PSM December/January 2017/2018 Edition

Page 1


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Contents: December 2017 / January 2018


Regulars Conversations with leaders Public Works Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko is leading his department's efforts to create jobs and empower women



Profiles in leadership Development Bank of Southern Africa CEO Patrick Dlamini tells us how the bank is investing in infrastructure


Women in the public sector Bongiwe Pityi is taking OR Tambo International Airport to new heights


Trailblazer Air traffic controller Sepedi Sithole helps ensure that aircraft arrive at their destinations safely


In other news News you need to know when you are on the go


Vital statistics Fast facts at your fingertips


Provincial focus Exploring new frontiers in Northern Cape


International relations SA, Angola strengthen relations


Management and professional development Tactical and adaptive management techniques


Public Sector appointments Who is new in government


Financial fitness Bank safely this festive season


Features 44

Tackling gender-based violence Help is at hand for survivors of abuse


NSNP more than just food The National School Nutrition Programme provides meals to millions of learners


Opinion Dr Sandile Buthelezi says the South African National AIDS Council must lead the Prevention Revolution


Unlocking opportunities for businesses An increase in investment is expected in KwaZuluNatal following the launch of the latest InvestSA One Stop Shop


Saving our most precious resource All spheres of government need to be at the forefront of efforts to conserve water


Say no to corruption Delegates at the anti-corruption round table discussion are fighting the scourge in South Africa


Social grant payment challenge resolved The South African Social Security Agency and the South African Post Office have found a solution to the issues related to the payment of social grants.


Coega IDZ leads to jobs The Coega Industrial Development Zone is creating jobs and growing the Eastern Cape economy


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


Lifestyle 76

Health and well-being Adjust your lifestyle to beat diabetes


Grooming and style Cool summer style


Food and wine Simple summer sizzlers


Nice-to-haves Pure indulgence


Travel Experience the magical Maphelane


Car reviews Alfa Romeo Giulia makes its SA debut

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United in the fight against HIV and AIDS


Communications Minister Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane.

hen we look back on the year that was,

Cyril Ramaphosa, launched the country’s National

as public servants we can reflect on many

Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV, TB and STIs 2017-2022.

developments within government that

The NSP is a roadmap for united action to take

make us proud to carry out its work. Among the many strides we’ve made, none can be more significant than our collective efforts to fight the scourge of HIV and AIDS. Recently Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi, in collaboration with a number of international organ-

South Africa’s HIV, TB and STI response to a new level and put us firmly on the path to overcoming these major public health challenges. One of the NSP’s goals is to accelerate prevention to reduce new HIV and TB infections and STIs. Government efforts to tackle HIV and AIDS has

isations and agencies, reached a ground-breaking

seen the HIV programme grow from 923 000

pricing agreement that will fast-track the avail-

patients on treatment in 2009 to 3.9 million patients

ability of the first affordable, generic, single-pill HIV

by the end of August 2017.

treatment regimen containing dolutegravir. The large volume of antiretrovirals purchased by South Africa was used to leverage the decrease in pricing. The new fixed-dose combination will be available to low- and middle-income countries at a reduced price of US$75 per person, per year. Not only is the new regimen projected to save South Africa more than R11 billion over the next six years, it will also have significant benefits for patients. Dolutegravir is a highly effective antiretroviral, which is well tolerated by patients and has fewer side effects. As a result, patients are more likely to be adherent and virally suppressed – which means that they are not likely to transmit the virus to others. This pricing agreement is proof of what can be achieved when we work together to put the needs of people first. Government is also intensifying efforts to deal with the challenges of HIV, TB and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Earlier this year Chairperson of the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC), Deputy President


Despite this progress, more needs to be done, particularly in reducing the number of new infections. The NSP sets a target to reduce new HIV infections by more than 60 percent from an estimated 270 000 in 2016 to below 100 000 by 2022. Government and all sectors of society represented in the SANAC are providing leadership to ensure that we successfully implement the NSP and achieve the goals it sets out. On an individual level, we can contribute by refusing to be part of the stigmatisation and discrimination against people living with HIV and TB and speak out against it. We also need to take responsibility for our health and future and check our HIV status regularly. It is equally important to get screened for TB if you have a cough that does not go away or if you know someone who has TB. As a country we commemorated World AIDS Day on 1 December under the theme: “It is my right to know my status, prevention is my responsibility”. It’s time we all took responsibility and played our role in dealing with one of the biggest health challenges facing our country.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


Make road safety a priority


housands of South Africans will take to the country’s roads over the festive season eager to make their way home to their families or set

off on that well deserved break.

for many South African families. Not only are road accidents claiming lives and robbing families of their loved ones and breadwinners, it is also affecting our economy.

Unfortunately not all will reach their destinations safely.

A 2016 study conducted by the Road Traffic Management Corporation and Council

The sad reality of the festive period in South

for Scientific and Industrial Research found that

Africa is that despite the best efforts of govern-

accidents are costing South Africa’s

ment, thousands of people are likely to lose their

economy R142.95 billion.

lives on our country’s roads.

At the top of the lists of costs are human

The 2017 Easter period saw a 51 percent

casualties at 69 percent, vehicle repairs at

increase in the number of road fatalities, rising

14.9 percent and incidents and infrastructure at

from 156 in 2016 to 235 this year.

15.8 percent.

Furthermore, there were 1 714 deaths on South Africa’s roads over the 2016/17 festive period, an increase of five percent from the previous period. Various factors were behind these deaths in-

The cost of road deaths to families and the country is just too high. So traffic law enforcement officers will be out in full force over the festive season to ensure

cluding human error and vehicle failures as well

motorists comply with the rules of the road and

as road and environmental conditions.

as always, officers will adopt a zero tolerance

But at the end of the day, it is the responsibly of every driver to adhere to the speed limit, stop when tired, buckle up, keep off their mobile phone, slow down in poor driving conditions, ensure the vehicle is roadworthy and hand the keys over to someone else when they have had too much to drink.

approach to ensure safety. Drivers and passengers need to also adopt the same approach. Passengers, particularly those using public transport, have the right to point out to drivers that they are being reckless and negligent and report them to the authorities where the need arises. Drivers, on the other hand, must place more

At the end of the

value on their own lives and of those they are

day, it is because of

transporting and ensure that none of their

the actions of an indi-

actions endanger lives. And let’s not forget that

vidual that thousands of people don’t make it to their destinations and what was supposed to be a time of celebration turns into

pedestrians also have a role in road safety and need to be attentive when crossing streets. While we take off our public servant hats over this holiday period to spend time unwinding and bonding with family and friends, let’s not forget to be responsible and safe. Soon, it will be time to return to our work and

one of

ensure that South Africa continues to move


forward in 2018.

Phumla Williams, GCIS Acting Director-General.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

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Public Works creating

jobs, empowering women

Between its inception in 2004 and the end of the second phase in 2014, the EPWP produced more than 5.6 million work opportunities. In a mid-term evaluation of the EPWP by the DPW in 2011 almost half of all beneficiaries indicated that their financial situation and that of their families had improved after they took part in the programme. Importantly, the department projects that South Africa’s unemployment rate would have been 2.8 percentage points higher in 2012 had it not been for the EPWP. The review also found that the programme’s second phase lowered the Public Works Minister Nkosinat hi Nhleko.


poverty rate by less than 0.5 percent which was slightly below the target. The department attributed this partly

s asset managers of the state,

department include the transforma-

to the programme providing job

the Department of Public

tion of the property and construction

opportunities for about 2.5 percent

Works (DPW) is responsible

sector, job creation and improving

of the poor in the country or about


seven percent of the unemployed.

delivering various services yield func-

EPWP alleviating poverty

these opportunities are community

tional, economic and social benefits.

The EPWP is a flagship government

members who otherwise would not

development programme aimed at

have had any chance of entering the

extends far beyond the upkeep of

alleviating poverty and addressing

formal world of work

national government assets with its

structural unemployment.

for ensuring that immovable property owned or utilised by government for

But the impact of the department

Most of those who benefit from

Once in the EPWP, participants

Expanded Public Works Programme

Minister Nhleko said that since the

(EPWP) creating millions of jobs and

launch of phase three of the project

as gardening, security, community

its empowerment programmes open-

in 2014, the “EPWP has created more

care giving, firefighting or learn to be

ing doors for women.

than 2.6 million work opportunities

basic pharmacy assistants or artisans.

According to Public Works Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko, key priorities of the


for women, youth and people with disabilities”.

receive training in various things such

Through the EPWP’s training and skills development initiative, more

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

than 300 artisans were trained as part

the quality of lives of our people in the

identified in Limpopo, Mpumalanga

of government’s goal to produce

Western Cape,” explained the Minister.

and the Eastern Cape for prioritisa-

30 000 artisans a year by 2030.

He said that R400 million has been

tion,” said Minister Nhleko.

Community assets and services

allocated for the first phase of the

delivered through the programme

project that entails dredging and

Empowering women

include dams, roads, community

removing sunken vessels in Hout Bay,

In 2015 the department launched

recreational facilities, schools and

Gordons Bay and Kalk Bay.

the Women Empowerment Advisory

hospitals that are constructed and

Another of the department’s

Committee to address the lack of

maintained using the EPWP’s labour

programmes is aimed at providing

transformation in the construction

intensive methods.

socio-economic infrastructure to

and property industries.

rural communities. This includes the

The Minister said that while the com-

implementation of the Rural Bridges

mittee has yielded desirable results in

Programme in partnership with the

the DPW’s quest to empower women

Department of Defence and Military

in the construction and property sec-

The DWP aims to develop and re-

Veterans. The project provides bailey-

tors, “there’s a need to strengthen it to

habilitate 333 harbour and coastal

type bridges to needy communities.

ensure that the department makes a

“These bridges are cost effective

profound impact in these industries”.

Developing coastal properties, building bridges

properties along the country’s coastal areas. “These repair and maintenance

and highly useful in the rural areas as

“Professional registration of project

they connect villages and create ac-

managers remains a challenge for

work projects will assist in creating ad-

cess to amenities for socio-economic

women due to the lack of projectal-

ditional work opportunities to improve

development. Bridge sites have been

location,” he added.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



Property and construction were

total women empowerment in the

Activism Campaign in November and

specifically targeted to empower

construction and property sectors,”

December 2017.

women because of the low represen-

he said.

tation and recognition of professional

“South Africa is a signatory to sever-

The Minister also called for the de-

al regional and international commit-

velopment of strategies through the

ments on women empowerment and

Construction Industry Development

gender equality, therefore public and

active participation of women in the

Board grading system for the progres-

private institutions should put in place

infrastructure delivery value chain

sion of women from emerging con-

programmes geared towards women

through the allocation of set targets;

tractors to established contractors.

empowerment,” said the Minister.

women within the built environment. The committee looks to promote the

He called for the mentoring, coach-

identification of skills shortages and the development of support systems

Gender equality

ing and training of women in senior

for emerging female contractors and

Closer to home, the DPW currently em-

management structure positions

built environment professionals.

ploys 2 844 women of which 66 are in

to enhance retention in the public

senior management positions.

service; the establishment of a suc-

It also aims to enhance entrepreneurial development and increase

Through entrepreneurial workshops,

cession planning strategy as well as

the number of women contractors

outreach initiatives, mentorship and

women entrepreneur and gender

and women in property.

coaching programmes, the DPW ac-

sensitisation programmes.

Minister Nhleko wants the imple-

tively contributes to the development

“Gender balanced mentorship is

mentation of set targets to increase

of youth, socio-economic empower-

vital as a support system to mitigate

the number of tenders garnered by

ment and gender equality. Aware-

a hostile environment and is an ef-


ness campaigns relating to bullying,

fective coping strategy,” explained

gender-based violence and sexual

Minister Nhleko.

“By … implementing mechanisms to counter fronting and the abuse of

harassment in the workplace are

the DPW and transformation charters,

also implemented by the DPW such

we can really successfully achieve

as their support of the 16 Days of

No place for fraud and corruption The Minister is committed to clamping down on fraud and corruption within the department in order to achieve good governance and effective service delivery. He added that the department has taken a holistic approach towards combatting fraud, corruption and unethical behaviour. “The DPW Fraud Prevention Strategy clearly outlines a high level plan on how the department will go about effectively responding to the nature of the prevailing challenges,” said Minister Nhleko The strategy is reviewed periodically. Since the 2010/11 financial years 148 fraud awareness presentations


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



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members of the public to report allegations relating to misappropriation of state-owned land. The strategy will now extend to a national awareness campaign highlighting the discoveries made during preliminary investigations conducted in phase one of the OBB project. “The media will also be made aware of phase two of the OBB project which includes comprehensive investigations into the anomalies and red flags identified during phase one have been conducted within the de-

properties at various regional offices

of the OBB project. The media will

partment targeting all DPW officials.

around the country.

further be informed of the depart-

“We received further reports that

ment strategy to manage the illegally

Operation Bring Back

occupied DPW properties,” explained

During 2014/2015, the DPW launched

the Minister.

phase one of Operation Bring Back (OBB) to identify and investigate possible cases where state-owned properties have been unlawfully occupied, sold or disposed of. “The Immovable Asset Register rebuild programme identified a number of anomalies relating to unlawful disposal and occupation of state-owned land. The OBB project is currently conducting investigations into these cases,” he said. According to the Minister, the OBB project performed 12 data analytic procedures on deeds records and identified nine red flags whereby

“ The Fraud Investigation Unit is currently investigating 40 state properties that were allegedly disposed of illegally to DPW officials.”

state-owned land was sold or

United in HIV and AIDS fight He stressed that the department was committed to the fight against HIV and AIDS and recently commemorated 2017 World AIDS Day in line with the national theme, ‘It is my right to know my status, prevention is my responsibility’. The DPW’s head office and all regional offices marked World AIDS Day through information sessions that addressed gender-based violence, rape and the link to HIV and AIDS, including men’s health and the importance of HIV counselling and testing

transferred to third parties. The Fraud

“The department focused on con-

Investigation Unit is currently investi-

a number of properties are illegally

ducting various dialogues around

gating 40 state properties that were

occupied at Thohoyandou and the

gender, sexuality and HIV and AIDS

allegedly disposed of illegally to DPW

Polokwane Regional Office confirmed

along with on-site health screenings


that 19 eviction orders have been

such as eye, nutrition, glucose, cho-

issued,” Minister Nhleko added.

lesterol and blood pressure checks,

Furthermore, the OBB project conducted physical verification and identified 1 299 illegally occupied


The OBB project includes a communication strategy and will encourage

including on-site HIV counselling and testing,” he added.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


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SA through infrastructure


ithout sustainable infrastructure it is impossible to improve the quality of life of South Africans and the people on the continent. It is for this reason

that work of the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) is critical, according to its CEO Patrick Dlamini. “Better infrastructure is a crucial tool to help alleviate poverty. When we develop and invest in our infrastructure we facilitate regional trade which in turn helps address poverty. By improving our regional connection and trade, we are enabling job creation for Africans. Therefore, it is important that our infrastructure be efficient, well maintained and that we achieve seamless integration between the various countries on the continent,” he said.

About the DBSA As the leading development financial institution in Africa, the DBSA provides financing, project preparation and implementation support for economic and social infrastructure in South Africa, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and beyond. Its mission is to improve people’s lives, boost economic growth and promote regional integration through infrastructure finance and development. At national level the DBSA strives to improve the lives of all South Africans through its investment in infrastructure in keeping with the priorities and objectives of the National Development Plan (NDP) and the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. The DBSA was established in 1983 to perform a broad economic development function within the homeland CEO of t he Development Bank of Sout hern Africa Patric k Dlamini.


constitutional dispensation of the time. It was reconsti-

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

tuted in 1997 into a development finance institution. The bank plays a catalytic role in delivering infrastructure in the energy, water, transport and information and communications technology sectors with a secondary focus on health and education. “We operate across the infrastructure value chain

infrastructure system, contributing to the roll-out of government programmes and increasing the performance of municipalities lacking capacity and capability. In the 2016/17 financial year, the DBSA disbursed R839 million and R240 million to secondary and underresourced municipalities, respectively.

offering an integrated suite of solutions including plan-

“We also completed 17 projects in secondary and

ning, project preparation, financing, project implemen-

under-resourced municipalities in the electricity, water,

tation, and maintenance,” said Dlamini.

sanitation, roads, storm water and fleet management sectors. Furthermore, through implementation support,

Enabling economic development

the bank indirectly contributed to creating over a 1 000

Infrastructure is a big enabler of economic develop-

temporary job opportunities,” he said.

ment. In its October 2014 World Economic Outlook the

Through its Infrastructure Delivery Division (IDD) the DBSA

International Monetary Fund found in an assessment

directly contributed a total value of infrastructure

of a sample of developed economies that an increase

delivered to the amount of R2.8 billion, up from R2.6 billion

in investment spend equivalent to one percent of gross

in 2016.

domestic product (GDP) would on average lead to an

Through this part of the bank’s operations more than

increase in GDP of 0.4 percent in the same year of the

266 000 people gained access to improved health facili-

investment and up to 1.5 percent four years later.

ties while over 4 000 learners benefited from 12 schools

“Therefore, it is essential that we get it right to realise our dream of taking people out of poverty in a manner that gives them pride and dignity.” “Through infrastructure projects we provide employ-

as part of the Accelerated School Infrastructure Delivery Initiative. “Further, in executing its mandate, the IDD has since 2013 benefited more than 2 000 Small, Medium and

ment to people who build the infrastructure and we

Micro-sized Enterprises (SMMEs) across the country,” said

connect municipalities and regions to facilitate job


creation,” said Dlamini. He highlighted that the DBSA is strategically aligned

In the last financial year 500 SMMEs benefited from construction contracts to the value of R493 million which

with the NDP which sets out an integrated strategy for

created over 9 000 jobs through projects completed by

accelerating growth, eliminating poverty and reducing

the IDD.

inequality. “We subscribe to the NDP position that South Africa

Dlamini also said signed commitments to the value of R13.3 billion during the 2016/17 financial year were

can realise these goals by drawing on the energies of

expected to bring changes to the lives of South Africans.

its people and growing an inclusive economy, building

■ More than 182 000 households stood to benefit from

capabilities, enhancing the capacity of the State and

electrification projects and the upgrading of substa-

promoting leadership and partnerships throughout


society,” added Dlamini.

■ At least 22 000 households were expected to benefit from bulk water provision and reticulation projects.

Programmes benefiting South Africans The DBSA has a number of programmes and initiatives that benefit South Africans. The organisation is a critical component of the national

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

About 15 000 households were expected benefit from sanitation projects in municipalities around the country.

■ Over 300 affordable houses were completed with 597 households to benefit.


profiles in leadership

Dlamini said the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Programme (REIPPPP) is another initiative of which he is very proud. “This programme was born from our collaboration with the Department of Energy and National Treasury

earnings of R3.6 billion in the past financial year. The DBSA delivered R48.2 billion in total infrastructure development support, with development assets now at R78.8 billion (up from R77.1 billion in 2015/16).

and has been internationally acclaimed as a suc-

“Despite a challenging operating environment, we

cess. The REIPPPP has procured 6 376MW from 102

have produced a strong set of results and delivered

Independent Power Producers in five bidding rounds

infrastructure development impact,” said Dlamini.

and has had a far-reaching impact.” To date, the DBSA has invested R12.4 billion in 19 renewable energy projects awarded under the REIPPPP, which translates to 1 507MW of clean energy for South Africa.

He added that seeing the real tangible impact of the DBSA’s work makes him proud to be a part of the organisation. “Over the years, we have built a strong DBSA underpinned by strong corporate governance principles and values. This ensures that we are positioned to

Strong financial performance

bend the arc of history and play a meaningful part

Despite challenging economic conditions, the DBSA

in improving the lives of ordinary South Africans,” said

achieved a net profit of R2.8 billion and sustainable


The DBSA has invested millions of rands in renewable energy projects.

Dlamini has been CEO and Managing Director of the DBSA since September 2012. He holds a Bachelor of Commerce Degree from the University of Durban-Westville, now known as the University of KwaZulu-Natal. He has completed a number of business courses including the University of Witwatersrand Business School’s executive development programme and an advanced executive programme from the Kellogg School of Management. Before his appointment as DBSA CEO he was the CEO at the Air Traffic and Navigation Services Company of South Africa. He also worked for South African Airways as the Executive Vice President and General Manager responsible for Cargo and was the Transnet Limited Business Unit Executive. Dlamini was the Chairperson of the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation in the Africa region and SADC Development Finance Institutions.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

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Writer: Nolut hando Motswai Photographer: Ntswe Mokoena



ith more than 21 million passengers passing through O.R.Tambo International Airport, Bongiwe Pit-

yi has her work cut out for her. As General Manager it is her responsibility to ensure that the airport is operating at an optimal level. Her job basically entails ensuring that passengers using the 42 airlines operating there have an incident free travel experience. “O.R. Tambo International Airport is the busiest airport on the African continent attracting approximately 21 million passengers this past financial year alone,” she said. “This means that we are able to connect people through aviation. We are also contributing to our economy as passengers who fly do so for a myriad of reasons such as work, business opportunities, family or personal reasons.” Pityi’s role is to drive effective and efficient operations. This includes engaging all key stakeholders within the airport community, such as airlines, ground handlers, retail and advertising concessionaires and car rental companies, and various levels of govern-

Taking O.R. Tambo International Airport to new heights

ment. She is also responsible for positioning the airport, business and route development opportunities with O.R. Tambo International Airport as a key aviation hub that is focused on connectivity at a local, regional and international level. “My day typically begins as early as 5am when I focus on issues which may need my urgent attention even before the work day begins. With an extensive key stakeholder community to engage on a routine basis, I find myself in strategic meetings from early in the morning to sometimes late at night. “Should there be any issues or incidences which may occur during my already busy day, then my objective is to prioritise these. My typical day does not keep office hours.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

I am expected to be alive to any

sonable rental fee to showcase their

eventuality which may impact airport

products and services at the airport.

operations 24 hours a day, seven days a week,” she said.

“The initiative is aimed at enhancing

line sees specialised interventions provided to abused children in disad-

the entrepreneurial skills in our region

vantaged schools in Tembisa and has

and creates employment opportuni-

assisted more than 2 000 youngsters.

Africa’s first aerotropolis

ties to positively contribute to the

According to Pityi, the aviation indus-

economy,” she said.

try is a significant contributor to the

The airport’s partnership with Child-

“There are a number of initiatives

O.R. Tambo International Airport also has partnership with SIMPLE Tutoring. The primary objective of the

South African economy, which will be

that we run as an airport intent on

programme is to provide academic

given a further boost with the building

supporting youth and young people

support to underprivileged learners

Africa’s first aerotropolis in partnership

within our surrounding communi-

in mathematics and English through

with the Ekurhuleni Municipality and

structured lessons, regular mentoring

the Gauteng Provincial Government.

According to the The Importance

and coaching programmes. The initia-

An aerotropolis is a city that is built

of Air Transport to South Africa

tive has resulted in learners improving

around an airport offering its busi-

study which was conducted by

their class average by more than 15

nesses speedy connectivity to their

Oxford Economics on behalf of


suppliers, customers and enterprise

the International Air Transport

partners both nationally and inter-

Association, the air transport

Piloting of Smart Security

nationally. It is a new urban format

sector in the country supports

Last year O.R. Tambo International

currently developing around many

about 490 000 jobs including

Airport became the first African air-

large airports. The aerotropolis project

tourism-related employment and

port to implement the Smart Security

is one of the flagship projects of the

contributes US$12 billion or 3.5

checkpoint which aims to digitise

City of Ekurhuleni.

percent to the Gross Domestic

the security check process which


will speed up passenger progress

“We are very excited about what this project can do for our country if ex-

through security, by utilising state-of-

ecuted effectively. We have also every

the-art scanners.

confidence in the Ekurhuleni Munici-

ties. The Presidential Award for Youth

pality and Gauteng province as we

Empowerment is one of them. It

system is one of the key projects

work together to turn this aerotropolis

aims to challenge teenagers from

that is mooted to create a seamless,

concept into a reality,” she said.

disadvantaged township schools to

less-intrusive and customer-centric

discover their purpose and become

approach to security processing.

Supporting local businesses and communities

better leaders in their communities,” she explained. The airport funds the Tembisa Spell-

The piloting of the Smart Security

“With the Smart Security system, passengers are no longer required to unpack laptops and other electronics.

O.R. Tambo International Airport is

ing Bee which is aimed at teaching

With the new system there is almost

also helping local businesses and

high school learners in disadvan-

be no need for physical pat-downs

communities thrive through its pro-

taged schools in Tembisa to spell.

of passengers who set off security


“Through the Spelling Bee, we have

alarms because the scanning tech-

Pityi highlighted a Small, Medium

managed to help learners improve in

nology is much better at detecting

and Micro-sized Enterprises (SMME)

other areas of their learning such as

objects that should not be carried on

support programme which offers

comprehension, mathematics and

or around the person,” explained Pityi.

a platform for these businesses by

science, among others,” explained

The system also includes a new con-

providing them with kiosks at a rea-


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

veyor system for checking


women in the public sector

hand luggage and scanning booth

apartheid on an international scale

for individual passengers.

and laid the foundation for a free and

Pityi spent two-and-a-half years in Brazil working on this project.

democratic South Africa,” she noted.

“It proved to be very challenging at

Pityi said as soon as the statue was

times but was ultimately a major suc-

Ensuring good governance

unveiled many at the airport were

She said that O.R. Tambo Internation-

already queueing for their moment to

al Airport remains focused on good

embrace the statue of icon and take

This and that

governance and accountability.

photos with it.

How do you relax?

cess,” she added.

“As a strategic asset that connects

I spend time with family. When

the King Code on Corporate Gov-

Africa to the world, we are truly proud

we can take a break we try to

ernance for South Africa 2016 in our

to both bear the name and have the

travel as much as possible.

approach to ethical and account-

statue of such a great legend located

able governance. This supports our

within our international arrivals hall,”

If you were not in your current

desire to be transparent, adaptable

she said.

job what would you be doing?

“We subscribe to the principles of

and to remain fit for purpose in all of our dealings.” “This can be seen in our comprehensive ethics value drive programme and strong, continu-

Practising as an attorney.

Growth and development

I practised for five years before moving into the aviation space.

Pityi is very proud to work for ACSA. “The organisation has provided me

What is your favourite holiday

ously monitored and assured control

with many opportunities for growth


environment. This is supported by

and development. It has afforded me

Anywhere in Europe but if I had

our anonymous tip offline that the

an opportunity to lead the relocation

to be specific I would say Italy.

community can call at any time to

of Durban International Airport to King

assist us as an organisation to remain

Shaka International Airport as well as

What is the slogan that you live

accountable,” she said.

lead the Operational Readiness team


for the new set-up of a semi-private

Pure grit and determination is

terminal in Sao Paulo, Brazil for the

what defines you.

The Airports Company South Africa (ACSA) hotline number is 0800 00 8080.

2014 FIFA World Cup,” she said.

Celebrating O.R. Tambo 2017 marks 100 years since the birth

Pityi joined Airports Company

airport and management of the

of Oliver Reginald (O.R.) Tambo after

South Africa in August 2000 when

go-live operations at the new King

whom the airport is named.

she took over the management of

Shaka International Airport.

Pityi said that the airport was the

landside and car park operations

proud host of an historic event where

based at what was then Johannes-

From 2010, Pityi continued to serve

a 2.5m life-sized bronze statue of

burg International Airport.

at King Shaka International Airport

struggle was unveiled at the interna-

as Assistant General Manager In 2005 she was appointed As-

responsible for the management,

sistant General Manager: Durban

stabilisation and maintenance of

significant as it was to this airport

International Airport. In 2007 she

the operations of the new airport. In

that O.R. Tambo returned to South

became Operational Readiness

2014 she was promoted to General

Africa in 1990 after 30 years in exile

Planning Director entrusted with

Manager of O.R. Tambo Interna-

was greeted by his own people. He

leading the transition from the old

tional Airport.

tional arrivals hall at the airport. “The location of the statue is highly

dedicated his life to the fight against


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018













Writer: Nolut hando Motswai

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

Sepedi Sithole taking control S

epedi Sithole is not one to let a little disappointment

on their altitude and weather conditions. In bad weather

stand in her way.

the pilots cannot land unless they can see the ground

When her dreams of becoming a pilot were

from an aircraft.

dashed because she was not tall enough to pass the

If a pilot does not have reference to the ground they

strict South African Airways (SAA) criteria, she picked her-

have to rely on an ATC to give them directions to their

self up and decided to do the next best thing – become


an air traffic controller (ATC) and help pilots do their

Sithole explained that she has the big picture of what


is happening in the airspace she controls thanks to an

Sithole is a member of the South African

instrument called an Air Picture Display

Air Force (SAAF) and works at Waterkloof


Air Force Base in Pretoria.

To be accepted in

This system gives the exact location of

As an ATC her role is to regulate the

air traffic control

the aircraft, the level, direction and speed.

orderly departure and arrival of aircraft

in the SAAF, a can-

at an airfield and ensure that they are

didate must be a

separated by safe distances and heights en-route. When aircraft approach an airfield for landing, ATCs vector (give directions and altitude) the pilot towards the runway so that they can continue with a visual

South African citizen; not be younger than 18 and not yet 22 when starting basic military training; be classified

approach or intercept the radio beam of what is called the Instrument Landing

“We are in communication with the pilot but keep our transmissions brief,” she added.

Challenges of the job Sithole explained that her job can and does present challenges and she must remain calm, rational and think on her feet.

medically fit for duty

She recounted the time she received a

by the Institute for

report of an aircraft flying into South Africa

Aviation Medicine;

from a neighbouring country that was


Making sure aircraft arrive safely

and be recommend-

operating on only two of its four engines.

ed by a selection

“It could still fly with two engines but it

Sithole explained that ATCs are respon-


sible for private and commercial aircraft using South African air space. She added that ACTs based at the

might not have made it to OR Tambo International Airport,” she explained. In responding to this situation, Sithole had to guide the pilot to safety mak-

Waterkloof Air Force Base also control civilian aircraft

ing sure that all airports along the pilot’s route were on

operated by flying schools around Pretoria

standby in case of an emergency landing.

Sometimes pilots request clearance to fly along

She said during such times one might experience a

November One. This is jargon for the N1 highway which is

moment of panic but ATCs must set aside their emotions

a prominent geographical feature.

and think quickly to make sure the aircraft and people

All pilots can use geographical locations depending

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

on board arrive safely.



“We are trained to handle stressful situations,” said

having fun while I do my job,” she said.

Sithole. With Sithole’s assistance the pilot landed safely at OR Tambo International Airport.

The path to becoming a military ATC Sithole is proud to work for the SAAF and encourages other young people to follow in her footsteps.

Dreams of flying Sithole did not originally have her eye on a career as an ATC. Her dream was to be a pilot.

She advised them to do their homework and to be clear about entrance requirements in the flying industry. To be accepted in air traffic control in the SAAF, a can-

She was still in school when the aviation bug bit.

didate must be a South African citizen; not be younger

At a time when teachers were pushing her to enter the

than 18 and not yet 22 when starting basic military train-

medical field or the engineering sector she was too shy

ing; be classified medically fit for duty by the Institute for

to tell people that she had dreams of becoming a pilot.

Aviation Medicine; and be recommended by a selection

Sithole's desire to enter the world of aviation was further ignited during her matric year in 2005. She entered the Wonders of Flying competition run by

board. Academically, aviation hopefuls must have completed Grade 12 and passed English. Mathematics (NSC level

SAA and her essay about her passion for aviation was

4) and geography are also essential. Sithole added that

the winning entry from Limpopo.

science is also a valuable subject to have studied.

The prize saw her spending four days exploring the aviation industry with SAA. “During this competition I got to see every sector of aviation. When I saw all of this it confirmed within me that this is what I wanted to do with my life,” she explained. After passing matric with good marks her dreams of entering the aviation sector were crushed when SAA did not select her for pilot cadet training. “I had good marks at matric level so I also had bursary

Candidate SAAF ATCs undergo 18 months of training at Air Space Control School at Waterkloof Air Force Base, basic military training at the air force gymnasium. Sithole suggested that young people read widely on aviation and what it entails so that they can make informed choices and find out what career they truly want to pursue: “Find your own truth about what you want to do,” she said.

offers. I conceded and went to the University of Cape Town and studied towards a degree in mechanical engineering. I was miserable,” she recalled. Things looked up for Sithole in 2007 when the SAAF

This and that

finally invited her to take part in the selection process.

How do you relax?

For a second time she experienced disappointment as she was not tall enough to become a pilot. However, by then she had an alternate career choice in mind and decided to be an ATC and remain in the aviation business.

I love spending time with my family. I have an amazing family. What is your favourite food? Seafood and hot wings.

“I have never looked back,” she said.

What is your favourite holiday destination?

Sithole has been in this position since 2011 and looks

Where there are which sandy beaches, either

forward to growing her career in aviation. “This job also allows me to think and have fun because as an ATC you cannot be rigid. The rules that we use are just guidelines. You must use those guidelines to help you

Camps Bay or Mozambique. What is the slogan you live by? Every expert was once a beginner.

make a decision that is best in the current situation. I love


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

In other news

Source: SAnews

Aerotropolis master plan to create jobs The approval of the 30-year

“This programme is a deliber-

activities regionally. It is already a

Aerotropolis Master Plan will bring

ate growth trajectory that aims to

gateway for the transit of high-

much-needed jobs for people living

reposition and enhance the value

value, time sensitive products,

in Gauteng.

proposition of the Gauteng City

such as electronic equipment, as

Region with a particular empha-

well as textiles and footwear for

approved the plan which will pave

sis on the Ekurhuleni regional

nearby countries,” the Mayor said.

The City of Ekurhuleni recently the way for economic develop-

economy as the footprint of the

ment that is projected at

first aerotropolis on the African

is redesigning the city’s layout

R8.1 billion per annum.

continent,” said Mayor Masina.

and infrastructure to be centred

Ekurhuleni Mayor Mzwandile

The aerotropolis leverages on

At the centre of the master plan

on the airport.

Masina said the aerotropolis is lo-

the presence of the airport which

cated near the OR Tambo Interna-

sees 19 million passengers pass

cal road infrastructure networks

tional Airport and is envisaged to

through it every year and has the

are being prioritised to unlock the

be a game-changing intervention

capacity for 60 million passen-

footprint of the aerotropolis to en-

that will facilitate spatial, econom-


able mobility and integration.

ic and social transformation.

OR Tambo International Airport

Mayor Masina said that the criti-

He added that the city is explor-

also handles 83 percent of all air

ing ways of leveraging the eco-

jects in sectors such as retail, aero-

cargo movements and plays a

nomic opportunities created by

space, advanced manufacturing,

critical economic role in South

having the OR Tambo Internation-

logistics, and distribution, research

Africa, Gauteng and Ekurhuleni.

al Airport located in its border to

and development, health and life

“The OR Tambo International

position the city as a destination

The master plan identifies pro-

sciences. These will form part of

Airport is in a good position to ac-

for investors seeking to relocate

the economic turnaround plan.

celerate its logistic and air cargo

their operations.

Transnet research centre expands knowledge economy Transnet’s new research centre will

support,” said Transnet Group Chief

we are… [creating] entrepreneurs

contribute to job creation and the

Executive Siyabonga Gama.

who can provide jobs, people who

expansion of the country’s knowledge economy. The state-owned rail, port and pipeline company recently

The Transnet Matlafatšo Centre is

can grow and contribute to the

being run in partnership with the

economy, which is important,” said

University of the Witwatersrand (Wits)

Gama. Transnet hopes that its partner-

and is located at the university. To date, R19.4 million has been

ship with Wits will lead to new ideas,

This is a hub dedicated to increas-

spent on the centre. It will use in-

incubations and inventions that can

ing the competitiveness, capacity

novation and research to promote

be commercialised.

and capability of small, medium

high-value enterprise development.

and micro-sized enterprises (SMMEs)

Transnet will spend about R62 mil-

is one that creates a fulcrum for

through skills transfer and access to

lion on the centre over a five-year

research and innovation initiatives.

research and development facilities.


Once it has matured, Transnet will

launched the Matlafatšo Centre.

“We also aim to empower black-

“We know that a lot of people face

“The model we are unveiling today

roll the concept out nationally in

owned and black-managed

difficulties and challenges when

a structured and well-coordinated

enterprises by providing financial

they are trying to find jobs but here

fashion to reach all the communi-


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

ties of our country,” Gama said. Wits Deputy Vice-Chancellor Profes-

vative ways going forward,” he said. “We also have a teaching and

tential of the Transnet Matlafatšo Centre.

sor Andrew Crouch said the country

learning plan because teaching in

needs to find innovative solutions

the classical sense has changed.

and capacities of black-owned and

to address the challenges of the

We have to embrace technology

managed SMMEs to take their place

21st century such as artificial intel-

and make sure that technology

in the Transnet supply chain – and

ligence, robotics, big data, poverty

becomes an enabler to significantly

those of other large companies − is

and inequality.

increase our access to higher edu-

exactly what is needed to spread

cation,” said Prof Crouch.

the wealth these companies gener-

“Wits is tackling these challenges head on. We are looking at trying to resolve these challenges with inno-

Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown was excited about the po-

“Increasing the competitiveness

ate and to change people’s lives,” Minister Brown said.

Incentives for tourism industry to go green competitiveness. I urge the industry to embrace the GTIP and help us build a sustainable and inclusive tourism sector,” Minister Xasa said. The department and IDC will work closely with the National Cleaner Production Centre of South Africa to conduct energy efficiency audits and determine the best possible solutions to be implemented. IDC’s head of Development Funds Christine Engelbrecht said one of The Department of Tourism has

scale from 30 percent to 90 percent

the programme’s fundamental

introduced an incentive pro-

(capped at R1 million) to qualifying

criteria is transformation.

gramme to encourage privately-

small and micro tourism enterprises.

owned enterprises to move towards

They will implement interventions

are critical dimensions of the IDC’s

cleaner energy sources and more

that will improve energy efficiency

mandate. Enterprises with high

energy efficient operations.

and reduce operational costs.

levels of compliance in terms of the

The Green Tourism Incentive

“Renewable energy-generating

“Transformation and ownership

Tourism B-BBEE Scorecard will be

Programme (GTIP) is a collabora-

systems should be more accessible

awarded a larger grant,” Engelbre-

tion with the Industrial Development

to all within the sector,” said Minister

cht said.

Corporation (IDC) and supports the


department’s goal of sustainable

“For this reason we have intro-

Only exempt micro enterprises with a total annual turnover of be-

and inclusive tourism development.

duced the GTIP. The aim of the pro-

low R5 million and qualifying small

It follows the recent handover of a

gramme is to encourage small and

enterprises with the total annual

solar photovoltaic mini-grid on Rob-

micro tourism enterprises to retrofit

revenue of between R5 million and

ben Island Museum by the Minister

their facilities with energy efficiency

R45 million will be considered.

of Tourism Tokozile Xasa.

systems using a cost-sharing grant.

The first two-month application

“Responsible tourism is everyone’s

window opened on 1 November

administered by the IDC and will

business with an immense potential

2017 and ends on 31 December

provide grant funding on a sliding

to increase our country’s global


The programme is managed and

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


P I LOT P L A N T FAC I L I T Y WILL REDUCE THE COSTS OF P H A R M AC E U T I CA L S A N D H E A LT H CA R E A pilot plant facility located in Waltloo could be what South Africa needs to save billions of rands on importation costs of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs). The price of medical products and pharmaceuticals has been identified as some of the factors contributing to high costs of medicines and healthcare in South Africa. The country spends around R15 billion on the importation of APIs. The recently launched Chemical Process Technologies Pharma was formed as the development vehicle with the objective of manufacturing generic APIs for the Southern African pharmaceutical industry. The facility is a result of a partnership between Chemical Process Technologies (CPT), the Department


of Science and Technology (DST), the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa (IDC) and the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA). They are currently conducting pre-feasibility and feasibility studies to look into the development of a commercial pharmaceutical plant to initially manufacture two TB drugs and two animal health medicines. The pre-feasibility study includes the construction of a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) compliant pilot plant to scale-up the production process and manufacture batches for stability testing that are required for regulatory registration purposes. “The success of this pilot plant will mark a significant step in the national priorities to enable local manufacturing as well as job creation, while providing much needed competitively priced medication,” says Hilton Lazarus, Head of the Basic and Speciality Chemicals business unit at the IDC. Dr Gerrit van der Klashorst of CPT Pharma regards the pilot plant as an important step in developing a full scale commercial manufacturing plant, planned to be located adjacent to the pilot plant. “Importantly, the pilot facility can fast-track the in-licensing of technologies (particularly antiretroviral APIs) that require an existing CGMP facility before a license agreement can be negotiated,” he added. The CPT group has also developed strategic relationships with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and several universities in the country, harnessing their excellent capabilities in the design of new and competitive synthesis technologies for APIs. These technological networks are extremely important to add to CPT Pharma’s existing technology development capacity.

“The CPT Pharma project contributes to the National Bioeconomy strategy by supporting research, development and innovation in local pharmaceutical manufacturing, which is critical to enhance South Africa’s competitiveness in the global pharmaceutical industry,” says Mr Barlow Manilal, Chief Executive Officer, TIA. The pilot facility is in the process of obtaining Medicine Control Council (MCC) certification. The manufacture of stability batches of four shortlisted APIs, including two TB actives, is expected to start shortly. It is foreseen that the commercial plant will be expanded as more APIs are registered by the MCC and accepted by clients. The CPT Pharma board plans to make the plant available for external users to assess the scale-up of their API synthesis technology, to manufacture clinical trial material, transfer technology and to manufacture small volume APIs on a commercial basis. Whilst the platform will initially focus on chemical APIs, it could later be expanded to biologics and biosimilars. CPT Pharma aims to play a pivotal role in the establishment of a nascent API manufacturing industry in South Africa.

W W W. D S T. G OV. Z A


Fast facts at your fingertips


o you know where your tax contributions go? Statistics South Africa recently released a complete

the R1.52 trillion in 2015/16, we’re left with R1.37 trillion. Compensation of employees contributed 40.6 percent

overview of total government spending for 2015/16,

of the R1.37 trillion, the largest expenditure item in eco-

providing insight into what government does with your taxes.

nomic terms. The second largest item was purchases of

According to the latest Financial Statistics of Consolidated General Government report, general services

goods and services, contributing 21.9 percent. Where did the South African government get the

accounted for a quarter of government spending in

money to fund the spending outlined above? From taxes,



Within this, debt payments accounted for nine percent

For every rand of total revenue generated in 2015/16,

and executive, legislative and financial services ac-

86c was received in the form of tax. Breaking this down

counted for 12 percent. The latter includes the funding

further, 29c of the 86c was collected in the form of

of general government services provided by institutions

personal tax, 21c from VAT, 16c from businesses, 10c from

such as the South African Revenue Service, the National

excises and 10c from other taxes.

Treasury, the Auditor-General of South Africa, the Finan-

Total government revenue, which includes taxes and

cial and Fiscal Commission, Parliament, and the various

other forms of income, amounted to R1.35 trillion in



Not surprisingly, big priorities for government are education and social protection which includes the payment of social grants. Together these two items contributed 32 percent of total spending. Total government spending amounted to R1.52 trillion in 2015/16. To put this into perspective, that’s an average of R27 600 per person if we consider South Africa’s population of 54.96 million people (2015 estimate). Almost R129 billion was spent on public debt payments in 2015/16. In fact, the contribution of debt payments has slowly crept up over the years. In 2011/12, it was 7.2 percent, rising in 2012/13 (7.4 percent), 2013/14 (7.8 percent) and 2014/15 (8.4 percent). In 2015/16 it rose only slightly to 8.5 percent. Spending can also be expressed in economic terms, providing an indication of how much money was paid towards salaries and goods and services. If we remove capital expenditure from


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


The Public Sector Manager magazine, produced by Government Communications and Information System, is targeted at middle and senior managers in the public sector, responsible for implementing government programmes and operations. The magazine helps public servants in understanding their mandate and share best practices in order to serve their country better. PSM critically examines issues of importance to senior public servants and the nation at large. In addition, PSM features various business and lifestyle features including travel, book and car reviews, financial fitness and healthy living – striking a balance between professional pressures and personal well-being. With PSM digital, you can get instant access to this content from your smartphone or tablet. Visit for more information.

Nardine Nelson: 082 739 3932,


Exploring new

frontiers in N Cape


he Square Kilometre Array (SKA) has already put the small Karoo town of Carnarvon on the map but more importantly, it is bringing change and hope

to residents. Jobs, businesses, new roads and training centres are

The centre was opened in May 2017 and offers an accredited electrical engineering apprenticeship. The South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) initiated the artisan bursary programme in 2011. The training programme is aimed at providing the

just some of the benefits of the Northern Cape town

MeerKAT, which is a precursor to SKA, and the SKA radio

being home to the SKA which on completion will be the

telescopes with qualified artisans for their operations and

biggest radio telescope in the world.

maintenance, among others.

During a recent visit to the area, Science and Technol-

Klerefontein Training Centre's Education Training and

ogy Minister Naledi Pandor opened a road and training

Development Practitioner, Albert Brand, explained that


the centre trains high school learners from Carnarvon and the surrounding towns as artisans and makes them

Opening new doors of learning The Klerefontein Training Centre is giving local high

job ready. “This training centre is good for the community of

school learners the opportunity to become qualified

Carnarvon. It is not just a skills course. It gives learners a

electrical engineers.

qualification,” said Brand.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

Previously those who wanted to become artisans had to receive their training elsewhere. Now they have a technical training centre in their home town.

Over time, if funds and resources permit, it may be expanded to accommodate other trades. Having a training centre in the Karoo region has signifi-

Six learners have already received qualifications in electrical engineering.

cantly reduced the cost involved in producing electrical artisans, because these students no longer need to be

“For these learners to reach this level is excellent. If you look at the socio-economic challenges in Carnarvon, this programme will be good for the young people here,” he said.

accommodated and trained at facilities located in Gauteng and elsewhere. In addition, the students 'on-site' education provides them opportunity to complete their on-the-job training at

Twenty-two year old Jolene George is from Carnarvon

the SARAO facility.

and said she started the training programme immediately after finishing her

The SKA is supported by 10

The road to development

matric year.

member countries – Australia,

Carnarvon residents will also benefit

Canada, China, India, Italy,

from a new R200 million, 80 kilometre

the SKA office in Cape Town for three

New Zealand, South Africa,

stretch of road that leads to the site of

months before I came to Klerefontein,”

Sweden, the Netherlands and

the MeerKAT radio telescope.

she said.

the United Kingdom.

“I am here for job training. I started at

Minister Pandor recently unveiled the

The project has brought

road that has created work opportuni-

gramme, she will decide whether to try

together some of the world’s

ties for the community.

to get into SKA or study further.

finest scientists, engineers and

“This will be a very important route for

Dingaan Baartman is part of the

policy makers and more than

world researchers so we have to ensure

maintenance team at the SKA and

100 companies and research

that we have appropriate infrastructure.

advised youngsters to make the most of

institutions from across 20

The road will be a much-travelled one

the opportunities the centre offers.

countries in the design and

and you have to ensure that people

development of the telescope.

can travel in safety,” she explained.

Once she completes the training pro-

“This programme helped me a lot. It taught me a lot about the electrical

The construction of the SKA is

She said government is working to-

side. I would advise children here in

set to start in 2018, with early

gether with the province to accelerate

the Karoo and in rural areas to be part

science observations in 2020.

infrastructure initiatives that will benefit

of this programme because it is life changing.” To become a qualified artisan, students must complete

the community. “All the surrounding towns have been and will be beneficiaries of this infrastructure.”

several theory courses followed by eight months of practical training at an accredited facility. Thereafter, students

International interest

are required to complete 18 months of on-the-job training

The Minister said that the SKA will bring major develop-

before they can write their trade test.

ment to Carnarvon when scientists and researchers from

The centre was established to provide the practical training component of the qualification, and currently

across the world flock to the town. “Hundreds of scientists are going to come to use the

focuses on training electrical artisans, which is the most

telescope and they will need to be supported, to be ac-

urgent trade required by the MeerKAT and SKA project.

commodated, to be looked after and we are going to

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



need appropriate facilities for them in these towns so there is immense opportunity.” In addition, Carnarvon, Williston and other surrounding towns would benefit from educational and economic opportunities once research commences at the radio telescope. The SKA will position the Northern Cape as a knowledge hub for astronomical research. “Scientists will use the SKA to try and understand how the universe evolved, how stars and galaxies form and change, as well as unravelling the mysteries of ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. “Scientists expect that the SKA will make new discoveries unimaginable at present,” she said.

A joint effort

“Scientists expect that the SKA will make new discoveries unimaginable at present.”

The Minister called on communities to partner with government. “Government cannot work without your support. We need you as partners in mobilising society for change, in mo-

telescope precursor to SKA. “They are building roads, dish manufacturing sheds,

bilising for a better life for all. We are here to persuade

antenna foundations, and installing the electrical and

you that you have a critical role to play in changing

fibre-ducting reticulation network,” said the Minister.

your lives with government support and assistance,” she said. She told Carnarvon residents to be active in building

The MeerKAT has attracted over 500 research groups from 45 different countries that have booked time. “Because we are launching research infrastructure of

a new and thriving society in which every person can

this kind, we are going to train new engineers, new as-

make a difference.

trophysicists, mathematicians in Africa and IT specialists

The SKA site is currently a hive of activity as teams of contractors prepare the infrastructure for MeerKAT, the


because all these domains are absolutely important for a research sector of this kind,” she said.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


SA, Angola strengthen relations Angolan President João Manuel Lourenço meets President Jacob Zuma during a recent state visit to Sout h Africa.


rade between South Africa and Angola is set to

Economic cooperation

increase after the leaders of the two countries –

The two countries also agreed to prioritise economic

President Jacob Zuma and President João Manuel

cooperation through trade and investment in order to

Lourenço – signed several agreements recently. The two regional powerhouses agreed to escalate

grow their economies and create job opportunities. This will be done by paying special attention to

the structured bilateral mechanism to the level of the

untapped sectors such as agro-processing, energy,

Bi-National Commission (BNC) to be presided over

mining and cultural cooperation.

by the heads of state. They also signed a visa waiver

“We are coming to South Africa with a sense of hum-

agreement for ordinary passport holders, an agreement

bleness because we know in terms of the economy,

on police cooperation and agreement on customs

South Africa is way ahead of Angola. We are seizing


this opportunity to also extend an invitation to the

The BNC will bring the required momentum to consoli-

South African business sector to go and invest in

date and deepen bilateral relations in various areas of

Angola. For this to happen we know that we need to


open certain curtain rails and create the movement of

The visa waiver for ordinary passport holders will facilitate easy movement of people between the two

people,” said the Angolan President. In addition, the two heads of state committed to

countries. It will enable citizens from both countries en-

working together in the pursuit of peace, stability and

try for 90 days a year, provided that each visit does not

economic development, as well as the promotion of

exceed 30 days in total.

regional integration.

This development will have a positive effect on business and leisure tourism and will also open the door for

Developments in Zimbabwe

future trade and foreign direct investment.

With regard to Zimbabwe, the two Presidents saluted

“It will not only add significant impetus to tourism, but

former President Robert Mugabe for his sterling con-

will also further promote people-to-people contacts,”

tribution to the liberation struggle of Africa and the

said President Zuma after official talks with his Angolan

Southern African Development Community.

counterpart, who was in the country for a state visit. “We welcome the agreements that we have just signed. They are all critical to enhancing bilateral cooperation,” said President Zuma. President Lourenço said the signing of the agreements

They both wished President Emmerson Mnangagwa well as he steers the country through the transition period. “We wish to emphasise the need for the maintenance of peace and stability in the country, which I

would “certainly change the way that the countries

discussed with President Mnangagwa,” said President

cooperated before”.



Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

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Management and professional development

Writer: Des Lat ham

Tactical and adaptive management techniques


ometimes overly managing a

be alerted. Everything was measured

ment this sounds counter-intuitive, but

person can do more damage

and real-time information was used

think about the examples we’re going

to an organisation than under


to describe.

managing staff. This has been proven in numerous

The workers were virtually automa-

When the world is full of volatility

trons, they followed processes laid

and uncertainty, strategy needs to

studies and of these probably the

out in detail and were not allowed to

change rapidly.

most famous is the Harvard Business

deviate from these processes.

School (HBS) analysis of assembly-line workers in southern China. This company which shall remain nameless, had built up a huge busi-

As the HBS finding stated: “Adaptive

The study by Ethan S. Bernstein of

performance manifests as creativity,

HBS found that when management

problem solving, grit, innovation and

looked the other way, workers shared


ideas about how to speed up or improve their specific tasks.

Increasing productivity

Adapting in a changing environment Public sector management tech-

In fact, the Bernstein study showed

niques need to reflect the changing

that when parts of the production

environment and find a way to deal

line became invisible to the manag-

effectively with volatility. The best

ers, productivity climbed by up to 15

managers make things work despite


a shortage of resources because they

The HBS research has been carried

deal creatively with the challenge. The

out for many years and in a sample of

worst sit back and complain to their

over 20 000 workers in various jobs, it

colleagues about how bad things are

found that management tends to fo-

because “there’s no money” and then

ness and was the second largest

cus on a single performance number

leave work early to go to the local bar.

in the world. It also had instituted

but there are really TWO that are vital

So think about tactical performance

a monitoring process that oversaw

to increase productivity.

every aspect of the company with

during your appraisals, and how well

Initially its tactical performance or

your staff understand the basics, the

specific reference to how employees

making sure that your government

strategy. Then apply solutions that

could be measured and watched.

department sticks to strategy. As we

your staff understands that change

know, this drives consistent responses,

something and make it easier and

in total by managers from a single

staff know the rules, and performance

quicker to apply while still conforming

point, so that if workers slackened

is easy to gauge.

to all the necessary documentation

Each production line could be seen

off or changed a simple process

The second is called adaptive per-

and laws.

like grabbing a battery from the left

formance and is really the divergence

This is far more true of executives

instead of the right, a manager would

from the core strategy. Now in govern-

and senior public sector managers


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

than their staff, because they are in

The case study involved the follow-

So to become a more effective

a leadership position. People mimic

ing changes:

public sector manager here are

bad behaviour or laziness, incom-

1. Ending the practice of just an-

some techniques to improve a. Identify where you should

petence and carelessness. So the

swering calls in order and gave

idea is not to throw out consistency

them a spreadsheet of custom-

institute either a tactical or

in favour of bad practices, merely to

ers. This increased a sense of

adaptive performance.

change bad practices to improve



Sometimes it’s not possible to

2. Renaming scripts from 'manda-

allow adaptive performance,

tory manuals' to 'useful guides'

but you need to know where

ber of other really interesting results

which meant staff could alter

it is possible. Have a meeting

based on the actions of manag-

processes based on lateral

with staff and find out what

ers. For example, if employees were


they think will improve produc-

The research also showed a num-

productive, they received weekly


3. Rebuilding performance metrics

bonuses based on their performance

to track impact not pure num-

b. Don’t fixate on the metrics.

targets. But these could backfire. In


While metrics like our key performance areas cannot be

one instance it was based on the

4. Eliminating pay-for-performance

number of people phoned for as-

and gave everyone a fair salary

changed, what we can do is

sistance. However the test was not

equal to their average earnings

use numbers to allow people

conducted to show how HAPPY the

over the preceding quarter.

to self-correct.

customers were, merely the numbers that were contacted.

Now clearly in government we can’t

Understand the conditions that underlie poor performance

You can imagine how poorly the

really produce the third as a creative

and focus on changing these.

customer felt about the government

management technique. But we can

Don’t weaponise numbers,

department concerned if the person

use the idea of a consistent positive

linking them to high-stakes

tasked with helping the client was


bonuses, rather create learn-

tested merely on a pure metric like

Performance adaption included:

ing goals within the period

a number and not a satisfaction

1.Weekly problem-solving meetings

under review for performance


were implemented to share

appraisals. This means people

So this test then eliminated the pure

better ideas.

can self-correct.

metric and the workers felt less like

2.Guest experts from other parts of

c. Set learning goals.

pen-pushing robots and more like hu-

the business visited and spoke about

man beings.

their learning.

don't meet our expectations,

They began to treat their clients, the

Often members of our staff

3.Groups or teams would work with

but instead of trying to force

citizen, like human beings too. The

managers to resolve unexpected

them to catch up with every-

staff members who used adaptive

problems quickly and the risk man-

one else, set learning goals

performance by changing daily regi-

ager sat with the teams instead of

and then track these more

men slightly, having their work poten-

riding solo.

closely. Ask the person who’s

tial reviewed creatively, or their ethical

4.Team leaders were shown how to

struggling to think of a number

behaviour rewarded, increased

develop their staff skills instead of

of ways to alter their processes

productivity significantly.

focusing on their deficiencies.

for improved performance.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


CATHSSETA challenges its stakeholders to show compassion to those affected and infected by HIV/Aids

Dr Victor Ramathesele – CATHSSETA Board Member – who delivered a moving speech in commemoration of the World Aids Day.

Acting Chief Executive Officer Keitumetse Pebane shares with the stakeholders how CATHSSETA performed in the 2016/17 financial year.

CATHSSETA’s recent AGM was packed to capacity with

living with HIV and to remember those who have passed

stakeholders from its diverse sectors. The AGM was held on

away. This day is commemorated worldwide with the

1 December – World AIDS Day.

intention of reducing HIV infections.

To commemorate this day, Dr Victor Ramathesele, one of

In addition to the presentations about how CATHSSETA

the CATHSSETA Board Members, gave a moving speech

performed financially and against its planned targets, this

about the need for employers and training providers to be

year’s AGM was different as sufficient time was granted

cognisant of the fact that some of their students enrolled in

for stakeholders to engage the board and executives

various skills development programmes could be coming

about their needs and challenges. Some of these related

from child-headed homes. He said, “HIV and AIDS are

to payments and certificates. Answering the issue of late

real. It affects all of us in one way or the other and we as

payments, the CATHSSETA Board Chairperson, Pumzile

employers and training providers can no longer sit back

Kedama, made stakeholders aware of the important

and do nothing about it. For instance, the reality is that

need for the organisation to comply with the factors

some of the learners you may be training are either HIV

regulating payments. He indicated that CATHSSETA makes

positive or come from child-headed homes where they

payments weekly on Tuesdays and Thursdays and that

may have lost both parents to HIV and AIDS.”

delays with payments were as a result of non-compliance from the stakeholders. The Acting CEO, Keitumetse

Dr Ramathesele challenged stakeholders to take action

Pebane, also urged stakeholders to submit all compliance-

against HIV and AIDS by giving enough support to those

related documents in order to get certificates for their

affected by or infected with HIV and AIDS. He asked,

learners. The issue of certificates is specific to industry funded programmes where stakeholders need to submit

“Do we show compassion and ubuntu and encourage workspaces where those affected

supporting documents to CATHSSETA, e.g. outstanding learner registration documents and ID copies.

Progress on latest developments “As we are a skills development entity, our mandate is to

by HIV and AIDS feel supported

empower and upskill the stakeholders within our diverse

and cared for?”

time in the history of CATHSSETA, we partnered with the

sectors. It is against this backdrop that this year, for the first Gordon Institute of Business (GIBS) to develop a custom-

World AIDS Day presents all of us with an opportunity to

made GIBS Executive Development Programme to upskill

unite in the fight against HIV; to show support for people

managers in our diverse sectors,” she said.


CATHSSETA delegates attending the 2017 Annual General Meeting

The programme started in August 2017 and will run for

CATHSSETA Board Members

12 months and will include study tours to international

The following members were appointed to the CATHSSETA

destinations that excel in our related sectors such as Las

Board in April 2017 and as per the CATHSSETA Constitution,

Vegas, Hong Kong, Iceland, Dubai and India.

they represent different critical constituents of CATHSSETA – from the employers, labour, government, community

CATHSSETA also provides skills to young people in the equine subsector. For decades young people continued to work in the sector without adequate training and were exposed to dangerous working conditions. This training will equip the learners in this sector. “Our work as CATHSSETA to increase access to our offerings

members and interest groups. They are: Pumzile Kedama Board Chairperson and EXCO Dr Victor Ramathesele EXCO

continues. We have improved our interaction with employer

Bulelwa Seti

organisations and extend services to small communities.

EXCO and Finance and Remuneration

This is demonstrated by improvement in Work Integrated Learning and several other skills programmes,” she said.

Michael Sikani EXCO

Discretionary Grant funding

Carva Pop

The Discretionary Grant window opened on 27 November

Governance and Strategy

2017 and will close on Monday, 15 January 2018. Stakeholders and legal entities who fall within the CATHSSETA

Eddy Khosa

scope can apply. Applications are for the following pivotal

Governance and Strategy

programmes: • Learnerships • Apprenticeships

Leela Reddy Governance and Strategy

• Bursaries

Barry Hendricks

• Internships

Finance and Remuneration

• Skills Programmes • Skills Programme – Adult Education & Training, Skills Programme – Information, Communication & Technology • Work Integrated Learning (University placement) • Work Integrated Learning NCV Level 4 & Nated 6 (TVET College placement)

Phelisiwe Sithole Finance and Remuneration


Source: SAnews

Tackling gender-based violence


elp is just a phone call or text away for victims of

Service, the Emergency Management Services and the

abuse, thanks to the Department of Social De-

Department of Health.

velopment’s Gender-Based Violence Command

Immediate counselling

Centre (GBVCC). As the country observes the 16 Days of Activism for No

The GBVCC uses mobile technology to estimate the lo-

Violence against Women and Children campaign from

cation of a caller, assign the closest social worker in the

25 November to 10 December, Social Development

field to the case, and record and receive continuous feedback on the case.

Minister Bathabile Dlamini has encouraged survivors of abuse to make use of the GBVCC. The 24-hour call centre assists survivors of gender-

The GBVCC toll-free number is 0800 428 428. Alternatively, the public can send a Please Call Me to *120*7867#, SMS “Help” to 31531 or Skype: HelpMeGBV

based violence (GBV) with support and guidance from trained social workers.

Minister Dlamini said the centre is aimed at making the department as responsive as possible. “Additional functionality available to the department on a real-time basis

includes strategic reporting which will highlight trends

It was established to deal with violence against

in specific locations or types of violence occurring, as

women and children and offers a comprehensive,

well as an indication of demand for social workers in a

integrated system that provides immediate, consistent,

specific district,” said Minister Dlamini.

coordinated and timely support to survivors of GBV. Its services are linked to the South African Police


The centre has contributed to government’s interventions on GBV as a rapid response mechanism to deal

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

speedily and effectively with issues wherever they arise. It provides a single point of entry for survivors of at-

home, work and in public spaces, added the Minister. “Schools, which used to be safe havens for our

tacks to request emergency help, seek advice and

learners, have now become high-risk areas for our girl

receive counselling, and access other social services

children because of some unscrupulous teachers and


caretakers, who abuse them sexually. Many boys have also become victims of sexual abuse.

Exposing perpetrators of violence

“The crime of human trafficking needs to be high-

Meanwhile, Minister in the Presidency responsible for

lighted more in the country as it is a silent crime, where

Women, Susan Shabangu, has emphasised the need

victims disappear without trace,” she said.

for communities to work with the law enforcement

Women and children are subjected to other non-

agencies to ensure that perpetrators of

violent but equally harmful forms

violence are brought to book.

of violation, such as abusive

16 Days of Activism

She was representing President Jacob Zuma at the launch of the 16 Days


of Activism for No Violence against

This year marks the

Women and Children campaign in the

19th anniversary of the

Eastern Cape recently. Minister Shabangu said through the campaign, government is raising

16 Days of Activism

awareness about violence directed at

for No Violence against

women and children and that it must

Women and Children

be stopped.

campaign in

“Women and children are raped by

South Africa.

people who say they love them and yet they end up violating them. We are happy with the launch of the campaign because we are going to root out this evil in society,” Minister Shabangu said. The Minister said recently the country had witnessed some of the worst and most shocking incidents of violence

The campaign focuses on raising awareness about the negative impact of violence on women, children and

against women and children.


language and deprivation of necessary material support in their homes, the Minister noted. From April 2016 to December 2016, 37 000 cases of sexual offences were reported. Out of these cases, 80 percent were rape cases. Minister Shabangu said GBV is estimated to cost South Africa up to R42 billion per annum as revealed by South African Police Service statistics. Local communities welcomed the launch of the 16 Days of Activism for No Violence against Women and Children campaign, saying this will ensure that perpetrators of violence are brought to book. Nomkhosi Qindi, a resident of

Brutal and barbaric acts

Missionvale, said that men who

“The most brutal and barbaric acts were reported

abuse women and children must be exposed and

such as incidents where women were killed and their

sent to jail for a long time.

bodies were burned and also cases of cannibalism

Another resident Frans du Plessis said government

in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal where body

must ensure long periods of imprisonment for abusers

parts of women and children were eaten. We never

as they deprive their victims of their freedom to live

thought we could hear of anything like that in our


lifetimes,” she said. Almost every day the media reports on abuse at

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

“Men who abuse women and children must be removed from our society,” he said.



Writer: More Matshediso

NSNP more than just food

The National Sc hool Nutrition Programme is providing nutritious meals to millions of learners.


s South Africa looks for ways to keep learners in

The amount spent on the programme is adjusted an-

school for longer and help them excel at their

nually to cover inflation, and the budget for 2017/18 is

studies, the National School Nutrition Programme

around R6.4 billion.

(NSNP) is emerging as a vital component of these efforts. THE NSNP is a government programme that provides one nutritious meal a day to needy learners at schools.

Through the NSNP the department has exceeded its goal of providing meals to about 75 percent of learners in public schools across the country.

NSNP Director at the Department of Basic Education

“Due to the high levels of poverty in South Africa and

(DBE), Neo Rakwena, said 20 619 schools prepare and

the impact of various health conditions such as HIV and

serve school meals to approximately 9 032 622 learners

AIDS, diabetes and debilitating chronic conditions, the

across the country.

need for the NSNP grant will persist for at least 10 more

The programme is important because it alleviates

years,” she said.

short-term hunger and contributes to the well-being of learners, she explained. “Many children come from poor households that strug-

A joint initiative The department works with various stakeholders to at-

gle to put food on the table, and for some learners, the

tend to the general wellbeing of learners. One of these is

school meal is the only meal they have in a day.

the Department of Health, which helps with the imple-

“School meals contribute to learning capacity, concentration and class participation. School enrolment and learner attendance are also improving due to the

mentation of the Integrated School Health Programme (ISHP). The ISHP is a package of interventions including nutri-

feeding programme, meaning it contributes to access to

tion, deworming and vaccinations. The department

education,” said Rakwena.

advises on environmental health and food safety, and

In the 2015/16 financial year, about R5.703 billion was allocated to the programme.


handling of deworming medication and supports deworming at schools.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

An extra hand is also provided by United Nations agencies including the World Health Organisation (WHO), the

and deliver food to schools. The provincial departments also transfer funds to

Food and Agriculture Organisation and the World Food

schools to purchase fuel and pay volunteer food


handlers’ stipends. This model is in place in Gauteng,

The WHO donates about seven million deworming tablets for primary school learners each year.

KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Western Cape schools.

To ensure that needy learners receive support beyond

Other provinces apply a decentralised model where

school meals, the Department of Social Development

the provincial departments transfer money to schools

profiles households.

which then appoint service providers and enter into

Learners are provided for in Community Nutrition and

service level agreements with the suppliers.

Development Centres after school, on weekends, and during school holidays. The department is also a strate-

How effective is the programme?

gic partner in the deworming programme.

Recently, Cabinet approved the publication of the Report

Another stakeholder is the Departments of Agriculture

on the Evaluation of the NSNP which was compiled by

Forestry and Fisheries. At provincial level, the department

the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation

assists schools with garden inputs, tools and rainwater


harvesting in support of food gardens.

The Director for Evaluation at the DPME, Jabu Mathe, said

The department also coordinates and support farm-

the main aim of the evaluation was to assess whether

ers who supply fresh produce to schools implementing the nutrition programme. The Agricultural Research Council provides training on vegetable production to school communities. For its part, the Department of Public Works guides and supports school infrastructure development which includes school nutrition centres and also implements the Extended Public Works Programme which employs members of communities to provide

the NSNP is being implemented in a

“The programme targets all learners in quintile 1 to 3 public schools, which constitute 60 percent of the poorest schools in the country.”

labour in school gardens and Early Childhood Development centres.

way that is likely to result in significant health and educational benefits for learners. He reiterated that the overall aim of the programme is to improve the health and nutritional status of the poorest learners in South Africa. According to the report, the rationale for the NSNP is sound and in light of the prevalence of child poverty and hunger in South Africa, there is a need for a school nutrition programme in all provinces. The programme targets all learners

Various non-governmental organisations are also

in quintile 1 to 3 public schools, which constitute 60 per-

involved in areas such as monitoring, environmental

cent of the poorest schools in the country. The quintile

awareness and food gardening. The private sector also

system sees schools divided into five categories accord-

provides financial resources to enhance programme

ing to the poverty levels in the areas they serve.

implementation. The NSNP is implemented via two different models –

Since the NSNP targets all learners in schools where it is implemented, the programme avoids stigmatising learn-

decentralised and centralised. In the centralised model,

ers who eat the NSNP meals and a high proportion of

provincial education departments appoint service pro-

learners eat these regularly.

viders and enter into service level agreements to procure

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

Serving a nutritious meal on time, every day is the



• The NSNP aims to enhance the learning capacity of learners through the provision of a healthy meal at schools. • Where it has been implemented, the programme has shown to improve punctuality, regular school attendance, concentration and the general wellbeing of participating learners. They are also taught to establish and maintain good eating and lifestyle habits for life. • Nutrition education also provides educators with resource materials to support curriculum and to make every school a healthy one. • Schools are also encouraged to establish food gardens from which they obtain fresh produce to supplement the menu. Learners, teachers and parents are provided with skills to grow their own food, contributing towards long-term household food security. The gardens are also used as a teaching and learning resource and to beautify the environment.

key output of the NSNP, which receives 96 percent of

schools’ concerns regarding the vegetable deliveries

conditional grant funding.

and provide a regular market for local agricultural pro-

The report notes that learners are mostly receiving NSNP meals regularly, but there is room for improvement

duce,” he added. The report shows that the Western Cape, Mpumalanga,

regarding the composition of the meals (number of food

Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and North West

groups and quantity of food prepared) and the time

have best implemented the programme so far.

they are served.

It also suggests most learners enjoy the school meals and most schools are trying their level best to adhere to

Benefits for communities The NSNP not only has benefits for learners but also

approved menus as well as food safety and hygiene. However, there are a few challenges that have a bear-

helps alleviate poverty in communities through job crea-

ing on the effective implementation of the programme.


These include escalating food prices; environmental and

“The evaluation found that the NSNP provides oppor-

tough economic parameters, inconsistent supply of fruit

tunities to over 50 000 voluntary food handlers annually

and vegetables and delays in payment due to inefficient

to cook for learners and they earn a stipend of R960 per

administrative processes in some provinces.

month. “This translates to R576 million a year in stipends which benefit community members,” said Mathe. The NSNP also stimulates economic activity with

To address some of these challenges, the DBE plans to reduce wastage and stockpiling to cut the costs or improve efficiency; to advocate for the ‘school-based’ model where funds are transferred to schools and the

around R5.3 billion spent on meals every year. In addi-

school has greater control; and to promote local pro-

tion, small, medium and micro-enterprises and coop-

curement of fresh produce from communities.

eratives benefit as service providers in provinces which

The department is expected to submit progress reports

have decentralised procurement, such as KwaZulu-Natal,

to the DPME every six months for two years. This will

Gauteng, Mpumalanga and the Northern Cape.

encourage the department to ensure that more schools

“Local sourcing of vegetables has the potential to also benefit schools and communities and stimulate local agriculture. “If adequately supported, this may help to address


implement the programme more effectively, and more learners are supported. The full report can be obtained from the DPME website at

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


BOKAMOSO FOODS Bokamoso Foods was established on 14

Bokamoso Foods is swiftly gaining momentum

August 2017 from the platform of a 16 year old

in the food and beverage industry as a

beverage company. The aim is to establish

manufacturer and service provider. As a

this business as a major role player in the

competitive manufacturer, we customise

industry – not only as a manufacturer, but also

formulation and packaging according to

as a service provider. As a company, we seek

customer requirements.

to offer solutions and implement beverage systems to acquire total control over issuing

We currently manufacture the following items

products in order to enable savings and


eliminate over expenditure.

• Sugar sachets • Creamer sachets

As a manufacturer, we are highly competitive

• Hot chocolate

within various industries and are able to

• Coffee sachets

formulate and pack according to customer

• Cold drink powder

requriements. Bokamoso Foods acquried

• Black tea bags

Bevco Tea & Coffee and is currently operating

• Rooibos tea bags

as a 100% black female-owned business. Our

• Milk powder blends

current BEE rating is Level 1.

• Sweetener sachets • Bulk pre-mix tea and coffee


• Bulk tea and coffee urn bags

Lesego Serolong is the sole owner of Bokamoso

• Ration or portion control packs

Foods and her vision is to see the business grow

• Honey

its market share through service excellence

• Propolis

and stellar product offering. The current basket

• Beeswax

on offer will complement her long-term goal of introducing various natural supplements to

We have our own blending operation

widen the product offering, as well as expose

and in addition to company packaging

the business to retail and export opportunities.

specifications, tailor pack and distribute client

Serolong co-founded and chairs a non-

or third party pack sizes for weights between

profit organisation called Raise the Children

2g–25kg. We source raw materials from reliable

International, providing scholarships to orphans

suppliers and blend or pack according to your

from rural communities, and also founded and

specific recipe or packing method.

manages a social enterprise currently involved with agriculture.


Writer: Dr Sandile But helezi

SANAC to lead the Prevention Revolution


he world’s attention was on the issue of HIV and AIDS recently with 1 December designated as World AIDS Day.

In South Africa, the South African National Aids Council

especially in communities hardest hit by HIV. In a UNAIDS Discussion Paper on prevention, combination programming is defined as “rights-based, evidenceinformed, and community-owned programmes that use

(SANAC) took up a challenge highlighted by Deputy

a mix of biomedical, behavioural, and structural interven-

President Cyril Ramaphosa.

tions, prioritised to meet the current HIV prevention needs

He is the Chairperson of SANAC and at the end of the

of particular individuals and communities, so as to have

South African National AIDS Conference in June 2017 he

the greatest sustained impact on reducing new infec-

called for a Prevention Revolution to prioritise taking ac-


tion early in the same way we do with treatment. In South Africa approximately 270 000 people are newly

While we appreciate that the pace of decline in new infections is not fast enough, the reality is that we have not

infected with HIV every year, at same time almost 48

put prevention back at the top of our priority list. SANAC

million South Africans are HIV-negative. Our major task is

will have to take major strides to address this, which is

therefore to keep them free of HIV and AIDS.

why the new National Strategic Plan for HIV, TB and STIs (2017-2022) has placed prevention as the first goal

Combination prevention approach We know what to do and how to do it.

with the bold target of reducing new HIV infections by more than 60 percent and cutting TB incidence by at least 30 percent.

Over the past few years we have gained

South Africa has made significant progress.

knowledge and appreciated the efficacy

More than 10 million people are tested for HIV

of new tools to prevent HIV, from pre-ex-

each year and new HIV infections declined

posure prophylaxis to the knowledge that

from 367 946 in 2011 to 266 618 in 2016.

an undetectable viral load

We have also recorded major successes in the

dramatically reduces the risk of transmis-

reduction of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from 3.6 percent to 1.5

sion. SANAC’s urgent

percent which is the lowest rate

and immediate task

in southern Africa. In addition,

will be to rally every-

the number of infants born

one behind a new

HIV-positive has dropped

prevention revolu-

from 70 000 in 2003 to less

tion that harnesses

than 6 000 in 2015, putting

a combination pre-

us on the road to elimi-

vention approach,

nating mother-to-child Dr Sandile But helezi.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

transmission of HIV. But these gains could be reversed if

infection must also be addressed earnestly by investing

we do not take urgent and immediate action to step up

now for sustainable long-term solutions.

our prevention efforts.

We know that people at risk of HIV infection have a cascade of HIV prevention needs. They need to be

What does a Prevention Revolution look like?

aware of risk, learn how to protect themselves (including knowing their HIV status) and have the means to protect

Everyone speaks of combination pre-

themselves. They also need the power to make

vention, but we have not committed

informed decisions about HIV prevention op-

to specific programmatic priorities and actions. The referral pathway for HIV-negative individuals for instance, is poorly defined and implemented therefore it is an area that must be strengthened. Although targets for a multi-sectoral prevention response exist, they are not as memorable as the treatment targets. Every AIDS council must have a robust prevention plan and be capacitated and financed to monitor, track and review implementation progress. Service providers also need guidance regarding the range of new combination prevention options that are now available. They are grappling with the rapidly changing landscape

“Social and structural drivers which place people at risk of infection must also be addressed earnestly by investing now for sustainable long-term solutions. ”

and face the challenge of conveying

tions and to receive support for their choices. Just as innovation has changed the landscape of HIV prevention in the past, it will remain critical going forward. We can’t continue doing the same things hoping for different outcomes.

Communities have a role to play Combination prevention will only work if it is based on a genuine understanding of the nature of the epidemic in each community. Communities and local organisations are well placed to contribute their knowledge and expertise to highlight who and where to focus and what works. They should be at the forefront of the local prevention response. Communities will need to use their power to push this new HIV-prevention revolution and

increasingly complex sexual health information in a way

hold governments, donors and themselves accountable.

that resonates with key populations such as men who

Without community ownership, the target of reducing

have sex with men, young girls and women. Furthermore,

new HIV infections by 50 percent by 2022 and virtually

we need to create coherent and consistent prevention

eliminating them by 2030 will not be achieved.

messages so that we don’t overemphasise one at the expense of others. We can’t afford to leave anyone behind. To maximise impact and use resources optimally,

I am also committed to making sure SANAC provides the leadership needed to achieve these goals. For SANAC to reach its full purpose and potential, it too must

proven high-impact HIV prevention interventions must

change. It is time for us to recognise our shortcomings

be delivered to key locations and priority populations.

and reform the way we work.

Protecting human rights, safeguarding gender equality

Let our actions count!

and ensuring access to services for key and vulnerable populations have a pivotal role in the HIV response. Social and structural drivers which place people at risk of

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

*Dr Sandile Buthelezi is the CEO of SANAC.




mail downtime is frustrating for any

The benefits are obvious as different departments

organisation. In the business world, the

are able to not only share information and be more

frustration is commercial in nature as it

productive, but also save costs as creaking on-

results in a loss of productivity which often leads to

premises infrastructure can be decommissioned.

a loss of customers and revenue. It’s important that there isn’t single vendor However, when it comes to government

dependency for something as important as email.

departments and local authorities, downtime has a

In fact, these departments should implement a

direct impact on the delivery of vital services to the

cyber resilience strategy in the cloud to protect


themselves from email-borne cyberattacks, business disruption and data loss. And yet,

In today’s cyber threat landscape, malicious actors

according to a Vanson Bourne and Mimecast

are constantly looking for new and improved ways

study, only 23% of surveyed businesses and

to attack government organisations’ sensitive

organisations in South Africa currently have a

data such as child protection, public safety or

cyber resilience strategy in place.

healthcare institutions. These organisations all run on email and because citizens depend on them to

Cyber-attacks and data breaches are becoming

constantly deliver services, they need to be secure,

common place and it’s often prominent

always online and able to recover data in the event

organisations with thousands or even millions of

of a crisis.

personal records that fall victim. It is therefore essential that any organisation that keeps the

The public sector in South Africa is increasingly

personal information of individuals should have

adopting the cloud, which is understandable as

the most advanced security in place. And when

integrated productivity tools can be instrumental

you consider the fact that several government

in improving how organisations operate and

departments are sharing the same service and

effectively deliver services. It is entirely plausible

hosting the data all in one place, the need for

to believe that the majority of public sector services

security becomes even more vital. An additional

will be dependent on Office 365 very soon.

layer of security on any cloud service will provide


protection against email-borne impersonation

result in several government departments being

attempts, malicious URLs, unknown malware

affected at once.

attachments and advanced attacks like ransomware.

The risks don’t stop with service continuity and security either. Hosting all your email and data with

However, it goes beyond keeping your

a single vendor raises important questions about

networks secure. In the event of a cyber-attack,

data assurance. Do you have an independently

organisations that deliver crucial public services

verifiable additional copy of your data for when you

can’t afford to be offline. They should be able to

need it?

guarantee the safety and availability of critical data without an independent copy. And they should be

Organisations need to consider the possibility

able to continue operating effectively and deliver

of data loss or corruption after a cyber-attack or

services that rely on the availability of email.

technical failure. The Vanson Bourne research showed that over half (53%) of respondents were

Breaches often lead to downtime, leaving

completely confident that they would be able to

employees unable to access every day tools like

restore all important files in the event of an email-

Microsoft Outlook or G-Suite by Google Cloud. This

borne ransomware attack.

halts the delivery of vital services, which can have disastrous consequences.

A multipurpose archiving solution can help mitigate that risk by creating a digital corporate memory

It’s not only cyber-attacks that affect continuity.

and allowing you to restore email on-demand.

If Microsoft suffers an Office 365 outage,

Government departments can be rest assured that

organisations that depend on the single cloud

their data is always available, always replicated

service don’t have much option but to wait until

and always safe in the cloud.

services are reinstalled. Many of us now live in a cloud-only world. So the Of course this is not limited to Microsoft. All IT

question to ask ourselves is: what will happen

systems and cloud services can fail, but when that

when Office 365 goes offline, is hacked, corrupted

happens in the public sector, it grabs headlines

or loses my data? Do we have a plan B? Do we

and affects lives.

have an effective cyber resilience strategy in place that will help us continue with business as usual

For years IT teams have built disaster recovery

when disaster strikes?

plans on the belief that if IT fails, you’ll need a plan B. Nothing changes in a cloud-first world.

Moving email and its data to Office 365 exposes public sector organisations to significant single

Cloud services clearly fail and if you don’t have

vendor continuity, security and data integrity risks

an independent continuity service, your email will

that Microsoft alone cannot mitigate. Additional

be down until Office 365 gets it back up again.

third-party cloud services are the only way to

Unfortunately, this could take hours or even days

mitigate these risks.

and could affect an entire region, which could



President Jacob Zuma opens t he InvestSA One Stop Shop in KwaZulu-Natal.

Unlocking opportunities for businesses


he business community in Kwa-

proving the ease of doing business in

preferred destination for investment,

Zulu-Natal is anticipating an

South Africa in order to create a sus-

he added.

increase in investment after the

tainable and competitive economy.

launch of the InvestSA One Stop Shop

Speaking at the launch of the One

in the province recently.

“It will also attract new markets in KwaZulu-Natal through creating a

Stop Shop in Durban, Chairperson of

conducive environment for trade and

The primary aim of the provincial

the KwaZulu-Natal Business Cham-

investment, making the province a

One Stop Shops is to coordinate and

bers Council, Dominic Collett, said:

gateway to Africa and the world,” said

incorporate special economic zones,

“This centre provides the people of


provincial investment agencies,

KwaZulu-Natal with a hope of pros-

local authorities and the relevant

perity and job creation through the

ban’s competitiveness in attracting

government departments involved in

injection of investment from outside

foreign direct investment has been

regulation, registration, permits and

the province.”

unsatisfactory compared to the other

licensing matters.

KwaZulu-Natal and specifically Dur-

major cities such as Johannesburg

one of government’s initiatives aimed

Preferred destination for investment

at improving the business environ-

It is envisioned that the One Stop

formance has been attributed to the

ment by reducing red tape, lowering

Shop would strengthen the province’s

barriers of doing business in the prov-

the cost of doing business and im-

value proposition to investors as a

ince which include obtaining permits

The InvestSA One Stop Shops are


and Cape Town. According to Collet, the weak per-

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

for water and electricity services as

businesses has been made quicker

well as tax issues.

and easier. The Companies and

has partnered with banks to roll out

Intellectual Property Commission

smart ID cards and passports with a

has rolled out self-service terminals

turnaround time of five working days.

He says all that is set to change thanks to the One Stop Shop. “We look upon new or expanding

“The establishment of these new

businesses to contribute to muchneeded job creation for our people. For us to be able to draw in new investments, we need to create a conducive environment. “It is for this reason that the InvestSA One Stop Shop Centres are being established,” explained President Jacob Zuma at the launch.

Resolving challenges He noted that businesspeople in various forums had informed government about challenges they face when seeking to establish businesses in South Africa due to various bureaucratic requirements. “The One Stop Shops will not im-

The Department of Home Affairs

services should assist to further

“The Department of Home Affairs has partnered with banks to roll out smart ID cards and passports with a turnaround time of five working days.”

mediately resolve all the challenges

enhance our country’s attractiveness as an investment destination,” President Zuma said. The President noted that in light of the current economic challenges, government needs to do more to create an environment that supports investment and helps the country reach the growth targets mentioned in the National Development Plan. The KwaZulu-Natal One Stop Shop will be housed at the offices of Trade and Investment KwaZulu-Natal which is the agency that carries the provincial mandate to attract and retain investment. The province has also established satellite offices at Dube Trade Port

experienced by investors, however,

and Richards Bay Industrial Devel-

every concerted effort is put in place

in partnership with banks, local eco-

opment Zone. The satellite office at

to remedy the challenges,” said the

nomic development agencies and

Dube Trade Port is ready for opera-


chambers for company registrations,”

tion while the Richards Bay Industrial

he noted.

Development Zone is still under

The InvestSA One Stop Shops will be the point of contact for investors


to obtain permits, licences and other

Self-service terminals

regulatory requirements.

Earlier this year, self-service terminals

One Stop Shop opened in Gauteng

In March 2017 the national InvestSA

were introduced to all provinces and

and in September the Western Cape

ments such as Home Affairs, Labour,

are also accessible to small busi-

InvestSA One Stop Shop opened its

Environmental Affairs, Trade and

nesses in rural areas.


Services offered by key depart-

Industry and agencies such as the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission, South African Revenue

The concept of a One Stop Shop is widely known as an

Service, Visa Facilitation Service

investment facilitation or a ‘single-window’ mechanism

centres, among others, will be avail-

where relevant government agencies are brought

able at the One Stop Shop.

together in a single cohesive structure that coordi-

“Government wants to make it easier for citizens to establish businesses

nates and streamlines processes to provide prompt, efficient and transparent services to investors.

as well. As a result, the registration of

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


WHAT THE INKOMATI-USUTHU CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT AGENCY IS ALL ABOUT Water resource management is all about balance, sharing and fairness

South African law says that water needs to be shared fairly among everyone who needs it and that it should be protected for our children and their children and so on. To do this, everyone must CEO, Dr Thomas Gyedu-Ababio

work together to manage water resources in a sustainable, equitable, and efficient way.

WHO ARE WE? The Inkomati-Usuthu Catchment Management Agency (IUCMA) is the water resource management agency in the InkomatiUsuthu Water Management Area (WMA). It was established in terms of Section 78 of the National Water Act (Act 36 of 1998) to perform water resource management at local level. The management of the resources entails protection, use, development, conservation, management, and control of water resources within the WMA as contemplated in the National Water Act (NWA). It is also listed as a national public entity in Schedule 3A of the Public Finance Management Act (Act 1 of 1999). The NWA has three pillars i.e. equity, sustainability, and efficiency.

HOW DO WE DO IT? Involving the community Everyone must take part in planning and making decisions about water resource issues that affect their lives. The IUCMA

must create groups and processes to manage different factors affecting the catchment. Such a group or process must include everyone who may be affected, must be open and honest about its intentions and must be democratic, whereby everyone’s voice counts. To ensure fairness, historically disadvantaged individuals must be trained and empowered to make informed decisions about water issues. The diversity of people and cultures in the Inkomati-Usuthu catchment must be embraced so that a shared understanding of water resources can be built. Making sure that the water stays healthy Checking that all the plants and animals usually found around a river are still there is a good way to make sure the water is still safe and plentiful. If the natural life seems normal, the river is said to be “healthy” and it must be sustained this way for future generations. This is done through a dedicated unit “River health” equipped with a team of suitably qualified individuals under the directorate of Water Utilisation.


Regulating water To make sure that there is enough healthy water for everyone who needs it, the IUCMA has to make sure that everyone follows the rules about water use. Stakeholder empowerment workshops are held to make sure that all concerned individuals are equipped with knowledge needed for taking part in water resources management regardless of their historical or educational background. Systems have been put in place to make sure that all data collected is analysed and made available to water users in a userfriendly manner. To make sure that all water users adhere to the NWA, they need be in possession of a valid water use licence to be able to abstract water from the resource.

verification and validation to see whether people have the right to use water.

Monitoring and information The IUCMA needs as much information as possible to ensure that the catchment is managed properly in support of sustainable economic and social development. It monitors social, technical, economic, environmental, and political factors related to water resource management in the catchment.

However, we don’t have water availability as our catchment area gets insufficient rainfall. We don’t have enough water storage for the region, as we also share water with Swaziland and Mozambique.

Co-operative governance All sectors, organisations and individuals must work together towards the same goal of making sure that the catchment is used sustainably, equitably, and efficiently. A dedicated unit of institutions and participation exists to make sure all stakeholders are mobilised to take part in decision-making relating to water management in the water management area.





The IUCMA has to ensure proper management of the resource at the local level involving stakeholders. We do not provide water services, but work with water services, making sure the resource that they use and give to people is protected, clean and safe. We investigate and advise, as well as empower stakeholders on water use, and do

We monitor water allocation, which is a challenge as the Kwena Dam that supplies an area from Nelspruit to Mozambique isn’t big enough to release water for all the people. The drought has had an impact on planning activities in the past year. We have international obligations to honour, with an agreement to supply a certain volume of water to the other side of the Crocodile and Komati rivers across the Mozambique border.

As the first CMA in the country, we are proud of what we have achieved so far. This includes the compilation of the Catchment Management Strategy; reducing pollution in the water management area; empowering stakeholders, especially the historically disadvantaged individuals to understand issues of water resources management and legislation; verification and validation of water uses and water use authorisations and bringing stakeholders together. We have also assisted schools by providing water as part of our Corporate Social Investment. About Dr Thomas Gyedu-Ababio The CEO of the IUCMA is Dr Thomas Gyedu-Ababio. After studying science, he worked as a science teacher for eight years before pursuing his masters and doctorate in water quality and water resources management. Thereafter he worked for Rand Water Board, managing the Vaal Dam Catchment, followed by 10 years as the Water Resources Manager for the Kruger National Park. He was appointed to the position of CEO of IUCMA in 2016, after serving almost three years as COO.


Writer: Dale Hes

Saving our

most precious resource


orget gold, platinum or diamonds – water is our

Despite good rainfall in some parts of the country,

most precious resource. As a water-scarce country

South Africa is yet to escape the grip of one of its worst

impacted by drought and with a rapidly expanding

ever droughts.

population, public sector managers have a greater re-

The Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape

sponsibility than ever before to reduce water losses, along

are particularly badly affected. Western Cape dam lev-

with the help of the people they serve.

els are at an average of 35 percent capacity which is the lowest in history. In November, Beaufort West made

The current situation

the news for being the first town in the country to have

South Africa is among the most water-stressed coun-

its main supply dam run dry.

tries in the world due to an unpredictable climate, an

“Water scarcity could get rapidly worse as our sup-

average annual rainfall of just 608mm and renewable

ply contracts and demand escalates due to growth,

water resources that are under increasing pressure.

urbanisation, unsustainable use, degradation of wet-

2015 had the lowest recorded rainfall of 403mm,

lands, water losses and a decrease in rainfall due to

which is the lowest since the South African Weather

climate change,” explained Department of Water and

Service began keeping records more than 100 years

Sanitation (DWS) advisor Trevor Balzer in a Parliament


meeting recently.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

In light of these concerning facts and a population which has increased by more than 10 percent in the

which still form an important part of the water conservation strategy today.

past five years (to over 56 million people), the conservation of water has reached critical importance. Public

Projects included:

sector managers on every level of government have to

• Replacement and upgrading of pumps and

stand on the frontlines of this battle doing all they can

motors. All pump stations in the municipality

to reduce water losses and continue providing water to

have been upgraded during the past 10 years.

the communities under their care.

• Replacement of bulk water meters. This ongoing project has ensured that usage from water-

Combined effort needed

intensive users is correctly calculated and

All spheres of government need to be at the forefront

billed for.

of efforts to conserve water. Speaking at an event in

• Replacement of domestic water meters. Water

Durban recently, Water and Sanitation Minister Nomvu-

meters are immediately replaced when report-

la Makonyane said that the country has to proactively

ed to be faulty.

root out unlawful water use, noncompliance of water use authorisation and water losses and leaks. According to research by water engineers WRP Con-

• Pressure management. Water pressure in the networks is brought down using pressure-reducing valves and flow controllers. A more con-

sulting, an estimated 37 percent of South Africa’s water

trolled pressure range reduces the risk of water

supply is lost through physical leaks, commercial losses

losses and has been a primary contributor to

and noncompliant water users, which translates to financial losses of about R7.2 billion. According to DWS, “The main problem areas with the

impressive water reduction figures. • Repair of leaks and burst pipes. The municipality responds to such incidents and reports in under

water leaks issue lie mainly with the lack of adequate

an hour. Slow reaction times result in higher

operation and maintenance of the water infrastructure

volumes of water loss.

system among most of the municipalities. It is also exacerbated by illegal connections and lack of educa-

Drakenstein’s biggest ongoing water-saving initiative is

tion and awareness regarding water conservation in

the replacement of 14.2km of asbestos pipes with longer-

different communities.”

lasting high density polyethelyne pipes (HDPE) and R120

Government’s War on Leaks project aims to address the issue of inadequate infrastructure with the training

million has been budgeted for the project. “We were fully convinced that the latter offered us sig-

of 15 000 artisans, plumbers and water agents to fix

nificantly more advantages and impressive cost-saving

leaking taps and pipes.

benefits. Taking the life cycle of the HDPE pipe as a material into account, it surpasses most other pipe materials,”

Action leading to real results

explained André Kowalewski, Senior Manager: Water

In the water-stressed Western Cape, the Drakenstein


Local Municipality is implementing proactive solutions to water losses. Drakenstein had already made a decision to investigate and reduce water losses in 1999 when 34 percent of the municipality’s water was being lost.

Tests and calculations done on HDPE have shown that the pipe material’s useful lifespan runs up to 100 years compared to a maximum of 30 years with other materials such as asbestos and full stainless steel pipes. One of the most attractive advantages of the new pipes

Identifying that aging infrastructure was a major

is the absence of pipe joints. This eliminates issues with

cause, in 2000 the municipality prioritised projects

corrosion, failing joints and costly maintenance issues,

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



resulting in more consistent and secure water supply. Although the initial costs of HDPE applications and stainless steel fittings are higher than other available options, the municipality is saving hundreds of millions of rands in lost water. Together with the other water-saving projects, over the past five years water losses have been stabilised at between 11 percent and 16 percent. The figure for 2016 stood at 13.4 percent, the lowest amongst municipali-

Metering, billing, cost recovery and awareness cam-

ties nationwide. By 2014, a total of 174 billion litres had

paigns are all cost effective ways in which municipali-

already been saved valued at R872 million.

ties can eliminate non-revenue generating water. Mean-

“As public sector managers, we need to ensure that concerted efforts, along with appropriate funding, are

while, the identification of leaks remains paramount, postponing the need to build more infrastructure.

channelled into water conservation and provision. Wa-

In the meantime, municipalities should all develop

ter supply cannot be viewed in isolation. It is vital for the

WC/WDM strategies, which are vital for long-term sus-

overall welfare of communities and the economy as a

tainability of water resources.

whole,” Kowalewski pointed out. The municipality has various other projects and

“The focus on fixing water leaks will be a primary target, as that is a main cause of loss of water, and mu-

initiatives to boost water supply in the region during

nicipalities will drive the reduction of household leaks

the severe drought. Emphasis has been placed on the

as part of their WC/WDM programmes,” said Ronnie

construction of reservoirs, including an eight mega-litre

McKenzie, Managing Director of WRP Consulting.

concrete reservoir which ties into the Wemmershoek

The June 2013 second edition of the government’s

Dam supply pipeline. Construction is due to be com-

National Water Resource Strategy, titled ‘Water for an eq-

pleted by the end of this year.

uitable and sustainable future’, notes various strategies

“Stepped water tariffs and public awareness campaigns are also playing a crucial role in the municipality’s water saving strategy,” said Kowalewski.

that will be undertaken by municipalities to deal with the water loss problem. In addition to the War on Leaks, priorities include implementing water allocation and water authorisation,

Stemming the tide

strengthening compliance monitoring and enforce-

Although national, provincial and local government

ment, and implementing water resources infrastructure

budgets for water are often inadequate to completely


replace infrastructure, more affordable solutions can stem the tide somewhat. At least that is according to Jay Bhagwan, Execu-

What could the results be? Based on previous studies that have been done for the

tive Manager for the Water Research Commission who

DWS, it is estimated that a realistic target for non-revenue

pointed out that there are municipalities which manage

water of 25 percent is achievable over 10 years if the re-

their water losses within existing budgets.

quired investment of about R2 billion a year is allocated

“There are success stories of municipalities that do not have specific water conservation or water demand

to implement WC/WDM interventions by all municipalities in South Africa.

management (WC/WDM) budgets but their water dis-

WC/WDM interventions can often delay expensive

tribution systems were well managed, their losses were

infrastructure projects. If calculated properly, it is often

all under control and within the existing operation and

found that investment in WC/WDM interventions is highly

management budgets,” said Bhagwan.

cost effective with payback periods of less than a year.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

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Writer: Chris Bat hembu

Say no to corruption

Advocate Malini Govender of t he Specialised Commercial Crimes Unit and Advocate Gerhard Visagie of t he Special Investigations Unit at a media roundtable discussion on anti-corruption.


he most common dilemma fac-

tect whistle blowers. Whistle blowing

cases from both the public and

ing whistle blowers and members

is something that is protected and

private sectors.

of the community who want to

it forms an integral part of the fight

Although those who report corrup-

report corruption is fear for their safety

against corruption,” said Advocate

tion in South Africa are protected by

and victimisation.

Malini Govender of the Specialised

law, very few people are aware of

Commercial Crimes Unit.

this. In the case of the public service,

Some people turn a blind eye to corruption for fear that acting on it

Advocate Govender was speaking

will jeopardise their careers or even

at a media roundtable discussion on

provision for employees to report

their lives. But there are laws that

anti-corruption in Tshwane recently.

unlawful or irregular conduct by

protect whistle blowers or people

The event was organised by the

employers and fellow employees,

the Protected Disclosures Act makes

who report corruption in South

Government Communication and

while providing for the protection of

Africa. Government acknowledged

Information System (GCIS) and was

employees who blow the whistle.

the need to offer legal protection to

aimed at providing in-depth informa-

whistle blowers with the introduction

tion on the work done by various in-

included concerns over public

of the Protected Disclosures Act.

stitutions of state in the fight against

perceptions that there was selective

corruption, using examples of actual

prosecution when it comes to cer-

“There is legislation in place to pro-


Issues raised at the discussion

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

tain high profile cases of corruption the work of the National Prosecuting

Justice meted out to criminals

Authority (NPA) as well as the

Various convictions have been obtained

Special Investigations Unit (SIU).

for fraud and corruption.

and claims of political meddling in

• The NPA secured convictions against

Operating within the law Advocate Gerhard Visagie of the

311 government officials from April 2016 to date. •

Four police officers were convicted

SIU outlined the unit’s approach to

of fraud and corruption and received sentences ranging from seven

investigations and said the process

to 10 years' imprisonment. They are Motaung, Nokele, Manzini and

meant working within the law. “We can only investigate cases

Cornelius Wessels. • Nozinzi Dyonase from the Department of Home Affairs was convicted

once they are mandated through a proclamation signed by the Presi-

of fraud and corruption and sentenced to eight years. • Municipal employee T Salman is serving an effective six years'

dent. “In practice, what happens is that

imprisonment for fraud and money laundering. • The Asset Forfeiture Unit (AFU) recovered millions from individuals

we receive cases of corruption and

charged with corruption. The unit obtained a preservation order for

malpractice and we prepare a moti-

R144 million for municipal land that was sold to private individuals.

vation that goes to the Department

• In the Northern Cape, the AFU obtained a confiscation order for

of Justice and then the Presidency

R59.8 million that was fraudulently claimed by a company, Trifecta, for

before we investigate,” said Visagie.

a lease agreement with provincial government.

He dismissed any notion that the

• A South African Revenue Service employee, Petrus Meyer, assisted a

unit could be used to fight political

businessman to submit fraudulent VAT returns worth over


R4 million. He was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment.

GCIS Acting Director-General

• Two businessmen, AC Scholtz and John Fikile Block, were convicted

Phumla Williams said the fight

of offences involving corruption and money laundering to the

against corruption is one of the

tune of R600 million. They were sentenced to an effective 15 years

foremost priorities of government,


which has adopted a zero tolerance approach to corrupt activities in the public and private sectors. An Anti-Corruption Inter-Ministerial

A survey conducted in March this year showed that 78 percent of

till, both in the public and private sector.

Committee was established in 2014

households had said they believed

Government said corruption has

and is mandated to co-ordinate and

that corruption in South Africa is on

the potential to slow investment in

oversee the work of state organs

the rise while it has also been identi-

the country and can disrupt

aimed at combating corruption in

fied as one of the eight top chal-

economic growth and urged

the public and private sectors.

lenges facing the country.

members of society take personal

Despite this, there is a perception

For its part, the NPA said it is doing

from the public that corruption is out

all it can to prosecute those who

of control.

are found with their hands in the

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

responsibility to stop it. Any suspicion of corruption can be reported to 0800 701 701.


15 November 2018 Johannesburg


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Source: SAnews

Social grant payment challenge resolved

The Sout h African Social Security Agency and t he Sout h African Post Of f ice have found a solution to t he issues related to t he payment of social grants.


he South African Social Security Agency (SASSA)

plan to the court, detailing how it will pay more than

and the South African Post Office (SAPO) have

17 million grant recipients.

signed a landmark deal which government hopes

will bring to life a new grants payment system. “This new system while drawing on the resources

Hybrid model The agreement gives an emphasis to the “hybrid” nature

and capabilities of the South African democratic

of the new model, with the SAPO providing services such

state, will also make allowance for the participation of

as electronic banking services, including the provision

other partners such as enterprises and commercial

of a central holding account and special disbursement

banks in the payment of social grants to beneficiar-

accounts, on-boarding of new beneficiaries and the

ies,” explained Minister in The Presidency for Planning

biometric authentication of beneficiaries.

Monitoring and Evaluation Jeff Radebe. He is chair of the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Social Security. The agreement gives effect to the implementation of

SAPO will also be responsible for the development of the required software solution to replace the incumbent systems as well as provide cash pay points at its outlets.

the phasing in of SAPO and the Postbank as a service

“SAPO will also provide cash disbursement through its

provider and also as one of the key channels through

branch network, particularly in locations close enough

which grants will be paid.

to replace existing cash pay-points. SAPO may develop

The Constitutional Court had given SASSA a deadline of 8 December 2017 to deliver a comprehensive


a competitive alternative to the current cash in transit pay-point service, subject to the approval of SASSA,” Min-

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

ister Radebe said. SAPO does not have exclusive rights

over social grant payments from Cash Paymaster Ser-

over the new system.


Minister Radebe said the hybrid nature of the system

SASSA has received the details of the bank accounts

will see an increased role for commercial banks and

for the about two million beneficiaries who receive their

retailers to give beneficiaries more choice.

grants through bank accounts and has confirmed

It identifies the role of “second economy” merchants such as general dealers, corner shops, spaza shops,

them. From 1 January 2018 the grants of these beneficiaries will be paid directly into a bank account by SASSA.

village banks and cooperatives in the townships and rural areas outside of the 5km radius, which are legally registered and locally owned. The new system will also lead

On 17 March 2017 the Constitutional Court ordered SASSA and the De-

A special, low-cost bank account is also being developed for those

partment of Social Development to

who want to move over to the

find an alternative service provider to

banking sector, rather than rely on

Cash Paymaster Services. The current

the post office or cash payments.

to a wider network of outlets,

contract with CPS for the payment

greater accessibility for ben-

of social grants was declared invalid

Africans who receive their grants

eficiaries within rural villages

by the Constitutional Court in 2014

at the moment through electronic

and townships and eliminate

bringing finality to a legal battle that

means – that is using a PIN num-

transport costs to banks and

began in 2012.

ber at an ATM, a retailer or other

town centres. SASSA’s role in the deal will be to: ■ Manage and oversee SAPO’S performance. ■ Monitor the quality of the services. ■ Convene meetings with SAPO. ■ Assist SAPO, where reasonable and necessary. SASSA has adopted a five-year

The declaration of invalidity was suspended until the end of the contract period to enable SASSA to “insource” the payment of grants. In March 2017, the court further suspended the declaration of invalidity of the CPS contract for another year, to March 2018.

“More than five million South

pay point – will be eligible for this special, low-cost account,” said the Minister. The current SASSA card, provided by Grindrod Bank, has been extended by one year, and will not expire in December 2017.

This was to allow the department

“Let me emphasise this to ensure

and SASSA to find a permanent solu-

that there are no problems as ben-

tion to the payment of social grants

eficiaries move from their current

to all beneficiaries.

payment point to the new commercial bank – the current SASSA

phased-in plan which includes: a Phase 1: Payment of Social Grants as from April 2018 and Cash Paymaster Services exit (year one). • Phase 2: Implementation of

card held by Grindrod Bank will be valid until the end of December 2018,” stressed Minister Radebe. In the rural areas 2.9 million people will continue to

hybrid model that addresses the Constitutional Court

use the current cash payment method which benefi-

directives (year two and three).

ciaries access at the more than 10 000 cash points

• Phase 3: Development of SASSA insourcing infrastructure (year four and five)

across the country. Incumbent service provider Cash Paymaster Services will not have direct control over this process from 1 April

No interruption in grants


The new deal will ensure that 17 million beneficiaries

SASSA will go out on a tender to find a new service

continue receiving grants beyond April 2018, which is

provider to handle the cash payments portion of the

the Constitutional Court’s deadline for SASSA to take

grant system.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018










SUCCESS ON A PLATE When the moment comes to satisfy your hunger, we don’t take anything for granted. Life is too short to eat anything but good food. At Lacuna Urban Bistro, The Maslow, we embrace local produce to prepare bistro-style cuisine. Each plate shows our commitment to culinary excellence, with carefully curated dishes, topped off with herbs sourced from our rooftop garden. Lacuna Urban Bistro is perfect for breakfast, lunch and dinner, while the Lacuna Bar is the ideal place to unwind after a long day.

U-Mai ( Japanese for delicious) Treat yourself to our unparalleled sushi menu from U-Mai at the Lacuna Bar whilst overlooking the oasis gardens with a cocktail in hand. One bite will have you fluent in Japanese, or at least the only word you need is U-Mai.


Writer: Nosihle Shelembe

Coega IDZ is creating jobs T

he Coega Industrial Develop-

land that’s divided into different

ment Zone (Coega IDZ), located


Coega Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Chinese Company FAW has been

near Nelson Mandela Bay Met-

operating in the IDZ since 2014.

ropolitan Municipality in the Eastern

Investors create jobs

During the construction period FAW

Cape, is a multi-billion rand project

According to Coega’s Business

South Africa created 300 work oppor-

geared to drive local and foreign di-

Development Manager Vuyokazi

tunities for the local community and

rect investment into export industries

Gwabeni the value of private sector

has created 240 permanent jobs

and position South Africa as the hub

investment in the 2016/17 financial

since formal production

for southern African trade.

year was R6.996 billion.


Gwabeni said the CDC and the

About 90 percent of the employ-

Coega Development Corporation

Nelson Mandela Bay Logistics Park

ees working at the plant are South

(CDC), the IDZ was recently given the

(NMBLP) provides infrastructure and


IDC Job Creation and Best Provider

services to the automotive manufac-

FAW Vehicle Manufacture SA As-

of Service to Exporters award at the

turing industry and has attracted 40

sistant CEO and Plant Manager PE

Exporters Awards in Port Elizabeth.

operational investors, of which 24 are

Louis Liu said the main products

South African companies.

produced at the plant range from

Developed and managed by the

The development zone offers global competitiveness through tax incen-

At the end of the 2016/17 financial

medium to extra heavy vehicles

tives, rebates and a duty-free zone,

year the CDC had created over

including tractors, tippers, cement

and consists of 11 000 hectares of

7 243 operational jobs within the

mixers and construction vehicles.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

“Our total investment for the project

Employees at the call centre have

The state-owned entity also has a

was 80 million US dollars and the

no excuses for not being physically

youth development programme for

accumulated production in the plant

fit, as their building has been fitted

learners who did not pass maths and

has been over 3 000 trucks,” he said.

with a gym. They can also receive

science in Grade 12. In the 2016/17

“Our products have been

massages and are pampered at a

financial year, 48 learners completed

accepted gradually by our custom-

beauty salon which does their hair

the maths and science programme.

ers in South Africa. They are also sold

and nails.

to other African countries,” said Liu. Discovery Health Medical Scheme’s call centre is located in Zone 4. Walk-

Van Staden said the company will

Other corporate social responsibility programmes implemented and

recruit 140 people over the next four

funded by the CDC include a driver


training programme, bursary scheme

ing through the open plan office one

for chemical engineering post-

can feel the energy of youth at the

Progress in 2016/17

graduates, internship programme


Some of the sectors in the IDZ include

and a youth leadership development

chemicals, logistics, automotive, ser-


The call centre, which started with a team of 50 agents in July 2011, has grown its team to about 1 000 people. “Our call centre makes up about

vices, agro-processing and energy. Gwabeni said in the 2016/17 finan-

Muffin Consulting conducted a socio-economic impact study which

cial year, the Coega IDZ achieved 38

showed that 66 percent of staff are

percent SMME participation.

previously disadvantaged.

60 to 70 percent of our workforce. We

“We trained about 6 697 people

Sixty-nine percent of companies

also have a collections team, which

and to date we have created 9 626

increased their workforce in the IDZ,

is responsible for the collection of

construction jobs in the IDZ. Since

which is an indication that business-

premiums; correspondents team;

1999, we have created 102 794

es in the SEZ are likely to succeed.

business teams and relationship

jobs and 92 583 people have been

teams,” said Discovery Service Execu-

trained since inception,” she said.

ported by Coega’s recognition of its

In addition, 16 investors were se-

dedication to job creation initiatives

tive Ernie van Staden. Discovery’s capital investment for the facility was about R20 million.

The findings of the study are sup-

cured, with a total value of R11.685

and excellent services to export-

billion, in the 2016/17 financial year.

oriented investors.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


Situated in the heart of Sandton, The Maslow is an unexpected oasis for business and social events. Boasting 12 unrivalled meeting rooms, 2 game changer boardrooms and a state-of-the-art conference centre. Whether you’re looking for an intimate meeting place for 4 or a grand affair for 420, The Maslow can accommodate it all.


Risenga Maluleke Statistician-General and Head of Statistics South Africa Risenga Maluleke has been appointed Statistician-General and Head of Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). Maluleke’s journey to becoming the leading number cruncher in the country started 25 years ago when he was appointed as a statistician in in the Statistics Division in Giyani by the then government of Gazankulu. He later became Head of the Limpopo government’s Statistics Division which would later fall under Central Statistical Services. It was during this time that Maluleke was among those instrumental in ensuring that the mandate of provincial statistical offices was extended beyond data collection to include storage, analysis and dissemination. Maluleke was part of the team that delivered the first democratic census in 1996, Census 2001 as well as the last census in 2011. His appointment comes at a time when Stats SA is putting plans together to conduct the country’s fourth population count since the dawn of democracy, Census 2021, which is one of the biggest undertakings by a statistical agency that produces official data. Maluleke’s qualifications include a BSc (Mathematical Statistics) from the University of Limpopo and MPhil (Urban and Regional Science) from Stellenbosch University. He has also completed Senior Executive Programmes with Wits and Harvard Business Schools.

General Khehla John Sitole National Commissioner of the South African Police Service General Khehla John Sitole has been appointed National Commissioner of the South African Police Service (SAPS). General Sitole has more 31 years’ experience in the SAPS, having joined in 1986. General Sitole has served in various rank structures starting as student and receiving basic training in 1986. He has occupied various senior management positions including those of Provincial Commissioner of the Free State, Deputy National Commissioner of the SAPS and prior to his appointment as National Commissioner, Divisional Commissioner of Protection and Security Services. General Sitole conceptualised and developed the Free State Crime Prevention Strategy, which has been integrated with the National Development Plan, as well as the Northern Cape Youth Crime Prevention Strategy which won an international award, among others. General Sitole also designed the Fusion Centre Concept, which is the first-of-its-kind and brings both the strategic and operational dimensions together through multi-disciplinary collaboration. This concept was placed at the centre of the Provincial Crime Prevention Strategy as a platform for coordination.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

©2015 TUMI, INC.


V&A WATERFRONT 021-419-4253



Source: SAnews

Adjust your lifestyle to beat diabetes


mall adjustments to your life-

Dhlomo during a recent event to

the pancreas makes insulin which

style such as reducing your in-

raise awareness about diabetes.

carries the sugar in the blood into

take of sugar and fatty foods

the cells. In diabetics, the pancreas

and exercising for more than 30 min-

About diabetes

fails to supply enough insulin or the

utes at least three times a week can

A person develops diabetes when

insulin doesn't work properly.

significantly extend your life and help

the body doesn’t produce enough

beat diseases such as diabetes.

insulin. Without insulin, the body

This was the message from KwaZulu-Natal MEC Dr Sibongiseni


There are two major types of diabetes:

does not get the energy it needs

■ Type 1, commonly called juvenile

from food. Usually a gland called


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

■ Type 2, commonly called adult on-

hood are also vulnerable,” said MEC

set diabetes.


Both have similar symptoms but very different causes. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood and is a disease

He urged communities to make physical training a regular activity to curb obesity which is a risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

whereby the body’s immune system

“These NCDs not only cause pre-

attacks and kills the cells in the pan-

mature mortality but also long-term

creas which produce insulin, leaving

morbidity. When people engage in

the body without insulin and unable

physical exercise they delay the onset

to regulate its blood sugar levels.

of these diseases.”

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that

The main risk factors for NCDs are

results when the body’s cells become

obesity, physical inactivity, unhealthy

resistant to insulin. In Type 2 diabetes,

diets, abuse of illegal substances, late

insulin is still produced by the body

detection and late diagnosis.

but it isn’t used appropriately. “It is critical for all of us to start ac-

The consequences of unde-

knowledging that we have a diabetes

tected and untreated diabetes

problem in South Africa. Make no


MEC Dhlomo cautioned that those

mistake, diabetes affects everyone. It

• Disability.

with TB are also at risk of developing

does not matter whether you are rich

• Blindness.

diabetes and encouraged people to

or poor and even those in early child-

• Renal failure.

visit their nearest health institution for

• Limb amputation.

both TB and diabetes screenings.

• Diabetes also triggers cardiovascular diseases.

“Having diabetes does not mean the end of a normal healthy life. It is

Common symptoms of diabe-

one of the health conditions that are

tes include:

largely preventable through early de-

• Frequent urination.

tection and learning how to manage

• Excessive thirst.

it,” he said.

• Slow healing cuts and bruises. • Numbness in hands and feet. • Extreme hunger.

Diabetes can be managed by: • Being physically active. Exercise at least three to five times a week for 20 to 30 minutes or for 150 minutes a week.

• Unexplained weight loss.

• Not drinking alcohol.

• Increased fatigue.

• Not smoking.

• Irritability.

• Seeking medical attention early at

• Blurry vision.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

a health facility.


Cool summer style

Writer: Nic holas Francis



hey say less is more and that could not be more true


when it comes to summer. Keep cool in style over the holidays with these items.





Lithe long wrap kaftan, R249.


Woolworths Aztec macramĂŠ swimsuit, R399.


Wild Alice by Queue tribal print sandals, R599.


Woolworths stretch denim shorts, R250.


Aldo Glaocien sunglasses, R199.


Style Republic straw sun hat with tassel detail, R129.


Skagen Ancher watch, R 2799.





Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018






8. Havaianas Hype beach print flip flops, R429. 9. Only & Sons Loom twill shorts, R329. 10. David Jones organic cotton print


golf shirt, R329. 11. Emperio Armani rectangular sunglasses, R1 499. 12. Polo classic fedora hat, R399. 13. Fossil Q Grant watch, R3 799.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



Writer Nic holas Francis

Simple summer sizzlers I

t’s that time of the year when the place to be is by the poolside or under an umbrella at the beach.As

we take full advantage of the beautiful South African weather, no one wants to slave in front of the stove. We have chosen some fresh summer dishes that are easy to prepare, giving you more time for fun in the sun.

Grilled ostrich steak

Combine Worcestershire sauce, garlic,

Grill each side for five to six minutes


salt, pepper and oil.

per side, depending on thickness and

140g ostrich steaks

Rub the mixture into both sides of


2 tbsp Worcestershire sauce

steaks. Cover with plastic wrap and

Once cooked, remove from the grill

2 cloves garlic, finely chopped

refrigerate for two hours.

and let rest for five to seven minutes.

1 ¼ tsp salt

Remove the steaks from the refrigera-

Slice the steaks and serve with salad

1 ½ tsp olive oil

tor and let them sit for 15 minutes.

or create the perfect sandwich.

1 tsp coarse ground black pepper

Preheat grill to medium-high heat.


Oil the grill and place steaks on it to

Place the ostrich steaks on a plate.


Avocado, spinach and strawberry salad Ingredients

1 avocado diced 120g strawberries, halved ¼ cup pine nuts, toasted 40g crumbled feta cheese 6 cups fresh baby spinach Half a red onion, thinly sliced 1 tbsp butter 2 tbsp olive oil 1 tbsp balsamic vinegar ¼ tsp salt ¼ tsp pepper Method Over medium heat, melt the butter in


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

a pan, add pine nuts and cook for

Place the popsicle moulds in the

ple, strawberries, mangoes, etc)

one minute.


750ml orange juice

Remove the pan from the stove and

After two hours, when they are slightly

500ml apple juice

add feta cheese. Mix in olive oil, vin-

set, take them out of the freezer and

2l soda water

egar, salt and pepper.

insert a stick into the centre. This way

1l ginger ale

In a large bowl, mix the spinach,

the sticks stay in place. Freeze over-


avocado and onion. Pour the nut and

night or until completely frozen.

On low heat, dissolve the sugar and

feta mixture over the salad and top

water in a saucepan. Gradually in-

Fruity summer punch

crease the temperature, stir and let it


boil for 10 minutes. Remove from heat,

Berry yogurt popsicles

1l cranberry or pineapple juice or any

pour into a jug and allow to cool. Add


juice of your choice

the chopped fruit and fruit juice and

2 cups berries

500ml water

allow it to stand for an hour. Add the

½ tsp vanilla extract

750ml white sugar

ginger ale and soda water and stir

1 cup Greek yogurt

500ml chopped fruit (apples, pineap-

before serving.

with strawberries.

4 tbsp maple syrup ¾ tsp lemon juice Method Add the berries, three tablespoons maple syrup and lemon juice into a blender and mix until smooth. Whisk Greek yogurt, one tablespoon maple syrup and vanilla extract in a bowl. Fill each popsicle mould with two to three teaspoons of the berry purée followed by one to two tablespoons of the Greek yogurt mixture. Add a few teaspoons of the berry puée until the mould is full.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



Supplied by: Public Ser vice Commission

Bank safely this festive season


hile the festive season may

Examples of personal

be a time of relaxation, it is

information include identity

no time to let your guard

documents, driver’s licences,

down when it comes to your finances. According to South African Banking Risk Information Centre (SABRIC)

passports, addresses and contact details. Confidential information such as

CEO, Kalyani Pillay, “Criminals are

usernames, passwords and PINs

always looking for opportunities to

should also be protected.

defraud their victims particularly at

pending firmware updates by

Criminals can use this information

this time of year when they know that

to assume a person’s identity and

people are winding down for the holi-

create opportunities to impersonate

days and spending their bonuses.”

them and to commit fraud.

Lost and stolen card fraud is still on

Bank customers can guard against

have been urged not to accept any

• Verifying all requests for personal

customers while they are transacting and use the opportunity to swap and

• Not using internet cafes or unsebanking. • Changing your password regular-

falling victim to these crimes by:

Criminals interrupt or distract bank

installing any waiting updates. cure terminals to do your

the increase and bank customers assistance at ATMs.

logging into the admin page and

information and only providing details when there is a legitimate

ly and not sharing it with anyone else. • Storing personal and financial documentation safely.

reason. • Not disclosing personal informa-

• Alerting the South African Fraud

steal cards or trap the cards in the

tion such as passwords and PINs

Prevention Service immediately

ATM for later use.

by telephone, fax or email.

by calling 011 867 2234 if your ID

Customers should prioritise the set-

• Ensuring your password, user ID

is lost or stolen.

ting of daily withdrawal and transac-

or PIN does not contain informa-

tion limits, advised Pillay.

tion that could be used to identify

firewall and installing antivirus


software to prevent a computer

“Not only should customers be cautious when transacting at ATMs but online as well. Digital banking platforms have made transacting

• Keeping PIN numbers and passwords confidential. by shredding or burning it.

created opportunities for criminals to

• Always assume that any Wi-Fi

Customers also need to be vigilant when giving out personal and confidential information.


virus accessing your information. • Ensuring that apps you are using

• Destroying personal information

much more convenient but have also defraud people,” she added.

• Ensuring that you have a robust

network you are using, especially those in public areas, may be compromised.

have end-to-end encryption.

For more safety tips, go to

• Checking if your router has any

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


Writer: Gilda Narsimdas

Pure indulgence E

very once in a while we all feel the need to pamper ourselves or the ones we love with extravagant gifts. Christmas is the


perfect excuse to be generous so we have selected some of our favourite luxury items that will make a perfect gift and earn you


brownie points points.

1. The new Apple iPhone 8 comes with some incredible upgrades including a better camera compared to its predecessor and a waterresistant screen, iStore, R13 499. 3

2. The Amazon Echo Show Smart Home Assistant & Video Monitor offers a new way to connect and be entertained in your home. You can make video calls, listen to music, watch online videos and control certain other compatible smart home devices,

4, R5 499. 3. Pandora recently launched a Disney jewellery range with charms that include classic characters like Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse, Pandora, R779 each. 4. Make tea time extra special with this Regent Chinese cast iron teapot from, R629 for the 800ml capacity.


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018



5 & 6. Spoil the woman you love with this Antonio Banderas fragance, Her Secret Temptation, R455 for 50ml and R570 for 80ml. The Secret Temptation is perfect for the man in your life, R455 for 50ml and R570 for 100ml. 7. If you’re a budding photographer, this Canon EOS 1300D is an excellent entry-level camera to get you started, Incredible Connection, R7 499 for a bundle that includes additional lens, SD card and backpack. 8. Sci-Fi fans will go crazy for this Star Wars First Order Stormtrooper Robot by 5

UBTECH which is appenabled. Its cutting-edge augmented reality experience, voice command


capability and facial recognition features make it unlike anything you’ve ever seen before, ToysRUs, R6 499.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018


Sizwe Simplicity Print Advert_RR_04092015_297mm









x 430mm.pdf



3:38 PM


Writers: Sam Bradley and Andrew De Villiers

Magical E


scaping the hustle and bustle

warned, there are no shark nets in

at raiding food supplies. We merrily

of city life, even if it’s just for a

the bay (it is a reserve after all). This

unpacked and set up our home for

weekend away, can restore

restricts your movements to splash-

the rest of the weekend under the

ing in the shallow waters at low tide.

watchful gaze of the mischievous

peace to the soul. Maphelane in KwaZulu-Natal is 230 km north of


Durban and has all the ingredients

A visit to Eden

for a blissful break.

We arrived via the single sand track

brochure, ablution and shower

that leads to Maphelane from

facilities are “modern” but we sus-

campsite in iSimangaliso Wetland

KwaMbonambi. The thick, green

pect the brochure might have been

Park and means “Big Hill”. The name

multi-storeyed coastal and dune

printed in the 1930s. The warm water

was inspired by its most noticeable

forest (with its full complement of

was an erratic dribble and the

feature – the largest dune in iSiman-

vines, creepers, figs, red duiker, wild

smell of sewage and heavy rust on

galiso (183m) which supports a rich

olives, mangroves, bushbuck and

anything vaguely metallic did not

variety of life in its lush forest.

mahoganies) was breath-taking.

help the cause. That said, this was

After driving through this Eden for a

the only negative experience of our

trasted by the vast open beach and

few kilometres we realised we had

entire stay.

gaping iMfolozi Estuary to the north.

all been smiling the whole time.

Maphelane is the southern most

This prominent feature is con-

According to Maphelane’s official

is deceptive and you should only

five wooden cabins. The campsites

Beautiful stretches of beach

be lured into the water if you enjoy

are sheltered by large mahoganies

As evening approached we

swimming with hippos and croco-

and coastal silky oaks and are

headed down to the beach to have

diles which is not recommended.

patrolled hourly by opportunistic

a look at what Maphelane had to

vervet monkeys, who are masters

offer. Emerging from the vegetation,

The tranquil beauty of the estuary

The beach is spectacular but be


Maphelane has 40 campsites and

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

only 50m from our camp site, we

of the beach and estuary, while

us into children again. We climbed

found ourselves staring at the im-

the other hugs the estuary and

trees, hung on vines and marvelled

mense expanse of ocean in front of

meanders through a Tarzan-like

at all things bright and beautiful.

us and long stretches of beach to

setting under towering fig canopies

Hours skipped by in the rich cool

the left and right. We had arrived.

and criss-crossing vines. We chose

air and eventually our stomachs

On one of the mornings we de-

the latter (the Umphafa Trail) as

reminded us it was time to return to

cided on a walk. Maphelane has

we were planning to spend the


two trails. One climbs up the tower-

majority of our carefree hours on

ing dune and offers stunning views

the beach. The forest transformed

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018

After lunch we scampered off to the beach. Some in our party



chose to take leisurely walks to the mouth of the iMfolozi Estuary to the north, others jogged to a shipwreck about 7km to the south and the rest went fishing at the estuary. Despite Maphelane’s reputation as a Mecca for fishermen, our attempts proved fruitless. This was anything but disheartening as the stunning views of the beach and estuary more than made up for the lack of fish.

Stars above and below That evening we returned to the beach to look at the stars. We stood enchanted as we tried to spot shooting stars. We noticed that as we ran excitedly to the water’s edge kicking the sand up behind us, small glowing “stars” would fling into the air and then slowly fade once they had landed. We stood there stunned. We started to run wildly and shuffle about with expectant amazement, flicking the sand and watching the bursts of luminescent

washed onto the shore with the

light. On closer inspection we found

high tide and were stranded in

we needed after long weeks of

these were, in fact, tiny biolumines-

the damp sand when the water

work. Rejuvenated and relaxed with

cent jellyfish – ctenophores or comb

receded. We spent the evening

wonderful memories of forests, stars,

jellies to be more precise.

watching stars in the sky as well as

ctenophores and sea, we sadly

on the sand.

headed home.

Hundreds of these ctenophores

Maphelane was the magic potion

What to know before you go: The campsites do not have electricity and you are advised to take your own drinking water. Maphelane is 50km off the Empangeni-Mtubatuba road. The road is narrow and sometimes sandy so is not recommended for cars with limited road clearance. For more information see


Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018




East London









Port Elizabeth


Walvis Bay


Richards Bay

Cape Town

17 Destinations all over Southern Africa, non-stop. You could choose other ways of getting to your holiday spot but flying with us is easy and non-stop. Flying with us is also convenient, because we fly to major destinations and smaller cities all over Southern Africa and the DRC, every day. Taking a break? Then make the most of your time off. Because we fly for you.

SA Express is a proud member of the SAA Voyager programme. Visit for domestic flights to Bloemfontein, Port Elizabeth, East London, Nelspruit, Kimberley, Hoedspruit, George, Johannesburg, Richards Bay, Cape Town, Durban, Pietermaritzburg and regional flights to Lubumbashi, Gaborone, Windhoek, Walvis Bay, Maputo, Lusaka and Harare.


Writer: Ashref Ismail

Alfa Romeo Giulia makes its SA debut


he Giulia is Alfa Romeo’s make

the Alfa Romeo spirit, successfully

specification of the Base by adding

or break car. It is built by the

combining all the elements that

17” alloy wheels, Adaptive Cruise

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

have made it one of the most

Contol with STOP function, steering

Group. This is the same family that

desirable automotive brands. This

wheel mounted shift paddles, twin

owns Ferrari and Maserati and it has

includes distinctive Italian design,

exhausts, privacy glass and decora-

prided itself on producing sporty

high-performance engines, perfect

tive aluminium sill plates in the door

Italian masterpieces that have a

weight distribution, unique techni-


unique but strong following in South

cal solutions and supreme weight-

Africa. Of late, however, Alfa Romeo

to-power ratio.

has faltered with its Noddy-eyed Mito

is the Super with Stile Pack and it

Four trim levels are available in

features everything available on its

and the equally benign Giulietta,

the Giulia, coupled with the 2.0l

sibling plus the addition of 18” alloy

which both sold in small numbers.

Turbo petrol engine versions. The

wheels, Uconnect 8.4 CD/DVD/

Desperate to remain viable and to

Giulia Base features a high level of

MP3/Nav, Sports Pack and Conveni-

regain lost “Alfisti” fans, Alfa Romeo

standard equipment without com-

ence Pack for added uniqueness in

has invoked memories of the early

promising on the value for money

the range. The Sport Pack includes

Giulia name by introducing what I

this model offers. The Base models

a sports steering wheel, aluminium

believe is a combination of excel-

features 16” alloy wheels, dual-zone

inserts on the dashboard, central

lent dynamics in a sensational

climate control, Cruise Control as

tunnel and door panels, as well as

design package.

well as Stop/Start technology.

Xenon headlights.

The new Alfa Romeo Giulia is the most authentic expression of


The top model in the 2.0l range


The intermediate model, the Super, extends the already high levels of

Giulia’s distinctive interior and exterior style houses a wealth of

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018







Number of cylinders and layout



Max power:

147 kW @ 5000 rpm

375 kW @ 6500 rpm

Max torque:

330 Nm @ 1750 rpm

600 Nm @ 2500 rpm


8 speed auto

8 speed auto

Fuel tank:

58 litres

58 litres

Fuel consumption (combined cycle):

6.0 l/100kms

8.2 l/100kms

CO2 emissions (g/km) combined cycle



Acceleration 0 -100 km/h (secs)



Top speed (km/h):



standard equipment including

the “2-in-1” turbocharger system

car’s absolute weight, especially

dual-zone climate control, the Alfa

and a 200-bar direct injection high

on the front axle. It delivers 375kW

DNA system and 6.5" Connect

pressure system which combine

and torque in excess of 600Nm for

infotainment system, as well as the

to deliver quick response to ac-

exhilarating performance. It offers a

new efficient active safety systems

celerator commands at all speeds

top speed of 307 km/h, accelera-

such as Forward Collision Warning

while permitting highly efficient fuel

tion from 0 to 100 km/h in only 3.9

with Autonomous Emergency Brake

consumption levels.

seconds and a maximum torque of

and pedestrian recognition, the

Of course the 2.0l four-cylinder


Integrated Brake System, Lane De-

petrol engine is simply a precur-

parture Warning and cruise control

sor to the mighty 2.9l V6 Bi-Turbo

eight-speed automatic transmission

with speed limiter.

engine that powers the top-of-

as standard and are powered by

Giulia heralds the début of the

the-range QV version. This unique

engines made in Italy in areas dedi-

new 2.0l petrol engine – a 4-cylin-

engine is destined to become the

cated exclusively to Alfa Romeo en-

der engine made entirely of alu-

new benchmark of the brand in

gines, using state-of-the-art process-

minium which generates 147kW at

terms of technology and perfor-

es and methods affording them top

5 000r/min and a maximum torque


performance and efficiency.

of 330Nm at 1 750r/min. In addi-

Inspired by Ferrari technology

All Giulia models come with an

All Alfa Romeo Giulia models

tion to the multiair electro-hydraulic

and technical skill, the six-cylinder

come standard with a three-year/

valve activation system, the particu-

Bi-Turbo petrol engine is made en-

100 000km warranty and six year/

lar features of this engine include

tirely of aluminium to minimise the

100 000km maintenance plan.

Public Sector Manager • December 2017 / January 2018












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Fo r m o re i n fo r m a t i o n c o n ta c t m a r ke t i n g @ to p c o. c o. z a




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