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August 23, 2018

Issue # 1,082


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Tidbits opens up visiting hours for you to peruse the facts on these medical facilities.

• New York City’s Bellevue Hospital is America’s oldest operating hospital, opening in Manhattan in 1736 with six beds. New York’s City Hall currently sits on the hospital’s first site. Bellevue is an institution of many firsts. The nation’s first maternity ward opened there in 1799, and New York’s first city morgue was established there in 1866. America’s first ambulance service had its origins at Bellevue, with a fleet of horse-drawn ambulances, each equipped with a loud gong to warn citizens of its approach. Bellevue physicians developed the first immunization for Hepatitis B in 1971. Victims of the 9/11 attacks in 2001 were rushed to nearby Bellevue Hospital.

Carpet Cleaning • Carpet Cleaning SPECIAL! • In 1825, Bellevue’s two physicians both be• Upholstery came ill with typhus fever, as the epidemic ravCleaning Vehicle Carpet & aged the city. One succumbed to the fever, the Seat Cleaning • Water first doctor to sacrifice his life for the care of 3rd row not included. Not valid with Extraction any other offer. Expires 9-14-18 others. Over the next 60 years, 27 doctors died Residential & Commercial from diseases they contracted while on duty.



• Founded in 1751, Philadelphia’s Pennsylvania Hospital had been in existence 25 years before America declared its independence. Benjamin Franklin was responsible for raising the funds to establish the institution. Turn the page for more!

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HOSPITALS (cont'd)

• Ben Franklin was Pennsylvania Hospital’s first secretary, second president, and charter member of the Board of Managers. Its original home, the Pine Building, still serves as a section of the hospital, housing offices and libraries. Even the original Portuguese floor tiles survive. The hospital had its own fire engine, one that can be viewed there today. The gardens contain plants that were used medicinally during the 1800s.


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Quiz Bits

6. What group wrote and released the 1979 song “Tragedy”? 7. How much does it cost to land on the Income Tax square in the game of Monopoly? 8. Name the song that contains this lyric: “It’s close to midnight, something evil’s lurking from the dark....” 9. What year did the movie “Jaws” debut in theaters? TRIVIA SPONSORED BY:


1. What was the first U.S. President to be born in a hospital? 2. What hopital is the setting for TVs “ER”? 3. What department at the hospital is ENT? 4. What does CPR stand for? 5. What city does the 1970s sitcom “All in the Family” take place?

• Boston’s Massachusetts General Hospital is America’s third oldest hospital, established in 1811. At the time of its founding, the United States had only two other general hospitals, the Pennsylvania Hospital and the New York Hospital. It quickly became the first teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School. This 1000-bed hospital has had its share of medical firsts, including the first public demonstration of surgical anesthesia in 1846, the identification of appendicitis in 1886, and the first replantation of a severed arm in 1962. • William Worrall Mayo, a surgeon from Lancashire, England, traveled to Rochester, Minnesota in 1863, to serve for the military draft board during the American Civil War. His wife and two toddler sons joined him the following year, and Dr. Mayo opened a small private medical practice above the Union Drug Store. His practice thrived for many years, with his sons joining him after their graduation from medical school. An 1883 tornado changed Rochester’s history, destroying one-third of the town, causing 37 deaths and 200 injuries. Talks began about establishing a hospital in Rochester. When it opened in 1889 under the name Saint Mary’s Hospital, the Mayo boys and their father, now 70 years old, joined the staff. As the town outgrew the facility, new clinic buildings were built.

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3. New Orleans’ Anthony Davis set a record in 2017 1. In 2017, Chris Sale became by scoring 52 pts. in an NBA All-Star Game. Who had the first Boston Red Sox held the mark with 42 pts? pitcher to strike out 10 or more batters in 12 separate 4. In 2018, Carli Lloyd became the sixth Amerigames before the All-Star break. Which Boston pitch- can woman to score 100 international soccer goals. er did it in 11 games? Name two of the first five. 2. The Toronto Maple Leafs 5. For six consecutive years last reached the Stanley (1926-1931) Babe Ruth Cup Finals in 1967. How led the A.L. in home runs. many times since then have Who broke the streak in the made the conference finals? 1932? (hint: Phil. Athletics)


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HOSPITALS (cont'd)

• Today Mayo Clinic has facilities in Rochester, Jacksonville, Florida, and Phoenix Arizona. The main clinic in Rochester employs upwards of 34,000 people, including over 4,700 physicians and research scientists. Last year, 1.3 million people from all 50 U.S. states and 136 countries came to Mayo Clinic for care. It’s ranked as the No. 1 hospital in the country and is also on the list of the “100 Best Companies to Work For.”


Texas has more hospitals than any other U.S. state, followed by California, New York, and Florida. Ontario leads the pack among Canadian provinces.





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• Walter Reed Medical Center is the hospital set aside for the United States’ military forces. It opened in May 1909 through the efforts of Army Major William C. Borden. Borden and his close friend Walter Reed had worked side by side for years at the Army Medical School. Walter Reed had gained recognition as the researcher who discovered that yellow fever was transmitted by mosquitoes rather than by direct contact. Reed studied the disease in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Less than a year after his return from Cuba, Major Reed underwent an appendectomy performed by Major Borden. He developed peritonitis and perished from the ailment within days. Borden lobbied for the new military hospital to be named for his friend. Today, 16,000 active and retired military personnel are admitted to Walter Reed every year. • A simple prayer uttered by entertainer Danny Thomas led to America’s number one pediatric care hospital, St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital. Thomas was a struggling comedian trying to break into the business when he attended Mass at a Detroit church. He put the last of his funds -- $7.00 – into the offering plate and prayed to St. Jude to provide his family, including his soon-to-be-born first child. His prayer, “Show me my way in life and I will build you a shrine,” was answered a week later, with a gig that put Thomas on the road to success. ...continued

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• On Aug. 31, 1888, the first known victim of London serial killer "Jack the Ripper" is found murdered in the city's impoverished Whitechapel district. At least four more women were found murdered in similar fashion over the next few months. In 1892, with no leads found and no more murders recorded, the Jack the Ripper file was closed. • On Sept. 1, 1928, Robert Pirsig, author of "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance," is born. Despite being rejected by more than 120 publishing houses, his 1974 book became a cult classic, selling more than 4 million copies over the next 25 years. • On Sept. 2, 1945, aboard the battleship USSÊMissouriÊin Tokyo Bay, Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, bringing an end toÊWorld War II.Ê • On Aug. 27, 1955, the first edition of "The Guinness Book of Records" is published in Great Britain. The book was intended to be given away for free in pubs to promote the Guinness brand; however, it became so popular that the Irish brewer started selling it. • On Aug. 29, 1962, American poet Robert Frost leaves for the Soviet Union. The goodwill tour was sponsored by the U.S. State Department in an effort to thaw Cold War relations. • On Aug. 30, 1983, U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Colonel Guion S. Bluford becomes the first African American to travel into space following lift off aboard the space shuttle Challenger. During their six days in space, the Challenger crew launched an Indian communications satellite. • On Aug. 28, 1996, Charles, Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne, and his wife, Princess Diana, formally divorce. In 1981, nearly 1 billion television viewers in 74 countries tuned in to witness their marriage ceremony at St. Paul's Cathedral in London.


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• Medicare Contact your local agent for for more information: Coverage moreinformation: information: t for more • Group <Agent Name> A Medical INSURANCE AGENCY <Agency Name> Life Ins. • <Address> Rick Asche • 701-772-1138 H2409, H2410, H2450_2058 (01-2009) <City, ST ZIP> <Phone> 1521 24th Ave. S. • Grand Forks, ND <Hours of Operation> > “Since 1988”



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Are You Interested In Heart Health? Would you like to eat more fish?

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Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

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HOSPITALS (cont'd)

• Honoring his promise, in 1962, Danny Thomas founded St. Jude’s in Memphis, Tennessee. The hospital specializes in treating children with cancer, sickle cell disease, and other serious illnesses. When St. Jude’s opened, the overall survival rate for childhood cancer was less than 20%. Today, that rate has reached 80% for several types of pediatric cancer. The hospital is on Fortune magazine’s list of “100 Best Companies to Work For.” Although the daily cost of keeping the facility running is about $2.4 million, there is no cost to patients. • In 1902, businessman Kaspare Cohn donated a two-story Victorian home in Los Angeles to the Hebrew Benevolent Society to create a 12-bed hospital for the Jewish community. It was simply known as the Kaspare Cohn Hospital, and its services were free. Los Angeles’ first female doctor, Dr. Sarah Vasen, acted as superintendent for four years. By 1910, the facility had moved and increased to a 50-bed hospital, followed by another upgrade in 1930 and a name change to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital. Another Jewish hospital, Bikur Cholim, established in 1921, merged with Cedars in 1961 to become Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. In 1972, a new facility was constructed, using a $4 million contribution from cosmetic giant Max Factor’s Family Foundation. More than 2,000 physicians are employed by Cedars-Sinai. • Cedars-Sinai is well known for its services to the stars. Several famous folks have passed away within its walls, including Gilda Radner, Lucille Ball, Charles Bronson, Johnny Carson, Natalie Cole, and Debbie Reynolds.


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*Answer located further back in this issue.

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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks

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Food of the Week:


August is National Catfish Month, so Tidbits is swimming along the bottom collecting the facts on these ray-finned fish. • There are 3,000+ species of catfish, with differing varieties found on all continents except Antarctica. For the most part, catfish in the wild are found in fresh water, such as rivers and streams, although a few species have adapted to life in salt water. They can live in water with a temperature from just above freezing to nearly 100 degrees F. • Catfish can be found in a wide variety of colors, including green, yellow, silver, grey, white, or tan. These fish are carnivorous, dining on insects, snails, worms, frogs, newts, other fish, and fish eggs. They’re famous for being bottom dwellers, feeding on the bottom of the water. • There is a vast difference between the smallest and largest species of catfish. The smallest, the banjo, is just 0.39 inches long, while the largest, the Mekong, might reach a length of nearly 9 feet and weigh close to 650 lbs. • Catfish have an unusual organ called the Weberian apparatus that enables them to communicate with each other underwater. This organ connects the swim bladder to the fish’s auditory system, straight into the inner ear. • Catfish derive their name from their prominent barbels, those sensory organs near the mouth that resemble a cat’s whiskers. They can develop up to four sets of whiskers. They don’t have scales, and their mucus-covered skin enables them to breathe through the skin.

• In the wild, catfish feed on the bottom of the water on a diet of insects, snails, other fish, and fish eggs. However, farm-raised fish eat feed pellets made of a mix of soybeans, corn, wheat, and nutrients, that float on the pond’s surface. A catfish’s entire body is covered with about 100,000 taste buds, with the greatest concentration on the whiskers. • Catfish, the fifth most popular fish in America, are one of the most farmed types of fish. Farm-raised catfish are produced in ponds built over soil rich in clay, filled with fresh water pumped from underground wells. The ponds average between 10 and 20 acres in area, and are about 4 to 6 feet deep. It takes between 18 months and two years for a farm-raised catfish to reach one pound. When a young fish reaches a length of 4 inches, it’s referred to as a fingerling. Catfish beds in Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi account for 94% of all U.S. farm-raised catfish. Humphreys-Belzoni, Mississippi heralds itself as the Catfish Capital of the World, boasting 117 catfish farms covering 35,000 acres. The community hosts an annual World Catfish Festival, drawing 20,000 visitors to the area. • Channel catfish and blue catfish are the most commonly eaten species in the U.S., with both common in the wild and farm-raised. Rich in Vitamin D, catfish are typically coated in seasoned cornmeal and deep fried. Popular accompaniments in the southern U.S. are coleslaw, hush puppies, and buttermilk biscuits, served with a Mason jar of sweet tea.





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King Features Weekly Service ©2018 King Features Syndicate, Inc. All rights reserved.

© 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.

(Answers located further back)

August 13, 2018

• If you often wake up in the morning with a neckache, try a new pillow. You can get them with cooling gel inserts, or ones designed especially for side sleepers or in ergonomic shapes. There must be one that will help you wake up refreshed. • “I save the Tyvek envelopes from Federal Express and other mailings to make cheap, sturdy aprons for my children’s art projects. The material is really durable, and it doesn’t cost me a thing, so I can throw it away without washing if I have a mind to.” — A Reader via email • “It’s time to clean the window screens again, but this year I busted out my small shop vacuum to clean them without having to remove the screens from the window itself. It did a pretty good job and was easy to port around the house.” — D.L. in Pennsylvania • “I had a super-cute sock with a hole in the toe, and although I didn’t want to wear it, I wanted to keep it. I snipped the foot portion off and now use it as a bottle warmer or a condensation catcher, depending on what is in the drinking vessel. It’s easy to slip on, and works like a charm.” — A Reader via email • Back to school hack: A little lemon juice on a cotton swab can help “erase” highlighter marks on glossy paper. • Clean your air ducts in one fell swoop by removing the grates and lining them up on a sheet outside. I use my driveway, but you could use a deck or patio. Lay the sheet flat, then line the grates up. Scrub with a brush and soapy water, then use a hose to rinse. The sheet keeps ground dirt off the grates, and the water goes right through the sheet. Let dry and replace. Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803.

Protect Yourself From West Nile Virus West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne disease that first showed up in our region in 2002. This virus has been present every year since 2002. Grand Forks Mosquito Control has identified WNV in mosquitoes and birds collected from the Grand Forks region. We cannot eliminate this virus. The Health Department urges citizens to take personal precautions to avoid mosquito bites. The type of mosquito most common for transmitting WNV is present in our area and is most active from dusk until dawn. This virus can be deadly. Help fight the bite and prevent mosquito-borne disease.

How can people reduce their chance of getting WNV? The most effective way to prevent WNV is to avoid mosquito bites: • Wear long sleeves and pants when outdoors from dusk through dawn. • Apply insect repellents when you go outdoors. Repellents containing DEET provide the best protection. • Reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home by eliminating standing water from containers such as flowerpots, gutters, buckets, pool covers, discarded tires, and birdbaths. Anything that holds water for more than a week could be producing mosquitoes.

How do people get infected with WNV? Most people get infected with WNV by an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to humans and other animals. In a very small number of cases, West Nile virus has been spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, and from mother to baby during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.

What are the symptoms of WNV? No symptoms in most people. Most people (70-80%) who become infected with West Nile virus do not develop any symptoms. Febrile illness in some people. About 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash. Most people with this type of West Nile virus disease recover completely, but fatigue and weakness can last for weeks or months. Severe symptoms in a few people. Less than 1% of people who are infected will develop a serious neurologic illness such as encephalitis or meningitis (inflammation of the brain or surrounding tissues). The symptoms of neurologic illness can include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, seizures, or paralysis. Recovery from severe disease may take several weeks or months. Some of the neurologic effects may be permanent. About 10 percent of people who develop neurologic infection due to West Nile virus will die.

Who is at risk for serious illness if infected with WNV? Serious illness can occur in people of any age. However, people over 60 years of age are at the greatest risk for severe disease. People with certain medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease, and people who have received organ transplants, are also at greater risk for serious illness. For information about mosquito control visit our website at www.gfmosquito.com

by Samantha Weaver

• It was British Prime Minister Winston Churchill who made the following sage observation: "A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on." • There are lots of sports fans out there, and a lot of sports to enjoy: football, basketball, soccer, baseball, hockey ... olive oil wrestling? OK, maybe there aren't a lot of oiled wrestling events here in America, but in Turkey it's the national sport. Kirkpinar, as it's known there, has been popular since the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish town of Edirne has been hosting the annual tournament since 1361. • If you do much printing, you might not be surprised to learn that if you figure out the cost by volume, printer ink costs far more than Dom Perignon champagne or Chanel No. 5 perfume. • The name of Alcatraz Island -- famed location of a high-security prison that's now a tourist attraction -- comes from the Spanish "Isla de los Alcatraces," or "Island of Pelicans." • The murre, a bird found in the Arctic, actually dives into the water and swims to catch the small fish that comprise its diet. Interestingly, its eggs aren't like those of any other bird in the world: The whites are blue, not white, and the yolks are bright red. • Those who study such things claim that the oceans eventually will dry up -- in about a billion years or so. • The Transportation Security Administration banned cigarette lighters on carry-on luggage between 2005 and 2007. During that time, TSA screeners confiscated 22,978 lighters every day. Safe disposal of those lighters cost the taxpayers approximately $4 million every year. ------------ Thought for the Day: "In this world there are only two tragedies. One is not getting what one wants, and the other is getting it. The last is much the worst." -- Oscar Wilde © 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.



Fact or fiction? Study these facts on mermaids and make your own decision! • The word mermaid has its origins in the Old English word “mere,” translating “sea,” combined with the word “maid”, meaning a young woman.


• Tales of mermaids first appeared in writing in ancient Assyria, around 1000 B.C., with the legend of the goddess Atargaris falling in love with a mortal, a common shepherd. When the goddess accidentally killed her lover, she was so ashamed, she jumped into a lake and changed herself into the form of a fish that was human above the waist. • Greek mythology likened mermaids to sirens, more dangerous and aggressive creatures who used their enchanting voices to lure ships to crash into rocks or sandbars, and were said to have the ability to call up fog or storms, or cause insanity.

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• While in some folklore, mermaids are associated with danger and misfortune, Irish legends paint a much more romantic picture of benevolence toward mariners, and sailors marrying mermaids and bringing them home. Some Irish families even claim that mermaids are their ancestors and include images of the aquatic creatures on their family crests. • Explorer Christopher Columbus recorded seeing mermaids during his first voyage to the New World. In the ship’s log, he wrote “when the Admiral went to the Rio del Oro he saw three mermaids which rose well out of the sea…they were not as beautiful as they are painted though they have something of a human face.” That’s been explained away by attributing the sight to manatees breaking the ocean surface from beneath patches of seaweed, giving the impression of flowing hair. Manatees have a flat tail and flippers that resemble stubby human arms, and from a great distance, may have resembled a mermaid. ...cont'd

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DIFFERENCES: 1. Bat is shorter. 2. Home plate is different. 3. Fence board is moved. 4. Clothesline is missing. 5. Glasses are missing. 6. Collar is smaller. © 2018 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.

MERMAIDS (cont'd):

• Another explorer, Sir Richard Whitburne, who discovered Newfoundland in 1610, also reported the sighting of a mermaid, as well as Answer: Dell. Henry Hudson’s crew during their search for A VERY LARGE NUMBER the Northwest Passage in 1625. The Mermaid •ofEdward Kasner a mathematician. Amboina waswas reportedly captured In off1938 the he was asked to come up with a name coast of Borneo in the mid-18th centuryfor anda very large number: the numeral one, followed is said to have survived for four days. Even in by a hundred zeros. He asked his two young the 21st century, mermaid are reportnephews what name they sightings would suggest. ed, mostly noted in Israel and Zimbabwe. The • Nine-year-old Milton suggested a name tourism board in the Israeli town where a merout of the funnies. A cartoon strip character maid wasBarney reported a $1 million named wasoffered very popular. Miltonreward chose toBarney’s the first last person to photograph her. name for the number. To date, rewardannounced has not been •the Kasner the claimed. new name for the big number in next book, alteringfeatured the spelling. • Carvings in his Medieval churches mera comb a mirror, symbol•maids Sixty holding years later, Larryand Page and Sergey Brin izing the sins of pride andsearch vanity. Mermaids developed a new internet engine. Other search aengines eachChristian webpagesouls and holding starfishsearched symbolized ranked according to how many times a who had them been lost to the sin of lust. specific term appeared on them, but Page and • Danish author Hans Christian Andersen pubBrin designed their search engine to search for lished his fairy tale “The Little Mermaid” in the specific term and then find out how many 1837, story of athat young who page, gave linksthe there were led mermaid back to that upwhich her life in the sea to gain a human soul. resulted in a better search engine. Acthe story, honor ofahername birthday, •cording They to decided theyin needed that the mermaid was permitted to swim to surreflected how many websites the the search face, where observed They the birthday celebraengine wasshesearching. took the name of of Edward Kasner’s verybeing largeheld number, only tion a handsome prince on a ship. they misspelled it slightly, so it ended up being When a storm sank the boat, she saved the spelledfrom exactly the same way the the cartoon prince drowning and delivered uncharacter Barney spelled his last name. What’s conscious royal to the shore. The mermaid barit called? (Answer at bottom of page) gained with a sea-witch, giving the witch her COMPUTER FACTS tongue in exchange for human legs. Unlike the •happily-ever-after In 1981 Bill Gates said, of “640 of memory ending thekb1989 Disney ought to be enough for anybody.” film, the mermaid could not tell the prince of •her Moore’s computer effortsLaw that states savedthat his life, couldperformance not win his doubles every 18 to 24 months, and ever Dansince love, and died when he married another. 1971, this has beenErichsen true. ish sculptor Edvard gifted the city of •Copenhagen HP, Google,a bronze Microsoft, and were all statue of Apple the Little Merstarted in garages. maid in 1913, and the 4.1-ft-tall statue sits atop a rock inGoogle, the city’s harbor. Answer: from googol.

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Sports Answers 4. Mia Hamm, 1. Pedro Abby WamMartinez, bach, Kristine in 1999. Lilly, Michelle 2. Four times Akers, Tiffeny (1993, ‘94, Milbrett. ‘99, 2002) 3. Wilt Cham- 5. Jimmie Foxx hit 58 HRs berlain (‘62)




6. The Bee Gees 7. $200 or 10 percent of your worth. 8. “Thriller” by Michael Jackson 9. 1975

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Profile for Tidbits of Grand Forks - East Grand Forks

Tidbits Grand Forks - August 23, 2018  

"Hospitals," "Catfish" and "Mermaids"

Tidbits Grand Forks - August 23, 2018  

"Hospitals," "Catfish" and "Mermaids"