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The Netherlands is located in the North-West of Europe. It’s a constitutional monarchy. This country borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east. The capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands is also called Holland. The official language of Holland is the Dutch. The Netherlands has twelve provinces: Drenthe, Flevoland, Zeeland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, North Brabant, North Holland, South Holland Overjissel and Utrecht. It climate is very nice, the


summer aren’t too hot and the winters aren’t too cold. Also, it is very windy.


ď ś FAUNA The Netherlands has 20 nationals parks and hundreds of other nature reserves. Most are owned by Staatsbosbeheer and Natuurmonumenten and include lakes, heathland, woods, dunes and other habitats. The most common trees are oak, elm, pine, linden and beech. ď ś FLORA Birds are those characteristics of Western and Central Europe, with large numbers of seagulls swarming over the coastal areas from time to time. Many kind of fish abound along the North Sea coast and in the lakes and rivers. Wild or big animals practically nonexistent.


 Tulips is one symbol of The Netherlands. This country is the most largest exporter,imported and producer of tulips in the world and have a surface of 10.800 hectares.In this country there is the biggest auction of this plant. And there are many tourism places of tulips:

 The visit to the Keuhenhof, one of the places more photograph in the world.

 Visit the most auction of tulips of the world in Aalsmeer.


The Netherlands is unquestionble the “ cheese country”. In fact, the Dutch are known as “cheese-head. In 1988 The Netherlands produced over 550 million kilos of cheese, of which 400 million kilos was exported primarily to other Western European countries. But also in America and Japan, Dutch cheese finds a welcome market. There are different types of cheese like:  Boeren Leidenkaas  Dutch Mimolette  Edam  Friesekaas


 Friesian  Gouda  Smoked Gouda  Kernhem  Leyden


Wooden Shoes or Clogs there are types of shoes. There are four kind of those. Clogs can be a type of shoe or sandal made of Wood. Also can be a type of heavy boot or shoes with sides. People on farmers and in fishing villages sometimes wear “klompen�. Even though the shoes are noisy, they protect the feet from damp earth better than leather shoes do. They never wear their wooden shoes in their houses. They leave them outside and change into leather shoes.


Coffeeshops, not to be confused with cafés, have been a part of Amsterdam since the 1970’s, when the Dutch Government made a clear distinction in the law beetwen “hard” and “soft” drugs. Coffeeshops have always existed in a legal grey area. In this place you can buy Marihuana or Cannabis. And this is totally legal.


The Netherlands has a lot of windmills, one of the reasons is because there the climate is very windy. They use them to drain and dry the land. Just about everywhere you look , you will see a windmill. They used to be used for grinding grains such as corn and wheat. The sails on windmills are used to be used to send messages. If the sails were set vertical and horizontal, it meant that the mil was ready to start work. Sails that were set 45 degrees to the ground meant the mil could not work. If the sails were set before 6 and 12 o’clock, it meant


He was born on the March 30 of 1853 and he death on July 29 of 1890. He liked to paint pictures of flowers like Irises. Another of his early paintings, The Potato Eaters, became one of his most well known Works. He loved children, especially his nephew. Even though he was a great artista, he never painted pictures of chidren. Sometimes his actions were violent and his neighbours were afraid of him. Once he tried to slash an associate,


Gauguin, with a razor, and that same night he cut off his own ear. He liked to paint scenes from nature, and he tried to show the lives of the common people as they worked at their jobs. He wrote over 700 to his brother, Theo. From these letters people were able to learn about him and how he felt. His life ended sadly in 1890, when at the age of 37, he died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

Beatrix Wihelmina Armgard was born on 31 January 1938 at Soestdijk. Queen Beatrix succeeded her mother as Queen of the Netherlands in 1980. From the date, Her Majesty formed part of the government. The Queen was married with Prince Claus. They had three sons: Prince Willem-Alexander, Prince Friso and Prince Constantijn. The eldest, Prince Willem-Alexander-the Prince of


Orange- wil succeed her. The Queen Beatrix represents the Netherlands both at home and abroad.

Dutch cuisine is shaped by the practice of fishinf and farming, including the coultivation of the soil for raising crops and the raising of domestical animals. The Netherlands is reowned for its varities of cheese and its is where the Dutch process chocolate originated. Dutch cuisine is somewhat limited diversity of dishes and includes a high consumption of vegetables compared to the consumption of meat.


St. Nichola’s Day is on the 6th December, but in The Netherlands, the major celebrations are held on the 5th December. The name Santa Claus comes from the name “Sinterklass”. On the morning of St. Nick’s Day, Sinterklass travels to a city or a town in The Netherlands,


wearing his red clothes. He travels with his servant called Zwaret Piet (Black Peter). When Sinteklass and Zwaret come to the coast into the boat, all of the local church bells ring in celebration. Sinterklass then leads a procession throught the town, riding a white horse. If he has gone to Amsterdam that year he will to meet the Queen in the Palace. And the children leave their clogs or shoes out to be fillled with presents

ALL ABOUT THE NETHERLANDS  

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