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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY Urban Ecology of the Cosmetic Surgery Tourism in Gangnam

According to the 2017 International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery(ISAPS) global statistics report, South Korea had the highest per capita plastic surgery nation in the world with 13.5 out of 1,000 people having had plastic surgery and is responsible for 25% of the global plastic surgery market. The Gallup Poll states that nine out of ten Koreans think “how we look is important in our life” and the Korean government has identified cosmetic surgery and dermatology as a key industry to fund and support. Gangnam district’s Apgujung-dong and Sinsa-dong is the global center of cosmetic surgery market where building after building are filled with breast augmentation, liposuction, eyelid surgery, abdominoplasty, rhinoplasty, botulinum toxin, hyaluronic acid, hair removal, nonsurgical fat reduction, and photo rejuvenation service providers. Korean’s obsession with how we look has become a powerful economic market force that has reshaped the urban fabric of one of the most expensive neighborhoods in Seoul. We plan to investigate the urban ecology of the cosmetic industry to identify the urban market structure of cosmetic tourism. Not only the clinics but also the tour agencies who organize the packages for foreign tourists from China, Japan and the various South East Asian countries, and the network of hotels, restaurants, hair salons, facial clinics, and shopping routes establish an urban system that has become an important national export industry. The urban network is highly calibrated to allow plastic surgery to become a vacation package that is constantly diversifying to promote a continuous flow of international currency into Gangnam, no matter the international politics. We hope to identify the spatial ramifications of such a global yet local industry.

sources: https://www.yna.co.kr/view/AKR20170930033300017 https://www.huffpost.com/entry/korea-plastic-surgery_l_5d72afb0e4b07521022c00e1 https://www.economist.com/banyan/2013/09/06/a-popular-look https://www.gallup.co.kr/gallupdb/reportContent.asp?seqNo=1097

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

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COSMETIC CLINIC DISTRIBUTION IN GANGNAM DISTRICT

1981~1989 total 11

1998 total 58

2002 total 206

2010 total 235

2013 total 317

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

2015 total 355

Source: Gangnam DIstrict Office Medical Department, "Gangnam District Medical Facility Data", December 31, 2016 강남구청 의약과, 강남구 의료기관 현황, 2016년 12월 31일

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

ACTOR NETWORK MAP

Medical Health Legislation Amendments

One-Stop Plastic Surgery Tourism Service

Advertising / Marketing

Medical Technology

K Culture

Medical Tourism

Medical Lawsuits

Tourism Policy

Short-Term/Long-Term Lodging

Hospital/Clinic Workers

Restaurants Beauty Industry

Medical Facilities Procedure Area and Type

President Park Geunhae / Choi Soonsil Gate Social Standards Finance

Beauty Cosmetic Streets

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

SUB-INDUSTRIES OF COSMETIC TOURISM

Plastic Surgery Clinic brand Medical Cosmetics 성형외과개발 화장품

Sauna 사우나

Diet Clinics 다이어트 클리닉

Pharmacy 약국

Currency Exchange + Jewery 환전소+ 쥬얼리

Eastern Medicine for Cosmetic Swelling 성형붓기 한약

Hair Salons 미용실

Cosmetic Surgery Recovery Hotels 성형시술 회복 호텔

Hair Loss, Scalp Clinics 모발이식 클리닉

Foreigner Only Casinos 외국인 전용 카지노

Inchon International Airport Medical Tourism Support Center 인천국제공항의료관광지원센터

Beauty Product Stores 뷰티샵

Massage 마사지

Duty Free Shops within the City Center 시내 면제점

Free Shuttle Bus to Duty Free Stores 면세점무료셔틀버스

Short Term Rental Residence 단기임대숙박

Eastern Medicine Cosmetics (Accupuncture Breast Enlargement, Skincare, Facial Lifting, etc) 한방성형

“Smart Hotel”, Hotel/Hospital for Medical Tourists 의료관광 호텔

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

STANDARDS OF BEAUTY Korean Beauty 'Clones'

Transformations in Standards of Beauty in Female Korean Actors

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T퓮힎핆헣퓲핳짆

T킮밎팮헒핆

T킺픎밎컮몮콚폏

T밎���콯묞헒힎 “20 Miss Korea 2013 finalists were posted on Reddit fueling speculation that many of them had undergone surgery...”

Source: Steve Nolan, “Has plastic surgery made these beauty queens all look the same?”, Daily Mail, 2013.4.25 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2314647/Has-plastic-surgery-20-Korean-beauty-pageant-contestants-look-Pictures-contest-hopefuls-goesviral.html 최보란 "1960-2000년대 세대별 '미녀 트로이카 누구", 머니투데이 2009.06.27, https://news.mt.co.kr/mtview.php?no=2009062513095497208 Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

COSMETIC PROCEDURES

6. Ears 귀

1. Eyes 눈 1-1. 상안검성형술 - 쌍꺼풀 수술 - 눈꺼풀 수술 - 눈매교정술(눈매성형술, 융비술, 안검하수 교정술)

6-1. 귀성형술 6-2. 귓볼성형술

1-2. 하안검성형술 - 애교수술(안륜근융비술) - 눈밑지방 수술 1-3. 눈 부가성형술 - 트임술(안각성형술)

7. Chin, Facial Profile 턱,안면윤곽 7-1. 상악수술 -전진술 -후진술 -상악축소술 7-2. 하악수술 -(턱끝)전진술 -(턱끝)후진술 7-3. 양악수술(악교정술)

2. Nose 코 2-1. 비교정술(휜코교정술) -축비술 -비만곡교정술 2-2. 비주성형

2-3. 코끝성형술(비침성형술) - 콧볼성형술 - 콧볼축소술 - 비대칭 교정술

7-4. 안면부가성형술 -골이식술 -비기저부 융기술 7-5.(귀족수술),부비융기술 -비순각교정술(고양이수술) -지방이식술 -필러 시술 -보톡스 시술 -근육축소술

3. Lips 입술 3-1. 입술확대술 - 지방이식술 - 필러 시술 - 진피이식술

8. Hair 모발

3-2. 입술축소술 3-3. 인중확대술 3-4. 인중축소술 3-5. 이차성구순구개열 수술

8-1. 모발이식술(식모술) 8-2. 제모술 8-3. 조직확장기를 이용한 탈모제거술 8-4. 두피 메조테라피 8-5. 전기자극 시술

4. Forehead 이마 4-1. 이마확대술(이마윤곽술) -지방이식술 -보형물 삽입술 -필러 시술 4-2. 이마축소술

4-3. 이마거상술 -(비수술적)리프트 -내시경적 이마거상술 -고전적(수술적)이마거상술 -인도타인 이마거상술 -눈썹거상술 4-4. 뒤통수 성형술

9. Arm, Hands 팔, 손 9-1.지방제거술 -지방흡입술 -지방파괴술 9-2. 지방이식술

10. Skin, Wrinkles 피부,주름

5.Cheeks, Cheek Bones 볼,광대 5-1. 안면거상술 5-2. 광대축소술(관골축소술) -비절개 광대축소술 -절개 광대축소술 -내시경적 광대축소술 5-3. 광대확대술 -지방이식술

-필러 시술 -보형물 삽입 5-4. 측두부함물교정술 -보형물 삽입술 -지방이식술 5-5. 볼축소술

11. Breasts 가슴 11-1. 가슴확대술 -보형물 삽입 -지방이식술 -세포이식술 -가슴확대재수술 11-2. 가슴축소술 -지방흡입술 -지방제거술 11-3. 유방하수교정술 -리프팅 -유방거상술

10-1. 장비를 이용한 시술 -레이저 시술 -초음파 시술 -고주파 시술 10-2. 박피(필링) -기계적 박피 -레이저 박피 -화학적 박피 10-3. 보톡스 시술

12. Legs, Feet 다리, 발 -유방고정술 -보형물삽입 11-4. 유방재건술 11-5. 유두유륜복합체 성형술 -유두재건술 -유륜교정술(유륜성형술) -유두축소술 11-6. 함몰유두교정술 11-7. 여유증 수술

12-1. 근육축소술(근육퇴축술) -수술적 근육축소술 -신경절제술 -고주파/중주파 12-2. 근육축소술 -보톡스 시술 -레이저 시술 12-3. 확대술 -지방이식술 -보형물 삽입술 12-4. 지방제거술

13. Body Shape and Line 체형, 바디라인 13-1. 지방제거술 -수술적 지방절제술 -비수술적 지방흡입술 -장비를이용한 지방제거술, 지방분해술 -지방분해주사 -카톡시 테라피 13-2. 지방이식술

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

10-4. 필러 시술 10-5. 지방이식술 10-6. 광역동치료(PDT) 10-7. 미세침치료(MTS) 10-8. 이온영동요법 10-9. 흉터성형술,흉터제거술 10-10. 조직확장기술 10-11. 메조테라피(주사시술)

14. Buttocks 서혜부,엉덩이 14-1. 힙업수술 -보형물 삽입술 -지방이식술 -특수실 리프트 14-2. 화음성형술 -대음순 성형술 -소음순 성형술 -음핵 성형술

-화음부성형술 -처녀막성형술 -질성형수술 14-3. 성기확대술 -귀두확대술 -음경확대술 -음경길이연장술 14-4. 옹경배부 신경차단술

15. Other 기타 15-1. 다한증치료 -교감신경절제술 -보톡스 치료 -이온토포레시스 15-2. 악취증 치료 -아포크린샘 제거술

-장비를 이용한 제거술 -주사 시술 15-3. 비만수술 15-4. 복부성형술 15-5. 침술

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HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

COSMETIC SURGERY MANUALS

경피거근 절제술 중 Blaskovics Berke 변법 A. 쌍커풀 될 부위에 피부절개를 하고 안륜근을 노출시킨다. B. 검판 앞에 있는 3~4mm폭의 안륜근을 제거하고 검판을 노출시키나 안검연에서 2mm 이내의 안륜근을 남긴다. C.검판 상연 부위에서 곁막을 통과하는 4~5mm 수직 절개를 가하고 Berke clamp로 결막, Muller근, 거근건막을 같이 최고 그 하단을 검판 상연에 따라 절단한다. D. Clamp를 들고 결막하에 마취약을 주사하여 결막이 Muller근으로부터 쉽게 박리되도록 한다. E. F. 충분히 박리된 결막은 검판상연에 60 크롬징선으로 봉합한다. G. Berke clamp를 밑으로 당기면서 안와격막을 검판 상연을 따라 절개하며 이 때 안와지방이 돌출하면 독ㄹ출되는 지방만 제거하고 거근건막을 노출시킨다. H. 거근의 예상절제량이 15mm를 넘을 경우는 Whitnail 인대를 포함하여 위가 약간 좁게 거근을 가위로 절단한다. I. j. 박리된 거근을 밑으로 당겨 상안검연이 삼각막윤부 하방 1~2mm에 높이도록 검판 위에 석상봉합으로 고정한다. K.L. 여분의 거근은 석상봉합 부위에서 3~4mm 떨어져 절단하며, 안검피부 절개면의 진피를 검판상연 위치의 거근위에 고정하여 쌍꺼풀을 만들고 Frost 봉합으로 각막을 보호한다.

유방축소술의 술전 도안 유방축소술에서는 유두·유륜 복합체의 위치를 잘 정하는 것이 중요하다. AB와 A'B'는 약 5cm 정도이며 B와 B'의 거리(X) 는 축소를 위해 절제하는 조직의 양에 따라 다르다. IMC = Inframammary crease, SN = sternal notch, MC = midclavicular, MHL = midhumeral line

Mustarde법

코의 지지구조 재건술

A. 절개 B.피판을 뒤집어 결막측에서 절개하고 기저부 폭이 3~5mm되게 한다 C. 하안검절개선 봉합, D.결손부를 하안검 피판으로 재건하며 회색선을 잘 맞추는 것이 중요하다. 술후 5일째에 봉합사를 제거하고, 피판경의 절단은 10~14일에 한다.

A. 깃발파판, B. Limberg파판, C. 이엽피판, D. 비배파판

Neck Lift 엉덩, 대전자의 피부지방 절제술

상박부 피부지방 절제술

(A) The areas to be treated during liposuction are marked before surgery (B) and then injected with a solution to aid in fat removal . (C) The surgeon inserts a cannula into the areas, (D) then suctions out fat with a back and forth motion.

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

비내면 재건술 A. 양경조직전진피판, B. 경첩피판, C. 비중격점막성연골막피판, 19


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

“According to Korean proverb a tiger leaves his coat after his death, and a patient undergone jaw reduction surgery leaves a piece of bone after his operation.” BK Plastic Surgery Museum http://travelwireasia.com/2012/09/destination-bk-plastic-surgery-museum-seoul/

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

21


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

COSMETIC SURGERY EQUIPMENT

Plastic Surgery Kit

핓믾 컫켦 쿦쿮훟킪퍊펞짷쇦쁢팯���읊핓

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

23


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

픦욚푷��� 뫟샎쳖쿦쿮펞튾핒

Post Surgery Bandages

Bone Saw is used for cutting bony tissue, most often in plastic and orthopedic surgery.

Gigli Saw Wire is comprised of multiple, flexible, wires twisted in such a way as to create multiple cutting surfaces.

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

25


APGUJEONG-DONG COSMETIC SURGERY STREET

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

Apgujeong-ro 28gil

Apgujeong-ro 20gil + Nonhyun-ro 167gil

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

27


APGUJEONG-DONG COSMETIC SURGERY STREET

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

Nonhyun-ro

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

29


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

PHASING PHA PH P SITE H SIN SING ANALYSIS GP PLAN LAN L AN AN 01 / Gangnam District, Apgujeong-ro 28gil 25, Dongshim Building 서울특별시 강남구 압구정로 28길 25 동심빌딩 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 70%

Hair Salons, Nail Shops 미용실, 네일샵

Cosmetic Surgery Clinic 성형외과

Beauty Shop, Drug Store 뷰티샵, 드럭스토어

Dermatology/Skin Clinic 피부과

Spa, Jjimjilbang 스파, 찜질방

Eastern Medicine Clinic 한의학과

Massage 마사지(경락)

Dentist 치과

Clothing Store 옷가게

Gynecologist 산부인과

Yoga, Personal Training 요가,PT

Ophthalmologist 안과 Hair Implant Center 모발이식센터 Parmacy 약국

Apgujeong-ro 20gil + Nonh

Se Seou Seo S eo eo eou ou u l National N a tion Na t ion tio ti iio on o na all University U Univ nivve ni nive n e rs rsi rrsit ssit it y Graduate Grr ad G adu adua a du d ua u uate a te t e School S ch ccho ho h o oo o oll of o f Environmental Env En E nv n v iro iron ron on o n ment nment men e a al Studies S ttudi di e ess Dept. D ept ept. e ptt of p o f Land La an nd scap ccap ap e Architecture Ar A chi ch chit hi ec h ectu e cttu t u rre e + Graduate Gra G ra a duat dua a te t e Program Pr P ogram ogrr a m for ogra fo f o r Urban Urr ban U ba an Desi Design e gn esi gn Seoul Landscape URBA U RB RBA B A N TERRAINS BA TE T E RR RRA RRAI R RAI R A I NS RA N S LAB LA AB B/P Progr rrog ro rogr og o ogr grr am g am D irec iire ir rre rec ecccttto e tor, or, or o r, r Yehre Ye Y Yeh eh re e r e Suh Su uh h / Investigator, In Inv nve esti est sstt gat ga gato ato to o rr,, Seung-Ae Se eun eu un ung u ng n g --A -Ae Ae A e Han H an URBAN Program Director,

Nonhyun-ro

Apgujeong-ro 28g

il

yun-ro 167gil

31


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

서울특별시 강남구 압구정로 28길 25 동심빌딩 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 70%

residence core

cosmetic surgery 198

hagwon cosmetic surgery core COSMETIC COSMETIC SURGERY 93 SURGERY70 HAIR SALON

93

PHARMACY 178

BAG SHOP

dental clinic 200

COSMETIC SURGERY 70

SHOE SHOP

200

SUIT SHOP

COSMETIC SHOP

RESTAURANT

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

535

33


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

SITE ANALYSIS 01 / Gangnam District, Nonhyun-ro 167gil 9, Naksan Plaza Building 서울특별시 강남구 논현로 167길 9 낙산프라자 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 75%

Hair Salons, Nail Shops 미용실, 네일샵

Cosmetic Surgery Clinic 성형외과

Beauty Shop, Drug Store 뷰티샵, 드럭스토어

Dermatology/Skin Clinic 피부과

Spa, Jjimjilbang 스파, 찜질방

Eastern Medicine Clinic 한의학과

Massage 마사지(경락)

Dentist 치과

Clothing Store 옷가게

Gynecologist 산부인과

Yoga, Personal Training 요가,PT

Ophthalmologist 안과 Hair Implant Center 모발이식센터

Nonhyun-ro

Apgujeong-ro 28g

il

Parmacy 약국

Apgujeong-ro 20gil + Nonh

yun-ro 167gil

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

35


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

서울특별시 강남구 논현로 167길 9 낙산프라자 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 75%

COSMETIC SURGERY COSMETIC SURGERY

321

321

COSMETIC SURGERY

321

COSMETIC SURGERY

321

COSMETIC SURGERY cafe

321

335

restaurant

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

549

37


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

SITE ANALYSIS 03 / Gangnam District, Nonhyun-ro 843, EGI Building 서울특별시 강남구 논현로 843 EGI 빌딩 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 100%

Hair Salons, Nail Shops 미용실, 네일샵

Cosmetic Surgery Clinic 성형외과

Beauty Shop, Drug Store 뷰티샵, 드럭스토어

Dermatology/Skin Clinic 피부과

Spa, Jjimjilbang 스파, 찜질방

Eastern Medicine Clinic 한의학과

Massage 마사지(경락)

Dentist 치과

Clothing Store 옷가게

Gynecologist 산부인과

Yoga, Personal Training 요가,PT

Ophthalmologist 안과 Hair Implant Center 모발이식센터

Nonhyun-ro

Apgujeong-ro 28g

il

Parmacy 약국

Apgujeong-ro 20gil + Nonh

yun-ro 167gil

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

39


HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

서울특별시 강남구 논현로 167길 9 낙산프라자 Cosmetic Surgery Related Businesses : 100%

u rre e + Graduate Grra Gra G r ad d uat dua duate duat a t e Program Pr P Progra r ogra gr m for fo f o r Urban U ban Ur an n Design Desi D esii g n Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

41


1986.07.18. 경향신문

‘우리도 예뻐지자 남성 미용 성형’ 중년남자들의 수술 동기를 정력의 과시·정년퇴직의 불안 등으로 분석

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

한 고박사는 “배의 지방제거 수술은 드문 편이지만 중년 여성들간에 유행하고 있는 만큼 남성들에게도 바람이 불 것 같다”고 말한다.

1965.08.26. 경향일보 솧팒핊쫂

‘코가낮아서’

ˎ팒읒삲풚힎쁢

운=콧대만 높으면 다른데는 흠잡을대가 없읍니다.

짷쩣ˏ

답=안심하십시오. 성형외과에 가서 수술하면 높게 됩니다. 1975.03.13. 경향일보

‘인기스타 거의가 성형미인’ 눈이나 코의 성형은 신인인 경우가 태반이고, 기성연예 인들 가운데는 주름살을 없애기 위해 성형외과를 많이 찾는다고 했다. ... 그러니까 성형스타의 1할은 남자라 는 얘기가 된다. 성형스타들의 이름은 극비에 붙여지기 때문에 정확히는 알 수 없으나 이상의 데이터에 대하여 전문가들은 부인픒힎팘몮핖삲

1975.10.23. 경향일보

솧팒핊쫂

‘종도의원’(광고)

‘성형한다고 얼굴에 상처 입혀 무먼혀의 기소’

1979.03.23. 동아일보

‘사치성 성형 붐 배 주름살 펴는데 300만원’ 의사들에 따르면 종전에는 얼굴 또는 배의 주름살을 펴거나 눈에 쌍꺼풀을 만들고 코 나 유방을 교정하기 위해 병원을 찾는 대부 분이 결혼을 전후한 10대 후반 또는 20대 여

몋킮줆

ˎ묻짆핆펊뭂픎

성들 이었으나 요즘은 30대 후반과 40대 여

1992.02.23. 경향신문

성이 절반 가까이 차지하고 있으며 쌍꺼풀 코

‘할리우드에 ‘성형’ 찬반논쟁 ’

광대뼈 등의 수술을 하는 남자미용 성형환자 도 더러끼어 있다.

이번 성형수술 논란에서 가장 주목을 받고 있는 인물은 단연 셰어(45)로 꼽히고 있다. ... 1975.03.13. 경향신문

펻캊맏ˏ

‘예뻐지려다 평생 후회, 미용 성형수술 부작용 많다’

펺핞샎캫짿졓픒샎

예뻐지려다 평생 후회, 미용 성형수술 부작용 많다

캏픊옪맧픎���않큲펞컪핦

이물질 주입에 따른 부작용으로 종합병원을 찾는 사람은 병원에 따라 차이가 있지만 요즘 하루 평균 한명

캫밂펊뭂뫊좉캫밂펊뭂픒 몶않뺂솒옫삲 펊뭂밆핂읊쫂졂핦캫밂 펊뭂픎뮮짿च 폲��� च 옪좉캫밂펊뭂펞찒 퍋च많ힵ픎멑픊옪 빦���빺삲

셰어는 “수술 이후 지금까지 악몽과 같은 세월을 보냈다”면서” 잘못하면 수술 받기 이전보다 훨 씬 더 나쁜 상태로 악화될지도 모르며 이는 순전히 돌팔이 의사들의 잘못”이라고 강한 불만을 터 뜨렸다.

꼴이 되고 이를 치료하기 위해 수술을 받는 사람는 한달에 적어도 3,4명씩 이르는 곳도 있다. 1978.10.21. 동아일보

‘“젊음을 재생합니다” 베티 여사 수술 뒤 美에 성형붐’ 미국에선 지난주 일요판 신문 에 난 전 퍼스트레디 ‘베티 포 드’ 여사의 옛날 얼굴과 현재의

1991.10.13. 경향신문

‘성형외과 전문의 5인이 뽑은 8등신 미녀’ 한국여성에게서는 찾아보기 힘든 서양여성의 미모를 갖춘 미인으로는 황신혜씨가 단연 으뜸으로 추천되었다. 황씨와 마찬가지 경우지만 보다 한국적 미모에 가까운 미인으로는 채시라씨가 추천되었는데, 채씨의 경우 이 마의 봉긋한 곡선과 콧날의 선이 거의 일직선상에 놓여질 만큼 균형 있는 얼굴을 지닌 것이 돋보인다는 평이다.

얼굴이 성형수술 결과 눈에 띄 게 달라진 모습의 사진을 보고 많은 사람들이 성형외과로 몰 려들어 법석댔다. 43


IMAGE CREDITS

REFERENCES

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19. Plastic Surgery Kit, Alibaba.com, pg22 https://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Plastic-Surgery-Kit_50030516254. html

2. 유재덕 교수, 세브란스병원 웹진, 의료원웹진, 2011.10.10, 11pg http://blog.iseverance.com/sev/561

20. 흡입기, 나무위키 모바일 미러, pg22 https://namu.mirror.wiki/m/%EC%88%98%EC%88%A0%EA%B8%B0%EA% B5%AC

3. 1978년 현대아파트, 한국여성건축가협회, 2015.16.13, 11pg http://www.kifaonline.com/modules/board/bd_view. html?id=enjoy&p=1&or=bd_order&al=asc&PHPSESSID=3edbb429dbc1d33680 1cc8233dde9724&no=6&PHPSESSID=3edbb429dbc1d336801cc8233dde9724

21. 메델라석션기, 성형외과의료기기전문몰, pg22 http://www.j1medical.com/html/product_view.php?idx=1474&part_ idx=375&part1_idx=541&part2_idx=375&part3_idx=

4. facing all the same way, REBRN, 2013.04.24, 15pg http://rebrn.com/re/koreas-plastic-surgery-mayhem-is-finally-convergingon-the-same-1021569/

22. Microsurgery Needle Holders, assi, pg22 http://www.accuratesurgical.com/products/microsurgery/category/627needle-holders

5. 1960~2000년대 세대별 '미녀 트로이카' 누구?, 머니투데이, 2009.06.27, 16pg http://news.mt.co.kr/mtview.php?no=2009062513095497208&outlink=1&r ef=

23. 보형물,REUTERS, pg23 http://www.todayonline.com/daily-focus/latest-niptuck-trend-recyclingexcess-fat

6. [bnt포토] AOA 설현 '8개월만에 무대, 너무 설레요', bnt news, 2015.06.22, 16pg http://bntnews.hankyung.com/apps/news?popup=0&nid=04&c1=04&c2=04& c3=00&nkey=201506221545283&mode=sub_view

24. 의료용 톱, the qoo, 무명의 더쿠, 2016.04.24, pg23 http://theqoo.net/index.php?mid=square&filter_mode=normal&document_ srl=249256128

7. '열애중' 수지가 직접 밝힌 연인 이민호와 런던데이트.."따뜻·평범"[종합], OSEN, 2015.03.30, 16pg http://osen.mt.co.kr/article/G1110113919

25. 가슴 보형물 제작과정, 티스토리, 일썅다반사, 2014.03.31, pg23 http://edka1004.tistory.com/933

8. [여자아이돌 비주얼탑]수지vs윤아vs설현, 네이버블로그, MoonRise, 2016.04.25, 16pg http://m.blog.naver.com/poyokej/220693319340 9. Human Anatomy : Muscle Anatomy Human Anatomy Muscles Of The Body Human Anatomy Diagram Muscle Anatomy Chart Muscle Anatomy Diagram Human Body, 17pg http://www.jouefct.com/muscle-anatomy-diagram-human-body/muscleanatomy-human-anatomy-muscles-of-the-body-human-anatomy-diagrammuscle-anatomy-chart/ 10. 유방축소술의 술전 도안, (표준)성형외과학 454pg, 대한성형외과학회, 19pg 11. 엉덩 대전자의 피부지방 절제술, (표준)성형외과학 470pg, 대한성형외과학회, 19pg

HYPER HYPO SEOUL / REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY

26. Bone saw, Sklar, pg23 http://www.sklarcorp.com/plastic-surgery/saws/joseph-bone-saw-7-1-2. html 27. Gigli saw wire, Mindiamart, pg23 https://dir.indiamart.com/impcat/gigli-saw.html 28. 수술도구, 네이버블로그, 미즈라인, 2015.09.24, pg24 http://blog.naver.com/PostView.nhn?blogId=medielite&log No=220490630741 29. 3D cheek, Mirror, Adam Aspinall/Daily Mirror, 2014.03.12, pg24 http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/gallery/3d-cheek-3232364 30. 3D Technology, 3D print.com, Debra Thimmesch, 2015.03.09, pg24 https://3dprint.com/48600/3d-technology-saves-eyesight/

12. 삼박부 피부지방 절제술, (표준)성형외과학 470pg, 대한성형외과학회, 19pg 13. Neck Lift, Julian de silva M.B.B.S, 19pg http://www.londonfacialplasticsurgery.co.uk/neck-lift/ 14. 경피거근 젤제술, (표준)성형외과학 202pg, 대한성형외과학회, 20pg

31. 전동톱, 네이버블로그, 백정환, 2015.12.21, pg24 http://blog.naver.com/ys100ps 32. 보정속옷, 티스토리, 고운세계의원, 2013.04.13, pg24 http://micoba.tistory.com/archive/20130413

15. Mustarde 법, (표준)성형외과학 196pg, 대한성형외과학회, 20pg

33. 흡입기, Slim Korea, pg24 http://slimkorea.net/lipo_machinery

16. 코의 지지구조 재건술, (표준)성형외과학 256pg, 대한성형외과학회, 20pg

34. 주입기, Slim Korea, pg24 http://slimkorea.net/lipo_machinery

17. 비내면 재건술, (표준)성형외과학 256pg, 대한성형외과학회, 20pg 18. 성형의료장비, 루체아성형외과, 21pg http://lucea.co.kr/lucea/intro/machine.php

Seoul National University Graduate School of Environmental Studies Dept. of Landscape Architecture + Graduate Program for Urban Design URBAN TERRAINS LAB / Program Director, Yehre Suh / Investigator, Seung-Ae Han

45

Profile for Yehre Suh / Urban Terrains Lab

REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY : Urban Ecology of the Cosmetic Surgery Tourism in Gangnam  

South Korea has the highest per capita plastic surgery nation in the world and is responsible for 25% of the global plastic surgery market(I...

REPUBLIC OF COSMETIC SURGERY : Urban Ecology of the Cosmetic Surgery Tourism in Gangnam  

South Korea has the highest per capita plastic surgery nation in the world and is responsible for 25% of the global plastic surgery market(I...

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