Page 1

~ublications of tbe

<ta,tbolic

1Recor~

Vol. LIV

$ocietr


RECORDS OF THE VENERABLE ENGLISH COLLEGE IN ROME PUBLISHED BY THE

CATHOLIC

RECORD

SOCIETY

VOLUME 37 Liber Ruber Nomina AIumnorum, 1579-1630 VOLUME 40 Liber Ruber Nomina Alumnorum, 1631-1783 VOLUME 54 Responsa Scholarum, 1598-1621 VOLUME 55 In the Press Responsa Scholarum, 1622-1685 In preparation Annual Letters, etc.

©

The Catholic Record Society


<.tatbolic

1Recor~ $ociet~

\tbe

lResponsa $cbolarum of tbe

JCnglisb <tollege, lRome !part one: 1598-1621

EDITED BY

ANTHONY KENNY


Published 1962

Printed in Great Britain by R. H. Johns Limited Newport, Mon.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Society is greatly indebted for pennission to print the R esponsa to Mgr. G. W. Tickle, the Rector of the Venerable English College in Rome. My thanks are due also to those past and present students of the College who assisted me in the work of transcription, and to Miss Silvia Roxburgh who allowed me to compare my transcripts with some which she had made from photostats of the Responsa prior to 1633. A.K.


INTRODUCTION When Father Robert Persons became Rector of the English College at Rome in 1597, a custom was introduced whereby each intending scholar was set a series of questions concerning his family, upbringing, education, state of health, religious history, and intentions in coming to the seminary. About a year later this requirement was incorporated in the new Statutes of the College (the Constitution Omnis Reipublicae Status) promulgated by Cardinals Farnese and Borghese. In accordance with this rule, during most of the seventeenth century, the majority of students entering the English College wrote autobiographical accounts of their lives up to that moment. It is these autobiographical statements, known as the Responsa Scholarum, which form the material of this and the next volume of the Catholic Record Society's publications. The present volume contains the Responsa of scholars admitted between 1597 and 1621; the next volume will contain the remainder, which cover the years from 1622 to 1685. The Responsa are loose pieces of paper, mostly half-sheets folded in quarto, covered on one or more sides in the students' own handwriting. On some occasions, they took up more than one sheet, but they were never bound. Altogether, there are just under 600 sets of Responsa, filling some 900 pages. They were gathered up in bundles year by year, and were finally filed and endorsed by Father Christopher Grene S.]. when archivist of the College. They are now preserved, still unbound, in two files in the archives of the College known as Scritture 37 and 38. The yearly bundles are, of course, stored in chronological order; but within each bundle the Responsa are grouped in the order in which they were placed by Father Grene. This order, which is not primitive, has not been followed in the transcript contained in these volumes. Instead, to approximate more closely to the order in which the Responsa were written, they have been placed in the order in which the corresponding entries about the students occur in the Liber Ruber or College Diary (C.R.S. 37 and 40). To facilitate reference, the number of the corresponding Liber Ruber entry has been placed in square brackets at the head of each set of Responsa. These numbers are used, in the Introduction, to make reference to particular Responsa. The Responsa were normally written by the students shortly after their arrival in Rome, while they were living in the College but before they put on the scholar's gown. (Cf. 447,448, 50S, 514.) Consequently, most of them were written in October at the beginning of the academic year (e.g. 362-3) ; some were written in other months if a student arrived at an unusual time of year (e.g. 358). Not only vii


viii

INTRODUCTION

alumni, or scholars on the foundation, but also convictores, feepaying commoners, sometimes wrote Responsa (e.g. 532, 599).

The Text Every effort has been made to transcribe accurately every word of the Responsa which could be of historical importance. But the nature of the documents themselves has made it necessary to adopt some method of abbreviation if the transcript was not to prove unwieldy, disproportionately costly to print, and unduly tiresome to consult. In many cases, for instance, the students wrote out the questionnaire as well as their answers to it. It was obviously undesirable to follow this procedure when transcribing. The questions, therefore, have been printed only at the beginning of the volume and also, for convenience of reference, on a detachable book-mark. 1 Besides the questions, formal headings (e.g. "Responsa ad Quaesita"), introductory aspirations (e.g. "Ad maiorem Dei gloriam"), and flourishes (such as crosses and IRS marks) have been omitted in transcription. The division of the MSS. into paragraphs has been preserved. The students' answers to the numbered questions have in each case been prefixed with a simple Arabic numeral irrespective of whether the student in fact wrote « 1", « Respondeo ad lum", « Ad primam quaestionem sic respondeo" or any other equivalent form. The word « Respondeo" has been omitted at the beginning of an answer except where followed by the accusative and infinitive construction. In many cases the students did not distinguish their answers into numbered paragraphs at all ; in such cases the transcriptions follow the MSS. exactly. The .Responsa customarily concluded with a promise of obedience to the College rules, made according to one of several conventional forms. These promises have been transcribed in full from the Responsa of 1598 and 1599 so that the reader may see the forms they took. In the case of Responsa written after 1600, unless there was some detail of the form which seemed of special interest (e.g. 476, 500) the promise has been omitted in transcription, and the omission marked with the sign "tt". Contractions in the originals have been expanded without any indication in the transcripts, except in cases where the correct expansion was in doubt, when the possible alternatives have been marked within square brackets (e.g. "proficere [or: perficere],,). Proper names in the originals have been left as they stand, unexpanded. Errors in the originals, if corrected, have been ignored, except in cases where the error gave further information (e.g. if a student Insignificant variants which sometimes occur in the questions have not been marked; but a different formula which later superseded the original questionnaire will be printed in full in the appropriate place in the second volume of transcripts. 1


INTRODUCTION

lX

signed his alias, crossed it out, and then signed his own name). Errors in the originals, if not corrected, have been printed as they stand: consistent mistakes in Latin themselves give information about a student's capacity (e.g. 346). Grammatical errors are printed without further indication, but misspelt words are followed in the transcripts by an obelus "t". No obelus has normally been placed following unconventional spellings of (a) proper names (b) Latinised foreign words (c) Latin words with more than one orthography. Thus "Londonium", "haeriticus" and "relligio" appear without an obelus. Lacunae in the originals due to mutilation or illegibility have been restored, between square brackets, wherever the restoration was obvious. Other lacunae have simply been indicated, and their approximate length marked, except in cases where it was possible to restore them from the Roman Transcripts in the Public Record Office, which were made when some of the Responsa were less corroded than they are now. In cases where contemporary Latin orthography differs from seventeenth-century practice, the transcripts follow the modem style. Thus "blanditiis" not "blanditijs", "I am" not "Jam", " Uvae" not " V uae". In the rare cases where this might lead to misreading of a text the fact has been noted (e.g. "Iversonus [or : Juersonus],,). Non-Latinised English proper names have been transcribed according to English orthography : "Johnson", not "Iohnson" . The punctuation of the originals has been kept wherever the form of punctuation is still in use. Where a sign (e.g. "::") is no longer in use, it has been replaced by the modern form which seemed most appropriate to the context. The Summaries A full English translation of all the Responsa would have occupied by itself two of the Society's normal volumes. It seemed therefore preferable to attach to each Latin transcript an English summary mentioning every point of historical importance touched on in the text. Clarity and brevity, rather than elegance, have been aimed at in these epitomes. Wherever possible, a single sentence of the summary corresponds to the Latin answer to a single question. To clarify the reference of pronouns, each summary (except that of 354) has been so designed that the grammatical subject of every sentence not in parentheses is the respondent himself. Where a doubtful sense made it impossible to summarise the Latin, a verbatim translation has been given within quotation marks (" .... "). In the summaries place-names are printed in their modem forms. Where personal names have well-defined modem forms (e.g. "Hudleston " , "Bedingfeld") these have been used; otherwise such names are printed in the English form closest to that appearing in the Latin text. Aliases have been left as they stand without decoding.


x

INTRODUCTION

References to time (e.g. "hora tertia noctis") have been translated literally and not modernised. If a scholar described himself as "annum agens vigesimum" he has been taken to assert that he was nineteen years old, and similarly in parallel cases. (Cf. 453.) The scholars were asked to give the social status of their parents. The terms and phrases which they used in their replies to this question have been translated literally: "nobilis" as "noble", "generosi" as "gentry", "armiger" as "esquire", "mediae sortis" as "middle class", "plebeus" as "plebeian", "pauper" as "poor". But the reader should be warned that the connotation of a phrase such as "middle class" in the contemporary social structure differs from that of the phrase "mediae sortis" in the social structure of seventeenth-century England. The words "haereticus" and "schismaticus" have been rendered literally as "heretic" and "schismatic". The latter word usually has its typically recusant sense, meaning a person who believes the Catholic Church to be the only true one, but who attends heretical worship to avoid paying fines (d. 354). The Index The Indexes list all the proper names of persons and places occurring in this volume. The second of these two volumes will have indexes covering both volumes. A further volume of the College records will contain comprehensive indexes. The Content of the Responsa The Responsa Scholarum provide information about many aspects of the life of missionary priests and of recusants in general. Many isolated items of information from them may be found reported, not always accurately, in the Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus of Henry Foley, who utilised the Roman transcripts made for the Public Record Office. Foley provided partial translations of many of the Responsa, and his work has been of great assistance to scholars for many years. But the publication of the complete originals will enable researchers for the first time to make accurate statistical generalisations about the origins, education, and religious history of the young recusants who filled the overseas seminaries in the seventeenth century. Most obviously, the Responsa are first-hand sources for the biographies of the students themselves. Some of these were later to become famous, such as William Alabaster (341) , John Hudleston (723), Christopher Grene (844) and the martyrs Robert Watkinson (348), David Lewis (776) and John Wall (793). Naturally, most of the scholars were schoolboys who had led uneventful lives until their arrival in Rome; but others were older men who had a long story to tell (e.g. 353, 470, 482) and one 46-year-old respondent filled some thirty pages with his narrative (354). Among them were former dons (e.g. 470, 482), lawyers (366, 396), physicians (368),


INTRODUCTION

Xl

'soldiers (392) and parsons (341). Many, even of the youngest, had suffered imprisonment for their religion (e.g. 370, 384, 385,410, 532, '611). Others had had adventurous journeys across the seas, travelling as stowaways or in disguise, hoodwinking and bribing port officials, sometimes involved in full-scale naval battles (e.g. 343, 351, .364,381). The first two questions put to the scholars concerned their birth, parentage, family and upbringing. Their answers to these questions -provide us with a wealth of genealogical information about the great recusant families, some of whose names occur generation after generation. Such are the Bedingfelds (350, 522, 531, 595, 832), the 'Wigmores (487, 528, 690), the Constables (494, 523, 549, 550, 796) and the Babthorpes (497, 546, 755, 780). Question three concerned the scholars' education. Many had begun their education at home with private tutors; others had attended public schools (e.g. 393, 396, 399, 582, 591) ; a large number 'had spent some time at one or other of the English universities (341, 342, 343, 344, 353 etc.) Several of the Responsa give us vivid -pictures of University life (e.g. 365, 470); one (482) contains a full and interesting list of books read at Cambridge in the 1600s. More than half the scholars had been schooled in the Jesuit college at St. Omers: all spoke highly of it, and many claimed to have learnt more from the classes of grammar, syntax, poetry and rhetoric there than from a University course in England (e.g. 431, 454, 463). Several Responsa give us information about schoolmasters, Catholic 'and Anglican, in English towns and villages (e.g. 381, 524, 618). In question four the scholars were asked about their health. Most of them replied laconically, Not so Thomas Hodson, a former 'physician,;who displayed his technical vocabulary (368), nor Anthony Greenwaye who, to his disgust, had been ordered tobacco by his doctor (427). Question five enquired about the religious history of the scholars. Naturally, it is the converts' replies which make the most interesting reading. Some owed their conversion to missionaries, often to 'priests about whom little else is known (e.g. 363, 434, 437,496,534). Others were converted by reading, whether of recusant apologetics (e.g. 341, 416) or of the Fathers (e.g. 358, 470,482). More attributed their conversion to Father Persons' Christian Directory than to any -other book (e.g. 346, 407, 416, 457, 464, 486). The theological 'problem which most preoccupied many, prior to their conversion, 'seems to have been the existence of purgatory (e.g. 354, 358, 370). The Latinity of the Responsa varies greatly in standard, from the .halting sentences of Nicholas Hart, patched up with English words (353), to the contorted prose of Richard Hudleston (381), farced with allusions to Martial and rare words from Apuleius. The majority of the scholars, however, wrote a clear, classical and business-like Latin which does credit to the Jesuit schoolmasters of St.Omers.


QUESTIONNAIRE Capita, quibus ex Regularum praescriptis admittendi in hoc Collegium tenentur Respondere. 1. Quodnam sit verum nomen suum et parentum? Quae aetas? Quis locus nativitatis et educationis? Ubi vixerit? 2. Quae sit status et conditio sua et parentum praecipuorumque amicorum? Si nobiles an plebeii an mediae sortis? Divites an pauperes? Quosnam habeat fratres, sorores, aut cognatos? Si haeretici an Catholici sint? 3. Quibus studiis, et ubi, operam dederit, et quo progressu? 4. Qua valetudine utatur? Secunda, an adversa? Si animae aegritudinem vel sentiat, vel aliquando senserit, quae vel a litterarum studiis, vel a regularum observatione aliquem retardare posset? 5. Si in haeresi ali quando aut schismate vixerit? Quando, quibus praesidiis, cui us industria, fidem Catholicarn amplexus sit, si aliquando fuerit haereticus? Quando ex Anglia discesserit? Cur Romam venerit~ quidve ipsum induxerit ad hoc seminarium petendum ? Si quid perpessus sit aliquando ob fidem Catholicam? Quid demum illi contigerit circa vocationem ad fidem Catholicam? 6. An propositum, et desiderium sentiat suscipiendi vitam Ecdesiasticarn? An decemat apud se constanter in virtute et literis operam ponere? An sentiat se paratum ad studendum iis rebus, et in ea dasse, quam superiores assignabunt? An statuat submittere se regulis, et disciplinae Collegii, et Superiorum directioni?


RESPONSA SCHOLARUM 1598 [341]

GULIELMUS ALABAsTER

1598

1. Gulielmus Alabaster nominor, annum ago 31 in Comitatu Suffo1ciae, oppido Hadlei natus, Westmonasterii Grammaticae opetam dedi, in de 16 aetatis anna Cantabrigiam missus 14 ibidem annos exegi. 2. Genus paternum ab antiquo nobilique Arbalastrorum stemmate profectum est: qui una cum Normannis in Angliam ingressi sunt; et in gentilitiis Normannorum matriculis Arbalastarii Regii dicuntur unde et nunc in insignibus Arcubalistam eundem nominis munerisque primi indicium gestamus. Genus maternum a Wintroppis deducitur splendida veterique prosapia. Pater ut in re collapsa natus primis annis mercaturam exercuit Hispanam, deinde rebus non succedentibus destitit, nunc vero fortuna parca sed sufficienti transigit Catholice ut bene spero affectus. Cognatos ex utroque latere complures habeo: alios cives, et mercatores Londinenses, ampla satis fortuna extructos, quorum alii, hereticissimi sunt et morosi alii quod in Hispania negotia diu tractarint Catholice (sed dam) sapiunt iidemque multos alios e fraternitate et sodalitio suo habent pariter animatos. Affinium reliqui nobilium more splendide satis vivunt, qui partim haeretice sapiunt, partim indifferenter, et ad tempus se gerunt. Sorores tres, fratres vero duo adhuc supersunt. 3. Grammaticam, Poesim, Rhetoric am , Logicam, Philosophiam, Mathematicas, Historiam, Criticam, Philologiam, omnesque pene antiquos authores Grecos, et Latinos, qua magis, qua minus gustavi aut hausi; quatenus quidquam ad Theologiam pretium operae facturum sperarem. Multa Grecorum Patrum minora opera, et similiter Latinorum et Historiam Ecdesiasticam, et Sententiarum Magistrum et D. Thomae Summam, et Patris Roberti Bellarmini et Zuaris in 3a et Stappletoni principia, et similia Catholicorum scripta [evo]lvi. Cantabrigiae 14 annos studui quo tempore Theologiae Licentiati evadunt. 4. Aequabilem satis valetudinem [a] prima pueritia traduxi (quae deo gratia sit). nisi quod tentationem aliquam febris leviculam, et triduanam, bis terve lacessitus tulerim: caetera corpus integrum constat, studiis vigiliis laboribusque ferendis morigerum et par, neque aliqua quod sci am parte minatur. Animum constantem et tranquillum semper habui, et corpori concinnum: numquam vero inversum, aut per intervalla lucidurn; lam vero tam serenum sentio fidei lumine, tam sudum mollemque vernis his primi fervoris solibus,


2

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ut negotium non quodvis sit, Contritionis et timoris flatibus pro disciplinae Catholicae more inquietare aut exasperare. Et tamen boni nostri Superintendentes Conversionem meam insaniae calumnia defamarunt. 5. Tota anteacta vita inter hereticos natus et educatus alte¡ erroribus immersus sum; Vatiniano vel potius Calviniano odio in Ecclesiam Catholicam exarsi: omnia studia, preces, vota, contra Ecclesiam collimavi; Sed vigesimo nona aetatis anna coepi aliquid remittere de ilio furore. Et in alteram insilui opinionem, ut crederem unam esse et Catholicorum et Protestantium Ecclesiam, neque ad salutem multum referre, a quibus quis sentiat, priores. tamen purioresque esse Haereticorum Calvinianorum partes. Atque in hoc luto defixus penitus haerebam. Et iam libros famae con ciliatores in Catholicos scripturire gestiebam: iam malefecis beneficiis, et praebendis aureis onerandos humeros parabam: iam ambitionis. terminos inter summos regni honores animo defigebam: iam pulchellae sponsae diu ambitae nuptias faelix procus parabam, quas ad unius Prebendae accessionem quae 400 coronatos annuos praeberet, distuleram; eamque ob causam Comitem Essexium sectabar, qui maturrime negotium se confecturum receperat. Cum ecce versanti mihi in aula (ubi aeque difficile est fieri bonum ac reperire), et lib rum quendam Reginaldi nostri pro causa Catholica conscriptum oscitanter legenti, nondum transcursa Praefatione, tantum subito lucis divinae fulgur animitus hausi, tantam insoliti gaudii asperginem medullitus sensi, ut illo ipso momento protinus exiluerim gestiens, et in hanc apud me vocem proruperim Nunc Catholicus sum. E xtemplo ergo valedicto omnibus Aulae, Comiti, Praebendae, Cantabrigiam revolo, et raptim nuncio sponsae amoribusque remisso, revoco me in solitudinem, ad preces et lachrimas et luctus et ieiunia et humicubationes: ut praeteritae vitae sordibus depuratis sereniori oculo et corde, fidei et charitatis radios imbiberem, et Catholicae disciplinae honorem vitae novitate aemularer. Simulque deum obnixe rogavi, ut semestris temporis pacem et inducias mihi largiretur, in quo ita me in omnibus Controversiis instruerem, ut possem cum haereticis sine dedecore causae manus conserere, quandocumque eo ventum esset. Atque ita deo indulgente factum est. Interim con cilium mihi dederunt amici totius rei conscii ut fuga trans mare dilaberer priusquam res in propatulo esset. Negavi me facturum sed confidenti potius animo expectaturum quid possent Pseudoepiscopi dicere aut facere. Tandem itaque deprehensus sum, et in arctam custodiam per 7 menses traditus, unde saepe protractus coram commissariis regiis apparui. Quos oblatis centum et supra pro Causa Catholica rationibus, lacessivi ut unam quamcumque solverent, stipulatus daturum me manus si satisfacerent. Quid multis obstruxi eorum ora, ut non auderent provocati postulati flagitati verbum mutire: Sed post quam amplis pollicitationibus. precibus minis infractum et immotum persistere viderent, exuerunt me omnibus dignitatibus et bonis et ludicris ministellorum ordinibus.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

3

et in carcerem remiserunt. Ergo ubi viderem ereptum omne librorum solatium, nec spem superesse aut disputandi cum illis, aut agendi cum aliis, Evasi, latui, aufugi, huc veni. 6. Omnes animae potentias defixi in hoc proposito, ut hoc unum semper agant et desudent, quomodo dei gloriam in Ecclesiae bono promoveam. Hoc intellectus contemplatur, Voluntas satagit, memoria ruminat, iudicium ponderat, desiderium aestuat spes captat, totus denique animus versat et agitat. Et quia compendiosissima ad haec omnia via per humilitatem et obedientiam extenditur, morigerum me in omnibus Collegii huius institutis praebebo ut illam quae humilibus datur adipiscar gratiam. GULIELMUS ALABASTER. SUMMARY

[341J ALABASTER William, 30, born at Hadleigh, Suffolk, studied grammar at Westminster until 15, then spent 14 years at Cambridge. (The respondent's father was descended from ancient and noble family of Arbalasters, who came to England with the Normans, and are called "arbalastarii Regii" in Norman lists, and who still bear a cross-bow on their arms. His mother was of the ancient and renowned family of Winthrop. The respondent's father once traded unsuccesfully with Spain; he now lives on a small fortune, "Catholicly, I hope, affected". Many of the respondent's kinsmen are rich citizens and merchants of London, some v:iolently heretical, others, owing to business connections with Spain, secretly Catholic. Other kinsmen, some heretical and some time-serving, live the life of noblemen.) Has three brothers and two sisters surviving. Has studied grammar, poetry, rhetoric, logic, philosophy, mathematics, history, criticism, philology, and almost all Greek and Latin authors in so far as relevant to theology. Has read many minor works of Greek and Latin Fathers, and Church history; Peter Lombard, the Summa Theologica, the writings of Bellarmine, Suarez' commentary on the Tertia Pars of the Summa, and Stapleton's Principles; has studied 14 years at Cambridge, the length of time for a licentiate in theology. Always healthy, except for two or three attacks of triduan ague; is now so serene in mind-though proclaimed insane by the Anglican bishops-that he finds difficulty in arousing contrition. Until 28 hated the Catholic church; then came to believe that Catholics and Protestants were members of the same church. Was planning to write anti-Catholic books, with an eye to amassing benefices, and intending to marry a beautiful bride after acquiring a prebend worth 400 crowns a year, through the influence of the Earl of Essex, when he discovered at court a Catholic book of Rainold's which converted him before he had finished the preface. Turning his back on Essex, preferment and bride, he returned to Cambridge to pray and fast in solitude. Prayed successfully for six months' respite in which to equip himself for controversy with heretics. Was advised by friends in the mean-


4

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

time to escape overseas before his conversion was discovered; preferred to await the Bishops' reaction; was arrested and put in close prison for 7 months, being constantly brought before royal commissioners, to whom he presented 101 reasons for Catholicism, a challenge which they were unable to answer. After threats and bribes had failed, was deprived of his orders, offices and possessions and sent back to prison, from which he escaped and came hither. Desires to promote the glory of God and the good of the Church. [342J RICHARDUS CORNWALEYS 1598 1. Nomen mihi Richardus Cornwaleys, annum agens 30m, natus apud Monasterium Coxfordiense in Norfolcia. transacta in paterna domo aetate puerili Nordovicum concessi rudimentis Grammatices in schola publica imbuendus. 2. Pater mihi est Henricus Cornwaleys armiger non multo abhinc tempore Dei benignitate ecclesiae Catholicae restitutus. Mater, Anna Calabutt oriunda ex antiqua satis familia, sed iam emortua ac penitus extinct a quae et ipsa non ita pridem supremum diem obiit. Fratrem habeo nato maiorem et sorores germanas binas, totidemque fratres uterinos, quorum alter sacerdotali munere in Anglia fungitur. E consanguineis eminent prae caeteris Thomas Cornwaleys Miles et 'C atholicus. Et Gulielmus Cornwaleys eques Auratus qui uxorem duxit unam ex filiabus et haeredibus D. Latimore Baronis et Carolus eius frater non Catholici. 3. Cantabrigiae in Collegio Gunvill et Caii decem plus minus annos moratus, pro more loci Rhetoricae Logicae et Physicae partes priores annos studui, quod reliquum erat temp oris jurisprlldentiae et c;tudiis humanitatis insumpsi. Tempore consue to in gradum Magistrorum in artibus cooptatus sum. 4. Valetudine (Deo gratias) satis prospera usus sum, raro febri <correptus quin inter paucos dies convaluerim. nullo praeterea morbo laboravi. 5. Ab infantia, haeretica pravitate institutus indies obfirmato animo in peius proficiebam, donec Pater misericordiarum pro infinita sua bonitate me respiciens, tribus abhinc annis in gremium sponsae suae suscipere dignatus est, Usus praecipue opera et ministerio dicti fratris sacerdotis et P. Gerardi ex Societate jesu. Ecclesiae Catholicae reconciliatus et Romam cogitans cum Flussingham appulissem, gubernator reginae me deprehensum per sex septimanas in custodia detinuit, demum remissum in Angliam, et :sodalitio ut vocant ......1 (quod in Collegio obtinueram) exutum iterum per sex alias septimanas carceri tradiderunt. Maiora his pro sancta sede Apostolica (ubi Deo visum fuerit) subire non ¡detrectabo. 6. Ecclesiasticae vocationis dignitatem et revere or et suspicio. ¡1

Word of 6 letters illegible.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

5

Et si vos Patres vires meas tanto oneri ferendo pares, si mei baiuli et operarii omnium minimi in vinea Domini excolenda operam non inutilem fore iudicaveritis, extrudite. Interim ingenue profiteor me quod ad Collegii instituta attinet et omnibus et singulis acquiescere, et iisdem subscribere esse paratum. RrcHARDus CORNWALEYS SUMMARY

[342J CORNWALLIS Richard, 29, son of Henry and Ann Calabutt, born at Coxford Abbey, Norfolk, brought up there and at Norwich grammar school. Son of a recently converted esquire, and of a recently dead mother of ancient but extinct family. Has one elder brother, two sisters, and two half-brothers, one a priest in England. Is kinsman to Sir Thomas Cornwallis, a Catholic, and to Sir William Cornwallis (who married the daughter and heiress of Lord Latimer) and his brother Charles, both non-Catholics. Studied 10 years at Gonville and Caius, rhetoric, logic, physics, jurisprudence and humanities; M. A. Healthy save for rare fevers of short duration. Once a heretic, reconciled three years ago through the good offices of his priest-brother and of Fr. Gerard S.]. On arrival at Flushing en route for Rome was imprisoned 6 weeks by the Queen's governor, then sent to England, deprived of his fellowship, and imprisoned for a further 6 weeks. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

1598. 29 Novembris Anno Domini 159B. 1. Nomen mihi verum Fran: Yonge. Natus sum annos 28 Iulii proxime elapsi die 19. Locus nativitatis pagus quidam in Comitatu Wigorniae Hartlebury dictus antiqua Episcopi domo celebris. Post Grammaticae rudiment a in scholis trivialibus, praecipue Wigorniensi ac Etonensi posita, Oxoniam a patre missus sum, ubi transactis 9 annis pene integris, biennio in Aula Beatae Mariae, reliquis in Collegio Trinitatis, inde in illustrissimi Equitis D. Roberti Dormeri familiam me contuli, triennio altero ac eo amplius in filio ejus natu maximo erudiendo, plerumque in domo paterna, nonnunquam Oxoniae, posito. 2. Matre mea a multis annis defunct a, patrem habere me (cui nomen est Iaco: Yonge) adhuc superstitem, et in parochia Claynes prope Wigorniam habitantem, virum bona fama apud suos, & honesto loco ac conditione. Vixit adolescens in familia nobilium virorum, et nuper Pseudoarchiepiscopo Eboracensi Oeconomus fuit. Quo vitae genere sponte derelicto sese in domum suam iam senex recepit. Fratres 3, seniores duos, tertium vero juniorem, Collegii novi apud Oxonienses socium. Sorores duas, utranque nuptam. propinquos & affines in utroque genere nonnullos, nempe in fidem [343J

B

FRANcrscus YONGUS.


6

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Catholicam bene ac male affectos. Sed eos non magni nominis vel authoritatis. 3. Respondeo studia varia & incerta fuisse, singulis in unoquoque genere sensim ac leviter delibatis. Primam aetatis partem sibi vendicarunt literae humaniores, Grammatica, Poetica, Rhetorica & levis quaedam Graecae linguae cognitio. Geographia, Arithmetica, Astronomia nonnullam; Dialectica et Philosophia minimam; quas non tam privatim quam publice, & usu potius quam studio sequutus sum, transacto tamen utcunque studiorum illorum curriculo, et gradibus de more susceptis. Denique postremam ambitio occupavit, et ius civile cum linguarum desiderio conjunctum. 4. Respondeo valetudine hadenus usus sum ex sententia. Corpus solidum, et quod (Dei beneficio) neque medico unquam indiguit, neque ab infantia (quod memini) vel unum biduum morbo decubuit. Animae defectus et vitia quae supersunt, ea caelesti medico sananda exponam, ut sit. Mens sana in corpore sano. 5. Respondeo mihi vero vel puero religionem Protestantium nunquam visam esse sapere religion em Christianam, quia impetu quodam ad Catholicam ferebar. Causa (secundum Dei gratiam) vel naturalis quaedam affectio a parentibus derivata, vel avunculi matemi exemplum, qui abdicatis beneficiis titulis et honoribus quibus Maria regnante fruebatur, in domo patris me puero latitabat. Quod tam altas in animo mea radices egit, nunquam ut dimoveri potuerit, praeceptoribus meis, utpote haereticis, omnem lapidem frustra moventibus, et ad haereticam conantibus persuadere. Atque haec consiliorum meorum initia fuerunt, quae tamen, parum abfuit, quin libertatis studio, & ambitione omnia incassum cecidissent. Tandem vero (quae Dei est benignitas) colligere me coepi, memor vitae futurae, memor anteactae. Quid multa? Accensum me sanctorum virorum exemplo, et vitae atemae cogitatione vehementius percussum, sacerdoti (is erat P. Edwardus 01cornus) ultro obtuli, illi consilia mea omnia & vitae rationem expositurus, eiusque opera in Dei gratiam restituendus. Quibus faeliciter confectis, cum in Flandriam appulissemus ego aliique itineris comites & socii consiliorum, inde in Hispaniam solvendi desiderio, capti sumus a latronibus Gallis qui in earn region em hostiles incursiones faciebant, quique nos pecunia ac vestibus spoliantes ad extremum jugulo ferrum intent ant , et in via male muldatos Bononiam captivos deducunt, ibique diu inter spem metumque fluctuantes tandem decemunt, non alia ratione quam pecunia redimendum iri, earn scilicet pecuniae gratiam tribuentes quam neque Anglorum societas, neque Catholici nominis religio potuit obtinere. Bononia liberati Caletum venimus, ubi solvendi occasionem nacti vela facimus, sed incommoda tempest ate, nempe dies undecim totos cum nausea, ventis, fluctibus & quotidiano vitae discrimine conflictati, ad extremum desperantes adverso vento Hispaniam


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

7

nobis destinatam teneri posse, coacti sumus Caletum repetere et meliora ad navigandum tempora de integro expectare. E cce autem aliam navigandi occasionem sed vento quam successu commodiore. Postridie quam e portu solvimus, summo mane duae naves bellicae (ex earum numero quae mercatoribus Hollandis adversus Dunkerkanos praesidio sunt) armis virisque instructissimae nos a tergo insequuntur, & displosis tormentis ad cedendum invitant. Quod ubi factum est necessitati fortitudine parente, ecce impetu facto in navem insiliunt, et strictis gladiis ac pugionibus furentium mor,e in nos irruunt, tandem vestibus spoliatos ac pene nudos suam in navem transferunt mox in Hollandiam deferendos. Ubi vent urn est Roterodamum coram senatoribus civitatis comparuimus, a quibus multa (ut fit) conjectantibus, primum eo nomine durius habiti sumus, quod J esuitas esse suspicarentur. Tandem ubi res innotuit, mitius nobiscum agendum decernunt, et in honestiorem carcerem transpositos post mens em unum aut alterum frigore inedia aliisque miseriis terra marique toleratum in Angliam esse remittendos. In Angliam delati Dorobernium primo appulimus, ibique proditorum more excepti, et Londinum postea deducti, ac denique apud Wadum Concilii Secretarium examinati, cum constaret neque J esuitas esse neque sacerdotes, custodiae mandati sumus, sed ita ut de libertate brevi recuperanda spem conciperem non mediocrem. Quod haud aliter sane evenit, amicorum meorum opera, & (quod caput est) Dei auxilio & benignitate. Hoc aut em speratum bonum malum aliud insperatum excepit, et ad priora quasi cumulus quid am accessit. Amicus quidam meus vir probus et Catholicus de meis incommodis & infaelici rerum meorum successu magnopere dolens, ubi paratum me videt eandam aleam denuo subire, egit apud quendam communem nostrum amicum, qui Catholicus aeque videri voluit, et cui erat in Hiberniam brevi navigandum, ut me una secum nave abductum Catholico cuidam Hiberno, quicum ipsi magna intercesserat necessitudo, committeret, inde in Hispaniam transvehendum. Ille, ut erat egregius simulationum artifex, dol ere non minus de mea infortunio, utpote hominis sibi a puero cogniti & dilecti, de propositi constantia gaudere, denique operam suam omnem, omniaque amicitiae offida prolixe [oJfferre. Interea clanculum Wadum adire, rem omnem ad eum deferre; Wadus Archiministro Cantuariensi nunciare me secundo in Hispaniam adomare fugam . . Ergo cum me Londini de improviso opprimerent a Wado delatus sum ad Archiministrum, ab ilio relatus ad Wadum ac variis hinc inde factis discussionibus tandem decretum est nullo modo liberatum iri, nisi soluta pecunia de qua recens Wadus inaudiverat, nempe decem libris Anglicanis impensarum nomine, quas boni illi viri Dorobernienses fecissent, nobis inde Londinum usque deducendis. Qua pecunia partim soluta, & de reliquo data ab amico sponsione, praesentissimo Dei auxilio liberatus sum, et defunctis periculis omnibus terrae ac maris ac falsorum fratrum. 6. Respondeo me non alia ratione aut respectu quocunque ad


8

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

hanc vitam Ecclesiasticam et Apostolicam amplectendam adductum esse, quam solius Dei gloriae, aeternaeque salutis tum meae tume proximorum desiderio, aliisque non obscuris (ut ego interpretor) divinae vocationis argumentis. Et ad Collegii disciplinam quod attinet, hoc mihi certum esse constitutum atque deliberatum, pietate, religione, ct virtutibus omnibus, quoad a me fieri poterit, animum excolere, meque paratissimum exhibere, ad omnia humilitatis & observantiae officia exequenda. FRAN: YONGE

SUMMARY

[343J YOUNG Francis, son of James of Claines, Worcs. (steward to the Archbishop of York until his voluntary resignation) and of his wife deceased, born 19.7.1570 at Hartlebury Worcs., educated at Worcester, Eton, St. Mary's Hall Oxford (2 years) and Trinity College, Oxford (7 years); tutor to the son of Sir Robert Dormer for three years and more. Has two elder brothers, and one younger brother, a fellow of New College; has two sisters married. Has both pro-Catholic and anti-Catholic kinsmen, none of great name or authority. Has studied erratically grammar, poetry, rhetoric, a little Greek, geography, arithmetic, some astronomy, very little dialectic and philosophy; has taken the usual degrees. Latterly studied ambitiously civil law and languages. Healthy; has never needed a doctor nor taken to bed for two successive days since infancy. Could never be persuaded by his teachers that Protestantism was true Christianity; this was due partly to example of his uncle, a Marian priest who had resigned his benefices & lay hidden in his father's house during his boyhood. Lost interest in religion through ambition; repented and was reconciled to Church by Fr Edward Oldcorne. Crossed to Flanders with like-minded companions, intending to sail to Spain; captured and stripped of money and clothes by raiding French brigands; held to ransom by them at Boulogne. On being freed, set sail for Spain from Calais; forced to return to port after 11 days of storm. Leaving Calais a second time, was fired on by two Dutch warships, who forced them to surrender, boarded their ship, and carried them prisoners to Rotterdam. With his companions, was taken by the town councillors to be a Jesuit; shipped to England after a month's imprisonment; treated as a traitor at Dover; examined by Secretary Waad in London until it was established that they were neither priests nor Jesuits. After being freed from prison by friends' efforts, attempted to cross to Ireland, but was betrayed to Waad by a false friend. After further examination by Waad and the Archbishop of Canterbury, was released on payment of part of ÂŁ10 due to the officials at Dover for the expense of carrying their prisoners to London. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 29 N ovember 1598.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

9

JOH[ANNESJ GR[EAJVES 29 Novem: 1598 290 Novembris 1598 1. appellor Johannes Greaves, vicessimum quart urn aetatis annum ingressus, in comitatu Sommersettensi natus et educatus in quadam villula non longe ab oppido Ilmistrensi. 2. Parentes nec sunt ex plebe nec ex prim is , sed mediocris conditionis et status atque fidei haereticae: habeo frat res 20s sorores 40r, alteram, quae provectoris est aetatis, nuptam, omnes nullius religion is aut deterioris. consanguinei ex genere paterno innotuerunt mihi nulli, ex mat[ erJno autem praecipui sunt Haukeri, et ex affinitate proxima Bonvilli, quorum alii iique superiores nihil minus sapiunt quam fidem orthodoxam, alii aut em ore profitentur sed factis negant. 3. Studui Oxoniae, incubui in multiiugum literarum genus, philosophiam tam naturalem quam moralem, dialecticam, Astronomiam, Geometriam, Arithmeticam speculativam, Geographiam, Historias, Poesin denique dum insector omnia capio nihil. 4. Nullam a pueritia vel corporis vel animae infirmitatem sensi. 5. Prout tulit educatio ado levi aliquot annos in haeresi sumpta vero una cum toga virili iuditii t libertate retrolapsae istius tempestatis duram condition em tempora, mores anteactae aetatis meae initia, progressus non magnopere invitus perpendo, eaque reperio esse omnia ut haberem merito suspecta. Quae dum ultimo in animo etiam atque etiam reputo, vide or profecto non sine detestabili scelere posse me in communi eoque miserando nostratium errore diutius persistere. Indies confirmor in sententia, emolior ex animo veteratam haeresin, per quam animose erigar, quaesiturus denique expeditam mihi aliquam salutem (extra quam nulla est) repperi in ecclesia. sustinui carcerem in Gallia mensem unum, in Hollandia octo, in Anglia tres. 6. Respondeo eo de mum me esse animo in Collegii disciplinam ut eius cupiam fieri esse observantissinlus, nec tam vitam affectasse [dudumJ ecclesiasticam quam religiosam. J OHANNES GREAVES [344J

SUMMARY [344J GREAVES John, 23 born, and brought up near Ilminster, Somerset, son of middle-class heretical parents. Has 2 brothers and 4 sisters, the eldest married, all of false religion or none. Related through his mother to the Hawkers and the Bonviles; some nonCatholics, others Catholics in name only. Studied unsatisfactorily at Oxford natural and moral philosophy, dialectic, astronomy, speculative arithmetic, geoography, history, and poetry. Always healthy. Converted to heresy on coming of age; was imprisoned one month in France, eight in Holland, three in England. Desires to be a religious rather than an ecclesiastic. 29 November 1598.


10

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[345J

ROBERTUS CALDWALLUS 30 Novembris 1598 Ultimo Novembris Anno. M.D. lxxxxviii 1. Vocor Robertus Caldwallus, 19 annos natus, pater erat generosus, operam navavit arti medicae, mortuus est, haereticus erato educatus eram in domo patrui catholici, qui etiam apellaturt Ro: Cal: 2. Mater adhuc vivit haeretica, duxit virum nomine Beringtonium nobili loco natum, habitantem in commitatet Hereford: domus apellaturt Winslye. habeo fratrem unum aetate minore haereticum vel potius nullius religionis, sorores sex, quarum duae duxerunt viros haereticos, alia est catholica habet virum schismaticum. 3. Retoricae tum temporis operam dedi, progressus non erat magnus, studui Wigorniae. 4. Laus Christo Beataeque Virgini valeo neque unquam de ullo gravi morbo laboravi. 5. Schismaticus eram, lapsus est annus cum dimidio ab eo tempore quo fidem catholicam amplexus sum. opera Patris Oldcom: catholicus factus. passus sum in Hollandia, Anglia et alibi tres menses vel quatuor. 6. Vitam Ecclesiasticam agere vehementer desidero et propono : nec non disciplinam Collegii dum hic mansero libenter subire in animo habeo. ROBERTUS CALDWALLUS. SUMMARY [345J CALDWALL Robert, 19, son of dead heretical physician and of heretical mother now the wife of noble Mr. Berington of Winsley; brought up in house of Catholic uncle Robert Caldwall. Has one younger brother, heretical or irreligious; and 6 sisters, two married to heretics, one a Catholic married to a schismatic. Studied rhetoric with little success at Worcester. Always healthy. Converted from schism and reconciled by Fr. Oldcorne one and a half years ago. Suffered 3 or 4 months in Holland, England and elsewhere. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 30 November 1598. [1599J aetatis 25th[?J 24 die Octobris anno redemptionis 1599 1. Nomine recto: appellor Robartus Walkerus, aetatis: viginti quinque annorum vel circiter. in Baruico (urbs in comitatu Northumbriae cituat) natus eram ibique puaeritiat duranti cum parentibus permansi, postea in comitatu Eboracensis ab Ava educari me parentes miserunt quacum 9tst annos saltern manebam, abhinc ad Civitatem Cayerliensis ad studium incumbendum proficisserert. hic binos fere annos adfui, Caetera vero tempora cum parentibus (duos praecertimt ann os quos Londini) consumpsi. [346J


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

11

2. Pater nominatur Gulielmus Walkerus mater vero Jane Johnson : priusquam nupta erat, Capitanus fuit pater in eodem opidot 20tst annos et eum iam sic esse spero si res aliter non eveniret nam audivi litem esse inter eum et subgubernatorem quam ob causam me latet, tres me habere fratres spero, sorores duas, cognatos multos, quos a puaeritia t non vidi hi habitant enim in comitatu Eboracensis quorum una quae vidua est cum tota familia catholicae fidei bene esse affect am scio. 3. Loci (ubi studiis operam dedi) tres tantum fuerunt: Oswaldchurch pagus in comitatu Eboracensis: Caerlyle, urbs in comitatu Cumbriae, 3 locus fuit nativitatis mei, authores quos legi immediate ante studia reliqui: Virgilii librum 3. Ciceronis lib rum de amicitia cum alliis t . 4. de agritudinet (Deo maximo ago gratias) nihilsentiopraeterquam corporis debilitatem, quae magnam esse fateor. 5. Hareticum me totius vitae spatium maioris satemt esse non denego posquamt tamen familiaritas habita cum quibusdam Generosorum filiis qui Catholici fuerunt, librosque de Resolutione a me perlectos quos ab illos habui lumen maximum mihi vitae praeteritae attribuerunt, et viam tutissimam quomodo in futuris viverim demonstraverunt; non sine divino quodam instinctu ut mecum saepissime ab eo tempore cogitavi. in Gallia in Carcere positus fui ob fidem Catholicam apud locum quendam nomininet Shallet Capitanus huius loci haereticus fuit. 6. De intentione studio que quod ad ecclesiasticam vitam degendam habeo, vobis sit cognitum: (Patres Reverendissimi) nihil mihi optabilius vel delectabilius accedere potest quam in vinea Domini laborare; statutisque omnibus huius domi divina Dei gratia observiret fideliter spero. SUMMARY [346J WALKER Robert, c. 25, son of William, captain at Berwick these 20 years (who may have lost his office owing to a quarrel with the deputy governor) and of Jane Johnson; born at Berwick and brought up there and at his grandmother's at Oswaldkirk, Yorkshire, where he spent 9 years; lived 2 years at Carlisle; since then has lived with parents save for 2 years in London. Has 3 brothers, 2 sisters; has many kinsmen in Yorkshire, including a pro-Catholic widow with her family. At the end of his studies was reading book three of Virgil and Cicero's De Amicitia. Healthy, but not strong. A heretic until he made friends with Catholics and read the Book of Resolution. Imprisoned for religion by a heretical officer in France, at Chalette[?J. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 24 October 1599. [347J

1.

MICHAEL FREMANNUS Anno domini 1599. Mensis Octobris dies 30. Nomen verum est, Michael Fremannus perque hoc nomen


12

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ubicunque fuerim, cognitus. Aetas, viginti et unum annos, aut circiter, continet. Natus in Commitatu tEboracensi non pro cuI ab Eboraco, in villa quadam ex parte Orientali, quae dicitur Menthorpia, ibique a parentibus in Catholicae fidei institutus mysteriis, et bonarum literarum studiis educatus, de quo latius infra in responsione ad 3um. 2. Respondeo me Patrem habere Ioannem Fremannum, virum Catholicum, uxore, ante 14 annos viduatum; status et conditionis mediocris, Agrorum et pecorum multiplicatione et fructibus vitam ducere solitum; iam vero per quinque annos in Carcere Eboraci, et alibi, et multo ante domi suae, tanquam in custodia, detentum, maxima bonorum parte pro sua professione per officiarios regios spoliatus. Fratres habeo duos, et Sororesque duas, omnes per Dei gratiam Catholicos. 3. Respondeo me scholis trivialibus in Villa a paternis laribus per unius milliarii spatium distante, Duffeldia dicta, primis elementis, deinde latinae linguae rudimentis, postea profectiori Grammatticae cognitione, fuisse instructum usque ad 15 aetatis annum; postea veo cum heretici illius loci primates, me Catholicum esse viderent (quod praeceptor prius noverat et siluerat) mihi scholarum frequentationem interdixerunt. Inde vero post annum integrum, domo paterna absque scholarum frequentatione, non tamen, omnimoda studiorum omissione consumpto, audivi in villa altera, quae Castelfordia dicitur, a nobis 20 milliaribus distante, schismaticum quemdam Oxoniae aliquando studiosum docere, multosque Catholicorum filios in suis scholis habere; illuc deinde me contuli, ubi annum cum medio in Poesis et Rhetoricae studio consumpsi. Cum vero praeceptor illinc in locum alium dimigrasset, in Diaboli fauces incidebamus. Erat enim Curatus parochiae puritanus, qui post quam ibi per 3 septimanas mansissem advert ens quod illorum templa non frequentassem statim ad Haeresiarcham magnum, virum illorum iudicio non vulgariter doctum, et prudentem, nomine Bunneyum accurrebat, meque illi accusabat. cumque rediisset me in scholis apprehendere, et coram illo adducere cogitans, opinionem suam fefelli quia praemonitus, e scholis et villa decessi. Tunc demum Domum rediens, et aedibus paternis quiescens, in eis quae didiceram et aliis etiam libris legendis tempus consumens. sed cum illic quiescere, salva conscientia, non potui, cum Nobili quodam, D. Anne, habitationem feci, ubi et propriis studiis incumberem, et ipsius natos erudirem. in quo tempore saepius huc veniendi periculum feci, et pro pulsus , sed tandem per Dei gratiam, inveni viam mihi apertam Duacumque veni, ubi per duos menses, Rethoricae, postque per annum integrum Logicae studio operam navabam. 4. Respondeo me hoc tempore (per Dei gratiam) et corporis et animi valetudine praeditum, nullaque corporis aegritudine per decem annorum spatium laborasse, tunc vero per aestatem integram, febri Capitisque dolore aegrotasse. 5. Respondeo me ab ineunte aetate intra Ecclesiae Catholicae


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

13

cancellas inclusum fuisse, nunquamque (auxiliante, gratiamque praebente, divino numine) ab ilia mea professione defuisse. huc et iliuc per haereticos aliquando depulsus, non sine aliquo pro parentum, consortii defectu, et bonorum dispendio, dolore, qui tamen eo facilior erat, quod bona non penitus amissa, sed Deo solum accomodata iudicaverim, qui debitum multo cum foenore reddere solet. 6. Respondeo me ad vitam ecclesiasticam non sine magno fervore et desiderio, et magno parentum et amicorum consensu aspirare; ad hunc enim finem ab ipsis (quod aiunt) crepundiis, eram a parentibus destinatus, ideoque bonarum literarum succo me quoad possent enutriri curarunt. Postremo etiam me, ad Collegii disciplinam suscipiendam, ad Collegii regulas servandas ad Superiorum praecepta obsequenda, ad exequendum denique quicquid mihi a superioribus agendum dicendumve proponitur semper pronum promptumque futurum spero. intercedente pro me Beatissima et immaculatissima, Virgine Dei genetrice, et patrono meo S. Michaele~ adiuvanteque Sanctissima trinitate cui omnis honor et gloria in sempiternum. Amen. MICHAEL FREMANNUS. SUMMARY

[347J FREEMAN Michael, c. 21, son of John (a middle-class Catholic farmer, who has suffered on account of his religion loss of property, long house-arrest, and 5 years so far in York prison) and his wife, now 14 years dead; born at Menthorpe near York and brought up there a Catholic. Educated in elements and Latin rudiments and grammar at Duffield, until 14; expelled when his Catholicism, hitherto concealed by the teacher, became known to the local officials. After a year at home, studied poetry and rhetoric for a year and a half at Castleford, where a schismatic Oxford graduate taught many Catholic children. After departure of this teacher, was reported to heresiarch Bunney by puritan vicar for non-attendance at parish church. Ran away from school to escape arrest; studied at home; later became tutor to children of noble Mr. Anne. After several vain attempts to come to Rome, reached Douai & studied rhetoric 2 years and logic 1 year. Now healthy, 10 years ago suffered fevers & headaches for a whole summer. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic, having been so destined by paren ts from cradle. [348J

ROBERTUS W ATKINSONUS natus annis viginti circa festum nativitatis primi sequentis 1. Quod ad verum nomen et aetatem attinet maxime consentaneum, ut in margine utraque scriberentur, arbitrabar. Ad cetera iam tendit oratio. Locus ubi eram natus, educatus et etiam nutritus


14

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

vocatur Hemingbrough, non pro cuI a civitate Eboracensis, ubi decem (vel non multum secus) annos partim in primis elementis ediscendis, partim otiose transegi: postea vero literarum gratia ad aliam villam vocatam nomine Castleforde, iter suscepi; quamdiu vero ibi permanserim inferius dicetur, ubi de progressu in literarum studiis agetur. 2. Pater meus octodecim abhinc annis (me infantulo) ex hac vita .catholicus emigravit. Matrem vero status mediocris, viduam, et catholicam, cum e patria discesserim, superstitem reliqui. Unicum tantum fratrem schismaticum, sorores duas orthodoxae fidei participes, et cognatos fere omnes eiusdem religionis incolumes discedens obviis (ut aiunt) ulnis excepi. 3. Studia, quibus maxime operam navarem, humanitatem tantum sapiebant, eousque vero in iis progressus eram, ut cum Duacum religionis et litterarum solum gratia pervenirem ad logicam admittebar. Locus in quo per quatuor annos vel circiter operam et oleum (ut aiunt) in literarum studiis insumebam, vocatur Castleforde. Postea amicorum suasu et etiam cuiusdam sacerdotis consilio Londinum (sola vel ad hoc vel ad aliud certe collegium deveniendi causa) iter suscepi ; proposito vero, nescio quo infortunio, impedito, ad patriam denuo vel invitus, redire impellebar; ubi per biennium intermissis studiis cum matre et quibusdam amicorum peregi. Deinde literarum cupidus in limpidissimis Minervae -campis non procul a Richmonda per duos fere annos militabam, quo facto ad quendam generosum cursum dirigebam quocum et tuto -et non sine virtu tis et etiam erudition is incremento postea semper, donec transfretarem vixerim. 4. Corpore valido et sana (laus deo) hac tenus sine aegritudine fere ulla incolumis extitissem: animae vera contagione parum admodum (deo sic provident e) laboravi: tamen (ut verum fateor) ita eram cuiusdam, et docti, et etiam sapientis (si ita de schismaticis loqui liceat), viri blanditiis inductus, seu potius illusus, ut (nihil de ullo fidei catholicae articulo, conscientia mea attestante, dubitans) quibusdam (proh dolor) meorum amicorum se fore sine ecc1esia -catholica salvos persuaderem: Postea vero brevi conscientiae aculeo perculsus, sacerdotem quendam consulerem, qui, cum mihi illud non sine gravi peccato fecisse verbis tum severis tum humanis ingererat, ego summa cum celeritate illos, quibus antea illud praedixi, a proposito divertebam. Ex quo quidem nec ego, nec certe ipsi (Laus Christo) in tali aliquo erravimus. S. Quod ad conversion em meam attinet non multum in hoc laborandum esse puto: Prima enim aetate, a parente in primis fidei rudimentis institutus, postea cum annum octavum (quantum puto) attigissem, eram a quodam sacerdote nomine Atkinsoni a peccatis per confession em liberatus, deinde inter catholicos (quamvis indignus) annumeratus. 6. Ego in hac et sum, et semper a primis (ut aiunt) unguiculis (testem verborum meorum deum invoco) fui opinione ut nullam


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

15

vitam aut meliorem, aut Christo magis acceptam Ecclesiastica esse duxerim, quamvis ad illam suscipiendam me indignissimum semper arbitrarer, deum tamen spero me in meliorem, si modo praecepta et instituta collegii sicut expediat (quod quidem mecum semper proposui et iam firmius facturum propono) observem, in dies commutaturum, ut et sacerdotali officio digne fungerer, et etiam superioribus meis in omnibus obedirem: Quod ut faciam Christum ipsum, matremque suam benignissimam summis precibus et oro et obsecro. SUMMARY [348J ,WATKINSON Robert, born at Hemingbrough, Yorks, about Christmas 1579, learnt elements there until 10, studied letters 4 years at Castleford. Son of Catholic father 18 years dead and middle class Catholic mother. Has one schismatic brother, 2 Catholic sisters, and mainly Catholic kinsmen. After leaving Castleford went to London with the intention of crossing to a seminary; forced to return home for 2 years. Continued studies 2 years at Richmond, then lived advantageously with a gentleman. Crossed to Douai and was admitted to logic. Healthy. Once persuaded some friends that they could be saved outside the Catholic church; hastened to dissuade them on being told the seriousness of his sin by a priest. Learnt the faith as a child, made confession when 8 to a priest named Atkinson, since then reckoned as a Catholic. Has desired since childhood to be an ecclesiastic. [349J

RrcHARDus ASHToNus anno Domini 1599 mensis octobris dies trigessimust. Quandoquidem reverentiae vestrae necessarium videtur (Pater reverende) ut omnes adolescentes qui huc studendi gratia sese conferunt aliquod testimonium pristinae vitae morumque antequam huius disciplinae scopulos ingredi possint, ennarrarentt. Mihi non invisumigiturvidetur,hocopus incipienti.,sed suave et iucundum vobis, et vitam, et mores in medio ponere, vos humiliter orans et implorans ut quicquid dixero boni consulatis.

1. nomen meum proprium est Richardus, cognomen vero Fisherus: sum viginti annorum: natus Bartoni in comitatu Northampton ibi etiam educationem meam praecipuam accepi. 2. Ad secundum caput respondendum, nescio quid dicerem, quia de parentibus et amicis est dicendum, si eos laudem, reus ero stultitiae sin vituperem, ne ingratus videar maxime perhorresco. sed ut citius hoc dilemma transvolem, reliquenda haec sunt omnia de parentibus et amicis simplicitati et veritati, quae duae sic exclamant, omnes cognati tui (uno excepto in Anglia sunt haeretici quos Deus tandem aliquando fax it ut ad meliorem statum sint


16

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

reducti De patre et matre adhuc nihil dixi, pater autem est schismaticus, mater vero ut verum dicam nescio quomodo aliquando vergens ad Catholicam religionem aliquando aliter secundum, morem mulierum de hoc capite hactenus, quo spero me sine pudore ullo (quamvis sit cum pudore mea maximo) dixisse veritatem. De fratribus et sororibus iam dicendum est. tres habeo fratres,. tot sorores, fratres vero sunt omnes catholici sorores schismaticae. 3. In hoc capite videtur mihi quod non immorandum est, satis enim perspicere possit reverentia vestra, qui tempus meum, ad bonarum artium studia acomodavi. t 4. In hoc sequenti non video cur diutius hereamt tantum enim respondendum est de corporis statu quem semper Deo gratias meliorem et saniorem inveni quam merui et nunquam puriorem sanitatem sentii, quam iam sentio 5. Ad respondendum hoc quintum caput longius tempus acquirendum est quam hoc tempore mihi propositum est sed quoniam aliqua festina[tio] requiritur breviori oratione contenti erimus. De vocatione primum respondendum est. id est ut explicetur an unquam fui haereticus vel schismaticus ad quam question em respondere non minime erubesco. Haereticus fui sexdecem annos, ultimo quorum, Londini Legi dedi operam, aut saltern debui. apud dies pentecostes redivi in patriam (ut mos est) epulari et iocundari. et viatim ut revertebam audivi fratrem meum qui iam hie sub vestra protectione manet esse Wisbichi quem maxime tunc temporis odiebam quod ibi dies suas in tali loco conferebat, tamen videre ilium maxime peroptabam. adivi castellum, petii pro ilio, venit, et post multas congratulationes verbaque dixit se brevi esse secuturum fratrem suum Georgium qui paulo ante Sancti pneumatis inspirationibus reliquisset patrem, matrem, omnesque alios arnicos Apud quae verba valde perturbatus fui animo tales deinde perfundens querelas quid fads (frater) quid queris, respondit, ego quaero praecipue animae salutem, vel talia ut commemoro dixit orans me ut ad hunc cursum gressus meos dirigerem et ut ilium iturum in has regiones, associarem post multa verba non recusavi quia semper mihi valde charus fuit, haec agitans ibo cum ilio et videbo omnia ista de quibus dixit, nam multa dixerat mihi de religione et de hominum vitae austeritate in his patriis, si vera forte manebo, sin falsa revertar, sed ante hoc tempus, erat quidam sacerdos Wisbichi cuius nomen est Greneus qui saepius perhumaniter me excepisset et multa mihi promissisett si patrem patriamque repudiarem quem demiratus sum saepissime quod tantum faceret in gratiam mei quem nunquam ante vidisset, tamen reiidebam tum ilium tum promissa a Ion go tempore nec ullo modo ilii confidebam nunquam tamen literas mihi mitt ere et dona prom itt ere relinquebat. donec mihi cum fratre in has patrias discedere persuaserat haec erat mei ad catholicam fidem conversio breviter, nam si dicerem, quae de me et arnicis meis did possent quando ab illis discessurus essem vereor ne nimis diu reverentiam vestram legendo tenerem haec ergo sufficient alii, qui


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

17

sunt in his partibus lacrin1as, eiulatus, frequentissimos ÂŁletus, qui inter amicos meos cum profecturus eram extiterunt attestari possunt pudent dicere quomodo reliqui parentes sed cum ultimum (ut in Anglia aiunt) vale eis dixissem, et progressus essem quatuor miliaria itineris pater iterum misit unum expeditum in equo qui haec verba mihi p[ro]tulit, debes secundum iussum patris iterum revert ere si unquam cupis mat rem tuam videre vivam, reverti, et repetii domum patris, quae mulieribus erat expleta, propter dolorem quem mater concipiebat in discessu meo, adivi matrem, et allocutus sum illam humiliter, ÂŁlexis genibus orans ut patienter discessum meum ferat, dicens resolution em meam hac in re non posse infringi, poshaect iterum dixi vale illis et noctu ad fratrem meum hie manentem qui erat in itinere redivi. Haec de hoc capite 6. De proposito ac desiderio mea acquirendae doctrinae et submittendi me ad collegii doctrinam disciplinamque, hoc spero sufficiat cupio valde perseverare in hac vitae semita in qua sum et submiteret memet huius collegii disciplinae ut tandem, quando Deo et vobis placebit revert am in patriam ad confirmandos amicos meos, quos tam charos habui P Rec[tori] RrCHARDUS ASHTONUS

Anno domini 1.5.9.9. mensis octobris dies trigessimust 1. nomen meum proprium est Richardus. cognomen vero Fisherus. sum viginti annorum, natus Bartoni in comitatu Northampto[n] ibi etiam praecipuam educationem accepi. 2. Pater meus non est nobilis, mater vero est. loquor de nobilitate, ut habetur in hac patria. omnes amici quos per matrem habeo fere sunt nobiles, quos per patrem sunt nobiles. status et conditio patris hoc tempore sic se habet ut medium inter nobiles et divites. tres habeo fratres omnes catholicos, tres similiter sorores non catholicos, sed schismaticos. pater est shismaticus. pariterque mater. 3. In hoc capite videtur mihi quod non immorandum est satis enim perspicere possitis, qui tempus meum ad bonarum artium studia accomodavi. semper fere dum fui in Anglia debebam studere sed non studui. nam de hac vita nequaquam putavi. duos annos Duaci studui. et hoc anna fui ex prima decuria ascensurus ad Logicam. 4. In hoc non diu haerebo tantum enim respondendum est de corporis statu quem sanum et bene valentem semper inveni, et iam pariter invenio. 5. haereticus fui sexdecim annos aut circiter deinde duos schismaticus, persuasus fui ad catholicam fidem amplectendam per D. Greneum Sacerdotem Wisbichi. qua via? respondeo. frater meus qui hie est ibi studuit inter sacerdotes. et cuml quodam 1

Erasure: "Ioanne illi".


18

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tempore ivi illum visum fui persuasus statim miserunt me cum fratre in has regiones, nihil in Anglia pro hac causa patientem. 6. Magnum habeo desiderium ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam et tam serio hanc desidero, ut nullam spero disciplinam mihi fore ponderosam. SUMMARY

[349J FISHER Richard, alias Ashton, born and bnmght up at Barton, Northants. Son of schismatic upper middle-class father, noble schismatic and vacillating mother; has noble kinsmen on both sides, all except one heretics. Has 3 Catholic brothers and 3 heretical sisters. Studied little in England, 2 years at Douai ; this year was due to go up to Logic from the first decuria. Always healthy. A heretic for 16 years, during the last of which, while studying law in London, he went home to celebrate Pentecost; on his way heard that his brother-now here-was at Wisbech. Annoyed by this, but anxious to see him again, visited the castle and learnt that his brother intended to follow his other brother George into exile. Was at length persuaded to accompany him, yielding to prolonged persuasions of Mr. Greene, a priest at Wisbech. Describes painful farewell to parents. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 30 October 1599. [350J

HENRICUS [SIJLLISDONUS

an. 1599 26 octo bris 1. Vero et proprio nomine Henricus Bedingfieldus nuncupor ; Instat aetatis meae annus 17. Natus sum autem in comitatu Suffolciensi: ibique ut plurimum educatus, duos tamen annos civitas Londinensis duos Audomarapolitana arripuit. 2. Parentes nactus sum catholicos, et ob fidem saepe iacturam bonorum, saepe vincula passos, nobili uterque familia oriundus. fratres multos sororesque habeo catholicos omnes, cognatos pene infinitos partim catholicos, partim scismaticos, haereticum nescio aliquemne nominare possim? Conditio eorum varia alii divites alii pauperiores, hac tamen sorte plures catholici, illa scismatici. 3. Studiis ut primum per aetatem mihi licuit operam dedi, praeceptoribus tamen usus ut plurimum rudioribus, magnam plerumque temporis iacturam pati coactus sum, per unum tamen aut alterum annum, quo tempore a catholico viro et erudito institutus fui, latin am linguam assequutus sum. His de mum partibus poeticis rhetoricisque facultatibus imbutus. 4. Quod ad valetudinem, non gravi aliquo un quam morbo labora[viJ sentio tamen saepe debilitatem quandam corporis, mentis que frigiditatem. . 5. De vocatione ad fidem nihil possum respondere, semper enim ab ipsis incunabulis a parentibus ad fidem catholicam informatus fui, pro illa tamen nihil passus sum.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

19

6. Cum proposito et desiderio ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam discessi ex Anglia, propono etiam disciplinam collegii observare donec in eo mansurus sim. Laus deo Beataeque Virgini Mariae SUMMARY

[350J BEDINGFELD Henry, alias Silisdon, almost 17, born in Suffolk and brought up there except for 2 years in London and 2 at St. Omers. Son of noble Catholic parents who have suffered loss of property and imprisonment for religion. Has many brothers and <sisters, all Catholics; has many poor Catholic kinsmen and rich schismatic kinsmen. Studied under inefficient tutors; learnt Latin in a year or two from a learned Catholic; studied poetry and rhetoric abroad. Healthy, but weak in body and frigid in mind. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 26 October 1599. [351J

JOANNES COPLAEUS

Anno Aeta[tisJ suae 22 completo post festum Pen tecostes postremo transactum : 1. N atus sum Lovanii in flandria; et nono die aetatis meae missus fui in Angliam ibique educatus et nutritus usque ad ¡nonum Annum aetatis; tunc matre decedente ex Anglia ivi Leodium perque annum cum matre ibi rem ansi ; ilIa deinde reversa in Angliam Duacum proficiscens Pater Nicholaus Smithaeus curam mei gerebat, cuius tutelae etiam per Matrem commendatus fui, ibi rem ansi per unum Annum in Collegio regis, studens rudiment is ; Pater Smithaeus cum deberet fieri J esuita misit me Valencenas, postque medium Annum ibi in Gramatica consumptum, revocavit me Valencenis ~ iterum duacum ubi collocatus in Collegio Anglicano Syntaxin audivi per Annum Cum que Collegium Audomarense erigeretur Pater Smithaeus factus minister eo me revocavit, ubi per Annum et sex Menses remansi audita poesi et introductione ad Rhetorieam per superiores Collegii missus fui cum Reverendo Patre Baldwino, et sex aliis studiosis in Hispaniam per Caletum videlicet cum Gulielmo Worthingtono, Joanne Iversono Thoma Gardnett, Jacobo Thomsono et Henrico Monpessonio. Hic accidit infortunium super mare omnes simul fuimus capti per naves Reginae Angliae ducebamur in Angliam, ego solus seperabart a caeteris primus ego committebar Episcopo Londinensi ubi post sex dies, mediantibus aliquibus amicis liberatus fui, ea tamen conditione; et obligatis amicis in trescentast libras Anglicanas ut non descederemt regno: a quo tempore ibi remansi inter amicos vivens propriis meis sumptibus, mihi metipsi liber, nulli subditus; Inter voluptates mundi, deditus venationi, societati et huiusmodi vaItlitatibus donec tandem melioris vitae disideriumt, et anteactae vitae consideratio me huc perduxer[itJ. 2. Parentes mei fuerunt ex nobill familia; Pater meus vocabatur


20

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Illustrissimus Baro de Hoo et Wells, et dominus Thomas Coplaeus de Gatton; mater fuit ex familia Lutterellorum ex Australi parte Angliae; fratres habeo duos; sorores quatuor ex quibus tertia quae accepit sibi maritum Dominum J oannem Gage et quae vocatur Margarita cum ipso Marito fuit adiudicata et condemn at a ad supplicium, post incarceration em duorum annorum pro sacerdote quodam qui aliquando celebrarat Sacrum in eius domo, qui postea factus est Martir; quae constituto die et cum marito ducta in curut per plateas versum locum [supplic]ii [e]t etiam ligata ignominiose manibus [in ipsa via litte]ram procrastinationis su[ppli]cii recepit. A Regina tamen non fuit condonata, nec restaurabatur veIl t ipsa vellt maritus; sed hoc fuit factum ut durante vita Mariti, Illustrissimus Baro Carolus Howard de effingam eius terris et proventibus potiretur, quibus ad hunc usque diem potitur per donatum Reginae. Pater fugit ex Anglia pro rell[ig]ione, et mortuus est in Flandria, in servicio Regis Hispaniae, Regina Angliae toto tempore absentiae possidente eius bona et omnes proventus per confiscationem fugae suae. Habui Avunculum Catholicum dominum Gage de fide in Sussexia. Habeo Cognatos Catholicos dominum Guilielmum Shellaeum, dominum Georgium Cottonum Dominum de lides; Dominum de Price; et totas iliorum familias. Dominum Skinner; Dominum Crips; preteriat aliqua pars familiae Suthwellorum et alia familia Coplaeorum profitetur Catholicam fidem: Reverendus Pater Robertus Suthwell qui iam factus est martir consanguineus ex sorore patris. Cognati et affines Heretici; familiae ex parte patris Lanorum Sidneorum, Hawardorum, Hungerfordorum, Careorum et aliorum multorum. ex parte matris; familiae Lutterellorum, Windorum, Sengeyorum[?] Warwicorum, Cliffordorum, Mallettorum, Stuckeleorum et aliorum multorum. 3. Studui rudimentis Duaci in Collegio Regio; Studui Grammaticae Valencenis, studui Syntaxi Duaci cum essem in Collegio Anglicano; et Poesim partemque Rhetorices Audomari Audivi[?], ulterius numquam sum progress us : ab ilio tempore fui deditus lectioni historiarum; et studio Cosmographiae. 4. Quod ad sanitatem corporis pertinet sum optime valentis constitutionis, non aegrotavi a sex annis nisi bis levibus quibusdam catarris : In I uventute vero laboravi vehementissime calidis aliquando feb rib us : Ita ut praecipua mea inclinatio ad aegritudinem est in febribus et distiliantibus catarris. Quo ad aegritudinem animae precipui defectus processere ex malo exemplo aliorum, ex pessimo consortio, et ex inclinatione carnis meae: vixi aliquando dissolute et immorigere et relaxans frena arbitrio [perversae inclinationis a qua] fuissem perditus; nisi frequentatio sacramentorum mihi sublevassett. t bonumque consilium, et praecipue gratia, et misericordia Divina 5. In pueritia habitans cum Avunculo mea Domino Southwelo


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

21

frequentavi aliquando Eclesiast protestantum nepotum suorum consortio cum nutrirer inter illos: sed nill mali tunc eram compos, nec tanti rationis ut scirem esse malum; nec tanti Iudicii ut scirem evitandum. ab anno septimo semper fui educatus in fide catholica ad hunc usque diem, nec hereticus nec scismaticus fuL 6. Quo ad vitae Ecclesiasticae statum; desiderium meum eo solummodo tendit; sed considerans varietatem, fragilitatem naturae meae, et inconstantiam mentis, adiungendo etiam recordationem dilectorum t meorum ad t deinde indignitatem propriam, quod ad propositum pertinet et finalem resolutionem, hoc Confessarii mei iudicio et concilio refero, cui in omni voluntate et deliberatione mea acquiescam. Ordinationes, leges, et quascunque institutiones Collegii conabor omnibus viribus adhibitoque studio integras conservare; et quamvis sint valde contrariae consuetudini vitae meae et libertati propriae ; tamen ut maxime virtuti consentaneas et mihi inprimis necessarias perspiceot, Ideoque omnem voluntatem et submissionem et alacritatem in illis observandis promitto. Spero omnia ad maiorem dei gloriam SUMMARY

[351J COPLEY John, 22 last Whit, son of Thomas Copley, Baron Hoo and Wells, of Gatton (who lived in exile for religion and died in Flanders in the service of the King of Spain, while all his goods were confiscated by the Queen) and - - - - Luttrell; born at Louvain, sent to England when 9 days old; brought up there until 8; left England with his mother & lived with her at Liege; on her return to England was committed to care of Fr. Nicholas Smith at Douai; studied rudiments in the royal college there; on Fr. Smith's becoming a Jesuit studied grammar for a year and a half at Valenciennes; on recall to Douai studied syntax for a year in the English College; studied poetry and part of rhetoric for 18 months at St. Omers when Fr. Smith became minister there at its foundation; sent to Spain with Fr. Baldwin, William Worthington, John Iverson, Thomas Garnett, James Thomson, and Henry Mompesson; after leaving Calais was captured by English ships, brought to England and separated from companions; committed to Bishop of London; freed after six days on condition that his friends should pay ÂŁ300 if he left the country; since then has lived a life of pleasure spending his time in frivolity and hunting. Has 2 brothers and 4 sisters. (The third sister, Margaret, wife of John Gage, was condemned to death with husband after 2 years imprisonment because a priest, later martyred, had said Mass in their house; was reprieved on the way to the scaffold; lost her husband's estates & revenues to Lord Howard of Effingham.) Is related to Mr. Gage of Firle, Sussex (his uncle), to Mr. William Shelley, Mr. George Cotton, Mr. de Lides, Mr. de Price, Mr. Skinner, Mr. Cripps, all Catholics; to the partly Catholic Southwell family; and to another Catholic family of c


22

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Copleys. (Father Robert Southwell, the martyr, was a kinsman of the respondent through his father's sister.) Is related also, on his father's side, to the Lanes, the Sidneys, the Howards, the Hungerfords, and the Careys; on his mother's side to the Luttrells, the Windsors, the Sankeys[?J, the Warwicks, the Cliffords, the Mallets, and the Stukeleys, all heretics. Since leaving St. Omers has studied history and cosmography. These last 6 years has not had any sickness save catarrh; in youth suffered severely from warm fevers. Formerly lived dissolutely and would have been lost had it not been for frequentation of sacraments, good advice, and the mercy of God. As a boy, living with his uncle Mr. Southwell, attended heretical churches innocently; from his 7th year was brought up a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Will attempt to keep the rules though they are very contrary to his customary life and liberty. [352J

EDMUND US SMITHEUS

Decimo 17mo Novembri anno millessimo quingentesimo nonagesimo nono 1. Quod ad praenomen spectat, diu quidem Edouardus vocabar, tum domi a parentibus, tum etiam foris a familiaribus, ipse etiam in literarum et Epistolarum subscriptionibus illud nomen apponere solebam, sic tractu temporis evenit, ut illud mihi verum nomen putabam: cum autem per Dei gratiam animum mutaveram, tum etiam nomen illud novum, reipsa autem verum mihi assumpsi: in qua re facienda non mihi defuit consilium pruden tis confessarii; cum enim illi dixeram illud nomen mihi in baptismo inditum fuisse, me putare tum quia idem in libro ubi Baptizatorum nomina inscribuntur inveneram tum etiam quia Patri et Compatri nomen erat, ipse mihi consuluit idem resumere. Annum aetatis iam paene attigi vigesimum secundum, si quidem quoad multitudinem dierum computatio fiat; sin minus, si spectatur Christiana religio (secundum quam vita denominanda est) primus annus finitus est nuper quo verae Religionis vestigia sum insequutus. Natus sum in humili quodam pago, in Oxoniensi comitatu sito, vulgari nomine vocato Cromish, proprio autem et vero Newnham; est enim pagus iste in duas divisus parochias, quarum una priori altera posteriori nomine appellatur: Locus hic prope celebriori cuidam oppido vulgo Wallingfordia dicto, conjunctus est, solummodo Tamesi fluvio interfluente. Educatio moraliter loquendo fuit certe satis honesta et liberalis habui namque matrem satis asperam et satis amantem et in mores corrigendo et etiam in procurando ea quae corpori erant necessaria, Pater autem dum ipse t enera essem aetate vita functus est; qui dum vixit omnem mei curam matri commendavit cuius post obit urn (aliter enim si supervixerat mihi evenisse credo) multis annis de Religione, de pietate, de debito erga Deum honore amore sancto aliisque omnibus quibus suo creatori mortales omnes se gratos deberent praebere ne quidquam degustavi; donec miserrimae


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

23

meae conditionis commiserante Deo omnipotente saniora mihi suggerat, et ad meliorem tutioremque vivendi modum excitarat animum cuius rei caussas et circumstantias omnes postea, ut occasio dabitur referemus. 2. Parentum status in rebus mundanis valde mediocris est; nec multis abundant divitiis nec rerum necessariarum satietas deest ; det Deus ut non ita terrestribus cogitationibus mergantur, ut supernas negligant; et hic iusta mihi datur causa dolendi cum mecum reputo maximum illis imminens periculum dum extra Ecclesiae gremium in obcaecata haeresi vitam degunt, et sub specie veri falluntur miseri: alios ab omni bono proposito res suas amittendi metu deterreri credo, alios ignorantia rerum divinarum inbuti, et ad animarum salutem omnino media nescientes, aut saltern non quaerentes, quotidie (quod dolendum est) perire non desistunt, et in animarum ruin am ruere praecipites. Hisce modis vitam degentes habeo matrem et vitricum superstites (Pater enim tredecim abhinc annis, vel ibi circa, defunctus est Catholicus) habeo item fratrem unum, duas sorores, etiam cognatos cognatasque aliquas, omnes pro veritate amplectentes haeresim; quos Deus pro sua misericordia in ovile suum reducat errantes. 3. Magna semper et ingens erat confusio in studiis, ita ut vix ullum aut saltern non magnum progressum profectumve me unquam fecisse memini: jam enim Logicam studerem, jam Physicam; deinde utrisque relict is , studium humanitatis forsa[nJ placuit, sic novis semper delectatus studiis, dum singulis incumberem, singula neglexi: Primo ad gymnasium in oppido Burfordia situm grammatices elementa discendi gratia missus eram, ubi aliquot annos commorans, aliquid item in re ista proficiens; me ad Oxoniam (suadente illud vitrico matreque) contuli, ubi in primo ingressu magnus proficiendi erat ardor animi, postea vero nugis et vanitatibus (quod commune ibi juvenibus esse solet) illectus multum intermisi studia; sicque habenas elaxans voluptatibus, operam et oleum quod aiunt (nisi quod parvum in lingua latina profectum feci) perdideram prorsus. 4. Aegritudine aliqua non un quam nisi minima aliqua et repentina, ut dolore capitis et huiusmodi, me laborasse scio; morbum autem, qui Suillina pestis vocatur semel habui gravissimum; ita ut totum paene corpus quasi unica scabie cooperiebatur. alium etiam semel morbum sentii, cuius sum jam ignarus nominis; solet autem rubris quibusdam maculis ab eo immaculari corpus. Ab omni animae cura atque sollicitudine tam remota mens, atque libera cogitatio diu fuit ut si magnis esset obnoxa periculis, et imminentibus malis subjecta, tamen nullam ipse senseram aegritudinem, per incuriam eiusdem salutis, cum ipsa laborabat maxima 5. Referre pudet, vitam sane in haeresi usque ad vigesimum primum paene annum traduxi omni solutus cura, vel divino numini placere, vel animae propriae salutem agere. Sed noluit me ulterius in mei ipsius ruin am pergere Deus; quin optimo quorundam exemplo


24

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

animum excitavit, ut illorum ad ipsum sectarer vestigia, et mundo Satanaeque renunciarem. Fuerunt ergo Pater Graveus et Pater Yon gus , qui mihi primum ad Christum aditum patefecerunt; cum enim de illorum proposito intellexeram, tanto eram subsequendi desiderio captus, ut vix meipsum intra Collegii limites continere potui statim mihi iste status vivendi displicuit; omnes excogitavi modos meipsum ultra mare transmittendi; et ecce quam magna fuit providentia Dei, illi enim ipsi qui primum motum ad perfectionem dederunt, etiam modum exquisierunt, quo relictis mundi vanitatibus melius Christo inservirem: cum enim essent e carcere liberati, Pater Y ongus Oxoniam aliquos amicos visendi causa, venit, quem cum vidi (ut vere fateor) vix prae gaudio mei compos fui; cum ergo prima occasio dabatur, omnia prout acciderant ei enarrabam, et auxilium causam meam promovendi petebam; ipse statim omnia pro viribus se facturum promisit: qui Londinum revers us , de me Reverendos Patres, Patrem Listerum et Patrem Coffinum certiores fecit, ipsi ex charitate illis divinitus data, me accersi jubent ; quo cum veneram, me magno cum gaudio amplexi sunt ambo; ac Pater Coffinus me iterum atque iterum amplectens, te inquit in filium meum accipio: et sic non m~tis post die bus rem [?] effecit, nam in ecclesiae unitatem, praehabito Poenitentiae Sacramento admisit; tam cura ejus ita in dies erga me nihil tale promerentem excrevit ut in sublevandis tum animi tum corporis necessitatibus plusquam paterna fuit: jam post paucos dies de mediis me ultra mare mittendi audiverat; sic elargitis ab eo nummis pro viatico literis quoque oCommendatoriis adhibitis; accepta demum ejusdem benedictione, discessi. Iter autem illud Deus brevi finiebat nam ab haereticis -captus et in carcere per maiorem anni partem detentus patientiam et constantiam meam experiri vellet; ipse autem me in vinculis non dereliquit, sed ita gratia sua suffulcit ut adversariorum torvos vultus, opprobria, et verba minantia, aequo animo tolerarem. Ei ergo sit laus et gloria in aeternum. 6. Illud semper apud me ratum fixumque habui quo primo Christum scire inceperam, quod si unquam dignaretur Deus tali me dignum reddere munere, vitam Ecclesiasticam longe optimam mihi visam, libenti ac volenti animo susciperem et cum daretur opportunitas, indies ad tantum munus suscipiendum me paratiorem aptioItem ad Collegii disciplinam aliaque remque reddere, conarer. omnia in eodem observanda, faciendave quoad Deus dederit vires, me promptum paratumque fore promitto et spondeo. Laus Deo Virginique Matri. SUMMARY

[352J SMITH Edmund (so baptized, but called Edward until his conversion when on his confessor's advice he resumed his true name) just 21, son of Edmund, born at Crowmarsh or rather Newnham, Oxon., near Wallingford. Lost his Catholic father about 13 years ago; was brought up liberally by a severe, loving and pro-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

25

vident mother who left him in ignorance of religion. Son of a middle class heretical family whose dangerous situation he laments. Has a mother and stepfather still alive, one brother and 2 sisters, all heretics. Studied logic physics and humanitites haphazardly; learnt elements some years at grammar school at Burford; later wasted time in frivolity at Oxford, progressing in Latin only. Suffers from sudden headaches; once suffered chickenpox, was covered as with a single scab; had another disease which fills the body with red spots; is mentally imperturbable. A heretic until almost 20; was stirred by example of Frs. Greaves and Young into a desire to cross the seas. Told this to Fr. Young, then visiting his friends at Oxford after his release from prison; was recommended by him to Frs. Coffin and Lister at London. Warmly welcomed, was confessed and reconciled by Fr. Coffin, and given journey-money, letters of recommendation and means of travel. Captured by heretics on the way, was imprisoned for nearly a year; was given strength by God to bear threats and insults. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 17 November 1599. [353J

NrcHoLAus HARTus

Die vigessimot sexto Novembris, anno milessimot quingentessimot nonagessimot nono. 1. Ita vero nomine vocatus sum, et viginti fere duos annos vixi, apud Cantium in villagio Kennington appellato natus sum, et cum novem annos transissem, in scola Westmonesteriensi per spatium quatuor, vel quinque annorum instructus fui; et postea duos annos in Oxonia vixi, deinde per spatium quatuor vel quinque annorum apud Londinum in the Inns of Court and Chauncerye, et ita educatus fui. 2. Parentes mei fuerunt nobiles, & per annum ducentas libras dispendere possunt, pater meus erat ab initio scismaticus, et natus de parentibus catholicis, per patrem, si non per matrem, et nunc est catholicus, et vixit fere decem annos in ecclesia sed sine persequutione ut puto, tamen mater mea nata erat de haereticis sed nobilibus; at postea nupta erat certissime credo ipsam esse scismaticam, et est mortua, mea soror et mei fratres sunt mortui, atque pater meus ab hoc tempore sine uxore vixit; tantummodo habeo per patrem unum avunculum, non est in qua que authoritate; et iste est scismaticus, et alterum cognatum hereticum et persequutorem, qui est a Iustice of peace, omnes altrit mei cognati sunt sive catholici, sive scismatici plerumque: omnes mei avunculi et cognati per matrem nobiles sed ut puto haeretici, et non aliqui de his secundum meam cognition em in quaque magna authoritate. 3. Tantummodo studui grammatice et parum Logice, et profectus meus est valde parvus, oxoniae studui per spatium duorum annorum 4. Aegrotus fui nunquam in mea vita nisi bis and once of the measles & the small pockes, ideo mea valetudo corporis ut spero


26

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

per dei gratiam est valde bona, et ultima aegritudo erat gravissima sed duabus abhinc annis, et ab eo tempore I have gotten a great rume et aliquando habui aliquid doloris in capite. 5. I have bynn allwayes from myne Infancye a scysmatick; and contynuallye very much geven unto devotion untyl that I came unto the yeares of syxteen or seaventeene, at which tyme I came to lyve at the Inns of Chauncerye & Court in London; and there fallinge in to badd companye grewe by litle & litle to leave that good desyre which I allwayes had before unto devotion & did beginn a most lewd course of lyfe, & at length fallinge from one synn unto another greater, & by Custome of sinninge I grewe to have noe sence or feelinge of sinne, insoemuch as their was noe sinn soe haynous that I would not have attempted, onlye this beinge odious unto me to goe unto the Church of the heretickes, allsoe when that I entered into that badd course of lyfe I had this purpose that after that I had by that meanes made my selie famous unto the world, & made experience of diversitie of vices, that then I would reforme to a good corse of lyfe to the end that as I had bynn before famous for vice, soe that then in lyke manner I might be famous for my vertue; and oitentymes I had this good motion to come into my mynd whearby I was moved to crye out, what 0 god reputed for a saint in my youth & nowe shall I become a div[il]; after that I had continued in this course of lyfe for the space of twoe yeares or their about, one night as I and my companione walked in the streetes meetinge with twoe other gentlemane[?], it happened that one of them iustled my companyone as we walked together, whearupon afterward in multiplyinge of wordes & in our Coller, we drewe eatch upon the other in the streetes, & my companyone & one of the contrarye part had receyved some little hurt & soe we wear parted, afterwarde I and my companione purposinge to goe into the feild with the others & soe to end it, in that he had receyved some hurt before & both of us an iniurye; nowe in this tyme of consideringe with my selie, howe daungerous a matter it was, & that I myght chaunce to be slayne; I called to mynd this sentence which I had often before read Nulla salus extra ecclesiam, theirfore thought I, I will goe & be reconcyled & then I care not weather I be slayne or noe, & was reconcyled in the marshallsea by Father Stanney a Francyscan fryer whoe lyved their prysoner; & never made my gostly father acquanted with my purpose, allsoe after this I continued my badd course of lyfe for the space of a twellfmonth & a litle more in more high degree of wyckednesse then before, all this tyme I persuaded my selie that their was noe man that did live out of mortall sinne, & did think that all that wear Catholicks if that they did but observe diligently to confesse all these mortall sinnes which they had committed & could remember in their confessione that then they did presently after death with out passinge tho throwe purgatory first ascend up to heaven, but yet notwithstandinge I had never a desire or readinesse to dye, unlesse that it wear forthwith soe sone as ever


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

27

I had bynn at confessione & then I seemed not care what kind of death had happened unto me; it pleased god in this my wicked course of lyfe to visite me with a sicknesse, even in that instant when as I did think much to have confessed my selfe in my vilenesse ; & I perceyvinge my selfe by litle & litle to languish away, thought I it is now tyme to beginne to saye some prayers; the which I did as a Pater noster & Ave Maria & such lyke, well it pleased god that in my sicknes every daye increased & I contynued in a most extreme heat in my stomack for the space of a fortnight ore three weakes without anye intermissione but nowe & then I tooke some litle rest in the night in my sleepe; in the tyme of my sicknes It was demaunded of me wheather I would have a preist to come to me or noe, & I forthwith aunsered I, allsoe It was tould me that I must prepare me selfe or not at all, for I could not have a preist whensoever I would; & when the preist came to me I was in daunger of death yet notwithstandinge during the tyme of his presen[c]e, I through shame of my sinnes laye as though I had bynn asleepe & would not confesse my selfe in my si[c]knes I purposed that if it pleased god to geve me lyfe I would be come a newe manne, that recoveringe some sixe or seaven weakes or more before michaelmas one which day was the firste masse said that ever I herd, that untyll michaelmas I would continue my former course of life and soe take my leave of those wicked pleasures, beinge moved with a kind of sorrowe which I had for that great greife which my father suffered through my bad course which I did then follow, allsoe which the consideratione of my owne undeutyfullnes & my freindes did crye out against me, sayinge that I would shorten my fathers lyfe, & that I would be cause of his death allsoe I was persuaded to amend my lyfe by one mr strange whoe lodged in the same house wheare I did live a Catholicke in lyke manner by divers other of my freindes. when michaelmas drewe neare I then did begine to thinke upon my purpose, & least that I should passe michaelmas daye, I did beginn to examine my conscience some three of four dayes before, and one the night before I purposed to goe to confessione I was very much tempted by one of my former companions to eat flesh it beinge a fastinge daye at night, I endeavoringe by all means possible to shune his companye & coud not but that I must needs supp with hime, I beinge loth to seeme unto hime to refuse to eate fleash, in this great perplexitie & vexatione of mynd allsoe thinkinge that if I should this night eate flesh why it wear a more haynous offence than all the rest that I had before committed; & soe millions of times callinge upon the name of Iesus, it pleased god that by this meanes I was delivered, for we walkinge home together to supper, it came in to his mind to goe into a Confectioners shopp wheare he did soe fill hime selfe with sweete meates, that he had noe stomack unto his supper, & I in lyke manner used the same excuse, & soe whent the next day morning to Fryarstanney againe to make my confessione unto hime. At that tyme before I whent unto confession I purposed most


28

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

certaynlye ever after by the grace of god to live out of mortall sinne & to amend my former course of lyfe, presently after that I had bynn at confession & mad this purpose it pleased god to geve me great contentment & tranquillitie of mind; allsoe about some twoe or three dayes either more or lesse after that I had bynn at confessione, I had an earnest desire to come over & to enter into that order of religione which was the most strictest and in which I might doe god most service, which I did thinke to be the order of the Francyscans in that I had soe herd, allsoe at this motion I was verye much perplexed & troubled in mynd, In that I knewe not howe possibly I might compasse it & at that time that I was in this perplexitie their happened to be others in my chamber whoe weare talkinge of comminge over, to whom I made my desire knowne, but yet at the first I thought with my selfe not to acquaint anye, because I did presuppose that they would but laugh at me for utteringe perswadinge them selves that it was but some melacholye conceyte & in like manner it would be passed over, soe sone as I had uttered my mind unto them, I receyved great comfort from them in that one in the Companye called by the name of mr strange, forthwith promysed me to acquaint me with Father Garret for at that tyme I had never seene nor spoken with anye of the socytie, & presently soe sone as he was named because that I had herd such great fame of his great resolution with which he suffered the torture in the tower of London, I was inflamed with such an earnest desire towardes hime & all the rest of the socyetie, but espeacyally to speake with hime & I did thinke everye daye a yeare and afterward I had manye letts & hindrances before that I could either see or speake unto hime, that I did often break forth into teares, & saye 0 god it is a far greater Crosse, then this that which I have deserved through my haynous & abhominable sinnes, allsoe at that Instant I had a motion came in to my minde to be of the Socyety of Jesus in which I humbly thanke god I have bynn ever since most constant, allbeit I have had manye temptations to allure the contrarye, in like manner I have oft entymes since that tyme considered with my selfe that the order of the Capucians the more strict but none more profitable in godes Church then the Iesuites, and in this consideration my mynd hath allwayes remayned firme, & constant to be of the Socyetye; I lykewise when that I talked with father Garred I was greatly comforted through his most sweete counsell & Chieflye next unto god I have bynn instructed by hime in that which hath allwayes bynn most in my spirituall good. 6. Propositum meum per dei bonitatem est esse de Societate Iesu, & est omnis causa cur ivi de Anglia, et duobus abhinc ann is hanc vocationem habui, et quamdiu hic mansero, deo iuvante disciplinam collegii diligentissime observare propono. [There is extant also a shorter version of these Responsa. T he answers to questions 1-4 and 6 are word fo r word as above, with


RESPONSA

very slight abbreviations. full below.]

29

SCHOLARUM

The answer to question 5

~s

printed in

5. Semper ab initio scismaticus fui, et in primis annis multum me esse virtuti deditum putabam ; donec quindecemt vel sexdecemt annos transissem; et postea cum in virtutis amore deficere inciperem, inter me et alterum controversia accidit, in qua controversia per quasdam bonas inspirationes factus eram catholicus, dubitans ne non tantummodo vitam sed etiam animam perderem si pugnaremus, ut intendebam; per frat rem Stannaeum de ordine St. Francisci reconciliatus fui, et nunquam illi meam intentionem aperui. et tamen (ego iam catholicus) non nequissimam illam vitam relinquebam, antequam deo placebat, gravissimam mihi aegritudinem mittere, atque hac in aegritudine mecum melior em vitam incipere proponebam, si deus valetudinem daret: et per magnam dei misericordiam recuperatus eram, atque non solum in corpore, sed etiam in anima post paucas septimanas bene valere incipiebam ; et ardentissimum desiderium habere esse religiosum, apud quod desiderium me esse valde perplexum inveniebam, et cupidum cum patre Charetto loqui, cum quo post paucos dies loquebar; perque deum et per suavissimum illius consilium maximum consolationem vel solatium recipiebam: atque etiam quomodo in virtute proficere possem.

SUMMARY

[353J [Only the Latin version is summarised, not the E nglish text.} HART Nicholas, c. 22, born at Kennington, Kent; at 9 went to Westminster School for 4 or 5 years; studied 2 years at Oxford and 4 or 5 years in the Inns of Court and Chancery. Son of noble parents who have ÂŁ200 a year to spend. (His father, a widower, was born of a Catholic family; was once a schismatic, has been a Catholic for 10 years without being persecuted. His mother was born of noble heretics; from her marriage until her death she was a schismatic.) Had brothers and 1 sister, all now dead; has one undistinguished schismatical uncle, and a persecuting cousin who is a Justice. Has otherwise catholic or schismatical kinsmen on his father's side, noble & undistinguished heretics on his mother's. Has studied grammar and a little logic without great progress. Had measles and smallpox, now healthy save for a great rheum and occasional headaches. Always a schismatic; virtuous until 15 or 16; then fell from virtue but converted to Catholicism owing to controversy with a friend; reconciled by Franciscan Fr. Stanney. Continued vicious until stricken with illness which made him reform and gave him desire to be a religious, which he communicated to Fr. Gerard. Has desired for 2 years to be a Jesuit; for this reason has left England. 26 November 1599.


¡30

[354J

1. de loco nativitatis meae de vero nomine et .aetate

De patre meo proprio deque eius statu ac conditione

De matre

De Educatione m ea

De fratribus et soTore

parva cura ¡de nostrorum educatione

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

HENRICUS CHADERTONUS 1599. primo die decembris anna Domini milessimot quincentesimo nonagesimo nono, aetatis meae quadragesimo sexto aut septimo. Natus fui in quodam Castello a patre mea a fundamento constructo atque aedificato (sed ex Regis Henrici Octavi expensis) et in Comitatu Southamptoniae prope Portismouthe collocato: de quo in senectute sua Dux et Capitanus fuit : quod in Aula principis hodierno die Castellum Chadertonicum vocatur, sed publice Southseae Castell. Fuit etiam urbis Portismouth (ut scriptura sepulturae suae demonstrat) primus Dux in quo loco nemo post ilium gubernavit, nisi esset, vel Eques, ut Sir Adrianus Poynings, vel Baronus, ut Dominus Chidiocus Paullett, et qui etiam hoc tempore gubernat, Dominus Mountioye, vel Comes, ut Henricus Ratklife Southsaxiae Comes: ortus autem ex quadam domo ex antiquitate nominata Chaderton Hale, in Comitatu Lancastriae constituta. Recepit in Mater autem mea ex parentibus Titch- domum suam bourne in Southamptoniae Comitatu gener- dum vixit osis maximae antiquitatis orta fuit. Edu- Reges duos catio mea, quod pater meus, dum tertium vid. Henrtantum egi annum morte, ex terris in icum Octo. et coelos (ut spero, quia tempore Reginae Ed. filium Mariae migravit) translatus est, vagra fuit: eius pater usque ad annum aetatis meae 7. vel 8 : meus: et nunc cum amico uno tunc cum altero, sed plures multopraecipue cum Matris meae generosa Mat- ties ex prirona de Civitate Southamptoniae: reliqui mariis consautem fretrist mei, qui tres fuerunt, duo ularibus. maiores, et alter minor natu cum sorore unica permanserunt cum matre: unde cum ad domum matris revocatus, earn inveni cuidam generoso iuveni matrimonio coniunctam, qui cum ea septem vel octo annis vixit, et quatuor fere eorum consumptione laboravit; qua propter Londinum cum quatuor vel quinque servis, consilii medicorum causa, quorum tres vel quatuor quotidie consiluitt per medii vel integri anni spatium frequentavit: Un de maximam substantiae part em proprii patris consumpsit, immo non decimam fere reliquit partem. N ostrorum interea parva cura haberetur: quoniam si praeceptorem in propria Materna domo pretio conductum unius anni spatio habuimus, per duos integros absque aliquo nostram pueritiam, atque adolescentiam, flores aetatis nostrae in nugis et vanitatibus p[erdJeremus. Substantiam tamen non totam consumpsit, sed tantam, quanquam non ad


RESPONSA

SCHOLAR UM

31

tantam [pomJpam (ut secundum mundi huius vanitatem loquar) quantam antea, tamen ad mediocrem atque generosam hospitalitatem fovendum reliquit. Marito matris meae secundo iam mortuo circa annum aetatis meae 13. ut existimo, a Comitatu Southamp. in Sussexiam migravit: ubi post aliquantum temporis misit me cum duobus fratribus meis minoribus (quia frater natu maximus eodem tempore studuit in Aula studiosorum iuris Communis) ad scolas: in quibus didici Rudimenta, Regulas concordantiales anglicanas Catonem, partemque Terentiae: et incepi Gramaticam Latinam legere: sed post duos circiter annos, hinc frater meus natu maximus, qui paulo antea duxisset viduam in uxorem, Qua de misit pro me inserviendi causa et intentione Comiti causa a sco- Southamptoniae, qui in baptismatis sacramento pater la subtractus meus erat: sed Comes ipse quia mater eius tunc temporis fui. superfuit, et maxim am eius Palatium occupavit, et in condendo, et in reparando alterum persistit quia locum sufficientem, ad servos suscipiendum non habuit me pro In Aula tempore renuit. Paulo autem post locatus fui cum principis quodam Equiti officiali in Aula principis: cui inserviequod am bam non pro mercede, sed libero arbitrio, fere per tempore annum: rnde et iam ad maternam domum reversus permansi totam adolescentiam meam usque ad annum aetatis meae vigessimum t tertium, consumpsi in venatione, in fau1cones nutriendo in lusione cum aleis et cartis, et in omnibus delitiis in quibus mens humana, haeretica vel schismatic a doctrina imbuta et veri Dei cultum ignorans, delectare potest. Mors primi Frater meus natu maximus obiit ante quam perveni ad fratris annum vigessimum t primum et haereditas illus, sed magna contentione et expensis per duos vel tres annos in iure communi cum uxore primi fratris (quae contra ius gentium et populorum, contra ius Dei et naturae petivit haereditatem) tandem ad frat rem secundum perveniebat et praeter hanc iniuriam maximam, a marito suo fretret mea tantum obtinuit, ut magnam part em non solum in partibus Australibus verum etiam Septentrionalibus ad ditandum suos filios, quos alteri De conver- marito genuerat, in venditione consumsisset. Nunc ad sione mea salutis meae annum, nunc ad annum inquam in quo et reconcilia- primum, et quo-modo cognoscere, timere et in Ecclesia tione ad Catholic a Deum optimum maximum recte colleret Deum. incepi; perveniam. Secundum et vigessimum t circiter annum aetatis meae, non casu sed ex professo et zelo proprio accidit, quod quidam sacerdos (ex charitate et vicinitate locorum in quibus nati sumus, et quod pater meus, pater esset eius in fonte Baptismatis, nomenque


32

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

eius portavit, motus) ex generosa imo ex nobili sterpet Iohanis nomine Pounds dicere possim; ad maternam domum accessit; et matrem, et me, et sororem meam examinavit (fratres enim abfuerunt) nosque non haereticos sed schismaticos, et ad omnia Catholice respondentes invenit, non tamen ad verum Dei optimi maximi cultum paratos. In fine denique dixit se habere librum optimum sed magni pretii aestimatum: de pretio respondi, me nihil curasse: quare statim convenimus pretio: liber erat de motibus Domini Doctoris Bristo : quem postquam legi et perlegi, certus de rectitudine et sanctitate fidei Catholicae factus sum et de ea cum aliquo haeretico disputare, paratus; sed non ad amplectendum earn. Deinde me moram faciente, post annum unum sorte fortuito accidit, dum iter feci ad commodandum pro usura centum libras anglicanae monetae, quas dedit mihi mater, et mecum frater meus iunior: quod suscepimus in via pro hospitio domum matris illius Iohanis Pounds: non ilium tamen sed fratrem eius Thomam, qui nunc in Turri Londinensi est inc1usus solum cum matre present em invenimus: ubi familiariter et admodum amice suscepti eramus: et dum in mensa sumus ipse matrem suam multis bonis piisque verbis urgebat, ad fidem Catholicam suscipiendum: sed nihil inde prorsus mo[veba]tur: sed potius discontenta a coena surrexit, et abiit, verbaque eius pia fugit; atque sic permansit (magis dolenda et indigna tali filio) usque ad ultimam horam. IlIa autem discessa convertebat et dirigebat verba sua ad nos: et oper[ation]e Divina, non fratri, sed mihi acceptabilia essent: Responsum enim ilii dedi: Me optime novisse, fidem Catholicam rectam et perfectam esse fidem, et sine dubio absque ilia nullam esse redemptionem. Immo ait ipse (ut eius verbis utar) itane dicis et ere dis ? et non vis iliam accipere et amplexare, in qua sola Deus recte colliturt. ad haec mutus eram: et nihil potui respondere. Oh, bene scio, inquit, quid cogitatis, quasi eram in cordibus vestris: Vos estis iuvenes, et omnia habetis ad voluntatem [or: voluptatem]: iuventutem itaque vest ram in iucunditate, in daelitiist et in vanitatibus mundi huius consumere desideratis; et in senectute vestra Deo inservire vultis. Sed quid si dum estis in via, arbor, vel Lapis ex domo super vos caderet, vel inimici vestri aut Latrones occurrerent vobis, et vos pugnando occiderent, vel aliqua alia mors, nescio quam, subito vos invaderet, (nullus enim potest pro certo scire se victurum aut sibi promittere vitam in crastinum diem) quid tum esset de vobis act urn ? In momento in infernum dis-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

33

cenderetist. His et similibus verbis his victus et corde fractus animo que tactus respondi. Me nihil magis desiderare quam Ecc1esiae Catholicae me posse esse membrum: Hoc a me dicto: sis (in quit omniiucunditate et heleritatet loquebatur) bono animo et consilium a lecto accipe; (tayke consell of your pilIowe in Inglishe) si sis crastino die eiusdem mentis, qua iam es, de siderium tuum, Deique voluntas et tua impleatur. Permansi constanter Dei optimi maximi gratia et favore: dedit mihi tunc lib rum ad orandum dum parabat litteras: et cum paratae fuerunt, me cum ilIis misit ad domum cuiusdam nobilis et Catholicae muIieris viduae Sir Quis me Deo Thomae Gilforde Equitis: ubi inveni Dominum Stevenes reconciliavit aut Stevensone, qui aliquando Iuelli Salisburiensis Episcopi fuit Secretarius, qui in me rem Divinam in cepit , qui me Deo reconciliavit; resque peracta rogavitt ab ilIo quid in posterum facerem, quod amici mei plerique haeretici vel schismati erant, sed aliter satis praec1ari permulti, et eorum more in comedendo carnes in diebus ieiuniis, et reliqua similia, cum ilIos frequentavi facere solebam: Consilium mihi ' dedit, ut alicui homini nobili et Catholico inservirem, ubi secundum fidem Catholicam qua iam imbutus eram lib ere vivere potui. Libenter concessi: Et interea dum me in cubiculo ad perficiendum opus satisfatorium t reliquit, egit cum nobili ista vidua causam meam: quae statim ut egressus sum de cubiculo mihi obtulit servitium, 1. fratris sui Gulielmi Shelli: 2. proprii filii, qui tunc 12 annum tan tum egit, et quasi tutor eius essem: 3. sui ipsius: 4. Vicecomes Mountagew nobilissimi viri, quod non dubitavit quin pro me obtinere. Ingentem illi dedi gratiam pro liberalitate sua erga me : sed prius amicorum consilium et praecipue Domini Thomae Pounds rogare cupiebam: si autem alicui illi sibi prae caeteris inservire vellem, propter eius maximam erga me benignitatem oblatam. Et sic redii ad patrem, redii ad rectorem meum et totius vitae meae Thomam Pounds, et illi ostendi quomodo res se habuit. Patrem illum dico, quia verba eius venit in mentem: hoc accidit per mensem unum Thomam P. ante festum Nativitatis Salvatoris nostri recte patrem et iussit mihi redire ad se circa festum S. vocare possThomae Apostoli ut simul iter facere um quoniam potuerimus ad celebrandum inter Catholi- ut pater cos festum totum Nativitatis Salvatoris mundo sic nostri: Mandato eius obtemperavi; et ille me Deo cum primo ascenderemus equis; Ibimus, generavit. inquit, inter amicos meos, qui te non

Cuius admonitione et consilio factus fui Catholicus.


34

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

norunt et cum interrogaverint quis es? respondebo, filium meum te esse : 0 bonus pater, sed malus filius: bonus rector, sed ineptus Imitator. Post festum autem Epiphaniae dum reverteremur Episcopus Wintoniensis in itinere orbavit me ill 0 , et inc1usit illum in carcere eiusdem Civitatis: sed nullo modo abstinere potui, quin illum brevi invisum ire: sed interea de ilio optimum somnium (non ausus sum dicere, vision em , propter indignitatem meam, nisi Deus ob eius dignitatem, quantum et quam bonum de eo rectorem haberem, mihi ostendere dignaretur) vidi: quod me tantum movebat ut quatam t existimationem St. Monica Ambrosio Episcopo habuit, tantam ego de ilio habui : Quicquid enim de ore eius ad dirigendum totius vitae meae cursum, audivi: de ore quasi alicuius Angeli vel Sancti prodiens existimavi. Postquam itaque ilium secundum votum et desiderium invisum venissem, (quod maxima et mirabili quasi difficult ate obtinui) et mentem et somnium illi manifestassem, rogavi quid vellet me esse facturum? Ipse statim in praesente mihi consilium dedit, ut cum omni celeritate iter facerem cum pecuniis quas paratus habui Londinum versus, ubi quendam sacerdotem nomine D. Alenum Cardinalis Aleni cognatum invenirem, qui quinque dierum spatio postea Romam versus iter incepturus esset. Hoc accepi quasi ex ore Altissimi, et ex toto corde adimplerc constitui, et sic postquam vale ilii dixissem me ad diversorium contuli: et tantum de itinere cogitavi; ut ilia nocte dormire fere non potui. Surrexi itaque ad properandum iter circa horam tertiam post medium noctis: sed ante quartam ab ilio recepi litteras, quibus ilium intellexi, men tern mutasse: quod breve nimis tempus habui ad tantum me iter preparandum, adque matri caeterisque amicis vale dicendum. Quapropter statuit me ad nobilem iliam viduam praedictam redire, et cum ilia convenire non ex vinculo vel pro mercede sed libero arbitrio et se, non dubitaret, dixit, nacturum esse ante festum Pascalem tam bonum et opportunum modum mittendi me ad Romam. Sed talem et tam bonum modum ante hoc tempus praesens, et nunc sero Proh dolor nunc nimis sero vereor nunquam invenire p[otu]i. Conveni itaque cum ilia, et ilii duobus annis integris [viduae] non mercede sed voluntarie inservivi, quae semper in tribus annis domo propria sacerdotem senem nutrivit; nobill et unius anni spatio marito in matrimonio mulieri coniunctae; qui duos semper sacerdotes, Catholicae et quadragintos, vel quinquegentost servos inservivi


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

35

inter quos 12. vel 14. generosi fuerunt, in domo, immo in palatio dicam, quia omnia secundum modum et morem nobilis observabat, retinuit atque nutrivit. Nunc autem cum servitium hoc meum cum omni diligentia et obedientia, utrique illorum acceptabile, ut facile per illorum amorem insignem erga me et persecutio in inusitatum perspiciebam, implevissem: accidit circa Sussexia tertii, et ultimi anni finem, quod, quidem Cancellarius incepit sur- vel Ordinarius Chichestriae (qui officium Cancellariatus gere, quam sui simonia emisset) incepit iactare tonitrua sua adversus ego fugi . Catholicos Sussexiae ad recuperandum pecunias cum usura, quas pro officio dedisset: et eam ob causam officiales suos in circuitu misisset. Quapropter, unus ex sacerdotibus istis, et ille Causa, cur a praecipuusadmeveniebat,etremetmentem nobili ista Domini mei mihi narrabat, videlicet ad hoc muliere iam status domus Domini mei perventus discedi. est, videlicet si vellem adire ad haereticorum templum, tunc esset mihi locus illic ad manendum aptissimus : vel si nollem adire eorum templa, sed perman ere in fide Catholica illic etiam locum permanendi potui habere libentissime: sed mihi tunc cavendum esset de periculo instante, quia Dominus meus ipse debet curam habere suiipsius, uxoris, et liberorum, qua de causa alios adiuvare nullo modo potuit: aut venia discedendi ad fugiendum instans periculum facile concederetur. Cui Responsum hunc dedi Me libentius velie atrocissimam mortem subire, quam eorum templa adire: et praeterea si illic non esset permanendi mihi locus sine magno periculo et discrimine. alter locus mihi sufficeret: si non in Anglia, alibi tamen in aliqua Patria; et ideo vellem libenter discedere, si vaniamt mihi concederetur. Verba statim mea Domino meo retulit, unde venia discedendi mihi concessa, et pecuniis, quas lib ere accomodavi Dominae meae, dum esset vidua, videlicet centum circiter libras Anglicanas, mihi reditis [?]: post quinque dierum spatium Domino et Dominae meae, omnibus que in domo amicis vale dixi: et abii, at que ad fratres quorum unus esset senior, alter iunior, qui simul mors matris sine coniuge vixerunt, redii: quod mater mea iam per meae. annum ante mortua ascendisset coelos atque omnia bona sua me tribus annis ante recusante, quia nee mundum neque mundana desider- Mater mea avi, illis duo bus coniuncits, tribuisset. Hoc obtulit mihi autem mihi iucundissimum est, quod Deo mediam parfavente atque adiuvante obtinui matrem tem omnium


36

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

meam Domino, et salvatori suo Iesu bonorum suoChristo reconciliatam fuisse, decem vel un- rum tribus decim mensibus ante quam moriebatur, annis ante aut aegrotavit: omnis itaque honor et quam moriegloria sit Omnipotenti Deo: quid mirabile batur, si hic videor dicere? me esse natum ante mundanam mat rem meam propriam. Quantum igitur vitam devalebat consilium rectoris mei Thomae gerem sed Pounds, Deo illum inspirante, quod primo recusavi. tempore non migravi Roman versus nunc facile videtur. Paucis itquet diebus cum fratribus requiescens absque mora iter feci cum pecuniis Londinum versus, ubi Dominum Thomam Pounds inveni in carcere Marshalsis inc1usum: et mecum accepi sororem meam, quae me precibus et lachrimis saepenumero precabatur illam adiuvare, ut vitae prioris suae cursum mutaret: nolo in quit , in is to haeretico statu permanere, si totum mundum lucrari possim: secundum verbum id Dominicum: Quid homini prodest, si totum mundum lucraretur et anima eius detrementumf patiatur. Cum iam ad Londinum pervenimus, cubicula pretio suscepimus in domo eiusdem piisimaet Catholicae mulieris, quam multoties visitabat, unus ex patribus societatis Convertiot Jesu: qui Dei gratia et auxilio sororem meam creatori et redemtorit suo recociliavitt, et in qua etiam habitavit etiam et reconciliatio Dominus Payne sacerdos, qui postea factus fuit Martyr. sororis meae. Peracto iam hoc negotio: voto videlicet et desiderio et per quem. sororis meae reconciliandae se Deo et eius Ecc1esiae completo; proximam accepi opportunitatem transeundi mare Duacum versus, et id per consilium amici et rectoris mei T .Pounds, (cuius consilium semper in omnibus Dum potui usus sum) sorore mea cum illa Nihil alicupia Matrona praedicta, relicta. ius momenti Cum iam perventum est Duacum, meip- unquam feci sum reverendis Patribus Societatis Iesu sine consilio commendavi et commisi. Sed unde hoc D. T. Poundes venit in mentem meam ut illos tanta si illud habere reverentia, tanto que desiderio prosequerer? potui. antequam aliquem eorum vidissem, vel conversationem cum illis habuissem? Hinc: Unus istorum sacerdotum duorum praedictorum, qui fuit Causa, unde tempore Reginae Mariae sacerdos, et postea minister primo incepitfactus : tandem reliquit ministerium, et maximum desiderium etEcc1esiasticum beneficium, et transivit mare, in has amor meus partes ad restaurandum pristinum votum, et spiritualem, erga Patres sacerdotalemque functionem : ac dum hic verseretur, Societatis conversationem cum Patribus habuit. et quoties ipse Iesu mihi aliis[que]de Patribus, de eorum moribus, con-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

37

versatione, atque Sanctitate loquebatur, toties eram interne spiritu motus, et externe lachrimis plurimis Adventus confusus. Nunc inquam, cum Duacum attigissem, meus ad meque ad directionem Patrum commendassem, ac Duacum : mentem, desideriumque meum illis explanassem. responubi me ad sum recepi hunc Responsum hoc a patribus recepi: Patrum Me non posse illorum collegium intrare, Responsum directionem nisi vellem esse Laicus, quia Litteras non quod a patricommendavi colui. respondi: Me togam Laicam libenbus recepi : tius accepturum, et minimum esse inter et meum ad eos, imo servum servo rum illorum, quam illos : et societatem illorum relicturum: tunc con- quod concillsilium mihi dederunt, ut studium litteriumf mihi arum, quia pecuniae satis habui, aggredirer: dederunt et Quod onus in me lib enter accepi: Rudimenta cum pueris incepi. Quod postea. mirandum videbatur, non solum scolasticis, Incepi Duaci verum etiam civibus, qui viderunt me Rudimenta, viginti sex annorum barbatum in conspectu milliariorum studiosorum vel plurimorum cum pueris ingredi et regredi scolas cum pueris in ter ::::to~:!na septem et duo decem t omnibus annos natis. admiratione. Huius rei exemplum unum vel alterum dabo : Quidam Civilis iuris Doctor Anglus nomine White, qui uxorem Flanndicam[?] sibi in motrimoniot coniunxit, me olim, ad prandium invitavit, et dum in mensa eramus, quidam Flanndrus, qui fuit vel frater, vel cognatus uxoris eius, inter alia, haec etiam verba mihi latine protulit: Magna spes est conversion is patriae vestrae, quia homines barbati intrant scolas cum pueris 7. vel 8. annorum: et non novit me esse hominem, quod tunc in Superiori Classi eram. Dominus etiam Doctor Bristo admirans misit pro me et multa mecum verba habuit, quibus intellexit me nihil quaesiturum, nisi cultum et honorem Dei: sed tandem cum me propter impossibilitatem, quam animo concepi, unquam perveniendi ad intelligentiam linguae latinae, quod praeceptor meus Gallus esset, et ego nec gallic am neque Latinam linguam novi: cum me inquam, propter difficultatem hanc lachrimantem perspexit, optimum statim mihi dedit cons ilium ; dicens: Bono sis et forti animo, erit tibi perdifficile per tres ann os : cum autem postea ad latinarum litterarum Bonum conintelligentiam pervenies: absque dubio silium, quod tibi erit iucundissimum. Ego inquit ipse mihi D. Docno vi hominem quadragentemt agent em tor Bristo annum, antequam novit litteras legere, et dedit. tunc tantae aetatis incepit, et quatuorD


38

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

decemt annorum spatia tantum progressum fecit, ut doctissimus Doctor evasit: sed interea inquit, caveas ne nimis litteris intendens teipsum omnino, salutemque tuam destruas. Hoc optimum mihi dedit consilium, sed utinam illud ipse consecutus esset. Unum etiam demum recitabo, quod mihi taedium, et animi abiectionem in progessu litterarum et studii inferre potuisset. Videlicet Quidam ex nostris, sed pauperrimus, qui tunc temporis in classi Rhetorica, vel Logica extitit, cum, me tali modo, cum talibus, et tam parvis pueris scolam ingredientem, et regredientem aspexit: Vellem libentius inquit, reverti in patriam propriam et ibidem aratrum omnibus diebus vitae meae tenere, quam ita facerem: (quod mihi nequaquam necesse erat, quia Dominus Deus meus nimis multum mundanarum divitiarum semper mihi providebat: et plus quam unquam desideravi, cuius in omnibus fiat voluntas) : Cuius verba cum quidam mihi familiarissimus, qui in eadem cum illo esset Classi mihi declarasset: meipsum ante Dominum Deum et Salvatorem meum in cubiculo mea colligens, atque procidens, et illam, Dominicam sententiam in mentem revocans: Nisi eritis quasi unus ex istis, non potestis regum coelorum intrare; maximas flexis genibus Deo optimo Maximo pro contemptu mea egi gratias: et non nauseam sed consolationem mihi intulit m axim am , ita ut non potui prae nimio gaudio mE' a piis et consolatoriis lachrimis abstinere : et quantum etiam solamen ex istorum innocentium consortio, atque tam matutinis quam vespertinis precibus accepi, Deus ipse novit. Sed iste bonus homo incidens paulo post in morbum, illi apparuit diabilust, sed postea Beata et Gloriosissima Virgo cum Sanctis, et sanitatem recuperavit. Hoc optime scit pater Thomas Coniers, qui cum illo, non solum in eadem scola eodem tempore fuit, sed etiam eadem nOcte, cum ilio vigilavit. Et quantum praeterea erga Affectio infantes ego semper habui, et e contra quam semper quantum illi erga me affectionem habu- erga infantes erunt, ubicunque veni, si dicerem, mirabile habui, et videretur. Hic, Duaci tribus annis cum quam illi erga dimidio permansi: et quicquid habeo iliic mehabuerunt didici: quatuor etenim prim as et inferiores admiranda. classes, videlicet Rudimentorum, Primae Et hoc patres Partis, Syntaxeos, et Poesis tribus annis de me loqupertransivi, et per medium anni audivi entes olim Rhetoricam. Sed inimicus iste humani audivi : quod generis generalis, inimicus omnis boni operis illis aliquanet virtutis, ipse, inquam, progressum meum do utilis in litterarum et virtutum studiis mihi essem in do-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

39

invidebat. accidit enim circa id temporis, cendo pueros quod frater meus senior in Anglia laboravit quoniam peste et ex ilia mortuus est: Un de litterae eorum de eius morte mihi traiectae essent, et de modum, fuga minoris fratris propter pestis timorem: docendi a sed nullus servo rum neque amicorum novit, principio quo: quapropter per 7. vel 8. dies inter patres audivi. consultum esset (quod multi iterum nun- Quanto temquam redierunt, quamquam reditum suum pore Duaci multis et promisionibusi' et votis polliciti permansi et fuerunt) utrum pertransirem in Angliam. quem proSed interea pervenit altera ex Lutesia ad gressum in Duacum Epistola, qua significabatur studiis feci. fratres ambos esse mortuos: quam ob causam debUl. ex necessitate compulsus a d Mors fratris recipien d urn tam h aere di'tatem senioris, mei secundi et senioris. . . quam bona utnusque in Angliam tranSIre. quare tandem transitus mihi concessus est: sed eo revera pertransivi animo et intentione iterum revertendi Duacum quam primo potui. Nunc vero paulo post in Angliam perveni, patrimonii et haereditatis accepi posses- Reditus meus sionem: sed de bonis senioris fra tris nihil in Anglia. tetigi. quoniam fratrem natu minorem inveni viventem: et non solum bona, sed etiam haereditatem illi relinquere constitui: Annalem enim reditum pro unius anni medio tantum recepi, quin pactum cum fratre de haereditate feci, et Haereditailiam statim ilii transfeci. Annales autem tem meam haereditatis Reditus valuit quadragintas statim post libras Anglicanas per annum, (etin tempore in Angliam plus valeret) at caeterae possessiones, perveni fra tri quas pro termino solum vitae meae tenui, iuniori transviginti et quatuor libras valuerunt. Dein- feci, propoceps pacto cum fratre meo iam facto; sito redeundi tribulationes meae hinc omnes inceperunt, ad patres. ex quibus cum iam ex Anglia veni Unde statim liberatus minime fui. Hinc enim quidam tribulationes generosus, et Reginae officialis, in rebus meae inceperegalibus, qui a me domum habuit satis runt. pulchram, et amplam ad habitandum, et Tenens meus in ilia erat: ipse quoniam Ab omnibus fundum etiam in rure, qui satis commode tribulationiilli iacebat, habere non potuit: Litteras ad bus cum iam Consulares Primatos scripsit, quibus ex Anglia dec1aravit, quendam generosum iuvenem veni liberatus nuper ex alienis partibus in Angliam esse non eram. perventum, qui patrimonium et haeredi-


40

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tatem suam, intentione et proposito Tenens meus redeundi vendidisset, et fratri suo iuniori primam mihi tradidisset. Un de statim missus est procurabat Officialis quidam (quem a Pursevaunt tribulatiovocamus) cum Maiestatis authoritate nem: sed apprehendendi me ubicuncque locorum paulo post invenit me, et ilie cum duobus Iustificis ante Tribu(dicimus Justices of the peace) et decem nal Christi aliis viris, intravit diluculo domum tratris vocatus erato mei, ilio absente,) et me apprehendit. Tribulatio Quod in principio et primo ingressu, Nuntius (qui vocatur a mea prima : cum, ilium officii sui signum super pectore Pursevaunt) in qua pen d ens ostendentem, et haec mihi verba timori suc- (The Quene greetethe you) alloquentem, ~::::i::t cessit mibi audivi, magno me tim ore perculsit: sed . primarus solamen. III momento, cum, rem, causam, et meipsum Consularibus ab omnibus mali vel adversus Remnam o¡ missus vel patriam propriam suspicionibus esse liberum: atque Deum meum, pro cuius gratia et honore haec mihi acciderunt, animo forti, et salva conscientia considerassem : timori statim successit solamen. Iste tamen Officialis interea (ultra commissionem suam) magnam fecit inquisitionem in domo tratris pro libris rebusque aliis, quas me ex alienis partibus Obligationes mecum attulisse existimavit: sed nihil meae fuerunt invenit, nisi obligationes, per quas debitae inventae et fuerunt mihi trescentaet librae Anglicanae, in summo quas tenebant a me I ustitici, donec liber- periculo pertatem concesserunt mihi per obligationem dendae. Primarii Consules: dum autem me praeparabam tantam diligentiam in me habuerunt, ut non permitterent me ire ad opus faciendum necessarium, nisi duo vel tres attenderent in me. Cum iam paratus essem, me statim ad proximam Civitatem Chichestriam, u bi Quanto COffinotissimus eram, magno comitatu et itatu ad triumpho deduxerunt: quod mihi non proximam maerorem, sed potius laetitiam contulit. Civitatem Recordor enim dum eramus in via; in conductus plano et magno campo equum fraeno ret- eram: et rorsum coegi: ac comitatum tredecemt me quantam de in circuitu equitantium, non generoso, sed illo recepi potius nobili similem, hilari vultu aspexi : laetitiam revocans in memoriam cum gaudio com itatum iliorum qui Dominum et Salvatorem meum legum Christum post ilium Iudaicum osculum, deduxit ad Pilatum. Inde iam deductus ad Londinum sub huius Officialis potestate et custodia per tquincquaginta t


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

41

dies constitutus et retentus sum; cui pro singulo die vis. viiid. solvi. Interea autem, immo fere quotidie (nisi aliter iussu Primariorum Cons. prohibitum esset) Aulam Regiam, et Consulare Cubiculum frequentavimus. Tandem autem Carcerarius Marshalsies fuit vocatus, ut me acciperet, et in carcerem suum inc1uderet: et incarceratus fuissem nisi amicus et germanus meus, qui in Aula principis Thesaurio inservivit praesens mecum ilio tempore fuisset. Qui interrogavit Nobilem istum, qui de caeteris Primatis potestatem inc1udendi me habuit, ut relinqueret me in custodia illius, Officialis pro quodam tempore: quod Quomodo a facile illi concessit: sic demum pro pecu- prima triniis videlicet pro vlibrls libertatem meam bulatione obtinui: sed sub his conditionibus : Obli- liberatus gatione obligatus ego et frater meus mecum essem, et in quincentist libris Anglicanae monetae quibus convidelicet primo, ne unquam ex Anglia in ditionibus alienas patrias migrarem absque speciali obligatus propriae Maiestatis licentia: secundo, libertatem constitutus in quodam loco scilicet in obtinui. domo fratris; quandocunque illic mise runt pro me Cons. Primarii oportet me viginti dierum spatio ad eos redire: tertio et ultimo ut bene me gerem erga propriae Maiestatis personam sub paena huius obligationis: (in qua obligatione ad hunc usque diem obligatus De studiis et permaneo) et sic dimissus eram. Cum iam ad domum bonis exerci- fratris reversus sum, dedi me ad studia et ad bona tiis meis in exercitia quantum potui maxime. Consuevi enim (nisi domo aliquo impedimento impeditus ut saepissime eram horam fratris unam mane cum dimidio impendere in orando et meditando, et duas alias in legendo vel Dum in his scripturas vel hunc vel illum bonum studiis exlibrum, sed praecipue Divi Augustini cuius ercitatus; opera omnia habui, sexto tantum tomo Divi Augustdesiderante: post autem prandium tres ini librum de horas in legendo, vel scribendo, et unam in Unitate Eccorando, et etiam post coenam unius horae lesiae ex medium: (erat enim in domo optimum Latina lingDe valetu- horologium). et hoc bene sustinere potui uam transdine corp- optima corporis valetudine. et diebus tuli: et illum oris in Dominicis quatuor horas mane in oratione iam cum ex stqdiis. et meditatione impendi: vel in iis, quae Anglia veni, pertinebant ad meditationem ut erant ad quendam Epistola et Evangelium eiusdem diei, et sacerdotem lectiones ex Breviario et vitam sancti, si in Wisbithe accidit, et sermon em unum ex S. Augustino incarceratum et eum proprium diei si habuit singulis amicum et


42

Secunda tribulatio mea.

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

autem diebus Officium Beatissimae virgi- cognatum is recitavi, immo non ter per annum omisi, meum nisi negotia et necessitates vel loci, tempo- Radulphum ris, aut conversation is amicorum multoties Bicklye ad haereticorum me impedivit. Impedimenta corrigendum haec saepissime ut dixi, habui. Primum misi: et erat magna praecipuorum proximorum, alium librum quos yemen vocamus ad do mum fratris parvum de frequentatio, et conversatio, non solum Purgatorio, diebus Dominicis post prandium et festis de quo postsanctorum, verum etiam aliis diebus quan- ea magis didocuncquet voluerunt, ad hunc vel illum cam, collegi lusum ludendum non lucro sed potius ioco, contra Th. vel parvo pretio praeterire (ut dixerunt) Godlye minitempus: immo melius dicendum est con- strum sumere et perdere tempus: Secundum praeterea erat familiaritas et amicitia duorum generosorum nobis cum qui habitabant non pro cuI a nobis, quorum unus Iustificus et propinquus noster est, sed Puritanus, alter autem Protestans; immo tanta erat inter nos amicitia, ut quotidie conversabamur: nullus fere praeteriit dies, quin vel illi ad nos vel nos ad illos ad unum vel alterum exercitium exerciendum, convenimus. De aliorum autem multorum generosorum aliorumque plurimorum virorum dignitate, officio at que substantia praecellentium in circuitu prope habitantium familiaritate, hospitalitate, conventione, amicitia atque Charitate, qualem et quantam nullibi vidi, nihil loquar. Tertium denique erat copia et multitudo canum ad omnia exercitia promptorum et praeparatorum, quos habuit semper frater in domo, et vocamus proprie Grahoundes pro damis, houndes pro leporibus, & Spanneles pro perdicibus, atque accipitrum, quorum unum insignem, videlicet Falconem semper ego nutrivi, et manu tuli mea: unum solum quod, super omnia alia mundana et humana exercitia maxime dilexi. Hic autem bonus falco, me, cum generosis praecipuis, et equitibus ac proceribus nostrarum partium comitem faciebat. his inquam et plurimis his similibus saepissime impeditus eram. Nunc ad alteram, quam propter Dei, Ecdesiaeque eius gratiam, tribulationem sustinui, perveniam: et sic fin em breviter componam. Antequam annum iam integrum cum fratre Thomas Godpraeterii: minister Paraeciae, qui solus lye minister mihi inimicus erat, et nullum alium praeter Paraeciae illum novi, invidens mihi, quod aliquando maximus inter nos de fide Catholica disputatio orta nostri amifuit, et praecipue de Purgatorio, de quo ellS scilicet


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

43

scripsimus contra nos invicimt: (Con- (inimicus ditrovertia t aut em nostra de Purgatorio cerem) praeincepit in multorum proximorum nostror- sentavit me urn praesentia, quos frater meus festo coram OrdinOmnium Sanctorum ad celebrandum pri- ario mum sanctissimi Festi Salvatoris nostri diem, ut in patria mos est, in coena postquam vesperas pro de Defunctis absolvi, invitasset:) procurabat me praesentari coram Ordinarium, quare excom- Fugi a fratmunicatio mihi instabat. Quaproter ris domo prodomum fratris pro tempore reliqui, et ad pter excomamicum meum antiquum Thomam Pounds municatioconcilii t rogandi causa, quid mihi facien- nem instandum esset ad iminentemt excommunica- tem ad amitionem evitandum, quem inveni Londini cum meum in domo admodum pulchra cum matre antiquum habitantem, redii. Vellem, illi dixi, liben- Th. Pounds tius inservire Cometissaet Arundell, quam oppon[eJre me in periculo excommunicationis: Nolo in quit ut ita faceres, quanquam enim ilia inquit ipsa sit optima Catholica et nobilissima faemina, tamen inter bonos, multos etiam malos habet servos: quam ob causam inquit, mane mecum hic, consortium tuum erit mihi iucundissimum: Cuius liberalitatem accepi, et sic cum ilio permansi; cuius amor tantus erga me erat, immo quasi patris erga filium, ut Amor Domisemper fuit, ut non solum in eadem mensa, ni Tho. verum etiam in eodem lecto cum ilio, quasi Pounds erga in sinu eius semper dormivi. Ad eum me talis erat perveni circa initium decembris, et per- qualis patris mansi cum ilio usque ad secundum diem erg a ÂŁilium Maii: et tunc volens invisaret fratrem iter feci in rurem; dum autem perm ansi cum Quam diu Domino Pounds librum ilium parvum illi permansi cum ostendi, et r.escripsi, et exemplar cum eo D. Th. reliqui, quem de Purgatorio adversus Pounds cum Thomam Godlye Ministrum nostrum ex quo exemplar sacris scripturis et Divi Augustini operibus libri quem collegi atque composui. sed quoniam, De Purgatopostquam Purgatorium multis invictis- rio contra simis sententiis et documentis probassem, Tho. Godlye in fine libri etiam collegi et adieci quosdam scripsi, relimalos mores, et pravas vitas quorundam qui. ministrorum, quorum minister ipse cunctos bene novit: itaque iussit me rescribere priorem partem et posteriorem relinquere antequam darem illi: quia aliter, inquit, fieri non potest quin maximas tribulationes et persecutiones incurreres, tanturn iliorum ministerium


44

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tetigisti. Cum iam ad fratrem meum perveni, quis me magis amice salutaverit, quam ipse, sed adulatione, et dissimulatione, quoniam ante tres hebdomadae transissent, excommunication em adversus me secrete procurasset: contra legem, puto, publicam quae docet nullum vel praesentatum vel excommunicatum fore antequam per mens em in uno loco permansisset; et in Ecclesia sua publice legit, Excommuniet magno super me triumpho et gloria cationem ad~ exultavit; dicens: Si accideret, me dum versus me in ipse iliic esset minister moriturum, neque templo magin templo ilio neque in caemitario sepul- no cum triturum habiturum, et multis aliis verbis umpho publicavit. pestiferis adversum me usus est. Frater meus iam veniens ex templo mihi De prima dixit quod minister me ex Ecclesia sua ex- respontionet communicasset: Non opus esset respondi, quam fratri ut ita faceret, quoniam nunquam iliam dedi: cum intrare determinassem quam diu ipse illic mihi excoesset Minister, sed statim post cum municatiofuimus in prandio, unus servorum fratris nero meam qui ei inserviebat in mensa mihi pleno ore declaravit. hians dixit: Tu Domine Henrice a minstro nostro es anathematizatus, et extra Eccles- De secunda iam maledictus: respondi: non ita, amice Responmi, quanquam extra vestram, non tamen tionet servo extra Catholicam: spero etiam maledic- eius. tionem eius Dei esse benedictionem, quoniam causa non mea sed Dei mei est: sed si inquam sit maledictio vereor ne revertatur ad domum et caput suum proprium: et dabo tibi denarios sex si feres responsum hunc meum ad Ministrum vest rum : sed monetam meam recusavit. Quid aut em statim post accidit? Rem admirandam, tamen veram et ad Dei gloriam et honorem declarabo. Die quidem Dominico proximo sequente accidit, ut minister ipse, in eodem templo, in eodem loco eademque hora et tempore, quo excommunicationem adversus me pronunciabat, et super me triumphavit: videlicet in loco ubi Evangelium facie ad populum versa legere consuevit, inceperit aegrotare. Evangelio enim lecto, anciliam suam ad se statim vocavit, et illi lectum suum absque omni mora sternere iussit, ut unus proximorum prope ilium sedens, et ilium haec verba anciliae loquentem audiens, observa- Ministri mors bat. Ex quo lecto vivens nunquam surrex- quadraginta it. Adventus autem rei est etiam con- non horis siderandus et notandus: Ego quippe cum aegrotantis. excommunicavit me, occupatus fui, in


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

4S

rescribendo illud parvum opus, quod de Purgatorio adversum ilium collegi, sed nondum absolvi; excommunicatus aut em post unum vel alterum diem equum accepi et iter feci ad quosdam amicos meos, quibus excommunicationem meam communicavi: qua de causa aberam etiam illo die Dominico in quo ilie incepit in morbum incidere: sed postridie eius diei circa Occasum, antequam per miliiarii medium domum perveni, maximam campanam ab uno latere sonantem audivi: proptera an cillam , quam per viam inveni, interrogavi, quis aegrotavit? Nescio inquit, nisi sit Dominus Godlye, qui heri mane aegrotans ex tempot exivit, et vesperas non habuimus. Cum iliam haec verba loquentem audivissem: statim incepi pro ilio (quem Pro ministro novi vitam multis execrabilibus peccatis Deum oravi et enormiis praeter haeresin involutam ~~ ~ degisse) quasi pro propria mea anima, anima mea Deum cum lachrimis, ut ipse Deus est testis propria. exorare: ut iam in ultimo vitae eius puncto cor contritum et paenitens, et Ecclesiam eius Catholic am atque Purgatorium confitens ilii concedere dignaretur, si Maiestati placet, ut in eo locum inveniens, tandem aliquando inde anima eius ad caelos ascenderet, atque volaret. Quod non solum orationibus, verum etiam praesens exhortationibus perficere, proposui: et igitur cum primo ex equo descendi et do mum fratris intravi, ilium statim rogavi, ut mecum ad Ministrum suum iret, probare enim libenter vellem, utrum aliquid boni cum eo agerem. Frater autem meus diversis me argumentis Uxor etiam sed praecipue duoust dissuadebat, ne ad eius 5. die ilium accederam: primum quippe erat Iunii incepit quidam morbus infectivus multis illo temp- aegrotare, ore in locis peragrans, qui fervens et calida tanto temfebris vocabatur: secundum quidem, quod pore aegrominister ipse ullum proximorum ad se tans quanto accedere non lib enter permitteret: Quon- maritus et 7. iam Mercator aliquando fuit, quo tempore die eiusdem tan tum damnum sustinuit ut omnia, quae mensis sepulhabuit, debitum absolvere non potuerunt. ta est: nullo> et si testimentumt composuisset, execu- modo tamen torem vel executricem constituisse oport- potuit ille uisset, et sic iniuriam. Uxori vel alicui morbus in fecalii amico suo excecutorit faceret: et tivus esse; proximos ilii ad testimentum t componen- tribus de dum persuasuros omnino dubitavit. causis : Admonitionem hanc a fratre accepi: et neuter illovisitation em, si tunc fieri potest, in crasti- rum, aliquem


46

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

num diem differre constitui; sed ina nocte ipse me decepit, quia ante diluculum morte migravit, et primo Iunii (ut testatur liber ecclesiasticus eiusdem loci) die sepultus est. Et sic pauper iste minister, qui mihi sepulturam ante negavit: decem dierum spatio post suum in me triumphum sepultus est ipse. Simile certe quippiam alteri etiam ministro non procul a nobis accidit, qui quandam mulierem admodum senem, pro fidei Catholicae etiam professione excommunicans, et verba multa, maligna et homine Christiano indigna adversus earn pronuncians, paulo post ipsmet a proprio suo templo pro nequitia erat ex communicatus et extra Ecclesiam protestantialem maledictus, atque templi sui ianua adversus Tertia tribu- illum sigillo consignata esset. Nunc ad latio mea tertiam venio tribulationem, quam pro pro fide Dei Ecclesia, et fide Catholica passus sum. catholica Postquam iam excommunicatus eram, incepit statim ius et lex communis contra me adversare atque procedere: et quod ad Sessiones vocatus non perveni, post quindecem menses (ut mos et consuetudo est) eram ego publice in Sessione Iustificorum exul proclamatus: ex quo tempore, pro singulo mense, quo ab Ecclesia haeretica postea aberam: Vigintast libras ad Regium fiscum solvere debui: Un de cum iam ex Anglia veni pro culpa hac, si sit culpa, debebam Reginae nostrae 3840 libras ad minimum decimo enim abhinc et tertio aut quarto anna in cepit adversus me lex communis adversare. Haec autem exilii mei proclamatio in quatuor sessionibus quater per annum in hunc usque diem semper est iterata. Quarta tri- Quarta denique tunc temporis erat, bulatio mea. cum Magna Hispanicae Classis adversus Angliam praeparatio primo nota taque public at a esset, Tum enim, die videlicet cinerum generosi fere omnes et praecipui Catholici ante Commissionarios convocati et sub ministrorum custodia commissi fuerunt. Inter quos, missus eram ego 18. vel 20 miliariis ad quendam ministrum senem,

calorem extraordinariam in aegritudine invenerunt: ut dictum est a. mulieribus, quae iliis aegrotantibus aderant 2, tres habuerunt parvos, filium unum et filias duas, quarum una e~ tempore mamillas matris sugebat: et nullus eorum vel servorum morbo laborabant. 3. Illi, qui isto morbo infectivo aegrotant 10. vel 20 dierum spatio, ilio laboraverunt intollerabili calore, antequam aut moriabanturt aut sanitatem recuperabant : et quanquam permulti cum ilio debilitati, perpauci tamen ex illo mortui sunt. Post excommunicationem meam


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

47

et doctum, olim sacerdotem, et nun- lex communquam coniugi in matrimonio coniunctum, is incepit Theologiae Bacalarium t trigin tis annis adversare existent em : in cuius custodia per an- mihi num integrum uno solo mense desiderante retentus eram: (ubi maximam inveni differentiam inter Domum diaboli Sub ministri ministrosque eius, et Domum Christi custodia com ac servos eius: tantam enim nequitiam missus eram, nunquam in una parva domo ante vidi, ubi retentus neque audivi nec inter Turcas peior exis- fere per timo potest inveniri:) et sub potestate annum. aliorum Commissionariorum severiorum et mihi ignotiorum, quorum primus saevissimus Eques, provincialis eo tempore Marshialus factus erat : ac tanta illi a superioribus Primatis authoritas concessa fuit, ut quemvis voluit ex nostris sine iudicio aut Iudice suspendere, vel aliqua alia morte mactare potuit, Ante istos ego et generosus alter nomine Guli. Britaine, qui sororem Domini Thomae Pounde in uxorem sibi accepit, et alteri Ministro a nobis quincque miliariis distanti commissus, persaepe vocati sumus. Nec tamen eorum authoritas, neque eorum minaciae me terrere potuerunt: quin fidem et Ecclesiam Catholicam adversus illos in questionibus difficillimis et mihi periculosissimis quantum maxime potui, semper defendi. ut erat questio de authoritate et superioritate S. Petri Apostoli supra omnium aliorum Apostolorum: ac inde Summi Pontificis, supra caeterorum omnium totius orbis terrarum Episcoporum authoritatem tantis argumentis, et tam praeclaris scripturarum documentis, tam manifeste probavi, ut neque isti neque minister ille doctus custos meus ad quem semper in disputationibus confugerunt, mihi respondere aut resist ere valuerunt: Non mihi, inquam, sed Domino Deo mea qui per et in me illis locutus est secundum promissionem eius, ubi dixit: Quotiescumque ante reges et praesides ducemini propter nomen meum sanctum non praecogitatis quid loquemini, quoniam non vos sed ego in vobis loquar. Cum autem Classis ista Hispanica permagna in conspectu Angliae apparere in cepit : tum, me ante illos iterum revocato, iusserunt me in cubiculo mea admodum parvo inclusurum fore, et nnulla t necessitate exiturum, at que ad me neminem perventurum Classi His(praeter servum illum custodis mei, qui panica in mihi necessaria deferret); donec pro me conspectu iterum remitterent. haec omnia implenda Angliae apme maxima obligatione obligaverunt: et paran te t ' in


48

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

sic quotidie magno gaudio et spirituali arctiorem consolatione mortem expectans, nunquam custodiam pedem quidem unum per octo septimanas commissus, extra cubiculi ianuam posui, nisi semel, mortem excum secundo pro me miserunt: quo pectavi. tempore omnino mihi mortem et crucem Periculum minabantur ; quam custos meus multo plus metuit, quam ego met ipse: sicut ::;~::eae. modus commissiorus, pro me missae testabatur: videlicet ut custos meus me cum omni celeritate (with all hast, hast, post hast that might be, ut verbis commisionis utar) ante Marshialem, Equites, et Comissionarios reliquos, qui me expectabant, conducere: ut ipsemet cum proprio sui ipsius periculo, ante Primarios Consulares rem responderet. Deinde locus ad quem conductus eram: scilicet ad magnum et planum campum, ubi ipsum Marshialem cum Equitibus, et Iustificis multis, et ingentem millitumt numerum, in Quadratum ordinem ordinatum et conglobatum, atque Hispanos prope mare expectantem invenimus. sed cum primo apparui et adventus meus iliis notus erat factus, exercitum statim reliquerunt et Custodem meum prae iliis vocaverunt, at que longe tempore de me consultaverunt; Sed tandem, vel quod socius meus Guliel. Britaine non adfuit: (ipse enim aut sine, aut cum Custodis sui venia uxorem invisum ivisset, quae ilio recte tempore marito suo puerum generaverat); vel quod custos meus meliora verba pro me et in bonae maet conversation is testimonio protulit, quam ego merere potui. aut quod omnium aliorum verisimillimum est, ego, propter peccata mea gravissima ad tam bonum et gloriosum, pro Dei et salvatoris mei Iesu Christi honore et Ecclesiae eius defentionet, fin em pervenire indignus eram: me tandem inquam in arctam iliam custodiam iterum comiseruntt. Postquam autem Classis Hispanica dispersa erat, maior libermaiorem libertatem sed sub eius custodia tas mihii usque sanctum festum Purificationis Beati- concessa est ssimae virginis semper permansi, mihi post dissoluconcederunt. et tandem aliquando libera- tionem Histus ab ilio in custodiam fratris constituerunt panicae Clasme : sed erat haec liberior custodia. sis. Quinta tribu-Quinta praeterea, ego authoritate penullatio mea. timi Parliamenti ad locum quidem certum (ut caeteri plerique praecipui Chatholici per totum Angliae regnum fuerunt) videlicet ad domum fratris, ne terminum quinqe miliariorum absque licentia conscripta, atque nominibus et sigiliis Episcopi dioecesis, duorumque eiusdem loci


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

49

Iustificorum consignata, sub paena maximorum damnorum atque periculorum, pertransirem, ligatus atque Sexta, et circumscriptus eram. Sexta et ultima eram (inter ultima tribu-caeteros Catholicos generaliter convocatos) ante Episcolatio pum et Commissionarios nostrorum partium mitiores, mihique notiores, at que familiariores, ad respondendum ad interrogata, saepenumero vocatus. Cum aliquando Episcopum ipsum inter disputationes in praesentia aliorum Commissionariorum et omnium astantium erubescere feci: atque ilium ea, esse vera, quae sibi religionique suae atque Ecc1esiae Protestantiali omnino contraria essent palam concedere, atque confiteri coegi. Questio inter nos enim erat: De sancta, de Catholica, et de vera Dei Ecc1esia quam Dominus Augustinus (in libro de Unitate Ecc1esiae) per Legem, per Prophetas, per Psalmos, per Actus Apostolorum, et per Evangelia atque per os proprium Domini nostri Iesu Christi, ilio tempore fuisse inceptam cum Spiritus Sanctus die Pentecostes super Apostolos primo descendit, et ab ilio die permansuram creturamque, usque ad saeculi consummationem manifestissime probavit, atque confirmavit. Hoc mihi verissimum et certissimum esse, sed cum rubore, concessit: neg are enim, non potuit; quoniam 'librum hunc aliquando legisse videbatur. sed si solum unum plus verbum ad illo interrogassem videlicet ubi Ecc1esia Protestantialis per centum vel ducentos annos ab hinc annos crevit? Cum non unus quidem Protestans in toto terrarum orbe inventus esse potuisset miror quid pauper senex et simplex Superintendens respondisset? Ilium certe a rub ore usque ad calorem vereor, et a calore usque ad iracundiam et adversus meipsum rancorem fortassis commovissem. Hoc tamen ab ilio interrogassem, nisi aliter praemonitus fuissem ab amico et piisimo Catholico. qui multa pro Ihoannis fide Catholic a et Dei amore sustinuisset, et Tulke [or : qui ultimus prae me ante ilium et alios Com- Talke] vocamissarios vocatus, (eramus enim quadra- batur, qui gintit vel plures in aula Palatii eius con- per multos vocati sed unus solus post alterum in annos in carinteriorem Palatii partem ante ilios per- cere Marshal. venire admittendus) rediens haec mihi multa perverba Locutus est: Ego in quit , familiari- tulit: quam ter ab illis et admodum amice usus sum, et ob causam. mitiora mihi verba dederunt: et sic Deus, morfaceruntt ut videtur, cum caeteris, qui ad tem eius et ilios nobis praecesserunt: et eodem modo uxoris eius tecum etiam agere volunt si bona illis etiam duodabis verba, et non nimis in disputationi- bus vel tribus


50

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

bus cum iliis contendes: ac ilio haec miraculis mihi loquente, venit pro me nuncius, et adornavit. vale mihi dixit. Haec ego, (dum interrogatio et verba ilia praedicta in ore mea erant) in mentem revocans, ac, praeterea considerans, quod multi pii et docti, imo aliqui iliorum Doctores mihi praecessissent, et bene ac amice cum illis actum fuisset; statim continui quare me familariter tractatum, ut caeteri, dimiserunt. Haec sunt quae mihi acciderint, et pauca ista, quae per Dei gratiam pro eius amore et fide Catholic a perpessus fuerim. Sed subtilis ilie serpens, antiquus humani generis hostis, circuens quem devoret, alium modum multo periculosiorem subiiciendi me sub eius potestate, quam erat persecutio, immo quam erat mors ipsa, optime novit. (si Deus meus Deus meus ipse per infinitam eius misericordiam, bonitatem, liberalitatem, atque charitatem, misertus mei non fuisset) ut sunt, tum vanitates ac divitiae huius despectabilis mundi cum desideria et delitiae superbientis carnis. His igitur alliciendo tentationibus multo, plures antiquus ilie noster inimicus post se trahit, quam illos persequendo: quem admodum per illud exemplum in Resolutionis libro conscriptum optime probatur: ubi dictum est, de vento et sole in peregrinum agitantibus. Quanto enim magis tempestatibus et procellis in peregrinum saevit ventus, tanto fortius ac tenatius pallium tenuit: at sol iucundis suis radiis ilium exuere se pallio coegit. Cum autem Historiam Iosephat et Barleum nuper perlegi, per illius temptationes meas palam manifestatas, plene perspicui: haec autem sola inter Iosephat et me erat differentia ilie omnes in iuventute sua vicit, sed ego in multis ad senectutem usque pro dolor victus atque prostratus. De fratri- Nunc autem de fratribus sororibus, atque cognatis haec bus sorori- sunt; quae dicenda habeo. 1. fratrem viventem bus ac pro- nullum habeo, frater enim meus quatuor abhinc annis pinquis mortuus est, et sine testimentot moriens omnia eius bona temporalia uxor eius accepit: cum qua decem et sex solum mensibus vixit. Sororem tantum unicam habeo vivelltem: quae in Anglia propter fidem Catholic am persecuta patriam propriam relinquens in has partes quindecem ab hinc annis ad recipiendum habitum religiosum mare transmiavitt: ac per medium anni inter moniales vixit. sed propter obtusum oculorum lumen quod ab infantia semper habuit, tandem reiecta est: et nunc cum coniugi in matrimonio coniuncta est: quorum uterque iam propter necessitatem coacti nobili faeminae Hungerford Lovani


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

51

inserviunt. Cognatos habeo etiam aliquos, filios videlicet fratris et sororis matris meae et eorum filios; sed eorum educatio in heresi est. alias autem habeo propinquas filias Avae meae fratris ac matris meae matris, et sunt praecipuae eae Catholicae. quae nomine vocantur Titchbornes: et frater iliarum iunior iam est in Collegio S. Adomari. De regulis De disciplina et regulis Collegii huius paucis dicam, huius Col- me summo opere et diligentia ilias adimplere paratissilegii obser- mum esse, ac si in iis me negligent em aliquando praebui, vandis. negligentias iam meas corrigere atque emendare maxime cupio. De proposi- Nunc ad propositum et desiderium meum agendi votum to agendi Ecclesiasticum et quid de eo semper sentii, et iam sentio votum Ecc- breviter declarare perveniam : et finem sic tandem paucis lesiasticum concludam. Propositum et desiderium ad votum religiosum peragendum per multos annos, ut ante aliquid tetigi, permagnum et ingens habui. et, ut de tempore praesenti loquar, nihil magis iam cupio, immo nihil certe aliud, dum hic vixero, desidero quam meipsum totum, et omnia, quae habeo Deo Omnipotenti creatori meo, redemptori meo, et sanctificatori mea sanctissimae et Trinitati indiviaet: ac totius vitae meam, et omnium annorum meorum quanquam brevissimorum reliquum, in sanctitate et iustitia coram ipso omnibus diebus meis venturis in statu religioso totaliter offerre atque vovare. Et nullam aliam ob causam (nisi ad obtinendum etiam beneficium huius peritert Sanctissimi anni Iubilei) reliqui Patriam, Patrimonium, amicosque omnes, praeter hanc maximam et solam. Et vestrae religionis videlicet sanctissimae Societatis Iesu ordinis omnibus quanquam sanctissimis, ut ante dixi, praetuli atque elegi. et in hoc proposito constanter permaneo, et in ilio, quoniam a Deo iliud ut spero mihi aspirando, accepi, semper permanebo, donec a vobis propter doctrinae meae mediocritatem (vel potius omnino nullam) propter meae memoriae, ingenii, prudentiae, intelligentiae, atque iudicii (quod tamen reliquorum si de me ipso aliquid dicere liceat) est donum praecipuum a Deo mihi datum) tenuitatem atque imbecillitatem: propter mearum inquam annorum multitudinem: (unde haec praedicta nunquam recuperanda sunt:) Ita donec inquam a vobis ut indignus recusabor. Aliter autem, id esse, sine conventu, consortia atque societate religiosi status, nunquam me semel quidem in mentem concepi sacerdotii voto et officio functurum quod me propter tanti muneris excelentiamt atque dignitatem, meamque indignitatem ad tantum officium perfungendum indignum semper existimavi:


52

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tutius est enim regi et gubernari quam regere, et alios gubernare. neque ausus sum ad sacerdotale votum accedere: nisi consilio superiorum, et per obedientiam, quam illis debeo. Quapropter peccatum iam abhorrescere incipiens, mundum relinquere desiderans, et meipsum, voluntatemque propriam abnegare cupiens, at que Dei salvatorisque mei voluntatem ex intimo corde adimplere, atque amplexare flagrans, meipsum igitur, et totius vitae meae cursum sub obedientia reverendissimi patris, huius Collegii rectoris, quasi Dei substituti, eius consilliot ad Dei mei honorem, et cult urn maxime dirigendum, referro, committo, atque commendo. Laus Deo Deiparaeque Virgini Amen. SUMMARY

[354J CHADERTON Henry, 45 or 46, born in a castle near Portsmouth, Hants, which was built by his father at Henry VIII's expense, and which is called at Court Chaderton Castle, but is popularly known as Southsea Castle. (The respondent's father was the first Governor of Portsmouth. Since that time the Governors have all been knights, like Sir Adrian Poynings; or Barons, like Lord Chideock Paulet, or the present governor, Lord Mountjoy; or Earls, like Henry Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex. The respondent's father was born in a house called Chaderton Hale, in Lancashire, and in his lifetime entertained two Kings, Henry VIII and Edward VI ; he married a lady of the Tichborne family of Hampshire.) Lost his father when 2, in Mary's reign; was educated in various places until 6 or 7, mainly with his mother's stepmother in Southampton, while his two elder brothers, one younger brother, and only sister remained with their mother. Recalled to his mother's house, he found her married to a noble youth who lived with her eight years. (For 4 years this man suffered from consumption, and would live in London for whole years at a time with 4 or 5 servants, consulting 3 or 4 doctors daily, and consuming nine-tenths of his wife's inheritance from her former husband.) Was educated negligently: had a hired tutor in his mother's house for 1 year, but no tuition at all for 2 years. (The stepfather died when the respondent was 13, leaving enough money to provide moderate hospitality.) Was sent shortly afterwards by his mother, with 2 younger brothers, to school in Sussex, where she now lived; learnt rudiments, the rules of English concordance, Cato and part of Terence, and began the study of Latin. After two years was summoned by his brother, who, having studied in the Hall of the students of Common Law, was now married to a widow. Was to have taken service with the Earl of Southampton; but this project failed for lack of room, since the Earl's mother was occupying his larger house and rebuilding his other one. Was therefore placed with a knight who held office in the royal court; served gratis for a year; on returning to his mother spent his time


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

53

until 22 in hunting, falconry, dicing and card-playing. (The eldest brother died before the respondent was 20; his inheritance passed to the second brother after 2 or 3 years costly litigation with the deceased's wife, who had made her husband sell much property in the North and the South to enrich her children by her first marriage.) When the respondent was about 21, John Pounde, a priest, godchild of the respondent's father, came to his mother's house and examined the respondent and his mother and sister, in the absence of his brothers. He discovered that they were not heretics but schismatics, since they gave Catholic answers to his questions, though they were not prepared to worship God in the correct way. He told them that he had an excellent but expensive book, Dr. Bristow's Motives. The respondent replied that the price was immaterial, and bought the book. By reading it constantly he became convinced of the truth of Catholicism, and ready to argue with any heretic; but not yet prepared to become a Catholic. A year later the respondent with his younger brother, on his way to put out at interest ÂŁ100 given him by his mother, was warmly entertained at the house of John Pounde's mother. John himself was absent, but his brother Thomas-now in the Tower-tried in vain, while at supper, to convert his mother to Catholicism. She left the table in annoyance (and in fact remained unconverted until her death) whereupon Thomas turned his attention to the two guests. The respondent said that he knew that redemption was not to be found outside the Catholic faith. "Why do you not accept it then?" asked Thomas, and received no reply. "You think that you will spend your youth in pleasure, and serve God in your old age. But suppose that a tree or a rock falls on you in the road or some other sudden death overtakes you, what will happen? You will go to hell on the instant." The respondent, converted, replied that he desired nothing more than to become a member of the Catholic Church. "Take counsel of your pilloW" said Thomas. Next morning, since the respondent's mind was unchanged, Thomas gave him a prayerbook while he wrote letters with which he sent him to the house of the Catholic widow of Sir Thomas Guildford. There the respondent was reconciled by Mr. Stevens or Stevenson, the former secretary of Bishop Jewell of Salisbury. He was advised by him to take service with some noble Catholic, in view of the difficulties concerning fasting etc. consequent on living among heretics. While the respondent was performing his penance in his chamber, the priest discussed the matter with Lady Guildford, who offered the choice of taking service with her brother, William Shelley, or her own son, who was 12 and needed a tutor, or with herself, or with Viscount Montague. The respondent thanked her and said that he would await the advice of Thomas Pounde and other friends; but, for himself, he would rather serve herself than any other on account of her kindness. This happened about a month before Christmas; Thomas Pounde told the respondent to return to him about the feast of St. Thomas E


54

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

the Apostle so that they could spend Christmas together in a Catholic household. When they were mounting their horses, Thomas said "We are going among friends of mine, who do not know who you are: when they ask me, I shall say that you are my son". Ever afterwards, the respondent called Thomas his father, since indeed he had begotten him to God. On the return journey after Epiphany Thomas was arrested by the Bi<;hop of Winchester, and imprisoned in Winchester goal. After great difficulties, the respondent was able to visit him, and told him that he had had a vision concerning him, which had given him a respect for him similar to that which St. Monica had for St. Ambrose, and a determination to accept his advice as though coming from an angel or saint. He was advised by Thomas to go to London immediately, taking what money he had, and to seek out Mr. Allen, a priest and cousin to the Cardinal, who was due to set out for Rome 5 days later. He resolved to carry out this advice, and lay awake all night at his inn thinking of the journey. At the third hour he rose to set out, but within an hour letters arrived from Thomas saying that, on consideration, there was not sufficient time to prepare for the journey and to take leave of his mother and friends; instead he had better return to Lady Guildford and serve her without salary or terms; no doubt it would be possible to find an equally good opportunity to send him to Rome before Easter. But the good opportunity has never come until now. The respondent served Lady Guildford for 2 years gratis until her remarriage; then he served her husband for one year, with satisfaction on both sides. She always kept an aged priest at home, and her husband kept 2 priests, and 40 or 50 servants, including 12 or 14 gentlemen, in his house or rather palace. At the end of the third year the Chancellor or Ordinary of Chichester, who had obtained his place by simony, began to persecute the Catholics of Sussex in order to recoup with interest the money which he had spent in obtaining office. When his officials were sent on tour, the senior domestic chaplain told the respondent that his master was willing for him to remain in the house if he would conform or remain a Catholic at his own risk. Otherwise he could have leave to depart, since he, the master, had to look after himself and his wife and children and could not afford to help others. The respondent replied that he would rather die than go to heretical churches, and that if he could not stay without danger he would find some other place in England or abroad. He was therefore given permission to leave, and recovered ÂŁ100 which he had lent to Lady Guildford during her widowhood; 5 days later he took leave and went to live with his two unmarried brothers who lived together (one older than himself and one younger). His mother had died a year earlier, having left her money to the three brothers: she had offered the respondent half her possessions if he would lead a secular life, but he refused and tried to resign even his normal share in the inheritance. She had been reconciled


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

55

to the Church 10 or 11 months before she died, at the respondent's persuasion. This showed that Thomas Pounde had been rightly inspired in advising him not to leave for Rome. After some days with his brothers the respondent took some money to London with him, and found Thomas Pounde in the Marshalsea. He was accompanied by his sister, who had long sought his help in being reconciled, saying "What doth it profit ?" etc. They hired rooms in the house of a pious Catholic woman who was frequently visited by Jesuits: these reconciled the respondent's sister. In the same house there lived the future martyr, Mr. Payne the priest. After his sister's reconciliation, the respondent, on Pounde's advice, crossed to Douai, leaving his sister with the aforesaid matron. On arrival at Douai, he sought the advice of the Jesuits, for he had been brought to admire the Society by the conversation of a Marian priest who, after conforming and repenting, had lived with Jesuits overseas. The fathers told him that he could not enter their College except as a lay-brother, since he had not studied letters; he replied that rather than desert their company he would prefer to be the meanest of their servants. But they advised him, since he had money of his own, to begin to study. Though bearded and 26, he began rudiments with schoolboys aged 7 to 12, to the great admiration of the townsfolk. Once, when he was a guest at the table of Dr. White, a kinsman of his host's Flemish wife told him that there was great hope of the conversion of England when bearded men went to school with 8-year olds-not knowing that the respondent was the man in question. The respondent despaired of ever learning Latin, because his tutor was a Frenchman and he himself knew no French; but he was comforted by Dr. Bristow, who said that it would be very difficult for the first three years, but after that would be a very great blessing; quoting the case of a man who did not begin letters until he was almost 40, but who in 14 years became a great Doctor. Bristow advised the respondent not to ruin his health with too much study: would that he had followed his own advice! A poor Englishman who was then in Rhetoric or Logic, seeing the respondent going to school with such small boys, said "I would rather follow the plough at home every day of my life than do that". These words were reported to the respondent by a friend in the same class as the speaker; the respondent, praying in his room, thought of Mt. 18, 3 and broke into tears of joy. He found the affection of these children, and their devotion at morning and evening prayers, a great consolation. The sneerer shortly afterwards fell sick and had a vision of the devil; but he was cured by a vision of our Lady and the Saints, as can be attested by Fr. Thomas Conyers, who was in the same school at the same time, and kept watch with him that night. In three years at Douai, the respondent completed Rudiments, First Part, Syntax and Poetry; he then studied rhetoric for half a year, but was forced to interrupt his work through the machinations


56

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

of the devil. Letters arrived from England announcing that his elder brother had died of plague and that his younger brother had fled, none knew whither, for fear of infection. The Jesuits debated for a week whether to let the respondent cross to England; for many people left them promising to return and never came back. Then a further letter arrived from Paris announcing the death of both brothers; so the respondent left-fully intending to return as soon as possible-in order to take over the inheritance of the elder brother and the possessions of both. On arriving in England he found his younger brother still alive; so he refused to touch the possessions of either, and accepted only six months' revenue from his inheritance, which was worth ÂŁ40 a year. He made an agreement to hand over the inheritance to his younger brother. His own posessions, which would last his own lifetime only, were worth ÂŁ24. This was the beginning of the respondent's tribulations. His first tribulation was caused by one of the Queen's officers, who had leased a large and beautiful house from him, and who was annoyed because he could not gain possession of a conveniently situated farm. This man wrote a letter to the Privy Counc~l saying that a young gentleman had recently returned to England from foreign parts, and had sold his patrimony and handed it over to his brother with the intention of returning abroad. A Pursuivant was at once sent with authority to arrest the respondent wherever he might be found. With 2 Justices and 10 other men, he took the respondent into custody in his brother's house early one morning, while the brother was absent. The respondent was at first frightened by the appearance of the pursuivant with his insignia and his salutation "The Queen greeteth you"; but was consoled by the thought that he was innocent of any crime against his Queen or country, and that he was suffering in God's cause. The pursuivant, going beyond his commission, searched the house for books or other property brought from abroad, but found only certain bonds for ÂŁ300 belonging to the respondent, which the Justices kept until they were returned to him on his release by the Privy Council. The respondent was kept under strict surveillance, and was not allowed to leave the room without two or three in attendance. Next the respondent was taken to nearby Chichester, where he was well known. On the way, reining in his horse in a broad field, and seeing himself surrounded, like a nobleman, with thirteen horsemen, he was cheered by the resemblance to the band which led Christ to Pilate. From Chichester he was taken to London in the custody of the same Pursuivant, and was detained for 50 days, having to pay 6s. 8d. per day. Each day, unless the Council ordered otherwise, they attended the Court and the Council Chamber. At length, the Governor of the Marshalsea was summoned, and a nobleman was given power by the rest of the Council to commit the respondent to him. But a friend of the respondent, who served the Treasurer at Court, persuaded this nobleman to leave him in the


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

57

Pursuivant's charge. At length he was released on payment of ÂŁ5, himself and his brother having to give sureties of ÂŁ500 that he would remain in his brother's house, that he would bear himself well towards the Queen, that he would present himself to the Privy Council within 20 days if summoned, and that he would not leave the country without special licence from the Queen. This obligation still binds. While in his brother's house, the respondent devoted himself to study and devotion. Each morning, unless-as often-prevented, he spent an hour and a half in prayer and meditation, and two hours in reading the Scriptures or good books, especially the works of St. Augustine, which he possessed complete except for the 6th volume. After luncheon he spent three hours in reading or writing, and one in praying, plus a further half hour after supper. (There was an excellent clock in the house.) He made an English translation of St. Augustine's De Unitate Ecclesiae which, on leaving England, he sent to his kinsman Ralph Bickley at Wisbech for correction. He also wrote a small book on Purgatory, drawn from the Bible and St. Augustine. On Sundays he spent four hours in the morning in prayer and meditation on the Epistle and Gospel of the day, the Breviary lessons and the life of the Saint, if one occurred, and the appropriate sermon of St. Augustine. Each day he recited the Office of our Lady, not omitting it thrice in a year unless prevented. All these exercises left his health unimpaired; but they were often impeded by various necessities, and especially by visits from heretical friends. On weekdays as well as on Sundays and feasts many neighbouring yeomen used to come to play games; and two neighbouring gentry, one a Puritan Justice, the other a Protestant, exchanged visits almost daily with the respondent and his brother. Many other distinguished neighbours were most friendly and charitable. A further distraction was the large number of greyhounds, hounds, spaniels and hawks which the respondent's brother possessed; one falcon was a great favourite of the respondent, and used to live on and from his hand: it made friends for him of all the leading local gentry. The respondent's second tribulation was caused by the minister of the parish, Thomas Godley, his only enemy, with whom he often argued about religion, and against whom he had written the aforementioned tract on Purgatory. This arose out of a dispute which began in the presence of many neighbours whom the respondent's brother had invited to supper on All Saint's Day, after the respondent had been reciting vespers for the dead. Godley had the respondent presented before the Ordinary; fearing excommunication the respondent fled to London, where he found Thomas Pounde living in a beautiful house with his mother. He told Pounde that he would prefer to serve the Countess of Arundel than to risk excommunication; Pounde replied that this was dangerous, since Lady Arundel had many evil servants as well as good ones. The respondent


58

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

was persuaded instead to live with Pounde, and stayed with him from the beginning of December until the 2nd of May, sharing his table and bed. He then went to visit his brother, leaving behind a copy of his book on Purgatory which he had just rewritten. (He was advised by Pounde to revise the first part of this book before giving it to Godley, and to omit the second part, which consisted of animadversions against the morals of Godley's clerical friends.) On arrival at his brother's, the respondent was warmly greeted by Godley. This however was hypocrisy, for within three weeks Godley had secretly procured an excommunication-illegally, since no one can be presented for excommunication before he has stayed in one place for a month. The minister read the excommunication triumphantly in his church, and said that if the respondent died while he was parson, he would not allow him to be buried either in the church or in the cemetery. When this news was brought to the respondent by his brother returning from church, he replied; "There was no need for him to do that, since I had decided never to enter the church while he was minister" . While they were at luncheon, one of his brother's servants said open-mouthed: "Mr. Henry, you have been anathematized and cursed out of the Church by our minister!" "Not so" replied the respondent: "out of your Church perhaps, but not out of the Catholic Church. His curse, I hope, is God's blessing, since the cause is not mine but God's; but if it is a curse, I fear it will return on his own home and head; and I will give you sixpence if you will carry this answer to your minister". But the servant refused the money. On the following Sunday, in the same church, at the same time and in the same place as he had pronounced the excommunication (viz. where he used to read the Gospel facing the people), Godley fell sick. After reading the Gospel he was overheard to tell his maidservant to prepare his bed; from which he never rose alive. The respondent, when excommunicated, had been engaged in rewriting his book on Purgatory. Two days later he rode to tell some friends about his excommunication. Returning at sunset the following Monday, when about half a mile from home, he heard the great bell sounding, and enquired who was ill; he was told by a maidservant that it was probably Godley, since he had gone out of church the day before and there had been no evensong. The respondent began to pray that Godley, after all his sins, might be converted and confess Purgatory, so that he might find a place there. He desired also to talk to him, but when he asked his brother to accompany him, he was dissuaded for two reasons. The first was that there was an infectious disease present, called a fervent and warm fever. The second was that Godley did not wish any of his neighbours to come to him for fear they might try to persuade him to make a will: for he had once been a merchant and had been unable to pay his debts, so that if he were to make a will and appoint an executor he would merely injure him. The respondent postponed his visit until the


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

59

following day; but early next morning Godley died and was buried on the first of June. His wife too died, and was buried on the seventh of June. And so he was punished. (The respondent gives reasons why the deaths cannot have been due to the epidemic, and tells a similar story of another minister who was excommunicated himself a short time after having excommunicated an old Catholic woman.) The respondent's third tribulation consisted in the Common Law proceedings against him. Because he did not appear at the Sessions, he was proclaimed an exile after 15 months. Ever since then he has been ' due to pay ÂŁ20 to the Treasury for every month of absence from church; so that when he left England, 13 or 14 years later, he owed the Queen ÂŁ3480. The proclamation of his banishment has been repeated 4 times a year in the Quarter Sessions until the present. The fourth tribulation occurred at the time when the preparations of the Spanish fleet against England became known. On Ash Wednesday all the gentry and principal Catholics were called before Commissioners and handed over to the custody of parsons. The respondent was sent 18 or 20 miles to an old and learned parson, once a priest and still celibate, a B.D. of 30 years standing. He remained in custody in this man's house (where more than Turkish wickedness was practised) for 11 months, under the orders of stricter Commissioners who were personally unknown to him. (The chief of these was a fierce knight, who was then Sheriff of the County, who had power from the Council to hang without trial any of those in his charge). The respondent, along with William Brittaine, the brother-in-law of Thomas Pounde, who had been committed to another parson 5 miles away, was frequently called before these Commissioners; he defended the Catholic faith before them intrepidly, arguing about the Primacy of St. Peter and the Pope with such force and clarity that neither they nor the learned minister in charge of him could ever resist him, or rather God who spoke through him in accordance with Lk. 12, 11. When the Armada came in sight of England, he was again summoned, and commanded to be kept in a small locked room. He was allowed to see nobody except his custodian's servant until he was sent for again. E xpecting death every day, he stayed joyfully for 8 weeks without setting foot outside his door. Word was then sent that his cutodian was to present him before the Commissioners "with all haste, haste, post haste that might be", or suffer the consequences. This message frightened the parson and convinced the respondent that his death was planned; as did also the place to which he was taken, a large field where the Sheriff and Knights and many Justices, with a huge square of soldiers, were drawn up awaiting the Spaniards beside the sea. When the Commissioners were told of the respondent's arrival, they left the troops, called the parson, and had a long discussion; after which they returned the respondent to custody, either because William Brittaine was not present (with or without


60

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

his custodian's permission he had gone to visit his wife who had just had a baby), or because the parson had spoken favourably of him, or simply because he was too sinful to deserve martyrdom. After the dispersion of the Spanish fleet he was given greater liberty, but kept in custody until the feast of the Purification, when he was freed and given into the charge of his brother. The respondent's fifth tribulation consisted in being confined to his brother's house, by the authority of the penultimate Parliament, and forbidden to go more than five miles from it without written licence signed and sealed by the Bishop and two Justices. Almost all the leading Catholics in England were similarly confined. His sixth tribulation consisted in being frequently summoned, along with other Catholics, for questioning by the Bishop and the local Commissioners. These Commissioners, being personal friends of the respondent's, were fairly kind-hearted. The respondent once embarrassed the Bishop in front of the other Commissioners, by forcing him to admit as true propositions which were contrary to the Protestant Church. They discussed Augustine's description of the church (in De Unitate Ecclesiae) as beginning at Pentecost and growing until the end of the world; a description which the Bishop could not reject, since he had read the book. The respondent was about to ask "where did the Protestant Church grow one or two hundred years ago"-he gloats over the confusion and rage which he expected this question to cause-but he was warned against this by a pious Catholic friend (John Tulke, who had been several years in the Marshalsea, and whose death, like his wife's, was adorned by miracles). Tulke had been interviewed immediately before the respondent: there were about 40 Catholics in the hall of the Palace, who were summoned one by one into the interior. "I spoke to them in a friendly manner, and was kindly received and gently spoken to" he said, "They did the same with the others who went in before us, and they will treat you likewise if you speak them fair and avoid disputation". The respondent took this advice, and was dismissed in a friendly manner. After these sufferings, the respondent was tempted by the devil in a different manner, by means of the vanities and riches of the world and the desires and delights of the flesh. It was similar to the fable of the wind and the sun and the traveller in the Book of Resolution, or the temptations of J osaphat as recorded in the book of Josaphat and Barlaam. The respondent's sole surviving brother died 4 years ago, intestate, so that all his property went to the wife with whom he had lived only 16 months. He has one sister alive, who crossed the seas 15 years ago, after being persecuted in England. She took the religious habit, but after 6 months with the nuns she was forced to leave through bad eyesight. She is now married, and she and her husband serve Lady Hungerford at Louvain. The respondent has heretical first cousins on his mother's side,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

61

and Catholic female second cousins named Tichborne, whose younger brother is at the college of St. Omers. He desires to observe the College discipline and if he has been negligent will try to reform. For many years he has desired to be a religious, and has chosen the Society of Jesus as the most holy of all orders. For this reason alone, and also to gain the Jubilee, he left England; and he will remain firm in this intent unless he is found unworthy because ofthe paucity of his learning, the weakness of his memory and judgement, and the number of his years. He does not wish to become a priest unless he can be a religious, for he would rather obey than command and he woula not dare to be ordained except under obedience. December 1st 1599, aetatis 46 or 47. [355]

ALEXANDER BRADSHAWE

Anno 1599 Decembris nono 1. Nomen est Alexander Bradsha. natus fui in villa prope Vigorniam quae vulgo appellatur (Hardwickes Courte) Decimo octavo die Martii anno Domini 1572. Sum igitur annorum 27. Instructus fui a teneris unguiculis, usque ad annos 16. in scola publica collegii Vigorniensis per Henricum octavum Angliae regem fundata, circiter 17 vel 18 annos ni fallor missus fui ad academiam Cantabrigiae et ibi in collegio Christi per spatium trium annorum mansi, otiose admodum et turpiter flore iuventutis et preciosissimo tempore abutens, inde libertatis causa de mea spontanea voluntate Londinum me contuli, quare secunda cogitatione peroptime visum est gubernatoribus meis, ad Oxonium me transportare, et in collegio Sancti Johannis solo D. Willessi praesulis consilio, collocatus fui. sed ego proh dolor impie me gessi, beneficia illa infinita et dona caelestia in contumeliam verti denique Reliquam partem vitae a malo ad peius partim in interiore templo (London) partim in domo nobilissimi D. Thomae Burgh Baronis de Gainsburgh inutiliter consumpsi. Ingens hic se aperiret curriculum orationi huic, si vellem earn per ingentem anteactae vitae campum laxatis quasi habenis immittere. 2. Quod ad parentes attinet paucis addam, ne fortasse vana me complacentia aut inanis gloria titillare videretur. Pater fuit dum vixit magister artium quem lancastria genuit scolae publicae vigorniensis archididascalus etcetera Mater filia (Goothlake Edwardes) armigeri etcetera habeo unum fratrem natu maiorem, duas sorores bene nuptas, et consanguineos multos sed haereseon pravitatibus caecatos: ah quid dixi me habere immo habui nunc habeam necne incertum est. 3. Maxima pars studii consumpta fuit in poetarum libris tam Graecis quam latinis. 4. nulla me tenet corporis aegritudo, idcirco curandum est, ut sit mens sana in corpore sano. 5. non possum non confiteri antiquam praeteritae vitae obstina-


62

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ciam, hei mihi nimis diu mansi in ilia pertinacia et perversa hereticorum opinione. in posterum Deo optimo maximo valente meliora praestare conabor. ut verum fatear liber iste Anglicanus contra (Charke et Hanmer) primo fraudem et fucatam hereticorum fidem et occultam Dissimulationem mihi manifestavit et quasi Baculo Demonstravit. 6. pro cuI 0 pro cuI absit ut in re tam seria simulata quadam Sanctitate utar, in summa igitur ardens est mihi Desiderium ecclesiasticae vitae amplectendae, ad quam digne obtinendam Reliquam vitae partem diligenter et summopere consumam, et me totum superiorum huius collegii beneplacitis submitto. SUMMARY

[355J BRADSHAWE Alexander, born 18.3.1572 at Hardwicke's Court, near Worcester, educated until 16 at the public school at Worcester; when 17 or 18 went to Cambridge and wasted 3 years at Christ's College; went to London of his own choice in order to be free; was sent to Oxford and placed at St. John's on the advice of Mr. Willis, the President; misbehaved; lived later in the Inner Temple and in the house of Thomas Burgh, Baron Gainsborough, where he went from bad to worse. (The respondent's father, a native of Lancashire, and M.A., was headmaster of the public school at Worcester until his death; the respondent's mother was a daughter of Goothlake Edwards Esq.) Has one elder brother, two sisters well married, and many heretical kinsfolk. Has studied mainly Greek and Latin poets. Healthy. A heretic until disabused by the English book against Charke and Hanmer. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 9 December 1599. '[356]

[ No responsa extantJ

1600 '[357J 1. Nomen meum est Thomas Newman alias Evered et notus sum indifferenter per utraque haec nomina. aetatis sum ut arbitror tri.ginta et unius annorum. Natus sum in Civitate Sarum in Comitatu Wiltes in Anglia. educatus in eadem Civitate, et apud oppidum vocatum Meere intra eundem Comitatum, Wiltes donec Oxoniam profectus sum. 2. Quod ad parentes attinet : Pater meus Civis est Sarum habitus inter praecipuos eiusdem Civitatis. mater mea moriebatur duos abhinc annos, a quo tempore pater distribuit omnes suas fortunas et possessiones liberis suis apud quos vivit subinde mutans loca ad voluntatem suam. Nullum habeo fratrem sororem aut cognatum praecipuum Catholicum aut Hereticum. Pater autem et tertius irater credunt Catholicam fidem tamen eandem non profitentur. 3. Studui Artes Oxoniae tres annos et dimidium ubi licet indigne


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

63

fui creatus baccolariust artis. Postea Londini dedi operam studio legum Angliae Quatuor annos, in Medio Templo. 4. Mens mihi sana in corpore sano. bis in vitae curriculo febre laboravi semel in magno vitae discrimine fui per eundum morbum. 5. Schismaticus fui, quanquam in opinione Catholicus usque a pueritia factus fui Catholicus ope reverendi et doctissimi sacerdotis qui ab his oris venit in Angliam. Nihil pas')us sum nisi quae detrimenta mihi accidere possunt studia legum relinquendo: aut odio nonnullorum propinquorum. factus fui Catholicus mense Iunii , ultimo. Prima quae me movebant ad credendum fidem Catholicam fuere decem rationes doctic;simi patris Campiani quas habui annex as Respon'3ioni cuiusdam Whittakeri tum cum adhuc essem scolasticus in scola grammatica. neque quisquam mihi persuadere potuit easdem rationes fuisse sufficienter responsas. postea confirmatus fui lectione aliquorum catholicorum librorum et dictis et exemplis quorundam catholicorum. principalis autem causa quod tandem quaesivi modum adiungendi me eccle'3iae Catholicae fuit familiaris meus Mr Johannes Sweete qui intimavit mihi se fuisse Catholicum et monstravit mihi quibus mediis usus esett: paulo post matura habita deliberatione ibam ad eundem patrem, qui post tertium aut quartum congressum me fecit membrum ecc1esiae Catholicae. 6. Ardenter cupio ecclesiasticam agere vitam. tt SUMMARY

[357J NEWMAN Thomas alias Evered, c. 31, born at Salisbury, Wilts, brought up there and at Meere in the same county until his departure for Oxford. (His father is one of the principal citizens of Salisbury; his mother died two years ago, and since then the father has distributed all his possessions to his children, and lives with each of them in turn, believing but not practising the Catholic faith.) Has at least 3 brothers, the third of whom is a non-practising Catholic; has no distinguished kinsmen, Catholic or heretical. Studied arts at Oxford 3 years; B.A.; studied Law 4 years in the Middle Temple. Healthy; twice suffered from fevers, once with danger of death. Was a schismatic until reconciled, after 3 or 4 meetings, by a learned priest from overseas, last June; was first moved to believe in Catholicism by reading the Ten Reasons, with Whittaker's reply, while a scholar in the grammar school; was finally persuaded to join the Church by his friend Mr. John Sweet. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [358]

EDUARDUS COTTINGTONUS :

Anni Domini 1600 mense Ianuarii : 1. Nomen mihi verum, proprium, est Eduardus, commune, Cottingtonus. annum autem aetatis meae decimum nonum, iuxta festivitatem annuntiationis Beatae Mariae Virgin is proxime in-


64

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

sequentem si vixero sum acturus. in comitatu somersettensi non ita longe ab oppido Wellensi partibus Wiltoniae confinibus ortum primum habui. educatio vero mea huiusmodi fuit. imprimis in domut paterna per annos fere quinque a sene quodam ludimagistro olim Oxoniensi prima literarum rudiment a sumpsi, qui me e suis manibus ad scholam Wigorniensem demisit, ubi per quatuor annoe; integros in studio Grammaticae poesis et Rhetoricae parum etiam linguae grecae laboravi: illinc autem ad Oxoniensem academiam perveni immediate ibique in collegio sanctae et individuae trinitatis societati domus haud incorporatus sed convict or tantum, dialecticae et philosophiae per quatuor fere annos studui, et haec tan tum de mea in literis educatione. 2. Parentes mei adhuc ambo viventes condicionis quidem sunt haud ignobilis item que satis divites, ambo vero cum tribus fratribus (quibus omnibus ego iunior sum) et unica sorore viro generoso et haeredi nuper nupta. simul omnes haeretici. a patre duos habeo patruos eosdemque haereticos quorum unus secularis est et reditus satis amplos habet: alter autem divinitatis doctor canon ecclesiae Wellensis et in alio loco archideaconus arnplos quidem ecclesiasticos reditus sibi accumulavit : et episcopi Glocestrensis filiam in matrimonium sibi duxit. a matre vero unicum avunculum habeo olim catholicum sed in hac novissima catholicorum persecutione nuper lapsus et templum adire coactus adhuc eius uxore cum tribus filiabus et unico nato fortiter in relligione catholica persistente. 3. quod attinet ad mea studia, qualia fuerent et quisnam eorum fuerit locus in educatione mea patefacienda supra tot aliter explicavi. sed quales et quantos in iis omnibus progressus fecerim experientia posthinc fortasse docebit interim hoc dico me in studiis Grammaticalibus haud omnino supinum et otiosum fuisse, insuper etiam et totam philosophiam Aristotelicam (excepta Metaphysica) cum diversis commentariis semel festinanter et confuse perlegisse. 4. Corporis animique firmissima valetudine sine aliquo defectu vel infirmitate fruor, nullamque corporis aegritudinem unquam adhuc relatu dignum sensi nec aliquam animae praeter haeresim et schisma quibus per totam fere vitam anteactam infestabar maxime sed de his quandiu et quomodo iis tenebar in sequenti. 5. Cum parentes et arnicos pene omnes haereticos habuerim ego etiam tanquam ex consequenti totam vitam haeretico more transegi quod quidem non tam haeresis dici potuit quam, error, ignorantia veritatis, et institutionis rectae indigentia nam cum primum de relligione quid esset consider are coepi (quod antea prae teneritate iudicii cum adhuc essem parvulus facere non potui) cum primum (inquam) iudicii maturioris esse coepi de relligione protestantium pura dubitare coepi paulisper adhuc tamen de relligione catholica ne somniavi quidem utpote in quam opprobria multa passim ab omnibus coniecta saepius audivissem multosque libros in illam conscriptos legissem, (inter quos quoddam Foxi martyriologium maxi-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

65

mum mihi scandalum dedit) item que passim in concionibus illam ita condemnari quotidie audivissem, quae mihi catholicam relligionem quamvis earn ignorarem invisam fecere. cum itaque quodam tempore a Gulielmo Webbo (qui tum '3cholaris eiusdem collegii in Oxonia fuit) in communem collegii bibliothecam ductus fui, statim accidit ut ad tria vol urn ina P: Bellarmini venirem: in quibus quod omnium primum inspexi fuit tractatus de purgatorio. ut vero mihi animus rebus huiusmodi peregrinis et novis semper inhiare solebat et saepius hoc tanquam aliquod ridiculum in papistas exprobratum audivissem, statui mecum, hic iam videre qualisnam iste locus esset et quomodo a papist is defendi posset: postquam autem tractatum illum perlegissem et loca multa scripturae patrumque te'3timonia in assertionem purgatorii citatam vidissem, coepi cogitare catholicos ali quam pro sua relligione probabilitatem habere, unde postea libros istos saepius inspicere desiderabam et in iis multa postea legi et in aliis etiam libris a catholicis scriptis legendis et pervolvendis multus fui donec tandem mihi animus ab haeresi paulatim declinare et in catholicam relligionem vergere coepit ad quod etiam crebra cum supradicto Gulielmo alioque quodam iuvene in eodem etiam collegio degente colloquia multum conducebant, un de reiecta haeretica opinione catholice quidem sentiebam sed non sine quadam dubitatione et anxietate. donec tandem hoc modo me vacillantem et fluctuantem in veram fidem asseruit sacerdos quidam qui huius etiam consilii, parentes nimirum et patriam relinquendi, et Romam studio rum causa me conferendi mihi fuit author. inde paulo postea summo mane priusquam lucesceret a paterno domut me clanculum surripui cum sacerdote praedicto in loco constituto conventurus ibique reconciliatus et statim cum pecunia quam ille simul cum quodam cognato mea corraserant imprimis ad Londinum inde vero ad Caletum sine aliquo periCUlo per mare delatus fui. 6. lam cum Romam pervenerim et auxilio dei primum ex haeresi deinde ex omnibus malis et periculis terra marique mihi imminentibus ereptus et in hunc locum in studio literarum et dei servitio quasi dicatum salvus delatus sim, mihi iam deo volente eandem quam omnes in hoc collegio studiorum ration em inire certum est et eodem modo progredi donec officio sacerdotis ad laudem et honorem dei patriae que commodum fungi possim. tt Deo gratias EDUARDUS COTTINGTONUS. SUMMARY

[358J COTTlNGTON Edward, 19 next Lady Day, born of middle class heretical parents near Wells in Somerset on the border of Wiltshire, was taught rudiments at home by an aged Oxford graduate schoolmaster, then learnt grammar, poetry, rhetoric, and part of Greek at Worcester school; studied dialectic and philosophy for four years as a commoner at Trinity College Oxford. (Both parents are still alive.) Has 3 brothers and 1 sister, recently married


66

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

to a gentleman with great expectations; all heretics. Has 2 heretical uncles on his father's side: one a rich layman, the other a D .D., canon of Wells and archdeacon, who has married the daughter of the Bishop of Gloucester. Has one uncle on his mother's side who has apostatized during the recent persecution and who goes to church although his wife and his one son and 3 daughters remain firm. Studied grammar industriously; has read, hurriedly and confusedly, the whole of Aristotle's philosophy except the Metaphysics, along with various commentaries. Healthy. Lived in heresy, or rather ignorance, until he was mature enough to doubt the truth of Protestantism; did not dream of becoming a Catholic because he had heard many stories and sermons against it and had read Foxe's martyrology. Was once taken by William Webb, then a scholar of Trinity, into the College library; there saw the three volumes of Bellarmine and read the tract on Purgatory; saw the Scriptures and Fathers cited, and began to think that there was some probability on the Catholic side. After systematic reading of Catholic books and frequent conversations with Webb and another youth of the same College, began hesitantly to think along Catholic lines. Was finally convinced by a priest, who persuaded him also to leave his parents and come to Rome; ran away with him at dawn, and received money from him to go to London and Calais. Desires to be a priest.

[359]

ANDREAS FERNESLIUS

Anno post dominicam Incarnationem 1600 mense maii 1. Annum ago medium post quartum decimum, mediolani natus, un de biennis Lugdunum deportatus, ibidemque educatus fui. 2. Pater ex Anglia, mater ex Sabaudia oriundi sunt. Pater quam a multo tempore exercuerat mercaturam deposuit, neque iam ullam artem factitat. Nullos habeo fratres, sorores totidem: unicam tamen habui, quae mens em nata a seculo migravit. Cognatum paterno nomine in Anglia habeo unicum, Iurisconsultum scilicet, cuius de fide asserere nil ausim: ipse enim nuper cum Lugdunum venisset haereticus, infirmus in Angliam catholicus brevi ducturus uxorem reversus est: Caeteros autem Dei gratia sive affines sive consanguineos Catholicos habeo. 3. In turnonensi academia per tres annos, et semestrum circiter ad Rethoricam usque perveni. 4. Bis corporis valetudine infirmus, animae vero saepius fui. 5. Dei gratia me semper intra Ecc1esiae Christianae, Catholicae & Romanae fines, extra quos nullus salvus esse potest, continuit, continebitque eadem favente perpetuo. 6. Decretum mihi istud est (modo ad Christi honorem, et gloriam, animaeque meae proven tum & salutem sit) Ecc1esiasticam vitam, vitaeque novum genus capessendi :


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

67

SUMMARY [359J FERNESLEY Andrew, 14L son of retired English merchant and his Savoyard wife; born at Milan, taken to Lyons when 2 and brought up there. Has no brothers; had 1 sister who died when one month old. Has a kinsman of his father's name in England, a lawyer, who came to Lyons a heretic and returned home a weak Cathe>lic, to marry; has otherwise Catholic kinsfolk. Studied 3! years at Tournon, as far as Rhetoric. Was twice ill. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. May 1600. IOHANES DINGLEIUS alias FAUKENERUS Maii 19 0 [?J Anno 1600. 1. Vocor hic Iohannes Dingleius, proprio nomine Faukenerus : Aetatis ero viginti quatuor annorum in festo Annunciationis proximo futuro: natus fui Lytoniae in Dorcestria: educatus sub Avunculo mea Iohanne Brooko, et Cognato Edouardo Peto, uno mercatore, alter~ generoso, in Dorcestria habitantibus, qui fuerunt executores testamenti patris mei, qui mortuus est Catholicus, et mater etiam mea dum ego parvulus admodum infantulus eram, vix e cunabulis meis progressus et tutelae illorum quatuor sorores et ego a parentibus traditi fuimus. frater autem maior natu post obitum patris. et possessiones etiam suae iure ad Reginam pertinebant donec viginti annos complesset, quam servitutem pecuniis redempserunt Patris praedicti executores dico, et tutelam illius etiam habuerunt, cuius ego in domo Avunculi Ioannis Brooki primariis litteris usque ad undecimum aetatis annum imbutus fui, missus postea Shirborniam, oppidum Dorcestriae scholam ubi publicum quinquenii spatio frequentavi, frater meus interea ad maturam aetatem pervenerat, et ad placitum erat mihi, utrum Avunculum pro patrono servarem, vel frat rem eligerem, meque statim ad illum contuli. et cum ipso in wiltoniam profectus fui, ubi maiorem partem unius anni absque studiis consumpsi ibi denique mansi aliquando cum Avunculo. aliquando apud generosam viduam cuius filiam frater meus paulo ante nupsisset. illinc Oxoniam me asportavit frater meus, ubi in Aula Sanctae Mariae per unum fere annum per alterum in Glocestrensi aula studui, si illud studium dici pote'3t, historias, et Anglicanos libros legere, Tutorem semel in mense adire, disputationes neque publicas, neque privatas frequentare, decrescere potius in doctrina quam proficere, quae nunc cum dolore reminisci cogor. duos sequentes annos Ruri apud fratrem meum otiis etiam consumpsi. expeditionem interim faciens cum Domino Essexio contra Hispanos procellisque multis iactatus Londinum redii spoliis ditatus nullis (deo gratias habeo) : paulo post, ego statum vitae penitus mutavi, servulusque alterius factus faeliciter fui perque duos annos cum demidiot Domino Henrico Windesorio Londini inservivi e cuius servitio in has partes profectus fui. 2 patris nomen erat Henricus Faukenerus &. [360J


68

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

matris ante nuptias Martha pike. pater non nisi ex honest a et antiqua familia prognatus erat satisque divites fuerunt ips ius parentes: intra enim quinque filios ille secundus erat habuit que eas possessiones a patre suo quas etaim reliquit filio valentes 130 libras per annum (ut audivi fratrem loquentem) non tantas ut ego ex opinione aliorum iudico; domusque patris sui praecipuae intra patrem & natu maiorern fratrem aequalis erat facta divisio, meliorem vero partem agrorum alter tenuit, quas nunc vendidit, satisque tanturn habet, unde vivat, et liberos alat. frater etiam nuper vendidit suas, et totam domum cum possessionibus peregrinus tenet. patrui tres alii; aliquos quoque agros in eadem villa a patre suo relict os habuerunt, sed illi diu ab hinc rnortui sunt, nullusque nostri nominis ibi habitat. multos tamen adhuc generosos et mediae conditionis homines nobis propinquos, et affinitate coniunctos habemus, nullum vero nisi unum Avunculum Catholicum. Sorores duas in Dorcestria nuptas habeo alteram in Wiltonia quart a innupta mortua est coniuges earum sunt satis honestae famae ubi habitant, unusque dives tam in agris quam pecuniis est alteri duo tenues admodurn unus praesertim quia gratia Catholicae fidei perdidit maximam earum quas habuit partern, omnesque tam sorores quam coniuges, sunt vel schismatici, vel Catholici. frater vero Hereticus est, et in wiltonia vivit apud fratrem coniugis suae, virum admodurn generosum & divitem, et per coniugem suam multos in wiltonia praecipuos quoque totius Southamptoniae generosos sibi in affinitate propinquos habet. mater vero coniugis suae soror erat Ricardi Norton militis. et ut de matre mea loquar mater erat vidua antequam nupsit cum patre mea dives admodurn quia ego audivi multo ties quod agri quos sibi a priore coniuge relictos habuit termino vitae suae valent 200 libras per annum et bona etiam praeterea multa possidebat. pater illius erat tenuis admodurn in agris, fuit tamen ut audivi generosus reliquitque duos filios unus fundum patemum tenet et schismaticus est, alter ex sua industria ditatus et magnae aestimationis est in sua patria, valde Heriticus. mater sua erat Cestrensis, ex generosissima familia nata et per illarn divites habemus avunculos duos milites cognatos, affines quoque generosos multos Londini, et per totam Chestriam, et illorum quam plurimi sunt Catholici. quod ad facultates illas attinet quas ego a patre mea accepi, in agris pro aliquot annis reliquit mihi quatuordecim libras per annum, pensum praeterea annuale pro t ermino vitae meae, quinque librarum et 374 in numeratis pecuniis et aliquid in potentia quod paulo ante discessum vendidi fratri mea pro 70 fere libris. 3. Studui ut superius dixi Oxonii per duos fere annos humaniora tan tum studia poesim nempe et Rhetoricam. quibus artibus haud unquam pervectus fui nunc a continua a studiis omnibus cessatione per quatuor vel quinque annos multo quam ante me imperfectiorem sentio.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

69

4. raro non sexties ut recordor aegrotavi neque dolorem aliquem (deo gratias) corporis animaeve sentio. 5. intra duos hos annos ex heritico Catholicus factus fui. Authores conversion is meae fuerunt secretarius Domini Windesor vir bonus et Catholicus, nominatus Joannes Brookes &consanguineus quidem mei Richardus Faukenerus Catholicus etiam et eiusdem domini stabuli praefectus, mores etenim illorum et probitatem vitae intuendo, bonam de Catholicis opinionem habere cepi. et argumentis etiam contra me valuerunt, dederunt mihi libros Catholicos ad legendos, et quia iste J oannes Brooke fuit socius mecum in eodem cubiculo occasionem ego assiduam habebam videre illum, & alterum etiam cum illo simul orantes, per duas horas singulis diebus, et seipsos in omnibus pie admodum, & devote gerere, interque alios multos longe optimum dare exemplum conversationis, mors etiam parentum meorum Catholic a me movebat, diu tamen is tis motibus restiti, 1lli autem assiduo erant elaborantes conversionem meam quibus tandem iocose, magis quam serio dixi adducite ad me unum Sacerdotem ut sermonem cum illo haberem laetus erat uterque responsione mea, et quando proxime Londinum veni Curiam ego cum Domino mea aditurus eram, utque egressus eram foris iste J oannes Brookus cucurrit ad me, obsecrans ut expectarem donec a prandio adventum unius, cui lib enter ascultabam, et constituta hora venit ad me pater Jacobus Standish: quem ego mecum in privatum hortulum accepi & in umbraculo simul sedimus de rebus ad fidem pertinentibus sermonem longum facientes, dubia mea praecipua sibi proposui, et ille solutiones dedit mihi, tantumque apud me deus per illum valuit, ut ego statim conversus fui, statimque dixi comiti mea postquam alter abiiset, manumque mihi dedisset iterum ad me reverti. 0 Amantissime comes, non habeo dignas quas tibi gratias referrem, tu hodie me ex misero, faelicem efficisti ope istius boni Domini, 0 utinam plures haberet tales Anglia nostra quidque impedit mihi quominus ego Sacerdos fiam. et ex illa hora id efficere tantum conatus fui. die sequenti rursus venit ad me pater Standish et tamen distulit reconciliation em meam per alequott dies ut rem tanti momenti tempus daret mihi meditandi (sicut postea dixit). ego interim Carcerem frequentabam, et non dum Catholicus patris Liesteri benedictionem petii: impatiens denique morae quia pater Standish aberat a me tribus diebus non expectabam adventum illius, sed a patre Lee l alia sacerdote reconciliatus fui. semperque postea quando eram Londini mecum illum habebam in cubiculo mea et ducebat me ad navem quando ego discessi. notus que fui pro Catholico non tantum Londini, sed in Dorcestria etiam, et pluribus allis in locis, et per duos fere annos conversatio mea fuit inter Catholicoc;, singulis septimanis nisi valde raro necessitate aliter coactus Sanctam Communionem accepi, Conversionem amicorum omnibus modis laboravi, meque multis periculis exposui, nihil tamen inde detrimenti passus fui. I

Immedia.tely after "Lee" there follow two illegible letters, probably erased. F


70

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

.6. Quod ad propositum et desiderium attinet vitam Ecclesiasticam subeundi, nihil magis cupio quam ')acerdos (si ita deo placuerit) fieri. tt SUMMARY

[360J FAULKNER John alias Dingley, 24 next Lady Day, son of Henry and Martha Pike, born at Litton, Dorsetshire; brought up by his uncle John Brooke, merchant, and his cousin Edward Peto[?J Esq. in Dorsetshire, the executors of his father's will. ("He died a Catholic and my mother also while I was a very small infant scarcely out of my cradle and to their care 4 sisters and I were handed over by our parents; my eldest brother however after the death of my father. His possessions belonged to the Queen by law until he was 20, but they bought back this service for money, the aforesaid executors of my father I mean, and had the care of him"). Learnt his first letters in John Brooke's house; at 10 sent to the public school at Sherborne, Dorsetshire, for 5 years; then went to Wiltshire to serve his brother who had now come of age. After almost a year with him, spent some time with his uncle and some with his brother's widowed mother-in-law. Then was taken to Oxford by his brother; spent a year at St. Mary's Hall and a year at Gloucester Hall, studying poetry, rhetoric, history and English, but visiting his tutor only once a month and avoiding all private and public disputations, thus becoming less rather than more learned. Wasted the next 2 years in the country with his brother; went on Essex's expedition against the Spaniards; returned to London without booty (thank God); repented; served Mr. Henry Windsor in London for 2l years before coming abroad. (The respondent's father was the second of five sons of an ancient and rich family; he inherited, and left to his son, estates worth ÂŁ130 or less a year, and half his father's house, most of the land attached going to the elder brother who has now sold them and lives & educates his children on the proceeds. The respondent's brother has now sold his share, so that a stranger has the whole house and estates. There were also 3 uncles, who inherited lands on the same property, but they are long dead, and none of the family now live there.) Has many kinsmen belonging to the gentry and the middle class, but no Catholic kinsmen except one uncle. Has 2 sisters married in Dorsetshire and another in Wiltshire; their husbands are of good fame, one rich in lands and money, the other two poor, one of them because he has lost most of his property for the sake of religion. (The other sister died unmarried. All these are schismatics or Catholics. ) (The respondent's brother is a heretic and lives in Wiltshire with his wife's rich brother; through his wife he is related to many people in Wiltshire and to all the important gentry of Southampton; his mother-in-law is the sister of Richard Norton, soldier. The


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

71

respondent's mother was a widow before she married his father; from her first husband she inherited lands worth £200 a year and much property. Her father, though a gentleman, did not possess much land; he left two sons, one a schismatic who inherited the family farm, the other a strong heretic who has achieved wealth and esteem by his own efforts. Her mother belonged to the Cheshire gentry; on her side there are two rich military uncles, cousins, and many kinsfolk among the gentry of London and Cheshire, almost all Catholics.) The respondent inherited from his father lands worth £14 a year, a life-pension of £5 a year and £374 in cash, plus expectations which he sold to his brother before departure for about £70. Has been ill less than 6 times. Was converted from heresy within these 2 years, at the instigation of John Brookes (Catholic, secretary to Mr. Windsor) and his kinsman Richard Faulkener (Catholic, master of horse to the same). Was led by their example to respect Catholicism; sharing a room with John Brookes he was able to see the two of them praying 2 hours each day. Was influenced also by the Catholic books which they lent him and by the Catholic death of his parents. After long resistence, said jokingly "Take me to a priest"; when next at London attending Court with his master was introduced by John Brookes to Father James Standish. Sitting in the shade of a private garden was converted by him; decided at once to try to become a priest. Some days later, while waiting to be received into the Church, he visited Fr. Lister in prison; was eventually reconciled by Fr. Lee owing to the three days' absence of Fr. Standish. Kept Fr. Lee in his room; was seen off by him at the ship when departing. Was known as a Catholic in London and Dorset; lived among Catholics 2 years, receiving Communion weekly; strove to convert his friends~ exposing himself to danger with impunity. Desires to be a priest. January 19th 1600. FRANCISCUS YEATE allias THOMPSON Vigesimo primo Maii anno domini millessimot sexcentesimo 1. Vocor franciscus Yeate, verum tamen nomen Thomson, viginti trium annorum aetate in Comitatu Oxoniensi non procul ab urbe ipsa natus, in aetatis meae initio cum patre vixi, qui me domi litteris a sacerdote quem ea de causa donec ipsemet atque sacerdos capti et in carcerem coniecti fuere retinuit, institui curabat; ego tunc duodecimum aetatis annum agens, et postea per tres vel quatuor annos alias divers as frequentavi scolas, sed quia catholicus semper extiti, atque servitia contionesque haereticas interesse recusavi Universitates vel scolae in quibus bonae artes et disciplinae viguerunt mihi fuerunt interdictae, nam quam primum eram cognitus, discedendum erato quare huc atque illuc agitatus parum in litteris profuit; itaque ante septem vel octo annos studia omnia [361J


72

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

prossust deserui: donec Odomaropolim veni, ubi fere annum egi. in principio huius anni in rethorica, alias, in aliis inferioribus c1assibus fui versatus. 2. Parentes nobilit semperque catholici extiterunt mater antequam e cunabulis accessi moriens, pater post septem annos pro fide catholica in carcere finitos etiam obiit. cognati atque propinqui omnes paucis acceptist fidem catholicam profitentur. tres mihi sunt fratres, sex etiam sorores quarum una mecum Bruxellas adduxi ubi religiosa existit. 3. nimirum de studiis in articulo primo mentionem feci 4. Viribus gratiast sit deo et utor et usus fui firmis 5. semper ab ortu primo fill, catholicus. quondam pro sacerdote apprehensus, et in carcere detentus, donec pecuniis et amicis liberatus 6. per aliquot annos pervehementer ecc1esiasticam et religiosam vitam aggredi et sub obedientia dirigi, desideravi. quod deo cui cordium secreta patent optime est notum. Ad maiorem Dei beataeque virginis Mariae gloriam SUMMARY

[361J THOMSON Francis alias Yate, 23, born in Oxfordshire near Oxford; educated in his father's house by a priest until his father and the priest were both imprisoned; then, at 11, attended various schools for 3 or 4 years, being repeatedly expelled for refusal to at-tend heretical services and sermons; abandoned studies 7 or 8 years ago until reaching St. Omers where he spent about a year; was in Rhetoric at the beginning of this year. Son of noble Catholic parents. (His mother died when he was an infant. His father died after 7 years imprisonment for religion.) Has almost entirely Catholic kinsfolk. Has 3 brothers and 6 sisters, one of whom accompanied him to Brussels where she is now a religious. Healthy. Always a Catholic. Was once taken for a priest and imprisoned until released by his friends' money. Has desired for some years to be a religious. 21 May 1600.

[362J

THOMAS BEVEREGUS

Anno 1600, 9: Octobris 1. Thomas Beveregus filius Roberti, et Brigidae Beve: decimo tertio die J ulii, anno millesimo, sexcentesimo, decimum sextum vitae annum egit. Natus erat in oppido Suttonia, comitatu derbicensi. scholae Staveleiae[?J, sub preceptore, Gulielmo Margerisono Oxoniensi, bonis literis, usque ad decimum secundum aetatis suae annum, incubuit; quo mortuo, cum nemo in illis partibus, ulla eruditione aut doctrina haberetur insignis, aliquo tempore, in studiis quibus ante versatus esset consumpto domi, ad ludum literarum Chester-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

73

feldiae, tribus milliaribus a domo paterna distantem se ad hunc usque annum contulit. 2. Patrem habuit, neque valde pauperem, neque divitem, sed mediae sortis virum, cui, satis ad tuendam familiam satis ad educandos liberos suppeteret. Cuius amici, et cognati erant haeretici, frater vero et parentes schismatici. 3. Praedicta Staveleiae[?] schola, ut latinum scriberet, et loqueretur mediocriter eruditus, Chesterfeldiae, Rhetoricae Poesi, et graecis literis, quas avide sitivit, summa cum voluntate, et desiderio operam dedit. 4. Satis bene corpore, et animo valet, semperque valuit, nulla unquam aegritudine impeditus, praeterquam febri (in ipsa pueritia) et aliis morbis, quibus maximum genus hominum eadem praesertim aetate, subiicitur. 5. Cum nonum egit annum, fratris cui maximo amore devinctus fuit, propositum, relligionem, et constantiam accepit, ut relictis parentibus, et amicis, ad Romam, devotionis causa, iter susciperet, desiderio fratris commotus Catholicorum librorum cupidus, hereticorum negligens ab illo usque tempore fuit, et schismaticam vitam nonnullis cognitam degit. Postquam itaque excessit ex ephaebis ut quomodo reliquum vitae tempus optime consumeretur, intenderet, vel domestice vivere, vel Academicis studiis incumbere, vel mercaturae, aut alicui scientiae in urbe Londinensi animum applicare, pater admonuit. Hoc positus trivio, quid in tanto rerum turbine esset agendum ignarus, magno Catholicae religion is , et Romam adeundi amore flagravit. Domestica enim vita, quae nonnunquam est doloris[?], et obscura, Academica, quae multum saepenumero continet improbitatis, et ignorantiae, et mercatoria quae nec votis illius, nec condicioni fuit consentanea, omnino displicuit. Quamvis ideo parentibus, primogeniti filii mortem aegre ferentibus, mentem, et propositum patefacere non ausus est, tamen fratri ex Academia venienti significavit, qui non solum votis annuit, et multum comprobavit, verum etiam seipsum magnopere elaboraturum, ut eius satisfaceret desiderio promisit. Non Ion go post tempore patri datae sunt litterae, ut ad Londinum filium cum tabellario mitteret, ubi optimi alicuius causidici, vel mercatoris apprenticius esset futurus. Parentes vero cupidam videntes filii voluntatem, et ad urbem eundi desiderium, ea demiserunt condicione, ut si fratri, morem non libenter gereret, domum rediret. Protinus itinere suscepto ad Londinum venit, tribus hebdomadis cum fratre commoratur, quo temp oris spatio dominus Gervasius Pierpoynt francisci Beverigi multum studiosus, ut eius frat rem Romae commendaret, reverendum Patrem Wally obnixe rogavit, quod facile ab eo impetravit. Reconciliatus deinde a reverendo patre Stamforde, transacto mari, ne calor aestivus in tam longa peregrinatione corpus offenderet, Duacenis studiis quatuor mensibus experitust, Romam venit. 6. Nihil unquam videbatur mihi hucusque iucundius (si tanta dignus essem functione) quam vitam ecc1esiasticam ingredi. tt


74

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[362] BEVERIDGE Thomas, son of Robert and Bridget, born at Sutton, Derbyshire, 13.7.1584, attended school at Staveley until 11, learning Latin under William Margerison of Oxford; after the latter's death studied at home; learnt poetry, rhetoric and Greek at Chesterfield school three miles from home, until this present year. Son of a middle-class father of sufficient means; has schismatic brothers and parents, heretical kinsfolk. Healthy save for fevers and childish illnesses in boyhood. At 8 impressed by his beloved brother's pilgrimage to Rome, sought Catholic books, has lived from that time schismaticaliy. At end of adolescence was called upon by his father to choose between a domestic, an academic and a mercantile life; disliked all three and decided to go to Rome. Did not dare to tell his parents, then grieving over the death of their eldest son, but secured the cooperation of his brother when he came down from the University. Was sent to London to be apprenticed to a barrister or merchant, and placed under obedience to his brother; lived with his brother 5 weeks. During this time obtained letters of recommendation to Rome from Fr. Walley, through the good offices of Gervase Pierpoint, a friend of Francis Beveridge; Was reconciled by Fr. Stamford; crossed the sea; studied 4 months at Douai to avoid travelling in summer heat; came to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 9 October 1600. [363]

JOHANNES CARINGTONUS

October 10 1. Pater meus appellatur Georgius Smythus: mater Anna Giffordus: meumque nomen est Johannes. Natus eram Ashbii Foulvini[?] in comitatu Lecestriae ibique ad decimum aetatis annum educatus. postea per tres annos Wottoni Wawini intra comitatum Warwicensem prima gramaticae rudiment a discerim. totidem annos in villa sub Staffordiae comitatu contenta literis operam navabam. Abhinc Oxoniae trium annorum spatium in musarum curriculo versabar, rure vero nonnunquam vacans. Postremo ab Oxonia recepi me rus, ubi cum parentibus per dimidium anni partem vacans Londinum me contuli: et hie opportunum discedendi tempus expectans duos menses commorabar. 2. Omnes ex nobili familia orti sunt. Satisque divitiarum habent se suosque cum tota familia (sicut viris decet nobilibus) sustinere. Quinque habeo fratres, totidemque sorores omnes catholicos, una cum matre. Pater vero et avus sunt schismatici. Avus bis nuptus fuerit, ex prima uxore duos genuit filios, quorum alter in iuventute mortem oppetebat, alter meus videlicet pater, est unicus illi relictus filius. Ex uxore altera, quae nunc vivit nullos suscepit liberos. utraque uxor catholica extitit. Frater meus maximus natu, duxit uxorem per quam duos tantum meo discessu habuit liberos. Paternos amicos primos quos per avum habet non bene novi. maxima


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

75

autem pars eorum sicuti existimo catholica est reliqua schismatica. unus est eques auratus, caeteri nobiles sed minoris sortis, et substantiae. Matris amicos primos, ad unum fere omnes catholici sunt, et divitiis ac possessionibus quamvis multum propter religionem eripitur[?] abundantes. 3. Studui Oxoniae illic missus priusquam aut thesin, aut carmen, potui componere: tamen secundum consuetudinem academicorum primo aditu rudimentis logicae incumbebam. Sed neque in aula Sanctae Mariae, nec in aula glocestrensi ubi postea studuerim ullos fere nisi minutissimos progressus literis fecerim. Primas partes dialectices de simplicibus vocibus et compositione silogismorum ediscerim, reliquas partes vix gustaverim. porro audivi praeceptorem meum de principiis naturalibus legentem, sed pauca intellexi, minora memoriae mandavi, quorumque omnium vix nunc vestigia in memoria relinquuntur. denique modo in philosophia, modo in medicina versabar; nunc cosmographiam, nunc historiam: hodie rethoricam, cras legens poeticam: sed ut planta saepe transposita non fert fructum, sic ego toties mutatus nihil reperebamt commodi, sed ut est in pueritia, dum ubique fui nusquam fui. 4. Dum in anglia vixerim optatissima semper fruebar valetudine numquam quantum animo complector ullo morbo nisi bis febri, terque allis quorum me latina fugiunt nomina, laboravi. Interdum tamen vehementer studerem, per sex aut sept em forsan dies sine intermissione immediate post plenissimas refectiones absque ullo timore infermitatist curave valetudinis scribens, et ad multam noctem vigilans. dowaci vero commorans pectoris dolorem aliquem sensi, qui nisi male ex multis probabilibus coniicio, ortus est ex nimio subito post prandium scribendi usu aut incumbendo dum diu scriberem mensae. Nonnumquam enim dum scriberem paulove post si memet erigerem, magnum dolorem in medio pectoris sentirem. intra mensem vero parum scribens, idque erecto semper corpore, intigert evasi: Tussi praeterea, et oppletione, una cum raucedine parva circa id tempus laboravi, quae fortasse a nocturnis lucubrationibus et aliquo maerore originem duxerunt suam, quae omnia studii intermissione et praesertim itinere funditus deleta erant, nisi parva ruma quae reliqua est. 5. Quantam coniectura assequor schismaticus semper fui. Quibus vero rebus adductus schismaticus fuerim aut catholicum fieri desiderabam, nunquam potui recordare: sed ut verisimillimum est. utque coniecto, matemis institutis et vita commotus, catholic am religionem a teneris annis optimam, esse credidi, postea eius consilio et exemplis ad illam amplectendam me puto permoveri. Quia priusquam ullus mihi notus fuerit sacerdos, mortem, ob hanc sollumodot causam vehementer timebam quod non eram catholicus. Summopere etiam interdum commotus et divinis inspirationibus incitatus cum magno lachrimarum vi remission em peccatorum et quicquid de corpore mea fiet, animae meae salutem implorarem. Qui affectus frequentissimi fuerant paucis diebus antequam cum sacerdo-


76

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tibus verba habui. idque in locis solitarist, cum solus eram, maximeque cum illam precem (Conditor cae1i et terrae etc.) attente effundebam. Tribus ab hinc annis non multo ante festum Sancti Michaelis, domi cum parentibus, secundum accademiae morem, relaxandi animi causa vacans, mater adduxit me illo sacerdoti, qui me postea reconsiliavitt, ego vero ignorans qualis esset hominem vulgarem esse duxi, eiusque verba parvi pendebam, cumque ilIum latebat, quo animo essem, non ad vivum veniret, sed de rebus parum pertinentibus locutus est. Non multo post quidam presbiter accessit, vir gravis, nomine (ut opinor) Mush quocum a matre missus conferens, mihi virum gravissimum et eruditissimum esse videbatur, cuius verba quibus me monere studebat, cum gravitate, et quadam censorea asperitate coniuncta, lachrimas mihi protinus excusserunt, quo visa ut tentaret utrum cognovissem, firmiterque tenerem, catholicae religionis fundamenta; dixit parvulam meam sororem me multo esse doctiorem, idque aliquibus propositis quaestionibus elucesceret, quorum unum aut alterum antequam sororis responsum audivi dissolvere nunquam potui, reliquis it idem male respondebam, quod non fecissem sicuti arbitror, nisi quod animus pudore proculsus, et dolore immersus, vix rationis lumine utebatur. Quia videbat me his in rebus adeo rudem meam reconsiliationemt in reditum suum distulit, dans mihi in mandatis, quae ad fidem erant necessaria quamprimum discere. Sed ante reditum illius meus Oxoniam di')cessus instabat, praedictus igitur sacerdos interveniens, me reconsiliavitt. Cuius nomen (ut arbitror) fuit Seaiwell. Remensis sacerdos, multum aetate provectus, et quondam in Oxoniensi academia ex Orielis Collegii socius. Nihil unquam persecutionis mihi obtigit. Nam si Oxoniae aliquid periculi imminebat domum redirem, cumque timuerim ne avo mea religio innotesceret, Oxoniam reverterem. Postremo partim propter impendentem afflictionem, praesertim intineris mei causa, accademiam reliqui, et Londinum accedens a patre Wallino[?] litteras commendatorias ad patrem Baldwinum accepi, et a Roberto Fullwardo adiutus navem conduxi. Sex alii una mecum a patre Baldwino missi sunt Sanctum Audomarum unus, in Hispaniam quatuor, alter mecum Romam venerit. Pecuniam quam pro viatico habui, partim a matre pro hoc itinere, partim a patre, avoque pro meis in Londino impensis ubi legum studio me operam daturum putabant, acceperim. 6. Paulo ante aut quamprimum catholicus eram mater hoc mihi proposuit utrum in has regiones ad studendum, et sacris ordinibus initiandum venirem. Quod ut mihi fuerit oblatum, me libentissime facturum promisi, ab illis temporibus ea mihi stetit sententia, et sitim ad hoc efficiendum inextinguibilem habui. t t SUMMARY

[363] SMITH John alias Carrington, son of George and Ann Gifford, born at Ashby Folville, Leicestershire, and brought up there until 9; then learnt grammar at Wootton Wawen, Warwickshire for 3


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

77

years; studied letters a further 3 years in Staffordshire; spent 3 years at St. Mary's Hall and Gloucester Hall, Oxford; finally spent 6 months at home with parents and 2 months in London waiting to depart. Son of a schismatic father and Catholic mother, of noble and moderately rich families. Has 5 brothers and 5 sisters all Catholics. (His grandfather, a schismatic, was twice married, and had 2 sons by his first wife. One died young; the other, the respondent's father, is still alive. By his second wife, who survives~ he had no sons. Most of the respondent's kinsmen by his father are probably Catholic, the rest are schismatics; one is a knight, the rest noble'but of less importance and wealth. His kinsmen by his mother are almost all Catholics and rich in spite of what they lose because of religion.) At Oxford he was set to study Logic although he could not compose a theme or a poem; made little progress; learnt the first parts of dialectic, concerning simple words and syllogisms, barely touched the rest; listened to his teachers expounding natural principles, but understood little and remembered less. Dabbled in philosophy, medicine, cosmography, history, rhetoric, poetry; bore no more fruit than an often transplanted shrub. Has enjoyed good health save for two fevers and three other illnesses whose Latin names he does not know. Sometimes he studied for 6 or 7 days without intermission, immediately after very large meals. writing without care for his health and keeping long hours. While at Douai suffered from pains in the chest which perhaps arose from writing too soon after luncheon or leaning over the table while writing; recovered within a month by writing little and holding himself erect. Suffered at the same time from cough, catarrh and hoarseness, which perhaps arose from nightly study and misery ; was cured of all but a small rheum by rest and travel. Was probably always a schismatic; drawn to Catholicism probably by his mother's life and teaching; before he knew any priest was already afraid of death because of not being a Catholic; frequently wept for his sins; was especially moved shortly before meeting priests, and when alone, by the prayer Conditor caeli et terrae. Three years ago, shortly before Michaelmas, while at home for vacation, was taken by his mother to an old Rheims priest named Sewell, a former fellow of Oriel. Not knowing that he was a priest, discussed only irrelevant matters. Shortly afterwards was sent by his mother to talk to a priest named, probably, Mush, who appeared grave and erudite; was brought to tears by his severe words; was shown by questioning to be much less informed about religion than his younger sister. Through shame was unable to answer even simple questions, and was told by Mush to postpone reconciliation until he had learnt all that was necessary for faith. Was eventually reconciled by Sewell, since he had to leave for Oxford. Avoided persecution by returning home whenever Oxford became dangerous and returning to Oxford when it looked as if his grandfather would discover his change of religion. Finally left Oxford, partly to avoid


78

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

trouble and partly to travel abroad. Obtaining letters to Fr. Baldwin from Fr. Walley at London, hired a ship with the aid of Robert Fullward. Was sent on by Fr. Baldwin as one of a group of seven, four of whom were to go to St. Omers, one to Spain and two, including himself, to Rome. Received money for his journey from his mother; made use also of money given by his grandfather and father for his proposed law studies in London. Promised his mother, at the time of his conversion, to go abroad to study for the priesthood. 10 October [1600]. [364]

THOMAS PERSHALL

Anno 1600. die 11 o. Mensi Octobris. 1. Pater et ego sumus de eodem nomine, Thomas Pershall, mater olim Genovefa Phetiplace nunc Pershall vocatur etast mea in festo Paschae proximo sequenti est 26, locus nativitatis, et educationis, vocatur Hylsdone[?] vicus infra duos millepassus Buckinghamiae in eodem comitatu. studui Oxoniae per sex menses reliquam vitae partem in vico nativitatis, (quinque annis exceptis in Londino in interiori Templo et quatuor in Comitatu Staffordiae in domo parentis et quatuor in buckingamiae consumptis) semper cotriverimt¡ 2. Parentum sum minor filius. Pater Schysmaticus locum Armigeri tenet, Mater Catholicus filia fuit Armigeri, Dominum Mordant incomitatu Northamptoni, Charolum et Henricum Davers Milites in comitatu Glocestriae habeo meos consanguineos, quorum primus (ut fama est) est catholicus reliqui duo sunt schysmatici: habeo in comitatu Berciae quatuor, armigeros omnes vocatos Phetiplace et unum Armigerum vocatum Gulihelmum Essex mihi cognatione coniunctos quorum quatuor sunt heretici alter scysmaticus arbitratur, habeo in comitatu buckinghamiae unum consanguinem vocatum Tho. Denton Armigerum et haereticum, in comitatu Cestriae habeo Randuplhum Bruerton meum cognatum militem et Scysmaticum, in comitatu Staffordiae habeo Walterum Harecourte Militem, Gulihelmum Chetwine et ] ohannem Vernon armigerum m eos cognatos, omnes schysmaticos. habeo duos fratres tantum eosque schysmaticos, unam sororem mihi affinitate coniunctam, catholicam. hi omnes secundum status eorum habent satis fortunarum. 3. N ullis certis studiis operam dederim sed aliquando legerim libros de poetis anglicanis aliquando de analibust nostrae gentis, nunc hi§toria tunc libros divinitatis cum parvo profectu et minori progressu, magis recreationis quam utilitatis causa, dum essem sub ferula, legi libros humanitatis, tales quibus scholastici utuntur in scholis sicut opera Ciceronis vergilium, Ovidium Oracium etcetera. 4. Per spatium duodecemt annorum ad hoc tempus semper valetudine fruitus sum corporis, ante id tempus semel habuissem febrim per spatium trium hepdomidarum t, nunquam egritudinem t


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

79

animae habuerim: hoc tempore, et corporis et animae valetudine fruor. 5. In fide catholica semper fuerim educatus, nunquam haereticus, bis schysmaticus extiterim, circiter abhinc tres annos, sponte sine alicuius motu, nisi divino, reverendum patrem Garrat habui meum reconciliatorem. illius familiaritatem tunc habui per modum Iohanis Salsberye mei familiaris eodem tempore in carcere cum illo inclusi nihil pro catholica fide passus sum, egressus fuerim ex Anglia hoc modo. fuit quidam sutor vestiarius in londino nomine Thomas Beck~t, catholicus, meus familiaris qui sub colore mercatoris, relliquias pannorum, cultros pro sutoribus et huiusmodi mercaturas caletam transportabat et in telonio pro suis bonis debitum persolvebat, qua re habuit a domino Telonii, quoddam parvulum scriptum ad officialem portas vocati Gravesende ut lib ere transmigraret cum suis bonis, de isto interrogabam, quo modo ego cum illo potui transmigrare, ille respondit, quod si vellem descendere cum illo ad portum et secreto me habere, quando officialis finem scrutandi fecisset facillimum esset mihi navem conscendere omnia secundum illius consilium feci, et cum illo brevi tempore caletam appuli, praeteria t habui literas commendatas ad quendam officialem nomine Gulihelmus Sparhanke in portu vulshinge permanentem ut si captus essem illa ostenderet me militandi causa sub regina Angliae patriam reliquisse, hanc literarn (per modum Thoma Foulx sutoris vestiarii propter pecuniam) ab amico praedicti officialis acquisissem praeteria t habui parvulum scriptum ad duacam per modum cuiusdarn sacerdotis Richardi Garth (qui tunc veniebat ex Hyspania) ab archipresbitero commendatum cum eo scripto veni ad Sanctum Audomerum ubi invenirem Dominum Edouardum Laceu t in collegio anglicano cui quia amici mei non fuerunt ignoti dedit mihi literas patri Rectori commendatas cum iis Bruxellias veni ubi reliqui sociorum parati erant proficisci Romam cum illis et cum literis a patre Baldvino similiter patri Rectori directis, Romam Adivi. 6. Propositum est servire deo et voluntatem superiorem in omnibus obedire. pro meo desiderio ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam, quamvis spiritus non adeo nunc sit fervidus ad earn rem ut spero fuerit in futurum tamen nunc id agere intendo et disciplinam collegii (dum hic mansero) quantum possum observare. SUMMARY

[364] PERSHALL Thomas, son of Thomas and Genevieve Fettiplace, 26 next Easter, born and brought up at Hillesden, 2 miles from Buckingham. Studied 6 months at Oxford, lived 5 years in the Inner Temple, 4 in his father's house in Staffordshire and 4 in Buckinghamshire; for the rest of his life has lived in his native village. Is younger son of schismatic esquire and Catholic daughter of esquire. Is related to Lord Mordaunt in N orthamptonshire, to Charles and Henry Davers, soldiers, in Gloucestershire; the former reputed Catholic, the latter two schismatics. Is related to 4 heretical armiger-


80

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ous F ettiplaces and to schismatic William Essex Esq., all in Berkshire. Is related also to Thomas Denton Esq. of Buckinghamshire, heretic; to Sir Randolph Bruerton of Cheshire, schismatic; to Sir Walter Harcourt, William Chetwynde and John Vernon Esq., of Staffordshire, all schismatics. Has one sister related by affinity, a Catholic, and 2 brothers schismatics. Has studied haphazardly, reading English literature and history and books of divinity with little profit, mainly as recreation; at school read Cicero, Virgil, Horace, Ovid and other customary works. Has been healthy these last 12 years; previously suffered 3 weeks' fever. Was brought up a Catholic, never lapsed into heresy but twice into schism; about 3 years ago went spontaneously to be reconciled by Fr. Gerard, whose fellow-prisoner John Salisbury was a friend of his. Has not suffered for the faith; narrates his escape from England as follows. ' 'There was a tailor in London named Thomas Becket, a Catholic, a friend of mine, who, pretending to be a merchant, used to carry over to Calais remnants of cloth, tailors' knives and the like. He used to pay dues for his goods to the customs, and accordingly had a little note from the head of the customs to the port officer at Gravesend which gave him permission to cross freely with his goods. I asked him whether there was any possibility of my making the crossing with him; he replied that if I went to the port with him and hid, it would be very easy to go aboard the ship after the officer had finished searching. I followed this plan, and reached Calais with him in a short time. I had also a letter to an officer named William Sparhanke who lived in the port of Flushing, which, if I was captured, would show that I had left the country for military service on behalf of the Queen of England. (I obtained this letter from a friend of the said officer, on payment, through the assistance of one Thomas Foulkes, a tailor.) I had besides a commendatory letter to Douai from the archpriest, which I obtained through a priest newly come from Spain, Richard Garth. With this letter I came to St. Omers where I found Mr. Edward Lacey in the English College; he, since he knew my family, gave me letters of recommendation to Fr. Rector. With these I came to Brussels where the rest of my companions were ready to set out for Rome. I came to Rome with' these letters and others written by Fr. Baldwin to the Rector." Is not yet anxious to be an ecclesiastic, but hopes to be in future will observe discipline.

[365J

GULIELMUS TAILER

Anno Domini 1600 Octobris 8° 1. Quod ad nomen spectate Nomen a genere paterno sortitum Tailerus nuncupatur, idemque nomen mihi nunc tantum haereditarium. Avus autem mihi Compater, fidei meae sponsor (quam utinam ipse tenuisset) Cognomen indidit Gulielmum. Nomen vero Adamus a materna propagine derivatum per avum, sin per avitam


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

81

deductum sit, Goldwell dicitur. Nativitatis locus urbs Eliensis, educationis Lincolnia. unde quamprimum aetatis annum 14m attigissem, Oxoniam me contuli. Ab ortu vero natali succedente Festo omnium Sanctorum praeterlapso, quatemarius numerus complebitur cum vigessimot. 2. Conditio amicorum haud prorsus obscura. Parentes e nobili familia oriundi. Status vitae mediocris. ut nihil superfluum ad voluptatem, ita (Deo gratias reddo cumulatissime) nihil deest ad necessitatem. Amici, Cognati, consanguinei, quorum alli Comitatum Lincolniensem incolunt, sed plerique Insulam Eliensem, omnes satis opulenti, et forsan nimis. Sed quod gravissime mihi dolendum restat, una cum parentibus haeretici, vel (ut ita nominem) nullifidii. unicum habeo avunculum Cantabrigiae Doctorem Theologum, ditissimum, et ut una voce aequivoce dicam perditissimum. Est enim Archipruritanust haud minoris famae inter Academicos. 3. Oxoniae per septem annos, literarum studiis incubui, non sine gravi lab oris iactura & temp oris dispendio. Cum tamen eos in literis progressus fecissem, ut in Bacchalaureatus gradum cooptatus sim, ad Comitia Cantabrigiensia profectus sum, quibus peractis, in Bacchalaureorum numerum illic etiam ascriptus sum. Illinc denuo reversus, in Collegio Magdal. ubi per hos 7 annos versabar altiorem dignitatis gradum et celebriorem locum expectavi. Quid enim obstaret quo minus illus me spes provehat? cum (absit pre cor Reverende Pater arrogandi suspicio) non essem reliquis inferior. Sed praecipue cum ex merito non possem, ex debito patria vendicatt Lincolnia. Constat ex statutis. Fundator ipse Wainfletus Episcopus Wintoniensis voluit et decrevit. Sed brevis esse laboro. Ad eorum societatem aspiravi, sed in ambitu repulsam tuli. Quare? Sum Papista. Quis obiecit? Qui me longe maximo favore dignatus est. Unde? qua de causa? quo argumento? Solus, inquit, vagor, solus meditor (sic enim soleo) nemo comes adiunctus, nemo socius. Quos liquido constat inter omnes Papistas esse, amat, colit, observat, amplectitur. Sermones, mores, vitam, gesta, mortem, exempla, laudat, suspicit, miratur, extollit. Ego interim Schismaticus vacillans in fide, tenui alarum remigio suffultus, tanquam materia prima cuiuslibet formae capax, magis tamen per praevias dispositiones ad recipiendum divinae gratiae signaculum effictus et efformatus, negavi, sed frigide, testes provocavi, sed timide. Sensi equidem tacite mihi praecordia praegestire, eorum nomine accusari, quorum vitam, doctrinamque nondum percalluissem, aut accurate didicissem. Sed has leves coniecturas ulterius discutere, earumque originem strictiori examine pensiculare destiti. Cedebam tempori, cedebam causae, fortunae, personae. Quae sequela? discedo et omnes desero. Discessum dolent, dolent infortunium. Instant, premunt, contendunt acrius, ut immorer, ut alterius anni successum ulterius expectem; vel saltern ut tam gravi suspicione ad inimicorum confusion em me liberem et absolvam.


82

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Recuso nihili pendo, Deus est, inquam, Iudex, huic causam fortunamque meam commendo, quid de me falsum enunciaverint, ipsi viderint, et sic abii, evasi, erupi, amicos deserui de causa tam inaudita, mire anxios et sollicitos. Optimam partem, confidenter spero, elegi cum Maria. Jesus faveat et Maria. 4. Corpus mihi semper validum, rarius infirmum, in exercitiis strenuum, animose dispositum, agile, plus que virum roborisque praestans quam prae se speciem ferre videtur. Sed utrum longo debilitatus itinere, vel insueta aeris intemperie factus sum elanguidus vel vini frequentia nimium calefactus, vigorem corporis aliquantulum sentio imminutum, valetudinem vero integerrimam. Deo gratias. 5. Duo anni iampridem effluxerunt, in quibus vitam transegi schismaticus prius quam Academiae valedixissem. Sed abundavit Christi gratia. Avocor a studiis, a parentibus avocor. Nobilissimum Heroem Comitem vigorniae accersitus adeo, attendo. Habuit enim binos in collegio natos eodem tempore eductos et edoctos, qui me favore singulari dignati sunt, necnon eorum Praeceptor Schismaticus cuius tutelae commendati sunt, amore erga me summo affectus est. Invitat, immo incitat literis ad me missis, rure enim tunc temporis versabar apud parentes otiosus, ut studiis a me iam derelictis, novam vivendi ration em suscipiam potius, quam domi haeres ignavus temporis absumam patrimonium. Tempus ~nim tantum nostrum est, caetera fortunae. Brevi posthac Cambriam appuli, a nobili iuventute gratissime exceptus. Duas Heroinas eiusdem Comitis filias Grammaticae rudimentis institui. Posterum a Secretis eram, cum Grenovicum, ubi sedes est regia, proficisceretur. Sed cum in Cambria vixissem gratissima et optatissima sese mihi obtulit opportunitas in Sanctae Ecc1esiae sinum me recipiendi. Acceperam enim a familiari mea constanti Catholico qui in fidei testimonium saepius incarceratus est fratrem suum iam patrem suum Presbyterum, Duaci profectum, et in Angliam nuperrime transvectum aedes suas invisisse, illic per tres dies commoraturum. Libentissime hunc primum adeo et saluto. magnopere enim cum sacerdote con venire flagitabam. Veni, Vidi, et Vici diabolum qui me hactenus laqueis irretitum tenebat. 0 diem gratissimum. 0 Deum benignissimum. Hinc vehemens desiderium animum invasit meum ut me omnibus mundanis expediam studia recolendi causa. Cum Londinum venissem, societatern et gratiam inivi cum quibusdam Catholicis famae celebrioris, qui obscure latebant. Movent, permovent, suadent, persuadent. Instat alius cuius consilio et imperio lubentissime parerem, ut quosdam Reverendos Patres Societatis literis meis interpellem. Excipiunt, legunt, gratulantur, rescribunt. Quicquid defuerit, suppetent, pollicentur literas, pecunias, vota, preces. Ne me perturbet anceps cogitandi cura, singula curabunt, et providebunt. Ego interim in Curia versabar negociis implicatus, nec mihi vel temporis momento libertas evagandi concessa. Paulo post rescribit Reverendus Archipresbyter omnia apparata, instruct am


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

83

navem, conscendam oportet praepropere. literas suas misit, alias pollicetur subsecuturas, sed iam prae temporis angustiis se comparare non posse, sed brevi missurum spondet. Veniam imploro parentes invisendi, concedit, iubet ut cito revertar. Valedico, conscendo navem, ignotus Domino, amicis, Parentibus. 6. Ex his praemissis et promissis meis vitae meae instituendae ratio et propositum facile elicitur, quid sentio, quid statuo, quid quaero, quid spero. De rebus ecclesiasticis summo cum timore et reverentia, ardore et humilitate, pie sentio. tt Denique quo vota tendunt mea, quo labores actionesque, studia lucubrationesque contendunt meae, in sacris ordinibus initiari vestrisque coronis inaugurari (Divini Numinis gratia faeliciter aspirante) spero. Exaudi Deus orationem meam. Adiutor meus tibi psallam quia Deus susceptor es meus Deus meus et miserecordia t mea. 58. SUMMARY

[365] TAYLER William (so named by his grandfather, who was also his godfather), 24 next All Saints Day, son of noble parents of sufficient means, born at Ely and brought up at Lincoln until 13,¡ when he went to Oxford. (His mother's name was Adam, and her mother's name Goldwell.) Has kinsmen in Lincolnshire and the Isle of Ely who are excessively rich, and heretical or irreligious. Has one uncle a Doctor and Theologian at Cambridge, very rich and very wicked, an Archpuritan of great fame in the University. Studied letters 7 years at Magdalen College; after proceeding B.A. went to Cambridge elections and took the same degree there. Returned to Magdalen in the hope of further academic distinction, relying partly on his merits and partly on his Lincolnshire origin which, according to Wayneflete's statutes, should have stood in his favour. Was refused a fellowship on the grounds that he was a Papist, as was shown by his lonely wanderings, his friendship with known Papists, and his admiration for their way of life. Being at the time a schismatic, he denied being a Papist, but without enthusiasm, and left Oxford though his friends urged him to try again the following year. Describes his farewell rhetorically. Is normally healthy, vigorous, and stronger than he looks; at present has been weakened by his journey, or the climate, or the unaccustomedintake of wine. Was a schismatic for 2 years before leaving the University; on leaving was invited to live with the Earl of Worcester, whose two sons at Magdalen were friends of his, along with their schismatic tutor. Went therefore to Wales after a short period of idleness at home; taught grammar to the Earl's two daughters, and accompanied him as secretary when he attended Court at Greenwich. Whilst in Wales was invited by a Catholic friend, who had often been imprisoned for religion, to meet his brother, a priest, who was spending 3 days with him on returning from Douai. Was reconciled; conceived desire to leave the world


84

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

in order to study. Went to London and met well-known Catholics in hiding; wrote to Jesuits and received promises of assistance. While occupied with Court business learnt from the Archpriest that a ship was ready; embarked secretly after hurried farewell to parents. Desires to be a priest. 8 October 1600. [366J

HENRICUS LANMANNUS

Decimo Octobris anne Domini 1600. 1. Respondeo idem mihi cum paterno nomen esse, Henricum scilicet Lanmannum, eundemque nativitatis locum nimirum in villa quadam comitatus Suffolciensis, cui nomen Westthorpia, ubi sedem quondam habuit Brandonus Suffolciae Dux. Atqui hoc quidem in loco, licet natalis fuerit, minimam educationis meae partem habui. Infantulus enim illinc deferebar Londinum, ac deinde nondum, ut opinor, septennium attingens: Moltoniam in Comitatu Northamptoniensi ad patruum quendam meum Rogerum Lanmannum ab ipsa Northamptonia duobus pene miliaribus distantem. Apud eum ultra sex annos moratus, sub initio tertii latinae tunc linguae rudiment a percepturus, cuidam Hooko non mediocri Puritano instruendus committebar, qui Northamptoniae degens, adeo concionibus ubique insectandis deditus erat, ut multum neglectus parum profecerim. quapropter post maximam anni partem illic amissam, deserto Hooko ad publicam ibidem scholam me contuli, cui Praefecto nomen Sandersonus erato Cumque ibi per quatuor fere annos studiis incubuissem, revocante patre, Westthorpiam natale solum profectus sum: unde Bactoniam adiacentem villam quotidie remissus, sub quodam Cullamo ibidem ludimagistro, per duos pene annis ultimo literis navavi operam. Hoc tempore peracto, recepit me pater ad se, isto fretus consilio, ut quia apud Christoferum Hattonum paulo ante Angliae Cancellarium effectum, non nihil valebat, cui etiam per plurimos annos inservierat, eius ope me in Cancellaria educari apud aliquem voluit, ubi bene instructus et maturior effectus, ad aliquod munus capessendum idoneus fierem; quod mihi si Hattonus vixisset, ab ipso obtinuisse non dubitabat. Ann\1it Hattonus, meque commendavit cuidam Hawleio qui et unus trium c1ericorum parvae bagae fuit, (ut in Anglia apudlegum studios os vulgo se latine nomen habet) et in Middlesexiae comitatu pacis custos: uno igitur anne sub patre prius in Hattoni aede insumpto, quatuor fere exegi apud Hawleium, usque ad ipsius mortem, quam non longe praecessit Hattoni mors. Ex qua cum omnis mihi spes ablata esset, aliquam commoditatem e Cancellaria expectandi, nulla pene adhuc capta experientia, ea abdicata redii ad patrem. Post dimidium vel paulo ulterius anni, a Vicecomite Mountague in familiam suam acceptus, et inter melioris loci s[eJrvos numeratus, per sex annos servitium impendi, intervallo anni vel circiter dempto, quo ille ob fidei Catholicae constantem confessionem, sub dura custodia inhumane detentus, nullum Catholicum serv-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

8S

urn, nec ideo me ipsum, habere potuit; usque dum paulo liberiorem obtinens, me interea apud patrem moratum, tandem sibi denuo resumpsit, ac eo usque demum secum continuavit, quo plenam libe [rtat] em, vel saltern quantam optaverit, adeptus, ille rus ad proprium domum se contulerit, et ego summo eius favore ac liberalitate potitus, in iter ad hunc locum intenderim. quod post duas hebdomadas ingressus sum. atque haec educationis meae ratio est. Quantum ad annos quos natus, sum, respondeo viginti et septem esse, tanto praeterea adiecto tempore, quantum a decimo vel octavo Augusti ultimo praeterito, ad hunc usque diem intercesserunt. Materrium nomen Maria Haiuarda fuit. 2. Ad haec respondeo, condition em patris mei esse mediocrem, utpote quae non nobilis, sed mediae tantum sortis sit. eodem enim loco natus, quo ante rece[n]sui, parentibus indifferenter divitibus, trium filiorum natu minimus fuit, qui [q]uidem quicquid facultatis habet, ex ipsius meritut et laboribus, maiori ex parte sibi acquisi[vi]t. Viginti tribus annis Hattono inservit, licet anni dimidio dempto, per totum id tempus Reginae fuerit a satellitibus, qui ad suam personam sectando designati sunt: Sic enim voluit ipsa Regina, quae e[t] ei promisit, quodcunque servitium Hattono impenderetur ab eo, sibi [tam g]ratum ac ratum fore, ac si sibi ipsi fuisset impensum. Sicque hac ratione ab onere se[rviti]i solutus, percepto tamen Reginae stipendio hac immunitate vivente Hattono, atque eo etiam mortuo, praeter consuetudinem, usque nunc ut plurimum potitus est. At quoad eius statum, num dives sit vel non, respondeo non, quippe cuius facultates, pro maiore parte, ab ipsius vita pendentes, et cum eadem terminaturae sunt: nul1as omnino terras habet. Sed quid aliter habet pro sua voluntate posteris transferendum annuo valore sexaginta libras vel circiter attingit, sed post tres vel quatuor annos aliquantulum auctius futurum est. Ad meum autem statum quod attinet, inter quatuor eius filios natu maximus sum, [so]lusque Catholicus, qui cum hoc iter ingressurus essem, ultra septuaginta libias [in] manibus habens, sexaginta sex, cum tresdecim solidis et quatuor denariis, reposui, [ap]ud patrem Gamettum, ut eius auxilio transvectae in Belgium, meis in itinere usibus [d]eservirent. aliam etiam huic similem summam expecto, quam etiam pro mea voluntate disponendam, pater meus per syngrapham tenetur in die Sancti Thomae Apostoli sequenti, cuidam Domino Cansfeldo persolvere, qui acceptam, uti voluntas mea fuit, apud patrem Gamettum promisit se repositurum. Haec tota mei status conditio est. quatuor habeo sorores, quarum tres nuptae sunt. ac tantum natu maxima Catholica est, quam etiam maritus, cui nomen Beruicus, qui et ipse nobilis est, nuper secutus, Ecc1esiae Catholicae reconciliatus est. Reliquae cum patre schismaticae sunt. Maternum genus ut opinor, eiusdem sortis fuit cum paten1o. Haec originem e Walsinghamia Norfolciae duxit. duos dum illa vixit, fratres habuit, Iohannem Haiuardum et Guilielmum, .qui ambo ali quando Cantabrigiae studuerunt, et non male G


86

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

literati habentur. Iohannes tamen non adeo honesti nominis est, quippe qui et mordicus haereticus, et Minister coniugatus est qui idem et Londini vivit, et ibidem Ecc1esiae praeest, quae appellatur Sancta Maria Woolchurch. Alter per se in Norfolcia vivit, qui etiam haereticus est. Mater aliquando per multos annos Catholica vixerat, sed mortuo Hattono, prae timore relabens, quatuor fere de hinc annis, schismatica obiit. Nullos habeo propinquos eminentioris nominis, nec praeter sororem cum coniuge quenquam eorum catholicum. 3. Quantum ad hunc articulum, superius ei in prima responsione satisfactum censeo. 4. Ad hunc articulum responsum hoc est, quantum in memoriam revocare possum, me nunquam aliquo laborasse morbo, praeterquam ante octo abhinc annos, gravissima quadam febre, quae me durius quidem depresserit, et per duos pene annos possederit. Attamen ali quando licet rarius urget me dolor capitis vel dentium, qui tantum aliquot horarum est, et rarissime excedit eundem diem. Sed quantum ad animam, ex quo Catholicus factus sum, nullam, prout memini, aegritudinem sensi. 5. Respondeo quod ad vigesimum tertium aetatis meae annum, ex Schismatico Cathol[icus] effectus sum [e]t qua via, et per quem id factum fuerit, ut potuero, breviter exponam. sub hoc tempore in familia Domini Mountague inter multos Catholicos assidue v[er]sabar unus inter caeteros quicum maxime familiaris eram, saepe mecum sermones de Religione habuit, atque inc1inationem quandam suis rationibus in me genuit, quam ut compercitt mihi libros multos comparavit, quibus mihi plenius satisfacerem. Legi e[t] relegi plurimos maxime tamen qui a Rastello et Hardingo contra Iuellum s[c]ripti fuere et in nullo haerebam nisi aliquantulum in dec1inandis haereticorum ecc1esiis. Tandem hoc dubio ex animo plane deleto, ab eodem amico, cui nomen Guilielmus Coningsbaeus est, ad Dominum Winckfeldum sacerdotem, adductus, ab eodem Ecc1esiae Catholicae (Deo sic mei miserente) reconciliatus fui, Sabbatho infra octavas Corporis Christi anna ab eodem nato: 1596. Post tres annos, cum plurimos evolvissem de controversiis libros, magnam in me sensi inclinationem ad studia [qu]ae in dies apud me continuo crevit, at antequam [i]d mihi plene statutum fuit, apprehendi Platum de statu religioso, quo nondum perlecto, id p[enit]us decreveram (habito prius consilio cum patre Pulleno) si modo id obtinere po [ss] em, Deo me in religione dedere yelle. Hoc etiam Domino Archipresbytro patefeci, rogans ut in eo exequendo mihi foret auxilio. Scripsit ille in mei gratiam Patri Gametto, significans quid animi mihi inesset, et quid ab ilio petiissem. Pater Gar. responsum dedit, se bene gaudere de proposito meo, satius tamen sibi videri, ut quia a multa libertate devenissem, non statim in Religionem ingrederer propterea quod durius mihi visum foret, ad id non dum dispos[ito] , una cum religiosa observantia, tot continuos


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

87

annos studiis incumbere, qu[am]p[rius] ut in Collegio Anglicans ad id me disponerem. acquievi statim consilio eius, quod q uidem ideo libentius feci, quit tunc recens in [m]e hoc propositum fuit. et circa Natalem Domini initium cepit. Post hoc cum de omnibus ad it[er] [ne]cessariis atque etiam de nave nobis provisum esset, omnes qui simul transc[enden]di fuimus destinato loco et hora convenientes, inde Grausendiam deveheba[mur] decimo septimo die Maii, ubi sub militari nomine latitantes, et per totam hebdomadam ventum expectantes, septimo deinde die navem conscendimus, et decimo quarto ab illo, qui 1ulii quintus fuit, Callesium mane, vespere Sanctum Audomarum attigimus, quinque dierum mora in Camphirea Zelandiae prius facta, reliquis super mare insumptis. Hoc loco mansimus per sex septimanas, per quot etiam vel circiter morati sumus Bruxellis, at demum per totidem iter deinde ad Romam complevimus. 6. Respondeo propositum id mihi esse atque summum desiderium, dummodo facultas mihi concedatur, quam etiam humillime peto, in Collegii disciplinam intrandi, cuius me spero observantissimum fore: et etiam ad ecclesiasticam vitam agendam, prout Superioribus idoneus visus fuero; et ab eisdem de me dispositum fuerit. tt SUMMARY

[366] LANMAN Henry, son of Henry and Mary Hayward, born 8 or 10.8.1573 at Westhorpe Suffolk, his father's birthplace, where once lived Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk; was taken to London as an infant; when almost 7 went to live for 6 years with his uncle Roger Lanman at Moulton, Northants; at the end of his third year there was entrusted to Hooke, a distinguished Puritan of Northampton, to be taught Latin elements; was neglected by his teacher who was fully occupied preaching. Almost a year later went to the public school there, which was run by one Sanderson; recalled to Westhorpe by his father about 4 years later. Studied letters 2 further years, going each day to the nearby village of Bacton, where the schoolmaster was called Cul1am. Again recalled by his father, who now planned a career for him in Chancery, relying on his influence with the newly appointed Chancellor, Christopher Hatton, whom he had served for many years. Was recommended by Hatton to one Hawley, a clerk of the petty-bag office and J.P. of Middlesex. Spent one year with his father in Hatton's household, and 4 with Hawley; had to give up his plan owing to the successive deaths of Hatton and Hawley. After six months at home, joined the household of Viscount Montague. "I served him for 6 years, save for the interval of one year or thereabouts, during which he was kept most inhumanly in strict custody because of his constant confession of the Catholic faith. During this time he was unable to keep any Catholic servants, not even myself; but when his imprisonment was somewhat relaxed, he recalled me from my father's house, where I


88

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

had been living in the meantime. He kept me with him until he obtained full liberty (or as much as he desired), when he went to his house in the country. Then I, in the full enjoyment of his favour and generosity, turned my attention to my journey hither, which I commenced two weeks later." (The respondent's father was the youngest of three sons of not very rich middle class parents; he owes what wealth he possesses to his own merits. He served Hatton 23 years, except for half a year when he served as one of the Queen's personal bodyguard, at her own request. She also told him that she would treat his service to Hatton as service to herself; he continued therefore to receive a pension from her throughout Hatton's life and even for most of the time since his death. He is not however rich, since most of his income will cease at his death; he has no land. That part of his property which he will be able to bequeath is worth about ÂŁ60 a year, and will be worth slightly more after 3 or 4 years.) The respondent is the eldest, and only Catholic, son; when he began his present journey he had over ÂŁ70; he deposited ÂŁ66, 12 shillings and some pence with Fr. Garnett, to be transferred to Belgium for use when travelling. He awaits a similar sum, to be spent as he wishes, which his father has promised to pay to one Mr. Cansfield next St. Thomas's Day, for deposit with Fr. Garnett. He has 4 sisters, of whom 3 are married. (Only the eldest is a Catholic; she is married to a man named Berwick, who recently followed her into -.the Church. The others are schismatics.) (The respondent's mother came of a middle class family of Wals:ingham, Norfolk; she is now dead. She had two brothers, both !Cambridge graduates and well-lettered. One, John, is a violently neretical married parson, in charge of St. Mary Woo1church, London; the other, also a heretic, lives by himself in Norfolk. The respondent's mother lived as a Catholic for many years, but relapsed through fear when Hatton died; she remained a schismatic until her death 4 years ago.) The respondent has no other distinguished or Catholic kinsmen. Has never been ill, save for a serious fever 8 years ago, which lasted nearly 2 years; sometimes has headaches or toothache, rarely lasting more than a day. Converted from schism to Catholicism when 22 through discussion with William Coningsby, one of the many Catholics whom he met in the family of Lord Montague; read many books lent to him by this man, especially those written by Rastell and Harding against Jewell; hesitated only over the question of refusing to attend heretical churches; when convinced was introduced by Coningsby to Mr. Winkfield, a priest, who reconciled him on the Saturday within the Octave of Corpus Christi 1596. Three years later, having read many books of controversy, and feeling drawn to study, was very impressed by Jerome Platus' book on the religious state; decided, after consultation with Fr. Pullen, to become a religious. Asked help from the Archpriest, who wrote to


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

89

Fr. Garnett, who was pleased but thought it more prudent not to enter religion immediately after such an undisciplined life, but rather to dispose himself first in the English College. Agreeing, the respondent travelled with several companions to Gravesend on 17 May-it was at Christmas time that he had first felt a vocation -and waited with them seven days for a wind, passing themselves off as soldiers. Setting sail on the 7th day they reached Calais in the morning of the 14th day (5 July) and St. Omers in the evening of the same day, having delayed 5 days at Veere in Zeeland and having spent the rest of the time at sea. After six weeks at St. Omers and six at Brussels, they journeyed to Rome in six weeks. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 10 October 1600. [367J

CAROLUS WALDEGRAVUS.

N ono Octobris die anno Domini 1600 1. Paternum nomen est Carolus Waldegravus, meum idem, maternum vero Hieronyme Jerningham. Anni mei erintt novendecem in ipso die circumcision is proximo. Natus eram in villa quae appellatur COsSe in Norfolcia prope civitatem Nordoviei, in que privatis scholis ei loco propinquis educatus. Studui Cantabrigiae per duos annos, unde directe in Flandriam accessi, ubi addito simul huius itineris tempore dimidiam anni partem consumpsi. 2. Conditio et parentum et amicorum nobilis est, divitiaeque conditionibus respondentes, nullus eorum quod scio paupertate premitur, fratres et sorores sunt catholici omnes, cognatos habeo partim catholicos, partim haereticos. 3. Praecipua studia quibus operam dedi erant, logic a, et cosmo:" graphia, in eis autem parum progressum feci. 4. Huie capiti respondeo, quod ego (deo gratias) nunquam nec sensi, nee iam sentio aliquam aut corporis aut animae invalitudinem. 5. Schismatieus fui a pueritia usque ad Martii diem vigesimum primum, anno Domini 1600, tunc opera patris Fluddi, qui in seminario Hispaniae Anglicano presbiter fuit reconciliatus eram. In hoc vero negocio omnia mihi prospere succedebant, nec pro eo aliquid passus fui. ex Anglia cum uno socio veni, licentia transeundi marls a Dorobornii maiore per litteras impetrata, a quo loco ad civitatem Dowacensem recta via processimus, ubi prope anni aestatem ad octodecemt usque Augusti diem commoravimus, deinde vera pecuniam nobis a patre Baldwino traditam, quam ex Anglia receperat, et ab Archipresbitiret commendati, Romam directe prafecti fuimus. 6. De ecclesiastic a vita dieo me nulla ab huiusmodi vita aversionem habere, sed magnam inclinationem. tt SUMMARY

[367] WALDEGRAVE Charles, son of Charles and Jeromia Jerningham, 19 next Circumcision, born at Coss, near Norwich and educated


90

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

in nearby private schools; studied logic and cosmography at Cambridge with little progress; spent six months in Flanders and journeying hither. Son of noble and rich family, partly Catholic and partly heretical; has brothers and sisters, all Catholics. A schismatic until 21 March 1600 when he was reconciled by Fr. Floyd, a priest of the English seminary in Spain. Left England with one companion, having obtained licence to cross the seas from the mayor of Dover; waited at Douai until 18 August; left for Rome with letters from the Archpriest and money from England passed on by Fr. Baldwin. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 9 October 1600.

[368J

THOMAS HODSON:

1600: 30. die Octobris. 1. Thomas Hodsonus filius Guilielmi Hodsoni, et Agnetis uxoris eius Natus annos 38 in Comitatu staffordiae. In paterna domo per aliquot annos educatus. Multis in locis, ita enim ob multiplicem commoditatem instituebant parentes, literis operam dedi. Primo nimirum in villa leigh, quae vulgo Lee appellatur, parum distante a loco Natali. Tum in oppido insigniori Uttaxator nuncupato, vulgo Utcetor, tribus milliaribus a paternis sedibus elongato. Rursus domum revocatus, secundum arbitrium parentum, allis atque aliis in scholis rei literariae incubui, scilicet Leighae, Chechiae, Sulfordiae, Dilthorpiae[?J, qui praefati Comitatus pagi sunt; Congertonae in Comitatu Chestriae: Darbiae, quaâ&#x201A;Ź. illius Comitatus Metropolis est, a quo loco discessi (in quantum coniectura assequi possim) circiter aetatis annum decimum sextum, deine Oxoniae in Aula Glocestrensi septemdecim annorum spatio plus minusve studui; Postremo praenobilis devotissimaeque viduae Dominae Elizabethae Lane rogatu inde avocatus, filii sui Domini Eduardi Harrowdon indolis praeclarae magnaeque spei adolescentuli, meae fidei a matre commissi, literis imbuendi, una cum reliquis fratribus et sororibus curam in me suscepi. Quod quidem munus annorum duorum quatuorque mensium spatio, administravi, quo e loco divino auxilio huc, meipsum dec consecrandi proposito, tandem sum appulsus. 2. Sum artium magister, et in medicina licentiatus. Parentes plebei sunt, non pauperes, nec admodum ditescunt, verum satis divitiarum eis suppetit, un de pro conditione sua et se, et suos, honeste alant, ac sustentent. Omnes consanguinitate vel affinitate mihi coniuncti, eadem ni fallor, sorte vivunt: exceptis tribus quatuorve, quibuscum nulla mihi intercessit familiaritas, qui mediae sortis sunt, atque ut opinor valde opulenti; et duobus, pluribus paucioribusve, qui pauperes sunt. Horum neminem catholicum esse existimo, nisi forte eorum unus aut alter (quod tamen me latet) nuperrime in ecclesiam divina clementia sit receptus. maior eorum pars, praesertim parentes, fratres, sorores, allique mihi coniunctiores, sunt (ut arbitror) schismatici, vel saltern a catholica fide parum


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

91

alieni, reliqui (ni fallor) haeretici sunt. Verum si absolute de amicis quaestio proponatur, praecipui catholici sunt, et nobiles, vel mediae sortis. Eos iam accipiendos esse volo, in quorum familiis diutius commoratus sum, vel quibuscum familiariter vixi, quamvis huius posterioris generis haud pauci schismatici sunt. 3. Artium liberalium studiis Oxoniae operam dedi, praesertim Astronomiae, et Astrologiae iudiciariae, in qua multum versatus. Non tanta diligentia caeteras pervolvi: Unde neque recte procedendi satis attendebam ordini; neque inter legendum de rebus ipsis iudicium adhibui accuratum; Quare ex illis minorem, quam par sit, fructuin percepi. In studio linguae Hebraicae, et graecae, atque etiam in musices facultate paululum insumpsi temporis, verum in harum singulis minimos progressus feci: Per aliquot annos in re medica operam posui. Quam ob rem a regio Profess ore approbatus et Commendatus, Academia licentiam in eadem facultate per universam Angliam practicandi concessit, atque in huius rei testimonium literis patentibus sigillum universitatis apposuit. Nihilominus quia parti speculativae eousque magis intentus parum me experientia pollere animadvertebam, atque illud negotium, ex quo multorum non solum sanitas, sed etiam vita dependebat, nullo pacto temere esset aggrediendum, longe consultius esse in animum inducebam meum, ad praxim non descendere, prius quam annum unum aut alterum in domo alicuius medici, maxime ob curandi peritiam celebrem, transigissem, atque singulis ab illos peragendis curationibus interfuissem: ut sic tandem vario rerum eventu experientiaque satis edoctus, ad morbos proprio marte in posterum extirpandos tutius accingerer. Verum ad alios bonis literis informandos conversa vitae ratione, horum neutrum praestiti. 4. Ventriculus paulo imbecillior est, et alimenta durae concoctionis aegrius confi.cit, ad intemperiem siquidem humidam et frigidam declinat, unde flatus, rheuma, et cruda pituita facile generantur. Caput per consensum (aliunde a ventrkul0 nimirum sibi communicato malo) quando que afficitur. Quo tempore animalis vis non adeo viget, torpor levis obrepit, actiones que obeundae lentius procedunt. verum totum hoc, quicquid est incommodi, corporis exercitatione tempestive adhibita certo profligatur, praesertim si motus aliquantulum vehementior accesserit, quo et calor affluentior ad discrasiam corrigendam exsuscitetur, et proventus si quis sit superfluitatam, extemetur, dissipetur, egeratur. Porro huic rei plurimum (ut spero) adminiculi calidior adeoque contraria, qualis plerumque hie habetur, conferet Aeris Constitutio. Victum tenuem, aliaquae non satis firmae valetudinis subsidia, cuiusmodi non pauca suppeditabit praesens vitae status, de industria praetereo. Renibus immodieus calor infestus, proinde fomentorum copiam respuunt, iureque vestitum expetunt simpliciorem, vel potius diploidem retro iuxta costas utrinque rimis dehiscentem. Nuper supervaeanea quandoque mentem urget anxietas, quam tamen divina gratia fretus, me non multa diffieultate superare posse non dubito. Bis in vita seminis


92

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ut opinor profluvium passus sum; quem quidem affectum praecipue ab acrimonia humorum hepate et renibus supercalefactorum, in vasa seminaria decumbentium, vimque expultricem mordaci ac pungenti qualitate ad excretion em irritantium, ortum suum duxisse, ego cum aliis medicis coniiciebam. Tribus quatuorve vicibus aegrotavi febribus correptus. semel colic a passio a spiritu (ut reor) flatuoso exorta, acerbius affligebat. Dentium etiam oculorumque doloribus laboravi. verum universa quae dicta sunt huc reciduntt (ut singula sincere paucis complectar) Cruditati obnoxius est ventriculus, indeque ad leviter compatiendum (quod tamen perraro fit) paululum propensum est caput. Renum valetudinem tuetur, quoad fieri potest, indumentorum paucitas. 5. Circiter aetatis annum decimum sextum cum dimidio schismatici quidemt mei familiares haereticorum dogmata, me interea ex ignorantia mera propugnante, argumentis refellebant, eorundemque falsitatem liquido demonstrabant. unde veritate convictus continuo illis totidem annis (quamvis interim amici quidam catholici ad ecclesiae unitatem me redigere vicibus quibusdam conabantur) adhaerebam; donec conversione propemodum miraculosa duobus iam fere abhinc annis divina bonitate (salutis cupidorum precipua gratia eius implorata) et patrum quo run dam Societatis Iesu opera, a deplorando ilio longeque miserrimo vitae statu in Ecclesiam catholicam eram susceptus. Tota autem conversionis ratio huiusmodi fuit. In vigilia Nativitatis domini quidam pater Societatis, quo cum convictus necessitudinem conciliaverat haud vulgarem, qui que lucrandarum animarum erat studiosissimus, instanter urgebat, quo me a manifesto aetemae submersionis periculo liberatum in Arcam Noe benigne exciperet; cuius saluberrimo consilio ita male sanus restiti, ut tan tum moram curationis aucupari contenderem, adeoque ¡conversionem protraherem, donec condicio vitae maturo iudicio suffulta foret satis constabilita. Quarum opinioni praeconceptae parum considerate innixus, re a se omnino inconfecta, post salutationem ultro citroque habitam, tandem lectum petebam. Cum ecce admirandam, stupendam, ineffabilem dei pietatem, qua non dico ne cogitanti quidem, multo minus exoptanti, verum etiam dormienti ultro aetema beatitudo liberalissime offertur, et quasi importuniua obtruditur. Post unam quippe aut alteram horam ab ilio tempore, quo primum supervenerat somnus, gravis certe corporis, longe vero gravissimus animae sopor discutitur, solutaque vincula sunt quibus utraque arctissime constrict a captiva tenebatur, necnon immensa dei misericordia mens intemo lumine efficaciter perfusa est. Propriae etenim miseriae, deique erga me amoris, atque eorum quae praecipue circa salvatoris nostri plusquam benignissimi nativitatem, humilitatis scilicet, paupertatis, et charitatis, sese offerebant meditation is puncta, diutius insist ens contemplationi; delicta mea, meamque (proh dolor) ingratitudinem maximam, obortis lachrimis, singultibus, et suspiriis deflebam. Tandem vero, ne fervor ilie divinitus infusus, procrastinatione defervescendo, paulatim conta-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

93

besceret, impense pertimescens; morae impatiens e lecto protinus desiliens, arrepta toga, illico ad religiosissimum sacerdotem, pietatis pene dixeram et devotionis horum temporum miraculum quoddam, patrem scilicet Gerardum (qui divina providentia una cum alio praefato patre in eadem domo tunc temp oris aderat) gressum accelerabam: Ad cuius pedes provolutus, prae doloris magnitudine vix in haec verba vocem resolvo. Veni eum adoraturus, qui pro me in vili stabulo nasci non dedignatus est, dixique me desiderare catholicum fieri; ille deo gratias agens, verbaque pro more suo consolationis plena subiungens, summa cum charitate ac humanitate me amplexus est. Atque praemissa, prout paenitentiae sacramentum iure exigit, debita praeparatione et confessione (hac enim in historia describenda universas fere rerum circumstantias, brevitatis causa, rescindere decrevi) catholicorum numero me mea magno cum gaudio faelicissime adiunxit, Cuius postea consuetudine, consilio, et ductu, usque ad tempus egressus a patria, et in ipso etiam exitu usus sum. Ab imminentibus periculis, adversariorumque insidiis iterum atque iterum divina gratia ereptus, pro catholica causa ali quid pati, adhuc omnino indignus extiti. Ex Anglia clanculum, sub habitu tamen medici, discessi. Quod si in itinere ipso in persecutorurn manus incidissem, admodum reverendi mei spiritualis patris monita secutus, arti medicae (subintelligendo spiritualem) in regionibus hisce transmarinis me operam navare constituisse respondissem. 6. Quod a principio semper apud me sancitum fuit, Admodum Reverendi Patris Rectoris authoritati me omnino submitto, eiusque dispositioni, ductui, et beneplacito totum me trado: Atque solius religion is causa me meos meaque omnia reliquisse, quo liberius meipsum dei famulatui penitus consecrarem, profiteor: meque nihil in votis magis habere deum obtestor, quam ut misericors dominus noster vitam meam sibi suo que dumtaxat servitio pro nimia sua munificentia dicaret, dicatamque tanta tamque sublimi tt vocatione dignam redderet. SUMMARY

[368J HODGSON Thomas, 38 son of William and Agnes his wife, born in Staffordshire, brought up for some years at home; studied letters at Leigh, Uttoxeter (3 miles from his father's house), Leigh again, Checkley, Fulford, Dilhome (all in Staffs); at Congleton in Cheshire, and Derby; when about 16 went to Gloucester Hall, Oxford, where he studied about 17 years; later became tutor to Edward Harrowden and the other children of the noble widow Elizabeth Lane; after 2 years and 4 months of this started for Rome. Is Master of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine. (The respondent's parents are plebeian but fairly rich; so is the rest of his family except for three or four rich middle-class members and two paupers ; none of them are Catholics unless they have recently been reconciled;


94

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

dose kinsmen are schismatics, others are heretics.) Has lived mainly with noble or middle-class Catholics or schismatics. Studied liberal arts at Oxford, attending mainly to astronomy and judicial astrology; spent some time on Hebrew, Greek, and music; devoted several years to medicine. Was approved by the Regius Professor and obtained letters patent from the University giving him the right to practice throughout England; did not wish to go into practice without acquiring experience first; turned finally to other studies. Describes, with a wealth of contemporary medical terms, how his stomach is weakened by an excess of cold and wet humours ; how his head suffers from sympathetic pains; how his animal forces tend to sluggishness; how his distemper is offset and his superfluities voided by exercise or warm weather; how his loins are allergic to excessive heat and demand a doublet open at each side; how and why he has suffered twice from spermatorrhoea, thrice from fever, once from colic, and often from toothache and pains in the eyes. Was converted from heresy by schismatic friends when about 16; in spite of persuasions of Catholics remained schismatic until almost miraculous conversion 2 years ago. On Christmas Eve was urged to join the Church by a Jesuit companion; but determined to put off his conversion until his career was sufficiently established. Awoke converted after one hour's sleep; leapt from bed, snatched his cloak, rushed to see Fr. Gerard, who was staying in the same house, and cried "I have come to adore Him who was born for me in a stable: I want to be a Catholic". Was warmly embraced by Gerard, and reconciled to the Church after preparation and confession. While in England, treated Gerard as his spiritual father. Has escaped many dangers but has never suffered for the faith; escaped from England disguised as a doctor. "If I had fallen into the hands of my persecutors on my journey, I would have saidfollowing the advice of my spiritual father-that I had decided to devote myself to medicine overseas, meaning secretly 'spiritual medicine'." Desires to serve God. 30 October 1600. [369J

THOMAS KEMYS

decimo die Octobris 1600 1. Paternum nomen erat Iohannes Kemys, Matemum lana Courtney, Meum nomen est Thomas Kemys. Natus eram Anno Domini 1575, Cucklingtoniae, villa in Comitatu Somerset in diocaesi Bath et Wells. Oxoniam miserunt me parentes studii causa ubi commoratus sum per spatium fere quinque annorum. tunc moriente patre, ab accademia Londinum me contuli; ubi in civitate in novo hospitio, et in hospitio Leonis tres annos consumpsi. 2. Condicio mea incerta est; siquidem dependet ex benevolentia et liberalitate cognatorum quorundam et matris meae, quae etsi non sit dives satis tamen habet ad comparanda sibi ipsi necessaria et si opus fuerit ad sublevandas meas necessitates. Amici cognatique


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

95

sunt mihi quamplurimi inter quos sunt isti, Richardus Courtney Cornubiensis, qui et nobilis est hic est armiger et dives, et schismaticus; Henricus Courtney Cornubiensis nobilis et armiger, dives et haereticus. Thomas Arundle Cornubiensis armiger item catholicus et (quantum accepi) dives. Cognatos catholicos habeo plurimos inter quos sunt Reverendus pater pater Coffinus, Nicholaus Roscarrycke homines sancti et nobiles. Nullus frater, nulla soror mihi unquam erato 3. Praecipue et maxime in Rhetoricae studio versatus fui: in Dialectica parum laboravi: in utrisque parvos progressus feci. 4. Non minima aegritudine, animam unquam fuisse affectam, memini: neque ullo gravi morbo laborasse corpus in memoria habeo: (ob quas ingentes gratias habeo Deo omnipotenti.) 5. A pueritia usque ad tempus reconciliationis meae in Catholicam ecclesiam semper eram schismaticus nisi per spatium duorum fere annorum, cum vixerim Oxoniae Tunc¡enim haereticos quosdam J ewelli libros legendo vacillare caepit mea fides, donec in librum quemdam incidissem, quem scripsit egregius Dominus Doctor Dominus Hardingus, quem simul ac legissem, Protestantium Anglicanorum fidem aut nullam esse, aut totam ex mendaciis esse consutam, mihi velluce clarius apparuit, et nullam aliam ecc1esiam praeter Romanam posse esse veram et catholicam. Atque huius ecclesiae membrum factus eram opera et industria Reverendi patris Wrighte a quo eram reconciliatus quinto die Iulii Anno Domini 1599: pro qua ecclesia nihil omnino sum passus. De Anglia Romam me misit Reverendus Pater Pater Blunte presbiter qui etiam literas mihi dedit praefecto civitatis Dorobrini tradendas miss as ab Edmundo Morris praefecti cognato, in quibus ab eo petiit ut me cum socio navem ibi ascendere permitteret, propterea quod Parisiensem urbem in Gallia et non ultra profecturi fuimus. Hoc modo et hisce praecipuis mediis (additis pro literis 3 aut 4 aureis) Angliam reliqui Caletum appuli et Romam venL 6. Avide sane cupio et summo desiderio teneor ecc1esiasticam vitam degendi ; ut ita patriam ab ea qua laborat haeresi liberare pro tt virili conarer. SUMMARY

[369J KEMYS Thomas, son of Thomas a:nd Jane Courtney, born 1575 at Cucklington, Somerset; sent by parents to study at Oxford 5 years; on death of his father left the University and spent 3 years in New Inn and Lyon's Inn at London. Is dependent on the generosity of his kinsfolk, and especially of his mother who, though not rich, has enough money to provide for his needs as well as for her own. Is related to Richard Courtney of Cornwall (noble, armigerous, rich and schismatic), to Henry Courtney of Cornwall (noble, armigerous, rich and heretical), to Thomas Arundel of Cornwall (armigerous, Catholic and allegedly rich), to Father Coffin, and to Nicholas Roscarrock (noble and holy). Has never had brothers or sisters.


96

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Studied mainly rhetoric, and some dialectic; with little progress in either. Healthy. From childhood to reconciliation was a schismatic, save for two years at Oxford when his faith was disturbed by reading Jewell's books; on reading Harding discovered that the faith of Anglicans was full of lies, and that only the Roman church was true and Catholic. Was reconciled 5 July 1599 by Fr. Wright; was sent to Rome by Fr. Blount, who gave him letters to the mayor of Dover from his cousin Edmund Morris, asking permission for respondent and friend to embark since they were going no further than Paris. With the aid of this letter, which cost 3 or 4 gold crowns, he left England, reached Calais, and came on to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 10 October 1600. [370]

IOANNES BROWNE

N ovemb: 6. Anno: Miliesimo 1600 1. Nomen mihi verum est IoannesBrowne. aetatissuntcercitert duo et viginti anni. locus nativitatis est quoddam oppidum in Comitatu Lincolniensi quod dicitur Luda. educatio mea semper fuit schola grammatic a et musica studui semper in eodem oppido solum quod ad humanitatem spectat: Cantabrigiae fui, et ibi progrediendum studiis mihi fuit, ubi erne rat locum mihi pater in collegia Maudlenae a Gulielmo Wray equite, qui quoniam promissum cum patre non servaret, Cantabrigia decessi et omnia mea studia reliqui, per spatium trium vel quatuor annorum: in quo tempore secundum placitum meum vixi, aliquando cum patre permanerem, aliquando cum isto amico, aliquando cum ilio, donec quidam mihi cognatus accersivit me ad serviendum dominum meum Wilioghbie Barwick, ubi credidi ego militiam me aliquam visurum, et quoniam frustratus fui, impetravi ab eodem domino Willoghby commendationem suam Flandriam ad Eduerdum Norris equitem cuiusdam illic oppidi gubematorem maximo desiderio belli sequendi; ubi cum quiete per quatuor menses vixeram, et militiae nullam disciplinam potui impetrare, Angliam redii rursum, et amicos meos regione ubi natus adibam ubi et cum quibus turbato animo vivens, nescio quo modo vitam negligere caepi. 2. Conditio mea est ut supra dixi : modo haeres sum parentis mei parentes generosi sunt et semper ex terris suis vixerunt: annuus reditus parentis mei terrae quatuorcentumt libras valebat, maxima cuius parte consumpta ex parte relicta ut pauper generosus vivit. Fratres habeo tres parvulos, sororem unam, cognatos quamplurimos, quosdam pauperes, quosdam divites: omnes vero una cum parentibus haeretici sunt, sola una mihi cognata fuit catholica, quae iam mortua. 3. Studium mihi praecipuum fuit lingua latina et ars music a in quarum una (nempe lingua latina) progressum feci donec paratus, ad dialecticam studiendam, quam simul cum greca[?] lingua per demidium t anni perlegi. 4. Valetudo corporis mei semper fuit bona: perturbatus solum


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

97

fui cum quadam febre circiter sexties in tota vita: iam vero non plane recuperatus de quodam fluxu. animae autem aegritudo nimirum varia, semper enim aegrotat ad bona opera: et praecipue dedita est solitudini 5. Vocatio prima mihi fuit hoc modo. Ante dixi; me vitam negligere et male contentum nescio quo modo vixisse. perturbatio autem animi pertulit me in cogitationem meiipsius et iniquitatis meae adeo uti aliquando vehemens esset mihi desiderium omnia mundana relinquere, et sola divina in honorem dei cogitar~, et ad hanc rem perficiendam, eremitae vitam aptissimam sensi, de religione nil cogitans: mecum autem quaesivi quinam locus aptissimus in tota Anglia ad hoc propositum, facillime perspexi nul1um fuisse: nunc taedium caepi de tota religione Angliae, et religionem nul1am novi: interim sorte confabulatus fui cum quodam amico schismatico de religione, qui mihi librum antiquum ostendit (quantum teneo) Sancti Augustini, ubi dicitur de igne gehennae, et de alio igne, interrogavit me, amicus quinam iste alius ignis, responsum ignorabam: antiquitatem cogitavi libri, et indubiam confirmationem purgatorii. multum molestum fuit, et tandem laboravi Galliam proficscit ut catholicus factus essem (persuasum enim habui veram fuisse fidem) et inter agendum littore navim ascensurus, per quosdam[?] ad eandem rem institutos captus fui: in carcere ibi foedissimo per tres vel quatuor dies detentus, adeo uti moriturum credidi prae loci squalore. Inde perduxerunt me Londinum coram domino Cobham, qui post longam examinationem utrum sacerdos, utrum litteras a Domina Muntague, vel ab Alexandro Coolpepper aequitet Galliam perfer end as acceperam, cum multis aliis quae omnia denegavi mandavit me una cum examinatione, coram domino Thesaurario perferri; qui postquam confessionem perscrutasset, mandav[it] me ad carcerem, ubi opera patris Bamebie, et cuiusdam patris Singleton sacerdotum fide catholic a confirmatus fui, et desiderans confession em dare et veram confirmationem accipere, consiluitt me ipse[?] pater Singleton, non sic facerem donec liberatus: pro maximo periculo vitae, si enim semel me invenissent catholicum, (in conscientia et iusiurando) suspensus fuissem; partim quod tempore periculoso captus, partim quod eodem tempore ad domos praedictorum dominae Muntague, et Alexandri Coolpepper permansi, qui ambo catholici sunt, quamplurimis autem aliis adhibitis nulla vitae fuisset expectatio. Carcere isto quod dicitur Marshalseys per demidium t cercitert anni permansi, ubi gravissime tractatus fui, a quo loco quid am amicus liberavit me obligatione centum librarum, quod apparitionem ipse facerem ubicunque vocatus essem viginti diebus: cum liberatus fui, navigavi Hol1andiam nomine militis, et ibi per unum mensem sub duce quodam servire coactus fui, donec opportunitatem invenirem huc effugiendi: quam cum inveni magno cum periculo vitae aufugi. 6. Propositum et desiderium ambo beneplacitum reverentiae


98

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tuae expectant: ipse enim propositum et desiderium ad ordines ecclesiasticos teneo, libentissime autem meiipsius si modo aequum dignitati tuae videatur periculum facerem. tt SUMMARY

[370J BROWNE John, c. 22 born at Louth, Lincolnshire. "My education was always the grammar school and music I studied always in the same town only what concerns the humanities: I was at Cambridge and there I should have continued with my studies, where my father had bought me a place in Magdalene College from Sir William Wray, but as he did not keep his promise with my father I left Cambridge and gave up all my studies for 3 or 4 years." Lived during this period partly with his father and partly with friends; summoned then to serve Mr. Willoughby Berwick. Was anxious to serve as a soldier; being dissapointed in this hope obtained a recommendation from Berwick to Sir Edward Norris, governor of a town in Flanders; was again disappointed and returned to England after 4 quiet months. Next lived idly with his family near his birthplace. Is son and heir to gentry who have always lived on their estates. (His father had ÂŁ400 a year but now lives as a poor gentleman.) Has 3 small brothers, 1 sister, many kinsmen both poor and rich; all heretics except for one Catholic kinswoman now dead. Studied mainly Latin and music, and for half a year dialectic and Greek. Healthy, save for fever 6 times during life, and a flux not yet cured. Is fond of solitude. Tiring of idleness, and repenting of his sins, he decided to leave the world and become a hermit, but not for any religious motive; seeing that there was no place in England suitable for such a life, he tired of Anglicanism and gave up religion altogether. During a conversation with a schismatic friend he was shown a book of St. Augustine which mentioned another fire besides the fire of Hell; taking this as a confirmation of the doctrine of purgatory, he became convinced of the truth of Catholicism. Decided to go to France but was captured while waiting on the shore, and was placed for 3 or 4 days in a prison of lethal squalor; was taken to London and examined by Lord Cobham to see whether he was a priest or was carrying letters to France from Lady Montague or Sir Alexander Culpeper; on his denial was sent before the Treasurer, who sent him to the Marshalsea, where he was confirmed in his faith by Frs Barneby and Singleton; was advised by the latter not to be reconciled before his release, on the grounds that, having been captured at a dangerous time, and being a former guest of L. Montague and Sir Alexander Culpeper, both Catholics, he would certainly be hanged if he was discovered to be a Catholic. Was released after 6 months ill-treatment in this prison on a friend's going surety for ÂŁ100 for his appearance within 20 days of any summons. Sailed at once to Holland as a soldier; was forced to serve under a general for a month; escaped hither with great risk to life. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 6 November 1600


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

99

[371J 1. Respondeo, verum Nomen esse Hugonem Andertonum, filium secundum Iacobi Andertoni de Comitatu Lancastriae Armigeri, natum ibi in domo Paterna appellata Clatonia, et educatum prope, in Scholis gramaticis usque ad annum aetatis 14 tu m. lam vero circiter 22, vel 23 annos natum. 2. Parentes esse nobiles; habere 3 fratres, et 2 Sorores; Hos omnes, plurimosque Cognatos esse Schismaticos; paucos vero Catholicos. 3. me, (quando annum aetatis 15 tum egerim) studendi causa Acadeiniam Oxon. profectum; ubi circa 17 menses studui, usque dum morbo languenti laborarem : Ob quam causam, valitudinist, et sanitatis recuperandae gratia, consilio doctorum, ad propriam Patriam me contuli; un de intra spatium unius anni sanatus, Londinum veni, et in Hospitio Graio collocatus fui, ut Iurisprudentiae studiis incumberem. In quibus per totos sex annos, nulium, vel satis parvum progressum feci. 4. me bene animo, et corpore valere; tantumodot Anhelitum quendam, prae nimia pulmonum angustia, in omni motu violento sentire. s. me semper fuisse Schismaticum usque ad festum Sancti Georgii hoc anno I ubilei: Quando divina gratia, et opera Patris Blunti Catholicus factus fui. Cuius consilio, et patris Gilberti Gererdi, motu vero proprio, religionis, et studio rum gratia, circa quatuor ab hinc menses Romam profecturus, Angliam reliqui. tt 6. me esse cupidum agere vitam Ecclesiasticam. SUMMARY [371J ANDERTON Hugh, 22 or 23, second son of James Esq. of Lancashire, born in his father's house at Clayton and educated in nearby grammar schools until 13. Son of noble parents, has two brothers and 3 sisters, all schismatic, like the majority of his kinsfolk except a few Catholics. When 14 went to Oxford, studied 17 months; was then advised by doctors to return home on account of a languishing disease, was cured within a year and then studied jurisprudence for six years at Gray's Inn with little or no progress. Healthy now, except that violent movement causes him to pant, owing to the narrowness of his lungs. Was a schismatic until 23 April 1600, when reconciled by Fr Blount; left England for Rome on the advice of Blount and Fr Gilbert Gerard. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1601 [372J

1.

CAROLUS YELVERTON 14 Octobris 1601 CAROLUS YELVERTON Sum filius Humfredi et Elizabeth Y de Bawsie[?J in Comitatu


100

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Norfolciae, arlnOS natus 23, puerili aetate in Lynn Regis Grammaticae rudiment a a praeceptore Domino Iuory accepi. Postea in Academia Cantabrigiensi per sex annos literis animum applicui post gradum primum susceptum Ruri tres vel quatuor annos egi. aliquot menses in Patrui Edwardi Y domo qui tunc temporis erat in villa dicta Wolverton. deinde in domum alteram eiusdem Patrui prope Norvicum me contuli ubi unum vel alterum annum permansi. Inde persecutione remotus in Suffolciam Primo in Scotts in domo Domini Antonii Bedinfeld aliquot septimanas consumpsi postquam vero ipsum timore perculsum vidi ad Winson in domo cuiusdam medici me contuli per tres menses me eius opera indigentem simulans deinde Ad domum domini Ioannis Bedinfeld de Redlingfeld profectus sum ibique mansi per unum annum integrum. Cumque nebulas omnes dispersas et causam timoris remotam vidissem in lucem prodiebam tum Dominus Thomas Cornwallies miles Auratus pro me misit et a me ut secum commorarer petiit quocum breviarum singulis diebus per tres vel 4 menses continuos repetebam Cui in principio adventus mei institutum meum dixi & quo tendere vellem, Sicque negotiis meis expeditis statim a pascate Londini accessi. 2. Parentes erant Nobiles sive ut vulgo dicunt generosi quibus non erat rerum magna copia nee inopia. Quinquaginta enim libras ex annis reditibus expendere potuere. Quibus utrisque vita defunctis supererant eorum patres Alter enim meus Avus (cui nomen est Franciscus Bastard) iam (ut per 40 etiam annos fuit) Catholicus est De altero Avo non multa de eius religione proferre possum tantum Armiger erat praedives erat scismaticus etiam erato Utrique Avo 20 liberi erant e quibus vix 20 vidi Pater meus utcumque vixit in gremio ecc1esiae (ut saepius dixit mihi Patruus Edwardus Y) mortuus est. Patris Sorores duae adhuc vivunt quarum altera coniux Domini Philippi Woodhowse equitis aurati altera vidua Roberti Lumner. utraeque erant Catholicae sed altera propter mariti insaniam qua in uxorem saepenumero debacchari solet nuper e sinu ecc1esiae est elapsa. Altera Soror patris, in virum habuit, Dominum Higham in Suff. nobilem altera Hawkins cuius filii (ut accepi) Londini agunt. Patri frat res quando in Norfolcia novissime essem fuere quinque. Quorum maximus natu Armiger erat et 800 vel 900 libras per annum expendere potuit patrimoniis ac dotibus iunioribus liberis datis. Secundus, Patris frater Iudex est et 1000 libras annuatim potest expendere. Tertius qui dicitur Eduardus (quique solus e quinque catholicus est) 300 libras. Alter 100 libras alter 50 libras (si istis duobus ultimis patrimonia ab avo relicta salva sint) expendere potest. quem postremo posui Reginae pencionarius est. Matri tres fratres supersunt. Quorum unus Iurisconsultus et dives est duo alteri matris fratres Catholici sunt, alter uxoratus alter Duaci studens. Cognatos habeo Dominum Ioannem Townsannd equitem Auratum Dominum Carolum Cornwalleis arroigerum et alios quam plurimos. fratrem unicum habeo qui Nobili viro Domino Morleis famulatur, et est Catholicus. Soror


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

101

mea unica cuidam diviti nupta est. et est haeretica 3. Post 14 m aetatis transactum annum Avunculus me parentibus orbatum ad Cantabrigiam misit ubi sub doctore Perce sex annos consumpsi studium certum mihi nullum proposui aliquando studiis humanitatis aliquando philosophiae memet composui et ut moris est ubi que esse aliquando graecus statim vero haebraeus esse cupiebam. In artibus Bacchelaureust fui et factus Catholic us Academiae valedicebam. 4. Ingenue profiteor me non valetudinarium esse per decennium nisi quod post Itinera aliquando caput mihi dolebat et per quatuor vel quinque dies semel forsan in anna de febre laboravi 5. Haereticus fui, imprimis que mihi displicuit heretica opinio quia inter se non consentiebant tunc enim temp oris de libero arbitrio vel de fide an amitti potuerit &c ultro citro que disputabant. Calvini Institutiones legi qui liber de rebus tunc in controversia actis minime mihi satisfaciebat incidit in manus meas de contemptu mundi libellus: un de de nostris Castitatem pauperlatem & obedientiam exterminantibus multum mecum querebar. amicos visitandi causa in Norfo1ciam concessi ubi Deo sic disponente Patruus meus Eduardus Y obviarn mihi veniebat, qui me nolentem volentem ad suam domum invitavit. in itinere nostro de rebus academicis sciscitabatur in eius domo multos libros de controversia agentes inveni quos mihi in mutuum dedit, mihique discedenti librum meditationum accomodavit post aliquot menses ad Academiam reversus enchiridion controversiarum ibi emebarn post unum vel alterum mensem templum prophanatum frequentavi ubi maximo pudore suffundebar in animum meum inducens quod singulus sive notus sive ignotus me diredebatt quod haeresim simulabam cum secundum conscientiam essem catholicus tunc timor mortis me domi reverlentern excruciebat nusquam pacato animo eram fratrem Cantabrigiae reliqui & iterum ad Patruum consulendi causa redivi qui summa cum humanitate summo gaudio in suam do mum me recepit hic inquit manebis usque ad placitum tunc post unum mensem Ad Patrem Edmunds l brumali tempore intendebam, non adhuc 5 menses erant elapsi quin fama inter arnicos me me nesciente Catholicum esse me vel Hispaniae vel Romae esse percrebuit: pecuniae gratia ad ipsos concessi qui in me iurgia quod Locum academicum reliquissem proiiciebant A caeteris ibidem salutatus fui & post 4 vel 5 dies Literae pseudoepiscopi Norwicensis mei capiendi causa emissae erant ; post partam pecuniam me domi (quae satis tuta erat) recepi post discessum meum vicecomitis ministri ad me capiendum Patrui cuiusdam mei do mum scrutabantur. De his vero praemonitus erarn per 7 aut 8 menses secedebam. expediendi negotia causa iterum amicos salutavi benigneque susceptus post spatium aliquod Pater Eduardus Walpole Dominus Gardiner in Norfolciam venere statimque Iusticiarii omnes domus catholicorum literis hanc ob J

" Ad Wisbith" erased. H


102

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

causam a concillo missis perscrutabantur Patruus incarceratus erat & pro me per Norfolciam totam et Suffolciam perscrutabantur existimantes quod me capto sacerdotes ipsi apprehenderentur cito. tunc unum et alterum locum in quo secure viverem eligebam postremo Romam versus iter instituens in cymba captus cum 13 aliis & per 6 hebdomadas incarceratus demum pecuniae gratia liberatus, & eodem modo literis testimonialibus a Pretore Dorobernii comparatis & sic divino auxilio huc tandem perveni. 6. A principio conversionis meae ad huiusmodi statum vitae mecum decrevi, & ad honorem dei propagationemque ecclesiae in patria mea, pro virili meo laborare, huncque ad finem disciplinam collegii quamcumque observare. SUMMARY

[372J YELVERTON Charles, 23, son of Humphrey and Elizabeth, of Bawsie, Norfolk; learnt grammar as a child from Mr. Ivory at King's Lynn; spent six years at Cambridge; B.A.; lived some months with his uncle Edward Yelverton, then of Wolverton, and a further year or two with another uncle near Norwich. Moving to Suffolk because of persecution lived some weeks in the house of Antony Bedingfeld at Scotts; .seeing the alarm of his host he moved to the house of a doctor at Winston, where he remained for three months under pretence of needing treatment; spent a final year at the house of John Bedingfeld of Redlingfield. When the persecution was over lived for 3 or 4 months with Sir Thomas Cornwallis, reciting the breviary daily with him; left for London immediately after Easter. Is son to gentry worth £50 a year, both now dead. (The grandpilrents survive: one is Francis Bastard, a Catholic of 40 years standing; the other grandfather, a schismatic esquire, used to be very rich. Each grandparent had 20 children, of whom the respondent has met barely half. The respondent's father, according to his brother Edward, died in the Church; two of his sisters are still alive, one being married to Sir Phillp Woodhouse, the other being the widow of Robert Lumner; both were Catholics, but the former has recently lapsed owing to the violence of her husband. Another sister was the wife of Mr Higham of Suffolk; another was married to a Mr Hawkins whose children are said to live in London. When the respondent was last in Norfolk there were five of his father's brothers surviving: the eldest an esquire with £800 or £900 a year to spend after giving inheritances and dowries to his younger children, the second a Judge with £1000 a year to spend; the third, Edward, the only Catholic, worth £300 a year; the fourth worth £100 and the fifth, a pensioner of the Queen, £50. Three of the respondent's mother's brothers are alive: one a lawyer, one a married Catholic and one at Douai.) Is related to Sir John Townshend and to Charles Cornwallis Esq. Has one brother a Catholic, who serves Lord Morley, and one sister, a heretic, married to a rich husband. Was sent to Cambridge by his uncle when 14 after the death of his parents;


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

103

studied under Dr Perce 6 years haphazardly, reading humanities and philosophy, Greek and Hebrew; left the University on becoming a Catholic. Has been healthy for 10 years except for headaches after journeys and fevers 5 or 6 days in the year. Was a heretic, but was shaken by the disagreements between heretics about free will and the possibility of losing faith; read Calvin's Institutes without satisfaction; on reading a book De Contemptu Mundi grew dissatisfied with heretical opposition to the evangelical counsels. While visiting friends in Norfolk, was invited to home of his uncle Edward, who lent him books of controversy and meditation. On return to Cambridge bought an enchiridion of controversies; a month or two later was overcome with shame in church one day, realising that he was simulating heresy while a Catholic at heart; on his way home was tortured by fear of death. Leaving his brother at Cambridge he returned to consult his uncle, who welcomed him warmly; after a month's stay with him, visited Fr Edmunds at Wisbech in wintry weather. Five months later was rumoured to be a Catholic in Spain or at Rome; on asking his friends for money was abused for having left his place at the University. 4 or 5 days later, learning that letters were out from the Bishop of Norwich for his arrest, took his money and went home for safety, while his uncle's house was searched by the Sherriff's servants. After lying hid for 7 or 8 months, he revisited his friends. When Fr Edward Walpole and Mr Gardiner came to Norfolk, and instructions were sent from the Council to search all houses, he was hunted throughout Norfolk and Suffolk in the hope that his capture would facilitate the arrest of these priests. After lurking in one or two places, was captured in a boat with 13 others while setting out for Rome; after 6 weeks' imprisonment was released on payment; bought letters of recommendation from the Mayor of Dover, & thus came to Rome. Has desired this state of life since his conversion. [373J

[ No Responsa extant]

IOANNIS FORCERUS vigin ti annos natus 14 Octobris anno 1601 Verum meum .nomen Ioannem F orcerum esse respondeo pater meus Thomas Forcerus nuncupatur mater veroMargarita. Quodam in loco Episcopatus Dunehnensis nomine Eden natus eram, educatus autem alio in loco eiusdem episcopatus nomine Harberhouse cum avo, ibique octo circiter annorum spatio studui vitamque traduxi. Conditione generosus sum; parentes enim et praedecessores mei generosi sunt semperque fuerunt. Unus e praedecessoribus meis Prior erat Dunehnensis ordinis Sancti Benedicti. Avus meus ex parte patris mortuus est, ex parte vero matris avus meus adhuc ut opinor superstes est Ioannis Trollope vocatur catholicus quondam nunc vero schismaticus sit an Haereticus nescio. [374J


104

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Parentes mei hoc tempore ob magnam illam catholicae fidei persecutionem valde divites non sunt. Ex quo enim tempore viginti duos aetatis suae annos excesserunt continuis in molestiis et persecutionibus vitam duxerunt bis ut recordor tertia bonorum et possessionum suarum parte relicta omnibus fuerunt bonis spoliati, rursus vero illa magna pecuniae summa redimere coacti erant. Tres habeo fratres quorum unus studendi gratia in Hispaniam profectus est alius Audomari operam dat literis, tertius et aetate et statura adhuc parvus in Anglia cum parentibus versatur. Sorores habeo tres vel quatuor, cognatos septem omnesque catholieam fidem profitentur Ex obitu avi mei domi operam studiis dedi semper, excepto unius anni medio quo tempore a parentibus missus in academia quadam publica nomine Chayneforde[?J studui praeceptore usus haeretico. Inde do mum patris reversus illum habui praeceptorem qui mecum in has terrae partes venit quique rursus sacerdos factus in Anglia redivit. Modicum certe in literis progressum feci, nam persecutione urgente studendi facultas non dabatur. In Anglia saepius dolore capitis gravissimo vexabar, Audomari semel tantummodo febri laborabam hoc tempore optima Deo gratias utor valetudine nisi quod modicam quandam sentio debilitatem. Quod ad vocationem attinet catholicus sum semperque fuissem si non quatuor abhinc annis londini captus bis haeriticorum rebus maximo mea peccato assensum praebuissem donec in Bridewell incarceratus eram duorum mensium aut circiter spatio. Postea carcere liberatus quia pater Geratt ad alios carceres remotus erat nullumque habui londini, qui me in has partes mitteret amicum TUrsus ad domum patris me contuli ubi auxilio Reverendi patris lIoultbye qui me sacro Baptismatis fonte primum abluit AudomaTUm veni, in de a Reverendis patribus Patre FIacco et Patre Baldwino missus Romam veni. De proposito et desiderio quod sentio ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam et observandam collegii disciplinam dum hie mansero, respondeo parentes meos, ita me admonuisse antequam ab illis discessi ut sine illorum consensu sacerdotium non inirem, dixerunt tamen si sacerdotium et vitam ecclesiastieam inire desiderarem transactis aliquot in studiis annis quos iam Audomari absque uUo illorum impedimento transegi ab illa intentione & proposito se me revocare nolle,quocirca cum me adhuc ex hispartibus non evocaverint,mecum in animo decrevi deo adiuvante illam sum ere vocationem qua me maxime indignum esse fateor, collegiique disciplinam observaturum pro viribus spondeo. SUMMARY

[374J FORCER John, 20, son of Thomas and Margaret, born at Eden, in the Bishopric of Durham, studied 8 years at his grandfather's at Harberhouse in the same Bishopric. Son of gentry of a family which included a one-time Prior of Durham O.S.B. (His paternal grandfather is dead; his maternal grandfather, John


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

105

Trollope, a lapsed Catholic, survives. His parents, since the age of 22, have been continually persecuted; they were twice deprived of two-thirds of their possessions, and forced to buy them back at great expense; hence they are no longer very rich.) Has 3 brothers, one studying in Spain and one at St Omers, the third still a child at home. Has 3 or 4 sisters and 7 cousins, all Catholics. Studied at home after the death of his grandfather; spent half a year at a public school at Gainford under a heretical teacher; returned home to a private tutor; made little progress owing to persecution. Suffer~d frequent headaches in England, suffered fever once at St Omers; now healthy except for spasmodic feelings of weakness. Always a Catholic, fell temporarily into heresy when captured in London 4 years ago and imprisoned two months in the Bridewell. Made friends with Fr Gerard, but on release found that he had been moved to another prison; returned home and persuaded Fr Holtby, who had christened him, to send him to St Omers. Crossed the sea with his former tutor, who is now a priest. Was sent from St Omers to Rome by Fr Flack and Fr Baldwin. Has been told by his parents not to become a priest without their consent; but intends to take up an ecc1esiasticallife, since he has now spent several years at St Omers without any intervention by his parents, and believes they will not now oppose his vocation. [375J

THOMAS MORUS

anno domini 1601 1. Respondeo, nomen meum verum esse Thomas Morns, patris Edwardus, matris Maria, natum Cantabrigiae, educatum partim in Essexia non longe a Londino, partim Audomari, ibidem et vixisse semper et studuisse. 2. Respondeo, parentes, et praecipuos amicos nobiles esse, nec pauperes; fratrem me habere unicum, sorores quinque. cognatos (quantum scio) catholicos omnes, uno excepto. 3. Respondeo, me studiis humanioribus, grammaticae, rhetoricaeque operam dedisse, et in iis, ut apparet profecisse. 4. Respondeo, me valetudine corporis esse satis firmo, animo satis quieto, parumque perturbato. 6. t Respondeo, me Catholicum semper extitisse, pro religione nihil passum, ex Anglia a parentibus missum duce Anglo quodam Antwerpiae habitante salvum Antwerpiam pervenisse, Bruxellas ab amicis ductum, inde ductore Patre FIacco Audomarnm pervenisse. 7.t Respondeo, propositum ac desiderium quod sentio ad vitam Ecc1esiasticam agendam et observandam disciplinam collegii ab illis non esse aversum. Ad maiorem dei gloriam. SUMMARY

[375J MORE Thomas, son of Edward and Mary, born at Cambridge, brought up in Essex, near London, and at St Omers, Son of


106

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

rich and noble family; has 1 brother,S sisters, and cousins all Catholics save one. Has studied grammar and rhetoric. Healthy. Always a Catholic. Was sent abroad by his parents; was taken to Antwerp by an English resident there; thence taken to Brussels by friends and to St Omers by Fr Flack. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [376J

CHRISTOFERUS CANSFELDUS

14 Octobris 1601 1. Respondeo verum meum nomen esse Briantum Cansfeild ; annum aetatis decimum nonum agere; et natum esse in comitatu Lancastriae, domus vero nomen, ubi natus, fui est Roberts Hall ; meque ibi aliquandiu vixisse, postea ad scholas missum, studuisse autem in variis locis ut Lancastriae, et Tunstal, Blackeborne, Urswicke, Warton et Thornton, annoque aetatis decimo sexto Audomarum venisse ibique tres annos vixisse nec in aliis locis nisi in domo patris habitasse. 2. Respondeo me esse studiosum, parentes vita functos; praecipuos amicos nobiles esse et divites, nonnullosque catholicos nonnullos haereticos, plures vero catholicos; fratres etiam duos habere, qui catholici fuerunt cum ex Anglia discessi, sorores tres catholicas, cognatos vero aliquos catholicos, aliquos haereticos. 3. Respondeo me literis tantummodo humanioribus operam dedisse, in Anglia videlicet Rudimenta, Grammaticam et Syntaxim audivi, Audomari denuo Syntaxi, Poeticae et Rhetoricae studui. 4. Respondeo me nullum morbum nec corporis, nec animae sentire, nec unquam febribus graviorem sensisse. 5. Respondeo me haereticum fuisse, et anna aetatis decimo sexto a fratre mea iuniori, adhortante tamen patre Stannie, conversum fuisse, et Audomari a patre flacco reconciliatum ; ex Angliacum septem allis in Zelandiam veni, deinde Caletum, nec in ullo loco ab inquisitoribus examinati fuimus: nunc demum Romam missus sum ex collegio anglicano in urbe Audomarensi. 6. Respondeo propositum ac desiderium me sentire ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam. tt SUMMARY

[376J CANSFIELD Brian, alias Christopher, 18, born at Robert Hall, Lanes. ; studied in schools at Lancaster, Tunstall, Blackburn, Urswick, Warton and Thornton; at 15 went to St Omers for 3 years. Has lost both parents; is of rich noble family mainly Catholic; has 2 brothers and 3 sisters all Catholics; has Catholic and heretical cousins. Studied rhetoric, grammar and syntax in England, syntax, poetry and rhetoric at St Omers. Always healthy except for fevers. When 15 converted from heresy by his younger brother and Fr Stanney; re~onciled at St Omers by Fr Flack. Came from England to Zeeland with seven others, thence to Calais; was never examined


RESPON S A

by searchers. Was sent to Rome from St Omers. ecclesiastic. [377]

107

SCHOLARUM

Desires to be an

I OHANNES AMIANNS ALIAS STARKEYUS

Anno domini 1601 die Octobris 1. Respondeo nomen meum esse Starkeyum, aetatisque meae bunc esse 31 m, locum nativitatis meae Hatton vocari in comitatu Cestrii a civitate ipsa distantem miliaribus tribus quae domus etiam a paterna domo distat sept em miliaribus. paterna vero domus a Cestrio duodecemt miliaribus, in quibus domibus fui in minoritate mea educatus et nutritus, per aliquod temporis spatium vitam degi Londini (cui loco veni postquam studuissem Salopii, Knutsfordi aliisque locis permultis, sillicett in domo Hatton, paternaque domo &c) in quibus locis et in universis meis studiis consumpsi duodecemt annos postea vero petivi Londinum iussu parentum ubi collocavit me per aliquod tempus pater meus servum mercatoris quia omnino fui levis et instabilis tamen parum mecum effecit, quam primum enim tempus erat elapsum cum maxima voluntate Heri fui missus in germaniam ut haberem privilegium aliquod ut mos est, quod cum accepi redivi in Angliam quia huiusmodi vita non valde arridebat mihi, et mansi aliquantisper cum patre mea rure ut acciperem annuam annuitatem (ut ita dicam) quam cum primum mihi erat concessum decrevi visendi gratia pet ere Iherosolima venia a parentibus petita et a matre multis singultibus concessa ad iter suscincsi[?] me sed deo nolente me aethiopam lavare: orationibus et multis lachrimis a matre saepissime profusis deo cooperante catholicus fui factus, facto autem[?] catholico tamen porro[?] dsistebam t a priori proposito. parentes mei sunt nobiles pater schismaticus mater vero catholica. amicos fere omnes ignoro quia inter illos non fui multum versatus a iuvinilit mea aetate tamen unum avunculum habeo quem optime novi nobilem schismaticum iudicem confinium Walliae constitutum. fratres habeo tres me excepto, maiorem natu catholicum minorem natu schismaticum alterum pernitiosum, maior natu duxit uxorem filliam Domini Brocci cuius locus appellatur madley catholicam. habeo unicam sororem catholicam non adhuc nuptam. 2. Respondeo quando ultimo frequentavi scholas me didicisse gramaticum et terentium. parum admodum pro feci licet longum tempus consumpsi ut supra apparet: 3. Respondeo me semper esse corpore valido nee un quam (laus deo) notabiliter aegrotum. animo tamen male semper valui tamen nunquam sensi dolorem antequam deus suis bonis instigationibus pulsavit ad cor meum : 4. Respondeo me extitisse haereticum spatia xxv annorum, me factum catholicum anna salutis 1595 (ut opinor) modus quo superius in prima responsione est dictus. me nihil adhuc passum. revocandum in memoriam est quod superius in prima responsione


108

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

dixi me iturum Iherosolymam quo tempore sacerdotes mihi valde amici iterum atque iterum rogarent me ut irem duacum et studerem dantes mihi multa exempla eorum qui venientes nihil aut parum habuerint et in parvo tempore doctos evaserint, quod cum audivi fui contentus et feci, ubi cum veni Dominus praeses me valde humaniter tractavit et animavit me magnopere et constituit unum qui me doceret donec fuero idoneus ut aderem patres. postremo vero puncto puto non opus esse respondere. 5. Respondeo magno cum fervore me desiderare et prae omnibus vitae cursibus elligere vitam sacerdotalem, et hoc prae oculis semper affigo. tt alte scribere: timeo tamen verum dicere non pudeo : SUMMARY

[377] STARKEY John, 30, born at Hatton, Cheshire, 3 miles from Chester, in a house 7 miles from his father's house, which is 12 miles from Chester; was brought up in these houses; studied there and elsewhere, including Shrewsbury and Knutsford, for about 12 years; was then placed by his parents with a merchant in London; was flighty; sent to Germany for a privilege; returned discontented to England; lived with his father in the country; on receipt of an annuity decided to visit Jerusalem; changed plans after becoming a Catholic through his mother's tears. Is son of noble schismatic father and noble Catholic mother; has one noble schismatic uncle on his mother's side, who is Judge of the Welsh Marches; has 3 brothers: the eldest a Catholic (son in law to Mr Brook of Madeley), the next a schismatic, the third pernicious; has one unmarried Catholic sister. When last at school was reading grammar and Terence, with little profit. Has never been seriously ill. Became a Catholic in 1595 after 25 years in heresy; was often urged by priest friends to study at Douai; at last agreed; was welcomed by President and given a special tutor. Desires to be a priest. [377 bis] John Varder of London sonne unto William Varder Merchaunt of the same cittie Whoe hath bene brought up under his afforsayd Father William Varder all his lyff tyme in England and other places in his affaires. untill it pleased allmighti God of his great and Infintt goodnes to calle him from that hereticall Doctren and beleffe wich he hath allwayes bene Instructed in by his afforsaid Father. who at this tyme is lyving in the same Citti of London and beleaving the same herektall t Doctrin JOHN VARDER

[378]

GULIHELMUS GWIN

Anno domini 1601 Octobris die 18 1. Ad huius capitis particulas successive, Respondeo primo me vocari (si tamen velimus sequi antiquum Britonum usum) Gulihel-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

109

mum Howell Lewis Gwin, vel si hodiemum Gulihelmum Gwin: annos habentem 25 vel circiter, natum in parochia vocata, Llanbaier Gilgiden, in Comitatu Monmothiae, qua usque ad annum nonum educatus fui, hinc Abergavenniam missus biennio literis operam dedi, inde Lanarth, tum Bristolliam, demum Herefordiam~ quibus in locis 5 annis literis incubui. postea Oxoniam petii, qua denique iubente deo et annuente deipara Virgine Maria Collegium Duacenum, quibus in Academiis 7 vel 8 annis in studiis commoratus sum. 2. Ap. petita in hoc capite, Respondeo secundo meam conditionem nec nobilem nec plebeiam esse, sed mediam, parentes enim inscribuntur yeomen (si utar patrio ritu) licet omnes praecipui amici ad unum fere inscribantur generosi, qui omnes cum in patria eram fuerunt divites; praeterea tres mihi esse fratres, tres sorores, plurimos cognatos, ex quorum numero aliqui sunt catholici, reliqui schismatici~ nulla namque (quantum scio) perversus extitit haereticus. 3. Huic tertio dico me in omnibus scholis usque dum Oxoniam veni, dedisse operam literis humanioribus, Oxoniae vero partim logicae partim rhetoricae; duaci autem maiori cum fructu duobus annis studui logicae et physicae duobus etiam theologiae. 4. Cui quarto Respondeo me corpore et anima sanum agere, nec unquam infirmitates vel morbos mihi obnoxios fuisse (corporeos inquam) una vel altera vice excepta idque per paucos dies. 5. Respondeo quinto me usque ad annum 20 schismaticum fuisse, quo tempore opere et industria Patris J aretti una cum Patre Walgrave catholicum effectum fuisse, quorum etiam auxilliot et consilio Londino duacum venisse, ibique in collegii Album admissum, in de denique Romam una cum allis eiusdem collegii duaceni alumnis missum fuisse. 6. Respondeo ultimo unicum meum propositum et desiderium esse amplecti vitam ecclesiasticam quam inter alias omnes elegi. tt finis laus Deo B. V .M. &c SUMMARY

[378J GWIN William Howell Lewis, c. 25, born in the parish of Llanbaier Gilgiden in Monmouthshire, brought up there until 8 ; then spent 2 years studying letters at Abergavenny, and 5 years at Llanarth, Bristol and Hereford; studied at the Universities of Oxford and Douai 7 or 8 years. Son of yeomen connected with rich gentry; has 3 brothers and 3 sisters and many cousins, some Catholic, some schismatic, none heretical. Studied humanities in his early schools, logic and rhetoric at Oxford, logic and physics for two years (with greater success) and theology for two years at Douai. Has never ailed more than a few days. At 20 was converted from schism by Fr Gerard and Fr Walde grave and sent from London to Douai, where he was admitted to the College and eventually sent to Rome with other alumni. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 18 October 1601


110

[379]

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

JOHN BUTLER

the xix of October 1610 1. Respondeo Nomen patris esse, Albanie Butler; matris, Grace; meum Iohannes; patrem iam sexagessimumt annum; me vigessimumt supravixisse ; locum nativitatis, educationisque per quinque annos Natby. deinde domum D. Andertoni; ubi circiter sex annos fui educatus ; tum do mum Domini Westby[?], qua degebam quattuor vel quinque annis; postea Domum Domini Lathwyste[?] ; quibus in locis semper fere privatim studui; nullum praeterea extra Lancastriae comitatum locum inhabitasse. 2. Respondeo parentes ambos fuisse . (ut aiunt) generosos; -conditionis satis opulentae dum mater mea vixit; nunc vero partim legum severitate, partim amicorum infidelitate; partim denique potentis cuiusdam iniuria patrem meum in pauperiorem statum esse redactum. Respondeo praeterea unum me habere fratrem; duas sorores. cognatos praecipuos Dominum Andertonum, Dominum Worthingtonum ; Dominum Haddocke; reliquos praetermitto affines (putativos[?] ut opinor) optimae familiae, quia non satis mihi liquido innotescit, quo consanguinitatis vinculo istae affinitates conglutinantur. 3. Respondeo me semper humanioribus operam dedisse. et quicquid in Anglia imperfecte et confuse tenuerim; id totum melioribus instructus disciplinis Duaci, per triennium (cum mediocri ut opinor fructu) perfectius edidiscisset. 4. Respondeo me firma multos per annos fuisse corporis valetu¡d ine, nisi quod duobus abhinc annis morbum contraxi latere dextro quocum graviter ad multum tempus afflictus fui; nunc vere plane est diminutus. 5. Respondeo me ab anno 7 usque ad decimum aliquoties Haereticorum ecc1esiam frequentasse. sed vix decimum attigi quin paterno consilio informatus catholicus factus sum; Respondeo praeterea me cum Domino Byslao mare transfretasse, et Duuaci appulisse; eoque, iussu superiorum Romam pervenisse. 6. Respondeo finem profectionis meae, studiorumque meorum esse; semperque fuisse, dignitatem assequi sacerdotalem. tt SUMMARY

[379] BUTLER John, over 20, son of John (over 60) and Grace; born at Natby and brought up there for 5 years; spent 6 years at 1\11' Anderton's house, 4 or 5 at Mr vVestby's, and some time at Mr Laythwaite's, all in Lancashire. Son of gentry, rich during the lifetime of his mother, but now impoverished by the severity of the laws, the faithlessness of friends, and the ill-will of a certain person in power. Has 1 brother and 2 sisters; is related to Mr Anderton, Mr Worthington and Mr Haydock. Studied humanities, privately and haphazardly, at the houses above mentioned; re-learnt, with greater profit, during 3 years at Douai. From 7th to 10th years sometimes attended heretical services; when 10 became a Catholic


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

111

at his father's suggestion. Crossed to Douai with Mr Bisley; has come to Rome at superiors' orders. Desires, and always has desired, to be a priest. GEORGIUS FISHERUS FILIUS THOMAE FISHER! ET MAGDALENAE ASHTON 1601 18 Octobris 1. Annum ago decimum nonum vel circiter. natus sum et partim educatus Bartoni partim Steltoni ubi per tres circiter annos studui. Wisbeci vero dum inter sacerdotes inibi de gentes versarer medium annum in studiis consumpsi. Quod ad parentes attinet pater mediae sortis, mater nobilis secundum nobilitatem huius patriae, utrique schismatici. Fratres habeo tres, duos catholicos, unum haereticum. Sorores tres omnes haereticas 2. Humanioribus litteris hactenus operam dedi, in quibus etc. 3. Valetudo fuit bona vix ulla aegritudine intermixta. 4. Quatuordecim annos inter haereticos versatus sum, demum mediantibus Sacerdotibus Wisbeci commorantibus ad meliorem frugem conversus, in Flandriam ad collegium Duacenum missus sum, ubi ecclesiae reconciliatus per quatuor annos studui, anuentibust demum collegii superioribus Romam veni. 5. Propositum et desiderium quod ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam, et collegii disciplinam observandam in animo semper habui, firmum adhuc et constans manet et ut spero manebit. [380J

SUMMARY [380J FISHER George, c. 18, son of Thomas and Magdalen Ashton, born and brought up at Barton, studied 3 years at Stilton and 6 months at Wisbech with the priests. Son of middle class schismatic father and noble schismatic mother; has 2 Catholic brothers, 1 heretical brother, 3 heretical sisters. Healthy. Converted by Wisbech priests after 14 years among heretics. Sent to Douai and reconciled there; sent thence, after 4 years study, to Rome. 18 October 1601. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [381]

Ad capita de admittendis particularia RICHARD I HUDLESTONI responsa. 1602 [or : 1601J 1. Respondeo me Richardum Hudlston, Andreae Hudlston & Mariae Hutten filium; vero nomine appellari; annum decimum nonum attingentem; natum domi paternae Farringtonorum; et ad annum usque decimum ibidem educatum: parentum non tam nobilis, quam honesta prosapia; non illustris plane neutroversum; nec plane obscura: sed ex anti qua satis propagine Hudlstonorum Huttenorumque. quam primum vero, annum undecimum (Ni memini male) ingredior, domesticos parietes egredior; Grarigiamque Westmerlandiae comitatu, studiorum ergo meliorum peto; (elementa enim prima affaniasque pueriles dum sub parentum manu,


112

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Lelandiae rudi admodum raucidoque labro dilabaram) operamque Thomae Sommers praeceptori catholico, quinque vel sex annis,. fructu Parentum expectationi respondente dedi. 2. Respondeo. carptim Parentum genus meumque in supra scriptis perstrinxi, cerosariumque superoffero. me, sortem ultimam esse. R. tres habere fratres unum in Hispania, duos in Anglia; sorores totidem; omnes et has et illos, una excepta, Romanam decitantes fidem. cognatos ex parte Patris Dominum Gulielmum Hudlston de castro Millanensi Hudlstonorum domo tuberativa Haereticum ; Edmundum Hudlston scismaticum, Henricum Edmundi haeredem (non fidei tamen) Catholicum, Peningtonos, haereticos; Katericos, catholicos, ex parte autem Matris agnatos Huttenos Dudleos Sandfordosque habere, et plures sed, brevitati consulens praetermitto, reliquis per saturam responsurus 3. Respondeo ut in praefatis me Lelandiae uberibus irrumatum ; Grarigiae matthiis enutritum. Garstangiae demum novercae aconitis ablactatum; plus minus biennio interquievisse: et ad fructum spe et ad spem fructu. 4. Respondeo in Anglia, quatenus ad corpus, nunquam; Duaci vero crustitie splenis inveterante, me valetudinarium aliquoties fuisse, nec penitus sanitatem, utcunque tamen, comparasse. ad animam quod attinet quae inscitia hactenus propria, sentire vix ac ne vix quidem poteram, profundiore iam tactu resarcinata[?] vulnera persensi, medicinam facturus valentiorem. 5. Respondeo me annum usqueundecimum Haereticorumtempia scismatice accessisse: commorans autem Grarigiae domumque Domini Francisci Duketi nobilis viri frequentans (a qua non adeo pro cuI diurnabam) hic in Ecclesiam Catholicam adscitus eram: uxor enim Dni Fi. Duketi affinis mea me Catholicum (eo quod Mater reliquique paene omnes) autumans, invitatum ad pascalia (ut meminem[?] sum[?]) illic, cognatulis meis transigenda bis terve ad sacrum, ullam ante peccatorum Fideique Homologesin, nescia admisit: nec ego et propter annos taliumque ignorantiam, adeo fuerim cordatus, ut, errorem meum ullatenus persentiscerem. post triduum rogatus a Praeceptoribus an ullibi confessus essem; Nullibi: refero. eundi mentem, quaerunt? annuo, properiterque Confessarium Reverendum Dominum Gulielmum Smitheum convenio, reconsilior, Deoque ac Beata Semper Virgine Maria adspirantibus, permansi, permanebo. Peste autem interibi quoquoversum increbescente gliscenteque ipse Andreasque Qui mihi in praefatis semper comes maior me natu frater domuitione revocamur. hic annua fere studiorum interquies, cum Garstangiam meditullio Lancastriae civitatem, Praestoniamque distinentem mittor. Satis unde impendii, compendii parum referens, litteris vix a limine salutatis revertor, et ad collegium Audomarense Matre innuente annuenteque libens cogitavi. quod et ante diu affectum sed variarum interpellatione rerum, ferens saepius repulsari sero at aliquando tandem effectum est. eligitur Reverendus Dominus Burskeus qui nos ipse Londinum


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

113

conducens cum nauarchis rem tractaret. eius igitur consortio alteriusque Sacerdotis Saterford cognominati Londinum ventum est. interea temp oris dum in cubiculo conducto Gulielmi Woodruffii sartoris domus non ignotae catholicorum frequentatione, versaremur, Dominus Burskeus Missam die Sanctae Ursulae celebraturus pridie cum Jacobo Duketo necessario suo convenerat, ut indumenta sacra, librum ceteraque suppeditaret: promittit ille, sed omittit: comisariust enim Londinensis, et quaestuosi illi quaestores, domum qua immorati fuimus tunc temporis, catholicos presbiterosque anquisituri circumdant. noctis erat (ut Lipsius ille) meridies: irrumpunt huc illuc ituriunt, undequaque efflictim perruspantur, t Dominum Dobsonum apprehendunt. ostia nostra obtundunt, nec in tanto noctis conticinio nobis audiuntur. sed fortean opportune responsum est, ab aedibus istis iam diu discessisse inquilinum: praetereuntes igitur, excubias ipsi inferius agunt; nos mane superius. sed utrimque frustrati. nec enim exspectati nobis, nec illis advenere. moramur, miramur. visum tergiversationem inquirere. periculum fecit, et vere, sed inscius periculum fecit Frater meus Andreas. excubitores securus transmittit. J. Duketum adiit: quo stupore (fides numinum!) quo gaudio exceptus! interrogare illi, narrare, demirari. redit ipse meticulosius, tamen aeque securus, enarrat pertimescimus, gratulamur, subterfugimus. Duketumque advenientes, perque hebdomadas sex immorantes, navim perstolamur. Bronus enim mercator et quidem [m]ercurii extra portam capenam lymphae indiges, pridie ante quam discederemus naulum acceperat qui captus interea nostris libertatem suam pecuniis praestinavit. hic autem obviam factus (J. Duketo procurante) Dominus Ioannes Williams iam Duaci Sacerdos, comitem se nobis adiunxit. qui cum A Reverendo Domino Hues[?] praesbitero incarcerato, collegii Duaceni Reverendo Praesidi Doctori Barreto commendatus esset: et nos subito Domini Burskei discessu nobis incognito, nec pecuniis nec commendationibus sufficienter instructos nosipsos existimantes, ut Audomarum aggrederemur, (quippe decem tantum libris Monetae Anglicanae ad manum, decem ante traditis Bruno) eo quod viginti sequentes non prae manibus essent. in maxima hac inter collegia herciscundia, Duacum versus cum ipso dec1inamus. in via autem fit obviam nescio quis Hanmerus Abevilio; servus Episcopi tunc defuncti: qui nos de collegio Duaceno certiores faciens ut in Hispaniam diverteremur suasit, et paene persuasit: progredimur Duacum: collegium non ingredimur; vivitur expensis propriis in domo Procuratoris: quoad res in extrema, minima minus, tegula Hispanum iter e mente nobis diruminarat. Praesidem adimus, rem aperimus, speculam coartualit[?] ille, nos admisitque quo in loco doctores illi ductoresque iuventutis, Societatis Iesu Patres, me hactenus suis doctrinae pietatisque viridariis atque myrothecis enutrivere. 6. Respondeo de quo tempore a domo paterna abituriebam; ubi primum hoc menti meae propositum a Dei (ut spero) lumine &


114

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

numine infusum; hucusque nunquam effusum esse; nec, licet aliquantulum de primo devotion is fervore quandoque remisi, hanc unquam piam ad sacros ordines intentionem, propensionemque demisi. tt Istis omnibus propria manu subscribo 1601 RICHARD US HUDLsToNus. alias PARKINSONUS SUMMARY [381J HUDLESTON Richard, alias Parkinson, c. 19, : son of Andrew and Mary Hutton, born at his father's house at Farington, Lancs; brought up there until 9, studying elements at Leyland; when 10 went to study for 5 or 6 years at Grayrigg, Westmoreland, under Thomas Somers, a Catholic; recalled home with his brother Andrew because of plague; discontinued studies for over a year; lived at Garstang. Son of middle class parents of ancient family; has 3 brothers, 1 in Spain and 2 in England, all Catholics; has 2 Catholic sisters and 1 non-Catholic sister. Has cousins on his father's side: William Huddleston of Millom Castle, heretic; Edmund Huddleston, schismatic, and Henry his heir, a Catholic; the Penningtons, heretics; the Cattericks, Catholics. Has cousins on his mother's side: the Huttens, Dudleys and Sandfords. Was healthy in England; suffered from a splenetic disease at Douai. Attended heretic churches until 10; became a Catholic during his stay at Garstang, while spending Easter at the house of Francis Duckett ; was reconciled by Mr William Smith, priest. From Garstang went to London en route for St Omers, with two priests, Burscough and Saterford. In London stayed in the chamber of William Woodruff, tailor, in a house which was searched on the eve of St Ursula by the Sherriff of London, who arrested Mr Dobson. Unmolested by the searchers, he went next day with his brother Andrew to James Duckett (a kinsman of Burscough's, who had been asked to arrange for Mass on St Ursula's day) and stayed with him 6 weeks waiting to sail. (The merchant, Brown, who was to have secured them a place on a ship for ÂŁ10 was arrested and bought his freedom with their money.) Being insufficiently provided with letters of recommendation, and having now only ÂŁ10 of English money, he and Andrew, deserted by Burscough, were persuaded to change their destination to Douai by one John Williams, who had a recommendation to Dr Barrett, the President, from Mr Hughes, an imprisoned priest. Though urged to go to Spain by one of the Bishop's servants at Abbeville, they persevered as far as Douai, and after living at their own expense at the Procurator's house until reduced to penury, were admitted to the College by the President and educated by the Jesuits. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 160l.

1602 [382J

[ No Responsa extantJ


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

115

[383J Proprium meum nomen est Iohannes Platteus Annum iam vigessimumt tertium etatist meae perfici N atus fui in vico quodam nuncupato Buc1and sito in comitatu Berkes in domo matris meae paterna qui dicebatur Iohannes Yateus ortus ex Lifordiensi familia ubi pater Campianus captus fuit, et fuit filius senior etatet sui patris ex prima coniuge. Educatus fui primo Buc1andiae donec decimus Annus etatist meae transactus fuit, iuxta quod tempus Oxoniam missus eram ubi in Communi schola ,collegii magdalensis annum cum medio et alteram partem istius anni cum Doctore Caseo insumpsi. Reliquo tempore etatist mansi domi plerumque cum patre meo, interim in venando, accipitres sectando aliisque exertiist maxima ex parte cum aliis 1l0biJibus versatus duobus tantum annis exceptis quorum primum cum domino Bridges Staffordiae sibi familiaris alterum vero in famulatu domini winsoris integrum et plus transegi &c. Pater meus nobilis seu ut in Anglia dicimus generosus fuit habens a patre suo sibi possessiones relict as fere ad 500 libras per annum communiter estimatast, quas adversis fortunis et incomodist ob catholicam fidem a filiis et coniuge perpessis aliquantum deminuit ita tamen ut iuxta statum suum unde bene vivat, sibi adhuc non desit Ipse semper fuit schismatus et contentus ut mater mea sacerdotem secum continuo degentem haberet; novem liberos tres scilicet filiiost et sex filiiast habuit, quorum sex sunt catholici, nomina praecipuarum domuum ubi solet inhabitare, sunt, Petwick, Chalowe, et Sparsholt et non procul inter se distantium et sibi fetiplaceos, yateos, hideos, aliasque praecipuas istarum partium familias, sanguine affines et coniunctos habet, inter quos plures sunt catholici et religione bene affecti. &c. Partim sub tutoribus et partim industria mea Latinum meiocritert potui aliquando intelligere tametsi longiore a libris vacatione non parum de ilio oblitus sum. &c. Sanitate corporis optima ab ineunte aetate mea fruitus sum et raro aegrotavi. &c. Nunquam haereticus aut Scismaticus fui post duodecimum annum aetatis meae, quando factus eram catholicus ope sacerdotis cuiusdem t qui dicebatur Georgius Snappus, qui semper mansit cum domino Bridges superius nominato ubi postea apprehensus fuit. Non alia de causa angliam reliqui, quam ut manus hereticorum effugerem a quibus paulo ante captus eram, quod contioni catholicae cum allis nobilibus interfuissem, et iter meum versus Lotaringiam primo incepi ut in ibi aliquantulum immoratus experientia et linguarum peritia mihimetipsi proficerem, ubi deo ita disponente hanc vocationem ecc1esiasticam vitam in posterum subeundi primo habebam iliinc vero Lorettam pia peregrinatione profectus eandem cum meipso Beatissimet Virgini generali prius confessione a patre Talbetto expiatus in sacello suo devota obtuli et ex ilio tempore nihil magis desideravi quam ut in hoc collegium admissus eandem


116

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

perficerem firmiter mecum statutus omnes regulas et instituta collegii diligenter observare SUMMARY

[383] PLATT John, 23, born at Buckland, Berks, in the house of his maternal grandfather John Yate (who was eldest son of the family of Lyford where Campion was taken); brought up there until 10 ; spent eighteen months with Dr Case at Magdalen College school; since then has lived at home with his father, hunting and hawking, except for a year with Mr Bridges at Stafford and over a year in the service of Mr Windsor. (His father, a schismatic nobleman, inherited ÂŁ500 a year, now diminished through ill fortune and the recusancy of his family; he allowed his wife to keep a priest permanently. He lives mainly at Petwick, Challow and Sparsholt.) Has 2 brothers and 6 sisters; is related to the Fettiplaces, the Yates, the Hydes etc., who are mainly Catholics. Through long absence from books has forgotten the Latin he learnt from tutors. Always healthy. Converted to Catholicism at 12 by George Snape, a priest who always lived with the Bridges and was later arrested there. Was arrested for attending a Catholic sermon; fled from England to Lorraine; there felt a call to the ecclesiastical life; made a pilgrimage to Loreto and there confessed all his sins to Fr Talbot. [384] Nomen Fredericus Bentleyus, Patris Edwardus, matris Catharina. Aetatis Viginti annorum die 25 Aprilis praeterito qui est Divo Marco sacer. N atus in Anglia, in comitatu Darbiensi, in domo quae Bentley nuncupatur satis pro cuI ab ullo oppido sita. Educatus in Anglia apud parentes usque ad annum aetatis meae duodecimum. hac aetate in Belgium veni, ubi quatuor annis in collegio Anglorum Audomarensi humanioribus literis operam dedi. lnde Duacum profectus tres annos in collegio Anglorum moratus sum. primum annum Rhetoricae postremos duos Philosophiae studio impendi. in humanioribus exiguum, in Philosophia nullum plane fructum feci. Honesto loco natus, Parentes nobiles, Catholici, iniuria tempo rum ad tenuiores fortunas redacti. Praecipui amici et cognati nobiles, aliqui Catholici, alii Haeretici. Fratres habeo quatuor, sorores sex catholicos omnes Valetudine satis prospera sex annis, septimo adversa prorsus et infaelici usus sum. ut tamen ex Belgio in Angliam redii (ubi trium mensium, cognatorum visendorum, sanitatisque recuperandae causa moram feci) per Dei favorem pristinas vires recuperasse, sanumque, valentemque me factum esse comperi. Baptizatus, et educatus per Dei gratiam in Eclesia t catholica semper fui. Londino ad oppidum quod Gravesende dicitur veni, inde solvens, Caletum 0


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

117

ope mercatoris schismatici absque omni difficultate perveni. Caleto Bruxcellas, Bruxcellis directa via quadraginta dierum itinere Romam veni. Propositi, ad vitam Ecclesiasticam adhuc incertus plane et indeterminatus sum, paratus ilium vitae statum sequi quem Dominus Deus menti inspirabit. tt SUMMARY

[384J BENTLEY Frederick, 20 last St. Mark's day, son of Edward and Catherine, born at Bentley, Derbyshire; brought up there until 11; spent 4 years at St. Omers and 3 years at Douai, one in Rhetoric and two in philosophy, making no progress. Son of impoverished noble Catholic parents, of a family part Catholic and part heretical. Has 4 brothers and 6 sisters all Catholics. Suffered ili health in his 7th year abroad, returned to England for 3 months and recovered. Always a Catholic. From London travelled without difficulty via Gravesend to Calais, with the aid of a schismatic merchant; from Calais went to Brussels, and from Brussels direct to Rome in 40 days. Has not decided to be an ecclesiastic. [385J 1. Nomine proprio Robertus Griffithe dicor. Patris nomen Ioannes dicitur; Mairis Mabella. Anno Domini 1602 novendicemt fui annorum. quinque annos Audomari, reliquum vitae tempus saepius Londini consumpsi. 2. Mediae sortis uterque parens fuit; quorum praecessores variis fortunae casibus . a quinquagintist annis agitati, magnam bonorum sHorum iactura fecerunt. adhuc tamen si sua omnia possiderent sufficiens erit pro iis qui supersunt. Propinquorum autem ali quorum fortunae maxime sufficiunt. Aliqui tamen in obscuris minime nati, qui et fortunae bonis alios omnes, suo rum temporum, amicos antecedebant; in paupertate versantur. Maxima autem pars vel iam Catholici, vel futuri. Sorores tres et omnes Catholicae, Fratres duos habeo, quorum unus, Catholicus est, alterum spero futurum. 3. Latinae sermonis fundamentis Audomari quinque fere annos, operam dedi. Retoricae tamen scientiam non adidici. 4. Prosperam fere semper valetudinem habui. Duorum aliquando dierum spatio (idque non saepius) morbo calculario laborare soleo, qui decem annorum circulo valetudinarium laborantem patris fuit exitum et finis. Aliquando dolore capitis propter visus defectum exagitor. S. Ad decimum usque annum semper Hereticus. amore tamen matris, patrisque Gareti navitate in Ecclesiam receptus fui: eiusque opere et consilio in transmarinas partes eram missurus annos tunc temporis undecim habens; in quo itinere fui interceptus, cum post


118

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

tres menses, pristinam mihi amici libertatem (hac conditione) acquisiverunt, se videlicet quinque centa t libra legalis Anglicanae monetae daturos cum primum (sine venia) patriam relinquerem. Attamen post annum Audomarum veni. Illinc Hispaniam post annos quinque petens, in Anglorum manus incidi, qui viginti septimanis mare incolens tandem Plimothio me deduxerunt. ubi Gorge (illius loci gubernator) vana spe ductus mihi post medium annum libertatem dedit, non tamen ut amici vel propinqui unquam sine venia me viderent. Sed post decolationemt Essexii Commitis, t Gorgius ipsemet in vinculis fuit coniectus; et Insula cum Castello quo praeerat, simulque omnia ipsius bona, Reginae fuerunt confiscata. ubi me denuo in custodiam dedere, dicentes se non posse neque velie mihi libertatem donare nisi Ecclesiam adirem; sic post mensem cum iam omnia paccatat essent, ad Exetrensem Episcopum me miserunt, qui me in commune carcer mitten dum opinabatur: tamen cum causam detentioni meae illi retulissem, simulque intellexisset me nunquam in communi custodia a Gorgio (intimo illius amico) fuisse coniectum, pollicitus est mihi ut supra; si secus facerem, ad locum communem coram Iudicibus, et prius ad carcerem, me esse ducendum aiebat. A quo impetravi ut donec litteras a Gorgio reciperet, me in domo sua deteneret, idque maxime quoniam septuaginta decem milliaria ab ullo amico distabam, nullumque esse qui necessitatibus meis succurret valeret. sed si hoc non condescendere vellet, oravi ut mihi pecunias saltern (sine quibus in carcere vivere non valeret) mutuo daret. Sic primum obtinui et in domo illius mansi; (qui et Schismaticus est, omnesque amici illius Catholici sunt) ubi post diem primum de nomine me rogare cepit, cognoscensque patrem, libenter me demissurum aiebat, seque velie post paululum temporis pollicitus est: et cum pecunias a parentibus pro itinere recepissem, humaniter me demisit. Reliquum tempus in visit an dis amicis consumpsi, quindecim nempe menses. Postea vero Patrem Bernardinum Gardner adivi, qui tunc temporis pater meus spiritualis fuit; quique mihi dixit si Hispaniam vel Romam petere vellem, se litteras curaturum vellt a patre Garnet; vel ab Archipresbitero. I taque aliquorum auratorum equitum litteras procurans (quibus me Parisiis iturum ad legatum dixi) Romam veni. 6. Ecclesiasticam vitam aliam omnem antecellere firmiter teneo et credo, in eaque pro viribus (Dei gratia cooperante) me progressurum sincere polliceor. tt SUMMARY.

[385J GRIFFITH Robert, 19, son of John and Mabel; spent 5 years at St Omers, otherwise has lived mainly in London. Son of middle class parents, whose family have been losing property through ill-fortune for 40 years. (Some of the family are rich, others now poor; most are Catholics or prospective Catholics.) Has 3 sisters Catholics, 1 Catholic brother and 1 prospective Catholic brother. Has learnt Latin for 5 years at St. Omers, but not rhetoric.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

119

Suffers sometimes, for 2 days at a time, from the stone, which killed his father after 10 years as an invalid; suffers from headaches through bad eyesight. A heretic until 9, then converted by his mother and Fr. Gerard, who sent him oversea when 11. Captured on the way, was released after 3 months, on condition that his friends bound themselves to pay ÂŁ500 if he should ever leave the country without permission. Reached St. Omers a year later. Was captured by Englishmen 5 years later when on the way to Spain; was put ashore at Plymouth after 20 weeks at sea. Was released by governor Gorges upon condition 6 months later; was re-imprisoned when Gorges was arrested and deprived of his goods at the death of the Earl of Essex; was transferred a month later to the house of the Bishop of Exeter, who eventually released him. After 15 months spent in visiting friends, went to Fr. Bernadine Gardiner, who offered to obtain him letters from Fr Garnett or the Archpriest for Spain or Rome. Obtained letters from certain knights on pretext of visiting the Ambassador at Paris. and then came to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[386J 1. Ego Eduardus Williamsonus Eduardi Williamsoni filius. Viginti Duo sum annorum circa festum Nativitatis Beatissimae Virgin is Mariae nuper elapsum. In comitatu Lancastriae et natus, et educatus; Woltoniae studui; quam prope villam, donec ad Anglorum collegium Duaci me contulerim, vixi. 2. Parentes mediae sunt sortis, divitiis satis affluentes. praecipue vero amici hi sunt, Eduardus Pendleton, Robertus Baylie. Gulielmus Williamson. Ioannes Williamson: quorum Eduardus Pendleton est valde dives, caeteri mediocres. Omnes, et parentes, et amici sunt Catholici, praeter Ioannem Williamson, qui est haereticus. fratres sunt mihi Tres, tresque sorores. 3. In Anglia decem, vel undecim annos scholas frequentavi, parum tamen studui parvum progressum feci; nisi quod quotidian a lectio ususque audiendi alios ali quid attulerit in literis profectus. Duaci Sintaxi, Poesi, Rhetoricaeque studui; in quibus nisi in initio Sintaxeos non sensi magnam (laus deo) difficultatem. 4. In Anglia prospera valetudine corporis semper usus fui , nisi quod semel per medium fere annum febribus laborarim. Duaci statim post adventum eo tanto capitis dolore afficiebar, ut pene omnes, (quis tamen fuit dolor, aut quomodo mihi accidit ignoro) de vita mea desperarent. sed Dei auxilio sanitatem recuperavi; ex eoque tempore aliquando dolorem capitis, corporis que debilitatem persensi. Animae vero aegritudinem nuHam. 5. Catholicus fui semper quamvis malus; ut ad collegium Anglorum Duaci me referrem pater Garretus, patet Hunt, pater Fordes, pater Lambe aliique Sacerdotes mihi persuadebant. pater etiam naturalis eorum audiendo consilium non me impediebat.


120

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Sic Duacum versus me contuli, sed in itinere captus, et in carcere quinque, vel sex diebus detentus postea ad parentes redire cogebar : cum quibus aliquandiu manens iterum inceptum semel iter suscepi ; Duacum perveni, in collegium receptus fui, et fude a Domino Doctore Worthintono collegium Anglorum Duaci Rectore Romam missus. 6. Vitam me ecclesiasticam (si deo placuerit, bonumque superiortt ibus meis visum fuerit) acturum propono. SUMMARY

[386] WILLIAMSON Edward, 22 last 8th September, son of Edward, born and brought up in Lancashire; educated at Woolton, where he lived until his departure for Douai. Son of rich middle class parents; is kinsman of Edward Pendleton, Robert Bailey, William Williamson, and John Williamson, all rich men; has 3 brothers and 3 sisters; has Catholic parents and kinsfolk, except for John Williamson who is a heretic. Attended school 10 or 11 years with little profit; studied syntax, poetry and rhetoric at Douai, with ease except for the beginning of syntax. Once suffered from fevers for half a year in England; on arrival at Douai suffered from a pain in the head which made all despair of his life. Since his recovery continues to feel headaches and weakness of body. Always a Catholic; was persuaded to go to Douai by Frs Gerard, Hunt, Forde, Lambe and other priests; was captured on the way and imprisoned for 5 or 6 days before being sent back to his parents. Later tried again and reached Douai safely. Was sent to Rome by Dr Worthington, Rector of Douai. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [387] 1. Verum nomen Edwardus ~Tebb. xxvii aut circiter agens annum. natus Witherfeild in comitatu Suffo1ci; eoque in loco usque ad decimum septimum aetatis annum educatus. quo tempore me ad Londinum contuli: ubi quatuor fere annos prentice cum Hugo Peake[?] Silkeman[?] consumpsi. parentes, amicique ex media sorte hominum divitiis mediocriter affluentes, fratres sunt duo, duaeque sorores, quarum una (ut audivi) est catholica. Parentes, caeterosque amicos praecipuos, scismaticos esse opinor: praeter unicam amitam, quae catholic a permanet. 2.t Quatuor fere annos litteris operam dedi, in quibus satis lentum (meo quidem iudicio) feci progressum.. . . 3. t Valitudine (laus deo) plerumque fUl usus secunda; nlS! Londini, ubi nonnihil laboravi adversa. animae morbis nimis diu detentus, sed per dei gratiam peritissimorumque medicorum opem omnes sanatos esse, meque in praesentia, quae dei est gratia, bona animae valitudine uti, et (deo favente) usurum confido. 4. t Haeretico more viginti tres annos in Anglia vixi, inde per patrem fludd ex Societatis Iesu in Belgium missus. atque ibi per


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

121

Reverendum Doctorem Webb patrnmt meum reconciliatus, ubi usque ad adventum, sum commoratus. pro fide vero Catholic a nihil umquam passus. 5. t Vitam ecclesiastic am agere summopere auspico. tt SUMMARY

[387] WEBB Edward, c. 26, born at Withersfield, Suffolk, and brought up there until 16; apprenticed for 4 years to Hugh Peake, "Silkeman". Son of middle class, fairly rich, schismatic family; has 2 brothers and 2 sisters, one of whom is a Catholic, and one Catholic aunt. Studied letters 4 years, making slow progress. Healthy except for one illness in London. After living in heresy 23 years in England was sent to Belgium by Fr Floyd S.]. and there reconciled by his uncle, Dr Webb; has lived there ever since. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [388] Ego GuliheImus Caldwallus parentibus Gulihelmo et Elisabetha, Burtonia super Trentam oppido Staffdi. natus ibique maxima ex parte literis educatus, circiter annum aetatis meae 16um Oxoniam studendi gratia missus fui; ubi primo Universitatis, deinde Mertonensi collegio versatus; gradumque Bacchalaureatus adeptus, studio quodam et desiderio alias regiones videndi commotus, insciis parentibus, praecipuisque amicis, perigrinarit mecum institui. Accepta igitur commodiori mare traiiciendi occasione, Caletum primo, deinde Duacum veni; ibi loci per aliquod tempus cum Reverendo Patre Smitheo Societatis Iesu, aliisque collegii Anglicani eruditissimis viris versatus, ad secundum post mens em Vallesoletum in Hispania appuli, ubi in Collegium receptus fui. lam vero statim aderat tempus, quo iuramentum Ecclesiasticos ordines recipiendi, alumnis futuris suscipiendum fuit; ipse vero, vitae meae rationem non ita tunc temporis instituens, ac tali suscipienti necesse est, superiorum licentia e Collegio discessi. In Patriam vero reversus haud multo post, firmiori proposito, saniorique (summo dei favore) mente imbutus, impetratis in hunc finem primo ex Anglia, eaque de causa litteris, hue veni. Parentum sors conditio que mediocris est, similiter etiam plurimorum paterni sanguinis amicorum; unum solummodo patruum habeo ex praecipuis amicis Catholicum Roberturn Caldwellum generosum patris fratrem natu maximum, caeteri omnes sunt haeretici; amici ex parte matris nobiles sunt, ex quibus praecipui Gu: Moultonus Armiger et eius frater Robertus Moult. et Iohannes Crockerus. armiger. haeretici vero omnes, hunc ultimum habeo patruum solummodo ex parte matris suae non vero patris. Cum ipse ab incunabulis ita inter haereticos parentes et amicos institutus atque educatus fui, ut neque quicquam unquam de Catholica religione accepissem vel audivissem; ab illa mea citra


122

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

voluntatem amicorum ex patria discessione prima mihi conversion is orta est occasio, ut inde ego maiorem divinae solius erga me in tantis animae meae periculis, bonitatis agnoscam semper favorem, quod dum ipse, relictis amicis nescio quo ruerem, misericors deus ansam mihi praebuit et tandem gratiam, quo illis desertis haeresiarum laqueis adhuc irrititist et deceptis, Aegyptiacis illis tenebris ereptus sua causa huc venirem. Nihil pro fide memoria dignum passus fui, patris solummodo minas, qui paulo ante discessum meum iam ultimum ex Anglia, dum existimabat non vero pro certo habebat me fuisse Catholicum dixit se, si ita rever a me inveniret, me statim haereditatis iure privaturum; quam quidem minime, meliorem tamen alibi spero. GULIHELMUS CALDWALLUS. SUMMARY

[388J CALDvVELL William, son of William and Elizabeth, born at Burton on Trent, Staffordshire, and educated there for the most part; sent to Oxford when 15, member first of University College, then of Merton; B.A.; unknown to his parents went to Calais and Douai out of a desire to travel; made friends with Fr Smith S.]. ; 2 months later arrived at Valladolid and was received into the College; later left it, with permission, because of unwillingness to take the oath to receive Orders; made up his mind on return to England and has come to Rome with letters of recommendation. Son of middle class family, all heretics except for his father's eldest brother Robert Caldwell; has noble kinsmen on his mother's side: William Moulton, his brother Robert Moulton, and John Crocker. Knew nothing of Catholicism before his departure from England. (His father, before his last departure from England, suspecting him to be a Catholic, threatened to deprive him of his inheritance. ) [389J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[390J 1. Vero nomine appellor Matthias Wilsonus. Annum compIe vi 20m in festo Sancti Matthiae proxime elapso. Natus sum in Northumbria, in loco cui nomen Catchburne. In studio literarum fui semper educatus. 2. Parentibus honestis natus sum. Fratrem, sororem, cognatum qui inter ecclesiam catholicam sit habeo neminem, praeter unum qui patris sororem duxit, quam puto Catholicum: Reliqui sunt ut vulgus in Anglia solet esse, excepto fratre natu maximo qui haeresi adhaeret. 3. In Anglia operam dedi literis humanioribus. Duaci Philosophi am absolvi; quo fructu aliorum iudicium esto. 4. Fui semper morbis per intervalla obnoxius, ita tamen u t


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

123

studiis aliisque animi corporisque exercitationibus sat temporis ac virium concederetur. S. Opera cuiusdam catholici amici Duacum miss us sum, ibique ecclesiae Catholicae aggregatus. 6. Cupio ecclesiastic am agere vitam. tt SUMMARY

[390J WILSON Matthias, 20 last St Matthias' day, born at Catchburn, Northumberland. Son of respectable parents; has no Catholic kinsfolk except his father's sisters husband. ("The rest are as ' most people usually are in England, except for my eldest brother who cleaves to heresy".) Studied letters in England and completed philosophy at Douai. Suffered from occasional sicknesses, but has always had time and strength for study. Was sent to Douai by a Catholic friend, and there reconciled. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [1603] [391J

[ No Responsa extant]

[392J

Ego Iohannes Yattus generosus filius Edovardi Yatti de Bokeland in comitatu Barks[?]: Armigeri in catholica fide nunc discessi; et frater Edovardi Yatti Armigeri in catholica fide nunc viventis : natus in domo Georgii Giffordii equitis aurati in comitatu Glocestriae appellata Weston: educatus partim domi in Rure, partim apud Alexandrum Brettum catholicum Avunculum meum armigerum in comitatu Somerseti: partim in Academia Oxoniensi apud studium in collegio Magdalensi: partim apud Georgium Giffordum avunculum meum praedictum in Londino : pro reliqua aetatis meae parte foras in bello partim in Hollandia partim in Hungaria. et nuper ab Hungaria Lorettam versus religionis causa discessus posteaque Romam: testor et sine fictione affirmo omnia in hoc scripto inserta esse verissima et sub iuramento meo data et pro veritatis confirmatione manu propria subsignata. By me JOHN YATTE [Endorsed 1604J SUMMARY

[392J YATE John, gentleman, son of the late Edward Yate of Buckland, Berkshire, a Catholic; born at Weston, Gloucestershire (the house of his uncle Sir George Gifford), brought up at home and with his Catholic uncle Alexander Brett in Somersetshire; also at Magdalen College, Oxford, and with Sir George Gifford in London; has fought in the wars in Holland and Hungary; came from Hungary to Loreto for devotions' sake, and thence to Rome.


124

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[393J 1. Vocor Ioannes Iacsonus, annum iam ago 22m et tres menses, natus Londini ibique usque ad annum 9m. vel decimum educatus. 2. Patris nomen Thomas Iacsonus, cives Londinensis, haereticus, mortuus est, nupsit Mater mea quendam nobilem vocatum Nicholaum Comptonum, Lincolniensem, sororem habeo unam haereticam, nullos habeo amicos vel cognatos Catholicos ut scio. 3. Literis incubui Londini usque 9. vel 10m. annum, et postea villa Sancti Alb ani per tres vel quatuor annos, ubi Virgilium, Palnigerum t, comentar. Caesaris et Graecis literis ingressus studiis vacuit, moriente patre. 4. Bene valeo, (deo, beataeque virgini gratias) neque sentio ullo me morbo laborantem, neque laboravi per quinque annos elapsos, quod in febrim incidi. 5. Mortuo patre Eboracum petii cum quodam Iurisperito cui largita est mater pecunias ut per biennium vel triennium me educaret, et vacationibus Terminorum rudimentis Legum Angliae instrueret. Illo Londini existente, movebantur iurgia inter me et fratrem suum Iuniorem, quocirca (post tres menses ibi transactos) ad mat rem redire statui, quibus auditis, frater suus aetate maximus (nam et tres erant) tantummecum agitabat ut Mansionisuae simul periximust donec rediret frater, ubi tunc permansa fuit nobilis quaedam virgo Catholic a, nuper illuc advent a , quacum sepet sermocinans, de fide Catholica multa mihi percontanti dubia refellebat alia aliqua pro tempore illo omisimus, quoniam dixerat se post unum vel alterum diem ad Avitam suam prope habitantem accessuram quae mea dubia removeret, quacum allocuta multa protulit probabilia, de iisque quae tractavimus mihi videbatur a ratione dissentire; ex cognitione autem fratris Reverendi Patris Patris Wright, opiniones illas reliqui; Cum autem hinc discessi dedit mihi nobilis ill a , Rosarium, officium Beatae virgin is et Psalterium Iesu. Alteram cognovi feminam prope nos habitantem, quae soror fuit dominae Clytherow, devotissimam catholic am et multa de Sacerdotibus proferret, ubi vero moram traxere dicere noluit quoniam ut referrebat valde iuvenis fui et tempora periculosa. Comunicantibus demum omnibus domesticis, renui ego, affirmans tenuitatem meam non capacem tam gravissimi misteriit Urgentibus autem; iuvenes annum agentes decimum tertium capaces esse; penitus recusavi donec unum vel alterum annum transactum, Quibus (in quit Iurisperitus) timeo quod inveniam te iuvenem Papistam, et interrogans ubi talem habui librum, dixi me inter alios emisse ex curiositate solummodo; Ille autem. Redibis ad Londinum, et amplius non audivi donec redibam.l Intelligens autem quod Seminarii fuere partibus transmarinis ubi alebantur Catholici iuvenes ut apud Duacum etc. et audiens Reverendum Doctorem Worthingtonum ibi praefuisse, quaesivi unde lIn the margin is written "Officium quod perdideram".


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

125¡

literas illi peterem, nullos inveni qui cognovissent preterquam quendam nominis sui et cognatum sibi habitantem in domo Northamptoniae in quadam villa vocata Brikesworth[?J ubi hospitium exercebat; ad do mum suam accessi tanquam hospitem, et multa de longe ab ilio percontatus, tandem inveni ilium vix faciem suam agnoscere, sed bene et novit et audivit ilIum Duaci prefuisse. t Revertens autem mecum statui (beatissima virgine adiuvante) Duacum petere, et ad viliam Sancti Albani accedens ubi commoravit quidam cognatus meus, apud eum querebam de duritia Matris et petens ab eo pecunias ad quosdam usus, largitus est mihi duos Angelos aureos, et mutuo dedit quadraginta solidos, quibuscum ego hillaris t discessi. Londini existente curavi solummodo fugam inire, et quaedam necessaria mecum portare quibus paratis ad Portum Billingesgate pergo, discessa autem Navicula cogebar iliam noctem permanere et primo mane in aliam descendere, sed circa horam decimam noctis invenit me pater meus in hospitio fecitque ut secum domi revertebar. Postea ad alium Iurisperitum progressus sum per tres menses vel circiter ut exinde ad Aulam Reginet cum quodam nobili per unum mensum et dimidium commoratus. Exinde cum quodam nobili Comitatus Warwiciensis unum annum et dimidium vel circiter vixi cui inserviebant tres Catholici nuper attendentes Illustrissimum Baronum Vaux et eodem temporem t attigi cognitionem cuiusdam domini Valentii Lincolniensis hospitii Catholici quocum sepissimet versatus, permultum mihi profuit in fide Catholica. Iterum Londinum redeo, post tres menses Aulam Reginae tendo, ubi post duos fere annos commoratus cum quodam nobili; ex sua et aliorum tam Illustrissimorum quam nob ilium virorum intercessione, ad Illustrissimum Angliae Legatum Parisiis residentem perveni, qui Mense Decembris ultimi praeteriti in Angliam cum tribus Catholicis et aliis me remisit. Decembris, Ianuarii et pars Februarii mensibus transactis in Galliam redeo, et post unum mensem vel circiter videlicet ixO die Aprilis accepit confession em meam quidam dominus Ioannes Ley, sacerdos Hibemius, et confessor ordinarius in Ecclesia Divi Severini; Quo confessione audita, ad Illustrissimum Sanctitatis suae Nuntium Parisiis resident em accessi qui me ab haeresi absolvit et literis suis ad iliustrissimum Cardinalem Burghesium ex mea parte scriptis, huic urbi perveni. 6. Et deo et mecum (opitulante Iesu et beatissima matre) proposui, sibi primum inservire gratiasque maximas agere, pro infinitis suis beneficiis in me indigne collatis, cumque ad nominis sui gloriam et aliorum in Patria nostra conversionem idoneus reperiar sacros suscipere ordines. tt SUMMARY

[393J JACKSON John, 221, son of Thomas (a heretical Londoner now dead) and his wife (now married to a Lincolnshire nobleman named


126

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Nicholas Compton), born in London and brought up there until 8 or 9; studied letters there and at St Albans for 3 or 4 years, reading Virgil, Palniger[?], Caesar's commentaries and the rudiments of Greek; abandoned studies on the death of his father. Has one heretical sister, no Catholic kinsfolk. Healthy, except for a fever 5 years ago. On the death of his father was sent to be educated for 2 or 3 years by a lawyer at York whom his mother had paid to teach him the rudiments of English Law during vacations. Quarrelled with the lawyer's brother while the lawyer was absent in London; was persuaded by a third, elder, brother not to return home but to remain in his house until the lawyer's return. There met a noble Catholic girl; was impressed by her discussion of religion and answers to his difficulties; on his departure accepted from her a rosary, an Office of the B.V.M. and a Jesus Psalter. Made the acquaintance also of the sister of Mrs Clitherow, who told him much about priests, but refused to reveal their whereabouts because, as she said, he was young and the times were dangerous. "Finally all in the house joined in, but I refused, saying that my tender years were not of sufficient capacity for so serious a mystery. They replied that 12-year-olds had sufficient -capacity; but I refused until a year or two should be passed. 'By which time' said the lawyer 'I fear that I shall find you a young Papist'; and when he asked me where I had got such a book I said that I had bought it among others purely out of curiosity. He said 'Y ou will go back to London' and I heard no more until I went back." Hearing of the seminaries oversea, and learning that Dr. Worthington was president of Douai, he attempted to obtain letters of recommendation, but could find nobody who knew him. Stayed at Brixworth, Northamptonshire, at an inn kept by a cousin and namesake of Dr. Worthington; but discovered that the innkeeper scarcely knew his cousin's face. Decided nevertheless to go to Douai; received no support from his mother; obtained a gift of 10 gold angels and a loan of 40 shillings from a cousin at St. Albans. Having collected necessaries at London went to Billingsgate, but missed the boat and had to stay in an inn overnight waiting for another; was discovered by his father at the tenth hour of the night and taken home. Lived for 3 months with another lawyer, and a month and a half at Court with a certain nobleman; spent a year and a half with a Warwickshire nobleman who had 3 Catholic servants who had previously been in service with Lord Vaux. Made the acquaintance of a Catholic, Mr. Valence of Lincoln's Inn, who was a great help in religious matters. Returned to London, and three months later went to live at Court with a nobleman for about 2 years; was helped by him and other notables to reach Paris; was sent back last December by the English Ambassador there, along with 3 Catholics and others. Returned to France after spending December, January, and part of February in England; confessed his sins on 9 April to Mr. John Lee, an Irish confessor in the church of St. Severin; was


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

127

absolved from heresy by the nuncio at Paris, who gave him letters to Cardinal Borghese in Rome. Desires to receive Orders. [394J

[ No Responsa extantJ

1603 [395J 1. Vocor Iacobus Worthingtonus. aetas annorum sedecim et paulo plus eo. Ortus e provincia Angliae Lancastria. pueritiam ibidem,' adolescentiam contrivi in Belgis. 2. Pater obiit catholicus superstite matre Dorothea item catholica. fratres superstites quinque omnino habeo. sorores quatuor. pro pin qui cognati complures catholici. haeretici avunculi duo et duae amitae. de caeteris non possum dicere. 3. Prima latinae linguae elementa in solo patrio. reliquos progressus hactenus feci in Belgio Audomari. 4. Numquam quod sciam graviter laboravi feb res interdum tamen, et f1uxus ventris semel satis importunus. praeterea magnopere nihil. 5. Ab ortu semper catholicus. Equidem quod ad reliquum vitae cursum pertinet, in animo mihi est Deo favente ad ea me munia comparare, quae intelligo his, qui in hoc collegio ad virtutem doctrinamque erudiuntur, proposita ad augustissimum dico Sacerdotii fastigium. tt Ad maiorem Dei virginisque matris gloriam. SUMMARY

[395J WORTHINGTON John, 16 plus, born in Lancashire & brought up there until he knew Latin rudiments; studied at St. Omers. Son of Catholic parents (the father dead, the mother called Dorothy); has 5 surviving brothers and 4 sisters, and many kinsfolk mainly Catholics; has 2 heretical uncles and 2 heretical aunts. Never seriously ill; has suffered from fevers and once from dysentery. Always a Catholic. Desires to be a priest. [396J 1. Vocor Henricus Clyffus, annum iam ago 18um et fere quatuor menses natus Londini ibique educatus. 2. Patris nomen est Ioannes Clyffus, cives Londinensis haereticus vivus est. fratres habeo duos et sorores quinque omnes haereticas multos habeo amicos et cognatos e quibus tres solum sunt Catholici (videlicet) Georgius Blackwell Archiprebitert, Elizabetha Wilfreda uxor Gulielmi Blakwelli qui publicus est notarius Episcopo Londinensis et avunculus; et Ioannes Clyffus cognatus. 3. Literis incubui Londini usque 12um vel 13 um annum et postea Collegio Sancti Petri Westmonasteriensi per unum annum ubi


128

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Virgilium Ovidium Metamorphoses et Ciceronis orationes legebam ~ graecis etiam literis ingressus, studiis vacuit, schola relinquente. 4. Bene valeo (Deo beataeque virgini gratias) neque sentio ullo me morbo laborantem neque laboravi per quatuor annos elapsos. 5. Per tres annos elapsos cum quodam I urisperito de Scaccario habitavi cui largitus est pater pecunias ut rudimentis legum Scaccarii me instrueret in quo tempore loannes Clyffus qui (ut ante dud) cognatus fuit, et Catholicus: multos libros de Catholica fide tractantes, mihi tradidit, quibus iam lectis, statim fui Schismaticus, imo et in pectore Catholicus, deinde etiam illius opera avunculum meum Georgium Blakwell cognovi quem (ut cognovi) magistrum reliqui, eius tamen consilio, et cum illo unum mensem et dimidium vel circiter vixi : quo tempore, confessionem meam generalem quidam Dominus Fletcher sacerdos accepit, et postea licentia avunculi in has partes perveni. 6. lam vero Deo omnino servire decrevi, quacumque conditjone maiestati suae visum fuerit, et ingentes illi gratias agere, pro infinitis suis beneficiis in me indigne collatis cum que ad nominis sui gloriam et aliorum in patria nostra conversion em idoneus reperiar sacros suscipere ordines perlibentissime spiritualem ill am pugnam inibo, et quoad viribus totis possim, fidei Catholicae obedientemme praebebo servum. tt SUMMARY

[396J CLYFFE Henry, 17 and 4 months, son of John (a heretic of London, still alive), born and brought up in London. Has 2 brothers and 5 sisters all heretics, and many kinsfolk only 3 of whom are Catholics, viz. George Blackwell the Archpriest, Elizabeth wife to his uncle William Blackwell, notary to the Bishop of London, and a cousin John Clyffe. Studied letters at London until 11 or 12, and later for a year at Westminster school where he read Virgil, Ovid's Metamorphoses and Cicero's speeches; left school soon after starting Greek. Healthy these last 4 years. Three years past lived with a lawyer of the Exchequer who was paid by his father to teach him the rudiments of Exchequer law; during this time was given many Catholic books by John Clyffe; was converted to schism by these books; was introduced to his uncle, George Blackwell; lived with him for a month and a half, having left his master on his advice; made a general confession to a priest named Fletcher and came abroad with his uncle's licence. Desires to be a priest. [397J 1. Thomas Lawe nominor, annum ago 18. Remis natus, Duaci educatus fui, ibidem studui. 2. Patrem habeo in comitatu Lancastriae natum nomine Tho: Lawe, qui pro fide catholic a exilio damnatus est, un de in flandriam profectus est, ibique matrimonio coniunctus fuit. mater itaque


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

129

flandra nomine Vanderbecque. Pater collegii Anglicani Duacensis est procurator, mediis sufficientibus vitam transigit. patruos duos habeo in Anglia degentes, unum sacerdotem, alterum maritatum et schismaticum. cognatos ex parte Patris multos habeo, alios aurifabros alios agriculturae operam dantes, qui partim haeretice, partim indifferenter et ad tempus se gerunt, partim chatolicet sapiunt. Soror una et fratres quatuor adhuc supersunt. 3. Grammaticam, Sintaxim, Poesim, Rhetioricamt audivi Duaci in seminario Patrum 5 annis studui. 4. Aequabilem satis valetudinem a prima pueritia traduxi (Deo sit gratia et laus) nisi quod tentationem aliquam febris triduanae satis tamen acerbe lacessitus tulerim; anna etiam proxime elapso pectoris, et capitis dolore aliquantulum sum acerbatus caetera corpus integrum constat studiis, vigiliis laboribusque satis morigerum et par; neque aliqua quod sciam parte adhuc minatur, animum constantem et tranquillum semper habui et corpori concinnum 5. A pueritia catholicus et vere Dei cultor extiti. 6. Ab adolescentia mea hoc unum semper desideravi quomodo ecclesiascicamt agerem vitam. tt THOMAS LAWE SUMMARY

[397J LAWE Thomas, 18, son of Thomas Lawe (born in Lancashire, banished for religion, and now procurator of Douai College) and his Flemish wife, nee Vanderbecque; born at Rheims and educated at Douai. Has two paternal uncles in England, one a priest, one a married schismatic. Has many kinsmen on his father's side, some goldsmiths, some farmers, some heretics, some time-servers, some Catholics. Has 1 sister and 4 brothers surviving. Studied grammar, syntax, poetry and rhetoric 5 years at Douai in the Fathers' seminary. Healthy, save for a triduan ague which he once contracted, and a pain in the head and chest last year. Always a Catholic. Has desired since adolescence to be an ecclesiastic. IOHANNES GROSSE: 1603 [398J 1. Iohannes Grosse nominor annum ago 23 in Comitatu Norfoleiae oppido Iermuthae natus ubi Grammaticae operam dedi, indeque annum aetatis 15 agens, missus Cantabrigiam ibi 8 annos exegi. 2. Parentes mei mortem obiere pater ex familia Grossorum domus ambigua eerte utrum nobilis sit necne id quidem ignoro mater ex Feltonorum genere in Anglia domus haud incognita, pater aura dum istae vesceretur etherea erat mercator in Galliam Daniam Hispaniam et finitimas regiones naves illius variis mercatuum generibus onustas solitus transmittere famae (dum viveret) et fortunae satis amplae; eognatos ex utroque parente habeo complures honoribus in rep. et fortuna florentes, quosdam generosos, nonnullos mercatores, avuneulum quoque unum Theologiae doctorem hereticum magnum et


130

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

literatum bene; hereticos omnes amicos habeo (quantum ego scio) multos tempori ut nunc est inservientes, sorores habeo tres, frat res nullos superstites. 3. Ad Grammaticam, Rhetoricam, Dialecticam et Philosophiam animum applicui aliquantulum etiam Theologiae studio incubui, Cantabrigiae 8 annos studui ubi in Artibus magister evasi. 4. Ab incunabulis vitam incolumen semper me traduxisse memoro, semel tantum febre (alio morbo nullo) me laborasse cognosco, semper habui & habeo nunc corpus sanum, integrum et omni exercitio et studio aptum et idoneum etiamsi non diu post continuo et successivo labore fuerit lassum et defatigatum. Mens quoque mea fuit semper sana in corpore sane passionibus tamen (quod aliis accidit) aliquantulum obnoxia, in dubiis timid a, ne partem sequatur deteriorem, admodum propositi tenax, et difficulter mobilis in iis quae noverit certa, cito irata sed placata citius, nunc autem (deo gratias) tam quieta atque ab omni passione libera ut nisi devotioni et cultui divino in ea locus nullus videtur mihi esse relictus 5. Haereticus natus sum non factus, immo cum lacte matris heresim quoque meam suxisse mihi videor, Calvinismum olebam sicut et caeteri mei parentes et cognati omnes, cuius vestigia sequi et opinionibus adhereret semper magnae operae pretium existimavi : De Catholicis si unquam quicquam fama, alarum suarum remigio auribus meis attulisset, statim odium quoddam tam intestinum, animum meum solebat invadere ut vix aut ne vix quid em linguam meam cohibere et refraenare poteram quin verba scurrilia statim et maledica in illos evomerem. Quam multum iam mutatus ab illo qui prius, et ex illo ramo Calvini inutili, factus sum gratia dei (qua sum illud quod sum) bonus sincerusque Catholicus. Annum aetatis meae 23 agens (quem et nunc ago) paulo ante Nativitatem Domini, dum cognatos et amicos ceteros visitarem Cantabrigiam relique, interea dum apud eos moror, negotio illius sic fiagitante, cognatus quidam meus Suffo1ciensis, nomine Robinsonus illuc quo ego commorabar sese contulit die Sabattit proxime post Epiphaniam, ad prandium invitatus est ubi simul prandia nostra sumpsimus, inter prandendum de variis rebus (fuit enim vir haud mediocris doctrinae et iudicii) varias retulit historias, inter caeteras (non multum enim distabant illius aedes a castello in quo presbyteri et alii Catholici inclusi tenebantur) retulit tragaediam de sacerdote ibi interfecto narrans quoque necis illius modum historia tragediae peracta cepit t , loqui de illorum moribus (cui ego (deo aspirante et inspirante me illius gratia) in neutram obdormivi aurem) dicens eos fuisse homines suae relligioni admodum devotos et deditos et egregie quoque doctos, pemitiosos tamen quia multos ad religion em papisticam (sicut dixit) solebant convertere, fuisse quoque quendam ibi Suffo1ciensem, Alabasterum nomine hominem doctum et non diu ante Cantabrigiensem ego illum nominari audiens et illum dum Cantabrigiae viveret cognoscens etiamsi nulla inter nos familiaritas erat confiata, dixi statim apud me, Hac nocte adibo illum et experiar quales


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

131

homines sunt isti papistae, statim post prandium paravi equum nihil cuiquam referens quorsum vaderem et iliac nocte 12 miliia confeci ubi apud cognatum quendam pernoctavi sequenti die post meridiem (restabant enim 15 miliia et via erat multo luto et imbre conspersa) accessi oppidum et castellum ubi Mr Alabaster teneretur inclusus adivi quem postea non reliqui ante horam noctis septimam vel octavam, interea sermonem soli inivimus de ado ratione imaginum & sanctorum, de operibus bonis et aliis quorum iam non bene memini, cum circiter horam disputacionem provexissemus ilie videns se non pbtuisse persuadere mihi sed se surdo (quod aiunt) narrasse fabulam, tanquam Surdus enim tunc eram et non audiebam, me solum in cubiculo reliquit et revert ens tulit secum sacerdotem Hybemicum nomine patrem Holywoode qui nunc Duaci commoratur et postquam denuo sermonem inissemus cepimus loqui de ecclesia quaenam esset vera, ilii ecclesiam Romanam ipse Anglicanum verum ese affirmavi qui me de statu susceptae provinciae (quoniam Spartam quam nactus essem, tenere vellem et tueri) deiicere non poterant (aut certo (quod verum postea cognovi) potuere sed ego nollem me captum iliis tradere). Sacerdos Hibemicus vi dens me tam pertinacem ecclesiae Anglicanae patronum in sinum manum iniiciens ostendit mihi cartam 7 vel 8 validis rationibus pro ecclesia Romana refertam, quas ego rationes pedegens et eas penitus introspiciens fervor et pertinacia animi remitti cepitt et relaxari, ego tamen dissimulans nolui me iliis tanquam viribus suis victum et subversum tradere. postea accessit alter sacerdos Hispanicus nomine Rogerus qui multa mihi dixit de quibus prius cum iliis disputarem ilie tamen mihi plus persuasit affabili illius loquendi more et sermonis lenitate etiamsi nihil dixit quod non fuit dictum prius quam illi ante vehementia argumentorum etiamsi sub tiles erant et vehementes disputatores. nocte ingruente ad cenam invitant circiter horam post cenam me ad hospitium contuli ubi me in lectum coniiciens eorum argument a in memoriam revocans cepi ilias undique ponderare quas ego cum aequa lance omnes ilias tru tinassem surrexi subito et stans in pedes mihimet dixi. Pro cuI dubio haec est vera religio. postridie ilium mane adivi ut valedicerem cui cum gratias dedissem pro sua humanitate petii lib rum catholicum, qui dedit mihi cathecismum Laurentii Vaux quem cum legissem caepi indies lumen divinae gratiae imbibere hanc meam conversionem non feci cognitam cuiquam amicorum, non diu post denuo adii a quo in iis de quibus dubitarem eram confirmatus illinc profectus sum Cantabrigiam ubi expectabam ex Societate collegii Corporis Christi sed omnia success ere felicius quod socius non sum factus, nam Nordovicensi superintendente mortuo, Collegii nostri magister in locum vacantem electus resignavit locum suum in collegio sine sociorum electione. His rebus ita se habentibus omnia mea Iermutham misi ubi manens mirati sunt amici et cognati quid vellem quod Cantabrigiam reliqueram respondi me parasse locum ut obstruerem illorum ora et sic consulens Magistrum Alabastrum quid melius mihi faciendum


132

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

duxerit, dixit mihi quod si Romam ire vellem ille scriberet literas ad Rectorem Collegii Anglorum ut cum illuc venirem receptus essem sic parans mihi viaticum et necessaria omnia ad iter conficiendum maria transnavigavi, ubi Duaci commorabar donec huc venerim. Nihil passus sum nisi quod navim ascensurus captus sum ab inquisitoribus de Gravesende et missus denuo Londinum ad Thesaurarium ubi deo favente ipse et ceteri comites mei satis bene nos ipsos excusavimus. 6. Omnes ingenii nervos et vires ab initio conversionis meae intendi, nunc intendo et dei gratia intendam posthac quod quando deo placuerit meipsum in biviis erroris et damnationis vagantem ad viam veritatis et aeternae vitae convertere, ipse gratia dei conversus, qui operatur omnia in omnibus gratia illius mecum tt cooperante frat res meos convertam. IOHANNES GROSSE

alias non vero nomine Feltonus. SUMMARY

[398J GROSSE John alias Felton, 22, born and educated in grammar at Yarmouth; spent 8 years at Cambridge. Son of a merchant (now dead) who traded with France, Spain, Denmark etc., whose ships carried various merchandise and gave him fame and great wealth. (His mother, nee Felton, is also dead.) Has many distinguished and rich kinsfolk, some gentry, some merchants; has one uncle a learned heretical S.T.D. ; has 3 sisters, no surviving brothers; all family are heretics, many time-servers. Studied grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, philosophy and theology; M.A. of Cambridge. Healthy, save for a fever once; becomes tired after hard continuous work; is inclined to timidity when in doubt, but obstinate when certain; is quick to anger and quick to make peace; is now free from passion and given entirely to devotion. Was born a Calvinist like all his family, and was always indignant at what he heard about Catholics. When 22, went from Cambridge before Christmas to visit friends; on the Saturday after Epiphany dined with a Suffolk cousin named Robinson who told the story of the priest killed in the castle near his house where Catholics were imprisoned, remarking that the priests there were learned men, devoted to their religion, but pernicious because they converted many to Papistry. Learning that an erudite Suffolk man named Alabaster, whom he had met at Cambridge, was imprisoned there, the respondent decided to go that night to see him and discover what sort of men Papists might be. Saddling a horse after dinner, he rode 12 miles, stayed the night with a friend, rode a further 15 miles the following day on a wet and muddy road, and reached the castle after midday. He talked with Alabaster about the worship of images and saints, good works and similar topics; after an hour, still unconvinced, he was introduced to an Irish priest (Fr. Holywood who now lives at Douai). After a long argument about the rival claims of Romanism and Anglicanism, he was greatly, but secretly, impressed by a paper containing 7 or 8


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

133

reasons for the Roman Church which Holywood produced from his pocket; was further impressed by a Spanish priest named Roger who repeated the arguments of the others in a more affable and persuasive manner. After supper, at 7 or 8 o'clock, he departed to his inn; while in bed he went over all the arguments in his head; suddenly he rose, stood up and said "Without doubt this is the true religion". Returning to the castle on the following morning to express his gratitude, he was given the catechism of Lawrence Vaux, which enlightened him further. Keeping his conversion secret from his family, he returned to Cambridge and was there disappointed of the fellowship which he expected at Corpus Christi. (When the Bishop of Norwich died, the Master, elected to succeed in his place, resigned his place in the College without any election of Fellows.) Leaving Cambridge therefore he sent his property to Yarmouth and sought guidance from Alabaster; who promised to give him letters to the Rector if he wished to go to Rome. Preparing journey money and other necessaries he went to Gravesend, where he was caught by searchers when about to embark and brought back to London. Was examined by the Treasurer, but managed, with his companions, to allay suspicion; crossed to Douai, where he remained until his journey hither. Desires to convert his brethren. 1603. [399J RICHARDUS TOLE 1603 1. Richardus Tole nominor, annum ago 29 in comtatu Warwic. Burmingh. natus. 2. Genus paternum ab antiquo Toleorum stemmate profatum est quorum possessiones multae magnaeque fuerunt, patris vero hoc tempore non plus quam 40018 per annum attingunt magnum aetatis suae tempus scismatice vixit, iam vero Catholice Maternum genus a Langwithiis deducitur, splendida veterique prosapia. Cognatos ex utroque latere complures habeo, alios cives Londinenses alios etiam rure habitantes, ex his sunt qui Catholice sapiunt, alii haeretice vivunt, alii indifferenter se habent, sorores 4, fratres vero 2 unus catholice vivit alter scismatice. 3. Grammaticam Poesin Rhetoricam Wigor, studui per spatium annorum S, unde Burmingh. reversus, ibi 2 annos exegi. 4. Nulla corporis infirmitate laboro, sed totum corpus integrum constat, studiis, vigiliis laboribusque ferendis morigerum. animum constantem et tranquillum habeo, neque de ullis fidei Catholicae partibus dubito. qua religione (deo annuente) perpetuo manebo. S. Prima aetate donec 16 vitae annum transegissem scismatice et negligenter vixi tandemque propinquorum exemplo et fratris persuasione ductus ecclesiae Catholicae meipsum reconciliavi. 6. Omnes animi potentias defixi in hoc proposito, ut hoc unum semper agant et disidentt quomodo dei gloriam in hoc bene bono promoveam, hoc intellectus contemplatur, voluntas satagit, memoria


134

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ruminat, iudicium ponderat, desiderium aestuat, spes captat, totus denique animus versat et agitat. tt RICHARDUS TOLE. SUMMARY

[399J TOLE Richard, 28, born at Birmingham, studied grammar, poetry, and rhetoric at Worcester for 5 years, then returned to Birmingham for 2. Son of the ancient and once rich family of Tole; through his mother descended from the resplendent and ancient Langwiths. (His father, long a schismatic, now a Catholic, has only ÂŁ400 a year.) Has many kinsfolk, some Londoners, others in the country; some Catholics, some heretics, some indifferent; has 4 sisters and 2 brothers, one of whom is a Catholic, the other a schismatic. 1603. [400J IOHANNES LAYTHWAITUS 1603 1. Iohannes Laythwaitus nominor, annum ago ISum. in Comitatu Lancastriae, oppido Wiganiae natus Blacrodii rudioribus literis initiatus; sed inde post parvum temporis intervallum ipse duobus cum fratribus (quod catholici erant parentes) amoti, domum revertimur, ubi a viro quodam catholico vicino instructi, dimidiatam circiter anni part em transegimus. Tandem concessum fuit donec ad maturiorem aetatem perveniremus Wiganiae, scholas frequentare ubi quatuor vel eo amplius annos contrivi. 2. Genus paternum ex Laythwaitorum familia originem suam duxit: quae non nobilis satis tamen opulenta exstitit. Pater autem fidei catholicae adhaerens multumque ab haereticis exagitatus possessiones omnes et facuItates relinquere, et in aliam se patriam conferre cogitur. donec tandem beneficio Henrici Darbiae Comitis bonis restituitur, sub ea tamen conditione ut praedicto se comitis voluntati et arbitrio subiiceret, qui eum, prout sibi expedire videretur, committendi vel dimittendi potestatem habuit. Domi quiete et secure ab omnibus haereticorum insuItibus tutante Comite duorum annorum spatio remansit; quibus expletis, Lancaustriae, iubente eodem, in carcerem iniicitur, in quo vix duos compleverat menses, cum ob corporis infirmitatem libertati redditur, domumque reversus intra unam atque aIteram hebdomadam ab ilio ruinoso corporis domicilio evolavit. Mater ex antiqua Boultonorum stirpe post patris obit urn in eadem fide persistens, trium annorum plus minus spatio bonorum amissione iumentorumque iactura affligitur, sed morte tandem ab iliis omnibus perturbationibus abripitur. Fratres habeo 5 quorum aetate provectissimus defuncta matre muItorum adhortationibus et minis atque haereditatis amittendae metu in haeresim lapsus est; attamen vitae suae cursum pertesust divino (ut spero instinctu inde brevi emersit. Secundus aetate catholicus est, et iam ut mihi relatum fuit sacerdos in Hispania.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

135

Tertius haereticus qui primo vel secundo post mortem matris anno ab ipsis (qui catholicos exagitare solent) satellitibus depraehensust Cestriensi sistitur episcopo; qui tum minis, tum blanditiis eum ad haeresim pellicere conatus est, frustra tamen; torment a et mortem ipsam subire maluit quam a religione sua et proposito deviare. sed multum (ut apparet) dissidunt a verbis facta. postmodum enim, quod adult a non erat aetate, remissus, a quodam suo familiari seducitur, et iam licet omnium inscius, pertinax tamen, et omnia suggerente (uti ait) spiritu facit. Quartus et quintus semper catholice educati: quorum minor Duaci grammaticae operam impendit. Sorores duas (ut spero) habeo superstites, altera nupta altera innuba ambae catholicae. 3. Duaci tres ferme annos exegi, ubi syntaxim, poesin, et Rhetoricam utcumque gustavi 4. Firmum satis et ad subeunda studia bene dispositum corpus semper (laus deo) expertus sum; nec ullo me unquam dolore (nisi capitis) eumque rarum, brevem, nec multum gravem persen tisse memini. 5. Catholicus natus, et educatus semper exstiti. fratris mei intensione et beneficio divini numinis Duacum missus; et ibidem (ut supra) 3 circiter annos consumpsi, nullis antea, vel post negotiis ad-religionem pertinentibus implicatus, nec aliquid passus. 6. Ea mihi demum animo et cordi fore (divino annuente numine) proposui et in mente infixi quae deo placida, superioribus meis grata, et bonorum morum disciplinis consentanea esse videantur.

J OANNES LAYTHWAITUS J OANNES KENSINGTONUS [erased]

SUMMARY

[400] LAYTHWAITE John, alias Kensington, 17, born at Wigan, Lancashire, began his education at Blackrod, but was soon removed with his 2 brothers because of the Catholicism of his parents; returning home was taught for 6 months by a Catholic neighbour; finally was permitted to go to school at Wigan for 4 years or more. Son of a rich but not noble family. (The respondent's father, a Catholic, was forced by heretics to leave his property and live away from home, until he was restored by Henry, Earl of Derby, on condition that he should be subject to his authority. For 2 years he lived safely at home under the Earl's protection but was then imprisoned on his orders in Lancaster, where he became so weak that he was released after about 2 months and died a week or two after his return home. The respondent's mother, of the Bolton family, remained a Catholic after her husband's death, suffered for 3 years the loss of her goods and cattle, and then died.) Has 5 brothers, the eldest of whom lapsed on his mother's death out of fear of losing his inheritance, but has since repented; the second is a Catholic, a priest in Spain, so it is said; the third, when captured by


136

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

the pursuivants a year or two after his mother's death and brought before the Bishop of Chester, bravely resisted all threats and blandishments, but after being released on grounds of youth was perverted by one of his friends and is now a stubborn heretic; the fourth and fifth have always been Catholics and the fifth studied grammar at Douai. Has 2 sisters, one married, both Catholics. Spent 3 years at Douai studying syntax, poetry and rhetoric. Healthy except for rare slight headaches. Always a Catholic; was sent to Douai at his brother's instigation. Desires to do whatever pleases his superiors. 1603. [401] 1. Jacobus Hargrevus nominor, annum ago 19, in comitatu Lancastriae opido Bnmtoniae natus, educatus, ibique usque ad Rhetoricam literarum studio instructus. 2. Pater mercator est (vel saltern isto nomine vocatus) indies[?] a primis annis (meo partu, uxore obeunte) in mercaturis[?J exgeruitt adversa tandem fortuna, servorum fraude iminente bonorum exitio (his quasi coactus) iterum nuptias conserit : marita catholica; ille vero ut spero catholice affectus. duos fratres cum sorore una adhuc supersunt. Cognatos haud paucos habeo alios nobilibus inservientes alios allis rebus incumbentes: aliquos haereticos, plurimos catholice affectos, magis tamen divitias, quam deum sapientes. 3. Duaci part em poeseos audivi: ibique Rhetoricae valedixi. 4. Mediocrem semper corporis valetudinem sensi, magna tamen ex parte fortis et valescens: nisi quod semel in febrim incidissem. et a prima pueritia capitis dolore elaborassem 5. Ab ilio tempore, quo ad maturiorem aetatem perveni Scismaticus semper fui. tandem Sacerdote quodam (nomine Woodroffus) Framingham carcere remanente, patri vicino, et in scholis antea consuetudine coniuncto, quoddam exercitiorum meorum perlegente, me non omnino istam vitae condicionem in quae nunc versor, suscipere rescripsit, unde suis literis et aliorum patrum ibi remanentium acquisitis Duacum veni. 6. Haec quaero, haec cupio: haec volo quantum pro mea posse possum. IACOBUS HARGREVUS. SUMMARY

[401J HARGREAVE James, 19, born at Burnley, Lancashire, and educated there up to Rhetoric. (His father is a Catholic India merchant, who lost his wife in giving birth to the respondent, and was forced to remarry, to a Catholic, through adverse fortune and imminent bankruptcy due to the fraud of servants.) Has 2 brothers and 1 sister surviving; has many kinsfolk, some in service and some in business, some heretics, most worldly Catholics. Studied part of


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

137

poetry and rhetoric at Douai. Enjoys middling health; once had a fever; suffered headaches from childhood. Since reaching maturity has been a schismatic; came to Douai with letters from priests in Framlingham, particularly Mr. Woodruff, a neighbour and schoolfellow of his father's. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [402]

[ No Responsa extant]

[403]

[ No Responsa extant]

[404J

[ No Responsa extant]

[405] 1. Nomen Eduardus Foulerus, patris Walterus Foulerus, Mater longo ante fato defuncta est cuius nomen Maria fuit. 2. Natus in Comitatu de Flint Wallia. 3. Educatus in comitatu Staffordiae paterna domo pro maxima parte, postea ad maturiorem aetatem accedens Oxoniae academiam contulissem, quo loco trium annorum spatio permansissem. 4. Quod ad patris conditionem spectat armiger est, avus per matrem qui appellatur Sheldon armiger, Avunculus Siliard eques, Avunculus Standen armiger, Avunculus Trenbon[?] armiger, Avunculus Montford armiger. 5. Pater Catholicus est, amici partim Catholici, partim schismatici, partim haeretici; sed parte praecipua Catholica. 6. Ratio prima quae me ad Catholic am religion em duxit, fuit educatio, postea amicorum persuasio. 6t. Ratio hunc locum remeandi fuit studii et religionis gratia, modus per licentiam quam assequutus fuerim a domino Sisil propter transire in Galliam. decimo sexto die Maii Anni Domini 1604. EDuARDus FouLERus. SUMMARY

[405] FOWLER Edward, son of Walter and Mary long dead, born in Flintshire, brought up mainly in his father's house in Staffordshire, then 3 years at Oxford. (His father is an esquire, as also his maternal grandfather Sheldon, his uncle Trenbon, his uncle Standen and his uncle Montford. His uncle Sullyard is a knight.) A Catholic by education and the persuasion of his friends; has a Catholic father and mainly Catholic kinsfolk, with some heretics and some schismatics. Received a licence from Cecil to cross into France. Has come hither for the sake of study and religion. 16 May 1604.

[406J 1. nomen meum. est Iohannes Fowlerus 2. nomina parentum. sunt Brianus Fowlerus et Ioanna Fowlera


138

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

3. locus ortus mei. fuerit in parentum domicilio iuxta oppidum Staffordiae intra equidem limit em et cancellum mille passum illinc. 4. studui. Oxoniae apud domum magistri Casei et identidem in aula Glocestriensi 5. vitam egi. partim cum amicis rure partim vero in civitate Londinensi et fere viduo[?J defunctae comiti darbiensi viduae et dominae St John viduae et sorori Roberti Dormori militis inservivi 6. in tenera aetate educatus fui. in domo parentum unicum ante circiter annum apud Leilandiam in comitatu lancastriae similiterque in schola Astoniae in Staffordiensi comitatu sita temp oris consumpsi identidem. 7. conditio status meL fuit instar generosi vitam traducere cum reditu ex terris paternis perque eius donum viginti librorum annuatim recepi pro superstite tantum vitae termino postea vero frater natu maximus domum suo fratri minori et mihi minimo ac utrique diutius viventi libere donavit quam frater ortu minor sibi arripuerit et eandem detinet unde lites et discordiae ortae fuerunt verumtamen nihil inde lucratus sum praeterquam quadraginta solidos 8. status parent urn : ipsi sese habuerunt proinde ac generosos eorum enim vectigaliorum et redituum valor (uti coniecturam faci~m) ad minimum fuerit trecentum vel quatuor centum per annum librarum in pecuniis pater meus non dives apud mortem habebatur sed aere alieno oneratus: vivens semper catholicam professus est fidem eiusdemque ergo in ergastula saepe detrusus fuerit. 9. qua ratione ad fidem conversus sum. enutritus semper proinde ac catholicus donec Oxoniae infeliciter dilapsus in heresim fuerim postea vero cum cognato quodam me conferens in Galliam deo denuo ibi reconciliatus circiter annos tres aut quatuor dilapsos ibique in gravem incidens morbum propter instaurandae salutis rationem memet iterum contulerim in Angliam 10. transitus seu potius adventus ratio ex Anglia. fuit sub venia a domino Cecilio concessa et eiusdem literis patefacta mihi transmigrandi in galliam cum famulo meo. In testimonium veritatis omnium nimirum supradictorum nomen meum huic presenti scripto apposui IOHANNES FOWLERus SUMMARY

[406J FOWLER John, son of Brian and Joanna, born in his father's house near Stafford "within the wall and gate a mile from there", brought up at home, for a year at Leyland, Lancashire, and for a year at Aston school, Staffordshire; studied at Oxford at the house of Master Case and at Gloucester Hall; lived partly with his family in the country and partly in London; served the widow of the Earl of Derby (now dead), the widowed Lady St. John, and the sister of Sir Robert Dormer. Has enough money to live as a gentleman, viz. ÂŁ20 a year from his father's estates for the rest of his life. ("My


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

139

elder brother presented a house to his younger brother and to myself the youngest, and to whichever should live longer; but the younger brother usurped it all for himself, and still keeps it; whence quarrels and discords arose; however, I gained nothing from it besides 40s.") Son of gentry who had ÂŁ300 or ÂŁ400 a year from their estates. (His father was not rich in cash when he died, but burdened with debt; he was always a Catholic and therefore often imprisoned.) Brought up a Catholic, fell into heresy at Oxford; going to France with a kinsman was there reconciled 3 or 4 years ago; fell seriously ill and returned to England to recover. Left England again with written permission from Cecil to cross to France with a servant. [407] Die 24 Octobris 1604 1. Thomas Pennant norninor, annum ago 25um, in Comitatu Flint natus, in loco qui vocatur Bightan[?J, unde aedes paternae nomen traxerunt; primis elementis et Grammaticae in duobus oppidis eiusdem comitatus Harden scilicet et Gwaynerscor operam dedi per sex annos cum dimidio, per duos praeterea Pedagogum habui in domo paterna, postea profectus sum in Aulam Reginae ubi vixi per aliquot septimanas, inde ad Pharmacopaeum virum satis claro et honesto loco natum (cui cognomen Brierton[?J) illius artis discendae causa me contuli, ubi quatuor annos habitavi, sed tandem eo vitae genere mihi amicisque, et praesertim matri minus probato, pacifice, cum voluntate et venia eiusdem Briertonis eb eo discessi. 2. Genus utriusque parentis ab antiquis ortum familiis, et in eo comitatu inter notissimas. Paternum cognomen Pennant, Maternum vero Conway. census seu patrimonium fratris mei maioris natu praeter alias commoditates centum libris Anglicanis per annum aequivalere dicitur, Tres habeo fratres, quatuor sorores et plurimos cognatos ex parente utroque in illis partibus praecipuos viros, tres nempe aut quatuor equites, nonnulli vero generosi satis 0pulentae conditionis; in Aula praeterea Regis sex aut septem, quae officia iam tenent ignoro, ex his omnibus ne unum quidem Catholicum, vel Catholice affectum novi. 3. Studui rudimentis et Grammaticae in locis praedictis Poesi vero et Rhetoricae apud Patres Societatis Audomaropoli de profectu vero in de partim colligi poterit quod in omni classe quam frequenta vi inter primos locum ten ui. 4. Corporis optima semper valetudine usus sum (Deo laus) utorque iam et anima a quo pestilentis haereseos morbo curata est bene valuit. S. Haereticus semper (vel utilius dicam Atheus nam quid profitebar nesciebam) ad vigessimumt aetatis meae annum extiti, medium autem praecipuum conversionis meae ingenue fuisse fateor librum de resolutione conscriptum a Reverendo Patre Personio hic iam Rectori: quare ipsi merito conversionem meam ad Catholicam Fidem (secundum Deum) acceptam referre debeo, nam post libri


140

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

illius lectionem mundi vanitatibus valedicere statui, et post quatuor dies Londino Audomarum veni Romam petiturus, ut illius libri authorem de reliquae vita in Dei servitio traducenda consulerem, verum quodam cruris dolore detentus inceptum iter perficere non potui, sed apud patres Audomari in collegio Anglicano (Deo ut spero ad maius meum bonum ita volent e) morari coactus fui: ubi per annum infirmorum curam accepi, ipsisque medicamenta interdum paravi. deinde Pat res cum doctrinae fundamentis non carerem, me in studiosorum numerum cooptarunt ibique tres annos in studiis supradictis contrivi. 6. Quamvis ad ecclesiasticum seu sacerdotalem statum ob meam solummodo indignitatem (ut ex vero loquar) non valde me proclivem sentio tamen si ad functionem tantam indignum me promovere visum fuerit superiori, eius consilio acquiescam, et omnes animi mei potentias ad animarum lucrum et causam catholicam promovendam Deo adiuvante pro viribus collimabo. tt THOMAS PENNANT. SUMMARY

[407] PENNANT Thomas, 24, born at his father's house at Bigley, Flint, learnt elements and grammar for 6 years at Hawarden and Gwenusker in the same county; studied under a tutor at home for 2 years; went to Court for 7 weeks; lived for 4 years with a well-born apothecary named Brierton, learning his art; left him, on good terms, because such a mode of life was distasteful to himself and his mother and family. Son of parents of ancient family, well known in their county; the mother nee Conway. Has 3 brothers (the patrimony of the eldest is worth about ÂŁ100 a year) and 4 sisters; has many distinguished kinsfolk on both sides, including 3 or 4 knights, several rich gentry and 6 or 7 at Court; no Catholics. Studied poetry and rhetoric with the Jesuits at St. Omers; was always among the first in class. Healthy. A heretic, or rather atheist, until 19 ; converted principally by Fr. Persons' Book of Resolution, which persuaded him to quit the world; left London 4 days after reading it, and went to St. Omers on his way to Rome to consult the author about his choice of a way of life. Was held up at St. Omers by a pain in his leg, cared for the sick there for a year, preparing medicines for them; studied for 3 years. Is not inclined to be an ecclesiastic; will obey superiors if they so advise him. 24 October 1604. [408J 1. Gulielmus Worthingtonus nominor, annum ago 19 in comitatu lancastriae, opido Praestoni natus, usque ad annum septimum in aedibus Thomae Butleri nobilis educatus, postea vero domo Gulielmi Cliftoni duobus annis: ad haec in domo Avunculi uno anno vero Audomarum missus, Rudimentis Grammaticae et Syntaxi operam navit, poesin quidem et Rhetoricam Duaci audivi cum compendio logices.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

141

2. Genus parentum, a familia Worthingtonorum profectum est. non infimae sortis familia: genus vero maternum a Butleris deducitur, prosapia non omnino ignobili. Pater primis quidem ann is haereticus mercaturam exercuit; mortua uxore rebus non succedentibus ad lumen matris ecclesiae fideique Apostolicae conversus obque eandem coactus mercaturam destituit nunc vero propter molestias diumas avara satis, et parca fortuna. Cognatos ex utroque latere non paucos quorum partim mercatores iique haeretici,. partim honesta familia et catholici partim indifferenter sapiunt Sorores, et fratres nulli. 3. Grammaticam, Poesin, Rhetoricam, et compendium Logices vel magis, vel minus in Seminaris Audomari et Duaci delibavi. Reliqua studia delibaturus ad iuditiumt superiorum. 4. Aegram satis prima pueritia valetudinem duxi et saepius triduana febricula molest at us usque in annum 10 de reliquo vero corpore (deo grates) sano satis et firmo nisi quod bis plurisit lacessitus satisque ut spero ad studia reliquosque labores robusto et morigero. meus vero et animus infirmus satis et inconstans hactenus : iam vero examine et spirituali facto exercitio multo saniorem sentio. S. Tota ante acta vita inter catholicos educatus. natus dum pater esset haereticus et ab haeretico ministro babtismatis sacramento lotus haereticos tamen omnes clandestino odio prosecutus sum; e contra vero omnes preces omnia studia omnia vota totos denique nervos in bonum ecclesiae refferret conatus eram. 6. Omnes cogitationes, omnes interiores affectus, et potentias, omnes, atque animi conatus in hoc solo proposito defixi, et defigo ut hoc unum mens semper cupiat, desideret, et agat, quommodo dei eiusque matris gloriam in hoc promoveant hoc tres animae potentiae contemplantur, ingenium rumjnat, et totus denique mens agitate tt GULIELMUS WORTHINGTON US SUMMARY

[408J WORTHINGTON William, 18, born at Preston, Lancashire; brought up until 6 in the house of noble Thomas Butler, then 2 years in the house of William Clifton, and another year in his uncle's house; was sent to St. Omers and studied rudiments, grammar, and syntax there, studied poetry, rhetoric, and some logic at Douai. Son of families not totally undistinguished. (His father, once a heretical merchant, became a Catholic on the death of his wife. nee Butler, and was forced to give up his business, so that he is. now poor.) Has many kinsfolk on both sides, some heretical merchants, others respectable Catholics, others indifferent. Has no brothers or sisters. Was sickly as a child, often had triduan agues until 10; since then healthy save for 2 attacks of pleurisy; was. infirm and inconstant of mind, but has improved since making the spiritual exercises. Was born before his father's conversion and


142,

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

hence baptised by a heretical parson; was always brought up among Catholics, and secretly hated heretics and strove for the good of the Church. Desires the glory of God and of His Mother. [409] 1. Georgius Morganus nominor, annum ago vigessimumt In comitatu Monmothiae Parochi Sancti Michaeli natus, Abergeveniae Gramaticae operam dedi. 2. Genus paternum ab antiquo et generoso Morganorum stemate prolatum est. Genus maternum ab antiquo et generoso Scudamorum stemate. 3. Pater semper haereticus, at paulo ante mortem factus erat chatolicust¡ Mater a primo aetatis curiculot chatolica t erat et usque perseverat. Fratres Quatuor sumus quorum tertius sum. Totidem sorores plerumque chatolici t. 4. Syntaxin et Poesin Duasi studui. 5. Bonam satis corporis valitudinem semper duxi. Semper cor de eram chatolicust atuqe in prima aetate inter chatolicost aeducatust. deinde Londinum missus Leges civiles per annum fere integrum studui in quo sacrum Missae sacrificium non audivi nec in quatuor vel quinque annis anteactis non quod de fide dubitabam sed negligentia quadam. Postea cum Mercatore per septem annos in Londiot ligatus cum quo medium unius anni habitavi, atque eo tempore ad haereticorum tempI a invitus me contuli un de matre instigante Duacum veni. 6. Omnes animae potentias defixi in hoc proposito ut hoc unum semper agam, quomodo Dei gloriam in Eclesiae bono promoveam. t t GEORGIUS MORGAN. hic tamen cupio vocari Georgius Dnigleyt

SUMMARY [409] MORGAN George alias Dingley, 19, born in the parish of St. Michael, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire. Son of ancient & gentle families, the Morgans and the Scudamores; had a heretical father who was reconciled before death and a Catholic mother; has 3 brothers (2 elder) and 4 sisters, mainly Catholics. Studied grammar in Britain, syntax and poetry at Douai. Always healthy. Always a Catholic at heart; was brought up from early days among Catholics. Studied Civil Law for a year in London, during which he missed Mass, as he did for the past 4 or 5 years, through negligence not doubt. Was bound to a merchant in London for 7 years; lived with him for half a year during which he went unwillingly to heretical service; went thence to Douai, at his mother's instigation. Desires the glory of God and the good of the Church.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

143

1604 (410] 1. Vere nominor Iohannes Chapperlin, annum vigesimum vel circiter ago, natus Cirencestria oppido Glocesetrensis Comitatus, quo loco, partibus adiacentibus, et Londini maximam vitae part em duxi. 2. Patrern orturn a veteri Chapperlinorum prosapia, quae quanquam infortuniis umbrata, fecialibus tamen firmamentis suffulta, splendorem omnino non omisit. Matrem natam ex Georgiorum familia venerabili et antiqua. Pater satis opulent us habetur, fide totum haereticus. Matrern nuperrime Sanctae Ecdesiae Catholicae reconciliari curavi, et spero contra viri iras, atque cognatorum importunitates perseveraturam. Fratrem duntaxat unum habeo, consanguineos non nullos divitiis et honoribus satis potentes, quorum omnes fere Calvini opiniones amplectuntur. 3. Grammaticae ac Rhetoricae primum schola Cheltenhamensi, deinde Aetonensi collegio operam dedi, postea, brevi tantum, Oxonii degi, unde vix studiis initiatus a patre vitam scholasticam non valde approbante, revocor: revocatus (post multum temporis ociist, et studiorum intermissionibus consumptum) a cognato Iurisconsulto, patre iubente, Londinurn trahor, ubi invita prorsus Minerva inter leges municipales Angliae versatus sum. Inter has non multum agens, sensim et occulte flectitur animus catholica veritate, dulce dine cuius raptus, finxi causas, patre et amicis reclamantibus paulatim a legibus me distraho, fine plane recuso. Postea investigationi veritatis fidei solum intensus, lectionibus librorum catholicorum (authoribus haereticis cuiuscumque generis etiam intermistis) tam latine quam anglice conscriptorum totus incubui. Et ex illis praesertim hausisse quicquid scientiae habeo vere ingenue que fateor. 4. Corpus habeo sanum, et raro aegritudini obnoxium, bis vel ter in tota vita laboravi febribus, in quas ob nimiam caliditatem medici quorum consiliis usus fui, constitutionem dixere propensam: his evasis de corporali valetudine (porobabilitate loquor) quid dubitern nescio. Animam semper constantem habui, pacis, veritatis, contemplationis amantem. s. Puer haeresi totum inbutus eram, iuvenis autem maturescente iudicio aliquibus Catholicae fidei articulis (nempe Liberi arbitrii, Sacramentique Eucharistiae) assensi: sincere et vehementer de caeteris cognition em et concilium a Deo Optimo Maximo saepe efflagitans. Voturn concedit Deus. nam forte cum viro quodam schismatico de his rebus consultans, petiensque libros quibus mihi legendo amplius satisfacerern, rogatu potiebar. libros lego: Catholicus (quoad fidem) fio. Tamen (quod semper rnihi deplorandum est) vitam et professionem exteriorem interno fidei dono non statim aptavi, sed periculosissirno atque foedissimo schism at is crirnine pollutus annum conversioni proximum ego. Quo tempore ex his partibus Angliam rediit Thomas Strangeus cognatus ob hanc


144

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

causam (ut caeteras erga me benevolentias suas taceam) mihi semper observandissimus et charissimus, a quo iustis et validis rationibus ad cogitationes ecclesiasticae vitae excitabar. assentio consulenti, qui media assequendi propositum spondet: efficit, curatque Catholicum fieri. His actis, rebus paratis, parentibus et amicis clam relictis Galliam una petimus: quin tempestatibus ventisque adversis Dorobernium impellebamur. ibique capimur: coramque Praetore civitatis aliisque magistratibus iussi apparemus. Nobis proponitur iuramentum de Regina (temporibus enim Elizabethae hoc fuit) capite Ecclesiae Anglicanae, quod recusantes Londinum ad summos Reginae Senatores admissi sumus, a quibus examinati in carceres detrudimur. Paulo post moritur Elizabetha, Iacobus regnum occupat, quo imperante, e carceribus quibus detenti eramus quatuor circiter menses, sumus emissi, ami cis pro nobis sub gravem mulct am spondentibus nos quocumque tempore ab illis postularemur ad domum Eboracensem Londino sitam viginti dierum spatio venturos. His conditionibus liberati, iter ego retento, iterumque captus reducor (cum quibusdam aliis huius collegii alumnis qui itineris comites erant) Domino Buckhursto Thesaurarii Angliae officio fungenti, qui benigne et contra spem demisit. Hoc periculum etiam dei providentia evasus Cirencestriam, ubi inter parentes et amicos manebat cognatus, me contuli: ubi incommoditates ipsius carceris acerbiores experibar iras et neglectus parentum,obiurgationes atque importunitates amicorum. restiti tamen ut aequum erat et causae et temp oris memor. Cognatus non minima his angustiis spes mea Londinum revert it paratum itineri iterum etiam faciendo convenientia, mecum que constituit Londino se mis",urum literas quibus certior essem de tempore quo me illuc venire oporteret: quoque securius ad explorationibus amicorum hoc fieri possit, instituit se scribendo succis citreis usurum esse. Abit, literasque secundum pactum mittit, de misterio modoque legendi priusquam discesserat (ut mihi videbatur) satis instruens: ego non recte intelligens quod docuit, nil de mea accersitu (quamquam praesertim de hoc scripserat) more mea literas perscrutans reperio; literas alias remitto, quibus lectis cognatus tempore et vento opportuno invitatus, discedit, reliquitque me infaelicit errore deceptum, multi.;; miseriis involutum. Curavit tamen ante discessum media quo brevi sequerer, sed fidem de hoc qui pollicebantur, non servabant. Interea ego domi multis privatis et publicis gravaminibus onustus expecto; nihil de cognato accipio. Quam ob causam de vita constituenda meditans de re militari deliberarem, qua cogitatione laboranti occurrunt literae a cognato Audomaropoli degenti efflagitantes adventum, mirantes tarditatem. His perlectis sententiam mutavi, et ad iter suscipiendum omnia pa:(,o. Dum haec curarem mittuntur a Summis Regis Senatoribus duo satellites cum literis mandatoriis ad Iusticiarios ut me caperent, coramque ipsis adducerent. Res mihi dei Optimi Maximi providentia nota est, quo cognito fugam meditabar, maximis periculis do mum maestam, totamque turbatam reliqui, Londinum


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

145

inde Audomaropolum attigi. Un de a patribus ibi degentibus et cognato huc missus sum. 6. Ex tempore quo prim urn Ecclesiae Catholicae me inserui, haeresis extirpationem Anglicano praecipue regno mihi primis in votis fuit: negotioque huic in ilIo statu et vocatione cui a viris istarum rerum scientissimis iudicarer aptior inservire flagravi. Conditionem ecclf'siasticam summo semper honore habui, amavi, existimavique primum ad Catholicam fidem nostra miserrima patria propagandam mecum, quam toto proposito ac desiderio studeo, sitio, spero. . tt IOHANNES CHAPPERLINUS. SOMMARY

[410] CHAPPERLIN John, c. 19. born at Cirencester, Gloucestershire; lived thereabout and in London. (His father, of the ancient afflicted family of Chapperlin, is rich and heretical; his mother, of the ancient family of George, has recently been reconciled thanks to his efforts, to the anger of his father and family.) Has 1 brother, and some rich and distinguished kinsmen, almost all Calvinists. Studied grammar and rhetoric at Cheltenham school and at Eton; began studies at Oxford but was soon recalled by his philistine father who sent him, after a period of idleness, to study English municipal law with a lawyer in London. Attracted by Catholicism, he secretly neglected his law studies, and finally devoted himself entirely to the reading of English and Latin religious books mainly by Catholics; from these he derives what knowledge he has. Twice or thrice suffered from fevers, due, according to his doctor, to the propensity of his constitution to excessive heat; is otherwise healthy. Has a constant mind and a love of peace, truth and contemplation. As a boy was completely imbued with heresy; on growing up assented to Catholic doctrine about free will and the Eucharist; prayed successfully for light about other doctrines. Borrowed books from a schismatic friend, and was converted by reading, though he remained in schism for some time. Was finally converted, and interested in the ecclesiastical life, by his cousin Thomas Strange, lately returned to England from Rome. Set out secretly for France with Strange; compelled by bad weather to return to Dover, captured and brought before the Mayor and Magistrates who asked them to take an oath that Queen Elizabeth was head of the Church of England; on refusing sent to Council in London, examined and imprisoned. Four months later, on accession of King James, they were released from prison on their friends giving bail that they would appear within 20 days of being summoned at York House in London. The respondent set out again and was again captured with other alumni of this College; being brought before Lord Buckhurst, the Treasurer, they were unexpectedly dismissed. Went to Cirencester, where Strange was staying with his family; was much abused by his kinsfolk.


146

RESPONSA SCHOLARUM

Remained at home while his cousin went to London to make fresh preparations for the journey, awaiting a letter written in lemon juice to inform him when to leave; misunderstanding his instructions how to read the letter was left behind while his cousin sailed with a fair wind; was failed by those who had promised to help him to follow; thought in despair of becoming a soldier; at last received letters from his cousin at St. Omers urging him to follow. Once again prepared for journey; escaped pursuivants who had been sent for him by the Council with letters to the local Justices; left his family distressed; crossed to St. Omers via London.. Was sent hither by his cousin and the Jesuits. Desires to fight heresy and to be an ecclesiastic. 1604. [411]

[No Responsa extant]

[412]

[No Responsa extant]

[413]

[No Responsa extant]

IOANNEs EDOARDUS. die 15 Decembris anno 1604. 1. Nomen meum est Ioannes Edoardus filius Tomae Edoardi. circiter 200s annos aetatis meae. Columptoniae[?] natus, in infantia autem Exoniae nutritus (ibi enim post nativitatem semper commoratus fuit pater) in iuventute Tautoniae diu educatus, in literis et triviis Oxoniae in collegio Exoniae et in aula Cervina per spatium quinque annorum instructus. 2. Scholasticus ego, medicus pater. amici alii generosi, alii mercatores, alii pauperes omnes denique haeretici veraeque ecclesiae sunt inimici. duo sunt mihi fratres natu minores quatuor sorores. 3. Aliquando dedi operam Philosophiae aliquando Logicae, aliquando Historiis hisce etiam in rebus magis ludens quam studens fui. 4. De sanitate corporis noli dubitare: certe enim valeo. neque vero animo nec anima (deo et animae meae medico gratias) iam doleo. 5. Ab incunabulis semper haereticus fui tandem vero partim animae causa partim iniuriarum gratia instigatus (veritatem iam vobis depingo) patrem, patriam (volente patre) decrevi. in Anglia sacerdotis cuiusdam praeceptis suavitatem fidei Catholicae animo imbibi, postea fidem in Gallia gradatim auxi, deinde de falsis opinionibus et erroribus a doctissimo Scoto victus, sacramentum Burdigale suscepi perfectus denequet et absolutus Catholicus hic factus fui. 6. Hac in fide catholica promitto et iurabo me usque ad mortem perseveraturum et statuta omnia disciplinasque singulas a gubernatoribus institutas dilgenter observaturum. praeterea ex intimis cordis meae partibus polliceor, quod quandocumque superioribus [414]


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

147

istius collegii placebit me istud suavissimum ecclesiasticae vitae onus humeris meis portaturum: et ad iuvandas animas quotiescumque a superioribus meis iniunctum fuerit in Angliam proficissurum t . quibus omnibus meis superscript is coram deo et hominibus iuramentum suscipere quotidie paratus sum. SUMMARY

[414J EDWARDS John, c. 22, son of Thomas, a doctor; born at Columbjohn, brought up at Exeter (whither his father moved after his birth) and later at Taunton; for 5 years studied letters and the trivium at Exeter College and Hart Hall, Oxford. Is related to gentry, merchants and paupers, all heretics. Has 2 younger brothers and 4 sisters. Studied philosophy, logic and history unsystematically. Healthy. A heretic from his cradle, but left England, with his father's consent, partly for his soul's sake and partly because of injuries. Was drawn to Catholicism by a priest in England; grew in faith in France; was freed from error by a learned Scot, reconciled at Bordeaux and made a full Catholic here. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 15 December 1604.

[414bis.J

IOHANNES ROGERS

die 31 mensis Decembris anno 1604 1. Nomen mihi verum est Iohannes Rogers. annum iam aetatis vigessimumt ago in quadam villa oriundus cuius nomen est Feltham (patris mei prius fundus) pertinens ad oppidum quoddam appellatum Froome in Comitatu Somersetensi. a teneris, bonis litteris educatus fui, non semper tamen in uno et eodem loco, maximam vero aetatis meae partem consumpsi in quodam oppido in Comitatu Wilt. quod dicitur Haetesburia ubi artibus humanis per septennium versabar. inde revera Oxoniam petii (sic enim meus pater volebat) ubi in Collegio Oriolensi per dimidiatam anni partem commorabar, et quo tempore domum redii more meo vixi et nihil profeci. biennio prope domi iam consumpto, ad patris mei domum venit quidam miles nomen cui est Richardus Diar (est a privatis cubiculis regis) qui patrem meum ultro rogavit an sibi bene placitum esset, ut filio Domini Harringtoni inservirem qui principi administrat: miles ad me conversus (patris mei animo cognito) interrogabat, an placeret mjhi haec conditio, i~axime, inquam. eris inquit relligione purus (puritanum intef!gebat) nolui. Tandem avunculus meus dominus Stourton a patre meo quaesivit, quidnam ageret, demum (ut breviter dicam) desiderabat ut dominae ipsius uxori administrarem. annuit Pater illuc ego proficiscor, ad dominam advenio, cognate inquit tutelam liberorum meorum tibi committo et in disciplinam tuam trado. cum iam annum illic explevissem, fortuito illuc advenit generosus quidam grandaevus qui nomine dicitur Richardus


148

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Bray qui per decennium Duaci vixit cuius ope Catholicus fiam et pariter non sine summo lab ore per Galliam Duacum transeo. 2. Conditionem me am habes: parentes armigeri et semper ex terris propriis vixerunt: annuus census fundi praedecessorum patris habebatur occentit lib rae monetae anglicanae, cuius iam quarta pars solum remanet. unicos habeo fratrem et sororem quorum ego natu minor sum mater mea occubuit ineunte mea aetate, consanguineos habeo plurimos cuiusque sortis quorum aliqui sunt catholici, pater tamen est Scismaticus. 3. in artibus humanis precipue versatus sum ut supra memini hos tamen tres postremos ann os sine fructu transegi. 4. quod ad valitudinem spectat semper valui ad ipsum usque diem quo Romam revisi. animus diversus fuit pro diversitate locorum et temporum nunc tamen tranquillus et bonus, detque deus ut tendat in meliora. 5. Scismaticus semper fui quoad in supradictum senem incidi, qui meam conversion em non minus desiderabat quam ut transmarinus sim. Quomodo mare transvehebar, breviter exponam. dum essem Londini, audita mihi cuiusdam Galli profectione cum fratre meo ad illum me contuli, quem facillime exoravi ut sub specie servi in Galliam secum proficiscar et sic in tuto ex Anglia evasi. 6. Promitto, et verba mea paratus sum obstringere iurando ut post aliquot annos (interim felix faustumque deo approbante studium meum sit) cum reverentiae vestrae bene visum fuerit ut sacerdotio fungar me libentissime suscepturum. tt JOHANNES ROGERS SUMMARY

[4I4bis] ROGERS John, 19, born at Feltham (once his father's estate) near Frome, Somersetshire, educated in various places; studied humanities 7 years at Heytesbury, Wiltshire, and for It years at Oriel College, Oxford; idled for 2 years at home; refused an invitation of Richard Dyer, of the King's chamber, to serve the son of Lord Harrington at Court, because he did not wish to be a Puritan; accepted an invitation of his uncle, Lord Stourton, to serve his wife; was given charge of his children; a year later was converted to Catholicism and urged to cross the sea by the aged Richard Bray who had lived at Douai 10 years; escaped from England, having persuaded a Frenchman who was leaving London to take him as his servant. Son of armigerous parents who have always lived on their own lands; had ancestors worth ÂŁ800 a year, of which only a quarter now remains. Has 1 brother and 1 sister; is the youngest child, having lost his mother while a baby; has a schismatic father and some Catholic kinsfolk. Was healthy until reaching Rome. Desires to be a priest. 31 December 1604. [415]

[ No Responsa extant]


RESPONSA

[416J

SCHOLARUM

149

RICHARD GARNETT

1605 3 die I unii 1. Richardus Garnettus (Alias fisherus) filius Guilielmi Garnetti, et Mariae uxoris eius. Natus ann os 24 in Cornitatu Lancastriae, in villa quadam quae vocatur Cansfeild. In paterna domo maxima ex parte fui educatus. Literis operam mandavi. primo nimirum in oppido quodam nomine Tunstall. parum distante a loco natali. Tum in oppido celebriori (Kirbielondsdall nominato) tribus miliaribus (a Cansfeild natali villa) distante. deinde secundum parentum arbitrium, et quorundam amicorum persuasu (circiter aetatis annum decimum septimum in quantum coniicio) ad Cantabrigiam, ad capiendum ingenii cultum missus eram. et in Collegio Sanctae Trinitatis (sub Tutore magistro Roberto Cheko) collocatus, quatuor annorum circiter spacium, literis operam dedi. postremo Cantabrigia Relicta, gratiaque videndi parentes (pene senio confectos) alios que meos amicos, contuli me domum. Cumque domi per sex menses fuissem, mortem obiit pater, interea ego in Religione vafrust familiaritatem et societatem quandam cum amicis quibusdam me is catholicis coniunxi. eorumque vitam modumque vivendi bene adnimadvertens. Statim libris quibusdam catholicis perlectis (desiderio mea satisfacientibus) in ecclesiam Catholicam sum receptus, ipsorumque praedictorum amicorum adiumento divino que Auxilio (matris fratribus sororibus, paucisque aliis Relictis) ad hunc usque veni portum, memetipsum dec consecrandi proposito. 2. Sum Artis bachelaureust, parentes fuere plebeii, non ad modum pauperes neque divites, pro statu et conditione indifferentes, iuxta Regionis consuetudinem ex agricultura victum et alia necessaria habentes et omnes mihi consanguinitate et affinitate coniuncti eundem fere vivendi modum tenent. sunt mihi duo fratres, tres sorores parum Religiosi, sed ad communem Regionis modum viventes. multos habeo cognatos et amicos catholicos, unumque Regno Reginae Mariae Sacerdotem ordinatum modo viventem aliosque habeo amicos valde haereticos. 3. Studui Cantabrigiae, literis humanioribus operam navavi, et graecae linguae Rudimentis, parumque artem didici logicam. 4. Nunquam me aegrotasse memini (nisi semel in pueritia) corpus quidem sanum robustumque existit, nisi aliquando reuma, pituita, et flegmate laboro. 5. Cantabrigia ut praedixi relicta gratia videndi et visitandi parentes aliosque arnicos, inveniebam quosdam libros catholicos, inter quosdam amicorum meorum, et quibus unus fuit qui inscriptus erat Christiana directio etc vulgo autem Resolutio Reverendi patris R.p. quo perlecto et diligenter animo, ponderato dolere et pigere incepi me tam multum temp oris otiose consumpsisse, et in pravis viis tam longe ambulasse sed non dum animo satisfactus, inveni alium de tribus Angliae conversionibus inscriptum, ibi vidi principium et progressum ecclesiae protestantium et aliorum haereticorum magnopere inter se discrepantiam, hos et alios quamplurimos K


150

RESPONSA SCHOLARUM

perlegendo, omnibus que dubiis solutis, a Reverendo patre Iohanne Redmano (cui multas debeo gratias) reconciliatus, et fide catholica instructus, tandem in ecclesiam catholic am eram receptus deinde ex comitatu Lancastria cum optimo reverendoque patre Rowlando Battie commigravi, eiusque consilio et adiumento fretus, ad hanc usque urbem, iter habui tutum et divina providentia valde prosperum. 6. Cum hoc a principio mecum semper proposui, reverendi patris Rectoris authoritati meipsum omnino submittere, eiusque beneplacito totaliter tradere. et cum religionis causa me, omnia reliquisse deum obtestor, ut penitus meipsum eius voluntati consecrarem, nihil magis in votis habeo quam ut in vinea sua dignus operarius evaderem. tt SUMMARY [416J GARNETT Richard, alias Fisher, 24, son of William and Mary his wife, born at Cansfield, Lancashire, brought up at home, learnt letters at nearby Tunstall, then at Kirby Lonsdale, 3 miles from home; went to Cambridge at 16 and studied humanities, Greek, and a little logic for 4 years at Trinity College, being tutored by Robert Cheke, M.A.; B.A.; returned home from Cambridge to visit aged parents, six months before his father's death. Began to mix with Catholics and to read Catholic books, especially Fr. Person's Book of Resolution; repented of his idle life; was converted by reading The Three Conversions of England and other books; was received into the Church by Fr. John Redman; left Lancashire with Fr. Rowland Battie, came hither. Son of plebeian parents of moderate means, who farm as do all his kinsfolk. Has 2 brothers and 3 sisters, not religious but living as others do in those parts; has many Catholic friends and kinsfolk, one a Marian priest still surviving; others very heretical. N ever ill since childhood, except for colds, rheum and phlegm. Desires to work in the vineyard. 3 June 1605. [417J 1. Richardus Nightingalus est mihi verum nomen, usque ad vigesimum annum aetatis meae sum provectus, Novae Maltonae natus educatusque. 2. Cuthbartus nomen Patris, plebeae sortis, ac condition is, fratres duo, sorores tres, cognati omnes (uno avunculo solo excepto) sunt haeretici. 3. Cantabrigiae aliquando studui, operamque dabam studio logices. 4. Valitudinet corporis semper fruebar, animi vero non. 5. Haereticus fere semper nisi quod circa Pascham ecclesiae (praedicto avunculo sacerdote) eram redactus, pro ea nihil passus. 6. Ecclesiasticam vitam agere, disciplinas institutaque collegii observare, in animo habeo, ac firmiter tenere fidem dabo. Per me RICHARDUM NIGHTINGALUM Ebroacensem sed vocor CARLEL:


RESPONSA ' SCHOLARUM

151

SUMMARY

[417J NIGHTINGALE Richard, alias Carlisle, son of Cuthbert ("of plebean fortune and condition"), born and brought up at New Malton, Yorkshire; studied logic at Cambridge. Has 2 brothers and 3 sisters; has only heretical kinsfolk except for one uncle a priest. Always healthy in body; not so in mind. A heretic until reconciled at Easter by his uncle. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [418J 1. Jacobus Gantus filius Guilielmi Ganti viginti quinque circiter annorum natus in comitatu Lancastriae, in eodemque loco educatus ibique etiam studiosus ad vicesimum secundum meae aetatis annum vixi. 2. Conditio parentum, praecipuorumque amicorum est mediae sortis. fratres vero sorores, et cognati fere omnes, quos habeo, vel sunt catholici, vel schismatici. 3. Studio literaturarum uno anno in collegio duacensi Anglorum opera!? dedi; ac ceteris duobus annis studio Philosophiae ibidem vacavl. 4. Valitudinem quidem firm am hac tenus fere semper habui. 5. Ad fidem catholicam, divina erga me bonitate, consilio parentum, qui sunt catholici, ac bono unius sacerdotis auxilio perductus fui, pro qua nihil passus praeter amisionem t parum pecuniae. 6. Denique firmam intentionem habeo vitam ecclesiasticam degere: tt Dato tertio die Octobris: Anno Domini 1605. SUMMARY

[418J GAUNT James, c. 25, son of William, born and brought up in Lancashire, where he studied until 21. Son of middle class family, has brothers and sisters and cousins, Catholics or schismatics. Studied letters 1 year, and philosophy 2 years, at Douai. Healthy. Brought to Catholicism by the advice of Catholic parents and the help of a priest; has suffered nothing for religion except a small financial loss. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 3 October 1605. [419J Gulielmus Drureus viginti annorum Exsexia oriundus Londini plerumque educatus, et deinde Audomari. Patre natus Guilielmo Drureo Doctore, et iudice curiae praerogativae; matre autem Maria Southwell: Hac adhuc vivente et nuper ad fidem catholic am conversa: illo autem ab annis sedecim, cum paulo ante in Ecclesiam reciperetur converso. Frat res , sorores, et cognati paene omnes, quos novi, sunt conversi.


152

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Londini humanitati studere incepi; hanc Audomari perfeci. Dolore aegritudine nulla impedior, quo minus institutam hanc vivendi, et studendi ration em prosequar, nec unquam ullo morbo graviter laboravi. Sororis opera, quae Domino Richardo Aringtonio, viro, et nobill et imprimis catholico fuit in matrimonium data in Ecclesiam receptus sum, abhinc annis quatuor, aut eo amplius, authore Domino Henrico Standish praebyterot, statim autem a conversione ex Anglia discessi. Vitam Ecclesiasticam inire propono, tt GUILIELMUS BEDFORD US, alias vero nomine DRUREus. SUMMARY [419J DRURY William, alias Bedford, 20, son of William (a Doctor and Judge of the Prerogative Court, converted shortly before his death 16 years ago) and Mary Southwell (still living, and recently converted to Catholicism) born in Essex; studied humanities in London and at St. Omers. Has brothers, sisters, and cousins, almost all converts. Healthy. Was received into the Church 4 years ago by Mr. Henry Standish, priest, at the suggestion of his sister, who is married to Richard Harrington, a noble Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[420J 1. Robertus Bedfordus, alias Drury annos natus octodecim, Midelsexia oriundus, Londini praecipue educatus. 2. Patre Guillelmo Drury Suffolciensi nobill Iuris doctore, pluribus abhinc annis mortuo, et quidem in ipsa ut opinor morte converso; Matre autem Maria Southwell Norfolciensi similiter nobili, adhuc viva, et ante unum et alterum annum a schismate, in quod plurimis ante annis, ab initio aetatis catholica, delapsa fuerat ad eandem ipsam fidem catholicam revocata. Fratres habeo Iohannem Georgium et Guilielmum, sorores Brigittam et Elizabetham, omnes, hac ultima excepta, catholicos. 3. Londini, ante conversionem praecipue, literis humanioribus, aliquo licet exiguo profectu, operam dedi, inde revocatus, et conversus Audomarum veni, ubi huiusmodi studiorum decursum, multo quam ante fae1icius absolvi. 4. Valetudine corporis simul et animae (excepta ilia qua primum laborabam Haeresi) hac tenus divina gratia assistente usus sum satis firma. 5. Anno aetatis 14to ad fidem Catholicam primum perductus adiuvante Brigitta sorore natu maiore, tribusque post men sib us in Belgiam missus, hucusque Audomari studiis operam navavi. 6. Vitam degere Ecclesiasticam plane proposui. tt ROBERTus BEDFORDUS, alias DRURY


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

153

SUMMARY

[420] DRURY Robert, alias Bedford, 18, son of William of Suffolk (a noble Doctor of Law, converted before his death long ago) and Mary Southwell of Norfolk (noble, surviving, and converted a year or two ago from the schism into which she lapsed many years ago). Has brothers George and William, and sisters Bridget and Elizabeth, all Catholics except the last. Studied letters at London with little progress, converted through his eldest sister Bridget when 14, sent to Belgium 3 months later, completed humanities at St. Omers with better success. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [421] 1. Ego Iohannes Pluncketus decimum fere aetatis annum octavum complevi, in civitate Londini natus, saluberrimoque literarum studio semper deditus. 2. Parentes habeo catholicos, unicum tantum cognatum catholicum habeo, patrem habeo artificem : 3. magno cum profectu et progressu sapientiae studio operam dedi : 4. numquam ulla aegritudine fui oppressus 5. hos duos tan tum annos in catholica religione consumpsi, ad veramque hanc fidem per dominum Flintum fui vocatus, nihil pro ea passus. 6. cupio, et exopto vitam eclesiasticam ducere collegiique disciplinam, dum hic maneo semper observare. IOHANNES PLUNCKETUS: SUMMARY

[421] PLUNKET John, almost 18, son of an artisan, born in London and educated in letters. Son of Catholic parents; has only one Catholic kinsman. Healthy. Was reconciled 2 years ago by Mr. F1int. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [422] 1. Hoc nomen Richardus Amoldus, a parentibus acceptum, mihi verum, licet modo non divulgatum esse confiteor. Nativitatis pariter educationis locus fuit Hampstall Ridware, quo etiam loco atque allis deinde pagis eundem circa locum bonarum litterarum emolumenta accepi. 2. Ego simul et parentes plebeum vivendi morem secuti sumus. Duos mihi fraternitate coniunctos habeo. Pater fratrumque alter sunt schismatici: mater ac perinde alter Catholici. 3. Studia quibus operam dederim, sunt. Sintaxis et Poesis. . 4. Nullam ego aegritudinem sentio, vel aliquando permansuram sentii. 5. Schismaticae ali quando fui religionis particeps per 13 annos


154

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

in isto statu extiti, et hic decimus octavus vel perinde annus extat. partim per matris, per sacerdotis praecipue auxilium, veritatem fui complexus, in qua modo usque perseveravi, propter quam dirisionemst ali quoties fui perpessus. Litteras habui Duaco summo ex sacerdote in Anglia commendatitias. 6. Totum propositum, totum etiam meum quodque desiderium, ad vitam ecclesiasticam quod sentio agendam, dum collegii fruar bonis. est. me, measque actiones ad superiorum placitum dirigi. Quod ut perficiatur, det Deus Optimus Maximus. RrcHARDus ARNOLD US alias AUDLEUS. Finis SUMMARY [422] ARNOLD Richard, alias (and better known as) Audley, c. 17. born and brought up at Hampstable Ridware; studied syntax and poetry thereabout. Son of a plebeian schismatic father and a plebeian Catholic mother; has one Catholic brother and one schismatic brother. Healthy. Was a schismatic for 13 years, was converted through his mother and a priest, and has remained faithful in spite of derision. Obtained letters to Douai from the Archpriest. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[423J 1. Gulielmus Shackleton in Comitatu Lancastriae natus vigesimum primum aetatis suae annum complevit, iamque vigesimum secundum agit. 2. Parentes mei nec divites sunt nec pauperes, sed mediae sortis condicionisque. Fratrem unum natu maiorem habeo, quam pater (qui iam in vivis est) haeredem ex asse constituit, ambo tamen cum multis ex amicis meis sunt schismatici. 3. Per decursum septem annorum in adult a aetate ad literarum cognition em imbibendam a parentibus ad scholam missus fui, provectiore autem aetate Ministri cuiusdam Lutherani nepotis mei suasu Oxoniam petii ubi annum unum integrum in relegendis classicis authoribus quos rure didici transegi, itemque duos annos in dialectices speculationibus (quamvis minimo cum profectu) locavi. 4. Quantum ad corporis mei sanitatem spectat, ab eo tempore, ex quo faeliciter ex Anglia discessi, per duas septimanas Audomaropoli semel febricitans exstiti; in praesenti tamen (ut mea fert opinio) post longinquum meum iter sum prorsus valetudine integra et confirmata. 5. Ex frequenti lectione decem rationum aPe Campiano conscriptarum fidei catholicae amore captus Academia post tres annos relict a ad cognatum meum virum catholicum in Essexiae Comitatu habitantem e vestigio me contuli; ubi per biennium omnibus fere aliis studiis omissis avitae fidei praeceptis institutisque imbui summopere contendi; ad ecclesiam tandem catholicam magno erga


RESPONSA SCHOLARUM

155

me dei beneficio reconciliatus patris cuisdam Societatis Jesu hortatu transfretavi, Audomarumque appuli ibique annum integrum studiis meis (tam diu intermissis) ope ram navavi et sic Romam missus fui. 6. Me firmo proposito ac incredibili paene ecclesiasticae vitae transigendae studio teneri cum patrem patriamque eapropter reliquerim luculenter satis ostendit. tt Ad maiorem dei gloriam GULIELMUS SHACKLETON. alias STANTON US SUMMARY [423J SHACKLETON William, alias Stanton, 21, born in Lancashire of middle class parents; has one elder brother whom his father (still living) has made heir to the whole estate; both, like most of the family, are schismatics. Attended school 7 years in adulthood to learn letters ; was persuaded by his nephew, a Lutheran parson, to go to Oxford where he spent a year re-reading the classical authors he had read in the country, and 2 years in dialectical speculation without profit. Had a fever for 2 weeks at St. Omers on arriving from England; is now restored to health after his long journey. Was drawn to Catholicism by frequent reading of Campion's Ten reasons; leaving the University after 3 years, went to live with a Catholic kinsman in Essex for 2 years, learning about the old religion; was reconciled and crossed the sea at the advice of a Jesuit; studied a year at St. Omers and was sent to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [424] 1. Robertus Sewardus. Herefordiensis filius Gulielmi Sewardi natus anno 1583 mense Julio et baptizatus xxiiii die eiusdem mensis. in urbe Herefordia natus et ibidem studiosus. 2. pater fortunae mediocris, filius primarii civitatis, ipse nunquam dignitatem civic am consecutus. uxorem ex familia Beringtoniana duxit, ex qua xvi liberos habuit quorum xiii adhuc vivunt haeretici omnes excepto uno aut altero schismatico, et meipso catholico. 3. Studui linguae latinae, et musicae usque ad annum xiiii in literis latin is nihil admodum in music a parum proficiens postea cum medico iiibus annis habitavi. 4. valetudine semper optima fui nisi duobus hisce superioribus annis iam vero a medio anno convalui 5. In haeresi educatus sum usque ad annum xvii deinde opera domini mei domini Strange, et Reverendi Patris Patris Coffin factus sum catholicus et cum eodem magistro Audomarum veni, et consuptist ibi amplius v ann,is in literis humanioribus Romam a Superioribus missus sum. anno aetatis meae xxiido. 6. Vitam ecclesiasticam agere et huius collegii disciplinam servare per dei optimi maximi gratiam summopere desidero. ROBERTUS SEWARD US. vocor autem ROBERTUS BERINGTONUS


156

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[424J SEWARD Robert, alias Berington, son of William, born July 1583 and baptised 24 July 1583; born and educated in Hereford. (His father, of moderate fortune, was the son of the leading citizen, but never acquired civic dignity himself; he married a wife from the Berington family and had 16 children by her, of whom 13 survive, all heretics except for the respondent and one or two schismatics.) Studied Latin and music until 13, making no progress in Latin and little in music; lived 3 years with a doctor. Healthy until 2 years ago; recovered 6 months ago. Was brought up a heretic until 16, was then converted by Mr. Strange and Fr. Coffin, with whom he came to St. Omers, where he studied humanities 5 years and was then sent to Rome in his 22nd year. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [425J Thomas Shellaeus annis natus 19, oriundus ex Sussexeia: educatus, maxima ex parte, in domo Patris et Audomari. Pater adhuc cum Noverca superstes; Mater mortua; omnes Catholici. Fratres omnes et sorores, Cognati etiam (quantum scio) Catholici exsistunt. Intra domestic os parietes aliquamdiu, praesertim vero Audomari, studiis operam navavi. Quod ad valetudinem attinet (licet interdum valetudinarius) plerumque tamen bona usus sum valetudine. Tenera adhuc aetate, priusquam patriam, religionis causa deserui. deinde vero Catholicus religione Catholica non sum imbutus; semper exstiti. Desiderio vel maximo teneor, cum Ecclesiasticam vitam agendi, tum huius Collegii disciplinam dum hic mansero observandi. SUMMARY

[425J SHELLEY Thomas, 19, of Sussex; educated in his father's house and at St. Omers. (His mother is dead, his father has remarried; all are Catholics, as are his brothers, sisters and kinsfolk.) Usually healthy. A Catholic since leaving England for religion's sake. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1605

1605

[426J 1. Verum nomen Edoardus Atslous quod et patris nomen erat ~ Matris vero nomen frances Wingfeild. Natus sum anno Dominl 1584 decrescente, Londini. Educatus sum in Essexia ubi et vixi et studui. 2. Conditio parentum praecipuorum amicorum et mea media censu non ita divite. fratres habeo duos, sorores tres, cognatum quem sciam unicum, omnes catholicos.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

157

3. Studui literis humanioribus et aliquem (Deo sit gloria) feci progressum. 4. Valetudo duo bus his annis proxime transactis non ita constans, causa sola et unica obstructio corporis habui enim experientiam laxato corpore rectissime valeo. Laboravi aliquando oculis iamdiu vero laus Deo non sensi. Quod ad animam magnas aliquando molestias habui et certe non sum adhuc ita liber ut desyderaremt. 5. Haereticus fui usque ad annum aetatis 15um inductus sum ad fidem catholicam per cognatum, reconciliavit vero P. Filcocke cuius etiam .opera ex Anglia missus sum. 6. Desyderium t meum et propositum ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam et observandam Collegii disciplinam dum bic mansero tale est ut quotidie oraverim et posthac orabo (quod ad maiorem Dei Beatissimaeque Virginis sit gloriam) ut multum augeatur. EDOARDUS ATSLOUS, alias WINGFEILD SUMMARY [426] ATSLOW Edward, alias Wingfield, son of Edward and Frances Wingfield, born at London towards the end of 1584; lived and studied in Essex. Son of middle class family, has 2 brothers, 3 sisters, 1 known cousin, all Catholics. Has suffered ill-health these last 2 years, due to obstruction of body (for when his body is relaxed he is healthy). Suffered formerly from bad eyesight. A heretic until 14, converted by his cousin, reconciled and sent from England by Fr. Filcock. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[Endorsed: 1606] [427] 1. Anthonius Grenewaye filius Anthonii Grenewaye et Wenefridae uxoris eius, circa 27um aut 28um aetatis meae annum Romam veni; Natus sum Leckhamstediae in comitatu Buckinghamiae, Educatus in paternis aedibus, undecimum agens annum Oxonium adductus, in collegio Magdalenensi totos prope novem annos consumpsi. reliquum temporis variis in locis, plerumque vero Londini et in Belgia profusum, ignoscat Dominus. 2. Anthonius pater, Eques auratus reditus habet ad summam 500 1. Wenefreyda mater ex equestri familia Harecourtiorum. fratres tres habeo duos me natu maiores unum minorem sororem unicam armigero cuidam Noacho Fludde nuptam. Deus illos ex haeresi qua decipiuntur vindicet. Consanguinitate nobis adiunguntur familiae, Leeorum ex qua reverendus pater Rogerus Lee. et Ingolsbeorum. utraeque Equestres, in prima rari, in altera nulli Catholici reperiuntur. Gualterus Harecourte cognatus primus ex parte matris Eques auratus, Scismaticus habetur; ipsius filius natu maximus Robertus una cum uxore sua Francisca sorore Francisci Veri militis, fidem Catholicam sincere profitentur. 3. Oxonii cursum philosophiae absolvi, quam autem perfecte, aut


158

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

quid ex ilio tempore effluxerit non satis habeo compertum. Historia, Poetas, et nonnihil etiam in philosophia praeteritis his annis legi, et in iliis cum aliquibus eruditis me rap tim exercui. 4. Prospera ex dei benignitate sum usus valetudine, nisi quod Oxonii Reumate violentissimo per duos aut tres annos afflictus fui. quod tandem mihi depulit Tabaccum, medicis consulentibus acceptum, ipsius vero usum vel morte molestiorem, antequam huc advenerim non potui deponere, nunc autem me spero ips urn penitus effugisse. faxit deus ut una depravatos omnes habitus adolescenti incauto in haeresi et otio contractos, in ipso limine sacrarum aedium excusserim. 5. Observata Haereticorum literatorum nequitia, et inter se dissidentia; primo ex curiositate fidei Catholicae attendebam, ubi vero ipsius maiestatem et sinceritatem singulari dei gratia aspexerim, illud quidem partim ex lectione, partim ex quotidiano cum familiaribus ea de re sermone, vel primi quidem iliorum quibuscum tunc temporis familiariter vixi, extiterunt, praefatus Robertus Harecourte et Thomas Studder miles et quidem Iosephus Davisius qui scientias primis quod aiunt labris gustaverat, et primas inter facet os tenuit, omnes vero Scismatici. miserrimum animae meae fluctuantis statum contemplatus. Optavi ut ali quem sacerdotem qui mihi quem post aliquantum temporis opera succurreret invenirem: eiusdem Iosephi nactus; in eo dignatus est Deus me in Ecclesiae sinum recipiendum, cum 21 aut 22 in haeresi egissem annos. Nondum dignatus est me Dominus quicquam pro nomine suo pati, ni immensa ips ius misericordia molestias mihi ab amicis haereticis exhibitas, et nonullas fortunas hac de causa repudiatas imputaverit. In Flandriam animo militandi primo veni, postea vero ilia sententia deposita, non praeter divinam uti spero voluntatem; a venerabilibus amicis confirmatus Romam me sacrorum studio rum causa contuli. 6. Vel primum mihi est in votis, ut ubi reverendis superioribus aptus videar evasisse, vitam profitear Ecclesiasticam. tt ANTHONIUS GRENEWAYEo SUMMARY

[427J GREENWAY Antony, 26 or 27, son of Sir Antony (who has ÂŁ500 a year) and Winifred Harcourt, born at Leckhampstead, Buckinghamshire, brought up in his father's house, sent to Oxford at 10, spent almost 9 years at Magdalen, wasted much time later at London and in Belgium. Has 3 brothers (2 older) and 1 younger sister married to Noah Flood Esq., all heretics. Is related to the Lee family, including Fr. Roger Lee, and to the Ingoldsbys, both knightly families with no Catholics in the latter and few in the former; through his mother is first cousin to Sir Walter Harcourt, schismatic, whose eldest son Robert, like his wife Frances, the sister of Sir Francis Vere, is a Catholic. Finished philosophy at Oxford with dubious success; has recently read and discussed history, poetry and


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

159

philosophy. Healthy, except that for 2 years at Oxford he was afflicted with rheum, which was cured, on the advice of his doctor, by the use of Tobacco, a remedy which is worse than death. Having observed the wickedness and disagreement of heretics, was drawn to Catholicism out of curiosity; was brought to see its majesty by reading and by talking to schismatics Robert Harcourt, Sir Thomas Studder, and Joseph Davis, dilettante and wit. Was brought by the latter to a priest who reconciled him after 21 or 22 years in heresy; has suffered nothing for the Faith except for lost niches¡and rebuffs from heretical friends. Went to Flanders to serve as a soldier, but changed his mind and has come to Rome to study. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [Endorsed "1606"]. [427bisJ

ELIAS TOMKINS

Anno 1605 J unii 4 0 1. Nomen mihi verum est Elias Tompkins alias Robertus Ashfield aetatis anni sunt septem et viginti, vel circiter. Locus nativitatis est quoddam oppidum in Comitatu Herefordiae quod dicitur Withington, Educatio mea ad annum aetatis meae decimum quintum maxima ex parte fuit in schola publica civitatis Herefordiae, ubi Grammaticae studui deinde pater me in universitatem Oxoniensem educandum curavit, ibi in Collegio Aenei Nasi per tres annos Dialecticae studui, exinde autem ad pat rem reversus in oppido Withington praedicto habitantem ibi et allis eiusdem comitatus locis ut etiam in comitatu Wigomiae in domo cuiusdam Iohannis Goweri generosi quae Woodhall appellata est, liberos in latina lingua erudivl 2. Conditio mea est ut supra, parentes sunt plebei vivunt etiam more plebeiorum non magna rerum affluentia abundant, nec paupertate gravantur, sed iis rebus quae ad vitae statum et conditionem pertinent fruuntur me unum vivum habent filium, unam habeo sororem eanque maritatam, fratrem habui natu maiorem, qui nunc defunctus est, amicos et cognatos plurimos, quosdam divites, quosdam pauperes, omnes autem una cum parentibus sunt haeretici praeter unum patruum qui in Hollandia Germaniae inferioris provincia vivit Catholicus 3. primo et praecipue Grammaticae et rhetoricae latinis literis atque etiam graecis per aliquod tempus operam dedi, in quibus parum profeci deinde in Dialectica progressum feci, multa autem per eiusdem studii neglectum ex memoria evaserunt 4. Bona fuit semper corporis valetudo et firma, parum admodum aegritudini obnoxia semel tantum in vita idque in itinere ad Romam per spatium unius mensis febri laboravinuncautem quantum ex bona corporis constitutione, et valitudinet colligere possum me plane liberatum eamque recessam sentio. 5. Primum dico quod circiter annum aetatis meae vigesimum fuit mihi confusa quae dam et imperfecta cognitio de quibusdam


160

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

rebus inter Catholicos et haereticos controversis, Quam cognitionem ad maiorem perfectionem accrescere maxime desideravi. partim quod undique in Anglia Catholicos ab haereticis afflictos, alios in carcere et vincula coniectos alios morte acerbissima mulctatos, et tamen ista omnia maxima tum patientia tum constantia passos viderim atque intellexerim; praecipue autem ut veram et indubitatam fidem utpote religionis et salutis fundamentum in me locarem ; statui itaque mecum libros de huiusmodi controversiis tract antes pervolvere, quibus post aliquod tempus acquisitis et perlectis, eorumque invicem rationibus et argumentis serio consideratis, multa quae mihi antea ab haereticis tradita pro certis et a me firmissime credit a, nunc plane dubia apparuerunt, deinde per divinae gratiae illuminationem cum per aliquod tempus haec mecum diligentius considerassem tandem me diu haereticorum fucatis figmentis vanisque disceptationibus plane excaecatum fuisse perspexi: cupiens itaque in rebus tam magnis tamque arduis meliorem instructionem accipere per dei providentiam eruditum quendam virum conveni catholicum, quo cum diu sermone habito, omnia ita dilucide et aperte tractando aperuit et patefecit, ut mihi omni ex parte non sine magno animi et conscientiae meae tranquillitate satisfecit. Statimque verum et indubitatum conversionis meae testimonium exhibere non dubitavi, Quo facto per aliquod tempus mecum consideravi quo pacto vitae meae cursum instituerem ut in vera et orthodoxa fidei Catholicae religione libere deo inservire possem, tadem decrevi (si fieri posset) in nobilis sive generosi alicuius Catholici patrocinium confugere, apud quem aut liberos erudirem, aut aliud civile vitae genus traducerem. Quod meum propositum cum parum faeliciter cessit ad patruum meum Catholic urn in Holandia Germaniae inferioris provincia habitantem me contuli, quocum vixi dum commode et per anni tempus iter suscipere possim, atque exinde Romam veni. 6. Propositum et desiderium ambo beneplacitum reverentiae vestrae expectant, ipse autem ad ordines ecclesiasticos (si deus me tt dignum fecerit) promoveri, desidero. SUMMARY

[427bisJ TOMPKINS Elias, alias Robert Ashfield, c. 27, born at Withington, Herefordshire, learnt grammar in the public school at Hereford until 14, studied dialectic 3 years at Brasenose College, Oxford; returned to his father at Withington and lived there and in other places in the same county and at the house of a gentleman called John Gower at Woodhall, to whose children he taught Latin. Son of plebeian parents of sufficient means; had 1 elder brother now dead; has 1 married sister, many kinsfolk, some rich and some poor, all heretics (like his parents) except one uncle, who lives in Holland, a Catholic. Studied grammar, rhetoric, and some Greek; made more progress in dialectic, but has forgotten much. H ealthy except for a month's fever on the way to Rome, which has now


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

161

passed away. When about 19 acquired some knowledge of the points controverted between Catholics and heretics; desired to learn more, because he saw the patient sufferings of the Catholics in England and because he desired to possess the true and undoubted faith; read and considered many books of controversy, and began to have great doubts about heretical teaching and finally saw that he had been blinded by it; held long discussions with an erudite Catholic, who completely satisfied him. Gave clear evidence of his conversion; tried in vain to enter the service of some leading Catholics, perhaps as a tutor; went to his uncle in Holland and lived with him until a suitable time of year to journey to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 4 June 1605. [428J 1. Vero nomine vocor Eduardus Sprott: sum tum natu, tum

educatione Staffordiensis annos ut opinor in festo Pascatis ultimo, vel circa habui octodecim: Vic us in quo natus eram vulgari nomine appellatur Worsley Brige ipsa vero domus Worsley Haull. A teneris annis in bonarum artium studiis hactenus semper fui educatus. 2. Sum generosis parentibus ortus; praeterea sunt strenui catholici, et a primo primae conversionis tempore in fide orthodoxa sive in secundis sive in adversis semper constantes perseverarunt magnamque bonorum omnium (regnante Elisabetha) ob fidem catholicam iacturam sustulerunt. fratrem habeo unicum me seniorem, sorores vero duas; cognatos plurimos quosdam catholicos eosque (ad maiorem Dei gloriam [)J haud paucos: quosdam etiam haereticos, paucos tamen sed potius schismaticos. 3. Pro tanto temporis intervallo, quanto in Anglia ad libros ediscendos animum appuli (ut verum fatear) non adeo multum profeci, ita enim se res habuit ut plus ludis, quam litteris vacare, pro more habebam. Posteaquam vero Duacum veni studui uno anno integro cum aliquot mensibus praeceptis Syntaxeos: bonos (laus Deo) habui progressus, et praemium reportavi septimum: in poesi vero ob rationes aliquas, minus diligens minorem habui progressum, tan tum tamen quantum unquam expectabam, haud multum enim musis delectabar, nihilominus primi senatoris locum possidebam tum cum a classe discedebam. 4. In Anglia (laus Deo) valitudine non multum laboravi, sed si quando[?J dentibus praecipue: Duaci vero nonnumquam capite sed rarius, et semel pro duas septimanas febri laboravi. 5. Semper fui catholicus (ad maiorem Dei gloriam sit dictum). In has transmarinas partes me prius contuli auxiliante quodam sacerdote optimo viro iam in Anglia permanente nomine fallowes, vel aliter Bishop; neque aliquod offendiculum vel impedimentum in via pertuli. 6. Polliceor bonum me habere propositum, magnumque deside-


162

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

rium ad ecclesiasticae vitae munera in hoc Collegio rite, faeliciter ut opto obeunda. EDUARDUS SPROTT

Laus Deo, Deiparaeque Virgini Mariae matri. SUMMARY

[428J SPROTT Edward, about 18 last Easter, born at Worsley Hall, Worsley Bridge, Staffordshire, educated liberally in Staffordshire. Son of keen Catholic gentry who have persevered in the faith since their first conversion and who suffered the loss of all their goods under Elizabeth. Has 1 elder brother, 2 sisters; many kinsfolk, mainly Catholic, some heretics or rather schismatics. Did not derive much profit from the long time he spent at his books in England; was fonder of games than of study. Studied syntax for a year and some months at Douai, and won the seventh prize; was not so successful at poetry; but had the place of first senator when he left the class. Healthy in England except for toothache; suffered sometimes from headaches at Dauai, and fever for 2 weeks. Always a Catholic; crossed the sea at the advice of an excellent priest now in England, called Bishop or Fallowes ; met no difficulty on his journey. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [429J 1. Nomen verum mihi est Gulielmus Forster, parentum alter vocatus Laurentius altera Elizabetha Forster. Annorum sum 18 et 3 mensium. natus fui in Essexia iuxta locum qui vocatur Haveril, educatus apud avum in Norfolcia in vico qui vocatur antiqua Pucknham[?J post cuius obitum in variis eiusdem provinciae locis et vi xi et studui. 2. Parentes sunt ortu nobiles, sed statu deficiente pater oeconomus est Ioannis Carril equitis in Sussexia. mater eo quod pater sit catholicus ipsa vero haeretica et (ut vocant) puritana degit separata a coniuge. Neque fratres nec sorores habeo. Cognati a parte patris ut duo patrui sunt quantum scio catholici et iam per aliquod tempus fuerunt, cum antea ob timorem nunc catholici, nunc schismatici fuissent. Quotquot autem sunt ex parte matris, pertinacissimi sunt haeretici. 3. Operam dedi studiis humanioribus, perdidicique Audomari, Grammaticam, artem poeticam et rhetoricam. 4. In presenti (Deo Optimo Maximo gratias) firma utor valetudine. anno vero transacto tam capite quam pectore laboravi. de caetero ab aliquot annis nihil incommodi circa valetudinem sensi. 5. Necessitate ita cogente ut inter haereticos, ut plurimum versarer, atque educarer ita et ipse haereticus vel magis schismaticus, expectans solam opportunitatem ut esse possem catholicus, extiti. cum circa 14 aetatis annum evocatus a Patre Londinum, a sacerdote quodam in carcere detento, cui nomen, Piggot, reconciliatus ac


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

163

admissus in ecclesiam catholicam fui, inde opera cuisdam patris ex Societate Jesu, dicti Smith, Audomarum missus litteris humanioribus operam eousque dedi, donee finito illo cursu videretur superioribus, me Romam mittere. 6. ld propositum meum est illudque desideriu.m quo et iam flagro et iampridem flagravi ut cum primum visus fuero idoneus, iis, qui mei curam gerunt, ad sacerdotale munus admitti; illud, dei gratia, suscipiam, in illoque servitium quod Servatoret et patriae meae afflictissimae debeo coner pro viribus accuratissime praestare . Ad maiorem Dei gloriam beatissimaeque semper Virginis Mariae. GULIELMUS FORsTERus.* SUMMARY

[429J FORSTER William, or Anderton, 18! , son of Lawrence and Elizabeth, born in Essex near Haverhill, brought up at his grandfather's house at Old Buckenham, Norfolk; after his death lived and studied in various places in the same county. Son of a noble father who owing to circumstances is now steward of Sir John Caryl1 in Sussex. (His mother, a Puritan, has sepaJrated from his father because he is a Catholic.) Has no brothers or sisters; has Catholic kinsfolk on his father's side, including 2 undes, who once vacillated between Catholicism and schism through fear; on his mother's side is related only to pertinacious heretics. Studied grammar, poetry, and rhetoric, especially at St. Omers. Now healthy; suffered a chest illness last year. Brought up among heretics, himself was rather a schismatic; was summoned to London by his father when about 13, and reconcilled by an imprisoned priest named Piggott; was sent to St. Omers through Fr. Smith, S.]., and sent to Rome after finishing hunlanities there. Desires to be a priest. [430J 1. respondeo nomen meum esse Adamum bapti::;mate Paulum

vero Whittinghamum confirmatione. Parentes sunt Ricardus Whittinghamus et Anna Dolman. lam annum decin1um septimum ago. Natus fui in comitatu Lancastriae prope civitatem Prestoniensem in parochia Gusnarchii in vico Whittingham.eo vel Ashleo. Studui Gusnarchii, deinde Chippini, deinde Waulei, Postremo Duaci. 2. respondeo Parentes mei sunt natu nobiles praecipuique amici tam ex patre quam ex matre nobiles. Fratres habeo duos unum Duaci alterum in Anglia maritatum. Amici et cognati Catholici omnes in quantum scio. 3. respondeo in Anglia dedi operam studiis pueribus et parum

* After

"Gulielmus" " Andertonus" has been erased. I


164

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

aut nihil profed. Duaci vero dedi operam classibus humanioribus progressus SUIn usque ad Rhetoricam exclusive. 4. respondeo sat belle valitudinet usus sum. s. respondeo me nunquam fuisse haereticum. Romam autem a superioribus sum missus. 6. respondeo me nihil magis semper expetisse quam ut vitam ecclesiasticam agam. nihil vero mihi in hoc Collegio posse accidere arbitror quin~;i a superioribus sit iniunctum lubens volensque faciam. LAUS DEO. PAULUS WHITTINGHAMUS. SUMMARY [430J WHITTINGHAM Adam (confirmed Paul), 16, son of Richard and Ann Dolrnan, born at Whittingham or Ashley in the parish of Goosnargh, near Preston, Lancashire; studied at Goosnargh, Chipping, Whalley, Douai. Son of noble families; has 2 brothers, one at Douai and one married in England; has only Catholic kinsfolk. Made little progress in study in England; at Douai reached the e:nd of Poetry. Healthy. Never a heretic. Sent to Rome by his :~uperiors. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [431J 1. Nomine vocor Ignatius Watsonus Londino in parochia Sancti Andreae oriundus ex parentibus qui appellantur Rowlandus Watsonus et Iuliana Griffin opibus et genere clari atque in amicos benevoli ac faciles, septem filiabus ac duobus aucti filiis quorum ego minor natu. iam decimum non urn vel vigesimum annum ago Londini undecim annis, rure tribus cum medio, Audomari vero quatuor cum medio nutritus. 2. Amici a.c propinqui omnes sunt paucis exceptis catholici. 3. A primal fere pueritia hucusque studiis humanioribus animum applicavi, at nullos vel exiguos admodum progressus feci, nisi Audomari ubi qua tuor annos cum medio ad studia sedulo incubui. 4. Nullo vel corporis vel animi morbo afficior nec unquam affectus fui, nilsi ventris quo aliquot mensibus bis graviter laboravi. S. In haeroetica fide ad 13 annum institutus opera Ioannis Personii veram agnovi pro qua spacio duorum mensium Audomarum studii gratia petens carcerem sustinui. 6. Ad ecc1esiasticam vitam, et ad collegii disciplinam animus numquam defuit. IGNATIUS WATSONUS alias IGNATIUS MANSEL

SUMMARY [431J WATSON Ignatius, alias Mansel, 18 or 19, son of Roland and Juliana Griffin (both rich, noble and benevolent), born in the parish of St. Andrew in London, brought up there 11 years, lived in the country 3t y<ears, studied 4t years at St. Omers where alone he


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

165

made progress. Has 7 sisters and 1 elder brother; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk. Healthy, except for two stomach illnesses which lasted some months. A heretic until 12, was converted through John Persons; was imprisoned for 2 months on his way to St. Omers. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [432] 1. Nomen verum Ioannes Cooe, anno aetatis vixdum decimo octavo Londini natus, in parochia divi Dunstani atque ibidem in liberali urn artium studiis educatus atque adeo a prima pueritia enutritus. 2. Pater Ioannes Cooe Hartfordiensis. Mater Helena Tumera Londinas catholici tribus aucti liberis filiis duobus una filia quorum ego maximus. cognati reliqui et affines quotquot equidem novi heretici. 3. Operam semper humanioribus navavi litteris Londini in parochia divi Dunstani inde Audomari in collegio Anglicano de profectu fructuque quem in litteris feci mentem in ea explicare difficile possem profeci tamen et ex infima ad supremam evasi classem. 4. Valetudine (deo sit laus) satis prospera ter tantum quoad memini laborans licet periculose bis febribus inde vetemo[?] at nunc dei gratia liber ab his et sanus. aegritudo animi nulla est. fuit autem segnities quaedam quae nunc tandem dei ope superata iacet. 5. Fui heretic us undecim annis usque dum venissem Audomarum ubi primum veram Christi doctrinam agnovi 6. Ad ecclesiasticam vitam a primis fidei fundamentis ')uspiravit animus quod ad collegii disciplinam animus paratissimus. IOANNEs COOE haec testor Anno Domini MDCVI aetatis decimo octavo SUMMARY [432] COOE John, just 17, son of John (of Hertford) and Helen Turner (of London), born and educated liberally in the parish of St. Dunstan, London. Son of Catholic parents, has 1 younger brother and 1 younger sister; has heretical kinsfolk. Studied at St. Omers and proceeded from the lowest to the highest class. Healthy, except for two fevers and one attack of lethargy in the past; was lazy but has overcome this. Was a heretic 11 years until he came to St. Omers; since then has desired to be an ecclesiastic. 1606. 1606 [433] per IOHANNEM MORGANUM alias SINGLETONUM 1. Eduardum Morganum a Bapti')matis sacramento et cognomine patris, proprium habui nomen; usque duaci in partes Belgicas studendi gratia traiecerim, ubi mutato in confirmatione nomine L


166

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Iohannes evasi, suppressoque cognomen to patris, ementito vocabulo vocabar Dee[?J et tandem Singeltonus; aetate mihi incerta, quantum autem certe auguror et ex vetere licet memoria repetere, vigesimum attigi annum, si non transcendi. quod ad locum nativitatis, in pago qui vulgo appellatur Betisfield, e parochia Hanmer in comitatu flintensi ortum habui, ubi educatus ad decimum sextum, vel circiter annum, quo tempore Walterus foulerus armiger Staffordiensis cuius etiam mansio haud longe a Staffordia distat, in domum suam me admisit, unde cum duobus eius filiis Staffordiam quotidie pet ens bonis ibidem litteris operam navabam; inde, cum biennium fere insumpsisset beneficientia eiusdem nobilis adiutus duacum appuli; ubi alio confecto biennio, et mensibus duobus vel circiter, ex superiorum beneplacito et iussu Romam veni. 2. Parentes habui Thomam Morganum et Ioanam, ex faece haeretieae factionis ad catholic am veritatem utrosque perductos, conditionis mediocris, aut ut vulgo dicitur a yeoman, paulo inclinatae possessionis ex paterna mea prodigentia, antequam lux ea catholica affulsit; sorores quatuor uterinas quarum binas resumpsit misericordia divina, praecipuum cognatum vel catholicum vel haeretieum, cuius magna sit nota neminem habeo. 3. Primis linguae latinae rudimentis, deinde litteris humanioribus operam dedi. haud ita magno profectu antequam mare traiecerim iuvenilibus enim nimius tenebar lusibus; studui autem ante quam Staffordiam (ut ante tetigi) venerim hanmeri, Wemmi Elsmere in villis paternam domum circumiacentibus. 4. Valetudine hactenus satis faelici usus sum, deo gratias ut pote qui intra duodecim annos, nullo laboraverim morbo, exceptis frigoribus, et infirmitate nescio qua, anne elapso duaci habita, quo tempore sine dolore contabui et maceratione lenta consumebar in presenti (deo gratias) recte valeo. 5. haeretica obumbratus caligine per aliquot annos vixi, usque dum pater meus nobilis cuiusdam catholici usus familiaritate, ac in gremium sanctissimae matris ecclesiae eius persuasionibus divinaque operante gratia perductus mihi quoque haud multo post eandem veritatem ministravit, et ad venerabilem dei confessorem Patrem Pricum alias Benettum societatis Iesu adduxit, cuius ope primus mihi aditus ad sacra ecclesiae catholicae sacramenta factus est, quo tempore comes Essexiae in turri londinensi capite plexus est nihil autem infaelix ego pro christiana religione passus sum. 6. Vitae institutum quodcumque superiores mei idoneum senserint, in quantum possum paratus sum adimplere, regulas vero et disciplinam collegii libentissime amplector, in iisque observandis, qua possum (deo adiuvante) utar diligentia dum hie mansero. IOANNES MORGANUS . SUMMARY

[433J MORGAN Edward (so baptised; confirmed John at Douai and so known since, with the alias of Dee[?J and finally of Singleton) ; probably 19 plus, son of Thomas and Jane (both converts), born at


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

167

Bettisfield in the parish of Hanmer, Flintshire, educated there until about 15, studying at Hanmer, Wem, and Ellesmere; studied letters with the 2 sons of Walter Fowler, Esq., living in his house near Stafford for almost 2 years; went to Douai through his kindness, and was sent to Rome by his superiors after 2 years and 2 months there. Son of.a yeoman who wasted his possessions before he was a Catholic; had 4 uterine sisters of whom 2 are dead; has no distinguished kinsfolk. Studied Latin and humanities with little progress until he crossed the sea, being too occupied with games. Healthy these last 12 years except for colds, and a strange painless disease which wasted him at Douai last year but has now departed. Was a heretic some years until his father, converted through the friendship of a noble Catholic, introduced him to the venerable confessor Fr. Price or Bennett, S.]., who reconciled him at the time the Earl of Essex was beheaded in the Tower; has suffered nothing for religion. Will accept any life which his superiors consider suitable. 1606. [434J 1. respondeo, parentis nomen Egidium, meum vero Abrahamum Honnacott esse; annum (ut sincere credo) vigessimumt primum ago; natus fui in commitatu t Devoniae unum milliare ab oppido Magnum Torrington appellato; educatus vero in paroechia nominata Parkham cum patre ad decimum annum usque. inde usque ad decimum sextum modo cum cognato conciliario modo cum avunculo in oppido Torrington hospitatus sum ubi semper studui. 2. respondeo, parentes praecipuosque amicos semper mediae sortis fuisse non multis divitiis affluentes nec extrema egestate oppress os sed omnia ad familiam suam honeste satis sustentandam ex[?J se petentes: fratres duos habeo una cum parentibus omnibusque necessariis haereticos. 3. respondeo, non multum me proficisset in litteris sed adhuc rudis cum ex Anglia venirem. 4. respondeo, me a prima aetate (laus deo optimo maximo) semper secunda valitudinet usum fuisse. S. respondeo; me fuisse haereticum, donec missus a parentibus Londinum, in domo Southampton inveni Simonem Fenel unum ex duodecim assistentibus a quo etiam conversus sum. postea veni ab eodem missus Audomarum, at in itinere interceptus et per tredecemt hebdomadas in carcere detentus, e quo liberatus (deo annuente) Audomarum appuli, ubi quatuor annis litteris operam dedi; absoluto vero quatuor annorum cursu a superioribus huc Romam missus, incolumis veni. ABRAHAMUS HONNACOTT. SUMMARY

[434J HONNACOTT Abraham, 20, son of Giles, born a mile from Great Torrington in Devon, brough t up with his father until 9 in the


168

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

parish of Parkham; thence until 15 with his cousin a councillor, or with his uncle in Torrington. Son of middle class family of sufficient means; has 2 brothers, heretics like his parents and all his kinsfolk. Did not progress much in letters; was still uneducated when he left England. Was a heretic until he was sent to London by his parents; was converted by Simon Fennell, one of the Assistants, whom he met in Southampton House; was sent by him to St. Omers; was captured on the way and imprisoned 13 weeks; was freed and reached his destination where he studied letters 4 years; was then sent to Rome. [435] 1. Ego Eduardus Catcher Londini natus, et educatus fui. Annum ut opinor iam ago vicessimumt primum aut secundum non enim certus sum. 2. Pater meus Thomas Catcher civis est Londinensis religione haereticus ut et omnes consanguinei mei. 3. Studui Oxonii Collegio Bayliolensi gradumque Bacchalaureatus accepi quamvis respectu in studiis incertitudinis ad cuiusvis placitum parum aut nihil Philosophiae studio progressus sum. 4. Bona hactenus (Dei favore) valitudinet vixi nec quidem uilo morborum generi memet obnoxium invenio. 5. A parentibus Haeretice educatus sic permansi usque ad festum ultimum Sanctorum Petri et Pauli Apostolorum quando Catholicae Ecclesiae reconciliatus fui. Conversionis causae (post Deum) maximae fuerunt cum Catholicis colloquium et lectio librorum tum Catholicorum tum Haereticorurn quibus permultas deprehendens corruptiones simulque detestatus, fidem Catholicam amplecti incipiebam pro qua patris et amicorum omnium odium incurri et patrimonium meum qualecunque amisi. 6. Huc adveni nullo alio proposito vel desidero quam vitam degere (Deo propitio) Ecclesiasticam meque huius Collegii et Superiorum mandatis in omnibus dum hic vixero obsequentem praebebo. Die 23 Octobris. 1606 EDUARDUS CATCHER. SUMMARY

[435] CATCHER Edward, 20 or 21, son of Thomas (a heretical citizen of London), born and brought up in London; studied at Balliol College, Oxford; B.A.; made little progress in philosophy. Healthy. Son of a heretical family; was brought up a heretic; was converted by the conversation of Catholics and the reading of Catholic and heretical books; was reconciled on St. Peter and Paul's Day last; incurred the hatred of his father and family and lost his patrimony. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 23 October 1606.


RESPONSA SCHOLARUM

169

[436J 1. Ego Iacobus Bardwell aetatis iam agens annum vigessimum tertium Disso oppido mercatorio Comitatus N orfolciae natus, a parentibus in studiis liberalibus a pueritia educatus fuL 2. Pater meus Iacobus Bardwell ex familia non ignobili natus in medio statu ex propriis scilicet possessionibus vivens, et tribus abhinc annis mofiens sex liberos quorum iam quinque supersunt, (tres enim fratres et unam sororem habeo) reliquit, cognatos vero vel propinquos quod novi, nullos. 3. Circa 14m aetatis annum in Collegium Sanctae Trinitatis Cantabrigiae admissus, Logicae inde biennio post Londini in Hospitio Cliffordorum legum studio per aliquot ann os operam dedi. 4. Valetudinem et corporis et animi (deo favente) semper habui satis prosperam. 5. Londini studii causa dum commorabar ad cuiusdam laici propter fidem Catholicam incarcerati notitiam et familiaritatem adductus, eius industria, adiecta salutarium librorum lectione divina praecipue cooperante gratia, ecc1esiae Catholicae reconciliatus sum. 6. Disciplinae et statutis huius collegii (dum hic mansero) debit am praestabo obedientiam. IACOBUS BARDWELL alias FRANCISCUS DENNY SUMMARY [436J BARDWELL James, alias Francis Denny, 22, son of James, born at Diss, Norfolk, and educated liberally. Son of a noble father of moderate means, who lived off his former possessions and is now 3 years dead; has 3 brothers and 1 sister alive, and one sibling dead; has no cousins as far as he knows. When about 13 was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, studied logic 2 years; studied law some years in Clifford's Inn, London. While in London made the acquaintance of a lay Catholic imprisoned for religion, and through his friendship and the reading of good books decided to seek reconciliation. [437J 1. Ego Franciscus Walsinghamus trigesimum agens annum, natus Barvici; in comitatu Northumbriae; a parentibus in liberalium artium studiis educatus fuL succedentibus annis; variis agitatus fortunae fluctibus; militiae; per literas commendatitias honorabilis Comitissae Essexiae, sub Domino Roberto Sydneyo Equite, et Vlishing gubernatore; inde reversus, legum tam civilium quam communium exercitio, sub duobus diversis ealundem professoribus, operam dedi: deinde per aliquod tempus Oxoniae in Collegio omnium animorum studui; inde ad erudiendos puer03 a rectore Collegii aliisque eiusdem sodalibus designatus Kingsburiam


170

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Middlsexiae perveni: ubi etiam diaconatus ecclesiae Anglicanae gradum consequutus sum: 2. Pater meus Edwardus Walsinghamus fuit de Exhal1 in comitatu Warrenniae generosus; viginti ab hinc annis mortuus, mater adhuc in vita, mediocri potita est conditione; catholica: fratres habeo duos; sorores etiam, catholic am et hereticam: alios consanguineos habeo hereticos omnes, unum scismaticum 3. Quod ad studia; in Oxonia parum studui, sed quosdam authores heretic os pervolvi, et inde in iisdem perlegendis et ad veritatem catholicam destruendum utendis, oleum et operam consumpsi; perdidi: 4. Nec corporis nec animi aegritudine vel infirmitate quapiam nativa (ad gloriam et honorem dei dicam) me laborare scio : S. Hereticus perdiu vi xi ; tandem ex comiserationet divina, quum studiose conabar pervert ere schismaticum quendam, catholicam fidem strenue asseverantem; ex perlectione libri cuiusdam ab ilio accepti; qui inscribitur Defensio Censurae et a reverend issimo Patre domino Roberto Parsono scriptu[sJ veritatem perspexi catholicam; falsitatem et pravitatem respexi hereticam; et opera et consilio magistri Edwardi Tempesti, sacerdotis laudabilis, incarcerati, et ad martyrium designati; in communionem sanctorum in ecc1esiam dei catholicam fui matriculatus; nec vincula nec carceres passus : 6. Vitam ecc1esiasticam semper efflagitatam; nunc demum viam vere ineundi propositam; et disciplinae huius Collegii observationem libenter amplector et favente deo superioribus in omnibus obtemperare non desinam; quamdiu hic permansero : FRANCISCUS W ALSINGHAMUS : alias IOANNEs FENNELLus: SUMMARY [437J WALSINGHAM Francis, alias John Fennell, 28, son of Edward, gentleman, of Exhall, Warwickshire; born at Berwick, Northumberland, and educated liberally; served as a' soldier under Sir Robert Sydney, Governor of Flushing, on the recommendation of the Countess of Essex; studied Civil and Common Law under two different teachers; studied at All Souls College, Oxford; was appointed by the Warden and Fellows to teach boys at Kingsbury, Middlesex, where he was ordained deacon in. the-Anglican church. Lost his father 20 years ago; has a moderately rich Catholic mother surviving; has 2 brothers and 2 sisters,. one a Catholic and one a heretic; has one schismatic cousin, all others heretics. Studied little in Oxford; wasted his time reading heretical authors. Healthy. Was converted from heresY' by reading Fr. Persons' Defence of the Censure which was lent to him by a schismatic whom he was trying to pervert; was t=econciled by Mr. Edward Tempest, an imprisoned priest destined for martyrdom. Has always desired an ecc1esiasticallife.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

171

[438J R. PATREM Patrem Anglicani Collegii Confessarium mihi exhibita priusquam ad convictum et habitum eiusdem Collegii fuerim admissus. 1 0 die Novembris 1606 1606. Respondeo ad primum verum nomen hic in codice esse subscriptum ; meque natum esse lyversiegi[?J in Comitatu Eboracenci; educatum cum nobili domino cognato mea Thomae Hesketho nu[perJ de Rufford in comitatu Lancastriae ordinis aequestrist defuncto. 2. Nomina parentum fuisse Iohannem Nevill, et Beatrice eius uxorem ': statum divitem; conditionem nobilem; eumque ordinis aequestrist extitisse, bonis ac dominiis isti dignitati respondentibus gaudentem, donec pro fide omnibus iis Elizabethae nuper Reginae confiscatis, iisque ipsis a patria quasi in exilium pulsis, infantibus octo sine ope ulla in curam cognatorum relictis, victum et vestitum ab extemis principibus postulantibus, per aliquot annos ante eorum mortes ex stipendio annuali per Regem Catholicurn illis concesso, residuum vitae suae senilis in flandria, leodiique pauperrime degerunt. Praeterea dico fratrem me habere nullum; sorores quinque: cognatos utriusque sortis (Catholicos scilicet et haereticos) nobiles non paucos, eosque inter primos in Comitatibus Eboraci, Lincolniae, Staffordiae, Dunelmensis, et Lancastriae precipue et alibi; quosdam etiam (ut puto) Barones, alios simili dignitati et honori ex genere equivalente oriundos: Necnon plurimos Scismaticos viros, et mulieres eminentes, et conspicuos. 3. Respondeo. studuisse Rethoricae Duaci per integrum annum, ibique audivisse philosophiae per anna ab hinc lapso quarto. Quoad profectum Rethorice pareurnJ plane ex his; De progressu philosophiae parce dicendo veniam petam; verba tantum, qu[od] dicam, in medio cursus me a studiis evocato, missoque tanquam per super[io]rem meum Reverendum Patrem Patrem Baldwynum in patria, finem studiorum fuisse incompl[etum] commune bonum ante privatum, et obedientiam voluntati propriae, immo sacrificare[?] praetulisse putavi. 4. Valetudinem animae ac corporis non malam esse; aegritudinem autem ullam sen [tire] valde raram, morbum nunquam; praeter enim dolorem capitis ex frigore, vel nimio calore vel ex studio non mediocri, aut ex magna carentia natural[is] noctumae quietis, (quod mihi quidem flandria commoranti aliquoties contigit) perveniente; ac etia¡m praeter cholicam passionem, et feb rem tertianam, quarum utraque binis diebus simul, binis annis laboravi, omnem aegritudinem corporis [etJ animae prorsus ignoro; nec certe memini me propter ullam causam talem per trig[inta] tres annos superiores cubibiculum t tertio, lectum uno integro die ten[uisseJ 5. Haereticurn me extitisse nunquam, Catholicum quandoque, Scismaticum vero plerumque usque ad annum aetatis vigessimum t octavum a quo tempore catholicus (deo iuvan[te)J extiti; ex persuasione vero nullius, nisi ex motu spiritus sancti preveniente quasi in medio delitiarum mearum me nihil tale cogitante idque


172

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

statim consideratione unius tantum sententiae per dominum christoforum Andertonum tunc temp[orisJ consocium meum, ad me excitandum ad meliorem egendam vitam allatae, cepi ruminare, cit[oJ cedere destinavi; et quasi eadem hora (quae fuit in septimana praecedente Pasc[haJ postquam, quasi ioco, servassem ieiunia quadragesimae totius, contra morem solitum, divino certe afflatu permotus fui; allocutusque sacerdotem nomine Barcroft tunc temporis presentem in eum animum adductus fui, eiusque opera septimana sequente factus fui Catholicus, in aedibus studiosorum Iuris Angliae communis, commorans, et ad libitum studens. Persecutionem autem in persona, vel bonis directam nullam unquam passus sum; indirect am tamen (ut ita dicam) magna me sustinuisse puto; qui omnia bona dicta per parentes pro fide (ut supra) amissa, mihi per ius, et successionem hereditariam debita, me amisisse vere possum dicere; praeter id genus persecutionis permulta; si multum laborare; saepe vigilare; clandestino more vivere ; nullibi permanentem domum habere; ab una civitate ad aliam fugere; persecutorum ministros semper expect are ; iniurias ferre; con vi cia sustinere; curam quatuor sororum habere; easque quodammodo sustentare; pauperes catholicos in carceribus afflictos sine ope dando visit are ; ditiores mulctas innumerabiles solventes videre; alios miseria oppressos, et necessitate, aspicere; dei servos in patibulis pendentes praeterire, denique res sacras, deumque ipsum blasphemia derisum cum silentio audire recte did pot est aliquid pati pro fide, ego quidem aliquid in generali non solum, sed etiam in particulari pro fide catholica passus sum; 6. Respondeo propositum meum since rum , desiderium ardens, esse, semperque fore spero, ad vitam deo gratissimam, quam eerte scio esse Ecclesiasticam, agendam; tt per me EDMuNDuM NEVILLUM SUMMARY [438J NEVILLE Edmund, son of Sir John and Beatrice his wife, born at Liversedge, Yorkshire, brought up with his kinsman Sir Thomas Hesketh, late of Rufford, Lancashire. Son of noble and correspondingly rich parents, whose wealth was confiscated by Elizabeth, and who were forced into exile, where they lived in Flanders and at Liege in poverty on a pension from the Catholic King, leaving their 8 children in the care of kinsfolk. Has no brothers, but 5 sisters; has many noble Catholic and heretical kinsfolk among the most important in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Staffordshire, Durham, Lancashire and elsewhere; some Barons, others of similar many conspicuous schismatics. Studied dignity and birth; rhetoric at Douai for a year, and heard philosophy there 4 years ago; was sent home by Fr. Baldwin in the middle of his studies. Was rarely ill, never diseased; sometimes suffers headaches from excessive cold or heat or study or lack of sleep (as often happened in Flanders); also colic passion and tertian ague, which he suffered


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

173

two days together in two years; in several years has not been in bed more than a day. Was never a heretic, sometimes a Catholic, but mostly a schismatic until 27 when he was struck by a reproof from his companion Mr. Christopher Anderton in the week before Easter, after he had kept the Lenten fast as a joke; spoke to a priest named Barcroft who reconciled him a week later, while he was studying in the house of the students of Common Law; has suffered no persecution, except indirectly through his parents' losses; has had to work hard, watch often, live secretly, do without a permanent home, fly from' place to place, live in fear of pursuivants, bear injuries and insults, care for 4 sisters, visit imprisoned Catholics without being able to help them; watch the rich paying innumerable fines; see others in necessity; pass the servants of God on the gallows ~ hear blasphemy in silence. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [439] 1. respondeo me sedecim septemdecimve annorum esse tribus elapsis mensibus, utrum 16 an vero 17 sim non equidem liquet, at tum ut fratrum litteris tum aliorum intellexi assertionibus septemdecim me esse existimo. de nativitatis loco. respondeo me in comitatu Lancastrensi, prope civitatem Wiganiam natum, ibique educatum fuisse. 2. respondeo parentes mediae fuisse sortis quantum coniectura valeo: non enim eorum sum memor. fratres quinque habeo, sororesque duas, cognatos omnes ut reor Catholicos. 3. respondeo. me in Anglia studuisse, teneraeque adhuc aetatis litteris rudioribus operam navasse. postmodum vero duacum devotionis litterarumque gratia missum studio Grammatices, Syntaxeos, Poeseos incubuisse. 4. respondeo me valetudinem semper habuisse prosperam, nee unquam dolorem quempiam sensisse qui per spatium unius diei duravit. 5. respondeo me nunquam haereticum fuisse aut Schismaticum sed catholicum semper. 6. Ultimo de proposito quod in meipso ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam. Respondeo obtestorque me magnum semper et habuisse et habere desiderium, eamque (quantum in me situm est) fideliter observaturum propono. Vester in omnibus obedientissimus filius FRANClSCUS LAITHW AlTUS SUMMARY

[439] LAYTHWAITE Francis, 16i or more probably 17t, born & educated near Wigan, Lancashire. Son of middle class parents whom he does not remember; has 5 brothers and 2 sisters; has Catholic kinsfolk only. Studied grammar, syntax and poetry at Douai. Healthy, has never suffered any pain which lasted more than a day. Always a Catholic. Desire to be an ecclesiastic.


174

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[440J 1. Nomen meum verum Henricus Vines, annos habeo 19, natus in provincia oxoniensi civitate vero vocata Piddington, educatus pro maiori parte in provincia Bucingamensi 2. Parentes habeo Hereticos, fratrem habeo unum et ilium hereticum, sorores duas et has hereticas, cognatos multos sed omnes, exceptis ut puto duobus, hereticos 3. Tribus annis in Anglia sex Audomaropoli sed parum proficiens artibus liberalibus operam dedi 4. Bona valetudine corporis animaeque bene semper sum usus 5. Per 13 annos antequam ad catholicam fidem con versus fui, hereticus exstiti, catholicus per operam Avunculi mei Patris Rogeri Lea factus sum, audivit primam confessionem P. Lambertus 6. Tribus abhinc annis ad ecclesiasticam vitam peragendam animum habui tt 23 die Octobris. Anno 1606 HENRICUS LEA SUMMARY

[440J VINES Henry, alias Lee, 19, born at Piddington, Oxfordshire, brought up mainly in Buckinghamshire. Son of heretical parents, has 1 brother and 2 sisters heretics, has many kinsfolk, all save 2 heretics. Studied liberal arts 3 years in England, 6 at St. Omers, with little progress. Healthy. A heretic 13 years, was converted by his uncle Fr. Roger Lee, and reconciled by Fr. Lambert. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic for 3 years. 23 October 1606. [441J 1. Me vere Henricum Belfeild appellatum assero, Wintoniae natum, ibique usque 27 aetatis annum educatum; 2. Pater meus honestis ortus parentibus, et bene institutus, more non infimo (Scismaticus tamen) vixit, et bona fama (dubito vero an dicam catholicus) est mortuus, mater mea semper ad catholicam religionem propensa, instabat fieri catholica, cum ipse ex Anglia migrarem. Quatuor habeo frat[resJ quorum mihi primus est sacerdos, terciust etiam catholicus, alteri duo teneram aetatem agunt. Sunt mihi quinque sorores, quarum minima tan tum catholic a existit, caeterae vero non sunt perversae. Ex parte patris paucos scio cognatos, ex matris vero catholicos nonnullos unumqne sacerdotem si non plures. 3. In literis eram Wintoniae institutus donec 17 vel idcirca attigissem annum, quando pater me alium vitae cursum amplecti volens ut studium desinerem, statuit. 4. Bene sum in Anglia usus valetudine, cum vero patriam repudiassem, et me Odomari ad studium contulissem, afficiebar hybernot presertim tempore capitis dolore ex humore frigido proveniente aestate tamen melius habui, itaque et ipse perpendebam, et amici ut


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

175

huncIocum peterem suadebant me facile tamen vetere dolore captum, sum expertus, animi vero imperfectiones non graves sunt, et eas me bene recturum spero. 5. Hereticum me fuisse non credo, nam odio vel catholicos vel veterem dei cult urn nunquam appetii, sed religionis considerationem fastidivi, donec Londini, in magna superiori peste repentinae mortis timor me magnopere angeret, ita ab illo quidem tempore non modo fratres, reverendum vero admodumque doctum sacerdotem, qui RadumDovet[?J vocari voluit, frequenter consului, per quem brevi ad sanctae ecclesiae obedientiam redactus etiam fui. 6. Cum ope ram religionis integritati parum navassem, non poteram diutius mundo inservire licet pater meus spiritualis ut eidem vitae ration em quam aliquando sum sequutus, omino haererem, optimum putavit: ita mundanis desertis, ut Deo inservire discerem mihi proposui. quoad potero, ut disciplinam collegianam servem, operam dabo vereor tamen ne aegritudo me impediat. Ad maiorem Dei gloriam 23 Octobris 1606. HENRICUS BELFILDUS SUMMARY

[441 J BELFIELD Henry, born at Winchester and educated there until 16 when he ended his studies at his father's wish. Son of a father of honourable family and good reputation, a schismatic, who perhaps died a Catholic; and of a mother always inclined to Catholicism, who intended to be reconciled when the respondent left England. Has 4 brothers, the eldest a priest, the third a Catholic, the other 2 children; has 5 sisters of whom only the youngest is a Catholic though the others are not perverse. Knows few kinsfolk on his father's side; has some Catholic kinsfolk on his mother's side including at least one priest. Was healthy in England, but while studying at St. Omers suffered from headache, especially in winter; had hoped vainly that the warmer climate here would cure him. Found religion tedious until he was afflicted with a violent fear of death during the recent plague in London; took counsel of his brothers and the learned priest Radus Dovet[?J who reconciled him to the church. Was advised by his spiritual father to continue in his former life, but prefers to leave the world and serve God. Will keep discipline if health permits. 23 October 1606. [442J 1. Cristophorum Robinson a baptismatis fonte pro nomine habui, et ad presentem hanc diem sine ulla commutatione servavi, et vigesimum iam aetatis meae annum pro comperto, ut arbitror, fere defluxisse teneo; in quadam villa quae vocatur Woodside natus fui, in comitate Cumberlandiae, tribus millibus passuum, a civitate Carleolensi, ubi in domo patris sexdecim annis educatus fui, tunc Londinum veniens, uno solum anno cum avunculo, duobus autem allis duaci permanso.


176

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

2. Pater catholic am fidem non profitetur sed est schismaticus. mediae sortis, quatuor fratres, et quinque sorores habeo, omnes cognati precipui sunt haeretici. 3. Nullis studiis nisi doctrinae operam navavi, diversis autem locis, sed precipue Carleoli studui, donec duacum veni. 4. Valitudinem coporis animaeque habeo. S. Haereticus fui antequam Londinum veni, quando autem ibi habitabam, tribus annis abhinc elapsis, cuiusdam conteranei opera, qui Smartfordus vocabatur, sacerdos, in orthodoxam fidem fui receptus: nulla omnino circa illud negotium acciderunt, neque ali quid pro religione sum passus. 6. Propositum ac desiderium habeo, et semper habui, ut ecclesiasticam vitam agerem, et in Angliam lucrandarum animarum causa, quando superioribus placebit, procederem, etiamque disciplinam collegii observarem, dum hic mansero. CHRISTOPHORUS :

ROBINSON US

SUMMARY

[442J ROBINSON Christopher, almost 20, born at Woodside, 3 miles from Carlisle, and brought up there in his father's house 16 years, then lived 1 year in London with his uncle and 2 at Douai. Son of a schismatic middle class father, has 4 brothers and S sisters; has principally heretical kinsfolk. Studied only doctrine, especially at Carlisle, before going to Douai. Healthy. A heretic until he came to London; was there received into the Church by his compatriot Smartford, a priest; has not suffered for religion. Has always desired to be an ecclesiastic.

[443J

1. Nomen Edwardus Bentleus, Parentes Edwardus et Katharina Bently: Locus nativitatis Londinum: Decimum octavum aetatis annum iam praeterii semper in domo parentum educatus sum semper illic litteris operam dedi donec Audomarum remeavi ubi ad hoc tempus studiis humanioribus incubui 2. Nobile., mihi sunt parentes qui pro fidei defensione possessiones bonaque omnia perdiderunt quatuor restant mihi fratres sex sorores catholici omnes amici denique praecipui Catholici. 3. Quod ad studia humanioribus solum huc usque sum instructus. 4. De valetudine corporis animaeve, laus Deo, hactenus non habui aut habeo quod multum sane conquerar S. Catholice educatus catholicus semper exstiti nihil huc usque pro relligione sum passus ex Anglia a parentibus Audomarum Audomaro a superioribus Romam missus. 6. Bonum est mihi desiderium ad vitam ecclesiasticam suscipiendam. tt EDW ARDUS BENTLEUS


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

177

SUMMARY

[443J BENTLEY Edward, 18, son of Edward and Katherine, born in London and educated in his parents' house, studied letters there until he went to St. Omers for humanities. Son of noble parents who have lost everything for religion. Has 4 brothers and 6 sisters surviving; has principally Catholic relations. Healthy. Always a Catholic, never suffered for religion; was sent to St. Omers by his parents and to Rome by his superiors. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [444J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[445J 1. Robertus Forster vere appellor: sicut et Pater Chrisopherus, et Mater Elisabetha Forster appellantur. De aetate: utrum anno hoc MDCVI circa natalitia Divi Ioannis Baptistae decimum octavum an decimum nonum agam annum non satis mihi constat. existimarem tamen potius decimum nonum. Natus in Suffo1cia in paroechia quae Stanningfeild dicitur. educatus ad nonum circiter annum ibidem loci; inde in Northfolciam, atque protinus inde rursus in Suffolciam avocatus annum apud Dominum Hinsloum aliquando didascalum tum vero nescio quem mercatorem panni, literas edocendus sed parum edoctus traduxi. unde ad prist inurn locum ibi natus eram commigravi ubi ad quart urn decimum vixi annum: null as alias colens litteras nisi quas Mater polleret praeterquam quod raro sacerdotis alicuius auxilio uterer. reliquum tempus huc usque Audomari in collegio Anglicano cum fructu quamvis non maximo, non tamen inutiliter admodum in litteris insumpsi. De conditione: ea non alia est nisi quae in studiis semper versata est, Parentes non ignobili propagine orti, non etiam pauperiei succumbunt nisi (quod me latet) persecutione huius Regis urgente sint ad paupertatem redacti: Fratres sunt Bartholomaeus et Dominicus Forster, soror unica Maria reliquos qui ex quo mare transmisi nati sunt non satis novi. de Henrico uno audivi. De cognatis ii sunt plerique quoad scio Catholici, quorum un us avunculus Ambrosius Rookwoode cuius frater sacerdos hoc in collegio studuit, de proditione illa quae pulvere tormentario composita toti regis consilio exitium machinabatur, exploratus supplicio affectus est. avia tamen ex parte patris ut nomen apud amicos et bona tueatur, cum catholicam fidem satis probet haereticam et pestiferam illam ecclesiam in menses audet nescio qua fronte frequentare. De studiis, quibus operam dedi. humanioribus nempe omnibus; ut Grammaticae. Poesi et Rhetoricae. De valetudine ea ut plurimum rectissima, aliquando vero infirmior utrum Haereticus extitero: Dei beneficio nunquam Quomodo ex Anglia egressus sim: cuius opera non satis scio, Londino Gravesende navicula delatus navim ibi ascendi Caletasque proxime appuli. Romam veni unus e missione annua Audomaro Romam proficiscente


178

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

De desiderio et proposito: Stultissime profecto egisse viderer si post tot annos in studiis consumptos si post tantum temporis quo parentes amicosque deserui, si denique post iter tam longum tantoque cum lab ore confectum: suscepti me propositi paeniteret. tt ROBERTus FORsTERus alias WILSONUS SUMMARY [445] FORSTER Robert, son of Christopher and Elizabeth, born c. 24.6.1587 (or 1588 or 1589), at Stanningfield, Suffolk, brought up there until 8 ; then went to Norfolk; returned to Suffolk, spending a year with Mr. Hinslow once a teacher and later a cloth-merchant; returned to birthplace until 13, learning only what letters his mother knew, helped rarely by a priest; since then has studied letters with some success at St. Omers. Son of noble parents who have not succumbed to poverty unless perhaps in the latest persecution by the King. Has brothers Bartholomew and Dominic, and one sister Mary; does not know the others born since he crossed the seas; knows that one is called Henry. Has mainly Catholic kinsfolk; is nephew to Ambrose Rookwood whose brother was a priest of this College, and who was executed for complicity in the GUDpowder Plot. (The respondent's grandmother, though Catholic at heart, goes monthly to heretical churches.) Studied grammar, poetry and rhetoric. Mainly healthy, sometimes weak. Always a Catholic. Went from London to Gravesend by boat, there took ship for Calais; was sent to Rome as one of the annual mission from St. Omers. Would be stupid if he changed his mind now [about becoming an ecclesiastic] after so many years of study and such a difficult journey. 1606. [446] 1. Nomine sum vero Henricus Comberfordus, natus in comitatu Staffordiensi, opidot Wednisburio, educatus et instructus, primum a schismatico praeceptore, deinde haeretico, tertium a catholicis Societatis Iesu patribus Audomaropoli. 2. Mater mihi fuit catholic a, iam defuncta. Pater autem est schismaticus superstes, catholicam fidem maxime assertans. Sorores omnes et fratres in Anglia catholicae fidei st udentes reliqui. At non ita diu abhinc accepi fratrem meum natu maio rem Romanae fidei nuntium remisisse. sed in incerto habeo. Cognatos exceptis duobus Dominis Schevingtono et Stanleo cum tota familia, catholicam fidem firmiter tenentes reliqui. 3. Humanioribus tantummodo studiis vacavi, tum in Anglia, ubi oleum et operam perdidi; tum Audomaropoli, ubi non mediocrem (ut opinor) feci progressum. 4. Bis in Anglia gravi admodum morbo multabar, ad eo tempore, nullo, nisi dolore aliquando capitis non ita molesto ut morbi nomen


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

179

habeat, qui cum omnibus paene communis erat; insuper oculorum me dolor tenet quo a primis pueritiae annis premebar. 5. Vix aliquid mihi hic dicendum; etenim eorum quae ad utramque religionem pertinerent fui minime capax: tamen hoc proferam, aliquoties interfuisse me document is haereticorum, et cum illis impie Deum coluisse, a quo veniam humiliter peto, partim ob timorem praeceptoris quicum eram, partim ob patrem quicum saepius interesse coactus fui, partim denique ob delectamentum quod in de accepi. 6. Mecum statui ac proposui divino aspirante numine, vitam Ecclesiasticam traducturum: tt Romae in collegio Anglicano 26 Octobris M.D.C.VII. HENRICUS TAYLERus. SUMMARY

[446J COMBERFORD Henry, alias Tayler, born at Wednesbury, Staffordshire; educated first by a schismatic tutor, then by a heretic, then by the Jesuits at St. Omers. Son of a Catholic mother, now dead, and a schismatic father, surviving; left all his brothers and sisters Catholics, but has heard rumours of the apostasy of his eldest brother; left all his kinsfolk Catholics except for Mr. Skeffington and Mr. Stanley with their families. Studied humanities in England wasting his time; and at St. Omers, successfully. Was twice seriously ill in England; since then healthy except for occasional headaches; since boyhood has suffered pains in the eyes. Sometimes attended heretical teaching and worship out of fear of his tutor, or to accompany his father, or for pleasure. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Rome, in the English College, 26 October 1607.

1607 [447]

1. Nativum mihi nomen est Thomas Cooke, annorum ero duodeviginti ubi vigesimus primus decembris dies (qui Divo Thomae apostolo sacer est) advenerit. Londini natus sum, ibidem aliquamdiu educatus, unde in Hartfordiam ad aliquantum temporis deductus aviae, matris meae matri committer, iterumque paulo post Londinum matre, si memini, comitante revehor. Aliquantam inde temporis intercessit cum ecce mihi admodum puero mater eripitur, causa quae mortis fuerit equidem non facile affirmavero: est tamen quae curae ex patris mei incuria susceptae imputet, cui, quod optime noscat (est enim matris meae germana soror) non dubitem assentiri. Matre iam mortua, cura cuiusdam aviunculi mei, matris germani, in Cantium ductus nutriri trador, quo cum tres circiter annos moratus, eodem quantum novi, qui me miserat revocante Londinum redeo iterumque ab eodem in alia Cantii parte cum ministro quodam haeretico mihi ut vide or audivisse aliquunde cognato collocatus ab


180

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

eodem avunculo Londinum denuo revocor, et civi cuidem Londinensi committor, quem brevi reliqui, impetraverat enim matertera mea Domini CoHordi uxor quae illa tempestate in Anglia degebat, a fratre suo, ut secum me in Belgium traduceret, quacum et cum avunculo semper egi quoad in Audomarense collegium adscriptus sum. 2. Parentem habui quantum scio haereticum utrumque simul et alios omnes consanguineos, una except a matertera eiusque marito domino CoHordo. Matrem habui familia nobili oriundam: pater nobilis necne fuerit non possum affirmare matri tamen, ut ex verbis et factis aliorum colligo, impar fuit, sed nescio quo factum est ut illi se mater spoponderit magna cum omnium consanguineorum in dignatione et ira, aviae praesertim quae indignissime tulit, ubi in concilio de ilIa pari alicui, cuius nomen nescio, nubenda hoc audivit. fuit autem pater meus vagabundus postea nescio per quae maria per quas terras, meque aliosque suos deseruit. Consanguineorum omnium et nomina et statum cum puer adeo ex Anglia excesserim non potui novisse. A parte matris avunculum unum bene nosco cui nomen est sicut et matri cuius est germanus Eduardus Cooke 1 ; alterum eius fratrem non ita bene, et vix nisi nomine, Gulielmus vocatur. Germanam in de ipsius materteram meam Domini Colfordi uxorem, novi optime, nomen puto est Thomasena, alios nisi in aere non novi. Unum memini me vidisse patris mei fratrem cuius praenomen nisi sit Gulielmus nescio cognomen est Cooke. Sororem habeo natu maximam, tres alios fratres me minores. Novercam intellexi habere me, quaem nec vidi nec ex ullo audivi qualis esset, solum hoc, quod aliquando substantiarum eess videretur 3. Et Londini et in Cantio scholas triviales frequentavi. utrobique etiam rudiment a humaniorum litterarum operam dedi, aliquid an nihil profecerim ilIic excidit: caeterum summam doctrinae meae Audomari acquisivi in collegio Anglicano; ubi etiam antequam collegium ingrederer scholas triviales linguae gallicae et scripturae causa adivi. 4. De valetudine corporis habeo quod Deo gratias agam: talis enim ipso volente ea semper fuit ut de meliore non ausim deinceps praesumere Quoad animae aegritudinem quam ego scrupulos vel dubia circa fidem interpretor, equidem a quo tempore fidem agnovi, dubii circa ilIam nihil habui nec iam habeo, in iis quae non capio, intellectum meum ecclesiae opinioni subiiciens, antequam vero anglia excessi talium dubiorum minime capax eram. 5. Haereticus, ut ante dixi, quoad Anglia excessieramt, in Belgio opera avunculi mei domini Gabrielis Colfordi catholic am sum edoctus religionem. 6. Disciplinam collegii deo iuvante observabo; de vita ecclesiastica agenda certi aliquid definitique quod responde am nondum 1

Or: "Tooke.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

181

habeo; hoc tamen dico nullo modo ab illa abhorrere me et sperare brevi fore ut optimam earn Mariae magdalenae partem eligam quae â&#x20AC;˘ a me non auferetur, quod ipsa Diva Magdalena, Deus Optimus Maximus et Beata Virgo faxint. Romae in collegio anglicano die Octobris 15to anno 1607. THOMAS CLOFORDUS alias COOKE SUMMARY [447J COOKE Thomas alias Colford, born 21.12.1589 in London, brought up first there, and later with his maternal grandmother in Hertford, then again in London with his mother until her death (due, so her sister said, to her husband's neglect); then spent three years in Kent in the care of his mother's brother; was recalled to London; was sent back to another part of Kent to live with a heretical parson, a kinsman; was recalled by the same uncle to live with a citizen of London; was then taken to Belgium by his aunt, Mr. Colford's wife, with the permission of her brother; lived with her and her husband until he entered St. Omers College. (The respondent's father, probably a heretic, married above himself; the marriage caused great anger in the respondent's mother's family, especially to his grandmother, who had been planning to marry her to some peer. He was a vagabond who wandered oversea and deserted his children.) Knows few of his kinsfolk except for his mother's brothers Edward and William Cooke heretics, and his mother's sister, Thomasina, and her husband Mr. Colford, both Catholics. Once saw a brother of his father called William Cooke. Has one elder sister and 3 younger brothers. Has heard that he has a stepmother whom he has never seen and who appears to have been rich. Attended common schools in London and Kent, studying rudiments; forgets whether he progressed; learnt most of what he knows in the English College at St. Omers, having first attended common schools there to learn French and writing. Very healthy. Was too young to have doubts against faith when he left England; since accepting the faith has had none. Was a heretic until he left England, and was taught the Catholic faith in Belgium through the good offices of his uncle Mr. Gabriel Colford. Has not decided whether to be an ecclesiastic, but is not repelled by the prospect and hopes that he will shortly choose the better part with Mary. Rome, in the English College, 15 October 1607. [448J 1. Nomen patris mei fuit Lancelotus Machellus, et matris lana, in comitatu Westmorlandiae vixerunt, nomen loci est Whinfall, qui ab oppido, cui nomen est Kendalia, quatuor milliaribus distat, ibi natus et cum parentibus educatus eram, et prius decem annos compleveram, quam ad scholam missus eram, tunc circa annum et paucos menses praeceptor haereticus me docuit, sub cuius manibus M


182

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

nihil omnino profeci, nullam curam habuit quia orationes eius audire recusavi, a patre petii ut niihi facultatem adeundi praeceptorem Catholicum daret, qui tribus fere miliaribus a paterna domo scholam apparuisset, annuit: praesenti animo ad illud me contuli, tamen tertio anno (antequam Aesopum triveram) ab haereticis captus erat, primo anno mater e vita emigravit sequenti pater, quibus mortuis, a fratribus ad meum avunculum deductus eram, apud quem moratus sum tribus annis ; 2. Parentes mediae sortis fuere, duos fratres habeo, (ego sum aetate minimus) quorum maximus natu est haereticus, alter Catholicus; avunculus meus est schismaticus, ille habet duos filios, quorum maior natu est bonus et probatus catholicus, sed alter malus, et procax haereticus, hic Cantabrigiae studet, et concionibus suis et scriptos animos auditorum a catholica religione laborat avertere; 3. In anglia sub praeceptore illo catholico gramaticae operam dedi, et non male pro tempore profeci, et anno praeterito Duaci poesios curs urn audivi. 4. Sum sano corpore, et spero me satis validum esse ad studiorum labores alacriter tolerandos. 5. Nunquam haereticus extiti, sed in catholic am Ecclesiam instanter desiderabam ascribi, quod per operam Richardi Personi avunculi mei filii factum erat; nihil unquam passus sum, uno loco manere non potui, haeretici enim me persequi inceperunt, propter quam causam uno anno in domo nobilis cuiusdam degi, caeteros cum fratre; pecunias quas mihi pater moriens reliquerat frater ille qui schismaticus est, in suis manibus habuit, sed mihi dare recusavit, tandem autem ad instantiam cognati mei Personi decem minas, ex centum, recepi; quibus receptis, avolavi 6. Proposito et desiderio vitam Ecclesiasticam agendi; et disciplinam Collegii in quo manerem, observandi. Romae in collegio Anglicano 9. Octobris Anno Domini 1607 anno aetatis meae vigessimot primo. LANCELOTUS MACHELLUS. SUMMARY

[448] MACHELL Lancelot, 20, son of Lancelot and Jane, born and brought up in his parents' house at Whinfield, Westm orland, 4 miles from Kendal; when 10 went to school; was taught for over a year by a heretic who neglected him because he refused to go to prayers; obtained his father's permission to study grammar with a Catholic teacher who had started a school 3 miles from home; had not reached Aesop when this teacher was captured by heretics in his third year; lost his mother in the first year and his father in the following year; on their death was taken by his brothers to his uncle where he lived 3 years. Son of middle class parents, has 2 elder brothers, the eldest a heretic and the second a Catholic. (His uncle is a schismatic, and has 2 sons of whom the elder is agood Catholic, and the younger an evil and stubborn heretic, who studies


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

183

at Cambridge and writes and preaches heretical propaganda.) Studied poetry at Douai last year. Healthy. Never a heretic; ardently desired to become a Catholic; was helped to do so by Richard Persons, his uncle's son; was driven from place to place by heretics; lived one year in the house of a nobleman and the rest with his broth~r; was refused by his schismatical brother the money which his father had left him; at last received ÂŁ10 out of ÂŁ100 at the instance of his cousin Persons; ran away on receipt of them. Desires to be .an ecclesiastic. Rome, in the English College, 9 October '1607.

1607 [449J 1. respondeo, appellor vero nomine Henricus Copingerus, sum annorum circiter viginti septem ut opinor, natus sum Buriae Sancti Edmondi in Suffo1cia, educatus ibidem usque ad decimum quintum aetatis annum, deinde Cantabrigiae per septem aut octo annos, ubi etiam gradum Bac'c halaureatus in lure civili accepi. 2. respondeo, patrem meum Henricum Copingerum nominad, matrem per viginti annos mortuam fuisse, patrem vero adhuc superstitem ,qui status et condition is est, mediocris, artificio sutor vestiarius. nullum fratrem in vivis, unam tan tum sororem habeo, quae etiam catholica est, consanguinei mei omnes sunt aut haeretici, aut saltern non Catholici, pater vero meus Catholicam religionem exoptat, sed se catholicum prae timore profited non audet. 3. Respondeo, me parum temporis philosophiae, deinde sex vel septem annos studio iuris civilis impendisse, postea historiae et controversiis operam dedisse, non tamen cum debita attentione, animique intentione, ita quod non multum in his studiis profecerim; studui vero plerumque aut Cantabrigiae, aut Buriae Sancti Edmondi. 4 . . respondeo, me quamdiu vixeram in Anglia bona semper fruitum esse valetudine, ita quod rarissime aegrotarem, semel tan tum incidi in febrem octo aut novem ab hinc annis, dudum vero laborabam vertigine quadam capitis pene per quatuordecim dies, cui etiam adiuncta erat aliqua debilitas corporis, et non multo post accessit fluxus corporis per decem aut undecim dies continuus, praesenti vero tempore me penitus liberum ab omni infirmitate, debilitate, et aegritudine animae vel corporis sentio. 5. respondeo, me Schismaticum fuisse usque ad annum aetatis vicesimum, aut vicesimum primum, tunc vero consilio domini Gulielmi Alabastri, opera vero reverendi patris Bicklei Societatis Iesu sacerdotis in gremium ecclesiae Romanae receptus fui, aliquid vero incarcerationis pati pro religione non fui dignus, tantum a domo paterna per aliquot annos ad declinandam persecutionem exulare coactus fui. 6. respondeo. me Romam venisse eo proposito et intentione ut


184

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

per aliquot annos studens in hoc collegio Anglicano aptior postea fierem ad offerendum memet religioni Societatis lesu, tt Datum Romae, quinto Novembris anno domini 1607. Per me HENRICUM COPINGERUM. SUMMARY [449J COPINGER Henry, c. 27, son of Henry (a tailor), born at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, educated there until 14, then studied 7 or 8 years at Cambridge; B.C.L. Lost his mother 20 years ago; has no surviving brother, one Catholic sister; has only non-Catholic kinsfolk. (His father would like to live as a Catholic but does not dare.) Studied philosophy briefly and Civil Law 6 or 7 years, then history and controversies superficially. Was mainly healthy in England, but fell into a fever 8 or 9 years ago; long ago suffered vertigo for 14 days with weakness of body and later dysentery for 11 continuous days; now perfectly healthy. Was a schismatic until 19 or 20, then reconciled by Fr. Bickley, S.J. on the advice of William Alabaster; was forced to stay away from his father's house for some years to avoid persecution. Desires to study in the English College for some years and then to join the Jesuits. Rome 5 November 1607. [4S0J 1. Mihi nomen est loannE's Mannock, Patris Gulielmus Matris Audria; lam ago aetatis Annum 20um. Natus eram in Norfolcia ; educatus vero in Suffolcia apud Parentes. in quorum aedibus privato quodam Praeceptore per aliquot Annos studui; inde ad Collegium Anglicanum Audomari in Belgio Aetatis Anno IS° veni, ubi in hoc tempus vixi. 2. Ex nobilibus natus eram Parentibus. Parentes et praecipui amici sunt nobiles et satis ut opinor divites. duos habeo frat res unum maiorem alterum natu minorem. unam SOl'orem, Cognatos multos et praecipuos Catholicos. 3. Studiis humanioribus operam dedi, in quibus me video aliquos progressus fecisse, mea tamen incuria et negligentia longe minores quam et debuissem et potuissem. 4. Non recordor me vel Animi vel Corporis ullas cuisvist ponderis sensisse aegritudines; et ideo Deo Optimo Maximo (qui me ab his conservavit) reddo et debeo gratias. s. Semper in Catholica fide sum educatus, primo. autem reconsiliatust per Reverendum Patrem Patrem Rogerum Floyde fratrem Reverendi Patris Patris Ioannis Floyde; Nihil autem circa illud negotium mihi accidit; semel tamen cum venturus eram ex Anglia Audomarum in Belgio litteris operam daturus, cum caeteris sociis captus, et in Carcerem missus, post una~ vero septima~am dimi~sus fui. Ex Anglia egressus sum IS aetatls Anno, et ultuno Regmae Elisabethae Regni Anno. Anno autem 20 0 aetatis Romam veni 0


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

185

6. Nondum proposui me vitam Ecclesiasticam acturum, nee adhuc sentio me ad illud munus obeundum a Deo esse vocatum; me licet indignum paratissimum tamen ad illud officium promitto si ita de me constituere divinae suae Magestatit placuerit, tt Romae in Collegio Anglicanae die 16° Octobris Anno Dominicae Incamationis MDCVII IOANNEs MANNOCK alias BRoNus SUMMARY [450] MANNOCK John, alias Brown, 19, son of William and Audrey; born in Norfolk, brought up by his parents in Suffolk; studied at home with a private tutor for some years; when 14, in the last year of Elizabeth, went to St. Omers where he studied until now. Son of rich noble family; has 2 brothers, one older and one younger, and 1 sister; has many kinsfolk, mainly Catholic. Studied humanities, with poor progress due to negligence. Healthy. Was educated as a Catholic but was first reconciled by Fr. Roger Floyd, brother of Fr. John Floyd; on his way from England to St. Omers was captured with his companions and imprisoned for a week. Does not think he has a vocation to be an ecclesiastic, but is quite ready to follow one if given. Rome, in the English College, 16 October 1607. [451] Anno Domini 1607. Octobris 14to. 1. Nomen verum est Radolphus Greene. Parentum nomina fuere Henricus Grene Anna Ellerker 20 annos habui mense ultimo Maii iam elapso. Natus eram in Comitatu Eboracensi oppido vocato Burne, et ibidem ad undesimumt annum educatus, inde ad 16tum oppido vocato Selby, postremo usque ad vicesimum Oxon Academia. 2. Pater erat generosi filius, mater militis filia, uterque mortuus: pater haeritice, mater catholice. Fratrem habeo unicum coelibem et catholicum: Sorores duas alteram nuptam, utrasque catholicas. Qui matri fuere cognati plerunque omnes sunt catholici aut schismatici, quorum praecipui sunt Dominus Henricus Constable. Dominus Rodol. Ellerker. patris autem cognati inferioris sunt condicionis, et haeretici omnes. 3. Ruri ab infantia usque ad 16tum annum humanioribus studiis operam dedi, deinde Oxon Logicam audivi et philosophiam. Ultimo ad medicinae studium me contuli, et in eodem usque ad discessum meum ab acedemia permanebam, permaneremque diutius nisi hic quem iam suscepi vitae cursus propositum permutasset: in hisce studiis talem feci progressum qualem ii qui magis vanitaturn amoenitate quam scientiae desiderio tenuntur facere solent. 4. Corpus semper habui infirmurn, et variis obnoxium morbis, praecipue vero cholicae et capitis dolori. Animum etiam et multis distractum affectubus et humoribus plerunque autem cholera et melancholia, ex quibus graves exuperuntt motus impuri et instabiles


186

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

circa mores et fidem, ita u(adhuc in neutro eorum est satis sedatus animus. 5. Spatio 16 annorum totus vixi haereticus, quo tempore plerunque separatus ab amicis vix unquam de religione cogitavi, postea vero dum domi aliquantisper vixi frequentem matris et sororis devotion em , et pia earum colloquia animadvertens, meliorem mihi visae sunt vitam agere quam alii, et melior tum visa est etiam earum religio. Verum cum illic statim Oxoniam esset proficiscendum, pene e contrario eorum conciones diverterunt animum. Tum saepe mecum volvere solebam argument a varia, quibus aliquando ad hanc, aliquando ad alteram religion em inclinavit animus. Praeterea intervenerunt varia mundi oblectamenta quibus omnibus cum catholicos orbatos vidi, me fore catholicum non assentiret anim.us. denuo aut em do mum rediens: denuo etiam pro amicorum exemplo commotus est animus. Tum assidua oratione petere a Deo decrevi, ut me in recta religione institueret. deinde libros quaesivi, quibus¡ animum a rebus mundanis avocarem, et controversias discuterem. Et utrique ab amico suppeditati. Quos cum legissem nulla mihi visae sunt remanere dubia aut difficultates quae me a conversione detinerent. Cum vero iam vitae cursum mutare resolvissem: ipsumque conversion is tempus adesset, occurrebant dubia et difficultates pene infinitae, quas tamen (ut potui) aufugebam et resign at a mea in dei voluntatem, hanc vitae condicionem assumere proposui. Reconciliavit me Pater Iacksonn sacerdos secundo die Dominico post Pascha nuperrime lapso. recoriciliatum autem in festo Pentecostes secum traduxit vir dignissimus Dominus Guiel : Munson[?J 6. Desiderium habui plurima, quibus mihi saepissime proposui istam vitae condicionem quam nunc cooperante dei gratia propono : sed intervenientibus aut molestiis aut voluptatibus visum est propositum debilitari. Istud unicum tamen (quoties haec mecum repeto) angit maxime, quod cum adeo instabilis sit animus, tantisque obnoxius impuritatibus et infirmitatibus; sacerdotali dignitate plane mihi videar indignus. Romae in Collegio Anglicano Octobris 16to anna domini 1607. per me RODOLPHUM GREENE. SUMMARY [451J GREENE Ralph, 20 last May, son of Henry and Anne Ellerker; born at Bourne, Yorkshire, and educated there until 10, at Selby until 15, and at Oxford until 19. (His father was the son of a gentleman, his mother daughter of a knight; both are dead, the father a heretic, the mother a Catholic.) Has one unmarried Catholic brother and 2 sisters both Catholics, one married. Is related on his mother's side mainly to Catholics and schismatks, including Henry Constable and Ralph Ellerker; on his father's side is related to heretics of lower status. Studied humanities before going up to Oxford; there read logic, philosophy and medicine, in frivolous fashion. Is weak


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

187

in body and tends to illness, especially colic and headaches; is given to choler and melancholy, which gives rise to motions of unbelief and immorality which upset his mind. Was a heretic 16 years and rarely thought of religion; was attracted to Catholicism by the devoutness of his mother and sister, and attracted to heresy by the sermons which he heard at Oxford and the worldly pleasures which were incompatible with Catholicism; took to prayer and read spiritual and controversial books borrowed from a friend; was converted by reading, though doubts still crowded in, and was reconciled by Fr. Jackson bn the second Sunday after Easter last. Was brought oversea last Whit by William Mounson. Desires to take up this course of life; but hesitates because of his unworthiness to be a priest. Rome, in the English College, 16 October 1607.

[452J 1. respondeo quod nomen mihi verum est Antonius Stauntonus, dictus Antonius per confirmationem nuperime in Belgia, per baptismum aut em Henricus nominatus, et Henrici nomine Anglia notus. Patrus mei nomen Richardus Stauntonus, matrisque lana. Natus Cirencestriae in comitatu Glocestriae anno Domini 1586. 17° lanuarii, ibi educatus, ubi et vixi et studui usque ad xvi m annum aetatis meae. 2. respondeo ortum me fuisse ex parentibus generosis, et per 10 vel 12 annos Catholicis. pater iurisperitus est, haud dives, mediocrem tamen habet substantiam ratione autem saevientis persecutionis, vix satis ad suam conditionem. unicum habeo fratrem, 5, sorores, cognatos alios catholicos, haereticos aliquos, praecipue aut em patruum quendam haereticum iurisperitum divitem; sub cuius protectione pater agit ut iurisperitus. 3. respondeo studuisse me Oxoniae in aula Glocestrensi, ibique dedisse operam Rhetoricae, deinde Dialecticae parti. hoc tamen sine accessu ad publica illius domus exetcitia, ut, disputationes, lectiones, nisi etiam ad orationes. 4. respondeo, non sentio ullam aegritudinem corporis, nec animae, nec sensi, ut assidue contingentem, nisi quod aliquando periculoso morbo affectus semel morti vicinus, dei autem misericordia ad hunc usque diem salvus. sensi etiam aliquando dolorem capitis, ratione aestus; tanto autem huius peregrinationis calore tantaque agitatione corporis vix semel (laus Deo beatae virgini Mariae) eodem dol ore aggravatus. 5. respondeo (nec sine contritione) quod extiti Schismaticus usque ad xvii m , aetatis meae annum, quo tempore memor imminentis paenae, amoris Dei amissi, bonique Catholicorum consortii praetermissi; factus sum catholicus. quod cum paulatim praedictus patruus tandem percepisset (cui ego antea amore devinctus, quique mihi omnia sua in posterum promittebat) (non enim habet liberos) consuetum erga me amorem et humanitatem detinuit:


188

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

mutata ut videbatur illius intentione; egressus sum igitur ex Anglia privatim consensu patris et amicorum, invito autem patruo, venique Audomarum, inde Romam unus ex missione. 6. respondeo quod sentio firmum propositum ac desiderium ad vitam ecclesiastic am agendam, tt Romae in Collegio Anglicano 16° die Octobris anno 1607. ANTONIUS STAUNTONUS. SUMMARY

[452J STAUNTON Antony (so confirmed in Belgium; known in England by his baptismal name Henry); son of Richard and Jane, born 17.1.1586 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire, and educated there until 15. Son of gentry, who have been Catholics 10 or 12 years. (His father is a lawyer with barely sufficient means owing to savage persecution.) Has 1 brother and 5 sisters; has both Catholic and heretical kinsfolk, including a rich lawyer uncle who is his father's patron. Studied rhetoric and some dialectic at Gloucester Hall; was unable to attend the disputations and lectures of the house without attending prayers also. Healthy, except that he once nearly died of a dangerous disease; sometimes suffers from headaches through heat, but not on his recent journey. Was a schismatic until 16; was then converted and thus lost the friendship and promised inheritance of his rich and hitherto loving uncle. Left England secretly with the approval of his family-except for this uncleand went to St. Omers; was sent thence as one of the mission. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Rome, in the English College, 16 October 1607. [453J 1. Ego Gulielmus Whittinghamus die Purificationis Beatae Virginis postremo elapsa natus annos sexdecem t, in villa Lancastriae non admodum celebri oriundus ibidem per duos tan tum annos cum parentibus catholicis Richardo et Anna puer catholico ritu baptizatus remansi. Postea occasione postulante ad aviam, oppidum prope Eboracum nomine Po clinton incolentem, sum deportatus, ubi ad annum aetatis decimum tertium me studiis applicui, et (proh dolor) bonarum institutionum indigus in haeriticorum superstitiones incidi, et sine ulla necessitate sodales propter meram familiaritatem in illorum ecclesias sum comitatus. Verum hoc exacto tempore ad patrem remeavi, et post medium annum priorum librorum lectione commotus me ad pristinam fidem recepi, et ante alterius anni finem Duacum patris consensu adnavigavi. 2. Quod ad parentum statum et vitae conditionem attinet, sunt ambo ex nobili prosapia oriundi, divitiis hoc instanti satis abundantes et quod caeteris praeferendum est catholicam fidem profitentes. Fratres tan tum duo mecum in hunc usque diem vixere, quorum natu maior uxorem duxit et in Anglia catholicus vivit. Cognatos


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

189

habeo plurimos sed praecipui sunt avunculi quatuor matris fratres, (Pater enim nullos habet vel unquam habuit) illorum maximus aetate Robertus Dowlman et minimus Gulielmus sunt catholici; alii duo Marmaducus et Petrus[?J haeretici, non tamen seditiosi. 3. Prima literarum elementa cum avia habitans Poclintonii didici, ibique tamdiu studui dum latina vocabula aliqua ex parte inteillgerem, tum alterum praeceptorem Whaulei in comitatu Lancastriae per annum audivi; et demum adii Duacum ubi Poesios Rhetoricesque eursum perfeci. 4. Optima (laus Deo) tot a fere vita sum usus valitudinet,. integerrimisque corporis viribus: pro anima non hactenus tam malam valitudinem t, quam in posterum bonam me consecuturum spero. 5. Haereticus quidem fui seu potius scismaticus (ut supra dictum est) sed sanis consiliis et piis sacerdotis admonitionibus ad mentem redii, nee quicquam postea scriptu dignum pro fide sum perpessus. 6. Firmiter statuo et propono si Deo eomplaceat nullam aliam vitam quam ecclesiasticam agere; tt Romae in Collegio Anglicano die nono Octobris anno aetatis meae decimo septimo. Anno Domini Millesimo sexcentesimo septimo Romae. GULIELMUS WHITTINGHAMUS. SUMMARY

[453J WHITTINGHAM William, son of Richard and Anne, born 2.2.1591 in Lancashire, baptised a Catholic; was later sent to his grandmother at Pocklington, near York; studied there until 12; fell into heresy and accompanied his companions to church; returned to his father, and repented six months later on reading pious books and receiving an admonition from a priest; returned to his former faith and within two years sailed to Douai with his father's consent. Son of rich noble Catholic parents; has 2 surviving brothers of whom the eldest, a Catholic, is married in England; has many kinsmen, notably four maternal uncles, Robert, Marmaduke, Peter and William Dolman, the eldest and youngest of whom are Catholics and the others moderate heretics; has no paternal uncles. Studied rudiments at Pocklington, and later at Whalley, Lancashire; finished rhetoric and poetry at Douai. Always healthy. Desires. to be an ecclesiastic. Rome, in the English College, 9 October 1607~ aet. 17. [454J 1. Nomen mihi patrique meo verum est Sherwood; cognomen iill Iohannes, mihi Thomas. aetatem habeo 24 annorum: natus fui Welliae anglice dietae Welles; educatus Bathoniae, ubi teneriores annos in literis humanioribus sub praeceptoribus, Adamo Arnold et Henrico Slyman, quorum alter Societatis Iesus reverendus pater


190

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

nunc est, alter in Hispania Ducessae Ferariae secretarius, posui. Vitam, ut plurimum cum parentibus, sub eisque usque ad bieniumt hoc ultimum traduxi totam Bathoniae, praeter duos annos id circa, Londini, quos studiis item dedi; et praeter otiosas ad amicos vel per divers as partes Angliae peregrinationes. 2. Mater haud ignobilis, cui de patre suo nomen est Knowell ; matrem habet illa nomine Martin, de Adlamstone domus utraque antiqua; sorores nuptas omnes, niminim unam et primam natu Iohanni Parrham de Adber Armigero, cuius filius et unica proles equestri ordine duxit haeredem Elizabeth Tyllye nuper id est ab anna defunctam et catholicam; postea duxit idem unam e filiabus Thomae Tressam equestris: Idem Ed: Parrham, pridem et a multis annis catholicus, nuperrime, quemadmodum audivi, frequentavit haereticas ecc1esias, licet opinione, ut opinor, a re catholica non alienus: mater euisdem egregie quidem constantiam suam de religione et pietate catholica patefecit, quum et impetui praecipui Iusticiarii 10: Poppam, et insaniae impatentissimit puritani Franc: Hastings frequenter et longanimiter obstiterit : Idemque Iohannes Parrham tanta de uxore sua pertulit imo carcerem ipsum, nec illi idcirco inhumanior aliquo modo, ut habeam pro certo conscientiam habere se catholicam quantumvis aetati sit adhuc servus haereticae: possessiones suae valent octingentis minis aut circiter annue. Aliam habuit mater mea sororem nuptam domino Ed: Keines armigero qui possit ex haereditamentis suis expendere, ni fallar, 300 libras annue, catholicus est cum uxore sua et liberis. Aliam habet sororem catholicam iam schismaticam uxorem 10: Lond, qui licet haud multum sibi vendicett, ut opinor, de maioribus nobilitatis; tamen apud omnes, ratione divitiarum, nescio quo sinis.t ro modo coactarum, habetur aut saltern appellatur nobilis. duas etiam habet alias, quarum altera cuiusdam Iohannis Bishop Educati Oxonii, quonam in collegio non occurrit, et sub episcopatu Welliensi Regesterii uxor erat quo cum honeste satis vixit; post autem, dicto Iohanne defuncto, multo iam vivit asperius cum secundo suo marito nominato Willisse; altera et ultima sororum cum viro suo Coxon, ut audivi saepius, fortunis haud mediocri, sed fortuna, qua fretus erat nimium, nimium despecto, bonis omnibus et vita casso ultima una est experta et obiit Mater (cuius frater maior natu, nomen Will; Knowell nunc, ut accepi, schismaticus, uxor licet sua catholica sit quae sic instruit suam prolem, tenet, quod reliquum est, haereditamenta 300 librarum annue) ritu nuptiali ad patrem meum Iohannem Sherwood unun absque terris aliquibus vel haereditate sibi decretis vel emptis praxi sua medicinae in qua Doctor est adiungitur. His una vivit nata illocata : septem autem filii, quorum maior natu duxit paucis abhinc mensibus Margaretam filiam domini Prater de Nunnye, quaenam sint illis media, nil audio, credo, parca satis; sunt autem in Hibernia catholici ambo; ubi nobis est cognatus nomine Sherwood qui valet 1000 libris circiter. Quinque etiam alios habeo fratres omnes me


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

191

natu min ores ; Ipse nunc quidem superstes natu secundus sum, sed habeo me solum et vere tanta hac vocatione secundum. Sunt etiam quatuor filiae, ni fallar, et haeredes supradicti Martin optimae nuptu locatae mihique per matrem meam consanguineae; quarum alterius vir Flere catholicus, alterius White, puto schismaticus alius Scroupe Calvinista cum quarta cuius nominis non memini, ut nec ipsam bene novi. Per patrem meum habeo Rich: et Henr: Sherwood patruos et sacerdotes; paucos aut nullos alios coniunctos sanguine; amicitia plures. Nihilominus inopi me valde condicione iam esse fateor; nec enim aliquem istorum omnium novi qui simul et velit et possit opitulari mihi quantum ad pecunias, plus autem in his partibus ab ignotis agnosco beneficionlm accepisse me, idque a Patribus Societatis Iesu, quam unquam ab illis, vel sperare possim. 3. Dedi operam, ut supra dixi studiis humanioribus in quibus ex resupina negligentia mea partim, partim ex opera remissiore praeceptoris in Anglia mei postremi, ne dicam indocti, valde parum profeci, imo quae a priore percepi sub illo multa oblivioni tradidi. Londini cum nausea quadam iuri communi studui, in quo nihil per id biennium profeci. Postea in Collegio Anglicano Audomari puto me plus operae dedisse et literarum percepisse, quam tot a vita mea praeterita; ibi fere biennio studui. 4. Semel, a 14 annis sunt ex quo laboravi flu xu sanguineo cum periculo vitae. semper erat mihi pituita molesta, idque ex defectu exercitationis quae mihi semper erat et est molestior per quadamt ut arbitror, animi torpedinem. Animus affectus est ex quo sum catholicus scrupulis illosque patri mea confessario retegendi pudore, et ingenio semper, ut etiam nunc haud satis excitato. Praeterea saepe novae diversaeque cogitationes aliae a lias extrudunt, quod et memoriae in ediscendo, et in excogitandoingenio, caeterisque occupationibus animae sive inter studia, seu devotas cogitationes, impedimento solet esse mihi non minimo. 5. N on solum haereticos mores et templa, verum etiam opiniones amplexus sum: tandem a Iohanne fratre mea natu maiore, necnon scientia et praxi religionis catholicae me longe meliore, quum sit iam a 10 annis ad minimum catholicus, tandem, inquam, ab eodem accepi sermones interdiu, quos ausus fuerit mihi tum puero proferre, ex quibus multa dubia coepi mecum in animo versare per quae videbar ab haeretica securitate, qua vixeram avelli; adeo ut in genua prolapsus omnisciens numen quam potui ferventissime adoravi, et brevi, veritatem ipsam de veritate religionis aperienda mihi caeco dubioque indies frequentavi suppliciter. Postea quum ex instantia cuiusdam amicissimi patri mea Thomae Emerson iurisconsulti, mihi Londinum abeundum esset iuri studendi gratia, de hoc inter alia me valde sollicite praemonuit pater meus; ne, quum sit verisimile fore ut in consortes tum puritanos tum alios pro suo arbitratu diversae sectae saepius et familiarius inciderem, memoria et sententia ecclesiae catholicae semper amplectendae mihi unquam exciderit (quamvis, ut superaddidit, temporibus eundo ad templa etc.


192

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

inserviendum est, quo susceptum istiusmodi negotium commodius ac utilius peragerem: quod me caepit aliquid movere, et dubium omne quae vera fuerit religio omnino paene toilere. Dein statim in itinere Londinum versus de causa iam dicta defecit equus antea sanus, ut memini, et specie spirituque vigens ; me vero cadens praeiecit is humi graviter ac periit in via: hinc mecum cogitavi, et dubitavi ut deo placuerit hoc a me susceptum. Tamen Londinum perveni, et ibi postea parum immoratus studiis in hospitio Leonino casu quodam et opera catholice quorundam affectorum in librum meditationum authore reverendo Ludovico Granatensi incidens magis, magis que huius legendi desiderio ducebar; adeo ut libros de iure vix unquam postea sine taedio tractarem: tamen quo liberiore animo progressu in institutis uterer, deposui divinum ilium librum e manibus quidem; sed ex animo non potui: nihilominus operam quasi per annum post his studiis dedi; et rarius eundem Granatensem inspexi solito; si vel aliquid ibi perlegerim, non a duabus postea septimanis absque turbato quidem animo potui libros de iure consulere; unde praesertim affectum erat ut parum aut nihil emolumenti per id anni spacium acciperem Ad finem huius anni venit ad me patruus meus Henr. Sherwood; is mihi significabat hoc se de fratre suo Rich. e Flandria accepisse inter alia; nimirum, si frater meus Iohannes aequo ac libenti animo subiret sacerdotium in patriam viginti solum libris veniat instructus et sufficiet. Iile vero potius optavit ut ego fratris mei Iohannis vicem subirem; affirmans et ratione aetatis meae quae tunc erat 18 circiter, et profectus in literis, futurum fuisse me aptiorem ad id munus subeundum: Ego vero respondi partim propter matrem, ne earn cura et dolore nimio confecero quae me nimium dilexit, partim ne patrem ex inobedientia offendero, qui mihi contrarium iniunxit invitum esse me nec audere; Iile cum me pueriliter adeo obstinacem advertisset, discessit; quem ex tunc nunquam vidi. Deinde ad patrem domum reversus, fratri mea Iohanni hoc idem retuli qui etiam mihi patefecit quantam oportunitatem neglexerim. Duobus annis post haec, aut plus eo, fratrem meum eundem adverti cum alio nobis affine Renr : Sherwood noto etiam mihi catholico saepe coiloquentem idque valde submisse et in secreto, quod totum erat, ut etiam ex aliis se prodentibus indiciis habui suspectum de matre reconcilianda; tandem nactus occasione quum fuerim eiusdem fratris mei contubemalis et cum ilio tum cubitum ituro, rogavi eum ut de re mihi pene certa satisfaceret; respondit, velIe se: nun quid de matre mea, dixi, reducenda ad ecc1esiam tu cum Henrico: Sherwood cognato mea consilium tam secretum et frequens inivisti? verum est, aiebat ilie; et si velis, tu etiam fieri tum possis catholicus, Die Dominico venturo veniet, qui matrem reconciliabit: et ex ino die, Mercurii scilicet, (sic enim puto) paravi me quam potui diligentissime, sed ut debui, breve quidem iliud spacium inpedivit, quo minus potui. Ergo die ilio dominico circa festum divi Michaelis Archangeli ad annum aetatis meae vigesimum in sanctam matrem ecc1esiam resipui. Nec ali quid me


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

193

-passum ex tunc memini praeter habitum infestum vitiorum ex quibus ante laboravi. Duobus post annis in Anglia remansi (quamvis ab anno medio post reconciliationem mei cogitavi de hoc vitae, in quo nunc versor, instituto) quum Ed: Parrham ut in se quodammodo curam paternam quatuor filiorum patris mei susciperet per literas rogabat quum in Belgium capitaneus esset iturus : tum ego cum illis 20 libris quas habui de parentibus, et supra, ad ilIum Londinum discessurus valedixi parentibus; demum eius opera transfretavi in Belgium ipso die Sancti Petri; ubi, expensa fere tota pecunia. mea, causam hic et modum taceo, veni Bruxellis Duacum, admittendus, ut speravi, ex literis patrui mei Rich in collegium ibi, Veni autem eo post inchoata studia; unde me distulit recipere reverendus dominus praeses. Tuli vero literas de me commendaticias, ut opinor, ex effectu a reverendo patre Baldwino ad reverendum patrem Gibbonium, qui paulo post accepit inde occasionem recommendandi me reverendo patri Baldwino ut admitterer in collegium Audomarense, quod effectum erato Ibi pau10 ante natalitia Domini Syntaxim audivi; anna sequenti e poesi Ad collegium hoc Romanum indignissimus inde missus sum. 6. Propono vitam ecclesiasticam, ad quam sentio desiderium quantulumcunque, sentire vero desidero quam maximum. tt Romae in Collegio Anglicano die, 16to Octobris Anno Domini 1607° THOMAS: SHERWOOD SUMMARY

[454] SHERWOOD Thomas, 24, son of John and Knowell, born at Wells and educated at Bath in humanities under Adam Arnold (now a Jesuit) and Henry Slyman (now secretary to the Duchess of Feria[?] in Spain); lived with his parents at Bath until 2 years ago, except for 2 years in London, and journeys to friends in England during holidays. (The respondent's father has no property, but is a Doctor of Medicine. The respondent's mother, daughter of - - - - Knowell, of Adlamstone, and his wife Martin, is of noble stock and has one elder brother, William, a schismatic with a Catholic wife and children, who has estates of £300 a year. She has also 5 married sisters, as follows. 1. The wife of John Parham, Esq. of Adber, a staunch Catholic woman much persecuted by Chief Justice Popham and Sir Francis Hastings; she has caused many sufferings, including imprisonment, to her heretically timeserving but patient and internally Catholic husband; her only child is Sir Edward Parham, who married Elizabeth Tilly, Catholic heiress to a knight, and after her death a year ago married a daughter of Sir Thomas Tresham; having long been a Catholic he is now said to have begun attending heretical churches, though still Catholic at heart. 2. The Catholic wife of Ed. Keynes, Esq., a Catholic, who has £300 a year to spend, and who is bringing up his children Catholics. 3. The schismatic wife of J O. Lond, a man of ignoble birth who is looked upon as noble because of his ill-gotten riches.


194

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

4. The widow of the late John Bishop, who was an Oxford graduate, Registrar to the Bishop of Wells, and fairly rich; she has now married one Willis and lives in reduced circumstances. S. The wife of a bankrupt speculator named Coxon, who shared her husband's sufferings and died.) The respondent has one unmarried sister who lives with her parents; and six brothers, one older and 5 younger. (The elder brother recently married Margaret, daughter of Mr. Prater of Nunny; they now live in Ireland, probably in poverty, though they have a kinsman there, a Mr. Sherwood, worth ÂŁ1000 a year.) He is related to four Martin heiresses, one of whom is married to a Catholic named Flere, another to a probable schismatic named White, another to a Calvinist named Scrope, and the fourth to a husband unknown. Is nephew to the priests Richard and Henry Sherwood; has few other blood relations. Is very poor and knows no kinsman who is willing and able to give him money; has received more from the Jesuits abroad than he has received or is likely to receive from his family. Studied humanities but made little progress because of his own laziness and the incompetence of his last tutor in England. At the suggestion of Thomas Emerson, a lawyer friend of his father's, studied Common Law in London with some nausea and little profit. Learnt more in 2 years at St. Omers than in all the rest of his life. Almost died of a bloody flux 14 years ago; has always suffered from colds through lack of exercise joined to sluggishness of mind; since being a Catholic has suffered from scruples which he is shy to reveal to his confessor; has a volatile mind. Was a heretic until he was brought to pray for light by his elder brother John, now 10 years a Catholic. Was struck by the advice given him by his father when he was leaving for London to study law: viz. to remember Catholicism while living among Puritans, but to attend heretical churches for the sake of his career. On his way to London was thrown from a hitherto healthy horse; took this as a sign from God. While studying in Lyon's Inn came upon Luis of Granada's book of meditations, which distracted him from his law studies despite himself; after a year's profitless study was visited by his uncle Henry Sherwood who advised him to cross to Flanders to study for the priesthood, in place of his'brother John who had been invited by his other uncle Richard, then living in Flanders, to cross the sea with ÂŁ20. The respondent, though more fitted by age and studies than his brother, replied that he did not wish to grieve his mother and disobey his father; by this reply he alienated his uncle for ever. Returned home, and was upbraided by his brother John for losing such an opportunity. Two years later observed his brother plotting with another Catholic kinsman, Henry Sherwood, to convert his mother; had his suspicions confirmed by his brother when going to bed one Wednesday night; was himself reconciled along with his mother on the following Sunday, about the feast of St. Michael in his 20th year. Six months later conceived a desire to be a priest, but remained in England a


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

195

further 18 months; was then invited by Ed. Parham to accompany him to Belgium, whither he was going as a captain; took leave of his parents, went to London and crossed to Belgium on St. Peter's day with Parham. Having spent most of his money, went from Brussels to Douai with letters from his uncle Richard; was not received into the College because term had already begun; went to Fr. Gibbon with letters from Fr. Baldwin; was recommended back to Fr. Baldwin for admission to St. Omers, began to attend the class of syntax there shortly before Christmas; was sent from Poetry to Rome in the following year. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Rome, in the English College, 16 October 1607.

[455J 1. Nuncupor Ioannes Rudgleus, annum vigesimum duodecimo Aprilis ultimo elapsi explevi, natus fui Londini, educatus in domo paterna toto paene vitae tempore 2. Pater est mihi iurisconsulti peritus, scismaticus, mater Catholic a, uterque ex nobili familia, fratrem habeo natu maiorem Thomam catholicum, et alios duos, quantum nunc temp oris scio, haereticos, nimirum, Petrum et Guliaelmum, sorores, ut opinor, sex haereticas. Cognati sunt mihi plures, quidam Ston~r appellantur, alii Lentol alii Atkinson, Susceptoremmihi vendico Dominum Suthcot Catholicum, Avunculum et amitam, hanc Christi amatricem, illum errore scismatico caecum. 3. Hactenus humanioribus disciplinis operam navavi, nimirum Rudimentis latinis, grammaticae, syntaxi, poesi, et Rhetoricae, hisce me disciplinis Audomaropoli imbui, progressus vero mediocres satis consequutus esse videor. 4. Optima (Deo laus) et corporis et animae valetudine in praesenti utor, ex quo vero hancce Catholicae religionis vestem induit anima mea, non raro et corpore et animo urgeri, gravarique me sensi; corpore, quod fuerim variis infirmitatibus morbisque vexatus; anima, quod tan tum me viderim peccatorem. 5. Ad decimum sextum usque aetatis meae annum haereticorum in morem vixi, eorum autem vivendi rationem ex cunis acceptam, usque ad dictum annum observavi. Istud conversion is meae est initium. salutare sanctae crucis signum formare, edocuit me Susceptor meus Dominus Suthcot, quod, licet virtutem eius nullam cognoscerem, neque quam ob causam id facerem, scirem, tamen quam potui diligentissime observavi, potissimum vero cum cubitum concederem, et cum in itinere, procedentes obviam faeminas cernerem, eas enim, si vetulae essent veneficas esse et incantatrices (quod plures istiusmodi pestes in illis partibus grassarentur) existimabam, quae sane multum saepe timoris iniicere mihi solebant. Hoc toto tamen tempore profana haereticorum templa, vel potius diabolorum aulas frequentabam, post tamen aliquam temp oris intercapedinem, idem ipse, qui me, quinam signo sanctae crucis uterer, instruxerat,


196

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

me in Belgium missum, Audomari in Collegio Anglorum collocavit, ubi me Reverendus Pater Georgius (Deo Laus) convertit; hic annos consumpsi 4 cum dirnidio absoluto iam studio rum cursu Audomari, Romam, ut quod reliquum in studiis meis desideratur, perficiam, sum missus. 6. Propositum meum ad Ecclesiasticam vitae traducendae rationem, firmum et stabile (divina opitulante gratia) volo et in spem venio fore, ut desiderium meum illius consequendae, aliquando tt impleatur. Romae in Collegio Anglicano decimo sexto Octobris, anno 1607. IOANNEs RUDGLEUS. SUMMARY

[455J RUDGLEY John, born in London 12.4.1587, brought up almost all his life in his father's house. Son of a schismatic jurisconsult and a Catholic mother, both of noble family; has elder brother Thomas, a Catholic; has 2 younger brothers Peter and William, probably heretics; has 6 probably heretical sisters. Is related to the Stonors, the Lenthalls, the Atkinsons ; is godson to Mr. Southcott. a Catholic, and has a schismatic uncle and a Catholic aunt. Studied Latin rudiments, grammar, syntax, poetry and rhetoric at St. Omers, with average progress. Healthy at present, but has suffered various infirmities since becoming a Catholic. Was a heretic until 15; learnt the sign of the cross from his godfather Southcott, and used to make it while going to bed or if he met women on the road who might be witches or enchantresses, which were alarmingly frequent in those parts. Went to heretical churches until he was instructed and sent to St. Omers by his godfather; was there reconciled by Fr. George; after 4t years there was sent to Rome to complete his Rome, in the English studies. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. College, 16 October 1607.

1608 [456J 1. Ioannes Portus, vere Layton, ago decimum nonum vel vigesimum annum, natus in partibus Eboracensibus, in episcopatu Dunelmensi iuxta locum quem vocant Gaterlay rase, educatus tum ibi tum aliis in locis, ut in Lancastriae Darbiae, Buckingamiae provinciis. 2. Parentes Catholici statum tenent mediocrem, incertam vero ob persequtionemt habitationem, quorum divitias mille libras valere puto, de usu harum nihil certi possum affirmare, tanta est in Anglia rerum mutatio, et fortunae vicissitudo; fratrem unicum Audomari habeo, sororem nullam, duos vero alios uterinos quorum unus duxit uxorem alter studuit per quatuor annos Valisoleti, ibi vocatur Webbus, verum nomen est Peckam Avunculorum alter est e Societate, alter haereticus eques hi sunt Gerardi.


RESPONSA SCHOLARUM

197

3. Hactenus vacavi dumtaxat humanioribus, studui tam in Eboracensi provincia quam Darbiae et Buckingamiae, sed ad profectum vel nihil vel certe admodum parum, quicqujd enim habeo Audomarensi Collegio et Societati referre debeo, ubi quadriennio abhinc Grammaticam aggressus sum. 4. Gratias Deo Optimo Maximo bene valeo et constitutae sum valitudinist, quod vero ad animam, post hoc exercitium bene valiturum me non dubito. S. Semper laus Deo fui Catholicus. 6. Desidero (si ita superioribus visum fuerit) vitam Ecclesiasticam ducere, et huius Collegii disciplinam observare. Ita testor IOANNES LAYTON. SUMMARY [456J LAYTON John, alias Port, 18 or 19, born at Gatherley Rase, Yorkshire, in the diocese of Durham, brought up there and in Lancashire, Derbyshire and Buckinghamshire. Son of middle class Catholics who moved from place to place because of persecution and who are worth, at present at least, ÂŁ1000; has one brother at St. Omers, no sisters, 2 uterine brothers, one married and one who studied at Valladolid, where he was called Webb, being really Peckham. Has one uncle called Gerard S.J., and another a heretical knight. Studied humanities in Yorkshire, Derbyshire and Buckinghamshire; made little progress until he went to St. Omers 4 years ago to start grammar. Healthy in body; will be healthy in soul after the Exercises. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1608. [457J 1. Nomen est Thomas Manlius. de aetate non constat credo 19

esse me annorum. Natus sum in Broughton in comitatu Northamptoniae et in comitatus eiusdem variis locis in literis educatus. 2. Patris nomen Manlius matris Nichols oriundus uterqne nobill id est generosa ut vocant familia et habentur in patria ubi vivunt divites. Pater schismaticus est mater Catholica Fratres habeo tres quorum duos meipso iuniores promisit mihi pater se ad me missurum nondum tamen est quisquam eorum Catholicus. Sorores habeo sex quarum duae seniores sunt Catholicae 3. Studiis semper operam dedi humanioribus, et sine fructu Northamptoniam Boughton et alios huiusmodi vicos missus in domo patris cum fructu laboravi. et sub eodem magistro in Burton inutiliter laboravi. Tres annos iam a studiis abfueram cum Sanctum Audomarum veneram. ubi tres annos utiliter in studia impendi. 4. In corpore per aliquot annos nullam sensi infirmitatem (Deo gratias) excepto dolore quodam inter oculos et frontem bis in anne oriri soli to hoc tamen anne ita extenuato ut sperem omnino amissum. S. Ad annum: 15m et ultra in haeresi vixi. Prima conversionis N


198

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

occasio fuit cancio cuisdam haeretici contra sacrum illud nomen Tesus: Hinc inquam aversio fuit ab ilia religione quae hoc nomen ita convitiis et vituperiis insectabatur. Descendentem deinde Londino (nam ibi fuit) exceperunt sorores praedictae Catholicae rogaruntque ut tempus (ne inutiliter consumeretur) in lectionem bonorum librorurn impenderem. Lectis igitur Christiano directorio, Testamento Rhemensi et libro quodam Radfordi (ni fallor) de controversiis abunde est mihi satisfactum et resolvi non amplius adire tempI a haereticorum. qua resolutione commotus fuit pater meus sed opera Dominae Brudenall sedatus ille et ego per praedictum Dominum Radfordum sacerdotem in Ecclesiae gremium receptus. Pro fide aut em Catholica nihil sum ab haereticis passus. Quaesivit me avunculus quidam sed qua intentione non ausim asserere. 6. Statutum omnino divina auxiliante gratia vitam agere Ecclesiasticam et quoad hic vixero reglllas mihi praescriptas perfecte observare. THOMAS ROGERIUS SUMMARY

[457J MANLEY Thomas, alias Rogers, probably 19, born at Broughton, Northamptonshire, and educated in letters in various parts of the same county. Son of a schismatic father and a Catholic mother (nee Nichols), both gentry; has 3 brothers, the 2 younger not yet Catholics; has 6 sisters of whom the 2 eldest are Catholics. Studied humanities fruitlessly at Northampton, Broughton and other villages; studied successfully at home, but profitlessly under the same master at Burton; neglected studies for 3 years and then spent 3 profitable years at St. Omers. Has been healthy for some years except for a pain between the eyes and forehead twice a year, which is milder this year and appears to be passing. Lived in heresy until 15 ; was disgusted by a sermon against the name of Jesus in London; on his return home was encouraged by his Catholic sisters to read The Christian Directory and a book of Mr. Radford, priest, about controversies; resolved to avoid heretical churches; after Lady Brudenel had calmed his father, was reconciled by Radford himself. Has not suffered for religion; was sought by an uncle with unknown intent. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [458J [ E ndors ed " 1609 "J 1. Huic respondeo, nomen meum esse Straungum Godfrey, locum nativitatis fuisse in oppido ma[ritiJmo quod vocatur Holme, commitatut Norffolciae, et catholice fuisse educatum. 2. Secundum parentes, nominantur Egidius Godfrey, et Maria Godfrey, ambo fuerunt catholici, et in fide ea defuncti sunt, status quem reliquerunt, valet quadraginta libris anglicanis, conditiones eorum non ignobiles, fratres habeo quinque, et quatuor sorores, cognati ex plurima parte sunt catholici.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

199

3. Ludis literariis operam dedi, progressum feci usque ad Vergilium, locus ubi studui, fuit Alishamiae, in Norffolcia ; 4. Corpore semper valebam, et iam bene dispositum habeo; anima plus olim egrotabamt quam nunc. 5. Nunquam fni haereticus, sed semel schismaticus, et per operam reverendi Patris Roberts qui pro fide sua incarceratur, reconciliatus fui. 6. Bonum habeo desiderium ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam, sed qui9- aliquantulum propriis domesticisque negotiis impedior, aliquid temporis spatium, ad deliberandum, suppliciter oro, interea, dum hic mansero, disciplinam huius Collegii, obedienter observare polliceor. SUMMARY

[458J GODFREY Strang, son of Giles and Mary, born at Holme-nextthe-sea, Norfolk, and brought up a Catholic. Son of noble Catholic parents who died leaving estates worth ÂŁ50; has 5 brothers and 4 sisters; has mostly Catholic kinsfolk. Studied letters at school at Aylsham, Norfolk; progressed up to Virgil. Always healthy. Once a schismatic; was reconciled by an imprisoned priest, Fr. Roberts. Desires to be an ecclesiastic, but is hampered by domestic business and wants time for deliberation. [ Endorsed ÂŤ 1609" .J [459J 1. Vero nomine Ioannes Heathcote appellor annos natus octodecim cum medio, in opidulo quodam Comitatus Derbiensis, Kirkby nominato: in bonarum artium studiis fui nutritus 2. Moriens Pater annos abhinc septemdecim, vel circiter matrem reliquit viduam, et quod ad divitias attinet mediocris (ut coniicio) sortis, ab ipsa enim non sum educatus; sed ab avunculo quodam Haeretico qui nunc obiit. Fratres et sorores non habeo. Avum adhuc habeo superstitem Catholicae Religionis cultorem,: unum praeterea habeo Avunculum Catholicum; duos et amitam unum Haereticos; de caeteris nil scio. 3. Quatuor vel quinque diversa loca duorum annorum spatio studiorum gratia sum expertus, sed parum vel omnino nihil profeci; duobus ann is sequentibus Londini sub Praeceptore Catholico studui, a quo cum discessi facilem aliquem authorem potui intelligere, et aliquo modo Anglicanam sententiam Latine reddere. Inde Audomarum veniens in Seminario septem annis studui Grammaticae, Poesi, Rhetoricae et linguae Graecae; in quibus tanto temporis spatio non potui non magnos progressus facere. Musicae etiam concessum tempus et aliquam recreationis partem insumpsi. 4. Nunc (Deo sint laudes) bona utor valetudine. Puer semel febri correptus fui. quinque vel sex abhinc annis, pustulis laboravi exinde nullus alius morbus, nisi aliquando exiguus aliquis dolor capitis, infestavit.


200

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

5. Usque ad nonum circiter aetatis annum in Haeresi vixi : a qua, authore avunculo felicis memoriae Beato Patre Henrico Garnetto, Ecclesiae gremio sum restitutus. Sed non tam fortunatus fui ut a tam felici viro felicem hunc vivendi statum reciperem ; nec enim tam felix fui ut conspectu vel semel (quod sciam) fruerer. Ad sacerdotern quendam perductus fui in carcerem, qui tamen iam Regem supremum Dei vicarium in terris confessus est iuramento, a quo in numerum filiorum sanctae matris Ecclesiae sum receptus. 6. Propono, cum divina gratia, superiorumque facultate Sacerdos fieri, tt Laus Deo beataeque Mariae Virgini IOANNEs CRIPSIUS. SUMMARY

[459J HEATHCOTE John, alias Cripps, 1St, born at Kirkby, Derbyshire. Lost his father 17 years ago; was brought up not by his fairly poor mother but by a heretical uncle now dead. Has no siblings; has one surviving Catholic grandfather and a Catholic uncle; has 2 heretical uncles and one heretical aunt. Studied without profit in 4 or 5 places in 2 years; studied at London under a Catholic tutor until he could read any easy author and translate English sentences into Latin; studied grammar, poetry, rhetoric, Greek and music in the Seminary at St. Omers, making great progress in a long time. Now healthy; has occasional slight headaches; .caught a fever when a child; suffered pimples 5 or 6 years ago. Lived in heresy until about S; was converted by his uncle Fr. :Henry Garnett whom he never saw; was reconciled by an imprisoned priest, who has now taken an oath that the King is the supreme vicar of God on earth. Desires to be a priest. [460J 1. Adulterinum quidem nomint Walkerus verum autem ac genuinum Bentleus: itaque anno a nativitate Domini millecimot sexcentesimo S, paulo post annum decimum octavum aetatis meae, Romam ut studiis philosophicis ac theologicis incumberem, memet contuli, natus Lincolnii Northamtonii vero in paterna domo educatus: 2. Parentibus Catholicis et generosis ortus sum, fratribus item ac sororibus in Christi Ecclesia militantibus, uno vero aut altero avunculo haeretico. 4. Extiti ab ineunte aetate Catholicus, nihil tamen pro fide perpessus, nisi totius familiae commune malum. 3. Classes humaniores in seminario Anglicano Audomari percurri. 5. Cum per Angliam totam pestis haereseos adeo contagiosa grassetur, pro viribus mihi elaborandum erit, earn, per vitam Ecclesiasticam ac sanctam eruditionem longius amovere, ne ego unus inter tam multos laborantes in Dei vinea, muneri defuisse videar;


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

201

tum demum merito de meipso gloriosius praedicando, si ego inter tot fortiter decertantes, coronam martirii reportare valeam; non tamen ad haec tanta ausim aspirare, ni prius hic remanens solida virtutis iaceamt fundamenta, regulas ac disciplinam collegii diligenter observando, quae omnia in votis habeo ac semper Deo favente habebo. IOANNES BENTLEUS. SUMMARY

[460J BENTLEY John, alias Walker, 18, born at Lincoln and brought up in his father's house at Northampton. Son of Catholic gentry, has Catholic siblings and one or two heretical uncles. Always a Catholic; shared his family's sufferings for the faith. Passed through the classes of humanities at St. Omers; came to Rome in 1608 to study philosophy and theology. Desires to be an ecclesiastic to drive heresy from England and to be a martyr. [461J 1. Ioannes Goode annorum circiter 25. natus in parochia de Greenbrough comitatu Warwicensi literis a primis annis studuit. 2. Parentes Ioannes et Margareta Goode pater agricola qui de propriis terris et bonis vivit haeres natus satis locuples, sed ab avilnculo cui patre mortuo tradebatur haereditate privatus fraudatus. pater Schismaticus, Mater Catholica. fratres duo sorores tres in fide Catholicam propendentes omnes exceptis duabus sororibus. Avunculus Nicolaus Towne Yeoman, et Alii Avunculi Georgius Eales Agricola vel yeoman satis locuples, ambo tamen de fide catholic a sentientes 3. Studui Lemingtoniae Latinis et Graecis cum profectu et progressu bono; ab inde Oxonium missus Logicae ibi philosophiae atque humanitati cum ali quo sed eo non multo profectu et progressu; factus autem ibi in artibus Bacchalareus; Oxonium relinquens iuvenes erudivi, deinde instigante quodam Ministro Minister factus eram, et curam (ut ipsi aiunt) animarum temere suscepi. postremo Sancti Audomari humanitati operam dedi. 4. laesus aliquando capite et pedibus. ordinarium sensi pro tempore dolorem et[?J nuper ex lapsu laesus latere laev[0J aliquem sensi aliquando in itinere molestiam, nullam in toto corpore aut animo. s. Haereticus per 220s annos vel circiter Schismaticus per tres menses vel circiter extiti. modus conversionis iste. uno sabbatorum ita conventum erat ut essem filiae Ministri proli unigenitae desponsandus; in isto mane ita accidit ex divina (uti credidi) providentia, Pater meus (qui pro more adesse debuerat) in morbum nescio quem vehement em subito incidit, ita ut sponsalia in aliud tempus essent necessario deferenda, quo tempore venit ad me Schismaticus quidam Ioannes Whaley qui post concertationem de


202

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

fide catholica misit statim, ut promiserat, librum ilium quem Mr Dorman contra Nowellum inscripserat. quo diligenter lecto haereseos odium concepi, et oravi ut Spiritus Sanctus veram salutis viam praemonstraret, eamque agnitam (relictis filia Ministri et beneficio quem voluit mihi relinquere redditus 50 librarum vel circiter) libentissime ingrederer. multum turbatus in somnis, conclusio autem haec, nulla fides nisi catholic a atque ut me in hanc ecclesiam Catholicam Romanam quam citissime reciperem. somniavi per duas noctes, nulla intercedente, debere me ex peste mori. statim apud me cupivi studiorum gratia e patria proficisci. quod notum feci Militi cuidam Domino Basilio Brooke qui me patri Ioanni Garriot commendavit. et hic (me reconciliatum) in has partes misit, bis conatus irritos feci; deprehensus enim bis et incarceratus, novem menses vel circiter in custodia consumpsi. effugi tandem a custode, et missus a patre Superiori qui nunc est, in Sanctum Audomarum veni. 6. Vitam propono ac desidero Ecclesiasticam, hic studiorum finis. tt IOANNES GOODUS

SUMMARY

[461] GOODE John, c. 25, son of John (schismatic) and Margaret (Catholic), born at Granborrow, Warwickshire. Son of a farmer who lives on his own lands, born a rich heir but defrauded of his inheritance by the uncle who administered it after his father's death. Has 2 brothers and 3 sisters, all except two sisters inclined to Catholicism. Is nephew to Nicholas Towne, yeoman, and to George Eales, rich yeoman, both Catholics. Studied Latin and Greek successfully at Leamington; studied logic, philosophy and humanities with less success at Oxford; B.A. ; taught youths and became a parson, accepting a cure of souls; finally studied humanities at St. Omers. Was once injured in head and feet, felt pain; recently hurt his left side in a fall; felt some discomfort on his journey; is otherwise healthy. Was a heretic for 22 years and a schismatic for 3 months; one sabbath was due to be betrothed to the only daughter of a parson when his father was suddenly taken iliso that the ceremony had to be postponed; meanwhile discussed Catholicism with schismatic John Whalley who lent him Dorman's book against Nowell. Filled with hatred for heresy; prayed for light; left the parson's daughter and the ÂŁ50 benefice offered by her father; twice dreamt of dying from plague; decided to be received into the Church as soon as possible; was recommended by Sir Basil Brooke to Fr. John Gerard; was reconciled by him and advised to go abroad; twice attempted to cross the sea, was twice captured and imprisoned, altogether for 9 months. Finally escaped and reached St. Omers with a recommendation from the present Superior. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

203

[462] 1. Nomen Edwardus Laythwayte; aetatis meae incertus sum, vigessimumt quintum circiter annum (qoadt coniicere possum) agens, in comitatu Lanchastria natus, ibique per sexdecemt plus minus annos chatholicae fide natus, atque educatus. Inde Londinum missus post aliqott menses oportunitatem expectans duacum proficisci, suadente cognato cui curae commissus partim fui, pro more ac tempore potius quam vero foedus londini cum haero sancsivit, et pro more chirographo firmavi: ubi postea per septem circiter annos permansi, tandem tempore non toto finito iubente fratre, invito tamen haero servitium reliqui 2. Parentes Habui Henricum Lathwite, et Ianam Bolton: morte iam defunctos, honesto que familia oriundos: fratres toto numero vivos sex sumus: sorores duae, qorum t frat res 2 0 , soror una religiosam vitam ducunt. Reliqui omnes in quantum scio a nativitate (me tantum excepto) Religionis praecepta ab omni haeresi, et schimatet inviolate tenerunt. Amicorum alii pauci, (mea quidem certa cognitione nulli) Chatholici existunt. Patruus unus Avunculus unus, Avitae tres, ut spero vitam ducunt, sed schismatici omnes. 3. A pueritia ad decimum sextum annum circiter operam literis pro captu mea dabam, qoad t persecutio qaet tunc temp oris nostras partes turbavit, patiebatur, locis paterna domo semper non procul distantibus. qot tempore non alium progressum in literis feci qamt officium Beatae Virgin is posse legere nequidem intelligere. Post octo annis servitio, et alias inutiliter sumptis, duacum veni. qot tempore cum a superiori propter aetatem approbatum, et ius sum habui sintaxi a die cinerum circiter vacationes usque operam dedi, cum prius a nativitate usque ad classis frequentationem privatim domi ad elementa latinae linguae perdiscenda insumpsissem postea integro anna poaesi, insequenti anna Rethoricae. deinde Logicae usque eo iudicavit expediens. superior me Huc mittere. sed an aliquid negligentii mei an aliunde impedimenti obstiterit parum me profecisse mihi saltern constat. 4. Qoadt recordor ab infantia usque ad mensem praeteritum de valitudinet corporis nihil passus fui, neque nunc sentio (deo idcirco gratias refero). de anima cum Haereticus fui per aliqost annos 20s circiter desperatione vel potius infidelitate fui correptus, qat factus catholicus non statim liberatus fui S. frater natu secundus in hispaniis sacerdos ordinatus, post finitum cursum in Angliam remigrans captus in comitatu devon: Exceter in carseremt detentus per aliquod spatium. fuit. et cum ilie mei praesertim aliorum amicorum causa plus fortasse nimis festinabatur. hac occationet praeventus, ut nos adire non potuit: fratrem natu maximum visendi causa ad ilium iter facientem, ut me nomine mitteret exoravit, et haec causa fuit cur haerum t scitiust reliqui. ibi interrogatiunculis paucis et nihil solidi continentis meis abunde satisfecit, et demisit. Postea vero mense uno vel altere


204

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

ellapsot utquumque libertatem adeptus me in Catholicae Ecclesiae ritum reduxit, recoliavitt, et absolvit. Cum nunc Ecclesias Haereticas per septem annos frequentassem, primo suasu aliorum et metu haerit, ut me aliorum obliquiat opprimerem: postea sponte cogente nullo et cum approbatione. 6. De alio neque cogito, net aliud intendo qamt vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam tt Ita rem se habere testor Ego EDwARDUS KENSINGTONUS Alias LAYTHWAITUS SUMMARY [462] LAYTHWAITE Edward, alias Kensington, c. 24, son of Henry and Jane Bolton, born in Lancashire and brought up there a Catholic for about 16 years; was sent to London; while waiting months for a chance of crossing to Douai was persuaded by the cousin who had charge of him to bind himself to a master, whom he served for 7 years and then left before his time had expired. Son of respectable parents now dead; has 5 surviving brothers (2 religious) and 2 sisters (1 religious); all Catholics throughout life, unlike the majority of the family. Has one uncle on each side, and 3 aunts, all schismatics. Studied letters near his father's house until 15, as far as persecution permitted; progressed only so far as to be able to read, but not understand, the Office of our Lady; after 7 years as an apprentice went to Douai, studied Latin elements privately from Christmas until Ash Wednesday; joined the class of Syntax until the vacation; studied poetry one year, rhetoric one year, and logic until sent hither; made little progress. Healthy from infancy until a month ago; now healthy again. While a heretic spent 2 years in despair and infidelity, which lasted after his conversion. Was converted by his second eldest brother who, ordained priest in Spain, hastened home to visit him on his return to England and was captured in Devon and imprisoned at Exeter. Leaving his master to answer an appeal by this brother (passed on by the eldest brother who had visited him), he talked with him until his difficulties were solved, and was reconciled by him on his release 2 months later, having frequented heretical churches for 7 years, at first through fear of his master and later voluntarily. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [463] 1. Ego Richardus Lynly vere nominatus Horner, filius Thomae Horner de Warrington in Comitatu Lancastriae, generosi, omnibus fidem facio me natum fuisse Knarsburyensi in Comitatu Eboraci, exinde autem in infantia translatus, ad praedictam Warrington praedicti comentatust Lancastriae, ibique educatus eram usque ad decimum septimum annum aetatis meae, deinde a parentibus ad Oxoniam missus ad literis profisciendum t, ubi per annum unum


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

205

novemque menses vel circiter, vixi, nihil vel parum (si sincere dicam) ex studiis utilitatis capescens: his factis deum pro testimonio adhibeo, (causis quibusdam urgentibus quas ex catholic a fide tunc temporis ponderabam) mecum constitui praedictam academiam relinquere, et deo, mari, et ventis totas fortunas meas comittere, locum aliquem extraneum quereret ubi salva conscientia vita quieta paceque fruar: dum his animi angoribus versabar, occurrunt mihi duo haeretici, Collegii aenei nasi, (quo, eodem tempore vixi) nomine Iohannes Pickeringe, et Thomas Peacock, qui mihi narrabant se intellexisse patrem meum (ut ignominiose vocabant) Papistam esse, quodque ego eiusdem religionis, fautor eram superstitiosus, quodque unum in me notassent, quod per spatium duo rum fere annorum nunquam communicassem vel pi as eorum conciones (ut Pseudo titulo vocabant) frequentassem. Petebant ergo a me ut cum illis comunicarem, quibus respondebam quod non communicarem, non si a collegio me expellerent, his quibus auditis consilium ineunt, ut a collegio me demittant, ita igitur ab illis constitutum erat, ut a collegio expellar; his autem mihi notis mecum statim existimavi, infamiam istam expulsionis evitare, sicque nomen meum illico ex Catalogo collegiano abstersi; rebusque meis paratis ad Cantabrigiam me contuli, ubi admissus eram in Collegium Divi Iohannis Evangilistae; ibique unum annum septem menses vel paulo minus ut prius nugose consumpsi, donee per inexpectatam dei gratiam et bonum medium occurrens ad meipsum revertebam et ad chatholicam fidem reconciliatus eram: postquam ergo huiusmodi deus mihi fautor fuisset, in patriam meam (mortuo iam patre) proficiscor, ubi Sacerdotum, Catholicorum aliorumque bonorum, familiaritatem et notitiam renovavi quorum ope et comendatione ad Duacum veni, et hue tandem (deo optimo iuvante) in vicessimo primo anne aetatis iter faustum profeci, 2. Pater meus filius erat Thomae Horner, Londini civis et mercatoris, filii (ut audivi patrem dicentem) cuiusdam Richardi Horner armigeri de Somersetshire, (locum vero certam nativitatis memoria non teneo,) Hic avus meus patrem meum ad annum undecimum provectum ad Parisios misit ad negociit cultum capiendum, ubi per dei graciamt cooperantem in rudimentis Catholicae religionis confirmatus erat quamquam in fine vitae per nimio timore aliquando in ecc1esia aliquando extra ecc1esiam fuit. Causa quia Londini natus et vixit in comitatu Lancastriae, erat, quia Ava mea nata erat prope istis partibus qua ratione pater meus aliquam parvam habebat mansionem, filia fuit Thomae Brooke de Lighton in comitatu Cestriae armigeri cuius omnes successores (uno tantum excepto armigero qui vocatur Starky de Darly in Comitatu Cestriae) patemique consanguinei haerese laborant. unum fratrem sororemque pusillae tantum aetatis habeo. haecque de parentibus sufficiant. 3. Pro valitudinet (deo optimo maximo que graciast ago) ego a cunabulis non aliquem dolorem sive egritudinem t sensi. hoc tantum excepto ut nimis quondam solitus aquas inire, propter[?]


206

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

magnum frigus quod inde capiebam, quandam tumescentiam in inferiori parte ventris habebam quae cuiusdam medici consilio cito depressa fuit, cingendo me balthaeo quodam pro tali proposito facto, ita ut per hos duos fere annos non aliquos omnino sensi dolores. 4. Quatenus ad fidem et vocationem attinet, coram omnibus obtestor me totam fere per vitam vel catholicum vel schismaticum vixisse, hoc tantum excepto, quod semel per quorundam amicorum persuasiones fere perversus eram et mercede ductus, parvam schedulam scripsi me penitus (quod absit) renuere chatholicam religionem pro reconciliatione satis supra dictum est. 5. Pro proposito intentioneque fidel iter promitto, me nullum aliud magis habere desiderium, quam ad vitam ecclesiastic am agendam,tt RICHARDUS LYLNY alias HORNER. SUMMARY ,[463J HORNER Richard, alias Lynly, 20, son of Thomas, gent., of Warrington, Lancashire; born at Knaresborough, Yorkshire; was taken to Warrington as an infant and educated there until 17 ; studied fruitlessly at Brasenose College, Oxford, for' 1! years; became interested in Catholic doctrine, and thought of leaving the University to seek peace oversea; was denounced as a hereditary papist by two heretics of his College, John Pickering and Thomas Peacock, who had noticed that he never communicated or attended sermons; removed his own name from the College register before they could have him expelled; joined St. John's College, Cambridge, and trifled there for 19 months; repented and was reconciled to Catholicism; returned home after his father's death, and kept company with Catholics and priests; went to Douai on their recommendation. (His father, the son of Thomas Horner, merchant, of London, and grandson of Richard Homer, Esq. of Somerset, was sent by his father to learn business at Paris when 10, and was there confirmed in the rudiments of the Catholic religion; in old age he vacillated out of cowardice. He lived in Lancashire because his mother, the daughter of Thomas Brooke, Esq. of Leighton, Cheshire, had been born near there and he had a small mansion there. All Thomas Brooke's successors, except Starky, Esq. of Darly, Cheshire, are heretics.) Healthy, except that he once had a swelling in the lower part of his belly, caused by excessive bathing in cold water, which soon disappeared when his doctor advised him to wear a belt ; has felt no pain for 2 years. Always a Catholic or schismatic; but was once persuaded, or bribed, to write a paper renouncing Ca tholicism. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [464J Anno Domini 1608: Die mensis Maii: 7°: 1. Iacobus Rosier: annos natus circiter triginta duos: natus in villa vocata Winson iuxta Gippiwicum in Suffolica: orbatus patre


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

207

educatus erat a Roberto Wolfrestono arrnigero cognato matris suae in Gippiwico, et post aliquot annos in aedibus et cum filiis Domini Philippi Parker militis, semper incumbens litteris, donec inde Cantabrigiam petiit: et in Aula Penbrochiam processit Magister in artibus. Academiam relinquens, multos annos habitavit cum Domino Philippo Woodehouso milite in Comitatu Norff: ubi (Dei gratia) Catholicus factus Londinum petiit, ubi moratus sub Magistro Thoma Sackvillo Nobili infra duos annos Romam profectus est. 2. Pater fuit Minister vel Parsonus Suff: Mater generosa Norff : fratres habuit duos, nunc nullos, nec sorores habet habuit ullas, Cognatos affines multos haereticos, nullos quos novit Catholicos praeter unicam cognatam habet. 3. Operam dedit Philosophiae &c: et Theologiae. 4. Bona valetudine plerumque usus est, nullo (quem novit) morbo laborat, laboravit. 5. Haereticus diu, opera et colloquiis Eduardi Yelvertoni arrnigeri, Domini Thomae Woodehowsi militis et Dominae illius matris praecipue vero assidua lectione Novi Testamenti Rhemensis Resolutionis Reverendi Patris Personii: Enchyridii Patris Costeri, Catholicam amplexus est fidem, circa annum milessimumt sexentesimum t secundum. 6. Ecclesiasticam vitam multum desiderat, utpote quae proxime accedit ad Deum, et ad eius honorem maxime spectat. Collegii disciplina pia, prudens, et relligiosa videtur, cognoscit se yelle, sperat posse, promittit se niti observare Dei gratia confisus, qui ut dedit velIe, dabit et perficere. IACOBUS ROSIER SUMMARY [464J ROSIER James, c. 32, born at Winston near Ipswich in Suffolk; having lost his father was brought up by Robert Wolfrestone, Esq., a kinsman of his mother's, at Ipswich; some years later was taken into the house of Sir Philip Parker and brought up with his children; went to Pembroke College, Cambridge; M.A.; lived for many years with Sir Philip Woodhouse in Norfolk; on becoming a Catholic went to London and lived with the noble Thomas Sackville; set out for Rome within two months. Son of a parson and a Norfolk gentlewoman; had 2 brothers, both dead, and no sisters; has many heretical kinsfolk, and one Catholic female cousin. Studied philosophy and theology. Healthy. Was long a heretic, was converted about 1602bythe conversation of Edward Yelverton, Esq., Sir Thomas Woodhouse, and his mother, and by reading the Rheims New Testament, the Resolution of Fr. Persons, and the Enchiridion of Fr. Coster. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 7 May 1608. [465J 1. Vero nomine et paterno appellor Wolf, annos natus 24 proximis natalitiis. patria Eboracensis, in quodam oppido Scar-


208

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

borough dicto praedicti Comitatus. ibi vero loci solummodo ad 10m aetatis annum aut circiter educatus, postea a quodam avunculo qui in Comitatu Oxon habitabat eodem mea nomine, susceptus, eius impensis litteris incumbebam. 2. Parentem habeo utrunque (quantum scio) adhuc superstitem, patrem satis obscuri generis et loci vitae officio Coriarium: matrem vero genere non itaignobili, divina tamen providentia, pene extirpato, cuius tamen nomen usurpo quasi minus noto, partim ut parcerem nomini avunculi mei a quo huc veniens discessi, partim quod quorundam istius nominis vestigiis insistere magis desiderem. frat rem unicum habeo, sorores vero plures, cognatos nomine tenus quos novi, hereticos plane omnes vel schismaticos. excepto unico quem dixi avunculo Catholico, curiae Chanceriae clerico, industria suo loco et fortuna sa tis honesta. 3. primo litteris rudioribus apud avunculum meum ruri interfui deinde Oxoniam profectus etiam Dialecticae studui: post sexdecem demum terminos presentatus eram primo Bacchalaureus, eo insuper Consilio ut sequenti Quadragesima secunda praesentarer, et debitis pro Bacchalaureum officiis fungerer. discedens vero exinde paulisper mel ius quorundam consiliis acquiescebam; qui pecunias, quas officiis praedictis absolvendis eram proiecturus, commodius, suscepto in partes transmarinas itineri insumendas persuadebat eo usque tantum pro gradu illo sum progressus. 4. usus sum valitudinet pene semper integra, neque unquam me egrotasset memini nisi causa aliqua violenta, ut ex nimia fructuum comestione vel eiusmodi. vel quod nimio aliquando humore obruor. S. fui aliquando puer, admodum existens fabulis seductus nescio quibus martirum scilicet Foxinorum, plane hereticus, quo tempore avunculus pene solus de familia sua, schismaticus fuit, sed cum inter catholicos diutius versarer, non ita diu animo mea falsa ista opinio residebat, saltern aliquid catholici eorum convictu et consuetudine imbibebam, postea vero Oxoniam me conferens studendi causa, ibique clericorum nostrorum mores et vivendi rationes, penitus introspiciens et agnoscens, tum demum opinione mea, de re catholica mirabiliter eram confirmatus, adeo ut brevi iam nihil aliud superesset, quo minus catholicus esse veil em, nisi ut nequam esse desisterem; quod ut facerem, illud demum multifariam (quoniam hic longum esset recensere) divina miserecordiat et providentia effectum est. primum confessarium (et cui primo consilia mea impertiebar virum habui Reverendum dominum Morylum[?] alias Dowltonum secularem sacerdotem Societati tamen deditissimum. illius postea subsidio usus et consilio sequutus sum tanquam servus ips ius Dominum Wyndsorum equitem exulantem Anglia : qui cum ad Sanctum Audomarum divertisset, et me patribus commendasset, Tandem a Reverendo Patre Tomsono, qui amicos meos in Anglia novisset, et causam meam intellexisset, omni charitate sum acceptus, neque ita diu post in collegium admissus.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

209

6. Maiora desidero quam propono, quod si desideria mea fecundet Deus, propono et statuo paratissimum me fore in hiist omnibus maiori Dei gloriae et superiorum expectatione inservire. Per me GULIELMUM LACIUM. SUMMARY [465J WOLF William, alias Lacey, 24 next Christmas, born at Scarborough and educated there until 10, then went to an uncle of the same name in Oxfordshire and was taught letters at his expense. Son of an obscure tanner and a mother of extinct nobility, whose name he uses because less known, so as to spare his uncle whom he left to come here, and because he wishes to follow its lustre; has one brother and many sisters; has mainly heretical and schismatic kinsfolk, except for the Catholic uncle already mentioned, an honest and industrious clerk of the Chancery Court. Studied dialectic at Oxford; proceeded Bachelor after 16 terms and was intending to complete his examinations in the following Lent, but was persuaded instead to spend his money in crossing oversea. Was never ill except through eating too much fruit or through excessive damp. As a boy was led astray by Foxe's fables; was a heretic while his uncle was the only schismatic in the family; was influenced by mixing with Catholics and observing the behaviour of Anglican clergy at Oxford; was reconciled by Mr. Moryl or Dowlton, a secular priest very devoted to the Society. On his advice went abroad as servant to Sir [WilliamJ Windsor and was recommended by the latter to the Jesuits at St. Omers; was warmly welcomed by Fr. Tompson, who knew his friends in England, and was received into the College. Desires more than he intends; hopes that God will render fruitful his desires. Octobris 30 Anno Domini 1608. [466J 1. Nomen mihi verum est Gulihelmus Williamson; patri Thomas, Matri Brigetta: annum iam complevi trigessimum t primum, die festi Sancti Michaelis ultimo elapso: N atus fui in Commitatut Northampton: Educatus in scholis vulgaribus usque ad annum decimum septimum vel octavum. deinde in universitate Oxoniae studui per annos septem et ultra. viro cuidam nobilissimo interfui per annos tres, reliquum tempus domi, et cum patribus Societatis impendi. 2. Redditus nullos habeo praeterquam qui sunt in iure et voluntate parentum, quos inter medias sortes libenter colloco expendentes redditus annales 280 librarum. fratres habeo, Edmundum, et Thomam schismaticos, qui mihi annis praeeunt, Georgium Catholicurn, et Robertum schismaticum natu iuniores: Sorores Brigittam catholicam, viduam Petri Pooli, Hellenam catholicam uxorem Iohannis Weedon generosi, Alliciam Schismaticam uxorem Guilelmi Whelpdale generosi; Catharinam, Ianam, Iodoicem Catholicas.


210

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

3. Operam navavi Rethoricae, dialecticae et philosophiae in universitate Oxoniae. 4. Valetudine sum semper prospera (Deo gratias) fretus 5. Schismaticus diu fui, et desiderio saepe desideravi fieri catholicum, obstabant parentes, et frater meus Nicholaus, qui morte occumbens me statim Londinum contuli ibique Catholicus sum factus anno (ni fallor) 1598. 6. Semper fere ab anno aetatis meae duodecimo in votis habui vitam agere ecclesiasticam, et nunc earn desidero quasi Deo gratissimam et animae meae saluti utilissimam et Collegii disciplinam undique pro virili meo observabo. per me GULIELMUM WILLIAMSON. SUMMARY [466J WILLIAMSON William, 31 last Michaelmas, son of Thomas and Bridget, born in Northamptonshire; educated in common schools until 16 or 17; studied over 7 years at Oxford; lived for 3 years with a nobleman and for the rest of his life at home or with the Jesuits. Has no revenues except what he is given by his parents, who are middle class and have ÂŁ380 a year to spend. Has 2 elder brothers (Edmund and Thomas, schismatics) and 2 younger brothers (George, Catholic, and Robert, schismatic) ; has 6 sisters (Bridget, a Catholic, the widow of Peter Poole; Helen, Catholic, the wife of John Weedon, gent.; Alice, schismatic, the wife of William Whelpdale, gent.; Catherine, Jane and Joyce, Catholics). Studied rhetoric, dialectic and philosophy at Oxford. Always healthy. Was long a schismatic; desired to be a Catholic but was obstructed by his parents and his brother Nicholas, on whose death he went to London and was reconciled c. 1598. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic since 11. [467J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[468J

[No Responsa extantJ

[469J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[470J 1. Proprio meo nomine, appellor H umfredus, cognomine Leecheus, aetatis annum iam ago trigesimum octavum, nativitatis locus dicitur Dratonia in Hales in Comitatu Sallopiensi, educatio libera, et scholastica. 2. fateor, me non illustri aliqua prognatum pros apia, honesto interim loco, genereque natus sum. Parentes inter plebeios fateor etiam, tamen optimae in eo quo vixerunt loco, conditionis et fortunae extiterunt. oleum et operam quam potuerunt, impenderunt omnem, ut liberos suos omnes honeste, et in timore dei aeducarentt, sed immatura morte a vivis excesserunt. frat res superstites (uno


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

211

natuque maximo in bello defuncto habeo tres, Edwardum, Richardurn, Thomam, sorores duas, (totidemque defunctas) consanguineos et affines permultos, Hereticis potius credentes, quam Hereticos. 3. operam literis in utraque Angliae nostrae Academia praecipue Oxoniensi navabam, sed immatura morte Parentum charissimorum a studiis Academicis avocatus, eram postquam Bacchalaureatus gradum in Cantabrigia suscepissem. hinc interceptus erat omnis in artibus, et humanioribus literis progressus, etsi Tutoris pessimi incuria, ne ipsam dialecticam multo minus reliquas artes primis degustas~em labris animum tunc tempods doctrinae sitibundum, variisque perturbationibus molestiisque ea de causa excruciatum, subiit cogitatio traiiciendi in partes transmarinas; instabant mihi immo pene persuaserunt nobilissimus, (sed perditissimi Heretici Doctoris Bulkeley) frater natu maximus Rolandus Bulckley Catholic us, una cum doctore Bishop, et patre sanctissimae societatis alio. hi inquam mihi pene persuasissent ut Catholicus fierem, et traiicerem studendi causa. sed evanuit cogitatio haec et persuasio, quoniam tunc temporis non omnino persuasus eram, de veritate Romanae et Catholicae Religionis, verabarque ne animae propriae iacturam facerem, dum literis humanioribus nimium inhiando, erroneam et superstitiosam religion em inter amplexus et oscula retinerem. sed suspicionem meam ex ignorantia ortam condonabit deus. perm ansi igitur in statu priori, et proprio marte fretus, horas multas cum fructu perexiguo vel potius nullo consumpsi. tandem ad magisterii gradum post tres annos alios, sed sine artibus aspirabam. praesumptio haec mea. a studio literarum et artium humaniorum accessi theologiam in qua progressum meliorem quam in caeteris me fecisse existimo. Haecque de literarum progressu. 4. Optima sum corporis et constitutione et valetudine (faxit deus ut debitas illi gratias ob tale beneficium rependam) nullis obnoxius sum infirmitatibus nullis perstringor difficultatibus. animus autem licet non potest non quando que turbari et excruciari peccatorum preteritorum recordatione tamen optime ad studendum dispositus est. 5. fateor me hereticum, et cum id sit peccare fateor etiam extitisse schismaticum; primo ex ignorantia (deum testor immortalem) posterius ex scientia provenit, sed conscientia fidei lumine Ecclesiae canone spirituque dei principaliter ducta mota et exagitata me a crassissimis hereseos schismatisque tenebris revocavit Catholicumque constituit. Hereticus dum extiti quasdam pro more calviniano conciones, sine sale, sine sole, sine succo, sine sanguine, compositas habui, scripturamque sacram non tam exponebam, quam temerario precipitique spiritus tunc temp oris privati impetu presumptioneque audacter pervertebam, sed misericordiam adeptus fui quia ignoranter feci, ut verbis utar Apostoli. Post annum igitur unum vel alterum, in vetustissimum quendam authorem, vincentium in quam lyrinensem incidi. aureus sane libellus hic, et si quis alius inter Patres, non immerito ille Hereticorum malleus nuncupari potest. lib rum hunc a


212

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

capite ad calcem iterum iterumque perlegi, exinde factus schismaticus. Patrum vestigiis per omnia insistebam, eorumque provinciam patrociniumque contra caninos hereticorum latratus in me suscepi propugnandam, dumque mordicus Patrum adherebam lectionibus, et infelicissimas huius senescentis mundi saeculi controversias, ad patrum examen tan quam ad lydium lapidem revocabam, in pontificias quasdam (uti calumniabantur adversarii) me vel nesciente vel non animadvertente incidi. hinc prima mihi Anglicanae religionis orta suspicio, nam postquam compererunt,l indignissime tulerunt. rebus sic stantibus coram summo Academiae tribunali, accessi quosdam e familiaribus meis totius Academiae doctissimos viros, quos que maxime noveram orthodoxos, nominatim vero, doctorem Lillium, Dominum Williams, praelectorem publicum, Dominum Kilbeum, Dominum Hensonum, Dominum Buckeridge, omnes collegiorum prepositos. rem totam iliis aperui, querelam de iniuria mihi et patribus universis oblata edidi, consilium auxiliumque illorum petii. consentiebant doctrinae omnes (tanto enim Patrum consensui ut optime noveram contradicere ne auderent) sed intempestivam dixerunt doctrinam, cumque temporibus minime quadrantem, ideoque ne manum ad vindicandam veritatem admoverent. Quae cum ita se haberent in Oxonia, a vicecancellario ad Cancellarium, ab inferiori magistratu Ecclesiastico, ad summum Angliae primatum rem detuli, ut finalem sententiam euis et decisionem intelligerem, exposui illi omnia ordine suo, videlicet doctrinam, quam predicaveram, iniuriam quam sustinueram, opem auxiliumque eius ut mihi et Patribus iniustitia oppressis succurreret petii, idque duabus de causis, primum quod esset honoratissimus noster Cancellarius, 2 quod totius Regni metropolitanus extiterat Responsum quod ab illo tunc temporis accepi, vel nullum, prorsus, vel nihil ad propositum, I uratus enim in verba Calvini, a partibus stabat vicecancellarii sui, causam eius et dignitatem, una cum summa hominis et eruditione et pietate egit: praeterea textum illum mathei 19 de Paupertatis consilio vade vende &c pervertebat, idque contra Evangelica consilia. Adolescentulum qui venerat ad Christum tanquam hipocritam arguebat. summa hereticae illius ex magistro Calvino expositionis haec erato Christus (inquit) fucum et fraudem intrinsecus in adolescentulo delitescentem detegit, non consilium aliquod perfectionis ab illo suscipiendum proponit. huic expositioni et sententiae verbo uno vel altero interposito occurrebam ex Sancto marco Evangelista Christus intuitus dilexit eum ergo 110n erat hypocrita deinde appellabam ad patres omnes ilium textum aliter exponentes mecumque consentientes provinciam igitur priorem in me suscepineclatum utaiunt unguem a Patribus discederem Patrum testimonia in medium produxi quae scriptis commendata una cum con cion is prototypo illi obtuli concionem meam accepit Patres ferre nollet huic mihi primum suspicio orta illum nolle suppetias aliquas 1

At this point there appears to be something (a page ?) missing in t he MS.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

213

veritati ferre nec vindicare oppressam interim tamen per septimanam unam vel alteram expectabam finalem eius determinationem et quid de causa nostra futurum foret conveni ilium saepissime et allocutus fui sed quo tenderet sententia eius finalis nullo modo intelligere potuissem quo perspecto Archiepiscopum per alios quatuordecem dies interpellare destiti nec presentiam meam ut an tea ilii exhibui. Absentia mea comperta et suspecta misit ad me Archiepiscopus duos capellanorum domesticorum qui honestissimas conditiones mihi obtulerun,t videlicet reconciliationem cum Doct.ore King restitutionem in locum priorem et statum una cum favore domini sui modo iam desisterem doctrinarnque priorem ulterius non urgerem oblatas has conditiones recusabam omnes veritatem enim conniventia aliqua nostra pessima prodere nollem petii tantum ab iliis ut cum essent e familia Archiepiscopi et a consiliis iliius secretioribus consulerent illi vel si hoc non auderent exorarent saltern ut dignitati Academiae cuius esset cancellarius reverentiaeque tot Patribus debitae pro loco statuque suo maxime prospiceret presertim in re tam publica tamque aperta nam si doctrina haec conniventia domini vestri preiuditium t huiusmodi ferre debeat in posterum de Patribus in Academia actum est quis enim vel leg ere vel fidem illis adhibere curabit si patres ad unum omnes reiiciendi. Accepto responso cognitaque resolutione exorabant tandem ut ad dominum suum cum iliis redirem quod quidem pro tempore excusabam sed suspitiot quae iam mihi inciderat alias avocabat traiiciendique maria intra biduum opportunitas optima mihi per unum aliquern Patrum parata instabat. Et iam iustissima mihi confugiendi ad deum et conscientiam pro priam oblata videbatur occasio pro temp oris igitur quibus iam coarctabar angustiis ratione collegi me postquam multas orationes lachrimas et suspiria (quae peccatorum praeteritorum recordatio ab intimis animi mei visceribus ut verbis hieronimianis eliciebat) anima mea mirum in modum intrinsecus turbata vel potius spiritus dei internis caelitusque iliapsis inspirationibus animam meam sic allocutus est exito exito a babilonica ista Heretica Anglicana congregatione quoties te vocavero, quoties te vocavi in Dratonia in Sallopia et iam tandem in Oxonia inspirationibus meis intemis et renuisti persecutionibus externis concitandis et noluisti monitis aliorum sacerdoturn meorum salutiferis et excusasti. hactenus te nolentem renuentem excusantern sustinui ulterius non sustinebo arripe arripe inquam occasionem presentem ultima haec tua vocatio haec ad Ecc1esiam si obtemperaveris salvus eris sin minus in aeternum peribis 0 tremenda districtio rationibus ad persuadendum non opus est multis perpaucas tamen accipe 1. An ista potest esse Ecc1esia Christi quae Ecc1esiae firmamenta et fundamenta patres inquam Ecc1esiae amicos patronosque reiicit. minime 2. an illi possint esse Ecc1esia Christi quae Ecc1esiae et veritati sun t hostes infestissimi minime o


214

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

3. An ita potest esse sponsa Christi ubi secreti veritatis amici non audent pro temp oris inquitate pro dire in publicum ad vindicandam veritatem oppressam et sub pedibus iniquissimorum conculcatam sed contra scientiam contraque conscientiam prodi turpissime sinunt minime. non sic fecerunt patres non sic Athanasiuc; 4. An ista potest esse Eccles a Christi quae nec normam fidei habet ullam nec certam scripturas interpretandi regulam aliquam sed unusquisque privatus spiritus tremendum illud spritus sancti numen horribili blasphemia mentitur dum spiritum dei arrogant minime S. An ista potest esse Ecclesia Christi quae hereticorum omnium vestigiis insist it quae Hereses veteres pene omnes ab inferis revocant profanaque manu ventilant minime 6. An ista potest esse Ecclesia Christi quae canonem fidei praeter illum hereticorum omnium communem Arii Pelagii N estorii &c literam videlicet scripturae et spiritum privatum habeat nullum ? minime 7. An ista potest esse Ecclesia Christi quae triticeam illam et salutiferam consiliorum Evangelicorum doctrinam (quae ad omnem et viae et patriae perfectionem acquirendam tendit et cui omnis in Ecclesia dei Religiosorum ordo innititur) ferre nequit? minime 8. An illa pot est esse Ecclesia dei quae etiam hac in re heresim lovinianam recipit orthodoxamque consiliorum doctrinam reiicit. minime. hisce et infinitis huiusmodi rationibus (quas mihi suggerebat spiritus sanctus) adductus eram ut omni posthabita mora quae in aetema animae salute periculosissima est reciperem me intra Ecclesiae gremium sinumque, et quis ego ut divinis resisterem monitis consului igitur societatis sanctissimae doctissimum gravissimumque virum quendam dictum Pat rem Rich qui me misit ad Patres Audomaropoli ibique post presti tum spirituale exercitium receptus fui in Ecclesiam per Patrem Lloyd pium et doctum virum. haecque de quinto articulo sequitur ultimum. 6. quod ad ultimum articulum attinet polliceor idque in verbo Catholici fidelissime promitto me omnia Collegii huius statuta leges consuetudines superiorumque omnium mandata placitaque religiosissime observaturum sicut me deus adiuvet sanctaque Ecclesiae quam profiteor Catholicae fides. lam quod ad vitam Ecclesiasticam subeundam spectat deum testor immortalem conscientiamque propriam nihil magis in votis esse quam ad hunc sanctissmum presbiteratus gradum ordinemque promo veri cum deo optimo maximo et superioribus meis bene visum fuerit ut Patriae meae in utramque iam aurem dormitanti pessimo haereseos veneno infecto et intoxicatae succurram. Postremo ut omne animi mei consilium patefaciam expediamque verbo ut aiunt uno hoc unicum significandum esse existimo viz. Cum penitiust bonitatem dei et vocationis meae modum introspiciam non possum non me meaque omnia in sanctissimam eius resignare


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

215

voluntatem nam ut melliflui sanctissimique Divi Bernardi verbis utar si totum debeo pro me facto quid igitur pro me refecto quid pro me sic vocato cum nec creatio nec redemptio profuisset sine vocatione in priori creationis scilicet opere me mihi dedit in posteriori se mihi sed in vocatione utrumque coniunxit et me sibi et se mihi dedit reddiditque datus ergo redditusque immo datus redditus et vocatus totum me debeo et bis immo ter me debeo sed quid debeo domino pro se dato pro me vocato nam etsi me millies rependere possum quid sum ego ad dominum meum huius tam aureae sentehtiae consideratio intimas animae meae penetravit medullas inflammavitque tandemque coegit ut novae vitae capescendae rationem ineam Consilia Evangelica ore tenus verbisque asserui sed non successit doctrina non recipiebatur experiar igitur in posterum deo volente an corde factisque exprimere possim nam licet apud Hereticos Consiliorum doctrinam docere non licet tamen apud Orthodoxos Catholicos exercere licet sed de hac re plura in tempore locoque suo debito. finis 1609 SUMMARY

[470J LEECH Humphrey, 37, born at Market Drayton, Shropshire, and educated liberally; son of plebeian but honourable and fortunate parents, who strove to educate their children well in the fear of God, but who died early. Has lost his eldest brother in war; has 3 surviving brothers, Edward, Richard and Thomas; has 2 surviving sisters; had 2 others who died; has many kinsfolk, followers of heretics rather than heretics. Studied letters at Cambridge and Oxford; obtained B.A. at Cambridge though he had hardly touche~ dialectic, owing to his tutor's negligence; was called away from his studies by his ' parents' death; was almost persuaded by Roland Bulkeley (Catholic brother of heretical Dr. Bulkeley) and Dr. Bishop and a Jesuit to become a Catholic and cross the sea to study; abandoned this idea because not yet convinced of Catholicism; was afraid that he 'might be embracing superstition for the sake of humane studies. Studied fruitlessly alone; after 3 years aspired to a master's degree, but without arts; took up theology and made better progress. Healthy. Was once a heretic and schismatic, at first from ignorance, later from study; wrote Calvinist sermons and made presumptuous expositions of the Scriptures; came upon the works of Vincent of Lerins, the hammer of the heretics, who converted him to schism; became a great reader and admirer of the Fathers; used them as a test of modern controversies. .. Asked help from some of the most learned and orthodox men in the University; Dr. Lilly, Mr. Williams (public lecturer), Mr. Kilbey, Mr. Henson, Mr. Buckeridge, all Heads of Houses; told them that an injury had been done to himself and to the Fathers; secured their agreement to his doctrine but was told that it was unseasonable. Appealed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Chancellor of


216

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

the University; told him of the doctrine he had preached and the injury he had received, secured no satisfaction from this Calvinist prelate, who defended the Vice-Chancellor and gave a tendentious Calvinist in terpretation of the text of Mt. 19 about poverty; gave him a copy of the sermon, which was accepted, and a set of citations from the Fathers, which he refused. Had to wait several weeks for the Archbishop's decision; at first called on him repeatedly, but later aroused suspicion by failing to call for 14 days; was visited by two of the Archbishop's domestic chaplains, who offered to reconcile him to Dr. King and restore him to his former place and favour if he would cease to urge his doctrine; refused these conditions and sent a challenging reply to the Archbishop. Was offered by a Jesuit a chance of crossing the sea within two days; heard the spirit of God saying within him: "Leave this Babylonish Anglican congregation, from which I called you so often in Drayton and now in Oxford" ; was convinced by the Spirit that a Church which rejected the Fathers, which was inimical to the truth, where the friends of truth dared not come forth like Athanasius, where there was no norm of faith nor certain rule of interpreting the Scriptures, where all the old heresies were revived, where there was no canon of faith except Scripture and a private spirit such as Arius, Pelagius and Nestorius claimed, and where J ovinianism was accepted, could not be the true Church. Consulted Fr. Rich, S.J. who sent him to St. Omers where after spiritual exercises he was received into the Church by Fr. Floyd. Desires to be a priest and to keep the evangelical counsels. Quotes St. Bernard. 1609. [471J 1. verum nomen meum est Iohannes Capseus nomina parentum Iacobus et Maria : locus nativitatis milvertonia educationis vero Wivilscombia ibique vixerim[?J 2. Parentes et praecipui amici sunt neque nobiles neque plebeii vel mediae sortis sed generosi bonis prognati parentibus quorum alii divites alii pauperes habeo fratres sorores et Consanguineos et haereticos et Catholicos. 3. Studia quibus operam dedi hactenus fuere pauca aliquos tamen authores et poetas in libera Tauntoniae schola perlegerim ex quibus aliquid progressus mihi attulerim. 4. Valetudinem tam corporis quam animae habeo, tandemque posthac deo iuvante me habiturum spero. 5. De vocatione, id est utrum haereticus vel schismaticus. fateor me aliquando haereticum extitisse, quinque vero annis praeteritis divina gratia et opera Sacerdotis alic?iuS prae?tantissimi factus Catholicus: tempore vero quo Catholicus fuenm perturbationes quasdam et molestias pertulerim. Egressus ex Anglia venetias per mare navigatione fuerit, deinde Romam per terram iter fecerim.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

217

6. Propositum et desiderium quod ad vitam ecclesiasticam attinet agendam deo opitulante me non solum promptum reperio observare: verum etiam disciplinam Collegii quamdiu hic mansero retinere spero. l SUMMARY

[471J CAPES John, son of James and Mary, born at Milverton, brought up at Wiveliscombe. Son of gentry of good family; has brothers and sisters and kinsfolk, some rich some poor, some Catholic some heretical. Studied authors and poets in the free school at Taunton with some progress. Healthy. A heretic until 5 years ago when he was converted by an excellent priest; suffered some inconvenience at the time. Sailed from England to Venice and journeyed thence to Rome overland. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [ Endorsed "1600". J

[472J Nomen. Georgius Mainwaringus, aetatis 19 plus minus, natus in Comitatu Lankastrensi educatus ut plurimum procul a paternis aedibus modo cum Barone Waltonensi cuius erat uxor Catholica mihique in Baptismo susceptrix. Huius post obitum, accessi quendam Iureconsultumt cuius itidem Coniux Catholicam fidem profitebatur; utrisque in locis minimo licet vel potius nullo cum fructu ad annum usque 12 aetatis classes frâ&#x201A;Ź>quentavi intervallo nihilominus, iam medii iam integri aliquando anni, adeo ut adhaeserit nequitiae et libertatis quam doctrinae et pietatis, amplior seges. Parentes: Parens uterque nobilis hic fratres inter 7 natu minimus nomine Oliverius Main: originem trahens ex domo Piverensi in Cestria; ilia Gerardis propinqua quorum conditio tum ob liberorum multitudinem, tum ob temporis iniuriam, (cum non semel Pater fuerit incarceratus et semper improborum malitiae patuerit) inter mediocres numeranda. Fratres me ex ordine sequentes sunt 4 sorores totidem; omnes Catholice instituti et quoad patitur sors parentum diminuta, humaniter et liberaliter educati: Propinqui (Deo laus) et consanguinei quantum novi omnes Catholicae fidei professores, excepto inter reliquos quodam Patruo nomine Christophoro qui peiorem Dominum sequutus praeter haereditatem paternam et gratiam et magnos apud Reginam ultimo extinctam honores obtinuit. Studia. Quoad studia, ut antea aetas usque ad 12 annum sine fructu elapsa est, ex quo, magno Deo beneficio, in Belgium deveni ad Seminarium Anglicanum Audomarense, ubi studiis incubui humanioribus ab ovo, quod dicitur usque ad malum, celeri tamen cursu 1

Endorsed "1600" and included among the Responsa for 1600


218

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

unius in singulas classes inpenso anni spatio. Progressus (sit Deo laus, unde omnia manat progressus) nunquam non inter primos. Valetudo. Valetudo Corporis solida et intentata. Attamen quemadmodum Corpus infirmum aggravat animam ita etiam ab infirma anima Corpus quandoque aggravari necesse est. Hinc est quod non erubescam fateri Libertatem illam primis inustam annis, cum ad strictiorem vitae cursum accederem plurimum refragatam, atque adeo plus semper internum torruisse animum quam exterioribus signis erupisse; hic idem morbus, propter obvias (sic enim omnia videbantur) difficultates ad Melancholiam, novercam pessimam me remisit quae adeo vehementer animam agitavit ut in Corpus etiam r'e dundaret, iliudque suis fundionibus ineptum plane et inidoneum 'ad tempus redderet; haec sola est infirmitas, sola'invaletudo, quae me unquam vel uspiam attentavit. quae tamen Superiorum cura et Charitate Divina succurrente gratia iamdiu abstersa est Vocatio. Semper ilia Romana quam cum lade nutricis suxi inscius semper et intadus ab omni erronea opinione. Propositum. Propositum quidem, ex quo gust urn aliquem rerum spiritualium dignatus est Deus immittere, iliud semper colui, earn vitae ration em maxime sectari quae ad ipsius gloriam potissimum factura videretur, quae procul dubio cum sit Ecclesiastica nihil unquam habui antiquius: tt Finis SUMMARY

[472J MAINWARING George, c. 19, son of Oliver, born in Lancabrought up far from his father's house; lived . with Lord Walton, whose Catholic wife was his godmother; after his death went to live with a jurisconsult married to a Catholic; in both places attended classes fruitlessly until 11 with intervals of a year or half a year. Son of a noble father, the youngest of 7 sons of the family of Peover in Cheshire; and of a noble mother of a branch of the Gerard family, impoverished by the number of their children and the imprisonment of the father. Has 4 younger brothers and 4 sisters, all Catholic and liberally educated, as far as their parents' diminished means would allow; has only Catholic kinsfolk except for one uncle Christopher in great honour with the late Queen. At 11 went to St. Omers and attended the whole course of humanities, spending a year in each class; was not among the first in class. Healthy in body, but suffered from melancholy when first he turned from liberty to discipline. Always a Catholic. Has long desired to be an ecclesiastic. s~ire,

[473J

[No Responsa extant]

[474J

[ No Responsa extant]


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

219

[475J 1. Verum nomen est Thomas Gauntus, aetate, sum annorum viginti duorum intra unum vel alterum mensem plus minus. locus nativitatis est Singletonum in Lancastria educationisque. 2. de parentibus natus schismaticis conditione honestis; sub finem tamen vitae ambo in ecclesia Dei recipiebantur eoque in statu, ut intellexi, felici mortui sunt. unusquisque fratrum, sororumque est catholicus, maiorque cognatorum pars. 3. Gramatica cum ceteris classibus inferioribus Duaci a me auditis, uno abhinc anna progressum feci ad logices studium, in quo integrum paene perpendi annum. 4. Bonam plerumque corporis, laus dec deiparaeque, sensi valetudinem; sentioque, animae vero ut plurimis contigit. 5. Ab infantia semper catholice educatus fui, sed pro fide illa catholica parum vel nihil passus. 6. Mihi certe a longo temporis intervallo ecclesiasticam vitam magno ferventique cum desiderio proposui, proponoque. nec minori profecto proposito desideriove huius collegii disciplinam observandi me induo. Laus J esu eiusque matri. SUMMARY

[475] GAUNT Thomas, 22 in a month or two, born and brought up at Singleton, Lancashire. Son of respectable schismatic parents who died Catholics; has brothers and sisters, Catholics like most of his family. Studied grammar and other elementary classes at Douai; has spent a year on logic. Healthy. Always a Catholic; has not suffered for religion. Has long desired to be an ecclesiastic.

[476J Nomen mihi parentibus eo tempore Schismaticis, et utroque sponsore aut pari aut peiori errore imbuto Seth impositum est. Annum egero vertente decembri decimum nonum. Natus sum Erswerci[?J vico, secundo ab Eboraco lapide. in errore autem nescio quo usque ad annum 14m quo Audomarum litter arum caussa sum profectus vitam agebam Parentes mihi Gulielmus et Margareta Forsteri hones[ti] nominis quorum haec iam Catholice in supradicto vico dies vitae finivit, ille ex eo per Reverendum Patrem Patrem Holtbaeum in ecclesiam receptus relictis iis quae possedit maiori natu filio obitis multis ob fidem difficultatibus migravit in Belgium. Fratres habeo plures Catholicos duos, reliquos haereticos: sorores itidem plures germanam unam ulissippone in monasterio Anglicano Sanctae Brigittae sacro, reliquas unic[aJ except a, Schismaticas. Avunculos pariter plures, unum Ulisippone in praedicto monasterio qui excipiendis


220

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

vlrgmum Confessionibus et rebus monasterio necessariis procurandis operam praebet, alterum in Anglia Catholicum, reliquos hereticos. Cognatos denique plures unum e Societate ante nominatum Reverendum Patrem Holtbaeum; alterum in Anglia e benedicto Sancti Francisci ordine. reliquos haereticos. Dum in Anglia manerem diversis in locis humanioribus litteris (allis nusquam) operam dedi. in de in Belgium ex patris desiderio litterarum caussa missus, ubi illam quantulamcumque possideo mess em litterariam collegi. Corporeis viribus, quo minus studiorum difficultates et molestias, aut alios quosvis labores ad maiorem dei gloriam qua par est alacritate possint sustinere nullum intervenit obstaculum. inest tamen pectori quadam cruditas ex inconsiderato scribendi modo, et pulpiti gravi inclinatione concepta, neque ulla inde infirmitas, aut morbi aliqua caussa. Cruris dexteri, libenter fatebor infirmitatem annis ab hinc undecim per puerilem imprudentiam importatam, nunquam tamen, dicam liberaliter, ad ullos labores quoscumque, annis convenientem sensi me imparem. Haereticumne me an Schismaticum, an potius omnis sectae puerum fuisse mel ius dixerim nescio, pariter enim in omnes fui animatus, pariter ab omnibus distract us, in una, quam veram atque unicam a longe perspexi salutis viam id est Romanam Catholic am veritatem lib enter, adiuvante Reverendo Patre Georgio Keino qui me reconciliavit, sum amplexus. Ex eo quo primum Audomarum veni vitam Ecclesiasticam proposui, tt propositumque usque nunc tenui, teneoque. SUMMARY

[476] FORSTER Seth (so named by schismatic parents and godparents), 19 come December, son of William and Margaret, born at Earswick 2 miles from York; lived in error until he went to St. Omers to learn letters when 13. Son of respectable parents. (His mother died a Catholic at Earswick; his father was reconciled by Fr. Holtby, left his possessions to his eldest son, and migrated to Belgium after many tribulations for religion.) Has many brothers, of whom 2 are Catholics; had many sisters, one a Bridgettine at Lisbon, the others all schismatics except one; has many uncles, one confessor and procurator in the same monastery at Lisbon, another Catholic in England, the rest heretics. Has many kinsfolk including Fr. Holtby, S.]. and a Franciscan in England; the rest heretics. Studied letters in various places in England; was sent to Belgium by his father and learnt there all that he knows. Healthy, except for a rawness in his chest caused by bending over his desk while writing; 11 years ago brought on a deformity of his right leg through boyish imprudence, but has never felt unequal to any tasks fitting his years. Was a boy of every sect, was reconciled by Fr. George Keynes. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic ever since reaching St. Omers.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

221

[477] 1. Petrus Haslehurstus aetatis 24, natus Nottinghamiae ibique literis educatus usque ad decimum septimum annum aetatis aut circiter. 2. Parentes Robertus et Agnes Haselhurst erant mediae sortis civium Nottinghamensium. pater schismaticus et mortuus, mater adhuc vivit haeretica: unicam habeo sororem, omnes fratres mortui sunt, cognati omnes (tribus Catholicis exceptis) sunt haeretici sed non pra,ecipui. . 3. Studui Cantabrigiae quatuor annis, Rhetoricae, Logicae, et Philosophiae perficiebam cursum sicut caeteri sociorum. 4. Hucusque a prima pueritia raro aegrotus fui, sed semper bona valetudine et utique spero studia ac labores strenue tolerare possum. 5. Usque ad vigesimum secundum annum aetatis me haereticum extitisse fateor postquam vero dei gratia librorumque catholicorum vi ac virtute factus eram catholicus et per magistrum Ludovicum Barloum reconciliatus 6. deus ab initio conversionis (uti spero) me ad Ecclesiasticam vitam agendam interne vocavit, et ab eo usque tempore nihil magis desideravi, nec ambire studui: et ob hanc causam Romam peregrinatus fui, itaque libentissime disciplinam Collegii omnes[que} eius regulas observare conabor quamdiu hic mansero. SUMMARY

[477] HASLEHURST Peter, 24, son of Robert and A,gnes, born at Nottingham and educated in letters there until about 16. Son of middle class citizens of Nottingham, the father a schismatic now dead, the mother a heretic; has 1 sister; has lost all his brothers; has unimportant heretical kinsfolk; has 3 Catholic kinsfolk. Studied rhetoric, logic, and philosophy 4 years at Cambridge. Rarely ill since childhood. A heretic until 21, was converted by reading Catholic books and reconciled by Mr. Lewis Barlow. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic ever since his conversion; to this end has come to Rome.

[478] 1. Ioannes Curtesius, agens annum 46. natus Longae-Parochiae in Provincia seu Comitatu South-Hamptoniae in Anglia. Educatus ibidem in infantia per Aviam Catholicam, postea Andovari in eadem Provincia per patrem et Matrem Schismaticos: reliquum vitae temp oris Londini plerumque consumpsi Scriptor Literae Curialis eiusdem civitatis existens, donec duacum in Belgia profectus, ubi quinque annis ultimo praeteritis remansi alumnus Collegii Anglicani. 2. Pater vivit, plebeus, conditione mediocris, status tamen eius est iam labefactatus et multo pauperior quam vivente matre: Fratrem habeo Catholicum Religiosum Societatis Iesu, Sororem et Amitam Catholicam. Ceteri plerique sunt Schismatici, praeter


222

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

unum fratrem Ministrum Protestantem qui tamen non est malitiosus, nec (ut puto) ullius religionis valde tenax ; 3. Operam dedi literis humanioribus, Andovari praedicti, Philosophiae et Casibus Conscientiae Duaci in Collegio Anglicano. 4. Aegritudinem coporis nullam per annos multos sensi (laus Deo) quae unquam impedivit communia et quotidiana mea exercitia: Animae vero non novi ullam nisi communem omnibus. 5. Vixi per annos muItos secundum morem Protestantium in Anglia, donec opera et industria fratris m ei praedicti Catholicus factus sum annis abhinc septem. Nihil notatu dignum accidit circa hoc negotium ut memini : nihilque passus praeter ea quae ab omnibus communiter patiuntur. 6. Accepi ordinem Presbiteratus. disciplina Collegii fuit unum ex motivis cur me huc contuli. SUMMARY

[478] CURTIS John, 35, born at Longparish, Hampshire; brought up there as a child by his Catholic grandmother, later at Andover by his schismatical parents; spent the rest of his life as a Writer of Court Hand of the city of London; for the last 5 years an alumnus ¡of the English College at Douai. Son of a plebeian father, a widower, who is now much poorer than in his wife's lifetime; has a brother a Jesuit, a sister and an aunt Catholics; has schismatic kinsfolk except for one brother who is a Protestant parson, not however maliciou or bigoted. Studied humanities at Andover, philosophy and cases of conscience at Douai. Has not been ill for many years. Lived for many years as an English Protestant; was converted to Catholicism by his brother 7 years ago. Has been ordained priest; has come here partly for the discipline of the College. [479J 1. Verum nomen est Hugo ap Henry. Annos habeo ut minimum viginti natus (ut puto) Flintiae ibique plerumque educatus 2. Parentes sunt mediocris conditionis Catholici ut minimum a triginta annis frat rem unicum habeo sorores nullas. Cognati praecipui et alii omnes sunt utriusque generis 3. Studiis plerumque domi operam dedi: Duaci in collegio Angl : vixi quatuor annos cum paucis men sib us ubi et cur urn phylosophicum absolvi. 4. Non muItum fui morbis obnoxius, aliquando tamen aegrotavi. 5. Semper fui catholicus educatus. 6. Cum ad hunc vivendi cursum divino (ut spero) beneplacito 'evocatus fui[?J in eodem summa animi alacritate summaque constantia perseverare propono, tt SUMMARY

[479] Ap HENRY Hugh, 20+, born probably in Flint and brought up there. Son of middle class parents, Catholics at least 30 years,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

223

has 1 brother and no sisters. Has kinsfolk of both kinds. Studied mainly at home; lived over 4 years in the English College at Douai and completed the course of philosophy. Has occasionally been ill. Always a Catholic. Hopes he has been called to this way of life by God. [480]

[No Responsa extant]

[481]

[ No Responsa extantJ

1610 [482J 1. Mihi cognomen EVERARDUS, praenomen in sacrosancto Baptismatis lavacro inditum IOANNES: Aetatis autem annum ago, si bene memini vigesimum quartum, currente scilicet anno, quem intra binos menses, aut non multo secus completurus sum. Natus sum in parvo quodam oppidulo cui nomen DEENE, nobilitato alioqui c1arissima BRUDENELLORUM familia, quorum ibi antiquitus floruit, et florescit adhuc domus, sedente iam nunc ad c1avum THOMA BRUDENELLO Armigero, viro ab ineunte aetate Catholico, et de quibuscunque Orthodoxae fidei sectatoribus bene merito. Situm est istud oppidulum in comitatu NORTHAMPTONIENSI et in diocoesi PETRIBURGENSI qua HUNTINGDONIAM spectat, in media fere via, si de UNDELA iter instituatur ad UPPINGHAMIAM, quas nos ambas villas appellamus more nostro mercatorias, ac proinde quorumvis, circumquaque degentium notioni subiacentes. Quoad vero educationem, quales quales progressus fecerim, non inficiabor navasse me operam bonis litteris a teneris usque unguiculis: ac primo quidem auspicante per septennium IOHNSONO quodam, quem CANTABRIGIAE in artibus Baccalaureum, pater meus ad id domi secum aluerat, ac demum ad ecc1esiasticam dignitatem promovit, postquam vero ORBILII huius plagosi manum ferula subduxeram, aequiparandus paedagogo discipulus, annum agentem iam plus minus undecimum, ablegavit pater, cui decepto imagine veri (liceat enim impune istud saltern de mortuo coniectari) curae imprimis cordique fuit, ut religionem, ac pietatem, quam dixit, veram una cum litteris imbiberem, is inquam me ablegavit ad STRICKLANDUM quendam, summa sibi familiar itate coniunctum, qui titulo Doctoris Theologici tunc temporis nuperrime insignitus, non mediocrem prae se ferebat erudition em : quo duce, ex amaenis Latialis eloquentiae campis, in horridula ac spinosa Graecorum idiomata deflexi, quae sane ut erat in hoc genere versatus admodum, sedulo ex intimis authorum latebris deprompsit : obiter tamen ubique sua de fide dogmata admiscens, ac magna voce bonisque lateribus assidue in Papismum lTapepya quaedam detonans, facillime effecit, ut mens informis adhuc et crepundia tan tummodo gestans, religionem illam quam non noverat nedum suavitatem


224

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

eius gustarat, cane, quod aiunt et angue peius -odio prosequeretur: Sic exantlato apud eundem, in hunc fere modum sesquianno, magnae apud alios spei, nec mediocrium ipse mihi bene conscius progressuum, aetate duodenus, ac maturus iam Academiae deputabar. 2. Parentum, quos quisque habet geminos, alter biennium abhinc fato functus est, altera superstes, secundis eius nuptias inhiantibus quam plurimis ex communi amicorum consilio SMITHO cuidam se iunxit, Theologiae doctori, Archiepiscopo qui nunc est CANTUARENSI a sacris, Rectorias occupanti de BULLWICK et de ALLERTON utrasque opulentas satis, Praebendario insuper de WESTMINSTER itidemque de LINCOLN lA, Canonico PETRIBURGI, ac Archidiacono Archidiaconatus UNDELAE; qui ipse non ita pridem uxorem quacum per annos 22 vixerat, susceptis ex eadem 7 liberis, extulerat: Cuius et ista laus est praecipua, quod utriusque iuris scientia insigniter pollet, quam tamen exercitatione potius et usu, quam lectione vel doctrina, sibi comparasse videatur. Ex propriis autem parentibus utrisque sane honesto loco natis, ut nobilitatem mihi non vindicarim, ita neque denegarim ingenuitatem: Matri innuptae nomen erat DIGGLES, dotis attulit 300 minas: edidit novem partus, quorum quatuor immatura morte praerepti non sunt in vivis, supersunt mihi tantummodo bini fratres, totidemque sorores, quos germanos dixerim et genuinos, adopticiorum vero plebs qui aliunde accesserunt, bis numerum superat. Sed quid refert quoti sint? cum quot haereticorum capita tot faculae et titiones ex igne erepti, et ni celerius ad fidem convertantur postquam mundum seditionibus incenderint, in ignem proiiciendi aeternum? Sin de patre quaeratis? utinam tacere liceat. erat enim is, quales nostis plerosque esse Anglos, qui vivunt hodie: integerrimae alias famae, et aliquantulum literatus: vixit ex proprio censu, qui illi erant centenae minae per annum: Reliquit moriens matri quincentas minas; fratri mea maiori natu, qui nunc Capitanus in BELGIA militat et stat ab Haereticis, terras omnes ac tenementa reliquorum liberorum singulis tercentenas minas, praeterquam mihi, cui supremis tabulis, libros solummodo aliquot, et centum insuper minas legavit, solvendas nimirum intra binos menses, postquam vigesimum quartum aetatis annum attigissem; nec hoc sane, quod illi prae caeteris despectior eram, sed quod tantam se pecuniae vim in mei educationem insumpsisse, saepenumero attestatus sit. Sed neque penitus Deum familiam nostram reiecisse sperem, dicente nescia mentiri veritate, non defuturum unum ex tribu quem perducat ad Sionem. Claruit enim iamdudum fides MARIAE BRUDENELLI patris geminae germanae, quae viro affatim diviti nupta, quanta fuit in Catholicorum, catholica ipsa, tum aliorum tum praecipue religiosorum necessitatibus subveniendis, vos non latere arbitro lam vero viduata viro, cum iuncturae quae morte eius amplissima contigerat non tertia sed trinis privetur partibus, neque vacillat fides, nec ad recuperanda temp oralia spiritualia prodit:


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

225

I tidem et R. EVERARDUS Lecestrensis, quem pater nepotem dixit, Armiger, uxor, liberi, familia tota ecquid ignorantur? Et his sunt fere ex cognatis mihi, de quorum fide ac constantia aliquid certi, ausim adfirmare: Caeterum nullum est ex omnibus Apostata, nullus tam non t..oyov verum cxI0"6"crec.us oeollevos. quem Deo dante, ac mediante vel memet Catholicum futurum fore desperem. 3. Postquam decemeretur inter amicos ac patris necessarios, quos ille confertim hac de re consuluit, idoneum iam esse me qui CANTABRIGIAM, ea quippe OXONIO longe fuit vicini or, ablegarer, obtinuit .STRICKLANDUS ille ut ad CLARENSEM AULAM, cuius ipse fuerat alumnus, mitterer: Suscipit tutelam mei Dr BING US, tunc temp oris Collegii praefectus: Initior sacris, et impiis nescio quibus votis, iam tum obstringor, puer trimestris scilicet, et qui ne vapulem centies iuremque peieremque, sed istud cX1rpocrol0vvcrov et extra ole as : Enimvero Poeticam, Rhetoricam, et Graecas litteras edoctus antehac, primo quod fieri solet anna vacabam Logicae, Ibi mihi familiares SETONUS, AGRICOLA, TITELMANNUS, FLAVIUS, PACIUS; dein producto ad umbilicum anno, innotescit palllatim ZABARELLA, PORPHYRIUS, ALEXANDER APHRODISIUS, ac ipse ARISTOTELES, cui us opycxvov, ut moris est ter quater revolvi, paratus, quod et hie usuvenit, in quodvis Magistri verbum mrare tametsi ipse sibi mentiendi conscius esset, et plurima praesertim in Topicis loca aspergeret, quae non ad veritatem sed ad victoriam facerent, attestante D. THOMA, et Alexandro Aphrodysio comment. in Top. lib. 6.c.3. Elapso anno, instauravit mihi studia sub sequens annus, cum ad Aristotelis Ethicam philosophiam ad Nichomachum inscriptam, ad Politicam etiam conversus, opera ut plurimum DONATI, MARTYRIS, CASI, et FOORTHI usus sum, admistis quotidie lectionibus Graeca, Rhetorica, Logica, Philosophica, Mathematica, disputationibus, dec1amationibus, oratiunculis, sophismatis, problematibus, aliisque item exercitiis, quibus ex Academiae statutis et Collegii regulis interesse tenemur. Irrepsit demum tertius annus, cuius cum quarto communia fuere studia, Naturalis philosophia, ex naturae Genio praecipue, dein etiam ex probatissimis interpretibus petenda, quos mihi adscivi praeter supra commemoratos TOLLETUM, SCALIGERUM et CARDANUM, nec caeteros contempsi quoscunque mihi fors vel casus obvios dabat. Sub finem quarti anni, post ter publice defensas, et novies oppugnatas theses, factus sum Baccalaureus in artibus, et non ita multo post in Collegii societatem adscitus, assumpto gradu, et illato turgido honore, ovans incedebam. Iamque rebus ad voluntatem propriam gerendis, etsi meae ipsius npocxipecrl derelictus plurimum de anteacti temporis intensione remittebam, succisivist tamen horis et priora studia recolebam, et addebam indies metaphysices, mathematicesque aliquid, dum prioribus quatuor, tribus ulterius additis annis, tandem Magister in


226

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

artibus evaderem: Ex eo tempore, praeterquam quod huc atque illuc divagatus, ruri plerasque aestates transegerim, nescio quid me fecisse dicam, per tres praesertim annos, quibus legendis Burris, Quisquiliis, ineptiisque efficere enitebar, ut ipso Critici nomine cunctis horrorem incuterem: Nihil iam tum spirabam, praeter Apuleium, Plautum, LIPSIUM, Gellium, Quintilianum, Caelium Rhodiginum, Varronem, et si quis aliqua protulisset ad ipsum antiquitatis cylindrum minus adaequata verba, naso protinus suspendebam adunco, ita omnes censuram mei expavescere cupiebam. Mox vero meminens statim futurum fore ut candidatus essem Baccalaureatus in Theologia, ad magis seria aliquantulum studia me converti, eos mihi legendos proponens libros, quos maxime usui futuros putarem. 4. Ex quo natus sum, praeterquam tribus vicibus, infestatum me adversa valetudine non memini, anna scilicet aetatis octavo per duos menses, febricitantem, decimo colic a passione laborantem, octavo denique post apud Belgas peste correptum: morbos vero quos medici XPOVIKOVS vocant qui statis temporibus recursitent nusquam sum expertus. Quoad animam vero, etsi corporis temperamentum ex atra bili et cholera constitutum arcte sequendo, ad eiusmodi TroST) et perturbationes paulo sit proclivior, non tamen eousque prorumpunt violentiae, ut adimatur electio, nec imperium refugiunt, proinde aliter mecum agi non dicam, quam unusquisque mortalium sibi quando que usuvenire experiatur. 5. Ubi igitur ad libros qui divina tractarent legendos memet convertissem pruriginosa magis scabie auditorum aures demulcendi, et quae de me magna fuit expectationi aliquatenus satisfaciendi, quam desiderio mihi met ipsi proficiendi, incidi certa Dei voluntate, in libros quosdam Bellarmini, nec non Stapletoni, itemque alios controversias tractantes quibus singulis appensa erat adversariorum responsio. Bellum hoc ad primum videtur certamen, et pugna Saturnalitia: Dein quoniam utrinque clamatum violatum authorum fidem, corruptum sensum integritatemque sacrosanctae scripturae, et loca ex Patribus citata, aequo Marte contenderent partim falsam esse, partim non facere, venit mihi in mentem (cum egregias sane Bibliothecas, alteram Academiae publicam, alteram Collegii privatam pro arb it rio esset adeundi copia) paulum temporis huic negotio insumere, ut viderem a qua parte veritas staret, nequaquam tamen dubiosus fore ut nostra palmam reportaret : Ex ilio temporis momento fateor me qui usque tum Chatholicorum acerrimus fuissem hostis, paulo aequiorem fuisse iudicem, et oculatius in veritatem intendisse, sed Deus bone, omnia deprehendi paria, et eiusdem pistrini, arces de cloacis, lapides de sepu1chris pro numine, quin et glacies tanta Neronianas quanta refrigeret thermas. At a Catholicis omnia adeo perspicua, plana, aperta inveni, ut ni quis cucurbitas lippire velit, veritatem obviis ulnis amplexantem videat necesse sit: Quid multa? Tacitus et cogitabundus eos ex


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

227

amicis adeo, quibus putares grandiorem aetatem, et studium provectius firmasse judicium; hi vero dum scrupulum evellunt, lanceam iniiciunt; Quae enim stribligines, lemae Saturnae? quaenam oratio? quam rebus flaccens, strepitu vigens, quam digna, et risu et sale et omnibus cachinnis : Sed quid expectem ab iis quorum neque commentari neque commentisci non emissim titivillitio ? Libuit tandem exclamare cum Tertulliano, Tantum veritati obstrepit adulter sensus, quantum corruptor stylus, quocunque enim converteram oculos, fucus subinde patebat, et dolus malus, ut iam mirarer. quorsurp. Pat rum Orthodoxorum scripta non penitus sublata essent e medio, et igni tradita, ita exsertim enim et copiose Romanam agunt causam, ut bellutus sit non intelligens Cynomyia negans. lam igitur evict a mente, ut enim lancem, in quit orator, in libra pondcribus impositis deprimi, sic animum perspicuis cedere necesse est, quid restaret ulterius ? nisi ut qui non essem sani, saltern sanabilis me praeberem ingenii, et quod Divus Augustinus suadet, cum non possem habere prim as sapientiae, ut habeam tamen secundas modestiae: At Reluctata est aliquandiu voluntas, Traxit et invitum nova vis, aliudque Cupido, Mens aliud suasit : Dum indies succrescens fides, ad mundi illecebras obsurduit. ut proripiens memet velut invitum AUDOMAROPOLlM, ibidem a Reverendissimo Patre Joanne Floid reconciliatus ad Ecclesiae sinum et saluberrima sacramentorum pabula admitterer: Quod simulac factum est, huc usque Romam per quaecunque 6xvpc.v\-lcna calcato mundo, siccis oculis, ad vexillum cruxis confugi. 6. Sed cum unicuique Christo militanti, post praecipuam suae salutis incumbit etiam aliorum cura, et liberanti fratris animam corona debeatur, non, qualis apud Romanos olim data est servanti civem, quercina, sed immortalis gloriae; lstud mihi apprime est in votis, quin et firmiter, ut si quo modo, tanto presbyteratus honore dignus evadam, in Angliam deinde ablegarer, ut in conversionis eius tam arduum opus, talentum quod mihi dedit Deus, unanimiter cum allis operariis impendam. tt SUMMARY

[482] EVERARD John, about 23 and 10 months, born at Deene, Northamptonshire, about half way between Oundle and Uppingham (the home of the Brudenels, where now lives Thomas Brudenel Esq., a devout Catholic) ; studied letters 7 years under a Cambridge graduate named Johnson, who was kept by his father and later raised by him to ecclesiastical dignity; when about 10 was sent by his father to learn piety and letters from one Strickland, recently D .D., who taught him Greek most learnedly and inculcated hatred of Papistry; eighteen months later, aged 12, went to Cambridge. Son of an Anglican father, well-lettered and of good fame, a gentleman of £100 a year, who died leaving £500 to his wife, nee Diggles, who had brought him a dowry of £300 and bore him 9 children of


228

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

whom 4 died young. (The respondent's mother, on his father's death, was much sought in marriage; she chose on her friends' advice one Smith D.D., chaplain to the present Archbishop of Canterbury, Rector of Bullwick and Allerton, Prebendary of Westminster and Lincoln, Canon of Peterborough and Archdeacon of Oundle, a widower who had 7 children from his previous 22-yearlong marriage, well versed in both branches of law, from experience rather than study.) Has 2 surviving brothers and 2 sisters, all heretics on their way to Hell unless they are converted. (The eldest brother, a Captain with the heretics in Belgium, inherited all the lands and tenements of his father; ÂŁ300 went to each of the other children, except for the respondent who inherited only some books and ÂŁ100 to be paid when he is 23 in 2 months time. This was because he had had much spent on his education. The respondent's father's twin sister, Mary Brudenel, is a charitable Catholic; she was married to a very rich man, but is being deprived of much of the jointure which she inherited on his death. His father's nephew, R. Everard of Leicester, is also a Catholic, along with his wife and family.) Was sent by his family to Cambridge, which was nearer than Oxford; was admitted to Clare Hall on the recommendation of Strickland, a former alumnus; was tutored by Dr. Bing, then head of the College; was ordained in spite of his youth. In his first year, being already familiar with poetry, rhetoric and Greek, he studied logic, reading Seton, Agricola, Titelmans, Flavius and Pacius; later he read Zabarella, Porphyry and Alexander of Aphrodisia; he went through Aristotle's Organon three or four times, ready to swear by any word of the Master-as happens here also-even though Aristotle was himself conscious of the sophistical nature of some of the arguments used in the Topics. (Cf St. Thomas, and Alexander in Top. 6, 3.) In the following year he turned to the Nichomachean Ethics and the Politics, using the works of Donatus, Martyr, Case and Foorth; reading each day Greek, rhetoric, logic and philosophy, and disputing, declaiming, speechifying, discussing sophisms and problems and attending all statutory academic exercises. In his third and fourth year studied Natural Philosophy both practically and theoretically, using the approved commentators such as Toletus, Scaliger and Cardanus. At the end of his fourth year, having thrice publicly defended theses and nine times attacked them, he took his B.A. and was elected a Fellow of his College. He continued his studies of metaphysics and mathematics for 3 years, and then proceeded M.A. For 3 further years he studied trifles and became an exacting critic of style, devoting himself to Apuleius, Plautus, Lipsius, Gellius, Quintilian, Caelius Rhodigius, and Varro; he then turned to more serious studies in preparation for his S.T.B. Suffered a fever 2 months when 7, colic when 9, took plague in Belgium when 17; never suffered from any chronic disease. Has a temperament compounded of black bile and choler; but does not find the resultant motions of his soul uncontrollable.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

229

He took to reading books of divinity out of curiosity and ambition, and came upon some books of Bellarmine and Stapleton and other works of controversy; began to check the references to the Fathers and to Scripture in the excellent libraries of the University and College; lost his hostility to Catholicism. Describes, with a wealth of classical allusion, how he began to find Anglican writings frigid and hollow, Catholic writings clear and compelling; consulted learned and venerable friends about his difficulties; became convinced that the Fathers bore witness to the Roman cause. Crossed to St. Omers and was reconciled by Fr. John Floyd; came immediately to Rome. Desires to be a priest and to work for the conversion of England.

[483J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[484J 1. Carolus Gwin est mihi nomen (ab illo tamen tempore quo ex Anglia sum egressus Boduelum mihi pro cognomine assumpsi) vigesimum octavum annum nunc ago, locus nativitatis atque educationis fuit in illa Angliae parte quae Cambria nuncupatur, provincia autem Carnarvon nominatur, ubi non allis rebus nisi gramaticae studio operam dedi, illinc in aliam Angliae provinciam progressus ubi in cuiusdam nobilis familia servitioque per septem vel circiter annos vitam egi. 2. Sum oriundus parentibus nobilibus, qui propriis vivunt reditubus et bonis, meus parens est mortuus, mea mater haeretica adhuc vivit, duos habeo fratres quorum neuter est catholicus, sorores similiter habeo duas quarum una est catholica, altera vero haeretica, nullum habeo cognatum aut cognatam catholicum, nisi unicam tan tum amitam. 3. Tornaci et Duaci per tres annos cum dimidio humaniorum studiis incubui, praeterea per trimestrem Logicae operam navavi, ex quibus omnibus mediocrem fructum exhausi. 4. Sum corporis constitution is satis infirmus. habens caput et stomachum ceterasque fere corporis partes frigidis quibusdam humoribus gravatas 5. Fui enutritus ac educatus in haeresi, et usque ad annum vigesimum primum haereticus vixi, tunc proficiscens in flandriam meum avunculum invisendi causa, Bruxellis directione et opera Reverendi Domini Ioannis Chambers Anglicanarum Religiosarum confessarii fui conversus. 6. Quamprimum ferme ad humaniorum studia me contuli magnum sensi desiderium ut alios adiuvarem, quapropter in animum induxi meum ut fierem sacerdos cum doctrina et aetate ad illud munus dignitatemque essem idoneus, idque praecipue ut meos parentes amicos caeterosque ab haeresi abducere possem, illudque votum hactenus semper fovi et servavi, ac in eodem proposito adhuc p


230

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

maneo, et Deo volente manebo, nisi aliter ipse Deus de me disponat, me videns ad illud negotium tractandum, non esse aut aptum, aut capacem, tt SUMMARY

[484] GWYN Charles, alias Bodwell since leaving England, 27, born in Carnarvonshire, where he studied grammar; later served a nobleman for 7 years in another county. Son of noble parents who live on their revenues; has lost his father but not his mother, who is a heretic; has 2 brothers non-Catholics, 1 sister a Catholic and 1 sister a heretic; has only one Catholic aunt. Studied humanities 3! years at Tournai and Douai, also logic for 3 months. Is weak in body, his head and stomach and other parts being weighed down by cold humours. Was a heretic until 20 when, on a visit to his uncle in Flanders, he was reconciled by Mr. Chambers, the confessor of the English nuns. Has desired to be a priest since starting humanities; wishes to convert his parents and compatriots. [485J 1. Edouardus Fentonus est mihi verum nomen; aetatem habeo circiter triginta duo annorum. N ativitatis meae locus est villa de Fenton in Comitatu Nottinghamiae, quae mihi ex maxima parte educationem dedit. 2. Parententest mei denominati sunt Nicholaus Fenton, armiger, et Gratia uxor eius, nuper et adhuc (ut spero) viventes schismatici, non obstinantes haeretici. de sept em meis fratribus, duo tantum in vita supersunt: unus (Gulihelmus) maior, alter (Thomas) natu minor, in religione haud bene constituti; Sororem nunquam habui. Habeo cognatos multos utriusque conditionis, tam catholicos, quam haereticos. Viz: Domina Disney de Norton in Comitatu Lincoln et soror eius domina Barnby; vidua Ridges de Fulbecke in Comitatu praedicto. Domina Powdrell de Westhallome in Comitatu Darbiae. Wms: Stillington et Richardus Anne de Frickley in comitatu Eboracensi, affines mei, et optimi catholici. De haereticis numerum magnum, non digna eorum nomina scribendi. 3. De studiis parum, hoc tamen dico. In paterna domo subter gubernationem diversorum magistrorum a pueritia usque ad iuventutem educatus eram. Ex ephebis discedens per Can tabrigiam ad civitatem Londini proficiscor, nullo gradu; neque Scholastica dignitate praeditus. Postea prodigus vixi de tempore secundum morem loci, et adolescentium. Aliquando in rure, aliquando in civitate, ut occasio negotii, V" 1 voluptates attraxerint. 4. Raro aegroto; et ab omni rnfirmitate tum animi tum corporis me bene liberum sensi, et sensiot. Nec reminiscor me de u110 morbo graviter, aut emnino hos decem annos ultime praeteritos Iaborasse. Laus deo, Beatae Mariae. 5. Hic dolor, hic lachrymae .: hic gaudium, hic consolatio.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

231

Recordatjo vitae anteactae est acerbissima; redpiscentia ad meliorem est iucundissima. Erubesco quidem dicere quam ignarus, et negligenter respectu christianitatis vixi. Propter formam non propter virtu tis amo' em frequenter ad ecclesiam haercticorum veni : inter eos quotidie vixi, conciones saepe audivi; sine sensu tamen sanctitatis diu permansi. Crescentibus annis liberior fuit mihi vivendi potestas; ita Uti circiter quinque vel sex abhinc annos transmigravj in region em Hiberne, ubi sub quodam nobill mei nominis, et patriae honest urn locum occupavi; post cuius mortem, vixi in urbe Dubliensis proprio sumptu, et expensis meis. hac occasione multos cognovi Catholicos, unum autem mei loci, atque ordinis prae ceteris charum habui erat enim a Secretis uno viro magnifico, ut ego altri. Appellatur Henricus Sherwoode, homo quid em intigert, et plenus fidei. Sic etiam oportunet accidit: in hospitio domo cuiusdam viduae una viximus: hospita erat haeretica quam ille maxime cupiebat ad veritatem reducere: Ilia semel, atque iter urn petiit me ad interponendum et ad causam defendendum: Quod ego libenter feci; quod ille dixit, negavi, quicquid probare conatur, dubito; ille satis bene doctus; mea tantum cognitio composita potius fuit ad contradictionem, quam ad veritatis intelligentiam: tandem ille (magis, magisque de me sollicitus) omnes suos nervos intendit, me sui similem facere: multa de paenitentia, de reformatione, de aeternitate dixit, summa cum humanitate, et modestia me tractavit, et consulit dum tempus est etiam, atque etiam cogitare. deinde dedit mihi librum scriptum per doctorem Kellison, et concionem quandam praedicatam obsequiis serenissimae reginae Mariae. Quid opus est verbis, memetipsum sibi grate applicavi, intentionem hominis honestam, et ab intimo corde vidi. Cum ad deum omnipotentem confugio, precibus impetravi, ut sibi placeret oculos meos caecos aperire, et lumen veritatis praebere, et quo magis anima mea in istis cogitationibus versatur, eo uberiorem fructum cepi. Cepit etiam mecum cogitare, haec forte erit ultima oportunitas qua, tu (deus) me ad tuam amicitiam vocabis, certe non hunc salutis aditum mea ingratitudine praecludam. Tandem propensam inveni rnihi animam ad aliud cursum currendum, carnales sillcett affectiones exterparet, et novum induere vestimentum pietatis, continentiae, et omnis modestiae, eamque resolutionem praefato amico denuntiavi; ille privatis colloquiis me multum adiuvavitt, valde gaudebat, et tandem rus proficiscitur. Memetipsum ad privatum studium conferebam. Libros historias, et Anglicanas annales legi, et pedegi ; rerum multarum fluxum, et refluxum observavi. Libidinem, et incontinentiam regis Henrici 8vi Avaritiam spei libertatis coniunctam in proceribus suis; minoritatem Edwardi 6ti; effeminatam animam, et credulitatem in Regina nuper Elizabetha; Successionem et accessionem ad magnam hereditatem regnantem Iacobum ultra virilem animum transportare; haec notavi; Et ex contrario venit mihi in mentem consideratio antiquitatis ecclesiae Romanae, et


232

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Catholicorum probitatis qua in contractis, et rebus agendis utuntur ; Nec oblitus fui de singulari charitate inter eos, de respectu et amore erga presbyteros; quae omnia verum veritatis signum iudicavi; sic fine catholicus resolutus affectus eram. Nunc ad praedictam civitatem revertitur Henricus Sherwoode, amplectimur, tandemque in Angliam una transvehimur; ad cognatos, et familiares suos, deinde ad patres me conduxit; illi postulaverunt meam conversionem ad Ecclesiam; quam ego gratiam extensam submisse apprehendi, ea conditione habere satisfactionem in quibusdam controversiis, quibus haeretici dixerunt Catholicum nullo pacto potuisse respondere. Et hoc modo divina providentia et eo rum opere confirmatus eram menseMaii ultimo praeterito. 6. Nunquam sane mihi erat in proposito vitam ecclesiastic am ducere; Tantum devotionis caussa in It ali am concessi. Lingua loquitur auribus; visus autem, et inspectio animo et intelligentiae ; Non solum ergo audiendo; sed etiam videndo, et cognoscendo putavi me oportere super petram strenuam fidem edificaret. Et quanquam hoc, vel ilio temporali officio, nihil dubito me deo, et patriae bene posse inservire: Non tamen ita sum ingratus spiritualem functionem recusare, si commode, et ad gloriam dei mature fieri possit. Collegii disciplinae lib enter, et submisse obtemporaret promitto. Laus deo et Beatae Mariae per me EDUOARDUM FENTON SUMMARY t485] FENTON Edward, about 32, son of Nicholas Esq., and Grace, born and mainly brought up at Fenton, Nottinghamshire. Son of a surviving schismatic; has 2 surviving brothers, William (elder) and Thomas (younger), both non-Catholics; has lost 5 brothers; never had a sister. Has many kinsmen of both classes, Catholics and heretics, including Mrs. Disney of Norton, Lincolnshire, and her sister Mrs. Barnaby; Widow Ridges of Fulbeck, Lincolnshire; Mrs. Powdrell of West Hallam, Derbyshire; William Stillington and Richard Anne of Frickley, Yorkshire, kinsmen by marriage and excellent Catholics. Was educated as a boy by various private tutors at home; went to Cambridge and then to London, without any degree or academic honour; lived prodigally in town and in the country. Has never been seriously ili; completely healthy these last 10 years. Was once neglectful of Christianity; attended heretical churches as a matter of form; frequently heard sermons but had no feeling of holiness; crossed to Ireland 5 or 6 years ago and became secretary to a nobleman of the same name and country, after this man's death lived in Dublin at his own expense; made the acquaintance of many Catholics, including Henry Sherwood, the secretary of another nobleman, a man of integrity and faith, who shared the same lodgings as himself. Was frequently called in


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

233

by his widowed landlady to defend her against Sherwood's attempts to convert her to Catholicism; became involved in argument about penance, reformation, eternity; was lent by Sherwood a book of Dr. Kellison's and a sermon preached at the funeral of Queen Mary; feeling that this might be his last chance of salvation, began to pray for light and to practise piety and continence; withdrew to the country to study privately; read the history of England; reflected on the lust of Henry VIII, the avarice of his nobles, the youth of Edward VI, the credulity of Elizabeth, and the evil change wrought in James by his accession; considered the antiquity of the Roman Church, the probity of Catholics in business, and their love for priests. Finally resolved to become a Catholic; on the return of Henry Sherwood crossed with him to England and was introduced to his family and some Jesuits who satisfied him on certain points in dispute; was reconciled by them last May. Has come to Italy for devotion's sake; has no intent to be an ecclesiastic, but will not refuse a spiritual office if he can undertake one conveniently and without delay.

[486J Synceret respondeo, (si mea me non fallit memoria). 1. Nomen mihi Thomas Pultonus. Anglus in Pago Bortoniae in provincia parochioque Buckinghamiae; transacta infantia mea, ab octavo usque ad 15 aetatis annum in domo paterna a pedagogo quodam in humanioribus litteris aliisque rebus illi aetati convenientibus, et ad scientiam spectantibus, educatus. Aetatis modo annos ago: 33um 11 lulii praeterito. 2. nomen Patris Ferdinandus matris Catherina. Quoad Parentes, qui Dei beneficio mihi adhuc supersunt licet decrepiti, Pater semper desiderio, et iam per 12 annos re Catholicus, Mater vero nimis faemina, legum asperitate deterrita, in scismate persistit. Ambo armigero parente oriundi, idemque titulum successive hac tempest ate retinent. Annui reditus et supellectile satis amplum illis non deficiunt, Pater ab incunabulis semper studiis addictus, maxime Philosophiae, et lurisprudentiae, nec non Theologiae hisce temporibus praesertim decrepitae suae aetatis, scripsit enim et impressit de 4 novissimis; transtulitque in vulgarem linguam primum tomum Cardinalis Bellarmini, de infantia nascentis Ecclesiae. scripsit duos praeterea libros de legibus Anglicanis et adhuc scribit. tres habeo fratres; Maior et minimus Catholici, tertius ex unitate fratrum merito excludendus, qui se ab unitate Ecclesiae sponte et proterve secludit. 6. sorores Catholicas omnes habeo, 5 earum honesto matrimonii vinculo adstricto fidem suam publice profiteri eandemque causam pro viribus tueri atque fovere non erubescent sexta vero altius adspirans in Religioso statu Christo militat. Quo ad Cognatos et affines multos habeo in haeresi demersos; plures tamen Christi vestigiis inhaerentes; et pro fide


234

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Christiana vitam fortunasque suas omnes hilari vultu ad exponendas paratos. 3. Superius dixi me elementa studiorum in paterna domo posuisse; inde ad res mundanas mercemonia silicet memet per 10 annos Londini contuli; adeo ut quae antea didici iam dedidici. Hucusque in haeresi paene persistebam idque pertinaciter nam avide haereticorum concionibus inhiabam Noluit divina misericordia ut longius diutiusque in hoc erroris labyrintho detenerer aut in ilia damnosa haereticorum opinione ulterius procederem, sed ut caligantes oculos apperirett, Patris Personii faelicis memoriae librum inscriptum de Resolutione instrumentum conversionis meae rnihi porrexit; quo lecto mirabile quoddam lumen mihi affulsit; imbres lacrimarum per multos dies de oculis decurrebant, tremendum insuper Dei iuditium t semper in auribus meis insonuit, adeo ut nec cibus nec somnus nec alia solita solatia mihi cordi fuerint, sed in orationibus pernoctare, fortunas in elemosinis impendere, Bedam Stapletonum aliosque de Conversione Angliae libros lectitare mundum relinquere etiam antequam Catholicus factus essem gratum tunc mihi videbatur. quid multis tanquam in caelum raptus terram sordid am despiciebam. Neque hic quievit mecum ilia multiplex misericordia Dei, nam per ministerium proprii parentis ad temporalem carcerem adductus ut de vinculis et ergastulo peccatorum meorum liberaret; Hic notandum est officium boni parentis qui non solum corporibus sed praesertim filiorum animis consulit. Annum post conversion em meam mortua est Regina Eli: et ipse negotiandi et tempestates futuras vitandi causa (liber enim non eram eo tempore) in Hyberniam missus inde post annum ferme reversus sum londinum, ubi ut ventum est, lues ingravescebat adeo, ut spatio 7 dierum 3300 horninum fato subripiebantur quo periculo perterriti parentes me e vestigio in patriam sibi avocarunt ubi non duo bus mensibus integre peractis, occurrit ilie reverendus et mihi semper venerandus Pater Pater Ioannes Gerardus qui me dulcibus colloquiis et adhortationibus ad spirituale exercitium degustandum allexit, in quo igniculi pristinae meae bonae voluntatis tantam flammam accenderunt ut praeter Iesu eiusque nominis Societatem nihil animam satiare potuerat. Patriae parentibusque valedicere studiisque aptissimis ad finem intentum consequendem memet enixe applicare mihi decretum fuit. quod quidem prohibentibus causis ante 3 annos efficere nequebam tandem 27 aetatis meae peractis et feliciter valedictis rebus mundanis Audomarum veni, ubi fundamenta humanitas secundo posui; illiusque rei finem secundum satis per Dei gratiam post 4 annos obtinui, teneoque. 33um annum vero peragrando I taliae Civitates Illustresque Romanorum res gestas conspirantibus etiam et aliis rationibus consumpsi. 4. Quoad nobiliorem hominis partem silicett animam nil est quod gravat hoc enim die optimus ilie animarum chirurgus omnes meos livores sanavit adeo ut (grates Caelitibus) ne minima querela intus in pectore latet. at Corpus hoc terre a suo pondere et querelis 0


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

235

nonnumquam men tern aggravat Querit enim caput ali quando de debilitate, coxendix et genua de infirmitate, augurantur etiam futuram inserenitatem ex lento dolore; in quibus tamen multo melius solito. me reperio. 5. Ad maximam partem huius interrogationis ex oblata occasione in tertio articulo respondi Hic tamen ipsemet summam et patemam Dei providentiam cum quadam mentis iubilatione semper exinde et in omni loco admiratus sum: Dominum enim habui non solum potentem sed etiam in magna autoritate constitutum, qui me et muneribus et minis aliisque diversis rationibus agressus est, ipse vero in Domino confidens nihil prorsus perterritus set erecto in Caelum vultu fidem meam palam intrepideque profitebar, quo effectum est ut socius meus ingenii et iuditii praecox socium in socia et vera fide se mihi adiunxit, Quod non solum illi ipsi sed et mihi incredibile attulit gaudium; Infremuit ille municeps[?] illumque in carcerem duci sine mora curavit. Hic infelix ego, ut socium, qui me in fide associatus est, III vinculis associare non potuerim inter fluxo insuper anna frater natu minor modo studiorum causa Audomari commorans, munitus horumque exemplorum impulsu una nobiscum sese in fide adiunxit, haeresimque penitus et toto animo abiurans. Praeterea hoc notatu dignum existimavi Ipse enim variis negotiis per 3 annos in Anglia detentus, maximeque londini, pro more 2 Cubicula in illa Civitate semper tenui (maxime post conversionem meam) alterum, in media parte Civitatis situm ad negotia mundana expedienda: alterum, in suburbibus quod tanquam sacellum ad sacra exercitia exercenda sacerdotes virosque Religiosos excipiendos detinebam quod in ipso Penticostes festo proditum, sacro et profano supellectile abrepto aegreque Christian is evasis meque una cum sacerdote citato cursu ad asylum longe distans confugere res ipsa coegit Hic prius proditoris patriae nomen obtinui; 0 pia proditio mihi semper colenda! Anno 1608 multis de causis a superioribus in Angliam missus, ubi per 2 menses commoratus rebus et intentis negotiis meis satis feliciter perfunctis impulso remigio Deoque secundante Domum incolumis remeavi. sed ecce vix limine Collegii tacto occurrunt a patribus in Anglia litterae narrantes me a Regio concilio per universum londinum quaesitum, non ob amore-m credo; sed, quia opera bona ab eorum haeresi et institutione semper alienissima (versabar enim ex parte in colligendo elemosinas piorum virorum ad novum Collegii templum extruendum) ut in illorum fautores animadverterent, etiamque ut illos in carceres ducerent. 6. Hac ipsa de re ex occasione occurrente superius mentem summumque desiderium ad hoc vitae genus suscipiendum narravi. Utque ergo uno verbo sententiam meam in Collegian a disciplina insectanda proferam, fin em que imponam, dico asseroque id ipsum mihi gratum utile iucundum semper desideratum nec minus aptum ad proposita intenta prosequenda fenemquet ultimum Deum silicett fruendum consequendumque.


236

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Habitum ergo vobis Reverendissimi patres peto, ut internum externo congruentem in dies magis magis que ad perfectionem amoremque Dei adspirare queam. THOMAS BROOKus .

Deo gratias. SUMMARY

[486] PULTON Thomas, or Brooke, 32 or 33 last 11 July, son of Ferdinand and Catherine, born at Bourton in the parish of Buckingham, educated in his father's house by a tutor from 7 to 14. Son of decrepit parents of armigerous family and ample means; the father a Catholic, the mother a schismatic through fear. (His father was always a Catholic at heart, and became one in fact 12 years ago. He has been a student since childhood, specialising in philosophy, theology and jurisprudence; has published a book on the four last things, and has translated into English Cardinal Bellarmine's first volume on the infancy of the Church; has written two books on English Law and is writing others.) Has 3 brothers, the eldest and youngest Catholics, the third an apostate; has 6 Catholic sisters, one a religious and the rest respectably married and openly professing their faith; has many kinsfolk heretics, and many brave and cheerful Catholics. After elementary studies became a merchant in London for 10 years, forgetting all that he had learnt. Was long a heretic, avid of sermons, but was converted by reading Fr. Persons' Book of Resolution, which caused him to weep copiously each day, to care little for food and sleep, to spend nights in prayer and fortunes in alms, and to read Bede and Stapleton and other books of the conversion of England. Even before becoming a Catholic he conceived a desire to leave the world. By the ministry of his father he was brought to an earthly prison in order to be freed from the prison of his sins. A year after his conversion, on the death of Queen Elizabeth, he was sent to Ireland on business and to avoid trouble; returning to London a year later he found plague raging, which killed 3300 men in 7 days; was summoned home by his terrified parents, and there met Fr. John Gerard who persuaded him to take the Exercises. Feeling that nothing but Jesus and his Society would satisfy his soul, he decided to leave home and devote himself to study; when 26, after 3 years delay, he settled his affairs and crossed to St. Omers to study humanities a second time. Completing his course in 4 years, he occupied his 33rd year in travelling round Italian cities and in other business. Suffers from weakness in the head, and infirmity in the hip and knees, but is now better than usual; has had his spiritual bruises cured today by the surgeon of souls. Was bribed and threatened by his powerful master, but refused to give up his faith; converted a precocious companion who was thereupon imprisoned; persuaded his younger brother to abjure heresy and to study at St. Omers where he now is. During the 3 years he was


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

237

delayed on business in England he used to keep 2 rooms in London, one in the centre of the city for business, the other in the suburbs as a chapel for spiritual exercises and the reception of priests and religious; had this chapel betrayed one Whit Sunday and had to flee from it with a priest while it was searched and stripped of its furniture; was proclaimed a traitor. In 1608 was sent again t o England by his superiors; spent two months settling his affairs and collecting alms for the building of the College chapel; on returning to the College learnt by letters from Jesuits in England that he was sought by the Council throughout London. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [487J 1. Nomen mihi Robertus Wigmorus. De aetate non plane constat; illud certe scio annum me 19m vel 20m extrema Pentecost e attigisse. Natus sum (quod ab allis me accepisse memini) in vico comitatus Herefordiensis qui Kinsam appellatur, tribus milliaribus a domo paterna. Is quidem vicus iam Patri subest, prius autem aviae in cuius ego familia natus sum. Ad annum circiter 8 aut 9 domi educatus et a Praeceptore domestico institutus sum. E xeindet ad prosequenda studia partim in Cognatorum aedibus, partim H erefordiae versatus. Anno aetatis 15 ° ad Seminaria me transmittere parentes decreverunt, eoque consilio cuidam me avunculo tradiderunt, qui quod in transmarinis partibus diutius egisset id commodissime effecturus videbatur. Is accepta qua opus erat a Parentibus pecunia negotium in se recepit. Enimvero Societati quod post modum agnovi, minime favens, itaque promissis sese imparem agnoscens, alteri me commisit quem in causa mea summopere valere, et brevi cum filio suo in transmarinas partes profecturum aiebat. Ipse interim me relict 0, traiecit atque haud ita multo post in bello occubuit. Ex quo factum est ut variis postmodum difficultatibus implicitus aegre admodum voti compos effectus sim. Tandem anno iam inutiliter effluxo patrui cuiusdam opera qui Londini meo nomine cum Patre quodam Societatis agebat, diu expetitum it er inivi et matre quidem dissentiente, Patre, vero utpote qui et spe et pecuniis elusus erat, aliquantulum invito, progressus sum. Anno circiter 100[?J ex commendatione P. Antonii Hoskini seminarium Audomarense intravi. 2. Patre natus sum Guilielmo Wigmoro Armigero Comitatus Herefordiensis, matre vero Anna Throgmortona filia Ioannis Throgmortoni equitis Glocestriensis. Pater quidem, (quae est multorum apud nos nobilium deploranda consuetudo) cum primum impuberes annos excessit, atque haereditatem ipse suam cemere debuit, cessit tempori, atque exinde semel bisve quotannis templa Haereticorum frequentavit, quem tamen summa mea cum consolatione pridem accepi ad Ecclesiae gremium rediisse. Et quamquam sibi et suis inique consulens fortunae se potius quam fidei servum ostenderit~


238

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

nunquam tamen liberos suos nisi Catholice institui permisit. Mater a prima ad extremam lucem Catholica et in suis ex disciplinae christianae regula informandis accuratissima. Sacerdotem multis annis secum tenuit, et mortua quasi extremo testamento liberis et familiae suae haereditarium reliquit. Diem suum ex quo ipse ex Anglia discessi faeliciter obiit. Cognatos Patris nomine novi paucissimos qui vero proxima necessitudine attingunt sunt ii pIeri que nobiles Comitatus Herefordiensis partim Catholici, partim, ut antea dixi tempori servientes quorum uxores et liberi omnes avitae fidei cult ores remanent. Matris vero stirps adeo est et nomine et cognatione per Angliam diffusa ut aliis paene omnibus quam mihi longe melius innotescat. 3. Studia quibus hactenus vacavi sunt humaniora tantum, quorum Audomari quatuor annis cursum confeci. Grammatices autem dassem secundam primo adventu intravi; ad hanc vero idoneum tenuis illa cognitio reddidit quam in Anglia locis supra commemoratis acquisivi. 4. Valetudine (Deo laus) firmissima utor, et a puero sum usus, neque ex quo Angliam reliqui ulla me parte graviter affectum sensi. Levis sane atque exiguus quidam dolor capitis me biennio iam tenuit qui nec moderato studio quidquam intenditur, nec otio quidem multum remittitur, denique est eiusmodi ut in ipso per nasum cruore, quo quidem naturae beneficio frequentissime utor, facile d ecidet et qudammodo evanescat. Anima certe quod merito deplorem suis vitiis et defectibus laborat, animus vero habet optime id est pacatissimus, et ad studia atque labores est paratissimus S. Est sane quod Divinae Bonitati plurimum tribuam, quae me praeter omne meritum a sacro fonte filium lucis et Sanctissimae Matris Ecclesiae voluit esse et permanere. 6. Ex quo vel nomen paene accepi seminariorum eorundem adhuc puerulus ardentissimo studio flagravi: ex quo quis esset sacerdos intelligere potui, eius dignitatem mecum ipse Imperatoriae praetuli et praefero (Deus scit quia non mentior). De disciplina collegii observanda det Deus factu exprimam quod amplector animo atque sententia, semper[?] profecto hoc est quod inquit ille perfectionis Magister Thomas Dek.[?] Qui se subtrahit ab obedientia subtrahit a gratia. Quare sic breviter concludo, Ego me totum Deo voveo, fidei Catholicae vel ad mortem tuendae et quad potero dilatandae consecro, denique saluti animarum sub imperio obedientiae et superiorum nutu omnia mea studia, omnes conatus, omnia consilia dedico et destino. Confirma hoc Deus quod operatus es in nobis Ad maiorem"Dei Deiparaeque Virgin is gloriam. SUMMARY

[487] WIGMORE Robert, 18 or 19 last Whit, son of William Esq., of Herefordshire, and Anne, daughter of Sir John Throckmorton of Gloucestershire; born at his grandmother's house at Kinsham,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

239

.Herefordshire (which now belongs to his father), 3 miles from his father 's home; brought up at home and educated by a private tut or until 7 or 8; later studied in the houses of kinsmen and at Hereford. When 15 was entrusted by his parents to an uncle who had lived long oversea, with money to send him to a seminary; was passed on by this uncle to a friend who was due to cross the sea'with his son; but was left behind by this man who was later killed in war abroad. Learnt afterwards that his uncle had been unable to keep his promises because he was no friend to the Society. After wasting 'a year crossed the sea with the aid of a Jesuit who was contacted by a paternal uncle in London; went to St. Omers with the approval of his mother, but against the wIll of his cheated father; entered the seminary on the recommendation of Fr. Antony Hoskin. Son of a Catholic father who, like many nobles, attended heretical worship once or twice a year when he came of age for the sake of his inheritance, but who later returned to the Church and brought up his children Catholics. (The respondent's mother belonged to one of the best-known families in England; she kept a priest for many years and at her death- after the respondent's departure from England-bequeathed him to her family.) Knows few of his father's kinsmen, who are mainly Herefordshire noblemen, some Catholics, others timeservers with Catholic families. Completed the course of humanities at St. Omers in 4 years, having entered the second class of grammar on arrival. Is healthy, and has not been ill since leaving England, except for a slight pain in the head during the last 2 years, which is not increased by study nor lessened by rest, but is relieved by the frequent bleeding of his nose. Has a tranquil mind and is keen to study. Always a Catholic. Has wanted to go to a seminary ever since he first heard the word; has desired to be a priest ever since he learnt what priesthood meant. Quotes The Imitation of Christ and Psalm 67.

1610 [488J Thomas Southwellus vero nomine Baconus, decimum octavum annum agens, natus Sculthorpii prope Walsingamiam in Norfo1cia, educatus honeste domi paternae usque ad decimum quintum annum. Parentes Ioannes et Elizabetha, quae a 4 annis circiter est mortua, pater superstes, nuper factus Catholicus, loco nobili natus, vir privatus, sortis mediae. Fratres quatuor unum maiorem, tres habeo minores, sorores duas alteram maiorem me natu, alteram minorem Inter quos unus solum frater est Catholicus caeteri haeretici vel Schismatici. Linni, ea civitas est N orfo1ciae, literis humanioribus operam dedi, ande post aliquot annos decedens Audomarum veni ubi studia illa busolvi.


240

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Vires corporis sunt mediocres, valetudine plerunque bona utor et usus sum nec unquam laboravi morbo aliquo periculoso, subinde tamen diliquiis opprimor, et capitis dol ore a duobus annis sum obnoxius. Semper credidi catholicam fidem esse veram, nunquam tamen fui Catholicus antequam Audomarum commeassem, quo pater meus tum schismaticus suasu quorundam Catholicorum me misit. Semper ex quo sum factus Catholicus sensi me vocatum ad sacerdotium et semper hoc firmiter decrevi studere, viz. sub disciplina collegii ubi essem usque dum superiores me mitterent in Angliam. Hoc tamen ultimo anno Audomari proposui et decrevi deo iuvante, si possum admitti, intrare in societatem Iesu. THOMAS SOUTHWELLUS. SUMMARY

[488] BACON Thomas, alias Southwell, 17, son of John and Elizabeth, born at Sculthorpe, near Walsingham, Norfolk, and educated at home until 14. Son of a nobly born father, a private gentleman of average fortune, recently converted to Catholicism; lost his mother about 4 years ago. Has 1 elder brother, 2 younger brothers; has 1 elder sister, 1 younger sister; only one brother a Catholic, the rest heretics or schismatics. Studied humanities at King's Lynn for some years before going to St. Omers to complete his studies. Usually healthy; sometimes suffers from a flux; has had headaches for 2 years; of average strength. Always believed Catholicism to be true, but became a Catholic only when sent to St. Omers by his then schismatic father on the advice of Catholics. Has felt called to the priesthood since becoming a Catholic; in his last year at St. Omers decided to become a Jesuit. [489]

[No Responsa extant]

[490]

[No Responsa extant]

[491]

[No Responsa extant]

[492J

[No Responsa extant]

[493]

[No Responsa extant]

1611 [494J 1. Respondeo nomen mihi esse Henrico Constable, viginti quatuor annorum, natus fui Everenghami in comitatu Eboracensi, v ariis in locis educatus fui, ut plurimum tamen Everinghami, Pocklintoni, Cantabrigiae, et Audomari.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

241

2. Respondeo Parentes mihi esse Philippum et Margaritam Constable Equites auratos Scismaticos. fratres habeo, Marmaducum, Robertum, Michaelem, Rogerium, Gulielmum, Franciscum. Catholicos Sorores Franciscam Scismaticam, et Ianam Catholicam. Cognatos, Barrones Sheffildios Haereticos, Georgium Broonum et uxorem equites auratos, et Gulielmum Landelium nobilem Catholicos; Thomam Mettamum Equitem auratum et Gualterum Rudstonum Nobilem Hereticos. 3. Respondeo litteris tantum humanioribus, mediocri cum profectu, locis in quibus educatus fui operam me dedisse. 4. Respondeo valitudinet corporis animaeque (deo gratias ago) et frui me et fruitum semper esse, nisi quod brevibus aliquando aliquot abhinc annis febribus interceptus fuerim, et communi reipublicae malo heresi laborarim. 5. Respondeo (ut supra dixi) Hereticum, vel potius Scismaticum aliquando me extitisse, fratris tamen melioraque sentientium amicorum percipiens inclinationem motu proprio Catholicae ecclesiae per Patrem Pollardum e Societate Iesu reverendum Presbyterum reconsiliatum fuisse, quo facto paulo post Audomarum veni. 6. Respondeo de vita Ecclesiastica me nondum quicquam certi statuisse deo illud, quemadmodum ad maiorem eius honorem et gloriam esse possit eius secuturus voluntatem commitens: tt HENRYCUS ROBINSON US. SUMMARY

[494] CONSTABLE Henry, alias Robinson, 24, son of Sir Philip and Margaret, born at Everingham, Yorkshire, educated in humanities there and at Pocklington, Cambridge and St. Omers. Son of schismatic parents; has brothers Marmaduke, Robert, Michael, Roger, William, Francis, all Catholics; has schismatic sister Frances and Catholic sister Jane. Is related to Lord Sheffield and his family, heretics; to Sir George Browne and his wife, Catholics; to the noble William Landel, Catholic; to Sir Thomas Metham, heretic, and to Walter Rudston, noble heretic. Healthy except for short fevers some years ago. Once a heretic, or rather schismatic, but through the influence of his brother and Catholic friends was reconciled by Fr. Pollard S.]. and went to St. Omers soon after. Has not decided to be an ecclesiastic. 1611.

1611 [495] Etsi testibus non opus est, (minime etenim dubito quin mihi soli fidem estis habituri) tamen ut omnem dubitationis causam adimam quamplurimos huius collegii alumnos testor qui me nomine Ioannis Simmons appellari satis manifeste norunt. Sequitur nunc ut de aetate loco nativitatis et educatione vos faciam certiores. Vt igitur


242

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

candide sincereque fatear novendecem t abhinc annos in pago quodam prope oxonium natus sum ibique dum rationis beneficio essem donatus a parentibus educatus, postea vero cum in decimum vel duodecimum annum adolevissem me litteris bonisque moribus imbuendum variis praeceptoribus tradiderunt. Mater autem animae quam corporis magis studiosa hac mea conditione non acquievit mirifice enim timuit ne animum iam tenerum haeresis suo veneno pollueret ac proinde mihi in Collegio Anglicano Audomari locum comparavit. Si parentum meorum status, vitaeque conditio vobis ut innotescat desideretis, sic habete. Mirum profecto est quanta sit auri argentique vis? quam acuta et intoleranda tela secum circumfert ut vix quisquam reperiatur tanta fortitudine tantoque animo qui huius invicti hostis impetus valet propulsare. !lIe patrem cum plurimis aliis affinibus a recto virtutis tramite deducens animos variis erroribus informavit: Mater vero invicto animi robore seque suosque liberos a daemonis fallaciis integros reservavit. Nemini sane vestrum ignotum esse arbitror me Audomari litteris humanioribus quatuor integros annos operam dedisse ibique rhetoris locum obtinuisse. de aliis vero inferioribus scholis quas in Anglia frequentavi verba facere opere pretium non iudicavi. Non magnum hic scribendi argumentum suppeditatur: quantum etenim ad corporis conditionem, me forti integraque hactenus usum fuisse non possum non fateri, ali quando vero vel ob caeli temperiem, vel nimiam corporis exagitationem cephalalgia laborasse. Quantum autem ad animam sic repondeo illam nunquam in pestiferum aliquem morbum incedisse quin sponte et voluntarie illum contraxerit. Hac de re multis non opus est, in superioribus enim nos omnes fratres scilicet ac sorores ab incunabulis catholica fide a matre imbutas fuisse lucide declaravi, nec vero ut memini quisquam adeo nefarius extiti[t] qui nos ab illa vel minis vel verberibus deterrere sit conatus. Etsi huius Collegii disciplina nondum mihi longa aliqua experientia fuit comprobata tamen cum certissimo constat tot praeclaros iuvenes earn maxime pietate et observantia custodisse, me idem facturum deo opitulante audeo polliceri. Quantum vero ad ecclesiasticam vitam, earn omni vitae generi longe censeo anteponendam, quique illam amplectuntur quasi compendiarium ad caelos consecuti sunt, illam igitur sortem (quam nunquam tamen coactus suscipiam) mihi spero quoque eventuram. IOANNES SIMMONS alias SILLINGERUS. SUMMARY [495] SIMONS John alias Sillinger, born near Oxford 19 years ago, brought up there until 9 or 10, then entrusted to various tutors; was sent to St. Omers by his mother who feared that he would fall into heresy. Son of an erring and money-loving father and a Catholic mother. Studied humanities 4 years at St. Omers, up to Rhetoric, and at schools in England not worth mentioning. Healthy,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

243

except for occasional headaches due to climate or excessive exercise. Always a Catholic like his brothers and sisters; never suffered any attempt to pervert him. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1611.

[496J Nomen mihi Iacobus Graftonus aliter Griffidius, patri anna abhinc mortuo Ambrosius Griffidius, matri adhuc superstiti lana Tomson: natus sum in comitatu Glocestriensi educatus in civitate Herefordiae, ubi iam inde a parvulo usque eo degi dum in Flandriam sum transmissus. Filius sum iam unicus: nam frater natu senior multis abhinc annis obi it diem suum: at a parente credo quod futuro sacerdoti aliunde consultum iri crederet, nihil quod sciam testamento mandatum est: parentes mediocribus fortunis, at genere et origine clariores: patruus Iacobus Griffidius doctor medicinae: amita lana Watson vidua et opulenta: cognatus Guilielmus Watson et fundo et pecunia dives: omnes hi et Catholici et superstites: nam de patruis Guilelmo Griffidio Laico, Hugone Griffidio et Richardo e Societate Iesu utroque quia mortui sint idcirco nihil dico. Avunculi Ioannes Tomson Schismaticus, latifundiis et reditibust dives, Franciscus Tomson e Societate Iesu Sacerdos. Sorores habeo quatuor, omnes aetate me minores, et Catholice educatas, at quid sit iis a parente demortuo relictum, ignoro. In studiis literarum iam inde ab infantia sum enutritus: linguam Latinam intelligo, aliquid etiam Graece possum. In Anglia dedi operam literis humanioribus in schola regia quae est Herefordiae: inde cum adult a iam aetate videbar esse Audomaropolim missus eadem quae antea studia sum prosecutus. Valetudine corporis secunda utor nisi quod, dolore capitis subinde vexari soleam: ad animam autem quod attinet melancholia me Audomaropoli quandoque afflict urn memini: scrupulis etiam vexatum unde arbitror melancholiam istam ortum habuisse. Conciones Haereticorum aliquando frequentavi sed cura atque industria matris a novem annis vel circiter Catholicae Ecclesiae sum reconciliatus per quendam Sacerdotem vita iam functum quem Herfordiae Dominum Williams vocitabamus. Sub initium regis huiusce Iacobi una cum centum et quadraginta plus minus aliis miss am iam audituris die purificationi Beatae Virginis sacro sum deprehensus, triduoque detentus in custodia sistor coram pseudoepiscopo Herefordiensi qui nos omnes ita congregatos deprehenderat. Ille posteaquam me in fide constantem comperit, etsi puerum, noluit tamen e custodia prius emittere quam darentur vades qui duobus post hebdomadis me denuo sisterent. Quare cum praestitutus eluxit dies iterum pro eodem iudice compareo, qui ab Ecclesiae gremio ad pestilentem Haeresim me traducere conatus ubi se nihil proficere intellexit, obiurgatum, increpitumque dimisit. Haec prima fuit tyronis lucta quam alia gravior excepit. Etenim aliquando post


244

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

cum cursum vitae solitum tenerem, scholamque adirem nihil minus expectantem me una cum commilitonibus decem Catholicis vel circiter qui eodem magistro utebantur invidus Episcopus nescio quo auctore impulsus e schola ad palatium suum accersit. Eo cum pervenissemus, primo quidem genus singulorum nomen ac parentes, deinde an parati essemus e mandato regio templa obire, concionibus interesse, tum quo auctore, qua de caussa, quibus inducti rationibus segregassemus nos ab ecclesia Anglicana sciscitatur. Ad quae omnia cum ita respondissemus omnes, praeterquam unus qui tempori cessit, ut constaret et Catholicos nos esse et in perpetuum fore, iratus ille quod in societatem nefandi sceleris pertrahere non potest scholae accessu prohibet, vocatumque ad se magistrum omni cura nostri penitus solvit. Haec nimirum parentibus antea cupidis caussa non exigua fuit, cur ad seminarium aliquod me transmissum magnopere vellent. Itaque duobus post annis vel non multo secus ex eo rum mandato Londinum proficiscor, ibique instructus pecunia a patre, literis commendatitiis a Reverendo in Christo Patre Patre Richardo Griffidio mihi patruo post interpositam duorum, triumve mensium moram adiunxi me cuidam viro generoso qui Angliae egrediendae licentiam obsignatam patentibus literis a consilio regio impetrarat. I taque partim huius opera partim pecunia mare mihi aperui, traiectusque literarum beneficio in Audomarense collegium admittor unde post annos quatuor et dimidium in literarum studio transactos huc unus a missione perveni. Equidem suscipere sacerdotium etiam ante egressum ex Anglia in animo mihi erat; qui mihi animus tunc fuit idem nunc est, et in perpetuum erit: Superiorum potestati me permitto quibus quandocumque libuerit tantam mihi dignitatem conferre, submisso tt animo libentique complectar: SUMMARY

[496] GRIFFITH James, alias Grafton, son of Ambrose deceased and Jane Thomson, born in Gloucestershire, brought up from infancy in Hereford until he crossed to Flanders. Only surviving son of parents of distinguished family and average means, the elder son having died many years ago; was unprovided for in his father's will, because as a future priest was not likely to be in need. Nephew of James Griffith, a Catholic physician, and of rich Catholic widow Jane Watson; is related to William Watson, a Catholic rich in land and money. Is nephew to William Griffith deceased, Catholic layman, and to Hugh and Richard Griffith, both deceased, Jesuits; is nephew also to John Thomson, schismatic, rich in land and revenue, and to Fr. Francis Thomson, S.]. Has 4 younger Catholic sisters. Educated in letters from infancy, lmows Latin and some Greek; studied at the royal school at Hereford and at St. Omers. Healthy apart from headaches; suffered from scruples and melancholy at St. Omers. At one time attended heretical sermons, but through his mother's care was reconciled by a priest now dead who


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

245

was called at Hereford Williams. At the beginning of the reign of J ames was captured by the Bishop of Hereford with about 140 others waiting to hear Mass at Candlemas; after three days in prison was brought before the Bishop who found him constant and released him after bail had been given for his reappearance two weeks later. On his second appearance was released with a reprimand after a vain attempt at perversion. Some time later was summoned from school to the Bishop's palace with ten schoolfellows; they were asked name and family, and whether they were prepared to go to church, why and on whose advice they had left the Church of England; all save one were constant and were expelled from the school. For this reason and others was destined by his parents for seminary oversea; two years later was sent by them to London and given letters from his uncle Richard Griffith, with money from his father; 2 or 3 months later joined a gentleman who had letters patent from the Council authorising him to leave England; was admitted to St. Omers and after 4t years study of letters was sent as one of the mission to Rome. Has desired to be a priest since before leaving England.

[497J

Verum mihi nomen Rodolphus Babthorpe Patrique est Matri Gratia Burnum. N atus fui in domo Patris nomine Babthorpe, ibique educatus; quae in comitatu Eboracensi est. vixi in urbe quadam nomine Knasbrooke quatuor paene annis quae urbs etiam in eodem comitatu est. Natus sum Parentibus e familia satis honesta oriundis, amicisque pluribus. Parentibus divitibus, si divitias Relligioni catholicae praeposuissent, multa enim pro fide sustinuerunt multaque perdiderunt, satis tamen ad honeste vivendum relictum est. Mater in carcere pro fide catholica quinque annis aut circiter detenta fuit, fratres praeter me tres habeo et totidem sorores omnes catholicos, et omnes in illa ecclesia natos. studui Duobus in Anglia annis in urbe Knaesbrooke Grammaticae, Audomari litteris humanioribus, Rudimentis Grammaticae, Syntaxi Poesi, deinde[?J Rhetoricae. Valitudinet usus semper finnissima, nulla un quam quoad recordor infirmitate impeditus, nulla animi molestia vexatus, aliquando tamen melancoliae deditus fui. Catholicus natus fui et in illa Ecclesia semper permansi. Ex Anglia a Parentibus studendi causa Audomarum missus fui et finitis ibi studiis a Patribus Romam miss us veni. Propositum firmum habeo disciplinam collegi accuratissime observandi ad Ecclesiasticam autem vitam nondum in me sentio quare a parentibus monitus ut convictoris in collegio hoc locum desiderarem quod Patri Antonio Hoskino Caeterisque ibi Patribus placuit, et vobis hic Patribus ut spero placebit. Q


246

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[497] BABTHORPE Ralph, son of Ralph and Grace Burnham; born and brought up in his father's house at Babthorpe, Yorkshire; lived 4 years at Knaresborough. Son of respectable parents of sufficient means who would have been rich except for their losses for religion. (His mother was imprisoned for the faith for about 5 years.) Has 3 brothers and 3 sisters, all Catholics since birth. Studied grammar 2 years at Knaresborough, and rudiments of grammar, syntax, poetry and rhetoric at St. Omers. Healthy except for occasional melancholy. Always a Catholic; was sent by parents to St. Omers and by Jesuits to Rome. Has not decided to be an ecclesiastic, so desires, on his parents' advice, to be a convict or, as Fr. Anthony Hoskin and other Fathers agreed.

[498J Nomen meum verum est: Ioannes Winsor patrem habui Eduardum Winsor, Matrem vero Helenam Wiborne non valde obscuros, natus sum in comitatu de Kent, ibique partim educatus, partim etiam in comitatu de Bucingame et etiam Londini ubi aliquantulum studui reliquo vero tempore domi otiose vixi. Parentes habui satis nobiles, sed pauperes, cognatos etiam nobiles, quorum aliqui divites et haeretici, aliqui pauperes sunt et Catholici. fratres habeo duos totidemque sorores, qui omnes sunt Catholici me que iuniores Studiis et literis humanioribus operam dedi quatuor annis idque Audomari Corpus habeo firmum, valetudinem integram Haereticus aliquando fui, et dum avunculus meus Sir William Winsor milites in Flandriam transportaret ego similiter cum illo et cum militibus eius illas regiones petii cum quibus ego ad aliquod t empus vixi, donec morbo correptus Bruxellas me contuli; ubi avunculus meus dum ad castra proficisceretur sub tutela patris Sherwod (qui tunc temporis Bruxellis degebat) me reliquit, qui et religione Catholica me imbuit: cum quo etiam dum rediret in Angliam avunculus meus me reliquit, i[biqueJ duobus annis vixi partim ut linguam regionis isti[usJ addiscerem, partim ut in studia incumberem: cum que ipse pater Sherwod I taliam peteret ego similiter post aliquod tempus in Angliam redivi, Londinumque veni ubi avunculum meum carcere mancipatum offendi cum quo in carcere partim vixi et partim domi cum avo meo, donec avunculus in exilium mitteretur cum quo et ego Audomarum deveni, ubi eius auxilio in collegio Anglicano locum obtinui, ibique tribus annis cum medio literis operam navavi donec cum missione Romam mitterer Ego per Dei gratiam ad vitam ecclesiastic am aspiro tt SUMMARY

[498] WINDSOR John, son of Edward and Helen Wiborne, born and brought up in Kent; educated also in Buckingham and


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

247

London; spent the rest of his life idly at home. Son of noble but poor parents; has rich heretical kinsfolk and poor Catholic kinsfolk. Has 2 brothers and 2 sisters, all Catholics and younger than himself. Studied humanities 4 years at St. Omers. Healthy. Was once a heretic, crossed to Flanders with his uncle Sir William Windsor, who was ferrying troops across the sea; after living with him for some time went to Brussels suffering from a disease; was left there in charge of Fr. Sherwood when his uncle went back to camp and back to England; learnt Catholicism from this priest, and studied for 2 years; returned to England when Sherwood went to Italy; found his uncle imprisoned; lived partly with his uncle and partly with his grandfather at home; on his uncle's banishment crossed with him to St. Omers and was admitted to the College on his recommendations; studied letters 3t years; was sent to Rome with the mission . Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[499J Vocor Cyprianus Shelleus, Pater vero Ioannes: Shelleus, mater autem Elizabetha Owen. Natus fui in Anglia in loco quodam qui anglice dicitur Mapledurrum quae domus prope abest a campo sancti Petri ibique maximam vitae partem duxi reliquam vero in Gallia et in Belgio in anglicano Collegio Audomari. De stirpe mea nil dicam cum plus de illa quam ipse siatist, fratres mihi sunt tres, sororesque totidem Catholicae fidei adictissimit Operam dedi studiis Audomari per quinquennium quemque progressum in iis feci literis superiorum Audomarentium plus constabit vobis quam scriptis me is Nunquam in gravem aliquem corporis morbum incidi quantum memini, quamvis saepissime in anno capitis dolore fuerim afflictus, animo sum potius hilerit quam tristi. Dum parvulus eram in haereticorum protexionet variis de causis saepe hereticorum c6nsionibust interfui, revocatus fui vero a peste illa opere parentis mei instructus vero in fide catholic a fui a sacerdote quodam in anglia qui dominus Hill vocatur et in illa fide firmiter aliquamdiu steti donec tempestate magna in zelandiam actus fui ubi ab haereticis captus et in carcerem coniectus, tunc eorum minis commotus semel atque iterum haereticas sermones audivi, quo in loco duodesim taut tredecim hebdomadum spatio mansi demum in Galliam veni ad parentem meum ibique reconsiliatust fui et in eadem fide firmiter hactenus steti. Deum optimum maximum unumquemque ad aliquod vitae genus particulariter vocare constat, cui vocationi nonnulli sunt qui nullo modo respondent dum aliud vitae genus amplectantur, constat etiam hominem difficulter admodum posse vocationem suam cognoscere, Haque cum sit adeo difficile cognoscere veram vocationem suam non ausim dicere vellem esse Iesuita, quamvis maxime arridet


248

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

mihi illud vitae genus, si non sim saltern deo favente sacerdos ero si deus mihi vitam concedat, tt SUMMARY

[499] SHELLEY Cyprian, son of John and Elizabeth Owen, born at Mapleduram near St. Peter's field, lived there most of his life except for some time in France and 5 years at St. Omers. Knows little about his family; has 3 brothers and 3 sisters all Catholics. Healthy except for frequent headaches; of happy disposition. When a child in the care of heretics, used to attend heretical sermons until stopped by his parent; was instructed in Catholicism by Mr. Hill, a priest; once, when driven to Zeeland by a storm, was captured and imprisoned by heretics, and attended sermons once or twice under duress; after 12 or 13 weeks there went to his parent in France and was reconciled; since then has remained constant. Wishes to be a Jesuit, or at least a priest.

1611 [500J 1. Verum mihi nomen est Ioachim Baal. Eodem nomine vocatur pater meus. matri autem nomen fuit Margerita Tomson. Natus fui in oppido quodam Suffolciae, quod Hadley appellatur, et ibidem per septennium educatus, postmodum Londini et Oxonii; hie quidem per medium annum, ibi reliquo vitae tempore, quo in Anglia vixi; ultimo medio anno excepto, quem ob pestem Londini tunc temporis debacchantem, septem mille passibus ab urbe, in domo qudam campestri, transegi. 2. quod ad propriam attinet conditionem: mater cum ultimum obiret diem, testamento mihi reliquit domum quandam, cum fundo. quis aut em sit unius vel alterius valor et aestimatio, prorsus ignoro. Pater est mediae sortis homo, fuitque antequam ad veram fidem converteretur, satis dives habitus (ab iis, qui quae sunt verae divitiae ignorant.) post conversionem autem, spoliatus est iis quibus antea fruebatur vitae subsidiis, nunquam tamen defuit ad vitam honeste transigendam, nisi his ultimis annis, quibus tantum debacchata est haeresis; quibus multa propter fidem passus est. cius amici sunt omnes ad unum (quod scio) haeretici, de matris (quae me adhuc parvulo mortua est) amicis et consanguineis, nihil scio. credo tamen omnes esse haereticos, ut fuit ipsa. Novercam habeo nomine Elizabetham Standen catholicam et consanguine am Domini Antonii Standeni. fratres et sorores, quos habeo (habeo autem quatuor omnes me iuniores) sunt omnes Catholici, et Catholice educantur. 3. In Anglia Oxonii, et Londini, in Belgio Audomari operam dedi litteris humanioribus. In Hispania Hispali Logicae et Philosophiae


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

249

biennium et amplius impendi, cum aliquo fruetu, licet cum minore quam ipse desiderabam et alii exspectabant. 4. Corporis aegritudinem nullam sentio (Deo sit laus) neque sentio ex quo veni ex Anglia, ullam quae aegritudo dici posset, aut morbus. Anima, ob praedominantem in corpore atram bilem, saepe ex illa parte infestatur. 5. Usque ad decimum aut circiter annum fui ab haereticis haeretice educatus, patre tandem converso, receptus sum in Catholicae Romanaeque Ecclesiae gremium a patre Barrows, qui tunc temporis vivebat Londini in carcere qui Clink nominatur. Nihil peculiare circa hoc negotium mihi contigit. Ex Anglia furto, ut fere omnes solent, egressus sum, et Audomarum veni, ubi quatriennium in Grammaticae et Rhetoricae studiis transegi, inde in Hispalim missus sum; inde post tres annos ac totidem menses partim in studiis par tim in religione transactos Audomarum sum reversus unde nunc tandem venio, muItum terris iactatus et alto. 6. De vita Ecclesiastica dico hanc esse quam quaesivi, et (si altius ascendere non potuero) hanc esse, quam diligit anima mea: haec mihi desiderabilis super aurum et lapidem pretiosum multum, dulcior super mel et fayum. Disciplinam Collegii inviolatam semper servare promitto. quod si per humanam fragilitatem verbo vel facto, etiam minima in re contra leges peccaverim cuivis paenae, cuivis supplicio libentissime subiacebo: Et si per malitiam quidquam egero vel molitus fuero quod ad Collegii disciplinam non dico violandam aut perturbandam, sed ulla ratione laedendam pertineat: non solum tanquam seditiosus, et publicae quietis perturbator, sed tanquam omnium bipedumimmo quadrupedum nequissimus severissimis paenis castigari; atque e collegio, quid dixi e collegio? ex omnium hominum consortio tan quam indignus qui inter homines vitam agat, in silvas ad vitam inter bruta animalia transigendam, exturbari minime recuso. Atque ut nemo hic fuci aut fallaciae quidquam suspicetur, his quae ad singula quaestionum capita respondi, iureiurando fidem facere paratus sum, quando et ubicunque Reverendis Patribus Superioribus visum fuerit. Nunc subscripto nomine, quam possum, fidem facio. IOACHIMUS ANTONIUS BAssETTus

Ad maiorem Dei gloriam SUMMARY

[500] BAAL Joachim, alias Joachim Antony Basset; son of Joachim and Margaret Thomson; born at Hadleigh, Suffolk, and brought up there until 7; studied humanities at Oxford for half a year; studied also at London where he lived until the year before his departure from England, when he withdrew to a country house 7 miles from the city to avoid the plague. Inherited a house and farm, of uncertain value, from his mother who died when he was a child. Son of a middle class father who was rich before his conversion but has lost much in these recent years of raging heresy. Has mainly


250

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

heretical kinsfolk; is stepson to Elizabeth Standen, a Catholic kinswomen of Sir Anthony. Has 4 younger siblings, all Catholics. Healthy since leaving England; suffers from a predominance of black bile. Was educated as a heretic until about 9; on his father's conversion was reconciled by Fr. Barrows, then in the Clink. Left England secretly, spent 4 years studying grammar and rhetoric at St. Omers; was sent to Seville where he spent two years in unrewarding study of philosophy and theology, and one year and three months in religion; returned to St. Omers and has come thence to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic if he can go no higher. If he disturbs College discipline he should be driven out to the woods as being the worst of quadrupeds. [501J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[502J Laurentius Martinus natus Melfordii in Suffolcia ibique maxima parte aetatis educatus Ortus sum a parentibus generosis nullo reipublicae munere fungentibus; at suis bonis, parum iam iniuria temporis, debilitatis. fruentibus. Unam habeo sororem unum que fratrem ex parte patris, ambos catholicos, cognatos habeo varios eosdemque catholicos. dedi a prima aetate operam studiis humanioribus. scilicet latinitati, usque ad decimum quintum in Suffolcia, reliqua aetatis parte Audomari in Belgia. progressus feci mediocres Quod ad valitudinemt corporis spectat, valitudinet utebar firma quamdiu in Anglia mansi. Audomari vero bis terve aegrotabam a quibus morbis iam prorsus sum liber: quod ad animae aegretudinem spectat morbos habui satis graves sed tamen confessio eos levavit cum paenitentia, iamque anima est eo levior. Qui vocavit parentes me vocavit, Deus nimirum, Ideoque authoribus illis catholice nutritus sum et ita semper educatus. Nihil vero adhuc passus sum pro fide. Statuo, favente deo Ecclesiasticum munus subire, et disciplinam collegii pro virili observare. Et etiam (quia parentis est voluntas ut ex ipsius expensis victilem solvere pro cibis. SUMMARY

[502] MARTIN Lawrence, born and mainly educated at Melford, Suffolk. Son of gentry who live on their own diminished property; has 1 sister and 1 brother on his father's side, both Catholics; has several Catholic kinsfolk. Studied Latin in Suffolk until 14, since then at St. Omers with average progress. Healthy while in England; was twice or thrice ill at St. Omers. Always a Catholic; has not suffered for religion. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Wishes his board t o be charged to his father.


RESPONSA

[503]

SCHOLARUM

251

[ No Responsa extant]

[504] 1. Verum mihi nomen est Nicolaus Waldegravus, annorum circiter viginti, locus nativitatis in Essexia est, qui Borley nuncupatur, ibidemque simul et aliis in locis ab ilio non procul distantibus, Plerumque sum educatus. 2. Parentes sunt mihi Catholici, iidemque nobiles: Paternae dignitatis nomen, dicitur anglice a squier, fratres habeo duos, et unum leviram non Catholicum, qui vocatur Richardus Wessonus. ordinis Equestris, sorores habeo et omnes, ut spero, Catholicas. Cognatum habeo Gulielmum Petrum ordinis equestris, quantum scio, non Catholicum, etiam Eduardum Waldegravum ordinis equestris non Catholicum, Gamalian Capell non Catholicum, Edwardum Sarott[?] Catholicum. 3. Literis humanioribus studui variis in locis in Anglia: nempe Londini, Chensfordii, Melfordii, Sudburii, domi, et aliis in locis, sed parum imo vix quidquam profeci; deinde Audomarum veni in collegium Anglicanum, ubi aliquos saltern, licet mediocres progressus feci 4. firma corporis valetudine, laus deo, ut plurimum usus sum, quandam tamen corporis infirmitatem a natura ut puto accepi quam, si videbitur, Reverentiae Vestrae voce tenus latius exponam, quem ad modum et animae. 5. semper, laus deo, Catholicus sum educatus. 6. Satis frigidum certe adhuc desiderium sentio ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam, ob difficultates nonnulias, quas Reverentiae vestrae sum expositurus, tt NICOLAUS PELHAM US SUMMARY

[504] WALDEGRAVE Nicholas, alias Pelham, c. 20, born at Borley, Essex, brought up there and nearby. Son of Catholic squires, has 2 brothers and some sisters, all Catholics; has one non-Catholic brother-in-law, Sir Richard Weston; is related to Sir William Petre, non-Catholic; to Sir Edward Waldegrave, non-Catholic, to Gamalian Capel non-Catholic, to Edward Sarott, Catholic. Studied humanities at London, Chelmsford, Melford, Sudbury, Borley and elsewhere, with little progress; then went to St. Omers and progressed as well as most. Healthy save for an infirmity which he will reveal, if asked, orally. Always a Catholic. Does not greatly desire to be an ecclesiastic because of difficulties which he wili explain.

1612 [505] 1. Cum iliud sit huius Collegii institutum ut singuli ad habitum convictumque admittendi siinceret ad proposita 6 capita candide que


252

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

responde ant et hoc mihi etiam imponatur ego me pro virili quam possum syncerissimet candidissimeque responsurum promitto. cum itaque prima de vero nomine instituatur quaestio, prima de eodem dabitur responsio. Antonius Lambe est mihi nomen, de certo autem annorum numero non adeo sum certus 21m annum egisse me arbitror, natus vero Cufouldii in Comitatu Hamptonensi, educatus ut plurimum cum parentibus in Sussexia. 2. De parentibus eorumque statu sic respondeo, in timore Dei ac singulari perseverantia et constantia vivunt qui nec bonorum affluentia extoliuntur neque inopia deprimuntur. fratres habeo duos, sorores quatuor, cognatos quam plurimos, sed haereticos vix memini ulios. 3. Humanioribus litteris in Anglia per annum incubui in iisdem autem Bruxeliis tribus et ultra impensis Audomarum veni ubi etiam in iisdem studiis triennio consumpto Romam petii. 4. Quoad valetudinem, nunquam me melius sensi quam iam hoc tempore, quid Romae aegretudinist habuerim scitis, alias prospera semper usus sum valetudine. 5. Ad hoc facile respondetur. Catholicus nunquam non fui, sed qoud dolendum est vix quidquam pro fide perpessus. 6. Quantum ad Ecclesiasticam vitam pertinet, hanc unicam mihi ineundam sensi. ANTONIUS LAMPTON US. SUMMARY

[505] LAMBE Antony, alias Lampton, c. 21., born at Cufaude, Hampshire, and brought up mainly by his parents in Sussex. Son of constant God-fearing parents neither rich nor poor; has 2 brothers and 4 sisters; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk. Studied humanities 1 year in England, more than 3 years at Brussels, 3 years at St. Omers before coming to Rome. Is healthier now than ever, though was ill on arriving in Rome. Always a Catholic, has hardly suffered for religion. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1612. [506J Verum nomen est Forster, sum annorum viginti, natus quantum scio in Suffo1cia in domo avi matris parentis non procul a civitate quae vocatur St. Edmunde his bury, educatus vero usque ad octavun annum in domo patris parentis iuxta civitatem vocatam Ipsige, ab octavo autem anno usque ad decimum quintum quo Audomarum veni fui semper apud matrem alias alibi in doctrina et virtute informatus. Parentem habeo utrum que supers tit em et catholicum, re satis tenui in tantis praesertim ecclesiae difficultatibus, genere tamen non omnino ignobili, Avus meus qui fuit patris mei parens cui etiam nomen erat Forster, obiit cum ego iam essem tenelius, ut arbitror me audivisse, catholicus, ava tamen ipsius coniux, quando eram in


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

253

Anglia, schismatica erat, et etiamnum talis perstet necne, nescio, Patruus meus nomine Henricus est catholicus bonus, hunc si excipias, praeter unum patrem haud scio an supersint aliqui ex paterna familia quos vel nomine voces catholicas, Avus vero matris meae pater cui nomen erat Rookewood simul et ava eius uxor mortui sunt ambo optimi catholici, nec multas novi ex eorum familia haereticas, Fratres habeo tres, sorores duas. Etsi non ignarus omnino Audomarum veni, utpote aliquid saltern quanquam parum id quid em a praeceptoribus haereticis dum apud avam patris mei matrem ut antea dixi essem, tum etiam ab ipsa matre deinde multo plus edoctus, est tamen profecto cur Audomarensi collegio doctrinam meam quantulamcunque habeo tribuendam censeam, ubi quinque classes quinque deinceps annis non sine fructu percurri. Est capitis quidam importunus dolor, qui iam a medio anno misere me subinde vexat quanquam iam remisisse se non parum videatur, huc etiam accedit totius corporis gravis quaedam molestia, prurigo inquam, quae etsi, iam, cum per quadriennium integrum ante vix unquam est passa quiescere, indulgere mihi aliquantulum videatur, non tamen etiamnum libera; Ad animam etiam quod attinet sensi non raro in confessionibus praecipue intentas ab illo omnium saluti invido molestissimas quasdam difficultates qui etiam iam videtur quasi nubibus obducere yelle aggredientem confessionem. Haeretica quaedam usque ad octavum annum quasi innocens frequentavi templa, octavo vero ineunte anno sum revocatus a patre domum, apud quem fui institutus semper in fide catholica dum Audomarum pergerem. Ego sane divina opitulante gratia prorsus statuo firmiterque propono tum disciplinam collegii pro virili observare, tum ecclesiastic a munia, ubi idoneus visus fuero, suscipere. BARTHoLoMAEus DARcAEus. SUMMARY

[506] FORSTER - - - , alias Bartholomew Darcy, born in his mother's father's house in Suffolk near Bury St. Edmunds; brought up until 7 in his father's house near Ipswich; from 7 to 14 lived with his mother in various places; at 14 went to St. Omers. Son of Catholic parents, both still alive and poor; when young lost his paternal grandfather who died a Catholic, so it was said, leaving a wife who was still a schismatic when the respondent left England; has a good Catholic uncle Henry but otherwise no Catholic kinsfolk on his father's side; has lost both maternal grandparents, of the Catholic family of Rookwood; has 3 brothers and 2 sisters. Was taught a little by the heretical tutors at his mother's father's; more by his mother herself; and most during his 5 years in the 5 classes at St. Omers. Has suffered from headaches for 6 months, which are now improving; for 4 years has suffered an itch over his whole body. Finds difficulty in confessing his sins. Until 7 went


254

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

innocently to heretical churches; was then called home by his father and instructed in Catholicism. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[507J 1. Ego, ut vere et synceret respondeam appellor Georgius Holtbeus, ipso die festo annuntiationis Beatae Virginis annum attingam vigesimum secundum, natus sum in diaecesi Eboracensi apud villam quandam, cui nomen Scacton[?J, haec distat ab Eboraco milliaria circiter duodecim. Annos egi circiter quatuordecim sub continua disciplina parentum; postea opera Avunculi Sacerdotis in Anglia traditus fui curae faeminae cuiusdam nobilis, filiae Comitis Vestmorlandensis. Haec post unum plus minus annum Audomarum me misit, ubi propriis expensis usque in praesens tempus me aluit. 2. Pater Robertus Holtbeus; Mater Margarita Bullocke uterque nobilis; ante duodecim annos per operam Avunculi Richardi Holtbei Societatis Iesu sacerdotis ad fidem catholicam sunt conversi (cum antea essent satis frigidi Schismatici; nunc (quemadmodum a variis auctoribus accepi) Pater, quod iusiurandum sibi oblatum ante medium circiter annum, repulerit, spoliatus omnibus bonis addictus est perpetuae incarcerationi, Matre cum quatuor liberis ex liberalitate caeterorum victitante. Nullos habeo fratres, sorores, nee -cognatos praesertim propinqua aliqua affinitate coniunctos, haereticos, paucos schismaticos. Antonius Metcalfus Iurisperitus ex parte Patris affinitate coniunctissimus et Antonius Holtbeus Avunculus -cum amita, quae cognominatur Franke multum pro fide passi sunt. 3. Quod ad studia attinet; traditus fui prima pueritia ludimagistro, cuius opera effectum est, ut satis expeditam et linguae Anglicae et latinae assequerer lectionem; caeterum postquam unum atque alterum annum sub huius disciplina consumpsissem, ex consilio Patris mei ad quinque annorum spatium incepta studia interquierunt. Postmodum contigit ut curae istius nobilis faeminae cuius ante mentionem feci committerer, quae me ad oppidum quod-dam nominatum knayseburrow transmisit informandum a magistro quodam propter methodum docendi notatissimo hic ubi vix medium annum in studiis posuissem, domum protinus revocatus ad collegium Audomarense missus fui, cui quod in praesenti et in lingua latina et in graeca possum praestare acceptum refero. 4. Vt varium fuit caeli temperamentum sub quo vixi, ita et v aria fuit corporis tum aegritudo tum valetudo. Si quidem quamdiu in Anglia mansi ea semper usus sum corporis sanitati ut vix unquam vel minimum capitis dolorem senserim, tantae praeterea [erJant eiusdem vires ac robur ut nulla vel caeli iniuria vel aeris mutatio posset concutere: Post quam vero Audomarum veni, earn expertus sum loci naturam quae febribus mihi ingenerandis esset infesta tum ferme quotannis graviore aut leviore implicitus aliquod -passus sum studio rum detrimentum, Harum caussam nullam existimo potiorem fuisse quam exercitia vehementiora quae cum hie


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

255

laxiora nec adeo [violent a] reperiantur spero fore ut valetudo confirmetur potius quam debilitetur. [Accidit quoque] interdum ut tempore plerumque matutino post cubitum sentiam melancholiam quandam obsidentem animae ita ut difficilius possit sese erigere vel ad studia vel ad alia exercitia antequam dissipentur quidem humores qui tunc temporis aliquando infestant caput, quibus dispersis ilia ex parte ad quidvis agendum fit promptissimus. 5. Annum attigeram prope duodecimum ante quam ad catholicam fidem eram vocatus, quo tempore ita vixi, ut, quid haereticus quid schismaticus, imo quid catholicus esset penitus ignorarem, unde religionum omnium imperitus tamdiu in Iuto haesi donec aliorum auxilio fui extractus: quod ipsum, qua ratione factum fuerit paucis perstringam. Inprimis, cum Pater me us multos iam annos in schism ate consumpsisset, tandem aliquando (quod cohortationibus Avunculi Sacerdotis effectum est) ita animo perculsus fuit, ut quo commodius fidem catholicam amplecteretur, in Episcopatum Dunelmensem commigrarit, earn existimo caussam, quod Haereticorum omnium, quibus antea familiariter usus fuerat, oculos tam subita mutatione habuisset in se coniectos. Praetorii nomen quo commigrarat erat Stanlay sex miliiariis a Novicastria disiunctum, a Dunelmo totidem: huc ubi res domesticae vix adhuc essent compositae, venit Avunculus non alio credo consilio quam ut oves aberrantes ad Christi gregem adduceret, quod eventus probat; etenim vix tertium ibi commoratus fuerat diem, cum me ad se vocatum piis cohortationibus ad fidem catholic am amplectendam incepit sollicitare, nec mora quin protinus tam salutari consilio acquieverim, nam alteri sacerdoti (Patri nimirum Ia[c]sono) traditus, ut primis rudimentis informarer, proximo die ad sacrum missae officium audiendum admissus fui. Haec de vocatione. Ex quo Audomarum miss us fui, is semper fuit animus ut aliquando Sacerdos fierem, qui adhuc permanet, et, ut spero, permanebit firmus et constans. Reliquum est, quod ab aliquot annis amor et studium Societatis me ita incesserit ut totum me ilii animo et pectore dedicarim, itaque quorum me curae commisi, eorum etiam erit istis tt de rebus disponere. Ad maiorem Dei gloriam. GEORGIUS DucKETTus. 1612 SUMMARY

[507] HOLTBY George, alias Duckett, 22 next Lady Day, son of Robert and Margaret Bullock, born at Scackleton, about 12 miles from York; brought up by his parents until about 14, then at the suggestion of a priest uncle was entrusted to the Earl of We::>tmorland's daughter who looked after him for a year or so and then sent him to St. Omers, paying all his expenses. Son of noble parents who were converted from schism to Catholicism about 12 years ago by his uncle Richard Holt~y, S.]. (His father, because he


256

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

refused the oath six months ago, has been sentenced to life imprisonment and has lost all his property, so that his wife and 4 children have to live on alms.) Has no heretical brothers or sisters or near kinsfolk; has few schismatic kinsfolk. Is related through his father to Antony Metcalfe, lawyer, who has suffered much for religion; is nephew to Antony Holtby and a woman named Frank, who have also suffered greatly. As a boy was taught to read English and Latin in about 2 years by a school-master; then abandoned studies for 5 years at his father's advice; was sent by the Earl of Westmorland's daughter to a master at Knaresborough renowned for his skill in teaching; was recalled 6 months later and sent to St. Omers where he learnt what he now knows of Latin and Greek. Enjoyed unbroken health in England; suffered yearly fevers which interrupted his studies at St. Omers; hopes for better health here; suffers from melancholy, and a disinclination to study, on rising in the morning before the humours have dispersed from his head. Was ignorant of Catholicism until almost 12, when his father was converted by a priest uncle and moved to Stanley, 6 miles from Newcastle and 6 miles from Durham, to avoid notice from his heretical friends; was converted by the same uncle, instructed by Fr. Jackson, and admitted next day to hear Mass. Has desired to be a priest ever since going to St. Omers; for some years has felt a great love for the Society, to which he wishes to devote himself entirely. 1612.

[508] Nomen verum fardinandus Pultonus, natus annos viginti septem, locus nativitatis Borton, pagus, in parochia Buckingamiae; at que ibidem ad decimum quintum aetatis annum educatus, ex eo Londini apud Mercatorem per sex annos commoratus sum, inde Audomarum veni ubi per sex ferme annos operam litteris humanioribus dedi Parentes fardinandus Pultonus et Katherina; Pater Iurista; nobilis uterque Fratres, Franciscus, Egidius et Thomas Pultonus; Sorores Anna, Martha, Maria, Eugenia et Ursula Pulton; cognati Gabrielis et Robertus Iacmanus Haeretici, Studiis operam dedi a pueritia per 6 annos in pago ubi vixit Pater, cum tenui sane profectu, inde interiecto vacantiarum septennio Audomari studia denique inchoavi Corporis valetudo mediocris, animae, uti spero, bona, an animae status melior unquam fuerit nescio quamvis alias sentire videbar internas consolationes atque iucunditatem maiorem quam nunc temporis, fortassis ante ob integram mei in Deum resignationem Haereticus extiti ad vigesimam aetatis annum; ad fidem catholic am conversus opera Beati Patris J arratti mediante atque primo agente Anna Pultono Uxore fratris mei francisci Pultoni; propter fidei Catholicae susceptionem a Magistro Haeretico cive Londinensi


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

257

dimissus; Dum iter intenderem Audomarum ad studia in ripa Maris captus passus sum duorum septemamarumt incarcerationem P ropono ac desidero vitam Ecclesiasticam agere tt FRANCISCUS BROOKUS SUMMARY

[508] PULTON Ferdinand, alias Francis Brooke, 27, son of Ferdinand (a jurist) and Katherine; born at Bourton, Buckinghamshire, and brought up there until 14; lived for 6 years with a merchant in Londo]1; studied humanities 6 years at St. Omers. Son of noble parents; has brothers Francis, Giles and Thomas and sisters Anna, Martha, Maria, Eugenia and Ursula; is related to Gabriel and Robert Jackman, heretics. Studied profitlessly 6 years in boyhood in the village where his father lived; started afresh at St. Omers, 7 years later. Enjoys average health; is inagoodstate of soul, though once felt greater consolation, perhaps because of complete resignation to God. Was a heretic until 19, when converted by Fr. Gerard through the mediation of Anne Pulton the wife of his brother Francis; on being converted was dismissed by his master, a heretical Londoner; was captured on the seashore on his way to St. Omers and imprisoned for 2 weeks. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [509]

[ No Responsa extant]

[510J1 1. Quod ad nomen attinet, vocor Robinsonus, aetatis iam annus vigesimus secundus impletur 13 0 Martii proximo, natus vero londini, educatus vero ibi per 7 annos, item in Comitatu Hamptoniensi 7 annos, item audomari 7 annos. 2. Parentes non divites ad bene tamen vivendum accommodati Pater erat, Domini Iohannis Fortescuti equitis procurator in eoque officio mortuus est, mater vero 50 aetatis meae anno e vita decessit. Sorores iam nullos, fratrem unicum, cognatum unicum, neptem similiterunam, hic haereticus, illa vero semper Catholica, alios habeo cognatos de illis audivi sed ununquam vidi 3. Studiis operam dedi Midhurstiae in illis nunquam magnum feci progressum quod diligenter illis incumbere vere non potui sed potius practicis rebus deditus, semi anne Londini studui Reliquum vero tempus Audomari consumsi 4. Anima (ut a meliore parte incipiam) laus Deo optime iam valeo corpore similiter, morbum aliquando habui gravissimum, aliquando quoque ruptura vexatus sed iam maxime liber et sanus. 5. Semper Catholicus, et patre et matre catholicis, educatus neque aliquid unquam sum passus Religionis causa tantum a parte patris quod ipse sit aliquando passus. 1Included among the Responsa for 1610.


258

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

6. Infimum ecclesiasticae vitae ordinem saecularium supremo propono desideroque tam amplecti ac vivere secundam regulam ipsius, quam perfectissime potero, tt EDoARDus RODNEus

Laus Deo Beatae Virgini Mariae semper ac Angelo custodi meo. SUMMARY

[510] ROBINSON - - , alias Edward Rodney, 22 last 13 March, born in London and brought up there for 7 years; brought up in Hampshire 7 years and at St. Omers 7 years. Son of rich Catholic parents. (The father, when he died, was procurator to Sir John Fortescue; the mother died when the respondent was 5.) Has now no sisters and one brother; has 1 heretical cousin and 1 Catholic niece. Studied at Midhurst; made little progress because of his practical bent; studied six months at London and the rest of his time at St. Omers. Now healthy; once suffered from a grievous disease; was troubled with a rupture, now healed. Always a Catholic; has suffered nothing for religion except in the person of his father. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

1613 [511J Vocor Robertus Stanfordus, natus annos viginti et amplius: locus nativitatis fuit in comitatu Staffordiensi. educatus sum usque ad 16um aetatis annum partim sub parentibus, partim in locis vicinis ubi dab am operam litteris. Ab ilio tempore mansi Audomari, nisi quod semel revisendi parentes causa in Angliam remigraverim, ubi trimestri spatio mansi. Parentes sunt nobili familia; sunt (quantum ego scio) semperque fuerunt Catholici, sicut et fratres, sororesque, ac paene cognati omnes, praesertim ex parte matris. Humanioribus solum studiis operam dedi, idque vel in domo paterna, vel aliquo loco vicino quamdiu mansi in Anglia: reliquum temp oris transegi in eiusmodi studiis Audomari. Usus sum semper satis firma valetudine, quemadmodum et iam in praesenti utor. Semper fui Catholicus, quoad caetera nunquam fui dignus aliqua persecutione, neque memini aliquid notabile mihi accidisse. Decretum habeo vitam Ecclesiasticam agere, tt ROBERTus STAFFORDUS. SUMMARY

[511] STANFORD Robert, alias Stafford, 20+, born in Staffordshire and educated in humanities at home and thereabout; went to St. Omers when 15; returned once to England for 3 months to


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

259

visit his parents. Son of noble Catholic parents; has Catholic brothers and sisters; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk, especially on his mother's side. Always a Catholic, never persecuted. Desires. to be an ecclesiastic. [512J 1. Seposito iam ficto nomine Russelli, sumo quod mihi proprium est Io: Waldegrave. et quod ad aetatem pertinet vix adhuc vicesimum primum annum excessi, natus sum Buthorpi in comitatu Norfo1ci atque in eodem loco educatus et litteris imbutus sum. 2. Parens uterque superstes et (quoniam obedientia veritatem exigit) utrumque clara familia natum dico, nec dissimili ut spero sunt conditione, ambo enim ut arbitror catholicae religionis sunt propugnatores acerrimi. quod ad fratres et sorores attinet eramus in universum viginti quorum novem vix citius in lucem editi sunt quam terra obruti. qui adhuc sunt, omnes nnico proh dolor eoque natu maximo excepto, catholicis institutis fideliter adhaerent. Atque hic uxorem haereticam duxit eamque perversam valde et suae et ministri sui opinionis tenacissimam. lam tandem a pauco tempore melioris vitae instituendae spem dedit ut spero non dubiam. ex octo sororibus quae adhuc superstites manent quinque sunt nuptae viris natu maximis iisque catholicis probis. 3. nullis studiis nisi humanioribus unquam dedi operam in illa vero dum in Anglia versarer anglicano more per septem aut octo annos nullo vel exiguo admodum exhausto fructu incubui ex Anglia vero Audomarum annum aetatis circiter decimum quintum tendens in Collegio eodem Audomarensi quinque annos eoque plus in studiis magna cum utilitate consumpsi. 4. de hac regula non est quod multum dicam quod enim attinet ad aegritudinem corporis non nisi unica vice sensi. semper enim prospera utabar valetudine. De anima quid dicam nescio sed si aliquid desit spero fore ut spiritualibus medicinis sanetur. 5. De hac prima petitione vix scio quid respondeam nunquam enim haereticis opinionibus adhaesi, nee tamen eram in recta via. Qui erantemt in viam duxit, is erat pater Societatis Iesu nomine Stanneus nam cum Audomarum attegissem t studiorum gratia, statim ad Reverendum Patrem Stanneum missus eram a quo reconsiliatust studia in eodem collegio aggressus sum. 6. Proposui dudum ecclesiasticam vitam mihi sectandam etiamsi nunquam in me illius magnum sensi desiderium sed tamen spero fore ut Deus proposito meo maius add at desiderium. tt IOANNES RussELLus alias W ALDEGRAVE. SUMMARY

[512] WALDEGRAVE John, alias Russell, 21, born and educated at Buthorpe, Norfolk. Son of parents of distinguished family and status, both still alive and keen Catholics. Had 19 siblings of whom 9 died in infancy; all are Catholics except the eldest brother,


260

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

who married a stubborn heretic, but has recently shown signs of reform; has 8 surviving sisters, 5 married to noble Catholics. Studied humanities 7 or 8 years in England in the English way with little profit; went to St. Omers when about 14 and studied profitably in the College for over 5 years. Was only once ill. Never a heretic, but fell from the true path and was reconciled by Fr. Stanney S.]. to whom he was sent on his arrival at St. Omers before beginning his studies. Has long intended to be an ecclesiastic; hopes God will increase his desire. [513J Nomen meum est Henricus Thomsonus, aetas annorum 23ium natus in comitatu Hartfordiensi, loco cui nomen North Mimms, educatus semper inter haereticos in comitatu Bedfordiensi. Parentes mei nobili loco nati sunt, eorumque status nobilitati consentaneus sunt vero protestantes (ut opinor): duos habeo fratres, quorum alter est me maior natu, estque eques auratus, alter vero me minor natu, duae mihi sorores, altera annorum 13, altera 12 aut circiter; pater meus habet unam sororem, quae iam est vidua et habet filias quatuor quae omnes nuptae sunt quatuor equitibus auratis, omnes (ut arbitror) protestantes. Linguae latinae studiis a puero operam dedi, cum vero ad aetatem quindecim annorum perveni, ad Academiam Catabrigiensem a parentibus literarum causa simul cum fratre maiore natu missus sum, ubi annum circiter consumpsimus, quo tempore vix studiis operam dedi. Vt a parente audivi cum qua infans fui, saepius male valebam, et aliquando usque ad mortem fere, atque etiam in adolescentia mea bis adeo male valebam, ut de vita dubitandum esset, hoc tamen tempore Deo Optimo Maximo ago gratias satis bene valere me sentio. Haereticus semper fui usque ad decimum nonum aetatis annum, quando fui octodecim annorum aut circiter accidit ut frater meus maior natu Angliam deserere cogeretur at que ut ipse eundem comitarer ex Anglia egressi in I taliam venimus Venetias appulimus, ubi quatuor aut quinque mensium spatio simul mansimus postea fratri mea in mentem venit redire in Germaniam, sed mihi placuit Italia itaque relicto fratre Venetiis mansi circiter tres menses, tunc exhaustis fere pecuniis, inveni hominem Anglum, qui nescio qua de causa invitavit me Romam cum illo proficisci, et postea in Hispaniam, placuit consilium, loquebatur etiam de religione de iuramento quod catholicis in Anglia obtrudunt haeretici, mihique videbatur res plane illicita, mecum que statuebam nunquam tale accipere iuramentum, non tamen decreveram fieri catholicus, quia non fui instructus, venimus Florentiam ubi mihi meus persuasit ductor ut eo relicto Romam solus pergerem, feci. ad seminarium Anglorum potius necessitatis causa, quam religion is mutandae


RESPONSA

SCROLARUM

261

desiderio veni, locutus sum cum Reverendo patre Personio, qui me supra meritum tractavit, paulo post, divinae placuit providentiae ut gravi afficerer aegritudine, quo tempore Dei gratia fui reconciliatus, et factus catholicus, post duos annos in Angliam redii ubi simul cum sacerdote in suo cubiculo ob fidem catholic am fui apprehensus, et tenebar in custodia circiter tres dies tandem dato ducentorum aureorum pretio fui liberatus. Nondum mecum pro po sui vitam Ecclesiasticam agere, disciplinam Collegii observare omnino statui dum hic mansero, (Deo favente). . Laus Deo semper, Beatissimaeque Virgini Mariae. SUMMARY

[513] THOMSON Henry, 23, born at North Mimms, Hertfordshire, brought up among heretics in Bedfordshire. Son of noble and probably Protestant parents; has one elder brother a knight and one younger brother; has 2 sisters, one 13 the other about 12; has one paternal aunt a widow who has 4 daughters all married to probably Protestant knights. Studied Latin as a boy, went to Cambridge when 15 with his elder brother, stayed there with him a year but spent hardly any time at study. According to his mother was near to death several times as an infant; was twice in danger of death in adolescence; now healthy. A heretic until 18, when he accompanied his elder brother (then forced to leave England) to Italy; stayed with him 4 or 5 months at Venice; remained there a further 3 months after his departure to Germany; when running out of money met an Englishman who invited him to accompany him to Rome and thence to Spain, and who spoke of the oath imposed on Catholics in England; considered the oath unjust and decided never to take it, but did not yet become a Catholic because uninstructed; at Florence was persuaded to continue on alone to Rome, leaving his companion behind; came to the English College rather out of necessity than in order to change his religion; was kindly treated by Fr. Persons; fell ill and was reconciled; returned to England after 2 years; was captured with a priest in his chamber, and held in custody; was released after 3 days on payment of 200 gold crowns. Has not yet decided to be an ecclesiastic. TROM. STILLINGT. 1613 [514] 1. Cum nihil sit, in quo magis, quam in prompta obediendi ratione, societatis cuiuspiam disciplinanitatur, huius collegii habitum suscepturus, ac suave disciplinae illius subiturus iugum stabile primum verae obedientiae fundamentum iaciam, oportet: Synceret itaque illis, quibus ex obedientia respondere teneor, quaestionibus satis me facturum polliceor. Quod ad nomen verum attinet, vocor Thomas Oglethorpe, annum ago vigesimum: in comitatu Eboracensi natus, ibidemque in literis ut plurimum educatus sum. R


262

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

2. Parens uterque honesta familia oriundus erato Mater me admodum puero, ex hac vita, ad meliorem, uti spero, migravit. Pater nuper defunctus est. Statum ignoro penitus, utpote, qui a teneris annis praeceptoribus extemis literis informandus tradebar nunquam vel minimum rebus domesticis me interponere permissus. Condicionem Patris Schisma peiorem reddidit. Mater, quam a parentibus hauserat, veram tenuit religionem. Fratres habeo binos, quorum natu minor nuper conversus in collegio Audomarensi literis operam navat. maior haereticus est. Sororem unicam habeo. Avunculi mihi bini sunt natu maior Catholicus, minor haereticus. Patruus unicus, is que Schismaticus. 3. In Anglia tribus vel quatuor in locis literis operam dedi. Audomari paene integrum humanioris literaturae cursum peregi, ubi fructum, Deo, Beatissimaque Virgine iuvante, mediocrem feci. 4. De valetudine certi nil audeo asserere, hoc tantum, me in praesenti, ut spero et animo sano esse et corpore. Ruptura (ut vocant) aliquando laboravi, ex qua ope divina prorsus convalui. 5. Ad religionem meam quid dicam non habeo, nec enim haereticus in Anglia extiti, nec Catholicus, ad hunc siquidem quid pertineret nescivi, illius pertinaciam nunquam secutus sum. Haereticas tamen Ecclesias adivi, eorum cioncionibusquet interfui. Opera cuiusdam Avunculi specie artificii, cui fore dicebat ut darem operam, Londinum perveni, inde amicis insciis Audomarum missus sub Reverendo Patre Georgio Keenes piae memoriae primis Catholicae fidei elementis imbutus sum. 6. Statuo quidem, Deo, Beataque Virgine Maria favente, ubi dignus a Superioribus habitus fuero, qui munus tam sanctum obeam, tt sacerdotio initiari: Laus Deo, Beatae Virgini, Sanctisque Patronis. THOMAS STILLINGTONUS. SUMMARY

[514] OGLETHORPE Thomas, alias Stillington, 19, born and educated in Yorkshire. Son of respectable parents; lost his Catholic mother as a boy and his schismatic father recently; was entrusted to outside tutors from infancy and hence knows little of family affairs. Has 2 brothers, of whom the elder is a heretic; the younger was recently converted and is studying at St. Omers; has 1 sister. Has 2 maternal uncles, the elder a Catholic, the younger a heretic; has one paternal uncle a schismatic. Studied letters in England in 3 or 4 places; completed almost the whole course of humanities with average success. Hopes he is healthy; once had a rupture but recovered by divine help. In England was not a pertinacious heretic, but knew nothing of Catholicism; went to heretical churches and sermons; went to London at the suggestion of an uncle, on the pretext of learning a trade; thence was sent to St. Omers unknown to his family; was instructed in Catholicism by the late Fr. George Keynes. Desires to be a priest. 1613.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

263

[515J

1. Ioannes Armestrongus parentibus natus Roberto et Margareta Armestronge in comitatu Northumbriae ubi partim, partim in comitatu dunelmiae vixit. 2. Condicio sua et parentum sat tenuis, quamvis non inhonesta apud suos sit familia, catholica tota, uno fratre maximo natu excepto, de quo valde dubitandum videbatur eum nimium ad tempus se accommodare. consanguinitatis, et cognominationis suae (unus si dematur) sunt vel haeretici vel Athei, qui (ausim dicere) intra 60 milliaria Anglicana sunt sexcenti 3. Litteris humanioribus studuit hactenus, in praefatis educationis suae locis, inde Audomari sub Patribus Societatis Iesu ut proficeret ultra meritum meum divina gratia efÂŁecit. 4. Corpore firmus anima infirmior 5~ A sacerdote baptisatus ita semper permansit, a praeceptore semel in scholis publicis, quod templum haereticorum frequentare nollet virgis caesus, postea a Rogero Withringtono per duos annos filii loco habitus, atque tractatus. ab eodem dem[um] pecuniis instructus Audomarum transmissus. 6. Utrumque desiderium sen tit non vulgarem; atque utrumque dei gratia subveniente, disponenteque proponit. IOANNEs ARMESTRONGUS Alias STRANGIUS SUMMARY [515] ARMSTRONG John, alias Strange, son of Robert and Margaret, born in Northumberland and brought up there and in Co. Durham. Son of a poor and respectable family, Catholic except for his elder brother who appears to be time-serving. Has 600 kinsmen within 60 miles, all except one heretics or atheists. Studied humanities in Northumberland and Durham and at St. Omers with undeserved success. Healthy. Was baptised by a priest; was once beaten by his master in the public school because he refused to go to heretical church; was treated as a son by Roger Widdrington for 2 years, and sent by him with money to St. Omers. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [516J

1. Thomas Colles septendecim annorum, natus in Comitatu Wigomiae, ibique partim, partim in Comitatu Warwicksiensi, partinl Audomari educatus. 2. Parentum nomina Guilielmus Colles Maria Colles pater primo Catholicus, deinde schismaticus, iam vero catholicus, mater quam diu vixit semper catholica. fratres, et sorores omnes catholici, cognati et affines plerumque haeretici. 3. Studiis semper humanioribus operam dedi, mediocremque in illis progressum feci.


264

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

4. Corporis constitutionem semper usus sum satis firma, animi aegritudine minime turbatus. 5. Extra Ecclesiam catholicam mansi usque ad 12um annum, tandem a cognato sacerdote in Ecclesiam admissus fui. 6. Vitam disciplinae Collegii conformem (Deo favente) agere propono, quoad vitam Ecclesiasticam quia nondum ullam sentio vocationem certe respondere nequeo. THOMAS BUTLERUS SUMMARY

[516] COLLES Thomas, alias Butler, son of William and Mary, born in Worcestershire and educated there and in Warwickshire and at St. Omers. Son of a Catholic mother and a Catholic father who fell into schism but is now again a Catholic; has brothers and sisters all Catholics; has mainly heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities with average success. Healthy. Was reconciled to the Church when 11 by a priest kinsman. Does not yet feel any vocation to be an ecclesiastic. [517J Nomina parentum Rodulphus et Maria Miles, meum Franciscus Miles natus Londini educatus vero in comitatu Checestriensi per septem vel octo annos postea circa Londinum Pater mediocris fortunae eo quod nimis fuit in alios liberalis, prae[ciJp[uiJ amicorum eius sunt divites ali qui nobiles ali qui magis mediocres sed ex matris parte omnes nobiles et divites cuius nomen erat Maria Armstrong orta ex illa familia in comitatu Notingham, fratrem habeo unum satis divitem, sororem nullum, sed omnes amici et cognati cum ex patre tum ex rna tre sun t haeretici imo aliq ui obstinati puritani Studui aliquando in Nantwich in Comitatu Checestriensi aliquando Londini et postremo Audomari Fui semper bona valitudinet semel tantum periculose aegrotavi in Collegio Anglicano Audomari Fui usque ad annum decimum quintum aetatis meae semper cum haereticis versatus, deinde cum quodam Iuvene catholico mei amantissimo de religione sermon em habebam cui[us] sancta persuasione fui ad carcerem nominatum Clink adductus quo in loco sum reconciliatus nomen autem sacerdotis mihi excidit, cum hoc matri fratrique maiori natu erat notum libros meos catholicos abreptos igni comiserunt, eodem tempore propter pestem quae circa Londinum grassabatur missus fui, in comitatum kent et ibi haereticorum insidiis persuasus ad eorum templum frequentandum In ilio statu per duos vel tres annos permansi cum autem maturior aetate, iterum fidem catholicam in mentem revocabam, mortuo vero amico meo catholico; quo me verterem ignorabam, solum igitur ad Deum omnium adiutorem qui ad ilium confugiunt accedebam illum-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

265

que orabam ut ad verae fidei cognitionem me deduceret nec inanes ceciderunt praecest paulo enim post familiaritatem habui cum nobili quodam cui nomen erat Gulielmus Covet, et nepos reverendi patris Stannei, is me ad carcerem ad patrem Robertum monachum et iam gloriosum martyrem duxit a quo fui reconciliatus Anno Domini 1607 ut arbitror e tempore quadragesimae, a quo tempore contra amicorum suasiones minas et lenocinia in fide catholica perseveravi. sit Laus Deo. Post annum vero me ad carcerem qui vocatur Nugate conferebam in honorem Sancti Petri cuius festum erat ibi tunc temporis celebrandum et post du[0 ] vel tria sacra audita, satellites intraverunt meque cum multis aliis detenueruntt, quam cum audiebat frater ad Episcopum Londinensem accessit ad quem post octo vel novem dies fui vocatus, petiit bonus Episcopus an iuramentum acciperem, dixi me ignorare quid sit iuramentum, et denique plane negavi. tandem post multas alias inanes questiones fui liberatus ea tamen lege ut bis in hebdomada cum cognato quodam ministro haeretico de religione agerem cognomen to Eltono. Bonus cognatus ubi semel atque iterum ilium convenissem, parce inquit cognate labori tuo video enim te esse obstinatum, lib enter feci eique valedixi. Anno cum dimidio iam exacto, redivit in Angliam Pater Robertus, erat enim statim post conversion em meam expulsus secundoque captus atque in eundem carcerem nominatim Gathouse inclusus simul cum glorioso ilio martyre Patre Thoma Gametto, cui propter amorem et benvolentiam erga me valde fui obligatus cuiusque persuasione ad studia redivi, et unum annum in illis Londini privatim consumpsi quo exacto ex Anglia cum Patre Roberto Patre Broughtono eiusdem ordinis et alio sacerdote qui omnes erant tunc t emporis religatit, decessi, cum Calletum appulimus Pater Robertus in Hispaniam proficebaturt, ego autem Audomarum cum patre Broughtono qui habebat litteras meas commendaticias, ibi etisit indignus in Collegium a reverendis patribus acceptus et quatuor ipsos annos litteris humanioribus operam didit et ab illis Romam missus 6. hoc Deo favente Beatissimaque Virgine auxillitet firmiter propono ac saepe mihi proposui me societatem quandocumque superioribus placuerit ingressurum, interim quam possum diligentissime regulas huius sancti Collegii observare. FRANCISCUS MILES alias MUMFORDUS SUMMARY [517] MILES Francis, son of Ralph and Mary Armstrong, born at London, brought up in Cheshire and later for 7 or 8 years near London. Son of a too liberal father belonging to a rich and partly noble family; on his mother's side belongs to a noble and rich Nottinghamshire family; has one rich brother, no sisters; is related on both sides to heretics and puritans only. Studied at ~antwich, London and St. Omers. Healthy; was once dangerously ill at St. Omers. Lived with heretics until 14 ; discussed religion with a young Catholic who took him to the Clink; was there


266

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

reconciled by a priest; had all his Catholic books burnt by his mother and elder brother when they learnt the news; was sent to Kent to avoid the plague in London; was persuaded to go to heretical churches. After two or three years began to think again of Catholicism, but did not know where to turn owing to the death of his Catholic friend; prayed for help and became friend to the noble William Covet, a nephew of Fr Stanney, who took him in Lent 1607 to a prison where he was reconciled by Fr Roberts, a monk and future martyr who was banished immediately after; since then has remained a Catholic in spite of threats and bribes of family. A year later went to Newgate to celebrate the feast of St. Peter; after hearing two or three Masses was arrested with many others: after 8 or 9 days was summoned to the Bishop of London to whom his brother had gone on hearing of his arrest; was asked to take the oath but refused; was released, after vain questioning, on condition that he discussed religion twice a week with a heretical parson, a kinsman of his named Elton; met him once or twice but was allowed to give up when the parson saw his obstinacy. On Fr Roberts' return and recapture eighteen months later, the respondent was persuaded to resume his studies by Fr Thomas Garnett, the martyr, who was imprisoned with Fr Roberts in the Gatehouse; after a year's private study in London he crossed the channel with Fr Roberts, Fr Broughton of the same Order, and another priest banished with them; on arrival at Calais went to ' St Omers with Fr Broughton who had his letters of recommendation, while Fr Roberts went to Spain; was admitted to the College and spent 4 years there studying humanities until he was sent to Rome. Desires to enter the Society as soon as he is accepted. [SI8J 1. Nominor Richardus Dorrellus, decimum septimum ago annum, natus fui in ccrnitatu sussexiensi, domo Schotny[?J anglice appellata, ibidemque ad annum educatus, tum Londinum delatus septem illic cum parentibus annos habitavi, inde in comitatum Linconiensem discedens inter haereticos tribus circiter annis commoratus sum, postremum vero revisis ad aliquantulum temporis parentibus Audomarum studendi gratia veni, factisque inferioribus literarum cursibus Romam ad superiores missus fui. Parentes habeo catholicos at que honestae condicionis; item fratres ac sorores; consanguineos vero ex parte patris haereticos eius tantum sororibus exceptis; at ex matris plerosque catholicos, Haereticis ut plurimum praeceptoribus subfui in Anglia, ubi anglicanae grammaticae operam dedi, postea vero omnes classes inferiores Audomari percurri. Bis ex rnorborum gravitate acerrime afflictatus in discrimen vitae adductus fui, ceterum bona utcumque valetudine usus sum. Nullius unquam, nisi verae, Romanaeque fidei, ac catholicae


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

267

religion is cognitionem habui: opera quidem Reverendi patris Blunt Societatis Iesu collegium anglicanum Audomari ingressus sum, eodemque procurante Romam petii. Mirum certe in modum desidero, plane que deo adiuvante propono, non Collegii modo disciplinam dum hic mansero observare, verum et ecclesiasticam postmodum vitam amplecti. RICHARD US DORRELLUS alias FOWLERUS SUMMARY [SI8J DORRELL Richard alias Fowler, 16, born at Scotney, Sussex, and brought up there for a year; was taken to London where he lived 7 years with his parents, then lived in Lincoln among heretics for 3 years; after revisiting his parents went to study at St. Omers; having finished his course there was sent to Rome for higher studies. Son of respectable Catholic parents; has Catholic brothers and sisters, Catholic kinsfolk on his mother's side, heretical kinsfolk on his father's side except for aunts. Studied English grammar under heretical teachers in England. Was twice in danger of death from disease, otherwise healthy. Always a Catholic; entered St. Omers through the good offices of Fr. Blount S.]., who also had him sent to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [SI9J 1. Nomen proprium mihi Gregorius Colfordus est aetate decimo octavo decimo octavo adiunctis duo bus mensibus Antwerpiae natus Bnlxellisque educatus. 2. Pater et mater adhuc favente Deo vitam agunt parentibus haud obscuris orti, conditione satis prospera ambo viginti trium annorum spatio catholici: fratrem unicum habeo mihi aetate inferiorem, sorores, quinque vivas, et geminas mortuas consanguineos plerosque haereticos exceptis tribus 3. Graecis latinisque litteris operam cum in collegio Bruxellensi tum Audomarensi collocavi, in quibusque excolendis octo annis consumpsi. 4. Corporis valetudo semper utcumque mihi adfuit bona et prospera, nullasque ita excandentes animi corrpuptionest percensit 5. Circa vocationem ad fidem Romanam, respondeo ab infantia me in illa nutritum et educatum fuisse. 6. Difficilis hic respondendi locus videtur, saepius enim homo illo ipso instante non tantam a Deo habet sibi infusam gratiam quam progressu temp oris est habiturus: quo circa quo ad tempus praesens subscribo me nondum animum ita paratum ad ecclesiastic a munera subeunda habere, sed quid postea sim habiturus ignorem. GREGORIUS COLFORD US SUMMARY [519] COLFORD Gregory, 17 and 2 months, born at Antwerp and brought up at Brussels. Son of prosperous parents of distinguished


268

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

family, both surviving and Catholics for 23 brother and 5 sisters alive; 2 sisters dead; except 3 heretics. Studied Greek and Latin and at St. Omers, 8 years in all. Healthy. not yet prepared to be an ecclesiastic. [520J

years; has 1 younger has many kinsfolk, all at colleges at Brussels Always a Catholic. Is

[ No Responsa extantJ

[521J 1. Verissirnum nomen tale est mihi, mmlrum, Franciscus Wardaeus, decirno sexto aetatis anno, natus Bruxellis, ibique maxime educatus fui 2. Parentes semper, quantum recordatur animus, fuere Catholici, Pater nomine Guillielrnus Warde, mater Maria Warde, nobiles ambo. patrem adhuc Deo favente inter vivos mediocribus mediis versant ern habeo, matrem defunctam octo abhinc annis Amicos ex patris familia ut vereor partim Haereticos partirn Scismaticos paene censeo, ex Matris plerosque Catholicos, non ullum fratrem sorores quatuor Catholicas. 3. Bruxellis litteris humanioribus potissimum studui, partirn apud Patres Augustinianos per tres annos usque Syntaxin, partirn apud patres Societatis per tres annos usque Rhetoricam, inde Audori per annum Rhetorices cursui 4. Gravioribus morbi angustiis non unquam laboravi, lenioribus per saepe. 5. In Sancta matre Ecclesia semper me irnbutum affirmo fuisse, semperque Catholicum. 6. Non sentio ad Ecclesiasticum statum ul1am veram vocationem Quam postea spero Dei gratia impetraturum. FRANCISCUS

W ARDAEUS

SUMMARY

[521] WARD Francis, 15, son of William and Mary, born and mainly brought up at Brussels. Son of noble and always Catholic parents, the father alive and fairly rich, the mother 8 years dead; has heretical and schismatic kinsfolk on his father's side, mainly Catholic kinsfolk on his mother's side; has 4 sisters and no brothers. Studied humanities at Brussels, 3 years with the Augustinians up to Syntax, 3 years with the Jesuits up to Rhetoric; spent a year in Rhetoric at St. Omers. Never seriously ill, often slightly so. Always a Catholic; does not feel an ecclesiastical vocation; hopes to do so later. [522J 1. Matthaeus Bedingfeild annorum septemdecirn natus ac educatus Redlingefeildiae in Comitatu Suffoliciae


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

269

2. Uterque parens catholicus, similiter et fratres omnes et sorores, maxima dumtaxat natu ratione matrimonii schismatica: cognati plurimi catholici, pauculi tamen e praecipuis haeretici vel schismatici. 3. Dedi operam studiis humanioribus Audomari, progressus Rhetoricam usque. 4. Satis firma semper fui valetudine. 5. Semper remansi catholicus. 6. Dum hic mansero propono ac desidero observare disciplinam Collegii MATTHAEUS SILISDONUS SUMMARY

[522] BEDINGFELD Matthew, alias Silisdon, 17, born and brought up at Redlingfield, Suffolk. Son of Catholic parents, has Catholic brothers and sisters, except for the eldest sister who is a schismatic because of her marriage; is related mainly to Catholics, but also to a few distinguished heretics and schismatics. Studied humanities as far as Rhetoric at St. Omers. Always healthy. Always a Catholic. [523J Mihi nomen est Guilielmus Constable, viginti trium annorum, natus Evringham in comitatu Eboracensi ibique aliquando educatus. Pater me us solus est superstes qui vocatur Phillippus Const able eques auratus admodum illustris, reditus annui ipsius sunt tria millia librarum angliae. fratres omnes sunt catholici et sorores, praeter unam quae est extra catholicam fidem. Pater ad catholicam fidem a Reverendo Patre Fetherton societatis neupert conversus. Avunculus meus est illustrissimus Sheffil haereticus praeses praecipuus comitatus Eboracensis. alius avunculus Eques auratus illustrissimus Georgius Broune catholicus bonus et pius. Studui unum annum inter haereticos Beverlay, quatuor annos domi, quatuor annos Pocc1inton. postea vero cum ad annos septendecim perveni, conveni Equitem auratum Rodulfum Babthorpe qui a me petiit an vellem esse catholicus, respondi ita sic intra tres septimanas misit me Audomarum ibi quinque annos studui. firma semper fui valetudine. de sacerdotio futuro nihil certi possum affirm are , sed relinquo deo et Beatissimae virgini GUILIELMUS CONSTABLE SUMMARY

[523] CONSTABLE William, 23, son of Sir Philip, born at E veringham, Yorkshire, and brought up there for a time. Son of a distinguished father worth ÂŁ3000 a year, who was recently converted by Fr. Fetherton S.].; has lost his mother. Has Catholic brothers


270

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

and sisters, except for one non-Catholic sister; is nephew to Lord Sheffield, heretic, Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire; and to pious Catholic Sir George Browne. Studied among heretics 1 year at Beverely, 4 years at home, 4 years at Pocklington; at 17 met Sir Ralph Babthorpe who asked him if he wanted to be a Catholic; on answering in the affirmative was sent within 3 weeks to St. Omers where he studied 5 years. Always healthy. Has not decided whether to be a priest .

[524J Ego vero nomine gaudeo Cuthberto Reyno, annos viginti duos, plus minus habeo: Locus nativitatis meae situs ad fluvium Tesam in Comitate Durismensi; Darlingtono sex milariis distans, Gainfordum appellatur. Huic non tribuo nomen Civitatis, sed potius villae, pulchrae tamen et magnificae. Oxoniensis ibi Baccalaureus grandaevus et Calvino plenus nonnullos in tenera aetate constitutos adolescentes Grammaticis praeceptis instituendos curat, ego etiam sub istius regimine octo circiter annorum vitam cogebar agere; assuevi nunquam serviles seu sordidos labores subire, nonnunquam tamen torpescentes otio famulos ad laborandum instigare debebam et solebam. In vivis adhuc est Dominus parens nobilis quidem natus sed nisi fortunae mediocris. parens ipsa decem et duobus ad minimum ann is excessit e vita, tres iuniores natu fratres adhuc superstites habeo, sed me unam quidem sororem. praeterea nisi unicum patruum habeo, qui est Dominus Nicholaus Reynus, is habitat Rogermari, promogenitus eius est apud Regem gratiosus; nam regnante adhuc Elizabetha solebat singulis annis petere Scotiam, et Regem adire venandi causa, habeo multos alios amicos, quos quia sunt nisi mediocris fortunae computare non est necessum. Cognatus meus Cradoc agit ministrum haereticum. Dedi operam in Anglia Ciceroni, Ovidio metamorphoseos, aliisque classicis poetis apud istum Baccalaureum, de quo mentio facta est, in polonia navavi operam poeticis, et unum fere annum audivi Rhetoricam apud Reverendos patres Societatis Iesu Calissiis. Per Dei gratiam valeo recte, non tamen in polonia fui nunquam afflicto corpore, et in Anglia fui aliquando adversa valetudine; nam ut fateor ingenue nullus praeteriit annus, ex quo sum Catholicus factus, quem sine morbo seu afflictione corporis potuerim peregere. In Anglia morbus me invaserat, qui haerebat in pectore, et suffocabat spirationem, ita ut per istud tempus sine doloris passione anhelitum ducere non potuerim, in polonia vero, nunc febri calida nunc frigid a ad tempus affligebar, tenuit me biduum etiam in Germania morbus idem, quem dixi mihi in pectore haesisse Fateor coram Deo praepotenti, quod partibus haereticorum per ignorantiam adhaeserim, (Quis enim tenebris natus ex haereticis, et


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

271

inter homines corrupti iudicii educatus, a recta vivendi ratione non deflexit?) habuerim tamen illud genus hominum semper exosum, quibus Mater Dei et Sancti homines essent contemptui; illos vero duxerim observandos, qui Deiparae Virginis merit a et virtutes extollerint, existimans, non posse fieri, quin tenerentur homines ipsam diligere, quam Deus ita dilexit, ut filium suum unicum ex ipsa nasci, ipsiusque regimini annos triginta subesse voluerit. Non potui tamen intelligere quid sibi volebat praeceptum illud: Non facias tibi sculptile. Quod cum toties mihi ab haereticis obiectum esset, sicut illud etiam, quod apud eos tritatum est: Nihil, quod intrat per os, coinquinat animam, et alia, si dormit uxor veniat ancilla; non est bonum homini esse solus Sed postquam affulsit mihi divinum lumen super intellectus mei tenebras, quo potui dignoscere seu diiudicare inter virtutes et vitia (habitis etiam cum studiosis quibusdam catholicis de fide colloqiis) caeperunt haereses magis magisque mihi displicere. Tandem nuncio studiis, quibus operam apud istum Baccalaureum navaram, remisso, cogitassem proficisci ad Civitatem, quae vocatur Newcastle, et exinde Londinum ad quendam germanum fratrem, qui Regi inservit. Ecce, autem, Deus occurrit meis conciliis. Nam dum necto moras in illa Civitate Newcastle, quae est marittima, certior factus sum de quodam generoso et nobili catholico Domino, qui degit in Northumberlandia, qui cum fidem catholicam profiteri me yelle adverteret, et non haberet catholicum qui filium suum litteras doceret, rogavit me per quendam Hobsonum cognatum meum divertere ad suam aulam, et saltern ad unum annum apud ips urn manere. Itaque perfusus laetitia propter hanc occasionem tam commodam ingrediendi novam novae vitae rationem, istius Nobilis petitioni facilem me praebui; mansi apud ips urn duos annos, ubi per operationem spiritus Sancti, et operam Reverendi Gulielmi Sutheringi, qui est sacerdos, ego sum catholicus factus. Sed non dum quid rerum adversarum pro fide sum passus; nolui enim aperto meipsum obiicere periculo, iuxta illud, quod alicubi scriptum est: Qui creat sibi periculum peribit in eo. Coram Deo et Angelis significo Reverentiis, quod propter hanc solam causam, cum praec1uderetur mihi aditus ad Galliam seu Flandriam, Doverii, (nolui enim comparere coram ipso Maiore, qui diabolicum illud iuramentum, quod contra Summum Pontificem a nostratibus catholicis solet exigi,) ausus sum committere corpusculum hoc fluctibus Oceanis, nihil dubitans, quin divinum praesidium non deesset mihi, neque me fefellit opinio, seu spes in Deo collocata, nam cum naufragium passuri essemus, et nulla iam esset spes relevandae navis, petimus littus in navicula, summa cum difficultate; veruntamen ex illis nequissimis nautis, unus aperit buccam, interrogans, ubinam esset papista? At mox vi dens me, Tune, inquit, salvus et incolumis es, qui deberes potius submergi in fluctibus? propter te nequam papista nos Deo supplicium damus, et alapam mihi impinxit. Certe, si nauc1erus, qui habuit me sibi commendatum a Domino Henrico Reyno, Si, inquam non extitisset


272

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

mihi aliqua ex parte amicus, pessime fuissem tractatus, et fortassis in flumine submersus. Hac de re satis. Habeo in votis Ecclesiasticam agere vitam, si Deo visum fuerit, tt SUMMARY

[524] RAINES Cuthbert, about 22, born at Gainford on the Tees, 6 miles from Darlington, Co. Durham, a beautiful and magnificent village; was taught for 8 years by an aged Calvinist Oxford graduate who kept a grammar school there; has never been accustomed to servile work though he used to drive lazy servants to work. Son of a noble moderately rich father; lost his mother at least 12 years ago; has 3 younger surviving brothers, no sisters; is nephew to Mr. Nicholas Raines of Rogermare, whose eldest son is in favour with the King because he used to hunt with him in Scotland every year in Elizabeth's reign; is connected to a parson named Craddock. Studied Cicero, Ovid's Metamorphoses and classical poets with the Oxford graduate in England; studied poetry in Poland, and rhetoric one year with the Jesuits at Cadiz. Since becoming a Catholic has been ill every year; while in England found difficulty in breathing; in Poland suffered from hot and cold fevers; for 2 days in Germany suffered again from a chest complaint; now healthy. Was a heretic through ignorance, but always hostile to those who attacked the Mother of God and the Saints; was troubled however by the prohibition of graven images, and familiar texts quoted against abstinence and celibacy; grew tired of heresy after talks with Catholics; on ending his studies with the aforementioned schoolmaster, planned to go to his brother at Court; while at Newcastle on his way, was informed by his cousin Hobson that a noble Catholic Lord in Northumberland, hearing of his desire to be a Catholic, wanted him to teach his son letters. Accepted an invitation to stay with this nobleman for a year; stayed 2 years; was reconciled by a priest William Sutheron; has so far avoided persecution. At Dover was unwilling to appear before the Mayor for fear of being offered the oath against the Pope; set out to sea; was nearly shipwrecked and had to return to shore in a lifeboat. "One of those wicked sailors opened his mouth asking 'Where is the Papist?' Then, seeing me, he said, 'Are you safe and sound when you ought to be drowned beneath the waves? It is because of you that God is punishing us, you wicked Papist!' and gave me a blow. If it had not been for the master, to whom I had been commended by Mr. Henry Raines,-if I had not, I say, had a friend there, I would have been very ill-treated and perhaps drowned." Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[525]

[ No Responsa extant]


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

273

[526J Verum nomen mihi est Guilielmus Wardeus, aetatis virginti trium annorum die corporis Christi adventante, Heboracensis, cum ex ephebis excessi ab avunculo in aulam Regis educandi gratia missus. Statum parentum me omnino latet quandoquidem in domo paterna nunquam habitaveram nisi cum usum ration is non haberem, claris parentibus ortis, Catholicum fidem semper tenuerunt, fratrem, et sorores et cognatos praecipuos habeo Catholic os nonullos tamen cognato? haereticos. Dedi operam humanioribus litteris spatio quinque annorum, et quantum habeo inde hausi quoniam nihil penitus ante no vi quam Audomarum sum profedus, ubi illis studui. Quan tam ad valetudinem sive egraetudinem t corporis animaeve attinet tempore quid em elapso dolorem utriusque sensi, Sed modo neque corporis dolorem animaeve anxietatem reperio. A puero Catholicam fidem tenui. Maximum sentio desiderium ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam, tt GUILIELMUS INGILLBEUS. SUMMARY

[526J WARD William, alias Ingleby, of Yorkshire, 23 come Corpus Christi, left his parents' house before coming to the use of reason; was sent to Court by his uncle to be educated when he reached maturity. Son of always Catholic parents of distinguished family; has a Catholic brother and Catholic sisters, many Catholic and some heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities 5 years at St. Omers; learnt there all he knows. Now healthy, at one time ill. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[527J Nomen mihi verum est Humphredus Middelmorus: vigessimum iam aetatis annum adimplevi; In Saropia [?J natus. In comitatu Warwicii educatus, ibique domo paterna Edgbaston nomine litteris humanioribus instructus. Parentes ex claris familiis orti satis amplam sibi substantiam tum ad vivendum, tum liberos etiam educandos acquisiverunt. pater ad honorem de Esquire advedus vitam schismatis errore obfuscatam aliquot annorum spatio duxit postea vero delicti tenebras perspiciens ad meliorem vitae frugem sese revocavit in quo iam statu permanere arbitror, mater dum vixit firmiter catholicam religionem tenuit, fratres, sorores cognati praecipuique amici veram etiam fidem servant, suntque catholici In paterna domo, ut ante dixi studii, inde Audomarum proficiscens rursus humaniores peregi, atque aliquid inde utilitatis, uti que spero sum lucratus


274

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Prosperam animae valetudinem sensi et sentio, corporisque praeterquam minimo ieiunio debile fit et nisi quando anima gravis alicuius peccati labe inficitur. Ignorans quodam tempore adivi haereticorum templum, aliter semper catholicus vixi a patre Stannaeo fui reconciliatus, nihil unquam pro fide sum passus. Summo tum amore tum desiderio in vitam ecclesiastic am sum affec-

tus.

tt

SUMMARY

[527] MIDDLEMORE Humphrey, 20, born in Shropshire, educated in letters in his father's house at Edgbaston, Warwickshire. Son of rich parents of distinguished family. (His father, an esquire, was a schismatic for some years, but has now been converted; his mother, while she lived, was a constant Catholic.) Has Catholic brothers and sisters and kinsfolk. Studied at home; repeated the course of humanities at St. Omers. Is healthy, but is weakened by the slightest fasting. Once attended heretical churches out of ignorance, otherwise has always been a Catholic; was reconciled by Fr. Stanney. [528J Verum mihi nomen est Richardus Wigmorus. Ad decimum nonum aetatis annum, vel ad summum vigessimumt ultimo mense Aprilis perveni. Natus fui in comitatu Herefordiae, et in domo paterna, in eaque educatus usque ad nonum vel decimum annum, postea vero missus fui ad scolas divers as ut litteris humanioribus operam na varem, et hoc spatio quinque annorum. Parentes ex ampla familia, clarisque parentibus orti sunt. Pater honorem armigeri adeptus est; ipsius status ac conditio quamvis satis ad vivendum ampla et copiosa sit, quippe quingentarum librarum Anglicanarum per annum ad minimum nihilominus tamen ad tot liberos, viginti nimirum sed quindecim solummodo iam in vivis existentes, sustentandos, et educandos vix sufficere potest. Pater a prima (ut arbitror) aetate usque ad vigessimumt vel vigessimumt quartum annum catholicam religionem amplectabatur, postea vero, grassante et instante magis magisque in dies, persecutione a perfecta Ecclesiae unione descivit, et in schismatis errore ad hoc usque tempus vitam suam traduxit iamque traducit. Mater vero ad mortem usque constantissima in fide catholic a permansit. Reliqui fratres et sorores omnes, una cum avunculis, excepto uno, firmissime semper religion em Catholicam tenuerunt, et iam tenent. Postquam perveneram ad decimum quintum annum aetatis meae, parentum et amicorum admonitu profectus sum Audomarum, ubi spatio fere quinque annorum literis humanioribus vacavi, non mediocri. deo adiuvante, profectu cum nihil antea sciverim


RESPONSA

SCHOL ARUM

275

Quoad egritudinemt corporis et animae, utramque aliquando graviter sensi, sed nunc (Deo Optimo Maximo honor et gloria) neutrius dolorem vel minimum reperio Quantam ad hoc punctum nihil horum mihi unquam accidit. nisi quod semel incarceratus fuerim, spatio unius mensis quod nollem accipere iuramen tum Semper fere ab illo tempore quo perveni Audomarum habui intentionem ad vitam Ecclesiasticam, eandemque iam retineo, et propono (deo volent e) me facturum quantum in me est ut possim (etsi indignus) tandem aliquando ad praestantissimam illam Sacerdotis dignitatem pervenire. tt RICHARDUS CAMPIANUS SUMMARY

[528] WIGMORE Richard, alias Campian, 18 or 19 last April, born in his father's house in Herefordshire and brought up there until 8 or 9; sent during 5 years to various schools to learn letter . Son of parents of distinguished family. (His father, an esquire, has ÂŁ500 a year, which is scarcely enough to educate his children, of whom 15 survive out of 20; he was a Catholic until 19 or 20, then became a schismatic as persecution increased, and has not repented . The respondent's mother was a Catholic until her death, as are all his brothers, sisters, and uncles except one.) When 14 went to , t o Omers on his family's advice, and studied humanities 5 years ; learnt there all he knows. Now healthy, formerly ill. Was once imprisoned for a month for refusing the oath. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic since going to St. Omers. [529] 1. De vero meo nomine omnibus ut put em constat quoniam dum in Collegiis et extra conversatus fuerim nunquam illud permutaverim ultimo hoc anno dempto videlicet Rob: Personius. De aetate et loco nativitatis non ita liquide apparet, tamen pro ut coniectura pertingere valeam inter 26um et 27um annum, locus nativitatis villa Wallpolensis ab Urbe Aquaepontanensi tribus miliaribus distans in comitatu Somersettensi. Educatio fuit semper in litteris. 2. Patrem habui Thomam Personium, et an habeam modo, non sum certus, cuius status et conditio minime mihi est perspecta praeterquam quod ex amicis et cognatis intellexi nimirum ipsum rentarium esse, et vereor ne dicam ego usurarium eo quod divitiis sedulo inhiat. fuit ex praecipuis Opidit illius quod vocatur Neatherstoay et ut ego modo iudico ex meliori sorte illorum qui nominantur yeaman quamvis dominus semper appellabatur Schismaticus fuit ut quidem dicunt. Matrem habui Mariam Blunt viduam divitem 20 plus minus circiter annos mortuam. fratres proprios nullos habui. Sorores duas, haereticas ni fallor. A vunculos catholicos duos,


276

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

quorum unus modo obiit religiosus Pater Robertus Personius. alter laicus et matrimoniali vinculo astrictus Georgius videlicet Personius in flandria degens vitam: reliqui omnes tam cognati quam cognatae qui ab hac parte Oceani vitam degunt sunt Catholici, qui autem in Anglia Avunculi et cognati (quos novi) sunt haeretici. 3. Studia mea extra Collegia humaniores litterae semper fuere, progressus vero nulli aut certe parvi donec Collegia sim ingressus ubi 12 plus minus emolumento mediocri consumpsi annos 4. Mediocri (haud fallor) pro maiori ex parte valetudine tum corporis tum animae sum usus, licet valetudinem animae frequentius debuissem spectare. Quod ad praesens autem (Laus Deo) non magni discriminis est quo ad sanitatem meliorem utriusque. 5. Haereticus ex Anglia in Flandriam eductus fui ubi in Collegio Audomarensi opere et charitate Reverendi Patris Georgii Keni Catholicae Sanctae Ecclesiae reconsiliatus fui. Huius caussae Sanctae necdum quidquam sum passus, quod ut spero eo plura remanent tolleranda cum sese praebuerit occasio Deoque ipsi Optimo Maximo placuerit. 6. De proposito vero ac desiderio quod sentio erga vitam hanc Ecclesiasticam peragendam quam tam bonis auspiciis inivi ardentissime sane rapior tt ROB:

PERSONIUS.

SUMMARY

[529] PERSONS Robert-so known until this year-son of Thomas and Mary Blount, between 25 and 26, born probably at Walpole 3 miles from Bridgwater in Somerset. Does not know whether his father is alive; thinks he is a rentier, perhaps an usurer, because he is very avaricious; knows that he was one of the principal yeomen of Nether Stowey, probably a schismatic. Lost his mother, a rich widow, 20 years ago. Is nephew to the late Fr. Robert Persons, and to George Persons who is a married Catholic living in Flanders; has Catholic kinsfolk on the continent and heretical kinsfolk in England. Studied humanities with little progress until he entered the colleges where he spent about 12 years with average success. Enjoys average health. Left England a heretic; was taken to St. Omers and reconciled by Fr. George Keynes; has not suffered for the faith but hopes to do so. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[530J

[ N o Responsa extantJ

[531J Nomen est Edovardus Bedingfeild, viginti fere sum annorum, locus nativitatis est Redlingfeild in comitatu Suffalciae, Educatio mea erat cum parentibus domi, donec missus fui Audomarum ubi fui educatus in collegio donec propter aegretudinem t coactus fui redire deinde reversus fui Lovanium et sic huc.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

277

Parentes sunt catholici ambo vivunt, eorum status ut communiter cum Catholicis qui persecutionem patiuntur, Conditio eorum est mediocris, id est secundum nos generosi terra eorum quae est in Redlingfeild, quamque solam habent, aestimatur quatuor contorumt librorum anglicanorum per annum Fratres sumus quinque sorores tres, cognati praecipui sunt Henricus Bedingfeild Miles, schismaticus, et Henricus Wortonus[?J generosus catholicus. Operam dedi studiis humanioribus nisi proximo anne logicae non autem finivi cursum, Humanioribus Audumari Logicae vero Lovanii operam dedi. lam satis bene valeo, aegritudines habui audumari, ut febres, non autem alias. Divina gratia et parentum cura, haereticus nec Schismatic us un quam fui. nec aliquid acciderunt mihi circa illud nec aliquid acciderit mihi circa illud nec aliquid passus fuL Rabui propositum ac desirium t SUMMARY

[531] BEDINGFELD Edward, about 20, born at Redlingfield, Suffolk, brought up by his parents at home; sent to St. Omers; forced to return through illness; went back to Louvain and so hither. Son of surviving Catholic parents, gentry, whose lands at Redlingfield are worth ÂŁ400 a year; has 4 brothers and 3 sisters, is related to Sir Henry Bedingfeld and Henry Worton, Catholic gentleman. Studied humanities at St. Omers, and part of logic at Louvain. Is now healthy; had fevers at St. Omers but not elsewhere. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Octobris vicesimo quinto 1614. [532J Vocor Robertus Grosvenour alias Gravener, aetatis triginta duorum annorum et amplius, videlicet a festo Sanctorum Apostolorum Philippi et Iacobi ultime elapso; natus Carltonii in parochia de Rothwell iuxta Wakefeild in Comitatu Eboraci; educatus domi apud matrem et vitricum usque ad decimum septimum annum aetatis meae, vel circiter. deinde londini tribus Annis cum dimidio vacabam ad studia Iuris in novo Hospicio extra barras Templi : per hoc tempus fui conversus ad fidem cath: qui duobus annis non d [uJm elapsis Wakefe[ildJi eram incarceratus, deinde liberatus, sed post sex menses iterum Eboraci in carcerem coniectus, unde adhuc sub custodia remanens in fine sex septimanarum eram remotus usque ad Hull in dicto Comitatu Eboraci, ubi r[emanJsi [feJre duobus integris Annis: postea liberatus, sed interim ad opus Regis duae partes terrarum quas reliquit mihi pater fuerunt seiseitae et concessae alteri per literas patentes, quousque inde ducentae et sexaginta librae fuerint plenarie soluta, secundum Statutum illud, quod vult ut omnes Catholici solvant x ... 1 pro singulis mensibus ReculOne or two letters missing in tom margin of MS.

s


278

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

santiae meae. His ita existentibus tandem contuli me inservire Comiti Salopiae, apud quem vixi, quousque vendidi illas terras et honestis aliquibus condicionibus omnia fuerant pacificata inter me et quosdam qui emerant illas prius, a quibus causa Recusantiae meae (ante idque inserviebam praedieto comiti) pessime tractabar. Pater mortuus est a xxvi Annos cuius pater erat frater Iunior et secundus ex viginti duobus ex Antiquissima familia de Bellaport in Comitatu Salopiae, sed iam pene interiit antiqua sedes a nomine occasione infortuna ultimi heredis qui consumpsit male viginti mille libras sterling circa confectionem ferri, et instrumentorum ferreorum omnis generis. habeo cognatum vocatum Gravener de Eaton boate in Cestria qui potest dispendere duo mille librarum Annuatim, et habeo alterum vocatum Gravener de Prand in Comitatu Salopiae, qui iam est proximus heres anti quae nostrae familiae, sed non habet ultra trecentas libras per annum in terris. ex parte matris meae habeo plures Catholicos et heriticos generosos cognatos quorum duo catholici, unus vocatur middleton de Stockhill in Comitatu Eboraci et potest dispendere duo mille libras saltern, et alter Gascoigne de Barmbowe qui habet in terris mille libras. nomen matris meae est Malte, antiqua familia in Comitatu Eboraci • • • • 1 habuit illa duos fratres ambos Catholicos et incarceratos wisbiehl, et aliis pluribus locis. Est mihi frater ex materna parte vocatus Hunt de Carlton, qui multa passus est pro Religione, et alium fratrem sacerdotem saecularem vocatum Gilbert Hunt, is studuit Duaci, et strenue se gessit pro fide Catholica unam habeo sororem Catholicam, innuptam, et alteram ante nuptam et fratrem item, sed me iuniorem, et ambos haereticos Tertio fuit nupta mater mea, primo Hunt secundo patri meo, tertio cuidam generoso vocato Bland qui fuit in matrimonio iunct[usJ per viginti unum annos. is est dives, nequiter admodum et inhoneste fecit mihi usque ad summam mille librarum cum dimidio ad minus, et item cum reliquis fratribus meis, sed quod est multo deterius, non vult permittere matrem meam ullo modo catholice vivere. A quo decessi a Comite praedicto accinxi me ad studia Grammaticis Audomari sed parum, un de calleD parum non fui ibi per octo menses priusquam rogatu Reverendi patris Laei eram in Angliam destinatus, postea bis iliic item redii, primo, ut facto spirituali exercitio apud Reverendum patrem Walpole, ibi disponerem pauca ilia quae habeo, sic ut non haberem necesse redeundi in Angliam si ita placuerit divinae pietati me insigniri titulo digni Religiosi, quod quotidie in precationibus peto, idque in ista Societate sanctissime: ultimo eram in patriam destinatus ad instantiam Reverendissimi patris Rectoris Collegii Lee et Patris Tompson. Non fui invalidus propter morbum, nisi semel febricitatus per 5 aut 6 dies a quatuor annis abhinc. Semel autem dum eram circiter undecim annorum febri dolebam per continuos novem menses. 1

Word illegible, perhaps erased .


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

279

Ad hoc respondi in prima interrogatione, sed ulterius addo quod maxime hortantibus fratribus meis Catholicis, fui Catholicus etiam factus, reconciliatus opera domini Iohannis Hemsworth, Eboracensis Rhemensis viri doctissimi, qui vixit apud avunculum meum Iakson sic vocatum, sed iam inde defunctum. hie dominus Iakson erat avunculus, eo quod mater mea et ille habebant eandem matrem, et erat Confessor sanctissimus, habet duos filios, quorum iunior vocabatur Lovanii Smythson, ambos patres Societatis, alter diutius vixit in Anglia vir sane pius, et vocatus Brownus, et manet apud dominum hodgson in Episcopatu dunelmensi. Nihil prius cupio aut aspiro, si ita vult deus optimus maximus, quam sacerdotali dignitate insigniri, et ad Collegii disciplinam accuratissime observandam me totum lib enter trado. Prae festinatione, incuriaque aliqua ex mea parte adiuncta, omisi proprio loco addere de redditibus annualibus meis, et quibusnam condicionibus me huc admitti cupio. Sunt mihi annuatim huc transmittendae, quae accrescunt singulis annis ex terns cui us dam Catholici nobilissimi vocati William Vavasour de Haselwood in Comitatu Eboraci Armigeris, quatuordecim librae, Item ex terris alterius non minus nobilis ac doctissimi viri RutIandi Molyneux Catholici Armigeri de parva markham iuxta Tuxford in Comitatu Nottinghamiae aliae decem librae, annuatim recipiendae quae in toto attingunt xxiiii li. Alia pauca mihi restant quae patent ulterius ex testamento meo, cuius copia extat apud Reverendum patrem patrem Rectorem Collegii istius, propria manu scripta. Peto admitti omnino ex condicionibus Convictorum. Ro: GROSVENOUR. SUMMARY

[532] GROSVENOR Robert, alias Gravener, born 1.5.1582 at Carlton in the parish of Rothwell near Wakefield, Yorkshire; educated at home with his mother and stepfather until about 16 ; studied law for 3 years in New Inn; at this time was converted to Catholicism; after less than 2 years was imprisoned at Wakefield; was released; was imprisoned for a further 6 weeks in York 6 months later; was transferred to Hull and remained in prison there 2 years; was released after two thirds of the land left him by his father had been seized by the King, and given to another by letters patent until ÂŁ260 had been paid from them according to the recusancy statute; went to serve the Earl of Shrewsbury until he had sold the lands and come to terms with some previous buyers who had hitherto treated him ill because of his recusancy. (His father, now 26 years dead, was the second of 22 children of the old family of Bellaport, Salop, a house which is now almost uninhabited, owing to the misfortune of the last heir who lost ÂŁ20,000 in making iron tools. His mother, the respondent's grandmother, of the old Yorkshire family of Maltby, had 2 Catholic brothers


280

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

imprisoned at Wisbech and elsewhere. The respondent's mother was married first to one Hunt, then to the respondent's father, thirdly to a rich gentleman named Bland, 21 years married, who will not let her live as a Catholic, and who cheated the respondent and his brothers out of at least £1500.) Is related to Mr. Gravener of Eaton Boat in Cheshire, who has £2000 a year to spend, and to Mr. Gravener of Prand, Salop, who is the next heir of the family, but has only £300 a year in land. On his mother's side he is related to two Catholics-Mr. Middleton of Stockhill, Yorkshire, worth £2000, and Mr. Gascoigne of Barnborough who has £1000 in landand to many Catholic and heretical gentry. Has an uterine brother, Mr. Hunt of Carlton, who has suffered much for religion; another, Gilbert Hunt, a secular priest of Douai; another a young heretic ; has one uterine sister unmarried and Catholic, another once married, a heretic. After leaving the Earl studied a little grammar at St. Omers; after 8 months was sent to England at the suggestion of Fr. Lee to take the exercises with Fr. Walpole, and to arrange his property so that he would not have to return to England if-as he prays-he becomes a Jesuit. Was sent again to England at the instance of Fr. Lee, Rector of the College, and of Fr. Thompson. Had fever for 9 months when about 11, and again for 2 or 6 days 4 years ago. Was converted by the exhortations of his Catholic brothers, and reconciled by John Hemsworth, a learned Yorkshireman, who lived with the respondent's mother's uterine brother Jackson (a holy confessor whose sons are Fr. Smithson S.]. at Louvain, and Fr. Browne S.]. who has long been in England and lives with Mr. Hodgson in Co. Durham.) Desires to be a priest. Has £14 a year which is to be sent yearly from the lands of a noble Catholic, William Vavasour Esq., of Haselwood, Yorkshire; also £10 yearly from the lands of the learned Rutland Molyneux Esq., of Little Markham .by Tuxford, Notts. Has some other property which is described in his will, a copy of which is in the hands of the Rector of this College. Desires to be acLTTI.itted as a Convictor. [533J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[534J 1. Verum nomen est Laurentius Blundeston primus patris filius, natus Hexgraviae in parochia F arnesfeildii in comita tu N ottinghamiae habens 220s annos vel circiter, in divers is locis educatus, partim Maunsfeildii partim Southwelli in Comitatu eiusdem Notthingamiae, partim Grimesbeiae in Comitatu Lincolniae, partim etiam Londini in Comitatu Middlesexiae; In quibus omnibus locis studiis operam dedi 2. Patris nomen est Nicholaus Blundeston Conditione Armiger, qui postquam Margaritae, filiae Richardi Wiseman de Fingrigo in comitatu Essex generosi, connubio coniunctus esset, venditis suis fere omnibus terris, A gulielmo Cicillio domino Thesaurario Eliza-


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

281

bethae reginae Angliae defunctae terras maiores ea conditione emebat ut fIlius haeres patrem a praesentibus et futuris incommodis liberaret; post mortem tamen praedicti Gulielmi Cicillii emptae terrae in manus Reginae Elizabethae inciderunt: Quapropter pater desiderabat pecunias restituendas; quas Comes Exoniensis haeres eiusdem Thesaurarii negavit : Id circo pater coram iudicibus Iuris Communis querebatur; et post varias concitationes ab utraque parte tractatas paucas pecunias, respectu illarum, quae fuerant expensae, recipiebat: Interim pater et mater facti sunt Catholici ; quae quidem res partim fuit causa quod non plures pecunias receperit et partim magnitudo viri contra quam certavit. In carcerem coniectus et quia fuit Catholicus et quia habuit quendam filium multos a morbis liberantem. nunc etiam per tres annos incarceratus fuit ubi etiamnum manet captivus; quia iuramentum illicitum esse a quopiam suscipi per iura ipsa librum probantem composuit. Confiscatus etiam quia hoc iuramentum accipere negavit; habet filios septem quorum omnes sunt Catholici praeter unum qui ab infantia cum matris avunculo educatus fuit. Ex patris fratribus et sororibus tres sunt Catholici reliqui haeretici ex quibus unus est minister factus. omnes etiam eius propinqui quamquam et bono statu et bona conditione sunt haeretici. Omnes etiam matris fratres sorores avunculi et propinqui praeter Gulelmum Wiseman de Broadoaks in comitatu Essex equitem auratum, quam vis et bono statu et bona conditione sunt haeretici: De statu parentum nihil certe scio; sed multa ob fidem, multa ut fratres Catholicos (qui etiam ob fidem incarcerati fuere) adiuvaret consumpsisse sat bene mihi notum est. ita ut vereor nihil illis relictum esse plane. Studia, quibus operam, humaniora fuere et music a sed quoniam studia neclexit et intermisi non ad illam periectionem quam potuissem pervenire valui tamen inter primos meae classis semper versabar nunquam ita corporis animaeve aegritudine afflictus fui ut studia mea impediren tur. Haereticus fui conversus ad fidem ab Oswaldo Needhamo sacerdote Anglo; et semel propter miss am a me auditam incarceratus fui : fides etiam fuit mihi impedimento et in studiis et in promotionibus. Tentatis diversis promotionibus et nullis mihi prospere succedentibus Ecclesiasticam mihi agendam vitam proposui quam (faventibus tt dec et superioribus) perficiam; SUMMARY

[534] BLUNDESTON Laurence, c. 22, eldest son of Nicholas Esq. , and Margaret, daughter of Richard Wiseman, gent., of Fingringhoe Essex; born at Hexgreave in the parish of Farnsfield, Notts, brought up at Mansfield and Southwell, Notts; at Grimsby, Lincolnshire; and at London; studied in all the above mentioned places. (His father, after his marriage, sold most of his lands, and bought larger estates from William Cecil, Lord Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth, "so that the son and heir might free his father from


282

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

present and future inconvenience"; on Cecil's death the lands fell into the hands of the Queen and the respondent's father sought restitution in vain from the Earl of Exeter, heir to the Treasurer. He took the case before the Common Law judges, but recovered little money in comparison with what he had spent, partly because of the power of the defendant, partly because he and his wife had become Catholics in the meantime. He was imprisoned because he was a Catholic and because he had a son who freed many people from diseases. He has now been imprisoned again for 3 years because he wrote a book to show that the oath was illegal, and had all his property confiscated because he refused to take the oath himself.) Has 6 brothers all Catholics except one who was brought up from infancy by his mother's uncle. Has 3 Catholic paternal uncles or aunts; the rest, like all his rich paternal relations, are heretics, including one parson. Has many rich heretical maternal kinsfolk, and one Catholic, Sir William Wiseman of Bradocks, Essex. Knows that his father lost much money for religion, and in supporting his imprisoned Catholic brothers, so that hardly any is left. Studied humanities and music; was always among the first in his class in spite of neglect and interruptions. Healthy. Was converted from heresy to Catholicism by Oswald Needham, priest; was once imprisoned for hearing Mass; was impeded from study and promotion by his religion. Having tried various careers without success, desires to be an ecclesiastic.

1614 [535] Verum mihi nomen est Guilielmus Palmes; annos natus sum novemdecim, loco, vero et genuino nomine, Naburnensi, honeste liberaliterque educatus, utpote cum in paterna familia, tum inter arnicos atque familiares. Honesto loco, ac nobilibus parentibus oriundus, quorum statum et condition em penitus ignoro; unam habeo sororem, duos que fratres omnes quidem maiores natu, et verae fidei lumine collustratos. reliqui vero cognati partim catholici, partim autem haeretici reperiuntur. Litteris humanioribus operam dedi, cursumque integrum, in de usque a rudimentis ad Rhetoricam ascendens, in collegio Audomarensi confeci. Melius plerumque, ex quo e patria discessi, animo, quam corpore valebam, Quippe crebris iisque continuis febribus impeditus. Catholica, ab ineunte aetate, religione, diligenti parentum cur a et industria sum imbutus, nec ullis unquam depravatis haereticorum opinionibus adhaesi. Maximum me desiderium tenet agendi vitam ecclesiasticarn; tt SUMMARY

[535] PALMES William, 19, born at Naburn, liberally educated at horne and with kinsfolk. Son of noble parents; has 1 sister and


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

283

2 brothers, all older than himself, all Catholics; has both Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities from Rudiments to Rhetoric at St. Omers. Has suffered continual fevers since leaving England. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[536J 1. Verum est mihi nomen Ioannes Tremaynus; Annos habeo 22; ut coniectura assequor; Locus nativitatis Dorcestria in comitatu Dorcet. educatio catholic a semper, atque imprimis bona. 2. Parentes fuere Sampsonus, et Helena Tremayn. qui post multa ob fidei integritatem in carcere perpessa (Pater siquidem ad annos 30 vinctus) diem obiere. De eorum fortunis nihil mihi constat; audivi annue 140 nummorum libras patri contigisse. Novercam superstitem teneo; fratres 4; germanum unum; sorores 4. omnes, uno fratre excepto, romanae veritatis participes. Avunculos porro 4. cognatos quam plurimos, haud ullum tamen (ut memini) catholicum, praeter matris germ anum natu minorem. 3. Studui semper humanioribus, primum Dorcestriae, deinde Chidioce, postremo Audomari; Profectum ex litteris ubi que mediocrem excerpsi. 4. Corporis semper valetudine ab annis 12, superioribus non ita, usus sum utcunque felici; Audomari molestias animae non raro passus. 5. Nihil ad me hoc cap. 6. Propono mihi apud animum, ac desidero sacerdotium, modo id per doctrinam liceat, superioresque attingere. tt IOANNES COTTAMUS. SUMMARY

[536] TREMAYNE John, c. 22, son of Samson and Helen, born at Dorchester, Dorset, well educated. Son of Catholic parents who suffered much in prison for the faith, and are both dead. (His father, who had ÂŁ140 a year, was imprisoned 30 years.) Has a surviving stepmother, 4 brothers, 1 sister and 4 half-sisters, all Catholics except 1 brother; 4 uncles and many kinsmen, but no Catholics except his mother's elder brother. Studied humanities at Dorchester, Chideock, and St. Omers, with average success everywhere. Healthy these last 12 years, not previously; suffered ills of soul at St. Omers. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [537J

[ No Responsa extant]

[538J

[ No Responsa extant]

[539J

[ No Responsa extant]

[540J

[ No Responsa extant]


284

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[541J

Henricus Sweete est nomem t meum etiam patris mei, nomem t matris mei Maria Wreforde: natus Modburiae, ibi educatus, aliquando Londini, alias in portingale, I talia, Flandria vixi. Omnia mihi a patre meo relict a consumsi t, pater meus media sors natu, mater nobilis satis bene constituti ad vivendum; fratres habeo tres et unant sororem, omnes haeretici sunt ut coniecturam facio; nam ab illis tres annos non audivi, mater mea affect a Catholicae religioni est, cognati omnes haeretici sunt, quidemt nobiles, alii divites, pater meus mortuus est haeretice. in classibus humanitatis pro sintaxiano admissus fui, neque ulterius progressus sum; Audimarii et Bruxellis studui. ab eunte aetate mea dum provectus ad aetatem viginti annorum semper haereticum vixi; Romae opera Reverendi patris Iohannis Sueeti ad chatholicam fidem conversus, ex Anglia, Plimothio per mare ad portum Neapoli intendebam partim negotii causa, praecipue invisere patrem Iohannem Suetum, Nihil mecum determinavi quid ecclesiasticorum suscipiam haec mecum ali quando disputavi sed semper adversum animum invenirem, propter Collegii disciplinam dum hie mansero libenti animo Amplectabor HENRICUS SUEETUS SUMMARY

[541] SWEET Henry, son of Henry and Mary Wreford, born at Modbury and brought up there; has lived in London, Portugal, Italy and Flanders. Son of middle class Catholic father who died a heretic, and noble Catholic mother; has 3 brothers and 1 sister, all heretics when last he heard 3 years ago; has noble rich heretical kinsfolk. Studied at St. Omers and Brussels as far as Syntax. A heretic until 20, was converted at Rome by Fr. John Sweet, having come from England by sea from Plymouth to Naples partly on business and partly to visit Fr. Sweet. Has not decided to be an ecclesiastic; has considered it but always felt disinclined. [542J

1. Ego sicut et Pater Ioannes Wakeman appellor, Matri Ursula Gifford nomen est. Natus fui in commitatet Staffordiae, apud parentes vero in Commitatet Glocestriae educatus. 2. Parentes sunt bona familia orti, possessiones satis amplas tenent, alios habeo amicos potentiores alios vero minores, fratres sunt mihi duo, non Catholici; sorores tres a fide Christiana instructae, Caeteri vero praesrtim ex parte Patris amici plerique Haeretici persistunt sed ex parte Matris plerique catholici, Vereor etiam ne Pater adhuc Schismaticus existat, Mater ut semper vixit, sic pia Catholica multis abhinc annis obiit. 3. Audomari in perdiscendis literis tres posui annos: de progressu


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

285

in iisdem si respiciatur ad ignorantiam et inscitiam meam, quando primum eo perveni tempus meum non omnino periisse audeo dicere. 4. Recta semper corporis, quamvis non semper animae constitutione usus sum. 5. Schismaticus vel potius nullius religionis homo, quindecim duxi annos, postea vero Londinum res mercatorias tractandi gratia (ea etenim vivendi ratio mihi tunc temporis maxime arridebat) remigravi, Ubi tamen quosdam clara stirpe editos, tam servilem in modum a Mercatoribus tractatos conspexissem, aliquantisper haesi. Cum vero Mercatorem, cui essem alligandus, essem allocutus isque de viribus, aetate et de eiusmodi multis interrogaret, ego nescio quo pacto earn vitae formam eousque habui despicatui, ut exinde in isto delectu me ipse stultitiae arguerem. Tandem dominus Cottonus patris familiarissimus, ei consuluit ut me Audomarum mitteret, Pater vero non acquievit isto consilio, multas proponens difficultates et pericula inde sibi proventura, affirmansque me nunquam studia fuisse affecturum, post longas tamen persnasiones, mihi proposuit questionem, ego autem me omnino ad illud iter impigrum praestiti quam animi propensionem cum perspexisset parens mihi optatum concessit, et intra triduum discessi. Cum appulissem Audomarum, me in Seminarium admissum Pater Walsingamus fide Catholica instruxit. Post tres annos effluxos, Pater ob pericula capiti eminentia quatuor vicibus mecum literis egit, ut confestim vel in Angliam redirem, vel me in Galliam extra Seminarium reciperem. Mihi autem ad iter illud Gallicum accincto, Reverendus Pater Minister Seminarii, et Pater Sweetus iter hoc Romanum proponebant, hortabanturque ne beneficium oblatum repudiarem, quod quidem post tempus aliquod deliberationis ergo concessum libenti et grato animo amplexus sum. Hoc tamen me habuit sollicitum, quod mihi non liceret totum cursum percurrere. 6. De vita ecclesiastica agenda, nequeo quidquam dicere, vel proponere, sed spero fore, ut Christo vocanti obediam. tt IOANNEs GREENUS. SUMMARY

[542] WAKEMAN John, alias Green, son of John and Ursula Gifford, born in Staffordshire, brought up by his parents in Gloucestershire . Son of rich parents of good family; the father a schismatic, the mother a Catholic deceased. Has 2 non-Catholic brothers, 3 Christian sisters; has mainly heretical kinsfolk on his father's side, mainly Catholic on his mother's. Studied letters 3 years at St. Omers; arrived there ignorant and did not waste his time. Always healthy. A schismatic, or rather irreligious, for 15 years; then went to London to merchandize, but changed his mind when he saw how merchants treated men of noble birth; was disgusted by a conversation with the merchant to whom he was to be bound. Was asked by his father, on the advice of his friend Mr. Cotton, and after much hesitation, whether he would like to go to St. Omers ;


286

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

accepted gladly, was given permission to go and left within 3 days. At St. Omers was admitted to the seminary and instructed in Catholicism by Fr. Walsingham. After 3 years received letters from his father saying that he was in danger, and asking him to return to England or go to France away from the seminary. When preparing to go to France was persuaded by Fr. Minister and Fr. Sweet to go instead to Rome. Is worried that he was unable to finish his course. Has not decided to be an ecclesiastic but hopes to obey Christ's call. [543J Respondeo Henricus Vavasoure, et pariter de parentibus: Vavasore. Natus in comitatu Eboraci, ibique educatus, ubi et aetatem egi. F elix parentum condicio pro re Catholica multa patientium: satis illis amplae facultates ac divitiarum copiae. amimicit mihi nobiles pariter atque inopes, quorum praecipui haeresi labefactantur. Studiis Syntaxeos praecipue operam navavi meam, at que non nihil graecis fundamentis, de meo in his profectu nil quod dicere (hoc Audomari) His dum vacavi studiis diuturni satis me detenuerunt morbi: eique in grammaticat per mediam anni partem me oppresserunt: sed favente divino numine ab istis ego temporibus optima fruitus sum valetudine, firmissimumque habui corpus. ex quo rationis beneficio usus sum, Catholicis imbutus fui moribus ; a paternis aedibus Audomarum habui iter, nec minus Romam Vitam ecclesiasticam, Collegiique disciplinam mihi accuratissime observandam statuo atque propono. SUMMARY

[543] VAVASOUR Henry, born and brought up in Yorkshire; son of parents who are rich in spite of many sufferings for religion; has both noble and poor kinsfolk, mainly heretics. Studied syntax and a little Greek at St. Omers. Dllring these studies and during Grammar was oppressed by disease; since t hen h ealthy. Always a Catholic; went from home to St. Omers and to Rome. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

1615 [544J 1. Ego Thos Leedes parentibus Thoma, et Maria Leedes (idem vero cognomen utrique fuit ab ortu commune) in Southsexia oriundus apud Wappingthorne, avitam, et gentilitiam maiorum sedem, tredecim inibi primum aetatis annos, consequentes deinceps Londini partim, partim Oxonii, et Audomari exegi. 2. Parentes amplum satis patrimonium maiorum iure adiere, quod ut integrum posteris traderet Pater, Schismaticus aliquamdiu


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

287

obluctante quantumvis matre fidei semper Romanae alumna, vixit. Eques primum ordinis balneorum, praefectus dein totius Provinciae creatus et praesens magnam prudentiae, et aequitatis farnam collegit, et discedens incredibile sui desiderium reliquit. Nam pia uxoris importunitate, et vero divino instinctu evinctus tandem statuit quamprimum sese in christianam libertatem vindicare. Re ergo familiari primum composita, Lovanium exsulii, atque adeo salutis sedem delegit. Suscepit ex matre quatuor filios, filias duas vix dum infantiae annos praetergressas. Maior natu scriptus ex asse haeres, et in aula regia degens duxit in uxorem Thomae Mounson equitis Baronet, et apud regem in paucis gratiosi, filiam a fidei veritate alienissimam Affinium vero, et cognatorum etsinon exigua suppetit copia, habeo tamen, quo ausim plane inniti, neminem. 3. Vt tempus sub domesticis praeceptoribus distracte, et divisim, Londini dein, et Oxonii otiose, et inutiliter in literarum studiis consumptum omittem, veni tandem Audomarum, un de licet non eximios, certe non paenitendos doctrinae fructus excerpsi. 4. Benedictus Deus, qui mentem mihi sanam (exceptis peccatis, et defectibus adolescentiae meae) in corpore sano impertuerit. 5. Paullo plus octo abhinc annis pater, premente legum, et com it is Salisburiensis metu, persuasit mihi, uti tempI a Haereticorum frequentarem. Sed post tres annos, auctoribus matre, et Domino Stillingtono, annuente patre, reconciliante R. P. Michaele Warpolo ad fidem redactus traieci mare, et R. P. Laei consilio Seminario Audomarensi nomen dedi. Ibi cum in dies huius collegii fama percrebesceret, et concordiae nomine prae caeteris praec1are audiret, reliqua posthabui, et hoc, tamquam eximium pietatis, et doctrinae domicilium, selegi. 6. Arduum licet, et difficile admodum sit vitam Ecc1esiasticam ingredi, spero tamen fore, uti, annuente Deo, propositum de ea suscipienda conceptum perficiam. tt THOMAS LEEDEs. SUMMARY

[544] LEEDES Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Leedes (both of

the same family), born and brought up until 12 at Wappingthorne, Sussex, ancestral seat of the family; lived afterwards at London, Oxford and St. Omers. (His father, in order to preserve his ample patrimony intact, became a schismatic. He was made a Knight of the Bath, and Lord Lieutenant, and acquired a great reputation for prudence and equity. He was then persuaded by his Catholic wife to go into exile; having settled his affairs he went to Louvain, leaving as sole heir his eldest son, a courtier who has married the anti-Catholic daughter of the royal favourite Sir Thomas Mounson Bart.) Has 3 brothers and 2 sisters, who died in infancy; has no kinsfolk on whom he could rely. Studied under tutors at home, in London, and at Oxford lazily and uselessly, and at St. Omers rewardingly. Healthy. Was persuaded by his father to frequent


288

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

heretical churches 8 years ago through fear of the Earl of Salisbury; was reconciled 3 years later by Fr. Michael Walpole, on the instigation of his mother and Mr. Stillington, and with his father's approval; crossed the sea, and entered St. Omers on the advice of Fr. Lee. Was attracted to the Roman seminary by its reputation. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1615. [545J 1. Vocor ego Henricus Gage, natus Londini, educatus ibidem usque ad duodecimum fere annum, tunc demum missus Audomarum. 2. Parentes et amici praecipui sunt nobiles, alii sat divites, alii propter fidem privati bonis, non tamen ad extremam paupertatem redacti, nec ita pauperes ut indigere videantur. fratres habeo tres, unam sororem: caeteri omnes cognati et consanguinei praecipui, fere sunt Catholici. 3. Dedi operam literis tantummodo humanioribus, in quibus integrum consumsit quinquennium, in collegio Audomarensi 4. De valetudine corporis non possum conqueri, licet aliquando laboraverim febribus exiguis. De anima Reverentia Vestra latius imposterum intelliget. 5. Quoad religion em , ab ipsis incunabilis fui Catholicus nec unquam aliud credidiquam quodEcclesiaRomanaiubetessecredenda. Ex Anglia furtive egressus sum, Romamque in missione Audomarensi profectus. 6. Ad vitam Ecclesiasticam obeundam quod attinet non dum sentio desiderium; tt HENRICUS HOARDus. SUMMARY

[545] GAGE Henry, alias Howard, born at London and brought up there until c. 12, then sent to St. Omers. Son of noble family, mainly Catholic; has 3 brothers and 1 sister; has some rich kinsfolk, and some impoverished through Catholicism, but not indigent. Studied humanities 5 years at St. Omers. Healthy , except for occasional slight fevers. Always a Catholic. Left England secretly; has been sent to Rome with the mission from St. Omers. Does not yet feel desire to be an ecclesiastic. [546J Vocor Thomas Babthorpus a patre Domino Rodulpho Babthorpo et matre domina Gratia Bumama[?J in ducatu Eboracensi oriundus et educatus. Orior parente nob iIi equite et amicos habeo nobiles catholicos, fratres sumus quatuor quorum aetate primus eques et sorores habeo tres


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

289

Audomari litteris humanioribus operam dedi in quibus nonnullum feci progressum Bona semper usus sum valitudinet anima et corpore Semper fui catholicus, nihil tamen urn quam ob religionem passus sum furtim ex Anglia discessi et Romam in missione veni Summum ad utrumque desiderium sentio. THOMAS SMITHEUS. SUMMARY

[546] B:ABTHORPE Thomas, alias Smith, son of Sir Ralph and Grace Burnham, born and brought up in Yorkshire. Son of noble Catholic family, has 3 brothers, the eldest a knight, and 3 sisters. Studied letters at St. Omers. Always healthy, always a Catholic. Left England secretly; has come to Rome with the mission. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [547]

[ No Responsa extant]

1617 [548] 1. Verum mihi nomen et a parentibus acceptum est Richardus Lovellus aetatis novemdecim annorum. In monasterio Divi Martini a londino sex milliaria distante educatus vero D Audomari in collegio anglorum Parentes ex nobili stirpe sunt orti satisque tum opibus tum facultatibus pro tempore abundant, et quidem haeretici sunt, cum 3 fratribus et 2 sororibus unum fratrem cum sorore habeo catholicum. duos Avunculos catholicos et cognatum unum Poesi operam dedi de profectu quisquis iudicabit studui vero D Audomari Quantam ad valetudinem vel aegritudinem cum corporis tum animae semper bene (ut mihi visum est) habui. SUMMARY

[547] LOVELL Richard, 19, born at St. Martin's Abbey 6 miles from London, educated in the English College at St. Omers where he studied poetry. Son of rich noble heretical parents; has 3 brothers, one a Catholic, and 2 sisters, one a Catholic. Has 2 uncles and a cousin Catholics. Always healthy. 1617.

[1616J [549J 1. Robertus Constable anna aetatis decimo nono, Everingami in comitatu eboracensi oppiduli natus, ibidem parentis advigilante cura educationem tenerulis sat aptam annis sum sortitus: nam


290

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

cum paullulum adolesceret aetatis vigor, naturae que indoles capacior tam forensium, quam domestic arum esset rerum; pater Eboracum ut domicilium scientiae mihi delegit; ast inibi cum in otiis cum otio quam cum fructu potius detriveram tempus, abreptum in de me paedagogis Londini instituendum tradidit; quorum praeceptis imbutus, ut candide fateor, nihil vel scientia amplum, vel virtute amabile possidebam. quare sapientiori iudicio gubematus, meoque edoctus incommodo libentissimam suscepi navigationem, faelicissimam certe, qua Audomarum appuli unicum sapientiae gymnasium. 2. Patri armigero census ampli satis supersunt, eoque ampliores quo iustior integra et salva fide illorum possessio est; nam (Deo iniquas haereseos pestes averruncante) latius in nostram familiam diffusa fides paucissimos vel certe nullos e proximioribus amicis oblique de romana cathedra sentire permisit. 3. Vt in ingenuas artes depraedicem affectum, opus non esse videtur; dum pro me loquatur Audomarum, aperteque denunciet se, quicquid vel in doctrina, vel in virtute excellens attigerim, totum illud quantulumcunque est, dedisse: etenim peritissimi ea in palaestra magistri, ne cursim per rerum superficiem transmeans nihil ab ipsis fundis eruere viderer, sapientissime persuaserunt ut initium a rudimentis caperem, gnari sententiae: dimidium facti qui bene caepit habet. 4. Hactenus faelicissima usus sum valetudine, animo vero erga incaeptos cursus tum in virtutis, tum scientiae studio licet subinde vario, plerunque tamen constantissimo. 5. Nec CJXtO"I-lCXTa amplexatus sum, nec aipEo"ES admodum, quia nec maxime eligere potui, nec electis adhaerere, cum, ut ait comicus, aetas magister ludus prohibebant, atque, quod praecipuum erat, ingenii imbecillitas difficulter unius fucos, ab alterius sincero et germano colore discern ere valuit. 6. In primo subticeo: in secundo: promptum me geram. ROBERTus TIRQUIT. SUMMARY

[549] CONSTABLE Robert, alias Tyrwhitt, 18, born and brought up at Everingham, Yorkshire; sent to study at York and later at London; learnt little at either place, so went to St. Omers, the only school of wisdom. Son of a rich esquire of an almost entirely Catholic family. Recommenced rudiments at St. Omers and there learnt all he knows. Healthy. Never a schismatic or a heretic, because his age did not allow him to tell truth from falsehood. Does not wish to say whether he wants to be an ecclesiastic. [550J 1. Verum est mihi nomen, Michaeli Constable, annum iam agenti octavum et decimum, Rasonii in comitatu Lincolniensi nato, in comitatu vero Eboracensi avitis in aedibus educato.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

291

2. Quod ad parentes haud ignobili, ut credo, prosapia oriundos. quorum alter solus superat, attinet; absit, ut hunc aliquis fidei suspectum habeat. huic tres supersumus nati, Philippus, Robertus, et Michael; natarum nihiL de praecipuis cognatis, quorum mihi conscius sum, idem esto iudicium. 3. Studia quidem, totus propemodum literarum rudis, a carceribus ad metam usque Audomaropoli quinquennio percurri. 4. Corpore tum hoc temporis utor, tum olim usus sum sat robusto et sano mente haud insana. 5. Denique ex quo inter religiones quidquam discernere valui, licet aliquamdiu procul a parentibus divertens haereticorum templa. rerum inscius, frequentaverim, ne latum quidem unguem a Romana fide discessi.-De Sexto capite me totum divinae voluntati ac providentiae commito. MICHAEL WENTWORTHUS. SUMMARY

[550] CONSTABLE Michael, alias Wentworth, 17, born at Rasen, Lincolnshire, brought up in his ancestral home in Yorkshire. Son of noble parents, the father a Catholic, the mother dead. Has 2 surviving brothers, Philip and Robert, and no sisters. Passed through the complete course of humanities at St. Omers. Healthy. When young and away from his parents sometimes innocently attended heretical churches; since the age of discretion has been a Catholic. Commits himself to God concerning an ecclesiastical vocation. [551J

[ No Responsa extantJ

[552J Ego Ioannes germano et paterno nomine Robinsonus nuncupatus, Quantum no vi non ante natalem Christi diem annum aetatis meae decimum septimum attigero; In lucem editus (prout a parente accepi) in comitatu Eboracensi in Upsaliae Castello, quo loco patre dumtaxat vivo mansi, nunc a Societatis patribus, nunc ab aliis ex iliorum voluntate, iuvenilibus rudimentis imbutus; ubi magna ex parte sum commoratus ne ulla haereseos labe infectus, male apud parentes audirem. Parentum quo ad coniectura assequi possum ea conditio fuit ut etiamsi non claro sanguine nobilique familia nati sint, ita tamen vixerint ut inferioris gradus indicium vix praetulerint, quin etiam laborem omnem, facultates, bona omnia, non immerito dixerim vitam ipsam ob Christianae religion is defensionem in discrimen intulerint. plurima in dies singulos quoad habuerunt, in mendicos irrogabant. tandem Deo Optimo Maximo volente pater his carcerurn vinculis liberatur, et ut sperare licet qui sub eius vexiliis certarat is iam cum ilio triumphat. Matris porro sors in vivis longior fuit ;


292

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Quamobrem ut par erat diutius Christi causa passa est. In carcere propter repertos in aedibus sacerdotes ad annos detenta est non sine bonorum detrimento mortis que discrimine, postea demum, vinculis soluta duobus filliis duabusque filiabus relictis, obiit: filii filiaeque adhuc superstites frater unus maior nempe natu in flandria Gandavi, alter Hic quamdiu divino numini placuerit permanebit: sunt et totidem in Anglia sorores, iuvenes admodum, quae relict a a parente portione, versus Aquilonem cum amita, victitant: non consobrinos mihi cognitos ullos habeo qui haeresi adhere ant praeter Adolescentern unum, Robertum Robinsonum, qui olim Audomari in Anglorum Collegio convictor habitavit, cui ut primum prae Anglicana persecutione deficiebat nummus, superiorum venia comparaturus, in Angliam iter suscepit, reditum pollicitus. cui omnes fisi (erat tunc temporis insigni virtute) sed omnium expectationem est frustratus permanetque in haeresi. superest ni me spes fallat venerandus admodum sacerdos (mihi avunculus) temporis Reginae Mariae Angliae, aetate provecta qui mei curam gessit et quaecunque habuit mea causa lubentissime expendit. Is mihi cum collegii me disciplinis addixi Quadringentos florenos tradidit, et viaticum insuper Romanum, praeter alia quam plurima necessaria, cui nomen est Valentinus Taylerus. Alium inter caeteros habeo cognatum sane in ea regione nobilem Dominum Robertum Collingwood Catholicum, de caeteris vix mihi quicquam notum est. Romanis litteris cum Gandavi tum Audomari operam dedi per annos ad summum septem humaniorem cursum omnem peregi (ut potui) mediocriter. Infirmiore aliquando me fuisse valetudine fateor, fuit et mihi febris non raro ut verum dicam in studiis molesta, cuius hac aestate semine me omnino liberatum confido; De animae vero aegritudine ad hoc usque tempus deo laude nec sentio nec sensi quidquam, ac proinde me semper caruisse existimo nunquam errore haeretico sum contactus, neque quod magis est dum adhuc puer illorum scholas menses aliquot frequentarem ne ipsorum quidem officiis unquam interfui. Unum denique restat an eo fine huc fuerim profectus ut Collegii disciplinam observarem, et superiorurn mandatis acquiescerem hoc ips urn est quod maxime expetii, et quantum in me erit satisfaciam omnibus, mihi profecto vita Ecclesiastica (si ea deo iuvante dignus fuero) nil carius accidere poterit. Ad maiorem Dei Gloriam Beatissimae Virginis Mariae et Sancti Ioannis Evangelistae. anna MDC XVI Octob. 12 IOANNEs TAYLERUS SUMMARY

[552] ROBINSON John, alias Tayler, 17 after next Christmas, born at Upsall and brought up there during his father's lifetime,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

293

educated in rudiments by Jesuits or by those whom they recommended. Son of parents who competed with the nobly born in giving their labour, wealth and life for the Christian religion, and who spent much daily on doctors until his father's death. [His mother was imprisoned for some years for harbouring priests and died shortly after her release.) Has one elder brother at Ghent in Flanders, and two sisters, both very young, who live in the North with an aunt on the portion left them by their parent; has no heretical cousins except Robert Robinson, once a virtuous convictor at St. Omers, who left for England with his superiors' permission to collect money, but failed to return and became a heretic. Has an uncle a Marian priest, Valentine Tayler, who looked after him and spent much on him, giving him 40 florins when first he went to College, and also his journey money to Rome. Is related to Mr. Robert Collingwood, a noble Catholic. Passed through the course of humanities in 7 years at Ghent and St. Omers. Once suffered from a fever which impeded studies, but seems cured this summer. Was never a heretic, nor ever attended their services even when attending heretical school some months as a boy. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 12 October, 1616. [553] 1. Franciscus Mayson proprium mihi, verumque nomen est: aetatis agens annum vigesimum secundum, vel circa: natus in parti Angliae Septentrionali in civitate dunelmo appellata, quo in loco parentes propter fidem in carcerem coniiciebantur, in quo carcere natus fui, simulque aliquot annorum spatio educatus. 2. Parentes ambo ab initio Catholicam fidem amplexi sumt, propter quam haud mediocrem bonorem iacturam sunt passi; fratres duos habeo cum tribus sororibus, cunctis Romanam fidem amplectentibus; praeterea fratrem natu maximum, qui a Catholic a fide magno mei meorumque omnium dolore nuperrime defecit; cognatos etiam habeo partim Catholicos, partim vero haereticos. 3. Absolutis in Anglia duorum annorum studiis, in Belgiam ad Collegium Anglicanum me contuli, quo in loco non inutiliter (ut spero) tempus insumpsi. 4. Nihil hac de re dicendum habeo; ex quo enim studiorum fundamentum in Collegio Anglicano Audomaropoli ieci, primo anno cum medio sequentis excepto, nihil umquam vel animae, vel corporis aegritudinis, vel certe parum dei benignitate sensi. S. Haereticus numquam vel Schismaticus (deo sit lau[sJ) extiti; sed (ut antea dixi) divini Numinis bonitate, in carcere, ubi parentes ob fidei Catholicae professionem diu incarcerati essent, natus fui, atque educatus. 6. Hoc deo serviendi in Ecclesiasticae statu desiderium, summaque mea semper propensio ad vitam illam sanctissimam amplectendam in causa fuit, cur tantos (ut deus scit) tam diumos, quam nocturT


294

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

nos in ilia persequenda, et prosequenda labores susceperim; et quandoquidem divinae placuerit bonitati tantam mihi dare vocationem, quantam in meipso et sensi semper, et iam magis, quam umquam sentio, statui apud me quicquid difficultatis ac molestiae occurerit, libenti animo propter deum subire, tt Laus dec, Beatissimaeque Virgini. SUMMARY

[553] MAYSON Francis, c. 21, born and brought up in the gaol at Durham where his parents were imprisoned for religion, having lost much of their property. Has 2 brothers and 3 sisters Catholics; has 1 eldest brother who has apostatised; has Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. After 2 years' study in England went to an English College in Belgium. Healthy except for the first year and a half at St. Omers. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [554] Ego Gualterus Mico annum iam agens 21m Tauntonii in comitatu Somersettensi natus ibidem in domo parentum usque ad annum 19m vixi Parentes genere mediocres, literarum non omnino ignaros sed haereticos, duos fratres catholicum, unum, alterum lutheranum, sorores quinque omnes haereticas; avunculum unum, inter haereticos apprime doctum, et concionatorem nobilem, unum cognatum mercatorem olim locupletem nunc vero, uti accepi, Ordinis Sancti Francisci religiosum habeo. In studiis humanioribus annos paene 19 Tauntonii in Anglia posui ubi inter primos ultimis annis locum et nomen habui in scholis publicis; alios duos in iisdem literis Audomari cum fructu meliori consumpsi. In anglia optima usus sum valetudine quae non ita firma mihi fuit anna primo quo Audomari fui multum capitis dolore ac febre peracuta debilitata ex qua tamen convalui ac pristinae sanitati ac viribus restitutus sum modo: Usque annum fere 20m lutheranae haeresis sectator fui: tertio vero Maii 1614 motus suasu fratris, ac post disputationem cum Reverendo Patre Scoto Societatis Iesu circa fidem et religionem meam et suam in carcere Westmonasteriensi Londini habitam, ab eodem Patre ad fidem catholicam conversus fui ubi aliquantisper commoratus navem conscendens post quartam navigationis diem Audomarum veni Eo animo huc vern ut vitam ecclesiastic am agerem quae mihi placuit semper et placet tt AEGIDIUS HERVE US. SUMMARY

[554] MICO Walter, alias Giles Harvey, 20, born and brought up until 18 in his parents' house at Taunton, Somerset. Son of middle


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

295

class not unlearned but heretical parents; has 2 Catholic brothers, 1 Lutheran brother and 5 heretical sisters; has one uncle a learned heretical preacher, another a Franciscan, formerly a rich merchant. Studied humanities about 19 years at Taunton, was among the first in class in the public school in his last years; later spent 2 years more fruitfully at St. Omers. Healthy in England, suffered headaches and fever in his first year at St. Omers; since then enjoys health as formerly. Was a Lutheran until 19, was reconciled by Fr. Scott S.]. on 3.S.1614, on the persuasion of his brother and after a disputation with Fr. Scott in Westminster prison; stayed there some little time, then embarked and carne to St. Omers after 4 days' sailing. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [SSS] In comitatu Darbiensi, quo vergit ad fines Eboraci, perdevetus ta ac gentilitia sedes est avi mei patemi ubi ego Henricus Polus natus et educatus fui, donec annos septemdecim attigeram. Matemi fratres sunt, Georgius Chawort[?] eques, Ioannes, Henricus, c1arissimae familiae iam ad f.>aucitatem redactae propemodum stirps relictus, pertinaces omnes haeretici et opibus affluentes: mater vero mea maiorum vestigiis insistit neque vi, nec precibus a pristino vivendi more revocari potest: frat res mihi tres sunt, sorores duae, cognati mei qui sunt a parte patris catholici omnes; qui vero a parte matris haeretici A puero toto pectore in studia literarum incubui cum utilitate non aspemanda Percommoda semper valetudine usus fui, si pectus mihi aliquando non condoluisset, sed (laus deo) uno abhinc anno ne minimum quidem ex eo percepi dolorem. Mense superiore priusquam ex Anglia discessi, deliberanti mihi quid potissimum facerem, aut quomodo meis rationibus consulerem, venit in mentem avunculus meus Ger: Polus cui totum quod in animo erat declarare decrevi: oportunet igitur accidit, ut Robertus Arden qui eodem tempore aderat mare transrnissurus erat et simul author erat ut itineri me accingerem et Audomarum cum ilio contenderem: cum domum rediissem rem totam matri narrabam quam agerrime ferebat et lacrymas ubertim perfundebat; atque adeo tres ilias septimanas insomnes ducebat prae dolore, omnes vias moliens ab instituto me reducere. sed accuratius haec omnia perpendens satius esse, existimabam iacturam bonorum facere quam animae, etiamsi charissimae matris voluntati resistebarn, cuius consiliis aliis in rebus ad fidem minime spectantibus refragari piaculum ducebam, sperans me non solum meis, sed etiam ipsius at que aliorum studiis utilitat em aliquam adferre. Vt ingenue fatear atque ut se res habet loquar, vita haec ecclesiastica fuit prae caeteris aliis semper a me desiderata et omnibus votis expetita, in qua velut in speculo videbam omnem Christianae vitae


296

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

perfectionem esse positam; neque quidquam esse in hoc collegio institutum quod non ad finem ad quem conditus eram maxime spectabat SUMMARY

[555] POLE Henry, born and brought up until 17 in the ancestral home of his paternal grandfather on the borders of Derbyshire and Yorkshire. Son of a heretical mother who is sister to Sir George, John and Henry Chaworth, rich heretical survivors of a distinguished family. Has 3 brothers and 2 sisters; has Catholic paternal kinsfolk and heretical maternal kinsfolk. Studied letters since boyhood. Healthy, except for a pain in his chest which has not troubled him for a year. Last month discussed his future with his uncle Gervase Pole; met Robert Arden, who was about to go oversea and advised him to accompany him to St. Omers; told his mother, who wept and suffered 3 weeks' insomnia; preferred to go against her than to lose his soul. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [556J Ego Robertus Dolman annos agens circiter 26ex aut 7em natus fui in Castello quodam (nomine) Gunby in Comitatu Eboracensi, inibique quoad 15m annum attigeram, educatus. Parentesque habeo non inferioris gradus aut familiae atque etiam satis opulentes, nec non fratres, vel sorores omnes praeter heredem ipsum Catholicos, eundemque iam Schismaticum existimo; alios autem Cognatos, praeter duos Avunculos, qui alicuius notae sunt arbitror esse Catholicos. Quantum autem ad studia spectat, liberalioribus ferme semper vacavi, modo autem in Anglia variis in locis, modo in Belgio videlicet Audomari, nec non Duaci sed ibi litteris Philosophicis dedi operam, modo in Hispania sed ibi propter inopinatam aegritudinem quae me initio corriperat coactus fui iis studiis paululum inhaerere quae a Casubus Conscientiae denominationem suam sumunt, atque ex his omnibus (Dei maximo benificio) haud mediocres: hausi fructus. Neque unquam inter omnia haec studia ulla usus sum incommoda valetudine donec Hispaniam petissem, ubi quartana febre correptus vix unquam, ante 3es annos ferme elapsos, plane convalui. Aegritudinem autem animae (quae omnium dicitur maxime quam voco scrupulum) non possum etiam praeterire, qua etsi non semper, tamen alternis vicibus per 40r paene annos aegre admodum fui detentus, et de sanitate recuperanda plane desperassem (ut mihi tunc videbatur) nisi a Confessario uno ea in re expertissimo (nam aliquando, ut mihi fideliter referebat, eodem morbo detenibaturt) fuissem sanatus: et exinde ita, dei gratia, convalui ut alium etiam eadem medicina sanaverim. Quinimo nefandum illud haereticorum venenum non nisi decimum sextum annum infecerat, tuncque temporis desist ere caepit ubi


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

297

Audomarum ad Collegium Patrum appulissem: interim autem nihil memorabile, nihil un quam contrarii accidisse me in praesente latet. Quod denique ad vitam E cclesiasticam spectat, adeamsuscipiendam me paratissmum exhibeo; et si quid praeter Collegii disciplinam machinatus fuero digne satisfacere pro viribus conabor. ROBERTus TERETTUS SUMMARY

[556] DOLMAN Robert, alias Tyrwhitt, 25 or 26, born at Gunby Castle, Yorkshire, educated there until 14. Son of rich parents of good family; has Catholic brothers and sisters except for the heir who is schismatic; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk except for 2 uncles. Studied letters in various places in England, and at St. Omers; philosophy at Douai and later in Spain; there fell suddenly ill, and had to study cases of conscience; had more than average success. Was healthy until he went to Spain, there fell into a quartan ague and did not recover for 3 years; suffered from scruples from time to time over 4 years, until cured by an expert confessor; later himself cured another by the same medicine. Was poisoned by heresy when 15, and cured on reaching St. Omers. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [557] Ego Ioannes Gadburius decimum fere octavum annum agens. Londini natus, ibique educatus fui per maximam vitae partem. Parentes mei haud sane ignobiles, mediocris fortunae, boni ac devoti Catholici, qui ut fidem suam tuerentur non minimum quidem, passi sunt. fratres mihi sunt duo, ambo me ipso minores itemque sorores duae min ores etiam; Praecipui amici, utpote duo Avunculi ita addicti haeresi ut ab ea nullo modo se di'~'elli sinant, caeteri fere omnes Catholici In libris, ut tulit libido parentum, lib enter acquievi; ex quibus fructum tantum quantum licuit capere, cepi. studiorum initia . ducta sunt Londini, in Belgio deinde perfecta sunt. Graeca et Latina aliqua ex parte calleo. Hactenus in omni fere vita percommoda usus sum valetudine, quamvis non defuere aliquando, quae firm am et integram valetudin em perturbarent, quod ad aegritudines animi, illae quidem non frequenter interveniebant, quod si intervenissent, in iis curandis tollendisque consilium a patribus spiritualibus semper expetivi. Nunquam haereticus vel Schismaticus extiti, semper Catholicorum ritu vixi: Ego quidem nihil passus sum, parentes vero multa. Multis profecto ac gravibus de causis, hanc ego vitam mihi instituendam duxi: religiosam nempe, cum ut animus vacuus et liber a molestiis et curis mundanis, facilius evolaret ad Deum. tum ut iis omnibus instructus quae ad persequendum illud munus, ad quod a Deo, ut spero, ordinamur, necessaria sunt, in Angliam proficiscar, et


298

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

supra nominatos amicos in veram et Catholic am fidem instruam : patriae me omnino devovi, in e0<1ue curam omnem meam, operam, et industriam locavi; ut aliquando perditam et afflictam, at que a vero Dei cultu abhorrentem, (Ipso rerum omnium conditore iuvante) denuo ad Christum reducam. tt IOANNES MAYNARDUS 1 SUMMARY

[557] GADBURY John, alias Goldin, alias Maynard, born and

brought up in London. Son of noble Catholic parents of average means who have suffered for religion. Has two younger brothers and two younger sisters. Has two uncles determined heretics, but mostly Catholic kinsfolk. Began to study letters in London and completed his studies in Belgium; knows some Latin and Greek. Healthy hitherto in adverse circumstances. Always a Catholic; has not suffered for religion. Desires to be a religious.

1616 [558J

Ego Emmanuel Lob, qui nunc, quantum coniectura auguror, tertium cirdter et vigesimum annum ingredior, in oppido quodam Hamptoniensis comitatus, (Portsmouth incolae dixere) natus atque educatus sum. Parentes habui (nunc enim habeamne, an secus, haud equidem scio) genere humiles, re tenues, vitae instituto proh dolor! haereticos. Pater diu ante meum inde discessum abierat e vivis: Matri vero, id temporis superstiti, duos proficiscens reliqui fratres, alterum natu maximum, minimum alterum, utrum que autem haeresis alumnum. Annos ferme undecim natus, Matris iussu in Lusitaniam traieci, quo earn linguam intime callens, ad mercaturam subinde factitandam instituerer. vix inibi initium commorandi feceram, cum haereseos etiamtum comprimis tenax, in patrem Henricum Floyd, qui per idem tempus Ulyssippone in domo professa agebat, felici casu devenio. Is me, verbis ultro citro que habitis, haereticum subodoratus, continuo in haeresim invehitur, orthodoxam fidem collaudat, denique opinionem meam funditus profligat evertitque. Ab hoc itaque bono Patre con versus in alia omnia abire, mentemque haud paullo saniorem inducere caepi Eodem Patre Floyd auctore, caeteris negotiis abstractus, animum ad litteris ibidem appuli, annis in humanitatis tyrocinia uno at que altero insumptis, Audomaropolim deinde in Belgium commeavi. Hic vero litterarum commendatione, quas a Patre Floyd eo perferendas acceperam, in collegium nostrum cooptatus, pristina studia inde usque 1

"Goldin" erased after "Ioannes".


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

299

ab ipsis prinClpnS recolui, quo autem fructu et progressu, id iis permitto dicendum, quorum interest ferre iudicium de suis. Valetudine semper usus sum percommoda, nullo iam inde duodecim retro annis neque corpus dol ore impediente, neque animum aegritudine; nisi quod sub adult am aestatem caloris vehementia capiti nonnihil officiat, non ita tamen ut vel praepediat studiorum cursum, vel consuetas exercitationes interturbat Quod vero ad vitae modum attinet, dico aioque eum esse mentis meae sensum, id animi votum, ut in accurata domesticae disciplinae observatione progrediens, tandem aliquando dignus existimer, qui sacerdotio inauguratus, vitam ecclesiastic am ineam, dextramque labanti patriae pro virili porrigam, sive sacerdos secularis, sive, quod ut praeoptem, inclinat animus, religiosus. JOSEPHUS SIMONIS SUMMARY

[558] LOBB Emmanuel, alias Joseph Simons, c. 22, born and brought up at Portsmouth. Son of humble poor heretical parents. Lost his father; left his mother still alive. Has 2 heretical brothers, one older and one younger. Crossed to Portugal when 10 at his mother's command, so as to learn the language and become a merchant; soon after arrival met Fr. Henry Floyd, who was in the professed house at Lisbon; was converted by him, and began to study letters; after a year or two went to St. Omers and was received into the College on Fr. Floyd's recommendation and began his studies afresh. Healthy these last 12 years, except for headaches from the heat, which did not disturb his studies. Desires to be a secular priest, or preferably a religious. 1616. [559] Nomen mihi est Franciscus, cognomen Platt, sum aetate octodecim annorum, natus Batringtone[?] in provincia quam vacant Barkshear, ibidemque educatus. Parentes habui Bartholomeum Platt et Margaritam Platt nobili oriundos genere et patrimonio satis amplo ditatos. eosdemque Catholicae ac Romanae fidei retinentissimos. atque ideo bona suarum facultatum parte hastae subiecta solum paternum vertere et in N ormandiam migrare compulsos. frat res quinque ac totidem sorores. Pater me et unico sibi fratre assumpto Italiam versus e Normandia navi conducta est profectus: sed de via fratrem Neapoli in Gallia Cordigerorum curae reliquit. me vero fidei potestatique sacerdotis cuisdam Angli Parissiis commissitt, ipse Romam continuo perrexit : unde rediens febris ardore perustus[?] vita excessit totius familiae nostrae cervicibus gravissima inflicta securi. Mater calamitatum ac miseriarum cumulis oppressa cum vix ad vitam filiorum suamque sustentandam satis suppeteret in Angliam auxilii caussa navigavit. Haec de parentibus.


300

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Ego Audomarum missus sum: Ubi quinque cum medio annos non sine vulgari progressu studiis humanitatis operam navavi. Audomari duorum fere annorum spatio infirma usus sum valetudine, sed earn deinceps faciliorem et firmiorem habui: mens vera variis aliquando scrupulis tenebatur anxia, sed iis iam prorsus Dei benignitate absolutus sum Magnum me tenet desiderium harum regularum observandarum, precorque Deum immortalem ut illud semper sactumt tutum conservare dignetur. SUMMARY

[559] PLATT Francis, 18, son of Bartholomew and Margaret, born at Batrington, Berkshire. Son of noble rich Catholic parents, who were forced to migrate to Normandy after much of their property had been auctioned. Has 5 brothers and 5 sisters. With one brother he was taken from Normandy by sea towards Italy; was left behind in the care of an English priest at Paris, while his brother was entrusted to the Cordeliers at Neuville; was later sent to St. Omers and studied humanities 5! years. (His father returned from Rome burnt by fevers and died; the mother, left penniless, sailed to England for help.) Was unhealthy 2 years at St. Omers; now recovered. Once suffered from scruples, but is now free. [560J GuilieImus Talbottus, sedecim annorum, in comitatu Lancastrii natus, et ibidem educatus. Parentes habuit nobiles, fratres tres, sorores sex aut septem, qui omnes in Ecclesia dei militant. In Anglia, et in collegio Anglicano Audoma: humanioribus litteris operam dedit. Prosperrima sum valetudine, et animo et corpore, et a septem annis semper fui. Haereticus nunquam fuit. Promitto me Ecclesiasticam vitam suscepturum, et disciplinam collegii 0 bservaturum. GUILIELMUS T ALBOTTUS. SUMMARY

[560] TALBOT William, 16, born and brought up in Lancashire. Son of noble Catholic parents; has 3 brothers and 6 or 7 sisters, all Catholics. Studied humanities in England and at St. Omers. Healthy these 7 years. Never a heretic. Promises to be an ecclesiastic. [561J

[ No Responsa extant]

[562J

[ No Responsa extant]


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[563]

[ No Responsa extant]

[564]

[No Responsa extant]

301

1617 [565] 1. Ego Thomas Roffensis aliter Thomas Rogerus 21, vel circiter agens annum, oriundus vero Burwelli in comitatu Cantabrigiensi, ubi plerumque et altus educatusque fui. 2. Parentes habeo Godfridum et Margaretam mediae conditionis, atque, ut spero, catholicos, fratres vero Guilielmum, Godfridum, et Richardum, sororem Margaretam: amicorum autem praecipui, ac intimi catholicam et profitentur, et tutantur fidem. 3. Operam humanioribus literis pro modulo meo iam inde a pueritia impendi, modo domesticos inter parietes, modo Wisbeci, modo vero etiam Audomaropoli in celeberrimo ilio Anglorum seminario ubi per quinque annos et plus eo, acceptum deo deiparaeque refero, haud paenitendos feci progressus; inde in Hispaniam, permultis in itinere exantlatis laboribus, ad philosophica addiscenda studia sum profectus, unde paucis post mensibus reversus intermissisque aliquamdiu studiis Romam veni. 4. Firma hactenus tum corporis tum animae sum usus utorque valetudine. . 5. Fui aliquando densis ignorantiae tenebris involutus, verum, divina opitulante gratia, septem abhinc annis Reverendo Patre Ioanne Floied salutarem dextram porrigente, ad melior em frugem me recepi. 6. Ad Ecclesiasticam vitam sum propensus. tt THOMAS ROFFENSIS. SUMMARY

[565] ROFFENSIS Thomas, alias Rogers, c. 20, son of Godfrey and Margaret, born at Burwell, Cambridgeshire, and brought up there. Son of middle class Catholic parents; has brothers William, Godfrey, and Richard, and sister Margaret; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk. Studied humanities at home, at Wisbech, and at St. Omers for 5 or more years profitably; studied philosophy in Spain after an adventurous journey; returning after some months left off studies for a while and then set out for Rome. Healthy. Once wrapped in ignorance, but 7 years ago was brought to a better state by Fr. John Floyd. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [566] 1. Ego Ioannes Freman Warwickensis tertium et vigesimum iam agens annum vel circiter natus Tameworthiae et a Parentibus catholicis educatus ac more Romano institutus.


302

RESPON SA

SCHOLARUM

2. Parentes catholicos, qui multa conscientiae causa perdiderunt: eorum status ducentos per annum aureos valeat, quem Fratri mea partem tradiderunt part em mihi in mortem patris reservarunt, (Frater autem schismaticus est) : Sorores modo nullas, cognatos autem plurimos, paucos vero catholicos Verbi gratia Dominum Oswaldum Brocum Equitem Catholicum Ioannem Harringtonum Catholicum Dominum Gualterum Leusonum Equitem Haereticum. 3. Studiis inferioribus quatuor annis operam dedi Audomari, mediocrem in utriusque facultate progressum feci: parum temporis spatium in Anglia quamvis inutiliter consumpsi. 4. Bona laus Deo utor valetudine et animae et corporis, quamvis aliquando specimen aliquod aegritudinis sensi. 5. Semper fui Dei gratia, Catholicus semperque fidem Romanam sum amplexus, et dum vivo, Deo adiuvante, me amplexaturus spondeo: nihil pro Fide hactenus passus sum. vocatus sum a Deo ad eius maiorem gloriam et ad propositum B.P. Ignatii. 6. Deo in istiusmodi vivendi genere servire multis abhinc annis firmiter statui ac proposui; multumque laboravi, ut tandem aliquando ad ilium fi.nem attingere queam, et ut certe arbitror me divina quadam providentia huc a superioribus missum fuisse: ut melius ilium acquiram : tt SUMMARY

[566] FREEMAN John, of Warwickshire, c. 22, born at Tamworth. Son of Catholic parents worth 200 gold crowns a year who suffered much for the faith, and who handed over part of their property to his schismatic brother, and have reserved part for himself on his father's death. Has now no sisters, many kinsmen but few Catholics; is related to Sir Oswald Brooke, Catholic, John Harrington, Catholic, Sir Walter Leveson heretic. Studied 4 years at St. Omers; and some time uselessly in England. Always a Catholic. Cailed by God to his greater glory and to the vow of St. Ignatius. [567]

Robertus Houltbeius proprium mihi nomen est, annumque iam vigessimumt numero. locus nativitatis S. Oswaldum appeilatur, pagus quidam in teritoriot Eboracensi, ubi ad quatuor annos Haereticorum document is informatus et educatus sum. Parentem habeo neminem, uterque enim Catholicus mortuus est. Fratres habeo tres, itemque tres sorores catholicos omnes. Cognatos hos habeo Haereticos Thorntonos, Butleros, Chateros, Alkwithos, Bulluccos. hos vero Catholicos, Houltbeios, Medcalphos, Ratc1iffos, Waitos, Francos, Methamos. latinis litteris Audomari, triennio dedi, de profectu vero, quem exiguum esse satis constat, ex aliis, quam de me ipso cognoscatis malim.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

303

valetudine firma et integra semper hactenus usus sum, nec vel minimus ullius morbi tentationibus commoveri soleo. Haereticus aliquando fui, et ab ea opinione ad verum evangelii lumen per Reverendum Pat rem Richardum Houltbeium ante decem annos revocatus sum, de caeteris nihil. Nihil mihi prius in votis est, quam ut deo favente vitam ecclesiasticam suscipiam, meque ad observandam huius Collegii disciplinam accommodem, una hac exceptione, si aegra et infirm a valetudo vota et proposita mea non impediat. laus deo deiparaeque. SUMMARY

[567] HOLTBY Robert, 19, born at Oswaldkirk, Yorkshire, and educated there heretically 4 years. Has lost both parents, Catholics. Has 3 brothers and 3 sisters all Catholics. Is related to the Thorntons, Butlers, Chaytors, Akwiths, Bullocks, all heretics, and to the Holtbys, Metcalies, Radcliffes, Waites, Franks and Methams, Catholics. Studied Latin 3 years at St. Omers with slight progress. Always healthy. A heretic until 10 years ago, when converted by Fr. Richard Holtby. Desires to be an ecclesiastic unless ill-health prevents him. [568] Nomen verum est Iacobus Daltonus, aetas in vigesimum iam annum perducitur. natus sum in comitatet Eboraci, Educatus ibidem 14 annos, deinde in Galliam linguae eius discendae moribusque instituendi gratia contendi tum in patriam post annum cum medio reverti, ubi aestate cum amicis transacta Audamarum postremo anavigavi, ubi 4 annis in latina lingua comparanda positis huc me contuli. Pater est de Equestri ordine, Schismaticus, Mater Catholica, horum reditus sunt circiter 1000 librae (ut dicunt) sterling in annos singulos, fratres 7 sororem 1, cognati proximi sunt, Sheffildi, ut Dominus Sheffildus praesidens Eboraci, frater avae meae. Constabli omnes. Ellikeri Turretti. Latinae linguae studui, quo in studio quos fecerim progressus Audamari et quantos mihi dictu est difficule, ita tamen studui, ut caeteris semper mihi nunquam satifecerim. t Semper propemodum recta sum usus valetudine nisi cum semel re mihi ex animi sententia non cedente aegrius paullo tulissem, in febrim incidi. Animo semper fui catholicus, sed cum aliquando a paterna domo decederem inque amicorum nonullorum haereticorum disciplinam me tradidissem, frequentabam conciones et exercitia haeritica, sed postea ad parentes reversus haeritica cuncta repudiavi. Nihil mihi potius est quam ut haec omnia ad maio rem Dei Gloriam et ex superiorum voluntate praestem.


304

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[568] DALTON James, 19, born in Yorkshire, brought up there 14 years, then went to France to learn the language; returned to England after 1t years; spent the summer at home and then sailed to St. Omers; after 4 years there learning Latin came hither. Son of a schismatic knight and a Catholic mother, worth ÂŁ1000 a year; has 7 brothers and 1 sister; is related to Lord Sheffield, Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire (his grandmother's brother) and to the Constables, Ellerkers and Tyrwhitts. Healthy, but once fell into a fever when his will was thwarted. Always a Catholic at heart, but once when away from home attended heretical sermons and services with his heretical guardians; repudiated heresy on returning home. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [569] 1. Nomen vere[?] proprium quo recte appellor Richardus est Pearsonus annum autem ago decimum nonum atque Holdini in comitatu Eboracensis fui natus ibique educatus. 2. Parentes mediae sortis sed potius pauperes quam divites pater aut em Sismaticus mater vero catholica quae nuper multa in Anglia pro fide catholica passa est quod aut em ad fratres atinett fratrem habeo plane nullum sorores aut em quatuor atque cognatos multos sed precipui partim sunt haeretici partim Catholici. 3. In Anglia vero in civitate quae vocatur Hul spatio duorum annorum fui versatus ibique litteris humanioribus operam dedi sed valetudinis causa domum revert ere fui coactus ubi unius anni spatio cum parentibus vixi sed anno transacto Barnabeam missus fui quo in loco spatio trium annorum habitavi deinde Babthorpae, postea fidei causa do mum regressus Audomarum sum profectus ubi tres substiti annos progessum aliquem in studiis humanioribus feci. 4. Quod ad valetudinem attinet plerumque in Anglia recta valetudine usus sum sed Audamari spatio trium mensium adversa valetudine usus sum ibique uno abhinc anno multis variisque animi perturbationibus tentationibus nimirum demonis maxime fui affiictus atque ab illo tempore malancholiae maxime fui deditus. 5. Semper usque ad decimum tertium annum haereticam vitam egi sed post conversion em matris Babthorpum missus fui, ubi catholicus sum factus sed pro fide catholica nihil adhuc sum passus, quod me maxime vexat. 6. Tribus abhinc annis hanc ecclesiasticam vitam agere maxime desideravi. tt Laus Deo SUMMARY

[569] PEARSON Richard, 18, born and brought up at Howden, Yorkshire. Son of middle class rather poor parents, the father a schismatic, the mother a Catholic who has recent ly suffered much


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

3U5

for religion in England. Has no brothers and 4 sisters; has many Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities 2 years at Hull, was forced to return home though illness; lived a year with his parents; was sent to Barneby for 3 years and then to Babthorpe; returned home for religion's sake; went to St. Omers and studied humanities for 3 years. Healthy while in England, but was ill 3 months at St. Omers; a year ago suffered many temptations of the devil and since then has been afflicted with melancholy. A heretic until 12, was sent to Babthorpe after his mother's conversion and there converted ; regrets he has not suffered for religion. Has desired to be an ecclesiastic these 3 years. [570]

1. Proprio vocor nomine Thomas Walkerus, annum iam agens (ut puto) undevigesimum, Duaci natus ibique ad duos annos educatus, in Angliam deinde traieci ubi ad quatuor Londini annos vixi, tunc vero in comitatem t Eboracensem iter suscepi, ubi ad decimum tertium annum vitam transegi, inde vero Londinum reverti, sic denique Audomarum, deinde huc Romam. 2. Pater media stirpe natus, mater vero nobili, et secundis satis fortunis utente, Pater scismaticus, mater autem catholic a ; duos teneo fratres haeretticos, unamque eadem religione sororem, cognatos possideo multos tum nobiles, tum plebeos, a parte paterna cunctos haeretticos uno dempto, a materna aut em omnes catholicos, a patre cognatos, et avunculos, Georgium Walkerum, Antonium Walkerum, utrosque heretticos, cognatum Dominum Brandum cum filiis catholicum, hosque praecipuos. A Matre, Avum[?], Dominum Barnforde, cum filio, equitem Thomam Bisshope; et Thomam Stapletonum mortuum habui avunculum. 3. Aliquando in comitatet eboracensi literis ad exiguum tempus operam dedi, inde ad annum integrum studia relaxavi, et otiosus vixi, et sic nunc in studiis, nunc in variis rebus tempus consumpsi, parum tamen in studiis donec Audomarum veni fructum hausi. 4. In optima semper vixi valetudine, aliquando tamen brevi interceptus febris iactatione; sed ullo[?] perturbatus desolatione. 5. Dum Duaci cum avunculo et matre vixi, catholicus fui; eodem parimodo mortuo a vunculo Londini cum matre vixi ad sextum annum, tum vero missus ad patrem, in aliena mensa collocatus magistri opera factus sum haereticus, in quo statu vixi ad annum decimum sextum; ubi demum matris industria factus catholicus, sed quia apud praeceptorem collocatus fui, id propositum exequi non patuit satis matur~ tempore. at matris tandem persuasu fierem invito praeceptore catholicus, quo viso non amplius me doceret, sic Audomarum veni. 6. Semper in optatis habui ut hanc vitam Ecclesiasticam sequerer, qua patriae opem ferrem ; tt finis Laus Deo.


306

RESPON~A

~CHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[570] WALKER Thomas, c. 18, born at Douai, brought up there 2 years, then lived 4 years in London; lived in Yorkshire until 12, then returned to London; went to St. Omers and thence to Rome. Son of middle class schismatic father and noble Catholic mother, both rich; has 2 heretical brothers and 1 heretical sister; has noble and plebeian kinsfolk, all except one on his father's side heretics, all on his mother's side Catholics. Is nephew to heretics George and Antony Walker, and cousin to Mr. Brand and his children, Catholics. Through his mother is related to Mr. Barnforde and his son, and to Sir Thomas Bishop. Is nephew to Thomas Stapleton, deceased. Studied humanities for a short period in Yorkshire; abandoned study for a year; learnt little until he went to St. Omers. Always healthy except for short fevers. Was a Catholic while he lived with his mother and uncle at Douai, and while he lived vvith his mother in London after his uncle's death; but when living with his father was converted to heresy by his master, and remained so until 15; then became a Catholic through his mother's efforts, though he could not carry out his intention for some time because of the hostility of his tutor. On his conversion was rejected by this tutor, and so went to St. Omers. Has always wanted to be an ecclesiastic. 1618 [Endorsed: 1617] [571] 1. Vocor Christophorus Maniwaringus alias Lathomus. Viginti annorum his proxime elapsis diebus (ut Autumo) vel vigesimi primi curriculum confeci. Ex Provincia Lancestrensi a teneris continuo annis fide catholica, et probis moribus a Parentibus instructus atque educatus. 2. Parens uterque nobili stirpe oriundus, ex amplissima enim Maniwaringi familia Pater originem duxit. Mater vero e celeberrimis Tarbucki aedibus processit. Utrique orthodoxae fidei propugnatores acerrimi. omnibus fere bonis semel atque iterum nudati prorsus atque spoliati. carceris custodiae aliquo temporis spatio Pater fuit addictus. nunquam tamen (Dei gratiae) de recta Romana fide vel tantillum destitere. et siquidem ad inferiorem dignitatis gradum persicutionibust addicti, constanti tulere animo. fratres habeo quatuor, tres Catholici, de quarto sum plane incertus, si quae tamen in eo vigeat religio, (ut spero) Catholica est. Sorores totidem Catholicae omnes. Cognati quidam Catholici, quidam vero haeretici, praecipui tamen omnes haeretici. 3. Ad nullam aliam scientiam, nisi scientiam litterarum animum unquam applicavi. exiguum tamen fructum ubique locorum ex studio collegi: donec concessa tandem a Superioribus facultate in numerum electorum Adolescentum Audomaropoli eram adscriptus. quod beneficium quam pectori infixum teneo (iudicet Deus). unde etiam quicquid est, scio enim quam sit exiguum hausi.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

307

4. Aliquot abhinc mensibus interiorem quendam dolorem in laevo latere satis quandoque mihi molestum sensi: iam vero ab aliquo tempore (ut vere dicam) Beatissimae Dei Matris beneficio intigert reddor et robustus. nec quicquam obest, quo minus animu5 non sit pacatus et tranquillus. 5. Quoad vitae statum, nihil mihi unquam potius in votis fuit, quam ut in miserrima nostra patria haeresi fere obruta aliquando infinitis in dies ruentium animabus, ope, doctrina, pietate, sanguine denique ipso succurrere possem. quippe nihil universus orbis habet gloriosius, quam ut pro Pat ria et Christo quis sanguinem et spiritum effundat ultimum. A teneris unguiculis Romanae fidei amator et fautor fui. 6. De observanda Collegii disciplina dum hic vixero, quoad me spondeo ac polliciort pro viribus conservaturum. demum in omnibus aliis quantum in me sit urn erit, Superiorum expectationi respondere conabor atque studebo. Laus Deo, Deiparaeque Virgini. SUMMARY

[571] MAINWARING Christopher, alias Lathom; just 20 or just 21 ; brought up a Catholic in Lancashire. Son of noble and staunchly

Catholic parents, who were twice despoiled of their goods but bore all with constancy. (His father was imprisoned some time. His mother is of the Tarbock family.) Has 3 Catholic brothers, and one doubtful Catholic brother; has 4 Catholic sisters. Has both Catholic and heretical kinsfolk, but the more important are heretics. Studied letters, but with little profit until admitted to the college at St. Omers, where he learnt all that he knows. Some months ago felt a pain in his left side, but has now recovered, thanks to the B.V.M. Desires to be a martyr. Always a Catholic. [572]

[ No Responsa extant]

[573]

1. Nomen vocatur Franciscus Stephanus. iam ago vigesimum annum. In Provincia Cornubiae et in civitate Stae. Columbae in lucem editus fui. ibidemque educatus. 2. Parentes ortum suum a clara familia traduxerunt. bona eorum quid em conditio est. fratrem unum, unamque sororem habeo. cognatos ferme omnes Haereticos. 3. Humanioribus studiis semper operam dedi, studuique in Collegio Anglorum Audomari. ubi progressum satis felicem feci. in litteris. et ex classe Humanitatis hue veni. 4. Aliquando bona usus sum corporis valetudine, aliquando satis mala, animae vero semper recta. 5. Ex sale Haereticorum ad Catholicam cymbam opere cuiusdam Iesuitae vocatus fui. cuiusque industria ad Collegium Anglorum


308

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Audomari fui missus, in quo itinere ob fidem Ronamamt nihil perpassust fui. 6. A teneris annis optimum desidteriumt circa vitam Ecclesiasticam habui. tt STEPHAN US FRANCISCUS. SUMMARY

[573] STEPHENS Francis, 19, born and brought up at St. Columb, Cornwall. Son of rich noble parents; has 1 brother and 1 sister; has mainly heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities at St. Omers successfully, came hither from the class of humanities. Sometimes healthy and sometimes ill. Was converted from heresy to Catholicism by a Jesuit who sent him to St. Omers. Has desired since childhood to be an ecclesiastic. [574] 1. Andreas Stonas. viginti annorum, Eboracensis. ac inter domesticos lares per septem annos in quodam oppido eiusdem patriae, quod Eastrow appellatur, studiis disciplinisque educatus. 2. Parentes catholici, nobili stirpe exorti, qui quondam divitiis fioruere, at iam propter fidem catholicam in pauperem statum sunt redacti: fratres (ut opinor quatuor, sorores sunt duae, praecipui autem cognati catholici; uno aut altero excepto. 3. Poesi non sine summo studio, et progressu operam dedi, primo per septem annos (ut ante dixi) in paterna domo, deinde quatuor in Collegio Anglicano Audomarensi, inde consilium accepi in Hispaniam proficiscendi de audienda philosophia, quo inter tres menses mutato, reversus sum. 4. Optima tam corporis, quam animae valetudine utor, etiamsi aliquando levi aliquo capitis dolore oppressus fuerim. 5. Catholicus a primis annis semper fui, sicuti parentes, frat res et sorores. 6. Ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam toto corde, et toto anima (ut ita dicam) sum affectus. tt IOANNES CUTHBERTUS ALIAS ANDREAS STONAS. SUMMARY

[574] STONEHOUSE Andrew, or John Cuthbert, of Yorkshire, 20; educated 7 years at home at East Row, Yorkshire. Son of noble Catholic parents brought from wealth to poverty by their religion. Has 4 brothers, 2 sisters, all Catholics; has mainly Catholic kinsfolk. Studied poetry with enthusiasm and success, first for 7 years at home, then 4 years at St. Omers; was advised to go to Spain to study philosophy, but changed his mind and returned within 3 months. Healthy except for occasional headaches. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

309

1617 [575] Ego Guilielmus Hargravius in Provincia Lancastrensi natus sum, in Provincia Eboracensi ad octavum usque vel non urn aetatis annum educatus, deinde ad natale solum a Parentibus revocatus: Ago iam vigesimum annum. Pat rem habeo Guilielmum, Matrem Aloysiam, hanc Catholicam, ilium schismaticum, utrumque honesto loco natum. Quando ex Anglia discessi parentum status et conditio fuit, et hoc tempore, quantum n~vi, eiusmodi est ut satis facultatum ad se et familiam tuendam habeant. Duae sorores, fratres sunt quatuor quorum unus Sacerdos est e Societate lesu. Cognati omnes, praeter unum videlicet dominum Burkum, haeretici. Per integrum quinquennium in Seminario Audomarensi humanioribus litteris operam dedi, Grammaticam, Poeticam, Rhetoricam attigi, in quibus licet tantos non fecerim progressus quantos a me multi fortassis expectabant, quantosque debebam, industriam tamen tantam adhibui quantam potui maximam. Corpus eiusque partes omnes ac sensus adeo sani at que integri sunt ut nullam plane infirmitatem aut in praesenti sentiam, aut alias senserim nisi quod anna superiore in Hispanico itinere in morbum quendam ex nimia emissione sanguinis inciderim ex quo sic convalui ut nullum eius vestigium remaneat. Cum puer eram haereticorum conciones adibam. sed quid esset haereticus, quidque haereticorum sibi commenta vellent penitus ignorabam. Posteaquam vero per aetatem lic[e]b[at] intellegere poteram ilias haereticorum insanias, et qualis esset fides Catholica nonnihil percipere, caepi haereticos odio habere, atque ab eorum templis et concionibus abstinere, meque Catholicum profiteri. Hoc ubi advertissent quidam haeretici, condiscipuli mei, in me contumeliosi esse caeperunt, volueruntque per vim in quoddam haeriticorum Templum pertrahere ut ibi eorum sacris interessem. Tantilium hoc cum nondum essem rever a Catholicus pro fide Catholica pertuli, in omni vita aliud nihil. Mox a Reverendo Patre, Patre loan. Scroupo Societatis lesu instructus, edoctus, Ecc1esiae Catholicae ascriptus sum. Vitam Ecc1esiasticam per dei gratiam agere atque Collegii disciplinam observare proposui, quod ut exequar ad maio rem Dei gloriam, patriaeque utilitatem gratiam mihi largiatur Pater et Fillius et Spiritus Sanctus. Amen. GUlLI ULMUS HARTUS. SUMMARY

[575] HARGRAVE William, alias Hart, 19, son of William and Louisa, born in Lancashire, brought up in Yorkshire until 7 or 8, then recalled home. Son of respectable parents who have enough to support their family; the father a schismatic, the mother a Catholic. Has 2 sisters, 4 brothers, one a Jesuit. Has heretical kinsfolk, and u


310

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

one Catholic kinsman, Mr. Burke. Studied humanities 5 years at St. Omers, viz., grammar, poetry and rhetoric; in spite of keen effort did not make expected progress. Always healthy except for a disease on his Spanish journey last year due to excessive loss of blood; has now recovered completely. As a boy went to heretical sermons, before he knew what heresy was; when he came to the age of discretion began to hate heresy and to avoid heretical churches and to proclaim himself a Catholic; was insulted by heretical fellowpupils who tried to drag him by force to a heretical service. Was reconciled by Fr. John Scrope S.J. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1617.

1617 [576] 1. Nomen, Edoardus Richardsonus, annos ago plus minus 16 natus Hamptoniae, qua in civitate incertus sum. Educatus sum primum in provincia Northamtoniensi Harrahovii[?] deinde Audomaropoli in Seminario Anglicano. 2. Parentes habeo (Deo sit !aus) fortunae tenuioris, sed Catholicos et pios, fratres habeo 4, sorores 3, omnes (Deo sit laus) fide Ca tholica apprime imbutos. 3. Studui partim in Anglia sub Sacerdote Religioso Societatis, partim in Seminario Anglicano Audomaropoli Rhetoricam operam navavi septennium, biennium vero musicae operulam tribui. 4. Valetudine usus sum semper commodissima, nisi semel in Anglia memini variolis laborasse. 5. Deo sit laus fui semper Catholicus, numquam quicquam pro fide perpessus sum, sed pati desidero. 6. Desidero vitam Ecclesiasticam agere et affiictae patriae pro tt virill succurere, EDoARDus RICHARDSONUS. SUMMARY

[576] RICHARDSON Edward, c. 16, born in Hampshire, educated at Harrowden in Northamptonshire and at St. Omers. Son of poor Catholic parents, has 4 brothers and 3 sisters all Catholics. Studied in England under a Jesuit. At St. Omers studied rhetoric for 7 years and music for 2 years. Always healthy, except for smallpox once in England. Always a Catholic; regrets that he has not suffered for religion. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1617. [577]

[ No Responsa extant]

[578] 1. Ego Thomas Longeville alias semperque idem novemdecim iam annorum, in provincia Buckingamiensi natus haud pro cuI ab


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

311

urbe quam vulgo Stonistrateforde appellant, et in eadem provincia primum una cum parentibus educatus, post vero Audomari. 2. Parentes communi conditione et statu, quo plerique solent esse nobiles; sex aut septem frat res habeo, nullos alios nullasque sorores novi, cognatos plurimos habeo, Catholicos paucos, sed praecipui qui 10. vel 12. sunt numero, uno aut altero dempto omnes haeretici sunt. 3. In Anglia nullis studiis operam dedi nisi uno aut altero mense partim in paterna domo. partim in villa quadam nomine Hogsdon ubi studui paulisper latinae linguae sed parvo aut nullo potius emolumento, postmodum vero partim in Flandria bergis studui figuris et grammaticae partim Audomari Rhetoricae aliqua dei gratia utilitate. 4. Semper satis bona corporis valetudine fui nisi quando que laboro capite. 5. Ego, ut pueri solent, cum in Anglia essem, eadem fui religione qua parentes, sed parentes primo fuerunt haeretici, atque ita me fuisse Haereticum non ausim dicere; quomodo autem postea mater fuerit conversa sunt longae ambages sed summa sequor vestigia rerum. Cum pater ex dolore quodam capitis interiisset, mater per trieterida vel circuiter vidua tandem nupsit Domino Guilielmo Windesoro ex Hiberniae bellis nuper redeunti, mactato iam capite comite Essexiae ; Haque dominus Cissol non ipsius contentus sanguine in eiusdem etiam socios et Duces saeviit, quosdam morte, quosdam carcere, Patrem vero meum mu1ctavit exilio: Haque ille cum esset fere semper Catholicus, summo licet conatu adduxit matrem cum duobus eiusdem filiis Audomarum ibi omnes conversi inter quos ego unus. 6. Vitam ecclesiasticam quo affiictae patriae et amicis propemodum omnibus fer am opem, desidero et Deo auxiliante propono. Hac aut em intentione dum hic mansero, omnibus cum collegii tum superior urn decretis me sedulo obtemperaturum spondeo. THOMAS LONGEVILLUS. SUMMARY [578] LONGEVILLE Thomas, 19, born near Stony Stratford, Bucks, and brought up by his parents in the same county. Son of noble parents, has 6 or 7 brothers, and many cousins, including a few Catholics and 10 or 12 heretics. (On the death of his father, his mother, after 3 years widowhood, married Sir William Windsor who had just returned from the Irish wars after the beheading of the Earl of Essex; Windsor was involved in the Earl's ruin and was banished by Cecil.) Studied Latin for a few months in England, at home and at Hoggeston, with little profit; studied figures and grammar at Bergen in Flanders and rhetoric at St. Omers more successfully. After a quasi-heretical childhhood was taken with his mother and brother to St. Omers by his Catholic stepfather, and was there converted with them. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.


312

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[579] 1. Mihi verum nomen est Ioannes Faucknerus, alias 10: Falconus, decimum octavum ago annum. natus fui in comitatu Vilchistrensi, Salisburiae, et maximam aetatis partem transegi in domo paterna, inde amicorum auxilio in Galliam ad addiscendas humaniores litteras in civitate Audomarensi, missus fui, et inde Romam veni. 2. Parentes honesti et catholici nuper conversi, fratrem habeo nullum, sorores vero duas, maiorem natu catholicam et religiosam, minorem vero haereticam. Cognatos et propinquos habeo plurimos sed omnes paene haereticos. 3. Litteris humanioribus studui in Anglia, et Audomari. 4. eram ad tertium decimum aetatis annum haereticus, et a patruo, qui est e Scietatist Iesu, ad fidem catholicam traductus. mihi unquam passus fui. 5. Optima semper usus fui valetudine, et nunquam nisi semel, in ullum morbum incidi. 6. Optimum per dei gratiam sentio in me desiderium ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam, et Collegii disciplinam dum hic mansero observandam. IOANNES

F ALCONUS.

SUMMARY

[579] FAULKENER John alias Falcon, 17, born at Salisbury, Wilts, and brought up there until sent to France to learn humanities at St. Omers. Son of respectable and newly converted parents; has no brothers, one sister a religious, one sister a heretic. Has many kinsfolk, mainly heretics. Studied humanities in England and at St. Omers. Was a heretic until 12, then converted by a Jesuit uncle. Healthy; only once diseased. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [580] 1. Ego Guilielmus Clarcus vero nomine appellor; annos sum natus octodecim, in lucem editus et susceptus in comitatu Staffordii, in civitate vero quae vulgo Lichifilde nuncupatur. Inde rus dimissus ad nutricem haereticam a parentibus meis. haereticis fui, qua cum triennium mansi. Interea temporis accidit ut mater mea e vita emigraret haeretica existens. Pater vero bona omnia me nihili nec sororem natu grandiorem pendens partim aleae lusu perdidit, partim vendidit. Tum ad avum meum agricolam praedivitem delatus. decennium ferme sub eius tutela peregi. 2. Parens uterque meus agricolas maiores suos agnovit; pater vero meus necessitate coactus haereticus semper existens fabrilem artem est professus. nullum alium fratrem habeo vel habui. Soror mihi adhuc superest una quae Sanctissimo Divae Clarae ordini Graulingis nomen dedit. Avum et aviam habeo, item amitas tres,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

313

et avunculos duos Haereticos. Item duos avunculos et unam amitam Catholicos. 3. Audomari in collegio Anglicano quinquennium operam navavi literis humanioribus, nimirum Figuris, Grammaticae, Syntaxi, Poesi, quibus in studiis (Deo adspirante) haud vulgariter profeci. 4. Corporis quid em valetundine usus sum hactenus satis commoda, animae item (uti spero) ex quo conversus fui. 5. Tredecim annos haereticus vi xi , tum forte fortuna avunculi mei patris Iohannis Wilsoni litteris ex Anglia accersitus, opera et studio Iesuitae cuiusdam patris Schotti Audomarum salvus et incolumis veni, ubi libenter catholic am fidem sum amplexatus. Nihil interim (quod scio) Iesuita hoc molestiae ab haereticis passo. 6. Dei gratia auxiliante propono synceret sacro sacerdotii ordine tt initiari. GUILIELMUS CLARCUS. SUMMARY

[580] CLARK William, 18, born at Lichfield, nursed by a heretic in the country for 3 years, brought up for 10 years by his grandfather, a rich farmer. Son of parents of farming stock, the father a heretical smith. (His mother died a heretic before he was 3; his father, caring nothing for the respondent or his elder sister, gambled and sold his goods.) Has no brothers; has one sister a Poor Clare at Gravelines. Has a grandfather and a grandmother, 3 aunts and 2 uncles heretics; also 2 uncles and 1 aunt Catholics. Studied figures, grammar, syntax and poetry 5 years at St. Omers with unusual success. Healthy. A heretic 14 years, then summoned from England by letters from his uncle Fr. John Wilson; reached St. Omers safely through the help of Fr. Scott S.].; there reconciled. Desires to be a priest. [581]

[ No Responsa extant]

[582]

Nomen verum a sponsoribus Rogero Seys avo mea et Arnaldo Basset avi gratia mihi impositum est nomen Rogeri Seyes. Aetatem vero annorum octodecim decimo Maii praeterritit huiusce Anni 1617 dei gratia peregi et ita ad novemdecim tendo Locus N ativitatis est villa parva vocata Bovertowne parochiae nominatae Lantwit maior Comitatus Glamorgan Diocaesis Landaff Cambrobritanniae unde pater (emptis agris cum domiciliis in Swanzey urbe maritima maioris sui status emolumenti gratia) discessit et postea mansit in Swanzey ubi nati sunt illi septem filii et duae filiae mihi fratres et sorores duo autem alii fratres et sorores nat i sunt in Bouertowne supradicta Educatus autem domi per novem annos quatuor discendo vel in schola domi propriae annos ex supradictis consumpsi unum annum in Catsash comitatus Monmothiae, quinque annos partim in Sewanzey, partim in parochia


314

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Lanmas mille passuum distans a Bouerton supradicta in schola fui Annum ante adventum in Galliam domi non scholae fui Annum in Rupella urbe galliae ante meam conversion em et ultimum annum partim in monasterio Euc1astrensi et partim in Itinere consumpsi. Pater est Richardus Seyes filius Rogeri Seyes supradicti Armigeri Iusticiarius pacis et Atturnatort Reginae Elizabethae per tredecim comitatus cambriae quae officia etiam patri fuerunt et partim restant quoniam pater est armiger Iustitiarus et Attornator praecipuus Regis Iacobi in praemissis comitatibus sed decem aliis divisit legislatoribus suis amicis tres solum Glamorgam Brecnock et Radnor sibi reservavit Habet reditus 600 librarum Angliae per annum. Avnuculus Alexander Seyes frater patris habitat Iuxta Newport Comitatus Monmothiae in Grindfild quasi mille spatium de newport habet redditus per Annum 300 libras Mater est maria Evans filia Lysonis Evans de Neath Comitatus Glamorganiae iuxta mare Armigeri et quondam Iusticiiariit pacis Iamque senex acquievit ab illo officio Avunculos ex parte matris 3 habeo David Evans Armiger redditus 160 Libras in villa de Neath supradicta Nicolaus Evans gen de langenuith in commitatu Carmathen habet redditus 80 Libras Guilielmus Evans gen de Neath supradicta habet redditus 60 Libras et Avus in manu retinet (nempe Lyson Evans) redditus 100 Libras sorores matris duae Catharina Evans nupta Matheae Price Armigero I usticiario pacis De court y Came Com: Glammorgan iuxta fluvium vocatum Luchur Redditus 500 aut 600 Librarum, Anna Evans nupta David Powell de parochiart de Landow gen: Redditus 80 Libras Dominus Iohannis Harbert Secretarius Regis privati Consilii est frater Avae Margaritae herbert nuptae Lysoni Evans de Neath avo Meo et multos habeo amicos eius nominis: de fratribus et sororibus supradictum. placeatne ut eos nominem et de studiis quoque dictum. Humanioribus solum litteris operam navare conatus sum de profectu et progressu de loco ubi operam dedi supra scriptum. Quomodo vocatus ad sanctam Catholicam fidem amplectendam fuerim Cum essem Rupellae (omnino haereticus) me collocavi pro parvo tempore apud scriptorem ut discerem scribere apud quem manebat et convict or erat Iuvenis Hibernus Catholicus qui mihi aliqua familiaritate prius coniunctus fuerat quam illic veneram, hic admotis saepe numero precibus ut secum venirem ad .videndam illam splendidam Ec1esiamt vocatam Sanctam Margaritam Rupellae Ad hunc propositum secreto per muros urbis ambo praetereuntes Invenimus Patres ordininist oratorii quatuor inferius deambulantes quorum unus Reverendus Pater Beniamin Quesneau[?] vocatum ad se hibernum quia ilii prius erat cognitus Interrogavit ab eo quisnam essem qui Respondit quod essem Anglus haereticus et quod secum ad visitandam ec1esiamt ibam et quod loquebar Latine et ilie ad me veniens ad multum tempus de fide Catholica longo sermone perducto suasit ut ilium iterum alloquere Interea frater


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

315

discessit in Angliam et cum eum secundo essem allocutus con versionem feci et mihi suasit sumere quantum foret mihi pecuniae at istinc discedere ad monasterium Euc1astrense prope urbem pictevensem cum littera sua et antequam illuc perveneram spoliatus a militibus omnibus istis pecuniis quas habui Ita ut illuc nempe ad monasterium fere nudus venerim ubi per tres menses commoratus sum et postea illinc cum eorum omnium concessa et scriptis ut hue venirem discessi illuc veni 15 die Octo bris Anno 1616 et discessi 6to februarii Anni dicti. Valetudine gratia dei bona Hoc instanti tempore fuort sanitateque recuperata potior Nulla assueta (Laudem deo refero) aegritudine unquam vexatus fui. Propositum meum et desiderium est Ita iam me reformare et Laborem sub ire ut observata semper collegii disciplina In posterum sim paratus et aptus in vocatione aliqua ec1esiasticat qua deo placuerit acceptum talentum reddere. SUMMARY

[582] SEYES Roger (so named by his godparents, Roger Seyes his grandfather, and Arnold Basset, after the former), son of Richard Seyes and Mary Evans, born 10.5.1599 at Boverton in the parish of Llantwit Major in Glamorgan, whence his father moved to Swansea, having bought houses and land there. Was brought up at home for 9 years; spent 4 of these in the local school, and one at Cat's Ash, Monmouth; spent 5 years partly in Swansea and partly at school in the parish of Llanmaes a mile from Boverton; stayed at home for his last year in England; spent a year at La Rochelle before his conversion; spent the last year partly in the monastery of Les Chateliers and partly in travelling. (His grandfather, Roger Seyes Esq., J.P., was Attorney of Queen Elizabeth for the 13 counties of Wales; his father, Richard Seyes, Esq., J.P. is likewise principal Attorney of King James in Wales, but has kept only the three counties of Glamorgan, Brecknock and Radnor for himself, distributing the remaining 10 to his friends. The respondent's mother is daughter to Lyson Evans Esq., of Neath, Glamorgan, a retired J.P. who still keeps £100 a year.) Has 2 brothers and sisters born at Boverton, and 7 brothers and 2 sisters born at Swansea. Is nephew to Alexander Seyes of Greenfield, a mile from Newport, Monmouthsire, worth £300 a year; to David Evans Esq., of Neath, worth £160 a year; to Nicholas Evans gent. of Llangennith, Carmarthenshire, of £80 a year: to Catherine Evans, wife of Matthew Price Esq., J.P. of Court-y-Carne, Glamorganshire, by the river Llwchwr, worth £500 or £600; to Anne Evans wife of David Powell of Llandow, gent. of £80 a year. Is great-nephew to Sir John Herbert, wife to Lyson Evans of Neath; has many kinsfolk of the same name. Whilst living at La Rochelle to learn writing from a scribe, being at that time a heretic, he was persuaded by an Irish Catholic fellow pupil to visit the splendid church of St. Margaret;


316

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

walking on the city walls, saw four Oratorians walking below; was introduced to Fr. Benjamin Quesneau, one of the four, as a Latin-speaking English heretic; was exhorted to become a Catholic; was converted on his second meeting with Fr. Quesneau, after his brother's departure to England; was persuaded by him to take his money and go to the monastery of Les Chateliers near Poitiers with a letter of recommendation; was robbed of all his money by soldiers on the way; arrived at the monastery almost naked; lived there from 15.10.1616 to 6.2.1617 and was then permitted to set out for Rome. Is now healthy, having recovered from illness. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [583]

[ No Responsa extant]

[1618] [584] 1. Gulielmus Haughtonus. viginti circiter annis natus. et litteris semper imbutus. 2. Pater Schismaticus. Mater catholica. Fratres duo, unus Catholicus; alter schismaticus. tres sorores catholicae. Amici praecipui qui nobiles sunt haeretici vel schismatici. 3. Literis humanioribus variis in locis Angliae studui ubi nihil propemodum progressus feci, donec Audomarum veni. 4. Semper bona valetudine fruitus sum. et fruor. 5. fui Schismaticus sed materna educatione et instructione Catholicam religionem ingrediebar. 6. Nihil magis desidero quam vitam ecclesiasticam; et earn tt amplecti mens mea a pueritia cupivit. SUMMARY

[584] HAUGHTON William, c. 20. Son of a schismatic father and a Catholic mother; has one Catholic brother and one schismatic brother and 3 sisters all Catholics. Studied humanities in various places in England; made no progress until he went to St. Omers. Always healthy. Was a schismatic, and was converted by his mother. Since childhood has desired to be an ecclesiastic. [585] 1. Verum nomen est Franciscus Caterus, aetas paullo plus 20 annorum Locus nativitatis Laugtonia pagus in comitatu Lincolniensi, educatio semper lib era et in bonis litteris. 2. Pater est generosus (uti dicunt), fuit ad aliquod tempus advocatus, sed modo privatus vivit, facultates eius haereditariae non admodum amplae fuere, quas tamen sua industria multum auxit ad 200 libras per annum. Mater honesta familia nata ab illustribus Berraeorum et MOljttanorum familiis originem traxit,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

317

utraeque tamen familiae ip. comitatu Lincolniae iam paene sunt deletae. Fratres habeo 5, sorores 4, quorum omnium nemo, quantum ego scio, hactenus catholicae ascriptus est Ecclesiae, omnes quos scio amici et consanguinei exceptis tribus quatuorve sunt haeretici Pater Schismaticus mater a pauco tempore Catholica. 3. Litteris humanioribus hactenus operam dedi, sicuti et olim Musicae nullo paene profectu, eo quod et animus et industria propria deerat. Prima rudiment a domi paternae in communibus scholis accepi. quibus iterum melius et perfectius Eboraci fui imbutus. Postea Audomarum missus amiss a recuperavi et plus didici 4 annorum tempore. 4. Valetudine plerumque commoda sum usus, nisi quod duobus primis annis, quibus Audomari studui, subinde dolore capitis et febribus laboraverim[?], ex ilio tempore bene satis habui de anima vero, aegra saepissime fuit, plura enim proposuit, quam praestitit. 5. More paterno ecclesias et conventicula haereticorum usque ad duodecimum aetatis annum frequentavi, sed tum opera Anthonii Berraei Avunculi mei charissimi ex ista miseria eram ereptus. Is post reditum ex Flandria ubi ad duos et amplius annos sub Rege Hispaniae militaverat, alium fratrum meorum maiorem me natu sibi tradi ad educandum et in catholica fide instruendum obnixe rogabat, sed frustra, nam Pater ' fratris mei ingenii tardit atem utpote minus aptum ad bonas artes capessendas causabat; Non quievit tamen Avunculi charitas, novam petitionem instituit, me a patre sibi concedi petivit, et difficulter tandem obtinuit, nimius enim[?] amor (ut verum fatear) prope me perdiderat. Avunculus voti compos me Eboracum misit educandum, ubi in carcere inter Catholicos enutritus, una cum praeceptis Grammatices, praecepta Catholicae Ecclesiae didici, doctus maxime a constanti ilio Confessore Clemente Hodgsono Generoso ob fidem incarcerato cuius animae Deus aeternum reddat praemium. Inde domum revocat us post duos annos in maximum discrimen adductus fui, et de me actum fuisset ni Deus adiuvisset: Urgebat Pater, ut templa haereticorum repeterem suadebat, iubebat, tantum non minitabatur, dicebat me obedire debere, ast ego sine ulla .ratione fui constans Deo adiuvante, et tantum dixi non volo : Et plura quae nunc me fugiunt. Noluit tamen me ad antiquum praeceptorem remittere, sed ad alium avunculum haereticum cum quo ad annum sum commoratus, in eodem paene periculo vixi, neminem enim habebam qui me vel confirmaret, vel doceret. Interea alter Avunculus animae meae studiosus procurator advenit et multis precibus obtinuit, ut in p:::rtes transmarinas mitterer Ubi maximo Dei beneficio labentia stabilivi . . 6. Propositum meum tale est: statuo dei gratia auxiliante me totum divino cultui consecrare, quod nulla ratione melius perficiam, quam si me ad ecclesiasticum ilium vitae statum applicem, igit ur finem Collegii si deus dignetur, libentissime amplexabor. tt FRANCISCUS CATERUS ALIAS BERRAEUS.


318

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[585] CATER Francis, alias Berry, over 20, born at Laughton, Lincolnshire. Son of a retired schismatic advocate who inherited little but has now ÂŁ200 a year; is descended on his mother's side from the Berrys and the Mountains, both now almost extinct in Lincolnshire. Has 5 brothers and 4 sisters, non-Catholics. Has a Catholic mother, recently converted, and 3 or 4 other Catholic kinsfolk. Studied letters and music with little progress; learnt rudiments in common schools at home and at York; learnt more in 4 years at St. Omers. Healthy except for headaches and fevers in his first year at St. Omers. Attended heretical churches until 11, was then rescued by his uncle Antony Berry who, returning from over 2 years military service for the King of Spain in Flanders, asked to be allowed to bring up the respondent's elder brother a Catholic, and on being refused asked for and obtained the respondent himself. Was sent by him to York where, living in the prison with Catholics, he learnt grammar and religion from the confessor Clement Hodgson, gent. Was recalled home; for 2 years resisted his father's efforts to make him return to heretical churches; was sent for a year to another heretical uncle, and finally sent oversea at the instance of his Catholic uncle. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [586] Patre vocor Georgius Wyldus, matre Coquus, aetatem nescio, sed quamprimum de ea certior ero factus, superiori earn fideliter exponam, Cemsei Worcestriae loco fui natus, ibique per quinque annos educatus, postea Londinum usque nescio quam ob causam secum mater me duxit, dein elapsis aliquot annis in Essecsiam fui missus, sic Londini, Worcestriae, Essecsiae fuit educatio. Parentes, ut spero, fuerunt catholici, de matre sum certus de patre omnino nihil, quia cum nondum unum aetatis annum attigissem, moriebatur, eorum status satis amplus et copiosus, conditio nota et antiqua, frat res habeo quatuor, et sorores duas cognatos de eodem nomine quamplurimos, qui omnes duobus fratribus exceptis Schismatici sunt. Hactenus humanitati operam dedi et in illa scientia, Audomari studiosus, aspirante deo et beatissima virgine, progressus amplissimos feci. Valetudinem corporis et animae optima plerumque sensi et sentio, ali quando tamen utriusque aegritudinem pessimam fuisse notavi. Haereticus aliquando fui, tandem opera Reverendi patris Keely (qui tunc temporis erat laicus) ex Anglia fui eductus, et per Reverendum patrem Leum bonae memoriae conversus. Desiderium et propositum quod habeo ad Ecclesiasticam vitam agendam satis honestum esse constat, ut possim patriae afHictae et pene oppressae sub venire , sed earn non nisi longa experientia si unquam, quippe res est magni momenti, amplecti statuo, idcirco


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

319

quot annis annuum reditum sicut Audomari, persolvere stat sententia, collegii vero disciplinam, dum illic mansero, profiteor me observaturum. SUMMARY

[586] WYLDE George, born at Kempsey, Worcestershire, and brought up there 5 years; was taken by his mother to London and some years later sent to Essex. Son of a Catholic mother, nee Cooke, and of a possibly Catholic father who died before he was one year old; both were rich and of good family. Has 4 brothers and 2 sisters and many kinsmen; all schismatics except for 2 brothers. Studied humanities at St. Omers with great progress. Now healthy; at times was very ill in body and soul. Was once a heretic; was brought from England by Fr. Keighley, then a layman, and was reconciled by the late Fr. Lee. Desires to be an ecclesiastic, but only after long experience; wishes to pay yearly as at St. Omers. [587] Meum verum et proprium nomen est Guilielmus Percihaus alias Percie; habeo vigintat unum annorum, nomen loci meae nativitatis est Riton[?] in Comitatu Eboracensis; Educatio mea fuit semper modo nobilis. Pater meus est Thomas Percie de Riton in Comitatu Eborasensis Armiger, habuit duas uxores quarum una fuit filia natu maior Rogeri Vuiveli de Osgarbie in Comitatu Eboracensis Armiger[i] altrat filia unica Marmaduci Vuiveli de Burton in Comitatu Richmond equitis aurati: Pater et noverca mea quae nuct vivit sunt schismatici; mea mater quae est mortua erat (ut puto) haeritaca. habeo solummodo unum fratrem et ille est schismaticus: habeo quinque sorores quarum duae sunt Catholicae, duae haeriticae, et altera schismatica; Cognati mei praecipui ex parte Patris sunt Richardus Fermer de Somerton in Comitatu Oxoniae; Franciscus Plowden de Shiplack in eodem Comitatu Armiger, Guilielmus Winscombe de Noke in eodem Comitatu Armiger et Robertus Percie de Midhurst in Comitatu Sussexiae nobilis, ipse solus est schismaticus, caeteri vero omnes Catholici; Cognati mei precipui ex parte Matris sunt Rogerus Vuivelus Armiger, Carolus Tankardus Armiger, et Thomas Bilbent[?] de Wetherbie in Comitatu Eborasensi Armiger. Humanitati solummodo studui Eboraci et inde aliquantulum profeci. Valitudinet Corporis fruor et a teneris annis plerumque fruitus sum, valitudinet vero animae fui aliquando orbatus sed nunc fruor. Usque ad decimum septimum annum meae aetatis fui haereticus, sed postea vivendo cum cognato mea Richardo Fermero equite incepi aliquantulum ad fidem Catholicam fiectere et esse schismaticus in quo statu permanebam usque ad adventum meum Bruxellas in qua Civitate per aliquos dies vivens habui familiaritatem


320

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

cum quodemt religioso ex societate Iesu cuius nomen est Ovenus Shelleus et ab ipso fui conversus ad fidem Catholicam amplectendum vicessimot octavo die Augustiaet quae fuit in anno Domini 1618, nihil accidit mihi in hoc negotio, nec aliquid passus sum. Ad vitam Ecclesiasticam agendam ex meipso sum indeferens t : et disciplina Collegii mihi valde arridet. per me GUILIELMUM PERCIE. SUMMARY [587] PERCEHA Y William, alias Percy, son of Thomas Esq. , of Ryton, Yorkshire, and of the daughter of Roger Wyvell Esq. of Osgodby; born at Ryton and brought up as a nobleman. Son of a schismatic father and a heretical mother now dead; has a schismatic stepmother, the daughter of Sir Marmaduke Wyvell of Burton in the county of Richmond. Has 1 schismatic brother, 2 Catholic sisters, 1 schismatic sister, 2 heretical sisters. Is related through his father to Richard Fermer of Somerton, Oxon; to Francis Plowden Esq., of Shiplake, Oxon; to William Winscombe Esq., of Noke, Oxon; all Catholics; and to the noble Robert Percy of Midhurst, Sussex, schismatic. Is related through his mother to Roger Wyvell Esq., Charles Tankard Esq., and Thomas Bilbent Esq., of Wetherby, Yorkshire. Studied humanities at York with some progress. Healthy in body since childhood; once lost health of soul but has recovered it. Was a heretic until 16 ; was drawn to Catholicism while living with his cousin Sir Richard Fermer; remained a schismatic until arrival in Brussels; was reconciled by Fr. Owen Shelley S.]. on 28.8.1618. Is indifferent concerning ecclesiastical life. [588]

[ No Responsa extant]

[589] Cum sacro fui baptismate initiatus nomen mihi datum fuit Thomas, Audomari vero in confirmatione nomen Ioannis Fosteri accepi ; primum supra vigesimum annum ago, in villa duobus ab Eboraco miliaribus distante cui nomen Erswig in lucem sum editus ibidem que educatus. Pater mihi fuit Gulielmus Fosterus nobilis, frater natu malor Richardus Fosterus Armiger: Sorores habeo duas quarum una in matrimonium da[ta] est Francisco Hogsono nobili, Altera Olyssippone in monasterio vi[tam] religiosam agit, frater meus secundus Thomas Fosterus vocatur sacerdos in hoc collegio quando que alumnus: utroque parente sum orbatus, pater meus Antwerpiae in Flandria mater in Anglia extremum reddiderunt spirit urn : amicos ex parte matris nullos novi, ex parte patris duos avunculos pariterque duas amitas habeo, quorum omnes (uno avunculo excepto, qui moniliabust Olyssippone a confessionibus praeest) matrimonium


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

321

inierunt, amitae ambae catholicae, alter meus avunculus haereticus est. Humanioribus literis Audomari in collegio Anglicano operam dedi, inde Hyspalim in Hispaniam ad collegium Anglicanum a superioribus missus sum, unde post auditum poenet philosophiae cursum discessi. Semper a pueritia valitudinet secunda sum fruitus, nec quoad in mentem revocare possum ullo morbo sum impeditus. Quo tempore in Anglia commoratus sum hereticus catholicusve fuerim ignoro, nec quid religio tum esset novi; cum foris essem templa hereticorum frequentabam, dum domi nec cum heriticis ad templum me conferebam, nec etiam sicut catholici assuescunt preces ullas recitabam. Audomari a Reverendo Patre Henrico Thundero ea quae ad catholiam fidem pertinent addidici. Nullum in me sentio ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam desiderium, collegii vero regulas ~um hic manserim pro meo virili quam exactissime observabo. Ihon Mounctann[?] SUMMARY

[589] FOSTER Thomas, alias John Mountain, confirmed John at St. Omers, son of William, noble, 20, born and brought up at Earswick, 2 miles from York. Has elder brother Richard Foster Esq., one sister married to noble Francis Hodgson, another a religious at Lisbon; has a second brother Thomas, priest and former alumnus of this College. Lost his father at Antwerp and his mother in England. Does not know his mother's family; has 2 uncles (one confessor to the Lisbon nuns, the other a married heretic) and 2 aunts, both married and Catholics. Studied humanities at St. Omers; almost completed the course of philosophy at Seville. Always healthy. While in England attended heretical services while away from home; at home avoided both heretical services and Catholic prayers. Learnt Catholicism from Fr. Henry Thunder at St. Omers. Does not desire to be an ecclesiastic. 1618

[590] 1. Verum nomen est Edoardus Giffordus, aetatem habeo annorum 18, natus fui in privata domo nomine Ashmours, in provincia Staffordiensi, educatus in ludo litterarum partim, partim dein otiosus. 2. Patrem habui Richardum Giffordum armigerum, a multis iam annis defunctum, Matrem Elizabetham Leusonam, Gualteri Leusoni Equitis sororem adhuc vivam, Catholicos utrosque, ut et fratres omnes et sorores. Cognatorum alii haeretici alii Catholici sunt. 3. Humanitatis studia in seminario Audomarensi inchoavi et absolvi, nam in Anglia studuisse me an verius nugatum fuisse dicam parum interest,


322

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

4. Valetudine, laus deo, plerumque fui bona; quamvis nonnunquam superficialibus morbis infestatus. 5. Catholicus semper fui educatus. 6. Non alio animo in huius Collegii disciplinam me contuli, nisi ut eius leges et praescripta pro viribus observarem. De vitae Ecclesiasticae electione tantum hoc dico, Confirm a hoc deus quod operatus es in nobis; hoc nempe desiderium tibi in perpetuum serviendi corro bora. SUMMARY

[590] GIFFORD Edward, son of Richard Esq. (long dead) and of Elizabeth Leveson, born at Ashmore, Staffordshire; educated in a school of letters; later idle. Son of Catholic parents; is nephew to Sir Walter Leveson. Has Catholic brothers and sisters, Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. Studied the whole course of humanities at St. Omers, his English studies having been worthless. Healthy except for superficial diseases . Always a Catholic. Desires to serve God for ever. 1618. [591] 1. Nomen meum Thomas Dumford aetatis meae vigin[ti] natus Graftonae in comitatu Wiltis bene educatus. 2. Pater meus Thoma[s Du]mford fuit mediae sortis, mater [femi]na [fi]lia nobilis [haer]etici diviter vivit pater meus, mater mortua, frat res habeo hereticos, sororem h[ereti]cam, cognatos aliquot haereticos, aliquot schismaticos, et aliquot catholicos. 3. Operam dedi grammaticae et Rhetoricae, et in Graecis litteris parum versatus eram schola Shirburnensi in Comitatu Dorset, in quibus studiis bene progressum feci. 4. Valetudine prospera frui solitus eram. 5. Vocatio mea fuit di[u] haeretica usque ad tertium aut quartum diem mensis Ianuarii praeteritum, est mihi Avunculus societatis Iesu quit fuit causa conversionis meae, cum enim inter haereticos vitam agebam, et cum illis versatus eram, et illud Avunculo meo schismaticu[s] amicus dixisset, statim cupit se notum facere patri meo, et parat me vivere secum unum annum, et voluit me in literis instituere, et tunc si vellem, et pater daret 20 libras cum duplici vestimento novo et caeteris necessariis, vellet parare mihi locum, ut cum valde nobili adolescente (ut socius) transirem in Galliam, et ibi viverem, sed dixit Avunculus patri meo se nolle amicos meos cum quibus vivebam illud scire, et pater meus, parvo tempore nesciens avunculum meum esse sacerdotem illi me ita facere promittebat, et scribebat me paratum esse redire domum, quandocumque mitteret mihi et ita fueram catholicus pater et amici conversionis meae omnino ignari. 6. [P]ropositum meum est vitam ecclesiasticam agere. tt


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

323

SUMMARY

[591] DURNFORD Thomas, 20, son of Thomas, born at Grafton, Wilts., and well educated; son of rich middle class heretical father and noble heretical mother now dead; has heretical brothers and sisters; has Catholic, schismatic and heretical kinfolk. Studied grammar, rhetoric, and a little Greek at Sherborne School, Dorset, with good progress. Usually healthy. Was a heretic until 3 or 4 January last; was converted through a Jesuit uncle, unknown to his father and family. (This uncle, learning from a schismatic friend that the respondent was living among heretics, asked the respondent's father to let him take the respondent to live with him and learn letters, promising, on receipt of ÂŁ20 and two sets of new clothes and other necessities, to find him a place with a noble youth to cross to France and live there. The respondent's father, not knowing then that the uncle was a priest, agreed on condition that the respondent was prepared to return home if summoned.) Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [592]

[ No Responsa extant]

[593]

[ No Responsa extant]

[594]

[ No Responsa extant]

1619 [595] Ego Henricus Bedingfeildus in Norfo1cia Angliae Provincia natus, partim in eadem, partim etiam in Belgio educatus, decimum nonum iam annum ago. Ex nobilibus et catholicis insuper parentibus oriundus, duos habeo fratres, unam sororem ac multos alios consanguiniost quorum duo sunt scismatici, ceteri omnes praecipiuit, Catholici. Duobus annis Audomari, in collegio Anglorum tribus bruxellis, in Belgio, apud patres Iesuitas me litteris quamvis non debita diligentia semper applicavi. Prospera (laus Deo) valetudine iam utor, ac semper usus fui, nisi pustularum quadam eruptione aliquando laborans qua Audomari ita vexsatust semper fuerim ut semel atque iterum inde decedere fuerim coactus .... Semper a nativitate in catolicat fide me educaverunt parentes mei in qua ad hunc usque diem permansi, nunquam tamen hactenus pro fide catholica aliquid notatu dignum merit us sum patio . . . Dum in collegio hoc mansero eiusdem diciplinam quam accurate (ut spero) observavero, quoad Ecclesiasticam vero vitam quam sacerdotalem esse intelligo, ubi Deo placuerit me ad tantum munus subeundum vocare in vobis vel confessario me saltern, quam paratissimus ero indicare.


324

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[595] BEDINGFELD Henry, born in Norfolk and educated there and in Belgium. Son of noble Catholic parents, has 2 brothers and 1 sister; has many kinsfolk, all Catholics except for 2 schismatics. Studied 2 years at St. Omers and 3 years with the Jesuits at Brussels, not always with due application. Healthy, except for an outbreak of pimples at St. Omers which twice forced him to leave. Always a Catholic. Will tell his confessor if God calls him to be a priest. 1619. [596] 1. Franciscus Harrissius mihi verum nomen est, octodecim annorum ut existimo in Hamptonia in Anglia natus, educatus ma.xima ex parte in Belgio, sub patribus Societatis. 2. Parentes no biles sunt, pater mortuus est Catholicus, mater vivit Catholica, frater haereticus, sorores Catholicae, cognati plerique quantum scio haeretici. 3. Hactenus studiis navavi operam, profectus in iisdem quantum fuerit, Seminarium Anglicanum Audomari testabitur. 4. Quod ad corpus spectat, semper bona valetudine usus sum, anima irae, iisque vitiis quae calida natura gignit maxime est dedita. 5. A prima aetate Catholicus extiti. 6. Erga Sacerdotium magno feror desiderio, erg a religionem ali quam parvo. SUMMARY

[596] HARRIS Francis, 18, born in Hampshire. Son of noble parents, the father deceased; has a heretical brother and Catholic sisters; has heretical kinsmen. Studied at St. Omers. Healthy; is given to anger and hot-blooded vices. Always a Catholic. Desires greatly to be a priest, slightly to be a religious. [597] 1. Nomen verum est Georgius Heskethus, aetatis habeo vigesimum annum et proximo die festo Sancti Michaelis habebo si vivam vigesimum primum. In lancastria sum natus. Educatus sum semper in patria mea praeter sex annos quibus vixi Audomari in Belgio. 2. Parentes habentur ut simpliciter loquor generosi. Pater pro dolor scismaticus. Mater Deo gratias Catholica Fratres habeo sex catholicos quantum scio. Sorores tres. item catholicas. Cognatos habeo et catholicos et falsae sectae. 3. Semper dedi operam literis, eamque Audomari, cum minori, longe fructu (ut candide fatear) quam a me expectabatur. 4. Nunquam corpore male valui. animo vero saepissime cuius


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

325

aegritudinem precor is sanet qui sanabit omnes. Sum autem his malis maxime deditus. Scrupulis, Melancoliae, et allis compluribus. 5. Fui pro dolor ex grege illo nefario Haereticorum, sed per dei gratiam et operam Reverendi Patris Patris Gulielmi Coulingo e Societate Iesu (cui mortuo bene sit) in ecclesiam Christi, nihil passus, receptus. 6. Nescio profecto quid huic pacto satisfaciam. tamen ad vitam mundanam nullo modo afficior. quod vero ad servandas disciplinam huius collegii id unicum opto ut tam bene ad animae salutem observem quam Deus Optimus. Maximus exigit ab ullo studioso qui vel hic unquam vixit vel victurus est. Georgii Alani responsa ad Quaestiones. SUMMARY

[597] HESKETH George, alias Allen, 20 come Michaelmas, born in Lancashire and brought up there except for 6 years at St. Omers. Son of gentry, the father a schismatic, the mother a Catholic. Has 6 Catholic brothers and 3 Catholic sisters. Has both Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. Studied letters at St. Omers with less than expected success. Healthy, but afflicted with scruples and melancholy. Was a heretic, but was converted by the late Fr. William Cowling S.]. Does not feel any affection for the world. [598] 1. Ego Antonius Shelleus 18 annorum cum dimidio, natus in Anglia; in Gallia, et Belgio ab anno 50 educatus. 2. Nobilibus parentibus et Catholicis oriundus. fratres habeo 3 sacerdotes. sorores totidem. cognatos et affines ex parte paterna, ut plurimum catholicos: ex materna vero, omnes fere haereticos. 3. Operam dedi literis in Belgio 8 annis, patribus praesidentibns. sub quibus profeci quidem, sed non quantum potuissem, si maior diligentia affuisset. 4. Secunda corporis valetudine fere semper usus sum; et nunc utor. animae non item. 5. Catholicus (laus deo) semper fui. 6. Amo vocationem Ecclesiasticam. de disciplina huius collegii observanda conabor quod potero. SUMMARY

{598] SHELLEY Antony, 18!, born in England, educated in France and Belgium since his fifth year. Born of noble Catholic parents; has 3 brothers priests and 3 sisters. Has mainly Catholic kinsfolk on his father's side and mainly heretical kinsfolk on his mother's side. Studied letters with the Jesuits 8 years in Belgium; might have made better progress had he been more diligent. Healthy in body, not so in soul. Always a Catholic. Loves the ecclesiastical vocation. v


326

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

[599] 1. Ego Thomas Taylerus 16° die Martii praeteriti, anni 1619, vigesimum attigi annum: a nono aetatis anno Audomari vixi, prius vero in civitate Tadcaster, prope Eboracum, ubi natus fui. 2. Parentes habui Tho. Taylerum, et Mariam Nevellam nobiles, haereticos. fratres nullos; sorores 3 haereticas; affines plerosque haereticos, Avunculum etc.[?] praeter nonnullos qui modo in Belgio versantur. 3. Audomari hactenus literis humanitatis dedi operam ; quantum de progressu, aliquem saltern spero me hausisse. 4. Valetudine bona plerumque usus sum; ab animae aegritudine, passionibus, et similibus liber. 5. Puer vixi haereticus, et templa haereticorum adivi; donee nono aetatis anno ab Avunculo Doctore Taylero (qui tum ab Epistolis legato Hispaniensi erat) vocatus, et ab eo in Belgium missus fui, ubi tribus annis in civitate Audomarensi, caeteris vero 8 in Collegio Ang!. vixi. 6. Quantum de desiderio vitae Ecclesiasticae agendae, null am in me aversionem sentio, nee umquam sensi; sed cum de ilio statu, reliquum consistat vitae, plus temporis, ut considerem, exoptandum putavi; ea ergo de causa ab amicis impetravi ut convictor fierer. SUMMARY

[599] TAYLER Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Neville, born 16.3.1600 in Tadcaster near York; lived at St. Omers since his 9th year. Son of noble heretical parents; has 3 heretical sisters, many heretical kinsfolk, and a few Catholic ones in Belgium. Studied humanities at St. Omers. Healthy. Went to heretical churches as a child; when 8 was summoned by his uncle Dr. Tayler (then secretary to the Spanish Ambassador) and sent to Belgium, where he lived 3 years in the town of St. Omers, and 8 in the English College. Desires time to decide whether to be an ecclesiastic; wishes to be a convictor. 1619. [600] 1. Nomen, in Baptismo fuit Ferdinandus, nunc per Confirmationem Ioannes Pulton. Aetas. est supra decimum octavum annum. Natus fui in Comitatu Buckingami medio miliari ab ipsa civitate, in domo paterna, nomine Bourten. Educatus ibidem. 2. Parentes nobiles, Catholici, Fratres mihi tres, Catholici, Soror nulla, Cognati partemt Catholici partemt Haeretici. 3. Studui Humanitati in Anglia et Audomari et musicae. 4. In Anglia plerumque aegrotus, post exitum numquam nisi semel. 5. Numquam deo gratias Haereticus nee Scismaticus. 6. Ad vitam Ecclesiasticam vel aliam indifferens. tt


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

327

SUMMARY

[600] PULTON Ferdinand, confirmed John, over 17, born and brought up at his father's house at Bourton, half a mile from Buckingham. Son of noble Catholic parents, has 3 Catholic brothers; has Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. Studied humanities and music in England and at St. Omers. Often ill in England, only once since leaving. Always a Catholic. Is indifferent concerning ecclesiastical life.

[601] 1. Nomen est mihi Iohannes Taylerus, annorum viginti duorum natus, provinsiat Eboracum. 2. Parentes habui Catholicos, fratres duos atque Sorores duas quarum una a fide aliena est, Consanguineos reliquos haereticos paene omnes, 3. Audomari operam litteris dedi, Rethoricam audivi, de progressu vero Superiorum hoc iudicium erit. 4. Valetudine recta utor neque ullam mentis patior aegritudinem. 5. Haereticus nunquam fui, ita enim divina Clementia desponentet ut inter Catholicos semper educatus fuerim. De proposito nihil hactenus apud me statui, veneot tamen in utrumque paratus, non surdas Deo aures praestiturus, at que collegii regulas quamdiu hic fuero diligenter observaturus. SUMMARY

[601] TAYLER John, 22, of Yorkshire. Son of Catholic parents; has 2 brothers and 2 sisters (one a non-Catholic), has mainly heretical kinsfolk. Studied letters at St. Omers and reached rhetoric. Healthy. Always a Catholic. Has not decided on his vocation. [602] Ego Thomas Harpur decimo quinto die mensis Martii ultimum transacti decimum octavum annum attigi; natus in provinsciat Staffordiae ibique ad annum duodecimum maxima ex parte educatus dein vero per quinque paene Audomari literis humanioribus operam dedi. Natus sum parentibus Catholicis, unusque tantummodo mihi frater est atque is Catholicus quatuor vero sorores Catholicae omnes, Cognati praecipui sunt aliqui Catholici aliqui haeretici. De progressu humanioribus in studiis hoc aliorum relinquo iudicio. Valetudine secundissima Deo sit laus plerumque fruor Catholicus semper fui Cupioque si in posterum visus fuerim idoneus suscipere sacros ordines sacerdotales. 1619.


328

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[602] HARPUR Thomas, born 15.3.1602 in Staffordshire and brought up there until 11; studied humanities at St. Omers for almost 5 years. Son of Catholic parents, has 1 brother and 4 sisters, all Catholics; has both Catholic and heretical kinsmen. Healthy. Always a Catholic; desires to be a priest. 1619. [602 bis] 1. Est mihi nomen Eduardus Travers, in comitatu Lancastriae natus: 2. Pat rem sismaticum, matrem catholicam habeo, cognatos alios catholicos, alios a veritate alien os , alios denique scismaticos habeo: . 3. Sano corpore praeditus : 4. Sancti Odomari studiis humanioribus navavi operam, profectum autem ad aliorum iudicium derelinquo : 5. In utramque partem sum modo paratus. tt SUMMARY

[602 bis ] TRAVERS Edward, born in Lancashire. Son of schismatic father and Catholic mother; has Catholic, schismatic and heretical kinsmen. Healthy. Studied humanities at St. Omers. Is ready for either [vocation].

1619 [603] 1. Nomen Petrus Biddulphus. Annum ago decimum octavum. N atus sum in urbe Staffordiensi. Educatus partim in comitatu Staffordiensi,. partim in Lancastrensi. 2. Parentes utrique catholici, nobilium censu ditati. 3. Graecae et Latinae linguae in Anglia operam dedi At Audomari classes hum ani ores audivi. 4. Valetudo iam favente Deo firma est, capitis tamen vexatione et renium dolore subinde laboro. 5. Haereticam religionem non un quam agnovi. 6. Ad vitam Ecclesiasticam animus nunquam fuit propensus. tt SUMMARY

[603] BIDDULPH Peter, 17, born at Stafford, brought up in Staffordshire and Lincolnshire. Son of noble Catholic parents. Studied Greek and Latin in England, and passed through the class of humanity at St. Omers. Now healthy, sometimes suffers pain in head and loins. Never a heretic. Has never desired to be an ecclesiastic.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

329

[604] 1. Guilielmus de Fortescuto viginti complevit annos, dornique patemae in Comitatu Buckingham natus atque educatus fuit. 2. Parentes nobiles atque Catholici, sept em dein fratres atque sorores, cognatorumque aliqui. 3. Literis Humanioribus operam Cameraci dedit, parvosque aliquos progressus fecit. 4. Parvam admodum corporis aegritudinem hactenus sensit. 5. A cunabilist Catholicus fuit, parum vero potiusve nihil pro fide sustinuit. 6. Desiderat equidem at que statuit Collegii disciplinam quam diligenter observare dum hic manserit, haud magnum vero desiderium propositumve ad vitam adhuc ecclesiasticam agendam sentit, at si ad ad maiorem Dei gloriam sit, se maius posthac sensiturum sperat atque summopere cupit. SUMMARY

[604] FORTESCUE William, 20, born and brought up in his father's house in Buckinghamshire. Son of noble Catholic parents, has 7 brothers and sisters. Studied humanities at Cambrai, with some slight progress. Never seriously ill. Always a Catholic. Does not yet greatly desire to be an ecclesiastic. [605]

1. De vero nomine. Nomen Robertus Petreus, aetate, annis 28 loco nativitatis, locus in commitatut Devon, educatione, si de religione intelligitur, tum educatio mea fuit haeritica. 2. De parentibus eorumque statu ac conditione, et quosnam fratres ac sorores. Parentes nobiles fuerunt sed conditione haeretici fratres tantummodo unum habeo sorores nullas, cognatos vero nescio quamplurimos, sed vereor sunt pleriumquet haeretici. 3. De studiis et locus studendi. locus Academia Oxoniensis, sed de studiis nescio vero quid respondebo, quia inaniter tempus contrivi meum. 4. De veletudinet corporis et animae, anima mea nunquam saniar corporis aegritudo nulla. 5. De vocatione, an un quam haereticus, et quando, qua via, catholicus factus fui, haereticus semper, usque ad hoc tempus, quando, anna 26 aetatis, qua via, per quendam librum, qui inscribitur Apologiam Protestantium pro Ecclesia Romana nihil adhuc passus sum, sed quando ulla occasio oblata erit deo me assistente semper paratus ero, Deus det mihi gratiam ut vestigia redemptoris mei sequar. 6. De proposito ac desiderio quod sentio ad vitam ecclesiasticam agendam, nescio adhuc deus est ille qui omnia disponit, interim quamdiu hic mansero, ad servandas omnes huius collegii regulas operam dabo.


330

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

SUMMARY

[605] PETRE Robert, 28, born in Devon. Son of noble heretical parents; has one brother, no sisters; has mainly heretical kinsfolk. Studied at Oxford with great waste of time. Was brought up a heretic, and converted when 26 by a book called [Protestants demonstrations, for Catholic recusance.] Healthy. Does not know whether he will become an ecclesiastic. [606] 1. Vocor Thomas Audeonus. Annis (quantum scio) natus sum fere viginti duobus. Baptisatus in Parochia Aber comitatus Carnarvoniensis in principatu Walliae. Adii scholam Bellomarissensem anna aetatis septimo vel circa: ubi ad annum aetatis decimum septimum studui, quo tempore adii Cantabrigiam, ubi in Collegio Iesu pene tres annos Inutiliter consumpsi. ex quo tempore, hinc, inde Catholicae fidei (pro virili) rudiment a imbibens hucusque praeterii. 2. Pater dicebatur Robertus Audoenus de Bodsilin[?] in praedicto comitatu Armiger. Mater dicebatur Laura Coytmor filia Gulielmi Coytmor de Coytmor in praedicto comitatu Armigeri. Utrique mortui haeretici. Fuimus sex frat res ex quibus supersunt quatuor quorum tres Haeretici. octo mihi sorores omnes haereticae, ex quibus sex nuptae. 3. Studui (ut prius) in' Accademia Cantabrigiensi pene per spacium t triennii, quo tempore indignus et sine pecuniis indoctus emi Bachalaureatum. 4. In praesentia (deo gratias) mihi mens sana in corpore sano. Saepius tamen in vita anteacta oppressus eram pleurisi, gravibusque febribus concussus. 5. Hortatu cuiusdam cognati mei nomine Roberti Audoeni Catholici, et (quantum coniicior) Sacerdotis ordinis Sancti Benedicti. huius (inquam) piis (una cum hortatu) exemplis motus, non tamen perfecte conversus, et patriam, et fratres, et sorores aureos pollicentes montes si haereticus persisterem, fugi. peccatorum (post paenitentiam act am) Absolutionem accepi Audomari a Reverendo Patre Henrico Thundero. Ex Anglia decessus aliquantulum erat difficilis, mentito tamen tandem nomine habituque dei beneficio Angliae valedixi. 6. Mihi mens in presentia est, (quam Deus inviolabilem immutatamque conservet) Sacros (cum tempus fuerit subire ordines. tt SUMMARY

[606] OWEN Thomas, c. 22, son of Robert, of Bodsyllin, Carnarvonshire, and of Laura Coytmor, daughter of William Esq., of Coytmor, Carnarvonshire. Studied at Beaumaris school from 6 to 16; wasted


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

331

3 years at Jesus College, Cambridge; bought a B.A.; since then has imbibed Catholicism in various places. Son of heretical parents, both dead; had 5 brothers of whom 3 survive, heretics; has 8 heretical sisters, 6 of them married. Healthy; once suffered from pleurisy and serious fevers. Was half-converted by his cousin Robert Owen (probably a Benedictine); left England in disguise with some difficulty; was reconciled at St. Omers by Fr. Henry Thunder. Desires to take Orders in due time.

[607] Simon Wilsonus sed nomen fictitium, quod a matre sumo Russellus. Decimum nonum ago annum 1620. N atus sum Wirliae in oppido Staffordiensi. Educatus sum in domo paterna, scholamque per 3 annos frequentavi. Patris nomen Ioannes Wilsonus; Matris Aloysia Russellorum: mediocris uterque conditionis. Pater per multos annos vixit Haereticus (fuit enim tum puer, c1assemque frequentavit, cum Rex Eduardus Haereticum servitium, ut vocant, in Ecc1esiam Angl. primum induxit.) ab ilio tempore usque ad hunc annum 1620 vixit Haereticus, tum primo dieMaii A domino Fishero sacerdote, ope et rogatu Domini Stamfordi est reconciliatus. De matris adhuc conversione, nihil audio, multa spero : Tres habeo fratres, quorum natu maximus Richardus Wilsonus est Haereticus satis pertinax, Post ilium sequitur secundus Ioannes Wilson us: qui est Catholicus et Sacerdos, tertius Gulielmus Wilsonus est Haereticus. Sorores mihi sunt 5. 4 vero natu maximae sunt Hereticae et Hereticis coniugatae. 5ta vero natu minima est Catholica et Religiosa Ordinis Sanctae Brigittae Ulissipone in Castilia, quae mecum conversa est. Dum in Anglia mansi, studui, ut dixi, 3 annos sub ministro Haeretico. postea Audomari, dedi operam per 5 annos litteris humanioribus sub patribus Societatis. In litteris Latinis et Graecis, Deo Authore et Duce, satis pro ingenio profeci, ita ut in Anglia et Audomaro semper primas aut secundas tenuerim. Corpore sum non admodum morbis proclivi, neque tamen admodum solido forti, In Anglia non crebro morbis cruciabar, Audomaro vero ter aut quater. A nativitate ad Decimum quartum usque annum aetatis, non dum Catholicae Religionis praeceptis instruct us fui, sed animus tamen (quod fratrem mihi prae caeteris charissimum et Catholicum et Sacerdotem Audomaro haberem) Religionis Catholicae vehementer est inclinatus: tandem accersitus ad Audomarum a fratre, lib enter arripui iter. et sic illius ope factus sum particeps, deo iuvante, Ecc1esiae Catholicae: Per 5 ilios annos ad hoc usque tempus fui Catholicus. Sentio me vehementer inclinatum ad Sacros ordines suscipiendos


332

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Ecclesiasticos[?] cum per aetatem licuerit, et omnia quae mihi imposuerint superiores implendi. Vt aliquam aliquando opem (deo volent e) afflictae patriae afferre possim. Haec omnia synceret ~t bona fide exposui. SIMON RUSSELLUS. SUMMARY

[607] WILSON Simon alias Russell, 18, son of John and Louisa Russell, born at Wyrley, Staffordshire, brought up at home, attended school for 3 years. Son of middle class parents. (His father, a boy at school when Edward VI introduced heretical services, was a heretic until 1.5.1620 when he was reconciled by Mr. Fisher, a priest, at the request of Mr. Stamford. "Of my mother's conversion I hear nothing but hope much".) Has 3 brothers (Richard, a pertinacious heretic; John, a Catholic priest; William, a heretic) and 5 sisters (4 heretics, married to heretics; the youngest .a Bridgettine at Lison, converted with the respondent.) Studied in England for 3 years under a parson; spent 5 years in humanities at St. Omers; always first or second in class. Enjoys mediocre health; had three or four illnesses at St. Omers. Did not learn Catholicism until 13, but was attracted to it because his favourite brother was a priest at St. Omers; gladly obeyed his brother's summons thither and was reconciled 5 years ago. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. . 1620 [608] Quoniam in regulis positum est, ut unusquisque suum parentumque suorum nomen, aetatem, locum denique, ubi natus educatusque fuit, superiori in charta scripta deferat, haec ideo a me eo libentius fieri scitote: et quanquam locum, ubi natus fui, per aetatem recordari non poteram, eum tamen ut ex matre (cui nomen est Anna) nam Pater, qui vocabatur Iarrardus Salvinus, duos annos ante Regis nostri Iacobi in Angliam ingressum, catholicus est factus, et eodem ipso anno quo est ingressus, obiit. Vero appellor nomine Rodulphus [Sa]lvinus, nec (ut opinor) vigesimum aetatis annum adeo attigi. [N on] enim in domo paterna quae Anglice C[ro ]xdall vocatur, duo vel ea circiter milliaria a civitate durhamensi distans, natus eram sed in alio loco minus celebri, qui nominatur Anglice Chilton, eo quod pestis (sic enim aliquando accepi) haud longe a paterna domo tum aberat et postquam pestis de loco decesserat, domum ductus, ibique privatim tum fide catholica, tum iis etiam litteris, quas pueri id aetatis addiscere solent, instruebar. Inde ad superdictam civitatem durhamensem, ubi litteris humanioribus sum[ma] cum pace et libertate conscientiae per tres ann os operam dabam, a matre missus, donec tandem filio cuiusdam


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

333

iustiariit, qui vocatur Wrennus simul cum ÂŁlio domini durhamensis, vel si licet dicere episcopi durhamensis, qui huic in officio praecess[erat] saepe nomen Papistae tanquam ludibrium mihi obiiciente, gravis mihi cum utroque intercessit contentio, adeo ut uni ex illis colaphum inipungerem, qua de causa inde eram dimissus. Postremo Patris Holtbei hortatu Audomarum discendi causa me contuli, ubi maximam quinque annorum part em (exceptis duobus. primis annis) magna non solum cum animi iucunditate et tranquillitate sed etiam nulla fere nec animae nec corporis aegritudine transegi iam vero non tam missus, quam ipse [sp ]onte incitatus firmo proposito et desiderio fervente ad vitam ecclesiasticam amplectendi, tum patriam iuvandi, tum etiam disciplinam Collegii accurate observandi huc demum transmigravi. de patre et matre iam dixi. fratres habeo duos, quorum alter, is videlicet, qui me maior est natu et paternam haereditatem possidet, quinque fere annos ab eo scilicet tempore, quo filiam domini Roberti Hodgsini nobilis in [rna ]trimonium duxit j catholic am fidem admittit, defendit, fovet: alter, qui me minor est natu, ab infantia semper veram et orthodoxam fidem tenuit. sorores autem tres, un am nuptam duas vero innuptas, quae omnes (except a nupta) una cum fratre meo natu minore in domo matris, quae Anglice vocatur Butterwicke a patre ad nos liberos suos catholice civilit erque educandos relict a habitant. plures equidem credo ex reliquis amicis, avunculis ac amitis haereticos quam catholic os fore. Ego Rodulphus Salvinus hoc manu mea subsignatum relinquo. SUMMARY

[608] SALVIN Ralph, son of Gerard and Anne, c. 19, born at Croxdale about 2 miles from Durham, brought up at Chilton to avoid the plague and later at home. (His father was converted in 1601 and died in 1603). Studied humanities 3 years at Durham; was expelled for striking another boy (either Wrenn, a Justice's son, or the son of the Bishop) who called him a papist. Studied most of 5 years at St. Omers, at the suggestion of Fr. Holtby. Has enjoyed serenity and health for the last 3 years. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Has 2 brothers (the eldest, who has the family estates, has been a Catholic since marrying the daughter of Robert Hodgson 5 years ago; the, other, the youngest, has always been a Catholic) and 3 sisters (one married, the others living with their youngest brother at Butterwick, the house which their father left to their mother.) Has mainly heretical kinsfolk. 1620 [609] Ego Henricus Taylerus Duaci in Belgio natus sum, iamque annum decimum octavum attigi. vixi partim cum parentibus in Belgio et in Anglia; partim in Collegio Anglorum Audomari.


334

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Parentibus honestis et Catholicis natus sum. Pater dum vixit Agens fuit Regis Hispaniarum in Anglia vixitque cum eiusdem Regis Legato, ibique mortuus est. Mater degit iam vidua Audomari. Fratrem alterum habeo et plures sorores et cognatos Catholicos. Patruum habeo etiam et cognatos haereticos sive schismaticos. Studui Audomari in Anglicano Collegio ibique versatus sum 7 annis et amplius. Non magnopere videor affici ad vitam ecclesiastic am. interea tt relinquo et submitto me penitus divinae voluntati. HENRICUS TAYLERUS. SUMMARY

[609] TAYLER Henry, 18, born at Douai; has lived with his parents in Belgium and England. Son of respectable Catholic parents. (His father, now dead, was Agent of the King of Spain in England, and lived and died at the house of the Spanish Ambassador; his widowed mother lives at St. Omers.) Has one brother and many sisters; has heretical and schismatical uncles and cousins. Studied for more than 7 years at St. Omers. Has no great desire to be an ecclesiastic.

1620 1610] 1. Nomen meum est Cypria.nus Stevnsonus, Anno sum proximis domini nostri natalitiis vigesimo, locus nativitatis erat Londini, dum parvulus eram rure sub nutrice fui postea vero a parentibus domum nempe Londinum fui accersitus, quibuscum aliquantulum temporis degi, sed patre mortuo ad avunculum quendam nomine Davidem Ringsteddum me contuli, quocum multum temporis otiose vixi reliquam aetatem in studiis traduxi donec perveneram ad Collegium Audomari. 2. Thomas Stevnsonus, et Helena fuerunt parentes mei nec illustri, nec humili sed mediocri familia orti Catholici ambo divitiis non abundantes pater meus fuit scriba: unicum frat rem nomine franciscum, item unam sororem Susannam habui. sed uterque tenera aetate vitam cum morte commutavit, aliqui mei cognati praecipui e vita discesserunt alii non magnae fortunae supersunt. 3. Nulli alii studio nisi litterario operam dedi, sed sub diversis praeceptoribus progressus feci, sub Catholicis praeceptoribus uno anno, sub haeretico aut em medio, postea sub sacerdote in Carc[ere] detento duobus annis studium meum impendi sed praecipue doctrinam meam quam exiguam habeo Audomari in Collegio adept us sum. 4. Valetudine nunc deo favente satis prospera fruor, Audomari tantum spatio medii anni febre laboravi in Anglia raro morbo succubui, ab animae aegritudine liber.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

335

5. Baptizatus Catholico ritu et educatus a Catholicis Parentibus fui et Catholicus usque ad hodiemum diem permansi. 6. Propono vero quoad deus mer?] adiuvat vitam Ecclesiasticam inire. tt CYPRIAN US RINGBEUS. SUMMARY

[610] STEVENSON Cyprian, son of Thomas and Helen, 20 next Christmas, born at London and brought up in the country by a nurse; later lived with his parents in London, and after his father's death with his uncle David Ringstead until his departure for St. Omers. Son of middle class Catholic parents, his father a writing master; had one brother Francis and one sister Susanna, both of whom died young. Has studied letters with Catholic tutors for one year, with a heretic for half a year, and with an imprisoned priest for 2 years; learnt most at St. Omers. Now healthy; was sometimes ill in England and had fever for six months at St. Omers. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

1620 [611] Quod ad verum nomen attinet vocor Eduardus Herrisius vigesimum iam paene aetatis annum agens; Romfordi in [Es]saxia natus, ibique plurimis annis educatus. Pater mihi est schismaticus quid em sed bene erga catholicos affectus, mater a primis incunabulis catholica semper relligione imbuta; pater est eques, materque ex parte Avi (qui eques etiam fuit) illustris domina[?] sorores mihi duae sunt quarum una cum nobili viro Nicolao . . . .. er l (qui iam pridem hic remanserat) nupta est; nulli mihi fratres; reliqui vero amici cognati patrui Haeretici sunt. Cum ad septimum aetatis annum iam pervenissem ad classem me parentes commiserunt; tribusque circiter vel quatuor annis apud quendam locum Hacnei nomine in Essaxia studui; et non mediocrem ex primis fundamentis sensi utilitatem. Maxima ex parte laus deo sanus integer que extiti, vix ullo morbi genere oppressus. Postquam tempus meum bene ac feliciter in litterarum stud [iis ] transegissem cae cis Haereseos tenebris semper involutus, visum patri meo fuit ut in [Gal]liam (linguam addiscendi ergo) commigrarem; Parisiis ita [que] apud hereticum quendam unius anni spatio (nondum ad verum fidei lumen perductus) sum commoratus ; Postea Audomarum (matre sic patrem persuadente) profectus sum, ut illic in Collegio Anglicano existens, in litteris virtute pietate 1

About four letters illegible.


336

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

informarer, ubi Reverendus Pater Thomas Laeus (qui iam e vivis excessit) optima mihi circa fidem decem que praecepta documenta tradidit, tandemque ex his tenebris ad clarum Evangelii lumen reduxit Illic itaque non parvos progressus tum graecis tum latinis litteris feci, sept em annorum spatio alumnus [Co ]llegii exist ens tandemque aliquando superioribus meis visum est ut ad optatissimum hunc di[uque] expectatum locum literas humaniores animo imbuendi ergo) pervenirem. Spero me collegii hiuius regulas disciplinamque diligenter observaturum meque ad ecclesiasticam vitam agendam non mediocriter incitatum esse sentio. 1620. EDWARDUS HOWARDUS. SUMMARY

[611] HARRIS Edward alias Howard, c. 19, born and brought up at Romford, Essex. Son of a schismatic pro-Catholic father, a knight, and a born Catholic mother, granddaughter of a knight; has 2 sisters, one maried to Nicholas - - - ; has otherwise heretical kinsfolk. When 6 was sent to school at Hackney, Essex, for 3 or 4 years. Healthy. After his studies was sent to France by his father to learn the language; lived 1 year at Paris with a heretic; was then allowed by his father, at his mother's entreaty, to go to St. Omers where he was reconciled by the late Fr. Thomas Lee. Studied Latin and Greek there 7 years. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [612] 1. Vocor communiter Robertus Raulaeus, verum autem mihi nomen est. Robertus Rookwoodus. Natus fui 28 die Iulii anno Domini 1588. secundum quam computationem iam tricesimum tertium aetatis annum sum ingressus. Natus fui in parvo quodam pago in comitatu Suffolsiae, qui vocatur Ewston. Educatus fui ab Infantia usque ad decimum et tertium aetatis annum continuo in domo paterna: ubi ab eo tempore quo puerilis aetas ad litteras addiscendas applicari solet, fui sub cur a sacerdotis cuiusdam, qui quondam regnante Regina Maria pastorali officio functus fuerat. 2. Patrem habui Eduadum Rookwooddum de Ewston praedicto armigerum, matrem Elizabetham Brown filiam Guilielmi Brown de domo et familia vicecomitis Montague: quae ultra quam memoria mea repetere possit, mortua est, relictis tribus filiis quorum ipse minimus sum, et quatuor filiabus. Pater meus adhuc est superstes sed propter aes alienum quo est obstrictus e patrimonio suo a credit ore quodam detrusus, et in carcere detentus : Fratres omnes et Sorores catholicam, in qua nati et educati fuerant,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

337

fidem tenent, praeter maximum natu fratrem, qui paucis abhinc annis ab ea descivit. Quoad cognatos, proximus est Antonius Brown de Elsing in comitatu N orfolsiae. Miles matris meae maximus natu frater, qui Iusticiarii fungitur officio is etiam catholicus est, sed occulto: de caeteris mihi cognatione aliqua quocunque modo eoniunctis nihil respondere possum. hoc solummodo quod paucos admodum ex parte patris noverim eatholicos : 3. Post decimum tertium aetatis annum missus fui ad publicam scholam in oppido quodam vocato Brentwood in comitatu Essexiae cui praefuit quidam nomine Ioannes Greenwooddus, qui postea relicta scholae cur a catholicus mortuus est. Ibi duos annos consumpsi. inde quindecem t annorum factus ad patemam domum reversus sum, ibique relicta omni studii cur a me aucupio, venationi, et eiusmodi recreationibus addixi, in quibus perpetuo ad vicesimum octavum usque aetatis annum fui versatus; donee hortatu et suasione Patris cuiusdam e Societate Iesu cui nonnunquam antea mihi ad hoc vitae genus sucipiendum persuadenti restiteram, ratione aetatis meae qua mihi ad litter as perdiscendas minime idoneus videbar, consilium inierim me ad studia quantumvis maxima cum difficult ate addicendi; ad eunque finem consilio quorundam amicorum Audomarum perrexi, ubi tres circiter annos humanioribus litteris operam dedi: quod ad profectum meum in studiis illis attinet, hoc tantum dicere possum, me etiamsi exiguos, maiores tamen expectatione mea fructus collegisse, ut qui quatuordecemt integros annos eiusmodi studiis supersederam. 4. Bona semper et prospera usus sum valetudine, ut qui semel tantum, quantum recordari possum, aegrotaverim, praeterquam quod aliquando, variolis et eiusmodi morbis, qui ex contagione proveniunt, laboraverim, 5. Educatus semper fui vixique ritu catholico, praeterquam quod iis duobus annis, quibus scholam public am frequentavi, praeceptoris monitu, virgae minis, et rumore quodam, quod Pater meus, cum tota sua familia, se, ut aiunt, legibus, conformasset, adductus templa haereticorum accesserim; pro religone vero nihil passus sum, praeterquam quod nonnunquam a praeceptore pro vacatione a templo vapulaverim : In itinere vero Audomarurn versus cum primo essem; mediumque spatium Londino Gravesend cum multis aliis navigio .confecissem, supervenit nobis incautis Satelles Regius Crosse, apprehensosque Londinum reducit, ubi coram Episcopo Londinensi adducti et examinati propter iuramentum denegatum, fuimus ad carcerem qui vocatur N ewgate, missi, in quo omnibus pro libertate mea viis tentatis ae desperatis detentus fui septendecem hebdomadibus, donee quadam nocte inter plateas ut solebamus, transeundum ad eubiculum, in quo a caeteris sociis divertebamus, ego cum alia concaptivo mea capta occasione a communi via defieximus, et


338

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

custodibus valediximus: posteaquam felici auspicio ille Duacum ego Audomarum appulsus sum. 6. Semper mihi in optatis fuit me vitae ecclesiasticae dedere ; sed frustratus omni spe, desiderio meo in hac re satisfaciendi, dum adhuc virili non essem aetate sed sub paterna tutela et iure vivererm, qui saepenumero a sacerdotibus mei nomine sollicitatus, ut sumptus eos, qui pro scholaribus impendi solent, pro me dispensaret, nunquam iis consentire voluit; animum meum ab omni tali cur a et cogitatione abstraxi: sed quoniam rursus ultra omnem exspectationem singulari Dei providentiae placuerit me ad hanc vivendi rationem revocare earn prae omnibus aliis desidero, recipio, et amplector. tt ROBERTus RAuLAus.

.

SUMMARY

[612] ROOKWOOD Robert alias Rawley, son of Edward Esq., of Euston, and of Elizabeth Brown, of the family of Viscount Montague; born 28.7.1588 at Euston, Suffolk; brought up at home until 12, with a Marian priest for tutor. Has four sisters, and two elder brothers, all Catholics except the eldest brother who apostatised some years ago. (His mother died before he can remember; his father is in prison for debt, and has been driven out of his estate by a creditor.) Has cousins, including Antony Brown of Elsing, Norfolk. (His mother's eldest brother, a knight and J.P., is a secret Catholic; on his father's side there are few Catholic.) At 13 was sent to school for 2 years at Brentwood Essex, under a schoolmaster named John Greenwood, who later resigned and died a Catholic. Returning home at 15, he spent his time in hawking, hunting and recreation until 27; was then persuaded by a Jesuit to resume his studies; spent 3 years at St. Omers studying humanities, with greater success than might have been expected after a gap of 14 years. Has been ill only once except for smallpox and other contagious diseases. Always a Catholic, but visited heretical churches while at school, out of cowardice and a false rumour of his father's conforming; was sometimes beaten for missing church. On his way to St. Omers was captured between London and Gravesend by a pursuivant named Crosse; was taken back to London and examined by the Bishop; was imprisoned in N ewgate for refusing the oath; escaped 7 weeks later with one companion as the prisoners were walking through the streets to their separate sleeping-quarters; went to St. Omers while his companion went to Douai. Has long wanted to be an ecclesiastic, but has hitherto been unable because his father refused to pay the expenses oflhis schooling. [613]

[ No Responsa extant]

[614]

[ No Responsa extant]


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

339

[615)1 ... mortis articulum, infernique adduxit ianuam; quando etiam quod bene memini animae pro peccatis sensi aegritudinem, et quod si modo deus vitam concederet, vitae emendationem promisi ex summa misericordia dedit deus; sed vaeh mihi misero quid feci? Deus ex infinita misericordia summaque bonitate me ad vitae emendation em vocavit dimidium annis part em et amplius, priusquam certam de religione Catholica congnitionem habui; saepius vero longe antea persuaserunt et Patruus, et maior natu frater dederuntque libros Catholicos habui et alios quos legi cum attentione, et magno desiderio veri investigandi in hoc vocationis tempore cum precibus diurnis nocturnisque ut scirem sequarque veritatem. et in fine mensis novembris proximae tres (ni fallor) praeteriunt conversionis anni nihil mali (deo gratias) mihi accidit pecunias quasdam et non multas pro religione solvi, nihil aliud passus fui. Ad vitam ecclesasticam propositum habeo firmissimum et cum magno des[ide]ro[?] desiderio antequam enim ex Anglia e[gress]us fui multas et longo tempore divinas habui inspirationes, consolatt tionesque incitantes.

[1621 ] [616] Omnibus his quaestionibus, et capitibus, quibus respondere teneor prius quam admittar ad habit urn et convict urn huius Collegii Anglicani (deo adiuvante) sincere et fideliter respondebo. De vero nomine meo dico, quod appellor nomine Caroli Towneley et sum filius Richardi Towneley de Towneley Armigeri Unius viginti sum annorum et paulo plus; Natus eram in paterna domo, quae dicitur Towneley in Comitatu Lancastrensi ubi etiam pro spatio tredecim vel quatuordecim annorum educatus fui donee Audomarum veniebam ubi per duos fere annos vixi; unde in Angliam redibam et circiter tres annos ibi vivebam in domo patris mei in Comitatu Lincolniensi. et tandem ex Anglia Lovanium veniebam, et ibi per totum annum et plus permansi, donec Romam venibam. De parentibus dico quod et pater et mater sunt Catholici, ille ex familia Towneleorum de Towneley, et ilIa Ashtonorum de Lever[?] in eodem Comitatu, et eorum status (si de annuis redditibus intelligatur) est circiter 1700 libras. Fratres habeo tres sororem unam, Avunculi autem meiex parte patris sunt omnesCatholici uno excepto et sunt tres ex parte matris sunt quinque omnes haeretici, caeteri vero cognati multi sunt haeretici. pauci vero Catholici. In Anglia et Audomari semper studui ubi nee poesim nec linguam graecam un quam didici, In Anglia studui in paterna domo; studui 1

The greater part of this MS has corroded, and only the concluding paragraphs are legible.


340

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

etiam Lovanii ubi philosophiae operam dedi, non multum tamen in ea progressum feci sicut nec in caeteris. De corporis valetudine dico quod in Anglia saepe aegrotabam, Audomari etiam ubi febri laborabam pro semiennio, aliis vero locis semper optime valebam sicut iam. De vocatione dico quod nunquam fui haereticus aut schismaticus sed semper Catholicus, et nihil unquam mihi acciderit circa hoc negotium nec unquam passus sum aliquid. De proposito et desiderio meo dico quod (deo adiuvante) si nihil impediat- sicut aegritudo corporis vel aliquid aliud quod iam non meminero et si tantum progressum in studiis fecero ut possim attingere talem ac tantum dignitatem, et superiores etiam me dignum esse putarint, libenter talem vitam degerem. tt per me GULIELMUM HOLDINUM alias CAROL UM TOWNELEY SUMMARY [616] TOWNELEY Charles, alias Holden, son of Richard Esq., of Towneley, and - - - Ashton of Lever, Lancashire, 21, born in his father's house at Towneley, Lancashire and brought up there until 13 or 14; spent 2 years at St. Omers followed by 3 years in his father's house in Lincolnshire; spent one year in Louvain before coming to Rome. Son of Catholic parents worth ÂŁ1700 a year; has 3 brothers and 1 sister; has 2 Catholic uncles and one heretical one on his father's side; has 5 heretical uncles on his mother's side; has many heretical cousins and some Catholic cousins. Studied in England and at St. Omers; has never learnt poetry or Greek. Studied philosophy at Louvain. Was often ill in England; at St. Omers had a fever for 6 months; otherwise healthy. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [617] Verum mihi nomen est Philippus Lutleius, aetatis annum ago vigesimum, natus fui in paterna domo quae vocatur Bramcrofte, in commitatut Salopiae, maxima ex parte in literis educatus. Parentes mei sunt Catholici ex nobili familia ambo oriundi, de statu quidem non satis absolute mihi constat, census tamen annuus est circa libras tricenast; fratres habeo tres sorores totidem omnes aetate maiores excepta una sorore: cognati ex patre sunt omnes haeretici, ex matre catholici. Literis tantummodo dedi operam eamque exiguam, et propter temporum iniquitatem et propter haeriticorum in parentes odium ignotus longe a paterna domo in aliena diecaesi. Valetudine et corporis et animae utor satis commoda, laborabam postremo anno ex capite et adhuc ex surditate dexterae auris. Semper fui a prima aetate Catholicus. Cupio equidem, et propono deo iuvante me vitam ecclesiasticam subitrurum, et collegii disciplinam quantum possum observaturum. IOANNES PHILIPPI.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

341

SUMMARY

[617] LUTLEY Philip, alias John Phillips, 19, born at his parents' house at Bramcroft, Shropshire. Son of noble Catholics worth ÂŁ300 a year; has 3 brothers and 3 sisters, all older than himself except Qne sister; has heretical kinsfolk on his father's side, Catholics on his mother's. Studied letters slightly in a different diocese far from his father's house because of the hatred of the heretics. Healthy now; suffered from toothache last year; is deaf in the right ear. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. Laur: Rigbeus. [618] Verum mihi nomen est Henricus Morleus, aetas hoc tempore prope vigesimus annus, natus sum in comitatu Lancastrensi in oppido ,q uod vulgariter dicitur Berry. educatus apud Christophorum Andertonum frat rem Reverendi Patris Scroopi Societatis resu. Pater meus iampridem me puero admodum mortuus est. Mater adhuc vivit neque multum Haereticis neque Catholicis addicta. Sororem habeo unicam quae sub matris tutela est. Reliqui amici, quantum recordor, fere omnes temporibus obsequuntur. Studui Grammaticae primum, deinde Ciceroni, Ovidio, Virgilio, aliisque qui in scholis solent pueris praelegi. Profeci autem quantum caeteri coaetanei et aequales mei. Variis in locis comitatus Lancastrensis litteris dedi operam, Oxonium vero aut Catabrigiam aut aliam Universitatem nunquam adivi. Quod ad corporis aegritudinem spectat, neque in Anglia un quam neque Audomari singularem ullum sensi morbum, neque ullum etiamnum sentio, animi vero multo minus. Quamdiu in communibus scholis operam dedi litteris cum haereticos condiscipulos et magistros haberem, ipse nihil prorsus de religione Catholica scire potui, postea vero cum decimum tertium iam annum agerem Reverendus Pater Scroopus me convertit, impositoque mihi nomine suo quod ipse cum primum studebat, habuisset, Audomarum transmisit, in conversione vero mea nihil, quod memini, singulare accidit. Propono ac desidero dei gratia adiuvante, vitam suscipere Ecclesitt asticam, ubi superioribus visum fuerit. LAURENTIUS RIGBEUS. SUMMARY

[618] MORLEY Henry, alias Lawrence Rigby, almost 19, born at Bury, Lancashire, brought up at the house of Christopher Anderton, the brother of Fr. Scrope S.]. (His father died when he was a child; 'his mother is still alive, neither Catholic nor heretical.) Has one sister, living with his mother; has otherwise timeserving kinsfolk. Has studied Grammar, Cicero, Ovid and Virgil, with average success, in various parts of Lancashire. Healthy both in England and at St. Omers. At school had heretical masters and fellow-pupils; w


342

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

knew nothing about Catholicism until converted by Fr. Scrope when 12 and sent to St. Omers under the alias which he himself had used. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. [619] Verum mihi nomen est Iohannes Heton; circiter festum ultimum nativitatis Sancti Iohannis Baptistae quod erat anno domini 1621 annum vigesimum aetatis perfeci. natus autem sum in Anglia in comitatu Lancastriensi, in paterna domo nuncupata Heton, cuius etiam nominis circumiacens pagus est. educatus pariter ibidem sum, usque ad decimum sextum aetatis annum, nisi quod hinc inde studendi gratia in eodem comitatu missus aliquando ad varias classes fuerim. Parentes etiamnum vivunt, sed haeretici utrique, genere et conditione nobiles sunt, Pater etiam ut in Anglia plurimi iurisperitiae deditus. fratres habeo quinque quorum maximus natu Haereticus est caeteri quatuor Catholici. Sorores habeo duas Haereticas ambas, Cognatos habeo ex parte Patris omnes Haereticos ex parte autem Matris omnes paene Catholicos vel Schismaticos. Usque ad decimum sextum aetatis meae annum in Anglia variis in locis intra comitatum Lancastriae prima rudiment a didici postea Audomaropoli in Belgio per quatuor annos Grammaticae Poeticae et Rhetoricae operam dedi. In Anglia saepenumero febribus laboravi, maxime autem paullo antequam illinc discessi. a quo optima valetudine semper sum usus. In Haeresi vixi usque ad- decimum sextum aetatis meae annum, tum conversus ad fidem Catholicam ab avunculo nomine Laurentio Scrupo qui est ex Societate Iesu, et in Anglia laborat in conversione animarum missus sum Audomarum, ubi ignorantibus Parentibus hucusque educatus et sustentatus ab eodem avunculo meo, vel a quibusdam amicis Catholicis illius rogatu fui. et iam ab eodem Collegio Audomarensi, studiorum sublimiorum gratia Romam missus sum. Propono ac desidero sacerdos aliquando fieri, quando nimirum deus ista mihi largietur quae ad tantum munus obeundum requiruntur, et superiores iudicaverint expedire, ut munus sacerdotale in me suscipiam. tt IOAN NES PARKERUS. SUMMARY

[619] HETON John alias Parker, born c. 24.6.1601 in his father's house at Heaton, Lancashire, and brought up there and in nearby schools until 15. Son of noble and heretical parents, the father a lawyer; has 5 brothers, the eldest a heretic, the rest Catholics ; has 2 heretical sisters. Has heretical paternal kinsfolk, mainly Catholic or schismatic maternal kinsfolk. Learned rudiments in various places in Lancashire until 15, then studied grammar, poetry and rhetoric at St. Omers for 4 years. Often had fevers in England,


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

343

especially just before leaving; since then healthy. A heretic until 15, converted by uncle Laurence Scrope S.]. who works in England, sent to St. Omers and there supported unknown to parents by the same uncle or Catholic friends at his request; sent to Rome for higher studies. Desires to be a priest. 1621. 1621 [620] Ego Edmundus N evillus, alias Salus in Comitatu Lancastriae, in domo paterna, cui nomen Holker[?], natus annum ago 17. Educatus sum domi partim, partim in scholis publicis una cum filiis aliorum nobilium. Parentes habui no biles Catholicos, fratres tres, quorum alter mortuus est, sororem nullam. Avunculum habeo de Societate Iesu de stirpe Comitum Westmerlandiae, Amicosque et cognatos quam plurimos de eodem genere. Rhetoricae et Poesi tam Graecae quam Latinae Audomari operam dedi. profectus postea constabit. Variis fui febribus exagitatus, sed a multo iam tempore nullam cuiusquam morbi molestiam sentio. Semper equidem Catholice educatus sum, licet propter aetatem in Anglia sacrosancto missae sacrificio nunquam interfuerim, nec sacerdoti confessus sim. Erga vitam Ecclesiasticam ita me affectum sentio, ut sacerdotium ministerium nempe ipsis angelis negatum dignitati Regiae multis gradibus anteponam. ad quod cum Deo optimo maximo et superioribus huiusce collegii me, licet tanto munere longe indignum provehere, et inter Christos Domini numerare placebit, beatum me iudicabo. Interim in disciplina collegii observanda nil tam difficile fore spero, quod Dei ope non sim facile evicturus, posteaquam video tot nobilissimos iuvenes earn antehac tam facile tantaque cum laude superasse. SUMMARY

[620] NEVILLE Edmund, alias Sales, 16, born at his father's house at Holker, Lancashire; brought up partly at home and partly in public schools with the sons of other nobleman. Son of noble Catholic parents; had 3 brothers (one now deceased). Has a Jesuit uncle of the family of the Earl of Westmorland, many kinsfolk of the same kind. Studied Greek and Latin rhetoric and poetry at St. Omers. Suffered from fevers, but now long healthy. Always a Catholic, though never went to Mass or confession in England because of his age. Desires to be a priest. 1621. [621] Patris nomen est Hodgson, matris vero Langlie, sum (ut opinor) 17 vel 18 annorum, locus Nativitatis vocatur Hebborn, urbs in qua w*


344

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

vixi Novocastrum appellatur, ibique unius anni spacio private fui in litteris humanioribus instructus. Parentes ambo fuerunt catholici, pater mediocris familiae est, satis dives, mater ex nobili loco nata, licet non admodum dives, alter (ut spero) vivit, altera ex hac vita decessit. Habeo sex fratres, et quatuor sorores, omnes (per dei gratiam) Catholicae fidei sicut etiam est utriusque parentis familia. cognati ali qui Catholici, alii Haeretici sunt. In Anglia aliquantulum litteris humanioribus privatim studui, postea vero ad Collegium Audomarense missus ibi septem annorum spatio demoratus, ubi aliquam in litteris progressum feci, licet exiguum, et multo minorem quam a me expectabatur. Hactenus (Deo volent e) firma valetudine sum usus in Aestate tamen prae calore nimio, tribus annis continuo sensi aliquem dolorem capitis, qui aliquando in oculum cadente humore incedit. Semper ab Infantia in fide Catholic a sum educatus. Cupio quantum in me est regulas collegii observare, et licet me indignum munere Ecclesiastico putem, dei tamen auxilio, conabor illud suscipere, un de salutem aeternam consequar, et etiam aliis animabus possim adiuvare, IOHANNES LANGLEUS. SUMMARY

[621] HODGSON John alias Langley, 17 or 18, born at Hebburn, lived at Newcastle, and there privately instructed in humanities one year. Son of Catholic parents, the father rich and middle class, the mother dead, born of the noble family of Langley, not rich, Has 6 brothers and 4 sisters, all Catholics, like the families of both parents. Has both Catholic and heretical kinsfolk. After studying letters privately in England spent 7 years at St. Omers, with less progress than was expected. Healthy, though 3 summers in succession suffered pains in the head through the heat, which sometimes affected his eyes. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.

[622] Quod ad nomen attinet, vere vocor Guilielmus Cooke, sed iussu avunculi, Colford. in nativitate Christi domini anno 1621, viginti ann os habui et unum. natus sum in comitatu Cantuariensi, et semper honeste sum educatus. Est mihi pater Edwardus Cooke aliquando fuit iurisperitus, sed de conditione magnus haereticus. unum fratrem habeo et unam sororem, amicos catholicos nullos habeo, praeter materteram, domini Gabrielis Colfordi uxorem, et Pat rem Thomam Cooke alias Colfordum. Tribus fere iam elapsis annis, Bruxellis, bonis literis operam dedi, nempe Syntaxi et poesi.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

345

De valetudine, dec gratias, semper bene me habui, nec in corpore animave nota est mihi aegritudo. Usque ad annum decimum quintum, veluti pater fui haereticus, Bruxellis vero Materterae opera, Reverendique Patris Alexandri Baker factus sum Catholicus. A medio anno, vel circiter vitam ecclesaisticam eligere mecum proposui. tt per me GUILIELMUM COOKE alias COLFORDIUM SUMMARY [622] COOKE William, alias (by order of his uncle) Colford, son of Edward, 21, born in Kent and respectably educated. Son of a retired heretical lawyer; has one brother and one sister; has no Catholic kinsfolk except his aunt, the wife of Gabriel Colford, and Fr. Thomas Cooke alias Colford. Studied syntax and poetry 3 years ago at Brussels. Always healthy. A heretic until 14, then converted through his aunt by Fr. Alexander Baker at Brussels. Has desired for 6 months to be an ecclesiastic. 1621. [623] De vero nomine etc. quod est Petrus Curtesius natus Andoviae in Comitatu Southamptoniensis anno Domini 1595 quam ex narratione parentum possum colligere quo in oppido ad 15 aut 16 usque annum aetatis in paterna domo vixi. Nomen autem[?] patris Thomas Curtesius Chatholicus nobilis ex familia eiusdem nominis quae inveniri potest in pago quodam nomine Emborne non longe ab oppodot Nuberry in Commitatut Barkshere qui ob indigentiam mediorum operam dedit arti fuloniae quam professus est per multos annos. Matris autem nomen Ioanna Burtona ex provintiat Southantoniensis nata in pago qui vocatur Longparrish quae (ut put am) mortua est catholica quamvis non ita publice vixit. fratres habeo octo, catholicos quinque, e quibus quatuor sunt religiosi, e Societate Iesu Pat res duo, fratr~s liaci alii duo. Sunt mihi quoque duae sorores ambae catholicae unaque religiosa ex ordine Sancti Francisci sub nomine Sanctae Clarae. Studui aliquantulum Andoviae in Anglia maxime tamen ex parte Audimari in Belgeo apud Patres Iesuitas eiusdem civitatis quorum classes per quatuor annos frequentavi. absoluta autem syntaxe progressus sum Hispalim ubi in Collegeot Anglecanot fere totam dialecticam audivi tandem revertendo Lovanium apud patres Societatis Iesu Anglos in studiis dialecticae et primae partis philosophiae annum consumpsi. Sum corpore sana semperque fui sine ullo detrimento valitudinist neque ullum morbum passus sum praeter febrem illamque tantum bis. Haereticus aliquando fui effectus aut em Catholicus ex pia deligentiat mei fratris Thomae Curtesii Societatis Iesu qui misit me


346

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

Audomarum ubi primam seu generalem confessionem Reverendo Patri Laeo feci anno Domini 1614. Ex tempore conversionis semper propositum fuit mihi vitam ecclesiasticam agere. tt PETRUS CURTESIUS. SUMMARY

[623] CURTIS Peter, son of Thomas and Joanna Burton, born 1595 at Andover, Hampshire, and brought up at home until 14 or 15. Son of a noble father, of the family of Enbome, near Newbury, Berkshire, who was forced through indigence to become a fuller for many years; and of a mother born at Longparish, Hampshire who died a Catholic though she had not publicly lived so. Has 8 brothers, of whom 5 are Catholics, 4 religious (2 Jesuit priests and 2 lay-brothers); has 2 sisters both Catholics, one a religous of the order of St. Francis under the name of St. Clare. Studied at Andover, and mainly at St. Omers, where he attended 4 classes in 4 years; at the end of Syntax went to the English College at Seville, and attended almost the whole dialectic; returned to Louvain and studied dialectic and the first part of philosophy with the Jesuits. Healthy, but twice suffered from fevers. Once a heretic, converted by the diligence of his brother Thomas Curtis S.J., who sent him to St. Omerswhere he made his first general confession to Fr. Lee in 1614. Since conversion has desired to be an ecclesiastic. ~xtant]

[624]

[ No Responsa

[625]

[No Responsa extant]

1622 [626] 1. Agnosco primum et profiteor verum mihi nomen esse Edoardi Mainwaringi, me annos habere 19, natum esse in Comitatu Lankastriae, inibi ad duodecimum annum institutionem accepisse, et inter Catholicos plerumque, nisi cum in haeriticorum scolis literis operam navarem, versatum esse. 2. Profiteor secundo Parentibus me ortum semper Catholicis, Optimis atque illustribus, qui tamen iniuria temporum non solum de gradu pristino deiecti sunt, sed fidei causa in aliquas etiam angustias devenere: Fratres mihi reliquos esse tres, quorum unus haereticorum tenebris deceptus, vel potius Schismaticorum inani lusus terrore hucusque torpet: sorores quatuor omnes in re Catholica bene instruct as : Cognatos vero, per utrunque Parentem praecipuos, Scismaticorum plerumque adhaerere dogmatibus, aliquos in falsas haereticorum sententias ire, non nullos etiam pro fide Catholicam propugnare.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

347

3. Deinde, literis humanioribus (neque enim alia studia hactenus vel primis labris degustavi) in Urbe Audomaro, iuvenes inter Anglos Collegii Anglicani, ingenuos pariter piosque et doctos, moderantibus Reverendis Societatis Iesu patribus, operam me navasse confirmo. Quinque plus minus annis, quinque inibi classes inferiores audivisse. 4. Quarto affirmo per multos nunc annos corporis me bona usum valetudine, et infinita divinae maiestatis misericordia, religiosorum ac piisimorum virorum spiritualia consilia et iuvamen libenter admississe, quo gravissimi laborantis animae morbi depellerentur: adeoque maiorem, ex quo totius vitae delicta quo ad potui et recordatus sum generali confessione expiavi, internam iucunditatem in dies paene censisset 5. Adhaec, profiteor singulari Dei beneficio ab ineunte aetate me Catholicis moribus imbutum esse, neque unquam haereseos labe contactum. 6. Testor denique me summopere nunc modo animatum ad vitam Ecclesiasticam et imposterum semper iuvante deo hunc animum servaturum. tt SUMMARY

[626] MAINWARING Edward, 19, born in Lancashire, and brought up there until 11, living among Catholics but attending heretical schools. Son of illustrious Catholics parents impoverished because of their religion; has 3 surviving brothers, one a schismatic; 4 Catholic sisters; has mainly schismatical kinsmen, including a few Catholics and a few heretics. Studied humanities at St. Omers ; attended the 5 lower classes in 5 years. Healthy for many years; and full of internal joy since his general confession. Always a Catholic. Desires to be an ecclesiastic. 1622. [627] Verl1m mihi nomen est Ambrosio Corbye: Natus vero iam sum (quantum memoria teneo) annos ipsos septemdecim, quantum que iam exact urn est temporis a Christi Domini natali die proxime celebrato; Sum aut em Eboracensis, in Schola ac literis pene semper educatus, qui ex pat ria commigrans Audomaropolim aetatis meae anna plus minus duodecimo illic in collegio Anglicano communi cum caeteris vitae rationi ad hoc usque tempus memet associaverim. Parentes habeo Gerrardum Corbye, Isabellam Richardsonum Anglum utrumque ac liberali honestaque stirpe natum: Quos iamdudum Dei magna misericordia iis turpissimae haereseos laqueis expedivit, quibus iam tum primis sub annis irretiti misere tenebantur: Hi iam divina gratia corroborati nonullas per hosce annos haud illubenti animo molestias sustinuerunt, illius fidei defendendae caussa, cui se non nisi singulari Dei beneficio prius adiunxerant. Fratres habeo


348

RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

duos, sorores duas, catholicae fidei iam inde ab ineunte aetate omnes participes. Literis hactenus humanioribus operam navavi (alia enim studia adhuc ne attigi quidem) studui inquam humanioribus in Anglia partim, partim Audomaropoli: hos autem illic in literis feci progressus, ut in primis potius quam in postremis censerer numerandus. Per hosce iam sex annos praeteritos Dei magno beneficio firma sum usus corporis valetudine : Animi autem ita sensi aegritudinem ut cum ad confessionis Sacramentum rite accederem, levari mihi dolor omnis seu tolli potius videretur. Gratias Deo Optimo Maximo magnas habeo sub disciplina Romanae Ecclesiae fuisse me semper hactenus eruditum: Nunquam vero tanto sum habitus honore dignus, aliquid ut Christi caussa molestiarum vel poenae pertolerarem. Eccui me potissimum relligiosorum familiae velim dicare non hic arbitror esse dicendi locum, nec si esset profecto, possem iam modo dicere: Eo autem huc adveni consilio, uti collegii huius disciplinae prout me decet morem gerens ad Ecclesiasticos status deinde amplectendos multo forem accomodatior. SUMMARY

(627] CORBY Ambrose, of Yorkshire, 17 last Christmas, son of Gerard and Isabella Richardson. Son of respectable parents long heretics but now converted and suffering for religion; has 2 brothers and 2 sisters, all Catholics since birth. Studied humanities in schools in England, and since his twelfth year at St. Omers; among the first rather than the las-t in class. Healthy these last 6 years. Always a Catholic, but never suffered for the faith. Wishes to be an ecclesiastic, but does not know which religious order to join. [628] 1. Vero nomine vocor Gregorius Smithaeus, natus annos viginti duos, aut circiter, educatus in fide catholica iam inde a pueritia, locus nativitatis meae vulgo Tangly[?] appellatur in comitatet Berke. 2. Parentes habui haud ignobiles, statu aut conditione. Pat rem scismaticum matrem vero catholicam, Fratrem habeo unum Sorores tres omnes scismaticos; consobrinos, et affines habeo catholicos quatuor, omnes nobili loco natos. haereticos praecipuos octo, omnes nobiles, scismaticos tres item nobiles. 3. Humanioribus semper literis operam dedi non aliis, idque in scholis haereticorum praecipue donec divino beneficio sum avocatus, Audomarumque missus, ubi per tres annos humanioribus etiam studui literis, eo profectu, progress que ut omnium de eo expect ationi .satisfacerem. 4. Valetudine fui adhuc (Dei beneficio) bona, raroque infirma nec iam nunc sentio ullam aegritudinem corporis, animaeve.


RESPONSA

SCHOLARUM

349

5. Haereticus nunquam exstiti, scismaticus usque ad decimum sextum annum aetatis meae, quum (divina bonitate) membrum indignum ecclesiae catholicae sum factus et ita ab ilio tempore permansi, spero que (ope divina) semper me ita mansurum: qua autem via factus sum, quae mihi circa hoc negotium acciderint longum est dicere, neque hoc loco (nisi maioris momenti, censeo) narranda. factus sum autem catholicus a Sacerdote quodam in Anglia, nomine Boltono, huius Collegii aliquando, (ut ab ipso audivi) alumno huius opera ab ilio tempore semper sum usus, atque etiamnum utor. 6. Propositum certe, nec desiderium firmum nunquam habui aliud, nisi ut fierem aliquando sacerdos, patriamque meam affiictam tt pro viribus adiuvarem. Si aliquid hoc loco dicendum, forte omiserim paratus id ero vel dicere, vel scribere quando superioribus id visum fuerit. GRE : FARMER. SUMMARY

[628] SMITH Gregory, alias Farmer, c. 22, born at Tangley, Berkshire, educated as a Catholic since boyhood. Son of noble schismatic father and noble Catholic mother; has 1 brother and 3 sisters, all schismatics; is related to 4 noble Catholics, 8 noble heretics, and 3 noble schismatics. Studied humanities in heretical schools and for 3 years at St. Omers; progressed up to expectation. Healthy. Never a heretic; was a schismatic until 15, then reconciled by a priest in England named Bolton, once an alumnus of this College, who has assisted him ever since. Desires to be an ecclesiastic.


INDEXES


INDEXES COMPILED BY E. E. REYNOLDS

Only the English forms of names are indexed

I. PERSONS Where a Student or Priest used an alias, his two names are separately indexed Adam, - 81,83 Aesop, 182 Agricola, 225, 228 Alabaster, William, 1, 3, 130-2, 183-4 Alexander of Aphrodisia, 225, 228 Allen, Cardinal, 34, 54; Fr., 34, 54 ; George, 324-5 Ambrose, St., 34, 54 Amianns, john, 107-8 Anderton, - 110 ; Christopher, 172-3, Hugh, 99; james, 99; 341 ; William, 162-3 Anne, - 12, 13; Richard, 230, 232 Arden, Robert, 295-6 Aristotle, 225, 228 Armstrong, john, 263; Mary, 264-5 ; Margaret, Robert, 263 Apuleius, 226, 228 Aquinas, St. Thomas, 1,3,225,228 Arius, 214, 216 Arnold, Adam, 189, 193; Richard, 153-4 Arundel, Countess of, 43,57 ; Thomas, 95 Ashfield, Robert, 159, 160 Ashton, - 339-40; Magdalen, 111 ; Richard, 15, 17-18 Askwith, - 302-3 Athanasius, 214, 216 Atkinson, - 195-6; Fr., 14, 15 Atslow, Edward, Frances, 156-7 Audley, Richard, 154 Augustine, St., 41-2,57,97-8 Baal, joachim, Margaret, 248-9 Babthorpe, Grace, 245-6, 288-9; Ralph, 245-6; Sir Ralph, 269-70, 288-9; Thomas, 288-9 Bacon, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, 239-40 Bailey, Robert, 119-20 Baker, Fr. Alexander, 344-5 Baldwin, Fr., 19, 21, 76, 78-80, 89, 90, 104-5, 171-2, 193, 195 x

353

Barcroft, Fr., 172-3 Bardwell, james, 169 Barlow, Lewis, 221 Barnaby, Mrs., 230, 232 Barneby, Fr., 97-8 Barnforde, - 305-6 Barrett, Dr., 113-4 Barrows, Fr., 249-50 Basset, Arnold, 313, 315 ; Antony, joachim, 248-9 Bastard, Francis, 100, 102 Battie, Fr. Rowland, 150 Becket, Thomas, 79, 80 Bede, St., 234, 236 Bedford, William, 151-2 Bedingfeld, Antony, 100, 102; Edward, 276-7 ; Henry, 18, 19, 323-4; john, 100, 102 ; Matthew, 268-9; Sir Henry, 276-7 Belfield, Henry, 174-5 Bellarmine, St. Robert, 1, 3, 65-6, 226,229,233,236 Bennett, Fr., 166-7 Bentley, Catherine, 116-7; Edward, 116-7, 176-7; Frederick, 116-7 ; john, 200-1 ; Katherine, 176-7 Berington, Robert, 155-6 Bernard, St., 215-6 Berry, Antony, Francis, 316-8 Berwick, - 85, 88; Willoughby, 96, 98 Beveridge, Bridget, 72, 74 ; Francis, 73-4; Robert, Thomas, 72, 74 Bickley, Fr., 183-4; Ralph, 42, 57 Biddulph, Peter, 328 Bilbent, Thomas, 319-20 Bing, Dr., 225, 228 Bishop, Dr., 211, 215; Fr" 162-3 ; john, 190, 194; Sir Thomas, 305-6 Bisley, - 110-1 Blackwell, Elizabeth, 127-8; George (Archpriest ), 79, 80, 82, 84, 86, 88-90, 118-9, 127-8, 153-4 ; William, 127-8 Bland, - 278, 280


354

INDEXES

Blount, Fr., 95-6, 99; Mary, Robert, Thomas, 275-6 Blundeston, Laurence, Margaret, Nicholas, 280-1 Bodwell, Charles, 229, 230 Bolton, - 134-5; Fr., 348-9; Jane, 203-4 Bonvile, - 9 Borghese, Cardinal, 125, 127 Bradshawe, Alexander, 61-2 Brand, - 305-6 Bray, Richard, 147-8 Brett, Alexander, 123 Bridges, - 115-6 Brierton, 139, 140 Bristow, Dr. Richard, 32, 37, 53, 55 Brittaine, William, 47, 49 Brook(e), - 107-8; Sir Basil, 202; Francis, 256-7; John, 67, 69-71 ; Sir Oswald, 302; Thomas, 205-6, 223, 236 Broughton, Fr., 265-6 Brown(e), Antony, 337-8; Elizabeth, 336, 338; Fr., 279, 280; Sir George, 240-1, 269, 270; John, 96, 98 Brudenel, Lady, 197-8; Mary, 224, 228; Thomas, 223, 227 Bruerton, Sir Randolph, 78, 80 Buckeridge, - 212,215 Buckhurst, Lord, 144-5 Bulkeley, Roland, 211, 215 Bullock, - 302-3; Margaret, 254-5 Bunney, - 12, 13 Burgh, Thomas, 61-2 Burke, - 309-10 Burnham, Grace, 245-6, 288-9 Burscough, Fr., 112, 114 Burton, Joanna, 345-6 Butler, - 141, 302-3; Grace, John, 110; Thomas, 141, 263-4 Caelius, Rhodigius, 226, 228 Caesar, 124, 126 Calabutt, Ann, 4-5 Caldwall, Robert, 10 Caldwell, Elizabeth, Robert, William, 121-2 Calvin, 101-2 Campian, Richard, 274-5 Campion, BI. Edmund, 63, 115-6, 154-5 Cansfield, - 85, 88; Brian (Christopher), 106 Canterbury, Archbishop of, 7-8, 212, 215 Capel, Gamalian, 251 Capes, James, John, Mary, 216-7 Capperlin,John, 143,145

Cardanus, 225, 228 Carey, - 20,22 Carlisle, Richard, 150-1 Carrington, George, James, 74, 76 Caryll, Sir John, 162-3 Case, - 138, 225, 228; Dr., 115-6 Catcher, Edward, Thomas, 168 Cater, Francis, 316-8 Catterick, - 112, 114 Cecil, Sir Robert (Salisbury), 137-9, 287-8; Sir William (Burghley), 280-1, 310-1 Chaderton, Henry, 30, 52 Chambers, Fr., 229-30 Charke, William, 62 Charworth, Sir George, Henry, John. 295-6 Chaytor, - 302-3 Cheke, Robert, 149-50 Chester, Bishop of, 135-6 Chetwynde, William, 78, 80 Chichester, Chancellor of, 35, 54 Cicero, 11 , 128, 270, 272, 341 Clark, William, 312-3 Clifford, - 20, 22 Clifton, William, 140-1 Clitherow, Mrs., 124, 126 Clyffe, Henry, John, 127-8 Cobham, Lord, 97-8 Coffin, Fr., 24-5, 95, 155-6 Colford, Gabriel, 180-1, 344-5; Gregory, 267; Fr. Thomas, 344-5; Thomas, 179, 181; William, 344-5 Colles, Mary, Thomas, William, 263-4 Collingwood, Robert, 292-3 Comherford, Henry, 178-9 Compton, Nicholas, 124, 126 Coningsby, William, 86, 88 Constable, - 303-4 ; Frances, Francis, 240-1 ; Henry, 185-6, 240-1; Jane, Margaret, Marmaduke, 240-1; Michael, 240-1, 290-1; Philip. 290-1 ; Sir Philip, 240-1, 269; Robert, 240-1, 289-91; Roger, 240-1; William, 240-1, 269 Conway, - 139-40 Conyers, Fr. Thomas, 38, 55 Cool, John, Helen, 165 Cooke, Edward, 180-1, 344-5 ; Thomas, 180-1 ; Fr. Thomas, 344-5; Thomasina, 180-1; William, 344-5 Copinger, Henry, 183-4 Copley, John, 19, 21; Thomas, 20-1 Corby, Ambrose, Gerard, Isabella. 347-8 Cornwallis, Charles, Richard, 4, 5; Sir Thomas, 4, 5, 100, 102 ; Sir William, 4, 5 Coster, Fr., 207 Cottington, Edward, 63, 65


INDEXES

Cotton, - 284-5 ; George, 20-1 Courtney, Henry, 95 ; Jane, 94-5; Richard, 95 Covet, William, 265-6 Cowling, Fr. William, 324-5 Coytmor, Laura, William, 330 Craddock, - 270,272 Cripps, - 20-1 Crocker, John, 121-2 Crosse, - 337-8 Cullam, - 84, 87 Culpepper, Sir Alexander, 97-8 Curtis, Joanna, 345-6; John, 221-2 ; Peter, Thomas, Fr. Thomas, 345-6 Cuthbert, John, 308 Dalton, James, 303-4 Davers, Charles, Henry, 78-9 Davis, Joseph, 158-9 Dee, Edward, 166 Dek, Thomas, 238 Denny, Francis, 169 Denton, Thomas, 78, 80 Derby, Henry, Earl of, 134-5, 138 Diggles, - 224,227 Dingley, George, 142; John, 67, 70 Disney, Mrs., 230, 232 Dobson, - 113-4 Dolman, Ann, 163-4; Marmaduke, Peter, 188-9 ; Robert, 188-9, 296-7 ; William, 188-9 Donatus, 225, 228 Dorman, Thomas, 202 Dormer, Sir Robert,S, 8, 138 Dorrell, Richard, 266-7 Dovet, Fr. Radus, 175 ""Doweton, Fr., 208-9 Drury, Bridget, Elizabeth, George, 152-3; Mary, 151-3; Robert, 152-3 William, 151-3 " Duckett, Francis, 112, 114; George, 255; James, 113-4 Dudley, - 112, 114 Durnford, Thomas, 322-3 Dyer, Richard, 147-8 Eales, George, 201-2 Edmunds, Fr., 101, 103 Edward VI, 30, 52, 231, 233, 331-2 Edwards, Goothlake, 61-2; John, Thomas, 146-7 Elizabeth I, 79-80, 85, 88, 161-2, 171 -2,184-5,217-8,231,233-4,236, 270, 272, 280-1, 314-5 Ellerker, - 303-4; Anne, Ralph, 185-6 Elton, - 265-6 Emerson, Thomas, 191, 194 Enborne, - 345-6

355

Essex, Countess of, 169-170; Earl of, 2, 3, 67, 70, 118-9, 166-7, 310-1 ; William, 78, 80 Evans, Anne, Catherine, David, Lyson, Mary, Nicholas, 314-5 Everard, John, 223-9; R., 225, 228 Evered, Thomas, 62-3 Exeter, Bishop of, 118-9; Earl of, 281-2 Falcon, John, 312 Fallowes, Fr., 161-2 Farmer, Gregory, 348-9 Fau1k(e)ner, John, 67, 70, 312; Richard, 69, 71 Felton, - 129, 132 Fennell, John, 169-70; Simon, 167-8 Fenton, Edward, Grace, Nicholas, 230, 232 Feria, Duchess of, 190, 193 Fermer, Sir Richard, 319-20 Fernesley, Andrew, 66-7 Fetherton, Fr" 269 Fettiplace, - 78, 80, 115-6; Genevieve, 78-9 Filcock, Fr., 157 Fisher, Fr., 331-2; George, Magdalen, 111; Richard, 15, 17-8; Thomas, 111 Flack, Fr., 104-6 Flavius, 225, 228 Flere, - 191, 194 Fletcher, Fr., 128 Flint, - 153 Flood, Noah, 157-8 Floyd, Fr. John, 89, 90, 120-1, 214, 216, 22~ 229, 298-9, 301 Foorth, 225, 228 Forcer, John, Margaret, Thomas, 103-4 Forde, Fr., 119, 120 Forster, 252-3; Bartholomew, Christopher, Dominic, 177-8; Elizabeth, 162-3, 177-8; Henry, 177-8, 252-3; Lawrence, 162-3; Mary, Robert, 177-8; Seth, 219-20; William, 162-3, 219-20 Fortescue, Sir John, 257-8; William, 329 Foster, Richard, Thomas, William, 320-1 Foulkes, Thomas, 79, 80 Fowler, Brian, 137-8; Edward, 137 ; Joanna, John, 137-8; Mary, 137 ; Richard, 267; Walter, 137, 166-7 Foxe, John, 208-9 Frank, - 254, 256, 302-3 Freeman, John, 12-3, 301-2; Michael, 11, 13 Fullward, Robert, 76, 78


356

INDEXES

Gadbury, John, 297-8 Gage, - of Firle, 20-1; Henry, 288 ; John, Margaret, 20-1 Gainsborough, Baron, 61 -2 Gardiner, - 101, 103; Fr. Bernadine, 118-9 Garnett, Fr. Henry, 85-6, 88-9, 118-9, 199, 200, 265-6; Mary, 149, 150; Richard, 149, 150 ; Thomas, 19,21 ; William, 149, 150 Garth, Fr. Richard, 79, 80 Gascoigne, - 278,280 Gaunt, James, 151; Thomas, 219; William, 151 Gellius, 226, 228 George, - 143, 145; Fr., 195-6 Gerard, - 217-8; Fr., 196-7; Fr. Gilbert, 99; Fr. John, 4, 5, 28-9, 79, 80, 93-4, 104-5, 109, 117, 119, 120, 202, 234, 236, 256-7 Gibbon, Fr., 193, 195 Gifford, Ann, 74, 76; Edward, Elizabeth, 321-2; Sir George, 123 Gloucester, Bishop of, 64-6 Godfrey, Giles, Mary, Strang, 198-9 Godley, Thomas, 43, 45, 57-9 Goldin, John, 297-8 Goldwell, - 81, 83 Goode, John, Margaret, 201-2 Gorges, Governor, 118-9 Gower, John, 159, 160 Grafton, James, 243-4 Gravener, - 278, 280; Robert, 277, 279 Greaves, Fr., 24-5; John, 9 Green(e), Anne, 185-6; Fr., 16-18; Henry, 185-6 ; John, 284-5; Ralph, 185-6 Greenway, Antony, Sir Antony, Winifred, 157-8 Greenwood, John, 337-8 GrUIin,Juliana,165 Griffith, Ambrose, Hugh, James, Jane, 243-4; John, Mabel, 117-8; Richard, 243-4; Robert, 117-8; William, 243-4 Grosse, John, 129, 132 Grosvenor, Robert, 277-80 Guildford, Sir Thomas, 33, 53 Gwin, William Howell Lewis, 108-9 Gwyn, Charles, 229-30 Hanmer, Meredith, 62 Harcourt, Frances, 157-8; Robert, 157-9; Sir Walter, 78, 80, 157-8; Winifred, 157-8 Harding, 86, 88, 95-6 Hargrave, Louisa, William, 309-1 Hargreave, James, 136

°

Harpur, Thomas, 327-8 Harrington, John, 302; Lord, 147-8 ; Richard, 152 Harris, Edward, 335-6; Francis, 324 Harrowden, Edward, 90, 93 Hart, Nicholas, 25, 29 Harvey, Giles, 294-5 Haslehurst, Agnes, Peter, Robert, 221 Hastings, Sir Francis, 190, 193 Hatton, Christopher, 84-8 Haughton, William, 316 Hawker,-9 Hawkins, - 100, 102 Hawley, - 84, 87 Haydock, - 110 Hayward, John, Mary, 85, 88 Heathcote, John, 199, 200 Hemsworth, John, 279-80 Henry VII, 30, 52, 231, 233 Henry, Hugh ap, 222 Henson, - 212, 215 Herbert, Sir John, 314-5 Hereford, Bishop of, 244-5 Hesketh, George, 324-5; Sir Thomas, 171-2 Heton, John, 342 Higham, - 100, 102 Hill, Fr., 247-8 Hinslow, - 177-8 Hobson, - 271 -2 Hodgson, - 279,280; Agnes, 90,93 ; Clement, 317-8; Francis, 320-1 ; John, 343-4; Robert, 333; Thomas. William, 90, 93 Holden, Charles, 339-40 Holtby, Antony, 254-6; George. Margaret, 254-5; Fr. Richard. 104-5, 220, 254-5, 302-3, 333; Robert, 254-5, 302-3 Holywood, Fr., 131-3 Honnacott, Abraham, Giles, 167 Hoo and Wells, Baron, 20-1 Hooke, - 84, 87 Homer, Richard, Thomas, 204,206 Hoskin, Fr. Antony, 237, 239, 245-6 Howard, - 20, 22; Edward, 335-6 ; Henry, 288; Lord of Effingham, 20-1 Hudleston, Andrew, Edmund, Henry, Mary, Richard, William, 111-114 Hughes, Fr., 113-4 Hungerford, - 20, 22; Lady, 50, 60 Hunt, - 278, 280; Fr., 119, 120; Fr. Gilbert, 278, 280 Hutte(o)n,-112, 114; Mary, 111, 114 Hyde, - 115-6 Ignatius, St., 302 Ingleby, William, 273


INDEXES

Ingoldsby, - 157-8 Iverson, John, 19, 21 Ivory, - 100, 102 Jackman, Gabriel, Robert, 256-7 Jackson, - 279, 280; Fr., 186-7, 255-6; John, Thomas, 124-5 James I, 231, 233, 244-5, 270, 272, 277, 279, 314-5 Jewell, Bishop, 33, 53, 86, 88 Johnson, - 223, 227 ; Jane, 11 Keighley, Fr., 318-9 Kellison, Dr., 231, 233 Kemys, Thomas, 94-5 Kensington, Edward, 203-4; John, 134-5 Keynes, Ed., 190, 193; Fr. George, 220, 262 Kilby, - 212,215 King, Dr., 213, 216 Knowell, - 190, 193 Lacey, Edward, 79, 80; William, 208-9 Lambe, Antony, 251-2; Fr., 119, 120 Lambert, Fr., 174 Lampton, Antony, 252 Landel, William, 240-1 Lane, - 20,22; Elizabeth, 90,93 Langley, John, 343-4 Langwith, - 133-4 Lanman, Henry, Mary, Roger, 84-7 Lathom, Christopher, 306-7 Lawe, Thomas, 128-9 Laythwaite, - 110; Edward 203-4' Francis, 173; Henry, Jane: 203-4 ; John, 134-5 Layton, John, 196-7 Lee, Fr., 69,71,278,280,381-9,345-6; Henry, 174; Fr. John, 125-6; Fr. Roger, 157-8, 174; Fr. Thomas 335-6 ' Leech, Edward, Humphrey, Richard, Thomas, 210-216 Leedes, Mary, Thomas, 286-7 Lenthall, - 195-6 Leveson, Sir Walter, 302 321-2 ' Lides, de, 20-1 Lilly, Dr., 212, 215 Lipsius, 226, 228 Lister, Fr., 24-5, 69, 71 Lobb, Emmanuel, 298-9 Lombard, Peter, 1, 3 Lond,Jo, 190, 193 London, Bishop of, 19, 21, 127-8, 265-6, 337-8

357

Longeville, Thomas, 310-11 Lovell, Richard, 289 Luis of Granada, 192, 194 Lumner, Robert, 100, 102 Lutley, Philip, 340-1 Luttrell, - 20-22 Lynly, Richard, 204, 206 Machell, Jane, Lancelot, 181-2 Mainwaring, Christopher, 317-8, 306-7 Edward, 346-7; George, Oliver, 217-8 Mallets, - 20, 22 Maltby, - 278-9 Manley, Thomas, 197-8 Mannock, Audrey, John, William, 184-5 Mansel, Ignatius, 164 Margerison, William, 72, 74 Martin, - 190-4; Lawrence, 250 Martyr, - 225,228 Mary, Queen (Tudor), 30, 52, 231-2 Maynard, John, 297-8 Mayson, Francis, 293-4 Metcalfe, - 302-3; Antony, 254-5 Metham, Sir Thomas, 240-1, 302-3 Mico, Walter, 294-5 Middlemore, Humphrey, 273-4 Middleton, - 278, 280 Miles, Francis, Mary, Ralph, 264-5 Molyneux, Rutland, 279, 280 Mompesson, Henry, 19, 21 Monica, St., 34, 54 Montague, Viscount, 33, 53, 84, 87, 97, 98, 336, 338 Montford, - 137 Mordaunt, Lord, 78-9 More, Edward, Mary, Thomas, 105 Morgan, Edward, 166; George, 142 ; Jane, Thomas, 166 Morley, Henry, 341; Lord, 100, 102 Morris, Edmund, 95-6 Moryl, Fr., 208-9 Moulton, Robert, William, 121-2 Mounson, Sir Thomas, 287; William, 18f'-7 Mountain, John, 320-1 Mountjoy, Lord, 30, 52 Mush, Fr., 76-7 Needham, Fr. Oswald, 281-2 Nestorius, 214, 216 Neville, Beatrice, 171-2; Edmund, 171-2, 343; Sir John, 171-2; Mary, 326 Newman, Thomas, 62-3 Nichols, - 197-8 Nightingale, Cuthbert, Richard 150 151 ' ,


358

INDEXES

Norris, Sir Edward, 96, 98 Norton, Richard, 68, 70 Norwich, Bishop of, 101, 103, 131, 133 Nowell, Dean, 202 Oglethorpe, Thomas, 261-2 Oldcorne, Fr. Edward, 6, 8, 10 Ovid, 128, 270, 272, 341 Owen, Elizabeth, 247-8; Laura, Robert, Thomas, 330-1 Pacius, 225, 228 Palmes, William, 282 Palniger, 124, 126 Parham, Sir Edward, 190, 193, 195; John, 190, 193 Parker, Sir Philip, 207 Paulet, Lord Chideock, 30, 52 Payne, Fr., 36, 55 Peacock, Thomas, 205-6 Peake,lIugh, 120, 121 Pearson, Richard, 304 Peckham, - 196-7 Pelagius, 214, 216 Pelham, Nicholas, 251 Pendleton, Edward, 119, 120 Pennant, Thomas, 139, 140 Pennington, - 112, 114 Peover, - 217-8 Perce, Dr., 101, 103 Percehay, Thomas, William, 319-20 Percy, Robert, William, 319-20 Pershall, Thomas, 78-9 Persons, Fr., 139-40,149-50,170,207, 234, 236, 260-1, 275-6; George, 275-6; John, 164-5; Mary, 275-6 ; Richard, 182-3; Robert, Thomas, 275-6 Peto, Edward, 67, 70 Petre, Robert, 329-30 Phillips, John, 340-1 Pickering, John, 205-6 Pierpoint, Gervase, 73-4 Piggot, Fr., 162-3 Pike, Martha, 68, 70 Platt, Bartholomew, Francis, 299, 300 ; John, 115-6; Margaret, 299, 300 Platus, Jerome, 86, 88 Plautus, 226, 228 Plowden, Francis, 319-20 P1unket, John, 153 Pole, Gervase, lIenry, 295-6 Pollard, Fr., 240-1 Poole, Bridget, Peter, 209-10 Popham (C.J.), 190, 193 Porphyry, 225, 228 Port, John, 196-7

Pound, John, 32, 53; Thomas, 32, 36, 43-4, 47, 53, 55, 57-9 Powdrell, Mrs., 230, 232 Powell, David, 314-5 Poynings, Sir Adrian, 30, 52 Prater, Margaret, 190, 194 Pr.ice, de, 20-1 ; Fr., 166-7 ; Margaret, 314-5 Pullen, Fr., 86, 88 Pulton, Anna, Anne, 256-7; Catherine, 233, 236; Eugenia, 256-7; Ferdinand, 233, 236, 256-7, 326-7; Francis, Giles, 256-7 ; John, 326-7 ; Katherine, Maria, Martha, 256-7 ; Thomas, 233, 236; Ursula, 256-7 Quesneau, Fr. Benjamin, 314, 316 Quintilian, 226, 228 Radcliffe, - 302-3 Radford, Fr., 197-8 Raines, Cuthbert, lIenry, Nicholas, 270-2 Rainold, 2, 3 Rastell, John, 86, 88 Rawley, Robert, 336-8 Redman, Fr . John, 150 Rich, Fr., 214, 216 Richardson, Edward, 310; Isabella, 347-8 Ridges, Mrs., 230, 232 Rigby, Lawrence, 341 Ringstead, David, 334-5 Roberts, Fr., 199, 265-6 Robinson, 130, 132, 257-8 ; Christopher, 175-6; John, Robert, 291-3 Rodney, Edward, 257-8 Roffensis, Godfrey, Margaret, Richard Thomas, William, 301 Roger, Fr., 131, 133 Rogers, John, 147-8; Thomas, 197-8, 301 Rookwood, 252-3; Ambrose, 177-8; Edward, Elizabeth, Robert, 336-8 Roscarrock, Nicholas, 95 Rosier, James, 206-7 Rudgley, John, Peter, Thomas, William, 195-6 Rudston, Walter, 240-1 Russell, John, 259-60 ; Louisa, Simon, 331-2 Sackville, Thomas, 207 St. John, Lady, 138 Sales, Edmund, 343


INDEXES

Salisbury, Earl of, 287-8; John, 79-80 Salvin, Anne, Gerard, Ralph, 323-3 Sanderson, - 84,87 Sandford, - 112, 114 Sankey, - 20, 22 Sarott, Edward, 251 Saterford, Fr., 113-4 Scaliger, 225, 228 Scott, Fr., 294-5, 312-3 Scrope, 191, 194; Fr., 341-2; Fr. Lawrence, 342-3; Fr. John, 309-10 Scudamore, - 142 Seton, 225, 228 Severin, St., 125-6 Seward, Robert, William, 155-6 Sewell, Fr., 76-7 Seyes, Alexander, 314-5; Richard, 314; Roger, 313, 316 Shackleton, William, 154-5 Sheffield, Lord, 240-1, 269-70, 303-4 Sheldon, - 137 Shelley, Antony, 325; Cyprian, Elizabeth, John, 247-8; Fr. Owen, 319-20; Thomas, 156; William, 20-1, 33, 53 Sherwood, -190, 194 ; Henry, 231-3; Fr. Henry, 191-5; John, 189, 192-4; Thomas, William, 189, 193 Shrewsbury, Earl of, 227, 279 Sidney, - 20,22 Silisdon, Henry, 18-9 Sillinger, John, 241-2 Simons, John, 241-2; Joseph, 298-9 Singleton, Edward, 166; Fr., 97-8 Skinner, - 20-1 Slyman, Henry, 189, 193 Smartford, Fr., 176 Smith, - 224, 228; Edmund, 22, 24 ; Fr., 121-2, 163; Gregory, 348-9; Fr. John, 74, 76; Fr. Nicholas, 19, 21 ; Fr. William, 112, 114 Smithson, Fr., 279-80 Snape, Fr. George, 115-6 Somers, Thomas, 112, 114 Southampton, Earl of, 31,52 Southcott, - 195-6 Southwell, - 20, 21; Mary, 151-3; Fr. Robert, 20,22; Thomas, 239-40 Sparhanke, William, 79,80 Sprott, Edward, 161-2 Stamford, Fr., 73-4 Standen, 137; Sir Anthony, Elizabeth, 248, 250 Standish, Fr. Henry, 152; Fr. James, 69, 71 Stanford, Robert, 258-9 Stanney, Fr., 26, 29, 259-60, 265-6, 274 Staunton, William, 154-5

359

Stapleton, Thomas, 1,3,226,229,234, 236, 305-6 Stark(e)y, - 205-6; John, 107-8 Staunton, Antony, Jane, Richard, 187-8 Stephens, Francis, 307-8 Stevens(on), 35, 53; Cyprian, Francis, Helen, Susanna, Thomas, 334-5 Stillington, - 287-8; Thomas, 261-2; William, 230, 232 Stonehouse, Andrew, 308 Stonor, - 195-6 Stourton, Lord, 147-8 Strange, 155-6; John, 263; Thomas, 143, 145 Strickland, - 223, 227 Studder, Sir Thomas, 158-9 Stukeley, - 20, 22 Suarez, 1, 3 Suffolk, Duke of (Brandon), 84, 87 Sullyard, 137 Sussex, Earl of (Radcliffe), 30, 52 Sutheron, William, 271-2 Sweet, Henry, 284; Fr. John, 63, 284-6; Mary, 284 Sydney, Sir Robert, 169-70 Talbot, Fr., 115-6; William, 300 Tankard, Thomas, 319-320 Tarbock, - 306-7 Tayler, Dr., 326; Henry, 178-9, 333-4; John, 291-2, 327; Mary, 326; Thomas, 326; Valentine, 292-3; William, 80, 83 Tempest, Fr. Edward, 170 Terence, 107-8 Tertullius, 227 Titelmans, 225, 228 T(h)ompson, Fr., 208-9. 278-280 Thomson, Fr. Francis, 243-4; James, 19, 21, 71-2; Jane, John, 243-4 ; Henry, 260-1 Thornton, - 302-3 Throckmorton, Sir John, 237-8 Thunder, Fr. Henry, 320-1 ; 330-1 Tichborne, 51, 61 Tilly, Elizabeth, 190, 193 Tole, Richard, 133-4 Toletus, 225, 228 Tompkins, Elias, 159-60 Towne, Nicholas, 201-2 Towneley, Charles, Richard, 339-40 Townshend, Sir John, 100-2 Travers, Edward, 328 Tremayne, Helen, John, Samson, 283 Trenbon, - 137 Tresham, Sir Thomas, 190, 193 Trollope,John, 103, 105


360 Tulke,john,49,60 Turner, Helen, 165 Tyrwhitt, - 303-4; 296-7

INDEXES

Robert, 290,

Valence, - 125-6 Vanderbecque, - 129 Varder, john, William, 108 Varro, 226, 228 Vaux, Lawrence, 131,133; Lord, 125-6 Vavasour, Henry, 286; William, 279-80 Vere, Sir Francis, 157-8 Vernon, john, 78, 80 Vincent of Lerins, 211,215 Vines, Henry, 174 Virgil, 11, 124, 126, 128, 198-9,341 Waad, William, 7,8 Waite, - 302-3 Wakeman, john, Ursula, 284-5 Waldegrave, Charles, 89; Sir Edward, 251 ; Fr., 109; jeromia, 89 ; john, 259-60; Nicholas, 251 Walker, Antony, George, 305-6; john, 200-1; Robert, 10-1; Thomas, 305-6 Walley, Fr., 73-4, 76, 78 Walpole, Fr., 278, 280; Fr. Edward, 101, 103; Fr. Michael, 287-8 Walsingham, Fr., 285-6; Edward, Francis, 169-70 Ward, Francis, Mary, 268; William, 268, 273 Warwick, - 20,22 Watkinson, Robert, 13, 15 Watson, Ignatius, 164; jane, 243-4 ; juliana, 164; Roland, 164; William, 243-4 Walton, Lord, 217-8 Webb, - 196-7; Dr., 121; Edward, 120-1; William, 64, 66 Weedon, Helen, john, 209-10 Wentworth, Michael, 290 Westby, - 110 Westmorland, Earl of, 254-6; 343 Weston, Sir Richard, 251 Whalley, john, 201-2 Whelpdale, Alice, William, 209-10 White, - 191, 194; Dr., 37,55 Whittaker, William, 63

Whittingham, Adam, 163-4; Ann~ Richard, 163-4, 188-9 Wiborne, Helen, 246 Widdrington, Roger, 263 Wigmore, Anne, 237-8; Richard~ 274-5; Robert, William, 237-8 Williams, - 212, 215, 244-5; john~ 113-4 Williamson, Bridget, Catherine, Edmund, 209-10; Edward, 119-20; George, Jane, 209-10; john, 119-20; Joyce, Robert, Thomas, 209-10; William, 119-20, 209-10 Willis, - 61-2, 190, 193 Fr. john, Wilson, john, 331-2; 312-3, 331-2; Louisa, 331-2; Matthias, 122-3; Richard, Simon, William, 331-2 Winchester, Bishop of, 34, 54 Windsor, - 20, 22, 115-6; Edward, Helen, 246; Henry, 67, 70; john, 246; Sir William, 208-9, 246-7, 310-11 Wingfield, Edward, Frances, 156-7 Winkfield, Fr., 86, 88 Winscombe, William, 319-20 Winthrop, 1, 3 Wiseman, Richard, Sir William, 280-2 Wolf, William, 207, 209 Wolfrestone, Robert, 207 Woodhouse, Sir Philip, 100, 102, 207 Woodruff, Fr., 136-7; William, 113-4 Worcester, Earl of, 82-3 Worthington, -110; Dr., 120, 125-6; Dorothy, john, 127; William, 19, 21, 140-1 Worton, Henry, 277 Wray, Sir William, 96, 98 Wreford, Mary, 284 Wrenn, - 333 Wright, Fr., 95-6, 124 Wylde, George, 318-9 Wyvell, Sir Marmaduke, Roger, 319-20 Yate, Edward, 123; Francis, 71-2; john, 71-2, 115-6 Yelverton, Charles, 99-102; Edward, 100-3; Elizabeth, Humphrey, 99-102 York, Archbishop of, 5, 8 Young, Fr., 24-5; Francis, 5, 8 Zabarella,225,228

â&#x20AC;˘


INDEXES

361

II PLACES Abbeville, 113-4 Abergavenny, 109, 142 Adber, 190, 193 Adlamstone, 190, ] 93 Allerton, 224, 228 Andover, 222, 345-6 Antwerp, 267, 320-1 Ashby Folville, 74, 76 Ashley, 163-4 Ashmore, 321-2 Aston, 138 Aylsham, 198-9 Babthorpe, 245-6, 304-5 Bacton, 84, 87 Barneby, 304-5 Barnborough, 278, 280 Barton, IS, 17-18, 111 Bath, 190, 193 Bath and Wells, 94, 190, 194 Batrington, 299-300 Bawsie, 99, 102 Beaumaris, 330 Belgium, 152-3, 157-8, 180-1, 193, 195, 219-20, 224, 226, 228, 325-6, 334-5 Bellaport, 278-9 Bentley, 116-7 Bergen, 310-1 Berington, 10 Berkshire, 78, 80, 115-6, 299, 300, 345-6, 348-9 Berwick, 10, II, 169-70 Bettisfield, 166-7 Bigley, 139-40 Birmingham, 133-4 Blackburn, 106 Blackrod, 134-5 Bodysllin, 330 Bordeaux, 146-7 Bosley, 251 Boulogne, 6, 8 Bourton, 233, 236, 326-7 Boverton, 313, 315 Bradocks, 281-2 Bramcroft, 340-1 Brecknock, 314-5 Brentwood, 337-8 Bridgewater, 275-6 Bristol, 109 Brixworth, 125-6 Broughton, 197-8 Brussels, 87, 89, 105-6, 117, 193, 195, 252, 267-8, 284, 323-4, 344-5 Buckingham(shire),78-80, 157-8, 174, 233, 236, 310-1, 326-9 Buckland, 115-6, 123

Bullwick, 224, 228 Burford, 23, 25 Burnley, 136 Burton, 319-20 Burwell, 301 Bury, 341 Bury St. Edmunds, 183-4,252-3 Buthorpe, 259 Cadiz, 270, 272 Calais, 6-8, 19, 21 , 65-6, 79, 80, 95-6, 106, 116-7, 121-2, 265-6 Cambridge(shire), 104-5, 301 Cambridge University, 1-3, 85, 88-9. 90, 100-3, 130-3, 150-1, 182-4, 211, 215, 223, 225, 227-8, 230-2, 260-1 , Christ's, 61-2; Clare Hall, 225, 228; Corpus Christi, 131, 133; Gonville and Caius, 4, 5, J esus. 330-1; Magdalene, 81 , 83, 96, 98 ; Pembroke, 207 ; St. John 's, 205-6 ; Trinity, 149, 150, 169 Cansfield, 149-50 Carlisle, 10-1, 175-6 Carlton, 277-80 Carmarthenshire, 314-5 Carnarvonshire, 229, 230, 330 Castleford, 12-15 Catchburn, 122-3 Cat's Ash, 313, 315 Chaderton Hale, 30, 52 ChUette, 11 Challow, 115-6 Checkley, 90, 93 Chelmsford, 251 Cheltenham, 143, 145 Cheshire, 68, 71, 78, 80, 90, 93, 205-6, 217-8,278,280 Chester, 107-8 Chesterfield, 72, 74 Chichester, 40, 56 Chideock, 283 Chilton, 332-3 Chipping, 163-4 Cirencester, 143, 145, 187-8 Claires, 5, 8 Clayton, 99 Columbjohn, 146-7 Congleton, 90, 93 Cornwall, 307-8 Coss,89 Court-y-Carne, 314-5 Coxford Abbey, 4, 5 Crowmarsh, 22, 24 Croxdale, 332-3 Cucklington, 94-5 Cufaude, 252 Cumberland, 175


362

INDEXES

Darlington, 270, 272 Darly, 205-6 Deene, 223, 227 Denmark, 129, 132 Derbyshire, 72, 74, 90, 93, 116-7, 197, 230, 232, 295-6 Devon, 167, 203-4, 329-30 Dilhorne, 90, 93 Diss, 169 Dorchester, 283 Douai, 12-15, 17-22, 36, 38, 55, 73-5, 77,79-80,82-3,90,100,102,108-11, 114, 116-7, 119-124, 126, 129, 131-3, 135-7, 142, 148, 151, 153-4, 161-4, 166-7, 171-3, 175-6, 182-3, 188-9, 193, 195, 203-4, 205-6, 219, 221-3, 229-30, 278, 280, 296-7, 305-6, 333-4, 338 Dover, 7-8, 89-90, 95-6, 102-3, 144-5, 271-2 Dublin, 231, 232 Duffield, 12-3 Dunkirk, 7 Durham, 103-4, 171-2, 196-7, 255-6, 263, 270, 272, 279-80, 293-4, 332-3 Earswick,219-20 East Row, 308 Eaton Boat, 278, 280 Eden, 103-4 Edgbaston, 273-4 Ellesmere, 166-7 Elsing, 337-8 Ely, 81,83 Essex, 105, 151-2, 154-7, 162-3, 251, 280-2, 318-9, 335-6 Eton, 5, 8, 143, 145 Euston, 336, 338 Everingham, 240-1, 269, 289-90 Exeter, 146-7, 203-4 Exhall, 170 Farington, 111, 114 Farnsfield, 280-1 Feltham, 147-8 Fenton, 230, 232 Fingringhoe, 280-1 Flanders, 6, 8, 89-90, 96, 98, 158-9, 171-2, 229-30, 243-4, 275-6, 284, 292-3,310-1,317-8 Flintshire, 137, 139, 140, 166-7, 222 Florence, 260-1 Flushing, 4, 5, 79-80, 169-70 Framlingham, 136-7 France, 9, 97-8, 125-6, 129, 132, 137-9, 144-5, 147, 303-4, 322-5 Frickley, 230, 232 Frome, 147-8

Fulbeck, 230, 232 Fulford, 90, 93 Gainford, 104-5, 270, 272 Garstang, 112, 114 Gatherley Rose, 196-7 Gatton, 20-1 Germany, 107-8, 260-1, 270, 272 Ghent, 292-3 Glamorgan, 315 Gloucestershire, 78-9, 123, 143, 145, 187, 188, 237-8, 243-4 Goosnargh, 163-4 Grafton, 322-3Granborrow, 201-2 Gravelines, 312-3 Gravesend, 79-80,87,89, 116-7, 132-3, 177-8, 337-8 Grayrigg, 111-2, 114 Great Torrington, 167-8 Greenfield, 314-5 Greenwich, 82-3 Grimsby, 280-1 Guildford, 33-4, 53-4 Gunby Castle, 296-7 Gwenusker, 139-40 Hackney, 335-6 Hadleigh, 1, 3, 248-9 Hampshire, 252, 257-8, 310, 324, 345-6 Hampstable Ridware, 153-4 Hanmer, 166-7 Harberhouse, 103-4 Hardwicke's Court, 61, 62 Harrowden, 309-10 Hartlebury, 5, 8 Hase1wood, 279, 280 Hatton, 107-8 Haverhill, 162-3 Hawarden, 139-40 Heaton, 342 Hebburn, 343-4 Hemingbrough, 14-5 Hereford (shire) , 109, 159-60, 237-9, 243-4, 274-5 Hertford, 179, 181, 260-1 Hexgreave, 280-1 Heytesbury, 147-8 Hillesden, 78-9 Hoggeston, 310-1 Holker, 343 Holland, 9, 10,97-8, 123, 159-61 Holme-next-the-Sea, 198-9 Howden, 304-5 Hull, 277, 279 Hungary, 123 Huntingdon, 223


INDEXES

Ilminster, 9 Ipswich, 206-7, 252-3 Ireland, 7-8, 190, 194, 231 -2, 234, 236 Italy, 232-3, 260-1, 284, 299-300 Jerusalem, 107-8 Kempsey,318-9 Kendal, 181-2 Kennington, 25, 29 Kent, 25,29, 179-81,264, 266 Kingsbury, 169-70 King's Lynn, 100, 102,239-40 Kinsham,237-8 I{naresborough, 204, 206, 245-6, 254, 256 I{nutsford, 107-8

Lancashire, 30, 52, 61-2, 99, 106, 111, 114, 119, 120, 134-5, 138, 140-1, 149-51, 154-5, 163-4, 171-3, 188-9, 203-6, 217-9, 300, 309, 324-5, 328, 339-43, 346-7 Lancaster, 106, 134-5 La Rochelle, 314-5 Laughton, 316, 318 Leamington, 201-2 Leckhampstead, 157-9 Leicester(shire), 74, 76, 225, 228 Leigh, 90, 93 Leighton, 205-6 Leyland, 112, 114, 138 Les Chateliers, 314-6 Lichfield, 312-3 Li~ge, 19,21, 171-2 Lincoln(shire), 81, 83, 96, 98, 124-5, 171-2, 200-1, 224, 228, 230, 232, 266-7, 280-1 ", 290-1, 316, 318, 328, 339-40 Lisbon, 219, 220, 298-9, 320-1, 331-2 Little Markham, 279, 280 Liversedge, 171-2 LIanarth, 109 Llanbaier Gilgiden, 109 LIandaff, 313 LIandow,314-5 LIangennith, 314-5 LIanmaes, 314-5 LIantwit Major, 313, 315 LIwchwr, 314-5 London, passim: Billingsgate, 125-6 ; Clifford's Inn, 169; Clink, 249-50, 264-5 ; Gatehouse, 265-6, 294-5; Gray's I nn, 99; Inner Temple, 61-2, 78-9; Lincoln's Inn, 125-6 ; Lyon 's Inn , 94-5, 192, 194 ;

363

Marshalsea, 36, 41, 49, 55-6, 60' 97-8; Middle Temple, 62-3; Newgate, 265-6, 337-8; New I nn' 94-5, 277-9; St. Andrew's, 164; St. Dun stan's, 165; St. M ary W oolchurch, 86, 88; Southampton House, 167-8; Tower, 166-7; York House, 144-5 Longparish, 221-2, 345-6 Loreto, 115-6, 123 Lorraine, 115-6 Louth, 96, 98 Louvain, 19, 21, 50, 60, 277, 279-80, 287, 339-40, 345-6 Lyford, 115-6 Lyons, 66-7 Mansfield, 280-1 Mapleduram, 247-8 Market Drayton, 210, 213, 215-6 Meere, 62-3 Melford, 250-1 Menthorpe, 12-3 Middlesex, 84, 87, 170 Midhurst, 257-8, 319-20 Milan, 66-7 Millom, 112, 114 Mi1verton, 216-7 Modbury, 284 Monmouthshire, 109, 142,313, 315 Moulton, 84, 87 Nabum, 282 Nantwich, 264-5 Naples, 284 Natby, 110 Neath, 314-5 Nether Stowey, 275-6 Neuville, 299, 300 Newbury, 345-6 Newcastle, 255-6, 271-2, 343-4 New Malton, 150-1 Newnham, 22, 24 Newport, 314-5 Noke,319-20 Norfolk, 4, 5, 85, 88, 100-3, 152-3, 162-3,169,177-8, 184-5, 198-9,207, 239, 240,259,323-4,337-8 Normandy, 299, 300 Northamptonshire, 15, 17-18, 78-9, 84, 87, 125-6, 197-8, 200-1, 209-10, 22~ 22~ 280-1, 310 North Mimms, 260-1 Northumberland, 122-3, 263, 271-2 Norton, 230, 232 Norwich, 4, 5, 89-90, 100, 102 Nottingham, 221, 230, 232, 264-5, 279-80 Nunny, 190, 194


364

INDEXES

Old Buckenham, 162-3 Oswaldkirk, 11, 302-3 Oundle, 223-4, 227-8 Oxford (shire) , 22, 24, 71-2, 74, 174, 208-9, 242,286-7, 319-20 Oxford University, 9, 12-13,23,25,29, 62-3, 78-9, 94-5, 99, 109, 137-9, 143, 145, 154-5, 185-7, 190, 194, 201-2, 209-16, 248-9, 329-330 All Souls, 170; Balliol, 168; Brasenose, 159-60, 204-6; Exeter, 146-7; Gloucester Hall, 67, 70, 75,77,90-1, 93-6, 138, 187-8; Hart Hall, 146-7; Magdalen, 123, 157-8 (school), 1156; Merton, 121-2; New College,S, 8; Oriel, 76-7, 147-8; St. John's, 61-2; St. Mary's Hall,S, 8, 67, 70, 75, 77; Trinity, 5, 8, 64-5; University, 121-2 Paris, 39, 56, 118-9, 125-6 Parkham, 167-8 Peterborough, 223-4, 228 Petwick, 115-6 Piddington, 174 Plymouth, 118-9, 284 Pocklington, 188-9, 269-70 Portiers, 315-6 Poland, 270, 272 Portsmouth, 30, 52, 298-9 Portugal, 284, 298-9 Prand, 278, 280 Preston, 112, 140-1, 163-4 Radnor, 314-5 Rasen, 290-1 Redlingfield, 100, 102, 268-9, 277 Rheims, 128-9 Richmond, 14-5, 319-20 Robert Hall, 106 Rogermere, 270, 272 Rome, passim Romford, 335-6 Rothwell, 277, 279 Rotterdam, 7, 8 Rufford, 171-2 Ryton, 319-20 St. Albans, 125-6 St. Columb, 307-8 St. Martin's Abbey, 289 St. Omers, passim Salisbury, 62-3 Scackleton, 254-5 Scarborough, 207, 209 Scotney, 266-7 Sculthorpe, 239-40

Seville, 320-1, 345-6 Sherborne, 322-3 Shiplake, 319-20 Shrewsbury, 107-8 Shropshire, 210, 215, 273-4, 278-80. 340-1 Singleton, 219 Somerset, 9, 64-5, 94-5, 123, 147-8. 205-6, 275-6, 294 Somerton, 319-20 Southampton, 30,68, 70 Southsea Castle, 30, 52 Southwell, 280-1 Spain, 1, 3, 6, 8, 19, 21, 76, 78, 89-90, 104-5, 112, 114, 118-9, 129, 132, 134-5, 190, 193, 203-4, 260-1 , 265-6, 317-8, 333-4 Sparshott, 115-6 Stafford(shire), 74, 77-80, 90, 93, 115-6, 138, 161-2, 171-2,258,284-5, 321-2, 327-8 Stanningfield, 177-8 Staveley, 72, 74 Stilton, 111 Stockhill, 278, 280 Stony Stratford, 310-1 Sudbury, 251 Suffolk, 1, 3, 18-19, 84, 87, 100, 102, 130, 132, 152-3, 177-8, 183-4, 206-7, 248-9, 250, 252-3, 268-9, 336, 338 Sussex, 20-1, 252, 266-7, 286-7 Sutton, 72, 74 Swansea, 313, 315

Tadcaster, 326 Tamworth, 301-2 Tangley, 348-9 Taunton, 146-7, 216-7, 294-5 Thornton, 106 Tournai, 229-30 Tournon, 66-7 Towneley, 339-40 Trent, 121-2 Tunstall, 106, 149-50 Tuxford, 279-80

Uppingham, 223, 227 Urswick, 106 Uttoxeter, 90, 93

Valladolid, 121-2, 196-7 Valenciennes, 19-22 Veere, 87, 89 Venice, 216-7, 260-1


INDEXES

Wakefield, 277, 279 Wales, 82-3, 107-8 Wallingford, 22, 24 Walpole, 275-6 Walsingham, 85, 88, 239-40 Wappingthorne, 286-7 Warrington, 204, 206 Warton, 106 Vlarwickshire, 74, 76, 125-6, 170, 201-2, 263-4, 273-4 Wells, 64-6, 189, 193 Wem, 166-7 West Hallam, 230, 232 Westhope, 84, 87 Westminster, 1, 3, 25, 29, 127-8, 224, 228 Westmorland, 111, 114, 181-2 Weston, 123 Wetherby, 319-320 Whalley, 163-4, 188-9 Whinfield, 181-2 Whittingham, 163-4 Wigan, 134-5, 173 Wiltshire, 62-65, 68, 70, 147-8, 322-3 Winchester, 34, 54, 174-5 Winsley,10

365

Winston, 100, 102, 206-7 Wisbech, 16-18, 41, 57, 101, 103, 111, 278, 280, 301 Withington, 159, 160 Wiveliscombe, 216-7 Wolverton, 100, 102 Woodhall, 159, 160 Woodside, 175-6 Woolton, 119-20 Wooton Wawen, 74, 76 Worcester(shire), 5, 8, 10, 61-2, 64-5, 133-4, 263-4, 318-9 Worsley Bridge, 161-2; Hall, 161-2

Yarmouth, 131 , 133 York(shire), 10-15,125-6,150-1, 171-2, 188-9, 196-7, 204, 206, 208, 219-20, 230, 232, 245-6, 254-5, 261-2, 269, 273, 277, 279-80, 286, 289, 290-1, 295-7, 302-6, 308, 317-20, 326-7

Zeeland, 106, 247-8