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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks
July 30, 2015
Published by: Wick Publications
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August 1 is National Mustard Day, and no better time for Tidbits to examine the particulars on this favorite condiment. • The word “mustard” actually means two things – it refers to the actual spice itself as well as to the concoction made from the tiny seeds of the plant. The seeds measure between 1 and 2 mm, about 1/8 inch in diameter. There are three different kinds of mustard plants – black mustard, brown Indian mustard, and white or yellow mustard. The seeds are ground, cracked, or left whole, then mixed with salt, water, lemon juice, or vinegar, along with some flavorings and spices that give the paste a sweet or spicy taste. It doesn’t become an aromatic substance until the seeds are cracked and mixed with liquid. This activates the oils in the mustard seed that gives it its taste and smell. • It’s believed that the ancient Romans were the first to concoct prepared mustard. Their blend consisted of ground seed mixed with unfermented grape juice and spices. The juice was known as “must,” and when mixed with the seeds, it became “burning must,” or mustum ardens, which was shortened to mustard. They added caraway, coriander, dill, celery, thyme, oregano, honey, vinegar, and oil. Turn the page for more!
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• The ancient Egyptians considered mustard seeds a symbol of good fortune. Seeds were placed in King Tut’s tomb for his next life. • To the Greeks, mustard was considered a medicinal item long before its use with food. The writings of Hippocrates recommended mustard paste as a remedy for muscle aches, toothaches, to help clear sinuses, and increase blood circulation. French monks also used it to treat wounds. • The Bible’s New Testament books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all feature the Parable of the Mustard Seed, used by Jesus as a symbol of the Kingdom of God starting from a tiny beginning and growing quickly into something very large. Jesus was referencing the fact that the mustard seed is the smallest seed that his listeners planted in the ground, one which grew to 20 feet in just a few years. He also used the seed in relation to a person’s faith, saying, “… if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move.”
Quiz Bits 1. 2. 3. 4.
5. How much mustard does the average person consume in a year? Heinz Field is home to what 6. How many calories are in 1 professional sports team? teaspoon of mustard? Colonel Mustard appears in 7. What’s the meaning of “keen what board game? as mustard”? Mustard is rich in a nutrient with 8. How many U.S. states border anti-inflammatory properties. the state of Missouri? What is it? 9. What style of structure is the Mustard is the 2nd most used Washington Monument? spice in the U.S.? What is the TRIVIA most used spice?
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• Every bit of the mustard plant is edible, from the leaves (known as mustard greens) to the stems to the seeds. Just one acre of mustard produces one ton of seed, which in turn produces 1,940 lbs. of mustard flour, which is turned into 10,490 lbs. of wet mustard, which can produce 47,600 jars of mustard. There are about 100,000 seeds in one pound of yellow mustard seeds. • Canada grows more mustard than any other country in the world. The tiny country of Nepal is second, and other growers include Hungary, Great Britain, and India. ...continued
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MUSTARD (continued): • Of the more than 700 million pounds of mustard eaten around the world every year, Americans are the greatest consumers. In Yankee Stadium alone, in one season of baseball, more than 1,600 gallons are consumed, and that’s not even counting the 2,000,000 little individual packets! • The most familiar type of mustard is yellow, a mixture of yellow mustard seed (the mildest of all types), vinegar, water, turmeric, salt, cloves, and coriander. It’s the turmeric that gives the mustard its bright yellow color. Spicy brown mustard uses much the same ingredients, but the brown seed gives the paste a much more pungent flavor. Hot mustard uses brown or Indian seeds, and adds allspice, tarragon, and other seasonings. • Dijon mustard originated in Dijon, France, and blends brown mustard seed, vinegar, water, salt, and tarragon. The addition of white wine to the mix is what gives this smooth-textured mustard its distinctive taste. In 1855, Maurice Grey was producing an award-winning Dijon mustard and had invented a machine that increased the speed of projection. However, he lacked the finances to make it successful. Another Dijon mustard maker Auguste Poupon provided the funds, and the pair manufactured the first Grey Poupon mustard in Dijon in 1866.
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• Grey Poupon gained great popularity in the 1980s when a TV commercial informed the public that “one can enjoy the finer things of life with white wine mustard” without paying high prices. The ad featured a Rolls Royce pulling up next to another Rolls Royce, and one passenger asking the other, “Pardon me, would you happen to have any Grey Poupon?” to which the other replied, “But, of course!”
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1421 S. Washington St. • Grand Forks 4. The last time before 2014 that three of the NHL’s Original Six franchises 1. Who was the last repeat made the conference finals captain of the U.S. Ryder in the Stanley Cup playCup squad before Tom offs was in 1979. Name Watson (1993, 2014)? 2. Between 1980 and 1989, 5. the three teams that year. The last No. 7 seed before four men managed the UConn in 2014 to reach New York Mets. Name the Final Four in men’s two of them. basketball happened in 3. What player holds the 1984. Name the team. NBA record for most free 6. Which auto manufacturer throws attempted in a game has won the most Daytona without making one? 500s?
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• Brothers George and Francis French debuted their “Cream Salad Brand” mustard at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair with resounding success. Twenty million people, about 25% of the U.S. population at that time, sampled the new condiment over the course of the exhibition. Afterward, it could be purchased for 10 cents per 9-oz. jar, which came with a little wooden paddle for serving. French’s began using the trademark red French’s pennant in their advertising in 1921. Within a few years, annual sales skyrocketed to $5.3 million. Although the brothers sold their business in 1926, the name has carried on into the 21st century.
Fish for HEALTH! The purpose of this study is to determine whether eating rainbow trout with different omega 3 levels reduces heart disease risk markers. Criteria for Participation: • 35-70 years old • Overweight • No tobacco, nicotine or e-cigarette use • No history of cardiovascular or metabolic disease Why We Need You?
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MUSTARD (continued): • Beer mustard is a popular item in America’s Midwest, a blend that substitutes beer for the vinegar.
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• Mustard also has its place in folklore. German legend advises a bride to sew mustard seeds into the hem of her wedding dress, which will guarantee her dominance of the household. In Denmark and India, there is a custom of spreading mustard seeds around the outside of a home, which is said to keep out evil spirits.
• When in Middleton, Wisconsin, a stop by the National Mustard Museum is in order. Home to the world’s largest collection of mustard and mustard memorabilia, the museum was established in 1992, when founder and curator Barry Levenson left his job as the Assistant Attorney General for the State of Wisconsin to open this unusual attraction. Visitors can view more than 5,400 mustards from all 50 states and 70 countries, as well as attend the National Mustard Day festivities hosted by the museum every August. P.O. Box 12861 • Grand Forks, ND 58208-2861 • (701) 772-8239 Cell: (701) 740-0968 • E-Mail: email@example.com
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You may not recognize the name of Alan Shugart, but you most likely reap the benefits of his invention every single day. Let’s take a look at the inventor of the floppy disk, something that revolutionized the storage of computer data. • With a brand-new degree in engineering physics from the University of Redlands, Alan Shugart started work at IBM in San Jose, California, the day after he graduated in 1951 at age 21. His first position was a field service engineer repairing punch card accounting machines. • Shugart rose quickly through the ranks at IBM and was transferred to their research laboratory. In 1955, he and his team were responsible for developing the first disk drive, named the IBM RAMAC, able to store five million characters of data. It was released commercially in 1959. • In 1969, Shugart developed the floppy disk, an 8-inch flexible plastic disk coated with magnetic iron oxide. The first “memory disk,” as it was called, held 100 KBs of data and provided a method of transferring data from computer to computer. • Shugart left IBM for Memorex in 1969, taking several IBM engineers along with him. He stayed with that company until 1972, when he launched his own business, Shugart Associates, that would perfect a lower-cost, mass-produced floppy disk, Two years later, after a dispute with the company’s board, he resigned.
• Seagate Technology grew to be the world’s largest producer of disk drives. • Shugart expanded his horizons in 1987 by opening Fandango, a popular five-star restaurant on California’s Monterey Peninsula. His partner was a French-born chef whose family had operated a restaurant in Provence, France, since 1737. Shugart wrote a book about the process in Fandango: The Story of Two Guys Who Wanted to Own a Restaurant, published in 1993. • As a clever way of protesting against the country’s major political parties, in 1996, Shugart entered the name of his Bernese Mountain on the ballot as a candidate for Congress. He also founded a political action committee aimed at getting citizens more involved in the political process. Shugart recorded his experiences about the dog’s unsuccessful Congressional campaign in the book Ernest Goes to Washington (Well, Not Exactly). • In 1998, when Shugart was 68 years old, the board of directors of Seagate Technology forced their founder to resign, claiming he was becoming “slow.” • Four years after leaving Seagate, Shugart published his autobiography, Al: The Wit and Wisdom of Alan Shugart. He died in 2006 at the age of 76. • “It is important to remember when starting and growing a new company that cash is more important than your mother.” – Alan Shugart
• In 1976, Shugart developed the smaller 5.25” disk drive and diskette, able to store up to 1.2 MB of data. He and a partner, a former co-worker from Memorex, started up Seagate Technology in 1979, with the goal of producing hard disk drives for the rapidly-growing personal computer market.
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mustard when his wife said, "Here, hold Johnny for a minute while I make my lunch." Balancing the baby on his shoulder, he reached for his sandwich when he noticed a streak of mustard on his fingers. A mustard lover, he licked it off, and quickly discovered it was not mustard. After his wife finished laughing, she said, "Now you know why they call that fancy mustard 'Poupon'."
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• On Aug. 4, 1892, Andrew and Abby Borden, elderly residents of Fall River, Mass., are found bludgeoned to death in their home. Suspicion soon fell on daughter Lizzie and the axe she'd just bought. At her trial, the jury only took 90 minutes to decide that such a sweet-looking Christian woman could never commit such a heinous crime. • On Aug. 6, 1928, Andy Warhol, one of the most influential artists of the latter part of the 20th century, is born Andrew Warhola in Pennsylvania. After being incorrectly credited as "Warhol" under an early published drawing, he decided to permanently remove the "a" from his last name. • On Aug. 9, 1945, a second atom bomb is dropped on Japan by the United States, at Nagasaki, resulting finally in Japan's surrender. The devastation wrought at Hiroshima had not been sufficient to persuade the Japanese War Council to accept the Potsdam Conference's demand for unconditional surrender. • On Aug. 3, 1958, the U.S. nuclear submarine Nautilus accomplishes the first undersea voyage to the geographic North Pole. The Nautilus dived at Point Barrow, Alaska, and traveled nearly 1,000 miles under the Arctic ice cap to reach the top of the world. • On Aug. 6, 1964, the United States Congress overwhelmingly approves the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Lyndon B. Johnson nearly unlimited powers to oppose "communist aggression" in Southeast Asia. The resolution marked the beginning of an expanded military role for the United States in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. • On Aug. 8, 1988, the Chicago Cubs host the first night game in the history of Wrigley Field. The first-ever night game in professional baseball took place nearly 60 years earlier in Des Moines, Iowa. • On Aug. 5, 2002, the rusty iron gun turret of the ironclad warship U.S.S. Monitor was raised from the floor of the Atlantic, where it had rested since it went down in a storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, during the Civil War. She sank in December 1862, while being towed from Cape Hatteras. © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
• It was Henry Brooks Adams, American historian and descendant of two U.S. presidents, who made the following sage observation: "They know enough who know how to learn." • In show business, a name can make or break you, and many aspiring stars have tried to make themselves more appealing by getting rid of the name they were born with. Take famed film noir actor Peter Lorre: He was born Laszlo Lowenstein. Beloved cowboy actor Roy Rogers was named Leonard Slye; Doris Day was originally Doris Kappelhoff; and Natasha Gurdin changed her name to Natalie Wood. And would Boris Karloff have been so well-known as a villain if he'd used his given name, William Henry Pratt? • Edgar Rice Burroughs, the author of "Tarzan of the Apes" and its 25 sequels, never actually visited Africa. • If you're of a certain age and facing up to wrinkles, you might be interested to learn that, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, one of the top causes of skin wrinkles is your habitual sleeping position. Rounding out the top five contributing factors are sun exposure, gravity, smoking and facial expressions. • An anteater can grow to be 6 feet long, yet its mouth is only 1 inch wide. • Reportedly, anyone caught in the jaws of a crocodile can release him- or herself instantly by pressing on the animal's eyeballs (though I cannot personally attest to the veracity of this claim). • In a recent survey of nearly 1,500 American adults, only 36 percent of respondents could correctly name all three branches of the United States government. Even more disturbing, a full 35 percent couldn't name even one branch. *** Thought for the Day: "It is better to have a permanent income than to be fascinating." -- Oscar Wilde © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
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• When I needed a new tire for my truck because I ran over a nail, the shop guy suggested I purchase a slightly used tire that was closer to the age and wear of the others. I spent less on the tire, and the tires will wear evenly. They’re always looking out for me! — O.E. in Mississippi • When baby’s teething, try this trick from a grandma: Wet a washcloth and put it in a zip-top baggie in the freezer. When frozen, remove it from the bag and let the baby chew on it. Its texture and temperature are soothing to little gums, and it can be rinsed and refrozen easily. • For fresh oil stains, sprinkle with kitty litter and grind into the oil with your foot or a stiff brush. Then sweep up. Repeat as necessary. • Hardware stores sell special bladders that can be filled and put inside a toilet tank to take up space, allowing the toilet to use less water per flush. I use a brick. Same effect. — C.L. in Kansas • Dusting shelves with lots of knickknacks can be a real chore. Try slipping a knee-high stocking over the hose of your vacuum wand. You can get very close to the items on the shelf without sucking anything up but dust. If something did get sucked up, the stocking will catch it for you. This also works for toolboxes. — W.U. in South Carolina • Over-the-door shoe racks are perfect for holding a variety of cleaning products and small cannisters of wipes. I have everything I need at a glance on the back of the utility-room door. I even store batteries in various sizes there. — A.A. in Colorado Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
WEST NILE VIRUS RISK FACTORS West Nile virus (WNV) is an infection transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquito most common for transmitting this virus is one that is widespread throughout the Grand Forks region. This mosquito does not discriminate. People of all ages are susceptible to WNV infection, but the elderly are at higher risk for developing the more severe form of this disease (neuroinvasive illness). Children infected with WNV generally show no symptoms or may have a mild fever.
Risk factors for West Nile virus: • Time of year – The majority of WNV cases occur from July – September. • Geographic region – The Dakotas have reported some of the highest cases per capita in the United States. • Time spent outdoors not wearing protective clothing and mosquito repellent – If you work or spend a lot of time outdoors (golfing, gardening, hunting, etc.), you’re at a higher risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. • Proximity – If you live in an area where WNV has already been identified or near mosquito larval habitat. • If you have a weakened immune system. The best way to prevent West Nile virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. • Use mosquito-repellent products containing DEET. • Wear long sleeves and pants. • Eliminate any standing water from your property, such as trash bins, plant saucers, rain gutters, buckets, etc.
Repellents: Still One of the Best Ways to Prevent Mosquito Bites Unfortunately, there’s no easy solution to controlling mosquitoes. The more rain and standing water we have, the more mosquito habitat available for those pesky critters. The start of the 2014 mosquito season has been hot and wet thereby producing a healthy hatch of skeeters. Eliminating mosquito breeding sites is essential to keeping the mosquito population in check. When the adult mosquito population seems unbearable, turn to one of the best prevention methods available…a can of OFF! Mosquito repellents with DEET are safe and very effective when applied according to the label. They’ve even improved many of these products so they go on dry, not oily. Don’t let these pesky critters win the outdoor battle this summer. Eliminate any standing water on your property and apply repellents with DEET when outdoors.
PROTECTION TIMES FOR TESTED MOSQUITO REPELLENTS PRODUCT Active Ingredient Avg. Protection Time OFF! Deep Woods Sawyer Controlled Release OFF! Skintastic Repel Lemon Eucalyptus Bite Blocker for Kids OFF! Skintastic for Kids Skin-So-Soft Bug Guard+ Natrapel Green Ban for People Buzz Away Skin-So-Soft Bug Guard Gone Original Wristband Repello Wristband Gone+ Repelling Wristband
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5 hours 4 hours 2 hours 2 hours 1.5 hours 1.5 hours 23 minutes 20 minutes 14 minutes 14 minutes 10 minutes 0 0 0
If you have any questions or concerns relating to mosquito control visit our website at www.gfmosquito.com
No matter how you spell it, ketchup is one of the world’s favorite condiments. Most labels today are spelled either “ketchup” or “catsup,” but over the year, other manufacturers have used catsip, cotsup, katshoup, cackchop, kotpock, and cutchpuck, among others.
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• Ketchup had its beginnings in Asia, originally as a spicy fish sauce made of anchovies, mushrooms, walnuts, and kidney beans, and named ke-tsiap. British sailors brought the concoction home in the 1600s and it became known as catchup. The first English version of ketchup was published in a 1727 cookbook, calling for anchovies, shallots, white wine vinegar, white wine, mace, ginger, and cloves. Tomatoes weren’t added to the mix until the late 1700s. The entry in the 1913 Webster’s Dictionary defines “catchup” as a “table sauce made from mushrooms, tomatoes, and walnuts.” • The average person consumes about three bottles of ketchup every year. About 97% of American homes have a bottle of ketchup in their refrigerator. It takes 4 tablespoons of ketchup to equal the nutritional value of one medium tomato. • Most of the world’s ketchup is manufactured by Heinz, Hunts, and DelMonte. Heinz introduced its tomato ketchup in 1876. Today, Heinz sells more than 650 million bottles of ketchup and about 11 billion individual packets every year. They purchase about 2 million tons of tomatoes every year to produce their blend. However, ketchup wasn’t Heinz’ first product. The company had been selling bottled horseradish for seven years before introducing ketchup.
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DIFFERENCES: 1. Headset is missing. 2. Soda can is missing. 3. Hair is shorter. 4. Collar is missing. 5. House is missing. 6. Thermos is smaller. © 2015 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.
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KETCHUP (continued): • Ever wonder how fast Heinz ketchup flows from the bottle? Its speed is about 0.028 mph, which translates to about 0.5 inch per second. Answer: Dell. That’s about the same speed as a typical garA VERY NUMBER den snail. If you LARGE want your ketchup to come •out Edward was a mathematician. faster,Kasner put a drinking straw down toIn the1938 bothe was asked to come up with a name for a tom of the bottle. This will allow airflow to the very large number: the numeral one, followed bottom and make the ketchup flow more easily. by a hundred zeros. He asked his two young • Innephews 1975, Heinz featured Carly Simon hit what name they the would suggest. “Anticipation” in their television advertising, • Nine-year-old Milton suggested a name boasting about “the taste that’s worth wait.” out of the funnies. A cartoon strip the character Innamed 1983,Barney Heinz was made it easier by introducing very popular. Milton chose the plasticlast squeezable bottle. It wasn’t until Barney’s name for the number. 2002 that the packaging featured the the upside• Kasner announced the new name for big down plastic bottle. number in his next book, altering the spelling. • Know why ketchup tastes soand good? It’s Brin 25% • Sixty years later, Larry Page Sergey developed a new internet search Other sugar! It’s also high in salt, withengine. just one teasearch engines searched each webpage and spoon containing about 10% of the maximum ranked them according to how many times a daily required amount of sodium. The good specific term appeared on them, but Page and news is that ketchup is a good source of the Brin designed their search engine to search for antioxidant hasout been shown to the specificlycopene, term and which then find how many help prostate linksprevent there were thatand ledcolon backcancers. to that page, which resulted in afor better engine. • Ketchup isn’t just yoursearch hot dog. Due to its tomatoes vinegar, it’s anthat in•acidity They from decided they and needed a name reflected cleaner how many websites the search expensive of copper and bronze. Coat engine was They took or thejewelry name tarnished potssearching. and pans, lamps, of Edward Kasner’s very large number, with ketchup, let it stand for 10 minutes,only and they misspelled it slightly, so it ended up being rinse it off. Although ketchup can also shine up spelled exactly the same way the cartoon stainless steel sinks and silverware, it can ruin character Barney spelled his last name. What’s silverware if it’s left on for too long. Rinse it it called? (Answer at bottom of page) off after just 10 minutes. Ketchup can also reCOMPUTER FACTS store blonde hair that has turned green from too •much In 1981 Bill Gates said, “640 kb of memory exposure to chlorine. ought to be enough for anybody.” • Although folks love ketchup on just about • Moore’s Law states that computer performance anything, surveys that and it ranks third doubles every 18 toindicate 24 months, ever since in1971, popularity condiments, with mayonthis hasamong been true. naise and salsa edging it out. • HP, Google, Microsoft, and Apple were all started in garages. Answer: Google, from googol. Tidbits! Thanks for Reading
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