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MASTER IN ADvANCED ARCHITECTURE Design With Nature

2014/15 meta_genesis RESEARCH

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BARCELONA

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MASTER IN ADVANCED ARCHITECTURE Project Title: meta_Genesis

Research Studio: design with nature program: Maa_01

Faculty: Javier Pena - Rodrigo Rubio Faculty Assistant: Oriol Carrasco Assistant: Alessio Verdolino

Felipe Agudelo Neel Kaul Shashank Shahabadi

Barcelona


INDEX 01 .......Begining

01 l 1 ......Metabolic Phylogenesis

02 .......Intention

02 l 1 .......Bio-Degradable

03 .......Valldaura

03 | 1 ........Material Phylogenesis

04 ...... Latex

04 | 1 ........Latex Phylogenesis

04 | 2 ........Material Palette

04 | 3 ........Material Tests

05 ......Mycelium 06 ......Skin 07 ......Project

07 | 1 ........Site Analysis

07 | 2 ........Proposal Plan 08 ......Structure 09 ......Conclusion 10 ......References


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OPENING

The intension of the studio was to focus on the living/ natural materials and how we can increase the properties or efficiency of the materials by selecting them through a process of phylogenesis within the metabolic range. The initial framework of the project was a pure material research in which we blend different natural materials based on their properties and we test them on different parameters. There after we noticed that the materials had evolved to a grater extent in terms of controlling the temprature, water resistance, increased tensile strength and even has a scope of agricultural production. After the culmination of all the research and tests the selected materials proved efficient to be applied as an exterior skin or could be a possible replacement to green house or could be layer to collect surface run-off water in sloppy terrain. The research even gave us a possibility to use this material as alightweight block for construction. In terms of building architecture the future idea for this project would be enhance its properties in making it into a lightweight construction block for the buildings of human scale.

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08

re_ruined hiroshima_arata isozaki


# 01

begining Every man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creativity or in the darkness of destruction.

“Once there was a nation that went to war, but after they conquered a continent their own country was destroyed by atom bombs... then the victors imposed democracy on the vanquished. For a group of apprentice architects, artists, and designers, led by a visionary, the dire situation of their country was not an obstacle but an inspiration to plan and think… although they were very different characters, the architects worked closely together to realize their dreams, staunchly supported by a super-creative bureaucracy and an activist state... after 15 years of incubation, they surprised the world with a new architecture—Metabolism—that proposed a radical makeover of the entire land... Then newspapers, magazines, and TV turned the architects into heroes: thinkers and doers, thoroughly modern men… Through sheer hard work, discipline, and the integration of all forms of creativity, their country, Japan, became a shining example... when the oil crisis initiated the end of the West, the architects of Japan spread out over the world to define the contours of a post-Western aesthetic....” —Rem Koolhaas / Hans Ulrich Obrist

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METABOLIC DESIGN PROCESS Solar Active Bio Fuel

The Beginning

Soil

The research line process has been defined by a phylogenesis process to broaden the scope of the design studio. The metabolic pixel has been broken down into its two major components to understand and study different examples inspired by nature. Taking example from the birth of metabolism in architecture, this chart forms the genesis of all the further experimentation and research.

Catabolic Process

Organic

Natural

Passive Fossil

Wind Dynamic

Tidal Fall

Process Information Information Process Transmition Ar Form Organic Function Material Process Form Inorganic Function

Resources

Ecology

Components

Anabolic Process

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Bio-degrad Notes: Metabolism is a set of processes performed by the living beings that allow them to interchange matter and energy with their environment. The phase that consists of the disintegration of complex or-


PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPES

The Beast-Theo Jansen

Stuttgart Pavilion 2013 - 14-ICD/ITKE

Design with Nature

EastGate Building - Mick Pearce

Seed Cathedral - Heatherwick Studio

dable Process

Brick Mycelium Tower - The Living

ganic compound to release energy is known as catabolism, whereas the phase that consists of the arrangement of organic compounds from simpler compounds to store energy is called anabolism.

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Items that break down over time naturally, like food scraps or paper, are BIODEGRADABLE. Most biodegradable items are made from animals or plants, but some artificial materials designed to mimic these organic substances can also degrade over time. When the environment--air, sunlight, water or ground soil substances--cannot break down the waste, it is considered non-biodegradable. These products have a longer-lasting effect on the environment. Lifespan of Materials If an item is biodegradable, it does not mean that it will break down quickly. A banana peel degrades in two months, while notebook paper will break down in three months. Harder substances take longer. Soda cans can take up to 350 years, while the plastic rings that hold together a six-pack of those cans can take up to 450 years. Glass bottles and styrofoam products might never biodegrade. The danger is that products that do not biodegrade will continue to pile up over time, requiring more and more land devoted to holding waste. Effects on the Land The planet has a limited amount of land, and people waste it when they dispose of non-biodegradable materials. Products that do not decompose naturally may reside in landfills and take up space much longer than biodegradable materials. When people litter, some non-biodegradable trash may not even make it into landfills. Instead, it may make its way into forests, parks, fields, and the sea. Styrofoam, also known as foamed polystyrene, is a non-biodegradable substance that can cause environmental problems when it becomes litter. For instance, styrene, a neurotoxin at high doses, can leach out of polystyrene materials when temperatures climb. Contaminated Ground Water Long-term exposure to air, light and water can cause synthetic materials like plastic to emit toxic pollutants. Plastics, which are petroleum-based, contain toxins that can leach into water supplies. Low doses of Bisphenol A--a chemical used in water bottles, food containers and hard plastics--leach into foods and water over time and are carcinogenic, cause insulin resistance and interfere with conception.

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Effects on Marine Life Non-biodegradable plastic containers in oceans and estuaries can harm fish, seabirds and other marine life. Animals that eat plastic can strangle or experience digestion problems. Microplastics, tiny bits of polypropylene or polyethylene, hide beneath the water and pose a risk as well. Outgassing Plastic pollutes the air in much the same way it taints water supplies. Constant exposure to heat melts plastic, emitting gases into the atmosphere in a process known as outgassing. According to the conservation website Mindfully, incinerating plastic causes toxic fumes to be released into the atmosphere. The same problem happens with plastics exposed to constant sunlight. Biodegradation: Microorganisms at Work When something is biodegradable, soil, air or moisture decompose it so that it becomes part of the land. Bacteria, fungi and other decomposers break down dead organisms in a natural process that keeps dead material from covering the planet. While most biodegradable substances consist of animal or plant material, humans can create products that decompose, such as egg cartons and paper bags. If a company produces biodegradable plastic, decomposers break down the plastic’s complex organic molecules into simpler inorganic compounds.


# 02 intention Train tickets

2 weeks

Paper Towel

3 weeks

Orange or Banana Peel

3 weeks

Newspaper

6 weeks

Apple Core

2 months

Cardboard

2 months

Waxed milk carton

3 months

Cotton Glove

3 months

Ropes

5 months

Canvas products

1 year

Plywood

2 years

Wool Sock

3 years

Natural Latex

5 years

Cigarette Butts

10 years

Lumber

12 years

Painted board

13 years

Plastic Bag

15 years

Plastic Film Container

25 years

Leather shoes

35 years

Nylon Fabric

35 years

Foamed Plastic Cups

50 years

Leather

50 years

Tin can

50 years

Rubber-Boot Sole

65 years

Rubber-Boot Sole

65 years

Foamed Plastic Buoy

80 years

Batteries

100 years

Aluminum cans

200 years

Plastic Beverage Bottles

450 years

Sanitary Pads

500 years

Monofilament Fishing Line 600 years

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Bio-Degradable Every year, between five and 13 million more tons of plastics wind up in the world’s oceans and a whopping 80 percent of that waste pours in from just 20 countries. China is the most egregious offender, discarding nearly 30 percent of the world’s ocean-bound plastics, according to a new country-by-country analysis of plastic trash in the sea published Thursday by Science. No matter where it comes from, these plastics kill thousands of seabirds, sea turtles and marine mammals each year. Discarded bottles and packaging containers can also leak chemicals such as bisphenol A, which could be consumed by fish and eventually cause health problems for consumers. The economic cost of such pollution runs high, too -- communities in California spend at least $428 million a year combating litter and clearing trash from their beaches, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. These problems are likely to only get worse unless something changes, the authors of the newly published analysis say.

Thus it was important to focus on the researh line in the direction on bio-degradable substances. The functionality of the substance be inspired by the forces of nature and eventually decipates and degrades into the nature. This forbed the basis of this research.

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plastic waste in global waters

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# 03 valldaura Iaac’s Valldaura Campus is set in the woody area on the north of Barcelona. The estate is located in the municipality of Cerdanyola, on the flank of the Collserola Natural Park. Valldaura ia a place to learn directly from nature and understand its uniqueness to realise solutions.

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material phylogenesis

TREE EXTRACTS/ PLANTS

MATERIAL SELECTION

FROM EARTH

ARTIFICIAL PRODUCTS

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MATERIALS


MIXES

LATEX + MARBLE PEBBLES

50

%

50%

50% 50%

70

%

30%

LATEX +ALGAE

LATEX + MARBLE DUST

%

%

LATEX +SAW DUST

LATEX ACTS AS A GOOD BINDER AND MIXES WELL WITH ALL THE MATERIALS. THE COMPOSITES ARE FLEXIBLE AND HAVE A GOOD TENSILE STRENGTH. IT IS OBSERVED THAT IS IS RESISTANT TO HEAT, WATER AND TEMPERATURE AND IS RESISTANT TO CONTAMINATION.

MATERIALS WITH LATEX

50

50

Iaac’s Valdaura Campus served as the context for material selection. This list has been made based on the materials available in the area and formed a source of inspiration for other naturally occuring substances. It has been mixed in certain proportions to explore a new combination of different natural materials. The mixing has been done with a liquid and a soild or a semi solid substances.

70 %

30%

LATEX + CRUSED MARBLE

50%

50%

LATEX + WOOL

25% 50%

25%

LATEX + SAWDUST + CLAY

%

40

20%

40%

ANIMAL GLUE + WAX + JUTE

ANIMAL GLUE + WOOL 20% %

%

20

60

ANIMAL GLUE + WOOL + SAW DUST

MATERIALS WITH ANIMAL GLUE

30 % 70%

ANIMAL GLUE ACTS AS GOOD BINDER BUT CURES FAST, HENCE MAKING THE COMPOSITE VERY RIGID AND HAS A VERY POOR TESIILE STRENGTH. IT CONTAMINATES EASILY AND OVER TIME BECOMES WEAK. BUT SINCE IT CURES VERY FAST IT CAN BE USED AS A BINDER FOR OTHER

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Why Latex? Natural Rubber Latex has a large stretch ratio and high resilience, and is extremely waterproof. It resists heat and is easily bio-degradable. Natural rubber is used extensively in many applications and products, either alone or in combination with other materials. Latex is a mixture of organic compounds produced by some plants in special cells called caticifers. The composition of latex differs from plant to plant. Most natural rubber comes from a single species of tree, Hevea brasiliensis. Though native to South America, H. brasiliensis is planted in large plantations in southeast Asia, including Malaysia. Rubber trees take around 5 years to grow from a seedling to maturity, or a point that it can start to produce rubber. It has an economic life of about 25 to 30 years. Trees are tapped by removing thin strips of bark, which disrupts the laticifers. The latex then flows down grooves cut in the tree and drips into collection cups. After natural latex is processed, it becomes a rubber with excellent mechanical properties. It has excellent tensile, elongation, tear resistance and resilience. It has good abrasion resistance and excellent low temperature flexibility. However, without special additives, it has poor resistance to ozone, oxygen, sunlight and heat. It has poor resistance to solvents and petroleum products. Useful temperature range is -67ยบ F to +180ยบ F (-55ยบ C to +82ยบ C). It is the high resistance to tear and its superb resiliance over synthetic rubber that makes it still being used by medical doctors and surgeons all over the world.

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# 04 LATEX After several mixtures latex proved to be a better material to work with as it mixed with various other materials easily. It took the least amount of time to solidify and was easier to manage. Natural Latex is Bio-degradable and depending on the thickness and combination it degrades into the nature in 5 months to 5 years.

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THE MIXES

LATEX + MARBLE PEBBLES

+

=

LATEX + CRUSHED MARBLE

+

=

LATEX + MARBLE DUST

VARIOUS mixes with LATEX

+

=

LATEX + ALGAE

+

=

LATEX + SAWDUST

+

=

LATEX + WOOL

+

=

LATEX + CLAY

+

=

LATEX + STONE DUST 22

+

=


OBSERVATIONS

PROPERTIES

THIS DIN’T MIX WELL. THE COMPOSITE DISINTEGRATES WHEN APPLIED TO THE TENSILE FORCES.

ELASTICITY

THE COMPOSITE DOES NOT PERFORM WELL WITH HEAT AND TEMPRATURE.

TRANSPERANCY

THE COMPOSITE MIXES WELL AND HAS A GOOD RESISTANCE TO THE TENSILE FORCES BUT HAS A LOW TRANPARENCY.

MATERIAL STRENGTH

THE COMPOSITE DOES NOT MIX WELL. IT HAS A VERY LOW TENSILE STRENGH, IT DETEORATES VERY FAST AND HAS VERY POOR THERMAL RESISTANCE

FLEXIBILITY

THE COMPOSITE MIXES WELL AND HAS A GOOD RESISTANCE TO THE TENSILE FORCES AND HAS A GOOD THERMAL RESISTANCE.

HEAT STRENGTH

THE COMPOSITE DOES NOT MIX WELL. IT HAS A VERY LOW TENSILE STRENGH AND VERY LOW RESISTANCE TO HEAT.

AMALGAMATION

THE COMPOSITE SHOWS PERFORMS WELL HAS STRONG BONDING BETWEEN THE THREE COMPONENTS, HAS STONG TENSILE STRENGTH.

WATER - RESISTANT

STONE POWDER MIXED WLL WITH LATEX. SLIGHT DISTORTION WAS OBSERVED AFTER THE STRETCH.

DEFORMATION

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THE MATERIAL PALETTE

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1

2

3

6

5

7

7

8

9

10

11

12


Latex, Saw Dust, clay A& stone dustC B After testing various mixes of latex, based on their efficiency and combining strength, sawdust, clay and stone dust were chosen to be put in certain proportions to get the desired material. A basic material palette with different materials were made based on the mixing propotions by diiferent volumes. The 12 mixes gave improved results. Each material based on thickness and proportion performed differently. My increasing or decreasing a certain parameter the strength, thermal properties and elasticity varied. Hence this chart forms a catalogue for further research.

D

1 2

Phy

MATERIAL COMPOSITION Material Characteristic

3 Mix

4

Thickness

Deformatio

5 6

1

Latex

2 mm

3cm

7

2

Latex

5 mm

2cm

3

Latex 100ml Sawdust 50gr

2 mm

2cm

4

Latex 100ml Sawdust 50gr

5 mm

1.5cm

5

Latex 100ml Clay 50gr

2 mm

3cm

6

Latex 100ml Clay 50gr

5 mm

2cm

7

Latex 100ml Clay 25gr

2 mm

3.5cm

8

Latex 100ml Clay 25gr

5 mm

2.5cm

9

Latex 100gr Stonedust 50gr

2 mm

3cm

10

Latex 100ml Stoneust 50gr

5 mm

2cm

11

Latex 110ml Sawdust 100gr

2 mm

2.5cm

12

Latex 110ml Sawdust 100gr

5 mm

1.5cm

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

MAXIMUM MINIMUM

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material tests

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AA

BB

22

CC

MaterialCharacteristic Characteristic Material

DD

Mix Mix

FF

Ther Therm

PhysicalProperties Properties Physical

33 44

EE

Thickness Thickness

Deformation Deformation

Elasticity/ /original original Elasticity S Thermaltransfer transfer Thermal size10 10cm cm size

55 66

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Latex Latex

mm 22mm

3cm 3cm

35cm 35cm

42° 42°

77

22

Latex Latex

mm 55mm

2cm 2cm

30cm 30cm

34° 34°

33

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Sawdust50gr 50gr Sawdust

mm 22mm

2cm 2cm

27.5cm 27.5cm

34° 34°

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Latex100ml 100ml Latex Sawdust50gr 50gr Sawdust

mm 55mm

1.5cm 1.5cm

20cm 20cm

31.5° 31.5°

55

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Clay50gr 50gr Clay

mm 22mm

3cm 3cm

25cm 25cm

31.5° 31.5°

66

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Clay50gr 50gr Clay

mm 55mm

2cm 2cm

17.5cm 17.5cm

30° 30°

77

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Clay25gr 25gr Clay

mm 22mm

3.5cm 3.5cm

30cm 30cm

37° 37°

88

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Clay25gr 25gr Clay

mm 55mm

2.5cm 2.5cm

25cm 25cm

34° 34°

99

Latex100gr 100gr Latex Stonedust50gr 50gr Stonedust

mm 22mm

3cm 3cm

22.5cm 22.5cm

31° 31°

10 10

Latex100ml 100ml Latex Stoneust50gr 50gr Stoneust

mm 55mm

2cm 2cm

20cm 20cm

35° 35°

11 11

Latex110ml 110ml Latex Sawdust100gr 100gr Sawdust

mm 22mm

2.5cm 2.5cm

17.5cm 17.5cm

33° 33°

12 12

Latex110ml 110ml Latex Sawdust100gr 100gr Sawdust

mm 55mm

1.5cm 1.5cm

15cm 15cm

33° 33°

88 99 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 28 2926 29 30 30

MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MINIMUM MINIMUM


G

H

I

rmal Properties/Sun Test

J

K

Thermal Properties/Heat Gun Test

Material insulation Shadow test / floor Direct heat from the heating with heat temperature 43° sun on material gun /47°

External temperature after heating

Internal temperature after heating

32°

33°

27.5°

57°

41°

31°

31.8°

26.7°

55°

34°

30.9°

34.1°

24.5°

63°

49°

29.6°

33.1°

24.3°

53°

32°

26.6°

49.3°

25.9°

56°

47°

25°

43.6°

25.4°

58°

40°

25.5°

33.5°

24.3°

59°

53°

22.7°

31.5°

25.1°

61.5°

40°

25.5°

42.1°

25.1°

61°

60°

26.5°

44.4°

25.1°

40°

37°

28.7°

31.3°

25.4°

78°

55°

27°

34.2°

24.3°

66°

33°

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material tests

DEFORMATION & ELASTICITY TEST

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Shadow (Floor Temp Shadow TestTest (Floor Temp 43ยบ 43ยบ) Celsius)

THERMAL TEMPERATURE THERMAL TRANSFER

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

Thermal Tests

THERMAL TRANSFER

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

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Thermal Properties: Heat Gun Test

EXTERNAL HEATING FROM THE SUN Temperature of the surface underneath the mix

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

Thermal Properties: Heat Gun Test

TEMPERATURE OF THE MATERIAL AFTER BEING EXPOSED TO THE SUN FOR A VERY LONG TIME

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

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Thermal Tests

DIRECT HEAT GAIN FROM THE SUN ON THE MATERIALS

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

Thermal Tests

MATERIAL INSULATION, HEATING WITH THE HEAT GUN AT 47ยบ CELSIUS

Mix 1 Mix 2 Mix 3 Mix 4 Mix 5 Mix 6 Mix 7 Mix 8 Mix 9 Mix 10 Mix 11 Mix 12

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Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. Through the mycelium, a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment. It does this in a two-stage process. First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as monomers. These monomers are then absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport. Mycelium is vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for their role in the decomposition of plant material. They contribute to the organic fraction of soil, and their growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. “Mycelium”, like “fungus”, can be considered a mass noun, a word that can be either singular or plural. The term “mycelia”, though, like “fungi”, is often used as the preferred plural form. One of the primary roles of fungi in an ecosystem is to decompose organic compounds. Petroleum products and some pesticides (typical soil contaminants) are organic molecules (i.e. they are built on a carbon structure), and thereby present a potential carbon source for fungi. Hence, fungi have the potential to eradicate such pollutants from their environment; unless the chemicals prove toxic to the fungus. This biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation. Mycelial mats have been suggested (see Paul Stamets) as having potential as biological filters,

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removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water. The use of fungal mycelium to accomplish this has been termed mycofiltration. Knowledge of the relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants suggests new ways to improve crop yields. When spread on logging roads, mycelium can act as a binder, holding new soil in place and preventing washouts until woody plants can be established. Since 2007, a company called Ecovative Design has been developing alternatives to polystyrene and plastic packaging by growing mycelium in agricultural waste. The two ingredients are mixed together and placed into a mold for 3–5 days to grow into a durable material. Depending on the strain of mycelium used, they make many different varieties of the material including water absorbent, flame retardant, and dielectric.[2] Fungi are essential for converting biomass into compost, as they decompose feedstock components such as lignin, which many other composting microorganisms cannot.[3] Turning a backyard compost pile will commonly expose visible networks of mycelia that have formed on the decaying organic material within. Compost is an essential soil amendment and fertilizer for organic farming and gardening. Composting can divert a substantial fraction of municipal solid waste from landfill.


# 05 mycelium A 4”X4”X4” Mycelium block was covered with Latex. Generally mycelium exposed to natural conditions would convert into dust particles in 4-5 weeks. But even has few months it was seen that mycelium inside latex was still preserved and was alive. After 2 weeks mushrooms started growing on the surface while the mycelium inside was still protected. This proved that retained the humidity, is non toxic an.

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BIOMIMETICS Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems. Living organisms have evolved well-adapted structures and materials over geological time through natural selection. Biomimetics has given rise to new technologies inspired by biological solutions at macro and nanoscales. Humans have looked at nature for answers to problems throughout our existence. Nature has solved engineering problems such as self-healing abilities, environmental exposure tolerance and resistance, hydrophobicity, self-assembly, and harnessing solar energy.

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# 06 Skin After understanding the properties of latex, this experiment was made to make a breathing skin. Using examples of biomemitic an attempt was made to create a facade system which could reduce the temperature allows purified air into the indoor space and can breathe. Over the time it could grow plants and eventually bio-degrades.

They can be found doing a headstand in the early morning allowing the fog to condense on their back and then run down towards the mouthparts where they can then drink up to 40% of their body mass on a given morning. BUMPS IN SURFACE

Frogs and toads have a ‘lycra’ type skin that protects them from from injury and disease. It comes in wonderful variations of colour and patterns.Frog skin is water permiable, this means it can let water in and out. Frogs don’t often drink with their mouths, they absorb water through their skin. WATER RETENTION Skin made to mimic the creatures above

Worms do not have lungs but breathe through skin. They take in oxygen through skin and it goes right into bloodstream. The skin must stay wet in order for the oxygen to pass through it. Worms have to be damp, moist and slimy. Although if the water has lots of air in it, it can stay under for a long time. AIR MOVEMENT 35


skin - mould The cast was made out of wood using a milling machine. Layers of latex and saw-dust where sprayed and poured. after 5 days the mould was opened out to get the flexible skin.

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skin properties

POCKETS FOR WATER STORAGE

R TE WA

RE SIS TAN T

EVAPORATIVE COOLING

HT

D

SE

U IFF

LIG

D

AT HE

38

N IO AT L SU IN


IMPROVING AIR QUALITY

WATER TO BE USED BY INDOOR PLANTS

FLEXIBLE DESIGN

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# 07 project The use of latex in the broader sense came into exsistence by understanding and analysing Valldaura within Collserola Park. Several analysis like soil erosion, water flow and etc. were done to be aware of the problems and needs of the area.

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Water flow analysis

Iaac Valldaura

The natural water flow analysis of the site indicates the area where the problem of surface run-off is maximun and where does the water finally gets collected. The blue line indicates the flow of water. The thickness shows where the water stangnates.

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soil erosion analysis

After the slope analysis it was found that the area has very steep slope in some parts of Collserola. Due to this it has huge problems of surface run-off when it rains. This results in the top layer of the soil being wahed away - making the land unproductive for agricultural growth.

The red colors indicates the area of maximum erosion and the blue the least.

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project proposal The water resistant property of the material was used for this proposal, which tries to solve the current problems of the site - surafce run-off and erosion of the soil. We propose to stratgically place the retention ponds which will be made using the mixes or layers of our research which in turn would help soil to be fertile and resist in loosing its nutrients by surface water run off. This would in turn also act as a water storage sytem for natural water.

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PROPOSED AREA OF INTERVENTION

The points on the map indicate the location of the proposed retention ponds highlighting the posibility of where water can be collected, distributed and channelised to the other parts of the site and to the city. 45


Zoomed in proposal plan

The main idea for the proposal is to make retention ponds on the specific points where the rain water run-off is maximum. This would ensure the water gets collected and also allowing water to go deep into the soil making the land fertile over time.

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DETAILED PLAN OF THE SITE WITH THE PROPSED RETENTION PONDS AND THE CONNECTING LAKES.

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site section A retention pond made of latex bricks has been proposed where there is a possibility of collecting rain water. Latex and clay bricks has been used to make a small round tank. A tube is inserted with gravel and sand filter at the bottom of the pit which goes to the lower layers of the soil this would enable rain water discharge. Over time the soil will be rich in nutrients and will be fertile for agriculture.

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DETAILED SECTION OF THE PROPOSAL

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# 08 sturcture The research semester ended with a structure in the Valldaura Campus. All the different groups combined with their individual projects to make the structure. Latex was used as a canopy and to channnelise the rain water to store it for the use in landscaping.

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VALLDAURA STRUCTURE

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Future of Collserola

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# 09 CONCLUSIONS This research and tests forming a part of the metabolic cycle has been performed in natural conditions and might be used for agricultural production. This is not a conclusion but a future proposal and possibilities with the material. In terms of building architecture the future idea for this project would be to extend and enhance its properties in making it into a light-weight construction block for buildings of human scale. Furthur research and tests will probably enable to make a structure by modifing the properties to float on a surface of water with the use of bricks/blocks. Hence an open-ended research cycle forming our Meta_Genesis.

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References www.ehow.com/ www.valldaura.net www.forbes.com www.en.wikipedia.org www.jwlatexconsultants.com www.mattress-inquirer.com www.hygenic.com www.sgfelken.com www.eugenegoesthailand.com www.madehow.com FoamX-Poble Nou,Barcelona

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# 10

REFERENCES

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Profile for Shashank Shahabadi

Final booklet 1  

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