ON TRACK 3 - editie 2021 - leerwerkboek

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Els De Clercq Margaux Coenen Veerle De Graaf Robert Kupfer Manuel Lehmann Birgen Paredis Leen Temmerman


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Els De Clercq Margaux Coenen Veerle De Graaf Robert Kupfer Manuel Lehmann Birgen Paredis Leen Temmerman


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CONTENTS 1 Me, my selfie and I Check In

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Main Track Step 1: What are you like? (describing personality) Step 2: Old habits die hard (talking about routines and (bad) habits) Step 3: What do you like? (talking about hobbies and actions going on now)

11

Summary Grammar – HOW TO talk about facts, routines and actions going on now – HOW TO express likes and dislikes – HOW TO refer to people and things – HOW TO form plural, possessive and contracted verb forms (’s/-s/-s’) Vocabulary – Personality adjectives – Idioms – Bad habits – Hobbies Strategy – HOW TO find information on the internet – HOW TO study vocabulary and grammar – HOW TO deal with difficult words in a text – HOW TO listen/watch more effectively

43 43

Summary Grammar – HOW TO talk about where things happen – HOW TO talk about the past Vocabulary – Holidays – Staying at a hotel Strategy – HOW TO write a good (online) customer review – HOW TO structure vocabulary Useful expressions – HOW TO state your opinion

43 45 46

On Different Tracks Check 1: describing holiday activities Check 2: talking about past situations Check 3: writing a review

128 128 133 139

Check Out: reviewing a holiday activity

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47 48 48 49 50 51 53 53

3 Science inspires

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On Different Tracks Check 1: describing personality Check 2: talking about routines and (bad) habits Check 3: talking about hobbies and actions going on now

57 57

Check Out: recording a dating video

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Main Track Step 1: The world is your playground (describing holiday activities) Step 2: Trip of a lifetime (talking about past situations) Step 3: Because the internet said so (writing a review)

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2 Adventure is out there

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Check In

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85 86

87 97 106

147 148

Main Track Step 1: Get it down to science (expressing conditions and hypotheses) Step 2: What is the trick of the trade? (giving instructions) Step 3: Have you succeeded? (describing experiences and consequences)

150

Summary Grammar – HOW TO talk about possibilities, hypotheses and conditions – HOW TO give instructions – HOW TO talk about unfinished actions, consequences and experiences Vocabulary – Lab equipment – The scientific method – Science words and different parts of speech Strategy – HOW TO give a presentation

176 176

On Different Tracks Check 1: expressing conditions and hypotheses Check 2: giving instructions Check 3: describing experiences and consequences

186

Check Out: organizing a science fair

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150 164 168

176 178 179 181 181 182 182 184 184

186 193 197

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124 126 127 127

Check In

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114 115 121 121 123 124

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ON TRACK: CONTENTS

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On Different Tracks 241 Check 1: describing schools and school objects 241 246 Check 2: reporting data Check 3: using the future tense 253 Check Out: making an infographic 261

5 Eat in/take out

6 Don’t judge a book by its cover

265

337

Main Track 339 Step 1: Let the games begin (discussing English-speaking countries) 339 Step 2: What’s in a story? (analysing a story) 349 Step 3: Do you read me? (giving your opinion on a literary text) 362

Summary 368 Strategy 368 – HOW TO give your opinion on a literary text 368 Cultural background 370 – Australian English 370 – HOW TO analyse a story 372 On Different Tracks 374 Check 1: discussing English-speaking countries 374 379 Check 2: analysing a story Check 3: giving your opinion on a literary text 387

Check Out: appreciating (literary) art

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Check In 266

336

Check In 338

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Summary 233 Grammar 233 – HOW TO talk about the future 233 – HOW TO report data 234 Vocabulary 236 – School supplies 236 – School locations 237 – People at school 237 – School idioms 238 Strategy 239 – HOW TO make an infographic 239 Useful expressions 240 240 – HOW TO state your opinion

Check Out: placing your order

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Main Track 207 Step 1: Hit those books (describing schools and school objects) 207 Step 2: Your class in numbers (reporting data) 214 Step 3: The past and future of education (using the future tense) 224

On Different Tracks 318 Check 1: using countable and uncountable nouns 318 Check 2: ordering a sandwich 322 Check 3: describing and comparing food 329

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Check In 206

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4 Make the grade 205

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Main Track 267 Step 1: Breakfast at the coffee shop (using countable and uncountable nouns) 267 Step 2: How to order a sandwich (ordering a sandwich) 279 Step 3: Tasty, tastier… tastiest (describing and comparing food) 286

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Summary 307 Grammar 307 – HOW TO talk about one or more things 307 – HOW TO indicate quantity 308 – HOW TO describe people, things and actions 310 – HOW TO make comparisons 312 Vocabulary 313 – Drinks 313 – Fruit 313 – Bakery items 314 – Fillings 314 – Vegetables and herbs 315 – Meat 316 – Cheese 316 Useful expressions 317 – HOW TO order in a shop 317

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ON TRACK: CONTENTS


STARTEN MET ON TRACK Welkom in On Track. We leggen graag even uit hoe je met dit boek aan de slag gaat.

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1 / Op weg met On Track Het leerwerkboek bestaat uit zes units en elke unit is op dezelfde manier opgebouwd.

Op de voorpagina van elke unit vind je terug wat je zult leren om de taak aan het einde van de unit, de Check Out, goed uit te voeren. Deze voorpagina toont je de weg die je zult afleggen.

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UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE CHECK IN Step 1:

Step 3 :

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describing holiday activities

MAIN TRACK

Step 2 :

writing a review

talking about past situations

In de Check In maak je kennis met het thema van de unit.

SUMMARY

TRACE YOUR STEPS

CHECK IN

LET’S GO ON AN ADVENTURE

1 Discuss these questions with a partner.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a What types of holidays do you know?

b What do you do when you are on holiday?

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

c What does your dream holiday look like?

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CHECK OUT: REVIEWING A HOLIDAY ACTIVITY

WATCHING

2 Watch these 2 videos of people’s summer holidays.

De Main Track is opgebouwd uit verschillende Steps. In elke Step leer je een afzonderlijke bouwsteen om de taak aan het einde van de unit te kunnen maken.

paragliding

hiking

dogsledding

dining

stargazing

swimming

karting

rock climbing

kayaking dolphin spotting

submarining

scuba diving

golfing

jetskiing

wellness

dancing

skateboarding

photographing

MAIN TRACK helicopter ride

triking

STEP 1 ⁄ Get it down to science sightseeing reading

sunbathing

Expressing conditions and hypotheses

sitting around the campfire

snorkeling

1 ⁄bWords science Which of activities are in both videos? WATCHING

1 Watch the video and answer the questions. ca Which type ofis: holiday do you like most? Why? This extract an example of a science fair

an advertisement for a film

an advertisement to attract new competitors a documentary on the Olympics of the next of this science fair Science What Fairs is the purpose of d Bothfor videos lookedition professional, but there is a difference in purpose. videos? b both Which typical parts of a science fair do you recognize? Video 1

Video 2

To persuade To inform To entertain SCIENCE FAIR

e Explain why.

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2 What type of word or ‘part of speech’ is ‘fair’ in ‘science fair’?

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3 You will get a list with words. Organize them and decide what part of speech they are. Use a dictionary if necessary. A noun (a, an, the …)

Voor je start met On Different Tracks is er een Summary: een overzicht van de grammatica, woordenschat, strategieën, veelgebruikte uitdrukkingen en extra info over culturele achtergrond.

An adjective

A verb (to …)

HOW TO refer to people and things

(Personal pronouns)

Milo is my dog. I love

Is that your dog?

150

No, that’s Milo. It’s his.

UNIThim. 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES He’s mine!

PERSONAL PRONOUNS Subject pronoun

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ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK 1 ⁄ Describing holiday activities

1 Lauren would like to make a collage of her trips to post on Instagram. Can you help her? Write a full sentence describing each picture: write what she is doing and where she is doing it. Look at the example.

writing

Possessive adjective

Possessive pronoun

Object pronoun

Reflexive pronoun

I love …

… my dog Milo.

Milo is mine.

Milo misses me when I’m gone.

I feed Milo myself.

You love …

… your dog.

Milo is yours.

Milo misses you when you’re gone.

You feed Milo yourself.

He loves …

… his dog.

Milo is his.

She loves …

… her dog.

Milo is hers.

It is showing …

… its teeth.

/

Milo misses him when he’s He feeds Milo himself. gone. Milo misses her when she’s She feeds Milo herself. gone. I would never adopt it.

We love …

… our dog.

Milo is ours.

Milo misses us when we’re gone.

We feed Milo ourselves.

You love …

… your dog.

Milo is yours.

Milo misses you when you’re gone.

You feed Milo yourselves.

They love …

… their dog.

Milo is theirs.

Milo misses them when they’re gone.

They feed Milo themselves.

Je leerkracht zal je zeggen wanneer je de Check, die bij een bepaalde Step hoort, kunt maken in On Different Tracks. Afhankelijk van je resultaat kun je – helemaal volgens jouw tempo en niveau – de leerstof c Give a characteristic you associate with these animals. nog even herhalen, extra oefenen ofthatmeer verdiepende oefeningen Animal Characteristic UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I maken. cute, adorable ... 1 hamster 46

e.g. Lauren is kissing a dolphin in the pool. / Lauren kissed a dolphin in the pool.

Je kunt je traject in On Different Tracks helemaal zelfstandig doorlopen, met een partner of samen met de klas. Aan de hand van de handige scorewijzers weet je meteen welke oefeningen je moet maken. Berlin

Score

<6

6–8

>8

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

ex. 6

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

ON TRACK: STARTEN MET ON TRACK

2 donkey

stupid, determined, stubborn ...

3 bull

dangerous ... scary, sneaky ...

4 snake

2

Score

< 12

12 – 15

> 15

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

ex. 5

What characteristics do animals have? a Fill in the adjectives below next to each description. energetic – funny – irritating – scary – sociable b Link the descriptions to the animals. dog – fly – hamster – monkey – snake Description

Adjective

Animal

1 is dangerous

scary

snake

2 is happy to be around people or other animals sociable

dog

3 makes you laugh

funny

monkey

4 moves a lot

energetic

hamster

5 bugs you or gets on your nerves

irritating

fly

five

in

sailing

Aan het einde van elke Step zie je een verwijzing naar een Check. Die Check vind je terug in het onderdeel On Different Tracks.UNITIn2: ADVENTURE OnIS OUT THERE Different Tracks ga je na of je de bouwsteen al onder de knie hebt.

CHECK 1, see p. 57

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a Highlight the holiday activities that you see in the videos.

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Als je alle bouwstenen in de Main Track hebt doorlopen en ze voldoende hebt ingeoefend in On Different Tracks, dan ben je zeker klaar voor de Check Out, de taak aan het einde van de unit. Hier kun je alles wat je geleerd hebt, in de unit toepassen.

CHECK OUT PLACING YOUR ORDER ORIENTATION You are going out for some take-out food or drinks. You are not entirely sure what you want. You will have to ask the barista/server to compare 2 drinks or 2 food items, so you get the items you really like.

PREPARATION 1 Pair up. Decide who will be the server/barista and who will be the customer. 2 Read the menu you have been given. Make sure you understand everything. If you are the customer, decide which 2 drinks and 2 food items you will be ordering.

ACTION SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Look at the role cards below and have a conversation with your partner.

BARISTA/SERVER Name: • Serve the customer politely. • Answer all of their questions.

Elke Check Out gebruikt de OVUR-strategie: Orientation

Reflection REFLECTION

Action

IN

CUSTOMER Name: • Order 2 drinks and 2 food items. • You are unsure about 1 of your items. • Ask the barista/server if they can recommend which one is better (and why). • Think about taste, size, flavour, etc.

4 Reflect on your task by filling in the checklist.

3 Reflect on your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: placing your order

Yes

I think so

No

1 Preparation • I have read the menu and made sure I understood everything.

Preparation

Checklist: describing your holiday

2 Content and structure • We went through all the steps of ordering. • We started and ended the conversation properly.

Yes

Reflection

I think so

No

1 Preparation • I described my friends’ holiday activities. • I wrote my note or postcard in draft first.

3 Language • I used ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘many’, and ‘a lot of’ correctly. • I used correct grammar (e.g. to compare food). • I used the correct words for all the food. • I paid attention to my pronunciation. Feedback

2 Content • I wrote about 75 UNIT words. 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT • I included all the necessary elements. • I respected the rules for writing an informal note or postcard. Trace your steps on diddit.

Checklist: describing a classmate

Yes

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c Reflection: reflect on your speaking skills by filling in the checklist below.

We willen graag dat je vorderingen maakt en dat je reflecteert op je taken en leert uit 3 Language use • I used the correct vocabulary to describe the activities and the feedback.

I think so No

1 Content and structure • I used at least 5 appropriate/relevant idioms. • I explained why I chose those idioms. 2 Language • I used the correct words. • I explained the idioms correctly. • I used correct basic grammar. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

weather. • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I paid attention to the structure of my sentences. • I checked my spelling and punctuation.

Feedback

Feedback

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CHECK 1, see p. 57

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STEP 2 ⁄ Old habits die hard Ten slotte kun je na elke je online Talkingunit about routines and (bad) habitsportfolio op diddit individueel of 1 ⁄ Stuck in a rut invullen. Zijn er dingen die nog niet zo goed samen met je leerkracht lopen, dan krijg je meteen ook digitale oefeningen bij je werkpunten.

Trace your steps on diddit.

1 Before you start reading, think about how you spend an average day (24 hours).

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Colour your personal chart. Look at the legend. sleep

12 1 a.m.

b

3

4

school

5

6

7

8

study

internet

9 10 11 12 1 p.m.

2

3

hobbies 4

7

5

6

8

other

9 10 11 12 a.m.

Find a partner and tell them all about it.

2 Scan the text on p. 23 and answer these questions.

reading

a What is the source?

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2 / Nuttig voor onderweg

eat

2

exercise/ sports

In de loop van elke unit word je ondersteund door een aantal hulpmiddelen. b What types of written texts can you find on the website?

4 Check the verb form in the instructions on how to make a paper airplane.

ex em

a What form of the verb is used?

b Complete the grammar box below.

GRAMMAR

HOW TO give instructions

c What do you know about the author of the text?

SUMMARY

To give instructions or to say that someone has to do something, we use

GRAMMAR

.

of the verb.

The imperative is the

e.g. Place the paper on a flat surface in front of you.

To say that someone is not allowed to do something, we add

(Conditional sentences)

e.g. Don’t aim at people with your paper plane! We also use

to give the order in which we have to do something:

See p. 178

e.g.

speaking

6 When you are doing science experiments, safety rules are crucial. The students in the illustration violate them. Which ones? The words from the box below might be useful.

writing

If you heat water to 100 °C, it boils.

If my geography teacher taught in English, some of us would find it difficult to understand.

electronic device – first aid kit – glass beaker – gloves – lab coat – loose hair – safety goggles – smell chemicals – taste liquid

A condition is something that must be fullfilled before something else happens or will happen. A condition mostly starts with ‘if’.

e.g. If my experiment succeeds, I will be over the moon.

OFF W E W ENT

jk UNIT 4:

226

Main clause

your health suffers.

If you heat water to 100 °C,

it boils.

present simple

# rule 7:

1 Do you know what a bad habit is? Can you define it? Use words from the list below in your Zero conditional definition.

present simple

If my experiment succeeds,

I will be over the moon.

If we don’t do anything,

the ice caps will melt completely.

present simple If my geography teacher taught English,

Omdat leerstrategieën ontzettend belangrijk zijn, vind je die ook in de Main UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES Track terug wanneer je ze nodig hebt. Elke leerstrategie kun je via een handig schema of overzicht nog eens rustig bekijken in de Summary, ook als je er later nog eens gebruik van wilt maken. past simple

would/wouldn’t + base form of the verb

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Choose 1 activity that you would enjoy and 1 that you would not. Explain why (not).

in

First conditional to talk about real and possible situations (now or in the future)

a bad effect – to break – to control – often

Second conditional to describe 2 Read through the strategies in the box below before watching the video. imaginary or unreal situations (now or in the future)

STRATEGY

HOW TO listen/watch more effectively

b Use appropriate expressions to state your preferences.

Before listening watching

What words come to mind?

Type of text/video

a Cross out the keywords on the BINGO! chart below if they are mentioned in the video. Tip 1: read through the list of words before watching the video. Tip 2: there are 15 words to dopamine: a hormone that is made naturally in the body; it is known as the feel-good neurotransmitter a trigger: an event or situation, etc. that causes something to start

I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe enjoy (-ing form of activity) because

(-ing form of activity) is what I would like to try/experience because

B

d Sit in groups and have a conversation with your group members about your activities. Keep the conversation going! Use some of the expressions below.

– – – – – –

What do you mean by that? Could you explain that a little further? I don’t really understand what you mean. What is your point? I agree with you. I would like to add that …

I

N

G

behaviour

dopamine

can't leave your phone alone

trigger

picking your nose

crave

fixed pathways

smoking

’we first make our habits’

slurping your food

’and then our habits make us’

desperate

turn off notifications

repetitions

new traces in your brain

fingernails

solution

sugar

every morning

cracking knuckles

habit loop

enjoy

reward

Focus on what you hear/see Think ahead: what might happen next?

six

c What do you think the expression ‘ants in his pants’ could mean? To have an itchy feeling, like a rash. To be extremely restless or anxious. To be a very active person, very sportsmanlike.

Take short notes.

Listen to the intonation and stress of the speakers.

Ignore the words you think are less important. Focus on key words and facts.

30

See p. 127

After listening watching 3 Check your understanding If possible, listen again to difficult passages.

WATCHING Have you completed the task?

a List the places that Emily will visit.

b Also list the activities they are planning to do.

Task Do you understand the task? Read through the question and highlight key words.

2 While listening watching

2 ⁄ Where you at?! 1 Watch Emily’s vlog about her trip and answer the questions.

What do you already know about this type of text/video?

O

unlearn procrastination

Omdat je Engels wilt gebruiken in een UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I realistische context, reiken we je graag ook veelgebruikte uitdrukkingen aan.

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

What kind of text/video are you going to listen to/watch?

cross out!

(-ing form of activity) because

HOW TO keep the conversation going

WATCHING

3 Watch the video and answer the following questions.

State your opinion

1

Topic What do you know about the topic?

c Plan the conversation in the speaking table below.

The activity that I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe not enjoy is

6

HOW TO listen/watch more effectively

1 Read through the questions before you even start to listen/watch. 2 Make sure you understand all of the questions. If not, ask your teacher to explain what you don’t understand. 3 Highlight the most important part of the question. 4 Do you understand what the goal of this exercise is? – Do you have to listen for main ideas? – Do you have to listen for details? – Do you have to draw a conclusion? 5 Make sure you know how often you will be able to watch/listen to the extract. See p. 56 6 Take only short notes (keywords) if necessary and use a pencil!

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

176

6 Would you enjoy these holiday activities?

to talk about situations that are always generally true or facts

future simple some of us would find it difficult to understand.

If people cared more about the we wouldn’t have all these environment, problems now.

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If-clause

If you smoke,

certainty

# rule 5:

# rule 6:

2 ⁄ Bad habits USE

FORM

# rule 4:

probability

# rule 2:

# rule 3:

low probability

pagenumber

# rule 1:

21

If we don’t do anything now, the ice caps will melt completely.

.

5 Now tell a classmate how to make a paper airplane.

Grammaticale regels staan in de Main Track altijd in een kader, met een duidelijk UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I voorbeeld erbij. Hier vul je zelf een aantal basiskenmerken van de regel in. Hoe je de grammatica gebruikt, vind je vervolgens terug in de Summary. Aan de hand van nog meer voorbeelden en illustraties schetsen we de context waarin je de grammatica kunt gebruiken.

HOW TO talk about possibilities, hypotheses and conditions

Read your notes.

ON TRACK: STARTEN MET ON TRACK Have you understood the main points?

56

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


geometry set

eraser

glue

Word

Translation

adaptable

flexibel, bereid zich aan te passen

aggressive

agressief, opvliegend

ambitious

ambitieus, streverig

bossy

bazig

brave

dapper

cautious

voorzichtig

childlike

kinderlijk, kinderachtig

clever

slim, verstandig

confident

zelfverzekerd, vol vertrouwen

curious

nieuwsgierig

detail-oriented

hole punch

highlighter pen

notebook

pen

paperclip

pencil

ruler

pencil case

scissors

sticky notes

stapler

tape

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

236

My notes

met oog voor detail

determined

vastberaden

empathetic

empathisch, meelevend

enthusiastic

enthousiast

family-oriented

gezinsgericht, veel belang hechtend aan familie

generous

vrijgevig

grumpy

slechtgezind, chagrijnig

hardworking

hardwerkend

honest

eerlijk

kind

vriendelijk, zachtaardig

lazy

lui

logical

logisch

meticulous

nauwgezet, precies, accuraat

nosy

nieuwsgierig, bemoeiziek

organized

georganiseerd

outgoing

sociaal, makkelijk in de omgang

patient

geduldig

peopleoriented

mensgericht, met aandacht voor de medemens

practical

praktisch

reliable

betrouwbaar

reserved

zwijgzaam, weinig spraakzaam, gereserveerd

IN

correction tape

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

48

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binder

backpack

De woordenschat van elke unit geven we je graag mee via illustraties of via een overzichtelijke woordenlijst met ruimte om je eigen woorden en zinnen toe te voegen.

1 PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES

VOCABULARY

VOCABULARY

1 SCHOOL SUPPLIES

READING

SPOKEN INTERACTION

SPEAKING

watching

WRITING

written INTERACTION

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listening

VA

Vaardigheden zijn een belangrijk onderdeel bij het leren van een nieuwe taal. Daarom geven we bij elke oefening aan op welke vaardigheid je het meest aan het oefenen bent: listening, reading, speaking, spoken interaction, watching, writing, written interaction.

3 / Fijn en handig voor onderweg the Champs Elysees and toured the amazing Notre Dame. We attended Sunday Mass there, although I didn’t understand a word of it! Paris was also very loud, crazy, and busy.

40

On another day we went to the town of Idar Oberstein, a jewelry making town. They are famous for making jewelry from rocks in the mountainside. There is a castle there too and a church built right into the side of the mountain. We spent our last full day there in the country of Luxembourg. Luxembourg is very different from what we saw in Germany. Luxembourg still has a palace with a Duke and Duchess and it has a guard out front.

After a tearful goodbye to Germany we left for Switzerland. Our time there, while shorter, was also amazing. We took a to carve: to cut out from wood or stone church’s steeple: pointed tower of the church train ride to Zurich and spent our first day there shopping in former: previous, in the past all the big city shops. I didn’t get everything I wanted! Then grape vines: plants that grow grapes to produce wine we got to drive through the mountains over the Susten pass. intricately: with a lot of detail writing 50 In the text Stick talks about the meaning of his first name and where it came from. Do you The weather was not that great, but it was still wonderful. In 5 my grandpa’s hometown, we went inside two castles that he know where your name comes from? If you do, write a few sentences explaining it. If you don’t, used to go in as a child. ask your parents and then write down where your name comes from. Share it with the class. Our last full day we went to the city of Lucerne and looked out over the lake and river there and spent nearly the whole day buying souvenirs before we had

My name is

.

My parents chose this name for me because to return for a big family dinner where there were

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55

Wanneer er moeilijke woorden voorkomen in het authentieke tekstmateriaal, worden die uitgelegd in de glossary.

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45

four generations of my family.

I like / don’t like my name because

.

Even though the weather was not the best while we were there, we had the best time we could’ve possibly had and I hope one day very soon I can go back to the wonderful sights and people.

Soms krijg je extra uitleg bij een boek, een .auteur of could choose any other name it would be because eenIf Ifilm. 60

Lake Lucerne

Source: www.teenink.com

3 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

. reading

a Melissa compares Europe to the USA. What are the differences in her opinion? 2 ⁄ You have a great personality!

1 Copy the sentence below. Try to write as naturally as possible.

FANGIRL (RAINBOW ROWELL) Cath and her twin Wren are huge Simon Snow fans and used to do everything together. But now that they’re off to college, Wren is making new friends and partying, while Cath is struggling to adjust, spending most of her time writing Simon Snow fan fiction in her room. To make matters worse, her roommate Reagan is rude and her roommate’s boyfriend Levi is always around.

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.

Didb you know? What did Melissa visit in Paris?

ki

Adapted from: https://en.wikipedia.org

2 I told him he had good reason to be proud of himself. He was justifiably

a concoction b What does the underlined expression mean? ‘Levi stopped to talk to the guy. Because he was Levi, and this was a biological necessity.’

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

Something you have to do because it’s in your nature/DNA. Something you have to do because it’s your job.

De volgende iconen helpen je ook nog een eind op weg.

in

to slant: something that slants is sloping, rather than horizontal or vertical.

Something you have to do because you read it in a book.

Left

to slash: an oblique stroke (/) in print or writing

proud of himself.

3 He gave me a drink that he invented himself.

2 Watch the video about graphology or the study of handwriting and answer the questions below. WATCHING 99 Watch the video twice, if necessary.

Right

reading

a How is it said in the text?

In de Did You 1Know -kaders vind je leuke weetjes en You have a free hour before you have to do something/be somewhere. an hour to kill achtergrondinformatie.

jk

‘The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog’ is an Englishlanguage pangram – a sentence that contains all of the letters of the English alphabet. The phrase is commonly used for touchtyping practice, testing typewriters and computer keyboards, displaying examples of fonts, and other applications involving text where the use of all letters in the alphabet is desired.

2 Read the excerpt and answer the questions.

slashing the

Something you have to do because your biology teacher told you to.

I

c What does this sentence tell us about Levi’s personality?

Het luisterfragment dat hierbij hoort, vind je ook online terug. He’s a very friendly and sociable person.

a Complete the table.

How I write, according to the video

Size

What it says about my personality, according to the video

d ‘You look tarred and sweatered’ is a play on the expression ‘tarred and feathered’. This was a form of public punishment and shaming in the past where people were covered in tar and feathers. What is Levi saying here about Cath’s outfit?

want to feel vind je ook online terug. Het beeldfragmentoutgoing, dat people-oriented, hierbij hoort, understood and noticed

It looks bad, as if someone was punishing her by putting too

shy, detail-oriented, meticulous

many sweaters on her.

well-adjusted, adaptable

e Whatje does extra Cath order? materiaal terug op diddit. Als je dit icoon ziet, moet je iets online opzoeken of vind

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

Grande coffee f

Does Levi give Cath her order? Explain your answer. No, he makes her a special drink.

ON TRACK: STARTEN MET ON TRACK

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

seven

14

271

7


het onlineleerplatform bij On Track

IN

Leerstof kun je inoefenen op jouw niveau.

N

Je krijgt meteen feedback aan de hand van theoriekaders en instructiefilmpjes.

VA

Je kunt vrij oefenen en de leerkracht kan ook voor jou oefeningen klaarzetten.

aa r©

Hier vind je de opdrachten terug die de leerkracht voor jou heeft klaargezet.

Hier kan de leerkracht toetsen en taken voor jou klaarzetten. Trace Your Steps: vul hier jouw portfolio in om aan te duiden wat je al beheerst. Benieuwd hoe ver je al staat met oefenen en opdrachten? Hier vind je een helder overzicht van je resultaten.

pl

Hier vind je het lesmateriaal per unit (o.a. audio- en videobestanden). Alle instructiefilmpjes en leerbladen uit de Summary zijn hier ook nog eens verzameld.

(Present simple and present continuous)

No, Gia is really kind and generous. She is probably just explaining the exercise.

3 BAD HABITS

always being late

cracking knuckles

being addicted to TV/mobile phone/internet/video games

cursing, getting angry in traffic

HOW TO state your opinion biting your fingernails Short phrases: I love … because… I’m fond of … because… I have a slight preference for … because… I prefer … I prefer … to … because… I like … / I like … much more than … because… I don’t like … because… I hate … because…

eating too much junk food/ binging

… it is relaxing. … I want to see the world. … I’m an active person.

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

Gia is such a big mouth. She never keeps her mouth shut. Look! What is she telling Tatiana now?

GRAMMAR

ex em

SUMMARY

HOW TO talk about facts, routines and actions going on now

HOW TO listen/watch more effectively Before listening watching

What words come to mind?

Type of text/video What kind of text/video are you going to listen to/watch?

1 Present simple

FORM

Subject

Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

1st p. sing. 2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur. 3rd p. plur.

I live in Belgium. You live in Belgium. He/she lives in Belgium. We live in Belgium. You live in Belgium. They live in Belgium.

I don’t live in Belgium. You don’t live in Belgium. He/she doesn’t live in Belgium. We don’t live in Belgium. You don’t live in Belgium. They don’t live in Belgium.

Do I live in Belgium? Do you live in Belgium? Does she live in Belgium? Do we live in Belgium? Do you live in Belgium? Do they live in Belgium?

Rule:

Subject + base of verb

Subject + don’t/doesn’t + base of verb Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: doesn’t

Do/does + subject + base of verb Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: does

Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: + -s

gossiping

USE

procrastinating

picking your nose

slouching

jk

We use the present simple to talk about – habits and routines. In this case, we often use words like ‘normally’, ‘usually’, ‘always’, ‘often’, etc. e.g. In Scandinavia, it usually snows in winter.

In conversation:

ki

in eight

8

I would definitely enjoy hiking because I

What do you already know about this type of text/video?

Task

love being outdoors. not washing your hands

Do you understand the task?

– I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe enjoy … (-ing form of activity), because… – … (-ing form of activity) is what I would like to try / experience, because… – The activity that I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe not enjoy is … (-ing form of activity), because…

Read through the question and highlight key words.

2 While listening watching Focus on what you hear/see Think ahead: what might happen next?

slurping or gobbling your food / bolting down

Take short notes.

Listen to the intonation and stress of the speakers.

Ignore the words you think are less important.

– facts. e.g. It rains a lot in Belgium.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

1

Topic What do you know about the topic?

… it is boring. … I don’t like to get wet. … I’m no daredevil.

Focus on key words and facts.

To keep the conversation going use some of the following expressions:

smoking

43

spitting in public

talking with your mouth full

What do you mean by that? Could you explain that a little more? I don’t really understand what you mean. What is your point? I agree with you. I would like to add that…

After listening watching 3 Check your understanding If possible, listen again to difficult passages.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

50

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

Have you completed the task?

Read your notes.

127 Have you understood the main points?

56

WOORDTRAINER VAN IN En waarom de woordenschat niet instuderen met de handige woordtrainerapp van On Track?

– – – – – –

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

On Track 3 UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER CHECK IN Step 1:

MAIN TRACK

discussing English-speaking countries

Step 2 :

analysing a story

SUMMARY Step 3 :

giving your opinion on a literary text

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK OUT: APPRECIATING (LITERARY) ART

ON TRACK: DIDDIT


UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

Step 1:

Step 2 :

talking about routines and (bad) habits

pl

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

describing personality

IN

CHECK IN

ex em

SUMMARY

Step 3 :

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

talking about hobbies and actions going on now

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: RECORDING A DATING VIDEO


CHECK IN THIS IS ME

THIS IS ME /

/

Self-portrait

Place of birth:

N

Date of birth:

VA

Name:

This I ... do: never

This or that: or

10 million dollars

brains

or

beauty

time machine or

magic wand

or

vintage

party trip

or

romantic trip

often

hardly ever every weekend on Mondays

ex em

pl

modern

aa r©

always

true love

My family members: I absolutely love:

This makes me happy:

This is what I want(ed) to become later:

in

ki

jk

but I hate:

Class:

School year:

-

ten

10

written INTERACTION

IN

Introduce yourself to your classmates. Fill in the friendship page. Don’t forget to add a selfportrait: draw a picture of yourself or add a photo.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ What are you like?

Describing personality

IN

1 ⁄ What’s in a name?

1 Read the following quotes. Say which quote you like the most. Explain why you say this.

What’s in a name? That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet.

aa r©

– William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet

VA

1

because

N

I like quote

reading

The point, though, is that there is a guy in shop class named ‘Nothing’. I’m not kidding. His name is ‘Nothing’ and he is hilarious. ‘Nothing’ got his name when kids used to tease him in middle school. I think he’s a senior now. The kids started calling him Patty when his real name is Patrick. And ‘Nothing’ told these kids, ‘Listen, you either call me Patrick, or you call me nothing.’ So, the kids started calling him ‘Nothing.’ And the name just stuck.

ex em

pl

2

– Stephen Chbosky, The Perks of Being a Wallflower

3

Nicknames stick to people, and the most ridiculous are the most adhesive.

jk

– Thomas C. Haliburton

4 ‘Must a name mean something?’ Alice asked

doubtfully. Of course it must,’ Humpty Dumpty said with a short laugh; ‘my name means the shape I am – and a good handsome shape it is, too. With a name like yours, you might be any shape, almost.’

ki

– Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass

in

5

‘Seamus Rafael Goldberg. At the Natick School. Doesn’t sound right, somehow,’ Dad said. Yes, my name is Seamus – pronounced SHAY-mus – Rafael Goldberg. Try being five with that name. They called me Seamus as a young kid, then Rafael, which is almost worse, until I was like ten. I picked Rafe when I was in fifth grade, and I have insisted on it ever since.

eleven

– Bill Konigsberg, Openly Straight

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

11


SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Read the blurb on the novel Stick by Andrew Smith. What kind of book do you expect this to be?

reading

IN

2 Does a name say anything about your personality? If so, what does your name say about you?

aa r©

Adapted from: www.authorandrewsmith.com

VA

Stick is the story of Stark McClellan who is bullied for being ‘deformed’: he was born with only one ear. His older brother Bosten is always there to defend him. But the boys can’t defend one another from their abusive parents. Stick was written by Andrew Smith, who is the award-winning author of several Young Adult novels, including the critically acclaimed Grasshopper Jungle and Winger.

N

STICK (ANDREW SMITH)

4 Read the extract from the novel Stick by Andrew Smith and answer the questions. Indicate in the text where you found the answer. a Why is Stick called Stick?

ex em

pl

b What is his real name? Does he like it? How can you tell?

c Why do people stare at Stick? How does that make him feel?

d Why do you think there are ‘gaps’ in the text?

ki

jk

e What sort of relationship do you think Stick has with his parents? Why do you think this?

in

They call me Stick.

twelve

12

I am six feet tall, an inch taller than my brother, Bosten, who is in eleventh grade. I’m thirteen, and a stick. My real first name is Stark, which, in my opinion, is worse than being called Stick. It was my great-grandfather’s name, and I suppose my parents were all into connecting with our roots or something when they decided to put it on me. My great-grandstick lived and died in Ireland and never once set eyes on me in his entire life. But I’m pretty sure he’d call me Stick, too, if he ever had.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

reading


VA

N

IN

A lot of times, after people learn my name, they’ll say things like, ‘Oh. What an unusual name,’ which, to me, sounds the same as, ‘Look at that poor, deformed boy.’ And when they learn that I don’t care to be called Stark, they’ll offer some consolation. ‘I’ll bet you come to like that name when you’re grown up.’ The only things I can think of that people like more after they’re grown up are alcohol and cigarettes. My parents smoke all the time. I am as unremarkable as canned green beans. It bothers me when people stare at me. Most of the time, they can’t help doing it on account of my missing right ear. Besides that, with first names like ours, my brother and I may just as well walk around waving signs saying LOOK AT US. At least where we grew up, in Washington State, boys were all pretty much expected to have names like ‘Chip’ or ‘Robert.’ But not Bosten or Stark McClellan. Stick.

aa r©

The world sounds different to me than it does to anyone else. Pretty much all of the time, it sounds like

this. Half my head is quiet.

pl

I was born this way. Most people don’t notice it right away, but once they do, I see their faces; I watch how they’ll move around toward that side – the one with the missing part – so they can see what’s wrong with me. So, here. Look at me. I’m ugly.

in

ki

You see what I’m doing, don’t you? I

But I’m ugly. am

making

The way I hear the world. But I won’t do it too much, I promise. I know what it can do to you. I know what it can do to you to not have that hole there. Humans need that hole, so things can get out. Things get into my head and they bounce around and around until they My mother never talks about my ear. She hardly ever talks to me at all. I believe she is sad, horrified. I think she blames herself. Mostly, I think she wishes I was never born.

Source: Andrew Smith, Stick, p. 5-7

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

you hear me.

find a way out.

thirteen

jk

ex em

When you see me at first, I look like just another teenage boy, only too tall and too skinny. Square on, staring into my headlights, and you’re probably going to think I look nice, a handsome kid, even – green eyes, brown hair, a relaxed kind of face (from not smiling too much, probably). But then get around to that side, and you see it. I have what looks like the outline of a normal boy’s ear, but it’s pressed down into the flesh, squashed like potter’s clay. No hole – a canal, they call it. Nothing gets into my head that way. I can’t easily hide it because my dad won’t let me grow my hair long. He yells at me if I wear a hat indoors. He says there’s nothing wrong with me.

13


5 In the text Stick talks about the meaning of his first name and where it came from. Do you know where your name comes from? If you do, write a few sentences explaining it. If you don’t, ask your parents and then write down where your name comes from. Share it with the class. My name is

writing

.

IN

My parents chose this name for me because

.

I like / don’t like my name because

.

because

N

If I could choose any other name it would be

.

VA

2 ⁄ You have a great personality!

aa r©

1 Copy the sentence below. Try to write as naturally as possible.

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.

Did you know?

ex em

pl

‘The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog’ is an Englishlanguage pangram – a sentence that contains all of the letters of the English alphabet. The phrase is commonly used for touchtyping practice, testing typewriters and computer keyboards, displaying examples of fonts, and other applications involving text where the use of all letters in the alphabet is desired.

Adapted from: https://en.wikipedia.org

2 Watch the video about graphology (the study of handwriting) and answer the questions below. Watch the video twice, if necessary.

jk

to slant: something that slants is sloping, rather than horizontal or vertical.

Right

Left

in

ki

to slash: an oblique stroke (/) in print or writing

slashing the

I

a Complete the table. How I write, according to the video Size

What it says about my personality, according to the video outgoing, people-oriented, want to feel understood and noticed shy, detail-oriented, meticulous

fourteen

14

well-adjusted, adaptable

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

WATCHING


b Choose the correct option. - enjoy freedom / being alone

narrow spacing between words

- like / dislike being alone (sociable)

to the right

- logical / sentimental - open / not open to new experiences - you highly value your privacy / friends and family

to the left

- sociable / introspective - people-oriented / reserved - prefer to work behind the scenes / with people

no slant

- logical, practical, pragmatic / sentimental, outgoing

IN

- like / don’t like being overwhelmed

N

Slanting of words

wide spacing between words

VA

Spacing between words

A childlike curiosity, visionary

2 right over the i

B self-critical, little patience for inadequacy

3 slash the i’s

C detail-oriented, organized, empathetic

4 circle the i’s

D having a great imagination

2

ex em

1

1 way above the i

pl

Dots on i’s

aa r©

c Match a number from the left column to a letter from the right column.

Crosses on t’s

jk

1

in

4

1 at the top

A lack of determination

2 in the middle

B good self-esteem, ambitious, set big goals for yourself

3 long crosses

C determined, enthusiastic, stubborn

4 extremely short

D confident, comfortable in your skin

2

3

4

d Choose the correct option.

ki

3

Type of margins

narrow left margin

- You base most of your actions and views on past experiences / what you feel like doing now.

wide left margin

- You keen to move on from your past / look back to the past. - You embrace the future / are afraid of the - You are open / not open to new experiences.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

fifteen

future.

15


Type of margins

narrow right margin

- You tend to look back to the past / embrace the future. - You are sociable / introspective. - You are stubborn / adaptable. - You are enthusiastic / cautious about the

IN

wide right margin

future.

- You prefer the stability you have now / are visionary.

N

3 What does your handwriting say about your personality, according to the video?

aa r©

VA

4 Which words were used in the video to describe personality? Complete the alphabet table with adjectives starting with that letter. Leave the grey boxes empty for now.

pragmatic

self-critical

ki

jk

ex em

comfortable

pl

(to set big goals)

in

(to dislike being alone)

visionary introspective sixteen

16

well-adapted

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

SPOKEN INTERACTION


5 Discover more words to describe personality. a Unscramble the words below. If necessary, use a dictionary to look for a word that has the following meaning. Tip: the first letter is printed in bold and is underlined. RCELVE

smart, intelligent, quick to understand

SYNO

being interested in other people’s affairs

IN

KINGDWHAROR always puts a lot of effort and care into their work gives people more of their time or money than is usual or expected

SSBOY

enjoys telling people what to do

AVBRE

shows no fear of dangerous or difficult things

NEHOST

good and truthful; doesn’t lie, steal, or cheat

ZYLA

unwilling to work or use energy

KATITALVE

talks a lot, and often too much

NDKI

friendly and caring towards others

AIVN

very proud of or concerned about how you look, what you are good at etc.

RESSAGGIVE

always looks for a fight or a quarrel

LIREALEB

able to be trusted

UMGRPY

easily irritated, in a bad mood

VESISENTI

easily hurt emotionally, aware of other people’s feelings

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

SENEGROU

HOW TO find information on the internet

STRATEGY

If you have to find specific information online, there are a few steps that you can follow. For more information, check the tips in the Summary on p. 53. See p. 53

b Fill in the words you unscrambled in the grey boxes in exercise 4.

jk

6 Find someone who…

SPOKEN INTERACTION

ki

a You will get a worksheet. Walk around the classroom and look for a person who likes that kind of activity or who has that kind of personality. Fill in their names in the middle column.

c Complete the 3rd column with an appropriate word. Choose words from exercises 4 and 5. d Check diddit for more exercises on this topic.

seventeen

in

b Interview at least 8 different people.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

17


3 ⁄ Couch potato or busy beaver?

the salt

a couch

a nosy

to have a short

a big

a busy

to wear your heart

to wear

to be pig-

don’t be

to reach for the

on your sleeve

of gold

the trousers

the ears

beaver

moon

headed

parker

alec

chicken

fuse

of the earth

VA

2

wet behind

mouth

potato

3

5

6

8

9

ki

jk

ex em

4

pl

aa r©

1

a smart

N

to have a heart

IN

1 Instead of saying that someone is ‘shy’, you can call them a ‘wallflower’ or ‘quiet as a mouse’. Using idioms such as these boosts and enriches your English. Which other idioms are pictured below? Match words from the first box with words from the second box to find the correct idiom.

in

7

eighteen

18

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


11

12

14

aa r©

VA

13

N

IN

10

2 What do the idioms in exercise 1 mean? Match them to the correct meaning.

a

B

a person who is generally respected because they are so honest, reliable and good

D

C

a childlike, innocent and naive person

ex em

pl

to be stupidly stubborn

F

E

to be very kind and generous

G

a person that gets aggressive or angry very easily

H a very lazy person

a sentimental person that expresses feelings rather than hiding them

someone who tries to appear clever and therefore annoys other people

J

I

ki

jk

to be bossy, in control of the situation and to make the decisions

in

L

C

N

M

to be brave and not a coward

B

to be determined and ambitious

a hardworking person

a person who is very talkative and often reveals personal or confidential information to other people

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N nineteen

A

K

a person who is curious, nosy and interested in what other people are doing and wanting to discover too much about them

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

19


3 Complete the sentences with a fitting idiom or complete the idiom. 1 Why doesn’t Ben mind his own business? He’s such a

, always

interested in what is going on. 2 I don’t think I’ve ever met anyone as lazy as Harper. Such a

! She got mad for no reason at all!

IN

3 Oh my, Taylor really does have a

.

4 Nisrine is incredibly sweet, honest and good! That girl really is the

.

5 It’s no use trying to change Fanny’s mind. That girl is extremely

.

N

A stubborn mule. 6 – Hey, have you met the new guy yet? – Yeah. He’s definitely

, he’ll have to learn quickly or get a

new job, I’m afraid. 7 She was wearing

VA

when she wrote that song.

aa r©

She exposed her true emotions in the lyrics. 8 Ugh. The kid in the front row is such a and clever. 9 Don’t sell yourself short!

10 Don’t tell your secrets to Bob! He’s such a

pl

information to himself.

ex em

HOW TO study vocabulary and grammar

, always trying to be funny

and follow your ambitions! ; he’ll never keep that

STRATEGY

If you have to study a lot of vocabulary and grammar in a new language, there are a few tips you can follow.

See p. 54

4 You are going to describe a classmate using idioms.

speaking

in

ki

jk

a Preparation: picture 1 person that everyone in your class should know. Write down at least 5 idioms that fit or – quite the opposite – don’t fit that person. Make a few notes below. Be nice.

b Action: describe that person to the rest of the class or a group of classmates. Explain why you chose those idioms to describe that person.

twenty

20

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


c Reflection: reflect on your speaking skills by filling in the checklist below. Checklist: describing a classmate

Yes

I think so No

1 Content and structure • I used at least 5 appropriate/relevant idioms. • I explained why I chose those idioms.

N

IN

2 Language • I used the correct words. • I explained the idioms correctly. • I used correct basic grammar. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

VA

Feedback

aa r©

CHECK 1, see p. 57

STEP 2 ⁄ Old habits die hard Talking about routines and (bad) habits 1 ⁄ Stuck in a rut

12 1 a.m.

eat

school

ex em

sleep

pl

1 Before you start reading, think about how you spend an average day (24 hours). a Colour your personal chart. Look at the legend.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

study

internet

9 10 11 12 1 p.m.

2

3

SPOKEN INTERACTION

hobbies

exercise/ sports

4

7

5

6

8

other

9 10 11 12 a.m.

b Find a partner and tell them all about it.

jk

2 Scan the text on p. 23 and answer these questions.

reading

ki

a What is the source?

in

b What types of written texts can you find on the website?

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

twenty-one

c What do you know about the author of the text?

21


d What kind of text is it? e Do you think the text will have a positive or a negative ring to it? Why do you think so?

IN

f Are there any words in the text you don’t understand? Mark them. Can you figure out the meaning of these words by looking at the context? g What does the perfect boy look like, in her opinion?

N

VA

STRATEGY

aa r©

HOW TO deal with difficult words in a text

ex em

pl

1 Don’t stop reading when there is a word you do not understand. 2 Look for images. 3 Look for: synonyms – examples – a definition – a description – a word with the opposite meaning in the same sentence/paragraph. 4 Do you recognize parts of the word? – Is it a composition (e.g. sweatpants)? – Does the word have a prefix (un-/in-/il-/ir-/...) or a suffix (-able/-ful/-ion/…)? 5 Ask a peer, a parent or your teacher to explain it. 6 Consult a dictionary. See p. 55

3 Now read the text in full.

reading

a Which routine actions did the girl not describe? Cross them out. G have breakfast

B take a shower

H pack schoolbag

C make up face

I put on shoes

D brush hair

J say bye to mum

E put in contact lenses

K go to the bathroom

ki

jk

A drink a glass of juice

in

F pick out clothes for the day

L pluck eyebrows

b Put the remaining routine actions in the right order. 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

c What does the girl hope will break the routine cycle? twenty-two

22

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


Poetry / Fiction / Nonfiction / Reviews

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ROUTINE By Cameandgonesmarty, North Vancouver, Canada

15

IN

N

ex em

20

Forum

VA

10

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aa r©

5

Every morning, I start my day with the same routine: I get up and go to the bathroom, brush my teeth, and then pick out an outfit for the day. Picking up my contacts, I head back to my mirror, earbuds in and blasting loud, and put the contacts in place, right eye first and followed by the left. I pluck my eyebrows to perfection, and then put on my eyeliner and mascara, and go to my room to pack my bag for the day. Afterward, I head to the kitchen to eat breakfast, put on my shoes, and head out the door, earbuds still in. This is the way it’s always been, and I’m afraid that this is all there’ll ever be. Just once, I want to head to my locker in the morning, reaching for a notebook, and catch someone glancing at me. Just once, I want a guy I’ve never talked to before to approach me, ask me my name, show some interest. Maybe he could walk me to class, if that’s not asking for too much. Does it even matter what ‘type’ of guy he is? No, it doesn’t! I couldn’t care less if he was a tall jock with blue eyes and tanned skin, built and strong, or a quiet, poetic type with deep brown eyes and a crooked smile you only get to see if you get close enough, or catch him reading his favourite book. Maybe he’s a gamer, who wears sweatpants to school every day, and mountain bikes in his spare time, or he could even be a suit-loving, family guy who would rather spend some quiet time at home rather than go out and get drunk on a weekend night. It doesn’t even matter. It doesn’t matter at all. I just want someone to break my cycle – to interrupt this non-stop repetition. I’m tired of hearing the same songs every day – I’m tired of laughing at the same jokes, sitting in the same spot for lunch every afternoon, waking up to the same routine, that same face staring back at me as I put my contacts in in the morning. I just want someone to come into my life and change it – is that too much to ask?

pl

1

25

ki

jk

30

Source: www.teenink.com

in

4 After reading the text, discuss with a partner.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Do you recognize yourself in the routine the girl has described? b What would you do if you were in her shoes?

a Which tense did the author use to talk about her daily routine? Give a few examples. Highlight them.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

twenty-three

5 Look at the text and pay attention to the grammar.

23


b Which auxiliary verb is used in negative sentences and questions? Highlight examples in the text. c Which verb does not have this auxiliary verb in negative sentences and questions? Give an example from the text.

IN

d Complete the tables below with the rules on how to form the present simple tense. Form of present simple (e.g. to think) Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

N

Subject 1st p. sing.

VA

2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing.

aa r©

1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur. 3rd p. plur.

pl

Rule:

Form of ‘to be’ in present simple Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

ex em

Subject 1st p. sing.

2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur.

2nd p. plur.

ki

jk

3rd p. plur.

GRAMMAR

in

HOW TO talk about states, facts and routines

In the Summary of this unit you can find more information about the present simple tense: – how to talk about states, facts and routines; – how to talk about what you own (the verbs ‘to have’ and ‘to have got’). – how to pronounce the 3rd person singular.

See p. 43

twenty-four

24

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


6 How do you pronounce the 3rd person singular form? a Does it end in /s/, /ɪz/ or /z/? Listen to the recording.

listening

b Write down the verb form in the corresponding column. c Afterwards, compare your answers with a partner. /z/

IN

/ɪz/

aa r©

VA

N

/s/

7 Fill in the correct verb forms in these sentences. Careful: you will need to fill in the 3rd person singular! 1 Every morning, she          (to start) her day with the same routine.

pl

She          (to get up) and         (to go) to the bathroom and          (to brush) her teeth.

ex em

2 After she          (to pick) an outfit for the day, she          (to pluck) her eyebrows to perfection and          (to put) on eyeliner and mascara.

3 The girl just          (to want) a boy to approach her and talk to her.

4 It               (not to matter) what type of boy it          (to be). 5 She          (to be) tired of laughing at the same jokes.

reading

jk

8 Read the extract from the young adult novel Every Day by David Levithan and answer the questions.

Every day a different body. Every day a different life. Every day in love with the same girl. There’s never any warning about where it will be or who it will be. A has made peace with that, even established guidelines by which to live: never get too attached. Avoid being noticed. Do not interfere. It’s all fine until the morning that A wakes up in the body of Justin and meets Justin’s girlfriend, Rhiannon. From that moment, the rules by which A has been living no longer apply. Because finally A has found someone A wants to be with – day in, day out, day after day.

Source: www.goodreads.com

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

twenty-five

in

ki

EVERY DAY (DAVID LEVITHAN)

25


a Fill in the correct form of the present simple tense.

Day 5994

15

IN

The alarm will go off in seven minutes. I’m never the same person twice, but I’ve certainly been this type before. Clothes everywhere. Far more video games than books. Sleeps in his boxers. From the taste of his mouth, a smoker. But not so addicted that he (7 to need) one as soon as he (8 to wake) up. ‘Good morning, Justin,’ I say. Checking out his voice. Low. The voice in my head is always different. Justin (9 not to take) care of himself. His scalp (10 to itch). His eyes (11 not to want) to open. He hasn’t gotten much sleep. Already I know I’m not going to like today. It’s hard being in the body of someone you (12 not to like), because you still have to respect it. I’ve harmed people’s lives in the past, and I’ve found that every time I slip up, it (13 to haunt) me. So I (14 to try) to be careful. From what I can tell, every person I (15 to inhabit) is the same age as me. I (16 not to hop) from being sixteen to being sixty. Right now, it’s only sixteen. I (17 not to know) how this works. Or why. I stopped trying to figure it out a long time ago. I’m never going to figure it out, any more than a normal person will figure out his or her own existence. After a while, you have to be at peace with the fact that you simply are. There is no way to know why. You can have theories, but there will never be proof. I can access facts, not feelings. I (18 to know) this is Justin’s room, but I have no idea if he likes it or not. (19 he / to want) to kill his parents in the next room? Or would he be lost without his mother coming in to make sure he’s awake? It’s impossible to tell. It’s as if that part of me

ex em

pl

20

N

10

VA

5

I (1 to wake up). Immediately I have to figure out who I (2 to be). It’s not just the body – opening my eyes and discovering whether the skin on my arm is light or dark, whether my hair is long or short, whether I’m fat or thin, boy or girl, scarred or smooth. The body is the easiest thing to adjust to, if you’re used to waking up in a new one each morning. It’s the life, the context of the body, that can be hard to grasp. Every day I am someone else. I am myself – I know I am myself – but I am also someone else. It has always been like this. The information (3 to be) there. I wake up, open my eyes, understand that it is a new morning, a new place. The biography (4 to kick) in, a welcome gift from the not-me part of the mind. Today I am Justin. Somehow, I (5 to know) this – my name is Justin – and at the same time I know that I’m not really Justin, I’m only borrowing his life for a day. I (6 to look) around and know that this is his room. This is his home.

aa r©

1

25

ki

jk

30

in

35

40

twenty-six

26

(20 to replace) the same part of whatever person I’m in. And while I’m glad to be thinking like myself, a hint every now and then of how the other person

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


60

IN

N

55

VA

50

Source: David Levithan, Every day, p. 1-3

aa r©

45

(21 to think) would be helpful. We all contain mysteries, especially when seen from the inside. The alarm (22 to go) off. I reach for a shirt and some jeans, but something lets me see that it’s the same shirt he wore yesterday. I (23 to pick) a different shirt. I take the clothes with me to the bathroom, dress after showering. His parents (24 to be) in the kitchen now. They have no idea that anything is different. Sixteen years is a lot of time to practise. I (25 not to make / usually) mistakes. Not anymore. I (26 to read) his parents easily: Justin (27 not to talk) to them much in the morning, so I (28 not to have to) talk to them. I have grown accustomed to sensing expectation in others, or the lack of it. I shovel down some cereal, (29 to leave) the bowl in the sink without washing it, (30 to grab) Justin’s keys and go. Yesterday I was a girl in a town I’d guess to be two hours away. The day before, I was a boy in a town three hours farther than that. I am already forgetting their details. I have to, or else I will never remember who I really am.

b Now answer these questions about the text. Use full sentences. 1 Who does A wake up as?

ex em

pl

2 Is A a boy?

3 Can A access feelings when he is inside a body?

4 Who decides which body A wakes up in?

GRAMMAR

jk

HOW TO ask questions

There are different types of questions you can ask. For more information about how to ask

ki

questions in the present simple, check diddit.

in

9 Make question word questions with the following words. 1 What school / Justin / to go to?

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

twenty-seven

2 When / alarm / to go off?

27


3 Where / to be / Justin’s parents? 4 Who / A / to meet / when he is in the body of Justin?

IN

5 Why / A / to forget / the details / of all the previous persons’ bodies? 10 Make subject questions with the following words.

N

1 Who / to decide / which body A wakes up in?

2 What / to kick in / as soon as A wakes up?

aa r©

3 What / to happen / when A meets Rhiannon?

VA

4 Who / to be / in the next room?

5 Who / not / to have / a clue / about the situation?

pl

11 Play the Jeopardy game.

ex em

12 Imagine you get the chance to meet A. What would you ask them? Think of 3 questions. Then share with a partner.

13 Discuss with a partner.

jk

a If A was a real person, would they be a girl or a boy? What makes you think so?

b Imagine you wake up in a new body every single day. Would you like it or not? Why (not)?

ki

c Whose body would you like to wake up in? Why?

in

Did you know?

twenty-eight

28

In English ‘they’, ‘them’, their’ and ‘theirs’ sometimes refer to the singular. It replaces ‘he’ and ‘she’ when we do not know the gender of the antecedent – the word the pronoun refers to – or when this is not important or non-binary. ‘They’, ‘them’, ‘their’ and ‘theirs’ are often used as gender-neutral words. This is nothing new. In fact, the Oxford English Dictionary mentions that singular ‘they’ already existed in 1375, where it appears in the medieval romance William and the Werewolf. Source: htts://public.oed.com

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

SPOKEN INTERACTION SPOKEN INTERACTION

SPOKEN INTERACTION


14 Imagine you wake up in a new body every single day. Describe your morning routine as if you were that person.

writing

a Preparation: choose a (famous?) person. Think about possible morning routines. b Action: describe your morning routine in 10 sentences. Describe what you do and don’t do. Write your text using the 1st person singular and the 3rd person singular (like in the extract).

IN

N

VA

aa r©

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Share your text with your partner. Checklist: daily routine

Yes

I think so No

ex em

pl

1 Content and structure • I wrote 10 sentences. • I described someone’s routine: the things they do every day. • I also described what they do not do. 2 Language • I used the present simple in the positive form correctly. • I used the present simple in the negative form correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

twenty-nine

in

ki

jk

Feedback

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

29


2 ⁄ Bad habits 1 Do you know what a bad habit is? Can you define it? Use words from the list below in your definition. a bad effect – to break – to control – often

IN

N

VA

2 Read through the strategies in the box below before watching the video.

STRATEGY

HOW TO listen/watch more effectively

pl

aa r©

1 Read through the questions before you even start to listen/watch. 2 Make sure you understand all of the questions. If not, ask your teacher to explain what you don’t understand. 3 Highlight the most important part of the question. 4 Do you understand what the goal of this exercise is? – Do you have to listen for main ideas? – Do you have to listen for details? – Do you have to draw a conclusion? 5 Make sure you know how often you will be able to watch/listen to the extract. See p. 56 6 Take only short notes (keywords) if necessary and use a pencil!

WATCHING

ex em

3 Watch the video and answer the following questions. a Cross out the keywords on the BINGO! chart below if they are mentioned in the video. Tip 1: read dopamine: a hormone that is made naturally in the body; it is known as the feel-good neurotransmitter a trigger: an event or situation, etc. that causes something to start

jk

through the list of words before watching the video. Tip 2: there are 15 words to cross out! B

N

G

O

unlearn

behaviour

dopamine

can't leave your phone alone

trigger

procrastination

picking your nose

crave

fixed pathways

smoking

’we first make our habits’

slurping your food

’and then our habits make us’

desperate

turn off notifications

repetitions

new traces in your brain

fingernails

solution

sugar

every morning

cracking knuckles

habit loop

enjoy

reward

ki

in

I

thirty

30

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


© youtube.com/sproutsvideos

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

b Watch the video again. Put the screenshots in the right order of appearance. Number them from 1 to 8. Then match the explanations to the corresponding pictures: write the letters A-H under the correct screenshots.

A A habit is often a response to a certain trigger, which follows a routine and usually ends with a reward. This is also called a habit loop. B And because rewards release dopamine, a neurotransmitter that makes our brain first happy and then hooked, we get stuck and can’t let go anymore.

jk

C Some habits are tricky. Procrastination for example. There is no clear trigger, routine or reward. It just happens. D A habit is a fixed way of thinking that leads to automatic behavior. The benefit is we don’t have to rethink again and again what to do.

F A bad habit can also hurt us or hold us back from progressing. Although, like anything, we can learn and unlearn them. G If a problem gets very serious, remove the trigger. Stop buying movie tickets. H After a few days of this routine, farmer Joe’s trace becomes more visible on his farm. After a few months, the trace becomes fixed pathways. Not only on his farm, but also inside his brain.

thirty-one

in

ki

E If we can’t leave our phone alone, we can turn off all the notifications.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

31


4 What are your bad habits? a First describe the bad habits you see in the pictures. b Then tick the boxes of the bad habits you have.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

11

VA

N

IN

1

aa r©

9

ex em

pl

12

1 2

13

3 4 5

jk

6 7

14

ki

8

in

9

10 11 12 13

thirty-two

32

15

14 15

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

c Share your (bad) habits with a partner. Do you have the same or different (bad) habits?

GRAMMAR

N

HOW TO say how often something happens

VA

When talking about habits, you will often use adverbs of frequency or phrases of time. Check

the HOW TO (How to say how often something happens) on diddit if you need more information on where to put these adverbs and phrases in a sentence.

CHECK 2, see p. 64

aa r©

e.g. I am often late for school. Do you sometimes bite your nails?

ex em

pl

STEP 3 ⁄ What do you like? Talking about hobbies and actions going on now 1 ⁄ #myhobby

1 Discuss with a partner.

What do you do in your free time? Is taking selfies a hobby? How many selfies do you take on average (per day, per week)? Do you share your selfies with friends? Which app do you use most often (to change or share your selfies)?

thirty-three

in

ki

jk

a b c d e

SPOKEN INTERACTION

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

33


2 Do you agree with these statements? Tick the right box. Find a partner and discuss your answers. Use the expressions in the Summary on p. 45.

2

Getting as many likes as possible is important to me.

3

There is no such thing as ‘too many selfies’.

4

Sometimes people could like other people less because of selfies.

5

I know my best angle.

6

It is OK to screenshot my friends’ snapchats.

7

Duck faces are so out.

8

Selfies are usually taken by vain people (= always thinking about their own appearance).

9

I like taking #uglyselfies.

10

I often add a good caption or quote to my selfies when I post them online.

N

I am a #selfieaddict.

I don’t know

ex em

pl

aa r©

1

I disagree

IN

I agree

VA

Statement

SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Have a look at the (mostly) selfies below. a Which hobby do you recognize in each picture? Use a verb in the -ing form.

in

ki

beauty blogging

thirty-four

34

2

4

3

5

6

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

© Holli / Shutterstock.com

jk

1


8

9

10

11

12

aa r©

14

15

17

18

19

20

ki

jk

ex em

16

pl

13

in

VA

N

IN

7

SPOKEN INTERACTION

thirty-five

b Do you do any of the hobbies listed above? Tick the boxes. Report back to the class.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

35


4 What are these people in the selfie doing? Follow the example, by asking and answering questions about the photos.

2

N

IN

1

(to take a nap?)

(to eat a burger?)

VA

Are they eating a burger? No, they’re not eating a burger.

aa r©

They are eating pizza.

4

ex em

pl

3

(to smile / to hug?)

jk

(to surf?)

in

ki

5 Do you remember? What is the tense in exercise 4 called?

thirty-six

36

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


6 Use the answers in exercise 4 to fill in the table about the present continuous tense. Form of present continuous Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

I am enjoying.

I      /      enjoying.

2nd p. sing.

You are enjoying.

You      /      enjoying.

3rd p. sing.

He/she/it    enjoying.

He/she/it is not / isn’t enjoying.

1st p. plur.

We    enjoying.

We are not / aren’t enjoying.

Rule:

Subject +

in

VA

3rd p. plur.

Are they enjoying?

Subject +

+

in

in

+

+

7 Complete the grammar box.

pl

HOW TO talk about actions going on now

ex em

To talk about actions going on now we use the She is taking a nap.

+

enjoying?

Are you enjoying?

aa r©

2nd p. plur.

enjoying?

N

1st p. sing.

IN

Subject

subject +

GRAMMAR :

+          +

No, they are not surfing. –

+          +

Are they eating a burger? ?

+       +

+

See p. 43

jk

8 Fill in the verb in the correct form of the present continuous. 1 Josue

2 Idris

(not to use) Facetime anymore. He is all over Zoom these days.

3 What

(you to do)? Don’t tag the teacher in that Instagram post!

ki

in

(to text) his best friend to meet up at the skatepark.

4 I

(not to take) down that post about the party yesterday.

5 Ugh! The teacher always notices when we

(to cheat) using our

phones. We’ll have to find another way...

speaking thirty-seven

9 Play the relay game.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

37


2 ⁄ It’s just me, myself and I 1 Look at this short text and then complete the sentences below. Fill in the hobby that is being described too! This is me taking art classes.

IN

That’s my latest creation in the background. I painted it. The painting is mine.

bike? I want to go

anywhere! My brother probably took 2 Where’s Mona? She’s probably

.

with

friends online. Or is

taking a

aa r©

again? That girl is always sleepy. 3 For

, but I can’t find it

VA

1 Where’s

N

I painted it myself.

there really isn’t anything better than snuggling up on the couch and a book for hours on end. It’s

favourite pastime.

4 Kit and Nandita have been able to make breakfast for

ever since

passion. 5 Jax is addicted to

phone. He’s been

ex em

for hours again.

is

pl

were little.

6 Samantha took a nice picture of

using

smartphone. Maybe her obsession with selfies made

take

classes.

7 I don’t like being home all by

. I’d rather be

jk

and having a good laugh

together.

ki

8 Nanou’s new hobby is dressing up as Harley Quinn,

favourite DC

in

Comics character. She’s really into

9 Did you do

. make up

? You should start

, because

’re so good at

!

10 Are Peter and Noah at the gym again? They really do love . They take good care of thirty-eight

38

bodies, don’t

11 My best friends’ 6-year-old daughter Liz is super creative. or

? ’s always doing

or something.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


2 Complete the grammar box with the correct pronoun.

Subject

Possessive adjectives and pronouns Possessive adjectives

Object

I

me

my

You

you

your

He

his her

It

it

his

her its

you

They e.g. My parents gave it to ME.

e.g. This is MY dog.

e.g. The dog is MINE.

e.g. I didn’t buy it MYSELF.

aa r©

e.g. I have a dog.

VA

We You

Reflexive pronouns

N

She

Possessive pronouns

IN

Personal pronouns

Did you know?

pl

Pronouns are words that replace nouns. Gender pronouns are used in place of a person’s name. Some languages, such as English, do not have a gender neutral or third gender pronoun. They are binary (‘he’/‘she’). But only using ‘he’ and ‘she’ in English does not leave room for other gender identities. To encourage greater equality, people have tried to create gender neutral pronouns in English. Note that the list below is not complete, but a good place to start. OBJECT

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

POSSESSIVE PRONOUN

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN

e/ey

em

eir

eirs

eirself

he

him

his

his

himself

[name]

[name]

[name]’s

[name]’s

[name]’s self

per

per

pers

pers

perself

she

her

her

hers

herself

sie

sir

hir

hirs

hirself

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

ve

ver

vis

vers

verself

zie

zim

zir

zirs

zirself

in

ki

jk

ex em

SUBJECT

Adapted from: https://uwm.edu

SPOKEN INTERACTION

thirty-nine

3 Find a partner. Play the Pronoun snap! game.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

39


© PJ_Photography / Shutterstock.com

4 Read the following sentences from exercise 1. Study the underlined words and complete the rules in the grammar box below.

N

IN

Nanou’s new hobby is dressing up as Harley Quinn, her favourite DC Comics character. She’s really into cosplaying.

aa r©

VA

Jax is addicted to his phone. He’s been surfing the web for hours again.

pl

My best friends’ 6-year-old daughter Liz is super creative.

GRAMMAR

ex em

HOW TO form plural, possessive and contracted verb forms Spelling: ’s, -s or -s’

1/ ’s can express 2 things: • the genitive or

form

e.g. Nanou’s new hobby = the new hobby of Nanou

• it can be part of a contracted verb, the short form of

He’s been surfing the web. = He has.

ki

2/ -s expresses the

in

.

e.g. She’s really into cosplaying. = She is.

jk

or

of nouns:

e.g. DC Comics

for hours

3/ -s’ is the genitive or

form and

combined:

e.g. my best friends’ 6-year-old daughter

Note: it is possible, especially with older or classical names, to just add the apostrophe ’.

e.g. Jesus’ name

See p. 47

forty

40

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


5 You are going to watch a LineUp video in which people match owners and pets.

WATCHING

a First, complete the sentences you will hear in the video. Use correct pronouns and ’s / -s. – Do people look like

pets?

– How about snake people? –

’re a little

IN

creepy. – Enter Nugget, a doe (a female goat)

Maybe you went to a petting zoo and

saw

what

want. And here

This is Nugget

I think

are.

owner. ’re

VA

that

N

a goat and you said: Mom, Dad,

mom.

– Enter Teddy, the hedgehog (male) I don’t like rodents and I think this is one of

Oh, that is definitely

Okay, so talk to

, right?

aa r©

. No hesitation. (Talking about a woman holding Teddy.)

like he did something really good.

won the race.

– Enter Wilbert, the boar (a male pig)

This is definitely not somebody

Whoa, that’s not

! (Talking about a man holding Wilbert.)

pl

That

pig.

ex em

– Enter the parrot

first pet.

’m gonna pass the bird off, see how well

Oh, that is definitely

handle

.

parrot!

– Enter Hades, the snake (male) – Maybe he

strong.

don’t want him on

Whoa, this thing is trying to kill

!

’m sorry, but f---ing weirdo

jk

own snake

are offbeat;

ki

– Snake owner

!

.

’re maybe like the weirdo

of the world.

in

– Enter Boomie, the bearded dragon (female)

I think then this is Boomie

owner.

This seems like a very edgy pet, and

The hedgehog is

looks very edgy.

. – Nope. (Talking to one of the owners.)

forty-one

b Watch the first part of the video and check your answers.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

41


c Guess which pet belongs to which owner. Discuss with a partner.

2

3

4

5

6

Nugget, the goat

Teddy, the hedgehog

E

the parrot

Hades, the snake

ex em

1

2

Wilbert, the pig

F

pl

D

C

VA

B

aa r©

A

N

IN

1

3

4

Boomy, the bearded dragon 5

6

d Watch the last part of the video where the pets are reunited with their right owners and check your answers for exercise c.

e Report back to the class about your guesses and the outcomes. Were you right or wrong?

jk

Which pet actually belonged to whom?

in

ki

CHECK 3, see p. 76

forty-two

42

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

speaking


SUMMARY

IN

(Present simple and present continuous)

GRAMMAR

HOW TO talk about facts, routines and actions going on now Gia is such a big mouth. She never keeps her mouth shut. Look! What is she telling Tatiana now?

1 Present simple

pl

aa r©

VA

N

No, Gia is really kind and generous. She is probably just explaining the exercise.

ex em

FORM

Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

1st p. sing. 2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur. 3rd p. plur.

I live in Belgium. You live in Belgium. He/she lives in Belgium. We live in Belgium. You live in Belgium. They live in Belgium.

I don’t live in Belgium. You don’t live in Belgium. He/she doesn’t live in Belgium. We don’t live in Belgium. You don’t live in Belgium. They don’t live in Belgium.

Do I live in Belgium? Do you live in Belgium? Does she live in Belgium? Do we live in Belgium? Do you live in Belgium? Do they live in Belgium?

Rule:

Subject + base of verb

Subject + don’t/doesn’t + base of verb Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: doesn’t

Do/does + subject + base of verb Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: does

Keep in mind: 3rd pers. sing: + -s

USE

We use the present simple to talk about – habits and routines. In this case, we often use words like ‘normally’, ‘usually’, ‘always’, ‘often’, etc. e.g. In Scandinavia, it usually snows in winter. – facts. e.g. It rains a lot in Belgium.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

forty-three #

in

ki

jk

Subject

43


Watch out for these 2 verbs: • ‘To be’ expresses a state, not an action. ‘To be’ is an exception. It does not have an auxiliary in the negative or interrogative form: FORM Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

1st p. sing.

I am.

I am not. (I’m not.)

Am I?

2nd p. sing.

You are.

You are not (aren’t).

Are you?

3rd p. sing.

He/she/it is.

He is not (isn’t).

Is he?

1st p. plur.

We are.

We are not (aren’t).

Are we?

2nd p. plur.

You are.

You are not (aren’t).

Are you?

3rd p. plur.

They are.

They are not (aren’t).

Are they?

N

IN

Subject

VA

• The verb ‘to have’ is irregular in the positive form (3rd person singular): he/she/it has. When we are talking about possession, relationships or characteristics of people or things, we can use the verb ‘to have’, but also ‘have got’. Check diddit for more information. PRONUNCIATION OF 3RD PERSON SINGULAR

If the last phoneme of the verb is /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/ or /T/, the ending is pronounced /s/.

aa r©

/Iz/

/s/

If the last phoneme of the verb is /s/, /z/, /t‘/ (e.g. watches), /d“/ (e.g. charges), /‘/ (e.g. washes), or /“/ (e.g.sabotages),

/z/

If the last phoneme of the verb is a vowel, a diphthong, /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /ð/ (e.g. breathes), /m/, /n/, /4/ (e.g. sings) or /l/, the ending is pronounced /z/.

pl

the ending is pronounced / Iz/.

ex em

Note: • a phoneme = a sound or a group of different sounds (‘een spraakklank’) • a diphthong = a sound formed by the combination of 2 vowels in a single syllable (‘een tweeklank’)

2 Present continuous

Positive (+)

jk

Subject

Negative (-)

Question (?)

1st p. sing. 2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur. 3rd p. plur.

I am talking. You are talking. He/she is talking. We are talking. You are talking. They are talking.

I am not / ’m not talking. You are not / aren’t talking. He/she is not / isn’t talking. We are not / aren’t talking. You are not / aren’t talking. They are not / aren’t talking.

Am I talking? Are you talking? Is he/she talking? Are we talking? Are you talking? Are they talking?

Rule:

Subject + ‘to be’ in present simple + verb in -ing form

Subject + ‘to be’ negative in present simple + verb in -ing form

‘to be’ in present simple + subject + verb in -ing form

ki

in

FORM

forty-four #

44

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


Spelling of the -ing form: -ing form

Rule:

to work

working

We add -ing to the base form of the verb.

to take

taking

If a verb ends in -e, we drop the -e and then add -ing.

to jog

jogging

If a verb is short and ends in 1 vowel and 1 consonant, we double the consonant.

dying

If a verb ends in -ie, we replace the -ie by -y and then add -ing.

to travel

travelling

If a verb (even long verbs) ends in 1 vowel + -l, we USE

VA

double the -l and then add -ing.

N

to die

IN

Infi nitive

aa r©

We use the present continuous to talk about – actions going on now. e.g. Look, the sun is shining. – changing situations. e.g. Temperatures are rising, and our Earth is getting warmer.

Now

Past

Future

ex em

pl

is shining are rising

HOW TO express likes and dislikes FORM

ki

jk

verb + verb in the -ing form

USE Positive (+)

Negative (-)

I love swimming. I like skiing. I hate getting up early.

I don’t love snowboarding. I don’t like skating. I don’t mind doing the dishes.

I love cupcakes. I like ice cream. I hate the rain.

I don’t love chips. I don’t like cupcakes. I don’t mind the snow.

forty-five #

in

verb + noun

(Verbs followed by nouns and gerunds)

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

45


HOW TO refer to people and things

(Personal pronouns)

Milo is my dog. I love him. He’s mine!

Is that your dog?

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

No, that’s Milo. It’s his.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Subject pronoun

Possessive pronoun

Object pronoun

Reflexive pronoun

… my dog Milo.

Milo is mine.

Milo misses me when I’m gone.

I feed Milo myself.

You love …

… your dog.

Milo is yours.

Milo misses you when you’re gone.

You feed Milo yourself.

He loves …

… his dog.

Milo is his.

She loves …

… her dog.

Milo is hers.

He feeds Milo himself. She feeds Milo herself.

It is showing …

… its teeth.

/

Milo misses him when he’s gone. Milo misses her when she’s gone. I would never adopt it.

We love …

… our dog.

Milo is ours.

Milo misses us when we’re gone.

We feed Milo ourselves.

You love …

… your dog.

Milo is yours.

Milo misses you when you’re gone.

You feed Milo yourselves.

They love …

… their dog.

Milo is theirs.

Milo misses them when they’re gone.

They feed Milo themselves.

jk

I love …

ki

in forty-six #

46

Possessive adjective

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


HOW TO form plural, possessive and contracted verb forms

This is my best friends’ 12-year-old son Jax. He’s addicted to gaming. He’s been playing for hours now.

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

Nanou’s new hobby is dressing up as Harley Quinn, her favourite DC Comics character. She’s really into cosplaying.

IN

(‘s/-s/-s’)

FORM & USE

jk

1 ’s can express 2 things: • the genitive or possessive form e.g. Nanou’s new hobby = the new hobby of Nanou • It can be part of a contracted verb, the short form of ‘is’ or ‘has’. e.g. She’s really into cosplaying. = She is. He’s been surfing the web. = He has.

3 -s’ is the genitive or possessive form and plural combined: e.g. My best friends’ 6-year-old daughter Note: It is possible, especially with older or classical names, to just add the apostrophe ’. e.g. Jesus’ name forty-seven #

in

ki

2 -s expresses the plural of nouns: e.g. DC Comics for hours

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

47


flexibel, bereid zich aan te passen

aggressive

agressief, opvliegend

ambitious

ambitieus, streverig

bossy

bazig

brave

dapper

cautious

voorzichtig

childlike

kinderlijk, kinderachtig

clever

slim, verstandig

confident

zelfverzekerd, vol vertrouwen

curious

nieuwsgierig

detail-oriented

met oog voor detail

determined

vastberaden

empathetic

empathisch, meelevend

enthusiastic

enthousiast

family-oriented

gezinsgericht, veel belang hechtend aan familie

generous

vrijgevig

grumpy

slechtgezind, chagrijnig

hardworking

hardwerkend

honest

eerlijk

kind

vriendelijk, zachtaardig

lazy

lui

logical

logisch

meticulous

nauwgezet, precies, accuraat

nosy

nieuwsgierig, bemoeiziek

organized

georganiseerd

N

adaptable

IN

My notes

VA

Translation

pl

aa r©

Word

jk

ex em

VOCABULARY

1  PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES

sociaal, makkelijk in de omgang

patient

geduldig

peopleoriented

mensgericht, met aandacht voor de medemens

practical

praktisch

reliable

betrouwbaar

reserved

zwijgzaam, weinig spraakzaam, gereserveerd

in

ki outgoing

forty-eight #

48

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


gevoelig, fijngevoelig

sentimental

sentimenteel, gevoelig

shy

verlegen

sociable

sociaal

stubborn

koppig, eigenwijs

talkative

spraakzaam, praatziek

vain

ijdel

IN

sensitive

Translation

My notes

a big mouth

een grote mond (iemand die dingen soms doorvertelt)

a busy beaver / an eager beaver

een bezige bij (iemand die steeds druk bezig is)

a couch potato

een luierik

a heart of gold

een hart van goud (iemand die vriendelijk en vrijgevig is )

a nosy parker

een bemoeial

a smart alec

een betweter

a wallflower

een muurbloempje (iemand die verlegen en gereserveerd is)

ex em

pl

aa r©

Word

VA

N

2  IDIOMS

the salt of the earth

iemand die eerlijk en betrouwbaar is

to be as quiet as a mouse

zo stil als een muis zijn

to be pig-headed koppig, eigenwijs zijn

een kort lontje hebben, opvliegend zijn

don’t be chicken

Wees niet bang

jk

to have a short fuse

in

ki

to reach for the vastberaden zijn en moon ambitieuze plannen hebben to wear the trousers

de broek dragen (de baas zijn)

to wear your heart on your sleeve

het hart op de tong hebben (je emoties tonen)

forty-nine #

to be wet een onschuldig en naïef behind the ears persoon zijn

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

49


being addicted to TV/mobile phone/internet/video games

always being late

IN

3  BAD HABITS

biting your fingernails

cursing, getting angry in traffic

gossiping

picking your nose

ex em

jk

pl

procrastinating

slouching

not washing your hands

slurping or gobbling your food / bolting down

in

ki

eating too much junk food/ binging

aa r©

cracking knuckles

VA

N

spitting in public

smoking

talking with your mouth full

fifty #

50

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


beauty blogging

(video)chatting/ surfing online

cooking

cycling

aa r©

cosplaying

VA

© Holli / Shutterstock. com

N

IN

4  HOBBIES

doing arts and crafts/ scrapbooking

jk

painting

playing an instrument (the ukulele)

playing sports (basketball)

in

ki

listening to music

hanging out with friends

ex em

(online) gaming/playing videogames

pl

reading

fifty-one #

swimming

shopping

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

51


writing/hand lettering

working out/exercising

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

watching (TV, Netflix)/ bingewatching

IN

travelling

.

taking pictures (photography)

fifty-two #

52

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


1

STRATEGY

HOW TO find information on the internet 2

Use a search engine

Keep it simple!

Use the search suggestions.

3

jobs jobs near me jobs indeed jobs Ireland jobs in Australia

N

Add search items if you don’t find what you are looking for

VA

1st try: job interview

Press Enter to search

2nd try: prepare job interview

aa r©

Use the tabs

e.g. looking for images, news articles, videos and much more

jobs icon

Report offensive query

Start with important words only.

3rd try: how to prepare for a job interview

4

IN

Enter keywords

5 Filter results

e.g. by size, colour, image type …

jobs icon

All  Images News Videos Shopping More Settings Tools

pl

All  Images News Videos Shopping More Settings Tools

ex em

Medium    Type   Time   Usage rights   More tools   Clear

6

jk

Refine your search

in

ki

– Use quotation marks to look for an exact phrase. e.g. "jobs in health care"

– W ord order matters. Google ranks the first word higher than the second, the second more than the third, etc. – Use site: to look on specific sites. e.g. jobs site: nytimes.com → will only search the site of the New York Times

– Use a plus sign (+) or a minus sign (-) to include or exclude words in your results. e.g. summer jobs -babysitting → will search all summer jobs except babysitting

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

fifty-three #

– Use OR to include multiple keywords. e.g. teachers OR doctors → will give you results for one of the 2 jobs

53


HOW TO study vocabulary and grammar LEARNING FROM CONTEXT Word fields

IN

Group words together that belong to the same word field: e.g. outdoor hobbies vs indoor hobbies Make a word list, a word web, an image list ...

Look up unfamiliar words: make sure you understand the definitions of all your new words.

VA

Look for examples: do a simple online search and you will see the word in many different examples or contexts.

N

Understand the definition

e.g.

aa r©

Mind the prefixes and suffixes beauty → act →

act →

beautician actor/actress OR react action

pl

LEARNING FROM REPETITION

ex em

Write individual words down or use the words in your own sentences.

Use flash cards. They are an easy way to review your vocabulary and to separate words into different categories.

Read through your list or look through your word webs. Cover up one half and go through the other half.

jk

Say the word out loud a few times. You can even record yourself or explain the words to other people.

ki

Keep the (difficult) words visible: write them on sticky notes and hang them around your room.

in

LEARNING BY USING MEMORY TRICKS Visual memory? Draw a picture. Auditory memory? Replace the words in a song.

fifty-four #

54

Use mnemonic devices. A mnemonic device is a word/sentence that helps you remember something. e.g. We hear with our ear.

Create associations. e.g. assign a word to each of your friends based on their personalities.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


HOW TO deal with difficult words in a text

!

No, I don’t.

N

Yes, I do

IN

Do you really need the word to understand the sentence?

- an image

I need more information.

aa r©

VA

Look for: - a defi nition - a description - an example

Look for a part of the word you know: - a compound word

pl

e.g. bread + crumbs = breadcrumbs

- a prefi x

e.g. im-, il-, un-, pre- ...

ex em

- a suffi x

e.g. -ion, -ful, -able ...

I get it!

jk

I still don’t understand.

Look up the word.

Read on!

fifty-five #

in

ki

Ask a peer or your teacher.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

55


HOW TO listen/watch more effectively Before listening watching

1

Topic

IN

What do you know about the topic? What words come to mind?

What do you already know about this type of text/video?

VA

What kind of text/video are you going to listen to/watch?

N

Type of text/video

aa r©

Task Do you understand the task? Read through the question and highlight key words.

2 While listening watching

Think ahead: what might happen next? Take short notes.

Listen to the intonation and stress of the speakers.

Ignore the words you think are less important. Focus on key words and facts.

jk

ex em

pl

Focus on what you hear/see

in

ki

After listening watching 3

fifty-six #

56

Check your understanding If possible, listen again to difficult passages. Have you completed the task?

Read your notes.

Have you understood the main points?

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Describing personality

IN

1 What kind of personality do you think the people in the pictures have? a Write short sentences in which you use at least 2 different adjectives to describe their personalities.

2

pl

aa r©

VA

1

N

b Add an appropriate idiom for each person too.

writing

4

Score

<8

8 – 10

> 10

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 2

ex. 6

fifty-seven

in

ki

jk

ex em

3

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

57


2 You are going to describe the personality of pen pals. a Preparation: read the 3 pen pal ads. Pick out 2 that speak to you most. What kind of people do you think they are? For each ad, choose 3 different adjectives that describe the personalities of these people best.

reading

b Action: complete the paragraphs with the adjectives and explain why.

writing

ex em

I think James is

pl

Source: www.penpalsnow.com

aa r©

VA

N

IN

Name: James Jackson Gender: male Age group: 16-18 Country: Scotland (UK) Email address: idontknowwhattocallmyself94@gmail.com Hobbies: Mountaineering, singing, swimming, history, having fun in general :) Hey! James isn’t my real name! Just don’t want to say too much till I get to know you better! I am 17 years of age and still attend high school but am planning to go to University next year. Love learning about other people's cultures and talking to people in general. Have done a bit of travelling myself! I love cricket and swimming and have climbed many Scottish mountains with my clubs. I am only looking for snail mail friends, though. So if you want to send me a letter that would be great as long as you tell me a bit about yourself first, like where you are from, your hobbies, interests, your age and sex, where you live etc and I’ll give you my address. I would love it if you were around my age and I don’t care what sex or what race you are or where you come from. Please do not contact me if you want a relationship or anything of a sinister nature. No spam or anything else please other than open minded individuals who want to find out more about each other and friendship! Sorry but I would like it if you could send the first letter because I have wasted a lot in postage by sending letters to someone who has never replied! Anyway, waiting to hear from you soon, thank you!

He’s

because the ad says he .

because and he must be since

.

in

ki

jk

Name: Billie Stewart Gender: female Age group: 16-18 Country: Birmingham (UK) Email address: BilliejoCleary@yahoo.co.uk Hobbies: emailing, laptops, going out friends, chilling out with friends Penpal message / wishes: Hi ya, I’m Billie I’m 16 years old still at school. I’m doing my A levels. I have a boyfriend who I have been with over a year. Just looking 2 make new friends. I can’t care where you’re from but age between 16 - 30. I love going out with my family & friends, chilling with my friends, going to the pictures. Love spending time with my family & boyfriend. I love meeting new people and helping out people that are less fortunate than myself. I don’t drink, I don’t smoke, I don’t take drugs. 5ft6, dark hair, blue eyes, slim, tanned only from my holiday 2 Hong Kong. I was there from July till September. I will not send photos of me, so please do not ask me. Thanks for reading my ad ... Billie

fifty-eight

58

Source: www.penpalsnow.com

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


Billie is

.

I would also call her .

IN

And she is

aa r©

VA

N

Hi I’m Jennah ^ ^ Hey! So, as you can see my name is Jennah. I am 15 years old and an out of the closet lesbian. I live in the USA and am looking for a friend or possibly a long-distance relationship. That sounds pretty nice. Anyway, I am a huge nerd. Love to study. Favorite subject is social studies/history. I, however, have many other hobbies. I love to draw and sing. I sing in public too. Places like restaurants, weddings, parties, etc. I also play piano and guitar. I prefer acoustic btw. I am a huge fan of anime and manga. Mainly Shonen anime, but it’s always some sort of gay/romance manga. I am a pretty light and happy person to be around. I’m a little loud and get excited easily… sorry. I’m better with emails and prefer to keep some information private until I have talked to you over skype, vid call, or cell. I love long stories on how your day was… funny stories. Tell me about yourself! ;) You can email me at: jennahofficial@gmail.com. Adapted from: https://penpals4lgbt.tumblr.com

I think she is also

, because she .

and

ex em

since she

pl

In my opinion, Jennah is

, .

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist below. Checklist: describing personality

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I described the personalities of 2 pen pals in the ads. • I explained why I think they are like that.

ki

jk

2 Language • I used correct and varied adjectives to describe personality. • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

in

Feedback

<7

7 – 10

Next exercise

ex. 4

Check 2, p. 64 fifty-nine

Score

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

59


3 Fill in the correct word in the sentences below. a Give an antonym for these adjectives:

3 talkative

4 sentimental

5 adaptable

b Give an adjective that has more or less the same meaning (synonym): 1 people-oriented = =

VA

2 reserved

=

5 ambitious

=

aa r©

3 detail-oriented = 4 curious

N

2 hardworking

IN

1 people-oriented ↔

c Which is the odd one out? Explain why. 1 meticulous – shy – organized

pl

2 patient – talkative – outgoing

ex em

3 lazy – vain – aggressive – friendly

4 nosy – honest – generous

5 curious – cautious – nosy

jk

Score

< 10

Next exercise

≥ 10

ki

ex. 4

in

4 Find a partner. Play the ‘Mime the idiom’ game. Score Next exercise

D

speaking

C ex. 5

sixty

60

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


5 Fill in the gaps with a fitting personality adjective or complete the idiom. 1 You must be very

when you’re driving in snowy weather. You cannot drive

too fast and must keep your distance! 2 My next-door neighbour, Olive is such a

parker! She likes to spy on her

IN

neighbours with binoculars. 3 You can always count on Leyla. She is very

– if she says she’ll do

something, she’ll do it.

student! She is so bright and always comes up with original

N

4 Kayla is a

solutions. Pablo, on the other hand tries to appear intelligent when he answers questions,

VA

but it really annoys the whole class. He should stop being such a smart 5 Your plans for the future are very

!

. You really are reaching for the

moon, aren’t you?

aa r©

6 I hadn’t had enough sleep and was feeling kind of

. Only after I had had a

coffee, I was able to communicate more politely.

7 When Ira is wrong about something, he won’t admit his mistake. The fact that he can be so drives me crazy! I don’t think I have ever met anyone

who can be so

.

and quiet.

pl

8 Tom is very extrovert and confident while Katy’s 9 Henry is very

about his hair and his clothes. You will never catch him

ex em

walking around in old trainers and worn-out track suits.

10 Come on, jump, Gideon! Don’t be

11 He was very

! You can do it! about his scar and thought everyone was staring at him.

12 The charity will go bankrupt unless a

donor can be found within the

next few months.

13 Working two part-time jobs, volunteering on the weekends, and looking after his little

jk

brother, Sam’s been a busy

ki

Score

< 10

≥ 10 Check 2, p. 64

sixty-one

in

Next exercise

this summer.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

61


6 Take the Big Five Personality test (BFPT), and then write a short conclusion. a Preparation: – You will get a worksheet. For each statement mark how much you agree with it on the scale 1-5. (1 = disagree, 2 = slightly disagree, 3 = neutral, 4 = slightly agree and 5 = agree).

reading

IN

– Then calculate your scores. (Watch out: you need to add and subtract!) The scores you calculate should be between 0 and 40. The higher you score, the stronger your personality type.

N

– Now read the description of each trait:

VA

• Extroversion (E) is the personality trait of seeking fulfillment from sources outside the self or in community. High scorers tend to be very social while low scorers prefer to work on their projects alone. • Agreeableness (A) reflects how much individuals adjust their behavior to suit others. High scorers are typically polite and like people. Low scorers tend to ‘tell it like it is’.

aa r©

• Conscientiousness (C) is the personality trait of being honest and hardworking. High scorers tend to follow rules and prefer clean homes. Low scorers may be messy and cheat others. • Neuroticism (N) is the personality trait of being emotional.

pl

• Openness to experience (O) is the personality trait of seeking new experience and intellectual pursuits. High scorers may daydream a lot. Low scorers may be very down to earth. Source: https://openpsychometrics.org

ex em

– Check the test again and pick out statements that you had a strong opinion about (agree/ disagree).

b Action: write a conclusion about what you have learned about yourself. Write about 50 words. Refer to the statements from the test. Use sentence starters from the list below in your paragraph. The test showed that I… I did not expect / I expected that… Apparently I am… I was surprised to find out that… In conclusion,…

in

ki

jk

– – – – –

sixty-two

62

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

writing


c Reflect on your writing by filling in the checklist below.

1 Content and structure • I clearly described what I have learned about myself. • I referred to the statements from the test. • I used sentence starters from the list. • I wrote about 50 words. 2 Language • I used correct and varied adjectives to describe my personality. • I used present tenses correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

Next exercise

ex. 5

≥ 10

aa r©

< 10

Check 2, p. 64

sixty-three

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Score

VA

Feedback

No

IN

Yes I think so

N

Checklist: writing a conclusion

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

63


CHECK 2 ⁄ Talking about routines and (bad) habits 1 What are your (bad) habits and routines? a Combine verbs from the first column to words, phrases or pictures from the second column.

1

Words / phrases / pictures a

IN

Verbs

your food

to crack

to be

w

3

to pick

4

to eat

5

to be addicted to

6

to bite

aa r©

c

pl

d your knuckles

e your mobile phone

ex em 7

f late g your nails

to gobble

h too much junk food

to procrastinate

I

jk

8

VA

2

N

b

to slouch

10

to gossip

in

ki

9

i

j 1

sixty-four

64

2

3

4

5

6

your nose 7

8

9

10

Total:      / 10

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


b Write 3 positive and 3 negative sentences that are true for you, using the verb and the matching noun or phrase. 1

(+)

2 (+) 3 (+)

IN

4 (–) 5 (–)

N

6 (–) Total:      / 6

VA

c Finally, write 4 interrogative sentences (questions) with the remaining verbs and nouns/ phrases in d. d Find a partner. Ask them the questions and write down the short answers.

aa r©

e.g. your question: Do you like school? your partner’s answer: Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 1 Answer: 2 Answer:

pl

3 Answer:

ex em

4

SPOKEN INTERACTION

? ? ? ?

Answer:

Total:      / 6 Score

< 12

12 – 16

> 16

Next exercise

ex. 4

ex. 3

ex. 2

jk

2 Look at the following pages from the graphic novel This one summer. Describe Rose’s summer routine.

Every summer, Rose goes with her mom and dad to a lake house in Awago Beach. It’s their getaway, their refuge. Rosie’s friend Windy is always there, too, like the little sister she never had. But this summer is different. Rose’s mom and dad won’t stop fighting, and when Rose and Windy seek a distraction from the drama, they find themselves with a whole new set of problems. Source: www.goodreads.com

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

sixty-five

in

ki

THIS ONE SUMMER (MARIKO & JILLIAN TAMAKI)

65


reading

b Action: write 8 sentences describing Rose’s activities. Use the present simple correctly. Write positive and negative sentences.

writing

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

a Preparation: choose 8 picture boxes. Think of verbs that best describe the activities in the pictures.

sixty-six

66

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


IN N VA aa r©

Source: Mariko & Jillian Tamaki, This one summer

c Reflection: reflect on your writing by filling in the checklist. Ask your teacher for some feedback.

pl

Checklist: describing routines in a graphic novel

Yes

I think so No

ex em

1 Content and structure • I described 8 different pictures. • I wrote about 50 words. • My text is logical and well-structured.

jk

2 Language • I used correct verbs. • I used the present simple correctly in positive sentences. • I used the present simple correctly in negative sentences. • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

Score

<7

7 – 10

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 8

sixty-seven

in

ki

Feedback

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

67


3 Read these short texts about famous people’s routines. Fill in the missing verb forms in the present simple.

1 Stephen King

2 Miranda Kerr

aa r©

VA

N

IN

‘There          (1 to be) certain things I do if I sit down to write,’ he said. ‘I          (2 to have) a glass of water or a cup of tea. There          (3 to be) a certain time I          (4 to sit) down, from 8:00 to 8:30, somewhere within that half hour every morning,’ he explained. ‘I           (5 to have) my vitamin pill and my music,           (6 to sit) in the same seat, and the papers           (7 to be) all arranged in the same places. The purpose of doing these things the same way every day           (8 to seem) to be a way of saying to the mind, you’re going to be dreaming soon. ‘It           (9 to be) not any different than a bedtime routine,’ he continued. ‘          (10 you to go) to bed a different way every night?       (11 to be) there a certain side you sleep on? I mean I           (12 to brush) my teeth, I           (13 to wash) my hands. Why would anybody wash their hands before they go to bed? I              (14 not to know). And the pillows          (15 to be) supposed to be pointed a certain way. The open side of the pillowcase is supposed to be pointed in toward the other side of the bed. I           (16 not to know) why.’

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Contrary to popular belief, working supermodels                 (17 not to laze) around all day in lingerie, drinking champagne. These girls               (18 to work) hard particularly at this time of the year. It       (19 not to be) uncommon for a successful model to wear several outfits, in two or three shows a day, throughout Fashion Weeks the world over. Though Miranda Kerr has been successful enough to dial back her work hours, she still           (20 to keep) a pretty hectic schedule. For this supermodel, power meditation          (21 to keep) her calm and grounded in a fashion madhouse. To make sure she                 (22 to stay) on top and sane, Kerr             (23 to fit in) tiny bouts of meditation, whenever she          (24 to have) a spare moment. A few minutes in a makeup chair, in a taxi on the way to the airport, or waiting for a fitting to begin; a bout of meditation: a meditation session; a moment to relax for Miranda these           hectic: busy, chaotic (25 to be) all golden opportunities to sane: balanced, able to function normally tune in and tune out the hectic world around her. Source: www.therichest.com and www.dailyroutines.typepad.com

Score

< 20

≥ 20

Next exercise

ex. 4

ex. 8

sixty-eight

68

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


4 Complete the sentences below: fill in the correct form of the present simple (positive, negative and question forms). 1 My grandmother               (1 not to like) travelling. She               (2 to prefer) staying at home. 2 – ‘                    (3 you to detest also) gym class?’

IN

– ‘Yes, I               (4 to do)’.

3 I             (5 not to like) people who              (6 to talk) with their mouth full.

N

4 Most kids              (7 to want) to become an astronaut

VA

or a police officer when they               (8 to grow up).

aa r©

5 My sister               (9 to work) as a traffic warden and my brother               (10 to be) a chef.

6 – How many siblings               (11 you to have)?

– I               (12 to have) two sisters, one brother and one stepbrother. 7 – What

(13 your father to do) for a living?

pl

(14 he still to work) at the post

ex em

office?

– No, he

(15 not to do). He

(16 to work) at the library.

8 My best friend               (17 often to be) late for school. (18 regularly to forget) to set her alarm clock.

jk

She

9 My mum               (19 to hate) it when I text during dinner and then she

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 5

ex. 6

sixty-nine

in

ki

(20 to take) away my mobile.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

69


5 Fill in the correct form of the present simple in the sentences below (positive, negative and question forms). a Use the present simple in these positive sentences. 1 Chaima            (to love) the combination of chocolate and chips. 2 Stephen King always            (to have) a glass of water or a cup of tea

IN

before he            (to start) writing.

3 Professional supermodels            (to work) hard, contrary to what many people            (to believe).

4 A beautician            (to do) nails and make-up at the beauty salon.

N

5 Pilots            (to fly) planes all across the world.

b Use the present simple in these negative sentences.

VA

6 Paolo always            (to wash) his hands before dinner.

1 My little brother                 (not to wash) his hands before dinner. 2 My sister                 (not to mind) doing the dishes, but she

aa r©

(not to be) keen on cleaning her room.

3 My mum                 (not to understand) my fondness for fried pickles.

4 I                   (not to like) people that smoke. 5 Teachers                 (not to appreciate) you being late all the time.

pl

c Use the present simple in these questions.

1                  (what to be) your hobbies?

ex em

2                  (you to love) taking long walks or                  (you to prefer) reading a good book?

3                   (you to want) to break your bad habit? 4

(your parents to know) you have been late

3 times this week?

5

jk

Score

≥ 12 ex. 7

seventy

70

© (c) Jaguar PS / Shutterstock.com

in

ki

Next exercise

< 12

(what to be) so great about The Hunger Games anyway?

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


writing

6 Look at the pictures on the next page. Describe Tyrone’s daily routines.

aa r©

1 Tyrone gets up at 7 a.m. every Monday.

to have sandwiches for lunch to go to the cinema to play football to return home to do chores to eat dinner to play a boardgame to spend time online to read a book to go to bed at about 11 p.m.

N

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

VA

1 to get up at 7 a.m. 2 to go to the kitchen 3 to take a shower 4 to go downstairs 5 to have breakfast alone 6 to eat toast 7 to go out the door at 8 a.m. 8 to ride his bike to school 9 to arrive at school at 8.30 a.m. 10 to have classes from 9 a.m. until 3.30 p.m.

IN

– Write positive sentences if the description is correct. Use the verbs from the list below. – Write negative sentences if the description is not correct. Then write the correct positive sentence. – Follow the examples.

2 Then Tyrone doesn’t go to the kitchen. He goes to the bathroom. 3 4 5

7

ex em

8

pl

6

9 10 11 12

jk

13 14

ki

15

in

16 17 18 19

seventy-one

20

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

71


IN N VA aa r© pl ex em jk ki

in

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 5

ex. 7

seventy-two

72

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


7 Find a partner and do the tasks below. SPOKEN INTERACTION

b Read the 3 poems below. List the bad habits the person in the poems should try to break.

reading

You’ll find yourself stopped, when the time comes Not doing the job Suddenly numb

It wasn’t that bad Realize that really Just get it done Wow that was silly

aa r©

Ode to a video game – Mary Bauer

pl

The smoke burned my throat and stung my lungs. I became more numb with every puff. All my problems faded away, replaced with the dark cloud of a bad habit.

in

ki

jk

ex em

I really should Be doing work, But there you lurk And so I would Sit down a bit. I must admit An hour passed Much too fast. Just one more level. You are a devil!

Source: Spade Poetry (Twitter)

D

Next exercise

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

Source: http://artistryofeducation.blogspot.com

C Check 3, p. 76

seventy-three

Source: http://j-butler.com

Score

N

Just take the first steps and break it down The time will fly by Smiles from your frown

VA

I’ll do it later I’ll do it soon I’ll do it tomorrow Sometime around noon

IN

a Play the ‘Mime the bad habit’ game.

73


8 Watch the 2 clips from the film Every Day and answer the questions. First read what happened right before these scenes.

Justin

aa r©

VA

N

IN

What happened earlier… A is a travelling spirit who experiences every day in the body of a different teenager. One day, A wakes up in the body of Justin, the neglectful boyfriend of Rhiannon. At school, Rhiannon approaches A as Justin, convincing A to skip school with her. As the day goes on, A falls in love with Rhiannon and Rhiannon feels a rekindled love for Justin, seemingly a more thoughtful and caring person. The next day, however, Rhiannon finds Justin has reverted to his old, careless self and does not remember the previous day. Rhiannon is left confused and hurt. A few days later, when Rhiannon and Justin are attending a party at a friend’s house, Rhiannon meets A again, this time in the body of Nathan.

WATCHING

Rhiannon

Nathan

Megan

After meeting Nathan, A feels the need to explain to Rhiannon who or what he is. This time A goes to talk to Rhiannon in the body of Megan. Adapted from: www.wikipedia.com

True

False

ex em

Statement

pl

a True or false? Correct the false statements.

1 Nathan attends the same school as Rhiannon.

2 Rhiannon doesn’t like her own name because she doesn’t like how it sounds.

jk

3 Nathan is Steve’s gay cousin.

ki

in

4 A wakes up in a different body every day, but always that of a 16-year-old. 5 A travels hundreds of miles day after day to wake up in a new body.

seventy-four

74

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


b Why does Nathan not want to give Rhiannon his phone number?

Total:

IN

c Does A choose which body he wakes up in?

/7

VA

N

d A tells Rhiannon ‘I’m not doing a very good job’ when trying to explain who or what A is. Try to do better. Record a voice memo or write Rhiannon a note explaining who or what A is. – Preparation: think about what you would say if you were A: explain why Nathan had to leave so suddenly, what/who you are, how you feel about meeting Rhiannon etc. Write down your note below or use the notepad to make brief notes before recording. – Action: record a 1-minute voice memo or write a 75-word note.

ex em

pl

aa r©

writing

– Reflection: fill in the checklist to reflect on your writing/speaking. Ask your teacher for feedback.

Checklist: recording a voice memo

Yes

I think so

No

in

ki

jk

1 Content and structure • I talked for about 1 minute. • I explained who or what A is. • I explained why Nathan had to leave so soon. • I explained how I (A) feel (feels) about Rhiannon. 2 Language • I used correct words. • I used tenses correctly (focus on present simple). • I spoke fluently. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

seventy-five

Feedback

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

75


Checklist: writing a note

Yes

I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 75 words. • I explained who or what A is. • I explained why Nathan had to leave so soon. • I explained how I (A) feel (feels) about Rhiannon.

N

IN

2 Language • I used correct words. • I used tenses correctly (focus on present simple). • I used correct grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

VA

Feedback

Total:      / 10 < 14

Next exercise

ex. 7

≥ 14

aa r©

Score

Check 3

pl

CHECK 3 ⁄ Talking about hobbies and actions going on now

ex em

1 Describe what the people in these pictures are doing. Use the verb in brackets in a positive or negative sentence (if this is not what they are doing). Write full sentences.

This is Rheka. She is 68. (to paint?)

2

This is Kai and Hani. (to play the piano?)

in

ki

jk

1

seventy-six

76

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


4

IN

3

This is a group of friends. (to cosplay?)

Score

<4

Next exercise

ex. 2

aa r©

VA

N

This is Timothy, Layla, Hero and Dani. (to work out?)

4–6

>6

ex. 3

ex. 7

2 Jarvis Johnson tried 100 new hobbies in one day.

writing a letter learning a new magic trick giving himself a facial solving a Rubik’s cube taking a nap shuffling cards doing fitness exercises playing chess

ex em

pl

a Watch the video (with the sound off) and tick the boxes of the activities he is doing.

WATCHING

writing a blog learning how to play an instrument watching a TV series drawing a self-portrait cooking a new dish learning a new language starting a beauty blog

jk

b Write 3 sentences describing what he is not doing. Use the present continuous correctly.

ki

Score Next exercise

< 10

≥ 10 + ex. 4

ex. 4

seventy-seven

in

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

77


3 Complete the text. Use the present continuous. Pay attention to the use of pronouns and the use of ’s/-s/-s’. could instil so much fear in

Who knew that two little word

average teenager?

Oral. Presentation. are formed by a teacher

start to knock and hand

mouth, the whole class shudders; knee

shake in preparation. Forehead

IN

When those word

go clammy and stomach

all across the room knot and tighten. Breathing becomes shallow and quick and heart 1,000 times a second.

beat

. Specifically, speech

selected text, somehow show the protagonist

turn to speak.

was the last person before the bell

was already packed up, ready to go to lunch, and sure

aa r©

went. Lucky last. Hmmmm.

. Find a self

journey; yadayadayada. You know the type.

Typical school assignment. Anyway, today was

on journey

VA

is exactly what we had today. Speech

N

An oral presentation. What sort of name is that? It sounds like some dental exhibition, but that

had finished for the day. I thought

had dodged the educational bullet

once again... like a Ninja Student. Oh yeah! Another night to practise, hoorah! ‘Susanne.’ That was all around

said. Just one word and . I grabbed

nerves came crumbling down

palm card

, took a deep breath and walked up

pl

to the front of the class. ‘I’ve spoken in front of the entire year for elections. Why am I afraid of talking in front of only 20 girls?’ I try to give myself a pep talk. Just relax, breathe and everything

ex em

will be fine. And knees...stop shaking... you’re freaking out the nerves.’ Destination: Front of the class.

Reason: To give a speech which was hurriedly written the night before. Not

best.

Time till impact: About 3 seconds.

I stand at the front of the class. I feel naked, exposed. I breathe deeply through nose and try to still

trembling hands. Right, let’s do this!

jk

Three minutes and 51 seconds later I am finished. Sure I rushed a bit and sure

knee

were trembling so much I thought I’d fall down, but it’s done. IT’S DONE!!! IT IS

ki

DOOOOOONEEEEE!!!

in

Thankfully for

like for

, this is the last speech I will ever have to do at school. But I would all to bow

frightened, quaking kid

heads in a minute of silence for all the poor,

out there being forced to present speech

all over the world. Our thoughts go out to

and presentation

.

Source: www.teenink.com seventy-eight

78

Score

< 28

≥ 28

Next exercise

ex. 6

ex. 5

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

VA

N

1

IN

4 Have a look at the pictures below. Which hobbies do you recognize?

aa r©

15

1

pl

2 3

ex em

4 5 6 7 8 9

jk

10 11

ki

12

14 15 Score Next exercise

< 10

≥ 10 + ex. 6

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

ex. 6 seventy-nine

in

13

79


SPOKEN INTERACTION

5 Pair up! You will get some cards. Play the pronoun game. e.g. him / comic books

D

C All done!

Next exercise

IN

Score

Have you seen him? I think he’s reading comic books in his room.

6 Practise your pronouns. a Fill in the correct personal pronoun, subject or object.

yesterday. (shoes)

3

often yells at them. (Our teacher)

4 It is

car. (We bought a new car.)

5 Can you give

VA

2 I bought

N

yet. (my dad)

1 I haven’t talked to

some advice? (to Hanno and me)

homework. (They did the homework.)

aa r©

6 Glenn and Wiam often forget

b Rewrite the sentences using the correct possessive pronoun. Follow the example.

e.g. This is Sarah’s mobile phone. 7 This is Pablo’s notebook.

The mobile phone is hers.

pl

8 These are Mark and Fiona’s belongings. 9 These pencils belong to Helin and me.

ex em

10 Are these sneakers yours? Score

Next exercise

<7

Yes,

≥7 ex. 5

7 Rewrite the sentences by replacing the underlined words with the correct pronouns. 1 My sister and I decided to visit my aunt this weekend.

jk

2 Gia told her son not to make this mistake again.

ki

in

3 Don’t tell Fernando and Chayenne that Leki and I have forgotten to call Gaelle.

4 Dani and her roommate are not going to rent the apartment. Dani and her roommate say that the apartment is too shabby. 5 The cat was trying to catch the rats when the cat knocked the bottle of milk over.

eighty

80

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


6 You and your friends are going to get into trouble if you and your friends keep gossiping about the girl in class. 7 My friends and I did not enjoy the show. Did you and Janet enjoy the show?

IN

8 Please show your new car to Tom and me. 9 Frank and Danielle are waiting for my mother and me.

N

VA

10 My mom bought a new pair of shoes for my mom.

11 The car that belongs to my husband and me broke down. The car won’t start.

8

Score

<8

Next exercise

ex. 5

aa r©

≥8

ex. 8

Watch the video about strange hobbies and answer the questions.

WATCHING

a Which of the following hobbies were mentioned? Tick the boxes!

pl

conducting alien experiments on people extreme ironing collecting navel fluff news bombing

ex em

filing lawsuits toy voyaging playing dead mooing

b What do you think the other hobbies are? Pick one and write what you think in 1 or 2 sentences.

writing

jk

ki

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 5

All done!

eighty-one

in

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

81


CHECK OUT RECORDING A DATING VIDEO ORIENTATION

IN

You are going to record your own fictional dating video in which you introduce yourself or your alter ego.

PREPARATION

N

1 Watch this woman’s dating video. How does she describe herself and her ideal partner? What kind of person do you think she is? Write down the information in the fact fi le below.

Name:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Personality:

aa r©

Age:

VA

FACT FILE

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

pl

Hobbies:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ex em

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Bad habits:

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ideal partner:

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

in

ki

jk

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

eighty-two

82

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

WATCHING


2 Make up your own fi ctional character. Fill in the table below to prepare your speaking exercise. writing

Age:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

N

Name:

IN

Use at least 5 different personality adjectives. Describe at least 2 bad habits. Describe at least 3 different (unusual) hobbies. Describe your ideal partner by adding the same information (personality – bad habits they can’t have – hobbies).

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Personality:

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

VA

– – – –

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

aa r©

Hobbies:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Bad habits:

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ex em

Ideal partner:

pl

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Personality:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Bad habits they can’t have:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

jk

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ki

Hobbies:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

in

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

eighty-three

3 Practise your dating video before you start recording.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I

83


ACTION speaking 4 Record your dating video (on your phone or laptop). Talk for at least 90 seconds. Try to be creative (use props, such as a wig or glasses)! Pay attention to the use of pronouns and the use of present tenses.

IN

5 Afterwards, share your video with 3 classmates.

REFLECTION

N

6 Check your video by fi lling in the checklist.

1 Content and structure • I talked for 90 seconds to 2 minutes. • I discussed all categories. • I talked in a logical order. • The video was creative (e.g. I used props).

No

aa r©

2 Language • I used correct pronouns. • I used the present tenses correctly. • I used correct words to talk about personality. • I used correct words to talk about hobbies. • I used correct words to talk about bad habits.

Yes I think so

VA

Checklist: recording a dating video

ex em

Feedback

pl

3 Preparation and fl uency • I was well prepared. • I spoke fluently. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

WATCHING

8 Write a summary of the feedback your classmates gave you.

writing

jk

7 Watch your classmates’ videos and give them some feedback by fi lling in the checklist you will get.

My strong points:

ki

in

– –

What I can still improve on: – – –

eighty-four

84

9 Send your dating video to your teacher who will give you some feedback too. Trace your steps on diddit.

UNIT 1: ME, MY SELFIE AND I


UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

Step 1:

Step 3 :

Step 2 :

talking about past situations

pl

writing a review

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

describing holiday activities

IN

CHECK IN

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

ex em

SUMMARY

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: REVIEWING A HOLIDAY ACTIVITY


CHECK IN LET’S GO ON AN ADVENTURE 1 Discuss these questions with a partner.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

a What types of holidays do you know? b What do you do when you are on holiday?

VA

N

c What does your dream holiday look like?

2 Watch these 2 videos of people’s summer holidays.

a Highlight the holiday activities that you see in the videos. paragliding

dogsledding

stargazing

hiking

dining

swimming

karting

rock climbing

kayaking

triking

sunbathing

helicopter ride

dolphin spotting

submarining

scuba diving

golfing

jetskiing

wellness

dancing

sightseeing

reading

skateboarding

photographing

snorkeling

pl

sitting around the campfire

aa r©

sailing

ex em

b Which activities are in both videos?

c Which type of holiday do you like most? Why?

jk

d Both videos look professional, but there is a difference in purpose. What is the purpose of both videos? Video 1

Video 2

To persuade

ki

To inform

in

To entertain

e Explain why.

eighty-six

86

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

WATCHING


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ The world is your playground Describing holiday activities

IN

1 ⁄ What do you prefer?

Picture

a skiing holiday

b

a kayaking holiday

c

a swimming holiday

d

a beach holiday

e

a nature holiday

aa r©

a

VA

Type of holiday

reading

N

1 Take a look at the types of holidays below. Link them to 1 or more of the holidays on pages 88-90.

2 Discuss your holiday experiences.

a Pick 1 holiday (from exercise 1) that you would like and 1 that you would dislike. b Tell your partner why you would (dis)like that type of activity.

pl

c Use some of the following phrases to express your preferences. d Finally tell the class about your partner’s preferences.

ex em

HOW TO express likes and dislikes

… it is relaxing. … I want to see the world. … I’m an active person. … it is boring. … I don’t like to get wet. … I’m no daredevil. See p. 127

eighty-seven

in

ki

jk

I love … because … I’m fond of … because … I have a slight preference for … because … I prefer … I prefer … to … because … I like … / I like … much more than … because … I don’t like … because … I hate … because …

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

87


1

The Big Adventure Feedback rating: 96% from 5 reviews

Croatia Brac Island, Trilj Family - Summer

IN

Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 96%

14 nights, 15 days

Prog Code - TRILJ-BRAC

Prices from £1398 per person

N

Add to wishlist

VA

If you are looking for the ultimate 14-night adventure holiday in Croatia, then look no further! Our Big Adventure program provides the perfect balance of land-, river- and sea-based activities combined with idyllic scenery and relaxation.

The first week is based inland with superb access to the gorgeous Cetina River and rolling Dalmatian countryside, making it a perfect base for your first week of adventure fun.

aa r©

For the second week you will be staying on the stunning island of Brac where you will have the perfect opportunity to relax in private coves & on pristine beaches. This part of the 2-week activity holiday includes sea kayaking, cycling, hiking, climbing, dinghy sailing and wind surfing. The second week is more flexible and relaxed so if anyone just wants to chill by the pool or sunbathe on the beach then that’s really no problem. This is your holiday and we want everyone to have the perfect Croatian experience. Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

Lapland Multi Snow Fun

pl

2

ex em

Feedback rating: 89% from 2 reviews

Muonio Family - Winter Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 89%

6 nights, 7 days

Prog Code - HAR-08-FAM Prices from £1299 per person Add to wishlist

jk

Finland

in

ki

Deep within the Muonio region, you’ll be staying in the heart of Lapland, a true winter escape. Far away from daily routine, in this idyllic location, the Lappish landscape extends its wintery hand, and invites the whole family to play. Here, you’ll re- discover the harmony between man and nature, find the stillness of the frozen forest and breathe the world’s cleanest air. Either nestled in our wooden cabins or snug in our wilderness hotels, this promises to be the trip of a lifetime. Family Lapland holidays really do deliver the magic! Days are filled with meeting locals, expert guides, grazing reindeer and happy husky dogs. Our snowmobile treks offer epic thrill rides, growling power and bring the eyes to sensory overload, whilst our husky dog safaris are true wilderness tours, touching the remote snow drenched scenery in a more natural and gentle way. Evenings will be spent enjoying the lovely local foods, relaxing next to log fires or indeed in a soothing Finnish sauna. As the hours creep towards midnight, there will be much anticipation about the magical Northern Lights. Staying 200km above the Arctic circle also means your family will be sleeping within the Aurora zone. It’s possible to simply step outside your accommodation and find the elusive lights, dazzling above your sleepy heads. If tradition, authenticity, magic and fun is at the core of your holiday wishlist, then our Finland family activity holidays are designed with you in mind. We hope to hear from you soon.

eighty-eight

88

Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


3

Islands, Rivers, Waterfalls Feedback rating: 96% from 3 reviews

Croatia Omis Family - Summer

IN

Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 96%

7 nights, 8 days

Prog Code - OMIS-02-FAM

Prices from £599 per person

N

Add to wishlist

VA

Omis is a relatively undiscovered coastal city and one of the hottest destinations to try before mass tourism finds its way there. From our 20 years of experience, of designing family activity holidays in Omis, we believe that this tour delivers the 5-star experience.

aa r©

The design of this 8-day trip will give your family immense pleasure, as we combine the best of land- and water-based activities and day tours. You’ll be gliding on sea kayaks, tracing an epic coastal route, learning about aquatic life and swimming in our own secluded coves. With our friendly guides, you’ll be discovering the nearby canyons, jumping into warm pools of water and standing at the foot of some of the region's best waterfalls. One minute you could be paddling across the sea, the next, sitting in a beautiful old town, dining on fresh food and fine wine. So, if you’re serious about our active Croatia holidays, then do talk to our travel managers. There are not many holidays, where you can say you’ve experienced blue flag beaches, national parks, canyons, river rapids and local culture all in one holiday. Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

Nature, Sports and Tranquility

pl

4

ex em

Feedback rating: 94% from 5 reviews

Brac Island Family - Summer Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 94%

7 nights, 8 days

Prog Code - BRAC-03-FAM Prices from £449 per person Add to wishlist

jk

Croatia

in

ki

This amazing Croatia adventure holiday on Brac Island offers the perfect balance of land- and water-based sports. During your 8-day stay you’ll discover the calm and pure waters of the Adriatic Sea and experience true Dalmatian hospitality. Brac enjoys a year round pleasant climate, and has many cultural and historical heritage sites to explore. Whether exploring the coast or the olive fields, you’ll feel the tranquillity in this ecologically preserved environment. Brac is nicknamed the ‘island of nature & beauty’! The highest peak of the island is Vidova Gora residing 778m above sea level and offers the most spectacular panoramic views. The mountain can be discovered by car, foot or bike. Many water sports are on offer, from windsurfing to sailing – and extremely flexible for non-experienced families. So don’t be nervous when trying these new sports, as our instructors will give you the skills you need. Just bring your smiles!

Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

eighty-nine

For families wishing to enjoy harmony in nature, secluded swim spots and active sports, then look no further than family activity holidays in Brac. Our modern apartments are the perfect base for your summer stay – tried, tested and loved. Walking distance to the sea front and within a 15-minute drive to the island’s port. Our apartments reside in picturesque villages offering the Mediterranean charm.

89


5

The Island Experience Feedback rating: 96% from 6 reviews

Croatia Brac Island Family - Summer

IN

Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 96%

7 nights, 8 days

Prog Code - BRAC-01-FAM

Prices from £799 per person

N

Add to wishlist

VA

Our Croatia family activity holidays offer an unbeatable location, with blue skies and epic coastlines. Being one of the largest of the Adriatic islands, Brac is the ideal active holiday destination for water and land activities. You will have the opportunity to take to the calm waters by sea kayaking, windsurfing or dinghy sailing, which are undeniably the best ways to enjoy Croatia’s magnificent waters.

aa r©

Brac is a magical island with stunning scenery. Your dedicated tour leader and experienced guides will help you find the hidden gems. The island experience is designed predominantly for families with teenagers, but younger families are welcome; the minimum age is 10! Ask our team about the teenage activity holidays we create! Green World Holidays is particularly known for pulling together like-minded families with kids of similar ages. We understand the importance of age-matching. After a day of sun and fun on the beach, each evening you can look forward to dinner together at a lovely local restaurant (only a short walk from your accommodation). During your week’s stay with us, we will introduce your family to the charms of Brac Island. On bike & foot we’ll gaze deeper into the interiors of this sparsely inhabited island, enjoy panoramic hilltop views and find secluded swim spots. We’ll paddle on warm aquatic waters and learn to master the wind in our sails. This is a magical program that will captivate and enthrall even the most restless teenager or parent! We hope to see you here this coming summer.

Magic Morocco

ex em

6

pl

Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

Feedback rating: 91% from 3 reviews

Multiple Locations Family - Year round Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 91%

8 nights, 9 days

Prog Code - MOR-04-FAM Prices from £649 per person Add to wishlist

ki

jk

Morocco

in

Are you looking for an unforgettable nine days of fun, that can truly combine excitement and relaxation? We hope you’ve answered YES, as we would love you to join our family adventure holiday in Morocco. Escape into the Sahara desert, solve the maze of streets of Marrakesh and step onto some of Hollywood’s greatest movie landscapes. This incredible family trip has been cleverly designed for both parents and kids. It’s become especially popular amongst teenage activity holidays, keeping the restless teens active and entertained. Throughout your stay you’ll be enjoying full board in many comfortable 3-star hotels, many of which have swimming pools to relax in. But of course, it wouldn’t be the nomadic adventure if there wasn’t one night under the stars amongst the sand dunes. These ancient and mystical lands offer the ultimate Morocco activity holiday experience. To travel on this family tour your party must include a minimum of 1 adult and 1 child (aged 5-16).

ninety

90

Source: www.greenworldholidays.com

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


3 Which 5 pieces of information are in every description?

IN

reading

4 How is it said in the texts?

reading

aa r©

3 You don’t have to sleep at a hotel in Lapland.

VA

2 The Big Adventure takes place in a really beautiful environment.

N

1 The Big Adventure is the perfect combination of land-based and sea-based activities.

4 The animals pulling the sleigh eat grass.

pl

5 The Dalmatian countryside is hilly.

ex em

6 There is a lot of culture in Brac.

7 The beach of Croatia has small stones instead of sand.

jk

8 Morocco has some very old and magical places.

reading

ki

5 Look for the following holiday activities and highlight them in the texts. Which holiday offers these activities?

in

1 sleeping under the stars: 2 climbing: 3 sunbathing on the beach: 4 sailing:

ninety-one

5 snowmobile treks:

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

91


SPOKEN INTERACTION

6 Would you enjoy these holiday activities? a Choose 1 activity that you would enjoy and 1 that you would not. Explain why (not). b Use appropriate expressions to state your preferences. c Plan the conversation using the speaking frame below.

IN

State your opinion I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe enjoy

VA

(-ing form of activity) is what I would like to try/experience because

N

(-ing form of activity) because

The activity that I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe not enjoy is

aa r©

(-ing form of activity) because

d Sit in groups and have a conversation with your group members about your activities. Keep the conversation going! Use some of the expressions below.

What do you mean by that? Could you explain that a little further? I don’t really understand what you mean. What is your point? I agree with you. I would like to add that …

ex em

– – – – – –

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

pl

HOW TO keep the conversation going

See p. 127

2 ⁄ Where you at?!

jk

1 Watch Emily’s vlog about her trip and answer the questions.

ki

a List the places that Emily will visit.

in

b Also list the activities they are planning to do. c What do you think the expression ‘ants in his pants’ could mean? To have an itchy feeling, like a rash. To be extremely restless or anxious.

ninety-two

92

To be a very active person, very sportsmanlike.

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

WATCHING


WATCHING

2 Watch Caitie’s adventures when she visits Ireland for the first time. a Which country is she from? How can you tell?

IN

b Which country is she in? Which country does she compare it to?

c What does she think of the weather there?

N

e List all the places she visits in the table below. Monuments

Food and drinks

Shopping

Other

pl

aa r©

Accommodation

VA

d Where does the road trip lead her? List the cities.

ex em

f Of all places she is visiting in the video, which one would you prefer? Why? Use this structure: I’d prefer … because …

3 Do you know how to use prepositions of place? a Try to put the locations mentioned in questions 2 a, b, d and e in the right column.

on

at

More specific:

Very specific:

General:

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

ninety-three

in

ki

jk

in

Preposition of place

93


b Complete the rule in the table in exercise a. Add the prepositions ‘at’, ‘in’, ‘on’ to the reversed pyramid below.

Oxford Street 5th Avenue

N

More specifi c

IN

England Chicago New York

General

school Etihad Stadium

VA

Very specifi c

aa r©

4 Fill in the correct preposition of place. Choose between ‘in’, ‘at’ or ‘on’.

You can’t go to London and not see these must-see London attractions London has many iconic buildings, landmarks

pl

and sights to be seen. The city is constantly

evolving and is rich in historic culture. To help you along your way if you haven’t been

ex em

London before, we’ve created a list of the 7 must-see London attractions. 1 Big Ben is located

Westminster and is

the nickname for the ‘Great Bell’ of the clock.

2 The Natural History Museum is located

3 Hyde Park is right

South Kensington

Cromwell Road.

the heart of the city and one of London’s biggest parks. You can

see the grounds surrounding Kensington Palace which are located

one end of the

park.

jk

4 This is one for all the Harry Potter fans out there! If you want to find Platform 9 ¾ they have it all set up, permanently,

ki

5 Tate Modern is located

King’s Cross Station.

the banks of the River Thames in a former power station.

6 Piccadilly Circus is London’s measly attempt at Time’s Square. It’s always ridiculously

in

busy with bright billboards lining the edges of the buildings; and you’ll probably find yourself here if you’re planning an evening

7 The British Prime Minister lives

the West End or Soho!

number 10 Downing Street during his or her time as

PM.

Adapted from: https://worldofwanderlust.com

ninety-four

94

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


5 Which must-see attractions have you already seen? Where were they? Were they really worth seeing?

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Preparation: think of the must-sees that you have seen and write them down on a sheet of paper. Make some notes: add where they were located and if/why they were worth seeing.

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist. Checklist: my must-see attractions

Yes

I think so No

N

1 Content and structure • I talked about the must-sees that I have seen. • I described my experience.

IN

b Action: talk to your partner about your must-sees. Use the prepositions of place correctly and be careful when using the past tense.

Feedback

aa r©

VA

2 Language • I used good expressions to talk about my preferences. • I used correct words to describe the must-sees. • I used the correct prepositions. • I used correct verb forms.

6 Look at the given words. Link them to the images below. First write the type of holiday, then add 2 possible activities and finally add where you would typically stay when you go on that type of holiday.

2

3

ninety-five

in

ki

jk

ex em

1

pl

backpacking – beach – camp site – city trip – hiking – luxury hotel – museum – sightseeing – sunbathing – surfing – youth hostel

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

95


7 Which strategy did you use to complete this task? Complete the strategy box.

STRATEGY

HOW TO structure vocabulary Preparation

IN

and/or look at the pictures. Meaning Try to

of every word. If you don’t know the meaning,

N

use a dictionary. Structuring words together by

8 Find your way around vocabulary.

.

See p. 126

VA

Try to

aa r©

a Structure the vocabulary below in a logical way. Use a mind map.

pl

building a sandcastle – buying clothes – collecting souvenirs – diving off a cliff – dog sledding – floating on your inflatable beach mattress – going to a museum – lying in a hammock – picnicking in the park – putting up/pitching a tent for the night – reading a book – renting a mountain bike – scuba diving – sightseeing – sipping a virgin mojito – skiing – snowboarding – taking a nap on the beach – taking public transport – trying a new language b Show your mind map to a partner. Explain why you grouped the words in this particular way.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

ex em

c Close your book and take a sheet of paper. Write down as many words as you remember in 2 minutes.

9 Now add your own vocabulary to your mindmap. Use an online dictionary if necessary. 10 How about you? What do you like to do when you are on holiday?

in

ki

jk

a Preparation: write down at least 3 of your favourite activities first.

ninety-six

96

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

writing


VA

N

IN

b Action: write a paragraph of 50 words in which you describe the activities, where you can do them and why you like them so much. Use appropriate vocabulary and expressions to describe your preferences.

aa r©

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist. Checklist: my favourite holiday activities

Yes

I think so No

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 50 words. • I described my favourite holiday activities.

ex em

Feedback

pl

2 Language • I used good expressions to talk about my preferences. • I used correct words to describe the activities. • I used the correct prepositions. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

jk

CHECK 1, see p. 128

ki

STEP 2 ⁄ Trip of a lifetime Talking about past situations

in

1 You will get a role card. Interview your partner. 2 Read the text and answer the following questions.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

reading

a Where does Melissa come from?

ninety-seven

b Which means of transport did she use during her holiday?

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

97


c Which city did not make the best impression?

The trip of a lifetime

IN

d Was Melissa satisfied with her holiday? How can you tell?

15

VA

Our first day trip was to the two-thousand-year-old town of Trier, Germany. Trier was a remarkably beautiful city. Every building in the town square had some kind of history. Every windowsill had beautiful bright red baskets of flowers hanging from them. Some of the buildings had marvelous carvings on the sides. The cathedrals were amazing too. It seemed as if every inch had some kind of intricate carving, including the ceilings. While there we also saw the Porta Nigra (Black Port), a small section of a former gateway to the city. The city was founded around 16 B.C. by the Romans. The food there was excellent and was always more than enough. They have their dinner at noon and if you want to eat between two and five you are out of luck, except for a few places that serve cake. Anything you need from a store must be gotten before nine o’clock because there are no twenty-four hour stores and nearly all stores are closed on Sunday. Our next day trip was to the towns of Bernkastel and Cochem. Bernkastel was a cool town with lots of interesting looking buildings and these too were very historic. Just a few kilometers away was the town of Cochem which has a castle that we got to go inside of. The castle was amazing and the views were breathtaking. For miles you could see small villages surrounded by grape vines. Afterwards we had an amazing meal at a restaurant in a town called Morshels.

jk

20

aa r©

10

The countries we went to were amazing and the countryside was beautiful. Did you know that the countries of Europe are a lot different than America? The buildings for the most part are all very old, made of stone, and intricately designed. The towns were small with the buildings close together. Between towns there was rolling green countryside. Towns are not as spread out as America and streets are much narrower. You could tell a town was coming from a mile away by the church’s steeple found in almost every town.

pl

5

This summer I went on the vacation of a lifetime. My family and I spent the first three weeks of the summer in Europe. We were there to visit family on my dad’s side but got the chance to do a lot of sightseeing while we were there. What I didn’t enjoy was the ten-hour flight, but I’d say it was definitely worth every minute. We went to Germany and Switzerland and while there made side trips to Paris, France and Luxembourg.

ex em

1

N

Posted by Melissa  –  June, 14

in

ki

25

30

35 ninety-eight

98

Bernkastel

That first weekend we got to go on an overnight trip to Paris. Paris was amazing but it didn’t look like I imagined. We saw the Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triumph, Louvre museum, and the famous Ritz hotel. We also got to take a boat ride on the river there. Did you know you can have dinner on the boat? We didn’t have time for that, so we didn’t do it. We took a walk on

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


the Champs Elysees and toured the amazing Notre Dame. We attended Sunday Mass there, although I didn’t understand a word of it! Paris was also very loud, crazy, and busy. On another day we went to the town of Idar Oberstein, a jewelry making town. They are famous for making jewelry from rocks in the mountainside. There is a castle there too and a church built right into the side of the mountain.

IN

40

After a tearful goodbye to Germany we left for Switzerland. Our time there, while shorter, was also amazing. We took a train ride to Zurich and spent our first day there shopping in all the big city shops. I didn’t get everything I wanted! Then we got to drive through the mountains over the Susten pass. The weather was not that great, but it was still wonderful. In my grandpa’s hometown, we went inside two castles that he used to go in as a child.

to carve: to cut out from wood or stone church’s steeple: pointed tower of the church former: previous, in the past grape vines: plants that grow grapes to produce wine intricately: with a lot of detail

VA

45

N

We spent our last full day there in the country of Luxembourg. Luxembourg is very different from what we saw in Germany. Luxembourg still has a palace with a Duke and Duchess and it has a guard out front.

aa r©

50

Our last full day we went to the city of Lucerne and looked out over the lake and river there and spent nearly the whole day buying souvenirs before we had to return for a big family dinner where there were four generations of my family.

60 Lake Lucerne

ex em

Source: www.teenink.com

Even though the weather was not the best while we were there, we had the best time we could’ve possibly had and I hope one day very soon I can go back to the wonderful sights and people.

pl

55

3 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

reading

ki

jk

a Melissa compares Europe to the USA. What are the differences in her opinion?

ninety-nine

in

b What did Melissa visit in Paris?

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

99


4 Check the text on p. 98-99 and answer these questions. a What time period does Melissa refer to? present

future

b Melissa used a specific tense to describe her trip around Europe.

N

past

IN

c Give Melissa’s itinerary (plan of travel).

aa r©

VA

– In yellow highlight 5 examples in the 1st paragraph (l. 1-5) and 5 examples in the 6th paragraph (l. 33-38). – In green highlight 3 examples in the text of how Melissa said something in a negative form. – In blue highlight 2 questions Melissa asks.

5 Have a closer look at the examples in the positive sentences you highlighted in question 1b above. Put them in the correct column. Highlight the subject. Complete the rule. Past simple

Irregular verbs

ex em

pl

Regular verbs

Form of past simple: positive sentences

ki

jk

Regular verbs

in

HOW TO study vocabulary and grammar

one hundred

100

Irregular verbs = learn by heart

STRATEGY

Knowing the irregular verbs by heart is an absolute must! You will find a list of irregular verbs in this unit on p. 118-119. – Divide the list into smaller parts (e.g. 7 verbs) and study one part every day. – There are a lot of (online) tools that can help you study. Try using an app like Quizlet to study irregular verbs and word lists, etc. – Try to actively learn the irregular verb forms, e.g. by playing a game, making flashcards, or making an irregular verbs rap. See p. 118-119

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


6 Look at the following verbs. Write down the past simple form, and then complete the rule. Verb

Past simple

Rule verb ends in a stressed vowel and a consonant:

stop grab

Verb

Past simple

IN

prefer Rule verb ends in -e:

N

love

Verb

Past simple

Rule

verb ends in a consonant + -y:

carry

Past simple

distil

Rule

verb ends in a vowel + -c:

ex em

picnic

Past simple

pl

mimic

Rule

verb ends in a vowel + -l:

travel

Verb

aa r©

try Verb

VA

change

Did you know?

In British English travelled is the past simple tense of to travel. In American English it is spelled traveled.

listening

Pronounced as:

/ɪd/

/t/

/d/

wanted

helped

called

one hundred and one

in

ki

jk

7 Listen to the words (all ending in -ed) and write them in the appropriate column, and then try to complete the rule. Tip: check the final sound of the regular verb.

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

101


If the final sound of a regular

If the final sound of a regular

verb is pronounced like

verb is a

verb is a

the letters

consonant (= /p/, /k/, /‘/,

then ‘-ed’ is pronounced as .

consonant,

or diphthong,

/s/, /T/, /t ‘/, /‘/) then the

then the ‘-ed’ is pronounced

‘-ed’ is pronounced as

as

VA

.

.

N

or

IN

If the final sound of a regular

8 Play the -ed pronunciation game.

aa r©

9 Explain to your friends what you did on holiday. Look at the pictures and write 1 sentence for every picture.

2

ex em

pl

1

jk

3

6

in

ki

5

4

one hundred and two

102

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

writing


1 On Monday I 2 On Tuesday 3 On . 4

IN

5 6

N

Did you know?

VA

In English the days of the week are written with a capital letter: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. Also the months of the year get a capital letter in English: January, February, March... Seasons are not written with a capital letter: summer, fall/autumn, winter, spring.

writing

aa r©

10 Think about what you did yesterday. Write a short paragraph (about 40-50 words) describing what you did, when you did it and where you did it. a Preparation: list the activities you did yesterday and write down when and where you did them. – – – –

pl

ex em

b Action: write your text. Use appropriate vocabulary and focus on the past simple tense.

jk

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist. Checklist: yesterday’s activities

Yes I think so

No

2 Language • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I used correct words to describe the activities. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and three

in

ki

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 50 words. • I described the activities I did yesterday.

103


d Now talk about what you did yesterday with your partner. Is there anything you have in common? If so, what? Pay attention to the pronunciation of the verb forms.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

11 Put the negative examples from question 4b (p. 100) in the table. Follow the example and complete the rule.

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Main verb

Rest of the sentence

I

didn’t

enjoy

was the ten-hour flight.

VA

Form of past simple: negative sentences

N

What

IN

Past simple

12 Write full sentences using the past simple tense in the negative form.

2 Amina / move / not / to Italy.

aa r©

1 You / travel / not / to India / last year.

3 Kajal and Peter / get lost / not / in Oxford.

pl

ex em

4 We / panic / not / when we / miss / the plane.

5 I / arrive / not / at the hotel / on time.

jk

13 Put the 2 questions from question 4b (p. 100) in the table below. Follow the example and complete the rule.

ki

(Question word)

Auxiliary verb

Subject

Main verb

Rest of the sentence

did

you

do

last summer?

in

What

Past simple

one hundred and four

104

Form of past simple: questions

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


14 Make questions using the information. Then give a short answer. 1 you / visit / a museum / in France / two weeks ago? (+) 2 Ibrahim / go surfing / last summer? (-)

IN

3 Carol and Diego / write / a postcard / from Brazil? (+)

N

5 Matteo / go scuba diving / in Egypt? (+)

SPOKEN INTERACTION

aa r©

15 Asking and answering questions about a set of cards.

VA

4 Omar / bring / souvenirs / from Beijing? (-)

a Preparation: look at your 5 cards and try to find the correct vocabulary to describe each activity. Ask your teacher if you need help. b Action: ask a correct question to find out whether your partner did that activity. Your partner will answer in a full sentence using the information on their card.

pl

c Reflection: check your writing by filling in the checklist. Checklist: asking and answering questions

Yes I think so

No

ex em

1 Content • I asked at least 5 questions. • I answered every question in a full sentence.

2 Language • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I used correct words to describe the activities. • I formulated my questions correctly. • I formulated my answers correctly. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

16 Form groups. Your teacher will give you a board game and the rules on how to play it.

CHECK 2, see p. 133

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

SPOKEN INTERACTION

one hundred and five

in

ki

jk

Feedback

105


STEP 3 ⁄ Because the internet said so Writing a review 1 ⁄ Where can I stay? SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

1 Discuss these questions. a What types of accommodation have you already stayed in? b Give 1 positive and 1 negative aspect of each type of accommodation. 2 Match the hotel vocabulary with the corresponding picture.

N

VA

2

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12

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one hundred and six

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6

11

2

7

12

3

8

13

4

9

14

5

10

N

1

IN

balcony – bathtub – dining room – double bed – entrance hall – lift – lobby – reception desk – revolving door – shower – single room – twin beds – wardrobe – washbasin

VA

2 ⁄ What kind of traveller are you? 1 Watch the customer review video and answer these questions. a Why do you think the staff stepped in?

aa r©

WATCHING

b Do you think the video is realistic? Why (not)?

c Do you often read online reviews before doing or buying something? Why (not)?

YOU ARE A RELAXATION TRAVELLER!

You love the thrill of exploring new places and you seek out exciting adventures. Not one to sit idly on the beach and read, you think of vacation as a time to rediscover your playful side – wind surfing, skiing, kayaking or even trying out that zip line are all up your alley. The world awaits… and you’re eager to jump in headfirst!

Ahhhh, there’s nothing better than sitting by the beautiful pool with a virgin mojito and a good book.Vacation takes you away from the hectic lifestyle of the everyday and gives you that special time just to unwind. Unhurried dinners, sleeping in late, and strolling on the beach are your idea of a perfect week away.

jk

ex em

YOU ARE AN ADVENTURER!

YOU ARE AN URBAN TRAVELLER!

It really doesn’t matter where you vacation, as long as everyone is together and enjoying each other’s company. From dragging mom or dad to theme parks or gathering the entire clan for a fun-filled family reunion, your vacations are centered on what’s important to you – family.

You love museums, shows, great restaurants, and all the trappings of city life. Whether you are exploring Paris, New York, Chicago, or Los Angeles your vacation is a chance to uncover a city’s arts and culture scene with each step you take.

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YOU ARE A FAMILY TRAVELLER!

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

reading

one hundred and seven

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2 Do the online quiz and find out what kind of traveller you are.

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3 Form groups according to what type of traveller you are. Do the following tasks together.

reading

b Read the holiday activities your group gets. What ratings would you give? Why? Terrible Poor Average Very Good Excellent

N

IN

a Take a close look at the text you will get and answer the questions. – What is the source? – What kind of text is this? – Who is the author? – Do you think you can trust this text? Why (not)?

VA

4 There are hotels in all kinds of types and price ranges. Some are very luxurious, while others only cover the bare necessities. And some… cover nothing at all!

Statement

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a Read the newspaper article about the Grosvenor in Blackpool and say whether the following statements are true or false.

The Grosvenor is far away from Blackpool Tower.

2

Two out of the ten worst hotels in Europe are located in the United Kingdom.

3

The Grosvenor takes pride in its cleanliness.

4

Dudley Osborn thinks it is not a good idea to trust TripAdvisor reviews.

5

It costs £25 per night to stay at the Grosvenor.

False

pl

1

True

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ex em

b Indicate in the text where you found the answer.

one hundred and eight

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reading


Faulty Towers: Grotty Grosvenor in Blackpool voted filthiest hotel in Europe

VA

N

IN

The beauty of the Grosvenor Hotel is that it’s within spitting distance of Blackpool Tower. The bad news for guests is that the windows are so filthy you can hardly see through them. Visitors used TripAdvisor to complain of pokey, smelly rooms, stained bedding, mouldy walls, and beds ‘like park benches’. The comments were backed up with shocking pictures of filthy ceilings, broken toilets and smashed power sockets.

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But the Grosvenor – which charges £25 per person per night – is not the only British hotel held up for its lack of cleanliness. Astonishingly, all but two of Europe’s worst ten are in the UK. Of the 33 customers who reviewed the twostar Grosvenor in Albert Road, only three had anything good to say about their stay, with 28 indicating they had a ‘terrible’ time.

45

Sunny Khajuria, who bought the Grosvenor six months ago, admitted it was a ‘mess’ but that they were in the process of renovating. ‘There are 47 rooms and we can’t do it overnight,’ he said. ‘We are now putting things right and are in contact with the guests who posted negative views to ask them how they’d like us to improve.’

ex em

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Several visitors said it was the worst hotel they had ever stayed in. Despite the hotel claiming that ‘cleanliness is our priority’, several disgruntled guests wrote that it was ‘filthy’ and ‘disgusting’. One wrote: ‘As I opened the door I was greeted by a damp wall and ceiling, tiles falling from the bathroom ceiling, holes in power sockets which were clearly visible (in a family room), the TV cable was hanging down loose, with no remote control. ‘As for the Tower view – the windows were so filthy that we could not even see the road!’ Another said the hotel lift was ‘more frightening’ than rides at the Pleasure Beach.

but warned that TripAdvisor was a subjective website which was open to abuse. ‘Its reviews are based on anecdotal evidence, they are not an exact science,’ he said.

55

TripAdvisor sifted through more than 30 million evaluations worldwide. It also compiled dirty lists for America, Canada and Asia. anecdotal evidence: people adding personal stories rather than keeping to the facts bed bugs: small animals that live in a mattress damp: moist, wet disgruntled: unhappy, unsatisfied mouldy walls: walls with mould on them (‘schimmel’) pokey: very small

Source: www.dailymail.co.uk

5 Read the article again and answer the following questions. a Is the Grosvenor the only hotel in the UK that made the top 10 list of worst hotels in Europe?

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

reading one hundred and nine

in

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Second on the TripAdvisor roll of shame is a hotel in Budoni, Italy, but this is quickly followed by the Park Hotel, in Victoria, London, where guests complained of an ‘overwhelming’ smell and being bitten by bed bugs. Dudley Osborn, of the British Hospitality Association, which represents UK hoteliers, admitted there were some ‘grotty establishments’ in Britain,

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b Highlight in the text what the rooms in the hotel look like. c Is there any hope for the Grosvenor?

e Would you warn other people not to go there? Why (not)?

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6 How is it said in the text?

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3 The hotel lift is not safe.

VA

1 The hotel is really close to Blackpool Tower.

2 The beds are really uncomfortable.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

d Have you ever stayed at a hotel, youth hostel or camping that wasn’t clean? What was your reaction?

4 It will take a long time to renovate all the hotel rooms. 7 Read these reviews of the Grosvenor Hotel.

A warm welcome awaits you at the Grosvenor Hotel, whether as old friends or new. Nestled in the heart of Blackpool, close to the Tower, Winter Gardens, Beach and is within easy reach of the bus and train stations. For those who wish to explore the vibrant nightlife we have a night porter on duty so there is no need for late keys. Your comfort is our priority, as is the cleanliness and standard of service.

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1

pl

a Compare the 3 reviews and complete the table.

Don’t listen to the reviews on here! How can you complain about the free blood stains on the pillows, the out of this world sick stain in the hall on the first floor by the stairs, and you get free mozzie bites as well! Loved the couch throw as a duvet! Great design of wallpaper with the sick stains, and the splatted fly stains! How could I forget? The dining room had a hole in the ceiling where it looked like a fireman’s pole was being fitted!

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2

one hundred and ten

110

3

Stayed for 2 nights for Easter. The hotel was clean and tidy. The room was basic but clean. The entertainment was a bonus so we didn’t have to go out. All the staff were amazingly friendly and couldn’t do enough for us. The mushroom risotto for starter was cooked to perfection along with the rhubarb crumble. The negative points were really bad porridge which tasted like wallpaper paste made with barley and water, I think, and the cheap sausages for breakfast.

Source: https://www.tripadvisor.com

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

reading


Review 1

1

This customer stayed at the Grosvenor.

2

The writer of the review was quite satisfied.

3

This review contains humor.

4

This text is probably not a real review.

5

This review has both positive and negative sides.

Review 2

Review 3

IN

Statement

N

b Explain why 1 of the 3 is not a real review.

VA

– – –

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c Which elements do you recognize in the other 2 reviews? Statement

Review 2

The writer clearly explained how he feels.

2

The writer described the situation in detail.

3

The writer wrote a personal story.

4

The writer used full sentences.

5

The writer used correct spelling and punctuation.

ex em

pl

1

Review 3

8 Highlight the parts of a review in the example below. Then write the correct number next to the part you highlighted. 1 Conclusion of the review 2 General score 3 Title 4 Name of the accommodation 5 Moment of review

6 Introduction to the review 7 Name of the reviewer 8 Detailed score 9 Review

jk

Positive feedback for wonderful stay

ki

Review of Hotel Marina

himanshu0505 Faridabad, India 54

Reviewed November 14, 2021

It was a pleasure staying at this brand new property, which is 5 minutes walking from the Mall. Marina is a nice hotel with excellent food and service. They offer complementary fruit, chocolates and coffee in the room. Breakfast is good and you can choose: Indian, continental, etc. Also the restaurant is very good and reasonably priced. Overall the experience was brilliant and enjoyed our weekend getaway a lot. I will definitely stay there again. Date of stay: July 2021 Room tip: Always go for the top floor room. Trip type: Traveled as a couple

Value

Ask himanshu0505 about Hotel Marina Source: https://www.tripadvisor.com

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

Cleanliness Service

one hundred and eleven

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111


STRATEGY

For more information on how to write a good customer review, check the Summary of this unit.

9 Use these pictures to write a short review about your holiday activities.

See p. 124 written INTERACTION

IN

HOW TO write a customer review

a Preparation: look at the pictures. Write 1 or 2 words under each photo to describe the activity you see. Look up the words that you don’t know.

N

2

© Sergii Iarmoliuk / Shutterstock.com

4

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6

in

© Felix Lipov / Shutterstock.com

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5

© MarinaMonroe / Shutterstock.com

ex em

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3

aa r©

VA

1

one hundred and twelve

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aa r©

VA

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IN

b Action: write a review of 50-75 words. Use the information from a. Use the past tense correctly and write full sentences.

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c Reflection: check your review by filling in the checklist. Checklist: reviewing my visit to the Statue of Liberty

Yes I think so

No

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1 Content and structure • I wrote 50-75 words. • I described the activities in every picture (where, when, with whom?). 2 Language • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I used correct words to describe the activities. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

CHECK 3, see p. 139 one hundred and thirteen

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Feedback

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(Prepositions of place)

IN

HOW TO talk about where things happen

PLACE

ON AT VERY SPECIFIC Keep in mind

– – – –

Football was invented in England. He lives in Tokyo. He always goes out in the city centre. The party is in my backyard but I will keep the drinks in the kitchen.

countries cities neighbourhoods enclosed spaces

N

Examples

VA

IN

Keywords

– streets – avenues – parts of a street

There are many shops on Arlon Street. She lives on Tate Avenue.* There’s a block of flats on the corner.

– address – specific location

The party is at 25 Box Street. I will wait for you at the bus stop.

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GENERAL

pl

GRAMMAR

SUMMARY

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• IN + space • ON + surfaces: e.g. on the table, on the floor • No preposition: downtown, e.g. I live downtown.

in

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*In British English you live in a street or avenue (vs. on a street in American English).

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HOW TO talk about the past

(Past simple)

IN

Last summer, I went to Italy. The weather was really nice. I swam in the sea and I visited local markets. Where did you go?

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VA

N

I didn’t go anywhere. I stayed at home.

REGULAR VERBS

pl

1 Past simple

FORM

Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Questions (?)**

1st p. sing.

I visited.

I didn’t visit.

Did I visit?

2nd p. sing.

You visited.

You didn’t visit.

Did you visit?

3rd p. sing.

He/she visited.

He/she didn’t visit.

Did he/she visit?

1st p. plur.

We visited.

We didn’t visit.

Did we visit?

2nd p. plur.

You visited.

You didn’t visit.

Did you visit?

3rd p. plur.

They visited.

They didn’t visit.

Did they visit?

Rule:

Subject + base form of the verb + -ed

Subject + didn’t / did not* + base form of the verb

Did + subject + base form of the verb

*In the negative, the auxiliary can have a long or short form: He didn’t visit. = He did not visit. **You can answer a yes/no question with a short answer: e.g. Q: Did you visit Paris? A: Yes, I did. / No, I didn't. one hundred and fifteen #

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Subject

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-ED: PRONUNCIATION /t/

/d/

wanted

helped

called

visited

looked

loved

ended

missed

played

attended

watched

IN

/Id/

washed sniffed

Spelling exceptions! enjoy

enjoyed

stay

stayed

hurry

hurried

try

tried

stop

stopped

plan

planned

arrive

arrived

use

used

travel

travelled

cancel

cancelled

Rule

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Past simple

vowel + -y: regular verb + -ed

consonant + -y: -y g -ied

stressed vowel + consonant: double the consonant + -ed

ex em

pl

Base form of verb

If the final sound of a regular verb is a voiced consonant, vowel or diphthong, then ‘-ed’ is pronounced as /d/.

N

If the final sound of a regular verb is a voiceless consonant (= /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /T/, /t‘/, /‘/) then ‘-ed’ is pronounced as /t/.

VA

If the final sound of a regular verb is pronounced like the letters /t/ or /d/ then ‘-ed’ is pronounced as /Id/.

verb ends in -e: verb + -d

vowel + -l: double l + -ed

IRREGULAR VERBS

Many verbs are irregular! You have to learn them by heart. See Summary, p. 118-119.

Positive (+)

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

1st p. sing.

I was.

I wasn’t / was not.

Was I?

2nd p. sing.

You were.

You weren’t / were not.

Were you?

3rd p. sing.

He/She/It was.

He/she/it wasn’t / was not.

Was he/she/it?

1st p. plur.

We were.

We weren’t / were not.

Were we?

2nd p. plur.

You were.

You weren’t / were not.

Were you?

3rd p. plur.

They were.

They weren’t / were not.

Were they?

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Subject

in

FORM

one hundred and sixteen #

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2 Past simple of ‘to be’

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‘To be’ is a special verb. – It has an irregular form in the past simple. – There is inversion to ask questions. e.g. He was happy. g Was he happy?

IN

USE – To talk about past facts and states. e.g. The weather was absolutely gorgeous!

N

– To talk about actions and events that happened in the past and that are completely over. e.g. When I was 5, my dad taught me how to swim.

Yesterday

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in November 2014

Now

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and seventeen #

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pl

When I was 5

VA

– There is often a specific time indication: yesterday, 2 years ago, last week, in 2015, etc. e.g. It all started in November 2014. I went to the beach yesterday.

117


Past simple

Past participle

My notes

arise

arose

arisen

be (auxiliary)

was/were

been

bear

bore

born/borne

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

bet

bet

bet

bid

bid/bade

bid/bidden

bite

bit

bitten

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

build

built

burst

burst

buy

bought

cast

cast

catch

caught

choose

chose

come

came

VA

N

IN

Base form

aa r©

3 Irregular verbs

brought

built

burst

bought

cast

pl

caught

chosen

ex em

come

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

one hundred and eighteen #

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cost

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UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


froze

frozen

get

got

got/gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hang

hanged/hung

hanged/hung

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

lay

laid

lead

led

leave

left

lend

lent

let

let

lie

lay

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

prove

proved

proved/proven

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

IN

freeze

My notes

N

Past participle

VA

Past simple

aa r©

Base form

laid

led

left

lent

let

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and nineteen #

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ex em

pl

lain

119


sent

sent

set

set

set

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone/shined

shone/shined

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

split

split

spread

spread

stand

stood

steal

stole

stick

stuck

strike

struck

swear

swore

swim

swam

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

undertake

undertook

undertaken

upset

upset

upset

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

wind

wound

wound

write

wrote

written

IN

send

My notes

N

Past participle

VA

Past simple

aa r©

Base form

split

spread

stood

stolen

stuck

pl

struck

sworn

in

ki

jk

ex em

swum

one hundred and twenty #

120

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


VOCABULARY

1  HOLIDAYS

IN

WINTER HOLIDAY

skiing

aa r©

VA

CULTURAL HOLIDAY

sightseeing

going on a city trip

taking a guided tour

ex em

pl

© Oleg GawriloFF / Shutterstock.com

© bodumsurf / Shutterstock.com

snowboarding

N

dog sledding

visiting a museum

ki

in

rafting

hiking

backpacking

rock climbing

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and twenty-one #

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ADVENTUROUS HOLIDAY

121


floating on your air mattress

building a sandcastle

lying in a hammock

riding a banana boat

parasailing

ex em

pl

ACCOMMODATION

B&B (bed and breakfast)

swimming

glamping

caravan

one hundred and twenty-two #

122

© Radiokafka / Shutterstock.com

in

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jk

surfing

snorkeling

scuba diving

aa r©

VA

N

IN

BEACH HOLIDAY

youth hostel

tent

luxury hotel

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


2  STAYING AT A HOTEL

IN

THE HOTEL BUILDING

lift / elevator

aa r©

FACILITIES AND SERVICES

gym

hotel dining room

double bed

twin beds

jk

1 2

2 5

1

a hotel suite with a double bed (1) and ensuite bathroom (2):

3

shower (1) and bath (2)

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

4

toilet (3), towels (4) washbasin (5)

one hundred and twenty-three #

ki

single bed

in

spa centre and swimming pool

ex em

IN YOUR ROOM

room service

pl

revolving door

VA

reception

N

hotel lobby

123


Before writing

1 Why & what? Why are you writing?

e.g. Are you very happy or unhappy about the service you got/the trip you went on? What are you writing about?

IN

STRATEGY

HOW TO write a good (online) customer review

N

e.g. a family trip, a sightseeing tour, a guided tour, etc.

VA

Be prepared

Do you know how to send in your review?

aa r©

e.g. email or customer form

pl

2 While writing

Be descriptive

ex em

Describe the product (e.g. the trip) that you are reviewing in 1 to 2 sentences.

Give details

Don’t just say: ‘The room was dirty’ but give examples and details to back up your argument.

Use complete sentences

Don’t write things like, ‘okay food, terrible service’. People will believe your review more if you write in complete sentences, rather than fragments that leave the reader wanting more.

Personalize your review

Be honest Don’t make up things or exaggerate to make your point.

one hundred and twenty-four #

in

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Write about your experience, so people can determine if they would like to use that service as well.

124

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


Write a well-organized and structured piece

Review of Hotel Marina

Poor Average Very Good Excellent

54

Date of stay: July 2021 Room tip: Always go for the top floor room. Trip type: Traveled as a couple Value

Cleanliness Service

Ask himanshu0505 about Hotel Marina

aa r©

Your review Share your experiences to help travellers make better choices and plan their dream trips.

23

Reviewed November 14, 2021

It was a pleasure staying at this brand new property, which is 5 minutes walking from the Mall. Marina is a nice hotel with excellent food and service. They offer complementary fruit, chocolates and coffee in the room. Breakfast is good and you can choose: Indian, continental, etc. Also the restaurant is very good and reasonably priced. Overall the experience was brilliant and enjoyed our weekend getaway a lot. I will definitely stay there again.

N

Terrible

himanshu0505 Faridabad, India

VA

Give a fair rating

IN

Positive feedback for wonderful stay

Name what you are reviewing.

Title of your review Write a short title that gives an idea of the tone of your review.

3

pl

After writing

ex em

Edit

Avoid mistakes

Proofread! A review full of grammatical errors takes away your credibility as a reviewer.

Submit

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and twenty-five #

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Submit or send in your review.

125


HOW TO structure vocabulary Structuring vocabulary is a personal process. No 2 people will structure the words in exactly the same way. Choose the way that works best for you. Here are some tips.

IN

1 Preparation

N

Read through the word list and/or look at the pictures.

VA

2 Meaning

Try to understand the meaning of every word.

3 STRUCTURING Which words belong to the same category in terms of content?

– Try to establish links: • Which words are synonyms? • Which words are antonyms?

pl

Find a keyword or category for the words that belong together. e.g. means of transportation: bus, car, boat, airplane

aa r©

Use dictionary or thesaurus if necessary.

ex em

Write the words schematically in a mind map, a tree structure or any other form that works for you. Do this on a sheet of paper or use a computer. Add pictures, drawings or descriptions if necessary.

one hundred and twenty-six #

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beach

126

types •

city trip

backpacking surfing hiking holidays • activities •

sunbathing

going to a museum sightseeing youth hostel accommodation camp site • luxury hotel

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


IN

… it is boring. … I don’t like to get wet. … I’m no daredevil.

In conversation:

aa r©

VA

I love … because… I’m fond of … because… I have a slight preference for … because… I prefer … I prefer … to … because… I like … / I like … much more than … because… I don’t like … because… I hate … because…

… it is relaxing. … I want to see the world. … I’m an active person.

N

Short phrases:

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

HOW TO state your opinion

I would definitely enjoy hiking because I love being outdoors.

jk

ex em

pl

– I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe enjoy … (-ing form of activity), because… – … (-ing form of activity) is what I would like to try / experience, because… – The activity that I would definitely / probably / possibly / maybe not enjoy is … (-ing form of activity), because…

– – – – – –

What do you mean by that? Could you explain that a little more? I don’t really understand what you mean. What is your point? I agree with you. I would like to add that…

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and twenty-seven #

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To keep the conversation going use some of the following expressions:

127


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Describing holiday activities

2

VA

N

1

aa r©

e.g. Lauren is kissing a dolphin in the pool. / Lauren kissed a dolphin in the pool.

4

ex em

pl

3

6

Berlin

one hundred and twenty-eight

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5

128

writing

IN

1 Lauren would like to make a collage of her trips to post on Instagram. Can you help her? Write a full sentence describing each picture: write what she is doing and where she is doing it. Look at the example.

Score

<6

6–8

>8

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

ex. 6

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


2 Use the correct preposition of place. Choose between ‘in’, ‘on’ or ‘at’. a I’ve been looking all over for the new John Green book. Where did you find it? I found it the library.

b My favourite scary movie is A Nightmare London,

St Mary’s Hospital.

d I love your new shoes. Where did you buy them? I bought them

IN

c Prince George was born

Elm Street. What is yours?

this thrift shop

corner of JFK Boulevard and 19th Street.

the Bahamas.

f One of the most exciting locations to celebrate New Year’s Eve

New York is

Times Square.

<6

6–7

Next exercise

ex. 6

ex. 3

>7

ex. 4

aa r©

Score

VA

somewhere

a sunny beach

N

e I would love to spend my holiday

the

© Luciano Mortula - LGM / Shutterstock.com

3 Read the text about holidays in Slovenia and answer the questions.

reading

a What is the source of this text?

ex em

c What is the text type?

pl

b What is the goal of the text?

d What is Slovenia’s capital and how is it described in the text?

e The writer of this text stresses the harmony of this trip. List 4 examples. –

jk

– –

ki

g What is meant by ‘Even the most restless teenagers will be thrilled and unstuck from their screens.’ in line 6?

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and twenty-nine

in

f What does ‘bonding’ mean in line 10?

129


Slovenia Ljubljana Family - Summer Teenage friendly

Feedback rating: 86%

4 nights, 5 days

IN

Prog Code - HAR-09-FAM

Prices from £1099 per person

5

Family activity holidays in Slovenia are perfect for families who love the outdoors. Great for active teenagers who enjoy multiple activities.

Staying in the fairy-tale capital Ljubljana, you will be able to discover the best of this picture postcard country. Our Slovenia family activity holidays have been especially designed to showcase Slovenia’s outstanding natural beauty, but also offer the most action-packed itinerary possible. Even the most restless teenagers will be thrilled and unstuck from their screens.

VA

1

N

Add to wishlist

10

aa r©

Get ready for many days of fun, thrills, spills & laughter, as well as the opportunity to visit many stunning locations such as the iconic ‘Lake Bled’. There are too many activities to mention, but some of the highlights include white water rafting, kayaking and SUP boarding. Our dedicated tour leaders look after our families from start to finish, creating fun and bonding the groups together. They always find the balance between adventure and relaxation. Although the week is packed with action, there is also ample family time and space for your own explorations. If you want to buddy up with similar families who appreciate exploring a country in an authentic way, then you must join our Slovenia family adventure holiday this summer. Adapted from: https://www.greenworldholidays.com

6–8

>8

ex. 4

ex. 6

in

ki

jk

ex em

Next exercise

<6

pl

Score

one hundred and thirty

130

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


4 San Francisco (West Coast, USA) is a very popular tourist destination. Match these ‘must-see’ attractions with their descriptions.

2

IN

1

reading

GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE

aa r©

ALCATRAZ

VA

4

3

N

CABLE CARS

FISHERMAN’S WHARF

ex em

pl

5

UNION SQUARE

A This area is the most visited section of San Francisco. Here you can enjoy street performers, fresh seafood, unique shops and visit the sea lion colony on the west side of Pier 39. B This bridge is known all over the world. It was built in 1937 and it is more than 2.7 km long.

jk

C This area is located in the heart of the city and is known for its fantastic shopping.

ki

D This means of transportation is a national historic landmark. It is the world’s last permanently manually operated means of transportation.

1

Score

2

<3

Next exercise

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

3

4

5

3–4

5

ex. 5

ex. 6

one hundred and thirty-one

in

E This very small island used to be the home for criminals like Al Capone. The prison that was built on the island was said to be inescapable.

131


5 Watch the introductory clip on San Francisco. Are the following statements true or false? Correct if they are wrong. Statement

True False

San Francisco is located in California about 350 kilometres from L.A.

2

The most interesting activity in Union Square is watching people.

3

Chinatown is located south of Union Square.

4

Pier 39 is quite far from the Embarcadero.

5

Alcatraz was used as a prison until 1863.

6

The Palace of Fine Arts was built in the beaux-arts style of architecture.

7

From the Golden Gate Bridge, there is a view over the Pacific Ocean.

8

Some trees at the park are a century old.

ex em

<6

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

1

Score

Next exercise

≥6

Check 2, p. 133

WATCHING

6 Watch Sam Whitney’s summer video.

one hundred and thirty-two

in

ki

jk

a List 10 things he did during the summer. Use an online dictionary if you don’t know all the words.

132

WATCHING

b Structure these words in such a way that they make sense to you. Use a separate sheet of paper. c Explain the logic you used to your teacher. Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 5

Check 2, p. 133

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


CHECK 2 ⁄ Talking about past situations 1 What did you do last weekend?

writing

a Preparation: think of all the things you did last weekend and select the 5 most noteworthy activities.

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

b Action: write 5 positive and 2 negative sentences about your activities.

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist below.

ex em

Checklist: what I did last weekend

Yes

I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I wrote 5 positive sentences. • I wrote 2 negative sentences. • I described the activities I did last weekend.

jk

2 Language • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I used the correct words to describe the activities. • I used ‘in’, ‘on’ and ‘at’ correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

Score

<6

6 – 10

> 10

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

ex. 4

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and thirty-three

in

ki

Feedback

133


2 Read the reviews and fi ll in the missing verb forms in the past simple tense.

Gong

Review of Shangri-La Hotel, At The Shard, London

Madalina and Fabio. Those two

IN

Received fantastic service at the Gong Bar, particularly from the staff

(1 to be) brilliant, they

(2 to make) our experience amazing and

(4 to have) the best

N

(3 to go out) of their way to ensure we seating. Definitely recommend!

VA

Source: www.tripadvisor.com

Wonderful 18th birthday treat

aa r©

Review of Ting Restaurant

I

(1 to book) Ting Restaurant as a special treat for my

daughter’s 18th birthday, and it

to disappoint)!! The food and service

(2 not

(3 to be) excellent.

I would like to also thank our waiter on the night, Berk, who really (5 to feel)

pl

(4 to look) after us. My daughter extra special. Thank you, will defo be back.

ex em

Source: www.tripadvisor.com

Score

<8

≥8

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 4

3 Fill in the correct form of the verb in the past simple form.

jk

My worst vacation ever!!!

ki

It

one hundred and thirty-four

in

mom and I

134

(1 to be) a day to remember. It was a rainy Friday. My best friend, my (2 to be) on a flight to North Carolina. Originally we

(3 to plan) for Myrtle Beach South Carolina. Mom

knowing it Our disaster plane,

(4 to book) the flight not

(5 to be) a three-hour ride from Raleigh Airport. (6 to start) when my best friend, who had never been on a (7 to get) scared upon our boarding the plane. She

(8 to run) to the ladies’ room. Mom

(9 to try) to comfort her, however, by the

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


time she

(10 to get) back on the line every one already

(11 to board) the plane. We

(12 to miss) our 7 p.m. flight. We

(13 to have) to be on standby for the next flight. We

(14 to stand) in the

Upon our arrival at Raleigh Airport it was already 1 a.m. in the morning. Now our

(15 to

destination was supposed to be Myrtle Beach South Carolina. We try) getting a taxi, but no one

(16 to want) to take a three-hour trip. We

(18 to recall) she had a friend

N

(17 to stay) until daybreak. Mom

(19 to explain) the situation we were faced with. Finally

after sitting in the airport for four hours, her friend Source: www.teenink.com

≥ 15

(20 to pick) us up.

aa r©

< 15

Score

VA

living there. Mom

IN

airport until 11 p.m. before we were able to get on a flight to North Carolina.

ex. 5

Next exercise

4 Read the extract from Love and other train wrecks by Leah Konen and fi ll in the missing verb forms. Careful: choose past or present tense! I CAN HEAR HER FOOTSTEPS BEHIND ME, THE CHUG-CHUG of the suitcase dragging (1 to be) almost out of the woods. Literally, at least. But

pl

over exposed tree roots. We

figuratively, I don’t know. This is why I

(3 can) never just go like you always could. Ammy

ex em

I

(2 to think) before jumping, Rina. This is why (4 to take) a deep

breath behind me. ‘There better be a bus station on the other side of these woods,’ she says. I’m praying that there is one. That I

(5 not to lead) us on a wild-goose chase to

prove a point. And that I haven’t ruined both of our nights with one stupid decision. It’s strange (6 to move) from good to bad. We were going along, chatting (7 not to tell) her my parents almost

jk

about our lives. I

split up) last year. Or that I’m pretty sure they

(9 to cash) in the last of their savings

ki

to take this damn ‘love renewal cruise.’ Even so, it

in

Someone who

(10 to be) nice to talk to someone.

(11 to have) the patience to listen, who

rush) me to just get on with it, say what I

already. And then, the moment

(12 not to

(13 to have) to say, make a damn decision (14 to be) over. We

under the falling snow. Hoping against hope we Adapted from: Leah Konen, Love and other train wrecks, 2015, p. 65

Score

< 12

> 12

Next exercise

ex. 5

ex. 6

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

(8 to

(15 to be) back

(16 not to be) completely lost.

one hundred and thirty-five

how quickly things

135


5 Look at the pictures of Aida’s trip through some Asian countries. Make the given sentence affirmative, negative and/or a question. Affirmative

1

Aida walked quite a while to the airport terminal.

IN

Negative

2

N

Question

Negative

Aida didn’t get a window seat.

aa r©

Question

VA

Affirmative

3

Affirmative

pl

Negative

ex em

Question

jk

4

Negative

ki

Aida didn’t visit this marvellous temple in South Korea.

Question

Aida brought her umbrella.

Negative

in one hundred and thirty-six

136

Affirmative

Affirmative

5

Did Aida like the Singapore skyline?

Question

Score Next exercise

<7

≥7 Check 3, p. 139

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


6 Link these travelling idioms with their meaning.

2

3

4

5

IN

1

N

a Match the beginning and the ending of the idioms.

VA

aa r©

8

9

10

To go

A

light.

2

To be in

B

has sailed.

3

To be

C

the boat.

4

That ship

D

off the beaten track.

5

To rock

E

the cart before the horse.

6

To travel

F

out of your suitcase.

7

To take

G

has left the station.

8

To live

H

in the same boat.

9

Don’t put

I

someone for a ride.

10

The train

J

the driver’s seat.

1

2

in

ki

jk

1

3

4

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

5

6

7

8

9

10

one hundred and thirty-seven

ex em

pl

7

6

137


b Use the idioms in the correct context. Look at the pictures to help you out! 1 Jason loves to go hiking without a map. He is fond of

.

2 Has your class decided to organize the event together? No, in fact Helen made all the decisions; she is

. .

IN

3 Don’t judge me, we’re all

4 We’re good friends but I don’t think we’ll ever be anything more to each other – .

. I just washed some clothes and he was

ready to go.

VA

6 I don’t think we’ll get more money for our project. I’m afraid

N

5 Jack truly

.

7 Booking a hotel without knowing how you will get there is

aa r©

.

8 I like to carry my bags onto the plane, so I try

.

9 You borrowed €20 from me last week and you want more? , aren’t you?

, but I can’t come to your party tomorrow.

< 15

Next exercise

ex. 5

≥ 15

Check 3, p. 139

one hundred and thirty-eight

in

ki

jk

ex em

Score

pl

10 I don’t want

138

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


CHECK 3 ⁄ Writing a review 1 You booked a room in a hotel. Unfortunately, your stay didn’t go as planned. a Preparation: watch the video and complete this description.

Rating:

«««««

What you get…

ROOM

• Excellent value

– Fan full of gunk and in décor

– –

aa r©

VA

What they promise…

IN

N

Hotel:

WATCHING

– Grubby around the

BED

• Price:

FOOD

pl

ex em

Total:

/ 15

written INTERACTION

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and thirty-nine

in

ki

jk

b Action: write your review based on your notes. Write 50-75 words.

139


c Reflection: check your review by filling in the checklist. Checklist: my review of the Brittania Gatwick Lodge

Yes

I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I used the information from the video. • I clearly stated my opinion. My text is 50-75 words.

N

IN

2 Language • I used the past simple tense correctly. • I used the correct words to describe the hotel. • I used ‘in’, ‘on’ and ‘at’ correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

Total:      / 10 < 15

Next exercise

ex. 2

15 – 20

> 20

aa r©

Score

VA

Feedback

ex. 3

ex. 4

2 Put the correct hotel term in the sentences below.

1 When you enter a hotel, you go to the desk or            to register.

pl

2 When you are in your room and you need something, you can call           .

ex em

3 When you’re staying on the tenth floor, you will be happy to use the            to get to your room.

4 Luxury hotels have a            where you can get a massage or use the jacuzzi. 5 When you share a room with someone but you don’t want to sleep in the same bed, you ask for           .

jk

6 Big hotels have a door where you can keep going around. We call that a               .

ki

7 When you want to have dinner in the hotel, you go to the               .

in

8 The            is the place in your room where you can neatly put your clothes.

one hundred and forty

140

9 When you want to get some fresh air without leaving your room, you can go on the           . 10 The place where people can sit to read the newspaper or wait near the entrance of the hotel is called the           . Score Next exercise

<7

≥7 ex. 3

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


WATCHING

3 Reviewing a tourist evening tour. a Watch the video and answer these questions. 1 Which city does the evening tour take place in?

IN

2 What does ‘to call it a day’ mean?

3 Highlight the monuments that are mentioned in the video. Capitol

Dr Martin Luther King Jr Memorial

George Washington Birthplace Monument

Golden Gate Bridge

Jefferson Memorial

Liberty Bell

Lincoln Memorial

Statue of Liberty

White House

VA

N

9/11 Memorial

aa r©

b Fill in the missing words in this review. You can choose from the words in the box below. Not all words are used. balance – bathrooms – e-ticket – explore – history – minivan – money – monuments – night – phone – tour – welcome

pl

Best night tour for small group or family

ex em

In a nutshell:

6

7

The 14-year-old and 60-year-old (and me, the 42-year-old) all loved it. Eddie drives a

and does not take more than 6 people total

– and he is an incredibly safe driver – more than anybody else around us on the road that

.

The small group and car gets you closer to the

in

ki

jk

and is faster to load than any bus

, – the bus tour people

looked way too large. Eddie knows his

in and out – and grew up in DC, so he

has a breadth and depth of knowledge that brings everything to life! Eddie gives clear, excellent directions for walking around the monuments. Essentially, he gives history during the driving parts, and gives you 15-30 minutes at each monument to

on your own. It is a perfect

. I was so surprised at how striking the monuments are at night – because the background buildings fade out of view, it seems to cast a focused reverence on each monument, which is fitting – and even my took great pictures!

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and forty-one

leslieo720 Virginia

141


PS – I was surprised to learn that most of the monuments have that are open at night (till midnight I think) – so that is good to know since it’s about a 3-hour tour, depending on how quick your group goes – on cold nights people tend to walk faster. Just book it – we all felt the

was well spent, the van was

IN

always warm on our cold night and I learned more than a whole year of

American History in high school... plus Eddie is a truly caring person who loves history – he is great at making all ages feel

.

< 12

≥ 12

VA

Score

N

Source: www.tripadvisor.com

All done!

Next exercise

aa r©

4 Summarize reviews of the ‘Old Black Horse’, a hotel located in Oxford.

a Preparation: read all the reviews of the ‘Old Black Horse’ and highlight the positive and negative points in the reviews. b Action: write a summary of the positive and negative points. Write about 50 words. Use some of the adjectives below and work on a separate piece of paper.

pl

busy – cheap – comfortable – cosy – elegant – expensive – hospitable – luxurious – neat – new – noisy – old – old-fashioned – quiet – romantic – shabby – tasteful – terrible – traditional – warm – welcoming

ex em

50 people have reviewed this hotel

Traveler rating

Write a review

See reviews for

2

Very good

13

Average

9

Poor

12

Terrible

14

Families

12

Couples

19

Solo

1

Business

12

Location Sleep quality Rooms Service Value Cleanliness

one hundred and forty-two

in

ki

jk

Excellent

Rating summary

142

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

reading

writing


‘Good old-fashioned value…’   Reviewed March 6, 2021 via mobile

aa r©

VA

N

IN

17th century coaching inn, which now finds itself on top of a busy main route into Oxford. Very welcoming once you are inside though, which includes the friendly and helpful staff… the landlord had most kindly even planned a route map for me to use the next day in order to travel to an interview! I stayed in room 5, which is really nicely refurbished in style to complement the character of the inn. However, the wifi is very unreliable in this room… keeps dropping the signal constantly. I would suggest that if you are visiting on business that you ask for a lower floor, where maybe the wifi would have a better signal. (As an emergency, 'Subway' across the road has perfect wifi signal). Apart from the wifi issue, you really can’t fault this inn. It’s very conveniently situated for Oxford City Centre, and the fact that it has its own car park is a bonus. Substantial breakfast too.

‘Old Black Horse – Oxford’   Reviewed June 23, 2021

ex em

pl

Stayed 2 nights at this pub June 20th. Very well located – approx 10 minutes from the centre and a stone's throw away from our favourite Moroccon restaurant ‘Kasbah’! Very friendly staff/landlord and the room was clean and comfortable. Breakfast was included in the price but we missed it both mornings due to prior commitments. The pub had its own car parking for residents which was a real bonus. Due to the warm weather we slept with the window open which proved a little noisy due to the room overlooking the main road – it didn’t bother me but some people may find it difficult. All in all I would recommend the Black Horse for price, location and friendliness. We will definitely stay there again. Value

Sleep Quality

Cleanliness

Location

Rooms

Service

jk

‘No lights working’

The lights of the room were not working. We asked the service to repair it, but they put off the reparation. Finally they did not repair it in 5 days!!! The hotel was clean, but a little noisy. It’s well connected to the city centre. Value

Sleep Quality

Cleanliness

Location

Rooms

Service

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and forty-three

in

ki

Reviewed September 5, 2021

143


‘Good location but noisy’   Reviewed September 9, 2021

IN

Almost centre of Oxford, lovely and very clean room however the rest of the hotel could do with a make over. Had booked 2 nights. This has got 4 stars from the tourist board how I don’t know, I would give it a good 2 stars.

N

Pros: Good location ­– Very nice and clean room – Free car park Cons: Rest of hotel needs make over – dirty old carpets in hall especially Is a pub with rooms above it – so no reception, reception is the bar and the barman. Sleep Quality

Cleanliness

Location

Rooms

Service

VA

Value

Source: www.tripadvisor.com

Checklist: writing a summary

aa r©

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Then swap texts with a classmate. Do you have the same information in your summary? Yes

I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I wrote a summary of all the reviews. • I referred to the positive and negative points. • I used some of the adjectives given.

ex em

pl

2 Language • I wrote a fluent paragraph of about 50 words. • I used the correct words to describe the hotel. • I used ‘in’, ‘on’ and ‘at’ correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 3

All done!

one hundred and forty-four

in

ki

jk

Score

144

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


CHECK OUT REVIEWING A HOLIDAY ACTIVITY ORIENTATION

IN

You will write about a holiday activity and review it.

PREPARATION 1 Prepare your review.

N

writing

– Take 3 cards: 1 activity, 1 location and 1 price. Write down what you see on each of the cards.

PRICE

VA

LOCATION

aa r©

ACTIVITY

– Make a mind map first and write down all the elements that you want to talk about. Think about the location, the price, the service, the experience, etc. – Write your review as if you were really there.

ACTION

written INTERACTION

Check the language and the sentence structure. Use the correct vocabulary. Use the past verb forms. Follow the rules of review writing. Add details!

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE

one hundred and forty-five

in

ki

jk

ex em

– – – –

pl

2 Write your review (about 75 words).

145


REFLECTION 3 Refl ect on your task by fi lling in the checklist. Checklist: reviewing a holiday activity

Yes I think so

N

aa r©

Feedback

VA

2 Language • I used correct vocabulary to describe activities. • I used the past tenses correctly. • I used correct prepositions. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

IN

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 75 words. • I clearly reviewed the activity. • I added details to make the review personal. • My review has a good structure.

No

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Trace your steps on diddit.

one hundred and forty-six

146

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE IS OUT THERE


UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

Step 1:

expressing conditions and hypotheses

Step 2 :

giving instructions

pl

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

IN

CHECK IN

ex em

SUMMARY

Step 3 :

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

describing experiences and consequences

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: ORGANIZING A SCIENCE FAIR


CHECK IN GETTING INSPIRED 1 Read the poem by the American children’s poet Kenn Nesbitt and answer the questions.

N

IN

a Have you ever done a similar project?

one hundred and forty-eight

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

– with a little aid:

aa r©

– I showed it off at school:

VA

b What is a science fair?

c What do the following expressions mean?

148

reading

My project for the science fair was absolutely cool. I built myself a time machine and showed it off at school. Inventing it was not too hard; I had a little aid. My future self came back in time and showed me how they’re made. Kenn Nesbitt ‘My Project for the Science Fair’ copyright © 2005 Kenn Nesbitt. All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission of the author.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


2 Watch the clips in which young people show their inventions. Then answer the questions below. First, you will see Jonathan.

WATCHING

a How old is Jonathan?

c What can you use it for?

WATCHING

aa r©

3 Watch the second invention and answer these questions.

VA

d What happens after Jonathan has explained his invention?

N

IN

b What did Jonathan invent?

a How old is Ann? Where is she from?

ex em

pl

b What did Ann invent?

c How did she get the idea?

4 Marissa invented the Puff-n-Fluff dog drying system. Do you have any idea what it could be or what it could look like? Watch and answer the questions.

WATCHING

jk

a Who is with Marissa?

c Would you use this invention on your dog? Why (not)?

5 Which invention impressed you the most? Why?

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

speaking

one hundred and forty-nine

in

ki

b How does Marissa’s invention work?

149


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ Get it down to science

Expressing conditions and hypotheses

IN

1 ⁄ Words of science

WATCHING

1 Watch the video and answer the questions.

N

a This extract is:

an advertisement for a film

an advertisement to attract new competitors for the next edition of this science fair

a documentary on the Olympics of Science Fairs

aa r©

b Which typical parts of a science fair do you recognize?

VA

an example of a science fair

pl

SCIENCE FAIR

ex em

2 What type of word or ‘part of speech’ is ‘fair’ in ‘science fair’?

3 You will get a list with words. Organize them and decide what part of speech they are. Use a dictionary if necessary. An adjective

A verb (to …)

in

ki

jk

A noun (a, an, the …)

one hundred and fifty

150

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


IN VA

Down 1 A date before something must be done. 2 A written version that contains the main ideas of something that is not yet in its final form. 3 To check whether the result is correct. 5 Feeling or showing happiness. 7 A set of actions and rules to do an experiment.

aa r©

Across 4 Someone who can come up with new and interesting ideas is … 6 A person who is interested in and knows a lot about a particular subject. 8 A way of doing something. 9 A synonym for to participate. 10 If you really want to know something, then you are …

N

4 Use the words from exercise 3 to complete the crossword.

1

pl

2

3

5

ex em

4

7

8

9

10

one hundred and fifty-one

in

ki

jk

6

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

151


Did you know? There are many English words that are spelled the same but pronounced differently. Such words are called heteronyms. One set of heteronyms are words that can be used as different parts of speech. /’k&:n.d^kt/ to conduct (verb)

analyses (plural noun)

/1'n@l.si:z/

/’k{nÌd^kt/

IN

e.g. conduct (noun)

analyses /’@n{laIzIz/ (3rd person singular of ‘to analyse’)

N

When you use an explanatory (English-English) dictionary (such as Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary, Merriam-Webster or Collins), you can listen to the pronunciation. Often you get both the British and the American form.

VA

Pay attention to the stress which is shown with a stress mark (a short vertical line printed before the syllable that gets the most stress) or which is underlined. 5 Practise saying the following words as different parts of speech.

aa r©

a Highlight the syllable that is stressed when the word is a noun in one colour.

b Highlight the syllable that is stressed when the word is a verb in another colour. c Underline the syllable that is stressed when the word is an adjective in yet another colour. d Look up the words you don’t understand.

2 Conduct 3 Conflict

11 Object

7 Impact

12 Perfect

8 Import

13 Produce

9 Impress

14 Record

10 Minute

15 Subject

ex em

4 Content

6 Export

pl

1 Attribute

5 Contest

in

ki

jk

e Do you know any other heteronyms? Make a list below.

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UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


2 ⁄ What if? 1 Read the following Science Fair film reviews and answer the questions.

reading

a Are the following statements true or false? Correct the false statements. Statement The first author is sure that you will like the documentary.

If you watch this documentary, you will only see science geeks.

When these high school scientists go to a prom, they drink too much according to the 2nd reviewer.

aa r©

4

The third reviewer thinks the younger generation is optimistic about the future even if it doesn’t look like it.

If you like science documentaries, you will like Science Fair – the winner of Sundance Film Festival’s Festival Favorite Award about kids who savagely compete to be crowned the best young scientists in the world. […]

ex em

1

pl

in

ki

jk

Source: www.inverse.com

3

2

Science Fair is about the scientific process, as demonstrated by cool, smart, and flawed high school scientists who are clearly geniuses. They’re also bros, nerds, and quiet ‘invisible types’. They don’t always do their homework. They go to prom and turn up (assumedly) hung over for their flight to the biggest science competition in the world: Intel’s International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). And that’s where the drama unfolds.

Source: www.inverse.com

Even if the future seems bleak at times, the emerging generation is full of hope and wonder, curiosity and verve. Source: www.rottentomatoes.com

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

assumedly: here: pretended, act as if emerging: upcoming, next flawed: imperfect, containing mistakes (flaws) savagely: madly, very enthusiastically to unfold: to be made known verve: energy, enthusiasm

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VA

N

2

False

IN

1

True

153


b What do sentences that start with ‘(even) if’ express?

2 Read the following jokes and answer the questions.

IN

a Check the verb forms in the sentences. Is there a difference between the verb forms of the first and the second part of the sentence?

b What type of situation is described in each of the jokes? real and possible situations (in the future)

N

unreal or imaginary situations (in the present or the future)

2

What do you get when you cross a caterpillar and a parrot?

pl

If you drop a white hat into the Red Sea, what does it become?

Wet

ex em

Source: www.funology.com

Source: www.funology.com

4

What do you get when you cross a fridge and a stereo?

If you cross a vampire with a teacher, you get lots of bloody tests.

Cool music

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ki

jk

3

A walkie talkie

1

aa r©

1

VA

situations in which one thing automatically causes another (always true)

154

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


3 Complete the following rules of chemistry. Use the verbs from the box below. to be (2x) – to boil – to freeze – to heat – to measure – to melt 1 If you heat water to 100°C, it          . 2 If water reaches a temperature below 0°C, it          .

IN

3 If you           ice, it          .

4 When you          healthy, your normal body temperature          37°C.

but they           it in Fahrenheit.

a Highlight the verb forms in the sentences. b Write what tense they are in.

aa r©

1 If something can go wrong, it will go wrong.

VA

4 Now check the following sentences and answer the questions.

N

5 When Americans speak about temperature, they don’t use Celsius,

2 If my geography teacher teaches English, some of us will find it difficult to understand.

pl

3 If my geography teacher taught English, some of us would find it difficult to understand.

ex em

4 I will reduce the use of plastic if I bring my lunch in a reusable lunchbox.

5 We could do better for the environment if people cared more about it.

c Which sentences express the following? – real and possible situations (in the future) – unreal or imaginary situations (in the present or the future)

ki

jk

5 Use the information from the previous exercises to complete the grammar box about conditional sentences.

GRAMMAR

Conditional sentences A condition is something that must be fullfilled before something else happens or will happen. A condition mostly starts with

.

e.g. If my experiment succeeds, I will be over the moon.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

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HOW TO talk about possibilities and conditions

155


There are different types of conditional sentences. Conditional sentences that express: • a situation in which one thing

another are called

conditionals. • a

or

consequence are called

• something

IN

conditionals. are called

The verb forms used in conditional sentences depend on the situation: if-clause = condition

main clause = consequence or result

VA

Zero conditionals (simple or continuous) First conditionals

aa r©

Second conditonals

N

conditionals.

Keep in mind!

– The if-clause can come before or after the main clause.

e.g. I will be over the moon if my experiment succeeds.

= If my experiment succeeds, I will be over the moon.

– In a zero conditional, if = when.

e.g. If people smoke cigarettes, their health suffers.

= When people smoke cigarettes, their health suffers.

= Every time you do this.

pl

ex em

– In written English if the conditional clause comes first, you put a comma between

See p. 176

it and the main clause. You don’t use a comma if the main clause comes first.

6 Match the sentences.

I would fail I will pass I will fail I would pass I will surprise my chemistry teacher I would surprise my chemistry teacher

a b c d e f

ki

jk

1 2 3 4 5 6

2

3

4

5

6

in

1

if I knew all chemical elements by heart. if I didn’t study. if I studied. (but I don’t!) if I study. if I don’t study. if I know all chemical elements by heart.

7 Complete sentences 1 to 5. Then write 3 other conditionals of your own (6-8).

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1 If I were a science teacher, I 2 If I can finish my biology task before the deadline, my teacher 3 If you make a draft version first, 4 My own invention will be successful if

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


5 My science project would be successful if 6 7 8

a Match the inventions to their names.

A

B

Quack: a duck-billed muzzle for dogs

B

C

C

D

Shower mic

D

E

Shoe umbrellas

Head mounted toilet paper dispenser

N

Anti-pervert stocking

E

VA

A

IN

writing

8 What are these weird inventions used for?

b Think of a situation in which you could use this gadget. e.g. If you like to eat healthily, you will enjoy this carrot peeler and sharpener.

aa r©

2

ex em

pl

1

3

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

5

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4

157


SPOKEN INTERACTION

9 What do you think about these weird inventions? Explain to a partner. a Which invention from exercise 8 would you choose if you had to choose one for a school project?

If I had to choose one of these inventions, I

If I

IN

b What would you suggest to the inventors of these gadgets? the inventor of

N

VA

3 ⁄ The scientific method 1 Scientists use the scientific method to conduct experiments.

a Complete the gaps with the most appropriate word from the box.

aa r©

accurate – to analyse – background research – conditions – to conduct – to construct – data – display board – factor – hypothesis – measure – prediction – to repeat – research question – results – to verify b Put the steps in the correct order.

reading

HOW TO CONDUCT A SCIENCE EXPERIENCE

pl

STEP

Before you start an experiment, you guess what the outcome might be. This is called . A good one allows you to then make a prediction: If…, then…

ex em

the

Predictions should be easy to

.

STEP

Start by describing a

: how, what, when, who, which, why,

where?

jk

STEP

ki

Finally, you communicate your

to others in a final report and/or a

.

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STEP

158

Your experiment tests whether your

is

, and

thus your hypothesis is supported or not. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test. You

a fair test by making sure that you change only one at a time while keeping all other

the same.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


You should also

your experiments several times to make sure that

the first results weren’t just an accident. STEP You don’t want to repeat mistakes from the past, so you do some

IN

. STEP After conducting the experiment, you collect your

the prediction. Scientists often find that their predictions were not

N

it to

and

accurate, and their hypothesis was not supported. In such cases, they will communicate a new

VA

the results of their experiment, and then go back and

hypothesis and prediction based on the information they learned during their experiment. This starts much of the process of the scientific method over again. Even if they find that

aa r©

their hypothesis was supported, they may want to test it again in a new way. Adapted from: www.sciencebuddies.org

2 Now use the information from exercise 1 to complete this flowchart. STEP 1

STEP 2

STEP 3

No

STEP 4

in

ki

STEP 6

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

STEP 5

Yes

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ex em

pl

START

159


one hundred and sixty

160

If

– Repeat steps 1-6 with your other two guinea pigs.

– Next, ask the same person to stare at a dull colour (e.g. grey) for 60 seconds. Again, take their pulse.

– Then make one participant stare at a vibrant colour (e.g. yellow, red, or blue) for 60 seconds. Take their pulse during the experiment and note it down.

– Second, take each participant’s pulse while they are relaxed.

– First, invite three people to take part in your experiment.

N

Mom Dad Brother Bridgette

82

79

81

82

Vibrant color

IN

If I had to do a follow-up experiment,

NEXT TIME

VA

at a vibrant colour,

When

Dull Vibrant Normal

64

Bridgette 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

65 68

Dad

66

Mom Brother

Dull color

Person

aa r©

pl

• Stopwatch • Different variety of coloured paper • Guinea pigs • Paper • Pencil

Sight and heartbeat

ex em

jk

Does your heartbeat respond more to a vibrant colour or a dull colour?

ki

in 3 Read about the science project ‘Relationship sight and heartbeat’. a Complete the display board with the correct titles.

reading

CONCLUSION – DATA & GRAPHS – HYPOTHESIS – MATERIALS – PROCEDURE – RESEARCH QUESTION

Adapted from: https://www.1000sciencefairprojects.com

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


b Complete the hypothesis with the given information. c Complete the conclusion. d Think of a follow-up experiment, and add to the ‘Next time’ section of the table below. SPOKEN INTERACTION

e Think of 3 critical questions you would ask if you were a member of the jury. 1 What do you think that happens if…?

IN

2 If you… what…?

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

3 Do you think the result will/would change if…?

jk

4 Let’s do an experiment in class.

ki

a Read the procedure of the following experiment and complete the research question and hypothesis.

reading

c In pairs conduct the experiment and draw a conclusion. d Which follow-up research question(s) can you think of for this experiment? Add to the ‘Next time’ section of the table below.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

SPOKEN INTERACTION

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b Complete the list of materials. Which other 2 items do you need?

161


HYPOTHESIS

Multitasking

aa r©

pl N

IN

What happens if

NEXT TIME

If

CONCLUSION

VA

– Finally compare the duration of both attempts.

– Time the second attempt.

– Then repeat this action but write the letters and corresponding numbers simultaneously. So write M then 1, U then 2…

– Time this procedure.

– One person writes the word MULTITASKING on the board, and then adds the numbers from 1 to 12.

PROCEDURE

• A board

• A guinea pig

MATERIALS

ex em

jk

RESEARCH QUESTION

ki

in

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UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


5 Watch the following youngsters introducing their science fair projects and answer the questions.

WATCHING

a Do you think these kids are presenting their projects well? Why (not)? – The boy:

IN

– The girl:

N

b What aspects are important when presenting? Complete the strategy box below. Choose words from the box.

VA

body language – end – enthusiastic – jokes – linking words – opening – the science board – structure

STRATEGY

HOW TO give a presentation 1 Start with a good – Be confident.

aa r©

.

. If you are nervous, start with a deep breath

– Pay attention to your

and stand in an easy, straight position with your feet shoulder-width apart. 2

your talk. – Use a speaking frame (e.g.

).

pl

– Open and close each section with a clear transition. Use

to

ex em

connect the different parts of your speech (e.g. Firstly, secondly, then, next). 3 Inspire and entertain. – Be

!

– Don’t be afraid to make

. Making your audience smile is the

easiest way to success.

4

powerfully.

ki

jk

– Refer to what is next (e.g. a follow-up experiment), call on your audience or ask a question.

See p. 184

speaking

a Preparation: complete the information sheet you will get about your own weird invention.

b Action: – Present your weird invention to one or more peers. – Think of a good way to start. e.g. If you… , then… You will love my invention if… – Check the tips in the Summary on p. 184 on how to give a presentation.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

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6 Remember the weird inventions on p. 157? If you had to invent a funny but useless item, which object would you create and why?

163


c Reflection: check your task, and then ask for feedback from a peer. Checklist: presenting an invention

Yes

IN

1 Content and structure • I started my presentation in an inviting and creative manner. • I explained my invention in such a way that the listener understood what I described.

I think so No

N

2 Language • I used appropriate stress and emphasis to hold the listener’s attention. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

VA

Feedback

aa r©

CHECK 1, see p. 186

STEP 2 ⁄ What is the trick of the trade? Giving instructions

1 You will get a worksheet. Walk around the class and find someone who knows how to…

SPOKEN INTERACTION

pl

a If your partner answers affirmatively, then ask them to explain how.

ex em

e.g. The best way to… is first to… then… afterwards… next… also… finally… The trick of the trade is… b In the last column, write keywords to help you remember what to do.

2 Watch the video in which 2 siblings are trying to teach their dad, Josh, how to make a PB & J sandwich. Answer the questions.

ki

jk

a Why did the boy’s first attempt fail?

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b Before watching the next attempt, write clearer instructions on how to make the sandwich.

164

First Second Step 3 Next Finally

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

WATCHING


c Now compare the daughter’s instructions to yours. Do you think your instructions would be approved by the father? Why (not)?

IN

d Do you think you need to improve your instructions? Change your first attempt (if necessary). Now watch the daughter’s next try. e Which tips to write good instructions has she already applied? Break the instructions down into small steps. Add comments like ‘This is easy peasy lemon squeezy’.

VA

Reread and rewrite instructions carefully.

N

Be as specific as possible.

Express steps in a positive way. Write ‘use a butterknife’ instead of ‘don’t forget to use a butterknife’. Add signalling words.

aa r©

Use action verbs to give instructions.

f Which of these tips could she use to improve her instructions?

g Watch her final attempt. Did she manage to write exact instructions?

pl

ex em

3 Watch the video on how to make a paper airplane and put the steps in the correct order.

WATCHING

Title:

What you need:

What to do:

Fold the slanted edges of the top of the paper in so they run along the middle crease.

jk

STEP

STEP

Lift the paper over and repeat, folding the slanted edge over to meet the middle crease forming the other wing.

STEP

Place the paper on a flat surface in front of you.

STEP

Fold down the top folded edge on one side so that it runs along the original middle crease.

STEP

Fold the entire right side of the paper over the left side along the middle crease so that all the new folds are on the inside.

STEP

Fold the top 2 corners down toward the crease to form 2 triangles creating a point at the top and press the folds flat.

STEP

Fold the paper in half lengthwise, make a crease, unfold the paper and smooth it flat again.

ki

in

Unfold the wings slightly upward and you are ready for take-off.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

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STEP

165


4 Check the verb form in the instructions on how to make a paper airplane. a What form of the verb is used? b Complete the grammar box below.

GRAMMAR

IN

HOW TO give instructions To give instructions or to say that someone has to do something, we use . of the verb.

N

The imperative is the

e.g. Place the paper on a flat surface in front of you.

e.g. Don’t aim at people with your paper plane!

e.g.

to give the order in which we have to do something:

aa r©

We also use

.

VA

To say that someone is not allowed to do something, we add

See p. 178

5 Now tell a classmate how to make a paper airplane.

speaking

6 When you are doing science experiments, safety rules are crucial. The students in the illustration violate them. Which ones? The words from the box below might be useful.

writing

ex em

# rule 1:

pl

electronic device – first aid kit – glass beaker – gloves – lab coat – loose hair – safety goggles – smell chemicals – taste liquid

# rule 2:

# rule 3: # rule 4:

# rule 5:

# rule 6:

jk

in

ki

# rule 7:

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UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


Did you know? You can replace the following linking words by a more interesting alternative. This will add variety to your English vocabulary.

IN

also  too (Put it at the end of the sentence.) e.g. You also have to take…  You have to take… too. but  however (Start a new sentence.) e.g. You can move forward but don’t forget to take an extra card.  You can move forward. However, you should take an extra card.

N

- -

7 Write the instructions for a game you like.

writing

VA

a Preparation: choose a game you like (e.g. Cluedo, Hide and Seek, Uno, Yahtzee, Monopoly, Werewolves…) and think about the rules for playing it.

aa r©

b Action: – Write down the rules step by step. Use a separate sheet of paper. – Use linking words. – Add conditionals, e.g. If you do X, then you will… – Don’t mention the name of the game.

c Reflection: check your instructions using the checklist. Then have a partner read what you wrote. Can they guess which game you described? Checklist: giving instructions

Yes

I think so No

pl

1 Content and structure • I explained the rules clearly, so the reader understands what to do. • The order is logical.

ex em

2 Language • I used imperatives. • I wrote full sentences. • I added linking words. • I varied my linking words.

jk

Feedback

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

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ki

CHECK 2, see p. 193

167


STEP 3 ⁄ Have you succeeded? Describing experiences and consequences SPOKEN INTERACTION

VA

N

IN

1 Sometimes experiments fail. What do you think this girl has done?

2 Look at this short article. Before you start reading, answer the following questions.

reading

aa r©

a Based on the title, what do you think the text will be about?

b What do you think the author is suggesting with the bold subtitle?

c Look at the source of the text. What does this tell you?

pl

ex em

DID A STUDENT BREAK BOTH ARMS JUMPING OFF A BUILDING FOR A SCIENCE PROJECT?

A photograph appears to show a student who literally researched the question ‘jumping off buildings – how high is too high?’

jk

In the photograph, a young blonde girl stands in front of a piece of poster board set up for a school science fair. The title of her project is ‘Jumping Off Buildings: How High is Too High?’ – and the girl apparently used herself as a guinea pig. She sports a cast on each of her arms. Depending on how you look at it, it’s a terrible use of the scientific method, or a kid truly dedicated to her schoolwork.

ki

Source: www.snopes.com/fact-check

3 Read this tweet. What does it tell you?

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reading

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UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


IN N aa r©

a Why did Kaitlyn have a cast on each of her arms?

VA

4 Read the article to fi nd out what really happened.

b What do you think of Kaitlyn and her mother’s reaction? c How would you react?

reading

SPOKEN INTERACTION

MEME OF INGERSOLL STUDENT WITH BROKEN ARMS HAS GONE VIRAL AND SEEN BY MILLIONS ON NUMEROUS SOCIAL MEDIA SITES First up Ingersoll resident Kaitlyn Homan wants people to know she never, ever jumped off a water tower.

pl

1

ex em

Secondly, she wants them to know, that, yes, she has seen the viral meme that was created from an altered photo shot by the Sentinel-Review photographer five years ago.

5

And, Homan, now 19, said she hopes her Facebook friends will now stop tagging her in a photo that originally was of her with two broken arms standing in front of a science project about the Ingersoll water tower. Homan was 14 and attending grade eight at Woodstock Christian School, formerly John Knox, when the photo was snapped. The meme went viral after someone came up with the idea of changing the title of the science project from Ingersoll Water Tower to Jumping Off Buildings: How High is Too High?

jk

10

ki

‘It was funny at first but now it’s just annoying’, she said. […] The photo shows Homan with two broken arms that were the result of a snowboarding accident earlier that year. According to her mother Lizette Schinkel Homan, her daughter had picked the water tower as the topic of her science project ‘out of the blue’ and thought it might be an interesting topic to research.

20

Last year, while camping, Homan said she was stopped briefly at Tim Hortons when she first saw the meme on an Instagram page. ‘I thought it was kind of fun’, she said. ‘It wasn’t offending anyone – a lot of memes can be hurtful.’ From there it spread across numerous social media sites and even appeared on a public Ingersoll Facebook page.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

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15

169


Kaitlyn, who is currently studying social work at Redeemer University in Hamilton, said last month the meme could be found on one social media site with 12.4 million followers. ‘Twelve million people have seen her face’, her mother said. ‘That’s probably a strange feeling.’

25

IN

Her advice to meme readers? ‘Don’t believe everything you see on the Internet, a lot has been photoshopped’, she said. An online forum entitled Snopes, which examines and fact checks urban legends, even published a story about the Ingersoll water tower meme, letting the Internet know the photo had been doctored and was a fake.

30

N

Schinkel Homan predicts the Internet will soon tire of her daughter’s meme.

‘It’ll die off’, she said. ‘But in five years someone will find it and Photoshop it again.’

VA

Source: www.woodstocksentinelreview.com

Did you know?

aa r©

These days it is often hard to distinguish facts from fake news. It is useful to assess the credibility of the source. Reliable sources: – CNN (www.cnn.com)

Unreliable sources:

– The Onion (www.theonion.com) – News Thump (newsthump.com)

– The Times (www.thetimes.co.uk)

– Before it’s News (www.beforeitsnews.com)

pl

– The Guardian (www.theguardian.com)

ex em

5 Read the following statements about the article in exercise 4 and decide if they are true, false or if there is not enough information in the text to decide. Statement

Kaitlyn has already jumped off other high buildings.

2

She has experienced how gullible people are.

3

She hasn’t yet tried to have her photograph permanently removed.

4

The meme has gone viral and is on at least 2 social media sites.

5

Kaitlyn’s father has also seen the viral meme.

False

Not in text

in

ki

jk

1

True

one hundred and seventy

170

6

Twelve million people have seen her face on the Internet.

7

During her project she has found out how wind turbines work.

6 Look at the sentences in exercise 5 and answer the following questions. a What verb is used in every sentence? b Highlight the other verb form in each sentence.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

reading


c Underline the correct answer in the box below. In sentences 1-3

In sentences 4-7

– The verb is regular/irregular.

– The verb is regular/irregular.

– The form of the verb looks like/does not

– The form of the verb looks like/does not always look like the past simple tense.

look like the past simple tense.

.

verb are:

IN

– The corresponding base forms of the

– The corresponding base forms of the

verb are:

.

N

7 The verb tense in exercise 5 is called present perfect (simple) and the main verb of that tense is in the past participle form of the verb. Use the information from exercise 6 to answer the questions below.

VA

a Fill in the table below with the verb in the correct form.

come – create – examine – find – go – know – pick – say – study – want Regular verbs Past participle

e.g. jump

e.g. jumped

Base form

Past participle

aa r©

Base form

Irregular verbs

e.g. seen

pl

e.g. see

ex em

Rule: past participle of the verb =

Study by heart! See the list in Unit 2 on p. 118-119.

Tip: regular past participle =

b Complete the sentences below, and then write down the rule on how to form this new tense. Form of the present perfect (simple)

Positive

Negative

have / jump /

Kaitlyn

Kaitlyn

jump

a snowboarding

in

see / share /

Question Kaitlyn off

accident.

a water tower.

A lot of people

Kaitlyn’s friends

change

off a water tower? Kaitlyn’s friends

the meme. Rule:

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

the meme.

the original photo?

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jk

Verbs

171


8 Complete the following quotes by Albert Einstein with a verb in the present perfect tense. Choose a verb from the box below. to create – to fail – to forget – to learn – to make – to reach – to try (2x) Education is what

I

remains after one

,

but on the 100th time came

what one learned in school.

success.

N

One thing that I

Anyone who

in a

never

VA

long life: science is the most

a mistake

precious thing we have.

never

It cannot be changed without

aa r©

The world as we it is a process of our thinking.

IN

99 times and

© Grey82 / Shutterstock.com

an

I

age when, if someone tells me to wear socks, I don’t have to.

pl

changing our thinking.

anything new.

9 Read these sentences from various science articles.

ex em

a Fill in the verb in the present perfect form. 1 Researchers

information that

(to discover) so much about SARS-CoV-2 – (to be) vital for public health responses and the

rapid development of effective vaccines.

2 Around the world this year, more than 80 million people

jk

diagnosed with COVID-19, and more than 1.7 million

3 Researchers

(to be) (to die).

(to find) a way to get carbon out of the air and

ki

convert it into jet fuel.

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4 Researchers

172

(to discover) a previously unknown

superhighway network that can be used to travel through the Solar System much easier and faster.

5 Of 30,000 dead camels that Wernery, a veterinary microbiologist at the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory in Dubai, and his team

(to examine)

since 2008, 300 had guts packed with plastic.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


6 Also in love with winter landscapes?

you ever

snow angels? And have

(to make)

(you ever to wonder) how a snowflake

gets its shape? There is science behind the wondrous shape of a snowflake! 7 The young scientists may not be old enough to drive a car yet, but they (to invent) gadgets that will change their communities.

IN

already

b Link the sentences in exercise a to an explanation.

a (past time) action that is important now, or that has a result or consequence now

N

something that started in the past and continues in the present (unfinished actions)

VA

an accomplishment or experience up until now (possibly with already, ever or never) 10 Complete the grammar box below about using the present perfect tense.

aa r©

HOW TO talk about unfinished actions, consequences and experiences

GRAMMAR

The present perfect (simple) tense is used:

– to talk about actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past and that have now.

e.g. Researchers have discovered a lot about SARS-CoV-2. = so they will be able to help

e.g. Kaitlyn has made a display board to report her results. = so she knows what to do or say

ex em

pl

more people now

during her presentation now

è Careful: when you want to indicate when it happened, you have to use the past simple.

e.g. Kaitlyn made the display board in 2015.

– to talk about

or

up until now. Keywords:

jk

e.g. Kaitlyn has never jumped off a water tower.

in

– to talk about something that started

and continues

(unfinished actions).

Keywords:

e.g. Twelve million people have seen Kaitlyn’s face on the internet up to now. Around the world, more than 1.7 million people have died so far.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

See p. 179

one hundred and seventy-three

ki

Have you ever made a snow angel?

173


11 Use the present perfect tense to say what you think has gone wrong in the experiments in the illustrations below. a Link the keywords with the corresponding photographs first. Follow the example.

to break a light bulb to draw faulty conclusions

F J

C

to use inflammable substances to burn the omelette

G

D

to be unconvincing

H

to knock over the test tube

to combine substances wrongly

to overwork

IN

E I

B

to add too much liquid to the dough

to have a serious disagreement

N

A

2

aa r©

1

VA

b Then, write full sentences with the verb in the present perfect simple tense.

pl

e.g. D: The scientist has overworked.

ex em

3

jk

:

4

:

6

one hundred and seventy-four

in

ki

5

:

174

:

:

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


:

9

10

IN

:

N

8

aa r©

VA

7

:

:

SPOKEN INTERACTION

pl

12 Walk around the class and play the ‘Have you ever-BINGO’.

a Answer with a short response. (Yes, I have. or No, I haven’t.)

ex em

b If positive, then briefly describe the action or situation (when, what, how, where, how often…?). 13 Watch the following science experiment fails and describe what these people have done wrong. You can use the following verbs in your answers:

WATCHING

to aim – to lose – to set – to stick

1 The boy with the bottle rocket

jk

2 The next person

ki

3 The female assistant

4 The next guy

5 The science teacher

CHECK 3, see p. 197

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and seventy-five

in

175


HOW TO talk about possibilities, hypotheses and conditions

N

If we don’t do anything now, the ice caps will melt completely.

IN

(Conditional sentences)

VA

GRAMMAR

SUMMARY

If you heat water to 100 °C, it boils.

aa r©

If my geography teacher taught in English, some of us would fi nd it difficult to understand.

pl

A condition is something that must be fullfilled before something else happens or will happen. A condition mostly starts with ‘if’.

ex em

e.g. If my experiment succeeds, I will be over the moon.

Main clause

If you smoke,

your health suffers.

If you heat water to 100 °C,

it boils.

one hundred and seventy-six #

in

If we don’t do anything, present simple If my geography teacher taught English,

I will be over the moon. the ice caps will melt completely.

First conditional to talk about real and possible situations (now or in the future)

future simple some of us would fi nd it difficult to understand.

If people cared more about the we wouldn’t have all these environment, problems now. past simple

Zero conditional to talk about situations that are always generally true or facts

would/wouldn’t + base form of the verb

low probability

jk ki

If my experiment succeeds,

present simple

certainty

If-clause

present simple

176

USE

probability

FORM

Second conditional to describe imaginary or unreal situations (now or in the future)

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and seventy-seven #

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

Keep in mind: – In a zero conditional, ‘if’ = ‘when’. e.g. If you drop an egg, it breaks. = When you drop an egg, it breaks. = every time you do this – ‘If not’ can be replaced by ‘unless’. e.g. I will go to the pool if it doesn’t rain. = I will go to the pool unless it rains. – You can start or end a sentence with the if-clause. Add a comma if you put the if-clause first. e.g. If I buy local products, I will reduce my carbon footprint. = I will reduce my carbon footprint if I buy local products. – Use a present continuous in the if-clause of a first conditional if you are referring to a present action or future arrangement. e.g. If you’re looking for Before the Flood, you’ll find it in the documentary section.

177


HOW TO give instructions

(The imperative)

IN

Don’t aim at people!

aa r©

VA

N

Place the paper in front of you.

FORM

= base form of the verb

Negative imperative

= don’t + base form of the verb

pl

Positive imperative

ex em

e.g. Place the paper on a flat surface in front of you.

e.g. Don’t aim at people!

USE

– To order someone to do something. – To give instructions.

jk

Keep in mind:

If you want to structure your instructions, use linking words:

ki

– First(ly)…

one hundred and seventy-eight #

in

– Second(ly)…

178

– Then… – Next… – After that… – Finally…

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


HOW TO talk about unfinished actions, consequences (Present perfect simple) and experiences No I haven’t finished my science board yet.

IN

Have you done your science presentation already?

aa r©

VA

N

Oh, that’s too bad! I talked about my invention last Monday.

1 Present perfect simple

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

1st p. sing.

I have worked. I have fallen.

I have not worked. I have not fallen.

Have I worked? Have I fallen?

2nd p. sing.

You have worked. You have fallen.

You have not worked. You have not fallen.

Have you worked? Have you fallen?

3rd p. sing.

He has worked. He has fallen.

He has not worked. He has not fallen.

Has he worked? Has he fallen?

1st p. plur.

We have worked. We have fallen.

We have not worked. We have not fallen.

Have we worked? Have we fallen?

2nd p. plur.

You have worked. You have fallen.

You have not worked. You have not fallen.

Have you worked? Have you fallen?

3rd p. plur.

They have worked. They have fallen.

They have not worked. They have not fallen.

Have they worked? Have they fallen?

Rule:

Subject + have/has + past participle*

Subject + have not/has not + past participle*

Have/has + subject + past participle*?

pl

Positive (+)

in

ki

jk

ex em

Subject

* Irregular verbs have an irregular past participle. e.g. to eat g eaten to go g gone to write g written

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and seventy-nine #

FORM

179


USE

have discovered

have made

Future

VA

Now

Past

N

IN

The present perfect (simple) tense is used: – to talk about actions that happened at an unspecifi ed time in the past and that have a result or consequence now. e.g. Researchers have discovered a lot about SARS-CoV-2. = so they will be able to help more people now e.g. Kaitlyn has made a display board to report her results. = so she knows what to do or say during her presentation now.

ex em

pl

aa r©

è Careful: when you want to indicate when it happened, you have to use the past simple. e.g. Kaitlyn made the display board in 2015. – to talk about accomplishments or experiences in your life up until now. Keywords: ‘ever’, ‘never’, ‘already’, ‘so far’, ‘up until now’ e.g. Kaitlyn has never jumped off a water tower. Have you ever made a snow angel? – to talk about something that started in the past and continues in the present (unfi nished actions). Keywords: ‘ever’, ‘yet’, ‘so far’, ‘up to now’, ‘before’, ‘recently’, ‘lately’ e.g. Twelve million people have seen Kaitlyn’s face on the internet up to now. Around the world, more than 1.7 million people have died so far.

2 Irregular verbs

in

ki

jk

You can find the list of irregular verbs in the Summary of Unit 2, p. 118-119.

one hundred and eighty #

180

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


Bunsen burner

funnel

Erlenmeyer flask and glass beaker

ex em

microscope

safety goggles

jk

scales

in

ki

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

magnifying glass

pl

aa r©

lab coat

VA

gloves

N

test tubes in a test tube rack and pipette/dropper

a sample

Volt meter

one hundred and eighty-one #

IN

VOCABULARY

1  LAB EQUIPMENT

181


2  THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD My notes

conclusion

conclusie

hypothesis

hypothese

materials

materiaal

methodology

methodologie

procedure

procedure

(project) display board

tentoonstellingsbord

purpose

doel

results

resultaten

to analyse data

gegevens analyseren

to conduct an experiment

een experiment uitvoeren

to construct a hypothesis

een hypothese vormen

to draw a conclusion

een conclusie trekken

to take part in a competition/ to compete

deelnemen aan een competitie

to test a hypothesis

een hypothese testen

to verify a conclusion

een conclusie verifiëren

to win a prize

een prijs winnen

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

Translation

ex em

Word

Verb

Adjective

analysis

to analyse

analytical

3  SCIENCE WORDS AND DIFFERENT PARTS OF SPEECH

jk

What (noun)

astronomer

astronomical

biology

biologist

biological

chemistry

chemist

chemical

competition

competitor

one hundred and eighty-two #

in

ki

astronomy

182

Who (noun)

conclusion

to compete

competitive

to conclude

conclusive

construction construct

constructor

to construct

creation

creator

to create

creative

to experiment

experimental

experiment geography

geographer

geographical

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


What (noun)

Who (noun)

hypothesis invention

inventor

physics

physicist

Verb

Adjective

to hypothesize

hypothetical

to invent

inventive physical

to predict

predictable

repetition

to repeat

repetitive

scientist

scientific

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and eighty-three #

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

science

IN

prediction

183


BEFORE PRESENTING

1

What do you know about the topic? What words come to mind? Do your research.

VA

Know your audience

IN

Choose topic/subject

N

STRATEGY

HOW TO give a presentation

Who are they?

What do they know?

aa r©

What do they want to know?

Outline presentation

What do you plan to talk about? e.g. I’m going to talk about (your chosen topic) … My topic(s) … is/are …

ex em

pl

What is your message or story? e.g. In today’s presentation I’d like to … / show you … / explain to you how … I want to show you ... / I intend to demonstrate … / prove to you ... Let’s start by looking at … / I’d like to start by looking at … I got the idea when ... / I chose this because ... Now let’s move on to … / Moving on to the next part, I’d like to …

Produce your presentation Use visuals: video, PowerPoint, Prezi, science board, etc. Speak clearly: naturally and loud enough. Check the pronunciation of words. Practise: in front of the mirror or film yourself.

one hundred and eighty-four #

in

ki

jk

Conclude by repeating your message. e.g. In conclusion, I think it is clear that ... Thank you for your attention. That brings us to the end of my presentation. I’d like to thank you (all) for your attention and interest. If anyone has any questions, I’ll do my best to answer them. If anyone has any questions, please feel free to ask them now.

184

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


2 While presenting Open strong If you’re nervous show a video first or take a deep breath.

IN

Be confident: stand up straight.

Set the theme

Strongest points first.

Use good transitions

N

Be clear.

VA

Linking words are very useful here.

Inspire and entertain

aa r©

Be enthusiastic.

Use cue cards, don’t read.

Make a joke.

Make eye contact.

pl

After presenting 3 Check your goal

ex em

Does the audience know something more about the topic?

Was the audience interested?

Evaluate your performance How can I improve?

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and eighty-five #

in

ki

jk

What went well?

185


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Expressing conditions and hypotheses WATCHING

IN

1 Watch the video about the 5-second rule and answer the questions. a Complete the following sentences with a suitable conditional.

for fifty seconds,

3 You need to

VA

2 If you

N

1 If you pick up a piece of food after five seconds,

if you

want to be able to culture bacteria.

aa r©

4 If you want this result to be reliable, you

Total:

/5

pl

5 The scientist concludes that if

ex em

b You are not convinced that this myth is true, so you come up with follow-up research. Which conditions would you change? What choices will you make? Complete the following sentences. Finally write 2 sentences of your own. 1 If I could do this experiment,

2 If my chemistry teacher decided to do this experiment in class,

3 My chemistry teacher will be very happy if

jk

4 If I drop something for only 3 seconds,

ki

5 If

one hundred and eighty-six

in

6 If

186

Total:

/6

Score

<6

6–8

>8

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

ex. 5

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


2 Choose the most likely verb form in these sentences. 1 If I were a science teacher,

I organize a science fair. I will organize a science fair. I would organize a science fair. my teacher rewards me. my teacher will reward me. my teacher would reward me.

I invent a cure for any possible disease.

I will invent a cure for any possible disease.

N

3 If I could invent something to improve the world,

IN

2 If I can finish my biology task five days before the deadline,

VA

I would invent a cure for any possible disease. 4 Rust appears

if iron reacts to oxygen in water or air.

if iron will react to oxygen in water or air. if iron would react to oxygen in water or air. I please my geography teacher.

aa r©

5 If I take my atlas to school,

I will please my geography teacher. I would please my geography teacher.

6 I would choose physics

if I can learn a subject just by putting a schoolbook under my pillow.

pl

if I could learn a subject just by putting a schoolbook under my pillow.

ex em

if I will learn a subject just by putting a schoolbook under my pillow.

7 If you start with an unsuitable research question,

jk

8 When you laugh,

your experiment will be likely to fail. your experiment would be likely to fail. you use your abdominal muscles. you will use your abdominal muscles. you would use your abdominal muscles. your project fails. your project will fail. your project would fail.

10 If I won an international science fair competition,

I definitely add it to my CV. I will definitely add it to my CV. I would definitely add it to my CV.

Score

<6

Next exercise

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

6–8

>8

ex. 3

ex. 5

one hundred and eighty-seven

in

ki

9 If the data you use in an experiment is incorrect,

your experiment is likely to fail.

187


SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Find a partner and play Snakes and Ladders. Score

D

C

Next exercise

ex. 4

ex. 5

IN

4 Read about these classic science tricks and complete the missing verb forms in the instructions and comments.

N

to be – to become – to develop – to dissolve – to drop (3x) – to erupt – to float – to get (2x) – to have – must – to pierce – to play – to pop (2x) – to prefer – to succeed – to use (2x) – to want

HOW TO PUT A SKEWER THROUGH A BALLOON

VA

First we tried using Vaseline rubbed on the skewer and the balloon, but although we

could get the skewer in, the balloon always popped on the way out. We tried again

aa r©

using washing up liquid and it worked! So, if you

washing up liquid,

the balloon

If you

.

the balloon through the bottom and top where the rubber is

pl

thickest, and then push the skewer slowly but firmly into the balloon, your experiment . Adapted from: www.science-sparks.com

ex em

COMMENT:

I am such a clumsy person. I’m sure that the balloon perform this trick.

if I had to

MENTOS & SODA EXPERIMENT

If you

half of a Mentos Mints pack into a from

188

the bottle.

© Jana Harrer / Shutterstock.com

one hundred and eighty-eight

in

ki

jk

bottle of Coca-Cola, the soda

You you

a more spectacular eruption if a larger bottle.

COMMENT: If I could choose to either drink the soda or spill it in an experiment, I to drink it.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


IN

MAKING SLIME

make your slime thicker, you

add more

N

If you contact saline solution.

VA

with your slime a lot, the firmer and less sticky it

If you

.

(not) mould. Adapted from: www.wikihow.com

COMMENT: If I

aa r©

your slime in a zip-lock bag in the fridge, it

If you

a parent, I would not allow my children to make their own slime.

ex em

© Ekaterina Minaeva / Shutterstock.com

pl

FLOATING M CANDY EXPERIMENT

If you

M&M’s with the m side up in

water, the m

on the water in a

few minutes. The materials used to colour the M&M’s quickly if you the chocolate candy into the water.

Adapted from: https://littlebinsforlittlehands.com

jk

COMMENT:

Score

a bag of M&M’s I would rather eat them.

< 14

Next exercise

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

≥ 14 ex. 5

one hundred and eighty-nine

in

ki

If I

189


5 Work in pairs. You will get a set of cue cards from your teacher. a In turns you and your partner read the description on the card. Find the corresponding word on this bingo card as fast as possible. If you name the correct word first, you can cross it out.

I

N

G

O

PHYSICS

CURIOUS

VERIFY

CONDUCT

COMPETITION

EXCITED

HYPOTHESIS

METHODOLOGY

INVENTOR

CHEMICAL

PROCEDURE

COMPETE

DRAFT

EXPERIMENTAL

SCIENTIST

CHEMISTRY

PRIZE

N

IN

B

VA

DEADLINE

GEEK

INVENTIVE

Scientific method A person Adjectives Verbs

ex em

Related pairs (e.g. scientist – science)

pl

School subjects

aa r©

b Now put all words from the bingo card into these categories. Some words can be used more than once.

Heteronym

Score

D

Next exercise

C ex. 7 SPOKEN INTERACTION

jk

6 What if?

in

ki

– Pair up or form groups. – You need index cards and a pen. Every participant gets 3 cards and writes a question that begins with What if… at the top of each card. E.g. What if you could become invisible once a day? – Next collect all of the cards, shuffle them, and hand them out to everyone randomly. – Think of a witty answer to the question on each card. Start with then… and write the answer below the question. – For the last part, you will answer each question with a mismatched answer. Student A reads the question from one of their cards and student B answers by reading one of the answers from their cards. This can result in funny combinations.

one hundred and ninety

190

Score Next exercise

D

C Check 2, p. 193

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


7 Do you know your science idioms? a Match the following idioms to the correct description.

A To stop or prevent something from happening B To waste time by time by trying to create something that has already been invented

N

C To describe something technical or complex in a simple way

IN

1 it’s not rocket science – 2 to be on the same wavelength – 3 to pull the plug – 4 to blow a fuse – 5 to reinvent the wheel – 6 it is cutting-edge – 7 to get your wires crossed – 8 at a boiling point – 9 in layman’s terms – 10 to blind someone with science

D It is not difficult.

VA

E To explain someone something in a complex and technical way so they find it hard to understand it F To be confused

H To become very angry I It is innovative.

aa r©

G To understand each other well

J To reach your limit in patience or temper Total:      / 10

pl

b Now use an appropriate idiom in these situations.

1 My mother opened the door of my room and noticed that I still hadn’t cleaned up. Her .

ex em

temper was

2 When our chemistry teacher noticed we did not understand the chemistry vocabulary, she explained it again

. Then she taught us the

correct jargon.

3 To invent the newest vaccine, scientists started from scratch and used the latest .

jk

4 Today?!! I really thought the deadline was next week. I often 5 Our teacher

.

on our project because we were disregarding

Total:      / 5 Score

< 11

≥ 11

Next exercise

ex. 6

Check 2, p. 193

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and ninety-one

in

ki

safety rules.

191


8 Match the cartoon with the corresponding idiom. Ay caramba!

2

3

5

6

4

VA

Yes, that's really strange!

aa r©

I thought I told him to come on Friday, but he came on Saturday.

N

IN

1

8

9

ex em

pl

7

jk

10

To be on the same wavelength.

To pull the plug.

To blow a fuse.

To reinvent the wheel.

That is cutting-edge technology.

To get your wires crossed.

At a boiling point.

In layman’s terms.

To blind someone with science.

one hundred and ninety-two

in

ki

That’s not rocket science.

192

Score Next exercise

<7

≥7 Check 2, p. 193

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


CHECK 2 ⁄ Giving instructions 1 Give instructions on a daily routine.

writing

a Preparation: you will receive a card from your teacher with a daily routine that you must describe.

Checklist: writing instructions

aa r©

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist.

VA

N

IN

b Action: think of at least 5 different steps you need to do to finish this routine. Write out each step in at least 1 full sentence. Make sure that the reader understands your instructions.

Yes

I think so No

1 Content and structure • I explained the routine clearly, so the reader knows exactly what to do. • I described at least 5 steps.

pl

2 Language • I wrote full sentences. • I used correct verb forms. • I added linking words.

ex em

Feedback

Score

<6

6–8

>8

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

ex. 5

jk

2 Put the steps of a scientific process into the correct order. Add linking words to the first column. Use each of the following linking words once. Some, however, fit into several boxes.

reading

afterwards – eventually – fifth – finally – first – fourth – lastly – next – second – then – third

ki

observe and measure. think of an interesting research question.

make step by step instructions for the experiment. formulate a hypothesis. accept or reject the hypothesis. Score

<4

Next exercise

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

4–5

6

ex. 3

ex. 4

one hundred and ninety-three

in

gather all supplies and equipment needed.

193


194

If you hit the tray hard enough, the egg will safely drop into the water.

HYPOTHESIS

pl

HOW TO

place the tray centred over the cup.

strike the tray hard enough with your palm to send the tray flying, but not so hard you hit the glass of water.

place the tube on its end in the centre of the tray.

place the egg horizontally on the tube.

CONCLUSION

N

VA

aa r©

• 1 plastic cup of water with a mouth wide enough to fit the egg • 10’’ (25cm) piece of cardboard or a small tray with a smooth bottom • 1 paper towel or toilet paper tube • 1 egg (uncooked for more drama)

MATERIALS

EGG DROP CHALLENGE

ex em

jk

ki

How to drop an egg on a tube which is placed on a tray into water without breaking it?

PROBLEM

one hundred and ninety-four

in

IN

3 Read the instructions on how to do the egg drop challenge. a Put the instructions in the correct order by adding FIRST – SECOND – THEN – FINALLY in the ‘How to’ box.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

reading


WATCHING

b Now watch the video and check your answers. c Explain on the science board why this experiment succeeded. <3

Score

5

ex. 4

Check 3, p. 197

IN

Next exercise

3–4

4 Do you know how a balloon can infl ate all by itself? Watch the video and reconstruct the instructions. Use the words below in your instructions.

WATCHING

N

baking soda – a bottle – to fill – a funnel (see picture) – to pour – a tablespoon

VA

aa r©

pl

ex em

Checklist: writing instructions

Yes

I think so No

1 Content and structure • I explained the routine clearly, so the reader knows exactly what to do.

jk

2 Language • I wrote full sentences. • I used the suggested words correctly. • I used correct verb forms. • I added linking words.

Score

<7

Next exercise

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

≥7 Check 3, p. 197

one hundred and ninety-five

in

ki

Feedback

195


5 There are definitely routines or household chores you hate doing, e.g. brushing your teeth or cleaning your room. Think of an alternative way of doing it.

speaking

a Preparation: think of a routine you don’t like and complete the information sheet.

IN

b Action: record a 1-minute video in which you promote your newest invention. 1 minute is short so be sure you present the key elements powerfully. The 2 most important parts in a short presentation (or pitch) are the opening and the ending. This kind of presentation is also called an elevator pitch as it should only take the amount of time you averagely spend in an elevator (lift).

N

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Send your video to the teacher or a classmate to get some feedback too. Yes

1 Preparation • I completed the information sheet correctly.

aa r©

2 Presentation • I started with a creative opening. • I was enthusiastic. • The presentation was fluent. • The presentation lasted only 1 minute.

I think so No

VA

Checklist: promoting an invention

Feedback

<7

Next exercise

ex. 4

≥7

Check 3, p. 197

one hundred and ninety-six

in

ki

jk

ex em

Score

pl

3 Language • I used linking words correctly. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

196

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


CHECK 3 ⁄ Describing experiences and consequences 1 You help a friend who is going to compete in a national science fair competition. You are his critical buddy who checks whether all necessary steps have been taken. a Preparation: add 4 items to the checklist. Then exchange your checklist with a classmate.

pl

IN

aa r©

to write a testable research question to do background research to formulate a hypothesis to conduct an experiment to analyse data to verify your conclusions to follow the safety instructions

VA

SCIENCE FAIR PREPARATION CHECKLIST x x x x x x x

written INTERACTION

N

b Action: – Write a question for each of these items. e.g. Have you read the checklist? – Exchange your checklist again. – Answer your classmate’s questions using a short answer (Yes/ No, I …).

Question

ex em

1

Reply

2 3 4

jk

5 6

ki

7

9 10

Score

<9

9 – 12

> 12

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

ex. 5

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and ninety-seven

in

8

197


2 Complete these science facts with the verb in the present perfect simple.

1

If you (1 ever – to try) to make bubbles using plain water, you may have seen that it does not work. This is because the surface tension of water is too high. When detergent is added to water, it lowers the surface tension so that bubbles can form.

2

N

As digital devices (3 to take) over society, ‘keyboard activity is now often recommended as a substitute for early handwriting’, a new study notes. The idea is that typing may be easier for young children. ‘Some schools in Norway (4 to become) completely digital’, notes Audrey van der Meer [a neuropsychologist], the new study’s leader. The human brain has evolved to interact with the world in as many ways as possible, she notes. She believes that ‘young children should learn to write by hand successfully, and, at the same time learn to manage a keyboard.’

aa r©

VA

3

(2 we – to discover) all the land on Earth?

IN

Source: www.sciencebuddies.org

Source: www.sciencenewsforstudents.org

Researchers (6 to create) a Game Boy look-alike that runs on solar energy and button presses. Such devices could pave the way for more sustainable gaming. Game Boys seem so last century. But scientists in the United States and the Netherlands (7 to give) the old-time handheld game console a modern twist. Instead of batteries, the new device gets its power from the sun and the mashing of its keys.

ex em

5

Some of the greatest discoveries in medicine (5 to come) from studying diseases in both people and animals. For example, a virus that infected cows and people led to the vaccine for smallpox, the only human disease ever completely wiped out.

pl

4

jk

Source: www.sciencenewsforstudents.org

Many recent studies (8 to show) that sleep is important for dealing with stress. Some research (9 to find) that students can perform equally well in in-person versus virtual classrooms.

one hundred and ninety-eight

in

ki

6

198

7

COVID-19

(10 to leave) many people socially isolated.

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 4

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


3 Read the article about rain and climate control. a Complete the verb forms in the following article. Choose an appropriate verb from the box. to be (2x) – to begin (2x) – to change – to find – to increase – to make – to seek (past participle: sought)

Climate change

IN

LET’S LEARN ABOUT RAIN (1) where rain falls,

and how much. For instance, more water now gets dumped rain falls, so some areas that previously received plenty of rain (2) left high and dry. […]

VA

since

N

on cities during hurricanes. Climate change also moves where

Sometimes there’s too much rain. Sometimes there’s too

little. Sometimes it’s just right. No matter what, we can’t live

without it. So scientists spend a lot of time studying rain, where it falls and when. They (3) out that rain might fall on other planets.

aa r©

even

Is weather control a dream or nightmare? It’s no wonder that people

long

(4) to control the weather. The

right amount of sun and rain brings healthy crops, safety and prosperity. Too much or too little – starvation and death. […]

Weather control is the stuff of science fiction, but scientists

(5) it at least

pl

a little bit real. Whether people should be controlling their weather, though, is another matter.

ex em

Weather modification, of a sort,

(6) possible since the 1940s. We can now

cause some clouds to dump extra moisture on demand. People also

(7)

to transform the weather in an unintentional way – through activities that have been altering Earth’s climate. [H]uman activities

(8) changing the weather – and in some less-than-

subtle ways. Through climate change, says Bruintjes of NCAR, ‘We are already modifying the weather.’

jk

The planet’s climate and weather patterns are changing because human activities (9) the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases

ki

in the atmosphere. Those gases act like a big blanket covering Earth. They help to keep heat in. Without those gases, Earth would be a giant ice ball. But as those gases increase, The planet is now holding in more heat than it has for thousands of years. That extra heat provides more energy for the processes that drive the planet’s weather. And those effects are wide-ranging. Source: www.sciencenewsforstudents.org

Total:

/9

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

one hundred and ninety-nine

in

it’s as if the blanket is getting thicker and thicker, holding in more heat.

199


b Complete the following conclusions. Remember to use an appropriate conditional (cf. Step 1)!

reading

1 If scientists could control rainfall,

IN

2 If it stopped raining,

3 If scientists can control the weather,

N

4 If scientists cannot control the weather,

VA

5 If people continue to produce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases,

Score Next exercise

< 10

aa r©

Total:      / 5 ≥ 10

ex. 4

4 Watch Adam Savage’s YouTube show in which he explains his scary hand injury. a First watch the introduction and answer the questions.

ex em

pl

1 Guess what has happened to his finger.

2 Is this his first (serious) injury?

jk

ki

3 What advice does he give to his listeners?

in

two hundred

200

4 Why is he sneezing and blowing his nose frequently?

5 Why doesn’t he like to explain the cause of his injury?

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

WATCHING


b Then watch the remaining part of his video. What was the cause of his injury?

SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

c What about you? Find a classmate and take turns asking and answering questions about the following topics. Prepare your sentences below. Have you ever… 1 to have an injury?

N

VA

2 to witness anyone getting hurt? 3 to treat a (bad) injury yourself?

aa r©

4 to take any first aid classes?

5 to see Adam Savage’s TV show ‘Myth busters’?

Next exercise

≥7

ex em

5 Fact or fiction?

<7

pl

Score

All done!

reading

a Preparation: your teacher will hand you a science article. Read it and complete the facts in the chart below. Who?

ki

jk

What?

When?

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

two hundred and one

in

Where?

201


writing

N

IN

b Action: is the article fact or fiction? Explain your answer with at least 3 arguments. Structure your text using linking words. Write 30 to 40 words.

Checklist: writing an opinion

VA

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Then share your opinion with a classmate or the teacher. Yes

1 Preparation • I completed the reading chart about the article.

aa r©

2 Content and structure • I wrote about 30-40 words. • I gave 3 good arguments.

I think so No

pl

3 Language • I used linking words correctly. • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct vocabulary. • I used correct spelling.

ex em

Feedback

< 11

≥ 11

Next exercise

ex. 4

All done!

in

ki

jk

Score

two hundred and two

202

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


CHECK OUT ORGANIZING A SCIENCE FAIR ORIENTATION

IN

You will set up your own project to take part in a school’s science fair. You will invent something of your own or choose an invention from the internet to present.

PREPARATION

VA

What will you invent? Did you get inspiration during this unit? Is there something you really hate (doing)? Can you avoid doing it again? Look around. Is there anything that looks bad or is not okay? If so, can you fix it? Do you need help from the internet? If you do, make sure that you know what to look for. Then choose your best idea.

aa r©

– – – – – –

N

1 First brainstorm and write down all ideas you come up with. Think about the following questions:

2 Create your own information board. You can complete the board you will get or create one yourself. Be prepared to answer questions about your project.

writing

ACTION

pl

– What did you discover while doing this project? – How might the results differ, if you changed some elements, materials or procedures in your project?

ex em

3 Prepare a 3-minute presentation. Make sure your presentation is structured. Use the information from your information board and the tips and tricks on how to give a presentation (p. 184). What did you invent? Which materials did you use? Why did you invent this? How does it work? / How did you make it? Give instructions in a structured manner. What have you learned from your project? Evaluate yourself with the checklist after your presentation.

jk

– – – – – –

ki

4 Time for Q & A! a Listen to your peers presenting and take notes. b Use these notes to formulate critical questions. – What happens if… – Have you (tried/used/…)…

written INTERACTION SPOKEN INTERACTION

c Post your questions on the forum. d Answer the questions about your own project as specifically as possible.

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES

two hundred and three

in

speaking

203


REFLECTION 5 Fill in the checklist to refl ect on your work. Yes I think so

VA

2 Presentation and structure • There is a good opening. • There are good transitions. • I was enthusiastic. • The presentation was fluent. • I spoke clearly. • I made eye contact.

N

1 Preparation • I brainstormed to come up with the best invention. • I created a display board that has all the relevant information. • I practised my presentation.

No

IN

Checklist: organizing a science fair

aa r©

3 Language • I used the scientific words correctly. • I used linking words correctly. • I used correct grammatical structures (e.g. imperative, present perfect, and conditional sentences). • I used appropriate verb forms. • I pronounced the words correctly. 4 Pronunciation • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

ex em

pl

5 Follow up • I formulated at least 2 relevant questions about the projects presented. • I used correct verb forms to formulate my questions. • I answered questions about my project using appropriate grammatical structures.

Trace your steps on diddit.

in

ki

jk

Feedback

two hundred and four

204

UNIT 3: SCIENCE INSPIRES


UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

Step 1:

Step 2 :

reporting data

pl

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

describing schools and school objects

IN

CHECK IN

ex em

SUMMARY

Step 3 :

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

using the future tense

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: MAKING AN INFOGRAPHIC


CHECK IN WHAT WERE THEY THINKING?

2

4

5

3

VA

N

1

reading

IN

1 Pair up. You will get a set of texts. Match the images below with the texts. Write down the letter of the text for each image number below.

aa r©

6

8

ex em

pl

7

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

jk

1

SPOKEN INTERACTION

2 Discuss with a partner.

ki

a Which images or texts contain something that came true (at least partially)?

in

b What do we call these items today? c What has not come true? Why not, do you think? Could this ever come true?

two hundred and six

206

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ Hit those books Describing schools and school objects

IN

1 ⁄ School supplies

SPOKEN INTERACTION

1 Play the school supply memory game.

N

2 Briefl y study the images below. Then do the tasks below. a Watch the film trailer and tick the items you see.

WATCHING

5

6

3

aa r©

2

7

4

8

ex em

pl

1

VA

b Who remembers the most words? Write the correct word under each item.

10

11

12

14

15

16

13

two hundred and seven

in

ki

jk

9

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

207


19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

29

30

IN

18

aa r©

pl

27

31

28

32

ex em

© Andrei Kholmov / Shutterstock.com

VA

N

17

jk

c You will get a worksheet. Sort the words in exercise b into the appropriate categories.

d Add other words you know to the list in exercise c.

in

ki

3 Play the classroom bingo game. Whenever you hear someone say an expression on the bingo sheet, circle it. The first student to get a line (horizontally, vertically or diagonally) shouts: ‘Bingo!’

two hundred and eight

208

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

listening


4 Learn some school idioms.

a bookworm the teacher’s pet to pass with flying colours to draw a blank to put your thinking cap on to make the grade the class clown to ace a test

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

to bomb a test a piece of cake to cut class to hit the books to learn by heart to pull an all-nighter to crack a book

two hundred and nine

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

IN

a First match the cartoons with the idioms they depict.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

209


b What do these idioms mean? Look up their meanings in a dictionary. 1 2 3

IN

4 5 6 7

N

8 9

VA

10 11

13 14 15

aa r©

12

5 Watch the compilation of Mi Ying’s ‘What’s in my schoolbag?’ videos and answer the questions. a What kind of video is this?

pl

b Where would you watch a video like this?

ex em

c What does she do in the different parts of the video? – Beginning

– Middle

jk

ki

in

– End

two hundred and ten

210

d What is the most essential thing in her bag? e Why is it essential?

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

WATCHING


3

4

5

6

N

2

VA

1

IN

6 Name the items that Mi Ying shows.

aa r©

7 Make your own ‘What’s in my schoolbag?’ vlog.

speaking

a Preparation: take your schoolbag and empty it!

ex em

pl

– List the items below (at least 10!).

– Which of these objects could you not live without? Which of these objects do you (usually) not need at all? Select at least 5 objects (in total) and write them below in the relevant column. Things I don’t really need

b Action: make your own vlog. – Use the same structure as Mi Ying (beginning, middle, end). – Use the items from exercise a. – Your vlog should be between 1 and 3 minutes long. – Record your vlog on your phone and post it on an online platform (e.g. Smartschool, YouTube, Flipgrid, etc.).

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and eleven

in

ki

jk

Things I really need

211


c Reflection: reflect on your task by filling in the checklist. Then watch one of your classmates’ vlog and give them some feedback. Use the peer feedback form. Checklist: what’s in my schoolbag?

Yes I think so

No

IN

1 Content and structure • My vlog has a clear structure (beginning-middle-end). • I discussed 5 things I need and 5 things I don’t. 2 Language • I used the correct words. • I used correct basic grammar. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

2 ⁄ What does your school look like?

aa r©

1 Which places are there in and around your school?

VA

N

Feedback

a List them below and write down what you can do there. Use a dictionary if necessary. What you can do there

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Places

two hundred and twelve

212

b Form groups and compare your answers. Add places to your list if you do not have them yet.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

SPOKEN INTERACTION


SPOKEN INTERACTION

2 You will get a school layout map. Discuss with a partner. a What things or spaces are the same in your school? b What things or spaces are different from your own school? c Do you think going to a school like this would be nice? Why (not)?

IN

d Is there anything that is missing from this campus? If so, what? 3 Get creative and design your ideal school campus!

a Preparation: brainstorm with a partner about what you would like on your ideal school campus. Make some notes below.

N

speaking

aa r©

VA

b Action:

writing

– Draw your own school campus on a separate piece of paper.

– Label the different parts/buildings/rooms with the correct words. – Write a text of about 75-100 words in which you explain the idea behind your school campus. Make sure that you mention what you can do in the different places on your campus.

pl

– Explain your concept to another pair of students.

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist.

ex em

Checklist: our ideal school campus

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • We drew a school campus and labelled the different parts/ buildings/rooms. • There are separate paragraphs for each idea. • Our text is about 75 words. • We explained the concept behind the school campus.

ki

jk

2 Language • We used the correct words. • We used correct basic grammar. • We used correct spelling and punctuation in the text. • We paid attention to our pronunciation.

CHECK 1, see p. 241

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and thirteen

in

Feedback

213


STEP 2 ⁄ Your class in numbers Reporting data 1 ⁄ Who’s the teacher’s pet? SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

1 Discuss these questions. a What is your favourite subject at school? b What is your least favourite subject at school?

N

c How much time do you spend on homework during the week? d How much time do you spend on homework at the weekend?

VA

2 Below are some data from education research done by Cambridge International. Look at the charts and answer the questions. a What is the favourite subject at schools globally according to this research?

aa r©

b Is there information about the least favourite subjects in these graphs?

c How many students are in most classes globally?

d Is that more or less than there are in your class? Or is it the same?

pl

e How do most students do their homework?

ex em

Most studied subject

100%

88%

40%

84%

80%

65%

63%

59%

60%

jk ki

English Chemistry Physics

in two hundred and fourteen

214

20%

Biology

Class sizes

Maths

English

Biology

25%

80%

17%

20% 0%

Class sizes 21-30

64%

40%

7%

11-20

65%

60%

8%

0%

98%

100%

43%

1-10

0%

Homework

60% 40%

29%

30%

10%

20%

Maths

37%

20%

40%

0%

Favourite subject 38%

31-40

Laptop

Pen & paper

Smartphone

>41

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

reading


3 Now read the text about the 2018 Cambridge International Education Census and complete the sentences with words from the box.

reading

IN

38% – 43% – a high proportion of – almost 9 out of 10 – an almost equal proportion – arts and humanities – less than one in ten – mere – more than a quarter of – one in ten – one in three – quarter – rare – the third most – two thirds

N

VA

­

aa r©

­­ ­

­ ­

pl

­ ­

ex em

­­ ­

jk

­ ­ ­

ki

­

­

­ ­

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and fifteen

in

215


­­

­

IN

­ ­

­

­ ­

N

­

VA

­

­

aa r©

Adapted from: www.cambridgeinternational.org

­

4 Look at the percentages and fractions you fi lled in in the text in exercise 3. Use the information to complete the grammar box below. HOW TO report data 1/ Specifi c or general?

GRAMMAR

ex em

pl

If you want to be very specific, you can use the actual numbers of your research. e.g. 5 out of 25 students like mathematics. 12 out of 24 students don’t like French. If you want to make your results sound more general, you can use fractions:

e.g.

students like mathematics. =

students = 1/5th = one-fifth

= a fifth of students

the students don’t like French. =

=

Or you can use percentages:

e.g.

students like mathematics. =

students like mathematics.

jk

50 percent of students = 50% of students

in

ki

2/ Subject-verb agreement

two hundred and sixteen

216

Fractions (e.g. 1/3), percentages (%) and other parts of a whole follow normal countable/ uncountable rules. The verb agrees with the preceding noun or clause that serves as the subject. With a singular or uncountable noun, use a

:

e.g. One third of the study seems irrelevant. Fifty percent of the article is untrue. All the information is from 2018. None of it is the same.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


With a plural noun, use a

:

e.g. Nearly two thirds (65%) of the respondents say they study chemistry. More than a quarter of teachers have large classes. All of the students like mathematics.

IN

None of the teens here say the same.

N

After a collective noun (which stands for a group of people, e.g. group or team), you can either use a singular or a plural verb, depending on whether you want to emphasize the single group or its individual members: See p. 234 e.g. Half of our class says/say they like French.

1 Approximately six out of 10 U.S. K-12 teachers resource in their classrooms. 2 An overwhelming majority (91%)

4 More than 50% of the class technology too.

(to use) some type of digital

(to say) it is effective. (to be) very user-friendly.

aa r©

3 Most of the technology used

VA

5 Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct form. Use present simple in all sentences.

(to wish) teachers here would use more

5 More than a quarter of high school teachers

their classrooms.

(to use) video-streaming services in

pl

6 Approximately 60 percent of K-12 teachers

(to report) sexting as an issue.

7 Eight out of 10 K-12 teachers

(to have) laptops or tablets in their classrooms.

ex em

Source: www.commonsensemedia.org

6 Education in numbers. Link the underlined words in column A with a good alternative from column B. Not all alternatives can be used and sometimes more than one is possible! A

B

1 40% of people around the world do not have access to instruction in a language they speak at home.

A about a third

in

3 In low-income countries, 65% of girls between the age of 15 and 17 are not in school. 4 In 2014, 263m children and adolescents were out of school. Only 33% of these were boys. 5 Across sub-Saharan Africa in 2016, an average of 24% of children completed secondary school. 6 In 2010, 88% of 16-year-olds were in full time education in the UK.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

B more than three quarters of C more than 9 out of ten D almost one quarter of E almost 9 out of ten F nearly 3 in 10 G more than 50% H almost two thirds of I four in ten people

two hundred and seventeen

ki

jk

2 In 2016, 263 million children and adolescents were out of school. This is nearly one fifth of the global population of this age group.

217


7 29% of children can read a simple sentence after three years of school.

J almost 20% of

8 In 2000, 54% of the 378 million out-of-school children, adolescents and youth were female.

K almost one in three

9 Of the 63 million out-of-school children of primary school age, 34 million, or more than one-half, live in sub-Saharan Africa.

N more than half of

4

5

6

Source: www.open.edu and http://uis.unesco.org

7

8

N

3

9

10

VA

2

O more than 6 in ten

IN

M little over a quarter of

10 77% of persons with disabilities attend school compared to 87% of persons without disabilities. 1

L exactly half of

aa r©

7 Rephrase the underlined sentences from the 2018 Cambridge research. Use some of the expressions in exercise 4.

pl

ex em

two hundred and eighteen

in

ki

jk

­

218

­ ­

­ Adapted from: www.cambridgeinternational.org

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

reading


SPOKEN INTERACTION

8 Discuss these questions about the survey (ex. 3 and ex. 6). a What surprises you about the results? b If this survey was done in your class, do you think the results would be the same? Why (not)? c What would be the same? What would be different?

IN

Did you know?

If you create a scale with an odd number of categories, you will give a ‘mid-point’. This acts as a neutral option for your respondents to select.

N

Creating a scale with an even number of categories means that your respondents will have to pick an option on either the lower or higher end of the rating scale.

aa r©

Students who don’t really want to think about their own opinion, might opt for the middle option ‘neither agree nor disagree’, but for the person who does the research, this answer would be of no use because it doesn’t tell them anything about possible rule changes. So before you decide if you want an even or an odd number scale, think of the following questions:

VA

e.g. How much do you agree with the rules about using smartphones in class? strongly agree – agree – neither agree nor disagree – disagree – strongly disagree

pl

– What is the topic of your survey? – What is the purpose of your survey? – Who are your respondents?

9 Find out who your classmates really are…

ex em

a Preparation:

– Select 5 idioms from exercise 4 in Step 1, p. 209.

– Make 5 questions with those idioms. The answer to your questions should always be one or more of your classmates (be nice!). Check diddit on how to ask different types of questions.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and nineteen

in

ki

jk

e.g. Who is your English teacher’s pet? Who always aces math tests?

219


b Action: conduct a survey in your class. – Option 1: Make a worksheet for your 5 questions. Walk around the class and ask at least 10 people your questions. Make a note of their answers on your worksheet.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

written – Option 2: Make an online survey of your 5 questions. Send the questionnaire to everyone in INTERACTION your class.

writing

IN

– Analyse your results and write a short text (about 50-75 words) in which you report on the data you found. Vary your vocabulary: use different ways of reporting your data (check exercise 4).

aa r©

VA

N

e.g. One third of the students think Julia is the English teacher’s pet. A mere 1 in 10 think it’s Yasmin. Half of the students say I am the teacher’s pet!

pl

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Share your results with a classmate. Do you have the same results? Checklist: my mini research

Yes I think so

No

ex em

1 Content • I selected 5 idioms. • I wrote 5 questions about the idioms. • I made a survey and questioned my classmates (online or on paper). • I analysed the results. • I wrote a text of about 50-75 words about the survey.

jk

2 Language • I used different expressions to report the results of the survey. • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

in

ki

Feedback

two hundred and twenty

220

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


2 ⁄ What makes a good infographic? 1 Do the quick-scan race.

reading

2 Pair up! You will get 2 infographics from your teacher. Answer these general questions about them.

reading

IN

a What is the topic of these texts?

to inform the reader to tell a story to the reader to convince the reader of something

aa r©

to tell the reader to do something

VA

c What goal(s) do these texts have? Tick the correct box(es).

N

b What type of text is this?

d Which of the 2 texts do you consider to be the best? Why?

e What is wrong with the text you consider the worst? Tick the boxes. There is too much text and hardly any numbers.

pl

It is not well-organized: the information seems randomly positioned. There is just one colour (which makes it boring).

ex em

There are too many colours (which makes it chaotic). There are only numbers and no information. Other reason:

3 Sit with another pair of students and answer the questions below about the text you thought was the best.

reading

a Focus on the text in the infographics. Correct false statements.

jk

Statement

False

Good infographics have a lot of text.

2

The data used in the infographic are clear and based on reliable research.

3

The text on the infographic is all about the topic.

4

The structure of the infographic doesn’t matter.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and twenty-one

in

ki

1

True

221


b Focus on the visuals of the infographics. Which statements are true? Give examples from your infographics. True?

Statement

Example

How are numbers used? Numbers are used as eye catchers.

IN

Numbers are always written out because it is clearer.

N

Numbers are based on research or statistics.

How are colours used? Avoid bright colours but use shades of gray.

aa r©

Use colour to stress difference and similarities in the information.

VA

Numbers are often presented in percentages or fractions.

pl

Use as many different colours as you can in an infographic.

ex em

Choose a colour scheme and stick to it.

How are images, icons and pictograms used? It doesn’t matter which images you choose as long as you use enough. It is best to use one style of icon or pictogram.

ki

jk

Pictograms or images can replace text.

Icons and pictograms are just there to make your infographic look pretty.

two hundred and twenty-two

in

How is lettering used?

222

Use a different font in every different text block. Use only one font. Use a few different fonts to separate titles from text.

Bigger is always better when it comes to lettering.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


4 Use the information you gathered in questions 2 and 3 to complete these tips for making good infographics.

reading

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

IN

1 Length

2 Text 3 Data

N

VISUALS

VA

4 Numbers 5 Colours

aa r©

6 Imagery, icons and pictograms 7 Lettering

pl

5 Go online and find at least 3 apps or sites that can help you to make good infographics.

ex em

6 Use the information from exercise 9 on p. 219-220 to make an infographic using your favourite infographic site or app.

writing

a Preparation: check the data from your mini research in exercise 9, p. 219-220. b Action: put the data into an infographic. Use an online site or app or draw it yourself. c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: infographic

Yes I think so

No

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used a few good power words. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

CHECK 2, see p. 246

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and twenty-three

in

ki

jk

1 Content and structure • I used numbers adequately in my infographic. • I used imagery and pictograms adequately in my infographic. • I used colour adequately in my infographic. • I used lettering adequately in my infographic. • I used the tips for infographics.

223


STEP 3 ⁄ The past and future of education Using the future tense 1 ⁄ Schools of the past WATCHING

IN

1 Watch the video about schools of the past. Circle the correct answer. 1 Classrooms then… - …had up to 20 / 60 / 100 pupils. - …had single gender / co-ed classes.

N

- …had comfortable furniture / wooden benches. - …were taught by strict teachers / easy-going teachers. 2 Teachers then… - …worked part-time / had second jobs. 3 Students then…

aa r©

- …were often male / were often female.

VA

- …used slates or inkwells / advanced technology.

- …had only one teacher / had several teachers.

- …had to work after school / could relax at home after school. 4 Education then…

- …was often based on your intelligence / gender. - …could be military-like / very free.

2 What were schools of the past really like?

pl

reading

ex em

a Form groups of 3. Each of you will get part of a text about schools in the past. Read your part of the text. b Write down the main ideas of your part of the text here.

c Tell the members of your group about your part of the text.

jk

speaking

ki

d Finally, decide if the statements below are true or false. True

two hundred and twenty-four

in

Statement

224

1

Pupils would go to school by bike.

2

In some schools, there was already a system of ‘peer teaching’.

3

Pupils were sometimes beaten by the teachers.

4

Younger and older students often sat in the same classroom.

5

The school year was longer than it is today.

False

3 Play the statements game about schools today versus schools of the past.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

SPOKEN INTERACTION


2 ⁄ Schools in Britain and the US today SPOKEN INTERACTION

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

© Igor Gallo Kalassa / Shutterstock.com

two hundred and twenty-five

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

1 Look at the photographs below. Do you think they were taken in British or American schools? Write B for British and A for American. Discuss with a partner why you think so.

225


2 What are the differences between British and American schools? a In your group you will get a set of ‘answers’ and a worksheet. Read the text and match the answers to the correct questions. Make sure not to copy the entire text! Just answer the question on the worksheet.

reading

b Form new groups. Explain to the members of this new group which answers you found.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

c Make sure you have an answer for every question. SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Discuss these questions. a In what ways are American and British schools different from your school?

N

b Which system do you prefer? Why?

a What kind of book are you expecting?

SPOKEN INTERACTION

VA

4 Read the blurb for the book Winger and answer the questions.

b What kind of life do you think boarding school students have?

WINGER (ANDREW SMITH)

aa r©

c Is this type of school life something you would like to experience? Why (not)?

ex em

pl

Ryan Dean West’s life is complicated. He’s a 14-year-old junior at Pine Mountain, a boarding school for rich kids. He’s stuck rooming with the biggest jerk on the rugby team. And he’s totally in love with his best friend, Annie, who thinks of him as a little kid. Andrew Smith’s Winger is ‘smart, wickedly funny… unforgettable’, according to Kirkus Reviews.

Adapted from the blurb of Winger

5 Read the excerpt from Andrew Smith’s Winger and answer the questions.

jk

a What do you think ‘O-Hall’ is? Why does Ryan Dean have to stay there?

b What is ‘varsity’ (line 7)?

ki

a sports team belonging to the ‘B league’ (as opposed to the ‘A league’)

two hundred and twenty-six

in

a school’s best team of a particular sport

226

a sports team consisting of the youngest players c What is ‘first string’ (line 7-8)? a player who mostly sits on the bench a player who is used as a substitute when another player gets tired one of the better players of the team, a player who usually starts the game

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

reading


d What does Ryan Dean mean when he says, ‘my day started off upside down in a toilet’?

IN

e Why is Ryan Dean nervous about Chas’s arrival?

NOTHING COULD POSSIBLY SUCK WORSE than being a junior in high school, alone at the top of your class, and fourteen years old all at the same time. So the only way I braced up for those agonizing first weeks of the semester, and made myself feel any better about my situation, was by telling myself that it had to be better than being a senior at fifteen. […]

5

I might have been smaller and younger than the other boys, but I was the fastest runner in the whole school for anything up to a hundred meters, so by the end of the season last year, as a thirteen-year-old sophomore, I was playing wing for the varsity first fifteen (that’s first string in rugby talk). […]

VA

NO ONE HAD TO KNOCK in O-Hall. The knobless doors couldn’t be locked, anyway. That’s the biggest part of the reason why my day started off upside down in a toilet. So when I heard the door creak inward, it felt like all my guts knotted down to the size of a grape.

pl

15

All I had to do was make it through the first semester of eleventh grade without getting into any more trouble, and I’d get a chance to file my appeal to move back into my room with Seanie and JP in the boys’ dorm. But staying out of trouble, like not getting killed while living with Chas Becker, was going to be a full-time job, and I knew that before I even set eyes on him.

aa r©

10

N

1

ex em

It was only Mr. Farrow, O-Hall’s resident counselor, pushing his mousy face into the room, scanning the surroundings through thick wire glasses and looking disappointedly at my unopened suitcase, the duffel bag full of rugby gear stuffed and leaning beside it, a barrier in front of me, while I slumped down in the shadows of the lower bunk like I was hiding in a foxhole, preparing for Chas Becker’s entrance.

20

‘Ryan Dean,’ he said, ‘you’ll have time to unpack your things before picking up your schedule, but I’m afraid you’ll need to hurry.’ I looked past Farrow’s head, into the dark hallway, to see if he was alone. I was still missing one shoe.

jk

25

ki

‘I can do it this afternoon, Mr. Farrow,’ I said. ‘Or maybe after dinner.’ […]

‘Excuse me, Mr. Farrow.’ 30

And there was Chas Becker, pushing the door wide and squeezing past Farrow as he hefted two canvas duffels that looked like the things a coroner would use to cart away bodies, and dropped them with a thud! in the middle of the floor. Then Chas noticed me, and I could see the confused astonishment on his face.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and twenty-seven

in

A shadow moved behind him.

227


35

‘I’m rooming with Winger?’ He turned to look at Farrow, like he didn’t know if he was in the right place. Then he leered at me again. ‘How’d Winger end up in O-Hall?’

40

‘I stole a cell phone.’ I swallowed. ‘From a teacher.’

N

‘Winger’s a boost?’ Chas smiled. ‘How cool is that? Or is it dorky? I don’t get it.’ I felt embarrassed. I looked at my hands resting on my suitcase.

And then Chas, all six-foot-four inches and Mohawk-stripe of hair pointing him forward, stepped toward the bed, loomed over me like some giant animated tree, and said, ‘But you’re sitting on my bed, Winger. Don’t ever sit on my bed. You get tops.’

VA

45

aa r©

‘Okay.’

50

IN

I didn’t know if I should answer. And I didn’t know if Chas even knew my actual name, because, like a lot of the guys on the team, he just called me Winger or Eleven (which was the number on my jersey), or the couple times when I’d dorked a kick, he called me Chicken Wing, or something worse that included the French word for ‘shower’. […]

I wasn’t about to argue the Pine Mountain first-come-first-served tradition. Anyway, I thought he was going to hit me, so I was happy that Mr. Farrow was watching our heartwarming get-acquainted moment. Even though I’d always liked school, I suddenly realized how shitty this particular Sunday-before-the-school-year-begins was turning out after the simple addition of one Chas Becker. That, and the whole head-in-a-toilet thing. […]

‘You need to wear a scrum cap when you go to bed, too, Winger?’ Scrum caps are things that some players wear to protect their heads in rugby. But wings don’t wear them. […] I felt like – really felt like – giving him a clever comeback so Farrow could see the new, eleventhgrade version of me, but I couldn’t think of anything witty because my head hurt so bad. […]

ex em

55

pl

I waited until Chas backed up a step, and then I stood up, hitting my head squarely on the metal frame beneath my new sleeping spot. And as I rubbed my scalp I thought Chas was probably just waiting for Farrow to leave so he could reassign me to the floor.

jk

60

There were chairs at each of the desks in the room, but I knew better than to pull one out, because Chas would just say that was his too. And as I fumbled with climbing up onto the top bunk, wondering how I was ever going to get in and out of bed if I needed to pee in the middle of the night, already mentally rigging the Ryan agonizing: painful (mental or physical) Dean West Emergency Gatorade Bottle Nighttime to fi le an appeal: here: to request to the counselors Urinal I would have to invent, Farrow slipped or teachers to change their decision backward out the door and pulled it shut behind him. knobless: without knobs (which means the door

65

cannot be opened) mousy: rather dull, quiet

Adapted from: Andrew Smith, Winger, p. 9-18

two hundred and twenty-eight

in

ki

So it was me and Chas.

228

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


3 ⁄ Schools of the future 1 Brainstorm: what do you think school will be like in the future?

SPOKEN INTERACTION

2 Read the text about how education will change in the future and answer the questions.

reading

IN

a Which changes do you think are already happening? Where and how have you seen these changes? b Which changes interest you the most? Why?

Where and when will students study? Students will learn at different times in different places. Students will not do all of their learning at school, and they won’t be

5

sitting at a classroom desk from morning until

aa r©

the afternoon.

VA

1

N

Welcome to the future of education: 5 things that will change

Will everyone still learn the same things? Students will learn using different devices

(BYOD – Bring Your Own Device), different programs and techniques based on what 10

they prefer. Students will become more and more involved in choosing what subjects they study.

pl

How will students learn to use their skills?

Students will learn how to apply their skills in project-based learning. Organization,

ex em

collaboration, and time management skills will be taught as basics. The formula of

15

reading, memorizing, and test taking will not be the preferred model. Will students learn outside of schools? Experience in ‘the field’ will be more important. Schools will provide more opportunities for students to obtain real-world skills that will help them in their future jobs. Will exams still be the same?

What students know and how they apply that knowledge will be tested when they work

jk

20

ki

on projects in the field. Theory will not be isolated from practice.

Adapted from: https://elearningindustry.com

a The text refers to: past – present – future b What is the name of the tense that is used most often in the text?

c Highlight examples in the positive, negative and question form.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and twenty-nine

in

3 Focus on the verbs used in the text in exercise 2 and answer the questions below.

229


d Complete the table with the verb in the correct form.

(e.g. to learn)

Form of Subject

Positive

Negative

Question

1st p. sing.

IN

2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur.

N

3rd p. plur.

VA

Rule:

HOW TO talk about the future

aa r©

4 Use the information from exercise 3 to complete the grammar box. Add an example.

GRAMMAR

To talk about the future, we can use the

form. This form is mostly used:

- To say that you think an action

in the future.

e.g.

e.g.

ex em

about the future.

pl

- For general

See p. 233

5 Fill in the correct form of the verb in the future simple tense. 1 –

(people to have) big mobile phones in the future?

– I think mobile phones

2 Next year, the school

jk – I

ki

in

5 –

two hundred and thirty

230

– No, most students then.

(to open) at 8 a.m.

(not to pass) my exams this year, there is too much to study.

3 I

4 – When

(not to get) any smaller in the future.

you

(to start) college? (to start) college in 2025. (all students to have) a laptop in 2030? (not to have) their own laptop by

6 Speculate what will happen between Winger and Chas (see ex. 5, p. 226-228). Write at least 5 sentences. Use the future simple. 1 I think that Chas will 2 Winger will

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

writing


3 4 5 7 Watch the clip about alt school and answer the questions.

WATCHING

True

American schools are keeping up with the world outside of schools.

2

Computers will never be able to take over jobs from humans.

3

The current education model is a mass production model.

4

Schools now teach students to think like computers.

5

Alt school wants what is best for the group.

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

1

False

N

Statement

IN

a According to the founder of alt school, are the statements true or false? Correct the false statements.

b Write 3 statements that express how the founder of alt school sees the future of education. Use the future simple tense. –

jk

ki

a Preparation: brainstorm about the 3 topics below. What are they like (in your school) today?

School buildings:

Classrooms:

Extracurricular activities:

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

writing

two hundred and thirty-one

in

8 How do you see education changing in the future? Compare schools today with schools tomorrow.

231


VA

N

IN

b Action: write a short text (50-75 words) in which you compare what schools are like today and what you think schools will be like in the future. Make predictions and use the correct tenses!

Checklist: comparing schools

aa r©

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Then compare it with a partner. What do you agree on? What does the class agree on? Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I compared 3 aspects of schools: buildings, classrooms, extracurricular activities. • I used separate paragraphs for each aspect. • My text is about 50-75 words.

ex em

pl

2 Language • I used the present and future tense correctly. • I used correct words to talk about school today and in the future. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

CHECK 3, see p. 253

two hundred and thirty-two

in

ki

jk

232

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


SUMMARY

IN

(Future simple)

GRAMMAR

HOW TO talk about the future

aa r©

VA

N

Classrooms won’t be boring in the future. I think students will learn in different places and at different times in the future.

Future simple FORM

Positive (+)

1st p. sing. 2nd p. sing. 3rd p. sing. 1st p. plur. 2nd p. plur. 3rd p. plur.

I will learn. You will learn. He/she will learn. We will learn. You will learn. They will learn.

Rule:

Subject + will + base form of the verb

Negative (-)

Questions (?)

I will not learn. You will not learn. He/she will not learn. We will not learn. You will not learn. They will not learn.

Will I learn? Will you learn? Will he/she learn? Will we learn? Will you learn? Will they learn?

Subject + will not + base form of the verb

Will + subject + base form of the verb?

ex em

pl

Subject

Keep in mind! There are short and long forms in the negative: e.g. I will not work. = I won’t work. USE

– Predictions e.g. Classrooms will not be boring in the future. Every secundary school student will have a laptop in 2030.

Past

Now

Future

will not be

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

will have

two hundred and thirty-three #

in

ki

jk

– Actions that you think will take place in the future Keywords: I think, I hope, maybe, hopefully, etc. e.g. I think all students will have their own personal device.

233


HOW TO report data

(Fractions, decimals and subject-verb agreement)

aa r©

VA

N

IN

• One in ten students say they like history. • About one third of students like science. • Nearly two thirds enjoy art. • Almost everyone likes PE! • Three quarters love English. • Maths is liked by half of all students. • A mere 1% of students say they don’t like any subject.

1/ Specific or general?

– If you want to be very specific, you can use the actual numbers of your research.

e.g. 5 out of 25 students like mathematics. 12 out of 24 students don’t like French.

– If you want to make your results sound more general, you can use fractions:

pl

e.g. 1 out of 5 students like mathematics. = 1 in 5 students = 1/5th = one-fifth = a fifth of students Half of the students don’t like French. = 5 in 10 = 5 out of ten

ex em

– Or you can use percentages:

e.g. 20 percent of students like mathematics. = 20% of students like mathematics. 50 percent of students = 50% of students Percentage

Fraction

In words

10% (10 percent)

1/10

one tenth – one in ten – one out of ten

25% (25 percent)

1/4

a quarter – one quarter

1/3

one in three – a third – one third

1/2

(one) half (of) – five in ten

66%

2/3

two in three – two out of three – two thirds

75%

3/4

three in four – three out of four – three quarters

two hundred and thirty-four #

in

ki

jk

33%

50%

234

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


2/ Subject-verb agreement

– With a singular or uncountable noun, use a singular verb: e.g. One third of the study seems irrelevant. Fifty percent of the article is untrue. All the information is from 2018. None of it is the same.

VA

N

– With a plural noun, use a plural verb: e.g. Nearly two thirds (65%) of the respondents say they study chemistry. More than a quarter of teachers have large classes. All of the students like mathematics. None of the teens here say the same.

IN

Fractions (e.g. 1/3), percentages (%) and other parts of a whole follow normal countable/ uncountable rules. The verb agrees with the preceding noun or clause that serves as the subject.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and thirty-five #

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

– After a collective noun (which stands for a group of people, e.g. group, team), you can either use a singular or a plural verb, depending on whether you want to emphasize the single group or its individual members: e.g. Half of our class says/say they like French.

235


binder

backpack

correction tape

geometry set

eraser

hole punch

highlighter pen

notebook

ex em

pl

glue

aa r©

VA

N

IN

VOCABULARY

1  SCHOOL SUPPLIES

paperclip

pencil

ki

jk

pen

ruler

pencil case

scissors

two hundred and thirty-six #

in

236

sticky notes

stapler

tape

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


art room

administrative office

classroom

gym(nasium)

aa r©

lockers

library/media centre

ex em

pl

restaurant/lunchroom

playground

restrooms/toilets

hallway

© Tony_Traveler85 / Shutterstock.com

computer lab/IT lab/IT room

VA

N

IN

© WoodysPhotos / Shutterstock.com

2  SCHOOL LOCATIONS

science lab

principal/headmaster/ headmistress

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

student

teacher

two hundred and thirty-seven #

in

ki

jk

3  PEOPLE AT SCHOOL

237


4  SCHOOL IDIOMS Translation

My notes

a bookworm

een boekenwurm

a piece of cake

een fluitje van een cent

to make the grade

het cijfer halen dat je nodig had om te slagen

IN

Idiom

to pass with flying colours

met vlag en wimpel slagen

to ace a test

het hoogst mogelijke aantal punten behalen bij een toets

to bomb a test

een heel slechte toets afleggen

to crack a book

een boek openslaan

to cut class

spijbelen

VA

het favorietje van de leraar

aa r©

the teacher’s pet

N

the class clown de leerling in de klas die altijd grapjes maakt

to draw a blank niet op een woord/een ding/een antwoord kunnen komen

pl

to hit the books heel hard studeren uit het hoofd leren

to pull an allnighter

de hele nacht doorwerken

to put your thinking cap on

ergens over nadenken

two hundred and thirty-eight #

in

ki

jk

ex em

to learn by heart

238

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


Before writing

STRATEGY

HOW TO make an infographic 1

Do your research

What programme will you use to make the infographic?

VA

Choose an app

N

• How: what data will you use? • Personal research – Make sure you can easily analyse the data from your questions. • Existing data – Select reliable sources.

IN

• What: what is the topic of your infographic?

aa r©

2 While writing Content and structure

Length • Made for the web • No fixed length • Not too long (or people will lose interest)!

pl

Text • Keep it short. • Use power words.

ex em

Data • Foundation of the infographic • Use reliable sources or your own research data.

Visuals Numbers • Eyecatchers • Use percentages and/or fractions. Colours • Use colours to stress differences or similarities. • Choose a colour scheme and stick to it.

ki

jk

Images, icons and pictograms • Use one style of icon or pictogram. • Pictograms and icons can replace text.

After writing Edit! •

Avoid mistakes: reread your infographic.

Evaluate your work • •

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

What went well? What can you improve?

3

two hundred and thirty-nine #

in

Lettering • Show the difference between title and text. • Use a few (contrasting) fonts but don’t overdo it.

239


‘I really think that teachers in the past were a lot stricter than 1 Formulating your opinion they are now.’

2 Agreeing

‘You’re absolutely right.’

IN

aa r©

Yes, I agree. That's a good point. I don't think so either. I agree with you entirely. That's just what I was thinking.

I (really) think that… I believe (that)… In my opinion … / My opinion is … I feel that … I guess/imagine … I’m certain that … I strongly believe that … To be honest … / Honestly …

N

In my opinion/view ... Generally speaking, I think ... To my mind ... I’m quite convinced that ... To be quite honest / frank ... If you ask me ... The way I see it …

VA

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

HOW TO state your opinion

'I’m afraid I have to disagree with you. We have lots of strict teachers!'

ex em

pl

3 Disagreeing

in

ki

jk

4 Partly agreeing

two hundred and forty #

240

5 Closing the discussion

I don't agree with you. However … That's not entirely true. On the contrary … I'm sorry to disagree with you, but … I'm afraid I have to disagree. I'm not so sure about that.

'That’s partly true, but surely that’s not the case in every school?' I agree up to a point, but ... I see your point, but ... Although you are right about …, I think … I'm not so sure about that.

'I think we’re going to have to agree to disagree on this matter.' Let's just move on, shall we? Let's drop it.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Describing schools and school objects

Whitney’s schoolbag

aa r©

VA

N

Georgina’s schoolbag

IN

1 Compare Georgina’s schoolbag to Whitney’s. Which items do they have in common and which items are only in one of the schoolbags?

Items they both have

Items only Whitney has

jk

ex em

pl

Items only Georgina has

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

ki

Score

My favourite stationery I love stationery. I create my own stationery collections – so I thought I’d share my favourite pieces with you. The

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

(1) with the Eames quote was given to me by my sister, it’s a

two hundred and forty-one

in

2 Read about this blogger’s favourite stationery. Look at the photograph and fi ll in the missing words. Some words are used more than once.

241


dinky little size so I take it out and about with me for sketching and jotting down any ideas. (2) are Uni-ball fine line – these guys

The

IN

are essential for my art practice. The various-sized nibs are great for detail and provide excellent ink coverage, and, because they are pigment based, the colour is (3)

N

beautifully black. Gift tags and washi

my stationery orders.

VA

are an addiction of mine and key materials for packaging

(4) and the rather snazzy

Both the Tom Dixon

(5) were bought for me by my Dr B – I have used them

aa r©

both but I don’t like to because they’re too nice.

(6) too; it’s lovely and thick – ideal for my lists of

I love my big

projects and ideas. I adore the marbled edges on the pages. (7) and

I’m addicted to

(8) too, particularly metallic

pl

(9) – these Posca and Uni-ball ones give great coverage. The gorgeous red (10) was a gift from my colleagues, so it’s a well treasured item.

ex em

Adapted from: https://ellasplace.co.uk

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 4

3 Identify the different school rooms and facilities. Choose from the words below.

jk

art room ­– cafeteria – classroom – gymnasium – hallway – IT lab – playground – restrooms – science lab – secretary’s office

2

3

two hundred and forty-two

in

ki

1

242

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


5

© D Brown / Shutterstock.com

10

Score

N

ex em

Next exercise

<7

9

pl

8

VA

7

aa r©

© jax10289 / Shutterstock.com

6

IN

4

≥7

ex. 4

4 Make a vlog about your school campus.

speaking

a Preparation: make a list of 6 parts/buildings/rooms in your own school. Which ones do you think are great/which ones don’t you like? (Why?) Worst parts of our school

b Action: make your own vlog. – Pay attention to the structure (beginning, middle, end). – Your vlog should be between 1 and 3 minutes long. – Record your vlog on your phone and send it to the teacher.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and forty-three

in

ki

jk

Best parts of our school

243


c Reflection: reflect on your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: my ideal school campus

Yes I think so

IN

1 Content and structure • My vlog has a clear structure (beginning-middle-end). • I mentioned the reasons why. • I discussed the best and worst parts of our school. • My vlog is 1 to 3 minutes long.

Next exercise

ex. 5

≥7

VA

<7

aa r©

Score

N

2 Language • I used the correct words to describe the school, the rooms and facilities. • I used correct basic grammar. • I paid attention to my pronunciation. Feedback

No

ex. 7

5 Complete the dialogue below with a correct English idiom. Bo:

Are you reading again?

Bo:

(1).

pl

Zeynep: You know I’m a bit of a

I think you’re just trying to be the

(2).

ex em

Zeynep: No, no. I don’t really care what Mr. Dupont thinks of me. You know, you should try

(3) every now and then instead of being the (4). Books can be entertaining, and you’re not as funny

as you think you are.

Bo:

But I do read! Guess who

(5) the last English test?

jk

Zeynep: Yeah, but that test was a

(6). Besides, you totally (7) the test before that. Come on, class is going to start

soon.

ki

Bo:

What, are you that eager

(8) again?

two hundred and forty-four

in

Zeynep: No, I’ve already

244

Bo:

(9) everything

Well, I think I’m just going to

. (10).

Zeynep: What? Bo:

Just kidding…

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 6

Check 2, p. 246

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


SPOKEN INTERACTION

6 Pair up and play ‘Taboo’. a One person takes a card and has to describe the word on the card. But be careful, the other words on the card are words you can’t say. b The other person tries to guess which words you are trying to describe.

D

C Check 2, p. 246

Next exercise

N

Score

IN

c You have 1 minute for each Taboo card.

7 Text a classmate about your day at school.

written INTERACTION

VA

a Preparation: think about your day and which ‘school’ idioms could be used to talk about it. Be nice!

aa r©

b Action: write down your exchange on a separate piece of paper or use WhatsApp (for the web). If you use WhatsApp, take a screen shot, and send it to your teacher. Make sure there are at least 5 idioms in your conversation. c Reflection: how did your conversation go? Fill in the checklist. Checklist: school idiom texting

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • We had a conversation about our school day. • We started and ended the conversation appropriately.

ex em

pl

2 Language • We used at least 5 different idioms correctly. • We used correct words. • We used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

D

C

Next exercise

ex. 6

Check 2, p. 246

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and forty-five

in

ki

jk

Score

245


CHECK 2 ⁄ Reporting data 1 Analyse some charts about research done on the use of digital learning tools in American schools. a Preparation: read the charts below and answer the questions.

20%

How many students use their own device at school?

How many high school students use digital learning tools for homework a few days a week?

about

about

little over

64%

almost

ex em

pl

Which type of students uses digital learning tools the most?

55%

aa r©

How many high school students use digital learning tools for homework every day?

about 1/4

In words

IN

How many teachers use digital learning tools during the whole class in English/ Language arts?

Fraction

N

Percentage

VA

Question

reading

What are the numbers?

86%

more than

more than

almost

jk

Which class uses digital learning tools the most?

in

ki

What are the numbers?

two hundred and forty-six

246

Which class uses digital learning tools the least?

little over

/four in ten

What are the numbers?

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


At school, how often do you use digital learning tools to learn?

On a typical school day, how much class time does your teacher spend using digital learning tools to teach the following classes? (All of class, About half of class, Less than half of class, No class time at all) • % All of class • % About half of class

63%

Middle school students

64%

Elementary school students

60%

All students

26%

Science

57%

0%

57%

10%

30%

20%

40%

50%

34%

Math 32%

Own device

History/Social studies

23%

52% Fixed devices in the classroom

29%

English/Language arts

51%

20%

29%

VA

23%

Personal device provided by the school

31%

There are carts shared across classrooms

Health/Social and emotional learning

43%

Library at school

25%

aa r©

18% Reading 16%

0%

42% 26%

70%

How do you access the digital learning tools at school?

55%

23%

60%

N

23%

45%

86%

IN

Computer science/Information technology

High school students

10%

20%

30%

41% 38% 41% 40%

50%

Outside of school, how often do you use digital learning tools to get schoolwork done?

60%

36%

38%

32%

pl

40%

55%

20%

13%

8% 5%

6%

ex em

0%

Every day

A few days a week

About once a week

Middle (6th-8th grade)

Less than once a week

5%

2%

Never

High (9th-12th)

Source: https://www.newschools.org

Total:      / 12

writing

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and forty-seven

in

ki

jk

b Action: based on the answers to the questions in a, write a short paragraph (50-75 words) with your conclusions about how digital learning tools are used in American schools. Use both percentages and fractions (at least 5 different ones!) in your text.

247


c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: research data analysis

Yes I think so

No

1 Preparation • I answered all the questions about the charts.

IN

2 Content and structure • I drew at least 5 conclusions from the data in the charts. • My text is 50-75 words.

N

3 Language • I varied my vocabulary (percentages, fractions). • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

VA

Feedback

Score

< 14

Next exercise

ex. 3

aa r©

Total:      / 10

14 – 18

> 18

ex. 2

ex. 6

2 Look at the chart on the next page and make logical sentences. B

pl

A

reading

A are higher than those of secondary school students.

2 A quarter of elementary school students

B can choose topics they like to learn.

3 Little over half of secondary school students

C do schoolwork that makes them want to learn more.

4 More than double the number of elementary school students than secondary school students

D know their students’ interests.

5 Four in ten teachers in secondary school

E say there is someone at their school who cares about them.

jk

ex em

1 Three quarters of secondary students

F set learning goals at school.

7 All scores of the elementary school students

G connect what they learn in class with life outside the classroom.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

two hundred and forty-eight

in

ki

6 40% fewer students in secondary school than in elementary school

248

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


Students’ perceptions of school and learning approaches Elementary students Secondary students (% Strongly agree (% Yes) + % Agree) 96%

76%

93%

79%

There is someone at my school who cares about me as a person.

IN

I know which skills I need to improve at school. 85%

I can connect what I am learning in my classes with life outside of the classroom.

45%

82%

42%

N

Most of my teachers know what my interests are.

I do school work that makes me want to learn more. Most of my teachers let me choose topics I like to learn about in the lessons or units that we study.

≥5

56%

72%

28%

25%

17%

aa r©

<5

Score

73%

VA

I set learning goals at school.

ex. 4

Next exercise

3 Replace the percentages in the text by different expressions and fractions. Choose from the words in the box below.

pl

3 in 4 – 9 out of 10 – a fifth – a third – almost half of – an almost equal proportion – more than 4 in 10 – nearly two thirds – nine out of ten – three quarters

ex em

New global survey offers snapshot of technology in the classroom As K-12 educators prepare students for a world where change happens at a rapid pace, they use multiple tools to communicate lessons. More often than not, new classroom technology is implemented in conjunction with more traditional classroom tools, according to a new report from Cambridge International, which is based on an online survey of nearly 20,000 teachers and students (ages 12-19) from 100 countries.

(1) (48%) students reporting they use a

with

ki

desktop computer in the classroom.

in

smartphones,

(2) (42%) use (3) (33%) use interactive whiteboards and

(4) (20%) use tablets. Yet the numbers remain high for more

traditional modes as well, such as pen and paper (

(5) – 90%)

and whiteboards (73%). Desktop computers are used significantly more than tablets: the U.S. leads the way with (6) (75%) of classrooms using desktop computers.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and forty-nine

jk

The survey found that use of technology in schools worldwide continues to grow,

249


Smartphones are not universal in K-12 One particular area of technology the survey highlighted as growing is smartphones. With mobile technology more integral to people’s lives, it’s predicted that smartphone use in the classroom could reach 55 percent globally. The U.S. has already far surpassed that number and leads the (7) (74%) classrooms.

IN

world with smartphones used in nearly

Technology’s impact on education continues for students outside of the classroom as well. The (8) (64%) of students use a smartphone to

survey found that do their homework,

(9) (65%) do their homework on a (10) (85%) in

N

notebook computer (that number rises to almost

VA

the U.S.).

The report ultimately finds both teachers and students rely on technology to add value to

and enhance education. The expectation is that, in the future, students will develop greater autonomy in the learning process, selecting the technology that works best for them.

Adapted from: https://edtechmagazine.com

Score

<7

Next exercise

ex. 2

aa r©

Smartphones, laptops and desktops will clearly be part of that mix – alongside pen and paper.

≥7

ex. 4

writing

pl

4 Make a short infographic based on the charts in exercise 1.

ex em

a Preparation: check the graphs and the table you filled in and highlight some striking data. Choose 5 data points you want to use/compare. b Action: transform the data into an infographic. Use an online site or app or draw it yourself. c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: making an infographic

Yes I think so

No

in

ki

jk

1 Content and structure • I used numbers adequately in my infographic. • I used imagery and pictograms adequately in my infographic. • I used colour adequately in my infographic. • I used lettering adequately in my infographic. • I used the tips for making infographics.

two hundred and fifty

250

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used a few good power words. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 5

Check 3, p. 253

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


5 You will get an infographic. Read it and analyse it using the table. a Preparation: fill in the table.

reading

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

IN

Length

Text

N

Date

VA

VISUAL Numbers

aa r©

Colours

Imagery, icons and pictograms

Total:      / 7

pl

Lettering

writing

two hundred and fifty-one

in

ki

jk

ex em

b Action: based on your findings, do you think this is a good infographic? Give your opinion in about 40 words.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

251


c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: infographic analysis

Yes I think so

IN

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 40 words. • I gave good reasons for my opinion. • I used the information in the table to support my opinion.

No

N

2 Language • I used expressions to share my opinion correctly. • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

VA

Feedback

aa r©

Total:      / 10 < 12

Score

≥ 12

Check 3, p. 253

Next exercise

6 Watch the video and make an infographic using the information you gathered.

WATCHING

pl

a Preparation: complete the sentences.

are denied an elementary education.

1

million children are missing out on

ex em

2

and high school.

3 They are kept out of school because of 4

and unrest.

million children have had their schooling disrupted by conflict and .

5

drop out of school more often than

because of fear of

marriage, pregnancy or fear of assault.

jk

6 A girl’s potential to earn increases

7 In

ki

so

countries less than

for every year she is in school. of teachers are

,

million students aren’t learning the basics.

in

8 Even though the need to invest in education couldn’t be clearer,

two hundred and fifty-two

252

of

humanitarian aid was spent on education. 9 If nothing changes, as many as

children will never set foot in a classroom.

Total:      / 15

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


b Action: transform the data into an infographic. Use an online site or app or draw it yourself.

writing

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Send it to the teacher or discuss with a classmate.

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used a few good power words. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

aa r©

Feedback

Total:      / 10

Next exercise

ex. 5

≥ 17

Check 3

pl

< 17

jk

ex em

Score

VA

1 Content and structure • I used numbers adequately in my infographic. • I used imagery and pictograms adequately in my infographic. • I used colour adequately in my infographic. • I used lettering adequately in my infographic. • I used the tips for infographics.

No

IN

Yes I think so

N

Checklist: making an infographic

in

1 How do you see education changing in the future? Compare schools today with schools tomorrow. a Preparation: brainstorm about the 5 topics below. What are they like (in your school) today? 1 teachers:

2 students:

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

writing

two hundred and fifty-three

ki

CHECK 3 ⁄ Using the future tense

253


3 classes (subjects):

4 school food:

IN

5 timetable:

pl

aa r©

VA

N

b Action: write a short text (50-75 words) in which you compare what schools are like today and what you think schools will be like in the future. Use the correct tenses!

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Yes I think so

ex em

Checklist: comparing schools

No

1 Content and structure • I compared 3 aspects of schools: classrooms, school food and timetable. • There are paragraphs for each separate aspect. • My text is about 50-75 words.

jk

2 Language • I used the present and future tense correctly. • I used correct words to talk about school today and in the future. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

two hundred and fifty-four

in

ki

Feedback

254

Score

<6

6–8

≥8

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 2

ex. 5

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


2 How are American school districts handling bad winter weather? a Complete the text with a verb in the future tense. Choose from the list below. to be (4x) – to communicate – to complete – to have – to participate – to post – to provide

IN

Hempfield SD: December 16

(1) in asynchronous virtual learning, meaning students

Students

N

(2) assignments in Schoology at their own pace at home. Teachers (3) lessons and assignments to Schoology by 9:00 a.m. Students

VA

are expected to complete the assigned work by the start of the school day on December 17. Attendance

(4) taken based on work submission.

Teachers

aa r©

(5) available at three different times during the day to

answer student questions or provide support, as needed. These teacher office hours are: 9:00-9:30 a.m., 12:30-1:00 p.m., and 3:00-3:30 p.m.

In-person extracurricular activities are already cancelled due to the Governor’s Orders last week. If the extracurricular activity is being held virtually, this may continue. The coach or advisor

pl

(6) updates in Schoology.

ex em

December 17

(7) made by 5:00 a.m. on

An official decision about this day

December 17. Because of the potential for heavy snow involving power or internet outages, if conditions warrant, we

(8) a Snow Day on this day. If a Snow Day

occurs, there

(9) no lessons or assignments for students, and no

school meal pick-up.

jk

Each school

(10) more details on Schoology.

in

Total:

/ 10

b Answer the questions about the text. 1 What is the name of the learning platform the schools use?

2 When can students contact the teachers on ‘Snow Days’?

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

reading two hundred and fifty-five

ki

Source: https://www.hempfieldsd.org

255


3 What happens to the extracurricular activities?

IN

4 Are both 16 and 17 December ‘Snow Days’?

5 How will the teachers and schools know if students were present during the online

Total:      / 5 < 12

≥ 12

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 4

aa r©

Score

VA

N

lessons?

3 Complete the sentences with your predictions about school in the future. Use the future simple tense. Add 3 sentences with your own (general) predictions. 1 School buildings in the future… 2 Classrooms in the future…

pl

3 Teachers in the future… 4 Students in the future…

ex em

5 Classes in the future… 6

7 8

Score

<6

ex. 4

jk

Next exercise

≥6

4 Watch the video about differences between US and UK schools and answer the questions.

in

ki

a How are the grades calculated in both systems? Complete the table.

two hundred and fifty-six

256

US

UK

Participation (or course work) Doing homework Quizzes Tests Projects

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

WATCHING


b True or false? Correct the false statements.

In some US schools, you are not allowed to carry a bag since you might have a gun.

2

The English girl’s school didn’t have a school sports team.

3

You have to study a lot for exams both in the UK and in the US.

VA

1

False

IN

True

N

Statement

aa r©

c What is a gap year?

d If Emma and Evan could choose, would they go to school in the UK or in the US? Why?

ex em

pl

e If you could choose, would you want to go to school in the UK or in the US? Why? Give at least 2 reasons.

Score

< 10

Next exercise

≥ 10 All done!

jk

5 Listen to and read excerpts from a novel in verse and get inspired!

The Poet X is the debut novel of slam poet Elizabeth Acevedo. A young girl in Harlem – Xiomara Batista – discovers slam poetry as a way to understand her mother’s religion and her own relationship to the world. Xiomara feels unheard and unable to hide in her Harlem neighbourhood but she has plenty she wants to say, and she pours all her frustration and passion onto the pages of a leather notebook, reciting the words to herself like prayers.

Adapted from: www.goodreads.com

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and fifty-seven

in

ki

THE POET X (ELIZABETH ACEVEDO)

257


a Listen to an excerpt of The Poet X, a young adult novel in verse by Elizabeth Acevedo and answer the questions.

listening

1 WHEN does the scene take place?

IN

2 WHERE does the scene take place? 3 WHO is telling the story?

aa r©

VA

N

4 WHAT is the main character describing?

ex em

Total:      / 10

pl

5 WHAT is the cultural background of the main character?

b Read the next part of the novel and answer the questions.

reading

1 How do the kids go to school?

jk

2 What do the kids have to do before they enter the school? Why do you think this is?

two hundred and fifty-eight

in

ki

3 Where does Xiomara’s twin go to school?

258

4 Do you think Chisholm High School is a school where rich children go? Why do you say this?

5 What do you think Xiomara means when she says: ‘just a way to get closer to escape’?

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


IN

6 Compare this school to the school in Winger (p. 226). What do you think are the main differences? Name at least 2.

Thursday, September 6 H.S.

}

Chisholm H.S. sits wide and squat, taking up half a block, redbrick and fenced-in courtyard with ball hoops and benches.

}

it was considered one of the worst in the city: gang fights in the morning and drug deals in the classroom.

pl

It’s not like that anymore, but one thing I know for sure is that reputations last longer than the time it takes to make them.

ex em

So I walk through metal detectors, and turn my pockets out, and greet security guards by name, and am one of hundreds

15

N

Kids come from all five boroughs, and most of us bus or train, although since it’s my zone school, I can walk to it on a nice day.

It’s not like Twin’s fancy genius school: glass, and futuristic. This is the typical hood school, and not too long ago

10

}

VA

5

My high school is one of those old-school structures from the Great Depression days, or something.

aa r©

1

who every day are sifted like flour through the doors. And I keep my head down, and I cause no waves. I guess what I’m trying to say is, this place is a place, neither safe nor unsafe, just a means, just a way to get closer

} }

jk

to escape.

}

Source: Elizabeth Acevedo, The Poet X

8 Link the following ideas to the different parts of the poem. Put the letter next to the part in the poem. a History of the school

d What the school means to the main character

b How old the school is

e Where the school is

c How to enter the school

f

Total:

/ 11

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

Who goes to the school

two hundred and fifty-nine

in

ki

7 How is this novel written?

259


writing

c Write your own slam poem about an aspect of your school. 1 Preparation: choose a ‘topic’ related to school. Decide if you want to use the structure below or if you want to be completely free when you write. 2 Action: write your poem.

IN

My school is (describe how old the school is)

N

Kids (describe who goes to the school and how)

VA

(name of school) sits (describe where the

aa r©

school is and what it looks like)

It was/It is (describe the past or the reputation of the school)

pl

So I walk (describe how to enter the school)

ex em

I guess, what I’m trying to say is (describe what the school means to you)

3 Reflection: check your poem. If you feel up to it, you can also perform it!

Checklist: my own slam poem

Yes I think so

No

in

ki

jk

1 Content and structure • I chose 1 school topic to describe. • I divided the topic into 4 or 5 aspects and described each of them. or • I followed the given structure. • I am happy with my poem!

two hundred and sixty

260

2 Language • I used varied vocabulary. • I used appropriate spelling and punctuation. Feedback

Score

< 15

≥ 15

Next exercise

ex. 4

All done!

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


CHECK OUT MAKING AN INFOGRAPHIC ORIENTATION

IN

You will make an infographic about school and education based on your own research. In this infographic you will make a comparison between schools in the past versus schools today and schools of the future.

N

PREPARATION

VA

1 Find a partner.

2 Brainstorm with your partner. Think about at least 5 things that were ‘wrong’ about school or education in the past in your opinion (e.g. buildings, facilities, classrooms, teachers, subjects, lessons, schedule, etc.).

aa r©

e.g. The teachers were too strict.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

1 2 3 4

pl

5

ex em

3 For each ‘topic’ you chose in exercise 2, write 2 statements. One statement is about how it is today (in your opinion) and one statement is about how you think it will be in the future. For example:

In the past teachers were too strict.

Today:

Today, most teachers treat all students fairly.

Future:

In the future, robots will be the teachers.

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and sixty-one

in

ki

jk

Past:

261


4 Complete the table with your statements. TOPIC 1 Past:

IN

Today:

Future:

N

TOPIC 2

VA

Past:

TOPIC 3 Past:

Today:

ex em

Future:

pl

Future:

aa r©

Today:

TOPIC 4 Past:

Today:

jk

Future:

ki

TOPIC 5

two hundred and sixty-two

in

Past:

262

Today:

Future:

5 Review your statements or let someone else read them. Is it obvious what you mean by them?

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


ACTION 6 Make an online survey of your statements. Make sure that you use the same options for all the questions, so it is easier to compare results afterwards.

writing

e.g. strongly disagree – disagree – agree – strongly agree On a scale of 1 to 5 indicate how much you agree with the following statements.

N

7 Send your survey to at least 20 people (the more respondents, the better!).

IN

Tip: give your respondents the chance to explain their answers by adding a question for each topic such as: e.g. Explain why you gave this rating/why you said this.

e.g. 4 in 5 think teachers treat students fairly. 60% of the students think there will be robot-teachers.

VA

8 Draw some conclusions (at least 10). Tip: most online survey makers will provide percentages already. Make sure that you use some of the structures on p. 234 to vary your vocabulary.

aa r©

9 Make your infographic. Use the data from your survey. Follow the rules for making a good infographic!

writing

10 Send your infographic to the teacher.

speaking

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE

two hundred and sixty-three

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

11 Optional: present your fi ndings to the class.

263


REFLECTION 12 Refl ect on your task by fi lling in the checklist. Yes I think so

aa r©

3 Action: infographic • We used colour adequately. • We used lettering adequately. • We used the tips for infographics.

VA

2 Action: survey • We made a(n online) survey of 3 x 10 statements. • We drew at least 10 conclusions from our data. • We used the data to make our infographic. • We used numbers adequately in our infographic. • We used appropriate imagery and pictograms.

N

1 Preparation • We chose 5 different things we think were wrong about school/ education in the past. • We wrote 10 statements for these topics (2 for each topic). • We checked the quality of our statements.

No

IN

Checklist: making an infographic based on a survey

4 Action: language • We used correct grammar. • We used the correct words. • We used correct spelling and punctuation.

ex em

pl

Feedback

two hundred and sixty-four

in

ki

jk

Trace your steps on diddit.

264

UNIT 4: MAKE THE GRADE


UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

Step 1:

Step 2 :

ordering a sandwich

pl

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

using countable and uncountable nouns

IN

CHECK IN

ex em

SUMMARY

Step 3 :

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

describing and comparing food

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: PLACING YOUR ORDER


CHECK IN LITERARY STARBUCKS 1 Link the literary fi gures to the Starbucks orders.

spends thirty years in the same Starbucks, ordering a tall black coffee every twenty minutes. He is suspicious of the strange baristas and openly hostile to other customers. Is this café the promised land? I mean, probably not.

goes to the counter and orders green tea. He rubs his hand along the lid as he picks it up, and a powerful genie emerges. ‘I swear to God’, says. ‘That’s like the third time this week.’

goes to the counter and orders a strawberry frappuccino as well as a scone for her mice friends. They eat together by the window before departing in her pumpkin carriage. Wait, no, she orders three black coffees, only drinks two, and throws the last on her stepsisters before stalking out the door to visit her mother’s tree. Either way, she loses a shoe.

N

IN

goes to the counter and punches a Nazi in the face. Then he orders an americano.

VA

Captain America Captain Steven Rogers is a World War II veteran and Earth’s first known superhero. He is also a member of the Avengers. He became a superhero after he was given a ‘Super Soldier Serum’.

aa r©

Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe is a castaway who is shipwrecked on a remote tropical desert island for 28 years.

reading

pl

Mary Poppins Mary Poppins is a British nanny with magical powers. She only appears when she is needed.

ex em

Cinderella Cinderella is a poor girl who lives with her evil stepmother and stepsisters. When her fairy godmother turns a pumpkin into a carriage and her rags into a beautiful dress, she meets her prince charming.

ki

jk

Aladdin is a poor young man, until he finds a magic lamp. The lamp is the house of a wish-granting genie.

is blown up to the counter. She orders an Earl Grey tea with two lumps, levitates a few giggling customers, and promptly leaves. Starbucks is never the same.

in

Adapted from: https://literarystarbucks.com

two hundred and sixty-six

266

a castaway: someone who is left alone in a place (like an island) as result of a shipwreck to emerge: to appear out of nowhere to levitate: to make something or someone float in the air a rag: a piece of cloth, often used for cleaning remote: far away from other places to stalk out: to leave a place in an angry manner

2 Who is your favourite fi ctional character? What do you think their drink would be?

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

SPOKEN INTERACTION


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ Breakfast at the coffee shop

Using countable and uncountable nouns

IN

1 ⁄ Can you count that?

4 orange

7

carrot

2 bread

5 salt

8

cereal

3 butter

6 pear

VA

1 apple

N

1 Can you count the following words? If you can count it with a number, write C for countable. If you can’t count it, write UC for uncountable.

9

jam

2 Look at these uncountable words. How can you make them countable? water

2

tea

3

bread

4

bread

5

sugar

6

salt

7

juice

8

milk

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1

2

3

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1

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3 What types of food or drink can go in these containers? Add as many as you can.

5

6

7

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8

9

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4

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4 Fill in the grammar box with the information from exercises 1 to 3.

GRAMMAR

HOW TO count things with and without numbers Countable and uncountable nouns

IN

nouns can be counted using numbers. They have: – a singular form (can use the indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an’) e.g. a pear / an apple – a plural form e.g. two pears / two apples

VA

N

nouns cannot be counted with numbers. – They are used with a singular verb. – They usually do not have a plural form. – To make uncountable nouns countable, we use • quantifiers; e.g. some sugar • containers in which they are sold. e.g. a carton of juice

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Some nouns can be both countable (C) and uncountable (UC). e.g. ice cream He has already had an ice cream today. (C) I really love ice cream. (UC)

See p. 308-309

5 Fill in the correct article: ‘a’ or ‘an’.

2

mango

3

pear

6

yummy treat

7

apple

8

espresso

pl

jar

ex em

1

4

hour

9

ice cream

5

unit

10

unsalted nut

6 Check the words in exercise 5 to fill in the grammar box.

GRAMMAR

HOW TO use articles

jk

The indefinite article ‘a’/’an’ depends on the word.

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– If the following word starts with a a mango, a pear, a unit.

268

– If the following word starts with a an espresso, an ice cream, an hour, an unsalted nut.

at the start of the following sound, we say sound, we say

: e.g. a jar, : e.g. an apple, See p. 307

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7 Do you remember how to form the plural of nouns in English? Complete the table below with the correct plural form. Plural

Singular

Plural

1 a bottle

6 a loaf

loaves

2 a box

7 a pear

3 a cookie

8 a strawberry

4 a glass

9 a teaspoon

5 a jar

10 a turkey

N

8 Complete the grammar box about the plural of nouns.

IN

Singular

GRAMMAR

VA

H talk about more than one thing Plural

Rule

a cup

General rule:

a strawberry

If the noun ends in a consonant + -y:

a sandwich

If the noun ends in a hissing sound:

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Singular

See p. 307

pl

9 Listen to the words and write them in the appropriate column. Then try to complete the rule.

listening

/z/

/Iz/

e.g. cups

e.g. knives

e.g. sandwiches

The ‘s’ is pronounced as

The ‘s’ is pronounced as

If a word ends in a

after the following

when a noun ends in

/“/, /d“/, /t‘/, /‘/), the ‘s’ is

in

ki

jk

/s/

sounds: /p/,

/t/, /k/, /f/, /T/.

/b/, /d/, /g/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /4/, /r/, /v/, /j/.

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or the

(= /z/, /s/,

pronounced as     . two hundred and sixty-nine

ex em

Pronounced as:

269


Did you know? To practise your pronunciation, you can say tongue twisters. Try reading them as fast and precisely as you can.

IN

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers where’s the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

VA

N

Betty Botter bought some butter but she said the butter’s bitter. If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter but a bit of better butter will make my batter better so ‘twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.

2 ⁄ Coffee and smoothies

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10 You will get an item card from your teacher. Form a shopping list with the entire class. The SPOKEN fi rst one starts with: ‘I’m going to the supermarket and I’m going to buy…’ Try to remember all INTERACTION the previous items, and then add your item to the list.

pl

1 Read the blurb of the book Fangirl and answer the questions. a What kind of book do you think this is? fiction

ex em

non-fiction

b What genre is the book? horror

thriller

comedy

romance

jk

c Who is the intended reader of this book?

in

ki

d Based on the blurb, would you be interested in reading this book? Why (not)?

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reading


FANGIRL (RAINBOW ROWELL)

N

2 Read the excerpt and answer the questions.

reading

VA

a How is it said in the text?

IN

Cath and her twin Wren are huge Simon Snow fans and used to do everything together. But now that they’re off to college, Wren is making new friends and partying, while Cath is struggling to adjust, spending most of her time writing Simon Snow fan fiction in her room. To make matters worse, her roommate Reagan is rude and her roommate’s boyfriend Levi is always around.

1 You have a free hour before you have to do something/be somewhere.

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2 I told him he had good reason to be proud of himself. He was

proud of himself.

3 He gave me a drink that he invented himself.

b What does the underlined expression mean?

pl

‘Levi stopped to talk to the guy. Because he was Levi, and this was a biological necessity.’ Something you have to do because it’s in your nature/DNA. Something you have to do because it’s your job.

ex em

Something you have to do because you read it in a book. Something you have to do because your biology teacher told you to.

c What does this sentence tell us about Levi’s personality?

e What does Cath order? f Does Levi give Cath her order? Explain your answer.

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d ‘You look tarred and sweatered’ is a play on the expression ‘tarred and feathered’. This was a form of public punishment and shaming in the past where people were covered in tar and feathers. What is Levi saying here about Cath’s outfit?

271


g Find the missing ingredient for the Pumpkin Mocha Breve in the text. • 1 pump chocolate syrup

2 pumps pumpkin spice syrup

• 1 shot espresso

60 ml milk

10

ex em

pl

15

VA

5

Cath had an hour or so to kill before she left for Omaha, and she didn’t feel like sitting in her room. It was the best kind of November day. Cold and crisp, but not quite freezing, not icy. Just cold enough that she could justifiably wear all her favorite clothes – cardigans and tights and leg warmers. She thought about going to the Union to study but decided to walk around downtown Lincoln instead. Cath almost never left campus; there wasn’t much reason to. Leaving campus felt like crossing the border. What would she do if she lost her wallet or got lost? She’d have to call the embassy… Lincoln felt a lot more like a small town than Omaha. There were still movie theaters downtown and little shops. Cath walked by a Thai restaurant and the famous Chipotle. She stopped to walk through a gift shop and smell all the essential oils. There was a Starbucks across the street. She wondered if it was Levi’s Starbucks, and a minute later, she was crossing over. Inside it was exactly like every other Starbucks Cath had ever been to. Maybe with a few more professorial types… And with Levi briskly moving behind the espresso machine, smiling at something somebody was saying in his headset. Levi was wearing a black sweater over a white T-shirt. He looked like he’d just gotten a haircut – shorter in the back but still sticking up and flopping all over his face. He called out someone’s name and handed a drink to a guy who looked like a retired violin teacher. Levi stopped to talk to the guy. Because he was Levi, and this was a biological necessity. ‘Are you in line?’ a woman asked Cath. ‘No, go ahead.’ But then Cath decided she may as well get in line. It’s not like she’d come here to observe Levi in the wild. She didn’t know what she was doing here. ‘Can I help you?’ the guy at the register asked. ‘No, you cannot,’ Levi said, pushing the guy down the line. ‘I got this one.’ He grinned at her. ‘Cather.’ ‘Hey,’ Cath said, rolling her eyes. She hadn’t thought he’d seen her. ‘Look at you. All sweatered up. What are those, leg sweaters?’ ‘They’re leg warmers.’ ‘You’re wearing at least four different kinds of sweater.’ ‘This is a scarf.’ ‘You look tarred and sweatered.’ ‘I get it,’ she said. ‘Did you just stop by to say hi?’ ‘No,’ she said. He frowned. She rolled her eyes again. ‘I came for coffee.’ ‘What kind?’ ‘Just coffee. Grande coffee.’ ‘It’s cold out. Let me make you something good.’ Cath shrugged. Levi grabbed a cup and started pumping syrup into it. She waited on the other side of the espresso machine.

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1

N

IN

h After reading the entire excerpt, has your opinion changed? Would you (still) be interested in reading the whole book? Why (not)?

20

jk

25

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IN

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Source: Rainbow Rowell, Fangirl, p. 68-69

3 Look at the coffee menu from Bean Bar and answer the questions.

caffe

LATTE a double shot of espresso with steamed milk and a small layer of foam

SHORT MACCHIATO a single serving of espresso, stained with milky foam

ex em

LONG MACCHIATO a double shot of espresso, stained with milky foam

CAPPUCCINO a single shot of espresso with equal parts steamed milk and foam

pl

ESPRESSO a single shot of espresso

AFFOGATO a single shot of espresso served with one scoop of vanilla ice-cream

jk

PICCOLO LATTE a single shot of espresso with a small layer of foam

in

ki

FLAVOURED LATTE latte topped with sweetened flavoured syrup (flavours include Hazelnut, Caramel, Vanilla & Irish Cream)

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FLAT WHITE a single shot of espresso with flat steamed milk LONG BLACK a cup of hot water topped with a double shot of espresso BEAN BAR LATTE a double shot of espresso with steamed milk, a small layer of foam and a special sweetened coffee flavoured syrup

reading

HOT CHOCOLATE rich chocolate with steamed milk and a small layer of foam SNOW HOT CHOCOLATE rich white chocolate with steamed milk and a small layer of foam CHOC MOCHA rich chocolate mixed with a double shot of espresso. Served with steamed milk and a small layer of foam SNOW MOCHA rich white chocolate mixed with a double shot of espresso. Served with steamed milk and a small layer of foam VIENNA a long black, topped with whipped cream CHOC VIENNA a hot chocolate, topped with whipped cream CHAI LATTE chai syrup with steamed milk and a small layer of foam

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N

50

VA

45

‘What are you doing tonight?’ he asked. ‘You should come over. I think we’re gonna have a bonfire. Reagan’s coming.’ ‘I’m going home,’ Cath said. ‘Omaha.’ ‘Yeah?’ Levi smiled up at her. The machine made a hissing noise. ‘I bet your parents are happy about that.’ Cath shrugged again. Levi heaped whipped cream onto her drink. His hands were long – and thicker than the rest of him, a little knobby, with short, square nails. ‘Have a great weekend,’ he said, handing her the drink. ‘I haven’t paid yet.’ Levi held up his hands. ‘Please. You insult me.’ ‘What is this?’ She leaned over the cup and took a breath. ‘My own concoction – Pumpkin Mocha Breve, light on the mocha. Don’t try to order it from anyone else; it’ll never turn out the same.’ ‘Thanks,’ Cath said. He grinned at her again. And she took a step backwards into a shelf full of mugs. ‘Bye,’ she said. Levi moved on to the next person, smiling as wide as ever.

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a Which of these coffee options have milk in them? latte cappuccino long black affogato espresso

N

b I don’t like coffee, but I do want a warm drink. Can you recommend 2 drinks?

IN

flat white

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VA

c Look at the images and write down the name under the drinks.

4 The internet is full of recipes for the ‘Starbucks Secret menu’. It is not a real menu, but rather drinks people have made up using Starbucks ingredients that you can order. Look at the Instagram posts and answer the questions.

pl

a Who should order a ‘Gingerbread Chai Latte’?

ex em

b How do you get an extra smooth ‘Tastes of October Frappuccino’?

c Which season is perfect for drinking a ‘Vanilla Pumpkin Nut Latte’?

d What is the correct way to order a Starbucks drink? Put the steps in the correct order. extras

name of drink

size

syrups

jk

e Which size options are there at Starbucks? small =

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medium =

large =

f Which language mistake do you see in the ‘how to order’ sections of the ‘Tastes of October Frappuccino’ and the ‘Vanilla Pumpkin Nut Latte’?

g What could be the reason for this?

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reading


IN

starbucks_secret_menu The Gingerbread Chai Latte! Here’s a delicious twist to the regular Chai Tea Latte! The bit of spice from both flavors go together perfectly, so if you’re a fan of the Chai Tea Latte and Gingerbread Latte, you’ll love this one! Take advantage of the holiday syrup and give this delight a try!

N

How to order: Chai Tea Latte Add Gingerbread Syrup (1 pump tall, 2 grande, 3 venti) Top with whipped cream

VA

How to order a grande ‘Can I have a grande hot Chai Tea Latte with 2 pumps of gingerbread?’ #starbucks #starbuckssecretmenu

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starbucks_secret_menu The Tastes of October Frappuccino! This frap is perfect for the Autumn and PSL lovers! This frap has cinnamon and a hint of toffee nut, perfect for any fall craving. This frap can also be coffee free if you ask for cream base.

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Pumpkin Spice Frappuccino Add Cinnamon Dolce Syrup (1 pump tall, 1.5 pumps grande, 2 pumps venti) Add Toffee nut Syrup (1 pump tall, 1.5 pumps grande, 2 pumps venti) Top with whipped cream and caramel drizzle optional: ask for it double blended for an extra smooth Frappuccino.

how to order a tall: ‘can I have a pumpkin spice Frappuccino with a pump of cinnamon and a pump of toffee nut with a caramel drizzle.’ #starbucks #starbuckssecretmenu

starbucks_secret_menu The Vanilla Pumpkin Nut Latte! This recipe can be enjoyed hot or cold and is a fall favorite among many!! Here’s the recipe: Pumpkin Spice Latte Add toffee nut syrup (1 pump tall, 1.5 grande, 2 venti) Add vanilla syrup (1 pump tall & grande, 1.5 pumps venti) ordering a tall hot latte you would ask ‘can I have a tall pumpkin Spice latte with a pump of toffee nut and a pump of vanilla?’ #starbucks #starbuckssecretmenu

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Here’s the recipe:

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SPOKEN INTERACTION

5 Work with a partner and make up your own secret menu drink. a Read through the options below. b Give your drink a name. c Tell another group how they should order your secret menu drink.

Coffee size

Hot or cold

Base

Milk

Syrups

Extras

IN

Our drink is called:

hot

espresso

2 percent

vanilla

whipped cream

medium

cold

shots

skim

almond

caramel drizzle

decaf

whole

caramel

mocha drizzle

tea

soy milk

hazelnut

chai

almond

raspberry

hot

milk

caramel

chocolate

cookie crumbles chocolate curls

VA

large

N

small

pumpkin spice

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6 Look at the steps for creating your own smoothie at the smoothie shop. Add the missing items.

THE SMOOTHIE SHOP MAKE YOUR OWN SMOOTHIE

Choose your base

ex em

pl

Step 1

jk

full cream

ki

coconut milk

coconut water

skim

yoghurt

soy milk

oat milk

Choose fruit & veg (up to 3)

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Step 2

almond milk

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N

IN

Add nuts or grains (optional, up to 2)

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Step 3

pl

walnut

oats

macadamia

toasted muesli

cashew

coconut butter

coconut meat

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Add 1 sweetener (optional)

maple syrup

fresh date

N

7 Invent your own smoothie and design a (digital) ad for it.

IN

Step 4

VA

a Preparation: think about the things you like in your smoothie. Look at the options in exercise 6. You can also add other ingredients if you like. b Action: design an (digital) ad for your personal smoothie. Give it a fun/original name. Make sure your ingredients are written on your ad.

Checklist: your smoothie ad

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c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Then compare your ad with that of a classmate. Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • My smoothie has at least 5 ingredients. • My smoothie has a fun/original name. • My ad looks appealing.

ex em

Feedback

pl

2 Language • I used correct spelling.

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CHECK 1, see p. 318

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writing


STEP 2 ⁄ How to order a sandwich Ordering a sandwich WATCHING

1 Watch the Subway video and complete the different steps.

4  Which would you like?

with that?

2  Which do you want?

IN

3  Do you want

5  Would yo

N

u like some

?

6  Wh ic

VA

h do you want?

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1  Which do you want?

What type of you want?

pl

2 Complete the names of the bakery items.

2

ex em b whole

bread or bread

Fr

st

5

6 ant

ki

ba

7

in

bread

te or

jk

4

3

8 t

la

10

9 p

11 lat

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bread

(hamburger)

bread

p

12 oca

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Which 3 Cheese, meat, cold cuts, seafood and vegetarian options: match the names of the food items to the pictures.

2

4

5

7

8

3

IN

1

do you want?

VA

N

6

pl

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9

11

ex em

10

14

15

in

ki

jk

13

12

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bacon

crab

mozzarella

cheddar

ham

shrimp

chicken filet

meatballs

tuna

hummus

avocado

chickpea salad

falafel

lentil salad

grilled haloumi

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Do you want

4 Unscramble the letters to get the correct cheese.

3

aredchd

4

atef

6

issws cesehe

7

auodg

8

ogat eseche

N

5

ellazarmoz

IN

2

ireb

Which

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5 Find the names of the vegetables in the word search (horizontally, vertically and diagonally) and link them to the right picture.

reamc cesehe

VA

1

with that?

would you like?

Y

E

B

S

S

H

D

I

F W O

Q

B

I

D

V

C

C

K

C

U

S

T

Q

J

T

P

Z

N

A

E

H N

Q

G

J

D

H

H

Q

A

A

S

R

E

B M U

C

U

C

Y

R

E

I

R M R

O

U

E

O

N H

T

Y

Z

Z

D

X

E

X

O W C

B

E

O

C

Z

S

C

C

J

D

E M W P

U

C M

V

Y

O

H

F

A

V

O

N

E

C

G

T

A

H W G

J

L

Y

R

V

N H N

B

P

T

U

K

N H

H

X W

R

S

I

T

V

Y

O

E

H

H

Q

C

T

Y

B

O

V

O

G

F

E

S

L

Z

P

A

S

F

T

V

T

K

N

Z

S

S

U W W N

S

T

V

W A

S

S

S M W C

U

L

I

C

Q

J

S

Q

G

E

S

Q

N

S

E

P

P

E

P

L

L

E

B

U

F

K

D

C M S

A

R

A

D

I

S

H

R

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S

in

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F

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Y

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Would you like some

2

3

4

5

6

VA

N

1

?

IN

6 Write the name of the sauce under the picture.

7 Write an appropriate question that someone who works in a sandwich shop would ask a customer in the speech bubbles next to to the questions in exercises 1 to 6.

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Did you know?

Courgette

pl

Pepper In the UK, Ireland and Malaysia, people usually call these peppers, but in North America and South Africa most people will call them bell peppers and in Australia, India, New Zealand and Singapore they call them capsicums.

ex em

In the US, Australia and English-speaking Canada, this plant is commonly called a zucchini. In the UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore and South Africa, people will call this a courgette.

Aubergine In the UK and Ireland, this is an aubergine, but in the US, Australia, New Zealand and English-speaking Canada, this is an eggplant.

jk

8 Listen to the dialogue between a sandwich maker (S) and a customer (C). Fill the gaps with the word you hear.

ki

S: Good morning and welcome to Subway. How can I help you?

C: I would like a sub, please.

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S: How        (1) subs would you like?

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C: Just one. S:        (2) size preference? 6 inch or footlong? C: I’d like a 6-inch, please. S: Good, so a 6-inch sub. Which bread would you like? C: Italian Herbs and Cheese please. S: Which fillings would you like? We have        (3) options.

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listening


C: How        (4) fillings can I choose? S: Two maximum. C:

Okay, I’d like bacon and turkey breast.

S: Anything else? Maybe        (5) cheese? C: No, thank you. I don’t want        (6) cheese. S: Would you like it toasted?

IN

C: Yes, please. S: Which vegetables would you like? C: I’d like        (7) tomatoes and        (8) red onions.

N

S: I am sorry; we don’t have        (9) tomatoes left.

cucumber instead. S: Would you like        (12) sauce on your sub? C:        (13) honey mustard, please.

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S: Would you like to make it a fresh value meal?

VA

C: No problem, I don’t need        (10) vegetables. Then just        (11) slices of

C: Sure. How        (14) water is there in a bottle? S: We have bottles of 33 cl and 50 cl.

C: I’ll have a small bottle of water and a cookie. S: Ok.

S: That will be £5.57. C: Here you go.

pl

C: How        (15) is that?

ex em

S: Thank you, you can pick up your order at the Pick Up line. Have a nice meal. C: Thanks, bye.

9 Look at the sentences below. Complete the table by answering the questions. a Are the sentences positive, negative or questions?

b Underline the nouns in each of the sentences below. Is the noun countable or uncountable?

jk

Some/any

Sentence

Maybe some cheese?

2

I don’t want any cheese.

3

I would like some tomatoes.

4

We don’t have any tomatoes left.

5

Then some slices of cucumber instead.

6

Do you have any size preference?

-

?

C

UC

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+

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Much/many

1

How many subs would you like?

2

How many fillings can I choose?

3

How much water is there in a bottle?

4

How much is that?

+

-

?

+

-

?

A lot of

UC

C

UC

N

Sentence

C

IN

Sentence

We have a lot of options.

2

I don’t need a lot of vegetables.

3

Do you have a lot of different sauces to choose from?

4

I don’t have a lot of money left to spend on lunch.

VA

1

HOW TO indicate quantity Quantifiers

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10 Complete the grammar box about ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’ and ‘many’ with information from exercise 9.

GRAMMAR

Unspecified quantity:

pl

– In general,       is used in positive sentences. e.g. I bought some apples today.

ex em

– In general,       is used in questions and negative sentences. e.g. Do you have any apples? I don’t have any apples today. Large quantity:

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– ‘Many’ is used before plural countable nouns. e.g. How many ice cubes would you like? – ‘Much’ is used before uncountable nouns. e.g. There is too much sugar in my tea. – ‘A lot of’ is always correct. e.g. We have a lot of options. See p. 308

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© Peter Menzel / www.menzelphoto.com

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VA

N

IN

11 Look at the picture of the Al Haggan family. They are from Kuwait. In the picture you see what they eat every week. Write questions with ‘how much’ and ‘how many’.

Standing between Wafaa Abdul Aziz Al Qadini, 37 (beige scarf), and Saleh Hamad Al Haggan, 42, are their children, Rayyan, 2, Hamad, 10, Fatema, 13, and Dana, 4. In the corner are the servants, Andera Bhattrai, 23 (left), and Daki Serba, 27.

e.g. How many eggs do they eat a week? They eat about 30 eggs a week.

pl

1

Mr and Mrs Al Haggan have 2 sons.

ex em

2

The Al Haggan family has two servants.

3

They spend about 63.63 dinar a week on food.

4

jk

They eat a lot of carrots.

5

ki

They don’t drink any orange juice.

They drink a lot of bottled water. 7 The family doesn’t eat a lot of meat. 8 They eat about 6 bananas.

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12 What are you having today? Take all of your food and drinks out of your bag. If you don’t have any food, think about everything you are going to buy today to eat at school. Tell a classmate what you are having. Use ‘some’, ‘any’, ’much’, ’many, ’a lot of’.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

13 Work with a partner. Prepare a dialogue in which you ask a family member to make you a sandwich.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

IN

a Preparation: what are the different things a sandwich is made of? Check them in exercise 1 on p. 279. Write your plan on a separate piece of paper.

b Action: talk to your partner. Make sure you use the quantifiers correctly and that you use the correct words for all the food.

N

c Reflection: check your dialogue by filling in the checklist.

Yes

I think so No

VA

Checklist: can you make me a sandwich? 1 Content and structure • We went through all the steps of making a sandwich. • We started and ended the conversation properly.

aa r©

2 Language • I used ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, and ‘many’ correctly. • I used correct words for all the food. • I paid attention to my pronunciation.

pl

Feedback

ex em

CHECK 2, see p. 322

STEP 3 ⁄ Tasty, tastier... tastiest

Describing and comparing food

1 ⁄ Nailed it!

SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Look at the cake in the picture. What do you think it is supposed to be? b Have you ever watched a baking show? Which ones? Why (not)?

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1 Discuss the questions below.

286

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2 Read the article and answer the questions.

reading

a What is a ‘spin-off’?

IN

b ‘The basic premise is three amateur bakers who have a reputation for their baking skills.’ What does ‘premise’ (l. 6) mean?

N

c True or false. Correct if the statement is false.

True

False

VA

Statement The bakers in the show are really good.

2

Allison’s cake looked and tasted bad.

3

According to the author, the first season had some of the biggest fails of the series.

4

Ismath had to make a swamp monster but ended up making a dinosaur.

5

You can win the show with a really bad cake.

ex em

pl

aa r©

1

Nailed It!: 3 biggest baking fails on the show

Netfl ix’s hit series Nailed It! is a TV series that is built on failure instead of success, and here are the biggest failures of the bunch.

jk

Nailed It! is one of the biggest baking Netflix hits to come on the streaming platform to date. It is so successful that there have been spin-offs created – such as Nailed It! Holiday – as well as other countries taking on their own versions of the series. For those unfamiliar, the basic premise is three amateur bakers who have a reputation for their baking skills, or rather their lack thereof, are brought onto the show to compete against each other. They must recreate the desserts in two separate challenges, and the best of the worst wins the $10,000 prize. They also get a time limit, which means they have to work extremely quickly. Needless to say, there are far more baking fails than instances of them actually nailing it, and these are the top 3 of the biggest fails of all-time.

10

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5

287


Allison attempts to make a high-fashion doll cake

IN

3

N

An interesting take on a T-Rex cake

ex em

pl

2

VA

20

Amateur baker Allison Rook may have won the finale of season 3, but in the first challenge, her cake left a lot to be desired. She was meant to build a cake around the body of a barbie doll, and then texturize it to make it look like an incredibly sophisticated dress. Instead of doing that, she proudly presented a cake that was so smashed down, her barbie doll was half-naked. She had green buttercream in her hair, the cake looked a mess, and according to the judges, didn’t taste much better than it looked. It was a baking fail of epic proportions.

aa r©

15

25

jk

30

Season 3 of Nailed It! had some of the biggest fails of the series, clearly, and this next one is another to add to that increasingly long list. In the main challenge, the contestants were meant to recreate an amazingly detailed T-Rex cake, but things did not go very smoothly on that front. Ismath Khan’s version of this dinosaur cake looked a to replicate: to make an exact copy more like the swamp thing rather than the T-Rex that was smashed down: fallen and broken into pieces attempted here. His eyes are wonky, he’s a disgusting color of a swamp: ‘een moeras’ green, and the teeth were something out of a horror movie. It to texturize: to add certain things to it to make it was a creative take on the original impeccably designed cake. more attractive Fantasyland cake

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1

288

35

40

wonky: not straight

Way back in the first season of the show, there was a fantasy theme to the desserts the contestants were meant to replicate. In the main challenge, it was a princess in a large tower that the bakers had to make in cake form. The results were equal parts hilarious and horrifying, with Toni Bryant’s version being our favorite. Her princess was the stuff of nightmares and did not even remotely resemble the princess from the cake Jacques Torres had created in the first place. Even with this disastrous cake, Toni still came out the victor, which just shows that anything can happen, even when you fail miserably.

Adapted from: https://screenrant.com

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3 Check the text. Underline the words in the text that describe the following. Complete the table. What?

How?

1 the proportions 2 the tower

IN

3 Toni’s cake 4 the long list 5 the detailed T-Rex cake 6 the sophisticated dress

N

7 to nail 8 to resemble

VA

9 to fail 10 quickly

12 smoothly

aa r©

11 proudly

4 Watch the video from Nailed It! and fi ll in the missing words. NICOLE

What’s up, witches! Today’s has some

WATCHING minisode

guests. Not only are we

fans of theirs, they’re big fans of us. So

pl

we conjured up some treats here in the Nailed It! test kitchen worthy of human sacrifice. Don’t you love it? I love it!

NICOLE

All right. Miranda, why do you have a hammer?

MIRANDA

If Lucy gets out of line.

LUCY

She’s

NICOLE

Now, ladies, today you’ll tackle one challenge. Get

ex em

JACQUES

going to kill me with it.

ready to hit the pause button when I show you these… aaah…

man cakes!

I did not expect this.

NICOLE

You’ve got Sabrina’s Harvey Kinkle; the

boyfriend, ,

and

warlock, Nicholas Scratch. And finally, the

Lord. Ooh, baby, it’s Lucifer! When

I say go, run up and grab the cake you wanna make. Okay, go! MIRANDA

Well, that was… that was amicable, wasn’t it? It’s the Dark Lord all the way. Zelda Spellman would always choose the Dark Lord.

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KIERNAN

289


NICOLE

Today, each of you has a Take a Chance button. Hit that, and get an advantage. But you won’t know what it is ahead of time ‘cause you’re taking a chance! Great! Are you ready? Go! Quick! You have an hour.

NICOLE

Kiernan, let’s see what you made.

KIERNAN

He’s warlock Spongebob basically. It’s a

IN

hour.

cake because it

bit drunk at the moment.

VA

is in motion. He’s going down, he’s a

N

Just one

NICOLE

Truly. He’s moving

.

KIERNAN

He is, it’s actually… he’s moving

slower than I’ve ever seen anything in the show fall. Oh no, there he goes…

NICOLE

It is now time to announce the winner. Lucy, you can

aa r©

NICOLE

step right back to where you were.

Jacques, please tell them who’s won. The winner is… Kiernan.

NICOLE

Kiernan, I’m gonna give you your prize. I did it, wow, it

worked.

Thank you. I feel

ex em

KIERNAN

pl

JACQUES

and I

Let’s take a selfie.

KIERNAN

It’s so

NICOLE

Congratulations.

nailed it. .

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© Luis Javier Villalba / Shutterstock.com

in

ki

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NICOLE

and

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5 Use the information from exercises 3 and 4 to complete the grammar box below.

GRAMMAR

HOW TO describe people, things and actions Adjectives and adverbs Adjectives tell us something more about

IN

or the verb

or are used with :

1 Noun e.g. special guests = ‘special’ tells you something more about the guests.

N

the tall warlock = ‘tall’ tells you something more about the warlock.

about how she feels.

VA

2 Linking verbs e.g. I feel shocked and amazed. = ‘shocked’ and ‘amazed’ both tell you something more 3 ‘To be’ e.g. It’s so cute. = ‘cute’ tells you something more about the subject ‘it’. ,

aa r©

Adverbs tell us something more about .

or

1 Verb e.g. He’s moving slowly. = ‘slowly’ tells you something about how he is moving. I totally nailed it. = ‘totally’ tells you something more about how I nailed it. 2 Adjective

pl

e.g. Today’s very special minisode = ‘very’ tells you something about ‘special’. This next one is another to add to that increasingly long list. = ‘increasingly’ tells you

something more about long.

ex em

3 Adverb

e.g. They have to work extremely quickly. = ‘extremely’ says something about ‘quickly’.

He’s moving very slowly = ‘very’ tells you something more about ‘slowly’.

Keep in mind!

Used with an adjective

Used with an adverb

to look to feel

to look good (= appearance) to feel good (= being healthy/happy)

to smell

to smell good (= odour)

to taste

to taste good (= you like the taste)

to look well (= healthy) to feel well (= to be able to touch something well) to smell well (= to be good at smelling) to taste well (= to be good at tasting)

in

ki

Verb

See p. 310

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Some verbs change meaning when they are used with adverbs.

291


6 Find the adverbs of these adjectives in the article in exercise 2. Adjective

Adverb

Adjective

1 amazing

4 remote

2 smooth

5 miserable

Adverb

IN

3 impeccable 7 Put the adjectives in the table and complete the rules. Adjective ends in

Adverb: -y >

N

easily

happily Adjective ends in

VA

angrily

Adverb: -ble > probably

aa r©

terribly

Adverb : -le >

Adjective ends in

simply gently

Adverb: +

Adjective ends in

fantastically

pl

enthusiastically economically

ex em

8 There are also irregular adverbs. Fill in their corresponding adjectives. Adverb

Adjective

Adverb

well

early

fast

daily

hard

straight

late

wrong, wrongly

jk

Adjective

9 Complete the sentences with the correct adverb or adjective.

ki

1 I don’t drink coffee; it’s way too

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2 My mother is a really

292

3 Would you like a

4 The cook was 5 6 Mary looked so 7 I ate the chocolate

. (bitter) cook. She can cook really

.

beer?

(cold)

injured after the oven exploded. add the sugar to the mixture.

(serious) (slow)

when her soufflé collapsed. .

(good)

(sad) (hungry)

8 Sookie

took the dish out of the oven.

(careful)

9 I had a

snack before dinner.

(quick)

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


10 Look at the recipe and complete it with the correct adverb or adjective.

IN

MARK'S STOUT AND CHOCOLATE SODA BREAD

Difficulty: Easy

VA

For the bread: 50g unsalted butter

Step 2 Place the butter, honey and sugar into a (2) (low) (1)(small) pan and place it over a (3) (regular) until the heat, stirring sugar has dissolved. Remove the pan from the heat and stir in the stout. Leave to cool.

50g runny honey 80g light muscovado sugar 150ml stout 250g plain flour 250g coarse brown bread flour

Step 3 Place the flours, cocoa powder, bicarbonate of soda and (4) (large) mixing bowl and stir salt into a in the chocolate chunks. Stir in the stout mixture and the buttermilk and keep stirring until it starts to come together (5) (soft), (6) (slight) to a (7) (sticky) dough. Then, place the (8) (light) floured worktop and dough on a shape it into a round loaf, taking care not to overwork it.

ex em

pl

30g unsweetened cocoa powder

1 tsp salt

Baking time: 30-40 mins

METHOD Step 1 Heat the oven to 200 °C/180 °C fan/gas 6.

INGREDIENTS

2 tsp bicarbonate of soda

Hands on time: 30 mins

aa r©

Makes: 1 large loaf

N

To enjoy Mark’s lovely, dark rich bread at its best, eat it within a day or so of baking. Making your own chilli butter is optional, of course, but a sure way to impress your guests.

200ml buttermilk For the butter:

300ml double cream

1/4 tsp sea salt flakes

in

ki

jk

1 red bird’s eye chilli, deseeded and finely chopped

EQUIPMENT You will need: a muslin-lined sieve

Step 4 Place the loaf on a baking sheet and, using a (10) (deep) cross in (9) (sharp) knife, cut a the top. Bake for 30-40 minutes, until a skewer inserted into the centre comes out clean and the bread sounds hollow when tapped on the base. Allow to cool on a wire rack. Step 5 While the bread is baking, make the butter. Place the cream in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the whisk (11) (medium) attachment. Whisk on a speed until the cream curdles, the butter solidifies on the whisk, and the buttermilk separates from the fat. Step 6 Place the butter inside the muslin-lined sieve over a bowl. Gather up the muslin and squeeze (12) (gentle) to remove the excess buttermilk, then place (13) (separate) bowl. the butter in a Mix in the salt and the chilli and serve in a (14) (small) bowl alongside the soda bread.

Adapted from: https://thegreatbritishbakeoff.co.uk

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150g 70% dark chocolate chunks

293


2 ⁄ Food memories reading

1 Be a food poet. a Preparation: read the poem and answer the questions. 1 What is the poem about?

IN

2 Where would you expect to find this poem?

N

3 Is this an apology?

VA

4 How many stanzas does the poem have? Highlight each in a different colour. 5 How many lines does each stanza have?

aa r©

6 Which question does each stanza answer? • Stanza 1: What • Stanza 2: • Stanza 3:

7 Do you think this is poetry? Why (not)?

pl

ex em

This Is Just To Say

By William Carlos Williams I have eaten the plums

that were in

jk

the icebox and which

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ki

you were probably

294

saving for breakfast Forgive me they were delicious so sweet and so cold

Source: www.poetryfoundation.org

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writing

b Action: write your own ‘apology’ poem. OPTION A: Fill in the blanks with your own words.

This Is Just To Say

IN

By I have

N

the that were in

VA

the and which you were probably

aa r©

saving for Forgive me

so

ex em

and so

pl

they were

OPTION B: Answer the questions from the preparation to help you write your own apology poem. Stanza 1:

ki

jk

Stanza 2:

Use your answers to write your own poem on a separate piece of paper.

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Stanza 3:

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c Reflection: – Check your task by filling in the checklist. – Then read your poem to a classmate. – Finally discuss the different poems with your class.

1 Preparation • I answered all the questions. • I chose 1 of the 2 options for my own poem. 2 Action • I used the structure of the poem by William Carlos Williams. • There is a clear idea in my poem.

2 Read the extracts from Relish and answer the questions.

aa r©

a How does Lucy remember things best?

VA

Feedback

I think so No

IN

Yes

N

Checklist: food poem

b What did Lucy do after her first year of college?

pl

ex em

c Where did she really fall in love with croissants?

d Describe the croissants.

jk

e Why did Lucy have to go back to the bakery?

ki

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f What will ‘croissants’ make Lucy think of from then on, you think?

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reading


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297

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N

VA

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pl

ex em

jk

ki

in

IN


N VA aa r©

pl

ex em

jk

ki

in

two hundred and ninety-eight

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IN


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299

two hundred and ninety-nine

N

VA

aa r©

pl

ex em

jk

ki

in

IN


3 In her graphic novel Relish Lucy writes in one panel ‘I hope you remember a time you tasted something that would shape you for years to come.’

writing

a Preparation: what food do you associate with an event or person from your past? Think about good memories.

IN

b Action: write a paragraph (about 50 words) in which you describe the food, what it tasted like, the person or event, and the good (or bad!) things you associate with this. Use at least 5 adjectives or adverbs in your text.

N

VA

aa r©

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Checklist: food memories

Yes I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I wrote about 50 words. • I described the event/person and the food that makes me think of this in a clear way.

ex em

pl

2 Language • I used adjectives and adverbs correctly. • I used the correct words in my text. • I used the correct tenses in my text (past tense for past experiences). • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

in

ki

jk

Feedback

three hundred

300

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3 ⁄ Taste this 1 Watch Buzzfeed’s ‘Americans Taste Test Irish Snacks’ and answer the questions.

WATCHING

a What does Tayto smell like? b What does Tayto taste like?

IN

c What does Dairy Milk Turkish taste like? d What does DipDap taste like? e What does black pudding look like?

N

f What does black pudding smell like?

VA

2 Link the tastes to the foods. bitter – bland – salty – sour – spicy – sweet

2

3

pl

aa r©

1

5

6

ex em

4

jk

3 Write down as many foods as you can to match each adjective. Work together with a partner. You only get 2 minutes!

– salty

– sour

– spicy

– sweet

in

ki

– bitter

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– bland

301


Salty, sweet, sour and bitter are considered the 4 main tastes, but there is also a fifth: umami. The word comes from Japanese, which means something like ‘pleasant savoury taste’. Foods that have a strong umami flavour include mushrooms, tomatoes, seafood, seaweed, broths, fish sauce and soy sauce. Adapted from: www.wisegeek.com

WATCHING

N

4 Watch the video about what spiciness really is and answer these questions.

IN

Did you know?

VA

1 What do we call the receptors in your mouth that sense spicy compounds? hotticus maximus polymodal nociceptors capsaicin reactors taste buds

aa r©

2 What does your brain think when you’re eating a hot pepper? That your body is being burned by fire. That your body is being sliced open. That you’re holding your breath. That you’re drowning.

pl

3 What is the difference between chillies and wasabi? The spices in chillies are made of smaller molecules that go up into the nose. nothing Chillies are spicy and wasabi is sour. The spices in wasabi are made up of smaller molecules that go up into the nose.

ex em

4 Which one of these is not a use for spice plants? decoration food medicine insulation Scoville rating

jk

5 Name one of the spiciest chillies in the world mentioned in the video.

in

ki

6 What are some theories why people still eat such spicy chillies today? Give 2 reasons.

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302

Pepper type

15 million

Pure capsacin

2-5.3 million

Pepper spray

1 million

Naga jolokia

577,000

Red savina

200,000-350,000

Habanero

100,000-250,000

Chiltepin

30,000-50,000

Cayenne

12,000-30,000

Arbol

8,000-23,000

Serrano

5,000-8,000

Yellow hot

3,500-8,000

Jalapeno

2,500-4,000

Guajillo

1,000-2,500

Pasilla

500-2,000

Anaheim

500-2,000

Chile verde

500-750

Red chilli

0

Bell pepper

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


WATCHING

5 Watch the video again and complete the sentences below. 1 How spicy is the

spice?

2 Your heart starts beating

.

3 The capsaicin and piperine found in black pepper and chilli peppers are made up of molecules called alkylamides.

4 Mustard, horseradish and wasabi are made up of

molecules called

isothiocyanates. pepper is a constant battle.

N

5 The race to create the

6 Some studies show that spice developed mostly in

to enjoy other adrenaline rich

activities like gambling.

Comparative and superlative

aa r©

6 Complete the grammar box below. HOW TO make comparisons

climates.

VA

7 Those who like to eat hot stuff are

IN

,

GRAMMAR

can be used to make comparisons. Comparative

Superlative USE

pl

USE

– To compare 1 person or thing with all of their group.

– Used with : e.g. The Carolina Reaper is hotter than a bell pepper.

– Used with : e.g. The Carolina Reaper is one of the hottest peppers in the world.

FORM

FORM

ex em

– To compare 1 person or thing with another person or thing.

1 syllable: add      e.g. faster, smaller, hotter 2 or more syllables: add      e.g. more delicious, more pleasant

1 syllable: add      e.g. fastest, smallest, hottest 2 or more syllables: add      e.g. most delicious, most pleasant

jk

Keep in mind!

– With adjectives that have 2 syllables and end in a consonant followed by a

,

- - -

With adjectives ending in a short vowel + consonant, the consonant. e.g. big, bigger, biggest There are irregular forms! e.g. good, better, best – little, less, least To indicate that something is (or is not) the same, we use ‘as + adjective + as’. See p. 312 e.g. Apples are as delicious as pears.

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change the . e.g. spicy, spicier, spiciest

303


SPOKEN INTERACTION

8 What do you think about this food? Look at the dishes from a Thai restaurant.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

7 Your teacher will give you some cards with items and clues. Give your partner 3 clues so they can guess what you are talking about. Use a comparative in your clues. Take turns.

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1 The

(smelly) dish is

2 The

(delicious) dish is (weird) dish is

4 The

(spicy) dish is

5 The

(much) salty dish is

6 The

(little) interesting dish on the menu is

7 The

(disgusting) thing on the menu is

VA

N

3 The

IN

a Fill in the sentences using a superlative and give your opinion on the food.

b Form groups and compare your answers. Use the expressions to give your opinion (cf. Unit 2). c Report to the class. What does the class think?

aa r©

9 Compare the example cake to the cake Cheri (another contestant on Nailed it!) made.

writing

ex em

pl

a Preparation: look at the photo and indicate 5 differences (think about how the cakes look, the taste, etc.).

funny – good – tasty – ugly – weird

three hundred and five

in

ki

jk

b Action: write 5 sentences (about 40 words). Use the comparative and superlative correctly. You can use the suggested adjectives.

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305


c Reflection: check your text, and then compare it with a classmate. Do you have the same differences? Checklist: comparisons

Yes I think so

IN

1 Content and structure • I wrote 5 sentences or about 40 words. • I discussed 5 differences between the 2 cakes.

No

N

2 Language • I used the comparative and superlative correctly. • I used the correct words to describe the food. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

CHECK 3, see p. 329

aa r©

VA

Feedback

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SUMMARY

IN

(The indefinite article and the plural of nouns)

GRAMMAR

HOW TO talk about one or more things

aa r©

VA

N

Can I have a mango, 2 boxes of strawberries and 6 kiwis please?

FORM

Singular

Plural

Rule

cups

General rule: noun + -s

a strawberry

strawberries

If the noun ends in a consonant + -y: -y à -ies

sandwiches

ex em

a sandwich

pl

a cup

If the noun ends in a hissing sound: noun + -es

Pronounced as:

/s/

/z/

/Iz/

e.g. cups crisps dates forks plates pots

e.g. knives bowls cartons kiwis peppers spoons

e.g. sandwiches fishes glasses pinches slices squashes

The ‘s’ is pronounced as /s/ after the following voiceless sounds: /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /T/.

The ‘s’ is pronounced as /z/ when a noun ends in a vowel or the voiced consonants (/b/, /d/, /g/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /4/, /r/, /v/, /j/).

If a word ends in a hissing sound (= /z/, /s/, /“/, /d“/, /t‘/, /‘/), the ‘s’ is pronounced as /Iz/.

ki

in

PRONUNCIATION

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and seven #

jk

Remember: – The indefinite article ‘a’/’an’ depends on the sound at the start of the following word. – If the following word starts with a consonant sound, we say ‘a’: e.g. a jar, a mango, a pear, a unit. – If the following word starts with a vowel sound, we say ‘an’: e.g. an apple, an espresso, an ice cream, an hour.

307


HOW TO indicate quantity

There isn’t any sugar left, I’m afraid. How much milk do you want?

ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

Just one and I want a lot of sugar in my tea!

How many slices of toast would you like?

IN

I would like to have some tea and some toast, please.

(Quantifiers)

1 Unspecifi ed quantity

USE

– – – – –

with plural of countable nouns with uncountable nouns in positive sentences in offers in requests

– – – – –

an apple g some apples water g some water There is some milk in the fridge. Do you want some tea? Could you get me some milk, please?

– – – – –

with plural of countable nouns with uncountable nouns in questions in negative sentences when the meaning is ‘it doesn’t matter which’

– – – – –

a pear g any pears milk g any milk Is there any milk left in the fridge? There isn’t any milk left in the fridge. You can ask for help any time!

in

ki

jk

some

any

EXAMPLES

three hundred and eight #

308

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


2 Large quantity

a lot of

before uncountable nouns in questions in negative sentences in positive sentences with ‘so’, ‘as’ or ‘too’

– – – –

– – – –

before plural countable nouns in questions in negative sentences in positive sentences with ‘so’, ‘as’ or ‘too’

– – – –

– always correct

many restaurants How many ice cubes would you like? There aren’t many restaurants here. There are too many ice cubes in my drink. – We have a lot of options.

3 Small quantity

– little sugar – I had little choice over the menu at the banquet.

– before uncountable nouns – mostly used in positive sentences

– a little milk – Have a little salsa on your eggs. It’s delicious!

– before plural countable nouns – mostly used in positive sentences – used in formal contexts

– few restaurants – Few people love hot sauce as much as I do.

– before plural countable nouns – mostly used in positive sentences

– a few apples – He let me pick a few peaches from the tree in his garden.

ex em

few

– before uncountable nouns – mostly used in positive sentences – used in formal contexts

pl

a little

EXAMPLES

aa r©

USE little

three hundred and nine #

in

ki

jk

a few

much sugar How much sugar do you want? I don’t need much sugar. There is too much sugar in my tea.

N

many

– – – –

VA

much

EXAMPLES

IN

USE

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

309


HOW TO describe people, things and actions

(Adjectives and adverbs)

We use really simple ingredients. Roughly chop the tomatoes and onions. Careful, it’s a sharp knife!

1 Adjectives

aa r©

VA

N

IN

Then, add them to the pot very carefully and stir occasionally.

Adjectives tell us something more about a noun. They can also be used with linking verbs or the verb ‘to be’. USE

pl

1 Noun e.g. tiny turtle = ‘tiny’ tells you how big the turtle is.

ex em

2 Linking verbs e.g. The chocolate tastes good. = ‘good’ tells you something about the chocolate.

3 ‘To be’ e.g. The cake pop is good. = ‘good’ tells you something about the cake pop.

2 Adverbs

jk

Adverbs tell us something more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb.

Adjective

Adverb

Example

general

adjective + -ly

rough

g roughly

ending in -y

-y g -ily

easy

g easily

ending in -ble

-ble g -bly

probable g probably

ending in consonant + -le

-le g -ly

simple

ending in -ic

adjective + -ally

fantastic g fantastically

ki

in

FORM

g simply

three hundred and ten #

310

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


Irregular! Adverb

Adjective

Adverb

well far fast hard late long

early daily low short straight wrong

early daily low short straight wrong, wrongly

IN

Adjective good far fast hard late long

USE

N

1 Verb

e.g. You started so well. = ‘well’ tells you something about how you started.

VA

2 Adjective e.g. But each egg holds a very special secret. = ‘very’ tells you something about special.

3 Adverb e.g. The cake was decorated extremely badly. = ‘extremely’ says something about badly.

aa r©

Keep in mind!

Some verbs change meaning when they are used with adverbs. Used with an adjective

Used with an adverb

to look

to look good (= appearance)

to look well (= healthy)

to feel

to feel good (= being happy/healthy)

to feel well (= healthy/recovered from an illness)

to smell

to smell good (= odour)

to smell well (= to be good at smelling)

to taste

to taste good (= you like the taste)

to taste well (= to be good at tasting)

three hundred and eleven #

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Verb

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

311


HOW TO make comparisons

(Comparative and superlative)

Yes, but mine is bigger!

And mine is the biggest!

USE Adjectives can be used to make comparisons. Comparative

Superlative

VA

N

IN

This is a really big hamburger.

aa r©

– To compare 1 person or thing with another – To compare 1 person or thing with all of their group. person or thing. – Used with ‘the’: – Used with ‘than’: e.g. Honey is sweeter than a salty cracker. e.g. The Americans have the tastiest breakfast. FORM

Comparative

pl

adjective + -er e.g. fast g faster

jk

2 syllables

in

ki

> 2 syllables

three hundred and twelve #

312

adjective + -est e.g. fast g fastest

Adjectives ending in consonant + -y g y changes to i before adding -er e.g. healthy ghealthier crispy g crispier

Adjectives ending in consonant + -y g y changes to i before adding -est e.g. healthy g healthiest crispy g crispiest

Other adjectives more + adjective + than e.g. more healthy than more boring than more pleasant than

Other adjectives the most + adjective e.g. the most healthy the most boring the most pleasant

more + adjective + than e.g. more expensive than more delicious than

the most + adjective e.g. the most expensive the most delicious

ex em

1 syllable

Superlative

Keep in mind! – Adjectives ending in a short vowel + consonant = double the consonant e.g. big, bigger, biggest – Irregular forms! e.g. good, better, best Adjective good bad much little

Comparative better worse more less

Superlative best worst most least

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


VOCABULARY

1 DRINKS

oat milk

orange juice

soy milk

2 FRUIT

banana

ex em

kiwi

lemon

lime

grapes

grapefruit

mango

mandarin

melon

orange

pear

peach

in

nectarine

pineapple

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

plum

raspberry(-ies)

strawberry(-ies)

three hundred and thirteen #

ki

jk

cherry(-ies)

pl

apple

tea

aa r©

N

milk

IN

coffee

coconut milk

VA

almond milk

313


3 BAKERY ITEMS

brown/white bread

bread roll

(hamburger) bun

cake

crisp bread

croissant

French stick/baguette

chicken filet

tortilla

chickpea salad

crab

ki

jk

pita bread

ex em

4 FILLINGS

pl

flatbread

aa r©

focaccia

VA

N

IN

bagel

three hundred and fourteen #

in

falafel

314

grilled haloumi

lentil salad

hummus

shrimp

tuna

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


asparagus

basil

broccoli

beans

cabbage

carrot

corn

courgette/zucchini

cucumber

kale

garlic

ex em

pl

chives

celery

aa r©

cauliflower

VA

N

aubergine/eggplant

IN

5 VEGETABLES AND HERBS

lettuce

jk

mushrooms

ki

(bell) peppers

potato(-es)

parsley

radish(-es)

peas

spinach

tomato(-es)

turnips

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and fifteen #

in

onion

315


chicken/ roast chicken

lamb

meatballs

minced meat

salami

sausages

ex em

pl

7 CHEESE

N

ham

cold cuts

aa r©

chicken/grilled chicken breast

VA

bacon

IN

6 MEAT

brie

cheddar

jk

Gouda

mozzarella

parmesan

goat cheese

Swiss cheese

three hundred and sixteen #

in

ki

feta

cream cheese

316

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


Starting the conversation

2

Ordering

3

Taking the order

Hi, how can I help you? Hello, how may I help you?

VA

N

Can I get ... ? I would like to get ...

Yes, I would. / No, I wouldn’t. Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Yes, we do. I’m sorry, we don’t have ...

Do you have ...?

I’d like some ..., please. I would like some ..., please. Some ..., please. No, thank you.

pl

Would you like anything else? Anything else?

aa r©

Would you like ...? Do you want ...?

Finishing the conversation

ex em

4

IN

1

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

HOW TO order in a shop

Will that be all?

That will be ..., please.

jk

Thank you very much. Have a nice day.

Paying

Yes, thank you. How much is it? How much is that? Here you go. Here you are. Thanks. Bye. Thank you. Goodbye.

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and seventeen #

in

ki

5

317


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Using countable and uncountable nouns 1 Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.

IN

listening

a Complete the drinks order. 1 two

N

2 one 3 one

VA

4 one 5 a babyccino 6 an orange juice

aa r©

7 a 8 two

three hundred and eighteen

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

b Look at the fridge and pantry and write down what you will need to make the order. Always mention the containers (if possible).

318

1

5

2

6

3

7

4

8

Score

< 10

≥ 10

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 3

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


2 Look at the smoothie options on the menu. What fruits are missing from the description?

Berry Blast Berries help improve brain function. A memorable mix of blackberries,

,

IN

, and young coconut water with a cayenne pepper boost.

N

Tropical Green Detox A mix of spinach,

VA

Leafy greens help detoxify the liver. ,

, filtered water and ginger

Tropical Turmeric

aa r©

with a dash of cayenne pepper.

Turmeric is a natural pain relief aid. Turmeric,

,

,

pl

,

young coconut water, coconut oil and ginger with a

ex em

dash of cinnamon. Score

<6

≥6

Next exercise

ex. 4

ex. 3

3 Name the containers, then give 2 examples of food that can go into these containers.

3

Container

2

Container

Food

Food

Container

4

Container

Food

Food

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and nineteen

in

ki

jk

1

319


6

Container

Container

Food

7

Food

Container

Container

8

Food

Score

< 18

≥ 18

Next exercise

ex. 6

ex. 5

VA

N

Food

IN

5

1 A … of honey

packet

2 A …. of water

piece

3 A … of biscuits

carton

4 A … of tea

jar

5 A … of milk

cup

6 A carton of …

sugar

8 A jar of …

cup

bottle

carton

glass

bottle

packet

box

jar

cup

bottle

glass

glass

carton

bottle

coffee

eggs

yoghurt

wine

lemonade

yoghurt

coffee

mayonnaise

potatoes

apples

wine

water

orange juice

coffee

tea

apples

crisps

cookies

potatoes

ex em

9 A cup of …

10 A bag of … Score

jar

pl

7 A bottle of …

aa r©

4 Which options are possible? Sometimes there is more than one option.

<6

Next exercise

6–8

≥8

ex. 6

Check 2, p. 322

in

ki

jk

5 Work with a partner. You will each get a picture of a loaded shopping trolley. Memorize what is in it. Then tell student B what was in the cart. Student B has to make a shopping list of the items you have seen. Then switch roles!

three hundred and twenty

320

Score

D

C

Next exercise

ex. 6

Check 2, p. 322

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

SPOKEN INTERACTION


6 Look at the pictures and complete the shopping list.

3

of tea

6

of beer

a

of jam

2

N

of milk

VA

2

IN

1

a 5

aa r©

3

6 of

pl

a

5

7

6

8

Score

<6

Next exercise

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

≥6 Check 2, p. 322

three hundred and twenty-one

in

ki

jk

ex em

4

321


CHECK 2 ⁄ Ordering a sandwich 1 Your classmate has a free period and is going to the supermarket. They are going right after class, so you are secretly texting each other. Ask them to bring you something to drink and something to eat.

IN

a Preparation: decide who is going to the store. Think about the things you want your classmate to bring. Remember: food and drink, and at least 1 or 2 healthy ingredients!

written INTERACTION

N

b Action: write your exchange on a separate piece of paper or use WhatsApp (for the web). If you use WhatsApp take a screenshot and send it to your teacher. Make sure each of you writes at least 5 sentences. Use ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘many’, ‘a lot of’ correctly.

Checklist: can you bring me lunch?

VA

c Reflection: how did your conversation go? Fill in the checklist. Yes

No

aa r©

1 Content and structure • I asked for something to eat (healthy options!) and something to drink. • We started and ended the conversation properly.

I think so

Feedback

<6

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex em Score

pl

2 Language • I used ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘many’, and ‘a lot of’ correctly. • I used the correct words for all the food. • I used correct spelling.

6–8

>8

ex. 6

ex. 7

4–6

>6

ex. 4

ex. 5

three hundred and twenty-two

in

ki

jk

2 What are the ingredients of this sandwich?

322

Score Next exercise

<4

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


3 Complete the sentences. a Use ‘some’ or ‘any’. 1 I wanted to make an apple pie but there aren’t       apples left. 2 Would you like       more coffee? 3 Would you like       sugar in your tea?

IN

4 Is there       chance of getting a breakfast? 5 Have you got       mayonnaise to go with my French fries? 6 I bought       cookies for a charity today. 7 I can’t find       butter but we’ve got some olive oil.

N

8 There aren’t       greengrocers open on a Sunday.

VA

b Use ‘much’ or ‘many’. 1 How       bottles of wine are there in the cellar? 2 How       eggs do you need to make a cake? 3 This shop has so       types of sweets.

aa r©

4 How       bacon have you eaten this morning?

5 We don’t need       from the store; we have some leftovers. 6 There are       people waiting for the new restaurant to open. 7 How       tea do you need? Score

< 10

≥ 10

Next exercise

pl

Juan and Mary are going on a daytrip. Highlight the correct form.

ex em

4

ex. 5

Score

< 12

Next exercise

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

12 – 16

> 16

ex. 3

ex. 5

three hundred and twenty-three

in

ki

jk

Juan: I am going to make us some/any sandwiches for lunch. Mary: That’s a good idea, then we can save some/any money. Juan: As we are leaving, I am going to use some/any leftovers. Is there some/any bacon left from yesterday? Mary: Erm, yes I think there is some/any left, but it is not much/many. Let me check the fridge. … Oh, there are some/any tomatoes and cucumber in here. Juan: Perfect. Is there some/any chicken? Mary: No. We had too much/many chicken yesterday. But we do have some/any hard-boiled eggs. How much/many eggs do you need? Juan: Two will be fine. Can you also bring some/any mayonnaise? Mary: OK, but I don’t want much/many mayonnaise on my sandwich. Juan: Got that! Could you get some/any snacks and a drink? Mary: I have already packed some/any fruit and cookies. Do you want some/any water or coke? Juan: Do we still have some/any diet coke? Mary: No there isn’t some/any left. Juan: Then I will have some/any water, please. Not too much/many. Mary: Ok, then we are ready to go!

323


5 Look at the pictures. Would you add this ingredient to your sandwich? Why (not)? Write a sentence using ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘many’, ‘a lof of’.

1

2

N

IN

e.g. I would add a lot of lettuce to my sandwich because it is healthy. I wouldn’t add much lettuce to my sandwich because I don’t really like it.

VA

3

4

aa r©

5

Score

C

Check 3, p. 329

ex em

Next exercise

D

pl

6 Watch the video ‘Healthy lunchbox ideas’ and come up with your own healthy sandwich. a Preparation: watch the video and fill in the ingredients. 1 Put a spin on a traditional wrap:

2 Make lunchbox kebabs:

jk

ki

3 Think outside the breadbox:

three hundred and twenty-four

in

– Change bread into:

324

– Use cookie cutters to create fun shapes for – Use veggies for vessels:

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

WATCHING


b Action: invent your own funny sandwich. Make sure it is healthy. Include at least 5 ingredients, 3 of these should be vegetables. My own funny sandwich

IN

1 Ingredients

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist.

Yes

aa r©

Checklist: funny sandwich

VA

N

2 Why is it funny?

I think so

No

1 Content • My sandwich is healthy. • My sandwich has at least 5 ingredients, including 3 vegetables. • I explained why my sandwich is funny.

pl

2 Language • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

ex em

Feedback

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 5

ex. 7

7 Read the summary and the excerpt from the novel Americanah by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and answer the questions.

reading

jk

a Where is Ifemelu originally from?

ki

b ‘a humorous preamble about how Americans ate bread for lunch’ (l. 2): What does Ifemelu expect to get from her aunt about having bread for lunch? a long explanation a funny explanation a difficult explanation c How is it said in the text? 1 It was all dry and wrinkled from heat. 2 She is trying not to laugh.

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and twenty-five

in

a boring explanation

325


d True or false? Correct if the statement is false. True

2

Ifemelu knows how to prepare hot dogs.

3

Dike wants Nigerian food for lunch.

4

Ifemelu thinks hot dogs are sausages.

N

Ifemelu had television in Nigeria.

VA

1

False

IN

Statement

Total:

/ 10

aa r©

e ‘It’s like saying that a bikini is not the same thing as underwear.’ (l. 28) Do you agree with this? Why (not)?

AMERICANAH (CHIMAMANDA NGOZI ADICHIE)

ex em

pl

Ifemelu and Obinze are young and in love when they leave military-ruled Nigeria for the West. Beautiful, confident Ifemelu heads for America, where she is successful, but she also learns what it means to be black for the first time. Quiet, thoughtful Obinze had hoped to join her, but with post-9/11 America closed to him, he has a much harder time trying to make a living in London. Fifteen years later, they reunite in their homeland Nigeria.

Adapted from: www.goodreads.com

‘There’s corned beef so you can make sandwiches for lunch,’ Aunty Uju had said, as though those words were perfectly normal and did not require a humorous preamble about how Americans ate bread for lunch. But Dike didn’t want a sandwich. After he had shown her all his toys, and they had watched some episodes of Tom and Jerry, with him laughing, thrilled, because she had watched them all before in Nigeria and so told him what would happen before it did, he opened the refrigerator and pointed at what he wanted her to make him. ‘Hot dogs.’ Ifemelu examined the curiously long sausages and then began to open cupboards to look for some oil.

ki

jk

1

three hundred and twenty-six

in

5

326

‘Mommy says I have to call you Aunty Ifem. But you’re not my aunt. You’re my cousin.’ 10

‘So call me Cousin.’ ‘Okay, Coz,’ Dike said, and laughed. His laughter was so warm, so open. She had found the vegetable oil.

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


‘You don’t need oil,’ Dike said. ‘You just cook the hot dog in water.’ ‘Water? How can a sausage be cooked in water?’ ‘It’s a hot dog, not a sausage.’

20

Of course it was a sausage, whether or not they called it the ludicrous name of ‘hot dog’, and so she fried two in a little oil as she was used to doing with Satis sausages. Dike looked on in horror. She turned the stove off. He backed away and said ‘Ugh.’ They stood looking at each other, between them a plate with a bun and two shrivelled hot dogs. She knew then that she should have listened to him.

N

IN

15

When, that evening, Ifemelu told Aunty Uju about the hot dog incident, Aunty Uju said with none of the amusement Ifemelu had expected, ‘They are not sausages, they are hot dogs.’

aa r©

25

VA

‘Can I have a peanut butter and jelly sandwich instead?’ Dike asked. She followed his instructions for the sandwich, cutting off the bread crusts, layering on the peanut butter first, stifling her laughter at how closely he watched her, as though she just might decide to fry the sandwich.

‘It’s like saying that a bikini is not the same thing as underwear. Would a visitor from space know the difference?’ Aunty Uju shrugged; she was sitting at the dining table, a medical textbook open in front of her, eating a hamburger from a rumpled paper bag. Her skin dry, her eyes shadowed, her spirit bleached of colour. She seemed to be staring at, rather than reading, the book.

pl

30

ludicrous: ridiculous, absurd preamble: foreword, explanation rumpled: wrinkled shrivelled: dried up, shrunken stifling > to stifle: suppress

ex em

Source: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Americanah, p. 111-113

f

Ifemelu likes to fry her sausages in oil and doesn’t want to boil the hot dogs. Which popular food could you prepare/eat differently?

writing

– Preparation: look at the list of popular Belgian foods below. Choose 1 or 2 and tell us how you would make these differently. If you don’t like any of these foods, choose your own ‘popular’ dish you would make differently.

chocolates

fries

mussels

speculoos

stoemp

vol-au-vent

waffles

ki

jk

steak tartare

in

tomato with shrimp

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and twenty-seven

Popular Belgian foods

327


Think about the following questions: 1 How do you normally prepare/eat this food? 2 What could you change about the preparation of the foods or how would you eat it differently? (Would you change the way of making it, would you include different ingredients?)

VA

N

– Action: write about 40 words. Use ‘I would + verb’ in your sentences.

IN

3 Why would you do it this way?

aa r©

– Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Checklist: think outside the food box

Yes

I think so

No

1 Content • I answered the questions from the preparation. • I gave good reasons for my opinion. • My text is about 40 words long.

ex em

pl

2 Language • I used the construction ‘I would + verb’ in my sentences. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

jk

Total:      / 10

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 6

Check 3, p. 329

three hundred and twenty-eight

in

ki

Score

328

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


CHECK 3 ⁄ Describing and comparing food writing

1 Pimp your text!

This is a row of cupcakes. Each cupcake has a candle. The first cupcake has dots on a wrapper. The fifth cupcake has flowers on it. There’s frosting on the cupcakes.

ex em

pl

aa r©

This is a cake. It has layers. The cake has dots and stripes. There are candles. It looks like it tastes good.

VA

N

IN

a Make these very basic texts more interesting by using adjectives and adverbs. Add at least 1 adjective or adverb per sentence.

jk

Total:      / 10

b Compare the 2 pictures.

ki

– Preparation: look at your improved sentences in exercise a. Which sentences would be useful for your comparison?

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and twenty-nine

in

– Action: write between 25 and 40 words. Use comparatives and superlatives correctly.

329


– Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Checklist: writing a comparison

Yes

I think so

IN

1 Content • I used the information from exercise a to write a comparison. • My text is 25 to 40 words long.

No

2 Language • I used the comparative and superlative correctly. • I used adjectives and adverbs correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

VA

N

Feedback

Total:      / 10 < 12

Next exercise

ex. 3

12 – 16

aa r©

Score

ex. 4

> 16

ex. 7

2 Read the recipe and fill in the correct adverb or adjective.

BEST CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIES (big),

(thick) and chewy chocolate chip cookies

Instructions

(large) baking tray with parchment paper and set aside.

ex em

1 Line a

pl

loaded with a variety of chocolate and oats for the best taste and texture!

2 In a

(big) bowl cream together butter, brown sugar and white sugar.

3 Mix in salt, eggs, vanilla and lemon juice until creamy. Set aside. 4 In a large bowl, whisk together flour, baking soda, baking powder and oats.

5

(gradual) add dry ingredients into wet ingredients until a dough

has formed.

jk

6 Fold in chocolate chips.

7 Using an ice cream scoop (1/4 cup worth), scoop out the dough and place onto the

ki

prepared cookie sheet.

in

8 Flatten each ball of dough

three hundred and thirty

330

(slight) and shape into

(small) puck.

9 Freeze for about 1 hour or until dough is frozen. 10 Preheat oven to 325 F. 11 Remove a few cookies from the tray so that cookies are 3 inches apart. 12 Bake for 18-20 minutes. The center of the cookies will appear (slight) underdone when removed from oven but will continue cooking as they cool.

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


13 Let the cookies sit on

(hot) pan for about 2-3 minutes

before removing to a cooling rack to finish cooling. (I usually let them cool (complete) on the pan.) 14 Once cooled store in an airtight container. Texture gets even better a few hours

IN

later! Source: https://divascancook.com

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

N

ex. 4

VA

3 Complete the definitions of the fruit, using the appropriate adjectives or adverbs from below. 1

careful – fine – juicy – stiff – tropical – yellow

Pineapple: A large        ,         fruit consisting of

aa r©

aromatic edible         flesh surrounded by a tough segmented skin and topped with a tuft of         leaves.

Cut off the top and bottom of the pineapple using a sharp knife. Stand the fruit upright and cut off the skin        , following the curve of the fruit. Quarter the peeled pineapple lengthwise. Stand each quarter upright and cut away the center core. Slice the quarter         into thin wedges.

pl

Source: www.foodnetwork.com

crisp – gentle – green – red – rose – round – vertical

ex em

2

Apple: The         fruit of a tree of the         family, which typically has thin         or         skin and         flesh.         turn the fruit upside down and make the first incision a few centimeters away from the core. Then continue to cut           into the apple until you have a grid.

jk

Source: www.huffingtonpost.com

3

curved – firm – immediate – pulpy – yellow

ki

Banana: A long          fruit which grows in clusters and has soft

the banana opposite from the stem. Take your thumb and nail and         press it into the black part of the top. Once you’ve got the top part off, start             to peel it back towards the stem. Source: www.instructables.com

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and thirty-one

in

flesh and          skin when ripe. Find the end of

331


4 Write sentences comparing the 2 foods. Write 2 sentences for each number: one with a comparative and one with a superlative. e.g. a pple – grapefruit (juicy) A grapefruit is juicier than an apple. A grapefruit is the juiciest.

IN

1 lime – pear (sour)

2 cucumber – cheese (salty)

4 grape – blueberry (small)

Next exercise 5 Who is Turbo Tortoise?

6–8

>8

ex. 6

ex. 5

pl

<6

Score

aa r©

5 whole grain bread – white bread (nutritious)

VA

N

3 red pepper – bell pepper (spicy)

ex em

a Preparation: read the text about ninja snails. Highlight the comparatives and superlatives in the text. Then look at the Turbo Tortoise chart and choose which animals you are going to compare.

jk

NINJA SNAILS

three hundred and thirty-two

in

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Loop-the-loopers take ages to get anywhere, because of all that looping, but compared to Ninja Snails they are quite fast. Ninja Snails are the slowest of all animals – in fact, they’re even slower than a block of wood, as you can see on the animal speed chart opposite.

332

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

writing


ex em

pl

aa r©

VA

N

IN

b Action: write 5 comparative sentences about the Turbo Tortoise.

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Checklist: Turbo Tortoise

Yes

I think so

No

2 Language • I used the comparative and superlative correctly. • I used correct spelling and punctuation. Feedback

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 6

ex. 7

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

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ki

jk

1 Content • I highlighted the comparisons in the text about the Ninja Snails. • I wrote 5 sentences about the Turbo Tortoise. • I compared 5 things.

333


writing

6 Compare what the Revis family and the Mendoza family eat. a Preparation: check the photos and indicate 5 things you want to write about. b Action: write your comparison (about 50 words). Make sure that you use the following words in your text:

IN

fresh – healthy – nutritious – packaged – vegetables The Revis family

aa r©

VA

N

The Mendoza family

pl

ex em

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist.

Checklist: comparing food

Yes

I think so

No

jk

1 Content • I wrote about 50 words. • I compared at least 5 items.

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2 Language • I used the comparative and superlative correctly. • I used the correct words to describe the food. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

334

Feedback

Score Next exercise

<7

≥7 All done!

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


7 Write a rhyming poem. a Preparation: read the poem ‘Last Night I Dreamed of Chickens’ and answer the questions.

reading

IN

– What is the poem about?

– This poem has rhyme in it. Rhymes can happen in different patterns, you can rhyme every line, every other line or every few lines. Highlight the rhyming words in the poem.

N

– What is the rhyming pattern in this poem?

VA

Last Night I Dreamed of Chickens

They were on the chairs and tables, they were on the chandeliers, they were roosting in the corners, they were clucking in my ears,

aa r©

Last night I dreamed of chickens, there were chickens everywhere, they were standing on my stomach, they were nesting in my hair, they were pecking at my pillow, they were hopping on my head, they were ruffling up their feathers as they raced about my bed.

there were chickens, chickens, chickens for as far as I could see... when I woke today, I noticed there were eggs on top of me.

Source: Jack Prelutsky, Something BIG has been here, published by Greenwillow, 1990

writing

pl

b Action:

– How many rhyming words can you make with the food words below? Find at least 2 for every word. Use a rhyming dictionary!

• honey

• cake

• can

ex em • meat

– Write your own rhyming poem on a separate piece of paper. Write 5-10 lines. You can use the words above.

c Reflection: check your task by filling in the checklist. Checklist: rhyming poem

Yes

I think so

No

2 Action • I used a rhyming pattern in my poem. • There is a clear idea in my poem. Feedback

Score

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 6

All done!

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT

three hundred and thirty-five

in

ki

jk

1 Preparation • I answered the questions about ‘Last Night I Dreamed of Chickens’.

335


CHECK OUT PLACING YOUR ORDER ORIENTATION

IN

You are going out for some take-out food or drinks. You are not entirely sure what you want. You will have to ask the barista/server to compare 2 drinks or 2 food items, so you get the items you really like.

N

PREPARATION

VA

1 Pair up. Decide who will be the server/barista and who will be the customer.

2 Read the menu you have been given. Make sure you understand everything. If you are the customer, decide which 2 drinks and 2 food items you will be ordering.

aa r©

ACTION

SPOKEN INTERACTION

3 Look at the role cards below and have a conversation with your partner.

CUSTOMER

BARISTA/SERVER

Name: • Serve the customer politely. • Answer all of their questions.

ex em

pl

Name: • Order 2 drinks and 2 food items. • You are unsure about 1 of your items. • Ask the barista/server if they can recommend which one is better (and why). • Think about taste, size, flavour, etc.

REFLECTION

4 Refl ect on your task by fi lling in the checklist. Checklist: placing your order

Yes

I think so

No

jk

1 Preparation • I have read the menu and made sure I understood everything.

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2 Content and structure • We went through all the steps of ordering. • We started and ended the conversation properly.

336

3 Language • I used ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘many’, and ‘a lot of’ correctly. • I used correct grammar (e.g. to compare food). • I used the correct words for all the food. • I paid attention to my pronunciation. Feedback

Trace your steps on diddit.

UNIT 5: EAT IN/TAKE OUT


UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

Step 1:

Step 2 :

analysing a story

pl

aa r©

VA

N

MAIN TRACK

discussing English-speaking countries

IN

CHECK IN

ex em

SUMMARY

Step 3 :

TRACE YOUR STEPS

ki

jk

giving your opinion on a literary text

in

ON DIFFERENT TRACKS

CHECK OUT: APPRECIATING (LITERARY) ART


CHECK IN CULTURAL HERITAGE 1 Guess who, guess what.

IN

a Pair up! You will get a pack of cards with a specific item on each card.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

b Describe the item to your partner without mentioning the actual name of the item. Can your partner guess who or what you are talking about?

N

c Switch turns after each guess.

VA

2 Discuss with your partner to which English-speaking country the items on the cards belong: Australia, South Africa, Canada or New Zealand. – Australia: – South Africa:

– New Zealand:

aa r©

– Canada:

3 How would you put these items in a mind map? Which main categories do the items fall under?

338

© Jose Gil / Shutterstock.com

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ki

jk

ex em

pl

How would you structure these items?

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


MAIN TRACK STEP 1 ⁄ Let the games begin

1 ⁄ Different countries, different cultures 1 Play the culture game.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

N

a Work in teams. Each group will get different descriptions of cultural items.

IN

Discussing English-speaking countries

VA

b Each group has to find the corresponding picture of the description and identify the Englishspeaking country to which it belongs. c Afterwards form new groups and share your information with each other.

aa r©

2 Let’s recap what we know about the Commonwealth of Nations.

ex em

E

pl

E

a Play the game: ‘Who is the smartest person in the room?’ The group that finishes the fastest and with the most correct answers wins.

SPOKEN INTERACTION

b Use the information from the game to complete the Commonwealth fact file.

reading

Commonwealth fact file

It is one of the world’s oldest political associations. It now has

nearly all former territories of the . Synonym: Family of

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

member states,

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in

ki

jk

Commonwealth

339


The head of the Commonwealth •

in only

countries have their

are

of the countries .

IN

.

The members The original members were

N

VA

,

aa r©

,

,

,

pl

, and

ex em

North America).

,

(a large island off the east coast of

Some values of the Commonwealth Charter What are some values mentioned in the Commonwealth Charter? Correct the false ones. Values

True

False

1 freedom of expression

jk

2 protecting society

in

ki

3 gender equality

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340

4 access to health, education, food and shelter 5 recognition of the needs of big states 6 separation of powers 7 tolerance, respect and understanding

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


The Commonwealth Games

• What:

IN

• Where:

N

• Synonym:

• Best country:

with

Becoming a member

medals

aa r©

• How:

VA

• When:

joined without being part of the

British empire.

• Based on a shared commitment to values: –

ex em

Suspension

pl

• Most severe

• 4 countries have been suspended from the Commonwealth since 1995:

have each been suspended twice.

has been withdrawn permanently from the Commonwealth.

jk

and

.

WATCHING

a Before you listen to the interviewees try to answer these 2 questions yourself. Compare your answers with a classmate afterwards.

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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3 Listen to people answering the questions: ‘What does “British Empire” mean to you?’ and ‘What does “Commonwealth” mean to you?’

341


b Match the interviewees with their quotes. Question 1: What does ‘British Empire’ mean to you? 9 slavery

2 unity

10 nostalgia

3 family history

11 to be united

4 friendship

12 taking what belongs to another country to make money

5 to conquer the world for resources

13 mainly from the past

6 400-500 years of (personal) history

14 heritage

7 fellowship

15 overuse of resources

B

pl

N

aa r©

a

VA

8 riches

IN

1 invasion

D

jk

ex em

C

F

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ki

E

342

A

B

C

D

E

F

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


Question 2: What does ‘Commonwealth’ mean to you? 4 to pay back for the naughty things the British have done over the years

2 countries that are associated with Britain’s richness (wealth), but you can’t have any of yours back

5 connotation is more important, more relevant and more inspiring

3 countries that helped Britain during World War One

6 remember them

N

B

aa r©

VA

a

IN

1 a number of countries that come together voluntarily

D

ex em

pl

C

F

A

B

C

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

D

E

F

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ki

jk

E

343


4 Divide the answers of the interviewees into 2 categories: the positive aspects and the negative aspects.

WATCHING

Question 1: What does ‘British Empire’ mean to you? Negative aspects

Negative aspects

ex em

pl

Positive aspects

aa r©

Question 2: What does ‘Commonwealth’ mean to you?

VA

N

IN

Positive aspects

jk

5 Compare your answers with your partner and discuss the differences. Before you start, read through the expressions on how to give your opinion on p. 240 in the Summary of Unit 4. 6 Let the games begin. Watch the commercial and answer the questions.

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a Whose picture is shown at the beginning of the commercial?

344

b What is the commercial about? c What is the goal of this commercial? d Which sports are in the games?

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

SPOKEN INTERACTION

WATCHING


2 ⁄ Zooming in on Australian culture and language SPOKEN INTERACTION

1 Can you guess what the following words mean? – a barbie:

– an arvo: 2 Watch the video and answer the following questions about Australian English.

IN

– a prezzie:

WATCHING

VA

N

a What are the characteristics of a bogan according to the woman who is being interviewed?

b What advice does the first interviewee give?

Words are shortened or abbreviated –

aa r©

c There are several examples given of how Australian English words are formed. Complete the table below and give examples. Words are shortened and end in -o – –

= Barry

– prezzie =

= petrol/service station

= Sharon

– barbie =

= ambulance

= Lauren

ex em

Words are shortened and end in -za (people’s names)

pl

= afternoon

Words are shortened and end in -ie or -y

d What is the Australian English word for these words?

jk

– sweatpants:

– petrol station:

ki

– liquor store:

– liquor: – break: – idiot: – cigarette: – to toss:

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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in

– swimsuit:

345


e Have a look at the following English words. Try to make them more ‘Aussie’. – breakfast:

– a sick day off work:

– biscuit:

– sunglasses:

– football:

IN

– laptop: – mosquito:

N

3 Watch the following excerpt in which 2 friends demonstrate Australian slang. Answer the questions.

VA

a Make the following Australian phrases more understandable by using the vocabulary from the excerpt.

aa r©

After smoko I might go down the bowlo sarvo for a schnitty and bevvy with Tommo.

ex em

pl

Then I’ll head back to the missus for din-dins with the fam and watch some soapies on the telly.

jk

Hopefully on the way home I won't get pulled over by the coppers coz I don’t have me rego.

b Which word is also British in the excerpt?

in

ki

c Which reason does Josh give for the fact that they have ‘British’ words in their vocabulary?

4 Australians do not only abbreviate the English language, but they also give other meanings to certain words.

three hundred and forty-six

346

a What do you think the following words mean? – a thong: – budgie smugglers: – bum bag: – fairy floss:

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

WATCHING


aa r©

VA

N

IN

b Have a look at the cartoon and tick the correct meaning for each word. Did you guess correctly?

WATCHING

pl

5 Listen to the episode of Canguro English and answer the questions.

ex em

a What does the speaker try to do (= goal)?

b When was the poem written?

jk

c What is ‘Strine’?

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

English version

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Strine version

in

ki

d What is the poem about in Strine? Write down some words you heard or could make sense of. You will have to do this for the English version as well later on.

347


e Does the poem make any sense in Strine? What do you think it is about?

f Which language characteristics occur in the Australian version?

– –

VA

N

g Does the poem make any sense in the English version? What is the poem about?

IN

6 Over to you: be a real Aussie!

aa r©

a Preparation: your teacher will give you a short text. Read it and make sure you understand everything.

ex em

pl

b Action: transform the text into real Australian English. First highlight as many English words as possible that you think you can ‘translate’ into Australian slang, and then rewrite the text here.

c Reflection: check your work by filling in the checklist. Finally read your Aussie text to a classmate. Use your best Australian accent. Can they guess what you are talking about? Checklist: my Australian English text

Yes

I think so No

jk

1 Content and structure • I transformed my English text into an Australian text by using Australian slang words.

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2 Language • I used correct (Australian) spelling and punctuation. • I checked the meaning or pronunciation of a word in an online dictionary when necessary. • I tried to pronounce it in Australian English.

348

Feedback

CHECK 1, see p. 374

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

writing


STEP 2 ⁄ What’s in a story? Analysing a story 1 ⁄ Identifying literary elements SPOKEN INTERACTION

a What do you like in a good story (or a narrative text)? b What do you not like in a story or narrative text?

N

c Give a few examples of stories you liked and didn’t like. Give reasons why.

IN

1 Discuss these questions.

aa r©

VA

2 Complete the mind map of at least 3 different elements that make up a good narrative text in your opinion. Give examples of each element. Then compare with a classmate.

NARRATIVE TEXT

ex em

pl

OTHER ELEMENTS

A The main problem that needs to be solved in the story.

2 conflict

B The feeling or the atmosphere that the writer of the story has put in the story.

3 mood

C When and where a story takes place.

4 narrator

D The main idea or the message of the story.

5 plot

E Who or what is telling the story to the reader.

6 setting

F Important events and actions in the story.

7 theme

G The feeling that the reader gets when reading the story.

8 tone

H People in the story. Often there is opposition: protagonists vs antagonists.

9 topic

I What the story is about in one or two words.

in

ki

jk

1 characters

1

2

3

4

5

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

6

7

8

9

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3 Link the literary elements below to the correct definition.

349


4 There are more literary elements, of course, than those listed in exercise 3. Read the sentences and choose the correct literary element they are referring to.

1

reading

The Lord of The Rings takes place in a land called MiddleEarth; located in the northwestern part of Middle-Earth is the Shire, the quiet and peaceful home of the Hobbits. time

2 In Harry Potter, Harry, Ron and Hermione are the most

N

important, heroic characters. antagonists narrators

In The Hunger Games, the main character Katniss says, ‘It doesn’t change anything. It doesn’t make things fair. It doesn’t fill our stomachs.’

aa r©

flash forward mood topic

In Twilight, Edward is a vampire who loves Bella. Edward wants to be close to Bella but is afraid he will hurt her.

pl

4

character’s appearance

occupation

6

character’s description

In the Hunt for the Wilderpeople, everybody is out to hunt Ricky and Hector, meanwhile we see the developing relationship between the two of them and how they deal with Bella’s death (Ricky’s foster mother).

ex em

5

character’s past history

topic

flashback

In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet meet at a party and fall in love. Their families hate each other. Romeo, Juliet and other characters’ actions result in a tragic ending to the story.

© Claudio Divizia / Shutterstock.com

3

VA

protagonists

jk

antagonists

flash forward

in

ki

topic

three hundred and fifty

350

7

© Anton Ivanov / Shutterstock.com

topic

© Wachiwit / Shutterstock.com

IN

place

In The Book Thief, the reader is guided by an original speaker, Death himself, who tells the main character’s story. protagonist

antagonist

narrator

5 Can you fill in the graphic organizer about story elements? Look up the necessary information on the internet. Choose from the words in the box. antagonist – characterization – climax – conflict – dynamic – exposition – falling action – flash forward – flashback – mood – protagonist – resolution – rising action – static – theme – tone – topic

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


Story elements Characters : main character

: ‘opponent’ of main

• Time: when the story takes place –

: a scene from the

IN

past is inserted into the present

character •

character: character

: a scene from the future is inserted into the present

who changes as a result of the story’s •

N

• Place: when the story takes place

action character: character

VA

who does not show much change in the story •

: how we get to know

aa r©

the characters, e.g. name, age, gender, occupation, appearance, talents, etc. Plot •

: what the story is about

– Central idea of the story

: the main problem in the

– Big idea about people, life, the world

story

pl

• Classic story elements:

ex em

Climax

Falling action

Rising action

Resolution

Exposition

: introduction to the story in which characters and setting are

: the action/tension in the story builds up

: point in the story where the action reaches its peak

: the action becomes less intense

: conclusion of the story

in

ki

Narrator

Mood and tone

• Who or what tells the story? There are

different points of view.

: the feeling that the reader gets when reading the story

: the feeling or the atmosphere that the writer of the story has put in the story

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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jk

presented

351


6 Try to derive the tone of a reading passage.

reading SPOKEN INTERACTION

a Pair up! Your teacher will give each of you a reading passage. b Read your passage. What tone is expressed? Indicate the descriptions that the writer uses to express that tone.

IN

c Discuss your passages. Do you agree? 7 Try to derive the mood of a reading passage.

reading

a Read the passage you will get. What is the mood, or the feeling that you as a reader get from each passage?

N

b Write down the words from the passage that are associated with this particular mood.

VA

Text 1

aa r©

c Form groups. Give your text to the person sitting to your right. They will also read the text and say what mood they derive from the passage.

Text 2

ex em

Text 3

pl

d Repeat until everyone has read each passage.

ki

jk

Text 4

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e Finally discuss each passage with your group.

352

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

SPOKEN INTERACTION


2 ⁄ Setting SPOKEN INTERACTION

1 Discuss these questions. a Where do you live? Do you like living there? Why (not)? b How would you describe your hometown?

IN

2 Listen to the song ‘One great city‘ by The Weakerthans and read the lyrics. Answer the questions below.

listening

N

a The title of the song is called ‘One great city’, to which city does it refer? Where is it located?

b What characters are in the song?

VA

– – –

aa r©

c Which explicit information do we get about the setting in the song?

ex em

pl

– Time:

– Place:

d There is information in the song that refers to the setting. Complete the table below about this. 1st paragraph

2nd paragraph

3rd paragraph

jk

Winnipeg Square

ki

A Canadian rockband

A statue on the dome of the Manitoba Legislative Building, symbolizing ‘enterprise and eternal youth’ A traditionally working-class, multicultural neighbourhood

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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A professional ice hockey team

353


One great city - The Weakerthans 1

Late afternoon, another day is nearly done A darker grey is breaking through a lighter one A thousand sharpened elbows in the underground And in the dollar store, the clerk is closing up

N

And counting loonies trying not to say

The driver checks the mirror seven minutes late The crowded riders’ restlessness enunciates 10

The Guess Who sucked, the Jets were lousy anyway And in the turning lane Someone’s stalled again He’s talking to himself

aa r©

The same route everyday

15

VA

I hate Winnipeg

© Paul Erik

5

IN

That hollow hurried sound, feet on polished floor

And hears the price of gas repeat his phrase

And up above us all

ex em

Leaning into sky

pl

I hate Winnipeg

Our golden business boy

20

Will watch the North End die And sing, ‘I love this town’

Then let his arcing wrecking ball proclaim

jk

I hate Winnipeg

ki

3 Now that you know a little bit about the time and place, what can you say about mood and tone? Answer the questions below.

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a What is the contrast between the title and the content of the song?

354

b What does the word ‘loonies’ mean in the following phrase: ‘And in the dollar store, the clerk is closing up and counting loonies’? Look it up if necessary!

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

reading


c Does the mood change throughout the song? If so, how? – 1st paragraph: – 2nd paragraph:

IN

– 3rd paragraph:

N

VA

Did you know?

Source: https://songmeanings.com

d What is the topic of this song?

aa r©

‘1000 sharpened elbows in the underground’ is a reference to the underground mall in Winnipeg called Winnipeg Square, but nicknamed ‘The underground’. This mall is directly underneath Winnipeg’s downtown and major office buildings. The vast majority of people who go to the underground are ambitious business people (therefore 1000 sharpened elbows).

pl

4 Give your opinion about this song. Make sure that you refer to at least one of the following: topic, setting, theme, tone of the song.

writing

ex em

I think this song is (choose 1 or 2 adjectives):

ambiguous – boring – emotional – funny – hopeful – intriguing – sad – other:

I chose these 2 adjectives because (give at least 1 reason)

jk

I would/would not recommend my friends to listen to this song because (give at least

I would/would not like to listen to other songs by this artist because (give at least 1 reason)

All in all, I give this song the following rating:

«««««

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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in

ki

1 reason)

355


5 Compare your description of your hometown to the one in the song. What are the differences and/or similarities?

writing

How would you describe your hometown (choose 1 or 2 adjectives):

N

I chose these 2 adjectives because (give at least 1 reason)

IN

boring – city-life – cosy – countryside – crowded – pleasant – other:

I would/would not recommend my friends to listen to this song because (give at least

VA

1 reason)

How would you describe Winnipeg (choose 1 or 2 adjectives)?

aa r©

boring – city-life – cosy – crowded – pleasant – countryside – other:

pl

I would/would not recommend my friends to visit Winnipeg because (give at least 1 reason)

ex em

What do your hometown and Winnipeg have in common? Choose from the following and provide a brief explanation. people: shops:

transport:

environment: other:

jk

What are the differences between your hometown and Winnipeg? Choose from the following and provide a brief explanation.

ki

people:

three hundred and fifty-six

in

shops:

356

transport: environment: other:

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


3 ⁄ Character 1 Here is the first chapter of Wild pork and watercress by Barry Crump.

reading

a Read the blurb. Highlight words you do not understand and look them up in a dictionary.

N

aa r©

Source: https://search.schlowlibrary.org

VA

When Ricky’s beloved Aunt Bella dies and Social Welfare threatens to put him into care, the overweight Maori boy and cantankerous Uncle Hec flee into the remote and rugged Ureweras. The impassable bush serves up perilous adventures, forcing the pair of misfits to use all their skills to survive hunger, wild pigs and the vicissitudes of the weather. Worse still are the authorities, determined to bring Ricky and Uncle Hec to justice. But despite the difficulties of life on the run, a bond of trust and love blossoms between the world-weary man and his withdrawn sidekick. This rattling good yarn has now been made into a major movie: Hunt For the Wilderpeople.

IN

WILD PORK AND WATERCRESS (BARRY CRUMP)

b Before getting into the characters explain the following words from the text. Word

Explanation

1 I was too inexperienced, they reckoned, and I might bring attention to them.

pl

2 The bloke was lying.

ex em

3 She always wore slacks and cardigans.

4 When Aunty Bella was angry, she would call you a scallywag. 5 Most of the family used to say he was a no-hoper, when they talked about him at all.

jk

6 He was a grouchy old codger and most of the kids were a bit scared of him.

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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7 You could tell where their place started by all the thistles and scrub everywhere.

357


20

25

IN

ex em

30

N

15

VA

10

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5

My proper name’s Richard Morehu Baker but they always call me Ricky. My mother was quarterMaori and I was born in 1974, years later and a lot darker skinned than my brother and sister, and don’t let anyone tell you that doesn’t make a difference. I always had trouble fitting in. People were always getting a surprise to find out I actually belonged in our family. I was also a bit overweight and not much good at sports and stuff like that. By the time I’d been at school for a few years I could read miles better than most of the other kids but I wasn’t much good at anything else, and they decided I was a slow learner. They shifted me around from class to class, trying to work out where fat Maori boys who can’t play rugby or learn simple stuff fitted in. I knew they had me all wrong, but there wasn’t much I could do about it. I’ve always been able to remember just about anything I want to and it’s easy for me to learn things. Too easy. I was worried about all the stuff that was going into my head, and they were shoving more in all the time. The wrong sort of stuff, too. I couldn’t forget a lot of it. I used to be scared my head was going to fill up till it couldn’t take any more and I’d suddenly go mad, or burst or something. So I took time off school, which I usually had to pay for with more trouble. But heads are only so big. Anyway, while all this was going on my parents got divorced and my mother took custody of me, mainly because nobody seemed to know exactly where my father was living. He was never allowed in the house when he’d been drinking, and he just did more and more drinking till he didn’t come home at all. Things got worse at home and school until in the end my mother couldn’t handle me. Looking back, I seem to have spent a lot of time standing in various offices while adults sat around deciding what was going to happen to me next. I soon found out that thin white difficult boys are easier to ‘do something with’ than overweight brown ones. When I was nine they stuck me in a kind of health camp, but I couldn’t stand it and got out of there as soon as I saw a chance. They caught up with me sneaking onto a bus to Wellington to stow away on a boat or plane to Australia, and I was carted off to a social welfare home for delinquent boys which was worse than the health camp and trickier to get out of. I had to spend three nights there before I could get away, but I made it home and decided to hang on there as long as possible. The social welfare people found out I was there and came round a few times, but they left me there. By this time my mother was getting ready to get married again. My stepfather to-be liked it better when I wasn’t around, but he did his best not to let on about it. My mother used to say that everything was going to be all right and we pretended along like that, but less than a year later I was back in a social welfare home for shoplifting a bag of potato chips. They locked us up in that place and I had a lot of trouble getting away. They found out I was back at home but they left me alone. I think my new stepfather might have stuck up for me that time. He was still trying to like me, and I was getting better at keeping my head down. The next time they picked me up I was riding a ten-speed bike I didn’t even know was supposed to be stolen. I ended up in the same place as before but they were watching me this time and it was nearly a month before I got a chance to get away. I was on the loose for seven weeks – joined up with a bunch of kids who were living in a burnt-out bus near Taupo. They didn’t really want me around, either. I was too inexperienced, they reckoned, and I might bring attention to them. We were living off what we could steal out of houses and cars and shops, so I don’t suppose I could blame them really. It didn’t last long, anyway. They busted in on us in the middle of the night and carted us all off to the police station, then after a long car ride in the early hours to a prison place, where they locked us up in cells. There was no way of getting out of there. Things were getting worse. This was actual prison. It turned out that I was too young to stay there, and after four days they got me in this office and told me I was being given one last chance to straighten myself up. I didn’t deserve it, the social welfare man reckoned, but if I agreed to cooperate my Uncle Hector and Aunt Bella Faulkner had offered to take me into fostership on a trial basis and wasn’t that wonderful of them. The bloke was lying. Uncle Hec would never have offered to take anyone like me in. He didn’t even like kids. It was another shove-around without me being consulted about it. But being in

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jail’s no joke either, so I said all right, and the next day I was delivered to Uncle Hec and Aunty Bella’s farm at the end of a windy stony road, eighty-seven kilometres from Gisborne. At this stage, I was twelve years and three weeks old. The Faulkners’ farm was up a valley beside a river called the Apopo, and everything about the place was old and falling to bits. You could tell where their place started by all the thistles and scrub everywhere. Their road fence was all overgrown with briar bushes and long grass and they had a rusty old drum on a post with their name on it near the front gate. Two muddy wheel tracks went curving up the hill to their rusty old blue car parked outside the house, which was surrounded by falling rails and a skimpy hedge, with weeds and long grass growing right up to the window-sills round one side and the back. On the other side was Aunty Bella’s vegetable garden. There was a path trodden in the grass between the gate and the back porch. The Apopo river was about a hundred metres from the house, and the old woolshed with its rusty corrugated iron and red-streaked mossy boards was out on the flat between. It was a skin shed, a toolshed, a workshop – it was the only other building on the place apart from the house and everything happened down there. Uncle Hec used to spend a lot of time sitting on a staple-box with a folded sack nailed onto it for padding, tipped back against the wall of the shed, looking up the valley. The river was quite a big one, stony and shingly and about twenty metres across at the crossings, with deep pools in between. Upstream Uncle Hec’s 140 acres went steeply up from the river flats, which were covered with clumps of blackberry and other scrub. Patches of grass were still quite numerous around the bottoms of the ridges, but higher up there was just manuka and gorse with streaks of new bush in the gullies. Beyond that dark ridges of native bush went right up to a broken blue range shaped like a train crash. It was real steep. From the shed you could see where little streams came falling down between the ridges to make Rough Creek, which ran into the Apopo up at the end of the ‘Property’. It was an interesting place all right. I’d been there a few times before this, visiting. Uncle Hec was usually taking it easy and Aunty Bella was usually very busy. Aunty Bella was my mother’s eldest sister and it was she who’d set up the taking me into fostership thing. I could tell by the way she called me a poor lamb and was inclined to do a bit too much hair-ruffling and cuddling and stuff. She was going to supervise me on correspondence school. Aunty Bella’s was the best place to be hungry I ever knew. I’ll tell you more about that later. She always wore slacks and cardigans and had her grey-black hair in a big clip at the back to keep it out of her way. When Aunty Bella was angry she’d call you a scallywag, whatever that was. It wasn’t as serious as Uncle Hec getting angry, that’s for sure. Uncle Hec was very old. Over fifty. He called himself a bushman but it was hard to tell exactly what that meant. Most of the family used to say he was a no hoper, when they talked about him at all. I’d picked up that he’d been in prison for ‘something disgraceful’ when he was young. Another time I’d heard that it was for fighting. He was a grouchy old codger and most of the kids were a bit scared of him. He was supposed to be real stubborn when it came to an argument. He’d had a difference of opinion with the electricity people a few years before and they’d cut the power off, so Uncle Hec told them to come and take their poles and wire off his place.

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Source: Barry Crump, Wild pork and watercress, p. 15-18

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2 Answer the following questions about the characters.

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a Who is the main character in the excerpt?

b Complete the table with information from the text.

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Characterization (protagonist) 1 Name of character

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2 Age of character

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3 Character’s appearance

5 Personal history

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6 Friends and family

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4 Talents and abilities

c Ricky has escaped Social Welfare several times, but what exactly is Social Welfare? Choose the correct option. services provided by the government or private organizations to help poor, ill, or old people services provided by the government or private organizations to educate youngsters

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services provided by the government or private organizations to improve employees their professional careers

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d Who are the other 2 characters in the excerpt? What did you learn about them? Complete the table. Characterization (protagonist) 1 Name of characters

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2 Age of character

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3 Character’s appearance

4 Talents and abilities

Uncle Hec: bushman, no-hoper

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6 Friends and family

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5 Personal history

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7 Character’s overall personality

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3 What did you learn about the setting from this excerpt?

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1 Time 2 Place

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3 Atmosphere

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4 Environment

SPOKEN INTERACTION

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4 Pair up! You will get a stack of cards with question words. Use the question word on the card to ask a question about the excerpt.

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CHECK 2, see p. 379

STEP 3 ⁄ Do you read me? Giving your opinion on a literary text

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1 Read the blurb on the book Ruby Red by Linzi Glass. Make a prediction about what kind of book this will be.

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RUBY RED (LINZI GLASS)

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In Ruby Winters’ world, colour opens some doors and slams others shut. Her opulent Johannesburg neighbourhood is a far cry from the streets of Soweto where anger and hatred simmer under the surface. Ruby can’t resist the blue-eyed Afrikaans boy who brings her the exciting rush of first love, but whose presence brings hushed whispers and disapproving glances. She might not see race, colour or creed but it seems everybody else does…

Source: https://www.goodreads.com

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

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2 Read the excerpt from the book Ruby Red and answer the questions.

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a Summarize in 1 or 2 sentences what the text is about.

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b What did you learn about the setting? Setting 1.1 Flashback

1.2 Flash forward

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2 Place

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1 Time

3 Mood: choose the most appropriate answer and explain your thinking.

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threatening cheerful

ominous fearful

hopeful other:

4 Environment and circumstances

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Explanation:

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I remember the first time I heard my mother mention Julian Mambasa. ‘His work is astounding. It cut right through me, made me almost gasp out aloud,’ she told Father and me after her first meeting with Julian. My mother owned one of the most well-known art galleries in Johannesburg. It was also one of the most controversial. The gallery carried the works of both the famous and infamous and the serene walls were hung with paintings of both the struggling and the successful. Talent, Mother always said, knew no boundaries. In the past Mother had helped starving artists with money and supplies, but she had been so appalled to learn that Julian painted in his dimly lit shanty in Soweto that it didn’t take much for her to convince Father to let him move his meagre supplies, broken easel and tattered paintbrushes to our guest house. On the first day that Julian arrived he was overwhelmed by what he saw. I had stood silently beside Mother, feeling surprisingly shy in front of Julian. Mother had not told me that he was barely in his twenties, which made him just a few years older than me. ‘Ruby,’ he had said when Mother had introduced us, ‘Madam Annabel, you did not tell me that you hide your most valued masterpiece at home.’ I had waited to hear him laugh at his joke but saw only warm dark eyes looking down at me. It was May 1976 and South Africa was at the height of apartheid, where the laws of segregation were strictly enforced. A harsh, unforgiving and hateful time when blacks and whites were forbidden to share the same public bench let alone share a meal together. It was on that crisp, cold day in May that my friendship with Julian Mambasa began. Ours was a bond that could not exist beyond the gates of our hilltop home in the affluent, white suburb of Westcliff. But friendship, much like talent, knows no boundaries. Julian arrived each morning on a bus marked in big black letters, NON-WHITES/NIE BLANKES, that dropped him off at the bottom of the hill on Jan Smuts Avenue. From here we would dodge his way through busy morning traffic, stopping briefly to buy a morning copy of the Rand Daily Mail newspaper from the young piccanin with the runny nose and tattered clothes that were two sizes too big for him. ‘I am a lucky one. Lucky to have met such a good woman as your mother,’ Julian told me as he set up his new easel to begin his day’s work of painting and sketching in the quiet of a clean bright studio. Julian’s favourite book was Harold and the Purple Crayon. He explained it all to me during one of our many afternoons together in the crisp white studio where he painted or sketched in charcoal. Julian was seven when he decided that he would become an artist, like Harold with his crayon, and draw himself out of poverty in their filthy suburb, Naledi, and out of the township of Soweto. At first he drew pictures of black faces sitting in shiny, fancy cars. A handsome father at the wheel and the children all in their finest clothes. Everyone was smiling. In another picture he even parked a car in front of a two-storied house set on rolling lawns and wrote at the top, ‘This house belongs to the Mambasa family’. ‘But when my mother found those pictures that I had proudly taped to our shanty wall she ripped them down, tore them into a hundred pieces and whipped me with the long, hard handle of a broom, yelling that I was never to draw such terrible things again.’ ‘Why was your mother so upset? I don’t understand,’ I said, shocked at what his mother had done to him for simply drawing. Julian put his sketchpad down and came towards me. I was five foot six inches in stockinged feet but Julian was a towering six foot three. Dark, gleaming brow, warm, oval eye and large, square hands that moved ever so gracefully like the wings of an eagle, stretching and reaching into the open air when he wanted to make a particular point take flight. ‘Me also, Ruby, me too. I didn’t understand then, but when I was done crying she rubbed a warm cloth on my stinging legs and told me that – Hai! – we could be arrested and put in jail for having such pictures in our home. That drawing black people like us living like white people was wrong and not allowed.’ Julian dug his hands into his paint-smeared overall pockets. He looked deeply at me before he spoke again. He smelled of old, worn leather and sweet musk.

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‘I never draw like that again, but, me, I keep sketching whenever I can, then painting. When my schoolteachers at Orlando West High see I have talent, they get me an old easel and some used oil paints. My mother, she was proud when I won the most-promising-artist award when I was fourteen, but she always check to make sure I am not painting anything that might get our family in trouble.’ Julian turned to look at a large charcoal drawing he had finished only a few days before that still sat on an easel. ‘You are only one child, Ruby, but me, there were six of us living in two rooms, well seven really, but my father, he get home from the mines so late and leave so very early.’ Julian sighed softly. ‘It was like he was not even there.’ The picture was of an iron bed raised high on bricks, a single bed, but somehow Julian had managed to draw five sets of large sad eyes, attached to five long and scrawny bodies that were somehow all squeezed on to its tiny mattress, limbs across limbs, gangly feet flopping over the sides. ‘Is it your…?’ ‘Yes. Me and my brothers and sisters,’ he said. ‘That is how we slept. But you cannot feel cold. Hear the pipes hissing and leaking. A painting cannot give you that.’ He sat down again at his easel and faced the painting, then he reached his hand out and gently traced the faces of the children in the picture. ‘This is what white people want to see. Not happy black people in fancy cars.’ ‘You should be able to paint whatever you want. Surely?’ ‘No, it is not so. At least for now. Now I paint my people’s pain. I must pretend, you see, that nothing will ever change for us.’ When Julian spoke these words it was as if he had climbed inside my very soul. Pretending was something that had become a part of me. No one at school could possibly know that I spent a great deal of time creating the appearance that I was like everyone else, that my life was normal in every way. I knew I would be shunned and an outcast if my fellow schoolmates found out that blacks were people I actually spoke to and not just when I wanted extra mashed potato or lemonade served to me. In truth, my parents were probably some of the only whites in South Africa who did not have black servants living on our property and meeting our every need. You did not have to be rich to have a black nanny who worked six days a week and late into the nights before collapsing exhausted in her small ill-lit room on the family grounds. Thirty rand a month and food bought you her loyalty. My parents did not believe in having servants. Black people sat at our dining-room table as guests and ate dinner with us while Mother and I cleared affluent: rich their plates away at the end of the meal. limb: arm or leg To make certain that I appeared to be ‘normal’, I worked hard and got scrawny: very thin straight As. I was a school prefect and popular with loads of friends shanty: hut or cabin and a drawer full of ribbons from winning athletic events. But my stockinged feet: without shoes shameful truth was that I, Ruby Winters, felt like a fraud and it was tattered: old, in poor condition just a matter of time before I was found out.

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Cultural background Apartheid is an Afrikaans word that means ‘separation’. It was a former political and social system in South Africa (1948-1994), in which only white people had full political rights and people of other races, especially black people, were forced to go to separate schools, live in separate areas, etc. This form of racial segregation officially came to an end with the elections of 1994 when the ANC won the election and Nelson Mandela became president of South Africa.

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Adapted from: Linzi Glass, Ruby Red, p. 6-13

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3 After reading the entire excerpt, answer the following questions:

reading

a What theme do you think is very important in this book?

IN

b How does Julian suffer from Apartheid in the excerpt? Give 2 examples.

N

c How does Ruby feel about Apartheid?

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d Do Ruby’s parents agree with her? Explain your answer by giving some proof from the excerpt.

4 Based on your analysis of the setting and the theme of the text, give your opinion.

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a Preparation: read the information in the Strategy in the Summary on p. 368 on how to give your opinion on a literary text.

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b Action: write at least 75 words in which you express your opinion about the excerpt from Ruby Red. Use the writing frame (if necessary). Based on the excerpt from/about

I just read, I think this

book will be (choose 1 or 2 adjectives): ambiguous – boring – emotional – funny – hopeful – intriguing – sad – other:

If I read the entire book, I would like to have an answer to the following questions:

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I chose these 2 adjectives because (by referring to at least 2 story elements)

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I think the story will go as follows (refer to at least 2 story elements):

All in all, I give this excerpt the following rating:

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«««««

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I would/would not like to read the entire book because (give at least 1 reason):

IN

I would/would not recommend my friends to read this book because (give at least 1 reason):

c Reflection: check your sentences by filling in the checklist. Read your sentences to a partner. Checklist: giving your opinion on a literary text

Yes

I think so

No

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1 Content and structure • I mentioned who or what the extract was about. • I gave my opinion (minimum 2 adjectives). • I justified my opinion by referring to some literary elements (minimum 2). • I mentioned 3 questions I would like to be answered after reading the whole book. • I mentioned how I think the book will continue. • I mentioned if I would/would not like to read the whole book. • I mentioned if I would/would not recommend reading the book. • I rated the extract.

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2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct (and varied) vocabulary. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

CHECK 3, see p. 387

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Feedback

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HOW TO give your opinion on a literary text Before writing 1

IN

STRATEGY

SUMMARY

Read the text or watch the film

Characters Plot Setting

• •

Theme Mood and tone

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• • •

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Identify the story elements

N

• Book: use sticky notes to mark important chapters or paragraphs. • Film: make a note of the important scenes.

Determine your overall opinion

Do you like the text/film? Why (not)?

2 While writing

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Introduce the text/topic

ex em

• Introduce the topic of the book/film. • Introduce the title and author of the book (or the director and main actors of the film). • Briefly describe main characters, setting and topic. e.g. Ruby Red is a 2007 young adult novel written by Linzi Glass. The book is about the teenage girl Ruby Winters who lives in Soweto, South Africa during the Apartheid regime.

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Formulate your opinion

368

• Start with a general impression. • Use some meaningful adjectives. e.g. I think the book/the film was interesting, boring, captivating, breathtaking, exhilarating, etc. for several reasons.

Refer to the story elements • Pay attention to the structure of your text. • Explain your opinion by referring to some literary elements. • Try to be specific and refer to concrete examples. e.g. The main character was/wasn’t developed enough. For example, … The setting was/wasn’t clear enough. Or: I liked/didn’t like the time period. The theme was/wasn’t specific enough. Or: I was/wasn’t interested in the theme. I thought the tone/mood was…

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


Write a conclusion • Only read/saw an extract? Ask a few questions about the rest of the book/film.

• Read/saw the whole book/film?

IN

e.g. Will the main character resolve all of their problems? What will happen to…? Mention if you would/would not recommend reading the book/watching the film. e.g. I would/would not recommend this book/film because… e.g. This book/film is ideal for…

N

• Say who would be interested in this type of text/film.

• Conclude your text with a brief summary of your opinion.

VA

e.g. I feel…/I think…/I believe that…

• Optionally: rate the text by giving a score/stars from 1-5.

3

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After writing Edit

Avoid mistakes: reread your text.

Evaluate your writing

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• How can I improve? • What went well?

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IN

Thanks for the invite, mate, beats going to Maccas. Here’s a prezzie for you and Shazza.

G’day mate! Lovely day for a barbie! Grab yourself a bevvy.

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N

CULTURAL BACKGROUND

Australian English

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1 Characteristics of Australian English

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There are many different varieties of the English language, each with its unique vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation, etc. One such example is Australian English. Here are some of its most recognizable characteristics: Pronunciation

– The vowel sounds can change dramatically: e.g. today à to die. – The intonation at the end of sentences often makes statements sound like questions. – The ‘r’ is often not pronounced. Vocabulary and spelling

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– Some of the words blend together: e.g. ’s arvo (this afternoon) – A lot of consonants are cut and eliminated: e.g. brekky (breakfast) Words are shortened and end in -o

Words are shortened and end in -ie

– ’s goin on = what is going on – Maccas = McDonald’s

– arvo = afternoon – servo = petrol/ service station – ambo = ambulance

– – – –

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Words are shortened or abbreviated

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Words are shortened and end in -za (people’s names)

Chrissy = Christmas – Bazza = Barry present = prezzie – Shazza = Sharon barbie = barbeque – Lozza = Lauren bevvy = beverage

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


1 Word list Translation

an ambo

an ambulance

een ziekenwagen, ambulance

an arvo

an afternoon

een namiddag

’s arvo

this afternoon

deze namiddag

a barbie

a barbecue

een barbecue

a bevvy

a beverage/drink

een drankje

a biscuit

een koekje

a bottle-o

an off-licence/ a liquor store

een drankenwinkel

a bowlo

a bowling alley

een bowlingclub

a brekky

a breakfast

een ontbijt

budgie smugglers

speedos, swimming costume

een zwembroek

a bum bag

a bum bag (UK)/ a fanny pack (US)

een heuptas

Chrissy

Christmas

Kerstmis

police a swimsuit

din dins

dinner

a drongo

an idiot

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coppers cozies

VA

a biccy

a cigarette

fairy floss

candy floss (UK)/ cotton candy (US)

politie

een zwembroek avondeten

een idioot, gek

een sigaret suikerspin

fam

family

familie

footy

football

rugby

grog

liquor/alcohol

drank

a lappy

a laptop

een laptop

Maccas

McDonald’s

McDonald’s

a mosquito

een mug

a present

een cadeau

a rego

a registration

een registratie

a schnitty

a schnitzel

een schnitzel

a servo

a petrol/service station

een tankstation

a sicky

a sick day off work

een snipperdag

a smoko

a cigarette break/ a coffee break

een (rook)pauze, koffiepauze

soapies

soaps

een soap

sunnies

sunglasses

een zonnebril

jk

a mozzie

a prezzie

a telly

a television

een tv

thong

flip flops

slippers

tracky dacks

sweatpants

een trainingsbroek

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My notes

IN

Formal English

N

Australian English

371


HOW TO analyse a story

(Identifying story elements)

There are several elements that can make up a good (fictional) text. This text can be a written text, such as a novel, but also a spoken text, such as a film.

IN

1 Characters

VA

N

Characterization is how we get to know the characters, e.g. name, age, occupation, appearance, talents, etc. There are main characters and secondary or supporting characters in a story. Often we also make a distinction between: – protagonist: main character; – antagonist: ‘opponent’ of main character; – dynamic character: character who changes as a result of the story’s action; – static character: character who does not show much change in the story.

2 Narrator

3 Plot, topic, theme

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The narrator is who or what tells the story. There are different points of view a narrator can take (e.g. first person point of view). – Sometimes the narrator is also a (main) character in the book, but sometimes that is not the case. – Sometimes the narrator has the same information as the characters in the book, but sometimes the narrator knows a lot more than the characters.

pl

The plot of a story is the narrative of events: the order in which things happen. The classic story arc consists of the following elements:

ex em

Climax

Falling action

Rising action

Resolution

Exposition

Exposition: introduction to the story in which characters and setting are presented Rising action: the action/tension in the story builds up Climax: point in the story where the action reaches its peak Falling action: the action becomes less intense Resolution: conclusion of the story

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– – – – –

372

If you want to analyse a story, it is also important to think about the following elements: – Topic: what the story is about, e.g. justice, love. – Theme: the central idea of the story = the big idea about people, life, the world e.g. Actions have consequences, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. – Conflict: the main problem in the story e.g. In Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, there is a conflict between the ‘good’ (Harry Potter) and ‘the bad’ (Voldemort). But in the whole series there is also an internal conflict for Harry: he has to discover who he really is.

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4 Setting

IN

Setting is the time and place (or when and where) of the story. – Time = when the story takes place. • Flashback: a scene from the past is inserted into the present. • Flash forward: a scene from the future is inserted into the present. – Place = when the story takes place.

5 Mood and tone

My notes

antagonist

tegenspeler, meestal de vijand of slechterik

characterization

karakteriseren, het beschrijven van een personage

characters

personages

conflict

conflict, een uitdaging waarvoor het hoofdpersonage wordt gesteld doorheen het verhaal

dynamic character

dynamisch of veranderend karakter/personage

flash forward

flash forward, een blik in de (verre) toekomst van een verhaal

VA

Translation

ex em

pl

aa r©

Word

N

Mood and tone both deal with the emotions of a piece of writing but there is an important difference: – Mood = the feeling that the reader gets when reading the story. – Tone = the feeling or the atmosphere that the writer of the story has put in the story.

flashback, een gebeurtenis uit het verleden wordt verteld

main character

hoofdpersonage

mood

stemming, het gevoel dat de lezer krijgt bij het lezen van het verhaal

narrator

verteller

plot

plot, verhaallijn

protagonist

setting

setting; waar, wanneer en onder welke omstandigheden de gebeurtenissen in een verhaal plaatsvinden

static character

statisch karakter/personage

theme

thema

tone

toon, de houding van de auteur ten opzichte van het onderwerp, karakters of de gebeurtenissen in een verhaal

topic

onderwerp

ki

in

hoofdpersonage, meestal de held

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and seventy-three #

jk

flashback

373


ON DIFFERENT TRACKS CHECK 1 ⁄ Discussing English-speaking countries writing

IN

1 Write a short text in which you use some Australian English words. a Preparation: think about what you are going to write about (e.g. food, transport, clothing, or people) and list the Australian slang words that you’d need (e.g. chewie, servo, budgie smugglers and postie). If necessary, search the internet for inspiration.

pl

aa r©

VA

N

b Action: write a short text (at least 25 words or a minimum of 5 sentences) in which you use Australian slang words. Afterwards try to pronounce your sentences in your best Australian accent and have your partner guess what you are talking about.

ex em

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Checklist: writing a text with Australian slang

Yes

I think so

No

1 Content and structure • I wrote at least 25 words or a minimum of 5 sentences with Australian slang. • I used at least 3 different aspects of Australian English in my text.

three hundred and seventy-four

in

ki

jk

2 Language • I used correct grammar. • I used correct (Australian) spelling and punctuation. • I checked the meaning or pronunciation of a word in an online dictionary if necessary. • I tried to pronounce it in Australian English.

374

Feedback

Score

<6

6–8

>8

Next exercise

ex. 3

ex. 2

ex. 5

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


2 Read the following story and highlight the Australian slang words. Afterwards try to explain the meaning of these words. Tip: in total there are 27 different slang words.

reading

IN

My mate Paolo invited me around to his house yesterday arvo for a quick cuppa. Paolo isn’t from Straya, but he loves a good cuppa. I said to him, ‘mate, can we just go to Macca’s? I really feel like a burger.’ On the way to Macca’s, we had to stop at the servo for some petty. After filling up at the servo, I put on the radio. Accadacca was playing.

N

I was really excited about the song and started driving too fast. I must have been speeding because a coppa pulled me over. The coppa asked ‘Have you been drinking?’ I replied, ‘nah, mate, I’m a tradie. I just finished work.’ He replied, ‘Are you sure you haven’t had a tinny?’ I shook my head, ‘I might have one later when I watch the footy game.’

VA

On the way to Macca’s we invited some more friends. One was a cabbie, another was a postie and the other two worked as a brickie and a firey. Paolo sometimes works as a muso down at the local pub. He’s also a part-time garbo.

aa r©

We finally arrived at Macca’s. I ordered a burger and fries and Paolo ordered chicken nuggets and a choccy biccy. They had free Wi-Fi there, so we used our lappys and went onto Facey. It turns out that our mate got a new job as an ambo driver! We were defo excited about that! After a while on Facey, we started looking for some good Chrissy prezzies for our friends. We found the perfect prezzie, but when we tried to order it we found out that there weren’t any left. Devo!

pl

Source: www.fluentu.com

Word in Australian English

ex em

1

Explanation

2 3 4 5 6

jk

7 8

ki

9

11 12 13 14 15 16

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and seventy-five

in

10

375


17 18 19 20

IN

21 22 23 24

N

25 < 22

≥ 22

Next exercise

ex. 3

Check 2, p. 379

VA

Score

3 Link a word from column A to its Australian slang word in column B. B

aa r©

A A afternoon

1 ta

B barbecue

2 tea

C candy

3 veggies

D to complain

4 to whinge 5 chocker

pl

E dinner F expensive

6 jumper

G friend

7 arvo 8 exy

ex em

H hello

9 barbie

J mosquito

10 mate

K sunglasses

11 telly

L sweater

12 sunnies

M swimsuit

13 mozzie

N thank you

14 G’Day

O vegetables

15 lollies

P very full

16 togs

ki

jk

I tv

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

three hundred and seventy-six

in

A

376

Score Next exercise

< 12

≥ 12 Check 2, p. 379

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


4 Listen to and watch the following clip. Afterwards try to derive the meaning from the words in bold. Use an online dictionary if necessary.

WATCHING

1 I am going to the loo.

3 Hey, did you wanna stop by Maccas this arvo on the way to the barbie?

IN

2 There are some bickies on the bench if you want some.

aa r©

5 I have to go to Big Dub to pick up some new cozzies.

VA

N

4 Don’t worry, it’s my shout because my mate works there so I get mate rates.

6 On Wednesday I chucked a sickie ‘cause I was so knackered.

7 Mum found out and she spat the dummy, she was ropeable.

ex em

9 I hate these mozzies.

pl

8 I’ll put them in the esky.

10 They got in my trackers.

11 That is what you get when you are in the middle of woop woop.

ki

jk

12 Do you guys want fairy floss or fairy bread?

14 Could you quickly grab the brolly from the boot?

Score Next exercise

< 10

≥ 10 Check 2, p. 379

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and seventy-seven

in

13 No, I’m chockers.

377


5 Try to pronounce the following sentences, which are written in ‘Strine’, in your best Australian accent and ‘translate’ them into more formal English.

speaking

1 Dja getny b’tydas fer dinner t’noite, maam? – Air Aw did.

IN

2 Cown! We ’evn’ god ool dye!

VA

N

3 Doosa fiver, mite, wea?

aa r©

4 G’dye Spawt, hey gaan?

pl

5 Thirdy dies hes S’ptember, Ypril, June en’ November. Oola rest ‘ev thirdy one. Cep’ Febry witches twenny ite en’ twinny noine onna leap year.

Source: https://perdamanglobalservices.com.au

D

Next exercise

ex. 4

C

Check 2, p. 379

three hundred and seventy-eight

in

ki

jk

ex em Score

378

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


CHECK 2 ⁄ Analysing a story 1 Watch the trailer of Spud, a South African film, and answer the questions.

WATCHING

N

aa r©

a Why does the protagonist feel nauseous?

VA

It’s South Africa 1990. Apartheid is crumbling. Nelson Mandela is about to be released. Thirteen-year-old Spud Milton is about to start his first year at an elite boys-only boarding school. Spud has his hands full trying to adapt to his new home, surrounded by names such as Gecko, Rambo, Rain Man and Mad Dog. Armed with only his wits and his diary, Spud takes us on an adventure and invites us into the mind of a boy struggling to come to terms with a strange new world; a boy whose eyes are being opened to love, friendship and complete insanity.

IN

SPUD

b What does the trailer tell you about the main character?

Age

ex em

Looks

pl

Name

Character evolution

jk

ki

c Why is his nickname ‘Spud’? What does it mean?

d What do you know about the setting?

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and seventy-nine

in

379


IN

e Why does the teacher call them ‘meerkats’? What are ‘meerkats’?

<7

≥7

Next exercise

ex. 2

ex. 4

2 Combine the literary term with the correct explanation. DEFINITION

1 setting

A one who tells the story, the point of view

2 plot

B the underlying or stated main idea of a story, central message, ‘moral of the story’, and underlying meaning of a fictional piece; the message the author wants us to understand

3 mood

C the feeling or the atmosphere that the writer of the story has put in the story

4 theme

D the main character of the story; all major events are important to this character

5 topic

E the major problem in the story

6 protagonist

F the feeling that the reader gets when reading the story

7 conflict

G the point of highest tension in a story

8 tone

H the issue, idea, or question the text is about

9 climax

I the sequence of events

10 narrator

J when and where a story takes place

ex em

pl

aa r©

TERM

2

jk

1

ki

Score

Next exercise

in

VA

Score

N

f What is the theme of the film?

3

<7

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

≥7 ex. 3

3 After watching the trailer of Spud in exercise 1, what do you think will happen?

three hundred and eighty

380

a Preparation: think of at least 2 plot events that could happen to Spud in the film. Be creative!

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

writing


b Action: write 75-100 words. In your text, make sure to: – answer all the WH-questions;

aa r©

VA

N

IN

– include information about plot, character, setting and mood or tone.

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Give your text to the teacher who will give you some feedback. Checklist: expectations Spud

Yes

I think so

No

ex em

pl

1 Content and structure • I wrote 75-100 words. • I wrote about at least 2 plot events. • I answered all the WH-questions in my text. • There is information about plot, character, setting and mood or tone in my text. 2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct (and varied) vocabulary. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

ki

Score

<7

in

Next exercise

≥7 Check 3, p. 387

4 Analyse an excerpt from Spud. a How is the text written?

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

reading

three hundred and eighty-one

jk

Feedback

381


b Explain the following idioms used in the text: 1 He blew his nose like a foghorn.

N

c Why does Spud have to rewrite Mad Dog’s apology letter?

Thursday 20th January

aa r©

1

/5

VA

d What is wrong with Mad Dog’s apology letter?

Total:

IN

2 He seemed blown away with it.

08:45 Had our first history lesson with Mr. Crispo. He is wickedly old – Simon reckons he may be ninety. He told us he fought in North Africa during the Second World War. This term we are studying the Anglo-Zulu wars of 1878-9 but instead Crispo showed us an old Second World War video on Dunkirk. Halfway through he blew his nose like a foghorn and then shook his head and muttered something to himself. At the end of the video he switched off the television and let us go five minutes early. From where I was sitting I cloud see his eyes were full of tears.

ex em

5

pl

08:00 Mad Dog is still with us. Glockenshpeel has given him a severe warning and he has been ordered to write a letter of apology to Gecko’s parents.

10

14:30 Cricket Trials. Although I was the best cricketer at my primary school (not that difficult considering most of the school was girls), I felt very nervous about my first go at high school cricket. The under 14 cricket coach is The Guv (much to my delight)? He stalked around with his pipe and a shooting stick, making crazy comments like, ‘Greenstein, that forward defensive is about ad porous as whore’s drawers!’ Simon is an excellent cricketer and he smashed my first legspin delivery out of the nets and onto a nearby field. To my horror I realised that the ball had come to rest in the middle of the first time practice session. The cricket gods all stopped and glared at me as I picked up my ball. I just about managed to squeak out an apology and then tore back the nets. Mad Dog is a fearsome bowler (fast and wild). He nearly killed Vern with a vicious bouncing delivery that reared up at my terrible cubicle mate. Rambo charges in to bowl with real aggression and savagery but lets the ball go rather slowly. The Guv told him he should take the fridge off his back, which made us all laugh. Rambo glared at me and my laughter fizzled out instantly. (This school is turning me into a coward.) At the end of the practice the Guv told us we were the crappest bunch of cricketers he’d seen in years. The first match is at the weekend and the side will be announced on Friday. Holding thumbs.

ki

jk

15

three hundred and eighty-two

in

20

382

25

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


18:30 Prep (two-hour nightly homework session) was interrupted by Fatty’s farting, which led to a complete classroom evacuation. Fatty pleaded that the beef stroganoff was off, and the terrible smell was not his fault. Bert was so livid that he ordered Fatty to shut up and then beat him savagely on the fingers with a blackboard duster. Tis form of torture is called ‘finger-tongs’. Mad Dog handed me a first draft of his apology letter to Gecko’s parents. He reckons that because I won the scholarship I was the ideal person to check his effort. Here follows the original:

30

IN

35

VA

N

40

Dear Mister and Missis Geko I am sorry about what happend to yor son Gecko. I broke his arm buy mistake with a wiked crash tackle. It’s not my folt Gecko is bilt like a twig but I’m sorry for Mongreling his twig (his arm) Sinserily Mad dog 21:15 I rejected Mad Dog’s first draft and we composed a new draft together. (Mad Dog held the torch, I did the composing.)

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Barker I wanted to take this opportunity to profusely apologise for accidentally breaking your son’s arm. However, in spite of the damage and pain that our friend Henry has gone through I am still convinced that I saved him from further, and possibly life threatening, injuries. It is my belief that Henry panicked in possession of the rugby ball and sprinted towards the pool in a blind panic. I brought him down, metres short of deadly danger, unfortunately causing him some pain in the process. Once again I apologise. Yours sincerely Charlie Hooper PS If Henry is there, tell him to get back quick – school just isn’t the same without him.

50

aa r©

45

pl

55

ex em

Mad Dog was wickedly impressed with the new version. He especially liked the pool bit and how it sounded like he’d saved Gecko’s life. He wasn’t sure about the PS because it’s common knowledge that Gecko’s in the sanatorium and not at home. I told Mad Dog that this was a perfect example of emotional blackmail. He seemed blown away with this and vowed to call me ‘Brains’ from now on. To ‘as porous as a whore’s drawers’: this refers to the repay the debt, he invited me on a pigeon underwear of a prostitute, which supposedly also had a lot hunt at 05:00. When I declined he looked dangerous, so I told him that I loved eating of holes in them. ‘Drawers’ is an old-fashioned term for pigeons but that I’m getting a sore throat. On underwear. his way to bed Mad Dog poured a glass of livid: very angry water over Vern’s sheet and then woke up the profusely: very much dormitory who all sneered and mocked poor to sneer: laugh at Vern while he changed his bedding again. I ‘take the fridge off his back’: often used in sports when remained silent and then felt guilty for hours you are not fast enough, or, when you have to lose weight for being a coward and not standing up for my cubicle mate.

60

in

70

Source: John van de Ruit, Spud

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and eighty-three

ki

jk

65

383


writing

e Write a short analysis of the extract you read. – Preparation: think about important things in the extract that give you information about plot, setting, topic and/or theme, character and mood/tone. Highlight this in the text and complete the table below. Characters

Main characters

VA

N

IN

Mad Dog:

aa r©

Narrator:

ex em

pl

Other characters (name at least 2):

three hundred and eighty-four

in

ki

jk

Plot events

384

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


Setting

Topic

IN

Theme

N

Mood

VA

Tone

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and eighty-five

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

aa r©

– Action: write a short text of about 75-100 words in which you answer all the WH-questions and discuss the different story elements. Refer to at least 2 plot events.

385


– Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Give your text to the teacher who will give you some feedback. Checklist: analysing a story (Spud)

Yes

I think so

No

1 Preparation • I completed the reading chart.

Score

N

≥ 14

Check 3, p. 387

three hundred and eighty-six

in

ki

jk

ex em

Next exercise

< 14

pl

Total:      / 15

aa r©

Feedback

VA

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct (and varied) vocabulary. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

IN

2 Content and structure • I wrote 75-100 words. • I wrote about at least 2 plot events. • I used paragraphs in my text. • I answered all the WH-questions in my text. • There is information about plot, character, setting, theme and mood or tone in my text.

386

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


CHECK 3 ⁄ Giving your opinion on a literary text 1 Give your opinion about the trailer of a Netflix series. a Preparation: watch the trailer and complete the table below with the necessary information. Key information

IN

Story elements

WATCHING

VA

N

Characters

aa r©

Plot (Name at least 2 events.)

Setting

ex em

Theme

pl

Topic

Mood

jk

Tone

b Action: based on the information from the trailer, give your opinion. Write about 75-100 words. In your text:

writing

ki

– Clearly give your opinion. – Ask 3 questions you would like to be answered at the end of the series. – Mention how you think it will end. – Mention whether you would like to see the entire series (if you have already seen it, clearly give your opinion about what you liked/didn’t like). – State whether you would recommend this series. – Give the trailer a rating.

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and eighty-seven

in

– Refer to at least 2 story elements.

387


IN N VA

«««««

aa r©

All in all, I give the trailer the following rating:

c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Give your text to the teacher who will give you some feedback. Checklist: giving your opinion

Yes

I think so

No

ex em

pl

1 Content and structure • I mentioned who or what the trailer was about. • I gave my opinion (minimum 2 adjectives). • I motivated my opinion by referring to some literary elements (minimum 2). • I mentioned 3 questions I would like to be answered after watching the entire series. • I mentioned how I think the series will end. • I mentioned if I would/would not like to watch the entire film/series. • I mentioned if I would/would not recommend watching the film/series. • I rated the trailer.

ki

jk

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct (and varied) vocabulary. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

three hundred and eighty-eight

in

Feedback

388

Score

< 14

≥ 14

Next exercise

ex. 2

All done!

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


writing

2 You will write your opinion about a graphic novel extract using a writing frame. a Preparation: read the excerpt from Mariko & Jillian Tamaki’s graphic novel, This one summer. b Action: give your opinion about the extract by completing this writing frame.

I just read, I think this book will be (choose 1 or 2 adjectives):

VA

I chose these 2 adjectives because (refer to at least 2 story elements)

N

ambiguous – boring – emotional – funny – hopeful – intriguing – sad – other:

IN

Based on the excerpt from/about

aa r©

If I read the entire book, I would like to have an answer to the following questions:

pl

I think the story will go as follows (refer to at least 2 story elements):

ex em

I would/would not recommend my friends to read this book because (give at least 1 reason)

I would/would not like to read the entire book because (give at least 1 reason)

All in all, I give this excerpt the following rating:

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and eighty-nine

in

ki

jk

«««««

389


c Reflection: check your text by filling in the checklist. Give your text to the teacher who will give you some feedback.

aa r©

2 Language • I used correct basic grammar. • I used correct (and varied) vocabulary. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

No

VA

1 Content and structure • I mentioned who or what the extract was about. • I gave my opinion (minimum of 2 adjectives). • I explained my opinion by referring to some literary elements (minimum of 2). • I mentioned 3 questions I would like to be answered after reading the whole book. • I mentioned how I think the book will end. • I mentioned if I would/would not like to read the entire book. • I mentioned if I would/would not recommend the book. • I rated the extract.

I think so

IN

Yes

N

Checklist: giving your opinion

Feedback

C

Next exercise

All done!

in

ki

jk

ex em

pl

Score

three hundred and ninety

390

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


CHECK OUT APPRECIATING (LITERARY) ART ORIENTATION

IN

You are going to listen to 2 songs, watch their video clips and read a text by a Canadian or Australian artist. You will have to give your opinion about these literary works and make a detailed analysis of them. Before you start, have a look at the checklist in the Reflection.

N

PREPARATION

ACTION 2

Listen to the following 2 songs and do the tasks below.

VA

1 Make sure you are prepared: keep an open mind while listening to and watching the songs and reading the lyrics.

WATCHING

b What countries are they from?

aa r©

a Look up the name of the artists who wrote and/or performed both songs.

c Watch the video and read the lyrics of both songs. Answer the questions you will get.

– the atmosphere;

ex em

– the melody;

pl

d Based on your listening and reading, choose the song you prefer. Make sure that you give good reasons based on your analysis of the songs. This means you have to refer to at least 2 of the following: – the lyrics;

– the feelings the song conveys.

The song I prefer the most is personal answer

jk

I chose this song because (give at least 2 reasons)

ki

I would/would not recommend my friends to listen to this song because (give at least

I would/would not like to listen to other songs of this artist because (give at least 1 reason)

All in all, I give this song the following rating:

««««« UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

three hundred and ninety-one

in

1 reason)

391


3 Based on the song you chose in exercise 2, you will get a text. Read the text and answer the analysis questions first.

reading

4 Based on your analysis, give your opinion on the excerpt.

writing

IN

a Make sure that you refer to a least 2 of the following literary elements: – plot; – setting; – theme; – character; – mood.

N

b Give reasons for your opinion. c Ask questions you would like to see answered if you read the whole book.

REFLECTION

aa r©

e Write about 100 words. Use a separate piece of paper.

VA

d Mention whether you would read the whole book and why (not) and whether you would recommend this to anyone.

5 Check your sentences by filling in the checklist. Read your sentences to a partner. Checklist: giving your opinion on a literary text

Yes I think so

No

ex em

pl

1 Content and structure • I mentioned who or what the extract was about. • I mentioned my opinion (minimum of 2 adjectives). • I explained my opinion by referring to some literary elements (minimum of 2). • I mentioned 3 questions I would like to be answered after reading the whole book. • I mentioned how the book will end (by referring to at least 2 story elements). • I mentioned if I would/would not like to read the whole book. • I mentioned if I would/would not recommend reading the book. • I rated the extract.

jk

2 Language • I used correct and varied vocabulary. • I checked my grammar and sentence structure. • I used correct spelling and punctuation.

three hundred and ninety-two

in

ki

Feedback

392

Trace your steps on diddit.

UNIT 6: DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER


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