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What does less ice mean for Lake Superior? Find out on B3





UMD student helps research why Minn. moose population is declining BY GRAHAM HAKALA

Moose are an iconic animal of the Northland, and Minnesota is home to many of them. Unfortunately, moose in the state face a big problem: their population has declined by 35 percent in just the last year. Efforts are currently underway to find out what is happening to the moose in Minn., and researchers at UMD are working to solve the problem. “Moose are so important to people here,” said UMD doctoral candidate William Chen, who is currently working on the research project. “People really want to find out what’s going on.” In order to figure out what is causing the moose to die off so quickly, the researchers must study the creatures’ habits. The researchers at UMD have partnered with various wildlife management agencies: the DNR, Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, the Grand rortage Indian Reservation, and others. “What this project is doing is trying to understand why the moose are declining, and if there is anything we can do to alleviate that,” Chen said. In order to study the moose more closely, researchers must do live captures of the animals, and install GPS tracking collars on them. The collars are designed to record and send various bits of data to the researchers, who compile the information. “We hire a helicopter company,” Chen said. “The helicopter spots moose from the air and chases them out from the undergrowth… once they’re out in the open, they dart the moose.” see MOOSE POPULATION, A3


UMD student and doctoral candidate William Chen poses with a tranquilized moose after placing a GPS collar around its neck.

Professor receives large grant to Tutoring Center continue brain-barrier research reaches milestone BY MAEGGIE LICHT

Ten years of research, late nights, early mornings, and $4.4 million of grant money has led UMD Assistant Professor Anika Hartz to where she is today—a McKnight Land-Grant Professorship recipient. “I couldn’t believe it,” Hartz said. “It’s a great honor, and I’m very grateful. It shows that I had great mentors and reflects on working with a great team.” The McKnight Land-Grant provides Hartz with research funds

and what she refers to as “invaluable time.” Her work centers on the blood-brain barrier, a unique tissue in the brain that serves to protect the body’s central nervous system. “I was looking at the blood brain-barrier,” Hartz said. “To protect the brain, the blood vessels that compromise the blood-brain barrier are equipped with special mechanisms that supply the brain with nutrients and keep out toxins.” Currently, she is in the process of unlocking the mysterious relationship of Alzheimer’s disease

and the blood-brain barrier. “I became more interested in seeing whether or not the bloodbrain barrier was involved in disease pathology,” Hartz said. “At the time, there was not much known. I found that in Alzheimer’s, the function of the blood-brain barrier seems to be impaired, and this was also confirmed by another group.” With that critical information discerned, Hartz explained the relationship between Alzheimer’s disease and the blood-brain barrier. see ANIKA HARTZ, A3


Anika Hartz (far left) and her husband/research partner Bjoern Bauer (far right) stand in the lab with their 2012 research team.


As of the first week in February, the UMD Tutoring Center reached a milestone of 300,000 tutorials since it first opened its doors 33 years ago The tutoring program began in 1987 as a small math-tutoring program that was coordinated by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. The Tutoring Center was originally located in the library and moved to its current residence in Solon Campus Center in 1995. Jill Strand, instructor of the tutor training course, has been involved with the tutoring center since 1994 and has seen it grow from a very small student resource to a very large one. She said that while the staff has always hoped it would turn into the resource it is, they didn’t know what would happen when first starting out. “The fact that 300,000 tutorials are provided for free, and that anyone from UMD can come in and get help is amazing,” Strand said. It took the Tutoring Center ten years to reach 100,000 tutorials and only eight years to get from 200,000 tutorials to 300,000. “It has grown, as far as numbers, enormously,” Strand said. “We used to be excited if we would hit 9,000, and that was a huge deal.” Strand reminisced about the Tutoring Center’s early years, and said that it originally started out with 90 tutors per year. Now, there are 120 tutors per semester. “We hope to just keep growing

once we make the move over to the library,” Strand said. “We will have more space and the potential to increase hours.” The Tutoring Center will be moving to the second floor of the library as of next fall. In 1998, Dr. Martha Maxwell from the University of California Berkeley came to UMD to do a multi-day program evaluation of the Tutoring Center. During the evaluation, she conducted interviews with tutors, students, faculty and administrators and did comparisons to other programs in the U.S. In Maxwell’s final report, she named UMD’s Tutoring Center as one of the least expensive programs for its size in the nation. Strand thinks one reason the program is so cost-effective compared to other programs is because the program is credit-based and not paid. She said most programs are solely paid or a combination of paid and credit. “About half of the tutors have used the Tutoring Center themselves at one point, and they come back as a way to give back to the university and to give back to the Tutoring Center,” Strand said. On top of tutors being recommended by faculty from departments, tutors have to complete a semester-long training course for which they receive two credits. The tutors then have the option to go on for three more upper-division tutor practicum credits, for one credit per semester. see TUTORING CENTER, A3

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5 Indifferent to right and wrong 6 How tense words are spoken 7 “Young Frankenstein” seductress 8 Govt. medical research org. 9 Handed out hands 10 Protect from a cyberattack, say 11 Fastening pin 12 Lei Day greetings 13 “Like, wow, man!” 18 __ Gorbachev, last first lady of the USSR 21 String quintet instrument 22 Stack 23 “Kills bugs dead!” spray 24 Family name in “The Grapes of Wrath” 25 Brooks of country music’s Brooks & Dunn 27 Video chat choice 30 Sgt.’s subordinate 32 Sound of a light bulb going on?


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46 Inveigle 48 “Thanks, already did it” 49 Stewed 52 Cruise ship levels 54 Like long emails from old friends 56 “I hate the Moor” speaker 58 Playpen player 59 Pince-__ 60 Scrappy-__ 61 Beatle wife




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UMD plans to build campus grand entrance


An artist’s rendition of what the Woodland Ave. intersection might look like after the installation of an intersection and a stoplight, which would create a pedestrian walkway coming from BlueStone Lofts. BY ANNE KUNKEL CHRISTIANSON

By the start of next school year, students will start to see some major renovations to UMD’s campus, including a grand entrance. The project is something the school has been talking about for years, and after pitching the idea at a city council meeting, UMD is ready to kick off and start working. Although the plans are still in working stages, Facilities Management Director John King hopes that this first step will be the starting point. “Our priority is a main entrance,” said King. This would include a walkway entry into campus, and possibly a bike train as well. The first step, according to King, is installing an intersection and a stoplight in the middle of Woodland Ave. to create a pedestrian walkway coming from Bluestone Lofts—something the city has already approved. He also hopes to eventually decoratively pave the UMD bulldog

into the intersection. But, since Woodland is a state highway, that is something the state would need to approve. King said the development of BlueStone Lofts also helped get the project going. “We’re collaborating and jointly planning with the BlueStone folks,” said King. “The idea is to be working with the same plan, so that, ultimately, we achieve our shared vision.” That vision is to eventually create the grand entrance, as well as large campus markers for each of the other campus entrances on College St. and Saint Marie St. Planners also hope to eventually reconstruct the intersection of Clover St. to lead right to campus. “Well need more time to develop the concept,” said Mike Seymour, Vice Chancellor for Finance and Operations. “But development will probably start on Clover St.” There is even talk of a Dinky Town along the same stretch of BlueStone Lofts. “There’s nothing up here for students,” said Seymour. “This would add some things for them close to

Moose population

Continued from A1

After the moose has been tranquilized, the helicopter crew radios the coordinates to the ground crew, who then rush to where the moose is. “The moose is down; it’s still conscious, but very dozy,” Chen said.”“We take blood samples, hair samples, then we attach a GPS collar on it.” The researchers continue this process until nightfall. According to Chen, they were able to tag 19 moose in two days—which is just one outing into the field. The GPS collars have several purposes. They allow researchers to track the animal and get a feel for its routines. “You can imagine an animal walking along,” said Dr. Ron Moen, one of the leaders of the project at UMD. “We know exactly where it went, what habitats it was using when it was warm and when it was cold.” Moen’s research focuses on the behavioral elements of moose, such as where they seek shelter from the weather, what they are

campus.“ One of the main hopes of these renovations is to hone in the campus community without cutting it off from Duluth completely. “It will create a better floor plan for campus,” said Student Association Legislative Certificate Program Director Kelly Kemper. “When you come to campus, it’s all parking lots and buildings. This will enhance UMD’s community. It will be something students can visually see and think ‘I am on campus.’” Molly Tomfohrde, a member of the Student Association and renovation planning committee member, said the grand entrance will add a distinct mood to the campus. “I think it will improve the overall pride of the campus,” said Tomfohrde. “It could help in recruiting as well.” According to Seymour, there is no total cost estimate for the project yet, but the Facility Management’s budget will be covering most of it. Hay Dobbs Architect firm from Minneapolis has been hired by UMD to lay out the final stages of the plan.

Anika Hartz

Continued from A1

“There is a little protein called amyloid-beta that forms plaque in the brain,” she said. “The more amyloid-beta plaques you have, the more likely you are to develop Alzheimer’s. In Alzheimer’s patients, the process that clears this protein out of the brain is impaired. What I’m excited about is to see if this process can be restored.” Hartz’s journey was an eventful one. After graduating with a pharmacy degree and receiving her pharmacy license to practice in 2002 in her native Germany, Hartz had to decide what she wanted to do with the rest of her life. “I am a pharmacist by training,” she said. “I had to decide if I wanted to work in retail pharmacy or work in a hospital, but neither appealed to me. I decided to work toward my Ph.D.” She came to the U.S. in 2002 with her husband, Professor Bjoern Bauer, who also researches the blood brain-barrier. He started post-doctoral work at Research Triangle Park in North Carolina, where Hartz continued her research as well. In 2007, her husband received an offer from UMD, but the couple was persistent about continuing their research together. “Our condition to UMD was that we keep working as a team,” Bauer said. “We work pretty well and efficiently together.” In fact, she and her husband have the scientific proof to back up their assertion that they’re a good team. “A couple years ago, we were at a personality workshop,” Bauer said. “The outcome was that they’d tell us our personality profiles. It turned out that her personality and my personality fit perfectly together. Now we always tell people that we have the evidence that we work well together.” But when Hartz and her husband first came to UMD, they didn’t know they would be working side by side—literally. “We’re a husband and wife research team,” she said. “It’s very intense. We’re together 24/7.” Even though they weren’t expecting it, the arrangement was

DTA Improves Bus Route As of Monday, March 4. the DTA has made bus route changes. All weekday morning Bus 11M routes have been extended. The bus will now arrive downtown at 6:50 a.m. and 7:50 a.m. The Route 11 bus schedule has also been revised. Bus 11M will now arrive at UMD at 5:50 a.m., 6:50 a.m., 7:50 a.m. and 8:50 a.m. According to the DTA website, these changes have been made to make the routes more convenient to college commuters.

Same-Sex Marriage Bill Last week, a historic bill to legalize same-sex marriage was introduced into Minnesota legislation. Sen. Scott Dibble, DFL-Minneapolis proposed the bill at the capitol on Feb. 27. The bill would allow same-sex marriage, but would also give religious leaders the option to decide if they want to wed same-sex couples. Sen. Branden Petersen, R-Andover, was the first republican to support the bill at the legislation hearing. Nine other states have legalized same-sex marriage. The bill is first in its beginning stage, and will be discussed at the next legislation meeting this Thursday.

successful. “We found we could work together very well,” she said. “My husband has different strengths and weaknesses that complement mine. Working together reduces stress and leads to more resolve. It also helps our students because if one of us is busy traveling, the other is always there.” In addition to Hartz’s passion for science, UMD Ph.D. student Andrea Wolf—who works alongside Hartz and Bauer in the lab— points out her poise as a mentor. “She is not just scientifically a mentor,” Wolf said. “She is a mentor in managing her private life and scientific life so successfully.” Hartz and Bauer have three daughters: Stina, age 4; Lilla, age 2; and 6-month-old Ida. At first, she was nervous at the idea of having children while pursuing her career. “I was worried before I became pregnant, since I knew how much time research takes,” she said. “I thought, ‘How could I take on another job?’ But at one point I told myself not to worry. It felt like jumping in the cold water, but now I can only recommend it.” Though her days are busy, Hartz says choosing to become a mother is the best decision she’s ever made. “Maybe things don’t go the way you wanted to at work, and it’s challenging,” she said. “Then you come home, and the kids challenge you with something else. If they wake up at 3:00 a.m. with a monster in their room, you have to be there. It forces you to become much more organized. I have to be really focused and selective and very aware of my time. Overall, it’s the best thing you can do. It gives you good perspective.” With mornings that start around 6:00 a.m. and nights not ending until midnight or later, Hartz’s work ethic is notable. “It’s incredible,” Bauer said. “She’s tough as nails. I’ve never seen anyone who works as hard as she does. There is no 40-hour workweek for us. The night she gave birth to our second daughter, she was back at the computer doing her work because she had a grant deadline.”

Tutoring Center

Continued from A1

feeding on, and behaviors of cows and calves. The GPS collars attached to the moose send out location data every 20 minutes so that researchers can determine these patterns. They also have a mortality sensor in them that will send a text message to the researchers when the moose dies, allowing teams to quickly get to the location of the dead animal and determine cause of death. As of now, the cause of the rapid decrease in the moose population is still unknown. The researchers are hopeful that the data retrieved from the trackers will shed light on the sissue before it’s too late. “With the current trajectory, moose will be down to very low levels between 2020 to 2025,” said Moen. “But they’ll still be here.” That’s assuming nothing changes. “Moose are a great animal not just to work with, but just to see in the woods,” said Moen. “They’ve got a problem, and we have to work to solve it.”




(Left to right) Jessica Zieman, Bilal Dar and DeAngelo Johnson Jr. receive physics help from tutor Bryant Pearson on March 1. The tutoring center has reached 300,000 tutorials since it began in 1987.

“If you do the math—$20 an hour, that is almost $6 million dollars worth of service that the students have given to other students,” said Tutoring Center coordinator Claudia Martin. Strand thinks the tutors volunteer their service because they realize how much it not only benefits their peers, but themselves as well. “They do it because they see the value in the training and that it does really build their academic skills, communication skills and their self-confidence,” Strand said. “There are just as many benefits for tutors as there are for students— maybe even more.” Senior Alicia Bonebright has worked in the Tutoring Center for two years—both as a tutor and at the front desk. She thinks that the high number of tutorials shows the demand there is for the service. “When we started off, we only had about 100 tutorials a

semester and now we are into the thousands,” Bonebright said. “We usually do over 500 tutorials a week now.” Bonebright stated that when the tutors undergo their training, they are taught how to appeal to all different learning styles, which she thinks is very important because everyone learns differently. “(The Tutoring Center) acts as a resource outside of the teacher for students,” Bonebright said. She also added that it is important that students know it’s okay to ask for help. “As a university, we really want to help students succeed,” Bonebright said. “It feels really good to be a part of helping so many students.” Senior Justin Anderson is also a tutor and is quite astounded by the number of tutorials. “It just shows what a great and large institution this is,” Anderson said. “By moving into the library,

we are increasing our capacity. So the potential is there for increasing our tutorials per semester even more.” Anderson recalled that just last week he saw some students come in for help and had to leave because there was not enough room. “Often times, professors who focus on their research don’t provide the help we do here,” Anderson said. Anderson also mentioned that due to departmental budget cuts, many students aren’t receiving direct help from the departments. “The number of tutorials really demonstrates the scholastic nature of what an undergraduate education should provide,” Anderson said. The next big milestone for the Tutoring Center will be the halfmillion tutorials mark, but Martin is not sure when that will happen.

News Editor / Anne Kunkel Christianson /


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Opinion Editor / Satya Putumbaka /





Fights against Chancellor Black addresses budget crisis rising tuition are misguided It is obvious to everybody in the United States that college tuitions are skyrocketing, and it’s no surprise that college students and their families are raising a fuss. I’d like to point out, however, that the efforts of Minnesota students and politicians are misguided and only address the symptoms and not the cause of the problem. I’m specifically talking about the proposed tuition freezes on Minnesota campuses. The issue of skyrocketing tuition actually begins at a federal level. Without getting too technical on the issue, the fact is that school tuitions are rising because so many people are going to school. The reason so many are going to school is primarily because the federal government is guaranteeing loans for students (through Sallie Mae). This allows universities to raise prices to match the rising demand. For example, the government will provide a loan worth tens of thousands of dollars to attend art school, which in the end rarely provides the means to pay it back. If a private entity were in charge of loan-making, loans like this would never be made and fewer people would be bidding up the price of tuition by attending school. The problem with a tuition freeze is that even though the students of Minnesota universities will have frozen tuitions for a few years, universities are still demanding an increasing amount of tuition dollars. The difference between what the university charges and what the students pay will be covered with state dollars. But after the tuition freeze expires, students will see a large jump in the cost of tuition and prices continue to rise. The underlying problem has not been solved, and state dollars have been wasted. Therefore, if students wish to fight the cause of the problem, they will address the federal government and demand that the student loan business be privatized. As is most often the case, when the government gets involved in things like this, money is wasted and inefficiency is the word of the day. This student loan bubble parallels the recent housing bubble, where the government made loans available for people to buy homes they couldn’t afford under the pretext that “every American should own a home.” Eventually those government institutions—Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac—went bankrupt and untold billions of dollars were wasted. The issue with education is the same; when “everybody deserves an education,” prices rise dramatically, and in the end a lot of people get hurt. Wes Honkomp

UMD is committed to providing academic excellence and a highquality educational experience while keeping tuition within reach for qualified students, regardless of family income. In recent years, state funding for colleges and universities has decreased while reliance on tuition dollars has increased. A seismic shift took place as the state disinvested in education. In 1998, 40 percent of UMD’s budget was funded through tuition dollars. That figure has doubled, and tuition now supports 80 percent of our bottom line. The state-funded portion of our budget is less than 19 percent. UMD is feeling the effects of that dependence on tuition dollars. Our student population decreased about two percent last fall—down 224 new freshman and 33 new transfer students compared to the previous year. That equates to a $2.4 million decrease in revenue. Fortunately, a tuition reserve account was set up in the past to help us deal with year-to-year enrollment fluctuations. We are being proactive to recalibrate our base budget to reflect the current student population. That means making tough decisions on how

to reduce spending while minimizing the impact on students. At the same time, we are instituting a wide range of new recruiting strategies to keep our enrollment strong as the number of Minnesota high school students continues to shrink. UMD is joining University of Minnesota campuses around the state in a budget reallocation exercise of shifting administrative and support funding to direct instruc-

employee benefits. The fringe pool system worked well for many years, but is now in a deficit. UMD has had many faculty and staff members take advantage of the retirement incentive option to extend their fringe benefits after leaving the university. Additionally, a system-wide accounting change in calculating fringe benefits for graduate teaching assistants several years ago did not go into effect at UMD, leading to inad-

UMD has had many faculty and staff members take advantage of the retirement incentive option...

tion and strategic priorities. On our campus, the reallocation target is $1.158 million. Another budget challenge comes with a deficit in UMD’s fringe pool. Fringe benefits include things like health insurance and retirement. At UMD, the cost for staff and faculty fringe benefits are held in a central university account. The current fringe benefit rate for faculty and staff is roughly 35 percent of an annual salary. So if someone makes $40,000 in a year, an additional 35 percent or $14,000 is held in the fringe pool to pay for


equate fringe pool contributions on behalf of graduate teaching assistants. Because of free and/or discounted tuition, the fringe pool contribution for graduate teaching assistants needs to be significantly higher to reflect the actual dollar amount of non-salary benefits extended to this employee group. The bottom line is that funds intended for the graduate teaching assistant fringe benefit pool were used for other campus needs. The good news is that we have identified our budget challenges and have a solid plan in place to

address them. Also, we are getting input from individuals across campus who are using ingenuity and creativity to suggest how we can operate more efficiently and effectively, and minimize the impact that spending cuts may have on students. Students have asked how they can help in this process. One way is to reach out to members of the state legislature and encourage them to support the University of Minnesota’s budget request that will allow UMD to freeze tuition for two years. Gov. Mark Dayton has already put his support behind the budget proposal, and it is now in the hands of the legislature. There was an impressive turnout of students at Support the U Day and Duluth & St. Louis County at the Capitol. I expect that UMD Bulldog Day at the capitol this week will be a success as well. I am optimistic about UMD’s future and remain committed to an open and transparent approach to overcome challenges, to seize opportunities, and to move UMD forward to even greater achievements. Thank you for all that you do to make UMD a leader in higher education. *Lendley Black is the UMD Chancellor.


A documented move from Ottawa to Duluth BY MICHAEL SCOTT

I started at UMD back in September for my first year of grad school. It’s now March and I’m heading back home to Canada for a small vacation. Friends and family are sure to ask, “How’s Duluth? How’s UMD? “ I started to wonder what I would say. The first few months in a new school, in a new country, are always a whirlwind. But, now that I look back, Duluth has been a truly different experience. I have lived abroad before and I have always felt the pangs of homesickness within the first three months of moving. Oddly enough, I haven’t felt homesick, yet. I’m excited to go back home, sure, but something about Duluth has made it so easy to adapt. I realized quickly that it was the people. I’m a fairly pessimistic person, standoffish, and somewhat aloof. When I came to Duluth for my first day, I didn’t know what to expect. New schools are always new schools, no matter how old you are. To my surprise, I was welcomed instantly.

The MAPL program at UMD called me to ask how my trip had been. They showed me around the school. When I arrived for my first day of classes, it seemed like everyone reached out, introduced themselves, and said hello. This feeling of reaching out has continued to this day. When I said that I had been taking the bus from Superior to Duluth, my program put me in touch with other people who were driving from Wisconsin. This little act of kindness gives me an extra hour of sleep. Duluth is a cool place. It’s small enough that you feel a sense of community, but big enough that there’s stuff to do.

The city itself looks like a town in northern England. In fact, Duluth reminds me of Liverpool. Nonetheless, Duluth has brought back memories of growing up in Canada. Before moving here, I was living downtown in Ottawa. I had stopped doing all the winter activities Canada is known for. I guess I thought it would always be available if I wanted to. I never found time to enjoy the outdoors. Moving here, I’ve rediscovered winter activities. I tried to immerse myself in Minnesota culture. Just last weekend, I went tubing and I plan on going again. I’m going to hike when spring comes around. I’m excited to explore Minnesota and recapture a love

of the outdoors. It’s funny that an American city has given me a sense of what Canada is. I don’t miss that much from back home that I can’t find here. Coming from a big city, I guess the one thing I do miss is the endless coffee shops. I used to walk 15 minutes to work and I would pass over a dozen shops. Although I can’t find a coffee shop on every block here, I have found places here that are every bit as “cosmopolitan” as back home. When I’m hanging out at the Red Mug Coffee Shop in Superior, I feel like I’m in downtown Ottawa. Of course, Duluth is a lot like Canada, and that has made it a lot easier. The people are nice, the weather is awful, and you love hockey. It’s an oversimplification, I know, but Duluth, you have been very good to me. You have welcomed me and made me feel a part of your community. It’s been a huge help in adjusting to a new city and a new country *Michael Scott is the International Editor at The Statesman.




Bad candid shots of wild party themes bombard my Twitter newsfeed as I begin my daily routine of checking my Twitter, Facebook and email. Usually after a weekend, the bizarre images surface the web in all its rawness: badquality photos of intoxicated s t u de nt s , and (best of all) blurry, embarrassing pictures of people making out. UMD students have started a Twitter page dedicated solely to photos of people smooching each other. Titled “UMD Makeouts,” the Twitter page has almost 1,000 followers and maybe even more in the future. Taken at parties and bars, people snap pictures of couples deeply into their business and post

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it on Twitter, with the hashtag @UMD_makeouts. It makes for a great laugh if you’re looking for candid shots, but, funny as it seems, the question that on my mind is: “isn’t that inappropriate?” When I first found out about UMD makeouts’ existence, I was most definitely in a bit of shock. But the consensus among people that I’ve talked to is that the site is hilarious and far from offensive. Seeing other fellow peers in these extremely unflattering pictures is fun, especially when it’s someone you know. Even international students found it very interesting because America glamorizes the crazy college life. After getting their input, I felt more light-hearted about the racy pictures. It didn’t seem as bad anymore because the majority regarded it as a comedic act. As pointed out earlier, our culture has come to accept ideas that are not possible in other parts of the world. “At first I felt super weirded out when I saw my picture,” a senior girl said. “But then you just kind of get over it; it’s not a big deal or anything.” Maybe it’s the rebellious nature of our youth, but the idea of promiscuity, which reigns especially in the college part of our lives, has become nothing more than a casual part of our humor. I’m sure the page has no intention of tormenting anyone (most of the people in the pictures remain anonymous). The captions on

EDITORIAL BOARD: Opinion Page Editor___________ SATYA PUTUMBAKA Editor-in-Chief________________ JAMIE MERIDETH

some photos are aimed to be funny—though some are also disturbingly sexual. As explicit as it already seems, we still haven’t crossed the line of exploiting ourselves just yet. A student comments that this would not go on Facebook because that’s where close relatives and family members are. Although the two social networking sites are similar in many ways, Twitter doesn’t have the commitment that Facebook does. Even to this day, I am still having issues with how to use Twitter because it can become overwhelming. The millions of usernames that include who knows how many emoticons can pose an issue when searching for a specific person. Unlike Facebook, Twitter is more restricted when it comes to revealing information if you don’t know what you’re looking for. For something to simply be available on Twitter makes for a huge difference. The page suddenly becomes less formal. It won’t post the picture directly to the person’s wall, thus securing one’s identity. There is still the underlying unspoken rule of: “what happens here stays here.” As crazy as it might get, there are still ground rules to obey, but for the most part: “We like to makeout and we don’t care who knows!” (according to UMD_ makeouts’ Twitter page).

All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification, not to publish. The Statesman reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters should be no more than 300 words in length. Readers may also submit longer guest columns. The Statesman reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication.

Opinion Editor / Satya Putumbaka /













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Sports Editor / Kyle Farris /

Bulldogs blow by Chargers with playoff time looming BY EVAN SMEGAL

The student section Saturday at Amsoil Arena finally got another chance to bring out the brooms and chant “sweep, sweep, sweep” over the weekend—and for only the second time this season—as UMD overpowered AlabamaHuntsville 4-2 and 4-0 in a nonconference match series. Friday’s win was huge a sigh of relief for the club, as they snapped a nine-game winless streak heading into the final week of the regular season. “We’ve been getting better and better, especially the last two weeks, and it was important to get a win and get momentum,” said Cal Decowski, who recorded two assists on Friday. It was the first win for the Bulldogs (12-17-5, 8-13-5 WCHA) since a 3-1 victory over Colorado College on Jan.18. Their last sweep at home came a week earlier against Michigan Tech. See men’s hockey, B2


UMD Bulldog Chris Casto fires a shot through Alabama-Huntsville traffic on March 1, resulting in a goal.


Brigette Lacquette battles for the puck March 1 against Ohio State at Amsoil Arena.

UMD was faced with an uphill battle coming into its quarterfinal series with Ohio State at Amsoil Arena last weekend before the team even took the ice. Injuries continued to rack up for the Bulldogs (14-16-4, 13-13-2 WCHA), as starting goaltender Kayla Black would again be forced to sit out Friday due to a re-aggravated injury. Sophomore defenseman Brigette

Lacquette opened the scoring Friday only 3:38 into play when she put the puck behind Buckeye goaltender Chelsea Knapp on a feed from Zoe Hickel. Ohio State was quick to tie the game up, however, as junior Ally Tarr put one past Bulldog keeper Karissa Grapp, in her second career start, on the power play at 12:29 of the first. The Buckeyes kept the pressure on, and UMD continued its march to the penalty box when Paige Semenza scored a

First-round loss ends forgettable season for Bulldogs BY WILLIAM CASSERLY

The Bulldog men’s basketball team fell at Augustana last Wednesday night 89-81 in the first round of the NSIC tournament. The long drone of the buzzer that filled the stadium after the clock winded down to zero marked not only the end of the game, but also the end of the season for the Bulldogs. An 8-19 record (6-16 NSIC) wasn’t what the club was hoping for this year, but after the game, the teams shook hands and the Bulldogs held their heads up. They had lost, but had reason to be proud of themselves. The Bulldogs had ignited a second-half comeback that displayed energy, fire, and conviction. The Vikings had kept UMD

Baseball Three series into the season, the UMD baseball team is still searching for its first win. Bemidji State saw to that Monday in Minneapolis, dealing the Bulldogs (0-6) a pair of losses at the Metrodome. Senior captain Jordan Smith tossed 7.1 innings of one-run ball in game one, but the Bulldogs ultimately dropped the opener 2-1 in extra innings. UMD held a 6-5 edge after five innings in game two, but the Beaver bats came alive with four runs in the sixth and four more in the seventh to seal the 13-6 win and a sweep of the Bulldogs, who won’t be in action again until the club’s annual Florida swing begins March 16.


UMD women’s gutsy run cut short by Ohio State



down in the first half, holding them to 33 points while racking up 42 of their own. Augustana had taken the lead by exercising impressive 3-point shooting while keeping the Bulldogs to 30-percent shooting in the first half. The Bulldogs came out hot on the offensive end in the second frame, raising their shooting numbers to 48 percent on a 12-13 run from the floor to start the half. Senior guard Jake Hottenstine hit two clutch threes coupled with some key points in the paint from junior center Brett Ervin, who chalked up 24 points on 10-20 shooting. Sophomore guard Reece Zoelle had a night of his own, accumulating a career-high 26 points on 8-15 shooting from the field and 6-9 from downtown. See men’s basketball, B2

second goal on the man advantage to put Ohio State up 2-1. Senior Vanessa Thibault evened the game for the Bulldogs at 8:58 of the second, as she popped in a rebound through a scrum down low from Brienna Gillanders and Lacquette. It started to look like UMD would recover the lead, but Ohio State scored a goal of its own at 17:19 of the second—their third power-play goal of the outing. The Buckeyes would add another goal with an empty net for a 4-2 victory. “I’ve been coaching for 24 years and I have never experienced this much bad luck in regards to injuries in my entire coaching career,” head coach Shannon Miller said. “Today was frustrating because I think half our team was really committed to winning this game and I think the other half have already decided that maybe we can’t win.” Game two was do or die for the Bulldogs. Just when it looked like maybe luck was turning in UMD’s favor with Black being cleared to play Saturday, the team was informed Hickel would be forced to sit with an injury of her own. While the Bulldogs did a much better job staying out of the penalty box, it wasn’t enough to fend off a second loss. Ohio State put two past Black in the first period for a quick 2-0 lead.

The Bulldogs suffered another blow during the second intermission, when Black reported feeling dizzy in the second period and sat out for the remainder of the contest. Grapp would get a second chance in net during the weekend, with her team attempting to make a comeback. For all of their effort, the Bulldogs would be denied any scoring in game two. The Buckeyes would add insult to injury with a third goal at 14:56 of the third and seal their trip to the WCHA semifinals. This marks the first year in team history that UMD will not advance past the first round. Saturday’s game was the last in a Bulldog uniform for the 2013 senior class, and one that ended in an emotional ovation from the fans at Amsoil. “Fans have been great; can’t thank them enough,” senior captain Jessica Wong said. “Coaching staff, can’t thank them enough. Our team, we gelled so well on and off the ice. It was probably the best team I’ve ever been on. We had a lot of ups and downs and we’ve been thrown a lot of curves. We rose above them this year, and some we haven’t. It was a good lesson for us and hopefully the lower classmen learn from it.”

Make it nine straight wins for the UMD softball team. The Bulldogs (10-4) took both games of a twinbill against Southwest Minnesota State last Wednesday by scores of 10-2 and 8-0 to match their season-high nine-game win streak from a year ago. Hurlers Julia Nealer and Cayli Sadler held the Mustangs to just two runs on seven hits over the two-game set, and senior shortstop Kierra Jeffers (who was named the NSIC Player of the Week Tuesday) led the club at the dish, collecting six hits in seven at-bats while driving in five. UMD will take a week off before heading to Florida for a 12-game road trip.

Schedule A look at the week ahead for UMD Athletics. All events are subject to change. Men’s Hockey Nebraska-Omaha Amsoil Arena Friday/Saturday, 7:07 p.m.

Track and field D II Indoor Championships Birmingham, Ala. Friday/Saturday

Tennis Upper Iowa Owatonna, Minn. Saturday, 5 pm.

Alpine ski team embarks for nationals with help from Five Guys BY KYLE FARRIS


(Left to right) Alex Carlberg, Ali Boettcher, Jewels Moes, Sarah Trowbridge and Carly Dabroski of the UMD alpine ski team promote the club’s fundraiser outside of Five Guys on Feb. 24.

Months of training, a bit of good fortune and a side of fries helped earn the UMD men and women’s alpine ski teams a trip to national competition this week in Sun Valley, Idaho. With the benefit of a nationalsqualifying performance at last month’s regionals in Marquette, Mich. and a four-hour fundraiser at Five Guys restaurant at Miller Hill Mall last week, the club was able to send both teams to Idaho—the ninth consecutive year at least one of the squads has represented the university at nationals. “We got back (from regionals) and were like, ‘We’ve got a whole bunch of stuff to figure out because we’ve got a trip See alpine ski team, B2

Sports Editor /Kyle Farris /

Women’s team sent packing by Warriors BY KYLE FARRIS

The five starters for the UMD women’s basketball team mustered 17 collective points last Wednesday in the first round of the NSIC/ Sanford Health Tournament, as the Bulldogs saw their season come to an end at the hands of Winona State. Despite concluding the regular season with three straight victories—seemingly rectifying the struggles that led to eight losses in nine games earlier in the year— the Bulldogs (14-13, 11-11 NSIC) failed to carry their late-season success into the playoffs and fell to the Warriors by double figures for the second time in a month. UMD trailed from the onset Wednesday and tied a season low by connecting on just six attempts STATESMAN ARCHIVES from the floor during the first 20 minutes. Senior guard Courtney Bulldog Taylor Meyer looks for an open teammate to pass to against Doucette led all Bulldog scorers Northern State on Feb. 15. with nine in the first frame and accounted for half of UMD’s made field goals in the half. Warrior advantage in the second UMD’s strong suit all year, and the Winona State came out steady, half, managing to pull within 11 Bulldogs failed to improve upon if unspectacular, on the offensive twice in the opening minutes of their 28-percent season mark from end of the floor, shooting at 44 the frame before Winona State 3-point range against Winona percent in the opening frame. The pulled away for good. A 13-1 War- State, settling for 21 threes while Warriors scored the game’s first six rior run during the middle portion making just four. Meanwhile, the points and built a double-digit lead of the half put 24 points between Warriors, who hit on over 40 perby the 6:12 mark of the first half- the teams, and UMD couldn’t cent of their 3-point attempts on -one that they would own for the knock down enough shots or come the season, made good on 10 of duration of the contest. away with enough stops to put any their 19 shots from deep. The Bulldogs received just seven real dent into the gap. In her final collegiate outing, first-half points from their starting Newman fouled out at the nine- Doucette dropped in a career-high five, compared to 28 for Winona minute mark with five points, her 23 points in 29 minutes of floor State, including three from junior third-lowest output of the year, time, but it was far too little too forward Katrina Newman, who and costly turnovers prevented the late for the Bulldogs, who were averaged over 16 points per game Bulldogs from inching any closer bounced from tournament play during regular season play. than 18 down the stretch, despite with the 74-56 loss. Eleven of the Bulldogs’ 24 points shooting at a much-improved 52 Wednesday also marked the before the break came at the free- percent in the second half. final appearances for Kaiya Sygulla throw line, and if not for the conThe Warriors used balanced and Lindsay Walter in a UMD unisistent production from the char- scoring and a methodical offensive form. The Bulldogs ended their ity stripe, UMD’s hole would likely attack to milk the clock, and on 2012-13 campaign a game above have been deeper than the 38-24 defense forced the Bulldogs to earn .500 overall and 11-11 in the conhalftime margin. their points from the perimeter. ference after starting the season UMD struggled to dip into the Outside shooting had not been with a 10-4 record.

Alpine ski team

of the trip, which required each attending member to come up with nearly $1,200. But that hardly dampened the mood. After all, UMD regularly competes against fully-funded programs, and at one point, the outlook of both teams even qualifying for nationals was bleak. In what senior skier Mary Dougherty called a “miracle,” the women’s team sneaked into nationals with a come-from-behind thirdplace finish at regionals, joining the men’s squad, which also placed third over the two-day meet. Now, both teams have a week to enjoy the national stage in Sun Valley, where nearly 20 UMD skiers will compete in various events. “It’s just a much bigger scale,” Dougherty said. “You get out there and you’re in the mountains, compared to a little bump of a hill here. And then everyone is just so excited to be there.” National competition provides


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Men’s hockey

Continued from B1

Alabama-Huntsville gave UMD everything it could muster in game one. Despite getting outshot 43-27, the Chargers struck with the first goal and remained close for the remainder of the game. However, with 11 seconds remaining in the first period, Tony Cameranesi banged home a rebound off Joe Basaraba’s shot from the high slot to give the Bulldogs the first of three unanswered goals. Early in second, Chris Casto went top shelf over the shoulder of Alabama-Huntsville goaltender John Griggs. Then at the 16:33 mark, UMD made it 3-1 when Decowski centered a pass toward the net that bounced off a couple sticks and deflected right to the backhand of Cody Danberg. The Chargers would draw within one at 83 seconds into the third, but Justin Crandall lit the lamp on the power play to give the Bulldogs a two-goal margin with just a little under 16 minutes left to help the team collect its first win in six weeks. “In the last three or four games we did some good things and hadn’t won,” head coach Scott Sandelin said. “It’s important to get that winning feeling. Give Huntsville credit, they didn’t make it easy.” UMD found the same consistency the next night, as they ham-

mered home another four goals. “We’re starting a new streak and it’s smiles all around,” said goaltender Aaron Crandall, who stopped all 23 shots he saw Saturday for his third career shutout. “We put up eight goals and a lot of quality shots.” The Bulldogs seem to have found some of the offensive firepower they had been lacking throughout the year. They have only yielded 2.53 goals per game this year, which is down nearly one goal from last year’s pace. “I don’t think it’s a question; we have struggled,” senior winger Mike Seidel said. “But we picked it up as a group and made good strides in the past few weeks. We have been working on the little things and we picked up some good wins to get momentum moving into the final week of the season and, eventually, the playoffs.” As the regular season winds to a close, UMD is currently ninth in the WCHA standings and could finish anywhere from eighth to 11th place, depending on the outcomes of this weekend’s series. That means Sandelin’s crew will be taking to the road in the playoffs. UMD will have its final WCHA bout at home against 16th-ranked Nebraska-Omaha Friday and Saturday. The Bulldogs lost both games they played at Omaha back in November.

Men’s basketball

Continued from B1


Continued from B1

coming up in two weeks,’” said club president Benji Neff, whose team arrived in Idaho by car over the weekend. “(We) looked at fundraisers we could do quickly and Five Guys was willing to squeeze us in on such short notice.” An organized school club but not an official university-sanctioned program, the ski team is largely financially self-reliant and often turns to fundraisers to pay for the cost of trips and equipment. Five Guys agreed to allot 10 percent of its profits to the team during the Feb. 24 fundraiser. “Hopefully we can get Five Guys to bring in 10 grand today and we can get a grand,” Neff joked during the event, which was promoted by the club through Facebook announcements and posters around both UMD and the city of Duluth. The fundraiser ultimately collected $200 for the team, putting only a small dent into the cost

the team with a platform to compete against some of the nation’s top university-backed programs and an opportunity to enjoy a season that can be not only physically and mentally demanding, but financially stressful as well. “It’s tough,” coach Luke Dean said. “It’s a big financial burden on all the kids that want to participate because most of it is coming out of their own pocket.” But that’s a burden—along with seemingly all other team commitments—most of the club members appear willing to bear, just so long as the reward is a ticket to nationals. “I was like, ‘I can’t afford it, I can’t miss school,’” Dougherty said. “But then when the time came, and we made it and everyone was so I excited I was like, ‘Aw I have to (go).’ I went once before as an alternate, so this time I finally get to race and really experience it.”

UMD’s Reece Zoelle drives to the hoop against Northern State last month.

These standout performers helped UMD stay within striking distance late into the second half. But Augustana put up highlights of its own. By the game’s end, the Vikings had shot a whopping 61 percent from behind the arc and 50 percent from the floor. Senior star and leading scorer Cameron McCaffrey put up 30 points and broke his school’s all-time scoring record of 1,868 points. McCaffrey thanked his teammates, friends, and family for supporting him after the game. With seven minutes to go in the contest, the Bulldogs charged back to tie the game at 70 apiece. But despite some strong 3-point shooting from the Bulldogs, Augustana’s paint presence proved to be too much. The Vikings shredded UMD with 38 points in the paint, while allowing just 22 from down low. They also managed to score nine more second-chance points and

doubled the Bulldogs’ fast-break scoring to eventually pull away late. Wednesday was the last game for seniors Hottenstine, Dylan Rodriguez, and Erik Powers, who played their last collegiate season with a new coaching staff and system. Others, like Ervin, will look to learn from what has been a challenging year. “Toward the end of the season I think the team made some huge steps,” Ervin said. “Coach Bowen and his staff have done a great job with staying positive with helping us fully understand their system. Next year, I think we can be a huge surprise to everyone. Coach Bowen has some good recruits coming in that could help us right away. Next year will be a fun journey as we try to make UMD basketball a championship program.”



Outdoors Editor / Eric Lemke /






Ice collects around the rocky shore of Lake Superior on March 1. BY ERIC LEMKE

Lake Superior is loosing its ice, and quickly. A study published in the Journal of Climate has found that Lake Superior is sporting 79 percent less ice than it did in 1973, and, overall, ice has decreased by 71 percent on the Great Lakes over the last 40 years. The study measured the amount of ice on the lake, and used satellite pictures and Coast Guard observations that were collected over the last four decades for comparison. Last years unseasonable winter only saw a mere five percent of the lake water freeze over. Compare that to 94 percent in 1979 and an average of 40 percent since records were started in 1973. “There was a significant downward trend in ice coverage from 1973 to the present for all of the lakes, with Lake Ontario having the largest, and lakes Erie and St. Clair having the smallest,” said Jia Wang, the primary author of the study, which was conducted at the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Mich. “The total loss for overall Great Lakes ice coverage is 71 percent, while Lake Superior places second with a 79 percent

loss.” Although there is no smoking gun to indicate why the ice loss is happening, a variety of factors—including a changing global climate—are considered likely causes. Ice loss on Lake Superior can end up contributing to lower lake levels, more lake-effect snow, and higher shoreline erosion rates. The largest and most dramatic result could be an overall increase in lake water temperature. Jay Austin is an associate professor of physics with the UMD’s Large Lakes Observatory, which has conducted research how ice plays into the year-round picture of the lake. “Ice plays a surprisingly big roll at determining conditions throughout the year,” said Austin. “High ice years tend to lead to relatively cooler temperatures on the lakes during the summer. Likewise, years where we have very little ice on the lake tend to lead to much warmer conditions in the summer.” Ice causes sunlight to reflect off its surface instead of being transferred into the lake. Conversely, the exposed dark water soaks up most of the sun’s rays, causing a much larger retention of heat. So, less ice in the winter means more

of the sun’s energy is absorbed, which leads to higher water temperatures. More ice means cooler water temperatures, because more of the sun’s energy is reflected off the lake’s frozen surface. “We are seeing an earlier start of the warm seasons and consequently warmer temperatures throughout the summer,” said Austin. “And the temperature of the lake has a lot to do with what goes on under its surface.” “The temperature is kind of like the master control knob for the lake,” said Austin. Everything from weather patterns to nutrient cycles is controlled by the lake’s temperature. Donn Branstrator is an associate professor of biology with the Large Lakes Observatory and studies zooplankton, an intricate part of the biological food chain in the lake. “Zooplankton’s growth rate relies heavily on temperature,” said Branstrator. “The warmer the temperature, the faster these organisms grow and reproduce.” Although the effects of temperature on zooplankton are well documented, it’s still not completely understood exactly how a larger number of these organisms could play out in the lake. This is, in some ways, the biggest

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challenge the lakes face right now. Although warmer temperatures might offer more favorable conditions to some organisms, others may not be so lucky. “Fish are ectothermic, so a slight increase in temperature may affect their growth rates or their distribution throughout the lake,” said Branstrator. “Biological systems are under such strong influence by temperature. It doesn’t take big swings in temperature to have really major effects on physiology or biochemical cycles.” Many of the causes and outcomes of ice loss on the lake can

only be left up to speculation at this point. The unprecedented change in the lake’s climate in a relatively short time could make it more hospitable to invasive species and could put unforeseen stressors on its natural inhabitants. Austin stressed, however, that the lake is not going to be entirely void of ice anytime soon. “This means we’re going to see fewer years where we get lots of ice and more years where we see less ice,” he said. “It’s a very gentle trend with a huge amount of variability surrounding it.”


A photo taken of Lake Superior in March of 2012 shows very little ice on the lake. 2012 saw very little ice formation due to unseasonable temperatures.



Student Life Editor / Kaitlin Lokowich /



Duluth Art Institute displays the work of past SFA students


UMD grad Brent Erickson installs one of his pieces at the Duluth Art Institute on Feb. 27.


UMD grad Nora Sandstrom’s piece combines outdoor life within modern space.


Brent Erikson’s piece uses repetition and overlapping patterns in the “From the Nest” exhibition. BY MAEGGIE LICHT

Two small birds sat in a nest at UMD. They grew their feathers, opened their eyes, and developed until it was time for them to spread their wings for the first time. Two years ago they flew away from Duluth—one heading south to Florida and the other to the Twin Cities. But this month, those two birds, Brent Erickson and Nora Sandstrom, will head north for the Duluth Art Institute’s exhibition of their work, “From the Nest.” “I was thinking about Brent and Nora spreading their wings and trying out art in new settings,” Duluth Art Institute curator Anne Dugan said. “College art is so nice because you’re exposed to so many ideas and diversity. It can be a challenge once you’re out of school. This exhibit is to see what they’ve kept from the nest.” Erickson and Sandstrom are both recent graduates from the UMD School of Fine Arts. “From the Nest” will feature both artists separately. Erickson works with large-scale drawings and the repetitive form, while Sandstrom weaves together living organisms, such as plants, with metalworking.

“When they were here, I really enjoyed their artistic voices,” Dugan said. “I thought it was a good time to see how their ideas (that they) learned at UMD were doing.” For Erickson, inspiration comes from the people around him in his day-to-day life. “People inspire me—people who make things,” he said. “It doesn’t even need to be art. Working in the food industry, the food (that co-workers) can whip up right in front of me is amazing. The way it becomes easy—I find that pretty interesting and motivating.” Sandstrom draws inspiration from her daily surroundings, as well. “I’m inspired by everyday things and the relationship with the natural world,” Sandstrom said. “It’s like the constant battle between humans and nature. I like the challenge of working with living organisms. You never know how it’ll turn out.” Both artists faced challenges during the exhibit’s journey to fruition. For Erickson, it was a battle from within. “The process was a year and a half long,” he said. “It was an emotional rollercoaster; it was crazy.

There would be long stretches of no communication, and I would be thinking, ‘Wow, I don’t know if I’m ready.’ In the last six months, when the show was confirmed, I would think, ‘Oh man, I’m not sure this is good enough.’ Then the next day, I’d be very excited, and I’d use that.” One challenge Sandstrom faced with this installation was letting someone else assume the role of caregiver. “It’s been hard not having that process of nurturing (the plants),” she said. “I’ve never not been there for it.” Instead, Dugan has been overseeing the caretaker role. “Nora typically does the planting and care herself,” Dugan said. “She’s writing directions from afar. The Duluth Art Institute has been making sure the plants get watered. It’s the nurturing part of art, the constant check-in. You’re tending your creative garden.” Sandstrom says the exhibit can show students that there is life after art school; that there can be success in a challenging job market. “It’s a good example of an artist from UMD working,” Sandstrom said. “It’s great for other students


Artist: Beach Fossils Album: Clash the Truth Recommended Tracks Sleep Apnea, Modern Holiday, Taking Off

Listen if you like Alt- J∆, Grizzly Bear, and The Spinto Band

If you are a Beach Fossils fan, you will find this album mostly adequate. “Clash the Truth” is full of the surfer-vibe guitar riffs and the rhythmic snare and bass that their self-titled album is filled with. However, with that being said, there are some very catchy tracks on their new album. “Sleep Apnea” is one that definitely impressed me as a huge indie-rock and surfer band

to see graduates working and that will hopefully inspire them.” One part of her art education Sandstrom found notable was in her last years at UMD. “Senior seminar classes helped prepare me a lot,” Sandstrom said. “We definitely had to put lots of hours in. They taught us how to work, work ethic, and how to be professional with curators.” With their years of training instilled in them, their work has taken on subtle nuances. Dugan finds the intricacies of both artists’ creations intriguing. “With Nora, it’s the idea of combining natural forms and care with more industrial sides,” she said. “She has maps of Orlando highways, and grass grows through the cracks, as if nature is overtaking man. Brent came back and spent a week in the gallery. His work is drawing-intensive. He projects (a drawing) on the wall and repeats it over and over again.” Erickson really enjoyed his time working in the space. “Once I got into the gallery, it was only work time,” he said. “It was actually pretty meditative. So for the most part, I can just think. It’s somber meditation.” Being the artist up on the wall is

fan. Although it is a slow track, there is a great acoustic guitar riff backed by a strong bass line and steady drum beat along with some filling snare rolls. Dustin Payseur’s slightly monotone vocals are standard, yet radical and unique. The transition from the instrumental “Modern Holiday” to “Taking Off” is smooth and the electric guitar acts as a pick-me-up for the listener. I would say compared to their selftitled album, Clash the Truth does not quite live up to it. Beach

something Sandstrom finds very exciting. “My favorite thing about the show is just being on the other side of the spectrum— having my work shown, having stuff actually up in the show,” Sandstrom said. Though Sandstrom and Erickson have different aesthetics, Dugan said she enjoys the way their work plays off one another and “embraces conflict.” “They have interesting parallels,” Dugan said. “Both in print and drawing there’s a certain amount of play with the monotony of our ‘9 a.m. to 5 p.m.’ There’s almost this busy work to art and the busy work of the ‘9 a.m. to 5 p.m.’ to the career.” The exhibit is available for viewing at the Duluth Art Institute, located in the Duluth Historic Union Depot at 506 W. Michigan St. The gallery celebration will be held March 28 from 5 to 7 p.m. “It’s wonderful,” Dugan said. “The Duluth Art Institute galleries are always free. It’s a great way to think about your own life that brings you out of the box. It’s inspiring for students to see, no matter what field they’re thinking about.”

Fossils had many more memorable tracks in comparison to Clash the Truth. A true fan would appreciate this new album, however I would guess many people would need to warm up to it, as I did. The highlight of this album, that being the most memorable track would definitely be “Sleep Apnea.” This only one track compared to, I would say, three to five memorable tracks on their self-titled album that came out in 2010.

Student Life Editor / Kaitlin Lokowich /



Mentor Duluth creates opportunity for community outreach BY KATIE LOKOWICH

After 75 years of working in the Duluth community, Mentor Duluth is still matching caring adults with children who could benefit from positive role models. Their mission is to assist youth with development into healthy and contributing members of society by offering mentoring programs that foster relationships with positive adult role models. “We offer two programs,” said Cassie Flynn, a Mentor Duluth Program Advocate and mentor. “The main one is our communitybased mentoring program, which, if you think of it like the ‘Big Brothers, Big Sisters’ program, that’s what Mentor Duluth pretty much is.” The program matches adults with kids ages 5-18, who need a little bit of extra support. “They just need another positive role model in their life,” Flynn said. “Mentors are just regular people—you don’t have to be excellent at anything. Some people’s hesitation comes from, ‘Well, what am I going to teach a kid?’ But we don’t expect mentors to have all this wisdom and guidance; they’re a support person and a person to hang out with. Just do fun activities.” Mentor Duluth is a collaborative organization of seven youthserving agencies from across the Northland, all headed by the YMCA. The organization evolved from the “Fatherless Boys Association,” formed in 1938 through the Duluth YMCA. Now, Mentor

Duluth is one of the top mentoring programs in the state. “We’ve got a lot of college students, and we also get a lot of people who are retired and just have a lot more time to volunteer,” Flynn said. The program matches mentors with kids based on similar interests, and each volunteer must fill out a questionnaire about their own interests and what interests they might like their potential mentee match to have. “I think people are afraid they won’t connect with the kid, and that it’s going to be awkward,” Flynn said. “Like they’re not going to know what to talk about. But we do a lot of training for mentors and provide resources for easy activity ideas and ways to help them connect with the kid. That’s why we make matches based on similar interests, so the mentor feels confident.” Mentors must be 18 or older, have some way to transport their mentee, and must be able to commit to being matched for a year and spending 8-12 hours per month with their mentee. “Some people have the wrong thoughts about it,” said Steve Vollhaber, a UMD junior and mentor with the program. “These aren’t necessarily troubled kids; my mentee is just a normal kid. He likes to do normal things and I wasn’t nervous at all. We get along very well and we usually meet up about once a week.” Vollhaber has been matched with his mentee, a 15-year-old boy named Bradley, since August, and plans on remaining involved with

the organization as long as he is in Duluth. “I’ve done other volunteer work, but this is something I was just interested in to make a difference,” Vollhaber said. “I just like to give back a little bit.” Vollhaber was interested in the Big Brothers, Big Sisters program for a while before he came across Mentor Duluth. “I was just looking around online and then somebody referred me to it and I made a couple phone calls, got ahold of them, and started the journey,” he said. Mentors plan their own time with their mentees, whether that is a set day of the week or not. The program allows their volunteers to be flexible with their time. “We usually plan something fun,” Vollhaber said. “But we go spur of the moment sometimes.” Vollhaber admits it is a commitment you have to make sure you have enough time for. “It’s a good balance—a break from other things going on in your life,” Vollhaber said. “It’s just a matter of pursuing it and making some time for it.” The program has over 250 kids waiting for mentors. Some of the kids have been waiting over a year to be matched. “I think college students are great role models,” Flynn said. “Just because one of the big goals and one of the things that mentoring does, is it kind of helps ensure that kids finish school—by helping with their grades and their attendance, just having that extra support person.” College students can help show

their mentees what continuing education after high school would be like, and if that’s the right path for them. “I think sometimes students are hesitant, because it sounds like a really big time commitment,” Flynn said. “But if you think about things that you’re already doing, so if you already are playing basketball once a week, we’ve got tons of boys (for whom) that’s the only thing that they would want to do—they want somebody to play sports with them.” The program doesn’t necessarily ask mentors to add new activities to their lives, but to include the child in the activities they’re already doing—age appropriate, of course. “I want to encourage people not to be afraid of it,” Vollhaber said. “Some people might be hesitant like, ‘Can I handle this?’ But once you get into it, it’s like any other relationship; it just builds up every time you hang out.” The older the kids in the program become, the harder it is to find a match. But college students who are just a few years out of high school are good matches for older mentees, because they know the challenges and struggles of being in high school and many kids find them easier to relate to. “A lot of the kids are just really

hoping for a mentor; they just have been waiting forever,” Vollhaber said. “They just are really hoping to hang out with somebody.” Mentor Duluth is celebrating 75 years in the community by recruiting 75 new volunteers in 75 days. From March 1 to May 14, the program will be recruiting new mentors to join their program. “We just want to raise more awareness,” Flynn said. “Our waiting list has grown a lot in the past few years, and, obviously, we’re always making new matches, but we’re also always enrolling new kids. So that’s why it’s been steadily increasing, not decreasing.” Whether or not they think they would make good mentors, Mentor Duluth encourages all people to get involved, even if by simply suggesting the program to others who would be interested. “It’s just being able to make a difference in somebody else’s life,” Vollhaber said.

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