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The

Full Brick

Advantage

T h e G o l d S t a n d a rd i n H o u s i n g


Yo u r n e x t h o m e d e s e r v e s f u l l b r i c k . N o t h i n g l e s s . Welcome to the world of full brick, the

gold

standard

in

residential

construction. What is a full brick house? Simply, the external walls are constructed with two layers (‘leaves’) of bricks, separated by an air gap (‘cavity’). Many people also choose to build the walls between rooms in brickwork, a solid,

sound-resistant

alternative

to

lightweight timber stud walls. Inside and out, a full brick house looks like any other. The exterior can be face brickwork, or rendered and painted. Internally, most people choose to plaster and paint. But it is how a full brick house performs that sets it apart. Over the coming pages you will learn the eight advantages of full brick. Full brick. Nothing less.


Contents Advantage 1: Full brick houses are cooler in summer

7

Advantage 2: Full brick houses are warmer in winter

9

Advantage 3: Full brick houses are a haven of quiet

11

Advantage 4: Full brick houses are solid, safe and secure

13

Advantage 5: Full brick houses are low maintenance

15

Advantage 6: Full brick houses are termite resistant

17

Advantage 7: Full brick houses are timeless

19

Advantage 8: Full brick houses are a unique investment

21

The Austral Bricks Full Brick Advantage

23

Where can I talk to a full brick builder?

25


“People say ‘gee it’s hot outside but it’s lovely inside’.” Yasir Gorgees


1

A d v a n t a g e 1 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re c o o l e r i n s u m m e r Cool relief. That’s the feeling you get

In other words, by the time heat striking

entering a full brick house on a hot

the wall penetrates inside, the peak of

summer day.

the

Why is it so? Dense materials such as bricks have what engineers call ‘thermal

day

has

passed

hours

earlier,

allowing you to ventilate and cool the house naturally.

multi-housing projects, Yasir

mass.’ Put simply, heavyweight building

Tests at The University of Newcastle

materials can absorb and store heat

have shown that a cavity brick wall is

energy, releasing it slowly.

more effective than a lightweight wall

This

is

a

very

different

quality

to

insulation (measured by the ‘R-value’),

As a developer and builder of

(with the same R-value) at smoothing temperatures, even on the hottest day.

Gorgees is well aware of the benefits of full brick. And having lived previously in a full brick house, Yasir and

his

wife

Esta

knew

Unlike

their spectacular three-level

insulating materials that have little or no

contemporary home just had

capacity to store heat energy, the mass

to be full brick.

which

is

a

barrier

to

heat.

of brickwork helps stabilise internal

“My parents, who now live in

temperatures by delaying the passage of

the home, love the full brick

heat through the wall.

benefits,” Yasir tells us. “The This delay is called the ‘lag time.’ The

full brick walls together with

higher the level of thermal mass, the

the concrete slabs are really

longer the lag time. A full brick wall will have a lag time of up to eight hours.

effective

it’s

lovely

degrees, the temperature inside this full brick test building was relatively stable and far more comfortable than its neighbouring insulated lightweight building. Chart detail courtesy The University of Newcastle.

and cool in summer. Even

What

you?

People

Air-conditioner use will be reduced (or

outside

even eliminated). Your energy bills will

inside’.”

drop

does

and

the

this

mean

environment

for

will

say

thank-you. Your full brick home will feel naturally cool and inviting. What a relief! A full brick wall (top) delays the passage of heat through the wall for up to eight hours, well after the peak has passed.

so

Although the outside temperature soared to over 45

though the house has air conditioning, it’s rarely used. say but

‘gee it’s

it’s

hot

lovely

’ 7


In winter the Braggs run a gas heater in the family area and do not rely on the ducted system until close to bedtime.


2

A d v a n t a g e 2 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re w a r m e r i n w i n t e r We saw in Advantage 1 how the dense mass of a full brick wall slows the penetration of summer heat through the

What is passive design?

wall. But what happens in winter? Passive design is a package of four

This is where the inner layer of brickwork

simple, well-established design principles

comes into its own, absorbing, storing

that allow the maintenance of a high level

and

of personal comfort without having to

slowly

releasing

heat

that

is

generated inside the house.

constantly resort to artificial heating and

In

cooling:

a

house

principles

using

(see

passive

What

is

design passive

• Orientation

Ted and Tulin Bragg installed ducted heating and cooling in their new full brick home – their second – but like so many happy full brick owners, they report that it is rarely

The placement of large

used.

design?), the internal brickwork mass

north-facing windows to capture the low

In winter the Braggs run a

can also absorb the warmth of the low

winter sun, but shaded against the

gas heater in the family area

winter sun as it enters through large

higher summer sun.

and

• Insulation Insulation acts as a barrier

ducted system until close to

to heat flow.

bedtime.

north-facing

windows.

As

the

temperature falls at the end of the day, the brickwork slowly releases the stored

The result is a natural level of comfort without having to constantly resort to artificial heating. Dense materials such as bricks are essential for this process to occur. Insulation has a role to play but it has no effective capacity to store and slowly release heat energy. A

concrete

slab

also

adds

to

the

potential thermal mass. However the ability of a slab to absorb solar energy is

on

the

“Even in extreme summer heat we do not use the

heat loss on warm or hot days.

cooling system during the

• Thermal mass Dense materials such

day

as bricks help stabilise temperatures by

ventilation and the thermal

slowing the entry of external heat and

qualities of the brick walls to

absorbing and releasing internal heat in

keep

winter.

comfortable,” says Ted. “If

Like the wheels of a car, all four

the bedrooms get too warm

principles are essential for a passive

we

design to work. Take away any one and

system for half an hour and it

the wheels fall off the design!

will

Ask Austral Bricks or your builder for

Ceramic tiles bonded to the slab in the

more information about passive design.

solar efficiency.

rely

Natural air movement

reduced if covered by carpet or timber.

areas struck by the sun will preserve its

not

helps minimise heat gain and facilitates

• Ventilation

heat into the house.

do

but

rely

the

will

run

remain

on

cross-

temperature

the

cooling

comfortable

during the night.”

’ 9


“It is so quiet we have installed an intercom system so we can hear the children in their bedrooms upstairs.� Carolyn Judge


3

A d v a n t a g e 3 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re a h a v e n o f q u i e t It’s true. The world is getting faster, more chaotic and NOISIER. Your new full brick home will be a haven of quiet. It can even do the impossible and reduce noisy intrusion by teenagers. Read on.

Stop the spread Our homes are getting noisier, too. Teens and tweens have always been noisy but now we all have more noise-makers: bedroom TVs, stereos and computers,

Shut out the world

home cinemas, cordless and mobile

The double layers of a full brick wall

phones … the list is endless.

form a very effective sound barrier.

The answer to reducing the spread of

Thanks

to

their

mass,

bricks

are

especially

effective

in

sound within a house is to use brick

reducing

the

intrusion

of

partition walls between rooms. Unlike

low

lightweight, timber-framed stud walls, the

frequency sounds, such as traffic and

mass of a brick partition wall helps

the neighbour’s boom box.

contain sounds. Brick partition walls are

those

annoying

The cavity between the layers of bricks also

plays

a

part,

disrupting

the

transmission of sound through the wall. In contrast, lightweight materials tend to vibrate in response to the sound source in much the same way that a drum vibrates when struck.

a single brick slim and usually given a plaster finish. A brick partition wall can also be used to isolate one section of the house from another, say the sleeping areas from the living areas, or around a home cinema.

When Gary and Carolyn Judge extended their previous house, located under one of Sydney’s flight paths, they soon discovered that they could only escape the noise in their new full brick addition. “We realised immediately just how effective full brick can be at blocking noise,” Gary tells us. But even they were unprepared for the quiet of their new full brick house. “It is so quiet we have installed an intercom system so we can hear the children – Sarah, five, and the twins Alexander and Chloe, three – in their bedrooms upstairs,” says Carolyn. Gary and Carolyn Judge couldn’t be happier in their decision to build in full brick. “We know the house is solid and well constructed, thanks to the special qualities of bricks. There are many additional benefits such as the need for less insulation and better climate control, as the bricks manage the heat and cold of the Australian weather.”

11


“When you walk in to a full brick home you can feel the inherent strength of the bricks� Marie Graves


4

A d v a n t a g e 4 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re s o l i d , s a f e a n d s e c u re Safe and secure. It’s a feeling, almost a

Breathe easy In a world of chemical

sense of being protected, and one that is

scares, it is comforting to know that

hard to define. But this feeling is one that

bricks are made entirely from naturally-

rates very high with the happy owners of

occurring minerals. No chemicals or

full brick houses.

binders are used, and bricks don’t give

Solid

construction

feeling

of

For

security

some

comes

that from

off any gases or chemicals, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

confidence in the solid construction of

Fire safety Bricks are naturally fire

their full brick home. Knowing that their

resistant,

brick home is all but impregnable to

eliminates the use of a timber frame.

the elements and intrusions from the

Steel frames, while fire resistant, are

outside world.

vulnerable to twisting in a fire, causing

Natural

comfort

As

we

saw

in

Advantages 1 and 2, a well-designed full brick home will stabilise temperatures, ironing out the highs and lows, and reducing our dependence on artificial heating

and

cooling.

But

more

and

a

full

brick

house

even more damage. Of course, your full brick home is not fireproof – no house can claim that – but the solid, fire-

Peter and Marie Graves were considering building their new two-storey,

three-bedroom

home at Banksia in brick veneer

discovered

until the

Full

they Brick

Advantage. Their conversion came after a discussion with an Austral Bricks visiting

representative several

full

and brick

houses. “Straight away the quality, strength and versatility

resistant structure will remain intact for

of full brick homes became

longer, allowing your family to make

apparent,” Marie recalls.

their escape.

A few simple words summed

importantly it provides a natural level

Bushfire resistant If you live in a

up the benefits of full brick for

of comfort that enhances our sense

bushfire-prone area – and that applies to

Marie: “Strength and superior

of wellbeing.

many outer suburbs of Sydney as well

quality. When you walk in to a

as regional areas – brickwork provides

full brick home you can feel

the perfect fire-resistant envelope, in

the inherent strength of the

conjunction with other measures such as

bricks.

protecting against the entry of embers.

It

makes

you

feel

secure. “We also have two children, Samantha, 18 and Phillip, 12. The internal brick walls help to reduce the noise coming from their rooms” she adds.

13


“The house requires only minimal maintenance to keep it looking at its best.� Ian Rushton


5

A d v a n t a g e 5 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re l o w m a i n t e n a n c e It’s a given that brick is a solid form of

What

construction, that lasts a lifetime and

The secret to successful rendering is

longer. Full brick takes this legendary

what’s underneath the render coat.

durability to another level.

Brickwork provides a solid foundation for

A solid framework Houses evolve over time,

undergoing

extensions

and

renovations to meet the demands of another

generation.

The

substantial

about

rendered

finishes?

render, and the brick surface helps ‘key’ the render, increasing adhesion and reducing the likelihood of render bubbles or peeling.

Ian and Lydia Rushton built their full brick home in an idyllic spot, near the base of the Blue Mountains, but with the

ever-present

danger

construction of your full brick house will

Resisting the bumps and scrapes of

provide a solid basis for future alterations

everyday life Life can be pretty tough

construction won’t make their

and additions.

on any building, what with kids using

house fireproof but it does

Looking

for

exterior

finish?

a

low Face

maintenance brickwork

displaying the natural brick finish – is one of the few building systems that never requires painting to preserve its good looks and durability. This is even more important

with

today’s

multi-storey

houses on small blocks with narrow boundaries. Repainting upper levels will

a convenient wall for cricket or soccer practice and Dad bumping the mower into the wall. And that’s just on the outside. Brick can take it all. W ith minimal maintenance your full brick walling will look great for decades to come.

of

bushfire.

Full

brick

provide a solid framework for fire resistance strategies. The strength of full brick had a wider

appeal

Rushtons.

“Our

to

the

full

brick

home gives us a feeling of being safe and secure, and there is the added benefit of not worrying as much about

often require the expense of scaffolding, and

may

even

need

neighbouring properties.

access

from

pest invasions or bushfires,” says Ian Rushton. “The house requires

only

maintenance

to

minimal keep

it

looking at its best,” he adds. “I will never have to spend another summer painting the outside!”

’ 15


6

A d v a n t a g e 6 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re t e r m i t e re s i s t a n t Termites are a fact of life in all of

Did you know? Despite being called

Australia, but especially in New South

‘white ants’ termites are actually related

Wales. Most of the state receives a ‘high’

to cockroaches. The queen termite can

rating on the CSIRO Termite Hazard Map.

lay up to 2000 eggs a day and live for up

What attracts termites? The answer is

to 50 years.

cellulose, the fibrous component of

A New South Wales’ survey showed that

timber and plant material such as leaves.

one in five houses had a termite problem,

Termites don’t bother to blunt their teeth

either currently or in the past. Their

on bricks and mortar.

destructive work often goes unnoticed,

Every house has some timber, but the key to reducing the likelihood of termite attack is to minimise the amount of structural timber. Skirting boards that have been damaged by termites are easily replaced. The same can’t be said for a timber frame.

(that is, walls between rooms), built on properly

eliminates

designed structural

the inside, leaving just a thin shell. The first sign of a termite infestation may be when this collapses. Across Australia, the annual bill for termite damage is estimated at $200 million.

Sam Yehia of Sydney’s Best Pest Control with Barney the termite-sniffing beagle. Full brick construction on a concrete slab minimises the amount of vulnerable structural timber. Termite control measures are also required for non-structural timber such as skirting boards.

World-wide, termites are thought to be

A full brick house with internal brick walls

a

as the termites chew through timber from

concrete timbers

at

slab the

critical ground level. Of course it is still

responsible for about 40 per cent of methane, a greenhouse gas. It’s this distinct odour that termite hunters such as

Barney

the

beagle

(see

photo)

can detect.

necessary to take precautions to protect non-structural timber (such as skirtings and architraves) and high-level structural timber such as roof trusses. Sleep soundly in your full brick home. That chewing sound in the middle of the night is just one of the kids raiding the fridge.

17


7

A d v a n t a g e 7 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re t i m e l e s s When does a house become a home? Some say that you build a house but it takes time, experiences and memory to create that special environment that truly says ‘home.’

Choosing bricks for a timeless look Consider how the bricks you choose for your next house will look in a variety of lighting conditions, advises Domenico Fimmano of Fimmano

The solidity and comfort of a full brick

Design Studio. “How materials react – not only to weather and wear,

house will linger in the memory of you

but also to light at different times of the day – is one of our most

and your family. What do we mean by

important considerations.” Consider how the brickwork will look at a

comfort? It’s the quietness of a full brick

range of times over the day, as well as under artificial light.

house, especially one that features brick partition walls (instead of lightweight stud

By comparison to face brickwork, rendered walling has a high initial

walls) to limit the spread of sound

cost, as well as significant ongoing costs. “After five to 10 years, a

between rooms.

rendered building needs to be repainted because of rain and wear,”

It’s

also

natural

thermal

comfort.

A well-designed full brick house will

Domenico considers. Repainting the exterior of a multi-storey house may also require scaffolding at considerable expense.

iron out the peaks and troughs of

Choosing bricks with an earthy appearance reduces the potential

temperature swings without having to

for a building to age prematurely, Domenico advises. Rendered or

resort to almost constant artificial heating

painted surfaces in ‘aggressive’ colours – light reds and blues, for

and cooling.

example –will date very quickly.

It’s that indefinable air of quality that a premium product such as a full brick house exudes. Full brick houses resist the bumps and

Designer, Domenico Fimmano

scrapes of everyday life because they are built to last … and isn’t that the ultimate compliment to our environment? Built right, built to last. A full brick home is all of these … and much more. That’s why in years to come your full brick house will stand out in your family’s collective memory as ‘home.’

19


8

A d v a n t a g e 8 : F u l l b r i c k h o u s e s a re a u n i q u e i n v e s t m e n t Once you settle into your new full brick

And when that sad day arrives and you

home, selling it will be the furthest thing

place your full brick house on the market,

from your mind. After all, you can’t place

you will be able take comfort in the

a price on comfort, family heritage and a

knowledge that it will attract a price

sense of wellbeing.

premium over a “comparable” brick

But you won’t have to wait to resell to reap

financial

benefits

from

your

investment in a full brick home:

arrival of every energy bill will confirm wisdom

of

your

choice.

Don’t take our word for it. We asked Rowen Kelly, immediate past president of

• Lower heating and cooling bills The

the

veneer.

the Real Estate Institute of NSW for his assessment:

Your

“There is no question that a full brick

bank account (and the environment) will

home is more marketable to home buyers

thank you.

than a brick veneer home of comparable

• No repainting If you choose a natural

quality in a similar location.

brick finish externally, you won’t have to

“Families appreciate the many benefits

shell out thousands of dollars repainting

of a full brick home which is warmer in

the outside of the house every 10 years

winter and cooler in summer. Reduced

(not to mention the disruption).

external and internal noise in a full brick

• Low maintenance The inevitable bumps, scrapes and cricket balls of

home

improves

family

life

in

busy

suburbs.

everyday life won’t lead to damage or

“A full brick home is normally more

cracking. An annual wash down is all that

valuable for resale, bringing a premium of

is required to keep your face brickwork

at least ten to fifteen per cent.”

looking as good as new.

That’s why we contend that a full brick house is a unique investment that pays dividends throughout its long life.

21


The Austral Brick Full Brick Advantage www.australbricks.com.au As Australia’s largest manufacturer of clay bricks and pavers, Austral Bricks offers a superb range of premium-quality clay bricks including

Governors

Series

crafted

sandstock bricks, Elements Series semiglazed bricks, and Riviera Freedom Series large format clay pavers. Exclusive to Austral Bricks, the Colourbrick brick tinting system and Terraçade terracotta façade system reflect our commitment to continuous

improvement

and

product

innovation. www.bristileroofing.com.au Bristile Roofing is one of Australia’s largest manufacturers of quality terracotta and concrete roof tiles. Bristile supports its unmatched range of colours and profiles with a 10-year Installation Warranty, 50-year Product Warranty for concrete tiles, and our famous Colour for Life warranty on all our terracotta roof tiles. www.eurekatiles.com.au Eureka T iles is Australia's premier tile manufacturer, offering floor and wall tiles for pool-side patios, living areas, kitchens, laundries and bathrooms, to the most demanding commercial applications. ™ Colourbrick, Riviera and Terraçade are trademarks of The Austral Brick Company Pty Ltd. Eureka Tiles is a trademark of Eureka Tiles Australia Pty Ltd. Austral Bricks, Bristile Roofing and Eureka Tiles Australia are members of the Brickworks Building Products Group.

23


Where can I talk to a full brick builder? These are just some of the builders who offer full brick houses. See the full brick website – www.fullbrick.com.au – for the latest additions. Contact Austral Bricks (see back cover) if you can’t find a full brick builder in your area.

Beyond Homes 21-23 Rothwell Circuit, Glenwood NSW 2768 Tel (02) 9836 5297 enquiries@beyondhomes.com.au

Charleston Homes 1840 The Horsley Drive, Horsley Park NSW 2175 Tel (02) 9620 0000 www.charlestonhomes.com.au

Fairlight Developments 20 Barrington Road, Silverdale NSW 2752 Tel (02) 4774 1770 www.fairlightdevelopments.com.au info@fairlightdevelopments.com.au

Felton Constructions The Terrace, 1844 The Horsley Drive, Horsley Park NSW 2175 Tel (02) 9620 2175 www.feltonhomes.com.au sales@feltonhomes.com.au

Full Brick Homes Unit 13, 4A Bachell Avenue, Lidcombe NSW 2141 Tel (02) 9643 8120 www.fullbrickhomes.com.au office@fullbrickhomes.com.au

Kauley Homes 19 Rothwell Circuit, Glenwood NSW 2768 Tel (02) 9629 5057 www.kauleyhomes.com.au construction@kauleyhomes.com.au

Krslovic Homes HomeWorld, Bluebell Circuit, Kellyville NSW 2155 Tel (02) 9629 1750 www.krslovichomes.com.au admin@krslovichomes.com.au

Rawson Homes HomeWorld, River Oak Dr, Kellyville NSW 2155 Tel: (02) 9629 3400 www.rawsonhomes.com.au brimfieldp@rawsongroup.com.au

Westminster Homes Suite 31, 5 Inglewood Place, Baulkham Hills NSW 2153 Tel (02) 8824 7111 www.westminsterhomes.com.au info@westminsterhomes.com.au

Please note: The inclusion of a full brick builder on this list does not imply or infer approval, endorsement or recommendation of that company by Austral Bricks Pty Ltd. Consumers should conduct their own investigations before entering into any arrangement.

25


Full Brick Infoline 1800 670 235 www.fullbrick.com.au Austral Bricks www.australbricks.com.au PO Box 6550, Wetherill Park NSW 1851 Main display centre Wallgrove Road, Horsley Park Austral Bricks is a GreenSmart Leader, a program sponsored by the Housing Industry Association to promote environmental performance in Australia’s building industry.

Other NSW/ACT display centres Bowral 1 Kiama Street Canberra 7 Lithgow Street, Fyshwick Illawarra 45 Princes Hwy, Albion Park Rail Newcastle 1b George Street, Mayfield Punchbowl 62 Belmore Road

This publication is printed on paper produced from 50 percent recycled fibre and 50 percent oxygenbleached virgin pulp from sustainable

Tuggerah 19 Bryant Drive

forest regions, and accredited to ISO 14001, the international standard for environmental management.

All display centres open seven days, except ACT, Bowral and Punchbowl. Hours may vary; please call ahead to confirm, or refer to website.

Woodridge Media March 2007

Agents throughout New South Wales

Other States Tel 13 BRIC (13 2742) Queensland 105 Gardner Road, Rochedale South Australia/NT Greenwith Road, Golden Grove Tasmania Cressy Road, Longford Victoria Stud Road, Scoresby Western Australia Harper Street, Caversham A Brickworks Limited company

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