Students and faculty members are invited to participate in the first taping of a new Pierre Berton te;Levision program on Monday evening, June 26, at the Theater of the Arts. The program, ‘Under attack’, will feature world-famous opinion-makers and controversialpersonalities in debate with a panel of students.
The full audience will be allowed to join in as well. Berton, one of Canada’s most prominent authors and incisive television personalities, will serve as moderator for the hour-long controversy show. It will be taped on location at the 22 universities and colleges in Ontario and Quebec be-
fore audiences composed of members of the faculty and student body. ‘Under attack* will feature each week a militantly partisan spokesman for one of the controversial, social, political or moral issues of the day. In an interview by Berton the guest will expound his convictions and viewpoint. He will then face an innoholds-barred crossextensive, amina&xl by a selectedpandaffour students, Finally faculty and students from the audience wffl be in-
see Mps Gilks Gregoire and Ralph C0wa.n clash 011 the separatism issue. U of W coordinators on program details are Prof, Kenneth MacKirdy of the history department; Steve Ireland, Federation of Students president; Paul Berg of creative arts and Jack Adams of informationservices. Anyone interested panel should contact 2478.
in being on the Ireland atlocal
teachers by Sandra Savlov and Donna McKie Chevron
vited to the microphones to voice their own opinions on the subject and to direct questions to the guest and panel. Two programs will be taped at U of W on June 26 as the first shows in the new series which will be on the air early in September. Screen Gems is producing the tapes for individual TV stations, including Hamilton and London. One program willfeature cartoonist Al Capp who will expound his anti-youth views. The other will
Stratford Teachers College could become part of the University of Waterloo as a result of a new governrnent policy to upgrade teacher training. The Ontario government’s hopes to raise standards by associating provincial teachers colleges ~4th existing universities in their area, said education minister William Davis during the debate on estimates
for his department inthelegislature recently . The Stratford college is badly in need of new facilities and must be moved. It is located right beside the ShakespeareanFestivalgrounds. Although the matter has been mentioned in the legislature, it apparently has not been brought to theattention of University of W aterloo officials. “TO the best of my knowledge there have been no official discussions of this with members of the of education,” said department
university president J. G. Hagey. Davis said in the legislature, “It is obvious that a new building must be provided on a new site to serve the needs of thearea. Existingplans call for the provision of a college which is hoped may be conducted under the aegis of a neighbouring university.” The University of Western Ontario has already formed a relationshib with the teachers college in London. Waterloo is the only other university in Stratford’s immediate area.
Sore feet from an Expo walking tour? U of W’s design institutestarring Watfor’s author, Don Kerr - apply the design process to your problem in the Man the Creator complex at Expo. Their solution will (Chevron photo by Ralph Bishop) make you laugh if not cure your feet.
Three University of Watxxloo students returned Wednesday from an exchange tour of the USSR. The tour, arranged by the Canahian Union of Students, included Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev and Sochi on the Black Sea. Activities on the t rip included vis iting various points of interest and
dabbling in the black market--see interviews in next week’s paper. The three students from Waterloo were Bill Wylie, Richard Johns and Stewart Saxe. There were 29 onthe tour altogether. Later this year or early next year, a group of Russianstudents willvisit Canada.
YESTERDAY’S CQUNClL ELECTION RESULTS As expected, Bob Cavanagh, Alectrical 4A was returned to office in Thursday’s election for in-term engineering reps o His defeat would have posed serious problems since he could not have retained his position of vicepresident of the Federation of Students under thepresent constitution, Cavanagh has been vice-president since March 1. In the previous council, he did
Marks for the past term will be our shortly. Engineering results should be mailed out by the end of next week, with science and arts results coming out the following week. Faculty committees meet today and early next week to process re-
yeoman duty as the head of the Cavanagh “omnibus” committee which contributed greatly to the streamlining of Federation activities. Here are the elected members by order of standing: Robert
Wi I son
suits. The faculty councils must meet two or three days later before the marks may be released. As usual, the registrar’s offfce is besieged with phone calls, all of which are given the standard reply-- “in a few weeks.”
The Chevron takes you on an eight-page color to 11~of Expo in the second section of today’s paper. The Chevron burned the mfdnight oil to produce Expo Extra copies of it - for six Waterloo County weekly newspqpers besidesU of W. Above, the U.S. geodesic dome glistens in the background as crowds fill -the plaza between Man the-Explorer (left) and the Scandinavian pavilion. (Chevron photo by Brian Clark)
York invites Americandraft-resisteh Draft-dodgers can go to York if Waterloo doesn’t want them. The student council at Glendon College, a campus of York University in Toronto, recently passed a motion, condemning the American war escalation in Vietnam and inviting conscientious objectors to come to Glendon.
‘We hope other universities in Canada will adopt the same cooperative attitude towards conscientious objectors ,” said Larry Goldstein, the president of the council. “Furthermore we recommend that interested (American) students apply for Canadian landed-immiThis is permanent, grant status.
tion by the United States in Vietnam, we...feel that we must speak out. We condemn the American escalation as liable to lead to a major war. We urge that the Canadian government stop the shipment of war mate&& to the United States and voice its disapproval of this American action.
LOST: Stewart Saxe, somewhere between Moscow and Jerusalem or Moscow and Malton, Finder please return to board of external relations or to his mother.
American students. The University of Waterloo student council passed a similar motion in January. It said the Federation of Students here “supports in principle the draft-resistance program i?~ Canada and authorizes its legal representatives to give what assist* ante they can within that program.‘* The action stirred up bitter debate on campus until it was finally shot down 3-to-1 in a referendum March 6. Besides York’ a student group at the University of Windsor has also passed a motion similar to Water100’s. This is the text of the Olendon r es olution: ?n view of the dangerous escala-
wish, then that the administration of Glendon College aid the cause of peace by accepting late, though valid, applications from foreign students whose studies have beeninterrupted by their refusal to obey their country’s call to arms. “It is resolved, therefore, that the student council make known these recommendations so that interested conscientious objectors may apply to this institution and be made welcome here.” The principal of Glendon College replied only that “students with non-Canadian certificates are advised to apply for admission to Glendon College by July 1 (as stated in the calendar), but late applications will be considered.”
Housing GOING TO for students, $5.00 (each) Lise Belle F abr eville,
EXPO? Accomodadon with breakfast. Only a day. Write to Mme. Emare, 3113 Esther St. Que.
APARTMENT WANTED--Men students wish to rent apartment in Waterloo for fall term. Interested parties please contact D.M. Blenkhorn, general delivery, Labrador City, Nfld. or G. W. Durward RR 1, Kingsville, ollt., (519 7234942.
St. N. Waterloo
VISIT THE HOTEL * NIGHTLY
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- 743 - 4842
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SATURDAY Car rally,
lot A, 10 am.
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scavenger hunt. Parking lot A, $1,2 pm. HootenaMy and animal dance. Arts quadrangle, free’ 8:30. SUNDAY Surf and Suds Party. Puslinch Lake’ $1 a car, 1 pm on. Black Mass. Fourth floor library’ by invitadon only, midnight.
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THURSDAY Kay Britten folk concert. Theater, 8 pm , $1 students’ $2 others.
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U BC pres
dom s like civil rights and- freedom of speech. “Compounding the difficulties arising from n&understanding are new forms of organized political activity by students and faculty in which the campus is used as a basefor attacks onvarious aspects of society.” He pointed out thatacademicf reedom is the right of a teacher to express opinions within his special field of competence, but “academic ,freedom does not give him special rights in fields other than...& special field of competence.”
TODAY Engineering Society dance at the Village Grad House party. 8:30
SALVATORE’S BARBER SHOP HAIR
WEDNESDAY ‘Test Flight 263’. Midweek film: P145,12:15 noon. Folkdance club at Village Great Hall’ 7:30
15, IF SOMEONE
purposes. This kind of “invisible brain drain” as he terms it’ does away with the expense and difficulty of hiring trained engineers and getting them to emigrate. The 1967 Congress of Professional Engineers is a Centennial project bringing together more than 1,500 engineers from all branches of the profession into a conference for the first time.
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He told the UBC convocation that the future of academic freedom and university autonomy is perhaps the most important issue affecting the welfare and survival of universities. He said that academic freedom is too often confused with other free-
prerequisite? earning one’s living” in rnany parts of Canada, it would be an advantage for persons who “really want to understand what is going on in this country. “Surely it is just as important for young Canadians who pretend to be educated to be able tounderstand both the official languages of their country as it is for them to reach a certain stage of understanding of the new mathematics,” he said.
Vancouver (CUP)--Strikes, rebellions and d&onstrations by students and teachers pose a threat to academic freedom and the status of universities’ said John B. Macdonald, retiring president of UBC, last week.
GEORGE KADWELL RECORDS
* DANCING 59 KING
And Di Giacomo had a special request: “Please don’t hold any rain dances Saturday. This may slightly inconvenience us .” Seagram gym is booked as an altemathe.
MONTREAL (CUP)--Canada need not worry about a brain drain of its engineers, a world-famous engineer told delegates to the Congress of Canadian Engineers last week. But Lord Hinton of Bankside, a British engineer, spoke of some companies practice of setting up design offices in foreign countries where they make use of local en, gineering talent for out-of-country
“Those who aren’t quite sure of modern dance techniques should restrict their jumping around to the flat areas ,” Di Giacomo warned. “Casualties are undesirable on this evening.”
-- a university
if they wish. Steps break up the monotony of the flat pavement.
Speaking to the convocation at Bishops University Pickersgill said that whilekno&ledgeofFrenchmight be of “no practical advantage in
Lennox-e (CUP)--F ed e r al transport minister J. W. Pickersgill said last week that it was his hope that. students would have to be able to read and understand French to be admitted to English-language Canadian universities.
THE PLUMTREE’ - ‘* ’
FREE DELIVERY ON’ ORDERS OVER $5.00
The arts quadrangle will ring with music--animal and folk-next Saturday night as part of Summer Weekend. At 8:30 continuous entertainment begins with the Blanquet KlauSe. The noise changes between 10 and 11 when five girls singers lead a hootenanny. Dancing resumes from 11 till 1. All events are free. Tony Di Giacomo, Saturday-night organizer for the Class of ‘68, felt the arts quadrangle offers advantages. Space is unlimited so that people can wind around the buildings
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the Red Army
welling up inside of you; your heart beats a little stronger, you stand a little straighter , you feel the chills OTTAWA--With a Shakespearian flourish of-trumpets and drum roll, run up and down your spine. The they walk out onto the stage. The effect of the hundred male voices is Suddenly you begin audience claps politely for it is not indescribable. to realize what we have struggled exactly certain of how it should react to the spectacle. For this is not an for all these years. “True patriot love, in all thy ordinary chorus. The arches tra, the And you sense the dancers; they.are all sons command...” chorus, the electricity coursing through the from the Soviet Union. Politically, audience as they too feel what you they are our enemies. The voices rise to a They are wearingkhaki tunics with are feeling. then more softly now, red epaulettes , a row of shiny, sun- crescendo; with only the brass section playing. like buttons down the front, navy blue pants and highly polished boots. “With glowing hearts we see thee The discipline may not be being en- rise, the true north strong and free. And stand on guard, oh Canada, we forced at this particular moment, but there is no mistaking that they stand on guard for thee.” And then it happens. It’s about this point when are soldiers. Then, as if on cue, they all stand you feel your eyes start to water; your vision blurrs and you feel so at attention and from the wings strides an old man about sixty. His proud... hair is bushy and white and he car“Oh, Canada, glorious and free... ries himself with the prideful air of “And the rest is lost in a wave of a man doing what he feels is his only emotion. calling in life. A gain the polite apThere is no simile or metaphor plause tip toes down from theaudifor comparing the sound of “Oh, ence. The portly, white-hairedman CanadaPB whensung bytheRed Army raises it and then brings it down in Chorus. It’s the most besudful and a quick little arc ending at his side, moving sound in the world. “Oh, Canada, our home and native There is a momentary pause and You can feel the emotion land...? then the Russian national anthem, by John Chevron
“The lnternationale”, is played. At its conclusion there is a gentle ripple of applause from the audience which the conductor ignores. On walks the first soloist, the guest artist for tonight. The audience is now primed for the evening, they know what to expect and the applause becomes deafening. Finally the soloist steps to. the microphone, bows to his right, his left and then to the center e As if on cue, the audience abruptly stops applauding and the music begins. First you strain your ears trying to catch the elusive notes. A couple enters late and the high heels clack up the concretesteps drowning out the music as she and her husband find their seats. The music grows in volume, more passionate; a sudden pause and then the soloist begins. It is a long note, held for an eternity and then thechorus joins in. Again the music grows. Louder and louder, the conductor urges and pleads with his singers, cajoling with them, begging. A crescendo is reached and then drops off and the soloist begins again. Then, almost too soon, the song is over. And the audience applauds louder and more strongly than you could ever have imagined. Longer
July degree expect 350
and longer they clap and finally the soloist reappears from the wings and walks forward. *‘Encore, encore” a dozen voices demand and now a hundred more join in, “Encore, encore, encore,” And heobligesand picks up the song just before he has to sing his- long note. And it is as beautiful this time as it was the time before. Once more the audience shows its appreciation for the beauty of the song and the Two, three ability of the artist, times he walks off the stage only to be called back. Now the conductor walks over and shakes his hand and the building begins to shake in sympathy with the applause, Finally it dies down and fades away. So it continues throughout the three hour performance. More encores, other soloists until it is all over. In a surge of emotion the audience rises and at the same time the chorus, too, begins to clap, The chorus starts singly and then slips into a rhythmic clapping and theaudience joins in. Faster and faster and faster until the stacatto sounds fill the Auditorium. Faster andfaster until it breaks out into a prolonged wave of applause. The white-haired conductor returns from the wings and raises his
in English, French, history, philosophy and religious knowledge. The University of Waterloo curriculum includes biology, chemistry, English, French, geography, history, mathematics and physics. The university started its summer-course program in 1961, at the The University of Waterloo is request of the Ontario Secondary holding its seventh summer session School Teachers Federation. Under in its postdegree program for the agreement this program will secondary-school teachers. This is continue until at least 1970. under the joint sponsorship of the Assistant registrar Bruce LtnnsUniversity of Waterloo and the Onden said there are no plans at pretario Secondary School Teachers I sent to expand the size of the sumFederation. Both summer schools mer school. Between 350 and 450 last from July 3 to August 12. highschool teachers wffl attend this St. Jerome’s is offering courses year.
Summer sessions, on both the undergraduate and post-degree level, are being held this year. St. Jerome’s College is offering a summer BA degree program, aimed particularly at elementary-school teachers.
Paul Widden, a grad student in biology, received a kitchen dowry when the biology females - students, staff and techs - threw a shower for him recently. He and the former Sharon Derrough, English ‘2, were married May 27 and are on their waj, to Calgary. He was don of West I at the Village.
baton. The audience, still standing, quietens and waits p “Should auld acquaintence..a”and the next few bars are drowned out by the applause. Then the audience joins in, singing, “Well drink a cup of kindness yet....” I asked one of the singers after the program if their coming to Canada and Les Feux F ollets’s going to Russia might be the beginning of a greater friendship between our two countries and an easing of the cold war. He said that it was not the groups touring other countries which would do this, but that it was the audiences which increased the friendship. For the audience tonight, he explained, would go home and be less inclined to feel hostile toward Russia, the same as Russian audlences would be less inclined to feel hostile toward Canada when they had seen Les F eux Follets. He turned to go, hesitated and turned to me and said, “Good luck,friend. We enjoyed being here tonight.‘* And his eyes were as misty as mine. (First of a series) .’
Dail a mark now . . Montreal (CUP)--Montreal university graduates have been offer-. ed a unique public service by a local radio station--dial your results. Radio station CJAD procures the results from the universities as they are ready, and students can get them by phoning in. A university official commented that “this public serviceis welcomed by theuniversity becauseitmeans that students can know their results about five days earlier than would otherwise be possible.” He explained that it takes about a week to deliver results by mail after they have been computed by the university. This is the first year that university results have not been printed in the local newspapers. Apparantly the large number of graduating students makeS it impractical to publish them.
Sir or Madam’
by Don Klassen You have just receivedapersonalized letter from the registrar’s office. It has, in all the time-honorecl, courteous phrases informed you of your standing at the University of Beginning with a symWaterloo. pathetic ‘a ear...” the letter seems to come straight from the heart of some sweet young secretary. However, please do not get too emotionally involved. The letter, in fact, was written by a magneticSelectric typewriter which tape writes personalized form letters by selecting paragraphs from magnetic tape.
The machine was developed three years ago by IBM and one of themis used in the registrar’s office. Almost 90 percent of the admissions correspondence is done with it. The office rents the machine from IBM for $266 per month and can request revisions or a new model as the model improves. Carefully composed paragraphs are typed onto magnetic-tape cartridges with the machine and any mistakes can be corrected by typing over the error. Each succeeding paragraph is numbered on the tape which has a capacity of 50 paragraphs. The operator selects a tape by
dialing its number on the machine and then sits back and watches the typewriter do the work. It types messages at 186 words a lninute and a ~ucce.~~i~~~ of paragraphs can be done in one operation by dialling them in the correct order, One fault of the machine is that it will not justify the right margin. It cannot scan ahead in a line to count the letters in a word to see whether or not it will fit the line. Succeeding models of the Selectric typewriter and IBM Composer will do this and eliminate the ragged right margin.
BigFourconfront eachother at Expoas art and technologyvie by George Chevron
MONTREAL--About theonly thing that the British, F rench,Russian and American pavilions at Expo have in common is that they are the showplaces of four of the world’s major powers. I visited the buildings in that order and would rate them, personally, the same way. The British pavilion is the best I have seen so far. The building is logically set up so that, although it takes a fair amount of time, it is not confusing or hard to see everything. All the movies and demonstrations are set so that by the time you leave the finish of one and walk to the next,
it IS just beginning. This is no - I’ve been there three accident times and it happens each ti.me. The exhibits give a good idea of the British people and their country. You leave with the striking feeling that for a few hours you were in England. After visiting theFrench and RI& Sian pavilions it was hard to decide which was better. In many respects hey were very similar. Both are about three parts technical to one arts.
You enter the F r ench pavilion and a fantastic electronic sound-andlight display meets you. In the Russian pavilion there is a striking bronze head of Lenin. , The French have a large display of technical data centered on the nuclear achievements of the past few years and a quarter-of-a-bfllion-dollar art show from the Louvre. The Russians devote less space to nuclear achievements but make up for it in their shows of housing development.
You enter the F r ench pavilion-and a fantastic electronic sound-andlight display meets you. In the Russian pavilion there is a striking bronze head of Lenin.
The Russian art display has been criticized as lacking in fen%g--but I personally felt the emp ess and huge, cold -arises that 1 associate with Russia.
About the only way I could decide which was better was architecture. The Russian pavilion is impressive but the French pavilion was a work of art, especially at night.However, they both have to be visited and judged personally. “The American pavilion? OK--if you’re in a hurry la3
I came away from the American pavilion with the distinct impression that if this was America, then a shallow place it must be. The displays consist of some hats, raggity-ann dolls a rock-n-roll guitars, three space capsules (one a model), two mooncraft models, a big parachute, some pop art and a bunch of movie stars. After you’ve been
exposed to the “great, affluent American society*’ propaganda, thepavilion lets you down. It’s almost as if they planned it that way. As youapproachthething, the magnificence of the huge dome glittering in the sun and the ride up the longest unsupported escalator in the world promise a good show. Then before you know it you’re back outside and you’ve seen all there is to see. The trip is so quick that President Johnson himself was given only half an hour on his itinerary to see it. It’s interesting that the British and French, and the Russian and American pavilions are placed directly opposite each other. Symbolic? Friday,
June 9, lb6ji8:5)
ink of y UCeducationnot for tomorrow’sjob, by W.A.E.
I must first of all tell you that, as far as I know, no such place as Iroquois College exe ists. It is a hypothetical institution, rather like James Thurber’s Unicorn in the Gardena mythical beast. However, even if it is not a tangible reality, this college does have a form and organization in the minds of a group of people who are its creators. These are a group of faculty members in my own university; but I should add that, I cannot assure you that my description of it will tally in every respect with the vision that each of my fellow day-dreamers has. Indeed, apart from the suggested name-which is really a sort of cOde name, an academic Thunderball or OverlordI cannot claim any great share in its conception. Iroquois College is visualized as a small self-contained college of general or liberal studies. It is best operated inassociation with a major university, but not necessarily located within it. Students in the college wffl study in some breadth and in some depth for a single degree, which I think should be a Bachelor of Arts. But lurking behind the question of the degree is another problem. Most Arts and Science programs in Canadian universities are organized within a twotiered structure. In the most common practice, some students study for an Honours degree in four years, and others study for a Pass or General degree in three. The distinction between the pass degree and thehonours degree, connotes a double standard in Canadian university education. A pass degree is acknowledged as inferior to an honours degree. By exclusion, then, anything that is not honours is second rate. But what, really, is the special quality of the honours programme? It is an inheritance from the British universities, and has no counterpart, as we know it, in the United States. For honours work it is assumed that the university receives students from the secondary educational system who possess the requisite general education and the maturity to profit by intensive study in a single discipline. Transposed to the Canadian scene the honours course has undergone some subtle modifications. But the program retains the concept of achieving study in depth ina single subject, and the entire programme is directed toward this objective. Themajor and ancillary subjects are highly career oriented. The concept of Iroquois College is based on a high quality programme of four years’ duration, but it is the convction of thoseproposing it that we do not want to offer or even to permit the degree of specialization that characterizes the typical honours program. In point of fact no university in the United States offers or permits a first degree programme having the specialized content available in the Canadian universities. But you can appreciate, I am sure, that anyone promoting the concept of liberal studies of high quality is going to be faced with a task of establishing the credentials of the programme in the face of a traditional attitude that a “general” degree is inferior to an honours degree. I shall return to this point later. Let me make two points clear. I do not mean to imply that the notion of a liberal studies programme is unknown in Canada. I think, for instance, that institutions like Mt. Allison University or Prince of Wales College do provide the opportunity for widely based studies, and I have no doubt there are others. And secondly I am not in any way whatsoever opposed to the honours programmes in Canadian universities.
the alternative route The central notion in my remarks today is that there ought to be available some alternative route to a respected degree. What I am suggesting, in fact,is thatcanadashould complement its existing university system with a sprinkling of good quality liberal arts And why do I advocate this? Well, colleges. during seven years as a dean of a science faculty I have encountered a great many students, and I think the proportion of these is increasing, who are not sufficiently committed to a career in this science or that, or even in science or that, or even in science generally, to be satisfied with or prepared to struggle with the rigours of our honours courAnd yet, lest you get the wrong imses. pression, these are often students of high academic calibre-scholarship winners and 4
William Arthur Evelyn McBryde, the University of Waterloo’s dean of science, was presented with the Chemical Education Award of the Chemical Institute of Canada, on Wednesday. Dean McBryde received the award at the institute’s annual conference held in Toronto. Dean McBryde has been ac-’ tive in the CIC’ s education program and has helped prepare and administer the institute’s professional examinations. He has also served on the board and council of the 6,000-member UC. Dr. McBryde has acted as a consultant in the revision of grade 12 and 13 courses in chemistry. He is co-author of (Outlines of chemistry’, which will be used in Ontario schools in the new courses. He has his BA and MA from the University of Toronto and received his PhD in chemistry from the University of Virginia.
he like. I arn concerned that this group of students have difficulty in securing a meaningful education because of the operation of the career-oriented honours courses or the alternative of a programme that may be second-rate leading to a degree that is second rate. I search my conscience and I find there little evidence from my ownexperience that anyone cares much about the non-honours student. mat I am stating, in other words, is that the honours programmes are the special concern of the individual departments in our universities. These departments are staffed with highly qualified specialists, selected almost always on the basis of attained or potential research achievement. These men and women become preoccupied withhonours and graduate teaching and with their own reThere is nothing wrong With that; it search. is intellectually and practically the more reespecially when criteria for warding task, promotion are considered. But with this attitude entrenched, who cares about or looks after the non-specialist? Who considers the quite possible different curricular needs of the students who are seeking a general (which does not mean superficial) education? Who encourages the student to consider the relevance of his studies one to another or to the needs and goals of society ? These are some problems in general education that we have been slow or unwilling to act upon. And perhaps one of the most remarkable things is that this “blind eye” has been most conspicuous on the part of Arts and Science departments. Thus, although studies in Arts and Science represent the core of every liberal education, the faculties administering these studies have been the least prepared to acknowledge the place of general education. If Iroquois College ever becomes a reality, what will be the nature of the general or liberal studies in which its students will engage? I think what is sought-or should besought-h in an educated man can besumrnarizedunder general headings : 1. A knowledge of our inheritance from the past. 2. An appreciation of contemporary studies in the humanities, social studies , and the natural sciences. 3. An ability, hopefully developed from the study of some subject in depth, to think independently and to make value judgements . 4. Some degree of aesthetic appreciation. I am dismayed at the arrogant attitude in recent years on the part of some young people toward ideas and values from tie past. This rejection of human experience and tradition is surely the hallmark of ignorance; to hear some university students talk today one might get the impression that democracy, or sex, or ethics were ideas as new and original as a spacecraft. Perhaps, as a bare minimum, an exposure to a Great Books course or its equivalent would serve as a reminder that people have been thinking intemely for centuries, and documenting their thoughts with clarity and precision-even if the idiom of their writing is not today ‘s. I am tempted to think that inthecomplexity of today’s and tomorrow’s world we can no longer afford the intellectual isolationthat so often results from an education based on narrow specialization. To be sure, most of us are forced by the nature of our work into
a degree of specialization. But must we close our minds to all that is not immediate and useful? May the scientist not at some time become accountable to society for the relevance of his activities? May thelawyerturned-politician not have to make anintelligent decision on a science policy for his country? Someone will surely say thatit will require teamwork to solve these problems, and I daresay it will. But the members of the team have to communicate, and I am uneasy lest perhaps they will not have enough common vocabulary to do so with meaning. But if we need breadth in education sotoo must we have some depth. It takes time and continual application to master a subjectwell enough to apply it, to appreciate its background and limitations, and to acquire confidence in the practice of it. Ihe educated individual must appreciate the diversity of he must also respect the intenknowledge: sity of it. I doubt if aesthetic judgement can be taughts but I am sure it can be developed. Universities have an excellent opportunity to provide an abundance of art, music, drama, and other forms of artistic expression as a sort of backdrop against which formal studies are conducted. Our hypothetical college must seek the resources for offering its students the opportunity to encounter the arts in good measure and high quality.
shortcomings the past
Given the opportunity to establish something like Iroquois College, I should thir&the founders should try to avoid some of the shortcomings that seem to have developed in our existing universities. One of these is the importance attached by the faculty to examinations as a means of promoting and ranking students. (I have deplored this situation in the case of our provincial matriculation examinations: I cannot honestly portray it a~ much better in our undergraduate university faculties .) I acknowledge that educators have had little success in devising other foolproof measurements of student accomplishment. Essays, laboratory reports, problems, and various other assignments, are unreliable owing to the possibility of collusion, plagiarism, and other abuses. On the other hand, our educational practice has become SO examinadon-oriented that the whole goal of study is directed toward passing examinations rather than developing habits of independent, creative work. A second shortcoming in our North American universities is the tendency to separate all instruction into unrelated courses. At its worst this smorgasbord approach to education encourages the notion that a university degree--the symbol of an “educated” man--is earned by the accumulation of some prescribed number of credits with little relationship among the bits and pieces that make up a programme of studies. Often there appears to be indifference or ignorance on the part of instructors in one department concerning the relevance of material to other areas of study. How often does the chemist or physicist allude to the application of a particular concept to the neighbouring disciplines of biology or geology: for instance, osmotic pressure to the transfer uf fluids in living cells, or the
phase rule to the genesis of igneous rocks? And then again, in the forward and outward movement of all knowledge, disciplines that once appeared unrelated have sometimes now grown together. The biologist, the engineer , and the geographer have found a common concern in the pollution of air and water; the mathmetician and the business administrator have created new skills in operations research. One of the great opportunities, indeed, I should say obligations, for universides is to reveal to the student these growing areas of joint interest. One of the problems of contemporary universities is their trend to bigness. The advantages claimed for large size in universities are usually advantages of scale. But not everyone within the universities accepts that these criteria should take precedence over others that encourage limitationinsize. It is a gross oversimplification to say that universities exist for teaching and research. They also exist for learning. And learning embodies many things: it presupposes the existence of good teaching, a good library, opportunides for discussion among students, and between students and staff-in short, a special environment in which the individual has the opportunity to take part in his intellectual and emotional enlargement. It is commonly hoped, too, that university students will acquire, in addition to their formal learning, some of those social skills and essential ethical and aesthetic values that will enable them to take their place as leaders in the society into which they willgraduate. Much of this cannot be taught, but must be acquired by example, by a sifting of values derived from continual discussion and debate, and by a variety of factors thatnever appear on the transcript issued by the university registrar, Can good learning --either of the subject matter of courses, or of the intangible values expected in an educated man--flourish in a university with an undergraduate population of many thousands ? I don’t think it can. The individual, for one thing, is depressed by the impersonal quality of this environment, and many students lose interest or become indifferent in it. Others restrict their participation to the bare classroom requirements and set their sights on the quickest route to graduadon, In Canadian universities about 607’0of the students enrol for Arts and/or Science programmes, and these tend to be the largest group on each campus. In the larger universities various patterns of organization have emerged with the common goal of pardtioning this large group of students into smaller, more manageable parts. One such device is the College system. Another is the fragmentation into separate faculties. This began innocently with the separation of Science from Arts, but more recently a number of specialized faculty units have appeared. Mathematics at Waterloo and Humanities and Social Sciences at McMaster are among these. This practice, introduces a kind of academic separation which appears to be contrary to the notion of a university. The separate faculties hinder the student wishing to acquire breadth of content in his education. Limits on the amount and kind of Arts work that may be included in a B.Sc. programme, or of Science courses that are available for a B.A. programme, and other such impediments to general education can easily be shown to exist in institutions of which I have firs t-hand knowledge. A number of academic people are now beginning seriously to question whether these existing programs should be the only valid route to a respectable university degree. And many of the same people are also wondering if reasonably small Colleges of general studies might not be one of theanddotes to the academic sprawl that they see afflicting some of our larger (or growing larger) universides. This of murse brings me backto Iroquois College. My vision of this prospective college of general studies is that it should be small in enrolment--no more than 2000 students-and that it should best belocatednear and organized within a larger university. An example that suggest itself is the relationship of Glendon College to York University. The size is important, I think, to ensure a reasonable opportunity for students and staff to become acquainted in all direcdons. But the important thing is that the small size is not achieved by lumping together a few depart(Continued
but for life’: McBryde ments with related interests: Instead, I advocate making available, within reason, a full range of studies in arts andscience up to the baccalaureate level. Colleges of this sort have, as I said before, existed autonomously for years in the U.S.A., and many of them have achieved enI am not so sure that viable reputations. one could just simply start a college based on these ideas and have it in-mediately accepted in those parts of Canada where the pattern is unfamiliar. But I do think one or more such colleges could be’developed within or by our existing universities. The student entering a university where such a college was in operation could than choose between pass or honours programs as at present, or a broadly based general studies program. I am confident that such a general studies program would be sought by many students were it now offered. I am likewise confident that students who consciously choose this kind of program and succeed in it will be a credit to any institution that awards them its degree. I see Iroquois College operating essentially independently under the Senate of a foster university. The collegestudents could, as necessary or appropriate, draw upon the localities available only to the university. Its staff can participate in the life of the university while the university in turn can enrich the college program. The undergraduate curriculum, should be be structured in such a way that every student will have sampled the broad areas of history and philosophy, language and Uterature, social studies, mathematics B life sciences, and physical sciences. In addition, each student will have selected a subject or area for more intensive study. Instead of strong and rather autonomous departments, it would be preferable in the college to orga&e the teaching staff into larger divisions to encourage the merging of neighbouring studies.
I should hope in Iroquois College that the amount of formal teaching could be cut down below the present level. It would be of much greater value to the student to be given a curriculum and book list at the beginning of each tours e, and to curtail the amount oflecturing to which he is exposed. There is a widespread impression among undergraduates that the syllabus for a course is defined by the lectures, and it would be a good idea to encourage on the part of students that they set their own limits on where learning s tops. A recurring question about Iroquois College is this: Who will teach in it? The question is asked with varying implications, such as Who would want to teach in it? or Where will staff be found? or What will be the relationship between the college staff and that in the rest of the university? or Will there be opportunities for research in the college? I don’t know all the answers to these questions, but I can comment on them. There are people now teaching in our universities who have alrtidy expressedinterest in this hypothetical college, and even in as teaching in it. From such conversations I have had on the subject I am convinced that a good many experienced university teachers would be available to teach insuch a college, and their experience could do much to launch its program successfully. I think the college should be staffed by people whose first interest is in teaching, and whose attitude to teaching is not narrowly based on specialization. The effort required for good teaching at this level is substantially greater than is often acknowledged, and one of the reasons why some professors skimp ontheir teaching is bluntly that universities reward research achievement far morethanteaching achievement. It is widely held that no one worth his salt will go to work in a university unless ne has bountiful opportunities for research
and this is probably partially true. The arrangement I have suggested whereby Iroquois College operates in close association with a full university should permit a variety of research opportunities &her within the college proper, or on a cross-appointment basis within the university. It is certainly not my view thatthe college should attempt to set up expensive facilities for research. There aresomeareas inwhich a college of this sort could make important contributions without the requirement of expensive facilides. One such area is in the professional development field or curriculum r eforrn for secondary schools. Examine a list of participatns in theCHEMStudyor CBA Projects, and notice how many staff from liberal arts colleges have played key roles. Enough has already been said of the iniquities of a rigid applicadon of the rule to “publish or perish” that I shall not labour this point further. Let us acknowledge,however, that we have perhaps all known outstanding university teachers whose progress in the university ranks has been blocked through failure to play the research game. If Iroc~~ois College ever becomes a reality I hope we can see appropriate recognition of good teaching by the members of its staff. -
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Finally, I want to exposeonequiteserious problem in connection with the operadon of any college of the sort I have been describing. With the incredible expansionof the universities in this country the cost is falling more and more onto the public treasury and the governments who are the principal patrons of higher education now have begun to exercise some constraints on the funds advanced for this purpose. In the Province of Ontario, the government has established a system of formula grants based on the number and kind of stul dents taught. Funds are thus allocated tothe affected universities radonally rather than on the basis of pressure. However, one aspect of this scheme of financing is that general arts and science students earn for the university the lowest income per student taught. It has been esdmated that, for a university to reacha breakeven point under the Ontario formula grant system and to maintain a 12:1’student/faculty ratio, it would require a minimum enrolment of 4000 general arts and science students ! A college like Iroquois with an enrolment pegged at 2000 is accordingly going to have to operate at a very unfavourable stustaff rado, or operate at a loss. dent: The only alternative is to try to modify the formula grant system. Will lroquois College ever come into beI hope so. I hope my university or ing? some university will take the plunge and include some such facility in its expansion Given a staff dedicated to the ideas plans. and ideals embodied in true liberal education I think such a college can play an important and challenging role among our universities. I have an idea, though, that because this kind of educational philosophy is less common in this country, a certain amount of “selling” may have to be done to ensure acceptance of its graduates. Let me just start the sales pitch by reminding you that in a world changingsocially and technologically at the rate we see today (or possibly faster?) we can certainly not justify education based on today’s skills. Instead we must devote our higher education to the cultivation of skills of thinking clearly, of communicating ideas clearly and precisely, of coordinating knowledge from various sources and hopefully of engendering a public philosophy based on the highest ideals of human experience. AS I have tried so often to say to students...“Think of your educadon not for tomorrow’s job, but for life”, Perhaps Iroquois College or something like it can enable some of our young people to find that kind of educational motivation.
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June 9, 1967 (85)
by Allen and Ailey
TORONTO--Warrendale: shocking but real. That is what this movie is able to accomplish in every moment of film. ‘Warrendale’ is a dramatic documentary produced for CBC television by Patrick Watson. It won accolades at the Cannes international film festival in France recently.But the CBC refused to show it. It opened Tuesday for showing at the New York Theater in Toronto. It is a movie about emotionally disturbed children. The introducr tion specifically stipulates that it is ‘,‘not a movie about technique”, but simply a visual and auditory record of the occurances at Warren-
A child’s The
complete by C. S.
by Dale Martin review
It isn’t very often that one gets to rev&t one’s childhood, and when one does, an analytical approach often spoils it. Such was the case With C.S. LeWb’s ‘Complete chronicles of NarI-lid The seven volumes of the chronicle (all were published separately) tell the complete history of a universe parallel to this and a land called Narnia inhabited by men, talking animals and all the mythical creatures known to man. The
dale--the controversial, radical treatment center run by social worr ker James Brown--during the pre sence of the film crew. The children are not mentally retarded nor do they have any brain damage, but are just kids with oh problem--an inability to express their emotion: not hate, not live, not grief. When faced with emotional responsibility they become unable to react in a controllable way. This results in rnany feet of filmshowing one of Brown’s most controversial techniques: to keep violent children from hurting themselves or others s the staff hold the children tightly in their arms on the floor, and force them to talk, shout and scream out their problems--in words, not in’ physical violence. But it is all very real. Nowhere
are the combatants acting. They are completely honest. Anyone who has ever had anything to do with kids (such as in summer camps) willundoubtedly recognize certain trends --but in the Warrendale children they would have been uncontrolled, ever-present and most difficult. The much-talked-about cursing-as the children release their pentup emotions in words--is bound to offend staunch Victorians. But it is true-to-life and necessary. Scenes approaching humor also occur several times throughout the film, but they never last long and always give way to much graver interludes. Perhaps the overall fee&g of the movie is best summed up in the words of one ofthechildren: “Those deeper thoughts hurt too much.”
chief characters of the books are a group of English school children who are periodcially transported into this other world usually by the god of that world, the great golden lion Aslan. At the age of 12 all this made very good reading, but I must confess that I was disturbed to find that these books try to be a primer of Christian thought. This is not surprising when one considers Lewis’s theological background but it is disappointing. The first volume, “The lion, the witch and the wardrobe’, parallels the crucifixion af Christ quite nicely with a second coming thrown in. The next four volumes have fairly
straightforward story lines. There are few morals to ‘PrinceCaspian’, ‘The voyage of the Dawn Treader’ ‘The silver chair’ and ‘The horse and his boy’. The latter is somewhat objectionable since the enemies of Narnia, and worshippers of a god of evil are portrayed as b&g Moslem in culture. I don’t know if there was an intended slur but the result is not worthy of C. S. Lewis. The last two books, ‘The magician’s nephew* and ‘The last battle’ deal with, respectively, thecreation and end of Narnia. Both books are strajp?d and seem to be very hard on tilescientificmethodand atheists. PerhUps it is possible for someone to read these books with pleasure.
Dianne Schaefer, 19, of engineering coordination and placement, one of the many murals in the newly finmodels before Pergola, (Chevron photo by Glen Berry) ished engineering lecture building.
Kay Britten, international folk songstress, will appear in the Theater of the Arts Thursday nightat 8. Admission to the concert is $1. Miss Britten adds dimension to her folk music through a high sense of drama and an extensive knowledge of folklore. Her English background is the reason for her particular interest in British ballads (some bawdy), but this does not prevent her from possessing a broad repetoire of foreign songs. This concert is part of Summer Weekend.
ENGINEERING COUNCIL ELECTION President Brassy looks, sassy looks.. . . . mini-skirts, hip - riders, military jackets with snap and dash, everything in a scramble of dots, stripes, and wild geometries.. . .I coordinate them and you’ve got the beat.. .
EL ECTION DAY: A. QUALIFICATIONS
1. The candidate must not have failed or be on probation from his previous term. 2. The candidate must be in 28 or 3A term, and in the faculty of engineering.
B. DUTIES 1. Duties are outlinedin the Engineering Society con stitution in Article VI Section 1 (a).
C. NOMINATIONS Open: Monday,
1967 at 9:00 a.m. Close: Friday, June 1967 at 500 p.m.
M/HEN 1’1’ (‘OMES
43 FA‘IRVIEW TO FASHION
. . . COME
PARK TO ZACKS
1. First vice-president 2. Secretary 3. Treasurer
1. The election poll will be set up in the engineering foyer and will be open be9’ and 5 on both June 28
B. QUALIFICATIONS l.The candidate must not have failed or be on probation from his previous term. 2. The candidate must be in lB, 28 or 3A term and be regi s tered in the faculty of engineering. Open: Thursday, June 1967 at 9:00 a.m. Close: Wednesday, July 1967 at 5:00 pm.
D. CAMPAIGNING DOWNTOWN
D. NOMINATIONS June
Open: Wednesday, at 9:OO Cl0 se: Tuesday, at 500
Open: Thursday, at 9:00 Cl0 se: Tuesday, at 5:00
2. Nomination forms mu st be signed by five in-term undergraduate engineering students and must also be signed by the nominee. No student can nominate more than one candidate. 3. Nomination forms can be eeri ng Society office E2339, or from Miss Peters in the Federation of Students office. Completed nomination forms should be handed in to either office. R.S. RUSSELL chief returning
Phooey on the Corpuscle Cup we won’t show up either mm
Who wants t0 win the Corpuscle Cup? Nobody! Ne know you don’t like competitions. We know you’re apathedc. We know you don’t like collecting trophies. We know youdon’t like to see the engineers loose a competition. We don’t either. We know you don’t like blooddonor clinics. We know you don’t like a needle stuck into your arm. We know you don’t like getting free
We know you coffee and donuts. don’t l&e &lg helpful. We don’t either. For the lack of any obvidus reason, the Circle K club is offering the Corpuscle Cup to the faculty with the greatest percentage of blood donors at its next clinic June 20. It will be held in the chemistry-biology link from 12:30 to 4 and 6 to 8:30 p.m. Make sure you don’t show up, eh? We won’t either.
RegistrarSet for demiseof grade13 Already the registrar’s officehas received acknowlegments for early admission of this fall’s freshma class--though grade-13 exams are stffl going on. Several hundred admissions were sent out a few weeks ago. nose wishing to attend Waterloo must return the reply card with a $50 tuition deposit. Other universities using the same procedure include TorWindsor, onto, Queen’s, Western, York and Guelph. With grade-13 ,departmental examinations ceasing next year, unf-
As the words wag on ee l
Four issues of the summer Chevron out, and no sucker appeared to grace it with a column of cute comment and illustrious illiteracy. And then plumber H. D. Goldbrick steps forth, typewriter under one arm,waving a sheaf of copy paper, jaw flapping. by Harold the
D. Goldbrick mouth
Do you remember the good old days when the local populadon wouldn’t spit on universiv students ? Well thanks to the efforts of our worthy administrationI, things are looking up--now at least they spit on us. Take, for example, TenthAnniversary Week. A telephone survey of 500 homes indicated that 60 percent of the area% population might attend the open house. Can you imagine 70,000 people tramptilg over our sacred mud ? We can’t allow it! But *will ,i_t. even stop there? The administrators might escalate and dosome landscaping or
maybe even a permanent path to the Villagel
0 Speaking of villages, on a recent trip to Toronto “the Good”, I managed to end up in Yorkville. (Like man, with that kind of traffic flow on a weekend, who can fight it?) After being endungeoned in medfeval old Waterloo for such an extended time, I had forgotten what progressive entertainment was like. There’s nothing like a dark, musty basement with a group that couldn’t get a booking at the Kent to soothe me--I’d just spent about ten bucks, was still hungry, and even longingfor a cup of good old campus-vending-machine coffee. The best entertainment of all has got to be the crowd of teenyboppers , bubblegummers, greasers, ‘Satyrday’ peddlers, hippies and other miscellaneous uncategorfzables. They make the weekend crowds of local lowlifes at Sonny’s and the Dugout resemble an undernourished congreation of the Salvation Army.
It’s at a time like this when you can appreciate good old Waterloo--maybe even Sandy B&d, venerable gripe cohnmiSt for the Kitchen-Water Reject. He’s always in there fighting to keep the tarnish on our image: us “s emi-addled ” sandaled, hairy, u n cl e a n, draft-dodger-loving, off -thewater-tower-painting, and downtaxpayer-mooching right superior university students. I don’t know exactly how he feels about engineers, but I sure won’t miss Baird’s appearance as guestspeaker at the Plumbers Soiree on Tuesday. It should be than Ralph Cowan’s funnier speech in the heart of separatist Quebec. Would you believe Nasr ser addressing the friendship club in Tel-Aviv? 0 WORDS AND ENDS: I shed a big tear on reading about the end of ‘Nightcap’. No more will I be able to watch the six most beautiful articles on the CBC: Bonnie Brooks, June Sampson and Vanda King sure are beautiful.
versities are hmtiiig to other criteria as a basis for admissions, said registrar Trevor Boyes. New aptitude and achievement tests are being prepared by the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. This year the aptitude tests were given in January, while achievement tests in English compositio11, math and physics were given in April and May. However, results were submitted to the university too late to be used. Instead the student’s grade-12 average, an estimated grade-13 standing, and theprincipal’s recommendation (based on performance during secondary school) wereused, said Boyes . Highschool students already accepted are being asked to write the grade-13 departmentals e A correlation between achievement and aptitude-test results and grade-13 final results will then be made. “We’re hoping we can process a larger portion of our freshman class in the spring,” said Boyes. “This enables us to have a better idea of who’s going to be here, how many classes we’re going to need,and how
many faculty people. It’s tied in with the whole university planning--academic and physical as well.” In the past, no planning for the freshman class could be done before the middle of August. Eventually, up to 75 percent of the firstyear class will be admitted before summer for the fall term. It will take time to become accustomed to the early admission method, said Boyes. Grade-13 students will have to make decisions regarding university early in the year. Schools must also become accustomed to submitting marks at an earlier date. Selection methods used by the tiversity as a basis for admissionare also being changed. Under the new system, the university will fallback on grade-13 results only when regular methods indicate this must be done. No discrimination against those without above-average marks will result. However, students in this situation will have to wait until grade-13 final results are out before obtaining their admission st+tLls.
July-first fireworks to be the biggest The biggest birthday party inK-W mtory will be held at Seagram Stadium the eve of Dornfnion Day, ‘“Cen-Station 67’” will feature marching bands, majorettes ) massed choirs, vaudeville acts and the largest fireworks display ever presented locally. A dance for teenyboppers will follow. The program,, on Friday, June 30, beginning at 10 pm, is sponsored by the K-W Press Club with the cooperation of the university. The majorettes include the Hamilton Tigerites, the marchFug girls for the T&Cat football club. The
3000member massed the U of W choir,
The $2 family ticket admits parents and their children under 12 to the grandstand show. Individuals are $1 each. 600 tickets at $1 will admit a teenager to both the grandstand and the dance. Regulations permit only 600 in a dance at the am* Application coupons for advance grandstand seats and tickets for the dance are availableat the bookstore, theater .boxoffice and information services .
Russia, sand, blood and mud The Chevron reserto shorten fetters. Sign if--name, course, year, telephone. For legal reasons, unsigned letters cannot be published. ‘A pseudonym Lc’ill be printed if YOU, have good reason. Double - space it. Type it, if possible -- 32 characters per line. ves
Be concise. the right
To the editor: Waterloo Cooperative Residence is also looking for this character or characters called the Toad.Certainly the Co-op has so far beenunaware of any official desire to keep up with pranks attributed to it. If the Toad wants to work under the shield of the Co-op heshould appear at our next board meeting to make sure that policies coincide. The Co-op is developing rapidly as a home-away-from-home for studIt has not been our policy to ents. become directly involved with utiversity policy. Our board has found the university very helpful. In fact this campus is one of the very fortunate campuses allowed to experiment freely withhousing. Our growth in three years to 310 members on campus shows the encouragement and assistance given by university and public officials. A board of directors is elected directly fromtheco-opmembership for *e express purpose of setting and stating Co-op policy. We would welcome the Toad to become officially sanctioned by the Co-op. The Co-op has so far had a very opendoor policy with the administration. It may be the Toad’s pet gripes could be more effecdvely handled
by the Co-op or CUS. The Co-0~ is not anti-Drank. We are simply *nettled to be idt out of policy decisions attributed to the co-op.
So-there, h4r., Mrs., or otherwise, Toad, if you wish to transfer to our pad please contact WCRI at 139 University A venue. It will be our pleasure to become acquainted with-your worldly friends. Incidentally your rabbits will require a health certificate from the city of Waterloo to become tenants of the Co-op. Rates have not been set for more than one living thingin a room. If the need arises thernatter will have to be presented to the board. Plans are being developed for expansion on Phillip Street. Wewould like to know if a special building will be needed for all the toads, rabbits, mice and chickens. Food budgets will need reappraisal. Again, we desire your acquaintance to coordinate our policies. ALVIN H. WOOD general manager of WCRI
The American involvement in Vietnam is the key to the Middle East situation. For months the Soviet union has been under pressure to create a second front to divert American efforts from the bombing of North Vietnam. Russia’s European allies have shown signs. of discontent with the Soviet Union’s inability to stand up to the Americans. Mao’s China has b.een able to score points against their allies by labelling the Russians imperialist lackeys. The third world has quietly been turning away from the USSR. Thus Russia came to supply Egypt with millions of dollars worth of military equipment and sent a considerable fleet into the Mediterranean. Russia
More than 2,000 students are expected to attend summer classes at Waterloo Lutheran. Summer sessions, lasting six weeks, will be held beginning July 4 at Waterloo and at the extension campus in Orillia. Students are permitted to take two c&lit courses in arts during a summer session. The program is especially popular with teachers seeking to upgrade their qualifications.
was ready to back up Egypt in any confrontation that Egypt could manufacture with Israel. A long, inconclusive Arab-Israeli war would have severely hampered the American war effort in Vietnam. Men and material would have been tied down in the eastern Mediterranean for possible intervention. Shutting the Suez Canal would cut off the Americans from oil and supply lines to the east would have been lengthened. Unfortunately for the Russians, they failed to consider one factor: the Israelis. The children of Israel, long spoiling for a war, took the golden opportunity afforded by the Egyptian blockade of the Gulf of Aqaba to destroy Egypt as a major military force in the Middle East. Now the Russians will have to look elsewhere for ways to occupy the Americans. Perhaps it is fitting that the Russians failed in trying to fight an unjust war by creating another unjust war.
This week men have been bleeding and dying in the Sinai desert. The real reason for this has not been too obvious. The answer to the question why is to be found in a muddy little hell some 6,000 miles to the east.
The Chevron is published University of Waterloo, Student Council and
Fridays Waterloo, the board
by the board of Ontario, Canada. of publications.
editor-in -chief: Jil1 Nagel nelvs and features: Donna McKje, Mary Bull, Frances Anders, Brian Clark, Ron Craig, Frank Goldspink, Roger LaFleur, Sandra Sa vlov, Nancy Sweeney, Kelly Wilson, Dave Youngs, Bob Verdun. Publications 744-6111 Toronto: 48 l-2950.
chairman: John Shiry. local 2497 (news), 2812 Patricia McKee, 691-7117, Kingston: Pete Webster,
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sports: Wayne Braun, Bill Snodgrass, Adrian Tre visan, Doug Woolner. photography: Glen Berry, Forbes Burkowski, Jouni Kraft, Howard Pike, Hans Stelzer, Dave Bemart, Ron Damina to, Alex Herckenrath, Larry Whi tin&. Advertising (advertising). Ottawa: Napanee
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9,. 1967 (85)
exper by Doug Seaborn Chevron
KINGSTON--The tension and acGerrard do11g Toronto’s could hardly be milled one
COILI evening last February. For hat night started the annual Can+ dian Winter Rally, a 1300-m& weekend jaunt by car through the rural roads of Ontario and Quebec. While crowds milled through a group of strange-looking imported cars over 100 crews, many making final ad justrnents to their vehicles, irnpatiently waited for their starting time to arrive. Suddenly the attention shifted to a small Ford Anglia,--immaculately prepared--whose crew were strongly favoured for an overall win. F resh from victories in two previous Winter Rallies, t eamat es Paul MacLennan and John Wilson passed under the starter’s flag at exactly 7:58 and shortly headed into the Ontario north. For MacLennan, a 31-year old Toronto firefighter, this was the sixth consecutive attempt. He won the rally in 1962, ‘65, and ‘66* Navigator Wilson, at 32, is a PhD specialist in computer science at the University of Waterloo. His five years of rallying includes a win in the famous (Shell) 4000, a trans. Canada event cf World Championship status, and two recent wins in the John Wilson checks figures while driver PaulMacLennan patiently tries to start the balking Cortina’s Ontario they carried on to the overnight stop Winter Rally. All three firsts were motor. After checking in to a time control at Bellrock, (Chevron photo by Doug Seaborn) with MacLennan as driver, and apat Kingston. parently nothing would stop them from making it four in a row. mere was little surpriselatethat night when MacLennan and Wilson reportedly checked in paalty-free to a coffee-stop at Rosseau, in the decide Eastern Canada’s entries for Three Waterloo athletes turned in with a throw of 195 feet and George But only an hour the Pan-Am Games this summer in Mus koka Lakes god performances at the Ontario Neeland picked up a second in the later heavy snow ona one-lane backWinnipeg. senior track and field championships hurdles. road packed under t.helittleAngti’s in Toronto. All three will compete IntheEasThe meet continues all day tohood, jamming the radiator against Bob F inlay won the three-mile etern Canada championships starting morrow and Sunday afternoon. There the cooling fan. ,The Ford team’s at Seagram Stadium tomor row vent with a time of 13~50. Terry were 223 entries as of Wednesday leading crew dropped out of contenWilson placed third in the javelin morning at 10. The competitions with more coming in. tion. To rally organisers, the retirement was just one of many expectThe route ed over the weekend. was planned to include some of the most challengfilg, and thus hazerwith Wayne Braun dous, roads in the province. Washouts and floods are frequent. Hidden controls check that rally traffic is maintaining set average speeds within a minute’and penalise were wondering if the U.S. team could unload a few Hello there’ all you sports fans, sweethearts those that are early or late. The of their etc. on Canada. and enemies a If I left anyone out’ please don’t feel navigation is tricky and iedious,One of the players trying out with the Canadian We loves you all, but some of you are the ins ul ted. a wrong turn or r.nis read instruction team is 6’ 2 l/2” Toronto Blues forward Jim Holowwrong color. can put even the best crews out of We actually got a fan achuk D Guess what, peoples. the rally. * * 9 It’s the first letter we’ve reletter -- oi- something. Wilson became interested in the Just a couple more notes from our correspondceived that hasn’t in some shape or form called us an sport in 1961, after graduatingfrom ent should fill this column to our boss’s content--or ass, so we sort of taok to this letter. the University of Toronto in enginsomething. This letter come-s from our hard-working coreering physic-s’ and shortly joined Quiz: What hockey player from what schoolled Said correspondent shall go respondent in Toronto. the busy MG Car Club of Toronto. U.S. colleges in scoring in 1966-67? unnamed beaus e said correspondent has dubious But he didn’t begin rallying with However we Anyone who can answer this que-s tion, without means of gathering his information. MacLennan until 1963, after Maclooking it up, may apply for the position of Chevron ‘Tuarantee said correspondent’s information is reliable Lennan had won the previous Winter sports editor at his or her--preferably her--earliest because said correspondent is a reliable corresponRally with Rod Dempsey. Since convenience. We shall answer this quiz whenever our dent. then they have rallied together with boss can catch us and force us to write another column. One piece of good news from said corresponthe Ford-sponsored Comstock Rally And cur correspondent has predicted the top dent: Hank Monteith is definitely finished as a player Team, where head mechanic Paul three college football teams in this fair nation for the with the University of Toronto Black and Blues. Cooke puts team cars into superb At least one of these will make the One piece of bad news from said correspondent: coming season. condition before the start of each college bowl, says our correspondent. Unless Don Fuller is not admitted to the law faculty event. 1. Ontario College of Art--Toronto (which “not” we all know is highly unlikely, since Of course, a team’s SUCCESS is 2. Universite du Sacre Coeur--Bathurst, NB coaches at U of T seem to have a way with academic OdY aS good as its crew. When 3. Conestogo College of Applied Arts and Techpowers), said Monteith will be the only player not asked about his driver, Wilson’s noloby--guess where returning to said Black and Blues. trust and confidence in MacLennan tlowever, such is this weary life. Let us reis obvious. AFTERTHOUGHTS sign ourselves to always being inferior (on paper) to “I don’t know what it is about The only thing left for us to do is go out For any baseball fans in the audience, the K-W the Blues. Paul...he has a funny feeJ.ing for and beat the--ah, er--clunks. Panthers play at home Sunday. They will be hosting cars. He can look at a suspension Oh yeah, the Blues should have several A-l Hamilton in that blunder called Centennial Stadium. system and tell you exactly what it It’s located behind the Kitchener Memorial Audinewcomers this year also. In the words of our fearwill do. less correspondent (remember it was our fearless torium. “During a particularly rough ralSo far, all the Waterloo students have been doing correspondent who said this, not us), “It looks bad ly, I asked him how he could drive well with the Panthers. Bob McKillop, on the mound, for Don Hayes’ boys.” at speed and still keep the car to* * * won his first start of the year. First-baseman Ron gether...He told me that he beat them Smith and right-fielder Saul (Willie Mays) Glober scientifically.” have also won regular positions with the team. Most drivers will agree that there Says our correspondent, who has been talking You can pick up a league schedule in the Federis an elusive limit to which a car witi Canadian Pan-Am basketball coach Ruby Richman ation Building. Game time Sunday is 2 o’clock. ,, can be ‘pushed’, and many go even (any untrue items should automatically be blamed on our unnamed Toronto car respondent): So till we next get in the mood for sitting down so far as to hit bumps in a certain “The U.S. is sending its best amateurs to the at this grubby typewriter, make sure you don’t get fashion, minirnizing impact stresses* Pan-Am Games--Lew Alcindor, Jim Walker, Pat drafted and sent to Israel--burn your draft card--or The need for confidence in a Riley, Bob Verga, Wes Unseld, etc.” Migawd, we anything. Shalom--or something. teamate’s ability could hardly be
EasternCan-adotrack meet at Seagram
overlooked in any successful crew. One of the Shell 4000’s more notorious closed stages is a 27-mile twisting road in the Cascade mountains , where thousand-foot drops border the gravel. Crews are required to drive this stage in the minimum possible time, and penalty points are assessed to all but the fastest car in each class. Paramount is the ability to think logically under extreme pressure. MacLennan testifies to Wilson’s ability to navigate through the toughes t sections ’ with car bouncing wildly to come up with the right answers every time. Despite the apparent danger, rallying knows few serious accidents. Most retirements are caused by mechanical breakdowns. The good record is explained in part by rigid safety inspections and the fact that crews can be disqualified for traffic violations. Blind curves and changing road surfaces require great caution,-few drivers with reckless attitudes ever become respected competitors. The cars themselves also play an important part,--only the best possible equipment, including tires and brakes is fitted, along with extra guards and braces. It has been said that rally drivers are among the most competent on the road. Equipment and instrumentation in a good rally car often resembles that in a large aircraft. Elaborate compK<ers, mileage counters, and clocks fill glove compartments and dash panels. Powerful driving lamps are carefully chosen. For timekeeping, Wilson uses a small handheld calculator called a Curta, which operate-s much like a pepper-grinder. Extra wheels, gas tanks and spare parts fill the remaining avaflable space. Wilson again led this year’s Shell Centennial rally from Vancouver to the Ontario border, where their luck changed drastically. First delayed, like most competitors, on a flooded road near Espanola’ they carried on only to lose time behind local traffic on narrow secondary roa.ds. Late that afternoon an unfortunate collision--with a sandbank during the Camp Borden special stage--forced a 500minute repair stop, with consequent penalty points 0 The Montreal finish at Expo’s Autostade left them in fifth place. “That’s what rallying is all about,” Wilson said-afterwards. ‘We were in first place for six days and everything was going fine. Then the tide turned .” Teamates Roger Clarke of London, England and Jim Peters of Rexdale came from behind to take first place overall. They also drove a Ford-Lotus Cortina’ as part of the Comstock Team. Despite it all, rallying is not without its humorous moments, Wilson recalls one story in particular that reached news reports on the 1966 Shell rally. “We needd some sort of planfor the special stags,” he began, because our fastest car would only add penalties to the other two cars on the team.” As his plan went they, as lead car, would toss bags of coloured dye out the car windows at regular intervals during a special stage. Anearlier meeting among the team sorted out details, and the foIlowing two cars would pace themselves accordingly. The first day the plan not only worked, but confused the opposition to such an extent that messages left for the team at time controls were beginning to dis appea r . But next day was adifferent story. Sensing what was happeningcompeting crews gleefully plastered the route with dye bags of every colour and description, marking the trail clearly to helicopters flying overhead.
June 9, 1967
Expo 67 is a festival of man and his world - of art and music of films, of food, of computers and The pavilion of France (above) is like a sculljture of lasers and rockets - and of architecture. sfcel and aluminum. The theme of its displays is “tradition and invention”. concrete, g/~l.ss, Expo’s spectacular architecture, like worldfairs of the past, will influence building for years to come.
Canada’s People Tree (leftj is a three-storey stylized maple tree with leaves made up of hundreds of colored photographs of Canadians at work and play. Visitors to Expo can wander through its branches and learn how we live. Behind it, the Katimavik (an Eskimo word for gathering place), a huge upsidedown pyramid, towers over theCanadian complex. There’s a spectacular view of all of Expo from its top.
“Do you always keep your money in your hair?” Entertainment at Expo varies from clowns for thekids to the Bolshoi Opera, from amateurfilmfestivals tosoccer spectaculars, the Stratford Shakespearean Festival to the Elmira secondary-school band. It’s the greatest program ever presentedin one city in one six-month period. Much of it’s free.
1,000 acres on two islands in the middle of the St. Lawrence River andon a long Expo67 covers over out to them. Four years ago when Expo started work, Ile finger of land - Citg du Havre - reaching just wasn’t. 15 million tons of rock and earth Sain te-H&&e was just half there - and Ile Notre-Dame were
Taking small to go to any
person in uniform. The shown on television every hour and their electronic notice boards. Expo security
There are many ways of getting around the huge Expo grounds. One of them is the Expo-Express, is there just to make you feel safe. Allhe completely free and completely automatic - the operator A ride on the Expo-Express is 6 good way to orient yourself to the does is push the L‘gojJ button. The Expo-Express links five stations at all areas of Expo. grounds on your first trip there.
Pedicabs are another way to saveyour feet. Although the minimum charge is 50 cents ($6 for an hour), no one seems to be charged less then $2. The drivers always seem to find the longest way from one point to another. Silent rubber-tired trailer trains, hovercraft, helicopters, gondolas, motorboats and minirail loops - going right through some pavilions - round out transportation three 2
Fairs and* exhibitions arenotnew. The ancient Chinese, Indians, Arabians, Egyptians, Phoenicians and Greeks held them. They are believed to date back as far as the time when primitive man first discovered that neighboring tribes possessed articles of food or clothing that he lacked while he himself had an abundance of commodities they needed. Soon, frontier bartering developed. The modern era of world’s fairs and world exhibitions began with the Great Exhibition of 1851, held in Hyde Park, London. Its resounding success precipitated such a spate of other exhibitions during the next 75 years that it finally becamenecessary to set up aninternational authority to restore order and regulate the staging of world ations. In 1928 the International Exhibitions Bureau was. established in Paris to define and enforce standards governing such matters as the nature, timing and operation of international exhibitions. There is a fundamentaldifference between a firs t-category world exhibition and a world’s fair. The IEB defines a fair as a marketplace where many producers have an opportunity, generally at regular intervals, to offer samples of their It has no stated educational goods. aim, but exists principallytofacilitate buying and selling. On the other hand, the immediate aim of an exhibition is to demonstrate, through ori@nality af presentation, the value and usefulness of the considerable number of articles assembled. Since many nations are involved #each providing its own ideas, this meeting and gathering of peoples serves to chronicle the contemporary era. To regulate the frequ,ency of exhibitions, the IEB has divided the world into three zones--the Americas, Europeandtherest oftheworld. A first -category exhibition--where individual countries build their own pavilions--may be held only once in two years anywhere in theworld,
face& names staff
of lost children are flashed on the huge is expertly trained,
first Mr once every six years within the same zone, and once in 15 years in the same country, And to keep the efforts required of exhibitors within reasonable limits, the IEB has limited the duration of world exhibitions to six months. There have been only twoprevious first-category world exhibitions and both were held in Brussels, in1935 and again in 1958. Expo 6’7 has the distinction of introducing first-category exhibitions to the Americas for the first time. Two recent international world exhibitior?~ in the U.S. have felt the effects of the bureau’s power--the Century 21 exposition at Seattle in 1958 and the New York fair in1964-65. Seattle was recognized as a second-category universal general exhibition but New York did not have the bureau’s sanction. A month after Canada received the IEB’s authorization &J 1962, Parliament passed anact establishingthe Canadian Corporation for the 1967 World Exhibition to organize and manage Expo 6’7, An offer .by the city of Montreal to act as host was accepted, and a unique site was chosen for the exhibition, centering around historic Ile Sainte-H&l&e in the St. Lawrence River, opposite the Montreal harbor. At this point the St. Lawrence is a mile wideand 1,000 miles from the Atlantic. The island, a playground for Montrealers for generations, was named in 1611 by the explorer Samuel de Champlain for his wife, Ha&e Boulle’. To the right of the site looking downstream is the St. Lawrence Seaway, leading to the heart of North To the left is the busy America. Montreal harbor, thelargest inland port in the world. And beyond the harbor .sprawls the city of Montreal, Canada’s largest metropolis--and the second largest F rench-sp&ing city in the world--with its backdrop of historic Mount Royal from which it takes its name. The hub of Canada’s transportation sys terns, Montreal is ideally accessible by land, sea and air.
Tobea man:takinga handin buildingthe world hopes and aspirations, his ideas and A Picasso picture,afuturisticautomobile, an underwaterhouse, apoendeavors. Thefocus shifts from rivalri es between nations to the interlar city, a dazzling film extravadependence of men of all nations. ganza, a Grecian column, an ‘ad, vanced breed of cow--the scope of The exhibition uses the mos t modem is all display EXPO'S theme pavilions techniques to dramatize man’s achievements in the realms of encompassing. ideas, culture and science. And alFrom the primitive huts of Neoliways the emphasis is on the comthic man to the supercity of the21st century, man’s world--past, present mon bonds uniting the peoples of the world rather than on the differences , and future--is on view in Montreal. real or artificial, that tend to sepExpo’s theme pavilions transcend national frontiers e and even arate them. Expo’s official symbol is a visual space and time, to present the exof the theme. The basic hibition’s thae, “Man and his expression motif of the emblem is the ancient world.” The theme buildings, costing an estimated $40,000,000, comand universal graphic sign for worline with bine drama and serenity, fear and shipping man--a vertical outstretched arms. These signs are hope, and areoverpoweringineffect. linked in pairs to represent brotherNothing less than the universal hood and friendship and joined in a man is on show. Exhibits reveal what he has done circle to syrnbolize the Exhibition’s with the atom, electronics, with his theme: “Man and his world”. land and cities s and what he has done More than 20 acres aresetaside, for theme pavilions in which the and probably will do with himself. “Man and his world” concept is Expo 67’s central unifying theme, developed: “Man and his world”, was inspired by the title of the book ‘Terre des --Man the Creator --Man in the Community hommes’ (published in English as --Man the Explorer ‘Wind, sand and Stars’bytheFrench author, poet and aviator, Antoine de 1 --Man the Producer Saint-Exup&y . The underlying phil--Man the Provider Man the Provider, the largest osophy of this work, and of Expo’s single exhibit at Expo, uses seven theme, is summed up inapassagein and a half acres to demonstrate the which Saint-Exup&y wrote: “To be a man is to have the contechniques and the problems of food viction that when one lays a brick, production and distribution in a one is taking a hand in building the world largely underfed and increaSworld.” ingly crowded. As part of the exhibit, In developing ,this theme and crops will be grown and harvested it into tangible form translating during the exhibition on a central Expo presents not merely a static ‘%un acre”. The buildings contain commemoration of man andhis achsections on soils, crops, mechanievements, but rather a dynamic ization, cross-breeding, farm manportrait of man in action. “Man and agement and marketing. his world” tells the story of man’s A fully mechanized modern dairy and a modern egg-producing plant, the improvement of herds by crossbreeding, and animal-disease control are only a few highlights of the innumerable agricultural exhibits. As an adjunct to the theme pavflions, the DuPont of Canada Auditorium has science lectures, symposia and films elaborating on the theme exhibits throughout the entire 26 weeks of Expo. Two other projects at Expo are closely associated with the theme: the National FilmBoard’s Labyrinth and the intriguing housing complex, Habitat 67. All national and private participants in the Exhibition are relating their presentations to aspects of the central theme--ranging from Greece’s “Man is the measure of all” to Scandinavia’s “Man in Llnity “, from South Korea’s “The hand of man*’ to the Soviet Union’s “Everything in the name of man for the good of man”.
Expo’s central theme, ‘Man and his world”, is developed especially in the four great theme pavilions. Don’t miss them if your time is limited. If you have several days, start each day witha theme pavilion. This is the best way to keep in mind just what Expo’s supposed to be all about. Man the Explorer, above, reviews man’s learning about his planet, his solar system and his own body. It features actual clinics with open - heart surgery and brain surgery.
Lineups are not too common on ordinary days except at the most popular pavilions When lines do form, Expo sends a band of roving the American and the Russian. musicians or clowns to keep you entertained - such as the Mexican band at right.
Reservexpo, a free, computerized service, is a way to avoid lines. It’s availableat any information booth. Al2 you do then is arrive at the special Reservexpo entrance of the pavilion five minutes ahead of time. Plan your day in advance. EXPO
Fashion parades, bands, jazz, singalongs are presented in a seat outdoor amphitheater at the Canadian pavilion - free. At the time a revolving theater inside takes you through five parts of dian history. Les Feux Follets, Quebec folkdancers, perform
Pack your or ~sample You world spend One fast,
can eat your way around the And you needn’t at Expo. your life savings doing it. plan is to eat a good breakrather late in the morning. If
1200 same Canadaily.
you stay at a place with cooking facilities , this is no problem. Then starve yourself all day. When you pass snack bars, look the other way. It’s surprising how much money a strong wffl can save you. Or pack a picniclunch. Tables and grassy areas abound at Expo’s huge site. During your day, watch for restaurants in your price range. All eating places are required to post their prices on the outside--and the offMa guide book &tAfie~~ restaurants according toprice. Plan on treating yourself to a good meal in the early evening. Around seven 0 ‘dock the lineups are gone. Restaurants abound in La Ronde. Each has its own distinctive decor and atmosphere--and a wide choice of entertainment as well. Many national pavilions serve characteristic foods in their restaurant areas as well. The restaurants at Place des Nations serve thefood of different countries on their national days. Fathers whollbegettingthecheck for four or five hungry mouths might prefer the more conventional-and very reasonable-cafeteria-style restaurants serving chicken or other hot meals for up to $2. ‘Ihe big majority ,of restaurants are moderate or low cost. Some are branches of downtown restaurants. If you*re paying only your own food bill, you can get a SLIIII~~~OLS dinner for around $4. Be exotic while you have a chance. You can eat chicken and hot-beef sandwiches at home, so try Swiss fondue,Argentinian shishkebab, Frenchflambe, Chinese won-ton or the&and& avian smorgasbord.
pavilions by Brian
thousand-acre site there are over 80 pavilions and unless you have almost unlimited time it is impossible to see everything. SO you must pick and choose in advance which you want to visit. Before you leave for Montreal and the big fair, pick up a copy of the official guidebook. It’s available for $1 at most bookstores and department stores . In it you’ll find descriptions of all the exhibits on the site, an entertainment calendar, a restaurant guide and other helpful information. Among the national pavilions, no visitor can afford to miss Canada’s. Situated on Ile Notre-Dame, the complex is dominated by a huge inverted pyramid--called Katimavik, an Eskimo word meaning “gathering place”. The huge geodesic dome of the United States pavilion is another must for the visitor. The theme “Creative America” is carried through the exhibits which include spacecraft, folklore items and a fascinating cinema section with giant photos of some of the movie greats. Don? expect to see anything really typically American except maybe the Marine guards. The U.S. has restricted its pavilion to one area of “Man and his world’* and have succeeded in creating a truly fascinating exhibit. The U.S. exhibits are few, but huge in size--chosen especially to fit the wide-openspaces atmosphere of the dome. The giant three-dimensional Union Jack topping the 200-foot tower of the British pavilion marks another exhibit which should be included in any tour of Expo, The interior of this pavilion is divided into five sections, each depicting some stage of British development. The last of these, ‘Britain today”, begins with the archetype of a British family. Then, in a television-studio setting, miniskirts, the world of pop and mod, there’s I dancing to the sounds of tickertape and go-go music. The series ends again with the typical family group and the unanswered question, 011 Expo’s
“We’re not really like that narewe?” The Soviet Union’s huge pavilion was rather disappointing. TheRussians seemed to get carried away with their new technology. If you enjoy lasers, spectroscopes, oil rigs and other technical items you will like the Russian exhibits. One interesting thing there was the space display, and simulated flight to the moon. When you get tired of walking, plan a visit to the Australian pavilion. The glass-walled building is carpeted in thick natural wool. Around the room are comfortable overstuffed chairs. The chairs talk to you about Australia--through a built-in stereo sound system activated when you sit down, The hostesses have been instructed to wake visitors who fall asleep, but they seem to be rather lax in this part of their job. The western provinces--Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Colurnbia--havedonethemselves proud with their conical pavilion. Inside, the resources of the West are realistically presented through pictures, sound effects and odors . gi;.Ngi, he day we vi.&& the section, the fish smell was shut off.) Two memorable experiences the pavilion offers are a simulated 3000-foot drop in a mine elevator and the sight of a 23-ton logging truck loaded with 75 tons of logs and placed in a natural setting. Among the pavilions sponsored by private organizations, the telephone exhibit with a 360-degree film produced by Walt Disney is outstanding. The circular film puts you in the center of the RCMP Musical Ride, on an ambulance speeding through downtown Montrf :a1 at night and ona’ brathtaking fli ,ght over Niagara Falls. Kaleidoscope, sPlonsored by six Canadian chemic XI1 compan ies, and designed by the Un civersity of Waterloo design innsrl .tute, ha:s proved one of the most DO1 ,ular exl hihtts on the Expo site. *&ide the building are three chambers eachdealing, by means of film, with the colors of morning, afternoon and evening.
A two-storey portrait of actor Humphrey Bogart dominates the movie American exhibits are few in number - but they are gigan tic in size, the wide-open-spaces atmosphere of the pavilion. The architecture that glistens in the sunlight and glows from within at night - is itself
A gigantic red-maple-leaf flag marks the biggest pavilion at Expo: Canada’s. Its designers aimed for variety in the 125 exhibits, and they got, it. Art displays, both serious and light-hearted, combine with films, computers and displays to tell how Canada happened. Provincial pavilions are nearby.
America” of dolls
display in the V. S. pavilion. deliberately chosen to match a i50-foot transparent bubble the most breathtaking exhibit.
is the theme of the U.S. exhibit. A display helps to illustrate American inventiveness. EXPO
All pavilions free with your passport Expo admission tickets are called “passports .” There are three kinds of passports--daily, seven-day and season. You might have purchased yours in advance at a discount. Many banks, department stores or travel agents are still selling their remaining stock at the discounted price.
youths are also available on the seven-day and season passports. Expo passports will entitle visitors to free admission to all pavilions. They also include free rides over the site on the Expo Express, which stops in each of the principal areas. Secondary transportation-0 minirail, tractor train, pedicabs--is available at nominal cost within each area.
Architecture is frozen music, said a German philosopher. Buildings at Expo reflect everything (right) - to the latest innovations in electronic music, such as Air Canada’s sweeping cantilever
from ancient Oriental design which seeks
traditional melodies - Thailand’s to express the spirit of flight.
What will Expo67 be rememberedfor in history? by Jim Nagel E xpo
lasts only six months. But *if it follows in the footsteps of the great fairs of the past, its influences will continue for another century at least. Medieval fairs, where international hostilities were forgotten long enough to exchange goods, played a great role in establishing standard weights and measures and business practices. . AS early as 1753 -and 1791, industrial fairs in western Europe had enormous effect on the arts and cultures of participating countries. The first world exhibition in the modern sense was the pet project of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s consort, held in London in 1851. Its ,famous Crystal Palace, an intricate prefabricated network of slender iron rods supporting walls of clear glass, had a profound effect on the architecture of the next generation. Glass and steel became common in the construction of everyday buildings. When the Crystal Palace was destroyed by fire in 1936, it marked the end of an era. The world exhibition held in Philadelphia in 1876 , celebrating the U.S. Centennial, helped introduce the simplicity of Japanese interior decoration into America. The Eiffd Tower, the symbol of the Paris exhibition in 1889, had an effect similar to the C rys ta1 Palace on architectural concepts. Over 1,000 feet high, it introduced a new art in building a new architecture anddecorative art. Structural steel has playedanimportant role in all major buildings since then. And of course theEiffel Tower has become synonomous with Paris. All a movie producer has to do to clue in his audience that the 6
scene has shifted to Paris is toputa glimpse of the Eiffel Tower in the background. The World’s Columbian Exhibition--the Chicago fair of 1893 celebradngthe4OOth anniversary of Columbus discovering America--featured a daring new amusement ride: the Ferris wheel. Named after engineer George Washington Ferris, the great wheel was 250 feet in diameter. Each of its 36 cars carried 40 passengers. And the visitor to this exhibition found another dazzling wonder: electricity. It was also here that the U.S. enthusiasm for columns on buildings began. The Pan-American exposition at Buffalo, New York, in 1901 again featured electricity. Niagara Falls, the source of the power, were illuminated with colored searchlights. It was while attending a music concert at this fair that President McKinley was tragically assassinated. Remember the tune ‘Takeme to St. LouisLouis ; take me to the fair’? That was the theme of the Lousiana Purchase Exhibition held in 1904 in St. Louis, Missouri. The crowning jewel of this fair was a display of 100 automobiles, the largest number ever before seen in one place. And it was at the St. Louis fair, one hot summer afternoon, when the icecream cone The owner of a waffle stand was invented. got the bright idea of folding his waffles into cones and putting something cold into them. The Panama-Pacific fair, held in 1915 in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal, was the first exposition where the public could take air-plane rides or see motion pictures. The Century of Progress Exhibition in Chicago in 1933-34 helped move U.S. de-
signers out of traditional more modern forms--simple ted landscaping, windowless form lighting, air-conditioning.
molds and into lines) integrabuildings, uni.
The Brussels exhibitions of 1935 and 1958 were the only two first-category universal expositions ever held until Expo 67 this year. Both of these fairs were living demonstrations of city planning. What will be Expo’s most important contribution to the future? a Expo’s use of movies is far advanced. One movie at the great fair--in thetelephone pavilion--completely surrounds you. You are right in the center of the action. On many other movie screens at Expo you are watching several pictures simultaneously . In Ontario’s excellent film, for example, the wide screen is chopped into as many as 15 separate, but related, pictures. l Architects in general, in the tradition of world exhibitions of the past, have had a field-day at Expo. This has beenan opportunity. for the world’s greatest architects to test novel and way-out ideas. One great Austrian architect called Expo “the most exciting collection of buildings I have ever Seen.” Our cities soon may sport buildings more imaginative, less drab, because of the ideas tested on the Montreal island.
0 Some feel that Habitat, the futuristic housing complex, will pave the way for inexpensive mass-produced living units to help solve the world’s shortage of housing. Habitat is an imaginative suggestion for the problems of modern cities. On the one hand it is compact--many people can live in a small area of land--and would help preserve rich farmlands from the urbansprawl.
On the other hand,ithasavisual today’s antisepdc apartment
interest that towers lack.
Or Expo may profoundly affect city plar&ing in the future. To prevent visual chaos, Expo’s designers insisted that things like water fountains, light standards, waste cans s benches, phone booth&and above all, signs--should all conform to a harmonious and elegant overall design. The result is that there is no garish jangle of neon signs, ugly trashcans, overhead wires. The signs are quiet and polite to your They’re easy to see,-but they-stay tactfully in the background until you want them. The Expo corporation’s official design manual insists that all signs and printed matter be bilingual--or better yet, in symbols instead of words -*and lettered in a modernistic typeface called &rivers. This is what it looks like: eyes.
Terre des hommes
And you’ll see triangles all over at Expo. This seems to be the basic unifying theme the designers havechosenfor thelittlenecessities of urban life--such as street furniture--and above all in the great theme pavilions. But you’ll have to be perceptive to see them, because the triangle theme is unobtrusive. 0 For a start, anyway, Expo 67 has made a deep mark on the next first-category world exposition--to be held in Osaka, Japan, in 1970. The Japanese fair officials liked the name, and have decided to call their show Expo 70. You11 see their advertising at Montreal.
When Expo’s pavilions close visitors in search of relaxation from 9:30 a.m. till 230 a.m. shows, cabaret night life,
at 9:30 each night, La Ronde becomes a magnet attracting foot-weary as well as fun. La Ronde, Expojs top-quality amusement area, is open every day. There’s entertainment galore, rides and thrills, a variety of adventure in good eating and shopping, lots of take- it-easy space.
You’ll enioy La Ronde: Eipo tops Disneyland La Ronde has the greatest to challenge the toughest of major amusement park in the Tivoli - and outdid them all.
Pavilion is both
collection of thrill-and-chill rides ever tummies. Expo’s planners visited every world - from Disneyland to Copenhagen% Most rides cost children 25~, adults 35.
specially for youth fun and challenging
What are the effects of this 1967 world on youth? How does youth react to it? What does youth want to do with it? This is the challenge of Expo’s youth pavilion in La Ronde, airned at the 15-to-30 age group. In the theme area of the pavilion, the world’s billion young people tell you who they are, what moves It’s up them and what they do. to you to judge the future they are shaping now. The activity sector takes up the
other half of the pavilion. There’s a theater, a snack bar, radio and TV studios broadcasting live every day, sports, an amateur film festival, music (jazz, classical and pop), variety shows, panels and lectures, fine arts and at night a discothkpe. It’s a place for the young of the world to meet and exchange points of view --whether in casual chats or fierce debates doesn’t matit’s the challenge that’s imter: portant.
There’s fun and relaxation for everyone from toddlers to greatgrandmothers as Expo’s La Ronde brings a new dimension to worldexhibition amusement areas. Since La Ronde will become a permanent amusement park after Expo, the Montreal fair could create a high-quality family amusement area rather than the carneyatmospher e the temporary nature of exhibition amusement areas usually brings. For example, a glorified world-of-tomorrow thrill ride costing $3 million, suchasExpo’s Gyrotron, would not be feasible for one six-month period. La Ronde is not long-hair--not by any means. It features rides .. . games ;..spectacles. You can still be thrilled, amazed or entertained. However, when someone mentions the F rench-Canadian Village,
it means a whole area, where all activities and even boutiques are housed in authentic stone buildings hand-built by stonemasons--not some cheap effect created by painting a few trees on thefrontof a canvas tent. La Ronde is a unique blending of entertainment, thrilling rides, good eating, cabaret nightlife and boutiques from the four corners of the earth with ample facilities for relaxation. It caters to varied tastes in entertainment and different age groups and the overall effect is distinctly Canadian. Such highlights as the City of Montreal Aquarium andAlcanDol= phin Pool, the Children’s World, the Youth Pavilion, the International Carrefour, the Marina, the Garden of Stars, Dolphin Lake and special rides such as the Gyrotron,Sky
Ride, La Spirale and theFlumeRide will all attract their own enthusiastic crowds. The universitality of the area is perhaps best typified by the Garden of Stars, which is an all-purpose entertainment center. \The center’s full schedule of entertainment caters at different hours during the day to children and teenagers, and in the evening to adults. It is designed so that it can be converted from a straight theater toamodestly-priced nightclub in a matter of minutes. Most of thedistinctive restaurants and rest areas on La Ronde are situated so that visitors, in the mood to take it easy, can watch the activities on Dolphin Lake. This lake, 1,000 feet long, 700 feet wide and 40 feet deep, is the scene of continuing ’ attractions. There are spectacular water-skiing exhibitions and precision boat shows several times a day, fireworks displays every midnight and Dancing Waters, sponsored by Westinghouse, which has been especially designed and built for Expo. It is the largest and most complex unit ever conceived with more than 1,000 different fountain effects set tomusic and enhanced by colored lighting, all controlled from a giant console. Whether you are riding an ostrich in the tropical jungles of the Safari area, transported to a dream world in the Latema h&q&a fromczechtesting your nerves on oslovakfa, EX~O’S top collection of thrill rides from around the world, trying your luck in the skill games area, or just watching the preschool set screaming with delight on the scaled-down rides of the Children’s World, you’ll find your kfnd of fun in La Ronde.
expO67extra This special section on Expo 67 was produced by the Chevron, the University of Waterloo student newspaper. editor: Fort Edmonton brings the exciting days of the old Canadian West to La Ronde. The Gold Rush atmmphere lives again in action-packed saloons, general stores, barbershops and the Royal North-West Mounted Police cells. The Golden Garter Saloon (above) has Flora Dora girls. singing waiters, banjo players, cCstampede” sandwiches and beer served from the barrel. The Wake-up- Jake Saloon has f lapjacks and sourdough.
photography by Brian Clark and Ralph Bishop
C&‘S huge pavilion at Expo sedimst a mirror image of the c0umy itself. Like Canada it appears to have grown quickly and rather haphazardly. but is all the more interesting because of this. It’s the biggest and mat e.xFensive of all the pavilions at Expo. Dominating the canpl~ is a gigantic inverted pyramid called the Katimavik--Eskimo for gathering place.
A rather dubious explanation is given for the existence of the Katimavik. Apparently all of thepavilion had been plannedexcept the main focal point. One evening a cleaning lady left an ashtray on a partially completed model of the buildings . When the designers saw it they were convinced this was exactly the shape they were.looking for. There is an observation platform around the top which provides the best overall view of the Expo site. The People Tree is a large treelike structure with 1,500 ‘leaves’* printed with photographs of Canadians at work and play. Visitors can walk up stairs and see all of the photos. lbe overall effect is a series of casual snapshots of the life of Canadians. An outdoor bandshell presents folksingers, jazz groups, orchestras and fashion shows, Daily performances of Les F eux Follets , a Canadian folkdance group, are featured in the Indoor theatre. The art-gallery section of the Canadian complex features a display of 40 photographic portraits by Karsh of Ottawa as wellas graphics, WatercolorsandCanadianfinecraf~. The film in the Canadian pavilion is rather different. The audience moves from section to section on a large turntable. Thefivedifferent films deal with history-pioneer life, Confederation, development after
Confederation and modern Canada. The resources area of the exhibit demonstrates how Canadaharnessed her energy and fed herself. The transportation and cornmunications area shows how goods and people are moved in our vast land. In the changing-times area the visitor is confronted with the cballenges of today and tomorrow. ,The Canadianpavilion is also the headquarters for the IBM computers which provide many automatic services on the Expo site. Here you can talk to the computer directly and even argue with it about political questions. “Two restaurants and two snack bars in the pavilion complexprovide typically Canadian meals and refreshments,” says the guidebook. The hotdogs and sandwiches and all that kind of thing may be. But let’s hope visitors don’t think what La Toundra (the tundra) serves is typically Canadian--buffalo steak and iklaluk (Arctic char). On the other hand, maybe if we tried it we’d l&e it. Outside, U!& a two-headed 30foot monster, rises from a lagoon once an hour. breathing fire and smoke. On another lagoon, radiocontrolled model ships give a fascinating display of Canada’s coast guard. Now and then some wild ducks, who’ve decided they like Expo and Expo visitors* handouts. join in the naval show. It’s difficult to see how a visitor could get a good look at our huge pavilion in less than three hours. It would be best to set aside the better part of a day to seeCanada on display. Complementing the exhibit buildings are the Sanctuary, a non-denominational place of meditation and the Children’s Creative Center. a place for directed play for children aged six to eleven.
TheCanadian and provincial pavilions are concentrated at the south end of Ile Notre-Dame with acres and acres of lagoons andpicnic grounds behind them. A corner of the Quebec pavilion is at lower left, and Ontario’s multipeaked white roofline behind it. The sprawling Canadian pavilion and its outdoor bandshell dommate the picture, with the St. Lawrence and Montreal’s skyime in the back&x lm
Ontario comes on as swinging If the Ontario pavilion at Expo is any indication, we live in the swinging-t province inCanada.The image presented isn’t the solid stodginess you might expect. The $8,5CO.O00pavilion is bright and open. surroundedbyhugechunks Ihe youthfulness of of granite. Ontario seems to be emphasized from the very start with a display of children’s art. Visitors to the pamon are especially fascinated with the bilingual robots who perform a play describing careers in Ontario. Entitled ‘A time and place for choosing”. the play presents opportunities in arts, sciences and other fields in Ontario.
The blue minirail takes you on a leisurely four-mile trip around, through and under much of Expo. It’s where you’ll see Ontario in a way you never just emerging from a corner of the Ontario pavilion, thought of it before. Ontario has one of the best films and some of the best restaurants at Expo. Rough-hewn granite blocks, K-foot evergreen trees and two lagoons provide an authentic setting.
Another part of the pavilion deals with the teen scene. Go-go dancers flash on TV screens while pop music fills the air. Bikes, radios, records, sports etpipment andbooks --all parts of a teenager’s life are combined for effect. Other displays feature inventtons and developments of Ontario residents. One Czthe most interesting truck. of these is Sir Adam Beck’s This is the vehicle loaded With electrical appliances and a portable generator which he II.& to help sell the Ontario people on hydro. Over $200.000worth of salpure on loan from private collectors ln Ontario is also on display. Included are works by Degas, Rcdin andHeruY Moore.
is a big
there are six different pictures on “A place to stand, the screen at the same time. a place to grow-The sound track is another of Ontari-ari-an-o.” the film’s drawing cards. SoundThat’s what the theme song of effects are recorded on eight stereo the film in the Ontario pavilion has tracks so that the viewer is SIXThe l’l-minute, multito say. rounded by sound. The theme song image filmhas received ravenotices has unexpaedly become a bit and from reviewers around tie world. at the urging of officials of the By combining as many as 15 pavilion. it has been released as a separate images on the screen at record. Industries. sports, natural reone time, the director has created sources. cities-are all part d the an exciting impression of Ontario. Ontario scene. Sometimes one half And he solves theproblemofbilingualism by using only movies and of the screen eontrasrS startlingly with the other ha& The mast music--no commentary at all. If you look dosdy you might effective example is anautomotlve see yourself in the brief sequence automobile assembly line on the left and on the right a wrecking on the Elmira maple-syrupfesdval. It lasts about five seconds and yard.
Published on Oct 26, 2011
Robert Cavan agh Bruce Bodden results coming out the following As usual, the registrar’s offfce week. is besieged with phone calls, all of F...