Page 1



19, 1985;


8, No.


by George Elliott Clarke On the charge of “failing to leave when asked”, 1ntc grated Studies student Ahab Abdel-Aziz was arrested and forcibly removed from the psychology building on Wednesday, April 10. The justification given for arrest is that Mr. Aziz was not registered as a student but was using the resources of the program. Mr. Abdel-Aziz, along with others, has been an outspoken critic of the transfer of power from the IS Operations Council, whose membership includes all students, staff and faculty, to the administration appointed program coordinator. This is the second time in the past two months that police action has been taken against an IS member. Drew MacGillivray was banned from campus for a year in February. Both students were arrested at the request of IS coordinator Joe Sheridan, with the approval of UW vice president academic, Tom Brzustowski. Mr. Abdel-Aziz disputed the coordinator’s authority to order his removal, citing the UW Calendar which states that Operations Council “decides on all matters affecting the Program’s operation, excepting the BIS degree.” Mr. Abdel-Aziz told the officers, “you’d better figure out what authority you’re acting on because if . . . I’m removed from here illegally, I’m going to press charges.” The officers then expressed doubt regarding their orders, and withdrew to phone their supervisor, J.O. Sehl. Mr. Abdel Ariz phoned his lawyer who advised him he had a right to be on the premises and that he should not 1eav.ewillingly, and that if he was forcibly removed he could press charges. Mr. Abdel-Aziz warned the officers that if he was arrested, it would be false arrest; if incarcerated, false imprisonment; if physically removed, assault. Officer J. Kaufman then said, “Oh, we’re going to have to place 1.0~ under arrest”. Mr. Abdel-Aziz asked, “On what charge‘?” Mr. Kaufman replied, “we’ll have to think about t cat.” The two Security officers called for reinforcements and Federation President Sonny Flanagan arrived. He had been called earlier by Mr. A bdel-Aziz. When Mr. Abdel Aziz was taken to Security he had some trouble getting permission to call his lawyer, and when he did call, the lawyer advised him to call the Regional Police and charge Sec:urity with assault. When he called the Regionals he was told by a dispatcher, Security officers are “police officers; they’re just like US. Why don’t you talk to their supervisor?” Mr. Abdel-Aziz responded, “Their supervisor is the one who told them to assault me.”





of Waterloo,

Regional officer Monte Lovegrove arrived at the Security office but declined to charge the arresting officers with assault due to uncertainty about Mr. Abdel-Aziz’s student status. “If you are a student,” he said, “your removal is illegal and actionable, if you are not, Security is within its legal rights.” Security fined Mr. Abdel-Aziz for trespassing, gave him a notice barring him from entering the PAS building indefinitely, and then released him. He met with his lawyer the next day and was advised to pursue legal action. Although Mr. Aziz is a degree candidate, and has attempted to pre-register for his final term, he was not registered at the time of his arrest. In the opinion of Federation President Sonny Flanagan, “he is a student . . . and it is the Federation’s responsibility to stand up for a student.” Mr. Flanagan noted later that the issue of who is and who is not a student should eventually be “defined in a student bill of rights.” Mr. Abdel Aziz said that Mr. Sheridan’s ’ action against him is politically motivated banned me from the PAS because “they building, from one building, . . . the building that has IS in it. . . . that’s ridiculous!” He said that there was “no bloody mention of charges or anything. These are people who are just removing me.” “I don’t think I’m being persecuted by the administration. . . . 1 think they have taken their personal views . . . . about myself and some other people around, and they,‘ve turned that into the law. It’s not that we have . . . an administration that has laws that don’t work. The laws are out there, they’re just not being observed.” Drew MacGillivray, (banned from campu:. in February) considers Mr. Abdel-Aziz‘s arrest to confirm the political basis of his own removal. He said “I think it has become clear that Dr. Brzustowski continues to see fit to use educational funds to carry out his personal witch-hunts in the courts.” IS student Jim Kafieh, who believes he is also on the IS “hit list”, said, “the formulation of such a list is beneath the dignity of the office of the vice president, academic. If students have violated the laws of the university, then there is amnle legal action the university can take to deal appropriately with the individuals. The fact that the vice president must engage in conspiracies to eliminate students from the university by other than due process is testimony to the political nature of the witch-hunt.” But condemnation of the administration is not universal. Environmental Studies Professor Greg Michelenko, who is preparing a submission

Scarce resources, bitter The difficulties in IS since Oct. 9 have created div/isions within IS, between IS and the administration, but also reflect divisions within the administration itself.





In explaining the problems affecting IS, UW president Douglas Wright cited scarce resources as a major factor. He complained that U W’s student-teacher ratio, 23: 1, is the worst in Canada, and that Ontario provides less support for universities than any province in Canada. He said that the computer department and the cooperative programs are very expensive, and that money lor these is “taken right off the top of the budget. This leaves less money to support instruction,” he said. Integrated Studies has been over-funded in the past, he said, and a recent analysis showed that IS was getting more than its share when indirect as well as direct resources were evaluated. IS is directly funded to the tune of $220,000 per annum currently, which will be cut to $169,000 in the next academic year, according to vice-president Tom Brzustowski. “The program and the issues are in many respects like the 60’s. Its unstructured and informal nature are not appropriate to the 80’s in the view of Senate” said president Wright. In an interview with Imprint last fall, Dr. Wright said that IS was a “vestige of the past”. He felt that Senate would have discontinued the program in its February meeting if a straw vote had been taken, but that Senate decided on a review committee at that time instead. Dr. Wright indicated that changes to the program will wait until the Review Committee’s Report is ready at the beginning of June. In contrast to Dr. Brzustowski’s praise for the academic quality of IS graduates, Dr. Wright felt that Senate, as the final judge of academic virtues, was not happy with the program, and Dr.



Arrested student Ahab Abdel-Aziz meets M*ith his supervisor; 1.S. Resource Person Maclean Jamieson (right) outside of’ the PsJqch building to the Senate Review Committee on IS, said th:dt barring students is justified when a few of rhem have “instituted a benign reign of terror” in IS. “1 can see perfectly well why the administration is doing what it is.” he said. Prof. Michelenko also said that Mr. Sheridan’s “seeking Father Brzustowski’s advice and bringing in the police” is due to his “inexperience”. He said that Mr. Sheridan has been sucked into a position of muscles,” to deal with a few students who “in the name of democracy have resorted to undemocratic actions. Why don’t they get rid of those fucking troublemakers?” he asked. David Sealy, an IS student, said that other were being members in the program


Brzustowski’s statements that the quality of degrees “has never been higher” would “not stop Senate from discontinuing the program.” He said that U W’s standards were becoming “very high”and that the university was being more selective. “As a result of the difficulties, we cannot afford to sustain it (IS).”


“ Nihilists

plan to attack


Dr. Brzustowski, who has been closely associated with IS since he became vice president academic in 1975, had high praise for the degree process and the graduates at IS. He was also worried about attacks on Bachelor of Independent Study (B. 1.S.) degrees after the fact. “I was told there is a faction called the Nihilist faction in IS who have said that they plan to take the program down with them if they don’t get their way.” They plan to do this, he said, by attacking the B.I.S. In order to defend against this threat, Dr. Brzustowski said that IS coordmator Joe Sheridan was spending a lot of time “assembling a summary of judgments by IS students’ degree supervisors.” “I’ve seen a lot of the letters of recommendation from IS students’ supervisors, and many are excellent,” he said, and he mentioned that a number of graduates have gotten into medical school and other graduate schools with the BIS.

IS: “acromonious


As for the internal administration of the program, the purview of Operations Council, which is made up mostly-of studen& the vice president had quite a different view. It is riven by factions and

ajier he Mtas banned building indejinitei?l. Imprint

b?q Secwritrt jionl

Photo by Doug



“confrontational” and advised moderation: “You’ve got to find some way to operate within Babylon, until you can opt out or cut out.” He also suggested that Mr. Abdel-Aziz’s actio.ns were an attempt at martyrdom. Ms. Terri Saunders, another IS member, referring to Mr. Sheridan’s conduct, contradicts Prof. Michelenko. “If Joe wasn’t so uptight, a lot of things could be avoided around here.” She said that he has been “uptight” for the past three weeks, ever since he was asked by students to keep regular office hours. When asked to comment on his directive to Security to arrest Mr. Abdel-Aziz, Mr. Sheridan said “no comment” and then shut his office door.


in Ii!!?

“acrimonious debates” he said. “There are the pro-feminists, and the anti-feminis:s. . . . Some people tell me this is a good thing, that it develops leatlt rship abilities.” Other students though, have come to him complaining that some people have been “disrupting their academic program”. Some of these are unregistered students, he said, and that while “if they are registered, they are entitled to use resources,” those who are not registered are not so entitled. Dr. Brzustowski said he had already taken action against two troublemakers, and that he had been requested to take actio:r against two others, but had been “too busy to do anything about them.” “Some people argue that control over these things should be left to Operations Council, but Operations Council has been unable to control things for a year and a half,” he said. Dr. Brzustowski’s comments about the budget reflected those of Dr. Wright. But Dr. Brzustowski was unaware that changes had been made by IS inresponse to an auditor’s report, and that the auditor himself had expressed satisfaction with those changes. He said he was still waiting for Council to respond to his request for tighter spending controls on Oct. 9.

bb ...

if the coordinator



As for the Coordinator he appointed in January, Joe Sheridan, he had nothing but praise. He described Mr. Sheridan’s commitment to the program as “total”, and said that the elimination of the seven part time Resource Person positions was a recommendation from the coordinator. He said that the coordinator had recommeded two full time Resource People and several Faculty members cross-appointed term by term to replace the seven part timers currently employed.


“May I suggest that in today’s group-therapy session a// work on our contact with reality”

bizarre happenings last week at integrated - The somewhat Studies - arrest, lock-out, alleged break-in and threats have attracted the notice of both local and national media (The K-W Record, The Globe and Mail, and CBC Radio). But these most recent events are only the culmination of a series of failures in communication and understanding. Because the many problems which have beset the IS program in the past six months were not properly addressed when they arose, they have now grown and become almost unmanageable. That the progam is being reviewed is not in itself unusual. This happens periodically in all programs, and in the case of IS, certain changes are probably warranted, and might include clarifying admissions criteria and increasing student accountability. However it is the manner in which such changes are being considered and implemented that angers IS students. Neither the university senate, nor the past two IS coordinators, properly consulted IS students in what is supposed to be a student-run program. What has resulted is a feeling of frustration among some students who believe that they are being excluded from the decision-making process. This lack of communication between administrators and students has led to feelings of distrust on both sides. An atmosphere of mutual hostility now prevails and very little can be positively accomplished under such conditions. Both sides are speculating on the intentions and motrves of the other. Some, see a small clique of students trying to control the program while others in the program believe that they are on a “hit list” to be removed from IS. This state of affairs helps explain the over-reactions of those involved in these disputes. The coordinator repeatedly calling up Security and having students removed every time a disagreement exists will not ameliorate the situation. Rather It makes things worse. As well, having students threaten legal action against the university for breach of contract will not be conducive to reopening channels of communication. This situation is doubly unfortunate as both Dr. Tom Brzustowski (vp academic) and IS students themselves would like to see the program prosper. The students wish tocontinue their self-directed studies without any interference from

outside the program. However, in order not to invite such interference, the students in the program must firstly put their own house in order. As serious divisions exist within the program, it is incumbent on IS students to resolve their own differences before trying to state their case credibly to the administration. Not only must dialogue be encouraged between the students and the administration, but it should also be improved within the program itself. Without cooperation the democratic process by which IS is supposed to govern itself will not work. Dr. Brzustowski has described himself as a supporter of the concept of self-directed university education. He has referred to IS as a “valuable alternative mode of university education.” As well, the recent Planning for the Fourth Decade report of the Senate Long Range Planning Committee chaired by Dr. Brzustowski, advocated the concept of an eclectic education which would encourage the integration of various fields of study. Such an education would combine independent research with course work. These principles are similar to those which IS was founded on. In light of this, it is essential for Dr. Brzustowski to satisfy people that no “hit list” exists and to meet IS students and clear the air if he wishes the program to be viable. Until now he hasdelegated most of the responsibility for the administration of the program to the coordinator and this quite obviously has proven disastrous. In conclusion, there appears to be no end to the controversy surrounding IS. Disillusionment with the recent turn of events is not restricted to those in the program. Many others on campus are growing tired of hearing about its problems. But these problems will not go away by ignoring them! It is time that some sort of mediation process be established whereby the acrimony of grievances, past and present, can be overcome. However difficult and painful this may be, it would be well worth the effort. The idea behind IS -a self-motivated, independent and interdisc iplinary education - is a good one and deserves to be saved. Binlet lllmji Rick l\igoI



Several IS members say the troubles began in January of 1984 when a clerk from the Registrar’s office, Gloria Smith, was hired to replace Bill Smyth who had been coordinator “She never really understood the program” say since 1972. many students and Resource People. The legal arguments are but the symptoms of a much deeper problem. It may well be accurately summarized as a round peg in a square hole. IS is an experimental, interdisciplinary and primarily non-technical program surrounded by a very conservative, cost conscious and industry conscious technical university. Sympathy and understanding for its unique way of doing things is pretty scarce among UW’s decision-makers. Because it’s different, it is hard to understand, and what is not understood is too easily despised. IS students tend to be an unusual lot. Many very brtght students have been attracted to the program by its promrse of freedom to pursue their studies without the frustrating restrictions of more conventional educational techniques. They tend to be enthusiastic and eager, and sornetlmes display




as much distain for the conventional in dress and behaviour as for the conventional in education. The conventionally minded Gloria Smith found that simply too much to take, saying “the inmates are running the asylum.” But many IS students showed as little sympathy for Gloria as she did for them. The result has been a catastrophic breakdown of cooperation and communication which appears to have hardened the administration’s approach to IS. Instead of cooperation, we now see an atmosphere of confrontation. Each side points to the shortcomings of the other, each side feels that it is dealing with people who are “unreasonable”. If Imprint has learned anything in its Investigation of this story, it’s that both sides are wrong about each other. We have heard numerous allegations of impropriety for which no evidence or confirmation can be found. It’s time to talk, it’s time to forgive, It’s time to cooperate. The alternative is an extraordinarily ugly mess which will benefit no one. D011g





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An emergency meeting of IS students on Saturday night,which the coordinator, Joe Sheridan refused to attend, agreed to ask the Federation of Students to commence legal action against the administration on behalf of the sutdnets in the program. The action #was intended to get the administration to negotiate. ?-he primary legal issue concerns a contract which lawyers saq exists between the university and its students. The calendar specifies the terms of that contract. The calendar statement in question reads in part: The sludents in conjunction with the Resource persons and st’aff, are responsible for the government of Integrated Studies through their participation in Operations Council. Council. . . meets . . . to decide on all matters affecting the program’s operations, with the exception of the B!S degree. Standing committees are concerned with such items as admissions of students, budget development, hiring of personnel, student project assistance, and year end reviews. Through Council, IS attempts to foster the students’ develop.ment by making a wide variety of resources accessible to them. This includes providing financial assistance for individual travel, conference and research expenses, allocating computer time. sponsoring seminars and conferences and hiring Resource Persons. From the %4-‘85 Calendar IS students cite the suspension of admissions, the hiring of a without Council approval, the refusal “Computer representative” of the administration to honour Resource Persons’ contracts, the denial of access to resources of the program to registered students, the removal of the control over budget development, hiring, space and many other aspects oft he program from Operations Council as breaches of contract on the part of the University of Waterloo. Several IS members say the troubles began in January of 1984 when a clerk from the Registrar’s office, Gloria Smith, was hired to replace Bill Smyth who had been coordinator since 1972. Maurice Constant, an adjunct professor in Engmeermg and part time IS Resource Person, said “It took me a year to understand how the program works.” He said he thought things were very confused and disorderly at first, and had a hard time finding his way around. “But then I found that it does work, and in fact works extremely well,” he said. Gloria Smith cited problems with the internal administration of the program which has been primarily in the hands of students since 1972. She cited lack of quorum at admissions meetings, and inconsistent attendance. She said some Year End Reviews (the annual evaluation process) were inadequate, and she couldn’t understand why the program funded a party at orientation time each term. Students responsed to her criticisms by pointing out that admissions meetings in the late summer when few students are on campus are traditionally hard to get quorum for, that the Year End

Review’s contents are entirely up to the student quite deliberately, and that the orientation parties are essential to help people get acquainted in a program where informal associations between individuals are educationally crucial. A mood of hope reigned in IS following Mrs. Smith’s resignation which turned to solid optin@m when it was announced that Joe Sheridan, who graduated frdm IS in 1979, was to be appointed coordinator. Vice president Brzustowski believed Gloria Smith’s explanation that the problems in IS were caused by “a few troublemakers”. When Mr. Sheridan came into the program, he had been given the same explanation, but according to IS Resource Person Scott Arnold, those cited as troublemakers “are among the best and brightest students in the program.” “The so-called trouble-makers or bad apples are just bright students who won’t be browbeaten,” Arnold said. “They are used to running the program, they know how to do it, a-cd when Gloria or Joe or anyone else suggests a policy they know to be ill-advised, they’ll say so.” When Joe Sheridan became coordinator in January, the program’s position in the university was already seriously damaged. Rumours abounded that physical threats had been made against the coordinator and the program’s secretary. Although vice president Brzustowski has consistently defended the program and stressed its academic excellence, the general lack of understanding of the program on campus “came out of the woodwork”, according to former coordinator Bill Smyth, and fed by Gloria’s complaints, and rumours of intimidation, generated a very hostile attitude, especially in Senate. On Dec. 17 Senate threw out the restatement of the admissions and Year End Rview procedures in IS that Dr. Brzustowski had asked for on Oct. 9. Although the Academic Board for IS, Dr. Brzustowski himself, and the Undergraduate Council of Senate had all approved them, some Senators were very dissatisfied and Dr. Brzustowski’s motion in Senate to adopt the new procedures he had approved was defeated 57-3. Joe Sheridan took the view that the program had to make some changes and concessions to appease the strong negative opinion tif the program in Senate. Others in the program argued that it was totally unclear what changes Senate wanted, that there was no point making changes in response to imagined charges, Key among those changes Mr. Sheridan has sought to implement is the elimination of the teaching staff hired by Operations Council and its replacement by faculty cross appointed from other UW departments. Dr. Brzustowski said Mr. Sheridan has recommended two full time Resource Persons with several other instructors to be cross appointed from existing U W faculty. While Sheridan has said that IS should consider this option “because it’s being talked about”, he has not admitted that it is his recommendation. Operations Council asked Dr. Brr.ustowski to renew the



19, 1985

Resource Person Maurice Constant and IS Fed rep Linda Tranrcl. “We’ve got to do something to get negotions started. ” contracts of the current Resource Persons. He declined to do so in a memo to Council, but did not specify what he was willing to do, although he has said he is willing to consider the appointment of two people for the Spring Term. Joe Sheridan came under uncreasing criticism from IS students for his generally uncommunicative management of the program. In response he has made numerous charges against IS students and has said that he fears for his life, according to the A’- W Record. Most of the frustration and anger in the program is caused by the refusal of the administration to talk with the students according to Professor C’onstant. Much of the discontent with Joe Sheridan which resulted in a motion repudiating him as a spokesperson in the general meeting f‘ollowing Friday’s locking of the program appears to stem from the same complaint of non-communication. “How can we cooperate with people who won’t even talk to us?” asked Linda I-ranter, IS rep on Federation of Students Council.

Flanaean undecided on action Although IS will be without Resource People at the end of April, Federation President Sonny Flanagan said Wednesday that legal action against the administration is “premature”. ?:he Federation has been asked by about two dozen IS students to launch legal action on their behalf to restore their program to what the university calendar promises it to be. The request emerged from a special general meeting of IS students held on Saturday evening, April 13, following the lockout of IS students. “If at all possible, we want this matter to stay internal. Dean Nadon (Federation of Students Ombudsman) has been asked to .nvestigate and report back to see if he can negotiate a settlement,” Fl’Ir. Flanagan said. His report is expected before classes begin on



sit down

and talk





Mr. Flanagan went on to say that lntegrated Studies is a very complex organization, and that he is still not comfortable with his grasp of the situation. He said it would be irresponsible to make a stand or take a position without looking closely at both sides. He said tl-at he and Gayle Laws, Federation vice-president, university afiairs, will be attending the next IS Council meeting. Mr. Flanagan said “because IS is ‘0 different, we are going to have to consult with those who know it best.” He said he wants to speak with as many registered students as possible on an individual basis the get a better understanding of the situation.

the vice president.”




to Operations Council since Sept.. 13, 1972. He said he was convinced that “the administration doesn’t want to take on the program, in fact the program has been well defended by the administration at all levls and all areas.” “Traditionally,” he said, “the university was willing to let the program work out its own problems. There was no battle. . . . The program has structures and procedures for handling problems. If they are violated the program won’t work.” Mr. Smyth cited the ‘“eminent reasonableness” present between students and staff when the program was restructured in the summer and fall of 1972. “I don’t see that kind of cooperative attitude now” he said. It is essential for the program to sit down and talk with the vice president he said. He’s not but rather the an enemy, greatest ally the program has. “The program must deal with the vice president, it has to deal with the vice president.” Commenting on the charges of vandalism and propert) damage by students. Mr. Smyth said that he had experienced a number of “pranks”. He would come into his office in the morning and find that furniture had been moved. He said these

were isolated incidents which he characterised as understood by all to be a “joke”, and after one happened, students would help him put things back in order again. -Mr. Smvth recalled that Council’s ddecisions a bout management of space and resources were reasonable. but sometimes flouted by a few individuals. “When we had problems we worked out reasonable resoulutions,” he said. He felt that the actions ofa very feu people \bho seemed to disregard Council and failed to follow its instructions caused most of the difficulties he experienced. “My primary concern was always whether or not students could do what they were there to do ~ carry on their studies and keep other things under control. . . , 1 don’t understand what happened . . . to bring about the current dlvlslon.”



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’ No need to fight admin. From the beginnings of Operation Council Government in 1972, until Gloria Smith was hired in January 1984, Bill Smyth was the coordinator of IS. He is remebered fondly in IS, and one frequently hears the “Bill would have comment: done it differently.” IS student Jim Kafieh recalls, “Bill was what you might call a benevolent monarch, he knew he had to maintain the confidence of Operations Council, and for the most part he did.” Imprint: Mr. Smyth told that “the role of coordmator has changed, other powers have been delegated to him, and I cannot really comment on the current situation.” He added that the present situation did sound like the ‘7 i-‘72, a year whose immense difficulties resulted in the creation of Operations Council in a successful effort to solve those problems. “In 1972,” he said, “we came to learn that we didn’t have to fight the university. and we learned that 1S problems have alwavs been internal prob.lems?’ He said that in 1972 the University was wise to separate the degree powers, assigned to the Academic Board since that time, from the internal administration. which was left

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The difficulties in IS since Oct. 9 have created div/isions within IS, between IS and the administration, but also reflect divisions within...