Track 'n' Trace 6 - Proefhoofdstuk

Page 1

UNIT 3: WHEELS OF STEEL check in Step 1: talking about cars and car parts

er

Step 2: using prepositions of place and movement

fv

Step 3: describing what happened using past tenses

si

e

main track

Pr

oe

summary

trace your steps

on different tracks check out: reporting an accident


CHECK IN Road madness 1

2

Discuss these questions.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a

Do you know what a dash cam is? Why do people have them?

b

Have you ever witnessed a (car) accident? What happened?

Look at the pictures and predict what will (probably/surely/certainly) happen next. Choose one prediction for each picture. Video 1

si

The dash cam car will probably hit the white car on the right which is trying to join the traffi c. The white car on the right could crash into the lorries parked at the right side of the road.

er

lorry

e

What will happen next?

A moped could cross the road. My prediction:

Video 2

fv

oe

What will happen next?

Pr

pedestrians

The white car will certainly crash into the lorry. The black car on the right will probably try to avoid the pedestrians and will drive into a lamp post. My prediction:

Video 3

What will happen next? Maybe a van will overtake the white car and crash into an oncoming lorry. The white car will probably slip, roll over and end up in the ditch.

one hundred and sixteen

The car with the dash cam may change lanes and hit the white car.

116

My prediction:

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL


3

Watch the video to check if your predictions were right. Describe what really happened. Use the correct (past) tense.

listening

Read the situations below. How certain are you that these things will happen to you? Choose 3 situations, write down 3 sentences and then tell a partner about it. buy an electric car buy my first car as soon as I have my driver’s licence go on a road trip by car try to live without a car use my bike or public transport to go to work

Pr

oe

fv

er

si

• • • • •

SPEAKING

e

4

one hundred and seventeen

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

117


MAIN TRACK Step 1

Pimp my ride

Talking about cars and car parts

1 / Find the right car for you 1

Look at these ads for second-hand cars and answer the questions. a Mark the interior and exterior design features in one colour and the safety features in another colour.

c Which car would be your favourite? Why?

cruise control rear park assist black leather sports seats leather steering wheel and gear lever with steering wheel mounted radio/phone controls front fog lights 19’’ tyres and high quality hubcaps knee air bag

Overview

Convertible

60,000 miles

2.2L

Petrol

2 doors

2 seats

oe

2008 (08 reg)

fv

Source: UggBoy

er

ALFA ROMEO SPIDER CONVERTIBLE – £ 9,950

si

e

b Which car would be best suited for: • a family of 4? • a minister with a personal driver? • a small business owner?

Manual

Source: Art Konovalov/Shutterstock.com

Pr

FORD RANGER PICKUP TRUCK – £ 19,995

manual gear box – 6 gears touch-screen colour sat nav (satellite navigation) with voice control 78.5 ft³ boot pedestrian warning collision mitigation braking system extensive first aid kit in glove compartment spare tyre, spanner and jack built-in in boot floor 80 liters petrol tank

Overview one hundred and eighteen

118

UNIT 3:

2017 (17 reg)

Pickup

19,000 miles

3.2L

Manual

Diesel

4 doors

5 seats

W HEELS OF STEEL

READING SPOKEN INTERACTION


Source: Grisha Bruev/Shutterstock.com

MINI COOPER 3-DOOR HATCHBACK – £ 14,980 automatic gear box white roof and mirrors white bonnet stripes white indicator red and white striped seatbelts leather steering wheel front and rear parking distance control speedometer in centre of dashboard manual air conditioning height adjustment on driver’s seat manually adjustable headrests for all seats remote central locking 2 Mini safety vests

Automatic

Diesel

2.0L

3 doors

4 seats

tyre pressure monitoring display spare wheel – full size front side airbags third brake light automatic headlights front fog lamps rear folding seat

oe

fv

Source: Art Konovalov/Shutterstock.com

JEEP WRANGLER 4x4 – £ 25,980

14,463 miles

si

Hatchback

er

2015 (15 reg)

e

Overview

Overview

SUV

16,000 miles

2.8L

Automatic

Diesel

2 doors

4 seats

Pr

2016 (66 reg)

2 back captains’ seats swivel round fuel saving system good tyres roof rails height adjustable driver's seat folding rear seats alloy wheels

Overview 2015 (15 reg)

MPV

Automatic

Diesel

55,000 miles

2.0L

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and nineteen

Source: BoJack/Shutterstock.com

VW CARAVELLE MINIVAN – £ 26,000

119


Source: Art Konovalov/Shutterstock.com

BMW 525d ESTATE – £ 2,800 cruise control electric windows (front) leather electric heated seats xenon headlights very economical diesel engine in immaculate condition

Overview Estate

183,800 miles

2.5L

Automatic

Diesel

5 doors

5 seats

si

NISSAN PRESIDENT 4.5 – £ 16,900

e

2006 (55 reg)

oe

Overview

fv

er

high exterior finish with chrome windscreen wipers and door handles satellite navigation 3x3 point rear seat belts front and back heated seats rear entertainment screen soft closing doors rear electric adjustable seats electric boot

Saloon

Automatic

Petrol

25,000 miles

4.5L 5 seats

Pr

2007 (07 reg)

Did you know?

Imperial system of measurement Lots of people in the UK still use the imperial system of measurement instead of the metric system. Length: 1 inch = 2.54 cm 1 foot = 30.48 cm 1 mile = 1.6 km

one hundred and twenty

In the United States the imperial system is also used. When you get gas in the US (or petrol in the UK), you will see the price per gallon. But careful, there are some difference between the US and the UK imperial system. 1 US gallon = 3.79 l 1 UK gallon = 4.55 l

120

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL


2

Which of the features mentioned in the ads in exercise 1 corresponds with the descriptions below?

READING

1 You don’t really need to put your key in the door’s keyhole to open it. All doors open as you press a button when you’re approaching the car. 2 You don’t have to shift gears manually. 3 There are sensors in the car that indicate with a sound just how far you are from an obstacle. 4 You can choose just how high you want to sit.

6 An on-board computer tells you how you can reach your destination or where exactly you are.

er

si

7

e

5 This option gives the car’s exterior a real racecar look!

Pr

9

oe

fv

8

10 If I need to replace a flat tyre, I need to lift the car with this tool. one hundred and twenty-one

11 To remove the screws from the tyre, I need this tool. 12 Although most cars just run on 4 wheels, a lot of cars have a fifth wheel in the boot, just in case … 13 Space in the dashboard where you keep your sunglasses, paper tissues and your car wash fidelity card. UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

121


3

Combine the models below with the correct name. Choose from the following words. convertible – estate – hatchback – (mini)van – pickup truck – saloon – SUV

e

Write the numbers next to the correct car parts in the list. bonnet

headlight

roof

boot

hubcap

brake light

mirror

bumper

number plate

window

door

petrol tank

windscreen

door handle

rearview mirror

windscreen wiper

indicator

si

tyre

er

4

2

3

4

fv

1

5

6

oe

7

14 15

8

17

16

10

9

Pr

11

12

18

13

5

There are some differences between British and American English when it comes to car vocabulary. Write the British English words for the following American English words: American English

one hundred and twenty-two

122

American English

1 hood

7 license plate

2 trunk

8 windshield

3 station wagen

9 gas tank

4 truck

10 tire

5 transmission

11 turn signal / blinker

6 gear shift

UNIT 3:

British English

W HEELS OF STEEL

British English


6

Look at the list with car items.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Mark 5 essential items in a car. b Discuss them with a classmate. Why do you think these are necessary? c Would you add anything? If so, what and why? air conditioning a (built-in) navigation system central locking cruise control a customizable interior

a personalised number plate a powerful engine safety systems, such as pedestrian warning and collision mitigation a speedometer

Find a car for these people. What type of car do they need? Is there a car in exercise 1 that is ideal for them? Explain your choice to a classmate.

SPEAKING

Name Info

fv

er

si

e

7

a high quality stereo system a large boot leather seats a leather steering wheel parking distance control

Shannon

Wang Wei

businessman 29 years old

student 20 years old

Will use this do her job car to ...

impress the ladies

drive to school

Budget

£ 40,000

£ 5,000

oe

painter-decorator 24 years old

Vincent

£ 20,000

Pr

Shannon:

Vincent:

one hundred and twenty-three

Wang Wei:

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

123


2 / Some alternative methods of transportation READING

Read this text about the fastest car on earth and answer the questions. a Match words from column A with items from column B. A brand price tag top speed acceleration engine size fuel capacity number of gears fuel consumption

A B C D E F G H I

1

3

2

183.7 in/465.5 cm (l) x 77.2 in/196 cm (w) x 44.7 in/113.5 cm (h) 270 mph (= miles per hour) 15.9 mpg (= miles per gallon) 6 1244 HP (= horsepower) 0-60 in 2.5 seconds (nought to 60 in 2 point 5 seconds) above £ 1,000,000 18.5 gallons Hennessey 4

5

6

7

8

si

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

B

9

e

1

Source: cristian ghisla/Shutterstock.com

fv

er

This is currently the world’s fastest car. The Hennessey Venom GT can achieve a top speed of up to 270 mph, which is equivalent to 435km/h. Essentially, no other car in the world has had this maximum speed in the history of the automotive industry, and thus it makes this car the world’s leading, fastest car given that it can also accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in 2.5 seconds. The Hennessey Venom GT is equipped with a 7Ltr LS7 turbocharged twin V8 engine that produces 1244 horsepower. It comes with a price tag of $1,000,000 and above. If you are looking for a car for racing, then you should consider the Hennessey Venom GT.

oe

Source: https://thisbesthoverboard.com

b Make questions so the facts and fi gures in column B are the answers. e.g. size: How big is the car? 1 (speed)

Pr

2 (fuel)

3 (gears)

4 (engine) 5 6 7 8

one hundred and twenty-four

124

2

UNIT 3:

Make groups and play a round of quartets.

W HEELS OF STEEL

SPOKEN INTERACTION


READING

2

4

5

3

6

si

e

1

Source: Manu M Nair/Shutterstock.com

Look at these pictures of ‘alternative’ means of transport. Combine them with the correct Wikipedia descriptions.

Source: Sun_Shine/Shutterstock.com

3

A party bike is a multi-passenger human powered vehicle, often used for staff parties and bachelor or bachelorette parties. They are often available at tourist attractions where they are rented by the hour or day and often serve as a rolling refreshment stand.

B

The Segway PT (originally Segway HT) is a two-wheeled, self-balancing personal transporter by Segway Inc. Invented by Dean Kamen and brought to market in 2001. HT is an initialism for 'human transporter' and PT for 'personal transporter'.

C

A hover board is a self-balancing personal transporter consisting of two motorized wheels connected to a pair of articulated pads on which riders place their feet. The rider controls the speed by leaning forwards or backwards, and direction of travel by twisting the pads.

fv

er

A

E

A horse and carriage refers to a light, simple, two-person carriage of the late 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, usually drawn by one or sometimes by two horses. The wingsuit, first developed in 1994, creates a surface area with fabric between the legs and under the arms. Wingsuits are sometimes referred to as ‘birdman suits’ (after the makers of the first commercially available wingsuit), ‘flying squirrel suits’ (due to their resemblance to the animal), and ‘bat suits’ (due to their resemblance to the animal or perhaps the superhero).

Pr

F

oe

D A rickshaw is a two or three-wheeled passenger cart, which is generally pulled by one man carrying one passenger. Over time, cycle rickshaws and electric rickshaws were invented, and have replaced the original pulled rickshaws.

You will watch a video about the 13 most bizarre vehicles ever made and answer questions about them.

listening

a Combine each of these pictures with the correct model from the video. b Find a partner. Decide who is student A and who is student B. Watch the video again. c Answer the A or B questions on the card your teacher will give you, depending on your role.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

d Talk to your partner so both of you have all the answers. e Sit with another pair of students and compare your answers.

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and twenty-five

4

125


1

2

3

6

5

4

7

e

9

12

fv

10

oe

er

si

8

14

Pr

13

5

Which of the vehicles in exercise 4 seems most practical for you to go to school with? Why? a Name at least 2 advantages and one disadvantage of this vehicle. Advantages

one hundred and twenty-six

126

b Tell a partner about your choice.

UNIT 3:

  W HEELS OF STEEL

Disadvantages

SPEAKING


6

SPEAKING

Design your own dream vehicle. a Preparation: think of all the things you want in your means of transportation. Make a list of at least 5 car parts that should be included. b Action: describe the vehicle to a classmate. Have your classmate draw it. Does it correspond with what you had in mind? Why (not)? c Refl ect on your speaking by fi lling in the checklist. Checklist: describing my dream vehicle

Yes I think so

No

1 Preparation and content • I made a list of all the necessary parts of my dream vehicle. • I clearly described the vehicle's looks and accessories.

e

2 Language • I used linking words to structure what I wanted to say. • I spoke fl uently. • I minded my pronunciation.

You are on holiday in the UK with your friends. You decide to rent a car. a Use your own data or invent data to fi ll in the driving licence.

WRITING

fv

er

7

si

Feedback

1 Surname 2 Name

3 DOB and POB

oe

4a Valid from 4b Valid to 5 Number

UNIT 3:

one hundred and twenty-seven

Source: ricochet64/Shutterstock.com

Pr

7 Signature

W HEELS OF STEEL

127


b Fill in the form below.

FORM Driver’s informa�on Full name (as it appears on licence) Home address (House no + Street) Postal code + city Country

e

Cell phone number Date of birth

si

Driving licence number Expiry date of driving licence

Expiry date of credit card Booking details

er

Credit card number

fv

Car rental pick up on (date) / / at  AM  PM

Car rental drop off on (date) / / at  AM  PM

oe

Type of car  hatchback  saloon  estate  minivan  conver�ble  SUV Transmission  manual  automa�c

How many seats? At least  2  4  5  6  8 Child seat  Yes  No

Pr

Glass sunroof  Yes  No

Leather steering wheel  Yes  No

Heated front seats  Yes  No Spare tyre in boot  Yes  No Built-in naviga�on  Yes  No

Parking distance control  Yes  No First aid kit in glove compartment  Yes  No one hundred and twenty-eight

128

8

You will get a role card. Role play the situation from exercise 7.

CHECK 1, p. XXX

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

SPOKEN INTERACTION


Step 2 1

Hit the road!

Using prepositions of place and movement

Read the information about If I Stay and discuss these questions.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Have you read this book or seen the fi lm? If so, what did you think of it? b If you haven't read the book or seen the fi lm, would you be interested in it? Why (not)? c What are some of the things that Mia will have to deal with, in your opinion?

si

e

If I Stay is a young adult novel by Gayle Forman published in 2009. The story follows 17-year-old Mia Hall as she deals with the aftermath of a car accident involving her family. Mia fi nds herself in a coma and the book follows her life through a series of fl ashbacks. In 2014 it was made into a fi lm starring Chloë Grace Moretz as Mia. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org

2

Read the beginning of If I Stay by Gayle Forman and answer the questions.

READING

er

a Mark the part of the text in which the accident is described. Mark the damages in another colour. b What were the weather conditions like?

fv

c What kind of road are they on?

oe

d What other vehicles were involved in the accident?

Pr

e How many victims are there? Who are they?

f Describe what happened in your own words. g Which sentence best summarizes the damages to the car? There’s a scratch on the bumper. The headlights are busted. The bonnet is dented.

The back of the car is wrecked. The car is total loss / a write-off.

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and twenty-nine

129


1

5

Once the musical selections have been made, we are off. The road has some patches of snow, but mostly it’s just wet. But this is Oregon. The roads are always wet. Mom used to joke that it was when the road was dry that people ran into trouble. “They get cocky, throw caution to the wind, drive like ass**les. The cops have a fi eld day doling out speeding tickets.” I lean my head against the car window, watching the scenery zip by, a tableau of dark green fi r trees dotted with snow, wispy strands of white fog, and heavy gray storm clouds up above. It’s so warm in the car that the windows keep fogging up, and I draw little squiggles in the condensation. When the news is over, we turn to the classical station. I hear the fi rst few bars of Beethoven’s Cello Sonata no. 3, which was the very piece I was supposed to be working on this afternoon. It feels like some kind of cosmic coincidence. I concentrate on the notes, imagining myself playing, feeling grateful for this chance to practice, happy to be in a warm car with my sonata and my family. I close my eyes.

15

You wouldn’t expect the radio to work afterward. But it does.

si

er

fv

And there was so much noise. A symphony of grinding, a chorus of popping, an aria of exploding, and fi nally, the sad clapping of hard metal cutting into soft trees. Then it went quiet, except for this: Beethoven’s Cello Sonata no. 3, still playing. The car radio somehow still is attached to a battery and so Beethoven is broadcasting into the once-again tranquil February morning. At fi rst I fi gure everything is fi ne. For one, I can still hear the Beethoven. Then there’s the fact that I am standing here in a ditch on the side of the road. When I look down, the jean skirt, cardigan sweater, and the black boots I put on this morning all look the same as they did when we left the house.

Pr

25

The car is eviscerated. The impact of a four-ton pickup truck going sixty miles an hour plowing straight into the passenger side had the force of an atom bomb. It tore off the doors, sent the front-side passenger seat through the driver’s-side window. It fl ipped the chassis, bouncing it across the road and ripped the engine apart as if it were no stronger than a spiderweb. It tossed wheels and hubcaps deep into the forest. It ignited bits of the gas tank, so that now tiny fl ames lap at the wet road.

oe

20

e

10

30

I climb up the embankment to get a better look at the car. It isn’t even a car anymore. It’s a metal skeleton, without seats, without passengers. Which means the rest of my family must have been thrown from the car like me. I brush off my hands onto my skirt and walk into the road to fi nd them.

35

one hundred and thirty

130

40

UNIT 3:

I see Dad fi rst. Even from several feet away, I can make out the protrusion of the pipe in his jacket pocket. “Dad,” I call, but as I walk toward him, the pavement grows slick and there are gray chunks of what looks like caulifl ower. I know what I’m seeing right away but it somehow does not immediately connect back to my father. What springs into my mind are those news reports about tornadoes or fi res, how they’ll ravage one house but leave the one next door intact. Pieces of my father’s brain are on the asphalt. But his pipe is in his left breast pocket.

W HEELS OF STEEL


I fi nd Mom next. There’s almost no blood on her, but her lips are already blue and the whites of her eyes are completely red, like a ghoul from a low-budget monster movie. She seems totally unreal. And it is the sight of her looking like some preposterous zombie that sends a hummingbird of panic ricocheting through me.

60

e

I edge closer and now I know that it’s not Teddy lying there. It’s me. The blood from my chest has seeped through my shirt, skirt, and sweater, and is now pooling like paint drops on the virgin snow. One of my legs is askew, the skin and muscle peeled away so that I can see white streaks of bone. My eyes are closed, and my dark brown hair is wet and rusty with blood.

si

55

I run back toward the ditch where I came from and I see a hand sticking out. “Teddy! I’m right here!” I call. “Reach up. I’ll pull you out.” But when I get closer, I see the metal glint of a silver bracelet with tiny cello and guitar charms. Adam gave it to me for my seventeenth birthday. It’s my bracelet. I was wearing it this morning. I look down at my wrist. I’m still wearing it now.

er

50

I need to fi nd Teddy! Where is he? I spin around, suddenly frantic, like the time I lost him for ten minutes at the grocery store. I’d been convinced he’d been kidnapped. Of course, it had turned out that he’d wandered over to inspect the candy aisle. When I found him, I hadn’t been sure whether to hug him or yell at him.

I spin away. This isn’t right. This cannot be happening. We are a family, going on a drive. This isn’t real. I must have fallen asleep in the car. No! Stop. Please stop. Please wake up! I scream into the chilly air. It’s cold. My breath should smoke. It doesn’t. I stare down at my wrist, the one that looks fi ne, untouched by blood and gore, and I pinch as hard as I can. I don’t feel a thing.

oe

I have had nightmares before—falling nightmares, playing-a-cello-recital-withoutknowing-the-music nightmares, breakup-with-Adam nightmares—but I have always been able to command myself to open my eyes, to lift my head from the pillow, to halt the horror movie playing behind my closed lids. I try again. Wake up! I scream. Wake up! Wakeupwakeupwakeup! But I can’t. I don’t. Then I hear something. It’s the music. I can still hear the music. So I concentrate on that. I fi nger the notes of Beethoven’s Cello Sonata no. 3 with my hands, as I often do when I listen to pieces I am working on. Adam calls it “air cello.” He’s always asking me if one day we can play a duet, him on air guitar, me on air cello. askew: not in a straight position “When we’re done, we can thrash our air embankment: a wall of earth or stone built to instruments,” he jokes. “You know you want to.” prevent a river fl ooding an area to eviscerate: to remove the contents of something I play, just focusing on that, until the last bit of to ignite: (cause) to catch fi re life in the car dies, and the music goes with it.

Pr

65

fv

45

75

It isn’t long after that the sirens come.

one hundred and thirty-one

70

Source: If I Stay, Gayle Forman

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

131


3

WRITING

Use the information from the extract and your answers to complete the news report about the accident Mia was in.

[write a headline]

A family of 4

this morning when their car

.

Dennis and Kathleen Hall and their son Theodore (known to them as Teddy)

.

Daughter Mia

.

Police said the accident occurred as

e

Police said the Hall car was

si

Damage to the truck is

4

. . .

er

The driver

.

Listen to these people who describe a car accident they witnessed. Fill in the prepositions you hear. 1 I was driving

the suburbs when a taxi overtook me and hit the car

2 We were driving

town when we noticed a car dangerously overtaking the car

us. Then the driver obviously lost control over his vehicle and he ended up

oe

a lamp post.

fv

me on its left side. Then the taxi drove

going headlong

the grass

the road.

3 I was driving on a straight two-lane road in the countryside when I noticed that the lorry me started to slowly move

Pr

road. Suddenly it was hit was shattered shoulder

a lorry coming

the

the opposite direction. Debris

me, my car started skidding and I ended up

a hard

the road.

4 I was driving a quiet neighbourhood nobody

the middle

our town. There was literally

the road, when all of a sudden a blue car came

the right. It was

obvious that he was going too fast, but I guess I also made a mistake by not giving him rightof-way. 5 I was driving

the bridge and I was

waiting the traffi c lights of this busy junction when all of a sudden there was

one hundred and thirty-two

132

this busy road. I had just driven

this really speedy car coming

the left. First it hit another car

oncoming traffi c, which ended up

the car right

speedy car mounted the kerb and hit the car

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

me.

the

me. The

listening


GRAMMAR

How to say where things are (going)

Preposition of place and movement are used to say where things are or where things are going. Check the Summary if you still experience difficulties using these prepositions. See p. XXX

5

Watch the crashes recorded by the dash cams. Which crash matches which explanation? Not all crashes will match an explanation. Explanation

A

B

C

D

listening

E

Accident Watch the first 5 crashes again and mark the damages that seem most likely to you under each picture. Mark the words that indicate how heavily the vehicles are damaged.

listening

e

6

The car doors of the white car have some scratches on the right. The white car has lost a wheel. The front of the white car is a total loss / write off.

er

si

1

The left side of the nose of the white car is dented. The right side of the white car is heavily damaged. The car that overturned is total loss.

The white car in front has some minor scratches on the left. The trunk of the white car is heavily damaged. The car that caused the accident is a total loss / write off.

4

The orange lorry has lost its wheels. The debris of the white and red lorry is scattered all over. The orange lorry has caught fire and will be completely charred.

5

The car that flipped over is a write off /total loss. The bonnet of the white car is heavily damaged. The car with the dash cam is damaged beyond repair.

UNIT 3:

  W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and thirty-three

oe

Pr

3

fv

2

133


7

Read this report about a car crash in London. a Fill in the right preposition in the text. Choose from the following prepositions: along – at – for – in (3x) – into – next to – on (2x) – past – to (2x)

A car ploughed into 3 boys as they were walking

a party. Flowers have been lain

the scene in West London where the collision happened yesterday evening. The police have arrested a 28-year-old man who was

the car. From the scene Olivia

Kinsley reports. a few minutes this afternoon the police closed the road where the crash happened for friends and family to say goodbye to 3 clearly much loved boys. They were said to have a 16th birthday party just a few hundred metres away when the

e

been walking

si

crash happened.

An eyewitness reports: 'Two minutes, that's when the ambulance arrived and the boys started to unload the ambulance: everything that was in there, first aid kits, everything.

standing

the passenger seat, and had the window down. A boy was

me

er

I was in another car,

the pavement and he was

the phone to – I think

it was his mum or his dad – and he was saying ‘Oh, my friends are dead’, he was crying, he

fv

was like, he couldn’t even speak because he was so upset.'

The car involved was a black Audi A5. The police arrested a 28-year old man, but say

oe

another man was reportedly also

the vehicle.

This is a busy fast moving road. The boys were walking

a bus stop which is

a slight bend. Police markings suggest that the car mounted the kerb, travelled around the pavement and then crashed

a lamp post and a wall.

Pr

60 metres

A security guard who works nearby told us it’s a dangerous road. ‘I mean, people just drive like lunatics, you know. Bad weather, good weather, they don’t care. They take that 60 mile an hour speed limit to the extreme.’ After releasing the balloons, the crowd held a minute silence. This is a time when they will need one another’s support.

b Watch the report to check your answers. 8 one hundred and thirty-four

134

Work with a partner. Look at the picture you get from your teacher. Find the 5 differences with your partner’s picture by asking the right questions.

CHECK 2, p. XXX

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

listening


Step 3 1

I can explain …

Describing what happened using past tenses READING

Combine the pictures of the accidents with the correct comments.

1 I was driving down a quiet street when all of a sudden I saw a group of tourists cross the roads on their Segways.

3 I was riding my moped and suddenly, right in front of me, a pedestrian crossed the road so I had to dodge him and I fell.

I was leaving my friend’s house when I saw my van was on fi re.

2

My friend and I were doing tricks on our quads when the police caught us.

4

e

I was driving on the motorway when I 6 fell asleep and ended up with my car in the wasteland next to the road.

5 I was taking a nap on the street when

si

I heard the screeching brakes of a car.

I was driving in reverse when a motorcycle hit the side of my car. I honestly hadn’t seen it coming.

7 I was crossing a busy road with my

er

bike when a grey hatchback hit me.

8

fv

I was driving my car down a quiet country road 9 when all of a sudden a deer jumped in front of my wheels, so I lost control of my vehicle.

B

oe

A

E

F

H

I

G

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

C

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and thirty-fi ve

Pr

D

C

135


2

Which damages do you see in each picture in exercise 1? A B C D E F G H

3

Look at the sentence below and answer the questions.

si

a Mark the verb forms in the sentence.

e

I

e.g. T erry was parking his brand-new car in front of a noodle shop, when all of a sudden a giant Nike football crashed into his car.

er

b Which 2 tenses are they?

c Do you remember when to use these 2 tenses? Fill in the grammar grid below.

fv

How to talk about past events Tense 1:

GRAMMAR

Tense 2: = longer actions going on in the past.

e.g. A weird object destroyed Terry's new car.

e.g. Terry was enjoying all the features of his new car.

oe

= (shorter or single) completed actions in the past

Pr

Keywords:

Keywords:

Combine the 2 tenses if you want to make clear something happened while you were in the middle of a longer action going on. This longer action was happening

.

e.g. Terry was parking his car in front of the noodle shop, when a giant Nike football crashed into it.

See p. XXX

one hundred and thirty-six

136

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL


Make sentences describing what went wrong. Use past simple and past continuous correctly.

1

2

Gerry (to wait)          for his wife

Grant (to drive)          down a

at the car park when all of a sudden a cactus

muddy road when suddenly his car (to slip)

(to fall)

and he (to end up)

upside down in a ditch.

on his car.

4

er

si

3

e

4

Deidre (to leave)          the car

The Larson family (to spot)

park when she (to turn around)

wildlife from their 4-wheel-drive when

and (to see)

an elephant (to attack)

oe

5

them.

fv

car roll off towards the water.

her

Pr

Mark (to text)          his girlfriend

6

Ben and Aaron (to take)          a picture when all of a sudden the car they

into the entrance of a subway station.

(to work)

on

(to come)

down.

one hundred and thirty-seven

when he accidentaly (to drive)

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

137


5

SPEAKING

The Google Streetview car has been involved in an accident. Team up with a classmate to discuss what happened. a Preparation: look at the photo and prepare by writing down your version (about 50 words) of what happened using the past simple and the past continuous correctly.

e si

Source: Eric Buermeyer/Shutterstock.com

b Action: tell your version to a partner. Use your preparation. Then listen to what your partner says. Do you have the same events?

er

c Reflect on your writing and speaking by filling in the checklist. Checklist: describing an accident

Yes I think so

No

oe

fv

1 Preparation: writing • I wrote about 50 words. • Whoever reads my text can understand what I wrote and can imagine what the accident was like. • I used the correct vocabulary. • I used the correct prepositions. • I used the past simple and continuous correctly.

2 Action: speaking • My partner can understand what I said and can imagine what the accident was like. • I minded my pronunciation.

Pr

Feedback

6

Fill out an accident report form. a Preparation: look at this preliminary accident report. A report like this is filled in at the agency where you rented a car, moped or other motor vehicle. • Team up with a classmate and decide on who will be student A and student B. • You will each watch a different accident.

one hundred and thirty-eight

b Action: • Fill out the form with information from the video that you watched. • Use the information from the form and these prompts to describe the accident to your partner.

138

For student A: to accelerate – to show off – to skid For student B: to accelerate – a lamp post – a roundabout – to show off

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

listening

WRITING SPOKEN INTERACTION


AUTO ACCIDENT FORM Driver’s Name: DOB: Last Name,

First Name

MI

M/D/Y

er

si

e

SSN: - - Driver’s License No. State: Your Department: Address: Telephone Number, where you may be reached: Office Home Rental Vehicle:  Yes  No If, yes, Rental Company / Agency: Vehicle Identification Number: Lic Plate Number: Year: Make: Model: Description of Injuries, if any: Damages to Your Vehicle: Were Police/DPS Notified  Yes  No Were Pictures Taken  Yes  No If yes, Officer’s Name: Report of File Number: Date of Accident: LOCATION OF ACCIDENT: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OTHER PERSON(S) INVOLVED Name: DOB: Address: Driver’s License Number: How may we contact you:  Work  Home  Other: VEHICLE INVOLVED Vehicle Identification Number: Lic Plate Number: Year: Make: Model: Insurance Carrier: Policy Number: Description of Injuries, if any: Damages to Your Vehicle:

oe

fv

NARRATIVE REPORT / SUMMARY OF ACCIDENT:

c Your partner will check the form the secretary at the rental agency fi lled out. What information did the secretary write down wrong? d Finally, refl ect on your writing and speaking by fi lling in this checklist.

Pr

Checklist: describing an accident

Yes I think so

No

1 Writing: filling out a form • I fi lled out all the required data. • I described the accident accurately. • I used the correct vocabulary. • I used the correct prepositions. • I used the past simple and continuous correctly.

one hundred and thirty-nine

2 Spoken interaction: describing an accident • I described the accident accurately. • I repeated the information when necessary. • I asked good questions. • I minded my pronunciation. Feedback

CHECK 3, p. XXX UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

139


GRAMMAR

SUMMARY HOW TO say where things are (going) Prepositions of place and movement 1 Prepositions of place USE

below under

next to beside by

to the left of on the left

behind

er

above

si

e

To say where things are.

between

inside

near

on on top of

among

opposite

against

oe

fv

to the right of on the right

Pr

in

outside

one hundred and forty

140

UNIT 3:

  W HEELS OF STEEL

in front of


2 Prepositions of movement USE To show movement from one place to another.

along

down

from ... to ...

out of

oe

fv

over

off

towards

past

up

one hundred and forty-one

Pr

through

onto

er

into

si

e

across

UNIT 3:

  W HEELS OF STEEL

141


HOW TO talk about past events

Past simple and past continuous

1 Past simple

er

si

e

I was driving down the street when all of a sudden that tree hit my car.

FORM

Positive (+)*

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

1st p. sing.

I crashed.

I didn’t crash.

Did I crash?

2nd p. sing.

You crashed.

You didn’t crash.

Did you crash?

3rd p. sing.

He/She crashed.

He/She didn’t crash.

Did he/she crash?

1st p. plur.

We crashed.

We didn’t crash.

Did we crash?

2nd p. plur.

You crashed.

You didn’t crash.

Did you crash?

3rd p. plur.

They crashed.

They didn’t crash.

Did they crash?

Rule:

Subject + base form of the verb + (e)d

Subject + didn’t / did not + base form of the verb

Did + subject + base form of the verb?

Pr

oe

fv

Subject

* Irregular verbs: Mind the irregular verbs in the positive form. You have to learn them by heart (see

one hundred and forty-two

142

Keep in mind: – Mind the spelling of regular verbs like ‘try’ (tried), ‘stop’ (stopped), ‘arrive’ (arrived), ‘travel’ (travelled) in the positive form. – In the negative, the auxiliary can have a long or short form: e.g. He didn’t visit = He did not visit. – 'To be' is a special verb: there is no ‘did (not)’ for negative sentences and questions. e.g. The car wasn't new. e.g. Were you happy with the service you received? USE ( Shorter or single) completed actions in the past. e.g. He crashed his car in January 2017.

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

).


2 Past continuous FORM Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

1st p. sing.

I was texting.

I wasn’t texting.

Was I texting?

2nd p. sing.

You were texting.

You weren’t texting.

Were you texting?

3rd p. sing.

He was texting.

It wasn’t texting.

Was it texting?

1st p. plur.

We were texting.

We weren’t texting.

Were we texting?

2nd p. plur.

You were texting.

You weren’t texting.

Were you texting?

3rd p. plur.

They were texting.

They weren’t texting.

Were they texting?

Rule:

Subject + was/were + ing-form of the verb

Subject + wasn’t (was not) / weren’t (were not) + ing-form of the verb

Was/were + subject + ing-form of the verb

e

Subject

USE

si

– Longer actions going on in the past. – When we talk about 2 (past) actions that were happening at the same time.

er

Keywords: 'while' + past continuous e.g. Mark was driving while his girlfriend was reading a book in the backseat.

fv

'when' + past simple e.g. Mark was checking his messages when a deer hit the car.

oe

3 Past simple and past continuous

USE

Combine the 2 tenses when an action that takes longer (past continuous) is interrupted by another action (past simple).

Past

was driving past continuous

hit past simple

Now

Future

one hundred and forty-three

Pr

e.g. I was driving down the street when all of a sudden that tree hit my car.

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

143


hatchback

convertible

saloon

pickup truck

estate

minivan

er

si

SUV

e

VOCABULARY

1 TYPES OF VEHICLES

bicycle

moped

oe

fv

motorbike

van

vrachtwagen

Pr

bestelwagen

lorry / truck

party bike

one hundred and forty-four

144

rickshaw

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

elektrische wagen

Segway

electric car

hover board

horse and carriage

wingsuit


VOCABULARY

2  CAR PARTS OUTSIDE VIEW window

headlight

brake light

tyre

boot

door

bonnet

indicator

mirror

door handle

bumper

hubcap

number plate

fv

si

roof

windscreen

er

windscreen wiper

rearview mirror

e

petrol tank

oe

INSIDE VIEW

rearview mirror

Pr

steering wheel

horn

speedometer

dashboard

clutch

glove compartment

gear lever one hundred and forty-five

brake

accelerator

handbrake

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

145


Source: Offcaania/Shutterstock.com

Source: Bignai/Shutterstock.com

VOCABULARY

3  ON THE ROAD

motorway

hard shoulder

si

e

ditch

junction

lamp post

Translation

CAR FEATURES

regelbaar

oe

adjustable alloy

fv

4  OTHER WORDS Word

er

lichtmetalen

automatic transmission

automatische versnelling

back seat

achterbank

(remote) central locking system

centrale vergrendeling (met afstandsbediening)

customizable

aanpasbaar

dash cam

dashcam, camera op het dashboard

economical

zuinig

engine

motor

fog light

mistlicht

foldable

vouwbaar

front seat

voorzetel

fuel efficient

energiezuinig

heated seats

verwarmde zetels

immaculate

onberispelijk

manual transmission

manuele versnelling

number/licence plate

nummerplaat

Pr one hundred and forty-six

146

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

kerb

Your notes


gepersonaliseerd

powerful

krachtig

sat nav / navigation system

gps

with voice control / voice controlled

met spraakbediening

VOCABULARY

personalized

aanrijding

collision mitigation braking system

automatisch remsysteem om aanrijdingen te voorkomen

first aid kit

EHBO-kit

front and rear parking distance control

parkeersensoren

jack

krik

pedestrian warning system

systeem dat de chauffeur waarschuwt voor voetgangers

safety vest

veiligheidshesje

seat belt

veiligheidsgordel

spanner

schroevendraaier

spare tyre

reservewiel

tyre pressure

bandenspanning

er

si

collision

e

SAFETY FEATURES

ACTIONS, ACCIDENTS AND DAMAGES

iets vermijden

to be charred

verbrand/verkoold zijn

to be damaged

beschadigd zijn

to be dented to be run over by a car

ingedeukt zijn

overreden worden

verspreid liggen

oe

to be scattered

fv

to avoid something

total loss zijn

to brake

remmen

to catch fire

vuur vatten

to change lanes

van rijstrook veranderen

to cross the road

de weg kruisen

debris

brokstukken

to dive in headlong

kopvoor ergens inrijden

to dodge

uitwijken

to drive/crash into something

ergens tegenaan rijden

to flip/roll over

overkop gaan

to give way

voorrang geven

to hit something/somebody

tegen iets/iemand botsen

to join the traffic

invoegen in het verkeer

to lose a wheel

een wiel verliezen

to mount the kerb

op de stoeprand rijden

to overtake

inhalen

to park (your car)

parkeren

to skid / to slip

slippen

one hundred and forty-seven

Pr

to be total loss

UNIT 3:

  W HEELS OF STEEL

147


van 0 naar 60 mijl per uur

acceleration

versnelling

brand

merk

ft (foot/feet)

1 voet = 30,5 cm

fuel capacity

brandstofcapaciteit (hoeveel gaat er in de brandstoftank?)

fuel consumption

brandstofverbruik

gallon

1 gallon = 3,8 liter

gear

versnelling

HP (horsepower)

PK (paardenkracht)

in (inch/inches)

1 duim = 2,5 cm

mile

1 mijl = 1,6 km

mpg (miles per gallon)

mijl per gallon

mph (miles per hour)

mijl per uur

price tag

prijskaartje

size

maat, grootte

top speed

topsnelheid

er

OTHER WORDS

chauffeur

driving licence (BE)

rijbewijs

oncoming traffic

tegenliggers

passenger

passagier

voetganger

openbaar vervoer

Pr

oe

public transport

fv

driver

pedestrian

one hundred and forty-eight

148

UNIT 3:

e

0-60 mph (nought to sixty)

si

VOCABULARY

NUMBERS AND DATA

  W HEELS OF STEEL


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS Talking about cars and car parts

Check 1 1

You will design your own favourite car. a Do the preparatory exercises fi rst. • Make a list of 5 necessary car parts and one with 5 luxury options. 5 luxury car parts

si

e

5 necessary car parts

• Match the words from column A with the correct words of column B.

1

2

3

E

D

B

A B C D E

engine gears brake soft top 100 mpg

er

fuel effi cient convertible manual transmission horse power accelerate

4

5

A

C

fv

1 2 3 4 5

oe

WRITING b Now describe your favourite car. SPEAKING • Go to the offi cial UK website of your favourite car. • Check out the models and choose at least 5 options/features. Make sure you fi nd a picture as well. • Describe the car (at least 50 words). Include at least 5 words or expressions from the preparatory exercises.

Pr

one hundred and forty-nine

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

149


• Find a partner and talk to each other about your favourite car. Checklist: describing your favourite car

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I chose my favourite car on a UK website and found a picture of it. • I wrote a description of at least 50 words. • I chose at least 5 options and I used at least 5 words or expressions from the preparation in my description. 2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • My sentences were grammatically correct. • I used correct spelling and punctuation in my writing. • I minded my pronunciation.

Score

< 15

15 – 20

> 20

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

ex. 5

er

2

si

e

Feedback

Practise your car vocabulary. a Fill in the correct word.

fv

1 A car with a roof that folds down if you want to feel the wind in your hair is called a            .

2 Gangsters need cars with a big            , so they have enough space to hide

oe

dead bodies, bags of money or drugs.

3 She had a really bad accident, but her

saved her life; if she hadn’t

worn it, she would have been thrown out of the car.

4 After a successful driving test, you finally get your            . (In Belgium you

Pr

have to be 18 to get it.)

5 The Hennessey Venom GT can            from 0 to 60 mph in 2.5 seconds. 6 If the car in front of you is going really slow, you may want to            But you can only do that if there’s no oncoming traffic.

one hundred and fifty

Source: Yuri Samsonov/Shutterstock.com

b What car part do you see?

150

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

it.


si

e

c What kind of vehicles are these?

oe

fv

er

Score

< 8

Next exercise

> 12

ex. 3

ex. 4

Watch the video 10 things you didn’t know about Rolls Royce. Fill in the missing words.

listening

1 The umbrella is hidden in the car          .

Pr 2 0-60          3 The

in 4.7 seconds.

Source: isidoros andronos/ Shutterstock.com

are clad in bull hide.

4 The Rolls Royce logo in the          5 The car

stays upright.

can only tune in to classic FM.

6 When you’re in the

you can close the door with a button.

7 The car is entirely            . You can choose the colours for the interior and the body, and add dozens of other personal touches. 8 The spirit of ecstasy retracts in the

when you

the car.

9 You can fit two people in the          . Score Next exercise

< 8

8 – 10 Check 2, p. xx UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

one hundred and fifty-one

3

8 – 12

151


4

listening

Watch the video in which Pewdiepie shows off his new car. a Preparation: fill in the form with the car’s features. Nissan B4 with extra clutches Nothing like you have ever seen before Fucking hard, Korean, strong AM, FM, all the Hertz, all the frequencies Can be opened Contains a banana A lot of space; fits a whole person

e

b Action: write a short description of Pewdiepie's 'new' car (about 50 words). Use information from the grid in exercise a.

si

er

fv

c Reflect on your description using the checklist.

oe

Checklist: describing Pewdiepie's car

1 Content and structure • I wrote a description of at least 50 words. • I used the information from the grid.

Pr

2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • My sentences were grammatically correct. • I used correct spelling and punctuation in my writing. Feedback

Score

< 13

13 – 18

Next exercise

ex. 3

Check 2, p. xx

one hundred and fifty-two

152

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

Yes I think so

No


5

Watch this review of the 2018 Mini convertible.

listening

a Say if these statements are true or false and correct the false statements. Statement

true

false

1 The Mini convertible is the best-selling convertible in the world. 2 This Mini has the Union Jack on the headlights. 3 The Mini convertible comes with standard Union Jack on the roof.

e

4 You can’t open the roof when you’re driving.

si

er

5 If you drive your Mini with the roof down, it does have an effect on your view to the rear.

fv

6 The speedometer is in the centre of the dashboard.

oe

7 The back seats are not for large adults.

8 There is more space inside the FIAT 500 C and the Citroen DS Cabriolet.

Pr

9 You can fold down the back seats for extra boot space.

10 The woman in the video prefers the automatic gear box.

one hundred and fifty-three

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

153


b Write down 3 positives and 2 negatives of this Mini Convertible. Negatives

e

Positives

WRITING

si

c Would you be tempted to buy a Mini convertible if you had the money? Why (not)? Explain your opinion (about 50 words) by referring to the features of the car and your list in exercise b. Check your text when you are done writing.

er

fv

oe

Checklist: giving opinion about a car

Yes I think so

1 Content and structure • I wrote my opinion in a paragraph of about 50 words. • I referred to the car's features and the positives and negatives list.

Pr

2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • My sentences were grammatically correct. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

Score

< 21

≥ 21

Next exercise

ex. 3

Check 2, p. xx

one hundred and fifty-four

154

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

No


Check 2 1

Using prepositions of place and movement WRITING

Write a report about your very own pimped car for your car blog! a Preparation: look at your gorgeous pimped ride! Locate the following items:

er

si

e

desk lamp – eyelashes – flag – flowers – flowerpot – polka dot curtains – red heart – Union Jack

oe

fv

b Action: write a blog post in which you describe where the special features of your pimped car are. Write 75 - 100 words. Write at least 1 sentence for every feature mentioned in exercise a, and find 3 other features yourself. Use correct prepositions.

Hello crazy car lovers,

Would you like to see my newly pimped ride?

Pr

one hundred and fifty-five

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

155


c Reflect on your writing by filling in the checklist. Checklist: blog report

Yes

I think so No

1 Content • I wrote 75 - 100 words. • I described the changes accurately. 2 Language • I used the correct prepositions. • I used the correct words. • My sentences are grammatically correct. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

6 – 8

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

> 8

ex. 5

si

< 6

listening Read this text about the new Mini Countryman. Choose the correct preposition. Then watch the video to check your answers. 1 You will recognize a Mini immediately no matter what road it is driving in/next to/on/to. 2 It combines off-road capability on/by/to/with the true Mini driving experience. 3 The engines with/by/to/under three or four cylinders provide powerful as well as efficient performance. 4 It also comes as a hybrid at /by/with/to emissions of/on/by/with only 49 grams CO2 per km. 5 Want to experience something new? Step right up/in/on/under. 6 The vehicle welcomes you with an LED logo projected on/to/by/up the ground under/on/from the window. 7 The higher seating gives you that real SUV feeling of being under/above/next to the traffic.

oe

fv

er

2

Score

e

Feedback

Score

< 8

Next exercise

ex. 3

Look at the picture and complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.

Pr

3

≥ 8

1 The thief is coming

the shop,

2 The police motorcycle is

3 The taxi is right

the front door.

the taxi.

the policemen.

4 Sanjee is         his moped; he’s riding         5 Danielle is sitting

the pavement.

the taxi driver.

6 Ludo has been hit by the police motorcycle and has bumped his head         lamp post. one hundred and fifty-six

7 Little Malik is sitting

156

8 The cat is

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

the pram.

the pavement.

the


4

5 3

7

2

e

1

150PC_JvH.indd 1

25-03-11 09:56

< 7

Next exercise

> 7

ex. 4

er

4

si

8

Score

© Jan van Haasteren

6

WRITING

Watch the video Human snake and describe what happens.

fv

a Write 10 sentences; 4 have already been done for you. 1 A man’s breakfast tells him to go. 2 He stands up and leaves his fl at.

oe

3

4 The postman drops his letters and joins him. 5 6

Pr

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14 He sits down.

Score Next exercise

< 7

one hundred and fi fty-seven

b Mark the prepositions. ≥ 7 Check 3, p. xx

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

157


5

Watch the videos about these car sharing services and compare them. Follow this procedure. listening a Watch the video about ZipCar. • Fill in the correct prepositions in the sentences. A The keys are                     They stay

the dash

the steering wheel. the car.

B Walk         the car to check for damage. C Check the mirrors, seat belt and displays before you drive. D Hold your Zip card         the card reader

the corner of the

windshield.

• Read the sentences and put them in the right order. 2

3

4

5

si

1

e

E Look         the car park and find the car you reserved.

• Where does it operate? • What is its slogan?

er

b Watch the video about Drive Now. Answer the questions.

oe

fv

c Compare how ZipCar works with the way Drive Now works. • Explain both procedures and say which one you prefer and why. • Make sure that you use prepositions correctly. • Write 75 – 100 words.

Pr

one hundred and fifty-eight

158

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

WRITING


d Reflection: check your comparison by filling in this checklist. Checklist: comparison ZipCar and Drive Now

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I explained how both the Zip Car and Drive Now work. • Someone who didn’t see the videos will understand how both work. • I explained which method I prefer and why. • I wrote 75-100 words. 2 Language • I used the correct prepositions. • I used the correct vocabulary. • My sentences were grammatically correct. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

< 20

≥ 20

Next exercise

ex. 4

Check 3, p. xx

er

Score

Describing what happened using past tenses

fv

Check 3 1

si

e

Feedback

Describe the accidents as if you were the passenger of the dash cam car.

listening

oe

a Preparation: watch the accidents in the video. Make a few notes about each accident.

Pr

Accident 1:

Accident 2:

one hundred and fifty-nine

Accident 3:

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

159


b Action: describe what happened in each of the accidents (about 50 words per accident). Make sure to use the following words or expressions at least once. Use the past simple and past continuous correctly. to bump into – to crash – to drive – fast lane – to flip over – to hit – to land on the roof – to race – to speed – to start braking – to swerve – traffic jam

e

si

er

fv

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist.

oe

Checklist: Describing an accident

Yes I think so

1 Content and structure • I wrote 1 paragraph of about 50 words for each accident. • I described the accidents accurately. • Whoever reads my text can understand what I wrote and can imagine what each accident was like.

Pr

2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • I used all the words at least once. • I used the past simple and continuous correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

one hundred and sixty

160

UNIT 3:

Score

< 12

12 – 16

> 16

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 5

ex. 6

W HEELS OF STEEL

No

WRITING


2

Fill in the verbs in the past simple or continuous.

1

Gerry (to walk) around the car park when all of a sudden he (to notice) one of the cars was parked upside down.

2

We (to drive) on the motorway when all of a sudden the lorry in front of us (to slip) and it (to roll) over on its side. Rachel (to leave) the house when she

3

e

(to turn around) and (to see) an old pickup truck that (to hang)

(to end up) there.

si

in a tree. She’s still wondering how the truck

I was doing 80 mph when I suddenly (to brake)

er

4

because some ducks (to cross) the road. The Mercedes behind me obviously (not – to see)

fv

that in time, so he literally (to run) over me.

5

Mark (to text) his girlfriend when he

oe

accidentaly (to drive) through a wall and (to end up) in the entrance of a subway station.

6

Ambrose (to overtake) a white minivan, when

Pr

all of a sudden he (to lose) control of his vehicle and (to drive) up the crash barrier.

Next exercise

< 12

12 – 16

> 16

ex. 3

ex. 5

one hundred and sixty-one

Score

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

161


3

There was an accident, but the driver who had to explain the situation to the police doesn't speak English. This is literally what he said. Make good sentences with each set of words. 1 I / to drive / on the motorway / to see / a beautiful girl / to wave at me 2 I / to stop / my lorry / to ask / why / she / to wave 3 She / to run / into the bushes / and / I / to be puzzled / but / I / to decide / to drive on

e

4 I / to think / still / about the girl / when / the car in front of me / suddenly / to stop

si

5 I / not / to notice / in time / there / to be / a traffic jam / so / I / to hit / the back of the car

er

< 12

oe

Score

fv

6 When / I / to try / to get out of the lorry / I / to see / that beautiful girl / again

Next exercise 4

≥ 12

All done!

Mental dictation: listen to a man who describes an accident.

listening

Pr

a Try to imagine what the situation is like.

b Then watch the video to check if what you thought was right. How right were you on a scale of 5? Score

< 3

Next exercise

5

≥ 3 All done!

Choose your favourite road safety video and explain it to a partner. a Preparation: work with a partner. There are 2 sets of ads. Who will watch which set?

one hundred and sixty-two

• Make a few notes about the different ads you see: My notes:

162

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

listening

SPEAKING


• Decide which of the ads you like the best and why. b Action: describe your favourite ad to your partner. Then, show your favourite ad to your partner. Did he/she think you described the action accurately? c Finally reflect on your speaking task by filling this checklist. Checklist: talking about your favourite ad

Yes I think so

No

e

1 Content and structure • I made good notes so I knew what to say. • I chose my favourite ad from the set. • I described my ad accurately. • My partner understood what I said and could imagine what the ad was like.

si

2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • I used correct grammar. • I minded my pronunciation.

Next exercise

ex. 4

≥ 7

fv

< 7

All done!

listening

Watch the video about self-driving cars and answer the questions.

oe

6

Score

er

Feedback

a Name at least 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages of driverless cars mentioned in the video. Disadvantages

Pr

one hundred and sixty-three

Advantages

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

163


b How do the people in the video see the evolution? Name 4 steps.

e

c What about you? Would you be interested in a driverless car? Explain your opinion (about 50 words). Refer to the advantages and disadvantages in your text.

si

er

fv

d Reflect on your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: opinion about driverless cars

oe

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 50 words. • My opinion about self-driving cars is clear. • I referred to the advantages and disadvantages from the video.

Pr

2 Language • I used the correct vocabulary. • I used correct grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 4

All done!

one hundred and sixty-four

164

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

Yes I think so

No

WRITING


CHECK OUT: REPORTING AN ACCIDENT Orientation You and your friend rented a moped and on your fi rst ride things went wrong. Fortunately, nobody got hurt, only the mopeds seem to have some damage. You will have to report and check the damage.

Preparation 1

listening

Watch the moped accident. Make a few notes about what happened. Use the past tenses correctly.

e

Action

Go back to the rental office and explain what happened. – The secretary (your partner) will fi ll out the preliminary accident report on page XX. – Then check the form the secretary fi lled out before signing it. – Switch roles afterwards.

Reflection 3

SPOKEN INTERACTION

si

er

2

WRITING

Reflect on your writing and speaking task by filling in this checklist.

fv

Checklist: describing an accident

Yes I think so

No

1 Preparation • I watched the video and made good notes.

Pr

oe

2 Spoken interaction: at the rental office • I described the accident accurately. • My partner could understand what I said and can imagine what the accident was like. • I repeated information if necessary. • I used the correct words. • I used correct prepositions. • I used the past simple and past continuous correctly. • I minded my pronunciation. 3 Writing: accident report • I fi lled in all the data accurately. • I used the correct words. • I used correct prepositions. • I used the past simple and past continuous correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

one hundred and sixty-fi ve

Feedback

Trace your steps on diddit.

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

165


AUTO ACCIDENT FORM Driver’s Name: DOB: Last Name,

SSN: - -

First Name

MI

Driver’s License No.

Your Department:

Home

If, yes, Rental Company / Agency:

Vehicle Identification Number: Year:

State:

Address:

Telephone Number, where you may be reached: Office Rental Vehicle:  Yes  No

M/D/Y

Make:

Lic Plate Number:

Model:

Description of Injuries, if any: Damages to Your Vehicle: Were Pictures Taken  Yes  No

If yes, Officer’s Name:

Report of File Number:

LOCATION OF ACCIDENT:

si

Date of Accident:

e

Were Police/DPS Notified  Yes  No

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OTHER PERSON(S) INVOLVED

er

Name: DOB: Address: How may we contact you:  Work

 Other:

fv

VEHICLE INVOLVED

 Home

Vehicle Identification Number: Year:

Lic Plate Number:

Make:

oe

Insurance Carrier: Description of Injuries, if any: Damages to Your Vehicle:

Pr

NARRATIVE REPORT / SUMMARY OF ACCIDENT: one hundred and sixty-six

166

UNIT 3:

W HEELS OF STEEL

Driver’s License Number:

Model: Policy Number:


Issuu converts static files into: digital portfolios, online yearbooks, online catalogs, digital photo albums and more. Sign up and create your flipbook.