Issuu on Google+


Text and Illustrations copyright (c), Lily Wangchhuk, 2008 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from the author. Disclaimer: “The contents expressed in the book are solely that of the author and by no means represent the views of the Literary and Publications Sub-Committee of the National Steering Committee for Coronation and Centenary Celebrations of Bhutan, 2008”. Cover Illustration: Painting of a dragon from Druk Wangyel Lhakhang Layout and Design: Bhutan Times Ltd, Thimphu, Bhutan Publisher: Absolute Bhutan Books Thimphu, Bhutan Web: www.absolutebhutanbooks.com.bt Printed at: NPT Offset Press Pvt Ltd, Chennai, India www.nptoffset.com ISBN 99936-760-0-4 Registration No : HS/TPHU/BICMA/1002

The author is grateful to the following agencies/organization for their assistance with information and for kindly verifying the relevant contents and chapters: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

ABTO ACO Anti-Corruption Commission BBS BICMA Bhutan Post Bhutan Trust Fund BYDF Bjachung Karmo Society Cabinet Secretariat CCO Dratshang Lhentshog DSLR, Survey ECB FAO GNH Commission Helvetas

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

JICA Liaison Office of Denmark Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Economic Affairs Ministry of Education Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Health MoHCA National Assembly National Council NEC National Statiscal Bureau NCWC NSCCC NWAB Office of Attorney General RENEW

• Royal Court of Justice • RSPN • Save the Children-USA • SNV • Tarayana Foundation • TCB • UNDP • UNFPA • UNICEF • WFP • WHO • WWF

The author would like to thank the Liaison Office of Denmark, Government of Denmark for kindly supporting the printing of the book. Helvetas/SDC Coordination Office, SNV-Netherlands Development Organization, Austrian Coordination Office, Taj Tashi,Zhiwaling helped in the promotion of the book.


FACTS ABOUT

BHUTAN THE L AND OF THE THUNDER DRAGON

Lily Wangchhuk


Commemoration of Coronation and Centenary Celebrations of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2008

Endorsed by Literary and Publication Sub-Committee of the National Steering Committee for Coronation and Centenary Celebrations of Bhutan, 2008


His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo signing the Constitution of The Kingdom of Bhutan, July 18, 2008


100 years of glorious monarchy in Bhutan


BHUTAN N CentenarY narY n na ar 2007 1907-2007


His Majesty the King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck with His Majesty the fourth Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck at the National Day celebrations, 17th December 2007


DEDICATION To our Beloved Fourth Druk Gyalpo Miwang Jigme Singye Wangchuck Without whose Wisdom, Vision and Sacrifice This Great Nation of Ours Wouldn’t be Where it is Today

&

To the Repository of all our Hopes and Dreams As We Move into the Future Miwang Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck The Fifth Druk Gyalpo


Her Majesty the Queen Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck


FOREWORD

Facts about Bhutan is a meaningful tribute as Bhutan celebrates 100 years of Extraordinary Leadership by our Beloved Monarchs. We have been fortunate with the clear vision and personal sacrifices made by our Kings to bring this nation to where it is today. Bhutan is the world’s youngest democracy, initiated and brought into existence by the Throne. Bhutan’s environment is the envy of most nations, while our traditions and culture are vibrant and thriving, contributing to Gross National Happiness. This book will benefit the reader with a comprehensive overview of Bhutan, now that our country is on the travel wish list of many people around the world. Lily Wangchhuk introduces the fabric of Bhutan in all its beauty and uniqueness through her well-researched facts and compilation of beautiful pictures. This is the first book of its kind by a Bhutanese author and I am very delighted to be presenting it to the readers with the hope that it will serve as an introduction to a very special country blessed throughout history. Tashi Delek!

Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck Queen of His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT For many years I dreamt of writing a book about Bhutan that would reveal all the amazing facets of the country. With the help of friends and support from my family, this dream was finally realized in the most historic year of Bhutan’s history while the Kingdom was revelling in the celebrations of 100 years of glorious reign under the monarchs and celebrating the Coronation of His Majesty, the Fifth Druk Gyalpo. I am deeply honoured by Her Majesty the Queen Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck’s kind gesture of writing a foreword for the book and for Her Majesty’s valuable advice and continued support. My nieces Deki Yangzom and Dorji Yangki helped me with the research and collation of facts. I would like to thank Shankar Sharma profusely for plotting the comprehensive maps exclusively for the book. I am indebted to The Friendly Planet (Michael Hawley, Christopher Newell), Robert Dompnier, Tourism Council of Bhutan, Bhutan Times Limited, Jigme Wangchuk, Leki Dorji, Ian Bell, Lydia and UNDP for providing astonishing photographs. I am thankful to Roopa Bakshi, Tashi Phuntsho, Louise Dorji, Kunga Tshering, Sonam Dorji, Damcho Rinzin, Pek Dorji, John Chiramal, Francoise Pommaret, Chimi Wangmo, Sangay Wangchuk, Karma Galey, Pema Wangdi, Drangpon Tshering Wangchuk, Dr. Sangay Wangchuk, Dr. C.T. Dorji, Hon. Sangay Khandu, Yonten Dargye and Sonam Choden who helped with information and in reviewing the drafts. My sincere thanks goes to my friend Vembu Shankar who has been source of great support. Tenzin Rigden and his design team assisted me in the design and composition of the book. Jayesh Bole of the design team deserves special thanks for his patience and dedication. I would also like to thank the members of the Literary and Publications Sub Committee of the National Steering Committee for Coronation and Centenary Celebrations and officials from various government agencies, international organizations and individuals in various capacities who helped me make the book a true factual compendium. My mother’s prayer has been my source of strength not only during the duration of writing the book but throughout my life which no words can measure.


PREFACE ‘Facts about Bhutan’ is a comprehensive book which unveils all there is know about Bhutan. A maiden venture by a Bhutanese, it reveals amazing facets about the country and provides a holistic picture of the many delightful and incredible aspects of this little known Kingdom. It will help both foreign visitors and Bhutanese discover the country’s history, society, tradition, culture, people, governance, judiciary, clergy, foreign relations, economy, environment, health, education, and tourism among many other topics. Readers will also gain a good understanding of the glorious journey the Kingdom has traversed under the monarchs over the last 100 years. Policies of the government, information about all 20 districts of Bhutan and other places of interest are vividly explained in the book and would serve as a ready reference. To help visitors, it contains exhaustive information about visiting Bhutan supported by charts, maps and illustrations on recreation activities, monthly temperature, driving time between places and contact details of travel companies. Common phrases for conversational Dzongkha supported by illustrations will help travellers strike a bond of friendship immediately with the locals. Encyclopedic in scope, the book’s 400 pages of texts are embellished with over 700 astonishing photographs, 40 maps, 9 graphs, 8 information tables, 23 mini statistics, 23 special spotlight pages all meticulously well-researched and compiled in one. Useful websites related to Bhutan are listed to help readers gather additional information. Dedicated to 100 years of Bhutan glorious journey under monarchy, the book has been published under the auspices of the National Steering Committee for Coronation and Centenary Celebrations.


4. GOVERNANCE................99-123

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION...........1-10 About Bhutan Bhutan at a glance

1 5

2. HISTORY.....................11-37 Pre-Historic and Ancient Bhutan 11 Time Line 12 Bhutan: Its name 14 Advent of Buddhism 15 Medieval Era 16 The Age of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal 17 Conflict and Reconciliation 18 Invasions from Tibet 18 Period of Civil Wars 18 Clashes of Arms with the British in India 19 The Duar Issue 20 Pre-Modern History 22 Establishment of Hereditary Monarchy 22 Era of Unification (1907-1926) 25 Era of Consolidation (1926-1952) 27 Era of Modernization (1952-1972) 28 Modern History 30 Era of Democratization (1972-2006) 30 Dawn of a New Era (2006-present) 35

3. THE COUNTRY & IT’S PEOPLE........................41-95 Religion Culture and Society People Language Dress Food and Drink Textiles Architecture Arts and Crafts Music and Dance Festivals Traditional Sports Modern Sports

41 54 54 56 56 59 60 65 75 85 89 93 95

Political Transition: 100 Years of Monarchy to Democracy The Constitution of Bhutan State Structure Political Parties The Executive The Legislature The Bhutanese System of Governance Democratic Bhutan’s New Leaders Local Government Judiciary Constitutional Bodies

99 100 103 103 103 104 111 112 118 120 122

5. THE CLERGY..................................125-126 The Monastic Body

125

6. WOMEN, CHILDREN & GENDER..131-132 Status of Women and Children

131

7. THE ROYAL FAMILY: MAKING A DIFFERENCE..............137-144 Tarayana Foundation Bhutan Youth Development Fund Bjachung Karmo Society RENEW National Women Association of Bhutan

140 141 142 143 144

8. INFORMATION AND MEDIA..........149-153 9. GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS..157-161 10. BHUTAN AND THE WORLD........165-183 Foreign Policy Foreign Relations Bhutan and the United Nations Bhutan and SAARC Bhutan and BIMSTEC Bhutan and ACD Bhutan and Development Cooperation Partners based in the kingdom

165 166 167 172 173 174 175


11. ECONOMY..............................187-199 Renewable Natural Resources 188 Tourism 189 Geology and Mines 190 Energy 193 Manufacturing and Industrial Sector 194 Trade 196 Bhutan and WTO 198 Trade Liberalization and Foreign Direct Investment Policy 199

12. ENVIRONMENT......................203-213 Flora Fauna Nature Reserve and Biodiversity Overview of the Protected System National Environment Commission RSPN Bhutan Trust Fund Jangsa Animal Saving Trust

205 206 208 210 211 211 212 213

13. HEALTH.................................217-221 Modern Health Care Bhutan Health Trust Fund Traditional Medicine Services

217 219 220

14. EDUCATION...........................225-229 General Education Structure Schooling System Vocational and Higher Education Continuing Education Adult Education Vocational and Skills Training

227 227 228 228 228 229

15. GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS...........231-309 WESTERN BHUTAN Chukha Thimphu Paro Punakha Wangdue Phodrang Haa Gasa CENTRAL BHUTAN Trongsa Bumthang Lhuentse Zhemgang EASTERN BHUTAN Mongar Trashigang

233 234 238 246 252 256 260 264 268 270 275 278 280 283 284 286

Trashiyangtse Pemagatshel Samdrup Jongkhar SOUTHERN BHUTAN Dagana Samtse Sarpang Tsirang

290 294 298 301 302 304 306 308

16. TOURISM.....................313-359 Tourism Policy Filming in Bhutan General Information on visiting Bhutan Customs Restricted Goods Monthly Average Temperature Recreational Activities for Visitors Trekking Season Some Trekking Routes Travel Tips List of Bhutanese Tour Operators List of Premium Hotels

313 316 318 320 321 323 324 329 332 338 342 347

USEFUL INFORMATION Bhutanese Diplomatic Missions Abroad 348 Diplomatic Missions and International Organizations in Bhutan 350 UN Agencies in Bhutan 351 Useful Websites 352 Conversational Dzongkha 356 Glossary of Dzongkha Terms 358 Bibliography 360 Index 362


xvi X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN

Cultural Symbols The National Flag The upper yellow half that touches the base symbolizes the secular tradition. It personifies His Majesty the King, whose noble actions enhance the kingdom. Hence, it symbolizes that His Majesty is the upholder of the spiritual and secular foundations of the kingdom. The lower orange half that extends to the top symbolizes the spiritual tradition. It aslo symbolizes the flourishing of the Buddhist teachings in general and that of the Kagyu and Nyingma traditions in particular. The dragon that fully presses down the fimbriation symbolizes the name of the kingdom, which is endowed with the spiritual and secular traditions. The white dragon symbolizes undifiled thoughts of the people that express the loyalty, patriotism and great sense of belonging to the kingdom although they have different ethnic and linguistic origins.

The National Emblem Within the circle of the national emblem, two crossed - vajras are placed over a lotus. They are flanked on either side by a male and female white dragon. A wish-fulfilling jewel is located above them. There are four other jewels inside the circle where the two vajras intersect.They symbolize the spiritual and secular traditions of the kingdom based on the four spiritual undertakings of Vajrayana Buddhism. The lotus symbolizes absence of the defilements, the wish-fulfilling jewel, the sovereign power of the people and the two dragons,the name of the kingdom.


FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN

X

xvii

National Flower: Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis)

National Tree : Cypress (Cupressus Sempervirens)

National Bird: Raven (Corvus Corax Tibetanus)

National Animal: Takin (Budorcas Taxicolor)

The National Anthem In the Kingdom of Bhutan adorned with cypress trees, The Protector who reigns over the realm over spiritual and secular traditions, He is the King of Bhutan, the precious sovereign. May His being remain unchanging, and the Kingdom prosper. May the teachings of the Enlightened One flourish. May the sun of peace and happiness shine over all people.


xviii X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN

Prayer flags adorn the Bhutanese landscapes


Tenzin Namgay, Bhutan Times

Tenzin Namgay, Bhutan Times

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X

xix


Rigma Phachu Cham or the Dance of the sixteen fairies at Thimphu Tshechu

The Friendly Planet

xx X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


xxi

Guru Padmasambhava at Thimphu Tshechu

Tenzin Namgay, Bhutan Times

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X


xxii X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


X

xxiii

Black hat dancers spectacularly clad in colourful brocades and large hats await their turn at Gangtey Goenpa Tshechu

Ian Bell

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


xxiv X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


xxv

Punakha Dzong, The Palace of Happiness

Jigme Wangchuk

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X


xxvi X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN

Ura Village, Bumthang


Tenzin Namgay, Bhutan Times Ltd

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X

xxvii


xxviii X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X

xxix

MAJOR RIVERS, GLACIER AND LAKES GASA Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse NG

PUNAKHA OD PH GD U

TRONGSA

W AN

THIMPHU

TRASHIGANG

HE GA TS

ZHEMGANG

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

PE

SARPANG

MA

AN G TS

IR

DAGANA Chukha

L

MONGAR

Legend International boundary River Glacier and Lakes

Tsorin, one of the many brilliant coloured lakes in Lunana

Robert Dompnier

HAA

SAMTSE

BUMTHANG

RA

PARO


xxx X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN

Jacaranda brightens Punakha Dzong


xxxi

Ian Bell

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X


xxxii X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN


FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X

xxxiii

ECB

Bhutan embraces democracy with the conduct of first nationwide parliamentary elections on 24 March, 2008


xxxiv X FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN TOURISM MAP Pg.

330

G A S A

L A Y A

L U N N A N A

K U R T O E

LINGZHI G O E N K H AT O E CHHOEKHOR

Lhuentse

S E P H U K A Z H I

TOEWANG

GOENKHAMEY

BUMDELING

Trashiyangtse

KHOMA GOENSHARI

NARO

Bumthang

CHHUBU

Punakha

NORTH THIMPHU THROM

GANGZUR TANG

NUBI

GUMA

MENBI

TALO DZOMI LINGMUKHA

MINJAY METSHO

NYISHO

YANGTSE

GYUL TOEBISA BARP

PHAN BJENA

CHUMEY

TSENKHAR

GANGTEY

URA

PHOBJIKHA

SHINGKHAR

CHAPCHA

DAGA

Chukha

PHU ENTS HOL ING

HIDIN ING

DORONA

PHUENTENCHU GOSALING SEMJONG

TSHANGKHA

RANGTHANGLING MENDEGANG

SALING

DREPUNG

SAMKHAR

KENGKHAR

SILAMBI

GONGDUE

G

SHONGPHU

M E R A K

LAURI

ZOBEL

CHHIMUNG YURUNG DUNGMIN

CHONGSHING

NGANGLHA

SERTHI

MARTSALA

GOMDAR

Pemagatshel BJOKA

PANGKHAR

SHERSHONG

WANGPHU

KHAR

SAMRANG

O R O N G

D E C H E N L I N G

UMLING

LANGCHHENPHU

PHUNTSHOTHANG

N O R B U G A N G NICHULA

N

Samdrup Jongkhar

LUMANG NANONG

JURMEY BARDO

GOSHING

BHUR

DEOTHANG

CHOKHORLING

TAKLAI

DEORALI

E

KHALING

SHUMAR

NANGKOR

GELEPHU DEKILING

DARLA

LHAM

T

Trashigang

KANGLUNG OZORONG

THANGRONG

K

KANGPARA

Zhemgang

JIGMECHHOELING

DOVAN

SHOMPANGKHA HILLEY

BETENI

TSENDAGANG

A

DUNGLEGANG

TSHOLING KIKHOR KHAR THANG

BARSHONG

TRAS

ARL

B O N G O

SAMPHELING PAGLI

TRONG

TSIRANGTOE

GOZHI G E TA N A

GES

TADING

Tsirang Sarpang

LAJAB

KHEBISA KANA

LOGCHINA

DOROKHA SAMTSE

G

DUNGNA

PATALEY

Dagana

BJACHHO

GELING

DENCHHUKHA

ANG JEYG DRU

YOESEL TSE UGYEN TSE

DUNGTOE

SAMTSE

THRIM

TSEZA METAKHA

CHENGMARI

S RADI

CHASKHAR

MONGAR

A T H A N G KORPHU

GAKILING

LAHIRENI

CHAR GHARAY

PHONGME BIDUNG

SHAM BART

YANGNYER

NGATSHANG DREMITSE

CHALI

DAGALA

DOGA

TENDU

BIRU

YALANG

JAR RAM

Mongar

NAJA

BARA

SIPSU

TOETSHO

TOMZHANG JAMKHAR TSAMANG TSAKALING

LANGTHEL

G NARAN

SAMA SOMBAYKHA

SHERMUNG

JAREY

DRAKTENG

Trongsa

TANGSIBJI

Wangdue

GASETSHOYOM

GYENYE

BA LAM

GASETSHOGOM RUBESA

MEWANG

UESU

SHING

HO

NAHI

CHANG

SOUTH THIMPHU THROM

SHABA

THETS

u Thimphu

HUNGREL WANGCHANG

LUNGNYI

NG MDA KHA

DOPSHARI LAMGONG

DANGCHU

SHENGANA

KABJISA KAWANG

DOTENG

TSENTO

KATSHO

PEMAT HANG

SOE

Paro B J I

HAA

SENGYE

OYZIN GKHA

FESTIVAL MAP OF BHUTAN Pg.

336

Gasa Lhuentse Bumthang

Punakha

20

16

Wangdue Phodrang

14

13

Thimphu

8

12 15

19

1

Paro Haa

Trashiyangtse

29

26

6 3

11

10

21

28

2

18

22

17

6

31

Trongsa

7

25

23

Mongar

30

Trashigang

Profile at a glance : Longitude : 88 45’-92 10’ East Latitude : 26 42’-28 15’ North Square Area : 38,394 sq. km Dzongkhags : 20 Gewogs : 205 Population(2007): 658,888 Male: 345, 298 Female: 313,590 Airports : 1

9

g

Dagana

Sarpang

Ts iran

Samtse Chukha

Zhemgang

24

Samdrup Jongkhar

Pemagatshel

ENTRY & EXIT BY DRUK Pg.

319 CHINA Kathmandu GASA

Mt. Jumolhari NG GD

U

PH

OD

RA

BUMTHANG

TRONGSA

W AN

THIMPHU

TRASHIGANG

MONGAR

INDIA IN

EL SARPANG

ZHEMGANG

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

PE

TSI

Chukha

SH

RA

NG

DAGANA SAMTSE

AT

Kolkata

Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse

PUNAKHA PARO

HAA

MAG

Delhi Bodh Gaya INDIA

INDIA

GEOLOGICAL MAP OF BHUTAN

Bangkok

Dhaka

Pg.

DISTANCE MAP

191

Pg.

322 Gasa

Lhuentse Punakha

Trashiyangtse

Bumthang

Thimphu Paro

Wangdue Phodrang

Trongsa

Haa

Trashigang Mongar

ng

Zhemgang

ira

Dagana

Ts

Chukha

LAND COVER MAP OF BHUTAN

Pema Gatshel

Sarpang

Samtse

Samdrup Jongkhar

Pg.

7

Legend 1 Evergreen Needle-leaf forest 2 Evergreen Broad-leaf forest 3 Deciduouis Broad-leaf forest

9 Croplands 10 Croplans/Vegetation mosaic

11 Snow and Ice land 12 Barren or Sparsely Vegetated

4 Mixed forest 5 Closed Shrublands

13 Water Bodies

6 Open Shrublands

7 Woddy Savannas 8 Grasslands

ELEVATION RANGE OF BHUTAN Legend

Pg.

Elevation 100-900

6

901-1,500 1,501-2,200 2,201-2,900 2,901-3,600 3,601-4,200 4,201-4,800 4,801-5,500 5,501-7,200

LAND USE PATTERN OF BHUTAN Legend

Pg.

Forest

7

Mixture (Nv,A,G,Wland) Grassland Agriculture Barren Drainage/Water

MAJOR RIVERS, GLACIER AND LAKES Pg.

Legend International boundary River Glacier and Lakes

xxix GASA

Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse

NG

PUNAKHA

HAA

PH OD GD

U

TRASHIGANG

MONGAR

ZHEMGANG

GA TS

SARPANG

PE MA

TS

IR

AN

G

HE

L

DAGANA Chukha

VEGETATION MAP OF BHUTAN Pg. Legend

6

TRONGSA

W AN

THIMPHU

SAMTSE

BUMTHANG

RA

PARO

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

Grassland in temperate Zone

Tropical Rainforest

Heavily dried area

Hydrotopic forest

ExtriemelyHeavily dried area North Coniferous forest Tundra

Ice and Snow Mixed forest Mixed land Cultivated/Urban Vegetation Undassified

Water Bodies

Map of


xxxv

FACTS ABOUT BHUTAN X

Schools & Institutes : 1666 Hospitals : 30 Basic Health Units : 188 Traditional Hospital: 1 Traditional Units : 26

f Bhutan

DRAINAGE PATTERN OF BHUTAN Pg.

8

TRANSPORTATION NETWORK OF BHUTAN

Legend Airport Primary Road

Pg.

Secondary Road Tertiary Road

8

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK Pg.

151

PROTECTED AREAS & BIOLOGICAL CORRIDORS

Legend

Reserve Corridor Reserve Park

Dzongkhag boundary International boundary

Jigme Dorji National Park

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary

GASA

Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse NG RA OD PH

ZHEMGANG

Royal Manas National Park

GAT

SARPANG

Phipsoo Wildlife Sanctuary

MA

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary

DZONGKHAGWISE NORMALIZED VERY HAPPY HOUSEHOLDS Pg.

161

GASA 407,310,10

Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse 1326,1494,181

NG

PUNAKHA OD

1306,1983,98

GD

Legend

W AN

7587,11476,626

HAA

TRONGSA

2682,3388,167

1328,1284,127

TRASHIGANG

MONGAR

978,1271,41

3960,6374,479

24

ZHEMGANG

4950,3078,183

1256,1992,131

PE

5875,8154,453

6

62

SARPANG

MA

TS

Chukha

5261,6007,366

GA TS

G IR

2176,1236,73

SAMTSE

HE L

2390,4700,258

DAGANA

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

28 ,136 3,14

Meadowlands and Alpine <60% Canopy Forest >60%Canopy Forest Cleared Land

20

Pg.

U

THIMPHU

209

1388,1368,114

PH

4363,2562,193

1503,1999,262

BUMTHANG

RA

PARO

4759,3436,168

14

FOREST COVER

AN

TS

Chukha

SH

G AN IR

SAMTSE

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary

TRASHIGANG

MONGAR

EL

Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park

DAGANA

PE

HAA

TRONGSA

Thrumshingla National Park

5,

GD

U

THIMPHU

W AN

Torsa Strict Nature Reserve

BUMTHANG

56

PUNAKHA PARO

,1

Pg.

209

Bumthang Thimphu

DZONGKHAGWISE NORMALIZED HAPPY HOUSEHOLDS Pg.

161

MINERAL DEPOSITS IN BHUTAN

GASA 407,310,10

Trashiyangtse

Lhuentse 1326,1494,181

PARO

1306,1983,98

GD U

THIMPHU

W AN

7587,11476,626

HAA

TRONGSA

2682,3388,167

1328,1284,127

TRASHIGANG

MONGAR

978,1271,41

3960,6374,479

6

SAMDRUPJONGKHAR

36 3,14

24

ZHEMGANG

4950,3078,183

20

1256,1992,131

PE

5875,8154,453

MA GA 28 TS ,1

G 62

AN

5,

SARPANG

,1

TS

Chukha

5261,6007,366

56

IR

2176,1236,73

SAMTSE

HE L

2390,4700,258

DAGANA

4759,3436,168

14

192

1388,1368,114

PH

4363,2562,193

1503,1999,262

BUMTHANG

OD RA

Pg.

NG

PUNAKHA

CONSTITUENCIES Pg. ANNUAL PRECIPITATION

109

GASA

L A Y A

L U N N A N A

K U R T O E

LINGZHI G O E N K H AT O E CHHOEKHOR

Lhuentse

S E P H U K A Z H I

TOEWANG

BUMDELING

Trashiyangtse

KHOMA GOENSHARI

ng Bumtha

CHHUBU

SHABA

PHA

NGY

UL

MEWANG

TSENKHAR URA

PHOBJIKHA

GASETSHOGOM RUBESA

SOUTH THIMPHU THROM

TANGSIBJI

Mongar CHALI

DREPUNG

Chhukha

KANA

ING SAMPHELING

PHUENTENCHU GOSALING SEMJONG

G E TA N A

DORONA

IDING

GOZHI

B O N G O

TSHOLING KIKHOR KHAR THANG

RANGTHANGLING MENDEGANG

Zhemgang

TRONG

CHHIMUNG

ZOBEL

GELEPHU DEKILING

BHUR

CHONGSHING

NGKH A

BJOKA NGANGLHA

TAKLAI NICHULA

SENGYE

K

T

E

N

G

LAURI

KHAR

WANGPHU SAMRANG

O R O N G

DECHENLING

PHUNTSHOTHANG CHOKHORLING

SERTHI

MARTSALA

GOMDAR

Pemagatshel

GOSHING PANGKHAR

SHERSHONG

N O R B U G A N G DEORALI

OYZI

A

Samdrup Jongkhar

YURUNG

UMLING

DARLA

LHAM

S

M E R A K

LUMANG NANONG

JURMEY GONGDUE

DUNGMIN

SHOMPANGKHA HILLEY

BETENI

TSENDAGANG

KENGKHAR

SILAMBI

BARDO

JIGMECHHOELING

DOVAN

DUNGLEGANG

BARSHONG

TRASH

LOGCHINA

ING ARL GES

TADING PAGLI

PHONGME

RADI

KHALING

SHUMAR

NANGKOR

TSIRANGTOE

TSHANGKHA

Trashigang

KANGLUNG OZORONG

KANGPARA

Tsirang Sarpang

LAJAB

KHEBISA

ANG

DOROKHA SAMTSE

Dagana

JEYG

SAMTSE

GELING DUNGNA

HOL

DENCHHUKHA

PHU ENTS

DUNGTOE

DRU

YOESEL TSE UGYEN TSE

BJACHHO

CHENGMARI

SHONGPHU

SAMKHAR

CHASKHAR THANGRONG

PATALEY

THRIM

LAHIRENI

CHAR GHARAY

BIDUNG M SHA BART

YANGNYER

NGATSHANG DREMITSE

MONGAR SALING

KORPHU

BIRU

YALANG

JAR RAM

TSAMANG TSAKALING

LANGTHEL

A T H A N G

TSEZA METAKHA

G

DAGA

GAKILING

TOETSHO

TOMZHANG JAMKHAR

Trongsa SHINGKHAR

CHAPCHA

TENDU SIPSU

NARAN

DAGALA

NAJA

BARA

SHERMUNG

JAREY

DRAKTENG

Wangduephodrang

GASETSHOYOM

GYENYE DOGA

YANGTSE

CHUMEY GANGTEY

UESU SAMA

METSHO

BJENA

HO THETS

NAHI

PEMAT HANG

LUNGNYI

TOEBISA BARP

CHANG

NYISHO

NG

Thimphu

HUNGREL WANGCHANG

KATSHO

HAA

MENBI MINJAY

DOTENG

SOMBAYKHA

GANGZUR

TALO DZOMI

LINGMUKHA

DOPSHARI LAMGONG

TANG

NUBI

GUMA

KAWANG

TSENTO

B J I

DANGCHU

SHENGANA

KABJISA

Paro

MDA KHA

232

Punakha

SHING

GOENKHAMEY

NARO NORTH THIMPHU THROM

LAM

SOE

BA

Pg.

DEOTHANG

LANGCHHENPHU


Facts About Bhutan