Issuu on Google+

Annual Report ICTJA-2012 Institute of Earth Sciences of Barcelona (An international Geosciences research institute)


Foto portada: Caldera of Mount Katmai Alaska (photo by Capt. Budd Christman, NOAA) Disseny i maquetaci贸: Masgrau-Yani, SL

2

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Foreword

The ICTJA main mission is to advance scientific understanding of Earth System Science by improving our knowledge of geological processes, mitigation of geohazards and exploration of geological resources applying advanced experimental and analytical methodologies. Central to our mission is quality training of the next generation of Earth Sciences researchers and technicians. Following the main guidelines of the ICTJAStrategic Plan 2010-2013, during 2012 our research activities have been developed through research projects funded by public competitive sources, both national and European (26%; 365,000.00 造); by industry (48%; 689,000.00 造); agreements with the public sector (17%; 247,140.00 造) and services (9%; 127,930.00 造). These figures are calculated as the yearly granted contribution for pluriannual projects. The number of ISI articles authored or coauthored by ICTJA staff slightly decreased from 77 in 2011 to 68 in 2012, averaging 2.9 pub/res, while total publications amount to 97 (3.73 pub/res). A total 22 of PhD students were trained in 2012, which combined with the actively participation of senior researchers and postdocs (12) in doctorate and master programs, demonstrates our compromise with quality training and teaching of young researchers.

ICTJA has also been quite active in the organization of a number of specialized seminars, conferences, lectures and exhibitions some of which were devoted to disseminating our research results to the society. Among them it is worth highlighting our participation in the GEOflaix! Exhibition, an alternative look at daily objects from the perspective of Earth Sciences, and EXPOMINER. Both events were organized jointly with the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona and the Geological Institute of Catalonia. The scientific infrastructure improved in 2012 with the acquisition of a state-of-the-art X-ray powder diffractometer for the X-Ray Diffraction Service, as well as a significant increase of the seismic stations pool. Needless to say, we are immersed in an international financial and economic crisis, which is particularly acute in Span. This has raised some uncertainties in how to proceed with implementing our plans on the short term. We expect to minimize these uncertainties with the design of a new Strategic Plan for the period 2014-2017. Montserrat Torne Director (from August to December)

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

3


Contents ICTJA at a glance ............................................................................................................................................................6 Our Mission ......................................................................................................................................................................6 Our Aims ...........................................................................................................................................................................7 ICTJA organization chart .............................................................................................................................................8 Service units and Labs................................................................................................................................................10 Scientific Services.......................................................................................................................................................... 12 labGEOTOP Service ............................................................................................................................................ 12 X- Ray Diffraction Service ................................................................................................................................. 13 Paleomagnetism Service (CSIC-UB) .............................................................................................................. 14 Research Laboratories.................................................................................................................................................. 16 Seismic Laboratory ............................................................................................................................................. 16 Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminiscence Laboratory ....................................................................... 17 LARX – X-ray Fluorescence Laboratory ......................................................................................................... 18 U-Th Geochronology Laboratory..................................................................................................................... 19 Scientific Boreholes (Almera-1 & 2) .............................................................................................................. 20 SIMGEO (UB-CSIC)............................................................................................................................................23 Personnel ....................................................................................................................................................................... 24 How to reach us ........................................................................................................................................................... 25 ICTJA Research Groups ............................................................................................................................................. 26 Earth’s structure and dynamics .................................................................................................................................27 Group members ...................................................................................................................................................27 Research outline ................................................................................................................................................. 28 Publications 2012 ............................................................................................................................................... 30 Research projects 2012......................................................................................................................................32 Crystallography and Optical properties ................................................................................................................. 34 Group members .................................................................................................................................................. 34 Research outline ................................................................................................................................................. 34 Publications 2012 ................................................................................................................................................35 Research projects 2012......................................................................................................................................35 Environmental Changes in the Geological Record ............................................................................................... 36 Group members .................................................................................................................................................. 36 Research outline ................................................................................................................................................. 36 Publications 2012 ............................................................................................................................................... 38 Research projects 2012...................................................................................................................................... 41 Geophysical, Geochemical and Geochemical Modelling of Geohazard Processes and Subsurface Resources ......................................................................................................................................... 42 Group members .................................................................................................................................................. 42 Research outline ................................................................................................................................................. 42 Publications 2012 ...............................................................................................................................................44 Research projects 2012..................................................................................................................................... 45 ICTJA 10 highlighted papers ................................................................................................................................... 47 Theses, Seminars and Courses ............................................................................................................................... 66 Outreach Activities .................................................................................................................................................... 70 ICTJA in numbers .........................................................................................................................................................72 Funding (Public & Private) ..........................................................................................................................................72 Scientific Production.....................................................................................................................................................73 SCI articles ............................................................................................................................................................73 Total publications ................................................................................................................................................73

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

5


ICTJA at a glance Our Mission The ICTJA is an international geosciences research institute of excellence whose mission is to advance the understanding of Earth System Science. We will achieve this by applying advanced (forefront) experimental and analytical methodologies to well-defined, knowledge-driven research

6

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

objectives. A key part of our mission is to meet industrial and societal needs through knowledge transfer applied to geohazards and exploration and exploitation of geological resources. Central to our mission is quality training of the next generation of Earth Science researchers and technicians.


The ICTJA at a glance

Our Aims a) Identify new and emerging, high-priority research opportunities.

d) Raise our level of international collaboration.

b) Enhance our training capabilities of the next generation of Earth scientists.

e) Create and translate breakthroughs in knowledge-driven research into practical applications that provide the knowledge transfer that industry and society seeks.

c) Increase our support of early career researchers.

f) Advance knowledge and understanding within and across the different fields of Earth Sciences. One of our aims is to define a research strategy for the period 2014-2017. The imminent launch of Horizon 2020 (H2020) and the recent launch of the National Plan for Scientific and Technological Research and Innovation (PNIDI) include both fundamental and applied science, but their focus is squarely on: a) Societal challenges; b) Training programs and c) Infrastructure. Furthermore, the scarcity of funding that will be raised at a national level requires that we define research strategies for the coming years that maintains and moves forward ICTJA’s momentum and competiveness at both the national and international level. Significantly, these aims must intersect both: • The portfolio of ICTJA research interests and capacities. • The portfolio of HORIZON 2020; PNIDI, and industry interests.

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

7


ICTJA organization chart

8

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

9


Service units and Labs Service Units Management and General Services The Management and General Services depend directly on the Institute’s Manager and provides service to all research groups; services and labs. In particular, the Management Service performs the following tasks: resources. Management of • Human fixed personnel, contract personnel and trainees: taking up their posts, contracts, grants, end of contract, reporting joiners and leavers to the Social Security system, rounds of Social Action funding, handling the paperwork for occupational accidents, residency permits, managing and monitoring holidays, temporary incapacity, medical check-ups, insurance, etc. management. This includes • Project applying for, monitoring and financial management of national and international projects, both public (based on a competitive basis) and private (mainly contracts and agreements with Foundations and Industry). and procurement. This in• Purchasing cludes administrative procurements – purchase of supplies, technical consultancy contracts, service and works contracts, and maintenance – buildings, special infrastructure, technical services, vehicles. The General Services are responsible for maintenance of electrical and mechanical installations and devices; porter; mailing; and cleaning.

10

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

Staff  Manager Eva Cabrera Administrativesupport Leonor Fernández Francisco Mosquera María Consuelo Palacio Esmeralda Rodríguez Elisa Zamorano Maintenance Óscar Ávila Miquel Àngel González Callcenter Xavier Pascual Alejandro Tatevosian Library Dolores Fernández

Computing and Communications Service The main objective of this service is to facilitate the communication and computing tools and basic and advanced services to allow researchers of the ICTJA to achieve their scientific objectives. The unit manages a network infrastructure compose of about 150 medium size computers, a wifi spread throughout the building, some server-oriented computing, storage and connectivity with the Scientifc Ring/RedIris/Geant2. The ICTJA facilitates the access to 5 CSIC research institutes (CID, IBB, CEAB, IBMB and IIBB) to the Scientific Ring "Anella Científica". The Institute also collaborates with the


Service units and Labs

Barcelona Supercomputing Center through the IBM Marenostrum Supercomputer. Project Title: ANIND – “Anella Industrial” Financed by: Fundació I2CAT Years: 2009-2012 PI: Emilio Hernández Staff  Emilio Hernández, Technical Staff (CSIC) Joan Benavent, Technical Staff (CSIC) Marc Español, CSIC-Contract

Library The Library of Geology (UB-CSIC), housed in the Faculty of Geology, is jointly managed by the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Institute of Earth Sciences 'Jaume Almera' (ICTJA-CSIC). Founded in 1966, aims at the dissemination of journal articles, books, maps, etc. in the broad field of the Earth Sciences. The publication of the journal Geological Acta is also managed through this service.

Library Service This library is one of the most important geology libraries in Spain in terms of repository of journals and books and quality of service. Books may be consulted via the computerized catalogues of the CSIC and UB, including Internet. The library has 16,500 volumes and 1054 journals (700 are received regularly), 15,000 maps and 20,000 aerial photographs in addition to the major bibliographic databases (GEOREF, PASCAL, SCI, Current Contents, CINDOC, and bibliography of the Geology of Spain).

Web Biblioteca (ICTJA): http://www.ictja. csic.es/gt/biblio/almerahome.htmlWeb Biblioteca (UB): http://www.bib.ub.edu/ biblioteques/geologia/

Publication of Geologica Acta It is an international general Earth Science journal providing an innovative and highquality media of scientific dissemination. Geologica Acta aims to stimulate rapid diffusion of results and efficient exchange of ideas between the widespread communities of Earth Science researchers (with special emphasis on Latin-American, the Caribbean, Europe, and the Mediterranean regions). The Journal is edited in collaboration with the University of Barcelona. Since 2007, Geologica Acta is included in the Journal Citation Report of ISI Thomson with an Impact Factor (IF) of 1.262 in 2012 and a 5 year IF of 1.653. Web Geologica Acta: http://www.geologica-acta.com/

BIGPI Database The library is currently compiling a database on Bibliography of Earth Sciences of the Iberian Peninsula (BIGPI): it consists of a database of articles, lectures, books, theses, etc. on any aspect of the geology of the Iberian Peninsula with references to Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Mineralogy, Geomorphology, Natural Disasters, Palaeontology, Environment, Soil Science, etc. Web BIGPI: http://www.bib.ub.edu/fileadmin/bigpi/bigpi.htm

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

11


Service units and Labs

Scientific Services labGEOTOP Service The labGEOTOP Service, Laboratory of Elemental and Isotopic Geochemistry for Petrological Applications, carry out multidisciplinary research in Solid Earth Sciences using an established core of world class equipment and laboratories, and expertise in the technical and applied aspects of their use. The service plays a key role in catalysing leading edge cross-disciplinary research within the CSIC and into Spain. The labGEOTOP service provides a central mass of equipment that enables significant scientific collaboration on a regional, national and international scale. We undertake a wide variety of analytical work for scientific institutions and industry. The labGEOTOP offer elemental and isotopic analysis of solids and liquids covering the range of elements determined by high resolution-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

The service focuses on the analytical needsofR&Dprojectson: Compositional structure and evolution of Earth’s mantle: mantle geochemistry mainly through the open window of the volcanic rocks; origin of mantle plumes. Compositional structure and evolution of the lithosphere: geochemical processes at the margins of tectonic plates. Geochemical evolution of magmatic and metamorphic processes. Sedimentary geology and paleoclimate reconstruction: geochronology and processes related to climate change. Volcanism: temporal evolution of pre- and syn-eruptive magmatic processes: geochemical flows related to volcanic activity. Experimental petrology and mineralogy.

• • • • • •

The analytical services provided by the LabGEOTOP go beyond the ICTJA needs and represent a significant breakthrough in the analytical services required by the Spanish and international scientific community on element and isotope geochemistry for process modelling in both whole rock and high resolution single mineral analysis. The labGEOTOP is a Project co-financed by ERDF through the Scientific and Technological Infrastructure National Program in the National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation (R & D) of the Ministry of Science and Innovation, Reference CSIC08-4E-001.

Staff José-Luis Fernandez-Turiel, Scientific Director (CSIC) Marta Rejas, Technical Director (CSIC)

12

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


X- Ray Diffraction Service The X-ray Diffraction Service of the ICTJACSIC is an analytical facility focused on the qualitative and quantitative characterization of the crystalline phases of materials. The XRD Service, with more than 30 years of experience in the field, offers support to ICTJA researchers and also to external users from public and private universities and companies. One of the main objectives of the XRD Service at ICTJA is to support the ongoing investigations carried out by ICTJA researchers on Earth Sciences topics, including studies of volcanology, petrology and sedimentology. The XRD Service offers also support to external researchers working in geology, materials science, environment, chemistry, pharmacy, archaeology, etc. A large number of companies and organizations from the public or private sectors make use of the XRD Service at ICTJA for their industrial applications, quality control, environmental studies, forensics, etc. Rangeofservicesoffered: Identification of crystalline phases Crystal-quality assessment, composition determination and microstructural analyses

• •

and quantitative analy• Semi-quantitative sis of crystalline phases and amorphous

• • •

content Application of the Rietveld method for profile adjustment, structure refinement and quantitative phase analyses Investigation of small or inhomogeneous samples with micro-diffraction Determination of crystalline structures

Someexamplesofapplicationsprovided bythelaboratorytoresearchgroupsand companies: Phase identification and quantification of geological samples. Identification and analysis of clay minerals Analysis of mineral phases in building materials: cement, concrete, aggregates, etc. Study of degraded calcium aluminate cements, identification of fibre cements, etc. Determination of the amorphous content in ashes and synthetic mixtures Study of corrosion products Determination of crystalline silica in respirable airborne dusts by direct-on-filter methods

• • • • •

Staff Jordi Ibañez, Scientific Director (CSIC) Josep Elvira, Technical Director (CSIC) María Soledad Alvarez, Technical Staff (CSIC)

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

13


Service units and Labs

Paleomagnetism Service (CSIC-UB) The Paleomagnetic Laboratory was founded in 1989 as result of an agreement between the CSIC and the Catalonian Geological Service of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Since 1998, the laboratory depends on the CCiTUniversity of Barcelona and the CSIC. The laboratory provides technical support to research groups working on several research topics within the Earth Sciences, among them: dating of sedimen• Magnetostratigraphic tary sequences and correlation with their fossil and paleoenvironmental record.

14

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

dating of archaeologi• Archaeomagnetic cal remains. applied to the study of • Paleomagnetism orogenic belts and plate tectonics. magnetic studies aimed • Environmental to unravelling paleoenvironmental and climatic variations in the sedimentary record.

Staff  Isabel Beamud, Technical Director (UB) Ana Gómez, Technical staff (CSIC) Ylenia Almar, CSIC-Contract


ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

15


Service units and Labs

Research Laboratories Seismic Laboratory The ICTJA Seismic Facility is composed by two main sections, the DataAcquisition Instrumentation Pool and the Seismic Processing Center. The Data AcquisitionInstrumentationPool includes seismic equipments intended to be used in temporary deployments. Broad-band and short period seismic acquisition systems are available to allow managing both shortterm active seismic profiling and long-term passive seismic deployments. The Seismic ProcessingCenter includes up to 10 Linux work stations with dedicated processing software as well as computational libraries.

16

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

The processing lab is also equipped with three main servers and up to 18 TBytes of disk space. The lab also features conectivity with the Barcelona Supercomputing Center that hosts one of the largest computers in Europe the Marenostrum. Furthermore, the lab also has research relationships with other computation, processing, interpretation and modelling facilities such as GEOMODELS (University of Barcelona) and the Barcelona Center for Subsurface Imaging.

Staff  Josep Gallart, Scientific Director Mario RuĂ­z, Technical staff (CSIC)


Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminiscence Laboratory The Laboratory of Raman Spectrocopy and Photoluminiscence is focused on the study of the optical properties of semiconductor materials. Among others, the lab carries out Raman scattering studies on a variety of III-V compound systems such as GaN, InN, InGaN, InAs/GaAs, InGaAs, InP, AlGaSb, InAsSb, GaSb, GaAsN, as well as on ZnO, a II-VI wide band gap material which is intensively being investigated because of its potential applications in transparent electronics and in blue and UV light emitters.

Staff  Lluís Artús, Scientific Director Ramon Cuscó, Senior Research Scientist Jordi Ibañez, Senior Research Scientist

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

17


Service units and Labs

LARX – Laboratory of X-ray Analytical Applications The LARX research laboratory, created in 1994, is an Excellence’s research facility of the ICTJA. The activities of LARX are focused on the development of methodologies for the study of solid matter using X-ray spectroscopies such as X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF, EDXRF, TRXRF and microEDXRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and other solid-state non-invasive analytical tools. Likewise, LARX staff is leading collaborative research projects related to Environmental Geosciences and Geochemistry. Since its creation, the laboratory has also undertaken many teaching and training activities at national and international level, in collaboration with the European X-ray Spectrometry Association (EXSA), the International Atomic Energy Agency

(IAEA) and X-ray instrumentation manufacturing companies. During last decade, and within this initiative have taken several doctoral and master thesis in the fields of environmental pollution and cultural heritage materials. At now, LARX is a joint associated laboratory with the Analytical Chemistry Department of the University of Girona (Spain) and the Hydrogeochemistry Group of the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC). The instrumentation of this infrastructure allows the determination of major, trace and ultra-trace elements in solids (minerals, rocks, particulate matter, filters, industrial wastes, etc.), including chemical mapping and microprobe analysis, layer thickness determination at nanometre scale and chemical speciation. Through research collaborative agreements the laboratory provides technical support for research groups working on: Heritage materials and artworks, • Cultural especially studies of paint pigments, old

• •

coinage and metallic artefacts, manuscripts and wall paint materials. Environmental geochemistry of soil, water and vegetation, including biogeochemical modelling. Forensic research related to the use of inorganic chemistry data

Staff  Ignasi Queralt, Scientific Director

18

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Plomo

Arsénico

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

19


Service units and Labs

U-Th Geochronology Laboratory The Laboratory of Geochronology was founded in 1989 and fully updated in 2010 with the acquisition of of two 8-channel ORTEC alpha spectrometers. These alpha spectrometers were renewed in 2010. The laboratory is specially designed for dating marine and continental carbonates such as travertines, speleothems, endogenic lacustrine carbonates, corals and marine crusts, although it is possible to date primary sulphates (gypsum) and chlorides (halite) using the uranium series desequilibrium method (230Th/234U). The laboratory provides technical support for research groups working on:

20

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

dating of upper Pleistocene • Absolute and Holocene continental and marine carbonate samples for a large variety of purposes such as climate, anthropic, geologic and/or environmental reconstructions. dating of human and other • Absolute archaeological carbonate prehistorical rests.

Staff  Santiago Giralt, Scientific Director CSIC) Graciela Monzon, Technical Director (CSIC)


Service units and Labs

Scientific Boreholes (Almera-1 & 2) Two scientific boreholes were drilled in 2012 in the UB campus of Barcelona as part of the subsurface research studies of the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA) in cooperation with the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB). The Almera-1 borehole is 214.20 m deep and is used as an experimental facility for the development of geophysical data logging methods. The hole Almera-2 is 1 m away from Almera-1, reaching a depth of 46 m, and is meant to carry out routine piezometric measurements and crosshole experiments.

38.0

38.5

39.0

39.5

40.0

A subsurface connection for cables and tools with the borehole and monitoring research lab inside the ICTJA building facilitate long term and continuous monitoring and control from the lab. This facility is equipped with a complete system of geophysical logging tools and borehole monitoring data loggers that are used for testing of new devices and experiments in the frame of ongoing research projects.

40.5

41.0

41.5

Staff  M. JosĂŠ Jurado, Scientific Director (CSIC) JosĂŠ Crespo, JAE-Technician (CSIC)

42.0

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

21


Service units and Labs

57.0

58.0

22

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Service units and Labs

SIMGEO (UB-CSIC) The Laboratory of Geological Processes Simulation (SIMGEO) was created in 1995 a a joint venture between the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA) in the field of experimental and theoretical modelling of geological processes. SIMGEO seeks to promote application of experimental and theoretical models to the study of geological processes and, in particular, processes that involve a risk to people and the environment, through funding raised by public and private research projects and contracts and agreements. SIMGEO offers researchers a large space and equipment to design and develop experimental models. The SIMGEO has a laboratory of experimental petrology and mineral synthesis, a hydraulic channel 16 m length and a computer lab equipped with the necessary software to develop mathematical models and simulations using geographic information systems. Staff  Joan MartĂ­, Scientific co-Director (CSIC) Ferran Colombo, Scientific co-Director (UB)

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

23


Personnel External Pers. - 1 Research Permanent Staff - 26 Contracted Researchers (PhD) - 12 PhD students - 22 Admin. Staff 6 Admin. Staff -6 1 Services staff 5 Services staff -5 10 Technicians Perm. Technicians Perm. Staff Staff - 7 7 Contracted Technicians Contracted Technicians - 10 10

External Pers. 1 External Pers. -1 Research Permanent StaffStaff - 26 26 Research Permanent Contracted Researchers (PhD)(PhD) Contracted Researchers -1212 PhDstudents students - 22 PhD 22 Admin. Staff - 6 Services staff - 5 Technicians Perm. Staff - 7 Contracted Technicians - 10

7

5

5

6

6

22

24

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


How to reach us The Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA) is located at the University Campus of Pedralbes in Barcelona.

Lluís Solé i Sabaris s/n 08028 Barcelona (Spain) Phone: +34 934095410 Fax: +34 934110012

L97-101 L3

7-33-67-75-113 L14-L79-H6

643

al

n iago D . Av

7-33-67-75-L14-L79-L97 L3

PALAU REIAL

Facultat de Biologia

645

er S Carr

Facultat de Química

olé

e Carr ès

qu Fran

Campus UB

rtí i

u

r Pa

e Carr

ICTJA Facultat de Geologia

r Ma

o

gall Gar

aris

i Sab

rM

e Carr

ez y

nd ené

yo Pela

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

25


The ICTJA Research Groups • Earth’s Structure and Dynamics • Crystallography and Optical Properties • Environmental Changes in the Geological Record • Geophysical and Geochemical Modelling of Geohazard Processes and Subsurface Resources

26

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

Earth’s structure and dynamics Group members

Josep Gallart, Group Leader Andrés Perez-Estaún, Research Professor Manel Fernández, Research Professor Ramón Carbonell, Research Professor Dennis Brown, Senior Research Scientist Jaume Vergés, Senior Research Scientist Joaquina Alvarez-Marrón, Senior Research Scientist Jordi Díaz, Senior Research Scientist Montserrat Torne, Senior Research Scientist Antonio Villaseñor, Research Scientist Daniel García-Castellanos, Research Scientist Ivonne Jiménez, Research Scientist Martin Schimmel, Research Scientist Siddique Akhtar, Marie Curie pre-doc Vinyet Baqués, CSIC contract Giovanni Cammani, JAE pre-doc Alberto Carballo, JAE pre-doc Emilio Casciello, CSIC contract post-doc Beatriz Gaite, CSIC contract pre-doc

Alba Gil, FPI pre-doc Jan Globig, Marie Curie pre-doc David Martí, CSIC contract post-doc Juan Diego Martin, CSIC contract technician Ignacio Marzan, CSIC contract post-doc Mar Moragas, CSIC contract Alexandra Robert, CSIC contract post-doc Eduard Saura, JAE post-doc Lavinia Tunini, FPI pre-doc Arantzazu Ugalde, CSIC contract, post-doc

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

27


The ICTJA Research Groups

Research outline The multidisciplinary research investigates the structure and dynamic processes of the Earth’s interior. The main objective is to understand how the Earth works at different scales through the integration of a wide range of different datasets and methodologies, including Geophysics and Geology, Numerical Modeling, Geodesy, and Geochemistry. The acquisition of high resolution seismic, potential field data and surface geology is combined with numerical models to achieve an integrate approach to basic and applied research in Earth Sciences. Related projects to industry include applications for hydrocarbon exploration, waste disposal and geological storage of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2).

28

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

29


The ICTJA Research Groups

Publications 2012 Amblas, D.; Gerber, T. P.; De Mol, B.; Urgeles, R.; Garcia-Castellanos, D.; Canals, M.; Pratson, L. F.; Robb, N.; Canning, J. Survival of a submarine canyon during long-term outbuilding of a continental margin, Geology. Antón, L.; Rodés, A.; De Vicente, G.; Pallàs, R.; Garcia-Castellanos, D.; Stuart, F. M.; Braucher, R.; Bourlès, D. Quantification of fluvial incision in the Duero Basin (NW Iberia) from longitudinal profile analysis and terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide concentration, Geomorphology. Bartol, J.; Matenco, L.; Garcia-Castellanos, D.; Leever, K. Modelling depositional shifts between sedimentary basins: Sediment pathways in Paratethys basins during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Tectonophysics. Brown, D.; Alvarez-Marron, J.; Schimmel, M.; Wu, Y.-M.; Camanni, G. The structure and kinematics of the central Taiwan mountain belt derived from geological and seismicity data. Tectonics. Brown, D.; Zhang, X.; Palomeras, I.; Simancas, F.; Carbonell, R.; Juhlin, C.; Salisbury, M. Petrophysical analysis of a mid-crustal reflector in the IBERSEIS profile, SW Spain. Tectonophysics. Cascella, A; Lirer, F; Cesarano, M; Casciello, E; Pappone. Integrated stratigraphy of middle-late Miocene synporogenic deposits of the eastern southern Apennine Chain: the San Bartolomeo flysch. Rivista, Italiana di Paleontologiia e Stratigrafia. De Lis Mancilla, F.; Stich, D.; Morales, J.; Julià, J.; Díaz, J.; Pazos, A.; Córdoba, D.; Pulgar, J. A.; Ibarra, P.; Harnafi, M.; González-Lodeiro, F. Crustal thickness variations in northern Morocco. Journal of Geophysical Research. Dewit, J.; Huysmans, M.; Muchez, P.; Hunt, D. W.; Thurmond, J. B.; Vergés, J.; Saura, E.; Fernandez, N.; Romaire, I.; Esestime, P.; Swennen, R. Reservoir characteristics of faultcontrolled hydrothermal dolomite bodies: Ramales platform case study. Geological Society Engineering Geology Special Publication. Díaz, J.; Pedreira, D.; Ruíz, M.; Pulgar, J. A.; Gallart, J. Mapping the indentation between the Iberian and Eurasian plates beneath the Western Pyrenees/Eastern Cantabrian Mountains from receiver function analysis. Tectonophysics. Gaite, B.; Iglesias, A.; Villaseñor, A.; Herraiz, M.; Pacheco, J. F. Crustal structure of Mexico and surrounding regions from seismic ambient noise tomography. Geophysical Journal International. Glgala, T.; Vergés, J.; Saura, E.; Malata, T.; Ringenbach, J.-C.; Werner, P.; Krzywiec, P. Architecture and orogenic evolution of the northeastern Outer Carpathians from crosssection balancing and forward modeling. Tectonophysics.

30

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

Jiménez-Munt, I.; Fernández, M.; Saura, E.; Vergés, J.; Garcia-Castellanos, D. 3-D lithospheric structure and regional/residual Bouguer anomalies in the Arabia-Eurasia collision (Iran). Geophysical Journal International. Llana-Fúnez, S.; Brown, D. Contribution of crystallographic preferred orientation to seismic anisotropy across a surface analog of the continental Moho at Cabo Ortegal, Spain. Geological Society of America Bulletin. López-Fernández, C.; Pulgar, J.A.; Díaz, J.; Gallart, J.; González-Cortina, J. M.; Ruíz, M. Seismotectonic characterization of the Becerreá area (NW Spain). Geologica Acta. Martínez Poyatos, D.; Carbonell, R.; Palomeras, I.; Simancas, J. F.; Ayarza, P.; Martí, D.; Azor, A.; Jabaloy, A.; González Cuadra, P.; Tejero, R.; Martín Parra, L. M.; Matas, J.; González Lodeiro, F.; Pérez-Estaún, A.; García Lobón, J. L.; Mansilla, L. Imaging the crustal structure of the Central Iberian Zone (Variscan Belt): The ALCUDIA deep seismic reflection transect. Tectonics . Obrebski, M. J.; Ardhuin, F.; Stutzmann, E.; Schimmel, M. How moderate sea states can generate loud seismic noise in the deep ocean. Geophysical Research Letteres. Stutzmann, E.; Ardhuin, F.; Schimmel, M.; Mangeney, A.; Patau, G. Modelling long-term seismic noise in various environments. Geophysical Journal International. Ventosa, S.; Simon, C.; Schimmel, M. Window length selection for optimum slowness resolution of the local-slant-stack transform. Geophysics. Vergés, J.; Fernández, M. Tethys-Atlantic interaction along the Iberia-Africa plate boundary: The Betic-Rif orogenic system. Tectonophysics.

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

31


The ICTJA Research Groups

Research projects 2012 ProjectTitle: TOPOIBERIA–“Geocienciasen Iberia: estudios integrados de topografíayevolución4D” Financed by: PNIDI-CONSOLIDER: CSD200600041 Years: 2006-2013 PI: Josep GALLART ProjectTitle: RIFSIS–“Estructurasísmicadela cortezabajolacordilleradelRIF” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2009-09727 Years: 2010-2013 PI: Josep Gallart ProjectTitle: SISAT–“Caracterizaciónsísmica delacortezaymantolitosférico delaltoatlas” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2008-01124-E Years:2009-2012 PI: Ivone JIMÉNEZ ProjectTitle: ATIZA–“Caracterizacióndel mantolitosféricodebajode lacadenaorogénicaalpinaa partirdemétodosnuméricos” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2009-09662 Years: 2010-2013 PI: Ivone JIMÉNEZ

32

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

ProjectTitle: PROTAI–“Procesosdecolisión Arco-ContinenteenTaiwan” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2009-11843 Years: 2010-2013 PI: Dennis BROWN ProjectTitle: ALCUDIA WA – “Propiedades físicasdelalitosferaenlaZona CentroIbérica(PenínsulaIbérica)” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2010-17280 Years: 2011-2013 PI: Ramón CARBONELL ProjectTitle: SGR–“Estructuraydinámicade lalitosfera” Financed by: AGAUR - DGR Years: 2009-2013 PI: Ramón CARBONELL ProjectTitle: TECLA–“Interacciónentrelatectónicayelclimaáridodesistemas orogeno-Cuenca” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2011-26670 Years: 2012-2014 PI: Daniel GARCIA


The ICTJA Research Groups

ProjectTitle: EPOS–“EuropeanPlate ObservingSystem” Financed by: European Union: 7PM-PP 26229 Years: 2010-2014 PI: Josep GALLART ProjectTitle: NERA – “Network of European Research Insfrastructures for Eartquake Risk Assessment and Migration” Financed by: European Union: 7PM-PP 262330 Years:2010-2014 PI:Josep GALLART ProjectTitle: TOPOMOD–“SculptingtheEarth’s topography:insightsfrommodelling deep-surfaceprocesses” Financed by: European Union: 7PM- RTN 264157 Years:2011-2014 PI:Manel FERNÁNDEZ

ProjectTitle: “Estudiogeológicoparaelalmacenamientoysecuestrogeológico deCO2” Financed by: Fundación CIUDEN Years:2007-2012 PI: Andrés PEREZ ProjectTitle: “Integratedstructuralandgeodynamics gological research studies” Financed by: STATOIL-HYDRO PETROLEUM ASA Years: 2008-2013 PI:Jaume VERGÉS ProjectTitle: “SeguimientoGeofísicodelconfinamientogeológicodeCO2” Financed by: REPSOL YPF S. A. Years: 2010-2013 PI:Antonio VILLASEÑOR

ProjectTitle: TOPOMED–“LaTectónicadelarco deGibraltarylaCordilleradelAtlas: causas litosfericas y efectos topográficos” Financed by: ESF-EUROCORES/PNIDI-CGL: CGL2008-03474-E (EUROCORES-ESF) Years:2008-2013 PI: Manel FERNÁNDEZ

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

33


The ICTJA Research Groups

Crystallography and Optical properties Group members Lluís Artus, Group Leader Ramon Cuscó, Senior Research Scientist Jordi Ibáñez, Research Scientist Núria Domènech, FPU pre-doc Robert Oliva, FPI pre-doc

34

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

Research outline This line of research is focused on the study of the optical properties of semiconductor materials. Over the past few years we have carried out Raman scattering studies on a variety of III-V compound systems such as GaN, InN, InGaN, InAs/GaAs, InGaAs, InP, AlGaSb, InAsSb, GaSb, GaAsN, as well as on ZnO, a II-VI wide band gap material which is intensively being investigated because of its potential applications in transparent electronics and in blue and UV light emitters.


The ICTJA Research Groups

Publications 2012 Cuscó, R; Domènech-Amador, N; Artús, L; Wang, K; Yamaguchi, T; Nanishi, Y. Temperature dependence of Mg-H local vibrational modes in heavily doped InN:Mg. Journal of Applied Physics. Domènech-Amador, N.; Cuscó, R.; Artús, L.; Stoica, T.; Calarco, R. Longer InN phonon lifetimes in nanowires. Nanotechnology. Domènech-Amador, N.; Cuscó, R.; Calarco, R.; Yamaguchi, T.; Nanishi, Y.; Artús, L. Double resonance Raman effects in InN nanowires. Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters. Ibáñez, J.; Rapaport, A.; Boney, C.; Oliva, R.; Cuscó, R.; Bensaoula, A.; Artús, L. Raman scattering by folded acoustic phonons in InGaN/GaN superlattices. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. Ibáñez, J.; Segura, A.; García-Domene, B.; Oliva, R.; Manjón, F. J.; Yamaguchi, T.; Nanishi, Y.; Artús, L. High-pressure optical absorption in InN: Electron density dependence in the wurtzite phase and reevaluation of the indirect band gap of rocksalt InN. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Jiménez-Riobóo, R. J.; Cuscó, R.; Domènech-Amador, N.; Prieto, C.; Yamaguchi, T.; Nanishi, Y.; Artús, L. Surface acoustic waves and elastic constants of InN epilayers determined by Brillouin scattering. Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters. Jiménez-Riobóo, R. J.; Cuscó, R.; Oliva, R.; Domènech-Amador, N.; Prieto, C.; Ibáñez, J.; Boney, C.; Bensaoula, A.; Artús, L. Brillouin scattering determination of the surface acoustic wave velocity in In xGa 1-xN: A probe into the elastic constants. Applied Physics Letters. Oliva, R.; Ibáñez, J.; Cuscó, R.; Kudrawiec, R.; Serafinczuk, J.; Martínez, O.; Jiménez, J.; Henini, M.; Boney, C.; Bensaoula, A.; Artús, L. Raman scattering by the E 2h and A 1(LO) phonons of In xGa 1-xN epilayers (0.25 < x < 0.75) grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Journal of Applied Physics. Valdueza-Felip, S.; Ibáñez, J.; Monroy, E.; González-Herráez, M.; Artús, L.; Naranjo, F. B. Improvement of InN layers deposited on Si(111) by RF sputtering using a low-growth-rate InN buffer layer. Thin Solid Films.

Research projects 2012 ProjectTitle: OPTOFOT“Propiedadesópticasdematerialesoptoelectrónicosyfotovoltaicos” Financed by: PNIDI-MAT: MAT2010-16116 Years:2011-2014 PI:Lluís ARTÚS

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

35


The ICTJA Research Groups

Environmental Changes in the Geological Record Group members

José Luis Fernandez-Turiel, Group Leader Ramón Julià, Research Professor Pere Anadón, Senior Research Scientist Santiago Giralt, Research Scientist Rosa Utrilla, Research Scientist Antonio Vázquez, Research Scientist Agustín Lobo, Scientist CSIC contract Miriam Gómez Paccard, JAE post-doc María Jesús Rubio, FPI pre-doc Guiomar Sánchez, JAE pre-doc

Research outline Our multidisciplinary group promotes the reconstruction of environmental and climate changes, their causes, and dynamic interactions through the multiproxy characterization of the geologic record. Throughout the history of our planet, the geological processes in general and climate change in particular have fingerprinted the sedimentary record. Furthermore, the increasing anthropogenic influence in the recent past is also readily identifiable in this geological record. This research is carried out using a multiproxy approach and focuses on lake sedimentology and global change, impact of

36

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

geological and anthropogenic processes on the natural geochemical balances, sedimentary processes and biomineralization, geochronological dating and physical and magnetic properties of the sediments as indicators of environmental and climatic processes. The objective of the research group is the robust and accurate reconstruction of past climate oscillations and environmental fluctuations as well as identify short, medium and long term trends of these changes through the multiproxy characterization of the geological sedimentary record. These reconstructions provide valuable data to put into a broad temporal perspective the current climate and environmental trends as well as they provide useful insights about which has been the historical and current anthropogenic role in the recent evolution of the Earth. These climatic and environmental reconstructions also provide data that allows the establishment of possible future climatic and environmental scenarios. To achieve this goal the group is developing the following research lines:- reconstruction of climatic and environmental changes using a high temporal resolution multiproxy approach of lacustrine sedimentary records;- determining the geochemical impact of large-scale geological processes (e.g., explosive volcanic eruptions or floods);evaluating the relationships between processes and sedimentary environments and biomineralization, and- characterizing physical and magnetic properties of the sedimentary record as proxies of climatic and environmental events.


ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

37


The ICTJA Research Groups

Publications 2012 Bernárdez, P.; Prego, R.; Giralt, S.; Esteve, J.; Caetano, M.; Parra, S.; Francés, G. Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of surficial sediments from the Northern Rias: Implications for sediment provenance and impact of the source rocks. Marine Geology. Cañellas-Boltà, N.; Rull, V.; Sáez, A.; Margalef, O.; Giralt, S.; Pueyo, J. J.; Birks, H. H.; Birks, H. J. B.; Pla-Rabes, S. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: Towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. Quarternary Science Reviews. Carracedo, J. C.; Perez-Torrado, F. J.; Rodríguez-González, A.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Klügel, A.; Troll, V. R.; Wiesmaier, S. The ongoing volcanic eruption of El Hierro, Canary Islands. Eos. Catanzariti, G.; Gómez-Paccard, M.; Mcintosh, G.; Pavón-Carrasco, F. J.; Chauvin, A.; Osete, M. L. New archaeomagnetic data recovered from the study of Roman and Visigothic remains from central Spain (3rd-7th centuries). Geophysical Journal International. Currás, A.; Zamora, L.; Reed, J. M.; García-Soto, E.; Ferrero, S.; Armengol, X.; MezquitaJoanes, F.; Marqués, M. A.; Riera, S.; Julià, R. Climate change and human impact in central Spain during Roman times: High-resolution multi-proxy analysis of a tufa lake record (Somolinos, 1280m asl). Catena. Díaz-Hernández, J. L.; Juliá, R. Comments on "Quaternary landscape evolution and erosion rates for an intramontane Neogene basin (Guadix-Baza basin, SE Spain)" by J. V. Pérez-Peña, J. M. Azañón, A. Azor, P. Tuccimei, M. Della Seta, M. Soligo, (2009) Geomorphology 106, 206-21. Geomorphology. Gil, A.; Fonseca, C.; Lobo, A.; Calado, H. Linking GMES Space Component to the development of land policies in outermost regions - The Azores (Portugal) case-study. Rivista Italiana di Telerilevamento Gómez-Paccard, M.; Chauvin, A.; Lanos, P.; Dufresne, P.; Kovacheva, M.; Hill, M. J.; Beamud, E.; Blain, S.; Bouvier, A.; Guibert, P. Improving our knowledge of rapid geomagnetic field intensity changes observed in Europe between 200 and 1400 AD. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters. Gómez-Paccard, M.; Larrasoaa, J. C.; Giralt, S.; Roberts, A. P. First paleomagnetic results of mid-to late Holocene sediments from Lake Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan): Implications for paleosecular variation in central Asia. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. Gómez-Paccard, M.; López-Blanco, M.; Costa, E.; Garcés, M.; Beamud, E.; Larrasoaña, J. C. Tectonic and climatic controls on the sequential arrangement of an alluvial fan/fandelta complex (Montserrat, Eocene, Ebro Basin, NE Spain). Basin Research.

38

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

Gómez-Paccard, M.; McIntosh, G.; Chauvin, A.; Beamud, E.; Pavón-Carrasco, F. J.; Thiriot, J. Archaeomagnetic and rock magnetic study of six kilns from North Africa (Tunisia and Morocco). Geophysical Journal International. Höbig, N.; Weber, M. E.; Kehl, M.; Weniger, G.-C.; Julià, R.; Melles, M.; Fülöp, R.-H.; Vogel, H.; Reicherter, K. Lake Banyoles (northeastern Spain): A Last Glacial to Holocene multiproxy study with regard to environmental variability and human occupation. Quaternary International. Ligios, S.; Anadón, P.; Castorina, F.; D'Amico, C.; Esu, D.; Gliozzi, E.; Gramigna, P.; Mola, M.; Monegato, G. Ostracoda and Mollusca biodiversity and hydrochemical features in Late Miocene brackish basins of Italy. Geobios. Lobo, A.; Ara, F.; Baró, F.; Camino, C. Geospatial analysis for conservation: Applications with open-source software in the Natural Parks of Barcelona. Applied Geomatics. Maroto, J.; Julià, R.; López-García, J. M.; Blain, H. A. Chronological and environmental context of the Middle Pleistocene human tooth from Mollet Cave (Serinyà, NE Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Human Evolution. Maroto, J.; Vaquero, M.; Arrizabalaga, Á.; Baena, J.; Baquedano, E.; Jordá, J.; Julià, R.; Montes, R.; Van Der Plicht, J.; Rasines, P.; Wood, R. Current issues in late Middle Palaeolithic chronology: New assessments from Northern Iberia. Quaternary International. McNamara, M. E.; Orr, P. J.; Alcalá, L.; Anadón, P.; Peñalver, E. What controls the taphonomy of exceptionally preserved taxaenvironment or biology? A case study using frogs from the Miocene Libros Konservat- Lagerstätte (Teruel, Spain). Palaios. Mcnamara, M. E.; Orr, P. J.; Manzocchi, T.; Alcalá, L.; Anadón, P.; Peñalver, E. Biological controls upon the physical taphonomy of exceptionally preserved salamanders from the Miocene of Rubielos de Mora, northeast Spain. Lethaia. Reyes-Garcia, V; Ledezma, JC; Paneque-Galvez, J; Orta, M; Gueze, M; Lobo, A; Guinart, D; Luz, AC. Presence and Purpose of Nonindigenous Peoples on Indigenous Lands: A Descriptive Account from the Bolivian Lowlands. Society and Natural Resources. Rodríguez-González, A.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Perez-Torrado, F. J.; Paris, R.; Gimeno, D.; Carracedo, J. C.; Aulinas, M. Factors controlling the morphology of monogenetic basaltic volcanoes: The Holocene volcanism of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). Geomorphology. Ruggieri, F.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Saavedra, J.; Gimeno, D.; Polanco, E.; Amigo, A.; Galindo, G.; Caselli, A. Contribution of volcanic ashes to the regional geochemical balance: The 2008 eruption of Chaitén volcano, Southern Chile. Science of the Total Environment.

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

39


The ICTJA Research Groups

Ruggieri, F.; Gil, R. A.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Saavedra, J.; Gimeno, D.; Lobo, A.; Martínez, L. D.; Rodríguez-González, A. Multivariate factorial analysis to design a robust batch leaching test to assess the volcanic ash geochemical hazard. Journal of Hazardous Materials. Serrano, O.; Mateo, M. A.; Renom, P.; Julià, R. Characterization of soils beneath a Posidonia oceanica meadow. Geoderma. Tema, E.; Gómez-Paccard, M.; Kondopoulou, D.; Almar, Y. Intensity of the Earth's magnetic field in Greece during the last five millennia: New data from Greek pottery. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T.; Sigró, J.; Giralt, S. Connection between El Niño-Southern Oscillation events and river nitrate concentrations in a Mediterranean river. Science of the Total Environment.

40

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

Research projects 2012 ProjectTitle: GRACCIE – “Multidisciplinary ResearchConsortiumonGradualand AbruptClimateChangesandtheir Impactsontheenvironment” Financed by: PNIDI CONSOLIDER - CSD200700067 Years: 2007-2012 PI: Santiago GIRALT ProjectTitle: PALEONANO–“EvolucióndelaNAO durantelosúltimos15000añosenla PenínsulaIbéricayenAzores,apartirdelestudioderegistroslacustres ydatosclimáticosinstrumentales” Financed by: PNIDI CGL - CGL2010-15767 Years: 2007-2012 PI: Santiago GIRALT ProjectTitle: INCABIO–“Aplicacióndeindicadoresgeoquímicosencarbonatosbiogénicosestudiadosenlaboratorioen lareconstrucciónpaleoambientalde secuenciaslacustres” Financed by: PNIDI CGL - CGL2008-00594 Years: 2009-2012 PI: Pere ANADON ProjectTitle: INTERAMBAR – “Integración de datos paleoambientales y arqueológicos para la interpretación de las interacciones climático-socioambientalesenunacuencadelNE peninsularduranteelHolocenoI”

Financed by: PNIDI CGL - CGL2009-12676-CO2-01 Years: 2012-2014 PI: Ramón JULIA ProjectTitle: LACATALAS – “Caracterización ambiental de sistemas lacustres miocenos con faunas de afinidad marina de las cuencas del Duero yEbro:Geoquímicadecarbonatos biogénicosypalinología” Financed by: PNIDI CGL - CGL2011-23438 Years: 2012-2014 PI: Pere ANADON ProjectTitle: QUECA–“Impactosmedioambientalesdeerupcionescuaternariasen losAndesCentrales:Modeladopara laprevencióndelosefectosdefuturaserupciones” Financed by: PNIDI CGL - CGL2011-23307 Years:2012-2014 PI:José Luis FERNANDEZ-TURIEL ProjectTitle: FLUXPIR – “Proyecto FLUXPYRRED Transfronteriza para la determinaciónygestióndeflujosde agua,carbonoyenergíabajocambioclimáticoensistemasagrícolas ypastoralesdelPirineo” Financed by: Instituto de Geomática Years: 2010-2012 PI:Agustí LOBO

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

41


The ICTJA Research Groups

Geophysical, and Geochemical Modelling of Geohazard Processes and Subsurface Resources Group members From a multidisciplinary point of view, the research is focused on the physics of hazardous geological processes, development of analytical tools for geochemistry, borehole geophysics and remote sensing. Among the most important techniques we highlight: Joan Martí, Group Leader Ignasi Queralt, Senior Research Scientist María José Jurado, Research Scientist Carles Soriano, Research Scientist Stèphanie Barde-Cabusson, JAE post-doc Adelina Geyer, JdlC post-doc Marta Tarraga, JAE post-doc Stefania Bartolini, JAE pre-doc Dario Pedrazzi, JAE pre-doc Helena Gallardo, FPI pre-doc Raquel Noriega, FPI pre-doc Silvia Aragó, Contract CSIC pre-doc Laura Becerril, Contract CSIC pre-doc Xavier de Bolos, Contract CSIC pre-doc Sara Quesada, Contract CSIC pre-doc Rosa Maria Sobradelo, Contract CSIC pre-doc

Research outline Geological, geochemical and geophysical studies are applied to model natural processes that can become geological hazards. These studies include research topics related to volcanism, seismology, landslides or geochemical transfer in subsurface and surface land.

42

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

imulation of geological processes using a • Scombination of numerical & experimental methods Application of X-ray radiation for the study of materials and residual waters Borehole geophysics and subsurface imaging Development of new algorithms for remote sensing and geographic information systems.

• • •


The ICTJA Research Groups

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

43


The ICTJA Research Groups

Publications 2012 Barde-Cabusson, S.; Finizola, A.; Peltier, A.; Chaput, M.; Taquet, N.; Dumont, S.; Duputel, Z.; Guy, A.; Mathieu, L.; Saumet, S.; Sorbadère, F.; Vieille, M. Structural control of collapse events inferred by self-potential mapping on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Bolas, X.; Barde-Cabusson, S.; Pedrazzi, D.; MartÃ, J.; Casas, A.; Himi, M.; Lovera, R. Investigation of the inner structure of La Crosa de Sant Dalmai maar (Catalan Volcanic Zone, Spain). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Doronzo, D. M.; Martí, J.; Sulpizio, R.; Dellino, P. Aerodynamics of stratovolcanoes during multiphase processes. Journal of Geophysical Research. García, O.; Bonadonna, C.; Martí, J.; Pioli, L. The 5,660 yBP Boquerón explosive eruption, Teide-Pico Viejo complex, Tenerife. Bulletin of Volcanology. Geyer, A.; Martí, J. Applying Benford’s law to volcanology. Geology. Geyer, A.; Phillips, J. C.; Mier-Torrecilla, M.; Idelsohn, S. R.; Oñate, E. Flow behaviour of negatively buoyant jets in immiscible ambient fluid. Experiments in Fluids. Marguí, E.; Hidalgo, M.; Queralt, I.; Van Meel, K.; Fontàs, C. Analytical capabilities of laboratory, benchtop and handheld X-ray fluorescence systems for detection of metals in aqueous samples pre-concentrated with solid-phase extraction disks. Spectrochimica Acta - Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. Martí, J.; Sobradelo, R.; Felpeto, A.; García, O. Eruptive scenarios of phonolitic volcanism at Teide-Pico Viejo volcanic complex (Tenerife, Canary Islands). Bulletin of Volcanology. Masterlark, T.; Feigl, K. L.; Haney, M.; Stone, J.; Thurber, C.; Ronchin, E. Nonlinear estimation of geometric parameters in FEMs of volcano deformation: Integrating tomography models and geodetic data for Okmok volcano, Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research. Pitarch, A.; Álvarez-Pérez, A.; Castro, K.; Madariaga, J. M.; Queralt, I. Raman analysis assessed by Fourier-Transformed infrared and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopies: A multi-analytical approach of ancient chromolithographs from the 19th century. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. Pitarch, A.; Ramón, A.; Álvarez-Pérez, A.; Queralt, I. Characterization of “oil on copper” paintings by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. Skorek, R.; Turek, E.; Zawisza, B.; MarguÃ, E.; Queralt, I.; Stempin, M.; Kucharski, P.; Sitko, R. Determination of selenium by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using dispersive solid-phase microextraction with multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid sorbent. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry.

44

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


The ICTJA Research Groups

Soriano, C.; Riggs, N.; Giordano, G.; Porreca, M.; Conticelli, S. Cyclic growth and mass wasting of submarine Los Frailes lava flow and dome complex in Cabo de Gata, SE Spain. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Tárraga, M.; de la Cruz-Reyna, S.; Mendoza-Rosas, A. T.; Carniel, R.; Martínez-Bringas, A.; García, A.; Ortíz, R. Dynamical parameter analysis of continuous seismic signals of Popocatépetl volcano (Central Mexico): A case of tectonic earthquakes influencing volcanic activity. Acta Geophysica.

Research projects 2012 ProjectTitle: TRAGUA-“Tratamientoyreutilizacióndeaguasresiduales” Financed by: PNIDI-CONSOLIDER: CSD2006-0041 Years: 2006-2012 PI: Ignasi QUERALT ProjectTitle: IMPAS-“Aplicacióndeaguano convencional(tratada-desalada) yfangosprocedentesdedepuradorasurbanasysuimpactoen elmedioacuíferoysuelos-estudiosdecampoylaboratorio” Financed by: PNIDI-CGLI: CGLI22168-C03-01 Years: 2011-2013 PI: Ignasi QUERALT ProjectTitle: GEOSUB/2–“Investigaciónen proyectosdeperforacióndelICDP: Preparacióndeunnuevoproyecto” Financed by: PNIDI-ACI: ACI2008-0773 Years: 2009-2013 PI: María José JURADO

ProjectTitle: PROPER – “Investigación y monitorización de fallas sismogenicas ensondeosparalaelaboraciónde unapropuestadeperforaciónalICDP paraperforaciónenelSEPeninsular” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2010-21568 Years: 2011-2014 PI: María José JURADO ProjectTitle: PLUVOL–“Estudiodelaconexiónplutonico-volcanicaensupervolcanes” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2010-22022-C02-02 Years: 2011-2013 PI: Joan MARTÍ ProjectTitle: CROSAND–“Determinacióndela edadypeligrosidaddelvolcardela CrosadeSantDalmai(Girona)” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2010-12338-E Years: 2011-2012 PI: Joan MARTÍ

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

45


The ICTJA Research Groups

ProjectTitle: ELASTEIDE–“Determinaciónexperimental de propiedades geológicas demagmasdebajaviscosidaddel Teide:Investigaciónpreliminarsobre su importancia en la dinámica eruptiva” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2010-11983-E Years:2011-2012 PI: Joan MARTÍ ProjectTitle: VPARK–“1RCongresointernacionalsobregestiónydivulgaciónde paisajesvolcánicosprotegidos(VOLCANPARK)” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2011-13699-E Years: 2011-2012 PI: Joan MARTÍ ProjectTitle: HIERRO/DOS–“Interpretaciónde lafasedeinestabilidadprecursora delaerupcióndelHierro2011” Financed by: PNIDI-CGL: CGL2011-16144-E Years:2012-2013 PI:Joan MARTÍ ProjectTitle: PEVOLDEC–“AnálisisdelapeligrosidadvolcánicadelaisladeDecepción” Financed by: PNIDI-CTM: CTM2011-13578-E Years: 2012-2013 PI: Adelina GEYER

46

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

ProjectTitle: VUELCO–“VolcanicunrestinEurope andLatinAmerica:Phenomenology, eruptionprecursors,hazardforecast, andriskmitigation” Financed by: European Union: Project # 282759 Years:2011-2015 PI: Joan MARTÍ ProjectTitle: “Investigacióndelsubsuelomediante sondas geofísicas. Estudios entre sondeosymonitorización” Financed by: Foundation “Ciudad de la Energía” Years: 2009-2012 PI: María José JURADO ProjectTitle: EXPLOTUN–“RealizacióndelproyectoExplotun(TécnicasdeExploración delterrenoymejorasdelmismoen elfrentedelatuneladora” Financed by: Dragados S.A. Years:2010-2012 PI:María José JURADO ProjectTitle: “Desarrollo de actividades de investigacióndelsubsuelomediante testificacióngeofísica” Financed by: IGME “Instituto Geológico y Minero de España” Years:2010-2013 PI:María José JURADO


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers Improving our knowledge of rapid geomagnetic field intensity changes observed in Europe between 200 and 1400 ad. Available archaeomagnetic data indicate that during the past 2500 yr there have been periods of rapid geomagnetic field intensity fluctuations interspersed with periods of almost constant field strength. Despite Europe being the most widely covered region in terms of archaeomagnetic data the occurrence and the behaviour of these rapid geomagnetic field intensity changes is under discussion and the challenge now is to precisely describe them. The aim of this study is to obtain an improved description of the sharp intensity change that took place in western Europe around 800 AD as well as to investigate if this peak is observed at the continental scale. For this purpose 13 precisely dated early medieval Spanish pottery fragments, four archaeo-

logical French kilns and three collections of bricks used for the construction of different French historical buildings with ages ranging between 335 and 1260 AD have been studied. Classical Thellier experiments performed on 164 specimens, and including anisotropy of thermoremanent magnetisation and cooling rate corrections, gave 119 reliable results. The 10 new high-quality mean archaeointensities obtained confirm the existence of an intensity maximum of ~85 ÂľT (at the latitude of Paris) centred at ~800 AD and suggest that a previous abrupt intensity change occurred around 600 AD. Together with previously published data from western Europe that we deem to be the most reliable, the new data also suggest the existence of two other abrupt

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

47


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

geomagnetic field intensity variations during the 12th century and around the second half of the 13th century AD. High-quality archaeointensities available from eastern Europe indicate that very similar geomagnetic field intensity changes occurred in this region. European data indicate that very rapid intensity changes (of at least 20 µT/ century) took place in the recent history of the Earth’s magnetic field. The results call for additional high-quality archaeointensities obtained from precisely dated samples and for a selection of the previ-

48

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

ously published data if a refined description of geomagnetic field intensity changes at regional scales is to be obtained.

Reference Gómez-Paccard, M.; Chauvin, A.; Lanos, P.; Dufresne, P.; Kovacheva, M.; Hill, M.J.; Beamud, E.; Blain, S.; Bouvier, A.; Guibert, P. Earth and Planet., Sci. Lett.,355-356 (2012), 131-143 http://dx.doi.org/10,10176/j. epsi.2012.08.037.


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Contribution of crystallographic preferred orientation to seismic anisotropy across a surface analog of the continental moho at cabo Ortegal, Spain The lithostratigraphic sequence of the Upper Allochthon of the Cabo Ortegal complex in northwestern Spain provides an excellent analog for the direct study of petrophysical properties of the continental Moho transition. The various lithologies present were sampled for velocity measurements on minicores and determination of seismic velocities through microstructural analyses, with emphasis on the crustal part of the sequence. Here, we present data from electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) to determine the crystallographic preferred orientation of all major rock-forming minerals. The orientation data are then combined with the elastic properties, densities, and modal fractions of the mineral phases to calculate P-wave and S-wave velocities. Calculated velocities coincide very well with direct measurements made on minicores of the same samples in the high-pressure laboratory. The three-dimensional velocity patterns show the significant contribution of the crystallographic preferred orientation of certain constituent minerals on the bulk properties of the rock. The bulk anisotropic signal is dominated by highly anisotropic phases that are susceptible to both shape and crystal preferred orientation. Factors of particular importance are small modal fractions of micas in gneisses, and amphiboles and clinopyroxenes in eclogites and high-pressure granulites. In the lowercrustal rocks, the direction of maximum P-wave velocities, although contained in the foliation plane, does not coincide with

the orientation of the mineral and stretching lineation and therefore cannot be used as an indicator of the main strain direction in rocks. The maximum seismic birefringence is often contained within the foliation plane but very rarely coincides with the lineation. gneisses

eclogites

high pressure granulites

ultramafics

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

49


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Our data set also illustrates the strong effect of the breakdown reactions of clinopyroxene and the appearance of plagioclase on the petrophysical properties of mafic lowercrustal rocks. While it does not enhance anisotropy, it does produce a drop in velocity and as a consequence enhances the reflectivity of the contact between lower-crustal rocks and ultramafics from the mantle.

Reference Llana-FĂşnez, S. and Brown, D. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 124, 9 (2012), 1495-1513 http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/B30568.1

50

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Survival of a submarine canyon during long-term outbuilding of a continental margin Net-depositional submarine canyons are common in continental slope strata, but how they survive and prograde on constructional margins is poorly understood. In this study we present field evidence for the coevolution of a submarine canyon and the adjacent continental slope. Using a three-dimensional seismic data cube that images the Ebro margin (northwest Mediterranean), we identify a preserved canyon on a middle Pleistocene paleosurface and relate it directly to its expression on the present-day seafloor. A subparallel stacking pattern of seismic reflectors, similar to that seen between prograding clinoforms in intercanyon areas, is observed between the modern and paleocanyon thalwegs. The concavity of the modern long profile differs

from the convex-concave long profile on the middle Pleistocene surface, suggesting a long-term change in canyon sedimentation. We interpret this change as a shift to a canyon dominated by turbidity currents from one strongly influenced by the pattern of sedimentation that built the openslope canyon interfluves. We find support for our interpretation in previous studies of the Ebro margin.

Reference Amblas, D.; Gerber, T. P.; De Mol, B.; Urgeles, R.; Garcia-Castellanos, D.; Canals, M.; Pratson, L. F.; Robb, N.; and Canning, Geology, 40, 6 (2012), 543-546 http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G33178.1

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

51


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

52

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

53


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Applying benford’s law to volcanology Benford’s law predicts that the distribution of first digits of real-world observations is not uniform, but instead the lower digits (1, 2, and 3) occur more frequently than the higher ones (… , 8, 9). It has been shown that the use of Benford’s law may help as a validity check on databases, and that the first-digit rule may provide new ways to detect anomalous signals in data sets. In fact, nonconformity to Benford’s law could be an indicator of (1) incompleteness, (2) excessive data round-off, or (3) data errors, inconsistencies, or anomalies. This law has long been known, but has received little attention, in earth sciences. In this work, we first test the conformity of three volcanolo-

54

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

gy-related data sets, and then we consider the relevance and potential utility of using Benford’s law to assess the integrity and authenticity of the presented volcanological data. The first two data sets are the area in square kilometers and age in years of collapse calderas extracted from the Collapse Caldera Database (CCDB), covering areas from 0.03 to 4700 km2 and ages from a few years to 2000 Ma. The third data set is the duration in days of the volcanic eruptions that occurred between A.D. 1900 and 2009 according to the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program catalogue (http://www.volcano.si.edu). Results obtained indicate that the volcanological data


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

sets of this study follow Benford’s law. The present analysis shows that excessive data round-off, data errors, or anomalies may be detected when comparing the data with Benford’s law expected frequencies.

Reference Geyer, A. and Martí, J. Geology, 40, 4 (2012), 327-330 http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G32787.1

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

55


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Macrofossils in raraku lake (easter island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years

Macrofossil analysis of a composite 19 m long sediment core from Rano Raraku Lake (Easter Island) was related to litho-sedimentary and geochemical features of the sediment. Strong stratigraphical patterns are shown by indirect gradient analyses of the data. The good correspondence between the stratigraphical patterns derived from macrofossil (Correspondence Analysis) and sedimentary and geochemical data (Principal Component Analysis) shows that macrofossil associations provide sound palaeolimnological information in conjunction with sedimentary data. The main taphonomic factors influencing the macrofossil assemblages are run-off from the catchment, the littoral plant belt, and the depositional environment within the basin. Five main stages during the last 34,000 calibrated years BP (cal yr BP) are characterised from the lithological, geochemical, and macrofossil data. From

56

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

34 to 14.6 cal kyr BP (last glacial period) the sediments were largely derived from the catchment, indicating a high energy lake environment with much erosion and run-off bringing abundant plant trichomes, lichens, and mosses into the centre of Raraku Lake. During the early Holocene the infilling of the lake basin and warmer conditions favoured the growth of a littoral plant belt that obstructed terrigenous input. Cladoceran remains and Solanaceae seeds are indicative of reduced run-off and higher values of N and organic C indicate increased aquatic and catchment productivity. From 8.7 to 4.5 cal kyr BP a swamp occupied the entire basin. The increase of Cyperaceae seeds reflects this swamp development and, with oribatid mites and coleopteran remains, indicates a peaty environment and more anoxic conditions in Raraku. At around 4.5 cal kyr BP dry conditions prevented peat growth and there is a sedimentary hiatus. About 800 cal yr BP, peat deposition resumed. Finally, in the last few centuries, a small lake formed within the surrounding swamp. Evidence of human activity is recorded in these uppermost sediments.

Reference CaĂąellas-BoltĂ , N.; Rull, V.; SĂĄez, A.; Margalef, O.; Giralt, S.; Pueyo, J. J.; Birks, H. H.; Birks, H. J. B.; Pla-Rabes, S., Quaternary Sci. Rev., 34 (2012), 113-126 http://dx.doi.org /10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.12.013


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

57


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

How moderate sea states can generate loud seismic noise in the deep ocean Vertical ground displacement PSD

frequency (H2)

A

time (julian day) root mean square vertical ground displacement in the 0.111-0.125 Hz band

microns

B

time (julian day) root mean square vertical ground displacement in the 0.111-0.125 Hz band

Reference Obrebski, M. J.; Ardhuin, F.; Stutzmann, E.; Schimmel, M., Geophys. Res. Lett., 39 (2012),L11601 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012GL051896

microns

C

The location of oceanic sources of the micrometric ground displacement recorded at land stations in the 0.1–0.3 Hz frequency band (“double frequency microseisms”)is still poorly known. Here we use one particularly strong noise event in the Pacific to show that small swells from two distant storms can be a strong deep-water source of seismic noise, dominating temporarily the signals recorded at coastal seismic stations. Our interpretation is based on the analysis of noise polarization recorded all around the source, and the good fit achieved for this event and year-round between observed and modeled seismic data. The model further suggests that this is a typical source of these infrequent loud noise bursts, which supports previous inconclusive evidences of the importance of such sources. This new knowledge based on both modeling and observations will expand today’s limits on the use of noise for climate studies and seismic imaging.

time (julian day)

58

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

59


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Multivariate factorial analysis to design a robust batch leaching test to assess the volcanic ash geochemical hazard A method to obtain robust information on short term leaching behaviour of volcanic ashes has been developed independently on the sample age. A mixed factorial design (MFD) was employed as a multivariate strategy for the evaluation of the effects of selected control factors and their interactions (amount of sample (A), contact time (B), and liquid to solid ratio or L/S (C)) on the leaching process of selected metals (Na, K, Mg, Ca, Si, Al, V, Mn, Fe, and Co) and anions (Cl¯ and SO42¯). Box plots of the data acquired were used to evaluate the reproducibility achieved at different experimental conditions. Both the amount of sample (A) and leaching time (B) had a significant effect on the element stripping whereas the L/S ratio influenced only few elements. The lowest dispersion values have been observed when 1.0 g was leached with an L/S ratio equal to 10, shaking during 4 h. The entire method is completed within few hours, and it is simple, feasible and reliable in laboratory conditions.

Reference Ruggieri, F.; Gil, R. A.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Saavedra, J.; Gimeno, D.; Lobo, A.; Martínez, L. D.; Rodríguez-González, A., J. Hazard. Mater., 213-214 (2012), 273-284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. hazmat.2012.01.091

60

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

61


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Longer “indium nitride” phonon lifetimes in nanowires We present a Raman scattering study of the anharmonic phonon decay of the E2low, E2high and E1(LO) phonons in InN nanowires over the 80–400 K temperature range. While the temperature-dependent anharmonic decay in the nanowires is similar to that found for bulk InN, the background contribution to the phonon lifetime is strongly reduced as a result of the improved crystalline quality. High-resolution measurements reveal a remarkably long lifetime of the E2low

mode. From the comparison between the E2low frequencies measured in the nanowires with those of the thin film we obtain the deformation potentials for the E2low mode.

Reference Domènech-Amador, N.; Cuscó, R.; Artús, L.; Stoica, T.; Calarco, R. , Nanotechology, 23 (2012), 085702. h t t p : //d x . d o i . o r g / 1 0.1 0 8 8 /0 9 574484/23/8/085702.

High-pressure optical absorption in inn: electron density dependence in the wurtzite phase and reevaluation of the indirect band gap of rocksalt inn We report on high-pressure optical absorption measurements on InN epilayers with a range of free-electron concentrations (5 µ 1017–1.6 µ 1019 cm¬3) to investigate the effect of free carriers on the pressure coefficient of the optical band gap of wurtzite InN.With increasing carrier concentration, we observe a decrease of the absolute value of the optical band gap pressure coefficient of wurtzite InN. An analysis of our data based on the k·p model allows us to obtain a pressure coefficient of 32 meV/GPa for the fundamental band gap of intrinsic wurtzite InN. Optical absorption measurements on a 5.7-µm-thick InN epilayer at pressures

62

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

above the wurtzite-to-rocksalt transition have allowed us to obtain an accurate determination of the indirect band gap energy of rocksalt InN as a function of pressure. Around the phase transition (~15 GPa), a band gap value of 0.7 eV and a pressure coefficient of ~23 meV/GPa are obtained.

Reference Ibáñez, J.; Segura, A.; García-Domene, B.; Oliva, R.; Manjón, F. J.; Yamaguchi, T.; Nanishi, Y.; Artús, L., Phys. Rev. B, 86 (2012), 035210. h t t p : //d x . d o i . o r g / 1 0 .1 1 0 3 / P h y s RevB.86.035210.


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

63


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

Characterization of "oil on copper" paintings by energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence is a common analytical tool for layer thickness measurements in quality control processes in the coating industry, but there are scarce microanalytical applications in order to ascertain semi-quantitative or quantitative information of painted layers. “Oil on copper” painting becomes a suitable material to be analysed by means of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, due to the metallic nature of substrate and the possibility of applying layered models as used in coating

a

c

b

Ca

d

(ug/cm^2)

e

Mn

(ug/cm^2)

Pb

(ug/cm^2)

g

64

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

industry. The aim of this work is to study the suitability of a quantitative energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence methodology for the assessment of the areal distribution of pigments and the characterization of painting methods on such kind of pictorial artworks. The method was calibrated using standard reference materials: dried droplets of monoelemental standard solutions laid on a metallic plate of copper. As an example of application, we estimated pigment mass distribution of two “oil on

Cr

(ug/cm^2)

Cd

(ug/cm^2)

f

Fe

(ug/cm^2)


ICTJA 10 highlighted papers

copper” paintings from the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. Pictorial layers have been complementarily analysed by X-ray diffraction. Apart of the supporting media made of copper or brass, we could identify two different superimposed layers: (a) a preparation layer mainly composed by white lead and (b) the pictorial layer of variable composition depending on the pigments used by the artist on small areas of the painting surface. The areal mass distribution of the different elements identified in the painting pigments (Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb) have been determined by elemental mapping of some parts of the artworks.

a

Reference Pitarch, A.; Ramón, A.; Álvarez-Pérez, A.; Queralt, I., Anal. Bioanal. Chem, 402 (2012), 1481-1492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-0115368-6.

c

b

Fe (ug/cm^2)

Ca (ug/cm^2)

e

d

Pb (ug/cm^2)

f

Hg (ug/cm^2)

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

Au (ug/cm^2)

65


Theses, Seminars and Courses Theses Title:



PhDStudent: PhdAdvisor: Placeanddate:

Title:



PhDStudent: PhdAdvisor: Placeanddate:

USING REMOTE SENSING DATA TO SUPPORT HE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES' CHARACTERIZATION, ASSESSMENT, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT. Arturo José FREIRE GIL Agustín LOBO ALEU Universidades dos Açores, 24/02/12

VISUALITZACIÓ SÍSMICA MITJANÇANT TÈCNIQUES TOMOGRÀFIQUES. Isaac FLECHA LACALLE Ramón CARBONELL Universitat de Barcelona, 20/12/12

Seminars The ICTJA has organized more than 50 specialized seminars, conferences and lectures during the year 2012. Among them we would like to higlight:

07/02

"Desarrollo de transformaciones  solvente en el sistema CaCO3-H2O", a càrrec de Lurdes FERNÁNDEZ-DÍAZ, de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

22/02

"TectónicaactivayrecienteenelArcodeGibraltar", a càrrec de Ana Ruiz-Constán de la Universitat de Montpellier.

29/02

"Traces of subduction and their relation to seismic anisotropy beneath Greece and Turkey:newevidencesandquestionsfromseismictomography", Anne Paul , ISTerre, CNRS and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble

66

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Theses, Seminars and Courses

14/03

"Numericalmethodsforfullwaveforminversion" a càrrec de Jean Antoine KORMANN, Barcelona Centre for Subsurface Imaging (B-CSI), Centre Mediterrani d’Investigacions Marines i Ambientals (CMIMA), CSIC

09/05

"VolcanicriskassociatedwiththeopeningoflateraleruptiveventsatVesuviusand Teide:thecontributionofarchaeomagneticandcartographicdata" a càrrec de Claudia Principe, Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Laboratorio di Archeomagnetismo, ITALY

23/05

"Volatilesinthekimberlitemelt–whatdrivesascentandcausesexplosiveeruption?" a càrrec del Dr. Vadim Kamenetsky, "New Star" Professor in Earth Sciences, School of Earth Sciences, CODES ARC Centre of Excellence in Ore Deposits , University of Tasmania, Austràlia

30/05

"MaficintrusionstriggeringeruptionsinIcelandandCanaryIslands" a càrrec del Dr. Olgeir SIGMARSSON, Lab. Magmas et Volcans, CNRS-U. Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, França Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Islàndia

06/06

"Tomo3D:anew3-Djointrefractionandreflectiontravel-timetomographycodefor active-sourceseismicdata" a càrrec de Adrià MELÉNDEZ i CATALÀ, Barcelona Center for Subsurface Imaging, Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Barcelona

07/06

"Nonlineardynamicsofmagmaflowsinconduits" a càrrec de Antonio Costa, ESSC, University of Reading, Reading, UK and Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Naples. Italy.

13/06

"AplicacióndelMétododeElementosFinitosparalainterpretacióndedeformaciones enáreasvolcánicas" a càrrec de Dra. María CHARCO Instituto de Geociencias, CSICUniversidad Complutense de Madrid

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

67


Theses, Seminars and Courses

19/06

"SubmarinecanyonsandlandslidesonthetectonicallyactiveHikurangiMargin,New Zealand" a càrrec de Dr. Joshu MOUNTJOY, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, Nova Zelanda 20/06

"Fromsurfacegeologytoaftershockanalysis:constraintsonthegeometryoftheL’Aquila 2009seismogenicfaultsystem" a càrrec de Federica FERRARINI, Università degli Studi "Gabriele d'Annunzio" Chieti-Pescara, Laboratory of Geodynamics and Seismogenesis, Itàlia 18/09

“AlgunosavancessobreelestudiodelosimpactosdelCambioGlobalyClimático” a càrrec de Dres. Ana Carolina Ruiz Fernández y Joan Albert Sánchez Cabeza, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad NacionalAutónoma de México 03/10

"Seismictomographyacrossthescales:Towardsacomprehensiveseismicmodelof theEuropeancrustanduppermantle" a càrrec de Dr. Andreas Fichtner, Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University 5/11

"Onhigh-densitysediment-ladenflows", a càrrec de Ricardo SILVA JACINTO, Ifremer, Centre de Bretagne, Unité de Géosciences Marines, França Persona de contacte: Galderic Lastras, Geociències Marines, Dept. d'Estratigrafia, P. i Geociències Marines, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona 7/11

"ElsistemadeI+D+ienelcontextoeuropeo", a càrrec de Monserrat Torné, l'Institut de Ciències de la Terra Jaume Almera (CSIC) 7/11

"GeologíadelasIslasCanarias", a càrrec de Francisco José PÉREZ TORRADO, Departamento de Física, Grupo de investigación GEOVOL, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Espanya 13/11

"Non-negativeMatrixFactorization(NMF):apossiblesolutionforfilteringwindin seismicandinfrasonicdata", a càrrec de Roberto Carniel, Laboratorio di misure e trattamento dei segnali, DICA, Università di Udine, Italy

68

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Theses, Seminars and Courses

15/11 "TheroleofbasementlineamentsandfluidsintheevolutionoftheZagrosfold-thrust belt,Iran", Dr. John COSGROVE, Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London, Regne Unit 23/11 "Fromfieldstudiesto3Dgeo-cellularmodelsofcarbonatesystems:theJurassiccarbonateplatformoftheDjebelBouDahar,HighAtlas(Morocco)", a càrrec de Óscar MERINO-TOMÉ,Dpto. de Geología, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Espanya 28/11 "Roturadelasimetríaencristalizaciónquiralyagregacióncristalinamediantecrecimientono-clásico:Implicacionesenmineralogía,laindustriafarmacéuticayenel origendelavida", Dr. Cristóbal VIEDMA, Dpto. Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Espanya 03/12 "Structural,microstructuralandfluidflowevolutionoffolds:whatcanwelearnfrom anintegratedstudy?SheepMountainAnticlineandotherbasement-coredfoldsinthe BigHornBasin(Wyoming,USA)", a càrrec de Olivier LACOMBE, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, França

Courses 23-25/05/2012 Course ofPowderX-RayDiffraction2012 Organized by:X-RayDiffracttionService(ICTJA)and“Dpt.dePostgradoyEspecialización”CSIC Lecturers:J.IbañezandJosepJ.Elvira(ICTJA);N.MorenoandF.Plana(IDAEA);S. Chinchón(UniversidaddeAlicante);J.Pellicer(UniversidaddeValencia);F.Sánchez (BrukerEspañola,S.A.) 23-25/05/2012 Course ofICP-MS2012 Organized bylabGEOTOP(ICTJA-CSIC)and“Dpt.dePostgradoyEspecialización”-CSIC Lecturers:J.L.Fernández-TurielandM.Rejas(ICTJA);J.LacaldelVal(ThermoFisher Scientific)andR.Andrés(UniversidaddeSanLuis,Argentina)

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

69


Outreach Activities Several outreach activities have been organized in different exhibitions to disseminate our research results to the society. Among them, we highlight the GEOflaix! Exhibition, an alternative look at daily objects from the perspective of Earth Sciences, the Viu la Geologia Exhibition, the Science Week, the EspaiCiencia at the Saló de l’Ensenyament, and the Festa de la Ciencia and EXPOMINER. These activities are often organized in collaboration with the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona and the Geological Institute of Catalonia.

70

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

71


ICTJA in numbers Funding (Public & Private) Services 9% Services127.93k¤ 127.93 k€ - 9% CompetitivePublic Public Funds 365.39 - 26% Competitive Funds 365.39 k¤ k€ 26%

Services 127.93 k€ - 9% Competitive Public Funds 365.39 k€ - 26% 48% R+D 688.57 k¤ k€ R+DIndustry Industry 688.57 - 48% PublicSector SectorAgreements Agreements 247.14 - 17% Public 247.14 k¤ k€ 17%

17

R+D Industry 688.57 k€ - 48% Public Sector Agreements 247.14 k€ - 17%

48

72

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

9


ICTJA in numbers

Scientific Production SCI articles

Total publications

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012

73


Annual Report ICTJA-2012 Institute of Earth Sciences of Barcelona (An international Geosciences research institute)

74

ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2012


Annual Report - Ictja