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History of the legendary Ford Mustang


eMag Jan 2012


In This Issue

Page 4.............................................................Committee Contacts Page 5.............................................................Chairman’s Desk Page 7..................................................................Editor’s Desk Page 8……………………………………………………………………….Forthcoming Events Page 9 - 11……………………………………………………………………….Outings – VCCCK Annual Christmas Lunch Page 12 - 16………………………………………International Article – The Ford Mustang Page 17……………….............Sokoni Page 18 - 20….....’Hapa Kwetu’ – John Wroe’s Vintage & Classic Car Collection Page 21………………………….Chill Out Corner Page 22 & 23…………………………Club Page


Committee Contacts Chairman - Monte Singh

Vice Chairman - Raju Chaggar 020 – 555692 PO Box 72283 – 00200 Nairobi 020 – 552854 PO Box 18381 – 00500 Nairobi

Treasurer - Nitin Pandit

Membership - Brian Nicol 020 – 4440772 PO Box 20497 – 00200 Nairobi 0729 – 984376 PO Box 15184 – 00509 Nairobi

Secretary - Cilla Young

Editor - James Dyson 0722 - 738069 + 44 7889 125 782 4 Caxton House, Oxted Surrey, RH8 0TE

Merchandise - Peter Young

Events - Pavi Panesar 0720 – 740821 0734 – 600541 0728 - 600541

Reciprocating Clubs Vintage and Classic Club Of Matabeleland Vintage and Veteran Club

Old Auto Club Border Vintage Club

Club Sponsors Chequered Flag Ltd Nanak Car Parts Ltd Unifilters (K) Ltd Domaine Kenya Ltd Arun’s Auto Ltd


Central Motor Service Ltd Davis and Shirtliff Ltd Westlands Secretarial Services Ltd Nimrod (A) Ltd

Chairman’s desk: Dear Members, I'd like to wish you all a very Happy & Prosperous New Year and sincerely hope that those of you with restoration projects are able to complete them this year so we can see these at our outings & functions. We are approaching the AGM and yet another year has passed by so fast. I am proud to say that after a lapse of many years we were able to re-instate our Annual Run in the Calendar of Events and this event was very successful despite a few doubting Thomas's who still felt that it was an event that should be shelved. We are introducing four new faces into our Committee as I am a strong believer in change and feel that the current Committee needs new ideas and these can only come by introducing new faces. I hope that the new Committee will be adopted at the AGM so that they are able to take the Club to greater heights. Our next outing was postponed by a week to 29th January, 2012 so I look forward to seeing many of you at the Lukenya BBQ Drive safe.


Please be aware that the contents of this magazine reflect the opinions and experiences of members of the Vintage and Classic Car Club of Kenya and are not to be used as legal advice. Whilst we attempt to ensure the enclosed information is as reliable as possible all matters relating to motoring law, or any other legal / official matters should be pursued with the relevant legal authorities. We cannot accept any liability for loss or damage based on of the following advice as it is given in good faith only.



Editor’s desk: Dear Members, First and foremost, I hope everyone had a very enjoyable Christmas and new year. In this issue of the magazine, there is an article on the history of the Ford Mustang, Mr Wroe’s collection of Vintage and Classic Cars in the ‘hapa kwetu’ article and a letter to the club which was emailed to Mr Wroe from Peter and Anne Tilbury. Inside, there is also a write-up and some photos of the Annual Christmas Lunch which took place on the 12th of December. Many thanks to Mr. Wroe, who kindly allowed us to host the lunch at his house, as well as give us a tour showing us all his Vintage and Classic Cars. This month I’ve also updated parts of the VCCCK website which hasn’t been updated since Mr Dyson left. Mr Dyson has sent some instructions on how exactly to do it and we’ll hopefully have a fully updated website soon. There is also, as usual a new question for the ‘test yourself’. Well done to J.J. Goudsbloem and Alexander Braunmuehl who both answered last month’s question correctly. Best wishes for the new-year,



Forthcoming Events Save These dates…

January 29th – Lukenya Barbecue


Outings On Monday 12th December 2011, the VCCCK Christmas Lunch took place at Mr. Wroe’s house in Karen. This event is held annually on the 12th of December public holiday. This year, the lunch was different from last year’s. Firstly, the club has decided to get back to having the lunch at people’s houses rather than at clubs or hotels. Secondly, this year, the lunch was catered by Ariana rather than Mr Leo Murotto. The event was well attended with around 40 members as well as 6 Vintage and Classic Cars. Members started to arrive at around noon and after a complimentary drink, Mr Wroe kindly showed all the members his Mr Nicol and Mr Kalsey serving drinks at the bar collection of Vintage and Classic Cars and Motor bikes. Photos of the cars are shown in the ‘hapa kwetu’ article on pages 18-20.

Above right and left: Members enjoying the lunch


Left: The table of raffle prizes Below: Mrs Chemngorem being awarded the prize for the ‘best dressed lady’ by Mr Nicol and Mr Pandit

Lunch was then served at around one, after which the Raffle draw took place and the award for the best dressed lady was given to Mrs Chemngorem. After coffee and cheese, Members started to leave at around 4:00pm. Overall, the event was a good end to a successful year for the VCCCK and luckily occurred on one of the first days of sunshine that December!

Above left: Roger Tanner’s Rolls Royce Above right: Robert Poole’s Mercedes Benz SLC


Above: Alexander Braunmuel’s Morris Minor Right: Gary Farrant’s Dodge

Left: Roger Steadman’s MGB GT Below: Paul Chemngorem’s Toyota Celica




The Ford Mustang is an automobile manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. It was initially based on the second generation North American Ford Falcon, a compact car. Introduced early on April 17, 1964, dubbed as a "1964½" model by Mustang fans, the 1965 Mustang was the automaker's most successful launch since the Model A. The model is Ford's third oldest nameplate in production and has undergone several transformations to its current fifth generation. Mustang created the "pony car" class of American automobiles— sports car-like coupes with long hoods and short rear decks—and gave rise to competitors such as GM’s Chevrolet, AMC's Javelin, and Chrysler's revamped Plymouth Barracuda. It also inspired coupés such as the Toyota Celica and Mercury Capri, which were exported to the United States.

The Mustang Logo

Background Production of the first Mustang began in Dearborn, Michigan on March 9, 1964 and the car was introduced to the public on April 17, 1964 at the New York World's Fair. Executive stylist John Najjar, who was a fan of the World War II P-51 Mustang fighter plane, is credited by Ford to have suggested the name. He was involved in design work on the prototype Ford Mustang I. An alternative view was that Robert J. Eggert, Ford’s market research manager, first suggested the Mustang name. Eggert, a breeder of quarterhorses, received a birthday present from his wife of the book, ‘The Mustangs’ by J. Frank Dobie in 1960. Later, the book’s title gave him the idea of adding the “Mustang” name for Ford’s new concept car. The designer preferred Cougar or Torino (and an advertising campaign using the Indy Car 500 Ford Mustang Pace Cars Torino name was actually prepared), while Henry at the Ford Factory Ford II wanted T-bird II. As the person responsible for Ford’s research on potential names, Eggert added “Mustang” to the list to be tested by focus groups; “Mustang,” by a wide margin, came out on top. The name could not be used in Germany, however, because it was owned by Krupp, which had manufactured trucks between 1951


and 1964 with the name Mustang. Ford refused to buy the name for about US$10,000 from Krupp at the time. Kreidler, a manufacturer of mopeds, also used the name, so Mustang was sold in Germany as the "T-5" until December 1978. Mustangs grew larger and heavier with each model year until, in response to the 1971–1973 models, Ford returned the car to its original size and concept for 1974. It has since seen several platform generations and designs. Although some other pony cars have seen a revival, the Mustang is the only original pony car to remain in uninterrupted production over five decades of development and revision. First Generation (1964 – 1973) Donald N. Frey was the head engineer for the T-5 project and he supervised the overall development of the car in a record 18 months. The T-5 prototype was a two-seat, mid-mounted engine roadster. This vehicle employed the German Ford Taunus V4 engine and was very similar in appearance to the much later Pontiac Fiero. 1971 First Generation Ford Mustang

It was claimed that the decision to abandon the two-seat design was in part due to the low sales experienced with the 2-seat 1955 Thunderbird. To broaden market appeal it was later remodeled as a four-seat car (with full space for the front bucket seats, as originally planned, and a rear bench seat with significantly less space than was common at the time). A "Fastback 2+2" model traded the conventional trunk space for increased interior volume as well as giving exterior lines similar to those of the second series of the Corvette Sting Ray and European sports cars such as the Jaguar E-Type. To cut down the development cost and achieve a suggested retail price of US$2,368, the Mustang was based heavily on familiar yet simple components, many of which were already in production for other Ford models. Many (if not most) of the interior, chassis, suspension, and drivetrain components were derived from those used on Ford's Falcon and Fairlane. This use of common components also shortened the learning curve for assembly and repair workers, while at the same time allowing dealers to pick up the Mustang First generation Ford Mustang without also having to spend massive amounts of money on spare parts inventories to support the new car line.


Favorable publicity articles appeared in 2,600 newspapers the next morning, the day the car was "officially" revealed. A Mustang also appeared in the James Bond film Goldfinger in September 1964, the first time the car was used in a movie. Original sales forecasts projected less than 100,000 units for the first year. This mark was surpassed in three months from rollout. Another 318,000 would be sold during the model year (a record), and in its first eighteen months, more 1977 Second Generation Ford Mustang than one million Mustangs were built. Several changes were made at the traditional opening of the new model year (beginning August 1964), including the addition of back-up lights on some models, the introduction of alternators to replace generators, and an upgrade of the V8 engine. Second Generation (1974 – 1978) Lee Iacocca, who had been one of the forces behind the original Mustang, became President of Ford Motor Company in 1970 and ordered a smaller, more fuel-efficient Mustang for 1974. The new model, called the "Mustang II", was introduced two months before the first 1973 oil crisis, and its reduced size allowed it to compete against imported sports coupÊs such as the Japanese Toyota Celica and the European Ford Capri. First-year sales however were less compared with the original Mustang’s twelve month sales record of 418,812. Lee Iacocca wanted the new car, which returned the Mustang to its 1964 predecessor in size, shape, and overall styling, to be finished to a high standard, saying it should be "a little jewel." However not only was it smaller than the original car, 1976 Second Generation Ford Mustang but it was also heavier, owing to the addition of equipment needed to meet new U.S. emission and safety regulations. Performance was reduced, and despite the car's new handling and engineering features the galloping mustang emblem "became a less muscular steed that seemed to be cantering."


The car was available in coupé and hatchback versions, including a "luxury" Ghia model designed by Ford's recently acquired Ghia of Italy. Changes introduced in 1975 included reinstatement of the 302 CID V8 option (after being without a V8 option for the 1974 model year) and availability of an economy option called 1980 Ford Mustang Third Generation the "MPG Stallion". Other changes in appearance and performance came with a "Cobra II" version in 1976 & 1977 and a "King Cobra" in 1978. Third Generation (1979-1993) The 1979 Mustang was based on the longer Fox platform (initially developed for the 1978 Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr). The interior was restyled to accommodate four people in comfort despite a smaller rear seat. Body styles included a coupé, hatchback and convertible. In response to slumping sales and escalating fuel prices during the early 1980s, a new Mustang was in development. It was to be a variant of the Mazda MX-6. Enthusiasts wrote to Ford objecting to the proposed change to a front-wheel drive, Japanese-designed Mustang without a V8 option. The result was a major facelift of the existing Mustang in 1987, while the MX-6 variant became the 1989 Ford Probe.

Fourth Generation 1998 Ford Mustang


1990 Ford Mustang Third Generation

Fourth Generation (1994 – 2004) In 1994 the Mustang underwent its first major redesign in fifteen years. The new styling by Patrick Schiavone incorporated several styling cues from earlier Mustangs. For the first time since 1974, a hatchback coupe model was unavailable. The base model came with a 3.8 OHV V6 engine rated at 145 bhp in 1994 and 1995, or 150 bhp (1996–1998), and was mated to a standard 5-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic. Though initially used in the 1994 and 1995 Mustang GT, Ford retired the 302 cid pushrod small-block V8 after nearly 40 years of use, replacing it with the

newer Modular 4.6 L SOHC V8 in the 1996 Mustang GT. The 4.6 L V8 was initially rated at 215 bhp (160 kW), 1996–1997, but was later increased to 225 bhp (168 kW) in 1998. For 1999, the Mustang received Ford's New Edge styling theme with sharper contours, larger wheel arches, and creases in its bodywork, but its basic proportions, interior design, and chassis remained the same as the previous model. The Mustang's powertrains were carried over for 1999, but benefited from Fourth Generation 2002 Ford Mustang new improvements. The standard 3.8 L V6 was rated at 190 bhp 1999–2004, while the Mustang GT's 4.6 L V8 saw an increase in output to 260 bhp (1999–2004), due to a new head design and other enhancements. There were also three alternate models offered in this generation: the 2001 Bullitt, the 2003 and 2004 Mach 1, as well as the 320 bhp 1999 & 2001, and 390 bhp 2003–2004 Cobra. Fifth Generation (2005 – Present) Ford introduced a redesigned 2005 model year Mustang at the 2004 North American International Auto Show. Developed under the direction of Chief Engineer Hau Thai-Tang and exterior styling designer Sid Ramnarace, the fifth-generation Mustang's styling echoes the shine-back Mustangs of the late 1960s. Ford's senior vice president of design, J Mays, called it "retro-futurism." The fifthgeneration Mustang is manufactured at the Auto-Alliance International plant in Flat Rock, Michigan. For the 2005 to 2009 production years, the base model was powered by a 210 hp cast-iron block 4.0 L SOHC V6, while the GT used an aluminum block 4.6 L SOHC 3-valve Modular V8 with variable camshaft timing (VCT) that produced 300 hp . Ford announced in July, 2007 that all 2008 Mustangs would have seats containing material derived from soybeans. A new option for the 2009 Mustang was a $1,995 glass roof. The 2010 model year Mustang was released in the spring of 2009 with a redesigned exterior. The engine for base Mustangs remained unchanged, while GTs 4.6 L V8 was revised resulting in 315 hp. Left: 2005 Fifth Generation Ford Mustang Right: 2011 Fifth Generation Ford Mustang


Sokoni For sale

Chevrolet Pickup Year of Manufacture: 1938 Registration Number: Q 98 Price: 1,000,000 Negotiable The car is currently undergoing bodywork repairs Contact Crispin Murua for more details: 0723-323189 Please note: The car pictured above is not the one for sale.


To advertise for any parts or cars for sale or wanted, please email the product as well as a picture to


‘Hapa Kwetu’ – Mr John Wroe’s Vintage & Classic Car Collection

This month, the ‘Hapa Kwetu’ article focuses on Mr. John Wroe’s Vintage & Classic Car Collection. Due to the size of his collection, only a few cars have been included in this article, however, more will follow in future issues! The information about the cars comes from a calendar made for Mr. Wroe’s collection. 1928 Ford Model “A” Tudor This beautiful Ford Model “A” Tudor was purchased by Mr. Wroe in 1978. It was mainly in pieces and the steel body was recovered from a spray painter in the Nairobi Industrial Area. By 1989 it was placed in the top ten of the Concours D’Elegance and won awards for ‘first’ as best vintage car, ‘first’ as best Ford and ‘second’ in Vintage and Classic cars. It continued to win Concours D’Elegance awards in 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996 and 2000, receiving either ‘first’ or occasionally ‘second’ in Vintage and Classic cars. In 2003, the car was used for the Vice President of Kenya – Michael Wamalwa – wedding. The car, which is in good running order, has taken part in East African Vintage car club events and continues to be entered from time to time in the Kenya Concours D’Elegance.

Mr John Wroe’s 1928 Ford Model “A” Tudor.


1934 Rolls Royce 20/25 This Rolls Royce was sold to Roots Ltd., Piccadilly on 20th April, 1934. It was then sold to Mr. F. Wallis of Goring-onThames on 2nd November 1934. The car was a limousine by coach builders Thrupp and Maberly. The next owners were ‘The Wednesdbury Tube Co. Ltd.’ In 1939. The vehicle was first registered in Kenya in May 1954 under the ownership of Mr A.P. The 1934 Rolls Royce 20/25 Warren-Gash. In July of the same year it was sold to Mr. R.V. Holme. In July 1960, it was acquired by Waverley Estate Ltd. (Mr. Robert H.D. Colt). The limousine body had deteriorated and was removed and discarded and the car was fitted with a flat bed body and used to deliver milk throughout Kiambu area. The car was then laid up for some time during which Mr. Colt had a Boatail body made for it – around 1985 – from original U.K. drawings. The work was never finished after Mr. Colt fell out with the restorer and it was put up on blocks until September 2000 when Mr. Wroe bought it. 1928 Chevrolet Phaeton The 4 cylinder Chevrolet Phaeton was purchased by Mr. Wroe from Mrs. Njenga, widow of the late Principal Kenya Immigration Officer, Jonathan Njenga. Mr. Wroe acquired the car in 1985, thinking that it was still in good condition having known the car previously when it belonged to his wife’s uncle, Jim Simon. At this time it had a rather ugly plywood Colonial box body. On getting the car home, John was shocked to find that the crown wheel and pinion from the differential were missing as well as the cover. The prop shaft was


1928 Chevrolet Phaeton

missing, the engine was seized and all the push rods were bent. Fortunately, John had a lot of the required parts amongst his collection of old car parts. The non-original headlights were also changed. The Phaeton body, John believes, was locally made and fitted by the local body builders Kehar Singh and Sons, probably some time in the 1980’s. This car has taken part in the East African Vintage Car Club events and Vintage and Classic Car Club events.

Above: 1928 Chevrolet Phaeton Right: Rolls Royce 20/25 Below: Ford Model “A” Tudor


Chill out Corner

Martin had just received his brand new driver’s license. The family troops out to the driveway, and climbs in the car where he is going to take them for a ride for the first time. Dad immediately heads for the back seat, directly behind the newly minted driver. "I'll bet you're back there to get a change of scenery after all those months of sitting in the front passenger seat teaching me how to drive," says the beaming boy to his father. "Nope," comes dad's reply, "I'm gonna sit here and kick the back of your seat as you drive, just like you've been doing to me all these years."

Last month’s answer: Bugatti Type 57SC Atlantic auctioned for $40 million or £27 million on 5th May 2010. Last month’s winner: Mr. Alexander Braunmuehl.

Guess the car and stand a chance to win a VCCCK Polo Shirt. Answers can be emailed to


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Club Page – Letters to the Club

Below is a letter written to Mr Johnny Wroe from Peter and Anne Tilbury who were previous members of the VCCCK: Hi Johnny, We just got your Christmas letter and we wanted to take the opportunity to say a big ‘hello’ to old friends in the who, we understand, will be filling their bellies at you house tomorrow (Sunday 12th December). We have attached a photo taken in August showing our two, yes now two, MGAs (photo shown on the next page). Peter finished rebuilding the 1958 MGA Coupe in May, after about five years of off and on work on it. It was originally a 1500 with a 4.3 diff, and was white when we got it. However, it was Ash Green when it left the factory. Now it is Orient Red with a White roof, and we built it as a replica rally car. It now has a 1622 engine, a FORD 5speed gearbox, a 3.9 diff, and alloy when. No bumpers, rally seats, and 2 spot lights to finish the rally image. In June this year, we drove the two cars to Reno (2000 miles round trip) to an MG meeting – Peter drove the white roadster, and Anne drove the red/white coupe. Anne had not driven a manual gearbox for over 20 years, nor had she ever driven an MGA. There were 9 cars in Anne’s class and she took first place. This MG meet in Reno saw about 640 MG’s of all models together. It took us two and a half days to drive the 1000 miles to Reno from Vancouver. Please raise a glass during lunch to say Merry Christmas and fond memories to our old friends. (All our friends are old!!!) Cheers, Peter and Anne Tilbury


Below: Peter & Anne Tilbury’s MGAs



VCCCK eMag - January 2012  
VCCCK eMag - January 2012  

Club eMag - January 2012