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A Guide to Marine Fisheries Mike Nussman CEO, American Sportfishing Association Presentation for the TRCP Saltwater Media Summit October 23rd, 2013


Striped Bass Population

Fishing Trips


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


Most Popular Outdoor Activities in 2011 by Participation Rate

Most Popular Outdoor Activities in 2011 60

50

40

Participants Age 6+, in millions

30

20

10

0

  

Running

Bicycling

Hiking

Hunting

Canoeing

140 million Americans participate in outdoor recreation $646 billion in outdoor recreation spending Supports 6.1 million jobs

Source: The Outdoor Recreation Economy, Outdoor Industry Association


Sportfishing Facts and Figures      

46 million anglers $115 billion in economic activity annually Supports 828,000 jobs $634 million in fishing license sales $650 million to Sport Fish Restoration Program >90% approval rating


Total U.S. Anglers 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 1991

Source: USFWS

1996

2001

2006

2011


Total U.S. Saltwater Anglers 9.6 9.4 9.2 9 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.2 8 1991

Source: USFWS

1996

2001

2006

2011


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


Fishing down food webs, Pauly et al, 1998

Pauly et al. (1998)


Nature, 2003 “The global ocean has lost more than 90% of large predatory fishes.�

1743 Citations


Science, 2006 Global collapse of all taxa currently fished by 2048

1389 Citations


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


Fishing down food webs, revisited (2010)

Branch et al. (2010) Nature 468:431-435


NOAA's Fish Stock Sustainability Index 650 616

600 550 500 450 400 357.5

350 300 2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012


The Economist “Plenty more fish in the sea” May 26, 2012

“For American fish, this is a good time to be alive. On May 14th the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported that a record six federal fisheries returned to health last year. After a decade of similar progress, 86% of America’s roughly 250 federally monitored commercial fish stocks were not subject to overfishing; 79% were considered healthy.”


How is good fisheries management achieved? Worm et al 2009 suggests the existing “toolbox” is sufficient  There is no “silver bullet”  Neither MPAs or catch shares were either necessary or sufficient  Management success was derived from a broad range of tools including catch and effort limitation, temporary or seasonal closed areas, and effort restrictions 


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


History of Magnuson-Stevens Act 1976 – Established EEZ and ended foreign overfishing  1996 – Addressed overfishing, bycatch and habitat  2006 – Focused on overfishing 


U.S. Saltwater Fishing Statistics Total Saltwater Landings in the U.S. Recreational; 2%

Jobs

455,000 381,000

All Recreational

All Commercial

Commercial Finfish; 98%

Source: Southwick and Associates, data from Fisheries Economics of the United States 2011, NOAA Fisheries


Top 10 Recreational Species, by Landings Striped Bass Spotted Seatrout Red Drum Bluefish Yellowfin Tuna Dolphinfish Atlantic Sheepshead Summer Flounder Atlantic Cod Black Drum 0

5000

10000

15000

Thousand Pounds

Source: Fisheries Economics of the United States 2011, NOAA Fisheries

20000

25000

30000


Top 10 Commercial Species, by Landings Pollock Menhaden Salmon Flatfish Cod Hakes Crabs Squid Shrimp Herring 0

500000

1000000

1500000

2000000

Thousand Pounds

Source: Fisheries Economics of the United States 2011, NOAA Fisheries

2500000

3000000


Outline  Recreational

fishing, big picture  The oceans in crisis  Well, maybe not  Recreational vs. commercial fishing  Where do we go from here?


History of Magnuson-Stevens Act 1976 – Established EEZ and ended foreign overfishing  1996 – Addressed overfishing, bycatch and habitat  2006 – Focused on overfishing  201? – ????????? 


A Guide to Marine Fisheries  

Mike Nussman of the American Sportfishing Association discusses recent marine fisheries trends, how recreational fishing fits in, and how fe...

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