Page 1


May 2011


Time Will Tell The impact on groundwater from the Deepwater Horizon explosion still isn’t known, page 23

Also inside: 2011 Pump Buyers Guide, page 28


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When you need superior performance,

go with the GOLD. Baroid IDP’s research, retailer network and worldwide support have always made us the gold standard for drilling fluid products and services. Now comes our new GOLD product line: EZ-MUD® GOLD clay/shale stabilizer for easy dispersion and mixing with minimal shear; BAROTHERM® GOLD two-part thermally conductive grout that promotes heat transfer; and our QUIK-TROL® GOLD additive, the highly dispersible filtration control product for water-sensitive formations. Backed by the industry’s most experienced people, our dry, lightweight, easy-to-mix and NSF-certified GOLD line delivers the ultimate in performance, convenience and ROP— even in the harshest conditions. For details, call us at 281-871-4613 or 877-379-7412. Or visit us online at

Baroid Industrial Drilling Products Circle card no. 4 © 2011 Halliburton. All rights reserved.

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Designed by you, Built for you. After over 150 years of listening to our customers, weโ€™ve learned some things about the pump business namely, that you donโ€™t design the industryโ€™s best pump by merely sitting in a lab. What goes into our pumps comes as much from our customers and field experience as it does from a test bench. The A.Y. McDonald pump is designed by you, built for you, and sold exclusively to you - the waterwell pump professional.

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Vol. 65, No. 5 May 2011


FEATURED ARTICLES 23 Time Will Tell By Mike Price

More than a year since the largest accidental oil spill in history, the impact on groundwater from the Deepwater Horizon explosion still isn’t known. 26 WATER WELL JOURNAL Q & A Sara Gann, president of Unitra Inc. 28 2011 Pump Buyers Guide The guide provides everything you need to know about the industry’s pump manufacturers and their products. Page 23

DEPARTMENTS In This Issue Industry Newsline The Log Web Notes Coming Events Newsmakers Featured Products Classified Marketplace Index of Advertisers Closing Time

IN EVERY ISSUE 8 Editor’s Note Tried and True 19 WellGuard The Round Yellow Sign May



10 12 18 20 72 74 76 80 91 92





About the cover Booms used to protect against the oil that spilled off the Gulf Coast last year are visible after washing up in a marsh. See the feature article “Time Will Tell” on page 23. ®

Member of BPA Worldwide. The Water Well Journal (ISSN #0043-1443) is published monthly by the National Ground Water Association, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. Printed and mailed at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, and additional mailing offices. Postal acceptance: Periodical (requester subscription circulation) postage paid at Westerville, Ohio, and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to Water Well Journal, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. Canada Post/ Publications Mail Agreement #40739533. Return address: 4960-2 Walker Rd., Windsor, ON N9A 6J3.

Water Well Journal May 2011 5/


Advancing the expertise of groundwater professionals and furthering groundwater awareness. Executive Director Kevin McCray, CAE NGWA President Art Becker, MGWC

Director of Publications/Editor Thad Plumley Associate Editor Mike Price

Copyeditor Wayne Beatty

Production and Design Janelle McClary Advertising Shelby Fleck Vickie Wiles

Circulation Coordinator Sharren Diller Contributing Writers Ed Butts, PE, CPI; Donald W. Gregory; David T. Hanson; Joe Hogan; William J. Lynott; Michelle Nichols; Christine Reimer; Al Rickard, CAE; Jill Ross; Ron Slee; Stuart A. Smith, CGWP; and Lana Straub Publishing Oversight Committee Chairman Theodorosi Toskos Patricia Bobeck Richard Clarke Paul C. Johnson, Ph.D. David Larson Karen Madsen Brent Murray Deborah Post Michael Salvadore Frank Schwartz, Ph.D. Editorial, Advertising, & Publishing Offices 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081 (800) 551-7379 Fax: (614) 898-7786 Selected content from Water Well Journal is indexed on Ground Water On-Line™ at ©Copyright 2011 by the National Ground Water Association. All rights reserved.

Page 56

FEATURED COLUMNISTS 46 Engineering Your Business by Ed Butts, PE, CPI Pump Impellers: Part 2 Detailing the most fundamental—and important— element of centrifugal pumps.

54 Safety Matters by Mary C. DeVany, CSP, CHMM Young But Safe Employers have to provide a safe and supportive environment for young workers.

56 Transfer of Technology — Expanded Series by John L’Espoir Safety Around the Drill Safety, safety, and more safety

66 People at Work by Alexandra Walsh Does Your Company Have an EAP? Check out these reasons your business should have an Employee Assistance Program.

68 The After Market by Ron Slee Leadership Is it easier said than done?

Our circulation is audited, ask for a statement today.

An APEX award winner eight consecutive years with 19 total awards, most in the groundwater industry.

70 Savvy Selling by Michelle Nichols The Terms of the Sale Here’s a list of wonder words that can transform a plodding presentation into a powerful pitch. Learn them—and how to use them. The views expressed in the columns are the authors’ opinions based on their professional experience.

6/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

It’s a matter of trust.

You should never install a pump without a motor you can trust for performance and reliability. PENTEK XE Series 4” submersible motors consistently deliver outstanding performance through years of operation in the field…performance that has earned the trust of water well professionals.

XE Series quality comes from the latest design, manufacturing and testing technology. We never compromise on quality, because at the end of the day, your trust is all that matters. And now, NEW 10 HP motors join the PENTEK XE Series…a full line offering a choice for every 4” water well application.

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Tried and True t was obvious as I listened to a New York Times bestselling author detail her latest thriller why she said research was her favorite part of putting together a book. Before reading the opening pages of her latest mystery to a theatre full of fans, the author spoke of cruising around with on-duty police officers, witnessing problems solved with forensic technology in labs, and heading to the “body farm” where search-and-rescue dogs are trained. Admit it, that beats the heck out of your typical Monday. It’s OK, it beats mine too. Incredibly, what struck me was something else she said. She pointed out that as amazing as forensic technology is—and what she spoke of at times seemed more science fiction novel than mystery—nothing is better at finding a missing person than a dog’s nose. Think about that. She spoke of a technology that analyzes burned human bone and then details the person’s sex, age, medical conditions, and more. But finding someone? You can’t top releasing the hounds just like we have for hundreds of years. It just shows you that sometimes the best ways to do something isn’t with the latest gadget or newest gizmo. There are methods, tools, and products that get dubbed “tried and true” because, well, they have been tried for years and they truly work.


The groundwater industry we participate in every day is filled with stories of such methods. Many of you learned drilling techniques from your father who learned from his father. Tales of these tried and true methods spanning generations are part of what gives such character to our industry. I can’t begin to count how many times I have heard about a gadget made in a shop decades ago that has become a mainstay at job sites because it simply “is better than anything else out there.” However, I certainly don’t think that you should never look for new ideas or approaches for your business. If you’re not trying to learn, you’re falling behind because your competitor is certainly looking for new ways to do things. It’s imperative that everyone participate regularly in professional development. But while there are countless workshops and training sessions on new methods, tools, and products, sometimes a refresher course on something you have been doing for years is ideal. The method may be one that has been around longer than you, but hearing it explained in a new voice is always helpful. Sometimes that is exactly what is needed to find a tip that has been sitting there right under your nose.

Thad Plumley is the editor of WWJ and director of publications at the National Ground Water Association. He can be reached at and on Twitter @WaterWellJournl.

Advertise your products and services to the groundwater industry’s most influential readership. Call Shelby Fleck and Vickie Wiles in the NGWA sales department at (800) 551-7379. ● ● ● ●

Approximately 25,000 readers every month. More than 19,000 are groundwater contractors. Approximately 4000 reside in professions also allied to the field. Readers reside in every state, Canada, and other international locations. Circulation is audited by BPA Worldwide. Ask for a statement.

8/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Shelby Fleck

Disclaimer Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association provide information for guidance and information purposes only. This publication is not intended to provide investment, tax, or legal advice. The information contained herein has been compiled from sources deemed reliable and it is accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief; however, Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association cannot guarantee as to its accuracy, completeness, and validity and cannot be held liable for any errors or omissions. All information contained herein should be independently verified and confirmed. Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association do not accept any liability for any loss or damage howsoever caused in reliance upon such information. Reader agrees to assume all risk resulting from the application of any of the information provided by Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association. Trademarks and copyrights mentioned within Water Well Journal are the ownership of their respective companies. The names of products and services presented are used only in an educational fashion and to the benefit of the trademark and copyright owner, with no intention of infringing on trademarks or copyrights. No endorsement of any third-party products or services is expressed or implied by any information, material, or content referred to in the Water Well Journal. Subscriptions/Back Issues For questions, changes or problems with your subscription call Sharren Diller. Subscriptions: Water well contractors and other qualified groundwater industry personnel in U.S. and Canada — free; others in U.S. — $105 per year; $15 per copy. Canada – $120 per year; $24 per copy. International: $140 per year; $35 per copy. Subscriptions available through NGWA offices only. We reserve the right to refuse subscriptions to anyone not directly engaged in the groundwater industry. Claims for missing issues must be made in writing within three months of publication and will be subject to the availability of back issues. Advertising Disclaimer Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content (including text, representation, and illustrations) of advertisements printed and also assume responsibility for any claims arising therefrom made against the publisher. The publisher reserves the right to reject any advertising that it believes is not in keeping with the publication's standards or is deemed unsuitable or misleading.

Vickie Wiles
























Established 1962

TOLL FREE (800) 942-3388 - WWW.LAIBECORP.COM 1414 Bates Street - Indianapolis, IN 46201 U.S.A. - Telephone: (317) 231-2250 - Fax: (317) 266-8426 Circle card no. 28




he May 2011 issue of Water Well Journal is our annual pumps issue. It contains interesting feature articles and interviews, the 2011 Pump Buyers Guide, and an assortment of informative columns and departments. The 2011 Pump Buyers Guide, which begins on page 28, contains complete contact information for the industry’s pump manufacturers and an easy-to-read grid that details and checks off the types of pumps each manufacturer produces. Simply put, the buyers guide is a must read before you make your next purchase.


The scope of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that flowed for three months last year is addressed in the cover article titled “Time Will Tell” by Associate Editor Mike Price on page 23. The largest accidental oil spill in history stemmed from a seafloor oil gusher that was caused by Mike Price the April 20, 2010 explosion of Deepwater Horizon, which drilled on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. Price evaluates how groundwater is affected by looking at the hydrology of the coastal marsh and barrier island ecosystems, trash landfills used in the cleanup efforts, and the Gulf beach shoreline. In the accompanying sidebar article Price talks with Paul Hsieh, a research hydrologist who normally works with water for the U.S. Geological Survey, but helped save

the Gulf from more damage with a cell phone photo. Price also interviews Sara Gann, president of Unitra Inc., a family-owned and operated global pump manufacturer in the Water Well Journal Q&A on page 26. Based in Stafford, Texas, Unitra was founded in 1970 by Gann’s father, Nami K. Sukun, in New York City to export light industrial equipment. The company experienced success in selling 4- and 6-inch submersible pumps and motors and produced the first 100% die-cast aluminum engine-driven self-priming pump in the world in 1981. Gann discusses the state of the pump market and offers suggestions to business owners on how to manage through this slumping economy. This month’s installment of Engineering Your Business by Ed Butts, CPI, PE, details what the author calls the most valuable and important component to our business—the pump impeller. Starting on page 46, “Pump Impellers: Part 2” continues a three-article series by detailing the many unique operational characteristics and limitations of this critical part by examining factors involving the suction, or inlet, of an impeller. Butts goes over all of the parts and provides examples on how to calculate the two values of net positive suction head and specific Ed Butts, PE, CPI speed.

The Waterra Hydrolift-2 inertial pump actuator gives you the power and endurance you need. Get the job done quickly and easily — without breaking a sweat. • suitable for use with Standard Flow, High Flow & Low Flow Inertial Pumps • most efficient well development system available • adapts to almost any size casing or protective well casing • reduces fatigue when purging large volumes from wells • 110 volt and 220 volt models available • fully adjustable

10/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

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The safety of young people is highlighted in the monthly Safety Matters column “Young But Safe” on page 54. Columnist Mary C. DeVany, CSP, CHMM, states that many companies will soon be hiring or using young help through the summer months and it’s imperative that these companies do everything they can to keep young workers safe. She points out that according to the National Institute for Occupations Safety and Health there have been 6000 deaths of workers between 15 and 24 years of age in the last 10 years. DeVany then goes over a self-assessment tool provided by the Department of Labor that companies should use to ensure they are complying with the young labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. The People at Work column by Alexandra Walsh goes over how a good Employee Assistance Program can increase company productivity by cutting down on the time employees take away from work. In “Does Your Company Have an EAP?” on page 66, Walsh explains that the programs, often offered as part of a medical or behavioral health care plan, can be used to address shortterm issues and aid employees dealing with personal, work-related, health, substance abuse, legal, financial, and other issues. She then provides eight reasons why such proAlexandra Walsh grams can impact a business’ bottom line.

Mud Technology International Inc. Our mud systems are highly portable, easy to setup, efficient, self contained and are available in skid or trailer mount. We also carry a full line of parts and expendables for other brands as well as our own. Our pricing is always competitive, so be sure to check with us before buying anywhere else! Mud Technology International Inc. P.O. Box 509 Athens, Texas 75751 866-675-3240 Circle card no. 34

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Water Well Journal May 2011 11/



Serious Water Contamination in Japan, U.S. Experts Say Reuters reports groundwater, reservoirs, and seawater near Japan’s earthquake-damaged nuclear plant face “significant contamination” from the high levels of radiation leaking from the plant, increasing the potential for health risks in the region. Based on operators at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant saying highly radioactive water has entered underground concrete tunnels extending beyond the reactor, nuclear and environmental scientists in the United States darkened their assessment of the risks. Both seawater and freshwater used to cool the reactors, critically damaged by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, and spent fuel pools at the plant have been put in storage tanks there. However, reports indicate these tanks are full or overflowing with tainted water. “It’s just hard to see how this won’t result in significant contamination of, certainly, seawater,” says Edwin

Lyman, a physicist and expert on nuclear plant design at the U.S.–based Union of Concerned Scientists. “There will be dilution, some of that will be reconcentrated, but I don’t think this can be sugar-coated at this point.” U.S. experts say they need more information from Japanese authorities before accurately assessing the exact environmental and health impact. They did not say whether the latest development can explain low levels of radiation in Tokyo’s water supply.

Simpson, chairman of the House Interior–EPA Appropriations Subcommittee, anonymously inserted the language—one of several EPA-blocking provisions—into the original text of a larger spending bill the House passed on February 19. The temporary spending measure, which the Senate has yet to take up, aims to fund the federal government through the end of September. “We tried to put it in the bill last year,” Simpson said of the provision. As the top Republican on the Democratcontrolled subcommittee at the time last year, Simpson introduced the same provision in the form of an amendment, which failed in a 9-5 party line vote. The Simpson language, which he said he hopes to include in the appropriations bill for 2012 as well, would prevent EPA from spending any money to “implement, administer, or enforce” regulation or policy pertaining to the definition of what waters are covered

Provision Inserted to Block EPA from Clarifying Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Rep. Mike Simpson (R-Idaho) said on March 1 he inserted a provision in the House-passed spending bill that would block the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency from asserting broader regulatory authority over wetlands than it had during the George W. Bush administration.



NEWS/continues on page 14 SERVICE



THIS IS INNOVATION Four face plate options allow the Convertible VersaJet to fit in and match the pump previously installed. You won’t have to search for a pump to match anymore, just reach for Convertible VersaJet, an innovative system solution.

JEFF needed to save his time, money and space; he needed a versatile pump that could adapt to any installation. This is what Jeff got with the Convertible VersaJet:

Heavy-duty cast-iron case Modular face plates for retrofit Adjustable pressure switch One pump that gets the job done


12/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

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We’ve added what’s been missing to your water — depth and breadth. ®

Southwire is pouring it on. As the leading manufacturer of wire and cable, Southwire offers you more capacity, greater control of inventory turns, breadth of product offerings, and custom packaging with unmatched experience in the wire and cable industry. Since 1950, Southwire has supplied the power industry with innovation, service and dependability.

Call us toll free at 1-877-636-9473 or email at

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NEWS/from page 12

under the Clean Water Act, and thus subject to federal regulation. The agriculture and homebuilding industries have lobbied aggressively to stop the Obama administrationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s EPA from replacing a Bush-era policy that established jurisdiction critics say is too narrow and rolled back pollution protections. EPA has since delayed or dropped hundreds of investigations because of uncertainties created by the Bush policy and two preceding Supreme Court rul-

ings that failed to draw a clear line around which wetlands are protected.

Layne Christensen Acquires Wildcat Civil Services

Layne Christensen Co., a global provider of products and services for the water, mineral, construction, and energy markets that is headquartered in Mission Woods, Kansas, announced it has acquired Wildcat Civil Services, a curedin-place rehabilitation company based in Kiowa, Colorado. Wildcat provides

inside the


Housing Starts Show Significant Drop

and the


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14/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

pipeline rehabilitation services to clients along the Rocky Mountain Front Range and throughout the mid-central United States. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Wildcat acquisition joins two cured-in-place lining companies that individually bring added value, but together create significant synergies,â&#x20AC;? says Larry Purlee, president of Layneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s full-service rehabilitation business, Reynolds Inliner. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Reynolds has the Inliner technology and the capability to perform a variety of other rehabilitative services for clients, and Wildcat provides the avenue and added personnel through which we can provide those services to the western United States. The move gets Reynolds Inliner one step closer to nationwide coverage.â&#x20AC;?

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Transport Topics reported that housing starts saw their largest drop since March 1984 in January, according to the U.S. Commerce Department. Starts fell 22.5% to an annual rate of 479,000 units, the lowest since April 2009. The level was lower than economistsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; projections of a 566,000 annual rate, Bloomberg reported. Building permits, an indicator of future construction, fell 8.2% to a 517,000 annual rate, the lowest level on record. Single-family home starts, which account for about 85% of the total, decreased 12% to a 375,000 rate, the lowest since March 2009. Work on multifamily units, which is often more volatile, plunged 46% to a 104,000 rate. Starts fell in all four regions of the country. Sales of existing homes fell in February after three straight monthly increases, according to the National Association of Realtors. Homes sold at an annual rate of 4.88 million in February, down 9.6% from January and 2.8% lower than February 2010 sales.

USGS Maps Concentrations of Arsenic and Uranium

The U.S. Geological Survey released a study that indicates levels of naturally occurring arsenic and uranium exceed drinking water standards in some private drinking water wells in central and northeastern Massachusetts.

State officials are working with USGS to develop resources that will help private well users determine whether their water meets federal safety standards, and provide guidance on water testing and treatment if it doesn’t. The study can be found at www.usgs .gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=2730. NGWA members can also access a variety of free and useful ”best suggested practices” that deal with problematic concentrations of arsenic, uranium, and other constituents in the member exclusives section of www

water within residential, commercial, and institutional applications, announced the signing of a definitive agreement to acquire Danfoss Socla S.A.S., and the related water controls business of certain other entities controlled by Danfoss A/S, in a share and asset purchase transaction. The purchase agreement also provides Watts with an option to purchase the water controls business of Danfoss in China, which may be exercised prior to the closing date. The acquisition of Socla was expected to close by the end of April.

Socla is a manufacturer of a wide range of water protection valves and flow control solutions for the plumbing market and for the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning market. The company is based in France, and its products are distributed worldwide for municipal, industrial, commercial, and residential use. Socla’s annual revenue for 2010, including the water controls business in China, was approximately $135 million. Under the terms of the purchase agree-

NEWS/continues on page 16

Study Concludes CCS May Cause Leaching of Metals in Groundwater

In a study published in Environmental Science & Technology, authors Mark Little and Robert Jackson studied samples of sand and rock taken from four freshwater aquifers located around the country that overlie potential carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) sites. The scientists found tiny amounts of CO2 drove up levels of metals including manganese, cobalt, nickel, and iron in the water tenfold or more in some places. Some of these metals moved into the water quickly, within a week or two. They also observed potentially dangerous uranium and barium steadily moving into the water over the entire year-long experiment. Sally Benson, director of the Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford University, says the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s rule should protect groundwater because it will make it difficult to inject CO2 too close to a possible drinking water source. She also said the new study doesn’t present any surprises and is not likely to put an obstacle in the way of those CCS projects in the planning stages. “Really, it gets down to making sure projects are designed carefully and that the project has monitoring so that one has early warning of any CO2 movements,” Benson adds.

Watts Water Technologies Acquires Danfoss Socla

Watts Water Technologies Inc., a global manufacturer of products to control the efficiency, safety, and quality of

In Memoriam 1942 - 2011

Thomas J. Swan Jr., Chairman of the Swan Group and CEO of Flexcon Industries, passed away on March 5, 2011 in Palm Beach, Florida after a long battle with several health problems. He died peacefully with family by his side and leaves his wife Carroll, son Tom III, his brother Joseph E. Swan and family.

Tom began his business career with Emerson Swan in 1967 and thanks to his vision, leadership and energy, and along with his brother Joe, created the Swan Group, a portfolio of industry leading companies (Emerson-Swan, Flexcon, Skidmore, Global Water Solutions and Smith’s Environmental Products). While remaining active in all of the companies, Tom took particular pride in the development of Flexcon Industries. Tom’s vision drove Flexcon to introduce a brand new product design in an established market, going from a startup in 1988 to a market leader in North America. In 2003, Tom expanded the reach of Flexcon by establishing Global Water Solutions (GWS) which distributes Flexcon pressure tanks around the world. His focus on product innovation, quality and customer relationships has taken the company to a leadership position in the worldwide pressure tank market. Tom had a keen interest in every facet of the pressure tank business from manufacturing to sales and marketing. He had a unique way with people and was genuinely interested in their opinions on anything having to do with the products, installations and industry. Tom was proud that many of the features and innovations developed by Flexcon over the years were a result of listening to customers at one of the hundreds of factory tours or trade shows that he attended. Tom believed in the water systems business and as such was a strong participant in and supporter of the Water Systems Council (WSC) and the NGWA. Tom saw opportunities where others did not and was never afraid to take a risk. He had a keen sense for business, a genuine regard for people, but most importantly, integrity. These attributes are the legacy that Tom ingrained in the fabric of Flexcon Industries as well as all of the Swan Group companies.

His family, friends and associates will miss his leadership, vision, intellect, humor, caring, energy, and friendship.

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Water Well Journal May 2011 15/

NEWS/from page 15

WATER LEVEL METER This newly designed Powers Well Sounder is a transistorized instrument built to easily and accurately test the static or standing water level in a well with the pump idle, drawdown with the pump running, and recovery with the pump off. Unit does not have to be laboriously held in one hand to lower and raise the cable in and out of the well as required by most open reel models. New features include Hot Foil Marking System with Cable Permanently Imprinted with a 4 digit sequential number, marked in 1 foot or 500 millimeter increments. On/Off toggle switch, audible beeper and test switch. The unit is portable, self-contained, and trouble-free. Any length of twoconductor cable is available to 2000 feet maximum. Heavy-gauge metal case with high gloss enamel finish. Inexpensive flexible brass beaded electrode. Prompt shipment from stock on all orders, including replacement parts and repairs. Assurance of quality and satisfaction guaranteed. Brochure and Price List available upon request.



P.O. BOX 11591 Fresno, CA 93774 (559) 275-3030 Fax: (559) 275-2657 E-mail:

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16/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

ment, Watts will pay about $165 million in cash to purchase 100% of the share capital of Socla on a debt and cash free basis, plus the related water controls business assets. The purchase price is subject to a net debt and net working capital adjustment. The purchase price will be increased by approximately $4 million if Watts elects to purchase the water controls business in China. The foregoing revenue and purchase price amounts are based on the current exchange rate of the euro to the U.S. dollar. Watts intends to fund the transaction with cash on hand and borrowings under its credit facility.

Pentair Acquires Noritâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Clean Process Technologies

Pentair Inc. announced it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire the Clean Process Technologies (CPT) division, a global provider in innovative membrane technology and ultrafiltration, from privately held Norit Holding B.V. for about $705 million, plus net debt at closing. CPT is a global provider in membrane solutions and clean process technologies in the high growth water and beverage filtration and separation segments. Supported by more than a century of innovation and expertise and backed by its own proprietary technology, CPT provides sustainable purification systems and solutions for desalination, water reuse, industrial applications, and beverage segments that effectively address the increasing challenges of clean water scarcity, rising energy costs and pollution. CPTâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s product offerings include ultra-

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filtration and nanofiltration membrane technologies, aseptic valves, CO2 recovery, and control systems and specialty pumping equipment. Based in the Netherlands, CPT has almost 1200 employees and operates five production and research and development facilities. With more than 170 distributors across 100 countries, CPT has broad sales diversity with approximately 45% of revenues generated in Western Europe, 20% in Asia-Pacific, and nearly 10% in each of Latin America and the Middle East, with the balance in the rest of Europe and North America. Pentair estimates CPT fullyear 2011 sales to be greater than $350 million on a U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles basis. If you have a news brief that you would like considered for this department, send a release to Mike Price, Water Well Journal, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. E-mail: Deadline: 15th of two months preceding publication (May 15 for July issue).


Kwik-Zip Centralizers for all your casing, screen and drop pipe applications • Suits diameters 0.70” (18mm) up to 63” (1600mm) and above • Multiple bow heights-numerous ID-OD combinations • Curved profile for easy insertion into borehole/casing • Integrated rubber pads (HD Series) to prevent slippage • Rapid and simple on-site assembly • No metal parts Applications include: Pump Riser, Drop Pipe, Production Well Casing & Screen, PIP, Pipeline Cased Crossing, Rock Bolts, Soil Nails and much more For product prices and ordering information please contact Or visit us online for details of your nearest distributor at: US Warehouse: Traverse City, MI | Australasian Warehouse: Bunbury, WA kwik-ZIP® is a registered trademark of kwik-ZIP Pty Ltd Certified to ISO 9001: 2000

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National Ground Water Association and Western Michigan University’s Department of Geosciences

Hydrogeology 3-Day Field Course: Aquifer Analysis May 19-21, 2011 t Kalamazoo, Michigan You will learn how to set up, conduct, direct, and analyze aquifer and slug tests. t Instructors Willis Weight, Duane Hampton, and Dan Greene have guided hands-on training in these techniques using the right equipment for decades. t You will set up, conduct, and analyze a multiwell pump test. t You will conduct and analyze slug tests using regular and super-sized physical slugs. t You will learn to use AQTESOLV 4.5 to analyze the results of these tests. t Early registration fees are available through April 15. For more information contact: Kathy Wright, Department of Geosciences, Western Michigan University, 269 387.5486, or vist

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Water Well Journal May 2011 17/



2011 NGWA Washington Fly-in Is a Huge Success

sion (Campbell, Monitor, Monoflex, Brady, Martinson); and Myers/Pentair Water.

New Heights Scaled in 2011 Awareness Week Outreach Efforts

More than 120 NGWA members—scientists, contractors, manufacturers, and suppliers—representing 34 states descended on Washington, D.C., February 28–March 1 for the 14th Annual Ground Water Industry Legislative Conference. The individuals told the industry’s story to Congress at the event also known as the NGWA Washington Fly-in, and more importantly, they shared groundwater’s story. Each Fly-in participant listened, gathered their understanding, and composed in their own words the messages they appreciated must be delivered for the good of groundwater protection, provision, management, and remediation. The collective voices talked of the countrywide return on investment from a national groundwater monitoring network. They explained how ground-source and groundwater-source heat pump systems (also known as geothermal or geoexchange) benefit our nation’s energy needs, as well as provide an important source of diversification and business for our industry when the job is done right. They talked about the value of bringing the public’s attention to the importance of groundwater stewardship through efforts such as National Ground Water Awareness Week. Participants relayed their own stories from back home on how they provide jobs, how those jobs put dollars into their local economies, and how those dollars lead to taxes that support essential services leading to our quality of life. The key message repeated time and again was how the resource our industry provides is the drinking water source for 45% of our population. It was also stressed that this water sustains much of the agricultural irrigation that leads to food resources that feed America and many parts of the world. Pictured in the photo is Senator Herbert Kohl (D-Wisconsin) receiving the 2011 NGWA Ground Water Protector Award. From left to right are Bruce Walker, Wisconsin Well & Water Systems, Grand Marsh, Wisconsin; Don Wesdell, Baker Water Systems Division, Evansville, Wisconsin; David Haupt, MGWC, Haupt Well & Pump Co. Inc., Auburndale, Wisconsin; Senator Kohl; Jeff Beiriger, Cook & Franke SC, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Jason Hintzke, Hintzke Well Drilling Inc., New London, Wisconsin; and Dennis Crow, Water Compliance Specialist Inc., Lodi, Wisconsin. NGWA also thanks its 2011 NGWA Washington Fly-in sponsors—Sta-Rite/Pentair Water; Baker Water Systems Divi18/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

More than 300 Web sites promoted National Ground Water Awareness Week worldwide in the event’s broadest exposure of its 12-year history. The 2011 edition, March 6-12, was noteworthy in a number of ways, said Cliff Treyens, NGWA’s public awareness director. “More than ever before, Ground Water Awareness Week perpetuated itself among organizations and individuals this year. It’s firmly established as a premier national event for promoting groundwater and water well stewardship to the public,” he says. Ground Water Awareness Week has been on a steady increase as measured by hits on Web sites and social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and blogs. In 2009, more than 200 Web sites promoted the awareness week. Last year, it topped 250. In addition to cresting 300 Web sites this year, Treyens said there appeared to be more social media pickup than ever. During the 2011 NGWA Washington Fly-in, information was shared on National Ground Water Awareness Week and NGWA’s collective effort to encourage annual private well testing. Several congressional members, including Representatives Adam Kinzinger (R-Illinois), Tom Latham (R-Iowa), Mike Simpson (R-Idaho), Pat Tiberi (R-Ohio), as well as Senator Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), joined in NGWA’s efforts to raise visibility. Other 2011 highlights included: ●

● ●

Prominent Web page content on Web sites for federal agencies including the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Promotion of groundwater stewardship messages by agencies in Arizona, Hawaii, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Ohio, Texas, and Wisconsin Local promotion by government entities at the village, township, city, and county levels National promotional sponsors including the American Farm Bureau Federation, Automotive Oil Change Association, Groundwater Foundation, Ground Water Protection Council, Irrigation Association, National Association of Conservation Districts, National Association of Local Boards of Health, National Environmental Services Center, National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, American Geological Institute, International Bottled Water Association, National Rural Health Association, and American Public Health Association.

The next edition of National Ground Water Awareness Week will be March 11-17, 2012. Also, NGWA’s second annual Protect Your Groundwater Day will be held on September 13, 2011.


The Round Yellow Road Sign




he round yellow road sign is unique because it is designed to warn motorists of a deadly hazard. In a previous issue, we discussed knowing the type of information each highway sign is giving you by its shape and color before you get close enough to read it. This knowledge can be a life saver in heavy traffic or bad weather. It permits you to ignore nonessential road signs and prioritize reading road signs that have information you need to drive safely in moving traffic at that point in time on that section of highway. The round yellow sign is distinctive by its shape and color to warn approaching drivers to start slowing down for a railroad crossing ahead. At night or in bad weather when driver visibility is restricted, the round yellow sign can be a life saver for drivers and their passengers. The occupants of a vehicle struck by a train are 30 times more likely to be killed than if they were involved in a head-on collision with another vehicle. About 3500 vehicle occupants are killed or injured at railroad crossings each year. Water well drillers have to drive daily on secondary and rural roads where there are unguarded railroad crossings or secondary rail lines that could mean the crossings are not well maintained. Also, many drilling company trucks have DOT placards on them and must come to a full stop before starting across the railroad tracks. As soon as you see a round yellow railroad crossing sign ahead, start to slow down! If at night, look far down the road. Do the headlights on the approaching vehicles not seem to be moving? Possibly they are waiting for a train to pass or a train is stopped, blocking the highway. If red flashing lights are installed, they may not be working. Vehicle headlights will be fully visible under a 4-foot-high We understand how hard you’ve worked to build your ground water contracting business, and we want to help you protect it. That’s why we’ve developed a customized insurance program that meets the most important needs of your business. We offer specialized coverages,



railroad car. Train cars do not have side clearance lights or reflectors to help you see them. The typical boxcar is a drab brown or dirty red color that makes it almost invisible in rain, fog, and at night. Are the approaching vehicle lights flickering? That could be the wheels of moving railroad cars crossing the highway ahead, passing in front of the vehicle headlights. There is definitely a need to come to a full stop—start braking now! Is there a bus, large passenger van, or placarded truck ahead of you? If so, that vehicle will have to come to a full stop, so you will too. Open your window as you approach the crossing so you can hear the horn, whistle, or warning bell of an approaching train. Once at the railroad crossing, turn your head to look far down the track in both directions to check for approaching trains. If there is a number under the railroad crossbar sign, it is warning you of multiple tracks. Many drivers are killed by a second train on another track going in the same direction or the opposite direction as the train they waited on. When you are sure it is safe to cross, put your vehicle in gear and leave it in that gear until your rear wheels are well clear of the tracks. A heavy drill rig or tractor trailer can take 20 seconds or more to clear one set of tracks. A train approaching at 60 mph will cover one-third of a mile in the same time. If a train is approaching—do not gamble! Do not try to “beat” the train by crossing in front of it. If you lose, you are dead. Watch for the round yellow sign. Slow down! Then stop, look, and listen at all unguarded railroad crossings. The NGWA Safety Program Manual has more information on this and

The NGWA Safety Program Manual has more information on this and other important other topics. important yourself, employees, safety Help safety protect topics. yourself,Help your protect employees, and youryour business today by and your business todayBookstore by contacting NGWA Bookstore at 614 898.7791 contacting the NGWA at 800 the 551.7379 to order your copy. In addition, members of other members free safety can tips by logging in to the Members to order can youraccess copy.dozens In addition, access dozens of other free Only section of the NGWA Web site,, and clicking on Safety Fact safety tips by logging in to the member exclusives section of the NGWA Sheets. Cut this out and post at your office so your company can promote Web site, and clicking on “safety fact sheets.” safety, day.

like downhole coverage, that are designed exclusively for the groundwater industry. Also, additional premium credits are available for NGWA-certified contractors. Endorsed by the National Ground Water Association, the program offers the financial

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Water Well Journal May 2011 19/





Retired Air Force Pilot Selected 2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo Keynote Speaker

Brian Shul, retired Air Force pilot, author, and photographer, has been selected as the keynote speaker at the 2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo. Shul has captivated audiences nationwide with his motivating story of perseverance and triumph over tragedy. His phenomenal comeback story—from lying near dead in the jungle of Southeast Asia to later flying the world’s fastest, highest flying jet—has been the subject of numerous magazine articles and an inspiration to many. To learn more about Shul, visit Learn more about the Expo by visiting

NGWA Organizes Wide Variety of Field Offerings for Spring and Summer The NGWA Professional Development department has several different options for you to grow in your career this spring and summer. It has a cooperative program with Western Michigan University titled “NGWA and Western Michigan University’s Department of Geosciences’ Hydrogeology Field Short Course: Aquifer Analysis” that will take place May 19-21. Upcoming offerings this summer include a program for new hires and new professionals who want to enhance their resumes and a field school for earth science teachers. To learn more about these offerings, visit calendar.aspx.

Drilling Safety Video Provides Valuable Information in Entertaining Fashion A 30-minute DVD, Drill Safe, Drill Smart, is available online in the NGWA Bookstore. Produced in collaboration with the video production company, Training Without Boredom, the video premiered —and sold out!—at the 2010 NGWA

Ground Water Expo in Las Vegas. Drill Safe, Drill Smart was produced in an informative but fun fashion that keeps those watching alert to the important details. Suitable to the drilling of both domestic water supply and environmental wells because many of the same hazards apply, the video is not just for new drill crew employees, but also seasoned workers who may need a refresher on safe practices. A video clip can be viewed online at Drill Safe, Drill Smart covers the most common causes of accidents at the drill site: ● ● ● ● ●

Slips, trips, and falls Materials handling Chemicals Machine guarding Electrocution. The DVD also highlights:

The ins and outs of safety assessment ● Safe site selection ● Personal protective equipment ● Mobilizing for the site ● Rig setup, including locking and leveling. To learn more, visit the NGWA Bookstore at, or call (800) 551-7379 or (614) 898-7791. ●

Stay Connected with NGWA


Follow the National Ground Water Association on . . . Twitter




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Time Will Tell


More than a year since the largest oil spill in history, the impact on groundwater from the Deepwater Horizon explosion still isn’t known.

By Mike Price

t took a man-made disaster to topple a celebrity from the top spot on Yahoo Inc.’s annual list of most popular Web search requests. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that flowed for three months last year drew the most interest among the tens of millions of people who used Yahoo’s search engine during 2010, surpassing the likes of Miley Cyrus and Britney Spears. Countless images gripped a nation following the largest accidental oil spill in history that stemmed from a seafloor oil gusher caused by the April 20, 2010 explosion of Deepwater Horizon, which drilled on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. Today, while it hasn’t completely escaped America’s consciousness, national interest seems to have waned, no doubt due to the lack of follow-up media coverage. The impact of the spill, though, continues even after the well has been capped. It remains to be seen what true breadth the oil spill will have on groundwater and will likely take years to fully appreciate it. The effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill more than 20 years ago are still being felt, with some


Mike Price is the associate editor of Water Well Journal. In addition to his WWJ responsibilities, Price produces NGWA’s newsletters and contributes to the Association’s quarterly scientific publication. He can be reached at

reporting that 30% of the damaged species have yet to recover. In this article, the impact on groundwater will be evaluated in relation to the hydrology of the coastal marsh and barrier island ecosystems, trash landfills where oil-soaked debris was dumped, and the Gulf beach shoreline.  Saline groundwater in the marsh and barrier island ecosystems may have been impacted in areas where the oil came ashore. The ecosystem balance has certainly been impacted because marsh grasses and animals using it as habitat have been killed. In the marsh, according to Robert Conger, Ph.D., senior hydrogeologist for BASF Corp. in Prairieville, Louisiana, the microbiota may have been impacted as well in the shallow aerobic regions of the soil along with the anaerobic regions below. Wetlands by definition, these soils would be only slightly above sea level and would be considered “flooded” most of the year. “Keep in mind that both the aerobic and anaerobic zones are flooded with groundwater and are truly very thin zones,” Conger says. “Soil reductionoxidation would be a good indicator of the biological processes occurring in these soils containing groundwater. One would expect that the microorganisms in the aerobic soil zone should explode in population if they see the oil as food or the reverse if the oil is toxic to them. Respiration of the microorganisms can render areas of the soil anoxic.”

Natural nutrient cycles in the wetlands become disrupted when they are deprived of oxygen and conditions can become septic. When the natural cycle is disrupted, the impact is to the grasses and animals using the area as habitat. Thus, there are many related impacts to oil spill areas. Loss of the grasses not only is loss of food and habitat to the animals in the ecosystem, but enhances the loss of soils through coastal erosion. Loss of the coastal marshes is also a direct loss of storm (hurricane) buffer protection to inland areas. “This scenario would be the most likely impact of the oil spill, in which groundwater plays an important role,” Conger believes. “Groundwater, as I am speaking of here, is not producible in significant quantity by wells and would certainly not be potable by our drinking water standards. If there is an impact— and I could believe there is—it’s in the shallow soils and groundwater in the coastal marshes and barrier islands.” In addition, coastal Louisiana aquifers have been overcome by saltwater intrusion all across the coastline. The repeated hurricane storm surges that drove saltwater inland and left it to soak into the ground—coupled to high water extraction for irrigation, a subsiding landscape, and potential effects from oil and gas drilling—have not been healthy for coastal aquifers. Making matters worse, some parts of New Orleans sit 3 to 6 feet below sea level, so the hydraulic head is not in the OIL SPILL/continues on page 24

Water Well Journal May 2011 23/

OIL SPILL/from page 23 aquifer’s favor. The Baton Rouge drinking water supply is protected by a fault line that runs parallel to the coast across Baton Rouge and inhibits saltwater creep into that aquifer. As such, some consider the oil that contaminated marsh pore spaces insignificant to the greater concern for potable water supplies in a sinking landscape.  News coverage of oil-contaminated debris and sand that was transported to government-approved trash landfills, some of which were already dealing with environmental issues, was spotlighted in the aftermath of the oil spill. More than 50,000 tons of the soft, absorbent boom that played such a crucial role in containing the spill, along with oily debris, made its way to landfills or incinerators in late August of last summer, representing about 7% of the daily volume going to nine area landfills, according to the Associated Press. At that time, some experts questioned adding crude-covered refuse

to landfills since it is uncertain when potential problems could surface. The impact of groundwater if contaminants leach past trash liners was among their chief concerns. Weathered oil, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, is less toxic than fresh oil, but it can still contain some levels of benzene and other hazardous chemicals. Experts say it is too early to tell if potential hazards from oil waste would be worse than any risks already in the landfills, with it dependent upon the volume of the Gulf trash and how industrial chemicals already present interact. However, EPA Assistant Administrator Mathy Stanislaus, who oversees the agency’s waste management plans, told the Associated Press that the landfills can handle the oily waste properly. “The landfills . . . have the system in place, the kind of liner, the kind of monitoring systems to manage this so that there are not environmental impacts,” Stanislaus says. “If there are any issues of concern, we will revisit.”

Colin Coyne, a LEED 2.0 accredited professional in Birmingham, Alabama, would have preferred to address the oil cleanup on-site by removing it from the ecosystem. “It’s an issue that is going to crop up not just in the landfills, but in places where things were cleaned and where things were transported and stored,” Coyne says. “I think potentially the most fascinating issue is if the EPA ever comes out and announces what the acceptable level of hydrocarbon is on a beach—and nobody has come out with that number— which to me is the missing link here. . . . If the EPA were to hold all condominium owners to the same standard that they hold commercial developers, you know you’re looking at least at a Phase II Environmental Site Assessment and possibly remediation all up and down the Gulf of Mexico.”  As the oil slick in the Gulf moved along the shoreline, beaches closed and fishing was banned. The oil slick left a nasty trail in its wake.

USGS Hydrogeologist Helps Save Gulf of Mexico from More Damage with Use of Cell Phone Photo A study from the presidential oil spill commission released last year revealed a single photo from a mobile phone may have saved the Gulf of Mexico from a few more weeks, let alone months, of oil gushing from the BP well. Paul Hsieh, a U.S. Geological Survey hydrogeologist and a member of the National Ground Water Association, used that mobile phone photo sent to him from a colleague and convinced the government that a well cap it considered removing was in fact working as designed. Installed in mid-July, the cap that eventually stopped the oil from flowing was almost pulled after about a day because the pressure readings appeared so low, indicating a leak somewhere else in the system. The report says BP wanted the cap left in place and the well to stay shut, but government Paul Hsieh, science advisers were unyielding in wanting the USGS research cap removed for fear of a more disastrous spill. hydrogeologist Only using a cell phone photo, Hsieh worked from his office in Menlo Park, California, to calibrate and create a reservoir model. The model he created explained what was happening under the cap and how despite low pressure readings, there was no leak. Hsieh, a research hydrogeologist who normally works with water, was one of seven scientists requested by USGS Director Marcia McNutt to assist with the crisis in Houston, Texas. Working on adrenaline throughout the night, checking calculations, he presented his case that persuaded the other scientists to wait. 24/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

The cap held after six hours, then a day. Hsieh’s analysis was correct. “I was glad I was able to make a contribution to that effort,” Hsieh says humbly. “There was a lot of overlap of information that allows somebody who specializes in well test analysis to use the knowledge from groundwater and apply it to oil wells.” Since the crisis Hsieh has spoken at several universities, detailing his four fundamental beliefs when science is being used to make decisions in a crisis situation: ● ● ● ●

Understand the fundamentals so you can apply it to a different situation. Practice and know the skills so you can utilize them when needed. Don’t make mistakes. Be transparent in the presentation of results.

“Science is only one issue when it comes to making decisions in a crisis situation,” Hsieh says, “and I think I got a much better appreciation of that, having seen what was going on in the background.” __________________ Hsieh published a paper for NGWA’s publication for groundwater hydrogeologists, Ground Water, titled “Application of MODFLOW for Oil Reservoir Simulation During the Deepwater Horizon Crisis.” NGWA members can access it for free by visiting

More than a year later, beaches have reopened and the fishing ban has lifted, helping the tourism industry enjoy this spring and get back on its feet. On the surface everything appears to be fine, but looks can be deceiving. That is the sentiment felt by Bobby Hulsey, who served as safety oversight manager for a subcontractor of the Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health, a science-based consulting firm contracted by BP. “Those oil dispersant chemicals they sprayed at night sank the oil, so I’m telling you, you’re still seeing stories of oil washing up on the beach or tar mats or tarballs,” Hulsey says. “There are still some algae blooms in the bay when the tide goes out, which is caused from a depreciation of air.” The oil spill hit close to home for Hulsey, who has a beach house on Ono Island in Orange Beach, Alabama, on the northern Gulf of Mexico. He became 40-hour certified by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration through its Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard (HAZWOPER) and went to work for three-plus months. Hulsey put in 14- to 16-hour days on the beach, noting that the Gulf Coast was already an environmentally sensitive area before the oil spill struck. Many point to the Exxon Valdez oil spill to serve as precedent, but that happened in still water and was a surface leak, whereas the Deepwater Horizon oil spill started at the bottom of the ocean and rose to the top. “You have winds and tides come in and all they do is keep washing the oil over,” Hulsey says. “The hotter it got, the worse the oil was to handle. There’s no telling how deep in the sand it got.” WWJ

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Water Well Journal May 2011 25/


Sara Gann Unitra Inc. Since the May issue of Water Well Journal focuses on pumps, we decided to chat with Sara Gann, president of Unitra Inc., a family-owned and operated global pump manufacturer based in Stafford, Texas. Gann’s husband, John, has worked at Unitra for 15 years, is the company’s vice president, and serves in the U.S. military. Unitra was founded in 1970 by Sara’s father, Nami K. Sukun, in New York City to export light industrial equipment. The company experienced success in selling 4- and 6inch submersible pumps and motors. In 1971, Sukun left the partnership to establish his own manufacturing com- Sara Gann, president pany that within a of Unitra Inc. short period of time became successful in the manufacture and marketing of self-priming engine-driven contractor pumps as well as end suction pumps throughout the Middle East and North Africa. In 1981, Unitra, formerly known as Equiptex Corp., produced the first 100% die cast aluminum engine-driven selfpriming pump in the world. The company collaborated with affiliates in Italy during the 1980s to create top-of-theline tooling and sold several thousand pumps annually to major manufacturers in the United States. The company purchased the tooling and patterns for the


Mike Price is the associate editor of Water Well Journal. In addition to his WWJ responsibilities, Price produces NGWA’s newsletters and contributes to the Association’s quarterly scientific publication. He can be reached at

26/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

4- and 6-inch submersible pump line from Peabody Barnes in 1989 and relocated to its present facility in Stafford, Texas. Sara grew up in New York City and earned a Bachelor of Science degree from St. John’s University. She and her brother, Bill, joined their father when he moved the business to Texas. Sadly, Bill died of malignant melanoma in 2003. It was that same year when Sara earned a Master of Business Administration from the University of Houston. John and Sara have two children, a 15-yearold son and 13-year-old daughter. Their son attends a high school engineering magnet program that their daughter also plans to attend next year. Water Well Journal: What’s been the toughest challenge you’ve faced so far as president of Unitra? Sara Gann: The loss of my father, Nami Sukun, who was also my mentor and the founder of Equiptex Corp. in New York in 1970 and Unitra Inc. in Texas. It was his vision to see the American dream fulfilled and his manufacturing business continue for generations to come. Managing costs during a volatile economic climate (metals prices, oil/gas, etc.) has certainly been challenging. Unitra has castings still made in the United States and machined, assembled, and packaged from our plant in Stafford, Texas, and exported across the entire globe. It can be tough at times, but it is something I am very proud of. Last but not least, balancing work and parenthood and family life. WWJ: Has there been one aspect of the job that has surprised you? Sara: It’s difficult to pinpoint one because Unitra, like most places, can be very hectic. I can honestly say that I have benefited in this aspect from my exposure and privilege to work alongside my father who was such a dynamic individual since I was a small child

Unitra was founded in 1970 by Sara’s late father, Nami K. Sukun. Sara and her husband, John, are shown exhibiting with him at a Texas Ground Water Association convention.

doing telexes on weekends to working together on a daily basis for more than 25 years. WWJ: Based on the most current U.S. Census reports, shipments of domestic water systems, including their drivers, declined to 1,000,669 in 2009, a 14 percent decline from 2008. Did this impact Unitra? If so, how? Sara: I do not know anyone domestically who wasn’t adversely impacted. 2009 was devastating for many folks, and we were very fortunate to have diverse operations in our small family business, exporting U.S. goods to several countries across five continents. Additionally, we had a new facility in Canada, Unitra Canada (established in 2008). Our diversified operations, coupled with very conservative principles, enabled us to weather the storm in 2009. WWJ: What kind of advice would you give someone to survive these tough times? Sara: Simply put, be fiscally conservative. Although our industry has been adversely impacted and many others as well, I also think though that ultimately

the market will recover and we need to remain focused on our core businesses today and the future of our industry. I believe that our industry, which is comprised of many small family businesses such as Unitra, is ultimately a very critical part of our economic recovery by investing in the communities in which we live. WWJ: Do you think the first quarter of 2011 has shown any signs of a recovery? Sara: Yes, I think the market is definitely showing improvement. We have had a great start to this year, yet I remain cautious because I believe there is too much global volatility in many markets and on many levels. Recovery may not be as swift as everyone would like. I think we still have our work cut out for us as a nation to enjoy real economic growth in the long term. WWJ: Unitra sells a variety of sizes of submersible and vertical turbine pumps. Has there been one type of pump or one particular size that has done well through these difficult economic times? Sara: I could not say that, but we have noticed that there is an increased demand for small self-priming enginedriven products. WWJ: Have you seen any new trends developing in the pump industry over the past few years? If not, do you see any trends taking place in the future? Sara: Currently, we are seeing an increase in demand for surface water products in general. In the future we anticipate a growing demand for these products. I do think the green movement will be more prevalent in the future as new ideas develop. WWJ: What are the big advancements you’ve seen in the pump industry over the last few years and what do you see for the future? Sara: The advancements we have seen in the pump industry are more materials-based as we have evolved from iron/bronze to more carbon fiber and plastics materials. The physics of the pump are fairly constant; the materials, however, continue to evolve as we seek healthier and more efficient options. WWJ: Lastly, what do you think are the critical issues facing the groundwater industry today?

“We should all be looking to how we can improve our products’ manufacture and functionality.” Sara: Beyond the devastating economic crisis, including but not limited to government budgets, weak construction, and housing starts, I believe water quality and water rights are big global issues. Water quality—as a citizen and a mother of two great kids, I worry about

the future of our water supply and what we are leaving for future generations. We should all be looking to how we can improve our products’ manufacture and functionality. Water rights will be a very interesting debate for the future. WWJ

To read more about pumps and pumprelated articles, visit WWJ ’s page on the National Ground Water Association’s Web site at wwj/index.aspx.



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133 Enterprise St. Evansville, WI 53536 (608) 882-5100 (608) 882-6776 fax

See our ad on back cover

American Granby Inc.

American Marsh Pumps

Baker Water Systems Division

A.Y. McDonald Manufacturing Co. P.O. Box 508 Dubuque, IA 52004 (563) 583-7311 (800) 832-9296 fax Brand names manufactured under: A.Y. McDonald See our ad on page 4

Bernt Lorentz GmbH & Co. KG Kroegerskoppel 7 D-24558 Henstedt-Ulzburg, Germany +49 (0) 4193-7548-0 +49 (0) 4193-7548-29 fax Brand names manufactured under: Lorentz See our ad on back cover

(Other*â&#x20AC;&#x201D;describes a pump type or feature not shown on the grid beginning on page 40.) 28/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

CentriPro/ITT 2881 East Bayard St. Seneca Falls, NY 13148 (315) 568-2811 Brand names manufactured under: CentriPro

ChemGrout Inc. 805 East 31st St. LaGrange Park, IL 60526 (708) 354-7112 (708) 354-3881 fax

Clean Earth Technology Inc. 445 Long Point Rd. North Ferrisburgh, VT 05473 (802) 425-3710 (802) 425-2896 fax

DeepRock Manufacturing 2209 Anderson Rd. Opelika, AL 36801 (800) 633-8798 (334) 749-3377 (334) 749-5601 fax Brand names manufactured under: DeepRock, Rupe

Flint & Walling Inc.

Flowserve 1341 West 2nd St. P.O. Box 668 Hastings, NE 68901 (800) 437-8671 (402) 462-8512 fax Brand names manufactured under: Byron Jackson, Flowserve, Pleuger, Western Land Roller, Worthington

Geo-Loop Inc. 316 East 9th St. Aurelia, IA 51005 (712) 434-2125 (712) 434-2115 fax Brand names manufactured under: Geo-Loop (Other*â&#x20AC;&#x201D;grout pump)

Franklin Electric 400 East Spring St. Bluffton, IN 46714 (260) 824-2900 (260) 824-2909 fax Brand names manufactured under: FPS, J-Class, Little Giant, Schaefer See our ad on page 12

Geoprobe Systems 601 North Broadway Salina, KS 67401 (800) 436-7762 (785) 825-2097 fax Brand names manufactured under: Geoprobe See our ads on pages 21 and 73

Fredâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Water Service Inc. 2638 Townline Rd. Madison, OH 44057 (440) 259-5436 (440) 259-4795 fax Brand names manufactured under: Du-All Pumps

Geotech Environmental Equipment Inc. 2650 East 40th Ave. Denver, CO 80205 (800) 833-7958 (303) 322-7242 fax Brand names manufactured under: Geotech

95 North Oak St. Kendallville, IN 46755 (260) 347-1600 (260) 347-6664 fax Brand names manufactured under: Flint & Walling, F&W

Water Well Journal May 2011 29/

Goulds Pumps/ITT 2881 East Bayard St. Seneca Falls, NY 13148 (315) 568-2811 Brand names manufactured under: Balanced Flow, CentriPro, HydroPro, Irri-Gator, SumpThing

Liberty Process Equipment Inc.

Hydromatic/Pentair Water 293 Wright St. Delavan, WI 53115 (888) 957-8677 (800) 426-9446 fax Brand names manufactured under: Hydromatic

Grundfos Pumps Corp. 17100 West 118th Terrace Olathe, KS 66061 (913) 227-3400 (913) 227-3500 fax Brand names manufactured under: Grundfos See our ad on page 57

IMPO 166 Sokak No: 3 Ayrancilar 35860 Izmir Turkey +90-232-854-8585 +90-232-854-8586 fax

2525 Clearbrook Dr. Arlington Heights, IL 60005 (847) 640-7867 (847) 640-7855 fax Brand names manufactured under: Liberty Process, Shanley Pump & Equipment

Liberty Pumps 7000 Apple Tree Ave. Bergen, NY 14416 (800) 543-2550 (585) 494-1839 fax Brand names manufactured under: Liberty Pumps

Brand names manufactured under: IMPO

Hitachi America Ltd. MudPuppy International

1000 Marina Blvd. Brisbane, CA 94005 (650) 244-7673 (650) 244-7600 fax

Indar Mรกquinas Hidrรกulicas

Hydroflo Pumps USA Inc. 7118 Loblolly Pine Blvd. Fairview, TN 37062 (615) 799-9662 (615) 799-5654 fax Brand names manufactured under: Hydroflo Pumps USA See our ad on inside front cover

Barrio Altamira, Pol. Txara S/N Beasain, Spain 20200 +34-943-028200 +34-943-028203 fax

P.O. Box 2675 Apple Valley, CA 92307 (760) 961-1160 (760) 961-1126 fax Brand names manufactured under: Sand Guzzler See our ad on pages 2 and 3

Brand names manufactured under: Indar See our ad on page 78

Lancaster Pump & Water Treatment 1340 Manheim Pike Lancaster, PA 17601 (717) 397-3521 (717) 392-0266 fax Brand names manufactured under: City Boss, Keystone, Premier Pressure, Survivor

Mud Technology International Inc. 2610 Highway 31 West P.O. Box 509 Athens, TX 75751 (903) 675-3240 (903) 675-7837 fax Brand names manufactured under: Mud Technology See our ad on page 11

30/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Peace of mind comes with membership.

No one likes to think about the possibility of it happening to them. But, in spite of all the precautions and protections put in place to prevent them, accidents can— and unfortunately do—happen. With NGWA membership, contractors and suppliers are enrolled in a $50,000 accidental death and dismemberment insurance policy. Become an NGWA member today and get some peace of mind— for yourself—and your loved ones. For more information on this AD&D insurance policy, as well as all the other many benefits of NGWA membership, visit or call NGWA customer service at 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791) Monday through Friday 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. ET.

The AD&D policy offered through NGWA contractor/supplier membership is underwritten by Life Insurance Company of North America, a CIGNA company.

Circle card no. 39

Myers/Pentair Water 293 Wright St. Delavan, WI 53115 (888) 987-8677 (800) 426-9446 fax Brand names manufactured under: Myers

National Oilwell Varco 11300 Windfern Rd. Houston, TX 77064 (281) 517-3100 (281) 517-0340 fax Brand names manufactured under: Bear, Gaso, Halco, Magnum, Mission, National, Oilwell, Omega, Wheatley, 2500 Supreme

Circle card no. 62




%UDVV 7DQN 7HHV ZLWK +HDY\'XW\ 8QLRQ 1XW %$781   7HH [  %$781   7HH [  %$781   7HH [ 

*UD\ 39& 3UHVVXUH 5HOLHI 9DOYH 39&359   0,3 [  ),3


39&%'*   0,3 39&%'*   0,3 39& 6FK 


National Pump Co. 7706 North 71st Ave. Glendale, AZ 85303 (623) 979-3560 (623) 979-2177 fax Brand names manufactured under: National Pump Company

*UD\ 39& 7DQN 7HH 39&$7& 7DQN &RQQHFWLRQ   0,3 /DWHUDO   0,3  6/,3 2YHUDOO /HQJWK   'UDLQ +ROHV   

See our ad on inside back cover





Circle card no. 32

32/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Not only has the Foremost Dual Rotary repeatedly proven its ability in some of the toughest overburden formations, its versatility in a variety of applications keeps the DR ahead of the competition. t t t t t t t

Two independently-operated rotary drives for simultaneous drilling & casing Uses conventional tools Enables greater casing depths Lower drive casing rotation results in very straight holes Minimizes sidewall friction, casing, and joint stress Pull back casing using the lower drive to expose well screens or abandon wells simply Directly-connected hydraulic feed systems means easy maintenance

t t

Control of discharge for sampling, environmental, or safety reasons Continue to drill open hole after reaching casing depth without tripping out or changing tools

Drill open-hole like always. Drill overburden like

never before.

Foremost Dual Rotary Drills are now mounted on 2011 Kenworth T800 Tier 4 compliant chassis.

Circle card no. 12

Foremost Industries LP Tel: 403.295.5800 Fax: 403.295.5810 1225 64th Ave NE, Calgary, Alberta CANADA T2E 8P9

1.403.295.5800 or visit

Paranaa Pumps 37 Thottipalayam Rd. Chinniampalayam Post Coimbatore 641062 India +91-422-262-7859 +91-422-325-7859 +91-422-262-7919 fax Brand names manufactured under: Dharani, Paranaa

Pentair Water 293 Wright St. Delavan, WI 53115 (262) 728-5551 (262) 728-7323 fax Brand names manufactured under: Aermotor, Berkeley, Hydromatic, Myers, Sta-Rite See our ad on page 7

PM srl Via E. Fermi, 43/45 36071 Arzignano Vicenza, Italy +39-0444-673043 +39-0666-677273 fax Brand names manufactured under: PM

Pompco Inc. 345 North Labbe Blvd. Victoriaville, QC Canada G6P 1B1 (819) 263-1581 (819) 758-1581 (819) 758-4837 fax

Pulsafeeder Inc. 27101 Airport Rd. Punta Gorda, FL 33982 (941) 575-3800 (941) 575-4085 fax Brand names manufactured under: Chem-Tech, Mec-O-Matic, Omni, Pulsatron

Pumps America Inc. (DAB Pumps Division) 3226 Benchmark Dr. Ladson, SC 29456 (888) 797-5002 (843) 697-4970 Brand names manufactured under: DAB Pumps, Tesla Submersible Motors, WACS Electronic Controls

Red Jacket Water Products/ITT 58 Wright Ave. Auburn, NY 13021 (315) 568-2811 Brand names manufactured under: Big Flo, CentriPro, Enduro, Grizzly, Hydro Servant, Water Bear

R.E. Rupe Co. 441 West Keota St. Ottumwa, IA 52501 (641) 682-7029 Brand names manufactured under: Rupe Pumps

Brand names manufactured under: Pompco Circle card no. 22

34/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Circle card no. 60

Simple Pump Co.

Robbco Pumps Inc. 12610 North FM 400 Idalou, TX 79329 (806) 749-7475 (806) 892-2922 fax Brand names manufactured under: Robbco Pumps

1140 Amarillo Dr. Gardnerville, NV 89460 (877) 492-8711 (775) 265-4908 (888) 826-1444 fax Brand names manufactured under: Simple Pump (Other*—lever-arm backup beside existing submersible, lever-arm convertible to solar)

Solar Power & Pump Co. 301 West 12th St. Elk City, OK 73644 (580) 225-1704 (580) 225-1120 fax Brand names manufactured under: SunRotor

See our ad on page 77

Smith & Loveless Inc. Rovatti A. & Figli Pompe S.p.A. Via Trento 22/24 Fabbrico (Reggio Emilia) 42042 Italy +39-0522-665000 +39-0522-665020 fax Brand names manufactured under: Rovatti Pompe

14040 Santa Fe Trail Dr. Lenexa, KS 66215 (913) 888-5201 (913) 894-0488 fax Brand names manufactured under: Formula X Wet Well Mounted Pump Station, S&L Pump, S&L I-Series Pump (Other*—immersible pumps)

Solinst Canada Ltd. 35 Todd Rd. Georgetown, ON Canada L7G 4R8 (905) 873-2255 (905) 873-1992 fax Brand names manufactured under: Integra Bladder Pumps (Other*—bladder pumps, double valve pumps)

SRS Crisafulli Inc.

Saer Elettropompe S.p.A. Via Circonvallazione 22 Guastalla (RE) 42016 Italy +39-0522-830941 +39-0522-826948 fax Brand names manufactured under: Saer Elettropompe

SMP Pumps 8901 Highway 87, Unit 16 Lubbock, TX 79423 (806) 748-6040 Brand names manufactured under: SMP Pumps See our ad on page 69

1610 Crisafulli Dr. P.O. Box 1051 Glendive, MT 59330 (406) 365-3393 (406) 365-8088 fax Brand names manufactured under: Crisafulli

Stairs Industrial Co. Ltd. No. 3-8, Sanchial Tsun Lutsao Hsiang Chiayi Hsien, Taiwan +886-5-375-1936 +886-5-375-2330 fax Brand names manufactured under: Stairs

36/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Become a Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller. Set yourself head and shoulders above the rest. NGWA’s Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller—CVCLD— designation demonstrates to your customers that you’ve taken that extra step to set yourself head and shoulders above the competition when it comes to the construction of closed loop well systems for ground source heat pump applications. Prove your knowledge, skills, and competency by passing a 75-question multiple-choice exam. Call PSI LaserGrade, the administrator of NGWA’s certification exams, at 800 211.2754 (360 896.9111 outside the United States) to schedule your exam at any one of its more than 1,000 locations.



national ground water association


For more information on the CVCLD, as well as other certifications offered through NGWA, visit or call NGWA customer service at 800 551.7379 or 614 898.7791.

Circle card no. 36

Tesla srl

Sta-Rite/Pentair Water 293 Wright St. Delavan, WI 53115 (888) 782-7483 (800) 426-9446 fax Brand names manufactured under: Sta-Rite

Stenner Pump Co. 3174 Desalvo Rd. Jacksonville, FL 32246 (904) 641-1666 (904) 642-1012 fax Brand names manufactured under: Stenner

Via del Lavoro, 3 36060 San Germano, Italy +39-0444-768511 +39-0444-768505 fax

Well Pumps S.A. Avenue de Lambusart 18 6220 Fleures, Belgium +32-7146-0783 +32-7146-0771 fax Brand names manufactured under: WPS, WPS-CP

Unitra Inc. 12601 Exchange Dr. Stafford, TX 77477 (281) 240-1500 (281) 240-4334 fax Brand names manufactured under: Unitra See our ad on page 35

Whale Water Systems 91 Manchester Valley Rd. Manchester Center, VT 05255 (802) 367-1091 (802) 367-1095 fax Brand names manufactured under: Whale

Waterra USA Sumoto SRL Via Peripoli ReG 1/3 36075 Alte di Montecchio, Italy +39-0444-490515 +39-0444-490518 fax See our ad on page 74

4252 Spring Creek Lane, Unit B Bellingham, WA 98226 (360) 738-3366 (360) 738-3399 fax Brand names manufactured under: Proactive, Waterra (Other*â&#x20AC;&#x201D;inertial pumps) See our ad on page 10

Swiss Pump Co. AG Moosweg 36 3645 Thun-Gwatt, Switzerland +41-33-223-1100 +41-33-223-1122 fax Brand names manufactured under: SPCO

Webtrol Pumps 8417 New Hampshire Ave. St. Louis, MO 63123 (314) 631-9200 Brand names manufactured under: Webtrol

Windmill 702 LLC 702 Enterprise St., Ste. #1 Laredo, TX 78045 (956) 717-2900 (956) 717-2933 fax Brand names manufactured under: The WindEngine 702 See our ad on page 32

Wolf Pumps P.O. Box 490 Abernathy, TX 79311 (806) 298-2514 (806) 298-2114 fax Brand names manufactured under: Wolf

38/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

SEMCO INC. P.O. Box 1216

7695 U.S. Hwy 287 N

Lamar, Colorado 81052

800-541-1562 719-336-9006

Fax 719-336-2402 ●

S20,000 SEMCO Pump Hoist, 48⬘ Derrick Extension, Air Shift PTO Direct Mount Pump, Hydro Breakout Cylinder w/Valve, 2 Speed Winch w/Grooved Drum, 2-Auxiliary Hydraulic Valves, Hydraulic Oil Cooler 12VDC, Light Kit for Mast, Power Arm, Power Tong Hookup w/Air, 20⬘ Steel Flatbed, Factory Mounting w/Hydraulic Oil, Painted Blue, 2-96⬙ Toolboxes, Mounted on Customer’s Freightliner Truck Solansky Welding & Pump 501 W. Zavala Crystal City, TX 78839


Excellent for breaking pipe, shaft, and tubing on turbine pumps. Adjustable Torque, 4-Serrated Rollers w/Clean Out Slots, Hydraulic Operated w/High Torque Charlynn Motors Model#

Pipe Size







Circle card no. 51

See Our Classified Ad on Page 86.

2011 Pump Buyers Guide


Package Lift Station

Mini Bladder Direct Push


Magnetic Drive Sealless


Jet Adapters



Inline Chemical Mixers

Hydrostatic Test

Hand and Pitcher




Corrosive Environments 316 SS Pumps

Controllerless Pneumatic

Constant Pressure

Aermotor/Pentair Water

Chemical Feed

Company Name


Pump Types Manufactured

Aermotor Windmill American Granby American Marsh Pumps

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

American West Windmill & Solar ⻬

AMS A.Y. McDonald Mfg.

Baker Water Systems Division

Berkeley/Pentair Water

Bernt Lorentz

⻬ ⻬

CentriPro/ITT ChemGrout Clean Earth Technology ⻬

DeepRock Mfg. Flint & Walling

Flowserve Franklin Electric

Fred’s Water Service Geo-Loop Geoprobe Systems

Geotech Environmental Equipment

Goulds Pumps/ITT

Grundfos Pumps

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

Hitachi America Hydroflo Pumps USA

40/ May 2011 Water Well Journal


Well Seal Vents



1–90 gpm

1–24 gpm





100–12,000 gpm






5–1000 gpm

5–15.5 gpm



1–90 gpm

1–24 gpm

12–710 gpm










5–400 gpm

5–22 gpm



5–1000 gpm

5–30 gpm









1.2–120 gpm


2–1100 gpm

2–21 gpm



5–5000 gpm




Vertical Turbine

Submersible, Motors

Transfer Recirculation

Submersible, Industrial/Irrigation


Submersible, Domestic




Side Slope Riser– Horizontal/Vertical

Pump Sizes

Septic/Effluent Filters




Positive Displacement– Piston/Plunger


Pump Types Manufactured

⻬ ⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬


⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

* — See under company’s information on page 29.

Water Well Journal May 2011 41/

2011 Pump Buyers Guide

Hydromatic/Pentair Water

Package Lift Station


Mini Bladder Direct Push


Magnetic Drive Sealless


Jet Adapters



Inline Chemical Mixers

Hydrostatic Test

Hand and Pitcher




Corrosive Environments 316 SS Pumps

Controllerless Pneumatic

Constant Pressure

Chemical Feed

Company Name


Pump Types Manufactured

IMPO Indar Máquinas Hidráulicas Lancaster Pump & Water Treatment

Liberty Process Equipment

⻬ ⻬

Liberty Pumps

⻬ ⻬

MudPuppy International Mud Technology International Myers/Pentair Water

⻬ ⻬

National Oilwell Varco National Pump

Paranaa Pumps

Pentair Water

PM Pompco


⻬ ⻬

Pumps America

Red Jacket Water Products/ITT

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬ ⻬

R.E. Rupe Robbco Pumps

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

Rovatti A. & Figli Pompe Saer Elettropompe

⻬ ⻬

Simple Pump Smith & Loveless

SMP Pumps

42/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬


5–90 gpm

1–31 gpm





0–500 gpm


50–1000 gpm


1–80 gpm

1–24 gpm



5–12,500 gpm

5–64 gpm

2.5–343 gpm


1–90 gpm

1–24 gpm



5–230 gpm

3–24 gpm



5–350 gpm

5–50 gpm





40–10,000 gpm


8–4000 gpm


2–3194 gpm

2.6–44 gpm







5–2200 gpm


⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬


1.5–1800 gpm




200–35,000 gpm




Well Seal Vents


Vertical Turbine

Transfer Recirculation


Submersible, Motors

Submersible, Industrial/Irrigation

Submersible, Domestic




Side Slope Riser– Horizontal/Vertical

Pump Sizes

Septic/Effluent Filters




Positive Displacement– Piston/Plunger


Pump Types Manufactured

* * — See under company’s information on page 36.

Water Well Journal May 2011 43/

2011 Pump Buyers Guide

Solar Power & Pump ⻬

Solinst Canada

SRS Crisafulli Stairs Industrial

Sta-Rite/Pentair Water

Stenner Pump Sumoto Swiss Pump

Tesla Unitra

Waterra USA Webtrol Pumps

Well Pumps Whale Water Systems

⻬ ⻬

Windmill 702 Wolf Pumps

44/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Package Lift Station


Mini Bladder Direct Push


Magnetic Drive Sealless


Jet Adapters



Inline Chemical Mixers

Hydrostatic Test

Hand and Pitcher




Corrosive Environments 316 SS Pumps

Controllerless Pneumatic

Constant Pressure

Chemical Feed

Company Name


Pump Types Manufactured


Well Seal Vents




1–500+ gpm




200–18,000 gpm


5–1100 gpm


1–90 gpm

1–24 gpm





10–3000 gpm

10–5000 gpm

1–350 gpm


5–650 gpm

12–20 gpm

.10–2.5 gpm


2–1500 gpm

2–17 gpm

5–550 gpm


0.1–4.1 gpm




50–1000 gpm



Vertical Turbine

Transfer Recirculation


Submersible, Motors

Submersible, Industrial/Irrigation

Submersible, Domestic




Side Slope Riser– Horizontal/Vertical

Pump Sizes

Septic/Effluent Filters




Positive Displacement– Piston/Plunger


Pump Types Manufactured

⻬ ⻬

* ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬

⻬ ⻬


⻬ ⻬ ⻬

* * — See under company’s information on pages 36 and 38.

Water Well Journal May 2011 45/

By Ed Butts, PE, CPI


Pump Impellers: Part 2

Detailing the most fundamental—and important—element of centrifugal pumps.

ith apologies to those of you in the drilling rig circle, those of us who toil day by day in the pump installers’ realm within the water well industry know there is no other single component with more value and importance to our business than the pump impeller. Unquestionably, except for possibly the motor rotor, there is no other single moving part that could ever rival the impeller. After all, how could we begin to pump the copious volumes of water we obtain from water wells without the aid of this simple, but marvelous piece of basic water-moving technology? Simply put, it could not happen. In recognition of the impeller’s importance to the various systems of pumping water, this three-part series has been timed to coincide with the Water Well Journal’s annual pumps issue and provides an overview of the function and design characteristics of the impeller in its many forms. Last month in Part 1, we provided a basic description of the impeller and the concept of how fluids are passed through it and how head is generated. This month, in Part 2, we delve even further into the many unique operational characteristics and limitations of this critical part by examining factors involving the suction, or inlet, of an impeller. Ed Butts, PE, CPI, is the chief engineer at 4B Engineering & Consulting, Salem, Oregon. He has more than 35 years experience in the water well business, specializing in engineering and business management. He can be reached at

46/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Figure 1. Conventional centrifugal pump. Courtesy of Cornell Manufacturing Company

The “Other” Parts

Although we gave a great deal of importance to the impeller in Part 1, the impeller could not actually function without the contribution of four additional components, which are shown in detail in Figure 1: 1. the shaft 2. the volute/casing and/or diffuser 3. the shaft sealing method (packing or mechanical seal) 4. the driver.

Although we will not allocate a great deal of space to describe these components, some brief discussion on each is nonetheless warranted. The shaft, or the part used to transmit rotative power from the driver to the

pump, is generally constructed from a single round piece of 300 or 400 series stainless steel to resist corrosion. In some cases, a coupling is provided between the pump and the driver to facilitate a field installation or to provide a flexible connection between the units. The volute or casing is the component surrounding the impeller and is used to convert the velocity, or kinetic energy, of the water to pressure energy as well as provide a means to allow fluid to enter and exit the pump itself. In some pump designs, a different and separate component commonly referred to as a diffuser is set within the casing to perform this task. A diffuser is often preferable to a volute design as it com-

ENGINEERING/continues on page 48

Circle card no. 8

Figure 2. Pump curve for end-suction centrifugal pump.

ENGINEERING/from page 46 pletely and evenly encircles the impeller and is designed to provide an equal distribution of pressure and axial thrust around the impeller, thus lowering unbalanced forces within the pump. In ad-

dition, a diffuser design provides a more efficient method of conveying the fluid from one stage to the next stage in a multi-stage pump and is therefore most commonly used in deep well pumps, such as vertical turbine and submersible pumps.

The shaft sealing method usually consists of either a stuffing box, which uses rope or string packing, or a mechanical seal, to provide a method of maintaining the fluid within the pump and preventing leakage to either the driver, bearing frame, or outside environment. The last mandatory component is the driver itself. Normally, most centrifugal pumps use an electric motor (as shown in Figure 1) to perform this task. However, other means of powerâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;such as gas or diesel engines or turbinesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;are also used. In addition to the mandatory components of a centrifugal pump, many manufacturers can provide additional components to help extend the life and performance of a pump. These components can be either optional or standard additions to a specific make or model of pump, depending on the manufacturer. Three commonly used extra parts, all shown in Figure 1, include the double volute, front and/or back wear rings, and a hydraulic balance line. The double volute is actually not an optional feature with most units it is used with. It is gen-

No one is more serious about your job than we are. When youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been around for over 70 years and invented a lot of the tools that are industry standard worldwide, you tend to develop a certain amount of confidence in your product. We offer over 40 models of swivels, handling tools, and other drilling equipment made with high-quality heat-treated steel alloys and tested in our own 300,000-square-foot facility. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a serious business, and no one is more serious about it than we are. Got a tough job ahead? Bring it on.

Small Opening 1J, 2J, 5EL

Rotating Heads 2.5 BL, 3 BL, 3APE

OEM Replacement 15KF

Breaking Out 2 3/8â&#x20AC;? to 7â&#x20AC;? TONG

Adjustable 10-30 XV LINE and 20 & 25 XVA


ISO 9001:2000 8C-0067

48/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Circle card no. 14

Figure 3. Graphical solution for NPSH for 60⬚⬚F water.

can result in downtime or failure of the entire unit. Many of these problems can be attributed to corrosion or electrolysis that occurs from a chemical or electrical reaction between the metal and the fluid and erosion—caused by the action of abrasives, usually sand, in close contact to the running surfaces.

Know Your NPSH

Figure 4.

erally a standard part of the volute used for mostly high head pumps in order to balance the radial thrust exerted on the impeller that consequently lowers the stress applied to the shaft and stuffing box and extends the life. We will discuss radial and axial thrust and the use of double volute pumps in greater detail in Part 3. Wear rings can be used on the front —or suction side—of the impeller and/or the back—or driver end—of the impeller, as well as in the volute itself. Wear rings are often used to provide an enhanced wearing surface between the impeller and the volute, to lessen the running clearance between these parts

and decrease bypass of water during operation. Wear rings are also often used during a pump rebuild procedure to reestablish the close running tolerance that was present in the pump when it was new. A hydraulic balance line is often used on specific pumps to lessen the pressure on the stuffing box and packing and to help flush abrasives out of the packing which can otherwise lead to premature failure of the packing. In a perfect world, all of these individual components work together in a seemingly harmonious blend. Unfortunately, in too many instances, there is usually one or two of these components that do not wish to cooperate, which

Of all the factors affecting pump impellers, net positive suction head (NPSH) is one of the most misunderstood but important terms in pump system design. Basically, there are two values of NPSH. The first—NPSHR— refers to net positive suction head required. It is a term that refers to the value of positive suction head a pump requires to avoid cavitation, which, simply explained, is vaporization of the pumped liquid that can rapidly lead to loss of prime, damage to the internal components of the pump, and in extreme cases, total destruction of the pump. NPSHR is a variable value that usually varies with flow and is generally provided in feet or meters and is determined and provided by the pump manufacturer for each pump they manufacture. It can vary significantly from pump to pump, and is highly dependent on the capacity, type of pump, speed, impeller design, and other factors of pump design. It also cannot be modified or changed to a great degree and is usually determined through a combination of engineering calculations and testing. Typically, the value of NPSHR increases as the capacity of a given pump increases, although in some pumps it can be relatively constant throughout the flow range. The other value of NPSH is net positive suction head available (NPSHA). It is the only value the designer has any real control over, and is the only value of NPSH that can be varied to any significant degree. NPSHA is affected by the fluid characteristics, fluid temperature, amount of suction lift or positive head, suction friction losses, vapor pressure, and altitude. After all considerations, the final success of an NPSH calculation boils down to one fundamental aspect: the value of NPSHA must

ENGINEERING/continues on page 50 Water Well Journal May 2011 49/

ENGINEERING/from page 49

A pump does not actually Safety/Regulatory/Compliance always equal or exceed the value of suck water; it actually DOT Roadside NPSHR. Or, more simply, always Inspections: remember: NPSHA ≥ Beware NPSHRand . Be Ready creates a negative pressure Tuesday, December 2, 11 That’s it in a nutshell, but how do wea.m.–12:30 p.m. Workshop — 1 CEP in the impeller eye by virtue accomplish that? It reallyProtect isn’t yourself as hardand your company by knowing as you might think. Simply starttowith exactly what do when stoppedof for its a roadside rotation that results Learn why unbuckling your seat belt too the basics and work upinspection. from there. early in the process could be costly what evacuation stateinandthe of the Think back to high school science. I’m ments you should make — or avoid — and why. sure you’ll remember The we longer wereittaught takes you to produce the required docwater within the impeller. uments, the more time the officer has to note other

there are 14.7 pounds per square inch concerns. A poor roadside inspection can result in (14.7 psi) of air pressure at sea level. tickets for the driver and the company, as well as This pressure, referredtrigger to asanatmospheric pressure audit or a compliance review. because it is exerted in a balpressure, is due to thePresenter cumulative — Gary LaBrake, On theanced Road form on the inside and outside of weight (yes, even air, Fall which is techniour bodies—in Protection and Working at Heights fact, in all directions. cally a liquid, has weight!) all the2, 9:30–10:30 a.m. Now, it would stand to reason that if Tuesday,of December and 1–2 p.m. Workshop — 1reaches CEP gases in our air from the upper atmospheric pressure is a result of the fallto protectionaccumulated safeguards you weight should of our atmosphere of the atmosphere all theLearn waywhat down air. The needed repairs are often simply be taking when working at heights in the drilling and seaandlevel (or whereverpump youservice are). industry. This combination from the top to bottom, the atmospheric normal maintenance can be made classroom inexpensively, presenting a tremendouspressure Atmospheric is usually rewould decrease as elevation, and demonstration workshoppressure addresses the different for volunteers as well as residents of impacts of in force that can occur to the humanisbody ported as barometric pressure inches or altitude, increased. After all, if air countries to have a quick, positive, and how to calculate them. In addition, force evaluaofneed. mercury (1 inch of and mercury = 1.13 is a liquid, shouldn’t it act as a liquid pact in areas of dire In this worktion and shock-absorbing factors will be discussed. will learn how to identify most comfeet ofthewater head). When you readUngphakorn, a and exert its unit pressure in relation to Presenter — Steve MSA of hand pumps and how to apply the barometer with a 30-inch reading (one its head, like water? Absolutely! oubleshooting and repair. atmosphere), is equal to 33.9 feet That is exactly how our atmosphere ucational offering was developed in which conh the input of the of NGWA Developing water head, you are actually reading works. Essentially, for every increase nterest Group. the equivalent weight of the atmosphere of 1000 feet of altitude, approximately workshops/continues on page 28 Ralph L. Taylor Jr., CWD/PI, Taylor Drilling Co. at that point in time. You don’t feel this one-half pound of pressure per square

inch (.5 psi) or 1 foot is lost. In other words, in the mile-high city of Denver, Colorado, atmospheric pressure is only around 12.1 psi, as opposed to 14.7 psi in my backyard in Salem, Oregon. The next step is the consideration of what this pressure can contribute to the pumping of water. As we all remember from basic hydraulics, 1 psi is equal to 2.31 feet of water head, or .433 psi = 1 foot. Since 1 psi is able to elevate water to a height of 2.31 feet, then it stands to reason that the atmosphere should be able to do the same thing in a closed system. Well, it can, since atmospheric pressure exerts 14.7 psi ± at sea level and 1 psi = 2.31 feet of water head, then 14.7 psi × 2.31 = 33.96 feet. This is usually rounded off to 33 or 34 feet and is the magic maximum value of theoretical suction lift generally applied for a pump at sea level. Contrary to popular belief, a pump does not actually suck water; it actually creates a negative pressure in the impeller eye by virtue of its rotation that results in the evacuation of the water within the impeller to the periphery and

ENGINEERING/continues on page 52

wheels & deals

WaterwellN.E.Camera The drill rig is equipped with Higgins Rig Ships to 50,000 pounds of pullback and a Greensburg Oil Inspection1000/350 Systems air and hydraulics driven

5 × 6¼-foot mud pump.Pictured left to right are Rocky Milano of GEFCO N.E. and Joe Bertrand, Dave Folsom, and Bill Laprade of Bertrand Well Drilling.

Steve Burchfield of Greensburg from SEMCO Oil in Campbellsville, Kentucky, bought this 1980 Ingersoll Rand T4 from Higgins Rig Co. This unit is equipped with a 900/350 compressor and is mounted on a 1980 CCC with • Diesel Portable, Truck or Trailer a Detroit engine. Higgins Rig mounted. • Retrofit compatible with Laval and most geophysical Co. is located in Hodgenville, Kentucky.logging winches.

Chicot Irrigation Takes Delivery

• Full repair service and spare parts for CCV, Boretech,

BertrandWellcam Well Receives and Laval cameras and controllers. Chicot Irrigation of Lake Village, Third GEFCO Tophead • Forward and 360 degree side wall viewing color cameras. Arkansas, is pictured picking up its new SEMCO S6000 Pump Hoist.

• Depths to 5,000 feet.


Contact us for details ust made a deal that you’d like to see in 800-671-0383 • 559-291-0383 print? Mail photos and a brief descripFax: 559-291-0463 tion to Water Well Journal, Mike Price, E-mail: 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081, On the web at or e-mail

Bertrand Well Drilling, located in An Aries Industries Middleboro, Massachusetts, accepted Company 5748 E. Shields Avenue, Fresno, CA 93727 its GEFCO 50K delivered by GEFCO

CCV Engineering & Manufacturing

Circle card no. 13

Circle card no. 6Water Well Journal October 2008 27/

50/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Circle card no. 39 Circle card no. 43

Back in 1959, a Woodford Model Y34 Freezeless Yard Hydrant left the factory with a shiny new coat of paint, and found a home on a farm in Iowa. Fifty years later, after countless hailstorms, sleet, rain, snow, and subzero temperatures, it’s not very shiny. But it’s still working fine. In fact, we’ve seen some that date back to the 1920s, still doing their job every day.

was made decades ago, all parts are replaceable on site without removing the hydrant itself. And we’ll have those parts available. We can’t guarantee that every Woodford hydrant will last for 50 years. But, we can guarantee that when you specify Woodford, you’ll be drastically reducing the chance of callbacks, problems, and unhappy customers. We build everything possible into a Woodford hydrant. Except obsolescence.

IF ONLY WE ALL LOOKED THIS GOOD AFTER 50 YEARS. Should a Woodford hydrant ever need repair, even if it


2121 Waynoka Road Colorado Springs, CO 80915 800.621.6032

The Woodford Model Y34, part of the American landscape for decades. Immediate flow even in cold temperatures. Rod guide eliminates side pull, reducing wear on packing nut and stem. Cam can be set to obtain the same flow each time. Circle card no. 63

ENGINEERING/from page 50

out the discharge. This negative pressure must be relieved somehow. Atmospheric pressure simply does the job by pushing the water into the impeller to relieve this void. Although this condition is usually referred to as a vacuum, it is correctly nothing more than the atmosphere pushing the water into the impeller by virtue of its weight (pressure). But since there can be no such thing as a perfect vacuum, the maximum practical suction lift is usually considered

to be around 25 feet. If our pump is in Denver, then we would have to correct our maximum theoretical suction lift to 12.1 psi × 2.31 = 27.95 feet or approximately 16 feet to 18 feet as the maximum practical lift. Although obtaining a perfect vacuum in nature is neither practical nor possible, the maximum theoretical value of atmospheric head is used nonetheless for NPSH calculations. This long-winded explanation of atmospheric pressure is necessary to gain a full understanding of NPSH. Now that we have a basic understanding of

Circle card no. 48

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Circle card no. 58

NPSH, we can apply this concept to a real-world situation. In our example, we have an application that requires a flow of 360 gpm from a total dynamic head (TDH) of 290 feet and we need to determine the maximum suction lift our selected pump can withstand without cavitating. Referring to Figure 2, an actual pump curve for an end-suction centrifugal pump, inspection of the curve demonstrates that this particular pump requires 17 feet at our design flow rate of 360 gpm, or NPSHR = 17 feet. Although I have provided you with a definition of NPSHR and barometric pressure, I have not yet defined NPSHA. Essentially, the term speaks for itself. Net refers to the value remaining after correction for all friction losses, fluid vapor pressure, altitude, and temperature. Positive refers to the remaining value of atmospheric head, after all corrections, available to push fluid into the pump. Suction head is the available atmospheric head after correction for all losses. At this point in our sample design, we would need to expand our knowledge base in order to determine the NPSHA, which is calculated from the following formula: NPSHA = static suction head (if any) + atmospheric pressure, in feet – suction lift + vapor pressure + sum of friction losses (suction side) + velocity head. In our example, assume that our pump installation is located at sea level and we are pumping fairly normal 60°F water. From the information provided from our design calculations, we know that our system has a total of 6.0 feet of total friction loss on the suction side, consisting of .5 feet of velocity head, and 5.5 feet of piping and fitting friction losses. There is no available static suction head (positive inlet head), which yields the following atmospheric pressure: 14.7 psi × 2.31 ft/psi = 33.96 feet. From tabular values, we find that the vapor pressure for 60°F water is .59 feet of head. Completing the equation for the maximum allowable suction lift: 33.9 feet – .59 feet (vapor pressure) – 6.0 feet (suction friction loss) – 17.0 feet (NPSHR) = 10.3 feet. This example serves to underscore the importance of the consideration of all of these factors in centrifugal pump performance and how a small change of

one minor component can seriously impact the entire system. A graphical solution of this same example is shown in Figure 3 and shows the relationship of the suction lift to a pump’s NPSHR. In our example, if a higher suction lift was required—say, 15 feet instead of the maximum allowable value of 10.3 feet—various modifications to the design, such as the selection of a different pump with lower NPSHR requirements or using larger suction pipe and fittings to lower the friction loss, are two options. In all cases, however, the designer must consider the NPSH requirement of the application and pump they are considering for use.

Specific Speed and Suction Specific Speed

Two design factors associated with impellers that are frequently misunderstood and misapplied are specific speed and suction specific speed. The specific speed (NS) of an impeller or pump is a dimensionless index number used to relate the hydraulic performance of a cen-

trifugal pump to the shape and physical proportions of its impeller. Although often mistaken as a sole speed factor, the index (Figure 4) is often used to classify pumps within a group related to its rotative speed, head, and capacity and includes virtually all classes and types of commonly used centrifugal pumps, starting at 500 for the relatively low capacity radial flow style of impeller up to 15,000 for very high capacity, axial flow units. The formula used to calculate specific speed is NS = N × Q H 3/4


where NS = specific speed, dimensionless; N = rotative speed, in revolutions per minute (rpm); Q = capacity of pump at best efficiency point (BEP), in gallons per minute (gpm); H = total head developed by the maximum diameter impeller at the BEP, in feet. In addition to the specific speed rating of a pumping unit, the suction specific speed (S) is also a dimensionless rating number that is used to evaluate

the relative ability of a centrifugal pump to operate under conditions of low available net positive suction head (NPSHA). Depending on the impeller design, suction specific speeds range from below 4000 to over 11,000 with the higher values indicating lower net positive suction head requirements. The equation used to calculate this factor is S = N × Q1/2


where S = suction specific speed, dimensionless; N = rotative speed, in revolutions per minute (rpm); Q = capacity at the best efficiency point (BEP), in gallons per minute (gpm); NPSHR = net positive suction head required by the maximum diameter impeller at the BEP, in feet. Next month, we will conclude this series by discussing factors associated with the discharge, or outlet, of an impeller such as radial and axial thrust, the affinity laws, and ways to help improve impeller performance. Until then, work safe and smart. WWJ

Make a difference by investing in the future of the groundwater industry—the kids . . . Donations to the Len Assante Scholarship Fund make it possible for NGWREF to award undergraduate scholarships to assist those studying groundwater-related fields whether in a two-year drilling associate degree program or a four-year college program. Since the fund’s inception, and thanks to the generosity of past donors, NGWREF has awarded more than 125 scholarships to date. Help keep the future of the industry moving forward. Donate today to the Len Assante Scholarship Fund: s Visit s Call 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791). Operated by NGWA, NGWREF is a 501(c)(3) public foundation focused on conducting educational, research, and other charitable activities related to a broader public understanding of groundwater. Circle card no. 40

Water Well Journal May 2011 53/

By Mary C. DeVany, CSP, CHMM

Young But Safe Employers have to provide a safe and supportive environment for young workers.

he summer hiring season will soon be upon us and young people across the country will be entering the workplace. There are great advantages for young people who work, and great advantages for the employers who hire them. Earning income can give a young person a sense of independence, entitlement, and self-esteem and increase the self-discipline we all want to see our kids develop. However, we do not want to see kids exploited, cheated, or asked to do work that would put their personal safety at risk. And despite what sometimes seems to be overwhelming evidence to the contrary, kids are not adults. Their brains are not fully developed and that can make them vulnerable to not understanding the consequences of their actions and how their actions can lead to an unsafe situation.


Youth Worker Statistics In a 10-year study released in 2010 by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, it was determined that 800,000 young people a year between the ages of 15 and 24 go to an emergency room for treatment for a work-related injury. And in that age group, close to 600 die each year from injuries sustained in the workplace. That’s 8 million injuries and 6000 deaths during the decade the NIOSH study was conducted. Mary C. DeVany, a certified safety professional and certified hazardous materials manager, is president of DeVany Industrial Consultants in Vancouver, Washington, a firm that provides a full range of safety and industrial hygiene services.

54/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Keep in mind also that those 8 million accidents between 1998 and 2007 were just the ones that were serious enough to result in the youngster being sent to the hospital. They are in fact estimated to represent only one-third of all the actual workplace accidents involving young people. The other 16 million accident victims were treated in a nonhospital setting such as a doctor’s office. Another disturbing fact to come out of the study: Like their adult counterparts in the workplace, Latino youngsters are disproportionately represented among the injured and their fatality rate is significantly higher—5.6% per 100,000 in contrast to 3.3% for Caucasians and 2.3% for African Americans. Again mimicking adult Latino workers, the main contributors to these accidents and fatalities is the language barrier. This discourages young Latino workers from asking questions, makes it less likely they will understand their rights, and limits their complaints about job safety conditions or being asked to undertake tasks that put them at risk. The NIOSH study found the construction industry, which includes water well drilling, was the second most dangerous industry for young workers, accounting for 28% of fatalities between 2003 and 2007. For nonfatal injuries, contact with objects or equipment was the most common event for all age groups, but accounted for a larger proportion of injuries among younger workers (49%) compared with older workers (40%). The contact injuries largely involved the worker being struck by, caught in, or crushed by various tools, equipment, machinery, parts, or materials.

Information on Child Labor Federal child labor provisions childlabor101_text.htm#7 Occupational injuries and deaths among younger workers—United States, 1998-2007 mmwrhtml/mm5915a2.htm Employer self-assessment checklist for child labor _nonAGRI.htm Youth@Work: Talking Safety (NIOSH) (customized for each state to address specific child labor rules and regulations)

Employer Compliancy The U.S. Department of Labor strives to educate teens, parents, educators, and employers on the federal child labor rules in order to promote positive and safe work experiences for young workers. However, one of its biggest challenges is disseminating the information and identifying potential problems before injuries or deaths occur. The Department of Labor produced a self-assessment tool (see the sidebar) to help employers comply with the child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act and the implementing regulations at 29 CFR Part 570. The provisions are designed to protect young workers by restricting the types of jobs they perform and the number of hours they work. You can use the self-assessment tool to help evaluate your firm’s level of compliance. If you

Employer Self-Assessment Tool Do any workers under 18 years of age do the following? 1. Work in or about plants or establishments manufacturing or storing explosives or articles containing explosive components, including fireworks? 2. Drive or serve as an outside helper on any motor vehicle (including, but not limited to, automobiles, trucks, golf carts, etc.) on a public road or highway? 3. Work in or about any mine or quarry? 4. Work in forest fire fighting, forest fire prevention, timber tract management, forestry services, logging, or in a sawmill, lathe mill, shingle mill, or cooperage-stock mill? 5. Operate, set up, adjust, repair, oil, or clean any power-driven woodworking machine or perform any offbearing from circular saws or from guillotine-action veneer clippers? 6. Perform any activities that involve






exposure to radioactive substances or to ionizing radiation? Operate or assist in the operation of any power-driven hoisting apparatus (including a forklift, scissor lift, cherry picker, boom truck, work assist platform, Bobcat loader, skid steer loader, backhoe, or front-end loader)? Operate or assist in the operation of any power-driven metal forming, punching, or shearing machine? Operate, feed, set up, adjust, repair, oil, or clean any power-driven meatprocessing machine, including meat slicers, or work in any occupation involving meat or poultry slaughtering, packing, processing, rendering? Operate, assist to operate, set up, adjust, repair, oil, or clean any power-driven bakery machine, including mixers? Load, operate, or unload any balers, compactors, or power-driven paper products machines?

12. Work in any occupation involved in the manufacture of brick, tile, and kindred products? 13. Operate or assist to operate, set up, adjust, repair, oil, or clean any power-driven circular saws, bandsaws, guillotine shears, chain saws, reciprocating saws, wood chippers, or abrasive cutting discs? 14. Work in any occupation involved in wrecking, demolition, or shipbreaking operations? 15. Work in any occupation in roofing operations or perform any work on or about a roof? 16. Work in occupations in excavation operations? If you answer yes to any questions, you are likely out of compliance. For guidance in determining your compliance with the regulations that govern child labor, you can refer to the “Rules Summary” link at selfassess_nonAGRI.htm.

have your own children under the age of 18 who are working, you can also use this tool to make sure they are only performing age-appropriate tasks.

Taking Responsibility for Young Workers As a result of the study, NIOSH recommended that public health, labor, and trade organizations should provide guidance to employers to help them in their responsibilities to provide safer workplaces and should identify steps that employers can take to remove or reduce injury hazards. NIOSH also stressed that employers need to make certain their younger workers have the requisite training and personal protective equipment to perform their jobs safely. Here in a nutshell are the fundamental responsibilities for those who employ young people. Be more vigilant than you would with your adult workers, and provide them with adequate and full training and appropriate personal protective equipment. And if your young employees can’t follow the safety rules, they need to be terminated before they become a liability to themselves and you. Hiring local young people makes an employer a good community advocate. It’s good for the company, good for families, and good for the economy. But employers must never forget their obligation that the safety and health of their young workers cannot be compromised as we help them develop from youths to adults. WWJ

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Water Well Journal May 2011 55/

By John L’Espoir

Safety Around the Drill


lease conduct a serious safety meeting company-wide soon. Some of your industry coworkers may be hurt, dismembered, or killed while you are having this meeting. Don’t leave anyone out because accidents can happen anytime, anywhere— the janitor may slip on the floor he just washed and slide into something not so comfortable. Invite your local fire department instructor to this meeting as well.

Safety, safety, and more safety

Figure 1. This is an excellent place to be when you need it. My advice: Stay out of this motel! Know proper procedures for fast check-in; have your insurance policy numbers on file.


When you first awaken in the morning, make a solid wish that you may be safe in a bed somewhere tonight—and definitely exclude all hospital beds (and morgues) unless needed for medical reasons. If you travel to work in your comfies, please be sure to change when around a rig. Wear your safety shoes, safety hat, fitted clothing, and carry with you a good pair of gloves as well as ear and eye protection. Remove rings from your fingers, even the skinny ones— they cut badly. Tidy up long hair. (This is something the author does not have to worry about!) Auger drillers must inspect what is required for the job—for example, plastic coveralls, full headgear with oxygen bottles on the back, etc. Please don’t be

Figure 2. The driver and attendant definitely work as a team. Be aware! The bed is hard, you get strapped in, and if you close your eyes for just one second they beat on you. Been in there, done that, want no more! A 15-minute ride may have saved my life: January 1999, Edmond, Oklahoma. Thanks a lot! Please know how to call the unit nearest you.

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 58 John L’Espoir has enjoyed a 40-year career in portable drilling equipment design. He holds a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering and was formerly the director of engineering for the George E. Failing Co. in Enid, Oklahoma. John was born in the Netherlands and moved to Enid in 1969. He is the founder, owner, and president of Enid Drill Systems Inc. He received the 2003 NGWA Technology Award.

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Circle card no. 18

Figure 3. Fire awareness demonstration only. Teach youngsters the dangers of fires. Explain flammable liquids and electric sparks. Talk about the smell of gas and explosions. Fires will kill.


like the boys on a PCB drill site who had all the gear: plastic coveralls taped to plastic boots with taped gloves; they even walked on plastic and had to scrub before setting foot on soil. Then, these same guys washed their hands in that scrub water and proceeded to eat their hamburgers and chips with their “clean” hands. Soil and groundwater contamina-

tion is real! It is not BS! Please instruct these guys and everyone else.

Pre–Drill Site Inspection

The author has seen mangled bodies around rigs. I have not seen some of the worst, but believe me, there are hundreds of pictures of accidents that killed. Please know your “one call” phone number to investigate underground obstructions. Mark in standard color codes

Figure 4. Avoid this at all cost. It is neither a blood bank nor a motel. The phlebotomist inside will take all your blood, and they keep it way too cold to be comfortable. Nobody likes to deal with death. The author recommends that it should be a planned activity with the date left open. Even young families need to discuss this subject in depth.

what is buried below. Striking oil, gas, water, fiber-optic lines, or electric lines is always costly. Know the terrain where the site is and determine if you should send in the dozer or lay planks—before you drive your rig to the location and sink to the axles 50 feet away from the center of the well. While there, look up and take notice of any overhead lines. These high voltage lines will arc across to a nice steelgrounded mast. What better ground is there than 100 feet of bare steel in a wet hole in the ground? A driller in the Southwest raised his 27-foot mast. Dad was in the cab and Junior had his left hand on the rig and was walking to the marked spot, waving to his dad to back up the rig as he walked. Those were his last steps. The crown block hit an overhead high voltage line. Junior lost his left arm and both legs. Dad jumped out of the cab, saving his own life. The brand-new rig burned just like the brand-new truck it was mounted on.

Equipment Selection and Inspection

Analyze the job at hand and make a list of tooling and select the right rig for the job. This step is often overlooked or the owner may decide that Rig 5 is a little small but surely it will handle this slightly larger job just one time. Rig and equipment and tooling must be sized to the job’s requirements. Getting stuck in the hole is at least 60 to 65 percent due to inadequate equipment. There is not much mystery left in rotary drilling, although the driller must always be on guard for the next surprise. Please review the following equipment specifications when selecting a rig to go to the field:

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

Mast hook load Draw works or winch pullback Mud pump Air compressor Table or top-drive size Rotary torque and speed Drill pipe Collar size and threads.

Match up the entire drill stem, including all cross-over subs and bit subs. Once, drilling in the rain forest in South America, we had a 20-foot joint top-

58/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

drive connection during my instruction class. After making the connection, we pulled up about 18 inches and the 20foot, 2⅞-inch pipe (200 pounds) fell straight down, missing my hard-toe shoe by less than 1 inch! After that, all threads were inspected and about 25 percent of the drill pipe was kicked out. When it is time to load up all equipment, the driller should check off each item as it is loaded. This is a good time to check all threads for proper size. ●

Truck check: Check truck requirements such as lights, brakes, tires and spare, lug wrench and flare kit, jack and logbook. Assure that all loose items are properly stored and chained down. If more than one crew operates the unit, it is wise to operate the machine in the yard prior to leaving. Drill check: Check the oil levels and coolant in the radiator. Raise the mast and briefly engage the major components. Fix all air, hydraulic, and mud hose leaks before you go out. Know your equipment travel height before pulling under canopies at the filling station or driving into a shop.

A stacking hoop on an auger machine ripped out an electrically operated 14foot door at the Anaheim Convention Center after the author asked the driver to check and fold the hoop down. Famous last words: “John, we be okay.” After those words were spoken: rip, cut, crash, boom! Damage to the rig: $50. Damage to the convention center: $10,000-plus. I assured my boss that I was not part of the “We be okay” statement. When fueling up, make sure to put diesel in diesel tanks, gasoline in gas tanks, and hydraulic fluid in hydraulic tanks. My old Ford F-150 doesn’t like diesel. Did it smoke and cough? Yes! Did it run? No. (The cause of the mixup: eyeballs focused on long legs topped by miniskirts.) Always pay attention to the job at hand. Diesel in hydraulic fluid is very nasty and quite a mess to get out. Please mark all tanks clearly in large letters.


The driller is the ultimate man in charge on the drill site. He must put all visitors in their place at a safe distance. He must make sure all safety gear is in

Figure 5. This cemetery goes on and on! All of the “residents” died at a young age as they were victims of World War II. All of them had plans to go home. Some of these people fought in my hometown at the German border when it was set free from Nazi occupation in September 1944. This American WWII memorial is well maintained by the United States. It is located in Margraten, Limburg, The Netherlands. This picture was taken in June 1999. Please work safely every day and go home at night to your family. Thank you, USA, for your providing freedom to my hometown and my family.

place on the machine and on personnel. Newcomers must be trained on the job with a clear explanation of rig components. Newcomers must realize our type of business operates dangerous, powerful machines. Bodies will get mangled. Heads, fingers, and arms will get ripped off and none of the stickers and caution plates can actually reach out and save us. Never insist that anyone climb a mast or derrick. They may freeze at some point and then it becomes very dangerous to get this person back on the ground. Always wear a fall-protection device when going up in the mast.


Before crawling under the truck, turn the engine off and keep the key in your pocket or give it to your helper. Do not ever touch rotating, moving, or hot parts. Our rigs have all of the above. Replace guards over drivelines, belts, and chain drives before finishing the hole. When guards cover a rotating part on top and on both sides, be aware that many a time the bottom is open and a rotating shaft will grab your pants and pull them down. My mother yelled at me many a time to wear clean underwear. She would say, “in case of an

accident.” How was it she knew about these drivelines? When checking hot spots, stop before you grab it with your hand. Red is very hot, but blue will still fry your skin and flesh in a millisecond. Spit at it, and if it fries spit, it is way too hot to handle. Burnt paint is too hot as well. A temperature of 225°F is acceptable for gearboxes, transmissions, and PTOs. 250°F is too hot. Most of our equipment should run below 200°F, including the hydraulic systems. Find the heat source and fix it. When smelling a different than usual fragrance, first ask your helper if he did it. When his answer is no, stop the drill and check for hot brakes or clutches and oil dripping on exhaust pipes. Again, find the source of the smell and fix it. While vibration can certainly be relaxing in a motel bed, it has no business on our drilling machines unless you happen to operate a vibratory type drill. Worn bearings and drivelines that are bent or worn or that have “thrown” their balance weights are all causes of vibration. Vibration, like shock loads (remember the hammer test?), will destroy

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 60 Water Well Journal May 2011 59/

Figure 6. Accidents do happen. All of these accidents involved fatalities.


equipment fast. This may be good for rig repair facilities such as EDSI, but very bad for you in the field. Some guys have strong young backs that can lift very heavy items, others do not. It seems that the strong back guys grow into back problem persons while the weaker ones go fishing and golfing later in life. Please use lifting devices such as hoists, winches, forklifts, or even something as simple as asking for a hand from your helper. Always lift with your legs and not your back. Inspect for proper operation the mud line pressure relief valve, the compressor unloader systems, the air reservoir pop-off valve, and all hydraulic relief 60/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

valves. Be aware that worn bevel gears may be as sharp as a razor; misaligned V-belts will eat steel and make the groove tops very sharp. Many worn items will have burrs that are waiting to draw your blood. Most engineers put on every drawing (almost): “Remove sharp corners.” Well, that’s wishful thinking, especially on sheet metal items. Wear long-sleeve shirts and gloves during repairs.


Never work on a rig by yourself. It is just too dangerous. Get a helper who actually may save your life at an accident. Make sure he understands the machine and knows how to kill the engine.

Many companies require rig operators to have a complete physical, which is a good system. Drillers and helpers must be physically and mentally fit to operate the machine and its heavy tools. First-aid training for personnel plus a good first-aid kit on the rig may turn out to be of great value. Alcohol and drugs must be limited to rubbing alcohol, methyl alcohol for the pneumatic system, and maybe a box of aspirin for the nervous boss. Please do not ever allow anyone on or near the rig who is under the influence of alcohol or medical- or street-acquired drugs. Usually, the drunk walks away with a few cuts, while the other person goes to the morgue. Never allow or conduct horseplay yourself (yes, the author is guilty too!). The impulse reaction of the person being made fun of can cause accidents. Become a team with your tools. Do not abuse them and turn a pipe wrench into a sledgehammer or beat on hardened steel with another hardened steel object. The chips will fly, and remember you only have two good eyes at best. Be “on guard” whenever you see a cat head and rope. Never suspend a tool on a slipping cat head spool and never touch this rope with your feet. Do not inspect wire line by slipping it through your bare hand—a broken strand will cut like a knife. Form a team with a standby person at the home base who knows exactly who is on your rig team and where you are. Always be able to reach this contact by radio or phone. Charge those batteries every night and have a set of spares on the rig. Know how you can get in touch with the fire department and ambulance. Minutes make the difference in an emergency. I know firsthand—in January 1999 I had a heart attack, and five bypasses! Have a full water/ice container on the rig and a supply of cups. Drinking from your own or someone else’s hardhat is not recommended.

Rig Books

A lot of time has been spent by the rig manufacturer to provide you with product information. Books relating to parts, service, operation, and safety were prepared not only for the rig but

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 62

257 Caroline St. 257 Caroline St.

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also individually for the larger components such as mud pumps, air compressors, trucks and engines, and on and on and on. Combine all these safety items. Following is a typical list found in a rig catalog.

Safety Precautions

The safety precautions are listed to help prevent injury or damage to you, your fellow workers, and the equipment. These safety precautions, along with good judgment and a good training program, will prevent most accidents and ensure a safer drilling operation. Please study them carefully before operating your drill.

1. Caution! Do not raise the mast or operate the drill unit with less than 25 feet working clearance to any electrical power line. 2. Check for the location of underground utilities and pipelines. 3. Improper use of the machine can be hazardous to personnel. 4. Read your service manual and know the functions of all controls before operating the unit. Install quality brass nameplates. 5. Do not start the machine without checking all controls for neutral position and ensuring that all personnel are clear. 6. Do not operate the machine with any guards removed. 7. Do not adjust, lubricate, or perform any maintenance with the engine running. 8. Do not leave the mast in any position except full up or full down. 9. Do not allow the body or clothing to come in contact with moving parts. 10. Do not exceed recommended air, mud, or hydraulic pressures. 11. Do not remove safety chains from hoses. 12. Level the drill unit and position supporting substructure before raising the mast. 13. Keep pressure gauges and weight indicators in reliable working condition. 14. Do not exceed the static-rated capacity of the mast. The number of lines reeved to the traveling block and the 62/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

deadline location will determine the static allowable hook load. 15. Rapid acceleration or suddenly applied drag on the drill string while hoisting can result in dynamic loads in excess of the static load rating. 16. Wear hardhats at all times while on the drill site. 17. Use reasonable care in loading and unloading operating equipment transported on the drill unit. 18. Be sure no item of equipment is left on the drill that will interfere with operation of the controls, mast, and mast-raising mechanism or machinery drives. 19. Keep all working areas clear of oil, grease, and debris. 20. Keep hands away from the ends of drill string members or casing. Keep hand contact on the outside only. 21. Do not use wrong, worn, defective, or improvised tools or handling equipment. 22. Traveling blocks not attached to yokes that follow guidelines should be lowered to the drill deck or cradle before the mast is lowered or transported. 23. Do not use the mast structure for storage of equipment items when transporting the drill unit. 24. Use safe fuel storage and refueling procedures. 25. Do not step on control rods, hydraulic lines, or airlines while servicing the machine. 26. Do not touch a hot exhaust system. 27. Do not try to lower the mast with the mast locks closed or with the kelly in the rotary table. 28. Do not try to lower the mast without first bleeding air from the mastraising cylinders. Remember that safety doesn’t cost—it pays!

Service and Operation Suggestions ● ● ● ●

Check the first-aid kit. Check all safety items on your rig. Evaluate any equipment problems that could turn out to be a hazard. Spot-check drill crews to see if they adhere to safety instructions.

Accidents Do Happen Look at just a few accidents, all of which included fatalities. For case histories on the incidents listed here (and more recent accidents since this column was first published in 2003), visit offshore/safety/safealt/safemain.html (Figure 6). #202—Crane support failure #198—Drilling accident #193—Fall #190—Fall #188—Fire #181—Rig collapse #179—Drilling accident #177—Casing blowdown accident #170—Stabbing board #169—Fall (3 fatalities) #166—Lifting personnel by crane ● ●

● ●

Check company-issued safety items for proper fit and function. Check phone or radio equipment and assign someone in the office to be the contact person. Inspect the water container and supply of cups. Inspect fire extinguishers.

Resolutions to Make Today

1. Hold an urgent safety awareness company-wide meeting and keep records. Invite the fire department for instructions on fire hazards and first action in case of fire. 2. Obtain copies of the following safety-related items:

a. Safety video produced by MobileForemost about auger drilling b. Drilling Safety Guide, booklet produced and sold by the National Drilling Association c. Drill Operators Safety Manual, produced by the Portable Drill Rig Manufacturers Association in 1980 d. Basic Procedures for Soil Sampling and Core Drilling, chapters 7 and 8. Will Acker III wrote an excellent section on safety, emer-

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 64






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gency treatment, and first aid. Contact Acker Drill Co. for a copy. 3. Review past “Transfer of Technology” chapters for many additional safety issues. 4. Make your own company safety manual since no one can write that book for you.


5. Make a safety inspection schedule and stick with it. Award employees who adhere to safety instructions.

Coming next month: Writing specs for a new rig. This is no time to pretend or lie to yourself. Know your full drilling and casing program before you start to write.

Unless otherwise noted, all photos taken by John L’Espoir. All designs by L’Espoir from 1969 to February1992 were done as an employee of the George E. Failing Co.

Safety and Violations: Not So Fast Please!

ot adhering to safety standards or standard codes will often result in heavy fines. It is of utmost importance that we follow the standards to keep our people unharmed and our equipment from abuse. A while back, a Midwest contractor was drilling a large number of starter holes for coil-tube rigs. These are required to connect the bottom hole assembly components of bit, mud motor, and drill collars. The holes are typically around 100 feet deep. The contractor was training a helper with several years of service to become a driller. There were about one dozen inspectors on the site on this particular day with clean coats, new hardhats, and fresh clipboards. Everyone was looking for a catch. The new driller was drilling at about 60 feet and was surrounded by the inspectors trying to outdo one another. The driller picked up the kelly while rotating about 15 feet and proceeded to set the brake. Unfortunately, he grabbed the auxiliary drum brake lever, and the kelly and swivel fell back down. The swivel hose touched the driller’s hardhat, but nobody nor the equipment was hurt. Then the shouting exploded. “Shut this rig down!” “Get this rig off our property!” “Kill the engine!” The rig was shut down. The contractor faced a stiff fine and the inspectors wanted a safety device that automatically sets and holds the brake unless the operator’s hand is engaging the brake. 64/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Figure 1. The driller will become instantly unfriendly when this gate is opened while drilling. The table will stop within one-quarter turn. The kinetic energy of the bit and drill collars may be strong enough and unscrew the drill pipe somewhere at a joint, after which it becomes trip time and fishing time (and I don’t think this includes any bait). On the bright side, look at the experience that has been gained.

This is when I got the call from my customer and the liaison engineer. I explained this was a human error and that accidents do happen. My answer was unacceptable. So my brain’s gears went into overdrive and I explained that an air cylinder with auto power on could hold the brake and that a small trigger valve at the end

of the lever could be tripped by the operator while pulling on the lever. This was the answer they wanted. How fast could I install two systems? Of course, not fast enough. I asked the contractor at this time what standard or code he violated. Needless to say, there is no code or standard that requires the automatic brake

lock-up system. It has not been designed yet and even my quick response design left many questions. While on the drawing board (yes, I am getting to be old) the next day, I received a phone call from a much more relaxed and calm contractor. He said they had called the dogs off and there was no violation. He could continue to drill himself and had to do the training of personnel elsewhere. When charged with a fine, there must be a code or standard that was not adhered to. The same day of this inspection, an oilfield rig within 100 miles working on a gas well caught fire and three people were severely burned and airlifted to a hospital. Yes, accidents do happen and we all must be intense on understanding the equipment and the job to be done. Maintenance and safety is a lot better combination than safety and violation.

Electric Hazards

Please look up and live. Remember the three brothers who died in the accident described in our appendix on the two chapters about electricity (Water Well Journal, July and August 2010).


A 6-foot-tall guard latches in the closed position around an 18-inch rotary table, guarding the operator and controls while providing a large opening on the helper’s side to allow space for the 6inch hose and reverse circulation swivel (Figure 1). New rules in England and Australia required this type of guarding in 2006 for auger drills, with potential requirements for rotary drills in the near future. The entire guard assembly is pinned on and bolted on and is easily removed. The safety starts with the guard and is then actuated by pneumatics. When the table is turning and the gate is opened, the air system will sequence in:

● ●

Disengage the rotary table clutch. Set a disc brake on the rotary driveline.

To rotate the table while making a connection, a bypass valve must be actuated. WWJ

Waiver: The views expressed in this article are the author’s opinion and are based on the engineering education,

Dedication This series is dedicated to the education of John L’Espoir’s two grandsons, Ethan Daniel Atwood and Elliott John Atwood (right), who are each destined to become a drilling rig engineer. Opposing points of view or questions? Contact us at Enid Drill Systems (580) 234-5971, fax (580) 234-5980,

skills, and experience gained in a lifelong industry commitment. No part of this article is intended to replace or supersede any information supplied by others. The contents of this article may not be used for any type of legal action.

2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo and Annual Meeting November 29–December 2 Las Vegas, Nevada

“Step Ahead” “Step Ahead””

Educational offerings, an exhibit hall, networking opportunities, and much more will be taking place at this year’s leading groundwater industry event. Stay tuned to for updates.

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Water Well Journal May 2011 65/

By Alexandra Walsh

Does Your Company Have an EAP? Check out these reasons why your business should have an Employee Assistance Program.

mployee Assistance Programs are an employee benefit purchased by employers or offered as part of a medical or behavioral health care plan. They are used to address and resolve an employee’s short-term issues and refer the employee to resources for help dealing with personal, work-related, health, substance abuse, legal, financial, or other issues. The aim of an EAP is to also reduce the amount of time employees take away from work and to ensure that when they return, they do so with renewed strength and optimal mental health. These types of programs have proven highly effective for the wider success of companies that have them and for the individual employees of those companies. Additionally, EAPs seek to increase employee productivity, provide support and training to managers, and reduce overall health care costs. Most businesses expect EAPs to have a positive return on investment in the range of $2 to $5 in return for every $1 invested. In fact, the National Council for Alcohol and Drug Dependency reports that companies, on average, save between $5 and $16 for each dollar they invest in an EAP—from improved productivity and safety performance, as well as reduced turnover. If you’re not convinced yet, here are some additional reasons why your com-


Alexandra Walsh is the vice president of Association Vision, a Washington, D.C.–area communications company. She has extensive experience in management positions with a range of organizations.

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pany should give some thought to an Employee Assistance Program.

Improved Work Performance When an employee has an issue or problem, it may take away from their productivity and ability to be present on the job. Companies lose money when their staff is absent or less productive. An EAP manages these problems and makes sure employee issues are quickly resolved and can also reduce the amount of time employees take off from work. This means fewer mistakes at work, high quality output, and an overall increase in workplace performance, ensuring effective company growth and development.

Reduced Turnover A high turnover of employees can be costly for any company. According to one estimate, 65% to 80% of terminations result from personal or interpersonal factors, not because employees can’t perform their work. An EAP can help employees address those personal or interpersonal matters before they get to the point where termination becomes necessary. In addition, EAPs are an objective resource that can provide useful feedback about how the organization impacts those who work for it—at every level of the organization—while respecting the privacy of those using the program.

Increased Morale and Workplace Harmony An EAP provides prevention and management services that assure employees are happy and healthy and is highly conducive to a harmonious work-

place. As an added advantage, employees know the company supports them and they feel a connection to the work they are doing and are more committed to achieving desirable results. It is a concrete example of how an organization cares about its employees’ wellbeing and that of their households. This can be particularly beneficial in hard times when other benefits may not be possible because of high costs.

Reduced Health Care Costs Some integrated EAP and behavioral health programs require employees to seek assistance from the EAP first before accessing costly behavioral health care. EAP staff recognize potential health care issues and seek to prevent further problems by using behavioral lifestyle changes and making referrals for appropriate care management. Medical, behavioral, and wellness plans often integrate with EAP programs to deliver care in the appropriate, and less expensive, setting.

Third Party Assistance EAPs are third party agencies that specialize in connecting employees with appropriate services according to their needs. They assess individual employee needs, refer employees to suitable services, and provide employees and their families with confidential access to professional health services.

Reduced Accidents at Work Having an EAP may positively affect an organization’s safety. A person suffering from stress-related symptoms will often experience difficulty with concentration, mental focus, and physical

tion, which can lead to accidents. Employees with untreated alcohol or drug issues are more likely to have accidents. Employees who face physical abuse at home can also be distracted and at risk for accidents at work. Offering stressed and troubled employees help through an EAP may save them from injury or worse.

Management Consulting Having an EAP provides supervisory staff with a resource that can help them deal with troubled employees without feeling like they are in over their heads or are providing counseling without a license. EAPs can guide managers in how to deal with employee performance issues, layoffs, mergers, or substance abuse problems. EAPs help employers during a company crisisâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;workplace violence, natural disaster, or an employee deathâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;by offering support to management and on-site counseling to employees. In addition, an EAP may help stimulate much needed change in an organization. For example, how discipline is handled, or how supervisors spend their time. Or how teamwork skills are considered in evaluations, or how job descriptions are written. The EAP may have a hand in how members of the organization respond when fellow employees experience hard times, at home or work.

The Benefit of Experience When a company has an external EAP provider, the organization may very well benefit from an Employee Assistance Program that has experience working with a broad range of organizations and employees. WWJ

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By Ron Slee

Leadership Is it easier said than done? eadership in many ways is like beauty. It’s hard to define but you know it when you see it. That is what Warren Bennis, the great educator, said in his 1989 book On Becoming a Leader, which was revised and republished in 2003. It is necessary in life to become a “master of context,” which is an explanation of expertise. This is something that every employee brings to their jobs. That is why we discussed “what we need to do” to keep customers happy and asked our employees how we can do it in our column last month. The problem today is that the situations are ever more complicated and difficult to deal with in our jobs and our lives. The current and recent economic woes have certainly not made it any easier. If there was any doubt to these truths, all we need to do is consider the Internet. The advent of YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter have truly changed the world again to another level of transparency and a much broader community of opinions. This is the world in which our employees are starting to feel a bit better about their lot in life. The economy is seemingly picking up. The unemployment situation seems to be getting better. However, we need to understand and make up our own minds rather than


Ron Slee is the founder of R.J. Slee & Associates in Rancho Mirage, California, a consulting firm that specializes in dealership operations. He also operates Quest Learning Centers, which provides training services specializing in product support, and Insight (M&R) Institute, which operates “Dealer Twenty” Groups. He can be reached at

68/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

ability to bring out

the definition of morality, which is what you do when no one else is looking. Leadership also creates a culture for the company. Culture is what it is, not what we might want it to be. The culture of a company should start with candor and honesty, a tone which the leader creates. The truth is protected and valued no matter how difficult it might be.

the best in others.

Working as a Team

Leaders must be able to mediate conflict and have that magical

simply become followers. That is why leadership is becoming more and more important.

Intellectual Capital The time when buildings and equipment were a measure of the value of a business is long gone. It is the intellectual capital of the employees that today is the true measure of a company’s value. But that requires enlightened management and supervision in a business—the leadership. As with any previous economic slowdown or adjustment, there is a period during which the employees hunker down and are grateful to have a job. But that changes, and when it does, leaders who want their businesses to succeed have to provide leadership in the form of rewards, career paths and professional development, and perks. But how does one go about becoming a leader? Who trains you to become one? Well, there are no clear paths to leadership and no curriculum that provides direct education on leadership. It starts with character and ethics, two words that reflect who you are and not what you are. I am reminded here about

Long-time college football coach Lou Holtz is renowned for not just his coaching and leadership characteristics, but also his charismatic speaking engagements where he exposes his basic beliefs. They include: Do what is right and avoid what is wrong. Do your best. Honor the Golden Rule. I would like to add a corollary to the “do your best” part that states you must know what to do first. Holtz goes on and gives us three questions. Can I trust you? Do you care about me? Are you committed to excellence? Answering all three reflects character and integrity. To follow along Holtz’s line, I believe leadership is more important than ever today as we are now finally working together as teams. In productive teams, it is not always the same people who are the stars. It is people’s shared responsibility. It also means that we are all accountable for our own activities and results, as well as those of the team. This shows us that leaders must be good coaches and must cultivate a can-do attitude. Leaders must be good judges of talent. Leaders must be able to mediate conflict and have that magical ability to bring out the best in others. Quite a responsibility, isn’t it?

Let’s review this leadership function and characteristics. Leaders need to do the following: ● ●

Create a shared vision—one which each team member makes their own. Have a voice, an aura, a purpose, a self-confidence that we now call “emotional intelligence.” Have integrity, character, and a strong moral compass—not a religion but a belief. Be adaptive—nothing is ever set in concrete, leaders adapt to the situation at hand.

Arnold Toynbee, the great historian, is known for his famous quotation, “Nothing fails like success.” This is the trap of way too many people, let alone leaders. We become blinded by our successes. We want to continue methods and processes that work and have succeeded. But sooner or later, that becomes a trap. Good becomes the enemy of great. You have to give up good to become great. That’s counterintuitive, but it’s true.


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Leadership has always been critical. I believe that today more than ever it is essential. The world is too complicated, technologies are too far reaching, and customers today have more choices than ever before.

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It is our employees who make a difference for our customers. It is the leaders who make a difference for our employees. WWJ

Water Well Journal May 2011 69/

By Michelle Nichols

The Terms of the Sale Here’s a list of words that can transform a plodding presentation into a powerful pitch. Learn them—and how to use them.

sychologist Albert Mehrabian’s research showed that only 7% of what we communicate is conveyed in words. The cues and clues of tone and body language account for the rest. However, while the thoughts we actually articulate may be relatively few, only a fool would conclude our choice of words is unimportant. Just ask politicians whose ill-advised words cost them elections through the years, or Bill Clinton whose silver tongue helped him to survive numerous troubles. In selling, not all words are equal. There are a handful that are the Arnold Schwarzeneggers of a salesperson’s vocabulary—they carry more weight and pack a greater punch than their dictionary definitions imply.


Pitch-Perfect Years ago, I came across a list of “15 Power Selling Words.” They are: can, easy, guarantee health, love, money new, opportunity, proven quality, saves, today urgent, win, you. Personally, I’d add a sweet 16th— free. Use these words more frequently, and you can add impact to your presentations and pitches. They can be a big help in getting and holding a prospect’s Michelle Nichols is a professional sales speaker, trainer, and consultant based in Reno, Nevada. Her Savvy Selling Success Pack is available through NGWA. She can be reached toll-free at (877) 352-9684 or at

70/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

Use these words more frequently, and you can add impact to your presentations and pitches. attention until it’s time to get their signatures on the dotted line. I’m not saying these words can’t be beat, but if you haven’t compiled your own list, it’s a great starter kit. When I speak on the power of words, I always have the audience read them aloud, one word at a time. I tell them to pronounce each word with passion, and the energy in the room soars. Read this list aloud, and test their power for yourself. Then, just as an experiment, use each one in a statement about your product or service. It’s a good way to introduce them to your sales vocabulary.

Love and Money That list I clipped and filed away also included explanations of how those words work their special magic. Guarantee evokes a safety net—very appropriate these days, and proven works because no one wants to be a guinea pig. Easy speaks of minimal hassles, while quality promises something worthwhile and enduring. As for health and love, who doesn’t want what those terms conjure in the mind’s eye? Urgent commands attention, and you makes a direct connection to everyone’s favorite subject—our very own, fascinating selves. Saves and money make a delightful duet, while today is a star soloist with a focused sense of immediacy.

Of them all, money is the universal attention-getter. Whose ears don’t prick up at the promise of a product or service that “means money in your pocket?” And love isn’t far behind. Doubt that? Well, compare the limp appeal of “You’ll like this product.” with “You’ll love it!” And don’t overlook win. Everybody loves winners—and everyone wants to be a winner. Tell people how to win, and you’ll have their attention. Write down and post your own list of powerful selling words where it will be a constant reminder. Put it near the phone where you can refer to it while talking to clients. If writing letters, emails, proposals, or even ad copy is part of your selling process, sprinkle your key words throughout the text. You’ll marvel at the way your thoughts acquire a fresh and potent energy.

One-Two Punch Using a combination of these words multiplies their effect. For example, in Houston there is a big furniture store whose slogan is “Gallery Furniture saves you money!” That’s a pretty natural combination. However, don’t take this idea too far. I don’t recommend telling customers, “Urgent! We can save you money today with our easy, new, proven, quality opportunity to win love and good health. We guarantee it!” Overdo it, and you’ll overwhelm your customers and lose their attention. Another way to increase impact is to use your selling words in a question. For example, “Would you like to start saving money today with an easy, proven product?” When I’m selling, the expression

“That’s fantastic!” is my favorite response, even to a client’s objection. This works for two reasons. One, it challenges me to keep looking for the opportunity to be found in almost every situation. Two, the response momentarily stuns the prospective customer and gives me a moment to think. (It should also be obvious there will be some situations when this strategy is not appropriate.) I recommend practicing this technique with a co-worker before trying it on flesh-and-blood customers. Make a list of common objections, then write out “That’s fantastic!” followed by a possible response. It doesn’t matter whether you ever use this strategy in front of a customer or not, the mere practice of this exercise will make you more battle-ready.

A Problem? No Problems! Here’s an example. The customer says, “I’m sorry, we like your product, but we can’t afford it.” That’s your cue to respond, “That’s fantastic!” (pause) “I’m glad you like it. Now let’s figure out a way to get it for you, one that you can live with financially.” Then, sell the

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client on a partial solution or offer an introduction to a financing expert who might be able to pull together a loan package or lease that the customer can afford. There are dozens of strategies for

using the right words to boost sales. The point remains the same. Words can make, or break, a sale. So choose them wisely and put their power to work. You have my word on it. Happy selling! WWJ


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May 19â&#x20AC;&#x201C;21/ NGWA and Western Michigan University's Department of Geosciencesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Hydrogeology Field Short Course: Aquifer Analysis/ Kalamazoo, Michigan. Web: fhydro/sc_aquifer.htm

May 5/ Hydraulic Fracturing of the Marcellus Shale/ Baltimore, Maryland. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web:

May 26â&#x20AC;&#x201C;28/ Ontario Ground Water Association Convention and Trade Show/ Kingston, Ontario. Web:

May 5â&#x20AC;&#x201C;6/ Determining the Best Bioremediation Approach for Sites Contaminated with Chlorinated Solvents/ Baltimore, Maryland. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail: customerservice, Web: May 5â&#x20AC;&#x201C;7/ 2011 Florida Ground Water Association Annual Convention and Trade Show/ Orlando, Florida. Web: May 9â&#x20AC;&#x201C;13/ GEFCO (George E. Failing Co.) Annual Resource Drilling Fundamental Training Seminar/ Enid, Oklahoma. PH: (580) 234-4141, ext. 214, E-mail: intsales

June 6â&#x20AC;&#x201C;10/ 16th Annual Contaminated and Hazardous Waste Site Management Course: Theory, Practice and Outdoor Field Demonstrations/ Toronto, Ontario. Web: June 12â&#x20AC;&#x201C;16/ American Water Works Associationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 130th Annual Conference & Exposition: ACE11/ Washington, D.C. Web: July 30â&#x20AC;&#x201C;August 1/ South Atlantic Well Drillers Jubilee/ Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Web: August 8â&#x20AC;&#x201C;9/ Groundwater: Cities, Suburbs, and Growth Areasâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Remedying the Past and Managing for the Future/ Los Angeles, California. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: www August 21â&#x20AC;&#x201C;27/ World Water Week/ Stockholm, Sweden. Web: September 13/ Protect Your Groundwater Day/ PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 8987786, E-mail:, Web: September 18/ World Water Monitoring Day/ Web: www.worldwatermonitoring September 19â&#x20AC;&#x201C;20/ Environmental Forensics/ Albuquerque, New Mexico. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: September 26â&#x20AC;&#x201C;27/ NGWA Focus Conference on Fractured Rock and Eastern Groundwater Regional Issues/ Burlington, Vermont. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail: customerservice, Web: October 13â&#x20AC;&#x201C;15/ Washington State Ground Water Association Convention/ Everett, Washington. Web: October 21/ 2011 South Carolina Ground Water Association Fall Meeting/ Columbia, South Carolina. PH: (803) 356-6809, Fax: (803) 356-6826, E-mail:, Web:

6 PD O O H U  L V  % H W W H U   

November 3â&#x20AC;&#x201C;5/ California Groundwater Association 2011 Annual Convention and Trade Show/ Reno, Nevada. PH: (707) 578-4408


November 11/ 2011 Ohio Water Well Association Annual Convention and Trade Show/ Location TBA. PH: (937) 278-0308 November 29â&#x20AC;&#x201C;December 2/ 2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo and Annual Meeting/ Las Vegas, Nevada. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: *Dates shown in red are National Ground Water Association events. *Dates shown with are events where the National Ground Water Research and Educational Foundationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s McEllhiney Lecture will be presented.


72/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

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Š *H R S U R E H '7


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O R V I S I T U S A T O U R + A N S A S ® MA N U F A C T U R I N G F A C I L I T Y A N D F I N D O U T WH Y ' E O P R O B E     $ 4 O WN E R S B E L I E V E I T  S T H E B E S T R I G O N T H E MA R K E T 

           Circle card no. 17


NEWSMAKERS A new homeowner in Titusville, Florida, who had their home completed by Habitat for Humanity of Brevard County, received a free irrigation pump and its installation. Franklin Electric, a pump and motor manufacturer, in partnership with its local key dealer, GW Pumps and Purification, donated the pump and its installation for the home. Franklin Electric provided its VersaJet 1 hp model that features easily replaceable nozzles to allow for one pump to operate as a high pressure model, high flow model, or a standard pressure/flow model. GW Pumps and Purification is a pump and water treatment dealer based in Brevard County, Florida. Pictured is Daniel O’Brien, GW Pumps and Purification senior water specialist, who is on the Florida Ground Water Association Board of Directors. He says, “We believe it is important to give back to the community, which has given us so much.”


ISCO Industries LLC, a Louisville, Kentucky-based distributor and custom fabricator of piping products, hosted a grand opening of its new facility in Kingman, Arizona. The event took place at the new 40,000-square-foot, 10-acre facility. The plant will be a major hub for ISCO Industries, servicing most of the western United States. ISCO operates facilities in the United States, Canada, and Australia. 3M has acquired Hybrivet Systems Inc., a Natick, Massachusetts-based provider of instant-read products to detect lead and other contaminants and toxins. Hybrivet Systems’ flagship prod-

uct is LeadCheck Swabs, which was the first instant test kit recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule that went into effect on April 20, 2010. Franklin Electric Co., a contractorfocused company headquartered in Bluffton, Indiana, has announced it has reached a definitive agreement to buy 80% of the outstanding shares of Ýmpo Motor Pompa Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S. (Impo) of Izmir, Turkey. Impo, which has approximately $25 million in annual sales, designs and manufactures the sale of groundwater pumping systems in Turkey. AWARDS The CertainTeed polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe plant in Lodi, California, was honored by the California Occupational Safety and Health Administration through its Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program. The plant manufactures pipe that is used in trenchless municipal utility installations,

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74/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

NEWSMAKERS agriculture irrigation projects, and water well applications. ON THE WEB CertainTeed has enhanced its Web site with a new CertainTeed Building Science sitelet that provides information, educational tools, technical resources, and animations of heat, air, and moisture flow within buildings. This resource is available on the CertainTeed Web site at www.certain and was developed specifically for building and design professionals interested in building forensics and building physics. Rockmore International, a global manufacturer of rock drilling tools, has announced the launch of a new application for the iPad that will make it easier to access Rockmore’s complete catalog of rock drilling tools and accessories. The Rockmore app is

available as a free download through the App Store at app/rockmore/id420649156?mt=8, or by searching applications for “Rockmore.” Pump-Flo Solutions, a provider of software solutions to the fluid handling industry, announced the latest update and translation of its Pump-Flo software into the French language. For more information, visit ON THE MOVE Karl Johnson recently announced his resignation as president of North Houston Machine Inc. in Tomball, Texas. As of April 15, 2011, Karl is now the full-time president/owner of Karl Johnson Duramast Industries Inc., a company he began in February 2008 in Anderson, Texas. Duramast manufactures a variety of drilling rigs and drilling tools.

GeoVISION Borehole Cameras

Johnson was with North Houston for approximately 31 years. He started as a boy working with his father, George Patrick “Pat” Johnson, who began North Houston in 1979. In 2004, Karl took over as president of the company. Johnson can be reached on the Duramast Web site at IN


Robert D. Bruns, an employee at E.H. Renner & Sons Inc. in Elk River, Minnesota, passed away in March. Bruns, 58, was a member of the National Ground Water Association.

Do you have any news about your company or someone at your firm? If so, send all the necessary information to: Mike Price, Water Well Journal, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. E-mail: Deadline is 15th of two months preceding publication (May 15 for July issue).


By Marks Products Inc. For a free DVD, call (800) 255-1353 or e-mail

Some features of the GeoVISIONTM Deluxe System: ● Excellent video from places that no other systems will work. ● Five cable lengths for video inspection to 2000 feet underwater. ● Six interchangeable camera heads for use in bores from 1 inch to many feet in diameter. ● Motorized pan-tilt for use in mines and wells over 4 inches in diameter. Dual Scan micro camera for easy switching between down and side views All GeoVISIONTM systems come with excellent support, practical advice, and repair service.

Circle card no. 31

Meet us at the Beach For the 56th Annual

July 30th - August 1st 2011 If you are in the groundwater industry you need to be at the JUBILEE! * Diversifications * Heavy Equipment * Legislative Information * The Newest Products * Technical Training * Small Business Training

For registration information visit or call 540-740-3329 Circle card no. 50

Water Well Journal May 2011 75/



Clear Biodegradable Bailers from Solinst Allow Easy Handling The new Solinst BioBailer™ is a disposable bailer made of clear, biodegradable PVC. The standard bailers have a 1½ inch × 3 foot body to hold more than one quarter of a gallon of sample. The transparent body allows the sample to be checked visually. Each bailer includes a sample release device. The rigid bailer design will not bend, which allows for easy handling, and the dense

PVC design eliminates the need to use weights in most groundwater sampling applications. The top and bottom of the bailer are both tapered to prevent hang-ups in the well. There is a sturdy handle with an opening for a suspension cord, or a







W ” 4


Ergodyne Expands Line of Cooling Products

Ergodyne announced a line expansion of their Chill-Its® cooling line of products, including the new Chill-Its 6700CT evaporative bandana with cooling towel and the Chill-Its 6710CT evaporative triangle hat with cooling towel. Integrating Ergodyne’s Chill-Its 6602 cooling towel, these new patented products feature the same advanced polyvinyl acetate material which keeps workers cool without the added bulk, weight, and slime of conventional cooling solutions. It activates easily and quickly by soaking in water for only two to five minutes. Once activated, it reduces the effects of heat stress and helps fight fatigue. Lightweight and low-profile, these cooling products are ideal for use under hard hats and helmets.

Flowserve ValveSight Predictive Diagnostics Available for Limitorque MX and QX Electric Actuators

I<J F8 Ý I<J@;<EK@8C• F8ID 8E;C@>?K @E;LSTRY

76/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

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7391 7 391 SSOUTH OUTH P PORCUPINE OR LAKE RD. Ý LENA, WI 54139 TOLL Ý FAX: 920-829-5535 T OLL FREE: FREE: 866-560-2867 866 w w EMAIL: E MAIL:

Solinst Model 103 Tag Line. Although the BioBailer will biodegrade when disposed of in a landfill, the material still allows the BioBailer to meet the same standards as other PVC bailers, including VOC sampling.

PATENT NO. US 7,013,924 B1

Circle card no. 25

Flowserve Corp., a provider of flow control products and services for the global infrastructure markets, has announced the release of Flowserve ValveSight™ for the Limitorque MX/QX family of smart electric actuators. ValveSight for Limitorque provides enhanced diagnostic and graphical user interface features for facilities using the Foundation Fieldbus protocol for their digital communication networks. The

FEATURED Abanaki Coolant Skimmers Provide Host of Benefits to Machining Industry

Limitorque MX and QX use ValveSight to monitor the status, alarms, and health of the valve actuator. Embedded predictive diagnostics provide advanced warning of pending problems, helping reduce operational costs associated with unscheduled plant shutdowns and loss of productivity. Additional value is realized by a reduction in commissioning time and a greater visibility into overall valve performance.

Abanaki Corp. has a variety of coolant skimmers within their specialty coolant maintenance line that have proven to be beneficial to the machining industry. Coolant skimmers can be used to separate oil from machine coolant, reducing disposal cost and improving the life of the coolant. In some situations, companies may be able to reuse the oil


elsewhere or sell it for recycling. The oil-free coolant can then be recycled or reused, aiding in extending the life and usefulness of the coolant. Oil skimmers can also cut down on smoke generated from

Circle card no. 72

McElroy Introduces Certified McElroy Rental Program

McElroy Manufacturing, a pipe fusion manufacturer, introduces the start of the new Certified McElroy rental program. The program is a partnership between McElroy and participating distributors to supply customers with the most reliable fusion machine rentals on the market. Participating distributors will use a comprehensive checklist created by McElroy to check machines after each rental. By participating in the program, distributors have pledged to provide greater continuous care of McElroy rental machines, creating a premium rental option in the marketplace. If a repair is needed, participating distributors are committed to using genuine McElroy parts installed by factory-trained mechanics. Circle card no. 73

Circle card no. 49

Water Well Journal May 2011 77/



the cutting tools coming into contact with oil-laden coolant, creating a cleaner workplace. Circle card no. 74

Solinst Standpipe Piezometers Show Excellent Value for Metals Sampling The reliable Solinst Model 601 standpipe piezometers are designed to be placed within a drilled hole to provide a filtered inlet point. The pointed

PVC tip is also suitable for pushing into very loose sands at the base of a borehole, a stream, or into loose tailings pond sediments. The Model 601 is excellent for metals sampling, as it is composed of a preformed Vyon tube set inside a perforated PVC piezometer tip. It is well suited for water level monitoring, permeability measurements, construction control, dewatering drainage operations, and slope stability investigations. The 601 tip connects to the surface with ž-inch I.D. PVC riser pipe,

using slip-fit couplings. Reducer couplings can also be used to connect to other sizes of riser pipe or casing. Circle card no. 75

Krohne Introduces New Multiparameter Converter Krohne Inc., a global technology provider in the development, manufacture, and distribution of accurate and reliable measuring instruments for the process industries, announced the availability of its new Optisens MAC 100 multiparameter converter for liquid analysis in the water and wastewater industry. It is the first device standardized for both flowmeters and analytical measuring devices. The Optisens MAC 100 multiparameter converter is based on Krohneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s IFC 100 signal converter, which has been used for years for electromagnetic flowmeters and is familiar to, tested by, and widely accepted by users. User familiarity will lead to quick commissioning, reduced training times, and standardization of hardware, which will simplify the operating process. The Optisens MAC 100â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s modular design offers great flexibility in configurations from singlechannel converters to complex measuring systems. Circle card no. 76

Eno Scientific Flowmeter Is User-Friendly Hand-Held Well Water Measurement System The Eno Scientific WS131 flowmeter is designed to measure water flow for monitoring well drawdown and usage. It uses a modular design consisting of PVC housing and an electronic sensor 78/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

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PRODUCTS module that attaches to the housing using a hand-tightened ring nut. The flowmeter uses a simple plug connection to an Eno Scientific Well Sounder that allows for displaying and logging

the flowmeter’s data. When the test is complete, the sensor can be removed and replaced with a plug using the same kind of hand-tightened ring nut. This leaves the sensor port available for future testing. The WS131 flowmeter can be purchased individually or in a kit that comes with a Well Sounder 2010 PRO, flowmeter, adapter, three different sized housings, and three plugs. Circle card no. 77

Cast Coupling Releases FPC Coupling for Line Shaft Turbine Pumps Cast Coupling LLC introduces the Frazier Precision Combination (FPC) coupling for line shaft turbine pumps, offering well water industry customers a fully modular combination coupling solution. Manufactured in the U.S., the Cast Coupling FPC couplings meet any line shaft pump application and are backed by more than 25 years of innovation, proven technology, manufacturing, and reliability. The comprehensive line of FPC couplings decrease assembly time, feature a hydrodynamically tested design to minimize friction losses or pressure drops, and offer interchangeable and replaceable bearing spiders for a variety of water lube bearings and oil tube bushings. The new couplings are fully customizable for any application. Among the key features, the couplings include new two-piece close tolerance design, maintain accuracy of an integrally cast hub, and are designed to allow the change of spiders while coupling remains on column pipe.

THINK TOUGH! ISO 9001 Quality System For Details on all the features of Pullmaster winches, please contact us for the name of your nearest distributor. Pullmaster Winch Corp. 8247 - 130th Street Surrey, B.C. Canada V3W 7X4 Tel: (604) 594-4444 Fax: (604) 591-7332 Email:

S T A T E •O F •T H E •A R T •H Y D R A U L I C •W I N C H E S

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BOREHOLE GEOPHYSICAL LOGGING SYSTEMS For Ground Water Applications *Aquifer Properties* *Screen Location*

*Deviation* *Video*

*Flow* *ELog*



Mount Sopris Instruments, 4975 E. 41 Ave., Denver, CO 80216 ph: 303.279.3211 fx: 303.279.2730

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Water Well Journal May 2011 79/

CENTERLINE MANUFACTURING CO. “Mud Pumps for the 21st Century”

Once in a Lifetime Opportunity

7355 S.H. 154 East ● Winnsboro, TX 75494 ● USA Phone 903-725-6978 ● Fax 903-725-3647

2009 Centerline Manufacturing Mono Mud System Factory Demo Unit w/John Deere 173 hp diesel engine. CLM 71⁄2 10 Mono Hydraulic-Driven Piston Pump 180 gpm at up to 550 psi mud pressure. Tibban Mud Puppy MC85-2SC Mud Cleaner System 2 3 double screen shaker, 2 desander cones charged by 32 centrifugal, 300 gallon mud tank, and pickup pump. Geo-Loop Grouter and Coil Pipe Wheel Piston Grout Pump and Hydraulic Loop Reel. 20 Trailer w/4 leveling jacks and built-in 500 gallon water tank.

Price Reduced! ●

Unit is great for water well and geothermal drilling

Package has less than 100 hours

Can be sold with or without grouter

Complete package for all drilling needs

With grouter setup: $115,000

Without grouter setup: $95,000

Thousands of $$$ less than a new unit.

Classified Advertising/Marketplace 15 Bits Bits, subs, stabilizers, hole openers, etc. Over 10,000 bits in stock.

R L C Bit Service Inc.

Palmer Bit Company has been recognized worldwide for providing the highest quality bits to the drilling industry for over 50 years. We manufacture bits for drilling everything from clays to limestone. With our experience we can help lower your bit cost, with the proper bit selection for your drilling conditions. We are available 24/7 to assist you with any questions you may have. Call 800-421-2487 Satisfaction Guaranteed

8643 Bennett Rd. P.O. Box 714 Benton, IL 62812 Ph: (618) 435-5000 Cell: (618) 927-2676 Cell: (618) 927-5586 Fax: (618) 438-0026

Jason Corn E-mail: Rick Corn E-mail:

3 Appraisals

18 Breakout Tools

Equipment Appraisals


Nationally recognized and accredited equipment appraisals for water well drill rigs and well drilling equipment for banks, lenders, mergers, accountants, estate planning, IRS, and auctions. Experienced, knowledgeable, and recognized worldwide in the water well drilling industry. Accurate and confidential appraisal reports.

SEMCO Inc. All Hydraulic Hydrorench S110H In Stock 1-10 Four Rollers Breaks Pipe Make Pipe to Torque Specs 800-541-1562


19 Bucket Drill Rigs

45 Compressors

DRILLING EQUIPMENT Portable Air Compressors

22 Business Opportunities BUSINESS FOR SALE: Great business. Sixty-six year old family water well sales and service business. Need to retire. One thousand customer base. 8T pulling unit and large shop on Main Street, Eden, Texas. Call (325) 869-4241.

E Q U I P M E N T WA N T E D Gus Pech bucket/boring rigs, any condition. Support equipment, buckets, etc. Other brand considered. (816) 517-4532 / Jared Sisk

MC/VISA accepted

BUSINESS FOR SALE: Water well drilling and excavating business in northern Michigan. Equipment, buildings, and property included. Turnkey operation, selling due to health. $1.2 million takes all. Call John, (231) 525-8426.

Phone: (540) 982-8001 Fax: (540) 342-0546 ¾ ¾ ¾

NEW, USED, RENTALS High Pressure Automatic Shutdowns Central Fluid Drains

Water Well Journal May 2011 81/

60 Down Hole Inspection Waterwell Camera Inspection Systems • Portable, Truck or Trailer mounted. • Retrofit compatible with Laval and most geophysical logging winches. • Full repair service and spare parts for CCV, Boretech, Wellcam and Laval cameras and controllers. • Forward and 360 degree side wall viewing color cameras. • Depths to 5,000 feet.

CCV Engineering & Manufacturing An Aries Industries Company

800-671-0383 • 559-291-0383 Fax: 559-291-0463 E-mail: On the web at

75 Electric Motors EQUIPMENT WANTED: Electric motors wanted. Vertical hollow shaft pump motors. 20 to 500 hp good or bad, will pick up. PH: (800) 541-1562.

57 Direct Push Supplies 82 Engines Manufacturer of Pre-Pack Screens

BUCKEYE DRILL COMPANY — CATERPILLAR ENGINES —  CAT ® 51 HP TO RE-POWER 22WB-E WELL DRILL Century Geophysical Corporation 1223 S. 71st E. Ave., Tulsa, OK U.S.A. 74112 Phone (918) 838-9811 Fax (918) 838-1532


PH. 800-767-3745 www.buckeye

i Standard Pre-Pack When You Would Set A Traditional Well

i Economy Pre-Pack When Cost Is A Factor

i 20% Open Area High Yield Pre-Pack For Use In Low Yield Wells

iAll Stainless Steel Pre-Pack For Aggressive Groundwater Environments

i Non-Metal Pre-Pack When Metal Components Are Not Compatible

i Annular Seals Foam Bridges, Bentonite & Quick-Sleeves

iMultiple Sizes Available

1/2-in, 3/4-in, 1-in, 1.25-in, 1.5-in, 2-in **We Stock Geoprobe Compatible Supplies & Tooling** *Proactive Pumps Master Distributor* ®


Toll Free 1-888-240-4328 Phone: 1-609-631-8939 i Fax: 1-609-631-0993 i i

82/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

71 Drilling Equipment

99 Geothermal Services Over 600 distributors nationwide & Canada. NSF Approved Polyethylene Fittings & Pipe Residential & Commercial Flow Centers Radiant Buffer Tanks

H i g g i n s R i g Co. DRILLS & PARTS All Make – All Models Call For Complete List Of New & Used Drills & Parts

MD 510 Geothermal Drill


FREE Call - (800) 292-7447 (270) 325-3300 Fax: (270) 325-3405

Office: 2594 Stiles Ford Rd. Hodgenville, KY Shop: 1797 Bardstown Rd. Hodgenville, KY

Put your company’s message here! Classified advertising is a great way to reach the water well industry. Call Shelby to make arrangements at 1-800-551-7379 ext 523.

76 Elevators J & K To o l C o m p a n y I n c .     

Kwik Klamps 1 & 2 (adjustable 1–2 or 21⁄2– 4) NEW – Kwik Klamp 3 (for 6 PVC) Elevators for PVC well casing (sizes 1–16) Heavy Duty PVC Elevators (sizes 6–8) Flush Joint PVC Pipe Clamps (sizes 4–24) Tel 320-563-4967  Fax 320-563-8051

1 – 16 Elevators All steel with safety latch. SEMCO of Lamar 800-541-1562 Fax 719-336-2402 Credit Cards Accepted

Standard Manufacturing Largest water well pipe elevator manufacturing company in the United States.


(936) 336-6200 (800) 337-0163 Fax: (936) 336-6212 E-Mail: StandardManufacturing Web site:

Dealers Wanted

SkyRex Water Well Elevators 2 thru 36 Also lightweight PVC elevators Now Available! “Complete Reverse Circulation Drill Strings”

Rex McFadden 7931 19th Lubbock, TX 70407

Ph (806) 791-3731 Fax (806) 791-3755

Water Well Journal May 2011 83/

90 Equipment

105 Injection Pumps New Low Prices

The perfect solution for poor well yield is only a click way.


   /87  Use on wells yielding as little as 0.10 gpm.  Turn-key collection and delivery system.  Fits through 24â&#x20AC;? doors.  Good money from bad wells. For more information, log-on or call 800-211-8070. Š Reid Plumbing Products, LLC

,  /0  1.   0 1,,  2 #""1" 34

, 51  6 . , /% 1%  /. 7

, 1 ,. . 7 *,  9,*  8,: *,, *, 

101 Grouters

     !!"#$ %&'!!"(#)#!*+&'!!"(#)!$)# *, -* ,.  


EVER DREAM OF GROUTING A 500â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 6â&#x20AC;? GEOTHERMAL BOREHOLE IN APPROXIMATELY 30 MINUTES? GEO-LOOP MAKES THIS DREAM A REALITY! (or a 330â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 5â&#x20AC;? borehole in approximately 15 minutes) The new Geo-Loop continuous flow 2 Tank 35-500 Diesel Grouter can cut your grouting time in less than half. This new grouter is Well Manager capable of grouting up to 30 GPM Classified Display Ad continuous flow for a non-stop â&#x20AC;&#x153;Solutionâ&#x20AC;? grouting operation. The all new EZ Water Well Journal Load 6000 Sand Loader holds B&Wwell 2 col 4.25â&#x20AC;? x 2â&#x20AC;? over 6000# of sand to allow the 5-15-09 operator to grout deep geothermal 1345 WM boreholes without having to refill. Check out our full line of grout pumps and accessories at: 1-800-580-5965 or 1-712-434-2125

To place a classified advertisement in Water Well Journal, please send ad text to Shelby Fleck by e-mail at or fax to 614 898.7786. Upon receipt, you will be contacted and provided a quote. Thank you! 84/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

115 Mud Pumps Hydraulic drive mud pumps â&#x20AC;&#x201D;small and lightweightâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;

115 Mud Pumps 71/210 duplex pump â&#x20AC;˘ Fits in the place of a 56 â&#x20AC;˘ Pumps 300 GPM at up to 800 PSI â&#x20AC;˘ Weighs 1000 lbs. less than a 56 â&#x20AC;˘ Single and three cylinder models also available

8V H G 03   6& PRX Q W H G  U.S Pat. #6,769,884 and others pending RQ W U D L O H U   I D F W RU \ F H U W L I L H G   Centerline Manufacturing L QF O X G H V    PR  QH Z ZD U U D Q W \ 903-725-6978      F D O O 

106 Installation Accessories


Heat Shrink from B & B Wholesale

Buy Direct from Manufacturer Why pay retail — when you can buy direct We ship any amount to anywhere

Select Environmental Supplies LLC P.O. Box 6036 Concord, NC 28027 56 Monitoring Well Manhole 87 1⁄2 Monitoring Well Manhole 812 Monitoring Well Manhole

$18.25/ea. $22.15/ea. $23.35/ea.

OBSERVATION MONITORING WELL MANHOLES • H-20 Load Rating • 2-Bolt with O-Ring (9⁄16) Bolt Head • Galvanized Skirts with Welded Seam • Aluminum I.D. Tags • Stainless Bolts & Washers with Neoprene Washer

Why pay higher prices for lower quality products? Check out the prices on our Heat Shrink Splice Kits. 3–Wire Kit (for #10/12/14, clear) $1.82 ea. 4–Wire Kit (for #10/12/14, clear) 2.22 ea. 1 ⁄2  3 Tubes (clear) .45 ea. 1 ⁄2  48 Tubes (clear) 8.81 ea.

– custom kits for up to 4/0 wire – volume pricing available – labeling available – choose from 3 types of shrink tubes – also available is a large selection of installation accessories such as pressure gauges, tapes, tank fittings packages, and valves.


We carry prepacked screens and other testing supplies. Call (704) 467-6092 or (704) 425-7838 Fax (704) 795-1638 Visit our Web site We accept Visa and MasterCard

116 Mud Systems

140 Spring Boxes



MUD MIXER CM Consulting & Equipment Jerry Mason Specialist in your drilling and grouting problems. 1640 Oppenheimer Rd., Bedford, PA 15522

(814) 623-1675

(814) 623-7285 FAX

Did you know? Water Well Journal classified advertisementsappear online (at no additional cost) each month at

Order online in May for a 10% discount Visit for the most complete assortment of heat shrink splice kits available. Choose from standard CLEAR kits for wire sizes 14 thru 4. A full range of step down and transition kits as well as splices for wire sizes up to 4/0 are in stock for immediate shipment. Or call: 866-766-2730

139 Slotting Machines J & K To o l C o m p a n y 

PVC Screen Slotting Machines

PVC Threading Machines

Perforating Machines Affordable, easy to operate automated machines with touch screen programming. Tel 320-563-4967  Fax 320-563-8051

Check it out!

Water Well Journal May 2011 85/

125 Pump Hoists 2011 Models S4,000 Pump Hoist, 8,000# cap., 35 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 5T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . $14,245 S6,000 Pump Hoist, 16,000# 3L cap., 35 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 5T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $16,445 S8,000 Pump Hoist, 22,000# 3L cap., 36 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 7T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $20,845 S10,000 Pump Hoist, 30,000# 3L cap., 40 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 9T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $28,545 S12,000 Pump Hoist, 48,000# 4L cap., 44 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 11T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $32,945 S15,000 Pump Hoist, 60,000# 4L cap, 48 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 13T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $40,645 S20,000 Pump Hoist, 80,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 13T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$53,845 S25,000 Pump Hoist, 100,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 100 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 15T safety hook, hydro control and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$61,545 S30,000 Pump Hoist, 120,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 100 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 15T safety hook, hydro control and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$76,945

New Equipment in Stock S6,000, 35 , PTO, RC, PR, 2 spd., aux., blue and white, 11 bed, toolboxes, 2011 Dodge Ram 5500, 6.7L diesel, 6 spd., automatic, 44, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $77,598 S8,000H, 46 , SR, oil cool, 2 spd., PTO, RC, blue, 2-PR, aux., light kit, flatbed, toolboxes, power tong hookup, factory mounting, bumper, w/2011 Dodge 5500, 6.7L, 6 spd., 44, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $92,107

86/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

S30,000, 56 , AS PTO, BO, behind the cab outriggers, cathead, 2 spd., sandreel, AB for sandreel, aux., oil cooler, light kit, power arm, power tong hookup, bed, toolboxes, 2009 Sterling L8500, Cummins 10 spd., red, AB, AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $224,388

Used Equipment in Stock 5T Smeal, 1-PR, flatbed, toolboxes, 2004 Ford F-650, Cummins, 42, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$34,950 M32 Jessen, RC, PR, SB w/1992 GMC Top Kick, 3116 Cat, 5 spd. . . . . . . . . . . $19,500 M33 Monitor, 1-PR, SB, 1995 Ford F-350, 8.5L gas, 5 spd., 42, white . . . . . $18,900

Smeal 3T pump hoist on 1997 Ford F-350 Includes pipe racks, tailgate, remote control, aluminum boxes, and Reese hitch. Only 40,000 miles (hoist installed at 35,000). Like new. $18,500. Northern Illinois. 815-925-7013.

S12,000H SEMCO, 44 , SR, 2 spd., aux., light kit, steel bed, toolboxes, 2006 Intl. 4300, DT466, 6 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $92,107 S12,000H SEMCO, 48 , 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, aux., PR, light kit, 16 bed, toolbox, power tong hookup, 2004 Intl. 4300, DT 466E, D, 6 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $75,344

128 Pump Pullers

S15,000 SEMCO, 48 , PTO, SR, 3-aux., 2 spd., oil cooler, light kit, power arm, power tong hookup, toolbox, 16 bed, 2002 Sterling M7500, Acterra, MBE 200, 6 spd., diesel, black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $76,391 S25,000 SEMCO, 48 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, power arm, 20 bed, toolbox, 2006 Intl. 4400, DT466 L6, 6 spd. . . . . $135,967 S25,000 SEMCO, 52 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 20 bed, toolbox, 2005 Freightliner M2 . . . . . . . . . . $138,702 S30,000 SEMCO, 52 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 18 bed, toolbox, 2007 Freightliner MBE 4000, 10 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$170,446 S30,000 SEMCO, 56 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 20 bed, toolbox, 2005 Intl. 8600 ext. cab, Cat C13, 10 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $178,995


fax 860-658-4288

S30,000 SEMCO, 56 , 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 22 bed, toolbox, 2007 Freightliner M2, MB900, 8 spd. . $194,035

SEMCO Inc. P.O. Box 1216 7695 U.S. Highway 287 North Lamar, CO 81052 (719) 336-9006 / (800) 541-1562 Fax (719) 336-2402 See our ad on page 39.

137 Services REPAIRS: Eastman deviation survey clocks (mechanical drift indicators) repaired. We also have three, six, and twelve degree angle units, charts, and other accessories in stock. Call Downhole Clock Repair, (325) 660-2184.

135 Rigs Enid Drill Systems Inc

Weber Group LC 580-234-5971 Fax 580-234-5980

Contact Kelly 480-229-0748

4510 E Market, Enid, OK 73701 USA


New rigsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;custom designs


Quality rig repair service


New and used equipment needs


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Transfer of Technologyâ&#x20AC;? - the must have book for all drillers!

1998 Ford F-800 diesel. 88,333 miles. Bucyrus Erie 20W pump rig with a 353 Detroit Diesel deck engine. Truck and rig in excellent working order. The unit was rebuilt including the main shafts and clutches. Asking $30,000. Tooling available at extra cost.

FOR SALE: 1977 Gus Pech boring rig with all additions and CAT deck engine. Extensive tools. Excellent condition. Call (515) 547-2575.

132 Rig Equipment

1973 Peterbilt with a Detroit engine. Bucyrus Erie pump rig with a 350 gas deck engine. $40,000. Tooling available at extra cost.

 FOR SALE: 22W, B.E., Series 3, truck and rig. Fair shape. Runs. Call (330) 637-2586. If no answer, leave message.

1985 Ford F-800 diesel. 193,000 miles. Bucyrus Erie pump rig with 353 Detroit Diesel deck engine. Truck and rig in working order. Rig rebuilt including main clutches and shafts. $30,000.

FOR SALE: Failing Jed-A. Detroit 3-53 engine on the draw works and rotary table. 5.9L Cummins engine on the mud pump. 380 of 8 flanged drill pipe. 260 of 5 flanged drill pipe. 24, 30, and 36 drag and roller bits. Also rock trap, stabilizers, heavy drill collar, and kelley hose. Asking $150,000 for rig, spare parts, extra tooling. Call (765) 459-4125. Ask Mark for more information if interested. FOR SALE: 2000 Drilltech D25KW mounted on Sterling truck w/400 drill steel; 1997 Ford L9000, 225 Bobcat Miller welder. $225,000. Call (276) 596-0001 or (276) 596-0056.

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Water Well Journal May 2011 87/

176 Water Level Measurement w w w. w e l l p r o b e . c o m Sonic Water Level Meters Since 1978 Time Tested & Customer Approved 303-443-9609

Ground Water Monitoring Instrumentation

Phone: 760-384-1085

Fax: 760-384-0044

Geokon, Inc. manufactures high quality hydrological instrumentation suitable for a variety of ground water monitoring applications. Geokon instruments utilize vibrating wire technology providing measurable advantages and proven long-term stability. The World Leader in Vibrating Wire Technology Geokon, Incorporated 48 Spencer Street Lebanon, New Hampshire 03766 | USA


1 â&#x20AC;˘ 603 â&#x20AC;˘ 448 â&#x20AC;˘ 1562 1 â&#x20AC;˘ 603 â&#x20AC;˘ 448 â&#x20AC;˘ 3216

Waterline Envirotech Water level indicators made in the USA for over 30 years.


195 Wire Rope 184 Well Packers


Same Day Shipping 88/ May 2011 Water Well Journal



Same Day Shipping

US & Internationally

184 Well Packers

178 Water Treatment

AER-MAXsystems Quality - Service - Price

Is Our Commitment to you!

for sulfur and iron problems

Serving Your Complete Packer Needs i INFLATABLE PACKERS - Water Well, Environmental, Pressure Grout, Wireline. Custom Sizes & Fabrication available i MECHANICAL PACKERS - Freeze Plugs, Custom Applications Call or email us with all your Packer questions!!

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Serving Your Complete Packer Needs i INFLATABLE PACKERS - Water Well, Environmental, Pressure Grout, Wireline. Custom Sizes & Fabrication available i MECHANICAL PACKERS - Freeze Plugs, Custom Applications

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Call or email us with all your Packer questions!!

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Toll-Free: 1-888-572-2537 Email: Fax # : 253-770-0327 Web: Manufactured by Vanderlans & Sons 1320 S. Sacramento St. • Lodi, CA • 209-334-4115 • Fax 209-339-8260

Air Pump Water Solutions, Inc.


Prompt Shipping in the US & Internationally—Usually in just One Day!!

185 Well Rehab

Ph. 303 789-1200 or 800 552-2754 Fx. 303 789-0900

Water Well Journal May 2011 89/

180 Water Trucks

186 Well Screens

Specializing in quality custom built epoxy coated Flattanks any gallon or tank length sizes with or without material handling IMT cranes. All tanks are sandblasted and painted with polyurethane paint. Many options available.

Patent No. 6,868,904


„ 3/4-inch „ 1-inch „ 1.25-inch „ 1.5-inch „ 2-inch

Engineered for convenience and durability, allows the user to operate at any type of drilling operation. Our drill site rig tenders are built with simplicity and functionality. Call us for our used truck – new tank inventory list.

NORTHWEST FLATTANKS Steve Wipf (406) 466-2146 E-mail:

Check out our new Web site

Cell (406) 544-5914


effective way to develop any well more water, less color and turbidity „ Only the surge block method “back washes” the well screen, removing clay bridges, sands and silts „ Flexible wiper creates suction and pulls water into screen (not available with other methods) „ Constructed of inert long-lasting materials „ Capable of lifting water over 50 feet „ Removable ball valve prevents water from flowing back into well and will not clog with sediments „ Fast, effective and saves time and money „ Produces


186 Well Screens

For more information visit: 850.727.4427

Well screen manufacturer: stainless steel, galvanized and carbon steel. Sizes: 0.75" to 24.0" OD. Rod base, pre-pack and pipe base screens. Environmental flush joint monitor pipe, T&C stainless drop pipe, drive points, etc. Contact: Jan or Steve 18102 E. Hardy Rd., Houston, TX 77073 Ph: (281) 233-0214; Fax: (281) 233-0487 Toll free: (800) 577-5068

Add a color to your display classified ad for only $49. ®

Please call Shelby to make arrangements 1-800-551-7379 ext. 523 90/ May 2011 Water Well Journal



Card No./ Page

Card No./ Page

Card No./ Page

Card No./ Page

A.O. Smith Electrical Products 1 14 (937) 667-2431 A.Y. McDonald Mfg. 2 4 (800) 292-2737 Airburst Technologies 3 22 (262) 679-3903 Baroid IDP 4 1 (877) 379-7412 Boshart Industries 5 16 (800) 561-3164 CCV Engineering & Mfg. 6 50 (800) 671-0383 Carmeuse Industrial Sands 7 55 (800) 947-7263 ClimateMaster 8 47 (800) 299-9747 Cotey Chemical 9 71 (806) 747-2096 Design Water Technologies 10 67 (952) 474-4657 (952) 470-6637 (fax) Flexcon Industries 11 15 (781) 986-2424 Foremost Industries 12 33 (800) 661-9190 (403) 295-5834 (fax) Franklin Electric 13 12 (260) 824-2900 GEFCO/ King Oil Tools 14 48 (800) 759-7441 Geo-Hydro Supply 15 25 (800) 820-1005 Geoprobe 速 Systems 16 21 (800) 436-7762 17 73

Grundfos Pumps 18 57 (913) 227-3400 Heron Instruments 19 11 (800) 331-2032 Hoeptner Perfected Products 20 67 (408) 847-7615 Hydroflo Pumps 21 IFC IPI Well Products 22 34 (406) 446-9940 Indar Pumps 23 78 (954) 563-8437 In-Well Technologies 25 76 (920) 829-5690 Jet-Lube 26 63 (800) 538-5823 (713) 678-4604 (fax) kwik-ZIP USA 27 17 (866) 629-7020 Laibe/Versa-Drill 28 9 (317) 231-2250 Little Beaver 29 27 (800) 227-7515 Lorentz Solar Water Pumps 30 OBC (888) 535-4788 (866) 593-0777 Marks Products 31 75 (800) 255-1353 Merrill Mfg. 32 32 (712) 732-2760 Mount Sopris Instruments 33 79 (303) 279-3211 Mud Technology International 34 11 (903) 675-3240

NGWA/Certification 36 37 (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Ground Water Expo 37 65 (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Hydrogeology Course 38 17 (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Membership 39 31 (800) 551-7379 NGWA/NGWREF 40 53 (800) 551-7379 NGWA/WellGuard 41 19 (800) 551-7379 National Pump 42 IBC (800) 966-5240 www.nationalpump North Houston Machine 43 50 (800) 364-6973 Pentair Water 44 7 (262) 728-5551 Phase Technologies 45 72 (866) 250-7934 Powers Electric Products 46 16 (559) 275-3030 Pullmaster Winch 47 79 (604) 594-4444 RigKits 48 52 (888) 364-5891 Robbco Pumps 49 77 (806) 749-7475 South Atlantic Well Drillers JUBILEE 50 75 (540) 740-3329 (540) 740-3393 (fax)

SEMCO 51 39 (719) 336-9006 SIMCO Drilling Equipment 52 20 (800) 338-9925 SMP 53 69 (806) 748-6040 Sonic Drill 54 69 (604) 888-1388 Southwire 55 13 (770) 832-4590 Star Iron Works 56 61 (814) 427-2555 Sumoto 57 74 0444/490515 Sustainable Technologies 58 52 (510) 523-1122 Tibban Mfg. 59 2-3 (760) 954-5655 Unitra 60 35 (281) 240-1500 Waterra 61 10 (360) 738-3366 Windmill 702 62 32 (956) 717-2900 Woodford Mfg. 63 51 (719) 574-1101 WorldWide Electric 64 71 (800) 808-2131 Wyo-Ben 65 25 (800) 548-7055

Welcome New Advertisers! SMP Sustainable Technologies Water Well Journal May 2011 91/



These images are of projects from HOW Global Inc., an organization founded by Rachael Paulson, an honorary member of the National Ground Water Association. HOW stands for Hands on the World and it helps provide the basic needs of water and food by teaching self-sufficiency in impoverished parts of the world. It has done so with the establishment of Green Community Hubs, which are bases in a community where people gather information on repairing and installing water systems, and attending workshops. HOW has completed five hubs in South Africa, bringing water to more than 10,000 people. It is working on five more hubs this year, has started the model in Ghana, and is assessing the start-up of two hubs in Haiti. Photos submitted by Rachael Paulson.

“Closing Time” is the page of Water Well Journal that showcases—you! It will always feature a few pictures of people at work at job sites around the world. Please send in photos and brief descriptions and you just

92/ May 2011 Water Well Journal

may be the subject on the last page of an issue of WWJ. And remember, if your photo is selected as the cover image of WWJ, you receive $250. If your photos are selected, you will be

asked to fill out a photo disclaimer form that grants the National Ground Water Association the royalty-free right to display the photos. Please send high-resolution digital photos to




REBOWL SERVICES INCLUDE: ` Complete Up-Front Inspection Of All Pump Components ` Recommendations On Options To Enhance Pump Performance ` Refurbishment Or Replacement Of Deteriorated Components ` Guaranteed Fit And Interchangeability


` Packing To Mechanical Seal Conversions

` Enclosed, Open Or Semi-Open Impellers, Keyed Or Collet Mounted

` Open Or Enclosed Lineshaft Construction

` Upgrade Impeller And Bowl Materials ` Wear Rings For Enclosed Impellers And Bowls ` Bronze, Rubber, Carbon Or Synthetic Bearings

` Product, Oil Or Water Injection Bearing Lubrication ` Flanged Or Threaded Column Pipe ` Cast Iron, Ductile Iron Or Fabricated Steel Discharge Heads ` Above Or Below Ground Discharges ` Multiple Drivers - Electric Motors, Diesel Engines With Right Angle Gears

Circle card no. 42

Circle card no. 30

May 2011  
May 2011  

Water Well Journal May 2011