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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

ROOFTOP URBANISM Urban Ecology of the Oktapbangs in Changshin-dong, Seoul

Oktapbang, rooftop rooms, are mostly single room unit rentals of illegally converted staircase bulkheads on the rooftop of 3-5 story multifamily low-income housing buildings called “villas”. Due to the lack of affordable housing especially for the growing population of single person households, Okatapbangs have become ubiquitous throughout the low-rise residential districts of Seoul. Recent K-dramas have romanticized the Oktapbang as a transition space for young people with big dreams, with its large open rooftop terrace with glamorous views of the city. But in reality Oktapbangs are illegal housing that have barely working plumbing, leaks and no proper heating and bare minimum insulation during the winter. Renters have minimum protection against forced evictions and rent increase. In 2014 the government initiated a program to allow legalization of illegal Oktapbang construction but due to additional cost required to process additional architectural documents and surveys, the program was not successful. We investigate the urban typology and ecology of the Oktapbang to identify the problems and possibilities of rooftop housing. We propose to facilitate more single-person housing utilizing the rooftops but with construction systems that can meet basic code and living standards. We also propose federal and city grants and subsidy programs that can facilitate the owners to actively expand on a new type of rooftop housing for the city and also protect tenant rightsh. This in turn will help regenerate the commercial fabric of neighborhoods through the influx of young single person households.

sources: https://www.yna.co.kr/view/AKR20190322056200797 https://www.mk.co.kr/news/realestate/view/2014/10/1320769/

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

TIMELINE

「㪸☐⪓ᙛ⪓ᛇ セ᳧⿓ㅷ「⪨⾷⬃ᾏ⾛㈟Ⰿ㈟ 㽃᪏᷀᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄㠜「㪸☐⾷⬃ᙗ㋣㼿ᛇㅯᱻ Ⰷ㎸㉬⾬シ᳋㰓᳋ᾏ⾛㈟⪓⏄

セ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄「⪨「㪸☐⾷⬃᪏ᬧ⑬㼣⪛

セ「㪸☐⪛ㅟ♻Đ᪏ị⎳㽰⛜㽛䀻᪓᳋đ ㅷⳇㄿ㙿㎧⍣⠫ᛧ㽃᳧᪏⬘ㅛ㽰⛜㽃ᗧㇼㄫ ㎄》㽛㞐᷀㇨ㄣ≃㇧㎧⍟ㅣ≃ể⇓᪓᳋

セ᳋☐ᩧ⪨ᗧᙛ┣⬃❯⿓㉬⾬シỘ⑬Ⰿ㈟

セ゗ゟ㎄㽃ㄿ᳧䄛㽀⫄⒐⏋ㅷ⪛

⪨ᗧᙛ┣⾷⬃❯ㅛ᩿❯♼㎄㝼ḃ「㪸☐⾷⬃ ㆇㅷᴿ᳋☐⿓㉬⾬シỘ⑬ㅛⰏ㈳᳋

ᛧ⼬ᝓⳇ⎣᷀᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄㠜㽃ㄿ᳧䄛㽀⫄ ⬟ᠧ⒏⼏「㪸☐⾷⬃⒐⏋ㅷ⪛

⎳ᗧᝓ

セ⫄䁃ᛇỘ⠫ᛧ᳧ㅷ⪛ㅮ἗Ⅳ

セĎ「㪸☐⿓⬘ịď♻㊫ᚤᚫ∠

⬃ゟᗼ᷀ᝓ㚃䀟᷀㠜「㪸☐⾷⬃⫄䁃ᛇ⾷ⳃ᳓⎗ ᳧᪏⬘ㅛⲋⲋ≃⒐⏋ㅷ⪛ⳋ㎨Ộㄣ≃ㅟ㽃⫄䁃ᛇ⍣ ⠫ᛧ㽛ⲋⲋ≃⒐Ⰿㄫᨱᱻㅛịㅛ᱿ᛇㅯ᳋

㝃៣「㪸☐ㅛ᩿シ⋟Ộㄿ䀣ㅷ⪓ᱻ⿓⬘ị⎳ㄫ᭟⎗ ♻㊫ᗧㅮ἗Ⅳ☃⫄ᚤ㘗Ộ⾷Ď「㪸☐ᚤᚫ∠ďㅛ᪛∋㈳᳋

セ「㪸☐᪏⏋ᗼᗫ⪛ㅟ⪓ᙛ ⬃ゟ⬃᳧┟ᝓ䀴㈃᷀「㪸☐㡐ㅬ㽛⾟Ჯᠧ⒏⼏⍣ 䄰᠗≃ル㿸◶ᗼᗫ⪛㽛᷀⫄ᗼ㈃㝻㽰

♼⼯ᛧ∏ᱛⲋ᠗⪓ セ「㪸☐Ộ⭳ៃ⒏❯♼ᙛ㝼┣ ᬫᗫ㽃ⳃ㇨ㄣ≃⽸⬘䀻

セᙛ㝼ៃ㈃᳧㷔〫䀻セㅣⳃ㽰⿯ㇼ

ᚤ㾌ⳇ┟ᬫセㅣ Đ「⪨㋣ᙗⳃ⬋⽸⬘䀻đ⬃ゟⳃㇼᛣ㈃⯿ゐᙧ㮇 ⬃ゟⳃᱻ᠗㉛᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄿ❯♼「㪸 「⪨㋣ᙗ ⳃ⬋ ⽸⬘䀻Ộⳃ◣ịㅛ㈃⼯㽃ⳃㇼ⮫ⳇᛣ㈃ ⿓ᙛㄫᘃ⬇᳧⪨ᛣ㈃≃⬇ㇼⳃㇼ⾷㇨០ ◿⿨㪋≃㽯᳋

ᘃㇼ⼯⾷⬇㠜ㄫ〓⎛ᚤ゗㠜❧❫⎳㇫㚛ᙛ┣᭹ㅛㄿ❫ㄿㅛ⪨ Å゗ᶫ≄᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㄿ「㪸☐⬋㠿ᗧ⪓ⳋ⪨㾯ゐḃ⬯ㅛ᳋

᝔㮇᜷㮜❧ᱻᙛ㝼♼∠⾷㇨㽐㼿㎧⼱ᙳ㎧⾛㈳ᙗ᩿❯♼ ⯿⬇ḃ㋣ᙗゐᙛ㝼┣ㄫ⽸⬘䀻㼿ᱻ㲠ㇼᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼ㅛㅣ❧㬗ᬫᗫ㽃ⳃ㇨ㄣ≃ⳃ㽰

セᙛ┣ď「㪸☐ď⽸⬘䀻㝻㎫ ◣㋣᳠ㄧㅣㅛ⍟◻ 「㪸☐ ㅛⅣᛇ❯⎓ᱻᙛ┣「⪨ㄿ⭳ៃ⒏㋣ᙗᛜᗫỘ 㶰◟⎳ㄿ⭳ៃ⒏㋣ᙗゐル♼ᙛ㝼┣ㄫ⽸⬘䀻㼿ᱻ㲠⚫♼⎯∏ㄫ㝻㎫㪋≃㽯᳋

㋣㫄ル♼ᙛ㝼៰㎄

セC「㪸☐Cㅛ⪓Ⅳ㎫᳋

᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᙛ㝼〫䀻≃ㅟ㽃 ル♼ᙛ㝼┣ㅛ㩓ᙳ㎄ᗧ 「㪸☐⬋㠿ᙛ

⬃ゟⳃ⾷἗⍛⑛┣㫘㩓Ộ「⪨ᙛ㝼┣ㄫៃ㈃㼿ᱻĎᙛ㝼┣「⪨⬋ᚫ᠗㋧⼯ďㅛ ᪛᳓❧㬗ⳃ㽰ḏ⾷἗Ⅳ「㪸☐ㅛ⽅ㄣ≃ᱻ⾫ᚐៃ㈃ḃ᳋

⬃ゟㅟ㚔ᬫᗧᝓ㋣ᙗ⠯ᛋㄏ  ⼫㳳㲟⾷「⪨ㇼシ㚒Ộㆌ ⬃ゟⳃ⽸㚃ᝓⳇㇼ㫄㎧㎧ᝓ

616ㅟⲋ㪧៟↏ㄇ㽰

ᛧᛸ䀟㬻ㅣ◿ㄳⳄㇷㄿ「た⿨⾬㾯ゐ

「㪸☐ ㅟ᠗⾬ᛇ᷀ᙗ⪓ㅛ㲟៰㎄ ᷀ᙗᛧ∏⪓ㅛ㲟☐┟ㅷ⯿㽃᳓⎳⾷ḷ☗ㅛ⪨៰㎄

「㪸☐㴏⬿ 㴏⬿⒗ᗼ㪧 ◣⭳⏋㳗㡛ᛇ㴓㠇ỘểⅣ⎯⭴ㄿ⪨❯㳗

⬃ゟⳃㄿĎ㧏⋏㻫 &RRO5RRI ď⪓⾬ 「㪸☐⾷┛⊳≃䅗㘏⿛㵿ㅟ㲟⍣ 㡇㽛㋣ᱻ㢇㵿ㅟㄫ㝻㎫

 

⎳ᗧᝓ

⎳ᗧᝓ

⎳ᗧᝓ

⠫㋣㫄⠫Ჷ㼿゗ⲋᛇⳃシ「㪸☐Ộ ㅷ⊳㽃᝔ᶫⳃ⿗ᝓ⭳㮜ᚫ㚔









᳧㇫ḷ䀿᳧᭟㫃゗᝗⪓ㇼᝳ











᳧ᠧ⿨⪣᳧㮜∠┟◣ㇼ❧







᳧ᠧ᳧㋸᳧㮜∠᝔◣ㄿㇼ❧















᳧᭟┛㿫᳧㮜∠㘟⿓ㇼ❧



⬃ゟⳃ「㪸☐ᙗ㋣ᗧᝓ

㇫᝔「㪸☐ᙗ㋣ᗧᝓ

⎳ᗧᝓ

⠫㋣㫄ᙗ㋣ᗧᝓ⯿

᳏ル⎳ᗧᝓ ㅷ⊳㋣ᙗⳋ㫃㉗⪓᝔㮇᜷㮜❧

 

 

㇫᝔「㪸☐ᙗ㋣ᗧᝓ

 

⬃ゟⳃ㝃㇧㋣ᙗ᠗㋧◟᳓ᗧᝓ

 

⎳ᗧᝓ

ᬫ᳧㋸◿᳧᳧㇨ㅟ ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᙛ㝼❷ㅛㅣ⾛᪓᳋



⎳ᗧᝓ

⎳ᗧᝓ

 

⎳ᗧᝓ

❧᷀⪗ᚤ᠗㡏㚛≃៟᷀⼯☐㠿ᷣㅯᴿ㋣㫄ᗧㄿ ⠯㬗⎯᳋᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㅛ⬃ḿ⇓ị⾛⬃ᛇㅯᛇ ⳓ㎧⾛␧㑈㽃᠗㉛㋣㫄ㄫ㾷⾛᪛⑛⬃ᠳ㎧ ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄫ㎺ᱻ❷ㅛㅣ⾛᩿ᛇㅯ᳋

79ểⅣ⎯o⿯᲌⾷⬃᪔⎳㇨⓿⪓ ᳧「㪸☐ᙗ㋣䅓⏄ㅷ᱿⾛



 

ㅛ䁳㘤᳧⬇䂫⛛㮇≇䁳⾷⬃ Ď「㪸☐ďㅛⅣᱻ᳏⾛⒗Ⅳᛋぼ

᳧㿼ᙛ┣ᤔ᳧᠗⬃⿨䀻⿗㋣䁳ㅮ᳓⼫ ⑬᷀⾷ㅯᱻ᳧㿼⪨ᗧịㅛᙛ┣「⪨ㄫ ┟䀻ᛜᗫㄣ≃ᘃ☐ᗨ㉬┟䀻㽰⪓⍣ᘃ㝃

⏋ㅣᚤ㈃ᬫセㅣ

ㅛ㫃シ⬘⯿᷀Ộ ⋏㻫㪸㡛㵿⇯ⲋ㮇ⅸㄇ㽰



᳧ㅛ⑬◼᳧㮜∠ㇼ❧









⎳ᗧᝓ

Ď「㪸☐ďㅛⅣᱻ᳏⾛ᗧ┟㽀ㅸ㹯⾷㚒 Ộㆌ㽏ㄣ≃⬃᳧㋸ị⾷ᙳ⼳∋㎷

⬃ゟⳃ「㪸☐ᙗ㋣ᗧᝓ

᳏ル ㅷ⊳◣᳓㴤ㅛㄇᲯ』



᳧◼៣䀃᳧㮜∠ㇼ❧



㿫ㇼ❧

ᛧ∏⭳⬋79ểⅣ⎯⿨䀻Ộ᳧㋸⏋㚛⼯ㄿ「㪸☐

◼⪨゗⭳⬋Ď᪛⎯ㄳㄿ「㪸☐ď㉗ᚤⅧ⭳⬋ Ďᗧ㉘ㄿ᠗シď䁐◟᩿Ⰳㇼ⎳䀻Ď゗⎓ᱻ᠟ㅪㄧㅸㄧ⪯ ⍣⛛⼿᳋ďỘ「㪸☐ㄫ☗ᚤㄣ≃㼿ᱻ┟㽀ㅸ㹯Ộㆌ

ᬫ79ểⅣ⎯Ď㳳⎓ㄿ⿗ㅟď 「㪸☐ㄫ☗ᚤㄣ≃㼿ᱻ79ểⅣ⎯Ď⑬ⅸ⭳ᬧ⬘ᛜ᠗ďỘㆌ

ㅟ㬗ᬞ⭳⬋Ď「㪸☐ᛇ⽸ㅛď79ểⅣ⎯㈃ㅸ 79ểⅣ⎯Ď㚃᝔ㄿᚫ᳏ď⿨䀻ĎⳘ៧㍯ďᘃ⛰

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

79ểⅣ⎯Ď「㪸☐〼⬟ㅷďĎ᪛἟⬃⿨ㅛď

79ểⅣ⎯Ď◟ᬧᛜⳓㅛď

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

ACTOR MAP

⋏㻫㪸⇯ⲋ㮇ⅸ

⪨᳧㇨ㄣ≃㇧∛㽃セ⬟

「㪸☐㚔ᬫ⯿ほ៰㎄

⽣たᛜᗫⳄ⪓

㚔ᬫᗧᝓ㋣ᙗ⠯ᛋㄏ

㷔⿣㝻ル䀻㆓⛛⼯㟏⽤

᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄 ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄

❯♼ᙛ㝼┣

ᗧ⬋ᙛ㝼

᳏ᶬ㋣㫄

「⪨

㋣ᙗ

ᛜᗫ

♼ៃㇼ㘬 㲠⚫♼

㮜ᚫ

616┟䀻

「㪸☐ URRIWRSKRXVLQJ

┟䀻

⭳ៃ⒏㋣ᙗゐル♼ᙛ㝼┣⽸⬘䀻㲠⚫♼

,QVWDJUDP ㄇ㽰

᳧㋸┟䀻 ⿨䀻 ┟㽀ㅸ㹯

㋣㫄ㅫ᳧㘏⛛䀟♼

⪓䁳

「㪸㴏⬿ㄇ㽰 「㪸☐⯿ほ៰㎄

79ểⅣ⎯

᪛⎯ㄳㄿ「㪸☐

㚔ᬫ⠯ᛋ

ᗧ㉘ㄿ᠗シ ㎧❼ルㄿ⪓ⅳị

⪓䁳┟㈃

⪓ᛇ ㅷ⪛ ᶬⳇ⿓⬘⬘㷔㽰

「㪸☐ᛇ⽸ㅛ ᷀ᙗ┟䀻

⑬ⅸ⭳ᬧ⬘ᛜ᠗ ◟ᬧᛜⳓㅛ 「㪸☐〼⬟ㅷ

᪔⎳

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

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HYP HYPE HY H YPE YP YP PE ER H HY Y PO PO S E OU EO EOU EOUL O UL OUL UL / R ROOF ROO RO OOF O OO OF O FT TO TOP OP O P UR URBA U RBA R B BA BANIS AN NISM NIS IIS ISM SM S M HYPER HYPO SEOUL ROOFTOP URBANISM

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

TRANSFORMATION OF HOUSING TYPOLOGY

⪯⎯ㄫ㋣㫄

㠜᳏ᶬ㋣㫄

ㅬⳄ❧⾳ⳋ᪛ぼⳋㅛị⾛⬇㎸

䀻ㆌⳋㄿ⯿㎄ᗧᙗⳋៃ⒏䀼᳧⼯☐ᛣ❧⾳ៃ⒏䀼᳧ ❧⾳☐㶷㎧』⯿⛛ㅣ⇓ᶫㅬ

᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄 ᛜᗫㄫ❫㽇㼿⿓⭳ㄇ㼿㎧⼱ᱻㅣ㉬ㄿㅫ᳧㋣㫄

❯Ⅷ⬃㋣㫄 ⛛ㅣ⇓᪃☐⛛៰㎧㼿⛛ㅣ⇓ⳋ᳋Ⅴ⛛㶟䀻

⼫㳳㲟

ᛇ㠜㋣⪨⛜㽐᳏㎧

シ⋟

㋣ᙗᛜᗫᛣ⪨⾬ᛜᗫㅛ⛜㽐ḃᙛ┣

☐䀻ㆌⳋᙛ㝼♼⪨᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㅛ᩿ᶫⳃ㿼⫄䁃㋣㫄 ⪓┛ⳋ≃ᙛ㝼㾯ᗧ☂ㄧᛚㄫ❯♼ᘃ㉗㽃ᚤ゗ᶫ㉛㆓

᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄

᳧㎧⑛㇨᳠ᙗ㋣⬟᳧⯿ᗧ⎵ᛇᙗ㋣◧ᶫᗧ᭹⼫㎷

㼿᩿ㄿᙛ㝼┣⾷ᗨᗨᶬ⎤ḃ⫄䁃ㄫ㽇⯿ㅯᛇ ᝓ❫⭳ㄇ〧❫⽸ㅛᗧ᲌㽃ㅣ㉬ㄿᛜ᷀㋣㫄

ᬫ᳧᳏ᶬ㋣㫄 ⪯⎯ㄫ㋣㫄❯Ⅷ⬃㋣㫄

ᬫ᳧㠜᳏ᶬ㋣㫄᳧᳏㎧⼫㳳㲟᳏㎧Ộㆌ

ᬫ᳧᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄◶᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄ㄿỘㆌ

ᬫ᳧ᛇ㠜⼫㳳㲟᳏㎧◶㋣⪨⛜㽐

ᬫ᳧ᶫⳃ㿼⫄䁃㋣㫄

ᬫ᳧⪯⎯ㄫ゛᷀ᛣ⬃ᝓⳄ⫄䁃☐Ⳅ㎧㾌⾷἗Ⅳ 㽃「㋸ⳓㄿ㋣㫄ᝓ㉗⾷⬃ㅣ◿᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ᛜ៰ㅛ䀼᳧ ᭴㛳ᛣᶫⳃ㋸⪗㠜ㄿ㋣㫄㿼㫃ㄿ⚧ᚤ ᫺ㄧ㼫㎧≃ㅟ㽛˲˸㿼㫃ㄿ⼯⎯᳠ㅛㅯᱻ㿼㫃ㄿ᳏ᶬ㋣㫄

᭟㫃䂫ㇼᝳ⎳䀟㋣㫄ᙛ⬋ᚫ䁴 ៣≃ㅷ〧ᶫⳃ⿨⬟◣ㄿ㋣ᙗ⼯ㇼㅛ⒐㹃 ⿨ᝓㅫ᳧㋣㫄ᛜ៰㇧⭳Ễ┛㋣㫄៣≃ㅷ᳧⪨ㄣ≃៣≃⛜㎧㋣㫄 Ộ㋸⪗ᚫ㠜ㄫル㽃ㆌ᠗ㅫ᳧㋣㫄◶⭳㿼❫⽸㋣㫄ᙛ⬋⾷⬃ᛜ៰ ᳧᳏ル㫄㎧ᘃ☃ㄫ㮜㽃⼫㳳㲟ᛜ៰

ᬫ⭳ៃ⒏ㅫ᳧㋣㫄ᛜ៰ㄣ≃᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㅛᛜ៰ ᬫㅛ䂫ᬫ᳧㛯ᠳ㎧⬃ゟⳃ㇫㚛㋣㫄ᙛ⬋┣↰ㄿ ㅛ⪨ㄫ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄◶᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄ㅛ㘏㎧ ᬫ᳧ㅛ䂫㇫㚛ᛜ៰↰ㄿ⍣㘏㎧

ᬫ᳧⫄䁃㶟ㄿ⍣᭹ㅛ᠗ル㽛㋣ᙗᛜᗫᛣ⪨⾬ᛜᗫㅛ ⛜㽐ḃᛇ៰㋣⪨⛜㽐⼫㳳㲟ᗧỘㆌ㼿⑗㋣㫄ⳃㆌㄫ㋣ᶫ

ᶫⳓㄫ㋸ⳓㄣ≃ㅟᗧᝓㄿ㎄ᗧ≃ㅟ㽛シ⋟ᛇⳃシỘ⭳ៃ ⒏㋣㫄ㄿ㎄ᗧ≃⭳ៃ⒏㋣ᙗ⾷㇨㽐㽃㋣㫄ㄫᛜ៰㽃᳋ᱻᶫⳃ 㿼⫄䁃㋣㫄ㇼ㘬ㅛỘㆌ

៟⇓᩿ᶫⳃㅟᝓ㎄ᗧ≃ㅟ㽛᳏ᶬᗧᝓㄿᙗ㋣㿼Ⳅㄣ≃ᱻ⯿ほ⍣ ᗷ᳠㼿㎧⒢㽏㋣㫄ㅛ㋧ᛜḃㅛ䂫⿓⇓ᗧᝓᗧᙗ㋣㽇⯿ㅯᶫ≄ ㄳ⬘㇨ㅟ❯♼ᘃ㉗ᗧ⬘㽰 「㪸☐Ộㆌ

⼫㳳㲟ᙛ⬋䀟䁐ㄣ≃⼫㳳㲟㇫⏋㈃㽃ៃ㈃Ộㆌ ⪨ᗧ〧⼫㳳㲟ᗧ⛜㽐ḃᛇ៰㋣⪨⛜㽐⼫㳳㲟ᗧỘㆌ㼿⑗ ㋣㫄ⳃㆌㄫ㋣ᶫ

⪯≃゛㋣㫄ㄇ㿼ㄫ♼㈃ᶫ⾷ᶫㅬ ᬫ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᬫ᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

11


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

TRANSFORMATION OF HOUSING TYPOLOGY

᳏ᶬ㋣㫄

᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄

᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄

ᬫ

ᬫ

ᬫ

ᘃㇼḃ ᙛ㝼♼ⳃ㽰∠⾷⬃ Ď㼿᩿ㄿ ᙛ㝼┣⾷ シ㡀㇨ㄣ≃ ᗧᝓᗧ ᙗ㋣㼿ᶫ≄ ḃ ㋣㫄ďㄫ

᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄ㄧ ㋣㫄 ⎳䀟 ㇼ㘬ㄿ 㼿᩿≃ ♼∠⾷ ៣ᙗ㼿㎧ ⼱ᛇ ㎧㡏⾷ ㄿ㽛 ᶫㅬḃ ㈃ᶫ

ᙛ㝼♼ㄿď㎧㼿㠜Ď⾷᳧㽃ゐ⾛ㄿㇼㄿ⾷᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㅛⅧ᳏⾛ᗧ㙿ㄳỘㆌ

᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㅛⅣᛇㇼㄿ

᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᛣ 㿼㫃⪨ㄣ≃ᱻ ㄇ⪓㼿㎧⎳ ❫⽸ㄫ ❯㾯㼿ᛇ ㇫⬟⎳ 㾯ゐ㼿ᱻ ㋣㫄ㄣ≃

⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿≃ៃ㈃㽇⦷㠜⯿⾷᳧㽃᠗㋧ㄧ㉛㆓㼿㎧⼱⼿ㄳ

᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㄣ≃❫⌿ ᙛ㝼㠜⯿ᱻ㠜ㅛ㼿≃㈃㽃㠜ㄫ㼣≃㳗㋣㘏ㆌㄣ≃㽃ᚤ゗ᱻ㠜ᠳ㎧㾯ゐ

ᬫ ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㅛᶫㅬ᷿ᛇ᩿⬃᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㄫ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄䀻㼿᠗ル㽛た❧ᚫ᳏ㄫ⬋㠿㼿ᱻ⪓∧ᗧ

ᬫ ᝓ㚛㇨ㅟᙛ㝼᠗㋧㈃ㇼ㠜ㅛ㼿≃⬟᳧㛯ᛣ㽇⯿⾭ㄳ

⎵⼿᳋㼿㎧⎳㾯ゐ᷿㎧⼱⼿᳋

ᬫ

㝻䂫⬟᳧ᠳ㎧㝻ᗧᗧ᲌

Ď⬃ゟⳃᙛ㎧

ᙛ㝼♼⾷ㇼⳄゐᶫ≃❫⌿㼿⑛⬃Ď㠜ď ㎧⪨⾷⬃㝃ᛇ㠜ㄫ᫿㎧⒢㽃᳋ᱻㄿ◟

៟⇓᩿᳠ⳃ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄿᙛ⎤ㄣ≃a㠜᳏ᶬ㋣㫄㎧ㄿ◣シ៰㎄

ㅛ ⼫Ჳ Ďᘃ㠜ď ᙛ㝼┣ㄿ 㜄 㠜⯿⾷ ❯ᝓ㼿ᛇ ᳋ᗧᝓ≃ ⪓ゐ᷿ᱻ 㠜ㅛ ᘃ㠜ㅛ⑛ ḃ᳋ᱻ ㄿ◟ ㄣ≃⚧ᚤ

ᬫ

ᬫ

⿗⑛㇨Pkㅛ㼿ㅟ᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㄿ「たᚫ᳏⾷᳧㽃ᙛ㝼⑛㇨⪨ㇼ⾷᳧㽃㲠∧⍣ㅟㇼĎた⚤ㄿ

᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᙛ⎤㋣⚧Pㅛ᪛᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㅛㅛ⪨ㅛ⑛㶰ះ㠜⯿ ᳧↜㠜

㋸ⳓ⬇ㄣ≃❧㬗 ᶳ㞃ḃ ᚤ゗ ៟ ᩄ❧❫ㄣ≃❧㬗 ⯿㶰ᙗ⎓P 䂫㯛❧❫ㄫ ᙛ㝼⑛㇨⾷⬃

ᘃ᷀ㄿ㋣㫄ㄣ≃⻗ㅛᱻ◻᳌⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿 ㎧㼿㋣㘏ㆌ⑛㇨ㄧ㈃た

㈃たď㼿ᶫ≄㽏ㄣ≃᳏ᶬ㋣㫄⾷⬃ᶫた❧ᚫ᳏ㄫ⬋㠿㽇⯿ㅯᶫ≄㾯ゐ

㋣㫄ᘃ㠜 ㎧㼿㠜㈃た ㅛ㼿 㠜㇫❧⍣㼣≃㳗㋣㘏ㆌ⪓ゐⳃ㠜⯿⪗ㇼ㈃た

ᗧᝓㅛ㼿

ㅛ㼿 ≃㈃㽃㼿ᛇ⬟᳧᳠⑛㇨ᶫㅟ៣㶰ះ⑛㇨ㄿㅛ⪨⬟᳧ㅛ㼿≃ᝳㆌ ᬫ 㠜ㅛ㼿≃Ωㅛ㼿ㅟᚤ゗≃៟ៃ⒏⍣䀼᳧

᳠ⳃa㠜ㄿㇷ㷓㋣㫄⾷⬃aᘃ㠜ㄫ㋣ᙗゐㄣ≃⪓ゐ㼿ᛇㅯᱻ㿫ⳋㄫ◿⿨

ᬫ ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ᛣ⿗⑛㇨Pkㅛ㼿ㅟ᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㄿ「たᚫ᳏⾷᳧㽃ᙛ㝼⑛㇨⪗ㇼ⾷᳧㽃㲠∧⍣ ㅟㇼ Ďた⚤ㄿ ㋸ⳓ⬇ㄣ≃❧㬗 ᶳ㞃ḃ ᚤ゗ ៟ ᩄ❧❫ㄣ≃❧㬗 ⯿㶰ᙗ⎓ P 䂫㯛❧❫ㄫ ᙛ㝼⑛㇨⾷⬃㈃たď

❯♼ᙛ㝼┣⽸⬘䀻㈃ᶫⳃ㽰ⳃㇷ◶㋣ほ᪛ゐ

ᬫ ᘃ᷀⾷⬃ ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄣ≃ ⪓ゐ᷿ᱻ ❧❫ㄿ ◻᳌⑛㇨ㅛ Ωㅛ㼿 ㎧㼿 ㋣㘏ㆌ ⑛㇨ㄧ

㈃ᶫ⑬

㋣ほ᪛ゐ

ⳃ㽰ⳃ᠗

㈃た ㅛᛇ⪓ゐ᷿⾛㎧ᱻ㠜⯿ῷ㽃ᘃ㠜ㅛ㼿 㠜㇫❧⍣㼣≃㳗≃㋣㘏ㆌ⪓ゐⳃ㠜⯿⪗ㇼ ㈃た ≃〫䀻㽏ㄣ≃⪓ⳋ⪨⼫㳳㲟㿼ㄿ᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄿᙛ⎤ㅛᗧ᲌

㋧ᛜ◟㼫᠗㉛ᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼

㋧ᛜ◟㼫ᙛ㝼┣ᗧ゛ᵗ㎧⪨⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿ᛜ᷀㋣㫄ㄿᚤ゗ᛜ᷀㋣㫄ㄿᚤ゗㇫ゐ⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿ᙛ㝼┣Ộ

a

㲠ㇼᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼

┛㾯ᗧᙛ㝼┣◶᠗㪧ᙛ㝼┣㋸⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿ᙛ㝼┣Ộ

a

㲠ㇼᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼

┛㾯ᗧ◶ル♼ⳃᛜᙛ┣㋸◻᳌⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿⭳ៃ⒏ᙛ┣Ộ

a

㲠ㇼᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼

ᙛ㝼㾯ᗧ䂫⪓ゐⲠㅟㄫ⾢㎧⒢㽯ᙗ᩿⪓ゐⲠㅟㄫ☂ㄧẋ┛᳏㎄㝼ㄫ㽃ᙛ㝼┣᳧⪨ ᳏ᶬ㋣㫄ㅛ⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄ㄧΩㅛ㼿᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄ㄧᗧᝓ᳠㇫ゐ⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿㋣㫄Ộ

a

㲠ㇼᙛ㝼┣ㇼ⎓⾷ᛧ㽃㲠⚫㉗㠿♼

ᙛ㝼㾯ᗧ䂫⪓ゐⲠㅟㄫ⾢㎧⒢㽯ᙗ᩿⪓ゐⲠㅟㄫ☂ㄧẋ┛᳏㎄㝼ㄫ㽃ᙛ㝼┣᳧⪨ ᗧᝓ᳠㇫ゐ⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿᳏ᶬ㋣㫄⿗⑛㇨Ωㅛ㼿᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄Ộ

a

៟⇓᩿᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄㈃ᶫ䀻⾷ᶫ❯ᝓ㼿ᛇ ᳏ᶬ㋣㫄⾷⬃㇫⬟᩿セ⬟㿼㫃ㄿ❯♼㇨ㅟㅫ᳧ᱻ៣㇯᷿㎧⼱⼿᳋ ㇼ❧ㄿ㉗㠿⾷ᶫ❯ᝓ㼿ᛇ❯♼㇨ㅟㅫ᳧㋣㫄ㅛ㎧⭴ḏ⾷἗Ⅳ⬃ ㇼ❧ᱻᬫㅛ⍣᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄ㅛⅣᱻㅛ⍫ㄣ≃㽐♼䀻

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

13


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

SITE SURVEY / Changshin-dong

㋣ほ⫄ᚫ㿼⪓⾬❫㷓㿫䁐

㘤ⳇ᷀ 㘤ⳇ᷀ 㘤ⳇ᷀









Changsin-dong



 







 

㽃ⳄㄳⳄㇷ⾬

Ɐ㵣⎯㣺

⠫⼳㥃ㄳ⊳ㇷ

㶟ㄿㇷ

Changsin-3 dong











  

㋸᝔ㄳⳄㇷ⾬ Changsin-2 dong









❫Ⳅ◶ᠧ☌㇫┟ㇷ

ᛣⳋ◶㘫⭳⭳⏋⾬

⪓⾬㚛⚫㉬⪓ㅷ⯿

㈃ᛣㇷ

᳋⯿⾬㉬⪨ルル⪓⾬㚛⯿

୆ୣ ‫ ؀‬Я঑, ܹչ ‫ ੉̛ ؀‬ʎࢉ ۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ࠖܽ, ‫ݛ‬૦ৌ ‫ࠆ ؀‬ɼ˗԰ ۰‫߶ݛٸ‬

ٗ‫ࢺחࢷ؍̡ ؀ ݥ‬ ‫܈‬ৌ ‫ ࢂ࠹ ؀‬Ѧ֐߶ ‫܈‬ৌ ‫ࢺ֐ܕ ـࢂ ੉̛ ؀‬ ‫ߊٸ‬ਐ ࡸՎࢺ߶ ѿ؈‫߶ࡈ׵‬ ̛੉࣯ࢺ߶ ٕѰ‫ࣸ ؀ ח࢕ۏ‬ʎ߶ ࡈб ‫ ؀‬ʎ‫ط‬୘‫࢕ י‬Ѱ८ࡋ‫߶ܞ‬ ଞ‫߶ࢺݥࡸݥ‬ ੔‫߶ܞࡋݤ‬

‫ؿ‬ʢ߶ ‫ی ؀‬ୣ‫ـ‬ए ۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ˬ࡫ ۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ˓˓ଭࢽ, ˲؏ ‫ی ؀‬ୣ‫ ࢠؿ‬ଭࢽ ‫ݤ߶ی‬۶˗չ ‫߶ی ؀‬एࡕ ۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ࢷ‫ח‬, ˕ଝ ‫ ̛ܽ ؀‬۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ٕѰ‫ࢎ ؀ ߶ۏ‬о߶ ̖ࡱ ‫ؿ ؀‬ଵ߶ ষશ, ࠒۘ, ؏‫ؿࢽ ؀ ݦ੼ܞ‬۰‫߶ݛٸ‬ ܺ‫߶ࢺݥࡸ ؀ ؃‬ ࡋܹ߶

0

Ѧ֐ ‫߶֐ܕ ؀‬

ॷ‫ݦ‬1Ѱ

ʢ۶߶

50 ॷ‫ݦ‬2Ѱ

100

150

200

ॷ‫ݦ‬3Ѱ

ଜܹ · ૢ̛‫ י‬ঈչ, ࡕՎࢢۢ ‫ ؀‬୚ˁ‫߶ࡕـ‬ ࢿ࣏߶ ࣗ‫ ܹ࢕ی‬ଢ˃

Changsin-1 dong

0

500

1,000 ॷ‫ݦ‬1Ѱ

1,500 ॷ‫ݦ‬2Ѱ

2,000

2,500

3,000

3,500

4,000

ॷ‫ݦ‬3Ѱ

㉬⌿⚫㋣㫄◶㋣㫄ㄇ㿼㿫䁐 ‫ٸ‬ʠ࣯ࡈʢ‫י‬ΰ࣯੔ Ь‫ۿ‬о࣯੔ ࠉվ࣯੔ ߅ળઝ ࠒ߶ʽࡈ ࣯੔ Ьɼ˱࣯੔ Яѧ࣯੔ ࣯੔ দ ଢ˃ ଢ˃ 0

500 ॷ‫ݦ‬3Ѱ

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

1000 ॷ‫ݦ‬2Ѱ

1500

2000

2500

3000

ॷ‫ݦ‬1Ѱ

15


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

MAPPING OF ROOFTOP HOUSING / Changshin-dong

ᬫル⬘⪓㎫ᛣᬫル⬘⪓㎫ㄫ⠫᜷㽯ㄫἳ「㪸☐ㅛ㎄ᗧ㼿⿧ㄣ⑗㿼㫃ᗧ᳋⽸㽛㎧ᛇ㝻ᗧ ㇨ㅟ㎄㝼ㅛㅛ⋏⾛㎫⒏Ⲝㄫ䀼ㅟᗧ᲌

Satelite Image Map 2017

Changsin-dong Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea

1

Satelite Image Map 1998 





Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh



 P

17


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

EXISTING ROOFTOP HOUSING ANALYSIS / Changshin-3-dong

Jibong-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea

Typology of Rooptop Housing

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣៯⭴⫋ⳃ㽐⬘㴏᫷៯⭴᪃ᗫ 1

3

2

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣៯⭴⫋ⳃᚫ᳏⿗ᚗ≃

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣㽐⬘㴏᫷㚃⎰

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣㽐⬘㴏᫷ᚫ᳏⿗ᚗ≃㚃⎰

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣៯⭴⫋ⳃ៯⭴᪃ᗫ

6 7

8

9

10

4 51

Keymap

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣៯⭴⫋ⳃ˵ㅷ㿼㎄㝼

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣㬷㲟

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣៯⭴⫋ⳃ˸ㅷ㿼㎄㝼

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣㽐⬘㴏᫷㴏᫷㿼㬳Ⅳⲋ

⚤ᶳ「㪸ᙛ┣㽐⬘㴏᫷㚃⎰㿼㬳Ⅳⲋ

19


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

EXISTING ROOFTOP HOUSING SURVEY / Changshin-3-dong

1

3

2

6 7

8

9

10

4 51

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

21


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Process Currently, Changsin 3-dong, which is the target site, is composed mostly of low-rise residential areas, and there are lots of unauthorized illegal rooftop houses. Also, the rooftop houses are in poor condition due to the poor facilities and structure. Also the commercial facilities nearby are also lacking or have been closed for a long time. Therefore, one street of the site is selected as the rooftop activation area as a way to revitalize the urban revitalization of the area.

STEP 1 / Initiate new prototype development for rooftop housing To legalize illegal rooftop houses and fix the existing safety, hygiene, institutional and structural problems. And propose prototype of new module house concept and promote rooftop residence space. The majority of the rooftop houses are originally in the form of illegal buildings, and the rented residents are suffering from inconveniences due to lack of management. Therefore, proceed with the process of legalization of the rooftop room as a way to improve various problems in the rooftop house.

STEP 2 / Increase single-person rooftop housing stock At present, the majority of young people in one household are living in poor housing due to high rent price. One of those poor residential house is the rooftop housing. Therefore, proposing a new rooftop housing with the concept of modular house to provide the residential place according to the minimum residential space standard.

STEP 3 / Activate community spaces for single-person households The youth population will also increase with the increase in the occupancy rate of young people. And according to the demand for community space and commercial space for young people, Increase economic efficiency and value added by revitalizing low-rise commercial space that not managed and used on the first floor and changing the usage of low-rise residential buildings. Therefore, it is aimed to revitalize the new rooftop housing for young people and activate the commercial area.

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

23


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Minimal Housing Size Standards

Other Country’s Minimum Housing Size

Minimum Housing Size of South Korea

12Ω

Proposed Module Type

ᬫ㝃⭳㋣ᙗ⑛㇨ ⑛㇨⪗ㇼ៣ᙗ

ᗧᝓシ⯿

ㅟᗧᝓ ㅟᗧᝓ

⑛㇨ Ω

 

⭳ほ㡏ⳋㄇ㿼 $㋣㡏ⳋ%ㅟ㡏ⳋ&ㅟ㡏ⳋ

☐⯿  Ω

㡏ⳋ⑛㇨  Ω

❧⾳  Ω

᠗㪧  Ω

㜄⑛㇨  Ω

25Ω

11Ω

14Ω

%











Japan

U.S.A

Korea

$











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㋣ᙗ᠗㋧ㄧᗨ᩿Ⅳㄿ┟䀻᩿⫄䁃ⲜᛧỘ㿫㆓㋣ᙗ⪨㫃⾷἗Ⅳ᳋⍛ᙳ᩿㪧᪃᳋㲠䅯゗⎓᩿Ⅳᱻ ᝔㮇ㄿ⑛㇨ㅛ㿸⭳㼿ᛇ㎧ᗧᗧ⏋゗᭹⼫㋣ᙗᛜᗫㄿ䀼⛛⠫ゐㅛ᭹᳋἗Ⅳ⬃᳧᳋⯿ㄿ⪓䁳㇨⽤ㅷ ◶㚔ᬫịㄧ㝃⭳㽃ㄿ㋣ᙗៃ⒏⾷⬃ᙗ㋣㽛⽣㼿ᱻᙪㅛ㿫ⳋㅛ᳋㼿㎧⎳ㅛオ㽃ㅣ⛟ㄿᚤ゗᭹ㄧ ㅟᝓ◧ᶫ⾷ᶫ❯ᝓ㼿ᛇ゗⎓᩿Ⅳ⛛᳋᭹ㄧ⑛㇨᠗㋧ㄫ㈃ⳃ㼿ᛇㅯ᳋

Plan of Minimum Single-Person Housing

3,000 mm

1.5

m

2m

3m

2m

Module A

2m

Room Type

Module B

Module C

Bathroom, Kitchen Type

Enterance, Balcony Type

One-Person Living Area Size Standard

1,500 mm

㡏ⳋㅟ㚛ᛜ㽀⾷᠗㛯㽃⑛㇨᠗㋧ ㅟ㚛ᛜ㽀⪨ㄿ᠗㋧ㄧaΩ Ω ❧⾳Ⳅ⪓ⳋ㈃た㼿⿓㝃⭳⑛㇨ᚫ⪗ ᠗㪧⑛㇨䀻ㆌⳋ⯿᪐ᛜᗫ㿫ᛧ⑛㇨ ☃㤻Ჯ㈃た ㄫ㷓㽏㽃ᛜᗫㄿ㩓᠗⍣ᗷ⼯㼿⿓⬋ㇼ

1,500 mm

Toillet

4,000 mm

3m

(only bedroom size)

Two-Person Living Area Size Standard 㡏ⳋㅟ㚛ᛜ㽀⪨ㄿ᠗㋧ㄧaΩㅛ᩿㋣㡏ⳋㄧ❧❧〧ㄇ⼫ㅟᠳ㎧ᘀㅛㅛゐ㽃᳋ᱻ ㇫㈃㼿⾷ῷ㽃ㄇ⼫ᗧ⾭ᱻᚤ゗⾷ᶫ㋣㡏ⳋ⾷〞ㆌㆌ≘Ộㄫ☗㠿㼿ᛇ⭷Ჿㇸ᳧Ộㄫル㽃 ᛜᗫㄣ≃䁃ゐ㼿ᱻ㿫ⳋㄫᗷ⼯㼿⿓Ω≃⬋ㇼ ❧⾳Ⳅ⪓ⳋㄫ㷓㽏㽃⑛㇨ᚫ⪗ ᠗㪧⑛㇨䀻ㆌⳋ⯿᪐ᛜᗫ㿫ᛧ⑛㇨ ☃㤻Ჯ㈃た ㄫ㷓㽏㽃ᛜᗫㄿ㩓᠗⍣ᗷ⼯㼿⿓⬋ㇼ ęᬫᛇⳃㄿ⑛㇨᠗㋧ㄧㅟ㚛ᛜ㽀ᛣ㿫㋣ᙗ㿫䁐⾷៣ᙗ㼿⿓ᗧᝓシ⯿◶ᗧᝓㄿᝓ⬘⚫≃ 㼫ほ㽃⭳ほ㡏ⳋㄿㄇ㿼❧⾳᠗㪧⑛㇨ㄫ⪗ㇼ㼿ᛇㅛ⍣㽐⪗㼿⿓⪗㞃ῷ㽃᠗㋧ᶫㅬ᳠ⳃ ⯿ᶫᝳ⭳㆓㇫ゐΩㅛ㼿⼫㳳㲟⿓⬟᳧ㄿ☐ៃ⒏⍣㽃᝔ᙛ⬋᠗Ⰷ⿗ᝓシㅛⳋ㈃㉗⪓㽃

Bedroom

3m

5m

Basic Combined Module Container

ᙪㄫ㮇᳧≃㼿ルᯫ㇨⽤⾷㽛᳠㼿ᱻ⑛㇨ㄫᛇ∋㼿⿓⬋ㇼ

ᬫㅛ䂫㿫㆓ᘃㇼḃ㝃⭳㋣ᙗ⑛㇨

Area

14Ω

14Ω

ⳇ㚛㠿⯿ㄿ㇫◿㇨ㅟ㎄ᗧ⭳㿼㋣㫄 Ωㅛ㼿 ⑛㇨㉗⪓ᚗᛣỘㄫ◿⿨㼿⿓ᗧᝓシ⯿ ⚫㝃⭳㋣ᙗ⑛㇨㈃ⳃ 㝃㇧㋣ᙗ᠗㋧ㄧᗧᝓᝓ⬘⚫㝃⭳㋣ᙗ⑛㇨◶☐⯿⪨⯿ᶫㅬⳄ❧⾳Ộ㼫⯿⬋⠫᠗㋧ᝓ㉗ᗼᶫ 䀼⛛㘫ᛸ,᪃☐⬋⠫ᝓ⠫Ộᝓ㉗, ⬘᲌◶䀿ᚤ᠗㋧ᗧ㎧㽔⒐ㄣ≃ᝓ⬘᷿⾛ㅯ᳋ᬫ 㝃㛯ᶫㅬㅛ䂫㋣㫄ᛜ៰䀼᳧⭳Ễ㎄ᗧỘ⾷἗⍟㶰ះ㇨㋣ᙗ⯿㋧ㄿ㾌⪨◟᳓ᗧᝓᗷ⭳㝻ㅛỘㄫ ㉬㽐㇨ㄣ≃ᛇ∋㼿⿓⪨㾌 ⼫㳳㲟 ◶᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄Ộ䀟⾷᳧㽃⑛㇨㉗⪓ᚗᛣ㼿ル⑛㇨ᛇ∋㿫㆓⪨⯿ᶫⳃ⬋ ㇫ゐㅬⳄ❧⾳㇫ゐ⯿⬟Ⳅ䀻ㆌⳋ◶⒐ぼⳃ⬋ㄫៃㇼ㼿ᛇㅯᱻ㼫⯿⬋⠫᠗㋧⾷㼿⯿ᶫⳃ⬋ㄫ 㝻ᗧ㼿⿓᠗㋧ᗼ䀻ᝓ㉗, ⬘᲌, 䀿ᚤ᠗㋧⾷䀻㆓⼯㇫ⳃ⬋ㄫ㝻ᗧ㼿ᛇ◟᳓⿓❧⾷᳧㽃⬟◧㽃 㳳⼬ㅛᗧ᲌㼿ᶫ≄㶰ᗧ㽔⒐ㄫᝓ㚛䀻

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

15Ω Area Suggest a form that each module can easily be combined without meeting the existing minimum size per program module. Proposed module with a minimum residential area is 15m².

Rooftop Housing Strategy / Module C Utilize open space on rooftops and winter solar exposure

25


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Prototype Modules

Standard minimum size of housing per 1 Person

New Proposal of Minimum size of housing per 1 Person

The minimum housing area standard of Korea was measured based on ergonomics and housing situation. However, due to the absence of Plan layout data, proposed a module based on actual housing plan layout based on US Architectural Standard.

Propose a new housing module type to accommodate the container module size flexibly. According to the minimum housing size recommended in Architectural Standard.

Propose Module Type

3,000 mm

2,000 mm

1,500 mm

1,400 mm

2,000 mm

Min 1,015 mm

2.5Ω

2,000 mm

2,000 mm

Sink

1,500 mm

Ref

1,500 mm

1,500 mm

Min 600 mm

2,000 mm

Ergonomic minimal size sink and refrigerator

Kitchen Ref

Sink

Wardrobe

1,830 mm(6ft)

3.35Ω

Bathroom

Wardrobe

Ladder

Shower booth

Ladder

1,830 mm (6ft)

Room

Bedroom

Shower booth

Kitchen [Module B]

Bathroom [Module B]

Bedroom [Module A]

Bathroom

Bedroom

Bedroom - Mezzanine [Module B]

Isometric View

2,740 mm(9ft)

1,830 mm(6ft)

5.01Ω

Bedroom

Kitchen

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

Bedroom - Mezzanine

27


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Rooftop Housing Modules Typology of rooftop housing - Single Housing Standard

Typology of rooftop housing - Multi Housing Standard (Two People) 3URSRVDORIDUHVLGHQWLDOPRGXOHIRUDVLQJOHGZHOOLQJWKURXJKDFRPELQDWLRQRIEHGURRPEDWKURRPNLWFKHQSRUFKDQGFRUULGRUPRGXOHV 7KHURRIWRSKRXVHVDUHODLGRXWZLWKDQDYHUDJHDUHDYDOXHRIΩFDOFXODWHGIURPWKHURRIWRSDUHDRIKRXVHVLQWKHVLWH

Proposal of a residential module for a single dwelling through a combination of bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, porch and corridor modules. The rooftop houses are laid out with an average area value of 71Ω calculated from the rooftop area of 30 houses in the site.

Isometric View

Plan view + Composition

Isometric View

Plan view + Composition

%HGURRP

Bedroom

%DWKURRP

.LWFKHQ Kitchen

3RUFK &RUULGRU

Bathroom

%HGURRP

Porch / Corridor

Basic Type 'RXEOH'XSOH[W\SH

%HGURRP Kitchen

Porch / Corridor

Bedroom

Bathroom

.LWFKHQ

%DWKURRP %HGURRP

3RUFK &RUULGRU

Skip Floor Type 1 'XSOH[%DVLFW\SH

Bathroom

%DWKURRP

Kitchen

%HGURRP

3RUFK&RUULGRU .LWFKHQ

Porch Corridor Bedroom

%HGURRP

Skip Floor Type 2 'RXEOH%DVLFW\SH

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

29


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Rooftop Housing Modules

Typology of rooftop housing - Share House Standard Proposal of a residential module for a single dwelling through a combination of bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, porch and corridor modules. The rooftop houses are laid out with an average area value of 71Ω calculated from the rooftop area of 30 houses in the site.

Isometric View

Plan view + Composition

Bathroom

Bedroom 1

Bedroom 1

Bathroom

Bedroom 2

Kitchen

Bedroom 1

Bedroom 2

Bedroom 3

Porch / Corridor size Porch / Corridor

Livingroom Porch / Corridor

Bedroom 3

Bathroom

Bedroom 4

Kitchen

Bathroom Kitchen

Livingroom size

4-People Sharing type Double Kitchen, Double Bathroom

3-People Sharing Type Sharing Living Room

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

31


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / ROOFTOP URBANISM

URBAN STRATEGY / Master Plan Proposal of Rooftop Housing Modules

Master Plan New rooftop modular housing will activate underdeveloped commercial buildings and help regenerate low-rise residential area at street level.

New rooftop housing

Isometric View

The owners want to rebuild the old facilities on the rooftop housing, but they can not afford it, because of the money. Therefore, reconstruction or replacement of the new rooftop housing will legalize the unauthorized rooftop housing. It also increases the number of rooftop houses that can be rented by increasing the existing floor area ratio from 210% to 250%. Up to two storeys can be built with a combination of modules within a limit of 250%.

Changing building use

In accordance with the needs of commercial facilities and community facilities, the lower floors of multi-houses(᳋⬟᳧㋣㫄,᳋ᗧᝓ㋣㫄) on the 3rd to 4th floors of the ground are re-used as neighborhood living facilities(buildings). The first floor department is used as a commercial space, and the government subsidizes the cost of the expansion work. And Low-rise commercial facilities offers rental price at 30% less than existing rental price.

Activation of neighborhood living facilities

Current status

Plan

The present neighborhood living facilities(buildings) are closed because there is not much use, but it will be activated due to population inflow through new rooftoop housing.

N 0

5

10

25

50m

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seungmin Noh

33

Profile for Yehre Suh / Urban Terrains Lab

ROOFTOP URBANISM : Urban Ecology of the Oktapbang in Changshin-dong, Seoul  

Oktapbang, rooftop rooms, are mostly single room unit rentals of illegally converted staircase bulkheads on the rooftop of 3-5 story multi-f...

ROOFTOP URBANISM : Urban Ecology of the Oktapbang in Changshin-dong, Seoul  

Oktapbang, rooftop rooms, are mostly single room unit rentals of illegally converted staircase bulkheads on the rooftop of 3-5 story multi-f...

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