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Timothy Khalifa Work Sample


Timothy Khalifa Work Sample

www.timothykhalifa.com timothynkhalifa@gmail.com

The projects presented represent the architectural design and research work of Timothy Khalifa, a B.Arch. graduate of Carnegie Mellon University. The work is centered around a process of inquiry and exploration with a focus on social, economic and environmental sustainability. As an aspiring architect, researcher and educator, he strives to use these multidisciplinary dimensions to promote shared equitable growth.Timothy is intrigued with the intersection of the tangible and speculative understanding of the built environment. He aims to create sensible human centered spaces and processes that impact social and economic equality, advance sustainable innovation in the profession, and create a more accessible relationship between space and its occupants.

01

Home Reconsidered

02

Environmental Charter School

03

Housing Coil

04

LaGuardia Airport

05

Novo Commons

06

Navice

How can building disassembly, material harvesting and new housing construction assist in the elimination of concentrated poverty?

How can a building system embody the educational, environmental, and social goals of a school?

How can we build on a positive relationship with water?

How do we create a unique sense of place within our increasingly globalized society?

How can a library create opportunities for socially equitable community growth?

How does a temporary structure facilitate celestial exploration?


01 Home Reconsidered 317 N St. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, PA

Urban Design Build Studio. 16 Months Professor John Folan Awarded 2019 ACSA Collaborative Practice Award Collaboration with 16 students

How can building disassembly, material harvesting and new housing construction assist in the elimination of concentrated poverty?

The Home Re_Considered studio focuses on housing design and housing implementation strategies that can be employed at scale to deconcentrate poverty. Collaborating with community residents, a non-profit 510c3 Community Development Organization (CDO), a material repurposing center, and job-skill training organization, the verticallyintegrated interdisciplinary studio investigates mechanisms for increasing public knowledge about regionally-specific housing-related issues and developing scenarios for mixedincome development. The objective of the studio is to design a viable single-family infill housing prototype (RE_CON 01) and development strategies for site utilization that can promote inclusive, mixed-income development in urbanized areas where gentrification threatens displacement of low-income residents. The studio explores the relationship between building disassembly, material harvesting, and new housing construction oriented toward the elimination of concentrated poverty. Addressing dramatic shifts in regional housing needs that have precipitated over the past 70 years, the studio utilizes participatory processes to develop viable urban housing strategies that can continue to evolve with regional population dynamics. Developed by a vertically integrated, interdisciplinary team that consists of 4 Fourth Year BArch students, 3 Fifth Year BArch students, 8 MArch II students, 4 Architecture Engineering Construction Management (AECM) students, and 15 students in a collaborating Reality Computing course, the aspiration is that the content represented will aid in the development of thinking and policy related to disinvestment that focuses on inclusion and population retention.


RE_CON 01 RE_CON is a broad housing strategy being developed by the Carnegie Mellon University Urban Design Build Studio and Project RE_ in partnership with East Liberty Development Incorporated. The goal of RE_ CON is to deconcentrate poverty and combat gentrification in Pittsburgh’s blighted neighborhoods by fostering the development of healthy, mixed income communities. Collaboration since 2017 has led to the development of an economic model which leverages new market tax credits and distributes profits from the sale of market rate homes to stabilize existing residents through rehabilitation projects and retrofits. The project works in tandem with DE_CON, a program to harvest materials through deconstruction which will incorporate job skill training in order to provide individuals access to a living wage and a second chance to sustain themselves. These two programs are inextricably linked and feed into each other as we strive to retain existing residents whilst bringing new community members in to create a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable neighborhood.

Funds allocated toward stabilization of existing residents in their home from RE_CON Material reuse and job skill training as part of RE_CON and DE_CON

PROVIDE WAGE

ED UT LDI E

PITTSBURGH, PA, USA

_

REDUCE BUILDING WASTE THROUGH DECONSTRUC TION

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315 - 317 N ST CLAIR STREET,

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$60,000 FOR REPAIRS

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JOB TO LIVING

$700,000 SALE PRICE OF EACH RE_CON HOME LEVERAGED TO STABILZE EXISTING RESIDENTS

SECOND CHANCE FOR INCARCERATED I N D I V I D U A L S

$40,

ROOF


How can a community maintain legacy, dignity, and unity while embracing rejuvenation?

,000 FOR

F

REPAIR

$60,000 FOR I N S U L AT I O N

Home Reconsidered

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Deconcentrating Poverty

Leveraging market rate towards affordability

Mixed income housing designed to benefit the existing community and be employed at scale to deconcentrate poverty 05


Promoting Diversity Not In the Workforce

Affordable

Market Rate

Edith Annual Income: $28,399

Sherry + Kids Annual Income: $36, 540

Nikhil + Aditi Annual Income: $156,023

<60% Average Median Income

East Liberty Demographics

17.3% of people in East Liberty are seniors 65+

69.6% of households in East Liberty are single mothers

Single

Double

One Floor One Bedroom

Two Floors Two Bedrooms

543 SQ FT

1173 SQ FT

79.1% of families in East Liberty are familes without kids

Triple Three Floors Three Bedrooms 1866 SQ FT BEDROOM BATHROOM BEDROOM

MASTER BEDROOM

Housing Diversity

BEDROOM

BATHROOM

MASTER BEDROOM

LIVING ROOM / KITCHEN

BATHROOM MASTER BEDROOM BATHROOM KITCHEN / DINING

LIVING ROOM

LIVING ROOM KITCHEN / DINING BATHROOM

+

BATHROOM

BASEMENT

Home Reconsidered

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Place

An articulation of unbroken fluidity unswerving and uninterrupted. As strangers unite for solidity. Histories deeply detached as we promise to be eternally connected. An articulation of unbroken fluidity. We do not stop at a tie, nor do we start at the head. As strangers unite for solidity.

Iterative design method utilizing environmental wind simulation

A thickened cavity, a place for the eye to feel rested. An articulation of unbroken fluidity. Visibly separate in body, previously misread. As strangers unite for solidity Edges disappear and free the sharpness of dark lines projected. The articulation of unbroken fluidity as strangers unite for solidity. Original poem exploring the notion of place through the re-use of materials from deconstructed homes across the city of Pittsburgh (2018)

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Process models by studio

Daylight Hours >10

0

Controlling solar heat gain through radiation analysis


Jobs Skills Training

The home employs design for deconstruction strategies by utilizing a standardized four-foot offset stud module which reduces the amount of material waste generated by 20% in comparison to traditional stick-built methods. This framing method will not only allow for less time spent on site and less waste but will also provide an opportunity for job skills training. Job skills training aims to facilitate the development of skills that will enable individuals to earn a living wage. RE_ CON will also reuse and divert material from landfill. Offcuts and returns from TAKTL, a local high-performance concrete panel manufacturer, will be utilized in a rainscreen system creating more opportunities for job skills training and encouraging material reuse.

Carpenter $25.39 / Hr

Carpenter Apprentice $13.28 / Hr

Home Reconsidered

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How can we promote deconstruction over demolition? The studio has focused on the notion of deconstructing blight. The aspirations of deconstructing blight are multi-dimensional; with the concept of deconstruction being probed both literally and figuratively. Literally, the studio has engaged in building deconstruction as a physical operation to harvest construction material consistent with Building Material Reuse Association (BMRA) standards and demonstrate how Zero Waste objectives might be achieved. Figuratively, the studio has operated as a group of design activists to deconstruct pre-existing notions of blight and concentrated disinvestment. The repurposed material used on the RE_CON 01 prototype provides opportunity for job skills training with apprentices hoping to get trained in the construction industry, gaining valuable skills in repurposing material and specialized deconstruction that enable them to earn a living wage.

2x4 Lumber

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Pilot Deconstruction Project

PV Panel Aluminum Racks

Polycarbonate


How are materials harvested from deconstruction reused?

Roof Solar collection tubes reused as lighting fixture on RE_CON

Second Floor Interior Walls 2x6 lumber reused for new stair construction

Second Floor Flooring Oak flooring reused as flooring in RE_CON

First Floor Interior Walls 2x6 lumber reused as a porch railing

First Floor Kitchen Equipment Steel scrim on cabinets reused as railing on RE_CON

First Floor Window System Aluminum window frame reused on RE_CON window

First Floor Flooring Oak flooring reused as feature wall on RE_CON

Exploded Perspective Assembly

Home Reconsidered

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02 Environmental Charter School 1780 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA

Advanced Construction Studio. 4 Months Professors Steve Lee and Jeff Davis

How can a building envelope represent the goals of an Environmental Charter School?

The Environmental Charter School promises to â&#x20AC;&#x153;foster knowledge, love of and respect for the environment and the will to preserve it for future generations.â&#x20AC;? Through its innovative design for deconstruction, prefabricated timber strategy and overall passive energy focus, the building intends to foster long-term environmental respect. The opportunity to innovate with timber not only pushes the timber industry forward but also allows for the children and the city of Pittsburgh to believe and participate in a more sustainable future. Exposing the structure to the neighborhood and using the open space to articulate visual and physical relationships expresses the honesty of the building. An understanding of how the structure being exposed can begin to integrate into a system and become a poetic flow of integrated structure and systems ties the building together. Encouraging engagement and spurring curiosity, the program, structure and systems try to avoid a sense of spasticity and push concurrently to create a constant sense of movement. The series of interior atriums flow upwards opening up onto each other, suggesting a constant sense of dynamism. The primary structure is constantly pivoting and shifting upwards in altered directions. In a push to promote progressive educational strategies, the curriculum is designed to highlight student growth through three streams: knowing, doing, and being.


Building Plan 1 2 3 4 5 6

Kitchen Cafeteria Gymnasium Offices WC MEP

3 4

2 6 5 1

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First Floor Plan


B

A C The program is organized around several loops. The loops represent the constant notion of looping between subjects and exploring to learn. The elements of the program loop convene around a central shared atrium. Four major atributes drive the formal and performative characteristics of the A

Heavy Timber Construction

B

25' Sawtooth Roof for Optimal PV

C

Double Skin Facade

D

Self Shading Structure

project.

D

Wall Section

Environmental Charter School

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How can a modular, pre-fabricated, lightweight building perform efficiently?

The design externalizes the structure to minimize interior structure and provide more open space. The curriculum prioritizes ecological literacy by directly integrating the building systems into the curriculum. A double skin faรงade provides thermal insulation and allows for ventilation in an effort to reduce heating and cooling loads. The structure extends through the roof

7 Ply CLT Floor

allowing for PV panels to collect energy as well as rainwater. The prefabricated glu-lam timber beams and CLT floor slabs significantly reduce the amount of onsite fabrication and in return reduce the amount of construction waste. The timber-framed building acts as an emblem for

Bent Steel Plate

future construction and is intended as a tool to educate about the properties and possibilities of wood construction. The school promotes sustainable design and cultural sustainability of the neighborhood through careful consideration for its context and use of innovative material.

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Sum ic olst e 3 Wi

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ols ti

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Sectional Perspective

1 Bioswale

3 Solar Shading System

5 Photovoltaic Panels

2 Winter Thermal Blanket

4 Summer Stack Effect

6 Rainwater Management


Stainless Steel Bolt

Fourth Floor

Steel Timber Connection

Glued-Laminated Timber

Third Floor

6

Second Floor

First Floor

Exploded Axonometric

Environmental Charter School

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17

Building Section + Plan


03 Housing Coil

Waterfront Place, Pittsburgh, PA Environment, Form & Feedback Studio. 4 Months Professors Dana Cupkova with Eddy Man Kim Awarded studio design commendation Collaboration with Adam Kor Full collaboration on all aspects of the work

How can we build on a positive relationship with water?

By the year 2100, global warming, increasing sea levels and lack of land resources have prompted a shift of inhabitation to the waterfront. Living with a constant state of flooding and inundation is a necessity as well as an opportunity to rethink the housing project, the return to the notion of the commons and the collective. As the city that remains on land becomes over-populated, segregated and too susceptible to the climatic fluctuations of the apocalyptic scenario, we propose a network of water settlements that is not tied to ownership of land, territory or rights; promoting the sharing movement of collectivity for new social and environmental engagements. Imagining the event of a flooded Pittsburgh river edge, extracted environmental data of the Strip District site overlaid with the underground combined sewage network and layers of floodplain are used to identify convergences of storm water overflow. Out of these pollution outflows a network of bioswales is developed for water filtration. The filtered water is extracted underground through infrastructural coils that subsequently develop into a collective housing scheme. The coil essentially operates as a communal vertical street, allowing for program to be plugged in as needed. The vertical street serves as the connective tissue between the plug-ins and becomes the heart of the sharing movement.

Housing Coil

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Experiential Axonometric


Along with the resettlement of population comes the need for food & agriculture. As floodwater inundates land, agricultural real estate is lifted above the ground forming a farmscape canopy network between the housing coils. Supported by the water pumped from underground, growing pipes sprawl out from various levels of the coils, connecting to higher grounds on the un-flooded land. While providing new territory for vegetation these pipes also serve to regenerate existing soil. The result is a constant fluctuation of ground between the softscape of the canopy and the hardscape of the existing landform. Housing Coil

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01

02

Sewage network overflow

Bioswale formation

Housing Coils

Bioswale 21

Physical Model


03

Coil as housing infrastructure

04

Housing collective + farmscape

Vertical Circulation

Farmscape System

Housing Coil

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How do diverse landform typologies adapt to a buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life cycle over time?

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Landform typoligies and change across a buildings life cycle


Morphology study of landform typologies

Physical model exploring topographic change

Housing Coil

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04 LaGuardia Airport

LaGuardia Rd and 94th St, Queens, NY Systems Integration Studio. 4 Months Professors Hal Hayes

How do we create a unique sense of place within our increasingly globalized society through a large infrastructural project like an airport?

New York is a city defined by a multitude of scales. Can an airport emulate the city in its degree of complexity in hierarchy and scale? An airport inspired by the urban fabric of New York? Part and whole are interdependent, connection of brain cells allow for conscious to merge as the city blocks of New York allow for the image of New York to thrive. This relationship of parts to whole is not singular, it involves functional order, consistent complexity, and an intricate layering of systems all in dialogue with one another, with its subtle differences forming the whole. As the block, the street, the landmark, the corner store, the person, the light, compose the many pieces of the city of New York, the column, the table, the store, and the skylight follow this dialogue to create a sense of cohesion, control and de-control. Whole and part are able to exist because of their dialogue with hard and soft. Hard as is the city, the built, the manmade, soft as is the person, the green, the light. The backbone of the city of Manhattan, the grid, predominates. The grid has offered a framework for centuries of delirious growth, a skeleton built for uses to evolve and take root. Taking inspiration from the rigor and ration of the Manhattan grid, the grid as a concept is directly manifested into a building. The design concept revolves around the creation of 10 equally sliced division. Four equally located cores support the 10 divisions. As technology related to air travel rapidly advance, the creation of a loose framework for change to actively occur within is needed to guarantee a long life with a loose fit. Within this grid exists a soft disruption, a relief from the grid; the park of the building. The park echoes the relationship between the Manhattan grid and Central Park by acting as a relief space for shared public use.

Manhattan Grid

Manifested Building


1 of 10 structural modules

1 of 4 Core Modules

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Structural Module

Structure Designing with progression in technology and aviation in mind, the building is composed as a series of parts. The 10 modular steel framed slices compose the concourse. The modularity of the steel structure allows the concourse to grow or compress as needed in the future. This sustainable approach to structural integration will provide more flexibility in allowing for deconstruction.

LaGuardia Airport

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Systems 5,147,199 KwH/Year Produced 18 KwH / Sq Ft - 1.47 KwH / Passenger

The integration of active and passive systems is key to the design and efficacy of the concourse. The building uses its four cores for all of the systems serving the building. The full roof space is utilized for the implementation of evacuated solar tubes, which are around 20% more efficient than solar panels. The roof is also utilized for water collection that will be used as grey water. Around 2,334,400 gallons will be collected per year and will offset almost 40% of the existing concourse water usage. A double skin faรงade on the southern faรงade of the building reduces heat exposure in the summer and allows for passive heating in the winter. The facades are all operable allowing for a stack effect to help circulate air within the building.

Building Core (1 of 4) 29

Exposed Systems


Core Module Cold Air Supply Exhaust Air Return Hot Water Cold Water Grey Water Refrigerant Loop Evacuated Solar Tubes Supply/Exhaust Unit Radiant Floor

Building Core (2 of 4) LaGuardia Airport

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05 Novo Commons Competition 1126 Huron Ave, Renovo, PA

John Stewardson Memorial Competition. 9 Days Invited to Participate

How can a library create opportunities for socially equitable community growth?

Novo Commons envisions the library of the future as a library of the people, a communal space for shared and socially equitable community growth. Located at the heart of the Pennsylvania Wilds in Renovo, the first prototyped Novo Commons strives to address the needs of a historically neglected region. The town of Renovo has seen a declining population over the past several decades. 35% of the townâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s population currently lives below the federal poverty line. This trend is not unique to Renovo; the number of people living in poverty is on the rise nationally, having doubled from 7.2 million in 2000 to 13.8 million in 2013. Novo Commons is a prototypical system, which strives to be the catalyst for increased social and economic mobility through education, training, and community engagement. With the objective of creating a space that addresses the needs of a historically neglected region, four key goals are identified to scale the size of the solution to the size of the problem: growing knowledge, revitalizing jobs, inciting collaboration, and fostering community. Each one of these four areas of focus becomes a part of the whole and are manifested into the learn, create, share, and grow modules. The common modules are intended to be replicable and scalable to allow for a proliferation across the Rust Belt. Each module can be replicated individually as per the needs of specific communities. The Novo Commons becomes a tool for social and economic growth by educating and providing job skills training to individuals in the community. This process can lead to living wage job opportunities in advanced manufacturing and assist in defining the Rust Belt as the heart of advanced manufacturing nationally

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Novo Commons

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Replicability

In order to accommodate for rapid and accessible replication, the building utilizes a Flat Pack Prefabricated Timber Structural System that is predicated on a Design for Deconstruction model allowing for a more flexible and scalable lifespan. The system is completely exposed and aims to make building construction more accessible to the public. Through this economic strategy, social emphasis, and rapid construction system, the Novo Commons aims to replicate across the country and promote equality and prosperity. three streams: knowing, doing, and being.

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02 Flat Pack Shipping

Pre Fabrication

On site waste decreased by 20% Construction time compressed by 18%

04

Novo Commons prototyped in Renovo intending to be a catalyst in revitalizing the Rust Belt

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More efficient transportation strategy Design for Deconstruction model

05 Regional Network

Local Catalyst

Renovo, PA

03 Modular Assembly

Rust Belt

Safer onsite assembly process Minimal site disturbance

06 National Impact

United States

Novo spaces proliferate across the Rust Belt forming a networked community

Rust belt as heart of advanced manufacutring in the United States


01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14

Building Plan

First Floor Collaboration Space Job Skills Training Space CNC Router Space Robot Space 3D Printing Space VR / AR Space Computer Space Office Library Stacks Reading Space Lecture Space Multi-Purpose Meeting Space Multi-Purpose Courtyard WC

Novo Commons

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06 Navice Competition Laurel Highlands Trail, Rockwood, PA

Epic Metals Competition. 4 Days 1st Place. Collaboration with Gunn Chaiyapatranun Full collaboration on all aspects of the work

How does a temporary structure facilitate celestial exploration?

The celestial observation shelter, designed like a Chashitsu Japanese tearoom, is a simple one-story space planned intentionally to be almost uncomfortably small, with little to no fenestration on each of the four walls. This provides an environment for intimacy and conversation while directing attention towards the sky above. The geometry is inspired by ship hulls, which represent adventure and discovery and the sextant, an instrument of maritime navigation and astronomical study; emphasizing the practical use of celestial observation as a means of way finding and understanding our relative presence in the universe. The shelter is designed as an aggregation of attached additional bays linked to oneanother providing opportunity for expansion. The adjustable footings allow for situation in uneven terrains.

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Plan Perspective

Navice

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Sectional Perspective


â&#x20AC;&#x153;We hear no joy from all the measured mimes, acting composed yet almost out of life. Frantic confusion grabs my left drumbeat. Perhaps we can oppose eager command, blasphemously rejoicing in rejecting timeâ&#x20AC;? Original poem 2018

Navice

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Biography Timothy Khalifa (Cairo, 1995) graduated in 2019 with a B.Arch. degree from the Carnegie Mellon University School of Fine Arts with University and College Honors. Timothy was a member of the Urban Design Build Studio since January 2018 and also completed a minor in Social and Political History. Timothy received a number of awards including the 2018 AIA Pennsylvania Architecture Excellence Student Award and the 2018 Payette Prize in Building Science. He was also involved in a number of award winning proposals including the 2019 ACSA Collaborative Practice Award and 2017 Epic Metals Competition. He worked as a teaching assistant for four years for the B. Arch. Ethics and Practice, Materials and Assembly, Digital Media and Case Studies in Architecture courses. Timothy has engaged in a number of internships working with Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, HWKN and AESuperlab in New York as well as Raafat Miller Consulting in Cairo, Egypt. Timothy worked at the New York office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill during the summer of 2018. He assisted primarily on the construction document set for the Manhattan West Development aiding with the Department of Building submission as well as assisting with the construction document set for the Moynihan Train Hall Development. At HWKN during the summer of 2017, Timothy worked on schematic design and development for a residential home, an international skyscraper competition and a residential development, concentrating on design work and producing drawings, models, and diagrams while preparing for and attending client meetings. During the summer of 2016, Timothy interned with AESuperlab, a cross-disciplinary creative design studio located in Brooklyn, New York, he assisted with the conceptual design, project development and finalization of a series of projects including Halo NYC, a kinetic 11-ride structure proposed above Penn Station and Solar Charging Stations for Totem Power.


Profile for Timothy Khalifa

Timothy Khalifa Work Sample  

Timothy Khalifa Work Sample  

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