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Grassy Narrows rejects forestry plan PAGE 3

NAN Day of Prayer PAGE E

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Vol. 40 No. 42

NADF business award winners PAGE B4-B5 8000 copies distributed

November 21, 2013 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

www.wawataynews.ca

NAN declares inherent and treaty rights to education

Walking for Sobriety in KI

Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Chris Hudson/Special to Wawatay News

Marlene McKay takes part in a Sobriety Walk in Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug. The walk was part of Addictions Awareness Week from Nov. 4 to 10 in the community. Other events included sessions with motivational speaker Earl Lambert including medicine wheel teachings and a spirit of positivity workshop, school visits, church services, a prayer walk, and a pot luck supper.

Nishnawbe Aski Nation is standing up for First Nations’ inherent and treaty rights to control education in the wake of the federal government’s Proposal for a Bill on First Nations Education. “Today we stand in unity to declare that the future of education in NAN will not be based on federal legislation but on our inherent right to selfgovernment, including education jurisdiction,” said Grand Chief Harvey Yesno. “The government of Canada has failed to meet its obligation to deliver education to First Nation students on par with the rest of Canada. No longer will we allow our children to be denied their inherent right to education.” Yesno, Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic and a group of chiefs, councillors, First Nation educators, Elders and youth announced the NAN Declaration on Our Inherent and Treaty Right to Education on the final day of the Nov. 5-7 Chiefs Summit on Education. More than 200 delegates attended the summit at the Prince Arthur Hotel in Thunder Bay. “We have a plan, we have a vision to go for our (education) jurisdiction,” Kakegamic said. “We have been in the table for over 10 years in good faith as government to government (over framework agreements for governance and education jurisdiction with the government of Canada and) we want to finish it.” NAN signed framework agreements for governance and education jurisdiction with the government of Canada in October 1999; draft agreements-in-principle for governance

and education jurisdiction were tabled in June 2007 and final agreements-in-principle for the governance sector and the education jurisdiction were initialled in July 2009. The NAN Declaration on Our Inherent and Treaty Right to Education calls for the federal government to acknowledge and respect NAN’s inherent right to education; respect the educational obligations made by the Crown to the people of NAN through Treaty No. 9 and Treaty No. 5; recognize NAN’s rejection of the imposition of the First Nations Education Act and support NAN First Nations by recognizing their right to self-govern their education systems. “This is a historic day as NAN leadership stands together to assert our inherent right to lay the path forward for education for the sake of our children and our children’s children,” Kakegamic said. “We have a sacred trust to our children and future generations to provide a quality education that respects our culture, values, and traditions while enabling them to live safe, healthy and productive lives, and today we are taking action to make that a reality.” Kakegamic said the “jurisdiction route” is key in providing a successful education for community members. “The reality that we have lived for the past hundred years-plus makes it clear that no one else can or should take responsibility for our future in education,” Kakegamic said. “It is up to us and it is our hope, our dreams, our reality and for that we will have to accept that it is also our responsibility.” Turn to NAN Rejects on page 6

ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭ ᑭᒋᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑌᐸᑫᑕᑯᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᕑᐃᐠ ᑲᕑᐃᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ

ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑐᐱᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐠ ᐅᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑐᑭᒪᐃᐧ ᐊᔓᑕᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂ ᐊᐱ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᐸᑭᑎᓇᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᑐᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᑕᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᐠ ᓂᐃᐧᒋᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᑎᒥᐣ ᐁᑲᓄᑕᒪᐠ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐊᓂᓂᑲᐣ ᑫᓂᔑᓇᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᓯᐣ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑐᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐱᑯ ᓂᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᓂᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᓂᑲᐊᐸᒋᑐᒥᐣ ᒋᐱᒧᓂᑎᓱᔭᐠ, ᐊᔑᐨ ᑲᔦ ᒋᐱᒧᑐᔭᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐦᐊᕑᐱ ᔦᐢᓄ. “ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐅᐣ ᐅᑭᐱᐸᐧᓇᐃᐧᑐᐣ ᒋᑭᑎᐱᑐᑕᐠ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ ᒋᔑᓇᑯᑐᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑕᐱᐡᑯᐨ ᑲᐃᔑᒥᓇᐧᔑᑐᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐅᒪ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ.” ᔦᐢᓄ, ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᑲᓀᐢ ᑲᐧᔾᐢ ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᔑᐨ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ, ᐅᓇᔓᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ,

ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᐁᐧᐠ, ᑭᒋᐦᐊᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐅᐡᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᐅᑭᐸᑭᑎᓇᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑐᓀᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒋᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᓂᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᓂᑕᔓᑕᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᔭᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᐊᓂᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑲᐡᑲᑎᓄᐱᓯᑦ 5-7 ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐊᓂᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᓇᑭᐡᑲᑐᐊᐧᐨ. ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 200 ᑭᐃᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑎᔕᑕᒪᑫᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑲᑭᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑊᕑᐃᐣᐢ ᐊᕑᑐᕑ ᑲᐯᔑᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᐅᑌᓇᐠ. “ᓂᑕᔭᒥᐣ ᑫᓂᔑᐅᓇᒋᑫᔭᐠ, ᓂᐊᐧᐸᑕᒥᐣ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᓂᔑᐱᒧᓴᑕᒪᐠ ᓂᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ. “ᐊᔕ ᓂᑭᐱᓇᓇᑭᐡᑲᐊᐧᒥᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᒥᑕᓱᔭᑭ (ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᑭᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑐᐃᐧ ᓇᑯᒥᑐᐃᐧ ᐯᐸᓄᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐊᐧᐁᐧ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ) ᓂᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒥᐣ ᒋᑭᔑᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ.” ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᒥᓇ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᒪᓯᓇᐦᐅᑎᓱᐸᓂᐠ ᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑐᐃᐧ ᓇᑯᒥᑐᐃᐧ ᐯᐸᓂ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᐃᔑᑲᐸᐃᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᐱᒧᓂᑎᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᐊᒧᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 1999; ᑭᐊᓂᒧᑕᒪᑎᐸᓂᐠ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᑕᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᓇᑯᒥᑎᐃᐧᐣ

Mattagami Chief Walter Naveau speaks during NAN’s education summit.

ᑲᓂᑲᓇᑌᐠ ᑫᐃᔑᑲᐸᐃᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᐱᒧᓂᑎᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓴᑭᐸᑲᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 2007 ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᑲᑭᔭᓂᔑᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᓇᑯᒥᑐᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᓂᑲᓇᑌᐠ ᑫᐃᔑᑲᐸᐃᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᐱᒧᓂᑎᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᑕᓯᓇᐦᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐸᐡᑯᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 2009. ᐁᑲᐧ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᑭᒋᐃᑭᑐᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᒧᑕᒪᓱᐨ ᑲᓄᓇᑲᓄ ᑲᓇᑕ

ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐣᑕᒪᑫᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᒪᐣᑐ ᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂ; ᒋᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᒪᑫᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪ ᑲᑭᐊᔓᑕᒪᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐃᒪ ᐃᓀᑫ ᒋᕑᐃᑎ 9 ᒥᓇ ᒋᕑᐃᑎ 5 ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐅᑎᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ; ᒋᓂᓯᑕᐃᐧᓇᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐁᑭᐊᓀᐧᑕᐠ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᓇᑕᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐅᑎᐡᓄᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐃᐧᒋᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ

ᐊᐢᑭ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᑌᐸᑫᑕᑯᓯᓂᐨ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᓂᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂ. “ᐅᐡᑭᒪᒋᓭ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᒋᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᑎᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᒪᐡᑲᐁᐧᐣᑕᒪᐠ ᑭᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᒋᐊᓂ ᑲᐧᔭᒋᑕᒪᐊᐧᔭᑭᑕᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑭᑕᐊᐧᔑᔑᒥᓇᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑭᑕᐊᐧᔑᔑᒥᓇᓂᐠ ᐅᑕᐊᐧᔑᔑᒥᐊᐧ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ. “ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᑭᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᑯᒥᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑭᒋᓀᑕᑲᐧᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐸᒥᐦᐊᑭᑕᐧ ᑭᑕᐊᐧᔑᔑᒥᓇᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑫᔭᓂᐸᐱᒪᑎᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐅᐣᒋᑕᒪᐊᐧᔭᑭᑕᐧ ᑫᓂᑭᑕᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐯᑭᐡ ᑲᔦ ᒋᔑᑎᐸᐸᒋᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᑭᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᑎᓯᐃᐧᓇᓂᐠ, ᑲᑭᒋᓀᑕᒪᐠ, ᒥᓇ ᑲᔭᐡ ᑲᑭᐱᑐᑕᒪᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑲᔦ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐸᔭᑕᑭ ᐱᒪᑎᓯᐊᐧᐨ, ᒋᒥᓄᔭᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑯ ᒋᑭᐊᓂ ᑌᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᐅᒋᐱᒪᒋᐦᐅᐊᐧᐨ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᐠ ᐊᔕ ᓂᒪᑕᓄᑲᑕᒥᐣ ᒋᑲᒋᑎᓇᒪᓱᔭᐠ.” ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ “ᑲᔭᑲᐧᑌᐠ ᐅᓇᔓᐁᐧᐃᐧ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ” ᒥᐦᐅᒪ ᒪᔭᑦ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᓭᑭᐸᐣ ᒋᑲᐡᑭᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑫᑭᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂ. “ᑭᑭᐱᐊᐧᐸᑕᒥᐣ ᐊᔕ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᒥᑕᓱᒥᑕᓇ ᑕᓱᔭᑭ ᑲᑭᐱᔑᓇᓇᑭᐡᑲᒪᐠ ᐁᐸᔭᑌᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐁᑲ ᑕᑲᐨ ᐸᑲᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭ ᐃᓇᐱᐣ ᐸᑭᑭᓂᑲᓂᐠ 7


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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

WAWATAY NEWS... ᒣᕑᓯᔦ ᐅᑭᐊᓂᒧᒪᐣ ᑫᑌ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᐣ ᑲᑭᓂᓯᑕᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧᑯᐸᓀᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑕᓄᑭᑕᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ. “ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᑌᐱᓭᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒋᐃᔑᓂᔕᐦᐅᐣᑕᐧ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐱᐣᑎᑫᐱᐦᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᑕᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᑎᑫᐱᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐸᐣ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᑭᐅᒋ ᑕᑲᐧᓄᐸᐣ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᒋᐅᒋᐃᔑᓂᔕᐦᐅᐣᑕᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒣᕑᓯᔦ. “ᑌᐯᐧ ᐱᑯ ᑭᒋᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑭᐊᔭᓇᐊᐧ.” ᒣᕑᓯᔦ ᑭᐱᐊᓄᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐠ.

Grassy Narrows rejects Ontario logging plan Grassy Narrows has rejected Ministry of Natural Resources plans for more clear-cut logging in their traditional territory. The MNR’s Forest Management plan for the Whiskey Jack Forest 2012-2022 is in the final stages of approval with a decision scheduled for Dec. 23. The community is concerned about the MNR’s plan to clear-cut much of the remaining mature forest in their territory after decades of large-scale industrial logging. Grassy Narrows Chief Simon Fobister told Premier Kathleen Wynne that she cannot to repeat the mistakes in past “at the expense of another generation of Grassy Narrows children.” “I call on you to ensure that never again will Ontario attempt to force decisions on our people and our lands,” he wrote to her in an Oct. 31 open letter. MNR Minister David Orazietti said the province is engaged in consultations with communities and that First Nations would gain economic opportunities from the forestry plan.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission extended by one year

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The mandate of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) has been extended by one year by the federal government. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Minister Bernard Valcourt announced on Nov. 14 that the operating period for the commission will extend to June 30, 2015. The commission had requested the extension in August, a request supported by various First Nations leaders and groups. Ontario Regional Chief Stan Beardy welcomed news of the extension, but said the federal government needs to live up to its commitment in the reconciliation process. This includes releasing historical documents so that survivors may prove their claims of attendance and years of abuse suffered at the schools.

ᐊᓴᐸᐱᐡᑯᓯᐊᐧᑲᐣᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᐊᓀᐧᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᒪᓇᑎᑫᐧᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓴᐸᐱᐡᑯᓯᐊᐧᑲᐣᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᐊᓀᐧᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᒥᑯᑭᒪᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᔑᑲᑫᐧ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᓂᐸᐣ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᑲᐃᐧᔭᓂᒪᓂᑲᐦᐃᑫᓂᐨ ᐅᑕᑭᒥᐊᐧᐠ. ᐊᒥᑯᑭᒪ ᐅᒪᓇᑎᑫᐧᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐃᐧᐢᑭᒐᐠ ᓄᐱᒥᐠ 2012-2022 ᐱᒥᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᔕ ᑫᑲᐟ ᐊᓂᑭᔑᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒋᔭᓂᔕᐳᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᑭᓇᒋᑲᑌ ᒋᐅᓀᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒪᑯᔐᑭᑫᔑᑲᓂᐱᓯᑦ 23 ᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ. ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑕᓀᑕᒥᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐣ ᐊᒥᑯᑭᒪᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑᐅᓇᒋᑫᓂᐨ ᒋᒐᑭᐸᐡᑯᑲᑭᐦᐃᑫᓂᐨ ᐃᒪ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐸᑭ ᑲᑭᐃᔑᐃᐡᑯᓂᑕᐧ ᒥᑎᑯᐠ ᐅᑕᑭᒥᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᔕ ᒥᔑᓄᔭᑭ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᓇᑎᑲᐧᑌᓂᐠ. ᐊᓴᐸᐱᐡᑯᓯᐊᐧᑲᐣᐠ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᓴᔾᒪᐣ ᐳᐱᐢᑐᕑ ᐅᑭᑲᓄᓇᐣ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐣ ᑲᐟᓫᐃᐣ ᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑭᐃᓇᐨ ᐁᑲ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᑭᓇᐱᑐᑕᐠ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᐊᐧᓂᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ“ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐊᐧᓂᑐᑕᐊᐧᑲᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᔭᓂᐊᓂᑫᐱᒪᑎᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᐢᑯᓯᐊᐧᑲᐣᐠ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ.” “ᑭᑲᓄᓂᐣ ᐁᑲ ᐃᐧᑲ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᒥᑯᑭᒪ ᒋᔑᑲᑫᐧᔕᑯᑕᒧᑲᓇᐨ ᐣᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒪᐠ ᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᑯᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᐠ ᐁᐃᐧᔑᐊᐸᒋᑐᐨ ᐣᑕᑭᒥᓇᐣ,” ᐅᑭᐃᓇᓯᓇᐦᐊᒪᐊᐧᐣ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᐊᒧᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 31 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ. ᑭᒋᐊᒥᑯᑭᒪ ᑌᐱᐟ ᐅᕑᐊᓯᑎ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐊᐧᐠ ᓂᑲᐣ ᐁᑲᑲᑫᐧᒋᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑕᓇᐱᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᒥᐦᐃᒪ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᑎᓇᒪᓱᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᔓᓂᔭᐃᐧ ᒪᒋᑕᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐅᒪ ᒪᓇᑎᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ.

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ᑌᐯᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐁᐧᒥᓄᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᑐᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐊᐱᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐯᔑᑯᔭᑭ ᑭᓇᐣᑭᓂᑲᑌ ᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌ

scription ever in Canada,” Mercier said. “It’s a great achievement.” Mercier served with the Canadian Forces in the navy, army, reserves and cadets.

Page B3 Wreath laid to honour Aboriginal servicewomen A wreath honouring Aboriginal servicewomen from World War II was laid by Mishkeegogamang’s Isabelle Mercier during the Remembrance Day ceremonies at Waverly Park in Thunder Bay. She said 35 per cent of Aboriginal people served during the First World War, and 33 per cent in the Second World War. Mercier cited a former prime minister who recognized Aboriginal people’s military service during wartime. “He said if the number of people who were eligible to serve in World War I and World War II had signed up to the amount that the Aboriginal peoples had signed up, there would have been no con-

ᐊᐧᐱᑲᐧᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑭᐊᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᐊᐧᐸᑕᐦᐃᐊᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᐱᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᐊᑐᐣ ᐊᐧᐱᑲᐧᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᒣᐡᑭᑲᑲᐧᒪᐠ ᐁᐅᒋᐨ ᐃᓯᐯᓫ ᒣᕑᓯᔦᑯ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᒥᑯᐣᑕᑫᐃᐧ ᑭᔑᑲ ᒪᒪᐃᐧᐡᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐁᐧᐳᕑᓫᐃ ᐸᕑᐠ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᐅᑌᓇᐠ. ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐃᒪ ᓇᐣᑕ 35 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᑫᐧᐠ ᑭᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐠ ᒣᑲᐨ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ 33 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ.

ᑲᑭᐃᓇᑯᓂᑕᐧ ᑌᐯᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐁᐧᒥᓄᐃᐧᒋᐃᐧᑎᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐊᐱᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐯᔑᑯᔭᑭ ᐅᑭᓇᐣᑭᓇᐣ ᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᓂᐠ. ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐨ ᐯᕑᓇᐟ ᐸᓫᑲᐧᕑᐟ ᐅᑭᐃᐧᐣᑕᐣ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᐡᑲᑎᓄᐱᓯᑦ 14 ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᑲᐱᒥᔭᓄᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᓇᐣᑭᓂᑲᑌᓂ ᐅᑕᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ ᓴᑭᐸᑲᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 30, 2015. ᑲᐊᐱᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᓇᑐᑕᒪᑫᐸᓂᐠ ᒋᑭᓇᐣᑭᓂᑲᑌᓂᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᑕᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᐅᐸᐅᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᒪᒪᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᐃᐧᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᑲᑫᐧᑌᐧᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐢᑕᐣ ᐯᕑᑎ ᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᓇᓇᑯᒧ ᑲᑭᓇᐣᑭᓂᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂ, ᔕᑯᐨ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑕᑭᑲᑫᐧ ᓇᑯᑐᓇᐸᐣ ᒋᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᑐᐨ ᑲᓂᔑᐱᒪᓄᑲᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ. ᒋᐸᑭᑎᓇᑭᐣ ᑲᔦ ᑲᔭᐡ ᐅᑎᐸᒋᒥᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᔕᐳᐡᑲᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᒪᒪᒋᐃᐧᓂᑕᐧ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᐊᐧᓴ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᒋᐊᐧᐸᒋᑲᑌᓂᑭᐣ ᑌᐯᐧ ᐁᑭᐃᔑᐃᐧᓂᑕᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑕᓱᔭᑭ ᑲᑭᐱᒥ ᑲᑲᐧᑕᑭᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᑲᑭᑕᔑᑲᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ.

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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Ontario to create development corporation Province hopes to ‘push forward’ stalled Ring of Fire projects Stephanie Wesley Wawatay News

The Ontario government announced it wishes create a development corporation with parties involved in the Ring of Fire. Minister of Northern Development and Mines Michael Gravelle released a statement on Nov. 8, calling the Ring of Fire “a tremendous opportunity with incredible potential to unlock economic potential within the region.” Gravelle said the creation of the development corporation will bring First Nations, mining companies, and provincial and federal partners together to settle divergent interests and get back to

making this development happen. The announcement ccame weeks after Cliffs Natural Resources said it is reconsidering its project in the region after a court ruled it could not build a road over land staked by KWG Resources, which wants to build a railway. In his statement, he says that the Ring of Fire will “create thousands of jobs and significantly strengthen our economy for years to come.” Gravelle states that it is important to lay the necessary groundwork because the Ring of Fire opportunity is a major resource development project located in a remote part of the province of Ontario that has never seen

Northern Development and Mines Minister Michael Gravelle development before. He says that the groundwork is already underway in the form of a historic

regional process with Chiefs of Matawa Tribunal Council led by former Justice Iacobucci and Bob Rae, capacity building to ensure people have the training and skills required to take advantage of the benefits that developing the area will bring, and community readiness initiatives to support communities as they become vital transportation hubs, as well as new centres for the mining services and supply sector. “Recent developments and divergent private sector interests have impacted our ability to move forward on vital infrastructure required to develop the region,” Gravelle said in the statement. “We need to get people in to work and goods out to the

global market.” The province wants the federal government to also get involved. Premier Wynne has written a letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper seeking a role for the federal government to partner with Ontario through the Ring of Fire development corporation, in order to create vital infrastructure investments for the region. One First Nations leader say there was “minimal consultation” before Gravelle made the announcement. In an interview with CBC Thunder Bay, NAN Deputy Grand Chief Les Louttit called the province’s proposed Ring of Fire development corporation a “Father knows best” approach.

Loutitt said that he hasn’t had any contact from the province about its plan. “This is normal, a normal policy for this government,” he told CBC. “You pretend to consult and you do minimal consultation, then you defer that responsibility to the industry.” Gravelle told CBC the province is still having talks with NAN on broader regional infrastructure needs, but welcomes NAN’s input on the Ring of Fire specifically. Louttit told CBC that more work needs to be done on those broader needs, and further stated that the north requires a northern Ontario regional development plan.

Grassy Narrows rejects MNR clearcut plans Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Grassy Narrows has rejected Ministry of Natural Resources plans for more clear-cut logging in their traditional territory. “Premier Wynne, it is within your power to ensure that the mistakes of the past are not repeated at the expense of another generation of Grassy Narrows children,” said Grassy Narrows Chief Simon Fobister in an Oct. 31 open letter to Premier Kathleen Wynne. “I call on you to ensure that never again will Ontario attempt to force decisions on our people and our lands.” The MNR’s Forest Management plan for the Whiskey Jack Forest 2012-2022 is in the final stages of approval with a decision scheduled for Dec. 23. It is currently posted at the ontario. ca/forestplans website. The community is concerned about the MNR’s plan to clearcut much of the remaining mature forest in their territory after decades of large-scale industrial logging. “This document attempts to make plans to clear-cut log the lands that we use to feed our families and practice our culture,” said Grassy Narrows hunter Joseph Fobister. “We cannot allow this. For centuries we have raised our voices to protect our rights and our land. But Ontario and Canada continue to ignore us with devastating consequences for our people.” The community believes the MNR plan will further erode Aboriginal and treaty rights and the ability of the community

RIck Garrick/Wawatay News

Grassy Narrows Chief Simon Fobister to sustain their families and to practice their culture through fishing, hunting, trapping, medicine harvesting, ceremony and healing for all generations. Kenora-Rainy River MPP Sarah Campbell called for the provincial government to consult in good faith with Grassy Narrows during a Nov. 7 session in the provincial legislature. “In 2012, Premier Wynne visited Grassy Narrows, as minister of Aboriginal Affairs, and talked about rebuilding Grassy Narrows’s relationship with Ontario to get it right, yet the exact opposite is happening,” Campbell said. “Grassy Narrows First Nation was not consulted in good faith when the long-term management direction of the Whiskey Jack Forest on their traditional land was developed. MNR plans show that clear-cutting on traditional Grassy Narrows territory will start as early as 2014, despite the community’s strong objections.

Cold front coming in? STAY COZY WITH HEATING INCENTIVES

See insert in today’s paper.

“Will the minister uphold his duty, do the right thing and consult with Grassy Narrows to obtain their consent regarding any forestry plans on their national lands?” MNR Minister David Orazietti said the province is aware of the importance of the Whiskey Jack Forest to the First Nation communities in this area. “The Ministry is engaged in consultations on the development of a 10-year forest management plan for the Whiskey Jack Forest and have already received input from other First Nations communities in the area such as the Wabaseemoong, Whitefish Bay, Wabauskang, Dalles,” Orazietti said in a Nov. 8 e-mail statement. “We are committed to working with Grassy Narrows First Nation and value their continued involvement in discussions pertaining to the man-

agement of this forest.” Orazietti said wood from the Whiskey Jack Forest provides economic opportunities for local First Nation communities as well as wood supply to local mills, including a mill owned and operated by a local First Nation member. “Ontario remains committed to respecting Aboriginal and treaty rights and will continue to develop positive relationships with First Nations leading to meaningful involvement and participation in resource management activities and providing economic opportunities,” Orazietti said. “In addition, the province will continue to engage with the First Nation through the Grassy NarrowsOntario Working Group to develop strategies for moving forward and collaborating to address priority issues.” Fobister had earlier questioned a written statement made by Orazietti that was published on Nov. 6 in a local online publication that said: “Under this plan, there are no planned harvest blocks located within the Grassy Narrows’ selfidentified traditional land use area.” “It is time for the minister to clear up the confusion that he has caused with his false statement and to answer once and for all,” Fobister said in a Nov. 7 release. “Will the Wynne government force logging on our community against our will, knowing that logging would release more mercury into our food chain.”

Training in Counselling A 10-Course Diploma in Biblical Counselling (a satellite program of Providence Theological Seminary)

Offered at Beaver Lake Camp Dryden Ontario First two courses Theory 1 and Practicum 1 offered January 6 - 24, 2014 Average Cost: $150.00 per course plus textbooks and room and board. For more information contact: Dorcas Layman (807) 937-4421 amos@northernyouthprograms.org Site 306, Box 1, RR3 Dryden, ON P8N 3G2

ᐊᐧᒐᐡᑯᓂᒥᐠ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᑲᒥᐠ ᑭ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᒋᑲᑌ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ ᐅᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓯᐁᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲ ᑭ ᑭ ᓇ ᐊ ᐧ ᒋ ᑐ ᐊ ᐧ ᐨ ᑲᓂᓯᑕᐃᐧᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐅᑭ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐧᒐᐡᑯᓂᒥᐠ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ. ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐣ ᑲᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᐱᑕᒪᑫᐠ ᐅᑭ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᔭᒥᐦᐁᐃᐧᑭᒪ ᑕᐧᒥ ᐯᕑᑎ ᐅᒥᑯᐣᑕᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ. ᕑᐊᔾ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ, ᑲᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ, ᑲᑭᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᑕᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᓭᓂ ᑲᐃᔑᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᓇᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐃᒪ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ. ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᐃᔑ ᐊᐧᐸᑕᐦᐃᑯᔭᐠ ᑭᑎᔑᐸᑭᑎᓂᑯᒥᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᑫᐃᔑᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᓄᑲᓂᑕᐧ ᐅᒪ ᑲᐱᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᐁᑲᐧ

ᒥᓇ ᑕᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᐣ ᓂ ᑕ ᓄ ᑭ ᑕ ᒪ ᑫ ᐃ ᐧ ᓂ ᓇ ᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᔭᐠ ᐃᑭᑐ. 1991 ᑲᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᐱᐅᐣᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐊᓱᐡᑲᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑭᑭᓄᐡᑲᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᓀᑫ ᐁᔑᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᑲᑲᐧᒋᓭᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐊᔑᐨ ᐅᐊᐧᑯᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᓂᓯᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑫᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᔭᓂᔕᐳᐃᐧᓂᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑲ ᑭ ᑲ ᐧ ᒋ ᓭ ᐦ ᐃ ᑯ ᐊ ᐧ ᐨ ᒋᑭᐊᓂ ᒪᐡᑲᐃᐧᑲᐸᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᒐᑯᐱᒪᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᒋ ᓂ ᓯ ᑕ ᐁ ᐧ ᐣ ᑕ ᒧ ᐊ ᐧ ᐨ ᐅᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑌᐯᐧᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑫᓄᒋᑫᐧᑭᓭᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᓀᐣᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑫᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓂᑫᐧᑭᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ.


4

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

From the Wawatay archives 16-5th Avenue North P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Serving the First Nations in Northern Ontario since 1974. Wawatay News is a politically independent weekly newspaper published by Wawatay Native Communications Society.

ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ 1974 ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐧᐁᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑕᐃᑦᔑᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ᑕᓱᓂᔓᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐧᐃ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᐃᐣ ᐅᓇᔓᐧᐁᐧᐃ ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᒋᑫᐧᐃᓂᐠ ᒋᐃᔑ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᒪᑲᐠ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ACTING CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER James Brohm

Commentary

Accountabilty for online comments Roxy Shapwaykeesic Wawatay News

T

he comments on news media websites are generally a battlefield for trolls. They are often racist, ignorant, uneducated, and bitter feeding grounds approved by what must be similar minded webmasters. I’ve seen comments so unrelated to news stories and so hurtful to minorities I wonder who’s in charge of this mess. Who’s the person pressing the “allow for public consumption” button on the other side? What’s their name, what are their views? What are their identities, and how are they accountable? It wasn’t until recently that commenting online has been available to the mass public via news media outlets, mainly online newspaper stories. Before then, we read a story, had our opinions and discussed them amongst likeminded friends and family, if at all. The passionate ones wrote a letter to the editor, (the editor being the obvious one accountable to publishing) which could then bring forward rebuttals of other passionate people.

Next time you’re commenting, consider if you would say it in front of all the viewers sitting in front of you. Would you speak, standing on the podium, in the spotlight with a mic and loud speakers at your side? Today, anybody masked by the mystery of avatars can comment on anything, anytime with little threat of social backlash. Brash commenting encourages other likeminded troll-like creatures to add to the banter. Take the belligerent ramblings of Youtube comments for example or any major news outlet website. Imagine you’re in a room filled with the very people watching and participating in the online section of a news story. In the case of the Fort William bridge burning down, would the person who tweeted their hopes for the fire to reach Fort William First Nation (suggesting the people there be displaced or killed) walk up to the podium and microphone, in front of all his peers watch-

ing, and say loudly those very words? How would those words echo with the people living on Fort William First Nation present, their children, the elders, the regular people with regular problems and regular jobs, in the same situation as the one on the podium. Would they still wish death to those people? What is the identity of that commenter who chose to remain anonymous? What are their beliefs? Does their religion condone the suffering of others? I think the comment section can be very helpful in the right context. Take weight loss forums, help sections, and product reviews. These fill a need for a discussion, are usually very helpful to viewers, and we take what we need from them. There is an inherent purpose for these areas. News is generally “opinion free”. What is the common goal of such comment sections under a news story? I’m not sure what that is. It’s a wildfire of many opinions. What does it add to? To me, most of the time, pity. Pity for anybody who wastes their time debating on them, and who are generally angered and frustrated by the comments. At the end of the day, the views of others are generally unchanged. My impressions of the commenters do though. How impersonal and rude we are with our shield of secrecy hiding our true identities. Websites claim, “the opinions of commenters do not ref lect the opinion of ‘such newspaper/media’”. Well, I think it does. You approved it, published it, host it and display it for all to see, and with what end? Next time you’re commenting, consider if you would say it in front of all the viewers sitting in front of you. Would you speak, standing on the podium, in the spotlight with a mic and loud speakers at your side? And would you say this to your friends, family, co-workers, and to the person sitting beside you who you don’t know to hear and see? What we say and put out into the world is a mark on us as individuals. We send out our messages and energy and create the world we live in. We as commenters and participators need to realize the power we have and how we affect others. Be accountable to yourself and your own values. Otherwise, we’re just ugly trolls, leaving filth in our trail.

Wawatay Archives

Pikangikum First Nation’s Nancy Keeper. Date unknown.

Now at the helm, looking to take on new challenge Lenny Carpenter EDITOR/ PUBLISHER

I

t is with great pleasure that I write this column as the new publisher and editor for Wawatay Native Communications Society. It has been quite journey since I first became published journalist when I still was going to college in Ottawa back in 2005. I had attended a hearing about plans to tax the funds First Nations students receive from their bands for their postsecondary education. It was the first time I was paid for writing, and I was hired that summer as a student reporter. Since then, I’ve worked as a reporter for Wawatay News on several occasions. When I was first hired on full-

time, one of my duties was to put out a youth newsletter that would later become the SEVEN youth magazine. And recently I was a reporter for two years. Over the years, I’ve written many columns about myself and experiences, so many readers are probably familiar with who I am. As a brief introduction, I am a member of Attawapiskat First Nation who grew up in Moosonee, Ont. along James Bay. With grandparents from Attawapiskat, Fort Albany, and a great-grandparent from Weenusk, my ancestral roots run deep on the coasts. So you can guess, and as you’ve likely read time and again, I love goose hunting. At the end of my latest tenure as a Wawatay News reporter, I left with some regret. It felt like I was abandoning readers and the stories out there waiting to be told. At the time, I had accepted an internship position with another

media organization in radio. And while it was exciting to take on a new challenge and explore a new storytelling medium, something was missing. As weeks passed, I realized that I missed sharing those stories – those of the First Nations people in northern Ontario. When I was that college student getting my first paid writing gig, I was ignorant of the history of the Wawatay organization and many of the issues facing the communities. Community members and leaders alike have taught me so much over the years, and it gave my writing more purpose. So now, as the editor and publisher, I want to help continue telling those stories. Firstly, there’s the business side of things. I want to balance our news coverage with the northeast, northwest, and Treaty 3 and 5 communities in Ontario. I want to also increase our online presence through our

website and social media. And I want to develop partnerships and enhance existing ones to help improve our publications. More importantly, I want to get you, the communities, to be more involved in our publications. Have any ideas for stories or projects? Or do you have funny or interesting photos to send? Any comments or feedback on how to improve our newspaper? Send me an e-mail at lennyc@ wawatay.on.ca Being new to this position, I’m a sponge and am open to many things. There will be challenges of course but I’m looking to take them head on. Thank you for reading over the years and supporting Wawatay Native Communications Society since 1974. As the new editor and publisher, I can only hope to meet the expectations set by my predecessors.

PUBLISHER/EDITOR Lenny Carpenter lennyc@wawatay.on.ca

SALES MANAGER James Brohm jamesb@wawatay.on.ca

Bob Munroe Peter Moon Peter Globensky Bryan Phelan Doug Riffle Chris Kornacki

CONTACT US Sioux Lookout Office Hours: 8:30-5:00 CST Phone: ....................737-2951 Toll Free: .....1-800-243-9059 Fax: ...............(807) 737-3224 .............. (807) 737-2263

Thunder Bay Office Hours: 8:30-4:30 EST Phone: ...................344-3022 Toll Free: ..... 1-888-575-2349 Fax: ...............(807) 344-3182

WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Rick Garrick rickg@wawatay.on.ca

SALES REPRESENTATIVE Tom Scura toms@wawatay.on.ca

WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Stephanie Wesley stephaniew@wawatay.on.ca

CIRCULATION Grant Keesic

ART DIRECTOR Roxann Shapwaykeesic, RGD roxys@wawatay.on.ca

TRANSLATORS Vicky Angees vickya@wawatay.on.ca

GRAPHIC DESIGNER Matthew Bradley matthewb@wawatay.on.ca

CONTRIBUTORS Xavier Kataquapit Andy Fyon Chad Hudson

Guest editorials, columnists and letters to the editor do not necessarily reflect the views of Wawatay News.


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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Wabauskang business owner on forestry plans Doug Riffle Special to Wawatay News

Ontario’s forests have been part of a natural gift to our country, one that can be used with care or terribly misused. As a former chief of Wabauskang First Nation, and the owner and operator of Makoose Wood Innovations, I should know. We run a forest products company that manufactures value-added forest products from timber we harvest from the Whiskey Jack and Trout Lake forests east of Kenora, Ont. Late last month Chief Simon Fobister of Grassy Narrows First Nation wrote an article on thestar.com Opinion section highly critical of the forestry industry. There is another side to the story, about the benefits that the forests provide to First Nations and the regional economy. Grassy Narrows and Wabauskang are neighbours and sister communities; we have common roots, close family ties and share traditional territory. Our community was also devastated by the mercury contamination of the English and Wabigoon river systems in the 1960s, but unlike Grassy Narrows and Wabauseemoong (aka Whitedog), Wabauskang was not included in the resulting settlements. In addition to pursuing unresolved legal claims arising from the mercury contamination, we have a joint Treaty Land Entitlement claim with Grassy Narrows against Ontario and Canada. Wabauskang also has standing in the appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada regarding the Keewatin case where the Ontario Court of Appeal reversed a lower court decision that reconfirmed the provincial government’s right to issue natural resource permits, licences and leases in part of our traditional territory. So we share the same context as our neighbours, and also vig-

Former Wabauskang chief and current business owner Doug Riffle says First Nations stand to economically benefit from the forestry industry in the region. Wabauskang neighbours Grassy Narrows, which has been against clearcutting and logging plans on its traditional territory for more than 10 years. He says his community has participated in the planning process led by MNR for Whiskey Jack Forest Management Plan, shown above. orously protect our Treaty and Aboriginal rights and interests. However, when it comes to participation in management of our forests, Wabauskang First Nation takes a different approach than Grassy Narrows. Our traditional lands are essential to the spiritual, social and economic well-being of our people, and as such we must play a critical role in the management of our lands and share in the benefits derived there from. Wabauskang First Nation welcomes Ontario’s efforts to involve First Nations in the management of forests and in particular the Ministry of Natural Resources’ (MNR) initiative to modernize forest tenure. The Crown is obliged to con-

sult, accommodate and obtain the consent of impacted First Nations before approving Forest Management Plans (FMPs) and operations. While Grassy Narrows has chosen to boycott the process, Wabauskang and other First Nations have participated in the planning process led by MNR for the Whiskey Jack Forest. Wabauskang supports approval of the Whiskey Jack FMP, and are anxious the get on with its implementation. Even better than being consulted and accommodated, tenure reform offers the participating First Nations the responsibility to assume management of the forest, including writing the next FMP, and thereby captur-

First Nation surface diamond driller assistants graduate Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Moose Cree’s Jocelyn Rickard is looking forward to a career in mining after completing the Surface Diamond Driller Common Core program at Northern College in Timmins. “I got to work outside — just being outside is what I was really looking for,” said Rickard, who graduated on Oct. 25. “I’m someone who has to keep doing something; I just can’t sit there so this job was perfect.” Although Rickard was “completely out of my element” when she started the program, she is now focused on finding work at the Detour Lake mine or at Cabo Drilling in Kirkland Lake. “With Detour it would be closer to home,” Rickard said. “That way I could just get a good feel of the industry and then move out further. Hopefully I can just stay as a diamond driller for as long as I can.” Chad General, a Moosonee resident originally from Six Nations, said the onsite diamond drill was one of the key elements of the program. “We got hands-on training with a couple of great drillers,” General said. “They gave us a lot of information we could take

out into the field. It was very informative.” General earned the Atlas Copco Leadership in Drilling Award for leadership skills, respect and a positive attitude from Atlas Copco, a partner in the program that also provided assistance and donations. The award included a $500 bursary.

“We got hands-on training with a couple of great drillers. They gave us a lot of information we could take out into the field. It was very informative.” -Chad General

Other partners involved with the program were Foraco Canada, Cabo Drilling, Forage Orbit Garant Drilling, Levert Drilling, Major Drilling Group International, Boart Longyear, Kirkland Lake Gold, Osisko Mining and Canadian Driller Training. “My future goals are to get into the industry,” General said. “I know there are a lot of opportunities once I get the job training and experience. I want to become a driller that can travel the world and go to all these

places I’ve heard about from our instructors.” Rickard and General completed the 10-week program along with six other Mushkegowuk community members who live across northern Ontario. The students received training on working safely, operating hand and power tools, environmental protection, recovering and handling core samples and operating snowmobiles and allterrain vehicles during the program. “Our partnerships with members of the mining and drilling industry demonstrate the positive outcomes that can be achieved when colleges and industry work together to provide training,” said Fred Gibbons, president of Northern College. “By collaborating, we are able to tailor our programs to provide the specific skills and knowledge that industry wants. These sorts of partnerships benefit students, industry, and the broader community.” The program taught the students the skills required to work as a helper to a surface diamond drill operator. Northern College has trained about 170 graduates in the program since 2007.

ing more of the economic and social benefits that the forest has to offer. Wabauskang’s position is that we must be party to any companies that manage the various forests units within our territory. We must have a fair 50/50 share in the Crown revenue derived from the fiber harvested from our territory, and we require assistance in building our capacity to capture the business and employment opportunities that flow from

natural resources in our territory. There is an immense complexity to the situation in which the First Nations of Northwestern Ontario find themselves. We are small, impoverished communities caught between federal and provincial governments, with unresolved historic grievances and a dynamic Treaty relationship which continues to be defined by the courts and negotiations. We have territories rich with

natural resources, growing number of young people hungry for training, education and economic opportunities, and a sacred responsibility for the governance of both. We are fortunate to have willing partners in industry and government, and together we are building a better future for all concerned. As with any people, our political and economic interests are not mutually exclusive, and Wabauskang First Nation choses to move forward on all fronts. We feel we cannot afford to wait for certainty from the courts concerning our role in the management of our territory and its resources. Like Grassy Narrows, we assert a veto over decisions that adversely impact our rights in these regards, but we work hard to get to yes rather than default to no, negotiating to find winwin agreements that deliver tangible benefits for our community. The last word goes to Chief Leslie Cameron from my reserve at Wabauskang: “We recognize the need to be involved in all aspects of resource development; from planning to implementation to sharing in the benefits of these activities. We support the new Whiskey Jack Management Plan on the basis that it gives us the flexibility in managing the harvest within our traditional areas as well creating opportunity through the exclusive licensing to our community loggers within this area.” This article originally appeared in the Toronto Star. Reprinted with permission from the author.

Find in these communities Aroland Atikokan Attawapiskat Balmertown Batchewana Bearskin Lake Beaverhouse Big Grassy Big Island Big Trout Lake Brunswick House Calstock Cat Lake Chapleau Cochrane Collins Couchiching Couchiching Deer Lake Dinorwic Dryden Ear Falls Emo Flying Post Fort Albany Fort Frances Fort Hope Fort Severn Geraldton Ginoogaming Grassy Narrows Gull Bay Hornepayne Hudson Iskatewizaagegan

Kapuskasing Kasabonika Kashechewan Keewaywin Kenora Kingfisher Lake Kocheching Lac La Croix Lac Seul, Kejick Bay Lake Nipigon Lansdowne Long Lake Mattagammi Michipicoten Migisi Sahgaigan Missanabie Mobert Moose Factory Moosonee Muskrat Dam Musselwhite Mine Naicatchewenin Naotikamegwanning Nestor Falls Nicikousemenecaning North Spirit Lake Northwest Angle #33 Northwest Angle #37 Ochiichagwe’Babigo’ Ining Ogoki Pic River Osnaburgh Pawitik Pays Plat Peawanuck

Pickle Lake Pikangikum Poplar Hill Rainy River Red Lake Red Rock Rocky Bay Sachigo Lake Sandy Lake Saugeen Sault Ste. Marie Savant Lake Seine River Shoal Lake Sioux Lookout Sioux Narrows Slate Falls Stanjikoming Stratton Summer Beaver Taykwa Tagamou Timmins Thunder Bay Wabaskang Wabigoon Wahgoshing Wapekeka Washaganish Wauzhusk Onigum Wawakapewin Weagamow Lake Webequie Whitedog Whitesand Wunnimun Lake


6

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

á?§á?Šá?§á?Šá‘Œ á?Šá’‹á’§á?§á?ƒá“‡á?Ł

NAN rejects First Nations Education Act Cont’ from page 1 Recent high school data, from 2004-2009, indicates First Nation students have a graduation rate of about 36 per cent compared to the Canadian graduation rate of 72 per cent, according to an Assembly of First Nations document from the October 2012 Chiefs Assembly on Education. Kakegamic said many municipal leaders from across northern Ontario support NAN’s objectives in education jurisdiction. “That was a big start yesterday when two municipality organizations stood with us stating publicly their support that both governance and education jurisdiction should go through (to) the final agreement,� Kakegamic said. “We’re so close — give us the opportunity to finish this (education) jurisdiction.� Chapleau Cree Chief Keith Corston said the Proposal for a Bill on First Nations Education would have major impacts on First Nation communities. “It’s going to impact every community; it’s going to impact the seven generations,� Corston said. “It’s a direct attack against the children, it’s a form of assimilation and we have to fight this new legislation.� Corston said there was not any “real consultation� with First Nations about the Proposal for a Bill on First Nations Education. “We haven’t been duly consulted for our consent to have this done,� Corston said. “They’re taking a word-of-thestreet approach to this and we are fed up with this approach and we will be attacking this

NAN Deputy Grand Chief Goyce speaks to media following NAN’s formal rejection of the First Nation Education Act and declaring its inherent and treaty right to education. with vigor.� The federal government announced the Proposal for a Bill on First Nations Education on Oct. 22. “Our government firmly believes that all First Nation students across Canada deserve access to a school system that meets provincial and territorial standards, while respecting First Nation culture, language, rights and treaties,� said Bernard Valcourt, minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. “The draft legislative proposal for First Nation education would put in place a system that is account-

able to students, and ensures that First Nation students have access, like all Canadians, to a good education.� The Working Together for First Nation Students: A Proposal for a Bill on First Nations Education includes a number of options, such as First Nations working together to form First Nations education authorities to provide a broader range of services to students and schools. The proposal also indicates First Nations would be able to enter into agreements with provincial school boards to have First Nation students attend school off-reserve or to

manage an on-reserve school and to negotiate self-government arrangements over education, at which point the proposed act would no longer apply to them. The federal government said it consulted the 600plus First Nations across the country and other stakeholders through eight face-to-face regional consultation sessions, more than 54 technical briefings and information sessions via video or teleconference sessions and an online survey that received 631 responses. MP Carolyn Bennett, the Liberal Party of Canada critic for Aboriginal Affairs, said the proposed bill has received a failing grade from coast-tocoast during an Oct. 24 House of Commons session. “First Nations are rightfully frustrated,� Bennet said during the session. “The proposal ignores the fundamental problem of equitable funding. Instead, it imposes new requirements on them with no new resources. Why does the minister still refuse to deal with the outright discrimination that exists when funding First Nations students?� Bennett said that more bureaucracy, more paperwork and more power to the minister is not the answer for the two-thirds of First Nation students not completing high school. “The Conservatives should push pause on this flawed, top-down strategy, sit down with First Nations communities and build a workable, fully funded plan that respects, supports and empowers First Nations to control their own education systems.�

NISHNAWBE-ASKI POLICE SERVICE

Nishnawbe Aski Nation Declaration on Our Inherent and Treaty Right to Education We are sovereign people. Our sovereignty was recognized in the Royal Proclamation of 1763. We, the Treaty Peoples, stand united. As stated in the Nishnawbe Aski Nation Declaration on July 6th, 1977, we will protect our custodial rights by any means necessary. We recognize the principles of the Declaration of Commitment signed January 20th, 2013. We, the people of Nishnawbe Aski Nation, have Inherent Rights given to us by the Creator to govern our peoples and our lands. We cannot relinquish our Inherent Rights. We have an obligation to exercise these Inherent Rights to protect our lands and our people. We, the Treaty people, have rights to education pursuant to Treaties 5 & 9. We have endured over a century of educational neglect and abuse as Canada continues to use inadequate funding and its program regime against First Nation education as a tool to advance its assimilation policy. This is unacceptable. All of Canada’s imposed educational regimes for our children including Residential Schools, Church Schools, Sixties Scoop, Indian Day Schools and underfunded delegated authority for local administration, have failed to meet the educational needs of our children and students. The education achievement gap between our students and those in the mainstream continues to grow under Canada’s watch. There can be no meaningful change until we, the First Nations of Nishnawbe Aski Nation, assert our inherent jurisdiction over education. Canada shall respect and honour our Inherent and Treaty Right to Education and commit to the educational promises made by the Crown to our people. Our Inherent and Treaty rights supersede any federal and provincial legislation that is enacted without our free, prior and informed consent. The First Nations of Nishnawbe Aski Nation have developed local education systems that have had many successes despite the underfunding and lack of implementation of the Treaty Right to Education by the Federal Government. We have a sacred trust to our people and to the seventh generation to provide lifelong holistic education that respects our identity, culture, values, traditions, and languages, and enables safe, healthy and productive lives. We accept this sacred trust. We categorically reject any legislation imposed on us by the Federal and Provincial Government, as it is a direct violation of the Treaties. We will take action if the Federal or Provincial Governments should proceed with any such legislation. We, the people of Nishnawbe Aski Nation, will remain united on this Declaration on Our Inherent and Treaty Right to Education.

Announces:

GUN AMNESTY PERIOD NOVEMBER 18 – DECEMBER 31, 2013

A Gun Amnesty Period is a grace period designed to help members of the community VDIHO\DQGHDVLO\GLVSRVHRIXQZDQWHGÂżUHDUPVSURKLELWHGÂżUHDUPVDPPXQLWLRQDQG other devices by turning in any of these items to the local Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service Detachment without facing criminal charges. 0RUHLQIRUPDWLRQFDQEHIRXQGE\FDOOLQJ\RXUORFDO1$36GHWDFKPHQWRUE\JRLQJ online to naps.ca or facebook.com/NAPSpolice What can be turned in? „FIREARMS: $Q\XQZDQWHGÂżUHDUPVRUXQVDIHÂżUHDUPV „PROHIBITED FIREARMS: $.ÂśVVDZHGRIIVKRWJXQVHWF „AMMUNITION: All unwanted ammunition. „OTHER DEVICES: 0DJD]LQHVWKDWKDYHDFDSDFLW\IRUPRUHWKDQÂżYH  URXQGV


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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭ ᑭᒋᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᒪᐣᑐᒥᓂᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑌᐸᑫᑕᑯᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐅᒋ ᐸᑭᑭᓂᑲᓂᐠ 1 ᓇᐣᑕ ᒥᓇ ᐸᑲᐣ ᒋᑭᐅᒋ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᑲᑕᒪᑯᔭᑭᐸᐣ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐊᓂᓂᑲᐣ ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᑭᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ. “ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᑲᐅᓀᐣᑕᒥᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑭᐸᑯᓭᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ, ᑭᐸᐊᐧᒧᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ, ᑭᐃᐧᔭᓂᐊᐧᐸᑕᒥᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐅᐣᒋᑕ ᐃᓯᓭ ᒋᐅᑕᐱᓇᒪᓱᔭᐠ ᒋᐸᐸᒥᓯᔭᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒋᐊᓄᑲᑕᒪᐠ.” ᓄᑯᒥᑫ ᑲᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑕᓯᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᑲᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ (ᒣᑲᐧᐨ 2004-2009) ᐃᒪ ᓇᐣᑕ 36 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᐅᑭᑭᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᐣ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᑲᐃᓇᑲᓀᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᑭᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ 72 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐣ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᑲᒪᒪᐃᐧᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᐊᒧᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 2012 ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐊᓂᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ. ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ ᐃᑭᑐ ᒥᔑᐣ ᐁ ᐧ ᒥ ᑯ ᔑ ᐅ ᑌ ᓇ ᐃ ᐧ ᑭ ᒪ ᐠ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᐃᐧᒋᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᔑ ᑲᑫᐧᐅᓂᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. “ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᑭᐅᐣᒋᒪᒋᓂᐁᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᒪᑲᐣ ᐅᓇᑯ ᐊᐱ ᐃᓂᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᓂᔑᐣ ᐁᐧᒥᑎᑯᔑᐃᐧ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᐃᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᐃᐧᒋᑲᐸᐃᐧᑕᑯᔭᐠ ᐱᒧᓂᑎᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑭᑲᑫᐧ ᔕᐳᓂᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᓇᑯᒥᑐᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᒪᓯᓇᐦᐅᑎᓱᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ,” ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ ᐃᑭᑐ. “ᒥᑐᓂ ᐱᑯ ᓂᐯᔕᐧᐸᑕᒥᐣ ᒋᑭᐊᓂ ᑲᒋᑎᓇᒪᐠ ᒋᑭᔑᐅᓇᑐᔭᐠ ᒋᐊᔭᑎᐯᐣᑕᒪᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ.” ᔕᑊᓫᐅ ᐅᒪᐡᑭᑯ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᑭᐟ ᑲᐧᕑᐢᑎᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᔑᑲᑫᐧ ᐅᓇᑕᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑫᐃᔑᐱᒧᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᑐᓂ ᐅᑲᑭᒋ ᐸᑭᑌᐡᑲᑯᓇᐊᐧ ᐃᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ. “ᑲ ᑭ ᓇ ᑕ ᔑ ᑫ ᐃ ᐧ ᓇ ᐣ ᐅᑲᐸᑭᐡᑲᑯᓇᐊᐧ; ᐁᐧᑎ ᑲᔦ ᑫᔭᓂ ᐊᔭᓂᑫ ᐱᒪᑎᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑲᐸᑭᑌᐡᑲᑯᓇᐊᐧ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᐧᐢᑎᐣ. “ᑫᒋᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᑯ ᐅᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᓄᑎᓂᑯᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ, ᑭᐃᔑᓇᑯᒋᑲᑌ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐧᐁᒥᑎᑯᔑᐊᐧᒋᐦᐊᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᑲᑲᑫᐧ ᓇᑲᓇᒥᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐁᑲ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒋᔑᐱᐣᑎᑫᓭᐠ.” ᑲᐧᕑᑎᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᑲ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ “ᑌᐯᐧ ᒋᑭᐱᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑫᐧᒋᒪᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ” ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐅᓇᑐᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂ. “ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᑲ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐃᓀᑫ ᓂᑲᐣ ᑲᑫᐧᒋᒥᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᒋᐃᓀᐣᑕᒪᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒋᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᐧᕑᐢᑎᐣ. “ᐱᒥᑯ ᐁᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐸᑲᐣ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᓇᓄᑕᒪᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᔭᓂᐊᐃᔑᒋᑫᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᓇᐱᐨ ᓂᒥᓇᐧᑲᑌᑕᒥᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑐᑕᐠ ᒥᑕᐡ ᑫᑐᑕᒪᐠ ᒋᓇᓇᑲᐡᑲᒪᐠ.” ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑭᐃᐧᐣᑕᓇᐸᐣ ᐅᐱᐸᐊᒧᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 22 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ ᑲᐃᐧᐸᑭᑎᓇᐠ ᐅᑐᐡᑭᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ

ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᐊᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ. “ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᒪᐡᑲᐃᐧ ᑌᐯᐧᑕᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐅᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᓀᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐠ ᒋ ᑕ ᔑ ᐃ ᐡ ᑯ ᓄ ᐦ ᐃ ᐣ ᑕ ᐧ ᑲ ᐱ ᒥ ᓂ ᔕ ᐦ ᐃ ᑲ ᑌ ᓂ ᐠ ᐱᑭᓯᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᐊᐦᑭᐣ ᐅᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑲᐃᓇᑌᑭᐣ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ, ᐯᑭᐡ ᒋᑭᒋᓀᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐅᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ, ᐅ ᑎ ᔑ ᑭ ᔐ ᐧ ᐃ ᐧ ᓂ ᐊ ᐧ , ᐅᑌᐸᑫᑕᑯᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐊᔓᑕᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ,” ᐯᕑᓇᐟ ᐸᓫᑲᐧᕑᐟ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐨ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑲᓇᐊᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᒪᒋᑕᐃᐧᓇᐣ. “ᐅᐁᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐧᐃᐃᔑᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᓂᑲᐣ ᒋᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᒋᑫᒋᓇᐊᐧᑕᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ, ᑐᑲᐣ ᐃᑯ ᑲᑭᓇ ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᐊᐧᐨ, ᒋᑌᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᒥᓇᐧᔑᓂᐠ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂ.” ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐁ ᒪ ᒪ ᐊ ᐧ ᓄ ᑲ ᓂ ᑕ ᐧ : ᑲᑭᐅᓇᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᑫᐃᓇᑌᐠ ᐅᐡᑭ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᐊᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᔑᐣ ᑲᐊᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋᐅᑕᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ, ᑐᑲᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᒪᒪᐊᐧᓄᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐅᓇᓴᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑫᐱᒥ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᐃᐧ ᓂᑲᓂᐡᑭᑫᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᓇᑲ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑫᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑫᐊᐸᑕᑭᐣ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᐣ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐣ ᐁᐃᐧᐃᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑲᐅᓇᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᓇᑯᒥᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐅᑕᐱᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᐸᐸᒥᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᑕᔑᐃᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐊᑲᐧᒋᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓂᐠ ᓇᐣᑕ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐱᐣᒋᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓂᐠ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᓂ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐅᓇᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᑎᐱᓇᐁᐧ ᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᐃᐧᐊᐸᑕᐠ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᑯᓇᐊᐧᓯᐣ. ᑲᓇᑕ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᐊᔭᑭᓀ ᑲᑲᑫᐧᒋᒥᐁᐧ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 600 ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᓇᑕ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᑲᐅᒋᐸᐸᒥᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᐊᐦᑭᐃᐧ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐊᐃᓇᓀᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᐅᒋ ᓇᓇᑭᐡᑲᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ, ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 54 ᒪᒪᑕᐃᐧᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᐠ ᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᑭ ᑕᑎᐸᒋᒧᑕᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑭᐊᐧᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᒪᓯᓇᑌᓯᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᒪᒋᑭᑐᐃᐧᓂ��� ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐃᒪ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᐠ 631 ᐅᑭᐸᑭᑎᓇᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᓇᑫᐧᐁᐧᔑᒥᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. ᐅᑭᒪᐅᓂ ᐊᓄᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᑫᕑᐅᓫᐃᐣ ᐯᓂᐟ, ᓫᐃᐳᕑᐊᓫ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑲᐊᓄᑭᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑᐅᓇᑕᒪᑫᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐱ ᒧ ᑕ ᒪ ᑯ ᐃ ᐧ ᓂ ᐊ ᐧ ᑭᐊᓇᐁᐧᐣᒋᑲᑌ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐊᐧᑲᐦᐃ ᑲᐊᐱᑕᑲᒥᑲᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᐊᒧᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ

ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᐃᐧᒪᒋᑐᐣ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑕᓇᓄᑭᒪᑲᐠ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᑲᓂᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐃᐧᐣᑕᑦ ᐁᐃᐧᐅᓇᑐᐨ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᒪᒋᑕᐃᐧᓂ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ ᑭᒋᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᑲᐣ ᐊᐱ ᑲᑭᐊᓂ ᐳᓂᓭᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᒪᒋᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ. ᒪᐃᑯ ᑯᕑᐊᐳ, ᐅᑭᒪᐅᓂ ᐊᓄᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᒧᔕᐦᐃᔓᓂᔭᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᒋᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᓭᒪᑲᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᐊᓂᓯᑫᐃᐧᑭᒪᑲᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᓇᐣ ᒋᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑐᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᐸᑯᓭᑕᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᒋᑕᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐅᒋ

ᒪᒋᐁᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᐱ ᑭᓫᐃᑊᐢ ᐊᓯᓂᑫᐃᐧᑭᒪᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐁᒪᒥᑐᓀᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐳᓂᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᐁᑲ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᑌᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᓂ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᒋᒥᑲᓇᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐃᓇᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᓄᑕᓯᓂᐁᐧᐊᐧᐸᐣ. ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᐧᓴ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᓇᐱᐨ ᓇᐣᑕ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑲᑫᐧᒋᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᐃᐧᔭᓂᔑ ᒪᑕᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑯᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᒋᐅᑕᓄᑭᐠ.

24 ᑲᑭᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ. “ᑲᐃᐧᓂᐣ ᑲᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐯᓂᐟ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ. “ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑᐅᓇᒋᑫᐨ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ

ᐅᐱᓯᐢᑫᐣᑕᓯᐣ ᒋᒪᒋᓴᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᓂᐠ ᐁᑲ ᒪᔭᑦ ᒋᔑᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᔓᓂᔭᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᑯᐨ ᐁᑲᑫᐧᑐᑕᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐅᐡᑭ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᓂᑲᑫᐧ ᐅᓇᑕᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᓇᑫ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ

ᐊᐣᑎ ᑫᓂᔑᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐨ ᒋᔑᐊᔓᑕᒪᐊᐧᐨ. ᑫᑯᓀᐣ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᑐᑕᐠ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪ ᐁᑲ ᓇᐣᑕ ᐁᐃᐧᐃᔑᑲᑫᐧ ᒪᒥᓄᐱᑕᒪᑫᐨ ᑲᐱᒥ ᒪᒋᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐁᑲ ᐃᐧᑲ ᑫᐃᔑᑌᐱᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᔓᓂᔭᐃᐧ

ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᓀᑫ?” ᐯᓂᐟ ᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐊᓇᑭ ᑕᑲᐧᑭᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᐅᓂ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ, ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐊᓇᑭᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᒥᓇ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐊᓇᑭᑲᑫᐧ ᐅᒪᐡᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᓂᐨ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑕᑭᐅᐣᒋᒪᑲᓯᓄᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐊᐱᑕ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐁᑲ ᑲᑭ ᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. “ᑲᐧᐣᓱᕑᐱᑎᑊ ᐅᑭᒪᐠ ᐃᓇᐊᐧ ᑕᑭᑲᑫᐧ ᔕᑯᑎᓂᑫᐸᓂᐠ ᒋᑭᐱᑎᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᐁᑲ ᑲᒥᓇᐧᔑᓂᐠ ᑫᓂᒪᒋᑐᒋᑫᒪᑲᓂᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂ, ᒋᑭᐅᓇᐱᐦᐃᐁᐧᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑕᓇᐱᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒋᐊᐧᐁᐧᓇᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᑭᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᑫᐊᐧᐨ, ᒋᐅᓇᐸᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᔓᓂᔭ ᑫᐃᔑᐱᒥ ᐸᐸᑭᑎᓂᐨ ᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐱᒧᑕᒪᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ.”

NEWS BRIEF Your Resource about the Resource Sharing the Results of the Environmental Assessment Aquatic Biology %"  ȡ "-,/1 -2)&0%"! &+ "/2/6 ǗǕǖǘ !"1&)0 1%" -,1"+1&) "ƛ" 10 ,# 1%" /,'" 1 +! 0&0(,ȉ0 -)+0 1, *&+&*&7" +6 +"$1&3" "ƛ" 10ǽ +" ,# 1%" ,*-,+"+10 ,# 1%" "+3&/,+*"+1) 00"00*"+1&0.21& &,),$6Ǿ4%& %!"0 /&"0Ɯ0%+!Ɯ0%%&11+!&002**/&7"!"),4ǽ %"/"02)10,#1%"00"00*"+1#,2+!1%11%"/"4&))"0,*""ƛ" 101,1%".21& "+3&/,+*"+1 " 20" ,# ),00 ,# Ɯ0% %&11 +! %+$"0 &+ )(" )"3")0ǽ  %" 0&$+&Ɯ + " ,# 1%"0" "ƛ" 10 &0 "5-" 1"!1,"),4ǽ&0 %/$"0#/,*1%"0&1"/"+,1-/"!& 1"!1,/"02)1&++6&*- 101,.21&  )&#"ǽ 0&0(, -)+0 1, *&+&*&7" 1%" "ƛ" 10 1, 1%" .21&  "+3&/,+*"+1 6 !"3"),-&+$ + ,+ 0&1" Ɯ0% ,*-"+01&,+-)+1%1#, 20"0,+"+%+ &+$%&11#,/1%"Ɯ0%"/6&+--"//*&,+"0"/3,&/ +!1%"0*))41"/,!&"0 ,++" 1"!1,&1ǽ")0,-)+1,-/,1" 11%"Ɯ0%"/6#/,*&+ /"0"! -/"002/"0 6 /"01/& 1&+$ Ɯ0%&+$ 6 0&0(, "*-),6""0 4%&)" )&3&+$ 1 1%"  ,**,!1&,+ *-ǽ 1%"/-)++"!*&1&$1&,+*"02/"04&))&+ )2!"ǿ ˓2&)!&+$&+1("01/2 12/"01+--/,-/&1"%"&$%1,3"1%")(",11,* ˓&+&*&7&+$&+Ɲ,43"), &1&"01,3,&!%/*1,Ɯ0% ˓ *-)"*"+1&+$"/,0&,++!0"!&*"+1 ,+1/,)*"02/"0Ǿ ˓&+1&+&+$02ƛ& &"+1Ɲ,40&+01/"*0!2/&+$ ,+01/2 1&,+ ˓3,&!&+$&+01/"* ,+01/2 1&,+!2/&+$0"+0&1&3" -"/&,!0#,/Ɯ0% ˓!'201&+$)01&+$,-"/1&,+01,*""1$2&!")&+"0 #,/1%"-/,1" 1&,+,#Ɯ0% 0 1%" "+3&/,+*"+1) -"/*&11&+$ *,3"0 #,/4/!Ǿ 0&0(, 4&)) !"3"),-  !"1&)"! +3&/,+*"+1) +$"*"+1)+1%1 +"20"!1, ,+Ɯ/*,2/ -/"!& 1&,+0+!4&)))),4201,!-1,2/-/ 1& "0 0 +""!"!ǽ " 4&)) ,+1&+2" 1, ,+02)1 4&1% 6,2 1%/,2$%,21 1%" -)++&+$ -/, "00 +! 4") ,*" 6,2/ &+-21ǽ # 6,2 %3" +6 .2"01&,+0Ǿ ,**"+10 ,/4,2)!)&("*,/"&+#,/*1&,+Ǿ-)"0"#"")#/""1, ,+1 120ǽ

OSISKO HAMMOND REEF GOLD LTD. Head Office:

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www.osisko.com


8

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

̾͜΅ҋ̼ѣ̼͚Ψ΅͇Ѧ΃̾ΎͪΎϣΤ͙͇ΎϣΤ͇͜Ϋ̓ͱτΉџ͙ Ϋέ΅͙͐τЀΫΦΎϠ̼͚͐͡Ψ΅͇Ѧ΃ Ϋ̼ЀΦ΅͙֧ ΦΤΎ̓͐͜ъϜ֧ ΦΫέ΅͙̼̼͐ϣ̾͜΅ҋ̼ѣ̼͚Ψ΅͇Ѧ΃̾ΎͪΎϣΤ͙τЀΫΦΎϠ͐͡Ϋ̼ЀΦ΅͙ϞϻΨ͙ϣШЦШ͙̺ΎЪͪЪϠΫ͙Ϋ̼ъͨъΨ͙͐Ϋ̼͟Ϋ͜Ϋ ̓ͱτ̾͘џ͙̼͚Ψ΅͇Ѧ͙τϣτЀΦ΅Φ͜Ϝ ֧ΨΎΦѦ͙Ϋ̓ͱτΉџ͙ τΎΨЀΫϹ͐͡ΫϣτΎ͐͡ ΫΦΎΨϻΨЀ͐̾̾ͅϣτЀΦτΫϻ͙֧͐

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ΏΩͫ̽͠ά͝$ 


1

Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

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Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Muskrat Dam family treatment centre receives accreditation Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Ronnie Beaver, chairperson for the Reverend Tommy Beardy Memorial Wee Che He Wayo Gamik Family Treatment Centre Board of Directors, left, and Roy Thunder, executive director of the centre, right, celebrated the treatment centre’s accreditation along with Deridre Gerro, Canadian Accreditation Council’s eastern regional manager of accreditation services, on Nov. 14.

HOSPITAL ACCESS CHANGES At the Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Centre, we aim to make the safety of our patients and accessibility to services a top priority. In order to serve our clients better, starting December 1st, all access to the hospital after 6pm and all day on the weekends will be through the emergency entrance only. The Emergency Department clerk is on hand 24 hours a day seven days a week to assist you. Official visiting hours still remain from noon until 9pm.

A treatment centre in Muskrat Dam First Nation has been accredited by a national organization that sets standards of excellence for human service organizations. The Reverend Tommy Beardy Memorial Wee Che He Wayo Gamik Family Treatment Centre has been accredited by the Canadian Accreditation Council. “(Accreditation) will improve our best practices in the workplace,” said Roy Thunder, executive director of the treatment centre, during the Nov. 14 announcement of the accreditation at the Nishnawbe Aski Nation office in Thunder Bay. “This accreditation process sets a higher standard to perform a professional service for those clients who do come in and it will greatly enhance our programs that we deliver at the moment.” While the accreditation process began about three-and-ahalf years ago, Thunder said the real work begins now. “We’re going to be looked at from the standards perspective,” Thunder said. “Are we delivering the programs and services to the best quality as best as we can. Are the clients getting the best services that

they need when they come to the treatment facility.” The treatment centre received accreditation for the next three years. “Accreditation is ongoing, it’s not just stopping here today,” said Deridre Gerro, Canadian Accreditation Council’s eastern regional manager of accreditation services. “We stay in contact with them and we continue to support the community and continue to support the treatment centre.” Located in Muskrat Dam, the treatment centre offers a six-week phased residential program for six families at a time or about 80 clients per year from across Nishnawbe Aski Nation, with some referrals from Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. “Accreditation supports our goal to provide the best services possible for the families who come to us for healing,” said Ronnie Beaver, chairperson of the Wee Che He Wayo Gamik Family Treatment Centre Board of Directors. “This is significant because the uniqueness of our program is that we treat the entire family, not just the person seeking treatment, in familiar surroundings in culturally appropriate manner. There is no other program like this anywhere.” The program provides sup-

port and guidance to substance abusers and their families so they can understand and overcome addiction by developing a strong spiritual base, understanding traditional values and beliefs and developing attitudes and skills to help them deal with changes within the community. “This facility is unique as it treats the entire family and is recognized as a leader in community-based and culturally appropriate healing for our people,” said NAN Grand Chief Harvey Yesno. “This centre has had a positive impact on the health of many families who struggle with addictions in terms of providing not only testimonies but success.” Yesno said the treatment centre’s success stems from its focus on keeping families together. “It allows families to stay together,” Yesno said. “That is a real key feature and this is making a difference to the health and wellbeing not only of the people of Nishnawbe Aski, but people all across the country.” The treatment centre was incorporated in 1989 and officially opened in 1991 after First Nations in the Sioux Lookout district first began exploring options for appropriate addiction treatment closer to home in the 1970s.

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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

11

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Truth Reconciliation Commission extends mandate Federal government must fulfill its commitment: Beardy Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

The mandate of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) has been extended by one year by the federal government. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Minister Bernard Valcourt announced on Nov. 14 that the operating period for the commission will extend to June 30, 2015.

The commission had requested the extension in August, a request supported by various First Nations leaders and groups. This additional year will provide TRC time to complete its mandate, including writing its final report and receiving documents held at Library and Archives Canada that Canada provides during this period, Valcourt said in a release. “Our government remains committed to achieving a fair

and lasting resolution to the legacy of Indian Residential Schools, which lies at the heart of reconciliation and the renewal of the relationship between Aboriginal people and all Canadians,” Valcourt said. While Ontario Regional Chief Stan Beardy welcomed news of the extension, he said the federal government needs to live up to its commitment in working with the commission in the reconciliation process. He noted that the commis-

sion was forced to take Ottawa to court to force the federal government to hand over historical documents associated with residential schools. And it was revealed this year that experiments were carried out on First Nations people while they attended the governmentrun schools. Former residential school students – most notably those that attend St. Anne’s in Fort Albany – are saying the federal government is deliberately

withholding documents that would prove their tales of torment and bolster their bid for compensation. “This extension by the Harper government must be accompanied by a full commitment by the federal government to share all information, documents and historical archives to the TRC,” said Beardy. “All relevant records regarding residential schools must be shared in order for the survivors, our communities and

our people to move forward with all Canadians towards reconciliation.” The TRC was established in 2008 as part of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. Its mandate is to inform all Canadians about the legacy of the residential school system, and document the truth of survivors, families, communities and anyone personally affected by it.

Facing the fear over residential school abuse: Luke Sagutch Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Neskantaga’s Luke Sagutch is encouraging people to “face the fear” and get counselling for their residential school issues. “Face the fear, acknowledge that fear, where is it coming from,” said the resolution support worker with Nishnawbe Aski Nation. “Once you recognize that fear, you can deal with that fear.” Sagutch said it is easy to deal with bigger issues that are visible but not so easy to deal with smaller issues that are hidden. “They are very hideous, they are hidden,” Sagutch said. “They are lurking around like a mouse lurking around wanting to eat something.” Sagutch was instrumental in developing the NAN Residential School curriculum launched in September. The program is designed to educate youth on the history and impact of residential school. Sagutch said he didn’t under-

stand his own hidden issues when he was younger and had fear within himself. “I didn’t want to deal with anything,” Sagutch said. “I literally ran away from one place and went to go live somewhere else, to develop another relationship, or to change jobs. I moved from job to job for many years because of that.” Sagutch began changing his life around after realizing in the 1990s that he had been abused while in residential school. He said the abuse led to a relationship breakup with his family as well as alcohol abuse. “I started getting some counselling, little by little, started dealing with it, little by little,” Sagutch said. “That’s when I decided I was going to do something about it, not so much rebuilding my relationship with my family but rebuilding my own relationship within myself. That was where the key was, not having a relationship with me, because I kept running away from me.”

Sagutch said the rebuilding of his relationship within himself was the most powerful and humiliating experience he has ever put himself through. “I went to treatment, I went to counselling, I saw therapists, I saw Elders, traditional healers,” Sagutch said. “I got into the spirituality, not just Native spirituality, but spirituality in general.” Sagutch feels “free spirited” after undergoing his healing process. “I can travel, I can work with anybody, I can listen to anybody, I can relate with anybody — it doesn’t matter who it is, it could be a male or a female, Native or a non-Native,” Sagutch said. “I see no colour today, I see human beings. That’s what I see.” Sagutch said his family had lived a peaceful nomadic life on the land before he was sent away to residential school. “We had a very peaceful, loving family,” Sagutch said. “We enjoyed all the peace and seren-

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Neskantaga’s Luke Sagutch performed at the NAN Day of Prayer on Nov. 13 at Dennis Franklin Cromarty First Nations High School. ity of the bush life.” Sagutch remembers waking up to birds singing, loons crying and mists rising off the water before he was sent to residential school. “Living on the land was great,” Sagutch said. “I was glad that I did experience the tail end of that nomadic lifestyle,

FORM 6

even though it was quite short.” Sagutch enjoyed connecting with the land and the resources on the land. “My cousins and I, we used to find ways to amuse ourselves,” Sagutch said. “We were very creative and we did a lot of things. We were never bored.” Sagutch still reminisces

about growing up on the land with one of the friends he grew up on the land. “We were never bored even though we never had anything like the kids have today,” Sagutch said. “We made our own, that’s the amazing part about it.” Sagutch said his family moved around to different locations in the Attawapiskat Lake and Attawapiskat River area according to the time of the year, travelling by canoe and living in log cabins and prospector tent camps. “Things changed in my life (when we moved) to a community called Lansdowne House,” Sagutch said, noting he met different children, did different activities and learned a different language. “And my parents were also advised that their kids had to go to school.” Sagutch said his family was given 72 hours notice that he and his sister had to go to residential school.

SALE OF LAND BY PUBLIC TENDER The Corporation of the Town of Moosonee

WE UNLOCK

࠮ FORMER EMPLOYER PENSION PLANS ࠮ LOCKED IN RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

FUNDS WILL BE DEPOSITED DIRECTLY FUN PAY NO INTO YOUR BANK ACCOUNT X *BC Registered funds do not qualify. Not available in Q.C. WITHHOLDING TA E WITH CERTIFICAT OF INDIAN STATUS

Take notice that tenders are invited for the purchase of the land(s) described below and will be received until 3:00 pm local time on December 5, 2013, at the Town of Moosonee, 5 First Street, Moosonee, ON The tenders will then be opened in public on the same day at 3:15 pm local time, at the Town of Moosonee DESCRIPTION OF LAND(S) Roll no. Pin Property

5665 000 001 39116 0000 65221-0492 (LT) PCL 7851 SEC NEC; LT 15 PL M362C, TOWN OF MOOSONEE

MINIMUM TENDER AMOUNT $ 14,227.25 Roll no. Pin Property

5665 000 001 25300 0000 65221-0297 (LT) PCL 6434 SEC NEC; LT 320 PL M14C, TOWN OF MOOSONEE

MINIMUM TENDER AMOUNT $ 13,788.90 Tenders must be submitted in the prescribed form and must be accompanied by a †‡’‘•‹–‹–Š‡ˆ‘”‘ˆƒ‘‡›‘”†‡”‘”‘ˆƒ„ƒ†”ƒˆ–‘”…Š‡“—‡…‡”–‹ϐ‹‡†„›ƒ„ƒ or trust corporation payable to the municipality (or board) and representing at least twenty per cent (20%) of the tender amount. Except as follows, the municipality makes no representation regarding the title to or any other matters relating to the land(s) to be sold. Responsibility for ascertaining these matters rests with the potential purchasers. This sale is governed by the Municipal Act, 2001, and the Municipal Tax Sales Rules made under that Act. The successful purchaser will be required to pay the amount tendered plus accumulated taxes and the relevant land transfer tax. The municipality has no obligation to provide vacant possession to the successful purchaser. For further information regarding this sale and a copy of the prescribed form of tender contact:

WWW.CFSOLUTIONS.CA

Title Scott Halas - Deputy Treasurer

Name of Municipality or Board The Town of Moosonee

Address of Municipality or Board 5 First Street, Moosonee, ON

Phone no. of Municipality or Board 705-336-2993


12

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

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Employment Opportunity NURSING DIRECTOR FULL TIME POSITION Shibogama Health Authority is a progressive organization consisting RIWKUHH)LUVW1DWLRQV FRPPXQLWLHV .LQJÂżVKHU/DNH:DSHNHNDDQG :XQQXPLQ/DNH ZKLFKKDYHWUDQVIHUUHGWRDFRPPXQLW\ EDVHG health care system; they are part of the Shibogama First Nations &RXQFLO7KHLQFXPEHQWWRWKLVSRVLWLRQPXVWEHFRPPLWWHGWRD FRPPXQLW\GHYHORSPHQWSKLORVRSK\HPEUDFHWKHSULPDU\KHDOWK FDUHPRGHODQGGHPRQVWUDWHWKHDELOLW\WREHDJRRGKHDOWKPDQDJHU DQGDWHDPSOD\HU5HSRUWLQJWRWKH6KLERJDPD+HDOWK'LUHFWRUWKH VXFFHVVIXOFDQGLGDWHLVDFFRXQWDEOHIRUWKHGD\WRGD\PDQDJHPHQW DQGFRRUGLQDWLRQRIQXUVLQJVHUYLFHVWRWKHWKUHHUHPRWH)LUVW1DWLRQV communities. 4XDOLĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQV % %DFFDODXUHDWHLQ1XUVLQJIURPDQDFFUHGLWHGXQLYHUVLW\ 0DVWHURI 1XUVLQJ1XUVH3UDFWLWLRQHUDVZHOO

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY &RPPXQLFDWLRQV2IÂżFHU Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) is looking for an experienced, energetic, and highly motivated individual to be a part of the NAN Communications department. As Communications 2IÂżFHU \RX ZLOO SURYLGH VWUDWHJLF communications planning support to the NAN Director of Communications, NAN Executive Council and NAN Chiefs. You will perform a variety of duties including writing, concept design, copy/photo editing and website updates, and be responsible for the coordination of NAN events, advertising and promotional materials as well as assisting with media-relations. 7KHGHDGOLQHIRUDSSOLFDWLRQVLVSP (670RQGD\1RYHPEHUWK&RYHUOHWWHU 5HVXPHDQGWKUHH  UHIHUHQFHVPXVWEH VXEPLWWHGWREHFRQVLGHUHGDQDSSOLFDQW )RUFRPSOHWHLQIRUPDWLRQLQFOXGLQJMRE GHVFULSWLRQDQGTXDOLÂżFDWLRQVSOHDVH YLVLWZZZQDQRQFDRUFRQWDFW ,DQ%HDUG\+XPDQ5HVRXUFHV &RRUGLQDWRUDW  RU 6DEULQD0DULRQ+XPDQ5HVRXUFH 'LUHFWRUDW  

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic and a group of musicians performed during the NAN Day of Prayer joint service on Nov. 13 at Dennis Franklin Cromarty First Nations High School in Thunder Bay. Bottom photo: Youth speaker Nicole Quedent encouraged parents to look out for their children during the NAN Day of Prayer joint service.

Life is worth fighting for: Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic described the pain his family suffered from the loss of a family member during this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s NAN Day of Prayer joint service. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Since 1986 to 2003, we lost over 476 of our sons and daughters who have taken their lives,â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said on the evening of Nov. 13 at Dennis Franklin Cromarty First Nations High School. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In my family, a beautiful girl, accepted into university, one in Toronto and one here, she had a job, and she took her life. So I know the hurt, the agony when a family encounters that.â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said there is nothing so haunting as telling a mother her child is gone. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a haunting, wailing sound,â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I know throughout our territory, there are workers who are addressing these issues.â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said the loss of youth â&#x20AC;&#x153;brings us to our knees and hurts us to the very core.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;That psychological shock wave breaks through our community,â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said. But Kakegamic also stressed that life is beautiful and worth living for, noting the speech

given by a youth speaker about her own personal issues during the NAN Day of Prayer special radio broadcast over the Wawatay Radio Network earlier in the day. â&#x20AC;&#x153;She had enormous issues and yet she spoke to our nation telling youth life is worth fighting for,â&#x20AC;? Kakegamic said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s us that can accomplish that. Life doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t come on a silver platter; we need to fight and make something out of our life.â&#x20AC;? The special radio broadcast featured Nishnawbe Aski Nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s executive council, Elders and youth while the joint service featured speeches by Grand Chief Harvey Yesno, Kakegamic and the youth speaker, a prayer service, the lighting of LED candles, a moment of silence and music by a group of musicians. Yesno recalled a conversation he had many years ago with the late Elder Louis Waswa about the NAN Day of Prayer. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What he told me was we have one day designated, but really we should be praying all the time,â&#x20AC;? Yesno said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not just one day in a week or one day in a month or one day in a year, but we should continue to remind people that we should

always be praying.â&#x20AC;? Yesno said he thought about Waswaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s comments and realized â&#x20AC;&#x153;youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re right on.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;When Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m driving, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m praying out loud,â&#x20AC;? Yesno said, noting people probably think he is talking on his phone. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Just thanking God for his goodness, that his peace will precede where I am going, asking for wisdom and knowledge, understanding and discernment, favour, asking for your protection upon your children,

claiming Psalm 11 and 12 to be fulfilled wherever they be, and pronouncing blessings on people.â&#x20AC;? The NAN Day of Prayer was first declared in 2002 by the NAN Chiefs-in-Assembly to set aside one day each year for community healing. It is designed to recognize and reaffirm the special relationship Nishnawbe Aski people have with the Creator and with the land.

Mental Health Counsellor

Medical Secretary

Term Position-West Area-One (1) Year - Location: Sioux Lookout Deadline: November 29, 2013 @ 4:30 p.m.

Full Time Position - Location: Sioux Lookout Deadline: December 6, 2013 @ 4:30 p.m.

Late applicants will not be given consideration

Late applicants will not be given consideration

Full job details are available on our website: www.slfnha.com under Careers.

Full job details are available on our website: www.slfnha.com under Careers.

For more information, contact our Human Resources department Tel: (807) 737-1802 or 1-800-842-0681 Email: Human.Resources@slfnha.com Fax (807) 737-1076

For more information, contact our Human Resources department Tel: (807) 737-1802 or 1-800-842-0681 Email: Human.Resources@slfnha.com Fax (807) 737-1076


1

Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

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Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

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Financial Services

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Weeneebayko Area Health Authority Cancer Care Project Wachay, WAHA and the Colon Cancer Check program are looking to increase the number of men and women who are being screened for colorectal cancer in Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Attawapiskat, Kashechewan and Peawanuck. If you are aged 50 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 74 and have never been screened or it has been more than two years since your last one, please see your doctor or nurse to get your FOBT kit. All men and women who participate from the communities mentioned will receive a $25 Northern Gift Card (while quantities last) and a chance to win monthly prizes. Check your behind and remind your loved ones to! Sure it takes a little courage to scoop your poop on a stick but cancer is scarier. For more information, please visit www.weeneebaykohealth. ca and click on the Cancer Care Project page. You can also visit us on Facebook on our Weeneebayko Cancer Project page.

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Health Services Weeneebayko Area Health Authority Cancer Care Project Wachay, WAHA and the Ontario Breast Screening Program are looking to increase the number of women from Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Attawapiskat, Kashechewan and Peawanuck to get screened for breast cancer. If you are a woman aged 50 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 74 and have never been screened or it has been more than two years since your last one, please see your doctor or nurse to arrange for a mammogram. Please, help us to put the squeeze on breast cancer. For more information, please visit www.weeneebaykohealth.ca and click on the Cancer Care Project page. You can also visit us on Facebook on our Weeneebayko Cancer Project page. Meegwetch

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Submitted photo

Jason Smallboy, left, and Sachigo Chief Alvin Beardy, centre right, helped open the Sachigo Lake Business Centre during the grand opening celebration on Oct. 17.

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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

OPP officer receives Mothers Against Drunk Driving award Rick Garrick Wawatay News

An Ontario Provincial Police officer was recently awarded for his work to reduce impaired driving in northwestern Ontario. OPP Const. Steve Jacko was recipient of the Terry Ryan Memorial Award for Excellence in Police Services by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Canada. “I try to focus on community safety and my number one priority is public safety,” said the Wikwemikong band member. “I had a family member killed by an impaired driver and I know how traumatic an impact it has on the entire family and also the entire community.” Jacko has attended many motor vehicle collisions where people were killed or seriously injured by impaired drivers during his 23 years with the

OPP. “Impaired driving remains the leading criminal cause of death in Canada,” Jacko said. “Plan ahead and always have a friend or family member pick you up where you are attending the function. Or grab a taxi. Don’t drink and drive — if you are questioning yourself, don’t drive.” The Terry Ryan Memorial Award for Excellence is awarded annually for a significant contribution of police services in helping to reduce impaired driving. Const. Ryan died in 2002 in a two-car alcohol-related crash on his way home from a police function in the Durham Region of Ontario. Jacko first became interested in police work due to his father’s position as chief of police with the Wikwemikong Tribal Police. “That encouraged me to follow the same path as my

Submitted photo

Kenora Ontario Provincial Police Const. Steve Jacko recently received the Terry Ryan Memorial Award for Excellence in Police Services by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Canada. father,” Jacko said. “I noticed that my dad used to care for the community and was always helping out with the community.” Jacko studied Law and Security at Cambrian Col-

lege before joining the OPP in 1990. “I was posted at the Kenora OPP detachment and I did most of my policing here in this general area in Kenora, Grassy Narrows, Minaki and

Sioux Narrows,” Jacko said. “The policing is great here — we just recently took over the City of Kenora three years ago.” Jacko worked in traffic enforcement at the Kenora detachment for the first four years before transferring over to the Grassy Narrows detachment. “I wanted to get more familiar with the criminal aspects of investigation, which is why I transferred there,” Jacko said. “It was a great experience. There were quite a few serious calls involving murders, assaults.” Jacko also met many community members while in Grassy Narrows. “I got to know the people really well,” Jacko said. “I always attended at their school, did some short presentations and also I was part of the team that was developing

the Tribunal Court in Grassy Narrows under the Indian Act charges regarding intoxication.” Jacko said the Tribunal Court featured a panel of six people from the community who decided the punishments for the people charged for intoxication. Jacko currently works regular patrol but spends a great majority of his time dedicated to combating impaired driving in the Kenora area. He laid a total of 59 impaired related driving charges in 2012 and as of Sept. 1 this year, he has laid a total of 42 impaired driving charges. Jacko was recently recognized for being in the top 10 of all OPP officers for traffic statistics, and he also received the Ontario Provincial Police Regional Commander’s Letter of Recommendation for exemplary effort and skills with respect to his job.

James Bay hit by storm

ONTARIO ENERGY BOARD NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS OF HYDRO ONE REMOTE COMMUNITIES INC.

Stephanie Wesley

Hydro One Remote Communities Inc. has applied to raise its electricity distribution rates. Learn more.

Wawatay News

In the early hours of Nov.18, Attawapiskat First Nation experienced a power outage during a heavy snowfall. Christina Edwards, who is employed at Attawapiskat Power Corporation, said that the first trip in power occurred between 6 a.m and 7 a.m. “We tried restoring hydro through generators, but it was impossible to do the whole community,” Edwards said. She said that the efforts to restore power continued throughout the day. “We finally succeeded around 9 p.m.,” Edwards said, although not every residence in the community had their power restored. “We still have some residents who are without power. We are not back on the grid yet.” It is estimated that Attawapiskat received four feet of snow in the storm. “It cleared up now,” Edwards said. “There was lots of snow, and it was windy. It was mostly snow drifts.” Edwards said that some of the shingles came off of the houses due to the wind, and that there were no injuries during the storm and power outage that she knew of. Edwards said that they are still awaiting a response from Hydro One on the situation. The community is currently running on generators. Other James Bay communities were hit by the storm and experienced power outages as well, including Moosonee, Moose Factory and Fort Albany. According to Environment Canada, the region experienced winds gusts of 80 kilometres per hour. Attawapiskat Crisis Coordinator Dennis Koostachin posted a public notice on his Facebook profile stating that the community of Attawapiskat needs to “limit our hydro usage in order to supply power to the whole town.” “Please turn off unnecessary power sources, etc. (water heater, washer/dryer, electronics) and decrease base board heaters if possible,” Koostachin instructed. “If we can minimize usage of power, we can generate the whole community until this matter is resolved.” “This is an emergency, it’s possible to run on generators for two days or more, depending on the weather,” Koostachin stated. Edwards is unsure of what caused the power outage. “We have Hydro One patrolling the lines,” she said. “We will have more when they call me for an update.”

Hydro One Remote Communities Inc. has applied to the Ontario Energy Board to increase the amount it charges by approximately $0.41 each month for the typical residential customer beginning on May 1, 2014. Other customers, including businesses, may be affected as well. The requested rate increase is tied to inflation (and other factors intended to promote efficiency). THE ONTARIO ENERGY BOARD IS HOLDING A PUBLIC HEARING The Ontario Energy Board (OEB) will hold a public hearing to consider Hydro One Remotes’ request. We will determine whether Hydro One Remotes has used the applicable models and formulas as required by the OEB. At the end of this hearing, the OEB will decide on the appropriate rate changes. The OEB is an independent and impartial public agency. We make decisions that serve the public interest. Our goal is to promote a financially viable and efficient energy sector that provides you with reliable energy services at a reasonable cost. BE INFORMED You have the right to information regarding this application and to be involved in the process. You can: • • •

review Hydro One Remotes’ application on the OEB’s website now; sign up to observe the proceeding by receiving OEB documents related to the hearing; at the end of the process, review the OEB’s decision and its reasons on our website.

If you want to become an active participant (called an intervenor) in this proceeding, you must apply for intervenor status to the OEB no later than 10 calendar days after the publication or service date of this notice, or the hearing will go ahead without you, and you will not receive any further notice of the proceeding. If you do not wish to become an intervenor but wish to give your opinion on the proceeding to the Board members hearing the application, you are invited to file a letter with your comments, which will be considered during the hearing. The OEB does not intend to award costs in this proceeding as Hydro One Remotes has only made proposals of a mechanistic nature within the OEB’s guidelines. LEARN MORE These proposed charges relate to Hydro One Remotes’ distribution services. They make up part of the Delivery line -- one of the five line items on your bill. Our file number for this case is EB-2013-0142. To learn more about this hearing, find instructions on how to file letters or become an intervenor, or to access any document related to this case please select the appropriate application from the list at the OEB website: www.ontarioenergyboard.ca/notice. You can also phone our Consumer Relations Centre at 1-877-632-2727 with any questions. WRITTEN HEARING The Board intends to hold a written hearing in this case. If you think an oral hearing is needed, you can write to the OEB to explain why. PRIVACY If you write a letter of comment or sign up to observe the hearing, your name and the content of your letter or the documents you file with the OEB will be put on the public record and the OEB website. However, your personal telephone number, home address and email address will be removed. If you are a business, all your information will remain public. If you apply to become an intervenor, all information will be public. This rate hearing will be held under section 78 of the Ontario Energy Board Act, 1998, S.O. 1998 c.15 (Schedule B).

Ontario Energy Board

Commission de l’énergie de l’Ontario


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Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

An operator monitors plant processes at Cliffs’ Bloom Lake Mine in Fermont, Quebec.

TOGETHER WE CAN. At Cliffs Natural Resources, creating economic value is one of our core values. We believe in eliminating waste and inefficiency and utilizing breakthroughs in productivity and technology. We use innovative mining technologies to manage mineral processing and the performance of our operating systems and equipment. By utilizing specialized technology, we enable our highly-trained operators to access realtime information and quickly make adjustments to sustain efficiencies, control quality, and monitor environmental impact.


SECTION B

November 21, 2013 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

Honouring the Fallen

Sgt. Peter Moon/Special to Wawatay News

Canadian Rangers form a circle around a sacred fire by Rinker Lake, 100 kilometres north of Thunder Bay, during the Aboriginal Veterans Day ceremony on Nov. 8. Meanwhile, residents in Thunder Bay honoured Aboriginal servicewomen on Remembrance Day. See stories on page B3.

ᐊᐧᐱᑲᐧᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑭᐊᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᑫᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᕑᐃᐠ ᑲᕑᐃᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ

ᑲᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᐊᐧᐸᑕᐦᐃᐊᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᐱᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᐊᑐᐣ ᐊᐧᐱᑲᐧᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᒣᐡᑭᑲᑲᐧᒪᐠ ᐁᐅᒋᐨ ᐃᓯᐯᓫ ᒣᕑᓯᔦᑯ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᒥᑯᐣᑕᑫᐃᐧ ᑭᔑᑲ ᒪᒪᐃᐧᐡᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐁᐧᐳᕑᓫᐃ ᐸᕑᐠ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᐅᑌᓇᐠ. ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐃᒪ ᓇᐣᑕ 35 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᑫᐧᐠ ᑭᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐠ ᒣᑲᐨ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ 33 ᐳᕑᓭᐣᐟ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᒣᕑᓯᔦ ᐅᑭᐊᓂᒧᒪᐣ ᑫᑌ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᐣ ᒐᐧᐣ ᑌᐱᐣᐯᑯᕑ ᑲᑭᓂᓯᑕᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧᑯᐸᓀᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑕᓄᑭᑕᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ. “ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᑌᐱᓭᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒋᐃᔑᓂᔕᐦᐅᐣᑕᐧ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᓂᔕᐧ

ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐱᐣᑎᑫᐱᐦᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᑕᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᑎᑫᐱᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐸᐣ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᑭᐅᒋ ᑕᑲᐧᓄᐸᐣ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᒋᐅᒋᐃᔑᓂᔕᐦᐅᐣᑕᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒣᕑᓯᔦ. “ᑌᐯᐧ ᐱᑯ ᑭᒋᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑭᐊᔭᓇᐊᐧ.” ᒣᕑᓯᔦ ᑭᐱᐊᓄᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐠ. “ᑭᑭᑌᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᐃᐧᔭ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑭᑫᐣᑕᑭᐣ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒣᕑᓯᔦ. ᓫᐊᕑᐊ ᐳᑯᕑ, ᑲᐊᓂᑫᐡᑲᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒋᐃᐡᑯᓄᑭᒪᐣ ᓫᐁᐠᐦᐁᐟ ᑭᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᑎᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᐁᐧᑎ ᒪᔭᑦ ᐅᐣᒋ ᐢᑐᓫᐅ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑊᕑᐃᑎᐡ ᑲᓫᐊᑊᐱᔭ, ᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᒥᑯᐣᑕᐊᐧᐣ ᐅᓂᑭᐦᐃᑯᐣ ᑲᑭᒥᑯᐣᑕᑫᐃᐧ ᑭᔑᑲᓂᐠ. “ᐣᑕᑕ ᑭᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧ ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᓫᑲᕑᐃ ᐦᐊᔾᓫᐊᐣᑐᕑᐢ ᑲᑭᐃᓂᑕᐧ ᐅᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐳᑯᕑ. “ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᐣ ᓂᒪᒪ ᑭᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᑫᐧᐃᐧ

ᑲᑭᑕᓇᓄᑭᐨ ᐱᒥᓭᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐸᐣᑯᐳᕑ. ᐱᒥᓭᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᓇᐸᐦᐃᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐃᔑᐊᓄᑭ.” ᐳᑯᕑ ᐅᑯᒥᓴᐣ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᑭᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᓂᐃᐧᐊᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᐱᒥᓭᐃᐧᓂᐠ. “ᓂᑕᑕ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᐊᓂᒥᓭ ᐁᐧᑎ ᑲᑭᐊᐣᑕᐃᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐨ, ᑐᑲᐣ ᐃᑯ ᒥᔑᐣ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒪᒐᐊᐧᐸᐣ,” ᐳᑯᕑ ᐃᑭᑐ. “ᑭᐊᔭ ᐃᒪ ᒍᓄ ᐱᐨ ᒪᐃᐧᓀᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑭᑕᔑᓄᑎᓂᑫ ᑊᕑᐊᐣᐢ ᒥᓇ ᐯᓫᒋᔭᑦ ᑲᒪᐧᔦ ᑭᒋᒥᔕᐧᑲᒥᑲᓇᑲᓄᐨ.” ᐳᑯᕑ ᑭᔕᔑᑭᐣᑕᑯᓯ ᒋᑲᓄᑫᐣᑕᐊᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑲᑭᐊᐧᐃᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐁᑲᑫᐧ ᓇᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ “ᒋᐸᔭᑕᑭᐱᒪᑎᓯᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ.” “ᑭᒋᓀᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᑕᑭᒥᐣᑕᐧ ᑲᑭᓇ ᓇᐯᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᑫᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᐃᐧᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᑕᑭᒥᓇᐣ ᑫᒋᓇᐨ ᒋᐸᔭᑕᑫᐣᑕᑲᐧᐠ,” ᐳᑯᕑ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐢᑕᐣ ᐯᕑᑎ ᑫᐃᐧᐣ

ᐅᑭᒪᒥᑯᒪᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐅᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᐡᑲᑎᓄᐱᓯᑦ 8 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ, ᑲᑭᐅᓇᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ ᐅᑭᔑᑲᒥᐊᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ 1996. “ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᐠ ᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᐁᒪᒥᑲᐃᐧᐣᑕᐊᐧᑭᑕᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒪᑭᑕᐧ ᑭᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒥᓇᓂᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᓄᑎᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐯᕑᑎ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᐡᑲᑎᓄᐱᓯᑦ 8. “ᒥᔑᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᓄᑎᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᔭᐡ ᑲᑭᓄᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐸᑕᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᑭᑕᑭᒥᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᓇᐣᑕ ᐱᓯᐢᑫᓂᒥᑕᐧ ᑲᑭᐃᔑᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐸᓂᒪ ᐁᐧᑎ ᑭᒋᐃᐧᑲᑕ. ᑭᒋᓀᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᑕᐡ ᒋᓇᑯᑕᒪᐊᐧᔭᑭᑕᐧ ᐁᑭᑕᑭᒪᔭᑲᐧ ᐅᑯᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᓱᐣᑭᑌᐦᐁᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᐯᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᑫᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐅᒪᐡᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ, ᑲᐃᐧᓂᐣ ᐃᑯ ᐁᑕ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᐡᑲᑎᓄᐱᓯᑦ ᑕᓱᐯᔑᑯᐊᐦᑭ, ᑲᐯᐦᐃ ᐱᑯ.” ᐊᓇᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 7,000 ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑭᑕᐧᑭᐊᐧᐨ

ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᒥᓇ ᓂᔕᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᓄᑎᓂᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᕑᐃᔭᐣ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑫᑌᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ ᑲᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 12,000 ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑭᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᓂᓯᐣ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ. “ᒥᔑᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᒪᓯᓇᐦᐅᑎᓱᐊᐧᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᐊᓂᒪᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐅᑭᒋᓀᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᐱᒥᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᔕᐧᐣ ᐊᐟᓫᐃᐅ. “ᑲᑭᓇ ᑲᐃᓇᑲᓀᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ ᐅᑭᒋᓀᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓱᐡᑲᒪᐊᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑫᑌᓄᑎᓂᑫᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐅᐊᐧᑯᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧ. ᓂᒪᒥᑲᐃᐧᐣᑕᐊᐧᒥᐣ ᑭᑕᑭᒥᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᔑᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭ ᓱᐣᑭᑌᐦᐁᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᐯᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᑫᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᐊᐧᓂᐦᐊᑭᑕᐧ ᓄᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ.”


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Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Remembering That War Is Never A Solution Xavier Kataquapit UNDER THE NORTHERN SKY

H

ere in the wilderness, near the lake under a sea of sparkling stars, I have such peace as I watch the f lames dance from my campfire. Peace is something we take for granted but in fact each and every one of us owes many young men and women through the ages our gratitude for doing their best to fight for freedom, democracy and fairness in this world. In most cases they fought wars that did not have to happen and that were staged around deception. On Remembrance Day, I think of my two grandfathers who fought in the First World War. James Kataquapit survived being uprooted by an over zealous military official who convinced him and 24 other boys from Attawapiskat to follow him south, then east to Halifax and finally the war in Europe. My other grandfather, John Chookomolin, did not survive as he succumbed to the Spanish flu soon after arriving on a troop ship in 1917 in England. He was part of the Canadian Foresters and today he lays in a very quaint and peaceful cemetery in Englefield Green near Windsor Great Forest in western London. I am a history enthusiast and for many years now, I have been studying our past right from the early days of mankind to modern times. One thing I have discovered in all of the research I have done is that war has been a very common and regular

occurrence of human existence. That realization is more than a little depressing. Even though we have in general and on a personal and individual basis evolved to a civilization where we are less violent with each other, more tolerant and of the realization that our survival is based on finding ways to get along – there is still war. War, I have discovered, is always about power, greed and the control of resources. Power brokers, governments and money people have been causing wars for many centuries based on religious, nationalistic and false f lag incidents. Anytime those

War, I have discovered, is always about power, greed and the control of resources....

in power felt the need to increase their fortunes they simply devised situations that inflamed the public to go along with invasions, which resulted in making the very rich even richer. Time and time again young men and women have joined in to fight the good fight based on hidden agendas that made it seem right to go to war. They have proven to be fodder much of the time for unjust causes disguised as righteous wars. Millions of soldiers and civilians have been killed in wars over the centuries and countries, cities and towns destroyed so that the very wealthy and powerful manage to become even more wealthy and powerful. It is sad to realize that even today the kings of commerce and industry direct governments and its peoples

to invade countries to either protect their interests or to take over valuable resources. Although there have been enlightened periods and times of renaissance in our history, most of the time war has been a reality. It is strange to realize that as a civilization we have become better to each other but that those same greedy, controlling power brokers are still waging war to fill their pockets. This reality has evolved to the point where making war not only satisfies the goals of those wanting more domination and resources but it has turned it into a mammoth moneymaker. It really is a win-win situation for the dark side of humanity. There does not seem to be much we can do stop war as a choice for those in power but perhaps at the very least we can come to the realization that nothing can justify such violent crusades. We must be more aware of the history of war and we should be very wary of jumping on nationalistic bandwagons built around expertly staged and promoted crisis and false f lags with the intention of drawing us into bloody conflict to satisfy the appetites of what has become known as the military industrial complex. This Remembrance Day, I will spend some quiet time recalling the reality of so much death and destruction caused by war and I will say my prayers that we as individuals will produce a way to pressure those in power to find other more peaceful ways to manage our planet. Sadly, it is my guess that if we do not do this we may be entering another one of those periods known as the dark ages. I would prefer a renaissance.


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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Wreath laid to honour Aboriginal servicewomen Rick Garrick Wawatay News

A wreath honouring Aboriginal servicewomen from World War II was laid by Mishkeegogamang’s Isabelle Mercier during the Remembrance Day ceremonies at Waverly Park in Thunder Bay. “We had the honour to have the Aboriginal servicewoman from World War II here in Thunder Bay,” Mercier said after the Nov. 11 ceremony. “Thirty-five per cent of our people signed up voluntarily in World War I, thirty-three per cent of our people signed up in World War II. Their service is to be honoured as all service when a country is in need.” Mercier recalled how former prime minister John Diefenbaker recognized the outstanding service provided by Aboriginal people during Canada’s wars. “He said if the number of people who were eligible to serve in World War I and World War II had signed up to the amount that the Aboriginal peoples had signed up, there

would have been no conscription ever in Canada,” Mercier said. “It’s a great achievement.” Mercier served with the Canadian Forces in the navy, army, reserves and cadets. “It was an honour to do so and the lessons learned are valuable to all,” Mercier said. Laura Buker, assistant professor at Lakehead University who is originally from the Sto:lo Nation in B.C., honoured her parents during the Remembrance Day ceremony. “My father served in the Canadian Army in World War II with the Calgary Highlanders,” Buker said. “And my mom was a First Nations woman who went to work for Boeing in Vancouver. She was a Rosie the riveter.” Buker’s uncles also served in the navy and the air force. “My dad had a rough go there, like many service people in Canada,” Buker said. “He was in the Juno Beach campaign and also (battled) through France and Belgium before he was severely wounded.” Buker encouraged people to remember how Aboriginal peo-

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Mishkeegogamang’s Isabelle Mercier, centre, honoured Aboriginal servicewomen with a wreath during the Remembrance Day ceremonies at Waverly Park in Thunder Bay. ple and others fought to protect the “freedoms here in Canada.” “It’s a special time of honouring every man and woman who stepped forward to serve our

country to make sure our country is protected,” Buker said. Regional Chief Stan Beardy also acknowledged Aboriginal veterans on Nov. 8, which was

acclaimed as Aboriginal Veterans Day in 1996. “Today is a special day where we honour and remember our Aboriginal veterans,” Beardy

said on Nov. 8. “For many Aboriginal veterans who fought in the world wars, they were not honoured or acknowledged for their sacrifice until many decades later. It’s important that we honour these brave men and women for their strength and sacrifice, not only in November each year, but always.” Although Veterans Affairs Canada states that more than 7,000 Aboriginal people served in World War I, World War II and the Korean War, an Aboriginal veterans group estimates that about 12,000 Natives served in the three wars. “First Nations citizens enlisted in record numbers during those difficult times and to this day continue to help and serve Canada with pride and distinction,” said National Chief Shawn A-in-chut Atleo. “All First Nations across Canada proudly support our First Nation Veterans and their families. We remember with the highest respect the remarkable contribution and dedication of all those brave men and women whom we lost in past conflicts.”

Canadian Rangers tested in search and rescue exercise Bob Munroe Special to Wawatay News

Canadian Rangers from across northern Ontario have completed an advanced five-day search and rescue training exercise in the bush north of Thunder Bay. The main part of the exercise was for a “missing” man and his two children. “It was very realistic,” said Ranger Rita Brisket of Lac Seul. “I feel more confident about being able to respond to a real life emergency in my own com-

munity after doing this exercise. As soon as we got off the bus we were put straight into the search. The first day I walked 17 kilometres looking for signs for the missing family.” Deputy Chief Roland Morrison and Inspector Merle Loon from Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service visited the exercise command, which was run by Canadian Rangers, and were both impressed at the Rangers ability to assist their officers in searches. The exercise was held at the Ontario Ministry of Natu-

ral Resources fire attack base on Rinker Lake, 100 kilometres north of Thunder Bay The two oldest Rangers on the exercise, both 57, Maggie Sakanee and Nancy Moonias, both 57, from Neskantaga - did not allow their age to hinder their performance. “This exercise was a good experience for me because I have never been involved in searching for a family before”, said Sakanee. “Everything was so real that I thought that there was an actual missing family.”

Captain Bob Munroe/Special to Wawatay News

Sergeants John Sutherland of Kashechewan, William Barkman of Sachigo Lake and Ranger Clayton Wesley of Attawapiskat show OPP Sergeant Jamie Stirling the areas being searched on a map.

Friends of Cedar Bay Invitation to Tender The Friends of Cedar Bay invites sealed bids for the purchase of a 1992 624E John Deere Rubber Tired Front End Loader (includes spare tire and rim, spare parts, utility bucket and manuals) DW624ED538055 in the state of “as is”. 18,690 hrs. TT. Machine Municipally owned and maintained until fall of 2012. May consider taking a Case 580 or similar equipment on trade. Sealed tenders must be received in writing by Sealed bids will be opened at 7:00 PM on 6:00PM on Monday December 9th, 2013 to either Monday December 9th. Announcement of winning bid will follow forthwith thereafter. Development Chair Highest bid not necessarily accepted Frontend Loader Bid Friends of Cedar Bay Further details can be received by contacting Box 129 Howard Lockhart, Development Chair, Sioux Lookout, Ontario Friends of Cedar Bay P8T 1A3 807-737-2268 or deliver to hblockha@gmail.com 572 highway 72 in Sioux S Lookout.

“This is the fifth year that we have conducted a search and rescue exercise”, said Captain Mark Rittwage, officer commanding the Canadian Rangers. “The Rangers did an excellent job which was verified by the positive comments from the Ontario Provincial Police officers who saw the training. “The first few years we held these exercises the Rangers were nervous about holding a leadership role in the command post. Now the rangers not only take the lead but manage to co-ordi-

nate the whole search.” Sergeant Jamie Sterling, the OPP’s provincial search and rescue coordinator, was brought in to give the exercise a realistic feeling. The OPP are in nearly every case, the lead agency for search and rescues in most of Ontario. “The OPP now train our Rangers on search and rescue procedures at the same level their as constables receive and in return the Rangers are able to provide the OPP with a pool of trained expects throughout northern

Ontario,” Rittwage said. More than 100 Rangers and other military personnel formed a giant circle around a sacred fire at sunrise on November 8 to observe Aboriginal Veterans Day. The exercise involved 69 Rangers from 21 First Nations across northern Ontario and 34 other military personnel across southern Ontario. There are about 550 Rangers and 700 Junior Rangers located in 23 communities in northern Ontario.


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Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Dan Bannon: Businessman of the Year foundation for hockey in Fort William First Nation in more ways than one. Bannon recently received

Bryan Phelan Wawatay News

Dan Bannon has laid the

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the Businessman of the Year award for 2013 from the Nishnawbe Aski Development Fund (NADF). He has owned and operated his own business in Fort William, Dan Bannon Contracting, for the past 20 years. With six employees, the company mainly builds houses, but sometimes does commercial renovations or sub-contracts for larger jobs. Given his extensive support of local youth hockey, it’s fitting that First Nation turned to Bannon when it came time to build its second arena. His crew put the footings in for that facility. In presenting his award Oct. 17, NADF acknowledged that during Bannon’s years in business he has given back to his community by sponsoring about 200 youth playing hockey at various levels. A fan of the sport and especially the Toronto Maple Leafs, he has done so in the belief that the game helps teach life skills. Bannon started picking up carpentry skills at an early age. When he was about nine years old his dad passed away but a neighbour became a mentor. “My cousin and her husband lived a few doors down from me. They were a young couple; they didn’t have a lot of money, so

Photos by Bryan Phelan/Wawatay News

“It’s an honour,” Dan Bannon, from Fort William First Nation, says of being named NADF Businessman of the Year. this guy had to fix a lot of stuff. And I was always over there, getting in the way, helping him fix the fence ...” he recalls. “From that day forward, that’s what I wanted to do.” Now Bannon is the mentor.

Since leaving a job as a police officer behind 20 years ago to become a contractor, he has trained 10 others in the field of construction. These days he’s not as handson with the work as he used to

be. “When we were doing the footings, I was pounding all the stakes while my guys were watching me. One of the other guys came up to me and said ‘Why are you paying guys to watch you work?’ “Ah, why indeed?” he says of his response, then laughs. “So I don’t do a lot of that any more. They do most of it. I just provide the training and I make sure it’s getting done proper.” On the night he is recognized as Businessman of the Year, Bannon is asked what he considers his proudest business accomplishment. “That I’m still around doing what I’m doing – something that you always wanted to do, being your own boss,” he says. “You’re not necessarily making a pile of money. Just staying alive in the business world is a big feat, I find.” Now a grandfather of five, Bannon also remembers where it all started, as a little boy hanging around construction sites in Fort William. “I used to go watch the guys build houses and sometimes they’d give me the money to go buy pop. Sometimes I came back, sometimes I didn’t,” he says with another laugh.

William Quachegan: award-winning community builder Bryan Phelan Wawatay News

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William Quachegan left Moose Factory for Timmins to attend high school when he was 15. In shop class, he enjoyed woodworking and found he had a knack for it. He met his wife Loretta in Timmins and later moved to her home First Nation of Mattagami. In Mattagami, he learned carpentry through an apprenticeship program and from Loretta’s uncle, Clayton McKay. “I was good at it,” he found. “I just picked it up real fast on the reserve.” Quachegan continued to build houses there and eventually became a construction supervisor. When it came time for his son, William Jr., to go to high school,

William Sr. found himself back in Timmins. He landed a job as the junior employee for a local contractor. Four years later, though, in 2011, he started his own business: WQ Carpentry. Quachegan and his business have been so successful since then that Nishnawbe Aski Development Fund (NADF) presented him with its Building Communities business award for 2013. The Moose Cree First Nation member received the award Oct. 17 in Timmins at NADF’s annual awards gala. Now with more than 20 years of carpentry experience, Quachegan knew it was time to start his own business “when people were calling my boss for some work and they were always asking for me. They’d say ‘Send William.’ ” WQ Carpentry – Quachegan and three employees, including

his son – handles residential and commercial work. “I’m known in town now, in Timmins,” Quachegan says. “I do all the work for a lot of business owners. I worked at Boston Pizza when it was built, Tim Hortons, the Future Shop, and the new hospital building.” As NADF pointed out in announcing Quachegan as its Building Communities award

winner, “William’s thoughtfulness is not only shown in the quality of his work he provides for his clients, he also extends this to Aboriginal youth,” sponsoring several youth hockey players. He has also made charitable donations for the fight against breast cancer and for a food bank in Timmins. He’s building the community in many ways.

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Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

Youth entrepreneur

MAP YOUR FUTURE! Confidential, Respectful, Reliable

Bryan Phelan Wawatay News

Nolan Tozer has used his love of the outdoors and his home in Moosonee as a base for becoming an award-winning entrepreneur. Nishnawbe Aski Development Fund (NADF) presented Tozer, a Moose Cree member, with its 2013 Youth Entrepreneur of the Year award in October. Nolan, who also celebrated his 24th birthday last month, and his wife Jenn started Moose River Tours about three years ago. The coupleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s home-based business provides customers with a range of fishing options and sightseeing tours on the Moose River and James Bay. Nolan grew up in the area and learned about the land from his father, William, a legendary guide, hunter and trapper. William continues to work as an outfitter, mostly on the Abitibi River. Nolanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s initial guiding experience came when people searching for a guide in Moosonee would be told be told by locals to â&#x20AC;&#x153;Go ask William Tozer,â&#x20AC;? who in turn would refer some of them to his son. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d just take them out fishinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; for a little bit â&#x20AC;Ś make a few bucks,â&#x20AC;? Nolan says. But this experience also sparked his interest in starting a full-fledged tourism business, which Jenn encouraged. Now, Moose River Tours offers a â&#x20AC;&#x153;full packageâ&#x20AC;? boating experience. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When we go on our James Bay tour, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll take you out and weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll stop along the way, talk about the land, stories and experiences that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve had, and also the history of the land too, like with the Hudson Bay Company and the fur trade,â&#x20AC;? Nolan explains. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And then we get out to the

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')3ANDTRADITIONALKNOWLEDGEDATACOLLECTIONENABLES&IRST.ATIONCOMMUNITIESTOASSERTTHEIR OWNERSHIPANDOBTAINCONTROLOFTHEIRLANDSANDNATURALRESOURCES,EARNHOWTOUSE')3AND HOWTOACCURATELYCOLLECTYOURTRADITIONALKNOWLEDGETHROUGHOURINNOVATIVE CUSTOMIZED REAL WORLDTRAININGPROGRAMS mouth of the bay and we get off in the bird sanctuary and I let people walk around a get a feel for it. We take our time.â&#x20AC;? Customers vary from locals to visitors, many of them Europeans. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A lot of people from the south who come up north to work, when their family comes to visit we take them out,â&#x20AC;? Nolan says of one typical client group. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Or it can be people just stopping in to see what Moosonee is all about.â&#x20AC;? Jenn moved to Moosonee about five years ago from a small town east of Toronto, for work as a paramedic. She books and coordinates the tours for the family business, and in some cases customizes tours for clients. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I make something up for what they want to do, the ages that they have,â&#x20AC;? she says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;All the older ladies like to flirt with Nolan,â&#x20AC;? Jenn teases him. Moose River Tours promotional material speaks of the â&#x20AC;&#x153;awesome sceneryâ&#x20AC;? and bannock customers can enjoy during their freighter canoe trips. There is also mention of chances to see marine life and wildlife, and to explore mud flats, sandbars and islands. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We just really love what we do and Nolan really loves being outdoors, and I think that shows

on the tours a lot too,â&#x20AC;? Jenn says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;All his stories about him growing up in the area, people like to hear that â&#x20AC;&#x201C; something different, something theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not used to growing up in the city.â&#x20AC;? Of course also on offer are opportunities for fishing, for walleye keepers and catch-andrelease sturgeon, from shore or the boat, on day trips or overnight. Shore lunches are provided. The business is a seasonal one, at least for now. But as NADF executive director Brian Davey said in congratulating Nolan and several other winners at the 2013 NADF Business Awards, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m sure your dreams are not complete.â&#x20AC;? Indeed. Jenn, holding the Tozersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; two-month-old daughter Sophia, talks of expanding the business to someday include a lodge and in winter, snowmobile rentals. Adds Nolan: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m hoping in the next 10 years, maybe, to improve tourism in town â&#x20AC;Ś maybe work hand-in-hand with the Moose band and other types of businesses, give everybody a little piece of the pie. And hopefully be able to hire a lot of people from the community. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a lot of money in tourism, a lot of opportunities.â&#x20AC;?

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B6

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Shake, Rattle and Roll: Earthquakes in Canada Andy Fyon ONTARIO BENEATH OUR FEET

This map shows the recorded number of earthquakes and their magnitude in Canada.

People often ask if we have earthquakes in Ontario. The answer is yes, we do experience earthquakes, but they are small in size and are uncommon in comparison to the east and west coasts of North America, where “big ones” have happened. So, what causes an earthquake and why do we only have small ones in Ontario? As we know, during an earthquake, the ground shakes. That shaking results from the sudden release of force and energy that built up within the rocks over time. The sudden jolt causes the rocks to break and slip past each other and that makes the ground vibrate. These zones of broken rock are called faults. Around the world, earthquakes are caused by the shifting of large slabs of the Earth called tectonic plates — a lot like

blocks of ice on the great northern rivers or lakes during spring breakup. For example, most earthquakes along the West Coast of North America are generally associated with huge faults that occur where tectonic plates slide along, or below, each other. One famous example is the San Andreas fault in California.

In the Far North of Ontario, there are very few earthquakes and the ones that do occur are very small and generally not felt. That’s because of the strong, stable Canadian Shield rocks in this area. Fortunately, we don’t have these types of faults in Ontario. The ancient and generally stable Precambrian Shield rocks that are one to three billion years old are what lie beneath the ground in our province. These old rocks, which are

NOTIFICATION Circuit E1C – 115 kV Wood Pole Replacement

Hydro One Networks Inc. (Hydro One) is proposing to replace approximately 104 wood pole structures on its existing 115 kilovolt (kV) transmission line in the Unorganized District of Kenora. These poles have been identified through Hydro One’s pole testing program. This important wood pole replacement work is required to ensure a continued safe and reliable supply of electricity to customers in the area. In accordance with the Class Environmental Assessment for Minor Transmission Facilities, Hydro One is providing notification of its intent to proceed with this project. If no concerns are expressed, the project will be considered acceptable and will proceed as outlined in the draft Environmental Study Report (ESR). If questions or comments on the project cannot be resolved by Hydro One during the 30 day review period, the concerned parties can request a higher level of assessment referred to as a Part II Order request. Such requests must be addressed in writing to the Minister of the Environment and received no later than January 3 at the following address: Ministry of the Environment 135 St. Clair Avenue West, 12th Floor Toronto, ON M4V 1P5

Please note that a duplicate copy of the Part II Order request must also be sent to Hydro One at the address noted below. If no concerns are raised during the review period, Hydro One will submit a final ESR to the Ministry of the Environment to proceed with this pole replacement project. The draft ESR can be viewed on Hydro One’s website at www.HydroOne.com/WoodPole or at the following location: Ear Falls Public Library 2 Willow Crescent Ear Falls, ON P0V 1T0 To provide comments on this project, please contact: Marylena Stea Community Relations Officer Hydro One Networks Inc. 483 Bay Street, South Tower, 7th floor Toronto, ON M5G 2P5 Toll Free: 1-877-345-6799 Email: Community.Relations@HydroOne.com

Partners in Powerful Communities

normally quiet with respect to big earthquakes, make up the Canadian Shield. So, we don’t expect to experience a major earthquake in Ontario any time soon. However, there have been small earthquakes in southern Ontario and in some parts of northern Ontario. In southern Ontario, there are a number of weak earthquakes, which appear to be related to ancient faults that cross or run along the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. These ancient faults are thought to mark the boundaries between, or occur within, ancient tectonic plates. Another area of active earthquakes is located in western Quebec, east of Lake Timiskaming and the Ottawa River. This zone is the source of earthquakes that can be felt in Sudbury, Toronto, and sometimes Sault Ste. Marie and Timmins. On June 23, 2010, I felt a moderately strong earthquake that occurred in that zone as I sat in my office in Sudbury. In the Far North of Ontario, there are very few earthquakes and the ones that do occur are very small and generally not felt. That’s because of the strong, stable Canadian Shield rocks in this area. The cause of these weak earthquakes is not related to boundaries between tectonic zones. These small earthquakes may happen because the land is slowly rising along the shores of Hudson Bay and James Bay. (Editor’s note: Fyon expanded on this in the July 18, 2013 of Wawatay News.) Around the world, when a major earthquake takes place under water, it is possible that a tsunami may form. You may remember March 11, 2011, when parts of Japan were destroyed by a tsunami created by an earthquake. Luckily, this is not likely in Ontario because our earthquakes are generally small and weak. There have been some rare experiences where an earthquake under or near Lake Ontario has resulted in high waves and flooding. On April 25, 1854, the shoreline of Lake Ontario at Niagaraon-the-Lake grew by about 150 metres and a series of waves up to two metres high flooded docks and property. This event is believed to have been the result of an earthquake that happened on the bottom of the lake. Records of similar events have also been documented in 1847, 1853, 1895, 1923, and 1940 — surfing anyone? It would be interesting to know if there is traditional knowledge about similar events along Hudson Bay. So, for you Elvis Presley fans, the next time you listen to the Elvis song “Shake, Rattle and Roll,” remember the lyrics: “I went over the hill, way down underneath”. Maybe, just maybe, Elvis was speaking about an earthquake that took place “way down underneath” – just like the Ontario beneath your feet. To learn more about historical earthquakes that have taken place in and around Ontario you can visit Natural Resources Canada online at: http://www. earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca or follow @CANADAquakes on Twitter. Andy Fyon is the director of Ministry of Development and Mines’ Ontario Geological Survey. For more information about the geology of Ontario: http://www. mndm.gov.on.ca/en/minesand-minerals/geology


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ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Wawatay Wawatay News News NOVEMBER NOVEMBER 21, 21, 2013 2013

Bear baiting not traditional form of hunting There are few examples which better illustrate the fundamental differences in world view between intact Aboriginal cultures and those of settler or colonial cultures than their attitudes towards and treatment of other species. Consider the bear, or Mukwa in Ojibwe culture. My partner tells many stories of the times as a young girl, she accompanied her Mishomis when he trapped or gathered berries. Whenever they encountered a bear her grandfather would remind her that it was to be left alone as it was an ancestral or relational spirit related to the Anishnabe and deserving of respect. The bear would always reciprocate and both species would go about their business. Now contrast this with proposed legislation that an Ontario Liberal MPP is advancing. When any government in Canada wishes to make a law on any issue it does so through the introduction of a bill by the cabinet minister responsible which then wends its way through Parliament. When the same government is not sure how to proceed on a given issue and it wants to sniff the wind or test the waters, it will encourage a backbencher to introduce the bill and float the trial balloon watching carefully if it soars or is blown out of the skies.

for what it is. Ontario Out-Of-Doors magazine describes it best: “Good baits should accomplish (two) things: attract bears and keep them coming back. To achieve this, use something sweet to attract them and something with bulk to fill them up and keep them coming back for more. Sweet treats can include day-old donuts, gummy bears, brown sugar, peanut butter, marshmallows, or honey [or] by mixing molasses with water and splashing it on and around your site.” With all this human-made food available, is it no wonder why bears are losing their fear of humans and looking for the same foods in cottage country, parks and campsites? Perhaps these master bear-baiters as

represented by the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters and the Northwestern Ontario Sportsmen’s Alliance are complicit in creating the same safety hazard that Mauro’s bill is allegedly trying to remove. Arguments about the usefulness of the cull will be lobbed into the fray from all sides. But basing policy on the “scientific evidence” produced by the OFAH and the NWOSA is like asking weasels to devise the best way to protect the hen house. If this ill-advised bill is ever to see the light of day, base it on the following conditions: First, consult with independent experts; second, outlaw bear-baiting – it is not hunting; third, call it what it is - a cull, and most certainly not a hunt;

fourth, compel the hunters to use the carcass as food and not as testosterone trophies – after all, if the bear wins s/he has no compunction about eating the competition, why should the hunter? Finally, if the bear wins and the hunter looses, the bear is not then killed for winning. Hopefully Mr. Mauro may have bitten off more bait than he can chew with this bear-baiting bill. Peter Globensky is a former senior policy advisor on Aboriginal Affairs in the Office of the Prime Minister and recently retired as CEO of the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. He invites comments on his columns at basa1@shaw. ca

Bear hunting by non-Aboriginals usually means bear baiting - luring bears with food and scents like in this example above, our columnist suggests.

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With all this humanmade food available, is it no wonder why bears are losing their fear of humans and looking for the same foods in cottage country, parks and campsites?

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6.3L/100km 45MPG HWY^^/ 9.5L/100km 30MPG CITY^^

5.5L/100km 51MPG HWY^^/ 7.8L/100km 36MPG CITY^^

399 1.99

APR

%

@

For 24 months with $1,900 down.

*

Offer includes $750 Winter Safety Package cash alternative and $500 in manufacturer rebates. Offer excludes taxes.

***

$

Bi-weekly for 84 months with $0 down.

OR OWN FOR ONLY

S

ECOBOOST

UPGRADE AVAILABLE

$

10.6L/100km 27MPG HWY^^/ 15.0L/100km 19MPG CITY^^

PLUS For a limited time, get a No Extra Charge

Winter Safety Package

††

TIRES RIMS SENSORS

UP TO $1,800 (MSRP) VALUE

with the purchase or lease of select new 2013 and 2014 models.

Our advertised prices include Freight, Air Tax, and PPSA (if financed or leased). Add dealer administration and registration fees of up to $799, fuel fill charge of up to $120 and applicable taxes, then drive away.

Hurry in and Swap Your Ride before December 2nd. Only at your Ontario Ford Store. 39918_G_R1_SYREcoboostCAR_8.5x11.5.indd 1

*

EBAT ES CTU R ER R IN M A N U FAST NEW VEHICLES. OWN)

PU RC HASE † FIN AN CI NG

2014 ESCAPE S *

Offer excludes taxes.

5.2L/100km 54MPG HWY^^/ 7.4L/100km 38MPG CITY^^

$

OR

UPGRADE AVAILABLE

2013 FOCUS S APR

%

OWN FOR ONLY

**

0

%

AP R

ECOBOOST

UPGRADE TO

ECOBOOST WITH FOCUS ST

2014 FIESTA S

AS LOW AS

PURCHASE FINANCE FOR

UPGRADE TO

ECOBOOST WITH FIESTA ST

PURCHASE FINANCE FOR

Enter Bill Mauro, Ontario’s MPP for Thunder Bay-Atikokan. Never encountering a personal headline he did not like, he has introduced a private member’s bill to bring back the ill-advised spring bear “hunt.” In full preelection mode and captured by powerful special interest lobby groups – the ones who advocate killing animals as the best way to conserve them, Mauro’s bill can be easily and conveniently disavowed by a Liberal government as the battle on the spring bear “hunt” heats up, as it surely will. Mauro cites a tourist boost to northwestern Ontario’s sagging economy, “protecting” moose calves and public safety as the reason for re-introducing the spring bear “hunt.” But let’s quickly dispel the mythology around this so-called hunt – that of the brave hunter interpreting the signs and tracking an itinerant bear over hill and dale, through rugged kneebruising terrain, armed with a compass, a .303 and a bit of beef jerky to gnaw on. It is no such thing. Rather it is more likely a group of good ol’ boys with vest, hand and insole warmers, gourmet lunches, beer and Twinkies, navigating on their GPS-equipped quads to their favoured bear blinds comfortably located in trees where they ready themselves to shoot trout in a barrel. The barrel in this instance is a bait concoction of human-made delectables dumped into a drum and placed in an area where the intrepid “hunter” has little more to do then lift his semi-automatic and blast away. This is not hunting – it is luring and entrapment and should be named and banned

9, 250 UP TO

ontarioford.ca

^

Vehicle(s) may be shown with optional equipment. Dealer may sell or lease for less. Limited time offers. Offers may be cancelled at any time without notice. See your Ford Dealer for complete details or call the Ford Customer Relationship Centre at 1-800-565-3673. For factory orders, a customer may either take advantage of eligible Ford retail customer promotional incentives/offers available at the time of vehicle factory order or time of vehicle delivery, but not both or combinations thereof. † Until December 2, 2013, receive 0% APR purchase financing on new 2013 Ford [Edge (excluding SE)] for up to 48 months, 2014 Ford [Taurus] for up to 60 months, 2014 [Fiesta] for up to 72 months to qualified retail customers, on approved credit (OAC) from Ford Credit. Not all buyers will qualify for the lowest interest rate. Example: $25,000 purchase financed at 0% APR for 48/60/72 months, monthly payment is $520.83/ $416.66/ $347.22, cost of borrowing is $0 or APR of 0% and total to be repaid is $25,000. Down payment on purchase financing offers may be required based on approved credit from Ford Credit. Taxes payable on full amount of purchase price. * Until December 2, 2013, Purchase a new [2014 Escape S FWD/2014 Fiesta S Hatch]/[2013 Focus S Sedan / 2013 F-150 XLT SuperCrew 4x4/ 2013 F-150 SuperCrew Platinum 4x4 5.0L] for [$24,888/$16,058]/ [$14,498/ $31,858/$48,080] (after Manufacturer Rebate of [$500/$0]/[$3,000 / $9,250/ $9,250] and Winter Safety Package cash alternative of [$750/$0/$0/$0/$0] deducted). Taxes payable on full amount of purchase price after total manufacturer rebate has been deducted and after Winter Safety Package cash alternative has been deducted. Offers include freight and air tax but exclude administration and registration fees of up to $799, fuel fill charge of up to $120 and all applicable taxes. All prices are based on Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price. Delivery Allowances are not combinable with any fleet consumer incentives. ** Until December 2, 2013, receive 2.49% APR purchase financing on new 2014 Escape S FWD models and receive 0.99 % APR purchase financing on new 2014 Fiesta S Hatch for up to 84 months, on approved credit (OAC) from Ford Credit. Not all buyers will qualify for the lowest interest rate. Example: 2014 Escape S FWD/ 2014 Fiesta S Hatch for $24,888/$16,058 (after $0/$2150 down payment or equivalent trade-in, $500/$0 Manufacturer Rebate, and $750/$0 Winter Safety Package Cash alternative deducted) purchase financed at 2.49%/0.99% APR for 84 months, monthly payment is $324/$172 (the sum of twelve (12) monthly payments divided by 26 periods gives payee a bi-weekly payment of $148/$79), interest cost of borrowing is $2,263/$495 or APR of 2.49%/0.99% and total to be repaid is $27,188/$14,378. Down payment may be required based on approved credit from Ford Credit. All purchase finance offers include freight and air tax and PPSA but exclude administration and registration fees of up to $799, fuel fill charge of up to $120 and all applicable taxes. All prices are based on Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price. Delivery Allowances are not combinable with any fleet consumer incentives. *** Until December 2, 2013, lease a new 2013 Ford F-150 Super Crew XLT 4x4 for up to 24 months, and get 1.99% APR on approved credit (OAC) from Ford Credit. Not all buyers will qualify for the lowest APR payment. Lease the above-noted model with a value of $31,858 (after $1,900 down payment or equivalent trade in and $9,250 manufacturer rebate deducted) at 1.99% APR for up to 24 months with an optional buyout of $21,432, monthly payment is $399, total lease obligation is $11,476, interest cost of leasing is $1,016 or 1.99% APR. Offers include freight, air tax, and PPSA but exclude administration and registration fees of up to $799, fuel fill charge of up to $120 and all applicable taxes. Additional payments required for optional features, license, and insurance. All prices are based on Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price. Some conditions and mileage restriction of 32,000km for 24 months applies. Excess kilometrage charges are 16¢per km for F-Series, plus applicable taxes. Excess kilometrage charges subject to change (except in Quebec), see your local dealer for details. All prices are based on Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price. Manufacturer rebates are not combinable with any fleet consumer incentives. ^^Estimated fuel consumption ratings for the 2013 Focus 2.0L I4 5-Speed Manual, 2014 Escape 2.5L I4 6-Speed Automatic, 2014 Fiesta 1.6L – I4 5-Speed Manual, 2013 F-150 4x4 5.0L – V8 6-Speed SST. Fuel consumption ratings based on Transport Canada-approved test methods. Model shown is 2013 F-150 4x4 5.0L – V8 6-Speed SST: 15.1L/100 km city and 10.7L/100 km hwy. Actual fuel consumption will vary based on road conditions, vehicle loading and driving habits. †† Receive a winter safety package which includes: four (4) winter tires, four (4) steel wheels and four (4) tire pressure monitoring sensors when you purchase or lease any new 2013/2014 Ford Focus (excluding S and Focus Electric), Escape, Fusion, Edge (excluding Sport), Explorer, or Fiesta (excluding S) on or before December 2, 2013. This offer is not applicable to any Fleet (other than small fleets with an eligible FIN) or Government customers and not combinable with CPA, GPC, CFIP or Daily Rental incentives. Some conditions apply. See Dealer for details. Vehicle handling characteristics, tire load index and speed rating may not be the same as factory supplied all-season tires. Winter tires are meant to be operated during winter conditions and may require a higher cold inflation pressure than all-season tires. Consult your Ford of Canada dealer for details including applicable warranty coverage. ^F-Series is the best-selling pickup truck in Canada for 47 years in a row based on Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association statistical sales report, December 2012. ©2013 Sirius Canada Inc. “SiriusXM”, the SiriusXM logo, channel names and logos are trademarks of SiriusXM Radio Inc. and are used under licence. ©2013 Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited. All rights reserved.

Special to Wawatay News

LEASE FOR ONLY

Peter Globensky

Available in most new Ford vehicles with 6-month pre-paid subscription

11/7/13 4:54 PM


B8

Wawatay News NOVEMBER 21, 2013

For Fast, Efficient Service P.O. Box 1457, Sioux Lookout, ON, P8T 1B9 Phone: 807 737-1991 Fax: 807 737-2728 Email: siouxper@siouxperautoparts.ca Ken Schultz, Manager/Owner

Try a Wawatay classified ad! 1-888-575-2349

DOORS

Lac Seul looking to host conferences Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Lac Seul is looking to host conferences such as the recent Grand Council Treaty #3 Chiefs Fall Assembly at the brand new Lac Seul Events Centre. “We’re trying to compete with the existing facilities in Sioux Lookout,” said Grace Strang, Lac Seul’s finance manager. “We try to be a full service facility by having meeting rooms and state-of-the-art technology.” Strang said the centre has a large conference room with two breakout rooms, comfortable chairs and seating and in-house catering. “I think it’s exactly what organizations are looking for when they want to host a bigger meeting,” Strang said. “Our facility is brand new — the conference rooms are designed for conferences. We have a fullservice kitchen that can do all the catering.” Strang said the kitchen has become a popular lunch stop for community members since it opened. “It was pretty slow to start with but we are very busy now,” said Doreen Gordon, operator of the kitchen. “And we are just getting busier every day.” Gordon said the workday at the kitchen usually begins early in the morning, with the kitchen open from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Monday to Friday. Whenever there are hockey tournaments in the arena, the kitchen is usually open from 8 a.m. to 9-10 p.m. on Saturdays depending on how long the games run. “Today we started at 6 a.m.,” Gordon said on the last day of the Treaty #3 Chiefs Fall Assembly. “For the past three

Aboriginal Artworks Group of Northern Ontario (AAGNO) Presents The 12th Annual Aboriginal Fine Arts & Crafts Christmas Gift Show & Sale December 3rd – December 7th, 2013 at Victoriaville Center, Thunder Bay, Ontario Come one, come all to see Authentic Aboriginal Fine Artworks of our Northern Ontario’s talented Aboriginal people’s creations. Great People, Great gift idea’s, Great prices, over 180 artisans participating. ON SALE

Tamarack Birds Original Woodland Paintings Original Native Apparel Original Native Jewellery Traditional Leather Works

Traditional Beadwork Wood & Soapstone Carvings Handmade Snowshoes Aboriginal Ornaments Birchbark Baskets

And Much, Much More!!! Tuesday, Dec. 3 Wednesday, Dec. 4 Thursday, Dec. 5 Friday, Dec. 6 Saturday, Dec. 7

TIME

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

10:00.A.M. - 5:00 P.M. 10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M. 10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M. 10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M. 10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M.

Come and enjoy yourselves and meet the artisans at this festive season

Merry Christmas

Please Note: Artisans can share a table, limit is 2 artisans per table. $130/table 5 days or $40/day, bring white table cloths For more information please contact John Ferris @ (807) 939-7525 or email: jferus@hotmail.com

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Lac Seul’s Doreen Gordon enjoys operating the kitchen at the brand new Lac Seul Event Centre. “It’s a lot of work, long hours, but it’s rewarding.” days we’ve been here at 6 a.m. because we’ve been catering breakfast and lunch. We catered for about 120 people over the past three days.” Gordon also operates the small store located across the event centre lobby from the kitchen. “It’s a lot of work, long hours, but it’s rewarding,” Gordon said. “Normally there’s three (staff) in the kitchen.” Lac Seul Chief Clifford Bull has been “very pleased” with the success of the event centre since it opened this past April. “Our (kitchen) has been doing a lot of catering and food orders,” Bull said. “We’re very proud of what we’ve done for the community. It’s a place where people meet. There’s snacks, drinks, you can have breakfast, lunch and supper here. It’s a full-service conference centre and event centre.” Bull said the youth are also excited about being able to play

hockey in the NHL-sized arena. “We’ve also started a minor hockey league with about 80 youth participating now,” Bull said. “We even had a NorWossa high school hockey exhibition tournament here over the weekend (with teams from Dryden, Red Lake, Fort Frances and Sioux Lookout).” Bull said a Superior International Junior Hockey League game featuring the Dryden Ice Dogs and the English River Miners is scheduled for Nov. 27 at the arena. “We have two youth (from Lac Seul) who are players on each team,” Bull said. Strang said students from the neighbouring Obishikokaang Elementary School have also been using the arena on Fridays. “That was something they could never do before,” Strang said. “We’ve had outdoor rinks in the community, however there are limited resources to

keep the rinks in a condition that would allow the students to skate all the time.” Strang said the minor hockey league was initiated by a group of parents in the community. “We are recognized by HNO (Hockey Northwestern Ontario), which is the governing body that governs minor hockey in our area,” Strang said. “We’re still trying to market our arena to different user groups, but right now our minor hockey teams are probably using it Monday to Thursday as well as Saturday.” Strang said the community is now considering the development of a 30,000 square-foot office complex. “Two of the largest organizations in (Sioux Lookout) have approached Lac Seul saying if there were office spaces available here, they would be willing to relocate their office spaces here.”


November 21, 2013