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V.20 | N.3  FALL 2015


Assessing the Threats— A Look from Michigan’s Experts

Douglas E. Patton, FESD ESD’s 111th President ESD Annual Dinner Celebrates the Best


ESD Honors 50-Year Members at Diamond Luncheon 14

ESD Launches University Student Chapters


Congratulations T













ESD College of Fellows Inductees – Lawrence Technological University Nabil F. Grace, Dean, College of Engineering Andrew L. Gerhardt, Associate Professor, College of Engineering Janice K. Means, Associate Professor, College of Architecture and Design

ESD College of Fellows Inductees – Alumni Vincent G. Dow, Vice-President and Chief Engineer, DTE Energy Monique A. Lake, Instructor, Consortium College Preparatory

Outstanding Leadership Award – Alumni Sue Littles, Lead Architectural Designer and CAD Administrator, DTE Energy

Your accomplishments and leadership inspire the entire Lawrence Technological University community!

Lawrence Technological University 21000 West Ten Mile Road, Southfield, MI 48075-1058 800.225.5588 |

Over 100 programs in Colleges of Architecture and Design,| Arts and Sciences, Engineering, and Management.

Outgoing ESD President Kouhaila G. Hammer, CPA, President & CEO, Ghafari Associates, LLC, passes the gavel to incoming ESD President Douglas E. Patton, FESD, Executive Vice President & Chief Technical Officer, Engineering Division, DENSO International America, Inc.



FALL 2015




12 13 14 15 16


I N.3


22 Open Government vs. Cybersecurity: A Constant Balancing Act 23 How Do You Fight Cybersecurity Fires with an Empty Firehouse? 24 What Keeps a Cybersecurity Guru Up at Night?

26 A Mechanical Engineer Talks Car Hacking BY ALLISON MILLS

27 Scaling Up Cybersecurity 28 Merit Network, State Organize Michigan’s Cyber Defenders

ESD ANNUAL DINNER | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 1


Nearly all of today’s major challenges are technologically, culturally, and politically complex. At Michigan Technological University, students are educated to understand and develop solutions to these challenges. We invite you to check out our nationally ranked and internationally recognized programs.



We are large enough to be rich in resources and small enough to provide a highly personalized graduate education.

We provide excellent opportunities to support your education through research and teaching assistantships.



Enjoy hands-on, real-life research and laboratory experiences.

You will gain the knowledge and skills sought by industry, government agencies, and academia. / Phone 906-487-2327 / Email Michigan Technological University is an equal opportunity educational institution/equal opportunity employer, which includes providing equal opportunity for protected veterans and individuals with disabilities.




V.20 I N.3  FALL 2015

20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450  •  Southfield, MI 48076 248–353–0735  •  248–353–0736 fax  •  •

Thomas M. Doran, PE, FESD Editorial Board Chair Retired, Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc.

Technology Century Editorial Board

CHAIR: Thomas M. Doran, PE, FESD, Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. (Retired) Nuha Alfahham Sandra Diorka, Delhi Charter Township Utpal Dutta, PhD, University of Detroit Mercy William A. Moylan, PhD, PMP, FESD, Eastern Michigan University Mark A. Nasr, Esq., Plunkett Cooney John G. Petty, FESD, General Dynamics (Retired) Filza H. Walters, Lawrence Technological University Lynley M. Weston, PE, LEED AP BD+C, Turner Construction Co. Yang Zhao, PhD, Wayne State University STAFF LIAISON: Matt Roush, The Engineering Society of Detroit

ESD Board of Directors

PRESIDENT: Douglas E. Patton, FESD, DENSO International America, Inc. VICE PRESIDENT: Daniel E. Nicholson, General Motors Company TREASURER: Steven E. Kurmas, PE, FESD, DTE Energy SECRETARY: Robert Magee, The Engineering Society of Detroit IMM. PAST PRESIDENT: Kouhaila G. Hammer, CPA, Ghafari Associates, LLC MEMBERS AT LARGE: Larry Alexander, Detroit Metro Convention and Visitors Bureau

Katherine M. Banicki, FESD, Testing Engineers and Consultants Michael D. Bolon, FESD, General Dynamics Land Systems (Retired) Patrick J. Devlin, Michigan Building Trades Council Robert A. Ficano, JD, Wayne County Community College District Farshad Fotouhi, PhD, Wayne State University Lori Gatmaitan, SAE Foundation Malik Goodwin, Goodwin Management Group, LLC Susan S. Hawkins, FESD, Detroit Medical Center Alex F. Ivanikiw, AIA, LEED AP, Barton Malow Company Ali Jammoul, Ford Motor Company David C. Munson, Jr., PhD, FESD, University of Michigan Scott Penrod, Walbridge Bill Rotramel, FCA US LLC (Retired) Kirk T. Steudle, PE, FESD, Michigan Department of Transportation Satish S. Udpa, PhD, FESD, Michigan State University William J. Vander Roest, PE, ZF TRW Lewis N. Walker, PhD, PE, FESD, Lawrence Technological University Rich Wells, The Dow Chemical Company Terry J. Woychowski, FESD, American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings, Inc.

This issue’s theme is “Cyber Security,” and who isn’t worried about that? Will someone in China or Bulgaria or Tampa be able to commandeer our home’s smart system or our car or the airplane we’re on and do bad things? And who can prevent such mischief? In this issue, we’re looking at the threat landscape from the perspective of the Michigan Cyber Range and other experts on this constantly evolving subject. The bottom line is many systems are vulnerable—as many of us have learned firsthand, but the good news is many organizations and institutions are working hard to stay ahead of threats, and progress is being made, though we don’t hear about progress as often as we hear gloom and doom. We like feedback. Send us an email or note and let us know what you think: Matt Roush at, or me at

Technology Century Staff

PUBLISHER: Robert Magee, Executive Director CREATIVE DIRECTOR: Nick Mason, Director of Operations MANAGING EDITOR: Matt Roush, Director of Communications and Public Relations GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Keith Cabrera-Nguyen

Technology Century (ISSN 1091-4153 USPS 155-460) is published four times per year by The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD), 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450, Southfield, MI 48076. Periodical postage paid at Southfield, MI, and at additional mailing offices. The authors, editors, and publisher will not accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made in this publication. The publisher makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein. Advertisements in Technology Century for products, services, courses, and symposia are published with a caveat emptor (buyer beware) understanding. The authors, editors, and publisher do not imply endorsement of products, nor quality, validity or approval of the educational material offered by such advertisements.

Support Your Profession: Join the ESD Legacy Society To become a member of the ESD Legacy Society, simply include ESD in your estate planning and let us know. Please contact Heather Lilley at 248-353-0735, ext. 120, or, for more information.

Subscriptions to Technology Century are available to nonmembers for $25 per year. ©2015 The Engineering Society of Detroit | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 3

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4 | TechCentury | Fall 2015


Supporting Our Society T

his month’s issue of TechCentury covers the issue of cybersecurity from a variety of perspectives, and we’re sure you’ll be interested. But there are plenty of other things going on at The Engineering Society of Detroit as well. Not least of which is a new ESD president—and that would be me. It’s a real honor for me to step in as the 111th president of this venerable Society, which dates back to 1895. Now, as then, ESD strives to provide valuable services to its members, while also running programs to foster the next generation of engineers and scientists, the high-tech leaders of tomorrow. I hope you’ll join me in promoting and supporting the events and programs of ESD, from Future City to Engineering SMArT Michigan to our Construction & Design Awards and our other ways of celebrating excellence in engineering, science and design. And I also hope you will consider both ongoing and legacy financial support for ESD. This issue takes a look back at our Annual Dinner, which featured those very Construction & Design Awards, as well as a recent program to honor some of our most senior members. We also celebrate the most successful ESD Golf Outing yet, which raised funds for engineering student scholarships, and for our new

ESD Student Chapters at Michigan’s top engineering colleges and universities. Back to cybersecurity. We’re all worried about the safety of our personal information, our financial records, and all the other things we now deal with online that used to come to us in the form of paper records. Engineers of various types play a crucial role in keeping this information secure, as you’ll find out here. We must look at this from a holistic prospective, bringing together all type of engineers and all parties—industry, academia and government— together to address the issue. Enjoy this issue of TechCentury, and we’ll see you again at the holidays! Sincerely,

Douglas E. Patton, FESD ESD President Executive Vice President & Chief Technical Officer, Engineering Division, DENSO International America, Inc. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 5


David Lomas

Ryan Maibach

Doug Maibach

Jane Graham

David A. Lomas, PE, has been named a Diplomate, Water Resources Engineer (D.WRE) of the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers, a subsidiary of the American Society of Civil Engineers. The D.WRE certification is the highest post-license certification available in the water resources engineering profession, representing strong professional ethics, a commitment to lifelong learning and continuing professional development. Lomas is an environmental engineer and watershed scientist at Northville-based NTH Consultants Ltd. with more than 35 years of experience in diverse environmental science and engineering projects. Lomas has an associate degree in business and computers from Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology, a bachelor of science in forestry from Michigan Technological University, a master of science in watershed science from Utah State University, a master of science in environmental engineering from the University of Michigan, and an MBA from Wayne State University. He is a licensed professional engineer. The commercial and industrial contracting firm Barton Malow Company announced that Ryan Maibach had been named chairman, president and CEO of the company. After more than 50 years of service, including more than 30 years as president or CEO, Ben Maibach III transitioned from chairman of Barton Malow Enterprises and CEO of Barton Malow Co. to Chief Community Officer, a new role where he will be involved with select client and community relationship building. Doug Maibach was named board chairman of Barton Malow Enterprises and will continue as executive vice president of Barton Malow Co. The Barton Malow Enterprises board is responsible for the overall direction of the company, which includes Barton Malow Co. and United Integrity Assurance. Barton Malow has more than 1,800 employees in 12 offices, with annual revenue of more than $1 billion. Bloomfield Hills-based Hubbell, Roth & Clark Inc. announced that Timothy Sullivan, PE, rejoined the firm as senior associate and Jane Graham, AIA, has rejoined HRC as associate. Sullivan will be responsible to lead project management efforts and provide technical engineering expertise for major wastewater treatment projects. Sullivan has taught a Professional Engineer Review course for The Engineering Society of 6 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

Adrianna Melchior

Nicole Franzen

Katelyn Sutphin

Detroit and is an active member of the Michigan Water Environment Association and the Water Environment Federation. He has 36 years of professional experience and is a licensed Professional Engineer in the state of Michigan. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering from Michigan State University and a master’s degree in Environmental Engineering from the University of Michigan. Graham, meanwhile, will provide architectural and industrial facilities design expertise as she previously provided while with HRC for 20 years of her 26 year career span. Graham is a licensed professional architect in the states of Michigan and Florida. She is a member of the American Institute of Architects and holds a bachelor’s degree in architecture from the University of Detroit. HRC also announced that Richard Nacey, PE, has been promoted to Structural Department Head. Nacey joined HRC in 1985 and has an extensive array of structural engineering experience. Nacey is a national and international patent holder for design of a bridge bearing system. He holds a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Michigan State University and a master’s degree in civil engineering from Wayne State University. In addition, Adrianna Melchior, AIA, LEED AP, has been promoted to Architectural Department Head. Melchior joined HRC in 2012. She has 15 years of professional experience and holds both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in Architecture from the University of Detroit Mercy. The Detroit-based architecture and engineering firm Harley Ellis Devereaux announced that its business development manager, Nicole R. Franzen, has been elected incoming president for the Society for Marketing Professional Services Michigan Chapter and Katelyn A. Sutphin, its marketing coordinator, as the incoming marketing director for the organization. SMPS is the only marketing organization dedicated to creating business opportunities in the architecture, engineering and construction industry. Franzen, a Southeast Michigan native, has been a member of SMPS for more than seven years and is a current director of organization. Sutphin has been a member of SMPS for more than three years, and has played an active role in leading the growing chapter’s robust marketing initiatives.


Another Longtime Member at ESD—Email Most people think email really took off in the 1990s. But for The Engineering Society of Detroit, it’s been around since the early 1980s—thanks to the connection between ESD and Lawrence Technological University. Dr. Wayne Buell, president of LTU from 1964 to 1977 and board chair and CEO until 1981, spearheaded the effort, according to Dr. Richard Marbuger, Buell’s successor as LTU president. LTU ramped up its first text-only email system in September 1982. That’s when John Grden, LTU’s IT director from 1974 to 2005, installed a small device called a Scanset at what was then ESD headquarters at the Rackham Building in midtown Detroit, and

College of Engineering

then-ESD executive director Doug Mathieson was in business with email. The transmission rate? A blistering 300 bits a second. “The device was a little bigger than a toaster,” Grden recalled. “It had a 9-inch black and white screen and a keyboard. The 300-baud modem was built in. You plugged it into the wall and you plugged it into a phone line. It had programmable function keys, so when you pressed a button, it dialed Lawrence Tech, and automatically entered the user name and password. You probably wouldn’t do it that way today. Not very secure.” At first, the device only allowed email communication between ESD and users at LTU. But Grden said that shortly after installing the Scanset at ESD, LTU started interconnecting with other universities, including the University of Michigan and Wayne State University. LTU had its own domain,, by the mid-1980s.

ENGINEERING EXCELLENCE IN DETROIT AND BEYOND Supporting student success through Hands-on Learning/Global Perspective/ Co-ops and Internships/Research/Community Engagement | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 7


Gap Coverage Insurance Life Disability Health Insurance Retirement Savings

Many employer provided employee benefit packages have SIGNIFICANT gaps in coverage that you are not aware of.

Looking for the best engineering candidates? Visit The ESD Job Bank is part of The Engineering & Science Career Network, a niche technical network that reaches more than 750,000 users nationwide. For job seekers and employers alike, the ESD Job Bank provides an effective online recruitment method to access the best quality jobs and candidates in one place, on a single network.

8 | TechCentury | Fall 2015


To obtain our FREE report email or call Bruce directly at 313-549-1880

The Ideal Place for Your Meeting or Event ESD has 4,500+ ft² of flexible meeting space for rent, seven days a week.  Groups of 5 to 100  Convenient location in Southfield  Ample free parking  Wireless Internet and AV equipment  Outside catering permitted

For more information, contact Mary Sheridan at 248-353-0735, ext. 222 or

In Memoriam With deep gratitude for their participation and service, The Engineering Society of Detroit acknowledges the passing of the following members.

Alvin G. Basmadjian

Retired/Supervisor, Traffic Engineering Operations, City of Detroit ESD Senior Engineers Council Member since 1986 Michigan won first place a the national Future City competition for the second year in a row. This program is possible only with the generous support of our members.

Help ESD keep Michigan #1 in Engineering Donations enable ESD to:  Establish ESD Student Chapters in each of the top 25 universities in Michigan  Provide scholarships to award outstanding high-school and undergraduate students.  Administer programs like Future City and Engineering SMArT Michigan that get kids excited about engineering.  Deliver networking & professional development opportunities for ESD members

Please consider making a gift to ESD today! To make a donation, you may do so securely online at, or mail your gift to: The Engineering Society of Detroit 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450 Southfield, MI 48076. For more information, please call 248-353-0735 or email

Dr. Jerry L. Crist

Retired/Professor of Chemistry, Lawrence Technological University Member since 1973

Richard Frank

CEO, K-R Automation Corp. Member since 1966

Ronald J. Gagnon

Gagnon Consulting P.L.L.C. Retired/Vice President, Ford Motor Co. Land Development ESD Membership Committee Future City Competition Judge Member since 1983

William C. Gruebnau, PE

Retired/Senior Vice President, Walbridge ESD Construction & Design Committee ESD Construction & Design Awards Committee Future City Competition Judge Member since 2001

Clyde R. Hopkins, PE

Retired/Director, City of Detroit Member since 1979

John E. Lobbia, FESD

Retired/Chairman & CEO, Detroit Edison Co. (DTE) Horace H. Rackham Humanitarian Award, 1995 ESD College of Fellows Member since 1979

Steve Robbins

Maner, Costerisan & Ellis, P.C. Member since 2006

Robert Alvin Sutton

Director, Business Dev., Griswold Engineering, Inc. Retired/Engineer in Ghc. Styling, General Motors Corp. Member since 1966 | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 9


US Farathane has been a leading source of plastics manufacturing, supplying the automotive industry for over 40 years.

US Farathane Corporation

O’Brien & Gere

Detroit Transportation Corporation

US Farathane is a leading plastics manufacturer headquartered in Auburn Hills, MI. US Farathane offers a wide range of highly engineered injection molded products along with specialized extrusion and compression technologies. The company provides a wide range of full-service support from black box design concepts to highly engineered composites, TPE’s and TPO’s as well as specialized extrusion and compression technologies. Through research and development, a diverse and experienced management team and dedicated associates located in eleven U.S. manufacturing facilities, US Farathane continues to be a leader in the plastics industry. For more information, please visit

Advanced Manufacturing. Energy. Environment. Water. For more than 70 years, O’Brien & Gere has specialized in engineering and problem solving, but the company’s real strength is creating comprehensive, integrated solutions for their clients. OBG strives to make the world a little better with every idea they put into action. This has been their way since 1945 and has proven even more essential over the years, as sustainability and the environment have become global topics. It’s this belief that will continues to guide them into the future. OBG’s expertise across service lines—coupled with their ability to bring the right team together—allows them to offer clients smart, sustainable solutions, project after project. For more information, visit

The Detroit People Mover (DPM) is a fully automated light rail system owned by the Detroit Transportation Corporation. Launched in 1987, the system operates on an elevated single-track loop in Detroit’s central business district; its 13 stations provide quick connections between the courts and administrative offices of several levels of government, sports arenas, exhibition centers, major hotels, and commercial, banking and retail districts. People Mover service is frequent and unencumbered by vehicle or pedestrian traffic, and at just 75 cents per ride, the public transit system continues to provide economic value for commuters, visitors and area residents. For more information, complete schedules, features, downtown events, and more, visit

BECOME AN ESD CORPORATE MEMBER TODAY For more information on becoming an ESD Corporate Member, please contact Heather Lilley at 248-353-0735, ext. 120, or 10 | TechCentury | Fall 2015


Ford Motor Company

AKT Peerless Environmental Services Altair Engineering American Axle Manufacturing American Center for Educational & Professional Services American Society of Employers Aristeo Construction Arrow Uniform The Bartech Group Barton Malow Company Brightwing Building Envelope Solutions, LLC CB Richard Ellis | Brokerage Services Central Michigan University Chrysan Industries Citizens Insurance Clark Hill, PLC CMS Enterprises Comfort Engineering Solutions, LLC Construction Association of Michigan Cornerstone Environmental Group, LLC CPCII Credit Union ONE Crime Stoppers of Southeast Michigan DENSO International America, Inc. Detroit Metro Convention & Visitors Bureau Detroit Transportation Corporation Dow Chemical Company DTE Energy DTE Energy Gas Operations Dürr Systems, Inc. Eastern Michigan University Education Planning Resources, Inc. Electrical Resources Company Electro-Matic Products, Inc. Energy Sciences Experis Farbman Group Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Financial One, Inc. FirstMerit Bank Fishman Stewart Yamaguchi PLLC Ford Motor Company

Fusion Welding Solutions Gala & Associates, Inc. Gates Corporation GDH General Dynamics General Motors Company Gensler George W. Auch Company Ghafari Associates, LLC Glenn E. Wash & Associates, Inc. Golder Associates Inc. Gonzalez Contingent Workforce Services GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. Harley Ellis Devereaux Hartland Insurance Group, Inc. Hindsight Consulting, Inc. Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. The Hunter Group LLC Ian Martin Engineering IBI Group Integrity Staffing Group, Inc. ITT Technical Institute Canton ITT Technical Institute Dearborn IBEW Local 58 & NECA LMCC Jervis B. Webb Company JNA Partners, Inc. Jozwiak Consulting, Inc. Kettering University Kitch Drutchas Wagner Valitutti & Sherbrook, PC Knovalent, Inc. Kolene Corporation Kostal North America Lawrence Technological University LHP Software Limbach Company, Inc. Link Engineering Co. LTI Information Technology Macomb Community College Maner, Costerisan & Ellis, PC Makino McNaughton-McKay Electric Company MICCO Construction


Michigan Regional Council of Carpenters Michigan State University Michigan Technological University Midwest Steel Inc. Monroe Environmental Corporation Myron Zucker, Inc. National Center for Manufacturing Sciences Neumann/Smith Architecture Newman Consulting Group, LLC NORR Architects Engineers Planners Northern Industrial Manufacturing Corp. NTH Consultants, Ltd. O’Brien and Gere Oakland University Optech LLC Original Equipment Suppliers Association Process Development Corporation Pure Eco Environmental Solutions R.L. Coolsaet Construction Co. ROWE Professional Services Company Rumford Industrial Group Ruby+Associates, Inc. Special Multi Services Talascend, LLC Testing Engineers & Consultants Thermal-Netics TRANE Commercial Systems Troy Chamber of Commerce TRW Automotive Turner Construction Co. UBS Financial Services - Lott Sheth Farber Group Universal Weatherstrip & Bldg. Supply University of Detroit Mercy University of Michigan University of Michigan-Dearborn US Farathane Corporation Wade-Trim Walbridge Walker-Miller Energy Services, LLC Wayne State University Western Michigan University Whitehall Industries | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 11

Michigan’s Future City National Champs Blast Off for Space Camp


he two-time defending Future City national champions from St. John Lutheran School in Rochester had an out of this world time at Space Camp at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Ala. in July. It was the first trip to Space Camp for the presentation team of Abby Dayton, Leah Schroeder, and Emily Abramczyk, who in January helped St. John earn the championship of the Future City Michigan Regional Competition, managed by The Engineering Society of Detroit. They earned the trip by winning the Future City National Championship in February. It was the second straight trip to Space Camp for team engineer-mentor Linda Gerhardt and St. John Lutheran teacher Jon Pfund, because it was the second straight national championship win for St. John Lutheran. The presentation team participated in Space Academy activities for students in grades 7 through 9, while Gerhardt and Pfund participated in Space Camp for Educators. The week included a full schedule of hands-on science, technology, engineering, and math activities with students and teachers from around the world, special guest speakers, simulated shuttle and lunar missions, astronaut training simulators, rocket building, and laboratory based experiments. The teams heard first-hand accounts of space flight and the development of NASA’s manned space program from speakers who were involved in those missions. Guest speakers included former teacher and astronaut Dottie Metcalf-Lindenberger, “Rocket Boys” author Homer Hickam, and former NASA public affairs officer and Space Camp Founder Edward O. Buckbee. In addition to all of the exciting activities throughout the week at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, the team also visited the Bentley Systems office in Huntsville for an honorary luncheon on Wednesday, July 22. Bentley is a major sponsor of the Future City Competition at the national level and the award sponsor for the national championship team. For more information on the Future City Competition, visit or contact Allison Marrs at or 248-353-0735, ext. 121. 12 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

ESD Goes ‘Back to School’ with University Chapters


he Engineering Society of Detroit is building the membership base of tomorrow, and providing students with a chance to start early on multi-disciplinary networking, with the launch of several student chapters this fall. ESD has long maintained a student chapter at Wayne State University. A chapter was added earlier this year at Lawrence Technological University in Southfield (pictured below). And this fall, ESD is in the process of adding chapters at Ferris State University, Michigan State University, Michigan Technological University, Oakland University, the University of Detroit Mercy, and the University of Michigan. ESD executive director Robert Magee said the student chapters are an important part of the future of the organization—and important in Michigan’s place in the engineering world.

“Engineering students almost always join professional organizations in their field of study,” he said. “But what makes ESD unique is that it is Michigan-centric, and that it is crossdisciplinary. Architects work alongside mechanical engineers and civil engineers and electrical engineers and computer scientists on the same projects. One of the many opportunities the college student chapters give their members is a chance to mentor middle-school and high-school youth through our Future City, Engineering SMArT Michigan and other programs. Our student chapters will help greatly in ESD’s goal to keep Michigan No. 1 in engineering.” Said Michigan Tech president Glenn Mroz: “With all the buzz about places across the country that depend on STEM talent, I think it’s important to keep the opportunities within Michigan in front of our students in as many ways as we can. Employers do a great job of that on Michigan campuses, and ESD chapters can be just one more way to reinforce the message that Michigan is a great place to live and work through providing information and networking.” We’ll be back in future issues with news of student chapter startups and activities. Also, watch for student chapter news on the TechCentury website, or contact Heather Lilley at 248-353-0735, ext. 120, or | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 13

ESD Honors 50-Year Members at Diamond Luncheon


he Engineering Society of Detroit honored more than 30 of its longest serving members and their guests at the Skyline Club in Southfield during its first Diamond Luncheon for 50-year members. Some, like Detroit native Richard Melcher, PE, have been involved with ESD even longer. “When I was 10 years old I used to go on ESD’s field trips,” said Melcher, 95, whose father, Austin Melcher, was an ESD member. “We toured the DetroitWindsor tunnel when it was being built in the late 1920s.” Melcher would go on to get a chemical engineering degree from the University of Michigan, and later passed examinations in mechanical and electrical engineering. After serving as a military policeman in World War II, he worked for the former Detroit drug maker Parke-Davis and the former Detroit computer maker Burroughs. Included in his posts: Designing ParkeDavis’ polio and influenza vaccine production plant in Rochester, and designing a microelectronics plant for Burroughs. He worked around the world for the two companies. 14 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

His advice for young engineers? “Before you do any work on solving a problem, find out what’s causing the problem. You’d be surprised how many engineers try to solve problems without bothering to try to find out what’s causing them.” Another veteran ESD member, Henry Horldt, PE, 89, joined ESD after getting his mechanical engineering degree from the University of Michigan. He worked for several machining companies for 25 years before starting his own company, Leader Machine Products, when he was 48. He sold the company in 1993 after 20 years in business. He also received a degree in industrial engineering from what was then the Lawrence Institute of Technology. His advice? “You make choices in this life. You choose a direction. And you should not look back. This industry always changes, so what was is no more. You have to understand that.” Another longtime member, Ray Okonski, said he joined ESD for the PE exam preparation class —but has stayed a member ever since because ESD gave him “ the

ability to make friends and talk to people in a familiar language. Engineers kind of talk in their own sphere. It was always a friendly place, and at that time, there weren’t many clubs that were engineering oriented, where you could think like an engineer and act like an engineer. I got a lot of camaraderie out of it.” Okonski, 89, got a bachelor of science in industrial engineering and an MBA from the University of Michigan, and spent his career working for Michigan Wire Cloth Co., a Detroit-based manufacturer of high-tech woven metals that was later owned by Bosch and United Technologies. Later, he started several small businesses, including a data conversion business that transferred old computer tapes onto more modern media, and a computer rental company. Member Stanley Beattie, 78, joined ESD 51 years ago, early in his career at what would become ANR Pipeline Co. – initially because his vice president paid for it. But he said he quickly learned the value of ESD membership.

A Day of Golf To Support Engineering in Michigan

First-place winners were Team DTE (top) on Honors and Team Design Systems (bottom) on Champs.

Thank you to Next Generation Services Group (pictured above) and DTE Energy for supporting the outing as Diamond Sponsors.


SD’s fourth annual Golf Outing on June 1, 2015, at Oak Pointe Country Club in Brighton, was our most successful to date, with record, full capacity attendance of 200 golfers. The outing, held in memory of David A. Skiven, provides our supporters with a fun day of networking and golf, but it also raises money to help ESD fulfill its mission to keep Michigan No. 1 in engineering. This year, with the generous help of our supporters, we raised more than ever before. The proceeds will help fund the launch of new ESD Student Chapters at each of Michigan’s top 25 universities with engineering programs, and will also provide scholarships to engineering students. Save the date now for next year’s ESD golf outing, to be held Monday, June 6, 2016. We will be at the same venue, and we plan to sell out earlier—so please sign up early to guarantee your spot!

Debbie Bishop won Nearest to the Pin in the women’s Honors course category. Steven Reardon won in the men’s category on the Honors course. Chet Jablonski and Marisa Varga were nearest to the pin on the Champs course. The Longest Drive Winners were Pat French and Margaret Hoolighan (Honors) and Don Gualdoni and Marisa Varga (Champs).

Second-place winners were Team Barton Malow on the Honors Course and Team Mari Kay Scott on the Champs course. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 15

HONORING EXCELLENCE Nearly 300 members and guests of The Engineering Society of Detroit gathered June 24 at The Detroit Institute of Arts for ESD’s 2015 Annual Dinner.

Kouhaila G. Hammer presents the Horace H. Rackham Humanitarian Award to Roy H. Link, FESD

ESD bestowed its highest honor, the Horace H. Rackham Humanitarian Award, on longtime Michigan engineering leader and ESD volunteer Roy H. Link, FESD, chairman and CEO of Plymouthbased Link Engineering Co., which was founded by his father Herbert in 1935. ESD PRESENTED ITS 41ST ANNUAL CONSTRUCTION & DESIGN AWARDS TO THE FOLLOWING:

Douglas E. Patton, FESD, offers his first remarks as ESD’s 111th President.

 St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital South Tower— owner: Trinity Health Systems/St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital; designer: HKS Architects; contractor: Barton Malow Company.  Oakland University Engineering Center—owner: Oakland University; designer: SmithGroupJJR; contractor: Walbridge.  Wayne State University Advanced Technology Education Center—owner, Wayne State University, designer NORR LLC, contractor The Christman Company  I-96 Reconstruction Project— owner: Michigan Department of Transportation; designer: MDOT/G2 Consulting Group; contractor: Dan’s Excavating Inc. C&D AWARD HONORABLE MENTIONS WERE:  FCA Sterling Heights Assembly Plant, 2015 UF Program Body Shop—owner: FCA US LLC; designer NSA Architects, Engineers, Planners, contractor, Walbridge.  John D. Dingell Transit Center—owner: City of Dearborn; designer: Neumann/Smith Architecture and SmithGroupJJR; contractor: Tooles/Clark Joint Venture.

16 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

Distinguished members of the ESD College of Fellows in attendance at the Annual Dinner.


Kouhaila G. Hammer presents ESD’s Lifetime Achievement Award to Richard J. Haller, FESD

Outstanding College Student Award winner LaMyra Stevenson with Alan Thomas from DTE.

Annual Dinner Left: Newly inducted ESD Fellow Terry J. Woychowski (center), with family and fellow board members Katherine M. Banicki, FESD, (far left) and Lori Gatmaitan (far right)

 ESD Lifetime Achievement Award: Richard J. Haller, FESD, president and COO (Retired), Walbridge.  ESD College of Fellows Inductees: Vincent G. Dow, PE, vice president and chief engineer, DTE Energy; Andrew L. Gerhart, PhD, associate professor of mechanical engineering, Lawrence Technological University; Nabil F. Grace, PhD, PE, dean, College of Engineering, Lawrence Technological University; Monique A. Lake, science teacher, Ypsilanti High School; Janice K. Means, PE, LEED AP, associate professor, Lawrence Technological University; Pranab Saha, PhD, PE, INCE Bd Cert, secretarytreasurer and principal consultant, Kolano and Saha Engineers Inc.; and Terry J. Woychowski, senior vice president, advanced engineering and quality, American Axle and Manufacturing Holdings Inc.  ESD Distinguished Service Awards: Kathleen Nauer, president, Financial One Accounting Inc.; Michael Ryan, senior vice president, Ghafari Associates LLC; Terry J. Woychowski, senior vice president, advanced engineering and quality, American Axle and Manufacturing Holdings Inc.  ESD Leadership Awards: Thomas M. Doran, PE, FESD, retired principal and vice president, Hubbell, Roth & Clark Inc.; John Fillion, retired, Chrysler LLC; Douglas M. Gatrell, PE, associate, ConestogaRovers & Associates: Sue Littles, FESD, lead architectural designer and CAD administrator, DTE Energy; Leslie A. Smith, CMP, senior director of programs and budgets, The Engineering Society of Detroit; and Thomas R. Wroblewski, Ford performance electrical systems engineer, Ford Motor Co.  Outstanding Young Engineer of the Year: Andrew J. Hermiz, PE, LEED AP BD+C, structural engineer, Harley Ellis Devereaux.  Outstanding College Student Awards: LaMyra Stevenson, University of Michigan-Dearborn; David Zoltowski, Michigan State University.  Outstanding High School Student Awards: Catherine Bartz, Oxford High School; Matthew J. McAllister, Jr., Career Preparation Center and Cousino High School, Warren. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 17



PE Continuing Education Classes The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD) provides professional engineers in Michigan with opportunities to meet continuing education requirements. Current PEs can take ESD review course classes on an à la carte basis to satisfy state requirements. The instructor-led, half-day courses are taught by academic and industry professionals. All courses are held on Saturdays at ESD Headquarters in Southfield. October 10 8:30 am–12:30 p.m. Transportation/Traffic 1:00 – 5:00 p.m. HVAC October 17 8:30 am–12:30 p.m. Waste Water Collection & Treatment 1:00–5:00 p.m. Machine Design The cost per half-day course is $100 for ESD members and $125 for non-members. For more information on the continuing education classes or to register, visit or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or

18 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

Professional Engineer Licensing Review Courses Since 1941, The Engineering Society of Detroit has successfully prepared thousands of candidates for the State licensing exam in a variety of disciplines ranging from civil and environmental to mechanical and electrical engineering. You’ll learn in a small classroom-like setting from instructors who have first-hand knowledge of the course material. Let our 70-plus years of experience help prepare you to pass the exam on your first try.

FE (Part I) Review Course

PE (Part II) Review Course

The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Part I Review Course provides 60 hours of instruction in engineering fundamentals for candidates planning to take Part I of the Professional Engineers Exam. The classes are held Tuesdays and Thursdays from 6-9 p.m. and on Saturdays (morning or afternoon depending on discipline) at ESD headquarters in Southfield. For details on the review courses or to register, visit www. or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or

The Principles & Practice of Engineering (PE) Part II Review Courses consists of 24 hours of instruction, on six half-day Saturday sessions, focusing on problem solving techniques needed for the Professional Engineers (Part II) exam. All classes are held on Saturdays at ESD headquarters in Southfield. The civil engineering course meets 8:30 a.m.–12:30 p.m. Mechanical, environmental and electrical courses are 1–5 p.m. The state exam will be held on April 15, 2016. For more information on the review courses or to register, visit or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or Michigan requires applicants to be pre-approved to sit for the Principles & Practice of Engineering (PE) Exam. The deadline to apply is January 15, 2016 for the April 15, 2016 exam. Visit for more information.

Tuesdays & Thursdays, February 2–April 7, 2016

Current PEs can take ESD review course classes on an á la carte basis to satisfy state requirements.

Saturdays, February 13– March 26, 2016


Operational Excellence Breakfast A Business over Breakfast Event Wednesday, November 4, 2015 Join speaker Jon E. Jipping, PE, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer at Novibased ITC Holdings Corp., at this educational event. Attendees will leave with a three-step plan to make operational excellence their personal mantra. Cost is $40 or $25 for ESD members and includes a continental breakfast. See website for other rates. 7:30–9 a.m. at ESD headquarters in Southfield. Please contact Matt Roush at 248-353-0735, ext. 112, or for more info. Register online at

Engineering & Technology Job Fair Monday, November 16, 2015 Employers: If you have job openings and are looking to hire the best engineering and technical professionals, then we invite you to exhibit at Michigan’s premier and largest engineering and technology job fair of its kind. Job Seekers: The ESD job fair is your best opportunity to meet one-on-one with representatives from leading engineering and technology companies. The Job Fair will be held from 2 – 7 p.m. at the Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi. For more information on exhibiting or attending, visit or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at 248-353-0735, ext. 152, or


ESD Construction & Design Awards Entry Deadline: February 29, 2016


North American International Cyber Summit 2015 Hosted by Governor Rick Snyder Monday, October 26, 2015 The North American International Cyber Summit 2015 will bring together experts from across the globe to address a variety of cybersecurity issues impacting the world of business, education, information technology, economic development, law enforcement and personal use. The agenda for the event will feature internationally recognized keynote speakers as well as experts from around the country. The State of Michigan has long been considered a national leader on cybersecurity, leading the discussion on emerging trends and best practices in policy, law, and all manner of public and private interests. The conference will take place at the COBO Center in Detroit. Cost to attend is $79. (A discount rate of $59 is available to students and members of several organizations.) For more information or to register, visit

ESD’s Construction and Design Awards are unique in that they honor the three primary members of the building team—owners, designers, and constructors—and recognize outstanding team achievement and innovative use of technology. Submissions are being accepted from project teams composed of owner, designer and constructor. At least one of the primary members of the product team must be a member of The Engineering Society of Detroit. Entries may be submitted for:  New buildings or significant construction  Renovations and additions  Significant engineered systems, e.g. infrastructure, transportation, bridges, tunnels, processing facilities, etc.  Significant restoration, redesign and renovation of historical structures and engineered systems in Michigan. All original structures must be at least 50 years of at the time of submission. For more information on how to submit entries, visit or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at or 248-353-0735, ext. 152. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 19



Michigan Regional Future City Competition: Mentors and Judges Needed Competition Day: Monday, January 25, 2016 Inspire the future by taking part in the Michigan Regional Future City Competition. Designed to engage middle school students’ interest in math, science, and engineering through real-life, practical and hands-on activities, Future City is a cross-curricular educational program where students work as a team with an educator and volunteer mentor to design a city of the future. Mentors: Mentors spend an hour or two a week between now and January coaching and advising their team. The mentor is an integral part of the Future City team. Serving as the team advisor and advocate for all phases of the program, the mentor makes connections to real life engineering experiences, serves as a coach, and helps students translate the academic to the real world of engineering. People who work in the engineering community are preferred to serve as mentors. This includes engineers, technical professionals, architects, and city or urban planners. 20 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

SAVE THE DATE th, 2016 April 26th18Annual Solid Waste Technical Conference

Judges: The role of the judge is to draw on their expertise and April 18, 2016 — Conference Day resources to fairly judge the team’s April 19, 2016 — Training Day efforts. Judges are needed for three Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center deliverables of the project: 1. Virtual City Design—Students design a virtual city using SimCity software and present their city’s progress via a slideshow presentation. The slideshow presentations will be judged in December and January. This year’s waste management challenge: Waste Not, Want Not. 2. City Description—The 1,500word essays will be judged in December and January. 3. Model and Team Presentation —Attend on competition day, January 25, 2016, and evaluate the team’s physical models and oral presentations. To volunteer or for more information on mentoring, contact Allison Marrs at or 248-353-0735, ext. 121. To volunteer or for more information on judging, contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.

in East Lansing, MI

DTE/ESD Energy Conference and Exhibition May 3, 2016

ESD Annual Golf Outing June 6, 2016 Visit for more information on upcoming programs.


For College Funding, Start Early and Keep Saving BY ANTHONY R. LOTT

very person has different goals, but nearly all tell us that funding college for their children and grandchildren is a top priority. College gets more expensive every year, but one thing is certain: the sooner your funding strategy begins, the better. At current rates of tuition inflation, parents of children born this year can expect to pay more than $500,000 for a four-year private college education and more than $250,000 for a four-year $160,000


$120,000 $82,407

$80,000 $40,000 $0


Age 5

public in-state college education.1 But the sooner you start, the better prepared you’re likely to be. For example, by starting to save when a child is born and contributing $350 monthly for 18 years, total assets in an education account could surpass $135,000 by the time college arrives (see chart).2 Delaying just a few years can significantly reduce potential available assets—and to catch up, you’d have to make much larger contributions. A 529 College Savings Plan is a popular way for parents and grandparents of younger children to save for college. A 529 account allows tax-free accumulation and withdrawal of assets for qualified expenses at most U.S. colleges and universities. Earnings on nonqualified withdrawals may be subject to federal income tax and a 10% federal penalty tax, as well

as state and local income taxes. Offered and administered by individual states, 529 plans provide a variety of professionally managed investment options—from which to choose. And many 529 plans offer special state income tax deductions to investors. These plans are especially versatile when it comes to contributions and gifting. Anyone, such as grandparents, relatives and even family friends, can make tax-free contributions up to their individual annual gift exemption of $14,000 or $28,000 for $42,990 married couples. Consider Age 10 asking grandparents or extended family members to serve as owners of 529 plans, because assets held this way do not factor in to your Expected Family Contribution, which affects financial aid eligibility. In addition, 529 plans allow you to make a one-time accelerated contribution without incurring gift tax. The contribution may be equal to as much as five years’ worth of annual contributions, up to the combined annual gift tax exemption. Based on the 2013 gift tax exemption of $14,000 per person, you and your spouse could contribute $140,000 ($28,000 x 5) to a 529 plan at once, putting more money to work faster and removing assets from your taxable estate more quickly. Beyond 529 plans, you might consider establishing a Coverdell Education Savings Account,

which is similar to an IRA. A Coverdell allows for contributions of up to $2,000 per year per child, provided the contributor meets certain income guidelines. Unlike 529 plans, proceeds from a Coverdell ESA can be used for all levels of education, including K-12. However, only individuals with adjusted gross income of less than $110,000 ($220,000 for married couples) may contribute to a Coverdell ESA. Starting early is key to building up the financial reserves you’ll need to for your children’s college fund and these options are some of the best strategies available to help you do just that. 1 - Source: UBS Financial Goal Analysis; Thompson Financial. Based on 6% annual rate of tuition inflation and college costs as reported to Thompson Financial. 2 - Source: UBS Financial Goal Analysis. Anthony R. Lott, CFP, CIMA, CRPC, is Vice President-Investments at UBS Financial Services Inc.

Want to Reduce College Costs? The Engineering Society of Detroit has partnered with Education Planning Resources (EPR) to provide members with information and strategies to help save on college tuition. Founded in 2008, EPR provides answers and solutions to your college planning concerns. For more information, visit or call 248-359-8300. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 21


Open Government vs. Cybersecurity

A Constant Balancing Act BY MATT ROUSH


overnment—the public’s business—is supposed to be done in public. But these days, that presents a major conflict with cybersecurity, according to Rod Davenport, Michigan’s chief security officer with the Department of Technology, Management and Budget. Davenport acknowledges that along with stuff taxpayers have a right to see, is personally identifiable information about some of those taxpayers that the state has a duty to safeguard against hacking “There is a desire and requirement for transparency in government,” Davenport said. “A lot of the (state government) information, because it is taxpayer-funded, is intended to be widely available. That imposes some actual constraints and some mindset constraints. Paying attention to where the data sits and what potential risks that poses to the organization creates special challenges.” Davenport said the state, as an IT organization, faces the same threats as any other holder of large amounts of valuable information—hacking, phishing, social engineering. “We do our best to make sure the citizen data we are entrusted with is well-protected,” he said, but added that “many experts say it’s not a question of if, but when, any organization will be hacked.” Guarding against that is a staff of about 40 people dedicated to security at DTMB, along with others distributed throughout the department. Davenport says the state sees to it that they’re well trained, “if not state of the art then state of the practice.” He said the state also works with private sector IT security firms such as Symantec, Accenture, and Deloitte. Davenport noted that the mass media have raised the level of awareness of hacker attacks—but has also raised the awareness of hackers that there’s publicity and fame to be made, along with money. “It’s kind of fashionable to be a hacker now, which complicates things,” he said. Also complicating things are social media, which present a new vector for threats and intrusions, although they also “give you some forewarning” that an attack may be imminent. Davenport joined state government in 2012 after an 11-year career in various IT and information security roles at DTE Energy. He has a bachelor of science in information systems from Lawrence Technological University. Overall, Davenport said, state government is “a treasure trove of information. It’s a challenge that everyone faces, this arms race between defense and attack. We are challenged to try to keep up, and unfortunately there is no magic bullet. Eternal vigilance being the price of freedom also applies to cybersecurity.” 22 | TechCentury | Fall 2015


How Do You Fight Cybersecurity Fires with an Empty Firehouse? BY MATT ROUSH


t isn’t just malware and other cybersecurity threats that bother Eastern Michigan University professor Samir Tout. He also wonders how you put out fires when nobody wants to be a firefighter. Tout, Professor of Information Assurance at EMU’s School of Information Security & Applied Computing, points to studies that show a million tech job openings in the United States between now and 2020, just five short years away. “How are we going to fill those?” he asks. That’s one of the reasons Tout not only researches malware, but also helps run events like EMU’s Digital Divas, which last spring brought 400 middle and high school girls to EMU, where they learned to code, worked with robots, and just in general got exposed to the fun of technology and engineering. “I think we should try our best to initiate programs that give the opportunity for our kids at various levels, from early elementary school, expose them to coding, expose them to technologies,” Tout said. “If we look at the next generation, my 3 year old when he was 2 was flipping through my iPad and starting apps. They can run this technology at a very early age. But what we need to do is, as soon as they become able to interact with technology at a higher level, to teach them how to configure and code.” The need is real, Tout said: “We’re done with the era when we just had a boot sector infected by a virus. It’s become like an ecosystem now. There are tools and tutorials available online that allow anybody to download and configure malware. There is also a market where they can purchase such programs and launch it against any innocent person. That’s disturbing, but an unfortunate truth. Malware nowadays has evolved to include very powerful programs that contain the capabilities that were otherwise used to defend systems. They use encryption and really high powered technology that shape shifts, if you will, in certain cases, and can sit dormant for months or years before it announces itself, and all that time it is sifting through data and

exporting it to some server across the globe.” Like most other experts contacted by ESD, Tout also worries about the security vulnerability of the “Internet of Things”—or, even at a larger scale, the Internet of Everything. “There are some statistics that say by 2020, will be almost 40 billion devices that will be connected to the internet,” he said. “Basically, we are adding everything. That’s the plan, at least. Our fridges, cars, ovens, houses, all connected. Now, as soon as we connect something we are practically exposing it to potential hacking, especially if you look at the connected car... This whole connected vehicle thing, planes, boats, cars, kind of reminds me of the 1990s web frenzy when everybody was rushing to get their businesses online and only worried about functionality, not worried at all about security.” The automakers in particular, Tout said, are “opening their cars to third party developers and opening a whole new can of worms…it could be a recipe for disaster if it’s not well architected and designed. The more you connect, the wider attack surface you create.” The key answer, Tout said, is education. “We need to educate people well, businesses need to educate their employees. One of the security principles I keep repeating is that we’re as strong as our weakest link, and that weakest link is typically us as human beings, because we can usually easily be fooled through social engineering and phishing into giving up sensitive information.” At EMU, that effort takes the form of an accredited Information Assurance program that teaches students the practical and ethical sides of security, as well as awareness programs, such as a Cyber Security Awareness Committee, or CyberSAC, which Tout co-founded to help spread awareness around the university about basic security measures. “The way to fight this is really to conduct continuous research,” Tout said. “Research is a very powerful tool that should be funded in this area and should be continuously evolving so that we stay a step ahead.” | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 23

WHAT KEEPS A CYBERSECURITY GURU UP AT NIGHT? Like a lot of security experts, Richard Chasdi doesn’t sleep particularly well at night. Neither does his Walsh College colleague, Barbara Ciaramitaro.

Barbara Ciaramitaro

Both these Detroit–area experts say cybersecurity, and the broader issue of counterterrorism in general, are a constantly evolving game of measure and countermeasure, where one false move or failure can bring consequences ranging from the inconvenient to the inconceivable. Chasdi joined the Walsh faculty in 2013 from Wayne State University and the University of Windsor, following a long career in security consulting. He is the author of three books on the topic—“Serenade of Suffering” (1999), “Tapestry of Terror” (2002) and “Counterterror Offensives for the Ghost War World” (2010). As a professor in Walsh’s Center for Complex and Strategic Decisions, he brings scientific rigor and statistical analysis to bear on the seemingly unpredictable world of terrorism. Chasdi has his Ph.D. from Purdue, a master’s degree from Boston College and a bachelor’s from Brandeis University. He also has a special term appointment in complex systems and national security at Argonne National Laboratory. Ciaramitaro joined Walsh College in 2008, after a long career in IT, cybersecurity and project management at General Motors and several large law firms. She also worked at Ferris State University, where she helped develop that school’s program in information security and intelligence. She has a PhD in information science and security from Nova Southeastern University, a master’s degree in software engineering administration from Central Michigan University and an undergraduate degree in psychology from Wayne State University.

So what keeps these two up at night? Said Chasdi: “In the broadest sense, lone wolf terrorism and the relationship between terrorism in the physical sense and cyberterrorism and what people call hybrid attacks that combine the two.” Here’s an example other security experts use: Remember that sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway system in 1995? Imagine if those people had been able to use cyberwar techniques to stop the trains, turn off the lights, turn off the escalators. Instead of 12 deaths and thousands of relatively minor injuries, those numbers might have been turned around. 24 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

Richard Chasdi

Chasdi also said he believes companies will increasingly have to provide a budget for buying off the vulnerabilities identified by the IT security consultants they didn’t know they had—gray–market hackers. “I worry about zero day exploits, essentially computer attacks that are devised by highly skilled hackers after they find faults in widely used software,” Chasdi said. “Then what these hackers do is sell these zero day exploits in gray markets—to take these exploits off the market.” (For more on this, Chasdi recommends a book by Shane Harris called “@War.”) Big tech companies and government agencies have budgets to buy these exploits, Chasdi said. He believes the auto industry must look at doing so as well—or there will be more hacked cars. Ciaramitaro said there’s already evidence of cyberattacks being conducted on infrastructure—although so far, on a relatively small scale. She said she’s worried about attacks on Internet connectivity embedded in millions of devices—the so-called Internet of Things. A recent Hewlett-Packard study, she said, showed that upwards of 80 percent of connected devices are vulnerable to hacking. “It’s still about money most of the time,” she said. “But it’s no longer about data. Now it’s about the ability to alter the function of embedded devices.” Like tanks. At the National Defense Industrial Association’s recent Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium, Michigan National Guard Gen. Michael Stone talked about a future in which the connectivity of modern weapons and military vehicles whose connectivity might be used against them. And there are also much more prosaic targets. Let’s say you have internet-connected appliances— wonderful! But now it’s possible that the bad guys could turn your broiler up full blast and leave it there and burn down your house, or turn off your heat in the winter and burst your pipes. Or they could use the processors in your refrigerators and stoves in a botnet attack. They could also seize an airplane. Well, maybe. Some of it’s conspiracy theory fever, but there’s a lot of talk about what did happen to that Malaysian Flight MH 370. And new technologies bring new risks, like so-called software defined systems that combine software and networking, and new database technologies. And then there’s the risk that some electronic systems manufactured overseas may have been sabotaged to not work as intended if the United States is in a conflict with the country of origin.

There may even by cyberwar infighting in our future. Ciaramitaro and Chasdi also said we may begin to see cyberwar between rival terrorist groups, which compete for funding, recruitment and publicity. Helpfully, Chasdi said, “the good guys are doing a lot better than they were in the period right after 9-11.” He mentioned a U.S. cyberwar component to the troop “surge” in Iraq, and the Stuxnet computer virus that bedeviled Iran’s attempt at nuclear development, as examples. Chasdi said much of the U.S. anti-cyberterror effort is modeled on complex systems analysis—a field pioneered by a British general in the 19th Century, William Sleeman, who battled against an organized gang of thieves and assassins in India called the Thuggees (the root of the modern word “thug”). Long before computers, Chasdi said, Sleeman “mapped out in complexity systems fashion all of the different connections between these groups who were known for centuries to strangle and dispose of Indians. He’s the architect of this whole complexity systems approach to counterterrorism. He was years ahead of his time... He never gets his due.” Also on the bright side, Chasdi and Ciaramitaro said corporate America is taking cybersecurity much more seriously. Walsh cybersecurity grads get a lot of job offers, from both private industry and the government. “It is absolutely the highest demand position you can be in right now,” Ciaramitaro said. The two said Walsh College has just redesigned its cybersecurity programs to create a dedicated cybersecurity credential. Walsh is also working with Pontiac-based Mobile Comply, which provides training and credentialing programs for professionals and organizations in the connected vehicle and intelligent transportation market, to offer SAE and other connected vehicle security credentials. Ciaramitaro said it’s crucial that engineers begin to take security into consideration when designing products. “How many engineers have ever taken a class related to cybersecurity?” she asked. “The whole engineering world is about developing something to specification, not anticipating how your creation could be misused. My belief is that’s why we’re seeing the ability to hack vehicles and refrigerators and everything else.” As a result, she said she teaches “secure software development—you not only create a use case, you create an abuse case, a misuse case.” Or, as Chasdi said, “We need programs to give context to engineers about possible abuse and misuse of systems.” | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 25

A Mechanical Engineer Talks Car Hacking



ybersecurity in cars has made headlines recently. Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek’s carhacking research made for an article in Wired magazine that went viral online—when they remotely took over a Jeep Cherokee on the highway. Bloomberg Business covered these vulnerabilities in a video interview at the Def Con hacking convention in early August. At Michigan Technological University, cybersecurity is an integral part of many researchers’ work. Steven Goldsmith, a research professor in mechanical engineering, is starting a new graduate course on automotive cybersecurity next fall. Goldsmith spoke with Michigan Tech science writer Allison Mills about his work and the recent news articles on cybersecurity. AM: What is new about the hacking that led to the Wired article? SG: When I read the article, I wasn’t surprised about anything, first of all, and these two people have done this before. What was interesting this time, is that they hacked into the car through its remote, wireless connection; in their previous research, they connected a computer directly to a standard diagnostic port. Now, they’re not the first to do this. There has been scholarly work done in the automotive area for over a decade. So, while it’s dramatized in the Wired story, I don’t think it’s substantively wrong—I believe they were able to do what they did. AM: What scares us about car hacking more than other cybersecurity risks? SG: The most dangerous scenario is that a vehicle is hacked in order to produce a lethal crash. The results of cyberhacking on automobiles have physical effects, creating what essentially becomes a missile on wheels that we drive around in public. So the serious issue 26 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

with hacking into automobiles is the energetic end effect, unlike breaking into a credit card account, which is annoying but not necessarily injurious or fatal. But there are a lot of scenarios that come to mind— some sound like they’re out of an action movie. But many are more mundane. For instance, most people connect their smart phones to a newer car model to play their favorite music. But the car’s wireless network is another entry point for hacking malicious code into the smart phone. AM: In a car, what is the weakest link? SG: That remains to be seen. But once cars are operating on a public wireless network, you have a broad “attack surface.” That’s the mode and entry point into the car’s computers and software that a hacker uses. In the future, when there is a ubiquitous wireless communication network involving vehicles, the remote, wireless attack surface like the one used in the Wired article will be a threat to hundreds of thousands of vehicles. Now, hacking into a car is much harder than hacking into a home computer. The complexity of the vehicle computing systems is extremely high already and that means it takes experts to hack into them. But that also means it takes sophisticated means to protect the systems and to analyze the potential attacks. AM: Preventing hacks takes extreme measures and costs—like embedding security features into the materials themselves. We effectively manage risks without that in computers and other devices, so what’s different about vehicles? SG: In the cyber world, there’s an attack, then people analyze the malicious codes and come up with the patches to inoculate the vulnerable systems. Those

Scaling Up Cybersecurity patches are what you download when you update your software in your computer. For automobiles, tracing an attack and determining if it has erased its tracks is highly technical and car manufacturers hold that information very closely. Software liability in the Internet world is basically non-existent; but that’s not the case for cars. Following the Wired article, Chrysler patched over a million vehicles because of the security flaw—it was a watershed moment in the automotive-cyber realm. Patching and recalls are expensive and, unlike in the traditional software industry, such flaws are the responsibility of the car manufacturer. You can take computer software patches and download them pretty easily for your home computer. But how do you handle patch management for your car? It’s hard to imagine a vehicle going through that patch download process as intensely as say Windows had to over a decade ago when computer hacking incidents intensified. It’s very disruptive for both manufacturers and users and affects the entire automobile life cycle—from making to buying to driving a modern vehicle. AM: What do we do about the cybersecurity challenges in the automotive industry? SG: Well, it’s an on-going process, like fighting crime. You’re never going to completely eradicate crime, and you have to have a police process and judiciary process to deal with that. And I think there are a lot of researchers in the [cybersecurity] field who have come to that conclusion. For my colleagues at Michigan Tech and me, education is the most important tool. In our automotive program, we’re training people to understand modern propulsion units and controls, plus computers and communications features in cars are proliferating—yet cybersecurity is not a common part of curriculums. We will be offering a new online graduate course starting in the Fall 2016. Educating our engineers, both in school and through continuing education, is critical. That will help us build automotive systems with inherent cybersecurity. Car manufacturers will need to create their own cybersecurity organizations and hire people with the right skillsets. Being able to proactively design in cybersecurity features and control systems has to become part of company culture. Most manufacturers have done this, but to varying degrees. It has become absolutely necessary for manufacturers to consider the public’s perception of the safety of a vehicle that is vulnerable to cyber attack. Cyber attacks are very much in the public eye, and consumers as well as the insurance industry will take the cyber-safety connection very seriously.

Engineering solutions for cybersecurity come in all shapes, sizes and scales. Michigan Tech researchers Shiyan Hu and Chee-Wooi Ten navigate cyber-risks from the handheld to utility-scale. In our homes, smart devices will help us make grocery lists, save water on laundry and customize our heating and cooling. Hu wants to make these devices smarter— and safer. As a computer engineer, Hu researches hacking and security flaws in smart home devices from smart dishwashers to smart meters. The key device in this cyberecosystem, he says, is the one you carry around—your phone. The remote connection between your smart device and smart phone is the main target for home hacking. One feature of smart homes has broader implications, says Ten, who researches electrical engineering at Michigan Tech. Smart meters are the important link between houses and utility power grid. Ten studies how smart grids can be protected from cybersecurity attacks. He says dealing with the physical challenges is one part, but the hardest part is navigating the policy—or lack thereof—around cybersecurity. Allison Mills is a science and technology writer at Michigan Technological University.

Steven Goldsmith is a research professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics at Michigan Tech. He studies automotive systems as well as agile interconnected microgrids and renewable energy infrastructure. Shiyan Hu is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Michigan Tech. He is particularly interested in the interface between humans and machines—and where that line blurs with new smart technology. For the Fall 2015 semester, he will be a visiting professor at Stanford University. Chee-Wooi Ten is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Michigan Tech. With a focus on electrical engineering, he examines the wide-reaching impacts of energy infrastructure and how new technologies are changing the utility grid. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 27

Merit Network, State Organize Michigan’s Cyber Defenders


r. Joe Adams and the Michigan Cyber Range are building efforts across the state and around the country to defend municipal and private networks from hackers and malware. The Cyber Range, a division of Merit Network Inc.—Michigan’s first Internet service provider, and one

Dr. Joe Adams

of the first in the nation—is conducting more and more exercises with public-sector and business groups. Its seven employees, security analysts and developers, build virtual cities and businesses, and then challenge participants to defend against the cyberattacks that they dream up. 28 | TechCentury | Fall 2015

“We just did a big force-onforce exercise out in Grand Rapids with the West Michigan Cybersecurity Consortium,” Adams said. “And right now we’re gearing up for an international exercise that we run for the governor’s cybersecurity summit in October.” (The event, now in its fourth year, is called the North American International Cyber Summit, and is scheduled for Oct. 26 at Cobo Center in Detroit.) Adams said the Cyber Range is also receiving interest from other states. “Michigan is at the forefront of cybersecurity. We’re already engaged with Wisconsin and now it looks like Ohio and Illinois may be ready to come on board as well,” Adams said. “State governments are really interested in actually exercising folks, in realistic settings at full speed, which is very promising.” In some Cyber Range exercises, the range’s virtual city, Alphaville, gets a cyber attack of its municipal systems, from traffic lights to water treatment to financial information at City Hall. The Cyber Range also recruits and tests the Michigan Cyber Civilian Corps (MiC3), a group of volunteer IT security experts created by Gov. Rick Snyder’s office in 2013, who would be called into action to defend state assets in a cyber attack. The grueling MiC3 test has an 85 percent failure rate. The kind of cyber attacks that Alphaville receives are the big worry of security experts and the general public alike. But we haven’t really seen huge attacks of this type yet. So, Dr. Adams, are we lucky or good—or a bit of both? “Looking at it from a hacker’s

point of view, once somebody can figure out how to monetize those targets, then you’ll start seeing those kinds of attacks,” Adams said. Rogue nation state or terrorist actors, however, aren’t just motivated by money, Adams said —which is why institutions like the Cyber Range and the MiC3 are so vital. And those efforts must also include reaching out to the next generation of cyberdefenders. The Cyber Range participated in last summer’s Cyber Auto Challenge, which worked with high school and college students to introduce them to cybersecurity in an automotive industry framework. The recent well-publicized hack of a Jeep—and the auto industry’s rapid move to add connectivity and autonomy to cars, which Adams frets about—makes these efforts crucial. “I think what we’re going to see in the near term future is a lot of very smart folks focusing a lot of their energy on remote hacking of vehicles,” Adams said. “What are we going to do if I can stop your car in the middle of the street? ... That’s where you’re going to see a real organized defensive response. I think the problem is, IT staffs are pretty lean, and right now we just don’t see a lot of the major industries having room for that in their budget or deciding to make that a budget priority until they’ve been attacked and something bad has happened. I think getting a more proactive posture is what we need to do. Once you’ve lost tens of thousands of emails and financial records, it’s a little late to start closing the door and hoping you’ll ride it out.”

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TechCentury v.20 n.3 Fall 2015  

A publication of The Engineering Society of Detroit

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