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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

QUEER URBANISM Urban Ecology of the LGBTQ Community in Itaewon

The LGBTQ community in Korea have long been marginalized and oppressed politically and socially. This created an underground network which allowed the community to congregate in seedy backstreets of Myeong-dong, Euljiro, Cheonggyecheon, Jongno and Itaewon. Most gathering spots have been undercover, but in Itaewon, which as the biggest US Army base town, has always had a high percentage of american and foreign residents, the LGBTQ establishments have been able to operate more openly. And since the 1990s these establishments started to congregate around what is called the "Itaewon Fire Station Street". The delapidated backstreet of Itaewon became the cultural, social and political center of the LGBTQ rights movement in Korea. But with rising interest in redevelopment of the Itaewon area and the rise in realestate prices, the LGBTQ spaces have been loosing ground and are in danger of dissappearing. In 2013, the Park Geunhae government announced the "creative economy" as a national strategy and major federal funding were funneled into "creative innovation centers" to support "creative industries". This was in line with policies being pursued by other countries and cities like China where keywords like "creative" and "culture" became central in urban economic policies. But the Korean as well as the Chinese government's interpretation of "creative industries" ignores the key aspect of Richard Florida's "successful cities" theory, which argues that cities with higher levels of diversity and tolerance attract the "creative class", who in turn engenders economic prosperity of cities. Florida even developed a "Gay Index" where cities with higher number of LGBTQ residents had higher economic succes. In countries like Korea and China, where "hobos" and "gays" were shunned upon, these correlations were ignored and only the "creative" catch phrase was promoted. Whether Florida's theories were valid or not, diversity and tolerance are essential aspects of the urban environment and supporting the rights of minority groups is critical to the success of our cities. We hope to investigate the urban ecology of the LGBTQ community to identify the informal strategies of diversity, inclusion and tolerance.

sources: Yu Seok Han, “Appropriation of Space and Community Making by Sexual Minorities: A Case Study on Itaewon Fire Station Street”, Seoul City Research, Vol. 14, Issue 1, 2013, 253-269.

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

3


᷀⼫ㅣ⛛ᬫセㅣ ㋣㽃◟᝗᳠᝔ㄧㅣ❧㬗┛᠗㽃ㄣ≃⏋ㅣⳃa⪯⚤ⳃ ⪓ㅛ⾷ᱻ⒏ệ㋣㽃◟᝗ᛣ᝗⭴◶ᗧ㉘ịㄿㅛ㫃シ㎧⿔ 㞃ㅬㄫ៯㎧㽃᳋ᛇ☃㹃㽯᳋ㅛ♯㉗㠿ᱻ㎧᪃ㅣ⪯⚤ ⬃ゟㅛ㫃シ⾷⬃☃⫄㽃◟᝗᝗⭴◶㾳⚸Ộᛣ㽃᝔ ⳃ◣ịᗫㄿ㷔∌㞐᷀⪓ᙛᛣᛧ∏㽛᪛∋㎫ᙪㄣ≃⛛ㅟ᳋ 㞃ㅬ៯㎧㎧⿔ㄧ◿㷓≃⾷⬃㽃᪏᷀⾷ㅛ⍛ᱻ0ᝓᗫㄿ ㅛ㫃シ㇫⿔ㄇ䅌ᗧ㎧⿔ㅛ᳋

᷀⼫ㅣ⛛ᬫセㅣ Đㅣ⬃ゟゐ⪗ᚤ㘗⬃ᱻ⿓ㅷ≃⚧ㆌ㘤ᬧ᭟⍮ㄫ 㽛』ᠧ⒏᝗  Ộ⑬ㄫᝓ⭴㽯ᱻᵗㅛị⑬ㄧ ㎨⾬⾭ㅛᾇᶳ⼫᳋Ჯ᳋ᗧᘃセ㇫❧㬗⿓ㅷ≃⚧ㆌ Ⰷ㟏㽃◟᝗⎳ㄫ⪨᳧≃ㄇᘄ㽰ル⍣㽛》᳋ᗧ㎧᪃ ㅣ☋ⳃ◿ᚤゐ⪗ᝓㅛ㫃シ᷀♯㎧㼿Ⰰ㎸ㄣ≃ ◟᝗㼿⪓⑬ㄫㄇㅟ㰓Ⰰ㼿⑛⬃㼿⪓ㄿ 䀟㋣␟Ჯ⾷⬃⎳㚃シㄫ䂻㠿᳋ᗧㆈ䅳ᙪㅛⅣᛇ ㅛịㄧᘃセ⿓᩿ᗷ㒤ᘀㅛ⿓ㅷ㽰⬟⍣㽯᳋ᛇ ㅷⅸ㼿ᴻⅣᲯᙗ㘟⓿㽃⬟⪨ㅛ᝗đ

ㇼ❧⾷ㄿ㽛◟᝗᳧⪨ㄋⅤ⾬ㅛ⼻├㇨ㄣ≃ㆌ∋᷿ᱻ⪨䁐⾷⬃ゐ⪗ㄣ≃ㄿ ◟᝗᝗⭴ᛣ᠗㎧㛳ㄿ㎸㋸䀻ᱻㅛ㫃シㄿ◟᝗᳧⪨ㄋⅤ◶ㄇ䅌⾬⭳ịㄿ ㇫⬘᠗⍣ㅛᨳᙳḃ᳋ㅛᱻᛧᛸ⒐㇨ㄿた᝔ㅟ☐┟ㅛ㎄ᗧ㼿ᙳ᷿⑛⬃ ᴻ゘ᗧ⭴䀻ḃ᳋ㅛ≃ㅟ㽛ㅛ㫃シㄿㄋⅤ⾬⭳〧ㄇ䅌⾬⭳⾷ㅣ㼿ᱻ ⿓⬘ịㄿⰒㅷᱻ᱿⾛᪓ᛇᬫ⾷ᱻĎㆌ◟䁳ďⅣᱻㅷ㚛㡃⒐᳏㚛⍣ ⎳ị⾛䁳シ⯿ᗧᬫ᳧⎷⾷ᱻ㚃⿓⑬⾷᳓㼿᠗ᶫ㼿⿧᳋

 ㉬≃ㅟᶫ⚧ㅷ㰓⎓Ἤ䀻᳏ᗧᦟ᠗ Ďᙳ⎛Ⅳᙳㅛᗧể᳄ďⳃㅸ

 ᝗᳧᪛᷀⬘⽇ㅷㅟᝳ㡏㽛ៃ㪫ᛜ᷀᠗ㅷ䁳ᚓ  㝃㛯᷀⬘⽇ㅷㅟᝳ゛᷀᳏㚛Ď㛯᷀䁳ď㿼⬘

 䀴⬄㚃㣋◴⼫オ

 Ď㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛď ᙳㅛ ďᩣ⎓ᩣ⎓ď ⇯㍯⠫⾟ ⿗㽐❫⎓  ᳧㽀᷀⬘⽇ㅷ⿗㽐䁳☃㉘ ᛇ∋᳧⬃ゟ᳧⿗⬟᳧

 ᳧㋸㋣ᗫ㎧Ď⬇ᵗㅛ⬃ゟďㅛĎ⬘ď⾷᳧㽃᳧㋸㇨ㅟᛧᬷᛣ㫃ᶫ ⪓ᙛịㄫ㎸㋸㇨ㄣ≃⛛ᶫ

 ⿗⬟᳧㽀᜷⾷⬃ㅣᗫ㝃㛯ㄿ㨛⾛┟䀻㝼㈃ᘃ㝃

 ᵛ⎯㩓⾷⬃⬟ᚫ㝃㛯≃᷀⬘㣋㻳ᗫ ⳃ◣ᚗ㽐ㄫ♼㇨ㄣ≃ㅟㇼ  3&㮜ⳇ』Ⅳㅟᛜᗫㄫ㮜㽛⪯≃゛᷀⬘⽇ㅷ 』Ⅳㅟᛜᗫ㿼⬘◶䁃⬘䀻

 㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷ⿗㽐ᚗ⬘

 ᷀⬘⽇ㅷ㘏⚫᜷ᛣ⬃ᘃㇼ㛰ᝓ㎸䁳 ᷀ㅟ㿸㪸ᛏᛜシ

 ᝔᪛た᝔ㅟᛣ㋸᷀⾷⬃ ឧ᝔㽃㽃᝔ㅟㄿ+,9㝃㛯ᗷ⿣䀼ㅟ

⬃ゟ⿔⪓◼┣ᛧㅛ㫃シᛜᗫᛣ⪝S

 >⬘⑬⬃@⬘⭳⯿ㅷ㘏⚫◿᳧ ┛㎧ᘃ㽰᷀⑬ㄿ

 ᷀⬘⽇ㅷ◶+,9ᗷ⿗ㅟ⾷᳧㽃ぃᛈ 㽃ᚏ⇯ⳇ┟⛛ᶫៃ㪫⬃⑬

 㚔⭳ᬫ᷀⬘⽇ㅷㅟᝳ㽀᜷ᘃ㝃  ㅟᝳ♼㈃ㇼㄫル㽃◣ᗫ᳏㚛ᛜ᷀㝻㎫ルシ䁳ᗧㅬ

 㽃᝔/*%7,㣋▋Ჯ㳗 ⪓䁳㇨ぼᝓ㉗⪓ ☃㹃䁳

 ⬃ゟ㽀⫄ㅟᝳ㉗∧㮜ᛣ⍣ル㽃 ⬃ゟⳃㄿ䁳ᙛ┣᭴⬘◶た❧ ⳃル㘟⿓

 㚔⭳ᬫ᷀⬘⽇ㅷㅟᝳㄫル㽃᜷⪓㎧㡏⬃ ☃ᗫ◶☃⮈ ㇫᝔⿓ᘃ㋸ᛇ᜷

 㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷ᳏㚛㿸ㄿ䁳

ᬫㅛ䂫≃㇫ㅬㅷ⛛᳋㇫㞃ㅷ⯿ᗧ⎵⼫㎷

 ㉬≃ㄿ᠗㇨! ⬃ゟᶬ⎤⿨䀻㈃⪨⿨

 㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌㄿㄇ⾟㈃䁳㳳ᛇ᳋㨛⾛⿨䀻㈃  㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛ᜷⽸ᗼ㉳ď㘏◴ⲋ㧏ďⳃㅸ

 ᷀⬘⽇⿨䀻⪨⿨៯㎧⾷◿᳧㼿ᱻⳃル

ᬫ⾷㇫ㅬㅷ⯿ᗧᗧㆌ⎵ㄳ

 >⬘⑬⬃@㚇ᙗ◣ㄿㇼ᳠㽃た㡏⾷⪛ㅟㄣ≃  ᳜㽃ㅛ⑬◼ㇼᝳ㯛㎫㼿Ⅳ ゗⎓᩿Ⅳ㝃㛯᷀⬘ᚗ䀣Ⳅ  ᠧ㉗ᛸ⯿ᗷᶬᛣᠧⲠ䀿᳧㹃 ᝗㿼♼㉗ル㾳㳷ᚗ㛰ᝓ㢇㵿ㅟ

 㽃᝔㝃㛯⬘㇫䀿⿗⿯ㅟĎ㼿⎓⯿ď♼㇨ㅟㇼ

 a᳧᷀⬘⽇ㅷ⒏ㅫᘃ⬋

 ㎨⬇㈃ᘃ㾳ㅛ䂫⭳⯿ㅷ ⿓⬘᭟᷀ㅷㅟᝳ゛᷀ᝳㅛ❫䀻

 Ďᙳㅛ⛰◼ḷⲋ⎯㲟㽃ᙳㅛᗧ⎳ệ ⲋ⎯㲟㽃⿨䀻⪨⿨䁳ď ⬃ゟ⼫㲟ⳃᬋ⎯ ㉬≃

 ┛㎧ᘃ㜂❯♯ᘃ㘟ᗧ

 ㇼ⛛㮜ⳇᙧ⿛◿᳧ᛜ᷀㽰᷀ㅣ㚇⽣⎛⇯ㅛ᳏Ⳅ᭴⬘

 㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛ㇫䀻⪓⬃㽏ᘃ⬋

 㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛᙳㅛ㣓㚷ⲋ㧏 Ď㇫䀻᠗≃⎳ệ᩿ㄿ㚒⿨䀻ď

 ┛㎧ᘃ㽰᷀㞃♻Ⳅ㘟⿓

 ্》㋧⯿㝻⒏㎸☃ᗫ

 㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷㅟᝳ゛᷀㿸ㄿ䁳 ᷀ㅟ㿸 ᚗ⬘ Bᩣ⎓ᩣ⎓㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛ㣛㰓ᙳᴻ⎯ㄳ

 ḷ♯ㄿᚗ䀣Ⳅᛣ㽃♯ㄿㆌ∧Ⳅ!䂫シ ⳃ⪓䁳⼏ᬋ㤻ể⬇㆓

 >᠗ㅷ䁳ᚓ@᝗᳧᪛⬘䅓≘⬘㝻㽰㼣㽛ㅷㅟ ᷀⬘⽇ㅷ⚸⪓ㅟᝳㄇ⎗㽛ᚗ㛰ᝓ⍣ ル㽃᠗ㅷ䁳ᚓ ᝔☐❧⽅

+,9$,'6⯿㠿 ᳏ル☘⑬

᷀⼫ㅣ⛛ᬫセㅣ 䀿ᗨ㈃㳻∋ᴿ◟⚸⑬ᙧᙗ⬃ゟ㎧ᙧ ◼ㅣ䅇ᙧ⪓ᱻㅣ◟᝗⭳⭴ᗧↃᴻ⪨⚸  Ộ ⑬ㄫ⎯⽤♼ル◿㿷ㄿ≃ᙧᙗ◟᝗⯿⪓᠗ᛧ⾷ ㅛ㚐㽯᳋ㅛịㄧ㎧᪃᳓ㅣ⬃ゟゐ⪗ᝓㅛ㫃シ᷀ ゐ⪗䀟㬻㣋㼣⯴⾷⬃᝗⪓゗㶟ㄫㅛゐ◧⯿ㅬ㽛』 䀿ᗨ㈃⍣㽃᝔ㅟ⾷㳻∋᳋㇨☃᷿⾯᳋

*'3㈃㉗⾬ ᳏ルⳔ⾜シ

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

TIMELINE



 

C01>)1,;漹庹漺簅濅穚纊漅袙E



 ᪛᝔ㅟ㚒+,9ᗷ⿣ㅟ☃⫄

ゐ⪗ᝓ㇫ㅬㅷ

ゐ⪗ᝓ㇫㞃ㅷ 

 ㎧ᶫ❧ỿ $=7 ㅛ㝃㛯ㄿ㠿⊳㈃≃ᛜㅟḏ ᝔⎤⛛ᙛシ 㿫㎯⚸ᛧ⎓⛟❧ ⾷⾷ㅛ㍯⬣㬗ᙛ⎤

 㤿ᶻ☗㷓⪓⾬⿯⪗㶟⬘  +,9ᗷ⿣ㅟ㎫⊳⠫ㄿ⛟ㅟ❧᳛៯ᗷ⭳ !

 ᘃ⾷ㅛ㍯㇫┟㎫⊳᠗ᛧ㎧ㇼ

⯇Ⅴ㽛♫⎗ㅛ㫃シ᠗㎧㛳ㄿ㿫㆓⒏Ⲝㄫ◿⿨㼿Ỗ◟᝗ịㅛ䂫㣋䅷ㅛⅣ❧⍛ᱻᛜᗫ ㅛ㫃シ⭳☐⬃ ᛏ⒐⾷⬃っ㒤㚒♯㏟⾟ᴼ ⾷⑮⑮⾬⭳ịㅛ᪏⼫ㅯ᳋ῷ㽃☋ㅛ᷿⑛㎫㽃䀻ㆌㄫ㽃⭳ルĎ䅯⡇⎓ďⅣ ❯⎓ᱻ᩿ㅛệ⿓⬘ịㅛⰇ㟏㽃◟᝗⾷ᙳㇸ៣㼿ᱻ⒏Ⲝㅛᛧ㘗ḃ᳋ㅛ⇮Ỗㅣ㗴❧㬗☋┟䀻ᗧ☃᳓㽃 ᛚㄣ≃⬃៟⼯⾷᠗㎧㛳⿓⬘ịㅛㅯ⾯ᛇ៟ịᛣ◟᝗⪓ㅛ⾷㫃⾛᪃䀣㿯ㅟㅛㅯ⾯᳋ㅛịㄧ⼫␻Ⅳⳃ⼯ ㅛⅣᛇ❯∟᳋ㅛ䂫ᬫ᳧㛯❧㬗ㅛ㫃シ⾷⪯≃゛⭳⯿ㅷᗧ❧⪨㼿⿧᳋ᬫ᳧ᙳㅛ◻ᗧ㿫㆓ㄿ ᙳㅛ䅷⼯⾷ㅬㇷ㼿⑛⬃ㅛịㅛ㎸㇨᷿᠗ⳃㅸ㽯᳋ㅛ㫃シㄿㅷㄇ≃゛❫ル᠗〧ᛇㇼḃ㎯⬃⍣ᙗ❧㼿ᱻ ⭴⬘ㄣ≃ㅟ㽛⬘㇨⭳⯿ㅷịㅛㅛ㫃シ⾷⒗⎓⑛⬃ㅷ⿗ⲋ⇤ᙳ㣋▋Ჯ㳗ᗧ㿼⬘᷿⾯ᛇ⪓ⅳịㄧ⾛ᱷ⪯ ៟ịㅛ⒏ㅟᙗ⎓⍣ᙳㅛ䅷ㅛⅣ❯⇧᳋

 ⾷ㅛ㍯⿯☐ᛜㅜᛸᛇ⮈㞃㤿ᶻ㶟

 ᝔᪛㚒⯿㎨ᗷ⿣☃ᚓ

 ᝔᪛㚒⯿㿯≃ㅟ㽃ᗷ⿣☃ᚓ



 㡜㬳ㅣほ♼ ⪣㈃⚸ゐほ♼ ᝔᪛ᶫㅬ



 ⪓ 㽃᝔⾷ㅛ㍯㯛㠿⿗⏠ ⾷ㅛ㍯◣ᗫ᳏㚛 ⬋⎤ ᝔᪛᪏⬘䀻ㆌ㹯ⳃㆌ⬘ㆌ㝻ㅛ ᳏ルⳔ⾜シ

᳧◼ㇼ䅓᳧㮜∠

1980

ㅛ㫃シㄧㅣ㗴❧㬗᠗㎧㛳ㄣ≃⬃☃᳓㽃ᛚㅛ᳋◟᝗ㅛị⾛⬇ㅛ䂫㾷♾ᛇ᝝㋣⎗⿓⬘ịㅛ᠗㎧㛳⽅⾷⬃ ◟᝗ㄫ᠗᳋⎓ᴿᙪㄧㅣ⪨㇨ㅟ㹴ᚤㅛ⾯ㄣ⑗◟᝗ㄿた◼ᛣた㞃ㅛ㾯ゐḃᬫㅛⅿ≃᠗㎧㛳ㄧᴻ゘ ☃᳓㼿⿧᳋ᬫㄇ⾻㩛⇤ㅛ┟ㄫ⿗ㅛ䂫㪠㩛⇤⬟⟷㩛⇤⇔㪋㩛⇤Ộㅛị⾛⬃ᛇㅣ⑬䀧㼿゗ⲋ㛳ㅛ 㿼⬘᷿⾯᳋ᬫᛧᶬ㲟⎗☃㹃ㅛ䂫᠗㎧㛳ㇼ䀻ルシ䁳ᗧ⬋⎤᷿ᛇㅛ䂫ᬫ❧㶰◟᝗䂫⮈⚸シㅛ ゐ⪗᠗㎧≃ㅛ㇫㼿⑗⬃❧㶰ㄿ᠗㎧㛳⪨ᝳᶫㅛ㇫㽛〻᳋ᴻ❯⾛ㅛ㫃シ᠗㎧㛳ㄿ⏋⏋㝿⿓⬘ᶫ㎄ᗧ㽯ㄣ⑗ ◟᝗᳧⪨ᗫㅛ㩛⇤ㅛ⫄ᚏ᩿⑛⬃⏋⏋㝿ㄿ㿼㫃ᶫ⚧䀻㼿⿧᳋ᬫ㮜㽰៯㎧㽛㈃ㅛ䂫ㅛ㫃シㄿㄇ䅌⾬ㄧ ᴻ゘♯⬘㼿ᙳ᷿⾯ᛇᬫ⼫ⳃ⼯ᙳㅫᛣᬫ〓⎣㼤᳠ⳃ᠗㎧㛳᪛⏋⏋㝿ㄧ៰㎄㼿⿧᳋ㅛ䂫◟᝗ ㅛ㇫ᛣᛧ∏ḃ㿸⪨Ộㄿ⿓㳳≃ㅛ㫃シㄿ᠗㎧㛳ㄧᚤㆨ∌ㄫ⪨ⳋ㼿ᙳḃ᳋䀴᳧᩿ᗼ᪏㩛⇤ㄿ☃㇫ 㶰㫄ㅛ᩿ᚤ᠗ᶫ᪛᳋⍟᠗㎧㛳ㄿ☃᳓ㄧㅛ⍣ᗧ⭴䀻ⳃ㤗᳋

᳧㇫ḷ䀿᳧㮜∠ ḷ 㮜∠

᳧᭟㫃゗᳧㮜∠ 㮜

᳧ᠧ⿨⪣᳧㮜∠ ∠

1985

1990

1995

 ㈃㚃㎧⿔㫄ⳃ᠗⪓ㄿᛇㄿ㇨㇫㳳⏋ᘃ㽰ル≃㩗◿㾌ㄫㅣㄣ㪛 ㅣ⑬ď㈃㚃⾷ㅛ㍯⪓ᙛď

 

1975





᳧ᠧ᳧㋸᳧㮜∠ ᳧ ᳧

2000



 +,9ᗷ⿣ㅟ㎫⊳⠫ㄿ⛟ㅟ❧᳛៯ᗷ⭳ !

 ⾷ㅛ㍯⿯☐ᛜㅜᛸᛇ⮈㞃㘏⚫ᛣ㶟ᚓ㽛⭳⒐㇨

᳧᭟┛㿫᳧㮜∠ ᳧ ᳧

2005

᳧ㅛ⑬◼᳧㮜∠ ㅛ 㮜

2010

᳧◼៣䀃᳧㮜∠

2015

᳠ⳃ⎳㽛ᶫㅛịㅛ⿓ㆌㄫ㽃ㅛㄇᱻ៟㇧ᶯㄫ 䂻㠿᠗ル㽃⯿᳏ㄣ≃⿓ᚏ㈳ᴿᙪᘀ᳋៟⇓᩿ ᬫᛧㇷ⾷⬃⛛⑛៟ịㄧ⭳ル⎷㼿ᱻ㩓≃ⲋ ể⇯⬃ 㟏◟≃ㅛ⬘ㄿ⛜ㆌㄫㅬᱻᙪㄫ㍷᠗ᱻ ⪓ⅳ 䀠ㄧ㲟Ↄⲋ㈇ᴻㅣ㎧ᶫ⒏⍟᳋ᬫ᳧ 㛯ᠳ㎧⎳㽛ᶫ㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷịㅛㇼ㚛⬘ㄣ≃⬃ㄿ ᙳㅛ䀠ㄧ⫄䁃⽸Ⳅㄣ≃⬃ㄿᙳㅛ⾷᳧㽃㎧Ⳅㅛ᩿ ᚤ㾿ㅛ⾭⾯᳋ᬫ᳧❧㬗ㅛ㫃シ⾷ᱻ ⇯㍯⠫⾟ᛣᙳㅛịㅛ㞃ㅬ㼿ᱻ㩛⇤ㅛ᩿◻ᗧ ㉛㆓㼿⿧㎧⎳᳧❧❫᳏⭴⾷ㄿ㽛⑮ᘃセ⒢ᗧ ┟ㄫ᳒⼿᳋ᛇ㽃᳋᳠ⳃ㇫᝔⾷⬃〓Ⅳ》ᱻᙳㅛ〧 ⇯㍯⠫⾟⯿ᗧ⎵⼿᠗ἳ┟⾷᳏⑮ᘃセ⎳┟ㄫ ⿛⾛ᶫ㩗ᶯㄫ♳⯿ㅯ⾯᳋ᛇ㽃᳋

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

5


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

ACTOR NETWORK MAP 1985 년 이래로 동성애와 관련된 숫자가 기록되었으며 지역 사회 활동이 점차 증가하고 있습니다. 2010 년부터 동성애를 다룰 많은 드라마와 영화가있었 습니다. 그 결과 남성 화장품의 구매율이 높아지고 적극적인 인권 활동이 시작되었습니다. LGBT와 관련된 많은 keword에서 우리는 퀴어 문화 콘텐츠, 창 조적 인 계급, 핑크색 산업을 다룰 것입니다. 플로리다 주 Rechard는 "동성애자가 많을수록 창조 산업이 생길 가능성이 더 커지며 이미 창조적이고 독특한 동성애 문화를 가지고있어 핑크색 산업과 분홍색 경제로 이어질 수 있습니다.

ㆌ㎫゗ᛏ⒐

3,&785(%22.$57,67 ㅛ⽣᠗㘫㎸᳏ᠳ⎳⛰㎧

⇯㋣㳳ㄿ>/⽸ㆌㇷ@Ⅳỻ》 ⇯㍯⠫⾟㣋▋Ჯ㳗⾷⬃゛⿨㼿ᱻⅣỻ》㻫≃៟↏

㣋㼣㻫⎗ⲋ䀟ㇷ ㈇㲟⎓㼣㣧ㅛ⬿

21/,1(6+233,1*0$// ⇯ㅟ⛛゗ⲋ㮇⾛

ᘃㅟㄿ㟏㾌 ◻ㅛ⬠Ɐ⾣

᷀ᙗ

ᚤ⎓᳏᠟

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ㅟ⫄ㄧ⼫⍫᳋コ ゗⪓᳏᠟ ểⅣ⎯

ㅷㄇ≃゛᷀⬘⽇ⳃㅸ

⛛⬄᠟

䀴᳧

⾟Ჯᬋ㲟コ㩓 Ď⾟Ჯᬋ㲟コ㩓ďᱻᬫセㅣ⾷ⳃㅸ㽃⿓⬘㋣ㄿ┟䀻゛᷀᳏㚛

⇯㍯⠫⾟

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a᠟┟䀻

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ể⎣ᵗㅛ㳬

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┛㎧ᘃ㎸Bᙛ㝼 㽮⡂⬃ㇷB㞃㳷

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ㅛ⽣᠗㘫㎸᳏B◟Ⰷ

Ď᭟㲟ㅟ⠫㲟ワďㄧ⿯Ⰷᗧ〧⿗ᝓㅷㄿ

㷓㘏ᛏ⒐ ⼫㻫≃ⲋ㲃ỻ》B⬋㠿◟Ⰷ

》⬟䂯ⳃㆌ

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᳋┟䀻ᙗ⎓

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⑋♫Ɽ 㞃ㅬᗧ᲌ ㅬㆌ㈃㽃

⬟゛⪨ᗧㅣ᳧⪓㘤ᗧ

㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷ⿗㽐 㽃᷀⿗

㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌ

ㅟᝳ䁃᷀

᳏⭴

ㅷ⎤㞃㳷ㄫ ㎧シ㼿⑗ ᳋⽸㽃 㨛⾛ ⳋ㾿ịㄫᗷ㽰㼿ᱻ3XEOLVKLQJ+RXV ㅛ ᳋  ㋣ ≃ 㨛 ⾛ ㅟ ┟ ㆈ ㎧ ď ⩷ Ⅳ ď ⍣ ㇼ᠗㇨ㄣ≃☃ᗫ㼿ᛇ》㻯⬟◟᩿》㻯 㬳ㅛ⟻㮇㩓⍣㎫㽰㽃᳋

㽃᝔᷀⬘⽇ㅷ᳏㚛㿸ㄿ䁳 㽃᷀㿸

┛㎧ᘃ᭴⬘᳏

ㄿ⪨ⳋ

%52$'&$67$57,67 ⇯㋣㳳 Ďẋ≃ďᱻ᝔᪛ᙳㅛ┟䀻⾷⬃ 㘥⼫⛛᠗䅿ệ》㻫Ⅳㅟ◟ỻ⾛⾷ ᳧㽃ᛇ◣⾷⬃ⳃㅸ㼿⿧᳋ᶬ㲠㽃 ┟㈃ㄿⳄᛣះ㿼ㅯᱻᗷᗨㄣ≃ ㅛ⬘⽇㋸ⳓ⪓䁳⾷⬃㎯Ⳅḃ㘫 ᗧⅣ⼰ㄧ⬘⭳⯿ㅷ┟䀻⍣㪷⪓㼿ᛇ ᠗≄㽃᳋㲠䅯⬘⭳⯿ㅷ㘤ㅸㅷㄿ ㅸ⾬ㄫ⭳ᘃ㼿ᱻ㘤ᝓᗧ᷿⾛᷀ⳃ᳧ ᙳㅛ┟䀻⾷⪯≃゛䀟䅈ㄫ ⎳ị⾛᪛ᛇㅷ᭟∌㽃᳋

⾟Ჯᬋ㲟コ㩓ᱻĎ⾟Ჯď〧  Ďᬋ㲟コ㩓ďㄿ 㽐⬘⾛≃ ⿓⬘ịㄿ ⿗᳧㎧㎧ᛜᗷㄫ㋸ほ㼿ᙳ⫄ᗨ㼿ᱻ ᳏㚛ㄿ ㎧㾌ㄫ ᳛ᛇ ㅯㄣ⑗ ⭳Ⳅ㎧⍣ ☃ᗫ㼿⿓ 䁃᷀⭳Ⳅ ⇯㍯⠫⾟ ◻ㅛ⬠Ɐ⾣ ⭳Ⳅㄫ ㇫㽃᳋ Ď ⾟ᲯďⅣᱻ ᳏⾛ᱻ ⿓⬘ị ⪓ㅛ⾷⬃ 㡃៣㼿ᛇ 㶟⼯㼿ᙳ ❯⎓⾛㎧⑗ ῷ㽃 ㅷ⏋⽇⍣㹃㿫㼿ᱻ᳏⾛ㅛ᳋

Ď⇯㍯⠫⾟ ㋣㳳⯿ďⅣᱻ ™ㄿ Ď⇯㋣㳳 OH]SD

Ⅳᱻ ⇯㍯⠫⾟ Ⅳỻ》 ㈃ㅸ㳧ㅛ 䁃᷀㋸ㅛ᳋ ᬫ ⿨⪨◟ỻ⾛⬣㬗 ď◟ỻ⾸㲟Ď〧 ď⿓⬘⿨⪨㎸᳏ ェĎⳃ◣☐⮈ ď579  㽃᝔⬘㇨⭳⯿ㅷ┟䀻ㅟᝳ⬣㬗Ďᗧ ᛜ᷀ㄣ≃ ㋣㝃㽃 ď㋣㳳⯿ /ㄫ ㆈ⼫ⅣĎ Ⅳᱻ ⿓⬘ㅛ◿◟ỻ⾛䁃᷀ᗧ ⽸⬘ㄫ ル㽃 ◟ỻ⾛᜷ㄈㄫ 㮜㽛 㪫⫄㽯᳋ᛜ᷀㚛Ⅳỻ》ㅟ⎯㷓)0ㄫ㮜㽛☐⮈᷿ᱻ/ ⽸ㆌㇷ!ㄧ ᝔᪛ 㝃㛯ㄿ ᛜ㋸㳳 ⇯㍯⠫⾟ ☐⮈ 㻫≃៟↏ㅛⅣᱻ ⪨㎼㇨ ㄿ◟⍣ ㎧Ჯ⑗ ⯿ほㅣ ㅷㇼ ☐⮈ḃ᳋ ď⇯㋣㳳Ďᱻ 㣋▋Ჯ㳗 ム⪓ㅛ㲟⍣ ᷀ⳃ⾷ ゛⿨㼿ᛇ ㅯᱻᵗ ⑬ㄿ 䁳シㄫ ᗧ㎧ᛇ ㅯᛇ ㋣ 㚔㟏ㅷᱻ᳧䂫◿ᛣ᳧ㅛ᳋

$5&+,7(&785( ᠗〧㼿゗ⲋ┛㎧ᘃ㎸

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◼㘓゘ᗷᶬĎ⼫ᗧ⼏ď

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᪏⬘䀻ㆌ㹯 ᝓ⏋⯿㎄ᗧ

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ハἐ ◿∋ᚓ

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ᛇ⭴㬗◟᫷「⪨䀻ㆌⳋ

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㴏⬿

㞃㙿 㽃᝔ᙳㅛㅟᝳ゛᷀᳏㚛㡃ᝓ⪓ㅛ*$<&8/785(+2/,& 㡃㇯㽃ᙳㅛ┟䀻⼯᪛⬃ᙳㅛ㣓㙿䀧⎔ SS ⎓㙿ể㻳≃⎓᳋ⳇ㘤㉗ᚫ៰S ⎓㙿ể㻳≃⎓᳋ᶫⳃ〧㘤㉗ᚫ៰SS ㇫シ៣ᬫ᳧⬇ᵗㅛ⬃ゟ⾷᩿㪧᪃᷀⬘⽇᳛≇ᛣ᪏⬘᷀⬘⽇ㅷịㄿᚤ㾿㈇ᴻ〧┟䀻  

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

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  ᬫ セ 㚔↰⎓᷀⾷ 》㻯㽃 㚔↰⾸ⲋ㷓ᱻ ⮈㼿⿨ ㆌ⯿ㇼ 㝃㉗䂯 ㅟㄿ ᛜ᷀ ゛⿨ㅷ㋸㽃⑬ㅛ⬘⭳⯿ㅷㅛ᳋㚔↰⾸ⲋ㷓ᛜᗫㄿ⬘ᚐㄫĐ◟Ⰷ┟㽀/*%74,$ Ộㄫ ⼫゗⍛ᱻ 㝼㈃đⅣᛇ ៃㇼ㽯᳋ ᬫ セ⾷ᱻ セ ⬘⭳⯿ㅷ ㅟᝳㄿ ᳓⾷ ẋㅛ⾛ ㅣ⿓ ᗫ 4EMHFW! ㇫ⳃ⍣ ⿛⾯᳋ 㵿⾛ 㿼Ⳅㄫ ᚟㽃 ㅛ ㇫ⳃᱻ ㈃䁳 㨛⾛┟䀻㝼㈃ ❧ⲋ⾷⬃ 㳷⏋ḃ ⪨㹯 /*%7 ᳏㚛⾷⬃ ㈃ㅸ㽃 ⪨㹯ㄫ ⠫≖㽛 ⬘⭳⯿ㅷㄿ ⭳ㆌ㹯 Ộㄫ ◻᳌⾷ ㎫⿛㽛 ḷ⾯ᛇ ㅣ❧ ⪨㹯ㄧ 㿫ㆌ⾷⬃ ᛧᘄㅛ ㎨ㇸ ᝓ⏋㽇⯿ㅯᶫ≄㽯᳋ $)HZ)HHW$ZD\!ᱻⲋ⎯㲟㷗⾛㻳⎓㣧ㅛ⬿ㄿỘㆌㅛ䂫᳓Ⅳ㎫⬘⭳⯿ㅷịㄿ ⎳᪏ᛣ ៟ 㿫⪨⾷ ᳧㽃 ◿ㄸㄫ ◻㪼ㄣ≃ ㅸ⾬ㄫ ㇫ᘃ㽃᳋ ⽘ㅛ Ộㆌ㼿᠗ ㅛ㇫ㄿ ㆌ⭳ịㅛ ㋣ᱻ ㄿ◟〧 ᛜᗫㄫ ㅛ㇫ ⬟᳧〧 ᳋⍛ᙳ ☂⼫ịㅟ᳋ 㿫㆓ ㅛịㄧ 㲠ㇼ㽃 ᛜᗫㅛ᩿ ㆌ⭳ᗧ ⼫Ჯ⾛ᶫ ⾟㈃ệ ⪨᳧⍣ ⎳᪇ ⯿ ㅯᱻ 䀿ᚤ⾷ ᭺⿓ㅯ᳋ ㅛ⇓㽃 ᚤ㾿ㄧ ㅸ⾬⾷ᶫ ⿨㾌ㄫ ◟㛋ㄣ⑗ ᷀ⳃ⾷ 㿫㆓ ⬘⭳⯿ㅷㄿ Ď⎳᪏ᛣ 㣋▋Ჯ㳗ďᗧ ⳃ ᛜᗫ⾷἗Ⅳ⾛ᾢᙳ⚧䀻㼿ᱻ㎧ᗧᲇ㽛⛣⯿ㅯㄫᙪㅛ᳋

7


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

LGBTQ SPACES 1950-1980, 명동, 지지로, 청계천, 종로 3가 공간이 각각 이동한다. 1980년 이후 컴퓨터가 확산됨에 따라 이태원에서 게이 온라인 커뮤니티 정모가 처음 으로 개최되었다. 이로써 이태원 지역은 새로운 게이 문화가 형성되었다.

ⳃ᳧⚫⬃ゟ᪛ᛜᗫㅛ᷀

ᬫ᳧ᛜᗫ㪧ㅬ

ᬫ᳧B⑬᷀

ᬫ᳧B㉬≃ᗧ

㉬⓿ᛜシ ᛸ䀻┟ᛸㆌ

㉬≃ᗧ

㪸ᛏᛜシ

⽸ㆌㇷㄿ⪨ⳋ㋸ⳓㄣ≃㩓⋏㎼ㅛ䁃☃䅯ㅣ⾛᪏ ㅣ◿ᗧㇼ㎸㋸⾷⬃Ⰷㄫ᪛᭺ᴿᛚ ⑬᷀⾷ル㠿㽃⽸ㆌㇷ☘䀻ㇷ「⪨ ០ㆌ♫ⲋ㬗◟᫷䀻ㆌⳋㄧ㩓⋏㎼ㆌ⭳≃⽇ゐ ㎧☐ㄿ⭳ᶫⳃᚤ゗᠗㘏♫ⲋ㬗◟᫷⾷㿼⬘

㚔ᚫ㚃

០᷀០ㆌ

㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌ

◻᳋០ㆌ

㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌㅛ㋸ⳓᛜᗫ

㞐┛≃ ᳧㽃០ㆌ ⏅ㄧ㶟⾷ ル㠿㽃 ០ㆌㄣ≃ ㋣≃ ᷀ⳃ ⪨⿨ㄫ

ᬫ᳧ㄿ ᳧㹃㇨ㅟ ᙳㅛ 㩓⋏㎼ ㆌ⭳᳋ ᬫ᳧⾷ ⌿

㚔ᚫ㚃៣㙿⾷ル㠿㽃⭳ៃ⒏ㄿ០ㆌㅛ᳋㉬≃ㄿ㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌᛣ

᳏⭴ㅛ ⳓ㽛⬃ ᗫ㳷ㅛ ⾭⾯ᛇ ㅷ⿗ⲋ⇓゛ ᳏ᛏ ᩿⼫ᗧ ⬃≃⍣ ᗧ㉘ㄣ≃⿓ᠧ

㽛㋣⾯᳋  㳳ᛇ᳋ ០ㆌㅛ ⬘䁐ㄫ ㅛ⋏᳋ ㅛ䂫 ⬃ゟㄿ ⿓⇓ ០ㆌㄣ≃ ㅟシㅛ ❫⪗᷿ᴿ ㋸⾷ ⠫᜷㇨ ㇱㄧ ᙳㅛịㄿ 㩓⋏㎼

⾷≃⿨䀻⍣⪨⿨㼿᳋ᗧᙳㅛ㩓⋏㎼០ㆌㄣ≃⬘ᚐㅛ〕ᚏᗻᱻᵗ 㽃㘤 ⬘䁐ㅣ ἳᱻ 㠜ᛣ 㠜 㠜⾷ᱻ ᩿ㅛệ ᙳㅛ  㠜⾷ᱻ

㞐┛≃ㄿ ០᷀០ㆌㅛ ┟ㄫ ᳒ㄧ 䂫 ㅟ㬗ᬞ Ộㄫ ㅛゐ㼿᠗ 䅿ịᙗ᩿ ⿯㇫ 㩓⋏㎼ ┟䀻⾷ ᳧㽃 㾌⯿ᗧ ㅯᴿ ⪓ⅳịㅛ ⎵ㅛ

㇫ḷ䀿ㇼᝳ᳠ⳃĎ⬇ᵗㅛ⬃ゟ䊜ⳇ┟⪓⾷⬃᷀⬘⽇⍣ㅷ០㇨ㄣ≃

ㆌ⭳≃ ㄇ⑬㽯᳋ ᬫ 㛯◿ᠳ㎧ ⪨⿨ㄫ 㼿᳋ᗧ ┟ㄫ ᳒ᛇ

ㇱㄧᙳㅛịㅛ㋣≃⒏⿧᳋᳠ⳃ⾷⿷≃゗ㆈ㎧᩿⍛㷓ⳃㄿ79

㘥ㄧᙪㄣ≃ ⼳∋㈟ㅯ᳋ 㝃៣ᠳ㎧ ⿨⾬ㄫ 㼿᳋ ᬫ ㋸◿

㹃㿫㼿⿓❧ㇼ㇨ㅟㅛ◟㎧⍣⾢ᙳ᷿ᛇ⪓䁳⾷⬃⭳たḏ ㉬≃ᗧ㷓㘏ᛏ⒐ㅛᙳㅛịㄿ㘏㎧ᗧḏ

㿫㆓ᱻ០ㆌたᛧ⎳ㄇ㎧㽃㘫᳋⍟⾬⭳ịㅛㅬ㋣㽃⪨㫃ㅛ᳋

㻫≃៟↏⾷⬃ ❧ㇼ㇨ㄣ≃ ᳋⋏⾛㎧᠗ᶫ 㽯ᱻᵗ ㅛᙪㅛ 》䅯∋ ᙳㅛị⾷ᙳ᭟㞃ㅛ᷿⑛⬃ᴻ゘⎵ㄧ⯿ㄿᙳㅛᗧ⒏ㅛᱻシㅟㅛ

㗋⾷┟ㄫ᳒⼿᳋

᷿᠗ᶫ 㼿⿧᳋ ៟⇓᩿ 㞐┛≃⾷ ០᷀០ㆌㅛ ⫄᠗ᛇ ㉬≃〧 ㅛ㫃シ⾷ᙳㅛ◻ịㅛ⫄᠗᠗ⳃㅸ㼿⑛⬃⯇㯛㽛ᬫ⾷┟ㄫ

⬃ゟⳃ㚔 ㄫ㎧≃

᳒⼿᳋㿫㆓ᱻᛇⳃシゐᶫ≃⻗ㅛᛇㅯㄣ⑗០ㆌたᛧㄿ㿼㫃ᱻ ⠫᜷㇨⛛㉛ㅛ᷿⾛ㅯ᳋

ᬫ᳧Bㄫ㎧≃

ᬫ᳧B㚔ᚫ㚃

⑬᷀

᪏⪗

⬃ゟᶫⳓ㎧䀼ㆌ⾷἗Ⅳ⽸ㆌㇷ㋸ⳓᛜᗫ⯇㯛 ㅟ⮫⭳ㅯᱻㄫ㎧≃ẞᛏ⒐ ⳇ᳠᷀⾷ル㠿㽃Ⰷ㎸ㄣ≃ㅛ᷀

᪏⪗ᛜシ ◼ㇼ䅓ㇼᝳㄿᶫⳃᚫ䁴⾷ㄿ㽛ᬫ᳧⎷⬟゛⪨ᗧᙛ⬋ ㉬≃ᘃ☃ᚫ䁴ㄫル㽛᪀シ᷀ㅣ᳧⪓㘤ᗧ⍣ㇼ䀻 ᙗ⎓ᗧ⠫コ㎫⪓ㅛ⾷⑮ᘃᗧㅷ⎓ㆈ⼿ᱻᵗ⼫㎨ᠳ㎧㉛㆓

 ᬫ᳧ ❧㬗 ⬘䁐ㄫ ㅛ⋏⾯ᴿ ᳧㹃㇨ㅟ ᙳㅛ㩓⋏㎼ ㆌ⭳ㅛ᳋  ⬃ゟ ᶫⳓ ⾛ỻ⾷⬃᩿ ᗧᡄᛇ Ⱉㅛ ㅯ⾛ ㄧ㶷⬘ㅛ ㉲᳋ᱻ ㇷᛣ ⑬᷀⾷ ㅯ⾯ᴿ 㩓⋏㎼ ០ㆌịㄿ 䀟䁐 ἳ┟ㅛ᳋㙿ㄳ⾷ᱻ  Ⱉ ⭴⾷⬃ 㩓⋏㎼ㅛ ㅛ⋏⾛㎧᳋ᗧ 䂫⾷ᱻ

ᙳㅛ◻⼫᳛!ㅛ⑬⛛០ㆌᗧᠳㅛ┟ㄫ⿗䂫㋫㋫ㅛᙳㅛ◻ᗧ㿼⬘ḏ 㛯◿⾷ᱻ᳧❧❫ㄿた᝔ㅟᛣ᪛᝔ㅟㅛᘀㅛ㞃ㅬ㼿ᱻ㿼㫃

ㅷ᷀㘏⍣ㅛゐ㼿ᱻ㿼㫃≃◻᧷ᙪㄣ≃⼳∋㈟ㅯ᳋

㉬≃ᗧ♯㘤㽏⾷἗Ⅳᬫ᳧㋸◿⾷⭳⑟

㉬⓿ᛜシ ㉬≃⬟゛⪨ᗧ⏅ㄧ㶟⾷ル㠿㽃ᛜシㄣ≃ㇼ䀼㼿ᙳᱻ㉬⓿⽅⾷ ㅯᱻ Ⱉ᠟ᛣ 䀻ㆌⳋㅛ 㩓⋏㎼ ㆌ⭳≃ ㄇ⑬㽯᳋ ㉬⓿ᛜシ 䀻ㆌⳋㄧ᳧㹃㇨ㅟ៧≃⎓䀧㩓⋏㎼ㆌ⭳≃ㄇ⑬㼿⿧ᛇ៟⽅ㄿ Ⱉ᠟ᶫ ㍰䅌㇨ㅟ ⎳᪏ㄫ シ㼿ᱻ ᙳㅛịㅛ ⎵ㅛ ⒏ㅟᙪㄣ≃ ⼳∋㈟ㅯㄣ᩿⿔ⳃᙳㅛ◻ㄿ䀼᳧〧ㅟ㬗ᬞ㘫㳬Ộㄿ⿨㾌ㄣ≃ ⯇㯛㼿ᙳ᷿⾯᳋

♫ⲋ㬗◟᫷ᛜ㋸䀻ㆌⳋ ⎵ㄧ ⪓ⅳㅛ 》ᗧᱻᛚ ㅜ⑬⬘ㅛ ⛛ㆌ᷿ᱻ ᛚㄧ ᙳㅛịㄿ 㽛☐ᝓᗧ ᷿᠗ ル㽛 㚒♯㏟≃ ᤤ䅯ᱻ ㉗ᙛịㅛ᳋ ᛣᙗ ᳧ᶫⳃ 㬗◟᫷ㄿ 「⪨⚤ㅛ᩿ 䀻ㆌⳋ ⚤⾷⬃ ᷀⬘㳳㲟᫯⍣ ᝓ㽃᳋ᱻ ㇫䀻♯䀟⍣  ⛛ᱻ ᙪㄧ ⾛∜㎧ ⼱ㄧ ㅣㅛ⾯᳋ 㽃 ⿯≃ ᗼ᪏ᛇ⭴♫ⲋ㬗◟᫷ 「⪨ㄧ ⬃ゟㄿ ㄇ⑬㽃 㩓⋏㎼ㆌ⭳⿧ᛇ ᚤ㘗ㄿ᳏⭴ㄫ☂ᱻㅣᠳ㎧ㅷ㋣ㅯ⾯᳋ᛇ㽃᳋

ᬫ᳧ㅛ䂫ᛜᗫ㪧ㅬ

㘃㎯☐

'9'☐

⒐ぼ㪼⾷἟⎗⯿⑛ⳋㄫㅛゐ㼿⿓㍷᠗ᱻ☐Ⳅ⒐ぼ㪼㲠⬘⪨⼳⒟ㅛᲯシ㼿ᱻ㚛㿼㪷⪰ㅛ⪨᳠䅯

㳳ᛇ᳋០ㆌᘀㄧᙳㅛ០ㆌㄿ㿫᳧♫㇫ㄣ≃ㅣ◿㇨ㅟ'9'☐ᛣᱻ᳋⍛᳋␻ㅟ⿨䀻⍣⪨⿨㼿ᱻ㣋᳋Ⅷ

Ɽ᳋ᱻ㲠⬘ㅛㅯ᳋ᙳㅛ㇫ゐㄿ⪓゗᩿ᱻ⯿⑛ⳋㅛ㩗ᙪㅛ㲠㎼ㅛ᳋

☐⾷⬃㩓⋏㎼㼿᳋ᗧ⬃≃ᯯㅛ⏅ㄣ⑛⚫ⳋ≃ị⾛ᗧ⬃㍷᠗ᱻ☐Ⳅㅛ᳋ᙳㅛị⪓ㅛ⾷⬃ᶫㅛ⇗ᙳ ㅯᱻ㎧ᶫ⒏⍛ᱻ⪓ⅳịㅛ⎵ㄫㇼᶫ≃⚫≃⾭ᛇ㋸ᬫㅛ⪨ㅛ㋣≃ㅛゐ㽃᳋ 㲠䅯㉬≃ㅣ᳧ᱻ⿨ᗷᲿị≃ᗧỄ㼿᳋

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

㩛⇤

⭳㋣☐⭳㋣〧៟⾷ᙟ⏅ᱻ⼯㋣ᗧ᩿》ᱻⰇ㎸

ᙳㅛ㇫ゐㄇ䅌⾬⭳⾷㽛᳠㽃᳋㼿㎧⎳/*%7⦷⎳⼫ᲯⅣㅣ◿⪓ⅳịᶫㅷ㋣㘥ᱻ᳋㉬≃

シ⫞◻㡜㬳ㅣㅛ᩿〧ㅟᘀㄧ⽸㋣⍣㋣≃⎯ⳃᱻⰇ㎸ㄣ≃◻Ⅳᛇ⛛⑛ḃ᳋シ⫞◻Ⅳᱻㅛ⍫ㄧ ⽸㋣⍣⚸ㅛ⼫ᲳㅻⰇ≃ᶫ㳷᳋ᱻ⎷ㅛ⾯㎧⎳ㅛ㈃ᱻㅣ㉬ㄿᛇㄇ⑬⪓䀻᷿⾛ㅻⰇㄧ⼯㳻ᙗ᩿

ᗧ⛛᳋ᱻㅛ㫃シ⾷◧㎸᷿⾛ㅯㄣ⑗᳧ㇱㄧᙳㅛịㅛㅛゐ㼿ᱻㆌ⭳ịㅛ᳋

㡜㬳ㅣ⎳㳳ᱻᛚᶫㅯ᳋ ᗧⅣ》㣧Ⰷ㎸㽃㒤⾷┛᳧ᗧㅯ⾛᭟ⅿ⍣❧⍣⯿ㅯ᳋ᗧᚐㅛ⠫ⳣ⎳㩣᳧㚛≃ㅛゐ⿗∠᳧ᗧ᭹᳋

9


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

MAPPING OF LGBTQ SPACES / Jongro 3ga 종로의 게이 클럽과 바를 지도에 표시하였다. 이것은 종로3가에 고루 분포되어 있다.

㘃㎯☐ ᶯ䀻┟≃

⎓》䄛ᙳ㬻 ⛛⬄䄛ᙳ㬻 Ⅳㅛ』ⲋ ᗧⅣ》㣧

%$5 9,9$ Ἤ㥐 $'',&7 ⬟᠗ 㝻⾜ ⠫⽋⠫ %,6752 %$5 ◻㤻ể 6+257%86 ⭻Ⅳⲋ㮇⎓ ⾛Ⅳ゛ể (6&$3( 2:22 㷓ⳃ㍳ 㻫⇳㍯ ほ⋏!⽣䂫 ⇓⟳ⲋ㪧!%% ⼫⎓ 㫔◻ 028 〓⎓⟳ 327(1 *4 ⽸⛜ㇷ

0&/8% 㻫Ↄ㍯

⬟゛⪨ᗧ

㉬≃ᗧ⿔

ᶯ䀻┟≃᠟

⭳㋣☐ ᳏㎧ ᴻ㥃Ⅳ 䃿 9,//$0 ᛇ㝻ㆇㅷ⎓ 㼿᱿ᶫḸ ㉗⽤ᶳ ◿Ἆ❯ 㧇ⲋ!(,*+7((1 㽃ㅻ ┣⇯☐⼫㷓㘏 㴄㤿 ⡜⡜⭳㋣☐ 㘤!&2'( ♫㲧⇓ ㎧⚈ ᶫᡏ⠫ ᙳⲋ㲟ⳃ㍳ ៟⋏ ㎧⚈ ⒏≃ ⾛㼫 JXHVW

ㅟ⪓᷀᠟

㛯᷀᜷䁳

㪸ᛏᛜシ

0

10

.21* '(6+ ᪏ㅷ⬟⪨ ☃⎓ ⭻Ⅳⲋ㮇⎓ ⼫ⅇ 㘓ⲋ!% %  㳳ᛇ᳋ . 〓ㅟ 㮇⎯㮇 ❯ᛗ!⿓゗ᬋ᭟ⅿ☐ 㚔⪓㛯≘!EDUFRGH ⾻㉗ㅛ ⪰ᠻ ᛇᝓ⎯ ⬃≃⎯㋣⛛᠗ 㶇≃ 䀟◼ ☃⇳㳗᭟ ㄇ㮇㼣⼫ ◟᩿◟!㾯⎓゗ể᭟ⅿ☐ ⳃ ⎓◻ㅛ⟻ ⿛⽇ ⠫◻㚛 ⒓ⲋ㬗 *Ⅳ゛㎧ ⪰ᠻ 䅯㍯ 6$<<(6 ⲋ᭟ ㄿ⪨ⳋ

⇯㬳 ㄿ⪛ⳋ

セ㵿ㅛ㵣 㤻ほ㬳 ᝓ䅯ᙳ *:$7(5

⤧⤧ (⡇ ᷀ᚤ ⬣ⲋ ⪗⎯⎓᭟ ⪓ⅸ㰓 ◟᭟ ㄇ䀠 '9'☐ 㳳ᛇ᳋'9'០ㆌ ┟䀻'9' ᛸㆌ'9'☐

25

60

출처:https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1Q6nZOljFbx_ntDcgW94ZX8sj8B0&hl=ko&ll=37.57621529836936%2C127.03613900000005&z=13

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

11


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

MAPPING OF LGBTQ SPACES / Jongro 3ga 종로3가의 게이 클럽과 바 사진이다.

Papas

Valentino

᷀ᚤ

㷓ㆌ⎯㘏

⪓ⅸ㰓

ᛇ㝻ㆇㅷ⎓⪓ⅸ☐

VRODUVWRU\

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

Popcorn

〓ㅟ

ⳃ

᪏ㅷ

♫㩛⎓



⒏ᴿ⛛ㅛ

'KRPH

⿔⎯

%DUFRGH

⬟᠗☃⎓

㳳ᛇ᳋

13


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

MAPPING OF LGBTQ SPACES / Jongro 3ga 종로의 게이 클럽과 바를 지도에 표시하였다. 이것은 종로3가에 고루 분포되어 있다.

L

K

A

G

B

H

C

I

D

J

F

L

J D A

B

C

F

G

I E

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Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

15


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

MAPPING OF LGBTQ SPACES / Itaewon Usadanro 14gil 종로와 달리 이태원은 하나의 거리에 연속된 입면을 갖는다.

A B

+70.3

+65.3

+61.9

K E Y MA P

+57.5

B

A

우사단로 14길 북측입면

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+61.9

B

A 우사단로 14길 남측입면

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

17


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

MAPPING OF LGBTQ SPACES / Itaewon Usadanro 14gil 종로와 달리 이태원은 하나의 거리에 연속된 입면을 갖는다.

A B

K E Y MA P

A

B 우사단로 12길 남측입면

B

A 우사단로 12길 북측입면

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

19


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

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Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

21


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

BEFORE AND AFTER / Itaewon + Jongro 이태원과 종로는 지속적으로 동성애 커뮤니티의 새로운 공간이 생겨나고 기존에 있던 공간이 사라지고 다른 공간으로 바뀐다.

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Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi







2016.10









23


REFERENCES

IMAGE CREDITS

김준만, 독선사회 :세상을 꿰뚫는 50가지 이론, p85-97

1.표지, 게이스타 뉴스, 2 June 2015 , Darren Wee, 1pg http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/korea-pride-banned-police020615/

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

우르와시 부딸리아 , 빼앗긴 사람들 : 아시아 여성과 개발 ,p150-168 한국게이인권운동단체 친구사이, GAY CULTURE HOLIC (친절한 게이문화 안내서, 게이 컬처 홀릭), p12-45, p55-94 리처드 플로리다 , 신 창조 계급, p253-260 리처드 플로리다, 도시와 창조계급 , p 35-40, p102-106 전원근. "1980 년대 선데이서울 에 나타난 동성애담론과 남성 동성애자들의 경험." 젠더 와 문화 8.2 (2015): 139-170.

2.선데이 서울, 다음 블로그, 2012.07.26, 4pg http://blog.daum.net/modsjj/292 3.초동회 소식지, 퀴어락, 2009.10.24, 4pg http://queerarchive.org/bbs/14780 4.헤드윅,ezday 커뮤니티, 2011.06.02 , 올빼미, 4pg http://www.ezday.co.kr/bbs/view_board.html?q_sq_board=2679516 5.친구사이 로고, seoul jobs, https://seouljobs.net/recruit/youth1541/

학술연구용역과제 최종결과보고서 - 에이즈 결핵관리과, 질병관리본부 양우천, and 나은경. "동성애 관련 미디어 이용의 장르별 문화계발 효과." 글로벌문화콘 텐츠 21 (2015): 63-89. 이서진. "게이 남성의 장소 형성: 종로구 낙원동을사례로", 서울대학교 대학원 지리학 과 석사논문., 2007." 게이 남성의 장소 형성: 종로구 낙원동을사례로",[지리학논총] 49 (2006): 23-44. 박지훈, and 이진. "성소수자에 대한 미디어의 시선." 미디어, 젠더 & 문화 28 (2013): 5-42. 한지은. "창조도시의 중국적 맥락: 상하이 창의산업구를 사례로." 한국도시지리학회지 15.2 (2012): 137-151. *Bell, David, and Jon Binnie. “Authenticating queer space: citizenship, urbanism and governance.” Urban studies 41.9 (2004): 1807-1820. *Yue, Audrey, and Helen Hok-Sze Leung. “Notes towards the queer Asian city: Singapore and Hong Kong.” Urban Studies (2015): 0042098015602996. *Oswin, Natalie. “The queer time of creative urbanism: family, futurity, and global city Singapore.” Environment and Planning A 44.7 (2012): 1624-1640. 행동하는 성소수자 인권 연대 홈페이지 http://www.lgbtpride.or.kr 한국게이인권운동단체 홈페이지 https://chingusai.net 무지개행동 이반스쿨 홈페이지 http://lgbtact.org MAGAZIE ART 2015년 8월호 - 한국 미술계에도 '여섯 빛깔 무지개' 뜰까? http://www.artinculture.kr/online/2610 http://www.xpo.co.kr/wp/?p=1 http://lgbtpride.tistory.com/1154 https://www.tumblbug.com/rainbowhouse https://tumblbug.com/trying-to-be-cool https://chingusai.net/xe/newsletter/477854?category=481335 http://www.artinculture.kr/online/2610 http://www.duiromagazine.com/ http://notein-between.weebly.com/ http://www.etoday.co.kr/news/section/newsview.php?idxno=749750 http://lgbtpride.tistory.com/606 http://cafe.naver.com/maknoli/1147 http://www.newspim.com/news/view/20150319000448 https://newbloommag.net/2014/11/01/profile-taiwan-lgbt-family-rights-advocacy/ http://blog.naver.com/skyscout/220666857253 https://newbloommag.net/2014/11/01/profile-taiwan-lgbt-family-rights-advocacy/ http://www.huffingtonpost.kr/lgbtstudies-kr/story_b_10390232.html http://www.twpride.org/ http://www.gaytaipei4u.com/cruising/

6.레즈비언 로고,소셜펀치, 한국 레즈비언상담소,4pg https://www.socialfunch.org/L 7.홍석천 캐리커쳐, 한겨레 신문, [나는 역사다] 9월26일의 사람, 연예인 최초 커밍아웃 홍석천(1971~ ), 2016-09-25,5pg http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/society_general/762666.html 8. 종로의 기적 포스터, DAL Story, 2011.06.17 , 5pg http://cinemadal.tistory.com/1543 9.김조광수 결혼식 포스터, 허핑턴포스트코리아,2016.10.14, 5pg http://www.huffingtonpost.kr/gwangsoo-kimjho/story_b_12483900.html 10. 사랑을 그대 품안에 드라마 포스터, hulkpop, 2014.09.28, 4pg https://hulkpop.com/album-various-artists-all-my-love-for-you-ost/ 11. 째즈 드라마 포스터, 네이버 블로그, 행쇼, 2012.11.14, 4pg http://m.blog.naver.com/haengsou/140172732692 12.'번지점프를 하다' 영화 포스터, POSTECH LinQ, 4pg https://sites.google.com/site/postechlinq/HelloWorld/media 13. '슬픈유혹' 영화 포스터, 다음 영화, 4pg http://movie.daum.net/tv/main?tvProgramId=54488 14. '순자' 영화 포스터, 다음영화, 4pg http://movie.daum.net/tv/main?tvProgramId=53186 15. '미스터 굿바이' 드라마 포스터, 비회원, 2012.02.29, 4pg http://digitalboy.tistory.com/40 16. '왕의남자' 영화 포스터, 네이버블로그, 지니, 2014.08.27, 4pg http://blog.naver.com/PostView.nhn?blogId=genieplay&log No=220104890648 17. '장희빈' 드라마 포스터, 2011-08-25, 4pg http://dora-love-b.blog.so-net.ne.jp/2011-08-25 18. '완벽한 룸메이트' 드라마 포스터,네이버 블로그 ,2008.04.04 ,4pg http://blog.naver.com/PostView.nhn?blogId=faye_wong&logNo=5002996675 2&redirect=Dlog&widgetTypeCall=true

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

25


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / QUEER URBANISM

19. ‘미남이시네요' 드라마 포스터, sbs, 4pg http://program.sbs.co.kr/builder/programMainList.do?pgm_id=00000339966

39. 1980대 이후 공간타입_찜질방, 한겨레, 2015-01-23, 8pg http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/society_general/675055.html

20. ‘아름다운 그대에게' 드라마 포스터, 위키트리, 2012.09.06 ,5pg http://www.wikitree.co.kr/main/news_view.php?id=83591

40. 극동극장, 다음 블로그, 산들바람 2014.07.22 ,9pg http://blog.daum.net/minitime622/1376

21. ‘바람의 화원' 드라마 포스터, 티스토리, 2009.01.23 ,5pg

41. 바다극장, 미드스타, 호세, 2012.09.04, 9pg

http://romantico.tistory.com/category/%EB%93%9C%EB%9D%BC%EB%A7%88

http://www.midistar.co.kr/festival/12310

22. '커피프린스 1호점' 드라마 포스터, InfoPipa, 쫑, 2014.05.08 ,5pg http://info.pipa.co.kr/seller/10733

42. 남산공원, 한국여행 chillout korea, 9pg http://www.chilloutkorea.com/namsan-park/

23. '인생은 아름다워' 드라마 포스터, 브라이언송, 2010.09.15, 5pg http://myaudiologist.kr/350

43. 종묘공원, 티스토리, 자전거탄풍경, 12.12.04 , 9pg http://your2013.tistory.com/18

24. '개인의 취향' 드라마 포스터, t+ 연예 ,2016.04.13,5pg http://news.tongplus.com/site/data/html_dir/2015/03/31/2015033100929.html 25. '성균관 스캔들' 드라마 포스터, 다음블로그, 2011.01.08, 5pg http://blog.daum.net/_blog/photoList.do?blogid=0OjOg&categoryid=6 26. '앤티크' 영화 포스터, boiminet, 2008.11.28 ,5pg http://boimi.net/89 27. '쌍화점' 영화 포스터, 다음 블로그, 소 ,2010.04.18, 5pg http://blog.daum.net/s5025/205 28. '시크릿가든' 드라마 포스터, 네이버블로그, 2011.06.21 ,5pg http://blog.naver.com/PostView.nhn?blogId=v_marketing&logNo=90116172808 29. 꽁치의 옷장엔 치마만 100개,이글루스 ,2015.07.08, 7pg http://egloos.zum.com/insquare/v/9762858 30. '꽁치랑 뽀뽀하면 안된다고?', 이야기채집단 트위터,2016.05.30,7pg https://twitter.com/chaezipdan 31. '아저씨 안마 시술소', 까만봉지 웹툰,7pg http://www.kkatoon.com/toon/main/64 32. '레인보우 스토어' ,레인보우스토우 트위터, 2015.08.14, 7pg https://twitter.com/rainbowst0re/status/632130319777337344 33. '레즈파', 퀴어문화축제 뉴스레터, 송이, 2015.05.01, 7pg http://www.kqcf.org/xe/?mid=newsletter&listStyle=viewer&document_srl=167332 34. '무지개집' 사진, 친구사이 뉴스레터, 2016.07.18, 7pg https://chingusai.net/xe/newsletter/477854?category=491072 35. '기와하우스' 사진, 길종상가, 7pg http://bellroad.1px.kr/12484 36. 도미양장점 사진, 브라보 마이라이프, 김영순 기자, 2016.05.27, 7pg http://bravo.etoday.co.kr/view/atc_view.php?varAtcId=4867 37. 명보극장, 네이버 블로그, 보물섬, 2015.09.04, 7pg http://blog.naver.com/PostView.nhn?blogId=s5we&logNo=220471713278 38. 1970년대 청계천 사진, 대자보 인터넷 신문, 황진태, 2006.08.23 ,7pg http://www.jabo.co.kr/sub_read.html?uid=16833 Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Haein Choi

27

Profile for Yehre Suh / Urban Terrains Lab

QUEER URBANISM : Urban Ecology of the LGBTQ Community in Itaewon  

The LGBTQ community in Korea have long been marginalized and oppressed. This created an underground network which allowed the community to c...

QUEER URBANISM : Urban Ecology of the LGBTQ Community in Itaewon  

The LGBTQ community in Korea have long been marginalized and oppressed. This created an underground network which allowed the community to c...

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