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Taimun xiI Program book American school in taichung

2014


MESSAGE FROM THE ast school director: Mr. Corcoran O

n behalf of the AST community I would like to welcome you all to our campus for the twelve annual Taiwan Model United Nations. Since we last met, the AST campus has undergone some important changes that we hope will enhance your experience at TAIMUN XII. The most obvious has been the addition of the new Lincoln Activities Center which allows us to improve our support for the conference by providing a more efficient lunch service and, perhaps more importantly, opens up more space for additional committees. The key to success of each TAIMUN is found in the preparation that precedes the conference. Each of you has been researching your countries, organizing for your committees, and perfecting your skills in debate and negotiation. That preparation will put you in a good position to take full advantage of the TAIMUN experience. We have been preparing for your arrival as well. Some of the seemingly mundane aspects of a conference can be critical in determining its success. The Admin team has spent the past few months focusing on those mundane items. Are the name tags correct? Are there enough chairs in all the conference rooms? Do the projectors work? Are the packets ready? The list of small things that need to be taken care of is long indeed. The press team has been equally busy getting information out for all of you so that you have what you need, and all the committee chairs along with secretaries general who have been preparing for their roles as well. In addition, experienced delegates have been training and mentoring those who are new to Model United Nations. All of this is in support of you. The preparation that has gone into TAIMUN XII is valuable only in how it enriches your experience. It is our hope

that you will take advantage of the preparation that precedes your arrival. Debate with gusto, negotiate with care, participate fully. Enjoy the experience of TAIMUN.Years from now you will find yourself continuing to use the skills you have honed here. Sincerely, Andrew W Corcoran Director American School in Taichung


conference speaker: ms. Graciela Gómez-García J

oined the Mexican Foreign Service in 1991, whereby she currently holds the rank of Deputy Consul General of Mexico in Boston. Her professional portfolio encompasses various positions at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Mexico City as well as diplomatic postings in Western Europe and in the United States, in areas such as Press and Media Relations, Economic Promotion, Political Analysis, Human Rights, Women’s Rights and Violence against Women, and Consular Affairs. She has a B.A. in International Relations from El Colegio de Mexico, a Master Degree in Diplomatic Studies from Escuela Diplomatica de Madrid and an MPhil in European Studies from the University of Cambridge. She also holds a Diploma in Intelligence for National Security from Mexico’s Centre for Investigation and National Security. At present, she is working on her thesis to complete the Global Master of Arts Program of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

dad Iberoamericana, Universidad de las Américas, Instituto Matías Romero, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Centro de Investigacion y Seguridad Nacional, and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

An expert in international security and transnational organized crime, she has represented Mexico in numerous multilateral meetings and international negotiations with the United States and other countries on issues such as crime prevenShe is currently serving as Deputy Consul General tion and criminal justice; transnational organized of Mexico in Boston. crime; human trafficking; migrant smuggling and violence against migrants; terrorism; cybersecurity; trafficking in firearms and ammunition and illegal drugs. Deeply committed and actively involved with women causes and against human trafficking. She has been professor and lecturer in institutions of Mexico and abroad, including Universi-


MEssage from THE MUN DIRECTOR: Mr. Helman

In this, our 12th year, we are pleased to welcome new schools to the Taiwan Model United Nations (TAIMUN) experience, greet longtime participants, and look forward to the exciting two days we will be spending together. It is a special honor to support the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)’s Blue Heart Campaign against Human Trafficking at this year’s conference. We hope to raise awareness, advocacy, activism, and support for this important cause. We are especially thankful to our Keynote Speaker Ms. Graciela Garcia-Gomez, Deputy Consul General of Mexico in Boston, who will highlight the goals and successes of the Blue Heart Campaign. We would be remiss if we failed to thank and recognize all those individuals who make TAIMUN possible each and every year. We would like to thank the AST Administration and Board for their continued support of the event. Special thanks goes to AST School Support Staff who are instrumental in orga-

nizing the materials, supporting conference participants during the two days, and coordinating amongst participating schools. Lastly, we are greatly thankful to all Teachers, both within and outside of AST, for their efforts and continued support of the Taiwan Model United Nations Program. In the days ahead we know you will have lively, intelligent discussions on regional and global issues, and bring your unlimited energy and enthusiasm to the debates. The late President John F. Kennedy once stated, “Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future.” Here at TAIMUN XII, we hope that you will be the foundation for change and innovation whether you contribute to the Conference Leadership, Committees/Councils, Press Team, International Court, or as an Administration Officer/Secretary. We hope you will not only enjoy the conference and its academic challenges, but also make new friends, and create memories that will last a lifetime. Thanks to everyone who has worked so hard to make TAIMUN XII a reality. Sincerely,

Mark Helman TAIMUN Coordinator


MEssage from THE PRESS COORDINATOR: Mr. Nylander As TAIMUN XII Press Advisor, I am dedicating this year’s efforts to the many journalists who have died uncovering the truth. Last year alone, 70 journalists were murdered while working on important stories. Another 29 journalists and media workers have “disappeared”. Most were killed for covering stories of human rights, politics, war and all the subsequent crime and corruption that is attributed to it. The goal of this Taiwan Model United Nations is not only to teach students the value of working together, but that to “change things for the better”, requires sacrifice. This year’s press team will sacrifice their time and a good deal of effort to keep all the participants and advisors informed. The value of this work is the skills and ideals that are acquired are the same ones today’s journalists apply every day in very real and dangerous situations around the world. We live in a global village and we are all global citizens. This requires strong values in a world of turmoil, increasing population, and competition for resources. Today’s students will need to understand the complexities they will be faced with in the future. It is so important that programs like Model United Nations (MUN) reflect the United Nations and its goals including fostering good governance and transparency vital for democratic institutions. A free and balanced press is essential to modern functioning democracy. Thomas Jefferson once said, “Whenever the people are well-informed, they can be trusted with their government”. To this end, it is the responsibility of the members of the Press Team to pursue equal and adequate coverage, fair unbiased reporting and relay information with an eye toward social justice. A good example of social justice of course is the United Nation’s Blue Heart campaign against human trafficking. Journalists are exposing the many areas of this global evil, followed by death threats

and beatings to those journalists brave enough to print their stories. Not only must we be informed but we need to act on it to eradicate this problem. In reflecting the United Nations campaign, the purpose of Taiwan Model United Nations (TAIMUN) is not only to inspire our students to create a better future, but for students to understand that being an informed citizen and a delegate of TAIMUN requires their ability to access information, interpret this information and to think critically. So it is important that our press team here at TAIMUN learn to value freedom and show courage in reporting the truth like professional journalists everywhere. Mr. Simo Nylander Press Advisor, TAIMUN XII


School

Position

American School in Taichung (AST) Mark Helman (MUN Director) Busan International Foreign School Audrey Moh (MUN Director) (South Korea) Green School in Bali (Indonesia) Tom South (MUN Director) Ryan Witte (MUN Director) Hsinchu American School (HAS) Sonia Murphy (HAS Administrative Director)

Hsinchu International School (HIS) Arturo Meneses (MUN Director) Jennifer Santiago (Chaperone)

Hui-Wen I-Shou International School (ISIS) International Bilingual School at Hsinchu-science-park (IBSH)

Vincent Tsai (MUN Director)

Marc Mesich (MUN Director) Peggy Wu (MUN Director) Elizabeth Wyant (MUN Director) Kaohsiung American School (KAS) Yin Guan (MUN Director) Bruce Shotland (Chaperone)

Morrison Academy

Joanna McCoskey (MUN Director) Nansha College Preparatory Academy Sarah Boulware (MUN Director) Jeremiah Boulware (Chaperone) (NCPA) Brandon Nascimento International Bilingual School of (MUN Director) Tainan-Science Park (IBST)

National Taichung Girls' Senior High Hsiu-Hsien Wang (MUN Director) School (Taichung Girls) Hung (MUN Director) DeGuang Catholic School (DGCS) Hui-Hsin Ching-Hsuan Tsao (MUN Director)

Pacific American School (PAS) Pu Tai Senior High School (Pu Tai) Sheng Kung Girls’ High School (SKGHS)

Jeffrey Buscher (MUN Director), Gareth Manning (MUN Director) Keith Peddle (MUN Director) Shih Chan Feng (Chaperone) Peter Lang (MUN Director)


Position

SCHOOL Directors/Chaperones

School

Stella Matutina Girls’ High School Jenny Huang (MUN Director) Kevin Lee (MUN Director) Tainan First Senior High School (Tainan First) Sybil Huang (MUN Director) Erika Soublet (MUN Director) Taipei American School (TAS) Catalina Guzman (MUN Director) Darby Sinclair (MUN Director) Taipei European School (TES)

Fabrice Laureti (MUN Director) Nicole Billante (MUN Director) Libby Bevin (MUN Director)

Taipei First Girls’ High School (Taipei Girls)

Shu-Qing Zhu (MUN Director) Pei-Ping Lin (MUN Director)

Thai-Chinese International School Eli Pupovac (MUN Director) (TCIS) Viator Catholic High School Emily Cheng (MUN Director) (VTHS) Nanhai International Education Centre (NIEC)

Simon Breeze (MUN Director)


MESSAGE FROM THE SECRETARIES GENERAL

Herriet Hsieh Secretary General

Grace Lin Deputy Secretary General

Jeffrey Chang Deputy Secretary General

“All for one and one for all!” wrote Alexander Dumas in The Three Musketeers. It is with this same enthusiasm that we, Secretaries General Herriet Hsieh, Grace Lin, and Jeffrey Chang, welcome you to the Twelfth Annual TAIMUN Conference. After months of preparation with the MUN Director of American School in Taichung, Mr. Mark Helman, we are honored to present to you TAIMUN XII. We look forward to working - as well as having fun - with you in the next two days. As a senior of American School in Taichung, I, Herriet Hsieh, am greatly honored to serve you as the Secretary General of TAIMUN XII. Over the past four years, I have attended eight international conferences, physical and online, as delegate, justice, and chair. TAIMUN XII will be my final high school conference, and I cannot express the happiness I feel at having been part of its growth, and the pride at seeing my peers willingly coming forward to lend their efforts to international issues. I am Grace Lin, a senior from American School in Taichung and your Deputy Secretary General of TAIMUN XII. I have attended a total of twelve conferences domestically and internationally as administration staff, delegate, ambassador, chair, and president. Having being involved in TAIMUN for five years, I have seen TAIMUN grow into a truly professional conference, composed of talented individuals. I look forward to sharing my last TAIMUN conference with all of you and cannot wait to see what memories we will make together.   I, Jeffrey Chang, a junior from Taipei American School, will serve as your Deputy Secretary General of TAIMUN XII. It is a true honor to be able to serve you in this position. I attended my first MUN conference in seventh grade as a delegate in MS-TAIMUN. Learning quickly, I became the chair of Security Council in eighth grade. In the following years, I have chaired at  many conferences, including THIMUN Singapore and MY-MUNOFS. TAIMUN XII will be my 15th conference, and I truly look forward to meeting everyone at this conference. This year, TAIMUN is pleased to announce the creation of two new committees, in addition to the original eight. The ten committees are: the Security Council (SC), Committee of Disarmament and International Security (CDIS), Human Rights Council (HRC), Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), Environment Committee, Social, Humanitarian


and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), Special Committee of World Health Organization (WHO), Special Committee on Sustainable Development Committee (SUSDEV), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as well as the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The Security Council, led by President Priscilla Huang and Deputy President Kara Hu, will focus on two current issues. The first is the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where struggles to recover from Africa’s “World War” continue. The Situation in Iraq continues to be prominent, for conflicts still contribute to nations’ instability, hindering post-war reconstruction. CDIS will resolve some of the most pressing security issues of today in order to save lives. Chairs William Lin and Ben Ho will lead the committee in eradicating landmines left from previous wars and regulating non-State military organizations. Both issues are deeply tied to the well-being of innocent civilians. As our speaker of TAIMUN XII introduces issues regarding human trafficking, this year’s HRC will strive for solutions against organ trade through human trafficking. Additionally, recent uprisings around the world such as the Arab Springs call for attention to the rights of anti-government protesters. Chairs Angela Wang and Noah Lin will preside over this committee. ECOSOC, led by Head Chair Victor Huang and Co-Chair Bryant Chao, will tackle two issues that have risen in importance due to the transforming economy and social values. The first is the management and preservation of water sources, and the second is measures to increase youth employment. The Environment Committee, led by Chairs Jessica Lin and Kelly Lai, will cover two issues. Chemical deposits and wastes in neutral territories and waters represent a dire concern. Additionally, the committee will seek an equilibrium between the advancement of the industrial world and the preservation of the natural environment. This year, Head Chair Tina Hung and Co-Chair Kelly Lin of SOCHUM will lead delegates in taking on the situation of displaced persons and measures to relieve refugee human trafficking. In addition, the committee will also

devote its time to the protection of vulnerable world heritage sites. The Special Committee of WHO, led by chairs Civia Chen and Jocelyn Loo, will convene in hopes of developing its methods of vaccine distribution, as well as strengthening current protocols regarding communicable diseases in order to prevent future pandemics. SUSDEV, led by Head Chair John Huang and Co-Chair Minnie Cheng, will be focusing on Africa’s malnutrition and extreme poverty as well as the establishment of the Sustainable Development Goals as a follow-up to the Millennium Development Goals. These issues reflect the need for growth that is both ambitious and sustainable. As a new arrival at TAIMUN, IAEA does not hesitate to take on challenges. Head Chair Ben Lee and Co-Chair Richie Wang will be leading delegates into heated debates on the regulation of international nuclear waste disposal and the strengthening and expansion of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. ICJ, with Chairs Connor Lin and Jeffrey Chen, will take on the case of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) versus the Republic of Korea regarding the sinking of a navy ship - the Cheonan. The justices’ ruling, based on the advocates’ arguments, will determine whether DPRK is guilty of the charges. With the expansion of TAIMUN this year, we hope to broaden your understanding of the world. We look forward to seeing innovative and viable solutions to the pressing issues of today. However, most important of all is that you take joy in this, be it from exploring your future aspirations or building long-lasting friendships. Remember that your voice today will echo in the days to come.


Message fom the administration heads D

elegates, Directors, Guests

Tiffany Lieu Head of Admin (AST)

Tiffany Lieu Stephen Hsu Tim Hsu

Position

School

Executive Administration Officer

AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST

Executive Administration Officer

Admin Staff

Grace Anne Manno

Admin Staff

Wilson Chen Sean Chang Kelly Chang Athena Lee Brian Lee Mary Maeda Olivia Gozal

Admin Staff Admin Staff Admin Staff Admin Staff Admin Staff Admin Staff Admin Staff

AdministratORS

Name

Steven Hsu Deputy Head of Admin (AST)

Welcome to TAIMUN XII! Stephen Hsu, and I, Tiffany Lieu, will be serving as your Admin Heads this year. We believe that this year’s TAIMUN conference will be an exciting one. With an ever increasing number of delegates and new innovations, we are on the verge of an excited beginning. A larger scale conference comes with more responsibilities; however, it is our pleasure to serve you all and finally we hope our hard works will make TAIMUN XII an unforgettable experience.  


Position

Nikki Leung Angus Tang Lisa Beme Gary Chen Alex Chien Freddy Chiu Jaysen Chow Po Yu Chuang Kyoko Chuang

Admin Staff Admin Staff Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Jakub Hendrych Secretary Secretary Victoria Kao Christine Kim Secretary Secretary Allen Lee Secretary Irene Liang Brenda Lin Henry Lin Roy Shieh Charlene Wang Jacob Yeh Andrew Young

Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary Secretary

School AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST

Administrations roster

Name


MESSAGE FROM THE EDITORS Imagine the interior of a freestanding, umber, old grandfather clock.You perceive the pendulum and the escapement make the ticktock sound. The weights pull the escapement that connects to the gear train and the pulleys. Essentially, all these small little pieces work all together for one goal - to indicate time. The functioning of the clock resembles our press team. As a tradition, we assemble editors, writers, artists, layouts, and photographers for the annual Taiwan Model United Nations Press Team. Only with the collaboration of every single member on the crew will there be a professional press issue published. As you delegates prepare to tackle global issues with your powerful speeches and outstanding resolutions, the press team will be fully utilizing three weapons simultaneously to their utmost potential: “A blue pen, a notebook, and a charming smile�. In what way you may ask? With no doubt, they are for the creation of the press issues that will be handed to you during your two-day conference. In a short period of time, you may leaf through your pre-conference newspaper. It may serve as a comfort to your nervousness, a guide to knowing your chairs, or a cure to your later diagnosed PMS - Post MUN Syndrome. Whatever the function it is to you, we wish it will be a satisfying souvenir for you to cherish. As always, you will see in your committee rooms with our press members. We, as a team have the responsibility for jotting down every memorable second to make sure each moment is vividly documented in the issues published. As a tradition, our purpose is to expand perspectives to a global level with a sense of unison. The production team emphasizes to write articles that display the enthusiasm of the debates and the content of the issues. Strong and specific criteria are established to set the standards of our newspapers. The text seeks to fully express the feelings and stances of the delegates. The pictures aim to capture the instant moment that will allow the participants to reminisce afterwards. The artwork and layout strives to accompany the dainty paragraphs with visual enjoyment. Lastly, we, the editors will go through the final edits before the birth of our press issue. For all of the members recruited on the crew this year, we would like to give our utmost thanks. We look forward to your acumen and high involvement in the press team. Aside from that, we hope you will enjoy your time reporting on the exhilarating and thrilling events and debates, and delivering the excitement in the form of written articles to every attendant. As we draw an end to this message, we would like to give our appreciation to all of you that join us here in the twelfth annual Taiwan Model United Nations. We hope you all enjoy yourselves and walk away with memories that will be saved permanently in our TAIMUN Times.

Eric Lee Co-Editor-in-Chief (HAS)

Angela Lai Co-Editor-in-Chief (AST)


Angela Lai Eric Lee Jenny Luk Ailie Wu Joyce Chen Iris Lee Stephanie Lai Eagle Huang Josephine Goh Selina Liu Rebecca Lu Catherine Lu May Lee Emily Tang

Position

Editor Editor Asst. Editor Asst. Editor Asst. Editor Asst. Editor Layout Editor Video Editor Reporter Reporter Reporter Reporter Reporter Reporter Ai-lin Zuccarello Reporter Szu Yu Reporter Philip Wong Reporter Tim Wang Reporter Lucy Kuo Reporter Jennifer Ai Reporter Jessica Ma Artist Artist Nancy Kim Layout Team Nelson Lin Angela Chao Layout Team Cassandra Liau Layout Team Rose Kuan Layout Team

School AST HAS AST AST MCA IBSH AST AST Pu- Tai Nanhai HAS HAS HAS IBSH ISIS IBSH IBSH IBSH IBSH IBSH IBSH AST AST AST AST AST

Press team roster

Name


Sarah Seung Jasmine Yeh Jonah Siegel Lisa Chen Maggie Chen Sheryn Liao Jayven Chow Steven Ko Andrea Hoang Vincent Cheng Tommy Hsieh

Position

School

Layout Team, Web Layout Team, Reporter Photographer Photographer Photographer Photographer Video Team Video Team Video Team Video Team Web

AST AST AST AST AST AST AST AST TAS Pu-Tai HAS

Press team roster

Name


BLUE

Millions of victims are entrapped and exploited every slavery. To rally against human trafficking, UNODOC Campaign. It is open to all those who want to participate a of their support for this cam

LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CAMPAIGN: Join us on Visit us on: unodoc.org/BlueHeart unodoc.org/HumanTraffickingFund Email us on: blueheart@unodoc.org


HEART CAMPAIGN

year in this modern form of C has launched the Blue Heart and wear the Blue Heart as a symbol mpaign.

n: facebook.com/BlueHeartHT twitter.com/BlueHeartHT


American School in Taichung


Bussan International Foreign School

DeGuang Catholic School


Hinschu American School

Green School in Bali


Hsinchu International School

International Bilinguall School at Hsinchu


Kaosiung American School

I-Shou International School


Sheng Kung Girls’ High School

Stella Matutina Girl’s HighSchool


Taipei First Girls’ HIGH SCHOOL

Taipei American School


THAI-CHINESE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

Taipei European School


Viator Catholic HIGH SCHOOL

National Tainan First Senior HS


Pacific American School

Putai Senior High School


Hui wen

Nansha College Prepatory Academy (PRC)


Morrison Christian academy

International Bilingual school of Tainan-science Park


SECURITY COUNCIL (100) President: Priscilla Huang (AST) Deputy President: Kara Hu (PAS) Issues: (101) The situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (102) The situation in the Republic of Iraq

G

reetings everyone and welcome to TAIMUN XII’s Security Council. This year at TAIMUN XII, we, Priscilla Huang, serving as the Security Council President, and Kara Hu, serving as the Deputy President, are extremely honored to be chairing the most powerful committee in the United Nations and is looking forward to working with all SC delegates. The Security Council tackles the maintenance of global peace and security. For this conference, we will be addressing the problems in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Iraq. (101) After gaining its independence in 1960, The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has long been suffering decades of political and social instability. In the country’s early years, after gaining independence from Belgium, DRC was under the control of Joseph Mobutu, and the country was renamed as Zaire. The Mobutu Regime ended with the civil war in 1997, and was overthrew by Laurent Kabila who was aided by DRC’s neighboring countries, Rwanda and Uganda. After the assassination of Laurent Kabila in 2001, his son, Joseph Kabila, took over the role as president of DRC. Under Kabila, DRC reached brief periods of peace. Under the president, negotiations were successfully reached in removing Rwandan army from the eastern border, as well as signing of multiple useful treaties.Yet, despite the President and government’s best efforts, there are still various rebel groups threatening the everyday peace of DRC. The M23, one of the strongest rebel groups has launched several violent assaults against both the government and citizens. Other than issues of rebel groups, DRC also face problems such as refugee overflow, sexual harassments, and lack of resources. (102) Like many other countries developing towards a democracy, Iraq has faced many obstacles. After an accusation of harboring weapons of mass destruction, Iraq was invaded by the United States. This resulted in a replacement of governance after the United States ousted the Saddam Hussein regime. Previously a Sunni-controlled administration, Iraq was replaced with a Shia-controlled democracy. Many extremists of the Sunni minority

is currently operating an insurgence, with suspicions of working alongside terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda. These aforementioned terrorist groups, which were previously suppressed by the Saddam Hussein regime, are now conducting yet another resurgence under the new, unstable government. Iraq is in great need of stabilization of governance. Asides from sectarian conflicts caused by the dramatic shift of authority, Iraq also faces the long standing ambiguity of Kurdistan. With a large population residing in northern Iraq known as Iraq Kurdistan, there is a power struggle between the semi-autonomous Kurdish government and the central Iraqi government. Lastly, Iraq also faces a humanitarian crisis resulting from both the war and the inadequate government. As the smallest committee in the entire conference, the Security Council will provide plenty of opportunities for delegates to speak. Moreover, this council operates differently from other committees. Therefore, we urge delegates to familiarize themselves with the rules of procedure before the conference. We are both extremely excited to meet all of you and hope all delegates will take their part in the Security Council as professionally and seriously as possible. We are the leaders of tomorrow, what we do in MUN, could very possibly be of enormous effect to the world. We are looking forward to hearing all the intense and fruitful debates and may the Security Council delegates emerge as the BEST delegates at TAIMUN XII. See you all in April!


School

Kara Hu Nadia Chen Ray Huang

AST PAS PAS TES IBST

Delegations Priscilla Huang President

Jeffrey Wang

Deputy-President Argentina Australia Chad Chile

Elaine Wang Richie Chen Chloe Oani

China Congo France

Kai Yeh Yang

Iraq Lithuania Luxembourg

Andrew Lee

Anne Chen Serena Yang Joseph Huang

Nigeria

IBSH IBSH ISIS TES Pu Tai ISIS NCPA PAS KAS TAS Tainan First KAS AST

Eric Chen David Sung Jamie Hung

Republic of Korea Russian Federation Rwanda

Meg Shieh

Saudi Arabia United Kingdom United States of America AST

James Ian Sims Paul Wu

security council committee roaster

Name


Committee on Disarmament and International Security (200) Chair: WIlliam Lin (AST) Co-Chair: Ben Ho (Hui-Wen) Issues: (201) Universal landmine disarmament. (202) The Situation in North East Asia

W

elcome to TAIMUN XII and CDIS! We, William Lin from the American School in Taichung, and Ben Ho from the Hui-Wen High School are thrilled to be serving as the expert chairs for the CDIS. In the CDIS, we will be focusing on disarmament seeking out solutions to the global challenges that threaten the security of the international community, and this year, we would be focusing on ways to regulate non-State Military Organizations and on Universal Landmine Disarmament. Military power have always dictated authority, and today, the growing number and size of non-State Military Organizations has challenged the safety and peace of many nations. Non-State military organizations include such groups as paramilitary forces, insurgents, terrorist organizations, militias, and various military and security companies hired by individual businesses and companies. These groups act as their own cult and has been a key effort in bringing instability and causing significant amount of violence and civilian casualties in member states. In order to strengthen international peace, their numbers and flexibility as a military force must be reduced. Landmine is an efficient and cheap weaponry that has been widely used during the last seventy years. Its continuous damage towards innocent civilians long after the conflict has turned this weapon into a camouflaged killer, which causes the average of 25 thousand deaths or casualties annually since 1975. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines and The Mine Ban Treaty are both great efforts shown to disarm active landmines and reduce landmine stockpiles. Still, issues caused by landmines will never come towards an end until major manufacturing and stockpiling nations agree towards complete prohibition of this weapon. The Chairs expects all delegates in the CDIS to be active participants and to not be hesitant to spread their ideas during debates. We are anticipated to see

fellow delegates fabricating the very solutions to the problems of the world, and in turn build intellectual knowledge, character, and companionship during the conference. We wish you luck, and may TAIMUN XII be as fruitful as possible.


William Lin Ben Ho Samuel Chiou

Country Represented Chair Co-Chair Amnesty International Angola

School

Costa Rica Czech Republic France Germany Guatemala India Mexico Philippines

Hui- Wen Hui- Wen TES TAS ISIS HIS AST PAS TAS HIS IBST TES

David Lee Frederic Macher Botswana Brazil Simon Xu Kevin Ke China Peter Tsay Colombia Van Gao Makayla Lin Ray Chen Ryan Chen Ocean Lee Nicole Chen Heidi Lin Oscar Chen Phillip Ku Nicole Chiang Ruby Tang

Russian Federation South Africa Spain Syria Sudan

Luke Yeh Marco Ma Sheng-Jia Zhou Uganda Vincent Yang United Kingdom Roger Shieh United States of America

AST Hui- Wen HAS MCA TES NCPA IBSH HAS

NCPA Stella AST AST

CDIS committee roster

Name


HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL (300) Chair: Angela Wang (PAS) Co-Chair: Noah Lin (AST) Issues:

(301) Government retribution against anti-government protesters (302) Measures to prevent human traf- ficking for organ trade

Greetings and welcome to TAIMUN XII. Currently a sophomore from American School in Taichung and a junior from Pacific American School, we, Noah Lin and Angela Wang, will be serving as the chairs in the Human Rights Council. For Noah, this would be his tenth conference for Model United Nations, and his fourth chairing experience. For Angela, this is her ninth conference, including THIMUN Singapore and THIMUN HAGUE, and her second time chairing. With several anti government protests occurring in the world today, this issue is appropriately chosen for discussion in this years TAIMUN. Question of anti government protest retribution mainly basis on free speech and free assembly, one of the basis of human rights. However some nations have not signed and agreed to the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights, and can So they can easily violate the statements of the Declaration of Human Rights. Anti government protesting is, in simple terms, just people gathering in groups speaking up with their thoughts and opinions toward the government. Retribution for such events in general can seem as if violating the human rights. But the people of these events should still be treated under the same law of all else, and not be able to abuse their humans rights and be overlooked by law enforcers. This issue is being discussed as people in such events can easily be accused of crimes or escape from crimes with the wrong reasons. Nations with religious basis can easily view the protests as crimes against the religion. The reasonings behind these retribution are also in discussion of the issue. Are the retributions appropriate ways to regulate people due to the public destruction, harm, and threat it brings to public, or are these retributions methods used to stop people from speaking up against the government with fear. However, there can be dangers and risks posed during these events, as large amounts of people gather together in crowds, these crowds may seem chaotic and unorganized, so therefore poses as danger to others. Therefore these events should be regulated, but in what ways

will regulations still maintain human rights and safety for people not involved or involved. Human trafficking entails violence such as commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. However, research has shown that it has become widespread in the form of illicit organ trade. For example, China has a history of involuntary organ transplant from executed prisoners since forced donations from prisoners are deemed as redemption. The victims of Kosovo War had their organs removed by force after they were shot dead. Member states have already concluded that the bottom line is poverty. Unfortunately, there is no shortterm plausible solution to poverty. Thus, we direct attention to other approaches, such as regulation and oversight of the organ trade and protection of the human rights of trafficking victims. Stringent law enforcement and severe punishments can hold the organ traffickers, brokers, recipients, illegal donors and all the other involved actors accountable for the illegal trafficking for organ trade. These other approaches have the potential to palliate the issue, but the potential is impeded by the lack of international consensus and execution. On the grounds of international coordination, countries could seek to increase active cooperation between regional law enforcement agencies to track down and dismantle the traffickers at a regional level. Word of advice when debating in the human rights council is to imagine oneself as being in the situation of debate, whether it’s human trafficking, anti government protests, child labor, slavery, or anything. Then question how one would feel being in such situations, and how they can be freed in such events by the resolutions being formed. However always keep in mind of one’s country stance, and never lose focus of it. Good luck, and hopefully, have fun.


Angela Wang Noah Lin Albert Yu Annie Liu

Helen Lin Daniel Duffy

Delegations Chair Co-Chair Amnesty International Angola Argentina Austria

School PAS AST HAS MCA PAS BIFS

HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL roster

Name

Benin Botswana Lucy Xiao Brazil Chiang Chunlan Burkina Faso Matthew Wang Chile Nayeon Kim China Clover Hogan Congo

IBSH TES NCPA Taipei Girls IBSH IBSH Green School

Kimberly Chang Costa Rica

Hui-Wen Hui-Wen MCA

Shu An Liu Alex Lin

Judas Lin Jason Lee

Czech Republic Ecuador Estonia Ethiopia France

Pu Tai TAS

Yu Ping Chu Sherry Tseng Irene Lee Li-Ya Dong Eunise Chen William Yang Rachel Tustin

Gabon Germany Guatemala Human Rights Watch

DCHS TAS ISIS

John Gentry Michelle Chen

India Indonesia

HIS NCPA

TES

BIFS


Henry Ko

Delegations Ireland

Stephanie Chien Italy Maryanne Grace Japan Jing-Yun Sharon Xu Kazakhstan Szu Wei Chen Kenya Kuwait Peter Wang Jason Cheng Lybia Alice Chen Malaysia Wan-Qian Lin Maldives Chieh-Yu Lee Montenegro Ai Lin Hsu Peru Pingping Wang Philippines Edward Chiang Poland Brian Lan

William Liao Alan Shen Leo Chiang Welkin Hsu Jonathan Hsu Joe Paradorn Pei-Ying Lin Emma Liu Aries Xin James Cosper Patrick Yang

School HIS ISIS Pu Tai NCPA Pu Tai ISIS NIEC Hui-Wen TCGS DCHS HIS PAS PAS

Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Sierra Leone Switzerland

KAS TCIS IBSH

Thailand Uganda UNESCO United Arab Emirates

TCIS Stella AST

TAS ISIS KAS

NCPA

United Kingdom AST United States of America AST

HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL roster

Name


Economic and Social Council (400) Chair:Victor Huang (TAS) Co-Chair: Bryant Chao (AST)

Issues: (401) Management and Preservation of Water Sources (402) Measures to IncreaseYouth Employment Welcome to TAIMUN XII’s ECOSOC committee! We are Victor Huang from Taipei American School and Bryant Chao from American School in Taichung, and we are extremely excited to be the chairs for you all in this year’s TAIMUN XII! Since its inception in 1946, the United Nations Economic and Social Council has been focused on addressing economic, environmental, and social issues with the indefatigable spirit that many UN councils embody. During this year’s conference, we will be focusing on the environmental issue of managing and preserving different water sources, as well as the economic and social issue regarding different measures to increase youth employment around the world. (401) Water is one of the most crucial elements for humans to sustain their life. Water resources are used in every aspect of society such as agricultural and industrial activities. However, the world’s water resources have been awfully managed in the past few hundred years. Human behaviors of wasting and polluting water lead to different issues such as water-related diseases and water shortage in numerous Asian and African countries.  Along with water shortage is the decreasing of productivity in numeral nations’ industries. Unsurprisingly, the longer the water shortage remains unsolved, the more the world economy would be hurt. Compared to the last century, the amount of water used by man has doubled in this century. Water management is now becoming an urgent issue that requires full attention from the world. World Water Forum and World Bank are two of the most experienced organizations on these regards. Therefore, the only shortcut of ending this obstacle turns out to be the full cooperation between United Nation and these organizations. (402) In the aftermath of 2008 Financial Crisis, adults weren’t the only ones who were hit hard. Youths in nations all throughout the world were hit so hard that to this day the unemployment ratio

of adults to youths is 3:1. In addition to many other aspects that prevent youths from acquiring a job, such as preconceived gender roles or cultural norms, it seems as if the world is increasingly a place where it gets harder and harder for youths to acquire their first jobs. Without jobs available for these youths, a vital source of labor is not being utilized and the lack of previous job experience would severely limit the number of jobs available when they eventually become adults. As an old adage goes, “the Youth of Today are the Investors of Tomorrow”. However, how can the youth of today’s world invest in the future if they never gain the necessary monetary resources to do so? This year in the ECOSOC committee, we try to address this issue by finding Measures to Increase Youth Employment. With the goal of empowering all youths in the world to be financially capable and independent, the ECOSOC committee this year faces a tough challenge; But this is a challenge that us chairs fully believe delegates being capable of tackling. Delegates of the ECOSOC committee, we as chairs wholeheartedly wish you will have a worthwhile and interesting experience in your time at TAIMUN XII. For this reason, we’d like to inform you that we are more than happy to help out, no matter if committee is in session or not. Having been previously delegates, we fully understand the challenges of standing up at the podium to speak to a room full of people. We’d like to encourage everyone (even those of you who are non-native English speakers) to put in their full effort into this conference, so that in turn we can all say that attending this conference was truly worth it. Us chairs look very much forward to the day we get to see you all in person, crafting high quality resolutions as well as engaging in fruitful debate.


Victor Huang Bryant Chao Jennifer Hsia Michael Sebastian Mani

Chen-yu Lee

Timothy Yang Stephanie Wan Celia Fan Dylan Kroft Hsaio-chung Chuang

Alice Perng Manix Wolan Albert C Liao Ryan Yao Tsai Chieh Chang

Chieh Yu Ho I-Jou Wu Kai-Yun Huang Sharon Huang Alex Lin Aaron Kuo Jefferson Chien Jia-Yan Tsai Joshua France Perry Green

Country Represented Chair Co-Chair Albania Austria Belarus Benin Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada China Colombia Croatia Cuba Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Ethiopia France Gabon Germany India

School TAS AST IBSH BIFS Taipei Girls IBSH KAS NCPA

ECOSOC committee roster

Name

KAS Taipei Girls KAS Green School IBSH HAS Pu Tai Pu Tai SKGHS SKGHS MCA VTSH TAS TES DCHS TAS HIS


Charlie Jiang Wan Yu Hsiao Hui Li Shao Elaine Ren Anita Chiang I-Chang Chang Hsuan-Nu Luk Shawn Tang Blanca Ko Michael Yang Daniel Lien Henry Lin Ally Hsia Ya-Zhu Fu Justin Wang Jessica Chang Chi-Hsiu Wu Joyce Huang Johnny Lee Brandon Huang Shu-Wei Hung Yi-Hsuan Shen Tzu-Yueh Xu Alex Tsai Vivian Cheng

Country Represented Indonesia Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lesotho Libya Malawi Mauritius Mexico Nepal Netherlands Nicaragua Nigeria New Zealand Pakistan Qatar Republic of Korea Russian Federation Rwanda San Marino Sengal South Africa Spain

School NCPA Pu Tai Pu Tai NCPA ISIS DCHS Stella NIEC Hui-Wen AST AST TES TES TCGS PAS VTSH Tainan First AST KAS TAS Tainan First Stella TCGS HIS IBST

ECOSOC committee roster

Name


Teresa Yu Roy Ma Elaine Cheng Ryan Tsao Zoe Lin Harris Chen Allen Hsieh Jeffrey Fang Lori Fang

Country Represented Sweden Sudan Turkey Turkmenistan UNDP UNEP United Kingdom United States of America World Bank

School AST NCPA Hui-Wen ISIS IBSH TAS AST AST IBST

ECOSOC committee roster

Name


Environment Committee (500) Chair: Jessica Lin (IBSH) Co-chair: Kelly Lai (AST) Issues: (501) Regulation of harmful waste and chemical deposits in neutral territory and international waters (502) Maintenance of the balance between environmental protection and urbanization Welcome to the Environment Committee of TAIMUN XII! We, Jessica Lin from International Bilingual School at Hsinchu, and Kelly Lai from American School at Taichung are excited to meet all of you and serve as chairs of our committee, which will focus on developing feasible, innovative solutions to help protect the environment and the livelihood of humanity. (501) As the world develops into a globally interconnected community through communication, transaction, and, sadly, warfare, the oceans have become important pathways that link nations together. Thousands of ships travel the seas on a daily basis, making the ocean even more prone to pollution. Humanity’s reliance on oil for energy has pushed private companies to risk the safety of marine ecosystems to drill into the ocean’s more fragile, underwater oil reserves. Countless times, oil platforms have malfunctioned, spilling millions of gallons of crude oil into the ocean. Despite the complexity of the problem, many nations have created legislation to prevent the pollution from happening in international waters. The difficulty of the issues lies in the fact that many private companies are the culprits behind the harmful waste dumping because their goal is always to cut down costs, which is increasingly difficult when more environmental protection regulations are placed upon them. Another problem is having nation states capture polluters out at sea in neutral territory. In order to clarify maritime boundaries, the UN signed the UN Convention on the Law of the Seas in 1982. Nations themselves, such as the United States and Russia, have implemented laws such as Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act and the 1995 Water Code to tackle the issue. (502) In the world today, management of land, water and living resources is one of the responsibilities of mankind. While resources provide substantial welfare for the society, it is necessary to balance

social, economic, and environmental needs. In order to fulfill such goals, cities are to develop their social and economic edifice to drive urbanization. With that in mind, countries are to seek feasible solutions without destroying natural environments and achieve equilibrium between human and natural resources. Rapid urban growth has degraded the environment in every aspect, such as the overburdening of existing infrastructure, traffic congestion, lack of sufficient housing for civilians, and financial downturns. Acknowledging the fact that there have been tremendous issues regarding unsustainable urbanization, countries all around the globe have been making numerous attempts in solving the issue at hand. Counter-urbanization, a process in which people try to move away from the city, has been one of the proposed solutions in solving the issue. Due to the fact that it has been proven inefficacious, countries treat the proposal as merely an option. In the long term, the issue must be resolved through making the city more sustainable in the most feasible manner. As the chairs of the Environment Committee, we look forward to seeing all of the delegates on the conference day as they construct well-rounded resolutions and present effective debates. We also expect the committee room to be buzzing with ravenous delegates engaging to achieve the mutual objective of solving imminent issues at hand as well as expediting the process of reaching a consensus between nations. We hope all of the delegates will enjoy and appreciate this one-and-only remarkable experience at TAIMUN XII.


Jessica Lin Kelly Lai

Delegations Chair Co-Chair

Isabel Yun-Ru Chen Albania

Brandon Simons Austria

Yi-ning Luo Christine Wang

Belarus Benin

Bolivia Christopher Lam Botswana Jerry Chou Bulgaria Ivy Lu Cameroon Flora Ho

Jamie Wu Kevin Wang

Chad Chile

Victoria Wang

China

Michael Lo Irene Lin Yu Ting Liu Chih Hsuan Chang

Sam Yan Ching-Han Lin

Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Denmark

School IBSH AST IBSH BIFS Taipei Girls IBSH KAS TES KAS KAS IBST IBSH IBSH HAS Hui-Wen Pu Tai Pu Tai

environment committee roster

Name

Hui-Wen SKGHS

Djibouti Hannah Lee Ecuador Cynthia Wu El Salvador Annie Cheung France

SKGHS MCA VTSH

Louis Robinson Fiji

Green School HIS

Ya-Chun Yang

Chris Hsu

India

TES


Delia Wu Jenny Huang Fu Hsiao-Ning Yung Chieh Lin

Joyce Kuo Blair Huang

Delegations Indonesia Italy Japan Kenya Lithuania Luxembourg

Malawi Malaysia Kang-Mei Lin Maldives Clarance Koh Mauritius Hsiao-Han Huang Montenegro Ivory Lee Netherlands Xing-Yi Lin Nicaragua Vicky Chou Nigeria Jimmy Wang New Zealand Hsing-Ya Wu Norway Angel Chang Peru Philippines Sean Von Yolanda Yan Portugal Rae Yang Rick Yang

Brandon Chen Republic of Korea Angel Huang Russian Federation Kuan-Hua Pan San Marino Jing-Chun Qiu Senegal Ricky Chen Luke Lo

Sierra Leone South Africa

School NCPA ISIS Pu Tai Pu Tai ISIS NCPA Hui-Wen Hui-Wen TCGS AST DCHS TES TCGS PAS VTSH Tainan First HIS PAS NIEC KAS TAS Stella TCGS ISIS HIS

environment committee roster

Name


Delegations

School

Wesley Yeh

Switzerland

Beam Sarin

Thailand

KAS TCIS Stella IBSH NCPA AST

You-Shiuan Liao Uganda

Frances Lee Jennifer Li

UNDP United Arab Emirates

Raymond Chiang United Kingdom World Bank Brian Wu Jan Hsiao United States of America

IBST AST

environment committee roster

Name


SOCIAL, HUMANITARIAN, AND CULTURAL COMMITTEE (600) Chair: Tina Hung (AST) Co-Chair: Kelly Lin (MCA) Issues:

(601)The situation of displaced persons and measures to relieve refugee human trafficking (602)Measures to protect vulnerable world heritage sites

Welcome to The Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Committee (SOCHUM) at TAIMUN XII! Your Head Chair is Tina Hung, currently a senior in American School in Taichung.Your Deputy Chair is Kelly Lin, a sophomore from Morrison Academy. We extend our warmest greetings to all delegates. The topics to be covered this year are the situation of displaced persons and measures to relieve refugee human trafficking, and measures to protect vulnerable world heritage. (601) The situation of displaced persons has set a deep root as an issue in various nations. Displaced persons are forced to leave their country and move to a native land and away from home. The movement often leads to serious problem such as human trafficking. In the 21st century, over 27 million people are serving as slaves. In the 27 million people, 35 percent are under the age of 18. In most cases, boys are forced into labor while girls are forced into prostitution. The refugees that are being trafficked across borders are usually children, women or slaves. Some victims are trafficking voluntarily while some are forced. Many traffickers smuggle these victims out of the border to make a business. An estimated of 31.6 billion dollars were generated per year. Such actions are considered crime and violate human rights. In previous attempts, United Nations High Commission for Refugee and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes not only provided support of necessities for these refugees, but also collaborated with local governments to prevent and suppress the problem of Human Trafficking. However, the problems have not yet been fully resolved. Therefore, delegates are encouraged to propose solutions that will further enhance and solve the issue at hand. (602) World Heritage sites are increasingly threatened not only by the natural causes of weathering

and decay but also by man-made destruction. Today forty-four World Heritage sites are inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Many of the World Heritage sites have not establish plans, or policy to reduce risks around and at site. In 2013, seven more sites were added to the in-danger list; and six of them were Syrian sites added due to the nation’s civil war. Mad-made destruction can be stopped however; when natural disasters strike, it often brings unpredictable damages. Most World Heritage sites are added to the list due to the lack of management, armed conflict, or need of financial support. Even though World Heritage sites have been supported by United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) many sites around the world still remained on the list. Funds and plans maybe provided to heritage sites in danger but without supervision and skilled professionals the plan may not be as effective as it should be. In order for plans to be carried our successfully, monitoring and evaluation system needs to be established. The chairs look forward eagerly to see delegates working together in drafting resolutions, forming alliance and convincing each other to capitulate. We look forward in well-prepared delegates and a fruitful debate through out the conference. We wish all delegates the best of luck!


Louis Cheng-Marcout

Esther Son Heh-shiuan Chen

Audi Liu Eric Hu Joshua Sun Shih-ju Chien Jessica Chen Steven Chen Andy Tsai Yu Tzu Hsu We-Ching Wei Serena Yiin Romy Arsenault Erick Chen Jerry Hsi Ho Hsuan Hsieh

Yu Hsien Chou Daniel Liu Sheng Hong Tseng

Hsin Chun Yeh

Country Represented Chair Co-Chair Amnesty International Argentina Australia Austria Belarus Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Chile China Columbia Cuba Denmark Ethiopia France Germany Guatemala India Iraq Italy Japan Kenya

School AST MCA HAS PAS TES BIFS Taipei Girls KAS NCPA KAS Taipei Girls IBSH IBSH HAS Pu Tai SKGHS TAS TES TAS ISIS HIS Pu Tai ISIS Pu Tai Pu Tai

SOCHUM committee roster

Name Tina Hung Kelly Lin Albert Wang Dubby Yu


Country Represented Kenya Kuwait Liberia Libya Luxembourg Malawi Mexico Norway Pakistan Peru Poland Romania Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Spain Switzerland Syria Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States of America

Zimbabwe

School Pu Tai ISIS HAS NIEC NCPA Hui-Wen AST Tainan First Tainan First HIS PAS IBSH TAS KAS IBST KAS TES TCIS Stella NCPA AST AST ISIS

SOCHUM committee roster

Name Hsin Chun Yeh Dino Hsu Jack Low Cornelia Li Zero Lin Tony Chang Samira Saran Hsuan-Yeh Wu Huai-Che Hsiao Sophia Lo William Yang Allen Tsai Erick Chen Kenny Su Audrey Chen Brian Su Alpha Wu Vincent Wang Jung Lin Coco Chen Justin Wei Ralph Tai Ricky Chiang


World Health Organization (WHO) (700) Chair: Civia Chen (IBST) Co-Chair: Jocelyn Loo (AST) Issues:

(701) Expanding vaccine distribution to the global community. (702) Strengthening current protocol regarding communicable disease control.

G

reetings esteemed delegates! Welcome to TAIMUN XII. I am Civia Chen, a senior from IBST, and I am honoured to chair the World Health Organization (WHO) this year with Jocelyn Loo, a junior from (AST), over the next two days.  For this year’s conference, the WHO will focus on the issues of expanding vaccine distribution to the global community and strengthening current protocol regarding communicable disease control. (701) Vaccines are the one of the easiest methods for individuals to become immunized to vaccine preventable diseases, such as tetanus, polio, and malaria. Despite the invention of the life saving dosages, many individuals, especially children around the world still do not have access to them. Hence, in 2000 world leaders met together to create 8 Millennium Goals and one of them, the MDG4 is targeted to reduce childhood mortality; the ultimate goal is to reduce childhood death between the years 1990 to 2015 by two thirds. Now, the year 2015 is only a year away, but the world is nowhere near in fulfilling the MDG4. In order for the goals to be reached, actions have to be made quickly, as time is running out. (702) Whole entire civilisations, kingdoms and nations have fallen due to terrifying and virulent communicable diseases such as small pox, leprosy, and influenza over the past 5000 years. Today, despite modern epidemiology, protocols and international cooperation, communicable diseases still cause about a third of all deaths every year. Under the current status quo, the WHO along with many over international organisations has established a standardised procedure to swiftly respond to and contain communicable diseases in a bounded region following sudden disasters. However, as an international community, we currently lack a well-developed protocol that can be applied to a broader geographical region. In 2003 the highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in Asia significantly impacted worldwide poultry production, consumption and international trade. Due to an incomprehensive protocol, not only did the consequences of the influenza intensify in severity, but also irrational consumer fear hindered

swift containment of the disease. At the international level, consumer fears negatively affected poultry sales, increased tariffs and other trade barriers, and resulted in a 2% decrease of global domestic product, an economic loss of $800 billion USD in May 2002 alone. Although, this issue is one that the House ought to tackle together, the chairs will expect delegates to discuss and debate possible amendments to current existing protocol and the corresponding consequences thereof. The chairs of the WHO look forward to effective resolutions and fruitful debates to the issue at hand. We would like to see well-prepared delegates combine research and understanding to compare the advantages of the resolution to the current status quo. We wish delegates the best of luck and we look forward to working with you all at TAIMUN XII. experience and remember that all outstanding advocates and justices were once novices too. And in the end, what really matters will be the learning experience itself and the new friendships created. We are looking forwards to a heated debate and hope that the conference will turn out to be more than an academic event but also an enthralling experience.


Civia Chen Jocelyn Loo Sheng-Ru Cheng

Jeff Cardinale Jason Chen Lucy Lee Wei-na Chen David Huang Talin Chaturantabut

Claire Hsieh Jewelry Yu Stephan Jao Ken Wu Garret Yang Beam Sarin Angela Chiang Yun-Yu Chen Steven Huang Brian Kuo Jimmy Yang Jasmine Kim Vincent Chuang

Country Represented Chair

WHO committee roster

Name

School IBST AST Co-Chair IBSH Benin Green School Canada IBSH China Hui-Wen Costa Rica SKGHS Dominican Republic TES France Green School Haiti HAS Iran AST Mauritius TES Nepal PAS Poland NIEC Portugal TCIS Republic of Moldova TAS Russian Federation TCGS Senegal ISIS Sierra Leone ISIS Turkmenistan IBSH UNDP AST United Kingdom United States of America AST


Committee on Sustainable Development (800) Chair: John Huang (AST) Co-Chair: Minnie Cheng (TES) Issues: (801) Promoting sustainable solutions to Africa’s malnutrition and extreme poverty (802) Establishing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a follow up to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

C

heers from the TAIMUN XII Sustainable Development Committee! We, John Huang and Minnie Cheng are honored to serve as your chairs for the SUSDEV committee, which focuses on sustaining the earthly resources in the most efficient manner and plan presciently for our future humanity betterment. In this year’s committee, we will be addressing the topics of promoting sustainable solutions to Africa’s malnutrition and extreme poverty (801) and establishing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a follow up to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (802). (801) Africa’s extreme poverty and food shortage have continued to worsen over the years with the increasing population. Nearly one third of the Africa’s population lives in chronic hunger. Malnutrition has become a common disorder among children particularly those who are under the age of five; it is estimated that eight children die every minute in Sub-Saharan Africa of malnutrition and famine. Under consumption of nutrients can weaken the immune system that makes a person more vulnerable to diseases and infections. Food scarcity is one of the major contributing factors to malnutrition. Insufficient food are produced and distributed to households due to several reasons including lack of technology, extreme weather and military conflicts. In addition, due to high poverty rate in Africa, many households couldn’t afford basic necessities that include shelter, food and drinkable water. 40% of the population lives under the poverty line, which is less than $1.25 a day. The UN hopes to achieve its first millennium development goal by 2015 which states: to halve the proportion of people suffering from hunger and extreme poverty. (802) It is a known fact that the MDGs are going to be expired by 2015. In the past years, the MDGs have been the global direction of collaborative goals regarding the eight issues: reduce extreme poverty, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, reduce

mortality, improving maternal health, combating lethal diseases, and developing global partnership. Indeed, these goals are of a massive scale to achieve and therefore though nations have been diligently meeting up the annual targets for the past MDG era, some of the goals are yet to be achieved. Thus, it is essential to consider these previous targets before the construction of the SDGs. Currently, there is the Open Workers Group (OWG) that reinforces the establishment of the SDGs. The exact goals and targets of the SDGs are not yet established. Therefore, regarding the possible solutions of this issue, the goals can be rather open ended with a general purpose of continuing the yet completed MDGs and pragmatically conserving the next decade of global sustainability. Last but not the least, having served as delegates, we are more than delighted to help you for any questions during the conference. Please do not be afraid to approach us if you need any assistance. We hope that this year’s conference will be as fruitful and enjoyable to all of you as it is to us. See you all in TAIMUN XII!


John Huang Minnie Cheng Peter Enoch Cameryn Chen

Jessica Zhao Marjon Saulon Jonathan Pan Kenny Lau Sam Chang

Yun-Ya Lin Michael Fu

Michael Chou Berkay Onaz

Delegations Chair Co-Chair Angola Argentina Brazil Bulgaria

AST TES MCA PAS NCPA KAS

China Côte d’Ivoire Czech Republic Djibouti El Salvador Ethiopia France

IBSH NIEC Hui-Wen SKGHS VTSH TAS TES

Mitchell Wan

Germany Shinzo Chen Indonesia Dennis Siegert Iran Ireland Stella Wu Dylan Williamson Italy Sheng Chieh Chou Japan Yu-Hui Tseng Lesotho Matthew Perng Liberia Jane Jian Winnie Hsieh Milan Zaavy Yu-Hsuan Li

School

Libya Mexico Netherlands Nicaragua

TAS NCPA HAS HIS ISIS Pu Tai Stella HAS NIEC AST TES TCGS

Committee on Sustainable Development roaster

Name


Delegations Cho-Hen Hsieh Norway Han Wang

School Tainan First Tainan First PAS NIEC TAS ISIS

Pakistan Vivi Weng Philippines Tiffany Qin Portugal Hae Kyeung Kang Russian Federation Sweden Samuel Lin IBSH UNDP Yu-Hsien Su Samantha Lin United Kingdom AST James Chang United States of America AST

Committee on Sustainable Development roaster

Name


International Atomic Energy Agency (900) Chair: Ben Lee (Tainan First) Co-Chair: Richie Wang (AST) Issues: (901) Regulation for international nuclear waste disposal. (902) Strengthening and expanding the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

G

reetings to all delegates! Welcome to TAIMUN XII and its brand new committee, the International Atomic Energy Agency. This year, we, Ben Lee from Tainan First Senior High and Richie Wang from American School in Taichung, are honoured to be serving as the student officers for the IAEA. With its first appearance in TAIMUN annual conference, the IAEA this year will be addressing issues on two international regulations in solutions to rapidly increasing nuclear waste and the development of nuclear weapons technology. (901) Nuclear energy has been considered as the future of world of energy. Today, nuclear energy is used in many countries around the country as their main energy sources. However, even nuclear energy has its downfalls. An especially important downfall is the issues with nuclear waste. Currently, there are only classifications that the IAEA has set in place to regulate the nuclear waste. For individual countries, they aren’t so lucky. Due to the long half-life of the waste and the radioactive nature of the waste, it can only be stored underground and away from the population. In the past, countries have collaborated together to dump waste into the ocean through extensive research and analysation to make sure that the waste would not impact the ecology in the ocean. Later, this operation was shut down quickly after concerns of leakage. There are points that delegates need to think about when considering feasible solutions to this issue. When burying underground, a massive issue is the leakage of nuclear materials. After a certain amount of years, radioactive materials can leak out of barrels that they are originally stored in. In America, Washington is one of the biggest culprits of waste leakage. With an astonishing 300 gallons a year, it is causing great harm to the nearby environment. Fortunately, it is not the only feasible option to store nuclear waste. Countries are looking into stabilizing the waste enough so that there are less leakage and for safer storage. However, the chair still suggests delegate focus on regulating nuclear waste on a global scale instead of a country wide scale. (902) After World War II, there was a trend of developing nuclear weapons among each member state. By 1970, China, France, Russia, the US, and the UK had already

finished their tests on nuclear devices before the NPT came into effect. For fear that the rigorous armament race would cause tensions to regions and further result in another world war, the UN commenced its endeavour drafting a series of regulations toward nuclear development in 1968, which is now known as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The treaty did reach the UN’s expectations of lessening the increase in total amount of nuclear weapons worldwide. Since 1970, there are only three more countries, India, Pakistan, and DPRK, possessing and successfully launching nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, the international society was later aware of the failure of the NPT. The equivocality of the contents is commonly seen in all legislative documents. Second, its lack of power against non-NPT parties has aroused doubts toward the effect of the NPT. Last but not least, little attention paid to the nuclear development for energy use remains a weakness of the NPT that member states from Africa and Latin America are being less cooperative to the affairs of the NPT. As a result, there are Review Conferences held every five year by the UN to thoroughly examine the treaty itself; furthermore, replenish the treaty. Also, the conferences released several key documents on future plan for the NPT, such as 13-Steps and the Action Plan. It is sure that the practice of the NPT and the construction of a safer world require further consensus and cooperation from all nations. With two interesting debate topics for IAEA this year, the chairs look forward to the fruitful debates that the delegates are going to bring to the committee this year. When writing your resolutions, please keep in mind that these resolutions should be able to be applied on a worldwide scale. While delegates look at the chair reports of each issue, all of them have bibliographies at the end of the report. Delegates are strongly advised to look at the bibliography as a head start on their research. Best of luck and you all at the conference!


Ben Lee

Delegations Chair

Richie Wang Co-Chair Greg Hsu Argentina Christopher Lu Botswana Joshua Ji Brazil China Samuel Hsia Eric Huang Ted Chang Shoki Ko Justin Liu Kevin Yeh Chia-Ying Tai Philip Lin Vincent Chi Jonathan Wu Leann Yoo Karim Butt Jenny Huang Terry Chung Cliff Yu Fabien Chu

Côte d’Ivoire Czech Republic DPRK France Japan Kyrgyzstan Mexico Nigeria Russian Federation South Africa

School Tainan First AST PAS TES NCPA IBSH NIEC Hui-Wen AST TES Pu Tai DCHS AST PAS TAS HIS IBST ISIS

Spain Sweden UNEP TAS United Kingdom AST United States of America AST

IAEA COMMITTEE ROASTER

Name


International Court of Justice (ICJ) (1000) Chair: Connor Lin (TAS) Co-Chair: Jeffrey Chen (AST) Case: Sinking of the ROKS Cheonan

G

reetings advocates and justices! We, the chairs of the committee, would like to welcome you to the very first International Court of Justice conference in the Taiwan Model United Nations. As you are probably aware of, the ICJ’s powers include giving legal advice to the other organs of the UN and settling international disputes through Contentious Proceedings. For the case this year South Korea will be accusing North Korea for sinking the Cheonan corvette, which lead to the deaths of 46 people. TAS advocates will be representing South Korea while AST delegates will be defending North Korea, while judgement will be made by justices from an assortment of schools. The ICJ was the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) which functioned similarly to the ICJ under the League of Nations, the antecedent of the United Nations. The PCIJ’s statute was adopted in December of 1920, but the ineffective League of Nations collapsed after the Second World War started. After the war, the San Francisco Conference was held in April to June of 1945 to create the UN Charter, under which the ICJ will be established to become one of the principal organs of the UN, on par with the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, and etc. The ICJ has since become essential in solving international disputes peacefully, with all of its judgements being final without the possibility of appeals. The Cheonan was participating in a naval exercises in the Yellow Sea when it suddenly experienced an explosion at its stern before sinking just 17.5 km off the coast of North Korea, with the closest North Korean naval base only 56 kilometers away. South Korea later accused the North of sinking their ship, while the North denies all claims by the South and the findings of an international investigation report. The UN Security Council statement condemns the attack but does not clearly put blame on any party. At the ICJ, South Korea will be accusing North Korea for sinking their ship, which means the South will be the plaintiff while the North will be the defendant. Advocates should compile a proper and complete evidence packet, which is really important because you will be using it to back your speech.Your evidence packet should contain all the facts and sources you’re using in your speech. It would be wise to include additional information in your evidence packet in case a key evidence of yours get denied. Advocates are essentially the lawyers

of the nation they are representing, and their objective is to convince the justices that their side is right and the other side is wrong with sharp arguments. Be confident! Do not be afraid of embarrassment as the ICJ has significantly less people than other committees, and speak as boldly and furiously as possible. Walk around the room like you own the place and dramatize your argument with animated gestures to assert dominance! Scare the other side into cowering away. A recommendation is to watch a few movies or shows with courtroom cases and imitate the lawyer’s behavior and way of talking. Get into the mood and act as if your life depends on the outcome of the case (especially for DPRK advocates!), but stay logical at all times. Justices should remain unbiased before the proceedings, and fair and subjective at all times. A good justice is able to understand the situation from the perspective of both sides, and during the presentation of the case, justices should be as harsh as possible to the advocates. That is, they must try their best to ask acute questions (that do not violate rules) that will reveal flaws of the advocates argument. Question everything. Remember, you play god in determining the fate of the case, and you are above the rank of the advocates, so show no mercy. If you are a justice, we believe you have a unique thought process and personal character that will allow you to contribute a different perspective on the case, adding to the diversity of ideas. For some of you, this ICJ conference will just be another tally mark on your number of conferences attended, while for others, this will be your very first ICJ conference. Do not be afraid to speak up, as your dedication to your role, either as a justice or an advocate, is more important than experience and remember that all outstanding advocates and justices were once novices too. And in the end, what really matters will be the learning experience itself and the new friendships created. We are looking forwards to a heated debate and hope that the conference will turn out to be more than an academic event but also an enthralling experience.


Connor Lin Jeffrey Chen Emily Chao Clement Hsu Stacey Chen

Country Represented

Chair Co-Chair Advocate (DPRK) Advocate (DPRK) Advocate (DPRK) Sammuel Biddick Advocate (ROK) Daphne Liu Judge Eric Lin Advocate (ROK) Albert Hu Judge Courtney Young Judge Powen Jenq Judge Stefanie (Yi-Ju) Wang Advocate (ROK) Ernie (Er Aun) Ng Judge

School TAS AST AST AST AST TAS TAS TAS AST AST IBSH IBSH IBSH

ICJ roster

Name


The Life of Resolution Pre-conference Research and Resolution Drafting Support 5 Hard Copies and one on a USB Drive

conference Day 1 Lobby and negotiate in committee room Final copy and print in computer room Submit resolution to approval panel Rejections for revision Go back to satellite lab

#1 IN

#2 REJECTION

Approved resolutions go into “official� committee folders

conference Day 2 Only official resolutions debated

#3 OFFICIAL


TAIMUN X TAIMUN X TAIMUN X TAIMUN X TAIMUN X TAIMUN X Computer and Internet Use/ Resolution Procedures/ Notes and Speeches

Resolution Approval Process and Procedures

• Please come to lobbying day with hard copies and your resolutions on USB drive. • There will be a computer room for finalizing resolutions and an approval panel room for “reviewing” official resolutions. • These rooms and panel will operate all day Thursday of the conference and Friday whenever needed. • There will be folders for each committee at the front desk of the approval room. One for each committee. • Resolutions in these folders will be given to faculty readers for final proofing before printing the official resolution book. • Only two resolution authors can work at a computer in the computer room. • Resolutions should not exceed two pages. • An approved resolution must have the signature of a faculty reader from the approval panel room. • Only official resolutions will be printed in the committee resolution books on Thursday for distribution in committee. • The Chairs and Secretaries General will review the resolutions in the folders before printing the resolution books for committee debates. • The Approval Panel Coordinator keeps the folders secure. • The number of submitters needed per resolution for submitting to the Approval Panel is 25% of the number of delegates in a committee or 6 delegates depending on which number is bigger. • Resolution headings should contain two lines for submitters: (1) the name of the main submitter country and (2) co-submitters.

Computer and Internet Use • No internet use will be made available for delegates as it interrupts and distracts from committee meetings but either the chair or a faculty member will have internet use in a committee room to support discussions. • No laptops are allowed at the podium during opening speeches. • During presentations and when taking the floor it is permitted to use a laptop but not when responding to points of information. • It is OK to use a laptop at one’s seat as long as all use is conference / committee related.

Opening Speeches and

The length of opening speeches is one minute and all delegates should prepare to deliver a speech on one of the issues in their committee. Note passing is not allowed during opening speeches. Notes and speeches must be in English and relate to TAIMUN topics.


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TAIMUN Formal Expressions and Rules of Debate

TAIMUN Formal Expressions and Terms of Address

The essential thing to be borne in mind by the Chair and as well as the members of the committee is that a debate is a very formal means of discussion. Delegates are strongly encouraged to be polite and formal at all times. Delegates should be familiar with the turns of phrase and the vocabulary listed under Modes of Address below.

Modes of Address

All speeches should begin: “Mr. (or Madam) Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen of the house…” All references to other speakers should be in the third person, e.g. “Is the speaker aware that…” NOT: “Do you think…” and within a speech, a speaker should not say: “You said …” but say: “As the (honorable) delegate of Nigeria, has told the committee…”

Phrases to be used by members of the house:

• Mr./Madam Chairperson • The delegate request/wish to have the floor. • May the delegate rise to a point of information/ point of order. • The delegate wishes to speak in favor of/against this motion/resolution/amendment because… • Is the Chair/speaker (not) aware that… • Does the speaker (not) agree with me that… • The speaker stated in his/her speech…Does he/ she (not) realize that… • The delegate yields the floor (to points of information). • The delegate moves to amend the resolution by striking/inserting/adding the words… • The delegate urges the house to give me its support by voting for/against this motion/ resolution/ amendment.

Phrases to be used by members of the house:

Phrases to be used by the Chairperson: • The house will come to order/Will the house please come to order. • The chair calls upon X (the submitter) to read the resolution to the house. • The house has heard the resolution. Is there a second? • The Chair fixes a debate time of 10 minutes for and 10 minutes against the motion. • The delegate of …..X…. has the floor. • All points are out of order until the speaker has concluded his speech. • Will the speaker entertain points of information? • The Chair recognizes the delegate of …..Y…... To what point do you rise? • Please rise and state your point (of information/ order). • Will you please state your point in the form of a question. • The speaker appears not to have heard/understood your question. • Will you please repeat/rephrase your question. • Are there any further points on the floor / of information to this speaker? • There’s a point of order on the floor. Please rise and state your point. • Your point is (not) well taken. • Will the speaker please make his concluding remarks. • Will the speaker yield the floor? • Debate time for/against the resolution/the amendment has been exhausted/has expired. • Debate time has expired. Will the speaker please yield the floor. • The Chair proposes an extension of debate by 5 minutes for and 5 minutes against the motion. • The debate is now closed. We will move into voting procedures. All points are out of order.


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Acknowledgments ******************

Thank you to all of the American School in Taichung (AST) Faculty, Staff, and Students for serving as hosts for the annual TAIMUN Conference.

Special Appreciation and Thanks: Mr. Mark Helman - Conference Organization, Instruction, and Participant Information Booklet

Ms.Yao-Wei Chang- Coordination & Support for Fa Zhi Elementary School Guest Performers All AST Faculty - Cooperation & Support of Guests for conference days on campus

Mr. Simo Nylander- Press Organization, Digital Program Flipbook, and TAIMUN Banner Design

All School Directors, MUN-Directors, and Chaperones - Instruction and Support

Ms. Andrew Corcoran - Conference Supervision

Ms. Ching Wang - Student Data Organization, Inter-School Correspondence, Certificates, and Conference Support

Mr. Sunny Jan - Venues, Meals, Transportation, Procurement / Conference Materials and Budget Control Ms. Alice Shin- TAIMUN Accountant Herriet Hsieh - Secretary General, Conference Organization, and Officer Leadership

Tiffany Lieu, - Student Admin Conference Organization / Badges, Placards, and Secretarial Teams

Stephanie Lai, Jenny Luk, Rose Kuan, Cassandra Lieu, Angela Chao, Jasmine Yeh, Stacey Chen – Press Team Members, Digital Program Flipbook Mr. Dan Norton-Middaugh–Tech Support & Supervision

Special Appreciation and Thanks to Sponsorship/ Support Organizations of TAIMUN XII:

Taiwan Princeton Review - TAIMUN Mini-Book Sponsorship United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Blue Heart Foundation –Blue Heart Pins and Blue Heart Informational Brochures Fa Zhi Elementary School – Opening Ceremony Taiwanese Indigenous Performance


American School in Taichung 21-1, Chu Yuan Lane, Pei-Tun, Taichung, Taiwan 40661 Republic of China Telephone: 886-4-2239-7532 Fax: 886-4-2239-7520 www.ast.tc.edu.tw


Taimun XII Flipbook