Page 1

~ublications oftbe

<tatbolic lRecorb $ociet)2 Vol. XXXIV

Catholic Record Society was founded June 1904, for printing Registers and other old Records of the Faith, chiefly personal and genealogical, since the Reformation in England and vVales. THE 10


FACSIMILE Ol' TUE INDICTMENT OF THE VENERABLE ROBERT DRURY FOR PRIESTHOOD.

(See page 24.)


(tCatbolic Recorb &ocietp

1Lonbon ~t~~ion~ l\tcorb~ 1605-1685

EDITED BY

DOl\1 HUGH BOWLER O .S.B ., B.A.(OXON.)

LONDON I934 PRIVATELY PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY JOHN WHITEHEAD & SON LTD., LEEDS


CONTENTS. PAGE INTRODUCTION -

vii

1.

Nature and origin of these records: The SessionsArea of jurisdiction-Repository-Selection of documents.

II.

General features: Language and orthographyEngrossers and annotators-Dating.

III.

The Sources.

A.

Sessions Files: (I) Description: Their numberConstruction-Files of Recognizances and Oyer and Terminer Sessions- Re-strung and broken files. (2) Documents they contain: (a) Newgate calendars: Temp. James I-Ad melius inq1,tirendum-Marginal notes. Temp. Interregnum and Charles II-Marginal notes; (b) Recognizances; (c) Precepts and jury panels; (d) Coroners' inquisitions-post-mortem; (e) Indictments: General characteristics-Clerical minutes-C e1'tiorariIndictments for priesthood-For refusing the oath of allegiance-For recusancy (Ben Jonson's recusancy)- For being tt Papists"; (f) Incidental writings.

B, Sessions Books. C, Sessions Papers. D, Books of tt Estreats of Fines," etc. E, Repertories of the Court of Aldermen. IV. System of this book. V. Records temp. Oates Plot. Glossary of verbal contractions and legal terms TEXT.

London Sessions Records temp. James I

" ApPENDIX A. B.

I

temp. Charles I

-

10 4

temp. Commonwealth

-

105

temp. Protectorate -

-

113

. temp. Charles II

INDEX

lxi

- 153

Precedent Books of Indictment -

- 375

English translations -

-

38 0

3S9

ILLUSTRATION: Facsimile of the indictment of the Venerable Frontispiece Robert Drury for priesthood -


INTRODUCTION. I. Nature and origin of these records. A. The Sessions.-The original records herein published appertain to the sessions of the courts of criminal jurisdiction as held in and for the City of London prior to the institution of the Central Criminal Court in 1834. They are in no way concerned with the various civil courts established within the same territory-the Court of Hustings, the Courts of the Mayor and of the Sheriffs-nor with the Special Commissions of Nisi Prius whereby the King's Justices heard civil appeals at the Guildhall. These criminal courts were of three kinds, namely, General Sessions of the Peace, General Sessions of Gaol Delivery of Newgate,' and General Sessions of Oyer and Terminer. Of these, the first two were held regularly (though not at fixed dates) about eight times in the year, the former at the Guildhall and the latter at Justice Hall:t in the Old Bailey. In the early years of our period the number varied considerably; under James the First we find sometimes as many as eleven, and at the commencement of the reign of Charles the Second as few as six Gaol Deliveries per annum. After 1669, however, the regular number was eight. Moreover, the annual number of the Sessions of the Peace was always at least one more than that of the Gaol Deliveries. Each Sessions of the Peace began at the Guildhall usually two days before the Gaol Delivery at Justice Hall, whither the court was adjourned if by that time any business remained unfinished; but whereas the Commission of the Peace sat during November each year, no Gaol Delivery was ever held in that month. Four of the annual Sessions of the Peace were known as Quarter Sessions. Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, on the other hand, were not of regular occurrence, being reserved for such unusual cases as could not be tried under the Commission of Gaol Delivery, and particularly for cases of treason (cf p. ix). This court, whenever required, sat at Justice Hall concurrently with the Sessions of Gaol Delivery. The difference between the three types of sessions is to be seen in the wording of the several letters patent or "commissions" calling them irito being. By the Commission of Gaol Delivery the Justices therein named were authorized" to deliver the gaol of Newgate" of all the prisoners it contained-that is to say, to proceed against each prisoner according to law, whatever the crime with which he was charged. Their powers being thus restricted to one gaol only (Newgate), the Commissioners of Gaol Delivery had no jurisdiction over criminals confined in other London prisons

*

*, By 4 and 5 Will. IV, c. 36. Referred to in headings throughout the present book as " Sessions of

Newgate Gaol Delivery." :t This ancient court-house was situated to the north of Newgate Gaol, on the site which the Central Criminal Court (erected in 1905) now occupies.


viii

INTRODUCTION

unless they were removed to Newgate. This, however, was always done whenever it was intended to bring such persons to trial at the Old Bailey. In practice, therefore, the commission was very comprehensive. Nevertheless, it was not wide enough to meet all the contingencies of judicial business. It did not authorizeexcept in one or two statutory instances (e.g., recusancy)- the taking of indictments against persons who were not prisoners, nor did it warrant proceedings against those let to mainprize (c/. p. "xxviii). In order to cover such cases and to give the powers of the Justices a universal applicability, a supplementary Commission of Oyer and Terminer (probably of later historical origin') was issued. By this the same Justices were made competent to hear and determine" all treasons, felonies, and other crimes done within the territory of the City of London, irrespective of the present abode of the criminals themselves.:t The Commission of the , Peace was similar to the latter in character, but differed from it in scope, the faculty of hearing and determining in Justices of the Peace being confined to crimes of less gravity than capital felony. Incidentally, it is necessary here to distinguish the above-mentioned General Commissions of Oyer and Terminer from the very rare Special Commissions of that name, by which certain Justices were appointed to try particular cases of extreme urgency or importance. These special courts sat at the Guildhall. ยง The

*

it

*

It apparently did, however, in the case of persons let to bail. Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v . " ,Gaol Delivery." , So Maitland thinks: Constitutional History, p. 140. :t The Old Bailey sessions are therefore sometimes referred to as " Sessions of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery of Newgate." This raises a technical point which I must try to explain. It was considered that the Commission of Gaol Delivery gave power merely to proceed upon indictments of prisoners ; that it did not authorize--except in cases of recusancy (cf. "records of proceedings," pp. II8, 158, 164, 165, 172, 174), and possibly in other statutory cases- the holding of grand-jury inquiries by which such indictments could be found (Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v. " Oyer and Terminer "). Consequently whereas the trial, in cases of capital felony and in some cases of treason, proceeded by virtue of the Commission of Gaol Delivery, the antecedent inquiry, in cases of both kinds, had to be held by virtue of the Commission of Oyer and Terminer. This is illustrated in the proceedings against Richard Langhorne and John Francis Dickenson (cf. pp. 251, and note; 325) . In the less serious cases tried by the Commissioners of Gaol Delivery, the inquiry was made under the Commission of the Peace. The title mentioned above is therefore explained by the fact that justice was administered at the Old Bailey under two (actually three) commissions. Nevertheless, in the practice of contemporary recording clerks of London, the style given to a sessions was always defined by the commission under which proceedings subsequent to the inquiry were held. Thus, in by far the greater number of cases, the court was called simply" Sessions of Gaol Delivery of Newgate." It was only in those comparatively rare cases in which the trial (as well as the inquiry) was conducted solely under the Commission of Oyer and Terminer, ~hat the court was designated" Sessions of Oyer and Terminer." Throughout the present book this official system of nomenclature in reference to the sessions is preserved. ยง Fr. Henry Garnet, S.J., was tried under one of these special commissions in March, 1606, for supposed complicity in the Gunpowder Plot. A tablet commemorating this and other such notable trials will be found in the Great Hall of the Guildhall.


INTRODUCTION

ix

documents relating to such sessions are not preserved among the records which I have examined. General commissions for both the Guildhall and the Old Bailey .sessions were issued annually by the Crown-in the case of the Sessions of the Peace, to the Lord Mayor, the Recorder and the Aldermen, and in the case of the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer and the Sessions of Gaol Delivery, to the Lord Mayor, the Lord Chancellor and other great Officers of State, the Chief Justices of King's Bench and Common Pleas and other judges of the Superior Courts at Westminster, the Attorney and Solicitor General, the City Aldermen, the Recorder, the Common Sergeant, the judges of the Sheriffs' Courts ~ and (at least in the early years of the reign of James the First) to the Bishop of London.:I: The Lord Mayor was ex officio Chief Justice of all three courts and was named first in all commissions, but in practice the Mayor and Aldermen took . but little active part in judicial proceedings, leaving this to their lawyer colleagues on the bench. Thus at the Sessions of the Peace the Recorder was the acting judge. At the Old Bailey sessions the more serious cases were 'usually tried before the judges of the Superior Courts, those of a lighter nature before the Recorder, the Common Sergeant or a judge of one of the Sheriffs' Courts. The Recorder always passed the sentences and personally reported the capital cases to the Crown. Of the division of judicial business among these three courts, a detailed description will not be needed. The causes tried by the Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery at the Old Bailey were" roughly, treasons, misprisions of treason, and felonies, such as murder, burglary, and larceny. Of these offences, treason, according to ancient precedent, was tried at Oyer and Terminer.§ Thus coining or mint-treason in its various forms was, throughout our period, invariably determined by such commissions; so also the high treason of priesthood-at least during the reign of James the First. However, it was later held that, since the Commission of Gaol Delivery gave power to try the causes of all prisoners in the gaol specified in the letters patent, such Newgate prisoners as were charged with treason could be arraigned before the London Commissioners of Gaol Delivery,1I and this we find to have been the case during the Interregnum and the reign of Charles the Second with regard to treasons connected with religion. Sessions of the Peace dealt with less heinous" misdemeanours," such as perjury, fraud, riot, and assault. Minor, unindictable

*

*

A number of original commissions for the Old Bailey Sessions are preserved in the Guildhall archives, dating from Charles the Second's reign. They prove that in anyone year the same persons received both the Commission of Oyer and Terminer for London and the Commission of Gaol Delivery of Newgate (two separate commissions). ~ Report on MunicipaZ Corporations, 1837, Introd., p. 13. :I: Cf· pp. 52, 64, and 76 in text. § Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v. " Gaol Delivery." Cf· Jacob, loco cit.

II:


x

INTRODUCTION

offences like drunkenness were, no doubt, summarily determined out of sessions by the Aldermen, as Justices of the Peace, acting singly or in pairs. The offences which could be determined in this manner were aU of statutory origin and were very few during the seventeenth century. No records of such Petty Sessions appear to have survived. The ancient judicial system of the metropolis in regard to the Old Bailey sessions, however, was rendered somewhat intricate by the fact that these sessions were held not only for the City of London, but also for the County of Middlesex. Middlesex, unlike other Counties, was without Assizes of its own ~ and had to send all its cases of treason and felony to be tried at the London sessionshouse-Justice Hall.:r: For that purpose it had, moreover, to remove all such offenders from its various prisons, where they had been temporarily confined, to the common gaol of N ewgate, which adjoined Justice Hall and which was itself also within the City boundaries. Just as Newgate was the common gaol for both London and Middlesex prisoners, so was Justice Hall the courthouse where criminals from both territories were arraigned. At each sessions held at the Old Bailey, therefore, both London and Middlesex cases were tried, by virtue of a single commission of Gaol Delivery. § Nevertheless, until the institution of the Central Criminal Court the records of the London cases were always kept distinct from those of Middlesex and were separately filed, an identical sessions being referred to in the City documents as Sessio tenta pro Civitate London, and as Sessio tenta pro Comitatu Middlesex in those of Middlesex. It is necessary to emphasize this point because the separate filing of the two series of records has led, in the past, to some confusion. A wide selection of the Middlesex series of

*

* Maitland, Constitutional History, p.

231. Medley, p. 424. Owing to the presence of the King's Courts at Westminster: Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v. "Assize." It should be made clear that the Old Bailey sessions were not "Assizes," the Justices lacking two of the commissions then regularly issued to judges on circuit, namely, those of Assise and Nisi Prius. :r: M.C.R., 1., Preface, pp. xx-xxvi. § In the seventeenth century (except in the last years of Charles the Second and during the following reign) the Middlesex magistrates, unlike those of London, were excluded from the Commission of Gaol Delivery-a fact of which they complained to the Lord Chancellor in 1717 and 1718 (Court of Aldermen Papers, 29 April, 1718; and Rep. 122, fos. 3 and 239: City Guildhall archives). However, they were represented in the General Commission of Oyer and Terminer annually issued for Middlesex (a number of these, dating from 1689, and of Commissions of the Peace for the same County, are preserved at the Middlesex Guildhall, ·W estminster). and thereby appear to have been empowered to take an active part on the Bench in the proceedings at the Old Bailey, at least with regard to Middlesex cases. That they did so in trials for treason under James the First is indicated in M.C.R., vol. ii, where Sir Thomas Fowler, J.P. for Middlesex (p. 209), is shown (p. 203) to have been appointed with other Justices to hear and determine a case of this sort. Nicholas Collyn, Esq. (op. cit., pp. 207 and 209) provides another instance. These were not special commissions (cf. infra, p. xxiv, note). ~


INTRODUCTION

xi

*

sessional records has already been published, in calendar fashion, in Middlesex County Records (4 vols., r892), If' under the editorship of the late John Cordy J eaffreson-a work which the present writer has found to be of the greatest assistance. Notwithstanding the explicit remarks of that learned and careful editor, in the course of four valuable prefaces, with regard to the limits of his subject, an opinion seems to prevail' that the documents he calendared form the only extant records of the Old Bailey sessions. Possibly this misconception arose from the fact that he omits to mention where the London series is preserved. At any rate it is clear that students in general have neglected the City sessional records with which the present book is concerned. B. Area of Jurisdiction.-Our documents, therefore, relate exclusively to crimes done within the City of London, as distinct from the County of Middlesex-an area which comprised not only the territory lying within the City walls, but also the extra-mural " liberties" (i.e., the Wards of Farringdon \iVithout and Portsoken and those portions of wards known as Aldersgate Without, Bishopsgate Without and Cripplegate \iVithout), including all the privileged "precincts," except those of the two Temples.:I: In extent this

*

The originals of these records are now preserved at Middlesex Guildhall, Westminster. ~ This work, which covers the period I549-I688 (and which has since been carried on to I75I), is of very great value to students of the history of the penal times, but despite the assurance given us that the editor has been at pains to include references to every document bearing on the subject of religious persecution of Catholics, I find, from a cursory examination of the originals, that actually there are many omissions. For example, he omits all the data of the N ewgate calendars for Middlesex until the time of the Oates Plot; and even there his references are not exhaustive. Mr. ]eaffreson's volumes suffer,' in short, from deficiencies inevitable in a selective work covering so vast a range and dealing with so diverse a number of su bj ects. It is therefore gratifying to be able to call attention to the work of Messrs. W. Le Hardy and G. L. Reckitt, who are at present engaged in a complete re-calendaring of the documents in this series. Typescript volumes (with indexes) of this calendar, entitled lv.liddlesex Sessions Records, from A.D . 1607 to I612, are in B.M. and P.R.O. Mr. Le Hardy informs me that a printed volume carrying the same calendar to December, I614, is to appear this year, and that a similar calendar covering the earlier years from 1549 is under consideration. While we are on this subject it may be useful to some of my readers to point out that lVIr. Le Hardy has already produced calendars of the early Herts and Bucks Quarter Sessions records and is engaged in a similar work with regard to the 'W estminster Sessions (from 1620) and those of Essex (from temp . Mary) . The Surrey Record Society has published a guide to the sessions records of that County, the originals of which, I understand, are in the Muniment Room at Guildford. These records of Sessions of the Peace abound in material relating to the subject of recusancy. Such records as remain of the various provincial Assizes are now preserved at the Public Record Office, but only a few are of earlier date than I700. They have not been calendared . . :I: Report on lVlunicipal Corporations, 1837, p. 2, ยง 4. The position of Bndge Ward Without, in Southwark, was, however, exceptional. Treason and capital felony done therein were tried, of course, at the Old Bailey; b.ut for all crimes of a lighter nature it had its own Sessions of the Peace four times a year. These Quarter Sessions for" the Town and Borough of Southwark" were, in our period, held at " the Court House on St. Margaret's tEll,"


xii

INTRODUCTION

area did not exceed 700 acres, and, by reason of the rigorous laws passed under Elizabeth and Charles the Second restricting the erection of buildings in and around London, could not have contained at any time in our period many more than 130,268 inhabitants-the known number of the populace in 1631.* Notwithstanding its limited size, however, its influence was very considerable; for London, the centre of national movements and interests, has in all generations attracted those whose proper homes lie in more distant parts. There was a continual flow of visitors, both native and foreign; many of the landed gentry of England had their Town" residences whither they frequently resorted for purposes of business or pleasure. London records of this kind, therefore, will inevitably hold for the historian an interest far wider than their name would imply. From what has been said above it will be seen that theoretically the boundary between the City and the Metropolitan County was well defined; nevertheless some confusion is occasionally apparent in the minds of the lawyers of the period as to the actual area in which an offender lived or an offence was committed. A comparison of the present series of documents with those given in Mr. J eaffreson's volumes shows that several recusants who lived within the borderland of the it liberties," and whose names occur among the London indictments, were at other times prosecuted in Middlesex. The cases of the priest, Charles Parry, and of the Catholic barrister, Richard Langhorne (cf. pp. 245, note, and 285, note), afford two other notable examples of this inconsistency. C. Repository.-The original judicial records of London are preserved at the City Guildhall, in whose well-appointed Records Office the present writer examined them and made the transcripts here published. ~ Unlike those of Middlesex, these documents appear never to have changed their official abode, but to have been housed here in the custody of the Town Clerk from their inception until the present day. One might expect that under such favourable circumstances they would have come down to us in a rare state of perfection and completeness. Unfortunately this is far from being the case. As a series they are not extant earlier than the second year of the reign of James the First, and even after that date the number of documents that are missing is very great-vastly more than the losses among the Middlesex series. In attempting to It

the actual building being the ancient parish church of St. Margaret, which was used for this purpose after 1540, but has since been demolished. Cf. Besant, London South of the Thames. A number of odd files of records relating to these sessions (a separate series) is preserved at the City Guildhallnone of them earlier, probably, than the reign of Charles II. I have not studied them, nor do they form any part of the materials of this book. M.C .R., II, p. xx . It will be observed, however, that this figure is far higher than at the present day, when the same region is monopolized by warehouses, offices, and business houses. , The records of the sessions held at the Old Bailey from about 1745, or such of them as survived the destructive fire of 1878, are preserved, so I am told, in the archives of the Central Criminal Court.

*


xiii

INTRODUCTION

account for these unfortunate disappearances, one may pomt first to the effects of damp, which are apparent in many of the early files. Another contributory cause lies probably in the fact that the sessions records were not allowed to remain undisturbed but were sometimes removed for prolonged consultation by the Town Clerks. Thus on September 19th, 1609, it was suggested in a report to the Court of Aldermen That the Records wch Mr Towneclark carryed out of the Treasory [the Chamberlain's strong-room] of deposicions veiwes Sessions Rolls and others whatsoever of former tymes before his tyme and those of latter tymes also synce himself was Town clerk be brought and reposed in the Treasory where they remayned before his tyme and ought contynually to be reposed." Such procedure on the part of their official custodian was clearly not conducive to the safe keeping of the records. There can be little doubt, however, that most of the missing documents perished at the time of the Great Fire of September, 1666, when, according to Strype, the old Guildhall was burnt to the ground. If Among the minutes of the Court of Aldermen are one or two interesting references to the City records in connection with this catastrophe. Thus on October 18th, 1670, it was ordered that the Clerkes of the Utter Court doe place & put in order all Records in the Book house that escaped the dismall fire " ::t from which rather awkwardly phrased entry I gather that whereas the Treasury" had hitherto been the proper abode of the sessions records, they were, after the Great Fire, lodged with the other City records in the Book House," another muniment room of the Guildhall. The latter repository is frequently mentioned in the Repertories of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but what part of the building it occupied is unknown. If we consider the magnificent set of municipal records that actually did survive the Fire, we may reasonably suppose that this repository did not share the general destruction. Possibly it was situated in the vaults. The order of October, 1670, was repeated at the session of 13 October, 1674, when the minutes record that it was alleadged that many of them [the Books and Records of the City] were burnt or lost at the time of the said fire."ยง These extracts, it will be seen, do not mention the sessions records in particular, but that they too suffered on that occasion may be inferred from the fact that the series of Sessions Files and Sessions Books are absolutely complete from October, 1666, whereas right up to t he eve of that date gaps continually occur. D. Selection of Documents.-The present work is not a complete . calendar of the London sessions records, but a selection of such documents in that series as relate to Catholics or have any bearing on the history of the persecution of Catholics in the matter of <t

*

t(

t(

t(

t(

* Rep. 29, fo1. 87.

W illiam Sebright was T own Clerk 1574-1613.

If Strype, Survey: ed. 1720, I , iii, 52.

=Rep. 75, fo1. 331. ยง Rep. 79, fo1. 399.


xiv

INTRODUCTION

religion. As such it has been my intention and endeavour to make the work exhaustive. For the satisfaction of students I ought to say that in gathering the materials I have personally examined all the sessional documents in these archives to the end of the reign of Charles the Second-upwards of sixty thousand in number-and that to the best of my knowledge every scrap of information relating explicitly to our subject to be found among them is set forth in the following pages in its original fonn. The reader, however, will please note the exact terms of this claim. There exists in this series one class of documents, namely, Recognizances (cJ. p. xxix), which, within the period 1605-1618, very rarely give any indication of the character of the cases to which they refer. Here, indeed, I may have missed some hidden references to our subject, for I regarded it as impracticable in a work of this kind to calendar some hundreds of documents on the chance of lighting here and there on an obscure Catholic name. Moreover, it is my duty to point out that I have acted on the assumption that the indictments and " certificates of conviction" for" being present at an assembly under colour or pretence of any exercise of religion in other manner than according to the liturgy and practice of the Church of England," pursuant to the Conventicle Acts of 1664 and 1670, do not actually include Catholics. These Acts were primarily directed against Protestant Dissenters (Quakers appear to have suffered most), and although they were indeed so phrased as to be applicable to Catholics attending Mass, it would seem practically certain, from a comparison of the names of "Conventiclers" and "Recusants" given in the third and fourth volumes of Middlesex County Records, that in the metropolis this legislation was never enforced in their regard. The statute of 23 Eliz., cap. I, against the saying and hearing of Mass would presumably have formed the basis of any prosecution in the case of Catholics. Nevertheless, t o guard as far as possible against omission in doubtful cases, I have made it a rule to give in the footnotes a reference to every document and item which seemed likely to con. tain an allusion of interest to Catholic students. It is possible that the genealogist will be able to identify among these doubtful cases a number of Catholics unknown to me, but there will inevitably be some-the majority perhaps-entirely unconnected with the present subject. I shall refer to this matter again when dealing in detail with Newgate Calendars (p. xxv) and Inquisitionspost-mortem (p. xxxii). By way of further defining the limits of this work, it should be remarked that the Guildhall archives, rich in municipal records, contain other classes of muniments besides those to which I have devoted my attention-for instance, the Letter Books of the Corpora-

*

*

Among these will be found references to such documents as I noticed wherein recusants are shown to be concerned in prosecutions unconnected with religion. Having only the names and addresses by which to judge, I have probably inadvertently omitted a number of these cases.


xv

INTRODUCTION

tion, the Hustings Rolls, the Remembrancia, and the Repertories of the Court. of Aldermen-some of which have been or are being calendared. It should be understood that except in the case of the uncalendared Repertories (cf. p. liii), from which a few extracts will be found in the ensuing pages, I have not worked upon these. Some references to London recusants are to be seen in the " Analytical Index" to the Remembrancia, 1579- 1664 (published in 1888), and it is possible that the other series of records mentioned above contain occasional allusions to the same subject. II. The Sessions Records of London: general features.-Since the documents with which we are dealing are of a technical nature, it would be idle to expect those who have had no opportunity of studying judicial customs and procedure of the seventeenth century to be able readily to interpret them or to extract from them the measure of historical fact which they are capable of yielding. My task in the space here allotted to me will therefore be to describe and, so far as I am able, to elucidate the documents themselves, rather than to generalize historically on the period which they cover. In this difficult, not to say hazardous, undertaking, I have been guided by the writings of Jeaffreson, already mentioned, and by other standard works dealing with the subject. A. Language and Orthography.-Except during the years of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, when the vulgar tongue was employed, the language of the law was Latin.¡lC This Latin was, however, of a curious kind-very "English" in construction, peculiar in vocabulary, and governed by rules of its own. The classicist may be startled to find, for instance, existit presentatum for" it is presented," consideratu,m fuit for" it was decreed," and the extraordinary liberties taken with the conjunction quod. But when such peculiarities have been realized, this new language is the less difficult to understand by reason of its very resemblance to English forms. It has the advantage of straightforwardness. A greater difficulty lies in the abbreviated manner in which it was written. Diffuse though all legal records are, owing to the legal passion for exactitude, their verbosity was then to some extent countered by an extremely contracted form of writing. In this ~ense your seventeenth-century legal scribe was indeed a master m the art of putting things briefly. Out of every ten words in the original MSS. hardly four have their full and proper Latin form, som.e being so shorn as to be quite meaningless unless one is acqu~mted with the various signs indicating the letters omitted. ~ It IS now considered by most Record Societies (including our own)

*

~ Among these I may cite Jacob, Law Dictionary (1 756); Wharton, Law L ex.'tcon (18 76); Stephen, History of Criminal Law, 3 vols. (r883); and Maltland, Constitutional H istory of England (1926). , F;n~lish was finally substituted for Latin by 4 Geo . II, c. 26. J acob, Law D'tct'tOnary: "Process." For information on this subject see C. T. Martin, The Record Interpreter (1910), Preface.

=


xvi

INTRODUCTION

to be undesirable slavishly to reproduce the text of Latin documents in this abridged form; therefore in the transcripts which appear in this book the text of the originals has to some extent been expanded. Actually the method I have followed is that adopted in Volume XVIII of this Society's publications, wherein all internal contractions of words are expanded, but the terminal contractionssignified by the" superior" letter or apostrophe- are preserved as in the MSS. By this compromise a considerable amount of space has been saved, and the text, at the same time, brought to a form which will be recognisable by those who have not forgotten their Latin. For their further assistance I have thought fit to include, at the end of tl>.is introduction, a glossary of abbreviated Latin words and legal terms occurring throughout the work. With the help of this and of the full translations of certain typical documents which will be found in Appendix B, the reader should be able fairly easily to gather the meaning of any document he may wish to consult. Additional aid in this respect has been given in the footnotes. In the matter of punctuation and the use of capital letters I have followed the MSS. strictly. The former, for the most part, is conspicuous by its absence: the latter shows a freedom which defies all modern rules. Another peculiarity which these documents share with the other records of the period is the inconsistency they exhibit in the spelling of proper names. I need hardly point out that such spelling is very largely phonetic. Not a little confusion is caused also by the exact similarity in all handwritings between small u's and n's, a fact to which I have found it necessary frequently to call attention. For example, I was uncertain of the actual surname of the recusant William Jeudy (? otherwise Judith), until I came upon another reference to him in the guise of Jewdy. On his first appearance I had been inclined to give him the erroneous but more dignified name of J endy. Before closing this subject I would call attention to the great value of the vernacular documents of the period 1651-1660 as guides to the interpretation of the Latin records relating to similar offences in earlier and later years. B. Authorship. (I) Engrossers and Annotators.- The work of engrossing judicial documents, for the most part merely a matter of copying precedents, was assigned to a few special clerks in the various offices and chambers whence the documents issued. The accomplishments of these scribes in respect of penmanship and appreciation of Latin grammar varied considerably. We have on the one hand the crabbed writing and barbarous idiom of the gaol clerk who prepared the Newgate calendars in the early years of the reign of James the First-characteristics to be found also among the recognizances written by the clerks employed by some of the Aldermen-Justices of the Peace-on the other, the comparatively fine calligraphy and, in the main, accurate Latinity of the successive clerks responsible for the engrossing of indictments,


.I

INTRODUCTION

XVll

precepts, pleas, and other writings originating in the office of the Town Clerk or his Deputy. Thus among the records appertaining to a single sessions one finds documents written in a dozen or more different hands, each showing peculiarities of its own, in spelling and in choice of formula. The difficulties arising from this multiplicity of styles are nevertheless considerably lessened by the fact that throughout long periods the same hands continually recur. The identity of these anonymous perfonners of legal hack-work would probably be of no particular interest to the reader, even were it ascertainable, but it is a matter of some regret that the same obscurity covers the annotators, for the latter clerks were evidently picked men and their work in court was of the highest importance judicially. This work consisted in entering briefly upon the original indictments the particulars of anaignment, which, for purposes of future reference, were in most cases the only legally evidential records of the proceedings in each case. The same clerk also annotated the recognizances, the Newgate calendars and the Sessions Books, and was responsible for this minuting at all the London sessions with which we are concerned during his term of office; of this the handwriting gives conclusive proof. The work of annotation, as will be seen below, was regarded as prominent among the duties of the Clerks of the Peace and of the Arraigns, but the dissimilarity between the actual signatures of these officers appended to the precepts (cJ. p. xxxi) and the handwriting of the minutes makes it quite clear that, in practice, such clerical work was entrusted to an assistant. There seems no means of discovering who these assistant clerks were or what was their official title. In the present book I have referred to them as " clerks of the court." (2) Clerks o/the Peace and of the Arraigns.-The Clericus Communis or Town Clerk was not only the Keeper of the City Records (as he is to-day), but also Clerk of the Peace for the City, the emoluments of which Clerkship he enjoyed until 1801, when the two offices were separated. In this capacity he attended all Sessions of the Peace as the official Clerk of the Court. The duties of the London Clerk of the Peace of this period are enumerated in the minutes of the Court of Common Council of 6 August, 1829. 'fC Among his curial duties were the following: to attend the sessions and enter and record all proceedings of the court; to enter appearances and defaults of parties bound by recognizances, and to discharge the recognizances of those who performed the conditions; to issue writs to Sheriffs and Bailiffs to return jurors for trials of indict~ents for misdemeanours. Among his inter-sessional duties: to Issue precepts for holding sessions and summoning jurors; to prepare and pass bills of indictments to be preferred to the grand jury; to make copies of indictments for misdemeanours when required; to return writs of error and certiorari; to estreat into his Majesty's

*

*

Report on Municipal Corpol'ations, 1837, ยง 33 . . , Mi1tutes and Reports of Common Council, 1829-30.

chIves.)

b

(Guildhall ar-


xviii

INTRODUCTION

Exchequer the recognizances of such persons as made default and also all fines, issues, and amerciaments set by the court. As I have already explained, all the ordinary clerical work connected with the office was performed by subordinates. At the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer and of Gaol Delivery of Newgate held at the Old Bailey the corresponding office wa known as the Clerkship of the Arraigns. This was not a corporate office, but one to which the Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer appointed. De facto, however, there is evidence that throughout our period they always appointed the person who was Clerk of the Peace for the City, i.e., the Town Clerk. Sufficient proof of this lies in the fact that the Town Clerk invariably signed and issued the precepts not only for the Sessions of the Peace, but also for the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer and of Gaol Delivery. Until 1801, therefore, the Town Clerk executed both offices. The Town Clerks were thus so intimately connected with the present records that a few particulars concerning them will not be out of place here. The names and dates of the successive Town Clerks in our period are: William Sebright, 1574-April, 1613. John Weld, April, 1613-September, 1642 (deprived as a Royalist). Robert Michell, October, 1642-July, 1649. John Sadler, July, 1649-September, 1660 (deprived as an adherent of the Parliament). Sir John Weld, Knt., (restored) 'September, 1660-November, 1666. William Avery, November, 1666-February, 1671/2. William Wagstaffe, February, 1671/2-1690/9I. Several of these Town Clerks, however, by reason of infirmity or pressure of work, were allowed the assistance of Deputies during part of their careers. Thus we find in the Repertories of the Court of Aldermen that on 2 May, 1609, Richard Langley, of Lincoln's Inn, was appointed Deputy to Sebright at the latter's request. Langley probably held this post as long as Sebright remained in office. Robert Michell was admitted Deputy to Weld on 2 December, 1630, and remained so till his own election as Town Clerk. Again, throughout his second period of office, Weld had the assistance of William Avery, who was appointed Deputy on 21 September, 1660. These are the only instances of such appointments recorded in the Repertories in the years 16°5-1685. \iVhat was the nature and measure of this assistance? So far as one can gather from the available records the Deputy Town Clerk had to hold himself in readiness to perform temporarily any duties incident to the office of his Chief that were required of him. It would seem that he was not assigned, completely and irrevocably, the exercise of any particular branch of them. On first studying the matter I thought

*

*

Further evidence that the Town Clerk acted as Clerk of the Arraigns may be seen in the series of warrants set forth in the text of this book (pp. 56, 60, and 78).


INTRODUCTION

xix

the evidence pointed to the fact that Deputies invariably took over the work pertaining to the Clerkships of the Peace and of the Arraigns, but a further examination showed that whereas the Deputies did at times exercise these functions, it was only intermittently. Thus, although the series of warrants directed by Montague the Recorder to Langley between 1610 and 1613 (already referred to) shows that Deputy executing duties belonging to the Clerkship of the Arraigns, and although Langley's signature occurs on precepts for Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery between August, 1610, and February, 1612/13, nevertheless Sebright's signature reappears on both series of precepts in March and April, 1613. Again, these records provide no evidence that Avery, as Deputy to Weld, performed any duties connected with the two offices. It would seem certain, therefore, that the Deputies acted as Clerks of the Peace and of the Arraigns only when and as long as the Town Clerk could not attend to these duties himself. C. Dating.-The peculiarities of dating observable in all seventeenth-century documents of this kind will be well known to most of my readers, so that I need do little more than briefly allude to them here. (1) Old Style. It will be understood that the dates throughout the present work are according to the Old Style-that is to say, ten days behind the reckoning of the Gregorian calendar which was observed in all neighbouring continental countries after 1583. England did not adopt the New Style until the Calendar Act of 1752. (2) The Legal Year. Another quite constant feature of these records is that the year was reckoned as beginning on March 25th, all days falling in the months of January, February, and March (up to and including the twenty-fourth day of that month) being counted as belonging to the same year as that of the preceding December. The commencement of the legal year was altered to January 1st in 1753. (3) Regnal Dating. Whereas the annus Domini was exclusively employed in documents belonging to the period of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, the more usual method of dating at other times was to reckon by the regnal years of the reigning sovereign, counting each year as beginning on the anniversary of the accession to the throne. Since I have given the dates under both forms in headings throughout the present book, and, at the commencement of each reign, the actual day of accession, there is no need to set out here a table of regnal dates. In this connection it should be remembered, however, that Charles the Second reckoned his regnal years from the date of his father's death (Jan. 30, 1648/9)-ignoring the intervening years of the Puritan Revolution-so that the first actual year of his reign (1660) was styled" 12 Charles II." Mayoral Dating.-There remains another system of dating frequently used in these records which, so far as I know, is peculiar to the City of London, and which therefore requires a more de-

*

.*

~n 1801 we find a " lV[r Shelton," D eputy Town Clerk to ' iVilliam Rix, acting In both capacities: Report of the Court of Common Council, 3 N ovem ber. J 80I. (Guildhall archives.)


xx

INTRODUCTION

tailed explanation. It is to be found in entries in N ewgate calendars of the first ten years of the reign of James the First-until September, I6I3, inclusively*; in annotations to indictments-infrequently under James but regularly thereafter; and in annotated items in the Sessions Books. Dates according to this system have a form of their own by which they may be easily recognized, the day and the month being invariably denoted by numerals, in the followmg manner, e.g., I5/4/I605'' or I5 .4. I605." The basis of reckoning is the mayoral year of office, and its distinctive characteristic lies therefore in the computation of the months. Here we come upon a phenomenon to which I must call particular attention. Throughout the period with which we are concerned, the annual election of the Lord Mayor took place (as it still does) on Michaelmas Day, September 29th, but the day of assuming office was October 28th, not November 9th, as it has been since the Reformation of the Calendar, I752. ~ An examination of the sessions records shows that in the earliest extant documents the mayoral dating supposes October (the first month after the election) as the first month of the year of office, but that from January, I6I7, onwards, November (the first month after the assumption of office) was so reckoned. The change was made some time between September, I6I3, and January, I6I7, for the last document bearing a date according to the October reckoning is the Newgate calendar of September, I6I3, and the first in the November reckoning occurs on the file of January, I6I7. We cannot fix the time of this change with greater precision, for such files as survive within this period contain no documents dated in the mayoral fashion. It is furthermore regrettable that no information can be discovered in the Guildhall archives which throws any light on the cause of this change in clerical custom. From what has been said above the reader will understand that the date, say, I5 . 4," occurring in the period I605 to. September, I6I3, will signify" I5 January," but after January, I6I7, the same figures will stand for" I5 February." One has also to remember, of course, that the figures indicating the year in mayoral dating assume the year to commence on March 25th. For instance, " IS . 4 . I605'' will signify "I5 January I605/6.'' To avoid confusion in this matter I have given in the footnotes the modern equivalent of every mayoral date appearing in the text. Finally, a further peculiarity must be noticed. The dates ascribed to trials or appearances before the court are not, as a rule, precise, but signify merely the commencement of the sessions, during the course of which the trial was held or the appearance occurred. The sessions generally lasted about a week. (t

(t

It

*

It was employed also in the calendars of Middlesex prisoners up to this time, but, so far as I know, nowhere else among the :l\1iddlesex records. Its presence in the Middlesex calendars is to be explained by the fact that the same gaol clerk ell grossed the calendars both for London and for Middlesex. Cf¡ " Newgate Calendars," infra, p. xxv. , Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, ii, Introd., p. xxviii.


INTRODUCTION

xxi

III. The Sources.-The records of the London sessions are derivable from six different sources, namely, Sessions Files, Sessions Books, Sessions Papers, Books of " Estreats of Fines, Amerciaments and Recognizances forfeited and assessed," and Precedent Books of Indictment. I propose now to consider these main groups separately. A. Sessions Files. (I) Description. (a) Their number.-The Sessions Files provide by far the largest and most important section of the records which comprise the present collection, the other sources giving merely subsidiary information. Throughout our period the files are composite in character; that is to say, each contains the original documents relating not only to the Guildhall Sessions of the Peace, but also to the Old Bailey sessions, which, as has been already pointed out, coincided about eight times a year. Speaking generally, therefore, we may say that there are eight files to every year, the documents of the November Sessions of the Peace being invariably filed with those belonging to the Sessions of the Peace and of Gaol Delivery held in the following December. The earliest extant sessional documents in the archives are a few odd membranes originally belonging to a file for the sessions of 14 July, 1568. No others have survived from Elizabethan times. Two loose documents dated IS July, 1603, also remain. Not until January, 1604/5 do the files begin to take on the appearance of a series. The actual dates of the Old Bailey sessions between April, 1608, and February, 1659/60, are given in the volumes of the original Gaol Delivery Register (preserved at the Middlesex Guildhall). Taking these dates.yc as a basis of computation in that period, and assuming an average of eight sessions per annum where the sessional dates are unknown, I conclude that from January, 1604/5, to February, 1684/5 (when our period ends), 671 Sessions of Gaol Delivery were held at the Old Bailey, for each of which a London file once existed. Actually only 307 of these have survived. Of the 364 that have disappeared, 195 belong to the years of Charles the First, of whose reign only one file (dated 29 May, 1639) remains-a calamity for the student of seventeenthcentury Catholicism, the period 1642-1649 being one of severe persecution in this City, on which there is great need of further light. A broad survey of the incidence of the gaps in the series at other times shows that the files of the reign of James the First are missing either singly or in groups, in no apparent order; so that although no year is quite complete, nevertheless each year is represented by at least one file-except the years 1623 and r624, of which all the records are lost. From the Commonwealth onwards, however, it is remarkable that the files have disappeared not singly but in groups, often in groups of eight or multiples of

*

*

Some remarks on the Precedent Books of Indictment will be found in Appendix A, p. 375. , As quoted by Jeaffreson in M.C.R .


xxii

INTRODUCTION

eight. Thus from May, 1649, to October, 1659, the series runs as follows: May, 1649-0ctober, 1649 (five files), extant; December, 1649-0ctober, 1651 (sixteen files), missing; December, 1651October, 1652 (eight files), extant; December, 1652-0ctober, 1653 (eight files), missing; December, 16S3-0ctober, 1655 (sixteen files), extant; December, 1655-0ctober, 1656 (eight files), missing; December, 1656-0ctober, 1659 (twenty-four files), extant. I can offer no explanation for this curious fact. Which set of conditions is the less unfavourable to the student is doubtful, but it will be agreed that whereas the state of the Jacobean records allows him to follow with more security the general trend of governmental policy regarding "Papistry," he is, under the later conditions, enabled to obtain some reliable statistics-within limited periods at least. For the first six years of the reign of Charles the Second only nineteen files are extant. We have no means of ascertaining the dates of the missing files, but, basing our calculation again upon an average of eight sessions per annum; it would appear that thirty-three have here disappeared. From October, 1666, to the end of this reign an unbroken series of Sessions Files and Books exists in excellent preservation. Thus as regards these two sources the London records of the Oates Plot period are fortunately entire. (b) Their Construction.-Having collected together the various parchments belonging to a preceding sessions, the Clerk of the Peace-or one of his clerical servants-went about the work of filing them in the following manner. He first procured a long piece of hempen string or a thin strip of vellum and threaded it through the top left-hand comer of the largest and strongest of the membranes at hand. This was almost invariably the Newgate calendar of prisoners for that sessions, which he had already endorsed in a bold hand "London scilicet. Sessio Deliberacionis Gaolae de Newgate," adding thereafter the full date. Knotting the string at the back of this document, he then proceeded to pierce the margin of each of the other documents in a similar place and to file them in a certain sequence as I shall now describe. Next to the calendar were fixed most of the records of the Sessions of the Peace, to wit, the grand jury panel, the precept of venire facias ordering the Sheriffs to summon the grand jurors, the indictments (true bills) and the ignored bills-in that order. Then were filed the following documents relating to the Sessions of Gaol Delivery: the petty jury panel* and precept, coroner's inquisitions-postmortem submitted to the grand jury and used as indictments for murder or manslaughter, inquisitions-post-mortem on the bodies of prisoners lying dead in N ewgate or other London prisons, indictments and ignored bills. Among the indictments were placed records of proceedings, pleas, writs of capias and supersedeas, and

*

On the back of this document was regularly recorded the date, commission, and adjournments of the current Sessions of Gaol Delivery. The grand jury panel mentioned above was endorsed in a similar way with a record of the Sessions of the Peace.


INTRODUCTION

xxiii

other writings incidental to the various cases. After these came the records of Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, if any such sessions were held, namely, the grand jury panel and precept, the writs of venire for the summoning of a special petty jury for each case, the panels pursuant thereto, the indictments and record of the sessions. The clerk then filed the recognizances of persons bound over to appear at the Sessions of the Peace and, finally, the recognizances relating in a similar way to the Sessions of Gaol Delivery. Such was the usual order of the filing in the period 1649-1685. It is not to be supposed, however, that this order was always precisely adhered to, or that all the types of documents above are to be found on every file. The only documents which invariably occur are precepts, jury panels, true bills, and recognizances. Moreover, in the reign of James the First the investigator will find an even less consistent method of filing, possibly because many of these early files have been broken and re-strung in later times. Jacobean clerks appear, on the whole, to have favoured the following sequence: Newgate Calendar, grand jury precept and panel, Gaol Delivery petty jury precept and panel, indictments taken at Sessions of Gaol Delivery and of the Peace (in no discernible order), petty jury precept and panel for Sessions of the Peace, recognizances. The filing completed, the clerk now arranged the various membranes evenly as regards their upper edges and folded the broader documents backwards so that they should not emerge beyond the limits of the N ewgate Calendar, first filed. He then wrapped the latter document round the others, giving to what was actually a file the appearance of a roll. It will be clear, therefore, that the length of these files (or "rolls" as their Middlesex counterparts are called by Jeaffreson) is detennined by the breadth of the document employed as a wrapper. Under James the First this was about one foot: in later times, on the average, fifteen inches. There is also a considerable disparity in bulk between the files of this reign and those of the later period. Not only are the documents smaller and written on finer parchment, they are also less numerous. The average number of documents to be found on the files after the year 1649 is, I should say, about 200 (some of the heavy files of December contain over 400), whereas under James they rarely, if ever, exceed ISO, the average being somewhere in the region of 80 docwnents. Judging from the number of indictments on files which are intact it would seem that London judicial business gradually increased during the seventeenth century. (c) Files of Recognizances and of Sessions of Oyer and Terminer.The difference in size between the files of the Jacobean and later epochs is to some extent accounted for by the fact that under James the First the recognizances, which always formed the most numerous class of documents relating to any sessions, were frequently filed separately. So also, as a rule, were the records of trials at Sessions of Oyer and Terminer. The latter deserve


xxiv

INTRODUCTION

some further notice. Preserving, as they do, the records of the most important trials, the interest of these diminutive files is in inverse ratio to their size. They usually comprise merely five documents (two precepts, grand and petty jury panels, an indictment and a record of the sessions) relating to a single case; sometimes another indictment occurs-against a second offender-with an extra petty jury precept and panel. It is to be feared that the very slightness of these files has been the cause of the disappearance of the majority of them. Actually, only five (and a few documents belonging to two others) have survived. The fact that among these survivors were discovered the records relating to no less than three Catholic Martyrs-Drury, Newport, and Maxfield-makes us realise the greatness of our misfortune in being deprived of the rest.

*

(d) Re-strung and Broken Files.-Before closing these general remarks about the sessions files I should not omit to comment on the far from satisfactory condition in which the ravages of time have left about a third of those of James the First's reign. Upon examination, the connecting thread of several of them was found to be broken and the documents loose; in many other cases the nature of this cord proved that the file had been re-strung at some subsequent period. For purposes of the comparative study of the present records, it is of no little importance that the reader should be acquainted with these particulars and warned that in such cases the completeness of the files must be a subject of doubt. Although some reference to the matter has been made in the course of the book, I have thought it necessary to subjoin here a full list of the Gaol Delivery files so affected:Re-strung-March, 1604/5; April, July, October, 1606; September, October, 1607; January, 1607/8; September, 1608; January, 1608/9; May, August, 1609; May, August, December, 1610; April, 1611 ; January, 1611/12; April, 1615; October, 1617; February, 1617/18; January, 1618/19; February, 1619/20; March, May, 1620. Broken-February, 1604/5; January, 1606/7; June, December, 1608; February, 1608/9; March, 1609/10; January, 1616/17; April, 1618; September, 1621; July, 1622.

ap.

*cit.,Similar files are to be found among the Middlesex records. J eaffreson, describes these as :files of " Special Sessions of Oyer and Terminer."

This would appear to be misleading, as implying, technically, a " special" commission. That the Justices appointed to try these cases held only the General Commission of Oyer and Terminer is clear from the wording of the " Records of Sessions," where the commission is invariably referred to as " ad inquirendum ... de quibuscunque prodicionibus ... ac ad easdem prodiciones ... audiendum et terminandum." E.g., document (5), p. 26. This is further corroborated by the original Commissions of Oyer and Terminer of the later seventeenth century, still preserved at the London and Middlesex Guildhalls. These are all general commissions. Special commissions always contained the name of the particular person to be tried.


INTRODUCTION

xxv

Between 1622 and 1685 the extant files are, generally speaking, in a very satisfactory state. The few instances where their integrity is questionable are remarked upon in the course of the book. (2) The documents they contain.-I no~ pr.opose to describe the various types of documents to be met wIth III the files, or such of them as find a place in the present work. (a) Newgate Calendars.*-A few days before each Sessions of Gaol Delivery the Keeper of Newgate Gaol (or one of his subordinates) procured two large pieces of parchment and on one of them inscribed, lengthwise, the names of all persons committed from London to Newgate since. the preceding sessions, giving in each case the authority for the commitment, a brief description of the charge and, generally, the date of arrival at the prison. . On the other he entered in a similar manner the particulars of N ewgate prisoners arrested in Middlesex. In each case the order of the entries in this upper section corresponded with the chronological order of commitment. , When the sessions opened he sent these two " calendars" to the respective Clerks of the Arraigns (or their assistants) at Justice Hall, where further additions were made below of the names of such prisoners as arrived during the course of the sessions, that is to say, not only of recently arrested persons, but also of those who appeared on bail or were brought from other prisons to stand their trial at the Old Bailey. As the sessions proceeded, the" clerk of the court" who made these additional entries also recorded in the left-hand margin of the documents, opposite the names, the orders of the court in each case. At the close of the sessions each calendar was filed with its own particular series of documents, forming the outer cover or wrapper of the file. \Ve are concerned here, of course, with the London calendars only. :r: The width of these documents has already been mentioned; their length varies considerably. Some of the early ones measure only a foot in length, whereas among those of later years it is not unusual to find specimens over five feet long-composed of two or three skins stitched together. The great size of these later calendars is due to the much bolder handwriting then employed, and to other reasons which will appear later. Owing to the unfortunate custom of using them as file wrappers, several of the calendars

*

The drafting of documents of this kind appears to have been ordered by the statute 3 Hen. 7, c. 3 (1486): cf. Stephen, Rist. of Crim. Law, i, 236-7. Whether they have an earlier origin I am unable to say. , The entries were no doubt copied from the gaol register. I have been unable to trace this register, but that such a record once existed stands to reason, and is, moreover, vouched for by Dr. Richard Smith, Bishop of Chalcedon, in the official catalogue of English martyrs presented by him to Propaganda in 1628, where he refers to it as " Registrum Carceris Neoporten~is.". In 1670 the Quaker, William Penn, also cites the" Newgate Book" In hls tract The Second Part of the Peoples Ancient and !'ust Liberties asse1'ted (p. 3 1 ). It is possible that the volumes of the register relating to our period were destroyed when Newgate was sacked by the Gordon rioters in 1780 . . = The Middlesex calendars are attached to the files preserved at the MIddlesex Guildhall, Westminster.


xxvi

INTRODUCTION

belonging to the period of James the First are mIssmg, having become detached from their files, and such as exist are often badly torn and rubbed. From 1649 to 1685, however, every existing .file has its calendar attached, and their condition is far more satisfactory. (i) Calendars temp. James I.-\Vritten in uncouth Latin, the calendars of this period bear no title other than the words" London scilicet," followed by figures indicating the year. After September, 1613, no dates whatever appear beyond this titular date and that contained in the endorsement, but up to that time the entries- in the upper section are dated in the mayoral fashion, as already stated (p. xx). A fact of primary importance about the Jacobean calendars is that they do not give a complete list of all the prisoners then confined in Newgate, but only of those who had been consigned to the gaol since the preceding sessions and of those remanded prisoners whose cases were to be considered by the court. (a) The sub-section" Ad melius inquirendum."-A section bearing this title (U for further inquiry")' was almost invariably added at the foot of the calendar by the gaol clerk, in which he placed the names of prisoners who had been committed some time before the preceding sessions and against whom it was intended to proceed by indictment and trial as soon as suffIcient evidence was forthcoming. It is common to find the same names occurring in this sub-section on several consecutive calendars, until such time as the persons concerned were arraigned or discharged. I would point out, however, that the names of Catholic prisoners rarely appear under this heading-at least up to the beginning of 1613. ~ It is quite certain that, at this time, many Catholic prisoners, having refused the oath of allegiance, were kept in Newgate for long periods without being allowed to stand their trial. On three occasions only do we get a glimpse of the full list of these prisoners (cf pp. 67, 73, and 86 in text). But it should be observed that these lists are documents distinct from the calendars and were drafted for a particular purpose. The names which they give never appear on the regular N ewgate calendars except at the time of original commitment or on the rare occasions when one or another of their cases came up for the consideration of the court. As regards the majority of these prisoners there seems to have been no intention of instituting proceedings. ((3) Marginal Notes.-The annotations occurring in the left-hand margin of the calendars were made for the most part by the clerk of the court and refer to court orders at the current sessions. Occasionally the gaol clerk added a memorandum, as, for instance,

*

*

This applies also to the calendar of May, 1639-the only existing calendar of the reign of Charles 1. , Since this title is used with reference to prisoners not yet arraigned, it would appear to have no relation to the writ melius inquirendum. :I: Exceptions to the general rule are the cases of Owen Browne, Mark Broughton, and Thomas Sleepe (Pp.42 et seq.), and of John Trentam and Thomas Fathers (p. 87).


INTRODUCTION

xxvii

when a prisoner died or was discharged before the opening of the sessions. Among the more frequently occurring annotations is the note Reprivatur sine ballio (" he is reprieved without bail "). This requires some explanation. The word" reprieve" at that time had a simpler and broader connotation than it has to-day . . In these records it is used not only in the modern sense of " reprieve," i.e., after judgment (implying the suspension of the execution of a sentence), but also in the modern sense of "remand" (before conviction). These different meanings are clearly shown in Commonwealth calendars, e.g., in that of June, 1652 (p. III, note), where the note Reprieved in Gaole " is to be found not only in the entries concerning Thomas Budd and John Jackson, who had both been attainted for High Treason, but also in that of John Wilson or Warde, who had not even been indicted. Jeaffreson derives the word " reprieve" through the Old French reprist from the Latin reprehendere (or 'retro-prehendere) =" to take back.'" Be this as it may, it is evident that in the present judicial records it meant merely" re-imprisoned "-without that further signification of" pardon" now commonly associated with the term. I Utay add that whenever the word appears in its expanded Latin form in the London records it is always reprivatur-a coined word peculiar to the legal language of the day. The note" reprieved without bail" implies, therefore, simply that the prisoner concerned has been ordered back to prison by the court, to be detained there without the privilege of release on bail. On examining the series of calendars of this reign I was struck by the fact that in every instance of the commitment of a Catholic to prison for offences connected with religion this note appeared in the margin. Since many entries on these calendars are accompanied by no description whatever of the cause of imprisonment, I have set out in the footnotes all such entries to which this note is attached, in order that any Catholic names possibly included among them may be saved from oblivion. Another common marginal note is Indictatur=" he is indicted," which occasionally appears in this full form (e.g., in the calendar of January, 1611/12), but throughout our period is usually represented by the contraction Ind'. It is important to observe that in cases of postponed trials the occurrence of this note on the calendars is not a sure indication of the actual date of indictment. Sometimes it does occur in the calendar of the sessions at which the indictment was preferred (e.g., in the case of Charles Parry, p. 253 in text), but it is generally to be found at the time of the deferred trial (cf. the cases of William J ennyson, p. 58, note, and John Bully, p. 330). The same inconsistency with regard to the use of the note indictatur appears in the Sessions Books. (ii) Calendars temp. Interregnum and Charles II.-After a gap of ten years we find that by the year 1649 (when the series recommences) the Newgate calendars have developed into documents of

*

It

*

~ t occurs usually in the contracted forms repr' sine ball'; sine ball'; or even szne r'. , M.e.R., II, pp. 242-3.


xxviii

INTRODUCTION

far greater size and elaboration. From r65r English is their language, Latin being employed (after r660) solely by the clerks of the court in their additional entries and marginal annotations. We still find, of course, the list of recent commitments in the upper section, but the Jacobean sub-section" ad melius inquirendum" has now given place to two others, entitled respectively {{ Prisoners reprieved to orders" and "Prisoners convicted and reprieved before and after judgement"-the first containing the names not only of prisoners remanded by the court at the preceding sessions, but also of those serving terms of imprisonment in Newgate according to sentence; the second (as the title implies) containing the names of convicted persons reprieved, either before or after judgment, at a sessions held some time in the past. These two sub-divisions, under Charles the Second, become merged into one, bearing the general title" London prisoners upon orders." Thus from r649 the calendars give us a complete roll of all prisoners detained in Newgate at the time of each sessions-a fact which is explicitly stated in a new main heading which the calendars bear in Charles the Second's reign, viz.: "A true and perfect Kallender of all prisoners in Newgate for Felonies and Trespasses." The historical value of these documents is, therefore, greatly enhanced in this later period, for in them it is possible (where the series is complete) to trace a person from the beginning to the end of his imprisonment and, moreover, to discover how his imprisonment terminated-whether by removal, discharge, or death. IJtfarginal Notes.-Among the annotations found in calendars of this period undated references to the release of prisoners are common. The limits of time within which the release actually took place can, however, be reduced to some extent if the inquirer takes the trouble to examine the handwriting of the notes. Where the note del' (" delivered") has been penned by the gaol clerk it will be clear that the prisoner concerned must have been set free some time after the preceding sessions and before the calendar was handed over to the Clerk of the Arraigns at the opening of the current sessions. Where the author of the note was the clerk of the court one may safely assume that the delivery took place during the course of the current sessions-while the calendar was in the possession of that particular clerk. I have been at pains to call attention to the handwriting of the marginal note appended to every such undated item. The frequently occurring references to "mainprize" (man~t­ captio) in such notes as m' in C~tr' (manucapitur in Curia=" he is mainprized in court "), raises the question of the distinction-now obsolete-between mainprize and bail, which seems to require some remark. Mainprize was the receiving of a person into friendly custody, who otherwise might be committed to prison, upon security given by his mainpernors or sureties (manucaptores) for his appear... ance at a time and pla~e assigned. A person mainprized was

*

* Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v. "mainprize."


INTRODUCTION

xxix

regarded as being at large until the day of appearance, whereas a person let to bail (balli~tm) was said to be not at large but in the ward or custody of his bail or sureties (plegii) for the time specified, and they (his bail) might keep him in prison if they so desired. Actually there is much confusion observable in the present records with regard to the use of these terms. For example, in many of the recognizances persons are stated to be delivered "into bail " to "mainpernors" (e.g., the first two recognizances occurring in the present book, pp. 3 and 4); again, John Francis Dickinson is noted on the Newgate calendar of February, 1680/81 (p. 320), as being" mainprized in court," a fact which is incorrectly referred to in the next calendar by the term" bayle." One fact emerges, however, which, in the Sessions Books at least, receives constant testimony, namely, that a mainprized person did not himself give security for his appearance-as he invariably did when bailed. From the evidence of such recognizances as are extant it would appear that, in the case of persons imprisoned at Newgate, mainprize, not bail, was usually allowed. If an unindicted person, detained in prison, considered that bail should have been allowed in his case, he could sue out a writ of habeas corpus from the court of King's Bench, whereby the Keeper of the gaol was ordered to produce the body of the prisoner together with the cause of imprisonment, so that the King's court might judge of its sufficiency and either remand the prisoner, admit him to bail, or discharge him, according to the nature of the charge. V';e find several references to this proceeding in the margins of Newgate calendars of the Caroline period, usually in the form Del' per Ha' Cor' (" Delivered [from NewgateJ by Habeas Corpus "). Once this note has occurred the case invariably disappears from the present records, and the inquirer should seek further information among the records of the Court of King's Bench preserved at the Public Record Office. It is quite certain that when the superior court decided to remand the petitioner and submit him to trialas was apparently done in the cases of the Dominican, John Attwood* (p. 300), and of John MacNamara and Bernard Dennis (p. 335 and note)-the prison to which he was remanded was not Newgate but, presumably, the King's Bench prison; nor was the ve.nue of the subsequent trial the Old Bailey, but the Court of Kmg's Bench. On page 200 occurs an exceptional note relating to a Catholic prisoner, James Butler. It runs " Reprieved by ha' c?r' .to ye King's Bench." The word" reprieved," I take it, here SIgnifies that the King's court found reason to " remand" Butler, who was therefore removed from Newgate to the King's Bench prison. (b) Recognizances.-Whenever an arrest was made-and it is as w~ll to remember that not only the parish constable, but also pnvate persons were (and still are) empowered without special warrant or precept to apprehend in cases of treason, felony, and

* cf¡ Challoner, p. 583, and

C.R.S., vol. xxv.


xxx

INTRODUCTION

even of breach of the peace, provided this last were done in their presence-the prisoner was immediately brought before the nearest Justice of the Peace, for there were no police-stations in those days. This official thereupon either committed the accused straightway to gaol, or, if the offence were bailable, assigned him to the temporary custody of two sureties, under pecuniary bond for his appearance at the ensuing Sessions of the Peace or of Gaol Delivery-according to the character of the alleged crime. If bail was allowed, upon payment of a fee,* instruments termed " recognizances" were drawn up, binding both the accused himself to answer to the charge in court and his accusers to give evidence. These documents stated the date at which the obligation was entered into, the name of the magistrate who witnessed it, the name, address, and description of the principal party and of his sureties (or, in the case of mainprize, of the accused and his mainpernors), the pecuniary sums owed to the King in the event of the condition not being fulfilled, and the nature of the condition itself. Every recognizance was signed by the Justice before whom it was taken-a sine qua non of validity, except, apparently, in the case of recognizances taken before the Lord Mayor, which were sometimes couched in the third person and unsigned. At the opening of the sessions the various Justices of the Peace returned" their batches of recognizances to the Clerk of the Peace, who, on the appearance or default of the persons thus bound over to appear, added the note comparuit or defaltam fecit at the foot of each document, and in the latter case subsequently sent in to the Exchequer an estreat or brief statement of the sums due to the King from the defaulting party and his sureties. Their purpose being fulfilled, the clerk then filed these strips of parchment with the other writings pertaining to the sessions, in the manner already described: whence follows the important corollary for the student of the present book that the sessions at which appearance was required by any recognizance is always the sessions on whose file the particular recognizance occurs. In addition to the cases referred to above, there were other occasions on which it was necessary to find securities. For example, if a person showed signs of disaffection to the Government by his words or bearing, or was considered a danger to the due observance of law and order, the law could, by the exercise of preventive justice, insist on his being bound over in recognizances from session to session throughout a certain period pro bono gestu (" for good behaviour "), on the condition that if he failed in any way during that time to keep the peace towards the King and his subjects the principal party and his sureties became debtors to the Crown for the several sums in which they were respectively bound. I mention this particularly because it was thus that a . number of the more dangerous" London Catholics were treated in the sevenII

II

* The J.P. received a fee of for each recognizance in the eighteenth century. Stephen, Hist. of Grim. Law, i, 231. 25.

4d.


xxxi

INTRODUCTION

teenth century, especially, as the present records prove, at the time of the Oates Plot. It is also noticeable that the security required in admitting Papists to bail was, generally speaking, heavier than in other cases. The amount varied, of course, according to the seriousness of the charge and the ability to pay, but the authorities were rarely satisfied with less than £50 and two sureties of £40 where the principal party was a Papist. If we accept the generally admitted fact that money in this period was worth ten to fifteen times as much as it is to-day, we shall realize how excessively high these sums were. Bearing in mind that in nearly every prosecution three or four persons had to be put under pecuniary bond to attend the sessions, whether to answer charges or to give evidence, the reader will hardly need to be told that the number of recognizances belonging to the years covered by this book is enormous. They form, in fact, quite half of the total number of sessional records preserved. Most of the earliest ones, until about the year 1617, are of little interest, since they rarely give any details of the accusations to which they refer. After that date, however, the engrossing clerks adopted the very laudable custom of adding at the base of each document, in English, a brief description of the charge. The series then becomes highly interesting to the researcher, who is thereby provided with a remarkable variety of information concerning every-day events, public and domestic. 14 With regard to the recognizances which have been found suitable for inclusion in the present work, there are two further points to which the reader's attention should be called; first, that they generally give full addresses of persons who are only vaguely described in indictments as "nuper de London"; secondly, that the persons entered as bailor mainpernors for the appearance of a Catholic are in reality his friends or acquaintances, and, in several instances, probably Catholics themselves. (c) Precepts and Jury Panels.-A month or so before each Sessions of the Peace the Clerk of the Peace issued a precept of venire facias :I: to the Sheriffs, ordering them to summon for the opening day of the sessions twenty-four good and lawful men de Corpore Civitatis," to serve as a grand jury not only for the Sessions of the Peace, but also for the Sessions of Gaol Delivery which followed at Old Bailey within the sanle week. The Sheriffs, having chosen these men, impanelled their names lengthwise on a long strip of parchment, adding, below, the record that each of them was attached" to

*

It

It

*

The general standard of these amounts was high. £40 from the principal party and £20 from the two sureties were quite common figures. liP I might remark here on the frequent occurrence in the November S.P. records throughout our period of summonses for" letting of squibbes in the street "-to the annoyance or injury of passers-by. :I: The London precepts would be more correctly termed venire faciatis, there being two Sheriffs. Most of the administrative work of the Sheriffs was performed by the Secondaries (Report on, Municipal Corporations, 1837, § 15 2 ).


xxxii

INTRODUCTION

*

appear at the court-house on the day specified. Both precept and panel were then returned to the Clerk of the Peace. On their arrival at the Guildhall court-house, from twelve to fifteen of these potential jurors-sometimes more, never less-were selected, tt tried" (for challenge), and sworn in court (note the word J ur' = Juratus, added opposite their names in the panels), and thereupon held their inquiry on the bills of indictment preferred to them, fmding them" true" or "not true." On the opening day of the Sessions of Gaol Delivery (generally two days later) the same jury, still sitting, apparently, at the Guildhall, perfom1ed a similar duty with regard to the bills to be presented at Justice Hall.' A petty jury-" to try the issue" between the King and such accused persons as had pleaded not guilty" to true bills found by the grand jurors-was never summoned for the Guildhall sessions, but only for those held at the Old Bailey. A study of the precepts would seem to show that cases arising at the former sessions in which a trial by jury was required were deferred till the ensuing sessions at Justice Hall. The procedure for obtaining a petty jury was similar to that already described in the case of a grand jury, but here the precept commanded that sixty persons should be impanelled from the City Wards in which the prisoners to be tried were arrested, and having duly appeared at Justice Hall, twelve only were elected and sworn. These twelve jurors appear to have served throughout the whole sessions. The present records give no direct evidence of challenge," though it is clear that in a number of cases special juries were impanelled.:t Special precepts for grand and petty juries were always issued for trials at Sessions of Oyer and Terminer. I have generally omitted these precepts and panels in compiling the present work, considering them only remotely connected with our subject--except in the case of the Martyrs, whose grand and petty jury panels the reader will find set out in the text. (d) Coroners' inquisitions-post-mortem on prisoners.-Among the officers whose presence was required at each sessions was the City Coroner. In the precept he was instructed to bring with him his records, chief of which were certain inquisitions-post-mortem taken by him since the preceding sessions. We are here concerned only It

It

*

Such, presumably, is the m eaning of the note quilibet juratorum predictorum per se attachiatus est per ] ohannem Doe et Ricardum Roe on -all jury panels. The funct ions of the fictitious" John Doe" and " Richard Roe" in this connection are not clear. Possibly they represent the sureties or pledges for the jurors' attendance. It is certain that they served as "common bail" in some civil actions even in Coke's day (cf. Holdsworth, History of English Law, i, 220). Apparently procedure in criminal matters, in such formal things as securing the attendance of a jury, tended to have a similar admixture of fiction. , Cf. dates in endorsements of indictments, temp. James 1. ~ When special juries were required a special writ of venire (issued in the King's name) was sent out for each case. A recently constructed file of such writs and the panels pursuant thereto (A.D. 1666-1678) is preserved in the Guildhall archives.


INTRODUCTto:N

xxxiii

with inquests held in the gaol of N ewgate and other prisons of the metropolis, the records of which had to be produced in court in order officially to notify the Justices of the death of prisoners and of the necessary cessation of proceedings in their regard. It is a notable fact that the latest document of this kind preserved among the sessions records of Middlesex is dated 14 April, 44 Elizabeth (1602).* Since it is quite certain that the London sessions files of the reign of Charles the Second contain inquisitions relating not only to City prisoners but also to those of Middlesex, it is therefore probably safe to assume that all the extant inquisitions on City and Middlesex prisoners of the period 1605-1685 are to be found in the London files. Although the series is by no means entire for the early years, the completeness of the files after the year 1666 and the quantity of these documents that occur therein suggest that it probably is so from that date-a circumstance for which we should be thankful, since in this latter period a number of Catholics died in gaol, the victims of Titus Oates. These documents are all signed by the Coroner and are duplicate indentures, the counterparts (presumably the halves bearing the seals and signatures of the jurors) being kept by the Coroner himself. The particulars they contain normally comprise the place and date of the taking of the inquisition, the name of the deceased, the names of the jurorslf and their verdict regarding the date and cause of death. On the last point very little information is usually afforded us, the majority of the inquisitions containing merely the vague statement that the prisoner died a "natural death," "by God's visitation." However, the Jacobean inquisitions generally add a reference to "the pining siclmess,"-i.e., gaol fever, a form of typhus, often described also in those of the Protectorate period as "a violent malignant fever" -and sometimes even give the length of the illness which ended in death. The object of these formal documents was, of course, merely to assure the authorities that death had .occurred and to testify that it was not due to murder or suicide: they are naturally silent as to whether any particular severity of treatment hastened death. ~ The reason for the imprisonment of the persons concerned is

*, Cj.TheM.C.R ., vol. venue whence these jurors were drawn was always the Ward in i.

which the gaol was situated (l~arringdon Within) and the three adjacent Wards (Furringdon Without, Castlebaynard, and Aldersgate): ... " proborum ct legalium hominum eiusdem warde et aliarum trium wardarum eidem warde proxime adjacentium prout mos est et consuetudo in civitatc predicta" ... (Inquisition-post-mortem on Walter Grosvener alias Gravener; file of I I Jan., 1608/9). :t. There are signs that dUling the earlier part of the persecution set on foot b~ Tltus Oates Catholic prisoners were treated, whether actively or passively, Wlth an excessive severity. On comparing the entries on Newgate calendars (London and Middlesex) with the inquisitions-past-mortem on prisoners be~ween 15 January and 30 April, 1679, I find that out of the thirteen pnsoners who died during this period, six (probably seven) were Catholics, and this at a time when the latter numbered less than one-fifth of the total number of persons imprisoned. C


xxxiv

INTRODUCTION

rarely stated, and then for the most part only in general terms, as pro felom:a : pro suspicione alte prodicionis, etc., so that identification is frequently a matter of conjecture. Nevertheless, further research has proved beyond question that fifteen of the extant jnq"Q.isitions refer to Catholic prisoners. These have been set out in the text. In view of the general interest of this series of documents, and particularly of the fact that a number of them may relate to Catholics unknown to me, I have, moreover, given in the footnotes an analysis of every other inquisition-post-mortem occurring in the files throughout the period, except between the years 1660-1673, when the penal laws were not enforced. (e) Indictments.-The bills preferred to the grand jury were .drafted and engrossed in the office of the Clerk of the Peace at the instance, generally, of the Justice before whom the offenders were first charged, and were based on the information then given by witnesses. The names of these witnesses for the prosecution were almost invariably appended, either at the foot of the indictment formula or, as in the reign of James the First, on the back of the bill. In holding their inquiry upon these several written accusations, the grand jurors themselves heard what evidence was necessary for them to decide whether there appeared to be prima facie case for trial, in which case the foreman added the words Billa Vera (" True Bill ") to the document. Upon such as contained, in their opinion, no triable issue he inscribed the word Ignoramus (" We are ignorant" or "we ignore "). Both the true and ignored bills were then sent into the court at Guildhall or Justice Hall, where the persons whose bills had not been " found" were discharged and the others arraigned. When the sessions were over, both classes of parchments were filed with the other records of that sessional date. Ignored bills are not without their historical interest, but true bills or "indictments," properly so called, are naturally of great importance and significance. , Roughly, the number of indictments taken at each London sessions in our period averaged about thirty; less under James the

*

*

Ignored bills were usually also mutilated with the scissors or scored with the p en. , Since indictments in this period were written in Latin the question arises as to whether arraigned persons of no education could understand the purport of the accu 'ations against them. They had, in fact, every opportunity of doing so, for it was the custom for indictments to be read out in court in the vernacular, the original Latin being given only when appealed for. This is illustra~ed in the arraignment of the dissenting minister Thomas Rosewell OIl October 25th, 1684, for a seditious sermon. 'Rosewell found fault with his indictment and for some time refused to plead. In the course of an argument with the judges the following conversation occurred: Attorney General: "If you desire to hear the words read again to you, you shall." Justice Holloway: "Ay, with all our hearts." Rosewell: ' I thank you, Sir, and my good lords. I desire, if you please, to have it read in Latin." Justice Holloway: "Read it in Latin" [which was done]. (State Trials, X, col. 152.)


INTRODUCTION

xxxv

First, in later times more. Again speaking quite generally, fewer indictments were presented at the Sessions of Gaol Delivery than at the Sessions of the Peace. Almost every kind of crime is represented amongst them, theft and assault being the most common. Those which bear any relation to Catholicism or to the exercise of the Catholic Religion are comparatively rare, and generally form but a small proportion of the total number of indictment membranes on a file. The following analysis gives the nature and number of the indictments of this kind (excluding ignored bills) which I discovered in the files of the period 1605-1685: For recusancy 201 indictments. For refusing to take the oath of allegiance contained in the Statute 3 James I, cap. 4 .. .. 16 For priesthood 10 For" seditious" words. . 9 For being a "Papist" (during the .. 7 Interregnum only) .. For publishing "popish" or "scandalous" literature 5 " For reconciling to the See of Rome; for being so reconciled; for saying and hearing Mass; for complicity in the Oates Plot-one of each. Most of the above cases were heard at the Sessions of Gaol Delivery, except the treasons of priesthood and reconciliation (" seducing from the King's obedience,"), which, as I have already said, were tried, in the earlier years, by virtue of Commissions of Oyer and Terminer. Although recusancy, in the sense of neglecting to attend the services of the Anglican Church, was regarded merely as a "trespass and contempt," it was, by the statute 29 Eliz., cap. 6 (cj. p. xlii), triable under Commissions of General Gaol Delivery. Nevertheless, we find that between the years 1677 and 1681 this offence was dealt with at Sessions of the Peace. With regard to indictments for recusancy it should be noticed that many, if not. most, of them were directed, not against single individuals, but against a number of people. This characteristic, which they share with indictments for unlawful assembly (very rare under James the First), makes them exceptional, for as a rule offenders were indicted singly. The actual number of persons indicted for recusancy, therefore, greatly exceeds the number of the true bills for this offence, and where such compound indictments occur recusants often form the majority of the total number of persons indicted at those particular sessions.'

*

*"

Transgressio et contemptus ": cJ. doc. 2, p. lOr. "Trespass" was a term applied to any infringement of the law less than treason, felony, or misprision of either. "Contempt" is here used in the general sense of a misdemeanour-in not doing what is commanded . â&#x20AC;˘'JC The following analysis shows where this is the case. The reader will bear in mind, however, that re-strung and broken files are not certainly complete:-


NTR

Files

Indictments for recusancy

U

N

Persons

April, 1606: 28 against 39. Re-strung; contains 27 other indicts. July, 1606: 26 55¡ 23 Feb., 1604/5: 6 10. Broken; I Dec., 1608: 12 99¡ 56 " Feb., 1608/9: 3 3." I May, 1610: 3 82. Re-strung; 14 " Dec., 1610: 6 54¡ 45 " Mar., 1610/II: 2 21. Intact; 19 " Aug., 1613: 23 . " 16 " April, 1615: I 19. Re-strung; 15 Jan., 1616/17: 2 67. Broken; 51 " Dec., 1673: 38 128. Intact; 26 Jan., 1673/4: II 53. 15 All the above indictments for recusancy were taken at G.D. Sessions, but since I have been unable to distinguish, in Jacobean files, the G.D. from the S.P. indictments, I have based my calculation-in all but the last two instances of the above analysis-on the total number of indictments on the file (G.D. and S.P.); in the last two, on the number contained in the G.D. section alone. It is probable that no such interpretation should be put upon the common, but not invariable, practice of describing married women as spinster ... alias uxor. .. This appears to be a survival from an earlier age (i.e., prior to the time of Chief Justice Coke), when the title" spinster" implied the status of gentility, and was retained by the woman after her marriage. Whether the word continues to bear this meaning throughout the present records or had become a mere formality I am unable to say. No single instance of the addition generosa has come to my notice. , An example of this is to be seen in the endorsement' of the ignored bill against the Earl of Shaftesbury: cj. p. 348, note. JJ

JJ

JI

JI

*

"


J

TR

xxxvii

"TJON

(ii) Clerical minutes or annotations on indictments.- Being, in most cases, the only existing records of what happened in curt upon the arraignment of the indicted persons, these notes are of considerable importance, but their contracted fonn and lack of punctuation provide the student with many problems which can be solved only by special study. Fortunately, this has already been done by Jeaffreson in his prefaces to Middlesex County Records. All I need do is briefly to recapitulate his conclusions in so far as they are applicable to the present records, and to add some further remarks on such points as are peculiar to the London minutes. The main difficulty lies in the interpretation of certain formal phrases which continually recur; for instance, po se ve' fa' cul' ca' null'. Expanded, this runs ponit se, venire facias, culpabilis, catalla nulla, and means He puts himself [' not guilty' upon a jury of the country or neighbourhood] *; [the writ] venire facias [is issued to summon a jury]; [he is found by the jury] guilty; [he has] no chattels [for forfeiture to the Crown]." If The words ve' fa' , however, are an addition to the usual formula and do not appear in Middlesex minutes. They are to be found only occasionally in those of London; . never after the year I639. The interpretation of ve' fa' given above may be inferred from the analogous manner in which scribes of the period abbreviated the names of other writse.g., ft' fa' (fieri facias) and sci' fa' (scire facias)-and also from the fact that this interpretation preserves and illustrates the logical sequence of judicial proceedings, viz., the accused first signifies his willingness to be tried by a jury; then the writ (at that time the necessary process for summoning a jury) is issued: finally, the jury give the verdict, guilty" or not guilty." The phrase po se Vt' fa' C~tl', etc. (or non cul'), is in fact a precis of the fonnal wording of the incidents of arraignment as described in the lengthy pleas" and " records of proceedings." This may be seen, for instance, in the plea of John Bully (P.309 in text), wherein occur the words: It

It

It

It

~ The legal meaning of patria, in the phrase ponit se super patriam, was .. a Jury of the neighbourhood": cf. Jacob, Law Dictionary, S.v. " patria." 'l4 M.C.R., II, pp. xxviii seq. The actual seizure of chattels would have ~een done by the Sheriffs. Presumably this is the meaning of J eaffreson's mterpretation of ca' null'.


xxxviii

INTRODUCTION

Et in de de bono & malo posuit se super patriam ... Et superinde precept urn fuit predicto vicecomiti quod venire faceret imediate coram Justiciariis predict is duodecim etc . . . & Juratores tunc dixerunt super sacramentum suum quod predict us Johannes Bullen alias Edwards non fuit culpabilis . . ." When an offender pleaded "guilty," the minute was merely cogn' indict' (cognovit indictamentum = " He confessed the indictment ") followed by the judgment or sentence. In the annotations to indictments for treason and capital felony upon which the jury gave a verdict of " not guilty," there invariably occurs, after the words non cul', the further phrase, nec se r' [nec se retraxit = " nor did he withdraw himself (in flight for the felony)"].' Jeaffreson discusses this point at great length. :I: In ancient criminal law, if a person found not guilty of an indictment for a capital offence could be shown, nevertheless, to have fled originally from those who wished to put him on trial (even innocent persons shrink from appearing in court), he was declared to have forfeited by that act all his goods and chattels to the King. This question concerning flight was always put to the jurors after they had returned their verdict of "not guilty." I do not, however, remember seeing a single case of " non cur sed se retraxit" in the City records. The London jurors, when asked whether the prisoner had made flight, appear invariably to have replied in the negative. The judges were finally released from the duty of asking this question by 7 and 8 Geo. IV, c. 28, ยง 5. There are two facts which must be borne in mind by those who would interpret these annotations correctly: first, that unless preceded by a date they always refer to proceedings at the current sessions; secondly, that where a date occurs (the style of dating employed is, after the reign of James the First, usually mayoral) the date invariably refers to what follows in the minute. Thus the It

*

*

During the Protectorate the minuting clerks of London anglicised ve' fa' as " a jury" [is summoned]. Under Charles II the same idea is conveyed by the Latin Jurata, which frequently appears in annotations of that reign. ifC Cf. John Bully's plea (p. 3II): . . . "nec unquam ea occasione se retraxit." An example of the English rendering of these words adopted by legal scribes of the Interregnum is to be seen in the minute added to the indictment of Bartholomew Browne for priesthood, viz ., "pu se not guilty nor fled acqted " (p. II4 in text). "Pu se," incidentally, is a shortened form of " putteth self." :I: M.C.R., IV, p. lxxiii-lxxix. On the above subjects no evidence has come to my notice among the London records which would warrant any dispute with Jeafi'reson's conclusions, but although entirely removed from our subject it is worth remarking here that Ursula Powell, to whose case he devotes some attention (op. cit., III, p. xxii; and IV, p. lxxiii), was not, as he supposed, actually hanged, but at the sessions of Dec., 1654, pleaded a royal pardon on condition of transportation (London calendar of N ewgate prisoners of that date). This would seem to prove that the marginal" S " so frequently occurring in the Middlesex Gaol Delivery Register signifies not " suspensus" but" suspendatur." Cf. Maitland, Select Pleas of the Crown (Selden Soc.), Introd., p. xxv.


INTRODUCTION

xxxix

minute p'lt se 13 . 2 . a Jury not Guilty discharged, which appears on the indictment of Thomas Mabb in the file for the sessions of October, 1658 (p. 147 in text), signifies that Mabb pleaded" not guilty" at the same sessions of October, but that a jury was not summoned until 13 December (the next sessions), when he was tried and acquitted. A glance at these dates will show that minutes or parts of minutes were often added a considerable time after the indictments were presented. When a lengthy judgment had to be recorded it was the habit of the clerks of the period to write the minute in whatever space remained at the top or bottom of the document, or even on the dorse; otherwise, the usual practice was to begin it immediately above the first occurrence of the name of the indicted person. In indictments containing the names of two or more offenders these annotations were therefore generally interlined within the text. At the risk, maybe, of some confusion, I have preserved them in their original position in the ensuing transcripts, where, to distinguish them from the rest of the text, they are reproduced in italics. (iii) Certiorari.- Several of the indictments in the present book will be found to exhibit an additional memprandum concerning the removal of the case into the Court of King's Bench by the writ certiorar1: (IC to be more fully informed "). This writ issued out of King's Bench (in criminal cases), and was addressed in the King's name to the judges or officers of inferior courts, commanding them to certify or to return the records of a cause depending (or already tried) before them, in order that it might be considered and determined (or re-determined) by such Justices of the higher court as should be assigned for that purpose. It could be issued for various reasons-most frequently upon complaint that the party seeking the writ had received hard usage or was not likely to receive an impartial trial in the court below. A defendant, however, could obtain the writ only by the permission of the latter court and upon his entering into recognizances, and it was granted where matters of law alone were in question. Where a wrongful judgment of an inferior court was challenged on the ground of defect or error in pleading or process, the appropriate remedy was by writ of enor. Certiorari was rarely allowed after a formal trial and verdict given in the lower court: of this only two instances occur in the present records, namely, the cases of Oswald Needham and others (p. 31), and of Sir Henry James (pp. 69 and 82). On the other hand the reader will find that it was not uncommon for persons convicted (by default) of recusancy to obtain the writexcept in the last three years of the Protectorate, when this privilege was expressly denied them by the " Act for convicting, discovering and repressing of Popish Recusants" of 26 June, 1657. The memoranda never state the cause or motive for such removals. Information on this point and as to the outcome of these inquiries at Westminster must be sought for in the Controlment Rolls of the King's Bench at the Public Record Office, among the records of the


xl

INTRODUCTION

term immediately following the date given in the memorandum for the return of the writ or the certifying of the indictment. (iv) Indictments for priesthood.-Based on the (( Act against Jesuits, Seminary Priests and other such-like disobedient persons" (statute 27 Eliz., c. 2), the formula of these interesting indictments varies with the different clerks who in different periods were responsible for the drafting of them, and is generally as involved as the wording of the statute itself. Indeed, by reason of the lack of punctuation, the sense of some of the Latin formulas for this crime appears at first sight quite unintelligible. Here, however, the vernacular indictments of the time of the Interregnum afford us a valuable guide to interpretation (vide the bills against Edward Tressam and Bartholomew Browne, pp. 109 and 114). We fmd in all these indictments for priesthood that four facts had to be proved to obtain a conviction, viz., that the defendant was born in England or in the Dominions then possessed by England; that he was ordained by authority of the See of Rome; that this ordination took place after the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 1559; that after such ordination he stayed in England. When the above points were established the case was complete. The question as to whether he meddled in matters intrinsically treasonable did not arise: the phrase ut falsus proditor has no significance beyond describing the general nature of the crime. The judgment of a traitor's death, which the reader will find added to a number of these indictments in the following pages, was actually carried out in the case of no fewer than one hundred and forty persons in England between the years 1585 and 1679. Of these, fifty-seven (including Robert Drury, Richard Newport, Thomas Maxfield, Francis Latham, and William Scott alias Crayford-see text) were executed at Tyburn or in other parts of London.' Two other features of these documents call for remark. First, the given date and place of the offence are almost always also the actual date and place of the priest's arrest. An examination of the entries of their commitment on the Newgate calendars proves how frequently this is the case. Nevertheless, it is not an invariable rule. Occasionally a date is given in an indictment which further research shows to have been prior to the arrest. Secondly, the reader must be warned with regard to what is sometimes given

*

*

The law terms in our period were as follows: Easter Term: (till 1830) from Wednesday fortnight after Easter till Monday after Ascension. Trinity Term: (till 1830) from Friday after Trinity till Wednesday fortnight following. Michaelmas Term: (a) (till 1641) from 9 October (10th, if Oct. 9th was a Sunday) till 28 or 29 November. (b) (1641-1751) from 23 or 24 October till 28 or 29 November. Hilary Term: (till 1830) from 23 or 24 January till 12 or 13 February. , Probably the majority of these were apprehended in Middlesex, outside the jurisdiction of the City (see the large number of extant indictments for priesthood in M.C.R.). Some were tried at the Court of King's Bench.


INTRODUCTION

xli

as the birth-place of the indicted person. For obvious reasons the majority of these priests concealed as much of their personal history as they could, and where information on this point was not forthcoming, the draughtsman of the bill occasionally substituted the name of the parish in which the, offender was arrested (cj. Robert Drury's indictment, p. 24). After the reign of James the First it was often considered sufficient to describe priests as nuper de London. (v) Indictments for refusing the oath of allegiance.-Certain difficulties connected with the interpretation of these indictments will be removed by an examination of the statute 3 James I, cap. 4, §§ XIII-XV, which authorized them. This" Act for the better discovering and repressing of Popish Recusants " required that the new oath (which is therein set forth) should be tendered out of sessions by Bishops or two Justices of the Peace to all recusants and other suspected persons above the age of eighteen years; that those who refused it should be committed to the common gaol without bail until the next Session¡s of Gaol Delivery, when the oath should again be tendered to them in open court; and that if they refused the oath on this second occasion they should incur the penalty of premunire, implying loss of the King's protection, forfeiture of all lands and goods, and llnprisonment during the royal pleasure. The penalty, however, could be inflicted only by due course of law, i .e., after indictment and conviction, and since the grand jury inquiry always preceded the work of the sessions the recusant had to be indicted for refusing to take the oath in court before this second refusal actually occurred-a curious proceeding, which explains apparent errors in the dates given in some of the indictments (e.g., the llldictment of Henry Maylard and Richard Kirkam, p. 64). Although the statute expressly requires that persons committed upon their first refusal of the oath should be proceeded against in the way above described at the sessions next following the date of their refusal, there is abundant evidence in these records that in many instances this direction was not complied with in the reign of James the First, but that they were kept in gaol for long periods unindicted and unconvicted. Proof for this is to be found in the three lists of Catholic prisoners set out in the text (pp. 67, 73, and 86). The third division in these lists, entitled" Recusant Papists," refers, as may be seen by reference to Middlesex County Records, to persons committed for their first refusal of the oath. Upon indictment and conviction for a second refusal in open sessions their names were transferred from the third to the second division, entitled" Convicted for refusing the oath of allegiance" (cf. the cases of Maylard and Kirkam in the first list). ~ The reader will notice the number of persons whose names remain in the third

*

*, II,Further p. study proves, incidentally, that the names of several priests 216.

are here included among those convicted for refusing the oath, hood was apparently unsuspected.

Their priest-


xlii

INTRODUCTION

division throughout the three lists. In the case of London prisoners this offence was regularly described in the Newgate calendars (temp. James the First) as " pro Causa Romana." Another fact which deserves comment is that although this oath was designed with particular reference to Catholics, some Protestant Dissenters in the reign of Charles the Second were likewise prosecuted for refusing it (cf. pp. 366 seq.). The case of the Quakers is remarked upon on pages 154 and ISS. (vi) Indictments for recusancy.-Similarly, the indictments for not attending the Anglican service are found to include both Catholic and non-Catholic Dissenters. Thus William Atterbury, described elsewhere as an " obstinate Brownist," was indicted in Middlesex under the statute of recusancy at the sessions of May, 1619. ift Among the present records there is an indictment for recusancy dated January, 1684/5 (cf. p. 373), against \Villiam Kiffm, who is almost certainly to be identified with a prominent London Anabaptist. No distinction appears to have been made with regard to the particular religious opinions of the offender. It is even possible that in some cases sheer laxity was the cause of nonattendance at · church and of subsequent prosecution. The exact proportion of Catholics among these indicted recusants can therefore be gauged only by further genealogical research, and to this the obscurity of so many of the offenders presents an almost insuperable difficulty. Nevertheless, since the" Act to retain the Queen's Majesty's subjects in their due obedience" (statute 23 Eliz., cap. I), which originated these indictments, was aimed primarily at Catholics,:t there can be little doubt that most of the persons so prosecuted were firm adherents of the ancient Faith. Bearing in mind, moreover, the history of the development of Protestant Dissent, we may go so far as to say that of the recusants who appear in the reign of James the First the vast majority were Catholics. § The procedure in prosecutions for recusancy is outlined in the " records of proceedings" which were drafted in certain cases (e.g., the case of William Roper, p. 164), and was pursuant to the statute 29 Eliz., cap. 6, § 5, which enacts "that upon the indictment of such offender a proclamation shall be made at the same Assizes or Gaol Delivery in which the indictment shall be taken . . . by which it shall be commanded that the body of such offender shall be rendered to the Sheriff of the same County before the next Assizes or General Gaol Delivery to be held in the same County. And if at the said next Assizes or Gaol Delivery the same offender

*

* Cj. Calendar for the sessions of January, 1615/16: pp. 90, 91. ~

lVI.C.R., II, pp. 146 and 235.

:t There was a special statute against Protestant Dissenters, viz., 35 Eliz., cap. 1. In the reign of Charles the Second they were prosecuted in great numbers under the two Conventicle Acts of 1664 and 1670-particularly the latter. § This conclusion is reached also by J eaffreson with regard to the Middlesex records. lvI.C.R., II, p. xli,


INTRODUCTION

xliii

so proclaimed shall not make appearance of record, that then, upon such default recorded, the same shall be as sufficient a conviction in law of the said offence whereof the party so stands indicted as is aforesaid, as if upon the said indictment a trial by verdict thereupon had proceeded and been recorded." This explains the annotation Proclamatus fuit secundum formam statuti (" He was proclaimed according to the form of the statute "), which in one form or another is to be found on all indictments for reFrom 1673 it was the custom of legal scribes to add cusancy. Defaltam fecit, Ideo &c. (" He made default, therefore [he incurred the penalty] ") in cases where the summons contained in the proclamation was disregarded, but it is safe to say that the absence of such further words signifies the same thing-default of appearance and consequent incurring of the penalty of the statute. When a recusant did obey the summons and appear at the sessions to " traverse" or plead" not guilty" to his indictment, submitting himself to a trial by jury, the clerk invariably noted the fact on the indictment. It will be seen that instances of this were very rare in London. Practically all recusants ignored the summons and, thus tacitly indicating their guilt, were convicted" by default." The penalty upon conviction was a forfeiture to the Exchequer of £20 for every month during which the offender absented himself from the services of the Anglican Church, in default of which payment all his goods and two-thirds of his lands were seizable by the Crown.' It is necessary to observe, however, that the mere fact of indictment and conviction is, of itself, no proof that these payments were actually made or that the property was actually seized, but only that the offenders had become debtors to the Crown and liable to such penalties. On the highly interesting and important question of the payment or exaction of recusancy dues the present records are silent. It was the business of the Court of Exchequer to attend to this. Consequently, after an estreat or precis of such of these convictions as suited the Crown Officers had been sent by the Clerk of the Peace into the Exchequer, ~ the work of the local court was complete. The student who seeks information as to the final outcome of any of these recusant cases must examine the E xchequer records at the Public Record Office,

*

*

Proclamation of recusants was made in court by the Cryer. CJ. The Office oj the Clerk oj A ssize : togethe1' with the Office oj the Clerk oj the P eace (2nd Ed., London, 1682: author anonymous), p. 69. ~ Statute 29 Eliz., c. 6. By 3 James I , c. 4, § XI, it was further enacted t h.at the Crown was empowered, after 29 September, 1606, to refuse the forfeIture of £20 per mensem, and in lieu thereof to seize two-thirds of the goods and lands, leaving to the recusant his chief" mansion-house" as part of his t hird part. A note stating that an estreat had been made and delivered is occaSIonally to be found on indictments; e.g., those of Thomas Bagshawe (p. 58) ~n~ Francis Holt (p. 61). Such noLs were superfluous and are by no means mdicative of the actual number of convictions estreated. The Recusant Rolls ~hemselves and the" Estreats of Fines' Books "-so far as the latter go (see mJra)-afford ample evidence that this duty was performed in the m ajority of cases. .

.=


xliv

INTRODUCTION

particularly the Recusant Rolls wherein the above estreats were enrolled with marginal notes briefly describing subsequent proThe annual Pells Books of Receipts give particulars ceedings. of those recusants (reduced to a mere handful under James the First) who regularly paid their fines twice a year into the Exchequer. In the case of the thousands who did not, it is clear from the statute of 29 Eliz. already referred to, that a further process had to issue out of the Exchequer before their property could be seized, but how far this was carried out in practice is at present unknown. The history of the Exchequer procedure with regard to recusancy calls urgently for further research. vVe should realize, moreover, that the liabilities of a person once convicted of, say, a month's recusancy, did not end with the payment of twenty pounds due upon that occasion. By the above statute of 29 Elizabeth his first indictment and conviction necessitated his paying into the Exchequer, in addition to the sum forfeited by that indictment and without any other conviction, a further sum of twenty pounds for every month thereafter, so long as he forbore to attend the Protestant services; and if default were made" in any part of any payment" the full sequestration described above ensued. However, although a single estreated conviction could thus cost the determined recusant either £240 per annum or the loss of all his goods and of two-thirds of his lands, it is clear that the above enactment was not intended for the consideration of the local authorities, who, as the present records show, would repeatedly and at short intervals convict the same person for this offence. The business of the sorting out of such estreats as appertained to persons previously convicted and therefore already liable to the penalty evidently lay with the Exchequer. Whether or to what extent recusants were penalized afresh upon successive convictions is again a question which can be settled only by a careful study of the Exchequer records. In any case it is easy to see how completely the fortunes of such persons were at the mercy of the Government. A noteworthy fact to which the present records ,t estify is that the Catholic gentry of the provinces resorted in considerable numbers to London' -chiefly to the outlying parishes of St. Andrew Holbonl, St. Dunstan in the West, and St. Anne Blackfriars-notwithstanding that they were prohibited, under pain of the forfeiture of £100, from dwelling or remaining within ten miles of the City's boundaries. This law ,came into force in 1606 by the statute 3 James I, c. 4, § III, as a result of the Gunpowder Plot, but there is no evidence in the extant sessions records either of London or of Middlesex that these recusants were prosecuted for its infringement. Presumably they had all procured the necessary " licence." I may add here that the indictments of Thomas Pemble, Thomas

*

*

Cf. vol. xviii of this Society's publications and the admirable Introduction by its editor, Miss M. M. C. Calthrop. , In a few of the Jacobean indictments both town and country addresses are given. Vide pp. 38 seq.


INTRODUCTION

xlv

Rickles, William Kiffin, and Charles Bateman (pp. 372 and 373) are the last indictments for recusancy ever presented in London. James the Second put a stop to prosecutions of this kind, and under ':Villiam and Mary new methods of taxation were devised. Consequently the present volume rounds off a definite epoch in the history of the persecution of Catholics. The recusancy of Ben Jonson and other men of letters. Among the more notable documents in the present book there occurs on page 6 (doc. (2) ) an indictment of wide interest. The eighth entry on this indictment-which charges twenty persons with recusancy during the three months following 5 October, r605-runs, in English, as follows: "Benjamin Johnson, late of the aforesaid parish of St. Anne within the precinct of the late Friars Preachers, long since dissolved, commonly called the Blackfriars, London, gentleman."* From what has already been said it will be seen that he and all the other persons therein named (except Edward 'iVilton) were convicted for this offence by reason of their failure to "deliver their bodies to the Sheriffs" in accordance with the proclamation. On the same bill appear two other names of no little renown in the realm of letters, Thomas Lodge (then practising medicine in London) and Edmund Bolton (Boulton). In an attempt to trace the further results of these particular convictions I examined the Recusant Rolls at the Public Record Office for the third year of the reign of James the First and two or three years afterwards. I found, however, that no estreat of this indictment had been enrolled. It would appear certain therefore that all escaped the penalty on the present occasion-possibly owing to the protection which Jonson and his fellow authors enjoyed at Court. The reader will find one or two other references to Lodge and Boulton. Hugh Holland, the poet, also occurs in a number of instances; another poet, John BeaumonP~ (Beamonte), once (p. I4). Anthony Munday, a man of similar fame for literary achievement, but of far different predilections, appears twice in his characteristic role of informer and prosecuting witness against recusants. (vii) Indictments for being Papists."-During the Interregnum, whereas the old indictment for priesthood continued to be presented, that for neglecting to attend the Anglican services naturally became obsolete. By no means, however, does this imply that Catholic layfolk enjoyed a respite from persecution. Recusants previously ~onvicted were required to pay their forfeitures as before, or send mto the Exchequer the rents of such sequestrated lands as they had compounded for. ~ In addition to this, the Long Parliament in I

lC

.*

.Ben Jonson, the dramatist, became a Catholic some time after 1598 whIle Imprisoned in Newgate on a charge of murder. He abjured the Faith twelve years later. Cf. D.N.B. , Cf. C.R.S. ill, 305. = Cavalier; Letters of William Blundell to his Friends, 1620-1698: edited by Margaret Blundell, p. 4 1 â&#x20AC;˘


xlvi

INTRODUCTION

April, r643, devised a new cc oath of abjuration," by which all the distinguishing tenets of the Faith were specifically renounced. Anyone suspected of " Popery" might be offered this oath without the slow process of presentation and conviction in a court of sessions, and, upon a certificate of the refusal thereof signed by two Justices of the Peace, was liable to suffer the sequestration of twothirds of his estate, real and personal. From 1643 to 1660 the tern1 cc recusant" was thus applied in law to those who refused to take the oath of abjuration. In 1656 Cromwell's second Parliament prescribed certain principles whereby the tendering of the oath of abjuration (to which several additions were now made) and subsequent prosecution for its refusal were to be regulated. Embodied in the" Act for convicting, discovering and repressing of Popish Recusants,'" these measures became law on 26 June, 1657. This Act instituted two methods of prosecuting such persons as were" suspected or reputed to be Papists or Popishly affected," either of which was declared to be legally sufficient. One course was by indictment, of which several examples will be found in the following pages, briefly designated as "indictments for being' Papists'" (p. 115 et seq.). Proclamation was to follow indictment as in prosecutions for recusancy, the indicted person being summoned by that proclamation to appear at the next Sessions of Gaol Delivery -or Quarter Sessions of the Peace to take the oath of abjuration set forth in the text of the Act.:r: The second method was that once in every Quarter, not later than twenty-eight days before the Quarter Sessions, Justices of the Peace should issue warrants to the Constables and Churchwardens, requiring them to present upon oath fourteen days before the said sessions the names and addresses of all suspected "Papists" dwelling within their several parishes. Three contemporary lists constructed from these returns of the Constables and Churchwardens will be found in the present book, pp. Ilg, 130, and 149. The Justices of the Peace were thereupon to issue further warrants to the above-mentioned officials to summon the persons so presented to appear at that same sessions, then and there severally to take the oath. If they failed to appear, proclamation was to be made that they should do so at the next Quarter Sessions. Whether the method of prosecution was by indictment or by presentment, neglect of appearance in compliance with the proclamation was, upon record being made of the default, tantamount to conviction. § The penalty was the same as has been already described-the sequestration, by process out of the Exchequer, of two-thirds of all property, real and personal. Since this Act was expressly concerned with" Papists," there

*

*

Christian Moderator, or Persectttion for Religion: London, 1652: quoted by Lingard (18~9), xi, 179. , Cj. Firth and Rait: Acts and Ordinances of tlte Interregnum, 1642-1660. The form of the oath may be seen in document (4), p. 141. § Cf· " Records of Proceedings": docs. (2), p. II5, and (2), p. 123 in text.

=


xlvii

INTRODUCTION

is every reason to suppose that the persons indicted or presented under its articles, and here recorded as having failed to subscribe the oath,-were actually Catholics. However, the occurrence of the name of William Lewis, the former chaplain to Charles the First, in one of the lists (p. 131), shows the possibility that one or two Royalist Anglicans may be found, at any rate among those who abjured. It would appear that Doctor Francis Prujean, treasurer and ex-president of the Royal College of Physicians, was likewise not a Catholic. V"ere it not for the absence of the last two files of the Protectorate, we could claim that we have here a complete set of recorded prosecutions in London under the Act of 1657. Curiously enough, Middlesex County Records (vol. III) contains no reference whatever to similar prosecutions in the metropolitan county. (f) Incidental writings.-In addition to the various types of documents dealt with in the foregoing sections, there will be fOllld in the present collection a few examples of other writings occasionally to be met with in the files, namely, warrants, lists of prisoners, records of commissions, records of abjuration, lists of "reputed papists," pleas and records of proceedings. Comment on these (where comment seemed needful) has been made in the footnotes and elsewhere in this introduction. On the last three classes of documents, however, some further observations may be added here. It would be rash to assume that the lists of reputed papists, given on pages 119, 130, and 149 seq., are equivalent to a complete census of the Catholics then residing in London. Many parishes are omitted, and since the original returns have not survived we have no means of ascertaining whether in every case returns were actually sent in. Moreover, we know nothing of the thoroughness of the search instituted by the constables and churchwardens. Owing to the subterfuges to which Catholics of the period were driven, there can be little doubt that many succeeded in escaping detection. Records of proceedings (these documents were called recorda in contemporary legal language) are rarely encountered in the files before the year 1613, and appear to have been drawn up for special cases only. They vary with the different proceedings they describe, and in some instances are of great value to students of the present subject as showing the procedure in prosecutions relating to religion. ~ For the most part they are elaborate to the degree of tediousness. \Vhen the clerk was required " to make up the record" of a criminal trial, for instance, he always gave a ~ormal. and detailed account of the sessions, commission, grand ~ury, mdictment, arraignment, plea, petty jury, verdict, and Judgment. Such matters are indeed of importance, but it is ~xasper~ting to :find that despite all this verbiage the two most l!~tere~tmg items of any trial, namely, the evidence and the judge's dIrectlOn, are regularly omitted. Incidentally, it is of interest to

*

*

* C/. D.N.B. , c/.

in particular, the Records given on pp. lI5, 123, 138, 164, 165.


xlviii

INTRODUCTION

note that in the two Records of this kind given in the present book -both in cases of treason (pp. 249 and 325)-the wording of the judgment is fuller than that given on the original indictments. Since these Records form the authoritative statements of proceedings in the cases for which they were drafted, it would seem certain that the annotators of indictments for treason invariably abridged the actual sentence. I have remarked on this point on page 252. Other" recorda" in this collection give particulars of stay of proceedings (pp. 158 and 196): others, again, describe the award of various kinds of pleas, for instance, "pleas to the writ," as "death of party" (p. 161), "misnomer" (p. 174), and special pleas, as "pardon" (pp. 83, 96, and 326). Records of pleadings, however, were apparently never made unless the plea was allowed. The last-mentioned documents are frequently very similar in wording to actual pleas, but may be distinguished from them chiefly by their conclusion, which always gives the final decree of the court allowing the plea. Only four examples of formal pleas occur (c/. pp. 96, 101, 146, and 309). For further information on this i.ntricate subject I must refer the reader to the law books already quoted.

*

B. Sessions Books.-These form a series of folio volumes, for the most part in limp parchment covers, extending from August, 1662, to October, 1730. Up to May, 1666, they are defective, the records of some fifteen sessions being omitted, but after that date they provide us with a complete calendar of every sessions held at the Guildhall and the Old Bailey. From the fact that an odd volume of the year 1613 exists (containing no explicit references to our subject) we may assume that the series was once far more extensive, and that a vast number of earlier volumes have been lost. Designed as a register or index of the proceedings in the various cases that appeared before the London criminal courts, these " court minute books" ·were originally intended merely for the use of the Clerk of the Peace and his subordinates, and are consequently of a severely technical and concise character; but when, upon a little study, the general scheme of the work and the principles on which the entries were made are understood (the volumes themselves give no description or explanation whatever of their contents), they prove to be of great value in supplementing the evidence of the files. The latter, for instance, provide us with no information in the case of an unindicted person under bond to appear at a sessions, beyond the fact, tersely recorded on his recognizance, that he appeared or defaulted. It is to the Sessions Books alone that we must look for a record (provided he did actually appear) of the later proceedings in his regard. Further-

*

The regular form of the judgment of a man attainted of high treason" is given on p. 64 of The Office of the Clerk of Assize . .. (already referred to). It includes the words and his entrals [sic] and Privy Members shall be cut from his Body . . . . ." It

It

•••••


xlix

INTRODUCTION

more, they contain occasional orders of the court, parish assessments for the relief of the poor, presentments and addresses by grand juries, and ot~er memoranda likewise unrecorded elsewhere .. Since consIderable use has been made of these sources III the compilation of the present work, some explanation must here be given of the method employed by the original registrars. At the beginning of every Sessions of the Peace, the clerk, having received the recognizances taken before the Justices of the Peace since the previous sessions, first inscribed at the .he~d of a new pa~e in the Sessions Book the style, date, and commlSSlOners of the seSSlOns then about to commence-to which he added later the dates of the adjournments. Beneath this title he then proceeded to make brief entries of the name and address of every person thus bound under recognizances to appear at that sessions, leaving a space of about an inch between each entry, and adding under each name, a little to the left, the note ans' or pros' or pros' tr' to indicate in a general way the purpose for which appearance was requiredwhether to answer a charge, to prosecute someone else, or to prosecute a traverse upon (i.e., plead not guilty" to) an indictment. In the second case, if the person to be prosecuted was in prison, the prisoner's name was added immediately opposite in the left-hand margin. In the right-hand margin the nature of each case was generally, though not invariably, referred to by such G.B." (Good Behaviour), tc pro insult'," notes as "Papist," " pro verbis," etc. The space above each entry was utilized, sometimes by another clerk, for the later insertion of a minute recording the due appearance (or default) of the person in question and the further proceedings concerning him at the current sessionswhether discharge or re-delivery to bail. A second section, appertaining to the same sessions, was begun on a new page with a similar but shorter title, and was devoted to such cases as were determined by the court during the course of the sessions. The latter entries comprised merely the name of the indicted person and a brief description of the offence, a space again being left above each entry for a later annotation recording the arraignment and judgment in each case-an annotation which was generally a precise copy of the minute on the original indictment. Between these two sections was inserted a third, without title of any kind, the purpose of which is not wholly clear. There can be little doubt that it contains entries of the appearance and delivery to bail of persons not already under bond to appear' but summoned by proclamation or writ or brought to the court in custody. Nevertheless, except in the case of proclaimed recusants (e.g., pp. 180 seq.), the reason for

*

H

H

* This note will be found in the more expanded form ad proseque1'ld' on page 159. My English rendering of it, " to prosecute a traverse,"

~flavers'

taken from an entry in the London Newgate Calendar of December, 165I. , I noticed only one exception to this. Stonar Crouch was bailed on 12 May, 1679 (p. 242), to appear at the sessions of the ensuing June. The record of his appearance is duly entered in the first section of the Sessions Book (p. 254), but his re-delivery to bail is recorded in this third section (p. 255)-probably owing to lack of space in the earlier entry.

IS

d


1

INTRODUCTION

whose appearance we can trace to the summons in their proclamation, and in the case of Newgate prisoners (e.g., p. 264), whom the Sheriffs were ordered to produce by the precepts of venire. it ¡ is impossible to say whether the persons named in this section were cited to the court by a writ of summons or were conducted thither under a warrant of arrest. Since bail was allowed upon appearance in every instance, it would indeed seem probable that the former was the process employed. Where such doubtful cases occur in this book, I have used the non-committal heading "Ap_ peared and bailed in court." His work for one sessions being now complete, the registrar later began, on the next page, a series of similar memoranda relating to the business of the Sessions of Gaol Delivery opening at the Old Bailey a few days after the above Sessions of the Peace, adding at the end a record of any trials that were held under Commissions of Oyer and Terminer. And so on through the book. Each London sessions was dealt with in chronological order in three divisions as already described. The mayoral system of dating was used in all entries. When a volume was full, the dates of the various sessions referred to within (generally about twenty in number) were inscribed on the cover. I n the matter of recusancy the Sessions Books are not very informative, for they contain records only of persons who actually attended the court. The fact that no initial recognizances were required in such cases, and the peculiar statutory procedure whereby a recusant might lawfully be indicted and convicted in his absencethe case against him being complete, without trial, upon his failure to make the requisite appearance in court-explain the silence of the Sessions Books with regard to those recusants who neglected t he summons. It was therefore only when a recusant personally appeared in order to plead against his indictment (a rare occurrence) that any allusion to these prosecutions is to be found. If, as usually happened, his trial was then deferred and he, in the meantime, was allowed bail, his first appearance at the court and his¡ delivery to bail were noted in the third section referred to above. Thereafter the case may be followed in the first section of the register for each subsequent sessions, until the final issue of the trial-recorded in the second section under the appropriate date. An illustration of this will be found in the entries concerning John Mawson, Thomas Bentley, etc. (pp. 183 seq., in text), eight of whom were bound over from session to session for a year, and finally convicted in December, 1674. The outcome of the trials may indeed also be seen in the annotations to the several indictments of these persons on the files, but we are indebted to the Sessions Books alone for the interesting particulars relating to bail during that year. Some further remarks on the Sessions Books will be found in a later part of this Introduction (p. lviii). C. Sessions Papers.-By this general title is officially designated a very imperfect collection of records appertaining to certain extra-curial duties of London Justices of the Peace, particularly


INTRODUCTION

li

the original examinations, depositions, and informations attested in their presence, handed in by them to the Clerk of the Peace on the eve of the various sessions and, in cases wherein it was decided to prosecute, produced in court as evidence. They are now preserved in bundles; the earliest containing documents relating to the years 1652-1670, none of which, however, has any connection with our subject. The selection given in the present book all belong to the second bundle, the contents of which cover the years 16701689. It is clear that the extant papers form but a small fraction of the once existing documents of this class. Since they are the most circumstantial and the least formal of judicial records, it is a matter of lively regret that so many of the Sessions Papers have disappeared. D. Books of" Estreats of Fines, Amerciaments, and Recognizances forfeited and assessed."-It was the duty of the Sheriffs, acting under orders from the Exchequer, to levy all moI1ies due by forfeiture to the Crown: the responsibility of the Clerk of the Peace, as we have seen, was at an end upon his sending into the Exchequer a statement of such forfeitures incurred at the local sessions. In the books now under consideration are preserved the latter official's copies of these statements or estreats. Similar in appearance to the Sessions Books, these volumes are extant from October, 1659, and form a complete series-one volume to each year-until the middle of the eighteenth century. The entries are for the most part concerned with forfeitures incurred through failure to fulfil the conditions undertaken in recognizances, but the books also contain estreats of the forfeitures due upon conviction for recusancy during the reign of Charles the Second. As regards forfeited recognizances they prove that in every case where there was default of appearance the fact was duly notified to the Exchequer. The following example, dated June, 1674, is a typical estreat of the latter kind and relates to the case of Samuel Wright, the recusant Notary Public, who by his failure to appear at the Gaol Delivery Sessions of that date (cf. Sessions Book, p. 189) became the King's debtor in the sum of ÂŁrao and brought a liability of ÂŁ50 upon each of his two sureties:De Samuel' Wright de parochia sancti Bottolphi extral Bishoppsgate London Notario Publico quia non comparuit modo hic ad hunc diem cora' prefat' Justic'dicti Domini Regis ad respond' eis omnibus Cli' & singulis que versus eu' ex parte dicti DominiJ Regis objicerent ur & pros' tr' cu' effectu prout assumpsit pro seipso per quanda' recogn' per ipsum recogn' De Christofero Irons de paroch' sancti Dunstani} in orien' London Generos' un' pleg' pred' LIt' Samuel' pro consimili . De Willelmo Bigge de paroch' sande Marie} Newington in Com' Surr' Haberdasher al' LIi' pleg' pred' Samuel' pro consimili


Iii

INTRODUCTION

The estreats of forfeitures for recusancy are to be found at the end of two of the volumes, those due to convictions in the period 1675-1683 being noted in the volume for 1673-74, and the forfeitures of Thomas Pemble, Thomas Rickles, William Kiffin, and Charles Bateman (convicted at the sessions of June, 1685) in that for 1684-85. Every case of recusancy which, by the evidence of the original indictments, we know to have resulted in conviction in the reign of Charles the Second finds its place here, except those of Peter Farmer, Thomas Napper, and Ann Rixley, who were convicted together at the sessions of October, 1677 (cj. p. 200, note). Moreover, no estreats for recusancy are to be found in these books which are not accounted for among the annotated indictments on the files of this period. I have said elsewhere (p. xxii) that a number of the early files of Charles's reign are missing; nevertheless, the above facts, coupled with what we know from other sources concerning the comparative freedom from molestation which Catholics experienced during those same early years, make it fairly safe to claim that, despite these lacunae in the series of files, we have in the present volume of London Sessions Records" a complete set of the London indictments for recusancy under the second Charles, and that for the first thirteen years of his reign (1660~ 1673) there were no prosecutions in the City for that offence. This has been pointed out on p. 154, where attention is also drawn to another point established, this time quite definitely, by the Estreats of Fines Books, namely, that it was only after the Plot of Titus Oates that married women in London were liable to the usual forfeitures for recusancy in this reign. The proof for this lies in the fact that until January, 1679/80 (when the first recusancy cases after the Plot occur), the usual figures indicating the amount of the forfeitures are always omitted in the estreats of their convictions. An example will make this clear. The following is a copy of the estreats in the case of William Eaton and his wife, convicted in January, 1674/5:De Willelmo Eaton de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste in ward' de Cordweynor London pred' Shoemaker quia non accessit ad Ecclesia' sua' parochial' nec ad aliqua' al' Ecclesia' Capella' sive usual' locu' communis precacionis et Divini servicii nec ibidem remansit tempore communis precacionis et Divini servicn ad aliquod tempus infra spaciu' triu' mensiu' LXll' prox' sequen' quintu' diem Septembris Anno regni dicti domini Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. vicesimo quinto supradicto unde Indictat' et con-I vict' existit secundum forma' & tenorem Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' & provis' J De [blank] Eaton de ead' paroch' in ward' pred'} Spinster alias dicta [blank] Eaton uxore [blank] pred' Willelmi Eaton pro consimili

*

{t

*

William Blun'dell, of Crosby, Lanes., writing shortly after the passing of the Test Act, 1673 (at the end of which year we get the first extant London


lui

INTRODUCTION'

Even where the woman is convicted apart from her husband the amount of the debt is likewise not mentioned. The same omission is to be noticed in the entries of these London estreats in the Recusant Rolls of the corresponding years at the Public Record Office. Since the additional information afforded by the Estreats of Fines Books may thus be stated with comparative brevity, I have refrained from formally incorporating their contents in the text of the present book. E. The Repertories of the Court of Aldermen.-This magnificent set of municipal records in 298 volumes contains minutes of the proceedings of the Court of Aldermen from A.D. I495 to the present day. A manuscript subject index thereto has been carried as far as 1857. The London Court of Aldermen, constituted by the Lord Mayor and City Aldermen, sat at the Guildhall about twentyfive times a year and, with the Court of Common Council, formed (and still forms) the administrative body of the Corporation. Its judicial function was mostly confined to questions touching the election and admission of the officials of the City, but in its executive capacity it superintended the London prisons and ordered prosecutions,* and in this way comes under our notice. A study of the seventeenth-century Repertories shows that persons arrested on serious charges were occasionally brought before this assembly, which would then and there hold a preliminary examination and either dismiss the case or remand the offender to gaol for trial at a subsequent sessions at the Old Bailey. The records of such proceedings are, in one or two instances, of no little interest to us. I have picked out and inserted in the following pages, under their proper dates, all the indexed entries relating to our subject throughout the period. IV. System of this book.-Some explanation will be required regarding the method by which the materials are here presented and arranged. The volume will be seen to consist, for the most part, of documents from the Sessions Files, arranged under headings indicating the particular file to which they belong. Here at once some confusion may possibly arise. It has already been explained (p. xxi) that each of these files contains the records of at least two separate courts, Sessions 6f the Peace and Sessions of Gaol Delivery; I must therefore make it clear that the recurrent heading, File for Sessions of Newgate Gaol Delivery ... ," is intended briefly to describe merely the Gaol Delivery section of the file. The composite character of these files should be taken for granted throughout: the absence of a reference to the records of other sessions on. a file signifies that no documents relating to our subject have been found among them. Cl

indictments' for recusancy in this reign), says . . . "we are all here for the present in a most dreadful high suspense concerning the late rigorous proc1am?-tion and threats against our lives and fortunes. 'Ne have not known the like with so many great circumstances of terror, in ~o years last past." Cavalier, ed. Margaret Blundell, p . 140. Report on Nlttnicipal Corporations, 1837, p. 67.

*


liv

INTRODUCTION

The files are dealt with in chronological order, but I have set out the documents they enclose in the order in which they come to hand when one opens the file, irrespective of date, merely rearranging them where necessary according to the sessions to which they refer-Gaol Delivery or Sessions of the Peace. This has been done with a view to facilitating the search of a student who wishes to consult an original. I may here remark that from what has already been said concerning the construction of the files (p. xxii) it follows that the first document which meets the eye on an unwrapped file is in reality the last document filed: consequently the reader will understand that where a number of recognizances or other classes of records belonging to one sessions occur together in the present book, the individual documents of those groups are set forth in the inverse order of their actual filing. With the exception of the periods 1625-1652 (when all files except one are missing) and 1660-1673 (wherein there is no evidence of the enforcement of the penal laws against Catholics), the dates of all extant Sessions Files lacking in references to our subject., and-where it is possible-the dates of all missing files, are given in the footnotes as the work proceeds. Sessions Papers and items from the Repertories are inserted under their appropriate dates. "Vhen the Sessions Books become available (temp. Charles II) I have placed the data therefrom immediately after the documents of the corresponding Sessions File. In short, the volume deals with the various sessions consecutively, but does not pretend to give the cases themselves in the strict order in which they came before the court. Indeed, this order is nowhere clearly discernible in the records at our disposal. All minutes or annotations subsequently added to documents and to items in the Sessions Books are reproduced in italics-a type which, in the text of the present volume, is employed exclusively for that purpose. I ought finally to remark that in view of the vast number of names that occur, biographical notes have been omitted, except where some notes of this kind seemed necessary to account for the inclusion of documents which lack an explicit statement of the character of the offender and of the nature of the charge, or where difficulties in the text demanded them. References to the Dictionary of National Biography, however, will be found in the Index.

V. Records temp. Oates's Plot, 1678-168I.-The series of London Sessions Files and Sessions Books of this period being complete and in excellent preservation, the information they provide is, I venture to say, of no little interest and importance, for notwithstanding their reticence in matters of detail they give us the names and the precise number of the persons required, for one reason or another, to appear at the sessions during this time of intense persecution. In the following pages I have set forth all the records which have any bearing on the history of the Plot, even such as do not immediately concern Catholics. Since they are very varied


INTRODUCTION

Iv

and occupy a considerable portion of the book, it may be of some assistance if an attempt be made here to co-ordinate, historically, this great mass of material. The exigencies of space forbid me to discuss the nature of that hateful imposture. I limit my remarks to the effects of the intrigues of Oates and his fellows upon Catholics of the metropolis, as exhibited in the records with which we are dealing. Numerous and significant though these London records are, the student will be impressed actually by their paucity in comparison with the Middlesex records of the same period. 'f This is doubtless to be explained not only by the fact that there were far fewer Catholics in the City than in the adjacent County, but also that the supposed scene of the plot lay outside the City boundaries. Of the men who suffered the extreme penalty at Tyburn in connection with the Plot, only one-Richard Langhorne, the Catholic barrister of the Inner Temple (recently beatified)-was prosecuted in London.:: Nevertheless, it is safe to say that nowhere in England were the consequences of Oates's perjuries more acutely felt by Catholics in general than within the narrow limits of its Capital. The panic of the times is illustrated in the thirty-one royal proclamations which were issued between October, 1678, and December, 1680, prescribing the measures, both preventive and punitive, to be taken on account of this supposed treachery of Catholics. ยง No less than half of these relate particularly to London and its immediate vicinity. Some of them throw considerable light on the treatment of Catholics in the City and go far to explain the present records: I propose therefore to make them the frame-work of my remarks. The first two proclamations, of October 20th and 24th, were concerned with the murder of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey, and offered a reward, pardon, and security to anyone who would come forward with informa~ion. These were followed on October 30th by another which commanded all Popish Recusants" to depart before November 7th from London, Westminster, and all other places (including the royal palaces) within ten miles of the same: traders of twelve months' standing might remain: constables and churchwardens must report all suspects lingering after that date, to whom the Justices of the Peace must tender the oaths of allegiance and supremacy II and commit such as refused to prison till the next sessions, when they were to be proceeded against according to law.

*

(C

*

Some new light is thrown on the inner history of the Plot in M. V. Hay's The Jesuits and the Popish Plot, an important book recently published. 'f Cf. :Middlesex County Records, vol. iv. ~ The documents relative to his case will be found on pp. 245 seq. ยง The authoritative text of these proclamations is to be seen in the contemporary issues of the London Gazette, a set of which is in the Burney Collection, British Museum. Abstracts are given in A Catalogue of Tudor and Stuart Proclamations, edited by R. Steele, vol. i (Bibliotheca Lindesiana). II The oath of allegiance was that prescribed by the statute 3 James I, c. 4. That of supremacy was the old oath prescribed by 26 Henry VIII , c. I, repealed under Queen Mary and revived by I Elizabeth, c. 1.


Ivi

INTRODUCTION

The reader will find some ' evidence of the results of these proclamations, particularly of the last one, in the file of December, 1678 (pp. 206 seq.). Philip Cooke, Roger Taverner, and Pugh Vaughan, who appear in the Newgate calendar of that date (also Ralph Conyers and Charles Byett: see later calendars), were all evidently regarded as visiting Catholics who had ignored the proclamation. It will be seen that three of these, Taverner, Vaughan, and Conyers, eventually died in gaol. On November 17th appeared a pro.clamation which enjoined that constables and churchwardens should take the names and addresses of all popish recusants of sixteen years of age and upwards, and hand in the lists to the nearest Justice of the Peace, who must send for the persons therein named, tender the oaths (no exceptions are mentioned), and in case of refusal, require them to enter into recognizances to appear at the next Sessions of the Peace; defaulters were to be committed to the Common Gaol, there to remain till the following Quarter Sessions or until delivered by due course of law. It ordered, furthermore, that all recusants should be disarmed, a reward of ÂŁ10 being offered for the discovery of arms in a recusant's house. The two lists of subscribers to the oaths discovered among the Sessions Papers (pp. 205 seq.) show the effects of this proclamation. Since the series of Sessions Papers are far from complete, it is possible that other lists of a similar nature have disappeared. It would seem fairly certain that, terrified by the possible consequences of refusal, the majority of London Catholics took the oaths at this time. A point to be noticed here, however, is that although the law required both oaths to be taken, there are two instances in the present records (i.e., the cases of John Blake and Stonar Crouch, pp. 258 and 259) where the Justices allowed the oath of allegiance to be subscribed without the accompanying oath of supremacy. Presumably this brought Blake and Crouch some mitigation of treatment, but what it amounted to is not shown. Subsequent Sessions Books prove that it did not at any rate excuse them from having to find securities for their good behaviour. On November 19th another edict was issued, explanatory of the proclamation of the previous 30 October. The latter, it stated, did not extend to "merchant strangers," provided they gave in their names to the Lord Mayor within six days; nor to travelling foreigners on condition that within the same period they sent their names and addresses to the Secretary of State. The next day, November 20th, Charles, on the petition of Parliament, revived the sanguinary statute of 27 Elizabeth by a proclamation" for the discovering and apprehending all Popish Priests, and Jesuits," except the Benedictine, Hudleston, and the foreign priests attending the Queen and ambassadors: ÂŁ20 reward was offered for an arrest. On former occasions warning had been given to priests when it was intended to enforce this statute, giving

*

*

For contemporary Catholic opinions regarding the oaths see Hay, The Jesuits and the Popish Plot, pp. 139 seq.


INTRODUCTION

lvii

them time to quit the country. Not so now. In every part of England they were immediately seized, imprisoned, indicted, and tried for their lives. During the course of the next year (1679) eight priests were put to death in the provinces for their priesthood alone. An examination of Middlesex County Records, vol. iv, will show how numerous were the arrests and condemnations in that County. The present records prove that in London the number of arrests was comparatively small. Ten persons were apprehended in the City on this charge between November, 1678, and October, 1680, but several of them were detained merely on suspicion and it is probable that in one or two instances those so charged were not priests at all. The lure of ÂŁ20 reward engendered perjurers by the dozen. Take the case of Peter Maria Mazzantini, committed to Newgate on 21 May, 1679 (p. 253). Mazzantini was not released until a letter from the Venetian Resident in London had been presented at the board of the Privy Council (May 23rd), pointing out that the accused, whose real Christian name was John, was actually "a Surgeon, who had long lived in this Country and married a Wife who is a Protestant and has here a Child, he himself being an Italien and a subject of the great Duke of Tuscany and that he hath for some yeares actually served the said Resid t , and had taken the Oath of Allegiance." However, Charles was determined if possible to save the priests from the death penalty and, in the case of all those convicted in London and Middlesex, achieved this by ordering their reprieve in gaol" during the King's pleasure." By an Order-in-Council of 4 June, 1679," he extended this concession to those who should thereafter be convicted in the provinces. His intervention was effective. No persons convicted merely of priesthood after the Spring Assizes of 1679 were put to death. Many, however, died in gaol through long imprisonment, for, except in a few cases, it was not until 1684 that royal pardons were issued. Among the documents in the present book will be found the coroners' inquisitions-post-mortem regarding such priests (all of them Middlesex prisoners) as died in Newgate during this period. The next proclamation that concerns us appeared on December 20th, 1678. This measure, entitled For the disarming and securing of Popish Recusants," commanded that all recusants (presumably those who had not hitherto taken the oaths) should be required to enter into recognizances to keep the peace and to be of good behaviour; that these recognizances must be returned to the next Sessions of the Peace, when the persons concerned were to be proceeded against; if they failed to give such recognizances they were to be imprisoned until delivered by due course of law. So sweeping were the effects of this proclamation that a considerable number of our documents are attributable to it. The fIrst batch of recognizances to which it gave rise is on the file for

*

tI

*"Privy C01-mciZ Register, p.e. 2/68 (P.R.O.). , Ibid., under this date.


lviii

INTRODUCTION

the sessions of January, 1678/9. The student who wishes to ascertain what proceedings were taken in regard to any of these persons should turn to the Sessions Book of the same date, where he will find the proceedings outlined in the annotations above each name. In many cases he will discover the words Comparuit et exonerat~tr (" He appeared and is discharged "), which imply either that the necessary oaths were then and there taken (a fact which, in a few instances, is explicitly mentioned in the minute), or that the person concerned produced a certificate that he had received " the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper" in a Protestant Church. Those who refused thus to satisfy the court were thereafter bound over from session to session, and their successive recognizances are to be seen in the Sessions Books until they incur forfeiture by defaulting or are finally discharged in January, 1681/2. Incidentally, it is noticeable that sooner or later the majority of these persons decided that it was preferable to forfeit their recognizances rather than to endure this continuous and burdensome surveillance. The picture thus presented of the operation of the penal laws among the people of London is not without its interest, but it is after all a mere outline. The meagreness of the information conveyed in these brief minutes leaves us with several problems which cannot be satisfactorily solved." So far as our evidence goes, it would seem that the Justices occasionally allowed themselves a certain latitude in their administration of these laws. Meanwhile questions had been put to the judges with regard to the application of the foregoing enactments in particular cases, and on January 17th, 1678/9, a proclamation appeared stating and enforcing their decisions.:= By it the Justices were informed that thenceforward all resident foreigners (tradesmen, servants to ambassadors, and tt housekeepers ") who were not menial servants to ambassadors nor merchants (as distinct from tradesmen), must either take the oaths or find securities, and that no further exception must be made in this matter in the case of married women (the wives of Protestants) and native menials of ambassadors: furthermore, that a recusant having taken the oaths on his first appearance in court (according to the requirements of the proclamation of December 20) should not again be bound over to keep the peace, but that if he refused the oaths on that occasion his subsequent taking of them would not free him of the obligation to find new securities. The last point doubtless explains why William Hudson, who took the oaths in April, 1680 (p. 290), is shown in later Sessions Books to be still obliged to appear.

*

*If For instance, iv,

IT4 seq. we sometimes find in the Sessions Books the note respect'ttat'Ur (" he is respited ") instead of traditur in balli~wn ... or exoneratur. The reason for the postponement of appearance in such cases is often withheld from us. Nor is it clear what were the obligations of a person thus respited. In some instances it would seem that his recognizance was continued for a further period; in others, that the case was "shelved" or Yirtually dismissed. :I: This is set forth in the Londo11 'Gazette of February 3-6, 1678/9. M.e.R.,


INTRODUCTION

lix

On May 4th, 1679, it was publicly announced that all licences granted since the previous 30 October for provincial Papists to enter within ten miles of London were now revoked: they must depart and not return for six months unless further permission be granted. The order was renewed on 3 December, 1679, and 4 October, 1680, by which time these suspicious characters are said to have returned "in great numbers." Consequently it was decided to enforce the old statute of 3 James I, c. 4, by which such offenders should incur the fine of ÂŁ100; and nine days later (13 October, 1680) churchwardens and overseers of the poor were incited to action by a proclamation which promised that half of the said fine would be devoted to the needs of the poor in the parish where the discovery of a lurking papist should be made. There is no evidence in the present records, however, that their efforts were successful. This remarkable series of proclamations ends on 3 December, 1680, with a further warning that all papists, including peers, must leave London at once; but it was not until the advent of Sir John Moore as Lord Mayor in November, 1681, that Catholics in London began to breathe more freely. The lifting of the ban was of course due primarily to the fall of Shaftesbury's Party from power at the beginning of that year; nevertheless, Sir John's personal views were all in favour of stemming the tide of persecution (see p. 344, note), and since it cost him no little trouble and unpopularity to carry the new policy of moderation into effect, his name is worthy of our grateful remembrance. It will be noticed that during the Oates Plot period, indictments (as distinct from other classes of records) exhibiting matter of interest to Catholics are comparatively rare. Only two files contain indictments for recusancy, those of October, 1679, and October, 1681. On the latter occasion Titus Oates himself is seen in one of his last public acts as a prosecuting witness-he was then falling into disrepute. However, some of the other indictments occurring in the last seven years of this reign are of considerable interest. I would call attention particularly to those charging persons with " seditious" or "libellous" words relative to the murder of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey and other incidents of the Plot. Several of them illustrate very clearly the ubiquity of informers and the serious consequences that might befall anyone who was so rash as to question the reality of the " Popish Plot" or the good faith of its actual contrivers. Nor should the reader overlook the evidence (here given mostly in the footnotes) of the fierce pamphlet warfare between Shaftesbury's men and the Court Party, shown in the numerous prosecutions for" seditious" literature. An outstanding figure of these years was the doughty Nathaniel Thompson, a printer of Fetter Lane, who entered the lists in August, 1679, to combat the Shaftesbury and Oates periodicals which were flooding the country. "Popish Nat," as he was nicknamed, edited a news-

*

*

But see note, p. 260. The total number of indictments for recusancy presented in London throughout the reign of Charles the Second 'w as 298 (63 parchments). Conviction followed in 2 3I cases,


Ix

INTRODUCTION

paper of his own to prevent false reports," and published numerous pamphlets for which he was frequently prosecuted. I have noted in¡the present book every reference to him occurring in the London records, for he appears actually to have become a Catholic towards the end of the reign. H

In conclusion I wish to express my sincere gratitude to His Lordship the Bishop of Cambysopolis (the Rt. Rev. joseph Butt, V.G.) for his kind hospitality and encouragement, particularly during the period in which the materials for this book were being collected. I am also deeply indebted to Mr. A. H. Thomas, Deputy Keeper of the Records at the Guildhall, and to his assistant, Mr. P. E. jones, without whose skilled assistance and unfailing courtesy the work could never have been achieved; to Miss J. Cameron and Miss N. MeN. O'Farrell, who afforded me very considerable help at the Middlesex Guildhall and the Public Record Office respectively; to Mr. j. G. Muddiman, for giving me the benefit of his unrivalled knowledge concerning the printed sources of Charles the Second's reign; to Mr. B. H. Newdigate, for reading the proofs and for several important suggestions, and to Mr. J. J. O'Reilly, of the Public Record Office, who examined the above introductory remarks in manuscript and suggested some valuable emendations. I wish also to thank those of my own brethren who generously gave many hours of their time to the labour of typing the MSS. Douai Abbey, vVoolhampton. 21 May, 1934.

HUGH BOWLER, O.S.B.


GLOSSARY OF VERBAL CONTRACTIONS AND LEGAL TERMS.

*

Note: (1) An apostrophe following the vowels a, e, or u generally signifies the omission of the single letter m; otherwise, the contraction of a noun, pronoun, or adjective may stand for any case, number, or gender ' of the word. (2) The diphthongs ce and ce are invariably written e.

Ab(b)ettare=to abet. accessarius= accessory. accio= action. adiornamentum=adjournment: adiornare=to adjourn. adiudicare=to give judgment. ad ' largu'=ad largum=at large. advisate= advisedly, intentionally. agreamentum= agreement. al'=(I) alius=other. (2) alias = otherwise. (3) alioquin=or else, otherwise. aldermannus= alderman. alias = otherwise ; at another time. allegare=to allege. allocacio=award. allocare=to allow, award. allocr=allocatur=is allowed. alt'=altus=high. alterare=to change, alter. amodo=henceforward Angl' = Anglia= England . ann'; aO=Anno=in the year. ans'=(to) answer. antetunc=previously. appellare=to impeach, accuse. ar'; arm'; armigr=armiger=esquire. Arcub'=(de) Arcubus=of the Arches (Le Bow). ar(r)ainare=to arraign. arrestare= to arrest. articul' = articulus = complaint, charge, " article." assign'= assignatus = appointed; assignee. assis' = assisa= assize.

assumere= to aclmowledge. attd=aHainted. attach' = attachiatus = " attached," bound or seized by writ. attincta=attaint, attainder. attinctare=to attaint (Note.-attinctatus=convicted and sentenced for treason or capital felony). atting;= attingunt = (with affinitate) are related. attornatus=attorney. audiend' et terminand'=audiendum et terminandum = for hearing and determining (cf. Oyer and Terminer). audit' = (1) auditus=a hearing. (2) auditus=heard. aur' = aurifaber= goldsmith. autrefois acquit {plea)=previously acquitted (of the same offence as the one charged in the indictment). Ball'=(I) ballium=bail. (2) ballius } b Tff ballivus all. banc' = bancus= bench, Court of Common Pleas; Court of King's Bench (in this sense usually with Regis). baronett' = baronettus= baronet. barr' = barra= bar of a court. biga=an object drawn by two horses; hurdle; sledge. bon'={I) bonus=good. (2) bona=goods. breve = writ.

* Compiled chiefly from The Record Interprete1', C. T. Marlin (znd ed .,

19 10 ); A New Law Dictionary, Giles Jacob (7th ed., 1756); ~nq Wp.<:l.rton's Law Le~icon, revised by J. S. Will (6th ed ., 1876) ,


lxii

GLOSSARY

Calumpniare=to claim. capcio=taking. capt' = captus=taken. catall' = catalla= chattels. cerc'; cert'; certiorar'=certiorari (writ). certific' = ? certificatura = certificate. certificare=to certify, estreat. cess' process'=cessat processus= the process ceases, proceedings are stayed. civit'=civitas=city. claia=hurdle. coadunacio= assem bly. cog' ; cogn' = cognovit (-erunt) = acknowledged, confessed (with. indictamentum= pleaded guilty). com' = (I) .comitatus= county. (2) comparuit(-erunt; comparebit) = appeared (shall appear). (3) committed (to prison). com d=committed (to prison). com(m)iss'= (I) commissus=committed, imprisoned. (2) commissio=commission. compar' = comparuit(-erunt) = appeared. comparencia= appearance compassare=to compass, contrive. compassatio = contrivance, compassing. Computator=Counter (prison). concelare= to conceal. concernen' = concernens= concerning. confect' = confectus = addressed, directed. ~ons'= (I) consideratum (est)=it is decreed, considered (and oth.er tenses of considerare) . (2) consuetudo=custom. content' =contentus=contained. cont' = contra = against. controfactura= counterfeit. convencio= meeting. conversacio = conversation, behaviour. conviccio= conviction. convict' = convictus = convicted (in treason or capital felony,

the condition of an offender found guilty but not sentenced. Cj. attinctare). cora' =coram= before. coron' =corona= crown. coronat' = coronator=coroner. crastinum= morrow. cu' = cum=since, whereas; with. cur' = curia= court. Dat'= (I) data=date. (2) datus=given. dand'=dandus,from dare=to give. Dacor' = Dacorum= of the Danes (in references to the parish of St. Clement Danes). deber'=debere=to owe. debit'=(I) debitum=debt. (2) debitus=due (adj.). deced'=decedendum, from decedere=depart, withdraw. dedicere=to gainsay, controvert. ded'= dedit= gave. defend' = defendens=defendant. def' fec'=defaltam fecit (-erunt)= made default. del'=(I} deliberacio=delivery, release. (2) deliberatur=is delivered, released. delr=deliberatur=is delivered, released. delinquen' = delinquens = offending. demand'=demanda=citation, demand. deten' = detentus= detained. detinetr=detinetur=is detained. devisare=devise. dic' = dicit= says. dict' = dictus= said. dies=day (also day, in sense of a time of respite given to a defendant-Jacob, Law D1:Ct.). divisare=devise. Dom'=Dominus=Lord. duct'.=ductus=led, brought. Ead', eod', eorund' = eadem, eodem, eorundem=same. ear', eor' = earum, eorum=of them. ecia', etia'=etiam=also. edit'=editus=made, published. effect' = effectus= effect.


GLOSSARY

effectual' = effectualiter = elfectually. elect'= electus= elected, chosen. escaet' =escaetor= escheator. es~apium= es.cape. eu =eunl=hlm. evidenc' = evidencia= evidence. exact' = exactus = called, summoned. Excambium= Exchange. execucio= execution. existere=to be, exist (often 'used for esse). existen' =existens= being. exT, exo UT , exonUT=exoneratur= is discharged, exonerated. ext a, exra=extra=without; at large; issuing from. extran' = extraneus=foreigner. extunc=thereafter. Faber ferrarius= blacksmith. falsitas= forgery. felon' = felonia= felony . Fidis, often used as genitive of Fides= (St.) Faith. forisfacere=to forfeit. forisfactura= forfeiture. furcae= gallows. G.B.=Good Behaviour. gaol'=gaola (? gaolum}=gaol. gener', generos', generoc' = generosus, generocius= gentleman. geren' = gerens= bearing. gerend', from gerere=to behave. Guihald' = Guihalda= Guildhall. Hab T, haberd'=haberdasher. habit'=habitus=had, held. ha' cor'=habeas corpus (writ). hambletus= hamlet. hered' = heredes= heirs. homicid' = homicidium= homicide.

Ign'=ignoramus=we ignore, are . ignorant (of bills). ~pannellare=to impanel. Impetere=to accuse, impeach. ~peticio=impeachment.

Imposit' =impositus= imputed.

lxiii

imposter' imposterum = hereafter. imprimere=to print. imprisonament' = imprisonamentum=imprisonment. inchoat'=inchoatus= begun. ind', indictr=indictatur=is indicted. inde=of or concerning the charge. indictament' = indictamentum = indictment. indictat' = indictatus= indicted. indilate=without delay. inferre= bring in, produce, deliver. infra=within. in(n)uend'=innuendo=meaning. inquirend', from inquirere = inquire. inquisicio = inquisition, inquest, inquiry. instan' = instans= instant, present. instigacio=instigation, impulse. insulta= assault. integr', from integer=whole. illterloqui=to discuss, imparl. intul'=intulit=brought in, delivered; inflicted. intratus=entered, recorded. inven' =inveniendus, from invenire=find. it' = item= also.

Jacen' = j acens= lying. jovis (dies}=Thursday. jud'=judicium=judgment. junctor= joiner. j ur' = (I) j uratores= jurors. (2) jurata=jury. (3) juratus=sworn. j ustic' = (I) j usticiarius= a justice. (2) j usticia= justice. Labor' = laborarius = workingman, one of the artizan class. lapidarius=stone-mason. lect'=lectus=read, recited. legal' = legalis = lawful. legianc' =legiancia= allegiance. levar'=levari=to be levied. li'=libra=pound (money). libr'= (I) libra. (2) (from) liber= book. licenc' = licencia= permission. ligeanc' = ligeancia= allegiance.


Ixiv

GLOSSARY

ligeus=liegeman, subject. locu' tenen' = locum tenens = lieutenant. lotur' = lotura = rubbing or " sweating" (of coins). lune (dies) = Monday. M', Maior' (Major')=Maiore (abl.) =mayor, in the mayoralty of. m', manucapt'=(r) manucaptio= mainprize, security. (2) manucaptor = surety, mainpernor (a kind of bail: cf. Introd., p. xxviii). md'=memorandum (sit)=Be it remembered. m r =magister= master. machinare=to plot, contrive. mal'= malus= evil. malefactura=malfeasance. mandat' = mandatum = mandate, order. mansur'=mansurus, from manere =to remain. manutenere=to maintain, support. marc' = marca = mark (obsolete English coin=r3s. 4d.). Marresc' = Marrescallia = Marshalsea (prison). martis (dies) = Tuesday. mercator (scissor)=merchant (tailor). mercurii (dies) = Wednesday. mespricio (mispricio) = misprision. mil', milit', from miles=knight. Miles Balnei=Knight of the Bath. modo=now. morat'=moratus, from morari= to remain. murdr'=murdrum=murder. Notic' = noticia=notice, observation. nunc (after Rex)=the present, reigning. nuncupat'= nuncupatus = called, styled. Obedienc' = obediencia = obedience. oblat'= oblatus= tendered.

occacio=occasion, reason, complaint. occasionari=to be rendered liable to special tribute; to be vexed. octabus=octave, eight days. offens' = offensa (offensus) = offence (specifically, a crime not indictable, punishable summarily). . oier (oyer) et tenniner=to hear and determine (Old French). onerare=to charge. ord' = ordines= orders. ordinacio= ordinance. P=post=after. ptea=postea=aftervvards, later. pac'=pacem(-is)=peace. Pall'=Pallatinus=Palatine. pandoxator= brewer. pardona }_ pardonacio -pardon. paroch' =parochia=parish. pars principalis=principal party. pat'=patet=appears, is shown. paten' = patentes (litterae) = (letters) patent. patria=jury of the" country" or neighbourhood. pen' =pena=penalty. periur' =periuria=perjury. perpetrat' = perpetratus = perpetrated. personal', personalr = personaliter = personally. pharmacopola= druggist. piscenarius=fishmonger. pistor= baker, miller. placit' = (I) placitum=plea (after bene=pleasure) . (2) parts of placitare=to plead. pleg' = plegius = pledge, surety, bail. po se etc. (cf. Introd., p. xxxvii). pred', predict'=predictus=aforesaid.' prefat' = prefatus= aforesaid. prefertr=prefertur=is described above. premiss' = premissa= the premisses, propositions antecedently supposed or proved. presentare=to present. pretens' =pretensus= pretended.


GLOSSARY

preterit' = preteritus= past. princ' = principalis= principal. prison' = (I) prisonarius=prisoner. (2) prisona=prison. probor' et legaliu' hominu'=proborum et legalium hominum= of good and lawful men {j urors) . procl' = proclamatio = proclamation. proclamat' = proclamatus = proclaimed. prodic' =prodicio= treason. prolacio = utterance, pronouncement. propalare=to publish, proclaim openly. proposit' = propositum = purpose, intent. prorogac' = prorogacio = prorogation. pros'=(1) prosecutor. (2) parts of prosequi=to prosecute. pros' tr'=(to) prosecute (a) traverse (cf. Introd., p. xlix). proteccio= protection. provis' = provisus=provided. prox' = proximus= next. Pulletr' =Pulletria= Poultry (one of the Counters or prison houses of the Sheriffs). punicio= punishment. pu se=putteth self [' not guilty' on a jury of the country]: abbreviated English rendering oj po se etc., temp. Protectorate. Qualr=qualiter=how. quer'=? querens=plaintiff. querela=plaint. quiet' = quietus = acquitted, discharged. R' = (I) retornabile=returnable. (2) (after non cuI' nec se) retraxit=withdrew (cj. Introd., p. xxxviii). r', rec', recogn' = recognovit (-erunt) = acknowledged. r', repr, reprivat'=reprivatur=is reprieved, remanded (cf. Introd., p. xxvii). racionabil' = racionabilis = reasonable.

lxv

racione= by reason of. raptum=rape. recogn'= (I) recognovit(-erunt) acknowledged. (2) recognosceildum= !nvestigate, examine. record' = recordum=record. Record r= Recordator= Recorder . recusan'=recusancia=recusancy. rect'=rectus=right, submissive to law. rectare=to cite, accuse. rem' = remain. reputat' =reputatus= reputed. requisiver' =requisiverunt= they required. respr=respectuatur=is respited; case is deferred, shelved (cf. Introd., p. lviii, note). respon' = responsio=reply. respond', respondend' = respondendum, from respondere = to answer. ro ber' =roberia=robbery. routum = disorderly assembly, rout. Salinar' = salinari us = sal ter. saturni (dies) = Saturday. sc'=scilicet=to wit. Scaccarium=Exchequer. SCir'=(1) scire=to know. (2) sciri=to be known. scissor= tailor. scit' = scituatus= situated. secta=law suit, prosecution. secund'=(1) secundum = according to. (2) secundus=second. securitas= security. sedic' = sediciosus= seditious. seisire=to seize. separal' = separalis= several. separat' = separatim=severally. sequen'= sequens= following. sequit r = sequitur = sues, prosecutes. scrtificatio= certificate. serviens ad clavam=sergeant-atmace. serviens ad legem=sergeant-atlaw. serviens communis=common sergeant. sess' = sessio= session (s) .


1xvi

GLOSSARY ( .

sigillat'= sigillatus= sealed. similit r= similiter= likewise. soc'=socius=fellow, colleague. so1'= (r) solvendus=to be paid. (2) soldum=fee. solis (dies)=Sunday. specificat' = specificatus = specified. spur' = spurius=illegitimate. ss=scilicet=to wit. stabilit' = stabilitus=established. statut'=statutum (statuta)=:=statute(s). suar', suor'=suarum, suorum. subcustod', from subcustos = Under-Keeper (of Newgate gaol). subdit'=subditus=subject. subnominat' = subnominatus = under-named. supponitr = supponitur = is supposed. suprad' = supradictus = abovesaid. supranominat' = supranominatus = above-named. Surr'=Surreia (Surria) = Surrey. suspic' = suspicio= suspicion. Tangen'=tangens=touching, con~ cerning. tant' =tantum=only. tenementa=tenements. tenend'=tenendus=to be holden. tent' = tentus= holden. terc' = tercius= third. terr' = terrae= lands. textor=weaver. tinctor= dyer. tonsura=clipping (of coin).

tr' = traversia= traverse, denial..-

tr', trad'=traditur=is delivered. _ transgr' = transgressio=-: trespass. transmar' = transmarinus = beyond the sea. ' triacio= trial. triat' = triatus (from triare) = tried. typographus=printer. Ult' =ultimus= last. ulta=ultra=beyond, above. un'=unus=one. utlagare=to outlaw. utlagaria= outlawry. Ven' =parts of venire = to come. veneris (dies) = Friday. vers' = versus= against. vic', vicecom' = vicecomes sheriff; viscount. viet' = victualarius= victualler. vid'=vidua=widow. vis'=visus=seen. visitacio = visitation. voluntat', from voluntas = will, pleasure. War', warr' = warrantum = warrant. ward'=warda=a City Ward. West m = Westmonasterium Westminster. YeOln', yoelnan, yoman=yeoman =commoner of the first class, free-holder.


INDICATORY LETTERS USED IN THIS VOLUME.

B.M. C.R.S. Cal. S.P. Dom. D.N.B.

G.D. M.C.R. O. and T. P.R.O. Q.S.P. S.P.

British Museum. Catholic Record Society (publications of). Calendar of State Papers (Domestic). Dictionary of National Biography. Gaol Delivery. Middlesex County Records (ed. J. Cordy Jeaffreson). Oyer and Terminer Public Record Office. Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Sessions of the Peace.


JAMES I. {24 March, 1602/3-27 March, I625.) SESSIONS FILES. I

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 15 FEBRUARY, 2 JAMES I (1604/5).*

(I) [Indictment of Ralph Lawson for recusancy.] ~ London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Radulfus Lawson nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London gener' Qui decimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibernie regis fidei Defensor' etc. secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo fuit etatis sexdecim Annor' et ultra non accessit Anglice did not repayre Ecc1esie sue parochiali de paroch' sancti Dunstani pred':t nec alicui alii Capelle aut loco usuali communis precacionis et ibidem fuit tempore communis precacionis ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' predictu' decimu' diem Augusti annis secundo et tricesimo octavo suprad' sed abstinuit ab eisdem Anglice hath forborne the same a pred' decimo die Augusti annis secundo et tricesimo octavo supradictis per spaciu' pred' sex mensiu' extunc prox' sequen' contra formam et tenorem cuiusdam Statuti apud Westlll in Com' Midd' Anno regni domine Elizabethe nuper Regine primo pro uniformitate communis precacionis ac contra formam Statuti Anno regni eiusdem domine Regine vicesimo tercio in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' in dicti Domini Regis nunc et legum suar' contempt' manifestu' necnon contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et dignitat' suas etc. Proclamat' fuit secund'l-tm forma' stamยฃ' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wytnes ยง Cransfeyld Lowe Maior' XVo die Febr' Anno seclmdo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Henr' Moodyell et soc' suos etc.

(2) [Indictment of William Greene for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Willelmus Greene nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidentali London

*

The remains of three earlier files [for sessions beginning 14 July, 1 0 Eliz. (1568); IS July, I J ames I (1603); and 16 January, 2 James I (1604/5)] exist , but are very incomplete and contain no documents of particular interest t o Catholics. This (broken) file of 15 February is also far from entire; cf. Tierney-Dodd, Church H istory of England, iv, Appendix, p . xcii. Only seven indictments remain upon it. ~ English translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 380. ~ Sic in MS. for sancti And,'ee in Holborne (cf. above). The erroneous words are a subsequent addition in another hand. ยง I.e. , for the prosecution. Thus in all indictments. See lntrod ., p . xxxiv . II Foreman of the Grand Jury. Thus in all such endorsements. The words hoc record' signify the indictment or " True Bill." A


2

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

r604/5

Armigr Qui decimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo .... infra sex menses ...โ€ข [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundu' forma' stat'u ti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Thomas Fenton* Lowe Maior' XVo die Febr' Anno secundo .... [as (r) above]. (3) [Indictment of Richard Benson for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Ricardus Benson de paroch' sancte Brigitte alias Bridget in warda de Farington extra London gener' qui decimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo .... infra . sex menses .... [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit sec~mdu' formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] John Panber ~ Lowe Maior' XVo die Febr' .... [as (r) above]. (4) [Indictment of Richard Hatton for recu5ancy.] London 5S. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Ricardus Hatton de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident ali London generos' Qui decimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo .... infra sex menses .... [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundu' fOr1'nam act' parliamti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wittnes Thomas fenton Lowe Maior' XVo die Febr' .... [as (r) above]. (5) [Indictment of William Waller for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod WilIelmus Waller de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident ali london generoc' Qui decimo die Augusti Anno Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo .... infra sex menses .... [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundum formam Statut' etc. [L. margin] Bylla Vera [Endorsed] Wytness Thomas [ ? ]sfeyld:I: [ ? ] ยง Fenton [Lowe Maior'] H XVo die Febr' .... [as (r) above].

*

Witness, as Cransfeyld above. So also all persons whose names are similarly endorsed on indictments. ~ ? or Pauber. :I: Probably Cransfeyld. Cf. indictment (1) above. ยง Probably Thomas. Cj. indictment (2) above. n Obliterated in !lIS.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1604/5

3

(6)

[Indictment of Francis Bowen and four other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Franciscus Bowen nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in warda de Farringdon extra yoeman Thomas Lodge nuper de paroch' ecclesie Christi in warda de Farringdon infra in medicil1is doctor Christofer Askewith nuper de dicta paroch' ecclesie Christi in ward' pred' generosus Hugo Holland de paroch' sancte Fidis Virginis in warda de Farringdon infra pred' generos' et Thomas Roper nuper de paroch' sancti Petri in warda de Creplegate London pred' Salinar' decimo die Januarii anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Sco<;:ie tricesimo octavo fuer' et eoru' quilibet fuit etatis sexdecim annor' et ultra non accesser' Anglice did not repayre nec eorum aliquis accessit ecclesiis suis parochial' pred' nec alicui alii ecclesie ... . infra unu' mens em prox sequen' pred' decimu' diem J anuarii ... . sed abstinuer' ab eisdem Anglice have forborne the same a pred' decimo die Jal1uarii .... [remainder of formula as (I) above]. Ad sess' tent' XV o die F ebruarii anna secunda Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' F,'anciscus Bowen separatim po se ve' fa' cut' etc. Et pred' Thomas Lodge, Christoferus Askwith, Hugo Holland, Thomas Roper proclamat' fuer' secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Lowe Maio re XVo die Febr' .... [as (r) above].

*

II

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 22 MARCH, 2 JAMES I (1604/5).

(r) [Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Giles to answer.]' London ss. Md' quod sexto die Marcii anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. secundo et Scotie XXXVIIlo Thomas Giles de Cow lane in paroch' sancti Sepulchri London Baskett maker trad' in ball' J ohanni y onge de paroch' sancti Georgii in Southewerk yoman et Thome Godfrey de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Aldersgate London Chaundler usque prox' Session' Deliberacionis gaole de Newgate pro Civitate pred' tenend' parat' ad respondend' omnibus etc. sub pen a partis princ' per se Quadragint' libr' et utriusque Manucapt' pred' per se viginti libr' legalis etc. de bonis etc. ad opus etc. quas etc. 'si etc. Capt' et recognit' Compantit -et Sacrament' coram me prestitit corporal' de [Signed] H. Mountagu supremitate Recordr

*

Ang.: "At the Session held on the 15th da.y of February in the second year of the reign of King James, the above-named Francis Bowen separately puts himself [upon his country]; [the writ] veni1'e facias [is issued for a jury t o ~e summoned]; [he is found] guilty etc. And the said Thomas Lodge, Chnstopher Askwith, Hugh Holland and Thomas Roper were proclaimed according to the form of the statute etc." , English translation of this document in Appendix B, p . 380 .


4

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH

1604/5

(2)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas and Peter Penkevell to answer.] London ss. Md' quod secundo die Martii anno regni domini nostri Jacobi Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. secundo et Scotii XXXVIIIo Thomas Penkevell de London gener' et Petrus Penkevell de London gener' trad' in Ball' J ohanni Trevilian' de St Cleder* in Com' Cornub' gener' et Edwardo Tredwaye de paroch' sancti Martini in Ie Vintrie London Draper usque prox' session' deliberacionis gaole de Newgate pro Civitat' pred' tenend' parat' ad respondend' omnibus etc. sub pena utriusque princ' pred' per se ducent' libr' et utriusque Manucapt' pred' per se cent' libr' legalis etc. de bonis etc. ad opus etc. quas etc. si etc. Capt' et recogn' coram me Comparuer' et exr per [SignedJ H. Mountagu cur' quia indictantur etc. ~ Recordr (3) [Indictment of Thomas Morley for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Thomas Morley de parochia sancti Vedasti in warda de Farringdon infra London vicesimo die Februarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibernie regis fidei Defensor' etc. secundo ac Scotie XXXVIIIo fuit etatis sexdecim Annor' et ultra .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Februarii .... [formula as (I), p. IJ. Ad sess' ten [ ? ] Ideo Jud' [ ? ]~ [L. margin] Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Lowe Maior' XXIIo die Martii anno secundo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc recordu' per Walteru' Silkyns et soeios suos etc. (4) [Indictment of Robert Holt and William Wiles for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Robertus Holt nuper de parochia Sancti Michaelis in warda de Cornhill London mercator Willelmus Wiles de parochia sancti Swithuni in warda de Walbroke London pred' mercator et Radulfus Rogers d~_ dicta parochia sancti Swithuni in pred' warda de Walbroke London pred' generosus ยง vicesimo die Februarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Scotie XXXVlIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Februarii .... [formula as (6), p. 3J.

* Ang.: ? St. Clether. "They appeared and are discharged by the Court, because they ~

are indicted etc." CJ. indictment (5) on this file. The lower part of this and the following document has been torn away. In each case most of the minute recording proceedings has therefore disappeared. ยง The words et RadulJus Rogers .... generosus are underlined in MS.

=


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH

1604/5

5

Ad sess' tent' XXllo die Martii annis secundo Regni Regis Jac ... [ ? J.* [L. marginJ Billa Vera for Holte & Wyles. Ignoramus for Rogers. [EndorsedJ Lowe M' . . XXIIo die Martii anno secundo .... [as (3) above].

(5)

[Indictment of Henry Oven and six other persons for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Henricus Oven nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei magn' in warda de F arringdon extra London yoman Thomas Penkevell de parochia sancti Sepu1chri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra London pred' generos' Willelmus Greene de pred' parochia sancti Sepulchri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yom' Petrus PenkeveIl de pred' parochia sancti Sepu1chri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra London pred' gener' Joachim Ball de pred' parochia sancti Sepulchri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra London pred' Clericus Willelmus Wrench de pred' parochia sancti Bartholomei magn' in pred' warda de Farringdon extra London pred' Bokebinder ac Henricus Stephens de parochia sancti Benedicti ~ Gracechurch in warda Pontis London pred' Haberdasher vicesimo die Februarii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi .... secundo et Scotie tricesimo octavo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Februarii .... [fomlula as (6), p. 3J. Ad sess' tent' XXllo die Martii anno Secundo Regni Regis Jacobi supradict' Henricus Oven, Thomas Penckevell, Willelmus Greene, Petrus Penkevell, Joachim Ball, T;Villelm~ts Wrench cognover' Indictament' pred' Ideo quod iidem H enricus Oven, Thomas Penkevell, W illelmus Greene, :I: Joachim Ball et W illelmus Wrench habeant et quilibet eor' habeat pen' statut' pred' etc. Pred' Henr' Stephens respectuatur. ยง [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Lowe M' XXIIo die Martii anna secundo ...โ€ข [as (3) above].

III

1605 [Rep. 27: fol. 125vJ. Curia specialis die Sabbati ultimo die Novembris 1605 Annoque Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. Tertio [inter alia] REPERTORY OF THE COURT OF ALDERMEN,U

*

Remainder of minute missing. , The words Henricus Stephens .... Benedicti are underlined in MS. :I: The clerk has omitted here, evidently by mistake, the name of Peter Penkevell. ยง Ang.: "At the Session held on the 22 nd day of March, in the second year of the reign of King James, the above-named Henry Oven [etc.] confessed the said indictment. Therefore [it is decreed] that the said Henry Oven [etc.] have and each of them have the penalty of the said statute etc. The said Henry Stephens is respited ." \I Cf. Introd. , p. liii.


6

JAMES I

Walker comitted

IV

REPERTORY

NOVEMBER

1605

Item it is ordered that Robert Walker one of the Under porters of the Compter in Woodstreete shalbe committed close prisoner to the gaole of Newgate there to remayne without bayle or mainprise touching the wilfull escape of Robert Walker* A Priest out of the sayd Compter

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 JANUARY, 3 JAMES J (1605/6). ~

(r)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Frances Young and Elizabeth Leake to answer.] London ss. Tricesimo die J anuarii = anno regni Domini nostri Coram Leonardo Jacobi nunc Regis Anglie etc. Tertio Francisca Hallyday Maiore Young de London vid' et Elizabetha Leake uxor Willelmi Leake de villa de Stafford in Com' Stafetc. ford yeom' tradr in ballio Francisco Dudley de parochia Sancti Egidii exra Cripplegate London Surgeon et Thome Hathway de parochia Sti Sepulchri exra N ewgate London girdler sub pena utrique manucapt' per se XXIi' et eidem Francisce Young XLii' legal' monete Anglie Quod eedem Francisca Young et Elizabetha Leake personalr comparebunt ad prox' Sess' gaole Deliberacionis pro Civte London tenend' etc. parat' ad respondendum etc. Et quod non dis cedent sine licentia etc. Ac etiam quod interim eedem Francisca Young et Elizabetha Leake se bene gerent etc. Quas etc. Si etc. [Signed] Tho: Wilbraham § non companter' etc. Young et Leake ad respondendum et bene gerend' Recusantsll

(2)

[Indictment of James Prynce and nineteen other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Jacobus Prynce nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon · extra London Aurifaber, Rbbertus Dannett~ de

*

Sic in MS. It is curious that the under-porter and the priest should bear the same name. There is possibly an error here. ~ All the files for the sessions occurring between this date and the preceding 22 March (five or six in number) have disappeared, except that for the G.D. Sessions of 16 May, 3 James I (1605). which, however, contains no documents formally r elating to Catholics or recusants. Attached to the present file of 9 January is the earliest extant Newgate calendar of London prisoners. The date of this recognizance proves that it really belongs to the file for the next Sessions (17 February). Most of these early files appear to have been re-strung at later dates and many documents are out of place. § Thomas Wilbraham was Coroner of the City of London 1590-1610. By virtue of his office, he could, indeed, take recognizances for bail, but it is curious to find his signature on a recognizance taken before the Lord Mayor. 1\ Ang.: Young and Leake to ansWer and (to be of] good behaViour [being] Recusants." ~ ? or Daunett.

=

fI


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

r605/6

7

paroehia et warda pred' Carpenter, Nieholaus Warner de paroehia et warda .pred' Taylor, Owen Browne de paroehia et warda pred' Aurifaber, Nieholaus Borgrove de paroehia et warda pred' gener', Sara Dauneer nuper de paroeh' omniu' Sanetoru' in honye lane in warda de Cheape London pred' Spinster alias Sara Dauneer uxor Roberti Dauneer de London pred' Mercer, Henrieus Dorrell de paroeh' sancte Anne infra precinetu' nuper fratru' predieatoru' jamdudu' dissolut' vulgo voeat' Ie BIaekfryers London pred' Armiger, Beniaminus Johnson nuper de pred' parochia Sanete Anne infra pred' precinetu' nuper fratru' predicatoru' jamdudu' dissolut' vulgo voeat' Ie Blaekfryers London pred' in warda de farringdon infra London pred' gener, Henriens Wyse nuper de paroehia Sanete Bride alias Brigittae in warda de farringdon extra London pred' Textor; Willelmus Edwards de paroehia Saneti Bottolphi extra exoneratur Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London pred' gener', (Edwardus quia prot~tlit sertification' quod conformitat etc. Wilton de pred' paroehia Sancti Bottolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London pred' gener') Elizabetha Sotherton de pred' paroehia Sancti Bottolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London prec1' Spinster alias Elizabetha Sotherton uxor J ohannis Sotherton de London pred' Armigeri, Thomas Lodge de paroehia Eeclesie Christi in pred' warda de farringdon infra London .pred' in medeeinis Doctor, Thomas Reade de paroehia Sancti Michaelis in warda de Cornhill London pred' gener' , Radulfus Everard de paroehia Sancte Marie Magdalene in warda de Creplegate London pred' gener', Humfridus Field de paroeh' Sanete Margarete Moyses in warda de Breadstrete London pred' generos', Martin' Pierson de paroeh' Saneti Olavi in Silverstrete in warda de Creplegate London pred' musicion, Edmund' Bolton de paroehia Sancti Thome Apostoli in warda de Vinet ria London pred' gener', Thomas Nicholls de paroeh' Saneti Petri pauper' in warda de Broadstrete London pred' yoman, Ae Willelmus Higgins nuper de paroehia Sancti Sepulehri in pred' warda de farringdon extra London pred' yoman, qui quinto die Oetobris Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Tertio ae Seotie XXXIXo fuer' et eorum quilibet fuit etatis sexdeeim annoru' et ultra .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' diet' quintu' diem oetobris .... [formula as (6), p. 3]. Ad sess' tent' nona die J anuarii anna 1110 Regni Regis Jacobi etc. suprad' Jacobus Prynce Robertus Dannett N icholaus Warner Owinu s Browne N1:cholaus Borgrove Sara Danncer Henr' Dorrell Beniaminus Johnson Henricus Wyse WilleJ,mus Edwards Edwardus Wilton Elizabeth' Sotherton Thomas Lodge Thomas Read Radulfus Everard

*

*

The words Edwardus Wilton . . .. gener' are bracketed and underlined in MS. The occurrence of Wilton's name in the minute written at the foot of the indictment proves that the interlinear note exoneratur etc. (Ang.: <r He is exonerated because he has produced a certificate that he conforms etc.") must have been inserted after proclamation was made, though probably during this same Sessions.


8

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1605/6

Humfridus Feild Martinus Pierson Edmund~ts Bolton Thomas Nicholls 0- W'illelm~ts Higgyns proclamati' f~ter' secundu! formam statuti in huiusmodi cas'u ed1:t' ac provis' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' IXo die Januarii anno IlIo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Simonem Sedgwik et soc' suos etc.

V

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 3 APRIL, 4 JAMES I (1606).*

(I) [Indictment of Roger Marten, junior, for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Rogerus Marten jun' nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident ali London generosus qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tertio et Scotie tricesimo nono . . .. ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (I), p. I ]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallyday Maior' IlIo die Aprilis A0 HIlo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Thoma' Chapman et soc' suos etc.

(2) [Indictment of Roger (? Apleton) for recusancy.J London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Rogerus [? Apleton] ~ nuper de parochia Sancti Martini prope Aldersgate Lond' Armiger Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad

*

The file for the G.D. Sessions beginning 17 February, 3 James I (1605/6) exists but bears no documents relating to our subject. The February Newgate calendar, however, yjelds inter alia the following three entries which possibly refer to Catholics: (a) it' Ricardus Greene duct' gaole pred' 20/4 per [blank] [? Dixson] gent', commiss' per J ohannem Popham militem etc. pro alta prodicione (Ang.: "item, Richard Greene, brought to the aforesaid Gaol [NewgateJ on 20 January [1605/6J by - - Di.."'Cson, gentleman, committed by Sir John Popham, Knight, etc., for high treason "). (b) it' Johannes [? Starkye] duct' gaole pred' 22/4 [22 Jan.] per Ricardum Hickman gent' commiss' per Johannem Popham Militem etc. pro alta prodicione. (c) it' [? Edwardus] Reade duct' gaole pred' 31/4 [31 Jan.] per Tho' [? Hoverton] Subcustod' commiss' per Johannem Popham Militem pro alta prodicione. The calendar is badly rubbed and no marginal notes are discernible. The present file of 3 April, 1606 (re-strung: not certainly entire) also contains a Newgate calendar, which is in very poor condition-the whole right-hand side being quite illegible. One item therein, occurring among the entries of committals to Newgate since the preceding 17 February, may perhaps refer to a " suspected priest" who figures later in these records, viz.: it' Henricus Mathew duct' gaol' .... [rest obliterated]. No marginal note is discernible. ~ Very doubtful. The third and fourth letters of this surname are quite illegible.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

'9'

aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (1), p. 1]. Proclamat' fuit secundu,m forma' stat1.tt' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera ' [Endorsed] Hallyday Maior' IlIo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo .... [as (1) above].

(3) [Indictment of John Arden for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Johannes Arden nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' London gener' qui vicesimo die [? Augusti] Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem [? Augusti] .... [formula as (1), p. 1]. Proclamat' est sec'Vtndum formam Stat1,f,t' etc . .[L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday M' IlIo die Aprilis Anno quarto .... [as (1) above].

(4) [Indictment of John Fortescue for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Johannes Fortescue nuper de parochia sancte Anne in Blackfryars Lond' generosus qui vicesimo die [? AugustiJ Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem [? Augusti] .... [formula as (1), p. 1]. Proclamat' est iuxta formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' IlIo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (1) above].

(5) [Indictment of Thomas Muttleburye for recusancy.] . London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Thomas Muttleburye nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani in Occidental' London generosus Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesjmo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (r), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday M' Illo die Aprilis Ao Ullo .... [as (r) above].

(6) [Indictment of Mark Ive for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Marcus I ve nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani in Occidental' Lond' Ar' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Seotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (1), p. rJ. . ..


10

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday M' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIIIo . .' .. [as (I) above].

(7) [Indictment of Mary Moore for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Maria Moore nuper de parochia Sancti Andree infra Allgate Lond' vidua Que vicesimo die Augusti Anno Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie XXXIXno .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequeh' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. I]. " Proclamat' est iuxta formam' stat~tt' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (8) [Indictment of Richard Hawley for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Ricardus Hawley nuper de parochia Sti Augustini apud Powles gate* Lond' taylor Qui vicesimo die"Augustini [sic] Anno regnr Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie XXXIXo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem AUgusti .... [formula as (I), p. I]. ProClamat' est iuxta formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maio r ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (I) above]. (9) [Indictment of Andrew Hilton for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Andreas Hilton de parochia sancti Martini extra Ludgate London gener' qui vic~simo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses pr6x' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. I]. ProeZamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maio r ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (10) [Indictment of Hugh Lawson for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Hugo Lawson nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London Armiger qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' predictu' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [.formula as (I), p. I].

* St. Augustine

by St. Paul's Gate (in Watling Street).


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

11

Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday M~or' IlIo die Aprilis AO IlIlo .... [as (1) above]. (II) [Indictment of Ferdinand Bawde for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Fardinando Bawde nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' London pred' Ar' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona · ... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (r), p. I J. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maio r ' Illo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo .... [a.S (I) above]. (r2) [Indictment of Sir Francis Smyth, Knt., for rectisancy.] London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Franciscus Smyth nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' London l\files qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti · ... [formula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta formam stat~tt' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday M' Ipo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo .... [as (r) above]. (r3) [Indictment of Philip' Dobbes for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Philippus Dobbes nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' London generoc' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie ... . tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .. . . ad aliquod' tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (r), p. I]. ProcZamat' est iuxta formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IlIo die Aprilis Ao IIlI o .. •. [as (r) above]. (r4) , [Indictment of John Hilton for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Johannes Hilton nuper de parochia sancti Martini extra Ludgate London gener' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad ali quod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti · ... [formula as (r), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' Statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera ' [Endorsed] , Halliday Maior' IIlo die Aprilis Ao lIIlo .... [as (r) above].


12

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

(IS) [Indictment of Robert Syers for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Robertus Syers nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidenta' London gener' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred, vicesimu' diem Augusti • ... [formula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' IIIo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (I) above]. (16) [Indictment of John Edwardes for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Johannes Edwardes nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident a' London Armiger qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono . . .. ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti · ... [formula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est i~txta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IUo die Aprilis Ao IIHo .... [as (I) above].

(17) [Indictment of Edward Rowse for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Edwardus Rowse nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident a' London gener' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .. . . tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono ... . ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti · ... [formula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est itz,txta formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IHo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (I) above]. (IS) [Indictment of Thomas Persall for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Thomas Persall nuper de parochia sancti Botolphi London generoc' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono ...• ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' !IIo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (I) above].

(19) [Indictment of Henry Atteslowe for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Henricus Atteslowe nuper de parochia sancti Botolphi infra Algate generoc'


J AMES

I'

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

13

qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra~ Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. rJ. Proclamat' est iuxta jonna' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IlIo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo [as (I) above].

(20) [Indictment of James Bereford for recusancy.J London SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Jacobus Bereford nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' London generoc' qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [fonnula as (r), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' stat'ut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye Maior ' IIlo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo .... [as (r) above]. (21) [Indictment of Edward Morgan for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Edwardus Morgan nuper de parochia Stl Andree in Holborne Lond' Armiger Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. 1J. . Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maio r ' IlIo die .Aprilis Ao HIlo .... [as (I) above]. (22)- [Indictment of Sir George Rawley, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Georgius Rawley nuper de parochia Stl Andree in Holborne Lond' Miles Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (r), p. 1J. Proclamat' est iuxta jorma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera - . [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IIlo die Aprilis Ao IlIlo .... [as (I) above]. (23) [Indictment of Edward Shelden for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores .... present ant quod Edwardtis Shelden -n uper de parochia Sti Dunstani in Occidental' Lond' gener' Qui vices~mo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Angbe .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus


14

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [fonnula as (I), p. I]. . Proclamat' est secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] . Halliday Maior ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIIlo .... [as (I) above]. (24) [Indictment of Thomas MuUineux for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores .... present ant quod Thomas Mullineux nuper de parochia Stl Andree in Holborne Lond' generosus Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [fonnula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIlI o .... [as (I) above]. (25) [Indictment of Lewis Tresham for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores .... present ant quod Lodovicus Tresham nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani in Occidental' Lond' generos' Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses pro x' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [formula as (I), p. I] . .Proclamat' est i~txta forma' statu!' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao IIIlo .... [as (I) above]. (26) [Indictment of John Beamonte for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Johannes Beamonte nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani in Occidental' London generos' Qui.vicesim9 die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [fonnula as (I), p. I]. Proclamat' est iuxta forma' statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye Maior ' IlI o die Aprilis Ao IIIlo .... [as (I) above].

(27) [Indictment of Sir Cuthbert HaUsall, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Cuthbertus HaUsall nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occidental' Lond' Miles Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti [fonnula as (I), p. 1J.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

15

Proclamat' est secundum forma' statu.t' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera

[Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' IIIo die Aprilis Ao UIIo .... [as (I) above]. (28) [Indictment of Thomas Briskett and eleven other pers<1>ns for reeusaney. ] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Thomas Briskett de paroehia Omniu' Sanctor' in warda de Dowgate London pred' generos' Thomas Spiller de paroehia Omniu' Sanctor' Barking in warda Turris London generos' Johannes Fitzwilliams alias Johannes Robynson de diet' paroeh' Omniu' Sanctor' Barking in pred' warda Turris London gener' Willelmus Patridge de parochia Sancti Bartholomei magni in warda de Farringdon extra in suburb' London Taylor Johannes Fisher de pred' paroeh' Sancti Bartholomei in pred' warda de F arringdon extra Shoemaker Johannes Gallawey de paroehia Sancti Sepulchri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra vintener Michael' Webb de paroehia Sancti Benedieti Fynek in warda de Broodstrete ~ London gener' Edwardus Prime de paroeh' Sancti Buttolphi in warda de Aldersgate London Miles Bartholomeus Broxbye de paroehia Sancti Buttulphi in warda de Billingsgate London gener' et Maria Broxby de pred' paroehia Sancti Buttolphi in pred' warda de Billingsgate London Spinster alias Maria Broxbye uxor dicti Bartholomei Broxbye de dicta paroehia Sancti Buttolphi in pred' warda de Billingsgate London pred' gener' Johannes Hamms de paroehia Sancte Marie Aldermanbury in warda de Creplegate London pred' Silkweaver et Georgius Turner de paroehia sancte Fidis in warda de Farringdon infra London in medieinis Doctor trieesimo die Deeembr' annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tertio et Scotie XXXIXo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' trieesimu' diem Decembris .... [formula as (6), p. 3].

*

*

Filed among the above twenty-seven indictments (several of which are not entire) are the remains of four others. much mutilated. In each case more than half the document has been torn away. From what is left. however, it is clear that they were once True Bills for recusancy (Billa Vera is discernible on each). and since all are engrossed in the same hand as the other twenty-seven, it is practically certain that the four persons concerned were indicted for recusancy covering the same period (i .e., six months from 20 August, 1605). The only facts of any consequence still visible on these fragments are as follows: (a) "London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Rutland Mull .... " [remainder of surname, address, status and date missing. Below, however, the words" tempus infra sex menses" appear]. "Procla1nat' est. ..â&#x20AC;˘ " [rest missing]. Note:-The full surname was probably" Mullineux." Cf. C.R.S., xxii, p. 123. (b) "London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant ;quod Jana .... alias dicta Jana Shelden uxor .... " [name of husband illegible; . address, all dates and minute missing]. (c) "London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Edwardus .... " [other facts missing]. (d) "London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Thomas .... " [other facts missing] . ~ I.e., Broad Street.


16

JAMES

i

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1606

3 Apr' 1606 pred' Thomas Briskett Thomas Spiller J ohannes Fitzwilliams alias Johannes Robinson Willelmus Patridge Johannes Fisher Johannes Gallawey Nlichael Webb Edwardus Prime Bartholomeus Broxby Maria Broxby Johannes Hamms et Georgius Turner proclamf!,ti fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye Maio r ' IHo die Aprilis Ao HIIo .... [as (I) above].

VI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING II JULY, 4 JAMES I (1606).*

(I) [Indictment of Edward vVhite for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Edwardus White nuper de parochia sancti Bottolphi extra Aldersgate London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi s1-tprad' Edwardus White proclamat' est sec~mdu' formam stat'uti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno IIIIo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Johrumem Warren et soc' suos etc. (2) [Indictment of John Wright for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Johamles Wright nuper de parochia Sti Bottolphi extra Alqersgate London generosus Qui primo die J anuarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie ... . tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi . supradict' Johannes W righte proclamat' est secundum formam' statut'. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye IV!' XIo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (3) [Indictment of Christopher Smith for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Christopher us Smith nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West Lond' generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi supradiet' Christoferus Smyth proelamat' fuit secundum formam statut' etc . . [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' . . XIo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [a~ (I) above].

*

File re-strung: Newgate calendar missing. the preceding May and June are lost.

The files for the sessions of


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1606

17

(4) [Indictment of Edmund Lentall for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores .... present ant quod Edmundus Lentall nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani Ie West Lond' Ar' Qui primo die Januarii anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (1), p. 1]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii Ao 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi pred' Edmundus Lentall proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anna IIIIo .... [as (1) above]. (5) [Indictment of Sir Francis Tunston, Knt., for recusancy.] London SSe J uratores .... present ant quod Franciscus Tunston nuper de parochia sti Dunstani Ie West London Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (1), p. 1J. Ad sess' tent' X10 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Franciscus Tunston proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' Xlo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (1) above]. (6) [Indictment of Henry Dorrell for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... present ant quod Henr' Dorrell nuper de parochia Sancte Anne in Blackfriars London Armiger Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (1), p. 1]. Ad sess' tent' X10 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' H enricus Dorrell proclanw,t' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' Xlo die Julii Anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (7) [Indictment of Walter Hastinges for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... presentant quod Walterus Hastinges nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West Lond' gener' Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. 1J. Ad sess' tent' X10 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Walterus H astinges proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' Xlo die Julii Anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. B


18

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY 1606

(8) [Indictment of Rook Greene for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Rook Greene nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [fomluia as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Rook Greene proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii Anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (9) [Indictment of Richard Benington for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Ricardus Benington nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacob'i s~tprad' Ricardus Benyngton proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above]. (10) [Indictment of Anthony Fitzharbert for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... presentant quod Anthonius Fittzharbert nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Jalluarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Anthonius Fitzharbert proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (I) above].

(II) [Indictment of Henry Beckett for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Henr' Beckett nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii ...• [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' H enr' Beckett proclamat' est sec'Zmdum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera _ [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (I) above].


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

r606

19

*

(12) [Indictment of Sir Edward Raleigh, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Jurat"ores .... present ant quod Edwardus Raleigh nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anna Ullo .... [as (r) above]. (13) [Indictment of John Sleyfield for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Johannes Sleyfeild nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl 0 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Johannes Sleyfeild proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' Xlo die Julii anna IIUo .... [as (r) above]. (r4) [Indictment of Sir Henry Bedingfield, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Henr' Bedingfeild nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani Ie West London miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [fonnula as (r), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl° die J~tlii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi pred' H enr' Bedingjeild indictat' ~ est secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (r) above]. (IS) [Indictment of Richard Watton for recusancy.] London ss. Jurat ores .... present ant quod Ricardus Watton nuper de parochia Sandi Dunstani Ie West London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie . . .. tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xlo die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Ricardus Watton proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' Xlo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above].

*

This indictment bears no clerical minute recording proclamation or any further proceedings. , indictat' in MS. for proclamat'. Evidently an error.


20

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1606

(16) [Indictment of Walter Gifford for recusancy.] London SSe Jurat ores .... presentant quod Walterus Gifford nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London gener' Qui primo die Januarii Anno Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nona .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Walterus Gifford proclamat' est secundu'm, forma11'~ statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anna IIIIo .... [as (I) above].

(17) [Indictment of Sir John Bowles, Knt., for recusancy.] London SSe Jurat ores .... presentant quod Johannes Bowles Buper de parochia Sti Dunstani Ie West London Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini Bostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formuia as (I), p. IJ. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Johannes Bowles proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [Subsequent memorandum.] Et postea scilicet XVl째 die Augusti Ao 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi aUocr breve de Cert-iorar' extra Banc' geren' Dat' apud' lXo die Ju,lii A 0 [lllto pred' retornabil' ibidem in Octabis Sancti Michaelis P1'OX' sequen' Et postea scilicet XXXo die Octobris annis [sic] 11110 transmittitur tenor istius record' in Bane' pred' virtute brevis pred' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' IXo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (I) above].

*

(IS) [Indictment of Michael Hare for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... present ant quod Michael Hare nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani Ie West London Armiger Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Michael Hare proclamat' est secundu' formam statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye IvI' XIo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above].

*

Ang.: " And afterwards, to wit on the 16th day of August in the 4th year of the reign of King James [1606J, a writ of Certiorari is allowed, issuing from [King'sJ B~nch, bearing date at [Westminster] the 9 th day of July in the said 4th year, returnable there in the octave of St Michael next following. And afterwards, to wit, on the 30th day of October in the 4th year, the tenor of this record is transmitted into [King's] Bench aforesa.id, by virtue of the said writ etc." , The clerk has here omitted the word W estmot~asterium.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1606

21

(19) [Indictment of Sir John Drurye, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Johannes Drurye de parochia Sandi Dunstani Ie West Lond' Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Johannes Drurye proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno IlIlo .... [as (I) above]. (20) [Indictment of Robert Pue for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Robertus Pue nuper de parochia Sti Dunstani Le West Lond' Armiger Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... t ercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii ... . [formula as (I), p. 1]. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Robertus P1.ee proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno IllI o .... [as (1) above]. (21) [Indictment of Sir Francis Clare, Knt., for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... present ant quod Franciscus Clare nuper de parochia Stl Dunstani Ie West Lond' Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... t ercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .. . . [formula as (1), p. 1J. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anna 11110 Regni Regis suprad' Franciscus Clare proclamat' est sec1.tnd'u m formam stat-ut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno IIIlo .... [as (1) above]. (22) [Indictment of Sir Mark Ive, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Marcus Ive nuper de par?chia sandi Dunstani Ie West Lond' Miles Qui primo die Januani Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (1), p.1]. Ad sess' tent' Xl째 die Julii anna 11110 Regn'i Regis Jacobi suprad' 1.11arcus b )e proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye 1\1' X Io die Julii anno IIUo .... [as (I) above].


22

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1606

(23) [Indictment of Richard Hatton for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Ricardus Hatton nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani in Ie West. London generosus Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (r), p. I]. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi s~tprad' Ricardus Hatton proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (I) above]. (24) [Indictment of Sir Edward Manfield, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Edwardus Manfeild nuper de parochia Stl Dunstani Ie West London Miles Qui primo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (1), p. 1J. Ad sess' tent' X1° die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Edwardus M anfeild proclamat' est secundum formam statut' etc.

[L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye M' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (1) above]. (25) [Indictment of Dorothy Spiller for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... presentant quod Dorothea Spiller uxor Henrici Spiller nuper de parochia Sancte Anne in Blackfriars Lond' generosus [sic] alias dicta Dorothea Spiller nuper de ead' spinster Que primo die J anuarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... tercio et Scotie tricesimo nono .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' primu diem Januarii .... [formula as (I), p. I]. Ad sess' tent X1° die Julii anno 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Dorothea Spiller proclamat' f~tit secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Hallidaye lVI' XIo die Julii anno UIIo .... [as (1) above].

(26)

[Indictment of Joan Prynce and twenty-nine other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Johanna Prynce de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon extra in suburb' London pred' Spinster alias Johanna Prynce uxor Jacobi Prynce de parochia et warda pred' Aurifabri, Magdelena Prynce de parochia et warda pred' vidua, Josephus Lovett de parochia et warda pred' yoman, Susanna Payne de parochia et warda pred' Spinster alias dicta Susanna Payne uxor Georgii Payne de parochia et warda pred' generosi, Anna Barton de paro-


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1606

23

chia et warda pred' vidua, Elizabeth' Roe de parochia et warda pred' Spinster, Matheus Reynoldes de parochia et warda pred' generosus, Katherina Reynolds de parochia et warda pred' Spinster alias Katherina Reynolds uxor dicti Mathei Reynolds, Franciscus Apletree de parochia et warda pred' yoman, Anna Turner de parochia et warda pred' vidua, Thomas '" orsley de parochia et warda pred' generosus, Thomas Hoord de parochia et warda pred' Armiger, Georgius Eaton de parochia et warda pred', Anna Lee de parochia Sancte Brigitte in warda pred' Spinster, J ana Weatherall de predict a parochia Sancte Brigitte in pred' warda de Farringdon extra Spinster alias Jana Weatherall uxor Jacobi Weatherall de pred' parochia Sancte Brigitte in pred' warda de Farringdon extra Bucklemaker, Alicia Butler alias dicta Alicia Edwardes de parochia Sancti Sepu1chri in warda pred' vidua, Parnella Davyes de pred' parochia Sancti Sepulchri in pred' warda de Farringdon extra Spinster, Elizabetha Garrett de pred' parochia Sancti Sepulchri in warda pred' vidua, Maria Teate de pred' parochia Sancti Sepu1chri in pred' warda dE! Farringdon extra Spinster alias Maria Teate uxor J ohannis Teate de pred' parochia Sancti Sepu1chri in warda pred' Tayler, Willelmus Hawkyns de parochia Sancti Martini iuxta Ludgate in warda pred' yoman, Johanna Etheyngham de pred' parochia Sancti Martini in pred' warda Spinster, Coilia Peacock de parochia Sancte Mildrede virginis in warda de Breadstrete London Spinster alias Coilia Peacock uxor Roberti Peacock de pred' parochia Sancte Mildrede virginis in pred' warda de Breadstrete London pred' mercatoris, Anna Bourne de parochia Sancti Stephani in Colmanstrete in warda de Colmanstrete London Spinster alias Anna Bourne uxor Georgii Bourne de pred' parochia Sancti Stephani in Colmanstrete in pred' warda de Colmanstrete London pred' generosi, Anthonius Wilnott de parochia Sancti Augustini in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' yom', Margareta Adamson de pred' paroch' Sancti Augustini in pred' warda de Farringdon infra London pred' Spinster, Henricus More de parochia sancti Benedicti in warda de Castlebaynerd London pred' Broderer, Carolus Gelibrand de parochia Sancti Buttolphi in warda de Billingsgate London pred' [ ],* Elizabeth' Geilibrand de pred' parochia sancti Buttolphi in pred' warda de Billingsgate London pred' Spinster alias Elizabeth' Gellibrand uxor pred' Caroli Geilibrand & Barbara Bilbrough de parochia Sancte Katherine Creechureh in warda de Algate London pred' Spinster alias Barbara Bilbrough uxor Rieardi Bilbrough de pred' parochia Sancte Katherine Creeehureh in pred' warda de Algate London pred' [ ] et Georgius Conwey de parochia Sancte Anne infra preeinctu' nuper fratru' predicator' vulgo voe' Ie Black Fryers iamdudu' dissolut' in pred' warda de Farringdon infra London pred' generos' qui primo die Aprilis annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' :\nglie .... quarto et Seotie XXXIXo .... ad aliquod tempus mfra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Aprilis •••• [formula as (6), p. 3].

*

* A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupatioD.


24

JAMES

I

JULY 1606

Ad sess' tent' Xl° die Julii Ao 11110 Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Johanna Prynce Magdalena Prynce Johannes Lovett Susanna Payne Anna Barton Elizabetha Roe Matheus Reynoldes Katherina Reynoldes Franciscus Appletree Anna Turner Thomas Worsley Thomas Hoord Georgius Eaton Anna Lee Jana Weatherall Alida Butler alias Alicia Edwardes Parnella Davyes Elizabeth' Garrett Maria Teate Willelmus Hawkyns Johanna Etheyngham Collia [continued on dorseJ Peacock Anna Bourne Anthonius Wilnott Margareta Adamson Henr' More Carolus Gellibrand Elizabeth' Gellibrand Barbara Bilbrough et Georgius Conwey proclamat' S1-me secundum formam statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera (Endorsed] Halliday Maior ' XIo die Julii anno IIIIo .... [as (I) above].

VII FILE FOR GENERAL SESSIONS OF OYER AND TERMINER, BEGINNING 19 FEBRUARY, 4 JAMES I (1606/7).* (I) [Indictment of Robert Drurye for priesthood.] IfC London ss. Jur' pro Domino Rege present ant quod Robertus Drurye nuper de London Clericus natus exist ens infra hoc regnu' Anglie videlicet in parochia Sancti Gregorii in warda de Castelbaynerde London pred' post festu' Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste Anno regni Domine Elizabeth' nuper Regine Anglie primo et ante undecimu' diem Februarii anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei defens' etc. quarto et Scotie quadragesimo apud Valiodoled' in Regno Hispanie

*

Files for the Sessions of 3 October, 1606, and 15 January, 1606/7 (the former re-strung; the latter broken) are extant, but contain no matter formally relating to Catholics. The Newgate calendars of these dates are missing. No records of the S.P. and G.D. Sessions of February, 1606/7, have survived. At the present Session of Oyer and Terminer there were only two trialsthose of Drury and Davies-and the little file contains, in addition to the five documents here transcribed, only three others, viz., two precepts of venire facias (for grand and petty jury), and another petty jury panel, identical with the one set out above-with the exception of the title which runs: "Jur' inter Dominum Regem quer' Et Willelmum Davyes nuper de London Clericu' defend'." The petty jury precept directs that the jurors be ordered to attend at the Old Bailey court-house (Justice Hall) "die Jovis scilicet xix o die instan' mensis Februarii ad hora' prima' post meridiem eiHsde'l'n diei." Apart from this, no additional information bearing on the history of the trials is given in any of the three unpubHsbed documents. IfC English translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 381. The authenticity of this indictment is unquestionable, but, curiously enough, the membrane appears to have been employed to indict another priest from Valladolid on a former occasion within the same year. The words" Robertus Drurye," "Gregorii in warda de Castelbaynerde," "undecimum," "Februarii," "undecimo," " Februarii," and the whole minute recording arraignment and sentence, have been written over erasures. Faint traces of writing are discernible where the skin has been rubbed, but its import is quite unintelligible. The practice of keeping in stock a number of indictment schedules with spaces left for filling in names and dates as the individual cases occurred was common enough, but it is without parallel in my experience to find a form which has been made to serve for two separate indictments, as is seemingly the case here. See frontispiece.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

r606/7

25

in partibus transmarinis authoritate derivata a Sede Romana factus et ordinatus fuit Sacerdos ac leges et statut' huius regni Ang!' minime ponderans nec penas in eisdem content' aliqualiter verens postea scilicet dicto undecimo die Februarii annis quarto et XLmo predicti~ apud London pred' videlicet in parochia et warda predictis felonice proditorie et ut proditor dicti domini Regis nunc fuit et remansit in contemptu' ipsius domini Regis nunc corone et dignitatis suar' necnon contra formam Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis'. Ad sess' tent' X1Xo die Februarii anno quarto Regni Regis jacobÂŁ suprad' Robertus Drury po se ve fa cul ca null' 1 deo ] ud' quod ad prisonam de de [sic] N ewgate unde venerat reducatur et quod abinde trahatur super claiam usque furcas de Tyborne et ibidem suspendatur per collu' et quod semivivens prosternatur et quod membra sua amputentur et quod corpus suu' in quatuor dividat'ur partes et quod membra et quarteria sua imponantur ubi dict~ts dominus Rex ea assignare voluerit etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Watts Maiore XIXo die Februarii Ao IIIIo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc recordu' per Simonem Sedgwik et soc' suos etc.

(2) [Indictment of William Davyes for priesthood.] London ss. Jur' pro Domino Rege present ant quod Willelmus Davyes nuper de London Clericus natus exist ens infra hoc regnu' Anglie videlicet in parochia Sancti Augustini in warda de Broadstrete London pred' post festu' N ativitatis Sancti J ohannis Baptiste anno Regni Domine Elizabeth' nuper Regine Anglie primo et ante octavu' diem N ovembr' anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei defensoris etc. quarto et Scotie quadragesimo apud Valiodoled' in regno Hispanie in partibus transmarinis authoritate derivat' a Sede Romana fact' et ordinat' fuit Sacerdos Ac leges et statut' huius regni Anglie minime ponderans nec penas in eisdem content' aliqualiter verens postea scilicet dicto octavo die Novembr' annis regni Dicti Domini nostri Jacobi Regis quarto et quadragesimo supradictis apud London pred' videlicet in parochia et warda pred' felonice proditorie et ut et ut [sic] proditor dicti domini Regis nunc fuit et remansit in contemptu' ipsius Domini Regis nunc coron' et dignit' suar' necnon contra formam statut' in huiusmodi casu [edit'] et provis' etc. Ad sess' tent' X1Xo die februarii anno 11110 Regni Regis jacob-i suprad' W illelmus Davyes po se ve' fa' c~tl' ca' mtll' 1 deo ] ud' quod ad prisonam de N ewgate unde venerat reducatur et quod abinde trahatur super claiam usque furcas de Tiborne et ibidem suspendatur per collu' et quod semivivens prosternat~tr et quod membra sua amputentur et quod corpus suu' in quatuor dividatur partes et quod corpus et quarteria sua ponantur ubi dictus dominus Rex ea assignare voluerit etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] vVatts Maior' XIXo die Februarii Ao UIIo .... [as (r) above].


26

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUAR-Y

1606/7

(3) [Grand Jury panel.] J ur' pro Domino Rege ad Inquirend' super Comiss' Audiend' & terminand' Simo Sedgwick - j ur' Ricardus Harryson - jttr' Johannes [? Acton] j'Vtr' Tho m' Hampton - jur' Willelmus Terrey - jur' Augustin' Soda - jU1? Johannes CoUe - j ur' Fabian Simpson - jur' Bartholomeus Graves - jur' Henr' Barker - j ur' Robertus Grome - j~tr' Philippus Sergeant - j'J,tr' Lionel Bennett - j ur'

(4) [Petty Jury panel.] J ur' inter Dominum Regem quer' Et Robertum Drurye nuper de London Clericu' defend' Henr' [? Orrell] ~ - j~tr' Willelmus Slack - jur' Nicholaus Mathewe - j1-f,r' Lactancius Rooper - j~tr' Humfridus Lownes - jur' Johannes Hichcok - j ur' Willelmus Salvin - j ur' Johannes Harrison J un' - l'ur' David Jones - jur' Nicholaus Wilson - jur' Willelmus Gonnell - l'z,tr' Owinus Davys - jur' Quilibet J ur' pred' per se attach' est per Johannem Doe & Ricardu' Roe (5) [Record of the Commission and Session.] ~ London ss. Inquisiciones capt' apud Ie Justicehall in Ie Olde Baillye in paroch' Sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra in suburb' London pred' die Jovis scilicet XIXo die Februarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Regis Angl' Franc' Hybemie quarto et Scotie XLmo coram Johanne \Vattes milite maiore Civitatis pred' Willelmo vVaad millte locu' tenen' Turris London Stephano Soame milite J ohanne [? Garrard] milite Thoma Bennett milite Leonardo Halliday milite Henrico Mountagu milite Henr' [ ] ยง Ricardo Wheler Matheo Dale Frandsco Morgan et Jacobo [? Walrend] Armigeris Justic' Domini Regis ad inquirend' per sacrament' probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitatis prediete et libertat' eiusdem per quos rei veritas melius scir' poterit et inquiri de quibuscunque prodic' mespric' prodic' insurreccionibus felon' murdr' homicid' interfeccionibus & aliis articulis in litteris paten' dicti Domini Regis eis et allis inde direct' specificat' infra civitatem pred' tam infra libertates quam extra perpetrat' sive commiss' Ac ad easdem prodic' mespricion' prodic' felon' murdr' homicid' & aI' articul' & offens' suprad' secund' legem et Consuetud' regni Dieti Domini Regis Angl' audiend' et terminand' assign' [Endorsed] Wattes Maior' Sess' oier & Terminer tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno IlIlo Regni Regis Jacobi 160611

*-

*

First letter of this surname doubtful. , Second letter of this surname doubtful. ~ The value of this document lies in the fact that it gives the fullest available list of justices commissioned for the trials of Drury and Davies. English translation in Appendix B, p. 381. ยง A hole occurs here in the parchment: probably three words missing. The document is much worn, being the ollter cover of the file. U I.e., 1606/7.


JAMES l

VIII

,SESSIONS FILE

27

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 21 MAY, 5 JAMES I (1607).* -

(1) [Ignored bill against Thomas Barham for recusancy.J ~ London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Thomas Barham nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne London Ar' Qui vicesimo die Decembr' Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quarto et Scotie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Decembr' .... [formula as (1), p. rJ. [L. margin] Ignoramus [Endorsed] Richard Browne:I:

(2) [Ignored bill against William Dorrell for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod vVillelmus Dorrell nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne London Ar' Qui vicesimo die Decembr' Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie . . .. quarto et Scotie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Decembr' .... [formula as (r), p. 1J. [L. margin] Ignoramus [Endorsed] Richard Browne (3)

[Ignored bill against William Chamberlayne, senior; for recusancy. ] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Willelmus Chamberlayne senr nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne London Ar' Qui vicesimo die Decembr' Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quarto et Scotie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Decembr' .... [formula as (1), p. I]. [L. margin] Ignoramus [Endorsed] Richard Browne (4) [Ignored bill against Katherine White for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Katerina White nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occidentali London vid' Que vicesimo die Decembr' Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie . . .. quarto et Scotie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Decembr' ...â&#x20AC;˘ [formula as (r), p. I]. [L. margin] Ignoramus [Endorsed] Richard Browne

*

The Newgate calendar for this Sessions has not survived. The records of the G.D. Sessions of 17 April, 1607, have disappeared. ~ This and the three following documents have been deliberately mutilated with the scissors-the usual treatment at this period in the case of ignored bills. =: Witness for the prosecution: so ~lso in the three ensuin.~ bill!1,


28

JAMES I

IX

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

1607

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 15 SEPTEMBER, 5 JAMES I (1607).*

(I) [Indictment of John Farmer for recusancy.] t London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege presentant quod Johannes Farmer nuper de parochia Sancti Sepukhri in London Generosus qui primo die Junii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibernie regis fidei Defensor' etc. quinto et Scocie quadragesimo fuit aetatis sexdecim annoru' et ultra non accessit Anglice did not repayre ecclesie sue parochiali pred' nec alicui alie ecclesie capelle aut usuali loco communis precationis et ibidem fuit tempore communis precationis ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii annis quinto et quadragesimo suprad' sed abstinuit ab eisdem Anglice hath forborne the same a pred' primo die J unii annis quinto et quadragesimo supradict' per pred' spatiu' pred' unius mensis extunc prox' sequen' contra formam divers' statut' in huiusmod' casu edit' et provis' Necnon contra pacem dicti domini Regis nunc coron' et dignitat' suas etc. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [Subsequent memorandum] I I .4. 1605.:: Transmittitur Tenor istius Recordi Termino Sancti Michaelis anna V to Regni Regis Jacobi in Bane' Domini Regis virtute brevis de certior' extra eundem [ ] ยง dat' XXVlllo

*

The records of the G.D. Sessions of 26 June and 17 August, 1607, are not extant. Attached to the present file (September) is a Newgate calendar, in a subsection of which, entitled Reprivat' ad meHus inquirend'," occur, 'inter alia, the following entries (see Introd., p. xxvii): sine ball' Gabriel Pryce sine ball' Carolus Kneret [? or KnevetJ sine ball' Margareta Browne sine ball' Matheus Wenham sine ball' Elizabeth' Mor .... [illegible]. , In this and subsequent indictments for recusancy a change is noticeable in the latter part of the formula. The mention of the two statutes, I and 23 Elizabeth, now gives place to the phrase contra formam diversorum statutorum," in which is probably included a reference also to the two recent enactments against Popish Recusants, 3 James I, cap. 4 and 5. :: The last figure-5-of this date has been written over an erasure, but it is an obvious error. Probably 1607 (i.e., 1607/8) is intended. The date, which in MS. is separated by a stroke of the pen from what follows, appears to be simply that on which the memorandum was written, and, unlike other notes of this kind, to be unconnected with the sense of the remainder. I suggest the following translation as probably giving the correct meaning of the whole memorandum: " II January 1605/6 [? VC1'C 1607/8J. In the Michaelmas term of the 5 th year of the reign of King James, the tenor of this record is transmitted into the Lord King's Bench by virtue of a writ of certiorari issuing from the same [? Bench bearing] date the 28 th day of November in the year aforesaid, returnable there on the morrow of the Purification of blessed Mary the Virgin" [i.e., 3 Feb., 1607/8]. ยง Two words are erased here in MS.: probably "Bancum gerentis," which are superfluous and frequently omitted in other notes of this kind . It

It


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

1607

29

die N ovembr' anna pred' r' ibidem, in Crastino Purijicaci01tis beate Marie virginis. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Willelmum White et soc' suos etc. Ricardus Browne* (2) [Indictment of Lady Mary Tresham for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Domina Maria Tresham nuper de paroch' sancti Sepu1chri London vidua que primo die Junii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto et Scocie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii .... [formula as (I) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto .... [as (r) above]. Richard brown (3) [Indictment of Susanna Watson for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Susanna Watson nuper de parochia sanci' Dunstani in oriental' London vidua que primo die Junii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie . . .. quinto et Scocie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii ...â&#x20AC;˘ [formula as (I) above]. ProcZamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto .... [as (1) above]. Ricardus Browne

(4) [Indictment of Thomas Barham for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Thomas Barham nuper de paroch' Sanct' Andree in Holborne in London Armiger qui primo die Junii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto et Scocie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii .... [formula as (1) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto .... [as (1) above]. Ricardus Browne (5) [Indictment of Henry Dorrell for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Henricus Dorrell nuper de parochia sanct' Andree in Holborne London Armiger qui primo die Junii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gr'J.' Anglie

* Witness for the prosecution.


30

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

i607

quinto et Scocie quadragesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens em prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii .... [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundwyl't forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto .... [as (r) above]. Ricardus Browne (6) [Indictment of John Lutley for recusancy.] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Johannes Lutley de parochia Sancti Sepulchri London generosus alias dictus Johannes LutIey de Bromcroft* in Com' Salopp' generos' qui primo die Junii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem J unii .... contra forma' et tenorem diversor' Statutor' in .... [formula as (r) above]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wattes M' XV die Septembr' anno quinto .... [as (r) above]. X

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 2 OCTOBER, 5 JAMES I (r607).~

[Indictment of Oswald Needham for saying Mass and of thirty other persons for being present at the same.]:I: London ss. J uratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Oswaldus Needham nuper de London Clericus vicesimo nona die Junii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie francie et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. quinto et Scotie quadragesimo apud London videlicet in parochia Ecclesie Christi in warda de farringdon infra London pred' voluntarie dixit et celebravit un' missam contra formam cuiusdam statut' in parliamento nuper Domine nostre Elizabethe Regine tent' apud Westmonaster' in Com' Midd' Anno regni sui XXIIItio in hoc casu edit' et provis' et contra pacem dicti Domini Regis caron' et dignitat' suas Et quod Willelmus Davis nuper de London clericus Hugo Whittoft nuper de London clericus Johannes Copley nuper de London clericus Johannes Hedley nuper de London yoman Nathanael Chisworth nuper de london Scissor Johannes Cutler nuper de london yoman Alexander Seaton nuper de london gener' Roland Walker nuper de london Taylor Edmond Harrington nuper de london gener' Ricardus Barrett nuper de london gener' Ingram Martin nuper de london yornan Isaack Milles nuper de london yoman Henricus Jones nuper de london yoman Thomas Windsore nuper de london gener' Willelmus Cropley nuper de london -yornan Richardus Parker nuper de london yoman

*â&#x20AC;˘ This Broncroft . file has been re-strung at a later date.

~ There must therefore be some doubt as to its completeness. No Newgate calendar is attached. ~ English translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 382.


SESSIONS FILE

JAMES I

OCTOBER

1607

31

Edwardus Garrett nuper de london yomal1 GeOl-gius Conwey nuper de london yoman Franciscus Harris nuper de london Clothworker Maria Graye nuper de london Spinster Maria Smith nuper de london Spinster Jana Woodfall nuper de london spinster alias Jana Woodfall uxor Willelmi Woodfall nuper de london Taylor Magdalena BIage nuper de london Spinster alias Magdalena BIage uxor Jobannis BIage nuper de london Taylor Anna Dowce nuper de london vidua Maria Bradshaw nuper de london spinster Anna Powell nuper de london Spinster Johanna Whopper nuper de london Spinster Maria King nuper de london Spinster Helena Jones nuper de london Spinster ac Anna Foster nuper de london Spinster alias diet' Anna Foster uxor [ ] Foster nuper de london [ ] ~ dieto vicesimo nono die Junii annis quinto et XLo supradiet' apud london pred' in paroch' et warda pred' interfuer' presentes tempore diete celebrationis missae pred' ac eand' missam sic ut prefertur dietam adtunc et ibidem voluntarie audiver' contra formam statut' pred' ac contra pacem dieti Domini Regis nunc coron' et dignitat' suas etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera Ad sess' tent' lIdo die Octobr' annis [sic] regni Domini nostri I acobi quinto supradicti Iohannes Cutler Rolandus Walker Ricardus Barrett Maria Bradshawe Anna Powell Ricardus Parker I ohan1~a Whopper Maria King Helena lanes lana Woodfall Magdalena Blague et Anna Dowce ~ separatim po se ve' fa' omnes cul' Ideo Iud' quod ipsi et quilibet eor' per se committatur prisone dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate pred' ibidem reman end' . per spaciu' unius an1~i integri ex nunc prox' sequen' Ac quod solvat ad usum dicti Domini Regis [continued on dorse of document] Centu' Marcas legalis monete Angl' occacione omniu/ separal' transgr' et contempt' in indictament' [? content' et speC'ificat'] secundum formam statut' in eo casu edit' et provis' etc. [Endorsed] Watts Maior' 11° die Oetobr' Ao vto Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc recordu' per J ohannem Melton et soc' suos etc. per testimoniu' Georgii Cotham Francisci Harris et [? J ohannis Abbott]. [Subsequent memorandum on dorse] IS. die Decembr' annis Regni Regis Domini Regis I acobi qttinto et XLlo i1'lfrascript' transmittitur tenor istius record' coram Laurenci' Tanfeild milite Capitale Barone Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis apttd Serieants I nne in Chauncerye lane London virtute brevis Dicti Domini Regis de Certiorar' extra Scaccariu' pred' [? r' comm] eadem la1tr' Tanfeild milite hoc instan' XVo die Decembris Ao quinto predicto.

*

* Space left in MS. for Christian name. ~

Space left in MS. for word indicating status or occupation. ; I~ would seem certain that the other persons whose names appear in the mdictment above were not arrested_ Had they pleaded" guilty" (or been found" not guilty"), their names, with the note cognoverunt iadictamentum (or non culpabiles), would have occurred in this minute.:-in accordance with invariable usage.


32

JAMES I

XI

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

r607/8

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING r9 JANUARY,S JAMES I (r607/8).*

[Indictment of Barkley Gardiner for priesthood.] London ss. Jur' pro Domino Rege present ant quod Barkleus Gardiner nuper de London clericus natus exist ens infra hoc regnu' Anglie videlicet in parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon extra in suburb' London post festum Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste anna regni Domine nostre Elizabeth' nuper Regine Anglie primo et ante decimum septimum diem Septembris anna regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie Franc' et Hybernie Regis fidei Defensoris etc. quinto et Scotie quadragesimo primo apud Romam in partitibus [sic] transmarinis factus et ordinatus fuit Sacerdos authoritate derivata a Sede Romana ac leges et statut' huius regni Anglie minime ponderans nec penas in eisdem content' aliqualiter verens postea scilicet dicto decimo die t Septembr' annis regni Dicti Domini Regis nunc Anglie Franc' et Hybernie quinto et Scotie quadragesimo primo supradictis apud London pred' videlicet in parochia et warda pred' felonice proditorie et ut proditor dicti Domini Regis nunc fuit et remansit in contemptu' ipsius Domini Regis nunc coron' et dignitatem suas necnon contra formam Statuti in huiusmodi casu edit' ac provis' etc.:: [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Rowe Maior' XIXo die Januarii anno quinto Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc recordu' per Timotheu' Challon et sodos suos etc. XII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 22 FEBRUARY, 5 JAMES I {1607/8}. ยง

(r) [Indictment of John Skynner for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Johannes Skynner nuper de parochia Sancte Bride alias Brigitte in warda de Farringdon extra London generosus qui primo die Novembris anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto ac Scotie quadragesimo primo .... ad aliquod tempus infra spatiu' triu' mensiu' prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (r), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit secundu' formam statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Wm Edwards testis Rowe Maior' XXIIo die Febr' anno Vto Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Thomam Thwayts et soc' suos etc.

*

The file for the G.D. Sessions of 2 December, 1607, is missing. The present :file (of 19 January) has been broken some time in the past and, since only two indictments remain, is probably very incomplete. The Newgate calendar is not extant. , Sic in MS. for " decimo septimo die." ~ No minute touching further proceedings appears. Its absence may be taken as indicating that there was no trial upon this indictment. ยง No Newgate calendar is attached to this file.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

r607/8

33

(2) [Indictment of George Mallett and Giles Webbe for recusancy.J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Georgius Mallett nuper de paroch' Sancti Sepu1chri London Ar' & Egidius Webbe nuper de eadem paroch' Ar' qui vicesimo die Novembris Anno"regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto et Scotie quadragesimo primo fuer' et uterque eor' fuit etatis sexdecim annor' et ultra non accesser' .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Novembris .... sed abstinuer' ab eisdem Anglice have forborne the same .... [rest of formula as (r), p. 28J.

Proclamat' fuer' secundu' forma' statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Charles Grimston testis Rowe M' XXIIdo die Febr' anno vto Regni Regis Jacobi .... [as (r) above]. (3) [Indictment of Nicholas Tymperley and John Coffyn for recusancy. J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Nicholaus Tymperley nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occidente London Ar' et Johannes Coffyn nuper de eadem paroch' Ar' qui vicesimo die Novembris anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto et Scotie quadragesimo primo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (2) aboveJ.

Proclamat' fuer' secundum statztt' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Charles Grimston testis Rowe M' XXII do die Febr' anno vto .... [as (r) above]. (4) [Indictment of Anthony Bedingfield and ten other persons for recusancy.J London SSe J ur' .... presentant quod Anthonius Bedingfeild nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident ali London Ar' Henricus Atkinson nuper de eadem Ar' Georgius Poulton nuper de eadem gener' Johannes Crippes nuper de eadem gener' Thomas Ryder nuper de ead' gener' Johannes Lewes nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne Ar' Johannes Maynes* nuper de ead' gener' Willelmus Jenyson nuper de ead' gener' Thomas Aryndon nuper de ead' gener' Maria Aryndon nuper de ead' vid' et Dorothea Brokesby nuper de ead' vid' qui primo die Decembr' anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... quinto et Scotie quadragesimo primo existent' etatis XVI annor' et amplius non accesserunt nec eor' aliquis accessit .... ad aliquod tempus infra duos menses proxim' sequen' dictu' primu' diem Decembr' ... . [remainder of formula as (r), p. 28J.

Proclamat' fi.(..er' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Richard Brown test-is Rowe Maior' XXIIdo die Febr' anno vto .â&#x20AC;˘.. [as (r) above].

c

* Last letter of this surname doubtful.


'34

JAMES I

XIII

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1608

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 20 JUNE, 6 JAMES I (1608).*

[Indictment of Edward Eston for recusancy.]' London S5. Jur' .... presentant quod Edwardus Eston nuper de parochia sancti Sepulcbri in warda de Farringdon [ ]= 'Mardi anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie ~ ... quinto .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses .... [fonllula as (I), p.28].

Proclamat' fuit secundum formam [statut' etc.]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Rowe M' XXo die Junii annis Vlo [ ] ยง Morgan et soc' suos etc. XIV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 12 SEPTEMBER, 6 JAMES I (1608).11

[Indictment of John Cotterington and seven other persons for recusancy.] ~ London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Johannes Cotterington nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occident a' London gener' Robertus Barnes nuper de eadem paroch' gener' Jacobus Parkyns nuper de eadem paroch' Ar' Edwardus Cotterington nuper de eadem paroch' gener' Thomas Cotterington nuper de eadem paroch' gener' Paulus Alexander nuper de eadem paroch' gener' Georgius Gare* nuper de eadem paroch' gener' et Thomas Dewell nuper de eadem paroch' generoc' Qui primo die J unii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo primo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Junii .... [formula as (4), p. 33].

*

*

The great Newgate Gaol Delivery Register (preserved at Middlesex . Guildhall, Westminster) begins with the sixth regnal year of James I, and from it 'we learn the date of every sessions held at the Old Bailey from this time until the end of the Protectorate. I t ".ill therefore enable us to ascertain henceforward the dates of all missing files. The London files for the preceding G.D. Sessions of 8 April and I I May have disappeared. The present file (20 June) is broken and therefore possibly incomplete: only nine indictments remain. ~ Half of this document has been torn away. The remaining fragment, however, proves that it ".-as once an indictment against one person for recusancy, and preserves enough of the original for the whole to be reconstructed -with the exception of the status or occupation of Edward Eston and the day of March from which his three months' recusancy was counted. This date must have been some time between I and 20 March (cf. date of Sessions). ยง Christian name of the foreman of the grand jury illegible. U The file for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 27 July is missing. The present file (12 September) has been broken and is therefore possibly incomplete: the Newgate calendar is not extant. ~ Part of the left side of this document (which would have contained the note" Billa Vera") has been torn away. The names and other material facts of the indictment are, however, complete. Second letter of this surname doubtful: possibly" Gore."

=

**


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

1608

35

Proclamati fuer' secundum forma' stat¡ut' etc. [Endorsed] Rowe Maior' XIIo die Septembris anno VIa Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Thomam Edney et soc' saos etc. Evidenc' Johannes Whithead XV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING I DECEMBER, 6 JAMES I (r608).*

(r)

[Indictment of Robert Townesend and two other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Robertus Townesend nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne London in Com' Midd' Anniger Thomas Townesend filius eius nuper de ead' parochia generosus et Maria Hankey nuper de eadem parochia Spinster Qui decimo die Maii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem Maii .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamati fu,er' secundum formam statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Kenelm Collyn et soc' suos etc. Testis Jhon Bingham (2) [Indictment of Edward Gage and three other persons for recusancy.] London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod Edwardus Gage nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne London in Com' Midd' Armiger Jana Lyngen nuper de eadem parochia Spinster Willelmus Monnington nuper de eadem parochia generos' [Anthonius Skynner nuper de eadem parochia Armiger scored] ~ et Simo Wacke nuper de eadem parochia generos' Qui decimo dieMaii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo primo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem Maii .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statui' etc. [Subsequent memorandum] ~ 10 die Januarii anna VIa Regni Regis Jacobi allocat r breve de certiorari extra Bane' r' ibidem in octabis saneti HiUarii prox' futur'

. * The file for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 7 October is missing.

~ome recognizances for the Sessions of the Peace of 29 November exist, but

mclude no documents formally relating to Catholics. The Newgate calendar for the present Sessions (December) is missing. ~ The deletion implies, probably, that the bill was ignored in Skynner's case. ~ Ang.: "On the 10th day of January in the 6 th year of the reign of King James. a writ of certiorari is allowed, issuing from [King's] Bench, returnable there m the octave of St Hilary next following; by virtue of which writ the te~or of this record is transmitted into [King's] Bench aforesaid in the aforesaid octave of Saint Hilary, etc., for the aforesaid Edward Gage only etc."


36

SESSIONS FILE

JAMES I

DEC~MBER

1608

Vi1't~{,te

cuius quidem brevis t1'ansmittit'ur tenor isti'us recordi in bane' pred' in octabis sancti Hillarii pred' etc. pro predicto Edwardo Gage tantu' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Jhon Bingham (3) [Indictment of Roger Blunt and twenty-six other persons for recusancy.] London 5S. Jur' .... present ant quod Rogerus Blunt nuper .de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London gener' Thomas Blunt nuper de eadem gener' Elizabeth Guatkin nuper de eadem vid' Katerina Harper nuper de eadem vid' Andreas Munden alias Sheppard et Johanna uxor eius nuper de eadem Dorothie Elton nuper de eadem gener' Johannes Pewteres nuper de eadem yom an Thomas Pewteres nuper de eadem yom' Thomas GuilliIl nuper de eadem gener' Willelmus Bifford' Ricardus Stockton nuper de eadem yom' Franciscus Hyett gener' Johannes Lancaster alias Gryffyth gener' Henricus Rawley gener' Julian' uxor eius Thomas J ancey Johannes Kemble Anna uxor eius Thomas Saice gener' Walterus Saice Elizabeth' uxor eius Sara Friser Spinster Thomas John James Willelmus [sic] Monington Anna uxor eius [Johannes Carpenter yom' scored]:I: Edwardus Clarke nuper de eadem yoman et Martha uxor eius Qui vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] , Weld Maior' Primo die decembris amlO VIc .... [as (I) above]. Testis Jhon Bingham [4) [Indictment of John Vaughan and fourteen other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Johannes Vaughan et Anna uxor eius nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London gener' Walter Vaughan gener' Willelmus Unett ยง gener' Ellenora uxor eius Anthonius Harper gener' Maria uxor eius Johannes Smyth gener' Willelmus Lutley yeoman Johannes Crofte gener' Michael Vaughan gener' Ricardus Wittingslowe alias Capper yom' Willelmus Barbar Willelmus Watkyns et Ricardus Deynton nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne pred' yoman Qui

*

*, The Sic in MS. for Dorotheus.' contraction of this and the following entries is due to lack of space I

on a stock indictment form. :I: The deletion implies, probably, that the bill was ignored in Carpenter's case. ยง ? or Vuett.' The contraction of this and other entries is due to lack of space on a stock indictment form. I


JAMES l:

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1608

vicesimo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. . Proclamat' juer' secundum j01'ma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anna VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Jhon Bingham (5)

[Indictment of Everingham Cressey and thirteen other persons for recusancy.]

London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Everingham Cressey nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident ali London Armiger Richardus Stapleton de parochia pred' London pred' Armiger Willelmus Ive nuper de parochia pred' London pred' generosus Edwardus Rookewood nuper de parochia pred' London pred' Ar' Thomas Walton nuper de parochia pred' London pred' Armiger Katherina Poole nuper de parochia pred' London pred' vidua Robertus Barnes nuper de parochia pred' London pred' Armiger Georgius Peckham nuper de parochia pred' London pred' Armiger Robertus Ayer de parochia pred' London pred' Armiger Henricus Bagshaw nuper de parochia pred' London pred' generosus Nicholaus Bagshawe nuper de parochia pred' London pred' generosus Edwardus Faulcett nuper de parochia pred' London pred' generos' Marmaducus Haslewood nuper de parochia pred' London pred~ generosus Thomas Crewe nuper de parochia pred' London pred~ generos' qui XXXlo die Augusti annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamat' juer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Richard Browne (6)

[Indictment of William Lloyd, jun., and seventeen other persons for recusancy.]

London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Willelmus Lloyd iunior nuper de parochia Sancti Dunstani in occiden" London generosus Thomas Pearce n~per de paroch' pred' generos' Margareta Bellases nuper de paroch' pred' vidua Florencia Reynes nuper de paroch' pred' vidua Cassandra Stone nuper de paroch' pred' vidua Thomas Smythe nuper de paroch' pred' generos' Ursula Smythe nuper de paroeh' pred' spinster Dorothea Smythe nuper de paroeh' pred' SI?inster Riehardus Horton nuper de paroeh' pred' yeoman Humfndus Foster nuper de paroeh' pred yeoman et Willelmus Milward nuper de paroch' pred' generos' Martinus Metcalf nuper de paroch'


38

SESSIONS FILE

JAMES I

DECEMBER

r608

pred' generosus Thomas Metcalf nuper de paroch' pred' yornan Georgius Robynson nuper de paroch' pred' yoman Johannes Wells nuper de paroch' pred' yoman et Vlillelmus Chalfant nuper de paroch' pred' generos' Galfridus Poole de paroch' pred' generosus Nicholaus Thornton nuper de paroch' pred' Armiger qui XXXIo die Augusti annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anna VIo .... [as (r) above]. Testis Richard Browne (7)

[Indictment of William Thompson and two other persons for recusancy.J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Willelmus Thompson nuper de parocbia sancti Dunstani in occident ali in Warda de Farringdon extra London generosus alias dictus Willelmus Thompson de Nowsall* in Com' Staff' generosus Anthonius Fearne de parochia et warda pred' generosus alias dictus Anthonius Fearne de Civitate Oxon' generosus et Willelmus Bustard de parochia et warda pred' generosus alias dictus Vlillelmus Bustard de Atherby ~ in Com' Oxon' generosus qui tricesimo primo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33J¡ Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (r) above]. Testis Richard Browne (8)

[Indictment of George Bushope and two other persons for recusancy.] London 5S. Jur' .... presentant quod Georgius Bushope nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in occident ali in Warda de Farringdon ext a London Generosus alias dictus Georgius Bushope de Brayles in Com' Warr' generosus Thomas Greeneham nuper pe parochia et Warda predictis Generosus alias dictus Thomas Greeneham de Brailes pred' Generosus et Paulus Sherley de parochia et warda pred' yoman alias dictus Paulus Sherley de Truemanheathe ~ in pred' Com' Warr' yoman qui tricesimo primo die Augusti Anno regno Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo Secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33J¡

* Gnowsall.

~

? Adderbury.

= Location not ascertained .


JAMES I

DECEMBER

SESSIONS FILE

1608

39

Proclamat' {uer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIo .. : . [as (1) above]. Testis Richard Browne (9)

[Indictment of Martin Metcalf and three other persons for recusancy. ] London SSe Jur' .... presentant quod Martinus Metcalf nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in occidentali in Warda de Farringdon extra London Generosus alias dictus Martinus Metcalf de Hoode * in Com' Ebor' Generosus Thomas Metcalf de parochia et Warda pred' generos' alias dictus Thomas Metcalf de Underweston cliffe' in pred' Com' Ebor' Generosus Georgius Robinson nuper de parochia et Warda pred' yoman alias dictus Georgius Robinson de Hemsley:: in Com' Ebor' predict' yoman et Johannes Wells de parochia et Warda predict' yoman alias dictus Johannes Wells de Marton in Hoidernes in dicto Com' Ebor' yoman qui tricesimo primo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLlI o •••• ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33].

Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIo .... [as (1) above]. Testis Richard Browne (ro)

[Indictment of Ralph Crake and three other persons for recusancy.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Radulfus Crake nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in occidentali in Warda de Farringdon extra London Armiger alias dictus Radulfus Crake de Marton in Ie Would§ in Com' Ebor' Armiger Rogerus Conyers nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani pred' in Warda pred' Doctor [in] medicinis alias dictus Rogerus Conyers de HuttonB in Com' Ebor' Doctor in medicinis Radulfus Craswell de parochia et Warda pred' Generosus alias dictus Radulfus Craswell de Nonkellinge~ in Com' Ebor' Generosus et Robertus Thorpe de parochia et warda pred' Generosus alias dictus Robertus Thorpe de Thorpgarthe in Holdernes* in Com' Ebor' Generosus qui tricesimo primo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti ...• [formula as (4), P·33J·

*

*, ?Hood Grange, Kilburn, N.R. Whitestone. := Helmsley.

§ Marton (in parish of Sowerby).

H Hutton Conyers. ~

**

-Nunkeeling. Location not ascertained.


40

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1608

Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut etc. [Subsequent memorandum] it' vÂŁde ordinem cur' 10 Julii Ao VIlo Regni Regis Jacobi pro pred' Radulfo Crake it' vide al' ordinem c~tr' 6 Septembr' Anno pred' pro pred' Radulfo Craswell [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Richard Browne

*

[Indictment of Owen Shopley and two other persons for recusancy.] London Jur' .... present ant quod Owinus Shopley nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in occident ali in Warda de Farringdon extra Lond' Generosus alias dictus Owinus Shopley de Rowell ~ in Com' Northampt' Generosus Robertus Jefferson nuper de parochia et warda predict' yoman alias dictus Robertus Jefferson de Hickson ~ in Com' N orthumbr' yoman et Johannes Horne nuper de parochia et Warda pred' yoman alias dictus Johannes Horne de Hickson pred' yoman qui tricesimo primo die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIo . . .. ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Proclamat' fuer' secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Richard Browne (II)

(12) [Indictment of Edward Spratt for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Edwardus Spratt nuper de parochia Sanct' Dunstani in occiden' London generosus qui XXX 1° die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (I), p. 28]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' Primo die decembris anno VIa .... [as (I) above]. Testis Richard Browne

* Ang.: "item:

See an order of the court of 10 July, in the 7th year of the reign of King James, for the aforesaid Ralph Crake. item. See another order of the court of 6 September, in the aforesaid year, for the aforesaid Ralph Craswell." These orders were doubtless recorded under their respective dates in the Sessions Books, now lost. , Rothwell. =: ? Hexham.


JAMES I

XVI

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1608/9

41

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING II JANUARY, 6 JAMES I (1608/9)¡*

(I) [Indictment of Hugh Speake for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... presentant quod Hugo Speake nuper de parochia sancti dunstani in Occiden' London generosus qui primo die decembris annis regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Angl' .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem decembris .... [formula as (I), p. 28]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XIo die Januarii anna VIo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Thoma' Hill et soc' suos etc.

(2)

[Indictment of Sir (? Alexander) Barlowe, Knt., and two other persons for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... presentant quod Alexus [sic] Barlowe nuper de parochia sancti Dunstani in Occident all in Warda de Farringdon [ ] ~'f4 London miles, Thomas Birch nuper de Warda et parochia pred' gener', et Edwardus Bradshawe nuper de parochia et warda pred' mercer, Qui primo die Augusti Ao regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Ang!' .... sexto et Scotie Quadragesimo secundo fuerunt [? separatim] etat' sexdecim annor' et ultra .... aut usuall loco communis precacionis et ibidem morat' fuer' tempore communis precacionis ad aliquod tempus infra quinque menses tunc prox' sequentes .... Contra formam divers or' Statut' pro uniformitat' communis precacionis edit' et provisor' Ac in contempt' dicti Domini Regis nunc Coronam et dignitatem suas etc. [rest of formula as (4), p. 33].

*

This file has been re-strung at a later date; its completeness is therefore doubtful. Among the indictments occurs the earliest extant inquisition-postmortem on a London prisoner. The inquest was taken on 26 December, 1608, at Newgate gaol on the body of one Walter Grosvener alias Gravener. The cause of his imprisonment is not stated. This person is not to be identified with a priest of the same name (C.R.S., xxx, 48), who was in Newgate in 1616 (Downside Review, Jan., 1932, p. 163; May, 1927, p. 196, and Jan., 192 7, p. 61). The following extract from this document gives all the available details of his death: " .... Juratores .... dicunt super sacramentum suu' quod pred' vValterus Grosvener alias Gravener per spaciu' decem dier' ante capcionem huius Inquisicionis infra gaol' pred' de quadam infirmitat' vocat' a pynninge sicknesse languebat Et de eadem infirmitate vicesimo quinto die dicti mens' Decembris A~o regni dicti domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' nunc regis Angl' Francie et ~I1bernie fidei defensor' etc. sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo suprad' ill gaol' pred' scit' in paroch' Christi Ecc1esie in warda de Farringdon infra Lo?don ~;ed' idem Walterus Grossvenor alias Gravener ex visitacione divina obut .. .. The document is signed by Thomas Wilbraham, Coroner of the City of London. ~ One word erased in MS. but has been omitted.

The word extra should have been substituted ,


42

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1608/9

P,oclamati fuer' secundum forma' Stat~'t' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XIo die Januarii anno VIo .... [as (1) above]. (3)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions: in sub-section entitled " Repr' ad melius inquirend' "*; inter alia] sine ball' r' 'f it' Owinus Browne sine ball' " it' Marcus Broughton:t sine ball' r' it' Tho' Sleepe

XVII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 16 FEBRUARY, 6 JAMES I (1608/9). ยง

[Indictment of Trincola Katherine Smythe alias Garrett for recusancy. ] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Trincola Katherina Smythe alias Trincola Katherina Garrett nuper de paroch' Sanct' Katherine Colman London vid' que tricesimo primo die Augusti annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIdo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' tricesimu' primu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (I), p.28J. P,oclamata f~tit secundum formam statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XVIo die Februarii anno VIo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc recordu' per Arthur' Strangweys et socios suos etc. (I)

(2) [Indictment of Humphrey Berrye for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Humfridus Berrye nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holbome in warda de Farringdon extra Lond' pred' generos' Qui decimo die Octobr' Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie XLIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem Octobris .... [formula as (1), p. 28]. Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XVlo die Februarii am10 VIo .... [as (1) above].

* Ang.:

"Remanded for further inquiry."

Cj. Int rod., p. xxvi.

'f Ang.: "He is remanded without bail."

=Mark Broughton (vere Crowder) was a Benedictine. Cf. C.R.S., xxxiii, Browne and Sleepe (whose entries adjoin Broughton's in the calendar)

206-7.

were recusants whose names appear elsewhere in these records. The fact that their names occur in this sub-section indicates that all three had been committed to Newgate some time before the preceding Sessions (December). Cf. Introd., p. xxvi. ยง This file has been re-strung and must be a mere fragment of the original. Only four indictments remain .


SESSIONS FILE

JAMES I

FEBRUARY

1608/9

43

(3) [Indictment of Sir Francis Lovell, Knt., for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Franciscus Lovell nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri ,London miles alias dictus Frandscus Lovell nuper de East Harling in Comitat' Norff' miles qui prime die Novembris annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et .Scotie XLIlo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres .menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Novembris [formula as (1), p. 28J. . Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XVIo die Februarii anno VIa .... [as (1) .above]. (4)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions: in sub-section entitled " [Repr' scored] ad melius inquirend' "; inter alia] Owinus Browne sine r''''' Marcus Broughton { Thomas Slepe:r:

*

XVIII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 31 MAY, 7 JAMES I (160 9). §

(I) [Indictment of Maurice Buckland for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Mauridus Buckland nuper de paroch' Sancti Sepulchri London generos' alias dictus Mauricius Buckland nuper de Standlinche' in com' Wiltes' generos' qui primo die Aprilis annis regni DomiJ:1i nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem· Aprilis .... statut' in huiusmodi casu nuper edit' et provis' .... [formula as (1), p. 28J. . Proclamat' fuit secundum forma' statut' etc. [L. mc;trginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] vVeld Maior' XXXI dieMaii Anno VIlo Regni Regis Jacobi infertur hoc record' per Laur' Evans et sodos suos etc. Thomas Harris Testis

*

The reason for this deletion I am unable to ex plain. The title sometimes appears without repr', but its absence would seem to make no difference t o t he significance of the title . ..,. Ang.: "They are remanded without [bail]." :I: The fact that these three names are bracketed together in MS. suggests that there was some connection between their several offences. In this sub-section of the calendar occur also, inter alia, the following entries:

sine r'

{~~:~l~S :!a~~sCk

[? or Baddock]

§ The files for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 29 March and 28 April are missing. The present file (May) has been re-strung and is therefore not certainly entire. I t contains twenty-eight indictment'S. II Standlynch.


44

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

1609

*

(2) [Indictment of Richard Dybdale for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Ricardus Dybdale nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne London yoman alias dictus Ricardus Dybdale nuper de Chillington in Com' Staff' yom' Qui primo die Marcii Anno Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' predictum primu' diem Mardi .... [formula as (r), p. 28J. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XXXI dieMaii Anno VIlo .... [as (I) aboveJ. Thomas Gunns Testis (3) [Indictment of William Hill for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Willelmus Hill nuper de paroch' sancti Andree in Holborne London gener' alias dictus Willelmus Hill de Chillington in Com' Staff' generosus, Qui primo die Marcii Anno Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... sexto et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' predictum primu' diem Mardi [formula as (I), p. 28J. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Weld Maior' XXXI dieMaii Anno VIlo .... [as (r) above]. Thomas Gunns Testis (4) [Indictment of Cecilia Turbervell for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Cidlia Turbervell nuper de parochia sancti Sepu1chri in warda de Farringdon extra London vidua alias dicta Cicilia Turbervell de Le Scarre' in Com' Glamorgan vidua que primo die Aprilis Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie quadragesimo secundo · ... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Aprilis .... statut' in huiusmodi casu nuper edit' et provis' .... [formula as (1), p. 28]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Weld Maior' XXXI dieMaii anno VIlo .... [as (I) above]. PaUericke Commings Testis (5) [Indictment of Edmund Morley for recusancy.J London ss. J uratores .. :. presentant quod Edmundus Morley nuper de paroch' sancti Sepu1chri London generosus alias dictus Edmundus Morley nuper de Holme in com' Lincoln' generos' qui primo die Aprilis annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie · . .. septimo et Scotie quadragesimo secundo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens em prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Aprilis · ... [formula as (I), p. 28J.

*

This and the two following indictments bear no minutes recording proclamation or other proceedings. It is practically certain, therefore, that these persons were not proclaimed. , Location not ascertained .


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

r609

45

Ad sess' tent' XXXla die J.Vfaii anno Vllo Regni Regis Jacobi suprad' Edmundus M orley proclamat' fuit secundum f orma' statuti etc. V ide Billa Vera per J ur' subscripta Billa Vera ';Veld Maior' [Endorsed] XXXI die Maii anna VIla .... [as (r) above]. (6) [Newgate calendar for this Sessions: in sub-section entitled 4t Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' "; inter alia] sine ball' Marcus Broughton sine baU' Thomas Sleepe

*

XIX

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 22 MARCH, 7 JAMES I (r609/ro).'

(r) [Indictment of William Fytter for recusancy.] ~ London ss. J uratores present ant pro Domino Rege quod Willelmus Fytter nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London yoman qui sexto die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibemie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. septimo et Scotie quadragesimo tertio fuit ultra etatem sexdecim Annoru' eodem sexto die Augusti Annis supradictis non accessit ad ecclesiam parochialem sancti Andree predicti nec ad aliquam aliam ecclesiam, Capellam, seu usualem locu' communis precacionis Sed eodem sexto die Augusti Annis supradictis et semper postea per spatiu' quinque mensiu' integr' extunc prox' sequen' obstinate et voluntarie absque causa rationabili abstinuit ab eisdem Anglice hath forborne the same contra formam statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' ac in manifestu' contempt' dicti Domini Regis et legu' suar' etc. proclamat' secundum f01 mam Statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] XXIIa die Marcii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIla infert r hoc record' per J ohannem Skynner et socios suos etc. [Test Jis Rich' Griffith (2) [Indictment of William Watson for recusancy.J London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Willelmus Watson nuper de parochia sancte Fidis [? infra] london generosus qui septimo die Januarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' 1

*

A ng.: "See below for ' Billa Vera ' written by the Jury." A reference to the then unusual position of this annotation, at the foot of the document. , The files for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 10 July, 6 September, 6 October, 6 December, 17 January, and 16 February are missing. A restrung file for the G.D . of 9 August. 1609. exists, but contains no matter appe~ining to Catholics as such. The present file (22 March) is broken and Is.a mere fragment of the original (six indictments remain), but nineteen other l~dictments belonging to this Sessions (none of Catholic interest) have been discovered strung ,'lith the records of the Sessions of 17 April, 1618on a file of odd documents of various dates, apparently constructed sometime after 1699. The Newgate calendar for March, 1609/JO, is missing. The formula of this and the following indictment is considerably br~efer t~an that usually employed for recusancy under James 1. However, thIS modification is of no material significance.

=


46

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH

r609/ro

Anglie .... septimo et Scocie quadragesimo terc' fuit etatis sexdecim annor' et ultra eodem septimo die J anuarii Annis supradictis aut ad aliquod tempus postea per spaciu' duor' mensiu' integror' non accessit ad ecc1esiam parochialem saL'cte Fidis pred' in Warda de Farringdon infra london nec ad aliquam al' ecc1esiam capella' aut usualem locu' communis precacionis Sed eodem septimo die Januarii anno supradicto et semper postea per spaciu' predictor' duor' mensiu' extunc prox' sequen' obstinate et voluntarie [as (r) above]. N ondu' capt' pro clam' fuit secundum formam statut' etc. [Subsequent memorandum] Ad Session' tent' vicesimo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Octavo predictus W illelmus Watson comparuit de Recordo et intul' certijicator' de sua Conformitate sub sigillo officii officialis Domini A rchini [sic] London super quo ac etiam quia pat' de Recordo quod ad Session' hic tent' sexto die Decembris ult' preterit' pred'ictus Willelmus Watson prestitd sacramentum allegiancie Ideo exoneratl' per Cur' de hoc indictamento et ordinatI' q~tOd null' process' emanebit vers' eu' superinde etc. ~ [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] XXIIo die Marcii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIo .... [as (r) above]. Testis Edmond Brown Edmundus Browne [sic]:t

*

XX

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 24 MAY, 8 JAMES I (r6ro). ยง

(r)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Roland Reynoldes to answer and of John May to give evidence.] London ss. Memorand' quod octavo dieMaii anno Regni Regis

*

I .e.. " not y et taken." This note, nondwn captus (the equivalent of cxlra=" at large "), is occasionally to be found on indictments for felony , but seems wholly unnecessary here, for neither the arrest of the recusant nor bis presence at the sessions was requisite for the due execution of the statutes (cj. Introd., p, xlii). Nor does it seem likely, in view of the memorandum which follows in the bill, that Vvatson was" wanted" on a different and more serious charge. The note is probably due to carelessless. ~ Ang.: "At the Session held on the twentieth day of April in the eighth y ear of the reign of King James the aforesaid William Watson appeared of record and produced a certificate of his conformity under the seal of office of the Official of the Lord Archdeacon of London, upon which, and also because it appears upon record that at the Session held here on the sixth day of December last past the aforesaid William 'W atson took the oath of allegiance, he is therefore discharged by the Court of this indictment, and it is ordered that no process shall issue against him on this charge etc." Although the term Archini bears no contraction mark in MS., it is nevertheless most probably an abbreviated form of Aychidiaconi (Archdeacon). The" Official" was the name given to the Church Lawyer who assisted the Archdeacon of London in executing the jurisdiction of the Archdeacon's Court, otherwise called the Court of the Arches (from the Church of St. Mary Ie Bow, where it formerly sat). The Official was judge of that court. Jacob, Law Dict. :t Indictments temp. James I are often thus endorsed with the name of the witness both in English and in Latin. Cf. Introd., p. xxxvii. ยง The file for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 20 April is missing. The Newgate calendar for the present Sessions (May) has, among entries


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

r6ro

47

Jacobi octavo Roland ¡ Reynoldes de parochia sancti Sepulchri extra Newgate in suburb' London haberd' venit coram Thoma Camb~ll mil' maiore civi tts London ac un' J ustic' etc. et recogn' se deb ere Domino Regi XXli' legal' etc. sol' etc. sub condicione quod si pred' Rolandus Reynoldes personalr comparebit coram Justic' etc. ad prox' sessionem gaole deliberac' pro civite London tenend' ad respondend' ad ea omnia etc. et abinde non recesserit etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. Capt' coram Domino Maiore For lodging of papists Comparuit et exonr in his house & abusing the Constable John May

*

Com'

Md' quod die et ann' pred' Johannes May de paroch' supradict'

scriptor venit coram pred' Thoma Cambell mil' Maiore etc. ac un' Justic' etc. et recogn' se debere Domino Regi Xli' legal' etc. sub condicione quod si pred' Johannes May personalr Comparebit coram Justie' etc. ad prox' Sess' gaole Deliberac' pro Civite London tenend' ad dand' evidenc' versus pred' Roland' Reynoldes concernen' ea dicta etc. et abinde etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. Capt' coram domino Maiore

Comparuit et ded t evidenc" [Lower left margin] May

(2)

[Indictment of Thomas Peacock and twenty-one other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Thomas Peacock nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London Apothecary, et Elizabetha Peacock uxor dicti Thomae, Jacobus Leak nuper de parochia et warda pred' yeoman, WaIterus Spenser nuper de parochia et warda pred' generosus, et Francisca Spenser uxor dicti Walteri, Robertus Jones nuper de parochia et warda pred' generosus, et Dorothea Jones uxor dieti Roberti, Thomas Stephenson nuper de parochia et warda pred' alias Thomas Boys nuper de parochia et warda pred' scrivener, Willelmus Greene nuper de parochia et warda pred' generosus, et Benneta Greene uxor dicti Willelmi, Willelmus Martin nuper de parochia et warda pred' haberdasher, et Maria Martin uxor dicti Willelmi, Helenora Browne uxor ¡ Willelmi Browne nuper de parochia et warda pred' glover, ~Tillelmus Leake nuper de parochia et warda pred' generosus, & [? Jana]:t Leake uxor dicti Willelmi, Johanna Petty nuper de parochia et warda pred' spinster, Elizabetha Garrat nuper de parochia et warda pred' vidua, Nicholaus Pilgrime nuper de added to the calendar by the cierk of the court (cJ. Introd., p. xxv), the following: repl'i' Elizabetha \Vright Ang.: "He appeared and is discharged ." , At~g.: "He appeared and gave evidence." ; Christian name almost obliterated in MS.

*


48

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY 1610

parochia et warda pred' yeoman, et Margareta Pilgrime uxor dicti Nicholai, Thomas Davies nuper de parochia et warda pred' script or, Pernella Davyes nuper de parochia et warda pred' spinster, Gregorius Gunn nuper de parochia et warda pred' yeoman, Qui XXvto die Augusti annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie quadragesimo tertio .... ad aliquod tempus infra un' mensem sequent' pred' XXVm diem Augusti .... [formula as (4). p. 33]¡ Omnes isti proclamat' fuer' secundum formam statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ XXIIIIo dieMaii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIlo infertur hoc record' per Petru' Camborne et socios suos etc. (3) [Indictment of Philip Robinson and fifteen other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. J uratores .... present ant quod Philippus Robinson nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in warda Farringdon extra London generosus, et Maria Robinson uxor dicti Philippi, Johanna Varney uxor Francisci Varney nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred' generos', Elizabetha Fisher uxor Jacobi Fisher nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred' Taylor, Elizabetha Potvin nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred' spinster, Evangelistus Constantine nuper de parochia Sanct' Anne et Agnes [sicJ in warda de Aldrichgate* London pred' extraneus, Edwardus Greene nuper de parochia Sancti Albani in warda de Cripplegate London pred' Tyremaker, Maria Osborne nuper de parochia Sancte Brigide alias Bride in warda de Farringdon extra London pred', Johannes Reate nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred' Bricklayer, Margeria Baylis uxor Thome Baylis nuper de parochia Sancti Martini in warda de Vintry London pred' Dyer, Ivy Pottinger nuper de parochia Sancte Mildrede in warda de Bredstreete London pred' vidua, Anna Ridley nuper de parochia Sancti Sepu1chri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' spinster, Petrus John nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred' yeom' et Editha John uxor dicti Petri, Isabella Beale nuper de parochia et warda pred' London pred', David Bowter nuper de parochia Sancte Anne in warda de Farringdon infra London pred', Boulemaker, Qui vicesimo die Februarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie quadragesimo tertia .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens em prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Februarii .... [fonnula as (4), p. 33J. Omnes isti proclam' fuer' secundum formam statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] XXIIIIo dieMaii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo [as (2) aboveJ. (4) [Indictment of James Prince and forty-three other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Jacobus Prince nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London Aurifaber, Barbara

* I.e., Aldersgate.


JAMES I

SESSIONS :FILE

MAY

r6ro

49

Hutton de paroeh' pred' London pred' vidua, Rosa Hamond nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' Spinster, Brigitta Yates nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' spinster, Alicia Plunkett uxor Oliveri Plunkett nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' cutler, Johanna Varney uxor Francisei Varney nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' gener', Drago Lovett nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' Aurifaber, et Elizabetha Lovett uxor dicti Dragonis, Riehardus Lovett nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' yeoman, Willelmus Baxter nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' yeoman, Owinus Browne nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' Aurifaber, Thomisina Hide nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' spinster, Edwardus Lee nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' Laborer, et Anna Lee uxor dicti Edwardi, Jocosa Day nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' vidua, Lioneilus Tichbome nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' gener', et Anna Tiehborne uxor dieti Lionelli, Alexander Hambleton nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' gener', et Franeisea Hambleton uxor dicti Alexandri, Anna [? Edon] nuper de paroeh, pred' London pred' spinster, Maria Nelson nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' spinster, Willelmus Tallis nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred' gener', Rieardus Walters nuper de paroehia Sancte Resp1' Anne Blaekfriers, London, yeoman, Maria Hawley' nuper de paroehia Sancti Augustini vidua, Wentlyona Giles de paroehia pred' London pred' vidua, Benneta Preston uxor Christopheri Preston nuper de paroehia Alhallowes in Ie muro London gener', Bridgetta Fitzwilliams uxor Johannis Fitzwilliams nuper de paroeh' pred' London pred', Margareta Teat nuper de paroehia Allhallowes Barking London vidua, Susanna Riehinson nuper de parochia Sancti Benneti London pred' vidua, Anna Udall nuper de paroehia sancte Bride alias Brigette London vid' Henrieus Wise nuper de paroehia pred' London pred' weaver, Johannes Dixon nuper de paroehia pred' London pred' yeoman, J ana Wetherell uxor [ ]~ Wetherell nuper de parochia pred' London pred' Bugletmaker, Christopherus Askwith nuper de parochia de Christchurch London Jerkinmaker et Anna Askwith uxor dicti Christopheri, Thomas Morley nuper de paroehia Sancte Catherine Creeehureh London Aurifaber, Barbara Bilberey uxor Rieardi Bilberey nuper de paroch' pred' London pred' yeoman, [ J§ de la Faile nuper de paroehia Sancti Georgii London stranger, Johannes Hams nuper de paroehia Sancte · Marie Aldermanburie . silkweaver, [ ]§ Peacock uxor Roberti Peacock nuper de paroehia sancte Mildrede Merchant, Willelmus Wrench nuper de paroehia sancti Martini [?] II Bookbinder, et Margareta Wrench uxor dicti Willelmi, Petrus

*

* The last two letters of this surname are doubtful. , The name Maria Hawley is underlined in MS. and the word Respr (It she is respited ") written above . . ; A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. § Christian name illegible. This document is badly rubbed. II One word illegible in MS.

D


50

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

I610

*

Wilkinson nuper de parochia sancti Michaelis [?] yeoman, Willelmus J eudy nuper de parochia sandi Stephani London Clothworker Qui XXo die Novembris annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie quadragesimo tertio . . .. ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' vicesimu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Omnes isti proclamat' fuer' secundum formam statuti etc. [L .. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] XXIIIIo dieMaii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VlIIo [as (2) aboveJ. XXI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 5 DECEMBER, 8 JAMES I (I610).'

(I) [Indictment of Parnel Towerson for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Parnell Towerson nuper de paroch' de Fanchurch:I: in warda Langborne London vidua que primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie XLIIIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Octobris .... [formula as (I), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VlIIo infertr hoc Record' per Radulfum Edmonds et socios suos etc. Edmund' Browne t Tho' Gurley Anth' Dun J gener' ยง (2) [Indictment of Elizabeth Carradyne for recusancy.]H Juratbres .... presentant quod Elizabetha Carradyne nuper de parochia sandi Bartholomei magni in ward' de Farringdon extra London vid' Que primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie Quadragesimo quarto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens' prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Octobris .... [formula as (I), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit sec~tndum formam statut' ctc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIlo .... [as (I) aboveJ. Edmund' Browne }ThO' Gurley Anth' Dun gener'

*14 The Illegible in MS., but space for two words. files for the preceding G.D. Sessions of 3 July, 4 September, and 5 October are missing. That of 7 August (without its Newgate calendar) exists, but yields no matter formally relating to Catholics. The Newgate calendar for the present Sessions (December, 1610) is not extant. :I: I.e., St. Gabriel Fenchurch. ยง Witnesses for the prosecution. The significance of the bracket in this and following endorsements is not clear. II The introductory words London ss. are missing from this document, but there is no reason to doubt that it is a London indictment.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1610

51

(3) [Indictment of Hubert Hacon for recusancy.J London SSe Juratores .... presentant quod Hubertus Hacon nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in )'Varda de Farringdon extra London armiger qui primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie XLIIIIto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Octobris .... [formula as (1), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit secundum formam statut' etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Quinto die Decembe Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo [as (I) above]. Edmund' Browne }ThO' Gurley Anth' Dun gener' (4) [Indictment of Jane Leeke for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... present ant quod Jana Leeke nuper de parochia sancte Bridgitte in warda de Farringdon extra London vid' Que primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Scotie quadragesimo quarto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Octobris .... [ formula as (I), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit secundum formam statut' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VlIIo [as (I) above]. Edmund' Browne }ThO' Gurley Anth' Dun gener' Ed: Browne Anthony Dunne [sicJ

*

(5) [Indictment of Elizabeth Waferer for recusancy.] London SSe Juratores .... present ant quod Elizabetha Waferer nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occidental' in warda de Farringdon extra London vidua que primo die Novembris AnI).is regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie ...â&#x20AC;˘ Septimo et Scotie XLlIItio .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens em prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (I), p. 28]. Proclamat' fuit secundum formam statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIlo .... [as (I) above]. Wm Nelthrop (6)

[Indictment of Edward Price for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] , LO!ldon SSe Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Edwardu~ Pnce. nuper de London generosus Septimo die Decembris Annis Regm Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibenlie

* Cj. Introd., p. xxxvii.

, English translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 383.


52

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1610

Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Octavo et Scotie XLIIIIto fuit etatis decem et octo Annor' et ultra apud London vizt apud Justicehall scit' in Ie old BayIy* in paroch' sancti Sepulchri extra Newgate in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' in plena generali Sessione gaole deliberacionis adtunc et ibidem tent.' pro Civi tc London pred' coram Willelmo Craven milite Maior' Civit' London pred' Henrico Mountagu milite Recordatore eiusdem Civit' Stephano Soame milite Henrico Rowe milite Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad gaolam de Newgate de prison' in eadem existen' deliberand' et aliis Justiciar' Gaole [DeliberacionisJ' pred' et Justiciar' pacis eiusdem Civit' iidem Justiciar' adtunc et ibidem requisiver' predictum Edwardum Price capere et pronuntiare super sacrosancto dei Evangelio quoddam Juramentu' content' et specificat' in Actu Parliamenti dicti Domini Regis tent' apud Westm' Anno Regni sui tertio intitulat' an Acte for the better discoveringe & repressinge:t of Popish Recusants Et quod idem Edwardus Price obstinate adtunc et ibidem scilicet in dicta plena generali session' gaole deliberacionis penitus recusavit capere iuramentu' illud sic ut prefertr eidem Edwardo Price per prefat' Justiciar' in dicta plena generali session' gaole deliberacionis oblat' in contempt' dicti domini Regis nunc Iegumque suar' Ac § contra formam Statuti in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' ac contra pacem dicti domini Regis etc.l [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIlo .... [as (I) above]. (7)

[Indictment of George Muscott for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Georgius Muscott nuper de London generosus Septimo die Decembris Annis Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie Quadragesimo quarto .... apud Justicehall scituat' et existen' in Ie old Bayly .... coram Willelmo Craven millte Maior' Civit' London pred' Georgio Episcopo London Henrico Mountagu mil' Recordatore London~ Francisco Darcy Milite Thoma Fowler Milite, et Roberto Leigh Milite Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad gaolam de Newgate

*, The words apud Jttsti celtall .... Bayly are interlined in MS. Omitted in MS . :I: The words & repressinge are interlined in MS. § The words in contempt' .... stJ-ar' Ac are interlined in MS. \I No minute recording conviction and sentence or any further pro· ceedings appears on this or on any of the five following indictments. It may therefore be assumed that proceedings were stayed on this occasion. Since, however, all these persons (except Lambert Kyrkham) appear in the list of prisoners in Newgate in February, 16II/12, as convicted for this offence (see infra in text, p. 68), they must have been again indicted (and convicted) some time in the period December, 1610-February, 16II/IZ. These second indictments have not been found, but were possibly on the file for either 8 Mayor 26 July, 16II, of which two sessions all records have disappeared. ~ The words Henrico Mountagu .... London are interlined in MS.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1610

53

de prison' in eadem existen' deliberand' assign' et aliis .... [formula as (6) above]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIllo · ... [as (1) above]. (8)

[Indictment of Lambert Kyrkham for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Lambertus Kyrkham nuper de London Generosus Septimo die Decembris Annis Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie Quadragesirno quarto .... [formula as (7) above]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIllo · ... [as (r) above]. (9)

[Indictment of Edward Kinsman for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Edwardus Kinsman nuper de London generosus Septimo die Decembris Annis Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Scotie XLIIIIo .... [formula as (7) above]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo · ... [as (r) above]. (ro)

[Indictment of Thomas Aprece for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores .... presentant quod Thomas Aprece l1uper de London generosus Septimo die Decembris Annis Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et XLIIIIo .... [formula as (7) above]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo · ... [as (r) above]. [Indictment of Henry Dorrell for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. J uratores .... presentant quod Henricus Dorrell nuper de London generosus Septimo Die Decembris Annis Regni Do~ini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie quadragesmlO quarto ...• [formula as (7) above]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo · ... [as (r) above]. (II)

(r2)

[Indictment of Christopher Garnett and forty-eight other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Juratores .•.. present ant quod Christoferus Garnett nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon extra London generosus et Johanna uxor eius Anna Hutchenson


54

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1610

uxor Henrici Hutchenson nuper* de parochia et warda predictis London Cutler Johannes Adams nuper de paroch' et warda predictis Cutler Willelmus Champney nuper de paroch' et warda predict is yeoman if Elizabetha Moodey uxor Georgii Moody de parochia et warda predictis Taylor Fardinando Emerson nuper:: de parochia et warda predict is Cutler et Johanna uxor eius Willelmus Mathew nuper:I: de parochia et warda predictis Cutler et Helena uxor eius Johannes Blake alias Blague nuper de parochia et warda predict is Taylor et Magdalena uxor eius Suzanna Saule uxor Edwini Saule nuper de parochia et warda predictis generosi \Villelmus Woodfale nuper de paroch' et warda predictis Taylor et Jana uxor eius § 'Villelmus Cooke nuper de parochia et warda .predictis generosus et [ JII uxor eius Elizabetha Everidge nuper de parochia et warda predictis spynster Katherina Parker nuper de parochia et warda predictis spynster Henricus Newby nuper de parochia et warda predictis Taylor Thomas Knight nuper de parochia et warda predictis Scrivener et Johanna uxor eius Georgius Matchett nuper de parochia et warda predictis yeoman Thomas Fletcher nuper de parochia et warda predictis Glasier et Agnes uxor eius Thomas Turbatt nuper de parochia et warda predictis yeoman Thomas Hayward de paroch' et ward' predictis Cutler et Maria uxor,-[ eius Anna Dowce nuper de parochia et warda predict is vidua Franciscus Hatton nuper de parochia et warda predictis shoemaker Willelmus Bissicke nuper de parochia et warda predictis yeoman Johannes Coe nuper de parochia et warda predictis StaJ uxor eius Johanna Strange uxor Thome Strange tioner et [ nuper de parochia et warda predict is Taylor Anna Cuddington nuper de parochia et warda predictis vid' Margareta Battes nuper de parochia et warda predictis spynster Johanna Gressame' , uxor Ricardi Gressame nuper de parochia et warda predictis [ J:I: :I: Hippon nuper de parochia et warda ·predictis vid' Anthonius Skynner nuper de parochia et warda predictis gener' Willelmus Eveson nuper de parochia et warda predict is gener' et Maria uxor Robinson uxorllH eius§ § Johannes Robinson nuper de parochia Sancte Anne- in Ie

**

* The word nuper is interlined in MS. " The two entries Johannes Adams .... Willeln1tts Champney .... yeoman are interlined in MS. :I: The word nuper is interlined in MS. § The words Willelmus Woodfale .... et Jana uxor eius are interlined in MS. n A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. ,-[ The words Thomas Hayward .... et Maria uxor eius are interlined in MS. A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. , , The surname Gressame is interlined in MS. :I: :I: A space is left here in MS. for words indicating the status or occupation of Richard Gressame and the Christian name of the widow Rippon. § § The words et Maria uxor eius are interlined in MS. "II The words Robinson uxor are interlined thus in MS. over de paro&hia.

**


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1610

55

Blackfryers in ward' de Farringdon infra London generos' Albanus Greene nuper de paroch' sancti Albani in Woodstreete in ward' Criplegate London generosus* Jana Wetherall uxor Jacobi Wetherall de paroch' Sancte Bridgitte in ward' de Farringdon extra London generosi Maria Osmond nuper de paroch' et ward' ult' predictis Spynster Henricus Wyse nuper de parochia et ward ult' predictis Textor et Cicilia uxor eius Johannes Denavare de parochia et ward' ult' predictis alieniginus qui primo die Novembris Annis Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie XLII lIto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mens em prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (4), p. 33J. Proclam' fuer' secundum formam statut' etc. [Subsequent memorandum] 3 . 8 . 1614 certificatr tenor istius indictamenti pro dicto Anthonio Skynner gener' tantu' et Conv£ccionis eius virtute brevis de certior' extra Bancu' Regis r' ibidem indilate etc.' [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Quinto die Decembr' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo .... [as (1) above]. My Lrd Bishop of London his Certificate:I: XXII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEW GATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 16 JANUARY, 8 JAMES I (1610/11). § (1) [Indictment of Henry Cowper for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Henricus Cowper nuper de London yoman qui decimo sexto die Januarii Annis regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Scotie XLIIIIto .... apud J usticehall scii' et existen' in Ie Old Bayly .•.. in plena generali Sessione Gaole deliberacionis . . .. coram Willelmo Craven milite Maiore Civit' pred' Henrico Mountagu milite Recordatore eiusdem Civit' Stephano Soame Milite et Thoma Bennett Millte Justiciar' Dicti Domini Regis ad Gaolam de N ewgate de prison' in ea existen' deliberand' et allis Justiciar' Deliberacionis Gaole pred' et Justiciar' pacis eiusdem Civit' Iidem Justiciar' adtunc et ibidem requisiver' .... [formula as (6), p. 51J. Ad Session' tent' XVlo Die Januarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi

*, The word generosus is interlined MS. Ang.: "On 3 May, the tenor of this indictment, for the said in

1614,

Anthony Skynner, gentleman, only, and of his conviction, is certified [into King's Bench] by virtue of a writ of certiorari issuing from King's Bench, returnable there without delay etc." :I: The note indicates that the Bishop's certificate of the recusancy of the persons named in this bill was the evidence upon which the Grand Jury declared the bill r true.' § The Newgate calendar for this Sessions contains, inter alia, the following entries added by the clerk of the court at the foot of the document: Repr' sine ball' Robertus Bowmar Rep1" sine ball' Roland Mackeney {ThO' Crowch [blan k] Jeremias Gellebrand


56

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY 1610/11

Vlllo pred' Henr' Cowper Cogn' Indictament' Ideo i'Udicium quod idem H em'icus erit amodo in futur' extra proteccionem Domini Regis Et omnia terr' et tenementd bon' et catall' sua Dicto Domino Regi sint forisfact' Ac quod imprisonament' Corporis sui subeat ad vol'u,ntat' eiusdem Domini Regis etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(2)

[Indictment of Henry Hesketh for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Henricus Hesketh nuper de London yom an qui decimo sexto die J anuarii Annis regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Scotie XLII lIto .... [fonnula as (1) above]. Ad Session' tent' XVlo die Januarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Vlllo pred' Henr' Hesketh Cogn' Indictament' Ideo iudicium q~tod idem H enric~ts erit amodo in futur' extra proteccionem Domini Regis Et omnia terr' et tenementa bon' et catall' sua dicto Domino Regi sint forisfact' Ac quod imprisonament' Corporis sui subeat ad voluntat' eiusdem Domini Regis etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (3) [Warrant.] , Mr Langley Wheras Henry Hesketh gent' prisoner in Newgate stands Indited and Convicted upon a premunire. This bearer desyres a coppy of the said Inditemt . The well I think fitt you doe deliver him Midle Temple this XVI lIth of Nov. 1611 To Mr Langley Townclerk yr Loveinge frend of London~ H. Mountagu: (4)

[Indictment of Sir William Wiseman, Knt., and sixteen other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Willelmus Wiseman nuper de London, Miles, Anna Clarke nuper de London vidua, Hugo Holland nuper de London generos' , Josephus Lovett nuper de London Aur', Johanna Allen nuper de London spinster, Johannes Leysteed nuper de London Apothecar', Alicia Soldye nuper de London spinster, Maria Wyn nuper de London spinster, Johannes

*

Ang.: "At the Session held on the 16 th day of January in the 8 th year of the reign of King James, the aforesaid Henry Cowper confesses the indictment [i.e., pleads" guilty "]. Therefore judgment [is given] that the same Henry shall henceforth for the future be without the protection of the Lord the King; and that all his lands and tenements, goods and chattels be forfeited to the said Lord the King; and that he suffer the imprisonment of his body during the pleasure of the same Lord the King etc." It is curious that neither the name of Henry Cowper nor that of Henry Hesketh (see following indictment in text) appears in the current Newgate calendar. , Written on paper (all, apparently, in the hand of Henry Mountagu) and stitched to the preceding indictment against Henry Hesketh. ~ Actually William Sebright was Town Clerk 1574-1613. Richard Langley was appointed his Deputy on 2 May, 1609. Cf. Introd., p. xviii.


JAMES I

JANUARY

SESSIONS FILE

1610/1I

57

Denavare nuper de London Cutler, Cicilia uxor Henr' Wise nuper de London yom an , Suzanna uxor Georgii Oliver nuper de London yoman, Willelmus Spencer nuper de London yom an et Elizabetha uxor eius, Beatrix Goodyer spinster, ,Johannes Beale nuper de London yoman, Sara Richardson nuper de London vidua, J ana Griffith uxor Edwardi Griffith nuper de London yoman qui Decimo Die Novembr' Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie .... Octavo et Scotie XLIIIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' predictu' Decimu' diem Novembr' .... [formula as (4), p. 33J¡ Proclamat' fuer' secundum form' Statut' etc. [EndorsedJ Billa Vera per Certific' ac put' [sicJ etc.

*

XXnI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 14 FEBRUARY, 8 JAMES I (1610/11). ~

(r) [Indictment of Susanna and Frances Richardson for recusancy.J London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Susanna Richardson nuper de parochia Sancti Benedicti prope Paules Wharfe London vidua et Francisca Richardson nuper de eadem parochia spinster que primo die Februarii anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... septimo et Scotie XLIIIo fuer' et utraque ear' fuit etatis sexdecim annor' et ultra non accesser' et ear' utraque non accessit .... ad aliquod tempus infra duodecim menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Februarii annis septimo et XLlIIo suprad' .... [rest of formula as (1), p. 28J. Ad sess' tent' XIIIIo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi V 111° proclamacio facta fuit secundum formam statuti etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Rycard Worthington = Craven Maior' xnuo Feb' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Octavo inferV hoc record' per Ricardu' Betts et socios suos. (2) [Indictment of Thomas Bagshawe for recusancy.J London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Thomas Bagshawe nuper de parochia Sancti Andree in Holborne London Ar' Qui primo die Novembris Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' AngUe .... octavo et Scotie quadragesimo quarto .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Novembris .... [formula as (1), p. 28J.

*

The meaning of these words is obscure: possibly" by certificate and presentment etc." This would indicate that a certificate of the recusancy of the persons named in the indictment was delivered (probably by some ecclesiastical authority: cJ. endorsement of document (12), p. 55) to the grand jury at this Sessions, whereupon the said jurors made their" presentment" of these offences to the court, which presentment was then reduced t o the form of the indictment given in the text. Cf. Jacob, Law Dictionary, S.v. " Presentment." . If This file contains no recognizances. = Witness for the prosecution.


58

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY I610/J1

Extractr etc.* Ad sess' tent' Xllllo die Febr'Uarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi V 1110 proclamacio facta fu# secund~f,m formam statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Rychard Browne' Craven Maior' XIIIIo Feb' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Octavo .... [as (1) above].

[Newgate Calendar for this Sessions ~: in sub-section headed " Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' ยง; inter alia.] vVillelmus Jennyson Repr sine ball'lI Indict r

(3)

11

*

Ang.: "It is estreated etc." This note, added subsequently to the document, implies that since Thomas Bagshawe failed to appear at the following Sessions (March) in obedience to the proclamation, the record of his conviction as a "popish recusant" is estreated into the Exchequer. (For the course of proceedings against recusants see Introd ., p. xlii.) Had he duly appeared and pleaded to his indictment, the fact would have been noted on this document. , Witness for the prosecution. :: In the upper section of tIlis calendar (which is entitled " London ss. 1610 " and endorsed" Februarii ") occurs, inter alia, the following entry: Repr sine ball' Thomas Caldwell [alias Cadewell sco1'ed] duct' gaole pred' 2/5 [i.e., 2 February, 1610/II] per Tho' Benyon Comiss' ad mandat' Thome Fleming I'm' Domini Capitalem [sic] J ustic' Anglie ยง In this sub-section occur also (inter aha): Repr it' Anna Rippey Repr sine ball' it' Anna Taylor H This entry, wlllch occurs on the dorse of the calendar, requires some explanation. William Jennyson was tried, not at the G.D. Sessions, but at a General Session of Oyer and Terminer beginning on the same day (14. February, 1610/II) as the former (cf. the minute on his indictment which follows in text), and at the same place-Justice Hall, Old Bailey. With regard to the two marginal notes in tllis entry: (a) Indict r (" he is indicted "). Jennyson had actually been indicted-i.e., the True Bill had been found against him-at the Sessions of 4 September, 1610 (cf. endorsement of his indictment in text); his trial upon it was postponed till the present date, 14 February. One would therefore expect in this calendar a marginal note referring to the trial, in place of indicta;ur. It was at this period, however, the custom of clerks of the court to write indictatur opposite the names of persons who were tried at the current sessions-with reference to the whole process (of indictment a.nd trial), even where the offender was actually indicted at an earlier Sessions. No such note was made until he was brought up for trial, and then never anything but indictatur. (b) Repr sine ball' (" He is remanded without bail"). Notwithstanding the fact that J ennyson was acquitted of the charge in this indictment (cf. minute on the following document in text), he was apparently sent back to gaol. There must therefore have been another charge against him already. Tllls we may assume was llls refusal of the oath of allegiance (see his name among those convicted for this offence in the list of prisoners dated February, 16II/12; inf1'a, p. 68). J ennyson, therefore, on the evidence of these records, was in gaol probably from September, 1610 (certainly from 22 October: cf. warrant, infra, p. 60, which implies his imprisonment), until February, 1612/13 (cf. third list of prisoners, p. 86). The indictment upon wlllch he was convicted for refusing the oath is not extant, but the proceedings connected therewith must have taken place after February, 1610jII (for no one while suffering the penalty for one offence could be tried for another), probably at the Sessions either of Mayor of July, whose records alone are missing in the period February, 1610/11, to


JAMES I

XXIV

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY r6rO/rI

59

RECORDS OF GENERAL SESSIONS OF OYER AND TERMINER, BEGINNING 14 FEBRUARY, 8 JAMES I (r610/Ir).*

[Indictment of William Jennyson ' for being seduced from the King's Obedience and reconciled to the See of Rome.]' London ss. Jur' present' pro Domino Rege quod Willelmus Jennyson nuper de London Ar' ut fa:lsus proditor cont' illustrissimu' et Christianissimu' principem dominum nostrum Jacobu' dei gra' Angl' Scocie Franc' et Hibernie regem fIdei defensorem etc. supremu' et natural' Dominum suu' timorem dei in corde suo non habens nec debit' legianc' sue ponderans sed instigacione diabolic a seduct' primo die Septembr' Anno regni dicti domini Jacobi regis nunc Anglie Franc' et Hibemie quarto et Scocie quadragesimo apud london in paroch' beate Marie de Arcub' in Warda de Cheape lonq.on per quendam [ ]:r: Roberts sacerdot' pretendent' se habere potestat' absoluend' subdit' ipsius domini Regis ab eor' naturali legienc' erga dictum dominum Regem vel eos retrahend' pro ea intencione a religiQne per auctoritat' domine Elizabeth' nuper Regine Anglie infra hoc regnu' Anglie stabilit' ad romanam religion em voluntarie et proditorie , persuasus et retract' fuit a religione per auctoritat' dicte nuper Regine infra dominia sua sexto die J anuarii Anno regni dicte nuper Regine vicesimo tercio et antea stabilit' ad romanam religion em intencione seipsum retrahend' ab obedienc' sua naturali erga dictum dominum Regem et adtunc et ibidem voluntarie et proditorie reconciliat' fuit et promisit obedienc' suam auctoritati sedis romane cont' formam statut' ยง in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' et Cont' pacem dicti domini Regis nunc etc. Ad sess' De oier et tel'miner tent' Xllffo Die Februarii Anno (I)

February, 16IIj12, The mere refusal of the oath (i ,e., before conviction for the same) was sufficient cause for his being imprisoned" without bail" for any length of time, Cf. Introd., p. xxvi. In this case, the oath, I take it, was first tendered and refused some time before February, 1610jII, probably on the day of his arrest.

*

The extant records relating to this Sessions form a small bundle of three unfiled documents, all touching J ennyson's case, It is probable, therefore, that Jennyson alone was tried thereat. The third document (which I have not transcribed) is a precept, signed by Langley, the Deputy Town Clerk, ordering the Sheriffs to summon a jury for" Thursday, the 14t h day of this instant February" to give a verdict as to whether " "William J ennyson be g.uilty or not of the treason of which he stands indicted ," This precept is slgned also by William Craven (the Lord Mayor) , Sir Henry Mountagu (Recorder), George, Bishop of London, and Sir Stephen Soame, presumably the Justices commissioned to hear this case. , Translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 383.

:t Space here in MS. for Christian name. The priest" Roberts," here mentioned, is undoubtedly the Benedictine Martyr, Blessed John Roberts, who was executed at Tyburn on 10 December, 1610. Cj. Dom Bede Camm, A Benedictine Martyr in England, pp. 225 and 228. ยง I.e., 3 James I, c. 4, ยง 23 (following 23 Eliz. c. I), which declares this offence high treason. ..


60

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

Regni Regis Jacobi VIIIo

FEBRUARY 1610/11

s~f,pranOtm:nat·us Willelm~ts

Jennyson po se

ve' fa' non cul' nee se r' Ideo Judicium quod Deliberatr [sic]. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Testis [sic] Edmund Browne et Nichilas Fookes Cambell Maior ' Quarto die Septembris Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Octavo infertur hoc record' per Georgiu' Sotherton et socios suos. (2) [Warrant.] London. Mr Langley where an Inditem t was preferred at the Sessions holden in Sept. Last against one William Jenison. the party desyers a Coppy of the same Inditem t [ ] ~ the well I think fltt you doe deliver him accordingly. Midle Temple this XXU th of october 1610 To Mr Langley Towneclark yor Lovenge frend of London if: H. Mountagu: [Memorandum in another hand] § [? By vir]tew of this warrant A coppy of the

*

[IndictmJt against Wm Jennyson was delivered upon Ml' Recordl'S man 23° octob1' [by] me J. H olla·n d

XXV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 14 MARCH, 8 JAMES I {1610/11).1I

[Indictment of John Fitzwilliams and nineteen other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Johannes Fitzwillyams de paroch' om' Sanctor' in muro London generosus, Thomas Davies de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London pred' in medicinis Doctor,~ Willelmus Kitchenman de eadem paroch' sancti Dunstani, Margareta Wrench uxor Willelmi Wrench de paroch' sancti Martini prope Ludgate London pred' Bookebinder, Willelmus Smyth servus Willelmi Wrench, Francisca Spencer uxor WaIteri Spencer de paroch' sancti Sepulchri London pred', Maria Alkenton de eadem paroch' vidua, Maria Alkenton spinster, Alicia Nash de eadem vidua, Willelmus Darbye de eadem paroch' et Suzanna uxor eius, Maria Lunne de eadem paroch' vidua, Margaret Smyth de eadem paroch' spinster, Jacobus Leake de eadem paroch' yoman, Mar(I)

*

Holograph (on paper), attached to the preceding indictment. , One word erased in MS. if: Cf· p. 56, note. § The lower left-hand corner of the paper, containing part of this memorandum, has been torn away. U The Newgate calendar attached to this file (entitled" London ss. 1610 and endorsed" Marcii ") gives, inter alia, the following entry: y' sine ball' it' Joana Fawset duct' gaole pred' 13/6 [i.e" 13 March, 16IO/II], per Gilbert Cowley Comiss' ad mandat' Stephani Soame Mil'. There are no recognizances on this file. ~ The words Thomas Davies .. . . Doctor are underlined in MS. II


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH 1610/11

61

gareta Gore de eadem paroeh', Thomas Hildersham de eadem paroeh' et Maria uxor eius, Anna Tallys uxor \¥illelmi Tallys de eadem paroeh', Christiana Baneks de eadem paroeh' vidua et Agnes Hinde uxor Augustini Hinde de 'e adem paroeh' qui deeimo die Februarii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Seotie XLII II ° .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' deeimu' diem Februarii .... [formula as (4), p. 33J· Ad sess' tent' Xllllo 11,,fa1,tii Anno Regn·i Regis Jacobi octavo proclamacio fact' fuit secundum formam Statuti etc. vers~ts omnes (except' Thoma Davies in medicinis Doctore) Et omnimod' prosec' super hoc I ndictamen' versus prefat' Thomam Davies cessatr per mandatu' Dominor' secreti concilii Domini Regis per litteras suas geren' Dat' Xllllo J anuarii ult' preterit' [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ Craven Maior' XIIIIo die Marcii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Octavo infertur hoc record' per J ohannem Sudbury et socios suos (2) [Indictment of Francis Holt for reeusaney.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Franciseus Holt nuper de paroeh' sandi Bottolphi in warda de Aldersgate London generosus qui deeimo die Decembr' Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... octavo et Seotie XLIIIIo . ... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem Deeembris .... [formula as (I), p. 28J . . Proclamat' fuit secundum f01'mam Statut' etc. [Subsequent memorandumJ ~ Extract' huius indictament' Dell' ult' April Anno nona Regni Regis Jacobi etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera [Endorsed] Testis Thomas Harris Craven Maior' XIIIIo .die Marcii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Odavo .... [as (I) above].

*

XXVI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 3 SEPTEMBER, 9 JAMES I (1611). ~

(1) [Indictment of John Gainsford for reeusaney.] London 5S. Jurator' .... present ant quod Johannes Gainsford nuper de paroehia Sandi Andree in Holbonle infra London Generos' alias Johannes Gainsford nuper de Idburye in com' Oxon' Generos'

*

Translation of minute: " At the Session held on the 14th of March in the eighth year of the reign of King James, proclamation was made according to the form of the Statute etc. against all (except Thomas Davies, Doctor of medicine). And prosecution of every kind upon this indictment against the aforesaid Thomas Davies must cease, by order of the Lords of the Privy Council of the Lord the Illig, by their letters bearing date the 14th of January last past." , Ang.: "An estreat of this indictment was delivered [i.e., into the Exchequer] on the last day of April in the ninth year of the reign of King James etc." The files for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 5 April and 14 June are extant and complete, but contain no matter relating specifically to Catholics

=


62

JAMES I

SEPTEMBER

SESSIONS FILE

1611

qui primo die Junii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nOllO et Scotie quadragesimo quarto .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' primu! diem Junii [formula as (I), p. 28J. proclam' fuit secundum form' Stat~tt' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera Craven Maiore IIIo Die Septembris Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono inferP' hoc record' per Willelmum Burt et sodos suos etc. (2) [Newgate calendar for this Sessions: in upper section entitled London ss. 1611 "; inter alia.] Repr' sine ball' {WillelmUS Spencer duct' gaole predict" per Edwardus [sicJ Browne Messenger Comiss' per reverendissimo [sic J in Christo Patrem Georgiu' Archiepiscopum [? Cantu'] ~ ad Mandat' pro Causa roman a ยง II

XXVII

*

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 4 DECEMBER, 9 JAMES I (I61I).H

[Indictment of John and Margaret Gainsford for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Johannes Gainsford or recusants. In each case the Newgate calendar is intact, that of the latter date giving, inter alia, in the sub-section (untitled in this case) referring to prisoners previously remanded, the following entries: '1" sine ball' Ricardus Smallwood '1" sine ball' Dorothea Hill The :files for the G.D. Sessions of 8 May and 16 July are missing, but a small :file of the former date exists, bearing the records of a General Session of Oyer and Terminer wruch dealt with one case of mint-treason. The following entries also appear, inter alia: johannes Chapman Duct' gaole predict' 3I/II [i.e., 31 August, 16II] per franciscu' Barcket, Comiss' ad mandat' Repr' sine ball' Stephan' Soame Mil'. { Arthurus Browne Duct' gaole predict' 3I/n per Edwardu' Ansell Comiss' ad mandat' Stephan' Soame :Mil'. The date of William Spencer's committal to Newgatei:, not given in the entry I have set out in the text. Since, however, it lies between two others dated respectively" IZ/II " and " IS/II," it is practically certain that he was committed some time between August 12 and IS, inclusive. , The :first entry in all these calendars invariably has" Domini Regis de Newgate" in place of " predict'." ~ This word, interlined in MS., is either Cantu' (i.e., "Cantuariensem") or captu' (i.e., " captus "); probably the former; cf. similar entries in later calendars. George Abbot was translated from London to Canterbury in March, I6Io/n. . ยง The phrase pro Causa Romana seems to have signified the refusal of the Oath of Allegiance: cJ. entries in calendar for January, 1615/16 (in text). The meaning of this rather dubious record seems to be as follows: William Spencer, brought to the aforesaid gaol by Edward Browne, Messenger; cornf " He is re'J'nanded witho~tt bail lmitted by the most reverend father in Christ George, Archbishop of Canterbury, by mandate [i.e., ofthe latter], for the Roman Cause." II The N ewgate calendar of this date, attached to the file, contains no items which seem likely to refer to Catholics. The records of the G.D. Sessions of 4 October have disappeared, but a

*


JAMES

I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1611

63

nuper de paroch' sancti Dunstani in the West London gener' et Margaret' Gainsford nuper de paroch' pred' vid' qui XXVIIo die Maii Anno Regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Nona et Scotie XLIIIfo fuer' et uterque eor' fuit etatis sexdedm annor' et ultra non accesser' et eor' uterque non accessit .... ad aliquod tempus infra unum mensem prox' sequent' pred' XXYIIo die [sic] Maii .... [fonnula as (2), p. 33]. Proclamat' luer' secundum formam Statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Pemberton maiore Quarto die Decembr ' Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nona infertr hoc record' per Samuel Armitage et socios suos XXYIII FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 16 JANUARY, 9 JAMES I (1611/12).* [Indictment of William Evans and Anne Clarke for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Willelmus Evans nuper de London mercator et Anna Clarke nuper de London vidua qui Primo die Decembris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nona et Scotie XLVto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unum mensem prox' sequen' predictum primum diem Decembris .... [fOlmula as (2), p. 33]. Proclamat' fucr' secundum form' statuti etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera ex testimon' Anthonii Dunn Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XVlo die Januarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nona infert r hoc Record' per Hugon' Ley et Sodos suos XXIX FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 19 FEBRUARY, 9 JAMES I (1611/12). ~ (I) [Indictment of Thomas Bell for recusancy.J London ss. Jurator' .... presentant quod Thomas Bell nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda Farringdon extra London pred' gener' qui primo die Januarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gratia Regis Anglie .... nono et Scotie XLyo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (r), p. 28J. separate file, of recognizances only. for the Sessions of the Peace of 2 October exists . This contains no documents explicitly relating to Catholics or recusants. The Newgate calendar of this date contains the following entries, inter alia : Repr' sine baU' Anna Powell duct' gaole pred' 17/3 [i.e., 17 December, 16II] per Johannem Kynge Comiss' ad mandat' Thome Cambell Mil'. [At the base of calendar, in hand of clerk of the court]: Repr' sine balt' Johannes Woodward , The Newgate calendar of this date gives no entries likely to refer to Catholics.

*


64

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 1611/12

Proclamat' fuit secundum formam statut¡i etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Anthony Monday testis Pemberton Maiore Ad session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono infertr hoc Record' per Willelmum Payne et socios suos et~. (2)

[Indictment of Edward Ecclestone and three other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Edwardus Ecclestone nuper de parochia Sancti Olavi in warda de Aigate London generos' Laurenc' Michelborne nuper de parochia sancti Andree in warda de Farringdon extra London generos' Henricus Smyth nuper de parochia Sancti Olavi in warda de Criplegate London pred' generos' et Robertus Dawson nuper de parochia Sancti Petri in Cornhi!l in warda de Cornehill London pred' generos' qui decimo die J anuarii annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie XLVo .... ad aliquod tempus infra unu' mensem prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem J anuarii .... [formula as (4), p. 33J. Proclamat' fuer' secundum form' statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Anthonius Dunne testis Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono .... [as (1) above]. (3)

[Indictment of Henry Maylard and Richard Kirkam for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores pro Domino Rege present ant quod Henricus Maylard nuper de London generosus, et Ricardus Kirkam nuper de London generosus qui vicesimo die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Angl' .... nono et Scotie quadragesimo quinto fuer' et uterque eor' fuit etatis decem et octo Annor' et ultra apud London videlicet apud Justice han scituat' et exist en , in Ie Old Bayley in parochia Sancti Sepulchri extra Newgate in \Varda de Farringdon extra London pred' in plena generali Session' Gaole Deliberacionis adtunc et ibidem tent' pro Civitate London pred' coram Jacobo Pemberton Mil' Maiore Civitls pred', Reverendo in Christo patre Johanne Episcopo London, Henrico Mountagu Mil' uno servien' Domini Regis ad legem et Recordatore Civit1s pred' Stephano Soame Milite et Henrico Rowe Milite Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaolam de N ewgate de Prison' in ea existen' deliberand' et al' Justiciar' Gaole pred' et Justiciar' pacis eiusdem Civi tis per eosdem Justiciar' adtunc et ibidem requisit' fuer' capere et pronunciare super sacro sancto Dei Evangelio quoddam Jurament' content' et specificat' in Actu Parliamenti dicti Domini Regis nunc tent' apud Westm' Ao regni sui tertio intitulat' An Act for the better discovering and repressing of popish Recusants Et quod udem Henricus Maylard et Ricardus Kirkam obstinate adtunc et ibidem scilicet in dicta plena generali Sessione Gaole Delibera-


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 1611/12

65

cionis penitus recusaver' et uterque ear' recusavit capere iurament' illud sic ut prefertr eisdem Henrico Maylard et Ricardo Kirkam per prefat' Justiciar' in dicta generali Sessi(;m' Gaole Deliberacionis oblat'in contemptu' dicti Domini Regis nunc Legumque suar' ac contra formam Statuti in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' ac contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc coronam et dignitat' suas etc. Ad Session' tent' decimo nona die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi nona predicti Henricus Maylard et Ricardus Kirkam sub custod' Edwardi Barkam et Georgii Smythes vicecom' Civitls London ad barr' ibidem ducti in propriis person' suis et separatim de premissis eis superius imposit' allocut' per Cur' hic qualitr se vellent acquietari uterque separatim dicit quod ipse non est culpabilis modo et forma prout per idem I ndictament' superius supponitr sed de hoc ponere se super patriam uterque eor' penitus recusavit aut aliquam respon' dare Cur' hie in exoneracione indictamenti predicti Ideo cons' est per eandem Cur' Verte [continued on dorseJ Quod omnia terr' tenement' bon' et cattall' infra nominat' Henrici Maylard et Ricardi Kirkam et utriusque erint [sic] forisfact' dicto domino Regi ac q~tOd ipsi H enricus klaylard et Ricardus Kirkam imprisonament' Corporor' [sic] eor' subibunt durante beneplacito dicti domini Regis iuxta forma' statut' in huiusmodi Casu' edit' et provis' etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Pemberton Maiore Ad session' gao Ie deliberacionis tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono .... [as (1) above]. (4) [Indictment of Elizabeth Vaux for refusing the Oath of Allegiance. ] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Elizabetha Vaux nuper de London vidua que decimo nono die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie Quadragesimo quinto fuit etatis decem et octo Annor' ...â&#x20AC;˘ adtunc et ibidem requisita fuit capere et pronuntiare .... et quod eadem Elizabeth' Vaux obstinate adtunc et ibidem .... recusavit capere Juramentu' illud sic ut prefertr eidem Elizabeth' .... [formula as (3) above] Judicium pat' in dorso' [L. margin] Billa Vera

*

*

Translation of minute: "At the Session held on the nineteenth day of February in the ninth year of the reign of King James, the aforesaid Henry Maylard and Richard Kirkam, in the custody of Edward Barkam and George Smythes, Sheriffs of the City of London, being brought to the bar there in therr.proper persons and asked separately by the Court here how they would acqult themselves concerning the premisses above imputed to them, each severally says that he is not guilty in the manner and form as is supposed by tl~e above Indictment, but each of them utterly refused to put himself upon lJ!.s country concerning this, or to give any answer to the Court here in exoneration of the indictment aforesaid. Therefore it is decreed by the same Court (Turn Over) that all the lands, tenements, goods and chattels of the hereinnam~ Henry Maylard and Richard Kirkam, & of each of them, shall be fo~elted to the said Lord the King and that they, Henry Maylard and Richard Krrkam, shall suffer the imprisonment of their bodies during the good pleasure of ,the, said Lord the King, according to the form of the statute in a case of this kind made and provided etc." , Ang.: "Judgment is recorded on the dorse," E


66

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 1611/12

[Endorsed] Ad Session' te'rtt' decimo no'no die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono infra 'Itominat' Elizabetha Vaux sub custod' Edwardi Barkam et Georgii Smythes V icecom' Civitatis London ad barr' ibidem duct' in propria persona sua et de premiss' ei S'ttperius imposit' allocut' per Cur' hic qualiter se vellet acqu,ietari dicit quod ipsa non est inde Culpabilis modo et forma prout per idem I ndictamentu' superius supponitr sed de hoc ponere se super patriam penitus recusavit aut aliquam Responcionem dare Cur' hic in exoneracione indictamenti pred' Ideo cons' est per eandem Cur' quod omm:a terre tenementa bona et Cattalla predicte Elizabethe Vaux erint [sic] forisfacta dicto Domino Regi Ac quod ipsa Elizabetha Vaux imprisonamentu' Corporis sui subibit durante bene placito dicti Domini Regis iuxta formam Statuti in huiusmodi Casu edit' et provis' etc.* Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono .... [as (I) above]. (5) [Indictment of Thomas Swanne for recusancy.] London SSt Jurator' .... presentant quod Thomas Swanne nuper de parochia sancte Bridgitte in warda de Farringdon extra London predict' gener', qui XXIIIo die Decembris annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie XLVo .... ad ali quod tempus infra umi' mensem prox' sequen' pred' XXIIIo die [sic] Decembris .... [formula as (I), p. 28J. Proclamat' fuit secundum form' statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Edmundus Browne testis Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XIXo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. nono .... [as (I) above]. (6)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in sub-section headed HRepr' ad melius inquirend' "; int.er alia.] I ndicr Ricardus Kirkam I ndicr Henricus Maylard Indic r Elizabetha Vaux'

XXX

SESSIONS FILE, MARCH 1611/12.:11

A.

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 16 MARCH, 9 JAMES I (1611/12).

[Recognizance for the appearance of John Warden to answer.] London SSt Memorand' quod decnno tertio die Martii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibemie Regis

*, Thetranslation of minute on preceding indictment. fact that these entries occur in the sub-section so headed indicates Cf.

that all three persons had been in Newgate since some time between the G.D. Sessions of the preceding December and January (at least). (Cf. Introd., p. xxvi, and note to list of prisoners in file for March following.) :11 The Newgate ca1t::ndar attached to this file contains no items likely to relate to Catholics.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH 1611/12

67

fidei Defensor' nono et Scotie q uadragesimo quinto Johannes \Varden de paroch' sancti Andree in warda de Castlebaynard London Carpinter ven' coram Jacobo Pemberton milit' maiore Civi tis London pred' ac un' J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' conservand' assignat' et recogn' se debere Domino Regi XXll' legalis monete Anglie solvend' per via' Recogn' etc. Sub condit' quod si pred' Recognitor personaliter comparebit cora' ]ustic' Domini Regis ad pacem ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civitate London tenend' etc. ibidem responsurus ad ea omnia et singula que vers' eu' ibidem obiicientur Et abinde non recesserit sine licenc' Justic' etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. Com' et trad' in ball' for lodging John Chaplin a popishe Recusant in his house prout pat' in Kalendar etc.

*

B.

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 18 MARCH, 9 JAMES I (1611/12).

[List of Catholic prisoners for religion in Newgate gaol.] , Justice Hall Februarie 1611:t Richard Smith John Parr Richard Cooper Thomas Dallamore Thomas Morgan Thomas Martin Henry Mathew Suspected preists § Martin Harrington

*

Ang.: "He appeared and is delivered in bail as appears in the Kalendar etc." The" Kalendar" is not the Newgate calendar, but probably the Sessions Book for this date, now lost. 'fI Written on paper (in an unrecognized hand) and filed among the G.D. indictments. Although there is no definite indication on the paper itself, nor elsewhere among the records on the file, as to its precise nature, it may be confidently asserted that this document is a calendar of all the Catholic prisoners for religion (from London and from Ivliddlesex) in Newgate gaol at the date specified. This conclusion has been reached after comparing it with the two similar lists dated May, 1612, and February, 1612/13 (see infra in text, pp. 73 and 86), and after submitting all three documents to numerous tests based on what is already known from other sources as to the movements of the persons wh0se names appear. [Cj. Challoner's Memoirs of Missionary Priests; Tierney-Dodd (vol. iv, Append.); Foley's Records of the English Province S.].; Middlesex County Records (vol. ii), etc.] It is probable that these lists are, in each instance, the result of an Order of the Court (now lost) to the Keeper of Newgd.te to produce at the G.D. Sessions (note title Justice Hall on each) the names of Catholics imprisoned for religion, for the enlightenment of the Lord Mayor and other regular Justices of Gaol Delivery as to their character and number. Such information could not have been gathered from the Newgate calendars during this period, for, as has been pointed out in the Introduction (p. xxvi), the calendars were then concerned merely with committals and appearances before the Court, and did not until later develop into "True and Perfect Kalendars of all prisoners in Newgate." I.e., February, 16II!12. It would seem probable that the document be.longs to the preceding sessions and was filed am.ong the March records by mIstake. . â&#x20AC;˘ I:e., not yet convicted, but detained in gaol without bail, pending the lllstltutIon of proceedings.

=


68

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MARCH 1611/12

j

Peeter Nanconnane alias Symonds Edward Smith Ric' James alias Smith alias Newport John Yate Martin White Wm Toimowe Edward Kinseman Ric' Raynsford Nyc o Bosgrave Henry Dorrell Henry Baylie Thomas Price Edward Price Christyan Dam ~Convict' for refusing the George Muskett loath of allegeance* Henry Hesketh I Henry Cooper I Wm Jenysson John Clarck John Dabridgcourt J one Dabridgcourt Morrice K yffen Wm Hurst Henry Maylerd Ric' KJckham & Elizabveth }corivict' aux [Henry Maylerd scored] =: ") John Blake Mary Staynsemore Elizabeth Reynoldes Mary Gower Susan Gubbs I Tho' Sleepe ~ Recusant papists § Grace Cooper Mary Okenton Wm Spencer

l

I

~

I

* I.e., tried and condemned for prem:ltnire, the penalty being loss of the King's protection, loss of property, and imprisonment durante beneplacito Regis. 'f The words He·n,ry Maylerd .. . . [etc.] .... convict' are in the same hand as the rest of the paper, but diHerent ink has been used. They are evidently an insertion made after the conviction of these three persons at the preceding February G.D. Sessions (see their indictments in text, pp. 64 and 65). :I: The presence of the names of May1erd and Kirckham in this section proves that both were in N ewgate some time before their indictment and conviction. § It seems certain that the persons in this section were committed far tefusing the Oath of Allegiance (not for refusing to go ta church), but had not yet been convicted for this offence. Introd., p. xli. (Cf. J.1fiddlesex County Records, vol. ii, for the cases of Elizabeth Reynaldes, Mary Gower, Susan Gubhs, Thomas Sleepe, Grace Cooper, and Mary Okenton.)


JAMES

I

SESSIONS FILE

Elizabeth Gravener [Ric' Kirckham scored] Tho' Bromfeild

MARCH 1611/12

69

I

1*

XXXI FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 24 APRIL, 10 JAMES I {1612}.' (1) [Indictment of Sir Henry James, Knt., for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.J London ss. Juratores ...â&#x20AC;˘ present ant quod Henricus James nuper de London, miles, qui XXIIIIo die Aprilis Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo et Scotie XLVo fuit etatis decem et octo Annor' et ultra .... in plena generali Session' Gaole Deliberacionis .... coram Jacobo Pemberton milite Maiore Civitls pred' Henrico Mountagu milite uno Servien' domini Regis ad legem et Recordatore civitis predicte Thoma Lowe milite et Willelmo Craven milite Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis .... requisit' fuit capere et pronuntiare .... Et quod idem Henricus James miles obstinate adtunc et ibidem .... recusavit capere Jurament' . . .. [formula as (4), p. 65J. Ad Session' tent' XXllllo die Apr'ilis anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo predictus Henricus James miles po se ve' fa' Cul' Ideo jud' quod omnia terre tenementa bon' et CattaU' predicti Henrici James militis erint [sicJ forisfact' dicto Regi Ac quod ipse Henricus James miles imprisonamentu' Corporis sui subibit durante bene placito dicti Domini Regis iuxta form' statuti in huiusmodi Casu edit' et provis' etc. [Subsequent memorandum] = 12 .7. 1618 certificatr [tenor] istius indictament' et Conviccionis 1:n Banc~t' Regis virtute bfcvis de certior' exta eundem [Endorsed] Billa Vera Pemberton Maiore Ad Sess' Gaole Deliberacionis tent' XXIIIIo die Aprilis Anno . Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. decimo infert r hoc record' per Hugonem Ley et socios suos etc. (2) [Indictment of Francis Littleton for" false and evil" words.] London ss. Jurator' pro Domino Rege present ant quod Franciscus Littleton nuper de London generosus primo Die Februarii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' AngUe Francie et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Nono et Scotie Quadragesimo quinto existen' persona malor' nominis fame et Conversacionis et Machinans et intendens gubernacionem dicti Domini Regis infra hoc Regnu' ~glie Depravare et ecclesiam Anglicanam scandalisare et nequissnnos proditores defendere Apud London videlicet in parochia , ~ Remainder of the paper torn away. The unfinished bracket in the ongmal shows that the list is incomplete. , This file contains no recognizances. . = fIng.: "On 12 April. 1618 [the tenor] of this indictment and Conviction IS¡ certified into King's Bench by virtue of a writ of certiorari issuing from the same." The word tenor has been omitted in MS.


70

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r612

Sancti Dunstani in occiden' in warda De Farringdon extra London pred' tunc et ibidem voluntarie false et nequiter Dixit et propalavit hec Anglicana verba sequen' videlicet That the church of England was a Den of Theeves and that the King Diq. maynteyne a Den of Theeves, and that they that were in the Action of the powder treason (itmuend' pred' proditor' voc' the Powder Traytors) were honest men and valient men And that yf \Villiam Townesend who said they were villayns and Rascolls were in some place where their frends were (innuend' the frends of the said powder traitors) he (innuend' pred' Willelmu') might have a Dagger stabbed in his bosome, ill Dicti Domini Regis contempt' et contra legeantiam suam debitam, et ad maIu' exemplu' alior' in huiusmodi casu Delinquen' Nec non contra pacem Dicti Domini Regis coronam et Dignitatem suas Ad session' tent' XXllllo die Aprilis anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo predictus Franciscus Littleton po se ve' fa' Cul' Ideo iudicium quod recommittetr prisone de N e'li/gate ibidem et mansur' quousque solvet ad usu' dicti Domini Regis Centu' libr' pro fine per Our' hie super ipsum imposit' occacione of/ens' pred' et postea durante bene placito dicti Domini Regis Et quando dictus Dominus Rex ipsum Franciseu' Littleton ad largu' ire permiti' cons' est per Cur' hie q'l!od antea deliberat r primu' imposuer' sufficient' securitat' de se extunc bene gerend' erga dictum Dominum Regem et c'Wnctu' poP~tl1l sml nisi Rex contrariu' precipit etc. [EndorsedJ Billa Vera by examinacions taken before ye Lo: of Cant' Pemberton Maiore Ad Sessionem Gaole Deliberacionis tent' XXIIIIo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. Decimo [etc. as (r) aboveJ.

*

(3) [Indictment of Margaret Walsingham for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Margareta Walsingham nuper de parochia Sancte Bridgitte London Spinster que primo die Martii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie XLVto .... ad aliquod tempus infra unum mensem prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Martii .... [formula as (1) p. 28J. Ad Session' tent' XX/lllo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo, pred' Margaret' Walsingham proclamat' ftJit secundum form' statuti etc. [EndorsedJ Billa Vera ex testimonio Anthonii Dunn

*

Translation of minute: " At the session held on the 24th day of April in the tenth year of the reign of King James the aforesaid Francis Littleton puts himself [' not guilty on a jury of his country]. a Jury is called, [he is found] guilty. Therefore judgment [is given] that he be recommitted to the prison of Newgate there to remain until he shall pay to the use of the Lord the King one hundred pounds-the fine imposed upon him by the Court here by reason of the offence aforesaid-and [that he remain in Newgate] thereafter during the good pleasure of the said Lord the King. And when the said Lord the King shall permit the said Francis Littleton to go at large. it is decreed by the Court here that before he is released he shall first have given sufficient security for his future good behaviour towards the said Lord the King and all his people, unless the King orders the contrary etc." I


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL 1612

71

Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' Gaole Deliberacionis tent' XXIIIIo .die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc: Decimo .... [as (1) above]. (4) [Indictment of Hugh Holland for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Hugo Holland nuper de parochia Sancte Fidis London gener' qui primo die Septembris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie XLVto .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' predictu' primu' diem Septembris .... [formula as (r), p.28].

Proclamat' fuit secundum form' statut' etc. Ad Session tent' XXllllo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo [Endorsed] Billa Vera ex testimonio Anthonii Munday Pemberton Maiore Ad Session' Gaole Deliberacionis tent' XXIIIIo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. Decimo .... [as (r) above]. (5)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in upper section entitled London SSe 1612"; inter alia.] I ndictat r Franciscus Littleton Indictat r Henricus James miles*

It

XXXII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 28 MAY, 10 JAMES I {1612}. ~

(1)

[Indictment of vVilliam Vavasor for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] = London ss. Juratores presentant pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' Quod Jacobus Pemberton Miles Maior Civitatis London predict' Thomas Flemyng miles [? Capitali] § Justic'

*

These entries have been added by the clerk of the court (c/. Introd., p. xxv). ~ This file contains no recognizances. The Newgate calendar for the present Sessions gives the following entries of commitment inter alia: Repr sine ball' Samuel ·Watts duct' gaole pred' per Thomam Sparrow Comiss' ad mandat' Domini Archiepiscopo [sic] Cantuarencis.

[The above undated entry occurs between two others dated respectively " 8/8" and" II/8." It is certain therefore that Watts was committed to Newgate some time within the period 8-II May, 1612, inclusive.] Repr sine ball' Ricardus Parret duct' gaol' pred' 24/8 [i.e., 24 May, 1612] per Georgiu' Syberye Comiss' ad mandat' Henrici Mountague :Mil' Repr sine ball' Johannes Silversted duct' gaole pred' 26/8 [i.e ., 26 May, 1612] per Tho' Ballard Comiss' per mandat' Stephani Soame Mil' [Among other names added by the clerk of the court:] Repr sine ball' Perce[?] Jennyngs Repr sine ball' R[adulfus ?] Cadberrye ~ The formula of this indictment differs widely from others for refusing the oath of allegiance, and has apparently been engrossed by a different clerk. Translation of this formula in Appendix B, p. 384. § ..Illegible in MS.


72

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

r6r2 -

Domini Regis ad placita coram ipso Rege tenend' assign' Henricus Mountagu miles unus servien' Domini Regis ad legem ac Recordator Civit' predicte Johannes Garrard miles Thomas Bennett miles [ ]* Justic' eiusdem Domini Regis ad pacem infra eandem Civitatem Conservand' Necnon Justic' eiusdem Domini Regis ad generalem Gaole Deliberacionem Dicti Domini Regis Civitatis predicte tenend' assign at , vicesimo octavo Die Mati Anno Regni Dieti Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie Scotie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. videlicet Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Decimo et Scotie Quadragesimo quinto apud London videlicet apud Justieehall scituat' et existen' in Le old Bayley in parochia Sancti Sepulchri ext a Newgate in vVarda de Farringdon ext a London pred' in plena generali Sessione gaole Deliberacionis adtunc et ibidem tent' pro Civitat' London pred' obtuler' Anglice Did tender \Villelmo Vavasor nuper de Haselwood~ in Com' Ebor' Ar' ulta etat' octodecim et amplius exist en' ad Capiend' et recipiend' coram eisdem Justic' adtunc et ibidem Jurament' Allegeanc' content' in quodam Actu Parliamenti Dicti Domini Regis nunc tent' per prorogacionem apud Westmr in Com' Midd' Quinto Die Novembris Anno Regni sui Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Tertio et Scocie Tricesimo nono in ea parte edit' et provis' Idem tamen Wi1lelmus Vavasor ad capiend' et recipiend' Juramentum predict am [sic] sic eidem Willelmo Vavasor per prefat' Justic' oblat' adtunc et ibidem apud parochiam sancti Sepulchri extra N ewgate London pred' penitus recusavit in malum et perniciosum exemplum alior' in huiusmodi Casu Delinquen' Ac Contra formam Statut' in illo Casu edit' et provis' Et Contra pacem Dicti Domini Regis nunc Coronam et Dignitatem suas. Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XXVlllo die Maii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo predictus W illelmus Vavasor po se ve' fa' cul' Ideo iudicium quod omnia terre et tenementa bon' et CateaU' prefat' Willelmi Vavasor erint [sic] forisfact' domino Regi Ac quod ipse W illelmus Vavasor imprisonamentu' corporis sui subibit durante bene placito dicti domini Regis iuxta form' statut' in huiusmodi Casu edit' et provis' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(2) [Indictment of Edward Lyngen for recusancy.J London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Edwardus Lyngen de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne London gener' qui vicesimo die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... nono et Scotie quadragesimo quinto .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' predictu' vicesimu' diem Februarii .... [formula as (r), p. 28J. Ad Session' gaole deliberacionis tent' XXVlllo die Maii Anno Regni RegÂŁs Jacobi decimo predictus Edwardus Lyngen proclamat' fuit secundum form' statuti etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

Three words illegible here in MS., probably giving the name of another justice. The words Thomas Flemyng .... [etc.] .... Thomas Bennett miles are a subsequent insertion in another hand. , Near Tadcaster.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY 1612

73

(3) [List of Catholic prisoners for n>ligion in Newgate gaol.J* Justice hall Maie 1612: Richard Smith "I John Parr I Richard Cooper 1J1omas Dallamore Thomas Morgan Thomas Martin Henry Mathew Martin Harrington Peeter Symonds Suspected preists Edward Smith Richard Newport I John Yate James Yates Francis Latham Francis Y mmge Thomas Blunt Wm Scott alias Crayford j Martin White Wm Toimowe Edward Kinseman Richard Raynsford Nic o Bosgrave Henry Dorrell Henry Baylie Thomas Price Edward Price Christian Dam George Muskett Henry Hesketh Convic' for refusing the oath of Henry Cooper alleageance Will m Jenysson I John Clarck John Dabridgcourt J one Dabridgcourt Morrice K yffen Wm Hurst Elizabeth Vaux Richard Kirkham Henry Maylard Sr Henry James John Blake Mary Staynsemore Elizabeth Reynoldes Mary Gower Susan Jubbs Thomas Sleepe lRecusant papists Grace Cooper I

t

II

J

* Cf. not es to the similar list of February, 16II/I2 (p. 67) .


74

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

Mary Okenton Elizabeth Gravener Thomas Bromfeild John Thackwray Wm Greene

MAY 161:2

II I

j [Newgate calendar for this Sessions, among entries added by the clerk of the court.] Indictat r Ricardus James alias Newport Indictat r Willelmus Vavasor Ar"

(4)

*

XXXIII

RECORDS OF GENERAL SESSIONS OF OYER AND TERMINER, BEGINNING 28 MAY, 10 JAMES I (1612).:t

(I) [Indictment of Richard James alias Newport for priesthood.] London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentu' suu' presentant quod Ricardus James nuper de London Clericus alias dictus Ricardus Newport nuper de London Clericus natus infra hoc regnu' Anglie videlicet apud Liegershasbye ยง in Com' N orthampt' et post festu' Nativitatis sancti Johannis Baptiste Anno regni domine Elizabeth' nuper Regine Anglie primo et ante primu' diem Decembris Anno regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei defensor' etc. nono et Scotie quadragesimo quinto factus et ordinat' Sacerdos in partibus transmar', per authoritatem derivat' et pretensam a sede romana, leges et statut' huius regni Anglie minime ponderans nec penam in eisdem content' aliqualiter veren' predicto primo die Decembris Anno regni dicti domini Regis nunc Anglie Franc' et Hibernie nono et Scotie quadragesimo quinto, a partibus transmar' predictis in hoc regnu' Anglie proditoriell venit videlicet usque London, usque paroch' beate marie de Arcubus in Warda de Cheape London predict' et ibidem videlicet apud London predictam in paroch' et Warda predictis predicto primo die Decembris Annis nono et quadragesimo quinto supradictis et diversis die bus postea, proditorie et ut falsus proditor dicti domini Regis, moram fecit, fuit et remansit Contra formam

*

The usual sub-section entitled" Reprivati ad melius inquirendum" is absent from tIllS calendar. ~ Newport had been in Newgate for some time prior to tIlls date (cf. list of Catholic prisoners dated February, 16II/12, p. 68). Since Vavasor's name is absent from the list of Catholic prisoners of May, 1612 (cf. text above), it would appear probable that he was not in Newgate before his conviction at the current Sessions. The small bundle of documents relating to this O. and T. Sessions (at which Newport alone was tried) comprises the indictment and petty jury panel, both transcribed in the text below, together with two precepts of venire facias to the Sheriffs to summon a grand jury and a special petty jury for this case. The two latter documents contain no additional information and have therefore been omitted from the text. The grand jury panels have been filed with the records of the S.P. and G.D. Sessions held during the same week-which indicates that the same jurors presented also all the bills for these latter Sessions. ยง Ashby St. Ledgers. II The word proditorie is interlined in MS.

=


JAMli:S I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY 1612

75

Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et pro vis' Necnon Contra pacem dicti domini Regis -nunc Coron' et dignitat' suas. J 11dicium patet in dorso [Endorsed] Ad Session' Oyer et termyner tent' apud Justicehall etc. decimo octavo die jVfaÂŁi Anno Regni Regis Jacobi infranominat' Ricardus James alias Ricardus Newport po se ve' fa' Cul' Cattall' null' Ideo i~,dicium quod ad prison' unde venerat reducatr et ib1:dem super Claiam ponatr et abinde s~tPer Claiam iUam trahatr usque furcas de Tyborne et ibidem suspendatr per CoU'u' et semivivens deiiciatl' et super terr' prostsrnatr Et quod membra et interiora sua extra ventrem suam [sic] trahant r ipso vivente et ibidem in ignem ponant r et Comburiantr Et quod Caput suu' amputetr Ac Corpus suu' in quatuor partes dividat r Ac Caput et quarteria sua ponantr ubi dictus dominus Rex ea assignar' voluerit etc. Billa Vera Pemberton Maiore Decimo Octavo die Mati Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. decimo infertr hoc Record' per Willelmum Palmer et socios suos etc.

*

(2) [Grand Jury panels.] If [A] Pulletr' SSe Ad inquirend' pro Domino Rege. Broadstreet.

Willelmus Palmer I ur' Thomas Nicholson Iur' Humfridus Waterson Iur' Johannes Woodall I ur' Zacharias Relyng I ur' 1 0 Ricardus Downes jur' II Thomas Eagles jur' 12 Thomas Dennys j ur' 14 Meredith Broughton j ur' IS Radulfus Hampson Jur' Quilibet J ur' pred' per se Attach' est per Johannem Rutchyns I

6 7 8 9

&

*

Ricardum Sergeant

[B] Woodstreet SSe Jur' pro Domino Rege ad inquirend' etc. Warda de F arringdon infra 2 Johannes Pemerton ju,r' 3 Edwardus Busshop j 1ftr' 4 Johannes Rarison j~tr' 5 'ÂĽillelmus Erbury jur' 13 Ricardus Taylor ' jur' Quilibet J ur' predictor' per se attach' est per J ohannem Doo & Ricardum Roo [sic] [Endorsed] Pemberton Maiore Sessio Pacis tent' pro Civit' London apud Guihald' eiusdem Civitatis die Mercurti XXVIIo die Mati Anno domini 1612 Annoque regni Domini nostri

The words decimo octavo are a clerical error for vicesimo octavo-an error which is repeated in the further endorsement of this document (written by the same hand). That the date of the beginning of the trial was actually May 28 is proved, not only by the endorsement of document (3) infra, but also by the two precepts mentioned in a foregoing note. , These documents consist of two separate strips of skin (referred to as A and B in text), each containing about twenty-five names, every juror selected therefrom having a number placed opposite his name in the right ~argin and, in the left margin, the note Jur' (Ju,ratus- sworn "). The lists were issued by the two Sheriffs, each from his own Counter-Poultry and Wood Street. The terms Broadstreet and Far1'ingd01~ infra signify the wards from which the jurors were drawn. tl


76

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY 1612

Jacobi dei gra'¡ Anglie Franc' et Hibemie Regis decimo et Scotie XLVto

*....

(3) [Petty Jury panel.] London ss. Nomina Jur' inter Dominum Regem Quer' Et prisonar' ad barram Willelmus Morgan jur' Radulfus Edmonds jur' Jacobus Esgrigge jur' Henricus Overton j ur' Rogerus Oulton j ur' Johannes Claxton j ur' Johannes Daunser j ur' Johannes Armitage j ur' Anthonius Delaball j ur' Johannes Taylor jur' Georgius N ashe j ur' Thomas Champneys j'lf,r' Quilibet Jur' pred' per se attach' est per Johannem Doe & Ricardu' Roe Inter Dominum Regem et Ricardu' James alias Ricardu' Newport [Endorsed] , Pemberton Maiore Sessio tent' apud Justicehall in Ie old Bayly in parochia sancti Sepulchri ext a Newgate in suburb' London die Jovis XXVIIIo die Mati Anno regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Regis Anglie Franc' et Hibemie fidei defensor' etc. decimo et Scotie XLVto coram Jacobo Pemberton milite Maiore Civits London pred' Reverendo in Christo Patre J ohanne Episcopo London Thoma Flemynge mil' Capital' Justic' domini Regis ad placita coram ipso Rege tenend' assign' Edwardo Coke milit' Capital' Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco suo J ohanne Croke mil' un' J ustic' clicti Domini Regis ad placita Coram ipso Rege tenend' assign' Edwardo Bromley mil' un' Baron' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis J ohanne Sotherton alter Baron' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Stephano Soame mil' J ohanne Garrard mil' Roberto Leigh mil' Thoma Fowler mil' Thoma Bennett mil' Baptisto Hicks mil' Henrico Mountagu mil' un' Servien' dicti Domini Regis ad legem ac Recordator' Civit s predicte ac aliis sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis per litteras paten' ipsius domini Regis eis et allis in de confect' ad inquirend' per sacramentum probor' et legalium hominurn de Civite London per quos etc. de quibuscunque prodicionibus mespriscion' prodicion' etc. infra Civitatem predict am commiss' etc. Ac ad eadem prodiciones mespriscion' prodicion' etc. audiend' et terminand' assign' etc.

*

The remarks in this endorsement refer to the time and place of the swearing-in of the grand jury and of their inquiry. The grand juries for all the London Sessions sat at Guildhall. , This endorsement gives us the fullest available list of justices com. missioned to hear Newport's case,


JAMES

XXXIV

r

. SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1612

77

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 2 DECEMBER, 10 JAMES I {1612}.*

(r)

[Indictment of William Day and' twenty-two other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Willelmus Day nuper de parochia sancti Bottolphi extra Algate in warda de Portsoken London pred' gener' Johannes Burgennye nuper de parochia sancti Benedicti Finke in warda de Broadstreete London pred' yeoman Jeremias [? Hide] iC nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' yeoman Thomas Barrell nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' yeoman Margeria Preston nuper de parochia omn' sanctor' in muro in warda de Broadstreete pred' London pred' spynster:t Willelmus Man nuper de parochia sancti Andr' in Holborne in warda de Farringdon ext a London pred' yeoman Robertus Lockley nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' yeoman Margeria Reynols nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' vid' Maria Yeats nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' spynster Petrus Bicknell nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei minor' in dicta warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman Willehnus Pettye nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in dicta warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman et Johanna Petty uxor dicti Willehni Pettye Editha Wight nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' spynster Catherina Ward nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' vid' Christiana Clarke nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' spynster Alicia Edwardes nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' vid' Anna Griseld uxor Thome Griseld nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' yeoman Helena Bayly nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' spynster Anna Gower nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei magni in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' vid' Elizabetha Ham lluper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' spynster [Johannes Robinson nuper

*

In the Newgate calendar of this date is the following entry added, inter alia, by the clerk of the court: Repr pro Domino Nlaiore Cornelius Johnson a Computator' [and, inter alia, in the sub-section entitled" Reprivat' ad melius inquired' .. (sic)] : Repr pro Recorda/ore Willelmus Cole With regard to the other sessions held after the preceding May, the file for the G.D. Sessions of 3 July exists, but no documents formally relating to Catholics or recusants are to be found therein. The Newgate calendar of this date gives the following entry inter alia in the sub-section headed " Reprevat' [sic] ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' sine ball' Willelmus Greene The only remaining record of the Sessions of 19 August is a file of recognizances (for S.P. and G.D.), which yields nothing of interest to Catholics. The file for the G.D. Sessions of 2 October is extant and complete, but likewise has no documents of Catholic interest. The Newgate calendar attached to this file gives the following entries, inter alia, written in the hand of the clerk of the court: Repr pro Recordatoy' Ricardus Cooper Willelmus Collingwood Repr sine ball' , All but the first letter of this surname is doubtful: possibly Head . = The word spynster is written upon an erasure in MS.


78

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1612

*

de parochia et warda ultime predictis Taylor scored] Humfridus Packingdon nuper de parochia sancte Helene in warda de Bishopsgate London pred' gener' Thomas vVase nuper de parochia sancti Benedicti in warda Castlebaynard London pred' yeoman Petrus Sturke' nuper de parochia sancte Anne in Ie Blackfryers in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' yeoman qui primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo et Scotie XLVIto .... ad aliquod tempus infra un' mens em prox' sequen' predictu' primum diem Octobris .•.. [formula as (4), p. 33J. Ad Session' tent' secundo die Decembris Anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo proclamat' fuer' secundum form' statuti etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (2) [\Varrant.J:I: London. Wheras I am informed that Will ill Daie gent' stands Indited and convicted upon the Statute of Recusancy for not repaireinge to church Nevertheless for that ytt appears unto me by Credible Testimony that the said Will m Day Doth usuallie repaire to church and heare divyne Service and hath byn and is conformable to the Lawes and Statu' in that behalf I therefore think £ltt you make staie of the same Inditment and of anie further proceedinge therin untill you shall receive further order Midle Temple this XXVlth of January 1612 § To Mr Langley Towneclark yr Loveinge frend of the Cyttie of Londonn H. Mountagu (3)

[Indictment of Henry Lemynge and eleven other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator' ...• presentant quod Henricus Lemynge nuper de parochia sandi Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman Cut bert us Hutton nuper de parochia et . ward' pred' yeoman Johanna Allen uxor Stephani Allen nuper de parochia et ward' pred' gener' Thomas Hallyday nuper de parochia et ward' pred' gener' Thomas Symons nuper de parochia et ward' pred' Pictor Franciscus Barsye nuper de parochia sancte Anne in Ie Blackfryers in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' Coguus David Gonter~T nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' Ballmaker Maria Boulton uxor Edmundi Boulton de parochia sancte Brigitte in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' gener' Johannes Robinson nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei magni in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' mercator scissor Elizabetha Hubbersteed uxor Roberti Hubbersteed nuper de parochia et ward' ultime pred' Sopeboyler Johannes Prigett nuper de parochia sancti Martini prope Ludgate in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' yeoman et Helena Stephenson alias Boys uxor Thome

* The deletion probably signifies that the bill

wa~

ignored in Robinson's

case.

!f The last letter of this surname is doubtful. tIl Holograph (on paper). § I.e., 1612/13. '

" Cf· p. 56, note. ~ ? or Gouter.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r6r2

70

Stephenson alias Boys nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' scriptor' qui decimo die Augusti annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo et Scotie Quadragesimo sexto .... ad aliquod tempus infra un' mensem prox' sequen' pred' decimu' die' Augusti .... [formula as (4), p. 33]· Ad Session' tent' secwndo die Decembris Anno Regni Regis J acobi decimo proclamat' juer' secundu.m forma' statuti etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (4)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in upper section entitled " London ss. r612 "; inter alia.] Repr' sine ball' [? Jerumin] Poole duct' gaole pred' 28/2 per Rogeru' Pryse Custod' Comiss' per Reverendissimo [sic] in Christo Patr' Georgio Episcopo [sic] Cant' pro Causa Romana' [Among entries added by the clerk of the court]:I: I ndictat r Franciscus Latham pro prodicione §

*

XXXV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 14 JANUARY, 10 JAMES I {16I2/13}.n

[Newgate Calendar for this Sessions, ~ in upper section entitled " London ss. 16I2 "; i'nter alia.] Repr sine ball' Johannes Trentam duct' gaole pred'

*

This Christian name is almost obliterated in MS" but is evidently a barbaric form of "Germanus" (cf. list of Catholic prisoners of February, 1612/13, infra, p. 86). , Translation of this entry: He is remanded without bail. [? JeruminJ Poole brought to the gaol aforesaid ['i .e., NewgateJ on 28 November [1612J by Roger Pryse, Keeper [i.e., of Newgate], committed by the Most Reverend Father in Christ, George, Bishop of Canterbury, for the Roman Cause." ~ Cf. Introd., p. xxv. § Notwithstanding the marginal note Indiciat r opposite this entry, no indictment against Francis Latham (Blessed John Almond, the Martyr) appears on the accompanying file. It is therefore practically certain that he was tried at a General Session of Oyer and Terminer beginning on the same day as the current G.D. Sessions-2 December (cf. the trial of Blessed Richard Newport on 28 May preceding. All high treason cases were dealt with by such O. and T. commissions.). The documents of such sessions were, at this period, filed separately, and in this case are lost. Had Latham's trial occurred at a different time from that of the G.D. Sessions, the above entry would not have appeared in this calendar. n An Inquisition-post-mortem occurs on this file, stating that Joseph Dunne" nuper prisonarius infra gaola' pred' [i .e., NewgateJ pro suspicione felonie" died in Newgate, " ex visitacione Dei," on I I January, 1612/13, of .. a pynning sicknes" lasting five days. Inquest taken 12 January. ~ In the sub-section of this calendar, entitled " Reprivat' ad melius inquirend'," occurs, inter alia, the following entry: Repr' sine baU' it' Edmundus Duffelde [and, added later by the clerk of the court]: Repr' sim balt' Rowland Fletcher, comiss' per eundem [i.e., Sir Stephen SoameJ. II


80

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY 1612/13

per [ ]' Comiss' per Episcopum London et Ali' pro Causa Romana

10/3*

XXXVI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 18 FEBRUARY, 10 JAMES I (1612/13). ~

(I) [Recognizance for the appearance of vVilliam Judith to answer.] London ss. Md' quod octavo die Februarii Anno Regni domini nostri Jacobi Dei grac' Anglie Francie et Hibernie Decimo et Scotie Quadragesimo Sexto vVillelmus Judith de Bell Alley Colemanstreete London in propria persona ven' coram me Thoma Cambell milit' uno J ustic' dicti domini Regis ad pacem in Dicto [sic] Civitate London et recognovit se deberi diet' Domino Regi in Centu' libris de terris et tenementis bonis et Cat allis suis ad opus et usu' dicti Domini Regis, hered' et successor' suor' fieri et levar' sub condicione sequenti [Signed] Thomas Cambell

That if the above bOWl den William Judith personally appere before the Ks Mats Justics at the next Gayle delivery to be houlden for the cyttie of London in the ould Baylie and answere for his not coming to church, and hence not depart wthout lieens' of the court

Comparuit et exo r ยง (2)

[Indictment of John Crayford and twenty-two other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Johannes Crayford nuper de parochia sancti Andree in warda de Farringdon extra London generos' et Martha uxor eius, Alicia uxor J eronomie Desoldie nuper de parochia sancti Andree undershaft in warda de Aigate London pred' extran' Georgius Lopus nuper de parochia omniu' sanctor' Stayninge in warda de Langborne extran' Elizabetha Phillipps nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' Spynster, Martha uxor J ohannis Fisher nuper de parochia sancte Brigitte alias Bride in warda de F arringdon extra London pred' yeoman, Elizabetha Moore nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' vid', Willelmus Wynne nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' generos' et Anna uxor eius, Ludovicus Lorick nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' extran', Ezechias De la Forrest nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' extran', Elizabetha uxor Henrici Burgys nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' Scissoris, Thomas Thraughtonll nuper de parochia sancti Buttolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London pred' generos' Ricardus Kent nuper de parochia

*, AI.e.,space December, is left here in MS. for name. 10

=

1612.

In the sub-section of the Newgate calendar of this date, entitled " Reprivat' ad melius inquirend'," occurs, inter alia, the following entry: Repr' sine ball' Edwardus [sic] Duffelde ยง A ng.: "He appeared and is discharged." โ€ข The second letter of the name" Thraughton" is deleted in MS.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

ItEBRUARY

I6I2/I3

81

et warda ult' pred' generos', Johannes Dabscott nuper de parochia saneti Bartholomei minoris in warda de F arringdon extra London pred' generos', et Johanna uxor eius, Elizabetha Taylor uxor Edwardi Taylor nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' generos', Thomas Peircye nuper de parochia sanete Katherine Creechurch in warda de Algate London pred' Musicus, Michael Francklyn nuper de parochia saneti Martini Ludgate in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' yeoman, Lodovicus Jackson nuper de parochia saneti Olavi in Hartstreete in warda de Algate London pred' yeoman et Brigitta uxor eius, Margeria uxor Willelmi White nuper de parochia Saneti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' musici, Katherina Ader nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' vid', [Maria uxor J ohannis Sidnam nuper de parochia saneti Bartholomei maior' in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' militis et Willelmus Robinson nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' yeoman scored] qui Primo die N ovembris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Decimo et Scotie XLVIto ... . ad aliquod tempus infra un' mensem prox' sequen' pred' primum diem Novembris .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. Ad Session' tent' XVIIIo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi decimo proclamat' fuer' omnes secundum form' statuti etc. [L. margin] Billa Vera

*

(3)

[Indietment of Sir Henry James, Knt., for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Henricus James nuper de London miles qui decimo octavo die Februarii Annis regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Regis Anglie .... decimo et Scotie XLVIto fuit etatis oetodecim Annor' et ultra apud London videlicet apud Justicehall .... in plena generali Sessione deliberacionis gaole dieti domini Regis de N ewgate .... Coram J ohanne Swynnarton millte Maiore Civitatis London pred' J ohanne Garrard milite Henrico Mountagu millte servien' dieti domini Regis ad legem ac Recordatore Civitatis prediete Willelmo Craven millte Jacobo Pemberton milite ac aliis sociis suis .... requisit' fuit capere et pronuntiare .... quoddam iurament' content' et specificat' in quodam Aetu in Parliamento dieti Domini Regis nunc inchoat' et tent' per prorogacionem apud Westmr in Com' Midd' quinto . die Novembris anno regni sui .... tercio et Scotie Tricesimo nona .... Et quod idem Henricus James obstinate .... penitus recusavit capere et pronuntiare iuramentu' illud .... [formula as (4), p. 65]. J udic-ium pat' in dorso [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Ad Session' tent' decimo octavo die Februarii Annis Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. decimo et Scotie XLVIto infranominat' Henricus James miles po se ve' fa' C~{,l' Ideo cons' est per Cur' quod predictus Henricus J ames miles ponatr a modo in futuro exta proteccionem

* Opposite these deleted entries, in .the left-hand margin, occur the words

.. Put out by the Jury." F


82

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY r612/13

dO'i'nini Regis et bona et Cattall' terr' et tenementa sua sint eidem domino Regi forisfact' etc. Et idem Henricus James miles committit r per Cur' prison' dicti domini Regis de N ewgate ibidem remansur' durante bene placito dicti domini Regis. [Subsequent memorandum] 12 . 7 . r618 certificatr tenor istius indictament' et Conviccionis in Bancu' Regis virtute brevis de certior' exta eundem bancu'

*

(4)

[Indictment of John Edwardes for refusing the Oath of Allegiance.] London ss. Juratores .... present ant quod Johannes Edwardes nuper de London Armiger qui decimo octavo die Februarii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo et Scotie Quadragesimo sexto .... coram J ohanne Swynnarton mil' maiore Civitatis London pred' Henrico Mountagu mil' Serviente Domini Regis ad legem et Recordatore Civitatis London, J ohanne Garrard mil' Thoma Bennett mil' Thoma Lowe mil' et Willelmo Craven mil' Ac aliis sociis suis .... [formula as (4) p. 65J. [L. margin] Billa Vera Ad is tam eandem Session' ven' predictus Johannes Edwardes sub Custod' Edwardi Rotheram et Alexandri Prescott vic' Civitatis London pred' ad barr' ibidem duct' .in p1 0pria persona sua Et statim de premiss' ei s'l,tperius imposit' alloquut' qualiter se velit inde acquietar' dicit' quod ipse in nullo est inde C'ldpabilis Et quesit' 2tlterius per Cur' qualiter se velit inde triari dicit per deum et J ustic' et nullam aliam responcionem V erte [continued on dorse] inde Cur' dare velit nee se super aliquam iurat' patrie ponere velit Et super hoc dict' est per Cur' eidem J ohanni Edwardes nisi ipse s'l,tper iurat' patrie se poneret iuxta debit' legis form', Cur' iudicium vers' eu' dare velit Et imediate per Cur' iteru' quesit' est ab eodem ] ohanne Edwardes an ipse pro transgr' et offens' in indictamento predicto specificat' se ponere velit super iurat' patrie iuxta debit' legis form' Qui nihil 2tlterius dicit preterquam pri2tS dixerat. Ideo consÂŁderat' est per Cur' q'l.ftod predictus Johannes Edwardes ponat!' a modo in futuro extra proteccionem dicti domini Regis et bon' et Cattall' terr' et tenementa sua s'int eidem Domino Regi forisfact' etc. Et idem]ohannes Edwardes Committ-itr per Cur' prisone dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate ibidem remansuy' durante bene placito dicti domini Regis' 1

I

* Cj. translation of similar memorandum, p, 69, note.

, Translation of minute: "At this same Session comes the aforesaid John Edwardes in the custody of Edward Rotheram and Alexander Prescott, Sheriffs of the City of London aforesaid, being brought to the bar there in his proper person. And being immediately asked concerning the premisses above imputed to him how he will acquit himself of them, he says that he is in no way guilty. And being asked further by the Court how he will be tried, he says by God and Justice and will give no other answer [Turn Over] to the Court on the matter nor will he put himself on any jury of the country. And upon this it is said by the Court to the same John Edwardes that unless he put himself upon a jury of the country according to the due form of law the Court will give judgment against him. And it is immediately asked again by the Court of the same John Edwardes whether he will put himself upon a jury of the country for the trespass and offence specified in the afore¡


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1612/I3

83

*

(5) [Record of the pardon of John Edwardes.] Ac postea scilicet ad deliberacionem gaole dicti domini Regis de Newgate pred' tent' pro Civitat' London pred' apud Justicehall pred' die Veneris scilicet decimo octavo die Februarii Annis dicti domini Regis Jacobi dei gra' Regis Anglie Francie et Hibernie fidei defensor' etc. undecimo et Scotie Quadragesimo septimo coram Thoma Middleton milite maiore Civitatis London pred' Stephana Soame milite Thoma Bennett milite Henrico Mountagu millte Servien' dicti domini Regis ad legem ac Recordatore Civitatis predicte ac aliis sociis suis J ustic' dicti domini Regis ad gaol' suam de Newgate pred' de prison' in eadem exist en' deliberand' assign' Venit predictus Johannes Edwardes et protulit hic in Cur' quasdam litteras patent' dicti domini Regis sub magna sigillo suo Anglie ei Confect' gerent' Dat' apud Westmr nona die Februarii Anno regni dicti domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Regis Anglie Francie et Hibemie undecimo et Scotie XLVIlo quaru' quidem litterar' paten' tenor / ' sequit r in hiis verbis videlket Jacobus dei gra' Anglie Scotie Francie et Hibemie Rex fidei defensor etc. Omnibus ad quos presentes littere pervenerint salutem Cu' per quandam Inquisicionem ad Session' deliberacionis gaole nostre de Newgate tent' pro Civitate London apud Justicehall in Ie Old Bayly in parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Fan-ingdon extra London pred' decimo octavo die Februarii Annis regni nostri Anglie Francie et Hibemie decimo et Scotie Quadragesimo sexto tunc et ibidem Capt' coram J ohanne Swynnarton millte maiore Civitatis London pred' J ohanne Gerard millte Thoma Bennett Henrico Mountagu milite servien' nostro ad legem et Recordatore Civitatis London pred' Thoma Lowe millte Willelmo Craven milite ac aliis sociis suis J ustic' nostris ad gaolam nostram de Newgate pred' de prison' in eadem existen' deliberand' assign' per sacramentu' Willelmi Morgane Nicholai Parkes Johannis Worall Arthuri Delavell Jacobi Blethen Roberti Brabant Hugonis Davyes Jacobi Butler Jacobi Porter Johannis Pyewell Thome Fox Thome Johnson Thome Boweland Samuelis Ford et Edwardi Ansell probor' et legaliu' hominu' de Corpore Civitatis pred' extitit present at , Quod Johannes Edwardes nuper de London armiger . . .. [here follows a repetition of the indictment against John Edwardes for refusing the Oath of Allegiance; vide document (4) aboveJ:t Ac postea ad istam eandem Session' ven' said indictment, according to the due form of law. But he says nothing more than he had said before. Therefore it is decreed by the Court that the af?resaid John Edwardes be placed henceforth outside the protection of the sald Lord the King and that his goods and chattels, lands and tenements be forfeited to the same Lord the King etc. And the same John Edwardes is committed by the Court to the said Lord the King's prison of Newgate, there to remain during the pleasure of the said Lord the King." This document, comprising two long sheets of parchment, is stitched to t he preceding indictment of John Edwardes. , This mark occurs in the margin of the original, opposite the word J acobus. ; It must be noted, however, that wherever the phrase dicti Domini Reg~s and the word SUHS (in reference to the King) occur in the original

*


84

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

I612/13

pred' Johannes Edwardes [here follows a repetition of the clerical

X minute on the said indictmentJ* Sciatis ¡tamen quod nos pietate moti de gra' ~ nostra speciali ac ex certa scientia et mero motu nostris pardonavimus remisimus et relaxavimus ac per presentes pro nobis heredibus et successoribus J10stris pardonamus remittimus et relaxamus prefato J ohanni Edwardes Huper de London armigero alias dict' Johanni Edwardes de Chirke in Com' Denbighe armigero J:I: nominis vel Cognominis seu quocumque alio nomine [ officii dignitat' artis loci vel locor' idem Johannes Edwardes censeatr vocet r sive nuncupetr aut nuper censebatr vocabatr sive nuncupabat r omnia et singul' offens' de recusand' Jurament' Allegianc' predict' ac de Premunire ac omni~ alia offens' delict' Contempt' transgr' et malefacta quecumque pro aliqua recusacione et abnegacione prest and' J urament' pred' in indidament' pred' content' et specificat' ac omn' et omnimod' al' offens' transgr' delict' Crimina et malefacta quecumque premiss' in aliquo tangent' sive Concern', licet Idem Johannes Edwardes de premiss' vel aliquo premissor' in dict at , impetit' Convict' attinct' adiudicat' utlagat' seu condempnat' exist' vel non exist' aut inde indictari impetir' [sic, for impeti] convinci attingi adiudicar' utlagar' seu condempnar' contigerit in futur' Necnon omn' et omnimod' utlagar' si que in ipsum Johannem Edwardes occasione pred' seu ear' aliqua fuer' promulgat' sive promulgand' ac omn' et omnimod' indictament' attinct ID Conviccionem Condempnatione' penas penalitat' imprisonament' puniciones Corporal' ac omn' forisfactur' et execuciones quecumque super vel vers' ipsum J ohannem Edwardes racione seu occacione premiss or' seu eor' alicuius habit' fact' reddit' sive adiudicat' aut habend' faciend' reddend' sive adiudicand' N ecnon omnes et omnimod' acciones sect' querel' impeticiones et demand' quecumque que nos vers' ipsum J ohannem Edwardes racione seu occacione premissor' seu eor' alicuius habemus habuimus sen in futur' habere poterimus aut hered' sive successor' nostri habere poterint in futur' Sectamque pacis nostre que ad nos vers' ipsum J ohannem Edwardes pertinet seu pertinere poterit in futuro Et firmam pacem et hanc pardonacionem nostram eidem J ohanni Edwardes inde damus et concedimus per presentes Et ipsum sic extra proteccionem nostram posit' in proteccionem nostram recipimus Predicto statuto de Anno tercio Anno [sic] regni nostri Anglie Francie et Hibernie et Scocie tricesimo nono aut aliquo alia statuto actu provisione seu restriccione in Contrar' inde in aliquo non obstan' Volentes et per presentes mandantes quod predict us Johannes Edwardes per aliquos Justic' Vic' Escaet' Ball' aut aliquos indictment and minute, the pronoun ?'toster is here employed. Also, the words adtunc et ibidem requisit' juit are here underlined. The whole of the original clerical minute, however, is here put in the past tense (dict' juit for dict' est; vellet for velit; dixit for dicit, etc.). Also, the words a tunc in futur' extft proteccionem nostram et bon' et Gattall' are underlined in this copy, and opposite, in the margin, is the mark";. , The words Sciatis .... de gra' are underlined in MS., and opposite, in the margin, is a cross. ~ Two or three words are illegible here in MS.

*


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 1612/13

85

alios officiar' sive ministr' nostros hered' vel successor- nostror' racione sive occacione premissor' sive eor' ,alicuius minime molestet r perturbetr inquietetr seu in aliquo gravet r Ita tamen quod stet rect' in Cur' nostra si quis contra eu' loqui voluerit de premiss' vel aliquo premissor', licet idem Johannes Edwardes bonam et sufficient' securitat' non inveniat iuxta fonn' et effectum cuiusdam actus in parliamento Anno decimo Edwardi tercii quondam Regis Anglie Progenitoris nostri apud West m tent' edit' de se bene genend' " ex nunc vers' nos et cunctu' populu' nostrum Et ulterius sciat' quod nos de amplior gra' nostra speciali ac ex certa scientia et mero motu nosh'is promissimus [sic] et concessimus ac per presentes pro nobis heredibus et successor' nostris promittimus et concedimus prefat' J ohanni Edwardes in verbo Regis quod predictu' Jurament' communiter vocat' Juramentu' Allegiancie non erit posthac oblat' anglice shall not hereafter be tendered prefat' J ohanni Edwardes per aliquam personam sive persona3 habentes aut qui habuer' sive habebunt potestatem sive authoritat' idem iuramentu' offerre seu ministrare Et idcirco pro nobis hered' et successor' nostris finniter precipimus et mandamus Archiepiscopis Episcopis Justic' Assis' et pacis et omnibus et singular' officiar' et ministr' nostris et omnibus aliis personis habentibus aut qui habuerunt sive habebunt potestatem sive aucthoritat' iuramentu' offerre sive ministrare quod ipsi nee cor' aliquis aliquo tempore imposter' offerat Capiat aut requirat sive offerri Capi aut requiri faciat vel Causabit ad vel de prefato J ohanne Edwardes iurament' pred' ullo modo sed omnimodo desist ant idem exigere nisi prefat' J ohannes Edwardes voluntar' et spontan' absque aliqua Coercione iurament' pred' prest are desiderabit Et he littere nostre patent' erint [sic] diet is Archiepiscopis Episcopis J ustie' Assis' et pacis et omnibus allis officiar' ministr' et person' habentibus potestat' sive authoritat' idem iuramentu' offerre sufficien' Warran' in hac parte Et ulterius concessimus ac per presentes pro nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris concedimus prefat' J ohanni Edwardes quod he littere nostre patent' construentr Capientr et acceptabunt r favorabilitr et in maximu' Commodu' et beneficiu' prefati J ohannis Edwardes et stabunt et existent finne valide et effectual' in lege erga vers' et contra nos hered' et successor' nostros secundum veram intencionem placit' et graciam nostram non obstant' predicto statuto de Anno tertio regni nostri Anglie Francie et Hibernie et Scocie Tricesimo nona aut aliquo alio statuto actu ordinacione provisione proclamacione sive restriccione aut aliqua alia re Causa vel materia quacumque in Contrariu' inde in aliquo non obstant' In cuius rei testimoniu' has litteras nostras fier' fecimus patent' Teste meipso apud \\t'est m nona die Februarii Anno regni nostri Anglie Francie et Hibernie undecimo et Scotie Quadragesimo septimo. per breve de privato sigillo Coppyn.¡~ Et inde idem

*

*

The words Et ulterius .... amplior' are underlined in MS., and are marked, as above, in the margin. , This word appears toreproduce the signature on the original Letters Patent.


86

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 16I2/I3

Johannes Edwardes humiliter petit allocacionem et quod pretextu earundem litterar' paten' ipse de premiss' per Cur' predictam dimittatr Super quo considerat' est per Cur' predict am quod littere paten' pred' J ohanni Edwardes pro premiss' allocantl' Et quod predictus Johannes Edwardes eat inde quiet' sine die etc. (6)

*

[List of Catholic prisoners for religion in Newgate gaol.] Justice hall Februarie 16I2' Richard 'Cooper Thomas Morgan Henry Mahew Peeter Symondes Edward Smith 13 John Yate I John Aynsewourth suspected preists Wm Harbert Richard Kellett Henry Vachell German Poole I John Trentham Richard Gryffen alias Smith J Martin White Wm Toimowe Edward Kinseman Richard Raynsford Nic° Bosgrave Henry Dorrell Henry Baylie Thomas Price Edward Price Christian Dam Convic' for refusing the Oath of 22 George Muskett Henry Hesketh Alleageance Wm Jenysson I John Clarck John Dabridgcourt J one Dabridgcourt Morrice K yffen Wm Hurst Elizabeth Vaux Richard Kirkham Sr Henry James Wm Vavasor John Blake Mary Staynsemore Elizabeth Reynoldes Mary Gower Susan Jubbs Recusant papists CJ. notes to the similar list of February, 16u/I2; supra, p. 67.

1 r

I

l

Ir

*

, I .e., 1612/13.

1


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

Thomas Sleepe Grace Cooper Mary Okenton Elizabeth Gravener Thomas Bromfeild John Thackwray Walter Warde Patrick Bath Thomas Cabell Edward Allett Thomas Fathers

16

FEBRUARY 1612/13

87

J

51 (7) [Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in upper section entitled London ss. 1612 "; inter alia.] . Repr sine ball' Ricardus Smyth duct' gaole pred' 27/4* per Johannem Bonnye alias Wragge Messenger, Comiss' per Dominum Episcopum London et AI' pro Causa Romana Repr sine ball' Edwardus Allet duct' gaole pred' 6/5' per Ricardu' Broughton Messenger, Comiss' per Dominum Episcopum London, et AI' Comiss' pro Casa [sic] Romana Repr sine ball' Thomas Fathers duct' gaole pred' 12/5 = per [ ]§ Comiss' per Dominum Episcopum London et AI' Comiss' pro Causa Romana [In sub-section, entitled "Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' "II; inter alia.] Repr sine ball' Johannes Trentam [Among other names added later by the clerk of the court.]~ I ndictatr Johannes Edwardes ar' . I ndictatr Henricus James miles CI

XXXVII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 26 MARCH, I I JAMES I (1613).

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in upper section entitled London ss. 1613"; inter alia.] Repl' sine ball' Humfridus Peate duct' gaole Domini Regis de Newgate London 25/5* per Warrantu' Reverend' in Christo Pater [sic] Georgium Episcopum [sic] Cant' et Ali' pro alta prodicione, videlicet a Seminarie Priste [In sub-section, entitled "Repr' ad melius Inquirend' " 'f 'f ; inter alia.] Repr sine ball'{ThO' Fathers Johannes Trentam It

*

* I.e., 27 January, 1612/13.

'f I.e., 6 February, 1612/13.

:I: I.e.,

I2 February, 1612/13. § A space is left here in MS. for name of constable or " me!!;enger." fl Cf· Introd., p. xxvi. I.e., 25 February, 1612/13. ~ C/., Introd., p. xxv. " Cf. Introd., p. xxvi, note.

**


88

JAMES 1.

XXXVIII

SESSIONS FILE

AUGUST 1613

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 6 AUGUST, I I JAMES I (1613).*

[Indictment of Richard Kinge and twenty-two other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jurator'.... present ant quod Ricardus Kinge nuper de parochia sancti Andr' in Holbome in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman Rogerus Browne nuper de parochia et warda predictis yeoman Maria Kitchen nuper de parochia et warda predictis vid' Maria Kitchen nuper de parochia et warda predict is spinster, Francisca Holliday uxor Thome Holliday nuper de parochia et warda predictis generosi Simo Ticheborne nuper de parochia et warda predictis generos' Willelmus Marlmot nuper de parochia sancte Anne in Ie blackfryers in warda de Farringdon infra London yeoman Hugo Emerson nuper de parochia omn' sanctor' Barking in warda Turris London yeoman Thomas Burford nuper de parochia sancte Brigitte in warda de Farringdon exta. London pred' yeoman Franciscus David nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis extran' Ricardus Greenway nuper de parochia et warda ultime predic6s yeoman Maria Simpson alias dicta Maria Allett nuper de parochia et warda ultime predict is spinster Ricardus Ransford nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei magni in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' generos' Willelmus Robinson nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis yeoman Elizabetha Cleere nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis spinster Johannes Halye nuper de parochia sancte Katherine Creechurch in warda de Algate London pred' yeoman Johanna Smyth nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis vid' Philippus

*

The Newgate calendar of this date has the following entry, inter alia, in the upper section: Repr' sine ball' Johannes Crosse duct' gaole pred 16/10 [i.c., 16 July, 1613J per Warrant' Tho' Bennet Mil' ad mandat' [blank]. In the sub-section, entitled" Reprivat' ad metius inquirend' " (inter alia), the following: Rep,.' sine ball' Georgius [? BJraye deliberatur Alicia Butler And, among other entries added by the clerk of the court: Repr sine ball' Ricardus Fallowes The files for the G.D. Sessions subsequent to the preceding March are all extant and complete (with their respective Newgate calendars), but yield no documents or items relating specifically to Catholics or recusants. They are of the following dates: 16 April, 19 May, and 30 June, 1613. The calendar of 19 May contains, among a number of entries added by the clerk of the court, the following: Repr' sine ball' Alicia Thomas Repr' sine ball' Beniaminus Lee This calendar is remarkable as being the earliest which possesses an extra section, added in the hand of the gaol clerk, and entitled" Reprivat' poste et ante Judiciu'" (" Reprieved before and after judgment ")-a section which occurs regularly in later years. None of the persons whose names (in this calendar) are entered beneath was indicted for an offence connected with religion. The Newgate calendar wrapping the file for 30 June gives the following entry among others added by the clerk of the court: Repr' sine balt' Alicia Butler


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

AUGUST 1613

89

Barnado nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis mercator Johannes Hams nuper de parochia sancte Marie Aldermanburye in warda de Criplegate London pred' silkweaver Bersaba Studley nuper de parochia sancti Martini in Ie vintrye in warda de Ie Vintrye London pred' spinster Bartholomeus Honorett nuper de parochia sancte Trinitatis in warda de Portsoken London pred' extran' Robertus Salloway de parochia sancti Martini Outwiche in warda de Broadstreete yom an et Petrus Henricus de parochia sancte Marie Ad montem in warda de Billingsgate London pred' yoman* qui primo die Marcii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo et Seotie XLVIto .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' predictum primum diem Marcii [formula as (4), p. 33J. Proclamat' fuer' secundum form' statuti etc. [L. marginJ Billa Vera

*

XXXIX

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 21 APRIL, 13 JAMES I (1615).~

[Indictment of Ann Lovett and eighteen other persons for recusancy.] = London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Anna Lovett nuper [de paroJchia sancti Andr' in Holbome in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' spynster Dor .... [ J ยง Draper de eisdem parochia et warda in medicin' doctor' Johannes Deveere alias Penson de pareochia sancte BrJigitte in dicta warda de Farringdon

* The word yoman is interlined in another hand in MS.

~ This file is in a very poor condition, but apparently complete. A fragment of the current Newgate calendar is attached. Of the Sessions files for the Gaol Deliveries held after August, 1613, those of the following dates remain, none of which contains any documents formally relating to Catholics or recusants: (a) 9 September, 1613. In the sub-section of the calendar of this date, headed" Reprivat' ad melius inquirend'," occur the following entries, inter alia: Georgius Braye Repr' sine ball' Repr' sine ball' Georgius Owen Comiss' per J ustic' apud Hickshall (b) 1 October, 1613; with Newgate calendar attached: (c) 18 February, 161 3/14; also with Newgate calendar: (d) 6 May, 1614. Thirteen of the twenty-four indictments on this file have been so badly mutilated as to leave no indication whatever of their contents. The Newgate calendar of this last date gives, among a number of names in the hand of the clerk of the court, the following: Repr' sine ball' Johannes Gwynne All records of the G.D. Sessions of the following dates are missing: 2 December,1613; 12 January, 1613/14; 30 March, 9 June, 18 July, 31 August, 7 October, 5 December, 1614; 16 January, 17 February, 1614/15; and 29 March, 1615. = In several places this indictment is either utterly destroyed or rendered indecipherable by damp. The lower part, which probably contained the usual notes" Billa Vera" and" Proclamati fuerunt," etc., has disappeared altogether. Enough, however, remains to assure us of the character of the document as an indictment for recusancy covering the period of one month from 1 March, 1614/15. ยง The entry beginning Dor . . , and the Christian name of Dr. Draper are obliterated.


90

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1615

extra yeoman Jacobus Hudson de eisdem parochia et warda udge de eisdem parochia et warda ult' pred' yeoman Margareta Boulton uxor Edmundi Boulton de parochia [et warda] ult' pred' [ ].yc Maria Allytt de parochia et warda ult' pred' spynster Margareta Hudson de parochia et warda ult' pred' spynster, Helena Haynes de parochia et warda ult' pred' spynster, Maria Lardge de parochia et warda ult' pred' spynster Carolus Obear de parochia sancti Barth' Magn' in dicta warda de Farringdon extra extran', Edwardus Gadburye de parochia sancti Bottolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London generos' Cicilia Tubman uxor Ricardi Tubman de parochia sancti Bottolphi extra Aigate in warda de Algate London generos' Jana Collye uxor Johannis Collye de parochia sancti Martini Ludgate in warda de Farringdon infra London scissor' Adrianus Henricke de parochia sancte Marie Athill in warda de Billingsgate London extran' Margareta Miles de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London spynster Anna Powell de parochia et warda ult' pred' spynster et Stephanus Johnson de parochia Ecclesie Christi in warda de Farringdon infra London yeoman Qui primo die Marcii Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... duodecimo .... [formula probably as (4), p. 33J. [L. margin] Billa Vera

[ ]* ....

XL

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING

13 JAMES I (1615/16). = this Sessions, in upper section entitled inter alia.] ยง Robinson, deten' in gaolo pred' per war' Bennett Mil' et Nicholai Kempe Ar' pro

12 JANUARY,

[Newgate Calendar for London ss. 1615 "; Repr sine ball' Johannes JohaImis It

*

The remainder of the entry beginning Jacobus Hudson, and the Christian name and part of the surname of the following entry are obliterated . .yc The word indicating the status or occupation of Edmund Boulton is illegible. The files for the G.D. Sessions of 25 May and 5 September, 1615, are extant, but no documents concerning prosecutions for religion appear on either. To each file is attached the current Newgate calendar, the following entries appearing, inter ali a, in the upper section of that of 5 September: Repr sine ball' Thomas Jenings detenetr in Gaolo [sic] pred' per warr' Stephan' Soame Milit' [remainder missing]. R epr sine ball' Edetha Tyson detenetr in Gaolo [sic] pred' per warr' Stephan' Soame Mil' [remainder missing]. Note.-The right-hand side of this calendar has been torn away. A separate file of recognizances (S.P. and G.D.) for the Sessions of 1 December, 1615, exists, but the indictments have disappeared . All records of the Sessions of 3 July, 2 August, and 6 October of this year are missing. ยง In this Newgate calendar appears also the following entry: Repr sine ball' Thomas Ayres deten' in gaolo [sic] pred' per war' Episcop' London, Thome Edwards et Nicholai Kempe Ar', videlicet for holdinge and mayntayninge eronious and scandelous opinions derogatorye and Contrarye to Religion None of the entries in this calendar is dated. The nearest date we have, therefore, for the committal of Robinson, Smith, and Norton is between 1 December, 1615 (the date of the last Sessions), and 12 January, 1615/1-6.

=

-


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1615/16

91

Caus' Romana, videlicet for refusinge to take the oathe of allegiance Repr sine ball' Johannes Smithe detel'l ' in gaolo pred', per war' Episcop' London Willelmi Bird et Nicholai Kempe Ar' pro Caus' Romana, videlicet for Refusinge to take the oathe of allegiance Repr sine ball' Bassell Norton deten' in gaolo pred' per war' Episcop' London. Thome Edwards et vVillelmi Bird Ar' pro Caus' Romana, videlicet refusinge to take the oathe of allegiance [In sub-section, entitled" Reprivatus [sic] ad melius Inquirend' "*; inter alia.] R pr . b ll' J Charatye Pinkewell e s~ne a l Johannes Richardson Prest-If XLI

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 15 MARCH, 13 JAMES I (1615/16).:t

[Indictment of Legon Vallett for recusancy.J Proclamat' fuit secundum form' statuti etc. London ss. Jurator' .... pre;:)entant quod Legon Vallett de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London yeoman qui decimo die Septembris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo tertio et Scotie XLIXo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' predictu' decimu' diem Septembris .... [formula as (1), p. 28J. . [L. marginJ Billa Vera [EndorsedJ .W ittnesses [sic] Henry Lammas XLII

FILE FOR GENERAL SESSIONS OF OYER AND TERMINER, BEGINNING 26 JUNE, 14 JAMES I (1616). ยง

[Indictment of Thomas Maxfield for priesthood.] Po se Cul' Ca' null' vide iudicium in dorso London ss. Jurator' pro Domino Rege super sacramentu' suu' cJ. Introd., p. xxvi. (I)

*

1"c The word Prest, I take it, stands for

II

Priest."

:I: The Newgate calendar of this date is extant but contains no entries likely to refer to Catholics or recusants. The file for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 20 February is missing. ยง The records of this O. and T. Sessions have been filed with the documents relating to two other sessions of Oyer and Terminer held on April 12th and October 4th in the same year (1616), at each of which sessions two persons were tried for coining. The cover-membrane of the file is thus inscribed: J oiles Maiore Duodecimo die Aprilis 1616, Vicesimo sexto die Junii 1616 & Quarto die Octobris 1616, Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Angl' etc. Decimo quarto. Record' triu' Session' tent' separalibus diebus supradictis Oyer & Term r Blessed Thomas Maxfield's was the only .case dealt with at this Session of June 26th. In addition to the documents given in the text the usual two precepts of veni,'e facias are also filed, but contain no additional .information beyond the fact-recorded in the petty jury precept- that the jury were required to attend "vicesimo sexto die J unii ad horqm p" imam post meridiem eiusdem diei."


92

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1616

present ant quod Thomas Maxfield nuper de London Clericus natus infra hoc regnu' Anglie videlicet apud Mare in Com' Stafford et post fest' Nativitatis sancti Johannis Baptist' Anno regni domine Elizabethe nuper Regine Anglie primo et ante tertiu' diem Novembris Annis regni domini nostri Jacobi dei gra' Anglie Francie et Hibernie Regis fidei defensor' etc. decimo tertio et Scotie XLIX 0 apud Doway in partibus transmarinis fact' et ordinat' Sacerdos per authoritatem derivat' et pretens' a sede Romana leges et statui' huius regni Anglie minime ponderans nec pen' in eisdem Content' aliqualiter verens predicto tertio die Novembris Annis regni dicti domini Regis nunc Anglie Francie et Hibernie decimo tertio et Scotie XLIX 0 supradictis a partibus transmarinis predictis in hoc regnu' Anglie proditorie venit videlicet usque London usque parochiam beate Marie de Arcubus in warda de Cheape London pred' et ibidem videlicet apud London pred' in parochia et warda predictis predicto tertio die Novembris Annis XIIIo et XLIXo supradictis et diversis diebus postea proditorie et ut falsus proditor dicti domini Regis moram fecit fuit et remansit contra form' statut' in huiusmodi Casu edit' et provis' necnon contra pacem dicti domini Regis nunc Coron' et dignitat' suas etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera The wthinnamed Thomas Maxfield before his arraignemente was tendered the oath of alleagance in open Cou,rt, wch he absol~ttely refused to take. It was proved and Confessed by the said Thomas Maxfield that he was heere in England about sixe yeres sithence, and after wardes went beyonde ye seas unto Doway, where he received the orders of Preisthood by authoritie derived from ye sea of Rome. That he retorned from Doway into England againe before November laste. That after his last retourne he was heere & Comitted Prisoner in ye Gatehouse where he brake ye prison. [signed] H. M ountagu Ideo cons' est per Cur' quod infranominat' Thomas 1.11axfeild prisone unde venerat reducatr et ibidem super Claiam ponat r et abinde super Claiam illam trahat r usque furcas de Tybourne et ibidem suspend' per Coll' et semivivens deiiciat r et super terr' prosternatr et quod membra et interiora sua extra ventrem suam [sic] trahantl' ipso vivent' et ibidem in igne ponantr et Comburantur et quod Caput suu' amputetr ac Corpus suu' in quatuor partes dividatr ac Caput et quarter' sua ponant r ubi dict~ts domin~ts Rex ea assignari voluerit etc.'

*

(2) [Grand Jury panel.] London ss. Ad inquirend' pro Domino Rege Ricardus Holenden - ] ur' Johannes Keysar - ] ur'

*

Maer. C/. vol. iii, C.R.S. , The English memorandum and the Latin record of judgment are both in the same hand as that of the minute Po se Cul etc., on the face of the indictment (i.e., that of the clerk of the court). The signature, H . lWountag'u, is in an entirely diffe:rent hand .


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

I6I6

93

- jur' Willelmus Walton Jacobus Sherley - Jur' Thomas Copstack -Jur' - jur' Johannes I thell . Jacobus Parkes - Jur' - jttr' Egidius Wyatt Thomas Man - jur' Pierceus Richardson - jur' - ju'r' Jacobus Blithe Thomas Sharples - Jur' Edwardus Burie - j~tr' Edmundus Willis - Jur' Nicholaus Clegat - Jur' Quilibet Jur' pred' per se attach' est per J ohannem Doo & Ricardum Roo [sic] [Endorsed] J olles Maiore Sessio Oyer et terminer tent' pro Civitate London apud J usticehall in Ie olde Bayly in parochia sancti Sepu1chri in warda de Farringdon extra in suburb' London pred' die Mercur' scilicet vicesimo sexto die Junii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. decimo quarto et Scotie XLIX° coranl J ohanne J olles milite Maiore Civitatis London pred' . J ohanne Garrard milite Willelmo Bowyer milite Thoma Fowler milite Baptist Hicks milite J ohanne Bennett milite Henrico Mountagu milite un' servien' dicti Domini 'Regis ad legem ac Recordator' Civitatis pred' Thoma Lowe milite Thoma Jones Francisco Michell et Petro Phesant armigeris Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad inquirend' de quibuscunque prodicionibus etc. et ad easdem prodiciones et alia premiss' audiend' et terminand' secundum legem et cons' huius regni Anglie assign' Quo quidem die sessio predict a adiornat' fuit usque diem Crastinum scilicet vicesimu' septimu' diem dicti mensis Junii ad horam septimam ante meridiem eiusdem diei apud J usticehall pred' tenend' Quo quidem XXVIIo die Junii Sess' pred' adiornat' fuit usque diem J ovis scilicet primu' diem Augusti prox' futur', ad horam septimam ante meridiem eiusdem diei apud J usticehall pred' tenend' etc.

*

(3) [Petty Jury panel.] London ss. Ad triand' pro Domino Rege Johannes Dagger Willelmus Trebeek Ricardus Braby Robertus Jones Henr' Crathorne Rolandus Worthington Willelmus Braye -

*

J ur' Jur' J ur' Jur' J ur'

Jur' Jur'

In this endorsement we have the fullest available list of justices commissioned for the trial of Bl. Thomas Maxfield. , On which day another case was heard. Maxfield's trial ended on June 27th.


94

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE'

Rogerus Danyell Anthonius Norton Thomas Cambell Humfridus Waterson Robertus Higden Quilibet J ur' pred' per se attach' est per J ohannem Doo & Ricardum Roo [sic] XLIII

JUNE

-

Jur' Jur'

-

Iur'

-

r6r6

J~tr'

-Jur'

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING r6 JANUARY, I4 JAMES I (I6I6/I7).*

(r)

[Indictment of Joseph. Lovett and fifty-six other persons for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuer' omnes secundum form' Statuti etc. London S5. Jurator' .... present ant quod Josephus Lovett nuper de parochia sancti Andrei [sic] in Holbome in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' Aurifaber et Rosa uxor eius Margareta Weston nuper de parochia et warda predictis spinster Johanna Thacham nuper de parochia et warda predictis spinster et Anna ancilla eius Anna Newby nuper de parochia et warda predictis vid' Anna uxor Oliver' Pltmckett nuper de parochia et warda predictis Cutler Johannes Leisted nuper de parochia et warda predictis Apothecary et Maria uxor eius et Johanna Thompson eor' ancilla Thomas Fitzsimons nuper de parochia et warda predictis Painter Dreu Lovett nuper de parochia et warda predictis Aur' et Elizabetha uxor eius Ricardus Lovett frater pred' Dreu Lovett et Maria Hobby habitant' in Domo eiusdem Dreu Lovett Joicea Day nuper de parochia et warda predictis vid' Willelmus Sutton nuper de parochia et warda predictis Tinctor et Sara uxor eiu5, Anna uxor Lionel' Tichborne nuper de parochia et warda predictis gener' et Editha Lawrence eor' ancilla Edwardus Elverton nuper de parochia et warda predict is generos' et Dorcas uxor Roberti Draper nuper de parochia et warda predictis generos' Ellena uxor J ohannis Robinson nuper de parochia sancte Anne in Ie Blackfryers scissor' Edwardus Pryn nuper de parochia sancti Alphagie in warda de Criplegate infra London pred' miles J eromias Desoldie nuper de parochia sancti Andrei Undershaft in warda de Algate London pred' exComparuit et habet diem ad indictament' traneus et Alicia uxor eius Ludovicus Tresham nuper de parointerloquend' usque Sess' gaole deliberacionis prox' post termin' sancti

*

The Newgate calendar of this date is missing. With regard to the records of the G.D. Sessions beld after the 'p receding March, the files for 12 April and 6 September, 1616, are extant but contain no matter explicitly referring to Catholics or recusants. In each case the Newgate calendar is intact, that of the latter date giving, 'inter alia in the sub-section entitled "Reprivati ad melius inquirend'," the following entries: Repr' sine ball' Hugo Panton . Repr' sine ball' Jaiieta 'W ebster Nb records remain of the Sessions of 16 May, ~6 June, I August, 4 October, and 4 December, 1616.


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1616/17

95

chia sancti Buttolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate Michaelis prox' lutur' tenend' etc. Comparuit et habet diem ad indicLondon pred' miles Thomas Frear nuper de parochia tament' interloquend' usq~6e prox' Sess' gaole deliberacionis pro Civiet warda ultime predict is Doctor medicine Ricardus Greenebury tate London tenend' etc.' nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis generos' Henricus Wise nuper de parochia sanctor' Bride et Brigitte [sic] in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' weaver et Secilia uxor eius Ricardus Harrison nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis scissor et Sicilia uxor eius Jana Wetherall uxor Jacobi Wetherall nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis Homer Anna Hunt nuper de parochia sancti Buttolphi extra Bishopsgate in warda de Bishopsgate London pred' vid' Philippus Bamardo et Franciscus Sippriano nuper de parochia sancte Katherine Creechurch in warda de Algate London pred' Extranei et Johanna uxor Johannis Halie nuper de parochia et warda ultiine predictis yeoman Bennetta Greene nuper de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' spinster Ellenora uxor Willelmi Browne nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis glover Anna Tallis nuper de parochia et warda ultime predict is vid' et Johannes Tallis filius eius et Margareta Baker Ancilla eiusdem Anne Tallis Anna Houlden nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis spinster Maria Alkington nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis vid' et Maria filia eius Alicia Edward nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis spinster Nicholaus Pilgrim nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis scissor et Margareta uxor eius Martinus \Vhite lluper de parochia et warda ultime predict is scissor et Margeria uxor eius Anna Powell lluper de parochia et warda ultime predictis spinster Anna uxor Thome Griseld nuper de parochia et warda ultime predict is Chaundler Thomas Crow nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis Imbroderer et Francisca uxor vValteri Spencer nuper de parochia et warda ultime predict is generosi et \Villelmus Jewdy nuper de parochia sancti Stephani in Colemanstreete in warda de Colemallstreete London pred' Clothworker Johannes Fitzwilliams nuper de parochia omniu' sanctor' in muro in warda de Broadstreete London pred' gener' et Brigitta uxor eius:I: qui decimo die Septembris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... Decimo quarto et Scotie Lmo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' Xm diem Septembris .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. [L. margin.] Billa Vera

*

*

Ang. : "He [TreshamJ appeared [i.e. , at the next (February) Sessions] and has a " day" to imparl the indictment until the first Sessions of Gaol Delivery to be held after next Michaelmas Term." To" imparl" was to discuss or consider, with a view to preparing a defence. Cf. Jacob, Law Dictionary. , Ang.: "He lFrearJ appeared [at the nex t Sessions] and is given a 'day' to imparl the indictment until the next [April] Sessions of Gaol Deiivery t o be held for the City of London." ~ The entry Johannes Fitzwilliams .... UXOr eius is interlined in MS.


96

SESSIONS FILE

JAMES I

JANUARY

16r6/17

*

(2) [Record of the pardon of Edward Elverton.] Et modo ad hanc prox' generalem deliberacionem gaole pred' ~ yen' predictus Edwardus Elverton in propria persona sua et dicit quod Dominus Rex per litteras suas patent' geren' dat' apud Westmr secundo die Januarii Anno regni sui Anglie Francie et Hibernie quarto decimo et Scotie quinquagesimo ex speciali gratia certa scientia et mero motu suis pro ipso hered' et successor' suis pardonavit remis' et relaxavit pred' Edwardi:I1 Elverton per nomen Edwardi:I1 Yelverton hered' executor' administrator' et assign' eius Omnia offens' Contempt' malefacta forisfactur' penalitat' et pecuniar' summas penas Corporal' et pecuniar' judicia et execuciones que per ipsum Dominum Regem quibuscunque modis pardonar' poterint [sic] ante et usque ad diem dat' dictar' litterar' paten' per vel racione Recusanc' dicti Edwardi vel pro vel ratione sive occacione ullius offens' mater' act' vel rei cuiuscunque habit' fact' perpetrat' sive Commiss' per pred' Edwardum contra aliquam legem ipsius Domini Regis statut' et ordinacio' antehac habit' fact' vel provis' vers' Recusantes vel aliquo modo tangen' vel Concernen' Recusantes Et predictus Edwardus Elverton profert hic in Cur' litteras patent' pred' et humiliter pet' allocacionem inde que sibi allocantr per Cur' Et ulterius Cons' est per Cur' quod Edwardus Elverton de indictament' pred' § ulterius respondend' et omnimod' Conviccione super inde penitus exoneretr et quod eat inde quiet' sine die etc. [Endorsed] Ad deliberacionem gaole tent' vicesimo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi XIIIIo infert r hoc piacitu'll (3) [Thomas Frear's plea of not guilty."]~ London ss. Et modo ad prox' deliberacionem gaole domini Regis tent' pro Civitate London pred' usque quam de Newgate pred' predictus Thomas Frear habuerat die:r:n ad indictament' pred' interloquend' yen' predict us Thomas Frear per Henricu' Frear Attornatu' suu' et habit' audit' indictament' pred' dicit ipse non est Culpabilis contra form' statut' in indictament' pred' specificat' modo et forma prout per indictament' pred' versus eu' superius supponitr Et de hoc petit quod inquiratr per patriam etc. [Endorsed] Ad deliberacionem gaole tent' tertio die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi XVto infert r hoc placitu' ~ ~ H

**

*

This and the following document have been subsequently added to the file; see endorsements. English translation of the former in Appendix B, P·3 85· ~ I.e., the sessions of 20 February, 1616/17 (c/. endorsement). :I1 Sic in MS. for Edwardo. § I.e., the preceding document. II The words hoc placitu' refer to Elverton's plea of " pardon" recorded in this document. ~ English translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 385. I.e., the Gaol Delivery Sessions beginning 3 April, 1617 (cf. endorsement) . ~ ~ The course of the proceedings against Thomas Frear was as follows. He appeared before the court at the sessions of February, 1616/17 (to which he

**


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

I616/I7

97

*

"

(4)

[Indictment of ten persons for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuer' omnes secundum form~ statut'i etc. London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Ricardus [ ]~ London pred' Verginalmaker Franciscus Smyth Stephanus Johnson et Sarah [ ] ~ De Costa nuper de parochia Sancte Katherine Creechurch in warda de Algate London pred' [ ] § uxor Roberti Peacock nuper de parochia sancte Mildrede in Breadstreete in warda de Breadstreete London pred' mercator' II Maria Crompton uxor Ricardi Crompton nuper de parochia Sancti Martini Ludgate in warda de Farringdon infra London pred' Hab r Petrus Henricus nuper de parochia Sancte Marie ad montem in warda de Billingsgate London pred' [ J ~ Johannes Hams nuper de parochia Sancte Marie Aldermanbury in warda de Criplegate London pred' silkBockett uxor Thome Bockett nuperde parochia weaver [? Maria] Sancti Martini in Ie Vintry in warda de Vintrey London pred' Labourer qui primo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo quarto et Scotie Lmo .... ad aliquod tempus infra duos menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Octobr' . . .. [formula as (4), p. 33]. [L. margin] Billa Vera

**

XLIV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING I MAY, 15 JAMES I (I617). ~ ~

[Indictment of Edward Gadburye and eight other persons for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuer' omnes secundum form' statuti etc. London ss. Jurator' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' present ant quod Edwardus Gadburye nuper de parochia sancti was summoned) and petitioned for a period of respite (a " day") that he might have opportunity to imparl or consider his indictment, with a view to preparing his defence. The court granted a respite for imparlance until the next sessions (April). He duly appeared in the person of his attorney at the sessions of April and, pleading "not guilty," put himself on his country. Presumably the court then again gave a day until the following sessions (May), when his case was tried by a jury. Unfortunately there is no record of the final result of the process at the May sessions. The Sessions Book which would have noted this has disappeared. The upper part of this indictment has been partially destroyed by damp, but it is safe to say that it originally included the names of ten persons only. t'f The surname, parish, and ward of this entry are obliterated. :t The remainder of this entry and the Christian name of De Costa are obliterated. . § The word giving De Costa's status or occupation is indecipherable; hkewise the Christian name of Robert Peacock's wife. II The word mercator' is interlined in MS. ~ The word giving the status or occupation of Peter Henricus is in· decipherable. This Christian name is very indistinct in MS. (doubtful) . ~ , This file contains six inquisitions-post-mortem on Newgate prisoners (offences not given), who are each stated to have died ex visitacione Dei of

*

**

G


98

JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

*

Bottolphi extra Aldersgate in warda de Aldersgate London Generos' Franciscus Holt nuper de parochia et warda predict is generos' Augustinus Huddlestone nuper de parochia sancti Sepu1chri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' generos' et Alicia uxor eius Margareta Bolton uxor Edmundi Bolton nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis generos' Suzanna Jubbs nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis vid' Anna Redman nuper de paroehia et warda ultime predietis vid' Maria Grimbury nuper de paroehia et warda ultime predictis spinster et Francisea Duine nuper de parochia et warda ultime predictis qui primo die J anuarii Annis Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... deeimo quarto et Scotie quinquagesimo .... ad aliquod tempus infra tres menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Januarii .... [formula as (4), p. 33J. [L. margin] Billa Vera XLV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEW GATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 3 SEPTEMBER, IS JAMES I (1617). ~

(I) [Recognizance for the appearance of Jerome Semyne to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod vicesimo quarto die Julii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. xvto vener' cora' me Anthonio Benn Ar' Reeordator' Civitat' London et uno J ustie' Carolus Bostoeke de parochia sancti Barthol' parvi prope regalem excambiu' civis et scriven or London et Ricardus Westrawe de paroebia Nicholai Acon civis et Clotbworker London et ceper' in ball' quenda' J eronimu' Semyne usque prox' Sess' gaole deliberacion' pro civitat' predicta "a pineing sicknes." The following analyses give the main particulars in each instance: (a) John Chapman died in prison 13 March, 1616/17, after an illne~s of seven days. Inquest taken 14 March. (b) William Hunt died in prison 16 March, 1616/17, after an illness lasting from 9 March. Inquest taken 17 March. (c) "\iVilliam Oasten, Thomas Coy and Anne 'Ward died in prison respectively 5 April, 5 April and 6 April, 1617, after illnesses of respectively fourteen, eighteen and three weeks. Inquests taken 8 April. (d) Richard Ransdall (? or Rausdall) died in prison 26 April, 1617, after an illness of fourteen days. Inquest taken 28 April. (e) Stephen Rogers died in prison 28 April, 1617, after an illness of eleven days. Inquest taken on day of death. (f) Arthur Saul died in prison 29 April, 1617, after an illness of nine days. Inquest taken on day of death. The Newgate calendar of this date (May, 1617) gives, inter alia, in the hand of the clerk of the court, the following entry: Rep", sine ball' Andreas Browne ven' a Computator' in Pulletr' Comiss' per Thomam Bennett. And in sub-section headed" Reprivat' ad melius inquirend'," inter alia]: Repr' sine ball' Rogerus Smith The file for the G.D. Sessions of 3 April, 1617 (with Newgate calendar) exists, but contains no matter formally relating to Catholics or recusants. The words in warda de Aldersgate London are 'i nterlined in MS. ~ The Newgate calendar of this date gives the following entry, inter alia, in the sub-section headed" Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' si1te ball' Radulphus Tappes The files for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 4 June and 16 July are missing.

r

*


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

1617

99

tenend' sub pen a uterque manucaptor predictos* in Centum et quinquaginta libras de bonis eor' separatim levand' etc. sub condicione quod predictus J eronimus Seyniine personaliter comparebit ad predict a' sess' et abinde non recesserit sine licentia Cur' Quod etc. [signed] Anty Benn comparuit et trad' in ball' prout pat' in K alendar' , To appere upon a daies warninge at the next Sess' and soe from Sess' to Sess', to live privat at his house in Redcross streete and to have access to the Spanish Embassador for the recovery of his health

(2)

[Indictment of John Grave and thirteen other persons for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuer' secundum form' statuti etc. London ss. Jurator' .... present ant quod Johannes Grave nuper de parochia sancti Andree in Holborne in warda de Farringdon extra London yeoman Alicia Hearsey nuper de parochia sancti Bottolphi .extra Aigate in warda de Aigate London vid' Thomas Prince nuper ~ de parochia sancte Brigitte in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman Jacobus Warren nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' yeoman Anna Collye uxor J ohannis Collye nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' scissor' Galfridus Miller nuper de parochia sancti Bartholomei magni in warda de Farringdon extra London yeoman Anna Doughtye nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' spinster Ricardus Stokes nuper de parochia sancte Katherine Creechurch in warda de Algate London yeoman Elizabetha Chaulton nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' spinster Ricardus Ruddocke nuper de parochia sancti Olavi in Silverstreete in warda de Cripplegate London pred' yeoman et Ursula uxor eius Johannes Harvey de parochia sancti Sepulchri in warda de Farringdon extra London pred' yeoman Maria Tallys nuper de parochia et warda ult' pred' ~pinster et Barbara Keys nuper de parochia sancti Thome Appostoli 111 warda de Cordwayner London pred' spinster Qui primo die Aprilis Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... ~ecimo quinto et Scotie quinquagesimo ... . ad aliquod tempus IJ.lfra duos menses prox' sequen' pred' primu' diem Aprilis .... [formula as (4), p. 33]. [L. margin] Billa Vera XLVI

REPERTORY OF THE COURT OF ALDERMEN, FEBRUARY

1617/18. [Rep. 33: fo1. 228]. Martis Decimo die Februarii 1617 Annoque Regni Regis Jacobi Angliae XVo [inter alia]

*t ¡1Sicn in MS. for utriusque manucaptor is predicti . "He appeared and is delivered in bail, as appears in the Kalen-

g.: dar (t.e., not the Newgate calendar, but probably the Sessions Book of this date, now lost). The word nupe'f is interlined in MS.

=


100

JAMES I

REPERTORY

FEBRUARY

Item this day Robert Farmer was brought before this Court by Michaell Wade dwelling in Aldersgate streete haberdasher and William Atkinson of St Andrewes in the Wardrope for a suspected Recusant Whereuppon the oth of Alleagiance mencioned in the statute of 3° Jacobi Cap 4to was by this Court tendered unto him the well he refused to take and therefore he was by this Court comitted to the gaole of Newgate there to remayne untill he conformc himselfe or other order be taken for his enlardgmt XLVII

1617 jr8

Robert Farmer

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 APRIL, JAMES I (1619).

17

[Newgate Calendar for this Sessions,* in sub-section entitled Reprivat' ad mel' inquirend' "; inter alia.] Repr' sine ball' Alexander Bouitt i4 pro Recusant' It

XLVIII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY. BEGINNING 13 APRIL, 19 JAMES I (1621).

=

[Indictment of Elizabeth Blackwell for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuit secundum form' statut etc. London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Elizabetha Blackwell nuper (I)

*

This Newgate calendar also gives, in the upper section, inter alia, the following entry: Repr' sine ball' Franciscus Stanley detinetr in gaola pred' super mandatu' Thome Bennett millt' With regard to the G.D. Sessions held after September, 1617, files for the following dates are extant but contain no matter of special interest to Catholics: 3 October, 1617 (Newgate calendar missing); 15 January, 1617/18 (recognizances only); 25 February, 1617/18 (Newgate calendar missing); 17 April, 1618 (Newgate calendar missing); I July, 1618 (recognizances only) ; 2 October, 1618 (Newgate calendar missing); 14 January, 1618/19 (Newgate calendar fragmentary) . A file for the Session of Oyer and Terminer of 18 February, 1618/19, also exists, containing the documents relating to one case of mint-treason. All records of the G.D. Sessions of the following dates are lost: 4 December, 1617; 20 March, 1617/18; 20 May, 6 August, 3 September, 3 December, 1618; 18 February and 18 March, 1618/19. , ? or Bonitt. ~ In the N ewgate calendar of this date occur the following entries, i1deY alia, in the sub-section headed Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' sine balt' Ricardus Clun Repr' sine ball' Radulphus Tappes Repr' sine ball' Samuel Baker Repr' sine ball' Willelmus Holte Repy' sine ball' Nathaniel Sparkes Files of the follO".ving dates after the Sessions of April, 1619, are extant, but contain no matter explicitly relating to Catholics or recusants: (a) 12 May, II


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL 162I

101

de parochia sancte Fidei in warda de Farringdon infra London vid' que d,uodecimo die Octobris Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo octavo et Scotie LIIIIo .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' predictu' duodecimu' diem Octobris .... [formula as (I), p. 28]. [Subsequent memorandum] Termino sancti Michaelis Anno Regni Regis Jacobi A nglie etc . . decimo nono certificatr tenor huius indictament' in Bancu' Regis virtute brevis de certior' extra e'U,ndem r' i bidem a die sancti Michaelis in 'XV dies [L. margin] Billa Vera [Endorsed] Johannes W ortharn ar Elizabetha Martyn'

*

(2) [Elizabeth Blackwell's plea of not guilty."]:I: Ad quem diem ยง ven' predict a Elizabetha Blackwell in propria persona sua et habito auditu indictament' pred' dicit quod ipsa non est cul'pabilis de transgr' Contempt' et offens' ei per indict amentu' pred' imposit' modo et forma prout per indictamentu' pred' vers' earn superius supponitr Et inde de bono et malo pon' se super patriam etc. Et Johannes Weld armiger qui pro domino Rege It

1619 (Newgate calendar fragmentary); (b) 18 February, 1619/20 (Newgate calendar missing); (c) 31 March, 1620. In the Newgate calendar appear

t he following entries, inter alia, in the sub-section headed "Reprivat' ad meHus inquirend' ": RePt" sine ball' Willelmus Robinson Repr' sine ball' Johannes Stanley Repr' sine baU' Christoferus Brodich Repr' sine ball' Edwardus Woorlech; (d) 31 May, 1620 (Newgate calendar missing); (e) 14 July, 1620. In the Newgate calendar of this date, in the sub-section entitled" Reprivat ' ad melius inquirend'," occur, inter alia: Repr' sine ball' Henricll!> Broughton Delr Johannes Stanley Repr' sine ball' Job Carnaby; (f) 1 September, 1620. The Newgate calendar attached to this file gives in t he upper section, inter alia: Repr' sine ball' Radulphus Tappes, detinet' in gaol' pred' ex mandato Mrl Recordator', [and in the sub-section headed" Reprivat' ad meHus inquirend'," inter alia:] Repr' sine ball' Henricus Broughton Repr' sine ball' .T ob Carnaby Repr' 'ut antea Johannes Lovett repr quia Cur' nondum advisant r etc. The records of the G.D. Sessions of the following dates have not suwived: 25 June, 28 July, 3 September, r October, 8 December, 1619 ; 14 January, 1619/20; 28 April, 6 October, 6 December, 1620; 12 January, 16 F ebruary, and 16 March, 1620/21. A ng. : "In Michaelmas term, in the nineteenth year of the reign of James, King of England, etc., the tenor of this indictment is certified into King's Bench by virtue of a writ of certiorari issuing from the same [and] returnable there within 15 days after St. Michael's day." , Witnesses for the prosecution. This document is a subsequent addition to the file: cJ. date of endorsement. ยง I.e ., 2 7 June, 1621 (cf. endorsement) .

*

=


102

JAMES

I

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL 1621

in hac parte sequitr similiter etc. Ideo ven' inde Jurat' Coram J ustie' ad prox' deliberacionem gaole pro Civitate London tenend' ubieumque etc. et qui nec etc. ad recogn' etc. quia etc. Idem dies dat' est tam prefat' Johanni Weld qui sequitr etc. quam prefat' Elizabethe Blackwell etc. [Endorsed] Ad deliberacionem gaole tent' XXVIIo die Junii Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Angl' etc. decimo nono inferl!' hoc placitu'

*

XLIX

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING IS FEBRUARY, 19 JAMES I (I62I/2). 'f4 (I) [Recognizance for the appearance of George Matchett to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod sext'::: die Februarii Ao Regni Regis Jacobi nunc Ang!' etc. XIXo Georgius Matchett paroch' sancti Dunstani in occident' gener' ven' coram me Heneagio Finch Armigero Recordator' London pred' sub pena' Cll' manucepit ยง se

*

I.e., the Gaol Delivery Sessions of 27 July. It is certain that the trial was fixed for this Sessions, for on this file (April) occurs the precept of venire facias, issued by John Weld, Clerk ofthe Peace, on June 28th, requiring the Sheriffs to summon a jury to try her case" die Veneris scilicet xxvii o die mensis Julii prox' futur' ad horam octavam ante meridiem eiusdem diei." It would appear, however, that Elizabeth Blackwell 'Produced the certiorari (to remove her case into King's Bench) before the trial began: otherwise the words et convictionis would have been inserted after indictament' in the memorandum on her indictment. 'f4 In the Newga te calendar of this date occur the following entries, inter alia, in the sub-section headed" Reprievat' ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' sine ball' Willelmus Holte Repr' sine ball' Ricardus Clunn Repr' sine ball' J arvasius Strickland With regard to the G.D. Sessions held after the preceding April, 1621, the file for 27 June exists, but contains no matter explicitly relating to Catholics or recusants. The attached Newgate calendar gives, inter alia, in the sub-section headed "Reprivat' ad meHus inquirend'" the following entries: Repr' sine ball' Ricardus Clunn Repr' sine ball' Radulphus Tappes Repr' sine ball' Johannes Eacupp Repr' sine ball' Maria Light Repr' sine ball' Alexander Hanington Repr' sine ball' Nathaniel Sparkes r Indictat Willelmus Holte [N ote: the marginal note "Indictatr " to the last entry is possibly a clerical error, for no indictment against Holte is to be found on the file. However, if he was actually indicted, there can be no doubt but that proceedings were stayed, for Holte's name reappears in the calendar of 15 Feb., 1621/2 (see above), with the marginal note indicating his further remand .. ad melius inquirend'."J A few documents (including three indictments) belonging to the original ftle of 5 September also remain, but nothing of interest to Catholics appears. The Newgate calendar of this date is missing. The records of the G.D. Sessions of the following dates have disappeared: 16 May, 27 July, 5 October, 5 December, 1621, and 16 January, 1621/2. The word sext' is badly rubbed in MS.-possibly sept'. ยง Manucepit (from manucapere=to mainprize or become mainpernor for) in this context would seem to be an error on the part of the engrosser. The usual word employed in bail-bonds of this formula is recog1JOvit = acknowledged (cf. document (I), p. 47).

=


JAMES I

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY 1621 / 2

103

deber' Dicto Domino Regi levari etc. quod compar' ad prox' sess' gaol' Del' ad respond' etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Heneage Finch Recordr Compar'ltit for requestinge the Keper of Newgate that Laurence Worthington a Jesuat preist myght goe abroad out of the gaole of Newgate upon web request Worthington was had abroad & thereby is escaped .

(2)

[Indictment of Robert Curtys for recusancy.] Proclamat' fuit secundum form' statut' etc. London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Robertus Curtys de parochia sancti Dionisli Backchurch in warda de Langbourne London pewterer qui decimo die Augusti Annis regni Domini nostri Jacobi Dei gra' Anglie .... decimo nono et Scotie quinquagesimo quinto .... ad aliquod tempus infra sex menses prox' sequen' pred' decimu' diem Augusti .... [formula as (I), p. 28]. [Endorsed] Frauncis Lanington } testes Nicholas Woodcraft Billa Vera*

L

REPERTORY OF THE COURT OF ALDERMEN, MAY 1622 . [Rep. 36: fol. 142].

J ovis decimo sexto die Mali 1622 Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie etc. vicesimo [inter alia]

*

Only four other files belonging to the reign of James I remain, none of which contains any information specifically referring to Catholics or recusants. The dates of these files are as follows: (a) 29 March, 1622. The Newgate calendar attached gives the following entries, inter alia, in the sub-section headed" Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' sine ball' Willelmus Holt Repr' sine ball' Ricardus Clunn (b) 5 June, 1622 (Newgate calendar missing). This file contains a recognizance which possibly refers to a Catholic priest. I give it here in full: London ss. Md' quod XXo die Mali Ao Regni Regis Jacobi nunc Anglie etc. XXo Willelmus Jackson paroch' de Christchurch London Clericus ven' coram me Heneagio Finch Armigero Recordat' London pred' sub pena Cll' Thomas Peirce paroch' sancti Sepulchri gener' sub pena Vi' et Ricardus Matthewes paroch' sancti Buttolphi exta Bishopsgate yeorn' sub pena Vi' manuceperunt [sic] se debere dicto Domino Regi levari etc. quod pred' Willelmus compar' ad prox' session' gaol' Del' quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Heneage Finch Recorder To pleade his pardon Non Comparu,it (c) 17 July, 1622 (fragmentary). The Newgate calendar of this date has the following entry, inter alia, in the hand of the clerk of the court : Repr' sine ball' Henricus Roberts comiss' in Cur' (d) 4 October, 1622. The Newgate calendar gives the following entries, inter alia, in the sub-section headed "Reprivat' ad melius inquirend' ": Repr' ut antea Willelmus Holte Repr' ut tlntea Jacobus Hinscliff No files remain between this last date and 29 May, 15 Charles I (1639) .


104

JAMES I

REPERTORY

MAY

1622

Item this day Mannaduke Baxter Cittizen and . Baxter Musicion of London beinge here convented commissus and havinge the oathe of allegiance tendered unto him by the Lord Maior and other Justices of the peace here present refused to take the saide oathe, for which his obstinacy the said Baxter is comitted to the Gaole of N ewgate by the said Justices their to remaine untill by the due course of the lawes of this Realme he shalbee thence delivered CHARLES 1.

(27 March, 1625-30 January, 1648/9.) I

1625. [Rep. 40: fol. 28]. Jovis Vicesimo quarto die Novembris 1625 Anno Regni Regis Caroli Anglie etc. primo [inter alia]. I tern this daie Richard Allcot Quarles Alcott Quarles gent' being Convented before comitted to this Court for a suspected Newgat for a suspected Papist Preist, is by this Court Comitted to the goale of N ewgate there Papist Preist to remayne untill other order bee taken for his enlargment REPERTORY OF THE COURT OF ALDERMEN, NOVEMBER

II

SESSIONS FILE. SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 29 MAY, 15 CHARLES I (1639).*

[Indictment of Charles Powell for recusancy.] London SSe Jur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentu' suu' presentant quod Carolus Powell de parochia sancte Bridgette alias Bride in warda de Farringdon extra London Pynn marchant vicesimo die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli dei gra' Anglie Scocie Francie et Hibernie Regis fidei defensoris etc. quarto decimo fuit etatis sexdecim Annor' et ultra et non accessit ang Ce did not repaire ad Ecc1esiam parochialem sancte Bridgitte alias Bride

*

This is the only sessions file extant for the reign of Charles I. Among the documents it contains is an inquisition-post-mortem on Thomas Watson, a prisoner in Newgate, who died a natural death in gaol on April 26th, 1639, " ex visitacione DeL" Inquest taken 27 April. Cause of imprisonment not given. The Newgate calendar-wrapper of this date (29 May, 1639) has the following entries, inter alia, in the sub-section headed "Prisonar' reprivat' pro melior' [sic] Inquirend' ": Repr' ad (Edward Anderson I ¡, d' ~ Johannes Barnes J' repr' ad prior' ord' Pnor or l Willelmus King


CHARLES I

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

1639

105

pred' nec ad aliquam al' Ecclesiam Capella' sive usualem locu' communis precacionis nec ibidem fuit tel1lpore communis precacionis ad aliquod tempus infra spaciu' trium mensium prox' sequen' predictu' vicesimu' diem Februarii Anno XlIII supradicto sed abstinuit ab eisdem ang ce hath forborne the same a pred' vicesimo die Februarii Anno XlIII supradicto per pred' spaciu' pred' triu' mensiu' extunc prox' sequen' In contempt' dicti domini Regis nunc legumque suar' contra forma' statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' Ac contra pacem dicti domini Regis nunc Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. Pro clam' fuit [Subsequent memorandum] postea ad deliberacionem Gaole domini Regis de N ewgate tent' pro Civitate London die lune scilicet octavo die juli'i Anno Regni Regis Caroli Xv o pred' Carolus non comparuit nec reddidit se vic' London sed defalt' fecit Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera Barthol: Chisell Hugh Neson'

*

COMMONWEALTH. (3 0 January, 1648/9-15 December, 1653.) I

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGIN,NING

10 MAY, 1649. = [Inquisition-post-mortem on John Hazell, prisoner in Newgate.] ยง London ss. Inquisicio Indentat' Capt' apud Gaolam de N ewgate London nono dieMaii Anno Domini Millesimo sexcentesimo quadra(1)

*

Ang,: "Afterwards at the delivery of the Lord the King's gaol of Newgate held for the City of London on Monday, to wit, on the eighth day of July in the 15th year of the reign of King Charles, the aforesaid Charles did not appear nor did he surrender himself to the Sheriffs of London, but made default. Therefore etc." (Cf. Introd" p. xIii.) , Witnesses for the prosecution. This great file comprises the documents relating to the G,D. Sessions of 10 May, the Sessions of the Peace of 16 April and 7 May, and also a General Session of Oyer and Terminer of 10 May. In the Newgate calendar (10 May), intel' alia in the sub-section headed" Prisonar' Repr' ad Ord'," occurs: mort' Ricardus Wright Repr' pro Manucapt' ad Comparend' ad prox' [i.e., " reprieved until he obtain mainpernors for his appearance at the next sessions "J. The file for the first G.D. Sessions under the Commonwealth (4 April, 1649) is missing. ยง That John Hazell was a Catholic seems certain (cf. current Newgate calendar, text and note). Translation of this document in Appendix B, p. 3 86. Two other inquisitions-past-mortem on Newgate prisoners immediately precede this document on the file, giving the following particulars: (a) Wi11i~m Fenwicke died in Newgate I April, 1649, "ex visitacione Dei." Inquest taken 3 April. (b) Nicholas Reynolds and Richard 'Wright both died in Newgate on 28 April, " ex visitacione DeL" Inquest taken on day of deaths. (The cause of imprisonment is not stated in either of these inquests.)

=


106

COMMONWEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

1649

gesimo nono coram Roberto Keresforth gener' Coron' Civitat' London predict' super visum Corporis cuiusdam Johannis Hazell adtunc & ibidem mortui jacen' ac in custod' ibidem detent' per sacramentum Christoferi Gibbs Thome Cope Jonathan Bedwell Ricardi Acres Radulfi Allestree Daniells Harris Thome Shelman Johannis Bright Willelmi Adee Jacobi Blackwell Ricardi Peele & Willelmi Carpenter probor' et legal' hominu' Civitat' London predict' qui iurat' et onerat' ad inquirend' quando qualiter et quomodo predict' Johannes Hazell ad mortem suam devenit dicunt super sacramentum suu' predict' quod predict' Johannes Hazell octavo dieMaii predict' Anno supradicto in Gaola predict' ex visitacione Dei obiit Et sic Jur' predict' super sacramentum suu' predict' dicunt quod predict' Johannes Hazell modo et forma predict' ad mortem suam devenit et non aliter ad eor' notic' In cuius rei testimoniu' tam prefat' Coron' quam Jur' predict' huic Inquisicioni sigilla sua apposuer' Die Anno & loco primo supradictis etc. Exr per me Robertum Keresforth Coron' Civitat' predict' etc. (2) [Newgate Calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisonar' Repr' ad Ord'."J , Mort' David Jones:!: Christian Bradley Radulfus Kilbourne Repr' ad Repr ad prior' ordin' ยง Gilfford Hennedge prior' Ord' { Robertus Curtys Johannes Lyon et Mort' Johannes Hasell [Inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisonar' Convict' et Repr' Ante et Post J udiciu' ."J Thomas Budd alias Petoe alias }Repr' perWarr: Johannis Warner Domini Maior' et al' in Sess' White alias Greyll

*

tI

tI

Januariil647~

II

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING

21 JUNE, 1649. [Newgate Calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisonar' Repr' ad Ord'."J

*

H

Cf. Introd., p. xxxii, for comments on Newgate inquisitions-postmortem . .yc Concerning section-titles on Commonwealth calendars see Introd., p. xxviii. :: The inquisition p.m. on David Jones is missing. The bracket on the right-hand side in MS. indicates that these persons all belong to a group later described (cf. calendars for September, 1649, and December, 1651, infra in text) as having been convicted in 1641 of pre1n~tnire. Considering the date, it is therefore practically certain that all seven persons were Catholics who had refused the Oath of Allegiance. Cf. Jacob, Law Dictionary, s.v . .. praemunire." ยง Ang.: They are reprieved [i.e., remanded] to their former order." H A Benedictine. Cj. C.R.S., vol. xxxiii, pp. 208-9 . ~ Ang.: .. Reprieved by warrant of John Warner, Lord Mayor, and others at the Sessions of January, 1647/8." fI


COMMONWEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

r649

107

Christian Bradley } Radulfus Kilbourne , Gilfford Hennedge Repr' ad prior' Ord' Robertus Curtys et Johannes Lyon [Inter alia in sub-section entitled "Prisonar' Convict' et Repe Ante et post J udiciu' ."] Thomas Budd alias Petoe alias }Repr' perWarr: Johannis Warner White alias Grey Domini Maior' et aI' in Sess' Januarii r647 III

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 5 SEPTEMBER, 1649.

*

[Indictment of Huntington Hastings alias Corney aUas Greene for priesthood.] [Subsequent memorandum] · 10 • 12 . 1649, Alloe' breve de Cere' retornabile tres M ieh' et sertijieat ur , London ss. Jur' pro Custod' libertat' Angl' authoritat' Parliament' super sacramentum suu' present ant :: quod Huntington Hastings nuper de London Clericus alias dictus HW1tington Corney nuper de London Clericus alias dictus Huntington Greene nuper de London Clericus natus fuit infra hoc regnu' Angl' Quodque idem Huntington post festu' Nativitat' § sancti Johannis Baptiste Anno Regni Domine Elizabeth' nuper Regine Angl' primo et ante vicesimu' sextu' diem J ulii Anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo q uadragesimo nona fact' et ordinat' fuit sacerdos per authoritat' derivat' et pretens' a sede Romana in partibus transmarinis videlicet in Franc' Quodque idem Huntington leges et statut' Angl' minime ponderans

(r)

*

A file for the preceding Sessions of 27 July is extant and contains an inquisition-post-mortem, dated 29 June, I649, on a John Bayly, who died a natural death in Newgate on June 27. The cause of his imprisonment is not stated. This July file, however, yields no material relating specifically to Catholics apart from the entries in its Newgate calendar concerning Bradley, Kilbourne, Hennedge, Curtys, Lyon, and Budd, which appear in exactly similar terms as those on the calendar of 2I June. In the subsection (of the July calendar) entitled" Repr' ad prior' Ord' " occurs also the following entry, possibly referring to a Catholic: Phillippus Cavenaugh Repr' pro Com' North ton The present file (September) contains an inquisition-post-mortem on one John Churchman, who died a prisoner in Newgate on August 7th, I649, " ex visitacione DeL" Inquest taken on day of death. . ~ Ang.: "On IO October, I649, a writ of certiorari is allowed, returnable ~n ~he three weeks [following the feast of StJ :M ichael; and [the tenor of this mdlctment] is certified [into the Upper Bench]." From I641 to I751 Michaelt;nas Term began on the fourth day following the three weeks after the feast, U., October 23rd or 24th. Ang.: "The Jurors for the Keepers of the Liberty of England by the ~nt~ority of Parliament upon their oath do present .•.• " Thus begi'1 all mdlctments from the date of Charles 1's execution until the commencement of the Protectorate. § The word Nativitat' is interlined in MS .

=


108

COMMONWEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

SEPTEMBER

1649

nec pen' in eisd' content' aliqualiter verens dicto vicesimo sexto die Julii Anno supradicto apud London videlicet in paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occiden' in "'arda de Farringdon extra London pred' proditorie et ut falsus proditor fuit et remansit contra forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' ac contra pacem publica' etc. Henr' Rowe* [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(2)

1

[N ewgate Calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled" Prisonar' Repr' ad Ord' ."]'

Christian Bradley Radulfus Kilbourne Gilfford Hennedge Repr' ad prior' Ord' super Robertus Curtys et premunire = Johannes Lyon j [Inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisonar' Convict' et Repr' Ante et post Judiciu'."J Del'ivered ยง Thomas Budd alias Petoe; Repr' per Warr' J ohannis alias vVhite; alias Grey; } Warner Domini Maior' et aI' in Sess' Januarii 1647. Del: per Warr' Jo' Bradshawe Domini Presidt etc." <l

IV

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 10 OCTOBER, 1649.

[Newgate Calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisonar' Repr' ad Ord' ."] Radulfus Kilbourne } Repr' ad prior' Ord' Gilfford Hennedge et Johannes Lyon~ <l

*

Witness for the prosecution (cf. Introd., p. xxxiv). Henceforth the names of witnesses are regularly found inscribed thus at the foot of the indictment formula, and not, as previously, on the dorse of the document. , In this sub-section occurs also the following entry: per P1'ocl' Phillippus Cavenaugh Repr' pro Com' North ton :t The words s1-{,per premunire are a subsequent addition in another hand. Cf. p. 106, note. ยง This marginal note (" ad" in MS.) is in the hand of the clerk of the court. It is probable, therefore, that Budd was released from N ewgate sometime during the co'urse of the present Sessions. โ€ข Translation of additional note: "Delivered by warrant of John Bradshawe, Lord President [of the Council] etc." ~ The names of Bradley and Curtys are absent from this calendar, which probably implies that they had either died or escaped some time after the preceding Sessions. Had they been released by warrant or removed to another prison, a note to this effect would almost certainly have been added to the preSEnt calendar. No inquisitions-post-mortem concerning them, however, appear QU the file.


COMMONWEALTH

v . FILE

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r65I

109

FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 10 DECEMBER, I?5I.

*

(r) [Recognizance for the appearance of Robert Austin to answer.] London ss. Be it remembred That on ye 22d day of October 1651 Robert Austin of BlackfryS London Stationer Thomas Goldingham of ye parish of Christchurch Smith and William Lee of ye same parish Stationer personally came before me William Steele Esq' Recordr and one of ye Justices of peace for ye said Citty of London and the said Robert Austin was delivered into baile by ye said Thomas Goldingham and William Lee untill ye next Sessions to be holden for delivery of ye Goale [sic] of Newgate etc. to answer etc. undr paine of yC said principall 1001 etc. and of each of ye said Baile SOl etc. to be levied etc. w eh if etc. otherwise etc. [signed] Wm Steele Robert Austin to answer etc. Appeared for printing popish bookes etc. (2) [Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Blunt to answer.] London ss. Be it remembred That on ye 2Z d day of October 1651 Thomas Blunt of ye parish of Sepulchers gent' John Wingfeild of ye parish of Christchurch gent' and Richard Burridge of ye same parish Merchant personally Came before me \Villiam Steele Esq' Recordr and one of yC Justices of peace for ye said Citty and ye said Thomas Blunt was delivered into baile by ye said John Wingfeild and Richard Burridge untill ye next Sessions to be holden for ye delivery of ye Goale [sic] of Newgate at J usticehall in Ie Old Baylie then and there to answer etc. undr paine of ye said principall 1001 etc. and of each of ye said Baile SOl etc. to be levied etc. weh if etc. otherwise etc. [signed] Wm Steele Tho: Blunt to answer etc. for Appeared causeing divers popish bookes to be printed etc.

(3) [Ignored Bill against Edward Tressam for priesthood.] ' London ss. The Jurors for the Keepers of the liberty of England by Authority of Parliamt uppon their Oathes doe present that Edward Tressam late of London Clarke was born wthin the Commonwealth of Englande And after the Feast of the Nativity of st John Baptist in the Yeare of the Reigne of the late Queene Elizabeth the first And before the tenth day of May In the Yeare of Or

*

An inquisition-post-mortem on this file, dated 6 December, 165 I, states that one Jane Hynde died a prisoner in Newgate by " Divine Visitacion" on December .5: cause of imprisonment not given. All the intervening files for the Sessions held after October, 1649, have disappeared. The sessional dates (~.D.) were 12 December, 1649; 10 January, 20 February, 1649/50; 21 Apnl, 5 June, 10 July, 28 August, 3 October, :tl December, 1650 ; IS J anuary, 19 February, 1650/51; 9 April, 14 May, 25 June, 13 August, a nd 8 October, 1651. , The face of tIllS document is scored-a treatment which was customary when a bill was thrown out by the grand jury .


110

COMMONWEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1651

Lord One thousand Sixe hundred Fifty and One in forreigne parts beyond the seas was made and ordeyned a Preist by Authority derived & pretended from the Sea of Rome And that the same Edward Tressam not weighing the Lawes and Statutes of England nor any way fearing the Penalties in the same conteyned the said Tenth Day of May In the Yeare of Or Lord One Thousand Sixe Hundred Fifty & One* aforesaid from the aforesaid parts beyond the Seas came into this Commonwealth of England to London that is to say to the Parish of Michaell Royall in the ward of Vintrey London aforesaid and there att the parish & Ward aforesaid the said Tenth Day of May In the Yeare last aforesaid traitorously and as a false Traitor to this Commonwealth of England did remayne & abide against the forme of the Statute in this case made & provided And against the publike peace etc. Thomas Mayo ] ames Wadesworth' [Endorsed] vVee doe nott Find this Bill true (4)' [Newgate calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled " Prysoners Repr' To Orders."] Ralphe Kilbourne, and }Convicted of premunire in Anno Gilfford Hennedge 1641: and Repr' to their Former Order . . [Inter alia in sub-section entitled" Prysoners Convicted, and Repr' before and after ]udgmt."] ~ Thomas Budd alias }in December 1647 t pt 'n Petoe, alias White. Attainted of Highe [' a~~ 0 t ~ e l H~ alias Graye ยง Treason gao e W ou ay e

}Th

VI

bk

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 5 APRIL, 1652. ~

**

(1) [The" Engagement."] I doe declare and promise that I will bee true and faithfull to the

*

The words of or LoYd . ... &- one are interlined in MS. Witnesses for the prosecution. In this sub-section occurs also the following entry: John Jackson Attainted of Highe Treason the 15 th of January 1650 [i.e., 1650/51J. ยง Budd had been re-arrested by order of the Council of State. Cf. C(Ztholic Magazine, 1832, ii, p. IIZ. n This bracket and note in MS. covers all the entries in the sub-section. ~ The mes for the Sessions of 14 January and 18 February, 1651/Z, are extant, but contain no references to Catholics or recusants except the entries in their Newgate calendars concerning Kilbourne, Hennedge, Budd, and Jackson, which are of exactly similar form to those in the calendar for December, 1651. On the February file is an inquisition-post-mortem, dated 27 January, 1651/Z, stating that one Martha Kindersley, a prisoner in Newgate for some uncited offence, died a natural death in gaol on January 26. This document (undated) consists of a long sheet of parchment inscribed thus at the top with the formula of the Engagement, below which occur the signatures or marks of a number of N ewgate prisoners, among them the ~

=

**


COMMON'YVEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1652

111

Common Wealth of England as itt is now established without a King or house of Lords [signed] Guilforde Henneag The marke F of Ralph Kilbourne (2)

[Newgate calendar for tlus Sessions; inter aUa in sub-section' entitled Prisoners Repr' to Orders."] Delivered by the {RalPhe Kilbourne }Convicted of premunire in generall pardon Gilfford H~nnedge A0 1641 And Repr' to their Former Order [Inter alia in sub-section entitled Prisoners Convicted and Repr' before and after j udgmt."] Thomas Budd alias }in December 1647: P' Gaole P~toe alias White Attainted of Highe w:h:~:vtayl;n alIaS Graye Treason It

*

VII

Cl

}R

d.

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 12 JULY, 16S2.1f

[Recognizance for the appearance of Massie David to answer.] London 5S. Md' That the First day of July In the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred fiftie and Two came before me John Kendrick Maior of the Citty of London and one of the Justices (I)

two given in the text. The Engagement was substituted for the old oaths of allegiance and supremacy by the Rump Parliament in February, 1648/9. On this file occurs also a printed certificate for taking the Engagement. It runs as follows: These are to certifie all whom it may concerne, that Thomas Har'inton [? or Havinton] inhabitant in the Ward of Farringdon within hath Voluntarily and Solemnly taken and Subscribed the Engagement before me as Alderman of the said Ward this 10th daye of March 1649 [i.e., 1649/5oJ [signed] Robert Tichborne [The italicized words have been :filled in by hand in the original.J In this sub-section occurs also the following entry: John Jackson, Attainted of Highe Treason,} Reprieved in Gaole wtbout the XVth of J anuarii 1650 [1650/1J bail till hee take th'ingage. m t according to the Act & then delivered. , The file for the G.D. Sessions of the preceding 28 April is missing. That for the G.D. Sessions of 2 June is extant, but contains no matter touching ~atholics as such, except the entry in the Newgate calendar concerning rh~mas Budd, which repeats verbati'm the entry in the calendar of the pre¡ cedmg 5 April. In the same sub-section with Budd occurs also the following entry: John Jackson, Attainted of Highe Treason the XVth of Januarii 1650 In the sub-section headed" Prysoners Repr' To Orders" occurs, inter alia: John Wilson or } Reprieved in gaole, tyll hee bee discharged From the Warde warrt of the Council of State, Then, hee is to take the . Engagemt accordiuge to the Acte Wlth regard to the present file (July), it should be observed that all these files contain the records not only of the Gaol Delivery Sessions but also of the Sessions of the Peace which were held regularly at the Guildhall two or three ~ays before each Gaol Delivery (c/. Introd., p. xxi). The current G.D. SeSSIOns opened on 14 July at Justice Hall in the Old Bailey.

*


112

COMMONWEALTH

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1652

of the Peace within the same Citty Massie David of \Vestminster Gent in his owne person and then and there acknowledged himselfe to owe to the Keepers of the Liberty of England by Authority of Parliament XXI of lawfull etc. to be levied etc. and Edward Eiton of the parish of Mary Ie Bow Grocer and J oh11 Bird of the Strand in the Citty of Westmin' Sollicitor acknowledged themselves etc. either of them to owe to the said Keepers etc. Xl of la""iull etc. to be levied etc. Condicion etc. That if the said Massie David personally appeare at the Sessions of the Peace for the Citty of London to be holden to answeare etc. And thence etc. Then etc. Else etc. [signed] John Kendrick Maior Appeared Upon suspicion of being a Jesuite

*

(2)

[Newgate calendar for G.D., 14 July; inter alia in sub-section entitled "Prysoners Convicted and Repr' before and after Judgm t ."] .-,c Thomas Budd alias }in December 1647 }TheiS are to be kept Petoe, alias White Attainted of Highe in gaole wthout alias Graye Treason Bayle:I: VIII

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 13 OCTOBER, 1652. ยง

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions; inter alia in sub-section entitled "Prysoners Convicted and Repr' before and after Judgm t ."]II Thomas Budd alias }in December 1647 } Theis are to be kept Petoe, alias White Attainted of Highe in gaole wthout alias Graye Treason Bayle~

* The words Massie David of Westminster Gent are underlined in MS . .-,c In this sub-section occurs also the following entry:

John Jackson, Attainted of Highe Treason the xv th of Januarii 1650 And, -inter al'ia, in sub-section headed" Prysoners Repr' To Orders": John \Vilson or } Reprieved in gaole, tyll hee bee discharged .... [etc., Warde as in June calendar above]. :I: This' bracket and note in MS. covers all the entries in this sub-section. ยง The file for the preceding 30 August is extant, but contains no matter relating specifically to Catholics, except the entries in the N ewgate calendar concerning Budd, Jackson, and Wilson or Warde, which repeat verbatim those appearing in the calendar of the previous June. n The entries concerning John Jackson and John Wilson or Warde again occur in the same position and with the same notes as in the calendar of the preceding June. ~ This bracket and note covers, in MS., all the entries in this sub-section. The records of the remaining Sessions of the Commonwealth, i.e., of the following dates: 8 December, 1652; 12 January, 23 February, 1652/3; 20 April, 26 May. 13 July, 10 August, and 12 October, 1653, are missing. After this gap in the series of files, Budd's and John Wilson or Warde's names are absent from the calendars. They therefore died or were released sometime between October, 1652, and 1:2 October, 1653.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1656

113

PROTECTORATE. (r6 December, r653-29 , May, r660.) I

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY,. BEGINNING ro DECEMBER, 1656. (r) [Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Mathewes, Ann Parry and Margaret Roberts to prosecute and give evidence against Bartholomew Browne.] London ss. Bee it remembred that on the fourth day of November In the yeere of our Lord one Thousand six hundred Fifty and six before John Ireton Alderman one of the Justices etc. came Henry Mathewes of the parishe of Giles in the Feildes in the County of Midds. Baker and acknowledged to owe to his Highnes the Lord Protector etc. the sume of Forty pounds to be levied of his goods and Chattells Lands and Tenements to the use of his said Highnes by way of Recognizance. Upon Condicion that if the said Henry Mathewes shall personally appeare at the next Sessions of Gaole delivery of Newgate to be holden for the Citty of London att

*

*

The series of Protectorate sessions files is complete from December. 1653 (the first sessions held under the Protectorate), to October, 1655, but these contain no matter explicitly referring to Catholics. They are of the following dates: (a) 14 December, 1653. In the Newgate calendar, inter alia in sub-section headed "Prysoners Convicted and Repr' before and after Judgmt," occurs: John Jackson, attainted of Highe Treason the xv th of J anuarii 1650 And repr' by the Corte after Judgmt (b) 13 January 1653/4. In the Newgate calendar John Jackson occurs as above, his and the other entries in that sub-section being bracketed on the right-hand side by the words " Theis are to bee kept in Gaole wthout Bayle" (c) 22 February, 1653/4. In the Newgate calendar the entry re John Jackson is similar to that in the January calendar above. (d) .5 April, 1654. John Jackson occurs again as in the January calendar. (e) 10 May, 1654. The Newgate calendar, which is written in a new hand, gives, inter alia in sub-section headed "Prisoners Convicted, Attainted and Reprived before and after Judgment," the following: John Jackson Attainted of high treason the 5 th [sic] of Ja' 1650 And repr' by the Courte after Judgmt (f) 21 June, 1654. In the Newgate calendar, inter alia in sub-s.ection headed" Prisoners Reprived to Orders," occurs the following entry: John Jackson is to bee delivered by virtue of the last generall pardon by act of Pari' and by virtue of an Ordinance intituled an Ordinance for repealinge generall acts and resolves of Parliam t : Made for or touchinge the subscribeinge or takeinge the Ingagemt: Dated the 19 Ja' 1653: This Order was in Apr' Sess' 1654. (g) 16 August, 1654. John Jackson's name is absent from this and subsequent calendars. The remaining files (their dates follow) are complete, each with Newgate calendar intact, but no matter likely to refer to Catholics is apparent on any of them: I I October, 13 December, 1654; 12 January, 21 February, 1654/5; 25 April, 30 May, 18 July, 5 September, and 10 October, 1655. The files ofthe following dates are missing: 12 December, 1655; I I January, 20 February, 1655/6; 16 April, 21 May, 2 July, 13 August, and 15 October, 1656. H


114

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER 1656

Justice hall in the Old Baily then and there to prosecute the Law with effect and give evidence against Bartholomew Browne etc. That then etc. Otherwise etc. Ann Parry of Mary White chappell in the County of Midds. widdow And Margaret Roberts of ye parishe of Olaves Silverstreete widdow Bound in XXI a peece to give in evidence [signed] John Ireton All appeared Accused to be a Seminary Priest

*

(2) [Indictment of Bartholomew Browne for priesthood.] The Jurors for the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England Scotland & Ireland etc. uppon their oathes doe present that Pu se not guilty nor fled acqted 'f Bartholomew Browne late of London Clarke whoe was ' borne att Galloway in the County of Galloway in the province of Connaught in Ireland Which Cotmty & province in Ireland was wthin the Dominions of the late Queen Elizabeth in the seaven & twentieth yeare of her reign & long before and afterwards is & remaneth a Seminary & popish preist after the feast of the Nativity of st John Baptist in the First yeare of the reigne . of the said late Queene Elizabeth was made & ordained a Priest by authority derived challenged & pretended from the See of Rome And that hee the said Bartholomew Browne after hee was ordained & made a Preist in manner & forme aforesaid that is to say the Fowerth day of November In the yeare of Or Lord One thousand sixe hundred Fifty & Sixe att London that is to say in the parish of Giles wthout Cripplegate in the ward of Cripplegate London aforesaid wthin this Commonwealth of England traitorously did come into was & remained against the publike peace And against the forme of the Statute in this case made & provided etc. Henry Mathewes Robert Quinborrow Margaret Roberts [Endorsed] A true Bill Anne Parrey:t

(3)

[N ewgate calendar; entitled" The Deliverie of ye Gaole of Newgate for ye Citty of London att Justice Hall in ye old Bailey on Wensday ye loth of Decber 1656"; inter alia.] Indicted Barth: Browne Com: to ye Sd Gaole by vertue of Mr Aid: Ireton his warr: for being a Popish Preist Dat: 4th gber 1656

*

The usual introductory words" London 55." are absent from this Bill. The omission is no doubt an oversight and without particular significance. 'f Extended, this clerical minute reads: "He puts himself [upon his country]; [he is found] not guilty, nor did he make :£light [i.e., to avoid arrest]. He is acquitted." Thus Commonwealth and Protectorate clerks of the court used to anglicize the earlier Latin formula " po se non cuI' nec ¡recessit." The significance of " nec recessit" (" nor fled ") is, nevertheless, somewhat doubtful. The late Mr. Cordy Jeaffreson treats of the subject exhaustively in :Middlesex CoU'nty Records, vol. iii, Preface, pp. xiii seq., and vol. iv, Preface, pp. lxxiii seq. Cf. Introd., p. xxxviii. ; Witnesses for the prosecution.


PROTECTORATE

II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1657

115

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 12 OCTOBER, 1657',

*

(r) [Indictment of Anne Allanson for being a " Papist."]' London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland & Ireland & the Dominions & Territoryes thereunto belonging uppon their oathes doe I present that proclaimed uppon the Commission of the Peace r5.3:I: she did not Anne Allanson of the parish of Bridgett otherwise Brides in the appeare Nor did take the oath etc. Butt therein did make default And ward of Farringdon wthout London aforesaid Widdowe the Fowerher default is Recorded Therefore etc. teenth day of October In the yeare of Or Lord One thousand sixe hundred Fifty and seaven was and is above the age of Sixteene yeares & is suspected & reputed to be a Papist and popishly affected Against the forme of the Statute ยง in this case made & provided & against the publike peace etc. Tho: Collison II [Endorsed] A True Bill (2) [Record of proceedings against Anne Allanson.]~ London ss. Be' itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Munday the Twelveth day of October In the Yeare of or Lord One Thousand sixe hundred Fifty and Seaven before S1' Robert Tichborne Knight Maior of the Citty of London Thomas Atkin Thomas Andrewes and Thomas Foote Aldermen of the said Citty and others their fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid And alsoe to heare and Determine divers felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors within the same Citty committed That same Open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by thaforesaid justices there untill \Vednesday the Fowerteenth day of the said moneth of October In the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of

*

The series of files for the period from December, 1656, to October, 1657, .is complete (each with Newgate calendar attached), but none of them contams any explicit reference to Catholics. The dates of the G.D. Sessions, whose records are included in these several files, are as follows: 14 January, 18 February, 1656/7: 8 April, 13 May, 25 June, and 12 August, 1657. ~he present file (October) includes, of course, the records of the G.D. SeSSIons of I4 October. The N ewgate calendar of this latter date is intact. ~ The indictment for being a" Papist," as distinct from that for recusancy (t .e., for not attending the Protestant service), is found only under the Protectorate, and was framed in accordance with the Act of Parliament of 26 June, 1657, "An Act for convicting, discovering and repressing of Popish Recusants." Cf. Introd., p. xlvi. . :I: I. e., 15 January, 1657/8. As usual, this date is to be connected with what follo ws in the note. She was p roclaimed at the adjourned S.P. Sessions o~ 14 October, 1657 (cf. next document in text) . Concerning mayoral dating Vtde Introd., p. xix. ยง I. e., the Act of 26 June, 1657. n Witness for the prosecution. ,-r This document is stitched to the preceding indictment.


116

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1657

the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att Justicehall in the old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon without London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etG. And thereuppon by a certaine Inquisicion taken att that same Open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish and ward aforesaid on the said Wednesday thaforesaid Fowerteenth day of October in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sr Robert Tichborne Knight Maior of the Citty of London Thomas Atkin Thomas Andrewes and Thomas Foote Aldermen of the said Citty and Sr Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty and others their fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to he are and Determine divers felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors within the same Citty committed by the oathes of Joseph Hunton David Leader John Sexton John Freestone John Jermyn James Mullins William Comyns Richard Hill John Stead John White George Compeire William Grantham Robert Flamen John Upcher and Ralph Stint good and lawfull men of the Citty of London aforesaid then and tr ere sworne and charged to inquire for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions and Territoryes thereunto belonging and the body of the Citty aforesaid itt is presented that the Bill following is true London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector .... [the above indictment against Anne Allanson is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted] Whereuppon att the same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London by the said Adiornament att Justicehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers in the ward aforesaid on the said Fowerteenth day of October in the yeare aforesaid before the Justices last named and others their fellowes Justices aforesaid Proc1amacion was made by the said Justices according to the forme of the Statute in this case made and provided By which Itt was commanded that the said Anne Allanson soe presented as aforesaid shall personally appeare att the next open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the Citty of London then & there to take and subscribe the Oath of Abiuracion mencioned and expressed in the Statute aforesaid or els uppon her Default then to be Recorded shee shalbe adiudged a popish Recusant Convict to all Intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid Att which next open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London that is to say att the open Generall QuarteF Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Wednesday the Thirteenth day of January In the said yeare of Or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Seaven* before Richard Chiver-

* l.e., 1657/8.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1657

117

ton Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Andrewes Knights and John Fowke Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by the aforesaid Justices there untill Friday the Fifteenth day of the said moneth of January in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att J usticehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon without London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etc. And thereuppon at that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish and ward aforesaid on the said Friday the said Fifteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights and John Fowke Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty and S1' Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed the said Anne Allanson soe proclaimed as aforesaid did not make her appearance uppon Record att the said last mencioned open Generall Quarter Sessions Nor in the same open Generall Quarter Sessions did take or subscribe the oath aforesaid but therein made default and her default therein is Recorded Therefore itt is Considered by the said Courte that shee the said Anne Allanson soe makeing default be adiudged a Popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid in that case provided

III

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 16 DECEMBER, 1657.*

(r)

[Indictment of Joan Timberley for being a " Papist."] This I ndictmt was taken att the Generall Gaole delivery for London 0- Proclamacion was then 0- there made etc. 15.3.' shee did not appeare nor did take the oath etc. Butt therein made default And her default is Recorded Therefore etc. London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England Scotland & Ireland & the Dominions & Territoryes thereunto belonging uppon their oathes doe present that Joane Timberley of the parish of Dunstan in the west in the ward of Farringdon wthout London aforesaid Widdow the Tenth day of December In the yeare of or Lord One thousand sixe hundred

*

The Newgate calendar of this date is attached to the file, but contains no entries likely to refer to Catholics. , I.e., 15 january, 1657/S-the date when she was due to appear.


118

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER r657

Fifty and seaven was and is above the age of Sixteene yeares [formula as (r), page IISJ. Mathew Ward* [EndorsedJ This is a true Bill

(2) [Record of proceedings against Joan Timberley.]' London ss. Be itt remembred that att the Generall Gaole Delivery of Newgate holden for the Citty of London att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon . wthout London aforesaid on Wednesday the Sixeteenth day of December in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and seaven before Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty of London John Glynne Cheife Justice assigned to hold Pleas before Oliver Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions and Territoryes thereunto belonging in the upper Bench Hugh Windham one of the Justices of the Common Bench P~ter '\Tarburton one of the Justices assigned to hold pleas before the' said Lord Protector in the upper Bench Richard Newdigate another of the Justices assigned to hold Pleas before the Lord Protector in the upper Bench S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights Aldermen of the said Citty of London and Sr Lislebone Longe Knight Recorder of the same Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to deliver the said Gaole of Newgate of the prisoners therein being, by the oathes of William Justice Richard Newberry John Tym Daniell Nicholls Henry Dixon Thomas Broxoline Arthur Younge Richard Cawthorne William Skinner Anthony Scarlett Thomas Fountaine Thomas Newton William Hill William Coltman & Mathew Capt good and lawfull men of the Citty aforesaid then & there sworne and charged to inquire for the said Lord Protector and the body of the Citty aforesaid Itt is presented that the Bill following is true London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector .... [the above indictment against Joan Timberley is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted.] By which itt was Commanded that the said J oane Tymberley soe presented as aforesaid shall personally appeare att the next Generall Gaole Delivery of N ewgate to be holden for the said Citty of London then & there to take and subscribe the oath of Abiuradon mendoned and expressed in the Statute aforesaid or els uppon her default then to be Recorded shee shalbe adiudged a Popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid Att which next Generall Gaole Delivery of N ewgate holden for the said Citty of London that is to say att the Generall Gaole Delivery of Newgate holden for the said Citty of London att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish and ward last aforesaid on Friday the Fifteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid::: before Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty of

* Witness for the prosecution. ~

In the original file this document is stitched to the preceding indictment. 1657/8.

=I.e.,


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1657

119

London John Glynne Cheife Justice assigned to hold Pleas before Oliver Lord Protector of the Common Wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions and Territoryes thereunto belonging in the upper Bench Peter Warburton one of the Justices assigned to hold Pleas before the said Lord Protector in the upper Bench Richard Newdigate another of the Justices assigned to hold Pleas before the Lord Protector in the upper Bench Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights Aldermen of the said Citty of London and S1' Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to deliver the said Gaole of Newgate of the Prisoners therein being the said Joane Timberley soe proclaimed as aforesaid did not make her appearance uppon Record nor then and there in the Gaole Delivery last aforesaid did take or subscribe the Oath aforesaid Butt therein made default And her default therein is Recorded Therefore itt is considered by the Courte that shee the said J oane Timberley soe making default be adiudged a Popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid in that case made and provided

*

IV

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 13 JANUARY, 1657/8.'

(1) [A list of reputed Catholics in London.]:: London ss. The names of such persons as are presented by the Constables and Churchwardens wthin the Citty of London to be suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly affected the 19th day of December 1657 Warned & proclaimed Frances Howse the wife of Francis Howse IS . 3 . 1657 ยง Doctor of Physicke lodging att the house of one Mr Job King in the Parish of Andrew Holborne in London Warned and Prod' '''illiam Trevethein Ingraver liveing in the said parish of Andrew Holborne Warned & p rod' Henry Lusher Apothecary "I dwelling in the Warned & procl' Frances his wife ~ parish of Dunstans W arned & p rocl' Mary Denton their servant j in the West Not warned Mary Katherines Widdow aged about 80 yeares

* The words in the upper Bench are interlined in MS.

~ The records of the G.D. Sessions (beginning 15 January) are included this file. The Newgate calendar of the latter date is also attached. . :: This list is written on three sides of a large folded paper and was found ~Illned to the document which follows it in the text above. It is the original lIst produced in Court at the current January Sessions, pursuant to the Act of Parliament of 26 June, 1657 (cj. next document in text) . . ยง I .e., 15 January, 1657/8. The date refers not to the" warning (~ .e., first s~mmons, by the constables) but to the proclamation only (c/. next ~ocument III text). These marginal notes, warned & proclaimed; etc., written III another hand, were evidently added subsequently by an official in Court.

.

III

II


120

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

lodging in the house of Marke Staton in Towerstreete in the Parish of Dunstans in the East Warned 0- prod' Anthony Cuning gent' an Italian Lodgeing in the house of Peter Baldwin a Cooper in Fanchurchstreete neere the signe of the Blacke Raven in the parish of Alhallowes Stenyng Warned 0- procl' Thomas Whittacre Esqre liveing in the house of John Harcourt in Salisbury Court in the parish of Bridgett otherwise Brides Warned 0- prod' Mary Killingworth Widdow liveing in Shooelane in the said parish of Bridgett otherwise Brides Warned 0- prod' James Beasly Perri wigmaker & }liveing in the Mary his wife house of John Foster in Legge Alley neere Fleetebridge in the parish last aforesaid Warned & procl' Peter Silleard Merchant}dWellin g in the parish his wife of Martins Orgars in Warned 0- procl' J ames Gilbert Martins Lane Warned 6> procl' Peter Dellamer Merchant dwelling in the parish of Hellens Warned 0- procl' Robert Turner an Apprentice to William Jefferson Taylor liveing in Lambe Alley in the parish of Mary Abchurch Warned and procl' Francis BaIne Liveing att the house of Lewes Perydyth in Buttolph Lane in the parish of Andrew Hubbard Warned 6> procl' John Feild Laborer dwelling in the parish of Michaell Bassieshaw Warned 6> prod' [ ]* Mortymer Doctor in Physicke}dwelling Warned 0- procl' Indico Maus Merchant in Lymestreete in the parish of Dionis Backchurch Warned 0- prod' Peter Diovard Merchant dwelling in the house

[ ]*

* A space

is left here in MS . for Christian name.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

121

of one Widdow Mitchell in the parish of Margarett Pattons Warned 0- procl' Thomas Rodamunter Merchant a Venetian liveing in the house of one John Hayes in the parish last aforesaid Gone 0- not fou.nd John Adams of Leadenhallstreete Pewterer in the parish of Andrew Undershaft Not proclaimed by John Sylvetti Embassador for the Duke of direccion of the Cort Tuscany lodging in the parish of butt 1eJas warned Bartholmew the Greate vVa1'ned 0- prod' Anne Fossett an Italian merchant dwelling in the Parish of Bartholmew the Greate Warned 0- prod' Mounsieur Luis Perin Merchant a Frenchman dwelling in the parish of Michaell Crookedlane Warned 0- P1'ocl' James Cricke Apprentice to [ J Chamberleine a Barber dwelling in the said parish of Michaell Crookedlane Warned & procl' John Lilly a Waxchandler in the parish of Augustines Gone not found Anne Cripplegate a Maideservant to Mr John Crooke a Mason liveing¡in the parish of Christchurch Warned 0- prod' Thomas Borne a Bookeseller in Bethlem in the parish of Buttolph wtbout Bishopsgate vVarned 0- procl' Bamadoe Maddeson Merchant} Lodging att the TVarned 0- procl' Safyrah Benkeine Widdow house of Mr Warned 0- P1'ocl' Sarah Jones the wife of Cotton . MerEdward Jones chant in the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall Warned 0- procl' Charles Berenger a French Merchant liveing in the said parish of Alhallowes on the Wall Warned & procl' Francis Barnadoe & his Family a Ledger for Janeway dwelling in the said parish Warned 0- prod' Humphry Aldington a Merchant att Carpenters hall in the said parish Warned 0- prod' Richard Crone a Tapster in the same parish Warned 0- procl' John Blake }yeomen lodging att [ J* Warned 0- procl' Mathew Halley Harrisons Widdow att the signe of the Red Bull in the parish aforesaid

*

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


122

PROTECTORATE

Warned Warned Warned Warned Warned Warned

& & & & & &

prod' prod' prod' procl' procl' procl'

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

Adrian Henrickes Merchant Katherine his wife Adrian Henrickes their sonne Winifred &}th' Mary elr D aught ers

All dwelling Elizabeth Depane their maide in the parish servt of Olaves Warned & procl' John Baptista Guyatt Gent' & Hartstreete Warned & procl' Bridgett his wife Warned and procl' John Fitzharbert servant to Mr Symons att the Mumhouse in Markelane I" Jean Matthieu de Columme a All Lodgers & Frenchman gone before All dwelling Francisco Vinturo an Italian the Warrant came Frederico F ero Vitora an Italian in the parish to the Georgius Godefridus Comes de of Gabriell Constable Kolonitch a Dutchman Fanchurch Phillippus Jacobus Sheronits a Dutchman Warned & procl' Signeur Augustine Cumell Gent' agent for the PortugallEmbassador in the parish of James Dukes place lVarned & prod' Thomas Westen Laborer liveing in Barbican in the parish of Giles wthout Cripplegate Warned & prod' Harman Marshall Broaker Warned & prod' Edward Dale Tobaccoe Cutter All in GoldWarned & procl' Robert Seagar Laborer lodging inglane in the att Mr Bevins a I same parish victualler ) Warned & procl' John Odell Bookebinder in Redcrosse streete in the same parish Warned & prod' Peter Le Adore Merchant in Little I Moore Feilds jAll in the Warned & prod' Mary his wife same lVarned & procl' Jane Edwards Spinster in White parish Alley in little Moore feilds Warned & prod' John Walgrave Merchant in But_t O tolph Lane All in the Warned & procl' Frances his wife parish of George Warned & prod' Bartholmew Molyne his manservant Buttolph Warned & prod' Elizabeth Vivion &}hiS maidLane Warned 0- prod' Elizabeth Hood servants J

J

l

*

1

*

The entries from here to Elizabeth Hood, inclusive, are in a third hand which wrote the" Record of proceedings" following in text. The marginal


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

INDICTED

13.3. r657 , Proclaimed

procl' procl' prod'

procl' r5 . 3 . r657 ~

procl' procl' procl'

โ€ข

JANUARY

1657/8

123

*

Alexander Devellenobr of the parish of Andrew Wardrobe in the Ward of Castlebaynard London Gent' Lambert Bresson of the parish & Ward afore-' said Merchant Nicholas Goree of the parish & Ward aforesaid Taylor Peter Delevere of the parish of Bartholmew Exchange in the Ward of Broadstreete London aforesaid Merchant Barnard Dargabell of the parish & Ward aforesaid Merchant procl' John Marquis of Winchester of the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall in the Ward of Broadstreete London James Aslyne of the parish of Andrew Undershaft in the Ward of Lymestreete London Merchant Jane Wilcox of the parish of Gregoryes neere Paulls in the Ward of Farringdon wthin London Widdow Margarett Smyth the wife of John Smyth of the parish & Ward aforesaid Lynnendraper

(2)

[Record of proceedings against the persons named in the preceding document.] ยง London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of & in the same Citty on Wednesday the Thirteenth day of January In the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Seaven before Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty of London S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Andrewes Knights and John Fowke Esql' Aldermen of the said Citty Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid And alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors notes warned &> prod', etc., however, continue in the same hand throughout the paper. A sub-heading in MS. , I.e., 13 January, 1657/8-the date of indictment only. Proclamation was made on 15 January (cf. document (3a), p. 138). tI: I.e., 15 January, 1657/8-the date of indictment and proclamation (cj. document (3b), p. 140). . . ยง 'iVritten on parchment and inserted between the recognizances and mdIctments on the file.

*


124

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

within the same Citty committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by the aforesaid Justices there untill Friday the Fifteenth day of the said Moneth of January in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before the aforesaid J ustir.es and others their fell owes further to doe as the Courte should Consider etc. And thereuppon att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish & Ward aforesaid on the said Friday the said Fifteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty aforesaid Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Fowke Esqr Sr Christopher Packe S1' John Dethicke Sr Robert Tichborne Knights Aldermen of the said Citty Sr Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty John Ireton Thomas Aleyn and Walter Bigg Aldennen of the Citty aforesaid Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty Committed The said Justices of the peace in pursueance of the late Act of Parliament begun att Westmr the Seaventeenth day of September in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe Hundred Fifty and Sixe made for discovering convicting & repressing of Popish Recusants* did deliver here att this Quarter Sessions in open Sessions severall presentments to be Recorded of the names simames addicions and places of abode of the severall persons here under named being of the age of Sixeteene yeares which had beene presented above Fowerteene dayes before the said Quarter Sessions to the said Justices by the Constables and Churchwardens of the severall parishes here under mencioned uppon their severall Oathes to be suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly Affected And the said Justices of the peace haveing uppon the said presentments issued their warrants to the Constables of the parishes aforesaid severally & respectively i4 thereby requiring them to summon every such person soe presented according to the said Act And the Constables of the severall parishes aforesaid haveing returned their said respective Warrants here in this open Quarter Sessions to be entred uppon Record & severally made Oath here of the due execucion thereof Neverthelesse the said persons soe presented and Summoned as aforesaid or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record nor in this open Quarter Sessions take and subscribe the oath in the said Act mencioned & thereuppon the said Justices in this open Quarter Sessions aforesaid did make proclamacion that every person soe presented & summoned as

*

According to the Journals of the House of Commons, this Act was passed on 26 June, 1657 (cf. Firth and Rait, Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-60). The date given here, 17 September, 1656, is the day on which the Parliament was summoned to meet. ifc The words severally (;. respectively are interlined in MS.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

125

aforesaid shall personally* appeare att the next Quarter Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the said Citty of London then & there to take the said oath according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid or otherwise every of them makeing Default therein such their default wilbe Recorded and every of them wilbe adiudged a Popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid The names sirnames addicions and places of abode of the persons abovemencioned suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly Affected Frances Howse the wife of Francis Howse Doctor of Phisicke lodging att the House of one Mr Job King in the parish of Andrew Holborne in London [The list of names and addresses given in the preceding document is here repeated, with certain differences.]' And att the said next Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London that is to say att the Open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Munday the Nineteenth day of Aprill in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before S1' Richard Chiverton Knt Maior of the said Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esq1' and Sr John Ireton Knight Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty commited cometh Anne Penkevell of the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall London Widdow in her owne person whoe by the name of the said Safyrah Benkeine of the parish aforesaid vViddow att and in the last open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London was presented to be suspected or reputed to be a papist or popishly affected and was then and there Summoned and proclaymed as aforesaid And now here in this open Quarter Sessions holden for the Citty of London shee did personally make her appearance uppon Record And now here in this open Sessions did take and subscribe the said Oath of Abjuracion mencioned in the Act aforesaid and afterwards to witt [continued on dorse] on the said Nineteenth day of Aprill in the yeare last aforesaid the said open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was Adionled by thaforesaid Justices there untill Wednesday the One and Twentieth

*

The word personally is interlined in MS. , The following differences are to be noted in this list: (a) There are no marginal notes, except 19 . 6 . A pp' <f>. abiured, which occurs opposite the name of Safyrah Benkeine (cf. p. 141). (b) All mention of the following persons is omitted: Mary Katherines; J ohn Adams and John Sylvetti; Anne Cripplegate; Jean Matthieu de Columme, Francisco Vinturo, Frederico F ero Vitora, Georgius Comes de Kolonitch, Phillippus Jacobus Sheronits. (c) The whole sub-section headed Indicted is omitted, the list ending with the entry concerning Elizabeth Hood.


126

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

day of the said moneth of Aprill in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden at Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etc. And thereuppon att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers and in the Vvard last aforesaid on the said Wednesday the said One and Twentieth day of Aprill in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid S1' Richard Chiverton Knt Maior of the Citty aforesaid S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esql' S1' John Dethicke Knight Aldermen of the said Citty S1' Lislebone Longe Knt Recorder of the same Citty Sr John Ireton Knt & Thomas Alleyne Esqr Aldermen of the Citty aforesaid & others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors within the same Citty Committed the said Justices of the peace did here againe make proclamacion that every of the said other persons soe presented Summoned and proclaymed as aforesaid not now yett appeareing shall now here personally appeare att this open quarter Sessions of the publike peace here holden for the said Citty of London and now here take the said oath of Abiuracion according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid or otherwise they and every of them now here makeing Default therein such their Default wilbe Recorded & every of them wilbe adiudged a Popish Recusant Convict to all Intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid N everthelesse the said other persons soe presented Summoned & proclaimed as aforesaid to witt thaforenamed Frances House the wife of Francis House William Treevethein Henry Lusher Frances his wife Mary Denton Anthony Cuning Thomas Whitt acre Mary Killingworth James Beasely Mary his wife Peter Silleard [ J* his wife James Gilbert Peter Dellamer Robert Turner Francis BaIne John Feild [ J* Mortimer Indico Maus Peter Diovard Thomas Rodamunter Anne Fossett Monsieur Luis Perin James Cricke John Lilly Thomas Borne Bamado Maddeson Sarah Jones Charles Berenger Francis B,arnadoe Humphry Aldington Richard Crone John Blake Mathew Halley Adrian Henrickes Katherine his wife Adrian Henrickes their sonne Winifred & Mary their daughters Elizabeth Dupane John Baptista Guyatt Bridgett his wife John Fitzharbett Seigneur Augustine Curnell Thomas Westen Harman Marshall Edward Dale Robert Seager John Odell Peter Le Adore Mary his wife Jane Edwards John Walgrave Frances his wife Bartholmew Molyne Elizabeth Vivion and Elizabeth Hood or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record Nor in this open Quarter Sessions did take and subscribe the oath in the said Act mencioned therefore the default of them and every of them is now here Re-

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

127

corded and they and every of them are Adiudged Popish Recusants convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the fonne of the Act of ParHamt aforesaid (3)

[Indictment of James Aslyne for being a " Papist."J Taken by the Commission of the Peace

London SSe J ural'S for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions and Territoryes thereunto belonging uppon their oathes doe present that Proclairrted 21 . 6 . 1658 convicted James Aslyne of the parish of Andrew Undershaft in the ward of Lymestreete London aforesaiCI. merchant the Nyneth day of January In the yeare of Of Lord One Thousand Sixe hundred Fifty and seaven was above the age of sixeteene yeares .... [fonnula as (I), p. IISJ. Christopher Iles Ro bert Davis John Crowe~ [EndorsedJ A true bill

*

(4)

[Indictment of John, Marquis of Winchester, for being a " Papist."J Taken by the Commission of the Peace London SSe The J urofS for the Lord Protector .... doe present Proclaimed 21 . 6 . 1658 . convicted that John Marquess of Winchester of the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall in the ward of Broadstreete London aforesaid the Nyneth day of January in the yeare of Of Lord One Thousand Sixe hundred Fifty and seaven was above the age .... [fonnula as (I), p. IISJ. James Taylor [EndorsedJ A true bill (5)

[Indictment of Jane Wilcox and Margaret Smith for being " Papists."J Taken by the Commission of the Peace London SSe The JurofS for the Lord Protector .... doe present Proclaimed 21 . 6 . 1658 . convicted that Jane Wilcox of the parish of Gregoryes neere PauUs in the Proclaimed

ward of Farringdon wthin London aforesaid Widdow & Margarett 21 . 6 . 1658 . convicted Smith the wife of J oIm Smith of the parish and ward aforesaid Lynnendraper the Eighteenth day of December In the yeare of Of Lord One Thousand Sixe hundred Fifty and seaven were and

*

I.e., the next Quarter Sessions beginning 21 April, 1658 (at which he was commanded to appear). This date, as also in the five indictments which follow in the text, refers to the conviction. They were all proclaimed at the Sessions of 15 January, 1657/8 (IS .3. 1657). C/. document (3), (a) and (b), pp. 138, 140 â&#x20AC;˘ , The names added at the base of this and the following indictments are those of witnesses for the prosecution.


128

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1657/8

either of them was above the age .... and were [sic for areJ and either of them is suspected .... [formula as (I), p. IISJ. Theophilus Smith Thomas Butler Gregory Hardwicke Robert Seawell Edmond Paxton [EndorsedJ A true bill

*

(6) [Ignored bill against John Aslyne for being a " Papist."J London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector .... doe present that John Aslyne of the parish of Andrew Undershaft in the ward of Lymestreete London aforesaid the Fowerteenth day of December In 'the yeare of or Lord One Thousand sixe hundred Fifty and seaven was above the age .... [formula as (I), p. 115]. John Crowe Christofer lIes Robert Davis John Adams [EndorsedJ Wee cannott fynde this Bill (7)

[Indictment of Alexander Devellenour and two other persons for being" Papists."J Taken by the Commission of the Peace London SSe The Jurors for the Lord Protector .... doe present IS .3. 'Proclaimed 21.6. 16S8 . convicted that Alexander Devellenour of the parish of Andrew Wardrobe in IS . 3 . Proclaimed the ward of Castlebaynard London aforesaid Gent' Lambert Bresson 21 . 6 . 16S8 . convicted IS . 3 . Proclaimed of the parish and ward aforesaid Merchant and Nicholas Goree of 21 . 6 . 16S8 . convicted the parish and ward aforesaid Taylor the Eighteenth day of December In the yeare of or Lord One Thousand sixe hundred Fifty and seaven were and everyone of them was above the age .... and were [sic for areJ and everyone of them is suspected .... [formula as (I), p. IISJ. Edward Turner Tho: Stedman John Maycocke Rich: Peddar [EndorsedJ A true bill (8)

[Indictment of Peter Delavere and Barnard Dargabell for being" Papists."J Taken by the Commission of the Peace London SSe The Jurors for the Lord Protector .... doe present IS . 3 . Proclaimed 21. 6 . 16S8 . convicted that Peter Delavere of the parish of Bartholmew Exchange in the

*

The face of this document is scored-the usual treatment in the case of ignored bills. , I .e., I5 January, 1657/8.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY 1657/8

129

15 .3 . Proclaimed ward of Broadstreete London aforesaid Merchant Barnard Darga21 . 6 . 1658 . convicted bell of the parish and ward aforesaid Merchant [and Elizabeth Haverland of the parish and ward aforesaid Widdow scored] the Eighteenth day of December In the yeare of or Lord One Thousand sixe hundred Fifty and seaven were and everyone of them was . above the age .... and were [sic for are] and every one of them is suspected .... [formula as (I), p. 1I5J. Wm Savage John Lawson John Watts Tho: Edmonds [EndorsedJ A true bill agaynst Delevere & Dargabell onely

v

SESSIONS FILE, MARCH-ApRIL, 1658. A. SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 19 MARCH, 1657/8.* [Recognizance for the appearance of Andrew Kinge to answer.] London ss. Be it remembred yt on ye 15 th day of March 1657 before me Sr Robt~ Knt Alderman & one of ye Justices of ye Peace for ye Citty of London came And: Kinge of Gyles London Merchant & was deliverd into bayle to Tho: Smyth of Math: friday St M: = in Cheapsid gold smith till ye first day of ye next Sessions of ye Peace houlden for ye Citty of London to answer und: ye Penalty of ye said And: Lli' & ye said surtye XLl1' yt then etc. otherwise etc. [signedJ Robert Tichborne For being suspected to be Appeared a Recusant

*

The file for the previous Sessions of 19 February, 1657/8, is extant and complete with N ewgate calendar, but yields no matter of special interest to Catholics. The present file contains the records of S.P. 19 March, Q.S.P. 19 April, and G.D. 21 April. The Newgate calendar of the last date is extant. In this calendar is an entry of the committal to Newgate on 15 April of Henry Binstedd (01' Binstead), of Chichester, co. Sussex, on a warrant for high treason. Subsequent records show that by August, 1658, ten others had joined him in prison on similar charges, viz., Henry Neave (or Neve), of St. Buttolph's, Aldersgate, Gent.; Henry Bate (or Bates), of Harlington, co. Bedford, Gent.; William Current (or Carent), of St. Foster's, Cheapside, merchant; Jonathan Hancocke, of St. Clement Danes, co. Midds., goldsmith; Humphrey Breach, of St. Anne's Blackfriars, tailor; John Tirwhitt (or Terwhite) , of St Andrew's, Holborn, Gent.; John Goodwin, Edward Va gar, Samuel Amey, and Richard Hall. The last mentioned person, committed on 15 May, died in Newgate of "a Violent malign ante feavor" on I I June, 1658. (Inquisition-post-mortem on the file of 8 July). The rest, except Goodwin, were kept in gaol till October, 1658, when their liberty was ?-llowed them upon finding security for their good behaviour. Goodwin was m N~wgate till 15 December. It is probable that they were suspected of the royahst and anabaptist conspiracy threatening in that year, but the exact nature of the charges is nowhere stated in these records. , The surname Tichborne is omiii:ed in MS . . :I: M: probably stands for Matthew. The parish of St. Matthew, Fr:d?-y St., also had the name of "St Matthew in Cheap." Cf. Harben, Dtcttonary of L01'ldOI'l, p. 402 â&#x20AC;˘ . The words" M: in Cheapsid " in MS. are thus probably only explanatory of " Math: friday St." I


130

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

B. QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 21 APRIL, 1658. (1) [A list of reputed Catholics in London.] London ss. The names of the Persons presented by the Constables and Churchwardens wthin the Citty of London that are suspected and reputed to be Papists and Popishly affected the 19 th of March I657 If 2I . 6 . procl' sum':: Charles Collonell Gent' a Frenchman lodging and dieting att the house of John Sell att the signe of the Hen & Chickens in Hamons Key in the parish of Buttolph Billingsgate procl' sum' John Chamberleine Gent' a Lodger att Edward Everitts house in Fetterlane in the Parish of Andrew Holborne procl' sum' Mary Aberall Widdow &}dwelling in Plough yard in Fetterlane William her sonne in the Parish last aforesaid procl' sum' MiChaell RUSSell} . Lodgers att the house of Stephen Russell all procl' sum' Ancent [sic] Russell merchants MrLeonard procl' sum' Lemyng in Vestien Francke procl' sum' ( Joseph Coverare }their the parish procl' sum' of Andrew Pauble servant [sic] procZ' sum' Undershaft J eames Aslyne Merchant Lodger in the house procZ' sum' of Mr Wm Adams in the Parish aforesaid Lodging att Mris Sarah John Walgrave Merchant procl' sum' Kinnestons Frances Walgrave his wife procl' sum' house in the Elizabeth Vivion & 1 SPi?sters procl' sum' Parish of Elizabeth Hood f theIr t go'ae George Butservan s tolph Lane gone Jasper Lugg Merchant }LOdging att Robert gone I Mary Lugg }hiS Goodspeeds in the l Magdalen Lugg sisters Parish aforesaid gone Samuel Burch of the parish of Sepulchers procl' su.m' Lampblower Thomas Burch of the same parish Lampblower procl' sum: { Anne Burch his wife procl' sum'

*

r

*

Written on three sides of a large folded paper. The note concernin.g the similar list on the file of January, 1657/8 (p. IIg), applies also to this document. , I.e., 1657/8. tl1 I.e., " proclaimed and summoned on '21 April [1658]." These marginal ootes were evidently added by an official in court at the current Sessions.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS 'FILE

APRIL

1658

131

Robert Turner an Apprentice to Wm Jefferson of tlte Parish of Mary Abchurch Taylor Henry Lusher of the parish of Dunstan in the West Apothecary J* { [ ] '14 his wife Doctor Francis Pruiean Doctor of Physicke & procl' sum' the wife of the said Doctor of the parish of Martins Ludgate procl' sum' Nicholas Detrayof the parish of Buttolph AIgate Smyth procl' sum' Nicholas Fountaine of the same parish Glassemaker procl' sum' Indico Mace Merchant of the Parish of Dionis Backchurch procl' sum' ] '14 Mortymer Doctor of Physicke of the same parish procl' su.1n' ] '14 Harris Gent' lodging att the house of Mr Charles Harris in the same parish procl' sum' Thomas Lenthall Doctor of Physicke of the parish of Buttolph Aldersgate . 21 â&#x20AC;˘ 6 . App' & abiured = William Lewis Doctor in Divinity of the same Parish procl' sum' Mris Mary Owen of the same Parish procl' sum' Nicholas Bishopp Taylor Lodger att one William Lemons a Cooke att the signe of the Feathers in the same parish dead Mary Chillingsworth of the parish of St Bridgett otherwise Brides Spinster procl' sum' Margarett Smyth wife of John Smyth of the Parish of Gregoryes by Paulls Lynnendraper procl' sum' Jane \Vilcocks Widdow of the parish aforesaid procl' sum' Robert Crumlington Apprentice or servant to Mr James Hayes of the parish of Bennett Sherehogg procl' sum' Francis Ballew Gent' liveing in the house of Lewes Priddie in Buttolph Lane in the parish of Andrew Hubbard

procr sum'

* No marginal note occurs against this double entry in MS. '14 A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.

=I.~., " On 21 April he appeared and abjured."


132

PROTECTORATE

prod' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum'

[

J* J* J*

]* procl' s'f,tm'

procl' sum' procl' SU11~' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum'

procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' procl' procl' procl' procl'

sum' sum' sum' sum' sum'

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

Nicholas Gorey in Duke Humphryes in the Parish of Andrew Wardrobe Taylor Jane Gorey his wife Nicholas Delamott in Flower deluce Lane in the parish aforesaid Lucis Lamott [sic] his wife Peter Celier Merchant of the parish of Martins Orgars Margarett Celier his wife James Gilbert Merchant }Lodgers with the Ambrose Gilbert Merchant said Peter Celier Robert Siger lodging att Mr Bevings house and servant to the Venice Embassador in the Parish of Giles wthout Cripplegate John Odall Bookebinder } of the Thomas Deale Tobaccoecutter same Thomas Weston Stocking seller parish Katherine LittIeberry Spinster "lodging at Mris . Gilpins of the same parish Widdow Peirshe Shepalier a Frenchman and Fringmaker lodging att the house of Thomas Billings in the same parish Alice Williams Widdow lodging att the Widdow T omlins in the same parish Peter Leadore Merchant }Of the same Anne Leadore his wife parish Jane Edwards Widdow lodging att the house of Elizabeth Allens of the same parish Widdow Barnard Smythson APothecarY}Of the parish El' b th hi .f of Olaves lza e s WI e Silverstreete Augustine Cornell Agent for the Portugall Embassador of the parish of J anles Dukesplace ] If Cresse Merchant }Of the parish of ] If wife of John Coles Ethelborough John Baptista Guyatt Merchant} f th ,'sh Bridgett his wife of pan °H t ~ves te { Anthony [sic] Guyatt Spinster their Sister . ar s ree

ot

*

No marginal note occurs against this entry in MS. , A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


PROTECTORATE

procl' procl' procl' procl' procl' procl' procl'

sum' sum' sum' sum' sum' sum'

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

Henricke Merchant Katherine his wife . rAdrian Adrian Henricke their sonne

1658

1

~

133

of the parish Winifred & }th . D ht ,Of Olaves Mary elr aug ers Hartstreete Katherine Ball their servant Mary wife of Robert Cole mercht J S14-m' John Fitzharbart servant to Mr Simmons in gone Markelane in the parish aforesaid 21 .6. App' 0- abiured John Chaffey a Somersett sheire gent' & of the Middle Temple London lodging att John Rapsons house in Lothbury in the parish of Margarett Lothbury procl' sum' Lewis Perin of the parish of Michaell Crockedlane Merchant { [ J* his wife Gio Torriano an Italian Merchant lodging att procl' su'm' Ml' F oremans house in the shoemakers Rowe in the parish of Anne Blackfryers prod' sum' Stephen Quyney Taylor Lodging att Mr Tarbetts house ~ in the Shoemakers Row in the same parish gone Anthony Symons Taylor Lodger att Mr Bullocks in the Round Court in the same parish procl' sum' Hadan Court wife of Hadan Court a French Merchant neere the Church of the same parish procl' sum' Dittye Russell Taylor lodging att Mr Randvilles house in Bridewell Lane in the same parish gone Harmond Skildermond a Journeyman Taylor att Ml' PennyCoates [sicJ in Swann Alley in the same parish procl' sum' Francis a Journeyman Taylor Lodger att Mr Atkeys in Bridewell Lane in the same parish gone Dupree a Journey [sic] Taylor lodging att Mr Willoughbres in Bridewell Lane in the same parish procl' sum' Michaell &}Journeymen Taylors lodging att gone Raniere Mri8 J oyes a Widdow neere the Broadplace in the same parish

l

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. ,. The word house is interlined in MS .


134

PROTECTORATE

procl' s1-t-m'

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r658

Ember Williams a Freenchman & housekeeper neere the Broade place in the same parish ' William Gribarvall \Vatchmaker}Lodging aU Mary his wife the said Ember Williams Anthony Cussett a Journeyman Taylor in Bridewell lane in the same parish Francis Mazott Merchant }Of the parish of Theodore Wyer Merchant Michaell Cornehill Francis Brunett Merchant lodging att Mr Francis Pardinis lVIerchant in the parish of Dunstans in . the East Mary Katherins Lodging att Widdow Statons in the same parish Bartholmew Murtoyne Merchant Lodging att Widdow Suche in the same parish William Tasburye}servants to the said FranBassill More cis Pardinis of the same parish John Selby Apprentise to Godfrey Burton of the par1sh of st J obn Baptist John Centeylyon Merchant}Lodging att one John Reare his servant Doctor Burrells in the parish of Alhallowes Staynyng Anthony Mychard Merchant of the parish of Alphage Jasper Duewart a Portugall gent' lodging aU Mr John ~ Lawrence his house in Phillipp Lane in the parish aforesaid

gone gone procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum'

*

procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum' procZ' sum' procl' sum' procl' sum'

procl' su m' procl' sum'

(2)

[Record of proceedings against the persons named in the preceding document.]:I: London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Munday the Nineteenth day of Aprill In the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr Sr John Ireton Knight Aldermen of the said Citty

*

The word l'vferchant is interlined in MS. , T he word John is interlined in MS. :I: Written on parchment.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

135

Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid And alsoe to heare and Determine divets Felonies Trespasses ¡ and other misdemeanors within the same Citty Committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by the aforesaid Justices there untill Wednesday the One and Twentyeth day of the said moneth of Aprill in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att J usticehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon without London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their fell owes further to doe as the Court should Consider ej.c. And thereuppon att the same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish & ward aforesaid on the said Wednesday the said One and Twentyeth day of Aprill in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty aforesaid S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr Sr John Dethicke Knight Aldermen of the said Citty Sr Lislebone Long Knight Sr John Ireton Knight and Thomas Aleyne Esqr Aldermen of the Citty aforesaid Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty Committed The said Justices of the peace in pursuance of the late Act of Parliament begun att Westmr the seaventeenth day of September in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Sixe made for discovering convicting and repressing of Popish Recusants did deliver here att this Quarter Sessions in open Sessions severall presentments to be Recorded of the names sirnames addicions and places of abode of the severall persons here under named being of the age of Sixeteene yeares which had been presented above Fowerteene dayes before the said Quarter Sessions to the said Justices by the Constables and Churchwardens of the severall parishes here under mencioned uppon their severall Oathes to be suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly Affected And the said Justices of the peace haveing uppon the said presentments issued their warrants to the Constables of the parishes aforesaid severally and respectively thereby requiring them to Summon every such person soe presented according to the said Act and the Constables of the severall parishes aforesaid haveing returned their said respective Warrants here in this open Quarter Sessions to be entred uppon Record and severally made Oath here of the due execucion thereof And thereuppon William Lewis Doctor in Divinity of the parish of Buttolph Aldersgate and John Chaffey Gent' of the Middle Temple London and of the parish of Margarett Lothbury Twoe of the said persons soe presented & Summoned as aforesaid did now severally and respectively make his and their personall appearance uppon Record and in this open Sessions did severally take and subscribe the oath of Abiuracion in the said Act mencioned Butt the said other persons soe presented and summoned as aforesaid or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record nor in


136

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r658

this open Quarter Sessions take and subscribe the oath in the said Act mencioned and thereuppon the said Justices in this open Quarter Sessions aforesaid did make proc1amacion that every person soe presented & summoned as aforesaid shall personally appeare att the next Quarter Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the said Citty of London then & there to take the said oath according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid or otherwise every of them makeing Default therein such their default wilbe Recorded and every of them wilbe adiudged a Popish Recusant Convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid The names sirnames addicions & places of abode of the persons abovemencioned suspected or reputed to be papists or popishly affected Charles Collonell Gent' a Frenchman .... [The list of names and addresses given in the preceding document is here repeated, with certain differences.] And afterwards to witt att the said next open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London that is to say att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Munday the Fifth day of July in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before S1' Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the said Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin S1' Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr Sr Thomas Vyner S1' John Dethicke Knights and Thomas Aleyne Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty Committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by thaforesaid Justices there untill Thursday the Eighth day of the said moneth of July in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden at Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should Consider etc. And thereuppon att the same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty by the adiornament aforesaid att Justicehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers and in the ward last aforesaid on the said Thursday the said Eighth

*

*

The following differences occur in this list as compared with the preceding paper: (a) All marginal notes are omitted, except 8 .9. Abiured, which occurs opposite the name of Doctor Francis Pruiean (cf¡ p. 143). (b) The entries concerning the following persons are omitted: Elizabeth Hood; Jasper Lugg, Mary Lugg, and Magdalen Lugg; Henry Lusher and his wife; William Lewis; Mary Chillingsworth; Peter Celier, Margarett Celier; James Gilbert, Ambrose Gilbert; John Fitzharbact; John Chafiey; Anthony Symons; Harmond Skildermond; Dupree; Raniere; William Gribarvall and :Mary his wife.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL 1658

137

day of July in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty aforesaid Sr Thomas Atkin sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke John Fowke Esqrs Sr Thomas Vyner Sr John Dethicke Knights Sr Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty Sr John Ireton Knight & Thomas Aleyne Esqr Aldermen of the Citty aforesaid & others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses & other misdemeanors with in the same Citty Committed cometh the aforenamed Doctor Francis Pruiean Doctor of Physick of the parish of Martins Ludgate whoe att & in the last Generall open Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London was presented to be suspected & reputed to be a Papist or popishly affected & was then & there summoned & proclaimed as aforesaid And now herein this open Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty of London by the Adiornament aforesaid hee did personally make his appearance uppon Record & now here in this open Sessions did take & subscribe the said oath of Abiuracion mencioned in the Act aforesaid And afterwards the said Justices of the peace did here againe make proclamacion that every of the said other persons soe presented Summoned & proclaimed as aforesaid not now yett appeareing shall now here personally appeare att this open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace here holden for the said Citty of London and now here take the said oath of Abiuracion according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid or otherwise they & every of them now here makeing Default therein such their Default wilbe Recorded & every of them wilbe adiudged a Popish Recusant Convict to all Intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid N everthelesse the said other persons soe presented Summoned & proclaimed as aforesaid to witt thaforenamed Charles Collonell John Chamberleine Mary Aberall William her sonne Michaell Russell Stephen Russell Ancent Russell Vestien Francke Joseph Coverare Pauble J eames Aslyne John Walgrave Frances his wife Elizabeth Vivion Samuell Burch Thomas Burch Anne his wife Robert Turner Nicholas Detray Nicholas Fountaine Indico Mace [ J* Mortymer [ J* Harris Thomas Lenthall Mrls Mary Owen Nicholas Bishopp Margarett Smyth Jane Wilcocks Robert Crumlington Francis Ballew Nicholas Gorey Jane his wife Nicholas Delamott Lucis Lamott his wife Robert Siger John Odall Thomas Deale Thomas Weston Katherine Littleberry Peirshe Shapalier Alice Williams Peter Leadore Anne his wife Jane Edwards Barnard Smythson Elizabeth his wife Augustine Cornell [ J Cresse [ J wife of J oh11 Coles John Baptista Guyatt Bridgett his wife Anthony Guyatt Adrian Henricke Katherine his wife Adrian Henricke their sonne Winifred & Mary their Daughters Katherine Ball Mary wife of Robert Cole Lewis Perin [ J* his wife Gio Torriano Stephen Quyney Hadan Court wife of Hadan Court Dittye Russell Francis Michaell Ember 'iVilliams

*

*

* A space is left here in

MS. for Christian name.


138

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

Anthony Cussett Francis Mazott Theodore Wyer Francis Brunett Mary Katherins Bartholmew Murtoyne William Tasburye Bassill More John Selby John Centeylyon John Reare Anthony Mychard Jasper Duewart or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record Nor in this open Quarter Sessions did take and subscribe the oath in the said Act mencioned therefore the default of them & every of them is now here Recorded & they & every of them are Adiudged Popish Recusants convict to all intents & purposes whatsoever according to the forme of. the Act of Parliament aforesaid (3) (a) [Record of proceedings against five persons indicted at the Sessions of January, 1657/8, for being Papists.] London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Wednesday the Thirteenth day of January In the yeare of Of Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Seaven before Richard Chiverton maior of t he Citty of London S1' Thomas Atkin S1' Thomas Andrewes Knights and John Fowke Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty Justices assigned t o keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid And alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty Committed by the oathes of Thomas Hudson Thomas Smyth Thomas Harman Robert Mordent Thomas Hiller Eusebius Gurry William Hiller Thomas Haycocke Giles Bloomer Richard Phillipps Edward N uell Stephen Wood Silvester Deane Michael Williams and Thomas Webb good and lawfull men of the Citty of London aforesaid then and there sworne and charged to inquire for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions and Territoryes thereunto belonging and the body of the Citty aforesaid Itt is presented that Alexander Devellenour of the parish of Andrew Wardrobe in the ward of Castlebaynard London aforesaid Gent' Lambert Bresson of the parish and ward aforesaid merchant and Nicholas Goree of the parish and ward aforesaid Taylor the Eighteenth day of December .... [the indictment against these persons, given on page 128, is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted] And that Peter Delevere of the parish of Bartholmew Exchange in the ward of Broadstreete London aforesaid Merchant and Barnard Dargabell of the parish and ward aforesaid Merchant the Eighteenth day of December .... [the indictment against these persons (c/. page 128) is here repeated, the entry concerning Elizabeth Haverland and all notes and minutes being omitted] And afterwards to witt on the said Thirteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty aforesaid was adiorned by thaforesaid Justices there untill Friday the Fifteenth day of the said moneth of January in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att J usticehall ,in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

139

ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before the aforesaid Justices & others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etc. Whereuppon att that said open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the said Adiornament att J usticehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers in the ward aforesaid on the said Fifteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Richard Chiverton Maior of the Citty aforesaid Sr Thomas Atkin sr Thomas Foote Knights John Fowke Esqr Sl' Christopher Packe Sr John Dethicke Sl' Robert Tichborne Knights Aldermen of the said Citty sr Lislebone Long Kmght Recorder of the same Citty John Ireton Thomas Aleyn and Walter Bigg Aldermen of the Citty aforesaid Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed Proclamacion was made by the said Justices according to the forme of the Statute in this case made and provided By which Itt was commanded that the said Alexander Devellenour Lambert Bresson Nicholas Goree Peter Delevere and Barnard Dargabell soe presented as aforesaid shall personally appeare att the next open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the Citty of London then & there to take and subscribe the Oath of Abiuracion mencioned and expressed in the Statute aforesaid or els uppon their default then to be Recorded they shalbe adiudged popish Recusants and every of them shalbe adiudged a popish Recusant convict to all Intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of. the Statute aforesaid Att which next open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London that is to say att the open General1 Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on M1Hlday the Nineteenth day of Aprill in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr and Sf John Ireton Knight Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors within the same Citty committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiomed by the aforesaid Justices there untill Wednesday the One and Twentyeth day of the said Moneth of Aprill in the yeare last aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att Justicehall in the O~d Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon WIth out London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etc. And thereuppon att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish and ward last aforesaid on the sa~d Wednesday the said One and Twentyeth day of Aprill in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sl' Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of


140

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr & Sr John Dethicke Knight Aldermen of the said Citty Sr Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty Sr John Ireton Knight & Thomas Aleyne Esqr Aldermen of the Citty of London aforesaid and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed the said Alexander Devellenour Lambert Bresson Nicholas Goree Peter Delevere and Barnard Dargabell soe presented and proclaimed as aforesaid did not make their appearance nor any of them did make his or their appearance uppon Record att the last said mencioned open Generall Quarter Sessions Nor in the same open Generall Quarter Sessions did take or subscribe nor any of them did take or subscribe the oath aforesaid but therein made default and every of them then and there did make Default and his & their Default therein is Recorded Therefore they the said Alexander Devel1enour Lambert Bresson Nicholas Goree Peter Delevere and Barnard Dargabell are adiudged popish Recusants and every of them is adiudged a popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid in that case made & provided etc. (b) [On the dorse of the above document is the following record of proceedings against the four other persons indicted for being Papists" at the Sessions of January, 1657/8.J London ss. Be itt remembred .... [preamble as in preceding record (3a) aboveJ within the same Citty committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty aforesaid was adiorned by thaforesaid Justices there untill Friday the Fifteenth day of the said moneth of January in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices & others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should Consider etc. And thereuppon by certaine Inquisicions taken att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish & ward aforesaid on the said Friday the said Fifteenth day of J anuary in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Richard Chiverton Maior .... [Atkin, Foote, Fowke, Packe, Dethicke, Tichborne, Lislebone Long, Ireton, Aleyn, and Bigg, as in preceding record (3 a ) down to misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed "J by the oathes of Thomas Hudson .... [the names of the jurors given in preceding record (3a) are here repeatedJ good and lawful men .... [as in preceding recordJ itt is presented that James Aslyne of the parish of Andrew Undershaft in the ward of Lymestreete London aforesaid merchant the Nyneth day of January .... [the indictment given on page 127 is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted] And that John Marquesse of Winchester of II

II


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1658

141

the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall in the ward of Broadstreete London aforesaid the Nyneth day of January .... [the indictment given on page 127 is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted] And that Jane Wilcox of the parish of Gregoryes neere Paulls in the ward of Farringdon wthin London aforesaid Widdow & Margarett Smith the wife of John Smith of the parish and ward aforesaid Lynnendraper the Eighteenth day of December .... [the indictment given on page 127 is here repeated, all notes and minutes being omitted] Whereuppon att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London by the said Adiornament att justicehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid 011 the said Fifteenth day of January in the yeare aforesaid before the Justices last named and others their Fellowes Justices aforesaid Proclamacion was made by the said Justices according to the forme of the Statute in this case made and provided By which itt was commanded that the said James Aslyne John Marquess of Winchester Jane Wilcox and Margarett Smith soe presented as aforesaid shall personally appear att the next open General Quarter Sessions of the publike peace .... [as in preceding record (3a) down to according to the forme of the Statute aforesaid"] Att which next open General1 Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Mtmday the Nineteenth day of Aprill .... [as in preceding record down to misdemeanors with in the same Citty committed "] the said James Aslyne John Marquesse of Winchester Jane Wilcox and Margarett Smyth soe presented and proclaimed as aforesaid did not make their appearance .... & their Default therein is Recorded Therefore they the said James Aslyne John Marquesse of Winchester Jane Wilcox and Margarett Smyth are adiudged popish Recusants .... [conclusion as in preceding record (3 a)]. t(

t(

[Record of the abjuration of Anne Penkevell alias Safyrah Benkeine, John Chaffey and William Lewis.] London SSe Be itt remembred that att the open General Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att and in the Guildhall of the same Citty on Munday the Nyneteenth day of Aprill in the yeare of or Lord One thousand sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before S1' Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights and John Kendricke Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid And alsoe to heare and detennyne divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same Citty committed came personally Anne Penkevell of the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall London Widdow whoe by the name of Safyrah Benkeine of the parish aforesaid Widdow att and in the last open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London was presented to be suspected or reputed to be a Papist or popishly (4)


142

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL ¡ r6S8

affected and "vas then and there summoned & proclaimed in the same open Sessions according to the late Act made for discovering convicting and repressing of Popish Recusants and now here in this next open Quarter Sessions holden for the Citty of London shee did personally appeare and now here did take and subscribe the Oath of Abiuration in the same Act mencioned in theis words folowing to witt I Anne Penkevell of the parish of Alhallowes on the Wall London Widdow otherwise called Safyrah Benkeine of the parish aforesaid Widdow doe abiure and renounce the Popes Supremacy and Authority over the Catholique Church in Generall and over my selfe in perticuler And I do believe the Church of Rome is not the true Church And that there is not any Transsubstantiation in the Sacrament of the Lords Supper or in the Elements of bread and wine after Consecration thereof by any person whatsoever And I doe alsoe beleive that there is not any Purgatory And that the consecrated Roast Crucifixes or Images ought not to be worshipped neither that any Worshipp is due unto any of them And I alsoe beleive that Salvation cannott be merited by workes And I do sincerely testify and declare that the Pope neither himselfe nor by any Authority of the Church or See of Rome or by any other meanes with any other hath any power or authority to depose the Cheife Magistrate of these nations or to dispose of any the Countryes Territoryes thereunto belonging or to authorize any Forreigne Prince or State to invade or annoy him or them or to discharge any of the people of theis Nations from their obedience to the cheife Magistrate or to give Licence or leave to any of the said people to bear Arms raise tumults or to offer any violence or hurt to the person of the said Cheife Magistrate or to the State or Government of these Nations or to any of the people thereof And I do further swear That I do from my heart abhor detest and abiure this damnable Doctrine and Position That Princes Rulers or Governours which be excomunicated or deprived by the Pope may by vertue of such Excommunication or Deprivation be killed murthered or deposed from their Rule or Government or any outrage or violence don unto them by the people that are under them or by any other whatsoever uppon such pretence And I do further sweare That I do believe that the Pope or Bishop of Rome hath noe Authority power or Jurisdiction whatsoever within England Scotland and Ireland or any or either of them or the Dominions or Territoryes belonging to them or any or either of them And all Doctrines in affirmacion of the said points I do abiure and renounce wthout any equivocation mentall reservation or secrett evasion whatsoever taking the words by me spoken according to the common and usuall meaning of them And I do believe no power derived from the Pope or Church of Rome or any other person can absolve me from this my Oath and I doe renounce all Pardons & dispensations to the contrary. Soe helpe me God. The marke of Anne

C)

Penkevell


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r658

143

Alsoe att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace first above mencioned holden for the Citty of London before the Justices before named came personally John Chaffey Gent' of the Middle Temple London lodging in the parish of Margarett Lothbury London whoe now here* was likewise presented to be suspected~ to be a Papist or popishly affected and was summoned to appeare now here att this open Quarter Sessions as aforesaid and did now here take and subscribe the Oath of Abiuracion mencioned in the Act aforesaid in these words following to witt I John Chaffey Gent' of the Middle Temple London lodging in the parish of Margarett Lothbury doe abiure .... [formula of Oath as above] [signed] John Chaffey Alsoe att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace first abovemencioned further holden for the said Citty of London by Adiornamt att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the Parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon wthout London on Wednesday the One and twentieth day of Aprill In the yeare above written before the Justices above named & others their Fellowes Justices aforesaid came personally William Lewis of Aldersgatestreete in the parish of Buttolph wthout Aldersgate London Doctor in Divinity whoe att the open Quarter Sessions first abovemencioned was likewise presented to be suspected or reputed to be a Papist or popishly affected & was sumnl0ned to appeare att this open Quarter Sessions as aforesaid & did now here take & subscribe the oath of Abiuration mencioned in the Act aforesaid in these words following to witt I William Lewis of Aldersgate Streete in the parish of Buttolph wthout Aldersgate London Doctor in Divinity doe abiure .... [formula of Oath as above] [signed] W. Lewis

VI

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING

5

JULY,

r65 8 .:I:

[Record of the abjuration of Francis Prujean.] London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London by Adiornament att J usticehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with <;mt London aforesaid on Thursday the Eighth day of July in the yeare of 01' Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and eight before SI' Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sf Thomas Atkin SI' Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke John Fowke Esqrs and Sr Thomas

* The words now here are interlined in MS.

, The words to be suspected are interlined in MS. ~ This file includes also the records of the G.D. Sessions of 8 July, together with the Newgate calendar of the latter date. The :file fat the preceding Sessions of 26 May is extant (With Newgate calendar), but contains llO matter bearing on the history of Catholics.


144

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1658

Vyner Knight Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same Citty committed came personally Francis Pruiean Doctor of Physicke of the parish of Martins Ludgate London whoe by the name of Doctor Francis Pruiean Doctor of Physicke of the parish aforesaid att and in the last open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London was presented to be suspected or reputed to be a Papist or popishly affected and was then and there summoned & proclaimed in the same open Sessions according to the late Act made for discovering convicting and repressing of Popish Recusants and now here in this next open Quarter Sessions holden for the Citty of London hee did personally appeare and now here did take and subscribe the oath of Abiuracion in the same Act mencioned in theis words following to witt I Francis Pruiean of the parish of Martins Ludgate London Doctor of Physicke doe abiure .... [formula of Oath as in (4). p. 142] [signed] Fran: Pruiean

VII

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING II OCTOBER, 1658.

*

(I)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Mabb to answer and of Henry Hills to prosecute.] London ss. Bee it remembred that on ye third Day of October In the yeere of our Lord one Thousand six hundred Fifty and eight' Thomas Williams of Little Brittaine in the parish of Bottolph Aldersgate Pewterer and undertooke for Thomas Mabb of the parish of Faith Stacioner under the paine of Twenty pounds and the said Thomas Mabb undertooke for himselfe under the paine of Thirty pounds which they did severally graunt to be levied etc. upon Condicion that if the said Thomas Mabb shall personally appeare at the next Sessions of the Peace to be holden for the Citty of London at the Guildhall to answear etc. and not Departe etc. and in the meane time be of the good behavior That then etc. Otherwise etc. [. slgne dJ J 0 h n Iret on Henry Hills of Bottolphs Algate printer bound in XXli' to prosecute for printing popish bookes and resistinge the officers that came to search his house

*

Appeared

This file contains also the documents relating to the G.D. Sessions of 14 October. The Newgate calendar of the latter date is attached. The file for the preceding Sessions of 18 August (with Newgate calend.ar).iE! extant, but contains no matter relating to Catholics. ~ The usual phrase before Sr John Ireton Alderman and' one of the: Justice-s of the peace for the Citty of London came is here omitted in MS.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

r658

145

(2)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Weston to answer and of Thady Bourn and Christopher Waker to prosecute.] London ss. Be it remembred that the eighth day of October in the yeare of or Lord r658 before Robert Lord Tichborne Alderman & one of the Justices of the peace for the Citty of London came Thomas Waker of the parish of Butt. Aldergate [sic] Skinner and Henry Brand of the same parish Peuterer and undertooke for Thomas Weston of the parish of Giles Creplegate Labourer that is to say of the sureties aforesaid under penalty of XXll' and the said Thomas Weston then present undertooke for himselfe under penalty of XLIi' W Ch they did severally grant to be levied of theire & every of their Lands and Tenem ts goods and Chattells to the use of the said Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland & the Dominions & Territories thereto . belonging by way of Recognizance upon Condition that if the said Thomas Weston shall personally appeare at the next generall Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the Citty aforesaid then & there to answer etc. and not to departe etc. [Signed] Robert Tichborne All App' Thady Bourn of Covengarden upholstor & Christopher Waker of Cliffords lnne gent' bound in XLIi' to prosecute the said VI est on upon suspition of being a Roman Catholik & endeavouring to seduce severall people to that religion (3) [Record of the abjuration of Thomas Weston.] London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London by Adiornament att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the Ward of Farringdon without London aforesaid on Thursday the Fowerteenth day of October in the yeare of or Lord One Thousand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin sr Thomas Foote Sr John Dethicke Knights Aldermen of the said Citty & others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid & alsoe to heare and determine divers Fellonyes Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same C~tty Committed came personally Thomas Weston of the parish of Giles without Cripplegate Stockingseller whoe by the name of Thomas Wesson Stockingseller att and in the last open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of Lo~don' was by the Constables and Churchwardens of the said pansh of Giles without Cripplegate presented to be suspected to

*

* The name Chl'istopher is interlined in MS.

'. I.e., the Sessions of the preceding July-the file of which, however, contams no record of Vveston's presentment as a ., Papist."

J


146

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1658

be a Papist or popishly affected & was then and there Summoned & proclaimed in the same open Sessions according to the late Act made for discovering convicting and repressing of popish Recusants And now here in this next open Quarter Sessions holden for the Citty of London hee did personally appeare & now here did take and subscribe the Oath of Abiuration in the same Act mencioned in theis words following to witt I Thomas Vifeston of the parish of Giles with out Cripplegate London Stockingseller doe abiure .... [formula of Oath as in (4),

P¡14

2

The marke

]

(4)

W

of Thomas Weston

[Indictment of Mary Mabb for assaulting John Field.] pleadetk tkat ker name is Mercy & not Mary London S5. The Jurors for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland & Ireland and the Dominions & Territoryes thereunto belonging uppon their oathes doe present that Mary Mabb late of London spinster otherwise called Mary Mabb the wife of Thomas Mabb late of London Printer the Five & twentieth day of September in the yeare of Of Lord One thousand sixe hundred Fifty and Eight wth force & armes & att London that is to say in the parish of Faithes in the ward of Farringdon wthin London aforesaid in and uppon one John Feild Citizen and Stacioner of London in the peace of God and in the publike peace then & there being did make an assault and him the said John Feild then and there did beate wound and evilly intreate soe that of his life itt was greately dispaired and other hurts and harms to the said John Feild then and there did To the greate damage of the said John Feild And against the publike peace etc. John Feild [Endorsed] A true Bill Rich. Clarke ~ 12 . I .

*

(5) [Mercy Mabb's plea of Misnomer.] London ss. And now that is to say att the Generall Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London Att the Guildhall . of and in the same Citty on Munday the Thirteenth day of December in the yeare of or Lord One Thousand sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before Sr John Ireton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights and John Kendricke Esqr Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid & alsoe to he are and determine divers Fellonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same Citty Committed Cometh Mercy Mabb the wife of Thomas Mabb of London Printer in her owne person and haveing heard the Indictmt aforesaid read unto her sayth that she hopeth that his Highnesse the said Lord Protector her the said Mercy for the premisses by the name of Mary Mabb ought not nor will further Impeach or trouble Because shee sayth

*

I.e., 12 November (1658) at the Sessions of the Peace begun at the Guildhall on this day. , Witnesses for the prosecution.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1658

147 '

that shee the said Mercy att the time of the takeing of the Indictm t aforesaid and before and allwayes afterwards had to her Christian name Mercy and by that Christian name allways from the Tyme of her Birth ,vas Baptized named called and knowne by the name of Mercy And that shee the said Mercy hath not nor ever had the name of Mary nor by that name of Mary was ever Baptized named called or knowne as by the Indictmt aforesaid above against her is supposed And this shee is ready to verify As the Courte shall Award And thereof prayeth the Judgem t whether shee ought to answere any further to the Indictm t aforesaid And that shee may · goe thereof wthout Day etc. (6) [Indictment of Thomas Mabb for printing a « popish" book.] London ss. The Jurors for the Lord Protector of the Common wealth of England Scotland and Ireland and the Dominions & Territoryes thereunto belonging uppon their oathes doe present that pu se 13 . 2 • , a Jury not Guilty discharged Thomas Mabb late of London Printer the Five & twentieth day of September In the yeare of or Lord One thousand sixe hundred Fifty and Eight wth force & armes & att London that is to say in the parish of Faithes in the ward of Farringdon wthin London aforesaid one unwarrantable popish and superstitous booke written in the English tongue beareing this title to witt Englands old Religion out of Bedes owne words unlawfully & uniustly did print and cause to be printed In Contempt of the Lawes of England To the greate dainger of perverting the people of England from the true service of Almighty God To the evill Example of all others in the like case offending Against the forme of the Statute in this case made & provided And against the publike peace etc. John Feild Richard Clarke;I: [Endorsed] A true Bill

*

VIII

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 12 JANUARY, 1658/9. §

[Record of proceedings against reputed Catholics in London.]11 London ss. Be itt remembred that att the open Generall Quarter ·

* Subsequent files give no information of further proceedings in this case.

, I. e" 13 December (r65 8)-at the Se$sions of the Peace begun on this day at the Guildhall. Expanded, the whole note runs: "At the present Sessions (October) he puts himself upon a jury of his country. On December 13 th a Jury is summoned; he is found not guilty and is discharged." This last word is represented in MS. by " ad." ;I: Witnesses for the prosecution. § This file contains also the records of the G.D. Sessions begun at Justice Hall on 12 January. The current Newgate calendar, as usual, wraps the file. Among the G.D . indictments is filed an inquisition-post-mortem on John Sumner, a prisoner in Newgate, " for suspicion of High Treason of which he lay convicted," who died in gaol I January, 1658/9, "of God's visitacion." Inquest taken same day. Since his name does not occur on the London calendars we may assume that he was a Middlesex prisoner. The file for the preceding Sessions of 15 December is extant (with Newgate calendar), but contains no information likely to refer to Catholics. II This document is not accompanied, as were the similar Records on


148

PROTECTORATE

SESSlONS FILE

JANUARY

r6SBI9

Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Munday the Eleaventh day of October In the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight before S1' Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote Knights John Kendricke Esqr S1' Thomas Vyner Sr John Dethicke Knights Aldermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same Citty Committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by the aforesaid Justices thereuntill Thursday the Fowerteenth day of said Moneth of October in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Clocke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att J usticehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon with out London aforesaid before the aforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should Consider etc. And thereuppon att that same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the parish & ward aforesaid on the said Wednesday* the said Fowerteenth day of October in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sr Richard Chiverton Knight Maior of the Citty of London S1' Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Andrewes Sr Thomas Foote Sr Thomas Vyner Sr John Dethicke Knights Aldermen of the said Citty Sr Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other misdemeanors wthin the same Citty committed if4 in Pursuance of the late Act of Parliament begun att Westmr the Seaventeenth day of September in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Sixe made for discovering convicting and repressing of Popish Recusants did deliver here att this Quarter Sessions in open Sessions severall presentments to be Recorded of the names sirnames addicions and places of abode of the severall persons here under named being of the age of Sixeteene yeares which had been presented above Fowerteene dayes before the said Quarter Sessions to the said Justices by the Constables and Churchwardens of the severall parishes here under mencioned uppon their severall Oathes to be suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly affected And the said Justices of the peace haveing uppon the said presentments issued their warrants to the Constables of the parishes aforesaid severally and respectively thereby requiring them to Summon every such person soe presented according to the said Act And the Constables of the severall parishes aforesaid haveing returned their said respective Warrants the files for January, 1657/8, and April, 1658, by an earlier draft (on paper) of the list of Catholics it contains. Sic in MS. An error for Th,.tfsdav. ~ ALter committed some such words ~s " The said Justices of the peace" (omitted in MS.) seem to be required.

*


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1658/9

149

here in this open Quarter Sessions to be entred uppon Record and severally made Oath here of the due execucIon thereof Neverthelesse the said persons soe presented and Summoned as aforesaid or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record nor in this open Quarter Sessions take and subscribe the Oath in the said Act mencioned and thereuppon the said Justices in this open Quarter Sessions aforesaid did make proclamacion that every person soe presented & Summoned as aforesaid shall personally appeare at the next Quarter Sessions of the publike peace to be holden for the said Citty of London then & there to take the said Oath according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid or otherwise every of them makeing Default therein such their default wilbe Recorded and every of them wilbe adiudged a Popish Recusant convict to all intents and purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid The names Sirnames addicions and places of abode of the persons above mencioned suspected or reputed to be Papists or popishly affected John Lilley Waxchandler of the parish of Austins Robert Cromlington of the parish of Bennett Sherehogg London ] Hayes Widdow Drugster servant to [ John vValgrave Merchant } f th "h f G 0 e pans 0 eorg Frances his wife thelr "" dservant Buttolph Lane " Eli zabeth V lveon met! John Chamberleyne liveing att Mr Edward Everetts house in Fetterlane in the parish of Andrew Holborne Mary Aveyrall liveing in Ploughyard in Fetterlane in the parish aforesaid William Brookes }liveing in Blacke swanyard in Holborne in the parish aforesaid Anne his daughter Margarett Smyth wife of John Smyth of the parish of Gregoryes neere Paulls J ane Wilcox Widdow of the same parish William Gill Apprentice to Francis Clifford of the parish of Christophers Samuell Birch }L bi }liVeing in Angell Courte on Thomas Birch amp owers Snowhill in the parish of Anne Birch wife of the said Thomas Sepulchers . John Toiana att Mr Dolhams house in Shoemakers Row in the parish of Anne Blackfryers Mr Hadan Cores wife in Glassehouse yard in the same parish Frances Kite att Mr Tewders house in Waterstreete in the same . parish Dlty Russell att Mr Ranwells house in Paved Alley in the same parish Ember Williams in the N ooke in the same parish Mable Hobson att Mr Deubyes house against the Church in the same parish

*

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


150

PROTECTORATE

SESS IONS FILE

JANUARY

1658/9

Stephen Coyne att Mr Turberts house in Shoemakers Rowe in the same parish Nicholas Detray Smyth } Sarah Hunt vViddow Waterbearer f th . h f B tt 1 h Hugh Hanaken Smyth o. e pans 0 U ' 0 p John Angelo Rackett WIthout Algate Peter Prynne John Baptista Guyatt Merchant } f th - . h of Olaves 0 B n'dgett his WI'fe H t et pans t Anthony Guyatt Spinster their Sister ar s ree e Mary wife of Henry Cole Merchant of the same parish Adrian Henwicke Merchant } Katherine his wife Adrian his sonne of the same parish Mary& } . Wineffred his daughters Katherine Ball their servant Henry Lusher of the parish of S. Dunstans in the West London J* his wife [ Barnard Smithson} . . of the pansh of Olaves Silverstreete Sisell Fisher his man John Seagar servant to the Venice Embassador lodging att ¡ Mr Bevens house in the parish of Gyles without Cripplegate John Odall Bookebinder Thomas Dale Tobaccoecutter Kathe.rin[e .LJitLt~eblury }Widdowes F ran CIS s~c IDS y in the same Peircy Shavileers Frenchman and Fringrnaker parish Peter Ledore Merchant [ J his wife Thomas Weston Stockingseller Alice Williams Widdow lodging att Widdow Tomlyns Augustine Cornell Agent for the Portinggall Embassador in the parish of James Dukes place John Tilman Shoemaker in the same parish John Leads Painter of the parish of Katherine Creechurch John Parsons Musition}lodging att . the house of the said John Winefred his wife Leads in the same parish Nicholas Lamote Harnessemaker}lodgeing att James Feacks house Lucy his wife in Duke Humphryes in the parish of Andrew Wardrobe Nicholas Gorey Taylor}in Duke Humphryes in the parish aforeJane his wife said .of. Francis Mazott >11Merchant} t of the pansh MIchaell Cornehill Theo d ore W yen -.' l' 1~ servan

*

* A space is left here in MS . for Christian n ame. , Wycn here .

Cf. Wycr in preceding list for April, 1658 (p . 134) '


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1658/9

151

Lewes Perene Merchant }IOdging att t~e Signe ' of the Starre in his wife Thams streete in the parish of Michaell Crookedlane Nicholas Farreroe Merchant}Lodging att the Tanners in the parish Francis Tully his servant of Alhallowes on the Wall Jasper Bennett Merchant Lodging att William Walls house in Tunn ally in the parish aforesaid Thomas Macklin Merchant lodging att William Kings there Mary Aylsworth the wife of Peter Aylsworth in the same parish Barnadoe Maddeson Marchant lodging att Mr Cottons in the same parish } Merchant, [sic] Lodgers att Mrs Elizabeth Phillipp Carcovell Mr [ ] Debreadus Clarkes Widdow in the same parish John Bulke Merchant Lodging att John Colsons a Vict' in Queenes head ally in the same parish Thomas Roach Merchant lodging att Widdow Randalls in the same parish Charles Berenger French merchant} his wife in the same parish Francis Barnadoe Mary Katherines Lodging att the house of Elizabeth Staton in Tower streete in the parish of Dunstan in the East William Tasburghe}servants to Francis Pardeny in the same Basill Moore parish . Lawrence Debustee} . . Pefer Delaman French merchants ill the pansh of Hellens Doctor Lenthall Doctor of Physicke}of the parish of Buttolph . Mary the wife of Francis Owen wthout Aldersgate Nicholas Bishopp Taylor lodging att Mr Lemins house att the signe of the Feathers a Cooke in the same parish James Beasely perrywigmaker}in Legg Ally neere Fleetebridge in Elizabeth his wife the parish of Brides Thomas Smythson lodging att Mr John Folsetts~ house Barber Chirurgion in Newstreete neere Sholane in the same parish Gabriell Tressee Merchant in the parish of Ethelborow And afterwards to witt att the said next Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the Citty of London that is to say att the open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty of London att the Guildhall of and in the same Citty on Friday the Seaventh day of January in the yeare of or Lord One Thowsand Sixe hundred Fifty and Eight It before Sr John Ireton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin Sr Thomas Foote S1' John Dethicke Knights & Thomas Aleyn Esqr AI~ermen of the said Citty and others their Fellowes Justices assIgned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses and other

[ ]*

*

[ ]*

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. ,. ? or Fossetts.

:t

I.e., 1658/9.


152

PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

r658/9

misdemeanors wthin the same Citty Committed That same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace was adiorned by thaforesaid Justices thereuntill Wednesday the Twelveth day of the said Moneth of January in the yeare aforesaid att Seaven of the Cl9cke in thaforenoone of the same day to be holden att Justicehall in the Old Bailey in the parish of Sepulchers in the ward of Farringdon without London aforesaid before thaforesaid Justices and others their Fellowes further to doe as the Courte should consider etc. Att which same open Generall Quarter Sessions of the publike peace holden for the said Citty by the Adiornament aforesaid att J usticehall aforesaid in the said parish of Sepulchers and in the Ward last aforesaid on the said Wednesday the said Twelveth day of January in the yeare aforesaid before thaforesaid Sr John Ireton Knight Maior of the Citty of London Sr Thomas Atkin S1' Thomas Foote S1' Thomas Vyner S1' John Dethicke S1' Richard Chiverton Knights Aldermen of the said Citty S1' Lislebone Long Knight Recorder of the same Citty and Thomas Aleyne Esqr Aldermen of the Citty aforesaid & others their Fellowes Justices assigned to keepe the publike peace in the Citty aforesaid and alsoe to heare and Determine divers Felonies Trespasses & other misdemeanors within the same Citty Committed The said persons soe presented Summoned and proclaimed as aforesaid to witt thaforenamed John Lilley Robert Cromlington John Walgrave .... [the names of all the persons in the list above are here repeated, in the same order] or any of them did not now here make appearance uppon Record Nor in this open Quarter Sessions did take and subscribe the oath in the said Act mencioned therefore the default of them & every of them is now here Recorded & they & every of them are Adiudged Popish Recusants convict to all intents & purposes whatsoever according to the forme of the Act of Parliament aforesaid All which wee the Justices before named doe hereby humbly certify unto his Highnes Courte of Exchequer from J usticehall aforesaid the Twentyeth day of January in the yeare aforesaid IX

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 18 MAY, r659.*

(r)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Joseph Clerke to prosecute Theodore Connell.] London ss. Md' that the tenth day of May r659 Came personally before mee S1' John Ireton Knt Lord Mayor of the Citty of London & one of the Justices etc. Joseph Clerke of St Giles in the feilds gen' & then & there acknowledged himselfe to owe to his Highnesse the Lord Protector etc. XXl1' of lawfull etc. to bee levyed etc. That hee shall appeare at next sessions of Gaole delivery & prosecute agst Theodore Connell etc. [signed] John Ireton: Maior accused to bee a Romeish Preist Appeared

*

The files for the two preceding Sessions of 23 February and 13 April are extant, but contain no matter formally relating to Catholics. Each has its N ewgate calendar intact.


PROTECTORATE

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

r659

153

[Newgate calendar, entitled The G9-ole Deliverie of Newgate holden for ye Citty of London att Justice Hall in ye Old Baylie on Wensday ye r8 th of May 1659 "; inter alia] Reprived in ,Theodore Connell Com: to ye Sd Gaole by verGaole u;thout Baile~ tue of ye Ld Maior his warrt till next Gaole for being a Romish Preist: Delivery Dat: roth May r659'

(2)

H

*

l

X

FILE FOR QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 27 JUNE, 1659.::

[Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Fenwicke to take the Oath of Abjuration.] London ss. Upon the 21th Day of Aprill r659: before Sr Thomas Atkin & Sr Thomas Andrewes Kn ts two of ye Aldermen & Justices of the peace for the said Cittye came Henery Fenwicke of London gent' & acknowledged himselfe to owe unto his Highnes the Lord Protector the sume of one hundred pounds of lawfull mony of England upon Condicion That ye Sd Hennery shall personally appeare at ye next quarter sessions to be holden for ye Sd Cittye to take the Oath of abiuracion, & not Departe etc. Then etc. otherwise etc. [signed] Tho: Atkin Tho: Andrewes made de/aU

CHARLES II. 29 May, 1660--6 February, 1684/5. SESSIONS FILES, BOOKS AND PAPERS.

So far the only records at our disposal concerning the proceedings at Guildhall and Old Bailey Sessions have been the Files. From the time of Charles II, however, three other sources are also available, viz., Sessions Books, beginning August 1662 (complete after 1666); Books of "Estreats of Fines, Amerciaments and Recognizances forfeited and assessed," complete from 1659; and a very incomplete

*

The dorse of the calendar has a note to the effect that the G.D. Sessions began on " Thursday the xix th of May 1659." This is probably an error. " Wednesday, 18 May," is confirmed by the Gaol Delivery Register: ct. Middlesex County Records, iii, 296. , If Subsequent files and calendars contain no further mention of Theodore Connell. It would appear, therefore, that before 29 June following, he either died or was discharged. The records of the G.D. Sessions of 29 June are included in this file, t o which is attached also the Newgate calendar of that G.D. date. Two other files of the Protectorate period remain (each with a Newgate calendar attached), but neither contains any explicit references to Catholics. They are for the Sessions beginning 17 August and 5 October, 1659. The files for t he last two Sessions of this period, i.e., of 13 January and ~ 2 February, 1659/ 60, have disappeared .

=


154

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILES, BOOKS AND PAPERS

collection of miscellaneous Sessions Papers. A description of each of these series will be found in the Introduction. Since the "Estreats of Fines" Books merely summarise the information which may be ascertained with greater fulness from the Files and Sessions Books, they have been passed over in the compilation of the present book, except for purposes of reference. Nevertheless, it is to be observed that, being the only complete series of Sessional records covering all the years of this reign, they afford practically conclusive evidence on two important points, namely: (a) that in London under Charles II, until the outbreak of the Oates Plot persecution (1678), married women were exempted from paying the fines for recusancy, even though convicted for this offence (see Introd., p. lii); (b) that in London from the beginning of this reign (June 1660) until December 1673, there were no judicial proceedings against Catholics in the matter of recusancy. Concerning this latter point the argument from the silence of the " Estreats of Fines" Books is confirmed in a similar way by the existing Files and Sessions Books. Seventy-two of the original hundred and five files are extant for these thirteen years, but none of them contains any matter relating to prosecutions for recusancy. The Sessions Books cover an even greater number of the Sessions held in this period, but again no references to the subject are to be found therein. While it is thus fairly certain that in London, until December 1673, the laws against recusancy were not enforced, nevertheless there is evidence of considerable activity, between January 1661/2 and December 1664, in the prosecution of those who refused to take the Oath of Allegiance, contained in the statute " For the better discovering and repressing of Popish Recusants" (3 James I, c. 4). Curiously enough, it is probable that all the persons so proceeded against at this time were actually Quakers-a then newly-formed body-who, of course, refused to take oaths of any kind. Several of these persons were certainly Quakers, being either so named in the documents themselves or traceable in -the archives of the Society of Friends; and since the majority of them are bracketed together on the Newgate Calendars which give the record of their imprisonment, the probability is that all were such. Some Catholics may, however, be included among them, and it is for this reason that I give below a brief summary of the facts gathered from the Sessions Files. The names of the ascertained Quakers are asterisked: the query indicates doubtful, but probable, identity with a Quaker of the same name. FOR REFUSING THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE, JANUARY, 1661/2-DECEMBER, 1664. Nathaniel Kennick committed to ¡ Newgate 14 January 1661/2. Died there 17 April 1662 (inquest taken 18 April). " John Crooke, late of London, Gent. }COnvicted at Old Bailey â&#x20AC;˘ John Bolton, "" Goldsmith 26 June 1662 and com,. Isaac Grey, " " " Gent. mitted to Newgate. (?)Robert .CoblJett, committed to Newgate 8 June 1662, " till he take the oath." *John Woolridge, committed to Newgate I I June 1662, " till he take the oath."


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILES, BOOKS AND PAPERS

155

.. Richard Greeneway .. Samuel Fisher Henry Greene '* Samuel Goodaker .. John Grimshawe Richard Pilgrim (?) John Howell William Hart Robert Ewen (?)Richard Smith alias Swift committed to Newgate (between Humphrey Hawthorne Edward Agas 14 May and 26 June 1662) " till they take the oath." Levi Cooke Samuel Bradley John Hamersley Samuel N ettleford Thomas Orchard Note.-None of these persons William Johnson (?)Edward Andrewes (Crooke to Bailey inclusive) ap(?)Edward Southen alias Southwood pears on the Newgate calendar (?)William Kerby for July 1663 (intervening calenCuthbert Herle dars are missing). All were thereCharles Bailey fore released before that date. Richard Russell, bailed on 26 June 1663 to appear at the Sessions of 15 July following, but made default. Samuel Chidley, committed to Newgate between 12 October and 7 December 1664; liberated at Sessions .of latter date.

I

FILE FOR SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 10 DECEMBER, 25 CHARLES II (1673).*

[Indictment of George Bowman and eleven other persons Jor recusancy.] ~ London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' pre(I)

. reckoned * should be remarked that in these documents the reign of Charles II as beginning on January 30th, 1648/9, the date of his father's It

1S

execution. The twelve y ears of the Commonwealth and Protectorate are thus counted as part of his reign. The present file has a N ewgate calendar attached. An inquisition-post-mortem, dated 6 December, 1673, recording the natural death of one George Turner in Newgate, is also filed . The document gives neither the cause of imprisonment nor the actual date¡ of death. Attention may be called, in passing, to an indictment which occurs on the file for the Sessions beginning 10 October, 1666, against" Robert Hubert, late of London, labourer," for starting the Great Fire of London on 2 September ?f ~hat year. He was convicted and sentenced to be hanged. The document 1~ mteresting in view of the rumours circulated then and particularly at the hme of Oates's plot to the effect that Catholics were responsible for that terrible event. ~ The re-enforcement of the penal laws against recusants was occasioned by pu,?lic consternation at the marriage of James, Duke of York, to . the Catholl? Mary of Modena on September 30th of this year, and at James's d etermmati on, when his bride arrived in England (November 21st), to live oI,>en,ly as. a Catholic at St. james's palace rather than in the country. Cf. -Lmgard (18~3 ed.), ix, 239. . . . .


156

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

*

9 ·3 . Placit' Misnome1' 25 .4. Eat sine die etc. sentant quod Georgius Bowman de Paroch' sancti Sepulchri in Ward' 9 . 3 . Placit' M isnode Farringdon extra London pred' Corkecutter Katherina Bowman mer 25 . 4 . Eat inde sine die etc. de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster alias dicta Katherina Bowman uxor pred' Georgii Bowman Maria Burgesse de paroch' et ward' pred' vid' J ana Mason de paroch' et ward' pred' vid' Benedictus Prosser de paroch' et ward' pred' Aurifaber Willelmus Presson de paroch' et ward' pred' Aurifaber Thomas Barton de paroch' et ward' pred' Barbitonsor Samuel Burch de paroch' et ward' pred' Lampblower Johannes Edwards de paroch' et ward' pred' [ ] 14 Anna Edwards de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster alias dicta Anna Edwards uxor pred' J ohannis Edwards Thomas Dancer de paroch' et ward' pred' Victualler et Thomas Kerle:t de paroch' et ward' pred' in medicin' doctor quinto die Septembr' Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Ang!' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. vicesimo quinto fuer' et quilibet eor' fuit Etat' Sexdecim Annor' et amplius et adtunc et adhuc Inhabitan' et comoran' ang ce Inhabiteing and dwelling infra hoc Regnu' Angl' videlicet apud paroch' et ward' pred' et non accesser' nec eor' aliquis accessit ang ce did not repaire ad Ecclesia' sua' parochial' sancti Sepulchri pred' nee ad aliqua' aI' Ecclesia' Capell' sive usual' locu' Communis precacionis et divini Servitii et ibidem remanser' et remansit tempore communis precacionis et divini Servitii sed voluntarie et obstinate absque aliqua causa racionabil' abstinuer' et quilibet eor' abstinuit ab eisdem ang ce hath and have forborne the same a pred' quinto die Septembris Anno vicesimo quinto supradicto usque diem Capcionis huius Inquisicionis videlicet per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' integror' et ultra Contra forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. § Proclamat' fuer' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc.U [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(2) [Indictment of Ignatius Decocke for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Ignatius Decocke de

*

Ang.: "On 9 January [1673/4] he pleads misnomer; on 25 February [the plea is allowed, therefore] let him go without a day etc." CJ. document (44) in text, p. 174. , A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation of John Edwards. Herle in Recusant Roll of 1674 (P.R.O.: E377/69). § This variant formula of the indictment for recusancy was employed in London throughout the present reign. U .'lng. : "They were proclaimed according to the form of the statute etc. On 9 January [1673/4J they made default, therefore etc."; i.e., as a result of their failure to appear at the next Sessions (January, 167314) they were all-except George Bowman and his wife--convicted of recusancy according to their indictment. Cf. documents (IS) and (34) in text (pp. 164 and 172), which describe this procedure. Cf. also Introd ., p. xlii.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

157

paroch' sancti Martini Outwich in ward'. de Broadstreete London pred' Mercator quinto die Septembr' Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' .... vicesimo quinto fuit Etai' Sexdecim Annor' .... et non accessit .... et ibidem reman sit .... absque aliqua causa racionabil' abstinuit .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [rest of formula as (1) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9.3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (3) [Indictment of Robert Moody for recusancy.] London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod Robertus Moody de paroch' sancti Christoferi in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' Perriwiggemaker quinto die Septembr' Anno .... vicesimo quinto per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . Def' fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (4)

[In6ictment of Jasper Cloett and Peter Vandermiller for recusancy. ] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Jasperus Cloett de paroch' sancti Benedicti Fincke in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' Lapidarius et Petrus Vandermiller de paroch' et ward' pred' Lymner quinto die Septembr' Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... fuer' et uterque eor' fuit Etat' Sexdecim annor' .... non accesser' nec eor' uterque accessit .... abstinuer' et uterque eor' abstinuit .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [rest of formula as (1) above] Proclamat' fuer' JUlxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (5)

[Indictment of Charles Beranger and five other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Carolus Beranger de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis in ward' de Broadstreete London Broaker 9 . 3: po se 25. 4 . 1673 . non pros' per Attorn' General' Cess' Daniel Arthur de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Anthonius Depreproces'* mont de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Franciscus Vanbrooke de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Jacobus Vespreete de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator et Petrus Busler de paroch' et ward' pred' Lymnr quinto die Septembr' Anno .... vicesimo quinto ••.. per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (1) above] P1'oclamat'luer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 ·3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

A1~g.: "On 9 January [1673/4J he puts himself [' not guilty' upon a jury of his countryJ; on 25 February, 1673 [i .e., 1673/4J, a nott pS10sequitur [is entered] by the Attorney General; the process ceases." C/. following document in text.


158

(6)

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r673

[Record of stay of proceedings against Daniel Arthur.]

London ss. Alias scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall in Ie Old Bailey London in paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' die Mercurii scilicet Decimo die Decembris Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. vicesimo quinto Cora' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London Edwardo Turner Milit' et Baronett' Capitali Barone Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Christofero Turner Milit' un' Baronu' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Ricardo RainsfordMilit' un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad placita cora' ipso Rege tenend' assign' \Villclmo Wilde Milit' et Baronett' al' J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad placita cora' ipso Rege tenend' assign' Timotheo Littleton Milit' aI' Baronu' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Roberto Attkins Milit' Balnei ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco Thoma Aleyn Milit' et Baronett' J ohanne Lawrence Milit' Thoma Bludworth Milit' \Villclmo Peake Millt' Samuel Starling Milit' Ricardo Ford Milit' Georgio Waterman Milit' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' J ohanne Howell Milit' servien' ad legem ac Recordatore eiusdem Civitat' Roberto Vyner Milit' et Baronett' J osepho Sheldon Milit' Dionisio Gawden Milit' Thoma Davis Milit' Francisco Chaplin Milit' et Dannett Forth Armigero Aldermannis dicte Civitat' et Georgio Gefferyes Armigero J ustie' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de Prison' in ea existen' deliberand' assign' per sacramentum Willelmi Streete Ricardi Chase Nathaniel Holton Samuel Marsh Mauritii King Ricardi Davis Willelmi Rowseby J ohannis Taylor J ohannis Hutton Thome Symonds Samuel Gosson Israel Felgate Roberti Browne Abrahami Taylor Thome Harrison Beniamini Gurnell et J ohannis Merrey probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' adtunc' et ibidem iurat' et onerat' existen' ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et corpore Civitat' pred' extitit presentat' quod Daniel Arthur de paroch sancti Petri Pauperis .... [the indictment for recusancy against Daniel Arthur alone is here repeated: formula and dates as (2) above; all notes omitted] Ad quam quidem Deliberacion' dicte Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate proclamacio facta fuit Et per eandem proclamacionem adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit quod Corpus pred' Daniel' Arthur reddit' sit ang Ce should be rendred Vie' Civitat' London pred' ante tunc prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' in et pro Civitat' London p~ed' tenend' iuxta forma' Statut' pred' et modo scilicet ad pred' prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate tent' in et pro Civitat' London apud J usticehall pred' in dicta paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' pred' die Veneris scilicet N ono die J anuarii Anno vieesimo quinto supradicto cora' prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London Edwardo Turner Milit' et Baronett' Capitali Barone Scaccarii clicti Domini Regis Ricardo Rainsford Milit' un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad placita cora' ipso Rege tenend' assign' Timotheo Littleton Milit' al' Baronu' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Roberto Attkins Milit' Balnei ac un'


CHARLES -II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

I673

159

Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco Francis,co North IvIilit' Attornat' Domini Regis General' Thoma Aleyn Milit' et Baronett' J ohanne Lawrence Milit' Willelmo Peake Milit' Willelmo Turner Milit' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' Johanne Howell Milit' servien' ad legem ac Recordatore eiusdem Civitat' ac al' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini l~egis ad Gaola' sua de N ewgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' ven' pred' Daniel Arthur in propr' persona sua sub Custod' Henr' Tulse Milit' et Roberti Geffery Mil' Vicecom' Civitat' London pred' in Quor' custod' Idem Daniel Arthur preantea ex causa pred' seipsum reddidisset Et habit' audit' Indictament' pred' dicit quod ipse non est inde Culpabilis et de hoc pon' se super patriam et Franciscus North Miles Attornat' dicti Domini Regis nunc General' qui pro eodem Domino Rege modo in hac parte sequitr similiter etc. Ideo ven' inde Jurata cora' prefat' Justic' ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' ad Recogn' etc. Et qui etc. Quia tam etc. Idem dies dat' est tam prefat' Francisco North Milit' qui sequiF etc. quam prefat' Daniel' Arthur etc. Et super hoc de gra' Cur' special' Idem Daniel Arthur Traditr in Ball' Beniamino Hinton de paroch' sancti Edmundi Regis London Aurifabr' et Thome Langham de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London Gener' usque prox' Deliberacion' dicte Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' ad prosequend' travers' sua' cu' effectu Sub pena prefat' Daniel' Arthur Centum librar' Et utriusque pleg' suor' predictor' Quinquagint' librar' quas etc. si etc. Ad quam quidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London pred' apud Justicehall pred' in dicta paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' pred' die Mercurii scilicet vicesimo quinto die Februarii Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc vicesimo sexto Cora' 'ÂĽillelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat'London .... [also Littleton, Attkins, ÂŤ Richardo Chiverton Millt'," Aleyn, Bludworth, Peake, Ford, Waterman, tt Roberto Hanson Milit'," and Howell: their additions repeated as above] ac aI' sociis suis J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea exist en' Deliberand' assign' ven' prefat' Daniel Arthur iuxta Recognicion' per ipsum et pleg' suos in hac parte Jlt prefert r Recogn' in propr' persona sua Ac protulit et deliberavit hic in Cur' quodda' warrant' prefat' Francisci North Milit' qui sequitl' etc. Quod quidem warrant' sequitr in hiis Anglicanis verbis sequen' videlicet Whereas Mr Daniel Arthur Merchant stands indicted att J usticehall in the Old Bailey London for Recusancyc These are therefore according to an order of his Mat~'e in Councell beareing date the Thirteenth day of February instant' To Authorize and require yoU forthwth to enter or cause to be entred a Nolle Prosequi uppon the said Indictmt and all proceedings Thereuppon And for soe doeing this shalbe yor warrt Given under my hand the Fower & Twentyeth day of February I673:* Fra: North To Mr Wagstaffe Townec1erke for the Citty of London Ideo Cess' process' etc.

* i.e., 1673/4.


160

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

(7)

[Indictment of Martin Dyning and five other _persons for recusancy.] London SSe J ur' .... presentant' quod Martin Dyning de paroch' sancti Bartholomei Excamb' in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' Mercator Josephus Dullivier de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Lodovicus Dulivier de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Carolus Debarbo de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Michael Peters de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator [ ] Bosse de paroch' et ward' pred' Lymner Quinto die Septembr' Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(8)

[Indictment of Jonas Cudworth and three other persons for recusancy.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Jonas Cudworth de paroch' sancti Bartholomei Excamb' in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' Barber Thomas Webb de paroch' et ward' pred' Factor Jacobus Dufoe de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman et Philippus Coppie de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (1) above] - Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Stat'ut' etc. 9.3 . Def' fec' Ideo etc. _[Endorsed] Billa Vera (9) [Indictment of Edward Cocker for recusancy.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Edwardus Cocker de paroch' sancti Vedasti alias Fosters in ward' de Farringdon infra London Writing master Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc." [Endorsed] Billa Vera (10) [Indictment of Robert Almye for recusancy.] 9 ¡3 . po se 9¡ 2 . 1674 JurLondon SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Robertus Almye de paroch' ata Cul' forisfecit LXii' iuxta forma' Statut' etc.:t Ecclesie Christi in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' Stationer quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

* The A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. additional note 9 . 3 . is missing from this in-

~ De]' fec' Ideo etc. dictment. The omission is certainly an oversight, for the Sessions Book proves that Cocker, like the majority of the other persons indicted for recusancy at the December Sessions, 1673, failed to appear at the Sessions of the following month. :t Ang.: "On January 9 th [1673/4J he puts himself [' not guilty' on a. jury of his countryJ. On December 9 th , 1674, a Jury [assemblesJ; he is found guilty [andJ forfeited 1,60 according to the form of the Sta.tute etc." Cf. document (17) in text, p. 165, and note.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r673

161

(II)

[Indictment of Thomas Hall and two other persons for recusancy. ] 9 . 3 . po se 9 . 2 . r674 London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod Thomas Hall de paroch' Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXll' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. sancte Fidei in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' Coquus Elizabetha Hall de paroch' et ward' [pred'J Spinster alias dicta Elizabetha Hall uxor pred' Thome Hall et Thomas White de paroch' et ward' pred' Costermonger quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut etc. 9.3 . Def. fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(12)

[Indictment of Mary Matthewes and nine other persons for recusancy.] 9 . 3 . po se 9 . 2 • 1674 London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Maria Matthewes de paroch' Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXll' iuxta etc. sancti Dunstani in Occiden' in warda de Farringdon extra London vid' Ricardus Tempest de paroch' et ward' pred' Generos' 9 . 2 Ind' 25 • 4 AUoe' breve de Cere' Retornabile XV a Pasche et Johannes Mawson de paroch' et ward' pred' Aurifaber Certificatr etc. 14 9. 3 po se 10 . 6 . 1674 placit' mort':I; Johannes Grant de paroch' et ward' pred' Generos' Gideon Harvey de paroch' et ward' pred' in Medicin' Doctor J ana Harlington de paroch' et ward' [ ] § Nicholaus Smyth de paroch' 9 ·3 . po se 9 . 2 . 1674 Jurata Cul' foriset ward' pred' Barbitonsor Petrus Duffe de paroch' et ward' pred' fecit LXIi' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. Victualler Johannes Coffin de paroch' et ward' pred' [ ] II et 9·3· po se 9.2.r674 Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXIi' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. Willelmus Brand de paroch' et ward' pred' Silversmyth quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (1) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 .3 . De/, fee' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (13) [Record of the plea of Death for John Grant.] London ss. Alias scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis

* The word

pred' is omitted in MS. Ang.: "On December 9 th [1673J he is indicted: on February 25 th [ 16 73/4J a writ of certiorari is allowed, returnable within fifteen days after Easter, and [the indictmentJ is certified [into King's BenchJ etc." ; Ang.: "On January 9 th [1673/4J he puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of hIS cou~try]; [at the Sessions beginning] April loth, 1674, death is pleaded." Cf. followmg document in text. § A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status of Jane Harlington. II A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation of John Coffin. ,

14

I{


162

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r673

de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall in Ie Old Bailey London in paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' die Mercurii scilicet vicesimo quinto die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Ang1' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. vieesimo sexto Cora' Willelmo Hooker MiIit' Maiore Civitat' London . . . . [also Littleton, Attkins, Chiverton, Aleyn, Bludworth, Peake, Ford, 'Vaterman, Hanson, Howell, Sheldon, Gawden, Jacobo Edwards Milit'," and Chaplin; their additions repeated as in document (6) aboveJ ac al' sociis suis J ustie' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' quidam Johannes Graunt de paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occiden' London Haberdasher tradit' fuit in Ball' Daniel' Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London Mercator' et Thome Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquo usque prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' ad prosequend' travers' sua' cu' effectu super quodda' Indietament' versus ipsum J ohannem Graunt nuper exhibit' pro quibusda' transgr' et Contempt' Contra forma' Statut' pro uniformitate communis precacionis et divini servitii in Ecclesia et pro Administracione sacror' N ecnon ad retinend' subdit' dicti domini Regis in eor' debit' obedienc' edit' unde Idem Johannes Graunt tunc nuper preantea Indictat' fuit Et adhuc Inc1ictat' existit Sub pena prefat' J ohannis Graunt Centum librar' et sub pena utriusque plegior' suor' Quinquagin' librar' quasquidem summas Centmn librar' et quinquagint' librar' Idem J ohartnes Graunt Daniel Arthur et Thomas Hall adtunc et ibidem separatim Recogn' seipsos et quemlibet eor' per se separatim et respective debere dicto Domino Regi de Bonis et Catall' Terris et Tenement' eorundem Johannis Graunt Daniel' Arthur et Thome Hall et cuiuslibet eor' per yja' Recognicion' separatim levand' ad usum dicti Domini Regis si pred' Johannes Graunt deficeret in Condicion' pred' Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London pred' die Veneris scilicet Decimo die Aprilis Anno vicesim'o sexto supradicto Cora' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London Matheo Hale Milit' Capitali Justic' dieti Domini Regis ad Placita cora' ipso Rege tenend' assign' J ohanne Vaughan Milit' Capitali J ustic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco .... [also Christopher Turner, Attkins, tlWillelmo Ellis Milit' al' Justic' dieti Domini Regis de Banco," North, Aleyn, Lawrence, Peake, Ford, vVaterman, Hanson, Howell, Vyner, Sheldon, Davis and Forth; their additions repeated as above and as in preceding document (6)J ac aI' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' prefat' Johannes Graunt licet solempniter exact' non venit sed pre fat , Daniel Arthur et Thomas Hall in propr' personis suis tl

*

*

The clerk has omitted to state in this Record that the G.D. Sessions of 10 April were adjourned until April 29th, and that Grant and the other recusants were not required to appear untit that adjournment. Cj. Sessions Book for 10 April, 1674. infra, p. 186, and note. Grant died on April 22nd-". a week before he should have appeared (infra, in the present document).


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

163

ven'* et dicunt quod !idem Daniel Arthur, et Thomas Hall prefat' J ohannem Graunt ad comparend' modo hic habere non possunt quia dicunt quod ante istam eandem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' modo hic tent' pro Civitat' London scilicet vicesimo seeundo die Aprilis Anno vieesimo sexto supradicto prefat' Johannes Graunt apud diet am paroeh' sancti Dunstani in Occident' mortuus fuit et obiit Et ibidem in dicta paroeh' sancti Dunstani in Oeciden' pred' sepultus fuit Et hoc parat' sunt verifieare prout Cur' etc. unde petunt J udiciu' Et quod Iidem Daniel Arthur et Thomas Hall de premiss' per Cur' hic dimittantr etc. Quodque bon' et Cat all' Terr' et Tenementa tam prefat' J ohannis Graunt quam ipsor' Daniel' Arthur et Thome Hall de Reeognicion' pred' erga prefat' Dominum Regem exonerentr Et Willelmus Wagstaffe Armiger Communis Clericus Civitat' London qui pro predieto Domino Rege modo in hac parte sequit r pro eo quod tam per Relacionem et testimoniu' multor' fide dignor' de paroeh' sancti Dunstani in Oeciden' pred' quam per sacramentum J ohannis Farewell super sacrosanct a dei Evangel' in hac parte modo hie in Cur' iurat' suffieienter hic in Cur' testat' est quod pred' Johannes Graunt mortuus est et obiit apud dietam paroch' sancti Dunstani in Oeeiden' pred' dicto vieesimo seeundo die Aprilis Anno vieesimo sexto supradicto prout pred' Daniel Arthur et Thomas Hall superius plaeitand' allegaver' hoc Idem Willelmus Wagstaffe non dedieit sed placitum ill' ex parte dieti Domini Regis eogn' fore verum Ideo cons' est per Cur' hie quod tam bon' et Cat all' terr' et tenementa pred' J ohannis Graunt quam prefat' Daniel' Arthur et Thome Hall pleg' prefat' Johannis Graunt de Reeogn' pred' erga dictum Dominum Regem penitus exonerentr Quodque prefat' Daniel Arthur et Thomas Hall inde per Cur' hic dimittantr et uterque eor' dimittatr etc. Et eant et uterque eor' eat inde sine die etc. (14) [Indictment of Margaret Smyth and five other persons for reeusancy.] 9 . 3 . po se 25 . 4 . AUocatl' London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod Margareta Smyth de paroch' breve de Cere' Retornabile XV a Pasehe Et Certifieatr etc. pro ea tant' s~eti Martini Ludgate in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' VI.d' Willelmus Roper de parocll' et ward' pred' Generos' Egidius FltzJames de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ] ~ Egidius Vyner de paroeh' et ward' pred' Generos' Jacobus Pemberton de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ]:t et Andreas Crambleton de paroeh' et ward' pred' Generos' Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (1) above] Proelamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, feeer' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

* I .e., at the Sessions of

29 April.

If A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation of

Giles FitzJames. A space is left here in 11S. for word indicating status or occupation of James Pemberton.

=


164

CHARLES tI

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

*

(15) [Record of the default and conviction of William Roper.] London ss. Alias scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate .... [as document (6) above, down to "ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et corpore Civitat' pred' extitit presentat' "] quod 'Villelmus Roper de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' Generos' quinto die Septembris .... [the indictment for recusancy against Roper alone is here repeated: formula and dates as (2) above; all notes omitted] Ad quamquidem Deliberacion' dicte Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate proclamacio facta fuit Et per eandem proclamacionem adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit quod Corpus pred' Willelmi Roper reddit sit .... Et modo scilicet ad pred' prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' .... Nono die Januarii Anno vicesimo quinto supradicto .... [as in document (6) above, including names of Justices and dates, down to " de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' "] pred' Willelmus Roper non reddidit corpus suu' Vic' Civitat' London pred' N ec fecit comparenc' sua' de Recordo sed defalt' fecit Et defalt' ipsius Willelmi Roper per Cur' hic adtunc et ibidem Recordat' fuit per quod idem Willelmus Roper de premiss' sic ut prefert r indictat' exist en' legittimo modo Convict' fuit et ad huc Convict' existit secundum forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' etc.

(1.6)

[Indictment of John Sadler and John Pitts for recusancy.] 9 . 3 . po se 9 . 2 . 1674 JurLondon ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Sadler de paroch' ata Cul' for'isfeeit LXIi' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. sancti Johannis Baptiste in ward' de Walbrooke London pred' Mer9 ¡3 . po se 25 .4 . non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die etc. ~ cator et Johannes Pitts de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Quinto die Septembris Anno .... Vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxtaforma' Statut' etc. 9.3. De/, feeer' Ideo etc. = [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

English translation of this Record in Appendix B, p. 386. The document is important inasmuch as it describes the operation of the recusancy laws in the case of those-the vast majority of recusants-who, throughout the penal times, disregarded the summons to appear at the Sessions. See Introd., p. xlii. What is herein recorded concerning the proceedings against William Roper (and in the similar document (34) concerning Richard Staley and his wife) is applicable in its entirety to all the other recusants indicted at the Sessions of December, 1673, to whom the annotation 9.3 . Dei' f ec' Ideo etc. refers. Why the cases of Roper and the Staleys should have been si.ngled out for special Records I am unable to say. ~ Ang.: "On January 9 tll [1673/4J he puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]; on February 25 th [1673/4, he is found] not guilty . Therefore let him go [acquitted] without a day etc." The words 9.3 . Dei' fecer' Ideo etc. are clearly an error due to the carelessness of the clerk. That both Sadler and Pitts actually did appear on January 9th is stated in the interlinear notes over their names in this indictment.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

165

*

(17) [Record of proceedings against John Sadler.] London ss. Alias scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate .... [as document (6) above, down t.o "ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et corpore Civitat' pred' existit presentat' "] quod Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste in ward' de Walbrooke London pred' Mercator .... [the indictment for recusancy against Sadler alone is here repeated: formula and dates as (2) above; all notes omitted] Propter quod ad pred' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate publica proclamacio facta fuit super Indictament' pred' secundum forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' Quod pred' Johannes Sadler redderet Corpus suu' Vicecom' Civitat' London pred' ante tunc prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' et in pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' Ad respond' dicto Domino Regi de transgr' et Contempt' in Indictament' pred' superius specificat' aut aliter Convict' foret iuxta Forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis" Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis tent' in et pro Civitat' London scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall pred' in dicta paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' pred' die Veneris scilicet nono die J anuarii Anno vicesimo quinto supradicto cora' prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London ... . [also Edward Turner, Rainsford, Aleyn, Lawrence, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding documents on this file] ac aI' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de Prison' in ea exist en' deliberand' assign' ven' predictus Johannes Sadler sub custod' Henr' Tulse milit' et Roberti Geffery milit' vic' Civitat' London pred' in cuius:r: custodia ex causa predict a preantea se reddidisset ad Barra' hic duct' in propr' persona sua Et habit' audit' Indictament' pred' Dicit quod Ipse non est inde Culpabilis Et de hoc ponit se super Patriam Et Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' Communis Clericus Civitat' London qui pro predicto pomino Rege modo in hac parte sequitr similiter etc. Ideo ven' mde Jurata Coram Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' ad Recogn' etc. Et qui etc. Quia tam etc. Et idem dies Dat' est tam prefat' vVillelmo Wagstaffe Ar' qui sequit r etc. quam Johanni Sadler etc. Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate

*

An analysis of this Record is given in Appendix B, p. 387. Its importance lies in the fact that it describes the treatment, not only of John Sadler (merchant), but also of Thomas Bentley, Maria Mathewes, William Brand, Peter Duffe, Gerard Bourne, Thomas Hall, and Robert Almye, who all similarly obeyed the summons and pleaded" not guilty" at the Sessions of J~nuary, 1673/4, and also of John Sadler (druggist) who appeared at the SesslOns of the following February . .14 Ad respond' .â&#x20AC;˘.. edit' et provis'. This phrase is omitted in the precedmg documents (6) and (15). Ang.: " to answer to the said Lord the King f<;>r t~e trespass and contempt above specified in the indictment, or otherwise ~u'J 1f he make default] be convicted according to the form of the Statute m a case of this kind made and provided ." := cuius in MS. for quorum.


166

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' .... [as above] die Mercurii scilicet Vicesimo quinto die Februarii Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Vicesimo sexto Coram prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also ¡L ittleton, Aleyn, Bludworth, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding documents on this file] ac al' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de Prison'in ea existen' deliberand' assign' ven' tam prefat' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' qui sequitr etc. quam pred' Johannes Sadler in propr' persona sua Et vic' non mis' inde breve* Ideo ut prius ven' inde Jurata Coram Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de Prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' Ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' Et qui etc. Ad Recogn' etc. Quia tam etc. Idem dies Dat' est tam prefat' Willelmo Wagstaffe Ar' qui sequitr etc. quam J ohanni Sadler etc. Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' .... [as above] tent' pro Civitat' London .... die Veneris scilicet Decimo die Aprilis Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram prefat' \iVillelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Hale, Aleyn, Lawrence, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding documents on this file] ac al' sociis suis . . . . [as above] ven' tam prefat' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' .... tent' pro Civitat' London .... die Mercurii scilicet vicesimo nono die Aprilis Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto coram Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Vaughan, Rainsford, Aleyn, " Johanne Fredericke milit'," Lawrence and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding" Records "] ac al' sociis suis .... [as above] ven' tam pred' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' .... tent' pro Civitat' London .... die Mercurii scilicet Tertio die Junii Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Edward Turner, Aleyn, Lawrence and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding " Records "J ac aI' sociis suis .... ven' tam pred' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... [as above] quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' ....

*

Et vic' non mis' inde breve. I understand this to mean" and the writ was not issued to the Sheriffs" and to refer to the writ venire facias to summon a jury. The writ in question was not sent out by Wagstaffe, the Town Clerk, until October 14th, 1674, when the Sheriffs were thereby required to have the jurors attend to try this case at the ensuing Old Bailey Sessions of 9 December-an injunction which was duly executed as we may see by the record of the trial in the Sessions Book under that date (p. 195 in text). The original writs of venire for Sadler's case and for the cases of Bentley, Mathewes, etc.-against whom, as is stated in a foregoing note, exactly similar proceedings were taken-are preserved on a separate :file (cf. lntrod., p. xxxii, note) together with the jury panels. The same jurors tried all nine cases: their names are given in the present Record, infra. The reason for the many postponements of these trials is nowhere indicated.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

I673

167

tent' pro Civitai' London .... die Veneris scilicet Decimo septimo die Julii Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram pre fat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London ... . [also Edward Turner, Aleyn, Waterman, Hanson and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding Records "J ac at' sociis suis Justic' .... [as above] ven' tam pred' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion Gaol' .... tent' pro Civitat' London .... die Mercurii scilicet Nono die Septembris Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Edward Turner, Chiverton, Bludworth, William Turner, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding {( Records "J ac at' sociis suis Justic' .... [as above] ven' tam pred' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion Gaol' .... tent' pro Civitat' London .... die mercurii scilicet Quarto decimo die Octobris Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Vaughan, Edward Turner, Aleyn, Fredericke, Lawrence, William Turner and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding "Records "J ac aI' sociis suis .... [as above] ven' tam pred' ''Villelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler .... Et vic' non mis' inde breve Ideo ut prius .... Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion Gaol' .... tent' pro Civitat' London .... die mercurii scilicet Nono die Decembris Anno vicesimo sexto supradicto Coram Roberto Vyner Milit' et Baronett' Maior' Civitat' London .... [also Rainsford, Littleton, Windham, Atkins, Aleyn, Fredericke, Bludworth, Peake, Ford, Waterman and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding {( Records "J ac al' sociis suis Justic' .... [as aboveJ ven' tam pred' Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' .... quam pred' Johannes Sadler in propria persona sua Et Jur' Jurate pred' per Nathaniel Herne Milit' et Johannem Lethulier milii' Vic' Civitat' London pred' ad hoc impannellat' scilicet Gabriel Wettenhall Daniel Major Benjaminus Combes Petrus White Willelmus Foster Radulfus Stables Franciscus Plumer Johannes Bennett Fabian Browne Johannes Hancock Egidius Steele et Henricus Fleming exact' vener' qui ad veritai' de premiss' dicend' electi triat' et Jurat' Dicunt super sacramentum suu' quod pred' Johannes Sadler est culpabilis transgr' et Contempt' pred' contra forma' Statut' pred' in Indictament' pred' specificat' ei Superius imposit' modo et forma prout per Indictament' pred' superius versus eu' supponitr Ideo Cons' est per Cur' hic quod pred' Johannes Sadler forisfaciat dicto Domino Regi pro transgr' et Contempt' pred' Contra Forma' Statui' pred' videlicet pro pred' Tribus mensibus integrls in quibus ipse non Accessit ad Ecclesiam sua' parochial' nec ad aliqua' aI' Ecclesiam Capella' sive usual' locu' Communis Precacionis et Divini Servitii Nec ibidem remansit tempore Communis Precacionis et Divini Servitii in Indictament' pred' specificat' sed abstinuit ab eisdem ang Ce did forbeare the same unde Ipse in forma pred' Convict' exist it Sexaginta libras legalis II


168

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

monet' Angl' iuxta forma' Statut' pred' Ac quod pred' Johannes Sadler Capiat ur etc.* (18)

[Indictment of John Blake and seven other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod Johannes Blake de paroch' sancti Swithini in ward' de Walbrooke London Mercator [ ] 'fC Naycoe de paroch' et ward' pred' [ ] = Bartholomeus Morlye de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Lorenzo Madano de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Lorenzo Nige de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman et Alexander [ ] § de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman [ ] ULacchini de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator et Andreas Grove de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (I) above] Proclamat' fuer' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . Defalt' feeer' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (19) [Indictment of William Vissier and Joseph Cottone for recusancy. ] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Willelmus Vissier de paroch' sancti Stephani in ward' de Walbrooke London Mercator et Josephus Cottone de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fee' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (20) [Indictment of Frances Bates for recusancy.] London 5S. Jur' .... presentant quod Francisca Bates de paroch' sancte Marie Somersett in ward' de Queenhith London pred' Spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (21) [Indictment of Edward Sing for recusancy.] London ss.· J ur' .... presentant quod Edwardus Sing de paroch' sancti Nicholai Olaves in ward' de Queenhith London pred' Victualler Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . Def' fee' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

Capiatur [pro jine]=" that he be taken for [i.e, imprisoned till he pay] the fine." When an offender, upon trial, incurred a statutory fine, the court always awarded a capias. However, there is no evidence that Sadler was committed to Newgate. Presumably he was imprisoned elsewhere in London. , A space is left here in MS. for Christian name. A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation. § A space is left here in MS. for surname. U A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r673

169

[Indictment of George Gould and ,five other persons for reeusaney. ] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Georgius Gould* de paroeh' sancte Anne Blaekfryers in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' [ ]' Katherina March de paroeh' et ward' pred' Peter Defryznoy de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ]' Willelmus Trebute de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ] , J usdina Trebute uxor pred' Willelmi Trebute Katherina Trebute de paroeh' et ward' pred' spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [fonnula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (22)

[Indictment of John Boutondon and two other persons for reeusaney. ] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Boutondon de paroeh' sancte Anne Blaekfryers in ward' de Farringdon infra London [ ]' Maria Boutondon uxor pred' J ohannis Boutondon et Cloude:t Boutondon de paroeh' et ward' pred' Spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc . . [Endorsed] Billa Vera (23)

(24) [Indictment of Ambrose Bonner for reeusaney.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Ambrosius Bonner de paroeh' sancti Martini Outwieh in ward' de Bishopsgate London quinto die Septembris Anno .... vieesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proelamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (25)

[Indictment of William Grigson and seven other persons for reeusaney. ] London SSe J ur' .... present ant quod Willelmus Grigson de paroeh' sancti Bottolphi extra Bishopsgate in ward' de Bishopsgate 9 . 3 po se 9 . 2 r674 J urata Cul' forisfeeit London pred' Cordweynor Thomas Bentley de paroeh' et ward' pred' LXII' Juxta forma' Statu,t' etc. 9.3 po se 9.2. r674 Jurata Cul' Bookeseller Gerrardus Bourne de paroeh' et forisfeeit LXll' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. ward' pred' yeoman Maria Porter de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ]§ 9 . 3· po se 9. 2 . r674 Lyon de paroeh' et ward' pred' [ ] R Samuel John Wright de

*

Gold in Recusant Roll for 1674 (P.R.o.: E377/69). , A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation. It The Recusant Roll for 1674 (P.R.O.) has Claude. § A space is left here in MS. for Mary Porter's status and Lyon's Christian name. . H A space is left here in MS. for word indicating Lyon's status or occupatlon.


170

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

Jurata per Defalt' Cul' forisfecit LXll' Juxta forma' Statut' etc.* paroch' et ward' pred' Notarius publicus Franciscus Mols de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator et Johannes Mois de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Stat~tt' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (26)

[Indictment of John Littleboy and Thomas Grunwin for recusancy. ] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Littleboy de paroch' Omniu' Sanctor' Lumbardstreete in ward' de Bishopsgate London pred' Sadler et Thomas Grunwin de paroch' et ward' pred' Scrivenor quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fi-ter' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera.

(27)

[Indictment of Katherine Bird and ten other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Katherina Bird de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Algate in ward' de Portsoaken London pred' Spinster Phillippus Cooke de paroch' et ward' pred' Glover Martha Cooke de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster alias dicta Martha Cooke uxor pred' Philippi Cooke Franciscus Malin de paroch' et ward' 9 . 3 . po se non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine pred' Tobaccoepipemaker Anna Smyth ~ de paroch' et ward' pred' die etc. vid' Elias Massey de paroch' et ward' pred' Glassmaker Maria Goodwin de paroch' et ward' pred' vid' Augustinus Rackett de paroch' et ward' pred' Glassmaker Willelmus Hill de paroch' et ward' pred' Glassmaker Thomas Burchley de paroch' et ward' pred' Victualler et Josephus Reeves de paroch' et ward' pred' Chirurgus Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (r) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fee' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(28) [Indictment of [ ? ] Shordate for recusancy.] London ss. J ur' .... present ant quod [ ] :t Shordate de

*

Ang.: "On January 9 th [1673/4J he puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]; on December 9 th , 1674, a jury [is calledJ; [he js found] guilty through default [andJ forfeited £60 according to the form of the Statute etc." Wright originally formed one of the group composed of John Sadler, Thomas Bentley, etc., who obeyed the summons to appear at the Sessions of January, 1673/4. He continued to attend with them at each successive Sessions until April, 1674, after which he defaulted (cf. Sessions Book in text, p. 189). He thus forfeited his recognizances (£100), in addition to £60 for recusancy. , The words A.nna Smyth are underlined in MS. ~ A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

171

paroeh' sancti Edmundi Regis in w.a rd' de Langborne London Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Pro clam at' fuit Juxta forma' Statuf etc. 9.3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

[ ]* (29)

[Indictment of Arnold Sertillion and Peter Derreward for reeusaney. ] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Arnoldus Sertillion de paroeh' Omniu' Sanctor' Steyning in ward' de Langborne London Mercator et Petrus Derreward de paroeh' et ward' pred' yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' I uxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (30) [Indictment of John Faggom for reeusaney.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Faggom de paroeh' sancti Gabriel Fenehureh in ward' de Langborne London yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(31) [Indictment of George Wood and Paul Denn for reeusaney.] London SSe J ur' .... present ant quod Georgius Wood de paroeh' sancti Dionisii Baekehureh in ward' de Langborne London yeoman et Paulus Denn de paroeh' et ward' pred' yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vieesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(3 2 )

[Indictment of Walter Cheveres and Daniel Hinde for reeusaney.] London SSe Jur' .... presentant quod Walterus Cheveres de paroeh' sancti Nieholai Aeons in ward' de Langborne London yeoma' et Daniel Hinde de paroeh' et ward' pred' London yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vieesimo quinto .... per spaeiu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (33)

[Indictment of Richard Staley and two other persons for reeusaney. ] London SSe J ur' .... presentant quod Rieardus Staley de paroeh' sancte Marie Woolnoth in ward' de Langborne London Goldsmith et Betteressa Staley uxor pred' Rieardi Staley et Thomas Browne de par9ch' et ward' pred' yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno ....

* A space is left h ere in MS. for word indicating status or occupation.


172

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

vicesimo" quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (I) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Stat'lJ.t' etc. 9 . 3 . Defalt' fecer' Ideo

etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera [Record of proceedings against Richard and (? Elizabeth) Staley.] London ss. Alias scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall in Ie Old Bailey London in paroch' sancti Sepu1chri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' die Mercurii scilicet Decimo die Decembris ... . [as in document (6) above, down to " extitit present at' quod "] Ricardus Staley de paroch' sancte Marie Woolnoth in ward' de Langborne London Goldsmyth et Better~ssa Staley uxor pred' Ricardi Staley quinto die Septembris .... [the indictment for recusancy against these two persons alone is here given; formula and dates as (4) above; all notes omitted] Super quo ad pred' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate proclamacio facta fuit Et per eandem Proclamacionem adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit quod corpora predictor' Ricardi Staley et Betteresse Staley uxoris eius reddii' sint ang ce should bee rendred Vic' Civitat' London pred' ante tunc prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' in et pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' aut aliter Convict' forent iuxta forma' Statui' pred' Et modo scilicet ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' in et pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall pred' in dicta paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' pred' die Veneris scilicet nono die Januarii Anno vicesimo quinto supradicto cora' prefat' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Edward Turner, Rainsford, Littleton, Attkins, North, Aleyn, Lawrence, Peake, William Turner and Howell; their additions repeated as in document (6) above] ac aI' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' pred' Ricardus Staley et Betteressa Staley non reddider' nec uterque eor reddidit Corpus suu' Vic' Civitat' London pred' Nec fecer' Nec uterque eor' fecit Comparenc' sua' de Recordo sed DefaIt' fecer' et uterque eor' Defalt' fecit Et Defalt' ipsor' Ricardi Staley et Betteresse Staley per Cur' adtunc et ibidem Recordat' fuit Propter quod Iidem Ricardus Staley et Betteressa Staley de premiss' sic ut prefert ur Indictat' existen' legittimo modo Convict' iuer' et adhuc Convict' existunt et uterque eor' Convict' fuit et adhuc Convict' existit secundum forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' etc. (34)

*

(35)

[Indictment of Bridget Guiat and three other persons for recusancy. ] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Bridgitta Guiat de paroch' sancti Olavi Hartstreete in ward' de Aldgate London vid' Susanna Guiat de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster Honora Guiat de paroch'

* C/. document

(IS) in text, p. 164, and note.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1673

173

et ward' pred' spinster et Johannes Guiat de paroch' et ward' pred' [ ] Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (I) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statui' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc . . [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(36)

[Indictment of Christopher Terne and three other persons for recusancy.] mortHus est London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Christoferus Terne de paroch' sancti Andree Undershaft in ward' de Aldgate London in Medicinis Doctor Anna Billingsly de paroch' et ward' pred' vid' Sara Maior de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster et Elizabetha Plomer de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' ...â&#x20AC;˘ [formula as (I) above] Proclamai' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (37) [Indictment of James and Judith Fountaine for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Jacobus Fountaine de paroch' sancte Katherine Coleman in ward' de Aldgate London in medicinis Doctor et Juditha Fountaine de paroell' et ward' pred' spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (3 8) [Indictment. of John and Ann Lead for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Johannes Lead de paroell' 8ancte Katherine Creechurch alias Christchurch in ward' Aldgate London pred' Painter et Anna Lead de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster alias dicta Anna Lead uxor pred' Johannis Lead Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (39) [Indictment of Henry West for recusancy.] London 55. Jur' .... present ant quod Henr' West de paroch' sancti Michaelis iuxta Crookedlane in ward' Pontis London yeoman Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Stat~tt' etc. 9 .3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (40 ) [Indictment of Peter and Mary Grossecutt for recusancy.] London . ss. J ur' .... presentant quod Petrus Grossecutt de paroch' sancti Benedicti Gracechurch in ward' Pontis London pred' Danceingmaster et Maria Grossecutt de paroch' et ward' pred'

* A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation.


174

SESSIONS FILE

CHARLES II

DECEMBER

1673

spinster alias dicta Maria Grossecutt uxor pred' Petri Grossecutt Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula (as 4) above] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 .3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (41) [Indictment of William Smyth for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Willehnus Smyth de paroch' sancti Antholini in ward' de Cordweynor London pred' Junctor Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (42) [Indictment of Elizabeth Davis for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod Elizabetha Davis de paroch' sancti Thome Appostoli in ward' de Cordweynor London pred' Spinster alias dicta Elizabetha Davis uxor Ricardi Davis de eisdem Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' .... [formula as (2) above] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc., 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc~ [Endorsed] Billa Vera

(43) [Indictment of William Eaton and his wife for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Willelmus Eaton de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste in ward' de Cordweynor London pred' ] Eaton de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster Shoemaker et [ alias dicta [ ] Eaton uxor pred' Willelmi Eaton Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' ..... [formula as (4) above] Proclamat' fucr' J~txta forma' Statut' etc. 9 . 3 . De/, fec' Ideo etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

*

(44)

[Record of proceedings on plea of misnomer by George and Burman.]' London ss. Alias scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall in Ie Old Bailey London in paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de ¡F arringdon extra London pred' die Mercurii scilicet Decimo die Decembris . . .. [as in document (6), down to extitit presentat' quod"] Georgius Bowman de paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' Corkecutter et Katherina Bowman de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster alias dicta Katherina Bowman uxor pred' Georgii Bowman quinto die Septembris .... [the indictment for recusancy against these two persons alone is here given; formula and dates as (4); all notes omitted] Ad quamquidem Deliberacion dicte Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate proc1amacio facta fuit Et per eandem Proc1amacionem adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit Ka~herine

lC

*, AC{.space is left here in MS. for Christian name. indictment in text, p. 155. (I)


SESSIONS FILE

CHARLES II

DECEMBER

1673

175

quod corpora predictor' Georgii Bowman et Katherine uxoris eius reddit' sint ang Ce should be rendred Vie' Civitat' London pred' ante tunc prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' in et pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' aut aliter Convict' forent iuxta forma' Statut' pred' Et modo scilicet ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' in et pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall pred' in dicta paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' pred' die Veneris scilicet nono die Januarii Anno vicesimo quinto supradicto cora' prefat' Willelmo Hooker Millt' Maiore Civitat' London ... . [also Edward Turner, Rainsford, Littleton, Attkins, North, Aleyn, Lawrence, Peake, William Turner and Howell; their additions repeated as in document (6)J ac al' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domnii Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' vener' quida' Georgius Burman de paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' Corkecutter et Katherina Burman uxor pred' Georgii Burman in propr' personis suis sub custod' Henr' Tulse Milit' et Roberti Jeffery Millt' Vieecom' Civitat' London pred' in cuius custodia ex causa predicta preantea iidem Georgius et Katherina se reddidissent quiquidem Georgius et Katherina per nomina Georgii Bowman de paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farril1gdon extra London pred' Corkecutter et Katherine uxoris pred' Georgii Bowman modo hie impetuntUl' et indictantur et habit' audit' Indictament' pred' eis lect' prefat' Georgius instanter modo hic dicit quod ipse idem Georgius racione Indictament' pred' impeti seu onerari non debet quia dicit quod ipse idem Georgius habet et tempore Capcionis Indictament' pred' et semper antea et continuo postea a tempore Nativitatis sue habit' cognit' reputat' et nuncupat' fuit per nomen et Cognomen Georgii Burman Quodque idem Georgius non habet vel unqua' habuit nomen Georgii Bowman nec per nomen Georgii Bowman unqua' habit' reput' cognit' vel nuncupat' fuit prout per Indictament' pred' superius falso supponitur Et hoc parat' est verificare Et inde petit J~~ciu' Et quod ipse idem Georgius de premiss' per Cur' hic d~m~ttatur Et eat inde sine die etc. Et prefat' Katherine modo hic mstanter dicit quod ipsa eadem Katherina racione Indictament' pred' impeti seu onerari non debet quia dicit quod ipsa Katherina tempore Capcoiis Indictament' pred' et diu antea et semper postea huc~sque fuit et adhuc uxor legittima prefat' Georgii Burman et con~muo post maritagiu' inter prefat' Georgiu' et ipsam Katherina' habIt' ~ognit' reputat' et nuncupat' fuit per nomen et cognomen Katherme Burman uxoris dicti Georgii Burman Quodque ipsa eadem Katherina non habet vel unqua' habuit nomen Katherine Bo~an nec per nomen Katherine Bowman unqua' habit' reput' cogrut' vel nuncupat' fuit prout per Indictament' pred' superius falso supponitur Et hoc parat' est verificare Et inde petit J udiciu' Et quod ipsa eadem Katherina de premiss' per Cur' hic dimittatr Et ~at in de sine die etc. Et quia prefat' J ustic' et Cur' hic se a~vI~are voluit de et super premiss' priusqua' ]udiciu' inde reddant dIes mde dat' est prefat' Georgio Burman et Katherine uxori eius

*

* cuius in MS. for quorum.


176

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

r673

in Statu quo nunc etc. hic usque ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' pro Civitat' pred' tenend' de Judicio suo inde audiend' etc. Eo .quod prefat' Justic' et Cur' hie inde nondum etc. Et super hoc de gra' Cur' special' prefat' Georgius Burman et Katherina Burman uxor eius traduntur in Ball' Clement' Linby de paroch' sancti Sepulchri London Barber et Thome Throughton de paroch' pred' Cutler usque ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' pro Civitat' London tenend' sub pena prefat' Georgii Burman Quadragint' librar' et utriusque pleg' pred' viginti librar' quas etc. si etc. Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall .... [as above] die Mercurii scilicet vieesimo quinto die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Anglie .... vieesimo sexto cora' Willelmo Hooker Milit' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Littleton, Attkins, Chiverton, Aleyn, Bludworth, Peake, Ford, Waterman, Hanson, and Howell; their additions repeated as in preceding Records" on this file] ac al' sociis suis J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de N ewgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' yen' prefat' Georgius Burman et Katherina Burman uxor eius iuxta Recognicionem per ipsum Georgiu' et pleg' ipsius Georgii et prefat' Katherine in hac parte ut prefertur Recogn' in propr' personis suis Et Willelmus Wagstaffe Ar' Communis Clerieus Civitat' London qui pro predicto Domino Rege modo in hac parte sequitr vis' lect' et plene intellectis dictis placitis prefat' Georgii Burman et Katherine uxoris eius hic superius in forma pred' placitat' Ac ecia' Indictament' pred' hic superius in forma pred' recitat' Necnon Record' admissionis ipsius Georgii Burman in Libertat' Civitat' London secundum Cons' eiusdem Civitat' Intrat' Recordat' et sub Communi Sigillo eiusdem Civitat' Sigillat' Ac pro eo quod per relacionem et testimoniu' diversor' Ligeor' dicti Domini Regis fide dignor' quam per al' probabil' evidenc' modo hic in Cur' dat' satis constat et testificat' est in Cur' quod prefat' Georgius Burman et Katherina uxor eius qui modo hie comparent Et qui per Indictament' pred' superius hic recitat' Indictat' existunt sunt une et eedem persone Et non al' neque divers' et quod prefat' Katherina est uxor pred' Georgii Burman Et quod ipse idem Georgius Burman habet et tempore eapcionis Indictament' pred' et semper antea et continuo postea a tempore Nativitatis sue habit' cognit' reputat' fuit per nomen et cognomen Georgii Burman Quodque ipse idem Georgius non habet vel unqua' habuit nomen Georgii Bowman nee per nomen Georgii Bowman unqua' habit' reputat' cognit' vel nuncupat' fuit prout Iidem Georgius Burman [et Katherina] uxor eius pro exoneracion' suis premissor' superius modo hie plaeitand' aligaver' hoc idem Willelmus Wagstaffe non dedicit sed placitu' pred' in omnibus fateV et cognoscit esse vern' Super quo vis' et per Cur' hic plene intellectis omnibus et singulis premiss is Cons' est per Cur' quod prefat' Georgius Burman et Katherina uxor eius eant inde sine die et Uterque eor' eat inde sine die etc. It

*

* The words et Katherina are omitted in MS.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1673/4

II

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 JANUARY, 25 CHARLES II (1673/4).*

A.

SESSIONS FILE.

171

(I)

[Indictment of Michael Sheires and ten other persons for recusancy. ] London SSe J ur' .. . . present ant quod Michael Sheires de paroch' sancti Egidii extra Cripplegate in ward' de Cripplegate London pred' yeoman Johannes Colter de paroch' et ward' pred' yeom' Ricardus Horton de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Johannes Dunn de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Willelmus Marston de paroch' et ward' pred' Aurifaber Franciscus Temple de paroch' et ward' pred' Aurifaber Maria Elliot de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster Paulus VandeneuorifC de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Julianus Ladore de paroch' et ward' pred' Callenderer Georgius Jones de paroch' et ward' pred' Faber Ferrar' et Jana Bowdrey de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno regni Domini nostri CaroH secundi Ang!' .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' integror' et ultra .... [formula as (I), p. ISS] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc.

[Endorsed] Billa Vera (2) [Indictment of Henry Bengars and five other persons for recusancy. ] London SSe Jur' .... presentant quod Henr' Bengars de paroch' sancte Marie Abchurch in ward' de Candlewicke London Scissor 25 . 4 . Allocatur breve de Cerc' Retornabile XV a Pasche Et Certificatur Franciscus Teressy de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Dominico

pro eo tanto =

Lupee ยง de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Franciscus Turke de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Andreas Lawrance de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman et Willelmus Woolger de paroch' et ward' pred' Salesman Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto . . .. per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (I), p. 155) Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statue' etc.

[Endorsed] Billa Vera (3)

[Indictment of Francis Mole and Jeremiah Hawgins for recusancy. ] London SSe Jur' .... presentant quod Fransciscus Mole de paroch' sancti Michaelis iuxta Crooked lane in ward' de Candlewicke London Mercator et Jeremia Hawgins de paroch' et ward' pred' Mercator Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (4), p. IS7] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc.

[Endorsed] Billa Vera

* Current Newgate calendar attached.

, ? or Va1tdenenor. On February 25 th [ 1673/4J a writ of certiorari is allowed, ; A ng. : returnable within fifteen days after Easter. And [the indictment] is certified [into King's Bench); for hlm alone." ยง The Recusant Roll for this year (P.R.O.: E377/69) has Lttpce. II

L


178

CHARLES

n

SESStONS F1LE

JANUARY

1673/4

(4)

[Indictment of Margaret Harris and fourteen other persons for reeusaney.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Margareta Harris de paroeh' sancti Andree Holborn in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' vid' Chariti Davis de paroeh' et ward' pred' vid' Johanna Davb de paroeh' et ward' pred' vid' Ricardus Jones de paroeh' et ward' pred' Generos' Maria Vaughan de paroeh' et ward' pred' vid' Johannes Butler de paroeh' et ward' pred' Generos' [ ]* Butler uxor pred' Johannis Butler Rieardus Shawe de paroeh' et ward' pred' Sadler [ ] Shawe uxor pred' Rieardi Shawe Willelmus Jarrett de paroeh' et ward' pred' waterman Michael Napp de paroeh' et ward' pred' Bricklayer Maria Napp uxor pred' Michael' Napp Anthonius Gutthrow de paroeh' et ward' pred' Scissor [ ] Mollins uxor Willelmi Mollins de paroeh' ct ward' pred' Chirurg' Anna Nurse uxor Walteri Nurse de paroeh' et ward' pred' in medicin' Doctor' Quinto die Septembris Anno ..... vieesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (I), p. 155] Proclamat' fuer' juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

*

(5)

[Indictment of John Rice and two other persons for reeusaney.] 25 .4 . [po se scored] 9· London SSe Jur' .... presentant quod Johannes Rice de paroeh' 2 .1674 jurata per defalt' Cul' forisfeeit LXXXli' Juxta forma' sancti Olavi in veteri Judaismo in ward' de Colemanstreete London Statut' etc.' Mercator Johannes Gargill de paroeh' ct ward' [pred'] = Upholster et Edwardus Adams de paroeh' et ward' pred' yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vieesimo quinto .... pcr spaeiu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (I), p. IS5J Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statui' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (6) [Indictment of Mark Bueeline for reeusancy.] London SSe Jur' .... present ant quod Marcus Bueeline de paroch' sancte Margarete Lothbury in ward' de Colemanstreete London Generos' Quinto die Septembris Anno .... ·vieesimo quinto per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (2), p. IS6J Proclamat' fuit juxta forma' Statui' etc. [EndorsedJ Billa Vera

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.

~ Ang.: "On February 25 th [1673/4; 'po se' scored in MS.]. On .December 9 th , 1674, a jury [is called]; [he is found] guilty through ddault [and) forfeited £80 according to the form of the Statute etc." . The erasure of "po se" (" he puts himself") is an error: c/. SeSSIOns Book, p. 195 in text. :: The word pre-d' is omitted in 11S.


CltARtE.S 11

5I£SStoNS FILE

JANUARY

1673/4

179

(7)

[Indictment of John Barrow and ten other persons for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Barrow de paroch' sancti Stephani Colemanstreete in ward' de Colemanstreete London yeoman [Nathan Pagett de paroch' et ward' pred' in Medicin' Doctor scored] Maria Goopy de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster Andreas Goopy de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman Humfridus Adomson de paroch' et ward' pred' Ingraver Anna Northbury de paroch' et ward' pred' vid' Elizabetha Adomson de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster [Johannes Sharpely de paroch' et ward' pred' scissor scored] Priscilla Hardcastle de paroch' et ward' pred' spinster Thomas Goodwin de paroch' et ward' pred' Factor J osephus Hughes de paroch' et ward' pred' Porter Hugo One ale de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman et Maria Shad de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster Quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (I), p. ISS] Proclamat' fuer' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera quo ad Ignoramus quo ad John Barrow Nathan: Paggett Mary Gooby John Sharpely Humphry Addamson Ann Northbury Elizabeth Addamson Priscilla Hardcastle . Thomas Goodwyn Joseph Hughes Hugh Oneal Mary Shadd* (8) [Indictment of Nicholas Gorey for recusancy.] 25 . 4 . Allocatur breve de London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Nicholaus Gorey de paroch' Cerc' Retornabile XVa. Pasche Et Certificatur etc. sancti Stephani Walbrooke in ward' de Cheape London pred' Mercator quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .•.. per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (2), p. 156] Proclamat' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (9) [Indictment of John Sadler for recusancy.] 25 . 4 . po se 9. 2 • 1674 London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Sadler de paroch' Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXXXu' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. s~cte M~rie de Arcubus in ward' de Cheape London pred' Druggster qumto dIe Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (2), p. 156] Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera

* Andrew Goopy's name is omitted {rom this list in l\'IS. bv error.

He

,~a~ convicted with the others, for his name appears with theirs' in the Book

o

streats of Fines, under date February 25th, I673/4 .


180

CHARLES II

SESSIONS

FiLE

(10) [Indictment of Morris Williams for recusancy.J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Morris Williams de paroch' sancti Pancratii Soperlane in ward' de Cheape London pred' Mercator quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (2), p. 156J Proclamat' fuit juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (II) [Indictment of John Lynch for recusancy.J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Johannes Lynch de paroch' sancti Michaelis Bassieshawe in ward' de Bassieshawe London pred' yeoman quinto die Septembris Anno .... vicesimo quinto .... per spaciu' quatuor mensiu' .... [formula as (2), p. I56J Proclamat' fuit Juxta forma' Statut' etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera (12) [Warrant.]* Lett noe Indictm t for Recusancy ag t Sr Lawrence Dibusty being a Merchant stranger resideing here for traffique Frances Dibusty his Lady Katherine de la Rode alias Parrode her Chamber maid Michael Daransitter her footeboy John de Berion alias de Kiriberion' & Anthony Rarispe St' Lawrences servts be preferred to the Grand Jury Till his Maties pleasure concerning them and every of them be further signified to his MatyeB Justices of Gaole Delivery of Newgate and the Generall Quarter Sessions to be holden for the Citty of London And this shalbe yot' warrt Dated att J usticehall in the old Bailey the 19th of January 1673 [signed] Fra: North To the Townclarke of the Citty of London ยง [? Md] This warrt was signed by Mr Attorney Generall in the Courte of Gaole Delivery this 19th January 1673

=

B.

SESSIONS BOOK,II JANUARY 1673/4. SESSIONS

OF

NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 JANUARY, 25 CHARLES II.

[Appeared on summons and bailed in court at this Sessions.] ~ Johannes Mawson de parochia sancti Dunstani in occident' London Aurifaber traditur in ball' Renr' Rothersall de

(1)

*, The Written on paper. first letter of this name (Kiriberion) is doubtful.

:t I.e ., 1673/4; so also in the added memorandum below. ยง This memorandum is in the same hand as the warrant itself. The first word, indecipherable in MS., is probably Md. โ€ข A description of the Sessions Books will be found in the Introduction, p. xlviii. ~ Of all the Recusants proclaimed at the Sessions of December loth, 1673, the following alone obeyed the summons.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JANUARY

I673/4

paroch' sancte Bride London Vintner & Georgio Wapell de Foster lane London Aurifabr' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque pleg' LU' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate London Bookseller traditur in ball' Thome Guy de paroch' sancte Marie Woolnoth London Bookeseller & Stephano Chapell de paroch' sancti Jacobi Dukes place Lond' mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cll' & Llt' ~ Daniel Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri pauperis London mercator traditur in ball' Beniamino Hinton de paroch' sancti Edmundi Regis London Aurifabr' & Thome Langham de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London Generos' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cll' & LU' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste London mercator traditur in ball' J ohanni Ethersey de paroch' sancti Benedicti Sherehogge London Generos' & Rogero Arkingstall de paroch' sancte Marie Bothaw London Skynner usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cl1' & LIt' Margareta Smyth de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London traditur in ball' Thome Nicholas de paroch' sancti Leonardi Eastcheape London Lynnendraper & Simoni Hutchinson de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London Lynnendraper usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' CU' & Ll1' Johannes Graunt de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Haberdasher traditur in ball' Willelmo Fatherne de paroch' pred' London Stacioner & Thome Langhorne de paroch' sancte Bride London Farryer . usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cl1' & LIt' Mana Mathewes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London vid' traditur in ball' Humfrido Home de paroch' pred' Scissor' & Roberto Peacocke de paroch' pred' Lynnendraper usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque pleg' Lll' Gerrardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate London Broker traditur in ball' Marco Proudford de paroch' Omniu' Sanctor' Barking London Mercator' & J ohanni Blake de paroch' sancti Stephani Walbrooke London Mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cll' & LI1'

*

*

A,ng,:. " John Mawson, of the parish of St Dunstan in the W est, London, rOldsmlth,. lS delivered in bail to Henry Hothersall of the parish of St Bride, o~don, Vmtner, and to George Wapell of Foster Lane, London, Goldsmith, un~Il the ,next Gaol Delivery, to prosecute his traverse [see lntrod " p, xlix], un e~ pam of ÂŁroo from the principal party and of ÂŁ5 0 from each of the suretIes,"

.~ ClI' &- .LlI', This is, of course, an abbreviation of the final words sub pen a etc. m the flrst entry.


182

CHARLES II

SESSIONS IWOK

JANUARY

1673/4

vVillelmus Brand de paroeh' sandi Dunstani in oeciden' London Silversmith traditur in ball' Roberto Gerrard de Fosterlane London Ironmonger & Johanni Hill de paroeh' sancti Michaelis W oodstreete London Servien' ad clavam usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cll' & Llt' Petrus Duffe de paroeh' sancti Dunstani in oeciden' London yeom' traditur in ball' Ricardo Bolt de Paternoster rowe London Silkeman & Henr' Worster de eod' loco London Mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' & LlP Georgius Burman Ind' per nomen Georgii Boeman de paroch' sancti Sepulchri London Corkeeutter et Katherina uxor eius tradunt ur in ball' Clement' Linby de paroch' sancti Sepulchri London Barber & Thome Troughton de paroeh' pred' Cutler usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. Et non deeed' etc. sub pena partis principal' 4011' & utriusque pleg' 2011 ' Samuel Wright Indietat' per nomen Samuel' J ohannis Wright de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate London Notarius publicus traditur in ball' Nathaniel' Brookes de Cornehill London Stacioner & Edwardo Ainge de paroeh' sancti Martini Vintrey London Generos' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. Et non deeed' etc. Cll' & LIi" Thomas Hall de paroeh' sancte Fidei London Coquus traditur in ball' Willelmo Musson de paroeh' sancti Gregorii London Barber & Edwardo Ange de paroch' sancti Martini Vintrey London Generos' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pen a Cll' & LIt' Roberlus Almye de paroeh' Eeclesie Christi London Stacioner traditur in ball' Willelmo Cheney de paroeh' pred' Shoemaker & Willelmo Small de paroeh' sancti Antholini London Joyner usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & LIP Johannes Pitts de paroeh' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London Mercator traditur in ball' J ohanni Ethersey de paroeh' sancti Benedieti Sherehogg London Generos' & Rogero Arkingstall de paroeh' sancte Marie Bothaw

*

*

Ang.: "George Burman, indicted under the name of George Boeman, of the parish of St. Sepulchre, London, cork-cutter, and Katherine his wife, are delivered in bail to Clement Linby, of the parish of St. Sepulchre, London, barber, and to Thomas Troughton, of the parish aforesaid, cutler, until the ~ext Gaol Delivery, to answer etc. and not depart etc. under pain of ÂŁ40 from the principal party [sic] and of ÂŁ20 from each of the sureties." ~ We may assume from the similarity between this entry and the p!eceding one concerning George and Katherine Burman that Wright, l1ke them, originally intended to plead misnomer. However, later entries in t~e f:essions Books make it clear that this special plea was subsequently dISallowed and that he then proposed to traverse his indi<;tment on some other point.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JANUARY

1673/4

183

London Skynner usque prox,' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt'

(2)

[Among entries of trials at this Sessions.] 10 . 2 . I nd' et procl' facta secundum forma' Statut' etc. Et reddidit se vicecom' modo po se non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die

etc.

*

Anna Smith pro Recusan'

III

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 25 FEBRUARY, 26 CHARLES II (1673/4).' SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously ~ bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Compantit 6- protulit breve de Cere' ยง Johannes Mawson de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London pros' tr'. Aurifaber

(I)

Comparuit 6- traditur in ball' Jacobo Toding de Marke lan~ mercator' 6- Thome Sanders prope Billingsgate vict' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' Cli' 6- ~ttriusque pleg' Ll1' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate Lonpros' tr' don Bookeseller Compantit et protulit non pros' Attorn' [General' scored] Domini Regis General'~ Daniel Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London Merpros' tr' cator Comparuit 6- prot~tlit breve de Cere' Margareta Smyth de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London vid' pros' tr' Comparuit et traditur in ball' Daniel' Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London Mercator' 6- Thome Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquo ~tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusqu,e pleg' Ll1' Johannes Graunt de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Lond' pros' tr' Haberdasher

*

Ang.: "On December 10 th [1673] she was indicted and proclamation was made according to the form of the Statute etc. And she rendered herself to the Sheriffs. Now [i.e., at the Sessions of January, 1673/4J she puts herself [' not guilty' on a jury of her country]; [she is found] not guilty. Therefore let her go [acquitted] of the charge without a day etc." ~ The file for this Sessions is extant, with Newgate calendar, but contains no documents relating specifically to Catholics or recusants. ~ I.e., at the preceding Sessions. Vide pp. 180 seq. ยง Ang.: "He appeared and produced a writ of certiorari." I I.e.," To prosecute a traverse." Cf. Introd., p. xlix. ~ .An,g.: "He appeared and produced a non proseq14itur from the I.OtQ the Km~ s Attorney Genera,l."


184

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

FEBRUARY

1673/4

Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Humfrido Horne de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London SC1:ssor' et Wither Cheney de paroch' sancti !J1artini Ludgate London Clockmaker ~tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' s~tb pena Cli' 0- utriusque pleg' Ll1 Maria Mathewes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Lonpros' tr' don vid' Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Johanni Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London mercator' 0- J ohanni Graunt de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Haberdasher usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena CU' & utriusque pleg' Ll1' Gerardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' London Broker Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Petro Duffe de paroch' pred'* yeoman 0- Petro Sayfe ~ de par-och' sancti Petri Cheape London Distiller usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tf' sub pena Cl1' & u.triusque pleg' Ll1' Willelmus Brand de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Lond' pros' tr' Silver smyth Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Will elmo Brand de pa1'och' pred' Silversmyth 0- Petro Sayfe'14 de paroch' sancti Petri Cheape London Distiller 1-tsqu,e prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Petrus Duffe de paroch' sancti Dunst ani in occiden' Lond' pros' tr' Yeoman Comparuit & placit' misnomen Ideo eat inde sine die etc.:I: Georgius Burman de paroch' sancti Sepu1chri Corkecutter ans'ยง Comparuit & placit' misnomen Ideo eat inde sine die etc. Katherina uxor eius ans' Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Thome Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquo & Daniel' Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London Mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriu.sque pleg' LIP Samuel Wright de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate ans' . Notarius Comparuit & traditur in ball' Johanni Gra'ltnt de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Haberdasher 0- Daniel' Arthur

* I.e., the parish of St. Dunstan in the "West (Brand's own parish). , ? or Sayse. :I: Ang.: "He appeared and pleaded misnomer. Therefore let him go [discharged] without a day." ยง I .e., "To answer" (to whatever may be objected against him on th e part of the Lord the King) .


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

FEBRUARY

1673/4

185

de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LU' Thomas Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Willelmo Small de paroch' sancti Antholini London Junctor' 0- Willelmo Cheyney de parock' Ecclesz"e Christi London Cordweynor usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LU' Robertus Almye de paroch' Ecc1esie Christi London Stacioner pros' tr'

*

Comparuit 6- Jud' Johannes Pitts de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste London pros' tr' Mercator

(2) [Appeared on summons and bailed in court at this Sessions.]' Nicholaus Goorey de paroch' sancti Stephani Walbrooke London Mercator traditur in ball' Daniel' Arthur de paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis London mercator' et Thome Langhorne de Ie old Bailey London Leatherseller usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusque pleg' Ll1' Johannes Rice de paroch' sancti OIavi in veteri J udaismo London mercator traditur in ball' Petro Kirwell de paroch' sancti Georgii Buttolph lane London mercator' et Philippo Browne de paroch' sancti Dunstani in arlen' London mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' et utriusque pleg' LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus Lond' Druggster traditur in ball' J ohanni Ethersey de paroch' sancti Benedicti Sherehogg London Generos' et J ohanni Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' et utriusque pleg' LU'

(3)

[Among entries of trials at this Sessions.] 10 . 2 . I nd' 0- prod' facta secundum Statut' etc. Et 9 . 3 . rediddit se vicecom' et po se modo Jurata non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die etc.:I: Johannes Pitts pro recusan'

*

A11g.: "He appeared and [hasJ judgment." ~ ~ÂŁ all the recusants proclaimed at the Sessions of 9 Jan., 1673/4. the

followmg persons alone appeared in accordance wjth the summons. ~ Ang.: "[At the Sessions beginning] 10 Dec. [1673J he was indicted and. proclamation was made according to the Statute etc. And [at the SesslO.n s beginningJ 9 Jan. [1673/4] he rendered himself to the Sheriffs and put ~llmself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]. Now [i.e., at the present SeSSIons ~f FebruaryJ a Jury [is summonedJ; [he is found] not guilty . Therefore let hIm go [acquitted] of the charge without a day etc."


186 IV

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

1674

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 10 APRIL, 26 CHARLES II (r674).* SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] 29 . 6 . Compantit G traditur in ball' ~ Thome Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquo 0- Gerrard' Bourne de paroch' sancti BottolPhi Bishoppsgate London Haberdasher usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' 0- utriusque pleg' Ll1' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate Bookeseller pros' tr' 29 . 6 . Comparuit G traditur in ball' Johanni Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus Lond' Druggist 0- Gerrard' Bou,rne de paroch' sancti BottolPhi Bishoppsgate London Haberdasher ~tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' G utriusq'lte pleg' Lll'

Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste Mercator pros' tr' }.([ort' Johannes Grant de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Haberdasher pros' tr' 29 .6 . Comparuit G traditur in ball' Roberto Peacocke de Fleete streete London Lynnendraper G J ohanni Phillipps de Millford lane in parocl~' sancti Clementis Dacor' in Com' Midd' scissor' usq'u,e prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' G 'l-ttriusque pleg' Ll1'

Maria Mathewes de ead' paroch':I: London vid' pros' tr'

*

The file (with Newgate calendar) for this Sessions is extant, but contains no matter relating specifically to Catholics or recusants. ~ Ang.: "On April 29 th [1674J he appeared and was delivered in bail " . ... The G.D. Sessions beginning 10 April were adjourned until April 29th. It is clear from the date here given (and repeated in the similar clerical notes which follow) that the group of recusants referred to did not appear at the Sessions of April loth, but were allowed an extension of bail-on the recognizances already taken at the Sessions of the preceding February-until the adjourned Sessions of April 29th. This postponement of the recusant cases, due, no doubt, to pressure of work and to the close proximity of the latter Sessions, was seemingly decided upon by the Justices at the commencement of the Sessions of April 10th, for it will be noticed that the clerk responsible for keeping the Sessions Book had already entered them as being due for appearance at this earlier Sessions. When they appeared, as required, at the adjourned Sessions, instead of entering all their names afresh under that date, he added the records of their later appearance over the names he had already written-prefixing those records by the date" April 29 th ." :: I.e., the p:uish of St. Dunstan in the West (the parish of John Grant above).


CHARLES II

SES~IONS

BOOK

APRIL

1674

187

29 . 6 . Comparuit & traditur in ball' . s~tbnominat' Petro Duffe 0> H enr' Dorsett de paroch' sancti Dunstani "in Occiden' London Clothdrawer usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0> utriusque pleg' LIt' 'Villelmus Brand de ead' paroeh' London Silver smyth pros' tr'

*

29 . 6 . Comparuit 0> traditur in ball' pre/at' W illelmo Brand 0> H enr' Dorsett usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0> utriusque pleg' LIt' Petrus Duffe de ead' paroeh' London yeoman pros' tr'

*

29.6. Comparuit 0> t,'adit ur in ball' Thome Bentley de paroch' pred' Stationer 0- J ohanni Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste London Mercator' ~tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' S~tb pena Cli' 0> utriusque pleg' LIt' Gerrardus Bourne de paroeh' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' Lond' Broker

29 . 6 . Comparuit 0> traditur in ball' Christo/ero Irons de parock' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Ge1'zeros' & Willelmo Bigg de paroch' sancte J.1!arie Newington in Com' Surr' Haberdasher usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utri~tsque pleg' Ll1' Samuel Wright de ead' paroeh' London N otarius Publicus

ans'~

29 . 6 . Compantit 0> traditur in ball' Thome Bentley de pred' G J ohanni Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London Mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' as pros' tr' sub pena Cli' 0> utriusq~te pleg' LU' Thomas Hall de paroeh' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' parocJ~'

29.6. Comparuit 0> traditur in ball' Thome Hall sancte Fidei London Coquo 0> TtVillelmo Cheney Ecclesie Christi London Cordweyner usq~te prox' ad pros' tr' sub pena CH' 0- utriusque pleg' LIt' Robertus Almye de paroeh' Eeclesie Christi London pros' tr'

de parack' de parodi,' Del' Gaol'

Stacioner

25 .4 . ~ Comparuit Et protulit breve de Cere' Nieholaus Gorey de paroeh'sancti Stephani Walbrooke London pros' tr' Mercator

*

I .e., the parish of St. Dunstan in the West (the parish of John Grant above). . ~ Certainly an error in MS. for pros' tr'. Cf. the minute above his name In the Sessions Book for the preceding February, p. 1 8 ~. ; I.e., February 25th [1673/4] . Gorey had already been bailed at the


188

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

1674

*

De/alt' fee' Johannes Rice de paroch' sancti Olavi in veteri Judaismo London Mercator pros' tr'

29.6 . Comparuit & traditur 'in ball' Johanni Sadler de parock' saneti J ohannis Baptiste London M ereatoy' & J ohanni Ethersey de paroch' sancti Benedยฃcti Sherehogg London Generos' 1tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LIP Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus London Druggster pros' tr'

V

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 3 JUNE, 26 CHARLES II (1674).' SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparm:t et traditur in ball' Gerrard' Bourne de paroch' pred' :: Broker & J ohanni Sadler de parocl~' sancti Johannis Baptiste London mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' s~tb pena partis principal' CU' & utr'i'usque pleg' LU' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Bishoppspros' tr' gate London Bookeseller Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Gerrard' Bourne & Johanni Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus London Grocer usque prox' Del' Gaol' and pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0utriusq~,e pleg' Ll1' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste London Mercator pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in ball' Chamberleyn Planten de paroch' pred' ยง Vintner & J ohanni Phillipps de paroch' sancti Clement' Daeor' in Com' Midd' Scissor' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena CU' & utriusq,ue pleg' LIt' Maria Mathewes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London pros' tr' vid' February Sessions (vide p. 185) . He must, therefore, have appeared again later at the same Sessions and produced this certiorari. Note.-As explained in the Introduction, p. xx, the dates given in these annotations seem to indicate merely the beginning of the Sessions, during the course of which appearance was made. Ang.: "He made default." , The files for the Sessions of April 29th and June 3rd, 1674, are extant (both with Newgate calendars), but neither contains any documents referring to Catholics or recusants as such. I.e., the same parish as that of Thomas Bentley. This will be clear if it is borne in mind that throughout the Sessions Books the minutes concerning proceedings were added later over names already entered by the same clerk. ยง I.e., the parish of St. J)nnstan in the West. See preceding footnote.

*

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JUNE

1674

189

Comparuit 0- traditur in baU' Hen;" Dorsett de Fetter lane London Clothdrawer & Christo/ero Atthow de parock' sancte Marie Savoy in Com' M idd' Goldsmyth usque prox' De~' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena eli' & utriusque pleg' LIt' \Villelmus Brand de ead' paroch' London Silversmyth pros' tr'

*

Respectuatur per Cur' super affidavit Henr' Dorsett de Fetterlane Lond' Clothdrawer quod pred' Petr'us est in regno Hibernie' Petrus Duffe de ead' paroch' = London yeoman pros' tr' . Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' J ohanni Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arc·ttbus London Grocer & Johanni Sadler de paro~h' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London Mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusque pleg' LU' Gerardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' London Broker D§

Samuel Wright de paroch' sancti pros' tr' Notarius Publicus

Bottolphi Bishoppsgate

Comparuit & traditur in ball' subnominat' Roberto Almye & Thome White de paroch' Ecclesie Christi Londo'n Fruiterer usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena CU' & 'tdriusque pleg'LU' Thomas Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in baU' pre/at' Thome Hall 0- Thome White usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0utriusque pleg' Lll' Robertus Almye de paroch' Ecclesie Christi London Stacioner pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in ball' Johanni Sadler de paroeh' sancte Marie de Arcubus London GrocerH 0- Gerard' Bourne de parock' sanct·i Bottolphi Bishoppsgate London Broker usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus London pros' tr' Druggster

* I.e.,

the parish of St. Dunstan in the West.

, Ang.: .. He is respited by the Court on the affidavit of Henry Dorsett

of Fetter Lane, London, Clothdrawer, that the aforesaid Peter is in the Kingdom of Ireland." I.e., the parish of St. Dunstan in the West. § Defaltam [fecit]: .. He made default." R. Probably a clerical error for Johamti Sadler de paroeh' sancti Johannis Bapt~~te London M creator', who was one of his bondsmen on every other occasIOn throughout this year. It seems likely that John Sadler the Grocer and John Sadler the Druggist were the same person.

=


190

cttARtES 1I

VI

SESStONS BOOK

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 17 JULY, 26 CHARLES II (1674).* SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit & traditur in ball' Johanni Sadler de pa,yoch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste Lond' Mercator' & J ohanni Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus London Druggster usqtU~ prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' Cll' G utriusque pleg' LU'

Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Bishoppspros' tr' gate Bookeseller Comparuit G "traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Bentley & J ohan1ti Sadler Druggster ~tsq~te prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- 1ttriusque pleg' LiP

Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London pros' tr' ~ercator Comparuit & traditur in ball' Hum/rido Horne de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London Scissor' & J ohanni PhilliPps de paroch' sancti Clementis Dacor' in Com' Midd' Scissor' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0utriusque pleg' LIl'

Maria pros' tr'

~athewes

de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Lond' vid'

Comparuit & traditur in ball' Petro Duffe de paroch' pred" yeom' & Henrico Dorsett de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Lond' Clothdrawer usque "prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt'

Willelmus Brand de ead' paroch' London Silversmyth pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Willelmo Brand & "H enr' Dorsett usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt'

Petrus Duffe de ead' paroch' London yeoman pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Hall~ & subnominat' Thome Hall usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' & ~ttriusque pleg' Lll'

Gerardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' Broker

*

The file for this Sessions (with Ncwgate calendar) is extant, but contains' no-documents relating specifically to Catholics or recusants. , I.e., the parish of St. Dunstan in the West ("William Brand's parish). Sic in MS.: an obvious error. It is impossible to say who was Bourne's other surety on this occasion.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS nOOK

JULY

r674

191

Comparu'it & traditur in ball' Gerrard' Bourne 0- Johan11,i, Sadler Dntggster pred' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LU' Thomas Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' Comparuit & tnldit ur ,i n ball' Thome Hall de paroeh' sanete Fidei London Coquo & lVillelmo Brand de paroeh' sandi Dunstani in occiden' Lo'ndon Silve1'smyth 1-tsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- u.triusque pleg' LU' Robertus Almye de paroch' Ecclesie Christi London Stacioner pros' tr' C011tpa1'uit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Johanni Sadler mercator' 0- Thome Bentley usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' 0- 'lttriusque pleg' Ll1' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus Lond' pros' tr' Druggster

VII

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 SEPTEMBER, 26 CHARLES II {r674}.* SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit & traditur in ball' subnominat' J ohann'i Sadler M ercator' & Gerrard' Bourne usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena partis principal' CU' 0- utriusque pleg' Lli' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Bishoppspros' tr' gate Bookeseller Comparuit & traditur in ball' subnominat' J ohamti Sadler Druggster 0- pre/at' Thome Bentley usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena CU' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London pros' tr' Mercator Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' pre/at' Roberto Almye & J ohanni Sadler ".AIereator' 14 usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' ir' sub pena Cli' & utri'ltsque pleg' Lll' Maria Mathewes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London pros' tr' vid'

*

The file for this Sessions (with attached Newgate calendar) is extant, but .contains no documents referring explicitly to Catholics or rccusants. A~ mquisition-post-mortem on this file states that one Robert Dutch, a pnsoner in Newgate "pro suspic' felon'," died a. natural death in gaol 3 September, 1674. Inquest heid on day of death. , Sic in MS. for subnominat" Roberto Almye 6> preja.t' Johamti Sadler AIercator' .


192

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

SEPTEMBER

1674

Comparuit & traditur in ball' subnominat' Petro Duffe & Thome Hall usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pen a CU' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Willelmus Brand de ead' paroch' London Silversmyth pros' tr' Compa1'uit & traditur in ball' S'ubnomi1tat' Thome Hall & pre/at' W illelmo Brand 'Ztsque pro.x' Del' Gaol' ad pros' ty' s'ub pena Cli' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Petrus Duffe de ead' paroch' London yeoman pros' tr' Comparttit & traditur in ball' prejat' Thome Bentley & subnominat' ] okanni Sadler Druggist usque prox' Dcl' Gaol' ad pros' tr' s'ltb pena Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' LU' Gerrardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate Broker pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Bentley & subnominal' Roberto Almye usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' 0- utriusque pleg' LIt' Thomas Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' Comparuit G traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Hall & Petro Dulle usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena ClP 0utriusque pleg' Ll1' Robertus Almye de paroch' Ecclesie Christi London Stacioner pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in baU' pre/at' Johanni Sadler Mercator' G Gerrard' Bourne usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancte Marie de Arcubus Lond' Druggster pros' tr'

VIII

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY I BEGINNING 14 OCTOBER, 26 CHARLES II (1674.)

*

SESSIONS BOOK.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit & traditur in ball' Johanni Sadle1' de parocn' sancti Baptiste London M ereator' & Gerard' Bourne de paroch'

*

The file for this Sessions (with Newgate calendar) is extant, but contains no documents specifically relating to Catholics or recusants. There occurs, however, an indictment against" Nicholas Goerai nuper de London Mercator for assaulting one Robert Cragg on July 28th, 1674, in the parish of St. Stephen Walbrook. A recognizance filed among the records of the Sessions of the Peace of December 7th following shows that on October 20th, 1674, before William Hooker, the Lord Mayor, .. Nicholas Goray de Barge II


CItARLES It

SESSIONS BOOK

OCTOBER

r674

193

sandi Bottolphi Bishoppsgate London Broker usque prox' Del" Gaol' ad pros' tr' s~tb pena Cli' & utri·usque pleg' 1)1' Thomas Bentley de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra Bishoppsgate London Bookeseller pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in baU' JohanniSadler de paroch' sancte lW:arie de Arcubus London D1'uggist & Thome Bentley pred' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' & utriusque pleg' 1)1' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohannis Baptiste London pros' tr' ~ercator Co.m paruit & traditur in baU' pre/at' Johanni Sadler Mercator' et Roberto Almye de paroch' Ecclesie Christi London Stac'ioner usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' & utriusque .pleg' LU' Maria Mathewes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London pros' tr' vid' Comparuit & traditur in baU' Thome HaU de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquo & Petro Duffe de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' London yeoman usqueprox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utl"iusque pZeg' LI1' Willelmus Brand de ead' paroch' London Silversmyth pros' tr' Comparuit & traditur in baU' pre/at' Will elmo Brand & Thome Hall usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' s~tb pena CU' & utriusque pleg' LIP Petrus Duffe de ead' paroch' London yeoman pros' tr' Compantit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Bentley & J ohanni Sadleir Druggist usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena C11' & utriusque pleg' LIi' Gerrardus Bourne de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' Lond' Broker Comparu,it & traditur in ball' pre/at' Gerrard' Bottrne 0J ohanni Sadleir mercator' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' s~{,b pena Cli' & utriusque pleg' LU' Thomas Hall de paroch' sancte Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' yard Bucklersbury London Mercator" (in the sum of £40), " Johannes Rainer de Leadenhall streete London Salinar' and Christopherus !les de Leadenhall streete pred' " (in the sum of £20 each) entered into recognizances for Garay's appear~nce at the Sessions of December 7th" For breach of the peace in tssaultmg Robert Cragg." He appeared and was tried at this latter Sessions, ound not guilty and acquitted. Garay was most probably the recusant of t~e s?-me address who occurs frequently in these records. The circumstances o thIS assault are nowhere mentioned in detail. M


194

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOl(

OCTOBER

1674

Comparuit & traditur in ball' pre/at' Thome Hall & Willelmo Brand usqu,e prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cli' & utriusque pleg' Lli' Robertus Almye de paroeh' Eeclesie Christi London Staeioner pros' tr' Compar'ttit & traditur in ball' pre/at' j ohanni Sadleir mercator' & Gerrard' Bourne usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad pros' tr' sub pena Cll' & utr¡iusq'ue pleg' LIl' Johannes Sadleir de paroeh' sande Marie de Areubus Lond' pros' tr' Druggist

IX

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 9 DECEMBER, 26 CHARLES II (1674.)

*

SESSIONS BOOK.

(1)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit & jud'~ Thomas Bentley de paroeh' sandi Bottolphi extra Bishopps~ pros' tr' gate Lond' Bookeseller ComparU'it & jud' Johannes Sadler de paroeh' sandi J ohannis Baptiste Lond' pros' tr' Mercator C omparuit & j ud' Maria Mathewes de paroeh' sandi Dunstani in oeeiden' Lond' vid' pros' tr' Comparuit & jud' Willelmus Brand de ead' paroeh' Lond' Silversmyth pros' tr' Comparuit & j ud' Petrus Duffe de ead' paroeh' London yeoman pros' tr' Compar'/;tit & jud' Gerrardus Bourne de paroeh' sandi Bottolphi Bishoppsgate pros' tr' Lond' Broker Comparuit & jud' Thomas Hall de paroeh' sande Fidei London Coquus pros' tr' Comparuit & jud' Robertus Almye de paroeh' Eeclesie Christi London Stacioner pros' tr' Comparuit & jud' Johannes Sadler de paroeh' sancte Marie de Areubus Lond' pros' tr' Druggster

*

The file for this Sessions (with Newgate calendar) is extant, but cootains no documents specifically relating to Catholics or recusants. , Ang.: "He appeared and [had] judgment."


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

DECEMBER

1674

195

[Among entries of trials at this Sessions.]

(2)

10 . 2 . 1673 . I nd' & proclamac' fact' 9 . 3 . po se modo J urata Cul' forisfecit LXl1' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. Thomas Bentley pro recusan' tres menses

*

10 . 2 . 1673 . Ind' .... [as over Bentley] Johannes Sadler pro recusan' tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . I nd' ... . [as over Bentley] Maria Mathewes pro consimili tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . I nd' ... . [as over Bentley] Wille]mus Brand pro consimili tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . Ind' Et proclamacio fact' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9.3. po se modo Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXIi' Juxta forma' Statut' etc.

Petrus Duffe pro consimili tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . Ind' .... [as over Duffe] Gerrardus Bourne pro consimili tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . Ind' .... [as over Duffe] Thomas Hall pro recusan' tres menses 10 . 2 . 1673 . Ind' .... [as over Duffe] Robertus Almye pro recusan' tres menses 9 . 3 . 1673 . I nd' & proclamacio fact' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 25.4.' po se modo Jurata Cul' forisfecit LXXXll' Juxta forma' Statut' etc.

Johannes Sadler Druggster pro recusan' quatuor menses 9 . 3 . 1673 . I nd' & proclamacio fact' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 25.4. po se modo Jurata per Defalt' Cul' = forisfecit LXXXIi' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. Johannes Rice pro recusan' quatuor menses 10 . 3 ยง . 1673 . I nd' & proclamacio fact' fuit iuxta forma' Statut' etc. 9.3. po se modo Jurata per Defalt' Cul' forisfecit LXl1' Juxta forma' Statut' etc. Samuel John Wright pro consimili tres menses

. .*

Ang.: "[At the Sessions beginning] December roth, r673, he was mdlcted and proclamation was made. [At the Sessions beginning] January th r6 9 [ 73/4] he put himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]. Now, a Jury [being summoned, he was found] guilty [and] forfeited ยฃ60 according to the form of the Statute etc. Thomas Bentley for recusancy during three months."

, I.e., the Sessions beginning February 25th, r673/4. ~ modo I/,wata per Dejalt' Cut' =" Now [i.e., at the present Sessions of

r674] a Jury [being summoned, he was found] h~ecember, IS default." ยง ro . 3 in :MS .

An error for ro . 2 (roth December).

guilty by reason of


196

CHARLES

X

'It

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1674/5

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGtNNING 19 FEBRUARY, 27 CHARLES II (1674/5).* SESSIONS FILE.

(I) [Indictment of Daniel Arthur for recusancy.] London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Daniel Arthur de paroch' Omniu' Sanctor' super mum' in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' Mercator' tertio decimo die Decembris Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Anglie .... vicesimo sexto .... per spaciu' duor' mensiu' integror' et ultra .... [formula as (2), p. 156] Ricardus Awbery Anna Andrewes ~ Proclamacio facta fuit 14 . 6 . ComparU1:t = [Endorsed] Billa Vera Capt' ad Del' Gaol' de Newgate ยง (2) [Record of stay of proceedings against Daniel Arthur.]

London ss. Alias scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate tent' .... [as in document (6), p. 158] die Veneris scilicet decimo nono die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' .... vicesimo septimo Cora' Roberto Vyner milit' et Baronett' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Edward Turner, Rainsford, Atkins, Aleyn, Lawrence, Bludworth and Howell; their additions repeated as in earlier " Records of proceedings" of this reign] ac aI' sociis suis J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaola' sua' de Newgate de prison' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' per sacramentum Pauli Palmer Roberti Browne Abraham Taylor Johannis Silvester Johannis Merrey Willelmi Springall Henrici Caswell Thome Hanson Thome Sheereing Georgii Beake Thome Finch Thome Day Egidii Baggs Anthonii Hartley Willelmi Butler Thome Bayleyet Edwardi Tew probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' adtunc et ibidem iurat' et onerat' existen' ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et corpore Civitat' pred' existit presentat' quod Daniel Arthur de paroch' Omniu' Sanctor super muru' .... [the above indictment for recusancy against Daniel Arthur is here repeated; all notes omitted] Ad quamquidem Deliberacion' dicte Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate proclanlacio facta fuit Et per eandem proclamacion' adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit quod Corpus pred' Daniel' Arthur reddit' sit ang Ce should bee rendred Vic' Civitat' London ante tunc prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' .... [as in document (6), p. 158] Et modo scilicet ad pred' prox' Deliber~: cion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' .... die Mercurn scilicet quarto decimo die Aprilis Anno vicesimo septimo supradicto Coram prefat' Roberto Vyner milit' et Baronett' Maiore Civitat'

*

Newgate calendar attached. The file for the preceding Sessions of 1~th January, 1674/5 (with Newgate calendar) exists, but yields no informat1?n concerning Catholics or recusants as such. The Sessions Book likeWIse makes no specific reference to Catholics in the records of the Sessions of January and February, 1674/5. If Witnesses for the prosecution. " ~ Ang.: "Proclamation was made. On April 14th [1675] he appeared." ยง Ang.: "[This indictment] was taken at the Gaol Delivery of Newgate.


SESSIONS FILE

CHARLES II

FEBRUARY

1674/5

197

London .... [also Edward Turner, Littleton, Atkins, Aleyn, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in earlier " Records" of this reign] et at' sociis suis Justic' .... ven' pred' Daniel Arthur in propr' persona sua sub Custod' Nathaniel Herne milit' et Johannis Lethulier milit' Vicecom' Civitat' London pred' in Quor' Custod' Idem Daniel Arthur preantea ex causa pred' seipsum reddidisset Et fecit comparenc' sua' de Recordo Et statim habit' audit' 1ndictament' pred' petit quod cesset ulterior prosecucio super 1ndictament' pred' quousque prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' etc. Super quo de gra' Cur' hic special' Idem Daniel Arthur Traditur in Ball' Thome Langhorne de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate London Skynner et J ohanni Farwell de interiori Templo London Generos' usque prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et tunc ad placitand' ad Indictament' pred' Et non Deced' etc. sub pena prefat' Daniel' Arthur ducent' librar' Et utriusque Pleg' suor' predictor' Centu' librar' Quas etc. Si etc. Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' pred' scilicet ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate t ent' .... die Mercurii scilicet decimo nona die Maii Anno vicesimo septimo supradicto cora' prefat' Roberto Vyner milit' et Baronett' Maiore Civitat' London ... . [also Rainsford, 'iVylde, Windham, Atkins, Aleyn, Lawrence, Hanson and Howell; their additions repeated as in earlier Records" of this reign] et aI' sociis suis Justic' .... Yen' prefat' Daniel Arthur iuxta recognicion' per ipsum et Pleg' suos in hac parte ut prefert ur recogn' in propr' persona sua ac protulit et deliberavit hic in Cur' quodda' warrant' Willelmi Jones Milit' Attornat' dicti Domini Regis nunc General' Qui pro dicto Domino Rege in hac parte sequitur etc. Quodquidem warrant' sequitur in hiis Anglicanis verbis sequen' videlicet' Whereas Mr Daniel Arthur Merchant sworn servant to the Queenes Matye stands indicted in London for recusancy These are in pursuance of an Order of his Matye in Councill made the 19 of this instant May to require and authorize yoU to forbear proceedings thereupon for this Sessions To the end his Matye may bee further informed concerning the case of the said Arthur And for soe doeing this shalbee yoI' warrant Given under my hand this 20 th day of May 1675 "V. Jones To Mr Wagstafi TownecIerke of London or to his Deputy these Ideo cess' process' Quousque etc. Et super hoc de gra' Cur' special' Idem Daniel Arthur traditur in Ball' prefat' Thome L.an~horne et Johanni Farwell usque prox' Deliberacion' dicte Gaol' dICt! Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et tunc ad placitand' ad 1ndictament' pred' Et no~ Deced' etc. sub pen a prefat' Daniel' Arthur Centu' librar' e~ utnusque suor' Pleg' predictor' quinquagint' librar' Quas etc. SI e~c. Ad quamquidem prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Re~s de Newgate scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini RegIS d~ Newgate tent' .... die Mercurii scilicet septimo die Julii A~~o vlcesimo septimo supradicto Cora' prefat' Roberto Vyner miht' et Baronett' Maiore Civitat' London .... [also Edward

*

II

*

* The words Et non Deced' etc. are interlined in MS.


198

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1674/5

Turner, Thome Twisden milit' et Baronett' un' Justic' dieti Domini Regis ad placita cora'ipso Rege tenend' assign," Rail1sford, Littleton, Aleyn, Fredericke, Peake and Howell; their additions repeated as in earlier Records" of this reign] et aI' sociis suis .... ven' prefat' Daniel Arthur iuxta recognicion' pred' per ipsum et Pleg' suos in hac parte ut prefert ur recogn' in propr' persona sua ac protulit et deliberavit hic in Cur' quodda' a!' warrant' prefat' Willelmi Jones Milit' qui sequitur etc. Quodquidem warrant' sequitur in hiis Anglicanis verbis sequen' videlicet By vertue of an order from his Matye in Councell dated the 19th day of May 1675 These are to authorize and desire you forthwith to stay all Proceedings against Daniell Arthur of London Merchant upon an Indietmt for Recusancy Given under my hand this 24th day of June 1675 Wi: Jones To Mr Wagstaff Town Clerke for the Citty of London Ideo Cess' process' etc. II

(l

XI

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 14 APRIL, 27 CHARLES II (1675).* SESSIONS BOOK.

[Appeared on summons and bailed in court at this Sessions.] Daniel Arthur de paroch' Omniu' Sanetor' super muru' Lond' mercator traditur in ball' Thome Langhorne de paroch' saneti Martini Ludgate London Skynner & Johanni Farwell de interiori Templo London Generos' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. Et placit' Indictament' pro Recusan'ifc Et non deced' etc. sub pena partis principal' CCll' & utriusque pleg' Cll'

XII

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 19 MAY, 27 CHARLES II (1675).

=

SESSIONS BOOK.

(I)

[Record of an Order of the Court at this Sessions.] Dominus Rex Vers' Daniel' Arthur Indietat' pro Nisi pred' Daniel Arthur recusan' accedere ad comparuerit hie in Crastil10 Ecc1esia' sua' parochial' et placitabit ad Indietament' versus vel' at' Ecc1esia' etc. per eu' Convict' existit secundum spaciu' Duor' mensiu' etc. forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' ยง

*

I

The file for this Sessions (with Newgate calendar) is extant, but contains no documents specifically relating to Catholics or recusants. ifc placit' Indictament' pro Recusan' =" To plead to his indictment for Recusancy." = The file for this Sessions contains the original warrant (written. on paper), dated 20th May, 1675, authorizing the postponement of proceedlllgs against Daniel Arthur. The wording is as given in the" Record" in text, p. 197. The current Newgate calendar is attached to this file. ยง Ang.: .. Unless the aforesaid Daniel Arthur appears here tomorroW


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

MAY I675

199

(2)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Compantit & traditur i1J ball' Thome Langhorne de parocllt' sancti Martini Ludgate London Skynner & J ohanni Farwell de interiori T emplo Lond' Gener' lI.Jsque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. et placitand' etc. Et non deced' etc. sub pena partis principal' Cll' & ~ttri~tsque plef!,' LU' Daniel Arthur de paroch' omniu' Sanctor' super muru' London ans' Generos'

XIII

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 7 JULY, r675, 27 CHARLES II (r6 75)· SESSIONS BOOK. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit Daniel Arthur de paroch' omniu Sanctor' super muru' London ans' Generos'

*

XIV

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING ro MAY, 28 CHARLES II (1676).' SESSIONS FILE. [Newgate calendar, entitled" A true and perfect Calendar of all the Prisoners in the Gaole [sic] of Newgate for Fellonies and Trespasses the roth day of May 1676"; inter alia] and pleads to the indictment against him, he is convicted according to the form of the Statute in a case of this kind made and provided." On the file for this Sessions-which is wrapped in the current Newgate calendar-occurs the original paper warrant of the Attorney General dated 24th June, 1675, authorizing the stay of proceedings against Daniel Arthur. The wording is as given in the "Record of proceedings," p. Ig8 in text. The file also contains a record of recognizances, taken on 26th May, 1675, ?efore Alderman Sir 'W illiam Turner, of Richard Hill" de Hartshorne Alley m Moorefeilds shoemaker" and Edward White "de Whitecrossestreete Blacksmyth" in the sum of £20 each, for the appearance at the London Sessions of the Peace (to be held on 5th July, 1675) of Peter Derward, to answer" For the good behavior being charged by Mr [ ] Sertillion Merchant his Master uppon suspicion oE haveing imbezilled severall of his goods." The clerical minute on the document states that Derward "made default." !3oth Sertillion and Derward were recusants-see preceding records. There IS no further information in Sessions Files or Books concerning this case. , The files for the Sessions held since the preceding July, 1675, are all extant and complete with Newgate calendars. The dates of these G.D. Sessions arc as follows: I September, 13 October, 8 December, 1675; 14Ja!luary~ 23 February, 1675/6; and 5 April, 1676. The Sessions Books for this .p.enod are also complete. None of these files or books contains any explI~lt reference to Catholics or recusants. The file of January 14th, 1675/6, contams a recognizance taken on January 11th before Sir Richard Raynsford, J.P., of Nathaniel Thompson (later a convert to Catholicism) in the sum of £100, and of his two sureties" Will' Browne de paroch' sancti Andr' Holborne Gener' et Edwardus Fowkes de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occident' Stationer" (£5 0 ea.ch) for Thompson's appearance" at the next Generall Sessions at Old BaIley," to answer for printing seditious and scandalous pamphlets. He

*


200

CHARLES II

Reprieved by ha' cor' to ye Kings [? Bench]

SESSIONS FILE

MAY

1676

l James Butler Comitted by the Rt Honourable ( SI' Joseph Sheldon Knt Lord Major *J etc. and Sr Richard Ford Knt for that he did acknowledge himselfe to be a Recusant or Roman Catholique and being [? requested] ~ according to an Act of Parliament to take the Oath of Supremacy thereby required, which he refused etc. Dat' 13° April 1676=

XV

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 9 JULY, 29 CHARLES II (1677). § SESSIONS FILE.

(1)

[Indictment of Peter Farmer and two other persons for recusancy.]11

appeared and was exonerated. Two separate bills (both on this file) against him in conjunction with tr Thomas Ratcliffe nuper de London Stacioner" and Jonas O'Farel "nuper de London Labor'," were drafted, charging them with printing and publishing, on January 5th, 1675/6, "A Letter from a Parliament man to his freind Concerning the proceedings of the house of Commons this last Sessions begun the 13 th of October 1675. Printed in the yeare 1675." A third bill also occurs, this time against Thompson and " Jacobus Rawlins nuper de London Labor'" for printing and publishing on the same day tr Twoe seasonable discourses concerning this present Parliament Oxford Printed in the yeare 1675." All three bills were, however, thrown out by the grand jury. J. G. Muddiman, in an article in the Mo'nth, July, 1921 (under the pen-name of"]. B. Williams"), discusses the probability that Nathaniel Thompson was received into the Catholic Church about 1684. The clerk of the court invariably made his marginal notes in Latin. This note, being in the vernacular and, apparently, in the same hand as the main entry, was therefore made by the gaol clerk some time before the calendar was handed over to the clerk of the court at the beginning of the May Sessions. Thus we may assume that James Butler was removed to the King's Bench prison before May 10th. Cj. Introd., pp. xxviii, xxix. If One word illegible in MS. This date refers to Butler's committal to Newgate. § The documents relating to the G.D. Sessions of July lIth, 1677, including the Newgate calendar, are also on this file. The Sessions Book records another appearance (on bail), at the adjourned Quarter Sessions ~f July lIth, 1677, of the printer, Nathaniel Thompson, of Fetter Lane. H1S prosecutor on this occasion, tr Robertus Stevens de little Brittaine Printer," likewise bound to appear, made default, so Thompson was exonerated. The nature of the charge is unknown, for the original recognizance (which would have mentioned it) is missing from the file. The series of Sessions Files (all with Newgate calendars intact) and Sessions Books for the intervening period May, 1676-July, 1677, are complete, but no references to Catholics or recusants can be found therein. The dates of these G.D. Sessions were as follows: 28 June, 23 August, I I October, 13 December,1676; 17 January, 7 March, 1676/7; 25 April, and 1 June, 1677· II No record of this indictment and conviction is to be found in the current Estreats Book, nor do the names of these three persons appear in the Recusant Roll (P.R.O.)' It is clear that no estreat was made.

*

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1677

201

Procl' facta fuit 8. 12 . 1677 non reddider' seipsos sed Defalt' jecer' Ideo etc. London ss. Jur' . ... present ant quod Petrus Farmer de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' Armiger Thomas Napper de paroch' et ward' pred' yeoman et Anna Rixley de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster octavo die Aprilis Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' .... vicesimo nono .... per spaciu' Triu' mensiu' integror' et ultra ... . [formula as (I), p. I55J Johannes Ramsey' Capt':I: ad General' Quarterial' Session' pacis [EndorsedJ Billa Vera (2) [Record of proceedings against Peter Farmer, Thomas Napper and Ann Rixley.] London ss. Memorand' quod Ad general' Quarterial' Session' pacis Domini Regis tent' pro Civitat' London apud Guihald' eiusdem Civitat' ac infra eandem Civitat' die Lune scilicet nono die Julii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. vicesimo nono Cora' Thoma Davies milit' Maior' Civitat' London Johanne Fredericke milit' Thoma Bludworth milit' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' et Willelmo Dolben milit' Recordatore eiusdem Civitat' ac at' Sociis Suis J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' Necnon ad divers' felon" transgr' et aI' malefacta infra eandem Civitat' perpetrat' audiend' et terminand' assign' General' Quarterial' Sessio ista pacis adiornat' fuit per prefat' Justic' dicti Domini Regis hic usque diem Mercurii scilicet undecimu' diem eiusdem mensis J ulii Anno supradicto ad hora' septima' ante merid' eiusdem diei apud J usticehall in Ie old Bailey in paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' tenend' cora' prefat' Justic' et al' Sociis suis ad faciend' ulterius prout Cur' Cons' etc. Ac superinde per quanda' Inquisicion' Capt' ad ista' eandem General' Quarterial' Session' pacis tent' pro Civitat' London per Adiornament' pred' apud Justicehall pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' dicto die Mercurii undecimo die J ulii Anno supradicto cora' prefat' Thoma Davies Milit' Maior' Civitat' London Ricardo Chiverton milit' Thoma Aleyn milit' et Baronett' et J ohanne Fredericke milit' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' et Willelmo Dolben milit' Recordatore eiusdem Civitat' ac aI' sociis suis Justic' dicti ~omini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' N ecnon ad divers' .... [as aboveJ assign' per Sacramentum Nicholai Kelke Johannis Jekyll Johannis Fencell Willelmi Longmore Thome C~arleton Jacobi Rawlins Fisher Dilkes Georgii Juxon Mauritii Kmg Thome Needham Thome Salter Willelmi Bancks Johannis

*

*

Ang.: "Proclamation was made. [At the Sessions beginning] October 8 th , 1677, they did not render themselves [to the Sheriffs] but made default. Therefore etc." I.e., they were convicted by reason of their default. , Witness for the prosecution. ~ I.e., " [This indictment was] taken .... "


202

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1677

Billers Thome Poole Ricardi Blaney Rieardi Browne et Thome Webb probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem Jurat' ct onerat' existen' ad Inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et Corpore Civitat' pred' existit presentat' quod Petrus Farmer de paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' Armiger Thomas Napper de paroch' et ward' pred' Yeoman et Anna Rixley de paroch' et ward' pred' Spinster Octavo die Aprilis ... . [the above indictment for recusancy against these three persons is here repeated; all notes omitted] Super quo ad pred' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis dicti Domini Regis tent' pro Civitat' London per Adiornament' pred' apud J usticehall pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' dicto die Mercurii undecimo die J ulii Anno supradicto Cora' prefat' Justic' ult' nominat' et aI' Sociis suis pred' proclamacio facta fuit et per eandem proclamacion' adtunc et ibidem mandat' fuit quod Corpora pred' Petri Farmer Thome Napper et Anne Rixley reddit' sint AngCe should be rendred vic' Civitat' London pred' ante tunc prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis dicti Domini Regis in et pro Civitat' London pred' tenend' aut aliter Convict' forent Juxta forma' Statut' pred' et modo scilicet Ad pred' prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis dicti Domini Regis tent' pro Civitat' London apud Guihald' eiusdem Civitat' ac infra eandem Civitat' die Lune scilicet Octavo die Octobris Anno vicesimo nono supradicto Cora' prefat' Thoma Davies milit' Maiore Civitat' London Johanne Fredericke Milit' Roberto Hanson milit' et J osepho Sheldon milit' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' ac at' Sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' Necnon ad divers' .... [as above] assign' pred' Petrus Farmer Thomas Napper et Anna Rixley non reddider' nee aliquis cor' reddidit Corpus suu' Vic' Civitat' London pred' nee fecer' nee quilibet eor' fecit Comparenc' sua' de Record' sed Defalt' fecer' et quilibet eor' Defalt' fecit Et Defalt' ipsor' Petri Farmer Thome Napper et Anne Rixley per Cur' hie Record' est Propter quod Hdem Petrus Farmer Thomas Napper et Anna Rixley de premiss' sic ut prefertur Indictat' existen' legittimo modo Convict' sunt et quilibet eor' Convict' est secundum forma' Statut' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis'

*

*

Although the records are complete, there is no evidence in these archives of further judicial proceedings in London against Catholics in matters of religion between this date and October, 1678, when we begin to find references to the persecution arising from the perjuries of Titus Oates. Each file for this intervening period has the current _ ewgate calendar attached, the dates of the Sessions (G.D.) being 6 September, 10 October, 12 December, 1677; 16 January, 27 February, 1677/8; 10 April, 16 May, 3 July, and 28 August, 16 78 . On the file for April 16th, 1678, howev er, occur two interesting documents which concern Elizabeth Cellier, the Catholic midwife. The contents of these documents I here analyse: (a) Record of recognizances, taken on March 27th, 1678, before Alderman Sir William Turner, of John Atterbury" de Throgmorton streete London Packer," Thomas Rogers" de Kings streete in Cheapside London Buttonseller," and George Sturman "de throgmorton streete London Packer," in the sum of ÂŁ40 each, for the appearance, at the Sessions of the Peace to be held on April 8th following,


CHARL~S

XVI

II

OCTOBER

SESSIONS BOOK

I678

203

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING I4 OCTOBER, 30 CHARLES II (I678).* SESSIONS BOOK.

[Appeared and bailed in court at this Sessions.] Susanna Denton if de Ivy Lane vid' traditur in Ball' Thome Denton de Chinsey in Com' Surr' Generos' usque prox' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. sub pena utriusque eor' Vc 11'

XVII

SESSIONS PAPERS,:t NOVEMBER

I678.

of Susanna Atterbury to answer. The memorandum below runs: "To keepe the Peace towards Eliz: Cel1ier." Susanna Atterbury duly appeared. (b) True Bill that on March 26th, 1678, in the parish of St. Martin LUdgate, in the ward of Farringdon within London, John Atterbury, senior, late of London, Packer, Susanna Atterbury, wife of the aforesaid John, John Atterbury, junior, late of London, yeoman, Sara Atterbury, late of London, Spinster, and Elizabeth Atterbury, late of London, Spinster, did assemble and congregate riotously, routously and unlawfully to the disturbance of the King's peace, and, being then and there assembled, did assault, strike, wound and maltreat one Elizabeth Cellier, the wife of Peter Cellier, so that it was despaired of her life, to the grave injury of the same Elizabeth Cellier. The names of the witnesses for the prosecution are given at the foot of the bill: "Elizabetha Cellier, Edwardus Kempe, \Villelmus Coxe." Clerical minutes over the names of the defendants show that they all pleaded" not guilty" on April 17th, and that the jury found John Atterbury senior and Susanna his wife guilty of assault but not of riot. The others were acquitted . John and his wife were each fined twenty shillings. The file containing the records of this and the G.D. Sessions of 16 October is extant (with Newgate calendar attached), but yields no material concerning Catholics or recusants as such. ~ Spelt Detton in other entries. She was a Catholic. but the reason why her appearance was required is nowhere stated: probably merely to ensure "good behaviour" during the Oates Plot scare. :t For a description of this collection of papers see Introd., p. l. All the papers here given were doubtless produced at the following Sessions of December IIth, 1678. In this bundle (marked Sessions Pape1 s 1670-1689) occurs also the following curious paper: Lond' ss. The Informacion of Thomas Knight of Northumberland Alley London vict' taken the 14th day of December 1678 Before me Sr John Frederick Knt & Alderman & one of his Mats Justices of the peace of the Citty of London etc. This Informant sayth, that coming last night into his house about 8 or g en of the Clock, one Mathew Penn being then in his house told him, That Mary Saintbard wife of Nathaniel Saint-Bard had spoken dreadfull words, to witt, yt shee the Sd Mary would kill the King, whereupon this Informant asked her, why shee sayd soe, and asking her what King shee would kill, shee sayd the King of Hearts or Diamonds but this Informant told her that was butt a quibble, And then shee sayd againe, that shee :V0uld. kill the King, and that shee had said soe before, & shee would say It agame [signed] Tho. Knight Taken and sworne the day and yeare above said before me [signed] John frederick The Informacion of Mathew Penn of Northumberland Alley aforesayd

*

1


204

CHARLES II

SESSIONS PAPERS

NOVEMBER

1678

*

(1) [The examination of Thomas Fynney, 2 November, 1678.J London ss. The Examinacion of Thomas Fynney gent' taken the second day of November 1678 Before S1' John Frederick Knt & Alderman and one of his Mats Justices of the peace of the Citty of London as followeth Being demanded when hee Examinant left Oxford saith about Easter was twelve monethes, and from thence went into the Countrey into Cornwall to his Aunt Julian Gross att Pensance neer the Mount there, where hee tarried about 3 or 4 monethes, and after that, carne for London where hee tarried about 3 or fower monethes more and then went into Holland under Collonell John Bellass, where hee remained about two monethes, in the Capacity of a Clarke and Gentleman of the pikes in the Company of Capt Obrian, and from thence, went to the University of Lovin in Flaunders, where hee studied about halfe a yeare, and from Lovin, came to Bruges where hee had an Unckle called David Le Gross Captaine in the Duke of Yorks Regimt, and from thence, came to Ostend where hee Shipt on Board the Barbarbella for England and arrived here on Tuesday last in company wth Some of the Duke of Monmouthes servants, and since his coming to London hath taken his Lodging att the three tobaccoe Rolls in High-Holborne an Alehouse [SignedJ Tho: Finny Examined & taken before me [signedJ John Fredericke [EndorsedJ .The Examinacion of Thomas Fynny gent' etc.

*

(2)

[Information of John Edwards against John Child, 12 November, 1678.J London ss. The Informacion of John Edwards of Aldermanbury Lond' gent' taken upon oath this 12th day of November 1678 Before Sr John Fredericke Knt & alderman & one of his Mats Justices of the Peace of the Citty of Lond' as followeth This Informant sayth that John Child last night came into ye Company of this Informant, being att one Mrs Williams house in Butlers Alley in Grub streete, and said Child of his owne accord

Combemaker taken the 14th day of December 1678 Before me Sf John Frederick Knt & Alderman [etc. as above] as followeth This Informant sayth~ That last night being in Thomas Knights house in Northumberland Alley drinking wth Nathaniel Saint bard, Mary wife of the Sd Nathaniel Saint-bard said shee would kill the King, and some one of Company whom hee cannot well remember, asked her what King, whereupon shee said the King of Diamonds or Spades, but afterwar~!'l shee sayd shee would kill yC King but this Inform t saith, That shee was ill Drinke The marke of Mathew X Penn afores d Taken and sworne the day and yeare above said before me [signed] John frederick" lEndorsed] The In:formacions of Thomas Knight and Mathew Penn ag t Mary Sl Bard taken 14 tb of Xber 1678. Cf. Newgate calendar for IIth December, 1678, p. 2Il in text.

*


CHARLES II

SESSIONS PAPERS

:t:T0VEMBER

I678

205

wthout any urging, said, that Oates was a Rogue for impeaching those Persons, ahd that hee deserv'd to be hanged & hee the sd Child did say hee himselfe did hope to see it, Wh~reupon. the said Infonnt told the said Child, there were wiser men, then hee or himselfe did understand it, and why should they trouble themselves ab t it, thereupon the S(l Child stroke this Informant. [signed] John Edwards Jurat' coram me [signedJ John Fredericke [EndorsedJ The Informacion of John Edwards etc. taken I2° Novembr I678 . (3) [Reputed Catholics in London who took the oaths 2I November, I678.J ' A List of ye names of such Papists or soe reputed that did on ye 21 st of N ovemb r I678 take ye Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacy before Sr Rob t Hanson and Sr Thomas Davies Knts Two of his Mats Justices of ye Peace of ye Citty of London. Piercey Joslin in ye Parish of st Sepulchres Glasier & Dorcas his Wife Tho: Pasham in Fleete-Iane Bookebindr & Frances his Wife Wm Hollingshead lodging att Mr Fox's in Cow lane James Terpine of Cowlane Painter Peter Aviett a Taylor lodging att Mr Reynoldson's in Si Brides Parish Rob t Danson on Snow-hill Watch maker James Skerritt Aprentice to ye Widd* Grocer at ye Ramme in Smithfield Sarah Mascalliodging att Mr Shawes in FI~ete-lane Jno Croft of Cow lane a Bodiesmaker George Nevill of ye same Dyer Thomas Newton on Snow-hill Taylor & Elinor his Wife Charles Bowyer of Chick-lane Barber Richd Draper Apprentice to Mr Corbett of Fleete-Lane Turner Eliz: Evans Servt to Mr Harris on Snow-hill Organ maker Eliz: Cot her another of his Servants George Boreman of Chick-lane Corke-Cuttr George Dockwray of Smithfield Grocer Susanna Oldfeild andi,lodgers att Mr Dormrs in Black & White Court in ye Old Bayly Milliner Mary Oldfeild James Hurst att Mr unn's in Angell Cot in St Sepulchres Parish Eleno r Mason an Almeswoman of st Sepulchres Parish WIll Trabutty neare Fleete-Ditch Picture Drawer Hen: Parsons lodging att Mr Manlette's in ye Old Bayly Jno Pibus a Lodger att Mrs Fostrs neare Fleete Ditch Dorothy Wyatt in Stone CutV's Streete Widdow Fardinando Herbert Yeoman of ye Stirrup to ye Queene Ralph Johnson of Fleete streete Taylor & Sarah his Wife Eliz: Pierce a Lodger att Mr Argent's a Broker in Harpes Alley wt.hin ye Parish of St Brides alias Bridgett

* I.e., Widdow

(?).


206

CHARLES II

SESSIONS PAPERS

NOVE iBER

1673

Jn o Hewett of st Brides Varnisher & Dorothy his Wife Francis Savage Lodgr att Mr Fletchrs in Blackfryl'S Chandler Anne Pickering in Black fryrS Silver and Gold Lace maker Bridgett Griffeth Widdow Lodging att Mr Brasby's in Salisbury Court Jane Wilstonecroft Wife of Charles Wilstoncroft in Vine Cot in Shooe Lane Crist all Cutt r Anne Browne Wife of Thomas Browne in Shooe Lane Carpentr Eliz: Kettle of Red Lyon Court in st Sepulchres Parish Button & Loope maker George Knappe of New-streete in Shooe Lane Goldsmith Anth: Stepps Servt to Mr Pakeman in ye Old Bayly Jane Read of Popinjay Alley in St Brides Parish Widdow Robert Thorne Painter Jno Goade Clerke Antonio Saraceno of Crutchett fryrs Soape boyler Jn o Toriano in Black fryTS Teacher of Languages Henry Roper & his Wife in BiPPSgate Streete Eliz: Burgesse of Little St Bartholomew's Widdow Jno Deane of St Bartholomew's ye great Schoolemaster and Frances his Wife lodging att Mr Gilberts Thomas Owens gent' Lodging att one Mr Luggs in Bloomesbury [Signed] Robert Hanson Thomas Davies [Endorsed] Recusants names yt tooke the oathes (4)

[Reputed Catholics in London who took the oaths 10 December, 1678.] A list of the names of those Popish Recusants or soe reputed who have taken the oaths of Supremacy & Allegiance before us Sr Rob t Hanson & Sr John Moore Knts two of his Mats Justices of the Peace for the City of London upon the loth day of Decembr Annoque dom' I678 Egbert Vandoorn of the Parish of st Michaell Baseingshaw in the City of London Diamond Cutter etc. Henry Cousturier* of st Michaell aforesd in the City afores d Marchant etc. Jonas Cudworth of st Michaell afores d Barber Chyrurgeon etc.

XVIII A.

(I)

SESSIONS FILE, DECEMBER

1678.

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 9 DECEMBER, 30 CHARLES II (1678).,

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of John Montague to answer and of Edward Hawkins to prosecute.] London ss. Memorand' quod septimo die Novembris Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Ang!' etc. XXX0 Coram me Georgio

*~ In? orthisConsturie1'. section of the file occurs also a recognizance taken on November

19th, 1678, before the Lord Mayor, Sir James Edwards, Knt., J.P., of Edward


CHARLES 11

SESStONS FILE

DECEMBER

r678

207

Waterman Milit' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' assign' ven' Johannes Montague de paroch' sancti Michael' crooked Lane [ ] et tradit r in Ball' Samuell' Lemott de paroch' eadem mercator' et Egidius ~ Rooks de paroch' sancti Martini Orgaris Dier usque prox' session' pacis pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et non deced' etc. sub pena partis principal' XU':.I: et utriusque pleg' pred' XXll' Legalis etc. Levand' etc. Quas etc. S1 etc. Memorand' quod die et Anno pred' Coram me ven' Edwardus Hawkins de paroch' sancti Alhallows less Barber Chirurgeon et adtunc et ibidem recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi summa' XXl1' sub con dicion , quod si pred' Edwardus personaJiter Comparuit § ad session' pacis pred' ad prosequend' legem cu' effectu et dand' evidenc' ex parte dicti Domini Regis versus prefat' J ohannesll Montague in causa [ ]~ Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] Geo: Waterman Upon Suspition of subverting protestants to Popery Co'mparuer'

*

(b) [Recognizance for the appearance of Michael Warton to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod Vicesimo octavo die Octobris Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secund1 nunc Regis Anglie tricesimo vener' coram me Thoma Aleyn Milite et Baronetto uno Justiciar' Pacis de Civitat' predict' conservande Michael Warton de St Alhallows Staining a Distiller of Waters recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi 200li' legalis etc. Ievand' etc. Edwardus Bolnes de Queen Street in parochia de st Mary Ie Bow Medicus et WilleImus

**

Sing" de St Michael Queenhith Coffeeman" in the sum of £40, aad of two sureties, Philip Canthorne "ibidem Cheesemonger" and William Archer " de Warwick Court in paroch' Ecclesie Christi Gener' " (£20 each), for the appearance of the said Edward Sing at the next Sessions of the Peace and " ad observ' publicam pacem precipue erga Georgiu' Knight." A memorandum on the document runs, " For misbehaveing of himselfe to the Guards." From the Sessions Book we learn that Edward Sing duly appeared at the December Sessions and was again bound over, on his own recognizances (£40), to appear at the next Sessions of the Peace. On his appearance at the Sessl.ons of January, 1678/9, he was discharged by the court. No further details of the misdemeanour with which he was charged are to be found. He was not indicted. Edward Sing is doubtless to be identified with a Catholic of the same name (and address) who figures elsewhere in these records. A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation of John Montague. , Sic in MS. for Egidio. :t Sic in MS. Probably an error for XVI'. § Sic in MS. for comparuerit. Ii Sic in MS. for Johannem. ~ A space is left here in MS. for word describing the category or class of the offence. In the case of a priest, "practising to absolve and seduce from ~he King's allegiance to Popery" was made treason by a statute of 2 3 . Elizabeth. It is clear, however, that Montague was not suspected of b emg a priest. The words a Distiller of Waters are interlined in MS.

*

**


208

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1678

Hedges de Basinghall Street Mercator separatim recogn' se et eor' utrum que deb ere dicto Domino Regi 20011 ' legalis etc. levand' etc. sub condicione quod predictus Michael 'Varton personaliter comparebit ad proxim' Session' Pacis pro Civitat' predict' etc. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn Mr Warton being a Papist and refuseing to take the Oath of Respur Allegeance and Supreamacy (c) [Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Parent to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod XXVlo die Octobris Anno Regni Regis Carol' Secund' nunc Angl' etc. XXX° Coram me J ohanne Frederick Milite uno Aldermannor' ac uno Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London Conservand' assignat' venerunt Nicholas Gorey de Bucklers-bury London Mercator et Nicholas Moysy de Pan crass-lane London Mercator et manuceperunt pro quodam Petro Parent quod idem Petru3 Parent personaliter compar' ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civitate London tenend' ad respond' etc. Sub pena utriusque Manucaptor' pred' Cli' quas etc. si etc. [Signed] John frederick for the Good behavior etc. being a Suspicious Person & a Papist etc. Defalt' fecit (2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING I I DECEMBER, 30 CHARLES II (1678).*

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Wetnall and Joseph Hide to prosecute William Bristoe.] London ss. Md' quod 3° die Novembr' Anno Regn' Carol' secundi etc. Tricesimo Coram me Thoma Davies Milit' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' pred' Conservand' Assignat' in propr' personis suis venert Thomas vVetnall super Snow hill Salesman et Josephus Hide de eadem

*

In this section of the :file occurs also the following recognizance of Thomas Knight and Matthew Penn to appear and prosecute Mary Saintbard: London ss. Memorand' quod xiiii die Decembris Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. xX-,<:O Cora' me J ohanne Frederick Milite uno Aldermanno ac uno Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London Conservand' assignat' vener' Thomas Knight de Northumberland Alley infra paroch' Sea Katherina [sic] Coleman Lond' vict' et Matheus Penn de eadem Combemaker et unusquisque eor' recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi xlll' legal' etc. levand' etc. per via' Recogn' sub condicione quod iidem Thomas Knight et Matheus Penn Personaliter comp' ad prox' Gaol' Deliberacionem dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitate London per adjournament' tenend' ad pros' legem cu' effectu et dand' eviden' ex parte dicti Domini Regis vers' quandam Maria' uxor' Nathaniel' Saintbard labor' in causa Proditionis Tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [signed] John frederick For Treason etc. saying she the said Mary Saintbare Comparuit [sic? for comparueJ'unt] would kill the King etc. (Note.-Mary Saintbard was not indicted.)


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1678

209

gener' et cognovert se debere dicto Domino Regi separal' sum' vigint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod ipsi personaliter comparuerint ad prox' Session' Gaol' deliberac' de N ewgate tent' apud Ie Old Bayly pro Civitat' pred' & Com' Middlesex ad tunc et ibidem Prosequend' et dand' in evidenc' versus \Villiam Bristoe nunc in prisona de Newgate pred' existent' Et abinde non etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies For ye sd Wm Bristoe his speakeing dangerous words relating to ye late murther of Sr Edmondbury Godfrey

Comparuer'

*

(b)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on William Fogarty, prisoner in Newgate.] London SSe Inquisicio Indentat' Capt' pro Serenissimo Domino Rege apud Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate scituat' in paroch' sancte Ecc1esie Christi in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' die Mercurii' scilicet sexto die Decembris Anno regni Domini nostri CaroH secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo Cora' J ohanne Robotham Generos' Coronat' Civitat' London pred' super Visu' Corporis cuiusdam \ÂĽillelmi Fogarty adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per Sacramentum Edwardi Hearne Edwardi Read Jacobi Athey Georgii Lamprey Nathaniel Pollard Johannis Biggs Jacobi Goddard Thome Scott Willelmi Young Willelmi Osborne Jacobi Dunstar Henr' Bigland et Henr' Swindall probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem iurat' et onerat' exist en' ad Inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege quando ubi quaIl' et quomodo pred' Willelmus Fogarty ad mortem sua' devenit dicunt super Sacramentum suu' quod pred' Willelmus Fogarty tunc existen' Prisonar' in Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pred' qui antetunc comiss' fuit illuc pro s,:spic' alt' Prodicionis ~ postea scilicet die Jovis scilicet quinto d~e Decembris Anno Tricesimo supradicto in Gaol' pred' ex visit aClOne Dei natural' mortem obiit et non aliter nec aliquo alio modo Et. sic J ur' pred' super Sacramentum suu' pred' dicunt quod pred' WJllelmus Fogarty adtw1c et ibidem ad mortem sua' in modo et forma pred' devenit et non aliter ad notic' eorundem J ur' In CUiU6

*

William Fogarty, a Catholic physician, had been committed to Newgate on September 30th, 1678, for suspected complicity in Titus Oates's .. plot." He was a Middlesex prisoner. Cf. lvliddlesex County Records (vol. iv); Foley, Records S.]. (vol. v). Another inquest occurs on this file, taken on Wednesday, December IIth, 1678, ~n the body of Philip Powell, a prisoner in Newgate "pro suspic' Felon'," Who dled a natural death in prison on December loth, " ex visitacione DeL" Powell was a Middlesex prisoner, but I can find no record of him in M.C.R. ifC Sic in MS. for Veneris. ; .. for suspicion of high treason." Fogarty, therefore, had not been arralgned. N


210

CliA~LES

1I

SESSIONS

FIL1~

rei Testimoniu' tam prcfat' Caron' quam Jur' pred' huic Inquiidciani sigilla sua apposuer' die Anno et loco primo supradictis per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (c)

(Newgate calendar, entitled London ss. A true & perfect Kallender of all ye Prisonrs in Newgate for Fellony & Trespasses: 11° Decembr' I678 "; inter alia.] Ad Inven' bon' m' Phillip Cooke Comd by the Rt hOnO ble Cora' Magistro Recordatm'e Sr James Edwards Knt Ad Comparend' ad prox' Lord Maior of the Citty General' Quarterial' of London and S1' Robert Session' pacis ad respmtd' Hanson Knt, for refuseEt twn deced' etc. Et ing to take the Oathes interim de se bene of allegiance and Supregerend' etc. macie being duely offered him Dat' I3° Novembr' I678~ Ad Inven' b01" nt' } Roger Taverner Com d by the Rt hOnO ble Sr Cora' Magistro James Edwards Knt Lord Recordatore ... . Maior of the Citty of London [as preceding note] and sr Thomas Alleyne Knt for refuseing to take the Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacie being by them lawfully tendered to him Dat' 19th Novembr' 1678 Salvo Custodiend'l Pugh Vaughan Comd by Sr Thomas Alleyn & sr in Gaol' sine Wm Turner Knts, haveing conBall' etc. :; fessed that he is a Roman Catholique & being taken in the Citty of London contrary to his Majties Proc1amacion § and refuseing to take the Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacie tendered to him Dat' 20 0 N ovembr' I678 II

*

f

*

Ang.: "To find good mainprize before Mr Recorder for his appearance at the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace to answer etc. and not depart etc. and for his good behaviour in the meantime etc." The marginal notes which are written in Latin on this and the following Newgate calenda~s are all in the hand of the clerk of the court. They were therefore written 1U court during the course of the sessions to which the calendar pertains,. and refer to curial decrees. The same is to be said with regard to the s11lg1e note" delivered" (ad in MS.). The English marginal notes were written by the clerk of the gaol before the calendar was handed over to the clerk of the court at the beginning of the sessions. These remarks will enable t~e student to calculate approximately the length of imprisonment in certam instances where no dates are given in the MS. ~ The date, as in all similar entries, is that of the prisoner's committal to Newgate. Ang.: "To be kept securely in gaol without bail etc." § I.e., Proclamation of 30th October, I678. Cf. lntrod., p. Iv.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

DECEMBER

1678

211

Ad I1we1~' bon' m' ldtlivel'ed* Cora' Thoma Davies Wm Bristoe Comd by sr Thomas Davies milit' ad Comparend' Knt, charged upon Oath for ad pl'OX' Del' Gaol' ad words spoaken by him rerespond' etc. Et non deced' lateing to the Murther of Sr etc. Et interim de se Edmundbury Godfrey Kn t bene gerend' Dat' 3° Novembr' 1678 Discharged by the ') J olm Deane Comd by the said S1' Thomas, sd 51' Thomas the ~ being suspected to be a Romish 30th of N ove1n' 1678 J preist and for want of sureties Dat' 19° Novembr' 1678 delivered John Child f from the Poultrey Compter Comitted by S1' John Fredericke for saying Mr Oates was a Rougue for Impeaching those persons & that hee deserved t,o be hanged delivered Thomas Finney thence:I: comitted by him § for saying other bookes were fitter to be burnt than ye Popish bookesll

J

B.

SESSIONS

BOOK,

DECEMBER

1678.

(r) SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 9 DECEMBER, 1678. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] 27 . 3 . Respur super affidavit Thome Delton usque

*

The marginal note delivered (ctd in MS.) opposite Bristoe, Child, and Finney was written by the clerk of the court. It is probable, therefore, that t hey were released some time during the course of the present Sessions. f The entries concerning John Child and Thomas Finney are in the hand of the clerk of the court, which indicates that these persons were brought to Ne:vgate (from the Poultry Counter prison) after the calendar had been delIvered to that official by the Newgate clerk, i.e., on the opening day of the Sessions. I.e., from the Poultry Counter prison. § I.e., Sir John Frederick. This entry immediately follows that of John Child on the calendar. . ft Below this entry (and in the same hand) occurs the following: ?alvo Custodiend' } Mary Saintbard Committed by Sr John Frederta Gaol' sine Ball' etc. icke, Knt accused by Thomas Knight for speaking daingerous & treasonable words saying shee would kill the King . . F urther below (again in the same hand) is a record of the committal of Nlcholas Ridley" a Quaker," who is, at this Sessions, ordered to remain in N~wgate until he finds sureties before Mr Recorder for his good behaviour. H1S name again occurs in the calendar for the next Sessions (January, 1678/9), unde~ the sub-title" London prisoners upon Orders," where his offence is descr~bed as "for Recusancie in not takeing the same Oathes" (i.e ., of Alleglance and Supremacy). The marginal note, however, shows that before the January Sessions began he was bailed by the Recorder " for his appearance at the next Gaol Delivery." He does not appear again in the calendars.

=


212

CHARLES 11

SESSIONS BOOK

DECEMBER

1678

prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Pasche prox' etc. Susanna Detton de Ivy lane Vid' ans' De/, fec' Petrus Parent G.B.' ans' Respur Super affidavit Willelmi Hedges de [ quod pred' Michael est [ ] ::: . Michael Wharton de paroch' Omniu' Sanctor' ans' Steyning 10 . 3 . Comparuit 0- Respur per Cur' etc. ยง pro suspie' - Johannes Mountague de eodema subversion' ans' Protest an' Comparuit Edwardus Hawkins de Thamestreete Barber pros'

*

pt festu'

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING DECEMBER, 1678.

II

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at Sessions.] Comparuit ~homas Wetnall de Snowhill Salesman Willelmum pros . B .t Comparutt n5 oe Josephus Hide gener' { pros',"

XIX.

(I)

A.

SESSIONS FILE, JANUARY,

thi~

1678/9.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 10 JANUARY, 30 CHARLES II (1678/9).

(a) [Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Busler to answer.] London S5. M<l quod XlIII die Januarii An o Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldennannor' ac un' J ustie' dicti Domini Regis ad pac' infra

*

Ang.: "On January 27th [1678/9J she is respited on the affidavit of Thomas Detton until the next Quarter Sessions of the Peace, to answer etc. after the feast of Easter next following etc." iC I.e., [for] Good Behaviour. ::: Ang.: "He is respited on the affidavit of William Hedges of [space for address] to the effect that the aforesaid Michael is [blank]." ยง Ang.: "He appeared at the Sessions beginning loth January, 1 6 78/9, and is respited by the Court etc." A eodem [loco]: i.e., Crooked Lane (mentioned in the preceding entry in the Sessions Book). ,-r This is the regular form of a Sessions Book entry when persons we~e due to appear to prosecute one who (as William Bristoe) was alre~dy In custody.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1678/9

213

Civitat' London conservand' assign' yen' Petrus Busler de paroch' sancti Gregorii London generos' Et traditur in ball' Samuel' Cob de paroch' pred' Coquo et J ohanni Dennis de paroch' pred' Joyner usque prox' Session' pac' pro Civitat' London tenend' die Lune scilicet XXO die Januarii instant' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' Sub Pena Partis principal' Cl1' et utriusque pleg' pred' Lll' legalis etc. levand' etc. quas etc. si etc. [Signed] Wm Turner For his good behavior & to Keepe the peace towards or Soveringe Compar1u:t Lord the King and all his people hee being a Roman Catholike (b) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Sadler to answer.] London SSe Memorand' quod vicesimo tertio die Decembris Anno Regni Regis iCarol' secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Coram me Georgii Waterman Milit' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London conservand' assign' yen' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptist' Mercator et traditur in Ball' Edwardus Thornburgh de paroch' sancti Dunstani in oriente Mercator' et Granado Chester de paroch' magni sancti Hellini Grocerus* usque prox' Session' pacis pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respond' et non decedend' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena part is principal' centum Libr' et utriusque pleg' pred' centum Libr' quas etc. si etc. [Signed] Geo: Waterman The said John Sadler is Bound to ye Peace he being a Reputed Comparuit Papist (c) [Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Groscott to answer.] London SSe Memorand' quod vicesimo tertio die Decembris .... Coram me Georgio Waterman .... yen' Petrus Groscott de paroch' sancti Benneti Gracechurch Dancingmaster et traditur in Ball' Gulielmus Newman de eadem paroch' Piscenarius' et Samuel' Argall de paroch' omniu' Sanctor' Lumberd Streete Haberdasher usque prox' General' Session' pacis .... [as recognizance (b) above]. [Signed] Geo: Waterman The said Peter Groscott is bound to Y,e Peace he being a Reputed Comparuit PapIst (d) [Recognizance for the appearance of William Rigby to answer.] London SSe Memorand' quod vicesimo tertio die Decembris .... coran; me Georgio Waterman .... yen' Gulielmus Rigby de paroch' sancho Laurentii Pountny victular' et traditur in Ball' Abrahamu' [? Chltty]:I: de paroch' sancti Benneti Pauleswharfe Brewer et

*, Sic in Sjc in =

MS. for Edwardo Thornburgh •••• ",agne $ancte Helline Gyoctro. MS. for G1.tlielmo Newman .• .• Piscenario. Surname doubtful. MS. badly rubbed.


214

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1678/9

vVillielm' [sic] Bowden de paroch' sancti Margareti* new Fishstreete Pewterer usque prox' General' session' pacis .... [as recognizance (b) above]. [Signed] Geo: Waterman The said William Rigby is bound to ye Peace he being a Reputed Comparuit Papist (e) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Betts to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod octavo die J anuarii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Anglie tricesimo ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn Milite et Baronetto uno Justiciar' Pads de Civitat' predict' conservand' etc. Johannes Betts de st Andrew Undershaft in Medicinis Doctor recogn' se debere Dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Samuell Shenton de Gracechurch street Sadler et Prosper Fenton de Seething Lane Cooper separatim recogn' se et eor' utrum que debere dicto Domino Regi 2011 ' per se legalis etc. levand' etc. sub Condidone quod predictus Johannes Betts personaliter comparuer' ad prox' Session' Pads pro Civitat' predict' tenend' etc. Et interim se bene gesserit etc. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (f) ' [Recognizance for the appearance of Anthony Sarecynie to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod sexto die J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Antonius Sarecynie de st Olaves Hart street Hard sope maker recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand 'etc. Henricus Barkley de Aldermanbury Mercator et Sampson Perris de St James Dukes place Mercator separatim .... 2011 ' •••• sub Condicione quod predictus Antonius Sarecynie personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (g)

[Recognizance for the appearance of William Holmes to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod sexto die J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Willelmus Holmes de St Botolph Algate Taylor recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Henricus Punnys de Ie Minories Joyner et Johannes Knight de St Giles Cripplegate Cloth-worker separatim .... 2011 ' •••• sub Condidone quod predictus Willelmus Holmes personaliter com par' . . . . [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit

*

Sic in MS. for Abrahamo Chitty Margarete.

Willelmo

Bowde~

,.,.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY 16 78/9

215

(h) [Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Velder to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod tercio die J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Henricus Velder de St Katherine Creechurch Taylor recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi 20 11 ' legalis etc. levand' etc. Willelmus Black de eadem Bricklayer recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi lOll' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condicione quod prcdictus Henricus Velder personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Dtfalt' fecit (j) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Hunt to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod tercio die Januarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Johannes Hunt de st Katherine Creechurch Taylor recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi 2011 ' legalis etc. levand' etc. Willelmus Black de eadem Bricklayer recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi lOll' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condicione quod predictus Johannes Hunt personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Defalt' fecit

(k)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Augustine Racketto to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod tercio die J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Augustinus Racketto de st Botolph Aldgate Glassmaker recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Johannes Marcy de Si Botolph Aldgate Glassmaker et Daniell Cardon de eadem Glassmaker separatim .... 2011' •••• Sub Condicione quod predictus Augustinus Racketto personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Compar-uit (1) [Recognizance for the appearance of Elias Marcy to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod tercio die Januarii .... ven' coram me Thoma AleYll .... Elias Marcy de St Botolph Aldgate Glassmaker recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Johannes Gerrett de st Botolph Aldgate Brass Founder et Andrew Peere de eadem Turner separatim .... 2011 ' •••• Sub Condicione quod predictus Elias Marcy personaliter compar' [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho; Aleyn For being a Papist recusant ~~4 to be of gooq b~havio~r Comparu#


216

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1678/9

(m) [Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Depoyes to answer.] London SSe Memorandum quod tercio die Januarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Petrus Depoyes de st Botolph Aldgate Fanmaker recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Fredericus Lichfeild de st Botolph Aldgate Bricklayer et Ricardus Crachley de eadem Merchant Taylor separatim .... 2011 ' •••• Sub Condicione quod predictus Petrus Depoyes personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [S;gned] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (n)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Mathias Bartholomew to answer.] London SSe Memorandum quod tercio die J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Mathias Bartholomew de St James Dukes place Taylor recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Thomas Rutty de st Edmund Lumbard street Haberdasher et Henricus Wright de eadem Draper separatim .... 2011 •••• Sub Condicione quod predict us Mathias Bartholomew personaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (e) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (0)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Vanderleye to answer.] London SSe Memorandum quod secundo de J anuarii .... ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn ... . [as recognizance (e) above] Petrus Vanderleye de Castle yard in hounds ditch recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 2011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condicione quod personaliter comparuer' ad prox' Session' Pacis pro Civitat' predict' tenend' etc. Et interim se bene gesserit etc. Dicto die et Anno Willelmus Batman de Castle yard in Hounds ditch Exchange Broker recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi 1011' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condicione quod predictus Petrus Vanderleye personaliter compar' ad prox' Session' Pacis pro Civitat' predict' tenend' etc. Et interim se bene gesserit etc. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (p) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Blake to answer.] London SSe Memorandum quod vicesimo quarto die Decembris . . .. ven' coram me Thoma Aleyn .... Johannes Blake de st Katherine Coleman Mercator recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi roo 11 ' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub condicione .... Dicto die et Anno Henricus Lambe de st Mary '" oolnoth Gouldsmith et Albayney Annstronge de St Dunstans in the East Wine Coope~ separatim recogn' se et eor' utrumque debere dicto Domino Reg!


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

J ANUARY

1678/9

217

Sub condicione quod predict us Johannes Blake perSOIlaliter compar' .... [as recognizance (0 ) above]. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For being a Papist recusant and to be of good behaviour Comparuit (q) [Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Rooper to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod tercio die Januarii Ano Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Anno Dom' 1678 Coram me Roberto Hanson Milit' uno Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pace' infra Civitat' Lond' Conservand' assign' ven' Henrico Rooper de St Bottolph Bishops gate London gener' recogn' se debere dicto Dom' regi quadragint' Libr' solvend' Rice Hopkins de Garlick Hill London scrivener et Guliellimu' [sic] Bullocke de Greene Harbour Courte in old Bayley London Cooper recogn' se debere dicto dom' regi quadragint' Libr' solvend' etc. Sub condicion' quod si pred' Henrico* Rooper personal' Comparebit ad prox' session' pacis pro Civitat' London tenend' etc. [Signed] R. Hanson Henry Rooper bound to keepe the} peace & to be of good behavior according to his Mats late Comparuit proclamacion 14 being a supposed Papist etc. (r) [Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Bentley to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod Die Lune sexto die J anuarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Angl' etc. Tricesimo ven' cora' me Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civit' pred' un' Justic' etc. Thomas Bentley prope Bedlam Bookseller Et Samuel Tanner ibidem Plumber & Jacobus Evitts ibidem etia' Baker Et tunc & ibidem idem Thomas recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi Quadragint' libr' legalis etc. Et etia' pred' Samuel & Jacobus recogn' se et eor' cuilibet = debere dicto Domino Regi Vigint' libr' legalis etc. levari etc. Condicio etc. quod si pred' Thomas person' compar' ad prox' session' pacis pro Civit' London tenend' etc. ad respond' etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [Signed] Ja: Edwards Major Being reputed to be a Roman Catholick Comparuit

SOli' .•••

*

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING IS JANUARY, 30 CHARLES II (1678/9).

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of William Bristo, junior, to answer.] London ss. Md' quod XXo die Decembris Anno Regni Regis Caroli

* Sic in MS. for Henricus.

, I.e., Proclamation of 20 December, 1678. ~ Sic in MS. for qu,emlibet (or utrun;que).

CJ. Introd., p. lvii,


218

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

1678/9

secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Cora' me Thoma Davies Milie un' Aldermannor' Civitat' London ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' assign' yen' Willelmus Bristo sen' de paroch' Sancte Anne Blacke Fryers London Generos' et Robertus Hull de Medio Templo London Generos' et Recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi separal' summas XLli' legalis etc. levand' per via' Recogn' Sub Condicione quod si Willelmus Bristo Jun' filius pred' Willelmi Eristo sen' personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Deliberacionem Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respond' etc. et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' Quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies Comparuit (b) [Newgate calendar, entitled  London SSe A true & perfect Kallender of all the Prisoners in Newgate for Felonies & Trespasses the 15 th day of January 1678 "; inter alia.] Ad Inven' bon' m' Ralph Connyers Comd by Sr George Jeffreys cora' Magistro Knt Record r of the Citty of Recordatore ad London for that he is a popish Comparend' ad Recusant and a very dangerprox' Del' Gaol' ad ouse person to the King & respond' etc. Et non Govemm t & hath beene at Deced' etc. Et Mass wthin these two yeares interim de se bene by his owne Confession. Dat' gerend' etc. If 23 0 Decembr' 1678 George Browne 1comd by S1' Wm Turner John Butler Knt charged by Robert Ind' in M1'ddles':: Owen Hurst-Escaped Wynn Esq' for that they wth severall others did { Richd Mills & Christofer Brunker j enter his house under pretence to search for Roman Catholics & others concerned in the Plott & did robb his house of severall parcells of silver plate, J ewells, Rings and money, Value 15011 ' Dat' 31° Decembr' 1678 [Sub-section on calendar, entitled" London Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] Phillip Cook }fOr Recusancy in not takeing the Roger Taverner Oathes of Allegiance & supremacie

*

*, The word is interlined in MS. For translation, cl. footnote, p. sen'

210.

:: Ang.: "Indicted in Middlesex." The original indictment appears to have been lost, but the Gaol Delivery Book (Middlesex) for this Sessions shows that Browne, Butler, Mills, and Brunker were all convicted of the burglary and sentenced to be hanged (NIiddlese~ C01tnty Records, iv, '27 8).


CHAR~~S

II

SESSIONS FILE

Bailed by the}Wm Bristoe s(1 Sr Thomas

Pugh Vaughan B. (I)

JANUARY

219

I678/9

To find baile before Mr Recorder to appeare at the next Generall Quarter Sessions of the Peace to answer etc. & for their good behavior for misdemeanor in words. To find baile before Sr Thomas Davies Knt to appear as above s(1 etc. for Recusancie'

SESSIONS BOOK, JANUARY

*

I678/9.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING IO JANUARY, I678/9.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] . 24.4. Comparuit & Respectuatur etc. per Cur'luit extra iuxta proclamacion':I: et die crastino redire in rureยง Michael Wharton de paroch' Omniu Sanctor' ans' Steyning Comparuit & exonur etcJ Thomas Bentley prope Bedlam Bookeseller Papi3t~ ans' Comparuit & exon tur etc. Henr' Rooper de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Papist ans' Bishoppsgate London Gener'

*

I.e ., at the next Gaol Delivery of Newgate (words occurring in the preceding item in the calendar). , Beneath this entry occurs the following: Mittat ur ad B-ridewell IMarie Saint Bard for suspicion of severall Lond' ad laborand' usque felonies etc . prox' Del' Gaol' de N ewgate Et t1.(,nc Reducat ur etc. :: I :e., Proclamation of 30 October, 1678. Cj. lntrod., p. Iv . . ยง The wretched Latinity and lack of punctuation make the meaning of thIS minute uncertain. It may perhaps be rendered thus: "He appeared on F ebruary 24th [1678/9J and is respited by the court. In accordance with ~he proclamation he has been outside [LondonJ, and to-morrow is to return mto t he country." That Wharton had left London some time before the ~rec~ding December Sessions is shown by the minute above his name in the SesslOn~ Book entry for that date: cf. p. 212 in text. The present note was eVldently made at the Febmary Sessions. HA ng.: "He appeared and is discharged etc." Some account of the t reatment of Catholics in London during the Oates Plot will be found in the Introduction, p. liv . .~ It will occasionally be found that the marginal note "Papist" is omitted in the Sessions Books, even where that designation is used on the corresponding recognizance in the file. This omission should not necessarily lead u~ to conclude that the persons concerned were later found to be nonCat~ohcs, but rather that the clerk was in too great a haste to trouble about a~dmg a note which he regarded as superfluous. Many lapses from conslstency are noticeable in these records.


220

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JANUARY

1678/9

Comparuit et traditur in Ball' Jonathan Gawthorne de Buttolph Algate Skinner et Samuel' Stubborne de paroch' sancti Thome So~tthwarke Chirurg' usque prox' Sess' pacis Quarterial' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. S~t-b pena partis principal' LIt' 0- utriusque pleg' pred' XLll' Johannes Blake de saneta Katherina Coleman ans' Mercator Compar'ltit & exo tur etc. Petrus Vanderleye de Castleyard in Hounsditch ans' Comparuit et traditur in ball' Thome Ruttey de Lumberd streete mercator' et Henrico Wright de eadem Buttonseller usque P1'OX' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena Partis principal' Cll' et utriusque Pleg' pred' LIt' Mathias Bartholomew de S. James Dukes Place ans' Taylor Comparuit et exon ur etc. Petrus Depoyes de Aigate Fanmaker ans' Comparuit et exontur etc. Elias Marcy ibidem* Glassmaker ans' Comparuit et exontur Augustinus Racketto ibidem* Glassmaker ans' De!, fec' Johannes Hunt de sanete Katherine Creechurch ans' Taylor De!, fec' Henry Velder ibidem' Taylor ans' Comparuit 0- exour etc. Willelmus Holmes de Aigate Taylor ans' Compar-uit 0- exour etc. Anthonius Sarecinie de St Olaves Hartstreete ans' Hartsopemaker Comparuit G exo ur etc. Johannes Betts de St Andrew Undershaft in medicin' ans' Doctor Comparuit 0- exo ur etc. Willelmus Rigby de paroch' saneti Laurentii ans' Pountney Viet'

*

Papist Papist

Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist Papist

I.e., of Algate. The entries from John Blake to John Sadler (inclusively) are successive in the Sessions Book. 'fI I.e., the parish of St. Catherine Creechurch.


2~1

SESSIONS BOOK

CHARLES II

Comparuit & exo ur etc. Petrus Groscott de paroch' sancti Benedicti ans' Gracechurch Dancingmaster Comparuit et traditur in ball' Radulfo Izard d~ paroch' sancte II ellene Grocer et Roberto M arryott de Threadneadlestreete mercator' usque prox' Quarte1 ial' session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' pred' LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti Johannis Baptiste ans' London mercator Comparuit et traditur in ball' Samuel' Cobb prope Drs Comons London Coq~to et Johanni Dennys de Pater 1wster rowe Joyner usque prox' Quarterial' session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena partis principal' CU' et ut1iusque pred' pleg' 1.11' Petrus Busler de paroch' sancti Gregorii London ans' Generos'

Papist

l

(2)

Papiet

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 15 JANUARY, 1678/9.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance Sessions.] Resptur per Cur' Willelmus Bristoe Jun' fil' Willelmi Bristoe sen' ans' XX.

A.

(I)

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING FEBRUARY,* 31 CHARLES II (1678/9).

SESSIONS FILE, FEBRUARY,

~t

this

1678/9.

18 Recognizance for ' the appearance of George Bigglalld to answer.] London ss. Mel' quod 25 die J anuarii anno Regni Regis Domini nostri Caroli seclmdi D.G. Anglie etc. XXXlo, cora' me Thoma Bludworth milite etc. venerunt Georgius Biggland de Aldersgate Streete wire drawer Henricus Biggland de Newgate Streete Linnendraper et Jno Brathwait de Longlane uphoulsterer Et omnes eoru' r' se debere dicto Domino Regi ÂŁ40 legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condicione quod Georgius Biggland personaliter comparuerit ad proxima' Sessione' Pacis pro Civitate London tenend' ad respondend' etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [Signed] Tho. Bludworth For staying in London Contrary to yQ Kings Proclimation ~ Compar'u it being a popish recusant

(a)

* This is the date givenSic on the file. The Sessions Book has February for XXXo.

24th.

,

in MS.

~ I.e., Proclamation of 30 October, 1678.

Cf. Introd., p. Iv.


222

CHARLES II

SESSIONS . FILE

FEBRUARY

1678/9

(b) [Recognizance for the appearance of Charles Byett to answer.] London 55. Mdum quod decimo die Februarii Anno Regni Domini nostri Carol' secundi nunc Regis Angl' etc. tricesimo primo in propr' person' suis ven' cora' me Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civt.1s London ac un' J ustie' ejusdem Civtls ad pacem infra eand' Civ tem conservand' Johannes Atterberry de Throgmorton str' Packer & Johannes Odlin de Lothbury Fanmaker et tunc & ibidem dicti Johannes & Johannes r' se et eor' utrumque per se deb ere dicta Domino Regi vigint' Libr' legalis etc. levari etc. Condicio quod si Carol' Byett person' compar' ad proxim.' Gen' Session' pacis pro Civte London tenend' ad respond' etc. ct abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. et interim sic* bene gesserit [Signed] Ja: Edwards Major For refuseing to take ye Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy & bound over to his good behaviour according DefaU' fecit to ye late Proclamacion' (c) [Recognizance for the appearance of Francis Shynee to answer.] London ss. Md' quod XVlIIo die Februarii An o Regni Regis CaroH secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXlo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad pac' infra Civit' London conservand' assign' ven' Franciscus Shynee de Angel Streete in paroch' Ecclesie Christi London generos' Et traditur in Ball' Thome Joyner de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Billingsgate London Wharfinger usque prox' Session' pac' pro Civit' London tenend' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' Sub pena parHs principal' Cll' et pleg' pred' LIP legalis etc. levand' etc. quas etc. si etc. [Signed] Wm Turner For his good behavior being a Roman Catholike Defalt' fecit (d)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Nicholas Bradshaw to prosecute William Run1Iey.] London ss. Md' quod XXIIlo die Januarii Ano Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pac' infra Civit' London conservand' assign' ven' Nicholaus Bradshaw de Round Court in paroch' sancti Martini Ie Grand London yeom' Et recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi Summa' XXll' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via' rccogn' sub Condicione quod si pred' Nicholaus Bra~­ shaw personalr compaluerit ad prox' Del' Gaol' dicti Domini RegIs de Newgate pro Civit' London tenend':1: ad prosequend' legem cu'

*, I.e., Sic in MS. for sc. Proclamation of

20 December, 1678. Cj. Introd., p. lvii. •..• tmend' in MS. A clerical error for ad prox' Session' pacis •••• tenend'.

=ad prox' Del' Gaol'


CItA~LES

11

SESSlONS FtLE

FEBRUARY

1678/9

223

effectu versus quend' Willelmum Rumley* in causa transgr' quod tunc etc. aI' etc. [Signed] Vv~m Turner For speakeing seditious words in the Gaole of Newgate De/alt' /~cit (e)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Richards to answer and of George Hatton and two other persons to give evidence.] London ss. Md' quod Xlo die Januarii Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXo Cora' me Thoma Davies Milit' un' Aldermannor' Civitat' London Ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' conservand' assign' ven' Henr' Richards de paroch' sancte Bridgitte alias Brides London Gener' Et Recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi summa' XLIi' legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub condicione quod si pred' Henr' personalr comparuerit ad prox' Session pads pro Civitat' London tenend' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. Defalt' fecit Md' quod die et anno supradicto cora' me prefat' Thoma Davies yen' Georg' Hatton de paroch' sancti Olavi veteri Judaismi Bricklayr Johannes Ebsworth de paroch' sancte Margte Lothbury Clockemaker & Alex' Glanister de paroch' sancte Alphag' Carpenter Et separatim Recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi separal' summas XXl1' legalis etc. levand' etc. ad dand' evidenc' ex parte dicti Domini Regis ut evidenc' vers' prefat' Henr' adtunc etc. alioquin etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies For telling ye grand rounds wthout [? London] If yt hee scorned yt power by weh they Acted & would doe their businesse ye Comparuer' pros' = next morning & saying yt George Hatton was a blacke saturnall Rogue & fitt to be Oates his second (f)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Andrew Crambleton to answer and of Samuel Home to prosecute.] London ss. Md' quod 19° die Jan' Anno Regn' Regis Carol' secundi Tricesimo Coram me Thoma Davies Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' pred' C011servand' Assignat' etc. in propr' person' suis vener' Robertus Wheately de paroch' St Sepulchr' Brewr et Sam' J olmson de Distaffe. Lane Tallow Chandler et Recognoverunt se deb ere dicto Dommo Regi separal' sum' 20li ' legalis etc. levand' etc. ~ex

*pnsoner inRumley was a Benedictine lay-brother, at this time a MiddleNewgate, suspected of being concerned in qates's .. plot." ~Vil1iam

Ct· M.e.R .• vol. iv. , This doubtful word is interlined in MS. :: Aftg.: I I The prosecutors appeared."


224

CHMLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1678/9

Con dido quod si Andr' Crambleton personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pacis tent' apud Le Guild Hall Ad respond' etc. et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. Md' quod diet" die et Anno coram me in propr' person' sua ven' Sam' Home de paroch' st Dunstans in Le Occiden' Clock Maker et cognovit se debere dicto Domino Regi Sum' 2011 ' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si ipse personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pred' ad prosequend' versus pred' Andr' Crambleton et abinde non etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies For ye sd Andrew Crambleton his haveing had a Paper of dangerous Consequence found in his Custody and being a Papist for returning Comparuer' out of ye Countrey into ye [? Citty] contrary to ye Kings Proclamation'

*

(g)

[Indictment of Henry Richards for seditious words.] 20 â&#x20AC;˘ 12 . po se 14. I . relicta vereficacione Cogn' Indictament' fin' Ills IIIId Et Comittit ur etc.:t London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' present ant quod Henr' Richards nuper de London Generos' Machinans et malitiose intendens Dominum nostrum Carolu' secundum nunc Regem Angl' Supremu' et naturalem Dominum suu' ac Regimen et Gubemacionem ipsius Domini Regis huius regni sui Angl' in rebus militar' rite Stabilit' in maximu' odiu' et Contempt' apud omnes Ligeos et Subditos ipsius Domini Regis inducere machinansque ulterius atque intendens Officiar' militar' dicti Domini Regis vilipendere et depravare Et ad ill' nefandissimas imaginaciones intenciones et proposita sua pred' Perimplend' et Perficiend' Idem Henr' Richards undecimo die J anuarii Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo circa hora' secundam in noete eiusdem diei apud London videlicet in paroch' sanete Bridgitte alias Bride in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' habens Colloquiu' cu' quoda' J ohanne Ewer adtunc et adhuc Locu' Tenen' Roberto Baxter Capitan' militu' Peditat' ang Ce a Company of Foote Soulders infra Civitat' London in Stacione sua adtunc & ibidem existen' ang Ce being upon the guard de et Concernen' Authoritat' ipsius Johannis Ewer in ea Parte hec malitiosa opprobiosa anglicana verba sequen' videlicet I (seipsum Henr' Richards innuendo) Doe scorne the Power (Authoritat' et Potestat' prefat' Domini Regis ill rebus militar' innuendo) by which you (eundem Johannem Ewer innuendo) Doe Aet malitiose seditiose in auditu diversor' Ligeor' et Subditor'

* The first three letters of this word are indecipherable.

, I.e., Proclamation of 30 October, 1678. Cf. Introd., p. Iv. Ang.: "On October 20 th [1679] he puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]. On November 14th [1679], abandoning verification [by a jury], he confesses the indictment [i.e., pleads' guilty']. He is fined 3s /4 d , and is committed etc."

' :I:


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

I678/9

225

dicti Domini Regis adtunc et ibidem Presen' per verba et dicta expressa dixit et Publicavit Ea intencione et proposita ad Cordial' amorem debit' fidelitat' et Ligeanc' eorundem Ligeor' et Subditor' dicti Domini Regis ab ipso Domino Rege retrahend' In Contempt' dicti Domini Regis nunc Legumque suar' In maIu' ExempIu' omniu' al'in Consimili casu delinquen' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. Alexander Glanister Johannes Ewer Johannes Ebsworth [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 26 FEBRUARY, 3I CHARLES II (I678/9). ~

(a) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Gibbon to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod die Sabbati I5 Febr' Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Angl' etc. XXXIo ven' cora' me Francisco Chaplin mil' et Alderman' ac un' Justic' pro Civit' pred' ad pacem conservand' etc. Johannes Gibbon de paroch' Sancte Kathar' Gent' Et Williel' [? Potter] ~ de Watteling Street ~edicamentarius Et Georgius Gost de paroch' Sancte Brides Gent' Et tunc & ibidem idem Johannes recogn' se debere dicta Domino Regi Ducent' libr' · legalis etc. Et etia' pred' WillieI' & Georgius t unc & ibidem recogn' se & eor' cuilibet § debere Dicto Domino Regi Centu' libr' legalis etc. levari etc. Condicio etc. quod si pred' Johannes person' compar' ad prox' Session' Gaol' deliberacion' pro Civit' London & Com' Middlesex Et non etc. ad respond' etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [Signed] Fran. Chaplin For being taken with a considerable quantaty of papiste bookes Comparuit that he owens to be his owne (b)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Roger Appleton, II prisoner in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio indentat' capt' pro serenissimo Domino Rege apud Gaol' Domini Regis de N ewgate scituat' in paroch' Ecc1esie Christi in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' die

* Witnesses for the prosecution.

, Among the indictments in this section of the file is a True Bill against Owen Hurst, " nuper de London labor'," for breaking the prison of Newgate on J anuary I4th, I678/9, he having been committed thither on December 3ISt, I678, by Sir William Turner, J.P., on a charge of robbing Robert Wynn, Esq. (el: Newgate calendar for January preceding, p. 2I8 in text). On the s~~e bill Dorothy Ramsey, "nuper de London Spinster," is charged with aldm~ and abetting his escape. There is a note to the effect that the jury at thIS. Sessions acquitted Dorothy Ramsey, but no mention is made of proceedmgs against Owen Hurst. ~ The first letter of this surname is doubtful. § Sic in MS. for quemlibet (or utrumque). F II The Newgate calendar of Middlesex prisoners for t he present Sessions ( eb. 26th) has the following entry concerning this person: .

o


226

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1678/9

Martis scilicet quarto die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. XXXlo Cora' J ohanne Robotham Generos' Coron' Civitat' London super visu' Corporis cuiusda' Roger' Appleton adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per Sacramentum Henr' Buckley Johannis Slade Andree Wheeler Johannis Clarke Galfridi Brathwaite Ricardi Cunrigg Edwardi Pickes Petri Wood Henr' Hubbard Johannis Wells Sampson Baker et Roberti Brooke probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem iurat' et onerat' existen' ad Inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege quando ubi qualr et quomodo prefat' Roger Appleton ad mort' sua' devenit dicunt super Sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Roger Appleton qui antetunc comiss' fuit ad Gaol' pred' exist ens Papisticus recusans postea scilicet die solis scilicet secundo die Februar' Anno XXXlo supradicto in Gaol' pred' ex visitacione Dei natural' mortem obut Et sic Jur' pred' super sacramentum suu' pred' dicunt quod pred' Roger Appleton modo et forma pred' ad mort' sua' devenit et non aliter nec aliquo alio modo ad notic' eorundem J ur' In cuius rei Testimoniu' tam pre fat , Coron' quam Jur' pred' huic Inquisicioni Sigilla sua apposuer' die Anno et loco primo supradictis per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (c)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Ralph Conyers, prisoner in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio indentat' capt' .... [as preceding inquisition] die Jovis scilicet vicesimo tertio die Januarii Anno .... XXXo Cora' Johanne Robotham .... Super visu' Corporis cui usda' Radulfi Conyers adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per sacramentum Thoma Deale Willelmi Loe Thome Wyn J ohannis Doe J ohannis Heard Christopheri Den Ricardi Feate Samuel Goad Edmundi Weaver Edwardi Marter Francisci Kelme Samuel Toe et Johannis Samon probor' et legaliu' hominu' .... qui .... dicunt Super Sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Radulfus Conyers qui antetunc Comiss' fuit ~d Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate pred' existens Papisticu5 recusans postea scilicet dicto die J ovis scilicet vicesimo tertio die J anuarii Anno Tricesimo supradicto adtunc ex visitacione Dei naturalem mortem obiit Et sic Jur' pred' super sacramentum suu' Mort' i.,t Gaol

Roger Appleton Comd by Sr "vVm \Valler Kut. for being a Romeish Preist Dat. 22° Jan. 1678 [i.e., 1678/9J. (Middlesex Guildhall archives.) Neither Appleton nor any of the three other recusants (Conyers, Tavernor, and Vaughan), whose inquisitions follow in text, had been arraigned. Two other inquisitions on Newgate prisoners occur on this file: (a) Taken on January 24th, 1678/9, on the body of Richard Fitcherley, a prisoner" pro felon' et pro ead' convict'," who died a natural death on Friday, the said January 24th, "ex visitacione Dei." (b) Taken on February 9th, 1678/9, on the body of John Leake, a prisoner "pro felon' et pro ead' convict'," who died a natural death on Saturday, February 8th, "ex visitacione Dei." Both Fitcherley and Leake were Middlesex prisoners, but no record of them appears in M.C.R.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

r678/9

227

pred' dicunt quod pred' Radulfus Conyers modo et forma pred' ad mort' sua' devenit per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (d)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Roger Tavernor, prisoner in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio indentat' capt' .... [as inquisition (b) above] die Jovis scilicet Tertio decimo die Februarii Anno .... Tricesimo primo Cora' Johanne Robotham .... super visu' Corporis cuiusda' Roger' Tavernor adtul1c et ibidem mortui iacen' per sacramentum Johannis Burgis Roberti Hilcocke Edmundi Culpepper Johannis Simpson Thome Mitchellburne Ricardi Carey Willelmi Thompson Willelmi Carter Josephi Ashe Edwardi Bates Ricardi Ellary et Johannis Graves probor' et legaliu' hominu' .... qui .... dicunt super sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Roger Tavernor qui antetunc Comiss' fuit ad Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pred' existens Papisticus recusans postea scilicet die Mercurii scilicet duodecimo die Februarii Anno Tricesimo primo supradicto in dicta Gaol' "dicti Domini Regis de N ewgate ex visitacione Dei natural' mortem obiit Et sic Jur' pred' super sacramentum suu' pred' dicunt quod pred' Roger Tavernor modo et forma pred' ad mort' sua' devenit per me 10hannem Ro botham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (e)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Pugh Vaughan, prisoner in Newgate.] I.ondon ss. Inquisicio indentat' Capt' .... [as inquisition (b) above] die Jovis scilicet vicesimo tertio die Januarii Anno .... Tricesimo cora' Johanne Robotham .... super visu' Corporis Cuiusda' Pugh Vaughan adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per sacramentum Josie Warne J ohannis Burstall Willelmi Daveson Edwardi Peppitt Ricardi Elsly Cornelii Clanson Ricardi Broughton J ohannis Grey Willelmi Authorson Willelmi Wright Thome Long Thome Baker et Thome Sheppeard probor' et legaliu' hominu' .... qui .... dicunt super sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Pugh Vaughan qui antetunc comiss' fuit ad Gaol' pred' exist ens Papisticus recusans postea scilicet die Mercurii scilicet vicesimo secundo rue J anuarii Anno Tricesimo supradicto in dicta Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate ex visitacione Dei natural' mortem obiit Et sic Jur' pred' Super sacramentum suu' pred' dicunt quod pred' Pugh Vaughan modo et forma pred' ad mort' sua' devenit .... per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (f) [Newgate calendar, entitled" London S5. A true & perfect Kallender of all the Prisoners in Newgate for Felonies and Trespasses the 26 th Day of February r678 "; inter alia.] Bailed by ye Rt hono b1e "'1 Charles Byett Com d by ye said Rt hono b1e ye Lord M aiol' etc. ro ye Lord Maior etc. & SI' F ebr' 1678 j Joseph Sheldon Kn t for

r


228

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

FEBRUARY

1678/9

refuseing to take the Oathes of Allegiance & Supremacy tendred him. Dat' 9° Februarii 1678 Ad Inven' bon' m' James Douglas from Woodstreete Compter coram Domino M aiore comitted by my Ld Maior ad Comparend' adPrOX'j for saying there was noe sess' pacis ad respond' plott etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. [Sub-section on calendar, entitJed London Prisoners upon Orders "; inter alia.] Mort'in Gaole Ralph Conyers being a popish Recusant' Mort' tn Gaol Roger Taverner}Repr' to their severall former Phillip Cooke Orders :t Mort' itt Gaol Pugh Vaughan for being a Popish Recusant

l

*

t(

B.

SESSIONS BOOK. FEBRUARY,

1678/9.

18 FEBRUARY, § 1678/9. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] 26 .4. Comparuit & tr' in ball' Roberto Wheately de eademn Brewer & Jacobo A cord de Ramm Alley V ict' u,sque prox' Quarterial' Session' pads ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena partis principal' C11' & utriusque pleg' pred' LIP Andreas Crambleton ans' Comparuit Samuel Horne de paroch' sancti Dunpros' stani in occiden' Clockmaker (I)

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING

*

Cf. translation in footnote, p. 210. , Below this entry occurs the following: Smt thither Mary Saintbard for speaking words against his MajUB to be sent to Bridewell London & there kept to hard Labour till yC next Gaole Delivery etc. & then to be delivered. Four other prisoners (felons) are here bracketed with Tavemer and Cooke in the original calendar. § This is the date given on the file. Actually, the Sessions Book gives 24th February. ft I.e., the parish of St. Sepulchre-mentioned in a minute immediately preceding in the Sessions Book.

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

FEBRUARY

I678/9

20 . I2 . Comparuit 0- tr' in ball' ad pros' tr'* Henr' Richards de paroch' sancte BridgI'Hd' ~ ans' itte London Gener' Comparuit 0- pros' Georg' Hatton de paroch' sancti Olavi pros' veteri J udaisrno Bricklayer Compantit Johannes Ebsworth Clockernaker pros' Compar' Alexander Glanister -pros' De!' fec' vVilliam{ Nicholaus Bradshawe de Round Courte Rumley pros' in St Martins Ie grand Yeorn' De!, fec' Franciscus Shynee de Angell streete ans' Generos' De!, fec' Carolus Byett ans' Compantit 0- exo ur capt' Jurament':I: Georgius Biggland de Aldersgatestreete ans' Wiredrawer (2)

229

pro verbis sedic'

pro verbis sedic' papist papist Papist

SESSIONS OF NEW GATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 26 FEBRUARY, I678/9.

(a)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit 0- exour etc. Johannes Gibbon de paroch' sancte Katherine ans' Gener' (b) [Record of an Order of the Court.] Whereas a Chest full of popish superstitious Bookes were lately taken in London in the custody of one John Gibbons and brought before Sr Francis Chaplin Knt one of his Mat yes Justices of the peace wthin this Citty Which Bookes were since clayrned by Doctor John Betts Phisitian dwelling in Lymestreete Itt is Ordered by this COUIte That the Lord Bishopp of London be attended with the said Bookes to inspect & Peruse them, And that afterwards the same

*

Ang.: "On October 20 th [1679J he appeared and is delivered in bail to prosecute his traverse." , Ang.: "He is indicted." A reference to Richards's indictment at the present Sessions. :t A?'lg.: "He appeared and is exonerated. The Oaths were taken." I.e., the oaths of allegiance and supremacy.


230

CHARLES

II

SESSIONS

BOOK

Bookes be disposed of in such wise as his Lor Pp shall be pleased to direct and order therein

XXI. (r)

A. SESSIONS FILE, APRIL, r679. QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 28 APRIL, 3r CHARLES II (r679). (a) [Recognizance for the appearance of Margaret Smith to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod Vicesimo octavo die Februarii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Anglice tricesimo primo yen' coram me Thoma Aleyn Milite et Baronetto Uno Justiciar' pacis de Civitat' predict' conservand' etc. Margaretta Smith de St Martins Ludgate Vid' recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi roo11' legalis etc. et Andreas Bonnell* de St Dunstans in East et Thomas Crawley de eadem Mercatores separatim recogn' se et eor' utrumque deb ere Dicto Domino Regi 5011' per se legalis etc. levand' etc. Sub Condidone quod predict a Margaretta Smith personaliter Comparuer' ad prox' quarter' Session' Pacis pro Civitat' predict' tenend' etc. [Signed] Tho: Aleyn For Refuseing to take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy Comparuit (b) [Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Cheverell to answer.] i4 London ss. Md' quod 6 0 die April Anno Regn' Regis Carol' secundi etc. 3ro Coram me Thoma Davies Milit' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' pred' Conservand' Assignat' etc. in propr' person' sua' venit Walter Needham de Charter house yard Medicin' Doctor et traditur in Ballio Thoma = Cheverell de Hind-Court in Fleetstreete gener' usque prox' session' pads tenend' apud Le Guildhall pro Civitat' pred' Ad respondend' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pen a partis principal' ducent' libr' legalis etc. Et pleg' pred' Cent' libr' Levand' etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies Quas etc. Si etc. For ye Sd Thomas Cheverall ยง his aperance att ye next Sessions of the Peace and to be in ye meane time of Comparuit ye good behavior

*,. The ? or Bennell. special reason for the enforced appearance of Thomas Cheverell

(and of Mary Molins and James Pemberton-whose recognizances follow ~n text) is nowhere indicated, but since all three persons occur elsewhere 10 these records as recusants, it is safe to assume that they, like other Catholics during the Oates Plot panic, were suspected of dangerous disaffection on account of their religion and were bound over" to the good behaviour" because they had refused to take the oaths. =: Sic in MS. for Thomae (Dative). ยง It is clear from this memorandum that the clerk, in engrossing the terms of the present recognizance, has interchanged the names (? and addresses) of the principal party (Cheverell) and of his surety (Needham). A very curious error.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

. APRIL

r679

231

(c) [Recognizance for the appearance of Mary Molins to answer.] London ss. Md' 24° die Martii r678/9 Coram me Thoma Davies Mil' .... [as in preceding recognizance (b)] in propr' personis suis [venerunt] Willelmus Molins de St Andr' Holborne London Chirurgus et Jacobus Molins de St Bridgett Chirurgus Et cognovert se deb ere Dicta Domino Regi separal' sum' 2011 ' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si Maria Molins uxor predidi Willelmi Molins Personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pacis tent' apud Le Guildhall pro Civitat' pred' Ad respondend' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Et abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies For ye aperance of ye sd Mary Molins att next Sessions of ye peace & her being of ye good behavior in ye Comparuit meane time

*

(d)

[Recognizance for the appearance of James Pemberton to answer.] London ss. M<1' quod 30 die April' Anno Regn' Regis Carol' secundi etc. 3ro Coram me Thoma Davies .... [as in recognizance (b) above] in propr' persona sua venit Jacobus Pemberton de St Martin Ludgate Foundr et traditur in Ball' Francisc' Pemberton de Civit' \VestminsP' Weaver et Henr' Litherland de st Martin pred' Chirurgus usque prox' Session' pacis tent' apud Le Guildhall .... Sub pena partis principal' vigint' libr' legalis etc. Et utriusque pleg' pred' separal' sum' vigint' libr' etc. levand' etc. Quas etc. Si etc. [Signed] Thomas Davies For ye sd James Pemberton's apearenance [sic] att ye next Sessions of ye peace & in ye meane time to be Comparuit of ye good behavior (e)

[Recognizance for the appearance of William Hodson to answer.] London ss. Mil' quod decimo quarto die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Augl' etc. Tricesimo primo Cora' me J osepho Sheldon Milit' uno Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London conservand' assign' ven' Willelmus Hodson de paroch' sandi Bottolphi extra Bishopsgate London [ ]' in propr' persona sua et traditUl' in Ball' Willelmus ~ Moonsey de paroch' sande Bridgitte alias Bride London Cooper et Lancelotus § Girlington de paroch' sandi Egidii extra Cripplegate

* The word vene,'unt is omitted in MS.

, A space is left here in ~IS. for word denoting status or occupation of William Hodson. Sic in MS. for Willelma. § Sic in MS. for Lancelota.

=


232

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r679

London Haberdasher usque prox':Session' Pads pro'Civitat' London tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et non deced' etc. 'Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] J as. Sheldon Being reputed to be a Papist Comparuit

*

[Recognizance for the appearance of James Verbeck and Mary. his wife. to a-Tlswer.] London ss. Memorand' quod septimo die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secund' nunc Angl' XXXlo Coram me Johanne Frederick milite uno Aldermannor' ac uno Justiciar' didi Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London conservand' assignat' venit ~ Jacobus Verbeck de paroch' Sandi Bennett Fincke London Ordinary Keeper et Maria uxor eius et tradit' fuerunt in , ball' Willelmi :t Castleton de Chisewell streete London Cordwinder et Abraham' Darbell ยง de Frogmorton streete London tonsor' usque prox' Sessionem Pads pro Civitate London tenend' ad respond' etc. Sub pena part' principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' Ll1' quas etc. si etc. [Signed] John Frederick To Keepe the Kings peace etc. And also to be of ye good behavior Defalt' fecitll etc. being Papists etc. (f)

(g)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Vandermewlin to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod XXVlo die Martii Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secund' nunc Angl' XXXlo Coram me Johanne Frederick .... [as recognizance (f) above] venit Petrus Vandermewlin de Adams Court in Broadstreete London Lymner et traditur in ballio Thome Verbecke de eadem Mercator' et David Allemand de paroch' Sandi Clement Eastchepe Broker usque pro x' S~ssionem Pads .... Sub pena part' principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' LIl' quas etc. si etc. [Signed] John Frederick To Keepe his Maties peace et<;. & to be of ye good behavior Defalt' fecit etc. being a Papist etc. (h) [Recognizance for the appearance of Giles Fox to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod XXVlo die Martii Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secund' nunc Angl' XXXlo Coram me J ohanne Frederick .... [as recognizance (f) above] venit Egidius Fox de Breadstreete London diamond cutter et traditur in ball' Ricardi~ Gelling de S. Michael Crooked Lane Lond' mercator' et Edward' Druett de

*

The clerk has here omitted to record the sums of money in which the principal and sureties were bound-an oversight which of course complete,ly invalidated the recognizance, though no notice appears to have been taken of It. ~ Sic in MS. for venerunt. :t Sic in MS. for Willelmo. ยง ? or Darrell. \I Sic in MS. for fecerunt. Cf. Sessions Book, p. 239 in text. ~ Sic in MS. for Ricardo.


CHARLES ' II

SESSIONS FILE"

APRIL

1679

233

Queenstreete London Mercator' usque prox' Sessionem Pacis Sub pena part' principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' LIt' quas etc. si etc. , [Signed] John Frederick To Keepe the Kings peace etc. And also to bee of ye Good behavior etc. being a Papist etc. Comparuit

(j) [Recognizance for the appearance of Jasper Cloett to answer.] London ss; Memorand' quod XVII die MartH 1\nno Regni Regis Caroli Secund' nunc Angl' XXXlo Coram me Johanne Frederick .... [as recognizance (f)' above] venit Jaspar Cloett de paroch' Stl Bennett Finck London Jeweller et traditur in ball' J ohannis Bonner de Petty France London Jeweller et Edward' Stockdale de paroch' St Clement Danes in Com' Middlesex ' Jeweller usque prox' Sessionem' Pacis .... Sub pena partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' LIP quas etc. si etc. , [Signed] J obIt Frederick ' To Keepe his Mats peace etc. And also to be of ye Good behavior etc. being a Papist & refuseing to take ' ye Oathes of Allegiance & Comparuit Supremacy etc.

*

(k)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Anthony de Block to answer.] London 'ss. Memorand' quod XXVo die MartH Anno Regni Regis Caroli $ecund' nunc Angl' XXXlo CorClm me Johanne Frederick .... [as recognizance (f) above] venit Antonius de Block of Frogmorton streete London Ordinary Keeper et traditur in ball' Isaac' Doreslay de eadem gener' et Edward' Cooke de Threadneedlestreete London Vintner usque prox' Sessionem Pacis .... sub pena partis principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' LIP quas etc. si etc. [Signed] John Frederick To Keepe his Mats peace etc. And also to be of ye Good behavior etc. being a Papist & refuseing to take ye Oathes of Allegiance and Comparuit Supremacy etc. (1) [Recognizance for the appearance of Philip Cooke to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod undecimo die MartH Anno Regru D~mini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Angliae etc. tricesimo pruno coram me Georgio Jefireys Mil' Recordator' Civitat' London Ac uno Justic' Dicti Domini Regis [ad pacem]'" pro Civitat' predict' conservand' assignat' vener' Phillipus Cooke de paroch' Sancti Egidii in Campis in Com' Middlesex Glover Thomas Kedley de paroch' sancte Bridgitte London Victualler Robertus Turpin de Hatton Garden in paroch' Sancti Andree Holborne in Middlesex

* Sic in MS. for Johanni.

, .,. The words ad pacem are omitted in MS.


234

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

1679

pred' Bricklayer et Thomas Williamson de paroch' sancte Bridgitte pred' Taylor in propriis person is suis, et predictus Phillipus Cook recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi summam Centu' librar' legalis monete Anglie Et predicti Thomas Kedley Robertus* et Thomas vVilliamson et quilibet eor' separatim Recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi Summam quinquaginta librar' legalis monete Anglie de bonis et Catallis terris et tenementis suis ad opus Dicti Domini Regis levand' etc. Sub condicione quod si ipse predictus Philippns Cook personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Quarterial' Session' Pacis pro Civitat' pred' tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim se bene gesserit etc. quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [Signed] Geo: Jeffreys Recordr By Order of Court haveing refused the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy Comparuit (2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 30 APRIL, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

(a)

[Indictment of James Douglas for seditious words.] Po se Cul' fin' LIP Et Comitt-it ur etc. Et inven' bon' m' de se bene gerend' etc. 'fc London ss. Jur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' present ant quod Jacobus Douglas nuper de London Yeoman Timorem Dei in Corde suo non habens nec debit' Ligeanc' sue ponderans sed Instigacione Diabolica mot' et seduct' Machinansque et malitiose intendens dictum Dominum Regem nunc Supremu' et naturalem Dominum suu' et J acobu' Ducem Munmouth fil' suu' naturalem in maximu' odiu' malevolenc' et Contempt' apud omnes subditos suos inducere Machinansque ulterius atque intendens Seditionem et rebellion em infra hoc Regnu' Angl' movere suscitare et procurare Ac Cordial' dileccionem et vera' et debit' obedientia' quam veri et fideles subdit' dicti Domini Regis erga ipsum Dominum Regem gererent et de iure gerere tenentUl' penitus detrahere delere et extinguere et ad ill' nephandissimas imaginaciones intenciones et proposita sua predicta perimplend' et perficiend' Idem Jacobus Douglas vicesimo tertio die Februarii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei defensor' etc. tricesimo primo apud London videlicet in paroch' sancti Jacobi Garlickhith in ward' de Vintrey London pred' ex sua Diabolica mente et imaginacione de et contra prefat' Dominum Regem Carolu' secundum nunc Regem supremu' et naturalem Dominum suu' in auditu divers or' Ligeor' et Subditor' dicti Domini Regis adtunc et ibidem presen' falso malitiose nequiter seditiose et advisate dixit propalavit et publicavit quod Dux Monmouth (pred' honorabil' Jacobu' Ducem Munmouth fil' prefat' Domini

*'fc The surname is here omitted in MS. "He puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]; Tut'pin

Ang.:

[he is found] guilty, is fined iso, and is committed etc. [i.e. to prison till the fine be paid] and is [then] to find good mainprize for his good behaviour etc."


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

' APRIL 1679

235

*

Regis innuendo) Spur' fuit Et speravit quod null' Spur' un quam Regnaret hic (Infra hoc Regnu' Angl' innuendo) Et quod fuit nulla Conspiracio (Conspiracionem contra vitam Prefat' Domini Regis pro qua divers' proditores Attinct' et suspens' fuer' innuendo) ac quod Quidem Stigmatici ang ce Rogues de ead' movebant ipsum Dominum Regem ang Ce Putt the same into the Kings head (Conspiracionem pred' innuendo) Et quod Edmundus Berry Godfrey miles seipsum suspensit Et quod fatres tfc sui excogitabant ang Ce Contrived quod credit' fuit ang Ce to make itt beleeved quod murdrat' fuit pro preservacione substantie sue Et quod Dominus Rex (prefat' Dominum Regem nunc innuendo) Perturbat' fuit quod due Persone execut' fuer' ea occasione Et quod fact' fuit ad satisfaciend' populu' Et Persone pred' Innocent' fuer' Ea intencione et proposit' ad Cordialem Amorem debit' fidelitat' et Ligeanc' omniu' Ligeor' et Subditor' dicti Domini Regis ab ipso Domino Rege retrahend' Et sedicion' inter prefat' Ligeos et Subditos eiusdem Domini Regis contra ipsum Dominum Regem nunc Suscitare et movere Contra Ligeanc' sue debit' In maIu' Exemplu' omniu' al' in Consimili casu delinquen' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. [Endorsed] Billa Vera [Inquisition-post-mortem on John Adlam alias Ayleworth, ~ prisoner in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio indentat' capt' pro serenissimo Domino Rege apud Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate scituat' in paroch' Ecclesie Christi in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' die Lune scilicet decimo septimo die Martii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo primo Cora' Johanne Robotham Generos' Coronat' Domini Regis pro Civitat' London super visu' Corporis cuiusda' Johannis Adlam alias Ayleworth adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per Sacramentum Ricardi Stokson Willelmi Barrs Stephani Bentley Willelmi Crouch Ephraim Lewis Edwardi Lambe Henr' Eaton Georgii Cooke Willelmi Mereday J ohannis Scott Rugon' Gardner et Willelmi Newland probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem iurat' et onerat' existen' ad Inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege quando ubi qualT et quomodo pre fat , Johannes Adlam alias Ayleworth ad mortem sua' devenit dicunt super Sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Johannes Adlam alias Ayleworth qui antetunc Comiss' fuit ad Gaol' de Newgate pred' pro suspic' alt' prodicionis et postea convict' et attinct' pro offens' pred' postea scilicet dicto die Lune scilicet decimo septimo d~e Martii Anno Tricesimo primo supradicto adtunc in dicta Gaol' dlcti Domini Regis de Newgate pred' ex visitacione Dei natural' (b)

*

The scribe has omitted here the brackets within which these" innuendos" in indictments are regularly enclosed. ~ Sic in MS. for fratres. = A Benedictine, arrested in Middlesex, and condemned to death 25 Nov. 16 78, for priesthood. Cf. 1~I.C.R., (vol. iv, and Douai .Magazine, vol. vi, March, 1931.


236

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

APRIL

r679

mortem obiit Et sic Jur' pred' super Sacramentum suu' pi-ed' dicunt quod pred' Johannes Adlam alias Ayleworth adtunc et ibidem modo et forma pred' ad mortem sua' devenit et non aliter nec aliquo alio modo ad notic' eorundem Jur' In cuius rei Testimoniu' tam prefat' Coron' quam Jur' pred' huic Inquisicioni Sigilla sua apposuer' die Anno et loco primo supradictis per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' London pred' (c)

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Mathew Medbume and Edward Preston, prisoners in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio Indentat' capt' .... [as preceding inquisition] die J ovis scilicet vicesimo die Martii Anno .... Tricesimo primo Cora' Johanne Robotham Generos' Coronat' .... super visu' Corporis' cuiusdam Mathei Medburne et Edwardi Preston adtunc et ibidem mortui iacen' per Sacramentum Willelmi Newman Fisher Hatley Brian Clarke Petri Strange Ricardi Buttler Walter Burrell Ellis Griggs Caroli Lingwood Willelmi Samber Edwardi Carsinore Johannis Willford Willelmi Pemblebury et Johannis Topham probor' et legaliu' hominu' .... qui .... iurat' et onerat' existen' ad Inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege quando ubi qualr et quomodo prefat' Matheus Medboume et Edwardus Preston ad mortem sua' devenit dicunt super Sacramentum suu' pred' quod pred' Matheus Medbourne et Edwardus Preston qui antetunc Comiss' fuit ad Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pred', pred' Matheus Medbourne pro suspic' felon' et alte prodition':t et pred' Edwardus Preston pro felon' Convict' et Attinct' postea scilicet dicto die Jovis scilicet vicesimo die Martii Anno Tricesimo primo supradicto in dicta Gaol' ex visitacione Dei natural' mortem obiit Et sic Jur' pred' super sacramentum suu' pred' dicunt quod pred' Matheus Medbourne et Edwardus Preston adtunc et ibidem modo et forma pred' ad mortem sua' devenit .... per me Johannem Robotham Coronat' London pred'

*

*

Medburne was a Middlesex prisoner, committed to Newgate (26 October, 1678) on suspicion of complicity in the Oates Plot (cf. M.C.R., vol. iv). Preston was likewise a Middlesex prisoner of whom, however, I can find no record in M.C.R. Other inquisitions on Newgate prisoners in this file: (a) Taken March 15th, 1678/9, on the body of Robert Thompson, a prisoner" pro suspic' felon'," who died a natural death on the said March 15th, " ex visitacione DeL" (b) Taken April 15th, 1679, on the body of John Hersey, a prisoner" pro suspic' felon'," who died a natural death on the said April 15th, " ex visitacione Dei." Thompson and Hersey were Middlesex prisoners (no record in M.C.R.). Another inquisition occurs; on John Newling, a London prisoner (probably a burglar), who died March 24th, 1678/9. , Sic in MS. for corporum. So also below, mortui for mortuorum, devenit for devenerunt, Comiss' juit for Comiss' j1terunt, obiit for obierunt. :t .. for suspicion of felony and high treason." Medbourne, therefore, had not been arraigned . '


CHARLES

II

SESSIONS FILE

(d)

. APRIL 1679

237

[Newgate Calendar, entitled London ss. A true and perfect Kallender of all the Prisonrs in Newgate for Felonies & Trespasses the 30th day of Aprill 1679 "; inter alia.] Bailed by ye said }John Aurney* Comd by Sr George Jeffreys Knt Sr George 23 Apr' Recorder of the Citty of London 1679 for speaking of Treasonable words & being a very dangerous person & for want of sureties for his appearance at the next sessions of the peace Dat' 21° April' 1679' it

[Sub-section on calendar, entitled" London Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] Ad inven' bon' m' nd' James Douglasse for seditious words etc. cora'Magistro To find baile before the Recordatore ad Ld Maior etc. to apComparend' ad prox' peare at ye next SesDel' Gaol' etc. ad I sions of the peace for respond' etc. Et non London etc. for ye deced' etc. Et interim County of Kent de se bene gerend' etc. J Del' Phillip Cooke{ Repr' to their severall form r orders etc. :t

11

B. (1)

SESSIONS BOOK, APRIL, 1679.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 28 APRIL, 1679.

(a)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] 5 .7. Respur per Cur' Quousque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. § 9.2.78" Susanna Detton de Ivy lane London vid' ans' Comparuit & traditur in Ball' Jonathan Gawthorne de Towerhill Furrier et J ohanni Ryder de Paulswharffe Brazier

* Probably a victim of Oates.

I can find no further record of this case.

If Beneath this entry occurs the following (in the hand of the clerk of the court): delivered Mary Saintbard brought from Bridewell :t Repr' etc. This note refers to Cooke and five other prisoners bracketed with him in the original. § Ang.: "On May 5 th [1679] she is respited by the Court until the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, to answer etc." n I.e., December 9th, 1678. This marginal note gives the date when Susanna Detton was last bound over: c/. p. 212 in text.


238

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

1679

usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque Pleg' pred' LIP Johannes Blake de paroch' sancte Kathans' erine Coleman Mercator Comparuit 0> tradit Ul' in ball' Thome Rutty de Lumberdstreete mercer et Henr' Wright de Clements Lane Draper ~tsq~te prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. sub pena partis principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' Lll' Mathias Bartholemew de paroch' sancti ans' Jacobi Dukes place Mercator Comparuit 0- traditUl' in ball' Raduljo Izard de paroch' Sancte Hellene Grocer et Granado Chester ibidem Grocer usque prox' ... . [as over Bartholemew] Sub pena partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' LIi' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti J ohanans' nis Baptiste Mercator De/, fee' Petrus Busler de paroch' sancti Gregorii ans' Lond' Generos' Comparuit & traditur in ball' Roberto Wheateley de eod' loco* Brewer 0Jacobo Acourte de paroch' sancti Du-nstani in occiden' Coq'uo usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Bartholemew] sub pena partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' 5011' Andreas Crumbleton de paroch' sancti ans' Sepulchri

5 . 7 . Comparuit & traditur in ball' Thome Kidley de paroch' sancte Bride Vict' & Thome Williamson de ead' Tobacconist usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session pacis ••.• [as over Bar-

* I.e.,

the parish of St. Sepulchre (Crumbleton's parish).

Papist


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

1679

tholemew] sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Philippus Cooke de paroch' sancti Egidii ans' in Campis in Midd' Glover Comparuit & traditur in ball' Jacob' Foote de Frogmorton streete Lapidary et J ohanni Odlin de Lothbury III erchant usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis . . . . [as over Bartholemew] sub pena partis principal' Cll' & utriusque pleg' LIt' Antonius de Blocke de Frogmortonstre~te ans' London Ordinary Keeper Comparuit & traditur in ball' Johanni Bonner de Pettyfranee Jeweller 'usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pads .... [as over BartholemewJ sub pena utriusque eor' LIt' Jasper Cloett de paroch' sancti Benedicti ans' Finck Lond' Jeweller

239

Papist

Papist

Papist

5 . 7 . Comparuit & traditur itt ball' Ricardo Jelly de paroch' sancti Michaelis Crookedlane Mercator' & Adamo Crumpton de Colemanstreete Factor' usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pads .. .. [as over Bartholemew] sub pena partis principal' Cll' <5utriusque pleg' SOli' Egidius Fox de Broadstreete Diamondans' cutter

De/, fec' Petrus Vandennewlin de Adams courte in ans' Broadstreete Lymner De/, fec' Jacobus Verbecke de paroch' sancti Beneans' dicti Fincke ordinary Keeper Def' fec' Maria uxor eius - ans' Comparuit & traditur in ball' Beniamino Cletherow de Pettyfranee Turner et Ricardo Mosely de Leadenhall markett Coquo usque prox' General' Quarter-

Papist

Papist

Papist


240

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

r679

ial' Session' pacis. .... [as over Bartholemew] sub . pena partis principal' XLIi' et utriusque Pleg' pred XXll' Willelmus Hodson de paroch' sancti Bot-:. ans' tolphi extra Bishoppsgate

Papist

*

30 .6. Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' pre/at' .W illelmo M olins '0- J aco.bo M ullins de paroch' Sancte Bride L ondon ' . Chirurg' usque prox' General' Quarter.' ial' Session' pacis .... [as over Bartholemew] sub pena utriusque M' 1)1' ~~ Maria Molins uxor vVillelmi Molins ans' 5 . 7 . r679 . Comparuit et cepit sacramenta supremac' & Allegianc' Et Exur etc. =. Thomas Cheverall ans' 5 . 7 . Comparuit & traditur in ball' Roberto Whitjeild de paroch' sancti Martini in Campis Gener' 0- David Floyd de eod' loco yeoman usque prox' (;eneral' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Bartholemew] sub pena Cli' & Lll" Jacobus Pemberton de paroch' sancti Marans' tini Ludgate Founder

G.B.ยง

Comparuit 0- exo ur etc. Smyth

~argareta

ans' (b) [Appeared and bailed in court at this Sessions.] Franciscus Pritchard de Angell streete wyerdrawer tra- Existens dit ur in ball' Petro Floyer de Steyn- Papisticus ing lane Aurifabr' & David Floyd de Whitecrosse streete wiredrawer usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pads ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. sub pena Cll ' & LIt'

*, ISub,e., pen April 30th [1679]. a tttriusque m' Vi' =" under pain of ยฃ50 from each mainperno(' For the technical distinction between bail and mainprize see Introd., p. XXVllL :t Ang.: "On May 5 th , 1679, he appeared and took the oaths of supremacy and allegiance; and he is discharged etc." ยง I .e., " Good Behaviour."


CHARLES II (2)

SESSIONS BOOK

APRIL

1679

241

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 30 APRIL, I679.

[Among entries of trials at this Sessions.]* po se Cul' fin' LIl' Et Comitt1:t ur etc. se bene gerend' etc. ~

.

Et I nven' bon" m' de

Jacobus Douglas pro verbis sedic' XXII. (1)

A:

SESSIONS FILE, JUNE,

I679.

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 2 JUNE, 3I CHARLES II (I679).

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Matthew Turner to answer and of Martin Barnham to prosecute.] London ss. Mel' quod IIo die Junii Ano Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXlo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldennannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad p.ac' infra Civit' London conservand' assign' ven' Henr' Curtis de Eagle and Child Alley in Shoelane in paroch' sancti Andree Holborne London Pewterer & Johannes Phillipps d~ Milford Lane in paroch' sancti Clement' Dacor' in Com' Middles' Tailor Et manuceper' pro Matheo Turner videlicet utriusque Manucaptor' pred' XLIi' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via' recogn' sub condicione quod si pred' Matheus Turner personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pac' pro Civit' London tenend' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' quod tunc etc. al' etc. Md' quod die et Anno pred' cora' me ven' Martin Barnham de Little Brittaine London Bookeseller Et recogn' etc. XXl1 ' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via' recogn' sub condicione quod si pred' Martin Barnham personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pac' pro Civit' London tenend' ad prosequend' legem cu' effectu versus predict' Matheu' Turner in causa transgr' quod tunc etc. aI' etc. [Signed] Wm Turner For being a Roman Catholike and taken in the Citty of London and refuseing to take the Oathes of Allegiance & Supremacye and De/alt' fecer' assaulting the said Martin Barnham 15 . I2 . Comparuit ~

*

Preceding this section, in a list of summoned persons who were bailed at . the present Sessions, occurs an entry stating that" Johannes Mazott de Bucklersbury mercator" appeared and was delivered in bail to Christopher Guyves (or GnyvesJ "de eadem Druggist" and to Nicholas Garrett" de Eishoppsgatestreete, Weaver" for his (Mazott's) appearance at the next Gaol Delivery to answer certain charges against him; under pain of ÂŁ40 from Mazott and ÂŁ20 from the two sureties . . The Sessions Book gives further the record of Mazott's appearance at the saId next Gaol Delivery (June), when he was discharged by the court. The ~atur.e of the charge is nowhere stated. John Mazott is no doubt to be ~dentified with the Catholic of that name and address who figures elsewhere m these records. , Cf. head of indictment, p. 234, and note. Ang.: "They [i.t ., Turner and BarnhamJ made default [with regard

=

P


242

CItARLES It

SESSIoNS FILE

JUNE

r679

(b) [Recognizance for the appearance of Charles Maule to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod decimo octavo dieMaii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Angliae etc. tricesimo primo coram mee [sic] Georgio Jeffreys mil' Recordator' Civitat' London ac un' Justiciarior' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem pro Civitat' pred' conservand' assign' ven' Carolus Maule de paroch' sancte [Marie] Alderman Bury London Joyner Josephus Foster in [sic] paroch' sancti Bartholomi magni Innholder et Willelmus F oort de paroch' sancti Bartholomi minor' Cutler in propriis person is suis et predictus Carolus Maule recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi summam Centum librar' legalis monet' Angliae et predicti Josephus Foster et Willelmus Foort et uterque eor' separatim recogn' se debere dicta Domino Regi summam quinquaginta librar' legalis monet' Angliae de bonis et Cat allis Terris et Tenementis suis ad opus dicti Domini Regis levand' etc. Sub condicione quod si ipse predictus Carolus Maule personaliter comparuerit ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civitat' pred' tenend' ad respondend' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim se bene gesserit etc. quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [signed] Geo: Jeffreys Recordr For enterteyning suspicious persons privately in his house supposed (det) ~ De/alt' fecit to be Papists (c) [Recognizance for the appearance of Stonar Crouch to answer.] London ss. Md' quod duodecimo die Maii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Anglie etc. tricesimo primo Stonar Crouch de Staple Inn London Generos' Johannes Ince de Fenchurchstreete London Generos' et Renricus Smith de Aldermanbury Phannacopaeia in propr' person' suis ven' coram me Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civits London et un' Justiciar' etc. Et tunc et ibidem dictus Stonar Crouch recogn' se debere Dicta Domino Regi Cll' legalis etc. levari etc. Et dicti Johannes Ince et Renricus Smith recognover' se et ear' utrumque per se deb ere dicto Domino Regi Lll' legalis etc. levari etc.

*

to the Sessions of June, 1679]. At the Sessions of October 15 th , 1679, he [i.e., Turner] appeared." An attempt, however, has evidently been made to erase the words Defalt' fecer' in MS. It is certain that neither Turner nor Barnham technically defaulted " at the present Sessions. This is proved from the Sessions Book (cf. p. 254), where Barnham is definitely stated to have appeared (comparuit) and where, over Turner's name, occurs the note 15 . 12 . Comparuit &> traditu11 in ballium (not Defaltamfecit, as would certainly have been written had he made true default "). With regard to Turner, therefore, it is clear that although he attended the court neither at this Sessions nor at any time until October 15th, 1679, his failure to appear during this period was not regarded as a formal default," but that his bona fide inability to appear was in some way intimated to the justices, who thereupon excused him. It is also clear that the clerk was not immediately informed of the reasons for Turner's non-appearance-indeed, it would seem probable that he remained ignorant of the circumstances until quite late in the current Se 'sions, ' for records of the default" were actually entered in the Estreats of Forfeitures Book, but were subsequently deleted. Cf. p. 253 and note. The word Marie is omitted in MS. ~ The significance of det is doubtful; possibly decessit (" left Lo~don " or "is dead "). In any case, the fact that the word is bracketed 111 MS. seems to indicate that the scribe regarded it as an error. II

II

II

II

*


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

243

Condicio etc. Quod si dictus Stonar Crouch personaliter comparebit ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civit e London tenend' etc. ad respond' etc. Et interim se bene gesser' erga dictum Dominum Regem et cunctum populum suu' Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [signed] Ja: Edwards Major Crouch being a Papist & continueing in London contrary to his Mats Proclamacion of Comparuit 4to Maii 1679 (d) [Recognizance for the appearance of William Adams and John Bellamy to prosecute Francis Rockely.] London ss. Md' quod decimo nono die Maii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi nunc Regis Anglie etc. Tricesimo primo in propr' personis suis vener' cora' me Jacobo Edwards mil' Maior' ejusdem Civitat' ac un' Justiciar' ejusdem Civitat' ad pacem conservand' Willelmus Adams de paroch' sancte 'Bridgitte scissor & Johannes Bellamy de Sancti Martin' Ironmonger Lane Gener' Et tunc et ibidem recognover' se Et eor' utrum que separatim debere dicto Domino Regi 4011' legalis etc. levari etc. Sub condicio' quod personal' comparebunt ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civitat' London tenend' etc. ad prosequend' versus Franciscum Rockely Et abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Ja: Edwards MaioI' F or speaking severall words tending to the great derogation of the Kings Evidences concerning the Comparuer' Plott (e) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Blake to answer.] London ss. Md' quod XIXo dieMaii Ano Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Ang!' etc. XXXlo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civit' Lond' conservand' assign' ven' Marcus Proudfoot de Harpe Lane in Tower streete Mercator Jonathan Edwin de Ludgate streete bookeseller et Willelmus Mather de paroch' sancti Bottolphi Aldgate Dyer Et manuceper' pro J ohanne Blake videlicet utriusque manucaptor' pred' Cll' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via' recogn' Sub Condicione quod si pred' Johannes Blake personal!' comparuerit ad prox' Session' pac' pro Civit' London tenend' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. quod tunc etc. aI' etc. [signed] Wm Turner For his good behavior hee being A Roman Catholike haveing not taken the Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacye and remaineing in Comparuit the City of London in contempt of his lVIat yes Proclamacion

*

*

I can ,find no. further reference to Rockely in these records. Possibly he was a Mlddlesex prisoner in Newg'ate, but there is no mention of him in M.C.R.


244

CHARLES II

"(2)

SESSlONS FILE

JUNE

1679

SESSIONS OF NEW GATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 5 JUNE, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Mary White to give evidence against Richard Langhorne.] Middlesex ss. 'f Memorand' quod Duodecimo Die Novembr' Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi etc. Tricesimo primo ven' Maria White De Brick lane in Hambleto De Bednall in Com' pred' Spinster & cog' se Debere Dicto Domino Reg' Centu' libr' Thomas Troy De eadem Textor quinquagint' libr' & Willelmus Broad De eadem Frameworkcutter quinquagint' libr' legalis monet' Angl' De bon' & Cattall' ter' & tent' suis fieri & levari ad opus Dicti Domini Regis si Defecerint Condicione sequent' That the Sd Mary White Doe personally appere in his Matles Court where one Richard Langhorne Shall bee brought to Tryall. And there give in Evidence ag t him. Comparuit = [signed] Jo. Underwood

*

(b)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Peter Maria Mazzentine to answer.] London ss. Petro Maria Mazzentine de paroch' sancti Martini in Campis in Com' Middlesex Recogn' se debere Domino Regi .......................... 10011' ] ohannes Chaliner de eadem paroch' Scriptor Recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi .................... 5011' Andreas Goreden de paroch' & Com' pred' Recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi .................... 5011 ' The Condicion of this Recogn' above written is such that if the abovenamed Petro Maria Mazzentine doe personally appeare at the next Sessions & Gaole Delivery of N ewgate to be holden in the Old Bayley for the Cittie of London there to answare to wt shall be objected agt him, he being suspected to be a Romish Preist, then this Recogn' to be voyde Capt' & cogn' 29 0 Mali 1679 coram [signed] Will' Scroggs Comparuit (c)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Miles Prance to prosecute and give evidence against Charles Parris.] London ss. Md' quod Illo dieMaii Ano regni Caroli secundi nunc

*

This was Richard Langhorne, junior, a Middlesex prisoner in Newgate from I November, 1678, until some time between 15 January and 26 February, 1679/80, within which period he was set at liberty (Newgate calendars: Middlesex Guildhall archives). He was suspected of complicity in the Oates Plot, but the Middlesex records contain no indictment against him, nor can I find that he was ever brought to trial. 'f The presence of a lo,/Iiddlesex recognizance of November on this London file for June is an instance, rare at this period, of official carelessness. Incidentally, it proves that the file was constructed considerably later than t~e Sessions to which the documents appertain. There are signs that such tardiness was not uncommon in the period covered by this book. "She appeared" -probably at the Sessions beginning 10 Dece~ber, 1679 (i.e., the G.D. Sessions immediately following the taking of thiS recognizance) .

=


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

245

Angl' etc. XXXIo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pac' infra Civit' London conservand' assign' ven' Miles Prance de Princes Streete in Comon* Garden in Com' Middles' Goldsmyth Et recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi summa' Cll' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via'recogn' Sub condicione quod si pred' Miles Prance personalr comparuerit ad prox' Session' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civit' London tenend' ad prosequend' legem cu' effectu et dand' Evidenc' ex parte dicti Domini Regis versus quenda' CaroIu' Parris in causa felon' quod tunc etc. al' etc. [signed] Wm Turner Being charged by the said Miles Prance to be a Romish Preist & Comparuit taken wthin the City of London (d) [Indictment of Richard Langhorne, senior, for complicity in Oates's" popish plot."]' po se Cul' Ca' n~tll' Trahat ur super Riga' ~ usque ad furcas de Tiborne Et ibidem Suspendat ur per Coll' Et viv~ts super Terra' prosternat ur Ac quod interiora sua extra ventrem suu' CaPiant ur Ipsoque vivente Combu,rent Ul' Et quod Cap~tt suu' amputet ur Quodque Corpus suu' in quatuor partes Dividat ur Et quod Caput et quarter' ill' ponantur u,bi Dominus Rex ea assignare voluer£t etc. § London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' present ant quod Ricardus Langhorne Sen' nuper de London Armiger ut falsus Proditor illustrissimi serenissimi et excellentissimi Principis Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Supremi et naturalis Domini

* Sic in MS. for Covent.

t It is curious that hitherto, from the time of his arrest on October 7th, 16 78, Blessed Richard Langhorne had been regarded by the gaol clerk as a M'tddlesex prisoner, his name being entered in each successive Newgate calendar for Middlesex until this date, and never in the corresponding calendars for London. A possible explanation of this inconsistency lies in that fact that although Langhorne was a London man (of St. Dunstan's in the West), the" Plot" with which he was charged was supposed to have been hatched in Middlesex. C/. lVI.C.R., vol. iv. The use of the term biga in place of claia (a medieval Latin word for a hurdle) is noticeable in sentences for treason on London and Middlesex i~dic~ments in the reign of Charles II. In this connection, the meaning of b£ga IS clearly" an object drawn by tvlO horses," and not speci:fi.cally " a tw.o-horsed car or chariot" (its classical meaning). There is contemporary e.vldence that the Catholic martyrs during Oates's plot were drawn to Tyburn, hke their predecessors, on a hurdle or "sledge." Cf." The Caryll Letter"; ' Month , March, 1933. ~ Ang.: "He puts himself [' not guilty' on a jury of his country]; [he IS found] guilty; [he has] no chattels [for forfeiture to the Crown]; [it is decreed] that he be drawn on a hurdle to the gallows of Tyburn and there be hanged .by the neck, and, whilst yet alive, be thrown upon the ground, and that hIS entrails be taken out of his belly and, he still living, be burnt, and that his head be cut off and his body be divided into four p~s, and that those h~ad and quarters be placed where the Lord the King shall be pleased to appomt etc." Cf. p. 2 5 2 and note .

=


246

SESSIONS FILE

CHARLES II

JUNE

1679

sui Timorem Dei in Corde suo non habens nec debitum Ligeanc' sue ponderans sed Instigadone Diabolica mot' et seduct' Cordialem dileccionem et vera' debitam et naturalem Obedientiam (quas veri et fideles subditi dicti Domini Regis erga ipsum Dominum Regem gererent et de iure gerere tenent Ul') penitus Subtrahens et divisans et totis viribus suis Intendens pacem et communem Tranquillitatem huius regni Ang!' perturbare ac veru' Dei Cult urn infra hoc Regnu' Ang!' usitat' et lege stabilit' evert ere et sedition' et rebellion' infra hoc Regnu' AngI' movere incitare et procurare et Cordialem dileccionem et veru' debitum et Obedientiam quas veri et fideles subditi dicti Domini Regis erga dictum Dominum Regem gererent et de iure gerere tenent ur subtrahere relinquere et extinguere Tricesimo die Septembris Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Ang!' Scoc' Franc' et Hibemie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo apud London videlicet in paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occidente in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' falso malitiose subdole et proditorie cum multis aliis falsis Proditor' dicti Serenissimi Domini Regis nunc (Jur' pred' Ignot') proposuit Compassavit imaginat' fuit intendebat Consuluit et agreavit seditionem et Rebellionem infra hoc Regnu' Ang!' Contra dictum Dominum Regem nunc suscitare et stragem miserabilem inter subditos dicti Domini Regis nunc huius Regni Angl' procurare et causare et dictum Serenissimu' Dominum Regem nunc a Regali statu titulo potestate Regimine Regni sui Ang!' totaliter deprivare deponere deiicere et exheredare et [? ipsum] dictum Dominum Regem ad mortem et finalem destruccionem ducere et ponere et Gubernacionem huius Regni Angl' subvert ere et alterare et veru' et sinceru' Dei Cultum in hoc Regno Angl' lege stabilit' ~t usitat' alterare et statum totius huius regni Angl' in omnibus s1,lis partibus bene institut' totaliter subvert ere et destruere Et Bellu' infra hoc Regnu' Angl' contra dictum Dominum Regem nunc procurare et levare Et ad easdem nephandissimas prodiciones proditor' Imaginaciones proposiciones Compassacion' et agreamenta pred' perficiend' et perimplend' ipse pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet dicto Trieesimo die Septembris Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo supradicto et divers' al' temporibus antea apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' faIso advisate malitiose subdole et proditorie Composuit Invenit ang ce did Contrive et scripsit duas Epistolas ang ce Letters mittend' quibusda' personis Jur' pred' Ignot' usque ad Civitat' Rome et usque ad quenda' locu' ang ce vocat' st Omers in partibus transmarinis ad procurand' adherentiam auxiliu' et assistantiam Pape Romane et Regis Gallici et al' personar' sibi prefat' Ricardo Langhorne et al' falsis proditor' dicti Domini Regis pred' (Jur' ignot') veru' Dei Cultum in hoc Regno Ang!' lege Stabilit' et usitat' ad superstitionem Ecc1esie Romane alterare Et Gubernacionem huius regni Angl' Subvert ere Et dictum Dominum Regem ad mortem et finalem destruccionem ducere et ponere Et quod ipse pred' Ricardus Langhorne in ulteriori persecucion' prodicion' ct proditor' imaginacion' intencion' ~ et agreamenta sua pred' die et

*

* One word illegible in MS.

~

The word intencion' is interlined in MS ,


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

247

Anno supradictis et pred' aliis temporibus antea apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' Composuit Invenit ang ce did Contriv:e et scripsit duas a!' Epistolas ang ce Letters mitt end' usque ad Romam pred' in partibus transmarinis cuidam Christophero Anderton tunc Rectori Collegii anglicani apud Roma' pred' et duas alias Epistolas mittend' usque ad pred' locu' ang ce vocat' st Omers pred' in partibus transmarinis divers' person is ibidem residen' (Jur' pred' Ignot') Et per prefat' Epistolas respective Proditorie advisavit dictam* Papam et eosdem Christopheru' Anderton et at' personas sic ut prefert ur (J ur' pred' Ignot')' et in partibus transmarinis residen' de viis et mediis ang ce meanes habendis perficiendi dictas nephandissimas prodiciones pro alteracione veri Dei Cultus in hoc Regno Anglie Stabilit' et usitat' ad Ecclesie Romane superstitionem et pro subvercione Gubemacionis huius regni Angl' et pro morte et destruccion' dicti Domini Regis Et ea intencione quod pred' Christoferus Anderton et at' Ignot' Person' auxiliu' assistentiam et adherentia' procurarent sibi pred' Ricardo Langhorne et aI' falsis Proditor' in hoc regno Ang!' (Jur' pred' Ignot') ad alterand' veru' Dei Cultu' pred' ad Romane Ecclesie superstitionem et ad subvert end' Gubernacionem huius regni Ang!' pred' Et ad dictum Dominum Regem ad mortem et destruccionem ponend' Et quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet die et Anno supradict' apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' proditorie deliberavit Epistolas pred' mittend' eisdem Christofero Anderton et al' personis in partibus transmarinis ad proposita proditoria pred' perficiend' Et Juratores pred' ulterius super sacramentum suu' pred' Djcunt quod predictus Ricardus Langhorne ulterius ad easdem nefandissimas prodiciones proditorias Imaginaciones proposicion' Compassadones suas pred' perimplend' et perficiend' postea scilicet dicto Tricesimo die Septembris Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo supradicto apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' Quinque Comission' Inscript' fact' per Authoritat' derivat' a sede Romana pro Constituend' Officiar' Militar' pro Conduccione Turmar' ang ce forces in hoc regno Angl' contra dictum Dominum Regem nunc Levand' pro alteracione Religionis vere Protestane:t reformat' ad usum et superstition' Ecclesie Romane et pro subvercione Gubernacion' huius regni Angl' proditorie recepit Et Quinque al' Comission' inscript' fact' per Authoritat' derivat' a sede Romana pro Constituend' Officiar' Civiles pro Gubernacione huius regni Angl' postquam nefandissimas prodiciones et proditorias imaginaciones proposicion' et Compassaciones suas pred' perimplissent [sic] et perfecissent adtunc et ibidem proditorie recepit Et quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet die et Anno ult' supradict' apud London p~ed' in paroch' et ward' pred' separal' Comission' illas sic recept' dIvers' falsis proditor' subdit' dicti Domini Regis nunc Jur' pred' Ignot' falso scienter et proditorie destribuit dedit et disposuit ad Constituend' Officiar' tam Militar' quam Civiles ad proposita

*, The Sic in MS. for dictum. brackets occurring here in MS. are an error on the part of the scribe. = Sic in MS. for Protestantis.


248

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

proditoria pred' Et quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet die et anna ult' supradict' apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' un' al' Comission' Constituere et authorizare ipsum pred' Ricardum Langhorne fore advocat' General' Exercitus ad Beliu' pred' contra dictum Dominum Regem gerend' in hoc regno Angl' levand' falso proditorie et contra Ligeanc' sue debitum a quadam persona Jur' pred' Ignot' claman' authoritat' concedendi Comission~ in ea parte a sede Romana recepit et habuit et Comission' ill' adtunc et ibidem falso advisate et proditorie inspexit perlegit et in possessione sua Custodivit Et ad eandem Comissionem adtunc et ibidem falso scienter advisate et proditorie Consensit et assensu' suu' adtunc et ibidem proditorie dedit Ea Intencione quod ipse pred' Ricardus Langhorne locu' et Officiu' advocat' General' Exercitus pred' haberet et exequeret ur quando exercitus pred' foret levat' contra dictum Dominum Regem per ipsum pred' Ricardum Langhorne et al' falsos proditor' dicti Domini Regis Jur' pred' Ignot' in Execucione proditor' Compassation' imaginacion' et agreamentor' pred' Et Jur' pred' super Sacramentum suu' pred' ulterius Dicunt quod cum Willelmus Ireland Johannes Grove et Thomas Pickering et al' falsi Proditor' subdit' Domi.l"li Regis J ur' pred' Ignot' vicesimo Quarto die Aprilis Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo supradicto apud parochiam sancti Egidii in Campis in Com' Midd' proditorie Consultaverunt inter se dictum Serenissimu' Dominum Regem nunc ad mortem et finalem destruccion em ducere et ponere et Religionem in hoc Regno Angl' reete et lege stabilit' ad superstition' Ecclesie Romane mutare et alterare Ipse pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet dicto Tricesimo die Septembris Anno regni dicti Domini Regis Tricesimo supradicto apud London pred' videlicet in pred' paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' de Consult acione pred' nobcia' habuit et Consultacionem illam pro destruccione dicti Domini Regis et pro alteracione Religionis in hoc Regno recte stabilit' ad superstition' Ecclesie Romane et proditor' Agreament' in Consultacion' ill' habita contra dictum Dominum Regem nunc adtunc scilicet dicto Tricesimo die Septembris Anno Tricesimo supradicto ab eodem Domino Rege advisate et proditorie Concelavit et ad Consultacionem illam dicto die et Anno ult' supradictis apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' proditorie Concensit et dictos Willelmum Ireland J ohannem Grove et Thoma' Pickering ad prodicion' pred' perpetrand' et perficiend', dicto die et Anno ult' supradictis apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' falso malitiose subdole et proditorie abettavit consuluit manutenuit et Comforlavit Et quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet dicto Tricesimo die Septembris Anno regni dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo supradicto apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' falso sub dole proditorie movit et solicitavit Monachos ang Ce vocat' the Benedictine Monckes quor' nomina eisdem J ur' ignot' existunt expendere et solvere summa' sex Mille librar' legalis monet' Angl'

*

* The Sic in MS. for consensit. words et perficiena' are interlined in MS. ~


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

r679

249

pro curare personam ad dictum Dominum Regem proditorie interficiend' et murdrand' Cumque quidam Edwardus Coleman et aI' falsi Proditores Subdit' dicti Serenissimi Domini Regis nunc Jurator' pred' Ignot' vicesimo nono die Septembris Anno Regni Dicti Domini Regis nunc Tricesimo apud parochiam sancte Margarete Westmr in Com' Midd' pred' proditorie Conspiravissent et Consultavissent inter se pro curare Rebellionem et sedition' infra hoc Regnu' Angl' contra dictum Dominum Regem et ipsum dictum Dominum Regem a Regali statu suo et Regimine huius regni Angl' deprivare et exheredare Et ipsum Dominum Regem ad mortem et finalem destruccionem ducere et ponere Et Gubernacionem huius regni Angl' alterare Et veram et sinceram Dei Religionem in hoc Regno lege stabilit' alterare et mutare Ac Cu' ipse pred' Edwardus Coleman proditorie scripsisset quatuor Epistolas cuidam Monseiur Ie Ches tunc Servo et Confessori Regis Gallici ad procurand' Assistentiam Auxiliu' et Adherentiam dicti Regis Gallici ad perficiend' et perimplend' proditorias Imaginaciones suas pred' ipse pred' Ricardus Langhorne postea scilicet dicto Tricesimo die Septembris Anno regni dicti Domini Regis Tricesimo supradicto apud London pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' (satis scien' materia' Proditoriam in eisdem Epistolis Content') ad Epistolas illas Consensit et adtunc et ibidem pred' Edwardum Coleman ad prodiciones suas pred' perpetrand' et perficiend' falso subdole advisate malitiose et proditorie abettavit Consuluit manutenuit et Comfortavit Contra debitum Ligeanc' sue Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. N ecnon Contra forma' Statui' in huiusmodi casu edit' et provis' etc. Titus Oates Willelmus Bedloe 'f4 [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(e) [Record of proceedings against Richard Langhorne, senior.] London ss. Memorand' quod Per quanda' Inquisicionem capt' pro Domini Rege apud J usticehall in Ie Old Bailey London in paroch' sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' die veneris scilicet Tertio decimo die Junii Anno regni Domini nostri Car' secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' & Hibernie regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo primo Cora' Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civitat' London Thoma Aleyn mil' et Baronett' Thoma Bludworth m~lit' Willelmo Turner mil' Aldermannis Civitat' et Georgio Jeffreys il' un' de Concilio Domini Regis erudit' in Lege ac Recordatore el~lsdem Civitat' ac aI' sociis suis J ustic' dicti Domini Regis Per L~~teras Paten' ipsius Domini Regis eisdem Justic' prenominat' et allis quibuscunque quatuor vel pluribus eor' sub magno sigillo dicti Domini Regis Angl' Confect' ad Inquirend' per sacramentum prob~r' et .legaliu' hominu' de Civitat' pred' ac aI' viis modis et mediis qUlbus melius sciver' aut poterint [sic] tam infra Libertat' quam â&#x20AC;˘ extra Per quos rei veritas melius sciri poterit de quibuscunque

n:

* The word Serenissimi is interlined in MS. , Witnesses for the prosecution.


250

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

r679

prodicionibus mispricionibus prodicion' Insurreccionibus rebellion ibus Controfactur' tonsur' lotur' falsis fabricacionibus & al' falsi tat' monet' huius regni Angl' et aI', Regnor' sive Dominior' quoruncunque ac de quibuscunque murdr' felon' Homicid' Interfeccionibus burglar' rapt' mulier' Congregacionibus conventkulis illicit' verbor' prolacionibus coadunacionibus mispricionibus confederacionibus falsis Allegianc' transgr' Riot' rout' retencionibus escapiis Contempt' oppressionibus ac de aI' articulis & offens' in eisdem Litteris Paten' dicti Domini Regis specificat' Necnon Accessar' eorundem infra Civitat' pred' tam infra libertat' quam extra Per quoscunque et qualitercunque habit' fact' Perpetrat' sive Comiss' ac de al' Articulis et Circumstanciis premissa seu eor' aliquod vel aliqua qualitercunque concen1en' plenius veritat' et ad easdem prodiciones et aI' premiss a audiend' & Terminand' secundum legem et Cons' huius regni Angl' assign' per sacramentum J ohannis Stowe Samuel' Barron Roberti Davy J ohannis Spencer Willelmi Truelocke J osephi Rogdale* Roberti Patten Thome Kilner Hugonis Horton Francisci Wilson Thome Watson Johannis Shelley Roberti Cowley Thome Jorden Johannis Rowe Roberti Hind et Abrahami Jesson' probor' & legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem Jurat' et onerat' exist en , ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege et Corpore Civitat' pred' existit presentat' quod Ricardus Langhorne sen' nuper de London Armiger et falsus Proditor .... [the preceding indictment against Richard Langhorne is here repeated, all notes being omitted] Per quod precept' est Vie' Civitat' pred' quod [non] ~ omitt' etc. Quin Caperent prefat' Rieardu' Langhorne si etc. Ad Respond' etc. Quodque postea scilicet Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall pred' in dicta Paroch' sancti Sepu1chri in Warda de Farringdon extra London pred' dicto die Veneris scilicet tertio decimo die J unii Anno Tricesimo primo supradicto Cora' prefat' Jacobo Edwards milit' Major' Civitat' London Willelmo Scroggs mil' Capitali J ustie' dicti Domini Regis ad placita coram' ipso Rege tenend' assign' ยง Francisco North mil' Capitali Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco II Willelmo Mountagu Capitali Baron' Scaccarii dieti Domini Regis Roberto Atkins mil' Balnei aI' Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco Thoma Jones mil' un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad placita coram ipso Domino Rege ten end' assign' Willelmo Dolbin mil' aI' Justic' dieti Domini Regis ad placita coram ipso Rege tenend' assign' Willelmo Ellis mil' aI' Justic' dicti Domini Regis de Banco Francisco Pemberton mil' a!' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad placita Cora' ipso Rege tenend' assign' Thoma Raymond un' Baron' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Edwardo Atkins mil' al' Baron' Scaccarii dicti Domini Regis Willelmo Jones Attornat' dicti Domini Regis General' Heneagio Finch mil' Solicitator' dieti Domini Regis General' Thoma Aleyn mil' et Baronett' Thoma Bludworth

*if4 The Spelt Ragdale in original Grand Jury panel (on this file). name of Abraham Jesson does not appear on the original panel. =

The word n01Z is omitted in MS . ยง I.e., Lord Chief Justice of King's Bench. I I.e., Lord Chief Justice of the Common Bench (Common Pleas).


SESSIONS FILE

CHARLES II

JUNE

1679

251

mil' Willelmo Turner mil' et Georgio Waterman mil' Aldermannis Civitat' pred' et Georgio Jeffreys mil' un' de Concilio dicti Domini Regis erudit' in Lege ac Recordatore eiusdem Civitat' ac al' sociis suis Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad Gaol' sua' de Newgate de Prisonar' in ea existen' Deliberand' assign' Deliberacio Gaol' pred' adtunc et ibidem Adiornat' est per prefat' Justic' dieti Domini Regis hic usque diem Sabbati scilicet Quartu' decimu' diem eiusdem mensis Junii Anno Tricesimo primo supradicto ad hora' Septima' ante merid' eiusdem diei apud J usticehall pred' tenend' Cora' pre fat' Justic' ult' nominat' et al' sociis suis ad faciend' ulterius prout Cur' Cons' etc. Ac superinde ad pred' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London pred' Per Adjornament' pred' apud Justicehall pred' in paroch' & warda ult' pred' dicto die Sabbati scilicet Quarto decimo die Junii Anno tricesimo primo supradicto Cora' prefat' J ustic' ult' nominat' Et al' sociis suis pred' prefat' Justic' dicti Domini Regis Oyer et Terminer [? prius]' supra Nominat' Per manus suas propr' Deliberaver' Indictament' pred' hic in .Cur' Gaol' Deliberacion':t pred' de Recordo in forma Juris Terminand' etc. super quo ad ista' eandem Deliberacion' Gaol' Dicti Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' pred' per adjournament' pred' apud Justicehall pred' dicto die Sabbati Quarto decimo die Junii Anno Trieesimo primo supradicto Cora' prefat' J ustic' Gaol' Deliberacionis pred' supra nominat' ven' pred' Rieardus Langhorne sub Custod' Rieardi How milit' et J ohannis Chapman milit' vie' Civitat' pred' (in Quor' custod' ex causa pred' preantea Comiss' fuit) ad Barra' hie duct' in propria persona sua Qui Comittitur prefat' Vic' Civitat' London pred' Et statim de premiss' pred' in Indict ament , pred' specificat' ei superius Imposit' alloquut' qualr se vellet inde Acquietari Idem Ricardus Langhorne Dicit quod ipse non est inde culpabilis Et inde de bono et malo pon' se super patriam et Ideo Imediat' ven' inde Jurata etc. Cora' pre fat , Justie' Gaol' Deliberacionis pred' ยง hic etc. Et Jur' Jurate illius per prefat' Vic' ad hod I Impannellat' scilicet Arthurus Young Edwardus Beater Robertus Twyford Willelmus Yapp Johannes Kirkham Petrus Pickering Thomas Barnes Franciscus Neeves Johannes Hall Georgius Sitwell Jacobus Wood et Ricardus Cawthorne exact' vener' qui ad veritat' de et super premiss' Dicend' elect' triat' et Jurat' Dicunt super sacra-

*

*, This I. e., King's Counsel. word, probably pri us, is illegible and, with the three preceding

:vo~d s,

is interlined in MS. The point here is that whereas Langhorne's was taken, on June 13th, by the Commissioners of Oyer and fermmer (the group of Justices first mentioned in this Record), the trial upon it took place before the Commissioners of Gaol Delivery (the second gr~)Up) on the following day. Actually, the same persons held both commlSSIons: cf. Introd., p. ix. :t The words Gaol' Deliberacion' are interlined in MS. ยง The words Gaol' Deliberacionis pred' are interlined in MS. II I. e., a special Jury. The original Petty Jury panel, entitled" Nomina Jur' ad triand' apud Justicehall die Sabbati xiiiio die Junii 1679 Inter Dominum Regem & Ricardum Langhorne Sen' "occurs on this file. The names thereon correspond with those given here in the Record, with the exception of Beater which is there spelt Beaker. ' !ndIc~ment


252

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

I679

mentum suu' quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne est culpabilis de alta prodicione pred' in Indictament' pred' specificat' ei superius Imposit' modo et forma prout per Indictament' pred' superius versus eu' supponitur Et quod Idem Ricardus Langhorne null' habuit bona seu catall' terr' sive tenement a ad eor' notic' Et super hoc statim Quesit' est de prefat' Ricardo Langhorne si quid pro se habeat vel dicere sciat quare Cur' dicti Domini Regis hic ad J udiciu' et Execucionem de eo super veredictum pred' procedere non debeat Qui nihil ulterius dicit preterquam ut prius dixerat super quo vis' et per Cur' hic plene intellectis omnibus et singulis premiss' Cons' est per Cur' hie quod pred' Ricardus Langhorne ducat ur ad Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate unde venit & ibidem super Bigam PonatUl' et abinde usque ad furcas de Tiborne trahat ur Et ibidem per Collum suspendat ur et vivens ad terram Prosternatur Et quod secreta Membra eius amputent ur et interiora sua extra ventrem suu' Capiant ur et in Ignem ponant ur et ibidem Comburent ur Et quod caput eius Amputet ur Quodque Corpus eius in quatuor partes dividat ur Et quod Caput et quarteria sua Ponant ur ubi Dominus Rex ea assign' voluerit etc. (f) [Indictment of Charles Parry for priesthood.] IS . 3 . 1679 . triat' in Middles' et habuit iudiciu' etc. iC London ss. Jur' pro Domino Rege super Sacramentum suu present ant quod Carolus Parry nuper de paroch' sancti Vedasti alias Fosters in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' Clericus N atus infra Dominia dicti Domini Regis nunc et exist ens Sacerdos factus et ordinatus per Authoritat' derivat' a sede Romana ang Ce the Sea of Rome post Festu' Nativit at , sancti Johannis Baptiste Anno regni Domine Elizabethe nuper Regine Angl' Primo et ante Tertio die Mati Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Trieesimo Primo Leges et Statut' huius Regni Anglie minime ponderans nee penas in eisdem Content' aliquall' verens dicto Tertio die Maii Anno Tricesimo Primo supradicto infra hoc Regnu' Angl'" scilicet apud pred' paroch' sancti Vedasti alias Fosters in ward' pred' Proditorie et ut falsus Proditor dicti Domini Regis nunc fuit et remansit Contra forma' Statut' in huiusmodi Casu edit' et provis' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et dignitat' suas etc. Titus Oates Miles Prance;t [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

*

Et quod secreta . .. This mutilation apparently formed an integral pa~t of the sentence on condemned traitors (cf. p. 326), but is never mentioned l.n the minutes on the actual indictments. It would be unsafe to infer from thls omission that the mutilation was not performed. Cj. Introd., p. xlviii, and note. iC Ang.: "He was tried in Middlesex at the Sessions beginning January 15 th , 1679 [i.e., 1679/80J, and had judgment etc." It is clear therefor~ t~at Parry was not tried on this bond on indictment. An analysis of the Slmil~r Middlesex indictment to which the above minute refers will be found In M.e.R., iv, 131. It bears the same dates as this but describes Parry as "of St. Giles in the Fields." On it, also, is the record of his sentence to the death of ~ traitor, in the usual terms. Witnesses for the prosecution.

=


CHARLES II

(g)

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

253

[Newgate calendar, entitled London ss. A true and perfect Kallender of all ye Prisonrs in Newgate for Felonies and Trespasses the 5th day of June 1679 "; inter alia.] Ind' Charles Parris Comd by Sr William Turner Knt charged upon oath by Miles Prance to be a Romish preist and being taken by him in the Cittye of London Dat' 3 May 1679 stoner Crouch Comd by the Rt hOnO b1e Sr Bailed by ye sd Rt hOnOb1e yC James Edwards Knt Lord Maior of the Citty of London & Sr Lord Maio r etc. Rob t Hanson Knt who (being A nd the said Sr } Robert 12th by his ownc confession a Papist & above the Age of 18 yeares) J.11ay 1679 hath refused to take the Oathes of Allegiance & Supremacy now tendred unto him by them & for continuing in tIns Citty in contempt of his Mattes Proclamacion. Dat' 9째 Maii 1679 Discharged by the }Augustine Belson Comitted by Sr Geo: WaterLords Spirit~tall man Kn t he being accused & T e1nporall in upon suspicion of being a Parliam t assembled Jesuite and severall war13째 May 1679 rants out against him to apprehend him Dat' 9째 May 1679 Bailed by Lll Peter Maria Com d by Sr George Waterman cheife l'ttstice Mazzan tini Knt charged by Henry st QuinScroggs 29 tin & John Beverley gentlemen upon suspicion of being a popish May 1679 J preist or Jesuite Dat' 21째 May 1679 Ad inven' bon' m' Mathew Turner comitted by the Sd sr Wm, for cora' Magistro being a Roman Catholicke & Recordatore ad refuseing to take the Oaths of comparend' ad Allegiance & Supremacy prox' Quarterial' Sess' pacis ad respond' etc. Et n01't deced' etc. t(

L

r

*

*

Ang.: "To find good mainprize before Mr Recorder for his appearance at the next Quarter Sessions of the Peace to answer etc. And not depart etc." M~tthew Turner had been mainprized on June 2nd to appear at this Sessions (v~de recognizance, p. 241). It would seem that he made a late appearance and was thereupon committed straightway to Newgate. Presumably, the order for his discharge on bail, noted here in the margin, was executed before the next Sessions, for Turner's name does not occur in subsequent calendars. I have been unable, however, to find any record of this second recognizance. , I.e., Sir William Turner, J.P. (named in a preceding entry on the calendar). This entry is all in the hand of the clerk of the court. Mathew


254

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JUNE

1679

[Sub-section on this calendar, entitled "London Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] James Douglasse fined 50li ' to rem' till the same be paid & to find baile before Mr Record r to appeare at the next Gaole Delivery etc. B. (I) (a)

SESSIONS BOOK, JUNE,

1679.

1679. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit 0- exo ur etc. Ad ult' Sess' tr' in ball' u,sque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' etc. Papist Johannes Blake ans' SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 2 JUNE,

*

C omparulit WillelmUs Adams Franciscu' { pros' Rockley Comparuit lJohannes Bellamy pros'

de paroch' sancte Bride Scissor

pro verbis

de paroch' sancti Martini Ironmongerlane Gener'

Com.paruit 0- t1'adit ur in ball' ut ptea Stonar Crouch de Staple Inne Lond' Generos' ans' De!, fec'~ Carolus Mawle de Aldermanbury Junctor ans' 15 . 12 . Comparuit & traditur itt ball':; - Matheus Turner ans' Comparuit Martinus Barnham de Little Brittaine - pros' Bookeseller

Papist

Papist & pro insult'

Turner therefore was committed to N ewgate at the beginning of the current Sessions (June 5th). i.e ., after the calendar had left the possession of the gaol clerk. Such entries made in the calendars by the clerk of the court invariably lack dates of committal. Ang.: .. He appeared and is discharged etc. At the last Sessions [April] he was delivered in bail until the next General Quarter Sessions etc." Blake's appearance at this Sessions was an error (the June Sessions ~ot being " Quarter" Sessions). He was therefore discharged jar this occas~on. but duly appears in July on his April recognizances (c/. p. 261). , Opposite the record of Mawle's default in the Estreats of Forfe~t~res Book occurs the marginal note" for entertaining [of Papists scored] SUSpltlOUS persons in his house." :; Ang.: ., On 15 th October [1679J he appeared and is [then] delivered in bail." C/. pp. 241 (note) and 277.

*


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JUNE

1679

(b) [Appeared and bailed in court at this Sessions.] Stonard Crouch de Staple lnne Generos' traditur in ball' J ohanni lnce de Clifford lnne Generos' et Gilberto Crouch de [?uinter] Courte in Fleetestreete Gent' usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena partis Principal' VC li' Et utriusque pleg' pred' CC11'

*

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 5 JUNE, 1679.

(a)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparuit 0- pros' 14 CaroIu' {Miles Prance de Coven garden Paris pros' generos' Respur usque prox' Session' pacis etc.:t A preist Petro Maria Mazzantine ans' (b) [Entry of trial, under the special heading London ss. Ad Deliberacion' Gaol' Domini Regis de Newgate tent' pro Civitat' London apud Justicehall in Ie old Bailey London die Veneris scilicet Tertio decimo die Junii ยง Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc AngI' etc. Tricesimo primo. "] po se Cul' Ca' null' Trahat ur super Biga' usque ad furcas de Tiborne Et ibidem suspendat ur per Coll' et vivus super Terra' prosternatur Ac quod interiora sua extra ventrem suu' Capiant ur JPsoque vivente Comburent ur Et quod Caput suu' Amputetur Quodque Corpus SU~t' in quatuor partes Dividatur Ac quod Caput et quarter' ill' ponant ur ubi Dominus Rex ea assignare voluerit etc.1I Ricardus Langhorne pro alt' prodicione It

XXIII. (1)

A.

SESSIONS FILE, JULY,

1679.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 14 JULY, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

(a) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Hewett to answer.] London ss. Mel' quod 50 die Junii 1679 Coram me Thoma Davies

*

The first letter of this word is doubtful. The word is possibly intended to be. "Winter." Harben's Dictionary oj London, however, gives no locality of this name. With regard to the present entry see lntrod., p. xlix, note. , Since it is certain that Charles Parry alias Paris was not tried at this Sess10ns (the Sessions Book contains no record of any such proceedings), the words Q>. pros' (" and prosecuted ") must refer merely to the giving by Prance of some evidence in the case, probably before the grand jury. :t Ang.: "He is respited until the next Sessions of the peace etc." ยง Actually, Langhorne's trial was held at the adjourned Session on Saturday, June 14th. Cf. p. 251. II Translation in footnote, p. 245.


256

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1679

Milit' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civit' pred' Conservand' Assign' etc. in propr' person' suis venert Radolph' Stevens de St Brides Feltmakr et Daniel Howell de ead' Cabinettmaker et recognovert dicto Domino Regi separal' sum' Quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si Johannes Hewett personaliter comparuerit ad prox' General' Session' pacis tent' apud Le Guild-hall pro Civitat' pred' Ad tunc et ibidem Respondend' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Et abinde non etc. [signed] Thomas Davies For the Sd Jno Hewett's appearance att ye next quartr Sessions of ye Peace & his being in ye meane time of ye good behavior he being a Papist & remaining in ye Sd Citty Campant-it contrary to his Mats late Proclamation (b) [Recognizance for the appearance of Rene Harris to answer.] London ss. Md, quod 3° die Junii 1679 Coram me-Thoma Davies Milit' .... [as recognizance (a) above] venert Ricardus Dely de s t Ann Black-fryars Shooemaker et Thomas Lacke de paroch' St Sepulchr' Smith et recognoverunt dicto Domino Regi separal' sum' Quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si Rene Harris personaliter comparuerit ad prox' General' Session' pacis .... [signed] Thomas Davies For ye Sd Rene Harris his apparence att ye next quartr Sessions of ye peace & in ye meane time to be of ye good behavior he being a Papist De/, fecit & remaining in ye sd Citty contrary to His Mats late Proclamation

*

(c)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Richard Schoolemaster to answer.] London ss. Md' quod 5° die Junii 1679 Coram me Thoma Davies Milit' ... ". [as recognizance (a) above] venert Caspar Braem de Fleetestreete Cabinetmaker et Edward' Somerton de st Brides victuallr et recognoverunt dicto Domino Regi separal' sum' Quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si Ricardus Schoolemaster personaliter comparuerit ad prox' General' Session' pacis .... [signed] Thomas Davies For ye sd Richard Schoolemaster his apparence att ye next quartr Sessions of ye Peace & his being in ye meane time of ye good behavior he being a Papist Camparuit & remaining in ye sd Citty contrary to His Mats late Proclamation

* I.e., of 4 May, 1679: cj. Introd., p. lix.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1679

257

(d)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Edward Bostock Fuller to answer.] London S5. Md' quod 3° die Junii 1679 Coram me Thoma Davies Milit' .... [as recognizance (a) above] venert Johannes Knibbe de Ie Old Bayly parva in paroch' st Sepulchr' Taylor et Johannes Potts de paroch' St Dunstans in Ie West Carpenter et recognoverunt dicto Domino Regi separal' sum' Quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si Edwardus Bostock Fuller personaliter comparuerit ad prox' General' Session' pacis .... [signed] Thomas Davies For ye Sd Edward Bostock Fuller his apparence att ye next quartr Sessions of ye Peace & his being in ye meane time of ye good behavior he being a Papist & Compantit remaining in ye Sd Citty contrary to His Mats late Proclamation (e) [Recognizance for the appearance of Gregory Gyfford to answer.] London ss. Memorandum quod vicesimo quinto die Junii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Regis Angl' etc. tricesimo primo vener' cora' me Jacobo Edwards mil' Majore Civtis London un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis nunc ad pacem conservand' etc. in propr' person' sua Gregorius Gyfford de Chancery Lane in Com' Middlesex Gener' Jonathan Beale de Aldersgate street London Scissor et Jacobus Bodycott de Ivy Lane London Mealeman Et tunc et ibidem dictus Gregor' Gyfford recogn' se deb ere Dicto Domino Regi Cent' libr' legalis etc. levari etc. Et pred' Jonathan Beale et Jacobus Bodycott recogn' se et eor' utrumque per se deb ere dicto Domino Regi quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. levari etc. Condicio etc. quod si pred' Gregorius Gyfford personal' compar' ad prox' Session' pads pro Civit e London tenend' etc. ad respond' etc. et abinde non etc. quousque etc. Et interim si se bene gesserit etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Ja: Edwards Major For continuing in Towne contrary to His Maties late Proclamacion being a reputed Papist *having taken the oath of Allegiance & Supremacy before My Ld Major Comparuit & Sr Thomas Bludworth Kn t (f) [Recognizance for the appearance of Henry Kilminster to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod XXIo die Junii Anno Regni Regis C~r.oli secund' nunc Angl' etc. XXXIo Coram me Johanne Frederick Millt' uno Aldermanno ac uno Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London conservand' assign' venit Henricus °

* The words which follow have been subsequently added by the same

h and.

Q


258

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

r679

Kilminster de Blow bladder street London watchmaker et traditur in ballin' Roberti Badan de eadem Millener et Gabrielis Lapp de Foster Lane London Millener usque prox' Sessionem pacis pro Civitate London tenend' ad respond' etc. sub pena partis principal' XLIi' et utriusque pleg' pred' XXIi' quas etc. si etc. [signed] John frederick for the good Behaviour etc. being a Papist etc. Comparuit (g)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Nicholas Crouch to answer.] London ss. Md' quod decimo tertio die Junii Anno Domini r679 coram me Roberto Hanson mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' Domini Regis ad pacem infra Civitat' pred' conservand' assignat' etc. vener' Nicholaus Crouch de Staples Inn London gener' & Ricardus Savye de par' St Pu1chr' & recogn' se debere dicto Domino Regi summam Centum libr' separatim legalis etc. levand' etc. Condicio quod pred' Nicholaus Crouch Compar' ad prox' Session' pacis tent' pro Civitat' London pred' ad respond' etc. et abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] R. Hanson The sd Nichol' Crouch being Respur a reputed Papist & refuseing ye oaths etc.

*

(h)

[Record of the taking of the Oath of Allegiance by John Blake.] , London ss. Memorand' quod duodecimo die Maii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gratia Anglie Scotie Francie et Hibernie Regis Fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo primo Johannes Blake de London Mercator in propr' person' sua yen' coram nobis Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civit is London et Roberto Hanson mil' ejusdem Civtis Aldermanno duobus Justiciar' diet' Domini Regis ad pacem infra eand' Civi tem conservand' assignat' etc. (me prefat' Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civit is London pred' existen' un' Justiciar' Quor':I:) Et tunc et ibidem voluntarie super sacr' Evangelist' Dei accepit Juramentum Allegiantiae secundum forma' et

* An interesting variant of Sepulchri. , This and the following document are the only two of their kind to be found in these archives . If it was a regular practice to draft such records, the majority of them must (although, strictly, of a "sessional" character) have been filed among the private papers of the various Justices before whom the oath was taken. Like the other documents, they are written on parchment. It is significant of the suspicion in which Catholics were then held that , although they had taken the oath, Blake and Crouch were not thereby exonerated from the burden of having repeatedly to find sureties for thetr good behaviour. Cj. Sessions Books, inf1!a. However, these two ca.ses were exceptional; cf. Introd., p. lvi. :I: un' j'ttsticiar' QUOY' (" one of the Justices of the quorlÂŁln "), i.e., one of the special Justices named in the Commission of the Peace whose presence was essential for the execution of certain business.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

1679

259

effectum cujusd' Statuti fact' apud Westm' in Com' Middles' anno Regni tertio Jacobi nuper Regis Anglie etc. Dat' apud Civit em London pred' eodem duodecimo die Maii Anno Regni dict' Domini Regis tricesimo primo pred' [signed] Ja: Edwards Major Ro bert Hanson (j)

[Record of the taking of the Oath of Allegiance by Stonar Crouch.] London ss. Memorand' quod 'duodecimo die Maii Anno Regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gratia Anglie ...• Tricesimo primo Stonar Crouch de Staple Inn London Generos' in propr' person' sua yen' coram nobis Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civit1s London et Roberto Hanson mil' .... [as Record (h) above] [signed] Ja: Edwards Major Robert Hanson (k)

[Indictment of Matthew Turner for assaulting Martin Barneham.] 21 . 3 . po se Jurata per consens' non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die etc.' London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege super Sacramentum suu' present ant quod Matheus Turner nuper de London Yeoman Decimo Nana ~ die J unii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo primo vi et armis etc. apud London videlicet in paroch' Sancti Sepulchri in ward' de Farringdon extra London pred' in et super quenda' Martin' Barneham in pace Dei et dicti Domini Regis adtunc et ibidem existen' Insult' fecit Et ipsum Martin' Barneham adtunc et ibidem gravissime et viciosissime verberavit vulneravit et maletractavit Ita quod de vita eius desperabat ur Et aI' enormia eidem ~artin' Barneham adtunc et ibidem IntuI' Ad gravem Dampnu' Ipsius Martini Barneham Ac contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Caron' et Dignitat' suas etc. Martinus Barnham § [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

*

I have included this indictment in the text because there appears to have been some connection between Martin Barnham and Turner's original sum~ons for being a Papist. Cj. Recognizance on file for June, 1679. p. 2.4 1 . 10 'text. The wording of the indictment is formal in cbaracter, and is SImilar to that found in other indictments for assault. ~ -:1 ng.: "On January 2I·t [1679/80] he puts himself' not guilty'; a. Jury [IS summoned] by consent; [he is found] not guilty. Therefore let him go [acquitted of the charge] without a day etc." Thus, although the indictment was taken at this Sessions of July, Turner was not, tried upon it until the Quarter Sessions of the following January. Cj. SeSSIOns Book for January, 1679/80, p. 280 in text. Sic in MS. There seems to be an error here (cf. date of recognizance, p. ~4I). Possibly this error was the cause of Turner's acquittal? The ~ndlctment may, however, refer to a second and later assault, though there IS no further evidence of this. § Witness for the prosecution.

=


260 (2)

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

r679

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING r6 JULY, 31 CHARLES II (r679).*

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of John White and Silvanus Perrott to prosecute and give evidence against John Jennings and Nicholas Saltmarsh.] London ss. Md' quod XIXo die Junii Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. XXXlo Cora' me Willelmo Turner Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justic' dicti Domini Regis ad pac' infra Civit' London conservand' assign' ven' Johannes White servus J ohanni Jennings de Jewenstreete London Smyth- Et recogn' etc. Cll' legalis etc. levand' etc. per via' recogn' Sub condicione quod si pred' Johannes White personalr comparuerit ad prox' Deliberacion' Gaol' dicti Domini Regis de Newgate pro Civit' London tenend' ad prosequend' legem cu' effectu versus prefat' J ohannem Jennings & quenda' Nicholaum Saltmarsh in causa proditor' quod tunc etc. aI' etc. Md' quod die et Ano pred' cora' me ven' Silvanus Perrott apud domu' J ohannis Pellings de Marke lane London gener' Et recogn' Cll' sub condicione quod si ipse tWlC & ibidem personalr COffiparuerit ad dand' Evidenc' versus prefat' Johannem Jennings et Nicholau' Saltmarsh in causa pred' quod tunc etc. al' etc. [signed] Will Turner For imageining and conspireing the death of his Maty by Comparuit, shooting him (c)

[Newgate Calendar, entitled London ss. A true & perfect Kallender of all the Prisoners in Newgate for felonies & Trespasses this 16th of July 1679"; inter alia.] del' per baiZe att }Antonio femandes Com d by Sr Georg Jeffreys ye Kings bench Barr Knt Recorder of ye Citty 21 June- r679 of London being charged with Suspicion of high -Treason as being Privie to an attempt upon ye Life of his Sacred Matie att Windser in Septem' Last Dat' 14 Junii '79 H

*

In this section of the ftle are to be found four indictments (" True Bills " ) for recusancy, which I have not transcribed, for they are ide~tical with those on the ftle for October, 1679 (q.v.), with the following exceptlOns : (a) All are for two months' recusancy from May loth, 1679. . (b) None has any minute concerning proceedings, except the last occurrIng on the :file, which is headed Cessat process' (It the process ceases "). (c) The names here occurring on the last two indictments are all grouped upon one membrane (but in the same order) in the October ftle. Other slight differences of spelling have been noted in the footnotes t~ the October indictments. It may be observed that the minute cessat process appears to refer to all the four indictments. There is no record in the Estreats of Forfeitures Books of any convictions for recusancy of this date. , Comparuit refers to John White. Silvanus Perrott did not appear (no record of appearance in Sessions Book).


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

JULY

r679

261

m'in Cur'* JO Jennings }comd by Sr Wm Turner Knt m' in Cur' Nicholas Saltmarsh Charged by John Whyte upon

his oath upon Suspicion of high' & contriveing & Conspireing to Kill his Most Sacred Matie by shooting Him in St James's Park Dat' 20 June r679:t Johannes Dormer § [Sub-section on this calendar, entitled

U

Prisoners upon Orders";

inter alia.]

James Douglasse {Repr' to their several1 former orders II to rem' in Gaol' {Charles Parris Ind' of high Treason being a wthout bail~ Preist

B.

SESSIONS

BOOK,

JULY,

1679.

(r) QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 14 JULY, 1679. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Session.] Compantit et traditur in ball' ] ohanni Ryder de Tha.mestreete Fo~tnder et Carolus Hawkeshead de Colemanstreete Scriptor' usque prox' Session' Q·uarterial' pacis pro Civitat' Land' tenend' ad respond etc. Et non dec ed' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena partis principal' CClt' et utriusqu.e pleg' Cli'

**

Johannes Blake de paroch' sancte Katherine Coleman Mercator

28 . 6.79' , ans'

Def' fee'

Mathias Bartholomew de paroch' sancti ans' Jacobi Dukes place Marriner

*

I.e., manucaptus in Curia (" mainprized in Court "). , The word Treason is omitted in MS. The date, as usual, refers to the prisoners' committal to Newgate. D § A late addition to the calendar, in the hand of the clerk of the court. ormer, therefore, must have been committed to Newgate on 15 or 16 July. . II. This note refers to Douglasse and eight other prisoners bracketed with h ImmMS. . ~ This note refers to Parris and twelve other prisoners bn:.cketed with h 1m lU MS. Sic in MS. for CaroEo. , ~ I.e., April 28th, I679-the date of the Sessions at which John Blake was last bound over.

=

**


262

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JULY

1679

Comparuit et traditur in ball' Radulfo Izard de Bishoppsgate Grocer et Granado Chester de paroch' pred' usque prox' Session' Quarterial' pacis . . .. [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CCll' et utriusque pleg' Cll' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sandi Johanans' nis Baptiste Mercator Comparuit et traditur in ball' Jacobo Ecupp de paroch' sancti Dunstani in occiden' Viet' et Roberto Wheateley de paroch' sancti Sepulchri Pandoxator' usque prox' Session' Quarterial' pacis . . .. [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' Llt' Andreas Crumbleton de paroch' sandi ans' Sepulchri Lond' Def' Fee' Philippus Cooke de paroch' sandi Egidii ans' in Campis in Com' Midd' Glover Comparuit et traditur in ball' ] ohanni A wdlin de Lothbury mercator' et Thome Cooke de eodem scissor' usque prox' Session' Quarterial' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CU' et utriusque pleg' LlP Antonius De Blocke de Throckmortonans' streete Ordinary Keeper De/, fee' Jasper Cloett de paroch' sancti Benedidi ans' Fincke Lond' Jeweller Def' fee' Egidius Fox de Broadstreete ans' Diamondcuttr Comparuit et traditur in ball' Thome Lusher de paroch' sancti Dunstani in Occiden' Bricklayer et W illelmo M ountney de eadem Generos' usque Prox' Session' Quarterial' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CCll' et utriusque pleg' Cll' Willelmus Hodson de paroch' sancti Botans' tolphi extra Bishoppsgate


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JULY

I679

263

Def' fec' Jacobus Pemberton de paroch' saricti ans' Martini Ludgate London Founder Comparuit et traditur in ball' Willelmo Mullins de paroch' sancti Andree H olborne London Chirurg' et Jacobo Mullins de paroch' sancte Bride Chirurg' usque prox' Session' Quarterial' pacis . . . . [as over BlakeJ Sub pena utriusque m' pred' CCli' Maria Mollins uxor Willelmi Molins ans' Chirurg' De/, fec' Franciscus Pritchard de Angellstreete ans' Wyerdrawer 20. I2 . Respur per Cur' Quousque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Stonar Crouch de Staple Inne Lond' ans' Generos'

*

I6 . 9 . 'fc Comparuit & exo ur etc. Petrus Maria Mazantino ans' 2I . 9 .:I: Comparuit & exour etc. Susanna Detton de Ivy Lane Lond' vid' ans' 20 • I2 . Respur per Cur' Quousque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. § Nicholaus Crouch de Staples Inne ans' Generos'

Papist

Papist

9 . Comparuit & exo ur etc. Henr' Kilminster de Blowbladder streete ans' Lond' watchmakerll 2I •

*

Ang.: "On October 20 th [r679J he is respited by the court until the next Quarter Sessions of the Peace, to answer etc."-implying that Crouch appeared neither at the present Sessions nor at the following August Sessions. T.he Justioes must have been cognisant of and satisfied with the reasons for hIS non-attendance, otherwise a default would here have been recorded against him. ~ I.e., July r6th, r679. :I: I.e., July 2rst, r679. § Vide footnote concerning Stonar Crouch above. \I The absence of the word Papist opposite this entry does not necessarily mply the discovery that Kilminster was not a Catholic. A similar omission


264

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

JULY

1679

16.9. Comparuit & exour etc. Gregorius Gyfford de Chancery lane in ans' Midd' Generos' Co111lj>aruit et traditur in ball' J ohanni Potts de Fetter Lane Carpenter et Johanni Knibb de le old Bailey Taylor usque prox' Qua1'terial' Session' pacis . . . . [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CClt' et utriusque pleg' Cli' Edwardus Bostock Fuller de Whitefryers ans' Generos'

Papist

Papist

21 • 9 . Comparuit et traditur in ball' Jasper Braem de paroch' sancti Dun::' stani in occiden' Cabinettmaker et Edwardo Sommerson de · Fleetestreete V ict' usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' ell' et utri usque pleg'

Ll1'

Ricardus Schoolemaster ans' De/, fec' Rene Harris ans' Comparuit et traditur in ball' Daniel' Howell de paroch' sancte Bridgitte Cabinetmaker et Radulfo Stephens de eadem F eltmaker usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CU' et utriusqu,e pleg' Lli' Johannes Hewitt de paroch' sancte Bridans' gitte Varnisher

(2)

Papist Papist

Papist

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 16 JULY, 1679.

(a)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions·l Comparuit J ohannem Jennings {Johannes White servus J ohannis Jennings Nicholaum Saltmarsh pros' de J ewenstreete Smith (b) [Newgate prisoners mainprized in court at this Sessions.] Johannes Jennings de Jewenstreete Smyth traditur in Ball' Johanni Jennings Sen' de eodem Wyerdrawer et Johanni will be observed in many other cases, e.g., the earlier entries concerning Susanna Detton. It should also be remarked that the above names are separated from each other by many entries in the original.


CHARLES

II

SESSIONS

BOOK

JULY

1679

265

Watson de eodem Generos' usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Sub pena utriusque Pleg' pred' XLlP pro verbis sedic' Nicholaus Saltmarsh Jun' traditur in Ball' Nicholao Saltmarsh Sen' de Enfeild in midd' Farrier et J ohanni Hill de BPPSgate Blacksmyth usque prox' Del' Gaol' ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Sub pena utriusque m' pred' XLu' pro consimili

*

XXIV A.

SESSIONS FILE, AUGUST, 1679.

(r)

OF

SESSIONS

THE PEACE, BEGINNING 25 AUGUST, 31 CHARLES II (1679). (a) [Recognizance for the appearance of Randolph Taylor ~ to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod primo die Augusti Anno Regni Domini nostri Carol' secundi nunc Regis Angl' etc. XXXlo in propr' person' suis vener' cora' me Jacobo Edwards mil' Major' Civtis London ac un' Justiciar' dicti Domini Regis infra eandem Civtem ad pacem conservand' Randolphus Taylor prope Stacioners Hall Amen Comr Ricardus East de Foster Lane Ironmongr Thomas Browne de Avy Mary Lane Lynnen Draper et tunc et ibidem dictus Randolphus r' se debere dicta Domino Regi SOli' et dicti Ricardus et Thomas se et eor' utrumque Per se deb ere dicto Domino Regi XXu' legalis etc. levari etc. Condicio quod pred' Randolphus personal' comparuer' ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civte London tenend' ad respondend' etc. et abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Ja: Edwards Major For setting forth ye Hystery of ye Plott Comparuit (b)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Richard Tonson:I: to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod sexto die Augusti Anno Regni Domini nostri Carol' secundi nunc Regis Angl' etc. tricesimo primo Ricardus Tonson Civis et Stacioner London Inhabitans prope Grayes Inn Gate in Com' Middles' et Adiel Mill de Pater noster Row London Sta~ioner in propr' personis suis vener' coram me Jacobo Edwards M~]or' Civt1s London et un' Justiciar' etc. Et tunc et ibidem dictus Rl~ardus Tonson rec' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi XLll' et dictus Adlel Mill XXIi' legalis etc. levari etc.

*

The word Pleg' is, no doubt, a clerical error for m' (man ucaptorum ). CJ. the following entry. For the distinction between plegius and manucaptor see Introd., p. xxviii. ~ . Probably a non-Catholic. :I: I can find no evidence that Tonson was a Catholic,


266

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

AUGUST

1679

Condido etc. Quod si pred' Ricardus Tonson personaliter comparebit ad prox' Session' pads pro Civte London tenend' ad respond' etc. et abinde non etc. quod tunc etc. alioquin etc. [signed] Ja: Edwards Major for printing a Hystory of ye late Plott wthout lawfull Comparuit Authority (c) [Recognizance for the appearance of John Dormer to answer.] London ss. Memorand' quod vicesimo primo die J ulii Anno regni Regis Caroli nunc Angl' etc. XXXlo Annoque Domini 1679 coram me Roberto Hanson Mil' un' Justic' dicti Domini regis ad pacem infra Civitat' London' conservand' assign' ven' Thomas Hotchkis de Clerkenwell in Com' Middlesex Apoth' et Johannes Starr de eadem Cooke recogn' se deb ere dicto Domino Regi quinquagint' libr' separatim solvend' etc. [signed] R. Hanson Sub Condicion' quod Johannes Dormer personal' comparebit ad prox' Session' pacis pro Civitat' London tenend' etc. RespUI* (d)

[Indictment of Richard Tonson for printing and publishing a book without authority.] po se 20 . 12 . j'ttrata non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die etc. ~ London ss. J ur' pro Domino Rege presentant quod Ricardus Tonson nuper de London Stadoner machinans et intendens pacem et communem tranquillitat' huius regni Angl' Perturbare Sexto die Augusti Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' AngI' Scoc' Franc' et Hibernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo primo vi et armis etc. apud London videlicet in paroch' sancti Martini Ludgate in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' pro lucro et comodo suo propr' illicite iniuste et iniuriose imprimi causavit sub Colore et pretext' legal' Authoritat' quenda' libm' Intitulat' The History of the Plott or a brief and Historical Account of the Charge and Defence of Edward Coleman Esqr William Ireland Thomas Pickering John Grove Robert Green Henry Berry Lawrence Hill Tho: Whitebread William Harcourte John Fennick John Gavan Anthony Turner J esuites Richard Langhorne Esqr Sir George Wakeman Baronet William Marshall William Rumley James Corker Benedictine moncks not omitting anyone materiall passage in the whole proceeding By Authority Et quod pred' Ricardus Tonson postea scilicet dicto Sexto die Augusti Anno supradicto pred' libru' sic Per ipsum imprimi causat' Sub Colore et pretext' legal' Authoritat' ut prefertur vi et armis etc. apud London videlicet in Paroch' et ward' pred' et divers' aI' lods infra Civitat' pred'

* Ang.: Ang.: "He is respited" (i.e., the case is deferred). "[At the present SessionsJ he puts himself [' not guilty' upo?, ~

a jury of his country]. On October 20 th [1679J a Jury [is summoned; he IS found] not guilty. Therefore let him go [acquittedJ of the charge without a day etc ."


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

AUGUST

1679

267

illicite et iniuste vendicioni expo suit vendidit et utteravit ubi revera pred' Ricardus Tonson adtunc scilicet dicto Sexto die Augusti Anno supradicto nec unquam antea seu postea non habuit aliqua' legal' Authoritat' ad imprimend' seu imprimi causand' libru' pred' Ad magna' disturbacionem pacis dicti Domini Regis In malu' et Pernitiossimu' Exemplu' omniu' aI' in Consimili casu delinquen' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Coron' et Dignitat' suas etc. Samuel Rycroft Randolphus Taylor Johannes Whitlocke* [Endorsed] Billa Vera (2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 27 AUGUST, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

(a)

[Recognizance for the appearance of Thomas Crispe and John Booth to prosecute and give evidence against John Beresford.] London ss. Md' quod 27 0 die Julii 1679 Coram me Thoma Davies Mil' un' Aldermannor' ac un' Justiciar' etc. in propr' personis suis venert Thomas Crispe de Fleete streete Glasse sellr et Johannes Booth de eodem Salter et Cognovert se deb ere Domino Regi separal' sum' Quinquagint' libr' legalis etc. Levand' etc. Condicio quod si ipsi personaliter Comparuerint ad prox' Session' Goal' [sic] deliber' de Newgate tent' apud Justice hall in Le old Bayly pro Civitat' pred' et Com' Middlesex Ad tunc et ibidem prosequend' et dand' in evidenc' versus J ohannem Beresford Et abinde non etc. Quod tunc etc. Alioquin etc. [signed] Thomas Davies For ye Sd John Beresford his declareing himselfe to be a Jesuit and that he said Masse in a Church in Portugall called Seniora St foy 14 and for declaring De/aU' fecer' that it was lawfull to kill any person that opposed their Religion (b)

[Newgate calendar, entitled ÂŤ London ss. A True & Perfect Kallender of the names of all the Prisoners in N ewgate for felony & Tresspass the 27 day of August 1679 "; inter alia.] delivered = Jn o Beresford Comd by Sr Thomas Davies Knt for declareinge himselfe to be a Jesuite & yt he said Masse in a Church in Portugall Called Senjora St Fea & yt itt was Lawfull to kill any person yt did oppose his Religion Dat' 27 July 1679

* Witnesses for the prosecution. 14 ? or fey.

= This marginal

note (ltd in original) is in the hand of the clerk of the It is probable, therefore, that Beresford was released some time dunng the course of the present Sessions. cou:t.


268

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

AUGUST

1679

[Sub-section on this Calendar, entitled" London Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] [5alvoJ* Custodiend'}Charles Parris Ind' for high Treason & [sic] in Gaol' sine Ball' for being a Preist [Baile]d by 51' Rob t }JnO Dormer Upon Suspicion of being a [Hans]on Knt Preist etc. Repr' ad prior' l James Douglasse{Repd to their Severall separal' Ordines etc. f former Ordrs etc. If B.

SESSIONS BOOK. AUGUST,

1679.

(I) SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 25 AUGUST, 1679. [Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Respur super affidavit Thome H otchkis quod pred' Johannes Infirm' est ~

Johannes Dormer ans' Compantit et traditur in ball' Jacob' Tonson de Fleetestreete 5tacioner et Ricardo Jones de Cliffords I nne Generos' usque prox' Sess1:on' pacis ad pros' tr' cu' effectu ยง sub pena c~ti'l~slibet eor' XLl1' legalis etc. Ricardus Tonson Civis & Stacioner London

ans' Comparuit 0- exour etc. Randolphus Taylor prope Stacioners hall London ans' (2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 27 AUGUST, 1679.

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] IS . 12 . RespUT etc. per Cur' existens mort'll Johannes Jennings de Jewenstreete Smyth ans' IS . 12 . Comparuit et Respur etc. Nicholaus Saltmarsh J un' ans'

*

The left edge of the calendar opposite this and the following entry has been torn away. If Douglasse is one of a group of six prisoners, all bracketed (right and left) in the original calendar, as here transcribed. ~ Ang.: "The case is deferred on the affidavit oยฃ Thomas Hotchkis that the aforesaid John [Dormer] is ill." ยง I.e., ad prosequendam traversiam cum effectu (" to prosecute a traverse [on his indictment] with effect "). See Introd., p. xlix. II Ang.: "On October I5th [I679J the case is deferred etc. by the court, he [i.e., Jennings] being dead."


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

AUGUST

1679

269

Def' fec' Thomas Crispe de Fleetestreete Glasseller Johannem pros' Beresford { Def' fec' Johannes Booth de eodem Salter pros'

xxv. (I)

A.

SESSIONS FILE, OCTOBER,

1679.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 13 OCTOBER, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

*

(a)

[Indictment of (? Alexius) Shadd for recusancy.]' 14 . 3 . po se 28 • 6 . ] urata London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Elexius Shadd de paroch' Cul' forisfecit Cll' iuxta Forma' Statut':I: sancti Egidii extra Cripplegate in ward' de Cripplegate extra London pred' Fringmaker [Johannes Gurney de paroch' pred' in ward' pred' Fringmaker et Anna Tavernor de paroch' pred' in ward' pred' Spinster scored] Decimo die Maii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' .... Tricesimo primo .... per spaciu' Quinque mensiu' integror' et ultra .... [formula as (I), p. 155] 20 • 12 . proclamacio facta fuit 14 . 3 . po se § [Endorsed] Billa Vera quoad Elecxus Shadd Ignoramus quoad John Gurney Ann Taverner

*

In this section of the file occurs an indictment of " Elexius Shadd nuper de London Yeoman" for setting up and exercising, in the parish of St. Giles Without Cripplegate, London, the art, mystery or manual occupation of a weaver for the space of eleven months and more, from November loth, 1678, "in quaquidem Art' mister' sive manual' occupacion' Textor' pred' idem Elexius Shadd non educat' fuit per spaciu' septem annal" ut Apprenticius," against the form of the statute in that case provided. The names of the witnesses for the prosecution inscribed on the bill are John 'iVilkinson, Alexander Roberts, Charles Burroughes, and Richard Briggs. Proceedings were as follows: at the Sessions of January 14th, 1679/80, he pleaded" not guilty" and was delivered in bail to Robert Chandler " de Redcrosstreete," Weaver, and to Nicholas Gouge, of the Old Bailey, Draper, until the next Quarter Sessions (April) in recognizances of £10, and of £Is from each surety (Sessions Book). A jury was summoned to try the case at the adjourned Q.S.P. of April 28th, 1680, but Shadd defaulted and W<1S, in his absence, found guilty with regard only to the last two months of the aforesaid eleven, and fined £4 according to the form of the Statute (14. 3 . po se 28 . 6 . Jurata 1;er Defalt' Cul' pro duobus ult' mensibus pred' xi c1m mens' forisfeeit iiiil1' 'tuxta forma.' Statut' etc. Quodqtte Capiat ur etc.). Elexius Shadd is, no doubt, to be 1dentified with the recusant of the same name. ~ Vide p. 260, note. :I: Ang.: "On January 14th [1679/80J he puts himself [' not guilty' upo~ a jury of his country]. On April 28 th , 1680, a Jury [is summonedJ; [he 1S foundJ guilty and forfeited £100 according to the form of the Statute." § An-g.: "On 20 th October [1679J proclamation 'was made. On 14th January [1679/80J he [i.e., Shadd aloneJ puts himself [' not guilty' upon his countryJ."


270

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1679

(b)

[Indictment of Louis Parant, Martin Hall and John Vanlaer for reeusaney. J London ss. Jur' .... presentant quod [Franeiseus Rape de paroeh' sancti Olavi in veteri Judaismo in ward' de Colemanstreete London pred' Mercator scored] Ludovieus Parant nuper de Paroeh' sancti Stephani Colemanstreete in ward' pred' mercator [Petrus Parant de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman Franeiseus Parant de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman Arthurus Harris de ) Beac1ey de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' mercator ( paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman ( ) Robins de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman Edmundus Cooley de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman Johannes Edwards de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman scoredJ Martinus Hall de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoma.J.1 Johannes Vanlaer de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Generos' [Marcus Busheelere de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Generos' Franeiseus Delawn de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Generos' et Herman Vanlanderker de paroeh' ult' pred' in ward' pred' Yeoman scoredJ Deeimo die Maii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli seeundi Dei gra' Angl' .... Trieesimo primo .... per spaeiu' Quinque mensiu' integror' et ultra .... [formula as (I), p. ISSJ 20.12. Proclamacio facta fuit 14.3. Convict' existunt 0quilibet ear' Convict' existit Et forisfact' certificat' sunt' [EndorsedJ Billa Vera quoad Lewis Parant Martin Hall John Vanlaw Ignoramus quoad Fra: Rape Petre Parent Fra: Parent Arthur Harris [ J:I: Beakly [ J:I: Robins Ed: Cowley John Edwards Marke Bushellere Fra: Delaune Harman Vanlandueker

*

*

(c)

[Indictment of Robert Moody and twenty-three other persons for reeusaney.J London ss. Jur' .... present ant quod Robertus Moody de paroeh' sancti Christoferi in ward' de .Broadstreete London pred' Perriwig-

* A space"On occurs here in MS. for Christian name. October 20 th [1679] proclamation was made.

, Ang.: On January 14th [1679/80] they are convicted and each of them is convicted, and theIr forfeitures are certified [into the Exchequer]." That the conviction of thes.e recusants (and of those in the following indictment in text) was due to thelf default of appearance at the January Sessions is proved by the absence of any reference to them in the Sessions Book. :t A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1679

271

maker Daniel Arthur de Paroch' sancti Petri Pauperis in ward' pred' mercator [ ] Arthur de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta [ ] Arthur uxor pred' Daniel' Arthur, Edwardus Hussey de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Coachman Franciscus Hunnay de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Gener' Margeria Cudworth de paroch' ]' de paroch' et ward' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster Elizabetha [ ult' pred' Spinster Petrus Vandermulen de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Lymner Alexandra Delapora Vandermulen de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta Alexandra Delapora Vandermulen uxor prefat' Petri Vandermulen Paulus Boyce de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Broker Emarentia De Roux de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta Emarentia De Roux uxor pred' Pauli Boyce Thomas Lightfoote de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Porter Willelmus Dale ~ de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Porter Thomas Wise § de paroch' sancti martini Outwich in ward' de Broadstreete London pred' mercator [Robert us Pinte de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Yeoman Thomas Ayleward de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' )~ Yeoman Anna Cosgriggll de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' ( scored] Elizabetha Dudley de paroch' sancti Bartholomei prope Excambiu' in ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta Elizabetha Dudley uxor Abrahami Dudley de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Yeoman Franciscus Mannuk miles & Baronett' de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Mauritius Roch de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' mercator Jacob' Voett de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Jeweller Anthonius Deblock de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Yeoman Katharina Deblock de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta Katharina Deblock uxor prefat' Anthonii Deblock Carolus Lethulier de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' musickmaster [\Villelmus Hughes de paroch' sancti Benedicti Fincke in ward' ult' pred' Danceing master Fabian Browne de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' ( ) scored] Jasper Cloett de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Lapidarius Jacobus Verbergt t de paroch et ward' ult' pred' Yeoman et Maria Verberg de paroch' et ward' ult' pred' Spinster alias dicta Maria Verberg uxor prefat' Jacobi Decimo die IvIaii Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' .... Tricesimo primo .... per spaciu' Quinque mensiu' integror' et ultra .... [formula as (1), p. ISS]

*

*

**

J

. the* AEstreats space is left here in MS. for Christian name. is noteworthy that of Forfeitures Book the statutory fine (ÂŁroo here) occurs It

1ll

after the names of wives at this date and henceforward under Charles II. In ~~e earlier part of the reign all wives had been exempted. Cf. Introd., p. Ill.

if A space is left here in MS. for surname.

:t

Spelt Deale in indictment on file of preceding July.

~ Thomas Wise is the first name on the fourth indictment preserved on

the tile of July preceding. The other names follow thereon in the above order. II Spelt Cosgriffe in indictment on file for preceding J nly Sessions. ~r A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status of Ann Cosgrigg. A space is left here in MS. for word indicating status or occupation of Fabian Browne.

**

if if Spelt Verbecq in indictment on preceding July file.


272

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1679

20 . 12 . proclamacio facta fuit 14.3. Convict' existunt °et quilibet eor' Convict' existit Et forisfact' certijicat' sunt [Endorsed] Billa Vera quoad Ignoramus quoad Robert Moddy Robert Penett Daniell Arthur Tho: Alward Ann Cosgrige Arthur uxor Wm Hewes Ed: Hussey Fra: Hunna Fabian Browne Mary Cuddworth Elizabeth [ ] . Peter Vandermulling Allex Delapora Vandermullin Paull Boyse Emarinsha Derouxkes uxor Tho: Lightfoott Wm Dale Tho: Wise Eliz: Dudly Sr Fra: Mannicke Morr: Roach Jacob Voett Anth: Deblock Kath: Deblocke Char: Lethulire J asep Cloett James Verbeck Margert Verbeck uxor (d) [Indictment of Peter Essington for contriving and publishing {( a false and scandalous libel" against Sir Joseph Sheldon.] ~ po se 17. I . Allocatur breve de Cerc' retornabile indilate Et Certijicatur etc. ~ London 55. J ur' pro Domino Rege super sacramentum suu' present ant quod Petrus Essington de paroch' sancti Bottolphi extra

[ ]*

* A space is left here in MS. for Christian name.

~ Immediately preceding this indictment on the file occurs an Ignored Bill, drafted in exactly similar terms, against a certain Henry Davis" nuper de London Imbroiderer." The original recognizance with which this prosecution began is also to be found in this section of the file It was taken on October 7th, 1679, before Sir George Jeffreys, the Recorder, of Thomas Spencer "de Miniories [sic] tallow Chandler," Arthur Rowland" Apotheearie," and Robert Wordsworth " de eodem loco Ironmonger," in the sum of £50 each, for the appearance of Peter Essington" de hounsditch Brazier" and Henry Davis" Imbroiderer de eodem loco" at the next Quarter Sessions of October 13th. to answer the charges made against them. The Sessions Book shows that both appeare?; that Davis was discharged on October 20th; and that Essington was agam delivered in bail, this time to William Lillingston "de Algate Generos'" and to Thomas Whiteing " de eadem Junctor' " (£50 each) for his appearance to prosecute a traverse on his indictment at the next Sessions of the Peace (November). On November 17th he appeared and produced a certiorari for the removal of the case into a higher court. ~ Ang.: "[At the present Sessions] he puts himself [' not guilty' on a °


CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1679

273

Algate in ward' de Portsbaken London pred' Brasier septimo die Octobris Anno regni Domini nostri Caroli secundi Dei gra' Angl' Scoc' Franc' et Ribernie Regis fidei Defensor' etc. Tricesimo Primo illicite nequitur et malitiose machinans et intendens quietu' statu' et communem Pacem et tranquillitatem Ligeor' et Subditor' dicti Domini Regis Inhabitan' infra Civitat' London et allibi infra hoc Regnu' Angl' inquietare et Perturb are Et divers' differentias [inter] Cives Civitat' pred' excitare movere et pro curare Necnon quenda' J osephu' Sheldon mil' adtunc et adhuc un' Aldermannor' Civitat' London Ac un' J ustic' dicti Domini Regis ad pacem in Civitat' pred' Conservand' assign' qui bene Performasset Officiu' Maiorat' Civitat' pred' in maximu' odiu' Contempt' infamia' et scandalu' non solu' cu' omnibus Civibus et Inhabitan' Civitat' pred' veru' etiam cu' omnibus a!' Ligeis et Subditis dicti Domini Regis Nunc Eundem Josephu' Sheldon mil' adtunc Cognoscentibus et tunc imposteru' Cognoscend' inducere Ac divers' lites [et] ~ differentias inter prefat' J osephu' Sheldon mil' et Cives & Inhabitan' Civitat' pred' ac omnes pred' aI' Ligeos & Subditos dicti Domini Regis eidem J osepho Sheldon tunc Cognitos & Cognoscend' excitare movere et pro curare Necnon bon' nomen fama' et reputacion' eiusdem J osephi Sheldon mil' Perciare ~ et auferre Postea scilicet dicto Septimo die Octobris Anno supradicto (existen' die eleccionis quatuor Civiu' Civitat' pred' ad deserviend' in Parliament' tunc futur') apud London videlicet in Paroch' sancti Michaelis Bassieshaw in ward' de Bassieshaw London pred' in Guihald' ibidem ad nephandissimas et malitiosas machinaciones et intenciones suas pred' Celerius efficiend' et exequend' ex Prava et propr' imaginacion' ipsius Petri ~ Essington quodda' falsam ยง scandalosu' et odiosu' libellu' ang ce ' a libell de et Concernen' prefat' Josephu' Sheldon' mil' et ad defamacionem opprobiu' & scandalu' eiusdem Josephi Sheldon mil' vi et armis etc. malitiose illicite nequiter et seditiose adtunc et ibidem devisavit fmxit Composuit & scripsit Et devisari fingi Componi et scribi causavit Tenor cuius quidem libelli sequen' videlicet sr Joseph Sheldon was Baile for Mr Sheldon of Weston in Wanvicksheire Prisoner in the Tower for being concerned in the Plot in Easter Terme last That Sr Joseph Sheldon dayly vissits ye Lords in ye Tower And hath a Brother Righpreist at Ghant that go.e~ forth under the Canopy when ye Roast goes abroad to Admmlst r ye extreame Unction And is Draper to the Duke of Yorke Ac Jur' pred' super sacramentum suu' pred' ulterius Dicunt quod pred: Petrus Essington ex ulteriori malitia sua Postea scilicet dicto Se~hmo die Octobris Anno Tricesimo Primo supradicto apud G~lh~ld' pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' dictum falsum & scandalosa II hbell' vi et armis etc. malitiose nequiter illicite & scandalose

*

jury of his ?ountryJ. On November 17th [1679] a writ of certiorari is allowed, r~turI?-able Immediately, and [the tenor of this indictment] is certified etc." [t.e., mto King's Bench]. The word inter is omitted in MS. ~ The word et is omitted in MS. ยง Sic in MS. for falwm.

*

R

=I.e., to pierce, wound (?).

II Sic in MS. for scandalosu'.


274

CHARLES II

SESSIONS FILE

OCTOBER

1679

palam pUblicavit & palam publicari causavit In Contempt' dicti Domini Regis nunc Legumque suar' Ad Magnu' opprobriu' scandalu' defamacionem & infamia' prefat' J osephi Sheldon mil' In magnu' opprobriu' Perturbacionem et violacionem pacis dicti Domini Regis et populi sui Inquietud' In malu' exemplu' omniu' aI' in Consimili casu delinquen' Ac Contra pacem dicti Domini Regis nunc Caron' et Dignitat' suas etc. Th D omas exter Samuel Merne [Endorsed] Billa Vera

*

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING IS OCTOBER, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

[Inquisition-post-mortem on Thomas Jennison, ~ prisoner in Newgate.] London ss. Inquisicio indentat' capt' pro Serenisso Domino Rege apud Gaol' dicti Domini Regis in paroch' Ecclesie Christi in ward' de Farringdon infra London pred' die Sabti vicess o die Septembris Anno regni Domini Regis Caroli secundi nunc Angl' etc. tricess o primo coram Johanne Robotham Generoso Coronat' Civitat' London pred' super visum corporis cuiusdam Thome Jennison adtunc et ibidem mortui jacent' Per Sacrament' Thome Taylor Willelmi Aylward Johannis Blake Ricardi Symonds Ricardi Powditch Pelagii Smyth Lanceloti Hunt Samuelis Wright Johannis Gibbons Jacobi Davies Johannis Robinson et Josephi Barefoot probor' et legaliu' hominu' Civitat' London pred' qui adtunc et ibidem jurat' et onerat' existent' ad inquirend' pro dicto Domino Rege quando ubi qualiter et quomodo pred' Thomas Jennison ad mortem suam devenit dicunt super sacrament' suu' pred' quod pred' Thomas Jennison nuper de London Cleric' qui commiss' fuit ad Gaol' pred' in paroch' et ward' pred' pro Suspit' alt' prodicion', ~ die et Anno supradict' ex visitacione Dei obi it et naturaliter .ad mortem suam devenit et non aliter neque aliquo alia modo in cUJus rei testimon' tam prefat' Coronat' quam Jurat' prefat' huic. I~­ quisicioni sigilla sua apposuere Die Anno et loco primo supradlctls per me J ohannem Ro botham Coronat' Civitat' London pred' (a)

(b)

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in sub-section entitled Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] J ames Douglass All Repr' to their former ordrs etc. § Charles Parries Indicted of high Treason Beeing A Romish Preist

t(

*~ A? orJesuit, Meine. Witnesses for the prosecution. committed to Newgate on September 30th, 1678, for suspected

complicity in the Oates Plot. Cj. M.C.R., vol. iv; Foley, Records of the English Province 5.J., vol. v, etc. He was a Middlesex prisoner. ~ "for suspicion of high treason." Jennison, therefore, had not been arraigned. § This note refers to Douglass and seven other prisoners bracketed with him in MS.


CHARLES II B. (1)

SESSIONS BOOK

OCTOBER

SESSIONS BOOK, OCTC>BER,

275

1679

1679.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING 13 OCTOBER, 1679.

(a)

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] Comparu2t. cr~. tra d2t' ur 2n . ball' Carol0 Iiawkeshead de Colemanstreete Scrivener et ] ohanni Rider de Thamestreete Brazier u sque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Sub pena Partis principal' Cll' Et utriusque Pleg' pred' LIt' 14 . 9 . 1679 Johannes Blake de paroch' sancte Papist ans' Katharine Coleman Mercator

*

Comparuit et traditur in baU' Raduifo Izard de Bishopsgate Grocer et Granado Chester de eodem Grocer usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis . . . . [as over Blake] Sub pena Partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' pred' LIt' Johannes Sadler de paroch' sancti ans' J ohannis Baptiste Mercator Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Roberto Wheateley de Fleeteditch Brewer et Jacobo Bawdicott de eodem M ealeman usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena Partis principal' Cli' et utriusque pleg' pred' LIt' Andreas Crumbleton de paroch' sancti ans' Sepulchri Lond'

It

*

Compa1"uit 0- traditur in ball' Thome Cooke de paroch' sancte Margarete Lothbury Scissor' et ] ohanni A udlin de eadem F anmaker usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis . . . . [as over Blake] Sub pena Partis principal' CU' et utriusque pleg' pred' Lli' Antonius De Blocke de Throckmorton Streete Ordinary ans' Keeper

I.e., July 14th, 1679-the date' when Blake was last delivered to bail. seems probable that this and the other marginal note" Papist refer II


276

CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

OCTOBER

1679

Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' liVillelmo l110unsey de Fleetestreet Generos' et Thome West ibidem Bricklayer usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena Partis principal' Cll' et utriusque pleg' pred' Lli' \Villeimus Hodson de paroch' sancti ans' Bottolphi extra Bishoppsgate Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Willelmo Molins de paroch' sancti Andree Holborne Chirurg' et Jacobo Molins de paroch' sancte Bride Chirurg' usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena utriusque m tor ' pred' LIt' Maria Molins uxor Willelmi Molins Chirurg' ans' Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Johanni Potts de Fetter Lane Carpenter et Johanni Nibb de le Old Bailey Taylor usq~te prox' General' Q~ta1'terial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' CH' et utriusque pleg' pred' LIi' Edwardus Bostocke Fuller de Whiteans' fryers Generos' De/, fee' Ricardus Schoolmaster de paroch' ans' sancte Bride Cabinettmaker Comparuit 0- traditur in ball' Radulfo Stephens de St Brides Hatmaker 0- Daniel' Howell de eadem Cabinettmaker usque prox' General' Quarterial' Session' pacis .... [as over Blake] Sub pena partis principal' Cll' 0- utriusque pleg' pred' LIt' Johannes Hewitt de paroch' sancte ans' Bride Varnisher 21.12. Comparuit 0- Jud'* Ricardus Tonson Civis & Stacioner pros' tr' London

not merely to Blake but also to all the other persons down to and including John Hewitt, for these entries follow each other in the Sessions Book. Ang.; "On October 21 st [r679J he appeared and [had] judgment."

*


CHARLES II

SESSIONS BOOK

OCTOBER

1679

277

(b) [Appeared and bailed in Court at this Sessions.] Johannes Dormer de Clerkenwell Gener' apud domu' Marie Dormer ibidem traditur in Ball' Thome Hoskins de eodem Apothecaryet Johanni Starr ibidem Co quo Usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Sub pena Partis principal' roo u ' et utriusque Pleg' Lli' Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. (c)

[Among entries of trials at this Sessions.] 25.10.Ind' & po se modo Jurata non Cul' Ideo eat inde sine die etc. Ricardus Tonson pro imprimend'

*

(2)

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 15 OCTOBER, 1679.

[Appeared and bailed in Court at this Sessions.] Margareta Smyth de St Martins Ludgt Vid' traditur in Ball' Andree Bonnell & Thome Crawley mercator' in mincing Lane London usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena cuiuslibet eor' XLU' Papist Matheus Turner de paroch' sancti Andree Holborne Stacioner Traditur in Ball' J osepho Bennett de sancti Egidii in Campis in Com' Midd' Stacioner et J ohanni Phillipps de St Clements Deanes Draper usque prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis ad respond' etc. Et non deced' etc. Et interim de se bene gerend' etc. Sub pena cuiuslibet eor' LU' Papist XXVI. SESSIONS FILE, DECEMBER, 1679.' SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING 10 DECEMBER, 31 CHARLES II (1679).

[Newgate calendar for this Sessions, in sub-section, entitled" Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] James Douglasse Rep1'd to their severall former ord 1''3 etc. = Charles Parris Indicted for high Treason being a preist

.*

Ang.: "On August 25 th [1679J he was indicted and put himself [' not ~Ullty ~ upon a jury of his countryJ. Now [i.e., at the present SessionsJ a

Jury [IS summoned]; [he is foundJ not guilty; therefore let him go [acquitted] of the charge without a day etc." f On ~his great file are to be found the documents relating to three ~eSSlOns, ~1Z.~ Sessions of the Peace beginning 14 November, Sessions of the eace bt;gmnmg 8 December, and Sessions of Gaol Delivery (10 December). It contams, however, no documents bearing on Catholic history, apart from the calendar entries given in text. The Sessions Book gives no entries whatever of special interest to Catholics under these dates. . =. This note refers to Douglasse and eight other prisoners bracketed with h lmmMS.


278

CHARLES II

XXVII.

A.

SESSIONS FILE

JANUARY

SESSIONS FILE, JANUARY,

I679/80

I679/80.

SESSIONS OF NEWGATE GAOL DELIVERY, BEGINNING {:5 JANUARY, 3I CHARLES II (I679/80).

[N ewgate calendar for this Sessions, in sub-section entitled " Prisoners upon Orders"; inter alia.] Charles Parris Ind' for high Treason being a Romish Preist to Rem' etc.

*

B.

SESSIONS BOOK, JANUARY,

I679/80.

QUARTER SESSIONS OF THE PEACE, BEGINNING I4 JANUARY, 3I CHARLES II (I679/80).

[Among persons previously bound over for appearance at this Sessions.] 2I . 3 . Respectuat ur etc. per Cur' Quousqu.e prox' Quarterial' Session' pacis super affidavit M agistri I nce Attornat' quod est in nwe' Stoner Crouch ans' 2I . 3 . Respectttat ur ... . [as over Stoner Crouch] Nicholaus Crouch ans' Comparuit et traditur in Ball' Abrahamo Taylor de Colemanstreete Watchmaker et Carolo