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P\-]Yw

C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]_vfnIv dnte-j≥kv hIp∏v {]kn-≤o-I-cWw G{]n¬ 2014 ]pkvXIw 3 e°w 2

apJ°p-dn∏v

e-mail : prdmalayalam@gmail.com Website : www.prd.kerala.gov.in

No^v FUn-‰¿ an\n B‚Wn sF.F.Fkv. Ub-d-IvS¿ C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]ªnIv dnte-j≥kv tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-‰nMv FUn-‰¿

kn. ctajvIpam¿ AUo-j-W¬ Ub-dIvS¿ sU]yq´n No^v FUn-‰¿

sI.-kn. A\n¬Ip-am¿ sU]yq´n Ub-d-IvS¿ FUn-‰¿

tIc-fØ - ns‚ A`n-am\ Ie

F¬. hmƒ´¿ Un{Iqkv {Sm≥kvte‰¿

CµptiJ¿ sI.Fkv. Unssk-\¿

{]Imiv hn.-Fkv. Nn{X-߃

sF. & ]n.-B¿.-Un. (t^mt´m-{Km^n hn`mKw) k¿°p-te-j≥ Hm^o-k¿

ssjem_oKw F≥. Ih¿ & teHu´v

sI. _nPp {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Fkv.B¿. {]ho¨, Xncph\¥]pcw sI. A_vZpƒ djoZv, sIm√w i‡nIpam¿ B¿, ]Ø-\w-Xn´ sI.B¿. {]tamZvIpam¿, Be∏pg hn.B¿. kt¥mjv, tIm´bw Sn.-kn. N{µ-lm-k≥, Fd-Wm-Ipfw sI.Sn. tiJc≥, CSp°n Fw.Fkv. Aen-°p™v, Xriq¿ kn. Aø∏≥, ]me-°mSv hn.-]n. kpe-`-Ip-amcn, ae-∏pdw sI.-]n. A_vZpƒ JmZ¿, tImgn-t°mSv C. kPohv, hb-\mSv C.hn. kpK-X≥, IÆq¿ sI. A_vZpƒ dlvam≥, Imk¿tImSv tUm. kn. thWptKm]m¬, U¬ln

P\-]Yw X]m-en¬ e`n-°m≥ Ub-d-IvS¿, C≥^¿ta-j≥ ˛ ]_vfnIv dnte-j≥kv hIp-∏v, H∂mw-\n-e, sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v A\-Ivkv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw˛695001 tÉv C≥^¿ta-j≥ sk‚¿, {]kv ¢_v _n¬UnMv, Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w, t^m¨:2518471 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, knhn¬ tÃj≥, IpS-∏-\-°p∂v ]n.H, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw, t^m¨: 731300 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, H∂mw\ne, knhn¬ tÃj≥, sIm√w, t^m¨:2794911 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, {Ku≠v ^vtfm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, ]Ø-\w-Xn-´, t^m¨:2222657 • Pn√m C≥^¿taj≥ Hm^okv , {Ku≠v ^v t fm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, Ipbn¬ae, ss]\m-hv, CSp-°n, t^m¨:2233036 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, knhn¬ tÃj≥ tImºu≠v, Be-∏p-g, t^m¨:2251349 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, ^Ãv ^vtfm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, tIm´-bw, t^m¨:2562558 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, ]m¿°v Ah\yp, sIm®n, t^m¨:2354208 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, c≠mw \ne, knhn¬ tÃj≥, Aø- t ¥mƒ, Xriq¿, t^m¨:2360644 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, {Ku≠v ^vtfm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, ]me-°m-Sv, t^m¨:2533329 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta- j ≥ Hm^okv , knhn¬ tÃj≥, ae- ∏ pdw, t^m¨:2734387 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, knhn¬ tÃj≥, sabn≥ _n¬Unw-Kv, tImgn-t°m-Sv, t^m¨:2370225 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, {Ku≠v ^vtfm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, I¬∏‰ t\m¿Øv , hb- \ m- S v , t^m¨:6202529 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, {Ku≠v ^vtfm¿, knhn¬ tÃj≥, IÆq¿, t^m¨:2700231 • Pn√m C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv , knhn¬ tÃj≥, hnZym- \ - K ¿, Imk¿tKm- U v , t^m¨:4255145 • C≥^¿ta-j≥ Hm^okv, tIcf lukv, 3˛P-¥¿ a¥¿ tdmUv, \yqU¬ln, t^m¨: 011 23343424

teJ-I-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-߃ k¿°m-cn-t‚-Xm-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂n-√. Ah-bpsS DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw teJ-I¿°p am{X-am-bn-cn°pw. hnemkw FUn-‰¿, P\-]-Yw, C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]_vfnIv dnte-j≥kv hIp-∏v, sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v A\-Ivkv, H∂mw -\n-e, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw˛1 t^m¨: 0471-˛2518171

A

Sn-apSn tIc-fo-b-X-bm¿∂ ae-bm-f-\m-Sns‚ \rØ-cq-]-ß-fn¬ Gsd {][m-\-s∏-´-XmWv tamln-\n--bm-´w. ap{Z-I-fnepw emkyN-e-\-ß-fnepw kwKo-X-Øn-ep-sa√mw \nd-bp∂ emh-Wytim`-bm¬ temIØns‚ a\w Ih¿∂ IvfmknIv \rØ-cq]-amWv tamln-\n-bm-´w. `c-Xs‚ \mSy-im-kv{X-hy-h-ÿ-b\p-k-cn-®p≈ NXp¿hn-[m-`n-\bw kzoI-cn-®n-cn-°p∂, Zmknbm-´-Øn¬\n∂v ]cn-W-an-®p-≠mbn F∂p ]WvUn-X¿ A\pam-\n-°p∂ Cu tIc-fo-b-\r-Ø-Øns‚ C∂p ImWp∂ DcpØn-cn-b-en-\p-]n-∂n¬ ]e alm-flm-°-fp-sSbpw kw`m-h-\I-fp-≠v. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ alm-cm-Pm-hm-bn-cp∂ kzmXn-Xn-cp\m-fns‚ ]¶mWv AXn¬ FSp-Øp-]-d-tb-≠-Xv. kmln-XyØnepw kwKo-X-Ønepsa√mw Bg-ta-dnb ]mWvUn-Xy-ap≠m- b n- c p∂ A- t ±lw sshhn- [ y- a p≈ Km\- k m- l n- X yw \¬Inbpw Ah-X-c-W-Øn¬ hyh-ÿm-]nXXzw hcp-Ønbpw Cu Iem-cq-]sØ taml-\-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ {it≤-b-amb CSs]-S¬ \S-Øn. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ aq∂mw ZiIw apX¬ tIcf Iem-a-WvU-ehpw alm-Ihn h≈-tØmƒ \mcm-b-Wta-t\m\pw \S-Ønb {]b-Xv\-߃ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\p ]pXnb DW¿hp-≠m-°n. Nn∂-Ωp-h-Ωbpw Iem-a-WvUew Ieym-Wn-°p-´n-bΩbpw Iem-a-WvUew kXy-`m-abpw AS°-ap≈ Ht´sd t{ijvT \¿ØIn-I-fpsS ka¿∏nX kw`mh-\-Iƒ CXn¬ D≠v. `mcXn inh-Pnsbbpw I\Iv sdsesb-bpw-t]mse A\y-tZ-i-ß-fn¬\n∂v tIc-fob \rØ-I-ebn¬ BIr-jvS-cm-sb-Ønb \¿Ø-In-Ifpw tamln-\n-bm´sØ `c- X - \ mSyw t]mse- b p≈ a‰v `mc- X o- b - \ r- Ø ßƒs°m∏w temI-{i-≤-bn¬ {]Xn-jvTn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Xß-fptS-Xmb kw`m-h-\-Iƒ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. tamln-\-nbm´Øn¬ CXnt\m-SIw kz¥w hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n-°m≥ Ign™ \nch[n bph--\¿ØI¿ Cu ]mX-bn¬ apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. tIcf-Øns‚ A`n-am-\-\-S-\-ß-fn-sem-∂mb tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn-eq-sS-bp≈ k©m-c-amWv Cu e°w P\-]-YØns‚ khn-ti-j-X.

an\n B‚Wn No^v FUn-‰¿


Ih¿tÃmdn

P\-]Yw

G{]n¬ 2014

28

6˛24

t^mt´m ^o®¿

tIc-fob \rØ-]m-c-º-cy-Øns‚ emky-e-b-`wKn \nd-™p\n¬°p∂ Iem-cq-]-amWv tamln-\n-bm-´w. AXns‚ Ncn-{XsØbpw ssieo-t`-Z-ß-sfbpw hg-°-ß-sf-bpw-Ip-dn®v A`n{]m-b-t`-Z-ßfp≈ hyXykvX [mc-Iƒ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-s≠¶nepw tamln-\n-bm´w C∂v hntZi Iem-Im-cn-I-sf-bpw-IqSn BI¿j-W-h-e-b-Øn-emgvØnb emh-Wy-in-ev]-ambn amdn-bncn-°p-∂p. Imhmew \mcm-b-W-∏-Wn-°¿, tUm.-hn.-Fkv i¿a, Iem-WvUew kXy-`m-a, Iem-a-WvUew hna-em-ta-t\m≥, hn.-I-em-[-c≥ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-h-gnI-fn-eqsS k©-cn-°p-∂p.

25

C¥y≥ kwKo-X-Øns‚ Bflob ssiew ctaiv tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥

a{µ-ÿm-bn-bn-ep≈ Bem-]-\-h-gn-bn-eqsS I¿WmS-I-kw-Ko-XsØ Akm-[m-c-W-am-sbmcp Bflobm-\p-`-h-am-°n-am-‰nb Fw.Un cma-\m-Y≥ IS-∂pt]m-bn´v aq∂p-Z-i-I-߃ ]n∂n-Sp∂p.


34 ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ \n¿`b amXrI hn\p F.

37 hmZy-Ip-e] - X - n°v {]Wmaw tdmkvan≥ tPmbv

30 38 am∏nf ae-bm-f-Øns‚ Ci-ep-Iƒ \neo≥ In≈q¿

41

sNdnb Zwi\w sIm√p∂ tcmK-߃ tUm. Fkv. kPn-XvIp-am¿

sImXp-Ipƒs∏-sS-bp≈ AWp-hm-l-I-Po-hn-Iƒ ]c-Øp∂ amc-I-tcm-K-߃ h¿jm-h¿jw tIcf-Ønepw `oj-Wn-bp-b¿Øp-∂p. G{]n¬ Ggn\v temIm-tcm-Ky-Zn\w BNcn-°p-∂-Xns‚ ]›m-Øe-Øn¬ CØcw tcmK-ß-sfbpw AXn\p ImcW-°m-cmb Pohn-I-sfbpw]‰n {i≤n-t°-≠-Xv.

\ntbm-dn-be - n-kØ - ns‚ ae-bmf \SØw cmtPjv sI. Fcp-taen

43 48

iqen-ap-Sn-bpsS hnip≤ `qan-bn¬

A∂-hn-Nmcw ap∂-hn-Nmcw

apcfn Iq´-ºpg

tUm. Fgp-a-‰q¿ cmP-cm-P-h¿a

50 `cWaebmfw

tIc-fØ - nse `c-W` - mj B¿. inh-Ip-am¿

52 a[p-cn°pw Btcm-Ky-Zm-bn-\n-Iƒ hn.-Fw.-F. eØo^v

54 ]qØp-ebs´ IWn-s°m-∂° - mew sI. t{]a-N-{µ≥ \mb¿

46 47

]Z]mTw ]pkvX-I-]-cn-Nbw


Ih¿tÃmdn

tUm. hn.-F-kv. i¿a

tamln-\n-bm´w

tIc-f-Ø\n-a-bm-¿∂ emky-\rØw c-f-Ønse \rØ-cq-]-ß-fn¬ G‰hpw {][m\-s∏´ emky-k-{º-Zm-b-amWv tamln-\n-bm´w. tamln\n F∂ ]Zw tamln-∏n-°p-∂-hƒ F∂ A¿Y-Øn-emWv {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. ]mem-gn-a-Y-\w IY-bn¬ Akp-c-∑msc tamln-∏n-°m-\mbn hnjvWp-`-K-hm≥ tamln\o-cq-]-Øn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-´p. Akp-c-∑msc am{X-a√ {io]-c-ta-iz-c-s\-°qSn B tamln\n hn{`-an-∏n-®p-sh-∂mWv IY. cp‹mw-K-Z-N-cn-XØn¬ cp‹mw-K-Zs‚ GIm-Z-in-{hXw apS-°m\mbn Hcp tamln\n {]Xy-£-s∏-´-Xmbn ]dbp-∂p-≠v. `kvam-kp-c-\n-{K-l-I-Y-bnepw Hcp tamln-\n-bp-≠v. Cu tamln-\n-am-scm∂pw \¿Ø-In-am-cm-bn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ tIc-fo-bamb \rØ-cq-]-Øn\v "tamln-\n-bm´w' F∂ t]cv ssIh-∂Xv taml-I-amb, kam-I¿jI- a mb emky- \ rØw F∂pw tamln- ∏ n°p∂ \¿Ø-In-bpsS \rØw F∂pw a‰pap≈ k¶¬∏-Øn-em-Wv. B´w F∂ ]Zw IqSn-bm-´w, IrjvW-\m-´w, cma-\m-´w, IY-Ifn-bm-´w, Xnd-bm-´w, apSn-bm-´w, AjvS] - Z- n-bm´w XpS-ßnb Iem-cq-]-\m-a-ß-fn-se√mw {]tbmKn-®n-´p-≈Xv A`n-\-bm¿Y-I-am-bn-´m-Wv. B´w F∂ ]Zw tN¿∂v hy]- t Z- i n- ° - s ∏- S p∂ At\Iw Iem- \ m- a - ß ƒ thsdbpw D≠v . tamln-\n-bpsS \S-\w-˛-\rØw F∂ A¿YØn-emWv tamln-\n-bm´w F∂ ]Zw {]tbmKn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

tI

]q¿h-]-cm-a¿i-߃ Im¿ØnI Xncp-\mƒ alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ _me-cm-a-`-c-X-Øn¬ tamln-\o\-S-\-sØ-∏‰n ]cm-a¿i-ap-≠v. 18 mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ Bcw-`Øn¬ ag-aw-K-eØp \mcm-b-W≥ \ºq-Xncn cNn® hyh-lm-c-am-e-bn¬ tamln-\n-bm´w \¿Ø-In-Iƒ°v \¬tI-≠p∂ {]Xn-^-esØ- ∏ ‰n kqN- \ - b p- ≠ v. 18 mw iX- I Øn¬Øs∂ Ip©≥ \ºym¿ tLmjbm{X Hm´≥Xp-≈-enepw a‰pw tamln-\n-bm´-sØ-∏‰n {]kvXm-hn®p ImWp-∂p. 14, 15 \q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ cNn-°-s∏´ Nt{µm-’-hw, DÆp-\o-en-k-tµiw XpS-ßnb aWn-{]-hm-fIm-hy-ß-fn¬ ]cm-ar-„-am-Ip∂ tZh-Zm-ko-\rØ-amWv tIc-f-Ønse BZysØ emky-\rØ-cq-]-sa∂v A\p-am-\n-°mw. {]apJ t£{X-

6

P\]Yw

G{]n¬ 2014


ß-tfmSv A\p-_-‘n®v tZh-Zm-kn-am-cp-≠mbn-cp-∂p. Ah¿ tZh\v ka¿∏n-°-s∏-´h-cm-Wv. tZh¿+ASn®n tZh-Zm-kn-bpsS X¤-h-am-sW∂p ]d-bp-∂p. I\ym-Ip-amcn, ipNo-{µw, ]Zva-\m-`-]p-cw, Xncp-h-´m¿, tIc-f-]p-cw, Ipam-c-tIm-hn¬, Xncp-h-\-¥]pcw, h¿°-e, sNß-∂q¿, Xncp-h-√, I≠n-bq¿, ssh°w, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d, InSßq¿, Xriq¿, Kpcp- h m- b q¿, sNm°q¿ XpSßn ]e {]ikvX t£{X-ß-fnepw tZh-Zm-kn-am-cp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]e t£{Xß-fnepw \¿Ø-In-am-cpsS in¬∏-߃ ImWmw. At\Iw aWn-{]-hm-f-Im-hy-ßfn¬ \¿Ø-Io-]-cm-a¿i-ßfp≠v. \mS-Iim-e, hk-¥-a-fi-]w, I\-I-k` XpSßnb t]cp- I - f n¬ \r- Ø - t h- Z n- I ƒ t£{Xm- ¶ - W - Ø n¬ ImWmw. sX°≥ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬ apºv thWm-´p-cm-Pm-°∑m-cpsS Bÿm-\-am-bn-cp-∂ ]fl-\m-`]pcw sIm´m-c-Øn¬ AXn-a-t\m-l-c-amb Hcp kc-kz-Xo-a-fi-]-ap-≠v. AXv kwKoX-\r-Øm-Zn-Iƒ°p≈ thZnbpw \h-cm{Xn afi-]-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. tIc-f-]pcw t£{XØnse Cf-b-\m-bn-\m¿ afi]w koXΩbpw Ah-cpsS amXm-hmb ame-°p-´nbpw

G{]n¬ 2014

tIc-fØ - ns‚ sX°≥ Zn°p-If - nse-∂t- ]mse hS-°≥ Zn°p-If - nepw a[y-tIc-fØ - nepw t£{X-ßtfm-S\ - p-_‘ - n®v tZhZm-ko-\rØw D≠m-bncp-∂p-sh∂v A\p-am\n-°m≥ X° Ncn-{Xh-kX v p-XI - ƒ e`n-®n´p-≠.v Be-∏pg Pn√bn¬ I≠n-bq¿ inh-t£-{X-tØm-S\ - p_-‘n®v tZh-Zm-knIƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

]Wn-I-gn-∏n-®-XmWv. B \¿Ø-In-I-fpsS {]Xna t£{XØn-ep≠v. koXΩ tIc-f]pcw t£{X-Ønse tXh-Sn-bmƒ Bbncp-∂p-sh∂v Iem-a-fiew Ieym-Wn-°p´n- b Ω {]kv X m- h n- ° p- ∂ p. ipNo{µw t£{X- Ø nse tZh- Z m- k n- I - s f- ∏ - ‰ nbpw Ah¿ kqNn- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . ipNo{µw t£{X-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®v \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ tZh-Zmkn IpSpw-_-߃ F√mw A\yw\n- ∂ p- t ]m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. t£{X- Ø nse tZhs‚ Fgp-∂-≈Øv thf-I-fn¬ tZhZm-kn-\rØw ]Xn-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]mSns°m-≠mWv \rØw sNøp-I. Q√-dbpw a‰p-am-bn-cp∂p hmtZym-]-I-c-W-߃. Xmfta-f-°m¿ \¿Ø-In-bpsS ]n∂mse \rØk-lm-bn-I-fmbn IqsS-bp-≠m-Ipw. tZh-Zmko-k-{º-Zmbw \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ t£{X-ßtfm-S-\p-_-‘n®v tZh-Zmko IpSpw-_-߃ Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. IpSn-°m-cn-I-sf-∂m-Wv B tZh-Zm-ko-Ip-Spw-_-ßsf hnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp∂-Xv. A\yw-\n-∂p-t]mb IpSn-°m-cn-Ip-Spw_- ß - f n¬ Ah- k m- \ sØ H∂p- c - ≠ pt]sc Cu teJ-I≥ I≠n-´p-≠v. Ipam-ctIm-hn¬ t£{X-Øn¬ \rØw sNbvXncp∂ Hcp kv{Xosbbpw ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-´n-´p≠v.

P\]Yw

7


tIc-f-Øns‚ sX°≥ Zn°p-I-fn-se∂-t]mse hS-°≥ Zn°p-I-fnepw a[y-tIc- f - Ø nepw t£{X- ß - t fm- S - \ p- _ - ‘ n®v tZh- Z m- k o- \ rØw D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h∂v A\p-am-\n-°m≥ X° Ncn-{X-h-kvXp-XIƒ e`n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . Be- ∏ pg Pn√- b n¬ I≠n-bq¿ inh-t£-{X-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®v tZh-Zm-kn-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssh°w, G‰p-am-\q¿, Xncp-h-√. sNß-∂q¿ XpSßn Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse ]e {]ap-J-t£-{X-ßfnepw sIm®n cmPysØ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d, sNm°q¿, Xriq¿ apX-emb {]tZ-i-ßfnepw tZh-Zm-ko-\rØw {]Np-c-{]-Nmcw t\Sn-bn-cp-∂p. "tIc-f-Ønse Ccp-f-S™ GSp-Iƒ' F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ s{]m^. CfwIpfw Ip™≥]n≈ C{]-Imcw tcJ-s∏Sp-Øp∂p: ""tZh-Zm-ko-]Zw ]Xn-aq∂mw iXI- Ø n¬ ]mc- º - c y- h - g n- ° mbn Xo¿∂psh∂pw ]Xn-\memw iX-I-Øn¬ A[x]Xn-®p-sh∂pw hnNm-cn-°m≥ \ymb-ap-≠v. ]Xn-aq∂mw iX-I-Øns‚ A¥y-Øn-ep≠m-bn-´p≈ "DÆn-b®o NcnXw' "DÆn-®ncp-tXho NcnXw' F∂o IrXn-Ifpw ]Xn\memw iX-I-Øns‚ ]q¿hm¿[-Øn-ep≠mb "ipI-k-tµiw' DØ-cm-¿Y-Øn-ep≠mb "DÆp-\oen ktµ-iw', "sNdn-b-®n',

8

P\]Yw

Zmkn-bm-´-Ønse Awißfpw Xncp-hm-Xn-c-Ifn (ssI-sIm-´n-°-fn), AjvS-]Zn-bm´w (?), \ßym¿IqØv, IY-Ifn, IrjvW-\m´w F∂n-h-bnse \rØmw-ißfpw tamln-\n-bm´w cq]s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\v \nZm-\-`q-Xß-fm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. aX-]c-sat∂m atX-X-c-sat∂m hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sm-hp-∂X√ tamln-\n-bm-´w. tZh-Zmkn ]mc-º-cyØn¬s∏´-h-c√ tamln-\nbm´ \¿Ø-In-Iƒ. 18 mw \q‰m-≠n¬ Xncp-hmXn-c-Ifn \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂Xmbn Xp≈¬ IrXn-Iƒ km£yw hln-°p-∂p

"DÆn-bm-Sn-N-cn-Xw', "inh-hn-emkw' F∂o Imhyßfpw eoem-Xn-e-I-Øn-ep-≤-cn-®ncp∂ ]Zy-ßfpw ]n∂o-Sp-≠mb IutWmØc apX- e mb Imhy- ß fpw k{i≤w hmbn- ® p- t \m- ° n- b m¬ Cu hkv X pX hy‡-am-Ipw. DÆn-b-®nbpw DÆn-®n-cp-tXbnbpw "kXn'Ifm-Wv. ipI-k-tµ-i-ImeØpw \¿Ø-In-Iƒ DØ-a-I-fm-Wv ("kXow DÆn-b®ow' "DØ-am\mw \So\mw' F∂pw a‰p-ap≈ {]tbm-K-ßsf Bkv]Z-am-°n-bmWv Cu {]kvXm-hw, F∂m¬ \ºq- X n- c n- a m- c p- a m- b p≈ _‘w Akm∑m¿Kn-I-ambn KWn-®n-cp-∂n-s√-t∂m¿°Ww). tZh-Zm-kn-I-sfbpw thiy-I-sfbpw iqI-k-tµ-i-°m-c≥ {]tXy-I-amWv h¿Wn°p-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Cu ÿm\w ]Xn\memw iX-I-Øns‚ ]q¿hm¿[-Ønepw Gsd Zpjn-®n-s√-∂mWv tXm∂p-∂-Xv.

tZh-Zm-kn-bm´w? tZh- Z m- k n- I - f mbn Icp- X - s ∏- ´ n- c p∂ tZhZm-kn-am¿°v cmP-Io-b-amb AwKoImcw e`n-®n-cp-∂p. kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ D∂X- a mb ÿm\hpw Ah¿°v t\Sm≥ km[n-®ncp∂p. F∂m¬ Ime-{I-a-Øn¬ tZh-Zmko k{º-Zm-b-Øn\pw tZh-Zm-kn-IfpsS \rØ-amb "Zmkn-bm´'Øn\pw tZhZm-kn-I-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn\pw F√mw A]Nbw kw`-hn-®p. 1930 ¬ tZh-Zm-ko-k{º-Zm-bbpw Zmkn-bm-´hpw a‰pw \nbaw aqew k¿°m¿ \ntcm-[n®p. A]-N-b-s∏´Xpw F∂m¬ \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn \ne-\n∂n- c p- ∂ - X - X p- a mb Zmkn- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ XpS¿®tbm A\p-I-c-Wtam X¤-htam BtWm tamln- \ n- b m´w? Zmkn- b m´w Xs∂-bmtWm tamln-\n-bm-´-ambn ]cn-Wan-®Xv? Zmkn-bm-´-Ønse NXp¿hn-[m-`n\-b-Øns‚ coXn F{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p? Zmkn-bm-´-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ Km\߃ Gh? Cß-s\-bp≈ Nne {]iv\߃°v N-cn-{X-Øns‚ ]n≥_e-ap-≈Xpw bp‡n- k - l - h p- a mb kam- [ m\w Is≠ØpI kpK- a - a - √ . Zmkn- b m´w t£{X-a-Xn¬s°-´n-\-IØp am{X-amWv \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. tamln-\n-bm´w t£{X\r-Ø-a-√. Zmkn-bm-´-Øns‚ ]mc-ºcyw Ah-km-\n-°p-Ibpw tamln-\n-bm´w F∂ Iem-cq]w Bhn¿`-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXXv 17, 18 \q‰m-≠p-I-fn-em-sW∂v A\p-am-\nt°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. hyh-lm-c-am-e, _mecm- a - ` - c Xw, Xp≈¬Ir- X n- I ƒ F∂n- h bnse tamln-\n-bm´ ]cm-a¿i-߃ 18 mw \q‰m-≠n¬ tamln-\n-bm´w GtXm cq]Øn¬ \S-∂n-cp∂p F∂-Xn\v DØ-a-\nZ¿i-\-ß-fm-Wv. Zmkn-bm-´-Ønse Awißfpw Xncp-hm-Xn-c-Ifn (ssI-sIm-´n-°-fn), AjvS-]-Zn-bm´w (?), \ßym¿Iq-Øv, IYIfn, IrjvW-\m´w F∂n-h-bnse \rØmwi-ßfpw tamln-\n-bm´w cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\v \nZm-\-`q-X-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. aX-]-csat∂m atX-X-c-sat∂m hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏Sm-hp-∂-X√ tamln-\n-bm-´w. tZh-Zmkn G{]n¬ 2014


`mcXn inhPn

]mc-º-cy-Øn¬s∏´-h-c√ tamln-\n-bm´ \¿Ø-In-Iƒ. 18 mw \q‰m-≠n¬ Xncp-hmXn-c-Ifn \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂-Xmbn Xp≈¬ IrXn-Iƒ km£yw hln-°p-∂p. AXv kaq- l - \ r- Ø hpw emky- h p- a m- W v . B coXn-°-\p-tbm-Py-amb kwKo-X-Ir-Xn-IfmWv (]m-´p-I-fm-Wv) Xncp-hm-Xn-c-I-fn-bn¬ D]- t bm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Ip©≥ \ºym¿ Xs∂ Xncp- h m- X n- c - I - f n°v ]m´p- I ƒ cNn®p sImSp-Øn-cp-∂-Xmbn tIƒhn-bp≠v. tamln-\n-bm´ \rØ-ssi-en-sb-∏‰n Im¿Øn-I-Xn-cp-\mƒ alm-cm-Pmhv _mecma `c-X-Øn¬ Nne kqN-\-Iƒ \¬Inbn-´p-≠v. BZy-Im-esØ tamln-\n-bm-´Øns‚ thj-{I-aw, Km\-߃ XpS-ßnb Imcy-ßsf∏‰n hy‡-amb sXfn-shm∂pw ]d-bm≥ km[n-°p-∂n-√. a´m-t©-cn-bn¬ Sn∏p kp¬Øm≥ \rØw ImWp-∂-Xmbn Hcp Nn{Xw D≠v. AXn¬ \n∂pw 18 mw \q‰m- ≠ nse \rØ- Ø ns‚ thj- { Iaw F¥mbn-cp-∂p-sh∂v sNdnb Hcp A\pam\w km[n- ° pw. ipNo{µw t£{XØnepw a‰pw \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ \rØhpw Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-csØ cmP-a-µn-c-ß-fn-ep≈ Nne \rØ Nn{X- ß fpw 18 mw iX- I Ønse \rØ-Øns‚ IqSp-X¬ hy‡amb Blm-cy-kq-N-\-Iƒ kn≤n-°p-∂p. A∂sØ \rØ-cq]w {ItaW ]cn-Wma-hn-t[-b-ambn IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-I-ambn Imem-¥-c-Øn¬ C∂sØ cq]-ambn ]cnW-an-®p. Ct∏mƒ ]cn-Nn-X-amb tamlnG{]n¬ 2014

tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - nse \rØ-{I-as - Ø-∏‰n ASpØ Ime-ØmWv Hcp hyh-ÿb - p-≠mbXv. sNm¬s°-´mWv BZy C\-ambn km[mcW Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p∂Xv. \¿ØIn ka-in-ct€mSpw ka-Zr-„ntbmSpw IqSn ssIIq∏n, Ac-afi - e - Øn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠mWv cwK-{]-th-iw. GsX-¶nepw Hcp hµ-\t«mIw ]n≥]m-´p-Im¿ ]mSpw. \n-bm-´sØ-∏‰n GXm-≠n-ßs\ kqNn∏n°mw.

tIc-f-Ø-\n-a-bp≈ thj-hn-[m-\-߃ tamln-\n-bm´w \mSy-im-kv{X-hy-hÿ A\p-k-cn-®p≈ NXp¿hn-[m-`n-\bw ka-

\z-bn-∏n-®n-´p≈ Hcp \rØ-cq-]-am-Wv. tIcf-Ø-\n-a-bp≈ BI¿j-I-amb thj-hn[m-\-ßfmWv tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn-\p-≈-Xv. {]tXyI coXn- b n¬ sRmdn- ] n- S n- ∏ n® Ikhv hkv{X-amWv tamln-\n-bm´ \¿ØIn- a m¿ [cn- ° p- I . Xe- a pSn \mK- ^ W[Ωn√ coXn-bn¬ Np‰n-s°´n ap√∏q ame Np‰n BI¿j-I-am-°pw. I¿Wm-`-cWw, aq°p-Øn, Xe-bn¬ intcm-e-¶m-c߃, ]X°w, ]h≥am-e, \mK-]-S-am-e, ]me-bv°m-tam-Xn-cw, Ac-™m¨, Nne¶ XpS-ßnb h¿-Wm-`-amb Ae¶mc߃ AWn-bp-∂p. Iønepw Imenepw ssaem©n- t bm, sNº- ™ n- ® mtdm AWn- b pw. Np≠p- I ƒ Nph- ∏ n- ° pw. IÆpw ]pcnIhpw ARv P - \ - s a- g pXn BI¿j- I - a m°pw. at\m-l-c-amb ]Z-hn-\ym-k-ß-tfmsS \¿ØIn cwKØv {]th-in-°p-∂p. lkv X - e - £ - W - Z o- ] nI F∂ {KŸØn¬ \n¿tZ-in-®n-´p≈ {]Imcw ssIap{Z-Iƒ ImWn®v kµ¿`m-\p-kmcw Bib-߃ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂p. tZlm-h-b-h߃ apgp-h≥ Nen-∏n-®p≈ \rØ-amWv tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v th≠-Xv. AS-hp-Iƒ, Npgn-∏p-Iƒ, Ne-\-t`-Z-߃ XpSßn F√m BwKnI Ne-\-߃°pw hyh-ÿ-bp-≠v. ico-cN - e - \w emky-\r-ØØ - n\v A\p-tbmPy-amb hn[-Øn-ep-am-bn-cn-°pw. AwKw, {]Xyw-Kw, D]mw-Kw F∂v Xcw-Xn-cn-°mdp≈ ico- c - ` m- K - ß - f psS apgp- h ≥ Ne\hpw khn- t i- j - a mb \ne- ] m- S p- I fpw

P\]Yw

9


kzoI-cn-®p-t]m-cp-∂-Xv. GImw-Km`n-\-b-am-bn-´mWv k¶¬∏n-°-s∏´n-´p-≈-sX-¶nepw kao-]-Im-eØv H∂n- t esd \¿Ø- I n- I ƒ Hcpan®p ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ cwK-߃ Nn´ sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.

kzmXn-bpsS khntij kw`m-h-\-Iƒ

I\Iv sdte

a‰pw hyh-ÿ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. \¿ØIn°v \√ tZl-km-[-Iw, sabvh-g-°w, kpµ-c-ambn tZlm-h-b-h-߃ Nen-∏n-°m\p≈ Ignhv F∂nh AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. tamln-\n-bm-´-Ønse \rØ-{I-a-sØ∏‰n ASpØ Ime-ØmWv Hcp hyh-ÿbp-≠m-b-Xv. sNm¬s°-´mWv BZy C\ambn km[m- c W Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X v . \¿ØIn ka- i n- c - t €mSpw ka- Z r- „ ntbmSpw IqSn ssIIq-∏n, Ac-a-fi-e-Øn¬ \n∂p-sIm-≠mWv cwK-{]-th-iw. GsX¶nepw Hcp hµ-\-t«mIw ]n≥]m-´p-Im¿ ]mSpw. tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ lkvX-ap-{Zm-`n-\b-Øn\v hfsc {]m[m-\y-ap-≠v. \mSy-imkv{Xw, lkvX-e-£-W-Zo-]n-I, A`n-\-bZ¿∏Ww F∂o {KŸ-ß-fmWv BwKn-Im`n- \ - b - Ø n\v apJy- { ]- a m- W - { K- Ÿ ߃. tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - s Ø- ∏ ‰n _me- c m- a - ` - c - X Øn¬ {]kvXm-h-ap-s≠-¶nepw \¿Ø-I¿ B {KŸsØ {]Xy- £ - a mbn F{X B{ibn-®n-´p-s≠∂v Adn-bm≥ km[n-°mØXv _me-cm-a-`-cXw e`y-am-bXv Cu teJ-Is‚ {]km-[-\-tØm-Sp-IqSn 1982 ¬ am{X-am-Wv F∂-Xp-sIm-≠-s{X. ck-`m-hm`n-\-b-߃°v \mSy-imkv{Xw Xs∂-bmWv {]am-Ww. [otcm-ZmØ [otcm-≤-X, [oce- f n- X , [oc- i m- ¥ m- Z n, \mb- I - k - ¶ ¬∏ßfpw hn{]-e-_v[, hmk-I-k-÷n-I, hnctlm-XvIWvTn-I, Jfin-X, A`n-km-cn-I, t{]mjn- X - ` ¿Ør- I , Ie- l m- ¥ cn- X ,

10 P\]Yw

{io kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mfns‚ ]cn-{i-ahpw Iem-k¶ - ¬∏hpw Km\-cN - \ - b - p-amWv tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n\v hyh-ÿm-]n-XXzw ssIh-cp-Øn-bX - .v kvXh-h¿Ww, irwKm-ch¿Ww, ]Z-Io¿Ø-\w, `P≥, Xn√m\ XpSßn sshhn-[y-am¿∂ Km\km-lnXyw kw`m-h\ sNbvXv tamln-\n-bm´ Ah-Xc - W - s - Øbpw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ hyhÿm-]n-Xa- m-°n kzm[o-\-`¿ØrI F∂o A„-\m-bnIm k¶¬∏hpw \h-c-km`n-\-bhpw F√mw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ CW-°n-t®¿Øn-´p≠v. tamln-\n-bm-´-Ønse Blm-cy-{I-ahpw BwKn-Im-`n-\-bhpw kmXzn-Im-`n-\bhpw hyh-ÿm-]nX k{º-Zm-b-Øn-emWv

{io kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fns‚ ]cn{i-ahpw Iem-k-¶¬∏hpw Km\c-N-\-bp-amWv tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v hyh-ÿm-]n-XXzw ssIh-cp-Ønb- X v . kv X h- h ¿Ww, irwKm- c h¿Ww, ]Z- I o¿Ø- \ w, `P≥, Xn√m\ XpSßn sshhn- [ yam¿∂ Km\- k m- l nXyw kw`mh\ sNbvXv tamln-\n-bm´ AhX-c-W-sØbpw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ hyh- ÿ m- ] n- X - a m- ° n. irwKm- c Øn\pw `‡n°pw apJy- a mb ÿm\w \¬In. tamln-\n-bm´ ]Z-߃ H´p-an-°-hbpw irwKmc ckm-hn-jvIm-c-ß-fm-Wv. Ah-bnse√mw \mb-I≥ {io]-Zva-\m-`-≥ BsW-∂-XmWv {][m\ khn-tij-X. Cß-s\-sbmcp \mb-I-k¶¬∏hpw C{]-Im-c-samcp irwKmc-˛-`‡n Bhn-jvIm-chpw tamln-\n-bm-´Øn-se-t∏mse as‰mcp `mc-Xo-b-\r-ØØnepw Ds≠-∂p-tXm-∂p-∂n-√. kzmXn-Xncp- \ m- f ns‚ CfbΩ dmWn Kucn ]m¿hXn`mbn doP≥kn `cWw \S-Ønbn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv Aø-∏∏-Wn-°¿ Fs∂mcp \rØm-Nm-cys\ \nban®v s]¨Ip- ´ n- I sf tamln- \ n- b m´w ]Tn∏n°m≥ G¿∏m-Sp-≠m-°n-b-Xmbn Ncn{X-tc-J-bp-≠v. kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fm-Is´ \nehn-en-cp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´sØ IqSp-X¬ hyh- ÿ m- ] n- X hpw _lp[m BI¿- j Ihpw kº- ∂ hpam°n. tamln- \ n- b m- ´ Øns‚ N-cn-{X-Øn¬ G‰hpw \n¿Wm-bI- a mb ]cn- h ¿Ø- \ - a mWv kzmXn- X n- c p\mƒ ssIh-cn-®-Xv. Xncp-a-\-€n-\p-tijw tamln-\n-bm´ Ah-X-c-W-Ønepw kwhn[m-\-Ønepw {]Nm-c-W-Ønepw G‰hpw {it≤b-amb kw`m-h\ sNbvXXv tIcf Iem-a-fi-e-am-Wv. Iem-a-fie-Ønse tamln- \ n- b m´ A`ym- k - Ø n\v Bcw`w Ipdn-®Xv 1930 ¬ Bbn-cp-∂p. s]cn-tßm´p-Ip-dn»n kztZin Ieym-Wn-b-Ω, sImc´n-°c am[-hn-b-Ω, s\√p-hmb Ip©p-°p´n-b-Ω, ]g-b-∂q¿ Nn∂Ωp AΩ, e°nSn a¶nfn sIm®p-Ip-´n-b-Ω, Ccn-ßm-e-°pS \S-h-cºv Ieym-Wn-bΩ, Iem-a-fiew Ieym-Wn-°p-´n-b-Ω, Kpcp-tKm-]n-\m-Yns‚ ]Xv \ n X¶- a Wn XpS- ß n- b - h - s c√mw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ ]pXnb DW¿hp-ImesØ t{ijvT \¿Ø-In-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. ssIsIm-´n-°fnbpsS (Xn-cp-hm-Xn-c-I-fn) cwK-Øp-\n∂pw tamln-\n-bm-´-cw-K-tØ°v IS-∂p-h-∂-h-cmWv Ch-cn¬ ]e-cpw. ChG{]n¬ 2014


sc-Øp-S¿∂v Iem-a-fi-e-Øn¬ tamln-\n-bm´w A`ykn-®-hcpw A`y-kn-∏n-®-hcpw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v hyhÿm-]n-X-amb coXnbpw cq]hpw ssIh-cp-Øm\pw {]Ncn-∏n-°m\pw {]i-kvX-amw-hn[w {ian-®n-´p-≠v. tamln-\nbm-´-Øns‚ amkva-c-amb cq]-`m-h-ß-fn¬ BIr-jvS-cmbn Cu cwKØp {]h¿Øn®v hy‡nXzw Dd-∏n-®-h-cmWv `mcXn inh-Pn, I\Iv sdse XpS-ßnb ]c-tZi \¿ØIn-am¿. {io kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ hnin-„-amb kw`m- h - \ bpw tIcf Iem- a fie- Ø ns‚ {]h¿Ø\hpw 1930 \p tijw cwK-{]-thiw sNbvX tamln-\nbm´ \¿Øn-I-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\hpw tamln-\-nbm-´sa∂ tIc-fob emky-\r-Ø-cq-]-Øns‚ {]i-kvXnbpw temImw-Ko-Im-chpw hfsc h¿[n-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. `mc-X-Ønse hnJym-X-ß-fmb `c-X-\m-Syw, Ip®n-∏p-Un, HUo-kn, aWn∏p-cn, IY-Iv, Km¿_, Akm-aokv XpS-ßnb ]c-tZi \rØ- c q- ] - ß ƒ°v k- a - i o¿j- a mb Hcp Ie F∂ \nebv°v tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v AwKo-Imcw e`n-®n-cp-∂p. temI-{i≤bmI¿jn-®n-´p≈ Cu \rØ-cq]w ]Tn-°m≥ hntZ-in-Ifpw ]c-tZ-in-Ifpw XmXv]cyw {]Z¿in-∏n-®p-t]mcp- ∂ p. tamln- \ n- b m´ kwKo- X - Ø n¬ tkm]m- \ - s sien°pw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ IrXn-Iƒ°pw D≈ {]m[m\yw IqSn A\p-kva-cn-°p-tºm-gmWv "KoX-hm-Zn-{X-\r-Xym\mw {Xbw kwKo-X-ap-NytX' F∂ hmIyw tamln-\n-bm-´-sa∂ \rØ- c q]w emky- Ø n- s ‚bpw kwKo- X - Ø n- s ‚bpw am[pcyw F{X-am{Xw ka-\zn-X-am-°p∂p F∂Xv t_m[ys∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tamln-\n-bm´w tIc-f-Øns‚ A`n-am-\m-hl-amb emky-\r-Ø-cq-]-ambn AwKo-Imcw t\Sn-bn-cn-°p∂p. C∂v [mcmfw \¿Ø-In-am¿ Cu tamln-\n-bm-´-cw-KØp-≠v. Ah-cn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw {]mtbW tamln-\n-bm´ Ah-X-c-W-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ kwKo-X-Ir-Xn-I-fn¬ _lp-`q-cn-]-£hpw {iokzm-Xn-Xn-cp-\mƒ alm-cm-Pm-hnkzmXnXncp\mƒ

tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ {]Np-c-{]-Nmcw t\Sn-bn-´p≈ kzmXn IrXn-I-fn¬ NneXv 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

kmXp-cm-Im-an\o ˛ IeymWn kmatP{µ ˛ `q]mfw kpakm-bI ˛ Im]n kmhmam-cpj ˛ Jamkv `mh-bm-an- c-Lp-cma ˛ cmK-am-enI Ia-e-P-\mky ˛ cmK-am-enI ]∂-tK-{µ-i-b\ ˛ cmKam-enI l¥ -Rm-\n∂v ˛ kma l¥ -Rm-s\-¥p-sNbvhq ˛ Kucn Cµp-apJn \ni-ab ˛ i¶-cm-`-cWw If-IWvTn IYw-Imcw ˛ \oemw-_cn C≠-en-l- h-fcp∂p ˛ kpcp´n Im¥-t\mSp sN∂p ˛ \oemw-_cn Afn-thWn ˛ Ipdn©n In¥p-sNbvhq ˛ IeymWn Ae¿i-c-]-cn-Xm]w ˛ kpcp´n I\-I-a-b-am-bnSpw ˛ lptk\n XcpWo Rms\-¥p-sNbvhq ˛ ZznPm-h¥n hntiz-izc Z¿i\ ˛ kn‘p-ss`-chn Nentb IpRvP-\tam ˛ hrµmh\ kmcwKv (tam-ln-\n-bm-´-Ønse \h-cm{Xn IrXn-Iƒ, Xn√m-\-Iƒ, h¿Ww, ]Zw, lnµp-ÿm\n `P≥, PXn kzc-߃ XpSßnb F√m Km\-hn-`m-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw \rØ-bp-‡-ß-fm-bh ]eXpw kzoI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v) G{]n¬ 2014

t‚- X m- W v. Ah- b n¬ {io]- fl - \ m` `‡nbpw {io]-fl-\m-`-kzm-ansb \mb-I\mbn k¶¬∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ irwKm-c-`mh-{]-I-S-\hpw hfsc {]kv]-jvS-am-Wv. h¿W-ß-fnepw Io¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw ]Z-ßfn-ep-sa√mw CXv at\m-l-c-ambn BhnjvI- c n- ° - s ∏- ´ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Chsb B{ibn®v sNøp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ {][m\ ckw irwKm-c-`‡n BsW∂p ]d-bmw. AXp-sIm≠v tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n¬ irwKm-c-Øn\pw `‡n°pw e`n®n-´p≈ ÿm\w A{]-Xn-a-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cc-bnΩ≥ Xºn-bpsS "Hma-\-Øn-¶ƒ°n-Smthm' XpS-ßnb IrXn-I-fnse hm’-eymZn `mh߃°pw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ ÿm\w e`n-°p-∂p-≠v. B[p-\n-I-Im-eØv CX-cI-hn-I-fn¬ Nne-cpsS Ihn-X-I-fpw \¿Ø\-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-cp-∂p. tUm. I\Iv sd-se-sb-t∏m-se-bp≈ Nne \¿ØIn-Iƒ ]pXnb kt¶-X-ßfpw \rØm-hX- c - W - Ø n¬ kzoI- c n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . tUm. sdsebpw `mc-Xn-in-h-Pnbpw tamln-\n-bm´-sØ-∏‰n Cw•o-jn¬ cNn-®n-´p≈ ]pkvXI- ß fpw Ieym- W n- ° p- ´ - n bΩ ae- b m- f Øn¬ Xbm-dm-°nb {KŸ-ßfpw a‰pw ]T\o-b-ß-fm-Wv.

P\]Yw 11


Ih¿tÃmdn

Iemafiew kXy`ma/{]Imiv Ipdp-am-∏≈n

emky-I-e-bpsS t]m‰Ω tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v hyh-ÿm-]n-XXzw hcp-Ønb Iem-a-fiew Iq´m-bva-bpsS BZy-\m-fp-I-sf-∏‰n Iem-a-fiew kXy-`ma ]d-bp-∂p.

s¥mcp Hcp-abpw Iq´m-bvab - p-ambn-cp-∂∂v! ]c-kv]cw Adn™pw ]-d™pw Xncn®dn™pw N¿®I-fn-eqsS kzXzw Is≠Ønbpw sIm≠p≈ Iq´mb apt∂‰w. Iem-a-fiew Iem-t£-{X-ambn temI- J ymXn t\Sn- s b- S pØ kph¿W-Imew! Xncn-™p-t\m°p-tºmƒ Akq-bbpw \„-t_m[hpw tXm∂p∂p''. A≥]-Xp-Ifnse tIc-fI - e - m-afi eØns‚ A`u- a - t X- t Pm- k v ^ p- c - W - ß ƒ ]fl{io Iem-afi ew kXy-`ma-So-®d - psS \b-\ß - f - n¬ Xnf-ßn\n-∂p. C∂v tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - ns‚ AΩ-bmbn amdn-bn-cn-°p∂ BNmcy-bpsS Hm¿a-If - n¬ Krlm-Xp-cX hncn-b-∂p. "IY- I - f nbpw \rØhpw kwKo-Xhpw hmZyhpw kmlnXy- h p- s a√mw Iqe- ¶ - j - a mbn Nn¥n-®p-sIm≠v {Iam-\p-KXw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-SpØ tamln-\nbm- ´ - Ø ns‚ Iem- a - fi ew ssien°v Rms\mcp Imc-W°m- c n- b mbn F∂p am{Xw. A√msX Rms\m-‰bv°v F¥psN- ø m≥?' Iem- t emI- Ø n¬ s]mXpsh A\y- a mb a\€n¬Ø-´nb Ffn-at- bmsS So®¿ ssIa-e¿Øp-∂Xp ImWp-∂-XpXs∂ ka- I men- I temIØv A¤p-X-ambn tXm∂p-∂p. Iem- a - fi - e - Ø n¬ Iebv ° p- t h≠n am{Xw D]mkn°p∂ alm- I - h nbpw At±- l Øn- s \mØv sshX- c - W n- I sfbpw I„-∏m-Sp-I-sfbpw A`nap-Jo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Xp\n™nd ßnb Hcp Iq´w Iem-Im-c-∑mcpw Iem-Im-cn-Ifpw! ]c-kv]-c-hn-izmk- Ø ns‚bpw kvt\l- Ø n-

F

"

12 P\]Yw

Iemafiew kXy`ma G{]n¬ 2014


s‚bpw ]c-∏n¬ \n∂pw Kth-jW Xzctbm-Sp≈ At\z-j-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw DcpØn-cn™ t\´-߃ IY-I-fn°pw tamln\n-bm-´-Øn\pw IqØv, IqSn-bm-´-߃°pw BS-bm-`-c-W-߃°pw hsc \h-Po-h≥ \¬In. Xangv kn\n-a-I-fnse \rØ-cw-K-ßfn¬ \nd-™p-\n-∂n-cp∂ Iaem e£vaW- s ‚bpw kmbn kp{_- “ Wy≥ amjpsSbpw \Sn Sn. B¿. cmP-Ip-am-cn-bpsSbpw {]I- S - \ - ß - f n¬ BIr- „ - b mbn \S∂ _mey-Øn¬, kao-]-hm-kn-bmb _me≥ amÿ°p Iogn¬ \mS≥ \rØ®p-h-Sp-Iƒ A`y-kn-®p-Xp-S-ßn-b-tXmsS kXy-`ma F∂ Ip´n Iem-afiew kXy`m-a-bm-Ip-∂-Xp-h-sc-bp≈ Ime-L-´-Øn\v XpS- ° - a m- b n. aZn- c m- i n- b n¬ t]mbn {]ikvX \¿Ø-I≥ sNm°-enw-K-Øn¬ \n∂pw `c-X-\mSyw ]Tn®v Iem-a-fieØn¬ A[ym- ] - I - c mb s]cp- a m- t ßm´v hmcn-bØv IrjvW≥Ip-´n-hm-cycpw A\pP≥ ANyp-X-hm-cycpw ho´n¬ sh®v `cX-\mSyw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-s≠∂p tI´-dn™v AhnsS t]mbn tN¿∂Xv imkv{Xo-b-\rØ- t a- J - e - b n- t e- ° p≈ Im¬sh- ∏ m- b n. amkw ]Xn- \ - © p- c q] ^okn- \ - Ø n¬ sImSp-°p-hm≥ \n¿hm-l-an-√msX h∂t∏mƒ c≠p amk-Øn-e-[nIw \rØ-]T\w \o≠p-\n∂n√. ]s£ Aem-cn∏pw PXn-kz-chpw kzmb-Ø-am-°n.

Iem-a-fi-e-Øn-te°v D≈n¬ Dan-Øo-t]mse Fcn-™p-\odp∂ taml-`w-K-Øns‚bpw \n€-lm-bmh-ÿ-bp-sSbpw thZ-\-bp-ambn sImgn-™I∂ Zn\-߃°n-S-bn¬ IrjvW≥Ip´n hm[ym¿ amsj bmZr-›n-I-ambn I≠p-ap´m-\n-S-h-cp∂p: "F¥m \obnt∏m hcmØXv?' F∂-tNm-Zy-Øn\v "IqsS-bp-≈-h¿ \n¿Øn-b-Xp-sIm-≠msW'∂v kXy-`masb∂ _menI ]cp-ß-temsS {]Xn-h-Nn°p-∂p. Imcy-ß-fpsS \nP-ÿnXn Gsd°psd hy‡-am-bn-°n-´n-°-gn™ amjv "F∂m¬ \o \msf G´s\w AtΩw Iq´n Iem- a - fi - e - Ø n- t e°v hm' F∂v Iemafiew kXy`ma Acßn¬ ˛ ]gbNn{Xw kkvt\lw £Wn-®t∏mƒ kt¥m-jØm¬ a\w \nd- ™ p. kv I qƒ ]T\w cmb IrjvW≥Ip´n hmcycpw ANyp-X- henb kz]v \ - ß - f p- a mbn Hcp amkw XpS¿∂p- s Im- ≠ p- t ]m- I m- \ m- I pw - h n[w hm-cycpw kmº-ØnI {]mcm-_v[w-aqew ho´n¬ shdp-sX-bn-cp∂p Db-c-߃ Ccpcmhnse F´p-a-Wn-h-sc-bm-bn-cp∂p ¢mkv. CX-c-ta-J-e-I-ƒtXSn t]mbn-cp-∂p. cmP- Iøpw \o´n DS-s\-Xs∂ s]m°n-sb-SpØp ^okpw Ipd- h m- W v. aq∂p sIm√w cXv\w ]n≈bpw `mkvI-c-dm-hphpw B sIm≠p- t ]m- I p- s a- ∂ p≈ _me- X - b psS Aßs\ ^okv \¬In-b-hnsS ]Tn-®p. ÿm-\-tØ-°p- I-S-∂p-h-∂p. \rØ-tØm- N]-e-Nn-¥-Iƒ Dd-™-a-cp-hm≥ A[nIw hnZym-`ym-k-tam, \rØm-`ym-ktam Ch-bn- sSm∏w IY-I-fn-bnse kv{Xothj߃ Xma-k-ap-≠m-bn-√. te-sX-¶nepw H∂v F∂ k∂n-Kv[L´w hninjym ]qX-\bpw Io¿ao-c-h-[-Ønse "\ns∂ ChnsS So®-dm-bn-sh-°mw. \o h∂-t∏mƒ \n¿Øn-bXv F´mw-Xcw hsc- efn-Xbpw Iq´-Øn¬ A`y-kn-°p-Ibpw ChnsS \nt∂m' F∂ alm-I-hn-bpsS sb-Ønb kvIqƒ hnZym-`ym-k-am-Wv. Ac- ß - Ø m- S p- I bpw sNbv X p. sskc- kvt\l-]p-c-€-c-amb \n¿tZ-i-Øn-\p-ap""\o ChnsS \nt∂m. C\n ssÃ∏‚ v {‘nsb∂ IYm- ] m- { X- t ØmSpw thj- ºn¬ {kmjv S mwKw {]W- a n®v 1957˛¬ Xcmw'' F∂v alm- I hn ]d- b p- I - I qSn tØmSpw B`n-ap-Jy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw tIcf Iem- a - fi - e - Ø n¬ A[ym- ] n- I sNbvX-t∏mƒ hen-sbmcp Bizm-k-hp-am- Iq´p-th-j-tØm-Sp≈ XmXv]-cy-°p-d-hp-Im- bmbn. Nn∂-Ωp-hΩ So®-dpsS Akn-Âmbn. Aßns\ aq∂p h¿jw IqSn. cWw kXy-`ma amdn-\n-∂p. bn-´m-bn-cp∂p \nb-a-\w. So®¿°m-sW-¶n¬ CXn-\n-S-bn¬ `c-X-\mSyw A[ym-]-IBdp h¿jsØ tImgvkv Ign™v Hm¿a-°p-dhv Akmcw! G{]n¬ 2014

P\]Yw 13


`c-X-\m-Sy-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ Hfn-a-ßn-°n-S∂n-cp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´sØ DW¿Øn ]cnt]m- j n- ∏ n- s ®- S p- ° pI F∂ ZuXyhpw B{K-l-hp-am-bmWv Iem-a-fi-e-Ønse XpS¿∂p≈ Znh-k-߃ Rm≥ ]n∂n-´-Xv. a{Zm-kns‚ Ie-bmb `c-X-\mSyw a‰p-≈h¿ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-Im-Wp-∂-Xn¬ hnap-JX-Im-´p∂ Xangv Iem-temIw. sX‰p-Ip-‰ßƒ am{Xw FSp-Øp-Im´n Xcw-Xm-gvØpI-sb-∂-√m-sX, ChnsS h∂v ]Tn-∏n-°phm≥ Ah¿ Xbm-dm-I-bp-an-√. AtX- k - a bw tIc- f ob Ie- b mb tamln-\n-bm´w BsI \mev C\-ß-fnembn HXp-ßn-°q-Sn-°-gn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. btYjvSw C\-ß-fp≈ `c-X-\m-Sy-Øn\p kaw F¥psIm≠v tamln-\n-bm-´s - Øbpw kwhn-[m\w sNbvXv FSp-Øp-IqSm F∂ A`n-hmRvO Ft∂m-sSm∏w Nn∂-Ωp-h-ΩSo- ® dpw kq{]≠pw IqSn ]¶n- ´ - t ∏mƒ At\z- j - W - a m- b n. Ieym- W n- ° p- ´ n- b - Ω sb∂ ]gb BNm-cysbsØSn-t∏m-b-Xß-s\-bm-Wv. {]mbm-[n-Iy-Øm¬ H∂psam∂pw Hm¿sØ-Sp-°m-\m-hmØ Ah-kY- b n- e m- b n- c p∂p Ah- c pw. Ah- k m\ B{i-bhpw ssIhn-´p-t]mb \ncm-it- bmsS R߃ aS-ßn. C\n kzbw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-Sp-°p-Isb-∂tX Ic-Wo-b-am-bn-´p-≈q. AsXmcp ZuXy- a mbn Gs‰- S p- t °- ≠ n- h - c n- I - I qSn sNbvX-tXmsS tamln-\n-bm´w taJ-e-bn¬ am{X-am-bn, Fs‚ Nn¥-Ifpw {]hr-ØnIfpw ]T-\-ßfpw. Nn∂-Ωp-h-Ω-So-®-dpsS {]amW-ßsf ASn-ÿ-m-\-am-°n-s°m-≠mbn-cp∂p Fs‚ \o°w. N{I- h m- I - c m- K - Ø nse sNm¬s°- ´ v , sN©p-cp-´n-bnepw tXmSn-bn-ep-ap≈ PXnkz-cw, apJm-cn-bnse F¥tlm h√`m

14 P\]Yw

tIc-fob Ie-bmb tamln-\n-bm´w BsI \mev C\-ßf - n-embn HXp-ßn-°q-Sn-°g - n-bp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. btYjvSw C\-ßf - p≈ `c-X\ - m-SyØn\p kaw F¥psIm≠v tamln\n-bm-´s - Øbpw kwhn[m\w sNbvXv FSpØp-IqSm F∂ A`nhmRvO Ft∂msSm∏w Nn∂-Ωp-hΩ - S- o®dpw kq{]≠pw IqSn ]¶n-´t- ∏mƒ At\z-jW-am-bn. F∂ ]Zw ˛ Cu \men-\-ß-fn-embn InS∂n-cp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ C\-߃ \n¿an-s®-Sp-°p-I-sb∂Xv efnX-h-am-sbmcp {]hr-Øn-b-√. X\n tIcfo-b-am-hp-Ibpw `c-X-\m-Sy-Øn-s‚bpw IY- I - f n- b p- s Sbpw kv ] ¿i- ß ƒ am{Xw Dƒs°m-≠v, F∂m¬ Ah-bn¬ \n∂pw hyXykvXX \ne-\n¿Øn, emky`mhw ÿmbn-bm-°n-thWw kwhn-[m\w sNøphm≥. kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ IrXn-I-fnse ]Z߃ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ kpIp-amcn \tc{µ-ta-t\m\pw Xmf-{I-ao-I-c-W-߃°v hb-

en≥ A[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂ hmkp-tZ-h-∏Wn- ° cpw arZw- K nÃv cma- I r- j v W - ø cpw Fs∂ klm-bn-®p. ap{Z-Isf A]-{K-Yn®v hn\y-kn-°p-∂Xv ]fl-\m-`≥ \mb-cmim\pw kmln-Xy-ß-fnse A¿Y-i-¶-Isf Zqco-I-cn-°p-hm≥ ]e-bn-S-ß-fnepw t]mbn ]e {KŸ- ß fpw ]cn- t im- [ n- ° p∂ kq{]≠v In≈n-aw-Kew hmkp-tZ-h≥ \ºqXn- c n- ∏ m- S v . AXp- t ]mse ]fin- X - \ mb DÆn-°r-jvW≥ Cf-bXp amjns‚ \n¿tZi-ß-fpw... B Iq´m-bva-bpsS Icp-Øn¬ kzOµw hnl- c n- ® p- s Im- ≠ mWv Rm≥ tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ Iem- a - fi ew ssien°v ASn-Ø-d-]m-In-b-Xv. Iem-a-fi-e-Øn¬ A[ym-]n-I-bmbn Hcp h¿j- a m- b - t ∏m- t g°pw ]fl\m- ` ≥ \mb-cm-im-\p-am-bp≈ Fs‚ hnhmlw Ign-™n-cp-∂p. If-cn-bnepw ]pd-Øp-ap≈ At±- l - Ø ns‚ s]cp- a m- ‰ hpw Adnhpw kz`m-hhpw Ignhpw Ipeo-\-X-bp-sa√mw Fs∂ BI¿jn-®p-sh∂p ]d-bmw. BZyamZyw ho´p-Im¿°v FXn¿s∏m-s°-bp-≠mbn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Ime-{I-taW F√m-hcpw Rßsf AwKo-I-cn-®p. tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ kº- ∂ - a mb km£m-XvIm-c-Øn\v Rß-fpsS hnhmlw thK-X-tb-‰n. ap{Z-bnepw ]Z-ß-fn-ep-ap≈ Fs‚ kwi- b - ß sf hn{i- a - t h- f - I fn¬t∏mepw k{i≤w tIƒ°p- h m\pw IyXy-amb adp-]Sn Xcp-hm\pw At±lw ImWn-®n-cp∂ kua-\kyw B Iem-Imcs‚ al-Xz-ambn Rm\n-∂-dn-bp-∂p. ""IY-I-fn-bnse ap{Z-I-fpw De-®n-epIfpw AtX-]Sn ]I¿ØmsX, tIc-fo-bamb ssien- b n¬ thdn- ´ p- \ n∂pXs∂thWw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥'' At±lw CSbv°nsS Hm¿a-s∏-Sp-Øm-dp-≠v.

G{]n¬ 2014


Zm\n-km-a-tP{µ Kman\n kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ IrXn-I-fpw h¿W-ßfp-ambn \m¬]-tXmfw ]pXnb C\-߃ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn-\mbn F\n°p sNøm≥ Ign™p. {i≤m-]q¿hw £a-tbm-sS-bm-bncp∂p Hmtcm C\hpw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. F√mw Htc A®n¬ \n∂pw h∂-t]mse A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bp-a-cp-Xt√m? Nn´-s∏-SpØnb Hmtcm C\hpw B Hcp Iq´m-bvabpsS ap∂n¬ injy-I-sf-s°m≠v AhX- c n- ∏ n- ® - t i- j ta ]pd- t Øbv ° v hnSmdp≈q. ]pXnb C\- ß ƒ kw- h n- [ m\w sNøp- ∂ - t Xm- s Sm∏w ico- c - N - e - \ - ß sf IqSp-X¬ at\m-l-c-am-°p-hm\pw `mhm-`n\-b-km-[y-X-Iƒ°v angnhp ]I-cp-hm\pw {i≤n-®n-cp∂p. 1970 Ifn¬, "Zm\n-km-a-tP{µ Kman\n' F∂ tXmSn-h¿Ww injy-Isf ]Tn-∏n®v Ah-cn-eqsS {]N-cn-∏n-®p. B h¿jsØ kwÿm\ kv I qƒ bph- P - t \m- ’ - h Øn\p t]mbn-h∂ injy-Ifpw Kmbn-Iam-cpw, "So®sd, Rm≥ shfn-®m-hp-∂-htcbv°pw CXp-Xs∂ ]mSoXv' F∂v A`nG{]n¬ 2014

am- \ - t Øm- s Sbpw A¤p- X - t Øm- s Sbpw h∂p-]-d-™-, Fs‚ BZysØ inev]Øn\p e`n® P\- I o- b mw- K o- I m- c - a mbn C∂pw a\-€n¬ kq-£n-°p∂p. thj-hn-[m-\-ß-fnepw am‰-߃ A\nhm-cy-am-bn-cp-∂p. `c-X-\m-Sy-Øn\p kaambn Xe-apSn ]n∂nbn´v ]q NqSn, sh≈ kmcnbpw sh≈ ªukpw [cn® Nn∂Ωp-hΩ So®-dpsS tamln-\n-bm´ Nn{Xw ]mtS am‰n. apSn sI´n-sh-®p-sIm-≠p≈ tIc-fob-X-bn-te°v ]q¿W-ambpw kmayw {]m]n® ]cn-jvIr-X-thjw IqSn Xbm-dmb-tXmsS tamln-\n-bm´w kz¥w ta¬hnem- k - Ø n¬ Dd- ® p- \ n- ∂ p- X p- S - ß n. Cu thj-hp-ambn BZyw Ac-ß-Øp-h-∂Xv Iem-a-fiew kpK-‘n-bm-Wv. 1991 ¬ sshkv {]n≥kn-∏mfpw 1992 ¬ {]n≥kn- ∏ m- f p- a mbn kXy- ` m- a - S o- ® ¿ Iem-fi-e-ج \n∂pw hnc-an-°p-tºmƒ \qdp- I - W - ° n\v injy- I sf tamln- \ nbm´Øns‚ {]Nm- c - I - c mbn kw`m- h \ sNøphm≥ Cu AΩ-bv°m-bn. ""`cn-°m\pw If-cn-If - n- ¬t]mbn CS-s]-

Sp- h m- \ p- a p≈ tijntbm {]mK- ¤ ytam F\n-°n-s√∂v' {]n≥kn-∏-mfmbn Npa-Xe- t b- s ‰- S p°pw apºv A[n- I r- X sc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xmbpw s]≥j\n¬ sNdn-sbmcp h¿[-\-hp-≠m-Ip-sa∂ ASpØ _‘p-°-fp-sSbpw kplr-Øp-°fp-sSbpw \n¿_-‘-Øn\p hg-ßn-bmWv Npa-X-e-tb-s‰-Sp-Ø-sX∂pw \njvI-f-¶ambn So®¿ ]d-bp-∂p. \mep a°fpw IYI- f nbpw tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - h p- s a- √ m- a mbn Adnhpw hnh-c-hp-ap-≈-h-cm-Wv. F∂m¬ Iem-Im-c-s\∂ \ne-bn¬ Hcp-]mSv Db-cphm≥ Ign-™n-s√-¶n¬ PohnXw kpJ-Ic-am-hn-s√∂ Zo¿L-Z¿inXzw Ah¿°pta¬ sIm≠p-h-tc-≠n-h-∂p. "aqØ aI≥ thWp _m¶v DtZym-Kÿ-\m-Wv. Fs‚ "tamln-\n-bm´w' F∂ ]pkvXIw Xbm-dm-°p-∂Xv Ah-\m-Wv. c≠m-asØ aIƒ eXnI Iem-a-fiew hnZym¿Yn- \ n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. kv t Imf¿jnt∏msS `c-X-\m-Syhpw tamln-\n-bm-´hpw A`y-kn-®p. hnhm-l-tijw Cu taJ-ebn-en-√. aq∂-maØ aIƒ cm[n-Ibv°v tImtfPv ]Tn-∏n-em-bn-cp∂p XmXv]-cyw. Fw.-_n.F Ign™v tPmen-sb-Sp-°p-∂p. \mem- a sØ aI≥ iin- s °m- ∏ - a m- W nt∏mƒ sjm¿Wq-cnse ho´n¬ Xma-kn-°p∂-Xv. 1976 se tIc-f kwKoX \mSI A°mZan Ahm¿Un¬ XpSßn 94 se `mc-Xk¿°m¿ kmwkv I m- c nI hIp- ∏ ns‚ ko\n- b ¿ s^t√m- j n- ∏ v , 95 ¬ tI{µ kwKo-X-\m-SI A°m-Zan Ahm¿Uv, 2005 se tIcf k¿°m- c ns‚ {]Ya \mSy\rØ ]pc-kvIm-cw, 2010 se Iem-fiew \oe- I - W v T ≥ \ºoi≥ kv a mcI ]pckvImcw, HSp-hn¬ Ign™ h¿jsØ ]fl{io _lp-aXn ˛ CsXm∂pw X\n°√ Ie-bv°mWv e`n-®-sX∂ ImgvN-∏mSmWv So®¿°v. Xs‚ kt¥m-jhpw kwXr]v X nbpw kº- Ø p- a mb injy- I ƒ°v t{]m’m-l\w, kaq-lhpw k¿°mcpw \¬Ip- s a- ¶ n¬, tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ `mhn- s b- ° p- d n®v Bi- ¶ - s ∏- t S- ≠ - X ns√∂pw So®¿ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. "]≠v Iema-fi-e-Øn¬ Ie-tb-bp≈p. hnZym-`ym-k-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. C∂Xv c≠p-ap-≠v. ]s£, c≠pw kam-¥-c-ambn-´mtWm t]mIp-∂-sX∂v Bi-¶-bp-≠v. {]n≥kn-∏m-fm-bmepw Bcm-bmepw hnZym`ym-k-ap-≈-h¿ Xs∂ thWw F∂-Xm-Wn∂sØ ]- c n- ÿ n- X n. F∂n- c p- ∂ mepw Ah¿ Ie-bp-am-bn, Ie-I-fp-ambn ASpØ _‘-ap-≈-h-cm-h-Ww. Npa-X-e-tb-s‰-SpØv \n›nX ka-b-Øn-\Iw Ah¿°v Ie-Isf-°p-dn-®p≈ kmam-\y-t_m-[-sa-¶nepw ]Tn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-h-Ww. Iem-a-fi-e-Øns‚ H´-\-h[n hnja-X-I-sfbpw IjvS-∏m-Sp-I-sfbpw I≠p-hf¿∂ B AXpey \¿ØIn ]d™p \n¿Øp-∂p.

P\]Yw 15


Ih¿tÃmdn

hn. Iem-[-c≥

tamln-\o-\S- \ - Ø - ns‚

Iem-a-fiew KmY

a±-fhpw CS-bv°bpw tkm]m-\-kw-Ko-X-hp-ambn Iem-a-fiew ssien°pw _Z-epI-fp-≠m-hp-tºmgpw Iem-a-fiew kXy-`m-abpw Ah-cpsS injy-{]-in-jycpw Ifn®pw ]Tn-∏n®pw _en-jvT-am-°nb _mWn°v C∂pw £oW-a-ti-j-an-√.

tam

ln-\n-bm´w F∂ t]cn¬ hniz-th-Zn-I-fn¬ C∂p hnf-ßn-\n¬°p∂ "ssIin-In-hrØn'bpsS tIcfob `mjy-amb Hcp \rØ-Ie {lkzhpw ]et∏mgpw Ahy-‡-hp-amb Ncn-{X-]-Y-ß-fn-eqsS IS∂p-t]m-b-Xns‚ Nne tcJm-Nn-{X-ß-fmWv Cu teJ-\w. Xan-gv\m-´nepw Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ tImhn-ep-I-fn¬ hnf-bm-Sn-bn-cp∂ tZh-Zm-kn-\r-Ø-Øns‚ Xncn-hpI-fn-sem-∂mWv tamln-\n-bm-´-sa∂v AXns‚ Nne

{]tbm‡m-°fpw ]e Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑mcpw AkµnKv[cm-bn-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ tZh-Zm-knI-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn\v sXfn-hn√ F∂v ]n. tkma≥ e`y-amb hkvXp-°-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ hmZn-°p∂p-≠v. HUokn \¿Ø-Inbpw Kth-j-I-bp-amb PÃn≥ sesamkv F∂ Ata-cn-°-°mcn \S-Ønb ]pcm-tc-Jm-]-T-\-Øn¬ \n∂v a\-€n-em-Ip-∂Xv sIm®n-bnepw sImSp-ß-√q-cnepw 20 mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ ]Ip-Xn-h-sc-sb-¶nepw t£{X-_-‘n-X-ambn BN-

IemafieØnse Iqغew

16 P\]Yw

G{]n¬ 2014


cn- ® p- t ]m∂ tZh- Z m- k n- \ rØw Hcp sIm¶Wn \rØ-kw-kvIm-c-am-sW-∂m-Wv. am{X-a√ \mw C∂-dn-bp∂, sIm≠m-Sp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´-hp-ambn CXn-\v hn-ti-jns®mcp _‘- h p- a n- s √- ∂ p≈ Imcyhpw an°-hmdpw kv]jvS-am-Wv. kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mfns‚ Ime-tijw ]me-°mSv ]c-ta-izc `mK-h-X¿ kztZ-i-tØ°v aS-ßn-sb-Ønsb∂v Ncn{Xw ]d- b p- ∂ p. At±- l Øns‚bpw injy- c p- s Sbpw ]cn- N - c - W Øn¬ Xriq¿- ˛ - ] m- e - ° mSv Pn√- I - f nse \rØ˛-\m-Sy-I-em-\o-tcm-´-ap≈ Nß-cw-Ipfw, Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S, ]g-b-∂q¿, e°nSn XpS-ßnb {]tZ-iß - f - n¬ \ºq-Xn-cn-˛\ - m-b¿ {]`p-Ip-Spw-_-ß-fpsS ap‰Øv BSn-°-fn°p∂ \rØ- a m- h nt√ C∂p \mw ImWp∂ tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - ns‚ {]m{Kq]w? NmØp-\m-b-cpsS "ao\m£n-F∂ t\mhense A©v, Bdv A[ym-b-߃ 19 mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ HSp-hn¬ Po¿tWm-∑p-J-am-bnØo¿∂ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ Nn{Xw hc™n-´p-≠v. Akm-[m-c-W-amb cq]-ku-jvT-hhpw Akm-am-\y-amb Zmcn-{Zyhpw A\p-`-hn-®ncp∂ a[y-tI-c-f-Ønse CS-Øcw \mb¿ IpSpw-_-ß-fn-ep≈ kv{XoI-fm-bn-cp∂p A°m-eØv tamln-\n-bm-´-°m¿. \rØ-˛\m- S y- { `- a - a p≈ A∂sØ am- S - º n- a m- c psSbpw {_m“W P∑n-am-cp-sSbpw A`nem-j-]q¿Øo-I-c-W-Øn-\p≈ Cc-I-fmbn Ah-cn¬ Ipd®ps]-sc-¶nepw amdn-bn-´p≠m-Imw. "Cui¬', "aq°pØn' apX-emb C\- ß ƒ \ºq- X n- c n- ˛ - \ m- b - ∑ m- c psS Xmw_qe N¿h-W-c-k-tØm-sS-bp≈ cXnhm-k-\-Iƒ°v \ndhpw aWhpw ]I¿∂n´p-≠m-Imw. sa°msf {]`p-hns‚ Cw•ojv `mjm-{]-N-c-W-Øn¬ apKv[-cmbn "A`ykvX-hn-Zy-cmbn'Øo¿∂ \m´p-{]-am-Wn-am¿, sshcp-[y-sa-∂p-]d - b - s - ´, tamln-\n-bm-´° - mcn-I-sfbpw Ah-cpsS \´p-hm-∑m-scbpw kaq- l - Ø ns‚ apJy- [ m- c - b n¬ \n∂v \njvIm-k\w sNbvXp. ]m´pw tafhpw Nph-Sp-Ifpw kvtXm`-ßfpw hnkvar-Xn-bnem°n Ah¿ A]-I¿j-X-bn¬ apßn. tamln-\n-bm´w F∂p-®-cn-°m≥t]mepw Ah¿°v `bhpw Pmfy-X-bp-am-bn. cXn ]m]-am-sW∂v "hntŒm-dn-b≥ km∑m¿KnIX'bpsS \ocm-fn-∏n-Sp-ØØ - n¬ s]´v icoc-Øns‚ irwKm-c-k-√m-]-߃ sI´p-t]mb- X n- s \- s ®m√n H.- h n. hnP- b ≥ "Man, Woman and the Transcendance' F∂ {lkz-Zo-]vX-amb D]-\ym-k-Øn¬ ZpxJn°p-∂p-≠v.

tamln- \ n- b m- ´ hpw tIc- f - I - e m- a - fi - e Øns‚ `mK-am-°n. t¢i-`-cn-X-amb At\zj-W-߃s°m-Sp-hn¬ IeymWn AΩbpw am[hn AΩbpw XpS¿∂v sImc´n-°c Irjv W - ∏ - W n- ° ¿ F∂ \´p- h - { ]- P m- ] -

Xnbpw tNtXml-c-amb Cu \rØ-cq-]Øns‚ {]uV-ti-jn-∏p-I-fmbn Iem-afi- e - Ø n- s e- Ø p- ∂ Xv h≈- t Øm- f n‚ Xo£vW t{]c-W-bn-em-Wv. ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ Bsf In´p-∂-Xnepw ZpjvI-c-am-bn-cp∂p

Iem-a-fi-e-Øns‚ tNtXm-lc ssien-bn-te°v tamln-\n-bm´w ]I-cp∂ C{µnbm\p`qXn ]msS A{]- X y- £ - a m- b n- Ø o¿∂ 20 mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ DZ-b-Z-i-I-ß-fn-emWv h≈-tØmƒ Iem-a-fiew ÿm]n-°p∂Xv . IY- I - f n- b psS ]ntº alm- I hn G{]n¬ 2014

P\]Yw 17


]Tn-°m≥ Hcp Ip´nsb e`n-°m-≥. HSphn¬ "X¶- a Wn' Fs∂mcp hnZym¿Yn\nsb tamln-\n-bm´w ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ Iema-fi-e-Øn\v e`n-®p. sImc- ´ n- ° c Irjv W - ∏ - W n- ° - c mWv tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ thcp- W - ß msX Iem-afi-e-Øn¬ ImØp-c-£n-®-sX∂p ]d-bmw. At±-l-Øns‚ injy Iem-afiew Ieym-Wn-°p´n AΩ ]n¬°mew kzI-t]mse I¬∏n-X-ß-fmb A\-h[n Zriym- J ym- \ - ß - f n- e qsS Cu \rØ- I ebv ° v Ag- I p≈ Nnd- I p- I ƒ \¬In. IrjvW-∏-Wn-°-cpsS as‰mcp injy-bmb tXm´- t »cn Nn∂Ωp AΩ- b mWv 1950 sXm´v Iem-a-fi-e-Øn¬ tamln-\n-bm-´hn-`m-KsØ \bn-®-Xv. Ah-cpsS Hm¿abn¬ Ah-ti-jn® sNmevs°-´n-s‚bpw PXn-kz-c-Øns‚bpw ]Z-Øn-s‚bpw iIe-ßsf KoXhmZy-°m-cpsS kr„n]-c-Xbp- a mbn kwtbm- P n- ∏ n- ® p- ≠ mbXmWv C∂sØ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ ]c-am-Nmcy- b mb Iem- a - fi ew kXy- ` m- a - b psS at\m-hr-Øn-I-fm¬ hnI-kn-X-amb Iema-fiew ssien. Bcw-`-\n-e-b-S°w \m¬∏-Ø-t©mfw hcp∂ AS-hp-Ifpw shSp-∏mbn Nn´-s∏Sp-Ønb GXm\pw h¿W-ßfpw ]Z-ßfpw Xn√m-\-Ifpw sNmevsI´pw PXn-kz-chpw sIm≠v kar-≤-am-b-XmWv Iem-a-fi-eØns‚ tamln-\n-bm-´-{]-ÿm-\w. 1963 ¬ Iem- a - fi ew kpK- ‘ n- b n- e q- s S- b mWv ]n¬°mew hnhm-Z-am-bn-Øo¿∂ "sIm≠sI´v' kXy-`ma ]co-£n-®-Xv. Cu ]cnjvImcw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ {]amW

Nn”-am-bn. AXns‚ ]c-`m-K-tim-`-bn¬ intcm-]m¿iz-Øn¬ Db¿Øn-s°-´n-sh® apSn kzXz-kw-{K-l-ambn amdn. `c-X-\mSyw, Ip®n-∏p-Sn, HUo-€n, IYIv F∂o `mc- X ob \rØ- I - e m- ] m- c - º - c y- ß - f n¬ \n∂v `n∂-ambn tamln-\n-bm-´w {]Y-aZrjvSym Xncn-®d - n-bs - ∏-Sp-∂Xv Cu apSn-s°´n-eq-sS-bm-Wv. Ieym-Wn-°p´n AΩbpw Ah- c psS X\Xp injy- I - f p- s am- g nsI temI- s a- º m- S p- a p≈ \¿Ø- I n- I ƒ "sIm≠-sI´v' kz¥-am-°n. hni-Zmw-i-ßfn¬ hyXn-N-en-®n´pw "sIm≠-sI´v' F∂ ÿmbn Ah¿ ssIhn-Sp-∂n-√.

1963 ¬ Iem-afi - ew kpK-‘n-bn-eq-sS-bmWv ]n¬°mew hnhm-Za- mbn-Øo¿∂ "sIm≠sI´v ' kXy-`ma ]co£n-®X - v. Cu ]cnjvImcw tamln-\n-bm-´Øns‚ {]amW Nn”am-bn. AXns‚ ]c-`mK-tim-`b - n¬ intcm]m¿iz-Øn¬ Db¿Øns°-´n-sh® apSn kzXzkw-{K-la- mbn amdn.

hn`- h - s sh- i n- j v S yhpw hym]v X nbpw sIm≠v CX-c-I-e-Isf ]n≥X≈n AZznXo-b-am-bn-Øo-¿∂ \rØ-˛-\m-Sy-cq-]-߃ Ah-bpsS kl-Po-hn-I-fmb Iem-kz-cq-]ßsf kzm[o-\n-°p-∂Xn¬ Akzm-`m-hnI- X - b n- √ . AØ- c - s am- c - h - ÿ - b psS GXm≠v ka-{ K-amb {]Xn-^ -e-\ -amWv tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ \ap°v ImWm-\mhpI. IY-I-fnbpw ssIsIm-´n-°-fnbpw BwKn-I-˛-km-Xzn-I-`n-\-b-ß-fnepw I¿WmS-I-kw-Ko-X-˛-hm-Zy-s∏-cp-am-‰ßƒ ]›m-Øe-Ønepw kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ tamln\n-bm-´-amWv Iem-a-fi-e-Øn-t‚-Xv. a±-fhpw CS-bv°bpw tkm]m-\-kw-KoX-hp-ambn Iem-a-fiew ssien°pw _ZepI- f p- ≠ m- h p- t ºmgpw Iem- a - fi ew kXy-`m-abpw Ah-cpsS injy-{]-in-jycpw Ifn®pw ]Tn- ∏ n®pw _en- j v T - a m- ° nb _mWn°v C∂pw £oW- a - t i- j - a n- √ . {]mXn- I q- e y- ß sf t\cn- S m≥X°- h Æw Bƒ_- e hpw {]ta- b - _ - e hpw Iem- a fiew ssien AX- X v Ime- ß - f n¬ B¿Pn-®p-t]m-∂n-´p-≠v. Ime-Øn-s\m∏w Ncn®pw Ime- h p- a mbn CS™pw ImeØns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-Isf ¢mkn-kn-k-Øns‚ Bbp-[-߃ sIm≠v adnI-S∂pw tIc-fI-em-afi-e-Øns‚ tamln-\n-bm´w Acßnepw If-cn-bnepw kp`-{Z-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p. Kpcp-]-c-º-c-I-fpsS A\p-{K-lhpw h≈-tØm-fns‚ Ir]m-I-Sm-£hpw Cu emky-Kw-K-bvs°m∏w {]h-ln-®p-sIm-t≠bn-cn°p-∂p. (tIcf Iem-a-fiew ]ªnIv dnte-j≥kv Hm^o-k-dmWv teJ-I≥)

IemaWvVeØnse h≈tØmƒ {]Xna

18 P\]Yw

G{]n¬ 2014


Ih¿tÃmdn

Imhmew \mcm-b-W-∏-Wn-°¿/Iem-a-fiew tkmWn

ae-bm-f-Øns‚ hy‡n-Xz-amWv

tamln-\n-bm´w tKm-fo-Ic- W - Ø - ns‚ ImeØv P\-]Y - ß - f - psS kzXz-ßf - p-S¬ DcpIn GI-Xm-\a - m-b Hcp kwkvIm-cØ - ns‚ hm¿∏v aqi-bnte°v Hgp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°ptºmƒ C\nbpw XI¿∂n-´n-√mØ X´-Iß - f - nse kzXz-kw-c£ - W - Ø - n-\mbn Dd® Nph-Sp-It- fmsS\mS-Ihpw \mS≥ ]m´pw \mSy-[¿anbpw temI-[¿an-bp-ambn Ac-ßn-em-Sp-tºmƒ Ip´-\m-S≥ tNep≈ Ihn-XI - fpw ]m´p-Ifpw adp-hi-Øp-IqsS Hgp-Ip-∂p. tIc-fØ - \ - na At\z-jn®v AI-Øf - ß - f - n¬ Idßn-\-S-°msX shfnw-]p-d-ß-fn-te°v Ae™ Imhmew ae-bm-f-®qSp≈ ]m´pw sIm´pw B´-hp-sa√mw tIc-fa- Æ - n¬ Is≠-Øn. AsX√mw s]dp-°n-bS- n-°n-sbm-cp-°nsbSp-Øt- ±lw Xs‚ ]Wn-∏p-cb - psS `fimc-Øn-te°v apX¬°q-´n. AXn¬\n∂v tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n\pw In´n hensbmcp ]¶v. ]s≠t∂m ssItamiw h∂ tIc-f-Ø-\n-a-bp≈ Xmf ]≤-Xn-Ifpw cmKk{º-Zm-b-ßfpw At±lw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v Xncn®p-\¬In. tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n\v tIc-fob \rØ-cq-]s - a∂ kzXz-_ew Dd-®p-In-´n.

B

G{]n¬ 2014

?

Hcp tIc-fob \rØ-cq-]-sa∂ \nebv°p≈ kzXzw B¿Pns®-Sp-°mt\m \ne-\n¿Ømt\m tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v Ign™n-´pt≠m. Xo¿®bmbpw. Hcp \rØ-cq-]-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ tIc-f-Øn\v Nne Ah-Im-i-ß-fp-≠v. kv{Xo \rØ-Øn\pw ]pcp-j-\r-ØØn-\pw, Xmfi-h-Øn\pw emky-Øn-\pw. \Ωp-tS-Xmb \rØco-Xn°v AXn-t‚-Xmb ssk≤m-¥n-Ia - mtbm {]tbm-Km-flI - a - mtbm D≈ Hcp AkvXn-Xz-ap-≠v. {]mtZ-in-I-X-sb∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv ]≠pap-X-te-bp-≠v. amXw-K-ap\n Fgp-Xn-b-Xm-W-t√m _rl-t±-in. \mSyim-kv{X-sa-gp-Xn-bXv `c-X≥. Hcp-hiw \mSy-im-kv{Xhpw adphiw _rl-t±-inbpw sh®p-am-{Xta \ap°v Ie-Isf hne-bncp-Øm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. ImcWw Hcp henb `qJfiw \ndsb hym]n-®p-In-S-°p∂ At\Iw Ie-Iƒ. Cu Ie-Iƒs°ms° {]mtZ-in-I-amb kz`m-h-ßfpw tI{µo-Ir-X-amb Hcp kam-\-Xbp-ap-≠v. hntI-{µo-Ir-X-amb Ak-am-\-X-Ifpw tI{µo-Ir-X-amb

P\]Yw 19


kam-\-X-I-fp-ap-≠v. Cu Ak-am-\-X-I-fnemWv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Hmtcm tZin-bpsSbpw hy‡nXzw InS-°p-∂Xv. am¿Knsb∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv tZin-bpsS F√mw-IqsS tN¿∂p≈ ka- R v P k kz`m- h - a m- W v . AsX√mw tN¿∂p≈ Hcp kam- \ XbmWv \Ωƒ am¿Kn F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. \mSy-im-kv{X-Øn¬ kam-\-X-I-sf∏‰n ]dbptºmƒ \mSy-[¿ansb∏‰n am{X-sa-SpØm¬ Ipsd-tbsd Imcy-߃ A°-an´v ]d- b p- ∂ p- ≠ v . CsXms° \mSy- [ ¿anbmWv. {]mtZ-inI {]tbm-K-Øn¬ \mSy[¿an-Iƒ thsd-bp-≠v. tZinbn¬ tZinbm-bn´v Hcp-]mSv k¶¬∏-ß-fp-≠v. tZinbn¬ am¿Kn As√-¶n¬ tI{µo-Ir-X-amtb tZinbpw am¿Knbpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w \mSy-im-kv{X-Øn¬Øs∂ \ap°v Is≠Sp-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. tIc-f\pw amK-[-\psams° `c-Xs‚ a°-fpsS t]cp-I-fm-bncp-s∂-¶nepw t]cp-I-fn¬ NneXv kn≤m¥-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Nne-sXm-s°-sb-¶nepw Nne {]tZ-i-ß-fpsS t]cp-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. amK-[≥ Hs°. AXp-t]mse tIc-f≥ Xs∂-bp-≠-t√m. s]Æp-߃ Ccp-]-Ø©p-t]sc∏‰n ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXn-ep-aps≠mcp tIc-f. At∏mƒ tZi-kw-_-‘amb hyXn-bm-\-߃ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p≠v F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn¬ FØn-t®-cmsX \nhrØn-bn-√. Cusbmcp ImgvN-∏m-Sn¬thWw tamln-\n-bm-´sØ Ct∏mgpw Ft∏mgpw hne-bn-cp-Øm≥. ? tZin-bm-bn-´p≈ Hcp kz`mhw B¿Pns®-Sp-°m≥ Imew-sIm≠v tamln-\nbm-´-Øn\v Ign-™n-´p-t≠m. kXyw ]d-™m¬ \Ωƒ ImWm-sXt]m-bn-´p≈, Hcp kXy-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv Ct∏m-ƒ kqNn-∏n-®-Xv. tZin-kw-kvIr-XnbpsS X\na Xncn- ® - d n- ™ n- c p∂ Hcp {KmaoW kwkvIrXn Chn-sS-bp-≠m-bncp∂p. AXn¬ tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ Awi-߃ Is≠-Øm≥ \Ωƒ C∂p-hsc {ian-®n-´n-√. F√m hn`m-K߃°n-S-bnepw lnµp- ° ƒ°n- S - b nepw ap…o- ß ƒ°n- S bnepw {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°n-S-bnepw ChnsS h∂p ]m¿Ø 2000 h¿jsØ ]mc-º-cyap≈ A\y-kw-kvIr-Xn-Iƒhgn IS¬I-S∂p- h - ∂ - k zm[o- \ - ß - f n¬t∏mepw Cu tZio-kz-`mhw \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂p. DZm-l-cW-Øn\v "h´-°fn' F∂p-]-d-bp∂ Hcp \rØap≠v. "h´-°fn' amhn-e-∑m¿ Hc-\pjvTm-\-ambn \S-Øp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw ChnSpsØ F√m kaql-ß-fn-epw kam-\-amb \rØ- a p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. CsXm- s °- b t√ Iesb Pohn-X-hp-ambn _‘n-∏n-°p-∂Xv? km[m-c-W-°m¿ sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv, km[m-c-W-°m¿ the-tbm-sSm∏w ]mSns°m-≠n-cp∂Xv, Cu ]m´pw \rØ-hp-ambp≈ _‘- Ø n- e q- s S- t hWw tZinsb Xncn-®-dn-bp-hm≥. GXp-Im-cy-Øn-em-bmepw Nn{X-c-N-\-bnem-bmepw As√-¶n¬ tZhm-eb, a\p-jym-

20 P\]Yw

eb \n¿an-Xn-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬t∏mepw tZio kz`m-h-ap-≠v. \ΩpsS t£{X-ßfnse amXrI \ΩpsS \rØ- ß - f nse ASn-ÿm\ \ne-bp-ambn Iq´n-hm-bn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. aWn-∏q-cnse Hcp \rØ-Øn\v Ah-cpsS `q{]-Ir-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-ap-≠v. Ib-dpI... Ib‰w Ib-dp-I.. F∂n-ß-s\bp≈ Nne Nph-Sp-I-fp-≠v. Chn-sS-bp-ap≠v Ib-‰-߃. A©p XnW-I-fp-ap≠v \ap°v. Ipdn- © n, apss√, acp- X w, s\bv X ¬, ]msse. \Ωsf Xncn- ® - d n- b p∂ Nne XnW-I-fp-≠v. XnW-I-fpsS kz`mhw Ne\- ß - f n¬ hcp- I , kw`m- j - W - ß - f n¬ hcpI CsXms° kzm`m- h n- I - a mbn hcp∂XmWv. CXv am‰n a‰p-Nn-e-sXms° \Ωƒ A`n-\-bn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂mepw \ΩpsS B X\na ImWpw. ? tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ Hcp {][m\ kz`m-h-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv AXns‚ emkymw-i-am-Wv. AXp {]I-S-am-°m≥ BwKn-I-{]-{In-b-bn¬ {][m-\-ambpw {]tbm-Kn-°p∂Xv Npgn-∏p-I-fpw De-®nep-I-fp-amWv. Cu Ne-\-kz-`m-h-߃ \-Ωp-sS {]-Ir-Xn-bn¬ \n-∂p X-s∂ kzo-I-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂m-tWm..? Xo¿-®-bm-bn-´pw. C-hn-sS-Ø-s∂-bp-≈ I-Y-I-fn-°pw, C-hn-sS-Ø-s∂ h-f¿-∂p h∂n-´p-≈ Ir-jv-W-\m-´-Øn-\pw, C-hn-sS-Øs∂-bp-≈ A-\p-jvTm-\ I-e-I-fm-b sX-øØn-\pw, ap-Sn-tb-‰n-\pw ]-S-b-Wn-bv-°pw Hs°-°m-Wp-∂ H-cp tZ-io-k-am-\-X-bp-≠v. tZ-in-bp-sS A-I-Øp \n¬-°p-∂ Hcp kam\-X-bp-≠v. A-Xn¬ Xo¿-®-bm-bn-´pw H-cp hy-Xn-bm-\-ap-≠p-Xm-\pw. F-√mw H-s∂-¶n¬∏n-s∂ F-√mw Iq-sS H-∂p t]m-tc.. AX√. tZ-in-bn-¬t∏m-epw.. "tZ-in-bn¬ tZin'

tZ-in-bn¬ am¿-Kn' A-ß-s\ ]-cn-K-Wn-t® ]-‰q.. C-hn-S-sØ Iq-Sn-bm-´w, tZ-in-bn-se am¿-Kn-bm-Wv-. Iq-Sn-bm-´-am-tWm am¿-Kn..? A√.. tZ-in-bnse am¿-Kn-bm-Wv-.. tZ-in-bnse am¿Kn kz-`m-h-am-Wv-. tZin-bnse tZinbmWv \ΩpsS tam-ln-\n-bm-´w. ap-Sn-tb-‰v, sX-øw C-sX-√mw tZ-in-bn-se tZ-in-bm-Wv-. Im-c-Ww A-Xn-\-I-Øv am¿-Kn-bp-sS kv-]¿i-an-√m-sX X-s∂ tZ-in-bp-sS kz-X-{¥-amb A-\p-jvTm-\-sam-s°-bp-≠v. ? s]m-Xp-th `-c-X-\m-Sy-°m¿, {]tXyIn®v A- \ ytZ- i - Ø p- ≈ - h - ¿ ]- d - b ps∂mcp Cw- K v - f o- j v {]- t bm- K - a p- ≠ v . "Mohiniyaattam is a poor cousin of Bharathantayam F-∂v. A-Xv AwKoI-cn-t°-≠n h-cn-t√.. A-ßs - \ ]-db - p-∂X - m-Wv- A-h¿-°n-„w. tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v hy-‡n-Xz-an-√ F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-Xv a-e-bm-f-Øn-\v hy-‡n-Xz-ans√∂v ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-\v- Xp-ey-am-Wv-. a-e-bmfn-°v \m-S-I-ta-bp-≈q, A-s√-¶n¬ tN-c-\v\m-S-I-Ø-an-tg-bp-≈q, A-h-\v- Km-\-Ø-angn-√.. A-ß-s\ ]-d-bm-s\m-°n-√-tem.. \mSI-Øn-\v- kw-Ko-Xw B-h-iy-am-Wv-. kw-KoX-Øn-\v- \m-S-Iw B-h-iy-am-Wv-. A-t∏mƒ Cu A--t\ym-\y-X F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-Xn¬ sX°≥ Zn-°n-ep-≈ F-√mw Iq-Sn Iq-´n sh°p-tºmƒ Nne¿°Xv C„-s∏-Sp-∂ns√-∂p-am{Xw. tamln-\n-bm´w C-hn-sS {]Ncn-∏n-°m≥ th-≠n, `-c-X-\m-Sy-Øn-s‚ It®cn-bp-sS A-h-km-\w, th-jsam-s° am-‰nbn´v H-cmƒ h-∂n-´v h-f-sc hn-fw-_-Øn¬, HgpIn B-fp-I-sf-sbm-s° Dd-°p∂ Hcp Im-e{- ]-am-WØn¬, A-ßs - \-bm-sW∂mWv -h-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A-ß-s\-tb ]m-Sp-≈q∂mWv-, Cu Im-e-{]-am-W-ta ]m-Sp-≈q

Imhmew \mcmbW∏Wn°¿ G{]n¬ 2014


Bi-bm-hn-jv-Im-c-Øn\v F-∂mWv ap-ºv hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. A-ß-s\ Hcp I-e-bv°v \n-ev-°m-s\m-°n-√. B-flm-hn-jv-°m-c-am-WvI-e-bp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-sa-¶n¬˛sN-øp-∂hs‚ B-flm-hn-jv-°m-cw. N-Sp-e-X-]m-Sn-√. H- c p hn- f w- _ - Ø n- t e F- √ mw h- c m- h q, tZjyw X-s∂ hn-fw-_-Øn-te h-cm-hq, Fs∂m- s °- ∏ - d - ™ m¬ Ip- g - ß n- t √.. At∏m Cu c- k - k - ¶ ¬v ] samsam- s ° Fhn-sS-s∏m-hpw..? ? Cu em-ky-kz-`m-hw \n-e-\n¿-Øm≥ C-Xm-h-iy-am-sW-∂m-bn-cn-°n-t√ Cu hn-fw-_-Im-e-{]-am-W-Øn-s‚ ]n-∂n-se k-¶¬-∏w..? em-kyw sa-bn≥ B-sW-∂-t√ D-≈q.. D-Zm-l-c-W-Øn-\v-, Cu kwKo-tXm-]-I-c-Wß-fm-Wv- em-ky-Xm-fi-h-ßsf \n-›-bn°p- ∂ - X v. C- h n- s S Xm- fi - h - Ø n- \ v{]m[m\yw sIm-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠p-≈ H-cp D]I-c-W-ap-≠v, sN-≠. Cu sN-≠-sbm-∂pw th-W-sa-∂n-√, H-cp a-±-fw a-Xn Xm-fi-h{]-[m-\-am-°m≥. em-ky- Xm-fi-h-ß-fp-sS A-Xn¿-h-c-sº-hn-sS F-∂p \n¿-W-bn-°p∂-Xp X-s∂ \¿Ø-In-I-fpsS kz`m-h-a\p-k-cn-®n-cn-°pw. H-cp s]¨-Ip´n, '{]-fb-]-tbm-[n-P-te-[r-X-hm-\-kn... \-c-l-cn cq]-l-tc' F-∂p Im-Wn-®m¬, \c-l-cn-bmhm≥ ]m- S n- √ . \- c - l - c n- b m- h p- t ºmƒ apJsam-s° Np-fn-bpw, A-ß-s\ Im-Wn°m≥ ]m-Sn-√. s]-Æp-߃ Im-Wn-®m¬ A-Xn-s‚ `w-Kn-sbm-s° t]m-hpw, F∂p ]d™m¬ shdp-samcp s_m-Ω \rØamIpw. Cu B-i-bw sN-øp-tºmƒ, \-c-l-cn-bmbn am- d n, {Sm≥- k v - t ^mw- U v Bbn- Ø - s ∂ sNøWw. Theory of Transformation {]mh¿-Øn-I-am-°m-Ø H-cp Iebpw I-eb-√. ]-I¿-∂m-Sm≥ I-gn-bmØ H-cp Iebpw I-e-bm-hn-√. ? A- t ∏mƒ I- Y m- ] m- { X- Ø n- \ v - H- c p ÿmbo `m-h-hpw k-©m-co `m-h-hpw D- ≈ - X p- t ]m- s e, I- e m- c q- ] - Ø n- s ‚ ÿmbo- ` m- h - Ø n- e - [ n- j vTn- X - a m- b k©m-co `m-h-am-bn-cn-°-Ww D-≠m-th≠-Xv F∂m-tWm ]-d-bp-∂-Xv..? kw-i-b-an-√. C-s√-¶n-e-Xv I-e-bm-hn-√. H-cn-°¬ H-cp kp-lr-sØ-t∂m-Sv A-Ø-cØn- s em- c p Hm¿- a ]- ¶ p- s h- ® n- c p- ∂ p. At±lw I- ≠ n- ´ p- ≠ - t {X.. sIm- ¶ n- W ns∏¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ, A-hn-sS-bp-≈ Zm-kn-bm-´°m-cm-hpw, c-≠p -aq-∂p- t]-cv-, H-cp ssI-aWn-sbm-s°-∏n-Sn-®n-´v, c-≠p- Np-hS- v ap-t∂m´v, c-≠p Np-h-Sv ]n-t∂m-´v A-ß-s\.. F-∂n-´Xn-\v- tam-ln-\n-bm-´w F-s∂m-cp t]-cpw. AsXm-c-\p-jvTm-\-am-Wv. Bi-bm-hn-jvImc- a n- √ . AXp- s Im≠v A{X- a m{Xw aXn. ]s£ tamln-\n-bm´w F∂ \rØ-cq]w Aß- s \- b mtWm? Bi- b m- h n- j v I m- c ap≠v... k©m-cn-I-fp-≠v... ? tam-ln-\n-bm-´-Øn-s‚ kz-Xz-\n¿-W-bØn-te-°v h-cp-tºmƒ, a-s‰m-cp Im-cyw Iq- S n I- W - ° n- s e- S p- ° - W - s a- ∂ p G{]n¬ 2014

tXm∂p-∂p. tI-c-f-Øn-ep-¤-hn-® XmcX-tay-\ {]m-bw Ip-d-s™m-cp I-em-cq]-am-Wv- tam-ln-\n-bm-´w. Im- h m- e w : Cu I- e m- c q- ] - ß - f p- s S {]mbw ]-d-bp-tºmƒ, ]-e-t∏m-gpw A-Xnt‚-Xm-b {]m-bw am-{Xw ]-d-™m¬ t]mc. A-Xn-\pw ]n-∂n¬ \n¬-°p-∂ H-cp-]m-Sv {]m- b - s Ø I- W - ° n- s e- S p- t °- ≠ - X p- ≠ v . {]mbw C-{Xm-am-≠n¬ Xp-S-ßn F-∂p ]-dbp-∂-Xp-X-s∂ hn-Uv-Vn-Ø-am-sb-∂p-h-cpw. \- Ω p- s S \m- S - I w Xp- S - ß n- b - X v 1882emsW∂p ]-d-™v \-Ωƒ tLm-jn-®p \qdp-h¿-jw, 1982 -¬. H-c¿-Y-hp-an-√. ]ns∂¥n-\m \-Ω-fo t{i-jvT-`m-j-bm-hp-∂-Xv. \qdp-h¿-j-ta B-bn-´p-≈p \-Ωp-sS \m-SI-Øn-\v-, C-cp-\q-dp -h¿-j-ta B-bn-´p-≈p \-Ωq-sS I-hn-X-bv-°v, ]n-s∂-ß-s\-bm Hcp t{i-jvT-`m-j-bm-hp-∂-Xv. A-t∏mƒ A-Xn\p ]n- ∂ n- e p- ≈ H- c p- ] n- S n hn- I m- k - ß - f p- s S Ncn{Xw. tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øm-Ø hn-Im-k-ßfpsS N-cn-{Xw IW-°n-se-Sp-°Ww. `m-jsb `m-j-bp-am-bn _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂ `m-jmXo-X `m-j-bm-Wv-, \-Ωp-sS tam-ln-\n-bm-´a- S - ° - a p- ≈ tZ- i n- ] m- c - º - c y- Ø n- e p- ≈ F√mw. A-sX-√mw, `m-j-sb sIm-gp-∏n-°p∂, `m-j-bp-sS i-‡n-sb-bpw {]-tXy-I-XI-sf-bp-sa-√mw A-c-°n-´p-d-∏n-°p-∂ a-‰p ]-e Aw-i-ß-fm-Wv-. kw-Ko-Xw k-cn-K-a-][-\n B-sW-¶n¬-t∏m-epw A-Xn-se-gp-Xnb Ir-Xn-Iƒ am-{X-a-√, \-Ωp-sS kw-Ko-XØn-\v- \-Ωp-tS-Xm-sbm-cp `m-jm-Xo-X-`m-jmkm-∂n-≤y-ap≠v. ? tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ X\-Xp-`m-j-bpsSbpw kwKo- X - Ø n- s ‚bpw Imcyw hcp- t ºmƒ, h≈- t Øm- f n- s ‚bpw kzmXn- X n- c p- \ m- f n- s ‚bpw hgn- I sf Aßv Fß- s \- b mWv _‘n- ∏ n°p∂v? h≈-tØm-fn-s\bpw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fns\bpw _‘n-∏n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn-\p-

`m-j-sb `m-j-bp-am-bn _-‘n-∏n°p-∂ `m-jm-Xo-X `m-j-bm-Wv-, \-Ωp-sS tam-ln-\n-bm-´-a-S-°-ap≈ tZ-in-]m-c-º-cy-Øn-ep-≈ F√mw. A-sX-√mw, `m-j-sb sIm-gp-∏n-°p-∂, `m-j-bp-sS i-‡n-sb-bpw {]-tXy-I-X-I-sfbp-sa-√mw A-c-°n-´p-d-∏n-°p-∂ a-‰p ]-e Aw-i-ß-fm-Wv-. kw-KoXw k-cn-K-a-]-[-\n B-sW-¶n¬t∏m-epw A-Xn-se-gp-Xn-b Ir-XnIƒ am-{X-a-√, \-Ωp-sS kw-Ko-XØn-\v- \-Ωp-tS-Xm-sbm-cp `m-jmXo-X-`m-jm-km-∂n-≤y-ap≠v.

apºv Pohn- ® n- c p∂ Ip©≥ \ºymsc km£n- \ n¿Øn- t hWw AXv sNøm≥. Ip©≥ \ºymsc km£n-\n¿Øn-s°m≠-√msX \ap°v kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fn-s\bpw h≈-tØm-fn-s\bpw XΩn¬ _‘n-∏n-°m\m-hn-√. ? Ip©≥ \ºymsc sIm≠p-h-cp-tºmƒ ae-bm-fs - Ø-°p-dn®pw tIcfob kwKoX-sØ-°p-dn®pw IqSp-X¬ kwkm-cnt°- ≠ n- h - c pw. AXn- \ p- a pºv \ap°v Ncn-{X-Ønse Ahy-‡-ab Nne taJe- I ƒ kv ] ¿in- t °- ≠ n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. DZm: tZh-Zmkn _‘w. eoe HmwtNcn-bp-sSbpw a‰pw Kth-j-W-ß-fn¬ t£{X-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Imcy߃ hcp- t ºmƒ Nne kqN- \ - I ƒ tZh-Zmkn k{º-Zm-b-Øn-te°v \ofp∂p- ≠ v . AtX- k - a bw Iem- a - fi e ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ At\z-jn-°p-tºmƒ N∂Ωp AΩ So®-dntem Ahn-Sp∂p ]pd-tImt´m t\m°n-bm¬ tZh-Zmkn ]mc-ºcyw ImWm\pw km[n-°nt√ Ati-j-an-√. AXp-am-{X-a√ tIc-fsa∂v Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Cu {]tZiw ]≠v tImb-ºØ - q¿ hsc-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F¥mbmepw Cu "N¶v Hm^v Zn doPn-bWn'¬ Hcp tZhmkn IpSpw-_-sØtbm tZh-Zmkn A\p-`-h-sØtbm \ap°v B[n-Im-cn-Iambn FSp-Øp-]-d-bm-\m-hn-√. hy‡- a mb ]mc- º - c y- a p≈ tZi- ß fn¬ kZn- c ns‚ ]mc- º - c y- Ø n\v P∑w sImSpØ taem-‰qsc Kucn-b-Ω-sb-t∏msetbm As√-¶n¬ _mekc-kz-Xn-sbt∏m- s etbm Hcp IpSpw- _ - a p- s ≠- ¶ n¬ \Ωfpw Ahcpw H∂m- s W∂p ]dt™°mw. \Ωfpw Ahcpw aq∂m-sW∂v ]≠p- a p- X te \Ωƒ hniz- k n- ® n- c p- ∂ XmWv. AXv AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏´ Hcp Imcyhp-am-Wv. aq∂v F∂p ]d-™m¬ tNc, tNmf, ]mfiy Xs∂. CXv aq∂pw Hcpan-®p-I-gn-™n-cp∂p, h´-ta-i-Iƒ \S-Ønbn-cp∂p. Ahn-sSbpw aq∂v Xe-ÿm-\ß-fnepw sh®v \S-∂n-cp∂ Imcy-߃ At\ym\yw ]d-bp-I-sbms° sNbvXn-cp∂p- s h- ¶ nepw aq∂n\pw AXn- t ‚- X mb hyXykv X kz`m- h - a p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ - X mbn hy‡-ambn AwKo-I-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. kam\-X-Iƒ hf-sc-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂-Xns\m∏w AXv \ap-°w-Ko-I-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°m\m-hn-√. ? kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mƒ £Wn-®p-h-cp-Ønb \m¬h¿ kwL-Øns‚ IqsS h∂ \¿Ø-In-am¿°v tZh-Zmkn _‘-ap≠m-bn-cpt∂m? Ds≠-¶n¬ B ]mcº- c y- Ø ns‚ Hcp XpS¿® Chn- s Sbpt≠m. Ahn-sS-bmWv \ap-°p-h∂ BZysØ hnt—-Zw. Ahn-sSbpw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fns‚ cN-\-I-fn¬ At±lw ho£n-®n-cp∂ Hcp bpWo-Iv\kv. AXm-bXv Cu tIc-fo-bX; B Hcp kz`mhw AX-t±-l-Øns‚ ]Z-

P\]Yw 21


ß-fn¬ ImWp-∂p-≠v. F√m-apƒs°m-≈m \p≈ Hcp Xzc-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-´pw. lnµnbn¬ hsc hfsc tIa-am-bn-Øs∂ FgpXn-bn´pw At±-l-samcp hmt§-b-Im-c-s\∂ \ne-bn¬ {Xnaq¿Øn-Isf ]cn-K-Wn-°p∂ Iq´-Øn¬ Hcn-°epw ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-´n-cp∂n-√. cmPm-hm-bn-cp-∂n-´p-t]m-epw. X©mhq¿ \m¬h-sc-sbms° ChnsS hnfn-®ph-cpØn kzoI-cn®v U¿_m-dn¬ C{Xbpw kuIcyw sNbvXp-sIm-SpØp At±-lw. F∂n´pw Ah¿ Ah- c p- s S- b n- S - ß - f n¬ aqh¿°p Xpey- \ mbn Kuc- h - a m- s b- S pØn√. CsXmcp kXy-a-t√, Io¿Ø-\-ßsf-gp-Xn-b-t∏mƒ At±lw amXr-I-bm-°nb Imcy- ß - f √ D’- h - { ]- _ - ‘ - s a- g pXn- b t∏mgpw ]Z-ß-sf-gp-Xn-b-t∏mgpw At±lw Zo£n-®-Xv. AXmWv kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fn¬ c≠p hy‡nXzw ImWm- s a∂p ]d- b p∂Xv. ? `mcXn inh-Pn-bpsS ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ apJ-hp-c-bn¬ Ia-em-tZhn NtXm-]m≤ymb "As the Maharaja was himself deeply worsed in music he composed appropriate music for Mohiniyattam' F∂p ]d- b p- ∂ p≠t√m. Rm\nt∏m ]d™Imcy-ß-fmWv Iaem-tZhn NtXm-]m-≤ymbbpw ]d-™-Xv. Cu IrXn-Iƒ cNn-®Xv kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fn¬ AZ-ay-am-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂ tIcfo-b-X-sIm≠m-sW-∂m-Wv. a‰p Ie-I-tfm-Sp≈ A`n\n-th-isØ Iogvs∏-Sp-Ø-Ø-°-h-Æw, At±lw Hcp IY-Ifn ]Zw Fgp-Xn-bn-´ns√-¶n¬t∏m-epw, AXn-s\-sbms° ISØn-sh-´p∂ Hcp Imcyw D’h {]_‘hpw a‰pw Fgp- X n- b - X m- s W- ∂ mWv Rm≥ ]d-™-Xv. ? tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø n¬ tIc- f o- b - a mb Xmf- ] - ≤ - X n {]tbm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ Aßv Hcp {][m\ ]¶v hln-®n-´p≠v. Fhn- s S- s h- ® mWv tIc- f o- b - Ø - \ n- a bp≈ kwKoXw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v \jvS-s∏-´Xv. AXp- s Im- ≠ mWv ]d- ™ Xv h≈tØm-fn-s\bpw kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fn-s\bpw \Ωƒ ]cn- t im- [ n- ° p- t ºmƒ Ip©≥ \ºym¿ km£n-bm-I-W-sa-∂v. Ip©≥ \ºym¿ shfn-®-Øp-sIm-≠p-h∂ tIcfobØ\na kzmXn-Xn-cp-\m-fn\v F¥mbmepw C√m-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw AXn-s\°mƒ henb Hcp temI]uc-\m-bn-´p-amdn. ]eXpw ]d™ Iq´- Ø n¬ \ΩpsS tkm]m-\-Øn¬ ]Z-ßfpw Fgp-Xn. t\sca-dn®v Ip©≥ \ºym¿°v ap´n-\p-ap-´n\v tIc-fo-b-X-sb-∏-‰n-b-√msX as‰m∂pw ]dbm-\n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. tIc- f o- b - Ø - \ n- a - b p≈ kwKoXw tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn\v \jvS-s∏-´Xv Ip©≥ \ºym¿°pw apºmW.v Ip©≥ \ºymcp- t ]mepw \ap°v hfsc kpe- ` - a mbn

22 P\]Yw

tIc-fo-bØ - \ - n-ab - p≈ kwKoXw tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n\v \jvSs- ∏-´Xv Ip©≥ \ºym¿°pw apºmW.v Ip©≥ \ºym-cp-t]mepw \ap°v hfsc kpe-`a- mbn In´m-am-bn-cp∂ Im-cy-ßf - √ - , hfsc _p≤n-ap-´n-°n-t´≠ Imcy-߃ Kth-jW, hna¿i\ _p≤n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu \m´nse {]tXy-In®v RßfpsS Ip´-\m-´n-se-sbms° km[m-cW P\-ßf - p-ambn kº¿°w ]pe¿Øn-bn´v Is≠-Sp-ØX - mWv. In´m-am-bn-cp∂ Im-cy-ß-f-√, hfsc _p≤nap- ´ n- ° n- t ´≠ Imcy- ß ƒ Kth- j W, hna¿i\ _p≤n-tbm-Sp-IqSn Cu \m´nse {]tXy- I n®v Rß- f psS Ip´- \ m- ´ n- s esbms° km[m- c W P\- ß - f p- a mbn kº¿°w ]pe¿Øn- b n´v Is≠- S p- Ø XmWv. At±lw D]-tbm-Kn® Xmf-߃ apgp-h≥ Aßs\ In´n-b-Xm-Wv. Rm\o Xmf-߃ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ sNø-Wsa∂v \n¿tZ- i n- ® p. tIc- f o- b - X - b psS t]cn¬. At∏m-fn-sXm∂pw Bcpw kzoIcn-®n-√. kzmXn-Xn-cp-\mtfm h≈-tØmtfm H∂pw apºv sNbvXn-´n-√t√m! Ct±lw (Ip©≥ \ºym¿) ]cm- a ¿in®nt´- b p- ≈ p. Xp≈-en-emWv {]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈Xv. CXv tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn¬ sNø-W-sa∂v Rm≥ ]d- ™ - t ∏mƒ ]ecpw ]d- ™ Xv CXnßs\ Hm¿Øn- c n- ° m≥ _p≤nap´msW∂m-Wv.v Ah-tcmSv Rm\∂v tNmZn-®Xv Chn-SsØ km[m-c-W-°m-cmb sXmgn-emfn-Iƒ, ]mSØv Rmdp \Sp-∂-h¿ Cu Xmf߃ sNm√p-Ibpw ]mSp-Ibpw sNbvXp. \n߃°- { Xbpw t]mepw s\‰n- h nb¿°msX CXp sNø- t Wmsb∂mWv . AXp-t]mse Cu Xmf-߃ hfsc AbXv\-e-fn-X-ambn Rmdp \Sp-tºmgpw sImøptºmgpw ]mSn-bn-cp∂ Bfp-I-fp≠v. AXpt]mse sXø-Øn¬ Cu a¿a-Xm-f-sams° km[m- c WamWv hfsc kpe- ` - a m- W v . F∂m¬ IY-I-fn-t]mepw FSp-°m≥ hn´pt]m- b n. t^m°n- s em- s °- b p≈ Imcyw FSpØp{]-tbm-Kn°m≥ \ap°v _p≤n-ap´m-sW∂p ]d-™m¬ AXp I„-a-t√, AXmWp kw`-hn-®-Xv. ? Cu kwKo-X-Ønse kz`m-h-Ønse am‰w ]°-ta-f-Øn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ kwKo- t Xm- ] - I - c - W - ß - f psS ImcyØnepw am‰-ap-≠m-°ntbm. DZm-l-c-WØn\v sN≠. F¥p-sIm-≠mWv sN≠ Akp-c-hm-

Zy-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xv, hnÕnØw sIm≠mtWm, AXn\v Akp-c-hm-Zy-sa∂v t]cn´Xv? Akp- c - ∑ m¿°v BSm≥th- ≠ nsbm∂pw D≠m-°n-b-X√ sN≠. AXv Xmfi-h-hm-Zy-am-Wv. AXn-s\-°mƒ D{Kamb i_vZ-ap≈ hmZy-ß-sfm-s°-bp-≠v. apciv t]mse-bp-≈-h. F∂mepw sN≠t]mse hcn-√. ]ns∂, AtX sN≠bv°v hfsc arZphm-bn-´p≈ Xma-c∏q hncn-bn°m\pw km[n- ° pw. ]s£ AXns‚ kz`mhw, B hmZy-Øns‚ s]mXp-kz-`mhaw F¥m-sW∂p tNmZn-®m¬ Hcn-°epw am\n-]yp-te-‰v sN-øm-s\m-°n√ F∂-XmWv. KaIw sIm≠p- h - c m- s \m- ° n- √ . KaIw Bh- i y- a m- W v , emky- Ø n\pw emfn- X yØn\pw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv arZwKw IqSn tN¿Øn´v AXn-s\mcp tNcp-am\w D≠m°n- b - X v . G‰hpw emky- { ]- [ m- \ - a mb tXm¬hmZyw F∂p-]-d-bp-∂Xv FS-bv°bmWv . ImcWw FSbv ° "k...- ] ...k' F¶nepw t]ipw. hfsc tafn-tem-´p-t]mbn A]- { ipXn D≠m- ° msX AXn- s \mcp kpJ-I-c-amb {Xnÿmbn ]nSn-°m-s\-¶nep-sam-°pw. ]s£ AXn-sems° Nn√d _p≤n-ap-´p-Ifpw hcpw, {ipXn-bpsS ImcyØn-sems° Nne-t∏mƒ IrXy-ambn Aßv FØp-Ib - n-√. ]s£ Cu KaIw sImSp°m≥ thsdmcp hmZy-an√ tXmen¬. ? arZw- K - Ø n¬ sIm≠p- h - c p- ∂ - X pt]mse sNm√p-I-fpsS hy‡X a±-fØn¬ sIm≠p- h - c m≥ km[n- ° n√ F∂-XmWv arZw-KsØ A\p-Iq-en°p∂ \¿Ø- I n- I ƒ ]d- b p- ∂ - X v . F∂m¬ tamln-\n-bm´ AS-hp-I-fpsS Hgp- ° n\v tNcp- ∂ Xv a±- f - Ø ns‚ \mZhpw hmZ-\-hp-am-sW-∂v a‰p Nne¿ ]d-bp∂p. sNm√p-Iƒ°v hy‡-X-bn-√m-sb-∂Xv hfsc sX‰mWvv. ImcWw Hmtcm C≥kv{Spsa‚ n\pw Hmtcm Ah≤- h m- Z y- Ø n\pw X{¥n- h m- Z y- Ø n\pw AXn- t ‚- X mb Hcp `mj-bp-≠v. sNm√p-I-fn-√m-sX, `mj-bn√msX Hcp C≥kv{Sp-sa‚pw C√. FS-bv°bn¬ sIm´n-]-Tn-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse tN... tN... tN... ]Øpw tN...- t N.../tN... tN°nS InS-XIn/X°n-Øn°pw/X°pw Ip°pw/]Øpw tN...tN...- t N... B C≥kv{Sp-sa‚ns‚ `mj-bm-Wv. AsX-hnsS tI´mepw B C≥kv { Sp- s a‚ v ]dbpw CsXs‚ `mj-bm-sW∂v. a±-f-Øn-s\mcp `mj-bp-≠v, sN≠-bvs°mcp `mj-bp-≠v. X{¥n- h m- Z y- Ø n- \ p- t ]m- e pw... Xc- X Øotcm... XncvXo-tcm... Xncv XncvØ Xncv Xntcm.. ∂mWv ]p≈p-h-ho-W. AXns‚ sNm√p-I-fm-Wv. Cu sNm√p-I-fmWv ]p≈h¿ hmbn-°p-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ Hmtcm-∂ns‚bpw `mj Bh-iy-ap-≈-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v D]- t bm- K n- ° - W w. B `mj- s b- ° p- d n®v hn⁄m-\-ap-s≠-¶n¬ B C≥kv{Sp-sa‚p]-tbm-Kn-°mw. G{]n¬ 2014


Ih¿tÃmdn

Iem-a-fiew hna-em-ta-t\m≥/Iem-a-fiew tkmWn

tamln-\n-bm-´-Øns‚ X\na \jvS-s∏-S-cpXv

tam

ln-\n-bm-´-Øns\ C∂p ImWp∂ cq]-Øn-te°v hf¿Ønsb-SpØ BNmcyamcnsemcmfmWv Iem-a-WvUew hna-emta-t\m≥. DSp-Øp-sI-´nepw apSn-®p-‰nepw \rØ-hn-[m-\-ßfnepw Xs‚ `mh-\-bpsS AgIpw B¿Pn-s®-SpØ ]cn-ioe-\-Øns‚ Icp-Øp-ap-]-tbm-Kn®v ]pØ≥ ]co-£-W-߃ \SØn hnP-bn® \¿Ø-Inbpw \rØm-[ym-]n-I-bpw. ? So-®¿ I-em-a-fi-e-Øn-se B-Zy-Im-e hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-Ifn¬ H-cm-fm-Wv-. B Ime-sØ ]-cn-io-e-\ k-{º-Zm-b-ß-sf°p-dn-®v H-∂p ]-d-bm-tam. ? A-s∂m-s° tlm-Ã-en¬ \n-∂p X-s∂-bm-Wv-]Tn-°p-I. cm-hn-se \m-ep-a-Wn-s°-Wo-‰v I-¨ km-[-Iw, sa-bv-km-[Iw

Iem-a-fiew hna-em-ta-t\m≥

G{]n¬ 2014

H- s ° sN- ø pw. sa- b v - k m- [ - I w F- ∂ p sh®m¬ D- t ±- i n- ° p- ∂ - X v i- c o- c w sIm≠p≈ N-e-\-߃, ssI-bp-sS N-e\- ß ƒ, I- Æ p- s Im- ≠ p- ≈ N- e - \ - ß ƒ Hs°. A-Xp I-gn-™v \-Ωƒ A-S-hp-Iƒ ]- c n- i o- e n- ° m≥ H- ∂ pw c- ≠ pw sIm- √ w sNe- h n- S pw. A- s ∂m- s ° Un- t πm- a m tImgvkv F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-Xv \m-ep-sIm-√am-Wv. ]-t£, Rm≥ t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\v-sXm´p-ap-ºv A-Xv A-©p-sIm-√m-°n. ]-t£, ]n-∂o-Sv A-Xp-sIm-≠v h-en-b {]-tbm-P-\an-s√-∂p-≈ A-`n-{]m-bw h-∂v A-Xv Xncn®v \m-ep-sIm-√w X-s∂-bm-°n. A-s∂m-s° X-©m-hq¿ `m-kv-I¿ dm-hp B-Wv- `-c-X\mSyw F- S p- ° p- ∂ - X v . Nn- ∂ - Ω p A- Ω So®¿... ]-g-b-∂q¿ Nn-∂-Ωp A-Ω-´o-®-dp≠m-bn-cp-∂p tam-ln-\n-bm-´-Øn-\v-. Nn-∂-Ωp A-Ω-´o-®¿ h-en-b-h¿-°m-bn-cp-∂p ¢mkv F- S p- Ø n- c p- ∂ - X v . R- ß ƒ- ° m- s W- ¶ n¬, kXy-`m-a-´o-®¿ A-S-hp-Iƒ-°v {]m-[m-\yw sIm-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠v ¢m-s€-Sp-Øp Xp-S-ßn. A∂v, c-≠p sIm-√w `-c-X-\m-Syw ]Tn-®-hcm-Wv- tam-ln-\n-bm-´w ]Tn-®p-Xp-S-ßp-∂-Xv. A∂sØ Hcp KpW-sa-¥m∂psh-®m¬, Cu H- º - X v ˛ - ] - Ø v h- b - € p- I m- e - ß - f n¬ Ip´n-I-sf ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn. B H-cp Im-e-L-´w X-s∂-bm-Wv- Ip-´n-I-sf ]Tn-∏n°m≥ Xp-S-tß-≠-sX-∂m-Wv- F-s‚ A-`n{]m-bw. Rm≥ Ip-´n-I-sf ]-cn-io-en-∏n-°p∂- X v B H- c p Im- e w ap- X ¬- ° m- W v - . thsdm∂pw sIm-≠-√, AXn-\p-ap-ºp-≈h¿°v ]Tn-°m-\p-≈ tam-lw Nn-e-t∏mƒ D-≠m-sb-∂v h-cn-√. H-cp ]-{¥-≠v h-b-s€ms°-≈ Ip--t´ym-fm-Wv- tam-lw sIm-≠v ]Tn°m≥ h-cm.. Un-{Kn B-°n-b-t√m I-em-afi- e - Ø n¬. A- ß - s \ B- ° n- b - t ∏m, ]Ømw ¢mkv Ign-™-hcpw ]{¥≠mw ¢mkv Ign- ™ - h - c p- s am- s °- b mWv hcp∂Xv. F-\n-°v tXm-∂p-∂-Xv sa-bv km-[I-Øn-\pw a-‰pw Cu Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v Ip-d-®pw Iq-Sn _p-≤n hn-I-kn-∏n-®v A-h-sc \-ΩpsS se-h-en-te-°v sIm-≠p-h-cm≥ \-√-Xv H-cp H-º-Xv ]-Øp h-b-€p-X-s∂-bm-sW-∂m-Wv. A-Xv F-s‚ A-\p-`-hw. Rm-s\m-cp ÿm]-\w \-S-Øp-∂p-≠v. C-t∏mgpw Rm≥ Iem-

P\]Yw 23


a-fi-e-Øn¬ t]m-hp-tºmƒ B H-cp hyXym-kw F-\n-°v tXm-∂n-bn-´p-≠v. B sabv km-[-Iw, I¨ km-[-Iw, ssI km-[Iw, I-gp-Øp-sIm-≠p-≈ km-[-Iw A-s√¶n¬ Cu A-S-hp-Iƒ-°p-≈ ta-∑-I-sfms° A-∂p sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ B H-cp ta-∑ C-∂p-t≠m F-∂p tNm-Zn-®m¬, C-s√-∂p X-s∂ F-\n-°v ]-d-tb-≠n h-cpw.? em-ky-{]-I-S-\-Øn-\v- tam-ln-\n-bm-´Øn¬ A-Sn-ÿm-\-am-°p-∂ Np-gn-∏p-I-fpw, D-e-®n-ep-I-fp-sam-s° I-Y-I-fnbnep-ap-≠t√m. C-Ø-cw ]-cn-io-e-\-߃ I-Y-I-fnbn¬ \n-∂pw In-´n-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ tam-ln\n-bm-´-Øn-\v- Iq-Sp-X¬ k-lm-b-I-am-hp-ambn-cp-∂n-t√..? A-∂v Cu tam-ln-\n-bm-´-Øn-\v- A-{Xbv-°v {]m-[m-\y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. t{]m-{Kman-\v- t]m-Im-\m-bn-´v I-Y-I-fn-bp-sS Iq-sS an-°-hm-dpw `-c-X-\m-Syw Ip-´n-I-sf-bm-Wvhn´n-cp-∂-Xv. ]n-s∂-∏n-s∂-bm-Wv-, tI-c-fØn- s ‚ X- \ - X p- I - e - s b- ∂ \n- e - b n¬ tamln-\n-bm-´-Øn-s\m-cp {]m-[m-\yw I-ev]n®p Xp-S-ßp-∂-Xv. D-Zm-l-c-W-Øn-\v-, ]Tn°p-∂Xv A\y-tZ-i-°m-cm-Ip-tºmƒ A-h¿ \-Ωp-sS I-e-sb t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°m≥ an\s°-s´-∂p h-cn-√. A-hn-sS-bm-Wv- ]-cn-ioe-\-Øn-s‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Rm≥ t\-c-tØ ]-d-™-Xn-s‚ {]k‡n h-cp-∂-Xv. ]-Xn\-©p-h-b-s€-¶n-epw B-hm-sX irw-K-c-]Z-߃, F-¥m-sWm-cp \m-b-I-t\m-Sv s]cpam-td-≠-Xv, F-¥m-sWm-cp \m-b-I-t\m-Sv sNtø-≠p-∂-Xv, Fs∂ms° a\-€n-em°m≥ _p≤n- a p- ´ m- W v . hmkv X - h - Ø n¬ Fw.sI.sI. \mb- c p- s S- s bms° ImeØmWv tam-ln-\n-bm-´-Øn-\v- A¿-ln-°p∂ H-cp ÿm-\w t\-Sn-s°m-Sp-Ø-Xv. A-sXms°-s°m-≠m-hmw, "C-≠-en-l h-f-cp-∂p', "F-¥-tlm h-√-`' XpS-ßnb C\-ß-sfms°, btYjv T w Ac- ß n¬ sNøm≥ R߃s°ms° {XmWn- I n- ´ n- b - X v. AXn\p apsºms° `c- X - \ m- S y- Ø ns‚ Iq´-Øn¬ A-tX X-e-ap-Sn-s°-´n-em-Wv-tamln-\n-bm-´w sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. ]-t£, kmcn am-{Xw C-∂-sØ {U-€-√. A-sXm-s° Rm≥ ]n¬-°m-e-Øv sN-bv-X-Xm-Wv-. Rm≥ km-cn tI-‰n-bp-Sp-Øp. ]n-s∂-∏n-s∂-bm-sW\n-°v tXm-∂n-Øp-S-ßn-b-Xv, Cu \r-ØØn-\v- Ip-d-®pw Iq-Sn `w-Kn-bm-hm-tem F∂v. D-Æn-bm¿-®-bp-sS apSns°-s´m-s° I-≠n´v F-\n-°v tXm-∂n, A-ß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°pw Ipd-®pw-Iq-Sn `w-Kn-sb-∂.v Aßs\ {U€nepw a‰pw ]eXpw ]co-£n-°p-Ibpw hnP-bn-°pIbpw sNbvXn-´p-≠.v ?tamln-\n-bm-´-Ønse ]°-ta-f-sØ∏‰n emky-`m-h-Øn-\p-th≠n FSbv° D]tbm- K n- ® Xpw BZy- a m- b n´v Rm\m- W v . sk\‰v lmfnse Hcp ]cn- ] m- S n- b n¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ ]Xn-\mep Ip´n-Isf sh®v Iwt]mkv sNbvX C\w. AXn¬ ]¥Sn

24 P\]Yw

IY-Ifn I≠m¬ ]pcpj-th-ja- m-bmepw kv{Xoth-ja- m-bmepw \f-\m-bmepw Za-b¥ - nbm-bmepw AXv IY-Ifn-bm-sW∂v Xncn-®d - n-bp∂Xv B thj-hn-[m-\Øn-em-W.v AXp-t]mse tamln-\n-bm-´Ø - n\v ]pXp-ab - ° v p-th≠n HUokn thj-aW - n™m¬ AXv tamln-\nbm-´a- m-sW∂v ImWp-∂h-sc-ßs\ hniz-kn-°pw. ]pdw \m´n-ep-≈h - ¿ CXp-I≠ - m¬ tamln-\nbm-´a- m-sW∂v [cn-°pIbpw sNøpw F∂p-]-d-bp∂ C\w Rm≥ Iq´n-t®¿Øp. arZwKw am{X-am-bn-cp∂p Rm\-∂p-hsc D]tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Bbn-S-bv°mWv Kpcp-hmbq-cn¬ AjvS-]-Zn°v FSbv° D]-tbm-Kn°p-∂Xv Rm\m-Zy-ambn I≠-Xv. Rm\o ]¥-Sn-°p-th≠n ]¥v X´p-tºmƒ am{Xw FSbv ° H∂v s]c´n hmbn- ® p. ]¥v t]mIp∂ kabw hsc am{Xw. ]ns∂ Rm≥ c≠m-aXv sNbvXXv AXn¬Øs∂ Hcp h≠ns‚ Ne- \ - a p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. AhnsS a±- f - s am∂v s]c- ´ n- h m- b n- ® p. sXm∏n-bn-Sm-≠v. AXm-bXv arZw-K-Øns‚ tase-h-cmØ Hcp arZpXzw thW-sa∂v tXm∂n h≠ns‚ Ne-\-Øn\,v tX≥ \pIcp∂ `mK- Ø p- a m- { Xw. ]s£ AXns\ms° Hcp-]mSv hna¿i-\-߃ Rm≥ t\cn- t S- ≠ n- h - ∂ p. Aß- s \- s bm∂pw sNøm≥ ]mSn-s√∂v Cu cwKsØ ]e {]K- ¤ cpw Ft∂mSv ]d- ™ p. ]s£ ]n¬°m- e Øv F√m- h cpw CsXms° sNbvXp. ]ns∂ Xnan-e-bpsS Imcyw AXv Fhn-sS-bm-Wp-]-tbm-Kn-®-sX-∂p-sh-®m¬, "cma- \ m´w tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø n¬' F∂ hnj-b-Øn-\mWv F\n°v s^tem-jn∏v In´n- b - X v . AXns‚ s{]mU- £ ≥ \S°p∂ kabØv ate-jy-bn¬ aq∂v ZnhksØ Hcp ]cn-]m-Sn°v £Ww In´n. Ahn-sS-bmWv Cu D]-I-c-W-ßsf√mw. FSbv°, Xnan-e, DSp-°v, arZwKw F√map-]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. sN≠ am{X-ap-]-tbm-Kn®n√. Hcp-]mSv IYm-]m-{X-ßfpw A`n-\nb aplq¿Ø-ßfpw D≈ Hcp s{]mU-£≥ Bbn- c p∂p AXv . AXp- s Im- ≠ p- X s∂ `mhm-hn-jvIm-c-Øn-\p-th≠n ]e D]-I-cW-߃ D]-tbm-Kn® Iq´-ج Xnan-e-bp-

ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. sN≠bv°v Akp-c-hmZyw F∂p ]d-bp∂ B kz`mhw icn°pw Ds≠∂v tXm∂n-bX - p-sIm≠v Rm\p-]t- bmKn- ® n- ´ n- √ . ]s£ bp≤- c w- K - s Øms° Bbn-°q-tS-sb∂v tXm∂n-bn-´p-≠v. CXphsc ss[cyw h∂- ´ n√ F∂p- a m- { Xw. _m°n tIc-f-Ø-\n-a-bp≈ kIe hmZyßfpw Rm\p-]-tbm-Kn®v t\m°n-bn-´p-≠v. B \nebv ° v Xnan- e - b psS D]- t bmKw sX‰m-sb-\n°v tXm∂n-bn-´n-√. \ΩpsS X\Xv Ie-bmb IY-I-fn°v a±-fhpw Xnanebpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-≠v. ]©-hm-ZyØnse {][m\ D]-I-c-W-am-Wv Xnan-e. Xnane i_vZtImem-l-e-Ønepw hmbn°mw. HXp-°nbpw hmbn-°mw. angmhpw D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ sIm≈m-sa∂pw tXm∂nbn-´p-≠v. ]s£ CXp-hsc D]-tbm-Kn®v t\m°n-bn-´n-√. Blm- c y- Ø ns‚ Imcy- s a- S p- Ø m¬ AXv h¿W-i-_-f-am-Ip-∂-tXmsS tamln\n-bm-´-Øns‚ X\n-abv°pw kmXznI `mhØn\pw emfn-Xy-Øn-\p-sams° tIm´w X´p-∂n-t√. CXp ]d-bp-tºmƒ BZy-am-bn´v AjvS]Zn cwK-Ø-h-X-cn-∏n-®-tXm¿°p-∂p. Kpcphm-bq¿ Aº-e-Øn-emWv AXv sNbvXXv. A°m-eØv ip≤ tamln-\n-bm-´-bn-\-߃ am{X- a mWv cwKØv Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ® p- t ]m∂Xv. thj-Øn\v tImSn If-dn¬ Ikhp-am-{X-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. AjvS]Zn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®-t∏mƒ Irjv W s\ k¶¬∏n®v ]® sse\n´ Hcp Ikhv Rm≥ sIm≠p-h-∂p. ]n¬°meØv Nne-bn-\ß - f - n¬ cmh-Ws - ‚-sbms° cu{Z-`mhw Ah-X-cn-∏n-t°-≠n-h-∂-t∏mƒ Rm≥ Xhn´p Nph- ∏ p- \ n- d - ß ƒ CS- I e¿Øn. C∂v ]ecpw t]sc-Sp-°m≥ ]co£- W - Ø n- \ p- t h- ≠ n- b p≈ ]co- £ Ww sNøp-I-bm-Wv. Cub-SpØv Zqc-Z¿i-\n¬ tamln- \ n- b m- ´ - Ø ns‚ Hcp ske- £ \v t]mbn-cp-∂p. AXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ h∂ Hcp Ip´n HUokn coXn-bn-emWv thj-aWn- ™ n- c p- ∂ - X v . Rm\Xv \nc- k n- ® p. BIp´n-bpsS \rØ-sØ-b√ Rm≥ \nckn-®-Xv. IY-Ifn I≠m¬ ]pcp-j-th-jam-bmepw kv{Xoth-j-am-bmepw \f-\mbmepw Za-b-¥n-bm-bmepw AXv IY-I-fnbm-sW∂v Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂Xv B thj-hn[m-\-Øn-em-Wv. AXp-t]mse tamln-\nbm-´-Øn\v ]pXp-a-bv°p-th≠n HUokn thj-a-Wn-™m¬ AXv tamln-\n-bm-´-amsW∂v ImWp-∂-h-sc-ßs\ hniz-kn-°pw. ]pdw \m´n-ep-≈-h¿ CXp-I-≠m¬ tamln\n-bm-´-am-sW∂v [cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. ]ns∂ \¿Ø-In-Iƒ kz¥w ico-c-L-S\- I qSn t\m°n- t hWw ]pXp- a - s bms° ]co- £ n- ° m≥. XSn® ico- c - a p≈ Hcp \¿ØIn ªukns‚ Iøn-sems° ]mft]mse hoXn- b p≈ Ik- s hms° sh®m¬ ]ns∂bpw hÆw IqSn-b-t]msetb tXm∂p. G{]n¬ 2014


hnJymX kwKo-X-⁄≥ Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ A¥-cn®n´v ap∏-Xp-h¿j-߃ ]n∂n-Sp∂p

C¥y≥ kwKo-X-Øns‚

Bflob ssiew “cma-\m-Y≥ ]mSp-tºmƒ GtXm lnam-hrX `qJ-WvU-Øn-em-≠p-t]mb {]m‡-\-\-K-c-Øns‚ sXcp-hp-I-fn-e-e-bp∂ ]Yn-I≥ C\nbpw h‰msXmgpIp∂ a\p-jy-i-_vZ-Øns‚ sXfn-\o-cp-dh Is≠-Øp-∂p”íí í ˛cm-a-\m-Y≥ ]mSp-tºmƒ, k®n-Zm-\-µ≥

Fw.-

Un. cma-\m-Y≥ F∂ alm-\mb kwKo-X-⁄-s\-∏‰n Nn¥n-°ptºmƒ BZyw a\-€n-se-ØpI At±- l - Ø ns‚ Bem- ] - \ - h y‡n- X z- a m- W v . `mc- X o- b - k w- K o- X - Ø ns‚ khn-ti-j-]m-c-º-cy-amb at\m-[¿a-ssien°v ]pXn-sbmcp hymJym\w \¬Inb. kwKo-X-⁄-\mWv At±-lw. a{µ-ÿm-bnbn-eq-∂p∂ hnfw-_n-X-kw-Ko-X-am-bn-cp∂p cma-\m-Y≥ kr„n®Xv. I¿Wm-S-I-kw-KoXØn\p kam-\-amb Hcp BJym-\-`w-KnbmWv CXn-epsS At±lw kΩm-\n-®-Xv. Ie-bpsS e£yw hkvXp-°-fpsS _mlycq- ] sØ {]Xn- \ n- [ m\w sNøp- I - b - √ , B¥-cnI-`m-h-sØ-bmWv F∂v ]d-bm-dp≈Xv cma-\m-Ys‚ kwKo-XsØ kw_‘n®v ]q¿W-ambpw A¿Y-h-Øm-Wv. Hcp I√n¬ {]]-©hpw ssI°p-ºn-fn¬ A\¥-Xbpw Is≠-h-\m-bn-cp∂p cma-\m-Y≥. Cu thZm-¥Z- ¿i-\sØ kwKo-XØ - n-eqsS hymJym- \ n- ° m≥ cma- \ m- Y ≥ {ian- ® p. Nhp-°-Im-e-Øn¬ a{µ-ÿm-bn-bn-ep≈ cma- \ m- Y s‚ Bem- ] - \ - _ mWn Xs∂bmWv B kwKo-XsØ thZm-¥-Nn-¥-bnte°v ASp-∏n-°p-∂Xv. sNssº sshZy-\m-Y-`m-K-h-X¿, ]me°mSv aWn Aø¿, ]me- ° mSv sI.- h n. \mcm-b-W-kzman, s\øm-‰n≥Ic hmkp-tZh≥, Sn.- F ≥. Irjv W ≥, Fw.- F - k v . tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥, Sn.-hn. tKm]m-e-IrjvW≥ F∂n-ßs\ I¿Wm-S-I-kw-Ko-XG{]n¬ 2014

Fw.Un. cma-\m-Y≥

P\]Yw 25

kwKoXw

ctaiv tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥


tem-IØ - n\v Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Ys\°qSmsX tIcfw kw`m- h \ sNbv X At\Iw kwKo- X - { ]- X n- ` - I - f p- ≠ v. Ah- c n¬ \ns∂√mw cma-\m-Y≥ hyXy-kvX-\m-Ip∂Xv At±-l-Øns‚ Bem-]-\-ssi-enbpsS kzIo-b-X-sIm-≠m-I-Ww.

hy‡n-Xz-ap≈ Bem-]-\-_mWn cma-\m-Y≥ ]mSn-bn-´p≈ "alm-K-W]Xnw a\-km-kva-cman' Bbmepw "kmKc-i-b-\-hnt`m' Bbmepw "`mh-bm-an-c-Lpcmaw', "cmam \o ss]', "F¥tcm alm\p-`m-hpep', "sZmc-Ip\m CSp-h≠n tkh', "N°-\n-cmP', "Kncnss]', "kma-P-h-c-Ka\', "Hm P-K-Zw_' F∂n-ßs\ GXp Io¿Ø-\-am-bmepw AX-s\√mw khn-tij- a mb Hcp cq]- ` mhw ssIh- c p- ∂ Xv At±lw AXm-e-]n®p F∂-Xp-sIm≠p am{X-am-Wv. Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ Fs∂mcp kwKo-X-⁄≥ C√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ B Io¿Ø- \ - ß sfm∂pw AXp- t ]m- s emcp cq]-`m-h-`w-KntbmsS \ΩpsS lrZ-b-Øn¬ CSw-t\-Sn-bn-´p-≠m-hn-√. AXm-bn-cp∂p cma\m-Y≥ As√-¶n¬ cma-\m-Ys‚ kwKoXw. A{X-am-{Xw hy‡n-Xz-]q¿W-am-bncp∂p At±-l-Øns‚ Bem-]-\-_m-Wn, AXp- s Im- ≠ mWv Hcp DØa injys\tbm A\p- I ¿Øm- h ns\t]meptam Ahtijn-∏n-°msX cma-\m-Y≥ IS-∂pt]m-b-Xv. Kpcp-Ip-e-hm-k-Øns‚bpw Kpcpin-jy-_‘ - ß - f - p-sSbpw DZm-Øt- h-Zn-bmWv I¿Wm-S-I-kw-Ko-X-cwKw F∂n-cn-°n-epw. C¥ybn¬ D]-\n-j-Øp-°sf \Ωƒ Bflm-hns‚ lnam-ebw F∂p hnti-jn∏n- ° m- d p- ≠ v . C¥y≥ kwKo- X - Ø n\pw AXp-t]m-semcp hnti-jWw \¬Ip-I-bmsW- ¶ n¬ AXv Fw.- U n. cma- \ m- Y s‚ kwKo-X-Øn-\mWv G‰hpw A\p-tbm-Pyam-bn-Øo-cp-I. thZ-ß-fnse Bi-b-ßfpsS kmcmwiw Dƒs°m-≈-p∂-Xp-sIm≠mWv D]-\n-j-Øp-Iƒ Aß-s\-sbmcp hnti- j W- Ø n\v A¿l- a mhp- ∂ - X v. F∂m¬ C¥y≥ kwKo-X-Øns‚ Bflob-`m-h-amb {_“-k-¶-ev]sØ [z\n-∏n°p-∂p-sh-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv cma-\m-Ys‚ kwKoXw C¥y≥ kwKo- X - Ø ns‚ "Bflm-hns‚ lnam-ebw' Bbn-Øo-cp∂Xpw. cma- \ m- Y ≥ Be- ] n® Hmtcm cmKhpw Io¿Ø-\hpw thZm-¥-Nn-¥-bpsSbpw hnip- ≤ - a mb `‡n- b p- s Sbpw Bflo- b - l n- a m- e - b - s Ø- b mWv ]Sp- Ø pb¿Øn- b - X v . cma- \ m- Y s\ tIƒ°p∂ GsXm-cm-fpsS lrZ-bhpw \n¿a-ea - m-ImsX Xc-an-√. a\-€n\v im¥n-ssI-h-cm-sX-bncn-°n-√. kwKo-X-Øn-eqsS Ime-Øn\v ISn™m-Wn´v {ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ ]mbp∂ kaql-Øns‚ Ime-K-Xn-°mWv cma-\m-Y≥ shfn®w ]I¿∂Xv. ]me- ° mSv Pn√- b n- e p≈ a™{] F∂ A{K-lm-c-Øn¬ 1923 tabv 20 \mWv Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ P\n-®-Xv. cma-\m-Ys‚

26 P\]Yw

cma-\m-Y≥ Be-]n® Hmtcm cmKhpw Io¿Ø\hpw thZm-¥-Nn-¥-bpsSbpw hnip-≤-amb `‡nbp-sSbpw Bflo-b-ln-am-eb-sØ-bmWv ]Sp-Øpb¿Øn-b-Xv. cma-\m-Ys\ tIƒ°p∂ GsXm-cmfpsS lrZ-bhpw \n¿a-e-amImsX Xc-an-√. a\-€n\v im¥n-ssI-h-cm-sX-bn-cn°n√. kwKo-X-Øn-eqsS Ime-Øn\v ISn-™m-Wn´v {ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ ]mbp∂ kaq-l-Øns‚ Ime-K-Xn°mWv cma-\m-Y≥ shfn®w ]I¿∂Xv.

]nXmhv tZth-i-`m-K-h-Xcpw Adn-b-s∏Sp∂ kwKo-X-⁄-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `uXn-I-imkv{X-Øn¬ _ncpZw t\Sn-sb-¶nepw cma\m-Ys‚ Nn¥bpw {i≤bpw kwKo-XØn-em-bn-cp-∂p. imkv{X-Øns‚ `uXn-Iam¿KsØ-°mƒ kwKo-X-Øns‚ Bflob-k-c-Wn-bmWv {]]-©-Øns‚ kXyw At\zjn°m-\p≈ Xs‚ hgnsb∂v cma\m-Y≥ Xncn-®-dn-™p. ]nXm-hn¬\n-∂pXs∂ kwKo-X-Øns‚ _me-]m-T-߃ lrZn-ÿ-am-°n-b-Xn-\p-tijw sNss∂-bnseØn Iem- t £- { X- Ø n¬ {]ikv X I¿Wm-S-I-kw-Ko-X-⁄-\mbncp∂ ssSK¿ hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS in-jyXzw kzoI-cn-®p At±lw.

aXn-ep-Iƒ ambv°p∂ kwKoXw \mev]-Xn-e-[nIw h¿j-߃ cma-\mY≥ kwKo-Xt- Z-hX - sb D]m-kn-®p. I¿WmS-I-kw-Ko-X-Øn¬ Acn-b-°pSn cmam-\pP Aø-¶¿, sNssº sshZy-\m-Y-`m-K-h-X¿, apkncn kp{_-“Wy Aø¿, siΩ-¶pSn {io\n-hmkø¿, Pn.-F≥. _mekp{_-“Wyw, a[p-ssc-aWn Aø¿, _rµ-˛-ap-‡am¿, Fw.-F-kv. kp∫p-e-£van, Un.-sI.

cma-\m-Ys‚ Hcp kwKoX kZ€v G{]n¬ 2014


]´-Ωmƒ XpS-ßnb H∂mw-Xe - a - p-db - n¬s∏´ Kmb-I¿°pw ]me-°mSv sI.-hn. \mcm-bW-kzm-an, alm-cm-P-]pcw k¥m-\w, Fw.F¬. hk-¥-Ip-am-cn, Un.-sI. Pb-cm-a≥, Sn.-B¿. kp{_-“-Wyw, Fw. _me-ap-c-foIr-jvW, s\øm-‰n≥Ic hmkp-tZ-h≥ apXemb c≠mw X- e - a p- d - b n¬- s ∏´ KmbI¿°pw CS-bn-emWv Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Ys‚ ÿm\w. Cu H∂mw Xe-ap-d-bn¬s∏´ Kmb-Ic - psS Ime-L´- Ø - n¬Øs∂ kwKoX-°-t®-cn-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cp∂ cma-\mY\v A¿l- X - s ∏´ {i≤ A∂sØ Bkzm-Z-I-cn¬\n∂v e`n-®n-cp-∂n√ F∂sXmcp bmYm¿Yy-am-Wv. B Bkzm-Z-Ik-aq-l-Øns‚ kwKo-X-]-c-amb ImgvN-∏mSp-I-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-bm-bn-´mWv CXv hnebn-cp-Ø-s∏-tS-≠-Xv. F∂m¬ Cu ]cn-anXn- b psS Ah- t i- j n- ∏ p- I ƒ, AXns‚ XpS¿®- s b- t ∂mWw c≠mw Xe- a p- d bn¬s∏´ Kmb-I¿s°m-∏hpw \ne-bp-d-∏n®n-cp∂ cma-\m-Y\v AXns‚ BZy-L-´Øn¬ A\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h-∂p-sh-∂Xpw Hcp ZpxJ-I-cmb kXy-am-Wv. ]n∂oSv 1980 Itfm-sS-bmWv Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ F∂ t]cv \ΩpsS kwKo-X-cw-KØv G‰hpw Db-

G{]n¬ 2014

c-Øn¬ {]Xn-jvTn-X-am-Ip-∂-Xv. At±-lØn\v acWw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xn\v sXm´pap-ºp≈ It®-cn-I-fn-sems° Bkzm-Z-I¿ Xnßn- ° q- S p- I - b mWv sNbv X n- c p- ∂ - X v . I¿Wm-SI kwKo-X-Øn\v tIc-f-Øn¬ X\-Xmbn A°m-eØv kn≤n-®p-sIm-≠ncp∂ hn]p-e-amb {]Nm-c-Øn-s‚bpw P\k-Ω-Xn-bp-sSbpw sXfnhpw Afhp-tIm-epam-bn-´mWv cma-\m-Y-kw-Ko-X-Øn\v Cu ka-bØv ChnsS kr„n-°m¿ Ign™ Akzm-`m-hnI _mlp-eysØ IW-°mt°-≠-Xv. At∂mfw Xan-gv\m-´nse kh¿W-cpsS am{Xw ssI∏n-Sn-bn-em-bn-cp∂ I¿Wm-SI- k w- K oXw tIc- f - Ø n¬ kz¥- a mb AkvXn-Xz-tØmsS hf-cm-\m-cw-`n-°p-∂Xv 1980 Itfm-sS-bm-Wv. Xan-gv\m-´n¬ \n∂p≈ kwKo- X - I m- c - ∑ m- c m- b n- c p∂p A∂p- h sc Chn-SpsØ imkv{Xob kwKo-Xm-kzm-ZIsc BI¿jn-®n-cp-∂Xpw AS-°n-`-cn-®ncp- ∂ - X pw 1980 Ifn- e mWv Cu Ahÿbv°v tIc-f-Øn¬ henb am‰ßƒ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. Chn-SsØ {]_p≤-amb kmaq-ln-Im-h-ÿ-bn¬ kwKo-XØn\v PmXn- b psSbpw aX- Ø n- s ‚bpw then-s°-´p-Isf Ffp-∏-Øn¬ t`Zn-®psIm≠v hf-cm≥ Ign-™p. AXns‚ BZykq-N-\-bmbncp∂p Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Ys‚ kwKo-X-Øn\pw ChnsS t\Sm≥ Ign™ h≥{]- N - c - W w. ae- b mfn kaqlw kz¥hpw X\-Xp-amb AkvXn-Xz-t_m-[tØmsS BZy-ambn s\t©-‰nb I¿WmSI kwKo-X-Im-c≥ Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y\pw kwKo-Xw, cma-\m-Y- kw-Ko-X-am-bn-cp-∂psh∂v \n€w-ibw ]d-bmw. cma-\m-Y\p apºv sNssºbpw cma- \ m- Y - \ p- t ijw tbipZmkpw s\øm-‰n≥Ic hmkp-tZ-h-\psa√mw tIc-f-Øn¬ I¿Wm-S-I-kw-Ko-XØn- e qsS ae- b m- f n- k - a q- l sØ Gsd kzm[o-\n-®n-´p-s≠-¶nepw Ah-cp-sS-sb√mw Bem- ] \ hy‡n- X zhpw Bem- ] \ ssienbpw Xangv {_m“- W - c psS kh¿W]-c-amb kwKo-X-t_m-[-Øn-e-[njvTn-Xhpw AXns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ Gsd Dƒs°m≠-Xp-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ cma\m- Y - \ m- I s´ P∑w sIm≠pw kn≤nsIm≠pw ChnSpsØ Xangv {_m“W kap-Zm-b-sØ, AXm-bXv kh¿W-X-sbbmWv {]-Xn-\n-[-m\w sNbv-sX-¶nepw At±l-Øns‚ Ie, kwKo-Xw, PmXn-bp-sSbpw aX-Øn-s‚bpw `mj-bp-sSbpw aXn-ep-Isf ambv®p-If - b - m≥ Ign-hp-≈X - m-bn-cp-∂p. IYI-fn, IqSn-bm´w apX-emb tIc-fob Iemcq-]-ß-fpsS ]Xn-™ -Im-e-Ønepw ebØn-ep-ap≈ Ah-X-c-W, Bkzm-Z\ coXnIsf Hm¿an-∏n-°p∂ kwKo-X-am-bn-cp∂p cma-\m-Y-t‚-sX-¶nepw AXn-eqsS ae-bmfn°p e`n-®Xv temI-\n-e-hm-c-ap≈ Hcp kwKo-X-{]-Xn-`-sb-bm-bn-cp-∂p. GsXmcp ae-bm-fn-°pw FØn-s∏-tS-≠p∂ Ie-bpsS kwKo-X-Øns‚ imkv{Xo-b-`mhw IqSn-bmWn-Xv.

ip≤-kw-Ko-X-Øns‚ Bflo-bm-\p-`hw kwKo- X - ⁄ - c psS kwKo- X - ⁄ ≥ F∂mWv Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ hnti-jn∏n- ° - s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ - X v . ]q¿W- a mb A¿YØn¬ ip≤kwKoXw F∂v B kwKoX- [ m- c sb \ap°v hnti- j n- ∏ n- ° mw. kwKo-X-Øns‚ Dt±-iy-ip-≤n-bn-te°mWv cma- \ m- Y ≥ hnc¬ Nq≠n- b - X pw. AXpsIm≠v AhnsS Hmtcm kwKo-X-⁄\pw hnZym¿Yn-bm-Wv. kwKo-X-Øns‚ e£yt_m[sØ km£m-XvI-cn-°p∂ Bflo-bm-\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p cma-\mYs‚ Hmtcm I-t®-cnbpw Bkzm-Z-I¿°v ]I¿∂v \¬In-b-Xv. sI.-hn. \mcm-b-Wkzm- a n- s b- t ∏m- e p≈ D∂X kwKo- X ⁄¿°p-t]mepw cma-\m-Y≥ hgn-Im-´nbm-bn-cp-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. sNss∂bnse ayqknIv A°m-Z-an-bpsS kwKo-XI-em-\n[n ]´w kzoI-cn® kµ¿`-Øn¬ sI.-hn.F≥., Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥ F∂ alm-\mb kwKo-X-⁄≥ Pohn-®n-cn-∏p≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ B _lp-aXn At±l-Øn\v \¬Ip-hm≥ Xm≥ Bhiys∏Spam-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v {]kvXm-hn-®p. sNss∂bnse ayqknIv A°m- Z an cma- \ m- Y \v apJw- X n- c n- ™ p- \ n- s ∂- ¶ nepw a‰- t \Iw ]pc-kvIm-c-ßfpw _lp-a-Xn-Ifpw At±lsØ tXSn- h - ∂ p. ]fl{io, tI{µ kwKo-X-\m-SI A°m-Z-an, tIcf kwKoX- \ m- S I A°m- Z an ]pc- k v I m- c - ß ƒ F∂nh Ah-bn¬ {][m-\-s∏-´-h-bm-Wv. Hcp kwKo-X-Im-c≥ F∂-Xn\p ]pdsa Hcp hmt§-b-Im-c≥ IqSn-bm-bncp∂p Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Y≥. ap∂q-tdmfw IrXn- I - f mWv At±lw cNn- ® n- ´ p- ≈ - X v . thZm- ¥ - N n- ¥ - b n¬\n∂v DS- s e- S p- ° p∂ `‡n- b mWv At±- l - Ø ns‚ IrXn- I fpsSbpw `mhm-fl-I-X. "hc-Z-Zmk' F∂ ap{Z-bmWv At±lw IrXn-I-fn¬ D]-tbmKn-®n-cp-∂Xv. Kpcp-hmb ssSK¿ hc-Zm-Nmcn-tbm-Sp≈ BZ-c-am-bn-´mWv cma-\m-Y≥ Cu ap{Z IrXn-I-fn¬ {]tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂Xv. Kpcp-\m-Y-t\mSv Id-I-f™ kvt\lhpw _lp-am-\hpw cma-\m-Y≥ ]pe¿Øn-bncp-∂p. Iem-t£-{X-bn¬ ssSK-dns‚ Acpa-in-jy-\m-bn-Øo¿∂Xpw cma-\m-Y-\m-bncp-∂p. Kpcp-\m-Ys‚ Bem-]-\-ssi-enbpsS kzm[o\w \ap°v cma-\m-Y-\n¬ icn°pw A\p-`-hn-°mw. "kmK-c-i-b-\hnt`m' (_m-tK{io), "P\\n' (i-¶-cm-`cWw-), "lcnbpw lc\pw H≥td' (A-TmW), "XymK-cmP-Kpcpw B{itb' (tIZmcw), Im]n cmK- Ø n¬ Xn√m\ F∂n- ß s\ cma- \ m- Y ≥ cNn- ® n- ´ p≈ [mcmfw IrXn-Iƒ C∂v a‰p ]e bph kwKo-X-Im-c-∑m-cn-eq-sSbpw Bkzm-Z-I-lrZ-bß-fn¬ Pohn-°p-∂p. 1984 G{]n¬ 27 \mWv Fw.-Un. cma-\m-Ys‚ Pohn-X-kwKo-X-Øn\v Xnc-»o-e-ho-W-Xv.

P\]Yw 27


t^mt´m-^o-®¿

sXø-ßf - p-db - p-tºmƒ hSt° ae-_m-dn¬ CXv A\p-jvTm-\hpw Iebpw ka-RvP-k-ambn ktΩ-fn-°p∂ sXø-ß-fpsS Imew.

A

v t^mt´mbv° ]n∂n¬

jv Sn. cm-tP

28 P\]Yw

km[mcWhpw Bth-i-`-cn-X-hp-amb Hcp AXn-Po-h-\-Øns‚ IYbmWv cm-tP-jn-t‚-Xv. ac-Whpw AXn-t\-°mƒ hn\m-i-I-camb ad-hn-bp-am-bp≈ t]mcm-´-Øn-s∂m-Sp-hn¬ Pohn-XØns‚ sImSn-∏-S-ap-b¿Ønb Hcp Iem-Im-cs‚ A\p-`-hI-Y-bm-W-Xv. ss^≥ B¿Svkn¬ _ncpZw t\Sn-b-tijw ]cky GP≥kn-bn¬ tPmen t\m°n-bn-cp∂, Nn{X-Imc\pw t^mt´m-{Km-^-dpw-Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂ IÆq¿ apg-°p∂v kztZ-in-bmb cmtP-jns‚ PohnXw am‰n-a-dn-®Xv 1999-˛¬ tImb-º-Øq-cn¬ D≠mb Hcp ss_°v A]-I-S-am-Wv. A]- I - S Øn¬ Xe- t ®m- d n\v amc- I - a mbn £X- t a‰ cmtPjv \nc-h[n ikv{X-{In-b-Iƒ°p-tijw ac-WsØ AXn-Po-hn-s®-¶nepw Hm¿a-bpw kwkm-c-ti-jn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ akvXn-jvI-Øns‚ `mKw Ccp-fn-em-≠p-t]mbn-cp-∂p. ]s£ D‰-h-scbpw Iq´p-Im-sc-bp-sam∂pw Xncn- ® - d n- b mØ thZ- \ m- P - \ - I - a mb Cu Ah- ÿ bn¬\n∂v Xncn-sI-sb-Øm-\p≈ cmtP-jns‚ {]bXv\-w HSp-hn¬ hn-P-bn-°p-I-Xs∂ sNbvXp. AXns\m∏w Hcp \mSp- a p- g p- h ≥ IqsS- \ n∂ lrZbw sXmSp∂ A\p-`-h-߃ 2013-˛¬ Xncn-sb-h∂ \nd߃ F∂ t]cn¬ ]pkvX-I-am-bn. Xm≥ cq]-Iev]-\-sNbvX Un]n-C-]n-bpsS ]mT-]p-kvX-I-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v A£-c-ame Dƒs∏sS ho≠pw ]Tnt°≠nh∂ cmtP-jv Ct∏mƒ km[m-c-W-Po-hn-XØn-te°p Xncn-sb-h-∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. cmtPjv FSpØ sXø-Øns‚ GXm\pw t^mt´m-{Km-^pI-fmWv Ch

G{]n¬ 2014


G{]n¬ 2014

P\]Yw 29


BtcmKyw

tUm. Fkv. kPnXvIpam¿ G{]n¬ Ggv temIm-tcm-Ky-Zn-\w

sNdnb Zwi-\w, sIm√p∂ tcmK-߃ 1948-˛¬ temIm-tcmKy kwL-S\ (U-_vfyq-F-®v-H) ÿm]n-Xam-b-Xns‚ A\p-kva-c-Wm¿Yw F√m h¿jhpw G{]n¬ Ggn\v temIm-tcm-Ky-Zn-\-ambn BN-cn-°p-∂p. Cu h¿jw {i≤-bq-∂p-∂Xv sImXpIv, Fen, sN≈p-I-ƒ t]mep≈ tcmKm-Wp-hmlI Pohn-Iƒ ]c-Øp∂ amc-I-tcm-K-ß-fn-em-Wv. sNdnb ISn, henb `ojWn (kvamƒ ss_‰v, _nKv s{X‰v) F∂-Xm-Wv 2014-˛se {]tabw.

sU

30 P\]Yw

¶p-∏-\n, Fen-∏-\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\nb...-C-sXms° tIc-f-Øn¬ sIm®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ°p t]mepw ]cn-NnX- a mb t]cp- I - f m- b n- ° - g n- ™ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. F√mh¿jhpw \ΩpsS Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ `oXnbpw Bi-¶bpw DW¿Øn Ah-X-cn-°p∂ tcmK-߃. Hmtcm h¿jhpw ]pXnb ]pXnb t]cp-I-fp≈ tcmK- ß ƒ AXn- { I- a n- s ®- Ø p- I bpw sNøp- ∂ p. ssew Unkokv, kv{I_v ssS^kv F∂n-ß-s\bp≈ tcmK-߃ DZm-l-c-Ww. XpS-®p-\o-°-s∏s´∂p Icp-Xn-bn-cp∂ ae-º\n _m[bpw dnt∏m¿´v sNøs∏-Sp-∂p. C¥y-bn¬ am{X-a√ B{^n-°bpƒs∏-sS-bp≈ DjvW-ta-Jem `q{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse√mw acWw hnX-bv°p∂ CØcw tcmK-ß-fp≠m-°p-∂Xv tcmK-Im-cn-I-fmb sshd-kp-I-sfbpw _mIvSo-cn-b-I-sfbpw ]c-Øp∂ AWp-hm-l-I-Pohn-I-fmWv. sImXp-Iv, aW-eo®, sN≈v, H®v, aq´ t]mep-ff sNdp-{]m-Wn-Iƒ, Fen XpS-ßn-b-hsbms° Cu KW- Ø n¬ s]Sp∂p. Ch ]cØp∂ tcmK-ß-fn¬ a‰p Nne-h-sb-°qSn ]cn-Nb-s∏Smw. 1. Pm∏\okv F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv 2. sbt√m ^oh¿ 3. ss^te-dn-b¬ G{]n¬ 2014


4. 5. 6. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

shÃv ss\¬ ^oh¿ em€ ^oh¿ tdmkv dnh¿ ^oh¿ kvtI_okv NKkv tcmKw {Um°p≥Ip-tem-knkv sfbn-jvam-\n-bm-knkv Hmdn-b‚¬ tkm¿ tSmIvkv]vfm-kvtam-knkv ]´nI C\nbpw \ofpw. Xo¿®-bmbpw aqfn-∏-d-°p∂ c‡-Zm-ln-I-fmb sImXp-IpI-fmWv CXn-te-sdbpw ]c-Øp∂ {][m\ a\p- j y- i - { Xp. ate- d nbbpw sU¶phpw enw^m-‰nIv ss^tedn-bmknkpw Nn°p≥ Kp-\n-bbpw Pm∏\okv F≥sk-^-sse‰nkpw am{X-a√ AXn-am-c-I-amb a™-∏-

G{]n¬ 2014

\nbpw ]S¿Øp-∂-Xv Ahƒ Xs∂-bmWv. (\ΩpsS `mKy- Ø n\v a™∏\n C¥ybn¬ dnt∏m¿´v sN-ø-s∏-´n-√. B{^n-°-

bnepw a‰pw t]Sn-kz-]v\-am-Wn-Xv). atednb _m[n®v 2010-˛¬ ac-W-a-S-™Xv GItZiw 6,60000 t]cm-sW-∂mWv IW°v.

AWp-hm-lI - P - o-hn-Ifpw tcmK-ßfpw Ip{]-kn≤n t\Snb CuUnkv sImXp-Iv- -sU-¶p-∏-\n, sbt√m ^oh¿, Nn°p≥ Kp\n-b, Ghn-b≥ ate-dnb F∂nh ]c-Øp-tºmƒ At\m-^n-ekv sImXp-ImWv ate-dn-b, Fen-^‚n-bm-knkv F∂n-h-bv°v ]n∂n¬. h∆memWv km¿kn\p Imc-W-am--Ip∂ sIm-tdmW sshd-kns‚ {]Nm-c-I¿. sl≥{U sshdkv, sse€m-ssh-d-kv, dm_okv sshdkv F∂n-ßs\ ]e-Xcw sshd-kp-IfpsS hml-I-cmWv h∆m-ep-Iƒ. hf¿Øp-]q-®-IfmWv -tSmIvtkm-]vfm-kvtam-knkv D-≠m-°p∂ tSmIvtkm-]vfmkva tKm≠n F∂ ]cm-Z-Øns‚ BXn-tY-b¿. ]e-Xcw sN≈pIƒ D≠m-°p∂ ]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ Gsd-bm-Wv.- _yqt_m-WnIv ]vtf-Kv, ayqdn≥ ssS^-kv XpSßn-b-hbv°v Imc-W-°m¿. a\p-jy-s®-≈v, Hmdn-b‚¬ dm‰v ^vfo, ]yqseIvkv Cdn-‰m≥kv XpS-ßn-bh DZm-l-c-Ww. ^vsft_m-tSm-ssa≥ km≥Uv ^vssf F∂ aW-eo-®-bmWv -sf-bvjvam-\n-bm-kn-kv, _m¿t´m-s\-bvtem-kn-kv, ]∏-‰mkn ^oh¿ F∂nh ]S¿Øp-∂-Xv. ssew Unko-kv, _m_otjym- k nkv F∂nbv ° v ]n∂n¬ P\kv CIv t km- U kv XpSßnb sNdp-{]m-Wn-IfmWv. P\kv dn°‰vjy _mIvSocnbbpsS hml-I-cmWv t]≥. tdmUv\n-bkv t{]men-Ivkkv F∂ aq´-h¿K-amWv NKkv tcmK-Øns‚ Imc-W-°m¿. sk‰vsk Cu®- I - f mWv B{^n°≥ kvfo∏nMv kn°v\kns‚ tcmK-Im-cn-Iƒ.

P\]Yw 31


AWp-hm-lI - P - o-hn-P\ - y-tcm-Kß - ƒ ˛ temI-Øn¬ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

ate-dnb ss^te-dn-bm-knkv sU¶n/UnF-®v-F^v Hmt¶m-sk¿kn-bm-knkv NmKkv Unkokv enkvam-\n-bm-knkv …o∏nMv kn\kv sbt√m ^oh¿ ssew Unkokv shÃv \o¬ sshdkv Pm∏-\okv F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv SnIv-˛-t_m¨ F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv F¿en-®n-tbm-knkv tπKv dn^v‰v hmen sh≥kp-e≥ FIyq≥ F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv ssS^kv˛tem-kv-˛-t_m¨

F∂m¬ temIØv AXn-thKw hym]\w t\Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ AWp-hm-l-I-PohnP\y tcmKw sU¶p-∏-\n-bm-Wv. Ign™ Ac\q- ‰ m- ≠ n- \ nsS ap∏Xv aSßmWv tcmKØns‚ s]cp-I¬.

˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛

300,000,000 120,000,000 20,000,000 18,000,000 16˛18,000,000 12,000,000 300˛400,000 200,000 100,000s 100,000s 50,000 10,000 10,000s 3,000 1,000s 1,000s 100s

ip≤-Pe Zu¿e-`yhpw ipNo-I-cW kwhn- [ m- \ - ß - f psS A`m- h hpw \ne\n¬°p∂ DjvW-ta-Jem `q{]-tZ-i-ßfmWv CØcw tcmK-ß-fpsS hnf-\n-ew. BtKm- f - o Ic- W - Ø ns‚ Cu ImeØv

cmPy-߃°n-S-bnse a\p-jy-{]-hm-lhpw Nc-°p-\o-°hpw h¿[n-®-Xv, h¿[n-°p∂ \K-c-h-XvI-c-Whpw {]IrXn aen-\o-I-cWhpw BtKm-f-Xm-]-\hpw krjvSn-°p∂ ]cn-ÿn-Xn-\miw XpS-ßnbh Cu AWp°-fpsS ]S-c-en\p Imc-W-ßfmbn \nco£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. BtKm-f-X-e-ØnemsI _m[-I-amb CØcw am‰-߃°p ]pdsa {]mtZ-in-I-amb ]e-Xcw Imc-W-ß-fm-ep≠m-Ip∂ ]cn-ÿn-Xn-am-‰-ßfpw Ch-bpsS ]S¿®bv°p Imc-W-am-hp-∂p. C¥y-bpsS a‰p `mK-ß-fn¬ I≠p-h-∂n-cp∂ tcmK߃ Ct∏mƒ tIc-f-Ønepw dnt∏m¿´v sNøs∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-]n-∂n¬ A\y-kw-ÿm\-ß-fn¬\n∂p Chn-tS-°p≈ IpSn-tb‰w h¿[n-°p-∂XpamIm-sa-∂Xv DZm-l-c-Ww. C¥y-bnepw Btcm-Ky-h-Ip∏v A[nIr- X - c p- s Sbpw hnhn[ Xe- Ø n- e p≈ Btcm-Ky-{]-h¿Ø-I-cp-sSbpw sshZy-imkv{X-k-aq-l-Øn-s‚bpw BIp-e-X-I-fn¬ {][m-\-amWv Ct∏mƒ AWp-hm-l-I-Po-hnP\y tcmK-߃. tIc-fØns‚ Imcy-hpw Aß-s\-Ø-s∂. s]mXp-P-\ßfpw Xt±i-kz-bw-`-c-W-ÿm-]-\-ßfpw k∂-≤-kwL-S-\-Ifpw k¿°mcpw HsØm-cp-an-®p≈ Pm{K-Ømb {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-eqsS am{Xsa sNdnb ISn-bn-eqsS Db-cp∂ Cu henb `oj-Wn-Isf Xpc-Øm-\m-hq. (Be∏pg Kh. saUn°¬ tImtfPn¬ IayqWn‰n saUnkn≥ hn`mKw s{]m^kdmWv teJ-I≥)

]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ tIc-fØ - n¬ 2011 tcmK-߃

tcmK-_m-[n-X¿

acn-®-h¿

1. sU¶p-∏\n

1304

10

2. ate-dnb

1993

2

3. Nn°p≥Kp-\nb (kwi-bn-°-s∏-Sp∂h)

81

˛

4. Np°p≥Kp-\nb (ÿn-co-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xv)

183

˛

5. FC-Fkv

37

2

6. Pm∏-\okv F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv

102

8

7. Fen- ∏ \n

944

70

8. sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv F

4583

10

9. sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv _n

852

15

10. tImfd (kw-i-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h)

125

5

11. tImfd

18

1

12. ssSt^mbvUv 13. FUnUn (U-tb-dn-b) 14. F®v˛1 F≥˛1 ]\n 15. ]\n

H]n sF]n

32 P\]Yw

2291

2

261178

4

210

10

1843147

˛

84537

˛

G{]n¬ 2014


]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ tIc-fØ - n¬ 2013 P\p-hcn apX¬ Unkw-_¿ hsc tcmK-߃ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

tcmK-_m-[n-X¿

sU¶p-∏\n ate-dnb Nn°p≥Kp-\nb (kwi-bn-°-s∏-Sp∂h) Nn°p≥Kp-\nb (ÿn-co-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xv) FC-Fkv (Sus.JE) Pm∏-\okv F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv Fen- ∏ \n sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv F sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv _n tImfd (kw-i-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h) tImfd ssSt^mbvUv FUnUn (U-tb-dn-b) kv{I_v ssS^kv lm≥Uv ^qSv B≥Uv auØv Unkokv ssew Unkokv Inkm-\q¿ t^mdÃv Unkokv ]\n H]n sF]n

7911 1337 219 249 51 2 796 5329 1111 67 20 2975 409512 66 243 8 1 2910018 119120

acn-®-h¿ 25 2 0 0 6 0 26 8 20 3 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 21

]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ tIc-fØ - n¬ 2012 tcmK-_m-[n-X¿

acn-®-h¿

1. sU¶p-∏\n

tcmK-߃

4056

16

2. ate-dnb

2036

3

3. Nn°p≥Kp-\nb (kwi-bn-°-s∏-Sp∂h)

81

˛

4. Np°p≥Kp-\nb (ÿn-co-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xv)

62

˛

5. AIyq´v F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv kn≥{Uw

41

10

6. Pm∏-\okv F≥sk-^-sse-‰nkv

3

1

7. Fen- ∏ \n

736

16

8. sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv F

6305

8

9. sl∏-ss‰-‰nkv _n

1578

22

113

3

10. tImfd (kw-i-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h) 11. tImfd

30

2

2849

1

357252

8

14. kv{I_v ssS^kv

39

4

15. tlm≥Uv ^qSv B≥Uv auØv Unkokv

115

˛

12. ssSt^mbvUv 13. FUnUn (U-tb-dn-b)

16. ]\n

G{]n¬ 2014

H]n

2301100

sF]n

105529

11

P\]Yw 33


A\p-kva-cWw

hn\p F.

\n¿`b ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ km∂n-[y-am-bn-cp∂p tI-k-cn F. _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ 125˛mw P-∑hm¿-jn-I-am-Wv 2014 F-{]n¬ 10--

]{X{]h¿Ø\Øns‚ \n¿`b amXrI - © p- a - W n- ° q¿ \o- ≠ p- \ n- ∂ B kw- ` m- j - W - Ø n¬ Bbn-c-am-bn-cw kw-h-’-c-ß-fn-eq-sS h-f¿-∂p-h-∂ Cu {_-“m-fi-Øn-s‚ \m-\m-ap-J-ß-fpw R-߃-°-t±-lw sXm- ´ p- I m- W n- ® p- X - ∂ p. A- t ±- l - Ø n- s ‚ ssI- I ƒ AXn¬ kv-]¿-in-®-t∏mƒ P-U-{]m-b-am-b Hm-tcm ap-JØn-s‚-bpw B-Ir-Xn-X-s∂ B-I-∏m-sS am-dn F-∂p-am{X-a-√, A-h-bn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-b ssN-X\y-{]-hm-l-߃ D-d-s]m-´p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. R-ß-fp-sS lr-Z-b-Øn-se ]p-cm-W-{]-Xn-jvTn-X-ß-fm-b ]-e hn-{Kl- ß - f pw D- S - ™ p X- I ¿- ∂ p. sF- X n- l y- a m- e - b n¬ t]mepw ÿm-\w e-`n-°m-Ø ]-e I-cp-am-Sn-°p-´-∑mcpw ]q- P m¿- l - ß - f m- I - Ø - ° - h n- [ w s]- s ´- ∂ p- b n¿- s Ø- g pt∂¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. R-ß-fp-sS lr-Z-b-Øn¬

A 34 P\]Yw

PmXo-b-X-bpw a-X-]-c-hp-am-b kzm¿-Y-Xm¬-]-cy-ß-fn-en´ h-c-ºp-I-sf X-s‚ Im-e-K-W-\m-k-{º-Zm-b-Øn-se Nne A-°-ß-sf sIm-≠-t±-lw Np-c-≠n-°-f-™p. A-ßs\ ]-c-ip-cm-a-s‚-bpw {io-i-¶-c-s‚-bpw s]-cp-¥-®-s‚-bpw hm-bn-√m-°p-∂n-e-∏-s‚-bpw F-√mw tXm-fn¬ ssI-bn´p-\n-∂p-sIm-≠v, Rm≥ C-S-t»-cn-sb-Ip-dn-s®-∂-t]m-se, A-t±-lw kw-km-cn-°p-tºmƒ R-߃ A-¤p-X-kv-X_v-[-cm-hm-sX \n¿-hm-l-an-√-t√m, F-ß-s\-bn-Xp km[n°p-∂p? ]-t£, A-t±-l-Øn-\-Xv ]-Øpw A-©pw Iq´nbm¬ ]-Xn-\-©m-sW-∂-Xp-t]m-se e-Lp-X-c-am-Wv. ImcWw A-tZ-lw ]-d-™p: ""N-cn-{Xw H-cp k-b≥kmWv''. hn.Sn. `-´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv H-c-\p-kv-a-c-W-Øn¬ F-gp-XnG{]n¬ 2014


bn-´X - n-ßs - \-bm-Wv. N-cn-{X-Øn¬ im-kv{- Xob-X-bp-sS hn-c-e-S-bm-f-߃ Xo¿-Ø B hy-‡n-°v t]-cv tI-k-cn F. _m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈. a-e-bm-f-]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\-cw-K-Øv B-i-b-Øn-ep-d-®v {]-h¿-Øn-°p-I-bpw amXr-I-bm-bn Xo-cp-I-bpw sN-bv-X Np-cp-°w Nn-e-cn¬ H-cm-fm-Wv A-t±-lw. ]-{X-{]-h¿Ø-\-Øn-se kn-≤m-¥-Øn-s‚-bpw B-Z¿i-Øn-s‚-bpw t]-cn¬ N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚ IW-s°-gp-Øn¬ C-Sw t\-Sn-b Ip-e-]-Xn-Ifm-Wv kz-tZ-im-`n-am-\n cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈bpw _m-cn-ÿ Pn.]n. ]n-≈-bpw tI-k-cnbpw. aq-h-cpw tZ-im-`n-am-\-t_m-[-sØ apdp-sI ]n-Sn-°p-I-bpw cm-Py-Øn-s‚ ]p-tcmK-Xn-°m-bn A-£o-Ww {]-b-Xv-\n-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X-h-cm-Wv. kz-tZ-im-`n-am-\n-bpw tIk-cn-bpw k-a-Im-en-I-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v ]d-bmw. Zn-hm≥ k¿ ]n. cm-P-tKm-]m-em-Nmcn-bp-sS tkz-—m-[n-]-Xy-`-c-W-Øn-\pw Zp¿\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°p-sa-Xn-sc i-–-ap-b¿-Øn-b-Xns‚ t]-cn-em-Wv ]-{X-am-c-W-\n-b-a-sØ Iq´p-tN¿Øv kz-tZ-im-`n-am-\n-sb \m-Sp-I-SØp-∂-Xv. tI-k-cn-sb ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\Øn¬ \n∂pw hn-S-]-d-bn-°m-\m-bn ]p-Xnb \n-b-aw X-s∂ sIm-≠p-h∂p. A-{X-b[n-Iw `-c-W-Iq-S-sØ A-h¿ `-b-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-cp-∂p. tIm-tf-Pv A-[ym-]-I-s‚ tPm-en-bp-t]£n-®v A-`n-`m-j-I-hr-Øn-bn-te-°pw A-hnsS \n-∂pw ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-te-°pw FØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p, tI-k-cn. Ip-f-Ip-∂-Øv cm-a≥ ta-t\m≥ \-S-Øn-t]m-∂ k-a-Z¿-inbpsS B-Zy-]-{Xm-[n-]¿ A-`n-{]m-b-`n-∂-Xsb Xp-S¿-∂v cm-Pn-sh-® H-gn-hn-em-Wv At±-lw ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-s‚ sXm-gn¬ cw-K-sØ-Øp-∂-Xv. ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\-Øn¬ ]cn-N-b-sam-∂pw C-√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-epw A-t∏m-tg-°pw F-gp-Øn-s‚ hy-Xy-kv-XXbpw I-cp-Øpw sIm-≠v {i≤n-°-s∏-´ ÿm-\-sØ-Øn-bn-cp-∂p, A-t±-lw. hm-b\-°m¿-°n-S-bn¬ s]-s´-∂p-X-s∂ k-a-Z¿in Iq-Sp-X¬ {]Nm-cw I-s≠-Øn. X-s‚ D-≈n¬ \n-d-™p-\n-∂ Bi-b-ß-sf ^e-{]-Z-am-bn hn\n-a-bw sN-øm≥ km-[n-°p∂ C-Sw F∂ \n-e-bn¬ Bÿm-\-sØ kv-t\-ln-® A-t±-l-Øn-\v B-h-iy-am-b ]n¥p-W e-`n-®n-cp-∂n-√msb-∂v ]d-bmw. ]{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw A-°m-e-sØ ]-{X-ßfpw Im-Wn-°m-Ø X-e-Øn-te-°p≈ AXn-s‚ k-©m-c-sØ th-h-em-Xn-tbm-sS am{X-ta D-S-a-ÿ-\v t\m-°n-Im-Wm≥ I-gn™p-≈q. tZ- i o- b - X - e - Ø n¬ a- l m- fl m- K m- ‘ nbpsS t\- X r- X z- Ø n¬ D- b ¿- ∂ p- h - ∂ ]pXnb k- a - c - N n- ¥ - I ƒ tI- c - f - Ø n- e pw {]I-S-am-b am-‰-߃ D-≠m-°n-Xp-S-ßn-b Ime-am-bn-cp-∂p, A-Xv. kzm-X-{¥-yk-a-cØns‚ L-S-\-bn¬ X-s∂ am-‰w \-S-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. k-a-c-Øn-s‚ th-Zn-bn-te-°v I¿-j-I-cpw sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fpw a-‰v km-[m-cW-P-\-ß-fpw I-S-∂p-h-cn-I-bpw Iq-Sp-X¬ G{]n¬ 2014

hn-im-e-am-b A¿-Y-Øn-ep-≈ N¿-®-Iƒ Db¿-∂p-h-cn-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. kzm-X-{¥yØn-\-∏p-dw I-S-∂p-sN-√p-∂ N¿-®-I-fp-sS B th-Zn-I-fn¬ tI-k-cn D-b¿-Øn-hn-´ Nn¥-Iƒ-°v ÿm-\w G-sd-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C¥y≥ \m-j-W¬ tIm¨-{K-kn-te-°v {Km-ao-WX - e - Ø - n¬ \n-∂pw Iq-Sp-X¬ {]h¿Ø-I¿ I-S-∂p-h-cn-I-bpw {_n-´o-jp-Im¿s°Xn-cm-b k-a-cw I¿-°-i-am-°p-I-bpw sN- b v - X p. a- e - _ m¿ ta- J - e - b n- e m- W v CØcw {i-a-߃ Iq-Sp-X¬ \-S-∂-sX¶nepw Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-epw sIm-®n-bn-epw i-–-ap-b¿-∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. C-Ø-cw i–߃-°v A-Xn-s‚ ho-cy-hpw tN-X-\-bpw tNm¿- ∂ p- t ]m- I m- s X F- g p- Ø n- s ‚ cq- ] Øn¬ tI-k-cn A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-t∏mƒ k-ac-cw-Kw Iq-Sp-X¬ Xo-£v-W-X-bn-te-°v amdpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. P-\m-[n-]-Xy-{I-a-Øn-ep-≈ `-c-W-hy-hÿn-Xn-sb i-‡-am-bn ]n-¥p-W-°p-I-bpw A-Xn-s‚ B-h-iy-I-X-sb hy-‡-am-°p-Ibp-am-bn-cp-∂p, A-t±-lw. Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iqdnse `-c-W-Iq-S-hpw A-Xn-s‚ tk-h-I-hrµ-hpw Iq-´p-tN¿-∂v \-S-Øn-b sI-Sp-Im-cyÿ-X-bpw A-gn-a-Xn-bpw \n-d-™ `-c-WsØ \n-in-X-am-bn hn-a¿-in-® A-t±-lw 1923 ¬ Zn-hm≥ cm-L-h-ø \-S-Øn-b hn-Zym¿-Ynth-´-sb i-‡-am-b `m-j-bn¬ F-Xn¿-Øp. ^o- k v h¿- [ - \ - s °- X n- s c {]- X n- t j- [ n- ® hnZym¿-Yn-I-sf Ip-Xn-c-]-´m-f-sØ D-]-tbmKn- ® m- b n- c p- ∂ p X- √ n- ® - X - ® - X v . ssh- ° w kXym-{K-l-Øn¬ {]-[m-\-s∏-´ {]-h¿-Ø\-am-Wv A-t±-l-hpw k-a-Z¿-in-bpw sN-bvX-Xv. t£-{X-a-Xn-en-\v ]p-d-Øp-≈ s]-cph-gn-bn-eq-sS A-h¿-W¿-°v k-©-cn-°m\p≈ kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-\m-bn \-S-Øn-b kac-Øn-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ \-S-∂ N¿-®-

Ip-fI - p-∂Ø - v cm-a≥ ta-t\m≥ \-SØ - n-t]m-∂ k-aZ- ¿-in-bpsS B-Zy-]{Xm-[n-]¿ A-`n-{]m-b` - n∂-Xs - b Xp-S¿-∂v cm-Pnsh-® H-gn-hn-em-Wv At±lw ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø\ - Øn-s‚ sXm-gn¬ cw-KsØ-Øp-∂X - .v ]-{X-{]h¿-Ø\ - Ø - n¬ ]cn-Nb - sam-∂pw C-√m-bn-cp-∂psh-¶n-epw A-t∏mtg°pw F-gp-Øn-s‚ hy-Xy-kX -v X - bpw I-cpØpw sIm-≠v {i≤n-°s∏-´ ÿm-\s - Ø-Øn-bncp-∂p,

Iƒ-°v tI-k-cn-bp-sS hm-Z-ap-J-߃ h-enb C-‘-\-am-Wv \¬-In-b-Xv. hn-`m-K-ß-fm-bn \n-∂ k-a-c-ap-J-Øv k-a-c-°m¿-s°-Xn-sc h-f-sc I¿-°-i-am-b \n-e-]m-Sp-I-fm-Wv adp]-£w D-b¿-Øn-b-Xv. Kp-≠-I-sf D-]-tbmKn-®p-≈ h-en-b a¿-Z\-ap-d-I-fn-te-°v \oßnb B km-l-N-cy-ß-sf i-‡-am-b `m-jbn-em-Wv tI-k-cn hn-a¿-in-®-Xv. F-∂m¬ C-Ø-cw \o-°-߃ ]-{X-ap-S-a-ÿ-s\ ]cn-{`m-¥-\m-°p-I-bm-Wv sN-bv-X-Xv. kz-`mhn-I-am-b hn-S-]-d-bn-te-°v A-t∏m-tg-°pw ÿn-Xn am-dn-bn-cp-∂p.

]{X-am-cW \nbaw A-\p-`-h-ß-fp-sS Xo-£v-W-X-bn¬ \n∂pw A-hn-sS \n-∂pw ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b At±-lw c-≠v Xo-cp-am-\-߃ ssI-s°m-≠ncp-∂p. a-s‰m-cp D-S-a-bp-sS Io-gn-ep-≈ ]{X-Øn¬ H-cp Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bn ]-{Xm-[n]-cp-sS-tbm a-‰v ÿm-\-ß-tfm kzo-I-cn-°pI-bn-√. ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-\-a-√m-sX a-s‰m-cp {]-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-epw G¿-s∏-Sp-I-bp-an-√. kz¥-am-bn ]-{X-sa-∂ e-£y-tØm-sS-bp-≈ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-°v kmº-Øn-I-{]-bm-k-߃ hn-e-ßp-X-Sn-bm-bn. cm-{„o-b-cw-K-Øpw am-‰-߃ D-≠m-bn. tIk-cn-bp-sS hn-a¿-i-\-߃-°v G-sd ]m-{Xo`-hn-® {io-aq-ew Xn-cp-\mƒ cm-a-h¿-a \ncym-X-\m-bn A-Sp-Ø Io-cn-Sm-h-Im-in-bm-b Nn-Øn-c-Xn-cp-\mƒ _m-e-cm-a-h¿-a-bv-°v {]mb-]q¿-Øn-bm-hm-Ø-Xn-\m¬ do-P‚ v `-c-Ww \n-e-hn¬ h-∂p. Zn-hm-\m-bn Fw.C. hm-´vkv F-∂ Cw-•o-jp-Im-c-\p-sa-Øn. hm-´v-kns‚ \-S-]-Sn-I-tfm-Sv Xo¿-Øpw tbm-Pn-°m\m-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶n-epw tI-k-cn-°v AXn-s\-Xn-sc {]-Xn-I-cn-°m≥ ]-{X-ap-≠m-bncp-∂n-√. ]-{Xw Xp-S-ßm-\p-≈ {i-a-I-c-amb {]-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv 1928 ¬ hm´v-kn-s‚ \o-°-Øn-eq-sS {]-kv sd-Kp-tej≥ B-Œv \-S-∏n-em-b-Xv. C-Xp {]-Im-cw ]-{Xw Xp-S-ß-W-sa-¶n¬ 500 cq-] \n-c-X{Z-hyw sI-´n-sh-°-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. am-{X-a-√, F-Xv k-a-b-Øpw ap≥-Iq-´n-bp-≈ A-dn-bn∏n-√m-sX ]-{Xw I-≠p-sI-´m-\pw k¿-°mcn-\v A-[n-Im-c-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tI-k-cn Cu \n-b-a-sØ ]-{X-am-c-W-\n-b-a-sa-∂v t]-cn´p. ]-{X-am-c-W-\n-b-a-Øn-s\-Xn-sc P-\-Iob-Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v {]-Xn-tj[n-® A-t±-lw s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-\-cw-K-Øv am-Xr-Im-]-c-am-b hn-[-Øn¬ A-dn-b-s∏-´p. \n-b-aw ]n≥-h-en-®n-√m-sb-¶n-epw ]-{X-߃s°-Xn-sc A-Xv D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-√. C-Xn-\nsS P-\-Io-b-]-¶m-fn-Ø-Øn-eq-sS ]-{X-sa∂ e-£y-sØ tI-k-cn kz-¥-am-°n. tZio-b cm-{„o-b-Øn¬ h-en-b am-‰-߃ \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ Im-e-L-´-Øn-em-Wv {]-t_m-[-I≥ F-∂ ]-{X-hp-am-bn A-t±lw ho-≠pw cw-K-sØ-Øp-∂-Xv. 1930 Pq¨ 14 \m-bn-cp-∂p ]-{X-Øn-s‚ B-Zy-]-Xn-∏v C-d-ßn-b-Xv. kz-¥-am-bn B-cw-`n-® im-cZm-{]-€n¬ \n-∂p-am-bn-cp-∂p ]-{Xw A-®-

P\]Yw 35


Sn-®-Xv. h¿-Ø-am-\-Im-e-km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ h-en-b D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-fp-s≠-∂ ap-J-hpc-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-t±-lw ]-{Xw A-h-X-cn∏n-®-Xv. cm-Py-Im-c-߃-°v ]p-d-sa km-lnXym-Zn hn-j-b-ß-fpw ssI-Im-cyw sN-øp∂-Xn-\p ]p-d-sa, {]-t_m-[-I≥ cm-Py-Imcy-hn-im-c-Z-∑m-cp-sS {]-hr-Øn-I-sf ap≥-\n¿Øn ap-Jw t\m-°m-sX-bp-≈ hn-a¿-i-\-tam {]-iw-k-tbm sNm-cn-bpw. \m-K¿-tIm-hn-en\-Sp-Øp-≈ ip-No{µ-Øv t£-{X-h-f-∏n-\v ]p-d-Øp-≈ s]m-Xp-h-gn-bn-eq-sS A-h¿-W¿°pw {In-kv-Xym-\n-Iƒ-°pw k-©m-c-kzmX-{¥y-an-s√-∂ \-b-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bm-bn-cp∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]p-Xn-b k-a-c-ap-Jw.

tIkcn XpS-ßp∂p F-∂m¬ Cu k-a-c-Øn-\v ]n-∂o-Sv am‰-߃ D-≠m-bn. 1931 ¬ Km-‘n-˛-C¿-hn≥ D-S-º-Sn-°p-ti-jw `m-hn-cm-Py-Im-cy-ß-sf Ip-dn-®p-≈ N¿-®-Iƒ-°m-bn \m-´p-cm-Pm°∑m¿ A-S-°-ap-≈ hn-hn-[ B-fp-I-sf Cw-•-≠n-te-°v £-Wn-®p-sh-¶n-epw Xn-cphn-Xmw-Iq¿ Zn-hm-\m-b hn.F-kv. kp-{_-aWy-ø¿ I-S¬ I-S-∂v C-Xn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ Xbm-dm-bn-√. I-S¬ I-S-∂m¬ {`-„v B-Ipsa-∂ B-Nm-c-Øn-s‚ t]-cn-em-bn-cp-∂p At±-lw A-ß-s\ sN-bv-X-Xv. C-Xn-s\ \nin-X-am-bn hn-a¿-in-® tI-k-cn A-[n-Im-cÿm-\-ß-fn¬ t]-Sn-bm-bn-am-dp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. 1930 sk-]v-Xw-_¿ e-°w A-®-Sn ]q¿Øn-bm-°n hn-X-c-W-Øn-\m-bn A-b-®-t∏msg-°pw {]-kv ]q-´m-\p-≈ D-Ø-c-sh-Ønbn-cp-∂p. G-sd ssh-Im-sX X-s∂ A-t±lw tI-k-cn-sb-∂ hm-cn-I-bp-am-bn cw-KØp-h-∂p. A-Xv hm-b-\-°m-cn¬ h-en-b {]-Xo-£-bpw H-∏w A-¤p-X-hp-am-Wv kΩm-\n-®-Xv. sIm-√-s´ s]-cn-\m-Sv kz-tZ-inbm-b B¿. \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈ k-ºm-Zn-®v, {]-kn-≤o-Ic - W - a - n-√m-Xn-cp-∂ ]-{X-am-Wv _me-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ hm-ßn {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv. Iq-Sp-X¬ I¿-°-i-hpw Zo¿-L-Z¿-i-\-ap-≈Xp-am-bn-cp-∂p tI-k-cn-bn-se te-J-\-߃. Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ `-c-W-Øn-se t]m-cmbv-a-I-sf Xp-d-s∂-gp-Xn-b A-t±-lw P-\-ßtfm-Sv X-ß-fp-sS D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Øzw kz-bw G-s‰-Sp-°-W-sa-∂v B-lzm-\w sN-bv-XpsIm-≠n-cp-∂p. Xn-cp-hn-Xm-Iq-dn-se km-ºØn-I-\n-e-bpw h¿-[n-®p-h-cp-∂ sXm-gn-en√m-bva - b - pw Zm-cn-{Zy-hpw Nq-≠n-Im-Wn-®p-sIm≠v A-t±-lw F-gp-Xn-b ap-J-{]-kw-Kw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂-Xv C-ß-s\-bm-Wv: "" ..... (Cu) tim-Nym-h-ÿ-bn¬ \n-∂v Xn-cp-hnXmw-Iq¿-Im¿-°v I-c I-b-dm-\p-≈ hn-Nm-cap-s≠-¶n¬ A-h¿ D-S-\-Sn X-s∂ D-W¿∂v Cu kp-h¿-Wm-h-k-cw ]m-gm-°n I-fbm-sX C-hn-sS D-Ø-c-hm-Z-`-c-Ww ÿm-]n°p-hm≥ H-sØm-cp-an-®v {i-an-°p-I X-s∂ sN-øpw. C-Xn-\v A-\p-Iq-e-am-b A-¥-co£w C-∂-sØ t]m-se A-I-Øpw ]p-dØpw A-Sp-Ø Im-es - Ø-ßpw D-≠m-bn-´n√. Cu ap-lq¿-Ø-Øn-ep-≈ A-e-k-X B-

36 P\]Yw

fl-l-Xy-bv-°v Xp-ey-am-sW-∂v A-h¿ Adn-™m¬ sIm-≈mw''. A-Jn-te-¥ym-X-e-Øn¬ D-b¿-∂p-h-cp∂ ap-t∂-‰-sØ A-t±-lw a-e-bm-fn-°v ]cn-Nn-Xa - m-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. a-lm-flm-Km-‘nbp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ i-‡-s∏-´ kzm-X{¥y-k-a-c-\o-°-ß-sf A-Xn-s‚ Xo-{h-Xtbm-sS A-h-X-cn-∏n-® A-t±-lw C-hn-sS cq-]-s∏-Sp-∂ F-Xn¿-Nn-¥-I-sf F-gp-Øn-eqsS t\-cn-Sp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. 1931 ¬ Km‘n-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-se ]-e {]-tZ-i-ß-fn-epw {]-Xn-tj-[-tbm-K-߃ Iq-Sm≥ tIm¨-{Kkv Xo-cp-am-\n-®p. F-∂m¬ K-h¨-sa‚ v \n-tcm-[-\m-⁄ ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®v C-Xv X-S-

A-Jn-te-¥ym-Xe - Ø - n¬ D-b¿-∂p-hc - p-∂ ap-t∂‰-sØ A-t±-lw aebm-fn-°v ]-cn-Nn-Xa- m°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. alm-flm-Km-‘n-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ i-‡s∏-´ kzm-X{- ¥y-ka- c - \ - o°-ßs - f A-Xn-s‚ Xo{h-Xt- bm-sS A-hX - cn-∏n-® A-t±-lw ChnsS cq-]s - ∏-Sp-∂ F-Xn¿-Nn-¥I - s - f Fgp-Øn-eq-sS t\-cn-SpI-bpw sN-bX v- p.

™p. C-Xn-s\-Xn-sc A-t±-lw F-gp-Xn-b ap-J-{]-kw-K-Øn¬ C-ß-s\ Ip-dn-°-s∏´p: ""\n-tcm-[\m-⁄-bv-°v ti-j-ap-≠m-b kw`h-߃ Cu \m-´n-se s]m-Xp-P-\-\m-b-I∑mcn-epw K-h¨-sa‚n-epw H-∂p-t]m-se Hmtcm au-en-I-am-b Zq-jyw D-s≠-∂v Im-Wn°p-∂p. B-Zy-sØ I-£n-bp-sS A-Sn-a-Øhpw kzm¿-Y-_p-≤n-bpw \n-d-™ a-\-ÿnXn-bpw K-h¨-sa‚n-s‚ Zp-c-[n-Im-c-{]-a-ØX-bpw D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Ø-t_m-[-an-√m-bv-a-bpw \n-d-™ A-]-cn-jv-Ir-X-a-t\m-`m-h-hp-am-Wv {]-kv-Xp-X Zq-jy-߃. {]m-Y-an-I ]u-cmh-Im-i-ß-fn¬ A-Xn-{]-[m-\-am-b {]-kwK-kzm-X-{¥yw {]-kv-Xp-X \n-tcm-[-\m-⁄ X-S-™n-cn-°p-∂p''. _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS ]-{X-{]-h¿Ø-\-sØ A-[n-Im-c-hr-µw `-b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw tI-k-cn-bp-sS {]-kn-≤o-I-c-Ww F-ß-s\bpw \n¿-Ø-W-sa-∂pw B-tem-N-\-Iƒ \S-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. F-∂m¬ {]-t_m-[I≥ \n-tcm-[n-® ti-jw H-´pw ssh-Im-sX a-s‰m-cp ]-{X-hp-am-bn cw-K-Øv Xn-cn-sI-sbØn-b-Xv A-[n-Im-c-tI-{µ-ß-sf i-cn-°pw sR-´n-®n-cp-∂p. am-{X-a-√, {]-Xn-tj-[-ß-fpw {]-t£m-`-ß-fpw i-‡-am-bn sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Im-e-Øv A-Ø-cw {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-°v t\-Xr-Xz-]-c-am-b ]-¶v h-ln-°p-∂ ]-{XØn-s\-Xn-sc \o-ßp-∂-Xv h-en-b {]-iv-\߃ kr-„n-°p-sa-∂ A-dn-hn¬ A-Øcw \o-°-߃-°v i-‡n Ip-d-®p. F-∂m¬ tI-k-cn-bp-sS sse-k≥-kv hn-e-bv-°p-hmßn-b-Xm-sW-∂-Xv Xn-cn-®-dn-™-tXm-sS ]pXn-b ]-{X-am-c-W-\n-b-aw {]m-_-ey-Øn-seØn. Cu \n-b-a-{]-Im-cw ]-{X-sse-k≥kv hn-e-bv-°p-hm-ßn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-h-cpw B-Zy-am-bn sse-k≥-kn-\v A-t]-£n-°p∂-h-sc t]m-se k¿-°m-cn¬ ^o-kv A-S°-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\m-bp-≈ ]-W-a-S-bv°m≥ tI-k-cn-bp-sS ssI-bn¬ Im-ip-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. kp-lr-Øp-°-fpw A-\p-`m-hnI-fpw k-lm-b-hp-am-bn ap-t∂m-´p-h-s∂-¶nepw C-\n-bpw C-Ø-cw \o-°-߃ D-≠mhp-sa-∂pw A-ß-s\ h-∂m¬ ]-{X-Øn-s‚ \n-e-\n¬-∏v Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-j-a-I-c-am-Ip-sa∂pw I-cp-Xn-b A-t±-lw ]-{Xw \n¿-ØpI-bm-Wv sN-bv-X-Xv. {]-kpw a-‰p-]-I-c-Wß-fpw hn-‰v I-Sw ho-´p-I-bpw Xn-cp-h-¥-]pc-Øp-\n-∂pw ]-d-hq-cn-te-°v Xm-a-kw am‰p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. 1960 ¬ a-c-Ww h-sc F-gp-Øn-s\ X-s∂ kv-t\-ln-°p-I-bpw IqsS \n-e-\n¿-Øp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. hn-hn-[ hn-j-b-ß-fn¬ A-Km-[-am-b ]m-fin-Xy-hpw A-h-bn¬ K-th-j-I-s\-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cgp-In-t®cepw A-t±-l-sØ Im-e-L-´-ßfp-sS \m-b-I-\m-°n-Xo¿-°p-∂p. A-`n-{]mb-kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-\m-bn \n-c-¥-c-am-b k-ac-߃ \-S-Øn-b A-t±-lw Xym-K-]q¿-Wam-b Po-hn-X-am-Wv ap-t∂m-´v sh-°p-∂-Xv. A-Xn-se hn-π-h-I-c-am-b B-i-b-ß-fm-Wv Cu Im-e-L-´-Øn-epw A-t±-l-sØ Po-hn∏n-°p-∂-Xv. G{]n¬ 2014


am¿®v 15˛\v A¥-cn® {]apJ taf-I-em-Im-c≥ Xrt∏-°pfw ANyp-X-am-cm-sc-°p-dn®v

hmZy-Ip-e] - X - n°v {]Wmaw -f-tØ-bpw ta-f-°m-tc-bpw am-\n°m≥ a-Sn-bp≠m-bn-cp∂ Im-e-Øv {]-Xn-^-e-Øn-s‚ {]-tem-`-\-ßfn-√m-sX Ip-e-sØm-gn-em-b hmZyI-ebn¬ XpS-cp-Ibpw A-km-[mc- W - a m- b I- e m Ip- i - e - X - s Im- ≠ pw kºq¿W k-a¿-∏-Ww sIm-≠pw ta-f-I-e°v B-Z-c-Wo-b ÿm-\w k-ºm-Zn-®p sImSp°pIbpw sNbvX ta-f-Ip-e-]-Xn Xr-t∏°p-fw A-Nyp-X-am-cm¿ Hm¿a-bm-bn. Cu h-cp-∂ sk-]v-Xw-_¿ 26 \v 90 h-b-€p-XnI-bpambncp-∂ A-t±-lw 1921 ¬ Xr-iq¿Pn-√-bn-se Du-c-Iw A-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Sn-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv Xr-t∏-°p-f-Øv amcmØv ]m∏-hm-c-kym-cp-tS-bpw ko-Xm-cm-a≥ F-{ºm¥n-cn-bp-tS-bpw ]p-{X-\m-bn P-\n-®p. {]mY-an-I hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-tijw s\-√n°¬ \m-cm-b-W ]-Wn-°-cn¬ \n-∂pw XIn-epw, A-∂-a-\-S ]-c-ta-iz-c-am-cm-cps-S Iogn¬ sN-≠, Xn-an-e, CS-bv-° F-∂n-h-bpsS {]m-Y-an-I-]m-T-ß-fpw lr-Zn-ÿ-am-°n. C-∂v ta-fw tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ X-\-Xp Iebm-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. hm-Zy-I-emIm-c≥-am¿ k¿-h-Ym B-Z-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. ao-\-®q-Sn-epw hr-›n-I-°p-f-n-cn-epw hn-b¿s∏m-gp-°n ]n-Sn-®p-hm-ßn-b-Xm-Wv A-NypX-am-cm-cp-sS I-em- k-]-cy. {]-Ir-Xn-bpsS Xm-f-hpw a-\p-jy-a-\-€n-s‚ Xp-Sn-∏p-am-b

ta

sN-≠-t°m-en-s‚ Xm-f-sØ k-a-c-k-s∏Sp-Øn-b tZ-h-in¬-]n-I-fm-Wv A-Nyp-X-amcm-sc-t∏m-ep-ff-- ta-f-m-Nm-cy≥-am¿. Xn-an-e, C- S bv - ° , sN- ≠ , ]m- W n, sIm- ´ n- ∏ m- S n tkh, X-In¬ C-h-bn-se-√mw H-cp-t]m-se A-t±-lw {]m-K-¤yw sX-fn-bn-®p. C-cn-ßme- ° p- S , Xr- ∏ q- W n- Ø p- d , sIm- S p- ß - √ q¿, s]cp-h-\w, B-dm-´p-]p-g, t£-{X-ß-fn-se

D-’-h-]q-c-ß-fn¬ ta-f-{]-am-Ww h-ln-® Xr-t∏-°p-fw ]-©m-cn ta-f-Øn-s‚ Xm-f-eb-ß-fn-eq-sS B-kzm-Z-I lr-Zb-ß-sf IogS-°n. 1990 ¬ Xr-iq¿ ]q-c-Øn-\v Xn-cp-hºm- S n- b p- s S ta- f - { ]- a m- W w G- s ‰- S p- Ø tXmsS ]m-≠n ta-f-Øn-em-bn Xr-t∏-°p-fØn-\v Iq-Sp-X¬ {]-i-kv-Xn. C-cp-]-tXm-fw kz¿-W-]-X-°-߃ \¬-In tI-c-f-Øn-se hn-hn-[ t£-{X-߃ A-t±-l-sØ B-Z-cn®n-´p-≠v. C-Xn-\p-]p-d-ta tI-c-f k¿-°mcns‚ ]- √ m- h q¿ ]p- c - k v - ° m- c w, tI- c - f kwKo-X \m-S-I A-°m-Z-an ]pc-kvImcw, ta-f N-{I-h¿-Øn ]p-ck - vI - m-cw, h-eb - m-[oi ]p-c-kv-Im-cw, I-em-a-fi-e-Øn-s‚ ta-fmNm-cy ]p-c-kv-Im-cw F∂n-hbpw At±-lØn\v e`n-®p. 2004 ¬ Xn-cp-h-ºm-Sn ˛ ]mtd-ta-°m-hv tZ-h-kz-ß-fp-sS kw-bp-‡m`n-ap--Jy-Øn¬ Xr-iq-cn¬ h-®v ho-c-ir-w-Je \¬-In A-t±-l-sØ B-Z-cn-®p. 2002 ¬ hm-Zy-t{]-an-I-fp-sS kz¿-W ]-X-°-߃, 2012 ¬ tI-{µ kw-Ko-X \m-S-I A-°m-Z-an A-hm¿-Uv, F-∂n-h Xr-t∏-°p-f-sØ tXSnh-∂p. 1976 ¬ Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d kz-tZ-inbpw {]-i-kv-X \¿-Ø-I-\p-am-b \-´p-hm-¶w ]ca-in-hw Um≥-kv t{]m-{Km-ap-Iƒ sN-bv-Xncp-∂-Im-e-Øv A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {Sq-∏n-se XIn¬ hm-b-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p -Xr-t∏°pfw. 16 sIm-√w Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d D-’-hØn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Ø A-t±-lw 10 sIm-√w ta-f-{]-[m-\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-cp-jm-cw B¿-Øp-hn-fn-°p-∂ D-’h-∏-d-ºp-I-fn-epw t£-{X-\-S-∏p-c-I-fn-epw ta-f-Øn-s‚ \n-d-km-∂n-[y-am-bncp∂ Hcp hmZy-I-em-Im-c-\mWv hnS-]-d-™n-cn-°p∂Xv.

Xr-t∏-°p-fw A-Nyp-X-am-cm¿ G{]n¬ 2014

P\]Yw 37

A\p-kva-cWw

tdmkvan≥ tPmbv


kmlnXyw

\neo≥ In≈q¿

am∏n-f- ae-bm-fØ - ns‚

Ci-ep-Iƒ

ImesØ AXn-Po-hn-°p∂ Ad_n ae-bm-f-km-lnXy kº-Øns‚ Ie-h-d-bmb am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fpsS Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS

A

d-_n-a-e-bm-f-Øns‚ Bghpw ]c∏pw km[m-c-W-°m-cnte°v kw{I-an-∏n-°p∂ kmln-Xy-cq-]-amWv am∏n-f-∏m-´pIƒ. hS-°≥ ]m´p-I-fpw sX°≥ ]m´p-I-fp-sams° Nne {]tXyI ImeL´ßsf {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp-tºmƒ \nc¥cw ]pXp-°-s∏-Sp∂ kmln-Xy-k-º-Øns‚ Ie-h-dbmWv am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ. ImesØ AXn-Po-hn® ]g-b- Km\- ß fpw ]pXnb Xe- a p- d - b psS CjvS- K m- \ - ß fpw tN¿∂mWv am∏n-f-∏m-´ns‚ P\-Io-bX \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m∂-Xv. hyXy-kvXhpw \qX-\-hp-amb CuWßtfm-Sp-≈- Xzc-bmWv am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fpsS ktN-X-\-Xz-Øn\p \nZm-\w. ame-∏m-´p-Iƒ, Ink-∏m-´p-Iƒ, k_o-\-∏m-´p-Iƒ F∂n-

38 P\]Yw

ßs\ Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂ ap…nß-fpsS Km\-k-º-Øns‚ ka-{K-\m-a-amWv am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ. Cu t]cv \ne-hn¬ h∂n´v F{X-Im-e-am-sbt∂m, BcmWXv \¬In-b-sXt∂m Hcp sXfn-hp-an-√. `‡nbpw XØz-Nn-¥bpw bp≤hpw C…m-anI Ncn-{Xhpw kq^n-k-hp-sam-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p hfsc-°mew am∏n-f-∏m´v km-ln-Xy-Ønse Imhy-hn-j-b-߃. tIcf ap…n-ß-fpsS kmln-Xy-k-]-cybv°v Ipd-™Xv Ggp-\q-‰m≠v ]g°w I¬∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. ap…o-ß-fnse jnbm-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ hnizm-km-Nm-c-ß-fp-ambpw kq^n-hcy-∑m-cpsS aX-Nn-´-I-fp-ambpw _‘-s∏-´mWv am∏n-f-∏m´ns‚ ]nd-hn. AXyp-Ø-c-tI-c-f-Ønse tIm´n-°p-fw, Ipº-

G{]n¬ 2014


f-`m-K-ß-fn-ep≈ Ihn-Isf jnbm-]m-cºcyw kzm[o- \ n- ® - X ns‚ sXfn- h mWv ]£n-∏m-´v, Al-Zm-ac XpS-ßnb IrXnIƒ. apln-bn-±o≥ sjbvJns‚ A]-Zm-\߃ hmgvØn-∏m-Sp∂ apln-bn-±o≥ amebmWv I≠p- I n- ´ n- b n- ´ p- ≈ - X n¬sh®v G‰hpw ]g-°-ap≈ am∏n-f-∏m-´v. Ip™mbn≥ apk-en-bm¿ cNn® Zm¿i-\nI Imhyamb I∏-∏m-´v, \q¬alvZv F∂n-ßs\ ]g°-ap≈ thsdbpw Nne IrXn-Iƒ I≠pIn-´n-bn-´p-≠v. \q¬am-e-sb∂pw Adn-b-s∏Sp∂ \q¬a-lvZn¬ 15 ]m´p-I-fp-≠v. Chbnse√mw ]gb Ci-ep-I-fmWv D]-tbmKn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. B[p-\n-I-Im-eØv am∏nf-∏m-´p-Iƒ°pw ssaem-©n-∏m-´p-Iƒ°pw H-∏-\-∏m-´p-Iƒ°pw Ah-bpsS emfn-Xywaqew a‰p aX-ß-fnepw Bcm-[-I-cp-≠v. ap…n߃ tIc-f-Øn¬ FØpw-apºv {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ssaem-©n-∏m´p- I ƒ \ne- \ n- ∂ n- c p- ∂ p. AtX CuWØnepw hrØ-Øn-ep-amWv ap√n-ß-fpsS ssaem- © n- ∏ m- ´ p- I ƒ ]nd- ∂ - X v . CXpt]mse am¿Kw-I-fn-∏m-´n\pw am∏n-f-∏m´nse H∏- \ - N m- b ¬ F∂ Ci- e p- a mbn _‘- a p- ≠ v . cN- \ - b nepw cwKm- h - X - c WØnepw Bi-b-ß-fn-ep-sams° an° am∏n-f∏ - m-´p-Ifpw {InkvXy≥]m-´p-If - p-ambn kam\X ]pe¿Øp- ∂ p. {InkvXy≥ ssaem-©n-∏m-´n¬ D]-tbm-Kn® ]e ]Zßfpw am∏n- f - ∏ m- ´ p- I - f n¬ [mcm- f - a mbn ImWmw. `‡n, {]W- b w, k¶- S w, kvt\lw, tIm]w, Xami XpSßn a\pjym-h-ÿ-bnse kI-e-hn-Im-c-ßfpw CXnep-≠v. km[m-c-W-°m-cs‚ Np≠p-I-fn¬ Xßn- \ n¬°p∂ CuW- ß - f p- a m- b mWv Ieym-W-ho-Sp-I-fn¬ H∏-\-∏m-´p-Iƒ Dbcp-∂-Xv. sX°≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ \{km-Wnam-∏n-fbpw tPm\-I-am-∏n-f-bp-ap-≠v. ]s£, am∏n-f-sb∂ ]Zw Ahn-S-ß-fn¬ \{kmWn-am-∏n-fsb kqNn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ am∏n-f∏m´v tPm\-I-cp-tS-XmWv.

am-e∏m´pw Xmen-∏m´pw kq^n- h - c y- ∑ m- c psS A]- Z m- \ - ß ƒ ]mSn-∏p-I-gvØp-∂-XmWv ame-∏m-´p-Iƒ. `‡n-km-{µ-amb A¥-co-£-Øn¬ Ch Be-]n-°p∂ k{º-Zmbw ae-_m-dnse ap…n߃°n-S-bn¬ \ne-\n-∂p. cn^m-bnam-e, _Z¬am-e, aºpdw ame F∂nßs\ \nc- h [n ame- ∏ m- ´ p- I ƒ ae- _ mdnse ap…o-߃°n-S-bnkv {]Nm-c-Øn-ep≠v. tcmKm-h-ÿ-bnepw ]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ hcp-tºmgpw ame-∏m-´p-Iƒ ]mSp∂ ]Xnhp- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. "Iºnbpw IgpØpw hm¬°- º nbpw hmep- t Ω¬°ºnbpw Nns‰-gpØpw' Ds≠-¶n¬ am{Xta am∏n-f∏m-´p-I-fmhq Fs∂mcp hnizmkw ]gb Nne Ihn-Iƒ sh®p-]p-e¿Øn. ]s£, AØcw {]mk-\n-b-a-߃ ]m-en-s®-gp-Xnb-h-b√ ame-∏m-´p-Iƒ. Ieym-Wm-h-k-c-ß-fn¬ ]mSn-t∏m-cp∂ G{]n¬ 2014

tambn≥Ip´n sshZy¿ Xmakn®v cN\Iƒ \SØnb ap®p≠n]≈n

tambn≥Ip´n sshZycpsS Ime-ØmWv a\pjy-Po-hn-XØ - nse kI-ehn-Im-cß - fpw am∏n-f∏ - m´p-Iƒ°v hnj-ba- m-bnØp-Sß - n-bX - .v AXphsc `‡n-ckw Xpfpºp∂ Imhy-ta-Je - b - mbn \ne-\n∂ am∏n-f∏ - m-´p-IfpsS temIØv ]pXp-Ne\w kr„n-®X - v tambn≥Ip´n sshZy-cmbn-cp∂p. At±-lØns‚ {]W-bI - m-hyamb _Z-dp¬ap-\o¿ lpkp-\p¬ Pam-en-eq-sSbmWv am∏n-fs - ∏-Æns‚ P∑w kzmX-{¥y-Ønte°p Xpd-°p-∂X - .v ]g- ° w- s N∂ am∏n- f - ∏ m- ´ mWv BZo- a pX¬∏p-cm-Ww. ap…ow \a-kvIm-c-Øns‚ A\p-jvTm-\-I¿a-߃ hnh-cn-°p-∂-XmWv \nkvIm-c-∏m-´v. hn`-h-k-ar-≤-amb AΩmbn- k - X v I m- c - Ø ns‚ {]Xy- £ - W - a mWv AΩm-bn-∏m-´v. sXm¶¬ F∂ Ci-en¬ XpS-ßp∂ Xmen-∏m-´n\v kv{XoIƒ°n-bn¬

\√ {]Nm-c-ap-≠v. Ieym-W-k-Z-€p-I-fn¬ ]mSm≥th≠n cNn-®-XmWv DΩ-lmØv ame. bp≤-cw-K-h¿W-\-I-fmWv ]S-∏m-´pI-fnse {]Xn-]m-Zyw. {]W-b-kw-_-‘nbmb XpS-°-tØmsS hmb-\-°m-cn¬ Ne\-ap-≠m-°nb hn`m-K-amWv IØp-]m-´pIƒ. {]W-b-te-J-\-߃ IØp-cq-]-Ønem- ° m≥ Imhy- ` m- h - \ - b p- ≈ - h - c psS klmbw tXSp-∂-h¿ A∂sØ kap-lØn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. kzIm-cyXbn√mØ CØcw ]m´p-Iƒ Aßs\ h≠n-°m-cpsSbpw tXmWn-bp-¥p-∂-h-cp-sSbpw _oUnsØm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS-bp-sams° Np≠n¬ \nd-™p. ae-_m¿ Iem-]-Øn-\p-ti-jamWv IØp-]m-´p-If - p- sS c≠mw-L´w Bcw`n-°p-∂-Xv. XS-h-d-Km-\-ß-sf-∂mWv Ch Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tambn≥Ip´n sshZy-cpsS Ime-ØmWv a\p- j y- P o- h n- X - Ø nse kI- e - h n- I m- c ßfpw am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ°v hnj-b-am-bn-ØpS- ß n- b - X v . AXp- h sc `‡n- c kw Xpfpºp∂ Imhy-ta-J-e-bmbn \ne-\n∂ am∏nf- ∏ m- ´ p- I - f psS temIØv ]pXp- N - e \w kr„n- ® - X v tambn≥Ip´n sshZy- c m- b ncp∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ {]W-b-Im-hy-amb _Z-dp¬ap-\o¿ lpkp-\p¬ Pam-en-eq-sSbmWv am∏n-f-s∏-Æns‚ P∑w kzmX-{¥yØn-te°p Xpd-°p-∂-Xv. CXnse Bib-ß-tfmSp hnap-J-X-tXm-∂nb bmYm-ÿnXnI ]fin-X¿ ImhysØ X≈n-∏-d-bpI-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. aWn-{]-hm-f-Im-e-L-´Ønse KWn- I - h ¿W- \ m- I m- h y- ß sf sh√p∂X- c - Ø n¬ irwKm- c - c w- K - ß ƒ tIm¿Øn-W-°p-∂-Xn¬ Ihn {]tXyI {i≤-sh-®-Xp-t]m-se-bmWv Imhy-c-N-\m-coXn. _mey-Nm-]-ey-ßfpw irwKm-c-h¿W\- I fpw kpµ- c n- a m- c psS AwK- e m- h - W y-

P\]Yw 39


h¿W- \ - I - f p- s ams° hnj- b - a m- I p∂ [mcmfw IrXn-Iƒ A°m-eØv cNn-°s∏´p.

Nm°ocn _Z¿ tambn≥Ip´n sshZy-cpsS ka-Im-enIcm-bn-cp∂p tN‰p-hmbv ]co-°p-´nbpw amfn- t b- ° ¬ Ip™- l - Ω Zpw Nm°ocn sambv X o≥Ip- ´ n- b pw. Ch- c mWv Ci- e pIƒ°v ]cn-jvI-cn® t]cp-Iƒ \¬In-bXv. ]pXn-bh \n¿an-°p-∂-Xnepw Ch¿ {i≤sh-®p. tambn≥Ip´n sshZy-cpsS Imew hscbpw am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fn¬ Ad-_n-a-e-bmf-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. AXv ip≤-ae- b m- f - Ø n\p hgn- a m- d p- ∂ Xv Nm°ocn sambvXo≥Ip-´n-bpsS Nm°ocn _Z-dn-eqsS-bm-Wv. am∏n-f-∏m-´nse DSs\ Ppssa-eØn\v Nm°ocn \¬Inb t]cv N¥-sa∂m-Wv. BImiw `qan F∂ Ci-en\v k¿∏n-Wn, Bc-ºbv°v aµ-\S F∂n-ßs\bpw t]cp-Iƒ \¬In. ]s£, kaql-Øn-sebpw aX-Øn-sebpw bmYm-ÿnXnI ta¬t°mbva ImcWw km[m-c-W°m- c psS a\- € n¬ CSw- t \- S m≥ Nm°ocnbpsS Ci-ep-Iƒ°v Ign-™n-√. ssZh-ß-fp-sSbpw tIm´-I-fp-sSbpw \mSmb Imk¿tImSv am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ°p kw`m-h\ - s - NbvX hy‡n-bmWv Sn. Dss_Zv.

tambn≥Ip´n sshZycpsS ssI∏S

40 P\]Yw

Sn. Dss_Zv

am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fpsS B[p-\nI Ime-sØ°p- d n®v ]d- b p- t ºmƒ BZyw Hm¿ant°≠ \ma- a m- W n- X v. Imk¿tImSv Xmeq°v I¿Wm-S-I-bpsS `mK-am-bn-cp-∂Xn-\m¬ Dss_Zv amXr-`m-jb - mbn ]Tn-®Xv I∂- S - b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. ae- b m- f - t Øm- S p≈ A`n-\n-thiw \nanØw ]n∂o-SXv hi-

am-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. BZyw I∂-S-Ønepw ]n∂oSv Ad_n ss_Øv coXn- b nepw At±lw Ipsd Imhy-ß-sf-gp-Xn. XpS¿∂v AK-Xn-hn-em]w, _mjv]-[mc F∂n-ßs\ hnem-]-Im-hy-߃ cwK-Øp-h-∂p. Xangv ssien hi-am-b-tXmsS Ben-_m-_bpw 40 I≈-∑mcpw F∂ IY ]m´p-cq-]-Ønem-°n. Ieym-W-∏m-´p-Iƒ ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ a°m\n ]≈n- I - f p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´pw At±lw Xs‚ kmln- X y- k - ] cy XpS¿∂p. 1932 ¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnb \h-cXv\-am-enI Dss_-Zn\v Gsd {i≤-t\-Sns°m-Sp-Øp. tZio-tbm-Zv{K-Y-\-Øn\v Gsd klm-bn-°p-∂-h-bm-bn-cp∂p Dss_-Zns‚ cN-\-Iƒ. ae-bm-f-sØbpw I∂-S-sØbpw _‘n- ∏ n- ° p∂ ]me- a mbn h¿Øn® Dss_-ZmWv iqc-\mSv Ip™≥]n-≈-bpsS ae-bm-f-a-lm-\n-L-≠p-hn-te°v am∏n-f-∏m´nse ]Z-߃ kw-`m-h\ sNbvX-Xv. hnhm-lw, Ip™p-]n-d-°¬, sXm´n¬ sI´¬, kp∂Øv IeymWw F∂n- h bvs°√mw ]m´p-Iƒ \n¿_-‘-am-bn-cp∂p. sX°≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ CØcw NSßp-I-tfm-S-\p-_-‘n®v ]m´p-Iƒ km[m-cW-a-s√-¶nepw HmØpw ]m´pw ]Tn-°pI ]≠p-ap-X¬t° hnhm-l-tbm-Ky-X-bmbn ap…nw- ß ƒ I≠p- h - c p∂p. amßm- ∏ m- ´ v , tXmWn-∏m-´v, \mbm-´p-]m´v XpS-ßnb t]cpI-fn-sems° am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fp-≠v. am∏n-f∏m-´ns‚ KX-Im-e-{]u-Vn°v ]In-t´-Ip-∂Xn¬ tambn≥Ip´n sshZycpw ]pen-t°m´n¬ sslZdpw ]p∂-bq¿°pfw _m∏p-hpsams° hln® ]¶v \nkv X p- e - a m- W v . sslZ-dns‚ Xncq¿ bm{Xbpw Imf]q-´psams° am∏n-f-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ bYm¿Y-Nn{Xo-I-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. km[m- c - W - ° msc lcw- ] n- S n- ∏ n°p∂hbmWv F°m-e-sØbpw am∏n-f-∏m´p-Iƒ. kwKo-Xm-fl-I-Xbpw Pohn-X-k-µ¿`ß-fp-am-bp≈ CW-°hpw \nanØw A\yk-ap-Zm-b-°m¿°n-S-bn¬t∏mepw {]Nmcw t\Sm≥ am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ°v Ign-bp-∂p-≠v. Ne-®n-{X-ß-fnepw tÃPv tjm-I-fnepw Chbv ° p≈ {]m[m\yw P\- I o- b - X bv ° p sXfn-hm-Wv. am∏n-f-am¿ am{X-a√ am∏n-f∏m-´p-Iƒ cNn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. ]gb Xe-ap-dbn¬ \n∂v CS-t»-cn, ]n. `mkvI-c≥ XpSßnb Ihn- I fpw ]pXnb Xe- a p- d - b n¬ \n∂v ssIX-{]w, Kncojv ]pØ-t©-cn, hb-em¿ ic-XvN-{µ-h¿a XpS-ßnb Km\c-N-bn-Xm-°fpw Cu cwKØv hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. BZy-Im-eØv ]pd-Øph∂ ]e \mS-I-ß-fnepw am-∏n-f-∏m-´p-Ifp≠v. I≠w- s _® tIm´v, hºØo \obmWv s]Æv XpS-ßn-bh Cu KWØn¬s∏-Sp-∂p. \nc¿Y-I-ambn ]Z-߃ Iq´n-bn-W°n Xmf-Øn-\p-am{Xw {]m[m\yw \¬In-bmWv C∂v am∏n-f-∏m-´p-Iƒ kr„n°p-∂-Xv. Ah \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]g-°-ap≈ am∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fpsS ss]Xr-I-Øn\v tIm´ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ X¿°-an-√. G{]n¬ 2014


kn\na

cmtPjv sI. Fcp-taen

\ntbm-dn-b-en-k-Øns‚ aebmf \SØw emh-Wy- Zr-iy-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Xo£vW Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿Yy-ß-fn-te°v ae-bmf kn\n-asb BZy-ambn Iq´n-s°m-≠p-t]mb kwhn-[m-b-I-\mWv ]n. cma-Zmkv

]n. cmaZmkv

c- º - c y- Ø ns‚bpw ]pcm- W m- h n- j v I m- c - ß - f p- s Sbpw D≈n¬\n∂v ae- b mf kn\n- a sb tamNn- ∏ n®/]cnh¿Øn-∏n® Ne-®n-{X-Im-c-\mWv ]n. cmaZmkv. i_vZc-ln-X-amb "hnK-X-Ip-am-c-\n'¬\n∂v XpSßn BZy i_vZ-kn-\n-a-bmb "_me-\n'eqsS \yqP-\tdj\n¬ FØn \n¬°p∂ ae-bmf kn\n-a-bn¬ cmaZm-kns\ Fßs\ AS-bm-fs - ∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂v ktµlnt°≠Xn√. a\p- j y- s \- ° p- d n®pw Ah- c psS A\p- ` - h - ß - s f- ° pdn®pw BZy-ambn kwkm-cn® ae-bmf kn\na cmaZmkv kwhn-[m\w sNbvX "\yqkv t]∏¿ t_mbv' BWv. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Cu kn\n-asb ae-bm-f-Ønse BZy \ntbm-dn-b-en-ÃnIv kn\n-a-sb-∂mWv hntijn∏n°p-∂-Xv. \ntbm-dn-b-enÃv F∂ kw⁄ tIcf-Øn¬ Imcy- a mbn hnI- k n- ° p- ∂ - X n\v apºmWv CØcw ssk≤m¥nI ]n≥_-e-sam∂pan-√msX Hcp kn\na ]nd-°p-∂-Xv. kn\na F∂Xv Kuch-ambn ImtW≠ H∂mWv F∂ t_m[y-ap-≈-Xp-sIm≠mWv Hscm‰ kn\n-a-bn-eqsS At±lØn\v Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ÿm\w t\Sm≥ Ign- ™ - X v. Hcp]mSv kn\n- a - s b- S pØv tXm¬°p-∂-Xnt\°mƒ \√Xv Hscm‰ kn\n-a-bn-eqsS hnP-bn-°pI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p At±lØns‚ kn≤m-

]m

G{]n¬ 2014

¥w. hyhÿm-]nX \ne-]m-Sp-I-tfmSv hntbm-Pn-®psIm≠mWv cma-Zmkv kn\n-a-bp-ambn cwKØv hcp∂Xv. Xan-gv-˛-lnµn kn\n-a-I-fpsS Nph-Sp-]n-Sn®v AXn`m-hp-IXzhpw sshImcnI-Xbpw am{X-ambn ae-bmf kn\na Hcpßn-b-t∏m-gmWv cma-Zmkv ImgvNsb kw`h-_-lp-e-am-°n-b-Xv. a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b B-Zy-Nn-{Xw sP.kn. Um-\n-tben‚ "hn-K-X-Ip-am-c-\m'-bn-cp-∂p (1928). a-s‰mcp \n-iv-_-Z-Nn-{Xw B¿. kp-µ¿-cm-Pn-s‚ "am¿-Ø-mfi-h¿a' 1933 ¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn. 1938- em-Wv s\-´m-Wn- kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X a-e-bm-f-Øn-se B-Zy-i-_v-Z-Nn-{X-am-b "_m-e≥' ]p-d-Øp h-∂-Xv. 1939 ap-X¬ 1949 h-sc-bp≈ k-a-b-Øv A-©v Nn-{X-߃ am-{X-am-Wv {]-Z¿-i-\Øn-s\-Øn-b-Xv. 1950- ¬ "kv-{Xo', "{]-k-∂', "i-in-[c≥', "\-√-X-¶' F-∂o Nn-{X-߃ {]-Z¿-i-\-Øn-s\Øn. 1951 ¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b "Po-hn-X-\u-I'-bpw "\-htem-I-hpw' h-en-b hn-P-bw t\-Sn. 1954 ¬ {]-Z¿-i-\Øn-s\-Øn-b "\o-e-°p-bn¬' tZ-io-b X-e-Øn¬ AwKo-Im-cw t\-Sn-sb-Sp-Øp. kn-\n-a-bn¬ H-cp ]-cn-h¿-Ø\-Øn-\v Xp-S-°w Ip-dn-® Cu kn-\n-a G-‰-hpw \-√ Nn-{X-Øn-\p-≈ sh-≈n sa-U¬ t\-Sn.- a-e-bm-f-Ønse B-Zy-sØ dn-b-e-Ãn-Iv Nn-{X-sa-∂v hn-ti-jn-∏n°p-∂ ]n. cm-a-Zm-kv kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-X "\yq-kv t]∏¿ t_m-bv' 1955 ¬ {]-Z¿-i-\-im-e-bn-se-Øn. "\yq-kv t]-∏¿ t_m-bv' ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂-Xn\v apºphsc ae-bmf kn\n-a-bpsS ImgvNbpw Bhn-jvIm-chp-sa√mw A°m-eØv a\p-jy≥ Pohn® {]tZißfn¬\n∂pw Ahs‚ A\p-`-h-ß-fn¬\n∂pw hfsc AI- s e- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. \oe- ° p- b n¬ sNdnb ]cnh¿Ø\w krjvSn®p F∂Xv AwKo-I-cnt°≠Xp-≠v. A°m-esØ ae-bmf kn\na {]W-b-Øns‚ emhWy-Øn¬ am{X-amWv IqSp-X¬ {i≤-sh-®n-cp-∂-Xv. khntijambn a\p-jysc ]cn-K-Wn-°msX AZv`pX-I-Y-I-sfbpw hoc-∑m-cpsS Ncn-{X-hp-am-bmWv ae-bmf kn\na apt∂m´v t]mb-Xv. F∂m¬ CØcw Zriy-hXv I - c - W - Ø n- \ pta¬ ]cnt°¬]n®mWv cma- Z mkv cwKØv hcp-∂-Xv. Xs‚ kn\na ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-tºmƒ cmaZm-kn\v 22 hb-km-bn-cp-∂p. Iem-eb hnZym¿Yn-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ kn\na kwhn-[\w sNbvX At±lw, kn\nabpsS Xnc-°Y Fgp-Xn-bXv kvIqƒ hnZym¿Ynbm-bn-cn-°ptºm-gm-Wv. hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ Hcp°nb kn\n-a-sb∂ \nebn¬ CXn\v henb {]tXyIX-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu

P\]Yw 41


Nn{Xw ka¿∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv hnZym¿YnIƒ°m-Wv. "Hm¿an-°pI hnZym¿Yn-I-fpsS Iemkrjv S n- b mWnXv ' F∂v Nn{X- Ø neqsS a\- k n- e m- ° m≥ Ign- b p- ∂ p- ≠ v . kwhn-[m-b-I≥ F∂-Xn-\-∏pdw kn\n-abpsS aq∂v \n¿am-Xm-°-fn¬ Hcmfmbncp∂p At±lw. G‰hpw {]mbw Ipd™ kwhn- [ m- b - I ≥ F∂ _lp- a - X nbpw At±lw CtXmsS t\Sp∂p≠v. temI-Ønem-Zy-ambn hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ \n¿an® kn\na CXmWv.

Pohn-X-Øns‚ Zriym-\p-`hw {]n‚nMv {]knse sXmgnem-fn-bmb A—s‚ ac- W - s Ø- X p- S ¿∂v ]Tn∏v \n¿Øp∂ aI≥ aZn-cm-in-bntebv°v \mSphn-Sp∂Xneq-sS-bmWv kn\na hnI-kn-°p∂-Xv. AΩ-bpsS ac-W-sØ-Xp-S¿∂v \m´nse-Øp∂ Ah≥ ]{X- hn-X-cWw \SØp-∂Xpw ]{X- hn¬]-\-°m-c-\m-Ip-∂XmWv "\yqkv t]∏¿ t_mbv' F∂ Nn{X-

A∏psh∂ Ip´n-bpsSbpw IpSpw-_Ø - ns‚bpw Pohn-XZ- p-cn-Xb - m{X-Iƒ Nn{Xo-Ic - n® Cu kn\na temI {]i-kX v amb C‰men-b≥ kn\na "ss_ssk°nƒ Xohvkv ' t]mse C∂v Ncn-{X-Øns‚ `mK-amWv. tIcfw PmXn-˛P - ∑n ImeL-´Ø - n¬\n∂v apX-em-fnØ-Ønte°v ]cn-jI v c - n°-s∏-Sp∂ L´-Øn-emWv kn\n-ab - psS IY \S-°p∂Xv F∂Xpw {it≤bamWv.

\yqkv t]-∏¿ t_mbv

Øns‚ CXnhr-Øw. Xo£vW-amb A\p`- h - Ø n- e q- s S- b mWv Ahs‚ PohnXw \oßp-∂-Xv. Hcp ÿeØv Zmcn-{Zyhpw adph-iØv Pohn-°m-\p≈ ka-chpw HØp tNcptºmƒ ae-bmf kn\n-a-bn¬ BZyambv ]{X-hn¬]-\-°m-c-\mb ]øs\ ASbm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \ntbm- dn-b-en-ÃnIv kt¶Xw hnIkn®v hcp∂ L´-Øn¬ AXns\ BZyambn D]tbm-Kn® Ne-®n-{X-Im-c-\mWv cmaZmkv. AXn-\ptijw CØcw Nn{X߃ [mcm-f-ambn ae-bm-f-Øn¬ D≠mIp∂p- ≠ v . kzmX{¥yw e`n®v GXm\pw h¿j-߃ Ign-™mWv Cu Nn{Xw ]pdØp-h-cp-∂Xv F∂ {]tXyIXbpw CXn\p-≠v. kvIqfn¬ ^okv sImSp°m-≥ \nhrØn-bn-√mØ hnZym¿Yn-bpsS IY ]d-bp∂- X n- e qsS cmaZmkv F°m- e - t ØmSpw

42 P\]Yw

]mh- s ∏- ´ - h s‚ IY kn\n- a - t bmSv tN¿Øpsh-bv°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. BtKm-foI-cW ImeØpw AtX Ah-ÿ- \ne\n¬°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcn°¬ s{Sbn-\n¬ sIm®nbnte°v bm{X-sN-øp-tºmƒ I≠ ]{X-hn¬]-\-°m\mb Ip´n-bpsS IÆp-I-fpsS ssZ\yXbn¬\n-∂mWv "\yqkv t]∏¿ t_mbv'bpsS IY cma-Zm-kns‚ a\-kn¬ A¶p-cn-°p∂-Xv. CXv ]n∂oSv ae-bmf kn\na Ncn{X-Øn¬ Hcp Ime-L-´sØ krjvSn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kn\n-abv°v B[m-c-amb IY "Itºm- k n- ‰ ¿' A®- S n®p h∂Xv almflm ]_vfn-jnMv lukns‚ Xfn-cpIƒ F∂ IYm kam-lm-c-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. IYsb hnI- k n- ∏ n- ® mWv kn\n- a - b n¬ D]tbm- K n- ® - X v. Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] pcw bqWnthgvkn‰n tImf- P n¬ cma- Z m-

kns‚bpw klhn- Z ym¿Yn- I fpsSbpw t\XrXzØn¬ cq]o-I-cn® BZ¿iv Iema-µn-dmWv kn\na \n¿an-®-Xv. \mK- h ≈n B¿.Fkv . Ipdp- ∏ n- s \s°m≠mWv kw`m- j Ww Fgp- X n- ® - X v . Pm∏-\okv kwhn-[m-b-I≥ Iptdm-tkm-hbpsS "dmj-tam¨' F∂ kn\n-a-bn¬ Nn{Xo-I-cn® s{Sbn≥ bm{X-bpsS ]›mØew Xs∂ kzm[o\n-®n-´p-s≠∂v cmaZmkv ]d- b p- ∂ p- ≠ v . Xriq- c nepw a{Zmknepw Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] pcw sadn- e m‚ v ÃpUn- t bm- b n- e p- a mWv Nn{Xo- I - c Ww ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-b-Xv. Ipdp∏v Hgn®v a‰p-≈h-sc√mw ]pXp-ap-J-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. A∏phns‚ AΩ- b mbn s\øm- ‰ n≥Ic tImafhpw A∏p-hmbn amÿ tam\n-bpamWv thjan-´-Xv. sXcp-hp-a-\p-jy-cpsS PohnXw ]d-bp∂ kn\n-a-bpsS Nn{Xo-Ic-W-Øn-\mbn At±lw Ipsd k©-cn®p. Ah-sc-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m\pw Xbm-dm-bn. tImf- P n¬ ]Tn- ° p- t ºmƒ ]g- h - ß m- S nbntebpw ]mf-bs - Øbpw km[m-cW a\pjy- t cm- s Sm∏w \S- ∂ - t ∏m- g mWv At±lØn\v Ah-cpsS PohnXw F¥msW∂v a\-kn-em-°m≥ Ign-™-Xv. apJy[mcm kn\n-a-bpsS AXn-`-mhp-IXzsØ Nne IpX-d-ep-I-fn-eq-sS-bmWv At±lw am‰n-∏-Wn-bp-∂-Xv. A∏psh∂ Ip´n-bp-sSbpw IpSpw-_Øn-s‚bpw Pohn-X-Zp-cn-X-bm-{X-Iƒ Nn{XoI-cn® Cu kn\na temI {]i-kvX-amb C‰men- b ≥ kn\na "ss_ssk°nƒ Xohvkv' t]mse C∂v Ncn-{X-Øns‚ `mKamWv . tIcfw PmXn- ˛ - P ∑n Ime- L - ´ Øn¬\n∂v apX-em-fn-Ø-Ønte°v ]cnjvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ L´-Øn-emWv kn\n-abpsS IY \S- ° p- ∂ Xv F∂Xpw {it≤bamWv. temI- k n- \ n- a bsb t\ctØ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- ´ n- c p∂ cma- Z mkv AØcw ]mT-ßsf Dƒs°m≠mWv Xs‚ kn\n- a bpw t{]£I¿°v \¬In- b - X v . F∂m¬ CcpssIbpw \o´n P\- ß ƒ AXns\ kzoIcn-®n-s√∂Xv hkvXp-X-bmWv. F∂m¬ A°m-esØ kmwkvIm-cnI `mhp-IXzw A{X-am{Xw hnI-kn-X-am-bn-cp∂n√ F∂ hkvXpX Hm¿an-t°-≠-Xp≠v. F∂m¬ Nne ]pc-kvIm-c-߃ t\SnsbSp-°m≥ kn\n-abv°p Ign-™p. 1976- ¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnb "\nd-am-e'bpw 1981- ¬ ]pdØn-d-ßnb "hmS-I-ho-´nse AYnXn'bp amWv a‰v kn\n-a-Iƒ. At±lw kn\n-abv°v \¬Inb kw`m-h\ ]cn-K-Wn-®mWv 2007 ¬ sP.kn Um\ntb¬ ]pc-kvImcw e`n-®-Xv. 1931- ¬ XriqcnemWv cma-Zmkv P\n®- X v . A`n- ` m- j - I - \ mbn Zo¿L\mƒ tkh\w sNbvXp. "HkyØv' F∂ Hcp t\mhepw cNn-®n-´p-≠v. cma-Zmkv hnS-]-d™-tXmsS ae-bm-f-kn-\n-asb Ime-L-´tØmSv tN¿Øpsh® Hcmfns\bmWv \jvS-am-b-Xv. G{]n¬ 2014


bm{X

apcfn Ip´-ºpg

iqen-apSn (hmcnbw BZn-hm-kn-Ip-Sn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ ImgvN)

iqen-ap-Sn-bpsS hnip≤ `qan-bn¬

ap

\ - n-bd - I - ƒ-sIm-≠v k-º∂ - a - m-b Ip-´º - p-g ]-©m-bØ - n¬ Im-gv-NI-fn-se iq-en-ap-Sn bp-hm-°-fn¬ l-c-ta-‰p-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-fw Pn-√-bn-se ]q-bw-Ip-´n-°p In-g-°m-bn-´mWv iq-en-a-e ÿn-Xn sN-øp-∂-Xv. ]-©-]m-fi-h-∑m¿ XºSn-®n-cp-s∂-∂p hn-iz-kn-°p-∂ iq-en-ap-Sn hn-izm-k-nIfp-sS Iq-Sn ]p-Wy-k-t¶-X-am-Ip-∂p. B-Nm-c-߃-°v kp-c-£m-I-h-N-sam-cp-°n B-Zn-hm-kn-Iƒ kw-c-£n-®p t]m-cp-∂ hm-cn-bw B-Zn-hm-kn-°p-Sn-°-Sp-Ø iq-en-apSn B-Im-i-sN-cn-h-W-bp-∂-h¿-°v A-\p-{K-lw \¬-In \ne-sIm-≈p-∂p. C-hn-sS iq-en `-K-hm≥ Ip-Sn-sIm-≈p∂p F-∂m-Wv hn-izm-kw. a- e - s sZ- h - ß ƒ hm- g p- ∂ iq- e n- a - e `- ‡ n- b p- s S {]tXy-Im-¥-co£-am-Wv {]-Zm-\w sN-øp-∂-Xv. hm-cn-bw BZn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n¬ \n-∂pw c-≠p a-Wn-°q¿ sN¶p-Ømb a-e I-b-dn-th-Ww iq-en-a-e-bn-se-Øm≥. £oWn-s®-Øn-bm¬ a-e-bv-°p ap-I-fn-se Ip-gn-bn¬ sF€n-\p k-am-\-am-b sh-≈-ap-≠v. ap-I-fn¬ t£-{X-an-

G{]n¬ 2014

s√-¶n-epw \q-‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]-g-°-ap-≈ iq-ew B-Ir-Xnbn-se I¬-sI-´v hn-{K-l-Øn-\p k-a-am-bn Im-Wmw. \´p-®-bn-epw a-™p-h-∂p Nn-{X-߃ h-c-®p a-d-bp-∂ Im-gv-® hn-Nn-{X-am-bn tXm-∂mw. a-e-bm-‰q¿ t^m-d-Ãv Un-hn-j-\n-se ]q-bw-Ip-´n \n-Xy-l-cn-X h-\-ta-J-e-bnem-Wv iq-en-apSn ÿn-Xn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. h-\-ssh-hn-[y-X-I-fn-se {]-[m-\-bn-\-am-Wv iq-enap-Sn-Im-gv-N. bm-{X-°n-S-bn-emh-iy-am-b sh-f-f-hpw, `£W-hpw a-‰pw I-cp-X-Ww. {]-th-i-\-Øn-se I-cp-X¬ iq-en-a-e-bn-te-°p-≈ {]-th-i-\w B-Zn-hm-kn-I-tfm-sSm∏-tam, h-\w h-Ip-∏n-s‚ A-\p-a-Xn-tbm-sS-tbm am-{Xta \-S-°q. ap-I-fn-se-Øn-bm¬ I¬sI-´p-Iƒ-°p-≈n¬ ImWn-° \n-t£-]n-°-Ww. B-Nm-cm-\p-jvTm-\-߃ ISp- I n- s S sX- ‰ n- ° m≥ a- e - a - ° ƒ A- \ p- h - Z n- ° n- √ . a¬kyw, amw-kw, a-Zyw, sN-cp-∏v F-∂n-h-sbm-∂pw ChnsS-b-Øn-°m≥ ]m-Sn-√. B-Im-i-tØm-Sp ap-´n \n¬°p∂ iq-en-a-e-bp-sS Zq-cIm-gv-N-X-s∂ A¤p-X-s∏-

P\]Yw 43


SpØpw. Np- ‰ n- N p- ‰ n th- W w ap- I - f n- s eØm≥. A-c-™m-Ww B-Ir-Xn-bn-em-Wv iqen-ap-Sn. hm-cn-bw tSm-∏n¬ \n-∂pw D-t±iw 700 ao-‰¿ D-b-c-Øn-em-Wv iq-en-ap-Sn ÿnXn sN-øp-∂-Xv. {_n-´o-jp-Im-cp-sS `-c-W Im-e-Øv iqena-e-bn¬ I-√p-Iƒ s]-dp-°n h-®p-≈ Nne \n¿am- W - ß ƒ \- S - Ø n- b n- ´ p- ≈ - X m- b n ImWmw. sl-en-tIm-]v-S-dn-\v C-d-ßm-\m-Ipw hn-[w hnim-e-am-b ku-I-cy-am-Wv a-e-apI-fn-ep-≈-Xv. k-Zm k-a-b-hpw i-co-cw Xpfbv-°p-∂ X-Wp-Ø Im-‰m-Wv. B-Zn-hm-kn-I-fp-sS {]-[m-\ D¬-k-hamb a-I-c-Øn-se kzm-an-bq-´n-t\m-S-\p-_‘n-®v iq-en-a-e-bn¬ {]-tXyI h-gn-]m-SpIƒ \-S-°pw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°n-hn-tS-°p {]th-i-\-an-√. iq-en-a-e-bp-sS D-®n-bn-se-Ønbm¬ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw Pn-√ ap-gp-h-\m-bpw ImWmw. Iq-Sm-sX \-√-ap-Sn, So-F-tÃ-‰v, X-angv-\m-Sv, tjm-f-bm¿, A-∏¿-tjm-f-bm¿, B\-ap-Sn, I-∏m-bw, tX-c, hm-cn-bw, {]-tZ-iß-fpw Bkz-Zn-°mw.

kvX - q-]w t]m-se Im´p-I√ - p-Iƒ s]-dp°n A-Sp-°n-b iq-emIr-Xn-bn-se I¬-sI´p-If - m-Wv ap-If - n-sesØ B-cm-[\ - m aq¿Øn (iq-en `-Khm≥). ap-If - n¬ \n-c∏m-W.v Nqc¬, Cu-‰ Xp-Sß - n-bh - k-ar-≤am-bn hf-cp-∂p-≠.v hn-kv-a-b `wKn-Iƒ h-c-bm-Sp-Iƒ ta-bp-∂ G-e-°mw h-fhv {]-kn-≤-am-Wv. "Im-´p-a-√n-Iƒ' ]q-Øp \n¬-

°p-∂ a-t\m-l-c Im-gv-Nbpw kz-¥-am-°mw. a-e-ap-I-fn-se Im-h-Sn-b-≈n¬ G-sd-t]¿-°v kp- c - £ n- X - a m- b n Xm- a - k n- ° mw. ]- t £ ISph, Im-´p-t]m-Øv, h-cb - m-Sv, Im-´m-\, Icn¶p-c-ßv F-∂n-h b-tY-jv-S-ap-≠-∂-Xv a-d°-cp-Xv. h-\w h-Ip-∏m-Imw A-Xn¿-Øn Xncn-®v sP-≠ ÿm-]n-®n-´p-≠v. H-∂-c ao‰¿ \o-f-Øn¬ I-cn-¶-√n¬ tI-c-fw X-an-gv-\m-Sv A-Xn¿-Øn-Iƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. tI-cf - Ø - nt‚-Xm-bn sX-ßpw iw-Jpw, X-an-gv-\m-Sn-s‚ iq-e-hpam-Wv Nn-”-߃. Im-fn-am≥-tXm-Sv, D-®m-¥n-I-h-e, A-S-Ip-]m-d h-gn \-S-°ptºmƒ A-S-Ip-]m-d-bn-se h-en-b I-√n¬ H-‰-a-cw -\n¬-°p-∂-Xv Im-Wm≥ Iu-Xp-Ita-‰pw.

BZn-hm-kn-I-fpsS hnip≤`qan

iqen-a-e-bnse iqem-Ir-Xn-bnse Bcm-[-\m-aq¿Øn

44 P\]Yw

B-Nm-c-ß-sf h-√m-sX `-b-°p-∂-hcmWv B-Zn-hm-kn-Iƒ. `-‡n-bp-sS \n-Ihn¬ iq-en-a-e-sb kw-c-£n-°p-tºmƒ, G{]n¬ 2014


hmcnbw tSm∏v

hmcn-bw Im-Sp-I-fn-se ]-g-a-°m¿-°n-S-bn¬ H-cp I-Y \n-e \n¬-°p-∂p-≠v. ]-≠v H-cp kw-Lw B-Zn-hm-kn-Iƒ tX≥ tX-Sn iqena-e I-b-dn. tX≥ a-Sn-Iƒ [m-cm-f-am-bp-≈ ap-Sn-bp-sS -D-®n-bn-se-Øp-I-sb-∂ km-lkn-I-X ]n-∂n-´v kw-Lw tX≥-a-Sn-Iƒ-°Sp- s Ø- Ø n. Iq- ´ - Ø n- s em- c mƒ k- a r- ≤ nbmb tX≥ a-Sn-Iƒ Nq-≠n Im-Wn-®-Xpw G-tXm A-Zr-iy i-‡n-sb-Øn A-bm-fpsS Nq-≠phn-c¬ A-‰p I-f-bn-®p F-∂-Xpam-Wv I-Y. ]n-∂o-Sn-∂p-h-sc B-cpw tXs\Sp-∏n-\m-bn iq-en-a-e I-b-dn-bn-´n-√-t{X. iq- e n- a - e - b v - ° p ap- I - f n- s e- Ø n- b m¬ AXn¿-Øn X-an-gv-\m-Sm-Wv. ap-So-ipw, hm¬∏m-d-bpw Im-Wmw. A-a-bn-\-Øn¬-s]-Sp-∂ sN-dn-b Cu-‰-Iƒ [m-cm-f-am-bn-hn-sS-bp-≠v. c-≠p ao-‰¿ am-{Xw D-b-c-ap-≈-Xm-Wn-h. Xq©¬ (\o-e-\n-d-ap-≈ Cu-‰) Cu-‰-I-fpw kp-e-`w. C-h h-f-bp-I am-{X-sa sN-øq. Hu-j-[ k-ky-ß-fp-sS I-e-h-d-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv G{]n¬ 2014

iq-en-a-e. Im-´p-s\-√v [m-cm-f-am-bp-≠v iqena-e h-gn-bn¬. hm-cn-b-Øp t]m-epw sam-ss_¬ t^mWp-Iƒ-°v td-©n-√.iq-en-ap-Sn X-an-gv-\m-Snt\m-S-Sp-Øm-sW-¶n-epw t^m-Wp-Iƒ- \n-›e-am-Ipw. ss_-t\m-°pe¿, Iym-a-d, ^ÃvF-bv-Uv In-‰v, `-£-Ww Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-cpXp-∂-Xv \-√-Xm-Wv. a-e-I-b-‰w {]-`m-X-tØmsS-bm-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv D-Nn-Xw. ]-t£ a-S-°w ssh-Ip-∂-Xv h-\y ar-K-ß-fp-sS B-{I-a߃-°p km-[y-X h¿-[n-∏n-°pw F-t∂m¿°p-I. hm- c n- b - Ø p \n- ∂ pw I- ≠ - Ø n- I p- S n, ap≈m-Sv sh-´n h-gn iq-en-ap-Sn-bn-se-Ømw. `m-hn-bn¬ hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-Iƒ-°m-bn Sqdn-kw h-Ip-t∏m k¿-°m-tcm C-hn-tS-bv°v sl-en-tIm-]v-S¿ bm-{X H-cp-°m-hp-∂Xm-Wv. kz-tZ-in-Iƒ-°pw hn-tZ-in-Iƒ-°pw H-cpt]mse {]n-b-am-Ip-∂ km-£m¬ iq-en `K-

hm-s‚ k-∂n-[n-bn-te-s°m-cp Xo¿-Y-bm-{X. kv-Xq-]w t]m-se Im-´p-I-√p-Iƒ s]-dp-°n A-Sp-°n-b iq-em-Ir-Xn-bn-se I¬-sI-´p-Ifm-Wv ap-I-fn-se-sØ B-cm-[-\m aq¿-Øn (iq- e n `- K - h m≥). ap- I - f n¬ \n- c - ∏ m- W v . Nqc¬, Cu-‰ Xp-S-ßn-b-h k-ar-≤-am-bn hfcp-∂p-≠v. s\-Sp-º-t»-cn F-b¿-t]m¿-´n¬ \n-∂pw, B-ep-h sd-bn¬-th-tÃ-j-\n¬ \n-∂pw tIm-Xa - w-Ke - w-˛X - t- ´-°m-S˛v- ] - q-bw-Ip-´n-˛a - W - n-IWvT≥-Nm¬ h-gn hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-Iƒ°v hm-cn-b-sØ-Ømw. ]-g-b B-ep-h-˛-aq-∂m¿ tdm-Um-b cm-P] - m-Xb - n-eq-sS Xo¿-Øpw kpc£n-X-am-b bm-{X-bm-Ipw ]q-bw-Ip-´n h-sc. a\-€n-\pw, I-Æn-\pw Im-gv-N-bp-sS th-dn-´ A-\p-`-h-sam-cp-°n `-‡n-bp-sS \n-i-_v-ZX-bn¬ \-c-® iq-en-ap-Sn A-ß-I-se BImi-tØ-s°-Øn sXm´v In-S-°p-∂p. kmlkn-I bm-{Xn-I¿-°pw ]p-Ø≥ A-\p-`-ham-bn-cn-°pw iq-en-ap-Sn.

P\]Yw 45


Fw. {io\m-Y≥

hm°ns‚ tIƒ°m°YIfntes°mcp k©mcw

Xobn¬ apf-®Xv

]

©-`q-X-ß-fn-sem-∂mWv Xo. Xosb A·n F∂pw ]d-bpw. Xo {ZmhnU ]Zhpw A·n kwkv I rX ]Z- h pamWv . Htc hkv X p- h ns\ c≠p kwkvIm-c-߃ Fß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p Dƒs°m- ≠ n- c p- ∂ - s X∂ At\z- j Ww {]k- ‡ - a m- W v . ]Z- k z- ` m- h - Ø nepw ]Z ka-\zb LS-\-bnepw Ch c≠pw thdn´p-\n¬°p-∂-Xmbn ImWmw. ae-bmf `mjbn¬ {ZmhnU ]Z- t Im- i - t Øm- s Sm∏w kwkvIr-X-]-Z-tIm-ihpw D]-tbm-K-Ønep≠v. Cu an{i-kz-`mhw ImcWw Htc hkvXp-hns\ ]e-X-c-Øn¬ {]Xn-\n-[o-Icn- ° p∂ kz`mhw ae- b mf `mj- b psS khn-ti-j-X-I-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. Nne-sXms° ]cym-bm¿Y {]Ir-Xhpw Nne kµ¿`-ßfn¬ `n∂m¿Y-{]-Ir-Xhpw \ne-\n¿Øp∂p≠v. Ch tN¿∂p-h-cp∂ kap-®b ]Z{]-IrXw sIm≠v Xosbbpw A·n-sbbpw c≠mbn ]cn- K - W n- t °- ≠ n- h - c p- ∂ p. aebmf `mj {Zmhn-U-tKm-{Xmw-K-sa∂ \nebn¬ {ZmhnU ]Z-ß-fpsS A¿Y-kz-`mhw ASn-ÿm-\-ambn AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Ø-W-sa∂-Xp-sIm≠v Xosb°pdn-®p≈ At\z-jW-amWv Cu ]Z-]m-T-Øn¬ Dƒs°m-≈n®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. IØp-Ibpw \in-°p-Ibpw AYhm XobpIbp-amWv Xo. sImSp-th-en, ITn\ ZpxJw, ⁄m\w (A-dn-hv) Fs∂ms° Xobv°v A¿Y-ap-≠v. sImSp-then Hcp Huj-[-k-ky-am-Wv. tcmK-i-an-\n-bm-W-Xv.

46 P\]Yw

tcmK-ßsf \in-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mImw sImSp-then Xobm-Ip-∂-Xv. ITn-\-ZpxJw a\-€n\pw ico-c-Øn\pw hn\m-i-am-Ip-∂Xp- s Im- ≠ mImw Xobmbn Xocp- ∂ - X v . A⁄m- \ sØ \in- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X p- s Im≠mImw Xo ⁄m\-am-Ip-∂-Xv. Xobpw \pWbpw Ipd®p aXn-sb∂v ]d-bm-dp-≠v. c≠pw hn\miw hnX- b v ° p- s a- ∂ - X mWv s]mcpƒ. F¶nepw \pWsb km[p-hm°m-\p≈ {ia-am-Wv Xobn-√msX ]pI-bp≠m-hn√ F∂ {]tbm-K-Øn¬ D≈-S-ßnbn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. \pWsb kXy-am-°m-\≈ {ia-ap-s≠-¶nepw Xo \mi-Øns‚ Nn”am- b mWv A[n- I hpw kqNn- ∏ n- ° - s ∏- S p∂Xv. F∂m-e-X√ hmkvX-hw. \mi-tØmsSm∏w ip≤o-I-c-Whpw Xo \n¿h-ln-°p∂p-≠v. F√m- \-in-°epw C√m-Xm-I-e-√. tcmKsØ C√mbv a sNøp- t ºmƒ B \in-°¬ KpW-I-chpw \pWsbt∏mse hn\m-i-I-c-am-Ip-tºm¬ AX-√m-sX-bp-amIp-∂p. KpWhpw \mihpw D≈-S-ßp-∂XmWv Xosb-∂-dn-bp-I. Xo°- ´ - b n¬ Ddp- º - c n- ° ptam F∂ {]tbm-K-Øn¬ Akm-[y-amb H∂n-s\bmWv kqNn- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Xos°m≈nsIm≠v Xe-sNm-dn-b-cpXv F∂v tIƒ°ptºmƒ, AXn-sem-fn-™n-cn-°p∂ B]ØmWv sXfn-bp-∂Xv. Akm-[y-am-bXv km[y- a m- ° m≥ {ian- ® m- e ≈ B]Øns\°pdn-®p≈ ap∂-dn-bn-∏mWv H∏w XobpsS i‡nbpw A]-I-Shpw {]I-S-am-

°p∂p. Xo]n-SnØw A·n-_m-[-bm-Wv. Xos∏-SpI Bbn-c-`m-j-bn¬ ac-W-am-Wv; Xos∏m- ≈ - t e¬∏n- ° p- I - b p- a m- W v . Xo s]m≈-ens\ t]Sn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Xo `bhpw Xo t]Sn- b p- a p- ≠ m- b - X v . s]m≈¬ sIm≠p-≠m-Ip∂ {hWamWv Xo∏p-Æv. Xo∏p-Æp-≠m-°p∂ ]mSp-I-fmWv Xo°- e bpw Xo Xg- º pw. Xos∏m- ° nf AYhm Xot∏mf Hcp {hW-am-Wv. XnI®pw Zcn-{Z-am-sbmcp Ah-ÿ-sb°p-d-n°m≥ Xobpw Xncn-bp-an-√m-Ø-Xmbn ]d-bm-dp-≠v. ho´n¬ Xo]p-I-bp-I-sb-∂Xv `£Ww ]mIw sNøp-∂-Xns\ kqNn-∏n°p-∂p. Xo]p-I-bm-ØXpw shfn-®-hpan√mØ Bƒ Xma-k-ap-≈-bnSw Zmcn-{Zy-kqN-\-bmWv \¬Ip-∂v. Xo ]pI-bmØ ASp°f Zmcn-{Zy-e-£-W-am-sW∂ hnizmkw \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂p. hnd-I-Sp-∏p-I-fpsS ImesØ-bmWv Cu {]tbmKw Hm¿an-∏n-°p∂-Xv. ChnsS Xo kº-∂-X-b-s√-¶nepw Zmcn- { Zy- a n- √ m- b v a - b psS kqN- I - a m- W v . Blmcw ]mIw-sNbvXp Ign-®p-Xp-S-ßnbXp apX¬ Xo Hcp kmwkvIm-cnI Nn”ambn amdn-sb∂p am{X-a√ AXv D]-tbmKn-°mØ Ahÿ Zmcn-{Zy-am-sW∂p Xncn-®-dn-™pan-cp-∂p. XobpsS kmwkvImcn-I-amb D]-tbm-K-Øns‚ ae-bmf ]cnk-c-amWv AXn-eqsS hy‡-am-Ip-∂-Xv. Xobn¬ apf-®Xv shbn-eØv hmSptam F∂ {]tbmKw C∂pw [mcmfw tIƒ°mdp-≠v. Xosb {]Xn-tcm-[n®v H∂n\pw hf-

G{]n¬ 2014


]pkv ]pkvX XI I ]cn]cn-NNbw bw cm-\m-hn-s√∂pw Aßs\ hf-cm-\m-hp-∂-Xn\v shbn¬ sIm≠m¬ H∂pw kw`-hn-°n-√m-sb∂ bmYm-¿-Yy-hpam-Wn-Xn\p ]n∂n¬. hn\m-im-fl-I-amb {]Xn-Iqe kml-N-cy-ßsf {]Xn-tcm-[n-®p\n¬°p-∂-hsc Xmc-X-tay\ sNdnb Imcy-߃ Xf¿Øn-√. {]XnIqe Ah-ÿ-bn¬ Xf-cm-Xn-cn-°m-\p≈ Hcp i‡n am{X-am-WnXv {]Xn-Iqe kml-N-cy-Ønepw A\p-Iqe [z\n Is≠Øn PohnX-bm{X apt∂m-´p-\-bn-°m-\p≈ ae-bmf ka-hm-Iy-am-Wn-Xv. Xos∏mcn {]kw-Kw, {]kwKw IØn-°-bdn F∂n-ßs\ Xobp-ambn _‘-s∏´ a‰p {]tbm-K-ß-fp-≠v. Xos∏mcn Xo°W-am-Wv. XoØ-cn-bm-Wv. \mi-ap-≠m-°p∂ Fs¥-¶n-ep-samcp IWw B {]kw-K-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠√ Xos∏mcn {]kw-K-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. XobpsS {]k-c-Ww-t]mse H∂n¬ \n∂v thsdm-∂n-te°v AXn-thKw hmIvNm-Xp-cn-sIm≠v {]`m-jW-Ie \n¿h-ln-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-t≠m, Bi-b-ß-fpsS Xo£v-Wamb ka-{K-X-sIm-t≠m, {]Xn-]£ \ne-]m-Sp-Isf \nin-X-ambn hnNm-c-Wbv°v hnt[-b-am°n A`n-{]m-b-ß-sfbpw \ne-]m-Sp-Isfbpw Zln-∏n®v apt∂-dp-∂-Xp-sImt≠m Hs°-bmWv {]kwKw Xos∏m- c n- b m- I p- ∂ - X v . IØn°- b - d p- ∂ Xpw. Chn- s S- s bm∂pw XobpsS \mi-sa∂ A¿Y-a√ ]¶n-Sp-∂-Xv. am\-h-kw-kvIr-Xn-bn¬ G‰hpw {][m-\-ambn sXm´-dn-bm-hp∂ GIIß-fn-sem-∂mWv XobpsS \n¿am-Whpw kwc-£-W-hpw. Xobp-≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ I√mWv Xo°-√v. Dc®p Xo FSp-°m-\p≈ km[\w sh°p∂ ]m{X-amWv Xo°p-Sp-°. Dc-bp-tºmƒ Xo IØm-\mbn A‰Øv acp-∂p-]p-c-´nb sNdnb tImep- I ƒ AYhm Xo°p- ‰ n, Xo°p- ® n, Xos∏- ´ n- Ø n- c n. Xos°m≈n h∂-tXmsS Xo°p-Sp° Xos∏-´n-bm-bn. bp≤-Øn¬ Xo°p-¥-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. A·n-_m-W-sa-∂m-Wnh Adnb- s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ - X v . hoSp- I - f n¬ s\cn- t ∏m- S p- I - f mb Xo°- e ߃ AYhm Xo®-´n-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. s\cn-t∏m-Sp-Iƒ ]n∂n´ ImeL-´-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-kvar-Xn-I-fm-Wv. XoI-c-∏\pw Xo∏m-dn-Ifpw tcmK-ß-fm-Wv. Xo∏∂ Hcp ]®-acp-∂pw. Xo∏p∂ Hcp-Xcw ]p∂-bp-am-Wv. Xo]p-\¬ Hcp-Xcw ]∂s®-Sn-bm-Wv. Xo∏p√v Hcp-Xcw ]p√pw. kzbw {]Im-i-ap≈ Hcp Huj[n-bmWv Xos®-Sn. Xo-ag F√m-bvt∏mgpw Xo s]mgn-bp∂ ag-b-√. henb sImSp¶m‰pw ]ni-dp-ap≈ ISpØ agbpw ae-bm-fn°v Xoa-g-bm-Wv. ISpØ hne Xohn-e-bp-am-Wv. Xo∏Wn ISpØ ]Wnbpw NoØ {]hr-Øn-bp-am-Wv. Xo sImt≠m-Sp∂ h≠n (B-hn) Xoh-≠n-bpam-bn. Zo]-kvXw`w AYm hnf-°p-a-c-ßfpw Xo sIm≠p≈ ASbmfw ImWn-°epw Xo Ipdn-I-fm-Wv. Xo apdn Pe ]mjm-WamWv. XobXv NoØ-bm-b-Xm-Wv. ae-bmfn Xosb F∆n-[-amWv Dƒs°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-sX-∂-Xm-Wn-hnsS sXfn-bp-∂-Xv. ASp-∏n¬ XotbIq´p, A·n Iq´n-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv A·nsb {]tXyI ]Z-]m-T-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xv.

G{]n¬ 2014

C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{Kkv

kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c-tk-\m-\n-bmb samøm-cØv i¶-c≥ cNn® C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{Kkv F∂ ]pkvXIw Ncn-{X-Øn-te-°p≈ Hcp hmXm-b-\-am-Wv. `mc-X-Øns‚ Ncn- { X- h - g n- I - f n- e qsS k©- c n®v kzmX- { ¥y- k - a - c - Ø ns‚bpw tIm¨{Kkns‚bpw cq]o-I-cW Ncn-{X-Øn-seØp-∂p. {_n´ojv tImf\n hmgvN-bvs°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´ß-fp-sSbpw tIm¨{Kkv {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ BZy-\m-fpIfpw hf¿®bpw kzmX- { ¥y- k - a c Ncn{Xhpsams° Hs° Hcp kzmX{¥y-k-a-c-tk-\m-\n-bpsS ImgvN-∏m-SneqsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ e`n-°p∂ B[n-Im-cn-IX hfsc {][m-\-am-Wv. ""{_n´≥ \ap°v cmPyØv kam[m\w \¬Io-´p-≠v. sdbn¬sh \¬Io-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ C\nbpw [mcm-f-Øn-e-[nIw \¬Ip-hm≥ _m°n-bn-cn∏p≠v. hnZym-`ym-k-Ønepw kmº-Øn-I-ÿn-Xn-bnepw P\-߃ F{X-I≠p apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-∂pthm A{X-I≠v Ah¿°v cmjv{So-b-amb t_m[hpw cmjv{Sob ]ptcm-Ka-\-Øn¬ Bibpw h¿[n-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw...'' ka- { K- a mb Ncn- { X- [ m- c - W - b p≈ Fgp- Ø p- I m- c \v am{Xta efn-X-amb `mj-bn¬ Ncn-{XsØ Ah-X-cn-∏n°m≥ Ign-bq. C¥y≥ kzmX-{¥y-k-ac Ncn-{X-Øn\v ]pXnb Dƒ°m- g v N - I ƒ \¬Ip∂p Cu ]pkv X - I w. kmlnXy A°m-Zan {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ Cu ]pkvX-IØns‚ hne 175 cq]-bm-Wv.

P\]Yw 47


Ipdn∏v

tUm. Fgp-a-‰q¿ cmP-cm-P-h¿a

A∂-hn-Nmcw ap∂-hn-Nmcw PohnXØnepw `mjbnepw kwkvImcØnepw \ndbp∂ A∂s®m√pIƒ

A

∂-hnNmcw Xs∂ ap∂-hn-Nm-cw. AXp- s Im- ≠ p- X s∂ A∂w \ΩpsS \nXy- P o- h n- X - Ø nepw `mj- b nepw kmln- X y- Ø nepw kwkv I m- c - Ø nepw \nd- ™ n- c n°p∂p. A∂w {_“w Xs∂sb∂v ssXØn-cn-tbm-]-\n-j-Øv, "A∂Øn¬\n∂v {]P DXv]- ∂ - a mIp∂p, ]rYznsb B{i- b n®p ÿnXnsN- ø p- ∂ - s X√mw A∂Øn¬ \n∂p-amWv D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv, AXv A∂-Øm¬ Pohn-°p-∂p, HSp- h n¬ A∂- Ø n¬Øs∂ hnebw {]m]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Fs¥-∂m¬ A∂w Xs∂bmWv {]mWn-I-fn¬ H∂m-a-Xmbn D≠m-b-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v AXns\ k¿hu- j [w F∂p- ] - d - b p- ∂ p. A∂w Xs∂-bmWv {_“w F∂pI-cpXn D]m-kn-°p-∂-h¿ \n›-bambpw kºq¿W-amb A∂sØ {]m]n-°p-∂p. Cß-s\-bmWv D]\n-jXv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. {ipXn-bn-se-∂t- ]mse kvarXnbnepw A∂sØ DZvtLm-jn-°p∂p-≠v. a\p-kvar-Xn-bn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv, bP-am-\≥ A·n-bn¬ A¿∏n°p∂ BlqXn BZnXy- \ n¬ FØn, Ahn- s S- \ n∂v hr„nbmbpw hr„n- b n¬ \n∂v A∂ambpw A∂- Ø n¬ \n∂v Pohn-bmbpw amdp∂p F∂m-Wv. A∂-Zm\w alm-Zm-\a - m-sW∂v ]Zv a - ] p- c m- W w. Bbncw B\Itfm Bbncw IpXn-c-Itfm Hcp

48 P\]Yw

tImSn ]ip-°tfm kap-{Z-k-aqlw hnkvXrXn-bp≈ ÿetam hnip-≤-Ip-e-Pm-X-cmb Hcp-tImSn I\y-I-amtcm H∂pw A∂-Zm-\Øn\p ka-am-I-p∂n√ F∂p kmcw. `mc- X - Ø n¬ A∂- Z m- \ - Ø n- s \- ∂ t]mse A∂{]m-i\Øn\pw (tNm-dq-Wv) {]m[m- \ y- a p- ≠ m- I m≥ ImcWw A∂Øns‚ {_“Xzw Xs∂. "Ipamcm (Ipam- c o) Xo¿Y- ß - f p- s Sbpw Huj- [ n- I - f - p sSbpw kmc-`q-X-amb cksØ \n\°p `£- W - a mbn Xcp- ∂ p. Huj- [ n- I fpw Xo¿Y-ßfpw \n\°v Btcm-Kyhpw awKfhpw Xc- s ´', F∂mWv A∂- { ]m- i \ aplq¿Ø- Ø n¬ HmXp∂ a{¥- Ø ns‚ A¿Yw. A∂-]q¿W-bpsS Hcp Iøn¬ A∂-]m-{Xhpw Hcp Iøn¬ Ic≠n-bp-amW-t√m. "A∂'hpambn _‘-s∏´ aebm- f - ] - Z - ß - f psS _mlpeyw ImWp- I . A∂-Pw, A∂-Zm-\w, A∂-tZm-jw, A∂tZz-jw, A∂-\m-fw, A∂-]-Xn, A∂-]m\w, A∂-]q¿W, A∂-°n-fn, A∂-°mh-Sn, A∂-t°m-jvT-Iw, A∂-{]m-i-\w, A∂-{_-“w, A∂-a-b-tIm-iw, A∂-c-kw, A∂-te-]-\w, A∂-k-{Xw, A∂-h-kv{Xw, A∂-hkvXn F∂n-ßs\ B ]´nI \ofp∂p. F∂m¬ lwkw, Pew, `qan Fs∂ms° A¿Y-ap-s≠-¶nepw Blm-c]-Zm¿Y-amb tNmdv F∂-Xn-\mWv {]mapJyw. A∂w hnj-b-amb ssien-Iƒ°pw IW- ° n- √ . A∂m¬ `h¥n `qXm\n, A∂- h nNmcw ap∂- h n- N mcw ]ns∂ hnNmcw Imcy-hn-Nm-cw, A∂cw sN∂mte In∂cw ]mSq, A∂w X∂ ho´n¬ I∂wh-bv°p-I, A∂w ap´n-bm¬ F√mw ap´pw A∂w sImXn-®-h≥ Bdp IS-°-bn-√,

A∂- _ ew {]mW- _ - e w, A∂- Ø ns‚ _ehpw Bbp-€ns‚ i‡nbpw Ds≠¶n¬ a∂-Øm-en-¶¬ ImWmw F∂nh Ah-bn¬ Nne-Xp-am-{Xw. tNmdqWp apX¬ Bcw-`n-°p∂p Hcp a\p-jys‚ A∂-hn-Nmcw. hmbv°cn-°pti-jhpw ]nfi-Øn-eqsS B _‘w XpS-cp-∂p F{X-am{Xw. Fs¥√mw Ign®mepw Hcp Znhkw Aev]w tNmdv D≠ns√-¶n¬ Xr]vXn-h-cm-Ø-h-cmWv \mw. A∂w t]mse- X s∂ Acn, tNmdv , Rmdv , s\√v F∂o ]Z- ß - f psS kar≤nbpw. Acn-∏-Z-߃°pw sNm√p-Iƒ°pw ]™-an-√, ]g-°-hp-an-√. ]®-cn, ]gp-°e- c n, s\Sn- b - c n, Ipdn- b - c n, s]mSn- b cn, sIm®cn, a¶- c n, DW- ° - e - c n, Nm°- c n, sImSp- I ∏m- e - b - c n, Im¿tIm- I n- e - c n, sImغme-cn, sNdp-]p-∂-b-cn, Ge-Øcn, hngm- e cn XpS- ß n- b - h - b n¬ HSp- h nesØ BsdÆw tN¿Øv "Acn- b mdv ' F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. Acn-sb-Øp-I, Acnsb{X ]b-d-™m-gn, Acn-sb-dn-™m¬ Bbncw Im°, Acn-tbm-l-cn, Acn-sh∏p-Im¿, A[n-I-am-bm¬ Acnbpw tNmdpw sIm≈m-Xm-Ipw, Acn-hn-X-®m¬ s\√mIptam?, Acn-°-W°v AΩ-tbm-Spw, Acn°q¨ sIm≠v Bsf hnfn-°-≠m, Acn \ofpw aptº Nndn-\o-sfm-√, Acn-sh®v AS°w h®-Xn-\m¬ AS Np´Xv BsIsb-Sp-Øp, Acn sImgp-Øm¬ Adn-bmØ-b-Ωbpw sh®p-X-cpw., Acn sImSpØv AΩm-hn-ho-´n¬ DÆp-I, Acn \mgn-tbbp≈p F¶nepw ASp- ∏ pI√p aq∂p thWw, AcnaWn-sIm-dn-°m≥ C√m-Øh\pw Xcn-h-f-bn-Sm≥ tamlw, Acn-bn´pw sh®v Dan°p ]nW-ßp-I, Acnbpw Xn∂v G{]n¬ 2014


Bim-cn-®nsb ISn-®n´pw ]´n°v apdp-ap-dp-∏v, Acnbpw Xncnbpw sIm≠p-t]m-tI-≠n-SØv kw_‘w sNø-cp-Xv, Acn-sh®mte tNmdp-≠mIq XpS-ßn-bh \ΩpsS hmsam-gn-sbbpw hc-sam-gnsbbpw Aßs\ Pohn-X-sØ-Ø-s∂bpw kº-∂-am-°p-∂p. tNmdn-\p-ap≠v IY-]-d-bm≥ \qdp-Iq-´w. tNmdnßpw Iqd-ßpw, D≠ tNmdn\v DNnXw Im´p-I, tNm‰n-\p-Iq-´m≥ hni∏v, tNmdn´ ssI°p ISn-°p-I, tNmdn¬ InS-°p∂ Is√-SpØp am‰m≥ hø, tKm]pcw Na-bv°m≥ I√p Npa°mw t]mepw, tNmdn-s√¶n-se-¥n\m Iq´m≥, tNmdv F√ns‚sbS-bn¬ IS∂p IpØpI, tNmdp- s Im- S p- ° - W - s a- ¶ n¬ Abbv ° p sImgp- ° - W w, tNmdp≈ ÿew kz¿Kw, tNmdpw-sIm≠Xm Idn t]mIp-∂p, tNmdp-sh®p ssIsIm-´n-bm¬ Im° Xmt\ hcpw, tNmdp-s≠¶n¬ D∏n- s √¶nepw DÆmw, tNmsdm- S p- ß n- b n- S Øp sIm´, tNm‰n¬ InS-°p∂ Is√-Sp-°m-Ø-h-t\m tN‰n¬ InS-°p∂ Fcp-asb FSp-°p-∂-Xv, XpS-ßn-bh tNmdn\p Iq´p≈ kzmtZdnb Idn-I-fm-Wv.

Rm‰p-th-ebpw s\¬s°m-dn-b\pw Rmdpw C°m-cy-Øn¬ H´pw ]n∂n-e-√. Rm‰-Sn, Rm‰p-I≠w, Rm‰p-th-e, Rm‰p-Im-e, Rm‰p-\n-e, Rm‰p-h-´n, Rm‰p]m´, Rm‰p-]n-Sn, Rm‰p-ap-Sn, Rm‰q-´v, Rmdn-Sp-I, Rmd-e-°p-I, Rmdp-h-en-°p-I, Rmdp-]gp-∏n-°p-I, Rmdp-d-®m¬ tNmdp-d-®p Cßs\ ]Z-ß-fm-bn, {]tbm-K-ß-fm-bn, ssien-I-fmbn Rmdv Pohn-XØn¬ Xfn¿Øp-\n¬°p-∂p. s\√p-ambn _‘-s∏´ ]Z-߃°pw IW-°n-√. s\¬°rjn, s\¬h-b¬, s\¬t°m-gn, s\¬Ø-≠v, s\¬∏-´, s\∑Wn, s\t√m-e, s\¬]-Sn, s\t√m-°v, s\√p-\o-°n, s\√n-S, s\√- c n, s\¬∏- X n¿, s\¬s∏m- c n, s\¬∏p- c , s\¬∏o- e n, s\¬∏-m‰, s\¬∏m-b, s\¬∏m-´w, s\¬∏m-Sw, s\¬∏-en-i, s\¬®q- g n- I , s\¬s°m- d n- b ≥, s\¬°pdn, s\¬°- f w, s\¬°n-fn, s\¬°-cw, s\¬°-Xn¿, s\¬°-®n, Aßs\ hym]n- ° p∂ ]Z- h yq- l w. ssien- I fpw \nc- h - [ n. s\√d s]m∂d, s\√nS sX‰n-bm¬ hn√n-S, s\√n¬ ]Xn-cn-s√∂p hcptam?, s\√n¬ s]bvX ag ]p√nepw s]øpw, s\√p s]menhn\p sImSp-Øn-S-Øp-\n∂v Acn hmbv] hmß-cp-Xv, s\©Øp s\√n-´m¬ ae-cm-Ip-I, s\¬s°m-dnb\p a°-fp-≠m-bm¬ a°fpsS a°-fpw s\¬s°m-dn-b¿, s\√p I≠n-´cn ISw hmßp-I, s\√pw tamcpw In´n-b-Xp-t]m-se, s\√n-t\m-sSm∏w ]p√pw hfcpw, s\√pw ]p√pw ]p√p Xs∂, s\√n¬ Xpcp-ºn-s√∂p hcp-tam, s\√p IpØp∂-h¿°n-dn-bptam I√p t\m-°m≥, s\√cn-sIm-SpØp ]p√cn In´n-bXp \ΩpsS Ime-tZm-jw, s\√nSbv°p hn√n-S, s\√p hmßp-thmfw \ns√s‚ Nph-sc, s\√pw hnØpw tImgn°p t`Z-an-√, s\¬s∏m-Xn-bn¬ ]p° aqjn-Is\-t∏mse... s\√ns‚ aqeyw Aaqeyw F∂v CØcw ssienIƒ hnfw-_cw sNøp-∂p. \ΩpsS {]mNo\ imk\-ß-fnepw \mS≥ ]m´p-I-fnepw {]mNo-\-Ir-Xn-I-fnepw Imhy-Ir-Xn-I-fnepw Hs° \nd-bp∂ A∂hpw Acnbpw tNmdpw Rmdpw s\√pw Irjnbpw F{Xtbm ]T-\-߃°p≈ hnj-b-am-Wv.

G{]n¬ 2014

BZysØ Irjn-°m-c≥ BZn ht≈m-\mb inh≥ Xs∂. ]c-a-in-h-t\mSv ioshm≈n \mcm-b-W≥ \ºq-Xncn Hcp t«mIØn-eqsS Cßs\ A`y¿Yn-°p-∂p! sh≈w, XÆo¿, hr£w, sh¨agp, hc-b-cntXm emcy-hn-Øm-[n-h≥sXm˛ ´pt≈mco \¬°r-jn-t°m-∏p-I-f-cn-In-e[o˛ \Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cnt° ]≈n-∏n-®-bvs°-gp-∂-≈-cpXp ]pc-cnt]m ImSp-sh-´n-sØ-fn-®m˛ sh≈n-°p-∂n¬ Irjn-sN-øpI: ]Wnh-Xn-\p˛ `qX-hrµw kar≤w ]gb Xan- g - I - Ø ns‚ kw`m- h - \ - b mb kwL- k m- l n- X yØnepw ]©- a lmImhy- ß - f nepw F√mw Irjn- b psS amlmflyw h¿Wn°p-∂p-≠v. "Xncp-°p-dƒ' F∂ [¿a-im-kv{X-K-Ÿ-Øn¬ Irjn-°p-th≠n Hc-[ymbw Xs∂ \o°n-sh-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Npg≥dpw G¿∏n∂XpeIw AX- ∂ m¬ Dg¥pw Dgth Xsse F∂mWv Irjn A[ymbw (A-[n-Im-cw) Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv. temI-am-Ip∂ tXcn\v A®m-Wn-bmWv I¿j-I≥ F∂pw Dgp-Xp-Po-hn-°p∂ I¿j-I≥ am{Xta Cu temI-Øn¬ A¥t€msS Pohn-°p-∂p≈q F∂pw Xncp-°p-dƒ ]d-bp-∂p. \‚-pssg-\mSv (\-√-hÆw Dgp∂ \mSv) Bbn-cp∂p \ΩpsS tZiw F∂v imk-\ß - ƒ ]d-bp-∂p. ]gb tIcfw Irjn-bm¬ kar-≤-am-bn-cp∂p F∂pw Dgp-Xp-Po-hn-°p∂ A[zm-\-io-e-cm-bncp∂p \ΩpsS ]q¿hn-I¿ F∂pw Irjn-bn¬ \n∂mWv \ΩpsS kwkvImcw D≠m-bs - X∂pw Cu hgn-bp≈ At\z-jWw \sΩ ]Tn-∏n-I-Ip-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ hb-ep-Iƒ C√m-Xm-bm¬, Irjn C√m-Xm-bm¬ \in-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv \ΩpsS kwkvIm-c-amsW∂pw IqSn DXvIW - vTt- bmsS \mw Adn-bp-∂p.

P\]Yw 49


`cWaebmfw

B¿. inhIpam¿

i-b-hn-\n-a-tbm-]m[n F∂-Xn-ep]cn Ncn-{X-]-c-ambpw kmaq-lnI-ambpw Hcp P\-Xsb CW-°n\n¿Øp∂ LS-I-amWv amXr`mj. `mc-X-Øn¬ hyXy-kvX-ßfmb kaq-l-ß-fpsS `mjbpw kmwkvImcnI aqey- ß fpw `mjm- S n- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ kwÿm-\-ß-ƒ cq]o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v t{]cI-tl-Xp-°f - m-bn-´p-≠v. \ΩpsS tIcfw Hcp cm{„ob kwhn-[m-\-ambn \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xn-\p≈ {][m\ Imc-W-ß-fn-sem∂v, aebm-fn-bpsS kmwkvIm-cnI Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]cn-t—-Za - mb amXr-`m-jX - s - ∂-bm-Wv. AXpsIm-≠p-Xs∂ \ΩpsS P\m-[n-]-Xy-kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ amXr-`m-jbv°pw amXr-`mj-bn-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb `c-W-`m-jbv°pw khn-tij {]m[m-\y-ap-≠v.

B

P\-ß-fpsS `mj `c-W-`mj "`cn-°p-∂-h-cp-sS-b√ `cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-hcpsS `mj-bmWv `c-W-`m-j'. km[m-cW P\-߃°v `c-W-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-Ø-ap-≠mI-W-sa-¶n¬ `c-W-`mj P\-ß-fpsS `mjX-s∂-bm-I-Ww. AXm-bXv tIc-f-Ønse atX-X-c-Xz-Øn\pw ka-`m-h-\bv°pw kaXz- Ø n\pw kmwkv I m- c nI Hu∂XyØn\pw Imc-W-amb amXr-`mj `c-W-cwKØv ]q¿W-ambpw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-tºmtg P\m-[n-]Xyw ]q¿W-amb A¿Y-Øn¬ km[y-am-Ip-I-bp-≈p. 1983 HmK-Ãn¬ hn.Fw. kp[o-c≥ A[y-£-\mb \nb-a-k`m FÃn-ta‰v IΩn‰n ka¿∏n® dnt∏m¿´nse Nne \nco-£-W-߃ amXr-`mj `c-W`m-j-bm-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xns‚ {]k-‡nsb hfsc \∂mbn {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. `cWw P\-߃°p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. AXv P\-ß-fpsS `mj-bn-em-I-Ww. P\m[n]Xy-hy-h-ÿnXnsb Xs∂ A¿Y-]q¿W-am°p-hm≥ CXm-h-iy-hp-am-Wv. P\-ß-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw `c-W-Øn¬ Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øm≥ CXv IqSn-tb-Xo-cp. kzmX{¥yw In´n h¿j߃ ]n∂n-´n´pw C°m-cy-Øn¬ A`n-am\m¿l-amb t\´w ssIh-cn-°m≥ \ap°v Ign-™n-´n-√. BZy-Im-eØv C¥y-bn¬ ]e- b n- S Øpw A[n- I m- c - Ø ns‚ `mj kwkvIr-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cw•o-jp-Im-cpsS B[n-]-Xy-tØmsS `c-W-`mj Cw•o-jmbn. P\-߃°v hi-an-√mØ Hcp `mjbpsS Zpcq- l - X bpw `bhpw BZ- c hpw sIm≠p-Xs∂ ]pI-ad kr„n-t°-≠Xv A∂sØ A[n-Im-cn-h¿K-Øns‚ Bhiy- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Ah- c psS `mj- I fpw AXn\v A\p- t bm- P y- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. C∂v ÿnXn AX-√. `mj Adn-bm\pw Adn-

50 P\]Yw

tIc-f-Ønse `c-W-`mj bn-°m\pw ASp-°m\pap≈ Hcp am[y-aam-W-t√m. amXr-`m-j-bm-Ip-tºmƒ AXv sshIm-cn-I-_‘w IqSn Dƒs°m-≈p-∂p. \ΩpsS P\m-[n-]Xyhyh-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ P\-ß-fpsS `mj-bn¬ `cn-t°-≠Xv P\km- a m- \ y- Ø ns‚ `c- W - Ø n- e p≈ `mK`mKn-Xz-Øn\v Hgn-®p-Iq-Sm≥ hømØ Imcy-am-Wv. `c-W` - mj amXr-`m-jb - m-bmte ]d-bm-\p-≈Xv ]d-bm\pw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm\p-≈Xv Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm\pw km[m-c-W°m-c\v Ign-bq. `c-W-`mj amXr-`m-j-bnem-Ip-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v, tIc-f-Øns‚ ImcyØn¬ as‰- ß p- a p- ≠ m- I m- Ø - h n- [ - Ø n¬ am‰-ß-fp-≠m-Ipw. ae-bmfw \∂mbn Adnbm-hp∂ I¿j-Icpw sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-amWv \ap-°p-≈-Xv. kz¥w Ah-Im-i-ß-sf-°pdn®pw IS-a-I-sf-°p-dn®pw t_m[-ap-≈-hcm-W-h¿. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ `c-W-`m-jmam‰w tIc-f-Øn¬ A`q-X-]q¿h-amb kmaqlnI Ne-\-ß-fp-ap-≠m-°pw. `cW {]{Inb-Iƒ Cw•o-jn¬ ssIImcyw sNø-s∏´m¬ `c-W-\n¿h-l-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Adnhv _lp-`q-cn-]£w P\-ß-fn-te°pw FØn- t ®- c p- I - b n- √ . A\y- ` m- j - b n- e q- s Sbp≈ `cWw aqew hnh-cm-h-Imi \nbahpw hnh- c - k m- t ¶- X nI irwJ- e bpw \¬Ip∂ hnh-c-e-`y-X-t]mepw D]-tbm-Ks∏- S p- Ø m≥ _lp- ` q- c n- ] £w P\߃°pw Ign-bmsX hcpw. AXp-sIm≠v P\-[n-]-Xy-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ `cWw P\-ßfpsS `mj-bn¬ Xs∂-bm-I-Ww.

sFIy-tI-c-f-∏n-d-hnbpw `c-W-`m-jbpw `c-W-Øns‚ F√m Xe-Ønepw aebmfw HutZym-KnI `mj-bm-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂-XmWv tIcf k¿°m-cns‚ {]Jym-]nX

\bw. sFIy-tI-c-f-∏n-d-hn-bpsS H∂mw hm¿jn- I - a m- t Lm- j n- ° p- ∂ - X n\v apºpXs∂ tIc-f-Ønse HutZym-KnI `mj ae-bm-f-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ \S-]-Sn-I-sf-°pdn®v ]Tn®v dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-°m≥ tImam´n¬ ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥ A[y-£-\m-bp≈ Hcp ka-Xnsb k¿°m¿ \ntbm-Kn-®p. 1958 ¬ {]kvXpX kanXn ka¿∏n® dnt∏m¿´v AwKo-Ic - n-°p-Ibpw `mjm-am‰ \S-]SnIfmcw-`n-°p-∂Xv kw_-‘n®v {]mtbm-KnI \S- ] - S n- I ƒ kzoI- c n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ mbn k¿°m¿ Hcp kvs]jy¬ Hm^o-ksd \nb-an-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-tXmsS C°m-cyØn¬ {Ia-{]-hr-≤-amb ]ptcm-K-Xn-bp-≠mbn. XpS¿∂v 1969 ¬ tIcf HutZym-KnI `mj-Iƒ BIvSpw 1973 ¬ AXns‚ t`ZKXn BIv S pw \S- ∏ n- e m- ° n. 1969 se BIvSp-{]-Imcw hnhn[ k¿°m¿ hIp∏p-I-fnepw kzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fnepw s]mXp- t a- J em ÿm]- \ - ß - f nepw aebmfw HutZym-KnI `mj-bm-°n-s°m≠v hn⁄m-]\w ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®n-´p-≠v. \nb-a-]-c-ambn Cw•ojpw kwÿm\sØ \yq\- ] £ `mj- I - f mb Xan- g v , I∂S F∂n- h bpw D]- t bm- K n- t °≠ kml- N - c y- ß - f n- s em- g nsIbp≈ F√m Bh-iy-߃°pw ae-bmfw am{X-ap-]-tbmKn-°pI F∂-XmWv CXn-eqsS e£y-anSp-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv, \yq\-]£ `mj-Iƒ D]- t bm- K n- t °≠ kml- N - c y- ß - f n¬ Ahbpw tI{µ-k¿°m¿, CXc kwÿm\-߃, A\y-cm-Py-߃, sslt°m-S-Xn, kp{]ow tImS-Xn, tI{µ-k¿°m¿ ÿm]\-߃ F∂n-hnS-ßfn-te°v Cw•o-jnepw IØn-S] - m-Sp-Iƒ - \S-Øm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. A{]Imcw CXc `mj-I-fn¬ IØn-S-]m-Sp-Iƒ \S-Øp∂ ^b-ep-I-fnse Ipdn∏p ^b¬

G{]n¬ 2014


\n¿_-‘-ambpw ae-bm-f-Øn-em-bn-cn-t°≠Xpw A{]-Im-c-ap≈ ^b-ep-Isf aebm-f-Øn¬ ssIImcyw sNbvX ^b-epI-fmbn IW-°m-°m-hp-∂-Xp-am-Wv. as‰√m kml- N - c y- ß - f nepw ]q¿W- a mbpw aebmfw D]-tbm-Kn-°-W-sa-∂mWv tIcf HutZymKnI `mj-I-ƒ BIvSv {]Im-c-ap≈ hn⁄m-]\w kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.

tImS-Xn-`mj B[p-\nI P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ ASnØ-dI - f - n-sem-∂mbn \oXn-\ymb hyh-ÿsbbpw tImS-Xn-Is - fbpw \mw IW-°m-°nt∏m-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ \ΩpsS kwÿm-\Øv \oXn-\ymb hyhÿ ]q¿W-ambpw P\m[n-]-Xy-h-XvI-cn-°-s∏-´n-´n-√. AXm-bXv \ΩpsS tImSXn \S-]-Sn-Iƒ amXr-`m-jbmb ae- b m- f - Ø n- e √ F∂- X mWv . Fs¥√mw XS-€-ß-fp-s≠-¶nepw Ahsb√mw XcWw sNbvXv tImS-Xn-`mj aebm-f-am-°p∂ {]{Inb apgp-an-∏n-°msX \nh¿Øn-bn-√m-sb-∂mWv 1985 se PÃnkv sI.-sI. \tc-{µ≥ IΩn‰n \n¿tZ-in-®-Xv. \oXn-tXSn tImS-Xn-bn-se-Øp∂ km[m-cW-°m-c\pw tImS-Xn-\S- ] - S- n-Iƒ°pw at[y \ne-sIm-≈p∂ Ccp-ºp-ad - b - mWv Cw•ojv F∂pw AXp amdn-bmte tImS-Xn-\S- ] - S- nI-fn¬ km[m-cW - ° - m¿°v kl-Ic - n-°m≥ Ign-bpIbp≈q F∂pw IΩn‰n A`n-{]mb-s∏-Sp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. {]kvXpX IΩn-‰n-bpsS \n¿tZ- i - ß ƒ 25 h¿jw Ign- ™ n´pw ]q¿W-ambpw \S-∏n-em-°n-bn-´n-√. tIc-fØnse tImS-Xn-`mj C\nbpw ae-bm-fa - mbn-´n-√. ka¿∏n-°s - ∏-Sp∂ tcJ-Ifpw (tcJ-If - n¬ `qcn-`m-Kh - pw) hnkvXm-cß - fpw aebm-f-Øn-em-bn-cns° hmZhpw hn[nbpw Cw•o-jn-em-Ip-∂Xv icn-b-√. ae-bm-f-Ønep≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ Cw•o-jn¬ hne-bn-cpØ-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw icn-b√ - . CXv km[m-cW P\-ßsf \oXn-\ymb kwhn-[m-\-ßfn¬ \n∂v _lp-Zqcw AI-‰n-\n¿Øp-∂p. kmaqlnI kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw P\-ßfpw XΩnep≈ ASp-∏-amWv P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ aqe-a-{¥w. B¿°p-th-≠n-bmtWm kwhn[m- \ - ß ƒ cq]- I ¬∏\ sNø- s ∏- ´ - X v , BcpsS t]cn-emtWm AXv \ne-\n¿Øs∏-Sp-∂Xv Ahsc AI-‰n-\n¿Øp-∂Xv `cW-LS- \m hncp-≤a - m-sWt∂ ]d-bm-\m-Iq. tIc-fØ - nse tImS-Xn-`mj ae-bm-fa - m°p- ∂ - X n- e p≈ {]Xnk‘n \o°p- ∂ Xn\pw C°m-cy-Øn¬ Bh-iy-amb ]ptcmKXn ssIh-cn-°p-∂X - n-\p-ambn apJy-a{- ¥nbpsS A[y£X-bn-ep≈ Hcp D∂-XX - e kanXn cq]o-I-cn®v {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®n´p-≠v. IqSmsX \nb-a-[z\n F∂-t]-cn¬ Hcp ae-bmf \nba tP¿Wepw \nb-a-i_vZ-tIm-ihpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®Xv C°m-cyØn¬ kao-]-Im-e-Øp-≠mb ]ptcm-KXn shfns∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

G{]n¬ 2014

efn-X-amb `mj Bi- b - h n- \ n- a - b - Ø n- \ p≈ D]m- [ nbmWv `mj. AXv ip≤hpw efn-Xhpw EPphpw IrXy-X-bp-ap-≈-Xm-bm¬ `c-W`mjm kwc-£Ww km[y-am-Ipw. `c-Wcw-KØv eLphmIy-߃°mWv {]m[m\yw \¬tI-≠-Xv. Ae-¶mc`mj Hgn-hm°n P\- ß ƒ°v a\- € n- e m- I p- ∂ - h n- [ - Ø n¬ A¿Y-i-¶-bp-≠m-Im-Ø-co-Xn-bn¬ `mj D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmtg P\m-[n-]Xyw km¿YI-am-Ip-I-bp-≈p. {]Np-c-{]-Nmcw kn≤n® A\y-`m-jm-]-Z-߃°v IrXy-amb ae-bmf-]-Z-an-s√-¶n¬ Ahsb X’-a-ambn D]tbm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ sX‰n- √ . sIm≠pw sImSp- Ø p- a m- W t√m `mj hf- c p- ∂ - X v . s]meokv, Xl-ko¬Zm¿, inc-kvXvZm¿, A≠¿ sk{I- ´ dn XpS- ß nb ]Z- ß ƒ km[m-c-W-°m¿°p-t]mepw a\-€n-em-Ip∂-h-bm-sW-∂n-cns° Ah-bpsS ]cn-`mj A\m-h-iy-am-Wv. AØcw ]Z-ßsf aebmf en]n- b n¬ Fgp- X n- b m¬ Ahsb F√m Xc-Ønepw km[p-hmb ae-bmf]Zambn AwKo-Ic - n-°W - s - a-∂X - mWv k¿°m¿ \bw.

`c-W-`mjm {]iv\-ßfpw ]cn-lm-c-ßfpw `c-W-`m-jm-am-‰-Øn\v XS€w kr„n°p∂ {]iv\-߃ \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. hkvXpX-I-fn-t∑-ep≈ A⁄-X-bmWv CXn¬ {][m-\w. HutZym-KnI `mj ae-bm-f-am°nb hIp-∏n-emWv Xm≥ tkh-\-a-\p-jvTn°p- ∂ - s X∂ Adnhv ]e DtZym- K - ÿ ∑m¿°p-an-√. tIcf k¿°m-cns‚ \nb-ah-Ip∏v Bbn-c-Øn-e-[nIw \nb-a-߃, N´ßƒ, ssI∏pkvX-I-߃ XpS-ßn-b-hbpw HutZym-KnI `mj (\n-b-a-\n¿am-W) IΩnj≥ \nc-h[n tI{µ \nb-a-ßfpw ae-bmf-Øn-te°v ]cn-`m-j-s∏-SpØn {]kn-≤oI-cn-®n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ \nc-¥cw D]-tbmKn-°p∂ \nb-a-߃°v ae-bmf ]cn-`mj-bp-≈-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v \s√m-cp-hn-`mKw DtZym- K - ÿ cpw A⁄- c m- W v . tIcf k¿°m-cns‚ HutZym-KnI `mjm-h-Ip∏v ]pd- s ∏- S p- h n- ® n- ´ p≈ DØ- c - h p- I - s fbpw \n¿tZ-i-ß-sfbpw tIcf `mjm C≥Ãn‰yq-´v, hnhc-˛-s]m-Xp-P\˛k-º¿° hIp∏v XpS-ßnbh {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p≈ `c-W`mjm klm-bI {KŸ-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ Adn-hn-√m-bvabpw \ne-hn-ep-≠v. ae-bmf`mjm ⁄m\-an-√m-bva-bmWv as‰mcp {]iv \ w. tIcf k¿°m¿ k¿hoknse-Øp∂ ae-bm-f-`mjm ]cn⁄m-\a - n-√m-Øh - ¿ s{]mt_-j≥ ]q¿Ønbm-°p-∂X - n\v ae-bmf ]co£ hnP-bn-°W-sa∂ hyhÿ \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂tXmsS `c-W`- m-jm-hym-]\w Xzcn-XK - X - n-bn-em-Ipw. ae-bmf `mjbv°v hmtNm-_-e-an-√, Cw•o-jns‚ cq]-`w-Knbpw ssieo-kp-Jhpw

ae-bm-fØ - n\v In´p-Ib - n-√, Nne Imcy-߃ ae-bm-f-Øn¬ ssIImcyw sNøm-≥ IgnbpI-bn-√, ae-bm-fØ - n¬ ^b-ep-Iƒ FgpXn-bm¬ AXv Cw•ojv ]cn-⁄m\°pd-hpsIm-≠m-sW∂v taep-tZym-Kÿ - ¿ Icp-Xpw, Cw•o-jn\v ]Icw ae-bmfw D]-tbm-Kn-®m¬ IqSp-X¬ Fgp-tX-≠n-hcpw F∂n-ß-s\bp≈ anYym-[m-cW - Iƒ ]e-t∏mgpw `c-W`m-jm-hym-]\ - Ø - n\v XS€w krjvSn-°p-∂p≠v. `c-W`- mj kw_-‘n® Ah-t_m[w hf¿Øn F√m ae-bm-fn-If - p-sSbpw `c-W]-ca - mb Bh-iy-߃ ae-bm-f`- mjm am[ya-Øn-eqsS \nd-th-‰ntb aXn-bm-Iq. k¿°pe-dp-Iƒ, IØp-Iƒ, \n¿tZ-iß - ƒ, DØ-chp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv AXv AwKo-Ic - n-°p∂ DtZym-Kÿ - ≥ {]kvXpX ^b¬/DØ-chv `c-W-`m-j-bnemWv Xbm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≈Xv F∂p-d∏ - p-hc - pØn-bm¬ ]q¿W-amb `c-W`- m-jm-hym-]\w km[y-am-Ipw. in£W \S-]S- n-If - psS A`m-hhpw `cW-`m-jm-hym-]\ - sØ kmc-ambn _m[n-°p∂p- ≠ v . sshb- ‡ n- I - a mb C„m- \ n- „ ߃°p-]c - n-bmbn \nb-ah - m-gvNb - p-≠m-IW - sa∂ kao-]\w DZv`q-Xa - m-bm¬ am{Xta `cW-`m-jbv°v ]ptcm-KX - n-bp-≠m-Ip-Ib - p-≈p. amXr-`mj `c-W`- mj Bbmte hnh-cm-hImi \nbaw t]mep≈ s]mXp-Xm-Xv]cy \nb-aß - f - psS A¥-€Ø kwc-£n-°s - ∏Sp-Ib - p-≈p. amXr-`m-jt- bmSv Iqdp≈ Hcp kaq-lØ - n\p am{Xta \nb-ah - m-gvNm-t_m[- t ØmsS `c- W - ` mjm hym]- \ - Ø n\v i‡n-]-Ic - m≥ Ign-bq. `mjm-am‰ ]ptcmKXn ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂X - n-\mbn hnhn[ hIp∏p-If - nse ]cn-tim-[\m hn`m-Kß - sf NpaX-es - ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw \nbaw ASnt®¬∏n-®p-sIm≠v ]q¿W-ambpw km[n-°mhp-∂I - m-cy-a√ - n-Xv. C°m-cy-Øn¬ sshImcn-Ia - mb kao-]\ - h - p-ap-≠m-IW - w. k¿hokv kwL-S\ - I - f - psS kl-Ic - Ww, am[y-a] - ¶ - mfn-Øw, `c-WI - ¿Øm-°f - psS i‡-amb CSs]-S¬, _lp-P\ - ] - ¶ - m-fnØw F∂n-hb - n-eqsSbpw `c- W - ` m- j m- a m‰w kw_- ‘ n® {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n¬ A`q-X] - q¿h-amb ]ptcmK-Xn-bp-≠m-°m≥ Ign-bpw. tIc-f-Øn¬ k¿°m¿ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ°v D]-bp-‡a - mb `mj ae-bmfw Xs∂bmWv. `c-W`- m-jm-am-‰Ø - n\v XS-€a - mbn ta¬kqNn-∏n®Xpt]m-ep≈ \nc-h[n Imcy-ß-fps≠-¶nepw `mjm-am‰w ]ptcm-KX - n-bpsS ]mXbn¬Ø-s∂-bm-Wv. `c-W-`m-jm-kw-_-‘amb {]Nm-cW/Ah-t_m[ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ hIp∏v Xe-h-∑m¿ Ct∏mƒ {]tXyIw {i≤-sN-ep-Øp-∂p-≠v. k¿°m¿ \S-∏n-em-°n-h-cp∂ `c-W-`mjm h¿jm-tLmj ]cn-]mSn CØcw `mjm-am‰ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°v ]pXpPoh≥ \¬Ip∂p F∂-Xn¬ kwi-ba - n-√.

P\]Yw 51


BtcmKyPohnXw

hn.-Fw.-F. eØo^v

a[p-cn°pw

Btcm-Ky-Zm-bn-\n-Iƒ

]

g-h¿K-ß-fnse ssh‰-an-\p-Ifpw [mXp-°fpw CXc [mXpL- S - I - ß - f p- s ams° Fßs\ tcmK- { ]- X n- t cm- [ - Ø n\v k÷-am-Ip-∂p-sh-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v ]T-\-߃ \S-∂p-I-gn™n-cn-°p-∂p. ]g-߃ Bkz-Zn®p Ign-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w Ah \ap°v Btcm-Kyhpw {]Zm\w sNøp-∂p. ]Øv hyXy-kvX-Xcw ]g-h¿K-ßfpw t]mjI kºØpw:

[mXp-°ƒ kpi-‡-am-Wv. lrZ-b-kw-c-£-W-Øn\v DXIp-∂p. sNdp-a-[p-c-\m-c-ß-bn¬ Im≥k-dns\ sNdp-°p∂ LS-I-ß-fp-≠v. Ico-_n-b≥ Zzo]n-emWv Ch-bsS D¤hw. PetZmjsØ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p∂ LS-I-ap-≠v. Xz°n\v KpW-{]Z-am-Wv. Zl-\{]-{In-bbv°pw hnsi-j-s∏-´-XmWv sNdp-a-[p-c-\m-cß.

Hmd©v

t\{¥-∏gw

Gjy-bn-emWv Hmd-©ns‚ P\-\w. \mcp-I-f-S-ßnb Hmd-©n¬ ssh‰-a≥ kn kpe-`w. {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-amb ]©-

BXy-¥n-I-ambn t\{¥∏gw Hcp "^mÃv ^pUv ' BWv. ssh‰-a≥kv, [mXp°ƒ, Im¿t_m- s slt{U‰vkv XpS-ßn-bh t\{¥∏-g-Øn-ep-≠v. Ip´n-Iƒ°pw inip- ° ƒ°pw t\- { ¥- ∏ - g Øns‚ kØv t]mjIw \¬Ip- ∂ p. im¥- a mb Dd- ° - Ø n\v klm- b - I - a m- I pw. CXnse ssh‰-an≥ _n Du¿P-Zm-b-I-amWv. ssh‰-a≥ knbpw amwK-\okpw CXn-e-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂p. tcmK-{]-Xntcm-[-ti-jnsb h¿[n-∏n-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w lrZ-b-tcmKsØ sNdp- ° p- I bpw c‡- k - Ω ¿Zw Xmgv Ø p- I bpw sNøp∂p.

kmc CXn-ep-≠v. Xzcn-X-K-Xn-bn-ep≈ Du¿Pw {]Zm\w sNøp-∂p. tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm-[-Øn-\v klm-bn-°p∂p.

sNdp-a-[p-c-\m-cß {]mX¬ `£-W-ambn Ch Ign-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. B‚n HmIvkn-U‚pIƒ \ndsbbp≠v. ico-c-Ønse lm\n-I-cß-fmb ]Zm¿Y-ßsf C√mbva sNøp-hm≥ am{Xw CXnse

52 P\]Yw

B∏nƒ Hcp Znhkw Hcv B∏nƒ, tUmŒsd AI-‰p∂p F∂v sNm√v . AkwJyw t]mj- I - ß ƒ Ch- b n- e - S - ß n- b n- c n°p∂p. Zl-\-{In-bbv°v D∂X ÿm\-a-e-¶-cn-°p∂ ]gh¿K- a m- W v . hnjmw- i sØ ZqcoI- c n- ° p- I bpw t]mjG{]n¬ 2014


Øn¬ AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm[ tijn h¿[n-∏n°p-∂Xpw ico-c-Ønse [mXp-X-I-cm-dp-Iƒs°Xnsc {]Xn-tcm[n-°p-∂-Xp-amb aqe-I-߃ amº-g-Øn-ep-≠v. Hm¿a-°p-dhv AI‰p-∂p. ip≤-amb Xz°v, Btcm-Ky-ap≈ izmk-tIm-iw, i‡amb lrZbw XpS-ßn-bh {]Zm\w sNøp-hm-\p≈ -tijn amºg-Øn-ep-≠v. ae-tim-[-\bv°pw Zl-\-{In-bbv°pw amºgw AXypØ-a-am-Wv. CXnse s]m´mkyw c‡-k-Ω¿Zw Ipd-bv°pw.

I°pdhv ]cn-l-cn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp-∂p. Aen-bp-∂Xpw Aenbm-Ø-Xp-amb kºp-jvS-amb \mcp-Iƒ B∏n-fn-ep-≠v. sImfkvt{Smƒ Ipd-bv°p∂p. Im≥k-dns‚ Xo{hX aµo-`-hn-∏n-°pw.

ap¥ncn ho™p ap¥ncn {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ \n∂p e`n- ° p∂ ipNo- I - c W Huj- [ - a m- W v . ae- t im- [ - \ bv ° v DØ-aw. Xzcn-tXm¿Pw \¬Ip-∂Xp- h gn "Hmƒ du≠v ' kwc- £ Whpw \¬Ip- ∂ p. A\o- a n- b , £oWw, B¿ss{X-‰n-kv, shcnt°mkv shbn≥, hmXw XpS-ßnb-hsb {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p∂ Huj[-KpWw ap¥n-cn-bn-ep-≠v. c‡w ip≤o- I - c n- ° p- ∂ - X n\pw Zl- \ Øn\pw klm-bn-°p-∂p. Icƒ, hr° Ch-bpsS {]h¿Ø\-`wKw AI-‰p-hm-\p≈ LS-I-ßfpw ap¥n-cn-bn-e-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

]∏mb amb≥ h¿K-°m¿ Huj-[-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ ]g-h¿KamWv ]∏m-b. Itcm-´n≥ kar-≤-am-bp-≠v. Im≥k-dns‚ Xo{hX Ipd-bv°p-∂-Xn-\p-]p-dsa lrZ-b-tcm-K-Nn-In-’-b°pw Xz°n-ep≠m-Ip∂ sNmdn-®n¬ am‰m\pw DX-Ip-∂p. Zl-\-Øn\v km[yamb ]s∏-bn≥ CXn-e-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. k‘n-th-Z\ eLq-I-

sNdp-\m-cß kn{Skv AS-ßn-bn-´p≈ a‰p ]g-h¿K-ß-sf-t∏mse ssh‰an≥ kn [mcmfw AS-ßn-bn´p≈ C\-amWv sNdp-\m-c-ß. B‚n HmIv k n- U ‚ v LS- I ߃ Ch-bn-ep-≠v. sNdp-\mcß tcmK- { ]- X n- t cm- [ - i ‡nsb Db¿Øp-∂p. apdnhv DW-ßm≥ klm-bn-°p-∂-Xn\p-]p-dsa c‡-[-an-\n-I-fnse `nØn-Isf i‡-am-°p-∂p. ssh‰-a≥ kn AS-ßnb sNdp-\mcß Xz°n\pw tamWbv°pw BtcmKyw {]Zm\w sNøp∂p.

ssIX-®° CXv cpNn-{]-Zhpw t]mjI-k-ºp-jvS-hp-amb ]g-h¿Ksa∂ \ne-bv°v Btcm-Ky-Zmb- \ n- b m- W v. Zl- \ - { In- b bv°p≈ Zo]-\-ckw th≠{X-bp-≠v. ico-c-Xm]w {Iao-Icn-°p-∂p. ho°w, apg F∂nhbv ° v ia- \ u- j - [ - a m- W v . ssIX-®° C¥y-bn¬ ]ucm-Wn-I-ambn Hcp Huj-[-ambn D]tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. ssh‰-an≥ kn, amwK-\okv F∂nh AS-ßn-bncn-°p-∂p.

amºgw h-fsc Ipd®v ]g-ß-fn¬ am{X-a-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂ ssh‰-an≥ C, B‚n HmIvkn-U‚pIƒ, ssh‰-an≥ kn F∂nh amº-gG{]n¬ 2014

cn-°m\pw apdn-hp-W-ßm\pw klm-bn-°p∂p. Ip´n-I-fnse aq{Xmi-b-tcm-K-߃°v DØ-a-am-Wv. \mcp≈ ]g-h¿K-am-b-Xn-\m¬ sImf-kvt{Sm-fns‚ Afhv Ipd-bv°p∂p.

amX-f-\m-cß Znh-khpw Hcp •mkv amX-f\ - m-cß - m-\ocv IpSn-°p∂- X n- e qsS lrt{Zm- K w, Im≥k¿, HmÃn-tbm B¿ss{X-‰nkv F∂o tcmKm-hÿ-Iƒ°v ia\w kn≤n°pw. CXn¬ B‚ n HmIvkn-U≥kv [mcm-f-ap≠v . CXnse aqe- L - S - I ߃ Xz°ns\ bph-Xz-ap-≈-Xm°n kq£n-°p-∂p. kqcym-LmX-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ kwc-£Ww km[n-°p-∂p. ssh‰-an≥ _n, _n2 F∂n-hbpw kq£vamWp-°ƒ°v FXn-cmbn {]h¿Øn°p∂ aqe-I-ßfpw Cu ]g-h¿K-Øn-ep-≠v. Z¥-ß-fn¬ amen\y-߃ _m[n-°msX XS-bp-∂p.

P\]Yw 53


hnjp

sI. t{]a-N-{µ≥ \mb¿

""GXp [qk-c-k-¶¬∏-ß-fn¬ hf¿∂mepw GXp b{¥-hXv-IrX temI-Øn¬ ]pe¿∂mepw a\-€n-ep-≠m-hs´ {Kma-Øn≥ hnip-≤nbpw a-Whpw aa-Xbpw CØn-c-ns°m-∂-∏qhpw''

]qØp-e-bs´ IWn-s°m-∂-°mew Whpw aa- X - b p- a mWv {Kma- Ø ns‚ hnip-≤nsb∂v sshtem-∏n-≈n-bpsS IhnX ]d-bp∂p. "hnjphw' F∂ kwkvIr-X-]-Z-Øn¬ \n∂mWv hnjp F∂ hm°p-≠m-b-Xv. Xpeym-h-ÿtbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXv F∂mWv AXns‚ A¿Yw. hnjp F∂m¬ Xpey- X . ]Iepw cm{Xnbpw Xpey-ambn hcp∂ Znh-k-amWv taS-am-k-Ønse hnjp. kar≤nbpw kam[m- \ hpw ka- X zhpw {]Xo- £ - t bm- s S, `‡n-tbmsS BtLm-jn-°p∂ ]hn-{XZn\w IqSn- b mWv hnjp. hnjphns\ kw_-‘n®v \nc-h[n sFXn-ly-߃ \ne-hn-ep-≠v. hfsc ]pcm-X\Imew apX¬ ae-bmf- ° - c - b nepw Xangv ˛ Xpfp- \ m- S p- I - f nepw

a

54 P\]Yw

hnjp BtLm-jn-®p-t]m-∂n-cp-∂p. "]Xn‰p-∏Øv' F∂ IrXn-bn¬ hnjp BtLmj- s Ø- ° p- d n®v hnh- c n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . hnjp ]pXp-h¿jm-cw-`-Zn\-ambpw BtLm-jn-°mdp- ≠ v . ]pXp- h ¿j- Z n- \ - a mb taSw H∂v , F∂m¬ ]n¬°m- e Øv HmW- Ø n\v {]m[m\yw h¿[n- ® - t XmsS Nnß- a mksØ ]pXp-h¿jm-cw-`-ambn KWn-®p. hnjp- h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´ [mcmfw BNm- c m- \ p- j v T m- \ - ß - f p- ≠ v . AXn¬ {][m\w hnjp-°-Wn, hnjp-ss°-\o-´w, hnjp- ^ ew ]d- b ¬, hnjp- k Zy ChbmWv. hnjp-Z-n\-Øn¬ BZyw ImWp-∂XmWv hnjp-°-Wn. tX®p-an-\p-°nb Hm´pX-fn-I-bn¬ Ae-°nb Ik-hp-ap-≠p-hncn®v , IWn- s h- ≈ - c n, hm¬°- Æ m- S n, sh‰ne, ]m°v, N°, amß, ]g-߃ Ch

sh®v \ne-hn-f°v Ing-t°m´p IØn-®psh®v {ioIr- j v W - h n- { Klw Ae- ¶ - c n®v IWn-s°m-∂-∏q-ame Nm¿Øn-bmWv IWnsbm-cp-°p-∂-Xv. hnjp-hn-s\-∏‰n BZyw Hm¿a-bn-seØp-∂Xv IWn-s°m-∂-bm-Wv. sIm∂∏q hnjp-°m-eØv tIc-f-Øn-seßpw ]qØpe-™p-\n¬°p-∂Xv \b-\m-\-µ-I-c-amb Hcp ImgvN-bm-Wv. I¿Wn-Im-cw F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ IWn-s°m-∂-I-fn¬ hncnbp∂ a™- ∏ q- ° - f mWv tIc- f - Ø ns‚ kwÿm\ ]pjv]-hpw.

hnjp-hn-`-h-߃ hnjp-hn-`-h-ß-fn¬ {][m\w ]gpØ hcn-°-®-°-bm-Wv. ]ns∂ N° Fcn-t»cn, hdp-ØXv XpS-ßn-b-h. ]ps∂-√ns‚ Acn thhn- ® Xv PocIw tN¿Øv h‰n- ® mWv hnjp-°´ D≠m-°p-∂-Xv. hnjp-°-´bv°v a[p-ctam, Dt∏m D≠m-In-√. i¿°-c-∏m\n- t bm, aØ\pw ]bdpw sIm≠p≈ Idntbm tN¿Øp-I-gn-°m-dmWv ]Xn-hv. Xriq¿°m¿°v hnjp-°´ \n¿_-‘-am-Wv. ]ns∂ kZy- b n¬ amº- g - ∏ p- f n- t »- c nbpw \n¿_-‘-am-Wv. Nne-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ I™n kZy-bm-bn-cn-°pw. hnjp-Zn-hkw N°bv°v ]\kw F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. ap≥Im-eß-fn¬ hnjp BtLmjw Bcw-`n-°p∂Xv Krl-\m-Y≥ ]\kw sh´p-∂-tXmsS-bm-Wv. hn`-h-ß-fn¬ {][m\w N° Fcn-t»-cn-bm-Wv. G{]n¬ 2014

JANAPATHAM 2014 APRIL  

MALAYALAM, KERALA STATE

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