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Chapter 2/Interactions 1 Experiencing Nature The Powerful Influence of Weather global

universal, worldwide

mood

the way you feel at a particular time

moody

often changing quickly from being in a good temper to being in a bad temper [=temperamental]

emotion

feeling

sufficient

enough, adequate

recreate

to make something from the past exist again in a new form

depend on

need the help and support of someone or something, in order to live or continue as before, rely on

meteorology

the scientific study of weather conditions

biometeorology

a science that deals with the relationship between living things and atmospheric phenomena

atmosphere

the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth

powerful

very strong or great, forceful

impact

effect, influence

personality

someone's character, especially the way they behave towards other people

moisture

amounts of water that are present in the air

air pressure

force of the air

stroke

damage to a blood vessel in the brain which can cause a loss of the ability to move

vessel

particular parts of the body, a tube that carries liquids such as blood through the body

heart attack

a serious medical condition in which the heart does not get enough blood, causing great pain and often leading to death

headache

pain in the head

forceful

powerful

disorder

an illness of the mind or body

physical

connected with the body


associated

to be related to a particular subject, activity etc

disease

an illness which affects a person, animal, or plant

cold

a common illness that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose and often makes your throat hurt

pneumonia

a serious illness that affects the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe

lung

one of the two organs in your body that you breathe with

region

a large area of a country or of the world, usually without exact limits [= area]

blood pressure

the force with which blood travels through your body

force

physical or natural power

greatly

extremely or very much

depressing

making you feel very sad

depressed

very unhappy, low in mood

nervous

worried or frightened about something, and unable to relax

irritable

getting annoyed quickly or easily

Seasonal Affective Disorder-SAD

an illness that makes people feel sad and tired in winter, because there is not enough light from the sun

darkness

when there is no light

organize

arrange things in a particular order or pattern

hurricane

a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water

flood

a very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry

injury

a wound or damage to part of the body caused by an accident or attack

response

reply, reaction

average

not unusually big or small

tropical

existing in the hottest parts of the world: the tropical rain forests

humidity

the amount of water contained in the air, wetness

typical

usual

extreme

very unusual and severe or serious

tornado

an extremely violent storm that has air that spins very quickly

blizzard

snowstorm


drought

a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals

force

natural power

globe

the world

global warming

a general increase in world temperatures caused by increased amounts of carbon dioxide around the earth

major

very large or important

planet

a very large round object in space that moves around the sun or another star

amount

a quantity of something such as time, money, or a substance

coal

a hard black mineral which is dug out of the ground and burnt to produce heat

complain

to say that you are annoyed, not satisfied, or unhappy about something or someone [= complaint]

criticism

remarks that say what you think is bad about someone or something

rainbow

a large curve of different colors that appear in the sky when there is sun and rain

arthritis

inflammation of the joints

cluster

a group of things of the same kind that are very close together to

generate

produce or cause something [= create]

training thunderstorms

storms that follow each other along the same route

thunderstorm

a storm with thunder and lightning

troublesome

causing problems, in an annoying way: a troublesome child

phenomenon

something that happens or exists in society, science, or nature, especially something that is studied because it is difficult to understand

moderate

not very large or very small, very hot or very cold, very fast or very slow etc

threat

the possibility that something very bad will happen

property

the thing or things that someone owns

front

the place where two areas of air of different temperatures meet, a boundary between different air masses

dump

to put down or drop something in a careless way


total

including everything

successive

coming or following one after the other

pour

make a liquid flow quickly and in large amounts

thoroughly

completely

soak

to make something completely wet

interstate highway

a wide road that goes between states, on which cars can travel very fast

ranch

a very large farm on which animals are kept, especially in North America

isolate

to separate one person, group, or thing from other people or things

route

a way between two places that buses, planes, ships etc regularly travel

tend

likely to behave in a particular way

involve

include

boundary

the real or imaginary line that marks the edge of a state, country etc

mass

a large amount of a substance which does not have a definite or regular shape

barely

almost not [= hardly]

battle

a fight between two armies, groups of people etc

to fuel

to make something, especially something bad, increase or become stronger

formation

the development of something into a particular thing or shape

unpredictable

changing a lot so it is impossible to know what will happen

altitude

the height of an object or place above the sea

cut-off

a limit or level at which you stop doing something

circulate

to move around within a system

swell

to become larger and rounder than normal

to roll

to move continuously in a particular direction

ashore

towards the shore of a lake, river, sea etc

mudslide

when a lot of wet earth suddenly falls down the side of a hill

constant

happening all the time, continuous


feature

characteristic, quality, trait


Chapter 2 experiencing nature vocab