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1 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥


2 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Title : Author: Publishers :

Kathirunna pravachakan Kodampuzha Bava Musliyar Islamic publishing bureau (ipb) students centre, kozhikode -4 Ph: 9744400733 IPB First edition : November 2013 Cover : Zakariya.T


3 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥ tImSºpg _mh apkvenbm¿

CkvemanIv ]ªn-jnwKv _yqtdm ÃpU‚ vkv sk‚¿, tImgn-t°mSv˛4


4 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ImØn-cn-∏ns‚ Z¿i\w Xncp-\-_n-°p-th-≠n-bp≈ ImØn-cn-∏ns‚ Ncn-{Xhpw Z¿i-\-hp-amWv "ImØn-cp∂ {]hm-N-I≥.' dkq-ep-√mlv ˛ ssZh-Zq-X≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ Xncp-\-_nbpsS aln-X-amb hy‡n-XzsØ \∂mbn t{]mPz-en-∏n-°p∂-XmWv ]q¿Δ-th-Z-ß-fnse Zo¿L-Z¿i-\-߃. Hcp hnπh-\m-b-I≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ apØv\_n(-kz)sb Npcp-°pIbpw Xncp-Z¿i-\-߃ A°m-e-tØ°v A\p-tbmPyw F∂ \ne-bn¬ hcn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ hni-I-e\w sNbvXv Ckvem-ans\ Xs∂ A]q¿W-am-°n-°m-Wm≥ Hcp-sº-SpIbpw sNøp∂ Nn¥mhn-]-cy-b-߃°n-S-bn¬ "ImØn-cp∂ {]hm-N-I≥' Ckvem-ans‚ ]£Øp \n∂p≈ ]gp-X-S® ka¿∞\w Xs∂-bmbn amdpw F∂v {]Xo-£-bp-≠v. Cu ]pkvXIw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øn\v hn´p-X∂ tImSºpg _mh apkven-bm¿, CXp Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ D’m-ln-®h¿, hmb-\-°m¿ F√m-h¿°pw \∑-bm-bn-cn-°-s´. Ub-d-IvS¿ Ckvem-anIv ]ªn-jnwKv _yqtdm


5 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

D≈S°w ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI-≥ / 7 \q-lv \-_n(A)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-h-N\w / 8 C-_v-dmlow \_n (k)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ ap-∂-dn-bn∏v / 10 aq-km-\_n (A)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w / 11 Cukm \-_n(A) sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w / 13 aplΩ-Zv \-_n (k)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w / 14 "Zkm-Øo-dn's‚ {]-hN\w / 15 `hn-jy ]p-cm-W-Øn-se tem-I Kpcp / 17 ]mdm-\n-se tPym-Xn v / 21 Bh¿-Ø-\ ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-¬ / 24 s]-cnIv-ssf-‰-kn-s‚ s]m-cp-ƒ / 27 b-i-bm-hn-s‚ kp-hn-ti-jw / 29 _-¿\-_m-kv ss_-_n-fn-¬ / 32 {]Xo£n-X {]-hm-N-I-s\-°p-dn-®p hn-kv-a-b-P-\-Iam-sbm-c-`n-apJw / 33 sIm-Xn®-Xp hn-[n-®n-√ / 35 _lo-dm-bp-sS hn-cp∂v / 36 N-Xp-¿-an-{X-ß-fp-sS k-Xym-t\zjWw / 39 km-l-kn-Icm-b k-Xym-t\z-jnI-ƒ / 41 ba≥ N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS ]n-∑m‰w / 47 \kv-Xq-dm-bpsS k-Xy-km£yw / 49 h-d-J-Øn-s‚ Aw-Ko-Imcw / 51 A-±m-kv Xr-∏m-Zw Npw-_n-°p∂p / 53 \-÷m-in kv-Xp-Xn-®p-]mSn / 55 ]m-Xn-cn-am-¿ I-Æo-¿ XqIn / 57 tN-em-I-¿-Ω-Øn-s‚ N-{I-h-¿Øn / 58 lndm-¢n-b-kn-s\ hn-d-sIm-≈n-® en-JnXw / 60 A-[n-Im-c-Øn-\p th-≠n kXyw I-søm-gn®p / 64 C-_v-\p-¬ lø-_m-s‚ DZv-t_m[\w / 65 Pq-X a-lm]-fin-X-¿ C-kv-em-an-te°v / 67 F-¶n-¬ A-bm-ƒ {]-hm-N-I-\mWv / 69 {]m-¿-∞-\-bv-°n-√, Pn-kvb Xcmw / 71 PqX-∑m-cp-sS H-fn-®pIfn / 74 t\-Xm-hn-s‚ A-t¥ym-]-tZiw / 75


6 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Dt]m-Zv-LmXw k-Xy-hn-izm-k-am-Wv C-kv-em-an-s‚ A-kv-Xn-hmcw. A-Xn-s‚ B-hn-¿-`m-h-amI-s´ ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n (k)bp-sS {]-hm-N-I-Xz-Ønep-≈ Zr-V-hn-izm-kamWv. B -hn-izmk-Øn-\v Nm-©-eyw kw-`-hn®m-¬ hy-‡n-bpsS Cu-am-\n\pw C-kveman\pw ssi-Yneyw kw-`hn-°pw. Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb tIh-ew H-cp P-\\mb-It\m, km-ap-Zmbn-I ]-cn-jv-I-¿-Ømthm B-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-®Xp-sIm-≠p-am{Xw C-kvemanI ZrjvSym, H-cm-ƒ k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-bm-Ib - n-√. Aß-s\ \-_n(k)sb A-ap-kv-enw-Ifm-b ]-e kv-Xp-Xn-]m-T-Icpw hn-e-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´p≠v. {]-hm-N-I-Xzw, A-√m-lp Ah-s‚ hn-in-„ Zm-k-≥-am≥-°p I\n-t™-Ip-∂ ]-c-tam-∂-X ÿm-\-amWv. H-cp {]-hm-N-I-≥ F-∂ \ne-bn-em-Wv \_n (k) cw-K-Øp-h-∂Xpw hn-iz-hn-{ip-X-\m-b-Xpw. A-°mcyw A-\n-tj-[yam-b A-kwJyw Zr-„m-¥-ß-fn-eq-sS sX-fnbn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. Zr-„m-¥-ß-ƒ \n-ch-[n im-J-I-fm-bn \n-esIm-≈p∂p. A-hbn-sem-cp im-J-bm-Wv `-hn-jy-¬ Im-cy-ß-sf-°pdn-®p Xn-cp-ta-\n \-S-Øn-b {]-h-N-\ß-ƒ. a-s‰m-cp im-J-bm-Wv Xn-cpta-\n-sb-°p-dn-®p ]q-¿-Δ-th-Z-ß-fn-¬ h-∂n-´p-≈ Zo-¿-L-Z-¿-i-\߃. H-∂ma-sØ im-J-bn-te-°v sh-fn-®w ho-in-s°m≠v "A-¥y{]-hm-N-I-cp-sS {]-h-N-\ß-ƒ' F-∂ ]p-kv-XIw F-gp-Xn {]-kn-≤oI-cn-®-Xn-\p ti-jw c≠mw im-J-bn-¬ {]-th-in-°-W-sa-∂m-{K-ln®p. B-{K-lw ]q-h-Wn-bm-≥ A¬-]w ssh-In-sb-¶nepw sNdn-b co-Xnbn-¬ k-^-eo-I-cn-°m-≥ A-√m-lp k-lm-bn®p. Fgp-Xn-°-gn-™-t∏m-ƒ, A-∂v \n-e-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ A-¬ ap_md-Iv F-∂ hm-cn-I-bn-¬ Jfi-ix {]-kn-≤o-I-cn®p. A-Xp k-aml-cn®p H-cp ]p-kv-X-I-am-bn A-Sn-®n-d-°-W-sa-∂v ]-ecpw B-h-iys∏´p. Aß-s\ A-Xn-\p ]p-kv-X-I cq-]w \-¬In. {]-Y-a {]-km-[-\Øn-\v ]-´n-°m-Sv Pm-an-Ax \q-cn-øx Ad-_n tIm-tf-Pv hn-Zym¿-∞n kw-LS- \ - bm-b \q-dp-¬ De-am kv‰ - p-U‚ - k v- v A-tkm-kn-tb-j\ - v 1985¬ \-¬-In-bn-cp∂p. C-t∏m-ƒ A-Xn-s‚ ]-cn-jv-I-cn® tIm∏n, {]-km-[\-Øn-\m-bn Ckvem-anIv ]ªn-jnwKv _yqtdm°v \¬Ip-I-bm-Wv. cN-bn-Xm-hn\pw A-\p-hm-N-I-¿-°pw, {]-km-[-I-¿-°pw, a-‰p km-lm-bnI-ƒ°pw Cu {i-aw A-√m-lp H-cp ]m-c-{Xn-I \n-[n-bm-°n-Ø-cp-amdm-°-s´˛B-ao≥. tIm-S-ºp-g _m-h ap-kven-bm¿


7 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI-≥ temI-Øp kw-`-hn-°m-\n-cn-°p-∂ hen-b kw-`-h-ß-sf-°pdn®p, P-\-߃-°v A-√m-lp ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v \-¬-Im-dp≠v. A-Xv k-am-KX-am-Ip-tºm-ƒ \-√-sX-¶n-¬ k-¿-Δfl-\m A-Xv kzo-I-cn-°p-hm-\pw, No-Ø-sb-¶n-¬ k-¿Δ-Ym A-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p Pm{K-X ]m-en-°p-hm\pw Cu ap-∂-dnbn∏v k-lm-b-I-am-Ipw. ap-≥-[mc-W, B-I-kv-an-I-X C√mbv-a sN-øpw. `q-an-bn-¬ `o-I-c-Xmfi-hw \-S-Øp-∂ G-‰hpw henb H-cp \m-i-Im-cn-bmWv Z-÷m¬. tem-I-h-km-\-tØm-S-SpØm-Wv Ah-s‚ cw-K-{]-th-iw. "B-Zw kr-„n-°-s∏-´-Xp ap-X¬ tem-Ihkm-\w h-sc Z-÷m-en-t\-°m-ƒ Kp-cp-X-cam-b H-cp Im-cy-hp-an-s√∂v' d-kq-ep-≈mln(k) {]-kv-Xm-hn-®n-´p-≠v. (ap-kv-enw 2946). Cu \m-iIm-cn-sb-°p-dn-®v ]n¬Im-e {]-hm-N-I-∑m-sc√mw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p \¬In-bn-´p≠v. \-_n-Xn-cp-ta\n(k) ]-d-bp-∂p. "Z-÷m-en-s\-°p-dn-®v ap∂-dn-bn-∏v \-¬-Im-Ø H-cp {]-hm-N-I-\pw, \qlv \-_n-°p ti-jw D≠m-bn-´n-√' (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv 4756, Xp-¿-ap-Zn 2234) Z-÷m-¬ H-cp-Zm-lcWw am-{Xw. a-‰p ]-e h-≥-`-hn-jy-Øp-I-sf-°p-dn®pw {]-hm-N-I-∑m-¿ ap-tJ-\tbm a-‰p Znhy-⁄m-\n-I-ƒ ap-tJ-\tbm A-√m-lp ap-∂-dnbn-∏p \-¬-In-bn-´p≠v. a-\p-jy-cm-in-°v A-\p-{K-l-am-bn-´p-≈ a-lm kw-`-h-ß-sf-°pdn®-pw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p-I-ƒ [m-cm-f-am-bn D-≠m-bn-´p≠v. Cu A-\p{K-l kw-`-h-ß-fn-¬ G-‰hpw {]-[m-\-s∏-´-Xm-Wv {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS B-Ka\w. hen-b {]-hm-N-I-∑m-sc-°p-dn-s®√mw ap-≥-{]-hm-N-I-∑m-¿ ap-∂dn-bn-∏p \-¬-In-b-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. C-Xv {]-hm-N-I-sc-°p-dn-®v k-Xym-


8 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

t\z-jn-Iƒ-°v hy-‡am-b Im-gv-N-∏m-Sv D-≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v hf-sc klm-b-I-am-Ip∂p. G-Xm\pw D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-ƒ \-ap-°n-hn-sS hm-bn°mw.

\q-lv \-_n(A)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN - \w BZn-a a-\p-jy\pw {]-Y-a {]-hm-N-I-\p-am-b B-Zw \-_n(A) A-h-¿-Iƒ-°p ti-jw h-∂ {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cn-¬ G-‰hpw {]-[m-\-s∏-´h-cm-Wv \qlv, C-_vdm-low, aqkm, Cukm, ap-lΩ-Zv ap-kvX^m(k) F-∂nh-¿. N-cn{Xw D-gp-Xp-a-dn-®-h-cm-Wnh-¿. i-{Xp-°-fp-am-bp-≈ BZ¿i kw-L-´-\-Øn-¬ G-‰hpw hen-b Xym-Kw hcn-t°-≠n- h-∂-hcm-Wnh-¿. C-h-cp-sS Im-e-ß-fn-em-Wv k-ºq-¿-W i-coA-Øv ]-cn-jvIc-Ww \-S-∂-Xpw. Xym-K-Øn-epw, k-l-\-Øn-epw ssÿ-cy-Ønepw A-Xp-ey-cm-bn-cp-∂p Ch-¿. AXp-sIm-≠p Xs∂ "D-ep-¬ A-kvav' AY-hm \n-›-b-Zm-¿-Vy-Øn-s‚ D-S-a-I-ƒ F-∂ t]-cn-em-Wv C-h-¿ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. Cu ]-© -in-tcm-a-Wn-I-fn-temtcm t]-sc-°p-dn®pw ap-≥ {]-hm-N-I-∑m-¿ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p \-¬-In-bn-cp∂p. C-h-cn-¬ {]-Y-am-K-X-≥ \q-lv \_n(A) A-h-¿-I-fm-W-t√m. \q-lv \_n(A)sb-°p-dn-®pw A-h-cp-sS Im-e-Øp-≠m-b Xzq-^m-≥ F-∂ P-e-a-lm-{]-f-b-sØ-°p-dn®pw B-Zw(A) X-s‚ k-¥m-\-߃°p ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v \-¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. am-{Xa-√, {]f-bw h-∂m-¬ X-s‚ i-co-cw F-Sp-Øv \q-lv \-_n(A)bp-sS I-∏-en-¬ I-b-‰n kw-c-£n°-Wsa-∂pw {]-f-bm-\¥-cw X-s‚ i-co-cw Xm-≥ ]-d™p-sIm-SpØ H-cnS-Øv J-_-d-S-°-W-sa∂pw X-s‚ k-¥m\-ß-tfm-Sv hknøXv sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. (C-_v-\p I-ko-¿: Jkz-kp-¬ A-ºn-bm t]. 396) B-Zw \_n(A)sb J-_-d-S-°-s∏-´-Xv X-s‚ A-h-X-c-Wÿm\-Øm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂ A-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv {]-_ew. kz¿-K-temI-Øv \n∂v `u-an-Im-K-a-ap-≠m-b-t∏m-ƒ B-Zy-am-bn Imep-Ip-Ønb-Xv {io-e-¶bn-se H-cp ]-¿-Δ-X-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p. Cu ]-¿Δ-Xw C-∂v Adam's Peak F-∂ t]-cn-¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂p. {io-e-¶-bp-sS ]q-¿-h \m-aw kntem-¨ F-∂pw, Ad-_n \m-aw k-d-μo-]v F-∂p-am-bn-cp∂p. B-Zwkv]o-°n-s\ A-d-_n-I-ƒ JnΩ-Øp B-Zw F-∂p hn-fn-°p-∂p. (A-¬ h-d-JmØv 1˛2) ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ h-knø-Xv B-Zw k-¥-Xn-I-ƒ ]-c-º-cm-K-X-am-bn


9 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ssI-am-dn-h∂p. P-\-ß-ƒ {Ita-W A-‘-hn-izm-kn-Ifpw A-[-¿-an-Ifp-am-bn amdn. X-Zv-ka-bw P-\ß-sf Xu-lo-Zn-te-°pw [-¿-Ω-Ønte°pw £-Wn-°p-∂-Xn\pw \-bn-°p-∂-Xn\pw \n-bp-‡cm-b {]hm-NI - \ - m-Wv \qlv(A). _lp-ssZ-hh - n-izm-kn-If - n-te-°v \n-bp-‡\mb {]-Y-a {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv \q-lv(A). AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv A-t±lw "{]-Y-a {]-hm-NI-≥' F-∂ t]-cn-¬ {]-kn-≤-\m-bXv. F-∂m-¬ BZw, iokv(A) F-∂n-h-¿ hn-izm-kn-Iƒ-°v hn-[n-hn-e-°p-I-ƒ ]-Tn-∏n-°phm-≥ \n-bp-‡cm-b \-_n-am-cm-bn-cp-∂p. (\n-_v-dmkv: lm-inb-Øp i-¿-ln-¬ A-JmC-Zv t]. 275) Zo¿-Lm-bp-jv-am\m-b \qlvv \_n(A)s‚ 950 h¿-jw \o-≠p\n-∂ \nc-¥-c {]-t_m-[\w, [n-°m-cn-Ifm-b P-\-ß-ƒ A-h-K-Wn®p X-≈p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. \n-cm-I-c-W˛Xn-c-kv-I-c-W˛_-ln-jv-I-cW-ß-ƒ am-{X-am-Wv A-h-cp-sS `m-K-Øp-\n-∂p-≠m-bXv. a\w-s\m-¥v \q-lv(A) {]m-¿-Yn®p. A-√m-lp Ah-sc `uXn-I in£-°v h-n-t[-bcm-°n. A-Xm-Wv Xzq-^m-≥ F-∂ P-e-a-lm-{]-fbw. \q-lv \_n(A) A-h¿ - I - fpw F¨-]t- Xm-fw h-cp-∂ hn-izm-kn-Ifm-b A-\p-bm-bn-Ifpw I-∏-en-¬ c-£-{]m-]n®p. {]-f-b k-ab-Øv B-Zw \-_n-bp-sS hn-ip≤ i-co-cw I-∏-en-¬ Ib-‰n kw-c-£n®p. {]f-bw A-h-km-\n®p. I∏-¬ I-c-bv-°-W™p. C-\n hn-ip-≤ i-co-cw J-_-d-S-°Ww. h-μy]n-Xm-hv h-kn-ø-Xv- sN-bv-XnS-Øv sIm≠p-t]m-bn J-_-d-S-°m-≥ \qlv \-_n(A) X-s‚ ]p-{X-∑m-tcm-Sv ]-d™p. `q-an-bn-se-hn-sS-bpw G-Im-¥ `o-Ic - X - b - mWv. "Cu `o-Ic - X-°v im-¥n-\¬ - I - m-≥ F-hn-sSbpw H-cp a-\p-jy-\p-an-√'. ]p-{X-∑m-¿ X-ß-fp-sS \-n -lm-b-X sh-fn-s∏Sp-Øn. ]n-Xm-hv ho≠pw {]-tNmZ-\w \-¬In. X-s‚ `uXn-I P-UØn-s‚ J-_-dS-°w G-s‰-Sp-°p-∂-h¿-°v Zo-¿-Lm-bp- v \-¬-I-W-sa∂v B-Zw \-_n(A) {]m-¿-∞n-®n-´p-s≠-∂v \qlvv \_n(A) ]-d™p. ]--t£ X¬k-ab-Øv A-tßm-´v t]m-Im-≥ A-h-¿ `-b-s∏´p. AXpsIm≠v "hn-ip-≤ PUw' A-tX ]-Sn A-h-¿ kq-£n-®p t]m∂p. Ah-km-\w Jnf-¿(A) B D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Øw G-s‰-SpØp. B-√m-lp hm-KvZ-Øw \n-d-th‰n. AXp-sIm-≠v Jn-f-¿(A) Zo-¿-Lm-bp-jv-am-\mbn. (A-¬ _n-Zmb-Øp h-∂n-lm-b: 1:133) BZ-an(A)s‚ s]-´-IØn-¬ l-Δm Iq-Sn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw C-cp-h-sc-bp ss_-Øp-¬ a-Jv-Zn-kn-em-Wv J-_-d-S-°n-b-sX∂pw {]-kn-≤ N-cn-{X-Im-c\m-b C-


10 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

_v-\p-P-co-¿ Xz-_vcn- D-≤-cn-®n-´p-≠v. (Ibid 1:134)

C-_d-v mlow \_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ ap-∂d- n-bn∏v {]-hm-N-I-cn-¬ A-Xp-ey-Xym-KnIfmb sF-h-cn-¬ Zzn-Xo-b-≥ C_vv-dm-low \_n(A)bm-W-t√m. Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb-°p-dn®pw P-\-\-Øn\p ap-ºv X-s∂ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p-I-ƒ \-S-∂n-´p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. _n kn 19˛mw \q-‰m-≠n-¬ C-dm-Jn-se _m_n-tem-Wn-¬ \w-dq-Zv F-∂ [n°m-cn `c-Ww \-S-Øn-bn-cp∂p. sI-´n-S-ß-ƒ ]-Sp-Øp-b-¿-Øp-Ibpw \-Kc - ß - ƒ - kw-hn-[m-\n-°p-Ibpw {Km-aß - ƒ - A-`n-hr-≤n-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw \-Zn-I-ƒ B-h-iym-\p-km-cw Ip-gn-°p-Ibpw hr-£-ß-ƒ th≠-{X \´p-]n-Sn-∏n-°p-Ibpw `q-K-¿-`-P-ehpw J-\n-P-ßfpw J\-\w sNbvXp ]p-d-sØ-Sp-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp-sIm-≠v \m-KcnI-cX ssI-h-cn-® H-cp cm-P-hw-i-Øn-se Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p \w-dq-Zv cm-Pm-hv. (a-kv-DuZn: ap-dqPp-±-l_v 1:218) {]-P-I-ƒ hn-{K-lm-cm-[-I-cm-bn-cp∂p. cm-Pm-hm-Is´, Xm-\m-Wv ssZ-hw F-∂ hm-Z-Øn-ep-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu A-‘-hn-izm-kØn\pw A-[-¿-Ω-Øn-\p-sa-Xn-sc sh-√p-hn-fn-bp-b-¿-Øn, Xu-lo-Zn\pw [-¿-Ω-Øn\pw \o-Xn°pw th-≠n i-–-ap-b¿-Øn, _m-_n-tem-Wnepw a-‰p-cm-Py-ß-fnepw k-ss[cyw {]-t_m[-\w \-S-Øp-∂ H-cp {]-hmNI-s\ \n-tbm-Kn-°m-≥ A-√m-lp Xo-cp-am-\n®p. Xo-cp-am-\w bm-Zr›n-I-a-s√∂ t]m-se {]-hm-N-I-s‚ B-K-a-\hpw bmZr-›n-I-am-bncp-∂n-√. A-Xp-kw-_-‘-am-bn b-Ym-]q¿Δw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p-I-fp-≠mbn. hnh-cw sIm-´m-c-tPm-’y-∑m-cp-sS sN-hnbnseØn. X-ß-sf-sb√mw hn-Uv-Vn-I-fm-°p-I-bpw X-ß-fp-sS \n-e-hn-ep≈ B-cm-[-\I-sf \n-cm-I-cn-°p-Ip-bw sN-øp-∂ H-cp in-ip-hn-s‚ P\-\w k-am-K-X-am-bn-´p-s≠-∂v _m_n-tem-Wn-se tPm-’y-∑m-¿ cm-Pmhn-t\m-Sv ]-d-™p. cm-Pm-hv Xma-kw hn-\m D-Ø-c-hn-´p. "B-¨ in-ip-°-sf-sb√mw h-[n-°p-I, s]-¨-Ip-´nI-sf A-h-ti-jn-∏n-°pI' (Xz-_vcn: Xm-co-Jp-¬ Da-an h-¬ ap-eq-Iv 1:234) cmP-tk-h-I-¿ D-Øc-hp \-S-∏n-em-°p-∂-Xn-¬ hym-]r-X-cmbn. D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Øw B-flm-¿-∞-am-bn \n-¿-h-ln®p. B-Wm-bn ]n-d-∂ H-cp in-ip-hn-s\-bpw Ah-¿ h-[n-°m-sX hn-´n-√. s]-¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS am{Xw \m-Sm-bn cm-Pyw amdn. ]-t£ cm-Pm-hn-s‚ e£yw k-^-e-ambn-√. G-sXm-cp in-ip-sh-°p-dn®mtWm A-bm-ƒ Pm-{K-X-]m-en®-Xv


11 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

B- in-ip P-\n-®p h-fcp-I X-s∂ sN-bv-Xp. l-kvd-Øv C-_v-dmlow \-_n-bm-bn-cp-∂p B hn-in-„ inip. am-Xm-hv c-l-ky-am-bn H-cnSØv {]-k-hn®p. A-√m-lp c-l-ky-am-bn Ip-´n-sb h-f-¿Øn. \w-dq-Zv N-{I-h¿-Øn B-i-¶n®-Xp kw-`-hn®p. A-[-¿-Ω-Øn\pw hn-{Klm-cm[-\-°p-sa-Xn-sc C-_v-dmlow \_n(A) k-‘n-bn-√m ka-cw \-SØn. _m_n-tem-Wn-¬ am-{Xa-√, l-¿-dm-\nepw ^-e-kv-Xo-\nepw Cu-Pn]vX - n-epw A-t±-lw B-Z¿ - i - ] - S- t- bm-´w \-SØn. C-_vd - mlow \_n(A) {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS ]n-Xm-hm-bn A-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂p. Im-cWw, ]n-¬Ime {]-hm-N-I-sc√mw k-am-K-X-amb-Xv A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ k-¥m-\-]-cº-c-bn-emWv.

aq-km-\_n(A)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w C-—m-i-‡n-bnepw \n-›-b-Zm-¿-Vy-Ønepw {]-Y-a-K-W-\o-bcmb {]hm-NI]-©-Øn-¬ Xr-Xo-bm-K-X-≥ aq-km\-_n(A)bmWv. Ah-sc-°p-dn®pw ap-∂-dn-bn∏pw hn-fw-_-c-hp-ap-≠m-bn-´p≠v. C-_v-dmlow \_n(A) X-s‚ k¥m-\ ]-c-º-c-bn-¬ H-cp hn-in-„ _m-e-≥ P-\n°p-sa∂-pw, B _me-s‚ ssI°v Cu-Pn-]v-Xv N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS hn\m-iw kw-`-hn-°p-sa∂pw {]-hN-\w \-S-Øp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Cu {]-hN\w, C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-¿ ]-c-º-cm-K-X-am-bn ssI-am-dn-t∏m-∂p. C-_vdmlow \_n(A) X-s‚ k-l-[-¿-an-Wn km-dm _o-hn-sb-bp-ambn Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-¬ sN-∂-t∏mƒ, Cu-Pn-]v-Xv cm-Pm-hv AXo-h ku-μ-cyØn-‚ D-S-abm-b km-dm _o-hn-sb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm-≥ {i-an-°p-Ibpw C-_vdmlow \_n(A)bp-sS {]m¿-∞-\ ^-e-am-bn km-dsb, Ah-s‚ DZy-a-Øn-¬ \n-∂v, A-√m-lp c-£-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. X-Z-h-k-cam-Wv A-t±-lw {]-kvXp-X {]-h-N-\w \-S-Øn-bXv. C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-¿°n-S-bn-¬ {]-kn-≤am-b Cu kp-hn-tijw Cu-Pn-]v-Xv \n-hm-kn-Ifmb Jn-_v-Xzn-I-ƒ A-dn-bm-\n-S-bmbn. A-h-¿-°n-S-bn-¬ A-Xv N-¿-®bmbn. hnh-cw cm-Pmhm-b ^n-¿-Hu-\n-s‚ sN-hn-bn-se-Øn. A-bmfp-sS D-tZym-K-ÿcpw ssk-\n-I-Ø-e-h-cpw cm-P-k-Z- n-¬ t\cwt]m-°n-te-¿-s∏´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ, Cu hnj-bw A-bm-fp-sS {i-≤-bn-¬s]-Sp-Øp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. (C-_v-\p I-ko-¿: Jkz-kp-¬ A-ºnbm: t] 267) C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-cn-¬ P-\n-°p-∂ H-cp _m-e-≥ X-s‚ hn-\m-i-


12 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Øn-\v Im-c-W-am-Ip-sa-∂-dn-™-tXmsS, ^n-¿-Hu-≥ N-{I-h¿-Øn Akz-ÿ-\mbn. D-S-s\ ]-cn-lm-cw I-s≠Øn. B Ip-´n-bp-sS P-\-\Øn-\p X-S-bn-SWw. C-kv-dm-Cu-¬ Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ C-\n H-cm-¨-Ip™pw ]n-d-°m-\-\p-h-Zn-°-cpXv. Xma-kw hn-\m A-h-≥ I-ev-]\ sImSp-Øp. C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-cn-¬ P-\n-°p-∂ B-¨-Ip-™pß-sf ap-gp-h-≥ h-[n-°Ww. cm-P-I-ev]-\ X-Sp-°m-≥ A-hn-sS F-Xn-¿-i-‡n-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. C-kv-dm-Cu-eo ]p-{X-∑m-¿ \n-jv-I-cp-Ww Adp-sIm-e-sNø-s∏-´p. hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ ]-d-bp-∂p: Xo-¿-®-bm-bpw, ^n-¿-Hu-≥, s]mß-®w Im-Wn®p. \m-´p-Imsc, Ah-≥, hnhn-[ hn-`m-K-ß-fm-°nØo-¿-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-h-cn-¬ H-cp hn-`m-KsØ, A-h-cp-sS B¨-a°-sf Adp-sIm-e sN-bvXpw A-h-cp-sS s]-¨-a°-sf Po-hn-°m\-\p-h-Zn-®pw, Zp-¿-_-e-cm-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p, A-h-≥ Xo-¿-®-bmbpw \mi-Im-cn-I-fn-¬ s]-´-h-\m-bn-cp-∂p. (28:4) ]o-Un-Xcm-b C-kv-dm-Cu-ey¿-°v hn-tamN-\w \-¬In. Ah-sc D-b-n¿-sØ-gp-t∂-¬-]n-°p-hm\pw ^n-¿-Hu-≥ {]`r-XnIsf ]m-Tw ]Tn-∏n-°p-hm\pw k-¿-thm]-cn A-h-scsb√mw k-∑m-¿-K-Øn-te-°p £-Wn-°p-hm\pw th-≠n-bmWv Cu {]-hNn-X _m-e-≥ P-\n-°p-∂Xv. ^n-¿-Hu-\n-s‚bpw A-\p-bm-bn-I-fp-sSbpw F-√m {i-a-ßfpw hn-^-eam-°n-s°m-≠v A-¤p-X-I-cam-b hn-[-Øn-¬ B- _m-e-\p A-√m-lp P-∑w \-¬In. ^n-¿-Hu-\n-s‚ sIm-´m-c-Øn-¬ Xs∂ B A-¤p-X _me-s\ A-√m-lp h-f-¿-Øn, {]-hm-N-IXzw \-¬In. ^n-¿-Hu-\n-s‚ A-\p-bm-bn-I-fp-sS k-I-e F-Xn-¿-∏p-I-sfbpw Xc-Ww sN-bvXp-sIm≠v a-X{]-t_m[-\w Xp-S-¿-∂p. A-h-km-\w C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-sc A-Sna-Xz-Øn-¬ \n∂pw A-[-a-Xz-Øn-¬ \n∂pw tam-Nn-∏n-®p. ^n-¿-Hu-\ns\bpw A-\p-bm-bn-I-sfbpw A-√m-lp \-Zn-bn-¬ ap-°n \-in-∏n-°p∂ cw-K-Øn\p km£yw h-ln®p. Cu {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv aq-km(A). C-_v-dmlow \_n(A) ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p \-¬In-b C-kv-dm-Cu-eo ZqX-≥. hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ ]-d-bp∂p: ""cm-Py-Øv A-Sn-®-a-¿-Ø-s∏-´ Zp-¿-_e¿-°v A-\p-{K-lw sN-øp-hm\pw Ah-sc t\-Xm-°f - m-°p-hm\pw Ahsc cm-Py-Øn-s‚ A-\-¥-cm-h-Im-in-I-fm-°phm\pw D-t±-in-°p-I-bmbn-cp∂p \mw. am-{Xa-√, `q-an-bn-¬ A-h¿-°v kzm-[o-\w \-¬-Ip-hm\pw, ^n-¿-Hu-\pw lm-am-\pw A-h-cp-sS ssk-\y-ß-ƒ°pw A-h-¿ B-i-¶n-®p Pm{K-X ]p-e-¿-Øn-b Imcyw Im-Wn®p-sIm-Sp-°p-hm\pw


13 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

D-t±-in-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p \mw. (28:5˛6)

Cukm \-_n(A) sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w {]-hm-N-I-cn-¬ G-‰hpw hn-in-„cm-b ]-©in-tcm-a-Wn-I-fn-¬ \m-em-a-≥ l-kvdØv Cukm(A)amWv. Cu-km \_n(A)sb-°pdn®pw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p-I-fp-≠-m-bn-cp∂p. aq-km \_n(A)s‚ {]-hN-\w ss_-_n-ƒ ]-g-b \n-b-a-Øn-¬ C-ß-s\ hm-bn-°mw. "ssZ-h ]p-cp-j\mb tam-si a-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p apºv, C-kv-dmCu-¬ P\-sØ Cß-s\ A-\p-{K-ln-®p. A-bm-ƒ ]-d™p: I-¿-Ømhv ko-\m-bn-¬ \n-∂p h∂p, tk-bo-dn-¬ h-®p \-Ωp-sS ta-¬ D-Zn®p, ]m-dm-≥ ]-¿-h-X-Øn-¬ A-h-≥ {]-Im-in-®p.' (B-h-¿-Ø-\w 33:2) aqkm \-_n(A)°p ko-\m-bn-¬ sh®pw Cu-km \-_n(A) tk-bo-cn¬ sh®pw ap-l-Ω-Zv \-_n(k)°p ]m-dm-≥ a-e-bn-¬ (AY-hm a-°mbn-se ln-dm-bn-¬) sh®pw Zn-hy k-tμ-i-ß-ƒ \-¬-I-s∏-´-Xn-s\°p-dn-®m-Wv C-hn-sS ]-cm-a-¿iw. Cu-km \-_n°pw ap-lΩ-Zv \_n°pw `m-hn-bn-¬ e-`n-°m≥ t]m-Ip-∂ {]-hm-N-I-Xz-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ {]-h-N-\-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. (ko-d: l-e-_nø: 1:248) Cu-km \_n(A)\p {]-hm-N-I-Xzhpw th-Z-{K-Ÿhpw e-`n®-Xv tk-bo-cn-¬ \n∂m-bn-cp∂p. C-°mcyw Im-te-°q-´n aq-km \_n(A) {]-Jym]-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xm-Wv \m-an-hn-sS Im-Wp-∂Xv. C-Xp kw-_-‘n-® hn-i-ZoIc-Ww A-\y-{X-h-cp-∂p≠v. Cu-km \-_n(A)s‚ P-\\w, ]n-Xm-hn-√m-sX-bp-≈ A¤pX P-\-\-am-bn-cp∂p. C-Xn-¬ A-kw-`-hy-X-sbm-∂p-an-√. Im-cWw, BZn-a a-\p-jy\m-b BZw(A) ]n-Xm-hn-√m-sX-bm-Wt√m P-\n-®Xv. F-∂n-cp-∂mepw C-Xv A-Xy-]q-¿-Δam-b H-cp hn-kv-a-b-am-W-t√m. AXv B-I-kv-an-I-am-bn- kw-`-hn-°p-tºm-ƒ am-Xmhm-b a-¿-b-an-\p kw-{`aw kw-`-hn-°m-Xn-cn-°m-≥ th-≠n X-\n-°v A-Xn-hn-in-„\m-b Hcp¤p-X in-ip P-\n-°p-sa∂v, I-cp-Wm-hm-cn-[nbm-b A-√m-lp kphn-ti-j-a-dn-bn-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. am-{Xa-√, B in-iphn\v `m-hn-bn-¬ th-Z-⁄m-\hpw {]-hm-N-I-Xzhpw \-¬-Ip-sa∂pw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v \-¬Ip-Ibp-≠mbn. hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ ]-d-bp∂p: "a-e-°p-I-ƒ ]-d-™ k-μ-¿`w! Hm, a-¿bw! Xo-¿-®-bm-bpw A-√m-lp \n\-°v Ah-s‚ ]-°¬ \n-∂p-≈ H-cp h-N-\-sØ∏-‰n k-t¥m-j-hm-¿-Ø A-dn-bn-°p∂p.


14 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ \maw "A-¬ a-kolv Cu-k-_v-\p a-¿bw' F-∂mIp∂p. A-t±-lw C-l-Ønepw ]-c-Ønepw ÿm-\-ap-≈-h-\pw, A√m-lp-hn-¶-¬ km-ao]yw kn-≤n-®-h-cn-¬ s]-´-h-\p-am-bn-cn-°pw. sXm´n-en-em-bn-cn-°p-tºm-gpw, a-[y-h-b-kv-I-\m-bn-cn-°p-tºmgpw A-t±-lw P\-ß-tfm-Sv kw-km-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. k-Zvhr-Ø-cn-¬-s∏-´ B-fp-am-Ip∂p A-t±-lw.' a¿-bw tNm-Zn®p: F-s‚ c-£n-Xmth, F-s∂ H-cp a\p-jy\pw kv-]-¿-in-®n-´n-s√-∂n-cn-s°, F-ß-s\-bm-Wv H-cp Ip-´n-bp≠mhpI?!. A-√m-lp ]-d™p: Imcyw Aß-s\ X-s∂-bm-Wv A√m-lp D-t±-in-®Xv. A√-lp D-t±-in-®-Xv A-h-≥ kr-„n-°p∂p. A-h≥ H-cp Imcyw Xo-cp-am-\n-®p I-gn-™m-¬ AXn-t\mSv 'D-≠mhp-I'sb∂p ]-d-bp-I-am-{X-am-Wv A-h-≥ sN-øp-∂Xv. A-t∏m-ƒ A-Xv D-≠mIp∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-\v th-Z-{K-Ÿhpw ⁄m-\hpw Xu-dm-Øpw C©oepw A-h-≥ ]-Tn-∏n-°pw. C-kv-dm-Cu-¬ k-¥-Xn-I-fn-te-°v A-t±lsØ {]-hm-NI - \ - mbn A-h≥ - \n-tbm-Kn-°p-Ib - pw sN-øpw. (3:45˛49)

aplΩ-Zv \-_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]-hN\w ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k) A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-\pw (33:40) tem-I-{]-hmN-I-\pw (21:107) km-¿-Δ-P\o-\ {]-hm-N-I-\pw (34:28, 7:158) B-sW∂p hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ {]-Jym-]n-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p X-s∂ Xncp-ta-\n a-\p-jy-Ip-e-Øn-s‚ t\-Xm-hpw (ap-kv-enw 2278) G-‰-hp-a-[nIw A-\p-bm-bn-I-fp-≈ {]-hm-N-I-\pw (ap-kv-enw 331) k-I-e {]-hm-NI-∑m-cp-sSbpw \m-b-I\pw (Zm-cn-an 49) BIp∂p. a-‰p {]ap-J {]-hmN-I-∑m-sc-°p-dn-s®√mw ap-≥-Iq-´n {]-h-N-\-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p-s≠-∂p hcp-tºm-ƒ A-h-cp-sS-sb√mw t\-Xmhpw tem-I {]-hm-N-I-\pam-b aplΩ-Zv \_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®p A-Xn-hn-]p-ehpw A-Xn-{]-i-kv-X-hpamb {]-h-N-\-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂ Im-cy-Øn-¬ k-tμ-lan-√. A-Xn-\p a-Xnbm-b sX-fn-hp-I-ƒ hn-hn-[ th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ C∂pw Po-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p≠v. At∏mƒ A{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bn A-h-Xo-¿-Æcm-b {]-hm-N-I-\√ aq-lΩ-Zv \-_n(k). A-hn-Sp-sØ B-K-a-\-Øn-\p ap-ºpX-s∂ tem-I-{]-hm-N-I-≥ h-cp∂psh-∂ hr-Øm-¥w tem-I-Øn-ep-S-\o-fw hn-fw_-cw sN-ø-s∏-´n-cp∂p. th-Z-]-fin-X-∑m-cp-sS I-Wv-T-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂m-bn-cp-∂p tem-Iw C-Xv {i-hn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xv.


15 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

B a-lm-]p-cpj-s‚ B-Ka-\w A-Sp-Øp-h-cp-t¥mdpw tem-IØn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-¬ a-X-]-fin-Xcpw thZ]p-tcm-ln-Xcpw A-t±l-sØ A-t\z-jn®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p. B-bnS-°v a-°-bn-¬ H-ckm-[m-c-W in-ip-P-\n®p. {]-hm-NI-Xz e-œn-°p-ap-ºv A-t±l-sØ I-≠ ]q-¿-Δth-Z ]-fin-X-¿ C-Xv A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\m-sW∂p B-W-bn´p. A-t±-lw P-\-ß-fp-sS I-Æn-ep-Æn-bmbn. k-Zv-Kp-Wk-º-∂-\m-bn h-f-¿-∂p-h∂p. \m-ev-]-Xp-h-b- mbn. {]-hm-N-IXzw e-`n®p. ]s£, Xm-≥ {]-hm-N-I-\m-sW-∂v A-t±-lw tem-I-tØm-Sv ]-d-™n√. AXn-\p ap-ºp A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ap-J-Øp-t\m°n, a-X]ptcm-ln-X-¿ Xm-¶-ƒ A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\m-bn-°-gn-™p F∂p {]-kv-Xm-hn-®n-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂p Pq-X˛{In-kvXo-b ]p-tcm-l-X-cn¬ ]-ecpw Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb tX-Sn-Ønc-™p h-cn-Ibpw hn-iz-kn-°pIbpw sN-bvXp. ap-l-Ω-Zv Xn-cp-ta-\n(k) X-s‚ {]-hm-NI-Xz kw-ÿm-]-\-Øn\m-bn A-t\-Iw A-am-\pjn-I Zr-„m-¥ß-ƒ Im-Wn®n-´p≠v. A-Xnep-]cn, Xn-cp-ta-\n {]-hNn-X {]-hm-N-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. tem-Iw Im-Øncp-∂ Zq-X-\pw. A-XmWv Cu Ir-Xn-bn-¬ k-a-¿-∞n-°p-∂Xv. Xp-S-¿∂p-h-cp-∂ A-≤ym-b-ß-fn-se D-≤-c-Wn-I-fn-¬ ]-eXpw kzX-{¥ hnh-¿-Ø-\-ß-fmWv. {_m-bv-°-‰p-I-fp-sS _m-lpeyw H-gn-hm-°m-\pw, I-Y-I-ƒ kw-t£-]n-°m\pw h-kv-Xp-X-I-ƒ Iq-Sp-X-¬ kp-{Km-ly-am°m-\p-am-Wv C-{]-Im-cw sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈Xv.

"Zkm-Øo-dn's‚ {]-hN\w ]p-cm-X-\ a-X-ßfn-sem-∂m-Wv a-Pq-kn a-Xw. Cu ]m¿-kn aXØns‚ -t\-Xmhm-b kp-c-Zp-„-≥ F-∂ a-lm-≥ G-I-ssZ-h-hn-izmk {]-Nm-c-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. ]t£, A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-\p-bm-bn-Imfm-b t]-¿-jy-°m-¿ Im-e-{I-a-Øn-¬ A-·n-bm-cm-[-I-cm-bn A-[x-]-Xn®p. X-s‚ k-ap-Zmb-Øn-\v ]n-¬-°me-Øv kw-`n-hn-°p-∂ A-t[m-K-Xn-sb-°p-dn-®pw, XZ-hk-cw A-td-_y-bn-¬ {]-Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ tem-tIm-≤m-c-I\m-b aplΩ-Zv \-_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®pw kp-c-Zp-„-≥ hy-‡-am-bn {]-hN-\w \-S-Øn-bn-´p≠v. ]m-¿-kn-I-fp-sS {]mNo-\ th-Z-{K-Ÿ-am-b "Z-km-Øo-¿' B {]-hN-\w C-{]-Im-cw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p.


16 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

"t]-¿-jy-°m-¿ km-∑m-¿-Kn-Ihpw [m-¿-Ωn-I-hp-am-bn A-[x-]-Xn°p-tºm-ƒ A-td-_y-bn-¬ H-cp hy-‡n Pm-X-\m-Ipw. A-t±-l-Øns‚ A\p-N-c-∑m-¿ ]m-¿-knI-sf Io-g-S-°pw. ]m¿-kn cm-PysØ hn{ip-X-sc√mw ]-cm-P-nX-cm-Ipw. A-hn-sS ÿm-]n-X-am-bXpw A-t\Iw hn-{K-l-ß-ƒ {]Xn-jv-Tn-°-s∏-´-Xpam-b tZ-hm-e-b-Øn-¬ \n-∂v hn-{K-l߃ [zw-kn-°-∏-Spw... P-\-ß-ƒ {]-kvXp-X a-μnc-sØ A-`nap-Jo-I-cn-®p {]m-¿∞-\ \-S-Øpw. ]m-¿-kn-I-fp-sS \-K-cn-Ifm-b a-Zmbn-≥, Xq-kv, _¬-Jv F-∂n-h-bpw A-b-¬ tZ-i-ßfpw A-h-¿ P-bn-®S-°pw. _p-≤n-am-∑m-¿ A-h-cp-sS Iq-sS tN-cpw' (Z-km-Øo-¿: A-≤ymbw 14) (Mohamed in Wold scriptures. Page 47) Zkm-Øo-dn-s‚ D≤r-X hm-Iy-ß-fn-¬ B-dp Im-cy-ß-fm-Wv Zo¿-L-Z-¿i-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈Xv. H∂v, t]-¿-jy-°m-¿ Im-e-{Ita-W km∑m-¿-Kn-I-ambpw [m-¿-Ωn-I-ambpw A-[x-]-Xn-°pw. c≠v, X-Z-hk-cw A-td-_y-bn-¬ H-cp {]-hm-N-I-≥ P-\n-°pw. aq∂v, Ad-_n {]-hm-NIs‚ A-\p-bm-bn-I-ƒ t]-¿-jy-°m-sc A-Xn-P-bn-®v t]-¿-jy Io-g-S°pw. \mev, A-t±-lw A-td-_y-bn-se I-A-_m-e-b-Øn-se _nw_ß-sf ap-gp-h-≥ [zw-kn-®v A-Xn-s\ ip-≤o-I-cn-°pw. A-©v, A-t±l-Øn-s‚ {]-t_m-[-\ ^-e-am-bn P-\-ß-ƒ I-A_-sb A-`n-ap-JoI-cn-®p {]¿-Y-\ \-S-Øpw. Bdv, _p-≤n-am-≥-amcm-b B-fp-I-ƒ A-t±l-Øn-s‚ {]-ÿm-\-Øn-¬ Aw-K-ß-fm-Ipw. aplΩ-Zv \_(k)bp-sS P-\-\-Øn-\v A-t\-I-kw-h-’-c-߃-°p-ap-ºv Po-hn-®p-a-cn-® kp-c-Zp-„-cp-sS {]-hN -- -\-Øn-se B-dp h-kvXp-X-Ifpw hy-‡-am-bn ]p-e¿-∂p I-gn-™p. ]m-¿-kn-I-ƒ _lp-ssZh-Xz-hpw, Zp-cm-Nm-c-ßfpw h-gn ]q-¿-Æ-ambpw A-[x-]-Xn-®p. X-Zvthf A-td-_y-bn-¬ ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n(k) Pm-X-\mbn. A-t±-l-Øn-\v {]hm-N-IXzw e-`n®p. _nw-_m-cm-[m-\°pw X-÷-\y-am-b A-[m-¿ΩnI {]-h-W-X-I-ƒ-°p-sa-Xnsc "hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿B-≥' B-bp-[-am-°n AS-cmSn. an-{X-ß-sfm-s° i-{Xp-°-fmbn. A-h-km-\w B-Z-¿-i-Øn-\pth-≠n \m-Sp hn´p. A√pw ]-I-epw, {]-t_m[-\w Xp-S-¿∂p. C-kvemw h-f-¿∂p i-‡n-bm-¿-÷n®p. klr-Z-bcm-b k-Xym-t\z-jn-I-sfm-s° ap-kv-enw-I-fm-bn. ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw A-\p-bm-bn-I-tfm-Sv Iq-Sn a-°m hn-Pb-kp-Zn-\w \-_n(k) ho≠pw A-hn-sS {]-th-in®p. am-Xr-cm-Pyw Pbn-®-S°n. "a-°m hn-P-b-Znh-kw \-_n(k) A--hn-sS {]-th-in-®-t∏m-


17 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ƒ I-A-_m-bp-sS ]-cn-kc-Øv ap-∂q-‰n A-º-Xv _nw-_-ß-fp-≠m-bncp-∂p. Xn-cp-ta-\n X-ß-fp-sS I-øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ hSn-sIm-≠v Ahsb Ip-Øp-Ibpw C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-bp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. "k-Xyw k-am-KX-ambn, A-kXyw A-¥-¿-[m-\w sN-bvXp. A-kXyw \n-e-\n-¬-∏n√mØ-Xv X-s∂, \n-›-bw kXyw h∂p, A-k-Xyw C-\n B-h-¿Øn-°n-√. A-Xv Xn-cn-®p h-cn-I-bp-an-√.' (_p-Jmcn, ap-kvenw). AtXm-sS Hmtcm _n-w-_hpw ap-Jw Ip-Øn hoWp. A-{]-Im-cw k-I-e _nw-_-ß-fp-sS A-cn-sIbpw \_n(k) \-S-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. (Xz-_vdm\n, ss_-l-Jn). A-ß-s\ I-A-_m-eb-sØ F-s∂-t∂-°p-ambn Xn-cp-ta-\n ip-≤o-I-cn®p. "I-A-_m'bn-te-°v Xn-cn-™p \n-kv-I-cn-°m-≥ A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ B-⁄-{]-Im-cw \-_n(k) k-ap-Zmb-sØ B-lzm-\w sN-bvXp. temI-ap-kv-en-Iƒ -kI-ew XZ\p-km-cw C-∂pw Cu tI-{μ-sØ e-£yam-°n {]m-¿-∞-\ \-S-Øp∂p. Cu tem-I-tØm-Sv bm-{X-]-d-bp-∂-Xn\p ap-ºv \_n(k) A-td-_y-bn-¬ H-cp am-Xr-Im cm{„w ÿm-]n-®p. X-s‚ A-\p-bm-bn-I-ƒ A-Xp Iq-Sp-X-¬ hn-kv-Xr-X-am°n. A-h-cp-sS ssP-{X-bm-{X-bn-¬ t]-¿-jy-≥ km-{amPyw \n-ew-]-Xn®p. c≠mw Jeo^ D-a-¿(d)hn-s‚ `-c-W-Ime-Øv ap-kv-enw-I-ƒ t]¿-jy P-bn-®-S°n. C-kv-em-an-s‚ sh-∂n-s°m-Sn A-hn-sS ]m-dn-∏-d∂p. A-hn-Sp-sØ _p≤n-am-∑m-¿ ap-gp-h-≥ ap-kv-enw-I-fm-bn amdn. "t]-¿-jy-≥' N-{I-h¿-Øn b-kv-Zv-Pp-¿-Pn-s‚ aI-sf \-_n-bp-sS ]u-{X-≥ l-k-≥(d) hn-hm-lw I-gn-®p. (an-¿-Jm-Øv 5:224) C-Xn-¬ \n-s∂√mw Z-km-Øo-¿ {]h-Nn® {]-hm-NI-≥, A-td-_y-≥ tP-Xm-hv tem-IK - p-cphm-b ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n(k) X-s∂-bm-sW-∂v kq-cy-{]-Im-iw t]m-se kv-]-„-am-bn-cn-°p∂p.

`hn-jy ]p-cm-WØ - n-se tem-I Kpcp ln-μp-a-X ]p-cm-W-ß-fn-¬ hf-sc {]-kn-≤-am-Wv hym-k-ap-\nbp-sS `-hn-jyx-]p-cmWw. Cu {K-Ÿ-Øn-¬ A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I\m-b aplΩ-Zv(k)bpsS Ducpw t]cpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚-bpw A-\p-bm-bn-Ifp-tSbpw e-£-W-ßfpw ap-≥-Iq-´n kv-]-„-am-bn {]-h-Nn-°-s∏-´n-cn°p∂p. G-X-kv-an-∂¥-tc tæ-— B-Nm-tcy-W k-a-\znX:


18 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

a-lm-a-Z C-Xn-JymX; in-jyim-Jm k-a-\znXw. (`-hnjy: ]p-cmWw. ]-¿-Δw 3 Im-fiw 3 A-≤ym-bw 3 iv-tfmIw 5) "B k-μ-¿-`-Øn-¬ a-lma-Zv F-∂ \m-a-Øn¬ tem-I Kp-cp-sh∂v ÿm-\-t∏-cp-≈ H-cp hn-tZ-in X-s‚ A-\p-N-c∑m-tcm-Sp-Iq-Sn {]Xy-£-s∏-Spw.' \r-]mt›-h a-lmtZ-h a-cp-ÿ-e \n-hm-kn\w Kw-Km-P-sse-iv-N kwkv-t\m-]yw ]-©K-hy k-a-\zn-X Nw-Z-\m-Zn `n-¿-`y¿Ny Xp-„-h-a-\ kmlcw t`m-Pcm-P C]m-N \-akv-sX Kn-cn-P-\m-Ym a-cp-ÿ-e \n-hm-kn\w {Xn-]p-cm-kp-c-\mi-b˛ _-lp-am-bm {]-h-¿-Øn\w avtfssO Kp-]vXm-b ip≤m-b k-®n-Zm-\-μ cq-]nsW Xzw-am-ln In¶-cw hn≤n i-c-Wm-¿-∞-a-]mK-Xw (Ibid iv-tfm-Iw: 6˛8) "At∏m-ƒ t`m-P-cm-Pm-hv Kw-KmP-ew sIm≠pw ]-©-Khyw sIm≠pw kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-cp-`q-an \n-hm-knbmb B a-lm ssZ-hZqX-\v \n-jv-I-f-¶ `‡n-tbm-sS ]mcn-tXm-jn-I-ß-ƒ Im-gv-N-sh-°pI--bpw h-en-b B-Zc-hv {]-Z-¿-in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp-sIm-≠v ]-dbpw: A-√-tbm a-\p-jy-cm-in-bp-sS A-`n-am-\am-b ap-cp-`q-\n-hm-ko! Aß-sb Rm-≥ h-μn-°p∂p. ]n-im-Nn-s\ \n-{K-ln-°m-\m-bn Xm-¶ƒ a-lØm-sbm-cp i-‡n kw-`-cn-®n-´p≠v. i-{Xp-°-fn-¬ \n-s∂√mw Xm-¶-ƒ kp-c-£n-X-\m-bn-cn-°p∂p. A-√tbm k-®n-Zm-\-μ kz-cq-]-ta, Rm-≥ A-ß-bp-sS Ffn-b Zm-k-\mWv. A-ß-bp-sS ]m-Z-N-c-Wß-fn-¬ A-Sn-]-Wn-bp-∂ Cu-bp-≈h-s\ kzo-I-cn-®p A-\p-{K-lo-®mepw.'


19 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

enw-K-tO-Zn in-Jm-lo\: iv-a-{ip-[m-cn k-Zqj-I D®m-e ]o-k-¿-Δ`£o `-hn-jy XnP-\-tamw hn-\-Iui-ew N-h-ikvsXm jmw-`-£-bm-a-Xmamw aq-ksse ss\-h-kwkvImcw: Ip-ssi-cn-`-h hn-jyXn X-kv-am-∑p k-e-h-t¥mln Pm-Xtbm [-¿-Ω-[qjI: C-Xn ss]im-N [-¿Ω-› `-hn-jy-Xn a-bm-IrX: (Ibid iv-tfm-Iw: 27˛28) "At±-lhpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-\p-bm-bn-Ifpw enw-K-tO-Z-I¿-Ωw (tN-em-I¿Ωw AY-hm kp-∂-Øv) sN-bv-Xn-cn-°pw. A-h-¿ XmSn h-f-¿-Øpw, X-e-bn-¬ IpSp-a sh-°p-I-bn-√. A-h-¿ hn-π-h-Im-cnIfpw {]m-¿-∞n-°m-≥ A-Xyp-®-Øn-¬ D-Zv-tLm-jn-°p-∂-h-cp-am-bn-cn°pw. A-h-¿ ]-∂n-sb H-gn-®p a-‰p ar-K-ß-sf `-£n-°pw. Z¿`∏p-√v D-]-tbm-Kn-®p ip-≤n-Ie-iw h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p ]I-cw A-h¿ ssZ-h-am-¿-§-Øn-¬ kacw sN-bv-Xp hn-ip-≤-cm-Ipw. aX-sØ a-en-\-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-h-¿-s°-Xnsc Dd-®p \n-¬-°p-∂-h-cm-I-bm-¬ Ah-¿ ap-k-sse (ap-kvenw) F-∂ t]-cn-¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Spw. Cu amw-k`p-°p-I-fp-sS a-X-Øn-s‚ B-cw`w F-∂n-¬ \n-∂m-bn-cn-°pw. (D-≤mcWw ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n-sb ]-cn-N-b-s∏Sp-I F-∂ Ir-Xn-bn-¬ \n∂v) Cu {]-h-N-\-Øn-¬, hym-k-a-l¿-jn tem-I-Kp-cphm-b {]-hmNI-s‚ {]-I-Sam-b ]-Øv e-£-W-ß-ƒ hn-h-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p≠v. H∂v: A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-¿ a-lma-Zv F-∂mWv. c-≠v: A-t±-lw tem-I-Øn\m-kI-ew Kp-cp-hm-Ip∂p. aq∂v: A-t±-lw C-¥y-°m-c\-√; hn-tZ-inbmWv. \mev: A-t±-lw a-cp-`q-\n-hm-kn-bmWv. A©v; A-t±-l-hpw A-\p-bm-bn-Ifpw tN-em-I¿-Ωw \-S-Øpw. Bdv: A-h-¿ Xm-Sn h-f-¿Øp-Ibpw IpSp-a D-t]-£n-°p-I-bpw sN-øpw. Ggv: A-h-¿ {]m-¿-∞n°m-≥ D-®-Øn-¬ D-Zv-tLm-jn-°pw. (\n-kv-I-cn-°p-hm-≥ _m-¶v hn-fn°pw) F-´v: A-h-¿ A-k-Xy-Øn\pw A-\o-Xn-°p-sa-Xn-sc [-¿-Ω-k-a-


20 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

cw \-S-Øp-∂-h-cm-Wv. H-ºXv: A-h-¿ am-kw `-£n-°p-∂-h-cmWv. ]Øv: A-h-¿ ap-k-sse (ap-kv-enwI-ƒ) F-∂ t]-cn-¬ A-dn-b-s∏Spw. ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n(k)bnepw A-hn-Sp-sØ A-\p-bm-bn-I-fnepw am-{Xta Cu Z-i-e-£-W-ß-ƒ H-Øn-W-ßn-bn-´p-≈q. ap-l-ΩZpw alm-aZpw H-∂p-Xs∂. A-d_ - n-\m-aw kw-kvI - r-XØ - n-ep-]t- bm-Kn-®t- ∏mƒ D≠m-b {]-tbm-Km-¥-cw am-{X-am-WnXv. tem-I-Øn-\-Jn-ehpw Kpcp-hm-Wv Xm-s\-∂v aplΩ-Zv \_n(k) D-¬-tLm-jn®p. Xncp-ta\n, X-s‚ Po-hn-X-Im-e-ØpX-s∂ A-hn-Sp-sØ k-tμ-iw tem-Iw ap-gp-h≥ F-Øn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. tem-I-cm-Py-ß-fn-se N-{I-h-¿-Øn-amscbpw P-\-t\-Xm-°-sfbpw C-kv-em-an-te-°v £-Wn®p-sIm-≠v \m\m`m-K-ß-fn-te°pw \-_n(k) Xym-Kn-h-cycm-b A-\p-N-c-∑m-¿ aptJ\ I-Øp-I-ƒ A-b-®n-cp∂p. t]-¿-jym-bn-se In-kv dm N-{I-h-¿Øn°pw tdm-an-se ssJ-k-dn-\pw F-tXym-]ybn-se \-÷m-in°pw a-‰p k-I-e {]-`p-°-ƒ°pw \-_n(k) I-sØ-gp-Xp-I-bp-≠m-bn(kzlo-lp ap-kvenw). tem-I {]-hm-NI-s‚ I-Øv A-°me-sØ tI-c-f N-{I-h-¿Øn°pw e-`n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. N-cn-{X-]-fin-X\m-b F. _m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈ F-gp-Xp∂p. F.Un. 628˛¬ B-{^n-°-bn-se F-√m cm-Pm°-∑m-¿°pw {]-hm-N-I-≥ I-sØ-gp-Xp-I-bp-≠m-bn-´p≠v. A-°q-´-Øn¬ tI-cf - Ø - n-se tN-ca - m-≥ s]-cp-am-fn\pw F-gp-Øp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. (sN¶-¬ sN-cp-am-ƒ A-s√-¶n-¬ i-¶-h-¿-Ω-≥ 621˛640). A-td-_y-°v tIc-f-hp-am-bn hf-sc ap-ºp ap-X-¬ I®-h-S k-º-¿-°-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. tIm-¨-kv-‰m‚ v-t\m-∏n-fn-se N-{I-h-¿-Øn°pw {]-hm-NI-s‚ I-Øp≠m-bn-cp∂p. C-kvemw a-Xw B-t«-jn-°m-≥ £-Wn®p-sIm-≠p-≈Xm-bn-cp-∂p B I-Øp-I-sf-√mw . (N-cn-{X tI-c-f-Øn-s\-gp-Xnb BapJw) acp-`q-an-I-fp-sS \mSm-b A-td-_y-bn-se a-°-bn-em-Wv ap-lΩZv \-_n(k) P-\n-®Xv. C-Xv kp-{]-kn-≤-am-W-t√m. tem-I Kp-cphm-b hn-tZ-in a-cp-`q-an-\n-hm-kn-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v hym-k-a-l¿-jn ]-d™Xv F-{X bm-Ym-¿-∞yw! ssl-μ-h-cn-¬ ap-ºv IpSp-a sh-°p-∂ k-{ºZm-bw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Cu co-Xn-bn-¬ ap-Sn h-f-¿-Øp-∂-h-c-√ hym-k≥ ]-d-™-Xp-t]m-se ap-kv-enwI-ƒ.


21 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

X-e-ap-Sn A-¬-]-`m-Kw \n¿-Øn _m-°n I-f-™ H-cp Ip-´n-sb \-_n(k) Im-Wm-\n-S-bmbn. A-t∏m-ƒ A-hn-Sp-∂v A-Xp \n-tcm-[n°p-Ibpw C-{]-Im-cw {]-kv-Xm-hn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. \n-ß-ƒ ap-Sn apgp-h-≥ I-f-bp-I. A-s√-¶n-¬ A-Xv ap-gph-≥ (I-f-bmsX) hn-SpI. (kzlo-lp-ap-kvenw). Xn-cp-ta-\nbpw A-\p-bm-bn-Ifpw Xm-Sn h-f-¿-Øp∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. \_n(k) C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-™p.: "\n-ß-ƒ Xm-Sn hf-¿-Øp-Ibpw ao-i sh-´p-Ibpw sN-øpI' (_p-Jm-cn, ap-kv-enw) ap-kve - nw-If - p-sS {]m-¿∞ - \ - m-lzm-\a - m-Wv _m-¶vhnfn. {]m-¿∞ - \°v th-≠n iw-Jp hnfn-tbm, a-Wn \m-Ztam ap-kv-enw-I-fn-¬ \-S-∏n-√. A-Jn-e-tem-I {k-„mhpw kw-c-£-I-\pam-b A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ a-lXz-sØ {]-Io-¿Ø-\w sN-øp-∂ B-ib - K - w-`o-chpw {i-hW - a - [ - p-ch - pamb _m-¶v hn-fn-bm-Wv \n-kv-Im-c-Øn-\p-th-≠n ap-kv-enw-I-ƒ \-S-Øp∂ B-lzm\w. {]-hm-NI-≥(k) 1400 h-¿-j-߃-°v ap-ºv a-Zo-\-bn-¬ G-¿-s∏-SpØn-b _m-¶n-s‚ al-Xz ]q-¿-Æam-b hm-Iy-ß-ƒ C∂pw tem-I-sØ-ßp-ap-≈ ]-c-tIm-Sn ]-≈n-an-\m-c-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v A-¥-co£-sØ C-S-bv-°n-sS ap-J-cn-X-am-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. apkvv-enw-I-ƒ hym-k-≥ {]-h-Nn-®-t∏m-se [-¿-Ω ka-cw sN-øp∂-h-cmWv. B-Z¿-iw I-søm-gn°mt\m A-{I-a-Øn\pw A-\o-Xn-°psa-Xn-sc-bp-≈ {]-Nm-c-W {]-t_m-[-\-ß-ƒ \n-¿-Øn-sh°mt\m \n¿-_-‘n-°-s∏-´-t∏m-sg√mw Cu ho-c-tI-k-cn-I-ƒ k-S-Ip-S-s™-gpt∂-‰p A-h-cp-sS k-a-c hocyw sX-fn-bn-®n-´p≠v. A-√m-lp A-\p-h-Zn® amw-km-lm-c-ß-ƒ -`-£n-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv ap-kv-enwI-ƒ. AXp-sIm≠p-X-s∂-bm-Wv Ah-sc hym-k-≥ am-kw--`p-°p-I-sf-∂v hn-ti-jn-∏n®Xv. hym-k\pw a-‰p- Zo-¿-L-Z-¿-in-Ifpw hn-fn-® ap-kv-enwI-ƒ F-∂ \m-a-Øn-¬ X-s∂ \-_n(k)bp-sS A-\p-bm-bn-I-ƒ C∂pw temIØv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. ""Ah-≥ (A-√mlp) \n-߃-°v ap-kv-enw-I-ƒ F-∂v C-Xn-\p-apºpw Cu {K-Ÿ-Ønepw \m-a-Ic-Ww sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p∂p.'' (hn-ip≤ Jp-¿-B≥ 22˛78)

]mdm-\n-se tPym-Xn v l-kvd-Øv aq-k(A) C-{]-Im-cw {]-h-Nn-®-Xm-bn ss_-_n-ƒ D-≤-cn-°p∂p. The Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir un to them, he


22 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Shined forth from mount Paran and he came with ten thousands of Saints; from his right hand Wend a fiery law for teeme. (deuteronomy, XXXIII: 1-2)

btlm-h ko-\m-bn-¬ \n-∂p h-∂p; A-h¿-°v tk-bo-cn-¬ \n-∂v D-Zn-®p; ]m-dm-≥ ]-¿-Δ-X-Øn-¬ \n-∂v hn-f-ßn; A-h-≥ ]-Xn-\mbn-cw hn-ip-≤-∑m-scbpw sIm-≠p-h∂p! A-h-¿-°p-th-≠n A-h-s‚ h-e-¶-øn-¬ \n-∂v A-·n-a-bam-sbm-cp {]-am-Ww {]-Xy-£-s∏-´p. (ss_-_n-ƒ ]-g-b \n-baw. B-h¿-Ø-\ ]p-kv-X-Iw: 33:1˛2) ssZ-hw h-∂p F-∂v ]-d-™-Xn-s‚ hn-h-£ Ah-s‚ k-tμiw e-`n-®psh-∂mWv. im-an-se ko-\mbn-¬ sh-®m-Wv l-kvd-Øv aq-k(A)°v {]-hm-N-IXzw e-`n-®Xpw, Xu-dm-Øv \-¬-I-s∏-´-Xpw. Cu-km \-_n(A)an-\v {]-hm-N-IXzw e`n-®Xpw A-t±-l-Øn-\v C©o-¬ A-h-Xo-¿-Æ-am-bXpw tk-bo-cn-¬ sh-®m-bn-cp∂p. A-¥y-{]hm-N-Icm-b ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n(k)°v {]-hm-N-IXzw kn-≤n®-Xv ]m-dm-\n-¬ \n-∂mWv. a-°m {]-tZi-as{X ]m-dm-≥. \_n(k)°v Jp¿-B-≥ A-h-Xo-¿-Æ-am-bXpw A-hn-sS sh-®p-X-s∂. (l-e-_n: 1:348) PqX˛ss{I-kv-X-hcpw ap-kv-enw-Ifpw B-Z-cn-°p-∂ a-lm-\m-b {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv l-kvd-Øv C-_v-dm-low(A). A-t±-l-Øn-\v km-dm F-∂ -`m-cy-bn-¬ P-\n-® ]-p-{X-\m-Wv C-kv-lmJv(A). C-kv-lm-Jv \_n-bp-sS k-¥m-\-]-c-º-c- _-\q C-kv-dm-Cu-¬ (C-kv-dm-Cu-¬ k-¥XnI-ƒ) F-∂ t]-cn-¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂p. C-_vdm-low(A)bpsS as‰m-cp `m-cybmb lm-P-dn-¬ P-\n-® ]p-{X-\m-Wv l-kvd-Øv C-kv-amCu-¬(A). C-kv-lm-Jv k-¥-XnI-sf t]m-se A-\p-{K-lo-X-cm-Wv C-kv-a-Cu-¬ k-¥-Xn-I-fpw. ss_-_n-ƒ C-°mcyw Aw-Ko-I-cn-°p∂p≠v. C-kv-am-Cu-se-°p-dn-®pw, \n-s‚ A-t]-£ Rm-≥ tI-´n-cn°p∂p. Rm-≥ Ah-s\ A-\p-{K-ln®p, A-Xy-¥w k-¥m-\-]p-„n-bp≈-h-\m-°n h-¿-≤n-∏n-°pw. (ss_-_n-ƒ ]-g-b \n-baw. D-¬-]-Øn 17:20) C_vv-dmlnw \_n(A) ]p-{X-≥ C-kv-am-Cu-en-s\ A-√m-lphn-s‚ B-⁄-{]-Im-cw hn-P-\ {]-tZ-iam-b ]m-dm-\n-¬ (a-°-bn-¬) Xm-a-kn-∏n®p. C-kvemw F-∂ hn-tizm-Ø-c {]-ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ {]t_m-[-I≥ ˛ A-¥y-{]-hm-NI-≥˛ ]m-dm-\n-¬ \n-∂v {]-Xy-£-s∏-tS≠-Xp-s≠-∂ A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ ap-≥ \n-›-b-am-bn-cp∂p C-Xn-\p-Imc-


23 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Ww. A-t±-lw C-kv-am-Cu-en-s\ am-Xm-hv lm-P-dn-t\m-sSm-∏w ]m-dm\n-¬ hn-´p t]m-Ip-∂ th-f-bn-¬ C-{]-Im-cw {]m-¿-∞n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. "R-ß-fp-sS \mYm! Irjn-sbm-∂p-an-√m-Ø H-cp Xm-gvh-c-bn-¬, \ns‚ B-ZWo-b ho-Sn-s‚ k-ao-]Øv, F-s‚ k-¥-Xn-I-fn-¬ Nne-sc Rm-≥ Xm-a-kn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂p. R-ß-fp-sS \mYm! A-h-¿ \n-kv-Imcw \n-e-\n-¿-Øp-∂-Xn-\p th≠n; BIbm-¬ P-\-lr-Z-b-ß-sf A-hcn-te-°v {]-Xn-]-Øn-bp-≈-h-cm-°p-Ibpw A-h¿-°v ]-g-h-¿Kß-ƒ Blm-cw \-¬-Ip-Ibpw sN-tø-Wta! A-h-¿ IrX-⁄-X tc-J-s∏-SpØn-tb-°mw.' (hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥: 14:37) apI-fn¬ sIm-SpØ ss_-_n-ƒ D-≤-c-Wn-bn-¬ aq-k(A) (tamkkv) c-≠v {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS B-K-a-\-sØ-°p-dn-®v Zo-¿-L-Z-¿i-\w sN-bv-Xncn-°p∂p. H-∂v, X-s‚ ti-jw B-K-X-\m-Ip-∂ Cukm(A). A-t±-lw tk-bo-cn-¬ \n-∂v {]-Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂p. c-≠v, A-¥y {]-hmN-I\m-b ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k). A-t±-l-Øn-\v aq-∂v e-£-W-ß-ƒ {]-h-N-\-Øn-¬ ]-d-™n-´p≠v. H-∂v ]m-dm-\n-¬ {]-Xy-£-s∏-Spw. c≠v ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw hn-ip-≤∑m-tcm-Sp-Iq-Sn A-hn-sS ]p-\x-{]-th-in-°pw. aq-∂v A-·n-a-bam-sbm-cp {]-am-W-hp-am-bm-Wv h-cnI. Cu aq-∂-S-bmf-ßfpw k-a-Rv-P-k-am-bn k-tΩ-fn-® H-cp hy-‡n ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k) H-gn-sI a-s‰m-cmfpw \m-fn-Xph-sc h-∂n-´n-√. h-cn-I-bp-an-√. l-kvdØv C-kv-am-Cu-¬(A) ]m-dm\n-¬ Xm-a-kn®p. A-hn-sS \n-∂m-Wv Xs‚ k-¥-Xn-I-ƒ hen-b h-¿-K-am-bn D-b-¿-∂Xv. C-°mcyw ss_-_nƒ X-s∂ hy-‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. "ssZ-hw A-h-t\m-Sp-Iq-sS-bp-≠m-bncp∂p. A-h-≥ a-cp-`q-an-bn-¬ ]m-¿Øp. ap-Xn-¿-∂-t∏m-ƒ H-cp hn-√m-fnbm-bn-Xo-¿∂p. A-h-≥ ]m-dm-≥ a-cp-`q-an-bn-¬ ]m-¿-Øp.' (D-¬-∏-Øn 21:21) ]m-dm-≥ \n-hm-knbm-b C-kv-am-Cu-¬(A)s‚ ]u-{X-\m-Wv aplΩ-Zv \_n(k). ]m-dm-\n-¬ (a-°-bn-¬) sh-®m-Wv A-t±-l-Øn-\v {]-hm-N-IXzw e-`n-®Xv. tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp A-S-°-ap-≈ C-{k-tb-¬ {]hm-N-I-∑mcn-sem-cm-ƒ°pw ]m-dm-\p-am-bn bm-sXm-cp _-‘-hp-ap-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. c-≠ma-sØ A-S-bm-fw ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw hn-ip-≤∑m-tcm-SpIq-Sn-bp-≈ ]px-cm-K-a-\-amWv. a-°m-bn-se i-{Xp-°-fpsS D-]-{Z-hw \nan-Øw ap-l-Ω-Zv(k) a-Zo-\m-bn-te-°v ]-emb-\w sN-bv-Xp. A-\¥cw ln-Pv-d-bp-sS F´mw h¿-jw ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw A-\p-N-c∑m-tcm-Sp-Iq-


24 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Sn a-°-bn-¬ Xn-cn-s®Øn. a-° F-s∂-t∂-°p-am-bn ap-kv-enw-Iƒ-°v A-[o-\-am-hp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. Cu kw`-hw tem-I-{]-kn-≤-a-s{X. aq∂mw Nn-”w A-·n-a-bam-b {]-am-W-amWv. A-Xv ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n°-h-Xo-¿-Æ-am-b hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ X-s∂. A-·n-a-bam-b {]-am-Wam-Wv _nw-_m-cm-[-\-bp-sS hn-f-\n-eam-b A-td-_y-bn-¬ H-scm-‰ hn{K-lm-cm-[I-\p-an-√m-Ø Ah-ÿm hn-ti-jw kw-Pm-X-am-°n-bXv. P-\-tIm-SnI-sf Xu-lo-Zn-s‚bpw \o-Xn-bp-sS-bpw k-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw k-c-Wn-bn-te-°v \-bn-®v sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ {]-am-Whpw A-Xp Xs∂.

Bh¿-Ø\ - ]p-kX -v I - Ø - n-¬ l-kvd-Øv aq-k(A) C-{]-Im-cw {]-kv-Xm-hn-®-Xm-bn ss_-_nƒ ]-g-b \n-b-aw (tXm-dm) D-≤-cn-°p∂p: "A-∂v b-tlm-h F-t∂mS-cp-fn-sN-bv-XXv. F-s¥-∂m-¬; A-h-¿ ]-d™-Xv i-cn; \n-s∂-t∏mse H-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ Rm-≥ A-h¿-°v A-h-cp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-cpsS C-S-bn-¬ \n-s∂-gp-t∂-¬-∏n®p. F-s‚ h-N-\ß-sf Ah-s‚ \mhn-t∑-¬ B-°pw; Rm-≥ A-h-t\m-Sv I-¬-]n-°p-∂-sXm-s°bpw Ah-≥ A-h-tcm-Sv ]-d-bpw. Ah≥ F-s‚ \m-a-Øn-¬ ]-d-bp-∂ F-s‚ h-N-\-ß-ƒ bm-sXm-cp-Ø-s\-¶n-epw tI-ƒ-°m-Xn-cp-∂m-¬ A-h-t\mSp Rm≥ tNm-Zn-°pw' (ss_-_n-ƒ ]-g-b \nb-aw B-h¿-Ø-\ ]p-kv X-Iw 18:17˛19) tem-I c-£n-Xm-hv X-s‚ {]-hm-N-I\m-b aq-k(A)tbm-Sv At±-l-sØ-t∏m-se H-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-cp-sS k-tlm-Zc∑mcm-b C-kv-am-Cu-ey-cn-¬ \n-∂v \n-tbm-Kn-°p-sa-∂ hm-Kv-Z-ØamWv Cu ss_-_n-ƒ D-≤c-Wn hy-‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. F-∂m-¬ Cu {]-hN\w "biøm' hns\ (bq-iAv \-_nsb) kw-_-‘n-®m-sW∂v Pq-X-∑m-¿ P-¬-]n-°p∂p. ]-c-am-_-≤-am-WXv. C-Xn-s\ J-fin°p-∂ h-N-\-ß-ƒ A-h-cp-sS {K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ X-s∂-bp-≠v. H-∂m-a-Xmbn "\n-s∂-t∏m-se H-cp {]-hm-N-Is\' F-∂ hn-ti-jWw, B-K-X\m-Ip-∂ {]-hm-N-I≥ tamsi k-Zr-i-\m-I-W-sa-∂v Im-Wn-°p∂p. bq-iAv (bi-ø) \_n(A) aqkm(A)sb-t∏m-se ]pXn-b {K-Ÿhpw ]pXn-b {]-am-W-hp-am-bn h-∂p ap-≥ \n-b-a-hy-h-ÿsb (i-co-AØns\) Zp-¿-_-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. Xu-dm-Øn-s‚ {]-t_m-[-I-≥ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. c-≠m-a-Xm-bn "A-h-cp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-≥-am-cp-


25 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

sS C-S-bn-¬ \n∂v' F-∂ hmN-Iw h-cm-\n-cn-°p∂ tam-si k-Zri\m-b {]-hm-N-I-≥ C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-cn-¬ \n-∂-√. A-h-cp-sS k-tlmZ-ccm-b C-kv -amCu-ey-cn-¬ \n-∂m-sW-∂v hy-‡-am-Ip∂p. bqi-Av \_n(A)bmI-s´ C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-\m-Wp-Xm-\pw. A-t±l-sØ Ip-dn®m-bn-cp-∂p {]-kvXp-X {]-h-N-\-sa-¶n-¬, A-h-cp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-cp-sSbn-S-bn-¬ \n-∂p F∂-√, A-h-cp-sS C-Sbn-¬ \n-∂v F-∂m-Wv ]-dbpI. (l-e-_n 1:347) aq∂m-a-Xm-bn {]-Xo-£n-® {]-hm-N-I-≥ ]m-dm-≥ AY-hm a-°m \n-hm-kn-bm-sW-∂v Xu-dm-Øv H-∂n-e-[n-Iw ÿ-e-ß-fn-¬ hy-‡am-°n-bn-´p≠v. (B-h¿-Ø-\ ]p-kv-X-Iw 33:2, l_°qIv3:3) C-kv-amCuepw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ am-Xm-hv lm-P-d-bp-am-Wv ]m-dm-≥ \n-hm-knI-sf-∂v Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS {K-Ÿam-b D-¬-]-Øn (21:20)bn¬ Im-Wmw. A-t∏m-ƒ C-kv-dm-bo-ey-cn-¬ D-¬-Ir-„ Ip-Spw-_am-b Jp-ssd-iv tKm{X-Øn-¬ ]m-dm-\n-¬ X-s∂ P-\n®p, ]pXn-b {K-Ÿhpw ]pXn-b \nb-a {]-am-W-hp-am-bn h-∂ ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k) X-s∂-bm-Wv l-kvdØv aq-k(A) ap-∂-dnbn-∏v \-¬In-b {]-hm-N-I-s\-∂ Imcyw kv-]-„am-bn-°-gn™p. X-ß-ƒ {]-Xo-£n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ {]-hm-N-I-≥ Xm-\m-sW∂v ap-lΩ-Zv ap-kv-X^m(k) Pq-X-∑m-sc k-e£yw t_m-[y-s∏-SpØn-b-t∏m-ƒ A-h-cn-¬ \n-¿a-’-c _p-≤n-Ifm-b \n-ch-[n ]-fin-X¿ C-kv-emw kzo-I-cn®p. a-‰p-≈-h-¿ X-ß-fp-sS A-[n-Im-c-hpw t\-XrXzhpw Pohn-X kpJ-ßfpw \-„-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p `-b-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠mbXv. Xu-dm-Øn-se ]-e \n-b-a-ßfpw ÿm]n-X Xm-¬-]-cy-߃-°p th-≠n A-h-¿ aq-Sn-sh®p. ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)sb Aw-Ko-I-cn-®m-¬ X-ß-ƒ C-Xph-sc P-\ß-sf h-©n-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ Imcyw A-\mhc-Ww sN-ø-s∏-t´-°mw. Aß-s\ h-∂m-¬ kw-]q-Py-cm-bn hn-ekn-bn-cp-∂ X-ß-ƒ \n-μy-cm-bn Xo-cpw. Cu `o-Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p PqX]p-tcm-ln-X-sc Ckvemwa-Xm-t«j-Øn-¬ \n-∂v ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-® as‰m-cp Im-cyw. A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-≥ A-dp-Zp-„cm-b Pq-X-]-fin-X-cp-sS A-`n-i]v-Xam-b h-©-\-I-ƒ hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-\n-eq-sS Xpd-∂p Im´n. A-h¿ A-cn-iw ]q≠p. Xu-dm-Øn-¬ ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®v {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂ `m-K-ß-sf√mw am-‰Øn-cp-Ø-ep-Iƒ-°v hn-t[-b-am°n.


26 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

A-h-ti-jn-°p-∂-h Zp-¿-hym-Jym-\n®p. Aß-s\ {]-hm-NI-s\ G‰w hy-‡-am-bn a-\- n-em°n-b C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-¿ G-‰w i-‡-am-bn F-Xn-¿Øp. Xu-dm-Øn-se D≤rX {]-hN-\w bq-iAv (b-iøm) \_n(A)sb-°p-dn-®m-bn-cp∂p. A-t±-lw P-\n-®p Po-hn-®p a-cn®p. A-ßs\ B {]-hN-\w ]q-¿-Øo-I-cn-°-s∏´p. C-Xm-W-h-cp-sS hmZw. hym-Pw Ip-e-sØm-gn-em-°n-b Pq-X-cp-sS G-‰w hen-b hym-Pam-bn-cp-∂p CXv. ap-I-fn-¬ ]-d-™ aq-∂v Im-c-W-ß-fm-¬ A-Xv b-iøm-hm-bn-cn-°m-≥ bm-sXm-cp km-[y-X-bp-an-√. am-{Xa-√, b-i-øm-hv acn®p. A-t\-Iw kw-h-¬-k-c-ß-ƒ- I-gn-™n´pw B {]-hm-NI-s\ Ah-¿ ImØp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw A-t\z-jn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbv-Xn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Xm-sg sIm-Sp-°p∂ ss_-_n-ƒ I-Y kv-]-„-am°p-∂p. hnip≤ tbm-l-∂m-≥ kv-\m-]I-≥ (b-lv-bm \-_n˛A) kv\m-\-I-¿Ωw (a-X{]-t_m-[\w) B-cw-`n-®-t∏m-ƒ A-t±-lw B-cmsW-∂v tNm-Zn-®-dn-bm-≥ b-lq-Z-¿ P-dq-k-e-an-¬ \n∂pw ]p-tcm-ln-Xscbpw te-hy-sc-bpw A-b®p. A-h-¿ X-Ωn-¬ C-{]-Im-cw kw-`mjWw \-S∂p. "Xm-¶ƒ- a-iolm (Cu-k-¬ a-ko-lv) BtWm?' "A-√' Xm¶ƒ "G-enbm' BtWm? "G-en-bm-bpa√' "F-∂m-¬ ]n-s∂ Xm¶-ƒ "B' {]-hm-N-I-≥ BtWm?' "B {]-hm-N-I-\pa-√' X-Z-h-k-c-w A-t±l-tØm-Sv C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-bp-I-bp-I-bp-≠mbn. If thou art neither the Messiah, nor Eligah, and nor that Prophat why then dost thou baptize. (John 1:26) Xm-¶-ƒ a-io-lm-h-√, G-en-bm-h√, B {]-hm-N-I\pa-√; F-∂v h-cn-In-¬ \o kvv-\m-\w I-gn-∏n-°p∂-Xv F-¥n-\v? (tbml-∂m-≥ 1:26) bq-iAvv \_n(A)bp-sS Im-eØpw C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-¿ G-enbm, a-iolm, B {]-hm-N-I-≥ F-∂o aq-∂v {]-hm-N-I-∑m-sc {]-Xo-£n-®ncp-∂p-sh∂pw A-h-cn-sem-cm-ƒ t]cpw Du-cpw ]-d-tb-≠ B-h-iy-an√m-Ø hn-[w B {]-hm-N-I-≥ F-∂v ]-d-b-Ø-° \n-e-bn-¬ A-h¿°v kp-]c - n-Nn-X\ - m-bn-cp-s∂∂pw {]-kvXp-X kw`-hw hy-‡a - m-°p∂p. tem-Iw ap-gp-h-≥ Im-Øn-cp-∂ ˛P-\n°pw ap-tº hn-iz-hn-{ip-


27 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

X\mb B {]-hm-N-I-≥ ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k) am-{X-am-sW-∂v A-\ntj-[y-Zr-„m-¥-ß-ƒ DZv-tLm-jn-°p∂p.

s]-cnIvs- sf-‰k - n-s‚ s]m-cp-ƒ "a¿b-an-s‚ ]p-{X-≥ Cu-km {]-kv-Xm-hn-® k-μ-¿`w: C-kv-dmCu-¬ k-¥-Xn-Isf! F-s‚ ap-ºp-≈ Xu-dm-Øn-s\ b-Ym-¿-Y-am-°p∂-h-\mbpw F-\n-°pti-jw h-cp-∂ A-lva-Zv F-∂v t]-cp-≈ d-kqen-s\-°p-dn-®v kp-hn-ti-j-a-dn-bn°p-∂-h-\mbpw \n-ß-fn-te-°v \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏´ ssZ-h-Zq-X-\m-Wv Rm-≥'. F-∂m-¬ A-t±-lw kv-]„am-b Zr-„m¥-ß-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn A-h-cp-sS-b-Sp-°-¬ h-∂-t∏m-ƒ C-Xv hy-‡am-b C-{μ-Pm-e-am-sW-∂v A-h-¿ ]-d-™p' (hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B≥ 61:6). l-kvdØv Cukm(A) C-kv-dm-Cuey-tcm-Sv c-≠v Im-cy-ß-ƒ {]-Jym-]n-®-Xmbn Cu hmIyw km£o-I-cn-°p∂p. H∂v, X-\n-°v apºv l-kvd-Øv aq-km(A)°v A-h-Xo-¿-Æam-b Xu-dm-Øn-s\ Aw-KoI-cn-°p-Ibpw A-Xv bm-Ym-¿-∞y-am-sW-∂v ÿm-]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. c≠v, X-\n-°v ti-jw h-cp-∂ A-lva-Zv F-∂ A-`n-[m-\-ap-≈ {]-hm-N-I-s\-°p-dn-®v A-t±-lw ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v \-¬-Ip∂p. Cu c-≠v Im-cy-ßfqw Cukm(A)\p e-`n-® C-©o-en-¬ ImtW-≠-XmWv. ]s£, b-Ym-¿∞ ss_-_n-ƒ C-∂v \n-e-hn-en-s√∂ Imcyw ss_-_n-ƒ N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑m-¿ X-s∂ k-Ω-Xn-®n-´p≠v. C∂v \n-e-hn-ep-≈ kp-hn-ti-j-ß-ƒ B-cv F-t∏m-ƒ F-gp-Xn F-∂-Xn\v J-fin-Xam-b sX-fn-hp-Is - fm-∂p-an-√. "Cu kp-hn-ti-jß - ƒ - \mepw F-Un 65\pw 125\pw CS-°v F-gp-Xn-b-Xm-bn-cn-°-Ww.' F-∂ hn-iz hn-⁄m\ tIm-i-Øn-s‚ {]-kv-Xmh-\ (hm-eyw 9, t]-Pv 801) tIhew H-c-`yq-lw am-{X-am-Ip∂p. A-h-bn-¬ Im-Wp-∂ ]-c-kv-]-c sshcp-≤y-ß-ƒ A-h \n-ch-[n am-‰-Øn-cp-Ø-ep-I-ƒ°pw ssI-I-S-Ø-epI-ƒ°pw hn-t[-b-am-bn-´p-s≠-∂-Xn-\v a-Xnbm-b sX-fn-hm-Wp-Xm-\pw. F-∂n´pw hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿B - ≥ - {]-kX v- m-hn-® Im-cy-ßf - n-te-°v H-fn™pw sX-fn-™p-ap-≈ kq-N-\-I-ƒ A-h-bn-¬ [m-cm-f-ap-s≠-∂-Xm-Wv kXyw. {]-Y-a h-kv-Xp-X-bn-te-°v, Xu-dm-Øn-s‚ bm-Ym¿-∞yh-¬-I-cW-Øn-te-°v, ss_-_n-ƒ C-{]-Im-cw hn-c-¬ Nq-≠p-∂p. "Rm-≥ \ymb-{]-am-WsØtbm {]-hm-N-Isctbm \o-t°-≠-Xn-\v h-∂p F-∂v


28 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

\n-cq-]n-°-cpXv. \o-°m-\-√ \n-h-¿-Øn-∏m-\s{X Rm-≥ h-∂-Xv.' (aØmbn 5:17) c-≠ma-sØ h-kv-Xp-X-bn-te-°p-≈ kq-N-\ Im-WpI. "Rm-≥ ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ A-Sp-°-¬ \n-∂v \n-߃-°v A-b-∏m-\p-≈ Imcy-ÿ-\m-bn ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ A-Sp-°-¬ \n-∂v k-Xym-flm-hv h-cp-tºmƒ A-h-≥ F-s∂-°p-dn-®v km£yw ]-dbpw. \n-ßfpw B-Zn-ap-X-¬ F-t∂m-Sp-Iq-sS C-cn-°s - Im-≠v km£yw ]-dh - o≥' (ss_-_n-ƒ ]pXnb \nb-aw tbm-l-∂m-≥ ]p-kv-X-Iw (15:26,27) ss_-_n-fn-s‚ ]q-¿-Δ]-Xn-∏p-I-fn-¬ \n-∂v C-hn-sS (15:26) "b-tlm-h \n-ß-fn-te-°-b-°p∂ "ap-\v-l-a∂m' h-∂m-¬ ....' F-∂m-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. C-Xv ]pXnb ]-Xn-∏p-I-fn-¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p. (A-±-Av-h: U-¬ln 1˛20˛79) "ap-≥-l-a∂m' F-∂m-¬ kp-dn-bm-\n `m-j-bn-¬ ap-lΩ-Zv F∂pw tdma-≥ ({Ko°v) `m-j-bn-¬ "s]-cn-ss¢-‰kv' F-∂p-am-Wv. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 1:25) s]-cn-ssI-‰kv (Periqlytos or Periqlyte) F-∂ ]-Zw sIm-≠v ap-lΩ-Zv A-Xm-b-Xv A-lv-a-Zv X-s∂-bm-Wv hn-h-£ F∂ Im-cy-Øn-¬ H´pw kw-i-b-an-√. s]cn-ss¢‰-kv F-∂ {Ko-°v ]-ZØn\pw ap-lΩ-Zv AY-hm A-lva-Zv F-∂ Ad-_n ]-Z-Øn\pw Ir-Xyambpw H-tc A-¿-∞-am-Wp-≈Xv. c-≠v ]-Zhpw G-‰hpw D-Ø-a-≥, kvXp-Xy-¿-l-≥ F-∂o A-¿-∞-ß-ƒ Ip-dn-°p-∂p. (Mohammed in the Bible Page 218) tbm-l-∂m-s‚ a-s‰m-cp D≤c-Wn C-ß-s\-bmWv: "Rm-≥ ]nXmhn-t\m-Sp {]m-¿∞ - n-°pw. ]n-Xm-hv a-s‰mcp Im-cyÿ-s\ F-t∂°pw \n-ß-fp-sS Iq-sS C-cn-t°-≠-Xn-\p \n-ß-ƒ-°p-X-cpw.' (ss_-_nƒ ]pXn-b \nb-aw tbm-l-∂m-≥ ]p-kv-XIw14:16). tbm-l-∂m-≥ ]pkv-XIw, ss_-_n-ƒ ]pXn-b \n-b-a-Øn-se C-X-c ]p-kv-X-Iß-sf t]m-se tb-ip-{In-kvX - p-hn-s‚bpw X-s‚ in-jy-cp-sSbpw am-Xr--`m-jbmb "A-d-am-b' (ln-{_p) -`m-j-bn-e-√, {Ko-°v -`m-j-bn-em-Wv F-gp-Xs∏-´n-´p-≈Xv. tbm-l-∂m-≥ X-s‚ {]-h-N-\-Øn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-® {Ko°p ]Zw "]m-d-Jv-eo-Øm'(Paraclete) F-∂mWv. Cu ÿm\-Øv tbip-{In-kv-Xp X-s‚ am-Xr--`m-j-bn-¬ G-Xv ]-Z-am-Wv D-]-tbm-Kn-®Xv? C-°mcyw A-⁄m-X-amWv. tbm-l-∂m-≥ D-]-tbm-Kn® {Ko-°v ]-Zw "]m-d-Jv-eoØm' B-izm-k-{]Z≥, Im-cy-ÿ-≥ F-∂o A-¿-∞-ß-fnem-Wv ]n-¬-°m-e-Øv hn-h-¿-Ø-I-¿ -`m-jm-¥-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv. (]n-ev°m-e-∏-Xn-∏p-I-fn-em-I-s´, AXp, k-lm-b-I-≥ F-∂m-°n am-‰n-bn-cn-


29 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

°p∂p.) A-\¥-cw A-Xv A-h-¿ hn-iz-kn-®p-h-cp-∂ ]-cn-ip-≤m-flmhm-sW-∂v A-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. F∂m-¬ {In-kv-Xy-≥ N-¿-®p-I-ƒ hn-iz-kn-°p-∂Xp-t]m-se ]md-Jv-eo-Øm H-cn-°epw A-h-¿ ]-d-bp-∂ ]-cn-ip-≤m-flmh-√. B ]-ZØn-\v Bizmk{]-Z-≥ Ft∂m (klm-b-I-≥ F-t∂m) Im-cy-ÿ-≥ Ft∂m A-¿∞ - h - p-an-√. am-{X-a√ - b-Ym-¿∞ - Ø - n-¬ A-Xv ]m-dJ - e v- oØm (Paraclete) F∂-√, s]-cn-ss¢-‰v-kv AY-hm s]-cn-ss¢-‰v F-∂mWv. C-Xn\pw A-l-av-Zv F-∂ ]-Z-Øn-\pw H-tc A-¿-∞-am-Wp-≈Xv. Cu h-kv-Xp-X-I-ƒ s{]m-^-k-¿ A-–p-¬ A-l-Zv-Zm-hq-Zv hy-‡-am-°n-bn´p≠v. (Mohammed in the bible, Page 198-223 t\m°pI) A-–p-¬ A-lZ- vZm-hq-Zv {In-kX v- q-aX - Ø - n-¬ AKm-[ ]-fin-X\pw ss{I-kvX-h-temI-Øv Nn-c-kv-a-c-Wo-b\m-b {K-Ÿ-Im-c\pw A-≤ym]-I\ - p-am-bn-cp∂p. D-td-an-bb - n-se B¿-®p _n-j∏ - m-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. \nc-¥-c ]-T-\-Øn-eq-sS {In-kv-Xp-a-X {K-Ÿ-ß-fn-se {]-hNn-X {]hm-N-I-≥ ap-l-ΩZv(k)bm-sW-∂v A-t±-lw I-s≠-Øp-I-bpw A-√mlp-hn-s‚ A-\p-{K-l-Øm-¬ 1904¬ C-kvemw B-iv-tf-jn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-tXm-sS "d-hd-‚ v Zm-hn-Zv s_-©-an-≥ sI-¬-Zm-\o, _n Un' F-∂ {In-kv-Xy-≥ _n-j∏v, {]-^-k-¿ A-–p-¬ A-l-Zv Zm-hq-Zv F-∂ ap-kvenw ]-fin-X-\m-bn-Øo-¿∂p. ap-I-fn-¬ sIm-SpØ ss_-_n-ƒ D-≤-c-Wn-bp-sS i-cnbm-b cq]w C-{]-Im-c-am-sW-∂v A-t±-lw k-a-¿-∞n-°p∂p. "I shall go to the father, and he shall send you anothor apostel whose name shall be periglytos, that may reamin with you for ever" (Page 221) "Rm-≥ ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ A-Sp-tØ-°v t]m-Ipw. A-h-≥ \n-߃-°v s]-cn-ss¢‰-kv F-∂p t]-cp-≈ \n-ß-tfm-Sp-Iq-sS F-s∂-∂pw \n-e\n-¬-°p-∂ a-s‰m-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ Ab-®p X-cpw' ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cpta\n(k) km-¿-Δ-Imen-I {]-hm-N-I-\mWv. A-hn-Sp-sØ i-coA-Øv tem-Im-h-km-\w h-sc \n-e-\n-¬-°pw. A-Xm-Wv F-s∂∂pw \n-ßfp-sS Iq-sS \n-¬-°p-- -sa-∂-Xn-s‚ hn-h£.

b-ib - m-hn-s‚ kp-hn-ti-jw A¥y {]hm-NI-s\ Ip-dn-®v aq-km-\_n(A) hy-‡-am-bn {]h-Nn®p. ]n-∂o-Sv h-∂ Cu-k(A) C-kvdm-Cu-eysc A-Xv H-∂p Iq-


30 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Sn A-\p-kv-a-cn-∏n-®p. ss_-_n-ƒ C-{]-Im-cw D-≤-cn-°p-∂p. "ssZ-hamb I-¿-Øm-hv, \n-ß-fp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-cn-¬ \n∂v, F-s∂-t∏m-se H-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ \n-߃-°v F-gp-t∂-¬-∏n-®v X-cpw. A-h-≥ \n-ßtfmSv kw-km-cn-°p-∂ k-I-e-Ønepw \n-ß-ƒ Ah-s‚ hm-°v tI-ƒ°Ww. B {]-hm-NI-s‚ hm-°v tI-ƒ-°m-Ø G-h\pw P-\-Øn-s‚ C-S-bn-¬ tO-Zn-°-s∏-Spw' F-∂p tam-si ]-d-™p-h-t√m' (A-t∏mkv-X-e-∑m-cp-sS {]-hr-Øn-I-ƒ 3:22˛24) Cu ss_-_n-ƒ hmIyw ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)°v _m-[-Ia-s√¶n¬ A-Xv C-∂pw ]q-¿-Øo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sm-sX In-S-°pw. A-Xn-¬ D-t±-in°-s∏-´ {]-hm-N-I-≥ Xm-\m-sW-∂v tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp H-cn--°epw A-hIm-i-s∏-´n-´n-√. X-s‚ in-jycpw X-ssY-h. tb-ip-hns‚ {]Y-am-Ka\w "\n-s∂-t∏m-se-bp-≈ H-cp {]-hm-NI-≥' F-∂X - n-s‚ km-£mXvImc-a-s√-∂v hf-sc hy‡w. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]p-\-cm-K-a-\-Øn\pw {]kvXp-X {]-h-N\-sØ ]q-¿-Øo-I-cn-°m-≥ I-gn-bp-I-bn-√. N-¿-®n-s‚ hn-izm-k {]-Im-cw tb-ip tIh-ew H-cp P-Uv-Pv am-{X-am-bm-Wv, {]-amW-Zm-Xm-hm-b-√ h-cn-I. F-∂m-¬ hm-KvZ-Øw sN-ø-s∏-´ {]-hm-N-I\m-Is´, h-ew I-øn-¬ A-·n-a-bam-b H-cp {]-am-W-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv h-tc-≠-Xv. (Mohammed in the Bible P:3) am-{X-a-√ "\n-s∂-t∏m-se-bp-≈ H-cp {]-hm-N-Is\' F-∂ hntij-Ww B {]-hm-N-I-≥ aq-k(A)tbm-Sv kp-hy-‡ km-Zriyw ]pe-¿-Ø-W-sa-∂v kv-]-„-am-°p∂p. tb-ip H-cn-°epw tam-si-bp-sS k-Zr-i-\m-bn-cp-∂n-√. aqkm \_n(A)°v ]n-Xm-hp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Cu-k(A) P-\n®-Xv ]n-Xm-hn-√m-sX-bmWv. aq-k(A) km-[m-c-W K-Xn-bn-¬ ac-Ww h-cn®p. Cu-k(A) a-cn-°m-sX X-s∂ B-Im-itØ-°p-b-¿-Ø-s∏´p. aq-k(A) X-s‚ {][m-\ i-{Xp-°fm-b ^n-¿Hu-≥ {]-`r-XnI-sf ]q-¿-W-ambpw ]-cm-P-b-s∏-SpØn. A-h-¿ A-√mlp-hn-s‚ in£-°v hn-t[-b-cm-bn \-in-°p-∂ Imgv-N Po-hn-X-ImeØv X-s∂ I≠p. Cu-k(A) ssh-cn-I-fp-sS B-{Ia-Ww ]-c-a-ImjvT {]m-]n-®-t∏m-ƒ Cu tem-I-tØm-Sv X-¬-Im-ew hn-S-hm-ßp-I-bmWp-≠m-bXv. Np-cp-°-Øn-¬ A-·n-a-bam-b Jp-¿-B-≥ F-∂ hn-ip-≤ {]-amW-hp-am-bn a-°-bn-¬ DZ-bw sNbvXp, i-{Xp°-sf P-bn-®-S-°n, Cu tem-I-tØm-Sv bm-{X ]-d-™ ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)bm-Wv ˛ A-t±-lw


31 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

am-{X-amWv ˛ ss_-_n-ƒ {]-h-Nn® tam-si k-Zr-i\m-b {]-hm-NI≥. hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ {]-kv-Xm-hn-°p∂p; "^n-¿-Hu-\n-s‚ A-SptØ-°v H-cp Zq-Xs\ (aq-ksb) \mw A-b-®Xp-t]m-se \n-ß-fp-sS k-ao-]-tØ-°v \n-ß-fp-sS ta-¬ km-£n-bm-bn H-cp Zq-Xs\ (ap-lΩ-Zns\) \mw A-b-®n-cn-°p-∂p' (hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B≥ 73:15) Xudm-Ønse Cu {]-hNn-X {]-hm-N-I≥ tbip {In-kv-Xp-hmsW-∂ ss{I-kv-X-h P-¬-]\sØ "\n-ß-fp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-cn-¬ \-n-∂v F-s∂-t∏m-se-bp-≈ {]-hm-NI-s\ \n-߃-°v F-gp-t∂-¬-∏n®p X-cpw' F∂ ss_-_n-ƒ {]-kv-Xm-h-\ J-fin-°p-∂p≠v. ImcWw tb-ip A-h-cn¬ ˛ C-kv-dm-Cu-ey-cn-¬ s]-´-h-\m-Ip∂p, A-h-cpsS k-tlm-Z-c∑mcm-b C-kvam-Cu-ey-cn¬ \n-∂p-≈ {]-hm-N-I-\√. (l-e_n 1:348) {]-hNn-X {]-hm-N-I-≥ C-kv-am-Cu-¬ k-¥-Xn-I-fn-¬ ]m-dm-≥ (a-°) {]-tZ-i-Øm-Wv h-cn-I-sb-∂v ss_-_n-ƒ X-s∂ hy-‡-am-°nbn-´p-≠v. C-kv-am-Cu-¬(A) B-bn-cp-∂p ]m-dm-≥ \n-hmkn. ss__n-ƒ ]-d-bp∂p "ssZ-hw A-h-t\m-Sp-Iq-sS D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-h-≥ acp-`q-an-bn-¬ ]m-¿Øp. ap-Xn-¿-∂-t∏m-ƒ H-cp hn-√m-fn-bm-bn-Xo-¿-∂p. A-h-≥ ]mdm-≥ a-cp-`q-an-bn-¬ ]m-¿-Øp' (D-¬-]-Øn 21:20). ]m-dm-\n¬ \n-∂v X-s∂-bm-Wv tem-tIm-≤m-c-I\m-b hn-ip-≤ {]-hm-N-I-s‚ B-K-a-\-sa-∂v ss_-_n-ƒ ]-d-™n-´p≠v. "]-cn-ip-≤-≥ ]m-dm-\n-¬ \n-∂p h-cp-∂p' (l_°qIv 3:3) tb-iphnt\m in-jy-¿t°m ]m-dm-\p-ambn (a-°-bp-ambn) bmsXm-cp _-‘-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√ C-kv-am-Cu-¬ \_n(A)\v ]-{¥≠v k-¥m-\-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. "tI-Zm-¿' F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p A-hcn-semcm-fp-sS t]cv. ss_-_n-ƒ D-¬]-Øn ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-¬ (25:13˛15) CXv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠v. Cu tI-Zm-dn-s‚ k-¥m-\ ]-c-º-c-bn-¬ b-i- m-¿-∂ Jp-ssd-in tKm-{X-Øn-em-Wv ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k) P-\n®Xv. C-°m-c-W-Øm-¬ X-s∂-bm-Wv A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-s\-Ip-dn-®v tIZm-dn-s‚ k-¥-Xn-Iƒ-°v b-iøm (bqi-Av˛A) {]-tXy-Iw kp-hn-tijw \-¬-In-b-Xpw. ss_-_n-ƒ ]-d-bp∂p: "a-cp-`q-an-bn-¬, A-Xn-se ]´-W-ß-fpw tI-Zm-¿ ]m-¿-°p-∂ {Km-a-ßfpw i-–-ap-b-¿-Øs´! ssie-\n-hm-kn-Iƒ tLm-jn-°p-Ibpw a-e-ap-I-fn-¬ \n-∂-m-¿-°p-Ibpw sNø-s´! (b-i-øm-hv 42:11)


32 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

_-¿\-_m-kv ss_-_n-fn-¬ a-lm-\mb Cukm(A) C-X-c {]-hm-NI-sc t]m-se hn-´p-hogv-N-bn-√m-Ø G-IssZ-h hn-izm-kn-bpw Xu-lo-Zn-s‚ {]-t_m-[-I-\pam-bn-cp∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ B-Znin-jy-cpw X-ssY-h. hn-ip-≤ Jp¿B-≥ Cu bm-Ym-¿∞yw th≠-{X hy-‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. ]n-¬-°meØv {In-kv-Xym-\nI-ƒ Cu k-Xy-am-¿-K-Øn-¬ \n-∂pw hy-Xn-N-e-n®p. sk‚ v t]m-fn-s‚ ]-cn-jv-I-cWw {In-kv-Xym-\nI-sf _lp-ssZ-hmcm-[-I-cm°n. F.Un. 325¬ tN-¿-∂ \n-Iym-Iu-¨-kn-¬ tb-ip-hns\ ssZ-h-Øn-s‚ ]-Z-hn-bn-te-°p-b-¿Øn. "Cu Iu-¨-kn-en-¬ kw-_‘n-®-h-cn-¬ `q-cn-]-£hpw tb-ip-hn-s‚ ssZ-hXzw Aw-Ko-I-cn-®-hcm-bn-cp∂p. A-Xn-\m-¬ ]p-{X-\v (tb-i-p-hn-\v) ]n-Xm-hn-s‚, ssZ-hØn-s‚, A-tX kz-`m-hw X-s∂-bm-Wp-f-f-sX-∂ hm-Zw Aw-Ko-I-cn°-s∏-´p. ({In-kv-Xp Z-¿i-\w t]Pv : 108) \nIym-Iu-¨-kn-en-\p ap-ºv, tb-ip-hn-s‚ hnhn-[ A-t∏m-kvX-ec - p-sSbpw A-\p-Nc - c - p-sSbpw \m-aß - f - n-¬ U-k≥ - I-W° - n-\v ss__n-fp-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. hy-Xykv-X {In-kv-Xy-≥ k-aq-l-ß-ƒ A-h hn-ip-≤ th-Z-ß-fm-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn®p-t]m∂p. ]s£, \n-Iym-Iu-¨kn-¬ A-h-sb√mw \n-b-a-hn-cp-≤-am-bn {]-Jym-]n-®p. (Mohammed in the Bible P.142) A-\¥-cw G-I-ssZ-h-hn-izm-kn-Ifm-b {In-kv-Xym-\n-Ifpw Ah-cp-sS {K-Ÿ-ßfpw A-¥-¿-[m-\w sN-bv-Xp Xp-Sßn. l-kvdØv Cuk \_n(A) a-\p-jy\pw {]-hm-N-I-\p-am-sW-∂v ]-d-bp-∂ {K-Ÿ-߃-s°-Xn-sc I-¿-i-\am-b hne-°v h∂p. A-hbn-sem-∂t{X tb-ip{In-kvX - p-hn-s‚ A-t∏m-kvX - e - ≥ - a - mcn-sem-cmfpw G-Is - sZh-Xz {]-t_m[-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ _-¿-W-_m-kn-s‚ kp-hn-tijw. em-‰n-≥ `m-j-°m-c-\m-b {^m-amdn-t\m (Framarino) F-∂ ]mXn-cn, t]m-∏v knIv-Ãkv (GwKq-tlm) A-©ma-s‚ A-Sp-Ø kp-lrØm-bn-cp∂p. t]m-∏v h-Øn-°m-\n-¬ X-s‚ sse-{_-dn-bn-¬ {]-thin-°p-∂-Xn-\v {^m-amcn-t\m-hn-\p A-\pa-Xn \-¬-Im-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. {]-kvXpX sse-{_-dn-bn-¬ A-t±-lw _-¿-W-_m-kn-s‚ ss__n-ƒ I-s≠Øn. A-Xn-¬-I-≠ Nn-e bm-Ym-¿-∞y-߃ B {InkvXo-b ]m-Xn-cn-sb H-cp ap-kv-en-am°n. _-¿-W-_m-kn-s‚ kp-hn-


33 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ti-j-Øn-¬ \_n(k)bp-sS t]-¿ "ap-l-Ω-Zv' F-∂p X-s∂ hy-‡am-bn ]-d-™n-´p≠v. "B-Zw X-s‚ C-cp-]m-Z-ß-fn-¬ \n-h-¿-∂p-\n∂t∏m-ƒ, A-¥-co-£-Øn-¬ kq-cy-s\-t∏m-se {]-Im-in-°p-∂ H-cp enJn-Xw I≠p. b-tlm-h-b-√m-sX H-cp ssZ-h-an-√; ap-lΩ-Zv b-tlmhbp-sS {]-hm-N-I-\m-Ip-∂p.' (_-¿-W-_m-kv 39: 288) tXmdm (Xu-dmØv) A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-\m-sW-∂p ]-d-™ {]Xo£n-X {]-hm-N-I-≥ Xm-¶-fm-tWm? F-∂v tNm-Zn-°-s∏-´-t∏m-ƒ, tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp C-{]-Im-cw {]-Xn-h-Nn-®-Xm-bn _-¿-W-_m-kv ]-d-bp∂p. "b-tlm-h F-s‚ ssI-°v \-S-Øp-∂ A-¤p-X-ß-ƒ A-h\n—n°p-∂-XmWv Rm-≥ kw-km-cn-°p-∂-sX-∂v hy-‡-am-°p∂p. \n-߃ ]-d-bp-∂Xp-t]m-ep-≈ Imcyw F-\n-°v Rm-≥ C-„-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. F-\n-°p ap-ºv kr-„n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bpw, F-\n-°v ti-jw h-cn-Ibpw sNøp∂ ssZ-h-ZqX-s‚ ]m-Z-c-£-bp-sS sI-´p-I-ƒ A-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\p t]mepw Rm-\-¿-l\-√. A-t±-lw k-Xy-hm-Iy-hp-am-bn h-cpw. A-t±l-Øn-s‚ a-X-\n-b-a-ß-ƒ°v (Im-e-tZ-i) ]-cn-[n-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibn-√'(_-¿-\-_m-kv 42: 13) (A-±-Av-h˛U¬ln 1979 s^{_p-h-cn 1) _¿W-_m-kn-s‚ kp-hn-ti-jw ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)bp-sS Bflmhv, k-I-e h-kv-Xp-°-ƒ°pw ap-ºm-bn kr-„n-°-s∏-´p-sh-∂p tbip {In-kv-Xp {]-kv-Xm-hn-®-Xm-bn dn-t∏m¿-´v sN-øp∂p. AXp-sIm≠m-Wv kv-\m-]I-≥ (tbm-l-∂m-≥) Xm-≥ {]-h-Nn-® {]-hm-N-I-s\Ip-dn-®v C-{]-Im-cw km£yw h-ln-®-Xv: "F-\n-°p-ti-jw h-cp-∂-h≥ F-\n-°v ap-ºn-em-bn-Øo-¿-∂n-´p≠v. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m-¬ A-h-≥ F-\n-°v ap-ºp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. (tbm-l-∂m≥ 1:15) (Muhammed in the Bible P. 167)

{]Xo£n-X {]-hm-NI - s- \-°p-dn-®p hn-ka-v b - P - \ - I - am-sbm-c`- n-apJw l-kvd-Øv A-_q-_-°-¿(d) I-Av-_m-¶-W-Øn-¬ C-cn-°p-∂p. ssk-Zp-_v-\p-Awdpw A-hn-sS D-]-hn-„-\m-bn-´p≠v. A-t∏m-ƒ D-a-øØp-_\ v- p A-_o- ¬-Øv ssk-Zn-\n-Ic - n-In-eq-sS I-S∂p-t]mbn. Chcncp-hcpw th-Z-°m-cn-¬ \n-∂v A-¥y-{]-hm-NI-s‚ B-K-a-\-sØ-°p-dn®p-≈ Nn-e hn-h-c-ß-ƒ tI-´p a-\- n-em-°n-b-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. A-h-¿ X-Ωn-¬ H-c`napJw \-S∂p. D-a-øØv: A-`yp--Zb-Imw£o, C∂-sØ {]-`m-Xw F-ß-s\-


34 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

bp≠v? sskZv: t£-a-Øn-¬ Xs∂. D-a-øØv: Xm-¶-ƒ I-t≠m? sskZv: C-√ D-a-øØv: A-√m-lp hn-[n-® a-X-sam-gn-sI a-‰p-≈-sX√mw A¥y-Zn-\-Øn-¬ hn-]-Øm-Ip∂p. Cu {]-Xo-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ {]-hm-N-I≥ R-ßfntem \n-ß-fn-tem (Jp-ssd-iv tKm-{XØntem k-Jo-^v tKm-{XØn-tem) BWv P-\n-°pI. Cu kw-`mj-Ww tI-´ A-_q-_-°-¿(d) hn-kv-a-b-`-cn-X-\mbn. A-t±-lw ]-d-bp∂p. "A-Xn-\v ap-sºm-cn-°epw \o-bp-‡-\m-Im-\n-cn°p-∂ H-cp {]-Xo£n-X {]-hm-N-I-s\-°p-dn-®v Rm-≥ tI-´n-´n√.' C-tX-°p-dn-®v k-hn-kvX-cw A-dn-b-W-sa-∂m-bn ]n-∂o-S-t±-lØn-s‚ Nn-¥. ]q-¿-Δ-th-Z-ß-fn-¬ ]-cn-⁄m-\nbm-b H-cp {In-kvXob ]-fin-X-\m-Wv h-d-J-Øp-_v-\p \u^-¬. A-t±l-sØ k-ao-]n°m-≥ X-s∂ A-_q-_°-¿(d) Xo-cp-am-\n®p. kw`-hw A-t±-lw hd-J-Øn-s\ tI-ƒ-∏n®p. h-d-J-Øn-s‚ {]-Xn-Ic-Ww C-{]-Im-c-am-bncp∂p: AtX, k-tlm-Z-c-]p-{Xm, R-ß-ƒ th-Z-°mcpw hn-⁄m-\n-Ifp-amWv. ]t£, Cu {]-Xo£n-X {]-hm-N-I-≥ A-d-_n-I-fn-¬ G-‰w D-Ø-aam-b Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ \n-∂m-Wv h-cn-I. F-\n-°v hw-i-]-c-º-csb-°p-dn-®v \-∂m-b-dn-bmw. \n-ß-fp-sS tKm-{X-am-Wv A-d-_n-I-fn-¬ G-‰w D-∂Xw. "]n-Xr-hym, B {]-hm-N-I-s\-¥m-Wv ]-d-bpI?' A-_q-_°¿(d) A-t\z-jn®p. "A-t±-lw X-\n-°v Znhy-t_m-[\w \-¬-I-s∏-Sp∂ Im-cy-ß-fm-Wv ]-d-bp-I. A-t±-lw A-\o-Xn sN-øp-I-bp-an-√. A\o-Xn-sb A-\oXn-sIm-≠v t\-cn-Sp-I-bp-an-√. A-t±-l-tØm-Sp B-cpw A-\o-Xn sN-øm-h-Xp-a√.' h-dJ-Øv hn-i-Zo-I-cn®p. Cu kw`-hw A_q-_° - d - n-_\ v- p A-_o-Jp-lm-^(d)bp-sS a-\ - n-¬ sX-fn-™p \n∂p. Im-ew C-Xv bm-Ym-¿-∞y-am°n. aplΩ-Zv \_n(k) bm-Wv Xm\pw ]-fin-X-tem-I-hpw Im-Øn-cp-∂ hy-‡n-sb-∂v \_n(k)a-X{]t_m[-\w Xp-S-ßn-b-t∏m-ƒ A-t±-l-Øn-\v t_m-≤y-am-bn. Xm-a-kwhn-\m A-t±-lw \-_n(k)bn-¬ hn-iz-kn-®p. (C-_v-\p-A-km-°n-¿, Xm-co-Jp-¬ Jpe-^m: kp-bqYn: t]-Pv: 34)


35 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

sIm-Xn®-Xp hn-[n-®n-√ ]q-¿-h-th-Z-ß-fn-¬ A-Km--[⁄\pw hn-{ip-X A-d-_n-°-hn-bpam-bn-cp-∂p D-a-ø-Øp-_v-\p A-_n- -¬Øv. A-td-_y-bn-¬ Pm-X-\mIp-∂ A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-s\°p-dn-®v kv-]-„am-b A-dn-hv A-t±-l-Øn\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]-t£, A-bm-ƒ-s°m-ca-fn ]‰n. Cu Ad-_n {]-hmNI-≥, km-ln-Xy-Im-c\pw \n-an-j-°-hnbpw ]-fin-X\pw _p-≤n-am\pam-b Xm-\-√m-sX a-‰m-cp-am-bn-cn-°m-≥ km-[y-X-bn-s√-∂v A-bmƒ [-cn-®p-h-imbn. hf-sc°mew Cu Bi-bw A-bm-ƒ ]pd-Øv hn´n-√. ]n-∂o-Sv A-¥-¿K-Xw _-ln-¿-K-an®p. "A-Sp-Øp X-s∂ A-td_ym-bn-¬ H-cp \-_n- \n-bp-I-X-\m-Ipw; A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ k-tμ-i߃-sIm≠v, A-\pKrlo-X-\m-Ip-∂ B -hy-‡n Rm-≥ X-s∂-bm-bn-cn°pw.' F-∂v A-bm-ƒ {]hNn-®p Xp-Sßn. D-a-øØv, Pn-_vco-en-s\ {]-Xo-£n-®n-cn-∏mbn. Im-Øv a-SpØp. A-h-km-\w H-cp kq-£v-a-]cn-tim-[-\ \-SØn. A-t∏m-gm-Wv X-\n°v ]n-W-™ Aa-fn a-\- n-em-b-Xv. h-cm-\n-cn-°p-∂ A-¥y-{]-hm-NI-≥ k-Jo-^v tKm-{X-Øne-√, A-–p-a-\m-^n-s‚ k-¥m-\-]-c-º-c-bn¬ ˛Jp-ssd-iv tKm-{X-Øn-¬ BWv Pm-X-\mhp-I. D-a-ø-ØmI-s´ kJo-^v hw-i-P-\m-Wp-Xm-\pw. a-°-bn-se X-s‚ C-„ kv-t\-ln-X-\pw Jp-ssd-in {]-ap-J-\-pam-b A-_q-kp^vbm-s\ H-cn-°-¬ I-≠p ap-´n-bt∏m-ƒ, D-aø-Øv C-°mcyw D-≈v Xpd-∂v kw-km-cn®p. "\-Ωp-sS cmPy-Øv \n-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂ {]-hm-N-Is‚ Kp-W hn-ti-j-ß-ƒ Rm≥ th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ Im-Wp∂p. A-Xv Rm-\m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v Rm-≥ [-cn-°p-Ibpw A-{]-Im-cw P\-ß-tfm-Sv ]-d-bp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-t±lw A-–p-a-\m-^n-s‚ Ip-Spw-_-Øn-em-Wv P-\n-°p-I-sb-∂v ]n-∂o-Sv F-\n-°p hy-‡-ambn. Cu Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ {]-hm-N-I kz-`m-h-ß-ƒ H-Øn-Wßn-b H-cp hy-‡n-bm-bn d-_o-A-Øn-s‚ ]p-{X-≥ D-Xv-_Øn-s\ am-{X-am-Wv Rm-≥ I-≠Xv. ]-s£ A-bmƒ-°v \m-¬]-Xv Ign™p. C-Xx-]-cy¥w "h-lvbv' e-`n-®n-´n-√. {]-h-Nn-X {]-hm-N-I-≥ A-t±-la-√. a-‰mtcm B-sW-∂v F-\n-°n-t∏m-ƒ a-\  - n-em-bn-cn-°p∂p. Im-ew ap-t∂m-´v \o-ßn. tem-Iw Im-Øn-cp-∂ {]-hm-N-I-≥ \ntbm-Kn-°-∏´p. A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ ap-≥ \n›-bw {]-tbm-K-h-¬-I-cn-°s∏´p. A-td-_y-bn-¬ G-‰w Ip-eo-\am-b Jp-ssd-iv tKm-{X-Øn-¬ Hc-km-[m-c-W in-ip Pm-X-\mbn. P-\-ß-fp-sS I-Æn-ep-Ænbpw k-Zv-


36 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Kp-W-k-º-∂-\p-am-bn Ip-´n h-f-¿∂p. A-¬-A-ao-≥ F-∂ A-]-cm-`n[m-\-Øn-¬, hn-{ip-X\m-b ap-lΩ-Zv(k)°v \m-¬]-Xv hb- v ]q-¿Øn-bmbn. ln-dm-bn-¬-sh-®p A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bn Pn-_vco-en-s\ I≠p-ap´n. h-lv-bv e-`n®p; A-ß-s\ A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\mbn; a-X{]-t_m[-\w XpSßn. A-Xv a-°-bn-¬ am-{X-a√ temI-Øv s]mXp-sh tIm-fnf-°w kr-„n-®p. k-lr-Z-bcm-b k-Xym-t\z-jn-I-ƒ Ckvv-em-an-te-°v H-gpIn. A-tXm-sS D-a-ø-Øn-\v kXyw t_m-[y-ambn. F-¶nepw A-Xv ]p-W-cm-\p-≈ k-≥-a-\- p≠mbn√. Cu L-´-Øn-¬, {]-kvXp-X kp-lr-Øp-°-fn-cp-hcpw ho≠pw I-≠p-ap-´m-\n-S-h∂p. DS-s\ A-_p-kp^vvbm≥ tNm-Zn®p. "Xm-¶ƒ Hcp \-_n-sb A-t\z-jn-®p \-S-∂n-cp∂-pht√m. C-t∏m-ƒ ap-lΩ-Zv {]hm-N-I-\m-bn -cw-K-Øp-h∂-Xp I-≠n-t√?' D-a-ø-Øv-_v-\p A-_n- ¬Øv bm-Ym-¿∞yw aq-Sn-sh-®n√. "A-t±-lw k-Xy{]-hm-N-I-\mWv, At±l-sØ A-\p-Ka - n®p-sIm-≈p-I' C-Xp tI-´t- ∏m-ƒ A-_q-kp-^vbm≥ tNm-Zn®p: "A-t∏m-ƒ Xm-¶-ƒ'?.... D-a-ø-Øn-s‚ {]-XypØ-cw C-{]-Imc-am-bn-cp∂p: "k-Jo-^v tKm-{X-Øn-se kv-{XoI-sf Ip-dn-®p Rm-≥ e÷n-°p-∂p. Rm-\m-bn-cn°pw B {]-hm-N-I-s\-∂v Rm-≥ A-h-tcmSv ]-d-bm-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. C-\n-sb-ß-s\ A-–p-a-\m-^v Ip-Spw-_-Ønse H-cp bp-hm-hn-s‚ A-\p-bm-bnbmbn Rm-≥ Po-hn-°pw?!!' (A-hew_w: kodxl-e-_nø: 1:301)

_lo-dm-bp-sS hn-cp∂v A-_q Xzm-en-_v I-®-h-Sm¿-∞w kn-dn-b-bn-te-°v t]mIm-s\mcpßn. ]{¥-≠p hb p am{Xw {]m-bam-b A-¬ A-ao-≥ X-s‚ ]nXr-hy-s‚ th-¿-]m-Sn-¬ hym-Ip-e-\m-bn. ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ hn-tbm-Km-\¥cw X-s‚ G-Im-h-ew-_w ]n-Xr-hy-≥ am-{X-am-Wv. a-t\m-hnj-aw I≠p Z-bm-¿-{Z\m-b A-_p-Xzm-en-_v Ip-´n-sb X-s‚ H-∏w Iq´n. bm{Xm-kw-Lw ]p-d-s∏´p. kn-dn-b-bn-se _p-kv-dm \-K-c-Øn-¬ A-h-cndßn. A-hn-sS {I-n-kv-Xp-a-X-Øn-¬ A-Km[-]m-fin-Xy-ap-≈ H-cp ]ptcm-ln-X-≥ Xm-a-kn-®n-cp∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ a-T-Øn-\v k-ao-]-ØmWv I-®-h-S-kw-Lw C-d-ßn-bXv. A-h-¿ \n-ch-[n X-h-W A-t±-lØn-s‚ k-ao-]-Øq-sS I-S∂p-t]m-bn-´p≠v. A-t∏m-sgm-∂pw Ah-sc A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-Itbm A-h-tcm-Sv kw-km-cn-°p-I-tbm D-≠m-bn-´n√.


37 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

F-∂m-¬ CØ-h-W ]-Xn-hn-\p hn-]-co-X-am-bn A-t±-lw Ah¿-°p th-≠n kZy-sbm-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p. a-Xnbm-b Im-c-W-ap≠v. Cu-bn-sS-bm-bn A-td-_y-≥ bm{Xm kw-Lß-sf {]-tXy-I-am-bn ho£n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ "_-lodm' ]p-tcm-ln-X-≥ A-¥-co-£-Øn¬ Hcp ta-Lw I≠p. A-Xn-s‚ N-e-\-ß-ƒ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {i≤bm-I-¿-jn®p. H-cp bm{Xm kw-L-Øn-s‚ X-e-°p-ap-I-fn-¬ A-sXmcp Iq-S-bm-bn h-¿-Øn-°p∂p. kw-Lw A-Sp-Øp-h-cp∂p. "_-lodm' kq-£n®p-t\m°n. ta-L—m-b H-cp Ip-´n-sb {]-tXy-Iw {i-≤n-°p∂p. a-‰p-≈-h¿ sImSpw sh-bn¬ sIm-≈p-tºmgpw Ip-´n-°v XW-¬! km[m-c-W K-Xn-bn-¬ {i-≤n-°-s∏-Sm-Ø Cu Zriyw ]p-tcm-ln-X-s‚ _-≤-{i≤-°p hn-t[-b-am-bn. X-s‚ a-T-Øn-\p k-ao-]w h-∂n-d-ßn-b I®-h-S kwL-sØ A-t±-lw hn-cp-∂n-\v £-Wn®p. "Jp-ssd-in kaq-lta, Rm-≥ \n-߃-°v th-≠n B-lm-cw H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p. \n-ß-ƒ F-√m-h-cpw, Ip-´n-Ifpw h-en-b-hcpw kz-X-{¥cpw A-Sn-a-Ifpw h-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv F-s‚ B-{K-lw.' A-km-[m-c-Wam-b Cu kvt\-l {]-IS-\w I-≠v A-hcn-semcm-ƒ A-¤p-Xw {]-I-Sn-∏n®p. "_-lo-dm, Xm-¶ƒ-°v, C-∂v, A-√m-lphm-tW, Ft¥m H-cp-t±-i-ap≠v. Xm-¶-ƒ Rß-sf C-{]-Im-cw k-¬°-cn-°m-dn-√. R-ß-ƒ A-t\-IXh-W Cu h-gn- bm-{X- sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v. F-¥m-Wn-∂v hn-tijw? "Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-bp∂-Xp i-cn-Xs∂. ]s£ \n-ß-ƒ A-Xn-Yn-I-fmWv. \nßsf H-∂m-Z-cn-°-W-sa∂pw \nß-sf-√m-h-scbpw H-∂p hn-cp-∂q-´-W-sa∂pw Rm-≥ B-{K-ln-°p∂p. \n-ß-ƒ hcnI' _lo-dm-bp-sS a-dp-]Sn. A-h-¿ £-Ww kzo-I-cn®p. F-√m-hcpw lm-P-cmbn. _-lo-dm ]cn-tim-[-\ Xp-Sßn. apJ-Øv æm\-X ]-c∂p. {]-Xo-£n-® hy-‡n-sb Im-Wm-\n-√. "Jp-ssd-in k-aql-ta, \n-ß-fn-¬ H-cmfpw F-s‚ k-Zy-bn-¬ \n-∂p H-gn-hm-Im-≥ ]mSn-√' _-lo-dm ]-d™p. A-h-¿ {]-Xn-h-Nn®p. "h-tc-≠-h-cmcpw H-gnhm-bn-´n-√. H-cp Ip-´n am-{X-ta h-cm-\p≈q. A-h-≥ R-ß-fn-¬ G-‰w {]m-bw Ip-d-™-h-\mWv. AXp-sIm-≠v A-h-≥ R-ß-fp-sS hm-l-\ km-a-{Kn-Iƒ t\m-°n A-hn-sS-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.' "A-cpXv; Ah-s\ hn-fn-°q! \n-ß-tfm-sSm∏w Cu B-lm-cØn-¬ A-h\pw ]-¶v h-ln°-s´!' _-lo-dm B-h-iy-s∏´p. "em-Øm D- m F-∂o ssZ-h-ß-fm-Wv kXyw; A-–p-√m-bp-sS ]p-{X-s‚ A-


38 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

km-∂n≤yw \-ap-°v A-ip-`-I-c-am-Wv' F-∂v ]-d™p-sIm-≠v A-hcnsem-cm-ƒ DS-s\ Ip-´n-sb sIm-≠p-h∂p. _-lo-dm Ip-´n-sb ho-£n®p; kq-£v-a-am-bn A-dn-tb-≠ ]-e A-S-bm-f-ßfpw ]cn-tim-[n®p. AXn-Yn-I-ƒ B-lm-cw I-gn®p; A-h-¿ ]p-d-Øn-dßn. X-Z-h-k-cw _-lodm Ip-´n-sb k-ao-]n®p. A-d-_n-I-fp-sS kw-km-c-Øn-¬ \n-∂v tI-ƒ°m-≥ I-gn-™ ]c ssZ-hß-sf Ip-dn®v, Ip-´n-bp-sS {]-Xn-Ic-Ww F-s¥-∂v A-dn-bm-≥ H-cp {i-aw \-S-Øn. "emØm, D- m ssZ-hßsf ap-≥ \n¿-Øn Rm-≥ Xm-¶-tfm-Sm-h-iy-s∏-Sp∂p. Rm≥ tNm-Zn°p-∂ Im-cy-߃-°v hy-‡am-b a-dp]-Sn \-¬-I-Ww.' CXv tI-´-t∏m-ƒ A-d∏pw sh-dp∏pw {]-I-Sn-∏n®p. "em-Øm˛D m ssZ-hß-sf ap-≥-\n-¿-Øn Xm-¶-ƒ F-t∂m-sSm-cp-Im-cyhpw tNmZn-°-cpXv. Imc-Ww F-\n-°v A-h-tbm-fw sh-dp-∏p-≈ a-s‰m-∂n-√. A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw.' "F-∂m-¬ A-√m-lp-sh ap-≥ \n-dp-Øn Rm≥ tNm-Zn-°p-∂ Im-cyß-sf Ip-dn-®v kw-km-cn-°p-I' _-lo-dm X-s‚ A-`y¿-∞-\ Xn-cpØn. Xn-cp-ta-\n k-t¥m-j-]q¿-hw ]-d™p. "\n߃-°v C-„-ap≈-Xv tNm-Zn-°pI'. A-t±-lw Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS Zn-\-NcyI-sf Ip-dn®pw a-‰p ÿn-Xn-XnI-sf Ip-dn-®pw tNm-Zn-®p Xp-S-ßn. hy-‡am-b a-dp]-Sn e-`n®p. A-¥y-{]-hm-NI-s‚ {]-tXy-I e-£-Wam-bn ]q-¿-h-th-Z-ß-fn-¬ {]-kv-Xm-hn-® "Jm-Ø-ap-∂p-_p-ΔØv' F∂ {]-hm-NI-Xz ]-cn-k-am-]v-Xn ap-{Z C-cp-Np-a-ep-I-ƒ-°n-S-bn-¬ b-Ymÿm-\-Øv X-s∂-bp≠v. B-lv-fm-Z-`-cn-X\m-b _-lo-dm B ]-hn-{X ap-{Z-bn-¬ Npw-_n®p-sIm≠v, X-s‚ kv-t\-l-Øn-s‚ ap-{Z-b-¿-∏n®p. ]cn-tim-[-\mb-⁄w ]-cy-h-km-\n-∏n®p. _-lo-dm A-_q-Xzmen-_n-s\ k-ao-]n®p. A-t±-lw tNm-Zn®p. "Cu Ip-´n \n-ß-fp-sS Bcm-Wv?' F-s‚ a-I-\m-sW-∂p ]-d-™-t∏m-ƒ, _-lo-dm ]-d™p: "CXv \n-ß-fp-sS a-I-\√, Cu Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv C-t∏m-ƒ Po-hn-®n-cn∏p-≈-h-\m-Im-\n-S-bn-√' . X-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c ]p-{X-\mWv Cu hn-in-„ _m-e-s\-∂ kXyw A-_q-Xzm-en-_v Xpd-∂v ]-d™p. "Cu Ip-´n-bpsS ]n-Xm-hn-\v F-¥v kw-`-hn-®p.? 'am-Xm-hv Ah-s\ K¿-`w [-cn-®n-cns° ]n-Xm-hv a-cn-®p.' A-_q-Xzm-en-_v {]-XypØ-cw \-¬In. _-lodm ]d™p: "Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d™-Xv bm-Ym-¿∞yw Xs∂. F-∂m-¬ Xm¶-fp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-]p-{X-s\-bp-am-bn \m-´n-te-°v Xn-cn-°p-I; Pq-X-cn¬ \n-∂v Ah-s\ Im-Øp kq-£n-°p-I. A-h-¿ Ah-s\ Im-Wp-I-


39 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

bpw Rm-≥ {K-ln-® h-kv-Xp-X-I-ƒ A-h-c-dn-bm≥ CSbm-Ip-Ibpw sN-bv-Xm-¬, A-√m-lp-am-Wv kXyw A-h-¿ Ah-s\ D-]-{Z-hn-°pw. Imc-Ww Xm-¶-fp-sS k-tlm-Z-c-]p-{X-\v a-lØm-b H-cp `m-hn-bp≠v. A-Xn-\m-¬ Ah-s\ th-Kw kz-cm-Py-tØ-°p sIm≠p-t]m-IpI.' ]ptcm-lnX-s‚ \n-¿-tZ-iw A-_q-Xzm-en-_v kzo-I-cn®p. kn-dn-bbn-se I-®h-Sw I-gn-™ DS-s\ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn a-°n-bn-te-°v Xn-cn-®p. (C-_v\p ln-jmw 1:194˛196 l-e-_n 1:191˛195)

N-Xp-¿a- n-{X-ßf- p-sS k-Xym-t\zjWw Jp-ssd-in-I-ƒ X-ß-fp-sS H-cp hn-{K-l-Øn-\v k-ao-]w k-tΩfn-®n-cn-°p∂p. C∂v A-h-cp-sS D-’-h Zn-\-am-Wv. {]-Xn-h¿-jw A-h¿ \-S-Øn-h-cm-dp-≈ D-’-h-am-WnXv. _-lpap-J B-cm-[-\-I-ƒ Acßp X-I¿-Øv sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. ar-K-_en, -`P-\-an-cn-°-¬, {]-Z£nWw, A-ß-s\ ]-e-Xpw. F-√-m-hcpw N-S-ßp-I-fn-¬ hym-]r-XcmWv. ]-s£ \m-ep-t]-¿, A-h-¿ am{Xw H-cp -`mK-Øv C-Xn-se√mw hn-c-‡-cm-bn am-dn \n-¬-°p∂p. h-d-J-Øp-_v-\p \u^-¬, D-ss_-Zp√m-ln-_v-\p P-lvjv, D-kv-am-\p-_v-\p-¬ lp-ssh-cnkv, sskZp-_v-\p Aw-dv F-∂n-h-cmWv Cu \m-¬h¿. kz-P-\-X-bp-sS h¶-Ø-tam¿-Øv k-¥-]v-X-a-\-kv-Icm-b A-h¿ c-l-ky-am-bn kw-km-cn-°p-∂p, ]-cn-lm-khpw k-l-Xm]hpw Ie-¿-∂ kw-kmcw. P-\-߃-, X߃°v D]Im-tcm-]-{Z-h-ß-ƒ sNøm-≥ I-gn-bm-Ø in-em-hn-{K-l-ß-sf B-cm-[n°p-I h-gn am-¿KNypXn-bn-e-I-s∏-´-Xn-¬ ]-cn-X-]n-°p-I-bm-Wh-¿. A-d-_n-I-ƒ X-ß-fpsS h-μy-]n-Xm-hv C-_v-dmlow \_n(A)bp-sS a-X-Øn-¬ \n-∂v hyXn-N-en-®n-cn-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p C-_v-dm-lnw(A)s‚ kz-Oam-b a-Xw A-t\z-jn-®p I-≠p-]n-Sn-°Ww; A-Xn-\m-bn \m-Sp-hn-SWw; Ducp Np-‰Ww. A-h-¿ \m-ep-t]-cpw Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp-Øp. (C-_v-\p lnimw 1:242) hdJ-Øp-_v-\p \u-^-¬ A-t\zj-Ww Xp-S-ßn. {In-kvXo-b ]-fin-X-∑msc k-ao-]n®p. {In-kv-Xpa-sØ Ip-dn-®v Zr-V-am-bn ]Tn®p. {In-kv-Xp a-X-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ A-h-Km-lw t\Sn, A-ß-s\ A-t±lw H-cp {In-kvXo-b ]-fin-X-\m-bn-Øo-¿∂p. D-ss_--Zp-√m-ln-_v-\p P-lv-iv X-s‚ kw-i-b-Ønepw B-i-b-°p-g-∏-Ønepw X-s∂ \n-e-


40 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

sIm-≠p. C-kvemw k-am-K-X-ambn. sh-´w In-´m-sX \-´w Xn-cn-bp-∂ ]-Yn-I-¿ A-Xn-s‚ D÷z-e Zo-]-vXn-bn-te-t°m-Sn-b-W-™p-sIm-≠ncp∂p. Iq-´-Øn-¬ D-ss_-Zp-√m-ln-_v-\p P-lvipw IS-∂p h∂p. kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-ƒ-s°-Xnsc, i-{Xp-°-fp-sS a-¿±-\w cq-£-ambn. s]mdp-Xn-ap-´n ]-ecpw F-tXym-]y-bn-te-°p ]-emb-\w sN-bvXp. D-ss_Zp-√m-ln-_v-\p P-lv-ipw ]-Xv-\n-k-ta-Xw A-hn-sS-sb-Øn. Xm-t¥m-∂nbpw t`m-tK-—p-hpam-b A-bmƒ-°v k-Zvhr-Øcpw k-Zm-Nm-cn-I-fpam-b ap-kv-enw `-‡ hr-μ-Øn-\v a-t≤y Po-hn°p-I Zp -l-am-bn-Øo-¿∂p. A-ß-s\ B l-X-`m-Ky-≥ C-kvemw ssI-shSn-™p {In-kv-Xym-\n-bm-bn. {In-kv-{Xo-b a-lm]-fin-X\m-b F-tXym]y-≥ N-{I-h¿-Øn \-÷m-in t]mepw C-kvemw kzo-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ, Cu _p-≤n-lo-\-≥ Zp-¿-hn-Im-c-ß-fp-sS ]q-¿-Øo-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bn kXya-Xw I-søm-gn-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. A-\¥-cw A-bm-ƒ ap-gp-°pSn-b-\m-bn amdn. kp-c]m-\n-bm-bn-Ø-s∂ N-c-a-a-S-bp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. D-kv-am-\p-_v-\p-¬ lp-ssh-cnkv, ap-≥ Xo-cp-am-\m-\p-kr-Xw A-\-tz-jW-bm-{X Xp-S-¿∂p. {In-kv-Xp-a-X-Øn-¬ B-Ir-„-\mbn, tdmw N-{I-h¿-Øn-bp-sS k-ao-]-sØ-Øn {In-kv-Xpa-Xw kzo-I-cn®p. cm-P-k-∂n[m-\-Øn-¬ ÿm-\-am-\-ß-ƒ t\-Sn. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 1:243 l-e-_n 2:27) F-∂m¬ ssk-Zp-_v-\p Aw-dp-_v-\p \p-ss^-¬ {In-kv-Xp-a-XØn-epw Pq-X-a-X-Ønepw Xm-≥ A-t\z-jn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ k-Xyw I-≠n-√. X-s‚ P-\-X-bp-sS a-X-tØm-Sv A-t±-lw hn-S ]-d-bp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-h-cp-sS B-Nm-cß-sf A-[n-t£-]n®p. C-_v-dmlow \_n(A)bp-sS d-∫n-s\-bm-Wv Xm-≥ B-cm-[n-°p-∂-sX-∂p {]-Jym]n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 1:244) ]-s£ C-_v-dmlow \_n(A)bp-sS G-I-ssZ-h hn-izm-k-Øne-[n-„n-Xamb B kw-ip-≤ a-Xw F-hnsS? A-Xv I-≠p-]n-Sn-°m-≥ a-°-bn-¬ \n∂pw ]p-dØp-t]m-Im-≥ X-s∂ Xo-cp-am-\n-®p. ssk-Zv bm-{X-°v X-øm-sd-Sp-°p-tºm-sg√mw k-l-[-¿-ΩnWn "k-^n-b' At±-l-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xr-hy\m-b J-Øm-_n-s\ hn-h-c-a-dnbn®p-sIm-≠ncp∂p. J-Øm-_v A-t∏m-sg√mw A-t±l-sØ hn-e-°n. (Ibid1: 248) hn-e-°p-I-ƒ-s°m-∂pw X-s∂ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ D-¬-°-Sam-b A-t\z-j-WXr-jvW-sb AS-°n \n-¿-Øm-≥ km-[n-®n-√. B k-Xym-


41 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

t\zjn, A-h-km-\w \m-Sp-hnSp-I X-s∂ sN-bvXp˛ C-_v -dmlow \_n(A)bp-sS k-Xy-Zo\pw tXSn. X-’w_-‘w Pq-X ]-fin-X∑mtcm-Sv tNm-Zn-®p, {In-kv-{Xo-b ]m-Xn-cnam-tcm-Spw. A-ßn-s\ au-kn-¬ (Mosul) {]-tZ-i-sØØn. sa-skm-s∏m-t´man-b ap-gp-h-≥ I-dßn. ho≠pw ap-t∂m-´v \o-ßn im-an-¬ Np-‰n-Øn-cn-™p. A-h-km\w, _¬-Jm-bn-se H-cp {In-kv-Xo-b a-lm-]-finX-s‚ k-ao-]-sØØn. Xs‚ kp-Zo-¿-Lam-b Cu km-l-kn-I-bm-{X-bp-sS e-£y-sØ-°p-dn-®v, C-_v-dmlow \-_n-bp-sS k-Xy-a-X-sØ-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn®p. ]m-Xncn ]-d™p. "C-∂p H-cm-ƒ°pw Im-Wn-®p-X-cm-≥ km-[n-°m-Ø H-cp a-Xs - Ø-°p-dn-®m-Wv Xm-¶ƒ - A-t\z-jn-®p sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv. ]t£, H-cp {]-hm-NI-s‚ Im-ew B-k-∂-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. Xm-¶-ƒ ]p-d-s∏-´ {]-tZi-Øv \n-∂p X-s∂-bm-Wv B {]-hm-N-I-≥ sh-fn-s∏-Sp-I. E-Ppam-¿-§am-b C-_vdm-lo-an-s‚ a-X-hp-am-bn-´m-Wv A-t±-lw h-cn-I. AXpsIm-≠v A-hn-Sw {]m-]n-°p-I. A-t±-lw C-t∏m-ƒ \n-bp-I-X-\m-Ipw. C-Xp A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ \n-tbm-K-Im-e-am-Ip∂p' _-¬-Jm-bn-se ]p-tcm-lnX-s‚ D-]-tZ-iw tI-´v ssk-Zv kmth-iw kz-cm-Py-tØ-°v a-Sßn. k-Xym-t\z-j-W bm-{X-°n-S-bn-¬ Pq-X, {In-kvXo-b a-X-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v {K-ln-°m-≥ km-[n-®p-sh-¶nepw AXn-sem∂pw A-t±-l-Øn-\v kw-Xr-]v-Xn h-∂n-√. Xm-≥ A-t\z-jn® kXyw X-s‚ \m-´n-¬ X-s∂-bm-Wp-¤-hn-°p-I-sb-∂-dn-™p AXn-{io{Lw A-t±-lw a-°-bn-te-°v ]p-d-s∏-´p. (C-_v-\p ln-imw 1:250)

km-lk - n-Icm-b k-Xym-t\z-jnI-ƒ tdmw \-K-c-ßfn-sem-cp-∂-X \-K-c-Øn-se K-h-¿-Æ-dp-sS D-‰-an{X-am-bn-cp-∂p I-¬-°-dm-Øokv. B-\-μ-]q-¿-Æam-b Po-hnXw. K-h-¿Æ-dp-sS ]n-≥-Km-an I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv X-s∂-sb-∂v P-\w hn-iz-kn®p. ]-s£ I-¬-°-dm-Øokpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ kv-t\-ln-X≥ -- A-t{¥mIvfokpw {In-kv-Xp-a-X-Øn¬ ktμln-°p-∂p-sh-∂ hm-¿-Ø AI-se tIm-¨-kv-‰m‚n-t\m-∏n-fn-seØn. tdmw km-{am-Pym-[n-]\mb ssJk-¿ N-{I-h¿-Øn {In-kv-Xp-a-X {]-Nm-c-W-Øn-\v Xo-{h-\-S-]-Sn-I-ƒ kzo-I-cn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºm-gmWv Cu hm¿-Ø. C-cp-h-scbpw hnNm-c-W \-S-Øn. kXz-c \-S-]-Sn-I-ƒ kzo-I-cn-°m≥ ssJ-k-¿ K-h-¿W¿-°v I-¬]-\-sIm-SpØp.


42 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Kh¿-W-¿ D-¬-I-Wv-Tm-Ip-e-\mbn. Ccp-hcpw X-s‚ Cj-vS kplr-Øp-°-fmWv. Ah-sc in-£n-°m-≥ \n-¿-Δm-l-an-√. c-£n-°mt\m t]mw-hgn-bn-√. A-t{¥m-Iv-fo-kv {]-Xy-£-Øn-¬ {In-kv-Xym-\n-bm-bn Po-hn-°m-sa-∂v k-Ω-Xn®p. F-∂m-¬ I-¬-°-dm-Øokv, A-Xn\pw hnk-Ω-Xn®p. Cu {]-Xn-k-‘n-L-´-Øn-¬ X-s∂ k-lm-bn-°m-≥ K-h¿-Æ-¿ a-s‰m-cp kv-t\-ln-X\m-b Iv-fn-\n-t°m-kn-s\ sIm-´m-c-Øn-¬ h-cp-Øn. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ D-]-tZ-i-ß-ƒ th≠-{X hn-P-bn-®n-√. F¶nepw A-h-¿ \m-Sp-hn-Sm-≥ Xo-cp-am-\n-® I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kn-s\ ]ptcmln-X a-T-Øn-se-Øn-°p-∂-Xn-\v k-lm-bn-®p. Iv-fn-\n-t°m-kv Zn-h-k-߃-°v ti-jw X-s‚ a-T-Øn-te-°p Xn--cn-®-t∏m-ƒ X-s∂ kzo-I-cn-°m-s\-Øn-b-h-cn-¬ I-¬-°-dm-Øokpw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. B ]p-tcm-ln-X-h-cy-\v ap-ºv A-t±-lw A-hn-sS FØn-t®-¿-∂n-´p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv _p-≤n-am-\pw, hn-Zymk-º-∂-\pw, Zm-¿-i-\n-I-\pw, sF-iz-cy-hm-\p-amWv. X-s‚ kz-Øv ]cn-]me-\w K-h-¿Æ-sd G-¬-∏n-®m-Wv I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv ]-emb-\w sN-bv-XXv. aq-∂v h¿-jw I-gn-™p Xn-cn-®p h-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ kz-Øv aq∂m-bn `m-Kn-°p-Ibpw H-cp `m-Kw K-h-¿-Æ-¿°pw H-cp `m-Kw Bt{¥m-Iv-fo-kn\pw A-h-ti-jn-°p∂Xp Cu a-T-Øn-\pw \-¬-I-W-sa∂v A-t±-lw hy-h-ÿ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. h-cp-tºm-ƒ h-ln-°m-hp-∂n-StØm-fw kº-Øv A-t±-lw Np-a∂p-sIm-≠p-h∂p. B-h-iy-°m¿°v hn-Xc-Ww sN-øm-≥ a-Tm-[n-]-Xn-sb G-¬-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. a-T-Øn-se Pohn-X km-l-N-cy-ß-fp-am-bn I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv Gsd-°p-sd C-W-ßn-Øp-Sßn. a-\- n-s‚ N-©-em-hÿ-°v B-izmkw e-`n-°m-≥ C-hn-sS F-Øn-t®-¿-∂ kp-lrØn-t\m-Sv Iv-fn-\n-t°mkv ]d™p "G-‰hpw hen-b a-lm-Zr-„m-¥w Im-Wp-tºm-ƒ am-{Xta Xm-¶-fp-sS a\- v kz-ÿ-am-I-bp≈q. A-Xn-s‚ k-μ¿-`w A-Sp-Øn-cn°p∂p. Cu {]-Xo£n-X hr-Øm-¥-Øn-s‚ t]-cn-¬ X-s∂-bm-Wv Rm-≥ Cu a-Tw Xn-c-s™-Sp-ØXv. th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-ƒ {]-h-Nn-® H-cp alm kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v Rm-≥ Cu a-T-Øn-se ]p-tcm-ln-X-≥am-tcmSv kw-km-cn®p. C-Xv tI-´v A-h-¿ B-Àm-Z-`-cn-X-cmbn. A-hcn-semcmfm-b "_-lo-d' F-∂ B-dm-ao bp-hm-hv A-td-_y-≥ ]p-Wy-`q-an-bnse B-fpI-sf t\-cn-¬ I-≠p hnh-cw A-t\z-jn-°m-≥ A-h-cp-sS KXm-K-X am-¿-§am-b kn-dn-b-bp-sS H-cp `mK-Øv H-cp B-cm-[-\me-bw


43 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

\n-¿-an®p. C-t∏m-ƒ A-hn-sS Xm-a-kn-®p h-cn-I-bm-Wv. h-Wn-Iv kwL-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂p e-`n-°p-∂ ]pXn-b hn-h-c-ß-ƒ A-t±-lw C-S-°nsS R-ß-ƒ-s°-Øn-®p X-cm-dp-≠v.' H-cp Zn-\w _-lo-dm ]p-tcm-ln-X-≥ X-s‚ Iq-´pIm-tcmSp IqSn, Kp-cp a-T-Øn-seØn. A-t±-lw l-¿-j-]p-f-In-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p. A-`q-X]q-¿-Δam-b ]pf-Iw! A-\n-X-c km-[m-c-Wam-b B-lv-fmZw! "\mw {]Xo-£n-® _me-s\ Rm-≥ I≠p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cv ap-lΩ-Zv F∂p Xs∂. ]n-Xm-hv A-–p-√ a-cn-®p-t]m-bn. A-\¥-cw ]n-Xm-a-l-≥ kw-c-£n®p. A-t±-l-Øn-\v ti-jw Ip-´n-sb ]-cn-c-£n-°p∂-Xp ]nXr-hy-\mWv. A-t±-l-tØm-sSm-∏-am-Wv h-∂n-´p-≈Xv. A-¥y-{]-hmNI-s‚ {]-I-S-am-b `uXn-I Nn-”w A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ i-co-c-Øn-¬ Rm-≥ I≠p. A-Xv Npw-_n-°m-\p-≈ ku-`m-Kyw F-\n-°p e-`n®p. Cu bm-{Xm kw-L-sØ-°p-dn-®v X-te-∂v cm{Xn X-s∂ F-\n-°v kz]v-\w D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂-Xm-Wv A-¤pXw' _-lo-dm km-th-iw ]d-™p. hn-kv-a-b-I-cam-b Cu hm-¿-Ø tI-´v I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv _-lodm-bp-sS B-cm-[-\m-e-b-Øn-te-°v A-t±l-sØ A-\p-K-an-°p-∂-Xn\v X-øm-dm-bn. ]t£ _-lo-dm-bp-sS a-dp]-Sn C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p: "Xm-¶ƒ-°v th-W-sa-¶n-¬ A-tßm´p-t]mImw F-\n-°-hn-sS H-cm-hiy-hp-an-√. Rm-\n-t∏m-ƒ C-dm-°n-te-°m-Wv t]m-Ip-∂-Xv.A-hn-sS-bmWv F-s‚ a-s‰m-cp an-{X-am-b '\-kv-Xq-¿' Xm-a-kn-°p-∂Xv. Cu Kp-cph-cy-sc-t∏m-se A-t±-lhpw Im-Øp ]m-¿Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. A-Xn-\p ti-jw Rm-≥ A-td-_y-bn-te-°p \o-ßn-sb-∂p-h-cpw.' ]s£, I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv _-lo-dm-sb ]n-¥p-Scp-I X-s∂ sNbv-Xp, cmhpw ]-Iepw A-h-¿ ]-cn-Nm-c-I k-ta-Xw bm-{X-sN-bvXp. kn-dn-bbp-sSbpw C-dm-°n-s‚-bpw at≤y A-Xn¿-Øn tk-\m-k-t¶X-ßfmb tIm-´-I-fn-¬ H-∂n-\-cn-sI A-h-¿ F-Øn-t®-¿∂p. a-cp-`qan-I-ƒ Xm-≠n-°-S-°m-dp-≈ bm-{X-°m¿-°v A-`-b-k-t¶-X-ß-ƒ IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu tIm-´I-ƒ. A-Xn-s‚ Om-b-bn-¬ A-h-¿ A-¥n-bpdßn. A-Xm H-cp A-i-co-cn: "A-td-_y-bn-se A-\m-Y-_m-e-s‚ ASp-Øm-Wv X-ß-fp-sS ia-\w F-∂n-cn-t° C-dm-°n-se \-kv-Xq-dn-\-SptØ-°v t]m-Ip-∂-h-sc-°p-dn-®v B-›cyw!' A-i-co-cn ]-eX-h-W I¬-°-dm-Øo-kn-s‚ I-¿-Æ-]p-S-ß-fn-¬ Xp-f-®p-I-bdn. C-\n H-cp-\n-an-


44 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

jw ssh-In-°qSm. Kp-cp-h-cy-s‚ a-T-Øn-te-°p X-s∂ Xn-cn®p. th≠{X D-]tZ-i \n-¿-tZ-i-ß-ƒ kzo-I-cn®p. DS-s\ A-td-_y-bn-te-°v Xn-cn-°Ww. I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv Xo-cp-am-\n-®p. Zr-Vam-b Xo-cp-am\w. A-\p-a-Xn-°m-bn _-lo-dm-sb k-ao-]n®p. A-t±-lw {]m-¿-Y-\-bn-embn-cp∂p. \n-e-°m-Ø {]m-¿∞-\, Im-Øp \n-¬-°m-≥ k-a-b-ap-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. A-t±-lw h-∂ h-gn Xn-cn®p. ]-I-¬ ]n-d∂p. bm-{X XpS-¿∂p. C-cp´pw ap-sº a-T-Øn-se-∂p-sa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p {]-Xym-i. ]-t£ F-Øn-bn-√. am-\w I-dpØp, ssII-m-ep-I-ƒ X-f-¿∂p. hn-{iam¿-∞w h-gn-at≤y H-cn-S-Øn-cp∂p. A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bm-Wv A-Xp kw-`-hn-®Xv. G-Xm\pw B-fp-I-ƒ i-–-tIm-eml-ß-tfm-sS A-Sp-Øp h∂p. I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kn-s\ ]n-Sn-IqSn, I-Æp-sI´n, ssI-Im-ep-I-ƒ N-ß-e-°n´p. _-‘n-sb hm-l-\-Øn-¬ I-b‰n. A-h-¿ bm-{X-bmbn. B-lm-c-th-f-bn-¬ am{Xw I-Æn-\pw I-c-Øn\pw tamN-\w e-`n®p. t`mP-\w I-gn-™m-¬ ho≠pw C-cp´pw N-ß-e-bpw. aq-∂p Zn-hksØ bm-{X-°p ti-jw A-h-¿ X-ß-fp-sS {Km-a-Øn-seØn. _-\qI¬-_v F-∂ {]mIr-X Ad-_n tKm-{X-am-Wv kz-X-{¥-\m-bn P-\n-®, kz-X-{¥-\m-bn Po-hn-® X-s∂ tIh-ew H-c-Sn-a-bm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂v \m-fp-Iƒ-°v ti-jw I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kn-\p a-\- n-embn. e-fn-Xhpw ip-≤-hpam-b {Kmao-W Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ A-t±-lw kwXr-]v-Xn ]q≠p. Im-enI-sf ta-bv-°p-I. ]m-¬-Id-∂p b-P-am\-sc IpSn-∏n-°p-I, C-Xm-bn-cp-∂p {][m\ tPmen. {Ita-W A-t±-l-Øn-\p Ad-_n `m-j h-i-ambn. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]cpw C-∂p A-d-_n-bmWv˛k-_olv. kp_-lv k-ab-Øv _-‘n-X-\m-bXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu t]-¿ \-¬-I-s∏-´Xv. bu-h-\-Øn-s‚ h-k-¥-Øn-em-Wv B kw-`-hw D-≠m-bXv. ]n-t∂m´p-t]m-b h-¿-j-ß-ƒ C-∂p A-t±l-sØ \m¬]-Xp I-gn-™ a-≤y-h-b-kv-I-\m-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p. Cu H-‰-s∏-´-{Km-aØn-¬ h-√-t∏mgpw h-√ bm-{X-°mcpw h-cm-\n-S-bm-bm-¬ A-h-tcm-Sv a-°-bn-se A\m-Y _m-e-s\-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn°p-I k-_o-ln-s‚ ]-Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. H-cp Zn-\w A-t±-lw Im-enI-sf ta-bv®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-I-bm-Wv. A-t∏m-gm-Wv H-cp h-tbm-[n-I-≥ aq-∂v ]-cn-Nmc-I-tcm-Sv Iq-Sn A-hn-sS h-∂n-d-ßn-bXv. A-t±-lw Jp-ssd-iv tKm-{X-°m-c\msW-∂-dn-™-t∏m-ƒ k-_o-lv B-th-i-`-cn-X-\mbn. A-–p-√bpsS a-I-≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s\-°p-dn-®v Pn-⁄m-k-tbm-sS A-t±-l-tØm-Sv tNm-


45 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Zn®p. Cu tNm-Zyw B h-tbm-[n-I\ - n-¬ A-¤p-Xa - p-fh - m°n. k-_olpw \-hm-K-X\pw kw-km-c-Øn-¬ ap-gpIn. B-K-X-≥ X-s‚ km-l-kn-I-Xbp-sS Np-cp-f-gn®p. "F-s‚ t]¿ ssk-Zp-_v-\p Aw-dp-_v-\p \p-ss^¬ F-∂m-Wv. Rm-≥ a-°-°m-c-\mWv. ]-t£ aq-∂n-te-sd h-¿-j-ßfm-bn Rm-≥ \mSp hn-´n´v. A-s∂m-cp-\m-ƒ Rm-\pw F-s‚ kp-lrØp-°fm-b h-d-JØv, D-ss_-Zp-√mln, D-kv-am-≥ F-∂n-hcpw R-ßfp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ H-cp D-’-h-Øn-¬ kw-_-‘n®p. in-em ssZhß-tfm-Sv A-h-¿ Im-Wn-°p-∂ `-‡ym-Z-c-ß-ƒ I≠p. R-߃-°v ]cn-lm-khpw hy-k-\-hpw tXm∂n. A-ß-s\ R-ß-ƒ kXyw Xn-cbp-∂-Xn-\p th-≠n A-t\z-j-W bm-{X \-S-Øm-≥ Xo-cp-am-\n®p. kzKr-l-ß-fn-te-°v Xn-cn-®p t]mbn. ]t£, D-ss_-Zp-√m-ln-_v-\p Plvv-iv \m-´n-¬ X-s∂ I-gn-®p Iq´n. R-ß-ƒ aq-hcpw a-°-bn-¬ \n-∂p ]p-d-s∏´p. th-Z-°m-cn-¬ Pq-X-sc-bm-Wv R-ß-ƒ {]-Y-a-am-bn k-ao-]n®Xv. ]-t£ Pq-Xa-Xw Rß-sf H-´pw kw-Xr-]v-X-cm-°n-bn-√. ]n-∂oSv {In-kv-Xy-\n-Isf k-ao-]n®p. A-h-cp-sS a-X-Im-cy-ß-fn-¬ Nne-Xv tI-´-t∏m-ƒ F-s‚ Iq-´p-Im-¿ c-≠p-t]cpw {In-kv-Xp a-Xw kzo-I-cn®p. A-\¥-cw h-dJ-Øp_v\p \u-^-¬ kz-tZ-i-tØ-°p Xn-cn-®p. D-kvam-\p-_v-\p lp-ssh-cn-kv {In-kv-Xp-a-X-Øn-s‚ B-ÿm-\amb tIm¨-kv-‰m-‚ v t\m-∏n-fn-te°v, A-Xn-s‚ ]-cn-jv-°m-c-Øn-¬ B-Ir-„\m-bn ]p-d-s∏´p. F∂m-¬ Pq-X a-X-sØ-t∏m-se X-s∂ {In-kv-Xp-a-Xhpw Fs∂ Xr-]v-X-\m-°n-bn-√. aq-∂p h-¿-j-Øn-te-sd Rm-≥ C-_v-dmlow \-_n-bp-sS k-Xy-Zo-\-t\z-jn-®p Np-‰n-°-dßn. Nn-e kq-N-\-I-f-√msX F-\n-°v a-s‰m∂pw e-`n-®n-√. A-h-km\w "_-¬-Jm-Av' ]-´-WØn-se \n-kv-Xp-e\m-b H-cp {In-kvXo-b ]-finX-s\ I-≠p-ap-´n. Rm-≥ tX-Sn-Øn-c-bp-∂ a-Xw A-td-_y-bn-¬ X-s∂-bm-W-h-X-cn-°pI-sb∂pw ka-bw A-Sp-Øp I-gn-s™∂pw A-t±-lw F-s∂ A-dnbn®p. Xm-a-kn-bm-sX Rm-≥ kz-cm-Py-tØ-°v Xn-cn®p. A-t∏m-gm-Wv h-gn at≤y Xm¶-sf Im-Wm-\n-S-bm-bXv. X-s‚ e£yw X-s∂-bmWv Cu Jp-ssd-in hr-≤-\p-ap-≈-sX∂-dn™p, k-_o-lv B-\-μ-Xp-μn-e-\mbn. X-s‚ {]-Xo-£-I-ƒ hn-Scp-∂X - m-bn tXm∂n. A-t±-lw X-s‚ c-lk - y-Øn-s‚ ap-Jw-aq-Sn \o°n. I-¬-°-dm-Øo-kv k-_o-lmb-Xp h-sc-bp-≈ IY sskZn-t\m-S-t±-


46 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

lw hn-h-cn®p. ka-bw A-Xn-{I-an®p. X-ß-fp-sS Zm-k\pw ar-K-ß-ƒ°pw h-√Xpw kw-`-hn-t®m-sb-∂v b-P-am-\-≥ kw-i-bn®p. ]--t£ Jpssd-in A-Xn-Yn-bp-am-bn Zm-k-≥ Xn-cn-®p h-∂-t∏m-ƒ k-l¿-jw AXn-Yn-sb A-h-¿ kzo-I-cn®p. B-\-°e-lw kw-`-h-Øn-\p ti-jw Jp-ssd-in-I-ƒ-s°ßpw kv-t\-l-hpw _-lp-am-\-hp-amWv. ssk-Zn-s\ A-∂p cm{Xn A-h-¿ kmZ-cw hn-cp-∂q´n. t\-cw ]p-e-¿∂p. A-Xn-Yn ]p-d-Øn-dßn. "F-\n-°v \n-ß-tfm-sSm-c-t]-£-bp≠v. Cu A-Sna-sb \n-ß-ƒ F-\n-°v hn-e-t°m, kw-`m-h-\bmtbm \-¬-I-Ww.' ssk-Zv _-\p-I¬-_v {]-ap-J-tcm-Sv ]-d-™p. X-ß-fp-sS I-Æn-ep-Æn-bm-bn-Øo-¿-∂ k-_o-ln-s\ I-søm-gnbm-≥ A-h¿-°v a-\- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]-t£ ldw \n-hm-kn-sb ]nW-°m≥ ss[-cy-an-√m-ØXp-sIm-≠v Zmk-s\ A-h-¿ A-t±-l-Øn\p \-¬In. Ah-sc km-£n-I-fm°n, k-_o-ln-s\ A-t±-lw kz-X{¥-\m-°n. k-_oln--s\ k-t¶-X-Øn-se-Øn-°m-≥ A-h-¿ k∂-≤X {]-I-Sn-∏n®p. ]-t£ k-_o-lv hn-k-Ω-Xn®p. "\n-ß-tfm-sSm-∏ap≈ \n-hm-k-Øn-¬ F-\n-°v ssh-c-ky-an-√! kz-tZ-i-tØ-°p Xn-cn-°-Wsa-∂p-t±-in-°p-∂p-an-√. C-t±-l-tØm-sSm-∏w l-d-an¬ t]m-bn Xm-akn-°-W-sa-∂m-Wv F-s‚ A-`n-emjw' C-cp t]cpw bm-{X-]p-d-s∏´p. Nn-c-Im-em-`n-em-j-Øn-s‚ km£m-Xv-Im-c-Øn-\p-th≠n, ]-s£ A-h-¿ e-£y-ÿm-\-sØ-Øn-bn√. A-Xn-\n-S-s°m-cp Zp-Jx kw-`-h-ap-≠mbn. _-\q-e-Jv-av hw-i-Øneq-sS A-h-¿ IS-∂p t]m-Im-\n-S-bmbn. tKm-{X-Øn-se sIm-≈-°m¿ A-h-cp-sS h-iw k-º-Øp-s≠-∂v sX-‰-n-≤-cn-®p Ah-sc h-[n-®p I-f-™p. (A-em-lm-an-in- o-d: tUm: Xm-lmlp-ssk-≥) k-Xy-Zo-\n-s‚ Zm-l-P-e-Øn-\p-th≠n, \m-Sp-I-ƒ Xm-≠n At\z-j-W-bm-{X \-SØnb ssk-Zp-_v-\p Aw-dp-_v-\p \p-ss^-¬ A¥y-{]-hm-NI - s - \-°p-dn-®v A-t±-lØ - n-s‚ {]-hm-NI - e-œn-°p ap-ºpXs∂ hy-‡-am-b A-dn-hv I-c-K-X-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. ]-s£ \_n(k)sb Im-Wm-\p-≈ ku-`m-Kyw C-t±-l-Øn-\p e-`n-®n-√. H-cn-°-¬ B-an-dp_v-\p d_o-AØns\ I-≠p-ap-´n-b-t∏m-ƒ C-{]-Im-cw h-knø-Øv sNbvXp. C-kv-am-Cu-¬ k-¥-Xn-I-fn-¬ Rm-≥ H-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ {]-Xo£n-°p∂p. A-t±l-sØ Im-Wp-sa-∂v F-\n-°-`n-{]m-b-an-√. Rm-≥ A-t±l-sØ Aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-Ibpw hn-iz-kn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp-∂p. Xm-


47 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

¶ƒ-°v A-t±l-sØ Im-Wm-≥ A-hk-cw e-`-n-®m-¬ F-s‚ kemw k-a-¿-∏n-°Ww. ssk-Zn-\p ti-jw B-an-¿ h-f-sc-°m-ew Po-hn-®p. h-μy-{]-hmNI-s\ I-≠p. C-kvemw B-t«-jn®p. ssk-Zn-s‚ h-knø-Øv A-t±lw hn-kv-a-cn-®n-√. B-k-emw \_n(k)°p k-a-¿-∏n°p-I X-s∂ sN-bvXp. Xn-cp-ta-\n {]-Xy-`n-hmZyw sN-øp-Ibpw ssk-Zn-\p-th-≠n {]m-¿-∞n-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. (le-_n: 1:203) C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]p-{X≥ k-Cu-Zv H-cn-°-¬ \_n(k)tbm-Sp ]d™p: "A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ ZqXsc, ssk-Zv A-ßv Im-Wp-Ibpw tI-ƒ°p-Ibpw sN-bv-X-t]mse (k-Xy-hn-izm-kn)bm-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm≠v A-ßv A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]m-]-tam-N-\-Øn-\m-bn {]m-¿-∞n-®mepw!' Xn-cp-ta-\n ]-d-™p: "A-sX, Rm-≥ {]m-¿-∞n-°mw. A-t±-lw H‰-°v H-cp k-ap-Zm-b-am-bn A-¥y-Zn-\w D-bn-¿-sØ-gpt∂-¬-∏n-°-s∏-Spw.' (le-_n: 1:201)

ba≥ N-{I-h¿ - Ø - n-bp-sS ]n-∑m‰w b-a-\n-se Xp∫-Av cm-P-hw-iØn-se A-hkm-\ cm-Pm-hv "Xp_m-≥ A-kv-AZv' Zn-KzP-b-n-bm-bn C-d-ßn-Øn-cn®p. {]-Y-a -bm-{X-bn¬ a-Zo-\-bn-eq-sS I-S∂p-t]mbn. \m-´p-Im-¿ hen-b F-Xn-¿-∏p-Isfm∂pw {]-I-Sn-∏n-®n-√. kz-]p-{X-s\ {]-Xn-\n-[n-bm-bn \n-›-bn®p `-c-W-Im-cy-ß-ƒ G-¬-∏n-®p A-t±-lw In-g-t°m-´p-\oßn. a-S-°-bm{X-bn-¬ a-I-≥ h-[n-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn A-dn™p. £p-`n-X\m-b cm-Pm-hv aZo-\ X-I-¿-°m-≥ Xo-cp-am-\n®p. a-Zo-\-°m-sc D-∑q-e-\w sN-øm\pw Cu-Ø-∏-\-I-ƒ sh-´n-ap-dn-°m\pw Zr-V-\n›-bw sN-bv-Xp. (C-_v-\pln-imw: 1:15) cm-Pm-hn-s‚ Iq-´p-I-mcn-sem-cm-ƒ H-co-Ø-∏-\-bn-¬ \n-∂v ]-gw ]-dn-°p-∂-Xm-bn D-S-a-ÿ-≥ I≠p. "CuØ-∏-\ \-´p-h-f-¿-Øn-bhs‚ A-h-Im-i-am-Wv ]-g-ß-ƒ F-∂p ]d-™v D-S-a Ah-s\ h-[n-®p. Cu kw-`hw, a-Zo-\m \n-hm-kn-I-tfm-Sv cm-Pm-hn-\p-≈ t{Im-[-Øn-\p Im-Tn\yw Iq´n. bp-≤w Xp-Sßn. Ccp-ssk-\y-ßfpw G-‰p-ap´n. hnim-e-a-\-kv-Icm-b a-Zo-\-°m-cp-sS s]-cp-am-‰w cm-Pm-hn-s\ A-¤p-Xs∏-SpØn. ]-I-¬ A-h-¿ A-t±-l-hp-am-bn bp-≤w-sN-øpw. cm{Xn hncp∂q-´p-Ibpw sN-øpw! "\-Ωp-sS i-{Xp-°-ƒ hf-sc D-Zm-c-a-Xn-I-ƒ X-


48 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

s∂!' cm-Pm-hv A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. t]m-cm-´w Xp-S-¿∂p. _-\qJp-ssd-fm Pq-X]p-tcm-ln-X-∑m-cn-¬ c-≠p-t]-¿ CS-°p cm-Pm-hn-s\ k-ao-]n®p. A-h-cn-cph-cpw A-t{K-kc ]-fin-X-cmWv. "aZo-\ X-I-¿-°p-I-sb-∂ e-£y-Øn-¬ \n-∂v ]n-≥hm-ßp-I; A-Xp km-[ya-√. t]m-cm-´-hp-am-bn ap-t∂m-´p t]m-bm-¬ B-I-kv-an-I-am-bn in-£ A-\p-`-hn-t°-≠n h-cpw' A-h-¿ D-]-tZ-in®p. cm-Pm-hv Im-c-W-a-t\z-jn®p. "C-Xv H-cp {]-hm-N-I-s‚ ]-em-b-\ ÿe-am-Wv. A-¥y-\m-fn-¬ l-d-an-¬ Jp-ssd-in-I-fp-sS at≤y A-t±-lw {]-Xy-£-s∏-Spw. Cu {]-tZ-iw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hm-k-ÿ-ehpw Bÿm-\-hp-am-bn-Øo-cpw'. A-h-¿ hn-i-Zo-I-cn®p. cm-P-a-\-kn-¬ a-Xn-∏p-f-hm°n-b Pq-X ]-fin-X-∑m-cp-sS D-]-tZiw A-t±-lw sN-hn-s°m≠p; bp-≤w \n-¿Øn. _nw-_m-cm-[-I\pw _lp-ssZ-h hn-izm-kn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂ A-t±-lw Pq-X Kp-cp-h-cy-∑m-cpsS \n-¿-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-®p. Pq-Xa-Xw kzo-I-cn®p. a-Zo-\-bn-¬ \n-∂p bm-{X Xn-cn®p. X-\n-°p c-£m-am¿-§w Im-Wn®p-sIm-Sp-Ø ]p-tcmln-X-∑m-sc c-≠p-t]-scbpw A-t±-lw kz-cm-Py-tØ-°p £-Wn®p. A-h-¿ £-Ww kzo-I-cn®p. A-t±l-sØ ]n-¥p-S-¿-∂p. (C-_v-\p lnimw: 1:15 17) a-°-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv Xp∫-Av N-{I-h¿-Øn b-a-\n-te-°v bm-{XXn-cn-®-Xv. D-kv-^m-≥, Aa-Pv F-∂o {]-tZ-i-ß-fp-sS a-t≤y F-Øn-bt∏m-ƒ lp-ssZ-ep tKm-{X-°mcm-b H-cp hn-`m-K-am-fp-I-ƒ N-{I-h-¿Øn-sb k-ao-]n®p C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-™p. "k-ar-≤am-b [-\w \n-t£]n-®n-´p-≈ H-cp `h-\w R-ß-ƒ A-dn-bn-®p-X-cmw. A-hn-sS apØv, tKm-ta-ZIw, am-Wn-Iyw, kz-¿-Æw, sh-≈n F-∂o hn-e-s∏-´ h-kv-Xp°-fp≠v. A-Xp a-°m \n-hm-kn-I-ƒ B-cm-[-\m-{]m-¿-∞-\-I-ƒ \-SØp-∂ ho-Sm-Wv.' I-Av-_m a-μnc-sØ B-{I-an°m-s\m-cp-ßn-b-h-scsbm-s° \in-∏n-°-s∏´-Xp {]-kn-≤-am-W-t√m. A-{]-Im-cw Xp∫-Av N-{I-h-¿Øn°pw A_-≤w ]n-W-b-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p lp-ssZep-tKm-{X-°mcp-sS D-t±iw. cm-Pm-hv X-s‚ D-]-tZ-„mhm-b Kp-cp-\m-Y-cn-cp-h-tcmSpw A-`n-{]m-b-am-cm™p. "A-h-¿ Xm-¶-fp-sSbpw ]-´m-f-Øn-s‚bpw hn\m-i-sØ-bm-Wv e£yw sh-®n-´p-≈Xv. X-s∂ B-cm-[n-°p-∂-Xn-\p th-≠n A-√mlp Cu temI-Øv ÿm-]n-® H-cp ]p-Wy-tK-lw C-X-


49 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

√m-sX a-s‰m-∂p-≈-Xm-bn R-ß-f-dn-bn-√. A-h-¿ ]-d-™ Im-cy-Øn\p ap-Xn-¿-∂m-¬ Xm-¶ƒ ssk-\y-k-ta-Xw \m-i-a-S-bpw' A-h-¿ KpW-tZm-jn®p. "Rm-≥ A-hn-sS-sb-Øn-bm-¬ sN-tø-≠ I-¿-Ω-ß-ƒ F-¥mWv?' Xp-∫Av tNm-Zn-®p. X-t±-i-hm-kn-I-ƒ sN-øpw-t]m-se B ho-Sns\ {]-Z£ - n-Ww sh-°p-Ib - pw B-Zc - n-°p-Ibpw in-tcm-tI-iw £ucw sN-øp-I-bpw hn-S-sN-m√p-w h-sc AXn-t\m-Sv hn\-bw Im-Wn-°p-Ibpw sN-øpI.' A-h-¿ \n-¿-t±-in-®p. "F-¶n-¬ \n-ß-ƒ F¥p-sIm-≠v A{]-Im-cw sN-øp-∂n-√.?' cm-Pm-hv k-tμ-lw {]-I-Sn-∏n®p. A-h-¿ ImcWw hy-‡-am°n. "A-√m-lp-hm-Wv kXyw, R-ß-fp-sS h-μy-]n-Xmhmb C-_v -dm-lo-an-s‚ ]p-Wy-tK-l-am-WXv, B-Z-c-Wo-b-hp-am-WXv. ]t£, A-Xn-s‚ B-fp-I-ƒ A-hn-sS hn-{K-l-ß-ƒ {]-Xn-jvTn-°p-Ibpw A-h-°p-th-≠n _-en-I-¿-Ω-ß-ƒ \-S-Øp-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. CXm-Wv R-߃-°v {]-Xn-_-‘-am-bn \n-¬-°p-∂-Xv.' ]p-tcm-ln-X∑ - m-¿ c-≠p-t]cpw X-s‚ A-`yp-Zb - I - mw-£n-If - m-sW∂v cm-Pm-hn-\p ]q¿-Æ-t_m[yw h∂p. a-°m-bn-¬ sN-∂p A-h-cp-]tZ-in-® I-¿-Ω-ß-ƒ \-SØn. B-dp Znh-kw P-\-߃-°v B-lm-chpw amw-khpw tX\pw \-¬-In-s°m-≠v A-t±-lw A-hn-sS Xm-a-kn-®p. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw: 1:19,20)

\kvX - q-dm-bpsS k-Xy-km£yw a-°m Jp-ssd-in-I-ƒ h-Wn-°p-I-fm-Wv. A-h-cn-¬ kzØpw {]Xm-]-hp-ap-≈ kv-{Xo-bm-Wv Jp-ssh-en-Zn-s‚ ]p{Xn J-Zo-P(d). X-s‚ [-\-Øn-¬, I-®h-Sw \-S-Øm-≥ ]p-cp-j-∑m-sc Iq-en-°p hn-fn°p-I A-h-cp-sS ]-Xn-hm-bn-cp∂p. ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n(k)bp-sS A-\n-X-ckm-[m-c-Wam-b k-Xy-k-‘-X-bpw hn-iz-ÿ-Xbpw kz-`m-h-a-ln-abpw JZo-P A-dn-bm-\n-S-bmbn. A-h-¿ Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS A-Sp-tØ-°v ZqXs\ hn´p. X-s‚ N-c-°p-I-fp-am-bn kn-dn-b-bn-te-°v I-®-h-S-Øn-\p t]m-IWw. a-‰p-≈-h¿-°v sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-ep]-cn {]-Xn^-ew \-¬Im-sa-∂pw kz-Zm-k≥ ssa-k-d-Øn-s\ Iq-sS A-b-°m-sa∂pw JZoP A-dn-bn®p. Xn-cp-ta-\n J-Zo-P-bp-sS A-`y¿-∞-\ kzo-I-cn®p. I-®h-S-®-c-°p-I-fp-am-bn ssa-k-d-tØm-sSm-∏w kn-dn-bbn-te-°v bm-{Xbm-bn. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 1:203)


50 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

C-cp-hcpw {_q-km ]-´-W-Øn-seØn. Xn-cp-ta-\n H-cp hr-£—m-b-bn-¬ hn-{i-an®p. k-ao-]-Øm-bn \-kv-Xq-dm ]p-tcm-lnX-s‚ aTw ÿn-Xn-sN-øp∂p. \-kv-Xq-dm ]-cn-Nn--X\mb ssa-k-dØn-t\m-Sv tNm-Zn®p. "Cu hr-£-®p-h-´n-¬ C-dßn-b hy-‡n B-cm-Wv?' l-dw \n-hm-knbpw Jp-ssd-iv hw-iP - \ - p-am-b H-cmƒ'. ssa-kd-Øp ]-d™p. "Cu hr-£-®p-h-´n-en-d-ßn-b-Xv H-cp {]-hm-N-I-\-√m-sX a-‰m-cpa-√' th-Z-]-fin-X\m-b \-kv-Xq-dm A-`n-{]m-bw tc-J-s∏-SpØn. "A-bmfp-sS \-b-\-Øn-¬ A-cp-Wm-`-bpt≠m?' AsX. k-Zm -Zr-iyam-b NpI-∏-S-bm-f-ß-fp-ap≠v' ssa-kd-Øp ]-d-™p. hr-£-—m-b-bn-se a-lma-\p-jy-s\ hy-‡-ambpw {K-ln-® ]p-tcm-ln-X-≥ {]-kv-Xm-hn®p. "B {]-Xo£n-X hy-‡n C-t±-lw X-s∂-bmWv. C-t±-lw A-¥y-{]-hm-NI-\mWv. a-X{]-t_m-[-\-Øn-\p C-d-ßn-Øn-cn-°m-≥ C-t±-lw B⁄m-]n-°-s∏-Sp-tºm-ƒ F-\n-°v C-t±l-sØ I-s≠-Øm-≥ km-[ns®-¶n-¬ \-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.' k-l-bm-{Xn-I-≥ A-km-[m-c-W hy-‡n-bmsW-∂p a-‰p ]-e e-£-W-ß-fn-¬ \n∂pw a-\- n-em°nb ssa-k-d-Øn-s‚ a-\- n-¬ \-kv-Xq-dm-bp-sS hm-°p-I-ƒ B-g-Øn-¬ ]-Xn™p. A-h-¿ I®-h-S hn-]-Wn-bn-te-°v \oßn. hym-]m-cw Xp-Sßn. CS-°p H-cm-ƒ A-hnsS FØn. Nn-e hn¬-∏-\ h-kv-Xp-°-sf-°p-dn-®p Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-am-bn A-t±-lw X-¿-°n®p. A-`n-{]m-b `n-∂-X D-≠m-bm-¬ kXyw sN-bvXp ]-cn-lm-c-ap-≠m°p-I k-¿-Δ-km-[m-c-W ]-Xn-hmWv. A-d-_n-I-ƒ G-‰w Iqdpw `-‡nbpw ]p-e-¿-Øp-∂ ssZ-h-ß-fm-Wv em-Øbpw D m-bpw. A-h-¿ kp-{][m-\ Im-cy-ß-ƒ-°m-W-bn-Sp∂-Xv C-h-cp-sS t]-cn-em-bn-cn-°pw. B-K-X-≥ em-Øm D- m ssZ-h-ß-fp-sS t]-cn-¬ kXyw sNøm-\m-h-iy-s∏´p. A-t∏m-ƒ Xn-cp-ta-\n ]-d™p: "Ahsb ]n-Sn-®p Rm-\n-Xph-sc kXyw sN-bv-Xn´n√'. DS-s\ A-bm-ƒ ]-d-™p. "A-sX, Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™-Xm-Wv icn.' _lp-ssZ-h-ß-fp-sS I-qØ-cßm-b a-°-bn-¬ \n-∂p h-∂ Hcp hym-]m-cn X-s‚ \m-´p-Im-cm-cp-sS \n-Xy-io-e-Øn-\p hn-cp-≤-am-bn _lp-ssZ-h-ß-fn¬ ssh-ckyw {]-I-Sn-∏n-®-t∏m-ƒ th-Z-⁄\m-b A-bm-ƒ Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb th-≠-hn-[w {i-≤n®p. ]n-s∂ ssa-k-d-Øns\ hn-fn-®p c-l-ky-am-bn ]-d™p: "C-sXm-cp {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv; Fs‚ B-flm-hn-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-\m-Wv k-Xyw, R-ß-fp-sS ]p-tcm-ln-X-


51 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

∑m-¿ X-ß-fp-sS a-X-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn Im-Wp∂ B a-lm-hy-‡n C-t±-lw X-s∂'. ssa-kdØv Cu kw`-hw Xs‚ Hm-¿-Ω-bp-sS A-d-bn-¬ kq-£n-®p. I-®h-Sw I-gn-™p. N-c-°pI-ƒ hn-‰-gn™p. B-h-iy-ap-≈-h hmßn. A-h-¿ em-`n®p; A-km-[mc-Wam-b em-`w! (l-e_n 1:216,219)

h-dJ - Ø - n-s‚ Aw-Ko-Imcw h\n-tXm-’-h kpZn-\w k-am-K-X-ambn. a-°-bn-¬ Jp-ssd-iv tKm-{X-Øn-se \m-cn-am-cp-sS H-cp {]-tXy-I D-’-h-am-Wn-Xv. A-h-¿ l-d-an-¬ km-lv-fm-Zw k-tΩ-fn-®p. CS-°v A-hn-sS H-cp Pq-X-≥ FØn-t®-¿∂p. X-s∂ {i-≤n-® kv-{Xo-I-tfm-Sv A-t±-lw ]-d™p: "Jpssd-iv h-\n-X-Itf, \n-ß-fn-¬ H-cp {]-hm-NI-s‚ B-Ka-\w B-k∂-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. \n-ß-fn-¬ h-√ -kv-{Xo-°pw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ k-l[-¿-Ωn-WnbmIp-hm-≥ km-[n-°p-sa-¶n-¬ A-Xn-\p -{i-an-°pI.' C-Xp tI-´ h-\n-X-Iƒ tcm-jm-Ip-e-cmbn. A-bm-sf A-h-¿ I-s√-dn™p. I-Tn-\-am-bn i-Im-cn®p. A-k`yw ]-d-™p. F-∂m-¬ J-Zo-P-bp-sS a\- n-¬ PqX-s‚ \n-¿-tZ-iw B-™p-X-d°p-I X-s∂ sN-bvXp. Ahsc kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw A-Xp kp-{Km-ly-am-bn-cp-∂p. (l-e_n 1:228) kn-dn-b-bn-se I-®h-Sw I-gn-™v ssa-kd-Øv a-°-bn-¬ Xn-cns®Øn. bm-{Xm-a-t≤y-bp≠m-b A-¤p-Xm-\p-`-hß-ƒ J-Zo-P-sb tIƒ-∏n®p. A-h-¿ {]-kvXp-X hn-h-c-ß-ƒ h-d-J-Øp-_v-\p \u-^ent\m-Sv ]-d™p. A-t±-lw J-Zo-Pbp-sS ]n-Xr-hy-]p-{X-\pw th-Z-{K-Ÿß-ƒ ]-Tn-® {In-kv-{Xo-b ]-fin-X-\p-amWv. "Cu hr-Øm-¥w k-Xyam-sW-¶n-¬ J-ZoPm, ap-lΩ-Zv \n- wibw Cu k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\mWv. Cu k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v {]-Xo-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ H-cp {]hm-N-I-\p-s≠-∂v Rm-≥ t\c-sØ a-\- n-em-°n-bn-´p≠v. C-Xp AtZ-l-Øn-s‚ BK-a-\ Im-e-am-Wv.' Nn-c-Im-e-am-bn Im-Øn-cp-∂ {]-hm-N-I-≥ {]-Xy-£-s∏Spw apºv Xm-≥ a-cn®p-t]mIptam F-∂ B-i-¶ A-t±l-sØ A-kz-ÿ\m-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. A-t±-lw ]-cn`-h-s∏´p. "F-t∏m-gm-Wv A-t±-lw {]-Xy-£-s∏-Sp-I! G-Xp-h-sc-bm-Wv Rm-≥ Im-Øn-cn-°p-I' h-dJ-Øv A-\¥-cw G-Xm\pw I-hn-Xm-i-I-e-ß-ƒ D-cp-hn-Sp-I-bp-≠mbn. H-cp


52 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

iI-ew C-Xm-bn-cp-∂p:

ÉkLƒodho ºr ¡o dn hs GC âo ær μo an ät ~p¡°n T ºr co GnP ¿n Énc Éne GnPGEp »pà«r dn Én«an "B kw-`-h-ap-≠m-Ip-tºm-ƒ, Rm-≥ Po-hn-®n-cn-∏p-≈-h\pw B-Zy-am-bn A-Xn-¬ {]-th-in-°p-∂-h\pw B-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-¬ \-∂mbn-cp-t∂-s\!' (C-_v-\p ln-imw 1:208) ap-l-ΩZv(k) kn-dn-bbn-¬ \n-∂v a-°-bn-te-°v Xn-cn-®-t∏m-ƒ A-tZ-l-sØ ]n-¥p-S-cp-∂-Xm-bn JZo-P I-≠ ta-L-°p-Sbpw kz-Zmk≥ ssa-kd-Øv hn-h-cn-® kw-`-h-ßfpw th-Z-]-fin-X\m-b h-dJØp \-¬In-b hn-i-Zo-I-c-W-ßfpw a-ln-fm-ta-f-bn-¬ tI-´-Xn-\p Dt]m-Zv-_-e-I-ß-fm-bn-Øo-¿∂p. Pq-X-≥ ]-d-™ hn-in-„ a-\p-jy-≥ ap-lΩ-Zv(k) X-s∂-bm-sW-∂v J-Zo-P(d) Zr-V-am-bn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏´p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]-Xv-\o ]-Z-a-e-¶-cn-°m-\p-≈ ku-`mKyw X-\n-°v e`n-°Ww. A-Xm-bn ]n-∂o-Sv A-h-cp-S G-‰w h-en-b A-`n-emjw. Ah-¿ C-Xn-\m-bn {i-a-am-cw-`n-®p. l-kvd-Øv \-^okm(d) sb hn-´p hn-hm-l-t\zj-Ww \-SØn. Zr-V-a-\-kv-Ibpw Ip-eo-\bpw A-Xn-kp-μ-cnbpw k-¿-tΔm]-cn ]-cnip-≤-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p J-Zo-P(d). Xn-cp-ta-\n-bpw ]n-Xr-hy-≥-amcpw k¥p-„-cmbn. A-h-¿ hn-hml-Øn-\p k-∂-≤-cmbn. Aß-s\ ]n-Xrhy-cp-sS km-∂n-≤y-Øn-¬ Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS hn-hm-lw \-S∂p. J-Zo-Pbp-sS ]n-Xr-hy-≥ Aw-dp-_n-≥ A-k-Zm-Wv Ah-sc \n-Im-lv sN-bv-Xp sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. (l-e-_n 1:223- 229) Ime-N{Iw ap-t∂m-´p I-dßn. h-¿-j-ß-ƒ ]e-Xpw I-gn-™p I-S∂p. Zmº-Xy Po-hn-Xw ]-X-n\-©p-h¿-jw ]n-∂n-´p. P-\-ß-fp-sS I-Æn-ep-Ænbpw k-I-e k-Zv-Kp-W-k-º-∂-\pam-b ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n(k) X-s‚ ]-cn-kc-Øv \n-∂-I∂v. H‰-°p H-cnS-Øv B-cm[-\m \n-c-X-\m-Im-≥ Xp-Sßn. k-l-[-¿-Ωn-Wn-bn-¬ \n-∂v B-lm-c-km-[\-ß-ƒ X-øm-¿ sN-bv-Xp ln-dm Kp-l-bn-te-°p \o-ßn-bm-¬ Zn-h-kß-ƒ I-gn-™p Xn-cn-®p-h-cpw. H-cp Zn-\w ln-dm-bn-¬ B-cm-[-\-bn-¬ ap-gp-In-bn-cn-s° ae-Iv Pn-_v-co-¬(A) B-K-X-\mbn. A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-Y-a k-tμ-iw Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb ]-Tn-∏n®p. Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ B-Zy-sØ A-\p`-hw \-_n(k)sb kw-`o-X-


53 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

\m°n. hn-d®p-sIm-≠m-Wv kz-]-Xv-\n-bp-sS A-Sp-tØ-°v Xn-cn-®Xv. A-h-¿ {]n-b-h-√`-s\ ]p-X-∏n®p. k-am-iz-kn-∏n®p. `o-Xn-amdn. hn-d \n-e®p. Xn-cp-ta-\n im-¥-\m-bn. kw`-hw A-hn-Sp-∂v J-ZoP-sb tIƒ-∏n®p. "A-cpXv: A-√m-lp-hm-W, Aß-sb A-√m-lp A-h-K-Wn-°bn-√, Imc-Ww A-hn-Sp-∂v Ip-Spw-_-_-‘w ]p-e-¿-Øp∂p. k-Xy-k‘-am-bn kw-km-cn-°p∂p. Zp-¿-_e-s\ c-£n-°p∂p. Z-cn-{Z-s\ klm-bn-°p∂p. A-Xn-Yn-sb B-Z-cn-°p∂p. k-Xy-Øn-\p -t\-cn-Sp-∂ hn-]-Øp-°-fn-¬ P-\ß-sf k-lm-bn-°p∂p' ]n-∂o-Sv J-Zo-P(d) \_n(k)sb-bp-am-bn h-d-J-Øn-s\ k-ao-]n®p. Xn-cp-ta\n, ln-dmbn-¬ I-≠ Zr-iy-sØ-°p-dn-®v h-d-JØn-t\m-Sp kw-km-cn®p. X-Zhk-cw th-Z-]-fin-X\m-b h-dJ-Øv ]-d™p: "C-Xp (ln-dm-bn-¬ I-≠Xv) aqkm(A)bp-sS ta¬ A-√m-lp A-h-X-cn-∏n-® \m-aqkv (Pn-_v-co-¬) B-Ip∂p. Xm-¶-fp-sS {]-t_m-[\w Fs‚ bu-h-\ Im-e-L-´-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ ........!kz-_-‘p°-ƒ Xm¶-sf \m-´n-¬ \n-∂p ]p-d-Øm-°p-tºm-ƒ Rm-≥ Po-hn-®n-cn°p-sa-¶n-¬..... !!'. "C-h-sc-s∂ ]p-d-Øm°p-tam?' ˛X-Z-hk-cw Xn-cpta-\n tNm-Zn-®p. "Xm-¶ƒ sIm-≠p-h-∂Xp-t]m-ep-≈ Im-cy-hp-am-bn h-∂n-´p-≈ H-cp hy-‡nbpw F-Xn-¿-°-s∏-Sm-Xn-cp-∂n-´n-√. Xm-¶-fp-sS B -Zn-\w F-s∂ F-Øn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ kp-i-‡am-b k-lm-bw A-tß-°p Rm-≥ \-¬-Ipw.' h-dJ-Øv a-dp]-Sn ]-d-™p. Cu kw-`-hØn-\p ti-jw Xm-a-kw-hn-\m h-dJ-Øp ]c-tem-Iw ]q-Ip-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. (_p-Jmcn, ap-kvenw)

A-±m-kv Xr-∏m-Zw Npw-_n-°p∂p B {In-kv-Xo-b-Zmk-≥, X-s‚ b-P-am-\-∑m-cp-sS B-⁄-b\p-k-cn®v Cu-Ø-∏-\-°p-ebp-am-bn ap-t∂m-´p \oßn. tXm-´-Øn-s‚ H-c-‰Øv, H-cp hr-£-—m-bbn-¬ X-f-¿-∂-h-i-\m-bn C-cn-°p-∂ bm-{X°mc-s‚ k-ao-]-sØØn "C-Xp `p-Pn-®m-epw' Cu-Ø∏-gw k-hn\bw ap-ºn-¬ sh®p-sIm-≠v A-t±-lw ]-d™p. "_n-kv-an-√mln' ]-d™p sIm-≠v A-Xn-Yn B-lm-cw I-gn-°m-≥ Xp-Sßn. A-±m-kv Xpdn®p-t\m°n. A-bm-ƒ A-¤p-X-]-c-X-{¥-\mbn. "CXp Cu {]-tZ-iØ - p-Im-cmcpw D-cp-hn-Sm-Ø hm-NI - a - m-Wt√m!' A-±m-kv hn-kv-a-b Imc-Ww tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. "Xm-¶-ƒ G-Xp {]-tZ-i-


54 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Øp-Im-c-\m-Wv? G-Xv a-X-°m-c-\m-Wv?' A-Xn-Yn tNm-Zn-®p. "Rm-≥ {In-kv-Xy-\mWv. \o\-hm {]-tZ-i-Øp-Im-c-\mWv' A-t±-lw a-dp]-Sn sIm-SpØp. "a-Øm-bn-bp-sS a-I\pw kZvhr-Ø-\pam-b bq-\p-kn-s‚ \m-´p-Im-c-\m-Wv A-t√?' A-Xn-Yn-bp-sS tNmZyw A-±m-kn-s\ Iq-SpX-¬ Pn-⁄m-kp-hm°n. A-t±-lw km-¤p-Xw tNm-Zn®p. "aØm-bnbpsS ]p-{X-≥ bq-\p-kn-s\-°p-dn-®p \n-ß-ƒ-s°-ßn-s\ A-dn-bm-≥ km[n®p? "A-t±-lw F-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c-\mWv. {]-hm-N-I-\p-amWv. At±l-sØ Ip-dn-®p A-√m-lp F-\n-°v A-dn-hv \-¬-In-bn-cn-°p∂p.' A-Xn-Yn-bp-sS {]-Xn-Ic-Ww tI-ƒ-t°-≠-Xma-kw A-±m-kv B alm-]p-cpj-s‚ in-c pw ssI-Ifpw Im-¬-]m-Z-ßfpw Npw-_n®p. Xs‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ Xm-≥ tX-Sn-Øn-c-™p sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B cXv\w Hm-¿-°m-]pd-Øv ho-Wp-In´n-b {]-Xo-Xn A-t±-l-Øn-\p-≠mbn. Cu bm-{X-°m-c-≥ B-cm-sW-∂-dnbm-tam? tem-I-Kp-cphm-b ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n(k)b-√m-sX a-‰m-cpa-√. X-n-cp-ta-\n-°p Xmßpw X-W-ep-am-bn h-¿-Øn-® ]n-Xr-hy-≥ A-_q-Xzm-en-_v a-cn-®-t∏m-ƒ i{Xp-°-fp-sS a-¿-±-\˛]o-V-\-ß-ƒ- i-X-Kp-Wo-`-hn®p. h-√ c-£bpw In-´p-sa-∂ {]-Xo-£t- bm-sS Xn-cp-ta\n(k) X-s‚ am-Xr-_‘ - p°fmb k-Jo-^v tKm-{X-°m-sc°-≠v kw-km-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n Xm-C-^nte-°p ]p-d-s∏´p. t\-Xm-°fm-b A-–p-bm-en-¬, a-kv-DuZv, l-_o-_v F-∂nh-sc k-ao-]n®p. C-kvemw a-Xw B-t«-jn-°p-hm-\pw Zu-Xy\n-¿-Δ-l-W-Øn-\p X-s∂ k-lm-bn-°m\pw \_n(k) A-`y-¿-∞n®p. A-h-cp-sS {]-Xn-Ic-Ww ss\-cm-iy-P-\-I-am-bn-cp∂p. am-{Xa-√, hnUv-Vn-I-sfbpw th-e-°m-sc-bpw Xn-cp-ta-\n-°p-t\-sc A-h-¿ C-f-°nhn´p. Iq-°q-hn-fn-bpw ]-cn-lm-khpw I-t√-dp-am-bn A-h-¿ {]-hm-NIs\ ]n-¥p-S-¿∂p. Jp-ssd-in-Ifm-b D-Xv_-Øv ssi-_-Øp-am-cp-sS tXm-´-Øn-\-cn-sI-sbØn. k-Jo-^n-I-fm-b B-{I-an-I-ƒ ÿ-ew hn´p. \_n(k) hn-{i-am¿-∞w H-cp hr-£-Øn-s‚ X-W-en-en-cp-∂p. i-{Xp°-sf-¶nepw A-h-i\m-b Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS Z-b-\o-bm-h-ÿ I-≠-t∏mƒ, D-Xv-_-Øn\pw ssi-_-Øn\pw Ip-Spw-_-kv-t\-lhpw X-÷-\yamb I-\nhpw tXm∂n. A-h-¿ X-ß-fp-sS Zm-k\m-b A-±m-kn-s\ hnfn-®v C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-™p. "Cu Cu-Ø-∏-\-°p-e-sb-Sp-Øv ]m-{X-Øn¬-sh-®v B -hr-£-®p-h-´n-¬ C-cn-°p-∂ a-\p-jy\p sIm-Sp-°p-I.'


55 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

F-∂m-¬ A-±m-kv {l-kz- ka-bw sIm-≠v C-kv-em-an-\-Sn-a-s∏Sp-sa-∂p A-h-tcm-¿-Øn-√. A-h¿ tNm-Zn®p. "\n-\-s°-¥p-]‰n? \osb¥n--\p Ah-s‚ in-c pw ssI-Im-ep-Ifpw Npw-_n-®p? "h-μy b-Pam-\sc, C-bm-tf-°m-fp-Ø-a-\m-bn Cu `q-apJ-Øv a-s‰m-cm-fn-√. Cbm-ƒ F-t∂m-Sv H-cp Imcyw kw-km-cn®p. H-cp {]-hm-N-I-\-√m-sX as‰m-cm-ƒ°pw A-Xv A-dn-bm-≥ I-gn-bp-I-bn√'. A-±m-kv ]-d-™p. (Ah-ew_w: C-_v-\p-ln-imw: 2:28˛31 l-e-_n: 2:52)

\-÷m-in kvX - p-Xn-®p-]mSn J¥Jv bp-≤w ]-cy-h-km-\n®p. kw-`o-Xcm-b i-{Xp-°-ƒ ho´n-te-°v Xn-cn®p. Iq-´-Øn-¬ a-°-bn-se Aw-dp-_v-\p-¬ B-kpw D≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-\p-Zn-\w h-f-¿-∂p ]-S¿-∂p ]-¥-en®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ C-kv-em-an-s\ Ip-dn-®p A-t±-lw D-¬-°-Wv-Tm-Ip-e-\mbn. C-∂s√-¶n-¬ \m-sf a-°bpw C-kv-em-an-\v X-e-Nm-bv-°p-sa-∂v A-±tlw I≠p. Xm-\p-am-bn A-`n-{]m-ssb-Iy-ap-≈ G-Xm\pw Jp-ssd-io Iq-´pIm-sc hn-fn-®p-Iq-´n Aw-dv H-cp N-¿-® \-SØn. "ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ Imcyw F-√m-‰n-s\bpw A-Xn-P-bn®p ap-t∂-dp-∂-Xm-bn Rm-≥ Im-Wp-∂p.' A-t±-lw X-s‚ A-`n-{]m-bw ]-d-™p-Xp-Sßn. "F-tXym-]y-bn-se \-÷m-io N-{I-h-¿-Øn-sb \-ap-°v A`-bw {]m-]n-°mw. ap-lΩ-Zv \-Ωp-sS \mSv Io-g-S-°p-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ \-ap-°v \÷m-in-bpsS A-Sp-Øv X-s∂ I-gnbmw. A-t±-l-Øn-\v Io-gv-s∏-´v Pohn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv ap-l-Ω-Zn-∂-[o-\-cm-Ip-∂-Xn-t\-°-m-ƒ A-`n-Im-ayw. {]Xyp-X, \-Ωp-sS P - \ - a - m-Wv hn-Pbw h-cn-°p-∂s - X-¶n-¬ A-h¿-°v \sΩ \-√-t]m-se A-dn-bmw. A-h-cn-¬ \n-∂v \-ap-°v KpW-ta D-≠mIq'. "C-Xp bp-‡am-b A-`n-{]m-bw X-s∂'. Iq-´p-Im-¿ ]q-¿-W-am-bpw tbmPn®p. A-h-¿ bm-{X-°p-≈ X-øm-sd-Sp-∏mbn. N-{I-h-¿-Øn-sb {]oWn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p h-√- ]mcn-tXm-jn-Ihpw thWw. ar-K-N-¿-Ω-am-Wv A-t±-l-Øn-\p G-‰w C„w. Aw-dpw k-l-Ncpw [m-cm-fw ar-K-tØmep-I-ƒ ti-J-cn®p. \n-›-bn-® {]-Im-cw F-tXym-]y-bn-te-°v \oßn. X-Z-h-k-c-Øn-¬ \-_n(k) bp-sS Zq-X-\m-bn l-kvd-Øv Aw-dp_v-\p D-a-ø-Øv(d) \-÷m-in-bp-sS A-Sp-sØ-Øn-bn-´p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-hn-sS A-`-bm-¿-∞n-I-fm-bn Xm-a-kn-®p h-cp-∂ P-Av^-¿(d)hns‚bpw Iq-´p-Im-cp-sSbpw Im-cy-Øn-¬ kw-km-cn-°m-≥ Xn-cp-ta-\n


56 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

A-b-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lsØ. ZuXyw \n-¿-h-ln-®p Aw-dp-_v-\p D-aø-Øv ]p-d-s∏´p. A-\¥-cw Aw-dp-_v-\p¬ Bkv cm-Pm-hn-s\ kao-]n-®p. X-s‚ ]mcn-tXm-jn-I-ß-ƒ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ap-ºn-¬ k-a-¿∏n-®p. Xm-\n-„s - ∏-Sp-∂ hn-in-t„m-]l - m-cß - ƒ - I-≠p A-t±-lw AXoh k-¥p-„-\mbn. "cmPm, A-ß-bp-sS A-Sp-Øv \n-∂v H-cm-ƒ ]p-dØp-t]m-Ip-∂Xm-bn Rm-≥ I≠p.' A-w-dp-_v-\p-¬ B-kv X-s‚ B-hiyw A-h-Xcn-∏n-°m-≥ Xp-Sßn. "A-h-≥ R-ß-fp-sS i-{Xp-hn-s‚ Zq-X-\mWv. AXpsIm-≠v h-[n-°p-∂-Xn-\v Ah-s\ F-\n-°p hn-´p X-c-Ww. Ah-≥ R-ß-fn-¬ am-\y-∑mcm-b B-fpI-sf D-]-{Z-hn-®n-´p-≠v.' cm-Pm-hv tIm-]m-Ip-e-\mbn. aq-°p- s]m-´p-am-¿ i-‡n-bn-¬ kz-bw ap-J-ØSn®p. Aw-dp-_v-\p-¬ Bkv kw-`o-X-\mbn. kw-{`-a-tØm-sS A-t±lw ]-d™p: A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw, A-ß-bv-°v C-Xp C-„-a-s√-∂v Rm-\-dn-™n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ Rm-\n-Xp tNm-Zn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n√.' "aqkm(A)bp-sS A-Sp-Øp-h-cm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂ A-∂m-aq-kp¬ A-Iv-_-¿ (Pn-_v-co-¬) h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ H-cp a-lm-]p-cpj-s‚ ZqX-s\ h-[n-°m-≥ hn-´p-X-c-W-sa∂mtWm \o F-t∂m-Sm-h-iy-s∏Sp∂-Xv?' \-÷m-in Aw-dn-t\m-Sv tNm-Zn-®p. "A-t±-lw A-ßs\-bp-≈ BfmtWm?' Pn-⁄m-ktbm-sS Aw-dv tNm-Zn®p. cm-Pm-hn-s‚ {]XypØ-cw C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p. "I„w! Aw-td, \o A-t±l-sØ A\p-k-cn°q; A-\p-K-an°q. A-t±-lw ˛A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw˛ kXy-Øn-t∑-em-Ip∂p. l-kvd-Øv aq-km(A) ^n-¿-Hu-\n-s\bpw ]-´mf-sØbpw A-Xn-P-bn-®-t]m-se C-t±-lhpw X-s‚ {]Xn-tbm-KnIsf A-Xn-P-bn°pw; \n-›bw' th-Z-°m-c\m-b \-÷m-in-bp-sS k-Xy-km£yw Aw-dn-s\ apkven-am°n. cm-Pm-hn-s‚ ssI-°pX-s∂ A-t±-lw C-kvemw kzo-Icn®p. hnh-cw Iq-´p-Im-sc A-dn-bn°ms-X h-μy-{]-hm-NI-s\ e£yw sh-®v Awdv(d) bm-{X Xn-cn®p. h-gn-at≤y Jm-en-Zp-_v-\p-¬ h-eoZv(d) a-°-bn-¬ \n-∂v h-cp-∂-Xm-bn I-≠p. Xm-¶-ƒ F-tßm-´p t]m-Ip-∂psh-∂v tNm-Zn-®-t∏m-ƒ Jm-en-Zv(d) ]-d-™p. "A-√m-lphmsW, Imcyw hy-‡-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A-t±-lw {]-hm-N-I-≥ X-s∂-bm-Wv. G-Xp-hsc-bm-Wv C-\n Im-Øp-\n-¬-°p-I.' A-t∏m-ƒ Aw-dp-_v-\p-¬-Bkv(d)hpw Im-cyw Xpd-∂p ]-d™p.


57 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

"Rm\pw h∂-Xp C-kvemw B-t«-jn-°p-hm-\mWv. k-Xyw' C-cp-t]cpw a-Zo-\-bn-seØn, R-ß-ƒ ap-kv-enw-I-fm-sW-∂p {]-Jym]n-°p-Ibpw \-_n(k)bp-am-bn D-Sº-Sn sN-øp-Ibpw sN-bvXp (C_v-\p-ln-imw 3:320)

]m-Xn-cn-am-¿ I-Æo-¿ XqIn {]hm-N-I t{i-„-cp-sS a-°m-\nhm-k Ime-Øv H-cp {In-kv-Xy≥ \n-th-Z-I-kw-Lw Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb k-ao-]n®p. \-Pv-dm-≥-Im-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah-¿. a-°-bn-¬ \n-∂v 336 ssa-¬ AI-se ÿn-Xn-sN-øp-∂ \Pv-dm-≥, {In-kv-Xy-≥ tI-{μ-am-bn-cp∂p. X-ß-fp-sS th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v e-`n-® A-dn-hn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm\-Øn-¬ H-cp {]-hm-NI-s\ {]-Xo£n®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ Cu \-Pv-dm-\n-I-ƒ F-tXym-]y-≥ ap-lm-Pn-dp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v \_n(k)sb-°p-dn-®p tI-ƒ-°m-\n-S-bmbn. X-ß-fp-sS thZ- { K- Ÿ - ß - ƒ ]- c n- N - b - s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ {]- h m- N - I - ≥ C- t ±- l w Xs∂bmtWm F-∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-cp-]-tXm-fw t]c-S-ßp-∂ Cu \n-th-Z-I kw-L-Øn-s‚ e-£yw. a-kv-Pn-Zp-¬ l-dm-an-¬ A-h-¿ \_n(k)-sb I-≠p-ap´n. Xn-cpta-\n-bp-sS k-ao-]-Øn-cp-∂p ]-eXpw tNm-Zn®p. ]-eXpw kw-kmcn®p. I-Av-_m ]-cn-kc-Øv X-ß-fp-sS k-Z- p-I-fn-¬ C-cn-°p-∂ GXm\pw Jp-ssd-inI-ƒ Cu -cw-Kw Im-Wp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-h-cp-t±in-® Im-cy-ßs - fm-s° tNm-Zn-®p kwi-bw Xo-¿Ø - t- ∏m-ƒ, d-kq-¬(k) Ah-sc A-√m-lp-hn-s≥ am-¿-K-Øn-te-°p £-Wn-°p-Ibpw hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿B-≥ Hm-Xn-t°-ƒ-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. X-Z-hk-cw A-h-cp-sS \-b-\-ß-ƒ \n-d-s™m-gpIn. A-h-¿ {]-hm-N-I-cp-sS £-Ww kzo-Icn®p. Xn-cp-ta-\n-bn-¬ hn-iz-kn®p. A-t\z-jn-®-Xm-Wv A-h-¿ I-s≠Øn-bXv. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv Ah¿ C-{Xbpw s]-s´-∂v h-niz-kn-°m\n-S-bm-bXv. F-∂m-¬ Jp-ssd-in-Iƒ-°v A-°mcyw a-\- n-em-°m-≥ I-gn-™n-√. Ah-¿ Cu k-Xym-t\z-jnI-sf hn-Uv-Vn-I-fm-bn I≠p. \n-th-Z-I-kw-Lw C-kv-emw a-X-am-t«-jn-®p ]p-d-s∏-´-t∏m-ƒ A-_q-Plv¬ H-cp Jp-ssd-in k-aq-l-tØm-Sv Iq-Sn Ah-sc t\-cn´p. \nß-sf A-√m-lp `-·m-i-cm-°s´. \n-ß-fp-sS ]n-∂n-ep-≈ {InkvXym\nI-ƒ Cu a-\p-jy-s‚ hn-h-c-ß-f-t\z-jn-®p A-h-¿-s°-Øn®psIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n \nß-sf A-b®p. F-∂m-¬ Ah-s‚ k-


58 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ao-]-Øv C-cp-∂-tX-bp≈q, \n-ß-ƒ kza-Xw I-søm-gn-®p. A-h-≥ ]d-™ Im-cy-ß-fn-se√mw Ah-s\ \n-ß-ƒ hn-iz-kn-®p. \n-ß-sf°m-ƒ hn-Uv-Vn-I-fm-bn H-cp \n-thZ-I kw-L-sØbpw R-ß-ƒ Adn-bn-√' A-h-≥ A-[n-t£-]n-®p ]-d™p. kw-LmwK-ß-fp-sS a-dp]Sn C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p. "\n-߃-°v k-emw! R-ß-ƒ \n-ß-tfm-Sv hn-h-c-t°-Sv Im-Wn-°p-∂n-√. R-߃-°v R-ß-fp-sS h-gn, \n-߃°v \n-ß-fp-tSXpw' (le_n 2:38 C-_v-\p-lnimw 1:419) X-ß-ƒ tX-Sn-Øn-c-™ A-aq-ey c-Xv-\w I-s≠-Øn-b-t∏m-ƒ A-Xv hm-cn-∏p-W-¿-∂k-Xym-t\z-jn-Ifpw k-lr-Z-bcpw ku-ay-io-ecpam-b Cu {In-kvXo-b ]-finX-sc hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ C-{]-Im-cw {]-iw-kn-°p-bp-≠m-bn. "Cu Jp-¿-B-\n-\v ap-ºv th-Zw \-¬-I-s∏-´-hh-¿ A-Xn-¬ hn-iz-kn-°p-∂p. AXv (Jp-¿B-≥) A-h¿°v Hm-Xn-t°ƒ-∏n-°-s∏-´m-¬ A-h-¿ ]-dbpw R-ß-f-Xn-¬ hn-iz-kn-®n-cn-°p∂p. \n›-bw A-Xp R-ß-fp-sS \mY-s‚ ]-°-¬ \n-∂p-≈ bm-Ym-¿-∞yam-Ip∂p. R-ß-fn-Xn-\p ap-ºp X-s∂ ap-kv-enw-I-fm-bn-cn-°p∂p. Ah-¿ £-a ]m-en-®-Xp-Im-c-W-am-bn A-h-cp-sS {]-Xn^-ew c-≠p X-hW \-¬-I-s∏´p. A-h-¿ Xn∑-sb \-∑-sIm-≠v sN-dp-°p∂p. A-h-¿°v \-¬-In-b-Xn-¬ \n-∂v A-h-¿ Nn-e-h-gn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. A\mh-iy kw-km-cw tI-ƒ-°m-\n-S-bm-bm-¬ A-Xn-¬ \n-∂-h-¿ ]n-¥ncn-™p I-f-bp-Ibpw C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-bp-I-bpw sN-øp∂p. R-߃-°v R-ß-fp-sS Ir-Xy-߃; \n-߃-°v \n-ß-fp-sS Ir-Xy-ß-fpw. \n߃- ° p k- e mw. R- ß - ƒ A- ⁄ - ∑ m- s c A- t \z- j n- ° p- ∂ n- √ ' (28:52˛54)

tN-em-I¿ - Ω - Ø - n-s‚ N-{I-h¿ - Øn t]¿-jy-≥ N-{I-h¿ - Ø - n-bm-b In-kvd - m X-s‚ ssk-\y-sØ hn´p tdmw A-[n-]-Xnbm-b ln-dm-¢n-b-kn-s‚ ]-e {]-tZ-i-ß-fpw P-bn-®-S°n. {]kvXpX {]-tZ-i-ß-fn-¬ `c-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xn\v Xs‚ Cw-KnX-am-cm-bp-∂-Xn-¬ K-h-¿-W-¿ "il¿-b-dmkv' Ir-Xyhn-tem-]w ImWn-°p-∂-Xm-bn N-{I-h¿-Øn ]n-∂o-Sv Im-Wp-I-bp-≠mbn. i-l-¿b -- dmkn-s\ h-[n-®p ]Icw "^-¿lms\' K-h-¿-Æ-dm-°m-≥ A-t±-lw Xo-cp-am-\n®p. Cu c-lkyw "il-¿' A-dn-bm-\n-S-bmbn. A-bm-ƒ lndm-¢n-bkp-am-bn H-cp cl-ky k-‘n \-SØn. X-Z-\p-km-cw i-l-


59 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

¿ X-s‚ ssk-\y-Øn-\p ]-cmP-bw t\-cn-´Xp-t]m-se X-{¥-]q¿-Δw A-h-sc-bp-am-bn A-[n-\nth-i {]-tZ-i-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v Hm-Sn-°-f-™p. (^-Xv-lp-¬ _mcn 1:27) Aß-s\ \n-jv-{]-bm-kw t]-¿-jy-≥ tk\-sb Xp-c-Øm-≥ lndm-¢n-b-kn-\p km-[n-®p. A-hn-Nm-cn-Xam-b Cu hn-P-b-Øn-¬ A-Xoh-k-¥p-„\m-b A-t±-lw A-√m-lp-hn-\p \-μn-tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-bn ss_-Øp-¬ a-Jv-Zn-kv k-μ-¿-in-°p-∂-Xn-\v bm{X-bmbn. A-Xn\p th≠n hgn-bn¬ ]-c-h-Xm-\n-I-ƒ hn-cn-°-s∏´p. A-h-bn-¬ kp-K-‘-]pjv-]-ß-ƒ hn-X-d-s∏´p. Ah-°p ap-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øns‚ k-©m-cw. (^-Xv-lp-¬ _p-Jmcn 1:34) ln-dm-¢nb-kv ss_-Øp-¬ a-Jv-Zn-kn-seØn. H-cp Znh-kw At±-lw hym-Ip-e-Nn-Ø-\m-bn-Øo-¿∂p. sIm´m-tcm-tZym-K-ÿ-¿ Im-cW-t\z-jn®p. tN-em-I-¿-Ω-Øn-s‚ N-{I-h¿-Øn {]-Xy-£-s∏-´-Xm-bn Xm-≥ I-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂v A-t±-lw a-dp]-Sn sIm-SpØp. "C-°m-e°m-cn-¬ tN-em-I-¿-Ωw sN-øp-∂-h-cm-cmWv?' cm-Pm-hv tNm-Zn®p. "PqX-∑m-¿ am-{X-ta tN-em-I¿-Ωw sN-øp-∂-h-cm-bp≈q. A-h-sc-°p-dn®p A-ßp Zp-Jn-t°-≠-Xn-√. A-ß-bp-sS km-{am-Py-Øn-se \-K-c-ßfn-te-s°√mw I-sØ-gp-Xp-I. A-hn-sS-bp-≈ Pq-X-∑m-sc-sb√mw Ah-¿ h-[n®p-sIm-≈pw.' D-tZym-K-ÿ ta-[m-hn-I-ƒ a-dp-]Sn-sIm-SpØp. A-h-¿ C-°mcyw kw-km-cn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-s° K- m-≥ cm-Pm-hv A-b-® H-cp hy-‡n ln-dm-¢n-b-kn-s‚ k-ao-]w lm-P-cm-°-s∏´p. ZqX-≥ d-kq-¬ Xn-cp-ta\n(k)sb-°p-dn-®p kw-km-cn-°p-∂p. N-{I-h¿Øn A-t±-l-tØm-Sp hn-h-c-ß-f-t\z-jn-®p. F-∂n-´p B-⁄-sImSpØp. "\n-߃ t]m-bn A-h-¿ tN-em-I-¿-Ωw sN-bv-XhcmtWm F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I. A-h-¿ ]cn-tim-[n-®p tN-em-I-¿-Ωw \n-¿-h-ln®-h-cmsW∂v hnh-cw sIm-SpØp. cm-Pm-hv A-d-_nI-sf Ip-dn-®v Zq-Xt\m-Sv tNm-Zn®p. A-h-¿ tN-em-I¿-Ωw sN-øp-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p A-t±lw {]-Xn-h-Nn®p. ln-dm-¢nb-kv C-{]-Im-cw {]-kv-Xm-hn®p. "CXm Cu k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-s‚ N-{I-h¿-Øn {]-Xy-£-s∏-´p I-gn™p' (_pJmcn). X-s∂ k-ao-]n-® Zq-X-≥ ap-l-ΩZv(k)bp-sS k-tμ-i-hp-ambm-Wv h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Xm-≥ I-≠ B a-lm-cm-Pm-hv, tN-em-I-¿-ΩØn-s‚ N-{I-h-¿-Øn- ap-lΩ-Zv \-_n(k) X-s∂-bm-sW-∂v _p-≤nam\pw th-Z-]-fin-X-\pam-b ln-dm-¢nb-kv kq-£-va ]cn-tim-[-\-bn-


60 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

eq-sS {K-ln®p.

lndm-¢n-bk - n-s\ hn-ds- Im-≈n-® en-JnXw ap-kv-enw-I-fpw- A-h-cp-sS _-≤-ssh-cn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂ Jp-ssd-inI-fpw X-Ωn-¬ k-am-[m-\Ø - n-s‚ k-‘n-\S- ∂ - p ˛ lp-ssZ-_n-bm k‘n. C-kv-em-an-s\ kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw G-‰hpw hen-b hn-P-b-am-bncp-∂p AXv. k-am-[m-\-]q¿-hw \n-¿-`-b-cm-bn C-kv-em-an-s‚ k-tμ-ihp-am-bn \-_n in-jy-∑m¿-°v hn-Zq-c-k-ao-]-cm-Py-ß-fn-¬ k-©-cn-°p∂-Xn-\v A-Xp km-l-b-I-ambn. Cu-b-h-k-c-Øn-em-Wv \-_n-bp-sS Zq-X-≥ ln-dm-¢n-b-kn-s‚ A-Sp-sØ-Øn-bXv. l-kvd-Øv Zn--lvbØp¬ I-¬-_n-bm-bn-cp-∂p {]-kvXp-X ZqX-≥. i-{Xp-]-£-Øn-s‚ t\Xmhm-b A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥ X-Z-hk-cw kn-dn-bbn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥ ]-d-bp∂-Xv Im-Wp-I: Rm\pw A-√m-lp-hns‚ d-kq-epw X-Ωn-¬ k-‘n \n-e-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Ime-Øv Rm-≥ bm-{X sN-bvXp. Rm-≥ kn-dn-b-bn-en-cn-°p-tºm-ƒ \_n(k)bp-sS en-Jn-Xw ln-dm-¢n-b-kn-\p In-´n. Zn-lvb-Øp-¬ I-¬-_n-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-Xv sIm-≠p-h-∂Xv. Zn-lvb-Øv A-Xv _p-kvdm-bn-se {]-ap-J\p (K m-≥ cm-Pm-hn\p) sIm-SpØp. A-t±-la-Xv ln-dm-¢nb-kv N-{I-h-¿Øn-s°-Øn®p-sIm-Sp-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. (_p-Jmcn, ap-kv-enw) _p-kvdm-bn-se {]-ap-J-\m-b K- m-≥ cm-Pm-hv ap-tJ-\-bm-bn-cp∂p Xn-cp-ta\n Cu I-Ø-b-®Xv. I-Øp-am-bn Zn-lvbØv(d) h-∂t∏m-ƒ K- m-≥ cm-Pm-hv l-kvd-Øv A-Zn-øn-s\ Zn-lvbbp-sS Iq-sS Ab-®p sIm-SpØp. A-Zn-øv A-∂v {In-kv-Xym-\n-bm-bn-cp∂p. C-cp-hcpw {]hm-NIs‚ en-Jn-X-hp-am-bn ln-Pv-d: Ggmw h¿-jw ap-l¿-dw am-k-Øn¬ N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS A-Sp-sØØn. A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥ XXvth-f- kn-dn-b-bn-se K- : F-∂ ÿ-e-Øm-bn-cp∂p. K-  A-h-cpsS hm-Wn-Py-tI-{μ-am-bn-cp-∂p. (^-Xv-lp-¬ _mcn 1:31˛34) {]- h m- N - I - \ m- s W- ∂ p hm- Z n- ° p- ∂ Cu hy- ‡ n- b p- s S P\hn`mKØn-¬ B-sc-¶nepw C-hn-sS-bp-t≠m? ln-dm-¢nb-kv A-t\zjn-®p. "AsX' A-h-¿ a-dp]-Sn sIm-SpØp. Aß-s\ A-_q-kp-^vbm≥ Jp-ssd-in kw-L-tØm-sSm-∏w £-Wn-°-s∏´p. A-h-¿ cm-P-k∂n-[n-bn-se-Øn. "{]-hm-N-I-hm-Znbm-b hy-‡n-bp-am-bn G-‰-hp-a-SpØ IpSp-w-__-‘p \n-ß-fn-em-cmWv?' N-{I-h¿-Øn tNm-Zn®p. "Rm-


61 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

≥' A-_qkp-^vbm-≥ ]-d™p. A-t∏m-ƒ A-_q-kp-^vbm-s\ A-h-¿ N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS ap-ºn-en-cp-Øn. Iq-´p-Im-sc A-_q-kp-^vbm-s‚ ]nºn-epw. "{]-hm-N-I\m-sW-∂p hm-Zn-°p-∂ B-sf-°p-dn-®p Rm-≥ C-t±l-tØm-Sp Nn-e Im-cy-߃ tNm-Zn-°p-I-bmWv. A-t±-lw k-Xy-hncp-≤-am-bn kw-km-cn-®m-¬ A-Xp hym-P-am-sW-∂p \n-ß-ƒ Xpd-∂p ]-d-bWw.' ln-dm-¢n-bkv A-_q-kp-^vbm-s‚ ]n-ºn-en-cn-°p-∂-h-tcmSp ]-d™p. A-t±-la-∂p \-_n-bp-sS _≤-ssh-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂Xp-sIm≠v Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb X-cw-Xm-gv-Øn kw-km-cn-°m-≥ A-t±-l-Øn-\m-{Kl-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]-t£ ss[-cyw h-∂n-√. A-t±-lw X-s∂ ]-dbp∂-Xv Im-WpI. "F-s∂ kw-_-‘n-®p hym-Pw D-≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp-sa∂ B-i-¶ F-\n-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ N-{I-h-¿Øn-tbm-Sp Rm≥ hym-Pw ]-d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p.' A-\¥-cw ln-dm-¢-n-bkpw A-_q-kp-^vbm\pw X-Ωn-¬ C-{]Im-cw H-cp kw-`mj-Ww \-S-∂p. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: \n-ß-fn-¬ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hw-i\n-e F-ßs\-bm-Ip∂p. A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥: A-bm-ƒ R-ß-fn-¬ Ip-eo-\-≥ X-s∂-bmWv. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xm-°-fp-sS Iq-´-Øn-¬ h√ cm-Pm-hp-ap≠m-bn-cp-t∂m? C√. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: ]pXn-b hm-Zw D-∂-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\v ap-ºv A-t±lw hym-Pw ]-d-bp-sa-∂ [m-c-W \n-ß-ƒ-°p-≠m-bn-cp-t∂m? A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥: C-√. ln-dm-¢nbkv: A-t±l-sØ A-\p-K-an-°p-∂-h-¿ K-¿-Δn-jvT∑mtcm hn-\o-X-tcm? A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥: hn-\o-X-cmWv. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: A-h-¿ h-¿-[n-°p-Itbm Ip-d-bp-I-tbm sN-øp∂Xv? A-_p-kp-^vbm-≥: Ip-dp-bp-Ib-√; h-¿-≤n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv.


62 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ln-dm-¢n-bkv: A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ a-X-Øn-¬ {]-th-in-® h-√ hy‡nbpw B a-X-tØm-Sp-≈ t{Im-[w sIm-≠v a-X-]-cn-Xym-Kw sN-øp∂p-t≠m? A-_p-kp-^vbm-≥: C-√. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: bp-≤w F-ß-s\-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p? A-_p-kp-^vbm-≥: R-ß-ƒ ]-c-kv-]-c-ap-≈ bp-≤w hn-P-b˛]cm-P-b k-Ωn-{i-am-Ip∂p. A-h-≥ R-ß-ƒ-°m]-Øp h-cp-Øm-dp≠v. R-ß-ƒ A-h-\pw. ln-dm-¢n-bkv: A-t±-lw hm-Kv-Z-Ø ew-L-\w \-S-Øm-dp-t≠m? A-_p-kp-^vbm-≥: C-√. R-ß-ƒ C-t∏m-ƒ Cu k-‘n L-´Øn-emWv. A-Xn-¬ A-h-s\-¥p -sN-øp-sa-∂v R-ß-ƒ-°-dn-bn√. (A_p-kp-^vbm-\p hn-tZz-jw Xo-¿-°p-∂-Xn-\p I-S-Øn-°q-´m-≥ km-[n-® G-I hm-N-I-am-bn-cp-∂p CXv) ln-dm-¢n-bkv: A-t±-l-Øn-\v ap-ºv B-sc-¶nepw Cu hm-Zw D∂-bn-®n-´pt≠m:. A-_p-kp-^vbm-≥: C√. ]n-∂o-Sv ln-dm-¢nb-kv C-{]-Im-cw hn-i-Zo-Ic-Ww \-¬-In. "At±-lw Ip-eo-\-\m-sW-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™p. A-{]-Im-cw {]-hm-N-I∑m-sc X-ß-fp-sS P-\-Øn-se D-Ø-a Ip-e-ß-fn-em-Wv \n-tbm-Kn-°pI. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xm-°-fn-¬ H-cp cm-Pmhpw D-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d™p. A-ßs\ D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ X-s‚ ]n-Xm°-fp-sS cm-Pm-[n-Im-cw ho-s≠-Sp-°p-∂ hy-‡n-bm-sW-∂v ]-d-bmbm-am-bn-cp∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-\p-bm-bn-I-ƒ hn-\o-X-c-m-sW-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™p. A-h-¿ X-s∂-bm-Wv {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS A-\p-bmbnIƒ. ]p-Xn-b-hm-Zw D-∂-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-apºv, A-t±-lw hym-Pw ]-dbp-sa-∂ [m-c-W \n-ß-ƒ-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√-∂v Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d™p. A-t±-lw P-\-ß-fp-sS t]-cn-¬ hym-Pw ]-d-bp-∂-Xv D-t]-£n-°p-Ibpw F-∂n-´v A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ t]-cn-¬ \p-W-]-d-bm-≥ ap-Xn-cp-Ibpw sN-øpI-bn-s√-∂v F-\n-°p a-\- n-embn. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ a-X-Ø-n-¬ {]th-in-°p-∂ H-cp hy-‡nbpw AXn-t\m-Sp-≈ hn-tcm-[w aq-ew I-


63 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

søm-gn-°p-∂n-s√-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn. k-Xy-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ \n-e, A-Xn-s‚ am-[pcyw lr-Z-b-ß-fp-am-bn C-gp-In-t®-cp-tºm-ƒ, A-{]-Im-cw X-s∂-bm-Ip∂p. A-h-¿ h-¿-≤n-°p-I-bm-sW-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™p-ht√m. kXyhn-izm-kw (tem-IØv) A-Xn-s‚ ]q¿-Æ-X {]m-]n-°p-∂-Xv h-sc Aßs\-bm-Wp-≠m-hp-I. bp-≤w hn-P-b˛]-cm-P-b k-Ωn-{i-am-sW∂pw A-t±lw Nn-e-t∏m-ƒ \n-ß-ƒ-°pw a-‰p- Nn-e-t∏m-ƒ \n-ß-ƒ A-t±l-Øn\pw B-]-Øp -h-cp-Øp-∂p-sh-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™p. {]-hm-NI-∑m-¿ A-{]-Im-cw ]-co-£n-°-s∏´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. ]n-∂o-Sv A-¥na-hnP-bw A-h-¿-°m-Wp-≠m-hp-I. A-t±-lw hm-KvZ-Øw ew-Ln-°p∂n-s√∂p Xm-¶-ƒ {]-kv-Xm-hn®p. {]-hm-N-I-≥-am-¿ A-ßs\ X-s∂bmWv. A-h-¿ hm-Kv-Z-Ø-ewL-\w sN-øp-I-bn√. Cu hm-Zw A-t±-lØn-\p ap-ºmcpw D-∂-bn-®n-´n-s√-∂p Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-™p. A-ß-s\-bmbn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ ap-ºp-∂-bn-°-s∏-´ H-cp hmZ-sØ ]n-¥p-S-¿-∂ Hcp hy-‡n-b-sW-∂p ]-d-bm-am-bn-cp∂p.' A-\¥-cw N-{I-h¿-Øn tNm-Zn-®p: "\n-ß-tfm-Sv F-s¥m-s° Im-cy-ßf - m-Wv A-t±-lw B-⁄m-]n-°p-∂X - v.? "\--nk - I v- mcw, k-°mØv, Ip-Spw-__-‘w ]p-e-¿-Øp-I, ]-cn-ip-≤n ssI-s°m-≈p-I F-∂n-hbm-Wv A-t±-lw I-¬-]n-°p-∂ Im-cy-ß-ƒ' A-_q-kp-^vbm\pw Iq´p-Imcpw a-dp-]Sn-sIm-Sp-Øp. ln-dm-¢nb-kv N-{I-h¿-Øn X-Z-hk-cw {]-Jym-]n®p: "Xm-¶-ƒ ]-d-bp∂-Xv k-Xy-am-sW-¶n-¬ A-t±-l-samcp {]-hm-N-I-\m-Ip∂p. A-t±-lw ]p-d-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p Rm-≥ t\c-sØ a-\- n-em-°n-bn-´p≠mbn-cp-∂p.' A-t±-lw \n-ß-fp-sS Iq-´-Øn-¬ \n∂m-Wp h-cn-I-sb-∂p Rm-≥ [-cn-®n-cp-∂n-√. Rm-≥ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-cn-sI F-Øn-t®-cp-sa-∂v A-dn-bp-sa-¶n-¬ A-t±l-sØ Im-Wm-≥ Rm-≥ A-`n-e-jn-°p-∂p. Rm-≥ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ k-ao-]-Øm-bn-cp∂p-sh-¶n-¬ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ C-cp ]m-Z-ß-ƒ Rm-≥ I-gp-In-s°m-Sp°p-am-bn-cp∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-[n-Im-cw F-s‚ ]m-Z-ß-ƒ-°n-Sbn-se ÿe-sØ {]m-]n°q' ]n-∂o-Sv A-t±-lw A-√m-lphn-s‚ Xn-cp-Zq-X-cp-sS IØp-sIm≠p-h-cm-≥ ]-d™p. B en-Jn-Xw A-t±-lw hm-bn-®p (_p-Jmcn 7, ap-kvenw 1772)


64 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

A-[n-Im-cØ - n-\p th-≠n kXyw I-søm-gn®p \-_n Xn-cp-ta\n(k) ln-dm-¢n-b-kn-\-b-® en-Jn-X-Øn-s‚ D≈S-°w C-{]-Im-ca - m-bn-cp∂p. "]-ca - I - m-cp-Wn-I\ - pw I-cp-Wm-\n-[n-bpamb A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ Xn-cp-\m-a-Øn-¬, A-√-lp-hn-s‚ Zm-k\pw Ahs‚ d-kq-epam-b ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ ]-°-¬ \n∂pw tdm-an-se {]-ap-J\mb ln-¿-J-en-s‚ (ln-d-¢n-b-kns‚) A-Sp-tØ°v: k-Xy-am¿-Kw ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-h¿-°v c-£-bp-≠mI-s´. F-∂m-¬, C-kveman-I {]-t_m[\w aptJ-\ Xm¶-sf Rm-≥ £-Wn-°p∂p. C-kvemw kzo-I-cn-°p-I. Xm-¶-ƒ c-£ {]m-]n-°pw. A-√m-lp c-≠pX-h-W {]-Xn^-ew \-¬Ipw. (H∂-v Jp-¿-B-\n-\p ap-ºv C-©o-en¬ hn-iz-kn-®-Xn\pw a-s‰m∂v Jp-¿-B-\n-¬ hn-iz-kn-®-Xn-\pw). Xm-¶-ƒ ]n-¥n-cn-™p I-f-bp∂p-sh-¶n-¬ {]-P-I-fp-sS Ip-‰hpw Iq-Sn Xm-¶-ƒ-°p-≠m-Ipw.' Cu hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-≥ hm-Iy-hpw Xn-cp-ta-\n I-Øn-¬ D-ƒs°m-≈n®p. "th-Z-°msc, R-ß-ƒ°pw \n-ß-ƒ-°p-an-S-bn-¬ Xp-eyamb H-cp hm-Iy-Øn-te-°v ˛ A-√m-lp-hn-s\ am{Xw B-cm-[n-°p-I, Ah-t\m-Sv B-tcbpw ]-¶p-t]-¿-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I, \-Ωn-¬ Nn-e-¿ a-‰p-Nnesc A-√m-lp-hn-\p ]pd-sa ssZ-h-ß-fm-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I, F-∂o X-Xzß-fn-te-°v-˛ hcq. A-h-¿ ]n-¥n-cn-™p I-f-bp-s∂-¶n-¬ \nß-ƒ (apkve v- nwI-ƒ) ]-dbp-I: R-߃ - ap-kve - nw-If - m-sW-∂p \n-߃ - km£yw hln-°pI'. N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS {]-kv-Xm-h-\-I-fpw enJn-X ]m-cm-bWhpw I-gn-™-t∏m-ƒ A-hn-sS i-–-tIm-em-l-ß-fp-b-¿∂p. A-_qkp-^vbm\pw Iq-´p-Imcpw A-tXm-sS ]p-d-Øn-d-°-s∏´p. X-s‚ Iq´pIm-tcm-Sv A-_q-kp-^vbm-≥ ]-d™p. A-_qI-_v-im-bp-sS ]p-{Xs‚ Imcyw h-ep-Xm-bn-I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p. (tZ-jy-th-f-bn-¬ \-_nsb A-h-¿ A-_q-I-_v-im-bp-sS ]p-{X-≥ F-∂p hn-fn-®n-cp-∂p) \n wi-bw Ah-s\ tdm-a-°m-cp-sS N-{I-h¿-Øn `-b-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. (_pJmcn) ]n-∂o-Sv N-{I-h¿-Øn tdmw ]-´-W-Øn-se X-s‚ kv-t\-lnX-\v I-sØ-gpXn. A-dn-hn-¬ N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS k-am-\-\m-bn-cp-∂p At±lw. ln-dm-¢nb-kv lnw-kn-te-°p Xn-cn®p. lnw-kn-¬ A-t±-lw F-Øn-b-tX-bp-≈q. A-t∏m-tg°pw kv-t\-lnX-s‚ F-gp-Øv h-∂p. \_n(k)bpsS B-K-a-\-sØ-°p-dn-®pw Xn-cp\-_n {]-hm-N-I-\m-sW∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p-ap≈ N-{I-h-¿-Øn-bp-sS A-`n-{]m-b-tØm-Sv ]q-¿-W-


65 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

ambpw tbm-Pn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p B IØv. DS-s\ A-t±-lw tdm-anse {]-ap-J-∑m-¿-s°√mw lnw-kn-se sIm-´m-c-Øn-¬ k-tΩ-fn-°m-≥ A-\pa-Xn \-¬In. ]n-∂o-Sv cm-P-I-¬-]-\m-\p-kr-Xw sIm-´-c-hm-Xn-epI-ƒ A-S-°-s∏´p. N-{I-h¿-Øn Ah-sc A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®p C-{]-Im-cw ]-d™p. "tdmw k-aq-lta, \n-߃-°p hn-P-b-Øn-epw, k-∑m-¿-§-Øn-epw, \nß-fp-sS A-[n-Im-c-Øn-s‚ \n-e-\n-¬-∏nepw B-{K-l-ap-t≠m? F-¶n¬ Cu {]-hm-N-I-\p-am-bn D-Sº-Sn sN-bv-Xp-sIm≈pI' C-Xv tI-´t∏m-ƒ A-h¿ - Im-´p-Ig - p-XI - s - f-t∏m-se I-hm-SØ - n-te-°p hn-ct- ≠mSn. A-h A-S-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn A-t∏m-ƒ A-h-¿ I≠p. A-t±-lw A-h-cpsS hn-ap-J-X Im-Wp-Ibpw k-Xy-hn-izm-k-sØ-°p-dn-®v `-·m-i-cm-hIp-Ibpw sN-bv-X-t∏m-ƒ Ah-sc Xn-cn-®p-hn-fn-®p C-{]-Im-cw {]-kvXm-hn®p. Rm-\n-t∏m-ƒ \-SØn-b {]-Jym-]-\w \n-ß-fp-sS a-X-Zm¿Vy-X ]-co-£n-°p-∂-Xn-\p th-≠n-bn-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Xv Rm-≥ I≠p-I-gn™p. C-Xv tI-´-t∏m-ƒ A-h-¿ A-t±-l-Øn-\p km-„mw-Kw sN-bvXp. kw-Xr-]v-Xn tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. (_p-Jmcn) ap-lΩ-Zv Xn-cp-ta\n(k) A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\m-sW-∂p ]q- ¿ - Δ - t h- Z - ß - f n- ¬ \n- ∂ p ln- d m- ¢ n- b - k v a- \ - n- e m°n. A- X p \_n(k)bp-sS i-{Xphm-b A-_q-kp-^vbm-\p hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®p sImSpØp. X-s‚ D-tZym-K-ÿ ta-[m-hn-I-tfm-Sp A-Xv Xpd-∂p {]-Jym-]n°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-h-cp-sS \n-e-]m-Sv {]-Xn-Iq-e-am-sW-∂p I-≠t∏m-ƒ A-[n-Im-c-tam-lnbmb B a-\p-jy-≥ Xm-≥ hy-‡-ambpw {Kln-°p-Ibpw ]-eh-pcp A-w-KoIcn°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X k-Xy-sØ Isøm-gn-°p-Ibpw `uXnI tem-I-Øn-se ss\-an-jn-Iam-b cm-Pm-[nIm-c-Øn-\p ap-≥K-W-\ \-¬-Ip-I-bp-am-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. (an-¿-JmØv 4:224, 5:424)

C-_\ v- p-¬ lø-_m-s‚ DZvt- _m[\w kn-dn-b-°m-c\m-b H-cp Pq-X ]p-tcm-ln-X-≥ C-kvem-an-s‚ Bhn-¿-`m-h-Øn-\p G-Xm\pw h¿-jw ap-ºv a-Zo-\-bn-se _-\qJp-ssd-fm Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ h∂p. C-_v-\p-¬-l-ø-_m-≥ F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lØn-s‚ t]cv. k-Zvhr-Ø\m-b C-_v-\p-¬ l-ø-_m-s\ a-g-bn-√m-sX h-∂m-¬ P-\-ß-ƒ k-ao-]n-°pw. {]m-¿-∞n-°m-≥ B-h-iy-s∏-Spw. A-


66 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

t±-lw a-g-bv-°p-th-≠n {]m-¿-∞n-°pw, kZ-kv ]n-cn-bp-∂-Xn-\p ap-ºv t]-am-cn Ip-Øn-s®m-cn-bpw. ]-eh-pcp B-h¿ - Ø - n-°s - ∏-´ Cu A-\p`hw Cu `‡-s\ P-\-at≤y B-Z-c-Wo-b-\m°n. A-t±-lw a-c-Wm-k-∂-\m-bn In-S-∂-t∏m-ƒ X-s‚ c-lkyw A-t±-lw A-\m-hc-Ww sN-bvXp. "sF-iz-cy-k-ºq-¿-Æam-b {]-tZ-iØp-\n∂v Cu Z-cn-{Z-cm-Py-tØ-°v F-s∂ t{]-cn-∏n-® Imcyw F-¥msW-∂p Pq-X-k-aq-lta, \n-ß-ƒ-°-dnbm-tam?' C-_v-\p-¬ l-ø-_m≥ tNm-Zn®p. "A-Xp \-∂m-bn Adnbm-hp-∂ B-ƒ Xm-¶-ƒ Xs∂' Ah-¿ {]-Xn-h-Nn®p. A-t±-lw hy-‡-am°n. "Rm-≥ Cu cm-Py-Øv h∂Xv H-cp {]-hm-N-I-s‚ B-Ka-\w {]-Xo-£n-®p sIm-≠mWv. A-t±-lØn-‚ Im-ew hf-sc A-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. Pq-X-k-aq-lta, \n-߃-°v apºv Bcpw A-t±-l-Øn-¬ hn-iz-kn-°m-≥ C-S-h-c-cpXv, Imc-Ww X‚ k-Xy{]-t_m-[-\ am-¿-K-Øn-¬ XS- w kr-„n-°p-∂-h-tcm-Sp bp≤w sN-ø-W-sa-∂ \n-b-a-tØm-Sv Iq-Sn-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \n-tbm-Kn-°s∏-Sp-I. A-Xp A-t±l-sØ B-t«-jn-°p-∂-Xn-¬ \n∂pw \nß-sf XS-™p \n-¿-Øm-Xn-cn-°-s´.' C-_v-\p-¬ l-ø-_m-≥ Cu- tem-I-tØm-Sv bm-{X-]-d™p. Ime-N{Iw ap-t∂m-´p- Idßn. B-≠p-I-ƒ ]e-Xpw I-S-∂p-t]mbn. a-°bn-¬ H-cp ]pXn-b kw`-h-ap-≠mbn. ap-l-ΩZv(k)°v {]-hm-N-IXzw e-`n®p. a-X-{]-t_m[-\w Xp-Sßn. ln-Pv-d-°p-ti-jw aZo-\ tI-{μ-am°n ]q-¿-tΔm]-cn i-‡n-bn-¬ \_n(k) {]-t_m[-\w Xp-S-¿-∂p. i{Xp°-sf i-‡-am-bn t\-cn´p. I-cm-¿ ew-Ln®p i-{Xp-]-£-Øp-tN¿∂v, sIm-Spw-h-©-\-sNbv-X _-\qJp-ssd-fm PqX-sc Xn-cp-ta-\n D-]tcm-[n®p. A-t∏m-gm-Wv B aq-∂p bp-hm-°ƒ ˛ k-Av-e_-Øv _n-≥ kAv-b, D-ss_-Zp-_n-≥ k-Av-b, A-kZp-_n-≥ D-ss_-Zv F-∂n-h-¿ ˛ C°mcyw A-\p-kv-a-cn-®-Xv. A∂v, h-¿-j-ß-ƒ-°p-ap-ºv a-c-W-i-ø-bn-¬ InS-∂p C-_v-\p-¬ l-ø-_m≥- H-cp Imcyw ]-d-™n-cp∂p. A-h-¿ Xß-fp-sS PqX-k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-sc A-\p-kv-a-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp: PqX-h-¿-§ta, C-t±-lw A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw, C-_v-\p-¬ l-ø-_m-≥ \nß-sf D-Zv-t_m-[n® B {]-hm-N-I-≥ X-s∂-bm-Ip∂p. A-t±-lw ]-d-™ Kp-W-hn-ti-j-ß-ƒ H-Ø hy-‡n-bm-Wn-t±-lw.' Ip-_p-≤nIfm-b Pq-X-≥-am-¿ \n-tj-[n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. ]-t£ {]-kvXp-


67 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

X bp-hm-°-ƒ aq-hcpw C-kvemw B-t«-jn®p. A-h-¿ X-ß-fp-sS c‡hpw k-ºØpw Ip-Spw-_hpw kp-c-£n-X-am-°n. (C-_v-\p ln-imw 2:232, le-_n 1:300)

Pq-Xa-lm ]-fin-X¿ - C-ke v- m-an-te°v alm-∑mcm-b \-_n k-Jm-°-fn-¬ A-Xyp-¬-Ir-„-cp-sS \n-c-bn¬s]´ A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p kemw bq-kp-^v \-_n(A)bp-sS k-¥m\-]-c-º-c-bn-em-Wv P-m-X-\m-bXv. B-Zy-Ime-Øv Pq-X ]-fin-X-\mbn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS th-Z-{K-Ÿam-b Xu-dm-Øn-s\-°pdn-®p A-Km-[-]m-fin-Xy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn\v (an-¿-Jm-Øv: 4:41) A-t±-lw ]-d-bp∂p. "A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-Is-\°p-dn-®p ˛ ap-l-ΩZv(k)sb-°p-dn-®p Rm-≥ tI´p. X-Z-hk-cw R߃ {]-Xo£n-® {]-hm-NI-s‚ t]cpw Ducpw Kp-W-hn-ti-jhpw H-Ø b-Ym-ka-b-ØpX-s∂ {]-Xy-£-s∏-´ {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv A-t±-l-sa-∂p F-\n°p hy-‡-ambn. ]-t£ Rm\-Xv c-l-ky-am-bnØ-s∂ sh-®p.' \mfp-I-ƒ ap-t∂m´p-t]mbn. C-_v-\p-kemw \-_n-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-SpI-bp-≠m-bn-√; Xn-cp-ta-\n a-Zo-\-bn-seØn. "Jp-_m' F-∂ ÿeØp _-\q Awdv Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ A-Xn-Yn-bm-bn C-dßn. {]-kvXp-X hm-¿-Ø H-cm-ƒ C-_v-\p k-em-an-s\ A-dn-bn®p. A-t±-lw H-co-Ø-∏\-bp-sS ap-I-fn¬ tPm-en-bn-em-bn-cp∂p. Xm-sg A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]nXr-hybm-b Jm-en-Z: C-cn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. {]-hm-NI-s‚ a-Zo-\mK-a-\ hm-¿-Ø-tI-´-t∏m-ƒ B-lv-fm-Z-`-cnX-\m-b C-_v-\p-kemw D-®-Øn-¬ X-Iv-_o¿ sNm√n. Cu B-\-μ-{]IS-\w Jm-enZ-°p c-kn-®n-√. A-h-¿ ]-d™p: "A-√m-lp \n-\-°v A]N-bw h-cp-Ø-s´!! Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS {]-hm-N-I\m-b aq-km-bp-sS B-Ka-\-sØ-°p-dn-®m-bn-cp-∂p \o {i-hn-®-sX-¶n-¬ \o Iq-Sp-X-¬ B-lvfm-Zw {]-I-Sn-∏n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n-√' C-_v-\p-k-emw A-t∏m-ƒ X-s‚ B\-μ-Imc-Ww hy-‡-am°n. "A-t±lw A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw, aqkm-bp-sS k-tlm-Z-c\pw aq-km-bp-sS a-X-°m-c-\p-am-Wv. G-sXm-cp k-Xy-{]-ÿm-\-hp-am-bn aq-k A-b-°-s∏´pthm A-tX {]-ÿm-\-hpam-bn X-s∂-bm-Wv C-t±-lhpw \n-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈Xv' C-Xp Jmen-Z-bp-sS Pn⁄m-k X-´n-bp-W-¿Øn. "F-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c-]p-{Xm, Cu


68 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

k-ab-Øp \n-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-sa-∂v \mw ]-d™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B {]-hm-N-I-≥ C-t±-lam-tWm?' JmenZ tNm-Zn®p. "A-sX' A-–p√m {]-Xn-h-Nn®p. A-h-ƒ C-{]-Im-cw ]-d-™p: "F-¶n-¬ A-t±lsØ {i-≤n-°pI' (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 2:138) A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p kemw DS-s\ \_n(k)sb k-ao-]n-®p C{]-Im-cw ]-d-™p. Rm-≥ Xm-¶-tfm-Sv aq-∂v Im-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p tNmZn-°p∂p; H-cp {]-hm-NI-\-√m-sX A-h A-dn-bp-I-bn-√. A-¥y-\m-fns‚ {]-Y-a-e-£-W-sa¥v? kz-¿-§-hm-kn--I-fp-sS H-∂ma-sØ B-lm-csa-¥v? Ip-´n-sb ]n-Xmhn-t\mtSm am-Xmhn-t\mtSm km-Zr-iy-ap-≈h\m-°p-∂ kw-K-Xn-sb-¥v?. Xn-cp-ta-\n ]-d™p: "Pn-_vco-¬ C-t∏mƒ A-h-sb-°p-dn-®v F-\n-°v A-dn-hv \-¬-In-bn-cn-°p∂p. A-¥y-\m-fns‚ {]-Y-a A-S-bm-fw P-\-ß-sf In-g-°p-\n∂pw ]-Sn™m-tdm-´v \-bn°p-∂ H-cp A-·n-bm-Ip∂p. kz-¿-§-hm-kn-I-fp-sS H-∂ma-sØ Blm-cw H-cp a-’y-°-c-fn-s‚ D-Ø-a-`m-K-am-Ip∂p. ]p-cp-j-ip-¢w kv{Xo ip-Ivf-sØ ap-≥-I-S-∂m-¬ Ip-´n ]p-cp-j-t\mSpw a-dn-®m-sW-¶n-¬ Ip´n kv-{Xo-tbmSpw km-Zr-iy-ap-≈-h-\m-Ipw.' X-s‚ tNm-Zy-߃-°p icnbm-b a-dp]-Sn e-`n-®-t∏m-ƒ A-t±-lw ]-d-™p: A-√m-lp-h-√m-sX a-s‰m-cp B-cm-[y-\n-s√∂pw Xm-¶-ƒ A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-\msW∂pw Rm-≥ km£yw h-ln-°p-∂p. (_p-Jmcn) A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p kemw ho-´n-te-°p Xn-cn®p. ho-´p-Im-¿ At±-l-Øn-s‚ B-⁄ A-\p-k-cn®p. A-hcpw k-Xy-Zo-\n-s‚ A-\pbm-bn-I-fmbn. X-s‚ C-kvemw a-Xm-t«-j-hm-¿-Ø A-t±-lw Pq-X∑m-cn-¬ \n-∂p a-d-®p-sh®p. A-t±-lw \_n(k)sb k-ao-]n-®p ]d™p. "A-√-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-Isc, Pq-X-∑m-¿ hym-P-io-ecm-b P-\k-aq-l-amWv. F-s‚ a-X-]-cn-h-¿Ø-\ hm-¿-Ø A-h-¿ A-dn-bm-\n-Sh-∂m-¬ F-s‚ t]-cn-¬ hymPm-tcm-]-W-ß-ƒ \-S-Øp-I-bpw C-√mØ A-]-cm-[-ßfm-tcm-]n-®p A-[n-t£-]n-°p-Ibpw sN-øpw. AXpsIm-≠v A-ß-bp-sS H-cp ho-´p-ap-dn-°I-Øp F-s∂ H-fn-∏n-°p-Ibpw F-s∂-°p-dn®-ht- cm-Sv tNm-Zn-°p-Ib - pw sN-øp-I' d-kq-¬ Xn-cp-ta-\n(k) A-t±l-sØ H-cp ho-´p-ap-dn-°p-≈n-¬ H-fn-∏n-®p. (C-_v-\p ln-imw 2:139) Pq-X-∑m-¿ B-K-X-cmbn. "A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p kemw \n-ß-fpsS a-t≤y F-ß-s\-bp-≈ hy-‡n-bm-Wv?' Xn-cp-ta-\n(k) A-h-tcm-


69 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Sp tNm-Zn-®p. A-h-¿ ]-d™p: "R-ß-fn-¬ G-‰w D-Ø-a\pw D-Øa-s‚ ]p-{X-\p-amWv. R-ß-fp-sS t\-Xmhpw t\-Xm-hn-s‚ a-I-\p-amWv' "At±-lw C-kvemw kzo-I-cn-®p-sh-¶n-¬ \n-ß-ƒ F-¥p-]-d-bp∂p.?' F∂p Xn-cp-ta\n(k) tNm-Zn-®-t∏m-ƒ "A-√m-lp A-t±l-sØ A-Xn¬ \n-∂p Im-Øp c-£n-°-s´' F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p A-h-cp-sS a-dp-]Sn. DS-s\ A-–p-√m-ln ]p-d-Øph-∂p C-{]-Im-cw {]-Jym-]n®p: "A-√mlphn-\p ]pd-sa a-s‰m-cp B-cm-[y-\p-an-s√∂pw ap-l-Ω-Zv \-_n A-√mlp-hn-s‚ d-kq-em-sW-∂pw Rm-≥ a-\-km-hm-Nm Aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-∂p' (Pq-X-≥-am-¿ DS-s\ A-h-cp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw Xn-cpØn) A-h-¿ ]-d™p: "R-ß-fn-¬ G-‰w Zp-„\pw R-ß-fn-¬ Adp Zp„-s‚ ]p-{X-\pamWv' A-h-¿ A-t±l-sØ C-Sn-®p-Xm-gv-Øn kw-km-cn-®p. "A-√m-lphn-s‚ {]-hm-N-Isc, C-Xp X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p Rm-≥ `-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂ Im-cyw' C-_v-\p kemw ]-d-™p. (_p-Jmcn) A-t±-lw X-s‚bpw Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚bpw C-kvemw a-Xmt«j hm-¿-Ø hn-fw_-cw sN-bvXp. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xr-hy Jm-enZbpw C-kvemw A-h-ew-_n-®p. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 2: 139)

F-¶n-¬ A-bm-ƒ {]-hm-NI - \ - mWv aplΩ-Zv \_n(k) a-Zo-\-bn-¬ h-kn-°p-∂ Imew. hn-hm-lnXcm-b c-≠p kv{Xo ]p-cp-j-∑m-¿ hy-`n-Nm-cw \-SØn. A-h-cn-cp-hcpw Pq-X IpSpw_-Øn-¬-s∏-´-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. {]-iv-\w Pq-X-]-fin-X∑m-cp-sS ap-ºn-seØn. A-h-¿ X-ß-fp-sS B-cm-[-\m-e-b-Øn-¬ ktΩ-fn-®p N-¿-® \-S-Øn. A-¥n-a-\n-¿-t±-iw C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu kv-{Xo-sbbpw ]p-cp-j-s\bpw ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ A-Sp-tØ-°p sIm≠pt]m-Ip-I; F-∂n-´v Ah-sc kw-_-‘n-® hn-[n-sb-¥m-sW-∂v A-t±l-tØm-Sv tNm-Zn-°p-Ibpw hn-[n {]-tbm-Kn-°m-\p-≈ A-[n-Im-cw A-t±-l-Øn-\p \-¬-Ip-Ibpw sN-øp-I. \n-ß-ƒ km-[m-c-W \-¬-Imdp-≈ in-£-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \-¬-Ip-∂-sX-¶n-¬, A-t±-lw H-cp cmPm-hv am-{X-amWv; A-t±l-sØ \n-߃ - Aw-Ko-Ic - n®p-sIm-≈p-I. Ahsc F-dn™p-sIm-√Wsa-∂m-Wv A-t±-lw hn-[n-°p-∂-sX-¶n-¬, \n w-i-bw, Abm-sfm-cp {]-hm-N-I-\-s{X. \n-ß-fp-sS ssI-bn-ep-≈ a-X t\-Xr-Xzhpw A-[n-Im-chpw A-t±-lw ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-s\ Ip-dn-®v \n-ß-ƒ Pm-{K-X-]m-en°pI'.


70 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

{]-kv-XpX \n-¿-t±-im-\pkmcw Pq-X-∑m-¿ A-]-cm-[n-I-sfbp-ambn \_n(k)sb k-ao-]n®p. "ap-l-Ω-Zv, Cu hn-hm-ln-Xcm-b kv{Xo ]p-cp-j-∑m-¿ hy-`n-N-cn-®n-cn-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v A-h-cp-sS Im-cyØn-¬ hn-[n {]-Jym-]n-°pI.' hn-[n \-S-Øm-≥ R-ß-ƒ Xm¶-sf A-[n-Im-c-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.' (C-_v-\p ln-imw 2:193) hy-`n-Nm-cn-sbbpw hy-`n-Nm-cn-Wn-sbbpw A-Sn-°p-Ibpw A-hcp-sS ap-J-ß-ƒ I-dp-∏n-®p I-gp-X-I-fp-sS ]p-d-Øp Ib-‰n A-h-cp-sS ]r-„-`m-K-tØ-°p Ah-sc A-`n-ap-J-am-°n sIm-≠p t]m-Ip-I-bp-ambn-cp-∂p A-∂p Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS C-Sbn-¬ \-S-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂ in-£m k-{º-Zmbw. F-∂m-¬ hn-hm-ln-X-cm-Wv hy-`n-Nm-c-°p-‰w sN-bv-X-sX¶n-¬, Ah-sc F-dn™p-sIm-√-W-sa-∂m-Wv C-kv-em-an-s‚ hn[n. AXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS Xu-dm-Øn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. \-_n Xn-cp-ta-\n A-h-tcm-Sv tNm-Zn-®p. F-dn™p-sIm-√p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®v Xu-dm-Øn-¬ F-¥m-Wv Im-Wp-∂-Xv? "Ah-sc A-Sn-°p-I-bpw h-jfm-°p-Ibpw sN-ø-W-sa-∂m-Wp-≈-sX-∂v A-h-¿ {]-XypØ-cw \-¬In-b-t∏m-ƒ A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p k-emw(d) ]-d™p. \n-ß-ƒ ]-d™Xv hym-P-amWv. F-dn™p-sIm-√-W-sa-∂m-Wv Xu-dm-Øn-ep-≈Xv. Xudm-Øv sIm-≠p-hcq. Xu-dm-Øv sIm-≠p-h∂p. A-hcn-sem-cm-ƒ h[n-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p {]-Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂ kq-‡-Øn-¬ ssIh-®p A-Xn-\p-apºpw ]n-ºp-ap≈-Xv hm-bn®p. X-Z-hk-cw A-_p-Zp-√m-ln-_v-\p kemw A-h-t\m-Sv ssI-s]m°m-≥ ]-d™p. A-h≥ ssI s]m°n. A-t∏m-ƒ, A-Xne-Xm F-dn™p h-[n-°-W-sa-∂ kq-‡w! X-Zvth-f Pq-X-∑m-¿ ]-d-™p: ap-lΩZv, A-bm-ƒ ]-d™-Xv k-Xy-am-Wv. A-Xn-¬ F-dn-™p h-[n-°-Wsa-∂v {]-kv-Xm-hap≠v. \-_n Xn-cp-ta\n k) DS-s\ A-h-cn-cp-h-scbpw F-dn™p-sIm-√m-≥ I-¬-∏n®p. A-h-¿ h-[n-°-s∏-´p. (_p-Jmcn, apkvenw) X-ß-ƒ k-Zm hm-bn-°p-I-bpw ]-Tn-°p-Ibpw ]-Tn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ "hn-ip-≤{K-Ÿ-'Øn-se H-cp hn-[n a-d-®p]n-Sn-°m-≥ Pq-X-∑m-¿ Im-Wn-® hy{K-X \_n(k)sb A-¤p-X-s∏SpØn. Xn-cp-ta\n(k) A-h-tcm-Sv tNm-Zn®p. "I„w! Pq-X-∑msc, A√m-lp-hn-s‚ hn-[n-sb˛A-Xp \n-ß-fp-sS h-i-ap-≠m-bn-cns°˛ D-t]£n-°p-∂-Xn-\v \nß-sf t{]-cn-∏n-® Im-cy-sa¥v?' A-h-cp-sS a-dp]-


71 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Sn C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p: A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw! Cu hn-[n R-ß-fn¬ {]-tbm-K-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-ßs\-bn-cns°, cm-P-Ip-Spw-_Øn-¬ s]-´ H-cp {]-Xm-]n hy-`n-N-cn®p. Ah-s\ h-[-in-£-bn-¬ \n∂v cm-Pm-hv c-£n®p. A-\¥-cw H-cp km-[m-c-W-°m-c-≥ hy-`n-N-cn°m-\n-S-h∂p. cm-Pm-hv Ah-s\ F-dn™p-sIm-√m-\p-Zy-an-s®-¶n-epw P-\w A-\p-h-Zn-®n-√. A-h-¿ ]-d™p: "B -{]-Xm-]n-sb h-[n-°p-∂Xph-sc Ch-s\ h-[n-°m-≥ R-ß-f-\p-h-Zn-°n√.' Cu X-¿-°-sØØp-S¿-∂p A-h-¿ k-tΩ-fn-®p H-cp A-\p-c-⁄-\-ap-≠m°n. A-Xp C∂p R-ß-ƒ sN-bv-Xp-h-cp-∂ in-£m k-{º-Zm-b-am-Wv. Aß-s\ Fdn-™p-h-[n-°p-I-sb-∂ \n-ba-sØ A-h-¿ Zp-¿-_-e-s∏-SpØn. C-Xp-tI-´-t∏m-ƒ \_n(k) C-{]-Im-cw {]-kv-Xm-hn®p. A-√mlp-hn-s‚ B-⁄-sb-bpw th-Z-sØbpw ]p-\-¿-Po-hn-∏n-°p-Ibpw AXp {]-tbm-K-h-Xv-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-X-h-cn-¬ {]-Y-a-≥ Rm-\m-Ip∂p. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 2:195)

{]m-¿∞ - \ - b - ° v- n-√, Pn-kvb Xcmw dkq-¬(k)bp-sS a-Zo-\m-\n-hm-k-Ime-Øv \-Pv-dm-\n-se A-dp]Xv t]-c-S-ßn-b {In-kv-Xy-≥ \n-th-Z-I-kw-Lw \-_n-bp-sS A-Sp-Øph-∂p A-h-sc√mw A-izm-cq-V-cm-bn-cp∂p. A-h-cn-¬ ]-Xn-\m-ep-t]¿ G-‰w {]-ap-Jcpw {]-Xm-]-im-en-I-fp-am-bn-cp∂p. A-_q lm-cn-kbmbn-cp-∂p. A-h-cp-sS ]m-Xn-cnbpw a-X-t\-Xm-hpw ]-≈n-ta-[m-hnbpw. {In-kv-Xp-a-X {K-Ÿ-ß-fn-¬ {]m-hoWyw t\Sn-b A-_q-lm-cnk-sb {In-kv-Xym-\n-Ifmb tdmw A-[n-]-Xn-I-ƒ B-Z-cn-°p-Ibpw \n-ch-[n k-º-Øp \¬-In k-º∂--\m-°p-I-bpw ]-cn-Nm-c-I-∑m-sc A-b®p-sImSp-°p-Ibpw N-¿-®p-I-ƒ \n-¿-Ωn®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠m-bncp∂p. \-_n(k)sb t\-cn-¬°-≠p kw-km-cn-°m-≥ h-cpw at[y A_q-lm-cn-kbp-sS hml-\w, tIm-h-¿ Igp-X, Im-¬-h-gp-Xn. A-bmfpS sXm-´-Sp-Øm-bn bm-{X-sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c-≥ Iqkv Cu bm-{X-°p C-S-h-cpØn-b \_n(k)sb i-]n®p: "B hnZq-c-ÿ-≥ \-in-°-s´'. A-_q lmcnk tIm-]m-Ip-e-\m-bn. "A-√ \o \-in-°-s´'! A-bm-ƒ ]-d™p. Iq-kv ]cn-`-h-s∏´p. "k-tlm-Zcm, F¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv Aß-s\ ]-d-bp-∂Xv?' A-t∏m-ƒ A-_q-lmcn-k


72 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

{]-Xn-h-Nn®p. "A-√m-lp-hm-Wv k-Xyw! A-t±-l-am-Wv \mw {]-Xo£n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ {]-hm-NI≥' Iq-kv hn-´n-√. "C-°mcyw Xm-¶-ƒ-°-dn-bm-sa-∂n-cn-s° A-t±l-Øn-¬ hn-iz-kn-°p-∂-Xn-\p F-¥p {]-Xn-_-‘-am-Wp-≈Xv?' Xs‚ k-tlmZ-c-t\m-Sv A-_q-lmcn-k kXyw ]-d-™p: "Cu {In-kvXy-≥ P-\-X \-ap-°v \-¬In-b B-\p-Iq-ey-ß-ƒ X-s∂; A-h-¿ \-sΩ B-Z-cn®p, {]-Xm-]hpw [-\-hpw \-¬In sF-iz-cy-hm-∑m-cm°n; A-hcm-Is´, Cu {]-hm-NI-s\ F-Xn-¿-°-W-sa-∂p X-s∂ i-Tn-°p-∂p. Rm-≥ hn-iz-kn-°p-s∂-¶n-¬ C-°m-Wp-∂ B-\p-Iq-ey-ß-sf√mw Ah-¿ ]n-≥-hen-°pw' {In-kv-Xo-b a-lm-]-fin-X\m-b A-_q-lmcn-k \-¬-In-b kXy-km£yw Iq-kv X-s‚ A-I-Ø-fn-cn-¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-h®p. A-t±-lw ]n-∂o-Sv C-kvemw B-t«-jn®p. Iq-kv ]-e-t∏mgpw X-s∂ C-kv-em-ante-°v \-bn-® Cu kw`-hw ]-d-bmdp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 2:204) \-Pv-dm-\n-se {In-kv-Xy-≥ \n-th-Z-I kw-Lw a-Zo-\-bn-seØn. A-h-cp-sS {]m-¿-Y\-°p k-a-b-ambn. d-kq-¬(k)bp-sS ]-≈n-bn-¬ A-h-¿ \-a-kv-I-cn°m-s\m-cpßn. hn-e°m-s\m-cpßn-b kz-lm-_nam-tcm-Sv -Xn-cp-ta-\n ]-d-™p: "Ah-sc hn-t´°q'. A-h-¿ X-Z-hk-cw In-g-t°m-´p Xn-cn™p, X-ß-fp-sS {]m¿-∞-\ \-SØn (C-_v-\p lnimw 2:206). Ah-¿ Cukm(A)s\-°p-dn-®p Xn--cp-ta\n-tbm-Sv ]-eXpw tNmZn®p. A-t∏m-ƒ hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿-B-\n-se B-ep-Cw-dm-≥ A-[ym-b-Ønse {]m-cw-`-Øn-se F-¨-]-Xn-te-sd B-b-Øp-I-ƒ A-h-Xo-¿-Æ-ambn. (A-kv-_m-_p-∂p-kq-¬ kp-bqYn: t]. 54) tbip-{In-kv-Xp-hn-s\ kw-_-‘n-® i-cncm-b hnh-cw Xn-cp-ta\n(k)°v A-√m-lp \¬In. C-Xp kzo-I-cn-°m\pw Aw-Ko-I-cn-°m\pw B-K-X-¿ X-øm-dm-Ip-∂ns√-¶n-¬ B-cm-Wv k-Xy-hm-Zn-I-sf-∂v sX-fn-bn-°p-∂ \n-¿-Æm-b-I Xo-cp-am-\-Øn-te-°v Ah-sc £-Wn-°m-≥ A-√m-lp \_n(k)°v B-⁄-\-¬In: "h-√-hcpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn-¬ (A-t±-lw a-\p-jy\pw {]-hm-N-I-\p-am-Wv. ssZ-htam ssZ-h-]p{Xt\m A-√ F∂ k-Xy-Øn-¬) Xm-¶-tfm-Sv X-¿-°n-°p-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ A-h-tcm-Sp ]-dbp-I: hcq; \-ap-°v R-ß-fp-sS ]p-{X-∑m-scbpw \n-ß-fp-sS ]p-{X-∑m-


73 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

scbpw R-ß-fp-sS kv-{Xo-I-sfbpw \n-ß-fp-sS kv-{Xo-I-sfbpw Rß-fp-sS i-co-c-ß-sfbpw \n-ß-fp-sS i-co-c-ß-sfbpw £-Wn-°mw. F-∂n-´p A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ im-]w A-k-Xy-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS ta-¬ B°ns°m-≠v, \-ap-°v im-] {]m-¿-∞-\ \-S-Ømw.' (hn-ip-≤ Jp-¿B≥: 3:61) Cu £-Ww tI-´p `-b-N-In-Xcm-b {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-ƒ "Rßsf hnSq; R-ß-sfm∂m-tem-Nn°s´' F-∂p ]d-™p A-h-cn-te-‰w A-`n-{]m-b-ti-jn-bp-≈ B-Jn-_p-am-bn c-l-kym-tem-N-\ \-SØn. _p-≤n-am\m-b B-Jn-_v ]-d™p: {In-kv-Xy-≥ k-aq-l-ta, ap-lΩ-Zv \n- wi-bw {]-hm-N-I\pw Zq-X-\-p-am-sW-∂p \n-ß-ƒ-°-dn-bmw. \nß-fp-sS B-sf-°p-dn®p (Cu-km(A)sb-°p-dn®v) hy-‡am-b hnhcw A-t±-lw \n-߃-°p \-¬In. H-cp {]-hm-N-I-\p-am-bn im-]-{]m¿∞-\ \-S-Øn-b k-aq-l-Øn-¬ h-e-n-b-h-≥ A-h-ti-jn-°p-Itbm sNdn-b-h-≥ ap-f®p-s]m-ßp-I-tbm sN-bv-Xn-´n-s√-∂p \n-ß-ƒ-°-dn-bm-at√m. \n-ß-ƒ AXn-s\m-cp-ßp-s∂-¶n-¬ \n-ß-fp-sS k-aq-e \m-iw kp-\n-›n-X-amWv. \n-ß-fp-sS a-X-tØm-Sv C-W-ßnØ-s∂ Po-hn-°W-sa∂pw tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp-sh-°p-dn-®p \n--ß-ƒ-°p-≈ hm-Z-K-Xn-bn-¬ X-s∂ D-d-®p-\n-¬-°-W-sa∂pw B{K-ln-°p-s∂-¶n¬ A-t±-l-hp-ambn k-‘n-bm-hp-I. ]n-∂o-Sv kz-tZ-i-tØ-°v Xn-cn-°pI. (C-_v-\p-lnimw 2: 215) A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ {]-hm-N-I-≥ ]p-d-s∏´p. Iq-sS ]u-{X-∑mcm-b lk-≥, lp-ssk-≥ F-∂n-hcpw ]p{Xn ^m-Øn-abpw Pm-am-Xm-hv Aen(d)hpw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Rm-≥ {]m-¿-Yn-®m-¬ \nß-ƒ "B-ao-≥' ]-d-b-W-sa-∂v A-h¿-°v Xn-cp-ta\n(k) \n-¿-t±-iw\-¬In. A-t∏mgm-Wv {In-kv-Xy-≥ kw-Lw h-∂Xv. im-]-{]m¿-∞-\ \-S-Øm-≥ A-h¿ hn-k-Ω-Xn®p. Pn-kvb- \-¬-Im-sa-∂p ]-d™p. Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-am-bn A-h-¿ k-‘n-\-S-Øn. (A_q-\-Cuw) `-b-hn-lz-ecm-b {In-kv-Xy-≥ ]m-Xn-cn-am-¿ F-¥p-hn-ebpw \¬In X-ß-fp-sS {]mW-s\ c-£n-°m-≥ X-øm-dm-hp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. A-h-¿ I-cm-dp sNbv-X kw-Jy `o-a-am-bn-cp∂p."c-≠m-bn-cw ]p-X∏v, ]-Ip-Xn k-^-dnepw _m-°n d-P-_n-epw, ap∏-Xp ]-S-b¶n, ap∏-Xp IpXn-c, ap∏-Xp H-´-Iw, F-√m bp-≤mbp[-Øn-¬ \n∂pw ap-∏-Xp-ho-Xw.' C-Xm-bn-cp-∂p {]-kvXp-X {]m-¿-∞-\-bn-¬ \n-∂p c-£-s∏-Sm-≥ \-¬-


74 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Im-sa-∂v I-cm-¿ sNbv-X Pn-kvb (A-_q-Zm-hqZv)

PqX-∑m-cp-sS H-fn-®pIfn Pq-X-∑m-¿ th-Z-°m-cmWv. A-d-_n-I-f-dn-bm-Ø th-Z-hr-Øm-¥ß-ƒ A-h-cp-sS h-i-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ap-lΩ-Zv \_n(k)bp-sS B-Ka-\-Øn-\p-ap-ºv A-d-_n-I-fp-am-bn kw-L-´-\-ap-≠m-Ip-tºm-ƒ h-cm-\ncn-°p-∂ A-¥y-{]-hm-N-I-≥ X-ß-fp-sS ]-£-°m-c-\m-sW∂pw B {]-hm-NI-s‚ Iq-sS tN¿-∂p A-d_ - n-It- fm-Sp {]-Xn-Im-cw ho-´p-sa∂pw Pq-X-∑m-¿ A-d-_nI-sf `o-j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂p. am-{Xa-√, hn-]-¬L-´-ß-fn-¬ Cu {]-hm-NI-s\ ap-≥ \n-dp-Øn A-√m-lp-thm-Sv A-h-¿ k-lm-b-a-¿-∞n-°p-Ibpw sN-øm-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. \-_n in-jy\m-b l-kvd-Øv C-_v-\p A-∫m-kv(d) ]-d-bp-∂p. ssJ-_-dn-se Pq-X-∑m-¿ K-Xv-^m≥ tKm-{X-°m-cp-am-bn bp-≤w sNøm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kwL-´-\ th-f-bn-se-√mw Pq-X-¿ ]-cm-Pn-X-cm-bns°m-≠n-cp∂p. Cu L-´-Øn-¬ A-h-¿ {]m-¿-∞n®p. "A-√m-lp-sh, A-¥y-Im-e-Øv R-߃-°v th-≠n \o F-gp-t∂-¬-]n-°p-sa-∂p \o R-ß-tfm-Sp hm-KvZ-Øw sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈ \n-c-£-c-\m-b {]-hm-NI-s‚ am-lm-flyw sIm-≠v Rß-sf i-{Xp-°-ƒ-s°-Xn-sc \o k-lm-bnt°-W-ta-sb-∂p R-ß-ƒ \n-t∂m-Sv A-¿-Yn-°p∂p' K-Xv-^m≥ tKm{X-hp-am-bn G-‰p-ap-´p-tºm-sg√mw Cß-s\ {]m-¿-∞n®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p. A-t∏m-sg-√mw K-Xv-^m-≥-Im-sc A-h¿-°v hn-c-´n-tbm-Sn-°m-≥ km-[n°p-I-bpw sN-bvXp. F-∂m-¬ \-_n(k) {]-hm-N-I-\m-bn \n-tbm-Kn°-s∏-´-t∏m-ƒ A-t±l-sØ A-h-¿ \n-tj-[n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. (ap-kv-X-Zv-dIv: lm-°nw, Z-em-bn-¬: ss_-lJn) a-Zo-\bn-se Pq-X-∑m-¿ d-kq-¬(k) bp-sS {]-hm-N-I e-œn-°papºv Hukv, J-kv-d-Pv F-∂o tKm-{X-ß-ƒ-s°-Xn-sc Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb ap-≥-\n¿-Øn A-√mlp-thm-Sv k-lm-b-a-¿-∞n°p-I ]-Xn-hm-bn-cp∂p. F-∂m-¬ A-d-_n-I-fn-¬ \n-∂v B {]-hm-NI-s\ A-√m-lp \n-tbmKn-®-t∏m-ƒ A-h-¿ A-t±-l-Øn-¬ A-hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw A-t±-l-sØ°p-dn-®p ap-≥-Iq-´n-∏-d™p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ Im-cyß-sf \n-tj-[n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. ap-B-Zp-_v-\p P_-¬, _n-ip-dp-_v-\p-_-dmAv, Zm-hq-Zv_v-\p k-e-a F-∂n-h-¿ A-h-tcm-Sv ]-d™p. "Pq-X-k-aq-lta, A-√lp-sh `-b-s∏-Sp-I, C-kvemw B-t«-jn-°p-I, R-ß-ƒ _lp-ssZ-


75 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

hm-cm-[-I-cm-bn-cp-∂-t∏m-ƒ \n-ß-ƒ ap-l-ΩZv Xn-cp-ta-\n(k)- sb ap≥-\n-dp-Øn R-ß-ƒ-s°-Xn-sc k-lm-b-a-`y-¿-∞n-®n-cp-∂p-h-t√m! At±-lw {]-hm-N-I-\m-bn \n-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p \n-ß-ƒ R-ß-tfmSp kw-km-cn-°p-Ibpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Kp-W-hn-ti-j-ß-ƒ hn-i-ZoI-cn-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p-ht√m!' X-Z-hk-cw _-\q-\-fn-¿ Pq-X-tKm-{X-Øn-se H-cp Aw-Kam-b k-√m-ap-_v-\p an-iv-Iv ]-d™p: "R-ß-ƒ-°-dn-bm-hp-∂ H-cp Im-cyhpw A-t±-lw sIm-≠p-h-∂n-´n-√; A-t±-la-√ R-ß-ƒ \n-ß-tfm-Sp ]d™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ Bƒ' (C-_v-\p A-_o-lm-Ønw, A-kv-_m_p-\p-kq-¬: kp-bq-Yn t]-Pv 13) kv-]-¿-≤-bpw `uXn-I Xm-¬-]-cyhpw ÿm-\-tam-lhpw \n-anØw X-ß-ƒ hn-fn-®p-Iq-hn \-S-∂ k-Xy-Øn-¬ A-hn-iz-kn-® Pq-X∑m-sc Jp-¿-B-≥ \n-in-X-am-bn hn-a-¿-in-°p∂p. "X-ß-tfm-sSm-∏-ap≈ {KŸ-sØ i-cn-sh-°p-∂ H-cp a-lm {K-Ÿw A-h-¿-°p h-∂-t∏mƒ (Ah¿ \n-tj-[n-®p X-≈n-°-f™p.) A-h-¿ A-Xn-\p-ap-ºv A-hnizm-kn-I-ƒ-s°-Xn-sc k-lm-b-a-`y-¿-∞n-°p-∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. Aßs\ A-h¿-°p hy-‡-am-bn A-dn-bm-hp-∂ Imcyw -h-∂-t∏m-ƒ A-hc-Xn-¬ A-hn-iz-kn-®p I-f™p. B-I-bm-¬ A-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ-°p A√m-lp-hn-s‚ im-]-ap-≠v.' (hn-ip-≤-Jp-¿B-≥ 2:89)

t\-Xm-hn-s‚ A-t¥ym-]t- Ziw H-cp hn-`m-Kw Pq-X-∑m-¿ a-°m Jp-ssd-inI-sf k-ao-]n-®p. \_n(k)tbm-Sp bp-≤w sN-øm-≥ Ah-sc t{]-cn-∏n®p. Ah-s\ D∑qe\w sN-øpwh-sc R-ß-ƒ \n-ß-tfm-sSm-∏-ap≠v F-∂p hm-KvZØw sN-bv-Xp. k-¥p-„cm-b Jp-ssd-in-I-ƒ A-{]-Im-cw sN-øm-sa∂p k-Ω-Xn®p. {]-kvXp-X Pq-X-kw-Lw K-Xv-^m≥ tKm-{X-°m-sc k-ao]n-®p. A-h-scbpw Cu co-Xn-bn-¬ {]-tem-`n-∏n-®p h-i-Øm-°n. Cu Pq-X kw-L-Øn-se {]-ap-J-\m-b lp-b-øp-_n-≥ A-JvX-_v a-Zo-\mbnse "_-\qJp-ssdfm' Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS t\-Xm-hm-b I-Av-_p-_n-≥ Ak-Zn-s‚ A-Sp-tØ-°m-Wv ]n-∂o-Sv t]m-bXv. lp-b-øn-s‚ \n-¿-_-‘Øn-\p hg-ßn IA-v_v Xm\pw \_n(k)bp-am-bn sNbv-X D-Sº-Sn ew-Ln-®v-sIm-≠v Jp-ssd-iv, K-Xv-^m-≥ F-∂o tKm-{X-ß-tfm-sSm-∏w Xn-cp-ta\n-tbm-Sv bp-≤w sN-øm-≥ k-∂-≤-\mbn. C-Xm-bn-cp-∂p ln-


76 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

Pvd A©mw h¿-jw \S-∂ "J-¥Jv' bp-≤-Øn-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-ew. (C_v-\p-ln-imw) i-{Xp-k-©-b-ß-ƒ H-Øp-tN-¿-∂p-h-∂psh¶n-epw, A-√m-lphn-s‚ k-lm-b-l-kv-Xw A-¤p-X-I-c-am-bn ap-kv-enwI-sf c-£n®p. bp-≤w ]-cy-h-km-\n®p. Xn-cp-ta\n(k)bpw k-lm-_m-°fpw a-Zo-\bn-te-°p Xn-cn®p. A-h-¿ B-bp-[-ß-ƒ Xm-sg-sh-®-tX-bp-≈q Pn-_v co-¬(A) B-K-X-\m-bn. A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ B-⁄ {]-hm-N-I-]pw-Khs\ A-dn-bn®p. ]p-d-Øp-\n-∂p-≈ i-{Xp-°-fp-sS kw-L-Sn-Xm-{Ia-Ww \-S-∂-t∏m-ƒ, Cu hn-]-¬ L-´-Øn-¬ ap-kvenwI-sf k-lm-bn-°m-≥ _m-[y-ÿcm-b _-\q Jp-ssd-fm Pq-X-∑m-¿ I-cm-¿ ew-Ln®p i-{Xp]£-Øp tN¿-∂v ap-kvenw-Iƒ-°p G-‰w-hen-b D-]-{Z-hw kr-„n-°pI-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. Cu k-aql-sØ sh®p-s]m-dp-∏n-°m-≥ ]m-Sn-s√∂m-bn-cp-∂p h-lvbv. DS-s\ ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hm-≥ Xn-cp-ta\n(k) A-\p-bmbn-Iƒ-°v B-⁄ \-¬In. C-cp-]-Ønb-©p Znh-kw Xn-cp-ta-\n Ahsc D-]-tcm-[n-®p \n∂p. D-]-tcm-[w Ah-sc X-f-¿Øn. A-√m-lp sIm-Spw-`o-Xn A-hc - p-sS a-\ - n-en´p. A-√m-lp-hns‚ {]-hm-NI - ≥ - Ahsc D-t]-£n-®p-t]m-I-bn-s√-∂-h-¿-°p-d-∏mbn. X-Z-hk-cw A-h-cp-sS A-`nh-μy t\-Xm-hm-b I-Av-_p-_n-≥ Ak-Zv H-cp A-t¥ym-]-tZ-iw sN-bv-Xp. "Pq-X-k-aq-lta, Rm-≥ aq∂p Imcyw \n-ß-fp-sS ap-ºn-¬ sh-°p∂p. A-h-bn-¬ \n-ß-ƒ-°n-„ap-≈-Xv kzo-I-cn°q. \mw C-t±l-sØ A-\p-K-an-°p-I: A-√m-lp-hmWv kXyw C-t±-lw {]-hm-N-I\pw Zq-X-\p-am-sW-∂ h-kvXp-X \n߃-°v hy-‡-am-bn-°-gn-™n-cn-°p∂p. \n-ß-fp-sS th-Z-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ \n-ß-ƒ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ {]-hm-N-I-≥ C-t±-lw X-s∂-bmWv. F-¶n-¬ \n-ß-fp-sS c-‡hpw kzØpw kp-c-£n-X-am-bn-Øocpw! Xu-dm-Øv I-søm-gn-bm\pw ]I-cw a-s‰m-cp {K-Ÿw kzo-I-cn°m\pw R-ß-ƒ X-øm-dn-s√-∂m-bn-cp-∂p Pq-X-∑m-cp-sS a-dp-]Sn. IAv_v X-s‚ c-≠ma-sØ \n-¿-t±-iw A-h-X-cn-∏n®p. "F-∂m-¬ h-cq \Ωp-sS k-¥m-\-ß-sfbpw kv-{Xo-I-sfbpw h-[n-°pI. Du-cn-∏n-Sn-® J-Uv-K-hp-am-bn ]mZNmcn-I-fmbn ap-l-ΩZn-t\mSpw A-\p-bm-bn-ItfmSpw bp-≤w sN-øm-≥ \mw C-d-ßn-Øn-cn-°p-I. a-cn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ \ap-°v `m-cym-k-¥-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p `-b-an-√m-sX a-cn-°mw. hn-Pb-am-Wv ^-es - a-¶n-¬ `m-cybpw k¥Xn-Ifpw C-\n-bp-ap-≠m-Ipw'. "Cu


77 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

km-[p°-sf kz-Icw-sIm-≠p sIm-∂n-´p ]n-∂o-Sp \mw Po-hn-®n-s´¥p KpWw?' A-h-¿ I-Av_n-t\m-Sp tNm-Zn®p. A-h-≥ ]-d™p: "CXp \n-ß-ƒ hn-k-Ω-Xn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ \n-ß-ƒ C-dßq. C-Xv i-\nbm-gv-N-cm-hm-Wv. "i-_Xv' ]p-Wy-Zn-\-am-bXp-sIm-≠v ap-l-ΩZpw A\p-bm-bn-I-fpw \-sΩ Ip-dn-®v \n-¿-`-b-cm-bn-cn-°mw. A-h-cp-sS A-{i≤ D-]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn \-ap-°h-sc I-S-∂m-{I-an-°mw. aq-∂m-a-sØ \n-¿-t±-ihpw A-h-¿ Xn-c-kv-I-cn®p. "i-\n \m-fn-¬ Ip-g-∏-ap-≠m-°p-Itbm? A-∂p sX-‰p-sN-bv-X-h-¿ cq-]m¥-cw h-cp-Ø-s∏-´ kw-`-hw Xm¶-ƒ-°-dn-bm-a-t√m? tIm-]m-Ip-e\m-b I-Av-_p-_n-≥ Ak-Zv C-{]Im-cw ]-d™p. "\n-ß-fn-¬ H-cmfpw X-s∂ X-s‚ am-Xm-hv {]-k-hn®-Xn-\p ti-jw H-cp cm-{Xn-t]mepw Zr-V-a-\-kv-I-cm-bn Po-hn-®n-´n-√' (C-_v-\p-ln-imw 3:255)


78 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

{KŸImcs‚ ae-bmf IrXn-Iƒ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 20.

A¥y{]hm-N-IcpsS {]h-N-\-߃ ImØn-cp∂ {]hm-N-I≥ XJveoZv kwi-b-߃°p adp-]Sn C≥jq-d≥kpw sjb¿ _nkn-\kpw Dd-°hpw kz]v\hpw aX ]cn-XymKw `hn-jyØpw Imc-W-ßfpw am¿÷mc imkv{Xw P\n-XI imkv{X-Øns‚ C{μ-Pmew Nn¥mInc-W-߃ samgnbpw s]mcpfpw (lZokv hymJym\w H∂v) lZokv A¿∞hpw hymJym-\hpw (c≠vv) lZokv A¿∞hpw hymJym-\hpw (aq∂v) l÷v a_vdq¿ Bflo-tbm¬°¿j-Øns‚ hnlm-b- n-te°v tbmK, [ym\w, Ckvemw Ifnbpw hnt\m-Zhpw hnNmc hoNnIƒ \oXn-bpsS \nkvXpe \nZ¿i-\-߃ \n-kv-Im-cw hn-j-a L-´-ß-fn-¬ Xqen-Im-X-cw-K߃ B-fl-⁄m-\n-I-fp-sS ]-dpZok


79 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

{KŸImcs‚ Ad_n IrXn-Iƒ

ΩÓ°ùdGh IÓ°üdG ¬«∏Y ô°ûÑdG ~«°S IÒ°S (1 ΩÓ°ùdG ¬«∏Y ô°ûÑdG ƒHCG (2 AGõLCG áKÓK :AÉ«Ø°UC’G ¥RQ (3 áÑjô¨dG ¿G~HC’Gh áÑ«é©dG OÉ°ùLC’G (4 á©Ñ°ùdG ¿Éà°ùH (5 (qºY AõLh á–ÉØdG IQƒ°S) ÚdÓ÷G Ò°ù«J (6 (∑QÉÑJ AõL) ÚdÓ÷G Ò°ù«J (7 (ádCÉ°ùeh ádCÉ°ùe ∞dCG ÜÉàc øe ∫qh’C G Aõ÷G) ?GPÉŸ (8 ≈æ°ù◊G ¬∏dG Aɪ°SCG ìô°T ≈æ¨dG ™«HÉæj (9 ΩÓ°SE’G á°VhQ ¤EG ΩÓYC’G á∏MQ (10 ¬æY ¬∏dG »°VQ ºgOCG øH º«gGôHEG øj~gGõdG ¢ù«FQ (11 ¬JÒ°Sh ¬JÉ«M ÜOC’G ¿ÉæL (12 AGôë°üdG áæ«Ø°S (13 ΩGƒ©dG I~«≤Y ìô°T Ωq É¡ŸG I~«àY (14 AGõLCG áKÓK :»eÓ°SE’G ¬≤ØdG á°UÓN (15 AGõLCG áKÓK :¿BGô≤dGÒ°ùØàH ¿ÉÁE’G ôjƒæJ (16 AGõLCG á°ùªN :á«cõàdG ¢ShQO (17 I~°TGôdG áaÓÿG (18 áqjƒeC’G áaÓÿG (19 »eÓ°SE’G ⁄É©dG ïjQÉJ (20 ÜÓ£dG ⁄É©e (21


80 ImØn-cp-∂ {]-hm-NI≥

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