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t e80£ Q VOL. 34, NO. 46

Friday, November 23, 1990

FALL RIVER, MASS.

FALL RIVER DIOCESAN'NEWSPAPER FOR SOUTHEAST MASSACHUSmS COD & THE ISLANDS . <

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Bishops reiterate antiwar stance Begin, end meeting with action on Iraq

SISTERS ARE PART of the rapt congregation at last Sunday's dedication of the newly renovated Church of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, New Bedford. Other pictures on page 8. (Lavoie photo)

----------------------------1 Fruitful relationship for pope, Gorbachev VATICAN CITY (CNS) Continuing their fruitful relationship, Pope John Paul II and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev discussed the Gulf crisis and the new Soviet freedom of conscience law during their Nov. 18 meeting at the Vatican. Vatican officials called the meeting a "continuation" of the two leaders' first meeting Dec. I, 1989. As he left the Vatican, Gorbachev told a Rome-based Soviet journalist, in Russian, that "the next meeting will be in our country. We agreed on that today." The Soviet leader and his wife, Raisa, arrived at the Vatican last Sunday, shortly after Pope John Paul called for a peaceful solution to the crisis in the Persian Gulf during his Sunday Angelus address. The pope prayed that God would "grant that humanity not know the horrors of another conflict." . Peace "is threatened" by the situation, he said. "May the Lord inspire in all the conviction of the necessity of sincerely seeking an honest and open dialogue," he said. A Vatican spokesman said the pope repeated to Gorbachev comments made during the Angelus talk. Gorbachev told reporters later that the U.N. embargo and international cooperation in opposing Iraqi President Saddam Hussein are "the right path" to peace in the region. Vatican officials have said that the pope would not go to the Soviet Union before 1992 because of necessary preparations, including the need for an accurate assessment of the condition of the Catholic Church there. The February exchange of diplomatic representatives and passage

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in early October of a Soviet law recognizing religious freedom were two steps seen as necessary conditions for a papal visit. Joaquin Navarro-Valls, the Vatican spokesman, described the meeting as "open and very cordial." The two leaders greeted each other with a double handshake, then exchanged gifts. Mrs. Gorbachev toured Rome with the wife of Italy's president after she and her husband g;lve the pope a .Leningrad porcelain vase with a picture of St. Peter's Basilica on it. The pope gave the Gorbachevs a cameo of the Virgin Mary framed on a red velvet background. On their way into the papal library for a 40-minute private meeting, Gorbachev suggested they speak "a little Russian, a little Pol-' ish, a little Ukrainian and Italian, if we are able." No matter what the future brings, the two leaders could look back with satisfaction on several promises kept during the past year. In the nearly 12 months' sincetheir historic first encounter, the Soviet Union has enacted a law to protect religious freedom, allowed the Ukrainian-rite church to come out from underground and welcomed a Vatican ambassador to Moscow. Events so far have rewarded the pope's decision to embrace Gorbachev as a serious reformer, one who can be trusted to deliver on his pledge to end more than 40 years of religious repression in his country. The clearest evidence of this, and the most significant step in the Vatican's judgment, was recent passage of the Soviet law on religion. Turn to Page II

WASHINGTON (CNS) - The V.S. bishops ended their fall meeting Nov. 15 as they had begun it _. with discussion ofthe Persian Gulf crisis and a call to resist war until all peaceful options are exhausted. "Clear moral criteria must be met to justify the use of military force," said a letter to President Bush from Archbishop Daniel E. Pilarczyk of Cincinnati, president of the National Conference. of Catholic Bishops and V .S. Catholic Conference. The letter, hand-delivered to the White House Nov. 15, reflected discussion of the Persian Gulf crisis by about 300 bishops in a closed-door session. "We are also concerned not only about the international consequences of possible war, but the domestic impact as well: the resources diverted, the human needs neglected, the potential political conflict and divisions within our society," the letter said. Their first vote at the Nov. 12-15 meeting had been to make their own a letter sent Nov. 7 to V.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker III by Los Angeles Archbishop Roger M. Mahony. He urged the U.S. government to avoid war with Iraq except as a last resort after exhausting all possibilities of a peaceful resolution. The Persian Gulf discussions· bracketed debate leading to approval of documents on such topics as substance abuse and sex education, Catholic schools and the 100th anniversary of the papal encyclical "Rerum Nov~rum," inclusive language and the SOOth anniversary of Christianity in the Americas. The only major action items defeated by the bishops were a proposal that would have authorized them to permit lay people to preside at a funeral liturgy if no priest is available and a recommendation to use a portion of the national collection for Latin America to meet pastoral needs of U.S. Hispanic Catholics. They sent back to their Committee on Pastoral Research and Practices a proposal to authorize that committee to grant imprimaturs for Scripture translations. The longest document considered by the bishops was a I85-page statement, "Human Sexuality: A Catholic Perspective for Education and Lifelong Learning." Its passage came only after debate including questions from some bishops on the church's credibility on artificial contraception, the proper pastoral approach to homosexuals and long-standing controversies between educators and some Catholic parents over sex education in schools. The schools document, titled "Statement of the V.S. Bishops in

Support of Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools," calls for more support from the bishops through fund raising and establishment of offices to help schools budget wisely and increase parental involvement. The substance abuse document, approved 221-3, calls for education and action at the family, church, community and public policy levels to combat chemical dependencies and help addicts to free themselves from their "slavery." The pastoral letter on the SOOth anniversary of Christianity in the Americas was approved after it was revised to reflect concerns of black bishops about praise of Bartolome de Las Casas - cited in the proposed pastoral as a "tireless defender of Indian rights" but also considered by some a father of the African slave trade. The revised document noted that "while for a time (Las Casas) advocated the practice of importing African peoples to replace the Indian slaves, he soon repented upon suffering profoupd moral anguish."

The 4I-page letter, "Heritage and Hope: Evangelization in America," sets out a new U.S. Catholic effort at evangelization as the centerpiece of the approaching 1992 quincentennial of Columbus' arrival in the Americas. The vote to approve was 213-6. Another pastoral message, "A Century of Social Teaching," summarizes basic social teachings of the church since Pope Leo XlII in 1891 issued the first papal social encyclical, "Rerum Novarum~" It passed 237-4. In other action at the meeting, the bishops: - Elected Cleveland Bishop Anthony M. Pilla as their treasurer and filled 14 committee posts. - Approved a $34.2 million 1991 budget. - Accepted a set of guidelines for publishers of catechetical materials to supplement existing catechetical directories and the forthcoming Vatican universal catechism. App,roved an optional na.rurn to Page II

BISHOP DANIEL A. Cronin and Archbishop Agostino Cacciavillan, apostolic pronuncio to the United States, chat at last week's bishops' meeting in Washington, top; bottom, the bishop studies notes at a business session. The interested observer is Rockville Centre, N.Y. Bishop John R: McGann. (Kearns photos)

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AMONG THOSE gathered at the Venus de Milo restaurant in Swansea Nov. 7 for the annual dinner-dance benefiting the Sisters of Mercy at Mt. St. Rita Health Center, Cumberland, RI, were, from left, Sisters of Mercy M. Ludivine Perry and Rose de Lima Clark of St. Vincent's Home for Children, Fall River; Bishop Daniel A. Cronin; Sister M. Denisita Sullivan, RSM, of Our Lady of Fatima parish, Swansea; and Msgr. John J. Oliveira. (Hickey photo)

Members Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

Siayings recalled at site SAN SALVADOR (CNS) - A year later, some 1,000 Salvadorans commemorated the 1989 slaying of six Jesuit priests and two women at an overnight vigil including torchlight processio_n through San Salvador and Mass. Singing, praying or watching videos on the priests' lives and deaths, they flocked to the Jesuitrun Central American V niversity campus in a night of grief and celebration for the slain priests, their housekeeper and her teenage daughter. Some gathered at the university chapel to pray by a solitary candle burning at the victims' tombs. Others listened and sang along with folksingers and peasant bands for much of the night. The eight were shot to death before dawn Nov. 16, 1989, during an offensive by leftist guerrillas. An army colonel and seven members of a V.S.-trained counterinsurgency battalion are awaiting trial-for the killings. A ninth soldier charged in the case has fled the countrv. -- - Many who attended came from peasant communities across the country. Some slept stretched on

"This is where God wants me. "

Sister Mary Clare Age: 39 Native of: Larned, Kansas Interests: Music, oil painting and crafts.

Obituaries Sister Perron

"From growing up on alarm in Kansas . .. to working as an LPNin Salt Lake City, Galveston, and Ketchikan, Alaska -. .. to entering religious life. It was an interesting journey. It led me to a truly awesome life commitment. ..

DOMINICAN SISTERS OF HAWTHORNE A religious community of Catholic women with seven modern nursing facilities in six states. Our one apostolate is to nurse incurable cancer patients. This work is a practical fulfillment of our faith. The most imponant talent, highly prized by us, is the talent for sharing of yourself- your compassion, your cheerfulness, your faith - with those who have been made so vulnerable and dependent by this dread disease. Not all of our sisters are nurses, but as pan of our apostolate, aU directly help in the care of the patients. If you think you have a religious vocation and would like to know more about our work and community life, why not plan to visit with us. We would be happy to share with you a day from our lives.

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The Mass of Christian Burial was celebrated Tuesday at Blessed Sacrament Convent, Fall River, for Sister of St. Joseph Marie Perron, 78, who died Nov. 15 at Mt. Marie Convent, Holyoke. A native of Fall River, she had resided at the Holyoke convent since her retirement in 1986. The daughter of the late Patrice and the late Ledea (Guay) Perron; she was a graduate of St. Anne's School and as a youth was a member ofSt. Jean Baptiste parish. A member of the Sisters of St. Joseph for 59 years, she took the name Sister Charles Joseph when she professed her vows. During her active ministry she was a homemaker and sacristan at St. JeanBaptiste, St. Mathieu, St. Roch, St. Michael and Blessed Sacrament parishes in Fall River and at St. Louis de France parish, Swansea. - Survivors are three sisters, Roseanna Desmarais, Emma Medeiros and Justine Bamford, all of Fall River, and nieces and nephews.

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the grass or on top of their marching banners that called for "punishment for the murderers." At 2:30 a.m., the approximate hour of the killings, some 30 people gathered in silence at the spot where four of the priests were found shot in the head. Admirers of the slain priests say they were intellectuals who worked for a peaceful end to EI Salvador's bloody II-year civil war and the deep-rooted inequalities they saw as its cause. Rightist detractors charge they were the brains behind the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front guerrilla movement. The Mass and march - organized by labor, grassroots and religious groups - capped several days of ceremonies marking the deaths. A delegation of V.S. bishops traveled to San Salvador for the ceremonies. Top Jesuits, human rights groups and a V .S. congressional task force following the case have accused the Salvadoran military of covering up the possible involvement of senior army officers in the killings, a charge the military denies.

Bishop Daniel A. Cronin presided and Father Ralph D. Tetrault

was principal celebrant at the funeral Mass Tuesday for his father, Norman G. Tetrault, 73, who died on Sunday. He had been a lifelong member of Holy Name Church, New Bedford, where the funeral Mass was celebrated. Tetrault was the husband ofthe late Mary J. (Langford) Tetrault. Born in New Bedford, he was the son of the late Adelard and the late Rose (paquette) Tetrault. He. was a U.S. Navy veteran of World War II and worked as a loo~fixer at Berkshire Hathaway Company until he retired in 1979. Survivors, in addition to Father Tetrault, pastor of St. Mary's Church, North Attleboro, are four sons, Norman G., Wayne, and Paul T. Tetrault, all of New Bedford, and Gregory-J. Tetrault of Westport; five daughters, Susan Bryan-Royster of Gloucester, Nancy Lavoie of Little Compton, R I, Pamela V. Cabral of New Bedford, Maryann DeMelo of Dartmouth, and Valerie Fogarty of Worcester; two brothers, George Tetrault of Rhode Island and Aime Tetrault of Alabama; a sister, Gertrude Selig of Wareham; 20 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

DUBLlN,lreland(CNS) - The secretary of an Irish Catholic agency on emmigration has welcomed a new V.S. immigration law which would enable 48,000 Irish to emigrate to the V nited States over the next three years and legalizes the status of thousands more already in America. The official, Father John Gavin ofthe Irish Episcopal Commission for Emigrants, also said that the commission will consider establishing a Chicago chaplaincy to minister to young Irish immigrants. Father Gavin said that under provisions of the bill, prospective emigres would need job offers from American employers. He said the measure should enable many of the estimated 50,000 illegal or undocumented Irish immigrants in the V nited States to be legalized. Recession and unemployment in the Repu blic of Ireland in recent years have pushed young Irish into seeking work abroad. Thousands have come to the _U nited States on tourist visas with the intention of finding work illegally and have melted into Irish-American neighborhoods on the East Coast and other places in the country. Father Gavin said his commission has provided four priests and a sister to serve young Irish in Boston and is sending another priest there and has also sent priests to New York City, Brooklyn and Philidelphia. . Bishop Michael Murphy of Cork, who recently visited Boston, said it was depressing to meet entire lami1ies who had entered the U.S. without work permits because of Ireland's high unemployment. "Like the Mexican (migrant laborersl, the Irish are spreading out across America in search of jobs which are becoming increasingly elusive," he said, adding that the U.S. Catholic Church is the only body which ~ould act as a cohesive force for immigrants and protect their legitimate rights.

Application day set for diocesan highs The four Fall River diocesan Catholic high schools will accept applicants and administer placement exams Dec. I. Students wishing to enter Bishop Feehan, Attleboro; Bishop Connolly, Fall River; Bishop Stang, North Dartmouth; or Coyle-Cassidy, Taunton, in September should report to the school of their choice at 7:45 a.m. that day. . The examination and application process will last until approximately noon. There will be a $10 fee, payable at the time of application. Students need not bring any school records with them, nor need they be accompanied by a parent. Complete information on courses, activities, financial aid and scholarships will be available. 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 THE ANCHOR (USPS-S4S-020). Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after Christmas at 887 Highland Avenue. Fall River, Mass. 02720 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail. postpaid $11.00 per year. Postmasters send address changes to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River. MA 02722.


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DON HOUDE THEY LOOK SERIOUS but the U.S. bishops also had time while in Washington to worry about both the fit of their episcopal vestments and their personal fitness. (Kearns photo)

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Behind scenes at bishops' meeting committee cha~ged with writing a proposed pastoral letter on Healthy Mind in Healthy Body women's concerns said the sympoEven when bishops work, they sium was designed to provide rework out. Before or in between sources for diocesan commissions sessions of their fall meeting in on women. Speakers include Washington, some bishops traded Bishop Matthew H. Clark of clerical garb for sports attire to get Rochester, N.Y., members of some exercise as part of their fitdiocesan commissions on women; ness regimen. and Sidney Callahan, associate "You'll find that many of us are professor of psychology at Mercy good stewards of our bodies," said College of Detroit. Auxiliary Bishop Dale J. Melczek The bishop also said the women's of Detroit, an avid runner and pastoral writing committee would racquetball player. "Y ou see few overweight bish- . meet in January to review comments on the pastoral and prepare ops," he added. a revised draft. The document had Racquetball players include been scheduled for consideration Bishop Daniel M. Buechlein of at last week's meeting but was Memphis, Tenn.; Boston Auxilwithdrawn because the Vatican iary Bishop Robert J. Banks, who asked the bishops to consult first· will soon be installed as bishop of with other bishops~ conferences.. Green Bay, Wis.; and ,AuxiliarY • ~. .;l~.:'. * * * Bishops Robert F. Morneau~f Green Bay and Wilton D. Gregory The Well-Dressed Bishop' of Chicago. Amongt+le'finhs andorganizaTennis players include Bishop tions that ~how up at the bishops' Walter F. Sullivan of Richmond, meeting and invite the bishops to Va., and Auxiliary Bishops Walter their hotel suites are vestment J. Schoenherr and Thomas J. Gummakers. bleton of Detroit. Bishop James P. Keleher of BelRunners include Fall River leville, Ill., said durability of vestnative Bishop Joseph P. Delaney ments was very important to him. of Ft. Worth, Tex., Bishop John "With a confirmation night after G. Vlazny of Winona, Minn., and night, they've got to hold up," he Auxiliary Bishop John H. Ricard explained. of Baltimore. Bishop Keleher said that for his, "I got up at 5 a.m. and ran five episcopal ordination six years ago, or six miles," said Galveston"my buddy Tom Murphy [Seattle Houston Auxiliary Bishop Curtis Coadjutor An;hbishop Thomas J. Guillory. Murphy) gave me a ·set of vestDetroit Auxiliary Bishop WaIments. I've worn them 500 times ter J. Schoenherr, 70, said he took up tennis 15 years ago, plays once and they're holding up beautifully." Wools and silks are. the fabrics a week at 7 a.m., walks regularly of choice, said Dan Stutte of and does aerobics. Catholic Supply Co. of St. Louis. • Materials used in vestments of a "Wisdom of Women" generation· ago, he said, were The U.S. bishops' Committee on Women in Society and in the . "heavier and stiffer. 'They were not Church wiil :sponsor 'a national as soft and flowi.ng" as .those of today. Stutte mentioned in particsymposium on "The Wisdom of ular the "fiddleb.ack;' the;vertical Women" Nov. 19-Dec. 1 in Arlington; Va.' . . . . line' of a crucifix that ran the Bishop JosephL: Imesch ·of length of older chasubles, as being a main cause of their stiffness. Joliet, 111., chairman of the ~:d ho~ By Catholic News Service

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Bishop Keleher agrees. "There's more color" in today's vestments to contribute to "the overall ambience" of a celebration. "The colors of what we used to wear in the old days were dull," he added. The price for a complete set 01 vestments could sock the wallet of a new bishop, Stutte said, noting that "a nice vestment and miter" could cost from $650 to $3,000. As for vestment care, Stutte said, "a good dry cleaner will not have a problem. If they take it to a corner laundromat, they might have a problem."

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4 THE ANCHOR -

Diocese of Fall River - Fri.; Nov. 23, 1990--

themoorin~ Post-Thanksgiving Thoughts ,

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These days Americans seem to be spending much time grumbling and complaining. If it's not the price of oil, it's foreclosures on property. More and more workers are afraid of losing their jobs or being cut back on hours. Our schools are not educating young people able to fit into the marketplace. High taxes are curtailing lifestyles and the stock market is floundering. Then, of course, there is the whole mess in the Middle East. Everyone hopes it will not come to war, but the outlook is grim, while Operation Desert Shield has already taken its toll on uncounted separated families. Everything is contributing to an atmosphere of uncertainty and confusion; yet, despite our dilemmas, we as a nation have much for which to be thankful. Indeed, the events of the times should be a catalyst to help us shake off the lethargy and complacency that have permeated American life for the past decade. Desire for the so-called good life has led many to believe that the nation's goal should be to help everyone live in the fast lane. And over the years millions of Americans achieved that goal. From Wall Street yuppies to union high'rollers, the word was out to seize the day and squeeze everything possible from life. Give nothing, just take and consume. Even the early jitters of Wall Street did little to hold down the impulse to spend and extend. The attention that citizens and government alike should have devoted to achievement of financial stability was swept aside by the tides of avarice. Today many individuals and states are broke. Even the federal government has found out that deficit spending has a price tag. It's called taxes. The final jolt to all, of course, has been the sudden entry of America into the affairs of greedy . Middle East dictators. Yet we have hope, a hope based on faith. This is what brought us together yesterday to give thanks. Our celebration took on added meaning this year as we joined our hearts with our hopes and as we truly realized that people are more important than things' and that family and friendship cannot be bought. So often we forget the opportunities we have in this country. We have so much to live for and so much to give. This should fuel our holiday spirit. It's when we propose and accept shortsighted goals for our lives that we as a people fail. Only when' we come together and have the will to be generous do we really succeed. For too long we have wandered a way from our greatness as we fawned on fakers and takers. The consequences are obvious. As we rejoice with family and friends in this holiday season, may we do so with the firm conviction that there is nothing wrong with America that we are not capable of remedying and healing. It is our self-confidence that has made us a beacon of hope for the nations of the world. Now it is time to revive that hope for ourselves. We need to reach out and lift up, not to pull in and put down. The Thanksgiving season is a wonderful time to start this process in our families, our communities and our nation. Given a positive and determined spirit, our doubts should diminish and our dreams should be fulfilled. The Editor

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"Give us this day our daily bread." Lk. 11:3

Catholics still not color blind WA~HINGTON (CNS) Eleven years after the U.S. bishops issued a pastoral letter on racism, black Catholics say that their white peers are far from color blind. Blacks in America have come "light years" from the times of slavery, but genuine friendships between blacks and whites are scarce and race relations on a downswing, they said in interviews with Catholic News Service. In their pastoral letter, titled "Brothers and Sisters to Us, A Pastoral Letter on Racism in Our Day," the bishops said "racism is a sin - a sin that divides the human family, blots out the image of God among specific members of that family and violates the fundamental human dignity of those called to be children of the same father." The letter was approved by the U.S. bishops in November 1979. Election of the nation's first black governor in Virginia and a, black mayor of New York are positive gains for blacks, said Ronald White, health and welfare specialist in the U.S. Catholic Conference's Office of Domestic Social Development. But he warns against jumping to the conclusion that the vote tallies mean race relations are no longer a problem. The real test is whites' response to the average black man and woman they come in contact with daily, maintains White, a black Catholic raised in Georgia whose wife is white. Sharon Skinner, a black Catholic who lives in Milwaukee where she remembers participating in ciyil rights marches as a Catholic elementary school student in the 1960s, said in a telephone interview that her daily contacts with whites remind her society is not color blind. "You go to the grocery store and the clerk will say 'good morning' to the two people in front of you . . . and she gets to_you and throws

the change at you," commented Ms. Skinner. As a child, she said,-she and others in the neighborhodd were taught "we could be anything we wanted to be, that we could be president if we wanted." She remembers her parents talking about the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and about equality and black pride. "Something was astir," she said. But times have changed. "It's been a big disappointment," said Ms. Skinner. "It was a lie. People will impede you. Prejudice and discrimination are there both on the job and in education." Auxiliary Bishop Carl A. Fisher of Los Angeles told Catholic News Service that "discrimination is very much alive and well in America," adding however that no one can deny blacks have "come light years in America since the bitter experience of slavery." Bishop Fisher, a native of Mississippi and one of the nation's 13 black bishops, said that during visits to parishes in the archdioct;se of Los Angeles he invites himself to Catholics' homes for dinner in an attempt to get to know them. He said he is frequently told by white Catholics that he is the first black person to visit their homes. "Here in the greater Los Angeles area, African-Americans are the

praye~BOX Pardon Yrayer My God! I believe, I adore, I hope and I love You! I beg pardon of You for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not hope and do not love You. Amen.

only group that has not been able to become integrated into white neighborhoods," he said, noting that Hispanics and Asians have' more easily blended in. The bishop said he personally feels the effects of overt racism more now than he did five years ago, citing poor treatment at ex: pensive restaurants and an instance in which a previously enthusiastic parish director of religious education rejected him as a retreat leader once she met him in person. "The graffiti on bathroom walls is mo're racist," he added, noting "that's usually where people pour out their guts." There's "a whole lot more tension in the air," said White. "White society believes that something's wrong with our morais, that we don't raise our children right, that we're inferior," he feels. His hopes for change, he said, stem from the fact that "kids in integrated schools tend to count race as less of a factor in developing friendships" than their parents do. Jesuit Father Joseph Fichter, a sociology professor and expert in race relations at Loyola University in New Orleans, said outbreaks of racial violence in the Bensonhurst neighborhood of Brooklyn, N.Y., and a Labor Day riot in Virginia Beach, Va., show that "real racial hatred" still exists. But, he maintains, a growing number of whites and white institutions are beginning to cooperate with blacks and the achievements of blacks on Wall Street, in government and at universities since the 1950s have been of "enormous importance. " White, however, recalled that it wasn't so long ago that he attended segregated schools in the South and that blacks like his father, who were skilled tradesmen, were refused employment except as dishwashers or cleaners.


Son is failing school Dear Dr. Kenny: Our 17-yearold son is failing school and refuses help. I have enclosed his progress reports. They all report failing performance and are filled with comments such as: "He has not coinpleted an assignment, quiz or test since the quarter began. He is putting absolutely no effort into the class." "He is failing because he .has chosen not to do any classroom work." He has had a complete medical exam. He is unmotivated and lazy. On the plus side, he is a nice sensitive kid and helps at home. To make a long story short, we have tried everything over the years rewards, punishment, bribery, consequences and therapy. This past year he has done nothing and we have given up. We love our son and are desperate. Our other children all are doing well. Is it too late to help our son? Any suggestions? (Wisconsin) Your letter and the progress notes you sent make it clear that your son is not now motivated for school. He does not do any assignments. He is failing every subject. Clearly, your son needs to mature. to grow up. Yet, no lecture that I know is likely to change his relaxed attitude. He needs to attend that school with the highest tuition and the hardest courses of all. It is called life. The time has come for your son to meet the real world. He is 17. In one year he will be a legal adult. School is not the only route to selfsufficiency and success. He needs to find a jQb. Telling him to do so, however, may have no more impact than telling him to improve in school. . Let him drop out of school.

I

1] By Dr. JAMES & MARY KENNY Continue to provide room and board, but no more. That means no car, no additional clothes, no allowance for tapes or treats or nights out. So long as you refuse to subsidize him, he will learn, like many others before him, to provide for himself. He may learn a beginning job skill. He may enter a job training program. He may even return to his studies to get his general equivalency diploma. All you have to do is hold the line. Money, orthe lack of it, can be a great motivator. Don't spoil this powerful motivation by giving him funds, thus enabling him to continue a do-nothing lifestyle. Your son may turn out to do very well. He may simply be one of those people who does not fit in' school, at least not now. For heaven's sake, don't give up on him. It is not too late to help your son. Quit trying to force school achievement. It is not working. Instead, let him learn on his own Make sure that he is motivated, not by any more lectures, but by your refusing to underwrite any extras. Give-him room and;board because he is your son and he has not yet reached adulthood. The rest is up to him. Reader questions on family living and child care to be answered in print are invited by The Kennys, 219 W. Harrison St., Rensselaer, IN 47978.

Conferen~e looks

at young adult ministry in church

CHICAGO (CNS) - The relationship of young adults to the Catholic Church today is shaped by the fact that they were raised by a "generation in transition" from the pre-Vatican II model, sociologist William Mc Cready told a Chicago conference on young adult ministry. "The malaise comes from having been raised by people who thought an institution could instill values," he told· some 300 campus ministers, vocation directors and religious superiors at a recent "ReGenerating Catholicism" conference. McCready is associate director of Northern Illinois University's public opinion laboratory and· professor of sociology there as well as senior research assistant at the Center for Urban Researclr and Policy Studies at the University of Chicago. Redemptorist Father Mike. McAndrew, a Midwest coordinator for Redemptorist Voung Adult Ministry, said the affluence of American culture keeps young adul~ out of church. He said the blacks and Hispanics he works with are more receptive to the Gospel than suburban whites. "They're dealing with' everyday life issues," he said.

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The Catholic Church has the highest percentage of 18- to 34year-olds of any religious group in America, according to Jesuit Father John Coleman, a professor of religion and society at the Jesuit School of Theology in Berkeley, Calif. . His findings were presented in the Sept. 14 issue of Commonweal magazine, which carried a special section on young adults as a prelude to the October conference. Father Coleman also cited a study by Robert Wuthnow showing Catholics are significantly less likely to leave the church than Protestants. But other statistics cited by th~ Jesuit showed that only 37 percent of Catholics 18 to 29 years old say the church is an important part of their lives, compared to 45 percent of those 30 to 54 years old and 66 percent of those 55 or older. In addition, he said, 29 percent of young adult Catholics attend Mass weekly compared to 43 percent of 30- to 54-year-olds and 63 percent of those over 55.

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6

The Anchor Friday, Nov. 23, 1990

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FATHER

JOHN J. DIETZEN

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Communion for divorced and remarried· Catholics? would clarify this in a future column. (Indiana)

By

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A. While the column you mention dealt primarily with administering anointing of the sick, my quote concerning Canon 915 could be interpreted in a way contrary to the present discipline of the church about communion for divorced and remarried Catholics.

I quoted the commentary of the Canon Law Society of America Q. Since your column about which notes, in connection with "benefit of the doubt" for anoint. Canon 915, that, while anyone ing ofthe sick ran in our paper, my actually excommunicated or separatjob as priest hospital chaplain has ed formally from communion with • become more difficult. the church is clearly separated While you quoted from the from the communion table, "other revised Code of Canon Law con- categories of manifest and grave cerning divorced and remarried sins are not so easily discernible. Catholics, you ignored the words of Pope John Paul II in his exhor- The minister cannot assume, for example, that the sin of public tation on the family concerning concubinage arising from divorce and remarriage is always grave in the sacrament of the Eucharist. I think it would be helpful if you the internal form.'

Any prudent doubt, they continue, about either the gravity or the public nature of the sin should be resolved in favor of the person who approaches the sacrament. While this observation throws helpful light on canonical norms for administering the anointing of the sick (Canon 1007), I Should have noted for the sake of avoiding misunderstanding that for ministering the sacrament of the Eucharist the position in place for the Catholic Church remains the one enunciated by Pope John Paul 1\ in his 1981 encyclical on the family: "The church reaffirms her practice, which is based on sacred Scri.pture, of not admitting to eucharistic communion divorced persons who have remarried. They are unable to be admitted thereto from the fact that their state and condition of life objectively contradict that union of love between Christ and the church which is sig-

nified and effected by the Eucharist" (N. 84). Q. I have found the information you give on annulments very helpful. Does tribunal policy differ from state to state or does one law cover aU? (Maryland) A. All Latin-rite diocesan tribunals are governed by the same canon laws concerning validity or invalidity of marriages. Precisely how these laws are interpreted and applied in practice, however, will easily differ to some degrees from place to place. Canon law says, for example, that a marriage is invalid (in other words, could be annulled) if one or both partners "suffer from grave lack of discretion of judgement concerning essential matrimonial rights and duties which are to be mutually given and accepted" (c. 1095); or if one of the partners is under some force of fear so grave that he or she chooses to be mar-

ried simply to be free of that fear (c. 1103). Obviol\sly',judging whether one of these conditions is present is almost never a black-and-white decision. The process involves weighing numerous emotional and other intangible factors. Therefore, some tribunal personnel, consulting psychologists, bishops and other responsible persons will approach these judgments more narrowly or more broadly than will others. Tribunals will inevitably differ to some degree in their interpretation, but all are required to adhere to the same Catholic legislation. A free brochure explaining Cath,J otic teaching and practice on annulments is available by sending a stamped, self-addressed envelope to Father John Dietzen, Holy Trinity Parish, 704 N. Main St., Bloomington, III. 61701. Questions for this column should be sent to him at the same address.

Reflections on overcoming the pain of loneliness By ANTOINETTE

BOSCO

A friend of mine is in her 50s, a Catholic, divorced and for the first time alone after raising four children. She calls me to talk about the pain she is feeling. She fi~ds herself wandering from room to room at times, disoriented, unable to · cope withihe quiet. She sees an endless stream of bleak, boring, lonely days in front of her. She

By FATHER · EUGENE HEMRICK

Anthropologists, sociologists,' historians and theologians met at The Catholic University of America Nov. 2 to begin a study of Catholic culture in America's South. Do Catholics in the South approach their faith and give witness to it any differently than do Catholics in the North? Do southern CathQlics approach involvement in the social and political

asks me, "How can I face the rest of my life alone?" The answer of course is that she cannot. Noone Clln. Each of us needs relationships, commitments,' interactions, friendships and c1ose'ness with others. Without relationships, life is sterile and we put our.selves in danger of pathological loneliness. The need for relationships is universal and the challenge of finding them must be met not only by divorced persons, but also . the widowed, the young, the old and, yes, t:,ven the married..; Hut what the. divorced Catholic - for whom remarriage seems out of the question unless an annulment is granted - must face honestly is whether relationships other

than marriage will be enough to get one through life happily. I have great empathy for my friend because I have faced loneliness too. But I learned that this pain can actually be an opportunity to make a conscious choice to become capable of standing alone and taking responsibility for our lives, buttressed' by the support of the church to help us find meaning in life. I learned that when I asked how I could live the rest of my life alone I was really expre~sing one of t~o things. First is the false belief that someone else can take loneliness away from us. Second is a plea for help in coping with loneliness. Where I found help was through

people, work, prayer, reading and reflection. I remember these lines trom a book called "Loneliness" by Clark Moustakas: "Loneliness has a quality of immediacy and depth. It is a significant experience - one of the few in modern life - in which man communes with himself. And in such communion man comes to grips with his own being. He discovers life, who he is, what he really wants, the meaning of his existance, the true nature of his relations with others" "At first the expe(il:nce of loneliness may be frightening,' even terrifying, but as one submits to the pain and suffering and solitude, one actually reaches himself, listens to the inner voice and experiences

a strange new confidence. The individual is restored to himself and rife again becomes meaningful. and worthwhile." Of course, loneliness hits all of us at times - simply because we are human. We can brood about it like a: child, feeling sorry for ourselves. Or, we can accept loneliness as God's way of asking us to grow toward him - finding meaning in life by being committed to work and causes we believe in; accepting life with its sufferings as a way to a ;fuller realization of our capacity to be bonded to others, to nature and to the very source of life; expanding our circle of loved ones; and staying conscious always of the wonder of living.

Study to offer glimpse of southern Catholiccultu,re realms from a unique perspective? you observe? The Catholic church And how do southern Catholics would undoubtedly catch the eye both resemble and differ from their in many ways - with stained-glass Protestant neighbors? windows, statues, paintings, banYou' might wonder whether a ners and colorful vestments. study focused on questions like But the Baptist church would that will be anything to get excited tend to be much less oriented to about. But I believe it will amount the eye. Why? Because the Baptist to much more than a matter of view is that the reason for being in curiosity. It will put us in a posi- church is to hear the word of God. tion to relish Catholic culture in' Does that mean hearing the word the South. of God isn't essential for CatholThis research will aid the church's ics? No, but the way this reality is work of evangelization and cast emphasized through architecture light on ecumenical relations in is different - and this can lead to the South. The training of future misunderstandings, misperceppriests in the South also stands to tions. benefit. When a homily is given in a If you were to visit a Baptist black Catholic church or Baptist church and a Catholic church in church.in the South, the congregathe South, what differences would tion is prone to voice affirmation

for what is said. The congregation may echo its amen throughout the homily. Catholic preaching tends to be guided by an approach that reflects a certain logic and assumes listeners are moved primarily by good ideas and doctrine. A good Baptist preacher, however, attempts to get listeners to enter totally into the feeling of what is said. These and other observations were discussed at the meeting held to plan the new study of Catholicism in the South. They offer a hint of some of this project's avenues of approach. but do they give any reason to think a year or two of research work is warrented? I believe the advantages of research often are understated.

There' are some added incentivesfor undertaking this study, beyond the sheer knowledge gained as the end result. Research leads to interaction with our environment, analysis and appreciation of it. Looking for what is unique, special, out-of-the ordinary in our environment keeps us actively involved with it. Research has a way of moving us out of the posture of the passive bystander. Having come to relish 'our environment,. we are able to participate more actively in it, to relate more fully to it, to celebrate _ it. A study of how this is so should help the church to serve this unique 'region's needs in uniquely appropriate ways.

Here's how to head off holiday havoc By

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And every year after Christmas we:. shake our heads and ask ourselves DOLORES what happel1ed. . . . We receive cards showing peo-. pie sitting around fireplaces or . CURRAN strolling in. the snow and we get· pangs of nostalgia for ~he holiday' we can't seem to achieve. We find ourselves running to get our cards. written, homes clean and deco~ rated for visitors, cookies baked, Every year aroUlld this time we say it: this year we are going to . gifts' bought and wrapped, kids outfitted and' parties over with. slow downa'nd enjoy Christmas.

"Get it over with," seems to be the driving impulse rather than "Enjoy.it." .Yet, some. people and. families' do manage to enjoy the holidays. In a survey of such people laSt ," year, researcher-sround a remarkable agreement among· them in holiday attitudes. They have lower expectations than others. They. don't try to make a production out· of Christmas iind are more· willing to abandon duties and traditions

that interfere with enjoyment. : They entertain and party less, 56 percent responding that trying to entertain at holi~ay time adds too much stress to an already overloaded system. .: . They write fewer Christmas cards, sending only to'those who are near and dear or live far away. They shQP early,. before the holiday mobs. Many 'shop throughout the year, buying gifts while on vacation or at sales.

Many - 43 percent - shop from catalogs and 35 percent give money or gift certificates. They don't seem to be so concerned as . the high'ly-stres.sed in getting the 'just. right' gift. "It's not that important to me," one remarked. "The idea is that you remember someone, not read their minds." Families who enjoy Christmas also party, visit, and decorate less than families with pressure from· trying to do it all.


Belfast bishop, new Irish primate

Letters are welcomed but the editor reserves the right to condense or edit, if deemed necessary. All letters must be signed and include 8 home or business address. They do not necessarily express the editorial views of The Anchor.

OK to read Bible Dear Editor: From time to time it has been said that the Catholic Church did not approve of Catholics reading the Bible, believing that it is only recently that the Church has encouraged Catholics to read the Bible. However, in 1898, Pope Leo XIII encouraged Scripture reading among all Catholics, not just the clergy. In 1920, Pope Benedict XV wrote that his "one desire" was for all the Church's children to be saturated with the Bible and arrive at the all-surpassing knowledge of Jesus Christ. In 1943 Pope Pius XII emphasized the benefits of personal Scripture reading. During one of our Blessed Mother's alleged appearances in Medjugorje, March 17, 1989, she said "Read the Bible every day." . Genevieve E. Foley New Bedford

Gift of prayer Dear Editor: Recently a friend and I discussed how we mothers are repeatedly tested and worry about our children, families and friends. Later, as I thought over our conversation I realized that even frightening exp'eriences can bring about greater devotion and love for God. Through prayer we gain greater insight and peace.

Peter's Pence must revert to poor says Card. Krol WASHINGTON (CNS) - At their Washington meeting, CardinalJohn J. Krol made a plea to the U.S. bishops for more money for the Vatican budget. "We still need money. The Peter's Pence money must go back to [the pope) for the needs of the poor," said the 80-year-old cardinal. Apologizing for his cracking voice, he almost completely ignored his prepared text in his plea to reverse the chronic Vatican deficits of recent years. The cardinal, who retired as archbishop of Philadelphia in 1988, has devoted much of the past three years to establishing a special U.S. papal foundation. The principal is invested and the interest goes to the Vatican to help meet annual expenses. Cardinal Krol said the most recent Vatican figures, for 1989, showed "some black ink" for the first time in a decade. "But the only reason," he said, "is that they keep taking away Peter's Pence, which was originally intended for the pope's use for taking care of the poor." When yearly Vatican deficits began in the 1970s, he said, "they started taking a little from Peter's Pence, then more and more, and then all of it" to payoff the deficit. The deficits "must be covered by alternate sources," he said, and Peter's Pence "must go back where it belongs."

Later, I asked another friend for prayers for a particularly distraught family. I asked her to "add them to her list." She said "I guess we all have our prayer lists." To me the kindest and most meaningful gift one can bestow on anyone is prayer. In petitions for others we lose ourselves and think of others' needs first. Jean Quigley Rehoboth

A ccurate reflection Dear Editor: On behalf of the staff of our office, I would like to thank you for the wonderful coverage of our second Diocesan Youth Convention in The Anchor of November 2. The in-depth reporting and several pictures made for an accurate reflection of the day! Edna Legan Donoghue Associate Director for Youth Ministry

Daily Readings Nov. 26: Rv 14:1-3,4-5; Ps 24:1-6; Lk 21:1-4 Nov. 27: Rv 14:14-19; Ps96:10-13; Lk21:5-11 Nov. 28: Rv 15:1-4; Ps 98:1-3,7-9; Lk21:12-19 Nov. 29: Rv 18:1-2,2123; 1,9:;1-3,9; Ps 100:25; Lk 21:20-28 Nov. 30: Rom 10:9-18; Ps 19:2-5; Mt 4: 18-22 Dec. 1: Rv ww:1-7; Ps 95:1-7; Lk 21:34-36 Dec. 2: Is 63:16-17,19; 64:2-7; Ps 80:2-3,1516, 18-19; 1 Cor 1:3-9; Mk 13:33-37

Best-selling hymnal ATLANTA (CNS)-"Lead Me, Guide Me," an African-American Catholic hymnal published in 1986, has passed the 100,000 mark in sales and is now in its sixth printing, says Bishop James P. Lyke, apostolic administrator for the Atlanta archdiocese and chair of the committee of black liturgists and musicians that assembled the book.

m

laSalette

VATICAN CITY (CNS) - Pope John Paul II has named an outspoken critic of Irish sectarian violence, Bishop Cahal B. Daly, 73, as the new archbishop of Armagh. The head of the Armagh archdiocese is considered the primate of all Ireland, both the republic and British-ruled Northern Ireland. The archdiocese straddles the border of the two. Archbishop Daly, who is two years short of the traditional retirement age, has led the diocese of Down and Connor, which includes the troubled city of Belfast, since 1982. He has been a critic of both Catholic and Protestan't violence in the continuing fight over British rule in Northern Ireland. The conflict in Northern Ireland is predominantly "a series of dirty murders 'of noncombatant civilians," he said while presiding over the Aug. 2 funeral of a Catholic shot by the Ulster Freedom Fighters, a Protestant group favoring British rule. Speaking in Washington in December 1989, Bishop Daly said the Irish Republican Army, a Catholic group opposed to British rule, hurts Catholic opportunity more than it harms Britain. "There is no injustice that cannot be redressed by nonviolent means" in Northern Ireland, he said.

Missioners ruined African culture says bishop ., CINCINNATI (CNS)- Bishop Peter K. Sarpong of Kumasi, Ghana, president of the Ghana bishops' conference, said missionaries to Africa did much good, but as a result of European attitudes "our culture was destroyed." "We cannot continue to worship as if we are Europeans," he said at a recent symposium in Cincinnati commemorating the Second Black Catholic Lay Congress, held in the city 100 years ago. "We have a historical heritage; too long we have let ourselves be the poor relations," said Benedictine Father Cyprian Davis at the symposium. Bishop Sarpong said that in Africa, Christianity is identified with colonialism. European missionaries and colonists felt their way was superior in all areas, and Africans were told over and over that the their way was inferior, he said. The symposium honored Daniel Rudd, who led the 1890 black Catholic congress.

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"ADVENT LESSONS AND CAROLS" A VERY FITTING WAY TO PREPARE OURSELVES FOR A FRUITFUL ADVENT AND A JOYOUS CHRISTMAS CELEBRATION. Everyone Is Welcome. Bring All Your Friends, Relations And Neighbors.

There Will Be A "Special Triduum" On Three Occasions Of Spiritual Preparation For The Celebration Of The Feast Of "Immaculate Conception Of The Blessed Virgin Mary." THE DATE AND TIME FOR THESE DAYS OF , PRAYER AND REFLECTION ARE 7:30 P.M. ON DECEMBER 5, 6 & 7, 1990.

Triduum Will Be Presented By Rev. Robert A. Oliveira, Director Of Continuing Formation Of Clergy And Laity In The Diocese Of Fall River. Father Oliveira Is An Excellent Speaker And Will Present Very Helpful And Inspiring Talks. MARK THE DATES ON YOUR CALENDAR Invite All Your Friends And Neighbors To Join Our . Parish Family For This Spiritual Enrichment.

7


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SCENES OF THE INTERIOR and at last Sunday's dedication ceremony of the renovated Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church, New Bedford. (Hickey and Lavoie photos)


BCC hosts "hunger banquet" On the Thursday before Thanksgiving, 100 students and staff members of Bristol Community College, Fall River, like their peers at colleges and universities nationwide, took part in the Oxfam Fast for a World Harvest, a program which raises awareness of and funds for world hunger. The day's main event was a "hunger banquet" at which the BCC participants represented the world's population and were fed according to the color of previously distributed tickets. 15 people, representing the 15 percent of the world's population in high-income countries, sat at a linen-covered banquet table for a full-course turkey dinner. As they were being served, 30 others went to nearby chairs for a meal of rice and sauce. They represented the 30 percent of the global population who don't go hungry but ~at no-frills food. The remaining 55, including several faculty members, sat on the floor and got only a cup of broth. They represented the 55 percent of the world's population for whom hunger is a daily reality. While the participants ate, campus minister Sister Suzanne Beaudoin, S.S. Ch., spoke on world hunger, discussing each segment of the world population. She reminded the diners that while most might feel hungry that day, they knew they would eat the next day. "We have a choice," she said. "We have a choice to give up lunch, snack or cigarette money today to support the work ofOxfam America in Third World countries." The hunger banquet was not intended to foster guilt, but to raise awareness and concern, she said, and "It did all of that!" Sister Beaudoin noted that many commented. on how much food was left untouched by the 15 banqueters. "It's sobering to realize that we're only 15 percent of the world, but we're consuming most of the world's food," said one of them. Some diners admitted that they were embarrassed to have eaten so well, while a few broth eaters asked" for a basket of rolls left untouched

FRIENDS and relatives of Jesuit priests and two Salvadoran women murdered a year ago in San Salvador hold crosses during an all-night vigil on the campus of Central American University where the murders took place. In the Fall River diocese, commemorations included a candlelight vigil in New Bedford and a program at Our Lady of the Cape Church, Brewster. (CNS / UPI-Reuters photo)

Land's alive, says Minnesota bishop STANLEY, Wis. (CNS) - Farming has a spiritual side that must be recognized and nurtured, retired Bishop George H. Speltz of St.· Cloud, Minn., said at the diocese of La Crosse's annual Rural Life Day celebration. A farmer's occupation is like that of a physician, because both work with living things with which they carryon a kind of dialogue, not a monologue," he said. "As in any good conversation, the one always waits for the other's response. Neither force-feeds the other. The physician should not prescribe too many pills; the farmer should not inject too many chemicals." Describing industrial agriculture as "a violent assault on creation," Bishop Speltz said it lacks reverence for the land and fails to appreciate that the land is alive. "Farmers keep society in balance," Bishop Speltz said. "Their way of life offers a healthy environment and ample living space for the family where it has a chance of preserving its traditions and value, where it can hold on to its roots. "This privileged way of life is needed as a brake on what has' been called our driven society, a rat race," he said. "We don't want a society dominated by New York City or Los Angeles with their mad freeways and uncontrollable problems of drugs, violence and unrest. "What we want is many, many rural people living on moderatesized, owner-operated family farms in flourishing rural communities," Bishop Speltz said. "We want to ·live under spacious skies and amid amber waves of grain - America the beautiful!"

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on the banquet table. It was noted that the rolls went a long way among those sitting on the floor. Some banqueters shared their turkey and dessert, "a gesture depicting what can happen when eyes are opened and hearts are touched," said Sister Beaudoin. Said a faculty member among the ,banqueters, "I wanted to be rich, but not anymore." Sister Beaudoin concluded that the hunger banquet was a reminder that "although many on Thanksgiving Day seem obsessed with food and football, the real obsession ought to be gratitude for the blessings of the harvest and all God's other gifts to us."

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J u'ngle massacre takes 8 lives LIMA, Peru (CNS) - A 70year-old nun was among eight people executed in September in the Peruvian jungle. Villagers in the co-op community of La Florida were forced to watch as Peruvian Sister Maria Agustina Rivas, a Sister of the Good Shepherd, and seven others were executed,· said a Peruvian church source. Another nun watched in terror from a house about 100 yards away. The Peruvian bishops' conference and the Peruvian Conference of Major Superiors said it was "the first time that an armed group, consciously and deliberately, has assassinated a religious." The source said the 28-year-old nun who witnessed the incident remained in hiding for about four hours, then emerged with the Blessed Sacrament and holy oil, anointed each victim, and placed a host on his or her tongue. Villagers buried the victims before the mother superior or the head of the San Ramon Vicariate knew of the killings, the source said, attributing them to the Maoist guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso, or Shining Path. Sendero Luminoso's IO-year insurgency has left more than 19,000 people dead.

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THIS SISTER in a Tanzanian village teaches youngsters of the love of God, celebrated in a special way at Christmas, when the Father sent the Son to Earth. Mission children and the sisters, priests and catechists who work with them are supported by contributions to the Christmas collection of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith at PO Box 2577, Fall River 02722.

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10

THE ANCHOR-Diocese ofFal! River'--"--Fri.; Nov. 23, 1990

Tips for travelers It's not too early to start the seven seas I worked as a thinking about winter vaca- purser or tour leader. Danctions. More options are avail- ing in the salons and on the able now, and planning ahead boat deck of passenger ships will avoid problems. takes a bit of skill, especially Some 70 percent ofall cruise- in heavy seas, but I'd love to goers are 55 or older, accord- try it again - for pay. ing to the latest estimates. Irhope to convince my bride And more than 80 percent of of 37 years. of the joys of all money spent for leisure ocean travel. Unfortunately, travel comes from seniors. when we took a honeymoon Because of their speed and cruise on the glass bottom economy, planes have stolen boat from the California shore most national and inter- to lovely Santa Catalina national travel from trains and Island, the Pacific was anysteamships, but we seniors are thing but terrific. turning to the more leisurely Like everybody else, senior forms of travel because of travelers need lots of advice good health, longer lives and when going overseas the first earlier retirement. time. Newhouse News Service I believe that we seniors are recommends "Going Abroad: trying to catch up with the 101 Tips for Mature Travspending binge that Ameri- elers." cans of every age laid on in the Much of the advice in this 1980s. In the olden days, peo- guide is familiar, but I've ple over 50 hoarded their learned that just one tip can money to provide for their old save you a lot of time and anguish. "Never pack presage. Today, with Social Secur- cription drugs in checked lugity, pensions, IRAs and other gage," is vital. "Put them in silver parachutes, we seniors your purse or carry-on." "Pack some of your travelhave more disposable income, and travel seems a lovely way ing companion's clothes in to go. Some travel agencies your bag and vice versa," also discovered this pent-up desire sounds like a good idea. Both early on and began to offer of you will then have a change travel discounts for the grow- of clothing if one bag is lost. ing number of retirees. MOTION SICKNESS is a Cruise lines have been so common problem for which successful in attracting seniors prevention medicines are avail- . that some shipowners have able, but it's good to know even begun to recruit young that we're less likely to have people, students and honey- the problem the older we get. mooners, to change the grayHelp your eyes concentrate ing image of their "love boats." on the motion your body and Some have not forgotten inner ears feel. In a tossing their older travelers, however, ship, get out on deck and stare especially the women who seem at the horizon. In the air, to predominate. At least two look out the window and watch major cruise lines are recruit- the plane circle up or down. ing senior men, "male escorts," Avoid strong odors and greasy who are hired to dance and foods. socialize with unescorted EYE/SKIN PROBLEMS women. can develop from too much What a life! When I sailed exposure to the sun on land or

I Count My Blessings When I walk into church, I begin to think Of all the bedridden who 'are unable to do the same' When I kneel, I glance with new appreciation at the' Woman before me who is too old to bend' When I clasp my hands to pray, I begin t~ envision An old acquaintance who has no hands; Gazing at the elevated Host during Mass, I remember those who are blind, unable to see such a Sight; When Jesus rests upon my tongue at Communion - that tongue 1hat enables me to speak - I realize There are many who do not enjoy its use; When the choir intones "Deo Gratias" at the end of Mass' When the priest chants, "The Mass is finished; Go i~ Peace and love one another," these songs echo in my heart and I, too, Feel like SINGING! . By John Doyle, age 73 Immaculate Conception parish, Taunton路

By

BERNARD CASSER~Y

sea. Avoid prolonged exposure to the rays, especially near the equator, by using blocking lotions and wearing broad-brimmed hats and sunglasses. Ophthalmologists claim we can prevent or delay the onset of cataracts by protecting our eyes with ordinary sunglasses or hats with big brims. The. dangers of skin cancer have been widely publicized. COLDS AND CHILLS and respiratory problems can be headed off on occasion by bringing a sweater in your carry-on luggage. Planes can be cold and you can be surprised by sudden climate changes anywhere. I was dismayed to find winter in July on the 'beach of Ipanema in Rio de Janeiro; my swimsuit stayed dry; my sweater went everywhere. WHEN IN ROME, do as the Romans do is a cardinal rule. In Rome, or any nation with a hot climate, most shops shut down for a siesta, and dinner is late. Accept the local customs and avoid a lot of stress and frustration. In Lima, Peru, I once banged on the huge doors of the cathedral trying to enter and see the shrine of St. Rose of Lima. A sleepy friar finally came, told me"Goaway. Siesta!" and closed 'the door in my face. CAMERA CUSTOMS V ARY. Most people like to have their picture taken, but some may get angry and others may want to charge you. Put a haze filler over your lens and leave it on to protect your equipment from scratches. Beware of airport x-ray machines; use a film shield , bag or hand the camera to a guard for inspection. FIN ALL Y, "never stand when you can sit; never sit when you can lie down; never pass up a chance to use the b.athroom." The source of this valuable advice is identified only as a famed lecturer, but he deserves a medal. "Going Abroad: 101 Tips for Mature Travelers" can be obtained hy calling a toll-free number: 1-800-221-2610. Beware; however, your name will go on a mailing list of senior tours!

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As the Lamp "As the l~mp shining upon the holy candlestick, so is the beauty of the face in a ripe age." - Ecclus. 26:22

British journalist Malcolm Muggeridge dies at 87 LONDON (CNS) - Broadcaster Malcolm Muggeridge, one of Britain's best-known and most controversial journalists who credited Mother Teresa for his conversion to Catholicism eight years ago, died Nov. 14. Muggeridge, 87, was known to millions through his television appearances and was renowned for his merciless criticism of world statesmen and . politicians. Later in life, his outspokenness about Christian ideals and against permissive society earned him the nickname "sf Mug." He died at a nursing home in southern England three months after suffering a stroke. When in November 1982 I ' at the age of 79, he and his wife, Kitty, were received into the Catholic Church, Muggeridge attributed his switch from Anglicanism in a large part to Mother Teresa of Calcutta, India. In 1968 he produced a television documentary depicting her commitment to the destitute of India. The documentary and a book based on it were titled, "Something Beautiful for God." "Words cannot convey how beholden I am to her," he wrote in The Times of London. "She has given me a whole new vision of what being a Christian means: of the amazing power of love and how, in one dedicated soul, it can burgeon to cover the whole world." He said the Catholic response to the world's moral crisis had always appealed to him. He found Pope Paul VI's encyclical prohibiting artificial means of birth control "absolutely correct" and spoke in its favor many times before he was a Catholic. . Like contraception, he said, . legalized abortion was "morally disastrous" and inevitably brought legalized eutha-. nasia in its train. Muggeridge was an invariably provocative interviewer who became something of a national institution by persistently deflating egos and ideas with an impish humor. Lean and white-haired, with twinkling eyes, he became a familiar sight on British tele- . vision, .but in 1976 said parents would do well never to let their children watch TV. "The corruption of our children is appalling," he told a University of Toronto audience in 1976. "On TV they see_

eNS photo

MALCOLM MUGGERIDGE

the family ridiculed, marital fidelity ridiculed and a crass materialism constantly being preached." He said he went on TV only because he路 was like a piano player in a brothel, who from time to time is able to play "Abide With Me" for the edification of the patrons. He wrote several books on religion, including "Jesus Rediscovered" and "Jesus: The Man Who Lives" in addition to "Something Beautiful for God." His 1976 documentary, "A Third Testament," explored the times and writings of Christian thinkers such as St. Augustine.

EWTN nun honored WASHINGTON (CNS)Mother Angelica, founder of the. Eternal Word Television Network, has been named recipient of the 1990 Patronal Medal of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception and The Catholic University of America, to be conferred Dec. 9 by Cardinal James A. Hickey of Washington. The medal recognizes those who have rendered distinguished service in advancing devotion to Mary. Mother Angelica, 67, a cloistered nun, started the nation's first Catholic satellite cable network at her monastery in Birmingham, Ala"., in 1981.

NOTICE We're considering carrying Saluting Seniors in larger type, as we have this week. If you like the change, please let us know and we'l continue with it. Just drop a note to Saluting Seniors, The Anchor, PO Box 7, Fall River MA 02722. Thank you!


. THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Nov. 23, 1"990

11

Announcing the newest and. finest nativity ever created for institutions

MRS. AUBREY ARMSTRONG, center, assisted by Sister Gertrude Gaudette, OP, will head the decorating committee for the 36th annual Bishop's Charity Ball, to be held Jan. II at White's of Westport. Others, from left, Mrs. Manuel Nogueira, Diocesan Council of Catholic Women vice president; Rev. Daniel L. Freitas, diocesan ball director; Mrs. Roger Dube, hospitality committee; David Motta, usher. The ball benefits camps for underprivileged and exceptional children and other diocesan apostolates. Bishop Daniel A. Cronin will be guest of honor for the 21st year. The event's decorating committee will meet at 5:30 p.m. Jan. 8 at the restaurant and presentees will rehearse at 6:30 p.m. the same date. (Gaudette photo)

Behind scenes at bishops' meeting Continued from Page Three The Bottom Line The bishops have approved a 534.2 million 1991 budget for the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and U.S. Catholic Conference. It is 52.7 million higher than the 1990 budget, and includes a withdrawal of nearly 5700,000 from investment income to meet expenses. In a separate vote the bishops provisionally approved a 15.7 cents per Catholic assessment on dioceses in 1992 to help pay' for NCCB-USCC activities, a rate in effect fo~' several years. The vote was provisional because it might be revised in June when the bishops hold a special meeting on NCCBUSCC structures and finances. Only bishops who head dioceses vote on the budget and assessment. Archbishop Daniel W. Kucera of Dubuque, Iowa, outgoing NCCB-USCC treasurer, said the conference investment portfolio is worth about $28 million and annual income from it is about $2.25 million.

. . .'.

Dealing in Millions By a vote of 222-22, the U.S. bishops Nov. 13 approved two alternative plans to raise the dollar limits on property they can sell, mortgage or rent without prior Vatican approval. Either proposal requires Vatican approval before it' can take effect. Currently a U.S. bishop cannot sell- in church language alienate - or mortgage or rent ·Iong-term - in church language encumber - property, worth more th!1o $1

million without first getting a Vatican OK. The new proposals call for a sliding scale on that dollar limit, depending on the size of a diocese. Under one proposal, the scale would be based on a straight formula of$5 million. In other words, any diocese with less than 200,000 Catholics would use the $1 million figure, any diocese with more than I million Catholics would use the

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.Fruitful ...:,., L,_ ... _

Continued from Page One It says all religions are equal and bans governinerit interference in church affairs. It give.s churches the right to send students abroad, form associations and sponsor religion classes - although use of state schools for catechesis is not allowed. The law was received with "great satisfaction" by the Vatican, which called it an act of "justice" for the millions of believers in the Soviet Union. The exchange of diplomats was another promise kept during 1990, one that shined up the Soviet government's legitimacy and opened a wide range of pastoral possibilities for the Vatican. Although the exchange stopped short of formal diplomatic relations, the two envoys are acting as ambassadors. And the Soviets have posed no objections to naming new bishops, an extremely important consideration. Places now being considered as sites for dioceses are Moscow, Tomsk in central R us~ia and Karaganda in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.

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$5 million figure, and dioceses in between would calculate their figure at the rate of $5 per Catholic. Under the second proposal, all dioceses with fewer than 600,000 Catholics would use a $3 million cut-off figure; those with a population between 600,000 and I million would use a $4 million cut-off; and those with more than I million Catholics would use $5 million cut-off. Both proposals maintain the current level of $500,000 as the limit above which any. bishop must obtain consent from his finance council, his college of consultors and the parties concerned. -

Bishops Continued from Page One tional collection for Central and Eastern Europe, to be' held for three years beginning in 1991. - Approved nine proposed principles for liturgical adaptation of Scripture texts. In addition to providing criteria on use of nonsexist language, the proposal offers principles for language concerning people with handicaps and adaptations of a translation for public reading. ; One major item originally on the agenda was not included. A proposed pastoral letter on women's concerns was delayed because of a Vatican request that the bishops consult with other bishops' conferences before issuing it. Bishop Joseph L. Imesch, chairman of the document writing committee, said it would meet in January to review comments on the letter and prepare a revised draft.

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Kitchen open for refreshments. Wooden Items


12

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Nov. 23, 1990

North American feels bite of falling dollar

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ROME (CNS) - The fall of the dollar on foreign exchange markets is putting the squeeze on Rome's North American College, which is running about half a million dollars in the red during the current year. The deficit has forced North American, the V.S. seminary in Rome, to borrow from its endowment fund to meet operating expenses, said Father Charles P. Essman, the college business manager. ' The college meanwhile has cut costs as much as possible and may consider opening its residential quarters to other seminarians and members of religious orders, Father Essman said. So far this year, the dollar's dismal performance has cost the school about $400,000, he said. To cut expenses, North American recently modernized its heating plant and laundry. But further cuts are difficult because the college already runs a pretty tight shio, Father Essman said. Administrators hope that fundraising and recruiting of students will help make up the difference next year. Fundraising is done through a Washington-based development office. Recruiting is largely a matter of convincing local bishops to send seminarians and priests to Rome for study, Father Essman said. This year, the college enrollment was down from 130 to 125, and the graduate school program fell from 70 to 50. The unexpected drop in graduate students will probably add another $1 00,000 to the budget deficit. he said.

The declining enrollment reflects an overall drop in V.S. vocations. The graduate program did enjoy higher enrollment during the 1980s because of a boom in canon law studies, but that appears to be over, said Father Essman. North American can accommodate 300 students, and administrators are looking at ways to use the extra space. That might mean renting out rooms to other seminarians or making some space available to other educational programs, he said. This year, the college raised its annual fee for tuition, room and board this year from $10,000 to $11 ,500. The actual cost per seminarian is much higher - it shot up to $22,000 this year, an increase of $4,000 from 1989. Those funds must be made up from endowments, said Pat Healy, Washington-based director ofdevelopment for the college. Although a recent $5 million campaign raised 80 percent of its money frort the clergy and dioceses, he hopes to raise money from the laity as well, Healy said. For instance, he said, in December the Catholic Daughters of the Americas will begin a campaign expected to raise about $150,000, and will make the campaign an annual event. Meanwhile, experts are predicting that the dollar may fall even further. "That's the specter hanging over all of us," said Father Essman.

Pope to be stay-at-home this winter

VATICAN CITY (CNS) - With Aquinas, the pope said a modern the Synod of Bishops behind him "crisis of ethics" can be traced to a in late October, Pope John Paul II "weakening of the sense of truth." could finally enjoy a clean desk Human ethics without God and and an uncluttered schedule - but without the act of faith are fatally only for an afternoon or two. flawed, he said. The pope report~s the world's bi~hops were edly believes his encyclical is espe- , catching their last flights home, dally timely because, in his view, the pope commenced what may go , the world is at a historic turning down as his "curial winter." He point and desperately needs the had no foreign trips or special church's transcendent perspective. ceremonies on the horizon and, , - A major document on mislike it or not, was gearing down fpr sion. The project is believed to But "there's certainly no likeli- six months of internal business. have been promoted by Cardinal "It's not that the pope won't be Jozef Tomko, head of the Vatihood of the college being closed," busy. It will be a time of enormous can's evangelization congregation, he added. activity. But he won't be in front of and by others who fear that the the TV cameras as much as usual," Christian message is being diluted said one Vatican aide. in mission work today. In 1988 A January trip to western Africa Cardinal Tomko called for a critiwas scrapped because ofthe war in cal evaluation of the church's role Liberia, so there will be an eight- in salvation and the relationship of speare said.' "He's in constant month gap between the pope's last interreligious dialogue to mission. communication, and is now much' foreign trip in September and his The document, expected for the more comfortable and pleased with next planned one, to Portugal next winter or next spring, will probathe church in the United States." May. The 70-year-old pontiff hasn't bly bear the pope's signature, Mark Phillips, a former Rome stayed put for so long since his sources said. correspondent for CBS News, told recovery from an assassination - A consistory, or the naming Unda-USA he found the pope's attempt in 1981. of new cardinals. The pope last endurance amazing on his trips to That shouldn't be taken as a named cardinals in 1988, and there . foreign lands. sign that the pope is slowing down, are now 16 vacancies in the college Pope John Paul's command of languages was extraordinary, Phil- the aide said. On the "internal" that would elect a new pope agenda are an encyclical, a 'possi- enough to make a consistory poslips added, although not perfect ble consistory, "ad limina" visits sible early next year, Vatican under difficult circumstances, at with many bishops, a meeting with sources said. Among those extimes throwing the press into a Jewish leaders and several annual pected to receive red hats are Los "full-fledged angst" over some events that always take up much of Angeles Archbishop Roger Maremark made during an in.:f1ight the pope's time in late fall and hony and Archbishop Pio Laghi, press conference. early winter. the former pro-nuncio to the UniBarry Serafin, an ABC News Here is a rough idea of what ted States who heads the Vatican's correspondent, reminded V ndaUSA of the necessity of condensing Curia observers expect to happen .education congregation. The pope is also expected to news, and admitted how difficult it this winter: - An encyclical on moral the- name several new Curia departwas for the secular media to cover ology. The pope's long-awaited ment heads - or reconfirm the old religion. If ABC News had been around and lengthy treatise, to be titled ones - as five-year terms expire. when Moses received the Ten "Veritatis Splendor" ("The Bright- The positions involved are at the Commandments, Serafin said, the ness of the Truth"), was in the congregations for evangelization, evening's broadcast might have hands of translators this fall, but religious, clergy, and Eastern-rite appears to have hit publication churches; councils for the family begun: "Good evening. This is ABC snags and now is not expected and dialogue with non-believers; Nightly News with Peter Jennings. ' until after Christmas. Its contents and the Secretariat of State, where Moses returned from the moun- have been the focus of much spec- Cardinal Agostino Casaroli offered tain today, where God gave him ulation. Some have suggested it his resignation last year but was stone tablets incised with 10 com- will declare as infallible the church's kept on indefinitely by the pope. - A meeting between Vatican mandments for all people to obey. 1968 birth control ban, but Vatiofficials and the International Now, here's Sam Donaldson,with can officials deny this and say the three of the most important of document will be much more Jewish Committee on Interreligious general. Consultations will take place Dec. those commandments." Perhaps the best clue to what 5-6. It would be the first major Life the encyclical will say was found in encounter between the pope and "Christ's death was death to sin; a talk the pope gave last Sep- Jewish leaders since 1987, and a' clear sign that relations between his life is life for God."-Romans tember. Speaking to participants in a congress on St. Thomas the two religions are improving. 6:10

Pop'e may be "most informed man on Earth" PORTLAND, Ore. (CNS) Former V.S. ambassador to the Vatican Frank Shakespeare told an organization of Catholic professional communicators that Pope John Paul II may be the most informed m,lO on Earth. The pope, Shakespeare said, has been to 70 countries, speaks eight or nine languages, reads volumes, is a theologian, has private con, versations with almost every world leader, and also speaks with a flood of archbishops and bishops from almost every place on earth. Shakespeare spoke at the convention of Unda-USA, which met Oct. 28-Nov. 2 in Portland. Unda is a Latin word meaning "wave." Almost everyone in Europe "will tell you that things in Eastern Europe would not have happened the way they did without the pope," he said. "Now you have the possibility of healing the tragic rift between East and West," Shakespeare added. "Not that which occurred in 1917, but that which happened a thousand years ago, when Byzantium and Rome parted." During a question-and-answer session, Shakespeare, once an executfve at CBS, said no one comes close to Pope John 'Paul in his handling of the media. As for the pontiffs understanding the United States, "we have this idea that Rome is some kind of distant place, and that the pope doesn't understand America," Shake-

THIS RARE VIEW of Pope John Paul II at his desk will be repeated more frequently for the next six months, say Vatican watchers. (eNS/ UPI-Reuters photo)

The meeting will mark the 25th anniversary of the Vatican II document "Nostra Aetate," which opened the way to Catholic-Jewish dialogue for an end to anti-Semitism and rejected the claim that the Jewish people were responsible for Christ's death. Participants are expected to be received by Pope John Paul II the first time since 1987 that members of the International Jewish Committee for Interreligious Consultations will have met with the pope. - Annual papal events. The pope gets personally involved with Christmas-time activities, and his schedule this year is as full as always: the crowning of a statue of Mary and Mass on Dec. 8 (which this year marks the 25th anniversary of the close of the Second Vatican Council), a visit to a Rome Hospital, an end-of-the-year speech to the Curia, the "Vrbi et Orbi" address to the world, a "Te Deum" Mass on New Year's Eve, and the talk to diplomats in early January. These are not merely ceremonial appearances ' - the pope spends a lot of time writing his own talks at Christmas, an aide said. Also in December, the Vatican will release this year's World Day of Peace Message, which will focus on respect for conscience. Then there is the other routine business: "ad limina" visits with bishops from Brazil, Bolivia, the Philippines, Taiwan and elsewhere; a plenary meeting with the International Theological Commission; a major Vatican conference on the human mind; a meeting on world hunger; at least one canonization and four beatifications; parish visits in Rome nearly every Sunday; weekly general audiences and a variety of commemorative Masses. If the pope could be considered a "prisoner of the Vatican" this winter, at least he'll be a busy one.


Indian bishops ask education on rights of poor NEW DELHI, India (CNS) Decrying growing violence in the country, Catholic bishops of India have called for educating people on the rights of the poor as a way to resolve tensions. An understanding and mutual acceptance of all as "equal in Godgiven dignity and with equal right to a decent human life could help resolve current tensions," the standing committee of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India said in a recent statement. Several states in northern India have witnessed student protests following an Aug. 7 official decision to reserve a 27 percent quota of government jobs for "socially and educationally backward" groups in the country. The protest has claimed nearly 50 lives and public property worth millions of rupees. Among deaths have been those of students who have set themselves afire to protest giving of jobs to persons they claim are unqualified to fill them. Admitting that "social legislation in India has generally been ahead of social awareness of the people," the bishops lamented that "well-intentioned efforts" to help the poor have resulted in more suffering. The bishops called for a "massive educative effort" to rouse people's social awareness and to replace individualism and self-centeredness with common good and compassion for all. They supported government programs to favor"the disadvantaged sections of society who have been kept in a state of deprivation and social degradation" for centuries. The current anger and violence, they said, were due to conflicting views of the country's policies and objectives. The bishop's statement admitted that the church also needs to "discern the signs of the times." It called for evaluation ofthe church's service and commitment to the welfare of the people in order to n;orient activities and help the poor in a "bigger and more enlightened way." "Anything discriminatory in the路 life ofthe church.and our relationship with one another should be forthwith abolished," the statement said, calling for intensified efforts and radical changes, especially in the education apostolate. Most Indian schools teach in English, effectively barring those who speak Hindi or one of India's other 14 languages.

Nov. 25 1946, Rev. Philias' Jalbert, Pastor, Notre Dame, Fall River Nov. 26 1945, Rev. James R. Burns, P.R., Pastor, Sacred Heart, Fall River Nov. 27 1948, Rt. Rev. Patrick E. McGee, . Pastor, St. Mary, North Attleboro Nov. 28 "959, Rev. Adrien A. Gauthier, Pastor, St. Roch, Fall River Nov. 29 1965, Rev. Francis A. McCarthy, Pastor, St. Patrick. Somerset

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Nov. 23, 1990

What price life? From the bulletin of St. Patrick's parish, Somerset: The pro-choice position rests on denial of the basic scientific fact that human life begins at conception. Yet a panel of judges held recently that a turtle's life begins the moment the egg is laid (Fort Meyers, Fla., News Press, March 16, 1990). Based on a state law allowing a $100 fine "per unit of marine life," the judge fined

MARY HACALA with her five sons. Among them is Jesuit Father Joseph Hacala, second from right, new director of the U.S. bishops' Campaign for Human Development. (CNS photo)

Number One Mom reigns in hearts of five sons CHARLESTON, W. Va.(CNS) - The greatest joy of West Virginia's No. I Mom is that her five sons, who include the new head of the路 U.S. bishops' Campaign for Human Development - "have remained faithful to the Catholic faith." Mary Hacala, 80, of Charleston, grandmother of 10 and greatgrandmother of two, was named No. I Mom in West Virginia by the MOM International Association. She won a trip to London, a crown and a special license plate that reads: No. I Mom. Her son, Jesuit Father Joseph R. Hacala, was named to head the bishops'. domestic anti-poverty prograITi,cirt, September 'arid will take the post Jan. I. Mrs. Ha'cala's other sons are Martin of Detroit; John of Atlantic City, N.J.; Ed of Charleston; and Tom of Norwalk, Conn. "It was quite difficult to advise ,and counsel five sons after my husband died because he had been a wonderfUl helpmate for 24 years and helped with all of the disciplineand any problems," said Mrs. Hacala, a widow for 33 years, in an interview with the Catholic Spirit, newspaper of the diocese of Wheeling-Charleston. "I feel that my deep love of God and trust in his help and mercy carried me through many difficl}lt times at school and at home," she added. "I prayed a lot and I asked God's help and received more than my share."

"I try every day to do something to help others who have less or are in worse condition than I," Mrs. Hacala added. "Sometimes I can only say a word of encouragement to an ill neighbor or bake a loaf of bread for one who is expecting company or make a short visit to a lonely neighbor. But this gives me happiness." Sons John and Joe nominated their mother for the award. "There are more famous people in West Virginia than Mary Hacala," said John's letter. "None of them have had such a positive impact on so many people over so many years. She is a classic symbol of the ideal hard-working, longsuffering; everloving and generous mountaineer West Virginia mother."

one James Bivens $108,800 for removing more than 1,000 eggs from a state park. Bivens was also sentenced to 60 days injail. Where is the logic in fining Bivens for his treatment of unborn turtles when doctors are paid to destroy unborn humans?

Contribution. "We are here to add what we can, not to get what we can from life." - Coleridge

PLACEMENT EXAM Saturday, December 1st 8 am-12 noon Are Friends Important? Are Teachers Important? Are Studies Important? Are Athletics Important? Are Activities Important? Are Values Important?

Are You Important?

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PRAY FOR PEACE IN THE WORLD Prayer is part of the human experience and the way we recognize God's presence in our lives. This need to keep in contact with God isn't a new notion.

"Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples?' (Luke 11:1)

Prayer has many styles and levels and is seldom easy. Sometimes finding a place to pray is a problem. Another difficulty is getting started.

Mrs. Hacala is a member of St. Agnes parish in Charleston and was a teacher at the parish grade school for 20 years until her retirement in 1976.

The St Thomas Aquinas Society prayer book draws on the rich tradition of Catholic prayers. You will recognize many of your old favorites. It is small enough to fit any purse or pocket and will be handy anytime anywhere you find a quiet moment.

"Although I've lived alone for more than 25 years, I'm not lonely," she said. "Frequent visits offamily and friends and God's grace sustain me.

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Angola aid asked WASHINGTON (CNS) - Los Angeles Archbishop Roger M. Mahony has written to a U.S. House committee chairman asking to reduce military aid to Angola and instead increase "assistance for the peaceful reconstruction of that unhappy 'land." The letter from the archbishop, who heads the U.S. bishops' Committee on International Policy, was sent to' Rep. Anthony C. Beilenson" DCalif., chairman of the House Select Intelligence Committee.

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By Charlie Martin

Heart of Stone We need to lay in each other's arms There's nowhere 'else to go It's all so easy and I want you to know There will never be another one Who could get this close to me Everything you-give to me Is everything I've dreamed of Even when you turn your back now I can feel you reaching for me Even when you walk away I still know where you are hiding I can't believe you've Got a heart of stone I've 'seen your tears fall When you thought you were alone I can't believe you've Got a heart of stone I can't believe it You try to make like I'm not there To show me how you feel You don't have to hurt me With the hurt that you won't reveal There'll never be another one Who could get this close to me I can give you everything That you ever dreamed of The more you try to hide your love The more it shows Your eyes say yes Even when you tell me no Sung by Taylor Dayne. Written by Eliot Wolff, Gregg Tripp (c) 1989 by Arista Records Inc. "HEART OF STONE" is Taylor Dayne's fourth hit off her "Can't Fight Fate" album. Listening to the song made me wonder, does anyone truly possess a heart of stone? The song describes how one individual sees through anoth-

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worse, you are likely to be angry and hurt. You may think that the other person has a heart of stone. However, there may be another explanation. Unfortunately, life sometimes hurts people so much that they numb their feelings to protect themselves from the pain. This does not mean that their hearts have turned into emotional stone. Rather, their behaviors indicate how much healing and care is needed. When God gave each of us the gift of life, he made us into an image of himself - someone who gives and receives love. Part of our reason for existing on this earth is to discover how to do this. 'If there is an emotion that could turn a heart into stone, it would be fear. The more I work with people, the more I understand how most of us fear to some extent that we are not good enough to be loved. When we meet such hurtful behaviors in another, we must try to see through the pain to the fear behind the actions. Remembering this, we can refuse to judge or condemn another. Instead, we can keep our hearts open, learn to forgive and help to melt fear's icy grip on the other person's life. When confronted with abusive actions, we must stand up for ourselves and set limits. Walking away from abuse does not mean closing off our hearts. This choice says to the other, "I respect myself and I respect you, and I will not let your current behaviors define the way we relate to each other." To do this, without judgment. is to, refuse'to believe that the', ' other has a heart of stone. It is to create a new space where love may eventually bloom. Your comments are welcomed by Charlie Martin, RR 3, Box 182, Rockport, Ind. 47635.

er's act, that is, how "you try to make like I'm not there." Yet, this person "can't believe you've got a heart of stone.... The more you try to hide your love the more it shows." t When someone treats you with indifference, ridicule or

By Tom Lennon Sunday Mass is rather formal and people address the Lord with exalted titles such as King of Endless Glory. But in our private prayers we can be informal and focus on another side of Jesus. Over the years I've discovered that some of my friends become almost daringly intimate in their conversations with the Lord. Bob is a psychologist. The sign on his office door says he offers "professional counseling within a Christian perspective." He teaches at a state university. Often he does some of his praying as he's driving to work. In this informal setting he addresses Jesus as Super Guy. For Bob, this name says something about the Lord's excellence and about his oneness with us, his very real humanity. Such a name helps Bob feel closer to Jesus. Martha too is a professional, a division head at a public library. She too has her personal name for Jesus, and some people might find it a bit irreverent. But Martha sees Jesus as her dearest friend and it seems, natural to her to address him as Sweetie when she prays. Brian, 22, spends most of his time on hisjob brick-laying and at

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a gym power-lifting. But each day he tries to find some precious minutes to talk things over with the Lord. At times Brian uses the title Lord, but more often (and especially when he is discouraged) he uses the name Buddy. It speaks to Brian of deep and abiding friendship, and he hopes that's what's going on between him and the Lord. Across the street from me lives 72-year-old Marianne, who tends to do a lot of looking back over her life. A few years ago at a prayer meeting in our parish she told the group what her special name for Jesus is: Friend of All the Years. Those five words provide rich food for meditation. Perhaps you don't yet have a special name for Jesus, one that expresses in a personal way what your friendship with the Lord means to you. But maybe the attitude ofthe people mentioned above will help you see how intimate and informal you can be when you are conversing with the Lord. And this can aid a great deal in deepening your friendship with Jesus. Then, perhaps one day you may be astonished to'rediscover that your friend, your buddy, is also the risen Lord, the king of endless glory.

"Knock it off, you two," spouse Remember those pictures of pio- grumbled. "We are not going to neer women walking alongside cov- listen to you trade insults for 300 ered wagons? Historians want you miles." "Trade?" said daughter. "He can to think they were giving the oxen have mine free." a break. Hah! Any mother can tell "I said knock it off," my Ward you that ~ you looked in the Bond barked. wagon you would have found a Silence for three exits. grouchy husband and kids arguing. "Why didn't we bring the dog? "You didn't signal when' you pulled onto the freeway," our just- 01' Leaky is going to miss us." "He gets carsick and has bad got-his-Iearning-permit l5-year-old told his father as we started a week- breath," I said. "So does Mikey, and we brought end trip. him." '~Yes I did," sighed his father. "I "The kennel wouldn't take him." just held the turn signal down and "Who has rny Tootsie Roll?" didn't snap it all the way." "I didn't see the dash indicator asked Mikey: "Was that youis?"'asked a smilor hear the tick, tick, tick, tick sound," . countered Mr. Drivers' education. ing sister. . "Dad, Marie kyped my Tootsie "Whose fault i's that?" ttls dad . RoIl!" , aske'ci: ", , " " " ,"Does anyone else have to go to Our back-seat driver huffed, "Kids are always wrong. ~y' CCO, the bathroom?'" asked 'someone teacher says it is,~ sign of pareriial disguising ,the voice so the driver maturity for pa.rents to admit they wouldn't recognize;it. Husband bounced his forehead are wrong." ,.', '., ,"Is she tne one ~h~ spi,kes her against the stee'ring well. "N ot even hair ai}c1 doesn't own a pair' of out of town',' and· son'ieone has to go already. You mother's family Jjliltc~irigelil~rih~s?" his dad asked. "What does her'appearance have must have genetically weak kid, to do with it? You can't judge what neys." "That was uncalled for," I someone say'~ ,tot&lIy by their ap-, snapped. "At least my family has pearance." " strong chins." My husband ~odded: "~onald "Yeah, sometimes two or three McDonald will be relieved." of them." • It was the opening oldest daughI narrowed my eyes at him. ter needed. "You ought to know," "Sometimes I'd give my eyeteeth she said to her brother. "You should to give the oxen a weight break." see this girl he worships at school. "What?" What a'dweeb." , "Never mind." "Who asked you?"


...... THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Nov. 23, 1990

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in our schools Bishop Feehan Senior Lisa Houghton has won the Century III Leadership Award, at Bishop Feehan High School, Attleboro, and has fldvanced to state competition for a $1,500 scholarship. The award is based on academic achievement, school and community involvement, and an essay discussing a critical issue of the next century. Miss Houghton is a member of the French National Honor Society and the Junior Classical League and is Latin Honor Society vice president. She is active in peer counseling, the Big Sister program and the school newspaper and has received awards in English and biology. Junior Joseph Warzycha will represent Feehan on AprilS, Massachusetts Student Government Day, when students from across the state will learn about state government first-hand as they conduct State House proceedings. Feehan students Emilie Bosquet, '93, and Jonathan Hall, '92, were elected president and vice president, respectively, of Sturdy Memorial Hospital's Medical. Post #82. Twelve choral and three instrumental Feehan music students are auditioning for the Southeast District Music Festival, while three freshman vocalists are participating in junior high auditions. The vocalists are directed by Elaine Saulnier and the instrumentalists by Joseph Taylor. The Feehan math team placed third at a recent meet at Taunton High School. Junior Kate Sheridan was the highest scoring competitor in her grade. The team is coached by Virginia Jolin and led by cocaptains Amy Matoian and Kathleen McCarthy. The freshman class recently sponsorea a cinema and board games night in the religious education center. Members of the student government were present to welcome freshman and advise them on running for student government offices. The Bishop Feehan theatre company performed its Fall production, "You Can't Take it With You," Nov. 1,2 and 4.

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The student government of October Athletes of the Month, Bishop Connolly High School, Fall both selected for' their efforts in River, recently surveyed student the Connolly cross-country program. . attitudes toward the school. Cited as strong points were a good eduThe Connolly ski team and ski cation, quali4' of teaching and wilclub sponsored "Snowbound 1990," lingness of faculty members to an evening featuring skiing inforhelp students. Areas said to need mation, equipment demonstration improvement were lunch prices, and a ski fashion show, on Nov. , too-short lunch periods, and the 18. dress code. Students also said they wanted a football team. Senior Ellen Sullivan took firstNathan Tynan, ajunior at Bishop round honors in a recent Lions Stang High School, North Dartand Lionesses Club youth speech mouth, won first place in the high competition. She will represent school category at" Dartmouth by Connolly and the Fall River club the Sea" art exhibit to run through in the next level of competition Nov. 28 at Bristol Community February at the Lloyd Center for College. Juniors Kathryn Gerhard Environmental Studies. Stang artists worked at Barney's and Kirsten Short will also Joy and Little River seaside areas. compete. Tynan's submission was a marsh Senior Ryan Doyle was elected by students as a delegate and Greg landscape done in pastels. Seniors Rebecca Bachtel, AliCzarkowski as an alternate to the Massachusetts Student Govern- son Gorman, Sandy Lourenco and ment Program. The program in- Charlene Patenaude merited honorvolves several workshops before able mentions. Student ·Government Day, April . 5, when delegates will take state The Coyle-Cassidy High School government roles in a mock ses- ~t. Warriors were winners in a recent sion in Boston. Eastern Athletic COllference game Students at St. Mary's School, ... ...'... ... against Somerset, 14-0. Sophomore New Bedford, presented their annuEvery Connolly fall sports team al Thanksgiving pageant on MonTony Maffini had 179 yards rushmade state tournament playoffs. ing and a touchdown to lead the day. First':graders were Pilgrims, The girl's soccer team finished Warriors. Mark Doherty had the while second-graders came as with the Eastern Athletic Conferother Warrior Score, with. Jim lildians. Students in grades 3, 4 Asey catching a pass from Jake ence title and a 13-3-2 record. and 5 had their choice of costume, They lost to Hanover in tournaWinslow on the conversion.. while sixth, seventh and eighth ment play. The boys' soccer team . graders were attired as Quakers or The Taunton school's boys' cross finished second in the EAC and as elder Indians and Pilgrims. beat undefea'ted Spellman to country team finished its regular Each child brought a canned dual meet season at 4-2 with a 20- advance in tournament standings. good to be presented during the 37 win over Somerset. Running in It then took five overtimes. for offertory and later donated to New . Norwell to prevail over the his last home meet, senior captain Bedford Market Ministries for disMike Simpson remained undefeat- Cougars. tribution to the needy. The volleyball squad compiled ed with a one-second finish over On Nov. 14, parents attended a previously unbeaten Somerset an 11-8 record and carried Seekonk to five s'ets before bowing in meeting explaining material on runner John Davis. In doing so, post-season play. AIDS and substance abuse to be Simpson broke the school and course records, running the 2.5 Amy Almeida and Philip Nadeau incorporated into the school curmile course in 12:54. have been named October Teen- riculum. Denise· Laverdiere, RN, The Warrior harriers took six agers of the Month by the Greater coordinator of communicable disout of the top nine places against Fall River Elks Lodge,while Anne eases for the city, will gear the prothe Blue Raider runners. Turn to Page 16 Conforti and Mike Donnelly are

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SACl~ED IlEA'RT,'FR . , "st~ LOUIS, FR " Women's Guild Christmas party 6 Vincentians will attend 8:30 a.m. Mass Dec. 2, which will be celep.m. Dec. 3, Tarragon's Restaurant; Parish council meeting 8 p.m. musical entertainment will be pro~ brated by Bishop Daniel A. Cronin. Nov. 28. vided by William Guilmette. At 7 p.m. the same date an Advent ST. STANISLAUS, FR evensong service will be presetlted Exposition of Blessed Sacrament ST. JULIE BILLIART, N DARTMOUTH by the parish choir. A penance serII :30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sunday. Advent . Planning meeting for Advent Jesse vice coordinated by the parish famyouth rally 6 p.m. Dec. 2, school T~ee 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Room 201, ily ministry is set for 7 p.m. Dec. 16. auditorium; all elementary and high school students invited. BIshop Stang High Sch90I. RCIA ST. MARY, SEEKONK candidates will be welcomed at II :30 Prayer group meeting 7:30 p.m. HOLY TRINITY, W. HARWICH Nov. 29, parish center; Father Bill Adult Enrichment "Free to be a.m. Mass Sunday. V.NCENTIANS, TAUNTON LaSALETTE SHRINE, Baker will present "Pathways," part Me" session 2 7:30 p.m. Nov. 29, Taunton District Council monthly ATTLEBORO 3 .' parish center. Ladies' Association Mass 7:30 p.m. Dec. 3, O.L. Lourdes 38th annual Christmas Festival of SACRED HEART, board meeting 9:45 a.m. Nov. -30; Church, First St., Taunton; meeting Lights Nov. 22 through Jan. I. N. ATTLEBORO ecume!1ical t~a Dec. 7, Rev. Timothy to follow in church hall. Theme: "Behold! I Make All Things Finance Council meeting 7:30 p. m. Goldnck wIll present "Christmas ST. PATRICK, SOMERSET New!" Free admission and parking. Nov. 26. rectory. Customs around the World." Junior youth group meeting Nov. O.L. ~SSUMPTION, CATHOLIC WOMAN'S 2~ _ .: .OSTERVILLE . CLUB,:NB .. ' . ST. ANNE, ER; . " . . Executive board' meeting'1:30 p·.m.' :; ;~hoi~~~~hearsaI7:3(jp.m. Nov. 29. Young ladles 16 'or older who Guild tnp to LaSalette Shrine ChristNov. 28, St. Lawrence rectory, 110 would like to be parish presentee for mas lights Dec. 4; information: Judy Summer St., NB. Bishop's Charity Ball Jan. II may Boudreau. 428-6582; Jeannette CATHOLIC NURSES contact Father John Foister, 674Bowes, 420-1649. Registration deadNB council Mass 7 p.m. Dec. 4, 5651. line Dec. I. Sacred Heart Nursing Home, SumHOLY GHOST, ATTLEBORO SEPARATED/DIVORCED mer St., NB; meeting and social will Women's Guild meeting 7 p.m. CATHOLICS follow. Nov. 26. Attleboro area meeting 7 to 8:30 LaSALETTE CENTER, p.m. Sunday, St. Mary's parish cenCHRISTMAS GIFTS FOR ATTLEBORO ter, N. Attleboro; information: 695NEEDY CHILDREN The Jesse Retreat, a family Advent 6161. NB area meeting 7 to 9 p.m. Parishioners of area churches are program, Dec. 14 to 16. Shared famSunday, Family Life Center, N. invited to sponsor an abused or ily activities, talks and projects, visit Dartmouth; Ellen O'Hara of NB .needy child through Christmas gift to LaSalette Shrine and Christmas Division of Human Services will program; information: Fran Parent, lights. No age limit. Information: speak on dealing with the holidays. 675-1145. 222-8530. 1nformation: 994-8676, 998-1313. FEAST OF CHRIST THE KING ST. MARY, NORTON CELEBRATION, NB Recreation nights at parish cenMen of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus ter: men's basketball 6:45 to 9 p.m. and Mary, Fairhaven, invite all to 2 Sundays; information: Steve Petrelli, p.m. adoration of Blessed Sacrament 285-4034; teens 8: 15 p.m. Tuesdays. Recent box office hits and 3 p.m. Mass Nov. 25, O.L. Assumption Church, 47 S. Sixth St., ST. JOSEPH, TAUNTON 1. Jacob's Ladder, A-III (R) Confirmation students will host NB. 2. Sibling Rivalry, A-III (PG-13) an "afternoon adventure" involving 3. Ghost, A-III (PG-13) ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI, NB crafts and video presentation for Permission slips will be distrib4. White Palace, A-IV (R) children ages 3 and above, 2 to 5 uted to parents for a Dec. 17 CCD p.m. Dec. 2; registration forms at 5. Marked for Death, 0 (R) students' trip to LaSalette Shrine 6. Stephen King's Graveyard church. Christmas lights. Shift, 0 (R) SS PETER AND PAUL, FR O.L. VICTORY, CENTERVILLE 7. Memphis Belle, A-II (PG-13) CYO meeting6:30 p.m. Nov. 27 to Youth ministry social 6 p.m. Sun8. Graffiti Bridge, A-III (PG-13) discuss preparatioil of Christmas day, R.E. Center. 9. Quigley Down Under, Giving Tree. A-II (PG-13) O.L. CAPE, BREWSTER ST. MARY, FAIRHAVEN Forms will be available this week10. Avalon, A-I (PG) Baptism preparation class 7:30 CHRIST THE KING, MASHPEE end for parishioners to volunteer for p.m. Nov. 27. Codependents group seeking preparation of Christmas dinner to volunteers to babysit during II :30 LEGION O,F MARY be served in parish center and delia.m. to I p.m. meetings Thursdays. Annual reunion 2 p.m. Sunday, vered to shut-ins. Committee chairParishioners and active and former St. Jude's Chapel of Christ the King persons are needed; contact Elinor members of Legion of Mary invited Church, Mashpee. Along, 394-5870. to Benediction and rosary 2 p.m. Sunday. St. Jude's Chapel. Advent wreath making 2 p.m. Dec. 2.

LOUIS de FRANCE, 16 THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Nov. 23, 1990"" ·'ST. SWANSEA

Iteering pOintl PUBLICITY CHAIRMEN Ire I.ked to .ubmlt new. Item. for thl. column to TIle Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fill Rlver,02722. Hlme of city or town Ihould be Included, II well I I full dlt.. of III ICtlvIII... PI......nd new. of future rlther thin Pllt event•. Note: We do not normilly Clrry newe of fundrll.lnglctlvltl... We Ire hlpp.y to Clrry notlc.. of Iplrltull progreqlS,club meeting., youth prolect'lnd I I . ... nonprofit ICtlvltl... Fund"lllng p _~ mlY be Idvertl..d It our regullr ret btllnlble from TIle Anchor bUIIn••i.offlce, telephone 875-7151. OJ; ·Ste.rlng Point. Item. FR Indlclt.. Fill ·Rlver, NB Indlclt.1 New Bedford.

ST. ANTHONY OF DESERT, FR Exposition of Blessed Sacrament noon to 6 p.m. Dec. 2 with holy hour at 5 p.m. HOLY NAME, FR Women's Guild dinner Dec. 4, Tarragon's restaurant, the Highlands.

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Continued from Page 15 gram to students in various grade levels. Eighth grade students are visiting Sacred Heart Nursing Home twice a month as part of their service club activities. Each student has a "senior pal" with whom to talk or play games during visits. Students pray daily for u.s. military personnel in the Persian Gulf. Sixth-, seventh- and eighthgraders have sent letters of encouragement, while nursery students have prepared packages containing books, tapes, word games, candy, talcum powder and tissues to be sent overseas. Computer teacher Marge Mello has assigned eighth-graders to create daily computer logs, inspired by the television series Doogie Howser, MD. The program is intended ·to enrich language and writing skills as well as enhance computer learning. Another of Mrs. Mello's computer projects had sixth-graders writing letters to Catholic schools all over the country in conjunction with the school's recent 25th anniversary celebration ..Students sent a brief history of St. Mary's and information on New Bedford and the whaling industry, along with a request for reciprocal information. Some responses have already been received.

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11.23.90