South Carolina Living September 2021

Page 1



Go wild Explore the pristine beauty of Botany Bay



WIRE celebrates 40 years SC RECIPE

A taste of Tex-Mex SC STORIE S

Keeping the faith

Battery Power for the Great American Outdoors ƒ STARTING AT




Real STIHL. Find yours at All prices MAS-SRP. Includes tool, battery and charger. Available at participating dealers. ©2021 STIHL 20MASBP1-12-145350-3


Read in more than 600,000 homes and businesses and published monthly except in December by The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. 808 Knox Abbott Drive Cayce, SC 29033 Tel: (803) 926‑3175 Fax: (803) 796‑6064 Email: EDITOR

Keith Phillips Tel: (803) 739‑3040 Email:


21 Botany Bay

in a day


Explore one of South Carolina’s truly wild places at Botany Bay Plantation Wildlife Management Area.

Josh Crotzer


Travis Ward


Sharri Harris Wolfgang DESIGNER

The Knight family from James Island enjoys catchand-release fishing at Jason’s Lake in Botany Bay.

Camille Stewart PRODUCTION

Andrew Chapman WEB EDITOR

Chase Toler


Trevor Bauknight, Jennifer Jas, Jim Poindexter CONTRIBUTORS

Michael Banks, Mike Couick, Hastings Hensel, Jan A. Igoe, L.A. Jackson, Patrick Keegan, Sydney Patterson, Belinda Smith-Sullivan, Brad Thiessen


Updates from your cooperative


The much-anticipated arrival of electric pickup trucks and truck-like SUVs is just down the road.

8 DIALOGUE Meeting people’s needs where they are


Lou Green


Not all co-op first responders wear hard hats. For the women of WIRE, putting others first is second nature.

Mary Watts Tel: (803) 739‑5074 Email: NATIONAL REPRESENTATION

American MainStreet Publications Tel: (512) 441‑5200 Paid advertisements are not endorsements by any electric cooperative or this publication. If you encounter a difficulty with an advertisement, inform the Editor. ADDRESS CHANGES: Please send to your

local co-op. Postmaster: Send Form 3579 to Address Change, c/o the address above. Periodicals postage paid at Columbia, S.C., and additional mailing offices.

© COPYRIGHT 2021. The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. No portion of South Carolina Living may be reproduced without permission of the Editor.

is brought to you by your member-owned, taxpaying, not-for-profit electric cooperative to inform you about your cooperative, wise energy use and the faces and places that identify the Palmetto State. Electric cooperatives are South Carolina’s — and America’s — largest utility network.

10 ENERGY Q&A Drilling down on cordless tools 12 SC SCENE A legacy of service

Women Involved in Rural Electrification (WIRE) celebrates 40 years of empowering co-op communities.

14 SC STORIES Keeping the faith

When God calls you to preach, you preach. The Rev. Charles Jackson looks back on five decades of ministry at West Columbia’s Brookland Baptist Church.


$8 nonmembers

$5.72 members,

16 RECIPE Tex-Mex cuisine

Rustle up some authentic Southwestern cuisine right in your own kitchen—no chuck wagon required.


18 GARDENER Dividing bearded irises

Bearded irises add colorful blooming spunk to your landscape. Here’s how to keep them going strong.

Member of the AMP network reaching more than 9 million homes and businesses

34 36 38



Go wild


Refrigerator buyers, start your engines

Shopping for a major home appliance? Read this first. FRO M TO P: M IC SM ITH; JOSH P. CROT ZER; I U LI I A N EDRYGA I LOVA

Explore the pristine beauty of Botany Bay


WIRE celebrates 40 years SEPTEMBER 2021



Consider investing in cordless power tools before you start that next home improvement project.


A taste of Tex-Mex SC STORIE S

Keeping the faith

Let your imagination and spirit of adventure run wild in the coastal wilderness of Botany Bay Plantation Wildlife Management Area. Photo by Mic Smith.


SC | agenda Nice truck! of all kinds c­ ontinue to capture the interest of American drivers, the much-anticipated arrival of electric pickup trucks and truck-like SUVs is just down the road. Ford’s electric F-150 Lightning is scheduled to arrive in spring 2022, starting under $40,000 for the commercial trim package (230-mile-range model). A 300-plus-mile battery is an option, and all models are four-wheel drive with respectable towing and payload capacities. The Lightning is also equipped to provide 9.6 kilowatts of home backup power or portable power for a job site; it’s one reason the company declared this new model their best truck to date—not best electric vehicle, but best truck, period. Tesla has more than a million preorders for their new Cybertruck, which will likely arrive in 2022. The 250-mile-range twowheel-drive model starts under $40,000 and steps up to $50,000 for the 300-mile-range, four-wheel-drive model. Tesla plans to offer a 500-plus-mile-range version for $70,000 that can tow more than 14,000 pounds. GMC has announced a late 2021 release of an electric Hummer with 1,000 horsepower and additional features for off-road performance. Rivian, a startup backed by




ALL-ELECTRIC Clockwise from left: Ford’s F-150 Lightning can provide portable power to a job site and extra cargo capacity where the internal combustion engine used to go; Tesla has more than one million drivers waiting on delivery of the Cybertruck in early 2022; backed by Ford and Amazon, Rivian plans to roll out the R1T pickup later this year.

billions of dollars from Ford and Amazon, is planning to unveil their R1T electric pickup later this year with the R1S SUV to follow. Crossover SUVs (sometime called CUVs) are one of the most popular types of vehicles, and a number of manufacturers say they’ll have electric models available soon. Ford’s Mustang Mach-E is available now with a range up to 305 miles, starting at $45,000. Volkswagen’s ID.4 starts at $40,000 and is available with all-wheel-drive options. Electric trucks and SUVs are a natural extension of the EV market. The vehicles benefit from the inherent advantages of an electric drive train, including a low center of gravity and the instant torque and superior traction control of electric motors, which can increase off-road capabilities. —PATRICK KEEGAN AND BRAD THIESSEN

ONLY ON Register to win

No matter where your travels take you this fall, some extra spending money will help make the journey more enjoyable. Sign up today for our September Reader Reply Travel Sweepstakes and a chance to win a $100 Visa gift card. We’ll draw the name of one lucky reader from all eligible entries received by Sept. 30. Register today at


Cooling and heating your home makes up the largest portion of monthly energy bills. Regular equipment maintenance combined with recommended insulation, air sealing and thermostat settings can save about 30% on your energy bills while helping our environment. SOURCE: ENERGY.GOV



The Vektor Fish & Game Forecast provides feeding and ­migration times. Major periods can bracket the peak by an hour. Minor peaks, ½ hour before and after. Minor

AM Major


PM Major

SEPTEMBER 16 2:37 10:07 11:07 5:37 17 3:52 11:07 11:22 6:07 18 4:52 11:37 11:52 6:22 19 — 5:37 6:52 12:22 20 — 6:22 7:07 12:52 21 12:52 6:52 7:22 1:07 22 7:37 1:22 1:37 7:37 23 8:22 1:52 2:07 7:52 24 9:07 2:37 2:22 8:07 25 9:52 3:07 2:37 8:07 26 11:07 3:52 2:37 8:22 27 — 4:37 — 8:07 28 — 5:52 — 6:07 29 — 7:22 — 5:07 30 — 8:37 11:07 5:07

OCTOBER 1 2:22 9:37 11:07 5:07 2 3:37 10:22 11:22 5:22 3 4:37 11:07 11:37 5:37 4 5:22 11:37 12:07 6:07 5 — 6:07 12:22 12:37 6 — 7:07 12:52 6:37 7 7:52 1:07 1:37 7:07 8 8:52 1:52 2:07 7:22 9 9:52 2:37 2:52 7:52 10 11:07 3:22 3:37 8:22 11 — 4:22 1:07 8:37 12 — 5:37 — 3:07 13 — 7:22 12:37 4:07 14 — 8:52 10:22 4:37 15 2:52 9:52 10:52 4:52

Make your home more comfortable than ever

Your upgrade from couch to first class has been approved. Whether you want to sleep, read or watch TV the perfect sleep chair is . . . Just perfect NOW

also available in Genuine Italian Leather and New Chestnut Color (as pictured here)

“To you, it’s the perfect lift chair. To me, it’s the best sleep chair I’ve ever had.” — J. Fitzgerald, VA

Three Chairs in One Sleep/Recline/Lift

ACCREDITED BUSINESS A+ You can’t always lie down in bed and sleep. Heartburn, cardiac problems, hip or back aches – and dozens of other ailments and worries. Those are the nights you’d give anything for a comfortable chair to sleep in: one that reclines to exactly the right degree, raises your feet and legs just where you want them, supports your head and shoulders properly, and operates at the touch of a button. Our Perfect Sleep Chair® does all that and more. More than a chair or recliner, it’s designed to provide total comfort. Choose your preferred heat and massage settings, for hours of soothing relaxation. Reading or watching TV? Our chair’s recline technology allows you to pause the chair in an infinite number of settings. And best of all, it features a powerful lift mechanism that tilts the entire chair forward, making it easy to stand. You’ll love the other benefits, too. It helps with correct spinal alignment and promotes back pressure relief, to

prevent back and muscle pain. The overstuffed, oversized biscuit style back and unique seat design will cradle you in comfort. Generously filled, wide armrests provide enhanced arm support when sitting or reclining. It even has a battery backup in case of a power outage. White glove delivery included in shipping charge. Professionals will deliver the chair to the exact spot in your home where you want it, unpack it, inspect it, test it, position it, and even carry the packaging away! You get your choice of Genuine Italian Leather, stain and water repellent custom-manufactured DuraLux™ with the classic leather look or plush MicroLux™ microfiber in a variety of colors to fit any decor. New Chestnut color only available in Genuine Italian Leather. Call now!

The Perfect Sleep Chair®



Genuine Italian Leather


classic beauty & durability

Long Lasting DuraLux™

Mahogany (Burgundy)








stain & water repellent

MicroLux™ Microfiber

breathable & amazingly soft

Because each Perfect Sleep Chair is a made-to-order bedding product it cannot be returned, but if it arrives damaged or defective, at our option we will repair it or replace it. © 2021 firstSTREET for Boomers and Beyond, Inc.


Footrest may vary by model


SC   dialogue

Meeting people’s needs where they are FIRST RESPONDERS ACT QUICKLY AND SELFLESSLY


President and CEO, The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina

For 40 years, S.C. WIRE has come to the aid of people in need, and they stand ready to do it again and again.


in responding to the urgent needs of their neighbors. These men and women—whether they wear a badge, carry a hose or drive an ambulance— are whom we depend upon in our most desperate moments. In the electric cooperative world, we view our lineworkers as first responders. Their jobs often require them to leave their homes in the middle of the night to restore power or work long hours in harsh conditions to rebuild lines taken down by a severe storm. But there is another group I liken to first responders. For 40 years, S.C. WIRE (Women Involved in Rural Electrification) has come to the aid of people in need, and they stand ready to do it again and again. Founded in 1981 as a nonprofit organization and the charitable arm of many local electric cooperatives, the organization includes co-op members, employees, wives of employees, co-op retirees, trustees and wives of trustees. Turn to Page 12 for the story of WIRE’s long history of helping South Carolina families and communities. Some of the group’s most durable projects are the ones in which someone calls and says, “We’ve got a problem, and we need your help.” That happened in 2012 when then-Lt. Gov. Glenn McConnell contacted the electric cooperatives and asked for help. A long-term care ­facility was being closed for health and safety reasons, forcing the displacement of its elderly residents to other facilities across the state. These senior ­citizens were given black garbage bags to pack up their belongings—clothes, toothbrushes, Bibles and family pictures. As they waited for transportation to their next destination, the makeshift luggage was left in a hallway. That day happened to be trash day. By an unfortunate mistake, all of the residents’ possessions, their memories and personal items that helped them maintain their dignity, were thrown away. The bags were at a landfill before anyone noticed. In response, WIRE members from across the state got together and packed 50 duffel bags with more than two dozen personal items like soaps, shampoos and toothbrushes for the residents. They couldn’t replace the most valuable things they’d


lost, but they did restore some of that dignity and, in doing so, established a new project called “Co-op Closet.” Since then, WIRE members “value shop” for those personal supplies, including blankets, clothes and toiletries. Each spring, they gather to pack another 50 duffel bags for the S.C. Department on Aging. Now, whenever residents in need must move to another care facility, they are provided one of these duffel bags. In 2017, the women of WIRE took on a similar project they call “Kids Closet,” which works with the state Department of Education to help alleviate a growing problem in our state. Throughout South Carolina, thousands of teens are without a permanent or stable place to live. They often attend their high schools and middle schools without the benefit of the basic essentials their classmates take for granted. WIRE chapters from across the state gather annually to assemble drawstring backpacks filled with soap, toothpaste, toothbrushes, deodorant, shampoo, lotion, feminine hygiene products and laundry detergent. The Department of Education then discretely distributes the bags to youth in need, allowing students to tend to their personal needs no matter where they sleep at night. In recent years, the students who participated in the Cooperative Youth Summit also helped assemble the backpacks during their visit to Columbia. These are just two examples of WIRE meeting the needs of South Carolinians where they are at different ends of the generational spectrum. The chapters at many electric cooperatives across the state also respond to local needs with cannedgoods drives for food banks, meal deliveries to shut-ins and fundraisers for neighbors with unexpected medical bills—just to mention a few of their initiatives. I’m thankful our people are brave enough to protect us from danger and skilled enough to rescue us from disasters. I’m also grateful for WIRE, and all the groups like them, that respond to calls of need from whomever they come.

Our easiest Jitterbug® phones ever.




New Unlimited Talk & Text



Data plans as low as $249/mo.2

New Unlimited Talk & Text


Large screen and big buttons

Large 6.2" screen

Easy, list-based menu

Simple, list-based menu

Voice calling and texting with Amazon Alexa

Voice typing Video chat Value plans with data as low as $1748/mo.2

Powerful speaker

Urgent Response button for help, 24/7

Urgent Response button for help, 24/7

Value plans as low as $1499/mo.2

EASY The Jitterbug® Flip2 and Jitterbug® Smart3 are our easiest Jitterbug® phones ever. Both have large screens and list-based menus. The Jitterbug Flip2 has big buttons, a powerful speaker and you can use your voice to make calls or write texts. With the Jitterbug Smart3, you can voice type emails and texts, video chat and use the internet for maps and directions. SAFE Turn your Jitterbug phone into a health and safety device with Lively™ Urgent Response service. Simply press the Urgent Response button to be connected to a certified Agent who will confirm your location, assess the situation and get you the help you need, 24/7. AFFORDABLE New Unlimited Talk & Text plans are now just $1999 a month, with data for your

Nationwide coverage

No long-term contracts

Available in-store or online at:

Jitterbug Smart3 as low as $249 a month. There are GRANDPARENTS DAY no long-term contracts and no cancellation fees. Plus, coverage is powered by the nation’s most 1 reliable wireless network.


% OFF Friendly customer service representatives are happy OFFER STARTS 8/29/21 to help you choose the phone and plan that are right for you.






To order or learn more, call


100% U.S.-based live customer service and technical support

No hidden monthly fees

Keep your current phone number

¹25% off of device applies to regular price of $9999 for the Jitterbug Flip2 and $14999 for the Jitterbug Smart3. Only valid for new lines of service. Offer valid through 9/25/21 at Rite Aid and Walgreens. Offer valid through 10/2/21 at Best Buy. ²Monthly fees do not include government taxes or fees and are subject to change. Plans and services may require purchase of Lively device and one-time setup fee of $35. A data plan is required for the Jitterbug Smart3. Urgent Response or 911 calls can be made only when cellular service is available. Urgent Response tracks an approx. location of device when device is turned on and connected to the network. Lively does not guarantee an exact location. Urgent Response is only available with the purchase of a Lively Health & Safety Package. Consistently rated the most reliable network and best overall network performance in the country by IHS Markit’s RootScore Reports. Amazon Alexa integration with Jitterbug Flip2 requires Alexa registration and is subject to Alexa’s Terms of Use. By enabling Alexa on the Jitterbug Flip2, you acknowledge that Lively is not responsible for Amazon Alexa’s functionality or services. Amazon, Alexa and all related logos are trademarks of, Inc. or its affiliates. Screen images simulated. Appearance of device may vary. LIVELY and JITTERBUG are trademarks of Best Buy and its affiliated companies. ©2021 Best Buy. All rights reserved.



SC   energy Q&A

Drilling down on cordless tools BY PATRICK KEEGAN AND BRAD THIESSEN


on how to dispose of these batteries properly. We also recommend cordless power tools for a variety of other tasks around the house and in the yard. At the top of our list: String trimmer A string trimmer is a quick way to trim weeds and grass near If you and your walls, bricks and rocks. If spouse enjoy tackyour family uses an old gas ling home projects, trimmer around the yard, it’s rechargeable cordless tools time for a change. Two-stroke are an excellent investment, engines pollute the air and especially when going cordRechargeable tools have a safety advantage in that they help avoid the risk of a require regular maintenance. less gives you greater flexcut cord, which can bring a shocking end to a home project. Electric trimmers are more ibility. A drill, for example, energy efficient and quieter. is something you will move You can find a variety of models between around with and often use outside, so As one of the most-used $50 and $150, and it’s worth paying a a cordless model is much more convepower tools, a power drill little more to get a highly rated model nient. On the other hand, a table saw that will last longer. doesn’t need to be moved repeatedly should be everyone’s first during a home project. Leaf blower Do yourself (and your As one of the most-used power tools, neighbors!) a favor by upgrading to cordless tool. a power drill should be everyone’s first a cordless leaf blower, which is more cordless tool. Using a corded drill can energy efficient, much quieter and less expensive, but they’re gaining popularmean constantly moving the cord around ity because they hold a charge longer. polluting than gas-powered models. furniture, other tools or your own feet, They also have a longer life, but they still Flashlight LED technology is which can be dangerous. Cordless drills degrade over time and may need to be amazing—today’s LED flashlights can are easy to use, and the technology has replaced in about three years. Lithiumproduce 20 times as much light as the improved so they have more power and ion batteries should not be disposed with old incandescent ones. And they come in hold a charge longer. Light-duty drills are trash because they are a fire hazard and a variety of options, from tiny keychain smaller and less powerful, but easy to contain toxic chemicals. Your local waste lights to headlamps to waterproof spotuse for smaller projects. disposal service can provide ­information lights. A flashlight can usually give better Quality cordless tools are usually light than a cell phone, especially if less expensive if you buy them as part you’re working in a tight space like under of a set instead of one tool at a time. a sink. A flashlight often comes as part And since each line of tools uses a of a cordless tool set, or you can buy a unique battery, you can’t mix and match single unit that recharges using a USB between brands. It may cost less in the port on a charger, a USB wall socket or a long run to buy a cordless starter kit mobile phone battery. with a few helpful tools and a few extra We hope this information helps you batteries, then add tools to the set as choose the right cordless tools for your needed. project. It’s worth buying a reputable brand of cordless tools so you can be confident Send questions to Energy Q&A, South Carolina you will be able to find replacement batLiving, 808 Knox Abbott Drive, Cayce, SC A rechargeable flashlight can bring full light into 29033, or email teries. Lithium-ion batteries are more small spaces.

We are about to begin a major home improvement project and are thinking it’s time to get some good recharge‑ able power tools. Is the extra cost of cordless worth the investment?









Reg: $599.98

Only $299 99

Each When You Buy a Pair – LIMITED TIME ONLY!

How can a rechargeable hearing aid that costs only $29999

be every bit as good as one that sells for $2,400 or more?

The answer: Although tremendous strides have been made in Advanced Digital Hearing Aid Technology, those cost reductions have not been passed on to you. Until now...

“This is truly a miracle… I don’t even know how to begin thanking you for giving me my life back!” – Sherri H., Granville, NY


The MDHearingAid® VOLT+ uses the same kind of Advanced Digital RECHARGEABLE Hearing Aid Technology incorporated into hearing aids that cost thousands more at a small fraction of the price. Charging Case Over 600,000 satisfied MDHearingAid customers 30-Hour Battery Life Water Resistant to 3 Feet agree: High-quality,digital, FDA-registered rechargeable hearing aids don’t have to 45-DAY RISK-FREE TRIAL! cost a fortune. The fact is, you don’t need If you are not completely satisfied with to spend thousands for a hearing aid. your MDHearingAids, return them MDHearingAid is a medical-grade, digital, within 45 days for a FULL REFUND! rechargeable hearing aid offering For the Lowest Price Call sophistication and high performance, and works right out of the box with no timeconsuming “adjustment” appointments. Nearly Invisible You can contact a licensed hearing specialist conveniently online or by phone — even after your purchase at no cost. No other company provides such extensive support. Now that you know...why pay more?

1-800-674-5016 Use Code


and get FREE Shipping SHOP AT HOME! Skip the Clinic with Remote Care


Proudly assembled in America!

A+BBB rating for 10+ years


SC   scene

O F S Y E C R A VICE G E L A ITS IMPACT IS AS CLOSE AS YOUR HOME Women Involved in Rural wife, Jenny Ballard, provided the nourishand as far-reaching as Washington, D.C. Its for it to flourish. The Ballards were Electrification celebrates ment projects have benefitted terminally ill chilalready known as a philanthropic power 40 years of empowering couple from a prior stint with ECSC in the dren, families in crisis, homebound elderly early 1970s. Upon their return, they immeand many others in between. Its existence co‑op communities has provided opportunities for women and diately encouraged community outreach proven the value of female leaders in the from the women’s group. BY JOSH P. CROTZER cooperative movement. “He and Jenny thrived on projects that For 40 years, Women Involved in Rural Electrification helped others,” recounts Judy Weaver, a member of the ECSC (WIRE) has been supporting South Carolina electric cooperastaff at the time. “They wanted all the cooperatives and partives, their members and the communities they serve. ticularly the women to be involved in things like that.” The seeds of the organization were planted by an out– After formally organizing in March 1981, WIRE got its going general manager of the Electric Cooperatives of South name and apropos acronym from a submission contest in Carolina (ECSC), Bob Bennett, who directed the association South Carolina Living magazine. Submitted by Blue Ridge from 1950–1980. According to Ann Wasson, whose husband, Electric member Lisa Harrison, the name perfectly depicted David, is CEO of Laurens Electric, Bennett wanted a group of the organization’s objective to connect South Carolina coopfemale representatives from each cooperative to spread the eratives to their communities through outreach, information cooperative message in their communities. and grassroots advocacy. “It brought us all together in a way that we recognized who With a name, a logo and bylaws in place by the end of we are as a cooperative family,” says Wasson, the organization’s the first year, WIRE soon began fundraising with quilt, bake first president. “It gave us an opportunity to have a voice.” and craft sales. Some of those funds helped sponsor a new If Bennett did the sowing to sprout the new organization, scholarship for one of South Carolina’s Youth Tourists. That his successor at the statewide association, Al Ballard, and his scholarship—now named the Jenny Ballard Opportunity

p The money raised by Jan Bonnette and other WIRE members from selling Best of Cook’s Corner at fairs and festivals across the state allowed the organization to support education programs, food banks and tornado victims. u WIRE volunteers Angie Bonnette Lindsey, Jan

Bonnette, and Christa Davis work a bank of phones set up at the ECSC headquarters in Cayce for the Palmetto Project, which raised $300,000 for 1989 Hurricane Hugo victims in rural parts of the state.





p Berkeley Electric staff member Patrice Simmons joined other WIRE members on a visit to a local longterm care facility. They brought gifts and sang carols to Frank Crawford and his fellow residents. t WIRE members pack duffel bags with essential

items. The bags are delivered to the S.C. Department on Aging for displaced residents of nursing homes.

which allowed for more involvement from coopScholarship—would evolve to provide financial support for women returning to college. erative members and a greater impact in those South Carolina One of the most successful early WIRE projects communities. was a cookbook featuring member recipes that had “The statewide chapter of WIRE gave strength been published in South Carolina Living. Under the to the local cooperatives to begin their own direction of WIRE president Joan Bruce of Coastal chapter,” Bonnette contends. “Those chapters not Women Involved in Rural Electrification Electric, Best of Cook’s Corner sold 12,500 copies, only did a lot of good in their communities; they leading to the publication of two additional volumes. also created a lot of women leaders.” The nearly $40,000 raised from the cookbook sales allowed Jan Baxter, who retired in 2015 as Palmetto Electric’s WIRE to make an impact across the state. The ­organization manager of economic development, served as president of sponsored the Governor’s Statewide Rural Development the statewide organization and led one of the first local WIRE Leaders School and the S.C. Food Resources Conference. WIRE chapters. She says her gender was not a professional obstacle also assisted tornado victims, the state literacy program, at Palmetto Electric, but her experience with WIRE provided ­children’s hospitals and food banks. necessary credibility in her community. Following the success of the cookbooks, WIRE commis“When I took over economic development, I was the only woman in those rooms,” says Baxter. “But they knew about sioned South Carolina artist and Denmark native Jim Harrison WIRE and what we were doing in the community. It absoto commemorate the 50th anniversary of rural electrification with a distinctive farmhouse scene. Sales of those prints lutely was beneficial to me in that role.” raised over $62,000. Although Palmetto Electric’s local chapter was one of In addition to the fundraising and service projects, WIRE the first and fastest to grow—it currently boasts over 200 established itself as a strong grassroots advocacy organization. ­members​—it is certainly not the only one still thriving. WIRE members wrote letters to South Carolina’s congressioChapters at ­cooperatives across the state are helping their neighbors with college scholarships, donations to local charnal delegation, encouraging their support of crucial issues impacting electric cooperatives and their members. ities and volunteer initiatives. They provide emergency “At the beginning, we fought the stigma of being the assistance to families suffering after house fires or other organization that put pretty flowers on the table,” says Jan catastrophes. Bonnette, an employee of Mid-Carolina Electric Cooperative The same can be said about the statewide WIRE organiand a past president of WIRE. “But we proved ourselves to be zation, which has carried out the legacy of a commitment a substantial part of cooperatives, and that political advocacy to community. In addition to the Jenny Ballard Opportunity was a big factor in changing that perception.” Scholarship, WIRE members annually pack bags of personal It didn’t hurt that they were also being noticed beyond hygiene items for homeless teens. They also provide essential the state’s borders. WIRE won three national cooperative products for displaced residents at the state’s long-term care honors in its first seven years of existence. The successes facilities. led to increased membership in the statewide organization “We’re people helping people,” says Peggy Dantzler, ECSC’s and the birth of local chapters throughout the state. During vice president of safety and loss control and the statewide her tenure as president from 1984–85, Bonnette visited local WIRE liaison. “It’s all about service to our co-ops, service to our cooperatives, encouraging them to start their own chapters, members and service to whomever you are trying to help.” SCLIVING.COOP   | SEPTEMBER 2021   |   SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



SC   stories

Keeping the faith

The Rev. Charles Jackson He recently celebrated 50 years as pastor of Brookland Baptist Church in West Columbia. PATH NOT TAKEN: After graduating from Benedict College with a degree in mathematics, Jackson received a full scholarship to medical school. “I love the sciences,” he says, but a college minister steered him to Morehouse School of Religion in Atlanta, where he received his Master of Divinity. ALL IN THE FAMILY: Jackson’s son, the Rev. Charles Jackson Jr., is pastor of the New Laurel Street Baptist Church in Columbia. WORDS TO LIVE BY: “I’m happier and more excited in pastoral ministry than I’ve ever been,” Jackson says, even after five decades in the pulpit. “Much of that can be attributed to young pastors. They’ve kept me vibrant and relevant.” FAVORITE SCRIPTURE: Proverbs 3:5–6. “Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy paths.” CLAIM TO FAME:

It’s fitting that one of the Rev. Charles Jackson’s favorite Bible stories is about the boy who gives his lunch of a few fishes and slices of bread to Jesus Christ, who multiplies the offering and feeds thousands. Ever since he was a child, Jackson has been preaching the Gospel to South Carolinians and relying on God to do the rest—like building West Columbia’s Brookland Baptist Church into one of the Midlands’ largest. Jackson got his start presiding over funerals for his neighbors’ dogs and cats. He preached his first sermon when he was just 9 years old. He was licensed to preach a year later and became the pastor at Brookland at 18. “I didn’t choose it. It chose me,” Jackson says of his desire to preach. “Maybe, like Jeremiah, God called me from my mother’s womb.” Jackson’s personal faith journey has not been without challenges. His mother, Ezella Rumph Jackson, died of cancer when he was 16, and her death caused him to question his faith. “I couldn’t understand why God would take my mother, a devout Christian,” he says. “That was very painful. God disappointed me greatly.” He renewed his faith by studying the Book of Job. “Even though Job wrestled and struggled with the inexplicable mystery of God, he never gave up,” Jackson says. “Because he did not give up on God, God did not give up on him.” As he looks back on five decades of ministry, Jackson believes God kept him in West Columbia to raise the next generation of believers and build bridges between those of different races and beliefs. “We have to transcend these barriers that divide us,” Jackson recently told an assembly of 75 high school students representing S.C. electric cooperatives. “And we can do that through love.” —MICHAEL BANKS PHOTO BY MILTON MORRIS








U.S. AIR FORCE™ Embroidered Branch Insignia on the Front

Appliqué of the Branch Emblem on the Back

Officially Licensed

PAY TRIBUTE TO THOSE WHO SERVE No matter your service allegiance, now you can show your support in style with our “Proud to Serve” Military Men’s Hoodie, an original design available in four military branches. Crafted in an easy-care black knit fleece, the hoodie features a large appliqué patch of the official branch emblem on the back, framed with branch motto and slogans, plus the year established, in golden embroidery. An embroidered branch insignia is proudly displayed on the front. Detailing continues throughout this apparel design, like an embroidered flag patch on the left sleeve, light gray thermal knit lining in the hood, kangaroo pockets, rib knit cuffs, hood drawstrings

and a full front zipper. And it’s available in 5 sizes, medium to XXXL. Imported.

A Remarkable Value... Available for a Limited Time

The “Proud to Serve” Military Men’s Hoodie can be yours now for $99.95*, payable in 3 convenient installments of just $33.32 each, and backed by our 30-day, money-back guarantee. Sizes XXL-XXXL, add $10. To reserve yours, send no money now; just return your Priority Reservation. But don’t delay! This custom hoodie is only available from The Bradford Exchange, and this is a limited-time offer. So order today!

TM Officially Licensed by the Department of the Navy. ™Department of the Air Force. Officially Licensed Product of the Air Force ( ™Officially Licensed Product of the United States Marine Corps. Official Licensed Product of the U.S. Army By federal law, licensing fees paid to the U.S. Army for use of its trademarks provide support to the Army Trademark Licensing Program, and net licensing revenue is devoted to U.S. Army Morale, Welfare, and Recreation programs. U.S. Army name, trademarks and logos are protected under federal law and used under license by The Bradford Exchange.

Order Today at

©2021 The Bradford Exchange


Where Passion Becomes Art PRIORITY RESERVATION


The Bradford Exchange

9345 Milwaukee Avenue · Niles, IL 60714-1393

YES. Please reserve the “Proud to Serve” Military Men’s Hoodie for me in the service branch selected below, and in the size indicated.

M (38-40) L (42-44) XL (46-48) XXL (50-52) XXXL (54-56)

❑ U.S. Army® 01-30481-001 Hoodie Size ______ ❑ U.S. Air Force™ 01-30480-001 Hoodie Size ______ ❑ U.S. Marines 01-30478-001 Hoodie Size ______ ❑ U.S. Navy® 01-30479-001 Hoodie Size ______


Mrs. Mr. Ms.

Name (Please Print Clearly)

Address City


E-mail *Plus a total of $13.99 shipping and service each (see Please allow 2-4 weeks after initial payment for delivery. All sales are subject to product availability and order acceptance.




SC   recipe



Tex-Mex nificantly dishes differ sig peica ex n cuisine, es from authentic M s. ient Yellow mes to the ingred will cially when it co ingredients you d cumin are not tos rri bu s, cheese, beef an co shell ta oking, and hard e Th . ns io nt find in Mexican co ve ex rein very much Tex-M ed nn ca d and nachos are an ans eat flour, black be list continues: wh x-Mex is quick Te . an xic Te finitely tomatoes are de en to es from the kitch and easy and go ort time. table in a very sh

This Tex-Mex version of migas (crushed tortillas scrambled with eggs, tomatoes, chilis and onions) is made from tortillas briefly simmered in a sauce and topped with cheese, crema and sometimes meat or fish. 12 6-inch corn tortillas, cut into quarters Canola oil Kosher salt 1 pound raw medium shrimp, peeled and deveined ½ tablespoon ancho chili powder Kosher salt 2½ cups green chili salsa (or red salsa, if preferred) ½ cup queso fresco 1 avocado, diced ¼ cup cilantro leaves, packed


Preheat oven to 400 F. In a Dutch oven or deep skillet, heat oil over mediumhigh heat. Fry tortilla wedges, working in batches, until lightly browned, about 1½ minutes per side. Quickly remove to drain on paper towels. Sprinkle with salt and let cool. Toss shrimp with ancho chili powder and salt. Arrange half of chips in a large cast-iron skillet and pour ½ cup salsa over chips. Top with remaining chips and 2 cups of salsa. Cover skillet with foil and bake for 15 minutes. Remove skillet from oven and increase temperature to broil. Remove foil from skillet and arrange shrimp on top of tortilla mixture. Return skillet to oven and broil until shrimp turn pink, 3–5 minutes. Top with queso fresco, avocado and cilantro.




Traditional Mexican margaritas are made with only three ingredients: tequila, lime juice and triple sec. Texas Margaritas include orange juice and sometimes Grand Marnier. 1 ½ ounces tequila (your favorite brand) 1 ½ ounces triple sec 1 ounce lime juice, fresh-squeezed 1 ounce orange juice, fresh-squeezed 1 lime wedge Kosher salt, for rimming Additional lime wedges, for garnish

In a cocktail shaker filled with ice, add tequila, triple sec, lime juice, and orange juice. Shake rigorously until shaker is cold. Run the lime wedge around the rim of the glass, then dip the glass rim in salt. Strain the chilled margarita mixture into the glass. Serve with lime wedge over additional ice cubes, if desired. NON-ALCOHOLIC MARGARITAS MAKES 4

½ cup fresh-squeezed lime juice ½ cup fresh-squeezed lemon juice (or orange juice if preferred) ¼ cup agave nectar (or simple sugar) Club soda Lime wedges

In a small pitcher, mix lime juice, lemon juice and agave nectar. Divide among four glasses filled with ice and top off with club soda. Garnish with lime wedges.


Chili, as we have come to know and enjoy it, is an American dish with roots in San Antonio, Texas, and cannot be found in Mexico. The uniqueness of Texas chili is that it is made with chunks of beef (not ground), lots of dried, spicy peppers and does not contain beans or tomatoes. Texas chili will be a much thicker consistency than regular chili—more like a stew. 8 dried guajillo chilis, stems and seeds removed 1 dried arbole chili, stems and seeds removed 1 tablespoon cumin seeds 1 tablespoon whole coriander seeds 5 cups beef stock 4 chipotle peppers in adobo sauce, chopped 2 tablespoons olive oil, more if needed 4 pounds boneless chuck roast, excess fat removed, cut into 1½-inch cubes 2 onions, chopped

2 jalapenos, seeded and chopped 6 garlic cloves, finely chopped 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar 1 tablespoon dark brown sugar, packed 2 teaspoons smoked paprika 2 teaspoons oregano 1 teaspoon cinnamon ½ teaspoon cayenne Kosher salt 1 ½ ounces Mexican chocolate Cheddar cheese, for garnish Sliced jalapenos, for garnish (or sliced scallions)

In a cast-iron skillet over medium heat, toast the chilis, cumin and coriander seeds until fragrant, about 2 minutes. Add 2 cups beef stock and simmer for 10 minutes until chilis soften. Cool slightly and add to the bowl of a food processer. Add chipotle peppers and adobo sauce and blend until smooth. Set aside. In a Dutch oven over medium heat, add oil. Brown meat on all sides, working in batches. Remove from pot and keep warm. Add onions and jalapenos to pot and cook until soft. Add garlic and cook an additional minute. Pour in remaining stock and stir, scraping bits off bottom of pot. Add beef back to the pot along with the pureed dried chili mixture. Add vinegar, sugar, paprika, oregano, cinnamon, cayenne, salt and chocolate. Stir well and bring to a boil. Lower heat to a simmer. Cook for 2 to 2½ hours, stirring occasionally, until thickened. Serve garnished with cheese and jalapeno slices.








Fajitas originated in West Texas, where Mexican workers were ofttimes paid with meat as partial payment for their services. They subsequently marinated the meat, grilled it, and served it on tortillas.

Salsa asada is simply salsa in which the vegetables are first roasted. Roasting brings out and intensifies the natural flavor of the vegetables.

3 chicken breasts, boneless and skinless Fajita seasoning 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 yellow onion, sliced 3 bell peppers, cored, seeded and thinly sliced Juice of ½ lime Corn tortillas (or flour) Sour cream Salsa asada (see recipe right) Avocado slices

4 Roma tomatoes, halved 1 small white onion, halved 2 large garlic cloves, with husk 1 large jalapeno pepper, halved with stems and seeds removed* 1 teaspoon kosher salt Juice of one lime 1 chipotle pepper 2 teaspoons adobo sauce 1 handful fresh cilantro

Season chicken generously with fajita seasoning and press into the meat. In a cast-iron skillet or grill pan, heat oil over medium heat. Sear chicken until temperature reaches 165 degrees on an instant-read thermometer, about 5–7 minutes per side. Set aside and keep warm. In the same skillet, saute onion and peppers 4–5 minutes, stirring frequently. Slice chicken into thin strips and add back into the skillet with the vegetables. Squeeze lime juice over everything and stir together. Serve immediately with tortillas, sour cream, salsa and avocado slices.

Preheat oven broiler. On a large sheet pan lined with foil, arrange tomatoes, onion, garlic cloves and jalapeno, skin side up. Broil until skins are charred, 5–8 minutes. Remove and let cool slightly. Remove husk from garlic. Place in the bowl of a food processor and add salt, lime juice, chili, adobo sauce and cilantro. Pulse until desired consistency. Store in an airtight container in refrigerator for up to 1 week. *For a spicier salsa, do not remove seeds from jalapeno pepper.




SC   gardener

Dividing bearded irises

SEPTEMBER IN THE GARDEN n Houseplants that have vacationed outside this summer should be brought indoors before nighttime temperatures dip into the 50s. Before moving them, check their leaves carefully for bugs and (especially) insect eggs—both problems waiting to happen inside this winter.


n Tumblin’ autumn leaves are pretty, but they can sure make a big mess in your water garden. An easy way to keep them out of a small backyard pond is to cover the surface with hardware cloth and then use a leaf blower to swoosh fallen foliage off the barrier once or twice a week.



Early autumn is the prime time to divide herbaceous peonies such as this pretty Fairfield selection.

TIP OF THE MONTH Early fall is a good time to divide herbaceous (not tree) peonies. Wait until their leaves begin to die back and then carefully dig up the peony tubers. Wash the tubers and use a sharp knife to separate them. For faster maturing divisions, make sure each one cut out has at least four or five pink, bullet-shaped “eyes,” which are potential stems-to-be. Established peonies can put on strong flower shows for 10 years or more before declining in performance. Still, they resent being yanked out of the ground— usually displaying such displeasure by blooming sparsely, if at all, the year after transplanting.


workhorses or fabulous floozies in the summer landscape, bearded irises (Iris germanica) do, indeed, have the color­ful blooming spunk to light up a summer garden. However, after a few years of dependable displays, established bearded iris beds can begin to fizzle in the flower power department. What’s wrong? Too little fertilizer? Too dry? Too wet? Try too mature. As with all plants, happy, healthy bearded irises will grow and expand their root bases. This is desirable, of course, but can lead to overcrowding, which will hinder bloom production. The easiest solution is to simply divide bearded irises. Usually done about every four years, it gives you a chance to not only revive these beauties but also share some with gardening friends. And guess what? This month is a good time to do the deed, so roll up those sleeves and get to work! To begin, dig up the iris bed, which is easy because most of it will be close to the soil’s surface. Then, after carefully raising the rhizomes from their underworld lair, wash them and gently pull or, if necessary, cut apart, being careful not to wreck too many roots. Now, hold out your ring finger and compare it to each rhizome, looking for ones that are about as wide with leaf



Bearded irises like Blue Sapphire can be divided in September for better bloom shows in the future.

blades and roots attached. They have the most potential for strong bloom production. Slightly larger rhizomes will also work, but big ol’ chubby ones are usually past their prime when it comes to delivering impressive flower displays. Rhizomes that are discolored, full of holes or squishy should be discarded. Before replanting, snip the leaf blades back to about six inches long and also cut away any lingering flower stalks. Then, run off to find a sunny garden spot that has well-draining, heavily amended soil. Rhizomes should be planted about a foot apart horizontal to the soil’s surface and just barely below ground— going any deeper could ding future flower production. Set the ’zomes on small mounds of dirt and spread their roots downward into the soil. Since transplanted bearded irises will be working hard to become established this fall, help them along by watering occasionally if the rains don’t cooperate. Next growing season is a transition period, meaning their bloom shows will probably sputter, but be patient, and you will be rewarded with reinvigorated displays in the years to come. L.A. JACKSON is the former editor of Carolina Gardener magazine. Contact him at

Finally . . . a better mobility solution than Scooters or Power Chairs.

The Zoomer’s versatile design and 1-touch joystick operation brings mobility and independence to those who need it most.

Sturdy & Lightweight Frame

Joystick Control (adaptable left or right)

Comfortable Seating

If you have mobility issues, or know someone who does, then you’ve experienced the difficulties faced by millions of Americans. Simple tasks like getting from the bedroom to the kitchen can become a time-consuming and potentially dangerous ordeal. You may have tried to solve the problem with a power chair or a scooter but neither is ideal. Power chairs are bulky and look like a medical device. Scooters are either unstable or hard to maneuver. Now, there’s a better alternative . . . the Zoomer. My Zoomer is a delight to ride! It has increased my mobility in my apartment, my opportunities to enjoy the-out-of-doors, and enabled me to visit the homes of my children for longer periods of time. The various speeds of it match my need for safety, it is easy to turn, and I am most pleased with the freedom of movement it gives me. Sincerely, A. Macon, Williamsburg, VA After just one trip around your home in the Zoomer, you’ll marvel at how easy it is to navigate. It’s designed to maneuver in tight spaces like doorways, between furniture, and around corners. It can go over thresholds and works great on any kind of floor or carpet. It’s not bulky or cumbersome, so it can roll right up to a table or desk– there’s no need to transfer to a chair. Its sturdy yet lightweight Zoomer conveniently rolls beneath table or desk

Swivel Away Footrest

Powerful Battery/ Dual Motors

12” aluminum frame makes it durable and comfortable. Folds to 12” in seconds It’s dual motors power it at up to 3.7 miles per hour and its automatic electromagnetic brakes stop on a dime. The rechargeable battery powers it for up to 8 miles on a single charge. Plus, it’s exclusive foldable design enables you to transport it easily and even store it in a closet or under a bed when it’s not in use.

Why spend another day letting mobility issues hamper your lifestyle? Call now and find out how you can have your very own Zoomer.

Easy to use joystick control

Ready to get your own Zoomer? We’d love to talk to you.


Please mention code 115719 when ordering.

The Zoomer Chair is a personal electric vehicle and is not a medical device nor a wheelchair. Zoomer is not intended for medical purposes to provide mobility to persons restricted to a sitting position. It is not covered by Medicare nor Medicaid. © 2021 first STREET for Boomers and Beyond, Inc.


Call now toll free and order one today!

Calling Young Authors & Illustrators

4th & 5th Grade Students Write and illustrate a story for a chance to win!

Teachers, showcase your students’ knowledge of electricity in South Carolina by applying skills in creative writing, social studies and art.

Learn more and register online at by November 5, 2021.

Contest open to individual students and teams of up to four. Cash prizes awarded to winning student(s) and teacher. From - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Sponsored by South Carolina’s electric cooperatives




he dirt road leading into Botany Bay Plantation Wildlife Management Area has to be the most photographed road in all of South Carolina. It’s a tunnel of moss-bearded live oaks that, when the sun hits them, splotch eggshell patterns of shadow and light onto the ground. You can’t help but stop the car and snap the camera. But if you turn around and venture no further, you’d be missing out on something equally as spectacular and beautiful—more than 4,000 acres of wildlife management area open to the public for free. You can enjoy the views whether you come for bicycling, horseback riding, ­birdwatching,

Explore an ecological and historical gem in Edisto Island



beachcombing, car-touring, fishing or old-­fashioned nature strolling. “All wildlife management areas are here to manage wildlife. The human aspect is something we incorporate secondary to the way we manage the property,” says Daniel Barrineau, the S.C. Department of Natural Resources biologist in charge of managing Botany Bay. “First and foremost, we have to keep it in the natural state and let the public come and enjoy it for what it is.” Although all tours of Botany Bay are self-guided— a terrific socially distanced activity in which you sign in at the kiosk and drive around with a yellow parking pass—Barrineau and Bess Kellett, volunteer coordinator of the property, have agreed to meet me one morning to show me around. Our first stop is a building known as “the icehouse,” one of the only COOL START The icehouse two surviving buildings from when the property was serves as a gateway into the divided between two cotton plantations named Bleak property’s history and ecology. Hall and Sea Cloud. Like almost everything at Botany Bay, the icehouse serves as a kind of gateway into the property’s rich blend of history and ecology. The foundation is tabby—a mixture of limestone shells, water and sand (“the concrete of the day,” Kellett calls it)—and was designed to keep cool the giant chunks of ice that were brought down from New England. “If you had ice back then,” Barrineau says, “you were somebody.” And these somebodies, the Townsend family that owned the plantations, reputedly grew, using slave labor, the finest cotton fibers in the world—a premier long staple Sea Island cotton that was revered by inspectors. However, it wasn’t until one Dr. James Greenway purchased the property in the 1930s that the name changed to what it is today. According to Kellett, Greenway had been to the famous Botany Bay near Sydney, Australia, and he decided that Bleak Hall as a name was, well, too bleak. The alliterative and pleasant-sounding Botany Bay is a much more suitable designation for a place with such a diverse mix of habitats: maritime forest, pine-oak forest, barrier islands, salt marsh and beach, and such

“ First and foremost, we have to keep it in the natural state and let the public come and enjoy it for what it is.” —DANIEL BARRINEAU, SCDNR BIOLOGIST (ABOVE)



a diverse mix of animal species: songbirds, shorebirds, raptors, doves, bobcats, deer, coyotes, quail, turkeys, rabbits and recently introduced fox squirrels. After the icehouse, we drive to Jason’s Lake, stopping atop a human-made dam. In the 1960s, Dr. Greenway sold Botany Bay to hotel magnate John Meyer, a recreational sportsman who willed the property to the state upon his and his wife’s deaths. “To think,” Kellett says, “this could have been Hilton Head or a golf course or something.” “That’s the neat thing about the A.C.E. Basin,” Barrineau adds, referring to the 350,000 acres of estuary created from the Ashepoo, Combahee and Edisto rivers, of which Botany Bay is a part. “The fact there is so much protected property, we have this here, instead of golf courses and hotels.” These days, Jason’s Lake is open for adult-youth catch-and-release fishing on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. There’s plenty of fish to be caught—redfish, ­flounder, drum, trout and croakers—and you can launch a nonmotorized boat, like a canoe or kayak, as long as you don’t bring it on a trailer. Our final stop of the day is the property’s most famous location, the major reason why over 70,000 visitors a year come to Botany Bay—the beach. To get there, you SCLIVING.COOP   | SEPTEMBER 2021   |   SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


VIEW FROM ABOVE Charleston residents Ellison Thomas, left, and Olivia Bueno take a break in a massive live oak.

GIMME SHELL-TER Bess Kellett, volunteer coordinator for Botany Bay, shows how oyster shells were used in building the icehouse.

“ It’s nice to know it’s being preserved—that no condos are going to be built on it, that the wildlife has a home, and that we can make a difference. Everybody that goes out there gets more out of it than they give.” —BUD SKIDMORE, BOTANY BAY VOLUNTEER

have to walk a half-mile along a boardwalk through the marsh and pass through two hummock islands, but then you arrive at what has been described as a “beachcomber’s paradise.” Although you cannot collect shells or driftwood, this boneyard beach (called so because of wind- and tide-worn “bones” of fallen trees) is captivating. “It’s beautiful,” says Denese Brunson, a Berkeley Electric Cooperative member from Goose Creek who is visiting Botany Bay for the first time with her husband, Stephen. They like to take daytrips to various South Carolina landmarks, and they both agree on one thing: “It’s one of the most exciting places in the state.” Kellett and Barrineau love to hear such praise. Together with around 90 volunteers affectionately known as “grunts,” the Botany Bay staff spend every Tuesday (when Botany Bay is closed to the public) working on repairs and upkeep. They might repair bird boxes, clean up trash, fix roads, build new kiosks and tag butterflies. GET THERE “I’ve been volunteering out there since the day they opened Follow SC-174 to Botany Bay Road in Edisto Island. it,” says Bud Skidmore, a longtime volunteer and native ADMISSION: Free. The area is open for general Edistonian. “It’s a very important part of this island, and it’s nice public visitation during daylight hours (a half-hour to know it’s being preserved—that no condos are going to be before sunrise to a half-hour after sunset). The area built on it, that the wildlife has a home, and that we can make is closed on Tuesdays and for scheduled special a difference. Everybody that goes out there gets more out of it hunts. than they give.” THE RULES: All visitors are required to obtain a dayuse pass at the kiosk located at the main gate off of Finally, Kellett walks me out to something the untrained eye Botany Bay Road. Fig Island is closed to all public might miss. It’s a shell mound ring estimated to be 4,300 years access. Jason’s Lake is open for adult-youth catchold. Kellett tells me that an archaic people, here before even and-release fishing Friday through Sunday. bows and arrows, had a true commerce area on this beach. To protect the natural integrity of Botany Bay: They ate and drank here, and for reasons not fully known, they • No horses or dogs are allowed on the beach. made precise ceremonial rings out of their oyster shells. • No alcohol is allowed inside the wildlife It is immensely profound to see something that has survived management area. • No metal detectors are allowed. for more than four millennia, and you can’t help but think of all • No drones are allowed. the time that has passed—the people, the animals, the weather • No shells, artifacts, driftwood or items can be that have shaped, and been shaped by, this landscape. removed from the property grounds, including the “You can get hung up on the word ‘preserve,’” Barrineau beach. says. “But, obviously, we’re not trying to preserve exactly what’s DETAILS: For more information, contact here. It’s an ever-changing environment. Aesthetics are a big (843) 869-2713 or visit thing, but making sure the habitat is here is what’s critical.” 24



WILLKOMMEN ZUM The 42nd Annual


Oktoberfest at Sertoma Field on Hwy. 183

October 15-17, 2021


272 Tulip Drive • Walhalla, SC 29691 *Funding provided in part from Oconee County Accommodations Tax.


farm adventure AT


South Carolina

AG RITOU RISM PA S SP O RT Pick up your passport to SC Farm Fun! View the list of participating farms at




Come be a part of the excitement

Wednesday through Sunday 8 am last car in park at 6 pm

219 Salem Ln, Salley, South Carolina. Beautiful Aiken County Where more than imaginations run wild!


Pawleys Island | Murrells Inlet | Litchfield Beach Garden City | Georgetown | Andrews



little things, big moments

toes. 20,451 views il tides on tiny Mama Tranqu t imprint. ve the bigges Flip_Floppin_ things that lea all c sm sts the It's ockcoa ories #hamm #familymem comments View all 245 2 DAYS AGO

Discover simple pleasures at

Langley Pond Reopening

SC-Living_HC-third-h.indd 1

8/11/21 2:12 PM

November 2021

Enjoy All New Park Amenities! Inclusive Playground • Expanded Beach and Swim Area • Misting Station • Walking Track • Hammock Park

Aiken County Visitors Center 133 Laurens Street, NW, SC 29801 803.642.7557 26



Step back In Time

Come experience the cultural history, folklife and unique people that make Pickens County such a special place to visit. • October 15th-16th Ghost Stories, Storytelling Festival & Liar’s Competition • November 19th-20th Native American Celebration-Selugadu • December 18th Celtic Christmas & Market • February 19th, 2022 Deep Winter Blues • March 19th, 2022 Kid’s Fest!!! *Partially funded by ATAX dollars, South Carolina Arts Commission & South Arts SCLIVING.COOP   | SEPTEMBER 2021   |   SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



Fold over so “A” meets “B”





Fold over so “A” meets “B”


5 5 5 5 CHAPTER


She thought, who needs another meaningless gift

when a holiday at the coast wasn’t just a great deal, but it had a novelty that would never wear off?

Worth The Drive Think you know Hickory, North Carolina? Think again.


Hickory’s uniquely local vibe of craftsmanship and connectedness is what makes it a welcoming place for residents and visitors alike. In Hickory, the good life isn’t just about having a lot to do – it’s about how to experience it.

 Mas Amor Cantina

Convention Center & Visitors Bureau  Lowes Food City Park


Happy hours on rooftop bars and along the Ale Trail. Celebrated farm-to table dining. Historic tours and island beaches. With no two getaways alike, choose to stray off course. · 877-945-6386

 Riverbend Park


Turn our best-kept secrets into yours

Scan now to order your 2021 North Carolina Travel Guide, using your phone’s camera.


Turn our best-kept secrets into yours

SAVOR THE SEASONS in Upcountry South Carolina Every season is the best season to explore the many treasures in the Upcountry.

Perfectly Seasoned | 864-233-2690


To order your 2021 North Carolina Travel Guide, visit

Escape to the Appalachian Mountains of Northeast Georgia, doorway to the Smokies. Plenty of adventure; boating, hiking, waterfalls, golf, horseback riding and fishing … Great food, fantastic lodging, fairs and festivals, concerts, rhododendron gardens, wineries and relaxation.

Towns County Convention and Visitors Bureau

706.435.0664 •

30 Travel SOUTH CAROLINA |  SEPTEMBER 2021 | SCLIVING.COOP 8810-02 VNC Guide Ad Fall 2021_SCLIVING  Living r2.indd 1 7/12/21 4:53 PM 7/12/21

A week-long event with plenty of activities, the festival showcases locally harvested seafood and delicious Low Country cuisine while highlighting the rich history and culture of the area. It all culminates with a juried fine art show.

Oct 16-24, 2021



Follow the Oyster to FALL FAMILY FARM DAY Bring the Whole Family & Enjoy Live Music, Farm Fresh Concessions & Good Ole’ Farm Fun

Saturday, Oct. 2nd 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. • Hay Ride • Games & Pumpkin Patch • Working Saw & Grist Mills • Black Smith & Much More!

Admission: $5 per Person Children 2 & under: Free

377 Cantey Lane, Rembert, SC 29128 803.432.9537

October 15 16, 2021 Pack your bags for a weekend of Jazz in Dizzy Gillespie’s Hometown. A weekend of free concerts, outdoor markets, art competitions, and more! Bebop into Cheraw for a weekend to remember.

53rd Annual

Raylrode Daze Festivul Branchville, South Carolina September 23-25, 2021 Thur, Sept 23: Karaoke Fri, Sept 24: Magic by John Tudor, 5 pm Music by Vinyl Daze, 7 pm Sat, Sept 25: Parade, 11 am Costume Contest, 3 pm Music by Mattie Raines, 7 pm

• Arts & Crafts • Can Can Girls • Western Gun Fights • Entertainment • Food Including Fiske Fries and Eric’s BBQ

• DJ Ernie Haigler • Live Bands • Games all Weekend Long • Ride the Cal Smoak Special • Ride the Mechanical Bull

Find us on Facebook 888.537.0014




It’s your moment

tickets on sale now!

Ace Frehley

Save up to 50% off by buying in advance at or

blues traveler

Save up to $10 on admission and $13 on rides

lorrie morgan

tango argentina

August 2021 26 // 29 //

Ricky skaggs & the kentucky thunder The tams

October 13-24

September 2021 02 // 03 // 05 // 10 // 18 // 19 // 26 // 26-30 // 28 // 30 //

Steve Earle & the Dukes Dailey & Vincent Gene Watson Boney James The Diamonds john wagner & friends Raleigh ringers concert truck blues traveler mike farris & the fortunate few

october 2021 01 // 03 // 08 //

09 // 14 // 17 // 19 // 22 // 24 // 26 // 29 // 30 //

Concert Truck Mutts gone nuts! A Brother’s revival: An Allman Brothers Tribute Dan Tyminski Mother’s finest Ernie haase + the signature sound The Brazilian all stars jake hoot The lincoln trio cross that river with allan harris ace frehley a silent film halloween,


Make memories this Fall at Edisto.

Peacherine Ragtime Society Orchestra

November 2021 02 // 04 // 05 // 06 // 11 // 17 // 18 // 19 // 21 // 30 //

steve tyrell robert earl keen etta may & the southern fried chicks sheena easton & tiffany the harlem 100 chris thile keb’ mo’ spanish brass john hiatt & the jerry douglas band buddy: the buddy holly story







PALMETTO STATE    marketplace

Experience and Quality that Make all the Difference

To advertise, visit or email

Arco Steel Buildings 1-800-241-8339

Specializing in Metal and Shingle Roofs • Repairs • Replacement • Roofing Insurance Claims • Competitively Priced • Satisfaction Guaranteed

BBB A+ rating for 40 years!

Mention this ad for 10% OFF

Highest Quality Low Prices!

Call us today for Your Free Inspection and Estimate Serving Upstate, SC – Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson, Laurens, Greenwood, Pickens and Oconee Counties


40 x 60 x 10 • 50 x 75 x 12 60 x 100 x 12 • 100 x 150 x 20 20 x 100 x 8’6” Mini Storage

All sizes available!




Arco Building Systems

(Buildings not as shown above) (FOB plant-local codes may affect prices)

Call for specials!

EASTERN Simpsonville, SC • 864.554.9992


STORAGE BUILDINGS HAY BARNS HORSE BARNS GARAGES *Custom building shown. Call for pricing.

Hurricane Upgrade E of I-95 • Fully Insured • #1 Metal • Custom Sizes 4/12 roof pitch • Engineered trusses • Local codes/freight may affect prices

1-888-427-BARN (2276)

Our cost‑effective package ad rates will work for you. Contact Mary Watts today to learn more.  (803) 739‑5074  •

YES! Send 1 year (11 issues) for just $8

September is National Honey Month. How sweet it would be to send someone special a subscription! 34

YES! Send 2 years (22 issues) for just $15











NOTE: Co-op members should already receive this magazine as a membership benefit.

Please make check payable to South Carolina Living and mail to P.O. Box 896568, Charlotte, NC 28289-6568. (Please allow 4–8 weeks.) Call (803) 926‑3175 for more information. Sorry, credit card orders not accepted.




PASSION. COURAGE. LIBERTY. Discover how South Carolina’s quest for independence turned the tide of the American Revolution. With the first permanent exhibit of its kind, the Revolutionary War Visitor Center at Camden tells the powerful story of the Southern Campaign and the valiant patriots with their hearts set on liberty.

Now Open

Our Specialty is our Year Round Blue Crab

Local family owned seafood market serving Goose Creek, SC and surrounding areas with FRESH and frozen seafood. Check our Facebook page for our daily specials and come check out our great selection, low prices and friendly staff.

129 Saint James Ave., Unit F, Goose Creek, SC 29445

WIN A $100 GIFT CARD By entering, you may receive messages from these great sponsors, and you agree to join the South Carolina Living email list.

j Aiken County Visitors Center j Alpharetta, Ga. CVB j Alpine Helen/White County CVB j Branchville Raylrode Daze Festivul j Brookgreen Gardens j Cheraw Visitors Bureau j City of Camden Tourism j Crystal Coast, N.C. j Culture & Heritage Museums j Edisto Chamber of Commerce j Eudora Farms j Fort Mill History Museum j Hagood Mill Historic Site j Hammock Coast S.C. Tourism j Hickory Metro CVB j Historic Bluffton Arts & Seafood Festival j Lowcountry & Resort Islands Tourism Commission j Old McCaskill’s Farm j Olde English District j S.C. Dept. of Agriculture – Agritourism j S.C. State Fair j Towns County, Ga. CVB j Discover Upcountry Carolina Association j VISIT NC j Walhalla Chamber Oktober Festival j Wilmington River District & Island Beaches, N.C. j South Carolina Living magazine

Fall is in the air Sign up today for our September Reader Reply Travel Sweepstakes and your chance to win a $100 Visa gift card. To register, use the mail-in form or visit We’ll draw the name of one lucky winner from all the entries received by Sept. 30, 2021.

READER REPLY TRAVEL SWEEPSTAKES Register below, or online at YES! Enter me in the drawing for a $100 gift card. Name Address City State/ZIP Email* Phone* My electric cooperative is: SEND COUPON TO: South Carolina Living, RRTS, 808 Knox Abbott Drive,

Cayce, SC 29033 or Entries must be received by Sept. 30, 2021, to be eligible. *Winner will be contacted to verify mailing address.

Register online at




SC   calendar SEPT 15–OCT 31

Upstate SE P T E M BE R

16–19  Euphoria, downtown,

Greenville. (864) 617‑0231 or 18  Radiant, Twichell Auditorium at Converse College, Spartanburg. (864) 948‑9020 or 19–Oct. 31  Disciples Pumpkin Patch, Disciples United Methodist Church, Greenville. (864) 297‑0382 or 21–25  South Carolina Foothills Heritage Fair, The FARM Center, Seneca. (864) 723‑0698 or 25  Harvest Day Festival, downtown, Inman. (864) 472‑3654. 26  Return to the Green, Fluor Field, Greenville. (864) 525‑8319. 30–Oct. 2  Albino Skunk Music Festival, Skunk Farm, Greer. O C TO B E R

1  Cheeky, Chapman Cultural Center, Spartanburg. (864) 948‑9020 or 1–2  Greer Arts & Eats Festival, downtown and Greer City Park, Greer. (864) 877‑3131 or 2  Ridge Runner Corvettes Car Show, Trailblazer Park, Travelers Rest. (309) 721‑1319 or 2  Lake Jocassee Paddle Splash, Devils Fork State Park, Salem. 2  Spartanburg International Festival & Avenue of Nations, Barnet Park, Spartanburg. (864) 596‑2000. 5–10  Orangeburg County Fair, Orangeburg Fairgrounds, Orangeburg. (803) 534‑0358 or 7–10  Fall for Greenville, downtown, Greenville. (864) 235‑5525. 9  Spartanburg Soaring!, Chapman Cultural Center, Spartanburg. (864) 278‑9678 or 10  Amazing Road Rally, secret race/scavenger hunt course, Spartanburg. (864) 562‑2278 or 11–17  Piedmont Interstate Fair, Piedmont Interstate Fairgrounds, Spartanburg. (864) 582‑7042 or 16  Central Railroad Festival, downtown, Central. (864) 654‑1200 or

36 Our mobile-friendly site lists even more festivals, shows and events. You’ll also find instructions on submitting your event. Please confirm information with the hosting event before attending. 16  Sam Bush Band, Twichell Auditorium at Converse College, Spartanburg. (864) 948‑9020 or 16  Train Day at the Depot, Hub City Railroad Museum, Spartanburg. (864) 430‑6585 or 23  Dancing with the Carolina Stars, Greenville Convention Center, Greenville. (864) 467‑3660 or 23  Disciples Fall Bazaar, Disciples United Methodist Church, Greenville. (864) 297‑0382 or 30–31  Magical, Twichell Auditorium at Converse College, Spartanburg. (864) 948‑9020 or O NG O ING

Wednesdays through Sept. 29

Greenville Heritage Sound Check Concert Series, Peace Center Amphitheatre, Greenville. Third Thursdays  ArtWalk, downtown cultural district, Spartanburg. (864) 542‑2787.

Midlands S E PTE MB E R

16  Medicinal Plant: Blackberry,

Battle of Rivers Bridge State Historic Site, Ehrhardt. (803) 267‑3675 or 17–18  St. Anne International Festival, St. Anne Catholic Church, Rock Hill. (803) 792‑1442. 18  Jubilee: Festival of Black History and Culture, Mann-Simons Site, Columbia. (803) 252‑1770, ext. 36. 18  Williston Crafts & Vendor Event, Town Park Baseball Field, Williston. (803) 300‑0404. 23–25  Raylrode Daze Festivul, downtown, Branchville. (803) 829‑3754 or 24  Rock 4 Recovery with Edwin McCain, Icehouse Amphitheater, Lexington. 25  Holistic Wellness Fair, H.O. Weeks Center, Aiken. 25  Take a Child Outside, Museum of York County, Rock Hill. (803) 329‑2121.

25–26  Columbia 2021 Stamp and Postcard Show, Spring Valley High School, Columbia. 26  Coffee & Cake, Battle of Rivers Bridge State Historic Site, Ehrhardt. (803) 267‑3675 or OCTOBER

Second Saturdays  The

Edgefield Market, Oakley Park Museum and other venues, Edgefield. (870) 703‑0778 or

Lowcountry SEPTEMBER

14–18  Hilton Head Island Wine & Food Festival, various venues, Festival, downtown, Winnsboro. Hilton Head. (843) 301‑9256 or (803) 635‑4242 or susanyenner@ 16–26  Society of Stranders Fall 2  eSTEAM Sumter, Main Migration, Ocean Drive Beach and Street, Sumter. (803) 418‑0709 or Golf Resort, North Myrtle Beach. (803) 984‑4144. 2  Newberry Oktoberfest, 18  Aynor Harvest Hoe‑Down downtown, Newberry. (803) 321‑1015. Festival, Aynor Town Park, Aynor. (843) 358‑1074 or 2  Piedmont Pottery & Pickin’, Historic Brattonsville, McConnells. (803) 684‑2327. 18  Beach Sweep, Myrtle Beach State Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238‑0874. 2–3  Indian Land Fall Festival, McClancy Corporate 18  Crowfieldfest, Middleton Park, Headquarters, Indian Land. Goose Creek. (843) 573‑4758, ext. 101, or 6–9  United States Disc Golf 18  Jazz on Broadway starring Championship, Winthrop Coliseum, Manny Houston, Charleston Music Rock Hill. ​​(803) 366‑5028. Hall, Charleston. (843) 641‑0011 or 9  Fall Festival: Taste of the South, Philadelphia United Methodist Church, 18  Lowcountry Splash, Patriots Fort Mill. (803) 548‑0102. Point Naval & Maritime Museum, 9  Summerton Duckfest, downtown, Mount Pleasant. (843) 642‑9232. Summerton. (803) 410‑1067 or 24–26  Atalaya Arts and Crafts Festival, Huntington Beach State Park, Murrells Inlet. (803) 734‑0767. 11–17  Arkhaios Film Festival, virtual event, based in Columbia. 25  Cooper River Bridge Run, Arthur Ravenel Jr. Bridge, Charleston. (843) 856‑1949 or 13–24  South Carolina State Fair, State Fairgrounds, Columbia. (803) 799‑3387 or 25  Irish Italian International Festival, Main Street, North Myrtle Beach. (843) 280‑5570 or 16  Harvest on the Homestead, Historic Brattonsville, McConnells. (803) 684‑2327. 26  Summerville Italian Feast, 23  A Second Chance Animal Shelter Hutchinson Square, Summerville. Charity Golf Classic, The Players Course at Wyboo Golf Club, Manning. (803) 460‑0878 or OCTOBER 1–2  Gopher Hill Festival, 23  2021 Walk for Life and downtown, Ridgeland. Famously Hot Pink Half (843) 258‑4008. Marathon and 5K, Segra Park, 2  Goose Creek Fall Festival, Columbia. (803) 434‑2898 or Marguerite H. Brown Municipal Center, Goose Creek. (843) 569‑4242 or ONGOING Saturdays until Oct. 2  Fairfield 2  Isle of Palms Connector Run and Farmers and Artisans Market, Walk for the Child, intersection of J.C. downtown, Winnsboro. (803) 369‑1078 Long Boulevard and Palm Boulevard, or fairfieldfarmersandartisansmkt@ Isle of Palms. (843) 886‑8294 or 1–2  Rock Around the Clock


2  Virtual Performance: Jazz on Broadway starring Manny Houston, virtual event, based in Charleston. (843) 641‑0011 or 2  Wild Side, Kaminski House, Georgetown. (843) 527‑0078 or 7–9, 13–16, 21–23  Pawleys Island Festival of Music and Art, The Reserve Golf Club, Pawleys Island. (843) 626‑8911 or 8–10  Charleston Greek Festival, The Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity, Charleston. (843) 577‑2063 or 8–10  Flowertown Festival, downtown, Summerville. (843) 871‑9622 ext.102, or 9  Charleston Beer Fest, Riverfront Park, North Charleston. 9  Kingstree Pig Pickin’ Festival, downtown, Kingstree. (843) 372‑8846. 9  Panting for Paws 5K, Fitness World Gym, Darlington. (843) 598‑1532 or 9–10  Little River ShrimpFest, Historic Little River Waterfront, Little River. (843) 249‑6604 or 16  The Art of Indigo Dyeing Fall Session, Morris Center for Lowcountry Heritage, Ridgeland. (843) 284‑9227 or 16  Loris Bog-Off Festival, downtown, Loris. (843) 756‑6030 or 23  Groovin’ High: A Tribute to Dizzy Gillespie, featuring Jon Faddis, Charleston Music Hall, Charleston. (843) 641‑0011 or ONGOING

Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays through Nov. 30  St. Phillips Island

Excursion, Pier Nature Center at Hunting Island State Park, Hunting Island. (843) 838‑2011. Wednesdays  Arts & Crafts Market, Bay Creek Park, Edisto Island. (843) 869‑3867. Wednesdays, Oct. 13–Nov. 3

Master Garden Series, various locations, Charleston. (843) 405‑1050. Thursdays, Oct. 7–Nov. 4  Master Architecture Series, multiple historic homes, Charleston. (843) 405‑1050. First Thursdays through December  First Thursdays Gullah

Spirituals (part of the Festival of Houses and Gardens Live Like a Local event series), Unitarian Church, Charleston. (843) 722‑3405 or (843) 723‑1623.

Fridays and Saturdays, Oct. 8– Nov. 6  Piazzas and Gardens

Tours, Old Historic District, Charleston. (843) 405‑1050.


SC   humor me

Refrigerator buyers, start your engines BY JAN A. IGOE

You’ve probably noticed that everyone north of Virginia is moving here, so home prices are skyrocketing. I want to be ready just in case some homeless New Yorker comes knocking. A realtor friend suggested (strongly) that my “vintage” kitchen needs sprucing up. If it weren’t for the coffeepot, I wouldn’t need a kitchen, but buyers are fussy. They aren’t olive green, but my appliances aren’t gracing the cover of House Beautiful, either. The small, stingy fridge was manufactured in ancient times when they were expected to outlive elephants. No ice maker. No filtered water. Basically, it’s a chilly box with a vegetable drawer. Today’s home buyers expect 36-inch monsters with lots of fancy doors, preferably French. It was summer sale time, so I went hunting. My old box barely qualifies as a fridge these days. When these new refrigerator doors swing open, it’s like opening night on Broadway and your potato salad is the star of the show. Once you experience that thrill, you’ll never be able to store pickles in a no-frills rectangle again. Of course, every fridge in my price range was out of stock. I was ready to quit when I spotted a lonely Whirlpool on sale at half-price with every tantalizing feature imaginable. It was gorgeous but marred by a microscopic dent. No one who keeps 37 magnets on her fridge is going to let that stop her. It was love at first sight, so I raced to the sales associate to claim it. Her: “You’ll have to get it off the floor immediately.” Me: “I’d like it delivered.” 38

When these new refrigerator doors swing open, it’s like opening night on Broadway and your potato salad is the star of the show. Her: “We don’t deliver damaged goods. Cash and carry, only. Bring your truck.” Me: “Well, let me pay for it …” Her: “No payment until your truck is parked outside, ready to go. Store policy.” Me: “Dumb store policy.” I offered to strap it on my back and drag it home, but they wanted a truck at the front entrance before cash changed hands. Something seemed off, so I checked with another associate and two different managers, begging them to take my money, my firstborn, and maybe a dog, but no. “It’s store policy.”


Tropical Storm Elsa was hitting the beach about the same time I went searching for movers. It probably took me 30 calls to find one. Truck drivers are reluctant to deliver refrigerators when roads are flooding, but one finally took pity on me. We hurried back to the store to bring my fridge home, but the price tag was gone. A “Sold” sticker had taken its place. I was devastated. And upset. My inner volcano erupted, spewing molten lava in every direction. People were fleeing like I was Sissy Spacek destroying the prom in Carrie. Whether you live in the Pee Dee or upstate, you probably heard me. “Let’s see the truck that’s moving that fridge,” I yelled. The associate seemed bewildered. “What truck?” she asked. “We deliver.” None of the reasons they refused to do that for me made any sense, so I treated several managers to Hurricane Jan. My mover even chimed in. I made a lot of noise that I’m not proud of. Justified, yes. Proud, no. Back at home, sipping coffee in my vintage kitchen and watching the “other” storm, I couldn’t look my old, reliable fridge in the icebox. It couldn’t possibly know that I’d strayed, but I swear it seemed colder. JAN A. IGOE advises anyone shopping for major appliances to bring a truck and a couple of powerlifters along in case you find a good deal. Theoretically, you could also whack the one you like with a hammer. (Just kidding.) Join us at any time.

For more info visit

Follow Us: @historicbrattonsville @museumofyorkcounty

Issuu converts static files into: digital portfolios, online yearbooks, online catalogs, digital photo albums and more. Sign up and create your flipbook.