IAS Annual Review 2022

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Q&AS 24




Cover Image: ‘Zenexton’ by Anna Dumitriu – see pages 14 - 15




KEY STATS 2017-2022

29 workshops Almost


workshop participants (face-to-face and online)

37 fellows from 16 countries The Netherlands



Ukraine Hungary







Iran India

BRAZIL Australia New Zealand


IAS Annual Review 2022


Through this scheme the Institute fosters interdisciplinary collaborations and encourages a flow of international scholars to visit, enjoy their stay at Surrey and leave behind excellent ideas and innovations.




ABOUT THE INSTITUTE Established in 2004, the Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS) at the University of Surrey sponsors workshops and Fellowships at the ‘cutting edge’ of science, engineering, social science and the humanities. Through this scheme the Institute fosters interdisciplinary collaborations and encourages a flow of international scholars to visit, enjoy their stay at Surrey and leave behind excellent ideas and innovations. Over the years our events and Fellowships have resulted in many research grants, new collaborations, journal articles and books, as well as much goodwill from all over the world. The Institute’s Advisory Board advises on the strategy of the Institute and reviews and recommends which bids should be funded in the annual competition. The Institute is a member of the UK Consortium of Institutes of Advanced Studies and the international Consortium of Humanities Centers and Institutes. ias.surrey.ac.uk




Professor Nigel Gilbert

Mirela Dumić

Vicki Blamey

Nigel Gilbert has a Distinguished Chair in Computational Social Science at the University of Surrey. He read for a first degree in Engineering and obtained his doctorate on the sociology of scientific knowledge from the University of Cambridge. His main research interests are processual theories of social phenomena, the development of computational sociology, and the methodology of computer simulation, especially agent-based modelling. As Director of the IAS, he is responsible for its development as a centre for international intellectual interchange.

Mirela is responsible for the overall management of the Institute, including its annual grant competition and the Fellowship scheme. She supports the IAS Director in strategic activities and liaises with the Institute’s Advisory Board, the University’s academic community, external Fellows and similar institutes in the UK and abroad. She is also responsible for the Institute’s publicity and dissemination of outcomes from events and Fellowships.

Vicki provides general administrative support to the Institute with a particular focus on the workshops that run each year following the annual competition. She is the main point of contact for workshop organisers and their administrators, providing support and assistance as required. In addition to her role for the IAS, Vicki is also the Department Administrative Officer and Assistant to Head of Department of Politics.





IAS Annual Review 2022


It is always a pleasure to hear from past Fellows and find out what they have achieved since their visits to Surrey.


methods in physics to study the processes behind antibiotic transport, finding fairer approaches to global taxation, and how AI can be used both to improve diabetes care and to increase our wellbeing in the home.

The last year has been a very busy and exciting one for the Institute. Following a challenging two years during the pandemic, we are delighted to have been able to welcome eight Fellows in-person in 2022, and in this Annual Review we showcase the highlights from these Fellowships.

We are pleased to include accounts in this Annual Review from two Surrey academics about what they believe the IAS brings to the University and their future vision for the Institute – Advisory Board member Professor Jim Al-Khalili and Professor David Sampson, formerly Surrey’s Pro-ViceChancellor, Research & Innovation. Professor Al-Khalili is now stepping down from the Advisory Board while Professor Sampson has recently left the University, so I’d like to take this opportunity to thank them both for the considerable support they have given the IAS over the years.

Two Artist-in-Residence Fellows have brought their distinctive creative perspectives to Surrey and demonstrated new ways of communicating scientific research. Renowned BioArtist Anna Dumitriu made a huge impression with her ‘Entangled Health’ exhibition, in which she has cleverly portrayed aspects of human and animal health research in a series of thoughtprovoking, viscerally-stunning artworks. jR Yancher and his colleagues from California’s Bike City Theatre Company showed the power of collaboration across diverse disciplines during their intensive two-week visit. Using workshops with academics from the Centre for Environment and Sustainability and students from the Guildford School of Acting, they developed a musical which conveys important messages about climate change in a highly engaging way.

It is always a pleasure to hear from past Fellows and find out what they have achieved since their visits to Surrey. In this Annual Review we bring you news from some of our very first Fellows, as well as a round-up of the high profile research papers and books which have been published as a result of more recent Fellowships and workshops.

This year we also welcomed our first Entrepreneur Fellow, specialist IT lawyer Miklos Orban. By sharing his expertise in the impact of technology on the legal profession through a range of activities – including developing a new ‘Technology and Law’ module – his contribution has been transformative for both students and academics.

Looking forward, we anticipate another very productive year in 2023, during which we will welcome 13 Fellows to Surrey – about whom you can read in this Review – and hold seven workshops. I hope you enjoy reading about the Institute’s many activities over the past year and the far-reaching outcomes it continues to bring through networking, knowledge sharing, discussion and collaboration.

2022 saw seven IAS workshops organised at Surrey, each of which has provided a valuable platform for academics, businesses and other stakeholders to take a deep dive into a specific area of research and tackle unmet challenges. This year’s workshops explored topics such as how to apply


Professor Nigel Gilbert IAS Director




The members of the Advisory Board are drawn from those who hold Distinguished Chairs at the University of Surrey and, ex officio, the Associate Deans of Research and Innovation from the three Faculties. The Distinguished Chairs are recognised as leading figures in their fields, and have demonstrated academic excellence at an international

level as well as in professional organisations and committees in their discipline. They have also made major contributions to the leadership of the University. The Institute’s Advisory Board advises on the strategy of the Institute and reviews and recommends which bids should be funded in the annual competition.





Professor of Sociology and Associate Dean, Research and Innovation Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

Reader In Veterinary Virology and Associate Dean, Research and Innovation Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Professor of Ceramic Materials and Associate Dean, Research and Innovation Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences






Professor of Physics and Public Engagement in Science

Professor of Sleep and Physiology

Professor of Linguistics

Professor of Sociology




Professor of Machine Intelligence

Professor of Nutritional Medicine

Professor of Neuroendocrinology


IAS Annual Review 2022


RESEARCH AGAINST THE ODDS Fellows travel from all over the world to come to the IAS – but few will have experienced a journey as difficult as geneticist Dr Yevheniya Sharhorodska who was at her home in Ukraine when war broke out in February. The route towards an IAS Fellowship began for Yevheniya back in 2018, when she took part in a short course on genome-wide association studies co-organised by Dr Marika Kaakinen and Professor Inga Prokopenko of Surrey’s School of Biosciences and Medicine (both then at Imperial College). In her role at the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine’s Institute of Hereditary Pathology, Yevheniya’s research focuses on women’s reproductive health, and she was interested in exploring the shared genetics of women suffering from the devastating issue of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Yevheniya and Marika began to collaborate, applying advanced data analysis techniques developed by Marika and Inga of the Surrey Section of Statistical Multi-Omics to data sets collected by Yevheniya with her colleagues in Ukraine. Yevheniya explains: “Around 50 per cent of miscarriages are unexplained and many women suffering from RPL (classified as two or more miscarriages before 22 weeks) never find out the reasons for their loss.

“If we knew the causes of miscarriage, we could screen people, and we wouldn’t wait for two losses and then begin to investigate. This issue is really important both for the sake of the population as a whole and for women’s psychological health.” The focus for the Fellowship was to investigate the relationship between RPL and metabolic syndrome – which is characterised by symptoms such as obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes – with the aim of conducting a statistical analysis of around 2,000 samples from Ukraine. Having made her first visit to Surrey at the end of 2021, Yevheniya planned to return in June 2022 but, when war broke out in February, she made the difficult decision to bring her next visit forward. This meant leaving behind her husband – who as a man was legally required to stay in the country – as well as her parents and brother. “My city, Lviv, is near to the Polish border so I got in my car and started driving. It took me three days and nights to cross the border control and finally reach my friend in Warsaw,” she remembers.


Our long-term aim

is to give women a genetic risk score for RPL as happens for other illnesses such as Type 2 diabetes. We can then offer lifestyle advice to people who are at the high end of genetic risk.

Dr Yevheniya Sharhorodska

Marika explains: “Our long-term aim is to give women a genetic risk score for RPL as happens for other illnesses such as Type 2 diabetes. We can then offer lifestyle advice to people who are at the high end of genetic risk.”

After a flight to the UK, Yevheniya arrived at Surrey, settled into accommodation on campus, and began work with Marika, Inga and their group. Remaining at the University until the end of July (apart from one visit home) she and the Surrey academics have achieved what they set out to accomplish and presented their findings at two leading conferences: the European Society of Human Genetics Conference in Vienna and European Mathematical Genetics Meeting in Cambridge.

Yevheniya says: “The research we have done would have been impossible in Ukraine where we don’t have the necessary equipment, computer server or knowledge. “I am so grateful to the IAS and the University for giving me the chance to gain so much professional experience and learn new methodologies. Ultimately I’d like to take this knowledge back to Ukraine and establish a new department there, but first there is more for me to learn here.”

Yevheniya has secured another two-year Fellowship at Surrey and hopes that her husband may soon be able to join her in the UK. She and Marika are now broadening the scope of their data analysis to other European populations using Biobanks in the UK, Estonia and Finland.


IAS Annual Review 2022


SINGING THE PRAISES OF SUSTAINABILITY A sustainability-themed musical – the culmination of a two-week workshop led by artist-in-residence j.R. Yancher of Bike City Theatre Company (BCTC) – demonstrated the power of collaboration across very different disciplines.

The musical, aimed at young audiences, succeeded in conveying important messages about climate change in an engaging way using off-beat humour, puppetry skills and catchy songs. It was the result of a successful collaboration between BCTC, Surrey’s Centre for Environment and Sustainability (CES) and the Guildford School of Acting (GSA). Based in California, Bike City specialises in communicating science at grassroots level through theatrical performances to schools and community groups. Host Dr Zoe M Harris, a Senior Lecturer in Environment and Sustainability who describes herself as ‘a split personality between scientist and thespian’, could see the possibilities for disseminating Surrey’s sustainability research



to a broad audience via theatre, and suggested that j.R. apply for the artist-in-residency. Before their two-week visit to Surrey, j.R., colleague Dr Sarah Marsh Krauter and three company members from BCTC undertook extensive preparation work remotely. They began by interviewing 10 members of the CES team – from PhD students to professors – asking them questions about their research, and then workshopped various concepts with GSA students. Along the way, they realised that an existing piece developed for BCTC but shelved due to the pandemic would form the ideal basis for the new musical, incorporating fresh material inspired by Surrey’s research.

Evie Redfern, GSA student j.R. Yancher - Front row, furthest right

your own work rather than appearing in someone else’s and this was a great way for them to learn that.”

On 27 April the piece, ‘Good Earth’, was performed for students, academics and invited young guests to rave reviews. In the musical, climate change issues are seen through the eyes of human Alex and Greg, a friendly alien she meets when his spaceship crash lands on earth. From discovering alternative forms of energy by riding the bus, to learning about the benefits of buying local from the singing fruit they encounter along the way, the two see the miracles all around them and discover how we can protect our planet.

Academics within CES were also exposed to the possibilities of communicating science in nontraditional ways during the visit via an online talk by Sarah Marsh Krauter, while GSA production students got the opportunity to add to their skills by attending a puppetry workshop. There are now plans to take the musical on the road both in the UK and US in the future.

The experience of working with Bike City was a valuable one for GSA students who rose to the challenge of performing, puppet-wrangling, and providing technical support in just two short weeks.

j.R. says: “As we talked to researchers at Surrey, what we realised is that science and theatre are not as different as you would think: we all conduct our research, draw conclusions and do our best to communicate them. Personal connection is a big part of sustainability – you need to engage people in order to make change – so using theatre as a method of disseminating information makes a lot of sense.”

“The students at GSA are incredibly talented and did a fantastic job,” says Zoe. “The process was very organic and they were able to have a voice in developing the piece. Theatre can be about making

AND FROM THE AUDIENCE… I remember the song about eating local vegetables rather than buying them from the supermarket because there’s less packaging. My favourite things were the fantastic humour and the acting. Alex and Greg were brilliant and it was pretty impressive how one actor did lots of the other characters. Eddie, aged 9


IAS Annual Review 2022


Working tech for this collaborative project taught me a lot about the process of creating a piece, especially in an ensemble-style setting, and I learned to sound operate, which was a new experience for me. Bike City created a friendly environment which welcomed innovation and experimentation which is what is required for a sustainable future of theatre.


DR JASON BRAMBURGER Dr Jason Bramburger, a specialist in the analysis of dynamical systems from the University of Washington, was hosted by Dr Naratip Santitissadeekorn (Department of Mathematics). “As a junior researcher in mathematical science, my time as an IAS Fellow has been tremendously beneficial to my career. During my two visits to Guildford I’ve made lasting connections with researchers in Surrey’s data science group which has led to new and exciting research directions that lie at the intersection of our interests.

DR DANIEL AVDIC Dr Daniel Avdic (Monash University, Australia) visited Surrey from April to June 2022, hosted by Dr Giuseppe Moscelli (School of Economics). “My research is focused on the decisions of agents in the health care system and their consequences for the efficiency of health care provision. “As an economist I’m interested in the behaviours of buyers and sellers in different markets, such as the labour market or a commodity market. The market for health care is different from other markets because there are information asymmetries between buyers (patients) and sellers (physicians). One of the topics I analyse is health insurance, where patients may buy more health care than they need because they do not bear the full cost of their health care consumption. I also study how physicians make decisions under uncertainty, such as the adoption, uptake and diffusion of new medical technologies.

Outcomes from my research help policymakers to build social policies that can improve the quality and sustainability of health care systems – for example identifying the optimal size of hospitals, finding ways to reduce rural-urban disparities in access to health care, or ensuring that there is an adequate health care workforce in the future.


“The focus of our initial work, on which we have submitted a paper, was localised pattern formation which can help to explain the emergence of hot spots in the spread of disease. We are now working on the development of a data-driven tool which could enable real-time prediction of disease spread, using Covid-19 data from the Royal College of GPs. “During my Fellowship I also organised an IAS-funded data science workshop which featured talks from highly renowned researchers such as Nathan Kutz from the University of Washington along with early career researchers. This two-day workshop was an overwhelming success: it was a fairly intimate gathering of around 30 people a day which allowed for really fruitful discussion between scientists. “Beyond this, I was able to leverage my time at the IAS to apply for a travel grant from the London Mathematical Society to visit universities around the UK. The talks and research seminars I’ve given at these institutions, and at Surrey, have enabled me to introduce my own research to an international audience. Another highlight has been interacting with PhD students in Surrey’s Maths Department to provide advice and perspective on their research, helping to expose them to other lines of inquiry inspired by my own work. “Even though my Fellowship has come to an end, I feel that I’ve established lasting connections with other researchers that will endure throughout my career.”

The workshop was exhilarating and full of exciting new research advances and trends from several disciplines. It gave me a unique opportunity to meet and discuss research ideas in data-driven modelling with world-class experts. The IAS funding has allowed both experts and students to establish a new connection to exchange research insights in the coming years. Dr Naratip Santitissadeekorn


Professor Ymir Vigfusson (Emory University, USA), visited Surrey in April to May 2022, hosted by Professor Gregory Chockler (Surrey Centre for Cyber Security).

Yuesuo Yang, Professor in Contaminant Hydrogeology at Jilin University, China, was hosted by Dr Bing Guo (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering). “Interdisciplinary collaboration is critical to success in environmental health research, and my Fellowship at Surrey – which included a hybrid workshop on ‘Environmental Biotechnology’ – has laid important foundations for future work in this field. “The objective of the Fellowship was to combine Surrey’s strength in environmental microbiology with my expertise in computational environmental remediation to identify technologies which can be used to treat heavy metal and hydrocarbon contaminations (eg petroleum leakage) in groundwater and soil. “Through close collaboration – including Dr Guo’s supervision of a masters’ student in my group – we have identified bacterial strains with great potential for bioremediation for contaminated soil and groundwater. Our initial research was published in the Journal of Environmental Management in April 2022, with two further papers planned. “Our workshop on 20 July 2022 welcomed academics from Surrey’s Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chemical and Process Engineering, Physics, Microbial Sciences, and the Advanced Technology Institute, along with experts from around the world. The workshop included seminars and roundtable discussions, and raised interesting talking points around nanomaterials, synthetic biology, chemical modelling and AI-assisted process engineering. “Following on from the Fellowship and workshop, we’ve initiated an ‘environmental academic network’ to facilitate future collaboration. We aim to strengthen links between our institutions further through co-supervision of postgraduate students on microbial data analysis and writing, and through UK-China student exchanges at undergraduate and postgraduate level. “Overall the IAS Fellowship has exceeded our expectations and we thank the IAS for the enormous support it has given.”

The IAS fellowship is such a fantastic opportunity that not only supports the research collaboration between Prof Yuesuo Yang and my group, but also catalyses the formation of a cross-school network on the theme of Environmental Technology at University of Surrey and nurtures future UK-China collaborations with Jilin University, with a mutual resolution of tackling environmental challenges in both countries

“Cybercrime accounts for losses of $6 trillion globally a year, but security is not always prioritised in industry because the pay-off is not immediate. I encourage companies to have a hacker mindset to protect themselves – because bad actors only need to find one weakness to gain unauthorised access to their system. “My research focuses on distributed systems and I have become interested in the decentralised notion of trust. At Surrey, I’ve been working with Professor Chockler on analysing the payment protocol Stellar. With this protocol, trust is passed along the supply chain, allowing secure transactions to be made between otherwise unknown and untrusted parties through chains of intermediaries that have trust relationships. Our question was: can we develop a leader election protocol in this ecosystem which allows parties to vote for an organisation to have responsibility for decision-making? “The solution we arrived at seemed almost too simple. For decades we’ve studied the phenomenon of ‘epidemic gossip’: how information spreads between people almost exactly as it would in an epidemic. Each person doesn’t need to know everybody else for information to spread effectively because gossip goes through a network of contacts. We had a Eureka moment when we realised that by considering the trust of these relationships, the same exact principle can be applied to leadership election protocols. We’re now considering the implications of this method and analysing its performance.”

Dr Bing Guo IAS Annual Review 2022




THE ART OF HUMAN-ANIMAL HEALTH A gold amulet that protects the wearer from plague, a carved animal bone impregnated with ancient bovine tuberculosis DNA, an embroidery embodying the theory of quantum biology… works by IAS artist-in-residence Anna Dumitriu encapsulate Surrey’s exciting research in viscerally stunning ways. The idea of One Health – the links between human and animal health – is a distinctive area of Surrey’s research and a focus for academics across the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences (FHMS). Professor Mark Chambers, Head of the Department of Microbial Sciences and a keen amateur artist, researches the interface between bovine tuberculosis in animals and people. Struck with the idea of communicating this in an entirely new way through art, he contacted Anna Dumitriu, a world-renowned British artist who specialises in ‘BioArt’ which explores the relationship between humans, science and ethics often through the use of biological media. The initial idea soon developed into something far more ambitious. Anna’s ‘Entangled Health’ collection is the result of her intensive work with researchers across FHMS into


fascinating topics such as the development of a new plague vaccine, how bacteria can contribute to carbon capture in a kind of ‘living latex’, and finding the ancient DNA of bacteria in bones.

I try to enable people without a science background to think about things from different perspectives. Anyone can understand anything if it’s explained in a way that promotes their understanding. What’s great about art is that people feel they can ask questions. It can break down the barriers. - Anna Dumitriu


Professor Mark Chambers, Head of the Department of Microbial Sciences Anna Dumitriu Anna’s work has a living, visceral, even brutal quality – featuring glowing bacteria and real bones – and draws threads across time from historic superstitions to the latest breakthroughs in medical science. For example, her stunning artwork ‘Zenexton’ is inspired by Paracelsus’s belief in the 16th century that a special amulet worn around the neck would protect the wearer from the plague. While the piece reflects the plague amulets of the past (referencing ingredients such as powdered toads and sapphires which were believed to leach pestilence from the body and turn black), Anna’s contemporary amulet offers more genuine protection. Inside is a recently-developed vaccine against the bacteria that causes the plague, based on the same platform as the Oxford/Astra Zeneca Covid-19 vaccine. She explains: “Early physicians were on the right track in believing that treatments needed to be targeted to specific infections and also that tiny amounts of a bacteria could be effective in treating the disease – ideas that have led to today’s targeted antibiotics and vaccines.”

Anna’s ‘Entangled Health’ exhibition intrigued students and staff. ‘Entangled Health’ was launched on 21 June with a special ‘in conversation’ event in which Anna talked to the scientists whose work has inspired her artworks. The week-long exhibition enabled students and staff from across the University to come and explore the pieces, while from 22 to 23 June this coincided with an IAS workshop on cutting-edge methods for studying intracellular bacterial pathogens co-funded by the Physics of Life network (see page 18 for our report). Anna now has plans to build on the work using seed funding from the National Biofilms Innovation Centre to develop a work about ‘living latex’ which will be showcased at the V&A Museum as part of her ‘Unruly Objects’ project. Mark says: “The Fellowship exceeded all our expectations. For each piece she developed, Anna was in the lab working with scientists to generate the materials that appeared in the artwork – authenticity was very important to her. Working with Anna has got us thinking about fresh ways of inspiring, communicating and showcasing our research to students and the public at large, and I think this is the legacy we have gained.”

Anna in the lab - surrounded by more of her work


IAS Annual Review 2022


Working with Anna has got us thinking about fresh ways of inspiring, communicating and showcasing our research to students and the public at large, and I think this is the legacy we have gained.


ENTREPRENEUR FELLOWSHIP: ‘A TIME TO THINK’ When Surrey’s School of Law wanted to update its curriculum to reflect the impact of new technology, it approached specialist IT lawyer Miklos Orban. Becoming the IAS’s first Entrepreneur Fellow, Miklos’s contribution has been transformative for both students and academics. The rapid pace of technology is having a huge impact on the legal profession, changing the processes and practices used by law firms, and opening up important moral and ethical issues related to automated tools and Artificial Intelligence (AI). To be effective in the workplace, graduate lawyers need an understanding of this emerging area. To develop a new ‘Technology and Law’ module, Elizabeth Williams (School of Law) sought the help of leading legal tech practitioners, both in the UK and overseas, including Miklos Orban – owner of law firm Orban & Perlaki Law in Budapest and founder of a legal tech incubator in central and eastern Europe. Since then, Miklos’s ongoing collaboration with Surrey has brought a valuable business-oriented perspective to the School and its students. The new module was followed by the launch of a popular Law and Technology pathway in 2021, which achieved a 93 per cent student satisfaction score in the latest National Student Survey.


Valuable business-oriented perspective The new Law and Technology pathway, launched in 2021, has proved very popular, achieving a 93 per cent student satisfaction score in the latest National Student Survey.

Miklos Orban

Successfully applying to become the IAS’s first Entrepreneur Fellow, hosted by Professor Veronica Rodriguez-Blanco, Miklos has visited the University four times in 2021-22. During his Fellowship he has organised guest speaker events for students and staff on the future of AI and the changing roles of lawyers, developed two student research projects, and helped set up a new ‘law and technology’ hub which brings academics, practitioners and students together.

Elizabeth says: “Miklos has brought knowledge and experience which we cannot offer and this has really enriched students’ learning. He has given them an insight into the changing world of law and issues such as access to justice and digital exclusion, and encouraged them to think deeply rather than skimming the surface.” The collaboration between Miklos and the School of Law is set to continue, with a summer school planned for summer 2023 which will welcome young lawyers and students from around the world for a week of lectures, seminars and networking.

Miklos explains: “I’ve tried to expose students to the different paths they can take after graduating, so at one speaker event we had someone from private practice doing Animé deals, a general counsel for a major venture capital firm, and a regulatory expert of a major listed company.”

Miklos says: “Surrey’s School of Law is very committed to growing and becoming even better, and I’ve been delighted to be part of the big changes it has made. “As a lawyer your work is driven by the mechanism of charging by the hour. For me, the Fellowship has been a chance to step out of this world for a time to take a slower pace, interact with people from different backgrounds and consider the big questions. It has been a time to think.”

The projects Miklos has run have challenged students to conduct research into the potential unfairness of algorithms based on historical data, which are extensively used in sentencing and parole hearings, and to learn how AI can be employed to measure the complexity of legal language.

Law seminar led by Miklos


IAS Annual Review 2022


As a lawyer your work is driven by the mechanism of charging by the hour. For me, the Fellowship has been a chance to step out of this world for a time to take a slower pace, interact with people from different backgrounds and consider the big questions. It has been a time to think.


THE PROCESSES OF DISEASE Cutting-edge methods in physics for studying intracellular bacterial pathogen interactions with host cells and small molecules (22-23 June)

Talking points

Lead organiser: Dr Youngchan Kim (School of Biosciences and Medicine) Tuberculosis is responsible for around 1.4 million deaths globally a year, and antibiotic resistance has reduced the rate of successful treatment for the disease from 85 to 57 per cent. In order to develop more effective approaches against critical diseases such as tuberculosis, better understanding is needed of how host-intracellular pathogens react within living cells. This hybrid workshop, co-funded by the Physics of Life network, focused on exploring methodologies from physics, chemistry and biology to study the processes behind antibiotic transport. Speakers came from institutes around the world including GSK, Imperial College, University of Southampton, Yale University in the US, University of Cape Town in South Africa, Institute Pasteur in France, Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany, and from Surrey’s School of Biosciences and Medicine and Departments of Physics and Chemistry.

To understand pathogens well enough to develop treatments rationally, we need to overcome difficult technical challenges such as measuring how drugs cross a pathogen’s outer membrane

Further research is needed to understand the transport of small molecules (ie. antibiotics) inside a living cell, and to characterise heterogeneity in host-intracellular pathogen interactions

Understanding and monitoring these interactions requires us to define unmet challenges such as control of pathogen uptake, nutrient exchange between host and pathogen, intracellular trafficking and cell-to-cell spread of bacteria.

OUTCOMES Creation of an international interdisciplinary network aimed at encouraging cross-disciplinary collaborations not only to study the pathogenesis and treatment of global diseases such as tuberculosis, but ultimately to influence related policy in the future.

During the workshop IAS Artist-in-Residence Anna Dumitriu gave a fascinating talk about engaging diverse audiences through art, and participants were among the first to experience ‘Entangled Health’, her exhibition exploring Surrey’s cutting-edge research in human and animal health. To read a full report on Anna’s Fellowship, see pages 14-15.

Delegate feedback

It was really fantastic to have a meeting focused on the overlap of chemistry, physics and biology. I have only been to a couple of in-person conferences but this has been by far the best – specifically in terms of networking and sparking dialogue across different disciplines. Great event which I really enjoyed and gave me a lot of food for thought for future grant/studentship proposals.




NEW APPROACHES TO GLOBAL TAX Fairness in international taxation (23-24 June)

Organisers: Dr Ira Lindsay (School of Law) and Benita Matthew (Surrey Business School) International tax policy has changed dramatically in recent years, with a new focus on ensuring taxation of all corporate income and achieving a fair division of the resulting tax revenue among different nations. In this hybrid workshop, experts in law, tax theory, political philosophy and political theory came together to explore the normative foundations of international tax policy. Bringing a range of global perspectives, 11 speakers over the two days included Adam Kern of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York, Natalia Pushkareva of the University of Urbino and United Nations Development Programme, and Henk Vording of Leiden University (The Netherlands). Some of the key questions they tackled included how to divide tax revenue from multinationals between nations, how to strike a fair balance between combating profiting shifting and respecting national autonomy, and how to tax internationally mobile workers.

Effects on individuals and not nations as a whole could be the correct unit of analysis for evaluation of international tax agreements

It is vital to create a framework that encourages fairness for developing countries – for example through the ‘reverse benefit principle’ under which tax revenues are apportioned according to the benefits they will bring to the recipient nation rather than the value created by the multinational in the jurisdiction

The principle that taxation rights should follow value creation could be viewed as rhetorical cover for nations’ self-interested claims to a greater share of tax revenue at the expense of others

Double-taxation agreements negotiated between powerful developed nations and developing nations with relatively little bargaining power should be regulated

Replacing taxation of corporate profits with a tax levied on corporate revenues could promote efficiency and prevent harmful tax competition

One response to the ‘brain drain’ of high-skilled workers leaving developing countries to work in higher-wage economies could be a mechanism for jurisdictions to collect these migrants’ tax revenue and share it with their country of origin.


Talking points •

An edited volume is planned with Hart Publishing, a leading UK law publisher, which will include seven of the papers presented at the workshop with an additional substantive paper by Dr Lindsay. This will encompass contributions from authors in the UK, Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Canada and Israel. Another paper presented at the workshop has been accepted for publication by the Florida Tax Review, one of the top US tax law journals.

Delegate feedback

The opportunity to have a dialogue with colleagues from outside the US was my reason for attending the workshop. Scholarship regarding equity in international taxation (versus efficiency) has been growing in recent years, and I was excited to have a chance to participate in that important conversation. The workshop was well organised and run. The papers were well chosen and complimented each other, and the discussions were informative and stimulating.


IAS Annual Review 2022



Talking points

(27 June)

Ethical issues around data ownership and lack of availability of large-scale data are roadblocks in adopting AI into diabetes care

Legislation and privacy assurances are needed to enable quick and easy access to data for research purposes

Personalised nutrition by ethnic group is an interesting area for research, but psychological and social considerations must be taken into account to ensure guidelines are achievable at an individual level

The diabetes community must be engaged in the design of AI technologies

The use of psychology in AI is a challenging area which is affected by cultural norms around ‘mental health’ and the difficulty of asking people to self-evaluate their psychological states.

Organiser: Dr Oscar Mendez (Centre for Vision, Speech and Signal Processing) Diabetes causes thousands of deaths in the UK every year and costs the NHS billions of pounds, but Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionise diabetes care. This hybrid workshop brought together experts in diabetes care and AI to explore how AI could be used to solve key challenges in diabetes research and the specific difficulties of deploying AI in the context of diabetes. The workshop talks were preceded by useful ‘crash courses’ on both AI and diabetes to give participants a solid understanding of the complex subject matter, explain confusing jargon and encourage open discussion between the disciplines right from the start. Attendees then heard talks on three themes – healthcare, lifestyle and technology – from speakers who included Dr Chris Sainsbury (Consultant Physician, Diabetes & Endocrinology, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Research Scotland) and Dr Simon Mezgec (Computer Systems Department at the Jožef Stefan Institute, Slovenia). Guided discussions on each theme enabled participants to hear different points of view, brainstorm solutions and forge new connections.

OUTCOMES Creation of a working group of experts in diabetes and AI which will meet quarterly. Planned creation of a diabetes prediction model using AI through a three-way collaboration, due for paper publication in 2023.

Delegate feedback

Great workshop. I had a fantastic time both presenting and then engaging in interesting discussions after the presentation. All the technical aspects of the remote presentations were handled perfectly. Overall the organisation of the workshop was top tier! The workshop brought to light new information related to diabetes, self-management of the condition, research, and sparked ideas on how to use AI to detect and predict significant aspects of the condition in meaningful, usable ways



NG AI VE HEALTH ELLBEING ‘DESIGNING AI FOR HOME WELLBEING’ WORLD CAFÉ (11 July) Organiser: Dr Emily Corrigan-Kavanagh (Centre for Vision, Speech and Signal Processing)

AI has the potential to greatly improve our wellbeing – such as smart mirrors that track our health, interventions that improve our emotional health such as mood-enhancing light and music, and smart fridges that can reduce food waste

Many AI creators work independently, creating silos of research: greater collaboration is needed

AI systems require large quantities of data: incentives will be needed to encourage data sharing between organisations to improve the robustness of data for AI systems

Designers of AI systems for the home need to consider how technology could be used to enact control in this space – either between occupants or in wider society by businesses and government

AI systems will need to be adaptable and responsive to changes in cultural norms, and the ways in which data is gathered and employed.


AI in the home has the power to dramatically improve our physiological and psychological wellbeing. This two-day face-to-face workshop, co-funded by the Surrey People-Centred AI Institute and Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, looked at how applications in areas such as health monitoring and security could help achieve this in the future.

Creation of a collaborative network to encourage research on emerging themes, build evidence and ultimately influence policy. Follow-on World Café style event planned at University of Glasgow in October 2022. Submission of a paper on ‘Designing AI for Home Wellbeing’ to The Design Journal, drawing on the IAS workshop and a similar event run at the biennial Design Research Society conference in June.

The workshop kicked off on day one with a ‘World Café’ style session attended by 16 delegates from academia and industry, bringing a diverse range of experience in machine learning, cognitive robotics and sociallyintelligent technology design. Participants were divided into groups and responded to questions about the barriers and opportunities for designing AI for home wellbeing, coming together for an open ‘harvest session’ discussion which was live captured by a professional graphic recorder. On day two, an AI seminar was held featuring nine speakers who presented research on topics related to AI such as optimising user security in AI-powered smart homes, ethical trade-offs in autonomous systems, and assistive technology for independence and rehabilitation.

Delegate feedback

I would like to strongly advocate that we build on the momentum generated during the workshop… I think we should create concrete opportunities (e.g. networks) for discussions and collaborative effort toward establishing a roadmap for further research on the topic. I am looking forward to supporting you and developing our University of Glasgow research on homes and wellbeing and developing a community of interest with you!


IAS Annual Review 2022


Talking points



WHEN? 12-13 July 2022

WHO? Led by Nishanth Sastry (Department of Computer Science) with colleagues at Surrey and Virginia Tech, USA.

WHY? To bring together the satellite engineering and computer networking communities to explore the network and connectivity challenges presented by mega-constellations.

WHAT HAPPENED? Talks were given by experts from academia and industry – including NASA – on two main themes: Low Earth Orbit satellite applications and challenges, and future space networking. Alongside this, Surrey and Virginia Tech demonstrated a novel transatlantic testbed which will enable new network protocols to be developed and evaluated.

WHAT NEXT? Funding for feasibility studies by the Next Generation Internet Atlantic scheme. Partnerships between Virginia Tech and the Virginia Military Institute, and between students at Virginia Tech and the Wireless@VT research group. Submission of further proposals to build the testbed’s capabilities to enable future scalability and collaboration.





‘Provocation talks’ by David Castlo (Network Rail) and Professor John Beckford.

20-21 July 2022


Key talking points included:

Led by Professor John Beckford (Beckford Consulting), Professor Marios Chryssanthopoulos, Dr Donya Hajializadeh and Dr Boulent Imam (School of Sustainability, Civil and Environmental Engineering), Dr Sotiris Moschoyiannis and Dr Raffaella Guida (School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering). Attendees included transport infrastructure owners and consultants, and academics from the UK and across Europe.

Data collected without clear purpose offers limited actionable information

Data analytics are developed for specific purposes with no clear protocols on validation, reliability and transferability

Model frameworks for data collection and processing that learn and respond over time are needed

Main challenges at asset level include lack of insightful real-time data on asset conditions and lack of consideration of dependence between assets of a particular network

At network level, data to understand the interdependencies within and between networks during normal and extreme events would be very valuable.

WHY? To explore how the value offered by data can be exploited to improve the way infrastructure and assets are managed through the concept of ‘data as services’ in transport networks.

WHAT NEXT? Event has led to establishing a network of research, policy and practice stakeholders for future knowledge exchange and research projects. The conceptual framework on knowledge and practice gaps for achieving value in ‘data for services’ will be further developed and disseminated in the form of a technical publication in an open access medium.


IAS Annual Review 2022




Q&A PROFESSOR JIM AL-KHALILI IAS Advisory Board member Professor Jim Al-Khalili is well-known as a prominent physicist and highly successful broadcaster. We asked him about his vision for the Institute and what he believes it brings to Surrey.

PROFESSOR DAVID SAMPSON What’s the role of the IAS Advisory Board? To assess applications for funding for visiting Fellowships and workshops. What I find most enjoyable is assessing exciting potential outcomes that arise from unexpected synergies and interdisciplinary links. Often I discover the exciting academic work of colleagues in areas far from my own discipline which I wouldn’t otherwise have heard about. The breadth of experience on the Board means we have a balance between people with relevant experience in a particular field on the one hand and those providing objective and independent assessment on the other.

What does the IAS bring to Surrey?

How is the IAS funded? The IAS is funded jointly through Research & Innovation and Surrey’s three Faculties.

What value do you feel the IAS delivers for Surrey? The IAS is great value for money – it delivers an innovative and creative programme of experiences and events every year, covering a wide and diverse range of topics. It also provides a gateway from Surrey to the world and showcases our University on the international stage.

An almost unique opportunity to explore unexpected links between disciplines that enhance our research environment and open new opportunities for collaborations. Both the workshops and Fellowships do this in different ways.

What’s your future vision for the Institute? As Surrey moves towards stronger links between disciplines – particularly through our new pan-University institutes in AI and sustainability – we are seeing a far more fluid exchange of ideas between the sciences, engineering and humanities. The IAS is well placed to help this encouraging mindset to flourish.

What would be lost if there was no IAS at Surrey? I sometimes worry that not enough of our colleagues know about the work of the IAS but the sheer number who do, and who apply for funding, shows how important it is to many. We can look back on many successful collaborative research programmes and initiatives that have led to a range of exciting outcomes – whether that is new research results, technologies or changes in policy. ias.surrey.ac.uk

Professor David Sampson, Surrey’s Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Research & Innovation, left the University in September 2022. The IAS would like to thank David for the enormous contribution he has made to research excellence across the University, and to the IAS in particular. We took the opportunity to catch up with David and find out what the IAS means to Surrey…

How would you like to see the IAS develop in the future? I’d like to see it expand and do still more in bringing the world’s best people to Surrey – to run masterclasses, seminar series, mentor sessions, conferences, and to develop activities in innovation as well as in research. It would be great if the Institute could continue to act as a bridge builder within the university community – across teaching and research and across the researcher spectrum from postgraduate researchers to senior academics.

What would be lost if there was no IAS at Surrey? A fine tradition would be lost – which is why most great universities have a similar institute to provide a structured way to bring people together from without and within. Long may it continue! 24



SUPERNOVA EXPLOSION INVESTIGATED IAS Fellow Zhengwei Liu visited Surrey in early 2020, hosted by Dr Robert Izzard (School of Mathematics & Physics). Despite her second visit being cancelled due to Covid, an ongoing collaboration with former Surrey masters student Chloe McCutcheon resulted in a research paper, ‘Type 1a supernova ejecta – donor interaction: explosion model comparison’, being published by the Royal Astronomical Society in August 2022.

This is a really great example of how these Fellowships work out and lead to wonderful research being done.” Dr Robert Izzard


IAS Annual Review 2022



LAW ON PLASTICS Following the workshop she co-led on ‘Use and Governance of Plastics’ in 2021, Professor Rosalind Malcolm was invited by the United Nations Environment Programme to support negotiations around the drafting of a working document in preparation for an intergovernmental committee in Uruguay in late 2022. These negotiations will lead to the development of an international, legally-binding instrument on plastic pollution, including the marine environment.


“The IAS workshop brought together legal experts on the topic of the governance of plastic pollution at a critical time leading up to the passing of United Nations Environment Assembly resolution 5/14 ‘End plastic pollution: towards an international legally binding instrument’.” – Professor Malcolm

Following the 2021 workshop on ‘Feedback literacy: From education to professional practice’, a special issue of Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education on the topic of teacher feedback literacy has been published. The workshop organisers were guest editors of the issue and, along with their editorial, the issue includes papers by some of the authors who presented at the workshop.



The current challenges to international student mobility will be the topic of a special issue in the journal Higher Education, being guest-edited by Rachel Brooks, Professor of Sociology and Associate Dean, Research and Innovation. The issue will encompass papers from the successful workshop organised by Professor Brooks and colleagues in 2021.

Dr Emily Setty (Department of Sociology) has been commissioned by publisher Palgrave Macmillan to develop an edited collection of chapters from contributors who presented papers at last year’s IAS workshop on ‘Conceptualizing and responding to online harms in youth digital culture’. The edited collection is due to be complete early 2023.




CANCER DURING PREGNANCY Following an IAS workshop on the topic in 2021, academics in the School of Health Sciences are now working with The National Oncology Trainees Collaborative for Healthcare Research to undertake the UK’s first national audit of treatment and outcomes associated with a diagnosis of cancer during pregnancy.

ENHANCING OLDER VOICES A 2021 workshop focused on enhancing the voices of older people with complex care needs, organised by Professor Caroline Nicholson and Dr Richard Green (Health Sciences), has been followed by an impact event for 50 multidisciplinary care professionals, a multimedia impact toolkit to support transformation in older people’s care, and a free-to-use educational film.

The IAS event was really useful and formative for growing our programme of work and activities at Surrey Dr Richard Green

RESEARCH METHODS FOR DIGITAL WORKING A new book Research Methods for Digital Work and Organization – designed as an accessible source of information on the investigation of distributed, multi-modal and mobile work – has been published by Oxford University Press. The publication follows on from a 2017 IAS workshop organised by Professor of Sociology Christine Hine.

A STRATEGY FOR SLEEP The IAS workshop ‘Making Sleep: New agendas for a new public health?’ (July 2021) has led to the publication of a paper comparing sleep quality judgements by host Professor Robert Meadows in the National Library of Medicine. The workshop has also initiated an active network of experts in the field of sleep science, sociology and health, which is contributing to further anticipated outputs.


IAS Annual Review 2022


NEWS FROM OUR ALUMNI FELLOWS Since their introduction in 2016-17, our Fellowships have gone from strength to strength. We contacted some of the first IAS Fellows to ask what they’ve achieved in the years since they visited Surrey… PROFESSOR DUNCAN FORBES (SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY, AUSTRALIA) “The Fellowship was a great opportunity to take my research in a slightly different direction. The main publication resulting from it has been cited over 70 times and, following my visit to Surrey, I successfully won two major grant proposals from the Australian Research Council. I’ve also established the Professoriate at Swinburne University which gives Professors a collective voice when engaging with management on topics relating to teaching, research and University operations.”

PROFESSOR ANNICK MASSELOT (UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY, NEW ZEALAND) “Since 2017 so much has happened! I was promoted to full Professor in 2018. I’ve also continued to build my reputation on research into work-life balance, co-publishing a monograph on ‘Caring responsibility in EU law and policy: who cares?’ in 2020.”

PROFESSOR KRISTEN KNUTSON (NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, USA) “Since the Fellowship my host Professor Malcolm von Schantz and I have published two papers based on UK Biobank data, one of which has had almost 60,000 views and been cited at least 50 times. “I was also awarded a grant to fund an ancillary study to the Baependi Heart Study which has enabled us to more effectively measure the impact of sleep (with other lifestyle factors) on cardiovascular disease. One paper has been published on this research, with others due to follow when data collection – disrupted by the pandemic – is completed.”

PROFESSOR GERAINT LEWIS (UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY) “Since my Fellowship at Surrey I’ve published two books, The Cosmic Revolutionary’s Handbook: or how to beat the Big Bang with Luke Barnes, and Where did the Universe come from, and other cosmic questions with Chris Ferrie, as well as two Nature papers. “I’ve explored dark matter and the life of the Milky Way as a leading member of the Southern Spectroscopic Stream Survey and, in 2021, I was awarded the 2021 Pollock Memorial Lectureship by the Royal Society of New South Wales and David Allen Prize of the Astronomical Society of Australia.”

DR RAMIN JABERI AND DR SOMAYEH BABALOUI (TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, IRAN) “Since our visit to Surrey, we have published research papers in a number of high profile publications including – most recently – 3D in vivo dosimetry of HDR gynecological brachytherapy using micro silica bead TLDs in the Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. Our research has also been presented at leading international conferences including the World Congress of Brachytherapy. “We are currently working on the construction of a prototype of an automatic TLD reader for reading a large number of silica bead TLDs in a short time.”



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NEW FELLOWS 2022-23 FELLOWSHIP FOR EXTERNAL ACADEMICS PROFESSOR MING XU (UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, ANN ARBOR, US) Surrey host: Dr Lirong Liu (Centre for Environment and Sustainability) Fellowship focus: Developing mapping tools to help understand how carbon is generated and flows within the socio-economic system.

DR HANNAH MARY THOMAS (CHRISTIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE VELLORE, INDIA) Surrey host: Professor Philip Evans (Centre for Vision, Speech and Signal Processing) Fellowship focus: Combining research into head and neck cancer in India with expertise in medical imaging to investigate the stability of radiomics biomarkers.

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR SEBASTIAN PFAUTSCH (WESTERN SYDNEY UNIVERSITY, AUSTRALIA) Surrey host: Professor Prashant Kumar (Global Centre for Clean Air Research) Fellowship focus: Engaging schools in STEM education through the Heat-Cool project, which teaches children about the links between heat and climate change impacts in cities through technology-enabled sessions.

DR QIBIN ZHAO (SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY, CHINA) Surrey host: Dr Tan Sui (School of Mechanical Engineering Sciences) Fellowship focus: Exploiting the mechanical and thermal qualities of polymer opals for commercialisation – potentially reducing carbon emissions in building design.

PROFESSOR CIBELE CRISPIM (FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF UBERLÂNDIA, BRAZIL) Surrey host: Professor Debra J Skene (Chronobiology Section, Department of Biochemical Sciences) Fellowship focus: Investigating how the timing of eating could relate to obesity and metabolic disorders and providing insights into dietary guidelines based on this research.

DR RENÉ BROUWER (UNIVERSITY OF UTRECHT, THE NETHERLANDS) Surrey host: Professor Francesco Giglio (School of Law) Fellowship focus: Bringing world-renowned expertise in Hellenistic philosophy and its influence on Roman law to Surrey’s Centre for Law and Philosophy.


IAS Annual Review 2022

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PROFESSOR IVAN JABLONKA (SORBONNE PARIS NORD UNIVERSITY, FRANCE) Surrey host: Dr Constance Bantman (School of Literature and Languages) Fellowship focus: Applying the concept of ‘narrative non-fiction’ – a synthesis between the literary narrative and the rigorous pursuit of evidence-based knowledge – to history and social sciences, focusing on work conducted in the School of Literature and Languages’ Mobilities Research Centre.

DR SANTOSH NANNURU (INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, INDIA) Surrey host: Dr Yunpeng Li (Department of Computer Science) Fellowship focus: Solving current challenges in AI by developing state-of-the-art target tracking algorithms which have applications in autonomous driving, robot navigation and smart home systems.

PROFESSOR GRANT DEVILLY (GRIFFITH UNIVERSITY, AUSTRALIA) Surrey host: Dr Robert Patton (School of Psychology) Fellowship focus: Reducing assaults in Night-time Entertainment Districts through violence prevention and psychological treatments for people with drug and alcohol disorders.

DR OINDRILA GHOSH (DIAMOND HARBOUR WOMEN’S UNIVERSITY, INDIA) Surrey host: Professor Patricia Pulham (School of Literature and Languages) Fellowship focus: Reassessing the impact of Eastern philosophy on Victorian narratives of vivisection and vegetarianism focusing on Thomas Hardy and Edward Carpenter.

PROFESSOR SEBASTIAN SCHLECHT (AALTO UNIVERSITY, FINLAND) Surrey host: Dr Enzo De Sena (Department of Music and Media) Fellowship focus: Exploring how mathematical modelling can be used to improve acoustic simulation of enclosed spaces.

FELLOWSHIP FOR PUBLIC SERVANTS DR ANWAR ALI KHAN (DELHI POLLUTION CONTROL COMMITTEE, GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI, INDIA) Surrey host: Professor Prashant Kumar (Global Centre for Clean Air Research) Fellowship focus: Addressing the acute air quality problem in Indian megacities such as Delhi by identifying modelling tools which understand ‘air shed’ from outside city boundaries.

FELLOWSHIP FOR ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE DR ANNA SCOTT (UNIVERSITY OF LEIDEN, THE NETHERLANDS) Surrey host: Professor Jeremy Barham (Department of Music and Media) Fellowship focus: Revisiting 19th century Austro-German music, its implications and continuing relevance – taking Johannes Brahms as a case study – through performances, discussions and workshops.






IAS Annual Review 2022

UNIVERSITY OF SURREY Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK For more information please contact ias@surrey.ac.uk ias.surrey.ac.uk Twitter: @IAS_SurreyUni