April 2017

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FILM FREE ARTS Vol. 8 No. 4 MUSIC APRIL FOOD 2017 CULTURE thewalleye.ca

Low Impact Living









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■ 8


CoverStory: Low Impact Living ■ 9 Seeking the Simple Life ■ 10 A Straw Bale Homestead ■ 11 Power.House ■ 12 How Green Are You? ■ 14 EcoDepot ■ 15 From Grey to Green ■ 16 Green, Five Years Later ■ 17 Going Green



■ 18 Bread. Butter.

Cheese. Happiness ■ 20 Keen on Green ■ 21 Creating a Sustainable Food System ■ 22 Barbecupid ■ 23 Farewell Gargoyles ■ 24 The Crew on May

■ 26 Living Off the Grid Movies ■ 27 10x10 Turns Five ■ 28 Thunder Bay

Environmental Film Festival ■ 29 NOSFA Wraps 25th Anniversary Season ■ 30 Here on the Flight Path



■ 32 The Superior Quilts Show ■ 33 Don’t Eat the Fish ■ 35 Canadian Contemporaries ■ 36 The Family Stone CITYSCENE

■ 38 Potential ■ 39 Superior Islands Nature Reserve ■ 40 Pawsitive Nature ■ 41 Green Beauty ■ 43 McChristie's Handcrafted Soaps

36 Thunder Bay’s arts & culture alternative

Editor-in-chief Darren McChristie Editor Adrian Lysenko adrian@thewalleye.ca Associate Editor Amy Jones Senior Editor Tiffany Jarva


■ 50 Weather Eye MUSIC

■ 52 Arley Hughes ■ 55 A Bittersweet Goodbye ■ 56 Misanthropy Northwest ■ 57 The Power Duo ■ 58 Casey Laforet of Elliott Brood ■ 61 All-Ages Welcome ■ 63 The Harpoonist & The

Axe Murderer ■ 64 Out of their Comfort Zone ■ 66 Kings of Canadian Roots Rock


■ 70 The George Jeffrey Children’s Centre


■ 72 Litter Prevention 101 HEALTH

■ 73 Need to Break the

Sedentary Cycle

■ 19 Drink of the Month ■ 42 Stuff We Like ■ 45 This is Thunder Bay ■ 68 Off the Wall Reviews ■ 74 Tbaytel April EVENTS ■ 76 Music EVENTS ■ 77 LU Radio's Monthly Top 20 ■ 78 The Comics ■ 80 The Wall ■ 81 The Beat ■ 82 The Eye


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■ 44 Conducting the TBSO ■ 46 Leadercast ■ 47 Conscious Fashionability ■ 48 Beautiful Unfolding

Contributing Editor Rebekah Skochinski Copy Editors Amy Jones, Kirsti Salmi

Marketing & Sales Manager Maija Zucchiatti ​ sales@thewalleye.ca Photographers Patrick Chondon, Bill Gross, Scott Hobbs, Dave Koski, Darren McChristie, Marty Mascarin, Laura Paxton, Tyler Sklazeski. Chad Kirvan Art Directors Steve Coghill, R.G.D., Dave Koski, R.G.D. production@thewalleye.ca Ad Designer Dave Koski Miranda van den Berg

The Walleye is a free monthly publication distributed on racks throughout Thunder Bay and region. Reproduction of any article, photograph or artwork without written permission is strictly forbidden. Views expressed herein are those of the author exclusively. Copyright © 2017 by Superior Outdoors Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Editorial and Advertising: Submissions must be accompanied by a selfaddressed, stamped envelope. Superior Outdoors cannot be held responsible for unsolicited material. Superior Outdoors Inc. 15C St. Paul Street, Thunder Bay, ON P7A 4S4 Telephone (807) 344-3366; Fax (807) 623-5122 E-mail: info@thewalleye.ca

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From Our Instagram Feed

A Tolerable Planet


aving recently bought a house in the woods beyond city limits, my wife and I hope to be off the grid and as sustainable as possible in the future. But I can’t help but think of Henry David Thoreau’s quote: “What's the use of a fine house if you haven't got a tolerable planet to put it on?” With climate change and the state of politics in the world, sometimes it’s hard not to have a pessimistic or even (gulp) apocalyptic attitude. But I don’t think it’s about pessimism or even optimism—it’s about realism. We should look realistically at our daily activities and see how we can reduce our impact on the environment as much as possible. Every April we present our annual green issue in honour of Earth Day, and this year we’re focusing on low impact living. Whether it’s solar panels or a strawbale home, we profile four individuals who are reducing their impact on the environment. One way of lowering your ecological footprint can be as simple as composting, and writer Lindsay Campbell talks to the owners of Eco Depot about how they are in the process of becoming Northwestern Ontario's first permitted compost facility. Also, writer Karl Oczkowski checks in with three Thunder Bay families/businesses who opted for Ontario's microFIT program


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five years ago. Plus, Julia Prinselaar writes about green infrastructure initiatives and installations in the city. Last but certainly not least, have you ever wondered how ecoconscious you are? We’ll test your knowledge with a quiz we’ve put together. Continuing with our green theme, we take a tour of Thunder Bay Hydro's renewable energy pilot project “Power House,” writer Michelle Kolobutin shares some natural organic health and beauty products made in the city, and sommelier Jeannie Dubois recommends some organic beer, wines, and spirits. Also in the issue, Kirsti Salmi chats with Casey Laforet of Elliott Brood about the band’s upcoming show in the city, Justin Allec crosses conducting the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra off his bucket list, and Rebekah Skochinski gets a peek at The Crew on May, the new addition to the city’s vibrant culinary scene. I know environmental problems facing our planet and city can seem overwhelming or irreversible, but change has to start somewhere. And for that you have to look no further than people and organizations in our community. Don’t believe me? Just take a look at our April issue.

- Adrian Lysenko

Featured Contributor Julia Prinselaar Born and raised in Thunder Bay, Julia studied journalism in Montreal before landing a reporting gig on Vancouver Island. She currently works for a local environmental organization, but has been contributing to The Walleye for the past four years. This is her third time appearing in our annual Green Issue. As a passionate gardener, hunter, budding herbalist, and wild food enthusiast, Julia is rarely without a project that relates to traditional skills and her love of the natural world. You can find her story about Jane Oldale’s off-grid home on page 9 and green infrastructure on page 16.

On the Cover Low Impact Living by Darren McChristie

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TBSO Cabaret 3: Stars of the Orchestra April 13 & 15

Italian Cultural Centre Have you ever wondered what music your favourite Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra musicians love the most? Here’s your chance to find out! Get to know your TBSO musicians up-close and personal in this unique two-night concert. The musicians will perform some of their favourite solo pieces, accompanied by the full orchestra and led by conductor Arthur Post, and share with you the stories about what the music means to them. Tickets are $11.50$32 and available at the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium box office. tbso.ca

April 19 – 23

Bora Laskin Theatre, Lakehead University Faculty of Education Now in its 8th year, the Thunder Bay Environmental Film Festival is a local film festival organized by the Thunder Bay Environmental Film Network (EFN) highlighting environmental issues of local, national, and international interest and relevance. This year, the theme will be focused on water, and along with the regular lineup of incredible, hard-hitting, beautiful films, this year’s festival will feature some youth film projects as well. Festival admission is free, however donations are very much appreciated. Keep an eye on their website as the festival approaches for more information and to see this year’s lineup of films. tbefilmf.wordpress.com


Elliott Brood April 21 Crocks

Elliott Brood will bring their signature “death country” sound to TBay this month as the band hits Crocks on April 21 on a cross-Canada tour in support of 2014’s Work and Love, their fifth studio album. Formed in 2002 in Toronto, the three-piece—consisting of Mark Sasso on lead vocals, guitar, banjo, ukulele, harmonica, and kazoo, Casey Laforet on guitar, lead vocals, backing vocals, bass pedals, keys, and ukulele, and Stephen Pitkin on percussion, sampler, and backing vocals—is one of Canada’s best-loved roots acts, and this is one show you won’t want to miss. elliottbrood.ca


Taste of History Dinner April 21

Prince Arthur Waterfront Hotel & Suites

Join the Thunder Bay Museum in celebrating the past 100 years with A Taste of History, an evening of food and discussion focusing on the year 1917. Special guest speakers for this event include four local experts who will be presenting short talks on various local and international happenings centred around the year 1917. These talks will be paired with a gourmet French meal made from recipes of the time. Attendees will also have the opportunity to participate in a silent auction for a chance to win some amazing prizes with all proceeds going towards helping the Thunder Bay Museum continue to make history! Tickets are $65 each, $120 for 2, or $400 for a table of eight. thunderbaymuseum.com


Confluence April 21 – June 4

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Collection of John Cook


Thunder Bay Environmental Film Festival

Organized by Carleton University Art Gallery, Confluence is an exhibition by Meryl McMaster. The Ottawa photographer had a solo exhibition at the Smithsonian National Aphoristic Currents (2013) Museum of the American Indian in Manhattan, and her latest series of photographs, titled Wandering, opened at the Museum of Contemporary Native Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and later travelled to Toronto. Now, just 27 and only six years out of the Ontario College of Art and Design, she has a career-to-date survey at the Carleton University Art Gallery, a rare honour for an artist so young. Confluence comes to the Thunder Bay Art Gallery as part of a cross-country tour. theag.ca The Walleye

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A Low Impact Life Work Hard, Buy Less

Story by Michelle McChristie, Photo by Darren McChristie


ark Boles couldn’t imagine a life connected to the grid, let alone living in the city. Since 1999, he has lived about 40 kilometres outside of Thunder Bay on a 160-acre property that was originally settled by a Finnish railroader in the 1940s. Although the original log home burned down long ago, Boles has maintained the property true to the homesteading lifestyle while minimizing his impact on the environment. Boles lives in a 680-squarefoot solar-powered log cabin that has been renovated from top to bottom, literally. While some people might have started fresh with a new building, Boles adheres to the 3Rs—repair, restore, and refurbish. With the help of friends and neighbours, he jacked up the cabin


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and replaced the rotten foundation logs, installed a metal roof, replaced the floorboards, and added a 96-square-foot straw bale addition. While his renos have focused on preserving and improving the structure of his cabin, they haven’t included modernizing its utilities other than adding a small solar system to power some tools, a television and stereo, lights, and a few appliances, including a freezer (but not a fridge—he uses a homemade icebox in the straw bale addition to keep food cool). This might be counterintuitive to the average person since the electrical grid is a mere hundred feet away. Boles heats his home with firewood he cuts by hand from his property in the winter—no quadrunner or log splitter here,

just an electric chainsaw and axe and a sled that he built out of repurposed downhill skis and a little bit of lumber. As for water, he lives without indoor plumbing. Over the years, he has learned to conserve well water and harvest rainwater, which can then be used to irrigate his gardens. Boles’ interest in gardening was piqued while studying horticulture at Sir Sandford Fleming College in the 1990s. This is where he first heard the term “organic”—a novel concept in Thunder Bay at the time. From May until November, he devotes the majority of his time to growing food—including upwards to 300 pounds of garlic that he sells at the Thunder Bay Country Market—and harvesting edible plants and berries. Up to a few years ago, when he

bought his first rototiller (a fourstroke), he worked the soil entirely by hand. “Breaking up the clay to build new beds was getting too hard on my body. I had to cut down on hand cultivation a little,” he says with a tinge of regret. He eats a simple diet that is low on meat and dairy and high in grains and veggies and supports local growers and producers as much as possible. You won’t find Boles at the mall or a big box store—he prefers thrift shops for clothing and household items and the ReStore for building materials. “My floor is covered with eleven different types of laminate flooring that I collected over a period of three years. A few of them went together—I think of it as the Partridge Family bus pattern.” He is also skilled at mending clothing and knitting in

keeping with the 3Rs. It’s safe to say that Boles does everything he can to minimize the size of his ecological footprint although that is not his sole motivation—it’s also about pushing his limits as an individual. “Challenge is good,” he says. “You can learn to do things on your own you would have never thought possible before.” It’s a lifestyle he describes as incredibly rewarding. “It’s non stop work but I can’t see myself living differently. I really hope I die first,” he jokes, adding, “I don’t want to think about having to let go of this.” At 51, Boles is lean and fit, so it’s unlikely he’ll have to give up his low impact lifestyle anytime soon. “To me, there is nothing better. This is a dream come true.”


Seeking the Simple Life Rewards and Challenges of Going Off-Grid By Julia Prinselaar


n a clear and sunny afternoon in March, I approach Jane Oldale’s house at the end of a meandering gravel road. Her dog Willy, a middleaged husky mix, greets me with a series of excited pants at my car door. Since he was a puppy, Willy has joined Jane as her fourfooted companion on 240 acres of forested land, loyally keeping wolves and other predators at bay. Wearing a plaid cap and a denim vest with two long, braided pigtails on either side, Oldale smiles and ushers me toward her home, a modest two-storey Lindal Cedar prefab built in the 1970s. Americandesigned and completely off the power grid, Lindal Cedars were considered to be ahead of the green building curve at the time. The pleasant warmth of her home is inviting,

with interior walls lined with pine, wide south-facing windows, and a large wood stove at its centre. Sunlight shines into the kitchen as Oldale prepares a pot of tea and a few slices of banana bread. The outdoor air is crisp and the temperature hovers around -10 ℃, but the stove hasn’t burned wood for hours. “This is what this house was designed for,” she says, referring to the favourable temperatures and the sun. Six solar panels stand beside her deck, and two panels on the roof generate thermal energy to make hot water—in total about 810 watts of power. With more than three quarters of her household electricity reliant on the sun, coming out of the short, cloud-covered days of winter is a welcomed emergence. On a stretch of sun like this, Oldale is able to use her breadmaker and electric kettle, watch movies, and run a little fan to circulate indoor air. For the last 39 years, she’s relied on the rhythms of nature to power her home. During extended periods of cloudy days, she adjusts.“Like okay, I’m not doing laundry today,” she says. “Maybe I’ll read a book tonight instead of watching a movie.” When Oldale left Westfort and purchased property above the Slate River Valley, she built her house half a mile from the last hydro pole. For years she didn’t have a telephone, until she installed the cable lines herself. A 72-foot tower generates some wind power for the home, but it can be temperamental under high winds. When all else fails, she uses a backup generator. Her partner, Frank Ilczyszyn, is the now-retired solar technician who

developed the home’s off-grid infrastructure. Comprised of regulators, monitors, breakers, and a massive battery pack in her basement, Ilczyszyn’s wizardry brought her home to life. “I’m so grateful for everything he’s done here,” Oldale says. She’s picked up a lot of the knowledge over the decades and considers herself a “numbers nerd,” diligently keeping record of her home’s energy consumption. She uses under 2 KWh of electricity per day—less than a tenth of the average Canadian household. “It’s hard to live this kind of lifestyle without knowing how much energy you’re consuming,” she says. “You can’t just translate a conventional on-grid lifestyle to an off-grid lifestyle and expect to live the same way.”

surroundings. Over the decades, she has noticed the chorus of the songbirds going quiet, wolf numbers increasing, and ticks moving in. Living intimately with the land offers the gift of being mindful and the time to pay attention. In the fast-paced web of technology and urban life, these are hard-won virtues. How long will Oldale continue to live here? She’s not sure, but she indicates an eventual possibility of change. “Overall, the fact that I can look out the windows and, wow!” she exclaims, gesturing to the scenery and the breadth of her land. “I’m not ready for apartment living, yet.”

So I have to ask: what’s the appeal? Oldale is the first to admit that off-grid living isn’t simple or straightforward, or even all that cheap. And there are days she finds herself dreaming of how nice it would be to have a thermostat, or high-speed internet, or Netflix. Still, she embraces the lifestyle and favours the sense of independence, though she still relies on a vehicle for travel. “There are different ways to live out your commitment to an environmentally responsible lifestyle,” she says. “It’s really satisfying.” Satisfying, and by no means solitary: Oldale continues to participate in various groups, and has a tight-knit crew of friends. But when Oldale does need time alone, she often spends it hiking with Willy or swimming in the lake to the north of her property. Essentially a park warden, Oldale has become the eyes and ears of her The Walleye


CoverStory good curtains,” Haessler says. “Just from the perspective of how wildly different our summers are from our winter, it’s a very efficient home to heat and cool.” Another reason why the couple decided to go with straw bale construction was that they would be able to do the majority of the work themselves. “There was something about [the fact] that I know I can pick up a bale and stack in place and I can hit it with a tamper and I can run a nail gun,” Haessler says. “It just seemed accessible as a building technique to do.”

A Straw Bale Homestead

Couple Aims for Self-Sufficiency and a Small Environmental Footprint Story by Adrian Lysenko, Photos by Dave Koski


erek Grizans and Lisa Haessler’s home in Kaministiquia is unassuming from the outside—it looks no different from others in the area despite that it’s under construction. But step inside the 1,100 square foot home and you’ll see the walls are made of straw bales—450 by the couple’s estimate. “A lot of Three Little Pigs jokes from people come up,” Grizans says. “I think down at the Kam post office they refer to it as the Three Little Pigs’ house.” The idea came to Grizans more than 10 years ago when he helped a couple build a straw bale garage in the city. Research has shown that straw bale construction is a sustainable method of building from the standpoint of both materials and energy needed for heating as well as cooling. “It’s very appropriate for our environment, very efficient, and has a small environmental footprint,” Grizans says. He considered various materials and options for building a homestead—including logs, cob, adobe, and stack walls—but eventually decided on


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straw bale because he says the esthetic was more appealing. “When I met him and we started dating he had all these books on alternative building styles, so he had been looking into lots of different techniques,” Haessler says. “It wasn’t really until I saw a straw bale house and stepped inside one… I just thought if this is what straw bale looks like then I’m definitely on board. But at that point we had bought the property and the bales were in our garage, so we were already committed.” The couple purchased the 85 acre lot in September 2014 and began construction a year later with straw from the Slate River Valley and Murillo. Situated on top of a hill and facing south, the home will get more sunlight which they can use for a natural heating source. “The insulation value is better so in the winter your house is holding heat better and in the summertime similarly you can control how much heat you’re taking on by adding a few

The couple did hire professionals like an electrician and a contractor to build the post and beam structure. But when it came to straw bale construction, they did most of the work themselves or with the help of friends and family. Grizans and Haessler hope to be 85% complete by September, at which point they will have their solar power system hooked up. The choice to go solar was an important decision for them instead of being dependent on hydro. “We just wanted to get out of that racket and part of this exercise has been just to be as self-sustaining as possible, be it food, energy, or what have you,” Grizans says. “We’re in a part of the world where we do get a lot of sun, regardless, especially in the winter time.” Haessler describes their choice as similar to growing their own food. “I feel that’s really grounding to be aware of

what’s sustaining you and to be mindful of living within that,” she says. “This property feels pretty ideal for location and just how healthy the ecosystem is around it. We’re right in the thick of it with wolves, bears, deer, and fish in the stream. We just want to be a part of that and as non-disruptive as possible.”



TBay Hydro Creates Home Renewable Energy Pilot Project

By Pat Forrest


hunder Bay Hydro is tackling the future of electricity distribution, working with a local homeowner to generate clean energy and serve as a power source to support the electricity grid. Earlier this year, a few months after announcing its partnership with Powerstream Inc., Thunder Bay Hydro unveiled the first installation of a Power.House system in the city—a solar power generator controlled using a software management system. The installation was undertaken in January by local contractors, and consists of rooftop solar panels, a bank of high-capacity, utility-grade batteries to store the power, and a master control unit that work together to collect solar energy during the day and convert it into electricity. On sunny days, electricity is sent to the battery backup, used in the home or forwarded to the electricity

grid for credit. The software management system determines the routing depending on what is best for the homeowner at that time.

consumption before,” she says. “I’m looking forward to saving energy and giving back to our city’s electricity supply.”

“It’s an exciting time for our company,” says Robert Mace, president of Thunder Bay Hydro. “Thunder Bay Hydro’s job is to provide local customers with access to electricity. We are pleased to be able to be on the path to implement technologies that will benefit our customers, providing alternatives to getting electricity from the grid.”

The system is expected to generate approximately 6000 kilowatthours of electricity per year, resulting in a significant reduction of electricity required from the grid. “We look forward to seeing the benefits this project brings to the Thunder Bay community,” says Andy Armitage, manager, Customer Service and Billing. “We expect that the project will result in a higher level of knowledge regarding energy usage, have a positive bill impact and provide effective power outage protection for the home.”

The first home to take part in the program was selected based on grid location, roof orientation and size, willingness of participants, and satisfaction of home assessment criteria. Homeowner Kristine Thompson says that she is interested to see how much power can be generated from her home. “I have never given any thought to my home’s energy

Thunder Bay Hydro will determine how it will move forward with the technology once the system has been observed over a measurable period of time.

Thunder Bay Hydro president Robert Mace The Walleye



How Green Are You? In celebration of our annual Green issue, we’ve put together a quiz with help from EcoSuperior and the City of Thunder Bay to test your knowledge on subjects that include recycling and the environment.

1) What time does waste and recycling need to be out at the curbside? a. By the time you usually see the garbage truck arrive b. By 7 am c. By 9 am

2) What is the weight restriction for curbside waste and recycling? a. Individual items (bags or cans) must not weigh more than or 40 lbs b. All items put together must weigh less than or 40 lbs c. There is no weight restriction

a. Save them in a reclosable bag for the next collection

3) What should you do with old household cleaners, paint, fluorescent bulbs/ tubes, and motor oil?

b. Drop them off at any branch of the Thunder Bay Public Library c. Drop them off at the Household Hazardous Waste Depot at the Mapleward Road (SWRF) d. All of the above

a. Store them forever in your garage b. Sneak them into your garbage c. Take them to the Household Hazardous Waste Depot at the Mapleward Road Solid Waste and Recycling Facility (SWRF)

5) In the city of Thunder Bay, which of the following items are NOT recyclable? a. Juice boxes b. Yogurt containers c. Milk cartons


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4) What can you do with used household batteries when it's not time for the yearly collection?

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13 Answers:

6) a. Recycled plastics production requires only 5% of the energy output needed to produce new plastics.

2) a. Waste collection staff members pick up waste and recycling from thousands of households in a day. 40 lbs. is the limit for each separate bag or can. It is alright if a can contains many smaller bags, as long as the total in the can does not exceed 40 lbs. Remember that snow or rainwater in your can may cause it to exceed the limit.

5) b. Yogurt containers—they are a #5 plastic. We can only recycle #1 or #2 plastic bottles with a neck. But tetra packs like juice boxes and milk cartons can be added to your blue bags.

1) b. Always have your waste and recycling at the curbside by 7 am, even if the garbage truck "usually" comes later. Collection schedules can vary with weather, staffing, and vehicle circumstances.

7) c. Moldy cheese. Although it will decompose over time, dairy and meat tend to attract animals to your compost pile. 8) d. There is no fee to use the depot, which is open year round at the Solid Waste & Recycling facility. For info about where else these items can go, call EcoSuperior. 9) c. In Canada, paper and related products account for 33% of disposed waste. 10) d. Even within the same brand of product, the extra packaging makes the product an average of 36% more to buy the same amount of food in snack-pack size. You can save a lot by buying in bulk!

c. Moldy cheese

3) c. There is no charge to drop off household hazardous waste, electronic waste, or recycling at the SWRF. Take the second road on the right after you enter the gate to access these areas. Note: the worst answer is b! Never put hazardous waste items out with your regular garbage—if they reach the landfill, they can cause groundwater contamination.

c. 50%


d. 36% more b. Apple cores

10 - 8 correct answers - Eco-warrior

c. 25% more

c. 33% b. 25%

7 - 5 correct answers Eco-conscious

b. 10%

a. Eggshells

4 - 1 correct answers Eco-newbie

b. 12% more a. Same price

a. 5%

4) d. All of the above—and you can drop off batteries at EcoSuperior and Thunder Bay 55 Plus Centre too! Collected batteries are sent to an Ontario facility where all parts of the batteries are safely reclaimed/recycled.

a. 50%

9) Paper and paper products represent what percentage of waste material in Canada?

10) On average, how much more does it cost to buy food items in snacksize packages instead of their regular packaging? d. All of the above c. Old medicines b. Used motor oil a. Propane tanks

8) Which of the following items are accepted at the Household Hazardous Waste Depot? 6) Plastics made from recycled materials require how much energy to make, compared to those made from scratch?

7) Which of the following items should NOT be put in your composter?


CoverStory less flooding in certain areas where composting has been used,” Rizzo says. “The more we can divert as a city, the better it is for residents.” While the EcoDepot business manager says the public response over the facility has been positive, there has been common concern expressed on odours emanating from composting sites in other Canadian cities. Rizzo maintains the local depot will not inconvenience residents. “We’re in a business district where there’s lots of farmland and no residents, so there’s already some smell in the air,” she explains. “But, we’ve got contingency plans that are very stringent from the Ministry of Environment that we have to follow to ensure that there aren’t any emissions that could be a nuisance to people.”


City Goes Green with Northwestern Ontario’s First Composting Facility By Lindsay Campbell


n a matter of months, residents of Thunder Bay will have the option to use a new eco-friendly waste management system. This opportunity comes at the hands of a local organization, EcoDepot, with the construction of a multi-stream composting facility. The facility site, located within the municipal boundaries of Oliver Paipoonge, will not only be the first in the city, but also the only permitted composter in Northwestern Ontario. EcoDepot operations and business development manager Samantha Rizzo says going green will put Thunder Bay on the map with other Canadian cities that have adopted environmentally conscious ways of living. “We have a lot of work to do because we are far behind compared to the rest of the province, the rest of the country, and the rest of the world,” she says. “But, we know that Thunder Bay is a really great place to initiate this because it’s really the first of its kind.”


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The idea of a multi-stream compost facility came from owner John Staal in 2013. The business began a formal application process in 2015 through the provincial Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, where it was also able to apply for funding. Certification from the ministry was confirmed in 2016. “Right now we are still in the preliminary stages of actually constructing the facility,” Rizzo says. “We can’t really set a definitive date yet because of the weather being so unpredictable, but we’d like to be receiving waste by the summer.” To prepare for when the facility is up and running, the business is currently accepting untreated wood, leaves, and yard waste to use as materials for bulking agents. Bulking agents are used to achieve proper moisture and pH level in the compost. According to Statistics Canada, Ontarians generate more than 12 million tonnes of garbage each year. This is enough waste to fill up the Rogers Centre stadium in Toronto 16 times. However, one third

of provincial waste is organic, meaning that it can be composted. Along with reducing landfill space, the benefits of composting are reduction in greenhouse emissions and recycling food nutrients to return back into the soil. Returning nutrients back into the soil reduces the need for importing synthetic fertilizer and solidifies the structure of soil. “We get a lot of flooding in Thunder Bay and we’re seeing

Once the facility is operating, local businesses and residents will be able to contribute their organic waste. For residents, there is the option to bring their organics to the EcoDepot site. Currently the city does not offer curbside pick-up, although there have been pilot projects. Businesses are able to bring waste to the EcoDepot site or set up a meeting with the organization to determine the best way to separate the waste and transport it. For more information visit ecodepotwd.ca.

CoverStory facilities in the future. The City of Thunder Bay installed its first bioretention swale and multiple rain gardens to capture and treat stormwater at the Bearpoint Water Treatment facility. In 2013, an LID site at Beverly and High Street was the first designed for road drainage, and two years later, a nearby site was constructed beside Memorial Avenue at High Street to address poor drainage and to clean the water from the parking lots. City staff teamed up with Earthcare and students from Lakehead University last fall to plant several LID sites along McVicar Creek, and Confederation College installed its first infiltration facility in an effort to help protect the McIntyre River. This year, more than a dozen municipal projects are in the works in addition to six green infrastructure features being planted in Castlegreen Co-operative.

If you’re looking to beautify your property and help manage stormwater, installing a rain barrel and creating a rain garden are great ways to help the cause. The cityfunded Rain Garden Rebate program offers homeowners up to $500 in rebates toward landscaping supplies. Contact EcoSuperior for details. As the impacts of climate change become more visible in our region, with increased heavy downpours, more wind, and winter rain, society is being called to adapt. Creating more space for rain and snowmelt to soak into the soil not only improves water quality and reduces sewer overflows, but creates a welcoming space for visitors and a healthier habitat for the wildlife we share it with. To learn more about green infrastructure and local initiatives, visit earthcarewater.com.

Clayte St Planting: The planting crew for a bioretention installation at Clayte Street.

From Grey to Green Managing Rain Where it Falls

By Julia Prinselaar, EarthCare Water Working Group


hen rain falls on a forest, it has to travel a long way to get from cloud to creek. A raindrop might land on the branches of a tree, and trickle down the trunk to the ground before being absorbed into leaf litter and natural mulch. Plant roots loosen the soil to let water soak in and move slowly through the subsurface to feed streams and recharge groundwater. But when rain falls in the city, it takes a much different journey. From the rooftop of a building, a raindrop might run off into a downspout, flow over a driveway or parking lot, and disappear from sight down a storm drain—quickly bypassing its chance to soak into the soil. This network of catch basins, storm sewers and pipes is commonly known as grey infrastructure. Grey infrastructure captures not only rainwater but also road salt, motor oil, antifreeze, cigarette butts, heavy metals, and contaminants it carries before draining into local waterways, which empty into Lake Superior.

You might be surprised to learn that stormwater is not treated by municipalities before it enters our rivers and creeks. What goes down these drains eventually ends up in rivers and lakes downstream, and negatively impacts urban drainage, local water quality, and aquatic habitat. In response to these concerns, the City of Thunder Bay is joining a growing list of North American cities in support of green infrastructure. By naturalizing pockets of urban landscapes with rain gardens, bioswales, green roofs, parks, and engineered wetlands, more rain can stay where it falls and filter naturally through the ground before flowing into nearby streams.

▲ Group Planting - Sarah Cockhill -- Group planting at Clayte Street. Credit: Sarah Cockhill. ▼Memorial LID: A biofiltration site captures water from a parking lot at Memorial Ave and High Street.

Low Impact Development (LID) refers to engineered systems that use the same design principles to capture and treat stormwater in urban areas. In Thunder Bay, these techniques are gaining traction in both the public and private sectors with more than 25 installations so far. In the recent adoption of its Stormwater Management Plan, the city proposes over 500 new LID The Walleye



Still Green, Five Years Later One Local Church’s Journey with the microFIT Program

“We just get a cheque every month for the energy produced in the previous month, and all we really have to worry about is occasionally clearing the snow off the solar panels,” says Swayze, noting that everything else, including energy produced and solar panel health, is monitored by Solar Logix, the local business that supplied St. Stephen solar array. “We didn’t even know, but one day there was a panel not working. Solar Logix could see that and just came and fixed the panel without us having to do a thing.” While the return on investment for the church has been about 20% below initial forecasts at the beginning of their involvement in the microFIT program, Swayze says the overall experience has been positive, and one he has been pleased to be a part of. “We really appreciate the income it’s generating,” he says. “It’s been nice to be able to do something green.”

By Karl Oczkowski


f you go the corner of the Leslie Avenue and Arundel Street in Thunder Bay’s Current River neighbourhood, you’ll find the St. Stephen the Martyr Anglican Church. There, a seemingly normal and traditional building is doing something new and modern—producing solar electricity. Since August 2011, St. Stephen has been part of the microFIT Program, an Ontario government project that sees everyday homeowners, businesses, and organizations become energy producers and get paid for producing renewable energy. For some who get involved in the microFIT Program it’s all about going green, and for others it just sounds like a good investment. In fact, since the program’s introduction in 2009, the Ontario government has had to reduce the payout for electricity producers by as much as 30 percent to keep costs manageable for the government. Fortunately for St. Stephen, the church was an early adopter before the payout reductions came into effect in 2012, so the church was able to secure a 20-year contract selling


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electricity at 80.2 cents/Kwh. “You do hear some complaints about the cost of the program and the changes,” says Reverend Canon Ed Swayze, pastor at St. Stephen. “But the government needed to get the program started, and in the beginning, those high rates for producers were an incentive to get involved. It cost us about $90,000 to get the initial installation complete, and since then the costs of installation have come down dramatically. So in that way, the payout reductions kind of make sense.” Since installing their solar panel array, St. Stephen has been producing about 14 Mwh per year, which is about equivalent to the amount of electricity used by 330 homes during one hour. So at 14 Mwh per year, St. Stephen is producing enough energy to power over 4,000 homes for one hour, or one house for about half a year. As a result, the Ontario government is paying the church approximately $11,000 annually, which means they will break even on their initial investment around the year 2020.


Randy Mehegan, manager of housekeeping at Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre

Going Green

waste has been recycled by the hospital.

kilograms, or 29% of waste from landfill in 2016.

In 2015, the hospital was honoured with the Thunder Bay Chamber of Commerce Environmental Stewardship Award. The award is presented to the organization that best exemplifies environmentally sustainable operations through their normal course of business and in day-to-day operations.

Recently, the hospital has also become an electronic waste collection depot. Electronic waste from the hospital is sent for disposal through the Ontario Electronic Stewardship Program, which then provides a monetary refund. Since starting the program in July 2016, over 11,200 kilograms of electronic

“Achieving ‘green’ status is definitely a group effort,” says Mehagan. “The ideas may have stemmed from me, but it was the hospital team that made it work and together we continue to make progress. Everyone deserves recognition for the efforts they are putting forward for the environment.”

Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre Embraces Waste Reduction By Maryanne Matthews, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre


educe, reuse, and recycle. Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre has been focusing on the three Rs in order to become more environmentally friendly. Leading the charge is Randy Mehegan, manager of housekeeping, who firmly believes that the hospital has an environmental responsibility to the community.

here for the health and wellbeing of our patients and their families, which means taking care of the environment that they live in,” he says. “Although being green can be a challenge at times, we do it for the benefit of future generations. As an organization and as a community, we have to do whatever we can do to reduce waste.”

“First and foremost, we are

The hospital’s quest to go

green really took off in 1992, when Mehagan helped form the ZWATeam (Zero Waste Action Team) in Thunder Bay. This initiative focused on developing programs within the hospital that revolved around the three Rs, with the ultimate goal of sending zero waste to landfill. While there is still progress to be made, the three Rs program helped divert 353,000

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Food Cheese – to get the ideal blend of soft and melty with a hint of sharpness, try thin slices, piled high, of: Le Burgond Grand Cru (semi-soft, from France) with its layer of ash in the middle, and Challerhocker (hard, brined, from Switzerland). Bread – I love a good, chewy base for a grilled cheese. Try one of The Sweet North’s freshly-made baguettes, sliced lengthwise! (Pro-tip: slice off the top and bottom crust to make for a level sandwich surface.)

Batter – What now?? Beer (batter) makes everything better! Use SGBC’s Northern Logger to make a thin, flavourful batter in which to dip your sandwich before it hits the buttery pan. Other Stuff – Use a good quality butter (never margarine, and never-ever cooking spray!), a schmear of mustard, and a few slices of good ham, if you’d like. One of the experts I spoke with also suggested ketchup for dipping, although I don’t know why you’d wreck a perfectly incredible sandwich with ketchup…

Beer Batter for Sandwiches 1 egg, beaten

Bread. Butter. Cheese. Happiness

Mix the egg and beer together in a small bowl.

10 oz beer

Whisk the dry ingredients together in a medium bowl. Pour in the egg/beer mixture and mix until smooth. If, after mixing, you think the batter is too thick, thin it out with more beer! The batter should be more like the consistency of paint, and less like pâpier maché. This recipe will make a good amount of batter, and will keep in the fridge overnight. The baking powder may lose some of its leavening oomph, but it’ll still taste great!

½ tsp salt 1 tsp sugar 1 ¼ cup flour 1 tsp baking powder

By Chef Rachel Globensky


ave the date: Wednesday April 12, 2017 is National Grilled Cheese Day!

From its early Roman roots, straight on through the onslaught of sliced white bread and processed cheese in America in the 1920s, to Johnny Depp melting his sandwich with a clothes iron in Benny and Joon, the humble grilled cheese has been casually lounging in the background of household menus for what seems like forever. To celebrate the most ubiquitous of comfort food sammies,

and to call it up to the all-star league, I set out to see if I could create Thunder Bay’s best G.C. ever: a lavish concoction of perfectly balanced crispy-chewy-gooeyness that you can hold in your hand, dunk into a bowl of tomato soup, and top off with a crunchy dill. Since terrific ingredients make tremendous food, I talked to the experts at The Cheese Encounter, The Sweet North Bakery, and Sleeping Giant Brewing Co. to get the lowdown on locally sourced ingredients.


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Drink of the Month

Cocomania The Growing Season

Story by Rebekah Skochinski, Photo by Adrian Lysenko

The Growing Season 201 South Algoma Street 344-6869

Skipping meals is a huge don’t. But hey, sometimes skip happens (sorry). For those times when there just isn’t time, The Growing Season’s Vital Shake menu offers well-rounded meal replacements on the go with the right balance of fat, protein, and servings of fruit. We’re partial to the Cocomania because it’s a great option if you have dietary restrictions, yet it doesn’t taste like you’re missing out on a thing. In fact, this combination of potassium-rich coconut water, strawberries, pineapple, banana, and ground flaxseed tastes like a holiday. And because it gets blended in a fancy mixer until it’s smooth and creamy, you can sip it back and face the day like a champ without worrying about seeds stuck in your teeth. It’s also the prettiest shade of pink, if you go for that sort of thing. Spoiler alert: we do.

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Keen on Green By Jeannie Dubois, Certified Sommelier


rganic, by definition, is a farming process that allows nature to protect and nurture the growth of produce without introducing foreign substances through excluding the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, regulators and additives. Although the Darwinian simplicity of such a style of

farming sounds like good sense, certifiably raising organic crop can be an arduous and intense undertaking—hence the shockingly short list of wine, beer, and spirit purveyors that offer 100% certified organic product, from the grapes and grains down to the minutiae of the yeast colonies and fining agents.

But the pendulum has begun to swing towards a market that supports a more sustainable, localdriven, and organic approach to agriculture and the crop that it produces. To this end, there are many beer, wine, and spirit products that may not have organic certification, yet may still utilize organic and biodynamic methods or

employ sustainable models in their production facilities such as LEED Certification or Bullfrog Power. This is where you come in. Even enjoying a glass of your favourite bevvie may take a little more care and consideration when thinking of going green(er). By taking a moment to read that label on the bottle (producers

that put in a lot of work are proud of it!), which will state if what’s inside is organically grown, sulphur-free, vegan, etc., you may be able to make a selection that satisfies your thirst but also reduces your personal footprint in the vineyards, hop farms, and barley fields of the world. Think:

Certified Organic Beer:

Certified Organic Red Wine:

Certified Organic White Wine:

Certified Organic Sparkling Wine:

Certified Organic Spirits:

Beau’s Lug Tread Lagered Ale

Tawse Quarry Road Organic Pinot Noir 2013

Tawse Quarry Road Organic Chardonnay 2012

LCBO No. 307686 750ml

LCBO No. 111989 750ml

Tawse Spark Limestone Ridge Sparkling Riesling 2014

Toronto Distillery Co. Ontario Organic Wheat Spirit

Toronto Distillery Co. J.R.’s Dry Organic Canadian Gin



LCBO No. 370361 750ml

LCBO No. 365528 375ml

LCBO. No. 417485 750ml




LCBO. No. 169334 4 x 600ml


*Not available in Thunder Bay LCBOs, only through their online portal.

Follow this link for current global organic offerings available at the LCBO: http://hellolcbo.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/571/~/organic-products-list



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Creating a Sustainable Food System The Thunder Bay and Area Food and Agriculture Market Study By Sarah Kerton


or years, many people and organizations have been collectively engaged in creating a healthy, equitable, and sustainable food system locally. The last decade has seen steady progress, from the adoption of the Thunder Bay Food Charter in 2008 to the creation and adoption of the Thunder Bay and Area Food Strategy in 2014. The Strategy identified seven “pillars” of a sustainable food system for our area: food access, forest and freshwater foods, food infrastructure, food

procurement, food production, school food environments, and urban agriculture. Getting a comprehensive picture of local food demand was one of the major priority projects identified in the Food Strategy’s 2015 Implementation Plan. With the support of 13 local agricultural associations and economic development organizations, and funded in part by Growing Forward 2, (a federal-provincial-territorial initiative), the Thunder Bay and Area Food and Agriculture

Market Study (FAMS) has recently been awarded to a consultant. Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of the agricultural sector for our regional economy, but there is a lack of information that would assist in the growth of agricultural businesses. FAMS will fill this gap by producing a more detailed analysis. “FAMS will discover the demand for locally grown and processed food by sector. Research will be conducted on the size of the existing market as well as

the types and volumes of locally grown food being processed and purchased,” according to Amy Bumbacco, food strategy coordinator. “It will determine critical price points, general purchasing habits and preferences, and overall patterns of consumption, and try to determine the interest in and capacity for procuring more locally grown and processed foods.” It is hoped that the results will enable farmers and entrepreneurs to develop new businesses to fill gaps in the market,

leading to new job creation and retention. The information will also help to better target related funding and programming of banks, government officials, farmers themselves, and economic development organizations. The consultant will have staff out interviewing people over the next few months. If you happen to run into one, engage in an interview and take part in the market study research. For more information visit tbfoodstrategy.ca.

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Popular Food Truck Expands into Restaurant By Adrian Lysenko


fter three years of travelling the streets of Thunder Bay providing barbeque goodness to residents, the Barbecupid food truck has decided to settle down. “I've been describing it lately as McDonald's meets Tomlin,” says Mike Belisle, owner of Barbecupid. “It's quick, messy, and you probably shouldn't eat it every day, but it's done fresh from scratch with creativity and local ingredients.” The idea for establishing a permanent location for the food truck was born out necessity, Belisle says. “Up until this point I've been running the truck out of my house. We've achieved great success doing so but as a result of the popularity of the truck, we have run into problems with storage space, cooking space, and any other kind of space you can think of.” At first Belisle was looking for a location that he could use as a prep kitchen, but when the old Mr. Sub space on Red River Road came up, he decided to make it open to the public and create a fast casual restaurant. Menu items will include food truck favourites like the Memphis pig and Texas beef as well as newer items like a fried


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chicken sandwich and a falafel burger option for vegetarians. “We're also going to add a few new sides like Buffalo fried cauliflower, roasted balsamic and feta potatoes, and mac and cheese,” Belisle says. “The plan is to keep the same skeleton of a menu but change up how they're done each month.” Belisle points out the move is an expansion, not a replacement, and the food truck will still be around in the warmer months. As for the location, he is very excited to be in downtown Port Arthur and notes how impressive the culinary scene in the city is. “Chef Andrew Stone really got me into the real food scene in this city… through Andrew I met Steve Simpson (Tomlin), Alan Rebello (El Tres), and Joe Sposato (Bight) who are absolutely killing it downtown along with everyone else,” he says. “What those guys are doing never disappoints and I think we're really lucky to have a culinary scene that is world class.” Barbecupid’s new location is on 209 Red River Road. Find them on Facebook for more information.

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It’s Cool to Be Kind Monday, April �� • ��:��am City Hall

Thunder Bay has a GIANT HEART!

Let’s celebrate volunteers and kick off National Volunteer Week with an official flag-raising. Learn more about TBAVA

(Thunder Bay Association of Volunteer Administrators)


PHOTO CONTEST Thunder BayRainy River

Through your lens! Deadline: May 1st, 2017

To apply: Email your photos of Thunder Bay- Rainy River with your name and address to don.rusnak@parl.gc.ca or by mail (postage free) to: Don Rusnak Member of Parliament 950 Valour Building, Ottawa ON K1A 0A6 Top photo will be featured on Don Rusnak`s 2017 Christmas card and the cover of the 2018 calendar. FOR MORE INFO CALL (807) 625-1160

Thank You

Don Rusnak

Member of Parliment Thunder Bay Rainy River

Contituency Office Suite 1, 905 E. Victoria Ave. Thunder Bay, ON P7C 1B3 don.rusnak@parl.gc.ca • (807) 6251160

Doug Morrill

Farewell Gargoyles

Restaurant Closes Doors to Evolve Side Business and Product Line By Tiffany Jarva


ifteen years ago, a new gastropub emerged on the scene with a big city vibe: gothic gargoyle decor, high ceilings, a large cluttered stone bar, rotating art on walls, live music, and of course new fusion foodie (before we even knew what foodie meant) fare. The portobello bruschetta was an instant fav, the house-made Caesar dressing a delight, and the pizza choices fresh, urban, and fun. Gargoyles Grille & Ale helped set the tone for a new entertainment and dining district that would see the likes of Thai Kitchen, The Sov, Foundry, Silver Birch, and In Common move into the hood. “At the time, food was just starting to change from straight classic to more blending and fusing of ethnic foods,” explains Doug Morrill, who started the business. “Which most restaurants just do naturally now.” After two expansions, including the upstairs mezzanine and Little to the Left, and after thousands upon thousands of meals served, Gargoyles has closed its doors. “It’s been hard in a good way,” says

Morrill. “I am going to miss the people, my customers, my staff, and the intensity of it all. I made the choice for my kids. I was rarely home before 10 pm. Now I get home at 5:30 pm and I feel like I’ve only put in half a day.” And for those of us that miss the tastes of Gargoyles, Morrill now offers his Caesar dressing, Thunder Oak Gouda sticks, Raspberry-Apple Chutney, and, coming soon, Gargoyles-inspired cheesecakes at his other venture The Cheese Encounter, where former Gargoyles day chef Matt Wilkins now pours his creativity into the cheese. In addition to Gargoyles-inspired products, Morrill and Wilkins are also pickling and creating different kinds of antipasto. “I think we’re constantly growing from our culinary background and learning to expand our cheese in different ways,” says Morrill. “Like experimenting and coming up with a new bourbon-soaked gouda.” Got Gargoyle cravings? Visit 198 Algoma Street or thecheeseencounter.com. The Walleye



The Crew on May For Lunch, Dinner, and Late Night By Rebekah Skochinski


here’s a jukebox against the wall that plays Paul Anka tunes, a burned wood finished table in the shape of an octagon that resembles the helm of a ship, and a wooden sign that greets you as you swing open the door (the handle of which is fashioned from a baseball bat) that reads: “Have a seat at a clean table.” So far, The Crew on May, a new restaurant in the downtown south core,

seems to be a fun and eclectic sort of place. Managing partner and head chef Derek Lankinen is the creative vision behind the restaurant that joins a string of newly opened shops on this same stretch of May Street. “We see this area where PA was, say, about five years ago,” explains Lankinen. “And we may be about 12 months early for really big changes,

but we’re committed to being here.” This commitment includes two other ventures that he and his partners hope will further revitalize the area by tapping into its already rich history. For The Crew, what was formerly Volare Pizza has been completely redesigned with repurposed wood elements like old pallets and bi-fold doors and added banquette and booth seating. The original oak bar is reworked to a glossy finish and Caprice Ruberto’s custom art contributes to the overall rustic, northern esthetic. The food will fit with the warm and casual vibe, too. “We’ll have things like braised rabbit pizza with mint, Chimichangas, and we have an amazing Indian taco ready to roll,” he says.

For those unfamiliar with this delicious style of taco, it features a traditional frybread, seasoned ground beef and pork, a medley of beans and maize, tomatoes, lettuce, and cheese. “One of the partners is Aboriginal and a bit of that culture will be reflected in the menu.” Lankinen plans to update the inherited jukebox, and he’s excited about working with the already close-knit staff, some of whom he’s known since his college days. “My goal is to make food for people that makes them happy,” he says. “I want them to come in, have a good time and a great meal.” The Crew on May is located at 129 South May Street. Follow them on Facebook for the latest updates.

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The Second Most Pleasurable Thing We Do In The Dark: A Column About Movies

Living Off the Grid Movies By Michael Sobota

What if I were smiling and running into your arms? Would you see then what I see now? - Christopher McCandless’ (Emile Hirsch) last words in Into The Wild

The Blue Lagoon (1980)

Cast Away

Randal Kleiser directs a Victorian-era story about three people enroute to San Francisco who, when their ship is wrecked, find themselves abandoned on a tropical island somewhere in the South Seas. The only adult character, Paddy (Leo McKern), gets drunk one night on salvaged rum and drowns. The story becomes a journey for two children, cousins (Brooke Shields, 14, and Christopher Atkins, 19) who have to learn everything about how to survive in isolation. There is true pathos in their early struggles. As the story takes place over a decade of time, the kids mature in more ways than one. The film is worth a second viewing to see how this provocative subject was handled on the screen, nearly 40 years ago, and the many unintended laughs.

Robert Zemeckis directs a script by William Broyles Jr. about a FedEx employee (Tom Hanks) who also finds himself abandoned on a tropical island, following a plane crash. Broyles’ script tackles not only the physical environment and the skills Hanks’ character has to learn or improvise, but believably writes about the mental and emotional challenges of survival, alone, not knowing when you may be rescued. Hanks is effective in the role on all those levels.


Into The Wild (2007)

Working from his own script adapted from the best-selling book by Jon Krakauer, Sean Penn created one of the finest movies of the century. Emile Hirsch plays Chris McCandless, a modern young man trying to find out who he is. Graduated from university and estranged from his parents, he wanders most of the U.S. for a year and then heads north, deep into Alaska and into the wild. There he spends a year alone, living off the land and ultimately succumbing to starvation brought on by an intestinal infection. With gorgeous cinematography, superior editing, a fine supporting cast, and a stellar music score by Eddie Vedder, Into the Wild will open your heart and shatter it.


s a much younger man, I lived off the grid for several years in Kaministiquia. One spring, summer, and fall, I built a log cabin with my friend John. We then moved in and spent the winter there. We had no hydro, no phone, no plumbing, no running water. And the internet was not yet even a gleam in someone’s eyes. Movies about life off the grid are simultaneously inspiring and devastating, as most of them end in failure or compromise or transition back into “the real world.” Here are four magnificent movies, and one cheesy one that show us what life is like off-grid. Curiously, they all have one common element: on-screen nudity! I guess off-grid means really, really off grid.

Wild (2014) Canadian director JeanMarc Vallée directs Reese Witherspoon in one of the finest performances of her career. Based on the best-selling book by Cheryl Strayed, Witherspoon plays Cheryl who is fed up with her destructive life, runs away from it all without experience or ability to handle the wild. Cheryl embarks on a 1000-mile trek, alone, along the Pacific Crest Trail. The challenges she faces, both in her environment and in herself, help her come out the other side of this journey battered and bruised, but stronger. This is one of the rare hopeful stories of a journey off the grid.

Captain Fantastic (2016) Working from his own original script, director Matt Ross shows us an entire modern family living in a wild forest. Mom and Dad (Viggo Mortensen) have withdrawn their family from corporate, modern society, and teach their kids environmental skills as well as home-schooled academic learning in the middle of a forest. Mortensen is a fierce but kind father. All of the cast are believable, serious and sometimes funny, but Mortensen really shines. When Mom dies, the wilderness family faces a crisis: they have to re-enter urban society to rescue her corpse and give her a proper burial. There are more life lessons packed into Captain Fantastic than a thousand comic-book or Disney movies combined and tripled. The film is a modern masterpiece.

And here are five more titles to round the list up to 10. But, of course, you have to remain on-grid to watch them: The Black Stallion (1979), Alone in the Wilderness (2004), Charlie’s Country (2013), Tracks (2013), and Life Off Grid (2016).


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Marty Mascarin


10x10 Turns Five Annual Play Showcase Returns By Marcia Arpin


nce again playwrights, directors, actors, and production crews assemble and collaborate their creativity to present the 10x10 Gala Showcase. The 10x10 Theatre InTENsive Project annually presents 10 specially selected scripts that are 10 minutes long. This year jurors Thom Currie, Thomas McDonald, and Rachel Warburton were challenged to choose from many submissions but happily concluded on this year’s lineup. The Gala Showcase on April 29 at 7:30 pm and April 30 at 4 pm, will celebrate the year-long journey of regional participation in writing, technical, and acting workshops. As a result, audiences will be treated to a diversity of stories and a potpourri of talent.


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For their fifth anniversary, the planning and selection committee are proud to produce a playwright’s first script, a Lakehead University undergrad’s original story, and a playwright who has developed a play in all five showcases. Other selections include: Singularity (written by Roy Blomstorm) that offers a meeting of science and humanity, a comedy Golf Lessons (written by Jane Crossman), and more giggles from The Moose’s Ransom (written by Carole Sauve),

as well as The Stranger (written by Michael Lehto) that asks the question “how far does the apple really fall from the tree?” Directors were selected regionally and partnered with each script. This gave directors with a variety of skills and experiences a unique opportunity to showcase their ideas and collaboratively work with a playwright and actors. Actors were auditioned and welcomed inclusively into this creative process with the results generated in time for opening night. This year the Gala Showcase has expanded to feature YOUth 10x10. This 10 week workshop mentored youth (ages 1118) in the community each week to develop scripts for production. This resulted in another 10-week process to develop youth directors and actors. Together this dedicated team of youth has prepared several scripts, sets, and even puppets for audiences to appreciate. This program’s presentation will be featured on April 30 at 1 pm. Get your tickets as this event traditionally sells out quickly. You will not want to miss this popular event at the Finlandia Club. For more information visit 10x10tbay.ca

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Thunder Bay Environmental Film Festival

Festival Highlights Environmental Issues and Celebrates Advocacy

By Kris Ketonen Painted Land: In Search of the Group of Seven


ince its formation, the Thunder Bay Environmental Film Festival has had two distinct goals. First and foremost, of course, is to select a lineup of films that not only shine a spotlight on some major environmental issues, but also celebrate those who, through advocacy, are working to make change. “What we like to try to do is to balance the hope with the despair,” says Charlene Rogers,

festival programmer. “I think that we’re going to do a really good job with that this year. We’ve got the films that really are hopeful, and then the other ones that show what’s really happening.” The second goal of the festival, says Deanna Ford, festival chair and sponsorship manager, is about building community. Through its screenings and discussions, the festival aims to help attendees make change in their

own lives. “Sometimes we get asked ‘do the films really change people?’” Ford says. “Yes, is the answer. People make changes to […] what they buy to put on their bodies, everything from that to where they shop, and what they’re buying.” This year’s festival runs from April 19-23 in the Bora Laskin theatre at Lakehead University. Rogers says one film she’s particularly looking forward to is Painted Land: In Search of the

Group of Seven. “It’s about the Group of Seven, and these folks that went on a path to find the sites that the Group of Seven painted at,” she says. “It’s really about our northern landscape, and protecting that.” A highlight for Ford, meanwhile, will be the screening of this year’s Youth Environmental Film Project works. “[On Thursday, April 20], we’re going to show the two films made by youth who are essentially

picking up a camera for the first time, and editing for the first time, and putting a documentary together for the first time,” Ford says. This year’s Environmental Film Festival still has openings for volunteers and sponsors. Anyone looking to get involved can find more information at the festival’s Facebook page, the ecofilm.ca website, or by emailing environmentalfilmnetwork@gmail.com.

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“The Other Cinema.”

NOSFA Wraps 25th Anniversary Season Providing NWO with Artful and Insightful Film Experiences Since 1993 By Michael Sobota, Director, North of Superior Film Association


hen the North of Superior Film Association (NOSFA) began showing films in Thunder Bay, there were more than two dozen screens at a half dozen different movie theatres. That’s what the local movie

scene looked like back in 1992. The problem was most of those screens were showing American (Hollywood) studio movies. A small band of local cinema enthusiasts began meeting to plan how to bring other

films into Thunder Bay. There had been a successful—but short-lived—prior efforts to do so: a film society at Lakehead University that screened 16mm feature films, as well as a brief series of screenings at Confederation College called

In the fall of 1992, NOSFA was born. NOSFA began with the simple purpose of showing a variety of films that weren’t getting screened in Thunder Bay, such as independent films, Canadian films, and foreign films (and yes, there was an argument that American movies were foreign films). The first title was screened at the Cumberland Cinema. It was the French film Delicatessen. The group continued through the winter and spring, and were surprised and affirmed by the growing attendance and support. A second season was planned. And, to cap off that second season, a modest Northwest Film Festival was also planned. The first Northwest Film Festival occurred in late winter 1994, screening eight films over a four-day period. And though there have been a few bumpy years with financial difficulties and the closure of most of the existing movie houses in Thunder Bay, NOSFA has persevered. Run by an all volunteer board, NOSFA scouts new titles and works with a Canadian booking service to secure titles and the headquarters of Cineplex Odeon (Toronto) to secure dates and theatres at SilverCity as well as the staff of the theatre. NOSFA has a small army of dedicated volunteers who help out at each screening. And, over the span of two

and a half decades, it has probably the most loyal movie-going audience anywhere. It is that audience who annually support NOSFA with paid memberships and/or regular attendance at bi-monthly screenings between September and May. To wrap up this celebratory 25th Anniversary season, NOSFA will host the 24th Northwest Fil3m Fest (it’s the 24th because there was no film festival in the first season as NOSFA figured out whether it could survive.) This year’s Film Festival has one of the strongest list of titles it has ever programmed, including Academy Award and Canadian Screen Award nominees and winners. While spotlighting Canadian feature films, this year’s festival will show films from France, Japan, Australia, Sweden, Spain, Greece, the U.K., Mongolia, China, Iran, and yes, the U.S.A. The event launches with two films at a Festival Prelude on April 20 followed by a full day of ten titles on April 23. Then there are another two films on a Festival Interlude on April 27, followed by another ten titles on the closing April 30. The full program and schedule will be announced on April 12, including ticket information. For the announcement, go to nosfa.ca or their Facebook page.

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Here on the Flight Path

A Down-to-Earth Look at Dating By Leah Ching


agnus Theatre is gearing up for the final show of the 2016-2017 season with Here on the Flight Path, a down-to-earth look at dating that is sure to be a crowd-pleaser. Written by Norm Foster, the play is an insightful and humorous take on navigating the complex world of male-female relationships. With only two actors, the play examines one man’s relationship with three attractive women. John, a divorcee and long-time resident of the Canadian Aurora Terrace Apartments, is played by Stuart Dowling. Living a mile from downtown and literally on the flight path of a busy airport, John’s life is built around his buddies, and the ever changing tenants around him. Amy Sellors will be alternating her roles on stage and playing all three female leads. As a Toronto actress who has recently made a home in Thunder Bay, she will be playing the unattached and attractive women who move into the apartment with the terrace adjoining John’s, and shake his life up as a result. As the last show of the season, Here on the Flight Path features humour and romance that will pull at your heartstrings and give your spirits a lift. An ambitious two-character comedy, Norm Foster’s play is sure to prove that if there’s two things he knows, it’s human nature and comedy. Featuring two award-winning actors who are no strangers to Magnus or Foster’s plays, Here on the Flight Path is sure to end Magnus’ season off with a bang.

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The play also marks the end of Thom Currie’s first season as Magnus Theatre’s artistic director. Currie is thrilled to round out the season with such talented performers, and is looking forward to getting the 2017-2018 season off the ground. “Thunder Bay is a highly artistic town with a thriving arts community,” says Currie. “We have some of the best calibre of actors joining us at Magnus from Toronto, Vancouver, New York, and across the globe. It just goes to show that Thunder Bay is a crucial part of the Canadian performing arts scene.” Looking back on his first season, Currie shares his admiration for the arts scene in Thunder Bay. “I’ve had a great time at Magnus, and in Thunder Bay as well,” he added. “I was shocked at what a thriving arts community we have here. I’ve gotten to do lots. From jurying on 10x10, to getting out and seeing some of Cambrian Players’ productions, to hearing some performances by the symphony. It’s really been a blast.” With little time to reflect on his first season, Currie is looking forward to a summer show in July that features lots of talented local actors, and announcing the 2017-2018 season sometime this spring. “I can’t tell you a lot about what’s on the agenda,” he says. “But I promise, Magnus is going to blow the roof off with this one.” Here on the Flight Path runs April 10–22. Tickets can be bought at the box office or online at magnus.on.ca/.

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The Superior Quilts Show

The Thunder Bay Quilters Guild Showcase Work By Judy Roche


rom the fabric, the tools, and the friendships—not to mention the exquisite artistry associated with the craft—quilting has been bringing communities together for thousands of years. Following in this tradition is the Thunder Bay Quilters Guild and their biennial Superior Quilts Show. Established in 1981, the guild is celebrating its 36th anniversary this year. “Every second year we hold our big quilt show, Superior Quilts, to celebrate quilting and showcase the works of our members,” guild member and quilt show committee member Cindy Cockell shares. “We have almost 200 quilts and quilted items in the show ranging from small items to king size quilts. Visitors may vote for their favorite quilt.” With each quilt show the guild incorporates a challenge to its members. This year, it’s the Canada 150 Challenge—a small quilt show within their main show. “Each quilt show, we try to challenge our members in some way to do something they wouldn't ordinarily do. We pick a theme, often get a quilt fabric manufacturer to donate some fabric, and decide on the rules. This year the obvious choice was to celebrate Canada's 150th birthday, “ Cockell explains. “Northcott Fabrics donated three bolts from their Canada 150 fabric line. All three fabrics must be used

and the quilt can be no larger than 36" x 36". It's always amazing to see how many ways our members use the challenge fabric in their interpretation of the theme.” The guild has 155 members ranging in ages from early 20s to 90+ with a wide variety of skill levels and quilting styles, including traditional hand pieced, machine pieced, modern quilts, art quilts, miniature quilts, wall hangings, clothing, and accessories. On top of that, the guild does a lot of community service work outside of their meetings. “Last year we made over 200 teddy bear quilts, which we used to wrap stuffed animals and donated to Christmas Cheer. We also make hundreds of placemats for Meals on Wheels each year and over 100 comfort quilts each year for local senior homes, the hospital, and St. Joe’s. The quilt show proceeds help fund supplies for these activities.” If you’re new to quilting or interested in furthering your skills, the guild holds meetings on the third Monday of the month at Calvary Lutheran Church. For more information about the guild, its activities, and community support, visit thunderbayquilters.org. The Superior Quilts Quilt Show will be at the Coliseum April 28-30; Friday noon-9 pm, Saturday 10 am-4 pm, and Sunday 10 am-3 pm. Admission is $5 and free for children under 12.

Celebrate Earth Day Reduce.Reuse.Recycle.Restore.Replenish

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From Thunder Bay Art Gallery’s Collection

Don’t Eat the Fish By Nadia Kurd, Curator, Thunder Bay Art Gallery


MENTORS Are you a leader with business experience? The Thunder Bay & District Entrepreneur Centre is seeking mentors to lead, guide, and inspire youth program participants. Mentors enjoy passing down knowledge and wisdom to the entrepreneurs and business and community leaders of the future. As a mentor, you will be required to: • Donate 3-4 hours per month to informal meetings over the phone or in person • Share your insight into business and industry with the mentee • Help to answer questions, solve problems, and advise on business decisions Interested in mentoring? Contact : Tess Ahola, Youth Programs Coordinator tahola@thunderbay.ca (807)625-3286

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Title: Don't Eat the Fish (2009) Artist: Christian Chapman Medium: Acrylic on Canvas Size: 172.72 x 147.32 cm


urchased with the support of the Canada Council for the Arts Acquisition Assistance Program, 2010.

In Don’t Eat the Fish Fort William First Nation artist Christian Chapman vividly illustrates a cautionary story he was once told: don’t eat the fish from some of the freshwater lakes in northern Ontario. The warning undercuts some of the perceptions of northern Ontario’s pristine landscape as it draws attention to some of the ongoing environmental devastation in our region. In particular, the work highlights how mercury contamination of the EnglishWabigoon River system that surrounds Grassy Narrows First Nation has wreaked havoc on its peoples and their livelihood. Unresolved for 40 years, the poisoned

water source continues to cause damage to the well-being of the people from Grassy Narrows and to their environment. To communicate his message, a large, frenetically drawn skull at the centre of Chapman’s mixed-media painting is surrounded by silkscreened images of fish. Wry and poignant, Don’t Eat the Fish is one of a series of paintings inspired by “don’ts” Chapman heard over the years in his community. These paintings were shown in a 2010 solo exhibition at the Thunder Bay Art Gallery. Among Christian Chapman’s many achievements are the Premier's Award for Excellence (2016), KM Hunter Award in Visual Arts (2016), Jury Award for The North Now exhibition at Thunder Bay Art Gallery (2014), as well as the City of Thunder Bay Arts and Heritage Award (2011). He continues to live and work in Fort William First Nation.

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Canadian Contemporaries Critically Acclaimed Canadian Contemporary Art Visits Def Sup By Meegan Gildehaus


thrilling roster of worldclass artists are making their Thunder Bay debut at Definitely Superior Art Gallery on March 25 and continue to show for the month of April. The influential lineup of these multi-disciplinary artists presents a unique opportunity for the local community to experience major artists’ works usually reserved for major galleries worldwide. The first of the contemporary Canadian lineup is Diane Landry of Quebec. Her exhibit Knight of Infinite Recognition is a mesmerizing kinetic, light, and multimedia installation. Recognized as one of the country’s most prominent artists, Landry has shown and performed her work extensively throughout Canada and the world, with more than 100 exhibitions/performances in collections worldwide. The Contemporary 14 Collection, from Dr. Bob Chaudhuri’s collection, features 14 national artists exhibiting an entirely new lineup of groundbreaking and influential art. The variety of mixed media pieces includes painting, ceramics, sculpture, printmaking, photography, glassworks, and drawings. The unique collection supports the artists while also providing access to leading edge contemporary art for the public. It is also one of the largest contemporary collections in Northwestern Ontario and the

14 artists have all received various recognition from the international art scene. Marcel Dzama, born in Winnipeg and working and living in New York, is the final critically acclaimed Canadian artist presenting work at Definitely Superior Art Gallery this month. Dzama’s pieces draw recognizable inspiration from the 20th century modernist movement, with nods towards Marcel Duchamp, Dadaism, and Bauhaus, among others. Dzama’s short art film A Game of Chess is showing at the gallery and stays true to his internationally recognized style of imaginative imagery that contradicts and conflicts with pre-conceived ideologies. “The film is a beautiful, haunting, black and white avant-garde work portraying ballet, music, and chess—an ode to artist Marcel Duchamp,” says David Karasiewicz, Definitely Superior’s executive/artistic director. “All of the shows are world class, diverse, edgy, and highly contemplative. This is a recipe for excitement and we are excited!” These three Canadian contemporary exhibitions will run until Saturday April 29 at Definitely Superior Art Gallery. Be sure not to miss these acclaimed exhibitions this month. For more information visit definitelysuperior.com.

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The Family Stone Beach Treasures Become Art By Emma Christensen


t’s hard not to slip pebbles into our pockets while visiting Lake Superior’s beaches. For many of us, these items find their way into our homes and are gradually forgotten. Artist Raeghan Howard Judge always wanted to create something special with the beach treasures she’d collected with her sons. She found a new purpose for them as art. Her designs rely on carefully chosen beach stones and driftwood, simply and artfully arranged on canvas or paper. “People who are sourcing this are people who like the natural element of it,” she says. The artist’s work has been sought out by customers from as far away as Fort McMurray. Many are former Thunder Bay residents who find a cherished reminder of home in her work, which depicts favorite local pastimes and landmarks. True to her business name, Howard Judge is best known for portraying families of all types and at all stages of life. She creates portraits that uniquely represent milestones in family’s lives, like weddings, pregnancies, and the arrival of new family members. “I like that not every family’s journey takes the same road,” she says. Her arrangement of expressive beach stone


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figures conveys a sense of warmth, affection, and security. The idea for The Family Stone began with Howard Judge’s own relatives, who received her first beach stone portraits as Christmas gifts. Surprised and encouraged by her family’s positive feedback, she included a small amount of framed artwork in a sale display at last spring’s Craft Revival at The Foundry. “They had sold out within the first hour or so of the show, which completely shocked me,” she says. With the support of a friend, she launched a small business and began to market her work through social media. Although The Family Stone has received attention from customers across Canada, Howard Judge prefers to conduct business at a local level. She takes pride in working with each customer to create a one-of-a-kind, personally delivered piece of art. For her, the most important part of the process is the time she spends next to Lake Superior, hunting for beach treasures with her family. Want to see more? View The Family Stone art on Facebook at facebook.com/thefamilystoneart or email rhjdesigns@gmail. com for more information.

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Walleye Jr. to raise awareness about youth homelessness. His goal is to help eliminate youth homelessness. After Roberts’ years in Vancouver he returned home to Midland, Ontario. With the help of his mom, he returned to college. One day Roberts saw a homeless man and realized where he had come from and where he was now, and he decided to do something about youth homelessness in Canada. Roberts’ trek will take 517 days, pushing the cart 24 km per day from St. John’s, Newfoundland to Vancouver. Although he will not be walking through the three territories he believes it is very important to visit every part of Canada affected by this epidemic. On his way through Thunder Bay, Roberts met with youth who had worked on the Photo Voice project to give them some guidance and offer them some words of encouragement. Amber​ ​and​ ​Braiden​, two local teens who have struggled with homelessness, ​ shared​ ​their​ ​stories​, ​and I​ ​realized​ that anyone could have ​been​ ​in​ ​one​ ​of​ ​their


Youth Express Thoughts on Homelessness Through Photos

situations. Circumstances have the ability to drag people down and people have the ability to build them back up.​​​ I​ ​realize​ ​now​ ​that​ ​it​ ​is​ ​important​ ​to​ ​see​ ​ people’s​ ​potential, ​and​ ​not​ ​to judge​ ​by​ ​ their​ ​outward​ ​appearance.​ ​​You​ ​never​ ​ know​ ​someone’s​ ​situation ​or​ ​what​ ​they​ ​ are​ ​going through.​ ​​​They​ ​could​ ​have​ ​ parents​ ​who​ ​are​ ​addicted​ ​to​ ​drugs​ ​or​ ​alcohol ​or who are​ ​physically​ ​or​ ​mentally abusing ​them, or ​they​ ​could​ just ​be​ ​having​ ​a​ ​tough​ ​time​ ​in​ ​life​ ​right​ ​now​. If all that we see in homelessness is a wasted life then nobody wins. But if we can see that ​everyone​ ​has​ ​potential​ ​then we move toward change. “The​ ​Push​ ​for​ ​Change​ ​is​ ​not​ ​only​ ​ a​ ​trek​ ​across​ ​Canada​ ​to​ ​raise​ ​awareness​ ​ and​ ​money.​ ​The​ ​Push for​ ​Change​ ​is​ ​a​ ​ call​ ​to​ ​action,​ ​to​ ​get​ ​involved​ ​now,​ ​and​ ​ for​ ​the​ ​long​ ​term,”​ ​​says Roberts. Everyone​ ​has​ ​potential​ ​and​ ​everyone needs​ ​someone​ ​who​ ​cares,​ ​someone​ ​who​ ​ says​ ​keep​ ​going,​ ​someone​ ​who​ ​gives​ ​ them​ ​a​ ​second chance. Will YOU be that person?

By Mya Hane, Age 13


hen I walked into City Hall I was struck by the photos that had been taken by local youth who had been impacted by homelessness. The youth were asked to take pictures in the community that represented something significant to them and caption them to convey a message. The resulting images were unveiled in the form of an exhibit called Photo Voice at City Hall on March 15. Each photograph told a different story: a story of hope, desire, ambition, a past, a

wish, an expectation, a plan, or a goal. The Photo Voice project was spurred on by the incredible work of Joe Roberts and The Push for Change.​​Roberts​knows first-hand about what these kids and other homeless youth are going through. He went from​​living​on the streets of​​ Vancouver​ ​to​ ​becoming a ​very successful​ ​ businessman just because someone believed in him and gave him a chance. Roberts is pushing a shopping cart, an image often associated with homelessness, across Canada


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Superior Islands Nature Reserve Thunder Bay Field Naturalists Look to Protect Six Locations Story by Sarah Kerton, Photos by Sue Bryan


new land conservation effort is underway targeting a number of remote islands in the National Marine Conservation Area. The Superior Islands Nature Reserve will protect six remote island locations, including parcels on the east-shore of Vert Island in Nipigon Bay, two separate parcels on Spar Island, one at Fraser Point on Saint Ignace Island, a parcel at Agate Cove, and one on Swede Island. This effort is being undertaken by the Thunder Bay Field Naturalists, who have an accepted offer of purchase conditional on funding and are now fundraising to meet their goal. Founded in 1932, the TBFN has a long history of natural heritage knowledge and conservation concern for our

area. The group has an impressive record of successfully protecting a number of key conservation properties in our region (TBFN now owns and cares for 15 parcels of land totalling over 4,500 acres). Besides contributing to habitat and species protection in the area, these islands have community importance for the associated educational, recreational, and tourism related opportunities. This area is in the NMCA, as well as being on the route of the Trans Canada Trail’s Lake Superior Water Trail, both of which bring tourists to the area. The islands are presently completely natural, surrounded by crown land and by purchasing these small private parcels, the TBFN can effectively prevent development on large stretches of

shoreline and in some cases protect entire islands. The offshore islands are home to some rare arctic alpine disjunct plants unique to the cold Lake Superior shoreline. The area is also used by other species of interest such as bald eagles, peregrine falcons (on Vert Island), and American white pelicans (in Nipigon Bay). If you’d like to join or donate to the TBFN, there are many ways to get involved. Contact TBFN or donate online through the website tbfn.net (note donation is for the nature reserves) or mail a cheque to the TBFN mailbox (Thunder Bay Field Naturalists, Attention – Nature Reserves, Box 10037, Thunder Bay, Ontario. P7B 6T6). Receipts will be provided for all donations.

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Pawsitive Nature Apparel and Accessories for the Conscious Consumer By Michelle Kolobutin


s consumers become more aware and conscious of where they spend their money, they are looking for brands that do more than just offer a product—they want their purchases to contribute to a big-picture cause. Pawsitive Nature is an apparel and accessory line for wilderness explorers and dog lovers that responds to the conscious consumer.

makes the designs, constructs the silkscreen frames, does all the fabric dying, screening, printing, and marketing of the products herself. The designs on her items, which include shirts, infinity scarves, headbands, ornaments, and magnets, are inspired by her love for the outdoors, birch and cedar trees, and hiking and spending time with her dogs.

Founder and product developer Emma Siltamaki is an advocate of animal rescue as well as a true renaissance woman. She

Proceeds from the paw print cedar ornament (imprinted with her dog Thorstein’s own paw!) go to supporting

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Paws for Love Dog Rescue. Since launching, Pawsitive Nature has made over $800 in donations to Paws for Love Dog Rescue. In addition to supporting a local cause through her products, they are also all made in Canada and use bamboo and organic cotton as well as a water-based ink in the printing process to eliminate harmful chemicals.

For more information visit pawsitivenature.bigcartel.com.

Siltamaki launched Pawsitive Nature in November 2015. At that time, her line included five products. On May 1, she is adding a number of new items to her line, including new shirt designs and hats. Favourites like her unisex “Hike More Worry Less” tank are still available. Follow her on Facebook for info about her release or see her in person at the Spring Craft Revival on May 7.

To view or for more info please phone me, Betty Ellchook, at 935-2824

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Green Beauty

Natural, Organic Health and Beauty Products By Michelle Kolobutin


e often think nothing of our regular morning routine—what we wash our face with or brush our teeth with, or what’s in our shampoo, face cream, or makeup. Unfortunately, many of the cosmetics we use have less than ideal ingredients in them, not to mention are made in large factories and require long distance shipping. A couple of women who call Thunder Bay home have started their own skincare and beauty product lines that offer cosmetic products created by hand with ingredients that you can feel good about putting on your skin.

HAIL Cosmetics HAIL Cosmetics is a local line of all-natural lipsticks, hand-made by Elsie Tranmer. The look, feel and colour options available would make you think Tranmer has been doing this as long as L’Oréal or Revlon. Her sleek and minimal design is attractive and she has developed a range of shades to suit everyone. This spring, Tranmer is releasing two more shades to her current collection of seven. The base is 100% natural and has beeswax in it, which adds moisture to your lips and prevents them from drying out. HAIL also sources its packaging and printing here in the city. It is sold exclusively at MARS clothing store on Court Street and online (free local delivery available). hailcosmetics.com

Bare Organics Tina Panetta Body Products Tina Panetta creates vegan, parabenfree, animal-friendly, gluten-free body products. Her line includes moisturizers, scrubs, sunscreen, and hair serum. Panetta has been creating all-natural skincare products in her home for a decade now. It started as something she did for family and friends but grew into a full-time business venture. Panetta creates wholesome, pure, highly concentrated, and versatile formulas that enhance the natural essence and heal your skin. Her creams work on extremely itchy and dry skin, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, scars, and burns. Her formula can be used at any age and on any skin area. All her products are available online and free in-town delivery is available as well.

Karen Kerk and her family have been offering up natural, organic health and beauty products for a decade now. Bare Organics’ top seller, the Canadian Shield Deodorant, is made from all edible ingredients: coconut oil, shea nut butter, arrowroot flour, baking soda, and essential oils. It doesn't contain any aluminum. The baking soda and arrowroot absorb moisture and mask odour. Customers can choose between unscented, sweet, fresh, woodsy, or custom scents. Bare Organics products are available at many spots around the city including the Thunder Bay Country Market, the Bodymind Centre, and Wojo's Mojo. bareorganics.ca


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Stuff We Like To Reuse By Amy Jones


e know you know how important it is to use reusable products. But we also know how tempting disposable products can be—they’re easy, cheap, accessible, and usually well-packaged and well-marketed. This month, we want to rewrite that narrative slightly and give you some reusable options that are beautiful, easy to use, and, best of all, mostly local. Here is Stuff We Like to Reuse.

Hunter DLX Shopping Bag Yo2Go

Rechargeable Battery and Charger

Kitchen Nook 168 South Algoma Street Eliminate some of the food packaging from your trash can with this reusable travel yogurt container and spoon. (And if you buy your yogurt in reusable bottles from Slate River Dairy, you’re doing even more to reduce your waste!)

Home Hardware 901 Memorial Avenue Wouldn’t it be nice if, instead of a junk drawer full of possibly-new, possibly-dead batteries, you had one set that you could just recharge over and over? With rechargeable batteries and a charger, you will help reduce waste and cut down on clutter. It’s a win-win!


Fresh Air 710 Balmoral Street More than your average reusable shopping bag, the Hunter DLX shopping bag is a sturdy 600-denier polyester bag that easily attaches to a rear bike rack (sold separately) and can fold flat when not in use. It also has a shoulder strap for convenient shopping.


Eco Dishcloth Finnport 290 Bay Street If you are still using paper towel for anything in your kitchen, you really need one of these. These dish cloths from Finnport are super absorbent, odour resistant, machine (or dishwasher) washable, and biodegradable—plus they look way cuter sitting on your countertop.



Snack Bags Made by Meag facebook.com/ madebymeagbags The average family goes through about 500 plastic snack bags a year—that’s a lot for a landfill to handle. Besides, these snack pouches, featuring your favourite superheroes, are way more fun than plastic.


Outdoor Composter

Cloth Diapers Teddy Cub teddycub.com Although cloth diapering might seem intimidating, there are tonnes of benefits to ditching the disposables—not only are cloth diapers more cost effective, but they are kinder to the environment. Plus, they come in adorable designs like this alien print— perfect for all the stylish babies in the house.

$7.85 each

The DivaCup Kelly's Nutrition Centre 820 Red River Road Each year, 12 billion pads and 7 million tampons are dumped into the North American environment. But a menstrual cup like the Canadian-made DivaCup will last a woman up to five years and is made of biodegradable silicone, making it a truly green alternative to conventional feminine hygiene products.



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EcoSuperior 562 Red River Road What could be a more beautiful full circle than reusing your food waste to help you grow more food? With these Earth Machine outdoor composters, available at a subsidized cost from EcoSuperior, you can create an all-natural fertilizer for your lawn and garden while also reducing your curbside trash by almost 30%.


51st Annual Arrowhead

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McChristie’s Handcrafted Soaps Story by Andrea Stach, Photo by Marty Mascarin


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“How To” Seminars presented daily. While at the Arrowhead Home & Builders Show stay at the Holiday Inn Downtown, Radisson Hotel or Pier B Resort. Sponsored by Arrowhead Builders Association

veryone knows that if you want something done, you should ask a busy person. Sharron McChristie, owner and creator of McChristie’s Handcrafted Soaps, is the definition of that. Her journey began six years ago when McChristie, a full time working mom of two young boys, struggled to find a natural soap that would be gentle on her sons’ skin. To ensure that she knew what was in the products she was using, she decided to do some research and make them herself. Her soaps helped with her son’s eczema and she then started making them for family and friends. With lots of support and positive feedback, and with the drive and creativity of an artist, McChristie’s Handcrafted Soaps was born. Jump ahead six years, and McChristie has now created more than 25 different soaps. All of them stem from a base composed of a mixture of olive, coconut, sunflower, and canola oils with many soaps having cocoa and shea butter to add moisturizing properties. Top sellers include Oatmeal, Honey and Almond, Charcoal Tea Tree, and Lavender (excellent for acne prone skin), and Beer Soap, which contains Guinness, citrus, and cocoa. Essential oils are used to add subtle scents to some of the soaps but McChristie guarantees that no

additives are used to make her products. With the soaps being so popular, McChristie decided to extend her product line and has now created whipped body butter, which is a fantastic moisturizer for all skin types. Free of preservatives, whipped body butter comes in five different scents and also fragrance-free. Lastly, there are the bath bombs and bomb crush, which turn any ordinary bath into a day at the spa. The soaps all come in bars that are hand-cut and wrapped in gorgeous paper, making them a wonderful gift (even for yourself). “The more I got into creating my products, the more I wanted them to look beautiful,” McChristie says. McChristie began selling her soaps at local craft shows and out of her house but was thrilled to join the Thunder Bay Country Market this past November, which has been a very positive experience. Happy to discuss her knowledge of her products with her customers face to face, she will also create custom orders and is interested in participating in fundraising initiatives with local groups. Find McChristie’s Handcrafted Soaps at the Thunder Bay Country Market every Wednesday and Saturday or follow them on Facebook. The Walleye



Bucket List

orchestra in. Faster, faster, the music builds until it comes to a smashing halt. Once the orchestra is satisfied with Carnival, Malouf brings them back to the triceratops section. He introduces me and I take the baton from him. “You know four-four time?” He asks. Um, no. “How about two-four time?” Also negative. He pauses then holds my hand up. “We’ll start together.” He begins moving my hand and the orchestra starts up. I assume they’re playing the right section. Malouf whispers advice. “Stop bouncing your knees. Stop banging your head.” The music whirls while my hand carves the air. I realize I’m on my own. “Big movement,” he tells me over the cacophony. “Big finale!” I flail my arms and bring forth the crescendo.

Conducting the TBSO Story by Justin Allec, Photos by Patrick Chondon


watch Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra conductor-in-residence JeanMichel Malouf approach the riser. Flipping sheet music to the desired page, he raises his baton, and asks the orchestra, “Are we ready to roar?” I’m at Grassroots Church attending a TBSO practice of Canadian composer Dean Burry’s Carnival of the Dinosaurs. I’m here because, astonishingly, I’m supposed to have an opportunity to conduct the orchestra. Despite my complete lack of musical ability and gravitation towards heavy metal, I’m all over the idea of playing maestro. Malouf, who started his career as a trombonist before graduating

from the Montreal Conservatoire in 2004 with his conducting degree, has an idea of how to fit me in. For now, though, I simply watch the orchestra work. The atmosphere is casual but also serious. As this is the only full rehearsal before tomorrow’s family concert, the musicians arrive prepared. Carnival has twelve sections, each about a different dinosaur, with narration in-between. Malouf runs the orchestra through each section to decide what adjustments are necessary get the sound he wants. “They’re all professionals, they all have their ideas,” he tells me. “Part of my job is making sure that we all have the same interpretation.”

For this presentation, Malouf figures that he spends about an hour in preparation for each minute of music. Everyone’s investment in the performance means that the practice goes easily: “It helps that this is a well-written piece, so there’s not a lot of altering that we have to do,” Malouf adds.

I’m exhilarated, even more so when Malouf asks if I want to do it again. This time I’m on my

own. I swing the baton, and… nothing. I try again. Some of the musicians are looking confused. “Just give them one signal to start,” Malouf gently counsels. Decisively I move the baton and this time conjure forth some notes. I manage to hold time for a moment before Malouf encourages me, faster, faster. I have no idea if the orchestra is watching me but it wouldn’t make a difference. There are layers of noise, a quake of sound, a cretaceous charge of triumph. I’m living in the middle of it. All too soon Malouf is telling me it’s time to cue the crescendo. I go for maximum dramatics, raise my arms, and tear down the heavens. Slightly shaking, I hand Malouf his baton back. I applaud the musicians for their patience and their professionalism. My experience hasn’t given me the skills or knowledge to conduct an orchestra, but I do understand the thrill.

Apparently I will be helping with the triceratops’ section, which Malouf chose for me because “it starts slow but then speeds up, like a train.” Excellent—I won’t have to actually keep time. Even so, I pay close attention to his actions. A three-horn blast introduces the dinosaur, and then Malouf waves his hands to draw the rest of the



Come and Visit with the Easter Bunny April 1st, 8th & 15th from 11am-3pm

Check out our Facebook page or website for all April events.

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Open 7 days a w ee k for lunch



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This is Thunder Bay

This month we asked you: What can we do to be more environmentally responsible? Interviews by Nancy Saunders, Photos by Laura Paxton

Barbara The three Rs.

Jim - Don’t put any waste in the water; in the lake or the rivers or anything like that.

Beautify your property and help manage stormwater by creating a Rain Garden in your yard and earn up to $500 in rebates! To be eligible for this program you must:   Funded by

Jill - I’m definitely aware of no-idling zones. Turn your vehicles off. No-idling zones are big for me. And recycling. !

Have a current City of Thunder Bay water account Attend a Rain Garden Workshop Meet requirements as explained at the workshop


Thursday April 27, 7-9 pm Please pre-register at 624-2140 or visit www.ecosuperior.org

ecosuperior.org | 807 624 2140 562 Red River Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 1H3

Nicole - We live outside of the city but we do our best to farm, growing our own vegetables. We have chickens and bees. I don’t have to run into town if I need something, I can just go out to the garden in the summer, or into our canning storage! The Walleye




World’s Largest One-Day Leadership Conference Broadcast in TBay By Pat Forrest


eadercast is the world’s largest one-day leadership conference, broadcast live from Atlanta and simulcast to hundreds of locations around the world. This year marks the 17th year of the annual leadership conference and the first year that the event will be hosted in Thunder Bay. Leadercast, presented by TBayTel, will take place on May 5 at the Victoria Inn. The event is coordinated by Leadership Thunder Bay and the Thunder Bay Chamber of Commerce. The theme of this year’s conference is “Powered by Purpose,” based on the idea that purpose is what

defines us, drives us, and empowers us. For example, companies that have the purpose of improving people’s lives at the centre of all they do outperform others by 400%. Purpose is the glue for an organization and the fuel for an individual. Leadership Thunder Bay president Matthew Villella says that the concept of purpose empowering us appealed to him and his colleagues. “The idea of being fueled by purpose really spoke to us when we were considering hosting the event. We are excited about the potential that Leadercast has to help all of us become more successful in our personal

and professional lives.” The conference will allow attendees to discover the steps they can take to uncover their purpose, to reconnect to their organization’s “why,” to engage the right people for their efforts, and to thrive as a team. Key speakers— with purpose-driven leadership—will inspire the over 100,000 people who will attend the event live in Atlanta or at hundreds of other simulcast locations in more than 20 countries. For more information and to purchase tickets to the Leadercast Thunder Bay event, visit: event.leadercast.com/ location/thunderbay

Keynote speakers Daniel Pink - Behavioral Science Expert, Best-Selling Author, Host of Crowd Control Molly Fletcher - Former Top Sports Agent and Author Andy Stanley - Leadership Author, Communicator Suzy Welch - Author, TV Commentator, Business Journalist

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Conscious Fashionability Brands That Offer Both (Uncompromised) Style and (Transparent) Substance By Lyle Morissette


n a world where cheap, disposable garments and fickle fashion trends reign supreme, for many the idea of exquisitely crafted, sustainably sourced, ethically manufactured clothing is an optimistic pipe-dream at best. Perhaps it’s because we crave the instant gratification that fastfashion provides, or perhaps it’s because sustainable fashion has become a niche industry seen as inaccessible to many of us. Either way, too often we have become numb to the fact that there is an underlying price to pay for those $20 jeans, and economical, social, and environmental repercussions to the convenience and

affordability of fast-fashion. But quality clothing that is fashionable, affordable, and sustainable does exist. A few notable brands have made great strides in regards to operational transparency and green-friendly production, including Swedish juggernaut H&M (in spite of any fast-fashion connotations) as well as denim masters Nudie Jeans, outdoor specialists Patagonia, British heritage retailer Marks & Spencer, Italian luxury (cashmere) kingpin Brunello Cucinelli, and Thunder Bay's very own upstart Ungalli. But my pick of the litter? Everlane,

a pioneering force in stylish sustainability, conscious fashionability, and “radical transparency." Founded on a less-is-more philosophy and available for purchase solely online, their collection of yearround and seasonal casual and leisurewear staples are not only trend-proof but universally appealing in their ease of wear. Moreover, by producing as well as manufacturing their clothing using the same factories and raw natural materials (i.e. pure cashmere, silk, and merino wool) as many renowned luxury brands, they have effectively proven that sustainable fashion that looks good, is produced ethically, and that arrives in a luxuriously crafted package at a fraction of the cost of

traditional retail is a reality. Below you will find six of my favourite picks from Everlane, from a plush and rich (100% Mongolian) cashmere sweater to a utilitarian (sub-$100) anorak that could be leaned upon to function as a minimalist, completely manageable, stress-free, and versatile off-duty wardrobe capsule for this spring (that you can add to/subtract from as you see fit). Looking, doing, and feeling good (without compromising your style nor the integrity of the environment) has truly never been easier, nor has style ever been as fashionably sustainable or sustainability fashionable. Here’s to living (and dressing) responsibly! The Walleye


CityScene - Kenora


hen you pick up Reilly Scott’s debut album this fall, you’ll be picking up a little piece of her heart with it. Beautiful Unfolding, currently being recorded in Scott’s hometown of Kenora, documents a difficult time in Scott’s life where she took a leap of faith to become an artist. “Beautiful Unfolding was a title that came at an extremely painful time in my life,” she says. “But in that pain, there was also beauty.” Scott has always been musically inclined—some of her earliest memories involve a Kindermusik program at four years old—but she became aware of her dream of becoming a singer/songwriter latently. “If you want to realize your authentic self, go back to what gave you joy when you were a kid,” she says. “For me, it was singing and playing music.” She went through a number of professional experiences before settling on music: she graduated university, taught English overseas, tried teacher’s college, and wound up in Sioux Lookout doing arts and culture coordination. Scott discovered she didn’t only want to coordinate arts and culture—she wanted to dive right in. “One of the best things that happened [in Sioux Lookout] was meeting people who performed music for its own sake,” Scott says. “I thought that to be an artist, you had to perform at a certain level, to be perfect. But my friends there taught me to be comfortable making mistakes, and that if you’re happy putting yourself out there, that’s beautiful.”

Beautiful Unfolding

Being a musician in Northwestern Ontario has shaped Scott’s passion for northern arts and living, a theme that is prevalent in her songwriting. “The north can seem very isolating because it’s so vast. But living and performing here is the most fulfilling, vibrant experience of my life. Entire communities root for you

Kenora Singer/Songwriter Reilly Scott Records Debut Album By Kirsti Salmi

because they’ve gotten to know you personally.” She isn’t exaggerating: her music has become wildly popular at home. Crowds pack her performances, and she recently blew past a crowd-sourced fundraising goal to record Beautiful Unfolding. Scott started writing Beautiful Unfolding to cope with depression and deep uncertainty about her life path. She turned down a full-time arts coordinator job offer on a gut instinct that she was meant to pursue music. Upon moving back to Kenora, local musician Rich Pernsky approached her to record and produce her songs, and Matt Kennedy of Upriver Media offered to make music videos for soaring ballads “North Sky” and “Relief.” The project has expanded to a 10-track EP to be released this fall. In the past year, Scott has performed at the Trout Forest Music Festival and led music workshops at the Labrador Creative Arts Festival. “I stopped trying to force my life, and just let it unfold,” Scott says. “Their confidence gave me the push I needed. Trusting my instinct and letting go paid off.” Though many of her songs on Beautiful Unfolding deal with tough times, Scott believes her message is ultimately an optimistic one. “I’m passionate about music and the arts as a tool to connect with others and express yourself on difficult subjects,” she says. “If one person speaks up and says ‘I went through this, I know how you feel,’ it makes it easier for others to come forward and cope. Like everybody else, tough times are part of my journey, and I want to honour that.” Reilly Scott’s debut album Beautiful Unfolding will be released September 2017 via Indie Pool. Videos for “North Sky” and “Relief ” can be found at youtube. com. For more information on Reilly Scott, visit reillyscott.com.




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Half sport. Half leisure. All family.

Coming soon VW’s all-new, 7 passenger SUV. The 2018 Atlas. Go big. And then go home. With the all-new 7-passenger Atlas, we thought bigger than we ever thought before. So feel free to load it up. It’s already packed with some of our biggest ideas. Downtown Volkswagen 591 Central Avenue, Thunder Bay, 807-344-9700, www.downtownvw.com * “Volkswagen” and the Volkswagen logo are registered trademarks of Volkswagen AG. “Atlas” is a trademark of Volkswagen AG. © 2017 Volkswagen Canada.






DontBeTrashy.ca #NotTrashyTbay




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Weather species. Warmer temperatures lower that barrier. The warming waters in the Great Lakes may lead to problems like toxic algae blooms that make water undrinkable and contribute to declines in fish populations. "If air temperatures continue to increase and this influences water supply and water quality, that has a huge implication for humans as we need fresh water to survive," says Sapna Sharma, a researcher at Toronto's York University who was one of the lead authors of the study. Lakes are increasingly ice-free earlier and for longer periods during the year.

Weather Eye

A large pot of water on a stove takes longer to heat than a smaller one. However, the relatively rapid warming of Lakes Superior and Huron and the other Great Lakes confounds this intuition.

Lake Superior is Changing By Graham Saunders


or the second winter in a row, ice coverage on Lake Superior was minimal. Last year the average temperature of Lake Superior reached a near record high of 20°C in mid-August (21 to 24°C in some bays and beaches). Surface water temperatures declined gradually through the fall and winter season to around 2°C through January and February and ice formation was confined to bays and harbours within artificial breakwater construction. The winter months (December, January, and February) featured occasional


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cold periods but warm weeks dominated—all months were warmer than average. This recent winter was consistent with the findings of a study that found that lakes in Canada are among the fastest-warming in the world. Lake Superior is the second-fastest warming lake studied, behind Lake Fracksjon, a small water body in Sweden. The study of satellite temperature data and ground measurements of 235 lakes on six continents found that lakes are warming at an average of 0.3°C per decade, more than the warming rate of either oceans

or the atmosphere. The rates of warming tend to be stronger in mid-to-high latitudes than in the tropics. Lake Superior is warming at 1.2°C per decade, much faster than the global increases and surrounding land areas. Lake Huron is also warming, at 0.9°C per decade and the other Great Lakes are also warming very rapidly in comparison to the global average. One might think that the rate of warming of large and deep Great Lakes (the depth of Lake Erie might be an exception—it is relatively shallow) would be less than smaller lakes.

Lake Superior’s rate of warming (four times the global average) may be partly explained by presence of ice—or the lack thereof. Extensive ice coverage in winter and early spring results in heat from solar radiation being reflected back into space. The trend of less ice coverage means more solar heat is absorbed in winter and spring months. As a result, Superior is warmer in the winter and spring and, because melting of vast areas of ice is not necessary, a warmer lake results later in the year. The cold temperatures of Lake Superior (some would say “frigid”) in the past have provided a barrier for many invasive

In March, the Trump administration announced drastic cuts to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that would reduce funding and research to the amounts it received when it was founded, oddly enough by Richard Nixon in 1970. EPA initiatives included toxic dump cleanups next to the Great Lakes as well as the Clean Air Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, and other programs that addressed the growing complexity of dealing with pollution from pesticides, dioxins, and other chemicals. The EPA Great Lakes budget of $300 million has been decimated by Trump and is now proposed to be $10 million. Funding cuts and reduced environmental regulation when the Great Lakes (and smaller lakes) are dramatically warming opens the floodgates to invasive species like Asian carp and invites declines in water quality. The Great Lakes currently still have pollution problems but are much less sick than they were in the past. The Trump salvoes on science and science-based decisions will have grave consequences throughout North America. Hopefully, Ontario and Quebec will prompt and join the American states that border on the Great Lakes and dispute these bizarre decisions by the American president.

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For details of classes please refer to our website - www.threadsntimeweaving.com and/or our Facebook page - Threads in Time


You don't need to be a shepherd to get wool, come on in and see for yourself

426 E. Victoria Ave. / 626-9023 www.threadsntimeweaving.com

Arley Hughes On Her Own By Kat Lyzun


usic is at the very core of local singer-songwriter Arley Hughes. Her rich, soulful voice led her to major in classical voice at Lakehead University, become a music teacher, and establish herself on the blues scene as a singer with the band Loose Cannon. Now, after years of teaching others how to find their voice and embrace their musical soul, she’s taking a huge leap of faith and branching out on her own. “I taught music for many years, and writing music was always kind of on the sidelines, a side project,” she says. “Then last November I kind of took a look inside and was like ‘what am I doing?’ I realized it was time to strip [everything] away and focus on this one thing that’s been my heart call for a really long time.”


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Over the following months Hughes stopped teaching, left her band, and put together a solo album. Aptly titled Parts of Me, it brings together songs from her past with songs from the present. She gives great credit to Ian McLeod of Backlanes Audio for being willing to create with her and holding the integrity of her music, allowing it to move and grow. Hughes describes her sound as indiefolk with a soul-roots feel, and on the album it flows between mellow folk and heavier blues. “You’ll hear parts that feel a little darker, a little more pressured, and then you’ll hear these brighter songs that come through—almost walking a path from dark to light,” she says. Hughes adds that she has a “blues heart” and counts powerhouses like Etta

James, Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, and Susan Tedeschi as musical influences. She hopes to release a blues album this year and compete in the next International Blues Competition as a solo artist. In 2014 Hughes was singing with Loose Cannon when they won the Thunder Bay Blues Society’s International Blues Challenge and went on to compete in Memphis. But first, Hughes will head out on the road with her instruments and a truckload of chairs for her first-ever house tour, which will have her playing in small, intimate venues and homes from here to the west coast. It all begins with the launch party for Parts of Me, which will be on May 6 at the Branch 5 Legion. Tickets are $5. Doors open at 8 pm.

132 Cumming St. Thunder Bay

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BATTERIES DEAD? Recycle Instead! 8, 2017 ION APRIL 18-2 COLLECT

Thunder Bay residents that received a battery recycling bag in the mail are invited to participate in a curbside collection of used single-use household batteries on their regular recycling collection day during the week highlighted below. Round up your single-use batteries, including AAA, AA, C, D, 9 volt and button cells. Place your batteries in the orange bag and seal it using the zip tab. On your recycling collection day that falls between APRIL 18-28, set the sealed bag out at the curb. Residents who miss the collection date, or those living in apartments are encouraged to visit the website for a battery recycling location near you.

For more information, please visit: thunderbay.ca/batteries ™


A F T E R W O R K . L AT E N I G H T.

ALWAYS A GOOD CELEBRATION Our Cocktail Hour menu is available daily and includes Keg favourites starting at $5. See you tonight.

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A Bittersweet Goodbye

TBSO Music Director Arthur Post Prepares to Step Down By Kris Ketonen


ow is Arthur Post describing the 2016/2017 Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra season? With one word: “bittersweet.” This season is the final one for Post, who’s been TBSO music director for seven years. He’ll conduct his final TBSO performance on April 29.

with pride. Among the highlights was an expanded repertoire, with the TBSO performing pieces that were written for larger orchestras (the TBSO has 30 musicians, Post says, but has branched out to perform works intended for orchestras with 70 or more players).

“I need to honour it,” Post says of his final concert. “Both for me, and for the audience. You have to confront the occasion, and the fact that you’re leaving, what it means and what it’s been.”

“We haven’t used that many musicians, but we’ve been able to play that repertoire with a few adjustments,” Post says. Another highlight, he says, was performing—and even commissioning—more music by Canadian composers. Post also cites the modernizing of the TBSO’s image as a point of pride. That’s important, he says, as it’s a facet of a major challenge faced by

And while it’s evident Post is looking forward to the next phase of his career, he does look back on his years with the TBSO

symphonies everywhere—attracting a new, younger audience. The answer, Post says, is complicated, involving such things as which pieces are programmed, and how information is provided to patrons who may not be familiar with the music itself. “[New audiences] probably know what Mozart sounds like, they’ve heard Beethoven before,” Post says. “But there’s a lot of music, they just don’t know what it is, they don’t know what to expect…if we can’t communicate to them something about what they’re going to hear, we’re not

going to get their ticket purchase.” As for Post’s life after the TBSO, he’ll be focusing his professional attention on Europe, where he’ll be closer to his family, who live in Barcelona. “It’s been a wonderful, intense period of work,” he says of his time in Thunder Bay. But, he adds, “it’s a stress, logistically” to travel between Spain and northern Ontario with such regularity. “I’ve done a lot of what I set out to do,” he says. “We really have achieved a lot, and there are young conductors who can bring new energy to the orchestra.”

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hunder Bay’s A New Machine play metal that gives you the same cuddly feelings as having anesthesia wear off during surgery. Last year’s debut album Trve Northern Scvmdogs aptly demonstrated their ability to graph bottom-feeding sludge riffs and spewed vocals to a hellish stomp ‘n roll. Supporting the sound is an aesthetic influenced by “horror movies, human ignorance, and the 9–5 death traps,” a spectacle of grade-F slasher movie degeneracy. Starting as a five-piece in 2009, ANM released a few demos before the lineup eventually scaled back to the current trio of Ryan Eaton (guitars), Collin Scali (bass/vocals), and Devon Odette (drums). On April 15, ANM will release the five-song EP Occupational Depression and headline a show at Black Pirates Pub to celebrate. They haven’t really rested since the release of Scvmdogs. “Honestly, it’s not hard to come up with the concepts we write about when you’re constantly surrounded by a society such as ours,” Scali says, also listing economic turmoil and


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expanding families as motivators to writing more material. They’ve also benefitted from playing live more often. “Our albums and live shows are separate entities when it comes to channeling our emotions,” Scali says. “The former are very controlled and focused, the latter absolute chaos. Both things come naturally to us.” ANM also cite some of the unregulated backyard and basement shows they’ve played over the years as boosting their brand of loathsome lunacy. Initial listens to some new songs show that ANM are pushing themselves. The dripping sludge riffs are still prominent but there’s also a trembling black metal edge. An increase in melody gives the songs greater cohesion. Tie it all together with some ugly ruminations on the human condition and you have a very capable, thoroughly unpleasant EP that promises anarchy in a live setting. Anytime you want to drop out, bring some cheap beer to the basement; ANM will meet you there.


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Burnin to the Sky

The Power Duo By Gord Ellis


he power of a duo is something that cannot be denied. Whether it be Batman and Robin, Rocky and Bullwinkle, or Sonny and Cher, a duo that is truly in sync—in whatever way that may be—can take on the world. In music, duos have been a thing for a long time. But it seems in more recent times, the duo format has become a leader in musical taste. Here are three duos that have made some waves in modern music.

The White Stripes

The Black Keys

21 Pilots

The White Stripes came on the scene with both a full-blown mythology, and a well-thought-out visual look. Initially billed as a brother and sister act, it later became clear that Jack and Meg White, were—or had been—husband and wife. The duo seemed to not be a domestic pair by the time they really hit their stride with White Blood Cells and Elephant, yet that mystery was just part of their energy. Meg White was a minimalist drummer, yet she was the perfect counterpoint to Jack White's unbridled virtuosity on guitar. As a band, the two musicians could raise the roof, as they did in Thunder Bay at the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium in 2007, on what would be one of their last tours. The White Stripes musical power was nearly matched by the visual impact of the red, black, and white motif they used for everything from their CDs to their staging to their clothes. Listen to “Seven Nation Army,” “Blue Orchid,” or “Icky Thump” and hear the sound of two people hurtling both at each other and away from each other at the same time. Although the White Stripes broke up in 2011 after a long hiatus, they have left an indelible mark.

The blues duo has a long, colourful history and includes acts like Buddy Guy and Junior Wells, and Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee. However, none of those blues acts kicked out the jams quite like the Black Keys do. Guitarist and singer Dan Auerbach and drummer Patrick Carney formed in Akron Ohio, in 2001, and quickly made a name for themselves playing clubs and pumping out independent releases. The Black Keys is a blues-based band, but the oily, fuzzed-out guitar and cracking drums owe as much to Black Sabbath as Howlin' Wolf. Amped up blues-based music is hardly new, but the Black Keys somehow make it all sound very modern. Oddly enough, the band also found that marketers like their music as well, and after initial hesitation, they have licensed many songs for ads and use in movies and television. Although not quite as visually enchanting as the White Stripes, the Black Keys have certainly had an impact on not only modern pop radio but a legion of young guitar players and drummers who have discovered the blues through the band. These days, the band rarely perform live as duo, adding a couple extra hands to mimic their present studio sound. However, the Black Keys will always be popularly known as a power duo. Check out the hits "Tighten Up," "Howlin' For You," and "Lonely Boy."

The newest addition to the musical power duo pantheon are the pop-rock phenomenon known as 21 Pilots. The band, another spawn of Ohio, is lead by multi-instrumentalist and singer Tyler Joseph and drummer Josh Dun. The band formed in 2009, and was originally a traditional four-piece. However, in short order 21 Pilots became a duo and have remained so. The band has a reggae edge that reminds me of early Police, yet they also incorporate hip hop, electronic dance, and modern rock in their songs with a unique flair. Their fans term it schizoid pop yet they are one of the very few modern groups on the charts that could be billed with traditional rock acts. In a live setting, 21 Pilots have set aside a lot of the "rules" and the duo relies heavily on backing tracks. That said, they sing live and play drums, bass, guitar, and everything else depending on the song and needs of the performance. The band members often wear unusual masks and costumes on stage. On top of that, drummer Dun is a serious badass. When they set up Dun's drum kit on a platform and then have the audience hold him—and his kit—up with their hands, he looks genuinely excited about kicking some ass. I'm fascinated by 21 Pilots, and love the dynamic between the musicians and the great songcraft and performance art that's at work. Do yourself a favour and check out "Ride," "Stressed Out," and "Heathens." The Walleye


Music your set’s going to go over well at the festival. CL: We’re a blue-collar band. Great with drinkers! TW: You mine coming-of-age stories on Work and Love. Leaving childhood behind, becoming an adult, paying taxes, politics, all that stuff. You guys are all fathers now. Were you hoping it’d be something of a love letter to guide your kids as they grow up? CL: That’s a cool way of looking at it, yeah. It’s that whole thing—don’t grow up too fast. There’s a lot of nostalgia there. I had this awesome childhood, I’d go out at 9 am and not come back till it was dark; I don’t know if that exists for kids anymore. Normally as a band we don’t write very personally; we try to stick to third person story-telling songs. On this one we thought it would be cool to look back a bit.


Casey Laforet of Elliott Brood By Kirsti Salmi


eath country, frontier rock, revival music, call them what you want—Toronto’s Elliott Brood is one of the most beloved live acts to come through Thunder Bay, and they’re bringing their raucous, stomping brand of folk music back to town April 20. The Walleye caught up with the band on the road to Sudbury, chatting with band member Casey Laforet about craft brew, getaway songs, and the first scoop on their new album. The Walleye: You guys are kicking off the Work and Love Tour at the Northern Ontario Microbrew Festival in Sudbury.


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Have you got a favourite craft beer? We’re fans of Sleeping Giant. Casey Laforet: Our buddy in Hamilton has started Clifford Brewing Company, and we’re all big fans of Clifford Porter. I think he’s won gold medals for it already. Most craft brews are I.P.A types, and that’s probably the type of beer the band likes least, so the porter is one of our favs. It’s a coffee porter—I guess that makes it a breakfast beer! Just kidding. It’ll be pretty fun to try different northern Ontario beers at this festival, though. TW: You guys are known for your raucous performances—something tells me

two weeks, often over late nights. That’s pretty immersive. Have you got any anecdotes from the recording sessions? CL: All of the really cool stuff happened at night. We had a steady supply of red wine so all the creative things happened between one and four in the morning. Neil Young used to do it like that—keep all his band members in the studio til they were just tired enough that magic occurred. We lived there the whole time, it was like a music clubhouse. No stress. Middle of winter, right on Lake Ontario. It was great. TW: What’s the strangest thing a fan’s thrown onto the stage?

CL: We had one bra way back in the day, and a firecracker in Vancouver. But the best one was a letter. This girl and her graduating class painted the lyrics to one of our songs under a bridge in Canmore, Alberta. She sent a picture of it explaining how they’d bonded over the lyrics. It TW: The North Shore drive to TBay is a came at a kind of a low time in my life, long one. What’s on your Trans Canada so it was really encouraging. I keep it playlist? my house. From January toframed May,in you CL: Our favs are always The Sadies, NQ TW: Here comes the groaner question: can a cool prize simply Arbuckle, The Wooden Sky.win But recently what’s next by attending one of ourfor Elliott Brood? we’ve switched to podcasts and comedy. Right now we’reTop into Serial, Fivethis events.CL: Actually, we just finished our next rewhodunnit murder mystery, and the cord; it’ll be out in autumn. We finished Hardcore History. mastering the first single yesterday—it’s called “The Fall,” and it’s going to appear TW: Let’s say the OPP tries to pull you in an episode of CBC’s Bellevue. The alover. What’s your getaway song? bum’s called Ghost Garden. We’re debutCL: Oh man, good question! Probably ing some songs on this tour. You guys are “Northumberland West,” by The Sadies. the the first to hear all that! Or “Take the Money and Run,” byFor Stevemore details TW: Any fun pre-show rituals? Miller Band. But truthfully, we’re an old thewalleye.ca visit enough band that we’d probably be able CL: Mostly we just have a drink beforeto reason with them. Like look, we’re hand and wish each other luck. We’ve got older than you, there’s no cocaine in this good friends in Thunder Bay, it tends to car, nothing to see here. get a bit rowdy. The pre-show ritual there is just making sure we get on stage! We TW: You recorded Work and Love at the have a lot of fun in Thunder Bay. Tragically Hip’s Bathhouse Studios over

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9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. West Arthur Community Centre Must register for event at 684-3471 For more information please call 684-3066 www.thunderbay.ca/55plus 700 River Street - 1914 W. Arthur St

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TBShows.com presents ON THE SCENE

Chad Kirvan

All-Ages Welcome

By Jimmy Wiggins y very first local all-ages show was at a small venue near Victoriaville when I was about 15. The lineup was all metal and punk bands—two genres I never had much interest in, but some friends had invited me so I went. Up until this show I had little experience with live music and really only knew about bands that I saw on TV or heard on the radio. I had never been to a local show and like a lot of misguided young people, thought that if it wasn’t on TV or the radio it wasn’t worth my time. How wrong I was.

of my hometown. Over time my musical tastes grew and I found myself at punk, metal, rock, and ska shows nearly every week. I met a lot of local musicians and started several bands over the years, playing gigs all around town. At some point it hit me that being a fan or in a band wasn’t enough. I felt that I had to contribute more the scene. I eventually started booking bands and putting on my own shows and I’ve been doing it full-time ever since. Today, I’m lucky enough to get a sneak peek into the next generation of TBay bands, many of which I have no doubt will dominate the bar scene when they hit 19.

When I walked into the venue my whole world changed. I was introduced to the Thunder Bay music scene and I was instantly drawn in. The people were genuine and welcoming and I made several friends that night, most of whom I still see regularly to this day. The bands that played that night blew me away. They weren’t on the radio but they were playing songs that were far more interesting. The best part was that I could go up and talk to them as opposed to just reading about them.

All-ages shows are a fundamental part of the success and longevity of any music scene. These shows give like-minded young people a meeting place to socialize, and express themselves, and they introduce them to things they couldn’t fully experience anywhere else. They also give young bands a little taste of stardom as they get to perform outside of their basement or high school talent show in a real venue in front of friends, family, and people who are actually interested in what they’ve written.

I started going to shows regularly and wanted to see every local band this city had to offer, regardless of genre. I was amazed at the talent that was coming out

For more info on all-ages events visit TBshows.com or facebook.com/groups/ TBShowsAllAges.


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Win cool prizes with the Walleye’s Top Five in 5 Challenge! From January to May, you can win a cool prize simply by attending one of our Top Five events. To be entered in the monthly draw, we’ll need proof that you attended an event: post a photo, video, or comment on our Facebook page or tag us in your post on Twitter or Instagram. If you prefer to keep your social life private, send us a direct message through social media or email us at info@thewalleye.ca. Winners will be announced on our website on the last day of each month. For more details visit thewalleye.ca/the-top-five-in-5.


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The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer Vancouver Duo to Bring Gritty Blues to Crocks Stage By Melanie Larson


ince their last stop in Thunder Bay at the 2015 Blues Fest, Vancouver based duo The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer have garnered considerable hype along the festival circuit for putting on a ruthlessly energetic show. Judging from the sheer ferocity of their latest album, Apocalipstick, Thunder Bay audiences should believe the hype and prepare accordingly for when The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer take the Crocks stage on April 8.

of their 2014 Juno-nominated album A Real Fine Mess, but they’re back with their fifth album Apocalipstick. Although vocalist Shawn Hall explains that the album-making process began “well before Trump occupied the collective public consciousness of North Americans,” it appears Apocalipstick is meant to serve as the soundtrack to humanity’s last hurrah in a world many believe to be spiralling toward doomsday. What better way to go out than with the bang of hard-hitting blues?

In 2006, Shawn “The Harpoonist” Hall and Matthew “The Axe Murderer” Rogers embarked on a lengthy musical journey—one that has seen them go from two acquaintances bonding over music while working on a radio jingle to two critically acclaimed musicians. It’s been three years since the release

Aside from the desire to bring about positivity in times of impending doom, Hall and Rogers drawn inspiration from many of their musical peers. “We’ve really grown fond of a number of Canadian bands over the last many years,” says Hall, naming Deep Dark Woods and Chic Gamine as a few of their

influences. “We wanted to bring them as family to share the experience of singing together and charting new territory to build a bigger, more inclusive sound than just the two of us had done previously.” To achieve that inclusive sound, the duo has enriched their performances by bringing more musicians into the mix including Whitehorse

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drummer Patty Hamilton and opener Ryan McNally, a traditional blues and jazz musician who hails from Quebec. It’s been established that local concertgoers can look forward to an electrifying show, but what else can they expect? Hall assures they’ve “thickened the stew with double drums, more harmonies, more lasers, and a shit tonne

more grease to make a Volvo slide.” Above all, The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer want to ensure audiences are “prepared for some gut-satisfying countrified soul immersed in a minefield of heartache and chaos.” The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer will be performing at Crocks on April 7.


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Out of their Comfort Zone

Sleep Science Head Embark on First Cross-Canada Tour By Kris Ketonen


he members of Vancouver three-piece Sleep Science are determined to get as far out of their comfort zone as possible. The progressive rockers are embarking on their first-ever Canadian tour, a trip that will bring them all the way to Montreal and back to the west coast. A big step for a band, to be sure. But that’s the point. “We love playing here [in Vancouver],” says Taylor Nichol, who handles vocals and guitar for Sleep Science. “We love playing

to our fans here, and our friends and our family and all that, but … getting out of our comfort zone, that’s when we’re kind of in our element. That’s when we’re ‘okay, everything’s on the table, we’re going to show you guys what you’ve got.’” Why, then, did Sleep Science wait so long to embark on their first big, comfort-zone-leaving tour? They’ve been performing for about five years, after all. Nichol says it all comes down to timing, and ensuring the proper

finances and opportunities were in place before hitting the road. “It’s a bit of a grind being a band nowadays,” he says. “A lot of bands are DIY now.” And while the tour is the focus at the moment, the guys in Sleep Science (the band also includes Dan Lomonaco on bass and Alexander Moscrip on drums) are also planning a return to the studio. So far, the band has a sixtrack EP, titled Avoiding the

Cure, which was released in 2014. That was followed-up in March 2016 with a single, “Tears for the Money.” Now, the band is aiming to record another EP this summer, Nichol says, and more touring is also in the cards. “We’re already looking into possibly touring the U.S.,” he says. “Of course, we’ll probably end up going across (Canada) again before the New Year. We’ve got a lot of stuff planned—we’re really excited.” In the meantime, Thunder

Bay fans will get a chance to see Sleep Science live at The Foundry on April 26. Nichol promises “an experience” for audience members. “Because we’re a three-piece, we’ve really gotta be tight, we’ve gotta be full, we’ve gotta keep people interested,” he says. “It’ll be like a roller coaster in a sense, in terms of time signatures, melodies, sounds that we create—a little bit of everything. I think it’s a very all-around good set.” For more information visit sleepscienceband.com

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Music weren’t sure what to make of Wilson’s comment that the band had reached the point in the tour when everyone “hides their belts from me.” They laughed. He quipped, “Ha, ha. Thunder Bay.” The talents of Gary Craig (drums) and John Dymond (bass) rounded out the performance which looked as good as it sounded with the band decked out in matching but one-of-a-kind embroidered black jackets. The stage was decorated with a simple black backdrop with the words “This Band Kills Hate” referring to the band’s philanthropic work with

Kings of Canadian Roots Rock

Care Canada. The audience was tame, especially for Crocks, which led the band to comment that this was the first stop on the tour where nobody danced. This coaxed a few people out of their seats for the encore—a cover of The Band’s “Remedy.” Hopefully, the band did not misinterpret politeness for a lack of appreciation— anyone in attendance would agree they put on a stellar performance. But I, for one, left insatiated. It was no fault of the band...it’s just that their music and live act are that good.

Blackie and the Rodeo Kings Return Story by Michelle McChristie, Photos by Darren McChristie


s Stephen Fearing says, one of the reasons Blackie and the Rodeo Kings continue to make music together is to have fun. “After all,” says Fearing, “we could just as easily go broke on the road on our own.” At their gig at Crocks on March 2, the band surpassed “fun” and created chemistry on stage that resonated with the near capacity crowd. Blackie and the Rodeo Kings are Colin Linden, Stephen Fearing, and Tom Wilson—veterans of the Canadian music scene that seem like an unlikely trio at first blush, but are

nothing short of a supergroup. Linden pretty much steals the show as a virtuoso on the slide guitar, Fearing contributes a softer/folkier groove to the band, and Wilson’s unmistakable baritone and dry wit command attention with every word. The trio was born out of their mutual admiration and respect for the great Canadian songwriter Willie P. Bennett. In 1995 they recorded what was intended to be a one-off tribute album, High or Hurtin’, but they discovered a synergy and friendship that has brought them back together for eight albums, including Kings and Kings released last fall.

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Their set showcased tunes from from Kings and Kings which features an impressive list of guests, such as Nick Lowe, Dallas Green, Fantastic Negrito, Bruce Cockburn, Keb Mo, and Vince Gill. Linden, Fearing, and Wilson took turns introducing songs and providing the backstory to the lyrics. Their casual and candid rapport with one another and the audience is part of what endears them to their fans and makes their live performances just as memorable as their recordings, even without the star-studded guest list. While most of the conversation was light, Trump came up a few times and fans

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Off theWall







The Salesman

Asghar Farhadi

The Salesman is somewhat of a paradox. It uses low key techniques such as minimal music and dialogue but is still captivating and full of suspense. Part art house drama, part thrilling mystery, and part revenge story, the film is about a young Iranian couple who move into a new apartment where they become

embroiled in a life-altering event involving the previous tenant. The Salesman’s documentary-like style is captivating because of the gripping yet subtle performances by its leads Shahab Hosseini and Taraneh Alidoosti, who carry the burdens of their characters in every scene. The film won the Academy Award for

- Adrian Lysenko


It’s been over 20 years since The Shins formed as a band, 10 years since Natalie Portman promised Zach Braff in Garden State that “New Slang” would change his life, and five years since Port of Morrow, which saw singer-songwriter and guitarist James Mercer unceremoniously fire all original members in favour of rotating lineups. I hate to say it, but The Shins have outstayed their welcome for this writer. Perhaps it’s the sonic shift that’s done it—gone are dreamy, introspective lyrics layered with warbling surf-rock riffs that heralded many a college dorm makeout sesh. Heartworms heralds 80s style, synth-soaked new wave meets 2000s detached, indie pop vocals. It might be kitschy had it not already been done-to-goddamned-death by so many of The Shins’ peers. I’m not against experimentation, evolution, and collaboration—I love Mercer’s output with Danger Mouse on Broken Bells albums. But Heartworms is full of tired, nostalgic nods that make me nod off.

If I were you, I would mark April 7 on the calendar. That’s the day that Whiteout Conditions, the latest work by The New Pornographers, is being released and I don’t think you should miss out. If you’re not familiar with the band, they won the Juno for Alternative Album of the Year in 2001 and the same album, Mass Romantic, was ranked by Blender Magazine the 24th best indie album of all time. Whiteout Conditions is their seventh album and reaction to the lead-out single “High Ticket Attractions” has been categorically positive. Some have said that this latest work is akin to a neo-Krautrock and by their own admission, it may be more of their interpretation of that sphere of influence. No matter how you try to pigeonhole it, I find the album to be a great listen; electronic pop with a fresh Canadian rinse. It’s clean rock with evocative harmonies that truly make it something anyone can appreciate.

Thunder Bay’s own post-rock trio Don’t You(,) Mean People? is back with their latest release Another Reason. At three tracks, the album packs a hearty amount of emotion and artistry into such a teasing punch. The album opens with “Runes and Ruins,” an instrumental track that begins with the sound of a whipping wind that harshly intensifies before an acoustic guitar cuts through and steals the spotlight. Much like the closing track “Another Reason,” “Runes and Ruins” never sticks to one clear path and constantly shifts indecisively from slow and simple to complex and rapid and back again. However, the true gem on Another Reason is the slightly sinister and oh-sounsettling song “A Reason to Stay Inside” that features a two-toned voice reciting a slam poetry-esque monologue about the stressors of society to the backdrop of a consistent rainfall. Another Reason is an eerie, emotive album that showcases the musical prowess of the trio and is the perfect addition to the music collections of newcomers and die-hard fans alike.

- Kirsti Salmi

- Jamie Varga

- Melanie Larson

The Shins


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Whiteout Conditions

Best Foreign Language Film in 2016, the second Oscar for director Asghar Farhadi who won the same category for A Separation in 2012. Although it’s not as profound as A Separation, The Salesman will still linger in your mind long after it’s over.

The New Pornographers

Another Reason

Don’t You(,) Mean People?

Nightmare Logic

Power Trip

The Lonely Hearts Hotel

Heather O’Neill

Let me pick one of these awesome Power Trip songs to talk about. On “Executioner’s Tax”, the Texas quintet hack up a grooving thrash riff that’s mosh-pit motivator before reaching a condemning gang-shouted chorus. It’s simple songwriting, but it also radiates wrathful energy that will get crowds moving. Under the threat of a “swing of the axe” the old guard better run and hide because on their second album, Power Trip is hell-bent on playing punky thrash that actually sounds dangerous. Nightmare Logic is a big, bloody salvo towards complacency, an exhilarating half-hour rush of eerily accomplished riffs, whammy bar breaking solos, ricocheting drum work, and acidic vocals. It’s a demonstration for every bloated veteran thrash metal band busy polishing their Grammy statues. This is an album that does exactly as it should (and what great thrash has always done), which is build songs with aggressive, effortless speed while delivering a dump truck load of riffs and vocal hooks inducing whiplash. I hope my neighbours appreciate this as much as I do.

The Lonely Hearts Hotel follows Rose, a gifted dancer and dramatist, and Pierrot, a piano prodigy. Abandoned as babies, the two perform for Montreal’s upper-class in the 1920s to raise money for their orphanage. After becoming separated in their teens, both learn to survive in the city’s seedy underbelly, never forgetting their dreams, or each other, as they descend into lives of crime. In O’Neill’s story, we’re treated to a wonderful portrayal of concepts and emotions through actions of the characters, but the author often takes an explicit turn, telling us how we should feel at the end of it all. Though some passages came across as insincere to me—O’Neill’s attempts at poetic descriptions of drug addiction, for example—the author’s prose is in top form and her characterization is strong throughout. The Lonely Hearts Hotel is about lost innocence, how living a hard life in an uncaring world can irrevocably change you.

- Justin Allec

- Alexander Kosoris

Flying Microtonal Banana King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard

Quick music lesson: “microtonal” refers to a type of tuning that is smaller than the semi-tones found in Western music. As far as the “Flying Banana” part goes, that’s further indication of the psychedelic weirdness you’ll find in any King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard record. While this album (purportedly the first of five releases from the band this year) experiments with tuning that may be foreign sounding to many Western ears, their songs and songwriting are anything but offputting. More laid-back and spacious than last year’s Nonagon Infinity, Flying Microtonal Banana still features hypnotic jams, lush, layered psychedelia, and hard-hitting sections (often within the same song). The result is another fantastic album from a band that can seemingly do no wrong in the catchy weirdness department. This is an album that (if it ever leaves) will find it’s way back into your rotation very regularly. Stellar. - Jason Wellwood

Reducing Your Carbon Footprint at Home

Sarah B. David

Rosen Publishing has created a series of accessible books for children in a series titled Your Carbon Footprint. This entry by Sarah B. David focuses on the choices we make at home that either increase or decrease our impact on the environment. The book starts out by providing background information on global warming with particular reference to carbon and our atmosphere. The clear language and bold title headings make it easy for children and parents to get an understanding of what they can do to minimize their carbon footprints. From turning out lights to hanging clothes to dry, recycling, and composting, all the basics are covered. There is a nice section at the back for further reading and a bibliography for those wanting additional information. - Ruth Hamlin-Douglas

Get Your

Game On

Duck Meatloaf

Tarragon Rabbit

28 North Cumberland Street

(807) 345-0597 TheSilverBirchRestaurant.com

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George Jeffrey Children’s Centre Playful Space is Clean, Green, and a Beautiful Diamond By Pamela Cain


he George Jeffrey Children’s Centre at 200 Brock Street is an animated and invigorating lofty space for children. A playful twostorey entrance with exposed wood and dynamic interior patterns with bubbles, wood trellises, and dancing shadows all contribute to the vibrant atmosphere. Constructed in 2009 by Gateway Contractors (Thunder Bay) Limited the building was designed by Form Architecture (formerly Kuch Stephenson Gibson Malo). Architect Michelle Gibson remarks on the unique roof design that resembles a butterfly in flight and allows natural light to permeate the building. A winner of the Clean Green Beautiful Diamond Level Award in 2010, the centre is noted for structural and design elements, including high efficiency lighting and windows. The centre is state-of-the-art and features a therapeutic swimming pool where heating is reclaimed and a roof that reflects summer heat and directs surface water into grassy areas. Surrounding the


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Architecture building, the landscape incorporates existing mature trees and new greenery and includes a path that provides elevations and curves to test therapeutic equipment. In 2012, FORM architecture won a Wood Champion Award from the Canadian Wood Council as a strong advocate for the use of wood in structural systems and finishes. The George Jeffrey Children's Centre is a wood frame construction with a masonry and stucco exterior. The elongated 3,345 square metre (36,000 square foot) building is two levels. A mezzanine encircles an open central atrium that provides a clear span to the ceiling and is surrounded by windows that allow direct sunlight to enter. In the leisure and recreational spaces, structural beams are integrated into wood trestles and placed to recall a jungle gym and support the movement systems for equipment. The centre also offers unique treatment areas for children

including a "Snoezelen room" designed to deliver stimuli to various senses and tactile experiences using lighting effects, colour, sounds, music, scents, and the combination of different materials. An active daily living suite helps youth and young adults transitioning into independent living. Originally the site of Francis Street School (1909-1982), the George Jeffrey Centre now offers an interactive site offering services to meet the physical, communication, developmental, and social needs of children from birth to 19 years. Pamela Cain is the heritage researcher for the Heritage Advisory Committee, which advises city council on the conservation of heritage buildings, sites and resources, and their integration into development. For more information on the city’s heritage resources, visit thunderbay.ca/living/ culture_and_heritage.




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Green outsmart them, preferably by using a trashcan with a secure lid. And if your garbage is subject to an attack by these marauders, clean it up ASAP! • Report full garbage or recycling bins. All City of Thunder Bay bins include a little plaque with the dispatch number to call if the bin requires emptying. Pull out your phone and take 30 seconds to report it. Sure, someone else might do it, but if they don’t, there’s another bunch of overflowing garbage around the city. Be the one who makes a difference!

Litter Prevention 101 By Ellen Mortfield, Executive Director, EcoSuperior


he entire month of May is devoted to litter clean up efforts in Thunder Bay. The annual Spring Up to Clean Up events have been going on for more than 20 years. Yet, like the proverbial cat, the litter comes back, again and again. While the litterbugs persist in nonchalant tossing, not all litter is intentional. The majority of citizens do make an effort to use garbage bins and ashtrays, but errant

bits of paper and plastic still manage to escape. To help keep our neighbourhoods cleaner, we’ve put together a list for litter prevention. • Keep your curbside garbage covered and don’t put it out early. Wily crows and wandering dogs breaking into streetside trash bags are probably our worst litter culprits. Do whatever you can to

• Cover your truckload. Whether transporting renovation materials to your house, or a load of detritus to the landfill site, open pick-up trucks or trailers are a huge source of unintentional litter. Covering your load is not only smart, it’s the law. According to Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act, “No person shall operate or permit to be operated upon a highway a motor vehicle that carries a load or draws a vehicle that carries a load unless the load is loaded, bound, secured, contained or covered so that no portion of the load may become dislodged or fall, leak, spill, or blow from the vehicle.” Equip yourself with appropriately sized

tarps, bungees, or whatever you need to secure it. Hauling properly can prevent a hefty fine, as well as litter. • Advocate for more and proper waste disposal facilities. If your favourite neighbourhood business has a litter problem, point it out and request that proper garbage and recycling bins be added. If your workplace has a litter problem due to lack of outdoor ashtrays or uncovered waste bins, speak up. Make litter an action item. • Pick it up! It’s a fact that although litter is not biological, it has an uncanny ability to reproduce, multiplying like rabbits wherever it appears. Someone sees a candy wrapper on the ground, and then, poof, it’s followed by a coffee cup, then a shopping bag, soon a pile of cigarette butts. If that litter was dropped by an uncaring person, they’re certainly not coming back for it. If it was the wind who carried it from whereabouts unknown, then it belongs to no-one— so someone needs to take responsibility. Why not you? Litter begets more litter by making people think nobody cares. If we see a clean and green area, human instinct is to keep it that way.

Serving Thunder Bay & Region since 1957

Real Estate & Mortgages Family Law, Divorce & Mediation Wills & Estates, Power of Attorney Corporate Law *Accredited Family Law Mediator Daniel R. Filipovic

B. Admin., LL. B., AccFM*

John P. Filipovic B. A. LL. B., Retired

1020 East Victoria Avenue, Thunder Bay 72

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Michael D. Conway B. A. LL. B., Retired


Samantha A. Filipovic B. FA. (HONS), LL. B.



The Need to Break the Sedentary Cycle

Thinking of buying or selling?

By Sara Chow, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre


P. 807.683.9871 | C. 807.632.3635 WWW.SARAHKERTON.REALTOR

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Plan Your


GRAND MARAIS ART COLONY 218.387.2737 | 120 W. 3RD AVE



et up! Really, you need to stop sitting around. Spending hours at a desk all day and leaving exercise to the evening isn’t enough, according to a recent research study. Our sedentary lifestyles need to change. Adults between 18 and 64 years should get 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity every week. The new research means that even those who meet the recommended physical activity guidelines may still be at risk if they are sedentary.

you can be a physically active person but also sedentary.

When talking about physical activity, the terms “sedentary” and “physical inactivity” are often used interchangeably, meaning “not active enough,” but they are different! We are physically inactive when we don’t meet the physical activity recommendations. We are sedentary when we’re awake, but not moving around—basically any time we are sitting or lying down. The difference is key to this research because it means

For the majority of us, the answer to this question is “no.” The researchers found that increased sitting time is associated with increased all-cause mortality. The only way to mitigate all that sitting is be physically active for 60 to 75 minutes per day at moderate intensity level. Since the most recent Canadian Health Measures Survey reported that 85% of Canadian adults

We don’t need to re-establish that sedentary behaviour is common (in fact, you are probably sitting reading this, just like I am sitting to write it.) We also know that being sedentary is associated with increased risks for several chronic diseases. What researchers wanted to know was if someone is physically active enough, could they mitigate or eliminate the detrimental health effects of daily sitting time?

aren’t meeting the recommended physical activity guidelines, we really need to step up our game! Break the sedentary cycle! Move throughout the day to limit the amount of time that you are sedentary. Take your coffee breaks outdoors or up and down the hallway, or stand in the break room instead of sitting. Get green! Incorporate active transportation into your spring and summer routines. Go for a walk downtown with your friend instead of texting them all evening from your couch. Whatever it is you choose to change, remember to move more. Reference: Ekelund, U. SteeneJohannessen, J., Brown, W.J. et al. “Does physical activity attenuate, or even eliminate, the detrimental association of sitting time with mortality? A harmonised metaanalysis of data from more than 1 million men and women.” The Lancet. 388. September 24, 2016.

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AprilEventsGuide April 1 24-12-6 Hours of Lappe Lappe Nordic Ski Centre

Test your endurance and willpower at Lappe’s epic 24-hour relay. Ski solo or in teams in a 6-hour, 12-hour, or 24-hour relay and fundraiser. Prizes are awarded for distance and funds raised in support of the Lappe Nordic Ski Club and Thunder Bay’s National Development Centre.  lappenordic.ca

April 1 17th Annual Fundraising Gala Kamview Nordic Centre

Celebrate the ski season with a dinner, dance, and silent auction! Put your ski clothes away and get out your dancing shoes.  tbnordictrails.com

April 1, 2 pm The Other End of the Line: Stories from Inside India’s Call Centres Waverley Library Auditorium

Part of the Lakehead University lecture series In Conversation. Presented by Dr. Anna Guttman from Lakehead University’s Department of English.  tbpl.ca

April 1, 6 pm Thunder Pride Pageant Italian Cultural Centre

The third annual Miss and Mr. Thunder Pride Pageant will feature celebrity guest judges and is hosted by the Italian Godmother of Drag, Miss Gia Maria Corangie. This is an all-ages event.  thunderpride.ca

Until April 2 re(Creating the Self): an Arts Program for People Living with Dementia Thunder Bay Art Gallery

The gallery is pleased to be partnered with the Alzheimer’s Society of Thunder Bay, Lakehead University’s Centre for Education and Research on Aging and Health (CERAH), and with local artist Eleanor Albanese to explore the experiences, meanings, and impacts of an art program for people living with dementia.  theag.ca

Until April 2 Lakehead University Annual Juried Exhibition Thunder Bay Art Gallery

An exhibit features a wide array of artworks by students in the department of visual arts at Lakehead University.  theag.ca

April 2, 11:30 am–1 pm Pints & Poses Red Lion Smokehouse

A great way to start your Sunday morning! A one hour flow yoga taught by Kayla Younger followed by a craft beer tasting. Tickets are $35 and include yoga, beer tasting, and some light snacks. Please bring your own mat to this event. Yoga is suitable for all levels from beginner to advanced.  redlionsmokehouse.ca

April 2, noon–1:30 pm Synchro Spring Water Show Canada Games Complex

Make time to drop by and watch the solos, duets, and team routines from all recreational, exhibition, provincial, and national swimmers, as well as performances by the Lakehead University Synchro athletes! 50/50 draw, prizes, and synchro-gear for sale!  thunderbaysynchro.ca

April 2, 12:30–4:30 pm Adult Beading Workshop Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Instructor Amy Farrell-Morneau will guide you through a beadwork project: earrings, a keychain or a patch for a bag.  theag.ca

April 2, 1–5:30 pm Knights of Columbus Spaghetti and Meatball Dinner Columbus Centre

In support of community projects. Takeout menu: spaghetti with sauce and six meatballs for $11, ten meatballs in sauce for $11, one litre of spaghetti sauce for $9. Salad and buns also available for purchase. Please bring your own containers for takeout. Sit-down dinner is all you can eat. ) 623-3252






April 4, 7–9:30 pm Paint Nite: Wine Country Bight Restaurant and Bar

Paint Nite invites you to create art over cocktails, guided by a professional artist and party host. Grab your friends and spend two hours drinking, laughing, and flexing your creative muscles. There’s no experience necessary and we’ll provide all the supplies!  FaceBook.com/PaintNiteTBay

April 5, 8–9:30 pm Rock, Paper, Scissors Red Lion Smokehouse

Are you a rock, paper, scissors champion? Pit your skills against the masses to find out. Entry is $5 per person. Winner receives $50 cash.  redlionsmokehouse.com

April 6, 6:30 & 8:40 pm The Dressmaker SilverCity Thunder Bay

NOSFA presents the award-winning film about a dressmaker in exclusive Parisian fashion houses who returns home to a town in the Australian outback to reconcile with her eccentric mother.  nosfa.ca

April 7–9 Spring Home & Garden Show CLE

A must-go-to event for anyone interested in home renovations, gardens, landscaping, camps, and much more! Visit all buildings on the CLE Grounds, including the Country Market. This show runs for 3 days, and you can purchase items at the show. Free parking. $2 admission.  cle.on.ca

April 8 Run and Ski Lappe Nordic Ski Centre

The Run and Ski is a fun event for all ages. This event is followed by Reijo’s famous kilometre board draw and end of season prizes.  lappenordic.ca

April 8, 5:30 pm Thunder Bay Chamber of Commerce Annual Business Excellence Awards Valhalla Inn

A formal event to honour the winners of the Annual Business Excellence Awards.  tbchamber.ca

April 9, 9 am–1 pm Breakfast with the Easter Bunny Moose Hall

The Fort City Kinettes present this breakfast, which includes pancakes, sausage, taters and juice/coffee or tea. The Easter Bunny will be handing out treats and there will be a bake sale and raffle. The proceeds will support Baby’s Breath, Camp Quality NWO, the MS Society, and the Fort City Kinettes. ) 345-2570

April 9, 2–4 pm Fort William Figure Skating Club’s 2017 Ice Show Fort William Gardens

Skaters from the Fort William Figure Skating Club will be performing to songs by a wide variety of Canadian artists to celebrate Canada’s 150th birthday.  fortwilliamfsc.ca

April 10, 7–9:30 pm Paint Nite: Fall Sunset OLG Casino

Paint Nite invites you to create art over cocktails, guided by a professional artist and party host. Grab your friends and spend two hours drinking, laughing, and flexing your creative muscles. There’s no experience necessary and all supplies will be provided!  FaceBook.com/PaintNiteTBay

April 10–22 Here on the Flight Path Magnus Theatre

Written by Norm Foster, the play is an insightful and humorous take on navigating the complex world of male-female relationships. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.  magnus.on.ca

April 12, 6:30–8:30 pm Spring Bike Expo Superior CVI

Come out to the annual Spring Bike Expo sponsored by The Thunder Bay Cycling Club. All three local bike shops and other booths pertaining to cycling will be there. On-site assistance with online registration for the cycling club will be available. Fill out a ballot at the entrance for a chance to win door prizes. Admission is free.  tbaycc.ca

Travel Savers — See the world, share the adventure “Fantastique!” ™Rogers and the Mobius Design are trademarks of or used under license from Rogers Communications Inc. or an affiliate.

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April 12, 7:15 pm–9:30 pm Lakehead Stamp Club Meeting Hammarskjold High School Library

Program is a table auction and a speaker. Free entry. Visitors are welcome. ) 768-1240

April 12, 8–10 pm Arts & Craft Beer Red Lion Smokehouse

An experienced florist from Thuja Floral Design will guide you through a two-hour session where you will learn to create a DIY Succulent Terrarium. No experience is necessary. Your class fee includes a pint of Ontario craft beer, instruction, and all supplies.  redlionsmokehouse.ca

April 12, 19, & 26, 10 am–12:30 pm Cook and Connect West Arthur Community Centre

Learn about cooking for the seasons with Kim from Roots to Harvest. Find out what is available, where to get local food and how to incorporate it into foods you eat every day. Cost for all three sessions, including food and sit down lunch, is $93.75. ) 684-3066

Until April 16 Annual Major Studio Exhibition Thunder Bay Art Gallery

The 4th year graduating students in the Lakehead University Visual Arts Department present their annual Major Studio Exhibition in what is always a stunning and varied exhibition of what is current in the visual arts. Opening reception is Friday, April 7 at 7:30 pm.  theag.ca

April 18, 8 pm Stand-Up Comedy: The Western Canada Tour NV Nightclub

This comedy tour includes a number of guys as seen on TV, for a three-inone comedy night for a great price: Erik Stolhanske, Spencer “Spenny” Rice, and Tyrone Parsons. Tickets are $20-$30.  nvnight.club

April 20, 7:30 pm Bill Blaikie: Religion and Politics of Trump St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church

A talk by Bill Blaikie, a United Church Minister, MP from 1979 to 2008, and an MLA and Cabinet Minister in Manitoba from 2009 to 2011, as well as author of a political memoir entitled The Blaikie Report: An Insider’s Look at Faith and Politics.  tbca.com

April 21 Taste of History Dinner Prince Arthur Waterfront Hotel & Suites

Join the Thunder Bay Museum in celebrating the past 100 years with A Taste of History, an evening of food and discussion focusing on the year 1917. See this month’s Top Five for more info.  thunderbaymuseum.com

April 21–June 4 Confluence Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Organized by Carleton University Art Gallery, Confluence is an exhibition by Meryl McMaster. See this month’s Top Five for more info.  theag.ca

April 22, 10 am–4 pm Introspective Visions Airlane Hotel

Preview the art of eleven local artists of the Lakehead Art Collective, hosted by the Etobicoke Civic Centre Art Gallery.  sixdegreesoffreedom.ca

April 23, 7 pm The Naked Magicians Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

From the creator of the biggest magic show on the planet comes the world’s naughtiest magic show. The show features magic, mirth, and more than a touch of mayhem as these two hot and hilarious magicians say abracadabra and take magic to a whole new level.  tbca.com

Paint Nite invites you to create art over cocktails, guided by a professional artist and party host. Grab your friends and spend two hours drinking, laughing, and flexing your creative muscles. There’s no experience necessary and all supplies will be provided!  FaceBook.com/PaintNiteTBay

April 26, 8–10 pm Quiz Night Red Lion Smokehouse

Teams of up to six players. Cost is $2 per person. B.Y.O.P. event (Bring Your Own Pen Please!) Prizes to be won. Booking recommended, walk-ins welcome. Minimum spend of $20 per person.  redlionsmokehouse.ca

April 28, 6–9 pm Lifewater Canada Gala 2017 Italian Cultural Centre

Bring safe water to Liberia and Haiti while enjoying good food and live entertainment, purchasing auction items, and hearing about Lifewater Canada’s latest adventures. Tickets are $30 each or $210 for a table of eight. ) 622-4848

April 28, 7:15 pm–9:30 pm Lakehead Stamp Club Meeting Hammarskjold High School Library

Program is a floor auction and a speaker. Free entry. Visitors are welcome. ) 768-1240

April 28–29 Gear Up For Outdoors Tent & Everything Else Sale LU Hangar

Gear Up For Outdoors Annual Tent & Everything Else Sale is going back to school this spring at the LU Hangar. See over 100 tents and shelters on display, as well as the newest in camp furniture, cookstoves, and more. Come out and see the largest indoor display of tents in Canada!  gear-up.com

April 28–30 Superior Quilts Quilt Show CLE Coliseum

April 29, 10 am–1 pm MFRC Spring Yard & Craft Sale HMCS Griffon 125

Over 60 tables, outdoor barbecue, penny auction, and 50/50. All proceeds go to the Thunder Bay Military Family Resource Centre, a not-for-profit organization that provides programs and services to support military families.  my.tbaytel.net/tbaymfrc

April 29, 10 am–3 pm Lake Superior Coins and Collectibles Spring Show and Bourse West Thunder Community Centre

A part of the Lakehead University lecture series In Conversation. Mirella Stroink, Department of Psychology, and her students will discuss topics including what affects our thinking, creativity, and well-being, and the impact of complex social systems on public sector healthcare.  tbpl.ca

April 29, 6–11 pm TBSO Live at the Shipyard Port Arthur Shipyard


A film festival organized by the Thunder Bay Environmental Film Network (EFN) highlighting environmental issues. See this month’s Top Five for more info.  tbefilmf.wordpress.com

April 24, 7–9:30 pm Paint Nite: Blue Twilight OLG Casino

Knight Of Infinite Resignation Diane Landry (Quebec): Landry’s immersive installation evokes death and emptiness, but also beauty with respect to time and the cosmos, amid the mesmeric continual motion of some 12 windmill-like structures composed of 247 water bottles/light and sand. A prominent Canadian artist and performer (MFA, Stanford), Landry has shown extensively nationally and internationally and her art is in collections worldwide. Canadian Contemporary 14 - Dr. Chaudhuri Art Collection: An impressive curated selection of 14 art works from one of the largest private collections of contemporary art in our region. See paintings, prints, sculpture, drawings, and more by critically acclaimed Canadian artists, big on the international art scene and featured in major art magazines. Game of Chess - Marcel Dzama (New York-Winnipeg): Short B&W art film/ballet film projection [14 min.] by critically-acclaimed international artist Dzama, whose work has a recognizable visual language that unleashes a universe of fantasies and fairy tales, drawing equally from folk vernacular and artistic influences like Dada and Duchamp. Widely known for his works on paper, Dzama has recently expanded his practice to include sculpture, painting, film, and performance. Dzama has shown extensively nationally and internationally and his art is in collections worldwide. Gallery hours: Tuesday-Saturday, noon-6 pm. All ages welcome/ admission by donation.  definitelysuperior.com

April 29, 2 pm Psychology: Simplifying Complexity Waverley Library Auditorium

The TBSO presents an opportunity to turn back the clock. Dance the night away to the sounds of your orchestra favourites as well as performances highlighting music from the modern era! This fundraiser in support of TBSO’s Youth and Education programs is sure to be the social event of the season!  tbso.ca

April 29, 7 pm Chaban Ukrainian Dance Group Presents Kalyna Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

Watch more than 100 local dancers, ages four and up, with their repertoire of vivacious and lively dances. An extraordinary evening to entertain you!  tbca.com

April 29–30 10x10 Gala Showcase Finlandia Club

The 10x10 Theatre InTENsive Project annually presents 10 especially selected scripts that are 10 minutes long. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.  10x10tbay.ca

April 30, 7 pm Le Stelle Alpine Italian Dancers Present Ballando con Le Stelle Alpine Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

A performance by Le Stelle Alpine dancers, who strive to represent all regions of Italy and delight audiences with a vast range of traditional performances.  tbca.com

Photo : Chad Kirvan

April 19–23 Thunder Bay Environmental Film Festival Bora Laskin Theatre, Lakehead University Faculty of Education

A full lineup of Canadian and international films. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.  nosfa.ca

Until April 29 Critically Acclaimed National/ International Contemporary Art Definitely Superior Art Gallery

Five Alarm Funk

Please email alex@redlionsmokehouse. ca to register in advance or show up on the night. There are only 16 spots available. Spots will be allocated on a first come /first served basis. $5 entry, $50 prize.  redlionsmokehouse.ca

April 23 & 30 NOSFA Northwest Film Fest SilverCity Thunder Bay

Yeah, We Were There.

April 19, 8–11 pm Classic Board Game Tournament: Connect Four Red Lion Smokehouse

Come and talk about your coins and get an on the spot appraisal of your rare or everyday coins. Free admission, hourly door prizes, and coins for sale. ) 577-5416

A show presented by the Thunder Bay Quilters Guild. See this month’s Art section for more info.  thunderbayquilters.org

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Music April 1 Sleeping Giant Folk Music Society Presents Peter Katz Polish Hall 7 pm • $25-$30 • AA Daylin James – Elvis Lives On Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 8 pm • $39 • AA Plan B (The Band) Cheer’s The Village Pub 9 pm • No Cover • 19+ Love & Kindness Fundraiser: Taco-Catastrophe Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+ Acoustic Nights with the Gin Tonics Red Lion Smokehouse 10 pm • No Cover • 19+ Voluptuous in the Bay: First Size Acceptance Event Crocks 10 pm • $10 • 19+

April 3 Five Alarm Funk Crocks 9 pm • $15 ADV • 19+ April 4 Ballads and Blues Tuesdays Featuring James Boraski Blue Door Bistro Noon • No Cover • AA April 5 Merle Haggard’s Stranger Featuring Ben & Noel Haggard Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 8 pm • $35 • AA TBSO Classical Plus 3: Heartbreak and Happiness Hilldale Lutheran Church 8 pm • $16.50-$37 • AA

April 6 Irish Sessions Red Lion Smokehouse 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

April 13 Irish Sessions Red Lion Smokehouse 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Back to Party City All-Ages Drag Show Black Pirates Pub 8 pm • $5-$10 • AA

TBSO Cabaret 3: Stars of the Orchestra – Night 1 Italian Cultural Centre 8 pm • $16.50-$37 • AA

April 7 Return for Refund “Lift You Up” Tour with Femur and The Franquilizers The Apollo 9 pm • $10 • 19+

April 14 B.A. Johnston Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $8 • 19+

April 20 Fast Romantics Crocks 8:30 pm • $10 • 19+

April 27 Irish Sessions Red Lion Smokehouse 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

April 21 Elliott Brood Crocks 8 pm • $20 ADV • 19+

TBSO Masterworks 6: Jennifer Koh Performs Brahms Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 8 pm • $11.50-$42.25 • AA

April 22 2017 Fling at the Foundry The Foundry 2 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Age of Electric Crocks 9 pm • $25 • 19+

April 15 TBSO Cabaret 3: Stars of the Orchestra – Night 2 Italian Cultural Centre 8 pm • $16.50-$37 • AA

Folk Night (Earth Day Special) Featuring Elle Kay, Nick Sherman, and Mary Walker Beaux Daddy’s Grillhouse 6:30 pm • $5 food minimum • AA

Slave State with Caught in the Crossfire, The Vilification, and With Love & Loathing Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

A New Machine CD Release With Femur, The Franquilizers, and Green Mind Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Andreas Klein Bethlehem Lutheran, Grand Marais 7:30 pm • $5-$24 • AA

The Gin Tonics Beaux Daddy’s Grillhouse 6:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Honest Heart Collective Red Lion Smokehouse 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

TBSO Pops 6: Rita Chiarelli Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 8 pm • $11.50-$42.25 • AA

April 8 Songwriters Showcase The Royalton Lounge 7 pm • $TBA • 19+

April 16 Bluegrass Brunch Red Lion Smokehouse 11 am • No Cover • AA

April 24 Riff Raff Crocks 9 pm • $20 ADV, $40 VIP • 19+

The Harpoonist & The Axe Murderer Crocks 8 pm • $15 • 19+

Bridge Theatre Presents: A Resurrection Affair Featuring Visions of Doyle, The Dirty Old Town, Finding Molly Bish, Jake Vaillant, Dee Marie, and Katryn Saunders Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Soapboxer’s Spring Fling Party Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

April 11 Ballads and Blues Tuesdays Featuring James Boraski Blue Door Bistro Noon • No Cover • AA

April 17 Hopsin with Token Rockhouse 8 pm • $30 • 19+ April 18 Ballads and Blues Tuesdays with James Boraski Blue Door Bistro Noon • No Cover • AA

April 30 Lads of the Lake: Fiddler Pierre Schryer and Friends The Sovereign Room 9 pm • No Cover • 19+ Brought to you by:

For more info visit tbshows.com

April 25 Ballads and Blues Tuesdays Featuring James Boraski Blue Door Bistro Noon • No Cover • AA Apathy and Celph Titled Crocks 9 pm • $20 ADV • 19+

April 26 Sleep Science The Foundry 9 pm • $TBA • 19+

Were You There?

www.thewalleye.ca 76

The Walleye

Yo Chef!

Photo by Patrick Chondon


LU Radio’s Monthly Top 20



Baluji Shrivastav




Ninja Tune


Pain of Salvation

Inside Out







All Else Fails*

Suicidal Bride

Best of Baluji Shrivastav


CILU 102.7fm’s Monthly Charts for this issue reflect airplay for the month ending March 14, 2017.

Al Muirhead*

Northern Adventures: The Canada Sessions Vol. 1




Near to the Wild Heart of Life


Myths 002

Mexican Summer

13 Grandaddy

Last Place

30th century records

14 Thundercat



15 Timber Timbre*

Sewer Blues (single)

Arts & Crafts

16 Brandon Can't Dance

Graveyard of Good Times

Lucky Number


The xx

17 The Evaporators*

Young Turks


Century Palm*

18 Austra*



Ty Segall

19 B.A. Johnston*

Drag City



20 Bill & Joel Plaskett*

Light Organ


The Bay Street Bastards*

Hip Hop



Run The Jewels


La Femme

Run the Jewels, Inc.

Les Disques Pointus




The Modern Savage






Honus Honus

Mello Music Group

New Neighbourhood



Stones Throw




I See You

Meet You Ty Segall

The Railtown Sessions

Small Batch Mystère

Unwilling Participants Use Your Delusion

10 Moon Duo

Occult Architecture Vol. 1

Sacred Bones Records

11 Dany Laj And The Looks*

Alive & Kicking

Ogopogo Punk


Future Politics

Pink Fizz

Gremlins 3

Mammoth Cave

In Tensions The Forever Lie


Sally Folk*



Alison Krauss



Amelia Curran*

Six Shooter

University of Toronto 12tet*


Joey Landreth*

Cadence Music Group

University of Toronto Jazz


Ludovic Alarie*

Coyote Records

2 12 Ariel Pink & Weyes Blood

In the Passing Light of Day


Check out our weekly charts online at luradio.ca or tune in to the weekly Top 20 Countdown Saturday from 5-7pm (or the rebroadcast Monday 2-4pm) on 102.7fm in Thunder Bay or stream us live world-wide at luradio.ca.

Top 20


Future Politics

Pink Fizz


Kid Koala feat. Emiliana Torrini*

Music To Draw To: Satellite


Arts & Crafts



Ahead Of Our Time


Teen Daze*


Dave Young Quintet*

Paper Bag



Bill Anschell


Only Heaven EP

Themes For Dying Earth


Trillium Falls One Way Up

Srdjan Beronja


The Fusionauts*




Hanitra Ranaivo









Record Breaking Records


Awa Poulo



Awesome Tapes From Africa


The Sounds of the East

La Lucha Poulo Warali

Windy City

Gravity (single) Whiskey


* Indicates Canadian Content



3e acte



Collagen 2



Run The Jewels 3 Drunk

This Month's Show Spotlight: The Patch

Hosted by Connor Graham Mondays 9 - 10 pm

The Iceberg

Fux with the Tux Chill, Dummy

Slanging tunes in hopes of creating a patchwork of sound bound by influence and innovation. Following these threads through some new and favourite post-punk, indie, and alternative bands.

Connor’s Song of the Moment: Priests - "Pink White House"

Some Call It Pop

The TheWalleye Walleye

77 5



Ruelle 6-2-0

Acrylic on Canvas 30” x 60”

Custom Framing A Family Tradition since 1964 8 Court Street South



APRIL 23 & 30


25 years ~ for the love of film


The Walleye

A One-Day Breast Cancer Screening Marathon

May 12, 2017 Ontario Breast Screening Program sites across Northwestern Ontario are offering booked and walkin breast cancer screening appointments on May 12, 2017! Women who have a mammogram on May 12th will receive a small gift bag and be entered into a draw to win a prize!

Participating sites in Thunder Bay and appointment information: Screen for Life Coach (On-site at Superstore)

Thunder Bay Diagnostics (Thunder Bay Medical Centre)

Walk-Ins and Booked Appointments

Walk-Ins and Booked Appointments


(807) 683-4411

Linda Buchan Centre (Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre)

Women, between the ages of 50 and 74 years, should be screened for breast cancer every 2 years with a mammogram. For more information about breast cancer screening, visit: www.tbrhsc.net/cancerscreening.

Booked Appointments Only 1-800-461-7031


FOUNDRY Voted #1 Music Venue MON




Karaoke Wednesday Jazzy Thursday Every Folkin 10pm-2am Night 7-10 Monday Showcase Open Stage 7pm-10pm 10pm-2am

FRI & SAT Live Bands and DJ Big D


242 Red River Road

807-285-3188 The Walleye



Sustainable Consumption Starts at Home


Betty Carpick


ow can we better acknowledge our personal consumption habits and decrease the insane amount of garbage we’re throwing away? There’s no entitlement when it comes to environmental citizenship. Everyone must contribute to a sustainable world by being responsible consumers and demonstrating an appreciation and a duty to preserve the places where we live and work. Globally, we’re facing a mounting waste problem because of urban expansion, rapid industrialization, and a culture that encourages excessive consumerism. In 2009, Canadians produced 777 kilograms of garbage per citizen. Across all 17 countries studied, the average was only 578 kg per person. In northern Ontario terms, 777 kg is a little over the weight of a bull moose. While more than half of the world’s population doesn’t have access to regular trash collection, in Canada, the service is included within property taxes. Consequently, because collection isn’t a measurable service like hydro or water, we don’t pay that much attention to the amount of waste we’re disposing. It’s pretty easy to put plastic bags out on a curb, cover them with a garbage afghan, and go about your day. Out of sight, out of mind. In Thunder Bay, we’re privileged to enjoy an efficient waste disposal


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system. On the down side, that efficiency increases the inclination to throw out more stuff. In the best interests of healthy and responsible communities, municipalities across Canada are implementing reduced pickup and user-pay systems. It’s a good thing. Residents should be more aware of the costs of waste management systems and the necessity to decrease garbage. As part of the 2017 operating budget, Thunder Bay City Council ratified that the number of garbage containers that residents are allowed to leave for door-to-door collection will be reduced from three to two containers. The decision will be enforced concurrently with the implementation of a user-pay bag tag system, whereby residents can put out additional containers. The changes in garbage bag limits aren’t just about environmental stewardship; they are a way to increase the sustainability and long-term viability of landfill sites. Unfortunately, people won’t change their habits unless they’re forced to change. The reality is that when you charge for something, people use less of it. For residents, this means that we have to think a little bit harder about reducing the amount of solid waste and diverting more of it from landfills through recycling and other initiatives. It can seem formidable to change

habits. But, remember, even though our garbage isn’t piling up in plain view, it is piling up and some of it is yours. Here are a few tips and thoughts on how to reduce garbage: Practice sustainability. Aim for zero-waste. Practice the 5 R’s: refuse, reduce, reuse, repurpose, and recycle. Remember that recycling is the last resort. Consider your personal garbage output. Ask yourself how you can throw out less? Challenge yourself. Before you toss something into the trash, consider what else you could be doing with it.


Don’t buy it. Put more thought into consuming and spending less. Buy second-hand. Purchase products with less packaging. Avoid individually packaged items. Don’t buy anything disposable. Pay a little more for durable, longlasting goods. Buy or grow quality, local food. Support the market and small shops where food is fresh and unpackaged. Do you compost? It’s easy. Give it a try. Share ways to reduce trash. Educate your family, friends, and colleagues. Get competitive. Make it a thing!

807-345-0997 | corporategraphics.ca


This Hill By Sara Sadeghi Aval

There’s a place in town, where I always go. I sit at the top of this Hill, through sun and snow. All year round, and I never fail to see, That this city is somehow rising and falling beneath me. I watch my breath turn to crisp white, some ghosts in the dry moonlight, And I think hard of all these things, That come to mind in times of loneliness and lingering. The people I have met, the people who’ve died. The places I’ve seen, and the adventures I just haven’t tried. And each time I realize, there is something missing. No satisfaction from watching my memories pass, No joy in realizing that this life just does not last. I haven’t lived all that I wanted and I haven’t been here for long, But maybe if I keep watching these cars, Driving up the Hill, towards the stars. As if they’re ever going to get there,

Lunch and Dinner Italian style, family style Lunch Wed-Sun 11:30-3 Dinner every day at 5pm

As if the people inside even understand!— No one ever makes it past the top of my Hill. Because the road starts to bend down, and further down still. And then I wonder, if there’s ever any disappointment? If they think they were wrong about what it all meant? Maybe this Hill, is just a rock. And we pour feelings into dead trees and abandoned docks. Places we believe hold some truth, some forgotten solutions. But in reality it’s just a bittersweet delusion. Summers we remember and sunsets we know. Memories we revisit, dreams that we stow. Because we believe in them still, Because we want to believe. That we can hold onto those people and those places, In our hearts there are these wide open spaces,

www.nookthunderbay.com nookthunderbay@gmail.com Nook TakeAway 285-7775

271 Bay St 285.7775

That need to be filled, We want so badly to fill. And I can’t find anything, except this Hill…

The Walleye


theEYE - Five Alarm Funk at Crocks

Photo by Chad Kirvan


The Walleye

Fresh air Limitless adventure AND


the perfect getaway - it’s in our nature.

visitthunderbay.com Aric Fishman by Andy Noga

The Walleye


Pick Your Honda. 2017 HONDA CR-V LX-2WD

Touring Model Shown.

Starting from




† Plus taxes & license fees. See Dealer for Details.

2017 HONDA CIVIC SEDAN DX 6MT Starting from




† Plus taxes & license fees. See Dealer for Details.

Touring Model Shown.

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