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Vol. X No.3


Featured home

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

IS THE SANTA CRUZ RIVER LEVEL DROPPING? by Kathleen Vandervoet

A

long with mountain ranges, the existence of the Santa Cruz River plays an extremely key role in the natural beauty of Tubac and Rio Rico. If the river was to dry out and disappear, the impact would be staggering.

Green-hued views would change, and trees and bushes, the habitat for native and migrating birds, along with many animals, would mainly vanish.

Historically, the river water came from rain and from flows from the surrounding mountains, hills and streams. But now the water source is mainly the Nogales International Wastewater Treatment Plant in Rio Rico. The amount of water that enters the river in Rio Rico is 12.5 million gallons per day, which is down about 2.5 million gallons (mgd) a day compared to a year or more ago. The reasons are:

The U-turn river. The Santa Cruz River starts in eastern Santa Cruz County in the San Rafael Valley. It flows south into Mexico about 35 miles and then makes a U-turn at a mountainous area and flows north into the United States. It enters the U.S. six miles east of Nogales at the Kino Springs area and continues northwest toward the southern edge of Rio Rico. Just north of the Nogales International Wastewater Treatment Plant – where it merges with the outflow from the plant -- it veers north and then flows through Rio Rico and Tubac, onward to Tucson.

Mexico is sending about 10 percent less water into the treatment plant because their own plant about 13 miles south of the international border began full-time operations a year ago.

The water is cleaner due to new treatment and so less of an algae “mat” forms in the river bottom. That allows water to percolate underground faster, and it doesn’t flow as far north.

The water level in Rio Rico and Tubac is lower in the afternoons than the mornings. That’s because the treatment plant system discharges the water very quickly after it arrives, and the highest volume is in the mornings. There is a continuing drought.

It’s possible the river level will decline again in a few years

Volume X Number 3 January 2014

Cover:

after repairs to the main sewer line (called the IOI or international outfall interceptor) are completed. Because it’s aging, there are areas where groundwater enters the sewer line. When the holes are patched, the groundwater won’t enter the treatment plant.

In addition to the current concerns, some people worry that Mexico might take back the water that it now sends for sewage treatment. That is an extremely unlikely situation, said John Light, area operations manager of the Nogales International Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Agencies from the U.S. and from Mexico control boundary water issues, Light said. “We’ve had discussions with (Mexico) and they’ve reassured us their intentions are not to go below” the current amount of water that flows to the treatment plant in the United States. That’s “because it is still a bargain for them to send it. It would be very difficult for them to try to capture all of their flow. They would have to build a huge infrastructure in downtown Nogales, Sonora, (Mexico), so it wouldn’t be cost effective for them to pump it all back,” he said. The treatment plant in the United States received a major upgrade in June 2009. The water that enters the Santa Cruz River channel is “very good quality water. It’s considered A-plus which is good for re-use. It’s a significant improvement over what this plant used to discharge,” Light said. “The major reason this plant was upgraded (was that) the

Continued on next page...

Cover by Zoe Bolesta from Murray Bolesta's book "Bees, Butterflies and Blossoms of Southern Arizona." This journal is made possible through the support of local advertisers, artists and writers... please visit their unique businesses and let them know where you saw their ad, art or article.

The Tubac Villager is a locally owned and independently operated journal, published monthly to celebrate the art of living in Southern Arizona. Opinions and information herein do not necessarily reflect those of the advertisers or the publishers. Advertiser and contributor statements and qualifications are the responsibility of the advertiser or contributor named. All articles and images are the property of the Tubac Villager, and/or writer or artist named, and may not be reproduced without permission. Letters are welcome.

'The Villager is made available in racks and at businesses throughout the Santa Cruz Valley and also made available at public libraries in Arivaca, Green Valley, Nogales, Rio Rico and numerous Tucson Libraries and businesses. January 2013 circulation: 9,000 NEXT ISSUE comes out first week in February

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

coming out. With the new plant we don’t have that any more. We don’t have any big storage areas. So basically, when the water’s coming in is the same amount of water we’re putting out. If there’s a lot of water in the morning, we’re putting out a lot.”

previous plant was not able to treat ammonia. It’s toxic to aquatic wildlife. To get to that point we had to build a new facility called a BNR facility (Biological Nutrient Removal).

As well, Light talked about the new Los Alisos sewage treatment plant south of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, which he said is about 21 kilometers, or 13 miles, south of the international border. “Their intent is to absorb the growth that’s occurring in Mexico. By treaty, Mexico is allowed to send 9.9 million gallons per day to the United States on average. If they send more than that, they’re responsible for paying higher charges to us.

“By growing certain types of bacteria we’re able to convert the ammonia to nitrate. We take the nitrate out of the water with other bacteria so it’s all a natural process. As a side benefit, it’s an activated sludge process which has the benefit of reducing biochemical oxygen demand and it puts out a nice clear effluent.

“Most people have noticed it doesn’t look like green pea soup anymore. From a biological standpoint this plant does very well,” Light said.

“Mexico’s intent is to absorb any more growth in Nogales, Sonora. They want to treat it domestically. Their intent is not to go under 9.9 mgd but to remain right at that because they get a very good bargain for the treatment costs they pay us. We’re a large facility so we’re able to treat at a very good rate, as compared to small facilities.”

Inconsistent levels for decades

Birdie Stabel, a Tubac resident, has been a volunteer who’s tested the river water quality for 20 years. She said she’s worried that the water level is reduced, but also brings some perspective. The river hasn’t flowed consistently for decades, she recalled.

Light said that after testing, the new plant in Mexico went online in January 2013. “They’ve been taking about 1.5 million gallons per day roughly to their treatment plant that would have normally come here to the United States. But we’ve had discussions with them and they’ve reassured us their intentions are not to go below the 9.9 mgd.”

“When I came here in 1975 and we lived in Tumacácori, the river rarely flowed at Santa Gertrudis (Lane crossing) unless there had been a storm.” Stabel said she remembers that well because “I used to run across it and I was keenly aware of that fact that there wasn’t any water in it. It was in about 1978 that the plant began getting more sewage from Mexico, and after that there was always a trickle.”

Trees are dying

No one denies that the reduced flow has unpleasant effects. Stabel said, “There are dying willows from the north end of the Tubac Golf Resort all along through Chavez Siding Road. Those have mostly died due to not enough water, because they have very shallow roots.

Stabel said the varying flows have worried people for centuries, which she learned through research. “When you think about back in Spanish Colonial times, people used to complain about there not being enough water in the river a lot. Tubac would say that Tumacácori was taking it all and Tumacácori would say that the farmers to the south were taking it all.”

“It’s habitat and there are so many native and migrating birds that rely on willows as part of their cover and for nesting purposes. There are birds that nest in the willows and can’t now, so those numbers will probably decline.”

Light, a Rio Rico resident who crosses the river Light, during an interview, gave specifics (Top) Seasonal rains affect the water levels as seen here near Amado daily to return home, also wants to see it remain about the treatment plant, which was during the Summer Monsoon. (Bottom) The Nogales waste water vital. “I don’t expect it to decrease any significant constructed in 1970-72, and had an upgrade treatment plant provides millions of gallons of ground flow per day. amount from what we’re discharging now,” in 1992 before the most recent improvements. Photographs by Murray Bolesta, www.cactushuggers.com he said. “We all know within the agency how “We’ve had several different things happen important this effluent is for the river.” in a short amount of time that have impacted Stabel said she still worries about the state of the the effluent at the treatment plant. The most No holding ponds river. “It’s pretty amazing how things change. We expect significant was when this new, upgraded plant was put things to stay the same or maybe even get better. When on line it changed the characteristics of our effluent, so Many people have asked Light why the river surface is they don’t, it’s kind of surprising and shocking.” we were no longer putting out a lot of nutrients which sometimes dry in Rio Rico when there’s always water there in recent years. He said that the morning discharge She and her husband, Nick Bleser, started river water caused algae growth and things like that,” Light said. of effluent explains the result. quality testing more than 20 years ago as volunteers. The Over the years, he said, the plant “was putting out lots of nutrients and that created algae growth which basically plugged the bottom of the river with algae so the water couldn’t percolate down into the ground.

“Once the new plant went on line those nutrients were removed. So now what happens is the water percolates into the ground at a faster rate. That’s one of the reasons you’re seeing that how far our effluent travels has been shortened somewhat. It’s still there, but it’s going into the ground faster.

“With the old plant we had the very large lagoons, approximately 60 million gallons worth of storage capacity. So what would happen is that people in Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Mexico, they run their showers in the morning, so you have a high flow in one part of the day and a different flow in another part of the day. “But that was buffered because we had all these big lagoons … and we put out a pretty steady rate of water

test results are submitted to the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality and to the Sonoran Institute, among other recipients. Anyone who would like to learn more about volunteer river watch opportunities can call Birdie Stabel at (520) 398-2266.


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

THRIFT SHOP

SHOWERS MONEY

Many Tubac and nearby area groups received significant donations from the Country Fair White Elephant group in the annual awards on Dec. 12. Organizations apply for the grants and a committee reviews the requests. Funding comes from the group’s thrift shop in Green Valley at 601 N. La Cañada Dr. The group handed out a total of $1.6 million. Among the recipients were: Amado Community Food

Bank, $50,000; Borderlands Community Food Bank in Nogales, $50,000; Nogales Community Food Bank, $43,000; Santa Cruz Humane Society, $20,000.

Friends of the Tubac Presidio, $1,000; Tubac Center of the Arts, $7,000; Young Audiences of Santa Cruz County, $6,000; Rich River (Tubac and Rio Rico) Athletic Club, $1,000.

For the Santa Cruz Valley Unified School District No. 35 (Tubac and Rio Rico) grants were: Rio Rico High School, $25,000; Calabasas Middle School, $12,000; Coatimundi Middle School, $7,500; San Cayetano Elementary, $14,000; Mountain View Elementary, $12,000; Peña Blanca Elementary, $10,000. The Tubac charter school Montessori de Santa Cruz, $4,000.

ROSEMONT COPPER

OBJECTION PERIOD STARTS

The Coronado National Forest announced the completion of the Rosemont Copper Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS).  The National Environmental Policy Act environmental analysis process was initiated for the Rosemont Copper Project in March of 2008, in response to a Mine Plan of Operations for an open-pit copper mine proposed for the Santa Rita Mountains north of Tubac and east of Green Valley.  The proposal was submitted by the Augusta Resource Corporation in 2007.  The analysis process is now coming to a close. On Dec. 31, a legal notice was published in the newspaper of record, the Arizona Daily Star, which initiates the 45-day objection period beginning Jan. 1, 2014.

Those who are eligible have 45 days in which to review the documents and file an objection on the proposed project.  Specific directions on how to file an objection are provided in 36 CFR 218.8 and will be included in the legal notice, and posted on the project website (www.RosemontEIS.us ). 

Following the objection filing period, the Forest Service will have a 45-day review period, with the option for one 30-day extension. The total objection period has a statutory limit of 120 days following the legal notice commencing the objection process. At the end of this period, the reviewing officer will issue a written response to the objections which may include instructions to the responsible official to incorporate additional changes in the draft Record of Decision or to move forward with the project.

BOARD DEPARTS EN MASSE FROM COMMUNITY FOUNDATION

Many individuals in Tubac grew to know about the Santa Cruz Community Foundation because board members made presentations at meetings and a number of annual fundraisers were held in Tubac and Tumacácori. However, after 13 years in the area, the foundation was left with no local office, no staff, and no board of directors at the end of October.

Even so, people affiliated with it say that all the charitable funds are secure and are being administered by the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona in Tucson. Robert Phillips, the executive director for the past five and a half years, resigned effective Oct. 30. As well, the three part-time employees in the office and the 12 members of the board of directors resigned. Within a short period of time, they created a non-profit titled Border Community Alliance (BCA).

The reason for the departure, said William Neubauer, M.D., board president, was that Phillips and the board members wanted to focus more time and money on projects tied to Nogales, Sonora.

“There was nothing negative. We wanted to go our own way,” he said. “We were divergent with the community foundation and we are focusing on a lot of different projects.” continued on page 10....


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...continued from page 8

The BCA board works in partnership with a community foundation based in Sonora, Mexico, Fundación del Empresario Sonorense, or FESAC.

Meanwhile, recruitment has been under way to find individuals who will serve on the board of the Santa Cruz Community Foundation. Nellie Bracker of Tubac said anyone with questions about the charitable accounts that have been set up in past years can contact Barbara Brown, program director, Community Foundation for Southern Arizona, at (520) 770-0800, Ext. 7119. The office of the Border Community Alliance is in Tubac and the phone number is (520) 398-3229.

COUNCIL SEEKS TO REMOVE CHECKPOINT

The Santa Cruz Valley Citizens Council of Tubac will attempt to build enough support so that the U.S. Department of Homeland Security dismantles the immigration and smuggling checkpoint on northbound Interstate 19 in Tubac. Council

representatives presented the statement at the group’s Dec. 16 meeting. It says: “The Santa Cruz Valley Citizens Council is opposed to a Border Patrol checkpoint located anywhere on I-19. We do not recognize the difference, promulgated by Border Patrol, between an ‘interim’ and a ‘permanent’ checkpoint.

“A checkpoint has been located permanently on I-19 just north of the community of Tubac for more than six years, endangering the public safety, detracting from our property values, and degrading the quiet, rural lifestyle of our valley.

“We believe the border should be secured at the United States-Mexican border, and not at an artificial border located 25 miles north. Therefore, the Santa Cruz Valley Citizens Council will advocate with our resources to have the I-19 checkpoint removed.” Council officers said they plan to ask for support from the Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors and from members of Congress who represent Arizona.

AREA’S STATE SENATOR RESIGNS

State Sen. Linda Lopez, who represents Tubac and Green Valley along with much of Tucson and other areas, announced in mid-December that she would resign this month. The Tucson Democrat said she wanted to focus on her new job with the Easter Seals Blake Foundation. In a story published in the Arizona Daily Star, she said she started working for the foundation in October as director of children and family services. The exact timing will depend on how it affects her retirement, the article said. As a legislator she is a member of the Elected Officials Retirement Plan. Benefits are computed based on years of service. Lopez said since her service started the second week of January 2001, she likely would need to stay through the second week of 2014 to get credit for her last year of service. The next step is for the District 2 Democratic Party precinct committeemen and women to recommend three possible replacements from whom the Pima County Board of Supervisors must make a selection. Like Lopez, the appointee must be a Democrat and live in District 2.

HIKE APPROVED IN TRASH FEES

Costs will rise Feb. 3 to drop off trash at the Santa Cruz County Transfer Station in Tubac. The Board of Supervisors voted Dec. 11 to approve the increase, which was recommended to help reduce the cost overruns at the facility. All loads less than a truck bed high will cost $8, up from $7. Loads higher than a truck bed are charged $16. There is no fee to leave items in the bins for recycling.

The days of the week that the transfer station is open may be reduced from four to three. The proposal was to be on the Jan. 8 Board of supervisors meeting agenda. In August 2010, the Board of Supervisors raised the fee from $2 per load to $7. The transfer station is northwest of the Chavez Siding interchange of Interstate 19.

ELECTRICITY COSTS RISE

About 20,000 customers of UniSource Electric Services in Santa Cruz County are affected by a rate increase that started Jan. 1, 2014. The Nogales International reported that

the average monthly bill of a typical residential customer with usage of 850-kilowatt hours (kWh) is expected to increase by an average of about 41 cents per month. The Arizona Corporation Commission in mid-December unanimously approved a settlement that outlines the new rates.

The settlement was somewhat of a victory for UES customers. The original proposal from the utility would have increased average monthly bills by $3.61.

CAUTION REGARDING RABIES

Since October 2013, there have been 10 skunks confirmed with rabies in northern Santa Cruz County and southern Pima County. Lt. Joe Peña of the Santa Cruz County Animal Care and Control office said three rabid skunks have been found in Tubac.

As well, there were two found in Amado, one in Arivaca, two in Rio Rico, one in Nogales and one in the Patagonia Lake area. Authorities recommend that pets be vaccinated for rabies.

Peña said people can call his office at (520) 761-7860 if they observe a skunk or any wild life acting in an unusual manner for an officer to respond. His office is open Mondays through Fridays. On the weekends, he said people can call the Santa Cruz County Sheriff ’s office.

In Arizona, there are at least three strains of rabies circulating in the environment, according to a press release from Arizona Game and Fish. The ones that are most commonly identified are the big brown bat, grey fox and skunk strains. Pima, Santa Cruz, Cochise, and Coconino counties have the highest number of animals in the state that test positive for rabies. Rabies is caused by a virus. The virus infects the nervous system and brain, and causes symptoms in people that range from headache and tingling of the extremities, to difficulty swallowing, seizures, and death. Once symptoms begin, it is always fatal. Animals with rabies usually exhibit abnormal behavior and can appear especially docile or extremely aggressive. If you are bitten by a wild mammal, consult a healthcare professional immediately or call 911. (For comments or questions, contact Kathleen Vandervoet at kathleenvandervoet@gmail.com)


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

January 10, 11am-2pm - Living History: Foods of the Spanish Colonial Period. Volunteers dressed in period clothing describe the combination of native and introduced foods enjoyed by the Spanish soldiers and civilians who lived in Tubac during the Spanish Colonial period (1752-1776). Featuring a special display of the ONGOING bounty of foods from the Old World, New World and surrounding desert @ the Church at Tubac - Wednesdays: AWANA Clubs 6:30-8pm. used by Tubac cooks, plus cooking demos with samples. $5 adult, $2 youth The Church at Tubac, 2242 West Frontage Road, Tubac. All children from the age of 7-13, children free. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, 3 years old and up through high school are welcome. Sundays: The Church at Tubac. 520-398-2252. Tubac Sunday Morning Worship. Sunday School at 10am; Worship Service at 11am. January 10, 1:30pm - Amado "Town Hall" 2242 West Frontage Road, Tubac. (520) 398-2325. Meeting at the Sonoran Center on the Amado Territory Ranch, I-19 @ the Patagonia Lake - Mondays & Fridays, 9am - Bird Exit 48. Let's join together to talk about our future: The impending changes Walks at Patagonia Lake State Park. Free after admission to to the Amado Food Bank; A community center; Our most urgent needs and Park. Meet at east end of Campground. Saturdays & Sundays - Avian challenges -- and how we can meet them together. 520-625-6100. Boat Tours of Patagonia Lake on at 9am and 10:15. Lake January 10, 7:30pm - Libby Skala "A Time to Discovery Tours at 11:30 AM. Twilight Tours on Saturday evenings. Dance" a funny, captivating, charming, one-way show. Tickets $20. At Reservations Required. Call Visitor Center 520-287-2791 to reserve and to find out the Tubac Center of the Arts. 520-398-2371. time of departure for Twilight Tour. Cost: $5 per person per tour. Saturdays at 2pm & Sundays at 10:30am - Junior Ranger Activities January 11, 1-4pm - Paws Patrol's Cat Adoption at the Visitor Center. Fair at Green Valley Canine, 750 W Camino Casa Verde. All cats and kittens are raised in our foster homes. Paws Patrol in partnership with Tuesdays, 9am - Hiking/Yoga Class  with Pamela - 90 minutes. Benefit Wines, is introducing their new line of charity wines, a lineup How about a hike which includes intervals of yoga poses designed to stretch, of six estate grown imported wines. These delectable wines, imported strengthen, and re-focus on breath? We leave from the Tubac Recreation from the LaFortuna Vineyards in Lontue Valley, Chile, are highly rated and Center at 9:00am or Evolution Dance Studio at 9:10am. Learn more at www. affordably priced for the wine and charity lover. A significant portion of marathonhealthandwellness.com or call 628-9287 for more info . All Levels the purchase price is donated to Paws Patrol in their continuing efforts Welcome - Cost $8. to Trap/Neuter/Return area feral and stray cats. These limited edition Wednesdays, 10-11:30am - The discussion group of "If you are interested in Spanish lessons, group or private, call Paula Beemer at Benefit Wines are now available online at www.BenefitWines.com/ the Democratic Club of the Santa Rita Area meets every (520) 248-1219 or (520) 398-2841 for schedules and availability. pawspatrol For more information, call 520-207-4024 or see our website, Wednesday. Questions? Call Headquarters at 520.838.0590. greenvalleypawspatrol.org. Thursdays, 9am-noon - Tubac Consciousness Team January 11, 2 pm - The Life and Times of Tom meets at the Governor's Mansion at The Embarcadaro Jeffords, Blood Brother of Cochise – Presented System lands, and 75 acres of Arizona State Land Department lands. Proposed activities to explore science & spirituality. Meditation/Chanting with live music, include an open pit mine and associated processing and disposal facilities approximately 30 by Van Fowers. Born in Chautauqua, New York in 1832, Tom Jeffords began his consciousness study including guest speakers, TED talks, DVD’s and more…. For more miles south of the town of Tucson, AZ. The operation would produce copper, molybdenum, adventurous life as a steamboat captain. He joined the Union Army, got into mining, and information and to RSVP for this FREE group, email pamelaridg@gmail.com or call and silver concentrates. The FEIS and draft ROD are available on-line at the project website: managed a stage line for Wells & Fargo in southeast Arizona. After Cochise’s band attacked and 520.628.9287. http://www.rosemonteis.us. These documents are also available for review at all of the killed 14 of his men, Jeffords met alone with Cochise and the two became fast friends. Learn Sundays, 9am - Worship at All Saints Anglican Church, Coronado National Forest offices in addition to numerous public libraries in and around how Jeffords was instrumental in creating peace in the region and what he did after Cochise Tucson. Additional information can be obtained by contacting: Mindy Sue Vogel, Coronado death to maintain that peace. $7.50 fee includes admission to tour the Park. At Tubac Presidio Assumption Chapel, 9 Amado Montosa Rd, Amado. 520-777-6601. State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. National Forest, 300 W. Congress, Tucson, AZ, 520.388.8327, msvogel@fs.fed.us. Sundays, 2-5pm - Live Music at Wisdom's DOS! La Entrada. Suite 102. January 11 - Cornerstone Band performs at the De Anza RV Resort, * * * * * 520-216-7664. Frontage Rd. 520-398-9652. www.deanzarvresort.com. Now Thru January 31 - “Snapshots of Southern January 9 thru 12 - Earth Harmony Sustainability Seminar. Arizona's Past Through Moments in the Present" Avalon Organic Gardens & EcoVillage in Tumacacori, AZ is offering an opportunity to learn about January 12 & 25, 11am-3pm - Frontier Printing Press The Tubac Presidio will host a new exhibit by award-winning photographer Patricia Descalzi. sustainability. Seminar topics include Environment & Agriculture; Village Development & Housing; Demonstrations. Professional printer and teacher James Pagels demonstrates Descalzi captures moments and traditions from Southern Arizona’s past with beautiful Economics; Education; Media, Marketing & the Arts; Health Care; and Leadership & Procedures. the Washington Hand Press used to print Arizona’s first newspaper in 1859 and answers images of Tubac’s historical Presidio, the Mission at San Xavier del Bac, Tucson's Barrio Viejo, Seminar includes housing and organic meals. Participants receive a Certificate of Completion. questions about hand press printing, type setting, and other aspects of this marvel of and the wranglers of the famed White Stallion Ranch. Included with Park admission $5 adult, Proceeds benefit Avalon Organic Gardens & EcoVillage Agricultural Internships and the Personality industrial engineering. Included with park admission $5 adult, $2 youth 7-13, children free. $2 youth (7–13), children free. Meet the Artist Reception on Sunday, October 27. Tubac Integration Rehabilitation Program. For more information call 520-603-9932 or visit http:// At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. avalongardens.org/learn/seminars. Registration $700. Presidio open daily 9am-5pm. 520-398-2252. January 12, 1-4pm - Paws Patrol's Cat Adoption Fair - the second Now Thru February 2 - Members' Juried Exhibit at the Tubac January 10, 17, 24, & 31, 10am-12noon - Walking Tours of Old Sunday of each month at Green Valley Canine, 750 W Camino Casa Verde. All cats and kittens Center of the Arts. 62 pieces of art on display representing the wide variety of style Town Tubac. Guided tours of the “Old Town” section of Tubac with Alice Keene, every Friday are raised in our foster homes. The adoption fee for all cats is: $35 for 1 and $50 for 2. For more from mid-November through March 2014. Explore the original adobe buildings and discover the information, call 520-207-4024 or see our website, greenvalleypawspatrol.org. and mediums from our member artists. 520-398-2371. rich heritage of Arizona’s first European settlement. Learn about early Native American inhabitants, Now Thru February 14 - Rosemont Copper Project objection Spanish explorers, mining booms, Apache attacks, kidnappings, duels and other episodes in January 12, 2 pm - Concert: National flatpick guitar champion period. Forest Supervisor Jim Upchurch of the Coronado National Forest has prepared Tubac’s colorful past. Meet at the Park’s Visitor Center. Allow 2 hours for the tour and bring walking Peter McLaughlin. McLaughlin, renown for his intricate arrangements and stunning a Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and draft Record of Decision (ROD) for the shoes, sunscreen and a hat. $10 fee includes admission to tour the Presidio Park. Tour limited to 20; virtuosity on guitar, is well known in the Tucson music scene for his country and bluegrass style. Rosemont Copper Project. The proposed project would be conducted on approximately 995 reservations requested, 520-398-2252 or info@TubacPresidio.org. At Tubac Presidio State Historic He started playing the guitar at the age of eight and was soon jamming at bluegrass festivals and fiddlers conventions. He took top honors at the National Flatpicking Championship, acres of private land owned by Rosemont Copper Company, 3,670 acres of Forest Service Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252.


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T U B A C , G R E E N

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Telluride Bluegrass Guitar Championship, National Country Music Awards, 4-Corner States Bluegrass Guitar Championship, and Arizona State Guitar Championship. The concert will be held in the 1885 Territorial Schoolhouse. Admission to the concert is $18 for adults, free admission for children 14 and under. Seating is limited and reservations are recommended. For reservations, please call 520-398-2252 or email info@tubacpresidio.org. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 12, 2:30-4:30pm - changeishappening! presents Pat Maisch, An Accidental Activist. All are welcome, at the Green Valley Library. (Note time change!) changeishappening is a nonpartisan citizen activist organization in Green Valley. Questions? Contact: Kathy Babcock 520.289.4041 kathybabcockaz@gmail.com. January 13 thru 15 - Arizona Food & Farm Finance Forum. Opening reception, Mon the 13th from 6-8:30pm at the Sea of Glass - Center for the Arts, 330 E 7th St, Tucson. $5. Light appetizers and teas served. Tues & Wed from 9am-2pm Food & Farm Finance Forum at the Biosphere 2 in Oracle. For mnore info visit www.localfirstaz.com/ foodfinanceforum. January 16, 10:30am - The Literary Lions will host author Evelyne Tannenhill at Tubac Center of the Arts. Evelyne will give a visual presentation, discuss and autograph her book, “Abandoned and Forgotten,” which relates her experiences as a young girl in East Prussia during the Nazi era. 398-2371. January 16, 1-3pm - Green Valley Genealogical Society, meets at its new location Valley Presbyterian Church, 2800 S. Camino del Sol, Green Valley. Main Program: Paul Duffey, "Research Overseas." Paul has located living relatives in Germany and traced ancestors there back to 1614, and ancestors back to 1816 in Ballymore, County Westmeath, Ireland. He will detail the methods used to find them. Paul Duffey is a retired Internist/Hematologist/Medical Oncologist. He is a former Board Member of the Arizona State Genealogy Society, and currently runs the DNA Special Interest Group and General Genealogy Help Sessions for Pima County Genealogy Society. For several years he has been the State Genealogist for the Sons of the American Revolution. Short Program: Gordon Gray, "Gadgets & Tools to Help with Your Research." Apps, mobile tools, scanners, digital keyboards? Gordon will show and demonstrate a number of tools that he finds very useful in his research using his smartphone, a mouse scanner, a digital keyboard, and a host of smartphone apps and tech tools. Gordon was born and raised in the Ozark Hills of Southwest Missouri. He is the owner of the GrayLine Group LLC, genealogy and family history research business. He is past president of the International Society for British Genealogy and Family History and Treasurer of the Association of Professional Genealogists. Meetings feature genealogical items for Door Prizes, Silent Auctions and Raffles. Refreshments will be served. Visitors are welcome. Contact JoAnn Herbst (396-4630 or joannherbst@cox.net) for more information, or go to www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~azgvgs/ (or Google: azgvgs). January 16, 2pm - Guided Tour of the Barrio de Tubac Archaeological Site. Special tour by local experts of the Spanish colonial archaeological site just south of the Park which preserves the remains of the original Tubac town site, including residence foundations, plaza area, refuse area and partial irrigation ditch. Meet at the Park’s Visitor Center. Tour involves a walk of about 1-1/4 miles. Bring walking shoes, sunscreen and hat. $10 fee includes admission to tour the Presidio Park. Tour limited to 15; reservations requested,

Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

520-398-2252 or info@TubacPresidio.org. Private tours for five or more can be scheduled; call or e-mail the Park to arrange. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-3982252. January 17 - Ayurveda Lifestyle Classes begin at the Tubac Healing Arts Center. Contact 520-275-2689 for more info. January 17, 10am-12noon - Walking Tours of Old Town Tubac. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 17 & 31, 11am-2pm - Living History: Chocolate in Spanish Colonial Tubac. Explore the history, geography, and culture of chocolate in New Spain. Park Volunteer will guide you through the test kitchens of the Mayan, Aztec and Spanish Colonials, demonstrating how chocolate was processed and discussing its role in the diet, medicine and social customs of the times. Sample the energy drink that fueled the 17751776 Anza expedition from Tubac to San Francisco. Included with park admission $5 adult, $2 youth, children free. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 17. 4:30-6pm - Friends of Sonoita Creek is hosting a "Meet and Greet" open house at the Wild Horse Restaurant in Patagonia. Members and the public are invited to view exhibits, and learn about the Friends’ mission. Beverages and snacks will be served. At 7:00pm Scott Warren presents “Despoblado: Immigration, conservation, and Artifact in the Arizona-Mexico Borderland” at the Patagonia Library. January 17 - Midlife Crisis perform at the De Anza RV Resort, Frontage Rd. 520-398-9652. www.deanzarvresort.com. January 18, 10am-4pm - Tubac Center of the Arts HOME TOUR! Six beautiful homes are featured in the self-guided Tubac Center of the Arts Home Tour. Tour

proceeds benefit the many programs of the non-profit art center. Tickets are $25 for members and $30 for non-members and can be reserved in advance by calling the art center at (520) 3982371. On the day of the tour, tickets and maps will be available at the art center. Complimentary coffee provided by Tumacookery. January 18, 2pm - The Famous Juan Bautista de Anza Expeditions to California - Presentation by Jack Lasseter. This is the story, as only Jack can tell it, of Juan Bautista de Anza’s two famous trips in the1770s, in which he guided Spanish immigrants overland from Tubac to California, first to Monterrey, and then to settle what would become today’s San Francisco. Who went, why did they go, and what was it like on the trail? It was one of the most important expeditions in the history of the West; some historians say more so than that of Lewis and Clark, and its story is fascinating. Wine and hors d'oeuvres will be served. $15 per lecture. Please call for reservations and future dates, 520398-2252. A portion of the proceeds will benefit the community effort to “Save the Presidio.” At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street. 520-398-2252. January 18 & 19 - O'odham Artisans Show 2014 at the Tohono Village Plaza, 10 Camino Oter. Featuring Michael Chiago in addition to basket weavers, potters, singers, musicians and painters. O'odham Artusts representing the Tohono, Gila River, Ak Chin and Salt River tribes will share their talents with demonstration and sales. 520-730-7396. 520-398-2443. January 19, 2 pm - Northern Jaguar Project – Presentation by Diana Hadley. Renowned for their power, strength, beauty, and grace, jaguars once roamed across much of the southern United States. Today, these predators are vanishing throughout the Americas, and nowhere is this more apparent than in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands. Learn about the Project and what it is doing to save the population of endangered jaguars, and the dozens of other threatened wildlife species found in the region. $7.50 fee includes admission to tour the Park. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 20, 10-11am - Free QiGong on Martin Luther King, Jr. Day at the Tubac Healing Arts Center. 520-275-2689. January 21, 9am at the Green Valley Joyner Library - Babies, Blankets and Borders invites you to make a blanket for a newborn in Mexico whose mom cannot afford the supplies she needs. We supply the fabric. No sewing skills are needed. If you can use scissors and know how to tie a knot, you can do it! Come and join our friendly group. January 23, 10am-12noon - Walking Tours of Tubac's Art History. Learn why Tubac is the town where "Art and History Meet." Join Gwen Griffin and Nancy Valentine for the Tubac Presidio Park's newest walking tour to discover where Tubac's first artists worked and hear stories of their creative lives. The tour ends at the Tubac Center of the Arts where you will view the work of Tubac’s artists and enjoy light refreshments. Meet at the Park’s Visitor Center. Allow 2 hours for the tour and bring walking shoes, sunscreen and a hat. $20 fee includes admission to tour the Tubac Presidio Park and the Tubac Center of the Arts. Tour limited to 10 people; reservations encouraged, 520-398-2252 or info@TubacPresidio.org. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 23- Art a la Carte – Dinner & Artists Talks. Enjoy an intimate evening at the Chapel of the Tubac Golf Resort with dinner catered by Stables restaurant while listening to three Tubac artists share their experiences and artwork.  This year’s special guest artists, Barbara Hill, Tom Hill, and Lee Blackwell.    What better way to spend an evening – good food, amazing art, and inspiring company! Call TCA for tickets at 520-398-2371 or more details!   This is a limited seating engagement so get your tickets now.   $55 for TCA Members, $65 for Guests. Location: Chapel at Tubac Golf Resort.


Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4 January 24 thru 26 , 10am-4pm (with a lunch break) - Principles of Field Sketching 3 day workshop with Nicholas Wilson. $350 TCA members, $360 nonmembers. Space is limited and highly sought after. Call the Tubac Center of the Arts at 520-398-2371 to register. Bring your lunch. January 24, 10am-12noon - Walking Tours of Old Town Tubac. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 24, 11am-2pm - Living History: Medicine of the Spanish Colonial Period. When the Spanish soldiers and their families settled Tubac in 1752, there was no doctor or surgeon among them. It was the responsibility of the women to treat their family's physical complaints and wounds. Medicine was basic and dependent on herbs and plants known for their healing properties. This living history program features a display of medicinal herbs and plants, and knowledgeable commentary by an herbalist who will tell visitors how these plants were used by “curanderas” (healers) to treat illness and injuries. $5 adult, $2 youth 7-13, children free. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 24 - Chuck Wagon and the Wheels perform at the De Anza RV Resort, Frontage Rd. 520-398-9652. www.deanzarvresort.com. January 25, 9am - Explore Sonoita Creek from the east end of Patagonia Lake to the Circle Z fence. Volunteers for Friends of Sonoita Creek will lead a moderate three-hour hike exploring the flora, fauna and history of this important riparian area. Call 520-287-2791 to register. No fee other than park admission. Meet at 9:00 AM at the Birding Kiosk at the east end of the Patagonia Lake State Park campground. Sturdy shoes, water, binoculars and a walking stick are recommended. January 25, 11am-3pm - Frontier Printing Press Demonstrations. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 25, 2pm - Harwood Steiger – Presentation by Cynthia deVillemarette. The scholarship on the textile artist Harwood Steiger is meager. But the impact of the artist and his work in the village of Tubac is significant. This presentation will touch upon the artist’s life in Tubac, his approach to his art, and his many community contributions. Harwood Steiger was a true mid-century artist who loved the Sonoran Desert, the plants and animals which thrive here, and the many people and places he came to know. In addition to his whimsical representations of desert life, he produced stunning abstractions that are as exciting today as they were in the 1950s through the 1970s. Attendees are encouraged to wear any Harwood Steiger garments they may own. $7.50 fee includes admission to tour the Park. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252.

January 26, 2 pm - Seeds of Change, Bones of Contention – Presentation by Deni Seymour. Dr. Deni Seymour is a leading regional authority on Native American and Spanish colonial archaeology. Recent excavations on sites in the San Pedro and Santa Cruz valleys have produced evidence of wheat, beans, maize, and fossilized animal remains that has been curiously preserved. Dr. Seymour will present documentary and archaeological evidence to help understand the character of these crops, and their role in O'odham life in the1690s. $7.50 fee includes admission to tour the Park. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 27 - Application deadline for "From the Earth" Glass, Clay & Paper Art Exhibit at the Tubac Center of the Arts. 520-398-2371. January 27, 5:30pm - "Songs of the Heart" at the Tubac Healing Arts Center. Come to sing and chant. Donation $4 suggested. 520-275-2689. January 31, 10am-12noon - Walking Tours of Old Town Tubac. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 31, 11am-2pm - Living History: Chocolate in Spanish Colonial Tubac. At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street, Tubac. 520-398-2252. January 31, 7:30pm - TCA Performing Arts – Sara Davis Buechner – Piano. Call TCA at 520-398-2371 for tickets, $20. Location: Tubac Center of the Arts, 9 Plaza Road, Tubac. Admission: $20. Hours: Fri., January 10, 7:30pm. Contact: TCA at 520398-2371. January 31 - Beau Renfro Band performs at the De Anza RV Resort, Frontage Rd. 520-398-9652. www.deanzarvresort. com. February 1, 2pm - JAZZY WOMEN featuring Pat Watson, vocalist, Leslie Carter, bass and Janie Pogan, keyboard. Unitarian Universalist Auditorium, Amado Territory Ranch. $15. For info call 648-2155 or 625-0957. February 3 thru 9 - Old Presidio Traders will have their Navajo Silversmith, Monroe and Lillie Ashley, in the store demonstrating and taking 'Special Orders' the week of Februray 3rd - 9th. We welcome you to stop by and see all the exciting things they have. Beginning Wednesday Glass Sculpter, Robert Sanders, will be here for the Festival. 520-398-9333. February 5 Thru 9 - 55th Annual Tubac Festival of the Arts features 175 art booths with artists from around the country. The festival features a range of artwork from fine painting and sculpture to fun and functional ceramics, skillfully crafted wood and leatherworks and shimmering glass. Visitors will also see photography, unique jewelry, artful clothing and mixed media works. Festival attendees will find several parking lots both in and adjacent to the event.

Throughout the festival, free trolley service takes visitors to and from the parking lots and around Tubac village. The horse-drawn carriages delight attendees of all ages. The food court offers a variety of ethnic and regional foods including Greek, Frybread, Asian and Southwestern cuisine. Also on hand will be festival favorites such as barbeque, burgers, corn dogs, curly fries, funnel cakes, ice cream, kettle and fresh corn and fresh squeezed lemonade. Visitors can take home treats including gourmet pastas, fudge, spices, salsas, honey, roasted nuts, garlic specialties, jams and jellies. Admission is free. Parking is $8 per car, all parking proceeds benefit local nonprofit organizations. Presented by the Tubac Chamber of Commerce. For more information, contact the Chamber at (520) 3982704 or visit their website www.tubacaz.com. February 7 thru March 9 - AZ Aqueous XXVIII Exhibit at the Tubac Center of the Arts. 520-398-2371. February 18, 2pm - Jack Lasseter Arizona History Series - The Columbian Exchange. Wine and hors d'oeuvres will be served. $15 per lecture. Please call for reservations and future dates, 520-398-2252. A portion of the proceeds will benefit the community effort to “Save the Presidio.” At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street. 520-398-2252. February 23, 2-5pm - The Hal Empie Gallery will host a book signing for H. Alan Day, Co-author of Justice Sandra Day O’Connor’s book, “Lazy B”. Alan’s new book is titled “The Horse Lover”. Call to reserve your autographed copy or have one mailed to you. 520-389-2811. February 28, 8:30am - The 2014 Green Valley Women’s Conference, “Women of the World: Path Makers and Path Breakers" at the Ballroom at the Madera Clubhouse in Quail Creek, 2055 E. Quail Crossing Blvd. Tickets, which include the program and lunch, are $27 and are on sale now at the La Vista and La Perla front desks at La Posada, at the Green Valley News & Sun office (around the corner from Big Lots), Quail Creek Concierge Desk, Green Valley/Sahuarita Chamber of Commerce, and Community Connect. Deadline to purchase tickets is Wednesday, February 19, 2014. Tickets will not be available at the door. The day will feature inspiring talks by intrepid women who boldly led the way in their chosen fields. Throughout the day, Kat Strandlie will lead us through Tai Chi exercises, designed to relieve tension and lighten the spirit. The event is sponsored by the Green Valley News & Sun and La Posada. The Women’s Conference Committee is composed of Pam Mox, Publisher of the Green Valley News & Sun, Lisa Israel, President and CEO of La Posada, Susan Cohen, Joyce Finkelstein, Marilyn Forstot, Carrie Klaege Nicole Raymond, and Phyllis Tingstad. March 22, 2pm - Jack Lasseter Arizona History Series - Women on the Arizona Frontier, II. Wine and hors d'oeuvres will be served. $15 per lecture. Please call for reservations and future dates, 520-398-2252. A portion of the proceeds will benefit the community effort to “Save the Presidio.” At Tubac Presidio State Historic Park, 1 Burruel Street. 520-398-2252.

March 29, 6:30am - 3rd Annual Nogales Bicycle Classic. All rides start at Nogales City Hall, 777 N. Grand Avenue. The 84-mile route starts at 6:30 am and heads northeast on Highway 82 to Patagonia and back to S. River Rd. to Pendleton, Palo Parado to Chavez Siding in Tubac and back through Rio Rico to Nogales. The 58mile ride starts at 6:45 am heading northeast on Highway 82 to S. River Road where it winds through Pendleton, Palo Parado, Chavez Siding and back through Rio Rico to Nogales.The 28 miler starts at 7:00 am and follows Highway 82 to S. River Road to Pendleton and Palo Parado in Rio Rico, then back to Nogales. The 8-mile “fun ride” starts at 7:15 am and wheels down Grand Avenue and back to City Hall. The 28 and 58-mile courses are for road and mountain bikes. The 84-mile course is for road bikes only. And the 8-mile “fun ride” is for any kind of bike and riders of all ages. The event will conclude at 1:30 pm. Officials will have a vehicle available at the event’s conclusion to pick up any riders still on the course. Early Bird Registration is now in progress at http://www. nogalesbicycleclassic.org/registration.html until February 28. Fees are $65 for adult riders and $35 for riders ages 12-18 in the 28, 58 and 84 mile rides. The 8-mile fun ride for ages 12 and over is $25, and riders age 12 and under are FREE. After February 28, adult registration for the 28, 58 and 84-mile rides is $75. Register NOW to win a FREE 3-month training plan with 3 scheduled course preview rides for the 84-mile event. Go to www.nogalesbicycleclassic.org for details. All registration proceeds benefit Circles of Peace, one of the first domestic violence treatment and prevention programs that use a restorative justice circle approach to quell violent behavior in families. Circles of Peace is committed to advancing a holistic and culturally sensitive community based approach to mending families in Santa Cruz County. The Esplendor Resort at Rio Rico is the official sponsoring hotel. Located at 1069 Camino Caralampi, Rio Rico, AZ 85648, the Esplendor is offering special discounted room rates to guests riding in the Nogales Bicycle Classic. Contact 520-281-1901 or email reservations@esplendorresort.com. If your organization would like to sponsor this event, please go to http://www.nogalesbicycleclassic.org/sponsors.html.

Send your Event Listing to the Tubac Villager

tubacvillager@mac.com

Please, for the editor's sanity - format: Date/Time/Event/Location/Details/Contact Event calendar listings are for free, public and non-commercial listings. Commercial listings are available to Villager advertisers. email or call 520-398-3980 for advertising information.

The Brasher Team Learn more by visiting our office in Tubac at 2 Tubac Road, just at the front of the Village. Online at: russlyon.com Green Valley/Sahuarita: Call our main office at 520-398-2506 for more information of our fine team specializing in Green Valley/Sahuarita.

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January Music 11th Cornerstone Band 17th MidLife Crisis 24th Chuck Wagon & the Wheels 31st Beau Renfro Band

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Info: call www.deanzarvresort.com I-19 (Arivaca Rd.) 2 miles South East Frontage Rd.

140 CIRCULO VESPUCCI Beautiful Durango (modified) model home in Santiago. 4BR, 2.5BA, 3 Car Garage w/lots of built in storage. SS appliances, granite countertops, and ceramic tile floors throughout. Front & Rear patios w/fountains. Great home for entertaining. A MUST SEE! Furnishings – SBOS. $449,900 Call Carey Daniel (631-3058) Penny Bernal (520) 730-7026 Gary Brasher (520) 260-4048

Jacque Brasher (520) 481-1282 Lenore Becker (520) 904-1811

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Phone: (520) 398-2506 · Fax: (520) 398-2407 · Toll Free: (800) 700-2506

E-mail: info@russlyon.com


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TUMACACORI MESQUITE Mesquite - from the thicket to a piece of art by Paula Beemer

When it comes to pride for the products we produce in this area, one of the companies that comes to mind is Tumacacori Mesquite Sawmill, TMS, a hard-to-miss lumber area on the East Frontage Road as one heads south from Tubac.

It’s a company that not only has supplied Tubac residents and businesses with beautiful materials and pieces to accent their homes, but has done the same for people far outside our neighborhood, as well.

Owners Art and Valerie Flores purchased the business, including the two-acre property, from Richard Maul in 2002 Maul was the artist who saw the potential of mesquite and developed it, explained Valerie Flores in an interview.

When Maul sold the business to Art, he must have felt that his creation was going to be transferred to very capable hands, said Valerie in a recent interview. Art continued with the vision and he added strong business attributes such as organizational, people and marketing skills that can clearly be seen when visiting the shop. A pile of lumber visible from the road was organized into racks and the property was clean. The sawmill company became a user-friendly, good shopping experience, receiving many compliments from visitors, explained Flores. Out of 40 species of mesquite that can be found around the world, TMS specializes in one, the Velvet Mesquite, Prosopsis Veluntina. It is found in the Sonoran Desert, Arizona, California and the northwestern part of Mexico.

Originally, they brought the trees from Mexico, but today Velvet Mesquite is protected and regulated in that country. The harvesting process must be executed under a series of conditions and licenses. It was difficult for them to make sure that the whole process was done legally. Therefore, all the mesquite found on the property is now obtained nationally, said Flores.

In some circumstances, the U.S. Forest Service is removing velvet mesquite from public lands used for grazing.

The Bureau of Land Management and TMS have partnered for the last four and a half years in the efforts to restore the grasslands that served as habitat to animals like pronghorn antelope, migratory and grassland birds. Also, removing the trees will help stabilize the watershed by capturing more rainwater, TMS explains in their informational flyer. TMS collects the trees being removed from public land and brings what is usable to the yard. “It has been a very good program that


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shows that we are not just a store front, but another partner that is working with the BLM, working with harvested and salvageable trees. Those are the only trees that we invest on, trees that are meant to come down,” said Flores. Among the pieces they harvest are stumps and the root burls which become hidden treasures. The slabs obtained show a fantastic grain, they are unique and rare. “We have harvested over a million pounds of burls,” said Flores. They can be used as bowls or tabletops depending on their sizes.

Other pieces collected there can be found in some public areas including the Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix, Old Tucson Studios, the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum and San Xavier Mission.

As to the operation of the mill, it starts with the evaluation of the tree on site. In other words, when someone calls to offer a tree, TMS evaluates its condition and determine if it is suitable for milling and if it is, they must know what could it become, because that is what will guide the cutting process.

On average the business brings in three trees a month, said Flores. “We practice responsible harvesting,” explained Flores. They will only buy trees that are destined to come down due to construction projects, development or improvements. Under no circumstances they will encourage the tree cutting just as a way to make money. Among the biggest challenges of owning this business is the worry of not having the inventory to support a sudden increase in

Slabs can be found facing the store in the racks. They are carefully categorized and marked with dates to ensure that they have had enough time to dry before being used. That takes approximately eight months. There are also piles of remnants where most hobbyists will find the pieces needed to practice or make smaller creations like spoons, pencils, or knives and these are sold for just $1 a pound. the demand, Flores explained. Even so, it’s not much of a concern because there is still so much material to process. To see the potential of the wood harvested, it is a great idea to visit the TMS where visitors can walk into the store/office and find this versatile tree transformed into pieces of art.

The beautiful, unique and exotic creations are the result of a good combination of design and wood stressed by the conditions under which developed. The harshness of the desert gives the trees their character, they twist, they turn and they crack.

The artist uses these defects to benefit our eyes-, making it look as if these defects are all intended. In the end, it is just perfect. A good example of this is the incorporation of other elements in the piece like turquoise in some of the wood’s cracks.

gardening, said Flores.

Nothing in the yard gets wasted; even the sawdust is used for compost in

They are also wholesalers of crosses and cutting boards that are distributed nationwide and they offer custom interiors where customers will come with a concept of what they want and they will provide advice and ideas on what works best with the look they are trying to achieve.

The company offers tours through the yard and they can be scheduled in advance in the case of larger groups or can be on a walk-in basis. Visitors will not only learn about the qualities and characteristics of the tree, the milling process and get ideas of how to incorporate mesquite into a beautiful space, but also will have a chance to meet wonderful people like Art and Valerie.

TMS offers the following products and services: desks, chairs, tables, benches and more already made or the raw materials to make them including slabs, burls, limbs, and trunks.

All the raw materials are grouped in different areas of the yard.

TMS, located at 2007 E. Frontage Road open every day except Sunday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (520) 398-9356 online at www.mesquitedesign.com

www.tubacrugs.com 520-398-2369

Tubac, Arizona 7 Plaza Road Open 7 Days

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SURVIVING THE ARIZONA WINTER 101 OR ARIZONA WINTER: NATURE'S KALEIDOSCOPE OF ADAPTATIONS

ecember 21st heralded in the official start of Winter in the Sky Islands - a time of year characterized by being, well, sort of uncharacteristic for Winter. The “norm” for many north temperate areas on the globe is that Winter is a time of darkness, very cold weather, and of Nature taking a prolonged pause. Having grown up in Philadelphia this was indeed the dominant paradigm for the first 18 years of my life.

Here in sunny Arizona, Winters tend to be rather bright by these standards and temperatures not nearly as cold. We stand at the precipice of the subtropics and as such adhere to an overlapping, yet different set of climactic dictums. Certainly we're a renowned destination for cold-weary snowbirds seeking more balmy climes. Still, I'm certain that more than a few people have been unpleasantly surprised that we indeed do have some rather frigid weather in the offing at times. Witness the “Arctic Blast” that set tongues to wagging a mere few years ago. If rivers in the Midwest get 100-year floods, that cold snap was likely our “100-year freeze.” Take it as a sign that Winter - even Winter here - can be unpredictable and subject all life forms to its many faces. An Arizona Winter is anything but conventional when compared to the vast majority of the rest of the U.S. True, we are often one of the warmest regions in the country during this dark season, yet that generally holds true for only the lower elevations here. Climb any sizable range and temperatures will soon dip beyond any outsider's reasonable expectation of how a southern Arizona Winter should play out. Even 70- degree days down low are often accompanied by nights in the 30s or 40s. Wild 40 - 50 degree temperature swings punctuate the climate owing largely to the lack of humidity, which would otherwise serve to trap daytime heat. Further, Winter is a time when we traditionally (italics due to the apparent change in long-term climate due to Global Warming) receive about 30% of our annual rainfall. Make it a la Niña Winter, and kiss much of that precipitation goodbye. Experience a rather rare el Niño event, then dust off the paddle and canoe, as your local arroyo may become a Class-4 whitewater run! Any Winter may see a dusting of snow down low to whiteout conditions and a heavy snowpack up in the mountains. Placid, sunny days in the 70s or even 80s can rapidly morph into overcast, gusty/ blustery ones in the blink of an eye. Look for that halo around the Moon (termed a Moon Dog) to signal such a change - generally 3 - 4 days hence and often accompanied by rain.

How, then, do the myriad of plants and animals that populate the Sky Islands deal with the vagaries of our moody Winter? As with characterizing the season itself, the answer is rather complex. Here I treat it with a rather broad brush and a necessarily oversimplified approach. I have created logical, yet simple categories within which to assign various species - both plants and animals - based on their behavioral and/or physiological responses to Winter. All this in an attempt to make heads and tails out of Nature during our coldest months. Note that more

than a few species could easily fit into several of my contrived categories. Mesquite is a prime example, where some individuals may retain many leaves throughout the Winter, whereas others drop them in response to drought and/or lack of precipitation. CATEGORY I. Stay the course

Perhaps the most brilliant - all things being subjective - approach to Winter adaption exhibited by various flora and fauna here is to simply carry on as usual. A select group of plants and wildlife visibly do little different to adapt to the cold and variable conditions of Winter, yet thrive nonetheless. In the plant realm think for example of various Juniper species. These evergreen conifers can put on some growth in Winter and may even harbor developing cones (the so-called Juniper Berries), yet mostly they hold on - nice and steady. Likewise, all but 2 of our 13 species of Oaks hold onto their “evergreen” or drought deciduous leaves, opting to shed them only if Spring proves to be too parched. Higher up, add Pines, Spruces, and Firs to this rather unwavering mix of trees. At much lower elevations Desert Broom remains stolidly evergreen. In Mesquite woodlands Greythorn remains steadfast, yet can assume various guises. Some plants will retain leaves, others will be leafless, and yet others may even put new on leaves given sufficient rain.

On the animal front many birds and mammals, being endothermic or warm-blooded, are adept at staying active in Winter and many of them have evolved to stay put in the Sky Islands. Mexican Jays are rather sedentary for winged creatures and go around in tight bands of related birds in their breeding territories. They don't really “leave home” despite the change in weather. This makes sense as their habitat is rife with the aforementioned trees that also fall in this category - Pines, Junipers, and Oaks. Bewick's Wrens still ply thickets and Mesquite trees in search of insects despite the apparent brevity of this food source. No doubt they rely heavily upon pupating insects, larvae, and the relatively few species of Winter-active invertebrates. Mammals lead the way in staying put and active throughout Winter, save for a relative handful mentioned below. All Canids, Felids, Procyonids, Skunks, Cervids, Lagomorphs, Insectivores, Bovids, and many Rodents remain active throughout Winter, though some exhibit other survival strategies as well. What can adjust within this steady approach are the daily activity patterns of various species. Cold, for example, may necessitate being active at different times of the day than the heat of Summer. A Mule Deer that understandably shuns the fierce, midday sun in June may well amble about or at least lay in the warm noontime sun of Winter. Likewise, many species in concert with this behavioral adjustment shift their habitat preferences. Incidentally, most Arizona Fish, as far as I am aware, adhere to this life history in Winter. This is owing to the rather steady nature of water when it comes to fluctuating temperatures.


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

CATEGORY II. Migrate

At the polar opposite of the Category I species are those that take leave of Arizona and head for more amenable latitudes. Of course we're strictly talking wildlife here, unless you've seen a tree walking by lately! Quite a few of our breeding birds head even further south to escape the cold. Mostly this translates into following the warm weather south to maintain a specific diet, especially an insectivorous one. Overall caloric intake can be dramatically increased by heading south despite the obvious energy drain associated with migration. Further, warmer daily temperatures in the South drain calories slower from the bodies of birds. Many so-called Neotropical migrants such as Thrushes, Tanagers, Wood Warblers, Vireos and even some Raptors leave southeast Arizona in Winter, pursuing optimal foraging at lower latitudes. Still a few species of each of these groups typically linger in the Sky Islands, such as Hutton's Vireo, Hermit Thrushes, Hepatic Tanagers, Yellow-rumped Warblers, and American Kestrels. While most mammals are quite sedentary when held up to the standards of bird travel, some do indeed leave us in Winter. Bats are the only mammals capable of true flight and some species take full advantage of this fact by finding their own Winter haven away from Arizona. Lesser Long-nosed Bats vacate our state in Fall and Winter and head to Mexico where food resources - primarily flower nectar and pollen - are still available. Mexican Freetail Bats also make a move south, though some do winter in the southern part of the state. Arizona hosts more species of Bats than any other state, save Texas, which cheats by being so dang big and dipping even further south! As such, their life histories range from migratory, active year round, and to hibernation. CATEGORY III. Hibernate/Shut Down

Speaking of Bats... Staying in the Sky Islands in Winter does not necessitate staying active. Most of our terrestrial ectothermic vertebrates - think Amphibians and Reptiles - completely shut down due to the cold. Find a hollow tree if you're a Clark's Spiny Lizard and just hang out until warmer weather prevails. Whiptails and many other Lizard species opt for ground burrows mainly in their annual effort at avoiding Winter. Cold is diminished in such subterranean lairs where more even temperatures prevail. Western Diamondbacked Rattlesnakes, meanwhile, head for traditional hibernaculums - caves, burrows, and the like - to wait out the foul weather. Likewise, a large percentage of our amphibians spend this time underground where temperatures are greatly ameliorated compared with those above ground. For Spadefoot Toads Winter is just another season to wait it out until Monsoon rains once again furnish them with temporary breeding pools. Some Mammal species too shut down their metabolism only to revive it when warm weather returns. Though some Bat species do indeed migrate, others have evolved to hibernate in response to cold weather. Caves, grottos, hollow trees, old buildings, and the like serve as admirable hibernation sites for species including the Cave Myotis - a prominent one at Katchner Caverns State Park. Black Bear, though not traditional hibernators, do often “den up” between November and March in Arizona, occasionally venturing forth during warm Winter days.

In the “believe it or not” category for hibernating local wildlife is the Poorwill, a type of Goatsucker (don't ask) or Nightjar. These strange birds enter such a

deep torpor for weeks to months that the people who initially found some Winter birds thought them dead! This is the only bird on the planet known to be in a state of near hibernation at times.

The analog of hibernation or torpor in plants is to lose your leaves or to die to the ground. Quite a few plant species follow this evolutionary strategy. Southeast Arizona is home to a fair number of deciduous trees such as Netleaf Hackberry, Arizona Walnut, Velvet Ash, and many others that shed leaves at the onset of cold weather in Autumn. They remain leafless until late Winter or Spring - species and elevation-specific when once again they proffer their foliage to the Sun. CATEGORY IV. Winter Breeders

Despite the seemingly less than stellar conditions for reproduction, some species employ Winter as their sole or primary breeding time. Certain Bats, Black Bear, Great horned Owls, and even insects bring forth their next generation during our coldest season. Even some plants, such as a shrubby Senecio found by Patagonia Lake and certain Verbenas put forth flowers in the dead of Winter. Warnock's Condalia sets fruit in January and February, making a tasty treat for passers by, including this Naturalist. CATEGORY V. Migrate to the Sky Islands

Just as with a large contingency of humans that yearly head south to enjoy our relative warmth (you may be a “snowbird” yourself ) many species of Birds and even Bats come hither to wait out an even more precarious Winter further North. Sparrows of seemingly countless species Winter here, foraging

on grass, Amaranth, and other seeds. In certain years Lawrence's Goldfinches do a longitudinal migration from California, where temperatures seem at least as benign. Perhaps our food resources are the trump card again. Ducks by the dozens become regular denizens in our local waterways and Sandhill Cranes quickly populate the Sulphur Springs Valley by the tens of thousands. Winter Raptors, such as Ferruginous Hawks, normally not found here color the birding landscape as well. CATEGORY VI. Altitudinal Migration

My final category concerns those species that shift elevations in an effort to elude the worst that mountains have to offer in Winter. Eastern Bluebirds slink down slopes seeking more sunny sylvan scenes. So too do diminutive Ruby-crowned Kinglets, Stellar's Jays, Red-naped Sapsuckers, Red-shafted Flickers, etc... Are the Kinglets, for instance, that we see in our Mesquite Groves coming from local mountains or have they migrated from much further north? Or is it a mix of the two? Given our complex mix of Winteradapted species in the Sky Islands, artificial categories and educated guesses are often all we have to lean upon! Vincent Pinto and his wife, Claudia, run RAVENSWAY WILD JOURNEYS. RWWJ is dedicated to the preservation of the incredible biodiversity in the Sky Islands via Nature Adventures and Educational programs. You can call Vincent at (520) 425-6425 or e-mail at ravensnatureschool@gmail.com


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

“UPA CHALUPA,” HOP ON BOARD YOUR DREAM

believe what stops us from fulfilling our dreams are typically fears, the thought that good things can only be obtained at a high price, or perhaps the belief that dreams are just that and we patiently wait for good experiences to come to us. Taking time off from work, giving up comforts and changing routines to develop an idea, to travel or to start a new career are hard to conceive of. Sometimes, life mishaps such as losing a job, will force us to make these decisions, but other times a little inspiration is all it takes.

I hope the story of “Upa Chalupa,” lived by Victor Millán and Carola Teixido, does just that for those hesitating to take that next step. Millán, 36, and Teixido, 33 , are a Chilean couple who have been traveling for the last five and a half months by land in

by Paula Beemer

their 1996 Ford F250 truck and a 1997 Sun Lite pop-up camper that they refer to as “home.”

Motivated by the desire to see the world and the understanding that taking time off from their “traditional lifestyle” was not going to make a negative difference for themselves or anyone else, they made the decision to move to Canada with a holiday working visa.

The return home was then envisioned and now is taking place. It’s what most of us would considered “crazy,” but at the same time “amazing” They would drive up to Alaska and then all the way down to Patagonia, Chile.

The plan is to cover approximately 31,000 miles and visit 19 countries. The time to complete this journey is impossible to determine, but they expect no less than one more year, they explained.

To make the challenge even more unusual, they modified their vehicle to operate with vegetable oil as an alternative fuel, taking advantage of the benefits of its use, a clean fuel, recycled, and in most cases free.

It seems like a perfect deal, but it comes with hard work to obtain the oil, the couple explained. They spend time and energy going from restaurant to restaurant asking for it. They must test it for water, filter it, and of course, they must deal with the sticky and dirty mess that this element can create. They also had to accept the fact that the smell of fried food would always accompany them!

Getting the oil was an easy task in Canada where restaurants pay companies to dispose it, but in the United States it’s a little different because the demand for the product has

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A HOME???

(Facing page, left) Tubac is where the couple found a little heaven and decided to stay a little longer than originally planed. "It feels just like home!," said Teixido. (Facing page, right) Victor Millán, Carola Teixido, have particularly enjoyed their visit to DOS and meeting owners, Cliff and Celeste Wisdom.

increased so much that now the businesses trying to get rid of it are the ones being paid. Although they have experienced a little more rejection than what was planned, they managed to make it across the country. The couple will be in Tubac until the middle of January, it being one of the last stops in the U.S. before crossing to Mexico via Nogales.

So far they have covered 12,200 miles and have used 711 gallons of recycled oil with an average of 17 miles per gallon.

Because every adventure has a name, choosing something representative of their way of life or who they are, they decided on “Upa Chalupa,” an expression commonly used in Chile to say “let’s just do it” in an spontaneous manner. The word “upa” is perhaps an Anglicism meaning “up” and “chalupa,” in Chile refers to a small boat, so in literal terms it would mean, “hop on board.” That is exactly what they said to each other when the idea was presented.

Perhaps what most people wonder is how can they afford to live an experience of this nature. The answer can be summarized into focus, conviction, creativity and selfconfidence.

Focusing on the goal of raising $20,000 made the efforts and sacrifices possible. Millán and Teixedo were working seven days a week and long hours for a year, during which they commmitted to frugal spending and mandatory savings. Acting with conviction and being certain that what they are doing has value to our world backs them up as they reach out for sponsors and oil donors.

So far, they have received contributions from two major companies, The Adventure Group in Whistler, Canada, who donated the complete system for solar operation in the camper and Torklift International in Washington who contribute the tie downs and turn buckles to attach the camper to the truck.

Putting their creativity to work has helped them generate additional funds along the way. They put together a series of postcards that they offer in exchange for donations. Also, they continue to work on their computers as professional graphic designers for clients in Chile. They believe that material things don’t make you a better person and that it is okay to wear the same clothing for a few days and it is fine to live with little. As I see it, achieving this goal is just like embarking in a business venture. It requires constant planning, evaluation, strategy

development, marketing to reach out to investors, better known as sponsors and supporters and the strength to endure difficult times. At the end it is all for a profit, in this case, not a monetary one, but intellectual and spiritual.

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Overall, Millán emphasized that money will never be the reason to stop dreaming and achieving goals, especially this one!

He also explains his view on fears saying, “No one is free of them, but it is important to break away from these ties. Most people wonder, what will happen with my career, my house, my family, but after a year not much changes. Also, what is a year when our life expectancy is 75? This is a year that we devote to nothing but personal growth.” He speaks with authority in the matter as this is not his first time and neither is it hers.

They both have traveled before for long periods of times through Australia, New -Zealand, Asia and in the case of Millán, also, Europe. Millán believes that for them the time to experience life this way is now, when being in their 30’s they have the energy to do it and the time to rebuild their finances. Teixido nodded in agreement.

Among the most rewarding aspects of their travels have been the warmth received from the people along the way and among the most difficult issues that the couple must face are dealing with unexpected expenses and being away from their families.

As whether or not is hard to travel on a budget, in a tight space and in the constant company of each other they agree that having clear roles keeps the peace and the operation in order. Having one another is crucial in keeping the spirit up, they said.

They both love their self-assigned tasks, they feel so natural, they realized. Among Millán’s roles are the driving, the maintenance and the cooking and Teixido will navigate, do most of the public relations and keep their blog, website and Facebook page up-to-date. They have a growing number of followers who actively participate in their online pages, asking questions, wishing them well and in many cases living the adventure virtually with them. Readers can hop on board their dream and travel along by visiting their website www.upachalupa.org where they can find out more information about their route, photo galleries and more.

(Note: Paula Beemer is a native of Chile and has lived in Tubac since 1998.)

14 Tubac Rd 16 Plaza Rd


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

The Borderlands PhoTograPher by Murray Bolesta

A Celebration of the Borderlands Part 9

A New Year January in the borderlands conceals nature unleashed. As a new year is born, a renewal of nature isn’t yet obvious to the casual observer. Things on the ground appear gray, brown, and dormant. But young life underneath is preparing to spring up: rainfall this month and last will vitalize later wildflower blossoms. We always pray for rain, especially these past years as Arizona endures its most withering, long-term drought in recorded history, but the vibrant wildflower carpet coming soon depends on moisture happening now. For almost a year, I’ve ambled across the calendar by featuring images that were photographed in years past during the month of this article’s publication. Now, nearing the end of my twelve-month romp, this month’s article finds itself at the peak of seasonal human migration to Tubac, and at the bottom of the seasonal temperature curve. Since our low temperatures are akin to the highs of the northlands, this mild weather forms an irresistible invitation to step out and enjoy all the unique hallmarks of the borderlands. While wildflower and grass seedlings are preparing for their seasonal burst here, a natural migratory extravaganza graces the Sulphur Springs Valley, east of Tubac near Willcox. Clouds of Sandhill Cranes fill the skies and descend to earth at Willcox Playa, a wetlands remnant of ancient Lake Cochise. The borderlands photographer jumps at the chance to witness such outdoor delights, grabs a hat and anything that shoots pictures, and wastes no time capturing the charms of southern Arizona.


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

Night Vision #1

In the late 17th century, Mission San Xavier del Bac was built to serve the needs of the village of Wa:k, in today’s San Xavier District of the Tohono O’odham Nation. Now an active Catholic Diocese, the church and grounds are among the most popular subjects for photography and original art in Arizona. But on a winter night this destination receives few visitors. This, of course, provides just the right condition for the intrepid borderlands photographer outfitted with an extra layer for warmth. A tripod is also brought along for time exposures. In this image, thin, high clouds add an artful texture to the January sky as movement of the earth draws starry streaks.

Santa Ritas from East

This panoramic photo shows a light blanket of snow covering the higher eastern elevations of our mighty Santa Rita mountains, sadly endangered by new open-pit mining threats. Most people see the other side, to the west in the Santa Cruz River Valley, due to Interstate 19 and population centers, but these eastern ramparts provide a fine view from a higher plateau. This landscape is part of a biotic community called Upper Sonoran, a range of elevation that includes oak woodland, chaparral, and desert grassland. Technically prairie, this sweeping vista is the home of big, historic ranches and epic western Hollywood movies.

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California Gulch is a rugged avenue to the vast, stark, and wild Arizona-Mexico borderlands to the west of Nogales. In this image, a tiny road snakes through the lower right, providing scale to the magnificence of this country. Sometimes, a widescreen landscape array is the best format for you, the borderlands photographer, to portray this immense land.

Wing Tip

Not all of the attractions in the borderlands are natural. In this picture, a vintage Cadillac pokes its tail fin into a shot of the winter cottonwoods growing along the Santa Cruz River in Tubac. The winter season in southern Arizona often brings enthusiasts together to show off their prized automobiles. Whether or not you enjoy old cars, their curves and angles provide a handy vehicle for the photographer’s artful expression. Murray Bolesta is an art and heritage photographer, and has written this column since 2007. Murray supports the preservation of our natural, rural, and cultural heritage, and offers his art prints to individuals and institutions worldwide from his website www.CactusHuggers.com and other venues.

19 Tubac Road 520-398-2805 520 398 2805 Second location over the footbridge www.sweetpoppy.webs.com


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

WATOTO CHILDREN'S CHOIR

BEAUTIFUL AFRICA CALL FOR LETTERS OF INTEREST TO SERVE ON THE TUBAC HISTORIC ZONE ADVISORY BOARD In February of 2014, three (3) positions will open on the Tubac Historic Zone Advisory Board (THZAB) In order to be eligible for appointment to this Board, a person must either live within or near the Tubac Historic Zone and/or possess special knowledge of building design, construction or the history of the area Members will be appointed by the Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors to serve for two years The THZAB reviews development and design plans involving the erection or construction of new buildings, structures or signs or the modification, addition, alteration, moving or demolition of existing structures or signs located within the historic zone All meetings of the advisory board are public If you are interested in being considered for the THZAB, please submit a letter of interest and résumé to Mary Dahl, Director, Santa Cruz County Department of Community Development, 275 Rio Rico Drive, Rio Rico, AZ 85648 or via e-mail at mdahl@co santacruz az us Letters should include information on your qualifications to be on the Board The deadline for submitting letters of interest is Thursday, January 30, 2014

Six Month Smiles Straight Teeth in Six Months


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

THE CHURCH AT TUBAC

SPONSORS CONCERT BY WATOTO CHILDREN'S CHOIR “BEAUTIFUL AFRICA� Words and photographs by Paula Beemer

L

earning about people from other continents is enthralling, and when it involves children with lovely singing voices, the attraction is strong. The Church at Tubac sponsored a concert by the Watoto Children's Choir and their show “Beautiful Africa� at the Sahuarita High School auditorium in mid-December.

More than 20 children ages 6-13 and adult supervisors from Uganda, ambassadors of the intriguing continent, brought the attendees to tears not only with their beautiful voices and songs, but with the stories they shared. Stories of losing father and mother to war or to AIDS, feeling unworthy of love, hopeless and without dreams. Then came the transformation to being faithful, feeling loved and safe, all thanks to the Watoto program.

“I no longer go to bed hungry,� “Now I have a family,� “I am going to be a teacher,� “I am going to be a lawyer.� Those were all sentences spoken by these children with a smile that clearly showed gratitude and hope.

Beautiful Africa is put together and presented around the world to create awareness of the situation in Africa, to obtain support for the cause and also as a way to offer the children the opportunity to see the world.

To be part of the choir, the children audition and then they embark onto a seven-month experience of traveling non-stop. The 2013 tour started in Europe where they spent three months and will end in the U.S. in May.

Those who attended the performance were given the opportunity to become sponsors for as little as $35 a month, and also they offered beautiful hand-crafted African items for sale, music CD, t-shirts, photo books and more. But those who didn’t attend can still experience it by visiting their website www.watoto.com where they have music samples, information about the program, statistics, opportunities to help, reports and much more.

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Watoto children’s choir is part of the Watoto Children’s Ministry, a Christian initiative through the Watoto Church in Uganda. It was founded in 1994 by Gary and Marilyn Skinner after seeing the outrageous number of children and women in Uganda living in terrible despair.

“We exist to raise the next generation of African leaders by pursuing excellence in academic and practical skills, integrity and conduct and moral values so that each one becomes a responsible Christian and a productive citizen,� as written in their organization’s website.

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

LOST AND FOUND by Carol Egmont St. John

2014! How about that? Yesterday is gone, gone, gone.

longer be able to rebel? Will there be no more trysts, no more deviant behaviors, no dwarves and no giants?

Remember the days of downtowns and personally owned stores like Adams’ Drugs and Anderson’s Sport’s; the old wooden drawers and cluttered shelves at Big Ed’s Hardware? Remember fiscal reality when fund drives built a playground or improved a school? Remember when we built roads and paid for with tolls instead of taxes? When we actually made sacrifices fo war? Remember the milkmen and the bread men who delivered Remember going to museums and understanding the art we found there? Remember toys that were silent and simple like the frisbee and the hula hoop?

Cars are being designed to drive themselves, planes already do. But is this what we want? Do we really hope to escape our disasters and foibles? What happens liminate the they and we and become an us? I suspect it will be …boring like malls all over the United States, with the same kie cutter stores and the same fast food restaurants. Boring as geless faces plucked and stuck and perfected in denial of time. Boring as planned neighborhoods that reject color. Boring as art can become when its soul is removed and it is mass produced.

Oh, yes, I can wax nostalgic on all these things. But not so much about the good ol’ days of religious intolerance and women’s subordination. Not so much about child labor and the violence that preceded school integration. Not so much about laws that worked only for the privileged. Not so much for unsafe items that made one person rich while others suffered. Not so much for medical ignorance or inaccessibility. Not so much the invisibly hungry souls. Good riddance to these

We have progressed! Now we are in a time where most of us are found. We exist in the data of the cars we drive, the smart and st cellphones we use; the items we order on line and the bank cards with which we pay. We are recorded shopping for aspirin, baby clothes, and booze. We can’t hide anymore. Nope. We are found. Look at all the cameras at the Boston Marathon, the films of bystanders. Think of your neighbor’s security camera, their alarms, their stints and prints and Facebook pages. We are skyped, typed and scanned. We are found. Sometimes crudely exposed, sometimes doing a good deed. No one is truly anonymous anymore. We are found.

Do we really want a transparent world where secrets cannot hide? Are we safer knowing the comings and goings of our fellow humans? Is it impossible for the innocent to remain oblivious, the isolationist to remain distant? Soon we will all have chips installed in our brains. They will have the capabilities of describing our medical histories, genetic imperfections and susceptibilities. Beyond that, will we be engineered to approach the world’s idea of perfection? Will blondes really have more fun? The fetus can be manipulated. A Down Syndrome gene has been isolated and will be targeted, backs may be straightened and hearts mended in the womb. But, will we become like the hard rock, tasteless tomatoes that now dominate the market place? Will we no

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Brian Kniff, DDS.

I suspect future surprises will be force fed and dramatic; as dramatic as the ravines formed by earthquakes, islands spewed by volcanoes, seas changed by weather, perhaps a meteor strike. Deserts will grow and glow with unrelenting heat and winds blow with inexhaustible energy leaving rubble in their wake. Forests will burn and wells go dry. There will be hose who are shocked that they can no longer look to the oceans seas for nutrition and viability. Pretense about the stability O2 and its promise of a reliable life support system within the re has to be replaced with a new commitment.

But, hey, we have invented some amazing toys, robotic playmates, lightfield cameras, Japan’s Possessed Hand. We are identifying genes for cancer, Parkinson’s and Altzheimer’s. We are advancing robotic limbs for those soldiers who couldn’t come marching home. Our escape industries are doing well, also. While the federal space programs are thwarted, wealthy adventurers can buy a ticket to the moon. The rest of us can watch it on Youtube or spend an entire day finding old sweethearts or checking for patents of an invention we conjured up during the night. Paintings can be done without paint on computer screens. Virtual theater, dance and art, up close and personal, minus the challenge of weather or parking spaces is easy and affordable. Go to Europe with Rick Steves. Go to sea with NOAA. We are all world travelers now, living on the edge if we so choose. As the universe keeps expanding we have to expand with it, our minds stretching and our wisdom adapting to ever-changing reality. 2014 may be a mere dot in time, but it is our dot and our time, so we will rise with gratitude and intention. Happy New Year Illustration: "The Eye of Lenox" ceramic tile mosaic plate by Joseph Birkett.


Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

Tu b a c B u s i n e s s B r i e f s : N e w B u s i n e s s e s o n O t e r o

RARE EARTH STUDIO

by Kathleen Vandervoet

paintings, photography

Working artists, husband and wife Ken and Carolyn Wayland, create exciting visual offerings at Rare Earth Studio off the courtyard at 6 Camino Otero. Carolyn was a high school art teacher in the Pacific Northwest for 30 years and said she’s thrilled to now have time for her own art work. She paints abstract scenes in acrylic.

Her work is vibrant with color and motion and she uses symbols to convey the concepts she’s interested in, she said. “I really tend to the abstract. I like to use warm colors such as red, orange and yellow. She gives thought to her creations: “I don’t want to do representational painting. What calls me is something to meditate on.” The couple was winter visitors for the past five years, but they sold their Pacific Northwest home and now reside in Tubac

full-time. Their home isn’t large enough for both to work on their art projects, so having a studio also provides the space for a gallery to which they invite visitors. Ken, who retired from an engineering career, is a photographer and some of his pieces are now being enlarged through giclee printing which results in large art pieces suitable for framing.

He said he “has a passion for nature” so the photography helps him explore that and at the same time, gives him an excuse to be outdoors. The result is spectacular scenery of Southwest locations. Wayland uses a Nikon D 800 camera and purchased a large color printer for the studio where he can work on projects. Rare Earth Studio is open daily except Monday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. For information, call (520) 398-3272.

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GYPSY COWGIRL resale clothing

Doreen Anderson recently opened Gypsy Cowgirl in Tubac and said it was the 10 years of working at the now-closed Cowboy’s Sweetheart that paved the way for this new store which sells women’s casual clothing, all gently used or nearly new. Located in the plaza at 6 Camino Otero, the shop is entered from a tree-shaded courtyard. Inside are denim pants, denim jackets, fringed leather jackets, T shirts, blouses, and more. Eye-catching leather cowboy boots are lined up on the floor, and a small number of leather purses swing from the edges of display cabinets. Everything in the store is there on consignment, Anderson explained. She happened on the business model while working at Cowboy’s Sweetheart. When the economy took a plunge, shoppers dried up. She wrote this explanation:

“During this time I noticed an ad for a ‘vintage’ division of ‘Free People,’ an edgy and very ‘with it’ clothing line. I got online and couldn't believe the prices they were getting.   “An old pair of overalls went for $400 and an old Ralph Lauren jean jacket was priced at $1,500.  I thought...wow! We could do this.”

She said with the approval of the owner of Cowboy’s Sweetheart, “and the help of my daughter who scouted out eBay, thrift shops and garage sales, I opened up a little vintage corner in Cowboy's Sweetheart and it turned out to be a successful venture.” With that success, Anderson felt confident in opening her own store in October. For information, call (520) 3983000. The store is open Tuesdays through Saturdays, from 11 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and Sundays from noon to 4:30 p.m.

$4,900 30

Join Us During the Tubac Festival of the Arts, Feb. 5 - 9 Glass sculpture artist, Robert Sanders Demonstrations by Navajo Silversmiths Monroe & Lillie Ashley Feb. 3 - 9


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

55TH TUBAC FESTIVAL OF THE ARTS FEBRUARY 5-9, 10 AM – 5 PM DAILY

The 55th annual Tubac Festival of the Arts, Arizona’s longest running festival, will be held on February 5 – 9. 2014 from 10 am to 5 pm each day; admission is free.

A juried show, the Tubac Festival of the Arts features 175 art booths with artists from around the country. The festival features a range of artwork from fine painting and sculpture to fun and functional ceramics, skillfully crafted wood and leatherworks and shimmering glass. Visitors will also see photography, unique jewelry, artful clothing and mixed media works.

Executive Director, Angela Kirkner states: “this is a quality show which has something for everyone. We have fine art, foods and gourmet products”. Each year Tubac experiences a unique synergy between the village’s resident shops and galleries and the artists from around the country whose works line the streets for five days.

Festival attendees will find several parking lots both in and adjacent to the event. Throughout the

festival, free trolley service takes visitors to and from the parking lots and around Tubac village. The horse-drawn carriages delight attendees of all ages. The food court offers a variety of ethnic and regional foods including Greek, Frybread, Asian and Southwestern cuisine. Also on hand will be festival favorites such as barbeque, burgers, corn dogs, curly fries, funnel cakes, ice cream, kettle and fresh corn and fresh squeezed lemonade. Visitors can take home treats including gourmet pastas, fudge, spices, salsas, honey, roasted nuts, garlic specialties, jams and jellies.

Admission is free. Parking is $8 per car, all parking proceeds benefit local nonprofit organizations. Located south of Tucson at Exist 34 and 40 on I – 19, Tubac is a haven for art, history and nature lovers. The Tubac Festival of the Arts is presented by the Tubac Chamber of Commerce. For more information, contact the Chamber at (520) 398-2704 or visit their website www.tubacaz.com.

HIKING/YOGA CLASS E VER Y  TU ESDAY A T

with Pamela

9:00 A M 

- 90 minutes -

How about a hike which includes intervals of yoga poses designed to stretch, strengthen, and re-focus on breath? We leave from the Tubac Recreation Center at 9:00am or Evolution Dance Studio at 9:10am.

Learn more at: www.marathonhealthandwellness.com or call 628-9287 for more info. All Levels Welcome - Cost $8


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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

Tubac Rotary celebrates 20 years

Tubac, Arizona

Capture The Fine Art Of Living Well Ÿ 4-5+ acres parcels Ÿ Gated Subdivision & Beautiful Entries Ÿ Wide Paved Roads Ÿ Unparalleled Mountain Views Ÿ Underground Utilities Ÿ Nestled in the Foothills of Tubac Ÿ Many Floor Plans to Choose From Ÿ Lot Financing Available Ÿ Parcels Range from $75,000 to $250,000 Ÿ Two miles from the town-center

Home and Lot Packages From $299,000

Photos provided by the Tubac Rotary Club, clockwise from top: Induction of Kelly Cooper as a Tubac Rotary Club member by District Governor Nancy Cassel. President Martha Eckhart cutting Tubac Rotary 20th Anniversary cake. Paul Harris Fellowships awarded to Paul Trautman and Paul Cisek recognizing their support for the Tubac Rotary Club. Past President Jeff Horwitz receiving the 100% Participation Award from District Governor Nancy Cassel.

by Kathleen Vandervoet The Tubac Rotary Club threw a party in December to celebrate its 20th anniversary. The club, a stalwart participant in many worthwhile activities in the area, has had strong success in fundraising and making donations.

President Martha Eckhart said the club has been an important part of her life. “I like helping people as much as we can, and being with people.” She said club members “get along very well” with each other.

Attending the anniversary party held at the Tubac Golf Resort were Nancy Cassel, Governor of Rotary’s Southern Arizona District 55, and two Rio Rico residents who are assistant district governors, Blaine Moyers and John Gruenemeier, along with Phil Silvers of Green Valley, a past Rotary International director.

The Tubac club was chartered Dec. 8, 1993, said member Judith Noyes, who has a copy of the charter and names of the charter members. She said the Tubac club was originally part of the Rio Rico/Tubac Rotary Club which was started in 1988. The Tubac group’s charter members, Noyes said, as listed on the back of the charter document, included Karl Steinhaus, Donna Culpepper, Roy Culpepper, Alfred Thayer, Al

(520)625-7146 ROC #57246/103998

Bernardi, Clyde Gray, Yvonne Simmonds, Jack Markley, Gary Brasher, Bob Williams and Tom Barbre.

The Tubac Rotary Club supports non-profit groups and gives scholarships to Rio Rico High School seniors each year, Eckhart said.

The main fundraiser is “Taste of Tubac” which will be on Saturday, April 5, this year. She said that’s a change due to scheduling issues; the fundraiser in the past was held on a Sunday.

Last year’s “Taste of Tubac” drew hundreds of people and raised about $15,000. This year there will be more restaurants participating, she said, for a total of about 16.

Rotary International connects 1.2 million members from more than 200 countries and geographical areas. Their work impacts lives at both the local and international levels, from helping families in need in their own communities to working toward a polio-free world. The Tubac Rotary Club meets every Friday at 8 a.m. at the Tubac Golf Resort restaurant and visitors are welcome, Noyes said. For information, contact membership chairman Byron Thompson at (520) 398-2524 or tubachouse@hotmail.com.

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

Hello All You Dear Readers! Did you think Christmas was over?  Silly us--it's ahead of us, it's in our heart, it's coming agin, it lives within, it is forever.   Okay, so it's January and I wish all of you my dear ones, a wonderful New Year! "Before you make a useless resolution, it's just goes in one year and out the other."

I moved to Tubac 20 years ago lived in my trailer at the Tubac Trailer Tether, worked at Tosh's restaurant and at OutWest, a very high-end women's western clothing store.  Fed hundreds of birds, my daughter, Claire, was only a couple miles away, life was good.  After a series of falls and missteps, I began losing my balance and Claire insisted I move into her 'casita' and thus, here I am, in the desert, under the huge mesquite tree, mountains enclosing me and loving every moment of each day. This is the 10th year I have been writing for the Villager and it has been my salvation.  

Yesterday I received a letter from Mary Lowery who lives in Tumacacori.  She enjoys my column and had lived in Rogers, Arkansas for 12 years. She knew all about the Tyson chicken trucks, the industry itself and Rogers. That's where I came from over 20 years ago and Mary was smitten by the story of Gertrude.   Mary had baby chicks when she was recovering  from chicken pox and she and her grandfather would play with the chicks while at his farm. So good of you to share your story about chickens--You can never tell when you'll find a new friend.   You can read Gertrude the Chicken's story online at: www.facebook.com/tubacvillager or in online magazine format: www.issuu.com/tubacvillager/docs/july-august_2012_villager_ Thank you ever so much, Mary. Recipes:

Dot's Chicken and Dumplings Cook small whole chicken in crock pot.  7-9 hours on low with 1/2 cup liquid, water or white wine.  1/2 medium onion and salt.

When done, remove chicken from bones, pour liquid into large sauce pan.  add chicken pieces to broth and bring to boil.  Cut 5 or 6 7" tortilla into one nice squares.  Drop in boiling broth and cover.  Cook 10 minutes without removing cover.

Banana Pudding

Beat one egg:add 1/2 cup sugar, 2Tbls flour and one cup milk.  Cook over low hear until thickened.  Cool.

Alternate layers of cut-up bananas and vanilla wafers.  Pour cooked mixture over bananas/wafers.  refrigerate, eat and enjoy!

Mary Ann Smithson's Casserole Kid Friendly Tuna Casserole 3 cups cooked noodles 1 lg can Albacore tuna 1 can cream of celery soup 1 cup sour cream 1 cup milk 1 cup frozen peas 1 cup grated cheddar potato chips

Mix all ingredients except potato chips.  Crush enough chips to cover casserole.  Kids will love it and adults too, creamy and good.

Make Ahead Lettuce Salad 1 small head iceberg lettuce, cut into small pieces 1 small cauliflower, broken into pieces 1 cup mayo 1 bunch green onions, chopped 12 lbs bacon, cooked until crisp, then crumbled 1 can water chestnuts, drained and cut up1/2 cup grated Parmesan cheese 1/3 cup sugar

In a 9"X13" pan, layer all ingredients and then sprinkle with sugar.  Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate 24 hours.  Toss gently before serving,  Serves many, satisfies all!

"Out of the mouths of babes come words we shouldn't have said in the first place."

If your lips would keep from slipping, 5 things to observe with care: To whom you speak, of whom you speak, and how, when and where!

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Tu b a c Vi l l a g e r J a n u a r y 2 0 1 4

THE ART OF HEALTH by Jennifer Bek

O

nce again it’s time for those annual New Year’s resolutions. I’ve read that the number one most common resolution is “LOSE WEIGHT! “ I know it was mine for many years . . . and I was always successful in losing the same 10 to 20 pounds I had lost each and every year before! After all, I didn’t resolve to keep it off ! Sound familiar?

You can crash diet, pay to join a weight-loss group, detox, skip meals, go on a fast, reduce portions, starve yourself, take out a new gym membership, or sign up for a 5K race and you will probably find you are repeating that same old resolution the next year. Losing and then maintaining a weight loss are best achieved through life-style change.

Here’s the new idea! Keep the gym membership and 5K thoughts, but skip all the fad diets and decide to “eat to be healthy” by adopting a whole food (no processed foods), plant-strong diet while avoiding sugar, salt and lots of fats. The bonus is . . . both Dr. Dean Ornish, author of the NY Times bestseller The Spectrum, and Dr. Colin Campbell, author of Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease, have shown that by changing to a healthy plant-strong diet, exercising regularly and managing stress, we can not only reverse and/or reduce the risk of heart disease, but also of cancer, diabetes and obesity. It’s a no brainer!!

You can start moving toward healthy eating by eliminating added sugar & salt, eating LOTS of those leafy greens and snacking on fresh fruit and chopped raw veggies. Here’s a healthy slaw recipe that is not only delicious but is easy to make and the leftover dressing can be used on any salad. Let’s all resolve to get the weight off AND get healthier in 2014!

HEALTHY COLESLAW

Cabbage Mixture Dressing

1/2 small head green cabbage, shredded 1/2 head red cabbage, shredded 3 carrots, shredded

3-4 green onions, finely chopped 2 stalks celery, chopped

Fresh cilantro, minced (to taste) 1/2 cup rice vinegar

1/4 cup apple juice concentrate 1/4 cup Tamari Soy Sauce 1-2 Tbsp. minced ginger

1-2 cloves garlic, minced Freshly ground pepper

Shake dressing ingredients in a jar with a tight lid or put in a blender. Add to cabbage mixture sparingly (to taste), saving any extra dressing for other salads or to add to leftover slaw. Sprinkle with dry-roasted peanuts when serving.

#8 Burrel Street



Tubac Villager January 2014