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Textiles for AGeing Society – TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes J. Široký, F. Constantin, B. Široká, T. Bechtold, L. Boccaletti, L. Ligabue The Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development “Textiles for Ageing Society” Grant Agreement Number 290494 FP7 – NMP – 2011 – CSA – 5

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


AGEING SOCIETY – DRIVING FORCE

Source: Eurostat (data from October 2011) http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Population_structure_and_ageing#

http://www.salon.com/2010/10/31/shock_of_gray_interview/

 Almost 14% of the EU population is over the age of 65 and this figure is expected to double by 2050. By then we will have a total of 134.5 million older Europeans.  Over the last century average life expectancy in Europe has increased for males from 45.7 to 75.0 years, and for females from 49.6 to 79.9 years, birth rate has reduced.  The proportion of very old people (aged 80 and above) in the EU-25 will grow from 4% in 2004 to reach 6% by 2025 and 10% by 2050. Source: i2010: Independent Living for the Ageing Society (2007) http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/policy_link/brochures/documents/independent_living.pdf

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


COMMON IMAGE OF OLDER PEOPLE

Nora Batty by lukaszduleba http://www.flickr.com/photos/lukaszduleba/

by karlequin http://www.flickr.com/photos/karlequin/

Definition of an older or elderly person according WHO: “Most developed world countries have accepted the chronological age of 65 years as a definition of 'elderly' or older person, but this does not adapt well to the situation in Africa. At the moment, there is no United Nations standard numerical criterion, but the UN agreed cutoff is 60+ years to refer to the older population.” (Source: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/index.html)

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


Cognitive decline

STAGES NOT AGES

by Felix Clay http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/apr/09/baby-boomers-old-peoples-homes

Physical decline http://blogs.people.co.uk/sam-cope/2011/01/definitely-not-over-the-hill-h.html

Older people can present with varying stages of physical and cognitive* decline – each having specific needs. *Cognitive abilities are: attention, language, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making 4

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


COMMON ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH AGEING

Tissue changes

Breathing problems

Osteoporosis

Loss of physical strength

Bone and joint conditions

Loss of cognitive functions

Stroke

Heart attack

Dementia

Diabetes

Arthritis

Eye problems (cataracts, glaucoma)

Parkinson’s disease Reduced immune system

Alzheimers

Hypertension

Incontinence Loss of balance – risk of falling, headaches or feeling dizzy Arteriosclerosis

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Depression

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

Cancer 52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


TAGS – IN DETAILS

Topic called:

NMP.2011.2.3-3 – Networking of materials laboratories and innovation actors in various industrial sectors for product or process innovation – coordination and support actions

Start - End:

1.1.2012 – 31.12.2015 (4 years)

Budget:

€1.12 Million (Funded by EC to 100%)

Technical • New alliances are needed to bring together all the actors and to Content/Scope: broker collaboration between material research and industrial entrepreneurs. • To stimulate the creation of new ideas/materials to create new businesses (with novel or boosted alliances between material researchers and “creative industries“) • Aiming at constituting teams of innovators able to close the loop from the laboratories to a product to determine added value or a novel industrial process. • Actors competent in other aspects that can play a critical role in boosting competitiveness and accelerate success (metrology, standardization, socio-economic, health or environmental impact, regulation) 6

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


TAGS CONSORTIUM

Innovation and Techn. Transfer Org.

Research Coordination • University of Innsbruck • Thuringian Institute of Textiles and Plastics Research

• Fondazione Democenter-Sipe

Technology Development • Nonwovens Innovation and Research Institute, Ltd.

Care Providers • Connexia – Gesellschaft für Gesundheit und Pflege gem. GmbH • Vorarlberger KrankenhausBetriebsgesellschaft m.b.H • Anziani E Non Solo società cooperativa

• WarmX • Textilverein – Registered association of textile SMEs • Tessitura Florida S.R.L.

Industry/Manufacturers 7

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


GENERAL SCHEME

Fields of interest: • Bedding textiles • Clothing • Textile products for hygiene and personal care • Therapeutic and recreational/leisure textiles

● Initiation of new projects/co-operations ● New innovation products

New concepts/solutions Common understanding

Concentrating of new ideas

between research institutions, industrial partners and end-users Collection of Information Identification of present state of the art, problem areas, demand, available materials and processes, limitations and challenges, definition of requirements 8

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


TOOLS Present materials/pro ducts

Brainstorming

• Care recipients • Care giver • Manufacturers • Designers • Research

Barriers

Demands

TAGS Consortium

• Knowledge • Expertise

Recommends

Experts

• Care givers • Manufacturers • Designers • Researchers • Medical doctors

Questionnaire: (care-recipients and -givers, manufacturers) 9

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

Requests

Problems • Bedding Textiles • Clothing

Proposals / New Ideas

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SELECTED OUTCOMES – BEDDING TEXTILES http://decubitusulcervictims.com

Moisture, wet or damp perception

Moisture management appropriate

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Prevention of bed sores - skin damage

Fluid/liquid content increases friction, shear force, and pressure to skin builds

Implementation of suitable:

Consequence:

• materials • textile construction • moisture monitoring tools

• Blood circulation reduced • Tissue necrosis • Decubitus or pressure ulcer • Loss of life

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SELECTED OUTCOMES – MATERIALS Outcome from questionnaire among care institutions (incl. care givers and receivers); total respondents represented ~1000: Materials wished for in bedding (%) 4.5

4.5

Materials used in bedding (%)

8.5

Austria 100

94.8 AUSTRIA Natural

Synthetic

Italy

80 60

ITALY Do not know

Other

40 20 0

Possible reasons not be used: • Natural materials preferred • End-users not aware about othertextiles optionsgone?? Where all synthetic/functional • Materials development is ahead without connection to end-users • Functional textiles do not reach end-users 11

TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SELECTED OUTCOMES - COLOR

“Why does everything have to be beige, I hate beige, no one ever asks me what I want!”

Need for: ● Colorful textiles ● Light colors – provides safe feeling (others can see me)

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SELECTED OUTCOMES - BARRIERS

Potential for added value / functionality in bed sheets not recognised •End-user expectations / needs recognised

Existing garments are not designed for elderly’s use •Reason – Changes in body shape can make it very difficult to acquire correctly fitting clothing, leading to discomfort and loss of dignity

Issues with trust to sensors •End-user – is something wrong with me? •Care giver – if technology fails, the quality of care will be questioned

by bulldog1 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bulldogsrule/ Source: http://www.wacoal.ph/mvc/page/p-4

Work together with the care organisation, care givers towards innovations (no linkage between research, manufacturers and end-users) •Example – Pads / diapers available with blue sign when wet – no chance to see it during night

Cost – Financial issues are striking, limited financial capacity, affordable smart textiles / materials Marketing barrier •Fear to damage of brand image •Fragmented market

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SELECTED OUTCOMES – PROBLEM ADULT INCONTINENCE MARKET • • • • •

incontinence affects up to 7 % of the world’s population that is over 20 million people! it is growing at about 5 % annually Europe accounts for just less than 40% of the total market, North America for slightly more than 20% and Asia for just under 30% single-use adsorbent hygiene products are state of the art Actual requirement profile of adult pads: o no leakage o no rewet o no noise o no bulk = almost invisible to all others o no odour = at least no urine odour o easy to wear - easy to dispose

Eco friendly / environmentally sustainable??? no need of biodegradability (no expansion for composting facilities) reduction of crude-oil consumption F. Meister, M. Krieg; Textiles for Ageing Society – An Material Overview; TAGS 1st Mid-Year meeting, June 2012

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


SUMMARY

 Bedding textiles contribute significantly to the overall quality of sleep – high importance – help to maintain a good condition of elderly  Chemistry of materials / materials development is ahead without connection to end-users  Integrate the discipline of design as early as possible into the planning process of product development – pattern development and colourful product available  Formulate the market of adapted clothing and formulate concepts to innovate / develop design  Necessity to link / network all players on the textiles and clothing market, research institutions, social and medical care providers – the innovative products / materials / ideas will reach end-users  It needs to be shown to care givers: How textiles actually improve their work  “Why to use intelligent (smart) textiles and not textiles more intelligently” – often raw materials can provide advantageous characteristics and properties

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


OUR TARGET

“Creating a better life for all”

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn


THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Contact: Research Institute of Textile Chemistry and Textile Physics Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck Höchsterstrasse 73, 6850 Dornbirn Tel.: +43 (0) 5572 28533 593 E-mail: jan.siroky@uibk.ac.at textilchemie@uibk.ac.at Follow us: Homepage: http://www.textilesforageingsociety.eu/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/TextilesForAgeingSocietyTAGS Twitter: https://twitter.com/#TAGS_FP7

“The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No. 290494.”

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TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes

52nd Man-made Fibres Congress, 11-13.9. 2013, Dornbirn

Profile for FP7 Ageing: Textiles

Textiles for AGeing Society – TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes  

Textiles for AGeing Society – TAGS – An Overview and Selected Outcomes  

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