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TIDBITS® LEARNS THAT GRASS IS NOT JUST FOR MOWING by Patricia L. Cook This Tidbits examines grasses around the world. There are many varieties of grasses found from the freezing North and South Poles to many deserts and the lands along the sultry hot equator. • Grasses belong in the plant family botanists call Poaceae. Grasses are considered flowering plants, but the flowers are not showy as they are on, for example, roses and sunflowers. This lack of showiness is due to the fact that grasses are wind pollinated and not pollinated by insects. The colorful blooms of most flowering plants are
needed to attract pollinating insects. • The grass family is very large, containing an
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species occur in North America. • Grasses range widely in shape and size, ranging corn, rice, sugarcane and bamboo. • Grasses can be as short as the greens on a golf course and as tall as bamboo that can reach world are thankful for the manicured greens that allow putts to roll precisely as intended. Pandas are thankful for the large bamboo forests they depend on for their sustenance. Talk about picky eaters: Bamboo is all they will eat!
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Tidbits® of Salina NOT JUST FOR MOWING (continued): • All of our cereal grains belong to the grass family, including wheat, rice, wild rice, corn, oats, barley, millet and rye. • Some grasses can survive in very inhospitable places, from the tundra in the extreme north to the shifting sands in the harshest deserts and even where salt water is present. • Grasses were prevalent across the Great Plains of North America and proved instrumental in making the region a great cattle-grazing area. Since about 1880, much of the native grasslands have been dissected by agriculture. One of the last remnants of this vast grassland area untainted by agriculture is the Flint Hills region in eastern Kansas. Ecologists refer to this ecosystem as tallgrass prairie, and preservation of a piece of it is
1. CURRENCY: What is the image that appears opposite of Andrew Jackson on a $20 U.S. bill? 2. GEOGRAPHY: What is the name of India to local residents? 3. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: What disease is caused by the bacteria “Yersinia pestis”? 4. COMICS: What comic-book series featured Green Goblin as a villain? 5. BOARD GAMES: If you have to go directly to jail in “Monopoly,” what two things are you told NOT to do? 6. MUSIC: In what year did Elvis Presley make his first national television appearance in the U.S.? 7. LITERATURE: What was the title of Dr. Seuss’s last book? 8. FOOD & DRINK: What are the main ingredients of vichyssoise? 9. MOVIES: What town was the setting for the movie “It’s a Wonderful Life”? 10. ANATOMY: What is the function of the amygdala in the human body?
assured in the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve near Strong City, Kansas. • Grains are one of the four primary food groups identified in the nutritional guidelines posted by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The recommended daily grain intake for adults is 5-8 ounces (141.7226.8 g) with at least half of this intake being whole and not refined grain. The USDA website, www. choosemyplate.gov, has good information on this subject. • The connection between grains, carbohydrates and obesity is a hot topic of discussion among nutrition experts in the United States. The Grains Food Foundation (GFF) notes that whole grains are important sources of iron, a nutrient critical to production and release of energy in the body. The GFF further notes that the three nutrients selenium, potassium and magnesium found in whole grain foods collectively may help boost immunity, lower blood pressure and prevent heart disease and some forms of cancer. •
Exotic grasses introduced into an area where
they are not native can sometimes set the stage for an ecological disaster. Cheatgrass that is native to the Mediterranean region of Europe was first observed in North America near Denver, Colorado, in the late 1800s. Allegedly, it entered
PHOTO: Timothy Hutton
Q: When will my favorite show, “Leverage,” be back with new episodes? -- Paul T., via e-mail A: The premiere of season five of the hit TNT show will be Sunday, July 15, at 8 p.m. ET/PT. This year brings 10 all-new episodes starring your favorite gang of thieves, grifters and con artists led by Academy Award-winner Timothy Hutton, along with Gina Bellman, Christian Kane, Beth Riesgraf and Aldis Hodge. This season promises to deliver high action and intrigue -- and maybe some more romance -- as well as bigname guest stars, such as Cary Elwes and Treat Williams. *** Q: Is it true that Matthew McConaughey finally tied the knot? -- Tina R., via e-mail A: Lustful ladies all over the world had to give up the dream of
becoming Mrs. M. in early June, when Matthew married longtime girlfriend -- and mother of son Levi, 3, and daughter Vida, 2 -- Camilla Alves in an intimate ceremony at the couple’s home in Austin, Texas. *** Q: What’s next for the beautiful Andie MacDowell? It seems I see her only on hair color/make-up commercials anymore, and I really miss seeing her in movies. -- Britta, Fairview, Mich. A: Andie just started production in mid-June on the new Hallmark Channel original series “Cedar Cove,” which is based on the best-selling book series of the same name by Debbie Macomber. Andie will star as Judge Olivia Lockhart, whose Cedar Cove Municipal Court is the professional milieu and social microcosm of issues the judge will face in her own day-to-day life with family and friends. The series kicks off with a two-hour pilot, scheduled to air at the end of the year, with a weekly onehour series to follow in early 2013. *** Readers: For your summertime reading pleasure, I want to give one lucky reader a copy of Rebecca Bloom’s “Eat, Drink and Be Married.” Simply e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org or send a letter to Cindy Elavsky, King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475 by July 31, and tell me your favorite beach read. This contest isn’t just for the ladies, although many beach books are classified as “chick lit.” I asked Rebecca if it bothered her to have books pigeonholed as “chick lit.” She told me: “I was offended by it before, but because I thought, ‘Why does it have to be classified?’ But now I’m much more of a realist than when I started writing, and you have to do whatever you can to market your book. It’s a way to classify and sell, and ultimately, that’s what any writer should want. So, I’m not as against it. I don’t think there’s anything wrong with celebrating women with your writing. ‘The Help’ was awesome, and that was a chick flick and chick lit, so if my book is classified as chick lit, that’s fine with me.” Write to Cindy at King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475; or e-mail her at letters@ cindyelavsky.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Orange-Endive Ambrosia For a truly authentic ambrosia, don’t skimp on the coconut! It is an essential ingredient for this old-fashioned salad. 1/2 cup coarsely shredded unsweetened coconut 1/4 cup low-fat buttermilk 1 tablespoon sherry vinegar 1 teaspoon Dijon mustard 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil Salt Freshly ground black pepper 4 navel oranges 4 heads Belgian endive 1/2 cup fresh flat-leaf parsley leaves, packed 1. In 12-inch skillet, toast coconut on medium 2 to 4 minutes or until golden, stirring occasionally. Remove from heat and cool completely. (Coconut can be kept at room temperature in an airtight container up to 1 day.) 2. In small bowl, with fork, mix buttermilk, vinegar, mustard, oil, 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper until well-mixed. (Dressing can be covered and refrigerated up to 1 day.) 3. With knife, cut peel and white pith from oranges and discard. Cut each orange crosswise into 1/4-inch rounds; cut each round in half and transfer to bowl, keeping some rounds whole if you like. (Oranges can be covered and refrigerated up to 1 day.) 4. When ready to serve, trim endive. Cut crosswise at an angle into 1-inch pieces; discard core. In large bowl, toss endive and parsley with dressing until coated. 5. On large serving platter, spread half of oranges decoratively in single layer. Top with salad and remaining oranges. Sprinkle with toasted coconut. Serves 8. Each serving: About 100 calories, 6g total fat (4g saturated), 0mg cholesterol, 100mg sodium, 12g total carbs, 3g dietary fiber, 2g protein. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www.goodhousekeeping.com/recipefinder/. (c) 2012 Hearst Communications, Inc. All rights reserved
For Advertising Call (785) 404-1000 MOWING (continued): as a contaminant of agricultural seed. This grass is now a troublesome pest across much of arid western North America and rated by the USDA as a highly invasive species. •
Not only is bamboo food for pandas, it is a
versatile construction material. Its uses include flooring, fencing, decking, support poles, paneling, edging and conduits (piping) to transport water. • Bamboo is also becoming known in the bicycle world as a raw material for bicycle frames. Bamboosero is a company dedicated to using bamboo to construct bicycle frames in developing countries. Bamboo is an excellent choice for frames due to its strength and flexibility. Also, bamboo is plentiful in many developing countries, and building bicycles provides needed employment to produce a useful product. Visit www.bamboosero. com to learn more. •
Native peoples in North America and Africa
used grasses and other plants as the fibrous material for weaving baskets. In the low country of South Carolina, descendants of West African slaves continue the traditions of basket weaving using sweet grass that is common to coastal South Carolina. Native Americans in California are believed to have managed vegetation using periodic land fires to remove unwanted plant litter, trees and shrubs from stands of deergrass, a grass prized in basket weaving.
TOP TEN MOVIES 1. Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted (PG) animated 2. Prometheus (R) Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender 3. Snow White and the Huntsman (PG-13) Kristen Stewart, Chris Hemsworth 4. Men in Black (PG-13) Will Smith, Lee Jones WANT TO III RUN YOUR OWNTommy BUSINESS? 5. Marvel’s The Avengers (PG-13) Robert Downey Jr., Publish a Paper in Your Area If You Can Provide:Chris Sales Evans Experience · A Computer · Desktop Publishing Software · A Reasonable Financial Invest ment 6. The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel (PG-13) Judi Dench, We provide the opportunity for success! Bill Nighy 7. What to Expect When You’re Expecting (PG-13) Cameron Diaz, Jennifer Lopez www.tidbitsweekly.com 8. Battleship (PG-13) Taylor Kitsch, Alexander Skarsgard 9. The Dictator (R) Sacha Baron Cohen, Jason Mantzoukas 10. Moonrise Kingdom (PG-13) Bruce Willis, Edward Norton
belief that grass, untainted by pesticides, is not harmful to dogs. • Two of the most important services rendered by grasses are those of a soil builder and a soil conservation agent. Oats, rye and ryegrass are often used as green manure and cover crops. A green manure crop is one that is grown and
“Lots of Candles, Plenty of Cake” By Anna Quindlen (Random House, $26) Reviewed by Rose M. Croke Bestselling author and Pulitzer Prize-winner Anna Quindlen delivers a memoir of essays on aging, middle age, marriage and motherhood in her new book, “Lots of Candles, Plenty of Cake.” As she nears her 60th birthday, Quindlen takes a look back at the people, places and “stuff” that inform her present and inspire her to look to the future with optimism and gratitude. In the opening lines of the book, Quindlen says about the arc of her life: “First I was who I was. Then I didn’t know who I was. Then I invented someone, and became her.” It wasn’t until she turned 50 that Quindlen realized she didn’t care any longer about what people thought of her, and how liberating a feeling that is. An op-ed columnist for The New York Times from 1981 to 1994, Quindlen won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 1992. In 1995, she left the newspaper to devote herself to becoming a novelist. She is now the author of five bestselling novels and eight nonfiction books. Quindlen mines the events of her life -- everything from losing her mother to cancer while she was in college to questioning whether she wanted to have children. In the eloquent writing style she is known for, Quindlen speaks honestly about faith, loss, expectations, feminism and her decision to leave the Catholic Church. She also writes about aging gracefully and the lengths many women go to preserve their youth, comparing some grooming tactics to embalming. In the end, Quindlen doesn’t claim to have the magical elixir for a happy, long life. “One of the amazing, and frightening things about growing older,” she writes, is that you become aware of “how many times it could have gone a different way, the mistakes that you averted, not because you were wise, perhaps, but because you were lucky.” (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
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accepted answer. Some possible answers are that
diet. Veterinarians are generally unified in the
dogs eat grass? It’s a question that has plagued
serves as a laxative by adding fiber to the dog’s
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probably observed them eating grass. Why do
dogs simply like the taste of grass or that grass
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Green Gardening Q: What are some ways that I can keep my garden environmentally friendly? -- Tucker in Hartford, Conn. A: A garden by itself is a great way to make a positive environmental impact, both beautifying your property and providing lots of fresh herbs and vegetables -- so you don’t have to make as many trips to the store to buy veggies that were trucked in. But there also are direct environmental issues concerning the care of a garden, such as the impact of chemical fertilizers and bug sprays. There are a number of ways to reduce this impact: --Catch rainwater in a barrel to use in watering the lawn and garden: place the barrel underneath your home’s downspout. A covered barrel will discourage mosquitoes from taking up residence.
PHOTO: Mads Mikkelsen HOLLYWOOD -- NBC is taking a cue from “Grimm” to give us a show about --cannibalism! And who’s better known than Hannibal the Cannibal from “Silence of the Lambs”? NBC has ordered 13 “Hannibal” episodes for mid-season and cast 46-year-old Danish actor Mads Mikkelsen in the lead role. The Cannes Film Festival jury just handed Mikkelsen top acting honors for “The Hunt,” in which he skillfully played a man faced with public hysteria after being accused of child molestation. Mikkelsen took on James Bond in 2006’s “Casino Royale,” and was the leader of the King’s Guard in 2010’s “Clash of the Titans.” In August, he films “Thor 2” with Chris Hemsworth, Natalie Portman and -- what do you know -- Anthony Hopkins! Who better to get Hannibal Lecter tips from than the man who won his Oscar for creating him? We’ll see “Hannibal” long before “Thor 2” is released in November 2013. There’s gonna be a lot more vegetarians after this
--Build a compost pile to use as your main source of fertilizer and rich soil in the garden. --Hand-weed the garden if possible. If you must use chemical weed-killer, use it exactly as directed on the package or bottle. --Use the right amount of fertilizer recommended for the types of plants in your garden. Too much fertilizer can result in excess runoff into nearby streams or lakes, ecosystems that often are already stressed by lawn chemicals and fertilizers. --Visit a local co-op, community farm or farmer’s market to get information on organic and environmentally sustainable gardening. Classes or seminars are available in many cities for aspiring organic gardeners. There’s plenty of information out there, so head to the Internet and look around. HOME TIP: A list of tips on organic and sustainable gardening, composting and more can be found at http://www.globalstewards.org/gardenecotips.htm. Send your questions or tips to firstname.lastname@example.org, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
show comes out! *** Woody Allen is coming home after making his past three films in London (“You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger”), Paris (“Midnight in Paris”) and Italy (“To Rome With Love”). His next, still untitled film will star stand-up comics Louis C.K. and Andrew Dice Clay, as well as “30 Rock’s” Alec Baldwin (also in “To Rome with Love”), Oscar winner Cate Blanchett, “Will & Grace’s” Bobby Cannavale and “Green Lantern’s” Peter Sarsgaard. It’s being shot in Barcelona, Paris and Rome, as well as New York and San Francisco. Woody also has signed former “Doogie Howser, M.D.’s” Max Casella to costar. Where has Max been since “Doogie” ended in ‘93? He played opposite Johnny Depp in “Ed Wood” (‘94) and played Pvt. Paparelli in “Sgt. Bilko” (‘96). In 1997, he created the role of Timon on Broadway in “The Lion King,” for which he won a Theatre Guild Award. In ‘99 he did “Analyze This” with Robert DeNiro and Billy Crystal, and in 2000, he did the revival of “The Music Man.” In ‘02 he joined “The Sopranos” (in its 3rd season) as Benny Fazio, did the ESPN series “The Bronx Is Burning” in ‘07, voiced the penguin in the animated “The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea,” was in “Leatherheads” with George Clooney (2008) and now appears as Leo D’Alessio on HBO’s “Boardwalk Empire.” Max lives in NYC with his wife and two children, while his “Doogie” co-star Neil Patrick Harris lives in L.A. with his husband, David Burtka, and their two children ... talk about going in different directions! Woody also has adapted “Bullets Over Broadway” as a musical, and it’ll open -- on Broadway -- sometime in 2013. It’s worth a shot! Send letters to Tony Rizzo’s Hollywood, 8306 Wilshire Blvd., No. 362, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.
Tidbits® of Salina
Ways to Control Irregular Heart DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Last fall, my heart started to jump around, and I took it that I had palpitations, although I wasn’t sure what palpitations were. It turns out I had atrial fibrillation. Since then, I have been on many medicines for the atrial fibrillation plus Coumadin, a blood thinner. The Coumadin requires frequent trips to the lab. I have a hard time getting around. I don’t drive. My doctor suggests ablation. What are your thoughts? -- H.M. ANSWER: Atrial fibrillation is in either first or second place when it comes to heart questions. It means the heart beats rapidly and irregularly. The rapid heart pumps less effectively, and the irregular beat promotes the formation of blood clots in the upper heart chambers. Those clots, or pieces of them, can be carried through the circulation to the brain, where they cause a stroke. Treatment for atrial fibrillation aims to slow the heart, get it to beat regularly and prevent clots from forming if a regular rhythm cannot be attained. Medicines sometimes can both slow the heart and restore a normal rhythm. If a normal rhythm is not achieved, the patient will still do well if the heart beats slowly. That patient, however, must add to his or her treatment a blood thinner like Coumadin to prevent clots and a stroke. Your doctor has suggested a way to restore a regular beat -- ablation. A
heart doctor inches a special catheter -- a thin, pliable tube -- from a surface blood vessel to the heart. The catheter is equipped to emit radio waves, which make a series of scars to prevent the generation of erratic signals that spawn atrial fib. The result, when the procedure is effective, is a normal, regular heartbeat. The patient can then kiss Coumadin goodbye. My thoughts are that it’s worth serious consideration. You can also get rid of Coumadin by switching to Pradaxa, a blood thinner that doesn’t require lab testing. It’s new and is somewhat expensive. The booklet on heartbeat irregularities explains atrial fibrillation in detail. To order a copy, write to: Dr. Donohue -- No. 107W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6. Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I’m a 34-year-old male and am going bald. What is your opinion on hair transplants? Do they last? How successful are they? -- L.K. ANSWER: Male hair loss occurs because male hormones shrivel hair follicles, the home for each hair. The hair thins, is shorter and falls out well before its time. Sensitivity to this male hormone action is genetically programmed, and in some men, it takes place at young ages. Have you considered using minoxidil, which is applied to the scalp, or finasteride, an oral medicine? Hair transplantation works well. The hair is taken from the back of the head, where hair follicles have a long life. It’s very successful. It would be wise to check with a doctor to see if your hair loss really is something you inherited, or if it’s a sign of something else. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475.
Collecting by Larry Cox is brought to you by
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Brass BedVase Rookwood Q: have aattending brass bed that I'vesale been more than a Q:IWhile a church in told Iowaisearlier this year, I century Any information you can provideforme would be respottedold. a Rookwood vase, which I bought $100. After appreciated. -- Susan, Danville, Va. turning to my home in Texas, I asked an antiques dealer if he A: I examined the picture you sent, and your brass bed could identify it for the me.Victorian He claims it isIt the of Ed Diers, appears to be from era. waswork probably one of his poppy patterns executed on a vellum flaring manufactured between 1890 and about 1915. Most bedsvase. of He type couldgenerally not give sell me an idea$350 of itstovalue, and that is why I this in the $650 range, depending on and--demand. amcondition writing you. Betty, College Station, Texas *** A: You got quite a deal. One of the better references for this Q: I have a Springfield Model 1863 rifle thatPottery: was used by a type of ceramics is “Warman’s Rookwood Identificafamily member during the Civil War. Can you tell me more tion and Price Guide” by Denise Rago and Jonathan Claney about this firearm? -- Steve, Cottonwood, Ariz. (Krause Publications). According to this reference, your vase A: It was a percussion rifle musket made by the National was made in about 1927, in mint condition is the valued Armory in Springfield, Ill. Byand 1863, Springfield was onlyin the $4,000 to $6,000under range. government arsenal Union control, since Harper's A word of been caution: Reproductions of Rookwood popped Ferry had destroyed by a Confederate raid have in 1861. According to Warman's War in Weapons by Graham up at flea markets and Civil in shops recent years, the work of Smith, Model 1861 was elves such awho success both wickedthe Asian reproduction never,that ever rest. To Springfield andyou private contractors rushed make certain purchased the real deal,toaproduce certifiedas apmany rifles as they could. Since the Union couldn't interrupt praisal should be next on your shopping list. production to introduce a new design, they slightly modified it,***and it was sold as a Springfield Model 1863. This is a Q: I have a Kodak that stillTohas its original highly desirable Civilcamera War weapon. determine its instruction value, book. It also includes a tripod. How is it worth? -- Kathyou should consult a competent armsmuch dealer. *** erine, Grand Junction, Colo. Q: have an stand that made are by the Roseville A: IThere areumbrella Kodak cameras ... was and there Kodak Pottery Company in aboutis1915. is inhow the much Mostique cameras. Your question a littleItlike is mypattern. old car --worth. Ron, Alton, Ill. is a 1934 Packard roadster, quite a bit, but if If the car A: The Mostique pattern is one of the most common it is a Yugo, not so much. Without a model number and condiRoseville patterns after Pine Cone. According to Warman's tion, I can’t help you. Roseville Pottery by Mark F. Moran, most pieces had *** textured glazes of gray or tan, and many are not marked. I Q: I have twoan Jimumbrella Beam bottles: in thebut state series, could not find stand in“Ohio” this guide, typical prices for this pattern are $350 to people $450 forseries. a wall Ipocket; a and “George Washington” in the have been jardiniere, $110 $140; a matched pair of vases, $325 offered $25 for to each, butand I think that is probably too low. What to do$350. you think? -- Steve, Paris, Texas *** A: I think that collecting Jim Beam bottles isn’t as spirited as it Q: My late sister bought some rose-colored dishes. I would was about 20 years ago. I checked several price guides, and like to know how much they are worth. -- Bobby, Russellville, your bottles seem to be valued at about $15 each. In other Ala. words, take the money and run. A: Your question is impossible to answer since you did not provide me with the name of the pattern and other pertinent information. Write to Larry Cox in care of King Features Weekly Service,
P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to
Write to Larry Cox in care of Due KingtoFeatures email@example.com. the largeWeekly volumeService, of mail P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to he receives, Mr. Cox is unable to personally answer all reader firstname.lastname@example.org. Due to the large volume of mail questions. send any materials requiring return he receives,Do Mr.not Cox is unable to personally answer all mail. reader questions. Do not send any materials requiring return (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc. mail. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
GOLDCRAFTER Jewelry & Repairs Floyd Harper 645 E. Crawford (785) 787-0428
MOWING (continued): subsequently plowed under to build the soil. A cover crop is grown and left in place to flourish and prevent or reduce soil erosion. •
Grasses have been researched and used
as agents to clean up former industrial sites with
with and refining this technology refer to it as phytoremediation. Generally, soil pollutants are
Jeweler’s Corner By Floyd Harper, Master Jeweler DID YOU KNOW ***STONE ALERT*** If you have ever lost a diamond, birthstone or any other precious or semiprecious stone, then you are aware of the importance of having your jewelry prongs checked by a professional bench jeweler. However, there are a lot of people who think the prongs, bezel, channel, etc. on a ring that holds your stone in, will last forever and they don’t. I’ve seen rings that the customer just wants to have cleaned or sized and after I inspect the rings I discover the only thing holding the stones in is dirt, NOW OPEN hand cream, cookie dough or whatever. Think about it and have your professional bench jeweler check your & just Bakery jewelry. YouDeli may save yourself 157 N. 7th, Salina, KS from the expense oflb buffalo replacing Hungry? Try the 1/2 burger! a stone(s). Deli Sandwiches, Cheese Steaks, Gourmet Hamburgers,
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either taken up by plants and the plants harvested and treated to render the pollutant-laden plant material harmless, or the pollutants are degraded to something harmless in the plants’ root zone. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recognizes this technology as viable in some environmental cleanup situations. • Citronella is a fragrant grass found in southeastern Asia. It is the source of citronella oil used in soaps, medicines and perfumes. • Now that you know more about grasses and the important roles they play in our lives, maybe you won’t grumble so much when it comes time to mow the lawn! FAMOUS LANDMARKS OF THE WORLD: MOUNT RUSHMORE Many monuments exist that honor early leaders of the United States. Most of those are on the East Coast where significant political and historical events took place. Mount Rushmore is located in the
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MOUNT RUSHMORE (continued): Black Hills of South Dakota.
by Samantha Mazzotta
• Doane Robinson, state historian for South Dakota, came up with the idea for a tourist attraction to bring people to his state. He imagined a memorial to famous Americans in the western United States. He is known as the “Father of Mount Rushmore.” • Robinson contacted Gutzon Borglum, a master sculptor, and shared his idea for carving large figures in the Black Hills. Borglum was, at the time, working as the first sculptor on Stone Mountain near Atlanta, Georgia. His original work on Stone Mountain was actually totally blasted from the mountain, and that project was finished by others. (He left Stone Mountain because of funding disputes.) He took his talents to Mount Rushmore and became a part of history with the famous work. • Borglum, originally from Idaho, began his art studies at the age of 17. He studied art in California and France. The first American sculpture ever bought for New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art was Borglum’s Mares of Diomedes. His most famous artwork became the famous heads on the side of the mountains in South Dakota. • When Borglum and Robinson discussed the sculpture work for the Black Hills, Robinson wanted to memorialize America’s Western heroes like Buffalo Bill Cody. Borglum convinced him to make the memorial for all of the country. They chose four presidents who stood for freedom and democracy. •
The presidents chosen for Mount Rushmore
represent the first 150 years of American history. The presidents and their completion dates are: George Washington, 1934; Thomas Jefferson, 1936; Abraham Lincoln, 1937; and Theodore Roosevelt, 1939. • Mount Rushmore was worked on by 400 men and women from October 1927 to October 1941. Of the workers, about 140 worked on the mountain; the others built roads, cared for tools and helped in other ways. • Dynamite was used for 90 percent of the carving; about 450,000 tons (408 million kg) of rock was blasted away to create the artistic renderings. • Workers had to sit on “swing” seats hanging from cables to drill into the stone. Many had to climb over 500 steps daily to reach the top. Even with all of the dangerous possibilities, few were hurt and none died on the project.
Confronting a Rude Dog-Park Denizen
DEAR PAW’S CORNER: Our town has designated a small park near my home as a place where dogs are allowed. It’s not an official dog park, and because it also has a playground at one corner, many of us who visit have agreed that, if children are present, our dogs will be on leashes so as not to cause a problem. We’ve found the best way to allow our dogs to run free is to show up very early, when kids aren’t present. And we pick up after our dogs so the park remains a pleasant place for all. But there’s one person who doesn’t respect this agreement. He lets
his dog poop wherever and never picks up after it, brings his dog at all hours and lets it run off the leash when kids are around. Is there anything we can do to stop this? -- Naomi in Newton, Mass. DEAR NAOMI: Have you approached him directly? If he doesn’t know that you and other fellow dogowners have set up unwritten rules on managing the dogs’ conduct, he won’t know about the leash rule you’ve established. Remind him that it’s good manners and common sense to pick up after his dog, particularly in a park where kids run and play. In many communities, it’s a ticketable offense not to pick up after your dog.
If he ignores the request, make it again. Explain that the rules were put together in order to keep the park open to dogs -- if there are too many complaints, the city could ban pets from the park. If you can’t convince him, your group may have to form a more official club with written rules, in order to negotiate with both the city and boorish dog owners. Send your questions or tips to email@example.com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet care-related advice and information, visit www.pawscorner.com.
Tidbits® of Salina MOUNT RUSHMORE (continued): •
Borglum died in 1941 before Mount Rushmore
was finished. His son, Lincoln, took over the work. Work stopped on the sculptures on October 31, 1941. When the United States entered World War II, there was no more money for the monument. • Mount Rushmore stands the same today as it did in 1941. It was cleaned in 2005, the first time in its history. According to the National Park Service, “Geologists estimate that the granite at Mount Rushmore National Memorial will erode only 1 inch (2.5 cm) every 10,000 years.” • For years, Scout Troops have been invited to participate in flag-folding ceremonies at Mount Rushmore. For 2012, military personnel and veterans from the audience are being invited to participate. The area receives approximately 3 million visitors annually. MOTORCYCLES Motorcycles are not for hauling families like cars but provide individual riders with transportaion that is both economical and fun. • Most motorcycle riders have dusted off their bikes and ridden many miles by the time June rolls around. Not great for winters, especially in cold climates, motorcycles are a vehicle of choice for riders in summer. •
The predecessors to motorcycles and motor
scooters were called “safety” bicycles. Safety bicycles were so named because they came about to replace the high-wheeled bikes that were so dangerous in the 1800s. The newer bikes had tires of the same or close to the same size so they were easier to mount and dismount. •
Inventor Sylvestor H. Roper built a steam
velocipede in 1867. (Velocipede was the name given to early bicycles and tricycles.) His invention was the earliest known motorcycle, with an ability to carry enough coal to ride 25 miles. While he didn’t find commercial success or fame, his invention inspired others in developing motorcycles. •
According to a biography of Roper, he died of
a heart attack while demonstrating his steam bicycle’s speed and endurance during a trial run in Worcester County, Massachusetts. • In Europe, it wasn’t long after the safety bicycle was invented that someone decided to attach a
Summer Computer Scams
If you’ve received a warning from Google that your computer might shut down in early July due to a virus called “Doomsday” or “DNS Changer,” fear not. The FBI has been using Google to reach as many computer users as possible, but the actual number of computers affected is small. Still, take the easy step to find out for sure whether your computer has been compromised by going to www.dcwg.org. Click on Detect. If you’re staying in a hotel this summer and want to order food delivered, ask for recommendations from the front desk, not from any ads that might be put at your door. The ads could be a scam: You call to place an order and give them your creditcard number ... and by the time you realize the food is late, your credit card will have made a lot of purchases for the scammers. If you take a laptop with you on vacation and use a hotel Wi-Fi, beware that the connection might be compromised. Clean up your computer before you go to make sure there is no personal information on it, like bank account or credit-card numbers. The FBI alert says to be suspicious of popup soft-
ware update alerts that appear on your screen. Online banking affords a number of opportunities for scammers, but the newest one is that you’ll get an email saying that you need to “re-update” your account information. Call the bank before you download the attachment to these emails or click on any links. Here’s a scary number: One in ten. That’s how many computers the government thinks are compromised by some type of malicious software that can turn the computers into a “bot” or “zombies” used by scammers for everything from criminal activity to espionage. Keep your virus protection up to date, be suspicious of emails you don’t recognize and think twice before clicking on any links. To learn more, go online to OnGuardOnline [www. OnGuardOnline.gov]. It’s loaded with information on making your computer safe, protecting your kids online, staying safe online and avoiding scams. Be sure to read the Blog for up-to-theminute safety advice and information. Also see StopThinkConnect [stopthinkconnect.org] for excellent information on computer safety. If in doubt, or to learn more about current scams, go to www.ftc.gov, which is the Federal Trade Commission. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
motor. Gottleib Daimler is credited with building the first motorized bicycle, soon called a motorcycle, in 1885. Daimler’s bikes were made of wood and came to be known as “boneshakers,” because of the roughness of the ride.
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TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of June 18, 2012 Top 10 Video Rentals 1. Man on a Ledge (PG-13) Sam Worthington 2. This Means War (PG-13) Reese Witherspoon 3. The Grey (R) Liam Neeson 4. Chronicle (PG-13) Dane Dehaan 5. Red Tails (PG-13) Terrence Howard 6. The Woman in Black (PG-13) Daniel Radcliffe 7. Gone (PG-13) Amanda Seyfried 8. Contraband (R) Mark Wahlberg 9. One for the Money (PG-13) Katherine Heigl 10. The Vow (PG-13) Channing Tatum Top 10 DVD Sales 1. True Blood: The Complete Fourth Season (TV-MA) (Warner) 2. Red Tails (PG-13) (Fox) 3. This Means War (PG-13) (Fox) 4. Man on a Ledge (PG-13) (Summit Entertainment) 5. The Grey (R) (Universal) 6. The Woman in Black (PG-13) (Sony) 7. The Secret World of Arrietty (G) (Buena Vista) 8. Underworld: Awakening (R) (Sony) 9. Chronicle (PG-13) (Fox) 10. The Vow (PG-13) (Sony)
1. Since the major leagues expanded to 162 games in 1961, what was the earliest date that a team clinched a playoff spot? 2. Name the last Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher before Clayton Kershaw in 2011 to lead the N.L. in strikeouts for a season. 3. When was the last time before the 2010 season that Syracuse’s football team won a bowl game? 4. Name the only NBA team to improve on its record at least six consecutive years? 5. How many NHL seasons did Mike Modano play with the Minnesota/Dallas franchise? 6. Kevin Harvick set a record in NASCAR’s Truck series in 2012 for most laps led in a race. How many of the 250 laps did he lead? 7. When tennis returned to the Olympics in 1988, how long had it been absent?
On July 3, 1775, on Cambridge common in Massachusetts, George Washington rides out in front of the American troops gathered there, draws his sword and formally takes command of the Continental Army. Washington declined to accept payment for his services beyond reimbursement of future expenses. On July 4, 1911, record temperatures are set throughout the northeastern United States, the result of a deadly heat wave that would go on to kill 380 people. By July 13, New York alone had reported 211 people dead from the excessive heat. On July 5, 1921, a trial begins in the case of seven Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of throwing the 1919 World Series. The conspiracy trial was just for show, and signed confessions from some of the players mysteriously disappeared from police custody. The jury acquitted all of the accused players and then celebrated with them at a nearby restaurant.
It was revered Chinese philosopher Confucius who made the following sage observation: “He who learns but does not think is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.” If you ever have occasion to refer to an item that pertains to walnuts, it will be useful to have the word juglandaceous at your disposal. It’s well-known that the United States is a melting pot of nationalities. At the end of the 1800s, New York City was so diverse that it had more Irish than any city except Dublin, and a larger Russian population than was to be found at that time in the city of Kiev. The only two cities in the world that had more German speakers were Vienna and Berlin, and Milan and Naples had fewer Italians than New York. If you’re like the average American, you will eat 1.5 tons of food this year. Beeswax candles are valued largely because they don’t drip as other candles
do, but they’re also very durable. Archaeologists have found still-pliable beeswax candles in Egyptian tombs, and some have been recovered in good condition from sunken ships. Iowa has the highest literacy rate in America. In the grocery stores of today you might find a half-dozen varieties of apple, if you’re lucky. In centuries past, though, there were more than 350 varieties that were grown just for the purpose of making cider. When paper currency is no longer in good enough condition to be circulated, it can be shredded and used in products such as shingles and insulation. You may have cash on your roof! *** Thought for the Day: “Football isn’t a contact sport, it’s a collision sport. Dancing is a contact sport.” -- Vince Lombardi (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
On July 2, 1938, Helen Wills Moody defeats Helen Jacobs to win her eighth Wimbledon singles title. Her record was not broken until Martina Navratilova won her ninth Wimbledon title in 1990. Wills died in 1998 at the age of 92. On July 8, 1949, Wolfgang Puck, the celebrity chef and official caterer for the Academy Awards Governors Ball, is born in Austria. Puck’s restaurant Spago in West Hollywood, Calif., became famous for its gourmet pizza (which featured such toppings as caviar and smoked salmon) and its celebrity clientele. On July 6, 1971, Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, dies in New York City at the age of 69. Armstrong pioneered jazz improvisation and the style known as “swing.” He had many nicknames, including Satchmo, short for “Satchelmouth.” On July 7, 1983, Samantha Smith, an 11-yearold American girl, begins a two-week visit to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov. He invited Smith after she wrote him a letter as part of a school project. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of Salina
improving his chances to remain with Joe Gibbs Racing next season, and perhaps beyond. (John Clark/NASCAR This Week photo) Pupil Beats Teacher
NASCAR THIS WEEK By Monte Dutton
PHOTO CUTLINE: Joey Logano passed Mark Martin with a late “bump and run” to capture the Pocono 400,
Not only did the season’s 14th race come down to a battle between two drivers -- Joey Logano and Mark Martin -- separated in age by 31 years, but they are also the Sprint Cup Series’ best example of a pupil and a teacher. Martin, 53, was raving about Logano, 22, when the latter was 12. In a sense, Logano nudged his biggest fan out of the way. He won at Pocono Raceway by what Martin himself referred to as the old “bump and run.” “It has been acceptable in this racing for a long time,” Martin said. “It’s not how I would have done it, but certainly, if I’d have had a fast-enough car, he would have gotten a return. But I couldn’t quite keep up with him.” As Charlie Robison sang, “These are
desperate times.” The general perception in the sport is that Logano -and in a sense, this seems ridiculous given his still-tender age -- is under some pressure to keep his ride once the season ends. Whether that’s true or not -- or whether winning remedies whatever the situation truly is -- a victory has to help. Beforehand, the worry was whether or not Logano could remain at Joe Gibbs Racing. Afterward, talk drifted ever so slightly in the direction of whether or not Logano wants to stay there. All of a sudden, he’s the one with options. “No, I haven’t been informed on where I stand for next year yet, so it’s all up in the air,” Logano said. “Obviously, winning a race means a lot and it helps that out a ton. For sure, right now, my future is not set with anybody. You need to go out there and win races, not like we always do, but to get this win means a lot. “It’s at a perfect time, and I think us
teaming up with Jason (Ratcliff, his crew chief) this year has been a really big help for me, and able to make our whole team really work together really well, and it’s paying off. My hope is to obviously stay with what I’ve got and keep working with Jason, but you never know. Those things go back and forth and switch around a lot, and all I can do is stay focused on my job, and that’s driving the race car.” Now the ball’s back in team president J.D. Gibbs’ court, and it might not be a bad idea to come up with a new contract offer. The price tag may be rising. *** Monte Dutton covers motorsports for The Gaston (N.C.) Gazette. E-mail Monte at nascarthisweek@yahoo. com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Answers 1. The New York Yankees clinched their division Aug. 29, 1998. 2. Hideo Nomo had 236 strikeouts in 1995. 3. It was the Insight Bowl after the 2001 season. 4. The Minnesota Timberwolves (1992-93 season through 1997-98 season). 5. Twenty seasons. 6. He led 248 laps. 7. Since 1924 -- 64 years.
Answers 1. The White House 2. Bharat 3. Plague 4. “Spider-Man” 5. Do not pass Go, and do not collect $200 6. 1956 (“The Dorsey Brothers Stage Show”) 7. “Oh, the Places You’ll Go!” 8. Potatoes and leeks 9. Bedford Falls 10. Processes fear and emotional responses