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2019

ACTIVITY REPORT


The Centre for Animal Welfare (CAW) is an interdisciplinary centre that undertakes research, teaching and public engagement in animal welfare and related fields. It currently includes 12 faculty members, some of whom are world leaders in their fields. In January 2019 we were joined by Dr Liam Satchell – an ecological psychologist with interests in human and non-human animal wellbeing. The Centre is also assisted by several additional faculty members, and benefits from hosting some of the University’s best students.

Above: Hedgehogs are in dramatic decline, but by enacting positive change on their campuses, universities can be part of the solution. Student Carol Cook has led our successful campaign to have Winchester become an accredited Hedgehog Friendly Campus. Cover image: In October, the Animal welfare team received an unprecedented four awards at graduation in the Winchester Cathedral. L to R: Andrew Knight,  Natalie PRESENTED BY P R E PCook A R E and D BLuke Y Light, Carol Gamble.

Joseph WIlliams Adam Hames

Ophelia Wiggins

March 2020, University of Winchester, Winchester, UK


TABLE OF CONTENTS

03

Overview

09

Selected presentations

05

New books and journals

12

Selected awards

07

Selected articles and chapters

13

Who we are

08

Student publications

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Overview

Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

2019 was another extremely productive year for our Centre for Animal Welfare. Our BA Animal Welfare and Society, and MSc Animal Welfare Science, Ethics and Law entered their fourth years of operation in September. BA student numbers have grown rapidly compared to earlier years, and MSc student numbers are also growing and greatly in excess of national averages. During 2019 our academics and even some students jointly published two key books, numerous articles and chapters, and a large number of additional pieces covering a wide range of animal welfare and related topics.   We provided a large number of external presentations, and participated in external consultations and exhibitions (including at No. 10 Downing St and the European Parliament twice), and representations to government ministers, courts and others on animal welfare issues ranging from the cage confinement of laying hens, through greyhound racing, badger culling, fish sentience, chimpanzee personhood, Spanish octopus farming, and several others. In September our MSc student Samantha Carlson addressed the Chilean Congress to propose stronger animal welfare legislation.  In January we launched our Centre for Animal Welfare YouTube channel: http://rebrand.ly/cawchannel. This provides short videos about animal welfare issues, outstanding student presentations, and speaker videos from our conferences and events. In July we added 29 videos (http://rebrand.ly/AW-vids) that provide 5-10 minute summaries of key animal welfare issues, for our intranet teaching pages, as well as wider social media. Thousands of views were received by the end of 2019. This channel will continue to grow, raising awareness of important animal welfare issues, and of the degrees we offer. In March our lecturer Natalie Light organised and chaired a very successful conference ‘Understanding our companion animals: ethology, welfare & training.’ Five speaker videos were subsequently added to our YouTube channel.  Our work attracted well over 20 media mentions in 2019, mostly within the UK, but some as distant as the Wall St Journal. We jointly received at least seven awards, and some other recognition. Our Visiting Prof. Philip Lymbery was listed as one of Britain’s top 25 Agriculture and Land Use influencers, and as a leading social influencer on sustainability issues.

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Selected examples of our work are highlighted in the following, with CAW faculty and students highlighted. However, much additional fine work exists. I remain very grateful for the support of our academics and students, our expert Administrative staff, and the various faculties (especially, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Health and Wellbeing), departments and other staff who have supported us all. These successes would not have been possible without their support. Andrew Knight, Director, Centre for Animal Welfare

Above: Through her work as animal welfare journalist with the non-profit organisation Lady Freethinker, MSc student Samantha Carlson was able to meet senators in Chile who share her vision of improving animal welfare legislation. She invited to speak to the Chilean Congress in September, to propose stronger animal welfare and protection laws.

PREPARED BY Joseph WIlliams Adam Hames

PRESENTED BY Ophelia Wiggins


Where we are right now

New books and journals

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

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Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS


Selected articles and chapters Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

Carvalho C, Alves D, Knight A, et al. (2019). Is animal-based biomedical research being used in its original context? In Herrmann K and Jayne K. (2019). Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. https://brill.com/view/title/35072 Carvalho C, Varela SA, Bastos LF, …, Knight A, et al. (2019). The relevance of in silico, in vitro and non-human primate based approaches to clinical research on major depressive disorder. Altern Lab Anim, 47(3–4), 128–139. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261192919885578 Hammerton R, Hunt KA and Riley LM. (2019). An Investigation into keeper opinions of great ape diets and abnormal behaviour. J Zoo Aquarium Res, 7(4), 170-178. Knight A. (2019). Critically evaluating animal research. In Herrmann K and Jayne K. (2019). Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. https://brill.com/view/title/35072 Lymbery P. (2019). Could humanity’s hoofprint overwhelm nature?.  J Population Sustainability, 4(1). https://jpopsus.org/full_articles/could-humanitys-hoofprint-overwhelmnature/ McCulloch SP. (2019). Brexit and Animal Welfare Impact Assessment: analysis of the threats Brexit poses to animal protection in the UK, EU and Internationally. Animals 9(3), 117. https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/3/117 McCulloch SP. (2019). Brexit and Animal Welfare Impact Assessment: analysis of the opportunities Brexit presents for animal protection in the UK, EU and internationally. Animals 9(11), 877. https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/11/877 Riley LM. (2019). Qualitative Behavioural Assessment and potential uses in veterinary practice. Intnl Animal Health J, 6(4), 16-19.  Rollin B. (2019).  Chapter 8. The meaning of animal welfare and its application to cattle. In Engle, Klingborg and Rollin (eds), The Welfare of Cattle. Boca Raton, FL, US: CRC Press. Rollin B. (2019). Animal welfare across the world. J Appl Animal Ethics 1(1), 146–170. Rollin B. (2019). The ethics of animal use in cancer research. In Bernicker E. (ed.). Cancer and Society: Multidisciplinary Assessment and Strategies. Berlin: Springer. Rollin B. (2019) Far more to sheep than meets the casual eye. Anim Sentience 25(7). 216. https://animalstudiesrepository.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1440&context=animsent Rollin B. (2019). Progress and absurdity in animal ethics. J Agric Env Ethics, 32(3), 391-400. Rose PE and Riley LM. (2919). The use of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment to zoo welfare measurement and animal husbandry change. J Zoo Aquarium Res, 7(4), 150-161. Rose PE, Brereton JE, Rowden LJ, …, Riley LM. (2019). What’s new from the zoo? An analysis of ten years of zoo-themed research output. Palgrave Comms, 5(1), 1-10.

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Additionally Prof. Rollin publishes a popular monthly column on veterinary ethics in the Canadian Veterinary Journal.

Student publications

Above: In May, MSc AWSEL students Carol Cook and Ruth Martin successfully published their essays in the 2019 (eighth) edition of the university’s student journal, Alfred (https://www.winchester.ac.uk/about-us/academic-excellence/learningand-teaching-development/alfred-journal/). Their essays were respectively, ‘Echolocation in bats (Chiroptera): making pictures from sound and the impact of anthropogenic noise’, and ‘Is racehorse welfare really the ‘overriding priority’ of the British Horseracing Authority?’ Only 22 essays were published from the entire R E S E N Tessays E D B Yfrom a single P R Eof P Awell RED B Y6,000 students. Two P University over successful Ophelia Joseph WIlliams programme is an outstanding result, that was achievedWiggins by only one other (much larger) Adam programme. Hames


Selected presentations Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

Clough D. (2019). Eating more peaceably: christianity and veganism. Annual Conference of the Society of Christian Ethics. Louisville, KY, US. Jan. [oral]. Hammerton R and Riley LM. (2019). Linking great ape keeper opinions with nutritional analysis: a case for collaboration. 21st BIAZA Research Committee Conference. Llandudno, Wales, UK. July. [poster]. Hammerton R, Hunt KA and Riley LM. (2019). Food for thought: what we feed captive great apes and keeper opinions on diet. Primate Society of Great Britain Spring meeting. Birchington-on-Sea, UK. April. [oral]. Knight A. (2019). Critically evaluating animal research. Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change. Munich, Germany: MĂźnchner Kompetenzzentrum Ethik (LMU). 14 Jun. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Hammerhead sharks and sea turtles: globetrotting adventures in animal welfare. VMX 2019: Veterinary Meeting and Expo. Orlando, FL, US. 23 Jan. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Humane teaching methods within veterinary and other biomedical education. Animal-Free Education Forum of Animalfree Research, Zurich. 31 Oct. [Invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Injuries in racing greyhounds. Dogs Trust, London. 22 May. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Plant-powered dog. Plant-powered dog summit [online]. 1219/03/19. https://www.plantpowereddogfoodsummit.com, accessed 06/04/19. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Plant-versus meat-based diets for companion animals. Couraveg. Paredes De Coura Vegetariana International Congress, Paredes De Coura, Portugal. 29 Sep. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Professional careers in animal advocacy. ProVeg Global Leadership Summit, Berlin. 23 Aug. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). The use of scientific data within animal research campaigns. ProVeg Global Leadership Summit, Berlin. 24 Aug. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Vegetarian versus meat-based diets for companion animals. VeggieWorld, Utrecht, Netherlands. 09 Mar. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Vegetarian versus meat-based diets for companion animals. Vegfest, Brighton, UK. 24 Mar. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Vegetarian versus meat-based diets for companion animals. Vegan Summerfest, Berlin. 25 Aug. [invited oral]. Knight A. (2019). Vegetarian- versus meat-based diets for companion animals. 5th Nordic Pet Food Conference, Porto, Portugal. 09 Oct. [invited oral].

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Lymbery P. (2019). [Speech]. 3rd World Conference on Farm Animal Welfare, Qingdao, China. 19 Sep. Where we are right now Lymbery P. (2019). [Speech]. River Cottage Festival, UK. 24 Aug. Lymbery P. (2019). Brexit for animals: big break or disaster? [Invited Town and Gown lecture]. University of Winchester. 03 Feb. Lymbery P. (2019). Ditcham Park School Earth Conference, UK. 10 Oct. [3 keynotes]. Lymbery P. (2019). Feeding the future. Feeding the Future, How To Academy, London. 11 Nov. Lymbery P. (2019). Healthy food for a sustainable planet - part 1. UN Environment Assembly (UNEA4), Nairobi. 09 Mar. [Keynote]. Lymbery P. (2019). Healthy food for a sustainable planet - part 2. UN Environment Assembly (UNEA4), Nairobi, 10 Mar. [Keynote]. Lymbery P. (2019). Lecture as part of the launch of the Pasture to Plate series of talks, with an interview by BBC’s Nick Higham. Oxford Literary Festival. 30 Mar. Lymbery P. (2019). Planetary crisis: why action is needed on all fronts. Population Matters Conference, London. 27 Apr. Lymbery P. (2019). Saving life on earth: feeding the world without trashing the planet. Nottingham Environment Conference. 24 Jun. Lymbery P. (2019). Saving life on earth: feeding the world without trashing the planet. Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust Wilder Conference, Winchester. 24 Oct. McCulloch SP. (2019). Brexit and animal welfare impact assessment: would British animals vote to leave the EU? Second Conference on Animal Law, Ethics and Policy. LJMU. Liverpool, UK. McCulloch SP. (2019). Making a difference for farmed animals in the EU - where to start? The New Political Term: What’s On the Horizon for Animals? Eurogroup for Animals. European Parliament, Brussels. McCulloch SP. (2019). The British animal health and welfare policy process: Animal welfare impact assessment and ethical analysis as reforms to account for the interests of sentient beings Second Conference on Animal Law, Ethics and Policy. LJMU. Liverpool, UK. Roe E and Riley LM. (2019). Can breeding behaviour and life history details predict the captive breeding success of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis)? A novel use for ZIMS Data. Our Primate Heritage, Our Primate Legacy, EFP/PSGB International Conference, Oxford, UK. [poster]. Sep. Roe E and Riley LM. (2019). Can breeding behaviour and life history details predict the captive breeding success of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis)? A novel use for ZIMS Data. 21st BIAZA Research Committee Conference, Llandudno, Wales. Jul. Roe E and Riley LM. (2019). Can breeding behaviour and life history details predict the captive breeding success of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis)? A novel use for ZIMS Data. Primate Society of Great Britain Spring meeting. Birchington-on-Sea, UK. Apr. Roe E and Riley LM. (2019). Constructing an ethogram for captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis). 21st BIAZA Research Committee Conference, Llandudno, Wales. Jul. [poster].

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

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Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

Rollin B. (2019). [speech]. 4th Annual Dairy Welfare Conference, Orlando, FL, US. [invited oral]. Rollin B. (2019). [speech]. National Engineering Conference, Colorado State U, Denver, CO, US. [invited keynote]. Whitaker A. (2019). A review of 100 forensic cases: recommendations for casework practices and research priorities. Royal Entomological Society South East Regional Meeting, UK. 09 Jan. Williams B, Hunt KA and Riley LM. (2019). The effect of ‘personal’ signs on visitor proconservation behaviours. 21st BIAZA Research Committee Conference, Llandudno, Wales. Jul. [poster]. Williams B, Hunt KA and Riley LM. (2019). The effects of ‘personal’ crowned sifaka (Propithecus coronatus) signs on visitor proconservation behaviour. Primate Society of Great Britain Spring meeting. Birchington-on-Sea, UK. Apr.

Additionally Prof. Clough spent over two months on speaking tours in North America, Australia, and New Zealand.


Where we are right now Selected awards

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

In January Prof. Knight received the Shomer Award 2019, from the (US) Society for Veterinary Medical Ethics. This award is bestowed upon an individual who has made a significant contribution to the field of veterinary medical ethics. In May MSc AWSEL student Emma Simmons won the CAW/CIWF Essay Competition 2019 for her essay ‘What does pregnant horses’ blood have to do with intensive farming?’ which described the intensive farming of pregnant mares to produce pregnant mares’ serum gonadotrophin (PMSG), which is used to stimulate and synchronise oestrus in intensively farmed sows, within days of giving birth. Her essay was published on the CIWF website at https://www.ciwf.org.uk/news/2019/06/winchester-winner.  In October four CAW team members received awards at the University graduations (front cover). This outstanding result was unprecedented. They were:  Andrew Knight - Values Award, for advancing animal welfare knowledge and education Natalie Light (animal behaviour lecturer within our BA AWS) - Chancellor’s Award, for her work creating an international students Arrivals Hub Carol Cook (MSc AWSEL student) - Community Engagement Award, for her work in helping Winchester become an accredited hedgehog-friendly campus Luke Gamble - Honorary Fellowship for services to animal welfare, as CEO and founder of Worldwide Veterinary Service and Mission Rabies  In December MSc AWSEL student Francesca Bandoli won the CAW/IFAW Essay Competition 2019 for her essay ‘Surviving in the Anthropocene: the study of animal cognitive abilities as a conservation tool?’ Her essay was publicised via the IFAW and CAW websites: https://www.ifaw.org/uk/journal/caw-partnership-2019-essay-winner and https://www.winchester.ac.uk/news-and-events/press-centre/media-articles/centrefor-animal-welfare-news-2020.php.


we are right now WhoWherewe are

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

The CAW comprises nine Winchester faculty and three Visiting Professors, who are all world leaders in their fields. We are also assisted by several other faculty.

Winchester Faculty

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Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

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Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

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Visiting Professors

Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

© @CIWF/RICHARD DUNWOODY

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Other faculty

Where we are right now

COMPANY HIGHLIGHTS

In 2019 we were also assisted by part-time lecturers Natalie Light (animal behaviour and welfare) and Paula Sparks (animal law), and by our External Advisor Prof. Peter Singer of Princeton University.


Profile for University of Winchester

Centre for Animal Welfare - Activity Report 2019  

Centre for Animal Welfare - Activity Report 2019  

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