K-W poor people “There is need for a union of poor people in this community.” This was the working conclusion reached by a group of people who met Saturday afternoon in the Waterloo collegiate auditorium. Alex Bonde, who is a member of a similar union in Vancouver spoke to the group about the possibility and need for such an organiza tion. “The major problem faced by people living in poverty”, said Bonde, “is that everyone believes that poor people are poor because they deserve to be poor. Anyone not living in poverty thinks that those who do are lazy, shiftless and stupid. The educational system propogates an attitude toward the poor very similar to racism. ” Bonde continued, “these attitudes are false. Our economic system has never been able to provide enough jobs for all employable working people. Unemployed workers are just as much a part of our system as employed workers. ” Bonde added that it is not only
to form u union
outside in the able . - working january cold snap. The hours were seven till five with no pay for lunch or coffee breaks and the pay was $1.50 an hour. Needless to say the job was not unionized. This person was single and managed to get by on what he was making. However, he reported that many of the peop!e he was working with were married with families and were required to support their families from these wages. The concensus reached at the meeting on Saturday was that the people present could see the need and the possibility of beginning an organization of people living in poverty. It was agreed that the next step involves making contact with more people in the area who are out of work either on welfare, workmans compensation, or unemployment insurance, (11,000 people have been layed-off in the twin cities in the last three weeks and there are no jobs available from manpower).
the unemployed who are living in poverty. Many people are underemployed or receive minimum wages from bosses who have successfully broken or avoided attempts to organize unions. These people have as much trouble buying food, clothing, electricity, rent and transportation as do people on welfare. Many of these people work long hours in extremely poor working conditions and feel that it is their fault they are not ‘making it’. They too are victims of the attitudes propagated by our system. One person who attended the meeting on Saturday explained that he could not get a job through manpower. He went to apply for welfare when he ran out of money and the welfare department sent him out to a job with Teperman’s, a local demolition firm. The job was working on a crew which was tearing down Wilson Hall at Lutheran university. The working conditions were dangerous and extremely miser-
THUNDER BAY (CUP)-Lakehead University students last friday suspended their univer. sity-wide class boycott after two days in favor of attempting arbitration with their administration over the firing of sociology professor Victor Wightman. At a meeting thursday night, organizers approximately 60 agreed to end the student protest, and announced they would attempt to meet with the Lakehead administration by no later than this friday, to discuss on arbitration board to handle Wightman’s case. s The sociology professor was dismissed by the university admin-
istration on the recommendation of sociology and anthropology chairman Cecil French, who declared that most faculty in his department agreed with the action.
Later investigation proved that faculty had not been consulted in the firing decision, and that a majority would have extended Wightman’s contract at the university.
TORONTO (Special )-The po- litical economy -course union at the University of Toronto, in a meeting last tuesday, made two decisions that are likely to bring them into head-on collision with the faculty of that department. They rejected as null and void the appointment of Stephan Dupre to the chairmanship of their department. Dupre’s acceptance of the position -came as a surprise to the student union since they were not even aware that he had been offered the chairmanship. , They also made a committment to fight for the concept of
parallel structures within the department. They objected to Dupre as chairman for the following reasons : l the faculty at large was not consulted. l the students were not consulted at all. l Dupre is a continentalist who is insensitive to the question of Canadian nationalism. @ Dupre was Simon Fraser University administration president Kenneth Strand’s representative to the Canadian Association of University Teachers investigation of last year’s SFU
crisis which culminated in the smashing of the democratic structures of the political science, sociology and anthropology department. Dupre is also opposed to the student demands for a democratized department and opposed to the limitations of the administration president’s powers. In a U of T bulletin Dupre was quoted as saying that he was concerned about the general treatment given to the presidency in both the university government report and the Campbell committee report on disciplinary procedures. As he read
the reports, he said the references to the presidency had aroused him “like a fire bell in the night”. The reports would strip the president of the right to appoint, promote, and dismiss, yet there were sound historical reasons for making this the responsibility of an individual, who should be the president. Dupre was selected for the position by a committee which was appointed by arts and science dean Albert Allen. The appointed committee made its selection in camera and kept no minutes. Allen said that he had deliberately packed the apppinted committee with administrators because the political economy department in the faculty of arts and science. ’ Consensus of the student union was that their move would provide the initial impetus for mobilization of students for a struggle over ,the question of hiring and firing. Faculty response to the question of parallel structures is expected to be negative, as the system provides for mutual veto between faculty and students on all questions of importance, including hiring and firing. Course union president Peter .’ Hall raised the questions before the meeting of the council of the faculty of arts and science last Wednesday. He also drafted a letter to the faculty of the department FC-’ questing a reply to the questions of parallel structures and select ion of the departmental chairman. A meeting has been (~1i~~d t’o~. next week to consid(\r t htl t’;j(+ response.
George Haggar and Fred Thompson have been invited to come to the University of Waterloo as guest speakers in the College of Integrated Studies. Unofficial confirmation of their coming has been made by both of them. Haggar is the political science professor who has been fired from two universities in the last two years. His position at Waterloo is his first at a university since he was released from
It is expected that he will arrive on campus sometime this week to begin a series of talks on Canadian political and social theory. Fred Thompson is a ‘IO-year-old Canadian (he was born in New Brunswick) who now works in Chicago. He has been involved in labour problems for many years, and currently sits on
The Creative Arts Board of the Federation of students and Black Friars Department of English co-operatively present in repertory Shakespeaie’s HAMLET directed by Mita Scott, and TO~JI Stoppard’s ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN ARE DEAD directed by Maurice ivans.
the executive of the Industrial Workers on the-world. Despite the fact that he has only a grade eight education, he is extremely well-versed in political science, sociology, economics and philosophy. He has also written a book, ,The history of the IWW. Thompson will likely visit Waterloo during the second week in March and is expected to speak on labour history and labour relations.
Southern University in New Orleans in the spring of 1968.
CHICAGO (CUPI)-US vicepresident Spiro Agnew thursday attacked colleges and universities which are now admitting minority groups on the basis of quotas rather than aptitude for learning. strange madness,” BY “some Agnew said, some educators now believe that the “exigencies of society” demand that attendance at universities should be determined by ethnic or racial quotas rather than solely by an applicants ability to learn or teach. Agnew was the guest at a 100
ROSENCRANTZAND GUlLDENSTERN ARE DEAD ’
universities many US universities are now opening their doors to “unand brown qualified’ ’ black students-the result of countless student protests against racial inequities in the education SYStern. “When next you are sick, do YOU wish to be attended by a physician who entered medical school to fill a quota, or because of his medical apitude?” Agnew asked. “When next you build a house, do you want an architect selected for school by aptitude or by Quota?”
dollar-per-plate republican dinner honoring the birthday of Abraham. Lincoln. His speech was greeted with cheers by the 2,000 people in the audience. Agnew, often termed the man who keeps the rest of the United States praying for the good health of US president Richard Nixon, denounced as “supercilious sophisticates” those who now advocate “open admissions” at universities. Agnew did not single out any college or university as an exbut ample for his criticism,
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to exist. “Since I haven’t been on it, I don’t know. I hope to find out after I’ve been on it for a while.” he stated. Doerwald agrees with Burko’s platform because “I don’t think the council should give guidance and rule on the thoughts of the students”. He cites council’s ruling on strippers and beauty contests as an example of what he means. “A substantial number of people did not want this done.” he said. He admits to having been involved very little in the past. However, he said, “I look upon this as a step in gaining experience. ” “Since we should be basically a service organization, I would just like to find out what engineers like and try to get that done.” Doerwald said that the acclamations for council is “an indication of its irrelevancy or an indication of apathy common in a large number of groups of people. I’ll find out which when I get there.”
Peter Tanner, eng lB, decided to run for council because “I like the idea of being on student council and agree with Larry Burko’s ideas”. “Also, Tom Boughner (who is currently an engineering rep on council) said why not and I couldn’t think of any reason why not.” Tanner may well be the type of sandboxer that Burko is looking for on his council. He has helped run ‘Spec 9 pubs for St. Paul’s College and is in charge of an engsoc pub. He feels that the political involvement of the federation should be decreased because “It’s very hard to have a political body representing students with 25 representatives.” However, he does not ‘feel that student government should be abolished. “The federation has a lot of money to spend and we must have somebody deciding where the money is to go.” Tanner hopes to represent engineers by “going around and Karl Doerwald trying to get them involved.” Commenting on the large number of acclamations, he said, “It strikes me that most students Plans to fulf ill an urgent need are paying their 22 dollar federain the K-W area for a low-cost, tion fee but aren’t interested.” “If it hadn’t been for Tom co-op day or baby-care center Boughner, there would have been are near completion. The day care center plan grew six empty seats instead of one” out of the faculty club-transhe added, referring to how formed-into-community center Boughner persuaded six fellow protest. The protest was to show residents of St. Paul’s College the greater need for a commto run. Karl Doerwald, eng lB, appunity center in This area rather than an elite faculty club. lied for a council seat because The day care center would “People kept saying that you serve both the university and the can’t do anything. and that things area. are done for you. I wanted to surrounding Tentative plans for an on-camfind out what the campus was pus location have been made about even before I got here”. and inquiries are underway at He is not sure whether student council should continue present.
Phil Kudelka’s main reason for running was to make sure there is a council in existence. “If it’s as terrible a council as everyone has said it will be, it wouldn’t involve much of my time. If it is constructive it will be worthwhile being on it.” He is strongly against dissolving council. “The purpose of the council should be defined.” he said. “It should be more concerned with constructive activities like social activities and looking after weak ends. ” Kudelka, a third-year engineer who has been social director for engsoc for the past two years, feels that matters of a political nature should not concern the federation because they don’t represent students. He added that the large number of acclamations shows how apathetic students were to the previous council. The policies of other acclaimed council representatives and the campaigns of candidates in contested constituencies will appear in subsequent issues.
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When approached regarding possible federation support, president, Tom Patterson suggested that a brief be presented to council. He noted that the matter would have to be dealt with by president-elect Larry Burko and the new council, since any aid would come from the new budget. No attempt was made to seek aid from the faculty association since they are in the process of setting up a professional day-care center which will be much too expensive for working families or students.
With a drum roll, a trumpet blast and a trip of the Hatlo hat, we proudly announce the winners of last week’s crossword puzzle, each of whom will receive an 8x10 glossy photograph of smilin’ Burt Matthews. Congratulations Ross Meacher, Dave Ingram and prof J. Pasternak, may you be eternally happy with your new bird-cage liners. Sorry we couldn’t get them autographed, but good old ‘Smiles’ was too busy scouting prospective players from the Industrial League for the big team. Max Newby finished a close fourth, but he thought that ick was ack and it just ain’t so. But don’t worry, Max, you’ll be seeing plenty of big Burt as the season rolls along. And be sure to do friday’s puzzle and bring your completed solution on down to the Chevron office. tuesday
1970 ( 10:50)
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The volleyball athenas were defeated in their bid for the league championship last weekend by Carleton University of the eastern division. The championship tournament was held in Montreal. The athenas, who were the number one team in the western division,_ won all their other matches. York and Laurentian also represented the west in the round. Ottawa, championship Montreal and Carleton were the eastern entries. Both Carleton and Waterloo defeated the team from York,
The University of Waterloo athena ski team made its second showing of the season by winning the intermediate title of the W.I.T.C.A. ski championships held last friday at Avila, Quebec. Avila is a small Laurentian ski area with a thousand foot vertical drop. Under an overcast sky and with temperatures in the twenties, the girls sped down a fast twelve gate downhill and an icy 48 gate slalom course. Gay Seagram of Waterloo led the way with a first place in both the downhill and the alalom. With a time of 35.9 seconds, Seagram easily defeated her nearest rival in the downhill, Irene Jarosy of Toronto with 40.7. Seagram again took the honours in the slalom but barely defeated Jarosy by two tenths of a second with a winning time of 1:00.5. Other members of the victorious athena team who placed well and enabled Waterloo to capture the intermediate team title were Lee Ann Burrows with a fourth and a fifth, Marj Booth with an eleventh and a fifth and Diane Hossie with an eighth and ninth place finish. These wins were in the downhill and slalom respectively.
goes to Carleton Ottawa, Laurentian and University of Montreal and thus faced each other for a playoff. In the first game, the athenas took control and managed an easy is-0 win. Carleton came back to take the second game 15-8 and even up the match. The athenas’ 15-7 win in the third game was answered by a
Close 15-13 Carleton win in the fourth. In the fifth and deciding game, Carleton came out on top 15-10 for the championships. The trophy now goes to the estern division after being in the west for at least four years, the last two of which were won by the athenas.
A weary warrior rugger club (say that one 3 times fast) returned home last thursday coveting a 2nd place trophy from the third annual Mardi Gras tournament at Tulane University in New Orleans. Displaying fine rugby form, the warriors defeated- their two first round opponents. Wisconsin fell by a score of 15-O and Holy Cross was defeated 6-3 in sudden death overtime bv a trv from forward “George prop Newberry.
Intramural This weeks noteworthy activities include a doubles badminton tournament, a toed volleyball frolic and some hockey scores. Turning first to the badminton skirmishes, from the pack emerged a habitat brother act namely don and dennis ablet (could it be the same look alike duo that struck terror into the hearts of the Ottawa bird lovers for many moons?) The ablets defeated a strong frosh arts entry of dobney and taggart to gain the title. Phys. ed. and rec. fielded the best gender combo and copped the toed volleyball crown, leaving the St. Paul’s b and renison a teams as next best. From the vilent world of moses springer these flashes were forthcoming. The grads wiped frosh eng 6-1, optometry stoned frosh arts 12-2, and env. studies tripped frosh math 6-l. Beware fans, playoff time is almost upon us, so go see your favourite team now, they can be in the finals too, if you want it. The following is a list of next weeks activities for all those who refuse to read anything but this column. Pucking about at
The championship game saw the warriors outplay the University of Wisconsin in the first half and come away with a 5-3 halftime lead. Scoring early in the second half, Wisconsin gained the necessary momentum to carry on to a final 23-5 victory. b;t
who treated the Americans to some of the best rugby _ ---they had ever seen and insured Waterloo of an invitation for 1971.
hi-lights queensmount tonight will be science and upper eng at nine., co-op will battle Conrad greb at ten and following this renison will continue after a playoff spot tangling with st. jerome’s. Moses springer comes to life at ten o’clock thursday nite, when grads meet optometry and then env. studies, will oppose frosh eng., the final game of the evening will see freshman arts and math up till one. The hockey without skates crew will meet tomorrow from seven till eleven. Optometry meets village north, Conrad grebel then takes the floor against renison, grads will engage village west and st. jeromes tangles with st. paul’s. Thursday at seven, science will play upper eng, then dot schlei’s gang will try to intimindate math and immediately upper after this env. studies meet habitat. Also, don’t forget the mixed doubles badminton and the doubles squash tournaments. The latter on thursday, the 19th, and the former on Wednesday, the 25th.
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The losingest team in the O.Q.A.A. basketball league, the U of T blues, made an appearance here Saturday night and spoiled all the celebrations of the evening by beating the warriors 86-81. With four straight wins behind them, the warriors appeared to be strong enough to win all their remaining games and no-one foresaw Toronto as being a challenge to them. On top of this, the team had brand new warm-up jackets and,, uniforms to play in and Jaan Laaniste was starting the game only 4 points away from setting a new single season scoring record at Waterloo. The scene was set perfectly and for the first half of the game, it looked like the warriors could win the contest handily. They jumped into the early lead and were keeping the score doubled on the blues until late in the half, and came off the court at halftime with a comfortable 47-32 lead. Jaan Laaniste scored his record-breaking 649th point of the season about half way thru the period and the game was stopped as Jaan was given a standing - ovation from the crowd and re-
in the second
ceived congratulations from the rest of the team. He also received the game ball as a symbol of his achievement. The previous record of 648 points was held by Jerry Raphael and had remained intact since the 1963-64 season. Laaniste, now, is also the second highest all-time scorer at uniwat. Bob Pando scored 1,516 points while he played and Laaniste has 1,259 with two games left in the regular schedule. Toronto was strengthened by the return of their best ballhandler, Larry Trafford, who played a strong first half, scoring 10 points, but fouled out in the second with a total of 13. Garth Evans also had 10 in the first half for the blues while Tom Kieswetter and Bill Hamilton had 10 apiece for the warriors. The warriors went sour in the second half. They were outscorout-hustled and out-re.ed, bounded by the fired-up blues. Led by Garth Evans, Angus Braid and John Hadden, the blues out-scored the warriors 31-12 while converting a 60-44 Waterloo lead into a 76-71 varsity lead. Hadden and Bill Boston, with their great rebounding, were setting up Evans and Braid with
the fast break and the blues got a lot of points out of the speed they had coming down the floor. The warrior shooting went cold from a reasonably hot first half and the player with the most bad luck was Jaan Laaniste. He managed only two points in the second half. The warriors had trouble setting anyone up for a good shot, but Laaniste, who usually’ does well however he shoots, was rushed and bothered into bad shots after becoming a bit irritated with his inability to score. Bill Hamilton and Walt Loszynsky were both vital in keeping the team alive as their lead dwindled. Once they left the floor there * was no hope for Paul Bilewicz to compete with the inon the spired blues forwards boards . . . and with the way the warriors were missing shots, they had to have someone to fight for rebounds. Uniwat’s top scorers for the game were Tom Kieswetter with 22 points, Paul Bilewicz with 18, and Bill Hamilton with 16 points. The blues’ strong second half gave Garth Evans 26 on the game, Angus Braid 15, and Bill Boston 14. The loss again points out how important Jaan Laaniste’s scoring is to the warriors. Although several of the other players have come into their own players and are carrying their share of the scoring load, Laaniste’s total is still the deciding factor in how much the warriors win or lose by. In a good game Laaniste can’t be matched, but as Toronto found out, if he can be kept off the score sheet, the warriors have lost their best weapon. When the blues took the lead they held on to it. Although the warriors tied the score a couple of times in the final minutes, they couldn’t take the lead and looked rattled as they began to panic. The concensus from the colour commentary in the stands (R and K) was that Kieswetter should have driven to the basket more in an attempt to get Boston and Evans fouled out earlier. However, it seemed that it was more the warriors inability to put the ball in the hoop, rather than the blues’ personnel, that kept the warriors from winning. Wednesday night sees the Windsor Lancers, whom the warriors beat by two in Windsor, here to try and return the favour.
A clutch goal by Savo Vujovic with less than ten minutes remaining saved the warriors from ruining their most important game of the year. Already Waterloo arena is sold out for the “battle for first place” next friday with the university of Toronto. For warrior hockey fans this is the big event of the year; not even the playoffs are as important as conquering the blues for the first time on home ice and wrapping up top spot all in one. For the 1300 frustrated spectators in attendance last friday’s game was far too close. Not wanting to break with tradition the warriors once again played only as well as was necessary, and consequently took a 5-3 squeaker from a surprisingly poor Guelph squad. p Defenceman Mike Martin waited only fourteen seconds before he put the warriors in the lead with what he later referred to as “a shot they’re still looking for!” The warriors played their best in the opening period but held only a 2-l lead. Larry Hutchison scored for Guelph at 6:04 but Bob Thorpe capitalized on a scramble moments later to regain the lead for Waterloo. The remainder of the game resembled a hollywood movie with the good guys finally emerging on top. Guelph’s Doug Weaver and Savo Vujovic traded second period goals and just to make things tense the gryphons tied it all up at 7:43 of the third period, on an effort by Don Blaney. At this point the game looked like a write-off as the warriors were playing far below their potential. Although the gryphons had very few good opportunities the warriors weren’t having much luck either, despite their wide 39-13 margin in shots on goal. With the crowd beginning to weep at the looming prospect of a “nothing” game with the U of T Savo Vujovic again came through with a crashing slapshot from the point. Suddenly the team came to life again and showed to all that Guelph was not in their class. The tension was finally relieved late in the game when a Guelph defenceman cleared the puck into his own net; Bill Hogan was the last warrior to touch it and hence was credited with the important goal. All things considered the team put in a pretty lousey performance. Knowing full well the importance of the game they played very sloppy hockey, exhibiting few of the qualities which had made them number one just a few weeks ago. It seems that this year’s team just isn’t able to “get up” for games other than with the top teams. If Toronto was ever smuggled in with another team’s uniform on the score against the warriors would be astronomical! At this point in the season several obvious weaknesses can be pointed out. The Waterloo power play simply must be improved. The players take too long to execute plays and usually end up making one too many passes and having a key shot blocked and cleared down the ice. Two other areas which could stand improvement are passing and shooting. It’s obvious that long lead passes are useless; they seldom are accurate and all too often result in crucial turnovers of the puck. Instead, short quick passes, especially through the centremen, would enable the warriors to get out of their end and break much faster. If Waterloo ever hopes to give Toronto their “just reward” they must score more often on two on ones. It would help if some type of plan was worked out so that both players could know what the other was going to do. Considerably more success can ‘be expected if the puck carrier can get a clear low shot on goal, thus either scoring or providing a good rebound for his partner: Many times the warriors make the mistake of waiting too long or staying too close together, making the defence’s job a lot easier. While many can be critical of the performance against Guelph it should be remembered that this years team always is ready for the big games. One only needs to recall the game at Varsity aren;i to realize this. The warriors will be a bit stronger. this time against the blues. Phil Branston has returned after being sidelined for two weeks with a bad knee and Pete Paleczney will be at maximum efficiency not that his ankle is better. R’s most unfortunate that Bill Hogan chose the last five minutes to knock Bill McElhinney’s block off. While it was most warrented it will cost Bill a one game suspension. League rules call for this if a fighting major is received with less than five minutes to go.
Warrior Jaan Laaniste was awarded his record - breaking point. tuesday
ball he used
lienation as we find it in modern society is almost total; it pervades the relationship of man to his work, to the things he consumes, to the state, to his fellow man and to himself. Man has created a world of manmade things as it never existed before. He has constructed a complicated social: machine to administer the technical machine he built. Yet this whole creation of his stands over and above him. He does not feel himself as a creator and center, but as the servant of a Golem, which his bands have built. The more powerful and gigantic the forces are which he un: leashes, the more powerless he feels himself as a human being. He confronts himself with his own forces embodied in things he has created, alienated from himself. He is owned by his own creation, and has lost ownership of himself. He has built a golden calf, and says, “these are your gods who have brought you to Egypt.” What happens to the worker? To put it in the words of a thoughtful and thorough observer of the industrial scene; In industry the person becomes an economic atom that dances to the tune of atomistic management. Your place is just here, you will sit in this fashion, your arms will move x inches in a course of y radius and the time of movement will be 000 minutes. “Work is becoming more repetitive and thoughtless as the planners, the micromotionists, and the scientific managers further strip the worker of his right to think and move freely. LiTe is being denied; need to controL creativeness, curiosity, and independent thought are being baulked, and the result, the inevitable result, is flight or fight on the part of the worker, apathy or destructiveness, psychic regression. I* (J. J .
Gillespie. ) The role of the manager is also one of alienation. It is true, he manages the whole and not a part, but he too is alienated from his product as something concrete and useful. His aim is to employ profitably the capital invested by others, although in comparison with the older type of owner-manager, modern management is much less interested in the amount of profit to be paid out as dividend to the stockholder than it is in the efficient operation and expansion of the enterprise. Characteristically, within management those in charges of labor relations and of sales-that is, of human and munipulation-gain, relatively speaking, an increasing importance in comparison with that in charge of the technical aspects of production. The process of consumption is as alienated as the process of production. In the first place, we acquire things with money; we are accustomed to this and take it for granted. But actually, this is a most peculiar way of acquiring things. Money represents labor and effort in an abstract form; not necessarily my labor and my effort, since I can have acquired it by inheritance, by fraud, by luck, or any number of ways. But even if I have acquired it by my effort might not have brought me the money were it not for the fact that I employed men), I have acquired it in a specific way, by a specific kind of effort, corresponding to my skills and capacities, while, in spending, the money is transformed into an abst.ract form of labor and can be exchanged against anything else. Provided I am in the possession of money, no effort or interest of mine is necessary to acquire something. If I have the money, I can acquire an exquisite painting, even though I may not have any appreciation for art; I can buy the best phonograph, even though I have no musical taste; I can buy a library, although I use it only for the purpose of ostentation. I can buy an education, even though I have no use for it except as an additional social asset. I can even destroy the painting or the books I bought, and aside from a loss of money. I suffer no damage. Mere possession of money gives me the right to acquire and to do with my acquisition whatever I like. The human way of acquiring would be to make an effort qualitatively commensurate with what I acquire. The acquisition of bread and clothing would depend on no other premise than that of being alive; the acquisition of books and paintings, on my effort to understand them and my ability to use them. How this principle could be applied practically is
not the point to be discussed here. What matters is that the way- we acquire things is separated from the way in which we use them. Our way of consumption necessarily results in the fact that we are never satisifed, since it is not our real concrete person which consumes a real and concrete thing. We thus develop an ever-increasing need for more tnings, for more consumption. It is true that as long as the living standard of the population is below a dignified level of subsistence, there is a natural need for more consumption. It is also true that there is a legitimate need for more consumption as man develops culturally and has more refined needs for better food, objects of artistic pleasure, books, etc. But our craving for consumption has lost all connection with the real needs of man. Originally, the idea of consuming more and better things was meant to give man a happier, more satisfied life. Consumption was a means to an end,\that of happiness. It now has become an aim in itself. The constant increase of needs forces us to an ever-increasing effort, it makes us dependent on these needs and on the people and institutions by whose help we attain them. “Each person speculates to create a new need in the other person, in order to force him into a new dependency, to a new form of pleasure, hence to his economic ruin... With a multitude of commodities grows the realm of alien things which enslave man. ‘I (Marx. )
he answers “I am a manufacturer,” “I am a clerk,” “I am a doctor” -or “I am a married man,” “I am the father of two kids,” and his answer has pretty much the same meaning as that of the speaking thing would have. That is the, way he experiences himself, not as a man, with love, fear, convictions, doubts, but as that abstraction, alienated from his real nature, which fulfills a certain function in the social system. His sense of value depends on his success: on whether he can sell himself favorably, whether he can make more of himself than he started out with, whether he is a suecess. His body, his mind and his soul are his capital, and his task in life is to invest it favorably, to make a profit of himself. Human qualities like friendliness, courtesy, kindness, are transformed into commodities, into assets of the “personality package,” conducive to a higher price on the personality market. If the individual fails in a profitable investment of himself, he feels that he is a failure ; if he succeeds, he is a success. Clearly, his sense of his own value always depends on factors extraneous to himself, on the fickle judgment of the market, which decides about his value as it decides about the value of commodities. He, like all commodities that cannot be sold profitably on the market, is worthless as far as his exchange value is concerned, even though his use value may be considerable. The alienated personality who is for sale must lose a good deal of the sense of dignity which is so characteristic of man even in most primitive cultures. He must lose almost all sense of self, of himself as a unique and induplicable entity. The sense of self stems from the experi-
Man today is fascinated by the possibility of buying more, better, and especially, new things. He is consumption-hungry. Man is not only alienated from the work he does, and the things and pleasures he consumes, but also from’the social forces which determine our society and the life of everybody living in it. What is modern man’s relationship to his fellow man? It is one between two abstractions, two living machines, who use each other. The employer uses the ones whom he employs; the salesman uses his customers. Everybody is to everybody else a commodity, always to be treated with certain friendliness, because even if he is not of use now, he may be later. There is not much love or hate to be found in human relations of our day. There is, rather, a superficial friendliness, and a more than superficial fairness, but behind that surface is distance and indifference. There is also a good deal of subtle distrust. When one man says to another, “You speak to John Smith; he is all right,” it is an expression of reassurance against a general distrust. What is the relationship of man toward himself? I describe this relationship as “marketing orientation. ” In this orientation, man experiences himself as a thing to be employed successfully on the market. He does not experience himself as an active agent, as the bearer of human powers. He is alienated from these powers. His aim is to sell himself successfully on the market. His sense of self does not stem from his activity as a loving and thinking individual, but from his socio-economic role. If things could speak, a typewriter would answer the question “Who are you ?” by saying “I am a typewriter,” and an automobile, by saying “I am an automobile,” or more specifically by saying, “I-am a Ford,” or “a Bu-
alike complain about student apathy and lack of participation; it is taken for granted that students in general and graduate students in particular have reached the heights-or perhaps the bottom-of apathy; that they are materialistic, snobbish, servile, hopelessly conservative, careerist and supremely individualistic, all qualities which make sincere efforts on the part of concerned fellow students to establish student unions and associations and in general to mobilize students around a variety of issues, fail rather miserably. The campus left and right alike are mystified by the phenomenon-the former has practically pulled out of any departmental organizing, the latter sees in the “apathy” a vote for the status quo at all levels; both are convinced that students in general and graduate students in particular are a dead loss as far as being able to effect any meaningful changes at the university. The prob1e.m as I see it does not necessarily lie in the psychology of students, in their personal characteristics, or at least it cannot be determined at this level until two other features have been examined: the nature of the structures in which students at all levels find themselves and the nature of the efforts made to organize people out of their so-called apathy. Thus the question really is: what creates this massive alienation amongst stu,
they are taught
to view each other as opof as
ponents and competitors, instead friends, fellow human beings, partners, ticipants and co- woikers.
and what steps have to be taken to Ime alienation, to begin the process lienation. before I deal with these two questL few words about the terminology. tion to me indicates a profound lessness experienced by individuals esult of their systematic estrange‘ram their fellow human beings and ;hemselves, from their own powers . tency. alienation leads into a chronic into assert oneself, an inability to old of one’s situation; it is a condif perpetual passivity and subjuga3 kind of endless childhood and a ! shrinking of one’s essential hum(which in its alienated state cannot y developed ) . nation is not necessarily felt as such se there has been a lifelong condi;, particularly on the North AmeriIntinent, to accept it as a part of “the 1 condition”, something one is born nd has to endure all one’s life. Furore, the existence of widescale alin is rationalized with an official i;y of possessive individualism in every person is pitted against ano?ach man for himself= ‘X’s a dog eat or/d’: “man is basically selfish’) in a
ting competitive struggle. It complicates the situation in the ian context, that is, increases the 21 alienation, is a massive dose of al mentality, which manifests itself rofound contempt for all things Canand thus alienation in the north can context does not originate in the sities; rather the universities per;e and institutionalize existing alienand set up formidable obstacles to t of disalienation. responsibility-or the guilt-of the sities has to be seen in this light: hey knowingly allow widespread alon to exist, that they cultivate it, it, justify it, rationalize it-and keep lding on top of it. re are two simultaneous processes culminate in the mass alienation of liversity students. One is the process iich children and young people are natically trained to .be obedient and stioning through their most active
The combination of obedience to authority and estrangement from one’s peersboth of which are upheld in the school system through a punishment/reward system-is then the brick wall that surrounds the individuals who make up the student body. In this alienated and profoundly oppressed condition students enter the university, only to be swallowed up by the bureaucracy and further fragmented and alienated by the processes taking place. But as with any other man-made arrangements, changes here are possible. Two things are needed to start the process of disalienation, the tearing down of brick walls that separate people from each other and keep them weak in the face of a hostile environment-and despite the rhetoric spouted about “community of scholars’; “institutions of higher learning” and ‘&cademic freedom”, the university in
its totality is one of the most hostile environments a person has up to that time encountered: hostile to learning, human impulses and human relationships: The first step is to develop a consciousness of the existence of alienation, in oneself and amongst one’s peers, an awareness of the processes by which one has been deprived of one’s true humanity. : The second step is to develop a critical awareness of those structures that perpetuate alienation in one’s present environment, in this case the university; the systematic unmasking of these structures and the simultaneous creation of human arrangements which will actively counteract alienation. Let us take just one example through which the university perpetuates powerlessness and alienation amongst students. The ideology of the university is expressed in its buildings, its architecture, which must be the most anti-human, anti-life and anti-student that one could possibly construct. Large buildings, often brand new, are filled with empty spaces, endless hallways, large classrooms, seminar-rooms like boxes; everything is colourless and sterile, efficient in terms of its bureaucratic management; and brutal in terms of how it affects those who are forced to enter this territory. In this environment one is already controlled by the invisible and yet ever present masters, who have planned for themselves protective little cubicles and plush and comfortable staff rooms, out of the reach of plebeians wandering lost in the hallways. The point here is that students have been planned out of the buildings, before they have properly entered the doors of the university. There are a few if any commonrooms where any creative human interac-
tion can take place, where people can get connected with each other and start, gradually and awkwardly, losing some of their accumulated distance from and fear of each other. Where they do exist they have been built for maximum efficiency in management and administration, and students have not even been included as an afterthought; they exist only as numbers and abstractions, not as physical entities with very definite human and social needs. This lack of common space for students becomes even more critical at departmental levels, where beyond meeting other students in classrooms and seminars, there are few places to go to to stretch out these encounters, to find people with similar interests, to find out things to read, questions to ask, projects to undertake, to learn from other students and what is most important, to find people to work with. Through an extraordinary strategy of anti-student architecture, the university keeps the community of students apart; away from each other, ignorant of each other’s needs, oblivious of their collective powers and therefore unable to exercise them. Students in each year-and this includes graduate students-hardly know each other, beyond recognizing a dozen or so names and faces, and they know none from the other years; thus each group goes through their experiences in a most wasteful manner : alone, connected only to few individuals, learning painfully something students in previous years could have informed them about and equipped them for. Thus the primary task of students getting organized (connected) is to make some changes in the definition of the territory of the university. Their first demand should be to establish commonrooms-preferably with graduates and undergraduates together wherever possible and ‘in cooperation with students from other departments, to avoid the usual fragmentation between undergraduates and graduates, and between various disciplines. (These divisions, again, serve the interests of the various bureaucracies, but have nothing to do with the organic connection between students at various stages of their education and between various disciplines). Commonrooms under these circumstances would cease to be the waitingrooms they currently are, and would become the nerve centers of the student community, places which students could control and which would express their concerns. (Now the bureaucracy controls the space and expresses its concerns.) An ideal commonroom is a place where people can drop in without anxiety, where they can momentarily hang up their anonymity (and through action lose it altogether) and become persons. These places should be covered with bulletin boards for all kinds of communications, there should be notices and posters all over the place; they should be flooded with literature: critical bibliographies for various courses, handbooks for beginners and new-
comers, reprints of articles, newsletters. With a simple coffee-making system these rooms will turn into dynamic environments where real education and its concomitant participation and disalienation can take place. There is another simple mechanism by which students can establish a link with each other, despite the institutionalized obstacles to them communicating with each other. Any student group getting organized (excluding only those very small groups in which people are in daily faceto-face contact with each other) should establish a regular newsletter or bulletin which would deal with their particular situation and would reach out to those who have become intimidated in the process of being “educated’‘-which is the overwhelming majority of students. A newsletter cuts through the fog of anonymity which surrounds students at all levels; it would assert the long lost right (they took it away at kindergarten gave it back) of students
to their interpretation of processes they are put through; it would take them beyond helpless beefing with a small group of friends, it would put them in touch with the whole body, it would return them their authentic voice. In order to exercise this authentic voice, facilities, simple mimeographing facilities must be available to the students. The paradox of the situation is that the university is virtually bulging with Gestetners, Roneos, A.B. Dicks, Xerox machines and other essential equipment, but that students have no access to them. Newsletters, and leaflets, if you have to have them done commercially are far too expensive for any student group to produce regularly, thus it is absolutely essential to learn basic mimeographing skills and find facilities where things can be printed for the cost of materials alone. In the case of the Federation of students, student bureaucracy guards the machine jealously and goes to absurd lengths in preventing people from using it-functioning thus in an identical fashion with the overall university bureaucracy. Such an organization, with its considerable budget, should of course have several mimeographing machines and typewriters and other relevant equipment for students to use for whatever purpose they want to use them for; and there should be regular workshops to teach the use of these facilities for professional results. In fact, the Federation could afford to set up workshops on silk-screening and postermaking as well, to increase the self-sufficiency of the student body. Marjaleena Repo writes for the Llniversity of Toronto Varsity, is a frequent contributor to This magazine is about schools and until recently was a field worker for the Company of Young Canadians.
LENJNGRAD (GINS) - “To get the feeling of our city”, a young Russian of Leningrad said comparing his city’s culture to that of Moscow, “you must walk along the canals and across the bridges. -You must walk where the heroes of Dostoyevsky and Gogol walked. And you must remember that blue, not red is the colour of Leningrad. A little cold on the eyes, blue, but better than red banners everywhere. Better than neon slogans saying glory to the party.” The young man’s references to red and neon were obviously to Moscow, but he is neither a Communist, nor an advocate of the overthrow of the Soviet system. He said he was simply a “Leningradyets” (Russian for Leningrader) who wanted his city to remain as independent as possible of the persuasive control the Kremlin exerts throughout the nation. His attitude exemplified the perennial dispute between Leningrad and Moscow: which city and its people enjoy a more cultured way of life? The disput, involves virtually every aspect of life, includ-
Board of Publications Federation of Students
EDITOR, ‘the Che The term and ends
be received not later
by the office of the than noon, Wednes-
The choice of editor is made by and ratified by the student council. trictions on who may apply.
of office of the editor April 30, 1971.
All applicaiions must board of publications day February, 25.
for the positi
PAPER MUR Gerry Bindseil, Painter 258 Lester St., Waterloo
ing politics. Stalin, Leningraders complain, disliked their city because of its western oriented culture and so, they say, he ignored its development. Today, Leningraders point out the Textile Institute where the present soviet premier, Alexie Kosygin, was a student. Through changing political regimes in Moscow the specifics, but not the intensity, of the cultural superiority dispute undergo change. Today, for example, Leningrad film-makers no longer complain that the best actors are lured to Moscow. They claim instead that they make better films, citing the recently completed Crime and Punishment based on the Dostoyevsky classic. Theater people insist that the Leningrad stage offers the best in classical and contemporary drama and that the Gorky company is the best in the nation. Leningrad directors also feel that superior productions of experimental theater and western, especially american, plays appear here and not in the capital.
the Chevron staff There are no res-
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a 10% student discount and the promise of a wonderful future There’s the magic of that moment when he asks the question. And you say yes! From then on its a once-in-a-lifetime experience, never to be forgotten. Telling your folks, your friends and who will listen; the anticipation, the planning, and as the day the grows nearer, the showers, invitations, the final arrangements and of course, there’s the ring. All of a sudden the trinkets and baubles of ordinary jewellery lose their importance. The diamond ring and all it means is suddenly a real and wonNever before has a derful fact. decision seemed so importantnever before have you had to
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CREDIT JEWELLERS KITCHENER
by Gabriel Chevron
Another group from England is making it here, this ‘one being the Keef Hartley Band. They, like some others, combine blues with rock, with jazz, with. . . Hartley was sacked by Maya11 but confusion theme may make you wonder why Ha/fbreed,I suppose the theme song of the album, brings out some good sounds, particularily from organist, Peter Dines. Put all of the band’s instrumentation together and it’s solid. Keef Hartley’s drum work, although it isn’t all too super-fantastic is quite proficient in its ability to maintain any of the rhythms which are encountered. Many of the bands using brass today seem to lack discretion in their application towards a distinct sound. Hartley’s, on the other hand, is used in a much more subtle manner enabling the band to maintain a somewhat more together sound. Trumpeters Harry Beckett and Henry Lowther (who also plays violin and tenor saxaphonists Chris Mercer and Lyn Dobson (also flautist) produce this type of effect. The best song on Halfbreed is a ‘Sleepy John’ Estes song, Leawin’ trunk, which really starts side two with a lot of guts. Heavy guitar work by Spit James and Miller Anderson help to maintain the group’s solidity of sound. This is their heaviest number and it brings out some excellent blues progressions, which are vividly brought to the front by all lead parts, particularily guitar. Some mention should be made of the bass and rhythm lines. The bass is handled very well by Gary Thains who is capable of producing an excellent backup to the rest of the band. On the other hand Hartley produces a fine sound on drums to sort of hold the beat. The patterns they produce are not only sufficient but also well placed, enough so to better the total sound of the band. Just listening to any cut off the album, too much thinking for example, brings this out. What this band lacks as far as making a name for itself, it goes far beyond in producing a great sound.
A NOTICE \ @iB WASHINGTON
1. STAY CLEAR OF ALL WINDOWS. 2. KEEP HANDSFREE OF GLASSES,BOTTLES, CIGARETTES,ETC. 3. STANDAWAY FROM BAR, TABLES, ORCHESTRA, EQUIPMENTAND FURNITURE. 4. LOOSENNECKTIE, UNBUTTONCOAT AND ANY OTHERRESTRICTIVECLOTHlN6. 5. REMOVEGLASSES,EMPTY P'OCKETSOF ALL SHARPOBJECTSSUCH AS PENS, PENCILS, ETC. 6. IMMEDIATELY UPONSEEINGTHE BRILLIANT FLASH OF NUCLEAREXPLOSION,BENDOVERAND PLACE YOURHEAD FIRMLY BETWEENYOURLEGS. 7. THEN KISS YOURASS QOODBYE.
Burke explains price differences for march Steppenwolfe concert Stepperwolfe and Tony Joe White are coming to Uniwat for a concert in March in the physed building. However, the prices for the concert will be different for federation members and non-members. Larry Burko explained the reasons for the prices differences as follows. Because the Federation of Students thought that the students on campus would like to see this concert: they guaranteed Steppenwolfe a gross potential intake on the concert .of $22,000 Canadian funds, to insure that the group would take the contract. ” Burko pointed out that Steppenwolfe charges $10,000 american funds against 60% of the gross intake. “In other words, if the group is so popular, as to fill the physed building, they feel that they should-rate a higher salary. This means that their total potential salary, if the
Burko also said that when the federation had Dionne .Warwick in concert there were about 4,000 people in the physed building, and it was tight. “Therefore, if we charged everyone $3.50 we could take in $14,000 Canadian funds. Thus the federation would loose about $1,820. In other words, they would be subsidizing the tickets of non-members of the federation with federation \ funds. ” What they did instead was to make tickets to non-members $4.00 advance and $4.50 at the door. Thus, if 4,000 federation members attend the concert, “we will be subsidizing their
Dead week falls with ‘a clunk on all of us in the aftermath of a horrendous Camp Columbia pub, a good fass and a let down basketball game. The excitement ain’t gonna knock you off your feet so you may have to ski or study. TODAY The Ski Club will hold a genteel pub in the campus center pub area beginning at 8 pm. The club trip to the georgian peaks starts at 7.30 am from the jock building. The bridge club will hold duplicate bridge in the social science lounge for those competivelv minded at 7 p.m. sharp.
htpsychedelic ho WQ)Tle:Rum SQtiiRR
concert sells out, would be 60% of $22,000 or $13,200 Canadian funds. “Add to this Tony Joe White’s salary of $1,620 Canadian funds plus operating and promotional costs of approximately $1,000 and we have a total cost of approximately $15,820 for the concert. ”
Federation members can buy $3.50 tickets in the Federation office only, from monday february 22 to friday february 27. After that, all tickets will be $4.00 available from all the usual locations. with tickets at the door going for $4.50.
TOMORROW The people’s Burko will again show tremendous flicks in al. 116 at 7 pm. This week you can catch the guns of navarrone and W.C. Fields in You
tickets to the tune of $.50 each. If federation members buy fewer tickets, the amount of the subsidy will decrease inversly as the number of tickets to nonmembers increases. If the Federation makes a profit on this event, the money will come from non-members of the federation. ” Federation. members are being asked to bring their ID cards when buying tickets. “Members can buy as many tickets as they want, but should realize that if they buy tickets for non-members of the federation, they are, in effect. subsidizing those tickets out of their own pocket, said Burke.
Also the assistant editor of Enginews will be incarcerated for slandering a mindless freak and a Royal Canadian Mounted PIG. The peoples’ gallery opens in the arts theatre with a show of art and artifacts by anyone interested enough to make something and bring it to the Creative arts board office. tuesday
THURSDAY. Civil Engineering will hold a raucous evening in the cc pub. from 8.30 to 11.30. Pm* For the drama freaks Tempo Theatre presents, A thousand ciowns starting at 8 pm in the KC1 auditorium. MONDAY. Larry Burko status lay on the left wil present his one act play, Bread and circuses in the campus center rm. 214.
Posters cratz Hamlet
go up for Rosenand all around campus. and
member: Canadian university press (CUP) an d un derground presssyndicate (UPS); subscriber: liberation news service (LNS) and chevron international news service (GINS); published tuesdays and fridays by the publications board of the federation of students (inc.), university of Waterloo: content is the responsibility of the Chevron staff, independent of the federation and the university administration; offices in the peopleâ€™s campus center; phone (519) 578-7070 or university local 3443; telex 0295-748; circulation 12.,500 tioving and grooving right along into dead week, we are proud to present, doodledeedootdeedoot, the Collective, starring all your favourites, as well as: gan/ robins, phi1 elsworthy, bob epp alex smith, jim bowman, brenda Wilson, gerrit huvers, notes, ross bell, bill aird, una ocallaghan a; lukachko, Steve izma, fred the peopleâ€™s pouch, eleanor hyodo, jim klinck toronto bureau, jeff hennet, donna mccollum, brute meharg , ted pimbert, eddie hale, harry veldstra, john nelson and we say goodbuy to gary and brenda as they embark on a vital fact-finding mission to the west, and anyone knowing the whereabouts of paul lawson is asked to
keepit to himself,