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University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario volume 14, number 20 friday, november 23, 1973

Frank Zappa, living legend of the zapped-out sixties and Mother of Susie Creamcheese, brought his new, jazzed-up Mothers to the people’s music palace and echo chamber Sunday night. The Zap seems to have left all the high-energy, snubbed-nose decadence and impudence back in the sixties, but he’s grown musically. The group’s tightly-knit jazz-rock met with a mixed response from a crowd already bummed out by a lousy warm-up act and the federation goon squad. Turn to page 18 for da reel dope. Photo by Thaddeus Holownia.

philosophy is not clear; certainly, however, they seemed to care little [

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liberd There’s only one Robert Nixonand that’s more than enough. The tall, florid Ontario Liberal leader made a flying visit to Kitchener last Wednesday as the distinguished guest of an enthusiastis Waterloo North Provincial Liberal Association, who provided in his honour a tendollar-a-plate dinner at the prestigious Walper Hotel. _ Among the dignitaries invited to the gala (festivity were Waterloo North MPP and funeral manager Ed Good, MPP for Kitchener, Brei thaupt , James Executive Director of the Ontario Liberal Party, David Collenette, and two intrepid - chevron reporters, who expected a meal and little else. Expectations were fulfilled. The proceedings began with a press reception in a tastefully appointed hotel room where Nixon faced a barrage of questions from five prominent media personalities, none of whom seemed as enthused

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f”~~~~r??~pproach vacillated between deriding the corruption of the Tories and expounding on an -\ elusive, almost intangible, but to his mind undeniable change of heart on the part of the people of Ontario towards his party. The Tory stronghold in Eastern Ontario is “seething with discontent” he told us. The Hydro about the vital issues and poin& of scandal and Darcy McKeough’s “liberal philosophy” as did the conflicts of interest are not interviewee. rumours, he said, but established As prominent liberals and hobfacts, and “it’s up to me to make nobbers with the social elite slid sure the people don’t forget gracefully about the adjoining that. . .You don’t win elections on sitting-room, liquor glasses that but it gets people’s attention.” __ clutched tightly, Nixon took his Meanwhile, Nixon says, the opportunity to discuss more than Liberal Party is beginning to one weighty matter. In response to acquire some rapport with the a question about the recent contest “working grits’“, although this for the liberal leadership for economic class was strangely example, he pronounced that “I conspicuous by its absence at the am the leader, and I won it fair and dinner. square. ” No allegations of trickery“The spirit of a reborn had been made. “I worked hard for provincial liberalism is here”, it and the party is rallying behind . and, although “our policy. . .is not me.” going to upset all the applecarts of This expression of confidence custom,” the Liberals in 1975 will was repeated often as the evening gain power, And stay in power, progressed, the main evidence “not for thirty years, not for a being the unprecedented number thousand years, but for long of people who turned out for the enough to put Ontario back on the banquet. Whether these people track of Liberal philosophy.” were there for Bob Nixon, or Nixon’s apparent idealism is whether they were there to express belied however, by his jaundiced their basic belief in liberal continued on page 3

spirit \

6th -Naismith basketball tournament opens tonight . ..page 12 The Rosenberg ‘Conspiracy’, a re-examination \ . . .-pages 14-15 Zappa, Streisand and Electra-Glide in Blue. . .pages 18-19 The Status of Women at UW, another advisory committee report page \28. 0

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friday,

2 the chevron

november

23, 1973

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Noel Carriou-a 54 year old Parisian amateur gourmet, has been sentenced to jail for the second time for killing his wife. He was imprisoned the first time seventeen years ago, for breaking his wife’s neck by violently throwing her out of bed. She had served him imprbperly cooked meat. He was sentenced to twelve years hard labour. His second wife, Clemence, made the mistake of overcooking a roast, prosecutors told the court. Carriou reprimanded her fatally with a knife; he was sentenced to another eight years. Meanwhile, unidentified sources report that police are looking for possible links between the Carriou case and the numerous ’ unsolved murders in recent years of cafeteria owners and vending machine operators in the Paris region. .

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A third member of the Industrial Workers of the World has been arrested in the Artistic Woodworkers strike in Torontq, one of sixteen picketers .jailed the morning of November 12th. Total arrests now stand at ninety. ‘One hundred and fifty Riot Squadders entered into combat with three hundred strikers and supporters on a mass picket line; more than one hundred of the picl&ters were from other unions supporting the strike. Some serious injuries were sustained among the protestors; strikers have become increasingly militant since Riot Squad police recently began taking on the vicious scab-protection tactics adopted by the Canadian Driver Pool earlier in Kitchener’s stillcontinuing Dare strike. The arrested IWW member was Heather Ramsey, who has been ~charged with common assault \and mischief. She is accused of biting the hand of the peace officer who was throttling her. Ramsey was held for some hours incommunicado-even from lawyers-& police headquarters before being charged.

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Dornjnique Danielle, a 28-year-old Vancouver woman, has applied to the government’s Local Initiatives Program for a $33,729 grant to operate a whorehouse on wheels, a wandering brothel-the ,bordellomobile-for the purpose of providing lonely men’ with “a therapeutic- evening of drunken revelry and orgiastic sex”. According to her application, total environmental entertainment is to be provided by qualified stqff members” who will “travel the province in our mobile unit stopping unannounced and unexpected one night. . .where men live alone and unloved.” Danielle points out that Canada has failed to produce a courtesan tradition and its men have suffered as a result, but LIP officials have so far been unenthusiastic about her proposal. They might have bee more responsive had they been aware of a recent report from University of Toronto scientists who state that cold weather-the LIP program operates through the. winterstimulates people to be more active, promotes better rest, and enhances sexual functioning. One could theretore conclude that, in the remote woman-starved lumber towns of northern B.C., no government project would be better appreciated this winter than that suggested by Dominique Danielle.

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Chevron advertising manager Melvin I. Rotman has been forced to take a temporary leave of absence from his position because of a rekent ankle injury, spokesmen for the popular campus-newspaper revealed today. The burly, redheaded, Jewish, well-dispositioned, frequently besotted ad salesman and design expert was the victim of a dramatic freak fall more than three weeks ago during a friendly volleyball competition. His doctor told the chevron that Rotman had sustained a severance of the Achilles tendon in his right heel: he now sports a thigh-high plastqr cast on the afflicted leg-a combination autograph book and bludgeon decorated with the signatures of friends and the blood of enemies. Rotman hopes to be able to partially resume his duties over the next two weeks, but will probably not be operating at former capacity until well after the new year. He is survived by his wife Sago and three little ones. Mrs. Rotman plans to have a cast made of her husband’s cast which will serve as a fire-place decoration and family conversation-piede. “It’s what he would have wanted,” she told herself.


friday,

november

23,

1973

the

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Telegdi argued that increasing thesize of senate would not result in an inefficient body but would to the contrary add valuabie “input” and aid the decision making process. The federation could provide valuable help in regards to educational issues, because it is the official student organization on campus. The addition of other members to maintain the faculty non-faculty ratio should be welcomed as it would reduce the work load of individual senators. The federation president also told senate that at Queens the president of the student union is a member of senate, and the situation is the same at York. Telegdi also claimed that absenteeism of senators was so high it was unlikely that even if the senate was increased to over 100 members there would be enough grounds to call the senate an unmanageable body. Whether your just beginning to Finally Telegdi quoted Ira dislike the french fries and plastic continued from page 1 . Needles (former chancellor of the pie you’ve been eating lately, or University of Waterldo ), “the you’ve been into health foods for appreciation of the electoral willingness of the University of years, you’ll be interested to know system, which however accui-ate, Waterloo to break tradition and to that Kitchener’s first natural foods is not at all in keeping with this deal with problemsin an restaurant has opened at 14a professed philosophy. When asked enlightened manner”.’ Telegdi Charles St. by one reporter as to whether he asked senate to deal with the The restaurant is the inspiration foresaw the Tories putting on a student request in a similar way. of Harry Vacal who emigrated vote-buying freebie program in the The senators, however, were in no from Greece thirteen years ago. year preceding the next election, studied economics and mood to break tradition as it is a Having Nixon affirmed that this dark recognized fact that the federation business adminstration in Europe, prospect might indeed be realized should not concern itself with he became interested oddly but manfully shrugged it off by educational matters but with enough in philosophy and at the acknowledging that “that’s the promoting the s‘ocial life of age of forty-five he enrolled at way the system works-most of students, in the form of escapist Wilfred Laurier University. As a the people in the community are entertainment. The federation’s part-time student for three years cynical enough” to understand this Hot on the campaign-fund-trail provincial liberal leader Robert place is not in the academic he discovered abstract thinking minor deficiency of the system and Nixon flew into Kitchener-Waterloo last Wednesday evening for a decision making process, but in far too restrictive to the natural accept it for what it is. Tickets for the benefit looking after the “leisure and state of man as he knew it. ConHe also took a firm stand on the dinner held in his honour by the local believers. as benefit cultural activities of students”. sequently he the Ontario Trade Commission to dinner at the Walper Hotel were ten dolars a piece-cheap began dinners go-and with everyone gathered into the one hall they Then senate’s denial of the apdevelopment of a new universal South Africa, and criticized their managed to auction off a basket of real fresh fruit and vegetables for pointment of the federation organization steeped in occult implicit Conservat ive’acceptance photo by Susan johnson president as ex-officio member is of the- apartheid principle in more than sixty dollars. humanism called E.P.I.K.A. nothing more than ;! confirmation guarantees the “simple majority The practical aim of his allowing the Commission to be of the above viewpoint. A tradition of faculty members”. In other philosophy is the development of a founded. But he admitted that his that Matthews applauds. outspokenness was somewhat late words to maintain ‘order’ realistic alternative to society that in The federation will remain in its senate, nine other senators would could be established peacefully. in coming, though failed to note place unless there is a serious have to be added to water down the that Liberal objections to the The idea is basically a sort of attempt to change its present increment in student participation. communalism where all those Trade Commission were an echo of priorities and to re-structure its Elevating involved in the business receive the NDP, who first brought up the the number of bureaucracy. The federation’s matter a few weeks ago. senators from 67 to 77 would acthe same wage, all profits go into place? In the campus centre. cording to Watt reduce the efother business ventures consistent All in all, Nixon impressed as the ficiency of senate. “pan-humanistic wishy-washy marshmallow-mind -john morris with his Watt then went on to explain that that tie have always know him to theophilosophy”. if the federation president were Under the guiding light of this be ; far more entertaining than him allowed to be a member of senate, concept the Golden Age Unico was were the participators in the event-the unctuous professionals, the F_aculty Association would also opended up last February dffering have to be allowed to have a a large variety of natural food the small businessmen, their member and the same would occur products as well as philosphical cigars and fur-coated wives faithwith the presidents of the church and occult literature. Two weeks fully in tow, it is with these people colleges. And each time a member that the human interest lies. yesterday the Humanity Inn, was added the faculty -majority displaying a rather limited menu For it was not primarily a would also have to be kept. The end of health food dishes, opened its political meeting, at least not in result would be an unmanageable any conventionally recognizable doors to the weary traveller of the senate. cosmic space lanes of Charles sense. It was a hail-fellow-wellBut the “viable argument” in met atmosphere overburdened Street. For two dollars one may The senate chambers witnessed, the eyes of Watt was the fact that get a high protein vegeburger, or with phoniness and the effusive last Monday, yet another student as all senators were elected by fried brown rice and an egg, solidarity of the social climbers in defeat. This time, U. of W. their constituencies they could attendance; it was in short the sum nourishing soup, cookies and a senators by a 20-11 vote (student “serve as individuals and exercise beverage. Also available are and consummation of Bob Nixon’s Monica Lentin wrote a story for senator Bruce McKay abstained their own judgement” without “liberal philosophy”. the gazette last spring which was various teas, juice drinks and a from voting) rejected the request bothering too much with their published in the high protein milk drink. It was not difficult to sense the Kitchener made by the Federation of constituencies. Vacal himself also receives the extent of the liberals’ involvement Waterloo Record under the name Students, regarding the apIn concluding his arguments of Henry Koch, the narrc of their same wage as the rest of the with the “grass roots” of their pointment, as an ex-officio Watts said that the federation workers and considers himself a political system. MPP Ed Good business editor. Lent; .I asked the member, of the federation “co-oneness maker” rather than won applause from all segments of president can come to senate Record to print an e* r.,ttl:r,l as soon president to senate. the audience for his quip on women meetings but in the “final analysis as she noticed +’ ~3 rrvjtake. The an employer. To support himself in The senate executive, through he does not have a vote”. Record r?ttiss-‘ti 1 . .-!;nply with her the meantime he continues as a and fitness: “Our wives don’t lack its mouthpiece professor Watt salesman which allo& him to for exercise-between jumping to After the Watt presentation, request and the gazette refused to (graduate dean) conveyed to conclusions and running up bills chairman Burt Matthews said the back her on her fight for an raise the capital to finance both the senate that the student request be federation president could become restaurant and food store as well they get lots of exercise!” erra turn. denied for two reasons: 1). the Information director for UW, as being owner of the building. It is An endearing man: A disarming a senate member if he got mechanics involved in increasing friendly man, “elected”. Jack Adams, told Lentin not to hard to belive that one with such whose only Of course Matthews senate membership, and 2) the was not concerned with the fact bother the Record with such a large amounts of property could pretension is to intelligence, and desire to keep senate an efficient minor request since the whole realistically be serving such an illlike most Liberals all too willing to that to become both a member of body. let his principles be eroded by the matter was too embarassing for defined entity as the counter senate and federation Watt’s first ‘argument’ rests on president, a student would have to them. After many months of culture. compromise. the principle that if the federation arguing and threats of lawsuits, “I’m not used to being led astray run two election campaigns If the ill-defined reader is inpresident were added to senate as simultaneously in hotels,” and at tempt to the Record has decided that the terested in pressing such one party member ,member he would matter is not so embarassing that theophilosophical matters any joked as he finally found his way to an ex-officio represent two different conthey can afford to risk a lawsuit. the dining hall. If he stays with the have a vote, in accordance with the stituencies at the same time. further or just wants to eat at KU. of W. Act. This additional vote Liberals much longer it will Matthews then introduced It should be noted that the KitY’s only health food restaurant probably become an experience to would necessitate a change in the Andrew Telegdi to s&ate with the chener Waterloo Record printed they should go down and find out remark that, “I agreed to allow which he will become all too ac- size of senate, given the coman erratum Wednesday as they for themselves. plicated provision in the act that customed. Telegdi to speak”. -don ballanger and nancy greaves had been asked to do last spring.

Food I for thought

Spirit

Feds -back in Ltheir place

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Better than never

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4

the chevron

friday,

november

23, 1973

this is an appeal to our readership is the first comprehensive analysis of the forces at work within the land development and speculafion industry. The authors of this book trace the history of the divelopment corpoiations in Canada, exploring the relationships with international corpoyations. Rather thaJ promoting such ineffective strategies as electing “anti-developer”,city councillors, the authors initiate a much more substantial investigation towards a solution to the problematic lack of control over these corporations Highrise

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friday,

november

23,

1973

I

thcl chwron

Governments’ Flood Relief Fund in Jamaica. But fetes and funds are not all the association has been getting involved with. Only recently, it engineered the coming to campus of noted historian Richard Hart, who gave lectures on a number of topics, including one on slavery in the West Indies. .More speakers are scheduled to appear on campus later on in the school year. A number of interesting educational films pertaining to both Africa and the Caribbean are also scheduled for showing. So the Caribbean Students Association moves on, with big plans for the future. A future which can mean greater integration of Caribbean Studnets on campus and a greater awakening of other students to the presence of Caribbean students. A future which can only mean further defacing of the rum and sunshine image of the Caribbean student, replacing it with the image of a more conscious, alert Caribbean student, greater Caribbean unity here on campus, and eventually greater unity in the Caribbean itself.

Coachin&= our athletes

.

Early last Sundaymorning Jack D‘onahue, head coach of the Canadian basketball team gave his initial lecture of a basketball clinic. The lecture w>s entitled “the philosophy of basketball”, however, shortly after Donahue started one could easily have suspected that the lecture was really entitled “Why Canada is privileged to have Donahue as coach of the basketball team.” The lecture was attended by about fifty people, mostly basketball players and pseudocoaches from the high schools, who had come to hear a man who has received much praise from the% coaching world for his role in bringing Canada’s basketball team into a contending position in international basketball Donahue’s career is largely American oriented-his last coaching position being at ,Holy Cross, a small American college. This background is evident in Donahue’s attitude toward basketball and athletics in general. Although Donahue contends that it is not the coach that is responsible for the success or failure of a team. he does preach , complete subservience of the player to the coach. He demands this from his players-not only a subservience to the coach but to the game itself. Donahue is much more concerned with the development of the game of basketball as a sport than he is with the development of the individual players that play the game. Donahue contends, though, that the only development a basketball player should be concerned with is his own athletic prowess and devotion to the game. Donahue pictures the perfect basketball player as one who is completely subservient to his coach; is at practices a half hour early and never opens his mouth in the presence of the coach. Donahue has stated himself that he was shocked to the point of wanting to get up and tear into a player who he overheard whether or not questioning basketball was really that important. Athletes are also completely devoid of intellect and resporid only to emotional situations, according to Donahue. In fact, Donahue went to great trouble to distinguish the difference between an intellect and an athelete. He challenged any professor to create a feeling of emotion during a lecture and stated emphatically that it could not be done. Donahue is apparently very aware of this major criticism of toda@ athletes-that they are being turned into mindless robots by coaches such as himself. It is for this reason that he takes great I --

pains to justify his position on the grounds that he is creating athletes that can deal with emotion. To Donahue true emotion can apparently be found only -iti athletics and no where else. The fallacies of his arguments are too obvious. Donahues position as ambassador of Canadian basketball has to be challenged since during the talk he avoided talking about basketball in Canada and how it is developing. Instead he stated that his job in Canada was “crazy” and then proceeded to talk about his coaching experiences in the USA. The fact that Donahue wears a Holy Cross coaching jacket rather than a Canadian team jacket reflects much of Donahu& arrogance about American basketball. Donahue unwittingly gave an excellent profile of the type of person who is willing to create robots from athletes in the name of sport. Donahue also showed.how a person so obsessed with a sport can rationalize his position, and how terms of reference can be misinterpreted in order to support his position. Donahue states that one of the greatest attributes of a basketball player is the ability to play in front of large crowds of people. Perhaps Donahue is unaware of the fact that the only reason most athletes are willing to become robots is so that they can play in front of large crowds and thereby receive recognition from the fans. If spectators stopped going to see the athletes, the athletes wouldn’t perform. are playing for Athletes recognition, they are there to .glorify themselves not the game.

To bolster the ties In September 19’73 a new executive body of the Caribbean Sjtudents Association was elected. As with every new executive of the the new faces association, represented new hope; hope that the CSA would make renewed

S

photo by randy

jack Donahue, with his presence basketball player of the coach, and and athletes.

hannigan

the big-man in Canadian basketball graced Waterloo last Sunday morning. Donahue pictures the perfect as someone who is totally subservient to the whims he also refuses to believe that you can mix intellect

TAs to form union

’ relations between similar bodies efforts to meet its basic objectives. MONTREAL - ( CUP )-Teaching in assistants Of these, one of the main aims is to at several other universitites in the sociology Ontario; foster a greater interest department at McGill University provide an environment where in Caribbean history among students from the Caribbean areas have called for the creation of a could come together, get to know Caribbean and other students ; union of TAs from McGill’s various each other better, and share their establish greater relations with departments. varied experiences gained both on African students on cariipus, who -This action, taken at a meeting and off campus. share a similar kind of historical Thursday, November 1, follows past and interesting present as the organizing actions by TAs in the How well has the new executive Caribbean students. political science and economics met this challenge? To ask this, departments. Unlike the TAs in The present executive of the CSA one executive member pointed out, however, the is committed to bringing about a . thoses departments, is to ask, how well has the new awareness among Caribbean sociology workers are not just Caribbean student body at U of W Students on campus. An organizing their department, but tried to bring itself together. To working for an interdepartmental awareness of their past, no longer put it another way, ‘this member, in, terms of a disgust for that organization. was simply trying to emphasize disgusting past, characterized by Malcolm Alexander, a member what every executive of the CSA of the liason committee, set up to disadvantageous beginnings back has emphasized; that the success in the Caribbean, where the dirty work with TAs in other departof the association is dependent finger prints of imperialist rapists ments, said sociology TAs prefer largely upon the cooperationof still remain, but in ternis of the an interdepartment”a1 union every Caribbean student on lessons this past has taught them because they feel adequately campus. and. the hope of a future characrepresented within their own Most former executive members terized by academic excellence, department now. Alexander said of the CSA, however, have and brotherly love towards that 20 of the 22 TAs in sociology -_ another. approved the move. frequently referred to the apathy and lack of enthusiasm on the part The executive has expressed The statement said a TA union for meeting the social would help in getting “office of the associations members. So concern needs of the association members. that any kind of analysis of the supplies, participation in decision contributions of the present To this end, a number of social maki-lg. access to the support occasions have been planned. One services related to teaching needs, executive must be made against such is the Association’s Annual this background of nonetc.” for TAs. At present sociology Ball which comes off on Saturday TAs have to pay for their own involvement. evening November 24th at 8p.m. in Speaking with most members of office supplies and are not the association, it would appear the great hall of Village II. A top provided with telephones and that, this lackadaisical attitude has ,Toronto based band of Caribbean typewriters. musicians will be coming in for the been due primarily to two facThe statement also says a union tors-heavy work loads faced by dance. would help work out “guidelines the students, and a lack of sufThe association, most members establishing an equitable relation feel must serve not only the needs ficieritly dynamic leadership. between income and work levels in But the matter is not as simple of students on campus, but should all departments”. Alexander as this. What concerns committed be prepared to lend a helping hand believes there are large disparities whenever it can. Here, it would be in pay between various association members most is that departthe two factors are strongly apfiropriate to point out that on ments, but has not yet documented 4.. connected. That is to say, the Saturday evening at its dance, the this. heavy work load faced by leaders association launches its Jamaica The union, the statement says, or potent ial leaders of the Flood Relief Fund. The fund is to would also deal with payment for association has, in fact, hindered aid victims of the recent flood in French courses. Alexander says their making any contributions *Jamaica. which took the lives of TAs. unlike professional and close to what they might have some seven people and left secretarial staff, are not payed for concept ualized. thousands more homeless. Con’- French courses taken. Besides the Nevertheless, serious attempts t ri but ions to the fund can be placed liason committee, the November 1 have been made in the past to in “fund containers” at various meeting set up a committee to effect a number of ideas held by points on campus as of Monday, or investigate how Quebec’s past executive members. For directly to the Bank of Commerce classification system affects TAs example, attempts have been on campus. i‘he funds will be and a group to look into other made to develop and strengthen transferred by the bank to the teaching organizations.

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Wednesday

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November

Saturday

November

Sunday

24

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1973

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_ the ten which I suggested-and even-this one commission ‘came to nothing. The work I was formerly doingeven articles / which I was commissioned to write by the previous editor - have been pre-empted by the new appointees. Since September, my relationship with the therefore, Gazatte has been de facto terminated by Information Services. As to the matter of the erratum, at the beginning of September -1 instructed my I am writing to you in your capacity as lawyer to write -to the KW Record President of UW to bring to your notice requesting the insertion of a proper certain activities by members of UW erratum. Information Services. When this request was categorically Accounts of some of these activities refused, I then applied to the Ontario were published in the Chevron of October Press Council, who agreed to look into the 5th and November 2nd. Please find copies matter, and called on both parties to enclosed. furnish documentary evidence. On April 25th this year, you were kind On October 26th, I received from the enough to see me in connection with my Press Council photocopies of the complaint of unethical conduct on the part documents forwarded by the Record in of members of UW Information Services. support of its refusal to publish an My complaint arose in particular from erratum. ’ the matter of an article written by me, These documents consist of letters from commissioned by and published in the Mr. Adams to Mr. Hayes of the Record, UW Gazette on March Zlst, under my dated September 12 and October 5th, and byline. The same article appeared on the ‘a statement by Mr. Robert Whitton, in the Kitchener-Waterloo same day Manager, News Bureau, UW Information Record under the byline of Henry Koch, Services, dated October 4th. R.ecord Business Editor. In these letters, clearly in response to You will recall my informing you that queries by Mr. Hayes as to the authorship having requested the insertion of a simple erratum in the Record, I was of the article, the totally unfounded immediately contacted by Mr. Jack allegation is made and repeated that my Adams, Director, UW Information article was rewritten “from start to Services. Mr. Adams told me he had just finish” by Mr. Whitton, before being ,forwarded to the Record. received a call from Mr. Hayes, Managing Editor of theRecord, in connection with In his statement, addressed “To Whom, my request. it May Concern”, Mr. Whitton writes: “I Mr. Adams thought fit to upbraid me gave it a quick rewrite. . . as I recall I for, as he put it, ‘causing embarassment to rewrote it from start to finish. . . put it on the Record and to Henry Koch.’ He our regular news release letterhead, and professed to find my request quite sent it to Henry Koch. As I recall, unreasonable and unacceptable. ‘There Henry Koch gave my rewrite a bit of was no way’ in his words, ‘that he would further rewriting before using it.” allow the Record (sic) to publish any As can be seen by comparing both correction .’ versions of my article, Mr. Whitton’s He left me with the very distinct imstatement is quite untrue, and, in the pression that if I persisted in my attempt context, deliberately misleading and to have an erratum published by the libellous. Record, my services with the UW Gazette In his interview with the Chevron would be terminated. (November 6th)) Mr. Whitton, asked to You may remember that when I inclarify his statement, is further reported formed you of these events, you expressed to have alleged that his “rewrite” was not concern, andsuggested that I write to Mr. only published in the Record,. but also in Adams, on your recommendation, to the Gazette, in other words that I did not arrange for my relationship with. the even write the article in the Gazette. Gazette to be re-established on a more . These allegations, made by Mr. Whitto’n harmonious footing in the Fall. to a journalist, are, again, quite untrue, and in the context deliberately misleading On your advice, I therefore wrote to Mr. and slanderous. Adams enclosing a’ stamped selfaddressed envelope for his reply. Professor Robert Mundell, Chairman, Not having received a reply for six Department of Economics, who was the weeks, I again wrote to Mr. Adams, who subject of the article, was interviewed by sent a short, non-committal note, to the me personally in March, in connection effect that budgetary considerations made with the preparation of the article, which it impossible for him to agree to any dealt with his views on the possible concrete proposals. creation of a new European currency unit. On.returning from Europe in the Fall, I He read and approved my article before again contacted Mr. Adams, who told me I submitted it for publication in the that my services were required by the Gazette. Gazette on the same freelance basis as On October 29th, Professor Mundell before. However, he said, it was not made the following sworn statement possible to make any commitment or even before a notary: prediction as to the amount of work In“I remember of course your interview formation Services might require. He with me on the European currency again stated that he did not know the problem and the article that appeared in budgetary allowance for Information the Gazette was the same as the copy Services. which I approved for publication in Meanwhile I discovered that during my March.” absence, Mr. Adams had appointed a’ You will therefore see that Mr. salaried’ “Staff Reporter” to cover the Whitton’s statement of October 4th is work which I had formerly been doing on a completely untrue. freelance basis. What was behind this collusion between Adams and Whitton of UW Information Although as recently as March 1972, I myself had been offered the AssistantServices on the one hand and Hayes of the Editorship of the Gazette, I was now R.ecord on the other? “Staff neither offered the post of . The answer would seem to be that they were busy fabricating evidence in order to R.eporter”, nor given the opportunity to exonerate the Record at the Press Council apply for it, nor even informed that it was hearing, which had been scheduled for available. November 9th. Though nominally still working for the The aim of their collusion was, it seems Gazette, I received no commissions: to be exact, I was given one commission out of fair to infer, to throw doubt on my

letter to Matthews

authorship of the article. As a freelance writer, I retain in law the copyright in my articles. If it could be proved that I merely submitted the idea, or, as Adams calls it, the “material”, to Information Services, and this “material” was then rewritten by Information Services ,in such a way as to constitute a completely different articlerewritten, as Whitton alleges “from start to finish”-then the .copyright in the rewritten article would rest wit,h Information Services and not with me. The Record could then claim before the Press Council, that it had the right to do whatever it wished with the article,- since Information Services had given it carte blanche . Dr. Matthews: as President of the University you take ultimate responsibility for the actions of your subordinates. May I therefore bring to your attention the following misdemeanours by members of UW Information Services: 1) Mr. Adams’ failure to ensure that the source of the article was credited in the Record in accordance with stated Gazette policy that “material may be reprinted freely if credit is given”, and in accordance with the law of copyright and with normal journalistic ethics. 2) Mr. Adams collusion with Mr. Hayes of the Record in preventing publication of an erratum, thereby aiding and abetting an infringement of copyright by false attribution of authorship. 3) Mr. Adams’ attempts at intimidation with regard to my perfectly proper attempt to have an erratum published. 4) Mr. Adams failure to notify me that a new post, that of Staff Reporter, was being created, thus depraving me of the chance to apply for it, in breach of stated University policy to “promote from within”. 5) Mr. Adams’ de facto unilateral termination of my services to the Gazette after a relationship ,of three years’ standing, while disingenuously claiming that my services were in fact required. 6) Mr. Adams’ collusion with Mr. Hayes of the Record in inducing Mr. Whitton to sign a false statement, presumably intended to pervert the course of justice at a Press Council hearing. 7) Mr. Whitton’s false and libellous statement regarding his alleged “rewriting” of my article for the Record. 8) Mr. Whitton’s false and slanderous statement ’ regarding his alleged ’ “rewriting” of my article for the Gazette. I am a professional journalist of seven standing. For the past eight years’ months I have been the victim of a disgraceful campaign of lies, intimidation, sharp practice, deceit and abuse of authority on the part of members of Information Services. I have waited eight University authorities to action in this matter, brought to the attention University officers. Since nothing whatever I take it that these officers to inform you ‘of any of

months for the take appropriate which I a have of several senior has been done, never bothered these events.

I am therefore approaching you d,irectly to put you in full possession of the facts, in the confident expectation that as President of this University you will not tolerate conduct of this sort on the part of employees of the University in positions of responsibility and trust. Monica Lentin copies to: Professors H. MacKinnon, M. Craton, J. Stubbs, J. English, C. De’Ath, K. Sayegh, D. Davies, P. Cornell, R. Mundell, J. Kessel, F. Centore, H. Petch, C. Siegfried, J. Fretz, A; McLachlin, D. M’Timkulu, J. Wahl, Dr. I. Needles, Dr. J. Hagey, The Editor, The Chevron.

We stand / corrected re: Catherine Murray’s review of Poor Bites, “Piece Grincant” Your compliments on the set were appreciated by both the cast and’ the production crew, but mostly by the actual designer, J. Mark Kelman (and not myself, as your review stated). Had you read the programme a little more carefully, you would have noticed that I was the stage manager, and that Mark was the deisgner, as well as the master carpenter. We are both saving all reviews of this show for our portfolios, and would appreciate an official correction of this rather large and glaring error. Mark should be given due and proper credit for his excellent design, “one of the best the humanities theatre has seen in several years .” Tigger Jourard

Hitler was right “. ..man’s consciousness is as powerful as a microscope; it can grasp and analyse experience in a way no animal can achieve. But microscopic vision is narrow vision. We need to develop another kind of consciousness that is the equivalent of the / telescope .” Colin Wilson, from his book, The Occult The first time I saw the above quote, I became almost immediately spaced out. That peculiar “awareness” of things that we all experience at some time or another made itself known to a degree that I’d never felt before. It’s like having the universe in the palm’of your hand. If you accept the outlook that it projects, you can see that these “awarenesses” epitomize for I:T ” ? telescope. At the other end of tile spectrum would be the narrow-type vision used for doing things, conceivably epitomized by the intensity with which we are getting into it. If a person can grasp these two extremes, and subsequently the millenium of thought in between, there should be a compromise. This word is one of the most important in the English Language (I wonder if other languages have a suitable parallel). all, the thinking process is basically a set of questions (or observations) and answers, often resulting in action on the part of the thinker. A more precise definition might be “understanding”. Moreover, anything that is thusly computed will be a compromise of data collected by your faculties (the senses, memory bank, and something I call the “future bank”), and these interconnected compromises from what you are thinking. The two vision extremes are, of course, ideals. -Either one is difficult to maintain for any length of time. Also, -the person who thinks telescopically will do less, just as the person who is constantly active will envision less. Everyone has properties of both forms of perception, and if the situation is considered on as broad a scale as possible, a “graph” of mankind’s consciousness could conceivably be shown as follows: . ,

continued

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11


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The dots represent sort of a crosssection of people. The fact that some people are generally smarter than others is irrelevant; it is only the end result of the amount of data that a person will have available, and depends on so many variables within education, upbringing, environment and genetics. The graphic representation illustrates the effort to compromise, and it’s only an effort because in our present existence our concept of life appears too vague,+ like standing behind a fence and only being allowed to see part of the view.

The problem is other people-not as, individuals, but in number. The awesome size of 3 I 2 billion units is difficult to picture; the best way to do it would be to put a dollar sign in front, I suppose. Communication has made it possible td get an awareness-of a situation anywhere in the worid. Our files are, so to speak, bursting with data. But civilization has progressed faster than our thinking capacity; the computer is being overloaded. A solution is to actually widen our scope of thought to absorb it all, but unfortunately this is a-1 evolutionarjr process and takes time. It builds up in bits and pieces. A more plausible resolve is to simplify the things that are affecting us, which we are to an extent capable of doing. But there again you have the numbers problem : “You can please some of the people some of the time, but you can’t please all of the people all of the time’? The complexities around us are made, to cope with the number of people life has to satisfy. Rapid transit. Factory Venereal 0 waste from mass production. disease from 1:‘/4 billion sources. I could go on and on, down to the fact that the ash tray in front of me is there because ashes contribute to pollution. Almost anything that exists today can be directly or indirectly’ attributed to the n/umber of people it has to service. If a person can accept this, then half the battle has been won. We are living in a time where our decisions will either make or break the future. The fact that people are thinking more than they ever have about this future makes solutions much more attainable. We are at the point where we can reach through that fence and pick some flowers, or more realistically, bring some of that colourful environment into our everyday world. Yet we have to share those blossoms with so many others, an& what if someone doesn’t like the colour? If they could be conceived in black and white, the bias would disappear (or be replaced), and in their simplified state, the flowers would somehow appeal to everyone. We have to get to the point where we can at least please all of the people some of the time. Here again is the law of compromise. One of the more valuable productions of our advancing culture is something called the #“systems approach”. From the interlockcng building blocks the youngsters play with to the controlledaccess highways, we are designing things that work more efficiently. The results are twofold: it is giving people more time, and

it is satisfying a greater nuhber of them. These systems work for us, smoothly, so we don’t have to work as much, or even think about it as much. The consequences are obvious. This lack of work or involvement in things of a specific nature, i.e. the use of our narrow vision, creates more room for thought on a higher level, where the acreage of produce is naturally much greater. We go from the finite to the infinite, and what we see is interesting and confusing at the same time. The mind cannot analyse it accurately. With this in mind, it becomes easier to accept the world for what it is: an enormous panorama of actions, reactions, and inter-reactions. The point to be observed is that it would not be so overwhelmingly enormous if there weren’t as many bodies within it. This is the thesis of my argument, and ironically enough, the solution. We need to stabilize our human growth. Hitler had the right idea, but went about it in the wrong way. An effective epidemic is another answer, but just as senseless. The value on human life is too great to do anything immediate, so in essence, we’re stuck with what we’ve got. All we can do, for the sanity of the future, is not produce children-each and every one of us. For once’ we have to swallow our parental pride, until we can minimize the population to a degree that is compatible with the way we view it. For the intelligent few the sacrifice is by no means difficult, because contraception and abortion are allowing sex to flourish to a marvelous level where anyone can reap the rewards of the reproductive instinct. For the rest, good luck with your kids. Manfred

Research on campus I am writing this in response to the November ninth article titled, “DES. Quality control for cattle, not for women.“, and in particular response to the remarks made by head nurse Gutenburg of Health Services, as reported by the Chevron writer. -Last fall I went to Health Services to inquire about the ‘morning-after pill. Instead of any explanations or inquiries into my health background etc., as, according to the article, takes place, the nurse-receptionist ushered me into a small room, asked me when ‘intercourse had occurred, what time of the m’onth it was, handed me two of the pills and casually mentioned that they would make me vomit. When I asked her how they worked, she replied that it wasn’t: known. I was to, receive the other three pills on Monday when I came to see Gutenburg. At that interview no mention of medical history was made. I again asked how these pills worked .and again received a non-explanatory and totally unenlightening answer. In light of the article, its contents, and the ensuirig comments, I wonder how many other women have come across this sort of thing. In my case the damage is done. the result irrevocable, and I feel my case was handled badly. I, like one of the girls in the November ninth article, .only came to inquire about this pill. I didn’t ask for it. I didn’t receive a satisfying

explanation of its effects on me or how it worked, other than that it would make me sick. I bfor one, don’t think University Clinics should be allowed to use ,students f?r research subjects, especially without making them fully aware of the risks they are taking. Our bodies are our most precious possessions. If we are misinformed as to the effects of a drug, it could cause serious physical implications the person may have taken ‘note of if she had been well informed. A bad experience of this kind could also cause an aversion to sex. If we are going to screw up our lives, I think we should at least be given the choice. Anonymous

Coffee and donuts Over the past couple of years, what amounts to an institution on campus has stealthily crept into our daily lives. This institution poses a menace of which most of us regrettably are unawae. I refer, strangely enough, to the coffee and donut stands that have magically sprouted up like mushrooms after a summer shower. They were started by the various societies, who honestly have only the purest motives at heart. They are run, most commendably on a non-profit basis. The coffee and donuts serve as central meeting places: people sit and talk over coffee and donuts; students get to know each other in more congenial circumstances; friendships are solidified; new friends are made. ’ What could be wrong with this idyllic portrait? Well, to begin with, coffee and donuts are a form of internal pollution. Consider the following: our bodies normally maintain only a few teaspoons bf sugar in the bloodstream. Suddenly we are deluged with more than 100% of that figure insidiously dis‘guised as coffee and donuts. Physiological panic ensues. The pancreas (remember Frederick G .?) is stimulated to release insulin, causing sugar to be stored. In addition, the caffeine, via a roundabout route, causes the liver to release sugar into the bloodstream as conditions of stress are simulated, thus causing even more stimulation of the pancreas. This caution is aside from all the other nasty things that can be said about this dangerous addictive drug; and I m:an every word of it. Blood tests have clearly shown that, blood glucose shoots up immediately after ingesting refined sugar (even if disguised in a donut), and falls back down very rapidly to a lower level than it started at. Note that a relatively high’ blood glucose level is essential for physical and mental well -being. At low levels weariness, irritability, hunger and men&l sluggishness become apparent. Higher levels are maintained when larger quantities of protqin are consumed and refined carbohydrate (sugar) is shunned. Unfortunately, our per capita consumption of refined sugar is a whopping 120 pounds a year. (Coffee has been estimated to account for 20% of this figure). 200 years ago this figure was less than five pounds. But what effect can this innocuous substance really be having you may ask, begging for punishment. It is interesting to note, in answer to your question, that sugar elevates blood levels of cholestrol, uric acid, triglycerides, and free fatty *

,

acids, as well as insulinall medically accepted indicators of proneness to heart disease. In”‘addition, could it be that all this over-stimulation of the pancreas is related to the unprecendented incidence of diabetes in North America? Recently 44 of 177 United Airlines pilots were found to hypoglycemic-that is, suffering from chronic low levels of blood sugar. 42 of these had fortunately not yet shown overt symptoms (like blacking out and smashing up a plane). But in its less dramatic form hyploglycemia only causes mental confusion, poor memory, lethargy, and, lack of alertness-still not an inspiring thought. Could it be that this continual flow of coffee and donuts to the cockpit has anything to do with this frightening finding? In addition, there is evidence ’ that this chemical hypoglycemia -that is, without symptoms, like the pilots had-may eventually lead to diabetes. In fact, sugar stands near the top of every medical shit list. By this I mean proneness profiles that have been compiled for dental decay, coronary heart disease, mental illness (!), etc. Coffee is an almost essential drug for many students (myself included, unfortunately). But maybe next time you indulge in a coffee and donut you will be a little more aware of the two-edged sword it represents. The societies believe they are providing a service because there is a widespread desire for such healthdestroying substances as donuts-a desire partly due to their availability, and partly due to the vacuum of ignorance pervading their consumption. Hopefully this contribution will &art to fill that vacuum with’ an awareness. Hopefully some day soon, enough interest will be generated so that good foods are supplied because there is a desire for them (the kaisers are a step in the right direction), and people who eat what is available (coffee and donuts now) will eat well in . spite, of themselves. Salmon Fighting The Current

Put that in ’ your pipe My pet peeve of the week is gas stations that leave their lights on after closing-it is not about the middle east-war, ice rinks, Christianity and social reform. Since my topic is so wide ranging, I will begin immediately, without further introduction. My automobile broke down Sunday night in south Kitchener. I walked the streets for an hour, led on by visions (quite real) of revoIving, flashing illumina’ted gasoline signs. My ow; personal energy supply reached crisis level lows. due partially to depression‘ and squelched anticipation. No garage was open. A Kitchener police officer helped me to start my car when I explained that I could not be at the ignition and the carborator at the same time. I would like to thank him. . I wish to warn operators of local gas stations that if this practice of leaving advertising signs on- after closing continues. I will sue each one individually for false advertising. I will press my case on the grounds of energy covservation. And, due to present world energy level,s, I will probably win. Bruce Steele Staff


12

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Warriors to

welude Nksrkith

season for the Warriors, Coach With the loss of seven players McCrae would have every reason -from last year’s ball club, it was to be optimistic when he reveals felt by many that a lot of speed, his feeling, “that if the Warriors and -physical strength had disappeared out the back door. can maintain their poise, they will be one of the toughest teams in the Coach Don McCrae did not conceal the fact, prior to last Friday’s 79-63 country.” over the Lakehead victory UW’s freshman basketball team, University Nor’westers, that he the “Spartans”, played for the was concerned about this season’s first time last Friday when they Warrior performance on the played the Moawk College boards, and their floor discipline. Mountaineers to a 62-62 tie, prior to “To be contenders, the Warriors the varsity game. The team was will have to play solid defence and created, according to Coach Court exemplify total floor discipline.” Xeinbuch, “to provide a situation During the past week, McCrae where one is given the opportunity expressed satisfaction when he to improve one’s basketball funexplained that he was “delighted damentals, in the hope of making a with the Warrior’s poise” on the transformation to the varsity floor. He definitely feels that his Warriors .” Though there is no returning, matured personnel league, the Spartans will play have discipline. thirteen games. In an effort to force Waterloo turnovers, the- Nor’westers atThe next Spartan game will be tempted unsuccessfully to apply a on the road at Seneca College on full, a three-quarter, and a half Tuesday, November 27, while the court press. The Warriors varied Warriors prepare for the sixth annual Naismi th Classic, which their fast and controlled breaks, committing only 19 errors, the begins this afternoon in the PAC. lowest number of turnovers ever Included in the Naismith committed under the coaching of Tournament are the University of McCrae. They grabbed 54 Manitoba, Brandon, McMaster, rebounds, and restricted Sir George Williams, Sir Wilfrid Lakehead’s rebounds to only 26. Laurier, Windsor, and the Shooting averages were well below IJniversity of Ottawa. The first par for both teams. game of the tournament begins at Statistics confirmed McCrae’s one - p.m. with McMaster earlier statements about his aim to challenging Manitoba followed’ by create a team-oriented offense. Sir George Williams and Windsor Scoring and rebounding were both at three p.m. In the evening at seven p.m. Laurier will cope with evenly distributed among the Warriors ,) as Mike Moser acOttawa, while the Warriors take on cumulated twenty-two points and Brandon at nine p.m. The losers of thirteen rebounds, Trevor Briggs the first round will play in the scored twenty points and grabbed consolation rounds scheduled for eleven a.m. and one p.m. The ten rebounds, and Bob Smeenk accounted for fourteen points and consolation final will take place at ten rebounds. six-thirty Saturday evening, followed by the championship final Lakehead Nor’westers, under at eight-thirty p.m. Admission for coach Howard Lockhart, are considered to be the team which students, without athletic passes, is $1.50 per two game session, best utilizes the presses. If the while others must pay $2.00. game against Lakehead is any -mihail murgoci indication of what lies ahead in the

Due to the energy crisis coach Graham has instructed his swimmers to slow down in order to conserve energy. This move was seen necessary as the swim team is travelling to the states where president Nixon has ordered all swimmers to slow down to ten miles per hour.

The Warrior by scoring -Friday-. The more points season until

basketball team warmed up for tonight’s Naismith Classic more points than a team from Lakehead University last Chevron predicts- that if the team can continue ‘scoring than opposing teams, the basketballers will have a good playing Windsor in the OUAA playoffs.

Bom.bers , crack yeggs

The Black Bombers won a tremendous victory last Friday over strong competition from the Yeggs with only a minimum of bloodshed. It was the second intrasquad swimming meet this year by Uniwat Warriors and Athenas. The whole toed varsity team was divided into two nearly equal subteams, and then had a meet against each other. Coach Bob Graham seemed quite pleased with the results, as most times are ahead of last years at this time. The team has a healthy future to look forward to, with the addition of some tough rookies, and the return of many of last years performers. Waterloo placed fourth in the country last spring during the nationals held in Calgary. Maida Murray once again proved her versatility by winning the 200 individual medley in 2:36.5,.. the 200 backstroke in 2:31.9, and the 200 breastroke in 2:54.1. Dave Wilson won the 1000 yard freestyle in 11: 14.5 then a few minutes later jumped in to win the 50 yard freestyle, a very difficult combination. The fastest dead start this year in the mens 100 freestyle was swum by Louie Krawczyk in the

time of 52.7. The 400 freestyle relay is looking better all the time as five swimmers have been under 54 seconds in the 100. Judy Mathieu won the 50 free and fly in 28.2 and 30.5 respectively. Ian Taylor did his thing winning the 200 I.M. in 2:15.2, the $00 free in 1:57.9 and the 500 free in 529.5. Mike Hughes won the 200 fly in 2:lV.s. Andy White won the womens 200 yard free in 2:37.4 and Debbie Farquhar took the 100 free in 1:06.2. The night before this meet the Athenas destroyed visiting Guelph with a score of 84 to 23. Tomorrow the Warriors host Queens at 2 P.M. This should be a good meet since Queens has a much stronger team this year, especially in the breastroke department. This will be the first varsity meet the Warriors have had this year. Next weekend the whole team leaves for Michigan and Indiana where competition will be much keener than here in Canada. -eric

robinson

Pithy puckers Last Thursday evening the Warrior’s travelled to St. Catherine’s to defeat the Brock Badger’s and obtain their second consecutive win of the season. The Warrior’s were triumphant coming out on top with a 12 to 4 win. The first period was dominated by Waterloo leaving the Badger’s little chance in the Warrior’s end.

Hawkshaw opened the scoring on a pass from Elliott and Guimond. Halfway through the period Brock responded on a powerplay goal to tie the game. Warriors then collected two more markers, one on a rebound from Crosby, the next going to Barnes on a three on one break. Brock added another goal leaving the score 3-2 at the end of the period. In the second period four goals were scored, three of which were allotted to the Warrior’s. The first goal was scored by Nickleson after twenty seconds of play. Brock then collected their only marker of the second period with Warrior’s Stinson coming back a few seconds later, putting one past the Badger’s goaltender on a slapshot. Waterloo’s Nickleson completed the periods scoring on a backhand shot. Warrior’s came on strong in the third period collecting six goals while the Badger’s managed only one. Warrior’s knocked in four consecutive goals with Hawkshaw picking up the first three and Barnes collecting the fourth on a breakaway while the Warrior’s were shorthanded. Brock’s final goal was put in an empty net with Snoddy caught in the corner. Brock down six goals, resorted to fisticuffs in the last five minutes of the game. The first two brawls resulted in Guimond, Tombos and two Badger’s receiving two double minors each for roughing, while the last two brawls resulted in an early shower for Crosby, Partland and two Brock players. This did not stop the Warrriors for they managed two more goals in the last few minutes of play with Elliott and Staubitz receiving the honours. Waterloo won unanimous voting for the three stars which went to Hawkshaw , Nickleson and Elliott respect ivle y . Doug Snodd y played a good game for the Warriors repelling 23 out of 27 shots. George Rodney appeared for the first time in the Waterloo lineup. He is a veteran with three years experience on the University of Windsor squad, and seems to fit in well on the Crosby, Stinson line. On Saturday November 17, Waterloo travelled to Kingston to meet Queen’s University. The first period ended in a one all tie, with the Golden Gaels _ opening the scoring and Waterloo’s Geoff Fielding collecting the typing marker. The second period saw the Warrior’s scoreless while the Golden Gaels increased their lead by two goals. Dupuis kept the Warrior’s in the game during this period by coming up with some outstanding saves. The third period was scoreless until the last few minutes of .play when Hawkshaw broke through the Queen’s defencemen on a pass from Guimond and Stubel, to make the score 3-2. With 44 seconds remaining in the game Hawkshaw tipped in his second-marker with assists going to Elliott and Guimond. Unable to score the winning goal the Warriors were forced to settle for a .three all tie. This coming Sunday evening, November 25, the Carleton Raven’s will be in town to meet our Warriors. Game time will be at seven p.m. at the Waterloo Memorial Arena. -4iscris


fri’day,

t

23, 1973

november

the

Floor hockey Speaking of battles, recreational floor hockey appears to be little more than that as the number one ranked 69’ers met their match in the Attilas. Although the 69’ers played ‘shins’, many of them finished this bruising, hard-hitting game with the Attila insignia imprinted on their bodies. In other playoff action, the Mucket Farmers demolished Romanos Riders 11-3. Perennial contenders Grads saw their season end by losing to the upstart Raiders. Facing the Raiders in the semi-final will be the Pirates who thoroughly obliterated Lower Eng 14-O. Ball Hockey playoffs have just begun with the teams to beat being the DB’s the T-Nuts and the Ballers. ,

Hockey Last week’s hockey game of the week turned into quite a fiasco as the Environmental Studs whipped Team Waterloo 12-O. So much for game of the week. Math continued their winning ways with a second period splurge in downing Sunnydale Scrotes 6-l. Kinesiology, in whitewashing Team Cracker 8-O and Upper Eng 3-O has now played 5 games in allowing just one goal to be scored upon them. This observer feels the speedy Kin team by far outclasses the defending champion Math squad. ,

Co-ed

Profsb squash in tourney Squash

Bagbiters and will meet in the finals. Having played to a stalemate in their first meeting, the finale promises to be quite a battle. Final standings and the playoff structure appear below.

tourney

The Intramural squash tourney featured three separate divisions this year-as each competitor was asked to rate himself in one of the’ three categories. These included ‘A’ for excellent players, ‘B’ for average to good and ‘C’ for beginners. B Group was by far the most popular as 54 contestants entered this bracket. After ten evenings of play involving close to 80 competitors and well over 100 matches, champions were finally recognized in two of the three flights. In A Group, favourite Ian McGee of the Math ‘Faculty pit his skill against upstart John Nash of the Kin Faculty and defeated Nash 3-2. Group B saw a number of close and excellently played matches before Bob Hardy of St. Jeromes Skelly of outlasted Jim Recreation. In the C division the two consolation finalists defeated the champion finalists. Then in the final, Dennis Harrison of Kinesiology displayed ability quite unbecoming to a beginning squash player as he took three straight from the Bagbiter’s Jim Webster. - In basketball action, sixteen teams are about to compete in the playoffs starting this Sunday. First round games should see the A teams dominate play and dismiss ’ the B division teams from further competition. From, this office, it appears that T.O.‘s Trotters are on a collision course with the XES'S

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St. Paul’s St. Jeromes West ‘D’

BASKETIjALL

-terry

The Athena badminton team opened their tournament season with matches against WLU, Western, McMaster, Ryerson and Guelph. The following girls are playing on this year’s team, Ellen Hunter, Maggie Acheson, Nancee McDonald, Sue Hamilton, Wendy

Fun night The women’s intercollegiate council is sponsoring an Athena fun night. This event will take place on Thursday evening, November 22, at 7: 30 pm in room 135 in the campus centre. ‘All female athletes are invited to attend, as in past years this event has proved to be a great success in allowing athletes to get to know each other. Refreshments and games will be the order of the evening.

5 0 0 10 410 8 320'6

Vl East V2 South ‘B’ V2 West League

MIAC reps are reminded of the final meeting this Sunday at 8:00 p.m. Also, *don’t forget the social at the Breslau the next night, Monday, November 26.

badminton

Swimming Waterloo swimmers met Etobicoke memorial aquatic club (EMAC) in competition here Wednesday. Last year EMAC was the second best senior age group club in Canada behind the Vancouver Dolphins. Waterloo men won 5 of 12 events including two relays. Randell Phillips broke a team record in the 100 breaststroke, his time 1:08.4. Eric Robinson went a 2:11.6 for the 200 backstroke, a Warrior best for this time of the season. Final score in the men’s competition was EMAC 61 Warriors 43. This is the closest Waterloo has come in this meeting. The Athenas didn’t fare so well losing by a large margin 74 to 23. Good swims were recorded by Maryann Schuett who did a lifetime best in the 200 breastroke, by Judy Mathieu who went 28.0 in the 50 free, and Cathy Adams who swam a fast 400 free. The Warriors host Queens here Saturday at two, for what promises to be the most exciting swim meet at home this term.

B3

Burgundy B Bailers V2 East Coop Residence League

Athena Notice

Bl

b-ball

MacKeigan and Mary Kiviste. The girls won 27 out of 30 matches losing only three matches to the Western girls. This year the Athenas have an excellent chance of finishing with top honours both individually, in their rank and the team championship. The doubles teams played extremely well taking all three matches��� from the strong Western girls. The first doubles game was Hunter and Acheson’s defeat of a strong number one doubles team from Western while McDonald and MacKeigan, and Hamilton and Kiviste, the Athenas’ second and third doubles teams defeated their opponents in three games. Total points for the weekend. were: Waterloo 42, Western 38, Guelph 24, Mat 22, Ryerson 9, and WLU 0. The Athenas have one more tournament prior to the Christmas break. They travel to the University of Toronto to compete with U. of T., Queens, York and Ottawa.

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Athena

The Athena Basketball Team gave Guelph a plus two in the OWIAA standings on Tuesday night as they let their opponents steal victory from underneath their noses. The game played in Guelph was a seesaw battle for the first half with both teams matching points ending the half 24-22 in favour of Guelph. Both teams were playing strong defence and cautious offence, probably too cautious on the Athenas’ part, as they failed to take advantageof their fast break, opportunities . In the second half Waterloo explored their one on one opportunities but due to fouls and lack of offensive rebounding they never were able to get more than a four point spread on the opposition. Going into the last minute the Athenas held a three point lead when a foul called against the “home side gave Guelph another two. The Athenas did well bringing the ball up through pressure but once in the scoring end, they could not resist another attempt at two points. The shot missed, but Judy Halaiko was there for the second attempt. Guelph fouled her, but the official called it after the shot, so Judy went to the line for the one and one. Unfortunately, he first shot hit the rim and rebounded to the side where it was fielded by Guelph’s strongest offensive player, Pam Wedd. The Athena defence made an attempt to recover the ball but Pam dribbled her way through and down the court for the last two points, giving Guelph the 48-47 victory. Joan Parker and Vicky Szoke played heads up games ‘for the Athenas. Pat Tathan was top scorer for the Athenas with 16 while Anita Balodis was top for Guelph with 22. The Athenas play again tonight at McMaster and at home Tuesday, November 27, at 8 pm, against Western.

73

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Alufahms Vilage I

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25

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swim

A few new novelty relay races highlighted this year’s meet which offered a total of 19 events. The 25 yd. men’s underwater swim and the 100 yd. flutterboard relay were two of the events introduced but the 100 yd. long sleeve sweatshirt relay remained the most exhaustive. St. Jeromes, fielding a strong 20 member team captured the womens and co-ed divisions of the meet but lost the men’s section to Village 1 South. Although close to 70 people had entered the swim meet, 40 showed up with St. Jeromes, Village 1 South and Optometry contesting as teams. Tick Tan, the only Conrad Grebel entry, took individual honors by winning all three events that he entered. New records were posted in the three co-ed relay races.

! sport Shorts

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The Sport Institute trailer is hidden behind the physical activities building but if you find it by today tomorrow you will be able to tour it. The trailer contains a vast amount of books on all aspects pf sport ’I well as film loops, micro cards and physica/ testing and measuring devices. .

or as


14

friday,

the chevron

never

The caseis st Ever since the Nixon Ad(PNS-CUP) -, ministration took office some five years ago, there has been a steady stream of political trials. According to the government, these trials were initiated to root out dangerous conspirators bent on destroying civil order within the U.S. and weakening its political clout throughout the world-particularly Vietnam. In virtually every case so far, however (the Chicago 8, the Panther 21, and the Pentagon Papers trial, to name a few), juries have seen through the government’s shoddily constructed, and dubious investigative prosecution “techniques”, i.e. agent- provacateurs, paid informers and illegal electronic surveillance. It has cost the movement a great deal of time, and money to defend itself from energy, government attack but it was precisely the movement’s visibility and confrontory role in American politics, its public questioning of government policy, that created the climate for these acquittals. Twenty years ago, in the notoriously silent fifties, another political trial-that of Julius and EthelRosenberg-did not fare so well. On June 19, 1953, the two were electrocuted for sup-

posedly giving

national security secrets to the Russians. Anyone familiar -with the government’s tactics in recent conspiracy trials will recognize the similarities in the Rosenberg case. The following -article, based on a recent interview with Bobby Meeropol, one of the Rosenberg sons, discusses the case and its current developments. *** On June 19,1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg died in the electric chair at Sing Sing prison. Convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage, they were blamed in the press and public opinion for “stealing” the secret of the atomic bomb and turning it over to the Russians. To the end, the Rosenbergs proclaimed their innocence. They left many doubts behind them. Now their protestations of innocence, attacked by famous attorney Louis Nizer in a recent best selling book, are being reaffirmed by their grown children. In his first press interview, 26 year old Robby Meerpol (born Robby Rosenberg) did not mince words. “I am absolutely certain thatmy parents

twenty years “crime of the ce were not guilty of any crime. They were victims of a frame-up that was carried out by the Internal Security Divison of the Justice Department, members of the FBI, and the New York prosecutor’s office.” Robby was only three and his brother Michael seven, when their father Julius was arrested in July, 1950. Less than a month later, their mother, Ethel was taken into custody by FBI agents. Nine months before, President Truman had informed the American public that Russia had exploded its first atom bomb. And in June, the Korean war began with a series of disastrous defeats for the U.S. Shocked Americans were then told that a poor\machinist and his wife were the king-pins in a Russian spy ring which had managed to “steal” America’s greatest “secret”how to make the atom bomb. Lurid press accounts of what the FBI still calls the “crime of the century” were matched by the melodrama of the government’s case. The prosecution claimed that the Rosenberg’s loyalty and allegiance was “not of our country. but that it was to Communism.” Prosecutor Irving Saypol charge2 that the Rosenbergs’ had convinced David Greenglass, Ethel’s younger brother to “play the treacherous role of a modern Benedict Arnold.” Saypol claimed that, through David, a GI technician assigned to the top secret Los Alamos atom bomb project, the Rosenbergs stole “this one weapon that might well hold the key to the survival of this nation and means the peace of the world, the atomic bomb .” The prosecution had no significant physical evidence to back up their case-no spying equipment, no mini-cameras, no code books. Instead, they relied on witnesses like Elizabeth Bently, already well-publicized in the press as an alleged Communist “spy-queen”. She gave testimony on the willingness of “expert” domestic Communists to commit any deed at the bidding of Moscow. Harry Gold, Philadelphia chemist who claimed a long and confusing career as a “soviet courier”, was a key witness. Gold testifies that on June 3, I945 using the recognition signal “I came from Julius”, he contacted David Greenglass in Albuqueruqe, New Mexico. There he picked up a series of sketches from Greenglass (which, the government later claimed, were of the atomic bomb), gave him an envelope with $500 and turned the sketches over to ’ Russian officials in New York City. Finally, David Bnd his wife Ruth (who was named as a co-conspitator but was never indicted or brought to trial) took the stand. In one of the most dramatic and distasteful moments in American courtroom history, Greenglass identified Ethel and Julius Rosenberg as the brains behind his actions. At the sentencing, Judge Irving R. Kaufman ’ accused the Rosenbergs of being solely responsible for the deaths of 50,000 Americans in Korea. After two years of legal struggles, both went to their deaths insisting on their innocence. J. Egar Hoover, Attorney General Herbert Brownell and others joined a “deathwatch” at the Justice Department waiting for either Rosenberg to break and pick up a special phone installedin the death house to name the Communist higherups who allegedly gave them their orders. President Eisenhower stood by in the Whitehouse prepared to grant clem\?ncy . “The hysteria prior to the trail was such that

the government would matter what .“- says Bol not just that they were crime could not have bef no such thing as the set: “In fact, if you go bat read the statements o involved, every one of the saying there there is no secret. Atomic theory i and all that was needed the vast resources to p

“Never change th our innoc .Julius .

l

’ In the years immediat II such political figur Truman warned the Am just a matter of time developed its own bomb had changed. “You have “All it took then was fc there was a secret of the stolen and that my pare: everybody was out ftir “At that time, it purposes for Americans could make an A-born1 secret .” Prominent att -turned a screenplay he Otto Preminger movi2 The Implosion Conspira tised as the final verdici In its 495 pages, Nizer re portTaying them as fan2 mistreated and exploj political ends. He uphc victory for the wh system. The book read 1954 by a member of Despite Nizer’s claims ( going to know as much a the trial as was human1 riddled with errors. It al scenes between major f where no one else co1 (“Julius took a long 1001 own reflection in his lif But far more importa the new evidence dug . might have thrown his c Most startling is his refr and Miriam Schneir’s vitation to an Inquest, T.he Schneirs got thei of the extensive pre-tr Harry Gold (FBI and ot for hundreds fo hours) They found that both v differs significantly for] Harry Gold spins a v stories. Key elements in reference to Julius Ro: --only after David Greer hours of FBI “coaching Among many other


)er 23,

1973

th% chevron

15

ill,a s warning: after, t be Itury” is re-tried. ’ ave won the case no y Meeropol. “And it’s nnocent, but that this commit ted. There was ; of the atomic bomb.” to 1945 and 1946 and the atomic scientists I over and over again is ch thing as an atomic internationally known as the technology and it all together.”

yt

them

! truth of 3-9

we. iosenberg

r following World War as Eisenhower’ and can public that it was ktil the Soviet Union ut by 1950, everything 1 realize,” Robby said somebody to, say that ,om bomb, that it was were responsible, and IO d. ted the government ;hink that nobody else r,iless they stole our / ey, Louis Nizer has rote for an upcoming ,o a bestselling book, The book was adverI the Rosenberg case. evicts the Rosenbergs, s who psychologically I their children for the trial itself as a American judicial s if it were written in ’ ie prosecution team. leep research (,‘I was it the Rosenbergs and ,ossible”), the text is depicts in vivid detail res in the conspiracy have been present. David only to see his is eyes .“) Nizer ignores any of since the trial which lusions into disarray. to respond to Walter 11 known book, In;t published in 1965. u-ids on some records questioning of both agents talked to him d David Greenglass. esses final testimony heir earlier accounts. web of contradictory account , including his Ierg’s name, appear 3s’ arrest and many &ions

they

raise

the

Schneirs throw grave doubts on the authenticity of a hotel registration card used by the govern--ment to nail down Gold’s account of his meeting with Greenglass. On the basis of newly discovered evidence, they assert that the card was an FBI forgery. “I think what happened was they had Harry Gold,” says Robby Meerpol, “Harry Gold was a nonentity who found his calling in life when he started talking. The more attention he got, the ,more stories he made up.‘Well’:Hoover said, ‘the secret of the atomic bomb’s a pretty big thing. You can’t just expect one man to have done it all. It-must have been a conspiracy.’ “And then they ran across David Greenglass, this GI who had evidently stolen some uranium when he worked at the Los Alamos project. Then they discovered that the man had a brother in law involved in radical politics. They put it all together and they started putting pressure on I. people .” With nothing new to add on the case itself, Nizer had instead drawn heavily on the emotional letters Ethel and Julius wrote to each other during the three years they were in virtual solitary confinement. (Some of these letters were published while they were still alive with the copyright and profits going to their children.) “The Rosenberg trial,” Nizer’s book begins, “is not only the most extra-ordinary spy story of the century it is a love story.” By combining the passion of the letters with the plight of the two beleagured young Rosenberg children, Nizer creates an emotional aura which veils his mistreatment of the case itself. Robby, 26, and his brother Michael, 30, too young to help twenty years ago, were not willing to sit by and serve as part of the prosecutions’ case in a retrial of their parents. After their parents’ execution and a move by the state to place them in an orphanage, the two were adopted by the Meeropol family. . “I was aware,” says Robby, “that I was somebody that something extremely unusual had happened to. That it was very awful. That I should be proud of my parents for what they did. That they told the truth and stood up for what they believed in but at the same time it wasn’t something you talked about .” Now growp and married with children of their own, both brothers teach at Western New England College and live in a quiet suburb of Springfield Mass. Until the Nizer book came out, only their families and close friends knew their real identity. Deeply disturbed by the book and what they felt to be a misuse of their parent’s prison letters, they decided to “come out” as-Rosenbergs. They sued Nizer for an infringement of copyright. “We had to sue,” Robby says. “We had no choice. Those letters are virtually the only legacy left to us by our parents. Not only that but it’s the only real speaking in their own defence they ever were really able to do. If those letters are used in a way &at turns them around, then their entire purpose has been perverted .” Through other actions, the Rosenberg children hope to force a genuine reopening of their parents’ case. They are charging publically, for the first time, that Irving Saypol, government prosecutor in the Rosenberg case (and now a judge), Roy Cohn. his assistant (and later an assistant to Joe McCarthy) “and possibly others were guilty of a conspiracy to deny my parents their civil rights, if not a conspiracy to commit murder.

“These two men used perjured testimony and they know it. Harry Gold was constantly changing his story. Also, they put obvious pressure on David Greenglass. The thing which must have gotten him to perjure himself was that they said, ‘You play ball with us and your wife goes free’.” Robby Rosenberg and others, like the Schneirs who have questioned the basis of the case, see a larger governmental purpose behind the trial. The Rosenbergs were arrested just after the start of the Korean war, just after a secret U.S. decision was made to build the hydrogen bomb and massively increase arms spending, and soon after the Russians exploded their own atomic bomb. “They wanted to break them. Make them point their fingers at other innocent people and enlarge the ‘conspiracy’.” The Rosenberg children obviously feel that their parents, “ tried by the times” will be judged differently in post-Watergate America. As Robby points out, “If Pat Gray can destroy files, why couldn’t the FBI forge a hotel card?” In the break-ins, forgeries’, cover ups and other activities u hich the Watergate has brought to light, the R,)senberg children see familiar terrain.

“What the government was saying at that time was, ‘The Communists are everywhere doing terrible things. What we need is more power to combat them.’ They created, right then, what I call the false national security argument. This is where the link- begins with Watergate. “It has this very same justi.fication that has led to all sorts of secrecy, surveillance, and invasions . of people’s privacy. The exact same things that are coming out in Watergate, and the same tactics were used in my parents’ trial, and have been part of a fabric of internal politics which have gone on unchecked for the past twenty years .” He and Michael are planning to take their own version to the public. For one thing, they hope to publish a new and fuller edition of their parents’ death house letters. “The case is still a warning, “Robby says. “I think most Americans don’t realize it, but if the government wants, it can take any American off the street, put that person in jail and give that person an incredibly hard time. That’s something all Americans should think about and realize. That it could happen to any one of them. If you want to look at my parents’ case very clearly, it demonstrates that.” 0,


76

the

friday,

chevron

november

23,

1973

I

--

~classif-ied .\ I ,’

LOST

-FOd SALE

Small gray kitten lost in the area around Austin Drive Please call 884-

7020. Small green packsack with important papers lost November 16, psych 2035. Call Bill 2643 or 743-9643. No questions asked Orange and white striped cat, 8 months, female. Westmount and Old Post Road area. 884-8584. Reward

Typing for students, 742-4689.

Gibson Guitar “Melody Maker” 1960, two Humboken pick-ups, Schaller Pegs, with case. Call Galt l-621-5234.

Will do typing Labeshore

Village. 884-

3466.

Panasonic stereo with component turntable 60 watts peak, phone jacks, automatic power pff from turntable.

Typing of reports

or thesis. W. McKee

HOUSING

RIDE AVAILABLE Going to B.C., help me drive. Leaving December 5. Call Bruce 884-4629. !

TYPING All typing done promptly and efficiently. Call Marion Wright 885-1664.

AVAILABLE

Large double room in townehouse available January. Full use of home and equipment. Call Mrs Wright 8851664. Three bedroom townhouse, furnished to subjet May to September. Pool, hydro, ca/ble, unlimited parking included. Rent negotiable. Phone 884-

5072.

..If you’re looking

Reserve your room now for the summer term. 5 minute walk from either uviversity. Fridge but no cooking, clean, quiet, private entrance. double $10. Some Single $12; available for January 74 also. 204 Lester 884-3629. To sublet mid-december to end of August small furnished winterized cottage in picturesque setting. Just two minutes walk from Grand Hotel, Bridgeport. Only $85 monthly. 743-

or have a VW that needs looking at

4480. Furnished room for female available January. Fridge, stove, separate bath and entrance. Close to university. 576-

0577.,

maa Iook to AUTO-HAUS

Authorired

Double room available January for male. No cooking. Erb and Westmount

J

Volkswagen’Dealu

884-7470

550 Weber St. N. Waterloo Sales-Service-Part, 7he coffee

IS on the house

and we always

have a good deal brewing

Medium

Cool

Shoot the Piano Player/ In a half-thriller, half-parody style, we see how Edward Saroyan, the pianist, becomes Charlie Keller, the piano player, with a suicide and a murder along the way. Directed by Francois Truffaut, starring Charles Aznavour. 1960.

MIDNIGHT SHOWS Nov.

23 & 29

Adrift

Czechoslovakia; Jan Kadar; 1968-1969; B&W; CZECH with English subtitles. A (Czech-American production. Using American, Czech, Yugoslavian, and Hungarian actors. The shooting had to be interrupted for almost a year due to the coming of Tanks and Kadar’s subsequent departure for the U.S. The film concerns love-hate conflicts within a man.

National

containing

Variety and Cuitural Show Nov. 26 The Crystal Palace featuring This will be an evening of poetry and the Perth County Conspiracy

Ray Smith and Steve Nezarella. original music,by a group from

Pots in ttie Park annual Christmas Sale. 10 am-4 pm Waterloo Park. Registration for beginner classes l-3 pm. .Mini market and craft sale. 9-12 pm Church of the Good Shepherd corner of Queen st and Margaret ave, Kitchener. Pub dance with Fast Eddy. Sponsored by Science Society. 8 pm Food Services. Sci Sot $.75; Feds $1; others $1.50. Pub-Coffeehouse with ‘Freefall’. Admission $.75. Free coffee and food. Sponsored by Campus Center Board. 8 pm Campus Center pub area. Federation Flicks: A Doll’s House and The Man with James Earl Jones. 8 pm AL1 16. / SUNDAY Peace meeting with Doctor Walter Klassen. Also Film “The Automated War”. Free admission and refreshments. 8 pm. Federation Flicks: A Doll’s House with Anthony Hopkins and The Man. 8 pm AL116. _ Worship Service at Conrad Grebel College lo:30 am. Speaker John Rempel; topic “Blessed are those who morn”. MONDAY Chess club. 7:30 pm CC135. Circle K Club meeting. 6 pm CC113. Everyone Welcome.

3537.

Sailing dub meeting to determine interest in winter meetings. 6:30 to 7:30 pm PAC1090.

Share accommodation. Two males seeking a third to share a .3 beproom house RR 2, Petersburg. 8 minute drjve from university. Call 745-2170. WANTED

Wanted to sublet for January to April 1974 a 1 bedroom apartment near university. Contact Brian Hughes, 1444 Kelley Lake Road, Sudbury P3E 4L9.

Gay Liberation movement has special monday night events. 8 pm CC113. For more information call ext 2372 or drop into our office CC217c. Watch for our upcoming pub. Jazz Club meeting topic Humor in Jazz by Jack Williams. 8 pm Kitchener Public Library.

Duplicate Bridge open pairs. No experience necessary. Partnerships can be arranged. All bridge players welcome. 7 pm SSo lounge. WEDNESDAY

Small apartment or room for woman co-op student. January 1st. Bath and full kitchen facilities, privacy required.

Computer S&nce Club meeting.‘7 :30 pm MC2065. Professor Manning will give a talk on “Computer Networks”. Coffee and doughnuts. All welcome.

~~ twoc 8848657.

Ski Club MC2066.

general .

meeting.

7

pm

Canadian Peace research and education association meeting. Public invited. 2 pm and 8 pm STS3006. Guests Dr Rapopart and Dr Boulding.

Environmental Studies 358 lecture on Solid waste disposal and related soil problems. Speaker R.N. Farvolden, Department of Earth Sciences, Waterloo. 7 pm BI-271.

FRIDAY Baha’l Fireside pm. Interested?

Village I S8-210 7 :30 .Drop in or call Andy

884-7577.

3 HIGHRISE AND SUPERPROFITS

As the housing crisis worsens, developers’ profits continue to rise faster and higher than their buildings. This contradictory situation has generated a broad opposition from tenants’ and citizens’ groups in Canadian cities.

Highrise and Superprofits clarifies the confusion around the housing crisis and anti-developer struggles from a Marxist perspective. It is the first comprehensive analysis in Canada of the ways in which the development corporations operate. More than just muckraking, this book lays bare the mechanisms at the heart of the development process. In it, the aljthors explore the history and structure of the industry and its links ,with the financial institutions and Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Throughout the book it is argued that the housing question must be seen in the context df the general social crisis, of late capitalism.

Based on their analysis of the contradictions in the present system of urban ‘> land development, the authors critically evaluate the new reform politics and its limitations in the struggle for fundamental social change. They make a strong case for socialist alternatives and indicate the key role which organized tenants will play in this process.

TUESDAY

Couple wants inexpensive furnished accommodation in Ottawa May to September 1974. 745-0980.

GeogrJphy Dephrtment Sem!inar with Dr. Larry Bourne, University of Toronto. SSc355 2 :30 pm.

Film Theatre

Nov. IVAN THE TERRIBLE, part two The sequel to part one, even slower and more sumptuous, some of Prokofiev’s most ,enervating music.

26

West Indian “Fete Fo So”. Band from the West Indies “Cobra” 8 pm Village II great. hall. Admission $2.00.

Large 3 bedroom townhouse, all appliances, Lakeshore Village. $180 monthly. Summer term. Phone 884-

Two double rooms for rent, winter term. Kitchen and laundry facilities, close to university. Male only. Call 8841381.

available

576-0577.

HOUSING

Nov. 23-25 Fri. thru Sun. dir. Haskell Wexler 1969 color restricted A-film about the photographic medium and what personal misery a news photographer can bring on himself by getting involved in what he sees from day to day. Shot in Chicago, 1968. A controversial film. Nov. 27-29 Tues. thru Thurs.

SATURDAY

578-2243.

$200. 576-8435.

PERSONAL Qualified teacher of piano central to downtown Kitchener. Phone 743-5201 Monday to Friday before 4 pm.

essays etc:Phone

Now

Mini market and craft sale. 7-9 pm Church of the Good Shepherd corner of Queen st and Margaret ave, Kit\ chener.

This book is the re-written and expanded edition of “The Developers” study which was originally published in Canadian Dimension in January 1973.

HIGHRISE AND SUPERPROFITS

/

by Graham Barker Jennifer Penney Wally Seccombe

with an introdgction by Leo johnsor,

Environmental Studies 358 lecture on Problems in Northern Development. Speaker G.S. Davies, ManEnvironment Studies, Waterloo. 8:30 pm BI-271.

DUMONT

PRESS GRAPH~X

THURSDAY

97 Victoria Kitchtiner,

St. North, Ontario

Pub Dance sponsored by Science Society. Group is Flight 505.8 pm Food Services. Sci $75; Feds $1; others $1.50.

Federation Flicks: Frenzy by Alfred Hitchcock and The Last Movie by Dennis Hopper. 8 pm AL116.

Federation Flick: A Doll’s House with Claire Bloom and The Man. 8 pm AL1 16.

Canadtan Studies 201 lecture on Views from the Novel by Professor: F. MacRae, English. HUM334 7 pm.

published

available $2.95

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Zappa’s n&w Mothers: harnessed genius

In a little white box Frank Zappa is a sum of messages, I can sell uptown. emotions, visions and perceptions. He is a genius. By myself I wouldn’t Last Sunday night some 3,000 people \ Have no boss, were treated to Zappa & his new Mothers But I’d be raisin’ my lonely performing in the phys-ed building. Dental Floss” Zappa has mellowed a lot since the days Precise yet powerful. Broken guitar when he pranced, farting and crapping, string, a finger to Duke who fills the gap around the stage accompanied by grunts with synthesizer. Zappa picks up again. and squeals from his decadent mothers. $kat singing by Napoleon. Tight absurd His new group is earthy and real; greaseThe bottom provided by lyrics. geared to. ‘playing good and hard. Humphry and Fowler sidesteps the Tom Waits opened the concert with a melodies producing a solid pulse. Break. perverse attempt at folk Binging. He is Bass steps forward. Magic finger twitches being touted by Asylum records as the and Zappa scorches his way through a lonext Randy Newman. After three songs a minute solo. Crashing building eras hing few tomatoes were tossed at the stage. soul rock jazz blues freeform frankie. Waits cut his set: short; dedicated a song Our last song “Dickie’s Such an to “fucking Waterloo” and split. Who’s Asshole”. Mundane lyrics and a chorus we Randy Newman anyway? can all sing. Slow urban blues beat Enter Zappa the true wizzard conductor featuring sax, piano and guitar. Zappa followed by Ruth Underwood (vibes and changes the words in the chorui so bells) and George Duke (keyboards). Then nobody can join in. there are the Fowler brothers Bruce and A well-deserved encore spotlighting a Tom, on trombone avd bass; Ralph new number “Penguin in Bondage” and Humphry and Chester Thompson on the old favorite “King Kong”. drums, and Napoleon on sax, flute and “Zappa’s music is unclassifiable, a jazz vocals. Frank’s bodyguard perches stage instinct harnessed by the Varesian logic of right, puts on some headphones then a power-crazed madman who inhabits crosses his arms. He only removed the the seedy depths of youth culture because headset twice. it’s the only one that would accept him.” you have to twitch” said “Bebop, His music is universally accepted now. Frank,“let’s have some twitchers”. The group returned a month ago after Martin and Linda &ood up started selling out every performance in Sweden, twitching, poor kids couldn’t sit down for Germany, Italy, Amsterdam, Brussels the rest of the night. A simple blues-based ’ and Finland. They will soon be touring boogie beat that wouldn’t quit. A chance Japan and Australia again. for the band to work out individually and The brain police and suzie creamcheese collectively. Get the feel. Zappa jumps in are gone now. There are a few lingering when necessary firing off riffs with speed pelvic thrusts and scattered dirty lyrics. and harnessed energy. followeh. StraightR.hythms lean and smart: infectuous beat, “I’m the slime” no tune. We scratched the surface, there faced. Band punching a little jazzy was much more. Zappa’s a legend and backup. justly so. I am gross and perverted -mart roberts I’m obsessed’n deranged I have existed for years But very little has Changed I am the tool of the Government And industry too , For I am destined to rule And regulate you Frank Zappa as a television set. No longer a prophet. The horrors he was warning us of years ago have taken over at’ last. A trio of songs, “Pinkie Twilight”, “Idiot Bastard Son” and “A Little More “Pinkie’s” a ,vehicle Cheapness Please.” tailor-made for Zappa. A solid bluesbased rocker, guitar soaring through energy levels. Music for Connoiseurs. Compelling and complex. Zappa conducting his orchestra, complete control with one finger. All members watching, anticipating. The other two songs featured UnIt’s nostalgia time again, and sweeping derwood and Duke. Underwood proved to back to the McCarthey era the fun couple be just as competent on vibes as her of the year Streisand and Redford recall husband Ian is on wind instruments. how they carhe to love and then leave to Jazzy, rhythmic bridges of instrumental the accompaniment of invocations of the improvisations on basic riffs. (Husband First Amendment to the American stayed in L.A . with the kids). Constitution. Duke tfeated us to organ, piano, and The Way We Were, now playing at the synthesizer solos. Swirling grooves of Capitol, theatre, covers a period of about black funk. Unique energies meshing, he’ll 15 years, from the depression era through give you all. Conveying his ideas with a& the war to the McCarthy investigations of chords. Communist influence in American life I might be movin’ to Montana sodn with particular interest in the popular Just to raise me a crop of Dental Floss arts. Barbra Streisand p1ay.s Katy , a political Raisin’ it up activist, an admirer of Roosevelt and head Waxen it down

Films

Barbra and , uneasy rider

of. the Young Communist League on campus-concepts which seem a bit contradictory on first glace and even more at odds when examined closely, but this was the time of the United Front after all. Katy tries to rally students to strike in support of the Republican forces in Spain with the same ,fervour that she, later gives to the war effort and fighting McCarthyism. - Streisand’s Katy is in the same mold as the women she played in Funny Girl and What’s Up Dot! brash, pushy and often Although Streisand’s characfunny. terization is basically the same in each, she cannot be criticized very much on that level since she does it so well. And whatever passion there is in this very slick production is because of Streisand-she can convey drive and push because she herself has it. Robert Redford-well, he’s just another pretty face. He can get away with it in this movie because that is what he is supposed to be, but as with mere prettiness anywhere it gets a bit baying. Redford plays Hubbel Garner, the epitome of the WASP, for whom things have always come too easily. He is good at sports, has always had a plentiful supply of beautiful girls, has been blessed with a quick laugh and smile. The redeeming quality as far, as Katy’s interest in Hubbel is concerned, is that as Hubbel wrote in a short story that he realized things were coming too easily. But he doesn’t try to get around it. The first novel flops- the fate of most fir& novelsand the second never gets written. Instead it’s off to Hollywood and the sun and fun life to be a screenwriter. The move is not a sell-out for Hubbel, who was never wholly committed to the dream of writing, but it is to Katy , who perhaps is trying to lead her creative life through him. The move to California is also the beginning of the end for Katy and Hubbel; he fits in well with the easy life of drinks and tennis while she becomes involved with the Hollywood activists fighting the House Un-American ‘ACtivities Committee. In a way, passion and not politics per ‘se is the cause of the parting--Katy cares and Hubbel doesn’t. But mu&h of this is speculation since director Syndey Pollock pays more attention to their gettingtogether than their coming apartadmittedly, it’s more romantic. The only other person worth mentioning in the film is Bradford Dillman, who plays a friend of Hubbel and is also rich and disillusioned. But he and the rest of the cast essentially serve as a background for Streisand. Although Pollock pays close attentions to details - hats, dresses, uniforms - the movie fails to cap&-e any sense of time and movement. The Way We Were has little to do with the anguish /and persecution of people caught up by the committee, and a lot to do in providing a showcase for Streisand. *Ir* Easy Rider, the saga of the sixties, has come full circle in the film now playing at the Fox, Electra Glide in Blue. Hippiedom has come to rest in the Arizona desert and a five foot, four inch cop is the hero on the back of a Harley Davidson. Electric Glide, so rumour has it, is the creation of James William Guercio who m&de a short and was asked by United Artists to turn it into a, feature length film. The attempt is a fairly successful one by Guercio who produced, directed and composed the music for it. Slow-moving at first, the film pays loving attention $0 its characters, John Wintergreen (played by Robert Blake) the motorcyclesop who is the same height as Alan Ladd; his sidekick, Zipper, who reads comic books at the side of the road and dreams of owning his own cycle; the chief homicide detective, who is the stereotypic westerner with Stetson hat, boots and cigar. Wintergreen’s dream is to leave his cycle and boring days of tagging cars and join the prestigious ranks at homicide. He gets his big chance when he correctly guesses ‘that a ,suicide is actually a murder - W intergreen leaves his cycle uniform and dons suit, boots, Stetson and cigar.

november

23,

1973

The situation of the murder gives Guercio ,. the chance to explore the relationship that develops betyeen Wintergreen -and the chief detective who turns out to be a psychotic using his position of power to persecute suspects for his own satisfaction. As Wintergreen gets more deeply into the case he is appalled by the abuse of power by some of the other police-commune dwellers are beaten to make them tell where a murder suspect is. Wintergreen’s days with the detectives do not last long and he’s back with Zipper riding a cycle over hot Arizona highways. The depiction of the life of a cop on the road-the sh,eer boredom and the nothingness of the life-give credibility to ‘their impulse to stop anything on the I highw.ay to relieve the tedium. So, for something to do, Zipper and Wintergreen give chase to a motley looking bunch of cyclists, which naturally contains the murder suspecf. The now mandatory chase’ scene follows and at this point the movie degenerates into narrow escapes, smashed cycles, burning and mangled bodies. Until the chase, Guercio had been amazingly restrained in depicting violence. Unfortunately, he couldn’t hold out a bit longer. ’ Blake (a previous role ,was In Cold Blood) gives a delightful performance as John Wintergreen; he is sensitive, funny and totally believable. Supporting actors Billy (Green) Bush and Mitch Ryan’s performances also add depth to this unpretentious+ movie. Although the plot centres around a murder, that event in it&f is not important. Guercio uses it as a point around which the movie revolves, exploring nuances of the relationships that the police have with each other, the “hippie” community and the people on the road. Guercio, as director, shows a feeling both for people and the Arizona countrysidea relief from more plastic and -more expensive efforts now playing in Kitchener-Waterloo. -deanna

kaufman

Plavs

Moliere and Madeline The Division of Drama and Theatre Arts is presenting Madeline’s Place tonight and Saturday this week and Thursday through Saturday next. It is offered as a studio production in Humanitites 180. The lyrics are a joint effort by the writer-composer team of Paul Roland and ,Mit,a Scott. Additional music is by student music director John Ryrie. Musical .arrangements are by Steve McKernan who is accompanied on drums . by Kevin Droughan. Dan Blasetti and Scott Pragnell share work on guitar. While Madeline’s Place is billed as a new musical drama, it borders on black comedy. In comedy there is always a final renewal of hope for the future: the lovers resolve their problems and families are recpnciled. There is the unspoken promise of spring to come. The misfits are cast off or resolve to come into the main stream of society. In Madeline’s Place the lovers are reconciled but are cast out. The odd-ball “family” come together again into a renewal of disorder. Thre is no promise of spring and no hope for a resurgence of life. The promise is of winter with no hope for the future. Though Madeline sings of love and friendship in the finale it is a ma&bre, distorted, crippling kind of love leading not into the future, but anchored in the present and fixed on the past. The sweetness of the melody line is deceptive, much as the sweetness of Madeline is deceptive. The characters jn Madeline’s*Place are remarkable not for their uniqueness but because so many of them come together in


a-single house. Over a long period of time they have headquac&red at Madeline’s; they use her to exist. Madeline in turn, for all her sweetness and light feeds off their defects and weaknesses. Madeline’s “family” are either misfits or highly individualistic members of society, They are content to live and let live, satisfied with their need to have a place to hang their hat. By Tuesday evening the cast had overcome the excitement and uncertainty of breaking in a new show. For several it was their first stage appearance and for most their first singing acting role. The entire cast played with verve and enthusiasm. Each habitue’ of Madeline’s place was clearly delineated and contributed to the production as a whole. There were many good moments when timing was excellent and instant mood changes occurred. Judith Cave11 handled Madeline, the sixty-year-old do-gooder well. Linda Gordon as the ingenue has a fine voice for musical comedy; she needs to relax and enjoy her role more. Steve Hilton as the juvenile lead shows real promise. Bob Ouelette becomes more resourceful with each role he undertakes. He handled a demanding role with skill though more strength in his singing would be . welcome. His role within a role was a very amusing take-off. The use of Humanities 180 gives a studio-theatre setting which commands total involvement of cast and audience. Every inch of space was used and the logistics of moving so many players around a large bronstone was wellhandled. The setting was created as much - by the design of the programmes and posters as by the set itself. The audience had a sense of place long before they took their seats. The simple skeletal set was representational but totally believable by the time the show opened. The music is very pleasant and &era1 of the show tunes will linger with you long after the show is over. The production staff was mostly the The large cast doing double duty. technical aspects of the show were wellexecuted and singling out one aspect of it for praise is difficult. The over-riding effect of the production was one of good teamwork and enthusiastic student particpation. Tickets to the performances are free and may be obtained by calling the division of drama in Humanities. Seating is limited to 60 persons. Call extension 3730 for a reservation. You are reminded that the show is not suitable for children and certain aspects of the dialogue used by the down-and-out characters may be offensive to some. / *Ir* France’s Le Treteau de Paris gave two performances Monday of Moliere’s L’Avare in the Humanities Theatre. This very fine production played to large, responsive audiences. It was good ensemble playing and it was Moliere in the seventeenth-century tradition. Canadian companies playing in French usually give us Moliere as a farce and play for belly laughs. The temptation is always great to do this and it takes consummate skill on the part of the actors to practise restraint. This company then has chosen to follow Moliere’s own instructions, “When you paint men, you must paint after nature. . you have done nothing, if you do not make us recognize the people of your day. but. . . you must wrote in a social be merry .” Moliere context and used the stage as a corrective medium.‘There is more to L’Avare than a mere romp. Harpagon, the father, for all that he is a miser and subject to Moliere’s ridicule, never becomes a caricature. He remains a real person whose vice becomes serious as a real threat to real people. The plot line is thin and there is a double burden on the young lovers of the sub-plot to establish the seriousness of the play. This was extremely well-handled. The irrelevant comic episodes reflecting the influences of the Commedia dell’ Arte on Moliere are therefore much more subdued in this interpretation. The comic scenes worked beautifully and are no less to be admired because they brought chuckles instead of robust laughs.

The company played in curtains with -a bare minimum of-set pieces to represent walls and passages. The fun piece was the gigantic safe where Harpagon didn’t keep his money. Unfortunately for some of the audience much of the subtle by-play in the comic scenes was best experienced from centre front. The extreme side sections of the audience lost much of the actbrs”nuances in these scenes as they took place with the actors facing down front centre. Both performances were thoroughly enjoyable, but a better location the second time around was much appreciated. -irene

price

Records

Classical gas-es While classical music devotees will surely object to an analogy between opera and the contemporary “glitter rock” pheno-menon, both forms represent an attempt to infuse theatricality and drama into the intrinsically dull situation of watching people perform music. No doubt efforts at creating visual impact for each have often been primitive and thoroughly unsatisfying, because the very different talents of the composer and the playwright, and the musician and the actor, are seldom found in the same person. Despite the inadequacy of such a simple-minded approach to viable “mixed media”, the opera continues to be both an extremely popular, as well as a potentially very rewarding, musical form, for reasons which two new recordings of Hector Berlioz’s Benvenuto Cellini (Phillips 6707 019) and Richard Strauss’s Arabella (Richmond SRS 63522) help to demonstrate. The 19th century opera, of which Benvenuto Cellini is one of the highwater marks. emphasized dramatic set piecesarias, ensembles and choruses which meshed together more or less well, but could easily _ be performed as discrete works-with the exception of a few mavericks such as Richard Wagner, who treated opera as an unendingly melodic, more symphonic form. In -the 20th century. however, composers such as Janacek and Berg introduced a vocal line very close to speech, with song reserved only for climactic moments / of the plot and with the orchestra commenting on character and situation. The 19th century variants have certainly retained the highest favour with audiences, however, as a glance ‘at the annual program of any major opera company will confirm, and a consideration of some of the characteristics of Benvenuto Cellini helps to illustrate why. On first hearing, one is simply swept along by the incredible momentum of its festive scenes, particularly the stupendous “Mardi Gras” that ends the first act. Subsequent listenings result in a growing appreciation of the intense lyricism of Berlioz’s quieter writing, and of the extraordinary range of sounds which he brings out at a variety of dynamic levels. His vocal writing is so stunning that intellectual reservations concerning the fragmented and episodic story line are completely forgotten in a flood of musical poetry, and the libretto becomes superfluous with the realization~ that one is listening to a sound rather than “words plus music”. The performance on this recording is led by Colin Davis who in conjunction with the BBC Symphony has become the foremost contemporary interpreter of Berlioz’s music. His work here is impeccable, and he has been graced with the prescence of an all French-speaking cast

who contribute both authenticity and verve to the proceedings; with the exception of Nicolai Gedda and Hugues Cuenod, none are very well known, but they prove to be just right for the task at hand. Although this is a very expensive recording (four Lps) it is certainly one worth a few weeks of spaghetti and peanut butter, not least because you won’t find much to match it at any price. The Straus Arabella is in fact a reissue, on a “budget” label, of an opera which was good value on a higher-priced album. This work is arguably Strauss’s finest in this musical form, resulting partly from the development of his relationship with librettist Hugo von Hoffmannsthal and partly from his greater ease with material lighter than the psychological turgidity and Schrechlichkeit of Salome or Elektra. Arabella has an easy, conversational flow to it greatly enhanced by some of Strauss’s most fluent melodic writing, and a sense of mature craftsmanship pervades throughout. Creorg Solti leads the Vienna Philharmonic in this performance, another case of a sensible matching of performers and composer, and a prestigious international cast is largely excellent in the vocal parts. Lisa Della Casa’s “Arabella” is one of those ravishing efforts which makes you want to invent new words for genius, and she is well partnered by Hilde Gueden and Eberhard Wachter in other major roles. The sole disappointment is the contribution of George London, whose “Mandryka” is much too assertive and even pompous for his- supposedly equivocal nouveau rieche character; his part is beautifully sung, however, and a failed characterization or two is so typical of operatic performances that it would be pointless to harp on this one. Both of these operas appear on labels distributed by London Records, a company whose releases are so uniformly excellent. in terms of both performance and production, that it comes close to being a “brand name” for classical ,music fans. One of the most valuable and carefully thought out recording projects of the London group is the Telefunken label’s release -of the complete Bach cantatas performed with original instruments and orchestrations, on a series which has currently reached seven volumes (Telefunken SKW l-7). These albums include texts, translations, and illuminating commentary, are sonically and musically nearly faultless, and will certainly be collectors items in the future. Some other noteworthy releases either produced or distributed by London which have come to my attention are: the absolutely delicious Complete Piano Trios of Robert and Clara Schumann (Phillips 6700.051) by the Beaux Arts Trio, the apotheosis of late Romantic chamber music: a “budget” reissue of J.S. Bach’s Suites l-5 for Orchestra (Fontana 6549.500-01) by the Pro Arte Orchestra of Munich conducted by Kurt Redel, competitive at any price but a steal at this one: Stoyka Milanova’s virtousic traversal of Prokofiev’s Concertos No. 1 & 2 for Violin (Select C .C.-15.082)) which also introduces a very capable East European ensemble, the Bulgarian Radio -& Television Symphony Orchestra; an engaging Schumann Recital by pianist Alicia de Larrocha (London CS 6749)) including the magnificent “Kreisleriana; ” and, finally,- an album (Phillips 6500.283) featuring one of my favorite keyboard artists. Alfred Brendel, accompanied by one of the world’s finest chamber orchestras, that of the Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields conducted by Neville Marriner, in predictably choice performances of Mozart’s Piano Concertos K. 459 and K. 488. Not a bad apple in the lot,

and that’s rather incredible when you compare it with the high garbage/riches ratio of contemporary rock releases. And when you consider that London issues an extensive> “budget” catalogue on labels such as Fontana, Richmond, Stereo Treasury, and Ace of Clubs, you might want to devote some thought to your record buying habits in terms of “quid pro -pad stuewe quo.;’ ***

J.S. Bach, The Variations for Harpsichord, Igor Kipnis, Angel SB-3796. A prolonged set of variations is perhaps as much of a test of a listener as of composer or performer. In this double set are 30 variations on one aria, the ‘Goldberg Variations’ and 10 variations on a theme inspired by an Italian concerto, the ‘Variations in the Italian Style’. As is the recent trend, Kipnis has foregone the usual practice of rock steady tempos to allow the music a fuller emotional expression. This approach works well in the slower and simpler variation and in the opening aria but it does not bear as much fruit in some of the others. During several of the more complex passages it &unds suspiciously like slowing down for the hard parts and speeding up during the slow ones. Nonetheless the blistering yet effortless pace at which the livelier variations are taken eliminates any doubts of Kipnis’ prowess and leaves only squabbles about interpretation. The recording itself is most unusual, being very close and realistic sounding, yet not close enough to pick up any annoying mechanical noise. The instrument used is a modern 2manual modelled after but not copied from instruments contemporary with Bach, 36, if authentic sound is your bag this set may not be for you but otherwise a worthy addition welcome for its completeness of content as well as good sound. Romeo & Juliet, the Complete Score by Prokofiev. London Symphony Or&. cond. Andre Previn. The durable tale of Romeo and Juliet has seen many alterations in its 500-year history but none so strange as when transformed into a ballet by Sergei Prokofiev in the mid ’30s. Needless to say, the work bears no trace of the original medieva Italian locale and further it has been stripped of virually all the romanticism usually associated with it. The general mood is sombre, rising with the main themes to lively. The use of brass is heavy and with the winds they carry the greater bulk of the melodies forming the backbone of the work, leaving the strings for the livelier sections nd for accentuation. The completeness of the score has the disadvantage of allowing several of the lesser themes to drag on a bit too long but this is more than balanced by displaying the brighter sections which, are usually lumped together in the ballet suite, against the proper background. This acts to their advantage similar to gemstones which in proper settings are enhanced in appearance over loose stones in a pile. This 3-record set, the second in a possible series of famous ballet scores is avery full and satisfying work appropriately recorded. Previn seems to have full control of the pacing and emphases thereby bringing out a performance that will be hard to beat. Some advice however: Angel’s new high price places this set somewhere over $36 in price. This can be beaten by waiting a month or so until it is no longer classed as a new release and thus is subject to the almost monthly sales of Angel being staged by Sam’s and A&As in Toronto at 82.99-m .50. -pete

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I C.anadiana for Christmas McClelland and Stewart, “The Canadian Publishers”, have just released a spate of Canadian literature, just in time for the holiday dollars. Herewith our comments.

-Sex and Death, 1973, Stewart, paperback. 1

Al Purdy, McClelland & $6.95 cloth, $3.50

Al Purdy is one of the Canadian poets, right? And good old McClelland and self -proclaimed the Stewart are the Canadian publishers, right? Then a new book of Al Purdy poems published by M&S must be the thing to get, right? Well, Sex and Death may be something but it’s not good poetry, and the political and social insights contained here -are too *often embarasingly shallow. Purdy is undoubtedly one of the most selfindulgent “poets” publishing on the commerical market today. Having 11 collections of poetry behind him-plus Canadian editing some prestigious creditshe seems to have arrived at that fatal point where an artist feels that everything topical around him’ deserves nay, demands-his particluar gift of insight. So here we have it: The deathless words of Al Purdy on the death of -Robert Kenndy, the kidnapping and death of Pierre LaPorte, the invocation of the War female liberation, the Measures Act, the Vietnam war, Cambodian war, Hiroshima, his trip to Greece (at the market, in his apartment, on the streets, as a tourist, etc.) and other burning issues of our time. If only his insights weren’t so third-rate this sort of approach and pretentious, would not be entirely invalid but sample this musing when Purdy comes upon the Buddhist Bell in Hiroshima: “I think of the bell as an air-raid warning: the bomb bay doors are open the pilot makes a 158 degree right turn and heads back for home base having obeyed orders like Eichmann or Lt. Calley . . . ” At times, his lack of self-censorship leads to appallingly romantic masturin Namu, bation such as in “Depression B.C., which says, in full: “The eagle’s passage sings there crossing the sky on a high wire salmon leap to find their other selves black bear amble to breakfast at the river the sun floats thru a blue notch in the hills There was never a time * I did not know about such a place to match the imagined place in my mind -but I have lived too long somewhere else and beauty bores me without the slight ache of ugliness that makes me want to change things knowing it’s impossible” leap to find their Really, now. “salmon other selves” ? Is Purdy into bargainbasement phenomenology? And “beauty bores me” etc? Beauty just can’t be as boring as Purdy’s banal comments, no matter how lived somwhere else. If long you’ve someone puts out $6.95 for this collection of trivialities, I hope their friends are sufficiently impressed at seeing it on the coffee table to make the purchase worth the price, ‘cause there’s very little inside’. -g.s.

kaufman

Inside Shadows; D.M. Clark, McClelland & Stewart, 1973, $6.95, 106 pages. This first book from Clark is a fine one. The story-line has all the obvious pitfalls ‘but he has avoided them all. It is the recollection, certainly not in tranquillity, of a man who, praying for a map to his country uncovers the treasure map to himself. By defining who he is, he faces what he was, knowing that he may never be. Winter had settled into his soul long before it settled onto the trees and valleys of the mountains. Between the trees, a hunter wanders; lost in the winter wastes of British Columbia. But the stark terror. clutching at his heart is because of his thoughts, the vision of--a past he’s trapped in, more than his present plight. There are visions of a bear he’s seen; fantasies of sex and violence; bitter memories of an overbearing woman, and of his father hanging from a barn beam. Things he might have done- things he might still do to those he loves. These are the shadows that move inside his mind. He’s not sure that he can go on. Not sure he wants to. Now, in the face of his desperation, he undergoes the trial that tests his will to live. It is the last great adventure, the last time to feel truly “alive”. And pitted against nature and against himself, in the snow and bitter cold of the mountain, he endures. Clark has written: ‘ ‘Writing comes easy sometimes. It’s like Henry- Miller said it could be at times. You feels as though you’re only the medium to pass along the message. The scenes, characters, words, and actions just pass through your body on their way to the paper. They come from somewhere else and you’re just thankful they do. . . . Someday you might completely dry up and it’ll be all over. All those stored memories, ‘all those emotions felt and imagined, will be gone. Then you’ll sit down at the table to write and go slowly mad. Because if you ‘can’t write, this seems to be the only alternative.” For the sake of theCanadian novel, let’s hope that Clark stays this side of the alternative. Inside Shadows is a treat -for this season. The Carbon Copy, Anthony Brennin, McClelland & Stewart, 1973, $7.95, 216pages.

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Another first novel. This one is not so clean. Too many skins peeled away from the story. The author, an academic, is too precise and clinical about his subject, also madness. “The book is designed as an assault on the complacent assumptions of western democracies that they are immune from the savage chaos of the world ‘out there’outside our comfortable asylum. . . . Being locked in a windowless cell is a fate that can befall societies as well as individuals.” . No quarrel so far. Clark’s strength is that he avoids definitions; he does not have the scholar’s need to put it all down on paper. The story asks for an answer to one of two questions. Is Harry Carbon, a hunted terrorist leader, or a madman lost in paranoid fantasies? Trapped in a nightmare landscape, a man awakens one morning no longer knowing who or- where he is. His search

becomes a surrealistic journey inside the hero’s head, leaving the reader to wonder if this is the adventure of a madman or is his nightmare the reality which we, in our conviction of sanity, refuse to admit? Groping for clues, Carbon moves across his landscape, the object of a relentless manhunt in an alien country. Amid scenes of war, desolation and torture, a room that seems to be everywhere, keys that open strange doors, the scapegoftt ritual reaches its climax, teasing our imagination with its hallucinatory vividness. The novel does go on too much but the problems it raises will reverberate in the reader’s mind long after he has pursued the mystery to its bizarre conclusion.

A Woman of Her Age Jack Ludwig, . McClelland & Stewart, 1973, $7.95, 197. The cover ) jacket of, this new novel exaggerates the place of Ludwig in the history of Canadian novelists. It states that: “Jack Ludwig has made a sign ificant contribution to the literature of this cbuntry. He has been represented in every major anthology of Canadian fiction in the last ten years and his worknovels and short stories alike:is highly regarded in both the U.S. and Canada.” Not so. But his output has been impressive. Ludwig began writing when he was nine years old and edited many different newspapers and magazines while in highschool and university. He was born in Winnipeg in 1922 but most of his claims to fame have come from across the border. He recieved a PH .D. in English literature

from U.C .L.A. in 1953. He then taught at Williams College in Williamstown, Mass., Bard College, and the University of Minnesota (where with Saul Bellow he founded the literary review The Noble Savage) and then he went on to become the Chairman of the Humanities Section of the Harvard University International Seminar from 1963 through 1966. His sidekick for those years was Henry Kissinger. He was brought back to Canada though in 1968 to be the writer in residence at the University of Toronto. Now he teaches at the State University of New York, Graduate Centre at Stoney Brook. He and his family live in Roslyn, New York. Canada’a hold on this creative writer is indeed tenuous. His first novel Confusions was published in 1963. In this satiric novel the hero is a not-so-innocent, shining light into the modern world% dark depressed places. A-second novel Above Ground in 1968, challenges the fashionable idea of man as victim in society and literature. It is the story of a young Don Juan in the arms of women whom he needs to keep him “above ground”. His last book Hockey Night in Moscow,

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published in the fall by McClelland & Stewart was consistently well-reviewed by sports writers and literary critics alike. His newest book A Woman of Her Age is also winning applause in the critical circle. It is undoubtedly a major novel. The question is how much of him Canadians can claim as their own. This book is about the different -perspectives of a woman’s experiences as she goes through life. It is, in places, a powerful and imaginative work. Jack Ludwig strikes through to the essence of contemporary existence with a diverse collection of people, (Doba, Barney, Shirley, _ Maxie, Neville, Sidney, and Tutti) , whose lives are inescapably bound together. Ribald, witty and frequently intensely moving prose contrasts the style of life in the wealthy Westmount district of Montreal with the colourful (and nar far removed, except on the social scale) polyglot area known as the Main. To some a study of Jewish classstructure in Montreal, to others this will strike as a confirmation that life remains a constant and varies only in style-the novel is rich, erotic, and full of startling insights especially into what D.H. Lawrence dared to distinguish as passion and appetite and desire. -A Woman of Her Age will reconfirm the author’s reputation as one of the finest creative writers in North America today. But is he Canadian? In every sense of the word, I think not.

Wake of the Great Sealers, text by Farley Mowat, prints and drawings by David McClelland & Stewart, 1973, $16.95, 160 pages.

Blackwood,

This is a big book with many pictures and with a chatty running prose which we have come to expect from Mowat. It is a slick book, an impressive one, and an expensive one. It is too big for a shelf; it just fits on the coffee-table. One wonders if. . . The R.omantic writers were always looking for a poetic subject and Farley seems to be dragging our seas again looking for grist for his mill. This time it is seals. The book is a tribute to the sealers rather than the seals though. The memorial is one carved from words and drawn from paints. The stories are real, the men are real, only Mowat with his fictional technique of narration remains a fantasy. And this is the book’s problem. Mowat’s shadow doesn’t even appear and the results are impressionistic, and somewhat disjointed. Mowat would be better if he had intruded’ here. (I never thought I would live to write that statement about Mowat but in this case it would have helped had we had Farley as the real narrator, which of course, he is.) The book reads authentically and the diction captured by Mowat is superb and very Newfoundland. “The Lard’s God’s” and “blessin’ on yer name!” seem right for , the first time in my experience. The sealers’ story is the tale of the ancient Canadian rites of passage, the coming to manhood of young boys. David Blackwood, fresh from a long line of the real thing gives us drawings that are primitive in technique but forceful in power. The landscape and this foreign breed of men (to us warm and smug in Ontario) and we should be thankful. breed of men whose certainty and hardihood. whose courage and tenacity, linked them more closely to the ancestors of our species than to ourselves. They were one with nameless and longforgotten beings to whose essential qualities we owe our dominance. They were essential Man.” They were us. And it is to Mowat and Blackwood that we owe this fragment of our tradition. Together they present an intense experience of man in contest with the elements, at the mercy of storm and ice. yet undaunted, proud, prevailing. -bucky

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Reaction to a “Intelligecce’T Series

The articles run in -previous weeks on science and racism have set off a groundswell of academic response. Herewith is the second of two letters by philosophy prof Jan Narveson responding to the Bill Wadge/Denis Higgs articles on race and IQ. ~ Having commented on the second article, I would like to express some reactions to the first and third of the Wadge-Higgs series on - race and intelligence. In the case of the first article, the main thing to say is that it seems to consist mainly of miscellaneous smear tactics. The third is much more interesting, and my question fs whether the evidence they adduce proves what they want it to prove. In general, the conclusions they appear to want to prove seem to me implausible in themselves, for one reason or another They actually go so far as to say that the I .Q. tests were “rigged to show the rich to to be be smart, and. . . to show minorities ‘dumb’.” They also suggest, or at least the editors who put the subtitle on the article appears to think they suggest, that what the tests test is compliance with authority and membership in the wealthy classesin general, satisfaction with the status quo. Against this, a few of what I undG%‘tand to be general, and some other specific, facts may be adduced. In the first place, if the tests were “rigged against minorities”, then they didn’t do a very good job; for I have been told by competent psychologists, who indicated that it was common knowledge, that Jews and members of the yellow race in North America do almost as much better than whites as whites do than blacks.[ l] Do Wadge and Higgs have any comments on this matter? In the second place, practically every genius-level I .Q. person I have ever known-quite a few, since my dormitory at the University of Chicago was packed with them-was practically a compulsive rebel with hardly any respect for authority, they were socialists practically to ( a man, and hardly any of them were the -sons-of the rich.(Middleclass, yes: or do Wadge and Higgs want to include the middle class in their definition or ‘rich’? If so, they should say so.) I expect it’s also true, though again I don’t personally have a lot of hard-core on the subject, that the evidence correlation between real wealth and intelligence isn’t what you’d expect on the hypothesis that the tests. were literally “rigged” to show that the rich are the smart. [ 21 It was common opinion at Harvard, for example, that in order to get into Harvard College, you had to be either rich or smart; the (comparatively) poor scholarship kids were invariably brighter than the rich. Also that the first-rate minds went to the graduates schools in arts and sciences, while the second .-raters went to the bu siness shcool; bright businessmen were usually thought of as “bright, considering that they were only businessmen.” My recollection is that these impressions were backed up by scores in IQ tests, though admittedly I don’t have any definite knowledge on the subject. But then I don’t notice Wadge and Higgs going into these matters. Analysis of the boxed questions in their third article sheds, I think some further light on their inferences about biassing of the tests. It is certainly true that some of these questions show chat the people who made the tests were not themselves terribly intelligent: the example about work and play, for instance, is rather stupid, since the ‘low’ answer is on the whole more plausible than the ‘high’ answer.

But with regard to the others, Wadge and Higgs’ inferences merely from the general character of the question seem to me utterly naive. Any intelligent child, however little his respect for authority, knows perfectly well that the meaning of the term ‘authority’-which is what the question is about please note-has more to do with responsibility than with ‘taking things that don’t belong to them’ [3]; or that the reason why people elect senators is that they hope to get more responsible goverment that way, whatever may be the actual outcome; or that if you’re on your way to a place and think you might be late the “thing to do” is hurry; etc. You don’t have to give a damn about authority or about school, or about the US senate, to see that those are the right answers (or more nearly right)than the opposite. One example of this is afforded by a chap I knew in high school who had, according to the guidance counsellor who administered the tests, one of the two or three highest IQ’s in the school; that chap had no respect whatsoever for any authority I ever knew about, except possibly that of the top local pool shark. Needless to say, he also came from a middle-to-lower-middle class family. Wadge and Higgs will no doubt reply that they are talking abut mass phenomena, and that isolated exceptions don’t matter. Apart from the fact that the whole class of the very rich as compared with the whole class of professional p’eople in North America, not to mention the class of Jews and Chinese, can hardly be said to be “isolated”, I also,want to reply that that reply would be questionbegging. They are trying to prove by looking at the questions that the questions bias the test in favor of the rich and the white. Their method of doing so is to make naive inferences from the subject-matter of the question. My method of denying this is by pointing out that anybody who understood the meaning of the questions at all and was reasonably intelligent could see, except in the case of the ‘work’ and ‘play’ question, that the “high IQ” answer was indeed the better answer, and I’d be surprised if that didn’t include very Wadge and Higgs themselves. But the fact that these are the better answers, and that one would suppose that whatever intelligence is, it -ought to have something to do with the ability to spot better, as opposed to worse answers seems not be regarded by them as relevant[4]. Or do they actually deny it? If so, I propose to test the matter by taking a poor, rebellious and black young man with a high IQ and asking him blind which of the answers in those questions he thought was the better. I’ll bet he’d be less biased than Wadge and Higgs![5] One thing that can be agreed on is this: the tests are biased in favor of verbal abilities and education. [6] Now, is this necessarily a bad thing? That is hard to say indeed. The question, what is intelligence?\, is not an easy one to answer. But it is worth considering’ whether IQ tests are not reasonably valid if they are applied to people with similar educational backgrounds, for instance? It may be admitted that motivational differences are a problem. But I have the impression that the differential performance between yellow, white and black races continue to, hold up and even widen when they are exposed to many years of very similar education. I am told this is true; Wadge and Higgs do not go into the question [7]. They im-ply that they think it wouldn’t be true by citing one extremely specialized case having to do with black students who were given a SEED course which improved their score to normal. The fact that

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the test in question may test only a ‘ ‘narr’ow and easily-acquired mathematical-type I skill” practically makes it pointless in this context; for the kinds of reasoning ability and verbal abilities which are main components of IQ tests cannot by any stretch of the imagination be said to be “easily acquired”. All in all, the reasoning and facts cited by Higgs and Wadge do not seem to me to come within much more than a country mile or so of proving what they say it proves. But the real doubt comes in when we consider what it is that they think is at issue. According to them, IQ tests are rigged to prove the “alleged inferiority” of the poor and minorities. What, we should ask do they mean by ‘inferiority ‘?[ 81 The general tenor of their articles strongly suggest that they think that it is the moral equality of the races which is at stake here, and that that is why it is so important to show that the races are equal in intelligence. Now, it is typical of bright young college professors, I suppose, to equate intelligence with virtue. But it is a tendency which ought to be rooted out. Racists are people who think that certain races of people are morally inferior: that they do not deserve to be equal rights, or treated with given common respect and decency. Though I am sure that Higgs and Wadge do not realize this, I want to point out that their articles strongly suggest that they are themselves not exactly “racist”, but what one might call “intelligentsists”: they appear to think that unintelligent people really are inferior .[ 91. Now this, as I pointed out in my first article, is where the fallacy lies. It is a mistake to think that or anything like it. But for the same reason, of course, it is a mistake to have a messianic attitude toward questions of the .correlation of intelligence with race. Intelligence is no doubt a desirable property, at least in some ways; but it is not an entitlement to virtue or special rights. I don’t see how it can be ruled out a priori - which is so far as I can see, precisely how Higgs and Wadge have done it-that some races of mankind are, on the average, somewhat more or less intelligent than others, any more than it can be ruled out a priori, what is obviously true in fact, that some individuals are more intelligent than others. Why does all ’ this matter so much? [lo] I suppose that if, as Plato and Aristotle, and perhaps Wadge (?) think, the

essential purpose ’ of mankind is to ‘do philosophy and higher mathematics, then it would matter a a lot. But since we are now, one would hope, mature enough to have done with that absurdity, perhaps one can similarly hope for enough maturity on the,part of investigators and commentators to take a bit of the moral steam out of this issue. At very least, it ought to go some way to relieve the rash of intemperate namecalling which would be out of order even in a far better reasoned critique than HiggsWadge effort appears to be to date. Wadge and Higgs chose to answer Narveson point by point. Here are their comments: 1. We clearly defined “minorities” to be “Blacks, Indians, Mexican-Americans”. In the 1920’s, the same IQ tests were used to show the mental ‘inferiority’ of Slavic, Mediterranean and Jewish im migrants, and to obtain the passage of more restrictive immigration laws. 2. Jensen himself provides evidence in his HER article (p. 15-16). IQ correlates with social status and salary, but poorly with job performance. 3. What would it mean to a child whose brother was taken away to reform school by the authorities? 4. Better in what sense? 5. Another Stanford-Binet question: “What is the meaning of ‘You can’t judge a book by its cover’?“. Answers: “You can’t tell how a person is by the way he acts” and “Don’t judge people by their clumsiness outside” Which is better? 6. To be precise, middle class verbal abilities and education. 7. Told by whom? There is an increasing number of studies showing the contrary. See The Fallacy of IQ edited by Carl Senna. 8. Jensen et al are clearly talking about intellectual inferiority. No one mentioned “moral equality”, whatever that may be. 9. It is Jensen, not us, who has been labelling groups as inferior. 10. Jensen’s theories matter because they are being used to justify education cutbacks, and “eugenic foresight”; not to mention Banfield’s concentration camps and Shockley’s sterilization plan. In his last letter Prof. Narveson suggested that there be a comment from the psychology department on the issues we have raised. We agree, especially since certain members of this department appear to be teaching that IQ scores imply racial differences in intelligence.

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McMas ter University Faculty of Business

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Terminal education

Modern technology can serve to provide powerful tools for education, . says chevron writer Fred Bunting in this article. The same technology may also be employed for more sinister’ means... . Man first became a thinking animal when he learned to treat objects outside himself as extensions of himself. When man crawled out of the caves, picked up a piece of bone, recognized it (perhaps unconsciously) as an extension of himself which could increase his striking power, and then proceeded to use it as a weapon, he had created a tool. He has continued to create tools to increase his control over his environment ever since. At first it went slowly; man devised simple tools which augmented his own natural strengths. As time passed he discovered more and more things that could be used to make jobs easier for him. Gradually his tools became more and more complex, performing ever more complex tasks. Beginning in the late eighteenth century with the emergence of the steam on a campaign of engine, man started technological discovery unprecedented in human history. This trend has in two centuries given us the basis for a type of society much different from any gone:. before. The X-ray, the radio, the corn-. bustion engine, the telephone, powered flight, and the theory of relativity-all developed during the late nineteenth and very early twentieth cnetury - are the basis for the technology we have to@qyq: The advent of the machine age has.. resulted in more and better communications between people throughout the world. It is now possible to place a telephone call almost anywhere in the world; we can hear and see things. happening on the other side of the globe almost as they happen. Through the use of the computer man is attempting to create an extension of his mind. Today we can store incredible amounts of knowldege and make calculations which years ago would have taken lifetimes. Machines are invading every segment of our society and it is not surprising that somebody somewhere would attempt to invent a mechanical teacher. It is not possible, however, to replace human teachers with machines. It is possible to use a machine as an instructional aid. In 1959 at the University of Illinois,

\ research was started on the development of such a device. A researcher by the name of Donald L. Bitzer has been instrumental in developing this concept into a reality. In the December 1972 Cerl Report ‘X37, Don Bitzer, Bruce Arne Sherwood and Paul Tenczar stated the, problems and goals of developing a computer-based educational aid in these ,terms: l The need for an adequate terminal for student use. The common teletype is not adequat e in ed uca tion - a graphical display terminal is required a device which can rapidly +display line drawings, graphs and pictures. *The need for adequate computing power. A weak computer may only retrieve stored

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The teachings of Pltito

questions and recognize stereotyped responses. To go beyond this simple “teaching machine”’ funciton requires enough computing power to generate displays and problems and to recognize open-ended responses. It must be possible for good teachers to author materials without requiring the services of expert computer programmers. This implies the need for a suitable author&& language ‘:::,:’ :; and system. .... :, l The cost of.,icomputer-bas&;$ducation must become f&lower than &.&as been. .. Typical costs hav&been several,&$ars per

properties. of the screen ,$self , the ihake need only be transmitted’onee, after *hi&h it maintains itself. The..$$oblem with &is unit is that it is ver$y ‘difficult to ;&&se parts of the image ,o& ‘the display &$een without affecting the whole picture,.’ This function is a necessary o& for educational purposes in that ‘it is necessary to erase selected portions of the screen without disturbing the rest of the picture, in order to erase wrong answers and insert the correct response, to to animate a given figure by erasing the image and recreating it at another point on the screen and thus creating the illusion of motion. There were also problems with the long time necessary to erase the whole. screen coupled with frequent maintenance adjustments. The third, and as it turned out successful, alternative was a totally new kind of screen based on a totally different concept. Called the “plasma display panel”, this screen consists of two clear glass plates covered with transparent conductors. I’he conductors are arranged in a 512 by j12 matrix which totals approximately )ne quarter of a million. points with a *esolution f 2.4 points per millimetre on m eight- s nd-a-half by eight-and-a-half rich screen. The screen is perfectly flat md thus is free of the optical distortions If a television screen. Neon gas is confined letween the two glass plates of :onductors. By sending a charge to the :onductors on the rear plate the conluctors or combinations th&reof can, be nade to produce points of light in the lesired patterns in much the same way as 1 household fluorescent light. The arrangement of the conductors in a

512 by 512 matrix lends itself nicely to addressing by a digital computer and since the conductors are either on or off depending on thesignal generated in the computer programme any display image is extremely easy to maintain and allows graphic displays which were previously available only at great expense. i Because of,jtthe design of the screen !there are cer@m advantages to it besides l.he obviou$$ne of being able to better :‘;display gr#@ics and computer-generated !$+imation;,~ ,@i”ce the d&play screen ‘is transpar&&~ it is po+@le to project ,*ages $&$$i_, e screen,@@n a slide projector ,w,hich ,,,~~~,c~~trolle~.~~~~.~~ synch pulse -fr.om j i&e c$r&i$ ter . Q&e :,$he image hag :%een ‘&oj,e$-$e$~~ it i?::f po$ible to s,up&mpose ‘&@e$ ~r$’ cl#%x$iks by a&v@ing the i$#$u~t$r~$n a,.$$edete&&@ pattern so @&; ~.@i$’ “c&J;& tip& &I’illustrate the g@& . j ;.:;&:.~ ‘: ,$-“‘.;,: ,,,,;j?.:~i.~’ ;..~_:;: ; :....,.

“~~&ent~~~i has .::. ‘_F;.~~~~~~~~,:;lcolri’puting $~~-<;,‘&@$TJ &g _,.h&jle the &&d’ .;Ear ‘$omputer. re$ponses,.on “more than just a multi&& &hoi& basis”‘: .A,,weak system is of l&tle $dvan@e, and is not much cheaper tl#n & powe@ul,system. It is,Only through a powerful and $lexible system therefore, th$t @e comptiter, can justify iti costs. A .,, uniquely simple author language kno%n as TUTOR:$.has been developed, which. lets professors. program their own less&s without the.‘$elp of professional progr&nmers. It is simple enough to allow the author to stop at any point in the lesson and test it from the stand point of a student, yet flexible enough that the author can tailor the lesson to handle open-ended student responses, answers which may not be totally correct, or answers which may be correct but ,not exactly the same as the response logged in the programme as correct. This type of programming makes full use of the new technology involved in PlatoIV. A new method of operation where each instruction to the computer is run immediately as a job saves so much time that the number of terminals which can be run at once is in the hundreds instead of the tens. When operated on a subscription basis this can lower the cost of the facility to about fifty cents per student hour per terminal. I Universities in North America are exploring the possibility of acquiring the Plato IV terminal to be used as a teaching aid. The University of Waterloo has already acquired as ,Plato terminal and is sharing a direct line to the computing system at the University of Illinois ,with the University of Toronto. Although nothing will replace the human mstructor there are several functions which the Plato terminal can serve at a high school and college level. The Plato IV system is perfectly designed to take the place of the teacher in the case of drills, be they language or mathematical in nature. It

can also keep track of what areas the. individual student is having problems with so that a human teacher can check with the computer and see what kinds of problems were constantly being answered incorrectly and then give the student personal assistance with that concept. The Plato IV system or its predecessors could do away with the need for expensive laboratories. In biology, for instance, the I computer can simulate’ accurately an experiment in genetics with ten generations of fruit flies in under an hour. At the present time this experiment requires lab experiment requires lab equipment and several months of time just waiting for the experiment to proceed. This feat can be duplicated in most of the other sciences as well so that the student doesn’t have-to waste his time in the lab learning basics. For younger children Plato IV has a variety of programmes which centre around games and in turn teach basic concepts in math, physics, chemistry, language and computer programming. Nor is there any reason why these programmes should be limited to just students. With the cost of the display panel at around three hundred dollars, a subscription fee similar to that which many people pay for cable TV and an operating cost of between twenty and fifty .@nts per student hour per terminal there ‘is no reason why this could not become a standards item in every household in the near future. In the privacy of your home at your own spe:ed many inhibitions about learning %vouldbe removed and people might learn instead of vegetating in front of a television. There is also the possibility that these terminals could take the place of the telephone with the ad-dition of an audio device. ?l’he display screens can be routed :through the computer and allow for twoway manipulation of any image from two different terminals. Since the screens are infrared sensitive written documents could be sent through the computer by pressing them against the display panel and having the computer sense the minute temperature difference between the white paper and the black letters. A copy function could then be added to the keyboard at the other terminal and copies of the document made from the transmitted image. News bulletins could be added at various periods during the day and by calling upon a special code one could keep up with news as it happens.

There is a snag in this whole set-up. With the potential for communications that are inherent in this system there is plenty of room for “big brother”. With everything being processed througha computer it would not be hard to maintain surveillance on anyone. As we all know there is a tendecy in governments to employ eavesdropping devices at one time or another, and if our imagined system was to exist it would almost haveto fall prey to this kind of misuse. Too bad even the best of things have two sides. Plato IV can be and is an excellent device for a computer-based educational aid but if _it progresses further than that then it could be used for far different purposes. c?

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The National -Farmers lhiofi and Kraftco The following letter from the National Farmers Union outlines the history of both the union and its continued fight against Kraftco for the right of collective bargaining. That Kraftco is one ofi the largest of the food industry giants, and that as a corporation it has succeeded in exerting almost unchallenged control over distribution of dairy products, the united action of both farmers and consumers seems a natural phenomenon. The boycott being promoted by the NFU and consumer groups across Canada is the result of the recognition of the commonality of interest in opposition to Krafts monopoly position.

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The public boycott of Kraftco products has been in effect now for over two years. At this time, we feel it is important to ceview the stated aim of the boycott, and the achievements, developments and responses observed through boycott activity. T,he N.F.U. believes that farmers will obtain justice in the present only: economic system by having the recognized right to collectively bargain. We propose a collective bargaining procedure that would allow farmers to democratically control the terms and conditions under which they produce food and fibre, and earn an income from the sale of their products. As part of our campaign to win these improvements for dairy farmers in Ontario, we approached the Carnation Company, Borden’s and Kraftco, July 22, 1971. We told them that N.F.U. officers would like to meet with them to discuss the matter of negotiating process for milk prices. Carnation and Borden’s both agreed to meet us at a mutually acpresident Greenceptable time. Kraft’s wood wouldn’t even take the phone call. On July 28th and 29th N.F.U. men and women picketed Kraft’s Ingleside plant. The picketing action was called off after a price increase based on $1.15 per cwt. for cheddar cheese milk was announced. Immediately following the picketing action, a mass meeting of 1,000 people from dairy farms in Eastern Ontario decided to pursue the principle of the N .F .U. becoming collective bargaining

agent for dairy producers. Again, Kraftco refused to meet with the N .F.U. to discuss matters of mutual concern. All of these events led directly to the calling of the boycott of Kraftco products August 19, 1971. The stated aim of the boycott is that we would like Kraftco to meet with the N .F.U. to discuss procedures which would give dairy farmers effective bargaining rights through the N.F.U.Hraftco is one of the largest food marketing corporations in the world. They are the dominant force in the dairy products market in Nor’th America. From their near monopoly position Kraft controls the price both to the consumer and the producer. They represent almost every aspect of a huge multi-national corporation that is large enough and diverse enough to virtually control the food industry at both ends. They can have vast influence on prices for raw commodities and can virtually set the prices for retail goods. We strongly feel that the boycott has exerted an effective influence against the gigantic marketing strength and advertising resources at Kraftco’s command. In a unique way, it has shown the general public that there is no recognition of the farmers right to collectively bargain with those he supplies his product. And, it is this fact of having to take what is given by the food corporations that has resulted in a net decline of Canadians living on farms by 470,800 or 24% between 19661971 and a reduction of 64,000 farm units during that same period. The producer’s gross share of the consumer food dollar has declined from 60 % in 1949 to 37% in 1971. I The boycott has also. shown ctins’imers that they too are at the mercy of food corporations. That they must accept the price listed on the product. That food processing profits in the first three months of 1973 were up 54% over profits of the year before and at the same time food costs have risen 50% since 1961 for I the consumer. We sincerely appreciate the great amount of voluntary work done by people in spreading the word about the boycott, being involved in informational picketing actions at retail stores, and actively working on rural/urban boycott committees. These people have represented a truly broad-based grouping of unionists, students, native peoples, coI housewives,

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operative and community group representatives, teachers, pensioners, etc. We are pleased that the boycott has become an alliance of so many interests. The continued boycott aitivity has produced concrete results: l To date, we have received public endorsement of the boycott from over 130 organizations or ind iv iduals representing organizations such as trade unions, community groups, religious groups, cooperative organizations, women, students, political parties, etc. l The boycott provoked the House of Commons agriculture committee to discuss corporate control in the dairy industry in which it was substantiated that three to five large dairycorporations control about 60% of Canada’s dairy industry. l Direct pressure has been put on various governments to actively support the boycott. The Manitoba government responded to grassroots protestby halting negotiations with Kraftco for the joint development of a 15 million vegetable oil processing plant. In B.C. the Minister of Health ordered Kraft out of all institutions under his care. In many universities across Canada, students and faculty members were quite successful in getting Kraft products out of the cafeterias and off campus. It is now possible to get legitimate alternatives to Kraftco products in many retail storeswhich until recently were totally saturated with KrSft brand foods. There is real evidence to indicate that consumers are much more conscientious about the products they buy. Their “individual” boycott of heavily advertised Kraft processed and convenience food has been a major factor in Kraft feeling the direct effects of the boycott, and alternatives to Kraft products showing up on the store shelves. l There h&s been a noticeable increase in Kraftco advertising. They have concentrated c on very slick, highly sophisticatedsoft-sell advertising that protrays them as the consumer’s friend. But, even some of their propaganda has gone flat. Kraft, a year ago, was fined $5,000 for false advertising and the Judge said Kraft “treated Canadians like imbeciles .” Kraftco has certainly felt the effects of the boycott. At one time, they figured on us not being able to pursue the boycott for an extended period of time, but to quote


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Financial Times, “Kraft has a problem that time-as it once might have hoped. may’ not care”. Over the -last two years the Kraft Boycott has become a rallying point for those concerned about monopoly and oligopoly control of the food industry, the quality of processed and convenience foods, and American corporate intrusion into the Canadian economy. People see the boycott as an attempt to strike an ongoing alliance between the urban consumer and rural producer and to demonstrate that both are victims in a corporate controlled food industry. We feel this identifies who is really the culprit in the food industry, and serves as the real political threat against the exploitive power of the huge food corporations. A measure of the success of the boycott has been the attacks waged on it by Kraftco and their cronies: Instead of directly responding to the boycott, Kraftco has consistently used other groups such as the National Dairy Council, Dairy Farmers of Canada, and the Ontario Milk Marketing Board as a buffer between themselves and us. The National Dairy Council has charged -. N.F.U. and boycott supporters as being “illegal, immoral and un-Canadian”. The National Dairy i Council is the trade association for the dairy processorsKraftco, Aults, Beatrice, Granby Co-op, etc.-in short, the compames club of the dairy industry. Their latest response to the boycott wasa direct motion of support for Kraftco formally included in the minutes of a meeting held April 18, 1973 i which said “President John Jackson expressed concern over the long-time political aspirations of the N.F.U.: that Kraftco was merely one means to an end; that the council should oppose the N.F.U. vigorously and provide support to Kraftco and Sealtest as required and requested”. R.J. Greenwood, president of Kraft Foods of Canada is a director of the National . Dairy Council. Both the OMMB and DFC have said the boycott is irresponsible. The DFC, which the OMMB is a member, went so far as to circulate a twenty-page document obviously designed to give the impression that the Dairy Farmers of Canada is the true spokesman for Canada’s dairy farmers, that the N .F.U. does not represent the thinking of grassroots dairy farmers, and that the grassroots do not support the boycott of Kraftco. It’s interesting to note that the DFC is tied into organizations linked to Kraftco which have a vested interest in defeating the N .F.U .‘s boycott of Kraft products. The president of Dairy Farmers of Canada, Roland Pigeon, is also president of the Co-operative Federee de Quebec-and a director of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. One of Co-op Federee’s wealthiest and most prominent members is Cooperative Agricole de Granby . Co-operative Agricole de Granby is closely tied to Kraftco, selling its total production of‘ cheese to Kraftco. It produces 80 % of the cheese in Quebec. Granby is possibly Kraftco’s largest single supplier of cheese in Canada. Cooperative Agricole de Granby also holds a directorship on the National Dairy Council of Canada. A final attack launched by the establishment of the dairy industry is that we are somehow against orderly marketing and there is now bargaining in the industry. We are strongly in favor of collective bargaining through an orderly marketing system. We approve of the establishment of a government appointed commission handling all milk marketed within a province and indeed, within Canada. But with this commission should be the establishment by institutional means of effective collective bargaining procedures

for farmers. When farmers have an orderly marketing system that does not mean they also have collective bargaining. ’ That point was aptly illustrated when the price of fluid milk announced by the OMMB on January 1, 1973 of 57 cents was cut back to 35 cents by the Ontario Milk Commission, precisely the amount the p_rocessors (Kraft, Aults, etc.) asked it to be cut in an appeal to the OMC,of the amount first announced by the OMMB. We in the N .F.U. believe the elaborate structure of milk committees, elections, etc., surrounding the OMMB, however well intentioned misleads the farmers into thinking they have bargaining power when in fact they do not. By law, the OMMB is subordinate to the government appointed OMC. This is supposedly justified in order to protect the legitimate interests of the public. What trade union would tolerate such supervision at the bargaining table? How can there be effective collective bargaining power when there isn’t even a real bargaining process and clearly defined sides, just an amorphous body like the OMMB? : How can there be collective bargaining when the producers don’t even get a chance to accept or reject OMMB decisions but are expected to take the OMMB recommendations subject to approval by the OMC without question. The decision-making and coordinating structure of the OMMB has made it possible for Kraftco to buy out small plants for the purposes of obtaining their milk quotas thereby securing for Kraftco a growing monopoly position over processing a‘nd production. OMMB regulations work in favor of the huge multi-national multi-purpose processors. George McLaughlin, chairman of OMMB stated June 6th that he is not -at all concerned about foreign domination of the Canadian dairy industry by large multi-national corporations. These policies and practices have caused the elimination of over 300 independent and co-operative dairy processing plants and thousands of dairy farmers in Ontario. There are 216 dairy processing plants left in Ontario of these 42 are cheese plants. Economic and social conditions continue to deteriorate dramatically in rural Canada. Dairy farmers are caught in a cost/price squeezehigh costs and low return are squeezing existing farmers out of production. Feed prices have jumped fantastica‘lly . Soybean oil meal that sold for $6.01 cwt. in Ontario in February 1972 sold for $11.56 cwt. in February 1973. And, between 1971-72 the price of milk used in cheddar cheese decreased yet the price to the consumer continued to rise. Farmers and consumers can not tolerate the existing situation. Boycott activities will continue and expand across Canada. In the immediate future an accelerated public education program on a mass basis will be launched to inform people about developments with the Kraft Boycott, control of the food industry in Canada, and how they as urban and rural consumers can resist present trends. Our first goal is to minimize the amount of Kraft food stuffs used by retail stores across this land. This is absolutely necessary in forcing Kraftco to negotiate in good faith with farmers. A breakthrough with Kraftco will establish a precedent for farmers and consumers all over Canada. It will demonstrate that people have the power to fight back, to establish the right of farmers to collectively bargain, and the consumers right to buy food at a fair price and of good quality. We hope that you will continue to give the boycott your support. Roy Atkinson President, NFU

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member: canadian umversity press (CUP) and Ontario weekly newspaper association (OWWA). The chevron is typeset by dumont press graphix and published- by the federation of students, incorporated, university of Waterloo. Content is the responsibil’ity of the chevron staff; independent of the federation. Offices are located in the campus centre; phone (519) 885-1660,885-1661 or university local 2331.

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After hobnobbing with the good liberals of the area and then not getting started on the paper till midnight we still rna,naged with alot of help from our friends to bring this special deluxe issue of the chevron to your door. we were eric robinson, paul sharpe, terry redvers, mihail‘murgoci, liscris, don ballanger, tony jenkins, Chris bechtal, deanna kaufman, paul stuelwe, pete smith, irene price, mart roberts, george kaufman, david cavanaugh, mel rotman, chuck, dudley Paul, john keyes, linda lounsberry, harvey kleinberg, nancy greaves, Carlyle, louise blakely, john buckburrough, margie Wolfe, john mot-t-is, alain pratte, fred bunting, nick savage and Susan johnson. only one more month till Christmas.

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-Woinen at UW: gross inequalities

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The President’s Advisory Committee on Equal Rights for Women and Men, which was established in October, 1972, published its findings this week. In addition to disclosing the shocking facts that women are lower-paid than men on campus and have virtually no representation in the decision-making bodies of this university, the committees brought forth 26 recommendations-the most immediate of which is to establish yet another committee, [this time perAdvisory manent] called President’s Committee on Equal Rights for Women d and Men [PACER]. . Following is the introduction of the committee’s report and the 26 recommendations. *** /-

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The Committee has worked on the assumption that it is the University’s goal to provide equality of opportunity to women and men. Our investigations and the recommendations which arise from them must be read in that light. There is one fact which becomes very apparent, and which overrides in importance any other which we have observed about the position of women and men at this University: women are very sparsely represented in certain categories and in others, not at all. For instance, there are no female undergraduate students in either Electrical Engineering or Applied Mathematics and no female Ph.D.students in History, Civil Engineering, Systems Design . and Management Science. On the faculty level, the lack of representation of women becomes even more apparent. There are no full-time female faculty members in Architecture, Biology, Chemical Engineering, \ Civil Engineering, Combinatorics and Optimization, Earth Sciences, Economics, Electrical Engineering, History, Management Science, Man-Environment, Mechanical Engineering, Optometry, Political Science, Recreation and Religious Studies. In other words, in 17 departments which have a total of 370 regular not a single woman faculty positions, holds one of them. Overall, 37 of the 699 , full-time, regular faculty positions held at the University of Waterloo are held by women. This is just over 5.3 %, At the staff level, women are virtually absent in high level administrative positions. _ ,A second observation -which was of great importance to this Committee was that, by whatever _ criterion chosen, women, as a group, make less money than - men as a group. This is especially true at the staff level where women are crowded in the low-paying categories. We found this to be a problem of such major proportions that we decided to recommend the establishment of a special task force which should investigate this uneven , distribution of the sexes within the staff ranks. Overall, we found enough inexplicable differences between women and men at this University to warrant the establishment of a permanent committee on equal rights for women and men. Throughout the report we shall periodically refer to this proposed committee as PACER Advisory Committee on (President’s Equal Rights for Women and Men). Details of the proposed functions of such a committee are outlined in the concluding recommendations. Recommendation 1: That the University reaffirm its commitment to attract qualified students of both sexes to the University and that special efforts be made to attract applicants of both sexes into university

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programmes which they do not currently consider because of traditional male /female orientations. Those faculties which do not currently attractfemale students, e.g. Engineering and Science, should review their current recruitment practices and develop programmes to recruit female undergraduate and graduate students. Such programmes are to be reviewed . by PACER. All special programmes for the‘ recruitment of students into programmes which are currently sex-stereotyped should receive academic and financial support from the University. R.ecommendation 2: That writers and producers of publicity material explicitly encourage female students to enter all those fields which have traditionally been regarded as male oriented. In wording the invitations they should take particular care to avoid remarks which could be regarded as patronizing , derogatory or illegal. Recommendation 3: That the Counselling Centre establish a programme to encourage females and males to enter career areas in which they are currently poorly represented (such as women in engineering, science, etc. and men in female-dominated _job areas. R,ecommendation 4: That faculty members be reminded by the Dean of their Faculty at the beginning of each term of the important need to encourage qualified women enter into the honours programme* and to engage in advanced studies. Undergcaduate --advisors should also be reminded to query all clearly qualified students in the general programme about their reasons for not engaging in honours studies and, if feasible, to encourage such students to transfer into the honours programmes. Recommendation 5: That the co-ordination Department be requested to establish appropriate policies and guidelines for complying with the Equal Employment Opportunities Act, and present a timetable for implementation of such policies and guidelines to PACER. Recommendation 6: That the University continue to promote individuals of high ability to higher paying classifications. Special attention should be be given to the apparent difficulty in the transition from grade 8 to grade 9. R.ecom&endation 7: That a Task Forceon Equal Opportunities for Staff be established as a sub.committee of PACER which should concern itself especially with the following: a. a study of the congruity between job content of the positions included in the different salary scales and remuneration; b. An assessment of the adequacy or inadequacy of current job classifications, including jobs which fall with the collective bargaining unit. c. an investigation of mechanisms which would enablequalifiable women to progress to higher paying jobs; d. an investigation of the starting salaries of men and women in equivalent positions and recommendation of mechanisms for equalizing the pay scales for all persons performing similar functions regardless of the sex of the incumbent, ‘The Task Force should be entitled to make policy recommendations regarding all of these areas of investigation. Recommendation 8: That every effort be made ments within the University

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qualified females to higher ranking positions within the University when such positions are available and that documentation of such efforts be made available to PACER for review. Recommendation 9: That all departments who currently do not employ any, or only a very low percentage of women in full-time faculty positions make efforts to hire women in their department whenever they have a postion to fill. Documentation of such effort should be delivered to PACER on an ongoing basis. Recommendation 10: That all Deans compare past appointment letters of the female faculty within their Faculty with those of male faculty members with comparable qualifications at the time of their appointment,concerning salary and rank. If inexplicable disparities are found, they should be rectified immediately and retroactively. In addition, all future appointment letters should be carefully scrutinized for sex differences with respect to salary and rank. The results of the examination of appointment letters \ should be .past discussed at a meeting of the Executive Council in 1973. Recommendation 11: That applicants for positions who feel they have not been appointed solely on the basis of their being married to a present employee, be given a chance to appeal a negative decision through address to PACER or its designate. R.ecommendation 12 : That the University subsidize on-campus day care to a greater degree than it does at present. This would include the provision of a centre that is fully equipped to deal with infants under the -age of two and which has a graduatedfee schedule in which the amount to be paid by the parents would be determined by the family income. The deficit would be made up from University revenues. R.ecommendation 13: That every effort should be made by those who appoint, nominate or elect members to various advisory bodies or posts to ensure increased female representation, especially at the senior levels. It is suggested that for a period of time, all vacancies which wherever possible, arise on committees or councils be filled by qualified female representatives. R.ecommendation 14: That benefits under the Long Term Disability Plan be payable for all illnesses or disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth or miscarriage. R.ecommendation 15: That all new employees be given the chance to choose a supplementary sickness and accident plan which covers the employee and his/her family for the total period of employment. ) R.ecommendation 16: That all females who were members of the pension plan prior to January 1, 1969 be granted the option of not retiring until they are 68. R.ecommendation 17 : That the language utilized in presenting the group life insurance plan be changed so that it is not offensive to either sex. Recommendation 18: That employee contributions to OHIP be equalized for all persons. If there is no other way of obtaining extra money to cover the additional cost to the University, the premiums should be raised for everyone, so that the burden no longer falls on a particular group, but is shared by all who participate in the plan. K.ecommendation 19: That a pregnant woman who has been employed continuously by the University for at least one year have the option of (a) electing the current arrangement of unpaid maternity leave, or (b) receiving the equivalent of her current salary during her maternity leave. In the latter case, she

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will have to agree that her unemployment cheques will be endorsed to the University. The difference between her regular salary and the unemployment payments. will be made up by the University as an additional maternity benefit. This latter benefit is a debt that will be annulled after two years of continuous employment after delivery. If the employee leaves the University before the end of the two year period; she will have to pay back that portion of the benefit that has not yet been annulled on a pro-rated basis. Recommendation 20: That {an expectant or recent father receive a paid paternity leave of three days, provided he has. been continuously employed by the University for at least one year. In addition, longer periods of unpaid paternity leave should be granted ypon request. R.ecommendation -2 1: That whenever new documentation is produced, existing documentation updated or existing forms restocked, the language of such documents be phrased in such a way as to include both sexes. In all university documentation, position titles should be neutered, so as to indicate that sex is irrelevant. When the incumbent of a position is being discussed the proper sex can be indicated in the title. Mowever, when the position itself is being described, the titles should remain sexually neutral. R.ecommendation 22 : That all current sex-specific references in University material should either be phrased in some neuter manner such as “the student” or include both sexes by using such phrases as “he/she”. PACER should monitor the progress of this language substitution. Recommendation 23: That all departments critically examine those courses that are currently being offered with respect to their pertinence to women and men and that changes be instituted where such pertinence is missing’ in the overall programme. Reports on such departmental efforts should be made periodically by the department heads or their appointed delegates to PACER. Recommendation 24 : That a permanent PACER committee be established which will be concerned with all matters pertaining to sex inequality. The following responsibilities should be given to PACER immediately upon its inception : a. the monitoring of the creation of special university programmes to attract female students; b. the continuous review of all printed materials within the University with respect to applicability to both sexes; c. the monitoring of efforts of the Counselling Centre and the Co-ordination Department to change their programmes in accordance with- the recommendations made in this report; d. the monitoring of the efforts of administrative and academic departments to recruit and promote women; e. the establishment of a Task Force on Equal Opportunities for Staff; f. the establishment -of a mechanism to arbitrate grievances of members of the University community who feel that they, have been denied equality on the basis of sex: g. the monitoring of departmental efforts to achieve a balance as far as relevance to both sexes is concerned in their course offerings. Recommendation 25: That every current employee, and each new applicant for or appointee to a position at the University, be given a short written description of PACER’s terms of reference and the mechanisms for contacting the Committee after its establishment. Recommendation 26: That this report be published and made avaiable for distribution upon request; and that every staff and faculty member receive a copy of it.

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1973-74_v14,n20_Chevron