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Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

TREASURE AUCTION #10 Tuesday, October 25, 2011 Session I: noon EDT Session II: 4:00 p.m. EDT

Wednesday, October 26, 2011 Session III: 10:30 a.m. EDT Session IV: 3:00 p.m. EDT

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327 www.SedwickCoins.com

Bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com Auction and catalog production by

Dan Sedwick, Augi García, and Cori Sedwick Downing Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592 © All images and text are copyright of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2011. All rights reserved.

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1)

Each lot will be sold to the highest bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, telephone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. All bids must be received before the auction session begins. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC (hereinafter referred to as the Auctioneer) or any of its employees individually cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time, or for any technical glitches that prevent internet bids from being executed. All bids are in U.S. dollars.

2)

Winning bids will be reduced automatically by the iCollector platform to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie.

3)

A winning bid is considered a formal contract between the buyer and the consignor. The winning bidder, even if acting as an agent for someone else, is considered the buyer, and, by submitting his bid, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he has won and to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping costs, sales tax, bank-wire fees, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the buyer. Certain lots (particularly artifacts) may require special packaging and handling, for which a surcharge will be levied (also note shipping calculations will delay invoicing). In some special cases delivery may be arranged directly between the consignor and the buyer, at the buyer’s cost. At no time shall the buyer have any legal recourse against the consignor for any reason. Winning bidders will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification or within one month of the date of the first session of the auction, whichever is sooner. Winning bidders who do not receive notification for whatever reason are NOT released from their obligation to pay on time. If payment has not been received within these terms, the Auctioneer reserves the right to sell the lot(s) to any underbidders for their lower bid amounts. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 2% per month.

4)

Unless other arrangements are made, all lots will be sent to winning bidders via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases). Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is responsible for loss or damage to lots only up until they are received at the address to which they are sent; any transshipment from there is the buyer’s responsibility alone. Generally, lots will be shipped in the order in which they are paid.

5)

A Buyer’s Premium of 18% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Winning bidders who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 3% (net 15%).

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Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by PayPal, limited to $5,000 per auction per buyer, should be made to auction@sedwickcoins.com. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank. Please contact us for instructions for wire-transfer payments, for which bank charges may be necessarily added to the amount to be paid, generally depending on the country from which the wire originates.

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New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply commercial references in the numismatic field and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidder with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of that balance before his bids will be accepted.

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8)

You may opt for “either/or” and/or “total budget” bids on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. “Total budget” bids are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend more than a specified amount. Both options are subject to a minimum of $5,000 total in bids and “either/or” bids are additionally subject to a minimum of $100 per lot (below that, bidders should bid live on the Internet instead). These options are not available for bids submitted via iCollector (either live or by proxy).

9)

Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will generally be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars.

10)

As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level (generally at least 70% of low estimate). Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith. Starting bids are provided on iCollector when the auction is published, and bids below those starting bids cannot be entered. Prices realized do not necessarily reflect accurate market values so much as what the high bidder is willing to pay based on his own needs.

11)

All items are guaranteed genuine, except where specifically indicated in the description. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC does NOT guarantee that any lots can be successfully encapsulated (coins) or safely operated or used (artifacts). Auctions are NOT approval sales, and therefore returns are NOT accepted UNLESS there is an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion cannot be considered errors. Lots encapsulated by PCGS, NGC or any other third-party company may not be returned for any reason. Disputes as to coin authenticity shall be resolved by submission to PCGS or NGC, and if their determination is inconclusive, then the opinion of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC shall stand. Any disputes, including proposed returns, must be brought to our attention no later than 2 days after receipt of the lot(s) by the buyer and BEFORE return shipment to us, with any applicable refunds to be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s) by us. All returns must be received by us in unaltered condition and in their original, unopened, sealed flips no later than one month after the date of the first auction session (note that late remittance, therefore, can negate return privileges). Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee.

12)

Lots may be inspected at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website and on iCollector 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. All photographs in the catalog and online are of the actual lots being sold but may not be actual size or to scale. Color and brightness of online photos may vary according to your monitor and video-card specifications.

13)

For any won lots that are sent to a Florida address, Florida sales tax (6% to 7.5%, depending on your county) will be added to all purchases of items that are NOT coins or bullion. Coins and bullion are also taxed if the total coin and/or bullion purchase is less than $500.

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All bidders and consignors acknowledge and agree that the Auctioneer (Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC) does NOT guarantee that auctions will be unimpaired, uninterrupted or error-free and accordingly shall not be liable for such eventualities. Any errors in the printed catalog will be rectified on the website and iCollector as they come to our attention, and those corrected listings shall be deemed the binding descriptions at the time of the auction. The Auctioneer in its sole and absolute discretion may accept or decline any bid, remove bids and reopen bidding, withdraw lots, or change lot sequence or bidding increments at any time, even after the winning bid and winning bidder have been announced. Any bidding disputes shall be adjudicated by the Auctioneer, whose decision shall be deemed binding and final.

15)

This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592. Any legal disputes regarding this auction shall be resolved through the courts of Orange County in the State of Florida.

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ORDER OF SALE Section

Lots

Pages

Shipwreck histories .......................................................................................................... 8-16 SESSION I: Tuesday, October 25, 2011, noon EDT Gold cobs by mint .................................................................................... 1-111 ............... 17-44 Featuring The Santa Fe Collection of Dated Bogotá 2 Escudos Cobs World gold coins by country .................................................................... 112-241 ...........45-64 Shipwreck ingots and bullion .................................................................. 242-259 .......... 65-75 SESSION II: Tuesday, October 25, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Shipwreck silver coins (chronologically by wreck) ................................. 260-531 .......... 77-129 Silver cobs of Mexico City, Mexico ......................................................... 532-627 .......... 130-148 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ......................................................................... 628-674 .......... 149-154 SESSION III: Wednesday, October 26, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Silver cobs of Potosí, Bolivia ................................................................... 675-930 .......... 155-194 Other silver cobs by country .................................................................... 931-955 .......... 195-199 SESSION IV: Wednesday, October 26, 2011, 3:00 pm. EDT Ancient coins ............................................................................................ 956-991 .......... 201-206 World silver coins by country ................................................................... 992-1263 ........207-251 Medals & tokens ...................................................................................... 1264-1286 .......252-257 Documents ............................................................................................... 1287-1297 .......257-259 Shipwreck artifacts ................................................................................... 1298-1345 .......260-271 Non-wreck artifacts: Arms/armor/militaria ...................................................... 1346-1369 .......272-279 Natural history .................................................................. 1370-1378 .......280-281 Miscellaneous ................................................................... 1379-1409 .......282-286

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A note about the order: As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (nine previous editions). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. R = Restrepo’s Monedas de Colombia, 1619-2006, second edition (2006). S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, fourth edition (2007). Sp = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, forty-first edition (2006). A list of other, more specialized references used in our catalogs is provided upon request.

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that. (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade. Mint State refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

BOOK GRADING and TERMS We use several standard terms in our book descriptions, as follows: HB or HC = Hardbound (hard cover) SC = Soft cover DJ = Dust jacket ed = Edition (or editor) pp = Pages ex-lib = Ex-library (with stampings and/or card-holders pasted in) Our book grading is very similar to the coin grades above, with top condition indicated as Mint or Near Mint, then Very Fine (VF) for not new but unread (or very slightly read) condition, then Fine (F) for slightly used, Very Good (VG) for moderately used, and Good (G) for well-used condition (with Fair and Poor below that). Any significant damage is separately noted, as opposed to including it in the grade.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts, documents, artwork and media. Photos of coins in the most recent NGC capsules have four white intrusions into the rims of the coins due to a special design meant to enable viewing of the edges of those coins.

We encourage bidders to examine lots in person at our premises in Winter Park, Florida (by appointment only). 6


TREASURE AND WORLD COIN AUCTION #10 Live on the Internet, Tuesday and Wednesday, October 25-26, 2011 The name of the game these days is gold. This auction is no exception, with more than 240 gold coins from around the world for sale, of which over 100 lots are gold cobs—many more than we have had in any previous auction—including The Santa Fe Collection of dated Bogotá cob 2 escudos, a landmark reference collection of over 50 different dates, showing changes of styles and assayers over the 130 years of their production. This educational collection, which contains several “first and finest knowns,” was carefully formed within the past decade with emphasis on clearly visible dates to eliminate confusion in this series from misreading of partial dates. Like the Dr. Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombia Republic Gold Coins offered in our 9th auction, the Santa Fe Collection should appeal to collectors of all “Gran Colombia,” including Venezuela and Ecuador. The single most important gold piece in this sale, however, is a Brazilian gold monetized ingot of 1832, cast at the Serro Frio foundry under Emperor Pedro II, a very late and exceptionally rare example with its original foundry certificate (known as a guia), something that less than 10% of the known ingots still have today. Every time one of these Brazilian ingots comes up for sale it is a major numismatic event, and ours has reason to be even more so. The show of gold does not end there: In the Shipwreck Ingots section we feature (for the first time in our auctions) a gold bar from the “Tumbaga” wreck of circa 1528, one of only a handful known, cast from the first spoils of New World conquest. In the Shipwreck Artifacts section are several other important gold items, namely a high-grade emerald cross from the 1715 Fleet, a filigree devotional scapular from a circa-1800 wreck, and—best of all—the ornate gold ring embedded in debris from the 1733 Fleet that was featured on the cover of Marty Meylach’s Flash of Gold book. All of these are unique and spectacular items, no matter what the spot price of gold happens to be! Silver is hot now too, and if you are a speculator, there is no better way to buy treasure silver in bulk than in the form of large Atocha silver ingots, of which we have three in this sale. There are also several “tumbaga” silver ingots, neatly cast Dutch ingots, and a handful of others—all from shipwrecks! This auction marks our second significant offering of coins from the São José wreck of 1622, the first selection of the best specimens found, all numismatically important (dates and rarities), as a sort of “research collection.” They also come with original certificates and display boxes and are officially encapsulated by NGC. The Shipwreck Silver Coins section of this auction also features countermarked Potosí 8 reales and 4 reales from the Capitana (1654) and Maravillas (1656) wrecks, a selection of rarities that almost rivals the Louis Hudson collection in our 6th auction two years ago. These countermarks are virtually unknown outside of the limited quantities from these two ships. The various non-wreck cobs sections that follow have more silver cob 8 reales than we have ever offered in any previous auction, including several date-runs and BIG wholesale groups of chopmarked Mexican 8 reales and Panama-hoard (ca. 1629) Potosí 8 reales. Collectors of 4 reales will note a significant date-run collection of Lima and Potosí cob 4 reales, by far the hardest denomination to collect by date. But the truly special items here are Hearts, Royals and the first machine-made trialstrike 2 reales known from Guatemala. We round out the numismatic part of the sale with Ancient Coins and World Silver Coins, including Chinese ingots, some very rare early Colombian issues, important French coins, and MINT STATE Mexican pillar dollars. Following that are Medals & Tokens and Documents, including banknotes. The Non-Wreck Artifacts section this time contains a special offering of cannons, including several of the largest we have ever offered. Big cannons do not come up for sale often, and they are always impressive! Following the cannons is a healthy selection of firearms and swords. It is a jam-packed array of treasure, as usual—good luck and happy hunting! Daniel Sedwick

Agustín (Augi) García-Barneche

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Cori Sedwick Downing


SHIPWRECK (AND HOARD) HISTORIES Throughout this catalog we offer coins, ingots and artifacts from many dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—“treasure” in the truest sense. So as not to break up the flow of the catalog in the listings, we offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories here either because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general.

“Hoi An hoard,” sunk in the late 1400s off Vietnam

Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican CarlosJuana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars (see above), although the later gold ingots were been cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we use today. The gold ingots also show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

In the early 1990s fishermen off the Hoi An coast of Vietnam began to haul in Chinese porcelains that were eventually discovered to have come from the remains of a 15th-century trading vessel. In 1997 a joint venture between the Malaysian salvage company Saga and the government-sanctioned Vietnam Salvage Company (VISAL) officially surveyed and then excavated the wreck and retrieved tens of thousands of porcelains. After division with the government and various museums, the various pieces comprising the so-called “Hoi An hoard” were then sold at auction in Los Angeles by Butterfields in 2000 for a total of $2.8 million.

“Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island Before there were coins and Spanish Treasure Fleets, Hernán Cortés and his men acquired treasure in the form of Native-American gold and silver artifacts that were melted down in Mexico for easier transportation. The variable-fineness ingots thus created were known to archeologists but were not thought to exist until the discovery of a wreck full of them off Grand Bahama Island in 1992. After the salvage of what ultimately was determined to be a ca.-1528 wreck, the ingots came to be known as “tumbaga” bars and were subsequently distributed to the collecting community by Frank and Daniel Sedwick. Like most official Spanish colonial bullion, each bar was marked with the fineness (the gold in parts per 24, the silver in parts per 2400) and assayer, and especially with tax stamps to show that the king got his cut. On these particular bars the tax stamps show a legend that reads CAROLVS QVINTVS IMPERATOR for Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (who was also Charles I of Spain, son of Queen Joanna). The “Tumbaga” Saga: Treasure of the Conquistadors, by Agustín García-Barneche (2010), gives the story behind these bars, particularly their history and manufacture, with complete data and analysis and photos of many of the ingots. Each bar is also described in detail in Tumbaga Silver for Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, by Douglas Armstrong (1993), a professional conservator hired by the salvage company to clean and preserve all the silver “tumbaga” bars.

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wreck-site was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Carlos-Juana (up to and including assayer S), some of which still washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

Unidentified (presumably Spanish) wreck sunk ca. 1590 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico

This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican Carlos-Juana silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World (the best of which achieved a record in 2006 for the highest amount ever paid at auction for a Spanish colonial coin: $373,750!). To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern

Salvaged surreptitiously by Florida divers, this wreck yielded Philip II cobs of Mexico, Lima and Potosi, some in remarkably good condition. Many of this wreck’s coins are recognizable by their jagged, truncated edges (from corrosion) with pristine interior details. Without consideration of that characteristic pattern of corrosion, the coins from this wreck can pass for Atocha (1622) coins, which is how many of them were successfully sold with fraudulent Atocha certificates in the 1990s.

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the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to noncollectors than to serious numismatists.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England The name and nationality of the ship are unknown and even the date of sinking is not certain. All we know is that records of its local salvage began in 1618. After rediscovery of the wreck by Ken Simpson and Mike Hall in 1975, eventually some 3,000 coins were recovered and sold, all silver cobs, mostly Mexican, but also from Potosí and Spain. Most of the coins are thin from corrosion but with dark toning on fields to enhance details. Because it is rather early, this wreck has yielded several important rarities like the F-oD dual-assayer issue from Mexico.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins. In 2008 divers with the subcontractor company Blue Water Recovery found more gold on the Santa Margarita and also a lead box stuffed full of pearls.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1- and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico, Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times—than their non-salvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, east of Africa The São José was the almiranta of a fleet carrying Francisco da Gama (grandson of the famous Vasco da Gama) from Lisbon, Portugal, to his new post as Viceroy in Goa, India, when the ships were attacked at night on July 22 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet off Mozambique. Suffering from disease, the captain and crew of the São José at first tried to ground her but ended up sinking in deeper water, taking many chests of Spanish silver with her. The English and Dutch made off with some of the cargo and 100 prisoners from the São José, with hundreds more people and the bulk of the treasure lost to the sea. In 2003 the salvage company Arqueonautas located the wreck and eventually recovered just over 20,000 silver cobs (all 8 and 4 reales) from Spain, Mexico, and South America.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to

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Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

“Mesuno hoard,” lost ca. 1636 in the Magdalena River near Bartolomeo de Honda, Colombia The name of this hoard comes from “El Mesuno,” the local name for a bend in the river where, in 1935, many hundreds of Bogotá cob 2 escudos were found in the riverbank. The latest of the coins, most of which did not show their peripheral dates, was 1636. No one knows how or why the hoard was lost; but it is known that Honda was where freshly struck coins from the Bogotá mint were offloaded from mules and put aboard riverboats to take the coins to Cartagena, on the Caribbean coast, where the coins were loaded onto galleons ultimately headed for Spain. Whether due to the sinking of a vessel or not, the “Mesuno Hoard” has been one of the world’s most important sources of gold cobs—basically the only source for Bogotá gold cobs of the early 1630s.

Concepción , sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company Seafinders in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in

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It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company Marex in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck. Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiber-optic cable across the river.

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salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having recovered only about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

1681 Fleet (“Porto Bello wreck”), sunk in 1681 off Porto Bello, Panama The 1681 “Tierra Firme” Fleet, commanded by Juan Antonio Vicentelo de Leca y Herrara, better known as the Marqués de Brenes, left Cádiz, Spain, on January 28, 1681, and reached Cartagena, Colombia, on April 2. From there a small armada of 12 ships was sent out to assess the danger of pirates in the area, as this was the age of Henry Morgan and other privateers on the Spanish Main. Bad weather also intervened, and it was not till November that the 1681Fleet finally left Cartagena bound for Porto Bello, Panama. As the Fleet approached Porto Bello, strong winds and hard rain prevented the pilots from recognizing the land until nighttime, by which time they had passed their destination and found themselves near dangerous reefs off the Islas Naranjos. The Capitana (lead vessel), Santo Cristo de San Agustín y Nuestra Señora del Rosario, immediately anchored and signaled the rest of the fleet to anchor as well. It was too late for the merchant nao Boticaria, which struck a reef there at midnight on November 29, but gently enough that almost everyone on board was saved. Rescue boats soon arrived. As the Boticaria stayed on the reef for three days before sinking, salvagers were able save almost everything. Meanwhile, news came in that another ship in the fleet, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, had wrecked on another reef near even farther along, off a point near a western entrance to the Chagres River known as Punta de Brujas (not to be confused with Brujas on the Pacific coast). Unlike the Boticaria, however, the 22-gun Soledad hit the reef with such force that 50 people died, including its owner, Captain Antonio de Lima. The rest of the 1681 Fleet finally reached Porto Bello on December 3, still under adverse weather conditions. More casualties arose when the ship Chaperon found herself stranded at the mouth of the Chagres River and in danger of sinking due to lack of anchoring equipment and personnel. In the process of delivering assistance, a small ship known as a tartana was lost, and by the time the other rescue ships made it the Chaperon they found that its crew had all escaped and only three boatloads of goods could be saved before the ship sank. Curiously, pirate ships under Henry Morgan, including his flagship Satisfaction, were lost in 1671 as the tartana. After taking care of business in Porto Bello, the ill-fated fleet returned to Cartagena on March 27, 1682, and on May 8 set sail for Havana, Cuba. That night yet another merchant ship, the Santa Teresa, captained by Don Manuel de Galarza, was lost, and several other vessels had to return to Cartagena. Then, while en route to Havana, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y San Ignacio de Loyola hit a reef just past Cape San Antonio, Cuba, and was set afire after its cargo was salvaged. Reaching Havana on June 1, the ragtag 1681 Fleet finally made it back to Spain on September 2. The various lost ships of the 1681 Fleet have been salvaged off and on in modern times. While it would seem that the location of each wreck would indicate its identity, the fact is that most sources have not been well documented, and the wrecks of pirate ships with loot from the same fleet are possible as well.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland During the War of Spanish Succession it was deemed safer to take the northern route around Scotland than to skirt French coasts in the English Channel, but in so doing the Dutch East Indiaman DeLiefde wrecked on a reef in the Out Skerries due to faulty navigation under overcast skies, leaving only one survivor to tell the tale. Prompt salvage attempts by the VOC to recover the cargo of silver and gold coins turned up nothing—looting by locals was greatly suspected. Modern expeditions in the 1960s, however, located the ship and yielded upwards of 4000 coins (mostly silver “rider” ducatoons and gold ducats) in 1966-1968, many of which were sold at auction by Glendining (London) in 1969.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a

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1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

Whydah, sunk off Cape Cod, Massachusetts

The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715 Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent. Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time. Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still sub-leases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003). Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

Flagship of the notorious pirate Sam Bellamy, the Whydah sank in a storm on April 26 with the loss of all hands (including Bellamy himself) except for two. Found in 1984 and subsequently salvaged by Barry Clifford, the Whydah is widely recognized as the first identifiable pirate ship ever to be salvaged. There is now a museum dedicated to the ship on Cape Cod that houses all the salvaged finds from the Whydah, but before that opened, various cobs (silver and gold) and other coins from the Whydah would enter the market via local dealers, who presumably got them from lucky beachcombers and from the families of people who obtained the coins long ago. Today it is nearly impossible to acquire a coin from the Whydah.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands This East Indiaman, whose Dutch name means “Castle of Hooge” (a place in modern-day Belgium), was outbound to Batavia (Jakarta) with a load of three tons of silver ingots (15 chests) plus four chests of silver coins, three of which contained nothing but Mexican cobs. Blown off course by a storm, the Slot ter Hooge wrecked on November 19 off Porto Santo Island in the Madeira Islands (northwest of Africa), to the demise of some 221 people on board (only 33 survived). More than half the treasure was salvaged over the next ten years by the famous English inventor John Lethbridge, but the rest was forgotten until our time. In 1974 the wreck was rediscovered by the well-known salvager Robert Sténuit, who recovered many silver ingots and coins, mostly Dutch ducatoons but also some Mexican 8-reales cobs.

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada This French man-of-war was attempting to reach Louisburg harbor with a consignment of troops and coins for the French colony when a storm sent her onto the rocks of Cape Breton instead, killing all on board. The main wrecksite was never found until 1961, when Alex Storm spotted cannons on the seabed and led a successful salvage expedition on the site in 1965, yielding many French silver ecus and gold Louis d’ors. The Chameau has been salvaged more recently as well.

Sea Horse, sunk in 1728 in the River Plate off Uruguay The Sea Horse was an English slave ship, plying her trade of human cargo from Madagascar to Buenos Aires, when she sank in a surprise gust of wind in the River Plate on September 29, 1728. She had just unloaded 138 slaves and had crossed to the Uruguayan side of the river at the colony of Sacramento before departure when the disaster struck, sending a large shipment of precious metal to the riverbed off the island of Gorriti near Maldonado. Much of the treasure was soon recovered, but part of it has been located in modern times as well.

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of

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Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper. The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual free-forall, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”-type coins of 1733.

Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a most unusual feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739 (by the calendar in use by the British at the time), with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace. By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders (dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchor-line snapped and the ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage on the wreck by the salvage company Sealit yielded thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but there were also a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

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Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

HMS Royal George, sunk in 1782 off Spithead, England Flagship of the British Royal Navy, the Royal George was the largest ship in the world when she was first launched in 1756. Among other distinctions, this ship took part in the American Revolutionary War. In 1782, while anchored at Spithead and heeled over slightly for repairs before sailing again, the Royal George suddenly flooded and sank in 65 feet of water, drowning hundreds of people on board, a national disaster of epic proportion. Salvage began right away, but only fifteen cannons were saved. Twenty-eight more cannons were hauled up in 1834. A more extensive salvage operation in 1839-1843 brought up the rest of the guns and even recovered most of the ship’s timbers. The bronze guns and timbers were then used to make small “relics” (replica cannons and small books with wooden covers, among other items), which are valuable souvenirs today.

Actually a Portuguese vessel leased by the Spanish, the Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Nicobar, sunk in 1783 off False Bay, South Africa One of very few famous shipwrecks of the Danish East India Company, the Nicobar was outbound to India with a load of copper plates from Sweden that were actually a form of coins, inasmuch as each one bore a date, denomination and mintmark, along with the monogram of the king or queen. Demonetized in 1771, the copper “plate money” became more like ingots, with trade value at the current rate for pure copper. But the Nicobar never reached its destination: After stopping at False Bay to replenish supplies and offload sick crew, the ship left again on July 10, 1783, and ran aground in a storm that night. The wreck was rediscovered in 1987 by local fishermen, who salvaged some 3,000 copper plates, the bulk of which were sold by Ponterio & Associates in California.

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, sunk in 1753 off Montevideo, Uruguay The Rosario was reportedly carrying over 800,000 pesos of treasure on her way to Buenos Aires when she sank close to shore at the mouth of the Río de la Plata on June 30, 1753. All hands were saved, but the fate of the cargo is unknown. Recent finds of utilitarian items like spoons and buckles have trickled onto the market, but no high-value treasure so far.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique The Bredenhof was a Dutch East Indiaman headed to India with 14 barrels of copper “duits” (penny-like coins), 29 chests of silver bars, and one chest of gold ducats. On June 6, 1753, about 13 miles from the eastern coast of Africa and 120 miles south of the Portuguese settlement of Mozambique, the Bredenhof found herself in difficult currents and struck a reef. Amazingly, among the first items jettisoned to try to raise the ship off the reef were some of the chests of silver bars! The gold was taken by the ship’s officers, some of whom survived the trip to Mozambique, but the silver bars and copper coins were lost until modern times, despite salvage attempts in the 1750s. In 1986 divers with the salvage company Sealit found the wreck and recovered hundreds of silver ingots and hundreds of thousands of copper coins, all sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam that same year.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

Halsewell, sunk in 1786 near St. Albans Head, Dorset, England

After the end of the Seven Years’ War between England and France in 1759, French officers and aristocrats in Canada were sent from Quebec back to France in ships such as the Auguste. In stormy conditions and damaged by fire, the Auguste struck a sand bar on November 15 and subsequently sank in Aspy Bay off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Only seven of the 121 on board survived, and the wealth of the passengers was lost until our time. To date, well over a thousand coins of various nationalities have been found, along with many important artifacts.

A British East Indiaman outbound to India, the Halsewell hit bad weather in the English Channel and was blown onto the cliffs on the Dorset coast. She was battered to pieces as minority survivors scrambled into caves and up the cliffs. Local dive teams have salvaged coins and small artifacts from the Halsewell in recent years, but not in any significant quantities.

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Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England

One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone. In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

Along with her sister-ship Britannia, the English East Indiaman Admiral Gardner was outbound with an immense cargo (48 tons!) of copper coins for circulation in India when both ships sank in a storm on the Goodwin Sands on January 24, 1809. Ten lives were lost, as was all the cargo. The coins were recovered in modern times, literally a million of them packed in wax inside wooden barrels.

Fame, sunk in 1822 off South Africa An English wooden merchant vessel en route to England from Madras, India, the Fame succumbed to a heavy swell and found herself driven onto the rocks at Sea Point, near Table Bay, off South Africa, in June of 1822. All but four lives were saved as the ship broke in two and sank. The wreck was rediscovered in 1965 and yielded a wide variety (but not a big quantity) of coinage, not a cargo but most likely from among the personal belongings of the passengers and crew.

General Abbatucci , sunk in 1869 off Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea

HMS Colossus , sunk in 1798 off the Isles of Scilly, southwest of England

Traveling from Marseilles, France, to Civitavecchia, Italy, with high dignitaries and papal guards, the General Abbatucci was laden with specie and lavish birthday gifts for Pope Pius IX when she collided with the Norwegian barquentine Edward Hwidt and sank within two hours off the island of Corsica, southeast of France. There were only 54 survivors. In 1996 the wrecksite was located and worked remotely by Blue Water Recoveries at a depth of about 8,000 feet. Even though the main cargo of the ship was not found, the salvage did yield jewelry and coins in addition to some small artifacts, all sold at auction by Christie’s (London) in 1997.

The Colossus is not famous for coins but for Greek vases! On board the Colossus, which was one of Lord Nelson’s warships returning from a Mediterranean campaign, was a significant collection of ancient Greek vases owned by Lord Hamilton, whose wife (Nelson’s mistress) had used them as props in her mini-dramas known as “Attitudes.” The ship had made it back from the Mediterranean and was anchored at St. Marys in the Scilly Isles when a strong gale caused her anchor cable to break and she wrecked with the loss of one life on December 10, 1798. The wreck was rediscovered by Roland Morris in the late 1960s and many of the broken vases were reassembled for the British Museum, with many other artifacts displayed in Morris’ own museum until its liquidation in 2002. Another salvager found a new portion of the wreck in 1999, and since 2001 the wreck has been under the protection of the government.

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remoteoperated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador This wreck, salvaged periodically in the late twentieth century, typically yielded portrait (bust) 8 reales from Lima, Peru, but more recent work in 2001 brought up a handful of small silver cobs of the mid- to late 1700s mostly from the Potosí mint. These were probably from a small, private purse and not part of the more than 2 million pesos of registered silver and gold cargo aboard the Leocadia when she departed Paita, Peru, bound for Panama in a convoy of merchant vessels. On November 16, 1800, the Leocadia struck a shoal and broke apart 100 yards from the beach at Punta Santa Elena, with a loss of over 140 lives in the disaster. Within the next year the Spanish salvaged about 90 percent of the registered treasure, leaving more than 200,000 pesos (not to mention the expected contraband) behind to tempt divers in our time. Judging from the paucity of coins from this ship on the open market, we may assume that many more are still to be found.

Egypt, sunk in 1922 off Ushant, France In May of 1922, the Egypt encountered thick fog off the northwest coast of France and was accidentally rammed by another ship, the French cargo steamer Seine, sinking the British ship within twenty minutes. The Egypt was carrying some 15 tons of silver and gold bullion in addition to British gold sovereigns totaling £1,054,000 (1922 values). Nothing was salvaged until the early 1930s, when an Italian company recovered an estimated 95% of the treasure from the ship’s depth of 420 feet, an amazing success for its time.

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Session I: October 25, 2011, noon EDT Gold Cobs Mexico City, Mexico

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1711J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.1; CT-103. 26.8 grams. Full and bold date (very uncommon for this date), good full cross, full but slightly doubled shield and oXMJ, AU with typically sloping edges. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-108. 26.9 grams. Typically crisp details, full shield and crown and date and oMJ, great full cross, all well centered, slightly grainy UNC with minor modern marks around edge. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

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3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1715J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-109. 27.0 grams. Choice full date and oMJ, full but off-center shield with full but flat crown above, well-centered but partially flat cross, AU for actual wear. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, (171)5J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-109. 27.0 grams. Choice full shield with bold denomination VIII, most of crown, faint but full oMJ, slightly off-center cross (partially weak), technically Mint State but typically unevenly struck. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, 1715J, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 62. S-M30; KM-55.2; CT-235. Bold full oMJ and choice full shield, bottom half of date, nice full cross (slightly off-center), lustrous fields. From the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

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Cuzco, Peru 6. Cuzco, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1698M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-CZ1; KM-28; CT-122. 6.7 grams. Small, crude planchet (“Bogotá style”), partially flat and double struck but with clear assayer and most of cross, XF. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Lima, Peru

7. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1699R, rare, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L26; KM-26.2; CT-10. 27.0 grams. Broad, round flan with nice centers (full pillars and cross, full crown, no doubling) but typically flat around edge, AU with hint of toning, one of the better examples known for this rare date. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

8. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1711M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-22. 26.9 grams. Good full cross and pillars despite slight doubling, some bold legend, XF with hint of luster and toning, popular date (“7-11”). From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

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9. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1713/2M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-unl (38.2); CT-24. 27.0 grams. Lightly red-toned XF+ with excellent details on both sides (choice full cross and pillars), much legend, clear overdate. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

10. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1713/2M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-unl (38.2); CT-24. 26.9 grams. Full pillars and crown with very bold second date in legend, choice full cross, AXF with minor marks all over (formerly mounted). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000$9,000.

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11. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1714/3M, very rare, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-unl (38.2); CT-unl. 26.9 grams. Full and bold pillars and cross, lightly toned and matte in texture but no worse than XF+ for actual wear, clear date (and part of another in the legend) that is very rare and one of very few known from the 1715 Fleet. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $8,000$12,000.

12. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1718M. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-30. 26.8 grams. Bold full pillars with full main date and partial second date in legend, good full cross, lightly polished VF. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

13. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1732N. S-L29; KM-38.2; CT-47. 26.9 grams. Choice full cross and tops of full pillars, slightly doubled legends with clear second date, XF with deep toning on fields. With The Gold Mine photo-certificate from 1996. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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14. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1736N. S-L29; KM-38.2; CT-52. 27.1 grams. Good full cross and pillars, clear date, nice XF with hint of toning and luster. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

15. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1750R, from the Luz (1752). S-L31; KM-47; CT-17. 27.0 grams. Lustrous Mint State with excellent full cross showing date below, mintmark to left and assayer to right, full but off-center pillars resulting in bold ANNO to end the legend. From the Luz (1752), with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

16. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1750R, choice specimen from the Luz (1752). S-L31; KM-A47; CT-91. 13.6 grams. Choice full pillars, full but oversized cross, Mint State with contrasting sediment in crevices, perfectly round flan, probably the best specimen we have ever handled. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

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18. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1736N. S-L29; KM-35; CT-468.

17. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1698H, rare, from the 1715

3.4 grams. Broad flan with choice full cross and castle, bold L and N,

Fleet. S-L25; KM-27; CT-177. 3.3 grams. Choice full cross and castle,

interesting X ornaments, holed on date at edge but otherwise UNC, with nicely contrasting reddish sediment on fields. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

bold full .L. and .H., top of date clear, AU with gray sediment on fields. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Cartagena, Colombia 19. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, assayer E to right, style of 1632-33. SC7; KM-4.6; R-M52. 4.3 grams. Good full shield with bold denomination II to left, assayer E to right, nearly full but off-center cross, XF or better but either struck underweight or clipped in its own time. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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Bogotá, Colombia Featuring the Santa Fe Collection of dated Bogotá 2 escudos cobs

20. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)28A, from the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), very rare, plate coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B17; KM-unl (4.1); CT-147. 6.7 grams. Tiny cross with full tressure (offcenter), outside of which is a bold full 28 of the date, good full shield with full NRA to left above king’s ordinal IIII in legend, XF+, deeply redtoned per the origin. From the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

21. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)32A, very rare, ex-Caballero collection. S-B20; KM-unl (4.1); CT-152. 6.7 grams. Bold full shield and cross, the former with bold NRA to left inside border of tiny dots, the latter with full tressure and full 32 of date, XF+ with sediment in crevices, curious shape. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Caballero collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

22. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1633A, rare, from the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636), encapsulated PCGS AU58. SB20; KM-4.1; CT-153. 6.7 grams. Huge flan with full date and legend around tiny cross (double-struck), full and bold shield with NRA to left

and denomination II to right, clear (PHI)LIPPVS II(II) in legend, slightly lustrous. From the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

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23. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1635A, from the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636). S-B20; KM4.1; CT-157. 6.5 grams. Exceptionally bold full date, cross-

and-tressure and shield, full crown and NRA, AU with characteristic red toning. From the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

24. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)638A, rare, ex-Lasser collection. S-B20; KM-4.1; CT-159. 6.7 grams. Bottom bits of 638 of date (confirmed by style), nearly full shield and cross, clear NR and bold A to left, VF with minor flat streaks. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

25. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1640/39A, bold date, rare. S-B20; KM-unl (4.1); CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Exceptionally bold 40/39 of date, full cross and shield on a large flan with most of king’s name in legend, AXF with hint of reddish toning. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

26. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)42A, very rare. S-B20; KM-unl (4.1); CT-unl. 6.6 grams. Full and bold shield and cross, clear 42 of date, full NRA to left, VF with black sediment in crevices. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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27. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1645(R), very rare. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-unl. 6.6 grams. Great full shield and cross, bold mintmark NR to left, bottoms of all 4 digits of date clear, XF with dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

28. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)646R, very rare. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-168. 6.7 grams. Very bold full 646 of date outside of off-center cross, bold shield with II-R to left and NR to right, lustrous XF+ with sediment in crevices. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and accompanied by a New World Treasures photo-certificate (“Canary Islands Shipwreck”). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

29. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1650/49R, rare. S-B21; KM-unl (4.1); CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Full 50 of date with messy but certain overdate, nice but incomplete cross, off-center shield with II-R to right and most of king’s name in legend, lustrous AU-. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

30. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)653R, ex-Caballero collection. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-175. 6.6 grams. Bold full cross, bottoms of digits of date (showing

a clear difference between the 5 and the 3), good full shield with bold II-R to right next to king’s name, right edge of assayer R to left, nicely toned VF+. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Caballero collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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31. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1654(R), from the Maravillas (1656), ex-Caballero collection. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-176. 6.8 grams. Small flan with bold but off-center cross, full 54 of date, full but off-center shield with NR to right (slightly doubled), Mint State. From the Maravillas (1656), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Caballero collection. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

32. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1655(R), rare, plate coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Very bold full date, choice full shield and cross (the latter off-center), XF+. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

33. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R to right, from the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659). S-B21; KM-4.1. 6.7 grams. Full and well-detailed crown and shield and cross,

clear II-R to right, darkly stained AU, very rare provenance. From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcangel, 1659), with original certificate from the salvagers signed by Eduardo Dargent-Chamot. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

34. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1660R, rare, ex-Lasser collection. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-180. 6.6 grams. Full but partially flat cross-and-tressure with perfect full date among the ample legend, choice full crown above full shield with NR to left and II-R to right, technically AU despite the uneven strike. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

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35. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1661R, rare, unspecified salvage. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Choice Mint State with contrasting sediment, bold date, superb full cross and shield and crown. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

36. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1662/1R, rare, plate coin in Restrepo-Lasser. S-B21; KM-unl (4.1); CTunl. 6.6 grams. Incredibly full date with clear overdate, full cross-

and-tressure and shield, NR to left and II-R to right, AXF with contrasting toning. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

37. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1667R, rare first date for Charles II. S-B21a; KM-14.1; CT-142. 6.8 grams. Bold date outside nice cross, well-detailed full shield with NR to left, II-R to right, and clear C of king’s name at beginning of legend, nicely toned AU. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

38. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1669R. S-B21a; KM-14.1; CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Bold 166 and point of 9 of date (good comparison with the 1667 date of the previous lot), full but off-center cross, choice full shield (well detailed) with NR to left and R to right inside king’s name, deeply toned XF with part of edge slightly wrinkled. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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39. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1671(R), very rare, ex-Caballero collection. S-B21a; KM-14.1; CT-143. 6.7 grams. Bold 167 of date with full but weaker final 1, choice

full cross, off-center shield with bold NR to left, clear king’s ordinal II, lightly toned XF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Caballero collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

40. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1683(G), rare. S-B22a; KM-14.1; CT-148. 6.6 grams. Bold date (full 3), good full cross, full shield and crown, NR to left, noticeably cruder than the previous assayer, bold XF overall. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

41. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1687G, rare, from the 1715 Fleet, plate coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B23; KM-14.1; CT-150. 6.8 grams. Choice high Mint State on an exceptionally large flan, allowing for a full date and king’s ordinal in addition to all central detail (choice full cross and shield, NR to left and II-G to right), gray sediment in crevices. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #11 (spring, 2011).

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42. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)689(G), ex-Lasser collection, encapsulated NGC VF 35. S-B23; KM-14.1; CT-152. 6.7 grams. Clear bottom half of date (the 9 with long, curved tail) outside of perfectly centered full cross-and-tressure, full shield with NR to left and bold II-G to right, nicely toned and actually more like XF but with grainy and slightly pitted shield. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection (stated in slab). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

43. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1694/3, unique. S-B24; KM-unl (14.2); CT-unl. 6.7 grams. One hundred percent full date with clear overdate (first we have seen), nearly full shield and most of cross, worn (AVF) and flat around periphery, but nicely toned. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

44. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1699, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-161. 6.7 grams. Broad flan with clear bottom half of date, nice full crossand-tressure, most of shield with upper half transposed, Mint State but with most of edge flat. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #44238, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

45. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II, assayer not visible. 6.6 grams. Very small, thick flan with nearly full cross, off-center shield, NR to left, crude Fine. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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46. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1701, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. SB24; KM-14.2; CT-4 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Bold full date, full but crudely doubled cross-and-tressure and shield, bold C of king’s name, lightly polished XF+. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

47. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1702 (digits of date upside-down), CAROLVS on obverse and PHILIPPVS on reverse, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-unl (14.2); CT-5 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.8 grams. Very rare and interesting error with two king’s names (both clear) and upside-down date (technically each digit is rotated 180 degrees), good full cross and shield, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

48. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1704, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-7 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Curiously oblong flan with clear

legend to left of full cross showing 5-dot ornament between D and G followed by full date, full but off-center shield with bold CARO(LVS), lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #NCB3400MO, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

49. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)705, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-8 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Clear date (full 05), good full cross,

most of shield, Mint State but with crude and mostly flat periphery. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #NCB702DMO, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

31


50. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)706, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-9 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Bold date, nice full cross, well-detailed but oversized shield, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

51. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1708, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-11 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Superb high grade (high Mint State) with

the boldest and fullest date imaginable, full shield and most of cross, quite lustrous and impressive. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

52. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1709, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-12 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.5 grams. Bold full shield and cross enhanced by deep

toning, clear date, bold king’s ordinal II, XF. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

53. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 170(?), posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.7 grams. Very bold full 170 of date, full crown above

most of shield, full but partially flat cross with prominent tressure, richly toned VF. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

32


54. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1710, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-13 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Bold full date, full but

crudely doubled cross and shield, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

55. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)711, rare. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-14 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Clear 11 of date (which seems to be a bit

rarer than the other Fleet dates), full but doubled shield and cross, VF with deep toning on fields. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

56. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1714, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-17.1; CT-17 (under Charles III of Austria). 6.7 grams. Full and clear date, good

full shield but cross slightly doubled, lightly toned AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with Real Eight Co. (Ullian) photocertificate, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

57. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, no assayer, from the Feversham (1711). 6.8 grams. Small, thick flan with good full shield and choice full cross enhanced by toning, Mint State, rare provenance. From the Feversham (1711), with Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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58. Pair of earrings made from two Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. 29.8 grams total. Nearly full shields and crosses, XF with flat spots, hefty mountings that make an impressive set. With original Fisher photocertificates #10442 and NCB3127MO. Estimate: $4,000$6,000.

59. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. 6.7 grams. Choice full cross with sediment in crevices, nearly full (oversized) shield, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

60. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. 6.8 grams. Full cross, full but doubled shield, Mint State. From

the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

61. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1720, exLasser collection and plate coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B24a; KM-17.2; CT-378. 6.8 grams. One hundred percent full date in tiny digits outside

full but slightly doubled cross-and-tressure, good full shield with bold king’s ordinal V in legend, XF with hint of luster. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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62. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1724S, Louis I, very rare. S-B25a; KM-A25; CT-8. 6.7 grams. Choice round flan with full cross-and-tressure, clear bottom tips of date, choice full shield with bold S to left and king’s ordinal I in legend, nicely toned XF, one of very few Louis I coins struck in the New World in the actual year of his reign. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

63. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)27/6S, unique. S-B25b; KM-unl (17.2); CT-unl. 6.8 grams. Exceptionally bold full shield and cross-and-tressure with very bold full 27/6 of date (only specimen we know of), F to left and S to right, deeply toned AXF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

64. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)728S, date engraved without first digit (rare), ex-Lasser collection. S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-383. 6.7 grams. Clear (RE)X728 in legend outside full cross-and-tressure, good full shield with bold S to right, nice VF+. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

65. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (172)8S. SB25b; KM-17.2; CT-383. 6.6 grams. Clear bottom of 8 of date

at very top of cross, attractively round flan with good full cross and shield, F to left and S to right, slightly lustrous XF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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66. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)29S, plate coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-384. 6.6 grams. Very clear 29 of date (rare thus), choice full cross and shield enhanced by deep toning, bold F to left, weak but certain S to right, VF+. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

67. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer S to right (1720s), no date in design. S-B25b; KM-unl (17.2); CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Bold mintmark F to left, weak assayer S to right of choice full shield, bold king’s ordinal V, double-struck full cross, reverse legend with no room for date between REX and HISPANIARVM, XF+ with various old marks. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

68. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)730S, date engraved without first digit (rare), from the 1733 Fleet. S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-385. 6.7 grams. Bold full (R)EX.730. without first digit 1, full but partially flat cross and shield, XF, rare provenance. From the 1733 Fleet, with Artifacts Ltd. (Cayman) certificate from 1986, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

69. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)731S, date engraved without first digit (rare). S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-386. 6.7 grams. Large, round flan with bold full date immediately preceded by REX., doubled cross, nice full shield with F to left and S to right, nice XF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

36


70. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)32S. S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-unl. 6.6 grams. Small flan with good full shield and cross, bold F to left and S to right, bottoms of 32 of date clear, polished AVF (formerly mounted). Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

71. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer not visible (S or M, 1720s-30s). KM-17.2. 6.8 grams. Nice full cross and tressure, full shield with F to left,

XF with dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

72. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)32M, rare. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-388. 6.7 grams. Choice full cross-and-tressure

with full 2 and clear 3 of date, great full shield with M to right, only AVF but enhanced by deep toning on fields. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

73. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)733(M). SB26; KM-17.2; CT-389. 6.7 grams. Bold full 733 of date, full but slightly crude cross, nearly full shield, VF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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74. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1734M. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-390. 6.7 grams. Clear bottom two-

thirds of date around full cross-and-tressure, nearly full but slightly off-center shield with bold M to right, nicely toned AXF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

75. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1735M. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-391. 6.8 grams. One hundred percent

full date (rare thus), full but slightly doubled cross-andtressure and shield, F to left and M to right, lustrous AU. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

76. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)36M. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-392. 6.8 grams. Broad round flan with

nearly full legends (actually somewhat Royal-like) including full 36 of date and PHILIPVS V, bold M, full shield and cross, VF with excellent contrast from deeply toned fields. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

77. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1738M, rare, from the Luz (1752). S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-394. 6.7 grams. One hundred percent full date outside of full

cross-and-tressure, full but slightly crude shield with F to left and M to right, lightly stained XF+, rare provenance. From the Luz (1752), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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78. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1740/ 39(M). S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Bold full date (rare thus) that at first appears to be 1749 due to the strength of the overdate, full shield and cross (very slightly doubled) despite the compact flan, F to left, VF with contrastingly dark sediment. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

79. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1740/39M. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Full date, a bit weak in

the middle but with bold 0/9 at end (same strong overdate as previous lot but different die), good but double-struck full cross, choice full shield with bold F to left, nicely toned AXF. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

80. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)41(M), retrograde 4, ex-Caballero collection. S-B26; KM17.2; CT-397. 6.6 grams. Full 41 of date with retrograde 4,

cute little cross (full), full but off-center shield, VF with deep toning on fields. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Caballero collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

81. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1743S, previously unknown assayer for date, ex-Lasser collection. S-unl (B27); KM-unl (17.2); CT-unl. 6.7 grams. Bold full date (rare thus) outside of even bolder full cross, full shield with clear F to left and S to right, clearly not assayer M and therefore the first coin to show that assayer S began in 1743 and not 1744 (unrecognized by Lasser), choice XF with luster. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $2,250-$3,500.

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82. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)746(S), Philip V, rare, ex-Lasser collection. S-B27; KM-17.2; CT400. 6.6 grams. Full date with repeated 6 due to doubling, full

cross and shield, bottom of king’s ordinal V (final year), crude edge with traces of mounting, AVF overall. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection and the Lasser collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

83. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer not visible, from the Luz (1752). KM-17.2. 6.7 grams. Full but heavily encrusted shield and cross, probably no

better than XF but possibly with visible date if cleaned, rare provenance. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

84. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)48S, rare, plate coin in Restrepo-Lasser and The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed). S-B27; KM-unl (17.2); CT-402. 6.8 grams. Exceptionally bold and crisply detailed, with full cross

and shield and crown, bold 48 of date and assayer S to right, attractively toned XF. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,250-$3,500.

85. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1751S, rare. SB27a; KM-25; CT-177. 6.7 grams. Bold full date (rare thus), good

full cross, choice full shield (slightly off-center) with bold S to left, perfectly round flan, XF with toned fields. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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86. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)54(S), rare. S-B27a; KM-25; CT-181. 6.7 grams. Bottom half of 54 of date,

good full cross, full but off-center shield with clear pomegranate to left and border of x’s (one-year type). Pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

87. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Ferdinand VI, assayer S. S-B27a; KM-25. 6.7 grams. Small, round flan with full cross-and-tressure and shield, bold S to left and clear F-S to right, XF. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

88. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Ferdinand VI, assayer S. S-B27a; KM-25. 6.8 grams. Bold S to left of nearly full shield (well detailed), nice full cross, typically small, thick flan, toned XF+. With Frank Sedwick tag. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

89. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Ferdinand VI, assayer S to left, distinctive cross. S-B27a; KM-28. 2.2 grams. Nice full cross with arrow-like ornaments in tressure-dimples, full shield with bold assayer S to left, XF with very light sediment on fields, probably lightly clipped long ago. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

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Seville, Spain

90. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R. CTType 15. 26.9 grams. High grade (AU) but very crudely double-struck,

91. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Charles II, assayer S. CTType 14. 27.1 grams. Huge flan with impressively bold mintmark-assayer

with bold assayer R to left of shield, sediment and toning in crevices, probably from a wreck. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

S-S above king’s ordinal II to left of full shield, nearly full cross with much legend, XF for type (crude strike), with natural hairline split in center of shield. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

92. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip III(?), assayer not visible. 13.5 grams. Nice full shield and cross but no peripheral data, XF+. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

93. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1593B. CT-76. 6.7 grams. Choice obverse with full shield, S-II-B to left, 1593 date to right and most of crown, but messy reverse with full but doubled cross, XF overall, sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 94. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (15)95B. CT-79. 6.7 grams. Choice full shield with clear 95 of date to right and S-II-B to left, good full cross-and-tressure, XF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

95. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer B. CT-Type 50. 6.2 grams. Nice full cross and shield with bold S-B to left, part of (O)MNIVM in legend, with deep red toning and dark sediment in crevices, VF, possibly clipped but oddly thin for the period. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 96. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer not visible. CT-Type 50. 6.6 grams. Bold PHILIP(PV)S in legend, nearly full cross and shield, partially red-toned AVF with flat spots. Estimate: $800-$1,000. 97. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer not visible. CT-Type 50. 6.7 grams. Toned XF+ with good cross, most of shield, bold denomination II, but edges mostly flat and with small split. Estimate: $800-$1,000.

98. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer B. CT-Type 50. 6.7 grams. Full shield and cross, S-II-B to left, AVF, with large, natural split from edge to middle. Estimate: $600-$900.

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99. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II or III, assayer B, possibly from the Atocha (1622). 6.6 grams. Full crown and shield with S-B to left and II to right, full but partially flat cross, AVF with spots of reddish sediment, bearing the right “look” for an Atocha coin, and with a Fisher tag, but certificate missing. With original Fisher tag #DDGC1121. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 100. Seville Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1611B. CT-35. 6.7 grams. Full and bold shield with bold S-B to left and II to right, full but slightly doubled cross with clear date above, VF with lots of sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 101. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (16)11B. CT-35. 6.7 grams. Lustrous XF with nice full shield, bold B and king’s ordinal III to left, full but off-center cross, bold 11 of date, crack in edge. Estimate: $900-$1,300.

102. Seville Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer B. 6.7 grams. Bold full S-B and king’s ordinal III to left of off-center shield, good full cross with spot of extra gold (as made) in one quadrant, AXF with much peripheral flatness. Estimate: $800-$1,200. 103. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer B. 6.6 grams. Broad, oblong flan with full and well-detailed crown above full shield, S-B to left and II to right, bold (O)MNIVM in legend, full but partially flat cross with punchmark, lightly toned XF otherwise. Estimate: $750-$1,100. 104. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer V. CT-Type 21. 6.8 grams. Lustrous AU with bold S-V and king’s ordinal III to left of full shield, good full cross, slightly grainy. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

105. Seville Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III or IV, assayer not visible. 6.7 grams. Big flan with sharp points, good full cross and shield, nice XF with flat peripheries. Estimate: $700-$900.

106. Seville Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer D. CT-Type 39. 6.8 grams. Bold full S-D and king’s ordinal (I)III to left of partial shield, good full cross, AXF. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

107. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible, from the Spanish 1681 Fleet. 6.9 grams. Small flan with choice full shield, off-center cross, toned XF, rare provenance. Reported to be from “the ‘Galeta’ shipwreck off the coast of Panama,” probably referring to the 1681 Fleet (unconfirmed), with small certificate. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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108. Lot of 10 Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II-IV, various assayers (where visible). 67.0 grams total. Generally decent specimens, VF on average, some nicely toned, some with assayers and/or other interesting features visible, good for jewelry. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

109. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, * to left, encapsulated NGC AU 55. CT-Type 37. Typically thin, round and well detailed, all inner features crisp and clean but not much legend, lightly toned. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

110. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left. CT-109. 3.4 grams. Superb specimen (best we have seen) with ALL details (including legends) full and well struck, typically thin, round and broad flan, nicely toned, XF or better. Estimate: $1,250$2,000. 111. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, 1623, assayer not visible. CT-Type 46. 3.3 grams. One hundred percent full date (rare in this denomination), small thick flan with full shield, off-center cross, deeply red-toned VF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #11 (spring, 2011). 44


World Gold Coins Argentina

112. Argentina (La Rioja), 8 escudos, 1833P.

KM-21. 26.3 grams. Attractive AU- with minor flaws and hairlines in field, slightly

irregular edge as made. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Australia 113. Sydney, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1868. KM-4. 7.9 grams. Lustrous XF+, lots of bagmarks but no big problems. Estimate: $600-$900.

Austria 114. Austro-Hungarian Empire, ducat, Ferdinand I, 1848-A, with sword countermark (Serbia/Yugoslavia) below bust. KM-2262. 3.5 grams. AXF with lots of minor surface marks, trade coinage countermarked to indicate its acceptance. Estimate: $400-$600.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

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Bolivia (colonial) Busts 115. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1808PJ. CT-115; KM-81. 27.1 grams. Choice XF/AU with surface hairlines on

obverse only, nice strike, muted luster, no problems. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

117. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1785PR, 116. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV, 1795PP.

encapsulated NGC XF 40. CT-528; KM-57. Richly rainbow-toned and problem-free, very attractive and much scarcer than the usual Spanish-mint specimens. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

CT-246; KM-80. 13.4 grams. Broad-flan AXF with minor laminations

near obverse rim, some luster. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Brazil

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118. Brazil, Serro Frio gold ingot #114, Dom Pedro II, 1832, with original guia, unique and extremely important, plated in Prober. KM-Gb6. 39.74 grams. Estimate: $100,000-up.

The pseudo-monetary gold ingots of Brazil, made from 1778 to 1833, are among the rarest items of South American numismatics. They are comparable to the U.S. pioneer gold issues of the California Gold Rush of 1848–1855, as they were made from natural gold that merchants and prospectors brought in to official foundries for testing, smelting, marking and taxation. Typically the ingots were subsequently sent to Europe and melted down, making them quite rare as a group today. Rarer still is each ingot’s original guia (“guide”), the official onepage document produced at the foundry legalizing the ingot as currency and bearing the ingot’s number, owner, purity, weight and date, plus the foundry name and signatures of its officials at the bottom to show that the tax was paid. Essentially a “birth certificate” for each ingot, the guia was a fragile and somewhat unassuming piece of paper that was almost always lost or inadvertently destroyed later, but it bore the utmost importance in establishing legitimacy and value. Probably fewer than 10 surviving ingots still have their guias. Within this rare issue, the present ingot is even rarer as being from the foundry of Serro Frio, a relative latecomer accounting for only about 10% of the existing specimens. Records indicate that about 20 foundries were opened, but only 8 of them are represented among the 218 or so ingots known today. They appear to have been made in smaller numbers in later years because only 8 pieces are known to exist with dates in the 1830s. The extant ingots on record, their foundries and dates of production, are as follows: Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of Foundry of

Sabará: 85 specimens (1778 to 1833) Mato Grosso: 21 specimens (1784 to 1820) Goiás: 30 specimens (1790 to 1823) Villa Rica: 44 specimens (1794 to 1818) Rio das Mortes: 7 specimens (1796 to 1818) Serro Frio: 21 specimens (1809 to 1832) Cuiabá: 9 specimens (1821 to 1822) Ouro Preto (formerly Vila Rica, after 1823): 1 (1828)

A bit over half of these are in private hands; more than one third of the known pieces are permanently housed in big museums like the Museu Historico Nacional (Rio de Janeiro), the Banco Central do Brasil (Brasilia), the Museu de Arte Sacra (São Paolo), the Museu Numismático do Banco do Espírito Santo (Lisbon) and even the American Numismatic Society and Smithsonian Institution in the United States. Significantly, only two of the 36 specimens from the Carlos Marques da Costa collection recently acquired by the Museu Numismático do Banco do Espírito Santo have original guias. (Featured in the Sotheby’s auction of May 30, 1997, these 36 ingots were purchased privately and the auction was cancelled.) Many important numismatic museums and collections around the world have no Brazilian ingots at all. It is also important to note that our specimen, as one of the last ones made, is one of only about a half-dozen surviving specimens issued under Dom Pedro II (1831-1889) “the Magnanimous,” last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, an entirely different government from the

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Portuguese monarchy under which the earlier pieces were made. Curiously, the accompanying guia was pre-printed in 1755 but completed and modified by hand in 1832 to reflect the new regime and rates. It is hard to imagine a numismatic item with more patent history! In fact, this 1832 Serro Frio ingot is the only Dom Pedro II specimen of this foundry ever offered at auction in the United States with its original guia. By comparison, none of the four ingots in the much-heralded Eliasberg collection sold in 2005 were from Serro Frio, none were Pedro II, and none had guias. A relatively common Sabará ingot in Eliasberg sold for $77,625. While the two specimens in the Norweb collection (1997) included a Serro Frio, both ingots were of João VI, and neither had a guia. In addition to collector interest, these rare ingots have drawn the attention, admiration and study of a number of famous numismatic firms and researchers over the past century and a half. The most ardent student of these bars was the numismatic scholar and author Kurt Prober, who once owned this very specimen in the late 1940s (more about that later). Even in their own time these ingots were considered special. The idea behind these ingots was simply to monetize new gold into circulating currency and to make sure taxes were paid in the process. In fact, they were subject to confiscation without notarized guias; their prescribed monetary value in reis was written on the accompanying guias and not stamped on the ingots themselves. The present ingot is basically a flat, irregular, extended rectangle, approx. 69 x 11 x 3mm, with most of its stamped markings on one side, including (from left to right): circular seal bearing the arms of the Empire of Brazil; serial number N 114 above the numbers 1 – 3 – 06 for 1 onça 3 oitavas 6 grão (1 ounce 3 eighths 6 grains); fineness as “23” and “TOQUE” (meaning struck in 23 karat) above the date 1832 in incuse boxes; and an intertwined monogram AAB (for assayer Antonio Avila Bittencourt) within an incuse circle with beaded border. Three ribbed lines in the fields between the stamps are security cancelations to prevent further stamping. The reverse shows the round seal for the Serro Frio foundry, showing the first two letters SE(RRO) at the bottom. While the seals are typically weaker, the middle punches are very sharply struck and even lustrous inside (virtually as made). The guia is fundamentally intact but typically somewhat damaged, once folded and now riddled with small holes in one quadrant that bear witness to its age, but with all important details still readable, including the ingot number N 114, date, fineness, weight and foundry. Like the other known guias, this one shows the quantity of gold brought to the smelting house (“1 Onca e 4 Oitavas” = 1 ounce and 4 eighths) and the percentage taken by the government, known as the vintena (5%) in the amount of 43-1/5 grão (grains). The owner is listed as “Joze Per(a) de Mag (es.) do P(e) Joao Sim (oes) de Sz(a). e Socied(e).” The document was originally issued for the foundry of Villa Rica (within the same province of Minas Gerais) and modified for the new foundry by crossing out “Rica” (in two places) and overwriting with “do Ppe” for Villa do Principe, which was later re-named Serro Frio. The official signatures at the bottom are “Esq. Nepomuceno” and “Dr. Simões.” As previously mentioned, the guia was pre-printed in 1755, but the date on the document was hand-corrected to 1832. One other interesting modification is the change from the printed word “Real” (royal) to “Nacional” (national), reflecting the change to a parliamentary monarchy in 1831. Handwritten on the back, in the upper-right corner, is the circulating value of the ingot as “17$380,” meaning 17,380 reis, a sizable sum in its time. Provenance: The first appearance of this ingot on the numismatic market was as #3709 in the 1906 catalog of the Estate of Joaquim Gomes de Souza Braga. The next appearance, in 1936, was in a sales price list from Santos Leitão e Cia of Rio Janeiro (item #79). In 1941 the bar was catalogued by Kurt Prober in his monograph Ouro em Pó e em Barras Meio Circulante no Brasil 1754-1833 (listed with its guia and plated as #423 in the 1990 edition), and in fact Prober himself acquired the ingot from Jael de Oliveira Lima in 1947—but without its guia. Oliveira found the guia in 1948 and sold it separately to Prober, who had already sold the ingot without its guia to a Dr. C.H Townsend. Prober then bought the bar back from Townsend and offered the newly reunited ingot and guia for sale in the price list of coin dealer Hermann Porcher in 1948, which was the last time it was publicly offered. References: American Numismatic Rarities (New York). The Louis E. Eliasberg, Sr. Collection of World Coins & Medals, auction of April 18-19, 2005. Costilhes, Alain. “Revising Brazilian Gold Bars,” in Actas — Proceedings – Actes of the XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática in Madrid in 2003 (coord. by Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero), Madrid, 2005. Marques da Costa, Carlos. “As Barras de Ouro do Brasil - Sua Ordenação em Catálogo,” in Atas do Primeiro Congresso lusobrasileiro de Numismática, São Paulo, 2000. Prober, Kurt. Ouro em Pó e em Barras Meio Circulante no Brasil 1754-1833, 2 vols, Rio de Janeiro, 1990. Sotheby’s (London). Brazilian Gold Currency Bars, auction of May 30, 1997. Spink & Sons. “An Unpublished Specimen of Brazilian Gold Bar Currency, Issued by the Gold Refinery of Villa Rica, 1814,” in Numismatic Circular, vol. XI, number 124, London, March 1903. SpinkAmerica (New York). The Norweb Collection of Brazilian, Bolivian, Colombian and Chilean Coins, auction of March 4, 1997.

49


Chile (colonial) Busts

119. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1750J, from the Luz (1752). CT-70; KM-3. 27.0 grams. Matte AU with

122. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

attractive, heavy sediment all over, some rainbow toning, crude rims at bottom. From the Luz (1752), with original Sotheby’s auction lot-tag #117. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

(“admiral’s bust”), 1809FJ. CT-113; KM-72. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU with just a few old marks, the reverse particularly flashy, slightly irregular edge (as made). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

123. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1749J, from the Luz (1752). CT-133; KM-2. 13.4 grams. Matte AU with typically flat centers and other minor flaws but no damage, important as the first year of gold coinage struck in Chile. From the Luz (1752), with certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

120. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1761J. CT-202; KM-20. 26.9 grams. Lightly polished AXF with a few old marks, overall a competent specimen of a scarce and desirable “wiggie” 8E. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

124. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1750/ 5J, from the Luz (1752). CT-134; KM-2. 13.5 grams. Lustrous Mint

121. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of State with typically weak centers but no damage or major flaws, slightly

off-center strike, flashy and attractive, the overdate erroneously listed in CT as 0/3. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Charles III), 1795DA. CT-154; KM-54. 27.0 grams. Bold legends enhanced by dark toning and sediment, problem-free VF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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Chile (Republic)

125. Santiago, Chile, 8 escudos, 1851LA. KM-105. 27.0 grams. Nice VF, no problems. Estimate: $1,500-$1,750. 126. Santiago, Chile, 10 pesos, 1853. KM-123. 15.3 grams. AXF, no problems, very lightly toned. Estimate: $800-$1,200. 127. Santiago, Chile, 2 escudos, 1844IJ. KM-102.1. 6.7 grams. VF, slightly crude edge as made. Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (colonial) Busts

128. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1799JJ,

130. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1808JJ.

encapsulated NGC MS 62. R-97.6; KM-62.1; CT-129. Choice,

R-97.40; KM-62.1; CT-144. 26.8 grams. AVF with lots of minor marks,

highly lustrous and problem-free, just a few points away from perfection, which is rare for these coins. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

crude edge. Estimate: $1,400-$2,000.

131. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII 129. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1803/ 2JJ, encapsulated NGC MS 63. R-97.28; KM-62.1; CT-136. Muted

R-128.3; KM-66.2; CT-65. Extremely lustrous and choice, highest grade

luster, no problems except for a very slight graininess (as made), top grade for the issue. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

we have ever seen for this type (should be 63), just a few minor natural flaws in bust, quite flashy and impressive. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

(bust of Charles IV), 1809JF, encapsulated NGC MS 61.

51


132. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

134. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

(bust of Charles IV), 1816FR, mintmark PN, encapsulated NGC XF 40. R-128.25a; KM-66.3; CT-86. Deeply toned around details

(bust of Charles IV), 1820FM. R-128.35; KM-66.2; CT-83. 27.0

(great contrast), no problems, better mintmark variety for the date. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

flan AU- with scratch and flaws on obverse, weak center on reverse. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

grams. Unlisted variety with traces of erased dot before HISP, broad-

135. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1758J, first year of mint. R-18.4; KM-30.2; CT-171. grams. AXF with contrastingly dark sediment around letters, no problems, decent specimen of a desirable first date. Estimate: $1,100$1,750. 6.6

133. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1819FM. R-128.33; KM-66.2; CT-82. 27.0 grams. Nice AU- with minor marks on cheek, no big problems.

Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

136. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1758J, first year of mint. R-12.5; KM-29.1; CT-225. 3.4 grams. Bold AU- with gouge at top of head, desirable first date. Estimate: $700$1,000.

Colombia (Republic)

137. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1829FM. R-166.21; KM82.2. 27.0 grams. AU with muted luster, slightly crude edge (as made)

138. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1834UR. R-166.39; KM-

with minor rim-nick. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

obverse. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

82.2. 26.9 grams. Lightly toned VF with natural lamination flaws on

52


France

139. France (Romans mint), ecu d’or a la couronne, Charles VI (1380-1422), struck ca. 1389. Ciani-484; Fr-291. 3.9 grams. Lustrous XF+ with full details, slightly wrinkled flan (typically thin). Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #80 (March, 1996), lot #624. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

140. France (Bordeaux mint), louis d’or, Louis XV, 1724K, from Le Chameau (1725). KM-470.10. 6.5 grams. UNC with muted luster, typically weak center on reverse, no problems, desirable provenance. From Le Chameau (1725), with Sedwick certificate from 1999. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

141. France (Limoges mint), 2 louis d’or, Louis XVI, 1786I. KM-592.7. 15.2 grams. Highly lustrous AU- with slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

142. France (Paris mint), 10 francs, 1866-A.

KM-800.1. 3.1

grams. Problem-free VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

German States 143. Bavaria, German States, 5 ducat, Maximilian I, 1640, date divided by Munich city view, very rare. KM-269. 17.3 grams. Attractive XF with choice details, small natural edge flaw,

plugged at top and mount removed. Estimate: $3,000-up.

144. Hannover, German States, 10 thaler, George III, 1814CHH, very rare. KM-102. 13.2 grams. Lustrous XF with light toning all over, no problems, underrated in KM. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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Great Britain

149. London, England, guinea, George III, 1775, from the 145. London, England, unite, James I (5th bust), Halsewell (1786). Sp-3728; KM-604. 8.3 grams. XF with minor nicks, nice strike, rare provenance. From the Halsewell (1786), with original certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

mintmark cinquefoil (1613-15) Sp-2620; KM-47. 9.5 grams. Broad, thin flan as usual, full details, bold legends, problem-free VF+. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

146. London, England, half crown (5 shillings), James I 150. London, England, guinea, George III, 1777, from the (5th bust), mintmark tun (1615-16). Sp-2631; KM-32. 2.4 grams.

Halsewell (1786). Sp-3728; KM-604. 8.3 grams. Lustrous XF with sediment in crevices, rare provenance. From the Halsewell (1786), with original certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Full and bold legends, AVF with small chip in rim. Estimate: $500$750.

147. London, England, 1/4 laurel (5 shillings), James I (2nd bust), mintmark spur rowel (1619-20). Sp-2642; KM-68. 2.2 grams. Nicely detailed VF, no problems. Estimate: $600-$900.

151. London, England, 1/2 guinea, George III, 1784. Sp3734; KM-605. 4.0 grams. AVF with crescent-shaped mark behind head, contrasting sediment around letters. Estimate: $250-$375.

152. London, England, 1/3 guinea, George III, 1803. Sp3739; KM-648. 2.8 grams. Lustrous XF with edge-gouge and area of

148. London, England, unite (20 shillings), Charles I (4th solder on rim as formerly mounted. Estimate: $125-$200. bust), mintmark harp (1632-33). Sp-2691; KM-153. 9.1 grams. Well-struck VF+ with bold legends, no problems. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

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153. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1862, extremely rare contemporary counterfeit struck in gold-plated platinum. cf Sp-3852D; cf KM-736.1. 8.0 grams. Lustrous XF with a noticeably lighter color but obviously struck from genuine dies and circulated, damage-free and fascinating. Estimate: $3,000-up.

154. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1862, from the Douro (1882).

Sp-3852D; KM-736.1. 8.0 grams.

Lustrous AU with small gouge on reverse rim. From the Douro (1882), with original Spink lot-card and flyer. Estimate: $300-$450.

155. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1864, die 26, from the General Abbatucci (1869). Sp-3853; KM736.2. 8.0 grams. Lustrous but bagmarked AU with vivid red and black stains, scarce provenance. From the General Abbatucci (1869). Estimate:

$350-$500.

156. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1869, die 53, from the Douro (1882). Sp-3853; KM-736.2. 7.9 grams. Problem-free AU-. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $300-$450.

157. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1869, die 54, from the Douro (1882). Sp-3853; KM-736.2. 8.0 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks, very flashy and attractive. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $300-$450.

158. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1871, die 72, from the Douro (1882).

Sp-3853B; KM-736.2. 8.0 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks, hint of red toning all over. From the Douro (1882), with original Spink lot-card and flyer.

Estimate: $350-$500.

159. London, England, 1/2 sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1877, die 97. Sp-3860E; KM-735.2. 4.0 grams. Mint State, lustrous and problem-free. Estimate: $400-$600.

160. London, England, 2 pounds, Victoria, 1887. Sp-3865; KM-768. 16.0 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks

in fields, choice relief, very flashy. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

55


161. London, England, sovereign, George V, 1914, from the Egypt (1922), with contemporary postcard showing the ship and bearing postage stamps and a handwritten note from a soldier(?) to his girlfriend. Sp-3996; KM-820. 8.0 grams (coin only). Brightly lustrous UNC with lots of tiny marks on

rims and elsewhere, the postcard quite interesting as dated June 5, 1922, less than a month after the ship sank. From the Egypt (1922). Estimate: $500-$750.

Greece 162. Greece (struck in Paris), 20 drachmai, George I, 1884-A. KM-56. 6.5 grams. Lustrous AU with minor bagmarks in fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

India (Mughal Empire) 163. India (Mughal Empire), pagoda, Alamgir II (1754-59), Imtiyazgarh mint, from the Fame (1822). KM-468.1. 3.3 grams. Small, thick and round flan (hand-struck type) with small edge-splits, AU with hint of luster. From the Fame (1822), with original insert-card signed by the Past President of the S(outh) A(frican) Numismatic Soc(iety). Estimate: $350-$500.

India (British)

164. British East India Co. (Madras mint), 1/3 mohur (5 rupees), 1820, from the Fame (1822). KM-422; Fr-654. 3.9 grams. Mint State with hint of luster and toning, no problems. From the Fame (1822). Estimate: $250-$375.

165. India, late-1800s/early-1900s jeweler’s imitation of a Bengal Presidency (British East India Co., Shah Alam II) mohur of AH1202 (1788). KM-779 (imitation). 8.8 grams. Persian legend with poetical couplet, AH date on obverse; mint-fixed regnal year 19 and flower on reverse, XF of a somewhat light color, hence low-grade gold but circulated. Estimate: $250-$375.

56


Italian States

166. Papal States (Italy), ducat, Rome under Senate (1350-1439). 3.5 grams. Decent XF with clear details, no problems. Estimate: $350-$500.

167. Venice (Italy), zecchino, John Corner II (1709-22). KM-FR1372. 3.5 grams. Broad-flan XF with full details, hint of toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

168. Venice (Italy), zecchino, Ludovicus Manin (1789-97). KM-C140. 3.4 grams. Well-detailed XF with minute “sweat spots� on fields (possibly an Indian imitation). Estimate: $250-$375.

169. Italy (Kingdom), 50 lire, Vittorio Emanuele I, 1931, year IX, Rome mint. KM-71. 4.4 grams. Lustrous Mint State, very minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $500-$750.

Japan 170. Japan (Shogunate), koban (1 ryo), Manen era (1860-67).

KM-C22d. 3.3 grams.

Popular oval coin, typically thin and with stamps on both sides, with solder-marks on edge as exjewelry. Estimate: $500-$750.

Mexico (colonial) Busts

171. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1776FM. CT-93; KM-156.2. 26.9 grams. Well-struck VF but polished

172. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

and pitted all over as ex-jewelry, desirable date. Estimate: $1,500$2,250.

hint of luster and toning, no problems. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1801FM. CT-53; KM-159. 26.9 grams. XF with typically weak centers,

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Mexico (Republic)

173. Durango, Mexico, 1/2 escudo, 1837RM. KM-378.1. 1.5 grams. Lustrous XF or better with minor (natural) lamination flaw on eagle’s head, some lettering crude, hint of toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

174. Guadalajara, Mexico, 1/2 escudo, 1852JG. KM-378.2. 1.7 grams. Decent VF, no problems for the grade. Estimate: $80-$120. 175. Mexico City, Mexico, 5 pesos, 1918. KM-464. 4.2 grams. XF with hint of luster and toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

Nepal 176. Nepal (Shah Dynasty), 1/2 mohar, Rana Bahadur, SE1712 (1790). KM-513. 2.6 grams. Lustrous XF, bold and attractive. Estimate: $350-$500.

Netherlands (United)

177. Utrecht, Netherlands, ducat, 1650. KM-7.1. 3.5 grams. Wellstruck, XF, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

178. Utrecht, Netherlands, ducat, 1724, from the Akerendam (1725). KM-7.1. 3.5 grams. Typical AU with parts of edge crude (as made). From the Akerendam (1725). Estimate: $500$750.

179. Holland, Netherlands, ducat, 1729, from the Vliegenthart (1735). KM-12.2. 3.4 grams. Perfectly struck Mint State with muted luster. From the Vliegenthart (1735). Estimate: $600-$900.

180. Holland, Netherlands, ducat, 1760, mounted in 18K gold necklace-bezel. KM-12.2. 6.4 grams. Typical AXF with thin, removable mounting topped with a diamond-encrusted bail. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Peru (colonial) Busts 181. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1824G. CT-4; KM-129.2. 27.0 grams. AXF with some luster on fields, several old marks, rare and popular one-year type. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Philippines (under Spain) 182. Philippines, 4 pesos, Isabel II, 1862/1. CT-unl; KM-144. 6.8 grams. XF or so, no big problems. Estimate: $400-$600.

Portugal 183. Lisbon, Portugal, 1/2 escudo, John V, 1736. KM-218. 1.7 grams. Bold XF+, no problems, good rims, toned around details. Estimate: $400-$600.

Russia 184. Russia, 7 roubles 50 kopecks, Nicholas II, 1897-AG. KM-Y63. 6.5 grams. Lightly bagmarked XF with hint of luster.

Estimate: $700-$900.

Scotland 185. Scotland, sword-and-sceptre, James VI, 1602. KM-20. 4.9 grams. Nicely detailed AXF, decent specimen of a popular issue. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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South Africa

186. South Africa, krugerrand, 1978. KM-73. 33.9 grams. Lustrous Mint State, a few minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000. 187. South Africa, krugerrand, 1978. KM-73. 33.9 grams. Lustrous Mint State, a few minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

Spain 188. Seville, Spain (Castile and León), dobla, Pedro I (“the Cruel,” 1350-69). Cay-1276. 4.5 grams. Typically round and thin flan with excellent details all over, including king’s portrait, cross-lions-castles and Gothic legends, enhanced by contrasting sediment around details, nice XF overall. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

189. Seville, Spain, double excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel (1474-1504), .X. at top and S at bottom between busts, mounted in 18K bezel with 58 diamonds (.92 ct total). CT78. 18.3 grams total. Well-detailed VF with full legends (Latin), good

portraits, just a bit wrinkled, in an eye-catching mounting. With photocertificate. Estimate: $5,000-$6,000.

190. Madrid, Spain, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1775PJ. CT-55; KM-409.1. 26.9 grams. Choice XF+, lustrous and problem-free.

With original holder (small wallet) from Fernando Segarra in Madrid. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

60


191. Madrid, Spain, bust 320 reales (8 escudos), Ferdinand VII, 1822SR, medal alignment, very rare. CT-36; KM-566. 27.0 grams. Nice XF/AU with surface hairlines on obverse, original luster on reverse, desirable and important as from the final issue of 8E-sized

coins from Spain (1822-23), which were followed only by the final 8E of Potosí (1822-4). The “320 reales” denomination was instituted under Joseph Napoleon and continued under the restored Ferdinand VII, but was struck in relatively small numbers due to scarcity of bullion amid the chaos of what amounted to anarchy. Note also that king’s title in the legend on the coin is tempered with mention of the Constitution he was forced to grant his people. A similar specimen sold for over $20,000 at the end of June this year (Sincona, AG). Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

192. Seville, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Charles III, 1787CM/ CF, unlisted over-assayer. CT-unl; KM-unl (418.2a). 13.4 grams. AXF with no problems, part of edge crude (as made), hint of toning and luster, the unlisted over-assayer probably quite rare. Estimate: $750$1,000.

193. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1776PJ. CT-449; KM-417.1. 6.6 grams. Popular date, typical AXF with muted luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

194. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1780PJ. CT-453; KM-417.1. 6.6 grams. F/VF with slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $300-$450.

195. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Philip V, 1741JF. CT-492; KM-342. 3.3 grams. Choice XF+, lustrous and beautifully struck, no problems. Estimate: $400-$600.

196. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles II, 1787DV. CT-629; KM-416.1a. 3.3 grams. Decent AXF with nice toning. Estimate: $225-$350.

197. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1787DV. CT-629; KM-416.1a. 3.3 grams. Problem-free AVF with dark sediment around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

198. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1791MF. CT490; KM-434. 3.2 grams. Bold XF+, no problems, sediment in crevices.

Estimate: $275-$400.

199. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1792MF. CT491; KM-434. 3.4 grams. XF with contrasting toning around details, no

problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

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200. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1792MF.

209. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI,

CT-491; KM-434. 3.4 grams. Problem-free XF with dark sediment in

1750JB. CT-246; KM-378. 1.8 grams. Decent XF with hint of toning,

crevices. Estimate: $225-$350.

201. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1801FA. CT500; KM-434. 3.1 grams. VF+ with nicely contrasting sediment around

engraved with “13 - VI - 24� above bust to memorialize the date (June 13 of either 1824 or 1924, no doubt of personal significance only). Estimate: $150-$225.

details, no problems. Estimate: $225-$350.

210. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1755JB. CT-252; KM-378. 1.8 grams. AXF, nice rims, no problems. Estimate: $225-$350.

202. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V, 1743PJ. CT584; KM-361.2. 1.7 grams. Deeply reddish purple-toned AXF, no

problems. Estimate: $175-$250.

211. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1757JB.

203. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V, 1744AJ.

CT-255; KM-378. 1.8 grams. Nice XF+ with a few minor marks, nice

Cay-9480; KM-361.1; CT-unl. 1.7 grams. Well-detailed XF, no problems.

strike, hint of toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

Estimate: $200-$300.

212. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1759J. CT-258; KM-378. 1.8 grams. XF with luster in legends, very nice.

Estimate: $225-$350.

204. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V, 1744PJ. CT587; KM-361.2. 1.7 grams. XF+ with slightly weak hair but lustrous on

reverse. Estimate: $225-$350.

213. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1759J.

205. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V, 1745PJ. CT-

CT-258; KM-378. 1.8 grams. Problem-free VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

589; KM-361.2. 1.8 grams. Bold AU with small rim-nick, muted luster.

214. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1773PJ.

Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-767; KM-415.1. 1.8 grams. Oddly off-center VF+, toned around

details. Estimate: $200-$300.

206. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1747JB. CT-242; KM-372. 1.8 grams. Nice VF+ with contrasting toning

215. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1776PJ.

around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-770; KM-415.1. 1.8 grams. Nicely toned AXF, no problems, popular

207. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1747PJ.

date. Estimate: $250-$375.

CT-260; KM-374. 1.8 grams. Flat bust but otherwise VF+, muted luster.

216. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1778PJ.

Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-772; KM-415.1. 1.8 grams. Richly toned XF, one small mark near

edge. Estimate: $225-$350.

208. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1749PJ, from the Luz (1752). CT-262; KM-374. 1.8 grams. Lustrous

217. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo,

Mint State, part of obverse rim slightly crude (as made), with small bits of sediment in crevices, rare provenance. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $200-$300.

1.7 grams. Mint State, lustrous and bold, with one tiny nick in neck only. Estimate: $275$400.

Charles III, 1783JD. CT-774; KM-415.1.

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218. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1786DV. CT-778; KM-425.1. 1.7 grams. Nice VF, spot of red on obverse rim. Estimate: $175-$250.

219. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1786DV. CT-778; KM-425.1. 1.7 grams. Decent VF with dark sediment around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

220. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1787DV.

CT-778; KM-425.1. 1.7 grams. AVF with traces of mounting, dark

sediment in crevices. Estimate: $175-$250.

221. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788M. CT-781; KM-425.1. 1.7 grams. Bold VF+ with small dents on and near rims. Estimate: $175-$250.

222. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788M. CT-781; KM-425.1. 1.7 grams. Problem-free VF. Estimate: $175-$250. 223. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788C. CT808; KM-425.2. 1.7 grams. VF with some toning around details, slightly

crude rims (as made). Estimate: $175-$250.

224. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788C. CT808; KM-425.2. 1.7 grams. Problem-free VF with reddish toning around

details. Estimate: $175-$250.

Syria 225. Syria, 1 pound, AH1369 (1950). KM-86. 6.8 grams. AU with muted luster, faint hairlines. Estimate: $500-$750.

United States of America

226. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 Coronet, 1881. KM-102. 16.7 grams. AU with bagmarks, some luster. Estimate: $900-$1,200. 227. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 Coronet, 1899. KM-102. 16.7 grams. AU with minor bagmarks, lightly rose-toned. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

228. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 Coronet, 1897. KM-101. 8.2 grams. Lightly toned XF+, no problems. Estimate: $400-$600.

229. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Coronet, 1861. KM-72. 4.2 grams. Mint State with some luster, minor bagmarks. Estimate: $350-$500.

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230. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Liberty head 1853. KM73. 1.7 grams. Mint State with some luster. Estimate: $275-$400.

231. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Liberty head, 1853. KM73. 1.7 grams. Lustrous XF+, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

232. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Indian head, 1856, slanted 5. KM-86. 1.6 grams. AXF, no problems. Estimate: $200$300.

233. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 Indian, 1911. KM-129. 8.3 grams. XF- with traces of luster, no problems. Estimate: $400-$600. 234. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 Indian, 1915, enameled in color. KM-129. 8.3 grams. Vividly painted and sealed to show accurate colors in the face and headdress, impossible to grade (probably no worse than VF) but damage-free apart from the enameling. Estimate: $600-$900. 235. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Indian, 1908. KM-128. 4.2 grams. Problem-free XF with hint of toning. Estimate: $250-$375. 236. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Indian, 1910. KM-128. 4.2 grams. XF, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

237. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Indian, 1911. KM-128. 4.2 grams. Problem-free XF. Estimate: $250-$375. 238. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Indian, 1913. KM-128. 4.1 grams. Problem-free XF. Estimate: $250-$375. 239. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Indian, 1928. KM-128. 4.2 grams. Lustrous AU- with bagmarks. Estimate: $250-$375.

Venezuela 240. Venezuela, (20 bolĂ­vares), 1911.

KM-Y32. 6.5 grams. UNC

with minor rim-bruises and bagmarks. Estimate: $400-$600.

241. Lot of 2 Venezuela (10 bolĂ­vares) 1930. KM-Y31. 6.5 grams total. Both Mint State and lustrous, no problems. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Shipwreck Ingots Gold

“Tumbaga” wreck, sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island 242. Gold “tumbaga” bar #M-1014, 310 grams, with 5 tax stamps, 6 fineness markings VI, and letter B or R, cut at one end. Approx. 9" long, 1" wide on average, and up to 3/8" thick. We are very excited to offer one of the very few GOLD bars found on the “Tumbaga wreck,” which are believed to have been made in Santo Domingo (see pp. 66-67 in our book Tumbaga Saga) from a chaotic mix of gold, silver and copper as used by the natives. The specific density of this bar, according to a recent test done by Herman Blanton, is 10.35 g/cm3, which is above pure copper (8.96), just below pure silver (10.49) and well below pure gold (19.32), indicating a very low fineness of around 3K; but this figure is quite likely skewed by significant impurities. At the opposite end of the spectrum, streak tests (which do not accurately represent anything but the surface) done by Adon Gordus on this bar in 1993, quoted in Armstrong and Christie’s, show 70.8% gold, 16.7% silver and 12.5% copper, amounting to a fineness of 17K! Despite the marking of VI on the bar, for 6K, our estimate is 7K-10K, as the color is a little pale but clearly predominantly gold. A natural casting, this bar is thin with rounded edges, with a wealth of markings along its length, interrupted in one place by a natural void, and cut at one end, where the bar was slightly upturned in the process. It has been many years since a “tumbaga” gold bar like this has been on the market, so don’t miss this opportunity. From the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528), and pedigreed to the Christie’s 4/93 auction, lot 296, also featured (as a drawing) on page 28 of Spanish Treasure Bars (Craig and Richards, 2003). Estimate: $20,000$30,000.

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Silver “Tumbaga” wreck, sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

243. Large “tumbaga” silver bar #M-101, 12.6 lb av, marked with fineness IVLXXX (1530/2400), owner B~Vo, and partial tax stamp, partially plated in Armstrong’s book. 13-1/2" x 5-3/4" x 3/4. A flat, wide, rectangular ingot with relatively smooth, even surface on marked bottom (just a tiny bit of corrosion), the other side with thousands of tiny popped bubbles from the casting process, lightly toned all over, prominent assayer’s “bite” in one corner, a well-marked bar of impressive size from the earliest known New World bullion to survive. From the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528), with original Sedwick photo-certificate from 2002. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

244. “Tumbaga” silver disk, 3 lb 4 oz av, marked with fineness IV IIII XX (1420/2400), pedigreed to the original Christie’s sale. 5-1/2" to 6" in diameter, up to 3/4" thick. This is one of a very small percentage of UNCONSERVED “tumbaga” ingots, still very darkly toned and with bright green patina in crevices, as well as a purplish copper color around the incuse markings, the rounded and marked bottom somewhat corroded but the flattish top smoother and pitted with only its original casting bubbles, part of edge sharp where the assayer’s “bite” was taken, the opposite side jagged as well but showing layers of the original sheets of silver packed together and partially unmelted. From the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528), and pedigreed to the Christie’s (London) auction of April 28, 1993, lot #269. Estimate: $4,000$6,000.

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245. “Tumbaga” silver bar #M-36, 5 lb 4 oz av, marked with fineness 9CCC L xx (870/2400), batch code RCxxx, owner B~Vo and partial tax stamp. 7" x 3-1/4" x 7/8". A common but popular, neatly rectangular shape we call a “half brick,” with light corrosion all over but bold markings on the bottom, the top with somewhat unmelted surface and tax stamp, bias-cut assayer’s “bite” in one corner. From the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

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246. “Tumbaga” silver bar #M-56, 3 lb 8 oz av, marked with fineness IV IIII XX (1420/2400) and tax stamp. 9" x 2-5/8" x 5/8". Smaller, longer rectangular bar (more like the contraband ingots of the 1600s) with markings on the rounded and grainy bottom,

including a faint but fuller-than-normal tax stamp, the top of the bar with curious flow lines, toned and only minimally corroded, with prominent bias-cut assayer’s “bite” in one corner. From the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the Northern Caribbean

247. Silver “splash” ingot #20, 1309 grams, with 2 tax stamps. 5-1/2" to 6" in diameter, up to 1/2" thick. From a metallurgical standpoint it is curious to compare this typical “splash” ingot in refined silver to the previous “tumbaga” ingots, as this “splash” is typically thinner, brighter, and more corroded, with a couple prominent “mountains” on the top where the poured silver dripped onto the surface, this specimen with faint but discernible crowned-C tax stamps and patch of coral on edge. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with original Sedwick certificate from 2006. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

248. Large silver bar #794, 76 lb 7.07 oz troy, Class Factor 1.0 (estimated), with special certificate. Approx. 14" x 5" x 3". This bar was one of a few that were set aside early in the process for a major investor, thereby missing the assignation of a Class Factor, but we can safely estimate it at the top of 1.0 because all the requisite markings are visible, including: manifest number DCCXCIIII (794), fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400), various owners’/shippers’ marks, tax stamps, cartouche for assayer Mexia, double-scoop assayer’s “bite,” and foundry/date oP1622. (We are currently researching a theory that this mark refers to the long-active mine of Porco, which is a better fit for the oP monogram, rather than the generally assumed Potosí). Also nicely toned all over, with a light dusting of encrustation on the sides, classic shape for this foundry but lower in weight than most. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher certificate and packet of manifest information. Estimate: $30,000-up.

249. Large silver bar #182, 90 lb 0.32 oz troy, Class Factor 0.7, with special certificate. Approx. 15-3/4" x 5" x 3". Interesting Oruro (foundry) ingot with owner/shipper marks re-stamped in a crudely re-melted area (not corrosion, as it might seem at first), which is somewhat normal for this foundry, also with full circular stamp with crown above O (looks like what we see on the 1649-1652 Potosí coinage) above bold fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400) to left of faint (unattributed) assayer cartouche that includes letters LRA, incuse manifest number CLXXXII (182), traces of cylindrical assayer’s “bite” in corroded area on side at one end. In short, this is every bit of a Class Factor-0.9 bar (lacking only the date), but the re-melting was confused for heavy corrosion. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher certificate, plastic tag and packet of manifest information. Estimate: $30,000-up. 250. Large silver bar #373, 83 lb 1.12 oz troy, Class Factor 0.7, with special certificate. Approx. 16" x 5" x 3". Somewhat silvery and relatively devoid of markings as made, probably re-melted like most Oruro (foundry) bars, its crude surface therefore not entirely due to corrosion (so probably should be a higher Class Factor), still with bold manifest number CCCLXXIII (373) and fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400) to left of faint assayer mark, cylindrical assayer’s “bite” on side at one end, prominent diagonal slash on top, traces of charcoal in bottom. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher certificate, plastic tag and packet of manifest information. Estimate: $25,000-up.

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251. Silver “barreton” ingot #923, 16 lb 5.76 oz troy, Class Factor 0.6. Approx. 13-7/8" x 2-1/2" x 1-1/4". Amongst the huge loaves of silver on this wreck were some smaller “rails” of silver known as “barretones,” like this one, which shows a clear fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400) and 3 large circular tax stamps with parts of PHILIPPVS visible, diagonal assayer’s “bite” in one corner, the surfaces somewhat corroded but the low Class Factor also due to the fact that the smaller “barretones” were considered less desirable by the evaluators in Key West, despite the fact that smaller bars are more affordable and portable. From the Atocha (1622, with Fisher photo-certificate #1100. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island 252. Small silver ingot (melted coins and/or contraband), 87.3 grams. Roughly 2-1/4" x 1-3/4" x 1/2". A diminutive, darkly encrusted blob of silver with no visible markings or evidence of controlled casting, so possibly it is just several coins melted together. From the Maravillas (1656), and pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

253. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1954 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Zeeland chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), cast in diagonal to bar width. 5-1/4" x 1-5/8" x 1-3/8". Typically very neatly cast bar, this example not as long as most and with one end cut 3 times diagonally around a central pit in which thick encrustation now resides, the other end of the bar showing a diagonal seam from casting, the markings on one side clear and full but somewhat small. From the Slot ter Hooge (1724), with certificate #DSA10/A1 from the salvager (StĂŠnuit). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

254. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1957 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Zeeland chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), cast in parallel to bar width. 6-1/8" x 1-5/8" x 1-1/8". Long and fairly uniform bar with pit end clipped only in one corner (the shallow pit filled with encrustation), other end and sides with long seam from casting, one of the broader sides with bold, full but compact markings. From the Slot ter Hooge (1724), with certificate #DSA10/B1 from the salvager (StĂŠnuit). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet (Infante site), Florida Keys 255. Small silver ingot (contraband and/or melted coins), 83.2 grams. Approx. 2" to 2-1/2" in diameter and up to 1/4" thick. A compact, thin “splash” of silver with one patch of gray, shelly encrustation, no markings, perhaps coincidentally the weight of three 8 reales. From the 1733 Fleet (Infante site), and pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England

256. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1969 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Amsterdam chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.) and “jumping goat” assayer-mark of Otto and/or Wouter Buck. 6-1/4" x 1-1/2" x 1-1/4". Meticulously cast, with straight, smooth sides, the pit end crude and lightly filed in its time, with deep pit filled with orange encrustation, the markings on one of the broader sides very bold and full, deeply impressed, and in fact recently attributed to a known assayer by Arent Pol of the Geldmuseum in Utrecht. From the Rooswijk (1739), with original certificate and tag #RK04A0555. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

257. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1962 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Amsterdam chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.) and “jumping goat” assayer-mark of Otto and/or Wouter Buck. 6" x 1-1/2" x 1". Very neatly cast as usual, with corners of pit end cut three times and filed, the wide and deep pit containing orangish encrustation, markings on one of the broader sides very full and bold, the “jumping goat” stamp recently attributed to a known assayer by Arent Pol of the Geldmuseum in Utrecht. From the Rooswijk (1739), with original certificate and tag #RK04A0376. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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Copper Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 258. Large copper ingot from the Atocha (1622), 69 lb av (+/-), original certificate missing. Roughly 17" x 11" x 3". Very crude, lumpy “pig� of pure copper with one end flaked apart and partially broken away (in its own time), the top surface mostly coated in white encrustation, otherwise dark brown with green color all over, still with part of its original Treasure Salvors tag but with the artifact number cut off. From the Atocha (1622). Estimate: $500-$750.

Other Unidentified ca.-1370 wreck in the Red Sea 259. Tin ingot, neatly formed, encrusted as found. 3323 grams, approx. 5-1/2" x 5" x 3". Flat-topped pyramid in shape, in a cocoon of puffy white coral encrustation, quite a conversation piece but also significant as one of very few tin ingots recovered in our time (as prior salvagers generally melted them). From an unidentified ca.-1370 wreck in the Red Sea. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Session II: October 25, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Shipwreck Silver Coins Spanish 1554 Fleet, Padre Island, Texas 260. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 12.6 grams. Bold full shield and pillars, some legend (king’s name clear), typically darkly toned with rusty encrustation, but not corroded. Estimate: $200-$300.

Unidentified ca.-1590 wreck off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico

261. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayers O and F. 34.4 grams total. Nice, uncorroded specimens with full shields and crosses, darkly toned and some with coral encrustation as uncleaned. Estimate: $300-$450.

262. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 24.7 grams. Choice full shield with bold *-8 (round top) to left and P-oD to right, full but doubled cross, intact interiors but edges corroded away in a pattern distinctive for this wreck. Estimate: $200-$300.

263. Clump of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II. 96.8 grams. Incomplete coins due to distinctive edge-eating corrosion,

otherwise with decent crosses visible, nicely toned, attractively encrusted and spread out. Estimate: $350-$500.

264. Clump of an indeterminate amount of cob fragments. 147.6 grams. Typically fragmented coins due to corrosion, surrounded by thick, gray and white encrustation. Estimate: $350$500.

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“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

265. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, assayer F. 24.3 grams. Nearly full shield and cross on a planchet of very uneven thickness resulting in flat spots, some toning, but not really corroded. Estimate: $125-$200.

266. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer F, mintmark as ooM, quadrants of cross transposed, rare. 22.2 grams. Full but corroded shield and crown and cross, MF to left

topped with a small figure-8, darkly toned all over. Estimate: $150$225.

267. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. 18.8 grams. Full shield and cross, moderately corroded, evenly gray-toned all over. With Art of Money photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

268. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

269. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M,

period), Grade 1. S-P14; KM-5.1. 26.0 grams. Bold full shield and

Grade 2 (estimated), certificate and tag missing. KM-10.

cross, full P-B and denomination o-VIII, particularly prominent (and nearly complete) borders of dots, minimal corrosion. With Fisher certificate #209650. Estimate: $400-$600.

24.0 grams. Good full cross, bold assayer to left of full shield, light

corrosion all over and distinctively silvery. Estimate: $150-$225.

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270. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)22T, quadrants of 273. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not cross transposed, Grade 2 (estimated), certificate and tag missing. S-P21a; KM-19; CT-456. 24.9 grams. Thick, somewhat oval

visible, upper half of shield and quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1, with original tag but certificate missing. KM-10. 26.4 grams. Round and uncorroded specimen with

flan with nice full cross, good full shield and crown, darkly toned, with corrosion only on part of obverse, clear bottom half of 22 of date, which is scarce and popular as the date of the sinking. Estimate: $200-$300.

choice full cross, full and well-detailed shield, nicely toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

271. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade 1 (estimated), certificate and tag missing. S-P21; KM10. 26.4 grams. Bold P-T without ornament in between to left of full

but off-center shield, good full cross, no corrosion. Estimate: $175$250.

274. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 1 (estimated), certificate and tag missing, mounted shield-side out in 14K gold necklace bezel. KM10. 48.4 grams total. A rather large piece, both from the mounting and the fact that the coin itself is broad and uncorroded, with bold mintmark, nearly full but slightly doubled shield and cross, some flatness. Estimate: $250-$375.

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272. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade 1 (estimated), certificate and tag missing. S-P21; KM10. 26.1 grams. Choice bold shield and cross, full denomination o-

VIII, nicely toned and corrosion-free. Estimate: $175-$250.

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275. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 2 (estimated), certificate missing, mounted cross-side out in 14K gold bezel. KM-10. 31.3 grams total. Good full shield, full but corroded cross, simple but substantial mounting. Housed in a box from Cardow Jewelers, who made the mounting (stamped on the bail). Estimate: $300-$450.

276. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 16(17)M, Grade 2, with original tag but certificate missing. S-P19; KM-9; CT-245. 13.1 grams. Bold 16 of date, full but partially flat shield and cross, full crown, no corrosion, lightly toned all over. With original Fisher insert-card

#181651. Estimate: $200-$300.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

277. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (162)0T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 3 (estimated), with original tag but certificate missing. S-P21; KM-9; CT-248. 19.2 grams. Incomplete flan due to corrosion, but what remains is well detailed (full shield and cross, the former slightly doubled), with clear 0 of date just past 12 o’clock in the legend. With original Fisher insert-card #9027. Estimate: $125-$200.

278. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-9. 24.8 grams. Good full shield and cross, some corrosion but still solid, just brightly polished. With Fisher certificate #80M-2110. Estimate: $350-$500.

279. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, assayer A to right (1621-22), mintmark RN to left, Grade 3, rare. S-C2; KM-3.2. 10.8 grams. Thin from corrosion (especially around the edge), but with

most of shield and cross clear (both slightly doubled) and with clear mintmark and assayer, also nicely toned. With original Fisher photocertificate #11262, and pedigreed to our Auction #2, where it sold for $2990. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida 280. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1618)PAL, rare.

S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 13.9 grams. Round and well centered, with full shield

and cross and clear PAL assayer, but typically moderately corroded all over, rare provenance. With original Seahawk certificate #91-1A002507.0103. Estimate: $250-$375.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique Mexico 8R

283. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)611, assayer D(!), 281. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Grade 1, very rare. Fascinating coin with clear 11 of date but also

oF, Grade 1, very rare. S-M13; KM-43. Choice full cross, excellent

discernible assayer D, who was not supposed to have begun until 1618 but probably re-used assayer-F dies from many years prior without changing the date, this with huge flan featuring a choice full shield and denomination 8, good full cross, 2 narrow edge-splits, no corrosion, evenly brown-toned all over. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973918012, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $500-$750.

full shield and crown, bold MoF [sic] to left, much legend, including DEI GRATA (missing the penultimate I), minimal corrosion but not completely toned. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973990029, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $400-$600.

282. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer A, Grade 1. S-M16. Broad flan with full shield and crown and crossand-tressure, clear assayer A and denomination 8, minor corrosion and some toning. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1975907016, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

284. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)12/1(F), Grade 1, rare. S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-104. Bold full 2/1 of date to left of choice full crown, full but weak shield and cross, king’s ordinal III in legend, some corrosion and toning, uneven thickness, rather large flan. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063022, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

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285. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)612/1F, Grade 288. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1619/8D/F, Grade 1. S-M18; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Very bold full shield and denomination

1, rare. S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-104. Small, round, thick flan with choice full shield and cross, clear date and oMF and king’s ordinal III, no corrosion but some flat spots. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063043, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

8, nearly full cross, much legend, some flatness and corrosion, contrasting toning in crevices. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973341019, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

289. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)619/8D, Grade 286. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1618F, Grade 3, 1.

S-M18; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Choice full cross, nearly full shield next to bold oM, most of date, much flatness but no corrosion. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063035, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

very rare. S-M17; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Bold date and oMF (first we have seen), full shield and cross, moderately corroded all over. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063006, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $200-$300.

287. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)18/7/6D/F, Grade 1, very rare. S-M18; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Very bold date

290. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)19/18D, Grade 1. S-M18; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Odd shape, clear date and overdate,

with clear multiple overdate (first specimen we have seen), full shield and cross and oMD, some flatness and patchy corrosion but still rather solid, a bit silvery. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063005, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

bold full oMD, full cross and most shield, minimal corrosion but much flatness and no contrast. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063014, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Mexico 4R

291. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)620D, Grade 1. S-M18; KM-44.3; CT-117. Choice specimen with elegant toning, bold

294. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer F (pre-1607), Grade 1. S-M12a; KM-37.1; CT-223. Round and evenly

date and oMD, nice full cross and shield, no corrosion, one of the best-preserved specimens from this wreck. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063003, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $400-$600.

toned, with good full shield and cross, full oMF, king’s ordinal III and (DEI) GRAT(IA) in legend (hence no date), some minor corrosion. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973942007, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

292. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)20(D), Grade 2. S-M18; KM-44.3; CT-117. Clear date, good full shield and cross, but

295. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)09/8A/F, Grade 1, rare. S-M16; KM-unl (37.2); CT-unl. No contrast due to

some surface corrosion and part of edge missing, toned in crevices. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973716018, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $250-$375.

light corrosion and lack of toning, but with full date and assayer, good full shield and cross. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1975907009, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350$500.

293. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer 296. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer D, Grade 1. S-M18; KM-44.3. Attractively toned, with choice full

A, Grade 1. S-M16; KM-37.2. Bold king’s ordinal, full oMA, decent full shield and cross, but lightly corroded all over (no contrast). Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1975907008, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300-$450.

shield and cross, full oMD, crude near edge but otherwise rather nice compared to most. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973779024, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

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297. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)15(F), Grade 1, very rare. S-M17; KM-unl (37.2); CT-unl. Bold 5 of date (looks like

299. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1618/7D, Grade

a backwards 2), good full shield and cross, bold oM, peripheral flatness but corrosion. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973716010, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $400-$600.

2, very rare. S-M18; KM-unl (37.2); CT-unl. Bold full date with clear overdate, full oM, off-center shield, good but corroded cross. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063050, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300-$450.

298. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)15(F), Grade 2, very rare. S-M17; KM-unl (37.2); CT-unl. Full 15 of date (the 5 like a backwards 2), nearly full shield and cross, moderate surface corrosion all over but still solid. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974063048, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300$450.

300. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)19/8D/F, Grade 2, very rare. S-M18; KM-unl (37.2); CT-unl. Full 19/8 of date and oMD/F, full shield, but cross and parts of edge corroded, light toning all over. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973933021, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $250-$375.

Potosí 8R

301. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd period), Grade 1. S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. Thick and solid flan but

302. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

with minor surface corrosion, somewhat silvery, nevertheless with full shield and cross and clear assayer. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976422001, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

period), borders of x’s, Grade 1. S-P14; KM-5.5. Bold full shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), clear assayer B and denomination and king’s name, a little crude per the issue, and not much contrast, but not really corroded. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976426006, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

84


303. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), Grade 1. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. Choice full cross and full crown and shield (all slightly doubled), clear assayer R, no corrosion but not much contrast either. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973582022, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

306. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. KM-10. Big flan but rather crude strike, nevertheless with full shield and cross, some legend, toned but lightly corroded. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976422044, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

304. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade 1. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. Huge flan with choice details all

307. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)618, assayer not visible, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. KM-10. Bold 8 of

over, including full legends, excellent full shield and cross, no corrosion, lightly tan-toned all over, definitely one of the top coins from this wreck and worth a premium. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973902022, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $500-$750.

date, full but doubled cross and shield, full crown, lightly corroded but also somewhat toned. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974056032, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350$500.

305. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q,

308. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T), quadrants of

quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P17; KM-10; CT-

cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10; CT-134. Choice full shield and cross, date with bold I’s but weaker 6 and 9, no corrosion, no contrast. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976426035, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $400-$600.

124. Full cross and shield and crown, clear assayer, solid and virtually

uncorroded but without much contrast. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976436019, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

85


309. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)620T, backward mintmark, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-10; CT-136. Full date despite corrosion, clear backward-P mintmark, weak shield and cross. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974056025, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $250-$375.

310. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, denomination 8, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. Very choice full shield and cross, clear P x T, solid and

uncorroded but parts of edge weak, no toning. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976436011, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

311. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, upper half of shield transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. Good full cross, full but slightly doubled shield, clear (P)+T, solid but somewhat odd-shaped flan. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976420007, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300-$450.

Potosí 4R

312. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer A, Grade 2. S-P11; KM-4.2; CT-346. Full shield with faint but clear A to left, crude full cross, light surface corrosion all over with below-par contrast, scarce. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976420022, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $250-$375.

313. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th period), Grade 1. S-P12; KM-4.2. Full cross and shield (the latter slightly doubled), clear assayer (small B with bottom broken), not much contrast but not really corroded either. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974029030, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

314. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period), borders of x’s, Grade 1. S-P14; KM-4.3. Nice full cross, full but doubled shield, clear borders, no corrosion, contrasting toning in crevices. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976426020, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $375-$550.

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315. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer RL (curved leg), Grade 1. S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. Bold full shield and

317. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q,

cross, clear assayer, minor corrosion only, not much contrast. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974029023, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P17; KM-9; CT-243. Solid, uncorroded and toned, but with much flatness (as made). Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976479043, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300-$450.

316. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade 1. S-P17; KM-9; CT-243. Good full cross and shield, clear

318. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)617M, rotated lions,

assayer, minimal corrosion but not much contrast. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1973939046, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $350-$500.

Grade 1. S-P19; KM-9; CT-245. Exceptionally bold full date and cross (with lions lying on their tails), good full shield, clear P-M, solid and uncorroded. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976479049, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $400-$600.

Spain

319. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, (1)622(D), Grade 2.

CT594; KM-80. Full 22 of date above full cross with nice lions, crude

320. Seville, Spain, cob 2 reales, (16)01(?)B, OMNIVM

shield but with clear denomination VIII, solid and uncorroded but with patchy toning and much flatness. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1974056026 (erroneously attributed to Bolivia), with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $250-$375.

(slightly doubled), good full cross with weak date at top that appears to show a 0 and a 1 close together (an unlisted date), minimal corrosion, patchy toning, odd shape. Encapsulated by NGC and with Arqueonautas certificate #1976420017, with wooden presentation box. Estimate: $300-$450.

type, Grade 1. CT-376; KM-17.6. Bold S-B to left of good full shield

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“Lucayan Beach wreck,� sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

321. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)621D. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-308. 24.7 grams. Bold 62 of date, nice cross, full shield, deeply toned and corrosion-free but with natural void at mintmark. Estimate: $200-$300.

324. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D, mounted shield-side out in a silver bezel with chain, housed in a Spink box. S-M18a; KM-45. 56.1 grams total. Solid, uncorroded coin with full but partially weak cross and shield, rustic mounting on flat-ring back with ornamental prongs, the box in atypically excellent condition. With original Spink box and small certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

322. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)624/3D, rare. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-314. 27.0 grams. Bold oMD below fairly clear date, nearly full but off-center shield, good full cross, thick and solid flan with no corrosion. Estimate: $300-$450.

325. Clump of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (D). 197.2 grams. Bare coins held together by a minimum of encrustation in between, with a stack of 5 perpendicular to a stack of 2, the coins all solid and uncorroded, very sturdy and presentable. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

323. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)625/4D, rare. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-316. 26.4 grams. Very bold full date with clear overdate, full oMD, nearly full shield and cross, toned and practically corrosion-free. Estimate: $600-$900.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

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328. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. S-M18a; KM-38. 13.6 grams. Round flan, solid and uncorroded, but

326. Clump of 4 Mexican silver cobs (three 8R and one 4R). 94.5 grams. Simple stack of solid (uncorroded) coins, top one

all rather flat, most of shield and assayer visible. With original (small certificate). Estimate: $125-$200.

with full shield and denomination and mintmark showing, bottom one with full but encrusted cross. Estimate: $350-$500.

327. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer 329. Potos铆, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1622-3)P, quadrants of D, housed in a Spink box. S-M18a; KM-38. 13.7 grams. Solid and uncorroded coin with full but partially flat shield and cross, clear oMD, nice round shape with toned fields. With original Spink box and small certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

cross transposed, rare as from this wreck, housed in a Spink box. S-P22; KM-19. 24.5 grams. Excellent specimen with full shield and crown and (doubled) cross, bold PxP, attractively toned, minimal corrosion. With original Spink box and small certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

Concepci贸n, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

331. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer 330. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 22.2 grams. Darkly toned and somewhat corroded P, with canvas impression on obverse. S-M19; KM-45. 25.1 grams.

but with most of cross and shield, clear mintmark. With original tag #37332 from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

Oblong flan, somewhat crude but with full shield and cross, bold oM, no corrosion, lightly toned. With original insert-card. Estimate: $100-$150.

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332. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 24.1 grams. Attractive bulbous urn-shape with full oMP, nice full shield and cross, minimal corrosion, no toning. With certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

333. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cobs (two 8R and two 4R), Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 64.5 grams total. All more or less corroded but with some good detail, mostly toned, one of the 8R with full oMP. With original insert-cards. Estimate: $250-$375.

334. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1639/8(P), rare, original Christensen pedigree. S-M19; KM-45. 12.2 grams. One hundred percent full and bold date with clear overdate on a solid, urn-shaped flan, nicely toned, with good full cross and most of shield and crown. With certificate and original Christensen lot-tag #981115. Estimate: $200-$300.

335. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)41(P). S-M19; KM-38; CT-unl. 13.1 grams. Round and uncorroded, with clear 41 of

date, full shield and cross, much flatness but nicely toned. With tag from the salvagers #44173. Estimate: $150-$225.

336. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, in promotional folder with booklet. S-M19; KM-38. 12.1 grams. Full but weak cross and shield, lightly corroded and toned. Housed in a large wallet-style certificate with Shedd Aquarium pamphlet (Mendel Peterson). Estimate: $100-$150.

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337. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1630T, “+” ornaments, rare. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-472. 26.6 grams. Full and bold date, choice full shield and cross with .P.T to left and +8+ to right, attractively toned, no corrosion. Estimate: $500-$750.

338. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (1630s). S-P26; KM-19a. 26.3 grams. Bold assayer, full shield and cross, uncorroded but somewhat darkly toned and probably of substandard fineness. With original insert-card. Estimate: $100-$150.

339. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cobs (one 4R and two 2R), Philip IV, assayer TR where visible. 24.7 grams total. Lightly to moderately corroded coins, each with most of cross and shield visible, the 4R with assayer visible, one of the 2R darkly toned. With original insert-cards. Estimate: $175-$250.

Unidentified 1600s wreck 340. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 12.5 grams. Odd shape, solid and uncorroded but with large patch of dark orange encrustation on obverse, one lion and one castle on the other side nice. Estimate: $40-$60.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador Shield-type

341. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1649Z/R (very rare), crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P34; KM-unl (19a); CT-unl. 17.3 grams. Full crown and shield with clear .P.Z. to left, the Z punched

342. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)4(9)O/sR, no countermark, very rare. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-unl. 22.6 grams. Bold

over what appears to be an R (as opposed to TR) for Ramírez, the assayer who was executed, bold .8. denomination to right, nice full cross with countermark in center and bold legend including date, a bit worn from corrosion but with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

.P.O. with rare and curious over-assayer, full but off-center shield, good full cross, light corrosion only, good toning. Estimate: $400$600.

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343. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)49O, no countermark

346. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1649(O), with crowned-

(rare). S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. 26.8 grams. Excellent full cross with

(?) countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. 13.8 grams.

bold date, nearly full but crudely struck shield, very light surface corrosion only. Estimate: $500-$750.

Small and crude from corrosion but with discernible date and countermark and nearly full cross, nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

344. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(49)O, no countermark (rare). S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. 23.1 grams. Exceptionally choice full

347. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1.6.(5.)0O, no countermark (rare). S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 26.5 grams. Broad flan

shield and cross, with bold king’s ordinal IIII, clear assayer and denomination 8, no corrosion, nicely toned on fields. Estimate: $400$600.

with full shield and cross, messy legends but enough to identify the date variety, a few scrapes but no corrosion, no toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

345. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649)O, crowned-PH countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. 17.6 grams. Nice full shield with nearly full countermark, bold P-O and denomination 8, good full cross-and-tressure, thin from corrosion but with dark, contrasting toning. Estimate: $275-$400.

348. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O (large Spanish 5), crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 21.1 grams. Choice full countermark, some bold legend (including date

and king’s ordinal IIII), somewhat worn and silvery but with contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

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349. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O (small Spanish 352. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)650O, with arms 5), crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 20.7 grams. Full countermark in middle of full cross, clear date, full

countermark at edge on cross side. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509.

shield and (doubled) crown, small edge-split, a little crude overall but uncorroded and lightly toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

countermark and assayer, full but doubled shield, edge-split, decent toning. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

23.5 grams. Crudely grainy but with full cross, bold date, clear

353. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)0O, with crown350. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-L

alone countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 12.6 grams.

countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 24.6 grams. Broad flan with nice full cross between P-O and 8-0, much legend, great full cross-and-tressure with bold countermark, clear date, edge-split, no corrosion, nicely toned. With original SubAmerica certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

Very thin and misshapen from corrosion but still with full and bold countermark on full shield and attractively toned. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

354. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650)O, crowned-S countermark on cross (scarce). S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 25.0

351. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 20.2 grams. Thin from corrosion but with bold countermark on full cross, full but doubled shield with most of crown above, P-O to left and 8-O to right, good toning. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $175$250.

grams. Solid coin with full countermark, 2 bold assayers, decent full

shield and cross, crude peripheries with part of edge bent, lightly toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

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355. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)1O, crowned-.F. countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-510. 27.2 grams. Oblong

358. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, crowned-.F.

flan, totally corrosion-free, with full countermark on shield below full crown, full cross with old scrape, much flatness, toned in crevices. Estimate: $350-$500.

hundred percent full and bold date, weak but full cross, full countermark on full shield below full crown, curious shape, no corrosion, nicely toned. Estimate: $500-$750.

356. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649-51)O, no

359. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, crowned-o

countermark (rare). S-P35; KM-19b. 23.9 grams. Scruffy surfaces

countermark on cross (scarce). S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 20.8

but with full shield and cross, most of crown, very lightly toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

grams. Full shield with bold E’s on either side, king’s ordinal IIII, full

countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 23.3 grams. One

countermark on full but doubled cross, faint but discernible date, thin from light corrosion, contrasting toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

357. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649-51)O, with crowned-.F. countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b. 20.7 grams.

360. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(5)1E, no countermark

Good full shield and crown with bold countermark, full but weaker cross, nicely toned and without blatant corrosion. Curiously, the king’s name reads PELIP(VS), probably with the first P punched over an F. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

(rare). S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 27.2 grams. Solid, round, uncorroded flan with excellent full cross and shield, assayer, denomination and king’s ordinal IIII all clear, nicely toned. Estimate: $500-$750.

94


361. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)1E, no countermark

364. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(51)E, crowned-S

(rare). S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 25.6 grams. Broad, corrosion-free flan

countermark on shield (scarce). S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 25.3

with great full shield and crown and cross, clear final digit of date, nice toning, peripheral flatness. Estimate: $400-$600.

grams. Broad, solid and uncorroded flan with great full shield and

cross, the former with full countermark, much legend including king’s ordinal III, nicely toned. Estimate: $500-$750.

362. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)51E, crowned-PH

365. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(1)E, no countermark

countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 22.4 grams. Lightly

(rare). S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 22.5 grams. Full shield and cross, bold date, light corrosion, light gray color all over. Estimate: $350-$500.

corroded all over but with full shield with 8-E to right, full cross with clear countermark and full 51 of date at top. Estimate: $275-$400.

363. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)51E, crown-alone (common) countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 19.8

366. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(1)E, crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 24.7 grams. Bold

grams. Good full shield with bold countermark, assayer visible on both sides, full cross, some flatness and light corrosion, nicely redtoned, small edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

full countermark on full cross with nice lions, full shield and crown (minor doubling), edge-split, minimal corrosion but some flatness at edge. Estimate: $250-$375.

95


369. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1651E, crowned-PH 367. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)65(1-2)E, with crown-

countermark on shield, very rare. S-P36; KM-17b; CT-unl. 10.1

alone countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b. 20.9 grams. Bold

grams. Nicely detailed full cross and shield, partial countermark,

countermark on full but corroded and darkly toned shield, full but weak cross on other side, slightly concave due to the countermark. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

bottom half of date, bold PHILIPP(VS), nicely toned, thin but not overtly corroded. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

370. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1651-2)E, with crowned.F. countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-17b. 8.6 grams. Choice full shield with nearly full countermark, good but off-center cross, flat around edges and thin from corrosion but nicely toned. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

368. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)650O, with crowned.F. countermark on shield, unique error struck with 8R dies. S-P35; KM-17b; CT-unl. 13.4 grams. Fascinating coin with full (4R-sized) and well-detailed shield but with bold denomination 8 to right above assayer O, bold countermark, good full shield (also 4Rsized) with some flatness, no corrosion, nicely toned. Estimate: $250$375.

1652 Transitionals 371. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, transitional Type IV, scarce. S-P37; KM-A20.4; CT-432. 20.4 grams. Good full pillars with F-8-IIII across top and E-8-E across bottom, full but off-center shield with clear A-P-8 to left, moderately corroded. With original SubAmerica certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Pillars-and-waves

372. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, post-transitional (Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 27.6 grams. Choice specimen with interior design on both sides full and superbly toned, well centered and nicely struck, one small edge-split and not much legend but otherwise one of the most attractive examples possible. With original SubAmerica certificate. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

373. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 20.4 grams.

374. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 19.1 grams.

Balloon-shaped flan with bold full pillars (particularly bold 1-PH-6 and 52 date), partial second date in legend, weaker cross, nicely toned but lightly corroded all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

Full but off-center pillars with partial second date in legend, good full cross, lightly corroded all over but nicely toned. Estimate: $200$300.

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97


375. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1653E, .PH. at top, ex-Ullian collection. S-P37a; KM-R21; CT-410. 23.8 grams. Not quite round but with full and clearly Royal-worthy details, including full legends and well-struck interiors, on an evenly-thick planchet, attractively toned with only a touch of corrosion, comparable to the only other known Royal from this wreck, which sold for $6,600 in the original Capitana auction in 1999. Pedigreed to the Lou Ullian collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

376. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, .PH. at top, 4digit date below cross. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-437. 24.5 grams. Very bold full pillars-and-waves with particularly bold mintmarks, full but off-center cross, essentially uncorroded but with much peripheral flatness. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

377. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, .PH. at top.

SP37a; KM-21; CT-437. 16.0 grams. Round thin flan with well-centered

but heavily corroded details, lightly toned all over. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

378. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT438. 18.3 grams. Full but off-center cross, full waves, 2 dates, thin from corrosion and somewhat corroded. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

98


380. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654/3E, .PH. at top, 379. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT- very rare. S-P37a; KM-unl (18); CT-unl. 13.1 grams. Choice full pillars and cross, well centered, with 3 dates (the overdate between the pillars only), nicely toned, solid and uncorroded. Estimate: $400-$600.

438. 18.0 grams. Moderately corroded but with clear date, full pillars

and cross, silvery surfaces. With original tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island Mexico

381. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P. S-M19; KM45; CT-360. 24.3 grams. Bold oMP to left and 8 to right of full but weak shield, bottoms of digits of date, corroded cross, lightly toned all over. With original Marex certificate #91-8R-0773. Estimate: $125$200.

382. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 24.2 grams. Solid, odd-shaped flan with bold oMP, full shield and cross, darkly toned and lightly corroded all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

383. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-38. 10.3 grams. Small, round flan with good full cross, full but darkly toned shield, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $75-$110.

99


Potosí, shield-type

384. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(0-1)O, with 2 crowned-C countermarks on cross (rare). S-P35; KM-19b. 21.6 grams. Crude planchet with edge-splits but with full and clear

countermarks, full shield and cross, clear assayer O and 165 of date, lightly corroded. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $200$300.

385. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E/O, crown-alone countermark (rare type) on shield. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-512. 21.0 grams. One hundred percent full date outside a full but corroded cross, nearly full but also corroded shield with clear countermark, 8E to right, edge-splits, typical brownish toning. Estimate: $175-$200.

386. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(1-2)E, distinctive 5, crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b. 26.3 grams. Solid and 100% corrosion-free, with bold P-E to left of choice full shield, full but doubled cross with clear countermark, darkly toned on date with a modern-looking 5, nicely toned on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

387. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1651-2)E, with 2 countermarks (very rare): crowned .F. on shield and crowned L on cross. S-P36; KM-17b. 10.3 grams. Thin from corrosion but round, with full shield, countermark, assayer and denomination on obverse, full but doubled cross with second countermark on reverse, purplish toning. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

Potosí, 1652 transitionals

388. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, transitional Type III, ex-Haskins collection. S-P37; KM-A20.3; CT-unl. 16.4 grams. Crudely cracked flan with corrosion but full shield, A-P-8 and O-E52, bold and darkly toned pillars with F-8-IIII and E-dot-E. Pedigreed to the Jack Haskins collection, with special certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

389. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, transitional Type VIII/A, ex-Haskins collection. S-P37; KM-A20.8; CT-433. 15.4 grams. Full pillars-and-waves and shield with A-P-8 and O-E-52, but thin and heavily corroded, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Jack Haskins collection, with special certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

100


Potosí, pillars-and-waves

390. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, post-transitional (Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 26.7 grams. Choice and uncorroded, with excellent full cross, full but slightly doubled pillars with nice full crown, attractively toned, top quality for this wreck. With original Marex certificate #91-8R-5054. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

391. Withdrawn.

392. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, .PH. at top.

S-

P37a; KM-21; CT-437. 23.9 grams. Big, solid flan with bold .PH. above

full but slightly off-center pillars, good full cross, but all lightly corroded and with patchy toning. With original Marex certificate #918R-1231. Estimate: $200-$300.

393. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1653E, sideways 4, PH at top. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-741. 12.4 grams. Bold date between full pillars with rotated denomination, full cross with second date below, lightly toned all over, minor corrosion. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Bogotá 394. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 1652(PoRAS or PoRMS), rare, ex-Haskins collection. S-B7; R-M46; KM-7.1. 16.5 grams. Bold full pillars with clear date, bold and full but doublestruck shield, nicely toned but corroded all over. Pedigreed to the Jack Haskins collection, with special certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville harbor

395. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT343. 25.0 grams. Very odd-shaped flan with good full waves and full

POTOSI in legend, good full cross, no corrosion at all, lightly toned fields, small edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

396. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT344. 26.2 grams. Solid and uncorroded but with much flatness and

doubling, 3 dates, 2 bold mintmarks and assayers. Estimate: $250$375.

Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Isla de Muerto, Ecuador

397. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT420. 23.0 grams. Good full pillars and cross, 3 assayers, not as corroded as most. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110312. Estimate: $125$200.

398. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1665E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT429. 19.5 grams. Full but doubled pillars with bold second date in legend, third date below corroded cross. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110314. Estimate: $125-$200.

399. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT346. 16.0 grams. Good full pillars with bold date, heavily corroded cross, somewhat thin. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110323. Estimate: $125-$200.

400. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1672E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT347. 17.3 grams. Squarish flan with much flatness and corrosion wear,

double-struck, 2 partial dates. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110311. Estimate: $125-$200.

102


401. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT352. 18.1 grams. Broad but thin (corroded) flan with full but doubled

404. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT-

pillars, cross mostly bold with P to left and E to right, 3 weak dates. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110310. Estimate: $125-$200.

bold full waves, good full cross (partially weak), solid and mostly uncorroded but somewhat flat. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110317. Estimate: $125-$200.

357. 18.7 grams. Interesting shape with sharp point, full pillars and

402. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT- 405. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 18.8 grams. Bold full pillars and waves, good full cross, typically

357. 22.6 grams. Nice crown above good full pillars despite light

corroded and thin around the edges but better than average. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110319. Estimate: $125-$200.

corrosion, full but partially weak cross, bold assayer C. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110315. Estimate: $125-$200.

406. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT403. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 24.5 grams. Nice full cross-lions-castles, full but doubled pillars with clear date and assayer, weak around the edge but better than most. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110320. Estimate: $125-$200.

357. 21.8 grams. Round, thick flan with bold full pillars-and-waves

(slightly doubled) with bold date and assayer, full cross with weaker quadrants, light corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110313. Estimate: $125-$200.

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407. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 15.1 grams. Large edge-split and thin from corrosion but with

bold C above waves, PERV in legend, good cross with P to left, C to right and date below, (C)AROLV(S) in legend. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110318. Estimate: $125-$200.

410. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V.

S-P39; KM-26; CT359. 19.3 grams. Good centers but peripheries extensively flat except

for third date in legend, one big edge-split and several tiny ones, minimal corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110321. Estimate: $125-$200.

408. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT- 411. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. 357. 20.6 grams. Lemon-shaped flan with full but doubled pillars-and-

S-P39; KM-26; CT359. 20.3 grams. Excellent full pillars-and-waves, full cross also but all

waves, full but messy cross, corroded all over. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110322. Estimate: $125-$200.

lightly corroded. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110316. Estimate: $125-$200.

409. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 16.5 grams. Thin around the edges from corrosion but with bold full pillars-and-waves, nearly full but doubled cross, somewhat toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110324. Estimate: $125-$200.

412. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-26; CT361. 19.3 grams. Bold full pillars (slightly doubled) with two bold

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assayers, nearly full cross with third assayer to right inside of bold CARO(LVS), thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

104


Spanish 1681 Fleet off Porto Bello, Panama

413. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E, with large clump on which it was once attached. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350. Coin: 22.6 grams; Clump: 483 grams, 4-3/4" x 3" x 2-3/4". Corroded but well-detailed coin (still dark) with bold date and good full cross, now separated from iron-oxide matrix (spike remnants) that shows a clear reverse impression of the coin in black. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $300-$450. 414. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT-357. 26.7 grams. Solid and corrosionfree but peripherally flat, with bold centers, edge-split, rare provenance. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225. 415. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1672E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-599. 6.0 grams. Full cross and pillars with bold third date in legend, patchy toning and encrustation, rare provenance. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

416. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM46; CT-280. 14.2 grams. Bold full date (rare thus), full but corroded

shield and cross, somewhat thin but well detailed. Estimate: $350$500.

417. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM46; CT-280. 26.4 grams. Corrosion-free, with clear date and oML and most of cross but rest of coin flat (including the entire shield), lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

105


418. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer L or not visible. 130.6 grams total. Interesting shapes, decent details (good crosses) despite light corrosion and wear. Estimate: $350-$500.

419. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible (L), all interesting shapes. 120.3 grams total. Desirable lot as containing some of the strangest shapes imaginable, with points, void, splits and bends that defy all logic, all lightly

corroded but solid and with discernible details. Estimate: $300-$450.

420. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer L where visible, all interesting shapes. 99.3 grams total. Crazy shapes, mostly elongated but otherwise indescribable, typically corroded but with clear crosses and/or shields and one with full

oML. Estimate: $300-$450.

421. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all interesting shapes. 84.0 grams total. Matching group of elongated rectangles with typical wear and corrosion but recognizable shields and crosses. Estimate: $250-$375.

422. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)80(L), rare. SM21; KM-unl (39); CT-477. 9.8 grams. Interesting shape (square with lots of small splits), full but weak cross and shield, very weak but certain date, clear denomination 4, silvery. Estimate: $50-$75.

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(GROUP-LOT PHOTOS ON THESE PAGES SLIGHTLY REDUCED)

107


Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

423. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible, encrusted onto a chunk of crud. 72.4 grams. Worn but solid coin with off-center cross showing, darkly toned, the other side completely embedded in brown-orange sediment with rounded cavity where there used to be an iron cannonball. Estimate: $125$200.

424. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1685R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-228. 25.1 grams. Solid flan with bold date, full and bold CAROLVS II and LIMA in legend, toned, some flatness. Estimate: $200-$300.

425. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1699R. S-L14; KM-24; CT-245. 26.6 grams. Choice full pillars with bold date, full but doubled cross with partial second date, toned and corrosion-free. Estimate: $175$250.

426. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1700H. S-L15; KM-23; CT-462. 7.8 grams. Thin and pitted from corrosion but with bold full pillars-

and-waves, good but off-center cross, partial second date, toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

427. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-P39; KM-26; CT366. 24.3 grams. Broad, round flan with full pillars and cross, full POTOSI in legend, lightly corroded and some weak spots, silvery. Estimate: $100-$150.

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108


DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland

428. Promotional set of one gold ducat (Utrecht, United Netherlands, 1711), one portrait ducatoon (Flanders, Spanish Netherlands, 1662) and one “rider” ducatoon (Utrecht, United Netherlands, 1711), in a custom woodand-glass box. 3.5, 30.6 and 31.9 grams, the case 9-1/4" x 6-1/4" x 1". Nicer coins than usual, the ducat a lustrous UNC with full knight’s head and the two ducatoons attractively toned and only lightly corroded, all housed in a promotional case engraved with a ship and “Treasure of the ‘DeLiefde’ Sunk November 7, 1711.” In custom promotional box (hinged, glass-top) with certificate. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

429. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)713(J). S-M22; KM-47; CT-742. 27.1 grams. Thick, solid and uncorroded, with clear date and oM, good full cross, richly toned all over, just a bit worn. Estimate: $250-$375.

430. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1714J, exGoodpaster collection. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 27.0 grams. Solid and uncorroded but with much flatness, full date and oMJ, most of cross, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the estate of Karl H. Goodpaster (Real Eight conservator). Estimate: $350-$500.

431. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14J, exGoodpaster collection. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 26.1 grams. Great full shield (slightly doubled) and cross, full and bold oMJ and denomination 8, clear bottom of 4 of date, very solid flan (no corrosion), richly toned. Pedigreed to the estate of Karl H. Goodpaster (Real Eight conservator), and to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #481. Estimate: $250-$375.

109


432. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(J), exGoodpaster collection. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 25.7 grams. Good but off-center details resulting in extensive flatness to one side but corrosion-free and with clear date, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the estate of Karl H. Goodpaster (Real Eight conservator). Estimate: $200-$300.

435. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1714J), distinctive fine style. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 25.2 grams. Superb full shield and cross but not much else due to flatness (uncorroded), attractive. Estimate: $125-$200.

436. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, ex-Goodpaster collection. KM-47. 26.6 grams.

433. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1714J. S-M22; KM- Choice full shield, good full cross, no corrosion, lightly toned in

47; CT-743. 25.3 grams. Full shield and cross but distractingly toned, solid and uncorroded, weak but certain date. Estimate: $150-$225.

crevices only, very thick and solid. Pedigreed to the estate of Karl H. Goodpaster (Real Eight conservator), and to our Auction #3, with original lottag #512. Estimate: $200-$300.

434. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (171)4J. S-M22; KM47; CT-743. 25.5 grams. Odd shape, darkly toned and somewhat worn

but not really corroded, 4 of date clear. Estimate: $125-$200.

437. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, with original Real Eight Co./Mel Fisher certificate. KM-47. 24.6 grams. Rectangular flan with nearly full shield and cross, corrosion on part of edge only, lightly toned. With 1967 Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Mel Fisher. Estimate: $125-$200.

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438. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, with original Real Eight Co./Mel Fisher certificate. KM-47. 26.5 grams. Thick and solid flan (no corrosion), with most of shield and crown, nearly full cross, patchy toning on fields. With 1967 Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Mel Fisher. Estimate: $125-$200.

439. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible but distinctive fine style of 1714 only. S-M22; KM47; CT-743. 26.1 grams. Very choice, well-centered full shield and cross but nothing else, no corrosion, deeply toned all over, interesting shape. Pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #492. Estimate: $150$225.

440. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J. S-M22; KM-47. 23.6 grams. Large, rectangular flan with nearly full shield and cross but somewhat corroded. Estimate: $70-$100.

441. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-47. 181.9 grams total. Five solid coins (no

corrosion) and three a bit thin from corrosion, but all with clear shields and crosses, a couple dark as uncleaned. Estimate: $400-$600.

111


442. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible, all with Fisher cards and two with certificates. KM-47. 24.3, 22.6 and 19.4 grams. Moderately corroded (Grades 2, 3 and 4) but with clear shields and crosses, one a bit toned. With original Fisher cards #CB-84-299, 242964 and 10005, the last two with original certificates as well. Estimate: $200-$300.

443. Lot of 2 encrusted Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-47. 51.2 grams total. Uncleaned “blackies� with shell bits and mostly dark encrustation, solid coins, all details obscured. Estimate: $150-$225.

444. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1714/3(J), very rare. S-M22; KM-unl (40); CT-unl. 10.4 grams. Broad, thin flan with bold full date (the overdate quite certain), nearly full shield and cross, light corrosion. Estimate: $500-$750.

445. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1714(J). S-M22; KM-40; CT-1019. 8.7 grams. Full date, light toning, moderate corrosion all over. With original Fisher card #243274. Estimate: $125-$200.

446. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (171)4(J). S-M22; KM-40; CT-1019. 12.9 grams. Long, rectangular flan with bold 4 of date, weak but uncorroded shield and cross, deeply toned all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

447. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer J (where visible), ex-Goodpaster collection. S-M22; KM-40. 63.3 grams total. Solid and corrosion-free except for the one that happens to have a full cross, shield and oMJ, the others with clear details too, one oddly doubled on both sides (somewhat rare for this type) and darkly toned. From the Karl Goodpaster collection, with photocertificate. Estimate: $300-$450. 448. Lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer J (where visible). S-M22; KM-40. 593 grams total. Nearly all solid coins with minimal corrosion, mostly decent crosses and shields, a few with toning. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

449. Lot of 15 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4R and 2R, Charles II and Philip V, one with assayer J visible. 103.3 grams total. All (except for one silvery sliver) worn and corroded but the fields darkly re-toned, the details resultantly clear. Estimate: $400-$600.

450. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. 3.8 grams. Thin from corrosion but with nice full shield and nearly full cross, rectangular shape. Estimate: $50-$75.

451. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, (1)714J. S-M22; KM-30; CT-1571. 3.1 grams. Clear date (rare), nearly full cross but rest of coin weakly struck, no corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

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113


Whydah, sunk in 1717 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts 452. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (171)4(J), very rare and desirable provenance. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 24.5 grams. Nearly full but

somewhat weak shield, full but doubled cross, clear mintmark and partial date, lightly toned, curious shape, first specimen from this wreck we have been able to offer in many years (first in our auctions), and the first ever that we have seen with official museum tag, highly desirable as the only true pirate-ship treasure ever salvaged. An interesting note: Evidence indicates that nearly all of the coins from the Whydah were originally lost on the 1715 Fleet and looted by Sam Bellamy or other pirates in the intervening period. With original museum tag #58300 from Maritime Explorations, Inc. / Whydah Project. Estimate: $400-$600.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands 453. Lot of 3 Zeeland, United Netherlands, 2 stuivers, 1724, important as the key to identifying the wreck. KM-59. 3.5 grams total. Toned, lightly corroded but well-detailed small coins (thin) that were the first items recovered from the wreck with the 1724 date and Zeeland mark, thereby identifying it as a 1724 from that province. With certificates from the salvager (Sténuit). Estimate: $250$375.

Sea Horse, sunk in 1728 in the River Plate off Uruguay

454. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare. SP43b; KM-35; CT-26. 26.1 grams. Darkly toned but solid and corrosionfree, with bold central details, 2 dates, very small parts of king’s name and ordinal in legend, very rare provenance. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

455. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)733(F), rare. SM26; KM-47a; CT-766. 26.5 grams. Very thick flan with impressively

bold date (final date of Mexican cobs), super cross, light toning, no corrosion. With generic (Ponterio) certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

457. Clump of two Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales “blackies,” one with full 1732 date visible, with two Chinese porcelain (Kangxi) shards in the encrustation. 61.9 grams. Unique conglomeration of cobs and porcelain, very much oxidized but not crumbling. Estimate: $250-$375.

456. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 21.0 to 23.7 grams each. Corroded and silvery but with some recognizable details. With certificates #9693-8 from the salvager. Estimate: $350-$500.

458. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F.

S-M27; KM-48; CT-767. 22.9 grams. Typically well-detailed full shield and cross

(the latter highlighted by contrasting toning), lightly corroded all over. Estimate: $350-$500.

459. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F, very rare first date of issue. CT-774; KM-103. 22.6 grams. Pillars side corroded but with date discernible, mostly uncorroded shield side with bold assayer F and denomination 8, lightly toned. With certificate #9692 from the salvager. Estimate: $300-$450.

Unidentified 1700s wreck in the Florida Keys 460. Lot of 3 cob 8R totally cocooned in encrustation. 20.2 to 24.8 grams each. Three gray “biscuits” of thick gray and white

encrusted coins, no details visible but at least one of them solid. With certificates #9689-91 from the salvager. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands

461. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734, in original box. KM-80. 32.4 grams. Superb specimen, lustrous

464. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734. KM-80. 32.3 grams. Lustrous Mint State with faint rainbow

and completely uncorroded, also attractively toned and well struck, one of the nicest shipwreck silver coins we have ever sold. Housed in small blue box and with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250$375.

toning, choice details, tiny trace of surface corrosion and one dark spot. Estimate: $150-$225.

462. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 465. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734. KM-80. 32.4 grams. Uncorroded Mint State with muted luster and uneven toning, choice details. Estimate: $150-$225.

1734. KM-80. 32.4 grams. Toned Mint State with muted luster, 100% corrosion-free, with choice details. Estimate: $150-$225.

463. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 466. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734. KM-80. 32.5 grams. Lustrous and rainbow-toned, with choice

1734. KM-80. 32.6 grams. Lustrous and rainbow-toned Mint State, no

Mint State details, no corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

corrosion, choice details. Estimate: $150-$225.

116


Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England Cobs

467. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1727D, rare.

SM23a; KM-47; CT-753. 26.2 grams. Large, squarish flan with bold oMD

and final digit of date, slightly doubled cross and shield, the latter with natural pit (as made), spots of dark toning, no corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

468. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)29R. S-M24; KM-47a; CT-754. 26.6 grams. Thick, solid, uncorroded flan with bold oMR and clear date, full but weak cross. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

469. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)729R.

S-M24;

KM-47a; CT-754. 26.7 grams. Choice full cross, bold oM and date, light

toning, minimal corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

470. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. 26.1 grams. Crude strike and flan, no corrosion but much flatness, toned. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $70$100.

471. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-47a. 79.6 grams total. Full oMR and good full shields and crosses, partial dates on two, minimal corrosion, very solid coins. With original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $375-$525.

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472. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-47a. 78.3 grams. Solid coins with minimal corrosion, one with curious natural void (small), that one with choice full cross and shield and clear oMR, the others with partial dates in addition to the oMR (weaker). With original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $375-$525.

473. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-47a. 79.3 grams. Solid coins with minimal corrosion, full oMR and partial dates, two with good full crosses and shields. With original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $375-$525.

474. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4R, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-40a. 26.5 grams total. Solid and uncorroded coins with good crosses, one with bold oMR. With original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

475. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4R, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-40a. 25.5 grams total. Bold oMR on both, decent crosses, one with light corrosion. With original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Pillars

476. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF.

479. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

CT-776; KM-103. 25.4 grams. Broad flan with bold XF details despite

light corrosion, silvery, scarce second date of issue. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $400-$600.

CT-778; KM-103. 25.5 grams. Bold XF details with very light toning, minimal surface corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

477. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF.

480. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

CT-776; KM-103. 25.9 grams. Bold XF details, somewhat corroded in

CT-779; KM-103. 26.4 grams. Crisp AU details despite very light surface

places, small bits of encrustation, scarce second date of issue. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $400-$600.

pitting, spots of toning. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

478. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

481. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

CT-778; KM-103. 26.8 grams. Choice XF details with deep toning on

CT-779; KM-103. 26.1 grams. Choice for salvage, near AU details and

shield side and on most of pillars side, no corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

nice strike, attractively toned, no corrosion, small natural flaw in rim. With original certificate from the salvagers, pedigreed to our auction #4, with original lot-tag #553. Estimate: $200-$300.

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482. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

486. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

CT-780; KM-103. 26.7 grams. Nicely toned AU, struck slightly off-center,

CT-780; KM-103. 26.5 grams. Bold XF, no corrosion, toned around

no corrosion, bold details, quite attractive. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

details. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

487. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. CT-780; KM-103. 26.8 grams. Near AU, no corrosion, with spotty toning

483. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. CT-780; KM-103. 26.9 grams. Broad flan, bold XF details, no corrosion,

but bold details. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250$375.

lightly toned around details. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

488. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. CT-780; KM-103. 26.6 grams. Lustrous, silvery AU with no corrosion,

484. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

slightly uneven strike. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

CT-780; KM-103. 26.5 grams. Near AU with toning around details,

virtually no corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

485. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. CT-780; KM-103. 26.8 grams. Lustrous and corrosion-free AU with light

golden toning. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250$375.

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489. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. CT-781; KM-103. 26.5 grams. Toned XF/AU, no corrosion, dark spot

on pillars side. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250$375.

490. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. CT-781; KM-103. 26.6 grams. Nicely toned XF/AU with crude pillars-

side rim (as made), no corrosion, some luster. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

491. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. CT-781; KM-103. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU with patchy toning, no

corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250$375.

492. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. CT-1052; KM-94. 10.1 grams. Thin from corrosion and silvery from

cleaning but with bold details. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

493. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

494. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF.

CT-780; KM-103. 26.1 grams. XF details, matte surfaces, toned fields, no corrosion. Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-790; KM-103. 26.5 grams. Steel-gray surfaces with muted luster in

fields, no corrosion, XF details. Estimate: $250-$375.

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495. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. CT-791; KM-103. 25.2 grams. Bold XF details despite light corrosion,

lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

496. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. CT-791; KM-103. 25.6 grams. Bold but lightly corroded XF with minor

rim-flaws, lightly toned all over. With Art of Money photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

497. Lot of 4 Guatemala, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J (where visible). KM-6. 105.1 grams total. Solid coins with light surface corrosion here and there, nicely toned, all with clear pillars-and-worlds but dates off the planchet, somewhat scarce as a group. Estimate: $250-$375.

498. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-103. 24.5 grams. Bold XF details but rims corroded (and one small

piece missing), toned around details. Estimate: $125-$200.

499. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. CT-790; KM-103. 155.2 grams total. All moderately corroded but with clear details, particularly the dates, a couple slightly wavy, with mostly contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

(photo reduced) 122


500. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF. CT-793; KM-103. 26.3 grams. Typically attractively toned and nicely

detailed, with just some small pits of corrosion on the pillars side, XF otherwise. Estimate: $150-$225.

501. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF. CT-793; KM-103. 26.0 grams. Deeply toned, XF details, with spots of

corrosion but solid overall. Estimate: $150-$225.

502. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1743/ 2MF. CT-794; KM-103. 26.8 grams. Choice specimen with no corrosion, attractive toning, AXF for actual wear, clear overdate. Estimate: $350$500.

Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

503. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1742V, choice and Royal-like. S-L22; KM-33A; CT-992. 12.3 grams. Incredibly well-detailed full cross and pillars, 3 assayers, 100% corrosion-free, lightly toned and attractive, one of the best Lima cob 4R you will ever see, let alone from a wellknown shipwreck with original certification! With original Collado photo-certificate #109-PB. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique, east of Africa

(photo reduced) 504. Clump of 35-40 Zeeland, Netherlands, copper duits, 1752. KM-152.2. 177.0 grams. Very attractive display of solid coins with good details encrusted together with tan and green sediment, very densely packed but not in stacks. Estimate: $250-$375.

505. Lot of 6 Zeeland, Netherlands, copper duits, 1752, four of them in silver necklace bezels. KM-152.2. 25.5 grams total. Typical specimens with light corrosion and small patches of encrustation (on some), mostly darkly toned, great lot for resale. Estimate: $100-$150.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada 506. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756JM. CT-315; KM-55.1. 23.9 grams. Bold XF details but lightly corroded,

patchy gray and black toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified late-1700s wreck 507. Zeeland, Netherlands, 6 stuivers, 1765. KM-90.2. 3.4 grams. Popular typecoin with ship on one side, darkly toned but nearly corrosion-free, XF details. Estimate: $40-$60.

Nicobar, sunk in 1783 off South Africa (photos reduced) 508. Swedish copper “plate money” 2 dalers, Fredrik I, 1742. KM-PM71. 1424 grams, 6-3/4" x 5-3/4". Choice specimen with practically no corrosion, all stamps full and clear, with bold date and monogram and crown, darkly toned, all 4 corners clipped in its time. Estimate: $300-$450.

509. Swedish copper “plate money” 1/2 daler, Fredrik I, 1726. KM-PM65. 359.0 grams, 4" square. Small but well-preserved example with minimal corrosion, all 5 stamps full and clear, attractive bronze color all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans

510. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1744M. KM-85. 5.3 grams. Bold pillars side (Fine), corroded shield side, no toning. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $50-$75.

511. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757M, crowns alike. CT-497; KM-86.1. 4.1 grams. Corroded pillars, better shield, Fine details, no toning. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $60-$90.

512. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757M, crowns alike. CT-497; KM-86.1. 4.8 grams. Lightly toned, with corrosion mostly around edge, Fine details. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $50-$75.

513. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1765M. CT1545; KM-77. 2.0 grams. Good pillars side (VF details, small spot of red in

center) but shield side corroded. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $40-$60.

514. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1766M. CT1546; KM-77. 3.0 grams. VF details, nearly corrosion-free, patchy toning. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $40-$60.

515. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 516. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. CT-933; KM-106.2. 23.1 grams. Typically silvery and lightly

1783FF. CT-933; KM-106.2. 24.2 grams. Polished to a shine but solid

corroded but with all details clear (VF). With certificate #9686 from the salvager. Estimate: $70-$100.

and with light corrosion only (mostly around edge), VF details overall. With certificate #9685 from the salvager. Estimate: $60-$90.

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125


517. Large clump of 73(+/-) Spanish colonial bust 8 reales, Charles III. KM-106.2. 1827 grams. Massive conglomeration of several short stacks of coins at all angles, totally uncleaned and with predominant colors of green, gray, tan and white, including a few small oyster shells and worms, a very natural, attractive and impressive display that is rarely encountered due to the irresistible urge to take such things apart to look for rarities! Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

518. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. CT-933; KM-106.2. 115.6 grams total. VF details, light to moderate corrosion, typical specimens. Estimate: $250-$375.

126


519. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. CT-1350; KM-88.2. 4.7 grams. Lightly corroded but some sharp details (VF overall) and lustrous here and there. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $60-$90.

520. Small clump of 10 Spanish colonial bust 2 reales, Charles III, in an offset stack. KM-88.2. 70.2 grams. Solid coins, all completely encrusted except for the top one, which shows a welldetailed and high grade reverse, large oyster shell near bottom, a compact and presentable display. Estimate: $350-$500.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 off Cornwall, England

521. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT344. 25.3 grams. Typically dark and grainy, with flat spots but no overt

corrosion, 2 bold dates, full but weak pillars and cross. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

522. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT350. 27.1 grams. Darkly toned but uncorroded, 3 full dates, full waves and cross, somewhat crudely struck. With certificate. Estimate: $275$400.

523. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1681V.

S-P39; KM-26; CT363. 26.1 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates, king’s

ordinal II, not much contrast but no corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

127


Unidentified late-1700s wreck in the English Channel 524. Lot of 17 British and French copper/brass/ bronze coins and tokens of the late 1700s (mostly George III and Louis XV and XVI). 59.9 grams total. All worn and/or corroded but some with enough detail to attribute, some possibly scarce. Estimate: $60-$90.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 southeast of England

525. Lot of 3 British East India Co. copper XX cash, 1808. KM-321. 27.8 grams total. Choice, corrosion-free specimens with Mint State details (even lustrous), original copper color, best you can get. Estimate: $100-$150.

526. Lot of 29 British East India Co. copper X cash, 1808, two of which are in a clump. KM-319. 133.5 grams total. Solid coins with minimal corrosion but not fully cleaned, the two in a clump with thick encrustation, great lot for resale. Estimate: $125-$200.

527. Lot of 2 British East India Co. copper X cash, 1808, mounted arms-side out in silver necklace bezels. KM-319. 17.8 grams total. Nice specimens, uncorroded but not completely cleaned, in standard-sized mountings. Estimate: $50-$75.

128


Unidentified early-1800s wreck off Cรกdiz, Spain

528. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818JP. CT486; KM-117.1. 21.5 grams. Deeply brown-toned all over, clear details (Fine) despite light corrosion, still rather solid. Estimate: $50-$75.

Unidentified mid-1800s wreck in the English Channel

529. Great Britain, shilling, George III, 1816. Sp-3790; KM666. 4.8 grams. Heavily worn (Good/Poor) and scratched but fully

attributable and nicely toned, also no corrosion. Estimate: $35-$50.

530. Great Britain, sixpence, Victoria, 1858.

Sp-3908; KM733.1. 2.6 grams. Lightly toned VG/F, no corrosion, fully readable.

Estimate: $35-$50.

531. Lot of 21 copper/bronze British and Dutch coins of the late 1700s and early 1800s (George III-Victoria, William I-II). 91.7 grams total. Mostly solid coins with light to moderate corrosion, much green encrustation (uncleaned) through which fairly clear details can be discerned, good lot for further study and cleaning. Estimate: $35-$50.

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Silver Cobs of Mexico City, Mexico Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

532. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, M to right, with old envelope. S-M9; KM-12; CT-114. 6.1 grams. Richly old-toned XF with full inner details (nicely struck) and some legend despite probable old (light) clipping. With ca. 1890s-1920s hand-written envelope. Estimate: $150-$225.

533. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-9; CT-145. 3.3 grams. Thin and perfectly round, well-struck VF, somewhat silvery but starting

to tone and with spot of encrustation on edge. With certificate from a jeweler in Cayman. Estimate: $60$90.

534. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.3 grams. Bold full inner details, slightly crude legends (as made) with hairline split, nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $150-$225.

535. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right, with old envelope. S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.2 grams. Full legends and inner details, richly old-toned AVF, tiny edge-splits. With ca. 1890s-1920s hand-written envelope. Estimate: $100-$150.

536. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, assayer O to right. CT-150; KM-9. 3.6 grams. Broad flan with parts of legend bold, good full shield, full pillars, VF with toning in crevices. Estimate: $75-$100.

Shield-type

537. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)614/3(F), very rare. S-M17; KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. 26.8 grams. Bold 14/3 of date (only specimen we know of), full oM and denomination 8 flanking full shield, decent full cross, solid VF with patchy toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of 9/05, lot 414. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

538. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)19F, very rare (unlisted), with chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. 27.4 grams. Clear bottom of 19 of date and certain oMF (unlisted date for this assayer), bold denomination 8, full but somewhat weak shield and cross-andtressure, silvery Fine with an interesting variety of chops. Estimate: $125-$200.

130


542. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652P, with tiny 539. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)29D, rare. S- chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45; M18a; KM-45; CT-323. 27.2 grams. Bold date, full shield and cross, crude

CT-356. 27.6 grams. Bold oMP and 8, nearly full shield and cross, weak

flan (very uneven thickness), Fine overall with some dark spots. Estimate: $125-$200.

but certain date, non-toned VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

543. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (165)2(P), with 540. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1632(D), rare. S- chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. M18a; KM-45; CT-326. 27.4 grams. Very bold date, crude (mostly flat)

S-M19; KM-45; CT-356. 24.8 grams. Good full shield and cross, non-

shield and cross, uneven thickness, silvery VG. Estimate: $500-$750.

toned VF, with small part of edge wrenched off, leaving a stressfracture hole. Estimate: $90-$135.

541. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)652/1(P). S-M19; KM-45; CT-352. 26.6 grams. Bold date with clear overdate, crude strike

544. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652P. S-M19; KM-

(much flatness), Fine with edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250.

45; CT-356. 27.3 grams. Big flan but crude strike (mostly flat), with

oMP and 8 visible, most of shield and cross, About Fine with little contrast. Estimate: $80-$120.

131


545. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653P, with testcuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45; CT-358. 27.3 grams. Full date, bold oMP, full shield and cross, small edge-split,

548. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1655P, ex-Pullin

round flan, low-contrast Fine. Estimate: $250-$375.

Ohio?), with full date and oMP, nearly full shield and cross, lowcontrast AVF. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and to Ponterio auction #89 (lot 764). Estimate: $275-$400.

collection. S-M19; KM-45; CT-362. 27.3 grams. Odd shape (state of

546. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653P, with testcuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45; CT-358.

549. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1656P. S-M19; KM-

27.2 grams. Choice bold date and oMP, nice full cross, off-center shield,

45; CT-363. 26.4 grams. Superb specimen with 100% full and bold date,

egregious test-cuts but attractive VF+ overall. Estimate: $100-$150.

full oMP, good full shield, spectacular full cross, lightly toned VF, just about all you could hope for in a cob! Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of 2/95, lot 526. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

547. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654/3P.

S-M19; KM-45; CT-359. 26.9 grams. Bold full date and oMP, full shield and

most of cross, but very crude edge and uneven thickness (as made), Fine overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

550. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1656P, unspecified salvage. S-M19; KM-45; CT-363. 25.2 grams. Full and bold date, full shield and cross, denomination 8 and king’s ordinal IIII, just silvery and lightly corroded all over, otherwise AVF. Estimate: $275-$400.

132


551. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1657/6P, rare. SM19; KM-45; CT-364. 27.5 grams. Super full shield and oMP, clear bottom half of date, full cross, Fine with dark, contrasting sediment on fields, first specimen of this overdate we have seen. Estimate: $250-$375.

553. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 27.4 grams. Odd shape (as made), full cross and shield and oMP, old-toned Fine. Estimate: $75-$110.

554. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (P). S-M19; KM-45. 26.3 grams. Very curious shape but

552. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)58P, with

unevenly thick, with much flatness, still most of shield and cross, deeply old-toned with orange sediment. Estimate: $90-$135.

chopmarks and cuts as from circulation in the Orient. SM19; KM-45; CT-366. 22.9 grams. Odd shape with piece of edge

wrenched off, bold date and oMP, full shield and cross, low-contrast About Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

555. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, with partially visible dates in the 1640s, assayer P, most with chopmarks and/ or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 82.4 grams total. Solid coins of decent

grade (F-VF) and with good shields and/or crosses, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

133


556. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, with partially visible dates in the 1640s, assayer P, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 80.8 grams total. Good details, F-VF on average, solid coins, one very oddly shaped, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

557. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, with partially visible dates in the 1650s, assayer P, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 82.3 grams total. One coin with cross side veritably sprinkled with tiny chops, the other two with good full shields and crosses, F-VF overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

558. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM45. 79.5 grams total. Odd shapes, generally good full crosses

and shields, F-VF overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

134


559. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 79.5 grams total. Solid coins, from Fine to VF+ in terms of

circulation wear, generally good shields and crosses, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

560. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 81.7 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, F-VF overall,

tiny chops only. Estimate: $200-$300.

561. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 81.3 grams total. Nice full shields and crosses, bold oMP, AVF on average. Estimate: $200-$300.

135


562. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayers D and P where visible, interesting shapes, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 132.6 grams. Very interesting coins with good details, F-VF

overall, some lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

(photos reduced)

563. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, both chopped and cut as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19; KM-45. 20.3 and 14.9 grams. Cut-down coins with fair details (About Fine or so), one shiny and bent with tiny chops. Estimate: $70-$100.

564. Huge lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, most with assayer P visible, many with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 1325 grams total. A fun and interesting lot of solid, welldetailed pieces of eight, almost all of them chopped and/or cut and lightly cleaned, with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

136


565. Huge lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales,

567. Huge lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales,

Philip IV, most with assayer P visible, many with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 1343 grams total. A fun and interesting lot of solid, well-

Philip IV, most with assayer P visible, many with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 1343 grams total. A fun and interesting lot of solid, well-

detailed pieces of eight, almost all of them chopped and/or cut and lightly cleaned, with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

detailed pieces of eight, almost all of them chopped and/or cut and lightly cleaned, with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

(photos reduced)

566. Huge lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales,

568. Huge lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales,

Philip IV, most with assayer P visible, many with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 1319 grams total. A fun and interesting lot of solid, well-

Philip IV, most with assayer P visible, many with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 1333 grams total. A fun and interesting lot of solid, well-

detailed pieces of eight, almost all of them chopped and/or cut and lightly cleaned, with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

detailed pieces of eight, almost all of them chopped and/or cut and lightly cleaned, with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

137


569. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1668G, rare. S-M20; KM-46; CT-269. 27.0 grams. Bold oMG and denomination 8 flanking full shield with clear date and parts of king’s name and ordinal (Charles II) in legend, good full cross, nicely toned Fine. Estimate: $400$600.

570. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV or Charles II, assayer not visible (1660s). 27.6 grams. Full but weak crown and shield and cross, About Fine overall with little contrast. Estimate: $70-$100.

572. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680(L). S-M21; KM46; CT-280. 22.8 grams. Very odd shape with bold 16 but weak 80 of

date, bold oM, decent cross, toned Fine with extensive flatness, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.

573. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (169)1(L), rare. SM21; KM-46; CT-291. 26.0 grams. Thick, squarish flan with one point

slightly bent, clear 1 of date, part of shield and cross, mostly flat but otherwise AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

571. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1679L. S-M21; KM46; CT-279. 27.1 grams. Typically crude (mostly flat) but with clear date, bold full oML, good cross, Fine with light toning, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $500-$750.

574. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer L. S-M21; KM-46. 26.4 grams. Interesting shape, typically weakly struck but with most of shield and cross visible as well as full assayer L, About Fine overall. Estimate: $100-$150.

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575. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. 25.3 grams. Very long, thin shape, with nearly full cross and shield despite typical weak strike and dark toning, part of edge bent, About Fine overall. Estimate: $70-$100.

577. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all interesting shapes. 79.3 grams total. One well-detailed AVF but the others crude VG, lightly toned,

the main attraction being the odd, indescribable shapes (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

576. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. 27.3 grams. Curious rectangle shape with old hole (plus an attempt) at one end, most of shield and cross but nothing else visible, nicely old-toned Fine. Estimate: $60-$90.

578. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer L (1702-5). S-M21a; KM-47. 25.0 grams. Very odd and interesting shape, with nice full shield and nearly full cross, faint but certain assayer, attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

579. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, 17(14)J, distinctive fine style. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 23.0 grams. Very odd shape, with nearly full cross and shield, the latter small and finely detailed, flanked by oMJ and 8, darkly toned VG/F with light green sediment in crevices of cross. From a north African hoard. Estimate: $100-$150.

139


583. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM580. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1716J, rare. S-M22;

47a; CT-755. 25.8 grams. Very bold, full date and mintmark, nearly full

KM-47; CT-745. 27.0 grams. Full and bold date, clear oMJ, but very

but off-center shield, good full cross, VF with contrasting toning and light corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $200-$300.

weakly struck otherwise (VG or so) and little contrast (light tan sediment). Estimate: $500-$750.

584. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730R, ex-Pullin collection. S-M24; KM-47a; CT-755. 26.7 grams. Bold oMR, clear date,

581. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J most of shield, nice full cross, sharp but silvery VF. Pedigreed to the (style of 1716-24). S-M22; KM-47. 26.7 grams. Bold full denomination

John Pullin collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

.8. outside of nearly full shield, most of cross, attractively toned VG, interesting shape. Estimate: $75-$110.

585. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1731F. S-M26; KM582. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 172(9)R.

S-M24;

KM-47a; CT-754. 25.4 grams. Off-center shield with full oMR to left

47a; CT-762. 27.0 grams. Choice bold date and oMF, nearly full shield and cross, well-detailed AVF with light toning, probably salvaged. Estimate: $275-$400.

just inside a bold date “172� followed by a dot (rendered that way by a not-so-obvious double-strike), nearly full but weak cross, Fine with greenish encrustation and small edge-split. Estimate: $100-$150.

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586. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732/1F.

S-M26;

KM-47a; CT-763. 26.7 grams. Impressively bold and full date and

mintmark, good cross, nicely toned, About Fine, curious shape. Estimate: $200-$300.

588. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM47a; CT-764. 26.4 grams. Full date and oMF, nearly full shield and cross, low-contrast Fine with tan sediment, odd shape. Estimate: $150$225.

587. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM- 589. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM47a; CT-764. 26.7 grams. Choice full cross, most of shield, clear date

and oMF, richly old-toned but a bit worn (VG). Estimate: $275$400.

47a; CT-764. 27.1 grams. Bold oMF and clear date, good cross, probably

no better than Fine but most of surface coated in green encrustation as from an unidentified hoard. Estimate: $125-$200.

590. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 161.0 grams total. Darkly toned with sea foam green patina in crevices, crudely worn and with only a little detail on each side but no worse than VG. From a north African hoard. Estimate: $300-$450. 141


591. Lot of 11 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, various periods (1600s-1700s), assayers not visible. 293.5 grams total. Big mix of periods and levels of conservation (VG-F overall), some corroded, some toned, some with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient, but all identifiable. Estimate: $600-$900.

142


592. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)610F, ex-Pullin collection. S-M17; KM-37.2; CT-230. 13.9 grams. Superb full shield and cross, clear date and mintmark, attractively toned XF, one edgesplit next to terrace-like planchet flaw (not modern damage). Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $275-$400.

593. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1632D/D, very rare. S-M18a; KM-38; CT-698. 14.0 grams. Odd shape and uneven thickness, with clear 163 and bottom of 2 of date, re-punched oMD, silvery VF with hairline edge-split. Estimate: $150-$225.

594. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1633D, very rare. S-M18a; KM-unl (38); CT-unl. 13.4 grams. Round flan with full 163 and

part of final 3 of date, full oMD, silvery Fine with flat areas and crude surfaces. Estimate: $150-$225.

595. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1654P, ex-Pullin collection. S-M19; KM-38; CT-710. 13.7 grams. Choice full cross, bold full 165 and clear 4 of date, full but doubled oMP, most of shield, richly rainbow-toned VF. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection (our auction #7, with original lot-tag #828), and to the Ponterio auction of January 14-15, 2005, with original lot-tag #480. Estimate: $300-$450.

596. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1655(P), ex-Pullin collection. S-M19; KM-38; CT-711. 12.7 grams. Bold full date, full cross and shield, deeply toned AVF but with small part of edge bent and gouged long ago. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

597. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, partially dated in the 1640s-50s, assayer P (where visible), most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 41.3 grams total. Good, solid coins with full crosses and clear shields, F-AVF overall. Estimate: $175-$250.

143


598. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, partially dated in the 1640s-50s, assayer P (where visible), most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 40.3 grams total. Somewhat crude but with clear shields and crosses (one double-struck, which is unusual), no toning, F-VF overall. Estimate: $175-$250.

599. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), nice round specimens, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 41.2 grams total. Decent crosses and shields, F-AVF overall, one with chopmark and one with test-cut. Estimate: $175-$250.

600. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), interesting shapes, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 39.3 grams total. Neat shapes, bold oMP’s, good crosses and shields, AVF overall, no toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

601. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), interesting shapes, all with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 40.1 grams total. Crude coins but two interestingly shaped and the third round with full shield and distinctive cross of the 1630s, F-AVF overall. Estimate: $175-$250.

144


602. Large lot of 25 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), some interesting shapes, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 337 grams total. Solid coins with generally good shields and crosses, many with cuts and a few with chops, AVF on average, a very fun and interesting lot for study or resale. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

603. Large lot of 25 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), some interesting shapes, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 339 grams total. Solid coins with generally good shields and crosses, many with cuts and a few with chops, AVF on average, a very fun and interesting lot for study or resale. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

604. Large lot of 25 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), some interesting shapes, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 341 grams total. Solid coins with generally good shields and crosses, many with cuts and a few with chops, AVF on average, a very fun and interesting lot for study or resale. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

605. Large lot of 25 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible), some interesting shapes, most with chopmarks and/or test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 336 grams total. Solid coins with generally good shields and crosses, many with cuts and a few with chops, AVF on average, a very fun and interesting lot for study or resale. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

(photos reduced, this page only)

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606. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, error struck with 8R shield-side die. 10.7 grams. Weak and off-center strike but with clear denomination 8 to right of shield, old-toned VG. Estimate: $90-$135.

607. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R, ex-Pullin collection. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 13.3 grams. Bold full date and oMR, good cross, lightly toned Fine with unusually round edge (as made). Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $250-$375. 608. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1730)G/R, rare. S-M25; KM-unl (40a); CT-unl. 13.2 grams. Bold full oMG with clear overassayer (rare in this denomination), toned Fine with flatness. Estimate: $125-$200.

(photos reduced) 609. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, various periods (Philip IV-Philip V), assayers not visible, interesting shapes. 53.0 grams total. Nice mix of types, the earliest one with good full shield and cross, two of the others oddly shaped (one with large bubble-void and the other with void in edge), F-VF overall, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

610. Lot of 18 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, various periods (Philip III-V), assayers not visible. 236.6 grams total. A little bit of everything: some interesting shapes, some nicely toned, some cut and/or chopmarked as from circulation in the Orient, some corroded as from salvage. Overall a solid lot, no worse than F on average and some with nice shields and/or crosses. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

611. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer A/F, with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. 6.8 grams. Full oMA, full and well-detailed shield and cross, the latter with old test-scratch and small chops, toned AVF with crude hole near edge. Estimate: $60-$90.

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612. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1610F, ex-Pullin collection, rare. S-M17; KM-unl (32.2); CT-344. 6.8 grams. Very full and bold date and oMF, good full shield and cross and most of crown, lightly toned AXF, nice round(ish) shape. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

613. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, (1)655P, ex-Pullin collection. S-M19; KM-33; CT-870. 4.4 grams. Clear date and mintmark, nearly full shield and cross truncated by light (old) clipping on edge, lightly toned AVF. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $200$300.

614. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, all with chopmarks and/or cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 32.3 grams total. Non-toned Fine on average, some good shields and/or crosses, decent details, clear chops and cuts, somewhat scarce on smaller denominations. Estimate: $200$300.

615. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1729R, rare. S-M24; KM-35a; CT-1263. 6.2 grams. Clear date and bold oMR, full cross and shield, most of crown, only Fine but contrastingly toned and well centered. Estimate: $200$300.

616. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, small cobs (one 2R and two 1R), Philip II to IV, various assayers (where visible). 13.1 grams. Good full crosses and nice toning, full shields, one with oMP visible, Fine on average, great lot for jewelry. Estimate: $150-$225.

617. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, oM to left, O to right. S-M11; KM-26; CT-643. 4.7 grams. Oddly overweight (unusual for this era), with good full cross and crown, full but partially flat shield with bold mintmark and assayer, Fine with contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $75-$110.

147


618. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, oM to left, F to right. S-M12; KM-unl (26); CT-unl. 3.5 grams. Richly toned AVF

623. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1730, assayer uncertain. KM-30. 2.9 grams. Cute shape with hole at point, most of

with weak spot on full shield and cross, bold assayer, full king’s name (much legend). Estimate: $75-$110.

crown and shield and cross, clear date and mintmark, contrastingly toned Fine. Estimate: $60-$90.

619. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1608/7F. S-M15; KM27.2; CT-unl. 2.5 grams. Bold date with clear overdate, decent cross but

624. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, 1655P, ex-Pullin collection, rare. S-M19; KM-unl (22); CT-unl. 1.3 grams. One hundred

flat shield, odd shape and loss of metal due to stripping of old hole at edge, toned VG overall. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #56 (lot 881). Estimate: $60-$90.

percent full date and oMP, full cross, round flan, non-toned About Fine with small hole. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

620. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1610F, ex-Pullin collection. S-M17; KM-27.2; CT-453. 3.4 grams. Full date and oMF,

625. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1721J.

full but partially flat shield and cross, broad-flan Fine with hairline edge-splits, minimal contrast. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and to Ponterio auctions #37 (lot 1868) and #134 (lot 354). Estimate: $350$500.

S-

M22; KM-R24; CT-1809. 1.4 grams. Deeply toned VF with nice details per the type, some legend off the planchet, aligned axes (medallic) with small hole at top. Estimate: $600-$900.

621. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1655(P), ex-Pullin collection, rare. S-M19; KM-unl (28); CT-unl. 3.3 grams. Clear date, most of shield and cross despite flat spots, nicely toned Fine+. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and to Ponterio auction #124 (lot 1810), with original lot-tag. Estimate: $200-$300.

626. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1722J.

SM22; KM-R24; CT-1810. 1.5 grams. Attractively toned AVF with typically

nice details, tiny hole at one end of the cross. Estimate: $600-$900.

627. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, 1730R, ex-Pullin and “Meseta Central” hoard. S-M24; KM-24a; CT-

622. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1730R, ex-Pullin collection. S-M24; KM-30; CT-1585. 3.4 grams. Full date and oMR,

1842. 1.7 grams. Bold date and oMR, nice

little cross, toned VF. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

good full cross, deeply toned Fine+. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Silver Cobs of Lima, Peru Early pillars type

628. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Rincón, motto as PL-VSV-TR, rare. S-L1; KM-8; CT-479. 5.7 grams. Salvaged but with bold details, including full but slightly doubled shield and crown and pillars, assayer R to left, some legend including king’s ordinal II, lightly corroded Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

629. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón. S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.2 grams. Bold crowned monogram, full but slightly doubled pillars with R to left, PHI- of king’s name in legend, salvaged AVF, toned but only minimally corroded, scarce. Estimate: $200$300.

630. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, very rare. S-L1; KM-1; CT-761. 0.7 gram. Choice specimen with 100% full legends and inner details, typically thin but NOT chipped or bent or corroded like most, nicely toned, AVF overall, one of the best we have seen. Estimate: $1,000-up.

Shield-type

631. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-146. 17.1 grams. Good full shield with bold *-oD to right, heavily corroded

cross (salvaged), VG overall, nicely toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

632. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-4 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-317. 13.2 grams. Huge round flan with bold full legends and choice full cross and crown and shield, bold P-oD, attractively toned AVF, holed at bottom of cross. Estimate: $200-$300.

633. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-489. 6.6 grams. Sharp AXF with slightly silvery surfaces, full shield and crown and cross, some legend, part of edge damaged long ago Estimate: $125-$200.

149


634. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-489. 6.0 grams. Lightly toned and slightly lustrous AVF with bold legends, full but weaker inner details, crude hole at very edge, Estimate: $100$150.

635. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-I to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.3

638. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P to left, * to right of monogram, no assayer mark, rare. S-L4; KM-5; CT-711. 1.2 grams. Bold full monogram and cross, with clear P and * but lacking the assayer entirely (per Sellschopp #137), lightly corroded (salvaged) Fine with darkly toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

grams. Good full shield and cross,

well detailed and with contrastingly dark toning, no legends, VF. Estimate: $70-$100.

639. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P to left, .D to right, * below monogram. S-L4; KM-5; CT-unl. 0.9 gram. Good full cross, full monogram and crown

636. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de

with clear P and .D but weak *, darkly toned and thin from corrosion (salvaged), Fine overall. Estimate: $60-$90.

la Torre, P to left, .D to right, v/upside-down v below monogram, rare. S-L4; KM-unl (5); CT-unl. 1.4 grams. Earliest issue with “star” below monogram crafted from small v-punches, full monogram and cross, much legend, toned fields, salvaged but uncorroded Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

640. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, * to left, P to right of castle. S-L4; KM-2; CT-768. 0.7 gram. Full castle with bold *, weaker lion, some legend, toned, lightly corroded Fine (salvaged). Estimate: $70-$100.

637. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P to left, .D to right, v/upside-down v below monogram, rare. S-L4; KM-unl (5); CT-unl. 1.3 grams. Choice full inner details and much legend, with “star” mintmark below monogram crafted from small v-punches, attractively toned VF, but holed near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

150

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“Star of Lima” type

641. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1660(V), “Star of Lima” type, very rare. S-L5; KM-15; CT-990. 3.0 grams. Much rarer than the 1659 in this unauthorized “Star of Lima” type, with full left-hand pillar flanked by assayer V and bold 6 of date below * mintmark and nearly full crown, most of cross, Fine with much flatness and spotty toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

642. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, (1659), “Star of Lima” type, very rare. S-L5; KM-14; CT-1138. 1.2 grams. Full but badly doublestruck cross and monogram of a distinctive style, king’s ordinal IIII in legend, lightly corroded AVF (salvaged) with toned fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pillars-and-waves

645. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1684V, rare. S-L6; KM-23; CT643. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-L6; KM-24; CT-227. 26.5 grams. Weak date but 2 bold mintmarks and clear assayer, very bold

waves, weak cross, some surface corrosion and encrustation but overall no worse than VG. Estimate: $125-$200.

444. 14.1 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with 2 assayers and mintmarks, full but doubled cross with second date and third assayer, both denominations bold, Fine with lightly toned fields. Estimate: $600$900.

644. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1688R, encapsulated PCGS 646. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1686R, rare. S-L7; KM-23; CTVF25. S-L7; KM-24; CT-231. Full pillars-and-waves with bold date and mintmark and assayer, nice full cross with bold second date and mintmark, richly toned, some flatness. Estimate: $300-$450.

446. 13.4 grams. Broad flan, with full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, AVF with flat areas. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

151


647. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1692V, rare. S-L10; KM-23; CT- 650. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1701H. S-L15; KM-unl (23); CT453. 13.7 grams. Broad-flan VF with nice full pillars-and-waves, full but slightly off-center cross-lions-castles, 2 dates, 3 assayers and mintmarks, no toning, just a few old marks on the cross. Estimate: $600-$900.

463. 13.1 grams. Beautifully richly toned AVF with nice full pillarsand-waves and cross-lions-castles, full crown, 2 bold assayers, weak but certain date. Estimate: $500-$750.

651. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1705H. S-L15a; KM-33; CT-971. 648. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1698H. S-L13; KM-23; CT-459.

12.9 grams. Broad flan with good full pillars, full but off-center cross,

13.4 grams. Bold AXF with choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2

flat peripheries, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

dates, attractively toned, odd shape with notch in edge (as made). Estimate: $600-$900.

652. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1706R, extremely rare.

SL16; KM-unl (33); CT-unl. 13.5 grams. Small, thick planchet with one

649. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1699R, with small chopmark as from circulation in the Orient. S-L14; KM-23; CT-461. 13.6 grams. Choice full pillars, nice but off-center cross, 2 dates and assayers, VF+ with lightly toned fields, one tiny chopmark near edge. Estimate: $600-$900.

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full pillar and nearly full cross, clear date (missing in KM and CT, and the first example we have seen), bold assayer and mintmark, attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

653. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1720M, rare.

S-L20; KM-33; CT-976. 12.0 grams. Bold full cross, full pillars-and-waves with clear

date, just rather worn (VG) yet with contrastingly toned fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

152


654. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1723M, rare. S-L20; KM-33; CT-978. 13.4 grams. Bold date between full pillars, full cross, silvery Fine+ with weak spots. Estimate: $600-$900.

655. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1728N, very rare. S-L21; KM-33; CT-981. 13.1 grams. Very broad flan with full but off-center pillars-andwaves with bold date and contrastingly toned fields, full but weaker cross, Fine+ with weak spots. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 656. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1736N, rare. S-L21; KM-33A; CT-987. 12.4 grams. Good full cross, nearly full and well-centered pillars with bold date, lightly toned Fine with small edge-split. Estimate: $400-$600.

657. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1737/6N, rare. S-L21; KM-unl (33A); CT-unl. 13.1 grams. Richly toned Fine+ with good full pillars and cross, full date with clear (unlisted) overdate. Estimate: $500-$750.

658. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1737N.

S-L21; KM-33A; CT-988. 13.1 grams. Nearly full cross and

pillars (both off-center), clear date, good toning but only AVG for wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

659. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1739V, rare. S-L22; KM-33A; CT-unl. 14.2 grams. Good full pillars and cross, clear date and assayer, richly toned Fine, thick flan. Estimate: $400-$600.

660. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1707(H). S-L17; KM-32; CT-1197. 4.9 grams. Odd shape, probably due to stripped hole, but with good details including bold date, most of cross and pillars, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $60-$90.

661. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1722M, rare (unlisted). S-L20; KM-unl (R32); CT-unl. 7.0 grams. Choice bold detail all over on a broad, round flan, with nearly full legends showing backwards N’s, 3 bold dates, great full pillars and cross, deeply toned fields, AXF, crude hole at edge. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750. 153


662. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1726M. S-L20b; KM-32; CTunl. 6.3 grams. Worn (AVG) but well centered, with clear date and decent cross, very lightly toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

663. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1739V.

S-L22; KM-32a; CT1228. 6.1 grams. Crude planchet (uneven thickness) with 2 bold

castles, clear date, Fine+ where not flat. Estimate: $125-$200.

664. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1742V.

S-L22; KM-32a; CT-

1231. 5.9 grams. Nearly full pillars and cross, clear date, darkly toned, grainy Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

665. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1686R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-673. 1.8 grams. Round and Royal-like but probably trimmed around the edge, with 2 bold dates, full LIMA in legend, full but partially weak pillars and cross, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

666. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1686R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-673. 2.1 grams. Broad flan, full LIMA in legend, full cross, nice tops of pillars,

3 mintmarks and 2 assayers, richly toned AXF. Estimate: $60-$90.

667. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1696H. S-L13; KM-20; CT-687. 3.1 grams. Good full pillars and off-center cross, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks,

Fine+ with sediment on fields. Estimate: $50-$75.

668. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1733N. S-L21; KM-31a; CT-1509. 2.6 grams. Odd shape, bold date above full waves, richly toned Fine,

small hole near edge. Estimate: $35-$50.

669. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1694. S-L11; KM-22; CT-795. 0.8 gram. Bold full monogram with clear date, small-flan Fine

(probably salvaged) with toned fields. Estimate: $35-$50.

670. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1709, mounted cross-side out in sterling silver ring. S-L18; KM-30; CT-1758. 8.5 grams. Full monogram and date, but that side down, the outer cross side struck off-center, nicely toned. Estimate: $40-$60. 671. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1717. S-L20; KM-30; CT-1766. 1.5 grams. Choice bold date below full monogram, nice full cross, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $60-$90. 672. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1724. S-L20; KM-30; CT-1773. 1.8 grams. Full date and monogram, off-center cross with second date below, toned, grainy Fine. Estimate: $35-$50.

673. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Louis I, 1725, rare. S-L20a; KM-A39; CT-52. 1.8 grams. Broad flan with full monogram and date, good cross, off-center strike, low-contrast Fine. Estimate: $75-$110.

674. Lot of 11 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 reales, Charles II through Ferdinand VI, all with visible dates. 13.4 grams total. Some toned, some corroded from salvage, but all with discernible dates and monograms, Fine on average. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Session III: October 26, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Silver Cobs of Potosí, Bolivia Shield-type

675. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th 678. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. Speriod). S-P12; KM-5.1; CT-158. 26.3 grams. More worn than most (About Fine), still with good full shield and cross, bold but lightly tooled P-B to left, denomination to right, lightly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

P17; KM-10; CT-124. 26.9 grams. Nice full shield and cross, nearly full crown, richly toned AXF, clear assayer. Estimate: $125-$200.

676. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

679. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. SP17; KM-10; CT-124. 27.2 grams. Full but doubled P-Q, shield and cross,

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 27.0 grams. Full but doubled

deeply toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

cross, nice full crown above full but partially weak shield, king’s name visible in legend, darkly toned and somewhat encrusted Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

680. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. SP17; KM-10; CT-124. 27.1 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and cross-

677. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R and-tressure but with distractingly patchy toning, clear P-Q and king’s (curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 27.3 grams. Attractively toned

ordinal III in legend, AVF. Estimate: $80-$120.

AVF with nice full shield and cross, clear P-R. Estimate: $125-$300.

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681. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M. S- 682. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, P18; KM-10; CT-123. 27.4 grams. Deeply toned XF, nice full shield and

upper half of shield transposed. S-P21; KM-10. 27.0 grams. Bold

cross, well centered, not much peripheral data. Estimate: $100-$150.

full shield with egregious transposition error, nice full cross, attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

683. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R visible on one, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” 103.2 grams total. Solid F-AVF overall with decent shields and crosses, traces of orange clay in crevices. Estimate: $275$400.

684. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)622T, quadrants of 685. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P cross transposed, rare, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P21a; KM-19; CT-456. 26.8 grams. Crude strike with centers completely

flat due to uneven thickness, but with bold assayer T and clear bottoms of the digits of the date, About Fine overall with orange sediment all over. Estimate: $125-$200.

(1620s), from the ca.-1629 “Panama Hoard.” S-P23; KM-19a. 27.0 grams. Choice full shield and cross, bold .P.P., AXF with lots of orange sediment, pretty much the best you can get (just without the date visible). With Frank Sedwick tag. Estimate: $150-$225.

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689. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 686. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer .P (1620s), quadrants of cross transposed and lions rotated.

1620s), from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P23; KM-19a.

S-P23; KM-19a. 27.1 grams. A bit worn (About Fine) and somewhat

P-P, VF+ with traces of orange sediment. Estimate: $80-$120.

26.8 grams. Thick, compact flan with good full shield and cross, full

crudely toned but with bold assayer, full shield and cross, with lions tilted onto their tails (or possibly proper quadrants with sideways castles, which is actually less likely). Estimate: $125-$200.

690. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1628T, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P24; KM-19a; CT-468. 24.4 grams. Squarish flan

687. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)627(P or T), quadrants with somewhat jagged edges (as made), good full shield and cross, of cross transposed, rare, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 26.9 grams. Bold bottom half of date (distinguishable

bottom half of date, only Fine or so but loaded with contrasting orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

from 1629 by the straightness of the tail of the 7), nice full cross with well-detailed lions, full but off-center shield, AXF with light orange sediment. Estimate: $125-$200.

691. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)628(P or T), from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 26.6 grams. Clear bottom half

688. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), “quadruple transposition” (upper half of shield transposed, backwards mintmark P, and lions-castles transposed in both shield and cross), from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P24; KM-19a. 27.1 grams. Very interesting coin

of date outside of full and well-detailed cross-and-tressure with natural void in center, full but off-center shield, lustrous AXF with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

for error lovers, with full shield and cross but all somewhat doubled, full “q+T,” high grade (XF), no toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

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692. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629P, early type with 695. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (162)9T, from the ca.large dots, very rare assayer for date. S-P25; KM-19a; CT-unl. 26.6 grams. Full shield with bold .P. to left, clear bottom of date outside full but weak cross, somewhat crudely struck About Fine but nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

1629 “Panama Hoard.” S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 25.8 grams. Full 9 of date outside full but doubled cross, good full shield with P-T to left and o-VIII to right, VF+ with some orange sediment. With Frank Sedwick tag. Estimate: $150-$225.

693. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)629T, from the ca.- 696. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (162)9T, quadrants of 1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 27.4 grams. Bold full 29 of date, good full shield and cross, denomination 8, lowcontrast VF+ with orange sediment, minor edge-splits. Estimate: $200-$300.

cross transposed. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 25.9 grams. Choice full shield with (P).T to left and O-VIII to right, full but doubled cross with clear tail of 9 in date, nice VF. Estimate: $90-$135.

694. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, “(1)6229” (doubled date), assayer T. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 27.4 grams. Curious rendering of date with the 62 spaced far from the 29 due to doubling, full P-T and 8, bold full shield and cross, toned AXF. Estimate: $200-$300.

697. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629T, both early type with large dots, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 53.6 grams total. Bold F-VF with

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orange clay in crevices, one with nice full cross and shield but the other crudely doubled, both with clear bottoms of 29 of date. Estimate: $175-$250.

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698. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629T, all late type with fine dots, from the ca.1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 80.3 grams total. Full shields and crosses with orange sediment

in crevices, F-AVF overall, clear bottoms of 29 of date. Estimate: $275-$400.

699. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629(P or T), late type with fine dots. KM-19a. 21.2 grams. Worn and corroded (salvaged), but with clear 4-digit date (bold 9), full cross and shield. Estimate: $90-$135.

701. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 162(7-9)T, quadrants of cross transposed, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” SP26; KM-19a. 23.7 grams. Superb full cross and shield, clear 62 of date,

bold mintmark and denomination o-VIII, but with very crude edge, probably as made except that low weight indicates a small piece could have fallen off, XF with traces of orange sediment. Estimate: $150$225.

700. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (ca. 1629), from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard,” mounted cross side out in 14K gold necklace bezel. S-P26; KM-19a. 33.6 grams total. Broad-flan VF with full but slightly doubled shield and cross,

much legend, simple custom mounting. With Henry Taylor photo-certificate from 1991. Estimate: $350-$500.

702. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (mid- to late 1620s), from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 26.6 grams. Full but weak shield and cross, 16 of date visible followed by blank space, Fine with orange sediment. Estimate: $70-$100.

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703. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayers not visible (P or T, mid- to late 1620s), both with “triple transposition” (upper half of shield transposed and lions-castles transposed in both shield and cross, from the ca.1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 53.1 grams total. Full shields and crosses with multiple errors, F-AVF, one with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225.

704. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), some with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 79.2 grams total. Full shields and crosses, two with orange sediment in crevices and the third one silvery (cleaned), F-VF overall. Estimate: $225-$350.

705. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), some with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 78.5 grams total. Full but somewhat crude shields and crosses, F-AVF overall, all with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $225-$350.

706. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), some with lionscastles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 79.8 grams total. Interesting variation in flan sizes, full shields and crosses, F-AVF overall. Estimate: $225-$350.

160


707. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), some with lionscastles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 80.0 grams total. Full but double-struck shields and crosses, lots of orange sediment in crevices, F-AVF overall. Estimate: $225-$350.

708. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), some with lionscastles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 80.1 grams total. Nice full shields and crosses, all AVF with light orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $225-$350.

709. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (mid- to late 1620s), all with lionscastles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 77.2 grams total. One perfectly round with good full shield and cross, the others cruder with full but doubled shields and crosses, two with orange sediment in crevices, F-VF overall. Estimate: $225-$350.

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710. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 78.6 grams total. Good full shields, cruder crosses (one corroded), no toning or sediment but better grade (VF overall). Estimate: $225-$350.

711. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 79.3 grams total. Good full shields and crosses and fairly high grade (VF on average), orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $225-$350.

712. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 79.4 grams total. Generally good shields and crosses, some orange sediment, AVF on average. Estimate: $225-$350.

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713. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 78.9 grams total. Full but somewhat crude shields and crosses, F-AVF overall, all with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $225-$350.

714. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 80.1 grams. Generally good shields and crosses, some orange sediment,

AVF on average. Estimate: $225-$350.

715. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer T (mid- to late 1620s), one with lions-castles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 77.1 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses, one with orange sediment but the other two lightly cleaned, AVF on average. Estimate: $225-$350.

163


716. Huge lot of 50 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayers P and T (mid- to late 1620s) where visible, many with lionscastles transposed in cross, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” KM-19a. 1327 grams total. Solid and well-detailed coins (AVF on average), almost all with diagnostic orange sediment, nearly all with full shields and crosses, great lot for resale. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

(photo reduced)

717. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(30-1)(T), “+” ornaments. S-P26; KM-19a. 27.1 grams. Bold details in off-center full shield and cross, bold 16 of date and +8+ denomination, part of king’s name, richly toned VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

719. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)33(T). S-P26; KM-19a; CT-475. 26.8 grams. Rare with clear date, full shield and cross, crude peripheries (as made) richly toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

718. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1632(T).

S-P26; KM-19a; CT-474. 24.9 grams. Full date but with edge-split at the 2, good full

shield and cross, AVF with slightly grainy texture (possibly salvaged). Estimate: $125-$200.

720. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)33T.

S-P26; KM-19a; CT-475. 27.2 grams. Bold P-T, full shield, full but doubled cross with

bottom half of penultimate 3 and tip of final 3 of date visible, Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

721. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1634T. S-P26; KM-19a; CT476. 26.9 grams. Rare with clear date, bold king’s name, but centers of coin weak due to uneven thickness, non-toned Fine overall. Estimate: $300-$450.

164


(1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.4 grams. Deeply toned VF with good full

725. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)40FR, rare. S-P28; KM19a; CT-483 (as TR). 28.2 grams. Very bold full P-FR (rare thus), with

shield, full but doubled cross, bold P-TR, denomination.8. Estimate: $100-$150.

clear date too, good full cross and shield, crude edge as made, nicely toned AVF, inexplicably overweight. Estimate: $300-$450.

723. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)37, assayer not visible,

726. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)41(FR), rare (missing

rare. KM-19a; CT-480 (as TR). 26.8 grams. Very weak strike due to

in Sellschopp and Karon), with small chopmarks and testcuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-P28; KM-19a; CT-484

722. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR

uneven thickness but with nearly full 37 of date, lightly toned, VG overall. Estimate: $100-$150.

(as TR). 27.1 grams. Silvery VF with good full shield, full cross, clear

bottom of 41 of date, small edge-split. Estimate: $125-$200.

724. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (large, late 1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 26.6 grams. Good full shield with bold P above clear assayer, full cross with gritty black and green encrustation, Fine overall. From a “Tunis hoard,” with photo-certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

727. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (large, early 1640s). S-P29; KM-19a. 27.2 grams. Choice full P-TR (rare thus) to left of good full shield, off-center cross with “furry” lions of the 1640s, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $90-$135.

728. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)44FR, rare. S-P28; KM19a; CT-490 (as TR). 27.4 grams. Crude and weak as usual but with clear date, certain assayer, full shield and cross, Fine or better. Estimate: $150-$225.

165


729. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayers T, TR and FR, with small chopmarks and testcuts as from circulation in the Orient. KM-19a. 80.7 grams total. Clear assayers, good full shields and crosses, interesting chops and cuts, all silvery AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

730. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1646, assayer not visible, rare. KM-19a. 26.6 grams. Full tiny 4 of date, full but partially flat shield and cross, bold denomination 8, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

731. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III and IV, assayers not visible. 190.7 grams total. Generally crude (as made) but with clear shields and crosses, F on average, two with toning and green encrustation. Estimate: $500-$750.

166


732. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayers not visible, all with small chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 133.0 grams total. Fairly meaty coins with good details (crosses, shields, partial dates), all a bit silvery as lightly cleaned, most with multiple cut marks. Estimate: $200-$300.

733. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III-IV, various assayers (where visible), salvaged. 63.8 grams total. A good demonstration of three levels of corrosion, as one is “crusty” (with dark spots in pits), one is thin and smooth (with sharp edges), and one is thick and solid but heavily worn, all three with clear shields and crosses, the first-named with quadrants of cross transposed. Estimate: $175-$225.

734. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer L (1st period). S-P3; KM-4.2; CT-321 (under Lima). 13.4 grams. Full legends and crown in addition to the inner details, clear assayer, earliest type with ISPANIARVM (lacking the H), Fine with patchy toning and tiny hole at edge. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #65 (lot 65), with original lot-tag. Estimate: $125-$200.

167


735. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd 738. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)620T, rare. S-P21; KMperiod), Sellschopp plate coin. S-P10; KM-4.2. 13.3 grams. Attractive VF with full but slightly doubled shield and cross, much legend and nearly full crown, bold P-B (small), nicely toned, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection, and plate coin #162 in his book. Estimate: $300-$450.

9; CT-248. 13.5 grams. Good full shield with bold P+T to left, full but somewhat weak and slightly doubled cross with clear bottoms of digits of date, Fine overall with part of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

739. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, 736. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S- backward-P mintmark (ca. 1620). S-P21; KM-9. 12.9 grams. P17; KM-9; CT-243. 13.5 grams. Bold full cross, full shield, slightly crude shape and uneven thickness, AVF with patchy toning. Estimate: $150$200.

Silvery and lightly corroded (salvaged) AVF with bold mintmarkassayer, full shield and cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

740. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (162)5/4?, assayer not 737. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S- visible, extremely rare. S-P23; KM-unl (17); CT-unl. 13.4 grams. P17; KM-9; CT-243. 13.3 grams. Round flan with full but somewhat

weak shield and cross, bold mintmark, Fine with mottled toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

Fascinating coin for the advanced researcher, as the full final digit of the date is present but must be carefully unraveled from its doublestruck rendering, hence we hesitate to call this a discovery piece, but it appears to be a 5, 5/4, or just a 4 over the E of ET, any of which would be unlisted and unique (the extreme rarity due to a major dam break in 1624). The rest of the coin shows a full shield and cross, light toning, AVF grade. Estimate: $350-$500.

741. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer T, from the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” S-P26; KM-17a. 13.4 grams. Round flan with good full shield and cross, nice Fine with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

168


742. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (probably Ramírez of 1646-8), debased silver. S-P31; KM17a. 13.2 grams. Very crude and manifestly cuprous (with green encrustation), with off-center shield, bold denomination and king’s name, full

cross, quite interesting and clearly a coin that should have been melted in the recall of 1649. These rare coins were known as “Rochuñas” in reference to the mayor of Potosí, Francisco Gómez Rocha, who was executed along with assayer Ramírez in the subsequent investigation. Estimate: $150-up.

743. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III and IV, one with assayer R visible, with small chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 39.2 grams total. Silvery AVF on average, with mostly full shields and crosses, interesting cuts and chops, which are somewhat rare on smaller denominations. Estimate: $100-$150.

744. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd period), upright lions (unique variety). S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.8 grams. Excellent full shield and cross and nearly full crown, the lions turned onto their tails, VF with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate:

$200-$300.

745. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd period).

S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.7 grams. Broad flan with finely detailed full shield and cross-and-tressure, clear P-B and king’s name in legend, richly toned VF+ with crude hole near edge. Estimate: $75$110. 746. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th period). S-P12; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.3 grams. Good full shield and cross with contrasting toning, just a bit worn (About Fine). Estimate: $60-$90.

169


747. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-3.4. 6.5 grams. Bold full shield and crown and cross with contrasting toning, clear borders, AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

748. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg). S-P15; KM-8; CT-355. 6.6 grams. F/VF with full cross (slightly doubled) and lustrous fields, weaker but full shield with clear

P-R, small piece of edge folded over. Estimate: $90-$135.

749. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 161(7)M. S-P19; KM-8; CT-356. 6.2 grams. Full but weak cross and shield, clear P-M and denomination II, toned About Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

750. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer M. S-P18; KM-8. 5.9 grams. Good full shield and cross with contrasting toning, crude peripheries, Fine. Estimate: $50-$75.

751. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1618PAL, very rare. SP20; KM-8; CT-unl. 5.6 grams. Very bold full date, clear assayer and

752. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1618T, rare. S-P21; KM-8; CT-357. 6.9 grams. Bottoms of digits of date clear, full cross and shield,

denomination II (not Z as usual), full cross-and-tressure and shield and crown but lightly corroded all over as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.

bold denomination Z, Fine+ with some legend, spots of toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

753. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (16)28P, rare. S-P25; KM- 755. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (16)29T, rare. S-P26; KM14a; CT-unl. 6.6 grams. Bold 28 of date and P-P (rarer than T for this

date), good full shield, full but partially flat cross, richly toned Fine+. Estimate: $175-$250.

14a; CT-880. 6.5 grams. Nearly full 9 of date, good full shield with bold assayer and denomination, full but weaker cross, richly old-toned Fine+. Estimate: $175-$250.

754. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (1620s). S-P25; KM-14a. 6.9 grams. Off-center

strike on a broad flan with full shield and cross, much bold legend, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $70-$100.

756. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (16)30T, rare. S-P26; KM14a; CT-881. 7.6 grams. Thick (and overweight) flan with good full shield and cross (both slightly off-center), bold 30 of date (even rarer thus), nice VF with spot of green at edge. Estimate: $250-$275.

170


757. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (1640s), very rare. S-P33; KM-14a. 6.0 grams. Typical crude strike and dark color (indicating lower fineness), with bold P-dot-P, full shield and cross, Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

758. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayers T and O. 8.2 and 6.5 grams. Interesting pair in that the assayer-T piece is greatly overweight, possibly due to a plugged hole near the edge, and the assayer-O piece is tooled to make the O into a Q (belied by style), both quite attractive, with full shields and crosses, toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200. 759. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 6.7 grams. Thick flan with full shield and cross, bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend, toned Fine+. Estimate: $60-$90.

760. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, small cobs (2R Philip IV assayer not visible; 1R Philip II assayer B; and 1R Philip III assayer Q). 12.5 grams total. Decent detail, full shields and crosses, F-VF with toning, the 2R and assayer-Q 1R both holed at edge. Estimate: $75-$110.

761. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer T, with P-T to right (1618). S-P21; KM-7. 3.2 grams. Bold P-T to right of full shield (a scarce transposition error attributable to the year 1618), full but slightly crude cross, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $90-$135.

762. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer T. S-P21; KM-7. 2.9 grams. Full and well-detailed shield with clear P+T to left, offcenter cross, Fine with brownish crust on fields. Estimate: $50-$75.

763. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)46P, extremely rare. S-P33; KM-12a; CT-unl. 3.1 grams. Like most mid-1640s pieces (of which there are several in this auction for comparison), this specimen shows much copper color, but it also shows a clear P-P and (16)46 date, the first we have seen besides one in a Kurt Dym article years ago, and the only other 1646P piece in any denomination we know of. It can be safely assumed that coins like this were largely melted down in the recall of 1649. Estimate: $500-up.

171


764. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B/L below, backward B to right of monogram (2nd period), rare. S-P6; KM-unl; CT-unl. 1.4 grams. Important variety missing in Sellschopp (identical to #142 but with B added to right of monogram), all details

clear including much of legend (broad flan) and full crown, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

765. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B to left, mintmark P below monogram (3rd period). S-P10; KM-unl; CT-unl. 1.4 grams. Variety unlisted in Sellschopp, the B to right and P below the monogram clear, also with full king’s name in legend, good full cross, Fine+ with flat spots and some toning. Estimate: $100-$150. 766. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B to left (5th period). S-P14; KM-unl. 1.6 grams. Bold full monogram and cross, bold B-P and most of crown, deeply toned AVF, holed near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

767. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B to left, mintmark P to right, borders of x’s (5th period). S-P14; KM1.4; CT-555 (under Philip III). 1.3 grams. Good full monogram with clear B-P and most of crown, full cross with oversized lions, darkly toned AVF with traces of corrosion (probably salvaged). Estimate: $60-$90.

768. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip III, assayer R. S-P15; KM-6.1; CT-560. 1.7 grams. Choice AXF, beautifully toned, with full monogram and cross, clear P-R to left (straight-leg R). Estimate: $100-$150.

769. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg). S-P15; KM-6.1; CT-560. 1.6 grams. Roundish Fine+ with clear P-R to left, bold full monogram and cross. Estimate: $70-$100.

770. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 reales, Philip III-IV, one with assayer R (curved-leg) visible. 7.4 grams total. Most with PLVS VLTRA legends, all salvaged but F-VF details, nice little group for study. Estimate: $60-$90.

771. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer R 772. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer B to

(Rincón) to left, mintmark P to right of castle, rare. S-P1; KM-A1; CT-763 (under Lima). 0.7 gram. Broad, thin flan with slightly rough edge (as made), full castle and lion and crown, some legend, toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

left, mintmark P to right (5th period), rare. S-P14; KM-B1; CT-770. 0.8 gram. Nice VF with full crown above full castle (doubled), full lion, some bold legend, lightly toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

172


1652 transitionals

773. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1652)E transitional Type V, very rare. S-P37; CT-894. 6.8 grams. Well-detailed specimen of an unusually uncommon issue, with choice full pillars showing F-2-IIII at top and E-2-(E) at bottom, nearly full cross with pomegranate at top and E to right, attractively toned AXF with edge-split. Estimate: $500-$750.

774. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type V. S-P37; CT-1049. 3.3 grams. Good full cross with date below and P to left, full pillars with P-I-IIII at top and E-.-(E) at bottom, toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

775. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652E) transitional Type 776. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652) transitional Type IIb. S-P37; CT-1177. 1.0 gram. Small (salvaged) flan but with 100%

full pillars showing motto as P-LV-SV / L-TR-A, off-center cross, lightly corroded Fine. Estimate: $90-$135.

IIc. S-P37; CT-1178. 0.9 gram. Full pillars with motto PL-VS-VL / TR-A, nice full cross, toned VF with small voids near edge (due to flan crack). Estimate: $60-$90.

173


Pillars-and-waves

777. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT418. 27.7 grams. Roundish flan with full but partially weak pillars-and-

779. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1661E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

waves and cross, 1-1/2 dates, 2-1/2 assayers, 3 mintmarks, lightly toned Fine+ with flat spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

nice AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

778. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1660E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT423. 26.5 grams. Full cross, full but somewhat crude pillars-and-waves

780. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

with 2 clear dates, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $300-$450.

424. 27.1 grams. Full pillars with bold waves, full but partially flat cross,

342. 26.8 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, 2 bold pillars-side dates, VF+ with light toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

781. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-R26; CT-305. 26.4 grams. Typically round and perfectly detailed, also richly toned, the legends particularly bold and with two full crowns, just a little doubled on the cross and holed at the top of the pillars side but quite attractive nonetheless, VF, unlisted variety (missing in Lázaro) lacking pomegranate at top of pillars. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

174


782. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-R26; CT-306. 26.7 grams. Round and fully detailed per the type, with particularly nice cross, the pillars side slightly doubled, small hole at top of cross, richly toned AVF, die-match with Lázaro #184. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

783. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT346. 26.1 grams. Three dates, good full cross, full but doubled pillars-

and-waves, lightly toned Fine+ with hairline edge-split, scarce as nonsalvage. Estimate: $275-$400.

784. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT346. 23.6 grams. Good full cross and one full pillar, 2 clear dates, uneven thickness, darkly toned VF with traces of corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $275-$400.

785. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1674E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT349. 27.3 grams. Two bold dates and assayers, full but slightly doubled

pillars and cross, toned AVF with dark area on cross. Estimate: $300$450.

786. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 25.6 grams. Three bold assayers, 2 dates and mintmarks, nice but slightly doubled full cross and pillars, lightly toned, VF but probably salvaged. Estimate: $400-$600.

175


787. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1683V.

S-P39; KM-26; CT-

788. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1684V.

S-P39; KM-26; CT-

365. 27.5 grams. Superb full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles,

366. 27.7 grams. Full but doubled pillars and cross, 2-1/2 dates, 3

2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, VF with lovely toning on fields, definitely a premium coin without getting into the multi-thousanddollar Royals. Estimate: $600-$900.

assayers, 2 mintmarks, lightly toned Fine+ with much flatness in peripheries. Estimate: $350-$500.

789. Full set of 8-4-2-1-1/2 reales 1688VR, ex-Sellschopp collection.

S-P39. 52.2 grams total. Cobs date-sets are very hard to assemble these days, and many of the Sellschopp sets like this one have been long since broken up. What stands out most in this set is the 4R, with 3 dates and choice full cross, but all the other denominations have multiple dates (yes, even the 1/2R) and nice details, the average grade being VF, with generally attractive toning, hence a premium set even without the famous pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection, sold by Swiss Bank Corp. (Zurich) in 1988 (Auction #20). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

790. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1692VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT378. 27.0 grams. Bold date between good full pillars, full but doubled

791. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1696VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT382. 26.3 grams. Two dates and assayers, full pillars and cross, richly

cross with second date below, 2 bold assayers, nicely toned Fine+ with flatness in peripheries. Estimate: $400-$600.

toned AVF, but all a bit double-struck. Estimate: $300-$450.

176


795. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT792. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1698F. S-P42; KM-26; CT387. 26.0 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and

assayers, 3 mintmarks, silvery Fine with some weak spots, cracks near part of edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

862. 27.5 grams. Thick, chunky planchet with clear date and assayer flanking one full pillar, nearly full cross, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

796. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT793. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1700F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-

864. 26.8 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross, both very well

389. 26.5 grams. Excellent specimen for this crude period, with full

centered, with 2 pillars-side dates, parts of all 3 assayers, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

but off-center cross and full but slightly doubled pillars-and-waves, 2-1/2 bold dates, lightly toned VF+ with edge-split. Estimate: $350$500.

797. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT864. 26.4 grams. Good full pillars with 2 COMPLETE dates on that

794. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1701Y. S-P43; KM-26; CT- side (scarce thus), full cross, Fine with crude toning. Estimate: $300392. 26.6 grams. Choice specimen with great full cross and pillars-and-

$450.

waves, 2 full dates, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $350-$500.

798. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT865. 26.8 grams. Full pillars with clear date, nearly full cross, lightly toned Fine+ with weak peripheries, scarce date. Estimate: $300$450.

177


799. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1706Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT866. 22.9 grams. Small flan (inexplicably underweight, as made), 2 dates, pillars and cross both doubled, lightly toned VF, just crude per the era. Estimate: $300-$450.

802. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1714Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT874. 26.1 grams. Full pillars, 2 dates and assayers, 3 mintmarks, nicely toned but typically crude, with edge-split, AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

800. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1707Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT867. 26.6 grams. Bold date between full pillars, messy cross from doubling, lightly toned VF but totally flat except for centers, scarce date. Estimate: $300-$450.

803. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1716Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT876. 26.7 grams. Bold waves with clear date above, choice lion and

castle in upper half of cross, VF with nice toning but much flatness as usual. Estimate: $300-$450.

801. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1710Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT870. 26.5 grams. Bold date (scarce) between pillars, nice center of cross,

typically chunky (flat peripheries) but nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

804. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1718Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT878. 27.4 grams. Flat around edge but nice centers, with clear date,

probably no worse than AVF for actual wear, scarce. Estimate: $300$450.

805. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, “1718Y,” tooled or possible contemporary counterfeit. 27.1 grams. Odd coin with bold but clearly contrived details, yet undeniably circulated, possibly tooled from a 1720s issue, AVF with nicely toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

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806. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-879. 23.8 grams. Very crude planchet and strike, per the era, with clear date between full but doubled pillars, lightly toned, VF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

809. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1723Y, rare (missing in Karon). S-P43a; KM-31; CT-883. 25.0 grams. Full and bold date below cross and second date between pillars, 2 bold assayers, typically crude but no worse than AVF and attractively toned. Estimate: $500-$750.

810. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1729M. S-P44; KM-31; CT807. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1720Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-

826. 27.3 grams. Unusually bold details all over, with good full cross

880. 26.3 grams. Two clear dates, one full pillar, decent AVF in centers

and pillars, 2-1/2 dates, VF+ with slightly crude surfaces. Estimate: $250-$375.

but rest of coin flat, nicely toned, scarce. Estimate: $300-$450.

808. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1722Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT882. 25.2 grams. Curious “pillow” shape of typically uneven thickness,

811. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1734E. S-P46; KM-31a; CT-

with full but somewhat weak pillars and cross, bold date in legend (rare thus), lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $300-$450.

831. 26.9 grams. Choice specimen with super bold cross, king’s name

in legend, full pillars, 2 dates, richly toned VF+. Estimate: $500$750.

812. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1736E. S-P46; KM-31a; CT833. 27.2 grams. Excellent full pillars-and-waves and cross, with THREE clear dates, VF with toned fields, choice for the era. Estimate: $400$600.

179


813. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1740P. S-P48; KM-31a; CT839. 26.8 grams. Exceptional grade (XF+) and choice details, with full pillars and cross, 2 dates, nicely toned fields, also scarcer assayer for the date. Estimate: $400-$600.

814. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1743C. S-P49; KM-31a; CT843. 27.1 grams. Three bold assayers and assayers, 2 dates, very nice full cross, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $400-$600.

815. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1744C. S-P49; KM-31a; CT844. 27.2 grams. Choice full cross and pillars, 2-1/2 assayers, 1-1/2 dates, chunky VF+ with nice toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

816. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1745/4q, unique. S-P50; KM-unl (31a); CT-unl. 26.5 grams. Exceptional specimen with superb full cross and pillars-and-waves, all 3 mintmarks and assayers and dates, the last-mentioned rendered clearly as (174)4 in legend, (1)745 below cross and (1)745/4 between pillars, bold VF, attractively toned. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

817. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1746q. S-P50; KM-31a; CT- 818. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E. S-P51; KM-40; CT847. 26.8 grams. Choice full details all over, with very bold full cross

and pillars-and-waves (very slightly doubled), 2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, richly toned VF+, just about the best you can get for this period. Estimate: $600-$900.

361. 27.1 grams. Choice full pillars side with 2 dates and mintmarks

and assayers, good full cross with bold third date below, attempted hole to right and light (old) scratches opposite, beautifully toned VF+. Estimate: $500-$750.

180


819. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1758(q). S-P54; KM-40; CT375. 27.3 grams. Bold date between full pillars, full but very chunky cross, lightly toned AVF for type. Estimate: $200-$300.

823. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1769/8(V-Y), rare. S-P57; KM-45; CT-956. 25.2 grams. Bold date with clear overdate, good full cross, good contrast from toning on fields but rather worn (VG) and chunky. Estimate: $200-$300. 824. Withdrawn.

820. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1762V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT949. 26.9 grams. Very unusual shape but typically very uneven in thickness, with bold (C)AROLVS in legend, 2 dates, AXF for actual wear, lightly toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

825. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1771V-Y. S-P59; KM-45; CT962. 26.8 grams. Good full pillars and cross, 2 clear dates, nicely toned

Fine+, typically crude near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

821. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1768V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT955. 27.0 grams. Round but typically chunky flan with full pillars, off-

826. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772V-Y. S-P59; KM-45; CT-

center cross, 3 assayers, richly toned VF. Estimate: $150-$225. 822. Withdrawn.

and cross, 2 bold dates, beautiful toning, AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

963. 26.8 grams. Wonderfully round and well centered, with full pillars

Smartphone users please scan this QR code to go directly to this auction:

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #11 (spring, 2011).

181


827. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1653/2E, 1-PH-6 at top, very rare. S-P37a; KM-unl (18); CT-unl. 13.8 grams. Two bold dates,

831. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1661E, rare. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-753. 14.0 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 assayers

both with clear overdate (missing in all published collections), full pillars-and-waves and cross but both partially flat, bold (PO)TOSI in legend, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $600-$900.

and dates (661 below cross), lightly toned AVF, very attractive. Estimate: $500-$750.

828. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1657E, rare. S-P37a; KM18; CT-749. 10.7 grams. Nice full cross, off-center pillars, bold assayer,

832. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1665E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-

2 dates, Fine+ with deeply toned fields, lightly shaved on edge and old solder-mark at top. Estimate: $400-$600.

2 mintmarks and dates (65 below cross), richly toned AVF with hole at edge, scarce. Estimate: $400-$600.

829. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT750. 13.8 grams. Good full pillars (especially the tops) and cross, 2

833. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1666E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-

dates and assayers, richly toned Fine+ with weak spots. Estimate: $350-$500.

757. 13.3 grams. Broad flan with nice full pillars and cross, 3 assayers,

758. 12.9 grams. Full and bold pillars-and-waves with tooled but accurate date, weak and off-center cross with bold legend (including king’s ordinal II), Fine+ with toned fields and light surface corrosion (probably salvaged). Estimate: $175-$250.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids) 830. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1659(E). S-P37a; KM-18; CT-751. 13.2 grams. Bold date between full pillars, good full cross, flat peripheries but otherwise AVF, lightly toned, scarce. Estimate: $350$500.

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834. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b; 837. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1672E, rare. S-P37b; KMKM-25; CT-492. 13.2 grams. Full but off-center cross and pillars, bold

date (first for this king, whose ordinal is visible in legend), lightly toned Fine+ with crude peripheries (as made). From an unidentified ca.1671 wreck in Seville Harbor. Estimate: $350-$500.

25; CT-497. 12.8 grams. Clear date (missing in Sellschopp and Karon) between full pillars, nearly full cross, 3 assayers, Fine+ with flat areas and uneven toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

838. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1674E, very rare. S-P37b; KM-25; CT-499. 11.1 grams. Choice full crown and pillars and cross,

835. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-25; CT- clear date (missing in Sellschopp and Karon, and only the second 494. 12.9 grams. Bold 669 date in legend and below cross, otherwise

rather crude and silvery, possibly salvaged, Fine or so for actual wear. Estimate: $175-$250.

one known to us), bold POTO(SI) in legend, richly toned Fine+ with part of edge lightly shaved long ago. Estimate: $500-$750.

839. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-25; CT510. 10.3 grams. Full and well-centered pillars, good full cross,

836. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-25; CT- contrasting toning, edge-split, Fine for wear but with light surface 495. 13.9 grams. Full and well-centered pillars and cross, 2 dates, 3

corrosion (salvaged), scarce date. Estimate: $275-$400.

assayers, richly toned AVF with minor green spots, scarce as nonsalvage. Estimate: $400-$600.

840. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1685VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT513. 13.3 grams. Broad flan with bold full pillars, bold date, nearly full

cross, CAR- of king’s name in legend, contrastingly toned Fine+ with much flatness and one old scratch. Estimate: $350-$500.

183


841. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT- 845. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1699F, rare. S-P42; KM-25; 515. 12.2 grams. Beautifully toned Fine+ with nice pillars side but messy

CT-529. 12.3 grams. Two dates (missing in Sellschopp), good full cross,

cross, bold date and 3 assayers. Estimate: $400-$600.

full pillars, nicely contrasting toning, Fine with edge-splits and hole at edge. Estimate: $500-$750.

846. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1700F, rare. S-P42; KM-25; 842. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1688VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT516. 13.7 grams. Huge, odd-shaped flan with choice full pillars, full

cross, deeply toned all over, AXF with edge-split. Estimate: $500$750.

CT-532. 12.3 grams. Compact flan with clear date (missing in Karon)

between full pillars, clear assayer, 3 mintmarks, nearly full cross, lowcontrast Fine+. Estimate: $400-$600.

847. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales Royal, 1703Y, rare.

SP43a; KM-R30; CT-1066. 12.9 grams. Typically round and of relatively

even thickness, with full inner details and most of the legends, yet still a bit crude per the era, richly toned Fine+ with a hole near the edge (strangely not at an end of the cross or at the top of the pillars) and a modicum of old scratches. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

843. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT517. 13.1 grams. Roundish flan with great full cross and pillars, 1-1/2

dates and 2-1/2 assayers, AVF, holed at edge. Estimate: $400-$600.

848. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT844. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1692VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT-

1085. 13.4 grams. Typically crude and chunky but with bold date

520. 13.9 grams. Nice and well-centered full pillars and cross, bold

between pillars, off-center cross, Fine with black spots. Estimate: $275-$400.

date plus final digit in legend, 3 assayers, richly toned VF. Estimate: $400-$600.

184


849. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1705Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1086. 12.7 grams. Choice specimen with full pillars-and-waves and cross, one full date and parts of the other two (missing in Karon), richly toned AVF. Estimate: $500-$750.

850. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1707Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1088. 13.3 grams. Full and well-centered cross and pillars, deeply

toned Fine+ with edge-split. Estimate: $400-$600.

851. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1709Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT1090. 13.4 grams. Bold full pillars with bold date and mintmark, full but slightly off-center cross, richly toned Fine+, choice for the era and a scarce date. Estimate: $400-$600.

853. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1721Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1102. 13.4 grams. Broad flan with good centers (bold full date, nice cross) but flat peripheries, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $500-$750.

854. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1722Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1103. 13.7 grams. Two partial dates, full assayer to right of bold cross, lightly toned, typically chunky and crude but AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $175-$250.

855. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1724Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT1105. 12.2 grams. Choice full cross and pillars, very clear date, VF with contrasting toning, well above average quality for this scarce date. Estimate: $500-$750.

852. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1710+11Y, exSellschopp, unique. S-P43a; KM-unl (30); CT-unl. 13.6 grams.

856. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1726Y, (Louis I), rare.

Unpublished error with 1710 date on pillars side and 1711 date below cross (both clear, but unrecognized by Sellschopp), the pillars and cross both full and bold, typically chunky but nicely toned, Fine+. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

S-P43b; KM-A35; CT-30a. 13.6 grams. Well-centered strike good full

cross and pillars, bold date and part of another, deeply toned Fine+. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

185


857. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1727Y, (Louis I), rare. S-P43b; KM-A35; CT-30b. 13.1 grams. Three bold, full dates (very rare

to see that) on a typically chunky flan (very uneven thickness), full pillars, richly toned, VF+ or better for actual wear. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

861. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1735E, ex-Sellschopp, rare. S-P46; KM-30a; CT-1117. 13.3 grams. Well-centered strike with full pillars-and-waves, full but doubled cross, 2 bold dates, 3 mintmarks, attractively toned VF with small green spots. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

858. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1728M. S-P44; KM-30; CT1108. 14.0 grams. Full and well-centered pillars with bold date, offcenter cross, richly toned VF with edge-split, scarce. Estimate: $400$600.

862. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1736E. S-P46; KM-30a; CT1118. 13.6 grams. Crude strike on a chunky flan but with 1-1/2 dates

and clear assayer, toned AVF or so. Estimate: $250-$375.

859. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1730M, rare. S-P44; KM30a; CT-1110. 13.3 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with bold date (missing in Sellschopp), crude but full cross with P to left and M to right, richly old-toned AVF. Estimate: $500-$750.

860. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1733/2YA, very rare. SP45; KM-30a; CT-unl. 13.3 grams. Full pillars and cross with 2 dates (the one between pillars clearly showing the overdate), well centered, elegantly toned VF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

863. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-30a; CT1121. 13.4 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with bold date, nearly full cross

with second date below, VF+ with crude edge (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

864. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1739M. S-P47; KM-30a; CT1122. 13.3 grams. Superb, high-grade specimen (AU), with gorgeous full pillars and cross, both well centered, 2 bold dates, light toning around details, among the choicest cobs of this period we have seen. Estimate: $400-$600.

186


869. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1743C. S-P49; KM-30a; CT865. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1739M, mounted pillarsside out in 14K gold necklace bezel. S-P47; KM-30a; CT-1122. 19.3 grams total. Full but off-center pillars and cross, high grade (XF)

1128. 13.0 grams. Two bold dates, 1-1/2 assayers, good but off-center

cross, well-centered pillars-and-waves, richly toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

and nicely rainbow-toned but with area of peripheral flatness. Estimate: $300-$450.

870. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1744C. S-P49; KM-30a; CT1129. 13.7 grams. Well-centered strike with nice full pillars-and-waves

866. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1739M. S-P47; KM-30a; CT- and cross, 2 dates and parts of all 3 assayers, XF with patchy toning. 1122. 13.1 grams. Good full pillars, crude full cross, 2 clear dates and

Estimate: $350-$500.

assayers, richly toned About Fine. Estimate: $175-$250.

871. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1744C. S-P49; KM-30a; CT867. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1740M. S-P47; KM-30a; CT1123. 13.0 grams. Full and well-centered pillars and cross, all 3

1129. 13.0 grams. Good but off-center cross, clear date between wellcentered pillars, VF with mostly dark toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

mintmarks and assayers, richly toned VF+, scarce. Estimate: $350$500.

872. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1745q. S-P50; KM-30a; CT868. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1741P. S-P48; KM-30a; CT1125. 13.2 grams. Very bold date below off-center cross, full but slightly doubled pillars with second date, richly toned Fine. Estimate: $300$450.

1131. 12.8 grams. Good full pillars and cross, AVF with contrasting toning, encrustation above the cross, scarce date (missing in Karon). Estimate: $300-$450.

187


873. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1747q, Ferdinand VI, very rare. S-P50a; KM-unl (39); CT-434. 12.7 grams. Great full pillars-

877. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1751q/E, very rare.

and-waves with bold date, full cross with second date below and assayer q to right, beyond which is the king’s name quite clearly (unlisted in all references), effectively the first date of this king but only confirmed on 2R and 1/2R up till now, bold VF with slightly grainy texture and contrasting toning. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

assayers, both showing the q/E (missing in Sellschopp and Karon), good full cross with second date below, richly toned AVF with dark place on edge where a small piece may have been lost long ago. Estimate: $500-$750.

SP52; KM-39; CT-unl. 11.8 grams. Full pillars with clear date and 2 bold

874. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1747q. S-P50a; KM-unl (39); 878. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1751q. S-P52; KM-39; CTCT-434. 13.1 grams. Choice full pillars with bold date, good full cross

with hole at bottom, AVF with light toning on fields. Estimate: $125$200.

439. 12.6 grams. Well-centered strike with very bold full cross and pillars-

and-waves, 2 bold dates, AVF with darkly toned fields, scarce (missing in Karon). Estimate: $350-$500.

875. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1748q. S-P50a; KM-39; CT- 879. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1754C+q, very rare. S435. 13.3 grams. Full but doubled date between full and bold pillars, nice full cross, AVF with toning here and there, typically chunky. Estimate: $250-$375.

P53; KM-39; CT-444. 13.3 grams. Very bold full date between pillars

876. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1750E/q, very rare.

880. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1756(q). S-P54; KM-39; CT-

SP51; KM-39; CT-unl. 13.3 grams. Bold date and clear E/q (missing in all

published collections and the first specimen we have seen in this denomination), well-centered pillars and cross, attractively toned Fine+. Estimate: $500-$750.

and second date below full cross (missing in Sellschopp and Karon), richly toned Fine with a few old marks. Estimate: $500-$750.

447. 13.0 grams. Odd shape, bold date between pillars and second one below nearly full cross, toned Fine with dark fields, scarce (missing in Sellschopp). Estimate: $300-$450.

188


881. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1759q.

S-P54; KM-39; CT-

885. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1763V-Y. S-P57; KM-44; CT-

450. 13.4 grams. Interestingly triangular flan, typically chunky, with 2

1156. 13.3 grams. Exceptionally bold date between pillars and bold

dates, nice toning, VF, scarce. Estimate: $250-$375.

assayer on that side too, decent full cross, richly old-toned Fine+. Estimate: $300-$450.

882. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1760(V-Y). S-P57; KM-44; CT-1153. 13.2 grams. Well-centered strike on a very thick and chunky

886. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1764(V)-Y. S-P57; KM-44;

flan, bold date, good cross, toned AVF with a few old marks. Estimate: $250-$375.

CT-1157. 12.9 grams. Two bold dates, full assayer Y, Fine+ with darkly

toned fields (nice contrast). Estimate: $300-$450.

883. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1761V-(Y). S-P57; KM-44; 887. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1764V-(Y). S-P57; KM-44; CT-1154. 13.6 grams. Bold strike, chunky flan with curious point, 2 dates, toned VF. Estimate: $300-$450.

CT-1157. 13.4 grams. Well-centered strike but typically chunky, with 2 dates, toned AVF, crude around the edge (as made). Estimate: $275$400.

884. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1762(V-Y). S-P57; KM-44; CT-1155. 13.6 grams. Round but typically chunky flan with one bold

888. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1767V-Y. S-P57; KM-44; CT-

date and part of another, king’s ordinal (TER)TIV(S) in legend, deeply toned Fine+. Estimate: $275-$400.

1160. 13.0 grams. Full date and both assayers on pillars side, somewhat crude and worn (About Fine), and also very lightly shaved, but attractively toned at least. Estimate: $250-$375.

189


889. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1769V-(Y). S-P57; KM-44; 893. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1773V-(Y), rare final date CT-1162. 13.4 grams. Full date and bold denomination but a bit worn

of cobs. S-P57; KM-44; CT-1166. 13.2 grams. Very small, thick and

(Fine) and toned all over (not much contrast). Estimate: $150-$225.

chunky flan, as is typical, with unusually full date (missing in Karon), lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $350-$500.

890. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1770/69V-Y, very rare. SP57; KM-unl (44); CT-unl. 13.2 grams. Full date with clear overdate (missing in Sellschopp and Karon, and only the second one we have seen), oversized and off-center cross with bold assayer V to right, Fine with contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

894. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT596. 7.6 grams. Good full pillars and cross, 2 clear dates (669 below

cross), VF with peripheral flatness, possibly salvaged but overweight anyway. With Art of Money photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

891. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1770V-(Y). S-P57; KM-44; 895. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1682V. CT-1163. 13.3 grams. Choice bold details all over (pillars, cross, 2 dates),

S-P39; KM-24; CT611. 7.0 grams. Superb strike with choice full pillars-and-waves and

and attractively toned, VF, significantly scarcer than the 1760s dates. Estimate: $350-$500.

cross-lions-castles, king’s name and bold third date 1680 in legend, lightly toned XF with crude hole near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

892. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1772V-Y. S-P57; KM-44; CT1165. 13.2 grams. Beautifully old-toned VF on a typically fat and chunky

896. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1690VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-

flan with good details, including 2 dates and an oversized cross. Estimate: $400-$600.

ordinal II, full but doubled and off-center pillars with bold second date, VF+ with toned fields. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #54 (lot 784). Estimate: $90-$135.

621. 7.2 grams. Choice bottom half of cross with bold date and king’s

190


897. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1697CH, ex-Sellschopp, rare. S-P41; KM-24; CT-629. 6.3 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, bold date and 3 assayers (missing in Karon), AVF with attractively toned fields, crude void near part of edge. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

898. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1699F.

S-P42; KM-24; CT632. 5.0 grams. Nice full cross, full but doubled pillars-and-waves with

clear date and 2 assayers, richly toned Fine+ with edge-split, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

899. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1699F. S-P42; KM-24; CT-632. 6.0 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves with clear date and 2 assayers, off-center cross with second date, About Fine. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #54 (lot 785). Estimate: $90-$135. 900. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1710Y. S-P43; KM-24; CT-1332. 6.3 grams. Crude and silvery but with clear date, full but doubled pillars, Fine or so. Estimate: $60-$90. 901. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1714Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1336. 5.7 grams. Full and well-centered pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and assayers, but a bit worn (Fine), with contrasting toning. Estimate: $150-$225. 902. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1714Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1336. 5.2 grams. Curiously rounded and then reeded (by hand) on the edge long ago, with clear date and assayer above waves, second date below cross, crude Fine with toning and sediment. Estimate: $100-up.

904. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1726Y, Louis I.

S-P43b; KM-34; CT-39. 5.2 grams. Full pillars with clear date and assayer, full

but doubled cross with bottom of L of king’s name in legend, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

905. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1726Y, (Louis I). S-P43b; KM-34; CT-39. 6.1 grams. Bold pillars with clear date and bold assayer,

903. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales Royal, 1720Y, very rare. S-P43a; KM-unl (R29); CT-1307. 6.3 grams. Perfectly round and fully

detailed inside the legends, the pillars side well struck but the cross doubled, nicely toned AVF with hole near edge, first specimen of this date we have seen (but listed in CT). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

full cross, lightly toned Fine+. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #54 (lot 787). Estimate: $100-$150.

906. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1727Y, (Louis I). S-P43b; KM-34; CT-40. 4.9 grams. Full but slightly crude pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 bold dates, and assayers, AVF with toned fields, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $90-$135.

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907. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales Heart, 1728M, very rare. S-P44; KM-unl; CT-unl. 6.5 grams. Bold and beautiful like most Hearts, with choice full pillars side aligned with the shape, the cross side turned so the arms match the indentations on either side of the stem, attractively toned VF with usual hole at top. See our 9th auction for an explanation of the purpose of these Heart coins as “ex-votos.” Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

908. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1729M. S-P44; KM-29a; CT-1350. 6.2 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with 2 clear dates, full but weaker cross, non-toned Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

909. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1732M. S-P44; KM-29a; CT-1353. 6.0 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 bold dates and 3 mintmarks and assayers, richly toned VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

910. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1733YA, rare. S-P45; KM-29a; CT-1355. 6.4 grams. Full and nice but double-struck pillars and cross, with clear date and assayer, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

911. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1734E. S-P46; KM-29a; CT- 912. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1736E. S-P46; KM-29a; CT1357. 6.8 grams. Choice full cross, full but off-center pillars, 2 assayers

and bold date, high grade (XF). Estimate: $150-$225.

1359. 6.5 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and assayers, VF with darkly toned fields, holed at edge. Estimate: $150$225.

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913. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales Heart, 1759q, very rare, last known date of Hearts.

S-P54; KM-unl; CT-unl. 4.9 grams.

Typically choice bold strike on a classically Heart-shaped flan, aligned with pillars side upright and cross rotated almost 180 degrees, a little light (as made) but unquestionably authentic and with elegant old toning, VF+. See our 9th auction for an explanation of the purpose of these Heart coins as “ex-votos.” Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

914. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1762V-Y. S-P57; KM-43; CT-1360. 6.8 grams. Curiously oblong flan with 2 bold dates, nearly full cross and pillars, toned AVF. Estimate: $90-$135.

915. Lot of 3 silver cobs (Potosí 2R 1743C, Potosí 1R 1723Y and Mexico 1/2R Philip V assayer not visible), with old envelopes. 11.0 grams total. Richly old-toned specimens with clear dates on the Potosí 2R and 1R, Fine on average, kept together as a set of 3 as all from century-old collection, with curiously low values written on their envelopes. With two ca. 1890s-1920s hand-written envelopes. Estimate: $175-$250. 916. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R (2) and 1R (3), Philip V-Charles III. 18.9 grams total. Solid coins but none with clear dates, one salvaged, some toned, Fine on average. Estimate: $50-$75.

917. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1660E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1060. 2.9 grams. Nice full cross with date as “660” below (rare variety), full but weaker pillars-and-waves with second date, 2 assayers, Fine with light toning. Estimate: $90-$135. 918. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1662E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1062. 3.0 grams. Perfectly round flan (lightly shaved), struck off-center but with 2 bold dates, some legend, toned Fine, no hole. Estimate: $100-$150. 919. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1674E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-710. 3.5 grams. Bold full pillars with clear date, good full cross, deeply toned AVF. Estimate: $70-$100. 193


920. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1679C. S-P38; KM-23; CT-716. 1.7 grams. Three dates (rare thus), 2 assayers, bold waves, part of king’s name, toned fields, no worse than AVF but with surface corrosion and tiny pinhole as from unidentified salvage. Estimate: $60-$90.

921. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-733. 3.0 grams. Choice full cross with bold date, full but weaker pillars with second date, 3 mintmarks and assayers, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $70-$100.

922. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1725Y, (Louis I).

S-P43b; KM-33; CT-49. 2.5 grams. Decent but double-struck pillars and cross, bold assayer, 2 dates, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150. 923. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1728M. S-P44; KM-28; CT-1655. 2.0 grams. Rounded (shaved) and holed 3 times, with bold date between full pillars, good but off-center cross, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $60-$90. 924. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1729M. S-P44; KM-28; CT-1657. 2.8 grams. Good full pillars and cross, 1-1/2 dates, 3 assayers, slightly grainy Fine+ with dark fields. Estimate: $40-$60.

925. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 reales, Philip V, all with visible dates. 30.0 grams. Decent coins with dates from 1706 to 1739 (none rare), some with multiple dates, only a couple salvaged, the rest F-VF, nice group for jewelry or the beginning collector. Estimate: $250-$375. 926. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1675. S-P37b; KM-22; CT-827. 1.0 gram. Off-center strike with bold date below most of monogram, nearly full cross, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $50-$75. 927. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1678. KM-22; CT-830. 1.0 gram. Full but partially weak monogram with bold date below and full pomegranate above, full but off-center cross with bold second date below and third date in legend (rare thus), Fine. Estimate: $60-$90. 928. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1693. S-P40; KM-22; CT-844. 0.8 gram. Full monogram and date, nearly full cross despite minor corrosion loss as salvaged, Fine otherwise. Estimate: $35-$50.

929. Lot of 9 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 reales, Philip IV-Ferdinand VI, all but 1 with visible dates. 11.3 grams total. Wide range of dates from 1662 to 1752 (some scarce), a few salvaged and most toned (one with raised green encrustation), Fine on average. Estimate: $200-$300.

930. Lot of 11 Potosí, Bolivia, silver-cob minors (four 2R, three 1R, four 1/2R), various periods (Philip III to Ferdinand VI). 38.4 grams. Decent details, VG-AVF, several with holes, all nicely toned, most with visible dates and/or assayers. Estimate: $125-$200.

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Other Silver Cobs Colombia

931. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer E, mintmark RN to right (1620s-1630), rare. S-C3; KM-3.4; RM45.12. 26.9 grams. Full but doubled shield with weak R but clear N

and E to right, nearly full cross with one lion particularly well detailed, thick flan with sharply cut edges, truncating the peripheral details, AVF for wear. Estimate: $400-$600.

933. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (1630s-40s), lions and castles transposed in shield and cross, rare. R-M44. 24.4 grams. Exceptionally broad flan with full crown, shield and cross-and-tressure, with bold denomination .VIII. to right and king’s ordinal IIII in legend, unfortunately flat on both sides where date and mintmark and assayer should be, toned VF with light surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $400-$600.

934. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, Philip IV, (1652-4), rare. S-B7; KM-A7. 0.8 gram. Full but weak and off-center castle and

932. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer lion that match the 8R punches for the dates 1652-4, prominent not visible, mintmark .N.R to left (1630s-40s), rare. R-M44. 27.6 grams. Full and well-detailed shield with bold N to left, bold cross

borders of dots, toned and slightly grainy Fine. Estimate: $300-$450.

with both lions full, lacking peripheral details but VF+ overall and lightly toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

Guatemala

935. Guatemala, 2 reales, “crown” countermark (1662) on a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales of Philip IV, assayer T (1630s). CT-Type 175. 6.0 grams. Bold full countermark (XF), worn and grainy host (VG) with most of shield and clear P-T, holed like most and with small edge-split. Estimate: $150-$225.

936. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1753J, final year of type. SG2; KM-12; CT-285. 26.4 grams. Richly toned AVF for the issue with clear date, mintmark, assayer and denomination, crudely holed as usual. Estimate: $300-$450.

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937. Guatemala, unique machine-struck trial 2 reales, 1742J, struck on a round flan with milled edge S-G1; cf

KM-4; cf CT-1174. 6.7 grams. Beautifully toned Fine+ with old hole near edge, full inner details and most of legends with slight doubling that renders

the motto as VTTRA QUE. Estimate: $7,000-up. This unusual and important coin is completely missing in all references, including Carlos Jara’s landmark book Historia de la Casa de Moneda de Guatemala 1731-1776 (2010). It was struck with regular cob dies but on a fully round planchet about 24 mm in diameter with an ornate floral edge design, like what is seen on the pillar coinage struck in Mexico contemporaneously, and of relatively even thickness, in stark contrast to the regular cob issues of Guatemala, but at the same time clearly much cruder than its Mexican counterparts. A similar issue was made in Guatemala in 1733, as detailed in Jara’s book and summarized as follows: A Royal Ordinance dated January 17, 1731, authorized the founding of the Guatemala mint in order to strike coins in accordance with the Seville Ordinances of 1728, which specified a milled coinage of the pillar type for the silver and a wigged-bust or pelucona type for the gold. For two or three days only, starting in March 19, 1733, the mint did indeed issue fully round coins with an edge design (albeit hand struck due to the lack of coining presses) but this immediately proved to be economically impractical. Therefore, on March 21, 1733, just two days after the mintage of these coins had begun, the mint’s director José Eustaquio de León requested two concessions: first, the striking of gold coins on round planchets of reduced diameter (but with an edge design) in order to ensure a good (strong) impression of the dies; and second, the mintage of silver coinage on irregularly shaped flans, also of reduced size, and with no edge design (corresponding to the common handstruck silver coinage issued in Guatemala through 1753.) The silver coins of 1733 struck on round planchets are thus neither patterns nor special presentation pieces, but simply the first silver coins that were struck in the Guatemala mint… for only three days! Eustaquio de León was nevertheless a conscientious man, and continued to produce coins that were in strict compliance with the 1728 Seville Ordinances. Reports to the king dated 1739 by him and the mint’s accountant Juan José Martínez and Treasurer Santiago de Villavicencio all requested instructions from Spain to produce “moneda circular o esferica”. In particular, Villavicencio explicitly indicated in his communication of April 13, 1739: “regarding the striking of round coinage, if it were His Majesty’s will that the coinage produced in this mint [of Guatemala] were not the hand struck one, as has been the case until now, but [rather] the round one, His Majesty should order that the necessary instruments be sent from Mexico since it would be very difficult to find in this city [of Guatemala] a craftsman that would fabricate them with perfection...” Villavicencio’s request was not fulfilled until May 14, 1751, when a Royal Ordinance instructed that the coinage struck in Guatemala should be all in round milled coins. The necessary master dies, puncheons and edge milling instruments were received on February 17, 1753, and the first milled coins were finally struck on March 29, 1754. However, Eustaquio de León was diligent enough to implement on his own (meaning without receiving machinery from Mexico or Spain) a coin press in 1745; the proclamation medals of 1747, all struck on carefully cut round flans with an edge design and showing a better strike than that of the regular hand struck silver coins, are most probably a milled issue, minted on Eustaquio de León’s coining press. The present 1742 two reales, definitely struck in Guatemala and on a round flan with a similar edge design, now allows us to conclude that the first trial strikings with that coin press had started a bit earlier, in 1742. Its reduced flan diameter of about 25 mm (the average diameter for the milled pillar two reales in the Fonrobert, Patterson, and Castillo collections being 26 mm), shows that Eustaquio de León clearly did not wish to subject the newly constructed coining press to excessive stress during the early trial strikes. This is reminiscent of his request to issue the hand-struck gold coinage on reduced diameter flans. The imperfect condition of this new press is also hinted at from the coin’s double or triple strike. Why this first press was not used to make regular coinage after that is unknown. A lack of price history makes it impossible to determine a fair estimate for this unique coin; the closest comparison is an example of the round 1733 half real (of which two or three are known), in much lesser grade and crudely plugged, that sold for 2600 Euros (about $3700) in Cayón in June 2009 (later estimated in Jara’s book for $5000). The historical importance of our 1742 coin from contemporary documentation, as well as its being a previously unknown denomination for the round silver coins of Philip V, and of a previously unpublished date (remember that all previously published round silver coins of Philip V are dated 1733), demands a healthy premium over the aforementioned 1733 half real.

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938. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1736J. S-G1; KM-3; CT-1458. 3.0 grams. Clear date, full mintmark and assayer, toned Fine with solder-mark on shield but no hole. Estimate: $50-$75.

939. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1737J. S-G1; KM-3; CT-1459. 3.4 grams. Choice, high-grade specimen (bold VF+) with full date, mintmark assayer and denomination, full and well-centered crowned shield, off-center pillars, nicely toned, a few old marks. Estimate: $150-$225. 940. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1739(J). S-G1; KM-3; CT-1461. 2.9 grams. Fascinating elongated shape with nearly half the flan past the design, choice full date and good details, contrastingly toned Fine. Estimate: $75-$110.

Miscellaneous cobs 941. Lot of 8 small silver cobs (various mints) and 1 Spanish bust 2R. 23.2 grams total. Decent but salvaged 4R Potosí Philip II, decent 1R Potosí 1715Y, plus worn Madrid bust 2R 1808AJ, but the other 6 coins are all low-end 1R and 1/2R cobs, artificially toned. Estimate: $80-$120.

Spain

942. Granada, Spain, 2 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer 943. Granada, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, crossR (Gothic) to left of arrows. CT-Type 198. 6.4 grams. Typically well-detailed full crown and shield and yoke-and-arrows, much legend including king’s name as FENANDVS (lacking the R and with backward N, which is backward in REGINA on the other side as well), XF with part of edge slightly crude. Estimate: $100-$150.

topped globes flanking shield. CT-321. 3.1 grams. Nicely toned AVF with nearly full legends (Gothic) and full crown and inner details. Estimate: $80-$120.

944. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer R to left. CT-Type 127; KM-Y39.6. 27.0 grams. Very thick, sharply 7-sided flan with choice full shield, .R. to left, slightly off-center full cross, toned VF with dark spots on reverse. Estimate: $125-$200.

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945. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Charles II, “Maria” type (1686-99), assayer not visible. CT-Type 83. 21.7 grams. Typically crude but with decent central detail (shield and cross-topped monogram), large natural void on monogram side, AVF overall, interesting variety with R of denomination punched over a smaller R. Estimate: $100-$150.

946. Lot of 4 cobs (three 8R and one 4R), Philip IV, assayers not visible, with small chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 92.1 grams. Typically crude and chunky but with recognizable details, the 2R with small X scratched into field, mostly silvery from light cleaning. Estimate: $100-$150.

(photo reduced)

947. Large lot of 22 Spanish cob 8 reales, Philip II through Philip IV, some with mintmarks and/or assayers visible. 235.5 grams total. Solid coins with generally good shields and crosses, AVF on average, one darkly toned and cut, a fun and challenging lot for study or resale. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

948. Madrid, Spain, cob 4 reales, 164(?)B. CT-Type 144; KM-Y35.4. 13.3 g rams. Full but

doubled shield with clear MD-B to left, good full cross-and-tressure with full HISPANIARVM in legend, darkly toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

949. Lot of 5 Spanish cob 4 reales, various mints, Philip II through Philip IV, some with mintmarks and/or assayers visible. 65.6 grams total. Decent coins, F-

VF on average, with generally good shields and crosses, one salvaged (probably “Rill Cove wreck” of ca. 1618). Estimate: $200-$300.

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953. Seville, Spain, cob 1 real, 1627R. CT-1091; KM-Y22.2. 3.4 grams. Full and bold date (rare thus), good but off-center shield and

cross, clear mintmark-assayer to left above king’s ordinal IIII, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

950. Lot of 2 Toledo, Spain, silver cobs of Philip III-IV (4R assayer P, and 2R assayer C). 20.6 grams total. Good full crosses, nearly full shields, F-AVF with light toning. Estimate: $60$90.

954. Seville, Spain, cob 1/2 real, 1627D. CT-1213; KM-Y16.3. 1.3 grams. Choice full cross with full date above (rare thus), choice

951. Segovia, Spain, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer oD,

full crown above nearly full monogram with D to left, toned AVF with slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $125-$200.

rare. CT-unl; Cay-unl. 6.9 grams. Round flan with nice full shield, to the right of which is a tiny oD above mintmark (unlisted arrangement), bold full cross, well-centered VF with toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

952. Seville, Spain, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Gothic D 955. Madrid, Spain, cob 1/2 real, Philip IV, assayer not below mintmark to left. CT-663. 3.1 grams. Typically choice full shield and cross with some legend, clear assayer, attractively toned VF+ with hairline edge-split and a few old scratches. Estimate: $100$150.

visible. KM-Y16.2. 1.5 grams. Unique style, with full monogram crown and MD to left, full cross-lions-castles, lightly toned VF+, probably important for the specialist. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Session IV: October 26, 2011, 3:00 p.m. EDT Ancient Coins Ancient Greece Indo-Greek Attica

956. ATTICA, Athens. Ca. 449-393 BC. AR tetradrachm. SNG Copenhagen 31. 17.0 grams. Helmeted head of Athena right,

shallow mark on the obverse field / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind; banker’s mark on right. Struck in high relief. Nicely toned VF. Estimate: $600-$900.

Boeotia 957. BOEOTIA, Thebes. 379-371 BC. AR hemidrachm. BCD Boiotia 410. 2.5 grams.

960. INDO-GREEK. Azes II. 30-50 AD. Lot of 32 AR

Boeotian shield / Cantharus; club above, small symbol to left, Q—EB across lower field; all in square incuse. Fine. Very rare. Estimate: $100$150.

drachms. 52 grams total. Various designs (portraits and figures), some rectangular-shaped, all somewhat corroded and/or worn, VG-F overall. Estimate: $70-$100.

Calabria Ionia

958. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Ca. 280-272 BC . AR didrachm. Vlasto 739-747. 6.3 grams. Pacing horse right, crowned by rider, with (NE)Y/(MH) below horse / Dolphin rider with shield left between stars, POAY top right, TAPAE below dolphin. VF with toning around details. Estimate: $250-$375.

961. IONIA, Teos. Mid-6th century. AR drachm.

SNG Copenhagen 1433. 5.4 grams. Griffin seated right, raising foreleg /

Quadripartite incuse square. Nice Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $500-$750.

959. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Ca. 272-240 BC. AR nomos, mounted in 14K necklace bezel. Vlasto 893. 9.3 grams total. Pacing horse right, crowned by rider / Dolphin rider holding tripod in right hand, cornucopia in left; rose behind. Choice AU coin, mounted dolphin side out. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Islands of Thrace 962. ISLANDS of THRACE, Thasos. After ca. 146 BC. AR tetradrachm. Cf Prokopov group XIV, class CD-1094 (V1/R877) = Prokopov & Kochev 27. Hoover 359. Imitative series. 16.6 grams.

Diademed head of youthful Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy / Herakles standing facing, head left, supporting grounded club and holding lion’s skin draped over arm; monogram in inner left field. Bold, toned AVF with slight bend. Estimate: $350-$500.

Kings of Macedon

963. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III (the Great). 336-323 BC. AV stater. Posthumous issue. Mounted in 18K bezel. Price 3707. 12.9 grams. Babylon mint. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left; monogram in left field and wreath with monogram MP in right field. AXF, mounted Athena side out. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

964. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III (the Great). 336-323 BC. AR tetradrachm. Cassander as regent, 317-305 BC. Amphipolis mint. Struck ca. 310-307 BC. Variety of Price 432; Ehrhardt 18; Mueller 101. 17.1 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus seated left; in left field, L above bucranium; E below throne. Nice AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

965. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III (the Great). 336-323 BC. AR tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. Struck under Cassander, Philip IV or Alexander V, ca. 310-294 BC. Mueller 73. Price 485. Ehrhardt 47. 17.2 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus seated left; torch before; below throne, dolphin right. Choice, lustrous XF. Estimate: $600-$900.

966. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III (the Great). 336-323 BC. AR drachm. Possibly Lampsacus mint. Price 1379. Mueller 631. 4.1 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus seated left; symbol before and under throne. Fine with toning around details. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Kings of Thrace

Pamphylia

967. KINGS of THRACE. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. Fourrée tetradrachm. Imitation of Lampsacus mint. Copper core showing through in areas. 15.2 grams. Diademed

970. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Ca. 183-175 BC. AR tetradrachm.

head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; monogram to inner left. AVF with toning and spots of green. Estimate: $100-$150.

Corinthian helmet / Nike alighting left, holding crown with depending ties, pomegranate on straight stem with lateral shoot before, magistrate across lower fields. Toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

SNG von Aulock 4797. 16.3 grams. Head of Athena right in triple-crested

Phoenicia Macedon

971. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC to 65/6 AD. AR tetradrachm (“Shekel of Tyre”). Dated 97/6 BC (CY 30).

968. MACEDON, Roman Protectorate. First Meris. Circa

BMC 116-7; HGC 10, 357. 14.1 grams. Laureate bust of Melkart right /

167-148 BC. AR tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. AMNG III/

Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background and HAP behind; to left, date LL above club; Phoenician bet between legs. AVF. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1, 178. Liampi, Schild M55. SNG Ashmolean 3299. 16.9 grams. Diademed head of Artemis right, with quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield; shield decorated with seven eight-pointed stars within double crescents / Club of Herakles within oak wreath; monograms around, thunderbolt to left. Lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

Moesia 972. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-65/6 AD. AR half shekel. Encapsulated NGC Ch F. HGC 10, 358. Laureate bust of Melkart right / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background and L behind; to left, date M above. Estimate: $600$900.

973. PHOENICIA, Sidon. Abd’Ashtart I. 372-358 BC. AR 1/16 shekel. BMC 36. 0.7

969. MOESIA, Istros. Ca. 400 BC. AR stater. AMNG I 431. SNG BM Black Sea 245. 5.9 grams. Facing male heads, the left inverted

/ Sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin with talons; H above eagle’s tail feathers, Delta below dolphin. Attractively rainbow-toned VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

gram. Phoenician letter (bet)

above war galley moving left over waves / Phoenician letter (ayin) between legs of King and lion in ritual killing scene. Darkly toned About Fine, somewhat crude. Scarce. Estimate: $40-$60.

203


Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt

974. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos. 285-246 BC. AR tetradrachm. Tyre mint. Struck ca. 285-261/0 BC. Svoronos 644. SNG Copenhagen 482-3. 13.8 grams. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, with wings closed; to left, Tyre monogram above club. About Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

975. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos. 285-246 BC. AR tetradrachm. Alexandria mint. Svoronos 349. 13.9 grams. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, with wings

closed; to left, monogram above A. About Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

976. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Cleopatra VII, Ptolemy XIV, XV and XVI. 51-30 BC. AR tetradrachm. Series A, with the initials of the mint of Paphos. Date LG = year 3 = 49 BC. Svoronos 1849. SNG Copenhagen 378. 13.8 grams. Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, with wings closed; to left, date LG in left field; PA behind eagle. Lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

Sikyonia 977. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Ca. 360-330 BC. AR hemidrachm.

2.7 grams. Chimaera advancing left, forepaw raised; monogram below / Dove flying left. Nicely toned Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

978. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Ca. 330-310/05 BC. AE dichalkon. Ex-BCD collection. Warren Group 5, 1st ser., 5.4a(1), Warren 1998, 22 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesus 305.4. 2.6 grams. Dove

979. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Ca. 330-310/05 BC. AE dichalkon. Ex-BCD collection. Warren Group 5, 1st ser., 5.3a, Warren 1998, 170 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesus 307.9. 4.0 grams. Dove

flying left / wreath. AVF with light orange sediment around details. Pedigreed to the BCD collection and plated in Warren. Estimate: $75-$110.

flying left / Wreath above small ME; all within wreath tying below. VF with traces of luster, some sediment. Pedigreed to the BCD collection and plated in Warren. Estimate: $75-$110.

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204


980. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Ca. 330-310/05 BC. AE dichalkon. Ex-BCD collection. Warren Group 5, 1st ser., 5.4a(3), Warren 1998, 65 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesus 305.6. 3.7 grams. Dove

flying left / EY within wreath below. Bold, dark AVF. Pedigreed to the BCD collection and plated in Warren. Estimate: $75-$110.

981. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Ca. 330-310/05 BC. AE dichalkon. Ex-BCD collection. Warren Group 5, 1st ser., 5.3a, Warren 1998, 154 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesus 307.9. 3.9 grams. Dove flying left / Wreath above small ME; all within wreath tying below. Nice, patinated AVF. Pedigreed to the BCD collection and plated in Warren. Estimate: $75-$110.

Syria 982. SYRIA under Rome. Type of Philip I, Philadelphus (93-83 BC) under Roman governor Aulus Gabinus. AR tetradrachm. Antioch mint (after 64 BC). RPC 1, 4124. 14.9 grams. Diademed head of Philip right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; monogram XAT to inner left, monogram below throne; all within wreath. Imitating the earlier types of Philip Philadelphos of the Seleukid line. Toned Fine with part of edge bent. Estimate: $80-$120.

Thrace 983. THRACE, Chersonesos. Ca. 350-300 BC. AR hemidrachm. McClean 4056. SNG Copenhagen 824-6. 2.4 grams. Forepart of lion right, head reverted /

Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters, pellets in opposite sunken quarters. Lightly rainbow-toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

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205


Ancient Rome Roman Republic

984. Roman Republic. A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus. 81 BC. AR serrate denarius. Rome mint. Crawford 372/2. Sydenham 746. 3.6 grams. Veiled head of Hispania right / Togate figure standing left, raising hand, between aquila and fasces. Richly toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

985. Roman Republic. C. Poblicius Q.f. 80 BC. AR serrate denarius. Rome mint. Crawford 380/1. RCV 308. Sydenham 768. 3.8 grams. Draped bust of Roma right, wearing helmet decorated with griffin-head and lateral feathers, ROMA behind, control letter N above /

Hercules strangling Nemean lion, club on ground beyond, strung bow and filled quiver in left field, C· POBLICI· Q· F on right, control letter N in upper left field. Lustrous VF with letters etched into field in front of face (ancient graffiti). Estimate: $300-$450. 986. Roman Republic. Mn. Aquilius. 65 BC. AR serrate denarius. Crawford 401/1. RCV 336. 3.8 grams. Draped bust of Virtus right in plumed helmet with feather on side / Warrior standing facing, head right, holding shield and raising slumped figure of Sicilia with right arm; SICIL in exergue. Bold Fine+ with contrasting toning. Estimate: $275-$400.

Roman Empire 987.

Roman Empire. Vespasian. 69-79 AD. AR denarius. Rome mint. Struck 73 AD. RIC 55. BMCRE 86. RSC 164. 3.2 grams. Laureate bust of Vespasian

right / Clasped hands holding caduceus and two corn ears. Attractively toned Fine. Estimate: $70-$100.

Roman Empire. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. AR denarius. RIC 116 variety. BMCRE

990. Roman Empire. Constantine I (the Great). 306-337

251. RSC 212a. 3.1 grams. Laureate

laureate crested helmet and necklace / Wolf to left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above. Dark AVF, slightly crude edge. Pedigreed to the Cridling Stubbs hoard of 1967. Estimate: $40-$60.

988.

bust right, draped far shoulder / Clementia standing left sacrificing over altar from patera and holding scepter. Nice Fine, toned. Estimate: $40-$60.

AD. “Urbs Roma” commemorative AE 3/4. Lugdunum mint. Struck 325 AD. 2.6 grams. Draped bust of Roma left, wearing

991. Roman Empire. Valentinian I. 364-375 AD. AV 989. Roman Empire. Philip I (Arabs). 244-249 AD. AE sestertius. Rome mint. Struck 245 AD. Sear 9003; RIC 148a; Cohen 121. 17.0 grams. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right /

Philip seated left, holding globe and parazonium. Patinated XF/VF. Estimate: $275-$400.

solidus. Antioch mint, 1st officina. Struck 364 AD. RIC IX 2b. Depeyrot 20/1. 4.2 grams. Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Emperor standing facing, head right, holding Victory on globe and standard with cross; long cross to left, *ANTI*. Nice Fine+ with light red toning on fields. Estimate: $700-$900.

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World Silver Coins Argentina

993. Argentina (Potosí mint), 2 reales, 992. Argentina (Tucumán), “imitation cob” 2 reales, date of “758”

1813J. KM-3. 6.7 grams. Toned VF with some

between pillars and “754” below cross (struck between 1820 and 1824), very rare. Janson-Tucumán 12.3; KM-unl. 5.9 grams. Unpriced in Janson, this specimen

original luster, slightly crude edge (as made) with tiny hole, slightly wrinkled flan. Estimate: $80-$120.

with good full cross, full pillars with clear date, lightly toned all over but also some black spots in crevices. Estimate: $600-$900.

994. Córdoba, Argentina, 4 reales, 1847. KM-24.3. 12.8 grams. Silvery VF with a few old scratches, slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

995. Córdoba, Argentina, 4 reales, 1851. KM-24.3. 12.6 grams. Lustrous AU, part of edge weakly struck. Estimate: $250-$375.

996. Córdoba, Argentina, 2 reales, 1844.

KM-23. 6.2 grams.

Bold XF with luster and deep auburn toning, parts of edge slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

997. Córdoba, Argentina, 2 reales, 1844.

KM-23. 6.3 grams.

Silvery Fine with slightly weak centers. Estimate: $50-$75.

998. Córdoba, Argentina, 1/4 real, (1853-4). KM-33.1. 0.7 gram. Deeply toned XF+, simple design but nicely executed. Estimate: $125-$200.

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999. Argentina, copper-nickel 10 centavos, 1899 encapsulated NGC MS 62. Janson-93.1; KM-35. Lustrous and very lightly rainbow-toned. Priced at $200 in UNC in new Janson reference. Estimate: $100-$150.

1000. Argentina, silver medal, made from a Falkland Islands 25 pounds, Elizabeth II, 1986, overstruck in center with original obverse die for Argentina (Buenos Aires) Charles IV medal of 1808 and separately stamped on the other side with EL RIO DE LA PLATA AL RIO TAMESIS RESPONDE… (“the Plate River responds to the Thames River...”), very rare (only 17 made). 151.1 grams. Very strange and interesting item made by prominent Argentinean numismatist Carlos Janson, who owned the original obverse die for the 1808 medal and used it to mutilate a large British bullion coin in response to the Falkland War between Great Britain and Argentina in 1982 (only 15 of the 17 he made were released to the market). The original 1808 medal itself is very rare and famous, made by designer Arrabal, with the bust of the king on the obverse and the reverse showing a lion holding a Spanish flag over an English flag, in reference to the defeat of the English during their unsuccessful invasion of the Río de la Plata area in 1806-7 during the Napoleonic Wars. Only 12 pieces of the first design were made, in Chile, which was deemed too few, whereupon the Cabildo in Buenos Aires commissioned a new design with that city’s name in the obverse legend (as we see here), of which only 25 were made. Yet a third design changed the obverse legend to what we see on the other side of the Janson piece (EL RIO DE LA PLATA AL RIO TAMESIS RESPONDE...). Of further interest is the fact that the British consul of 1824-32, Sir Woodbine Parish, acquired as many of the 1808 medals as he could and brought them back to England, where they were probably melted. Housed in original Royal Mint box with card. Estimate: $500-$750.

Austria-Hungary 1001. Austria-Hungary, 2 florin, Franz Joseph I, 1879, made into a small silver tray. KM-2233. 82.0 grams total, approx. 4" in diameter. Toned but (of course) polished XF, more of a general antique

but of appeal to numismatists. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Belgium

1002. Belgium, 5 francs, Leopold I, 1853. KM-17. 25.0 grams. 1003. Belgium, 20 francs, Albert, 1931. Lustrous UNC with bagmarks in fields, quite flashy. Estimate: $200$300.

KM-102. 19.8 grams.

Toned AXF with a few minor marks. Estimate: $70-$100.

Bolivia (colonial) Busts

1004. Bolivia (Chuquisaca, now known as Sucre), 8 reales 1006. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional proclamation medal, Charles IV, 1789. Medina-179. 24.6 grams.

(bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790PR. KM-64; CT-711.

Richly toned and problem-free VF, struck on a pillar dollar flan with typical “tulip” edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

27.0 grams. Lustrous, broad-flan AU-. Estimate: $100-$150.

1005. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789PR. KM-64; CT-710. 27.1 grams. Lustrous XF+ with old scratch above eye, slightly off-

1007. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-73; CT-732. 27.0 grams. AU with choice luster. Estimate: $125-

$200.

center strike on a typically broad flan. Estimate: $100-$150.

209


1008. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. KM-84; CT-606. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU- with hairline scratches in

1011. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818PJ.

front of face, starting to tone. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-84; CT-607. 26.9 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks.

Estimate: $125-$200.

1009. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. KM-84; CT-606. 26.8 grams. Nice AU- with light, colorful toning and

1012. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ.

luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-84; CT-608. 26.7 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks.

Estimate: $125-$200.

1010. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818PJ. KM-84; CT-607. 27.0 grams. Brightly lustrous Mint State, slightly off-

1013. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ.

center strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-84; CT-608. 27.0 grams. Nice AU with bold and highly lustrous

reverse. Estimate: $125-$200.

1014. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ. KM-84; CT-608. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU with spots of toning, parts

of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $125-$200.

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1015. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1825J, rare single-letter assayer and final date of colonial issue. KM-84; CT-616. 27.0 grams. Very lightly toned XF with slightly crude

edge (as made), important and desirable issue. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1016. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 17??PR, bust engraved into the shape of a plume. KM-53. 2.9 grams. Curious (unattributed) mutilation, clearly quite old and circulated after the fact, overall no better than VG but with clear details and richly toned. Estimate: $50-$100.

1017. Bolivian alpaca-cloth coca leaf pouch with 10 silver coins sewn onto the outside. 132.7 grams. Vividly colored native cloth on one side of which are sewn the following holed coins in toned Fine on average (from left to right, top to bottom): Potosí 4 soles 1857FJ; Potosí 4R 1797PP; Potosí 1/2 melgarejo 1865; Potosí 4R 1788PR; Potosí 4R 1808PJ; Lima 2R 1791IJ; Potosí 4 soles 1830JL; Lima 2R 1794IJ; Potosí 4R 1799PP; and Santiago 2R 184(?)IJ. Estimate: $100-$150.

Bolivia (Republic)

1018. Potosí, Bolivia, 2 reales proclamation medal, 1825, commemorating the liberation of Colombia and Peru, ex-Derman collection. Fonrobert-9468. 6.7 grams. Lightly toned

1019. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1861FJ.

KM-138.6. 19.7 grams.

Lustrous and lightly toned XF+, no problems. Estimate: $50-$75.

and lustrous UNC, no problems, exceptional quality for this issue and probably the finest known. Pedigreed to the Coco Derman collection. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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1020. Potosí, Bolivia, (4 soles), 1860FJ, rare. KM-139. 9.8 grams. AVF with luster and toning around legends. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1024. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 boliviano, 1865FP. KM-152.1. 25.2 grams. 1021. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, silver minors: (2 soles), Problem-free AU with attractive toning and luster. Estimate: $501862FJ; (1/2 sol), 1860FJ; 1/4 sol, 1852. 7.2 grams total. AXF on

$75.

average with light toning and subtle luster, no problems. Estimate: $125-$200.

1022. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/4 sol, 1852, encapsulated ICG AU58. KM-111. Very lightly rainbow-toned with subdued luster. Estimate: $100-$150.

1025. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 boliviano, 1871ER, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-155.3. Lustrous and attractively toned all over. Estimate: $70-$100.

1026. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 boliviano, 1871ER.

KM-155.3. 25.0 grams. AU- with muted luster, die-crack below date. Estimate: $50-

$75.

1023. Lot of 2 Bolivia (Potosí), silver medallic coins of 1865 (1/2 melgarejo and 1/4 melgarejo). 14.0 grams total. AVF on average, prescribed low fineness (0.666) manifest as a plated appearance on the larger coin. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1027. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 boliviano, 1872FE, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-155.4. Brightly lustrous, with several small diecracks. Estimate: $80-$120.

212


1028. Bolivia, 50 centavos, 1873FE, “12 Gms 500 Mms” 1030. Potosí, Bolivia (struck in Paris), copper 2 centavos, error, rare. KM-161.2. 12.4 grams. Attractively toned XF+, fewer than 10 known. Estimate: $200-$300.

1883-A. KM-168. 10.0 grams. Problem-free Mint State with original

1029. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/5 boliviano, 1864FP.

1031. Potosí, Bolivia (struck in Paris), copper 1 centavo,

KM-151.1. 4.7

luster and color. Estimate: $60-$90.

1883-A. KM-167. 5.1 grams. Prooflike Mint State with original luster

grams. Toned XF with traces of luster. Estimate: $35-$50.

and color. Estimate: $35-$50.

Brazil

1032. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, 1817-R, struck over a 1033. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, 1817-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8R. KM-307.3. 27.3 grams. XF with subtle luster, full details including central mintmark, very faint evidence of undercoin visible. Estimate: $80-$120.

Spanish colonial bust 8R. KM-307.3. 27.6 grams. Lustrous XF+ with letters, pillars and shield of undercoin faintly visible. Estimate: $80-$120.

1034. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, 1824-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8R of Charles IV. KM-368.1. 26.8 grams. Toned XF, off-center obverse, date interfered by undercoin lettering (ordinal IIII visible). Estimate: $50-$75.

213


1037. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, 1749-R, with “ICO” 1035. Brazil (Rio mint), 640 reis, 1821-R. KM-325.2. 17.8 grams. countermark on obverse (1829-32), rare. KM-157.1 (host). 9.2 grams. Bold AU countermark, normally seen on copper coins, struck

Deeply toned XF+. Estimate: $100-$150.

during a revolution in the province of Ceará at the town of Icó (using a retrograde G for a C), the host coin VF, silvery and non-toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

1036. Brazil (Rio mint), 640 reis, 1824-R. KM-367. 17.9 grams. Deeply toned XF, parts of legend (including date) weakly struck. Estimate: $100-$150.

1038. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, 1818-R, low mintage. KM324.2. 9.1 grams. Deeply toned VF+, only 20,686 pieces struck. Estimate: $200-$300.

1039. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, 1820-R. KM-324.2. 8.9 grams. Lustrous and richly rainbow-toned XF. Estimate: $100-$150.

Chile (colonial) Busts

1040. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1785DA, rare. CT-1024; KM-31. 26.5 grams. VF+ with weak centers, one small chopmark on bust, lightly toned. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

214


Chile (Republic)

1041. Chile, copper 1/2 centavo, 1853, with GUERRA [del

1042. Santiago, Chile, 20 centavos, 1891, 0.2 fine (debased).

Pacifico] and B H / C (incuse) countermarks pertaining to the Pacific War with Peru and Bolivia in 1879-1883. KM-

KM-138.3. 4.9 grams. Lustrous VF+ with plated appearance due to

low fineness, one year type. Estimate: $75-$110.

126 (host). 4.9 grams. Partial countermark with deep additional letters

on a Fine host with flattened details on opposite side, nice brown color with dark crevices, interesting issue. Estimate: $50-$75.

China Hong Kong

1043. China, Hong Kong (British), one dollar, 1868. KM10. 26.8 grams. Problem-free XF with subtle toning around details. Estimate: $600-$900.

1044. Hong Kong (Xianggang Yintao), China, Xiangxin Gold Shop, silver 2 taels bar (1930s-1941). 112.8 grams. Marked on one side with “Xiang Xin Jin Qian Shang Biao” (Xiangxin Gold Shop, Golden Coin Trade Mark), “Xiang Gang-Wen Xian Dong Jie” (Hong Kong, Wenxian East Street), “Dian Hua Chun Yin Tiao” (electrotypically pure silver bar), “Xiang Gang Xiang Xin Jin Pu” (Hong Kong, Xiangxin Gold Shop), all nicely toned, VF or better. Estimate: $250-$375.

1045. Hong Kong (Xianggang Yintao), China, Xiangxin Gold Shop, silver 2 taels bar (1930s-1941). 74.7 grams. Marked on one side with “Xiang Xin Jin Qian Shang Biao” (Xiangxin Gold Shop, Golden Coin Trade Mark), “Xiang Gang-Wen Xian Dong Jie” (Hong Kong, Wenxian East Street), “Dian Hua Chun Yin Tiao” (electrotypically pure silver bar), “Xiang Gang Xiang Xin Jin Pu” (Hong Kong, Xiangxin Gold Shop), silvery AVF. Estimate: $175$250.

1046. Hong Kong (Xianggang Yintao), China, Xiangxin Gold Shop, silver 1 tael bar (1930s-1941). 37.7 grams. Marked with “Xiang Xin Jin Qian Shang Biao” (Xiangxin Gold Shop, Golden Coin Trade Mark), “Xiang GangWen Xian Dong Jie” (Hong Kong, Wenxian East Street), “Dian Hua Chun Yin Tiao” (electrotypically pure silver bar), and “Xiang Gang Xiang Xin Jin Pu” (Hong Kong, Xiangxin Gold Shop). Highly detailed XF with dark sediment around details. Estimate: $90-$135.

215


General 1047. Representative collection of Chinese bronze coins and paper money in original folder with merchant business cards and purchase receipts. 10" x 7", almost 2 lb total. A representative collection of Chinese monetary instruments ranging from shell money from the 21st century BC to paper money from the 1940s, but mostly bronze coins, all with diagrams and explanations in Chinese on the pages onto which the pieces are pasted (the folder itself dating to the mid-1900s and slightly battered), nothing overly rare or choice but probably worth much more now than the 720 yuan the consignor paid for it in 2001. Estimate: $500-$750.

Provincial ingots

1048. China, Guizhou Xiaoyuanding, provincial smallround ingot, 1 tael (late 1800s). BMC-Class LI. 73.2 grams. Coneshaped ingot with one incuse square stamp on top that says “Shou” (long life), lightly toned, probably no worse than AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

1049. China, Shaanxi Caoding, provincial “trough ingot” (local tax ingot), 5-1/2 taels (late 1800s). cf BMC-Class XLII Group B #500. 99.8 grams. Concave oval ingot with flat bottom, one large incuse marking on top that says “Xi An Shou Yong Qu...” (Xi’an Capital...), corroded VF with some dark toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

1050. China, Yunnan Sanchuo Jieding, provincial 3-stamp remittance (bank) ingot, 5 taels (late 1800s). BMC-class LXVI. 204.7 grams. Saddle-shaped ingot marked on top with “Chang Ji Hui Hao Wen Yin” (Chang Bank, remittance bank fine silver), AVF, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $450-$675.

Sycee ingots 1051. China, sycee ingot, Yuansi Changyuankezi (Fine Silk Oval Ingot), 1800s. BMC-Class LXXXV Group B. 41.0 grams. Small, hemispherical ingot with its round surface cratered but its smooth, flat top deeply stamped with a square, incuse mark, probably XF or better for actual wear. Estimate: $60-$90.

216


Colombia (colonial) Busts

1052. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1798/7JJ, plain edge, rare. R-80.9 (unlisted variety); KM-59. 6.5 grams.

Undersized flan but essentially full weight, with no design applied to edge, lightly toned AVF for type. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1053. Bogotá, Colombia, silver “2 reales” proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Medina-38; R-page 139. 6.9 grams. Lustrous AU with faint surface hairlines. Estimate: $200-$300.

1056. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1819FJ, assayer NOT inverted. R-111.17; KM68.1. 3.2 grams. Lightly toned and problem-free VF for type. Estimate:

$80-$120.

1054. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1814JF, rare. R-114.7; KM-70.2. 6.6 grams. Irregularly-shaped flan (as made), lightly toned AVF for type. Estimate: $800-$1,000.

1057. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1812. R-100.7; KM-67.1. 0.9 gram. Bold AXF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

1055. Pasto, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822O, scarce. R-115.1; KM-74. 5.3 grams. Broad flan but typically crude strike with some parts bold and others weak or off the flan, off-center, broad flan (inexplicably underweight), toned Fine, desirable as the only coinage from this mint, the only non-Republican Colombian coinage of 1822, the final date of Colombian colonial coinage, and the only New World coinage to mention the new Spanish Constitution in the legend. Estimate: $80-$120.

1058. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1817. R-100.17; KM-67.1. 0.8 gram. Lightly toned AXF, struck slightly off-center, better date. Estimate: $100-$150.

217


Colombia (Royalist) 1059. Popayán (Royalist), Colombia, copper 8 reales, 1813. R-121.1; KM-B3. 3.4 grams. Choice XF with weak centers but bold

legends, traces of original luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

1060. Popayán (Royalist), Colombia, copper 2 reales, 1813. R-116.1; KM-B2. 1.7 grams. Lovely UNC with original luster and color

in legends. Estimate: $250-$375.

1061. Cartagena (Royalist), Colombia, copper 2 reales, fantasy date “800” (ca. 1815), struck over Cartagena (Republican) 2 reales 1813 (clear date), rare. R-118.1; KM-unl. 5.3 grams. Crude strike as usual but superb grade (XF with traces of original color and luster) with full details. The restrikes of this type were once attributed to Venezuela, but now experts agree they are Colombian, possibly from Santa Marta instead of Cartagena. The most complete modern treatment is by Rosenman (pp. 34-40 in his book), who calls them “The Montalvo Issue” in reference to the viceroy who ordered them struck. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

1062. Santa Marta (Royalist), Colombia, 2 reales, fantasy date “184” (ca. 1815), upside-down castles, rare. Like R-118.2 but solid silver; KM-unl. 2.6 grams. Choice, bold specimen with full cross and pillars, perfectly round, attractively toned, VF+, with the 4 in the date tilted inward, an unlisted date of a type that Rosenman does not attribute except to say “Montalvo Issue” and Restrepo lumps in with Cartagena. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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1063. Santa Marta (Royalist), Colombia, 2 reales, 1820, rare. R-117.1; KM-B5. 4.7 grams. Choice VF with light (greenish) toning, slightly off-center strike, bold details all over, struck in low-grade silver. Unlike the previous “cob” types, this issue bears a clear S-M mintmark in the quadrants of the cross, leaving no room for doubt as to its attribution. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1064. Santa Marta (Royalist), Colombia, copper 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1813, very rare. R-109.1; KM-C3. 1.2 grams. This small, crude coin with portrait on obverse and bold date on reverse is very important as the only issue of Colombia or Venezuela (possibly struck in Caracas) with the bust of Ferdinand VII (albeit an imaginary one). This specimen, VF+ and almost perfectly round, is exceptional compared to the others known. Note KM does not give values beyond VG grade, which it values at $2,500. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1065. Cartagena (Royalist), Colombia, copper 1/2 real, fantasy date “008” (1815), struck over Cartagena (Republican) 1/2 real of 1812-13, plate coin in Restrepo, rare. R-108.1 (this coin); KM-unl. 1.2 grams. Choice specimen (better than VF) with full monogram above tops of date, small but off-center cross, with minimal undercoin details visible, an issue formerly attributed to Salazar de las Palmas (Santander). Plate Coin in Restrepo. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1066. Bogotá (Royalist), Colombia, copper 1/4 real, no date (early 1800s), rare. R-102.1; KM-C1. 0.4 gram. Tiny coin with lion on obverse and mintmark NR, * and denomination 1/4 on reverse, this specimen darkly toned, holed and wrinkled but no worse than F. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1067. Santa Marta (Royalist), Colombia, copper 1/4 real, 1813. R-103.1; KM-C2. 1.3 grams. Choice VF for the type, with full and bold F.VII and SM, weaker but clear date, borders of dots on both sides bold. Estimate: $100-$150. 1068. Santa Marta (Royalist), Colombia, copper 1/4 real, 1820. R-104.1; KM-B4. 1.9 grams. Choice AU or better, with original luster and color on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

Colombia (Cartagena Republican necessity issues)

1069. Cartagena (Republican), Colombia, copper 1/2 real “piedfort” (double thickness), 1812. R-131.2; KM-D2. 7.0 grams. Extra-thick planchet, which the consignor believes was made that way intentionally at the mint, crude edge (as made) but full details, darkly toned Fine. Estimate: $250-$375. 1070. Cartagena (Republican), Colombia, copper 1/2 real, 1812. R-131.2; KM-D2. 2.0 grams. Choice XF+, darkly toned but fully detailed. Estimate: $150-$225. 1071. Cartagena (Republican), Colombia, copper 1/2 real, 1813. R-131.3; KM-D2. 2.3 grams. Choice VF, the obverse somewhat crude but the reverse bold. Estimate: $175-$250.

Colombia (Republic of Colombia / Cundinamarca)

1072. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1820JF, with stars in legend on both sides, very rare. R-155.2; KM-C5. 5.8 grams. VG with weak centers and hairline scratches but with bold date and clear stars (actually rarer than the references indicate), full CUNDINAMARCA. Estimate: $175-$250.

1073. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1821, without BA. R-145.2; KM-79.1. 0.7 gram. AVF for type, nicely toned and problem-free, much scarcer variety without mintmark. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Colombia (Republic of New Granada)

1074. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 reales, 1849/8, rare. R-196.4; KM-107. 24.9 grams. Lustrous, silvery AVF with weak center on reverse, bold date with clear 9/8. Estimate: $200-$300.

1075. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1849.

R-190.5; KM-105. 5.0 grams. Lustrous UNC, beautifully rainbow-toned, with 8/8 in date.

Estimate: $90-$135.

1076. Bogotá, Colombia, copper 1 décimo de real, 1848. R-171.2; KM-102. 9.9 grams. Lustrous MS with original red color, choice grade, quite beautiful. Estimate: $125-$200.

Colombia (Granadine Confederation)

1078. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1861, three stars.

1077. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1861, rare. R-226.5; KM-126.

R-221.4; KM-132.1. 0.7 gram. Lightly toned XF, no problems. The three

25.0 grams. Lustrous VF with partially weak rims, actually much rarer

stars below the denomination make this an issue of the Granadine Confederation, as opposed to the United States of New Granada or the United States of Colombia. Estimate: $200-$300.

than New Granada for this date, despite what KM says. Estimate: $200-$300.

Colombia (United States of New Granada) 1079. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1861. R-243.1; KM-138. 25.1 grams. Problem-free VF, parts of rim weak (as made), overpriced in KM due to error in government listing. Estimate: $125-$200.

221


1080. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1865. R-315.4; KM-139.1. 24.9 grams. BU with a few minor bagmarks, very flashy and impressive, a rare grade for this type to be sure. Estimate: $300-$450.

1083. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1869.

R-318.1; KM-154.2. 24.9 grams. Highly lustrous BU/AU- with weakly struck center on

reverse, minor rim-flaws on obverse, very flashy and impressive. Estimate: $200-$300.

1081. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1866. R-315.5; KM-139.1. 24.9 grams. Attractively rainbow-toned XF+, no problems. Pedigreed to 1084. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1870.

Ponterio auction #124 (lot 1595). Estimate: $150-$225.

R-318.3; KM-154.2. 24.8 grams. UNC/AU with subtle luster and toning, faint surface

hairlines, impressive grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

1082. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1868, very rare. R-317.1; KM-154.1. 24.5 grams. Lustrous, non-toned VF+ with slightly weak centers, minor natural rim-flaws on reverse, desirable first year of new design. Estimate: $500-$750.

1085. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1871. R-317.2; KM-154.1. 24.8 grams. Problem-free BU, highly lustrous, nearly perfect except for minor bagmarks in fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

1086. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1871.

R-318.5; KM-154.2. 25.1 grams. Choice XF+, toned around rims only, no problems.

Estimate: $150-$225.

222


1087. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 décimos, 1872. R-281.1; KM-155.1. 5.0 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned XF with weak centers, hint of original

luster, scarce one-year type. Estimate: $250-$375.

1088. Medellín, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1874/3-AB (Barre). R-271.1; KM-151.2. 2.2 grams. Decent VF with light toning and luster, hairline flan-split at date, above which are the designers’ initials, scarce one-year type. Estimate: $100-$150.

1089. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1865. R-246.4; KM-143.1. 0.6 gram. Rainbow-toned VF+ with a few old marks, hairline flansplit, vastly underpriced in KM. Estimate: $125-$200.

1090. Bogotá, Colombia, 2-1/2 centavos, 1877. R-249; KM169. 0.7 gram. Beautifully toned in red and yellow, UNC with muted luster, minor die-cracks on obverse, vastly underpriced in KM. Estimate: $125-$200.

1091. Bogotá, Colombia, 2-1/2 centavos, 1878. R-249; KM169. 0.7 gram. Non-toned BU (rare grade) with weak rims, very flashy, vastly underpriced in KM. Estimate: $150-$225.

Colombia (Republic of Colombia)

1093. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 centavos, 1934, without B, rare. R-377.5; KM-196.1. 2.5 grams. Nice XF+ with hint of luster and toning.

Estimate: $150-$225.

1092. Lot of 3 nickel-plated steel Proofs of 1967: 50c, 20c and 10c. R-page 283; KM-226-8. 9.1, 4.5 and 2.6 grams. A scarce

1094. Colombia (struck in Denver), copper-nickel 2

(complete) set of virtually flawless Proofs, all 3 with traces of fingerprints (always use gloves!). Estimate: $150-$225.

2.9 grams. Lightly toned UNC (rare grade) with muted luster. Pedigreed

centavos, 1920, ex-Dana Roberts collection. R-354.3; KM-198. to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

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Costa Rica

1095. Costa Rica, 2 reales counterstamp, 1846 (Type V), on a Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2R, probably Charles II (unlisted host). KM-unl. 6.0 grams. Curious shape, nicely toned, with just enough detail on the host to recognize the mint, counterstamp AVF, attempted holes (old) at point. Estimate: $125-$200.

1096. Costa Rica, 1 real counterstamp, 1846 (Type IV), on a Lima, Peru, cob 1R of Philip V assayer M. KM-47. 2.8 grams. Bold AVF counterstamp with cross and pillars of host (VG) peeking through, nicely toned, old hole at point. Estimate: $90-$135.

1097. Costa Rica, 1 real, 1847JB, commemorative of 1846 Constitution, colonial edge, assayer B not in retrograde (very rare variety). KM-65.1 variant. 3.0 grams. Toned Fine (attractive for the grade) with lots of things going on for a small coin, not the least of which is the fact that it has a circle-and-dot “rope” edge leftover from colonial issues as opposed to the later milled-edge type. Estimate: $125-$200.

1098. Lot of 2 Costa Rica 1/2R with “lion” countermark (Type VI, 1849-57) on Central American Republic 1/2R of 1831F and 1843M. 2.9 grams total. VF countermarks on F hosts, both nicely toned and problem-free. Estimate: $125-$200.

1099. Lot of 2 Costa Rica 1/2R with “lion” countermark (Type VI, 1849-57) on Central American Republic 1/2R of 1847JB and 1848JB (both with CREZCA). 2.7 grams total. VF countermarks on F hosts, the 1857 nicely toned but the 1848 non-toned. Estimate: $80-$120.

1100. Lot of 2 Costa Rica 50 centavos (1865 and 1875). KM-112. 24.4 grams total. AVF on average, a few marks but nicely toned. Estimate: $80-$120.

1101. Lot of 2 Costa Rica 50 centavos (1880 and 1890). KM-124. 25.4 grams total. Lightly toned and subtly lustrous XF (both). Estimate: $80-$120.

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1102. Lot of 3 Costa Rica silver minors: 25c 1875; 25c 1887 (9 Ds-GW); and 10c 1865. 14.9 grams total. Attractively rainbowtoned AVF to XF, the 1887 with original luster. Estimate: $100-$150.

1103. Costa Rica, 50 centavos, lion counterstamp (Type VII, 1889) on a Bogotรก, Colombia, 50c of 1882. KM-134.1. 12.4 grams. Choice counterstamp (XF+), decent host (AXF), both attractively toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

1104. Costa Rica, 50 centavos, 1903JCV, no counterstamp.

KM-Y41. 9.9 grams. AU with pretty rainbow toning, subtle luster.

Estimate: $200-$300.

Dominican Republic

1105. Dominican Republic, 1 peso, 1939. KM-22. 26.6 grams. 1106. Proof set of one 1/2 peso and one 10 centavos (both Bold AXF with lightly cleaned fields, toned around details, lowmintage issue. Estimate: $100-$150.

copper-nickel), 1973, made by London Royal Mint, in original case with card. 12.5 and 2.5 grams, case 6-1/8" x 3-1/4". Perfect but non-cameo proofs with light golden toning, one of only 500 sets made. Estimate: $70-$100.

Ecuador

1107. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1841MV.

KM-24. 13.2 grams.

Golden-toned AVF with original luster in legends. Estimate: $200$300.

1108. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1842MV. KM-24. 12.7 grams. Attractively toned VF with slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

1109. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1842MV. KM-24. 11.4 grams. Barely AVF, with dull olive toning all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1115. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1849GJ, encapsulated NGC 1110. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1862. KM-41. 12.6 grams. Fine+ VF 35. KM-36. Evenly dark gray toning all over. Estimate: $100with a few old marks and light rainbow toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

1111. Quito, Ecuador, 2 reales, 1836-FP.

$150.

KM-18. 6.7 grams.

1116.

Ecuador, 1/2 sucre, 1884-HEATON BIRMINGHAM. KM-52. 12.2 grams. Toned VF with minor rim-

Decent VF, toned around details. Estimate: $300-$450.

flaw below date. Estimate: $80-$120.

1117. Ecuador, copper-nickel 10 centavos, 1919, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-64. Choice specimen with prooflike luster. Estimate: $60-$90.

1112. Lot of 3 Quito, Ecuador, minors: 2R 1837FP (2) and 1118. Ecuador, copper-nickel 1 centavo, 1909-H (Heaton), 1/2R 1840MV (holed). 14.4 grams. F-VF, mostly good toning, the

encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines. KM-58.

1/2R crudely holed. Estimate: $70-$100.

Lightly rainbow-toned, no luster. Estimate: $50-$75.

1119. Ecuador, copper-nickel 1/2 centavo, 1884 HEATON 1113. Quito, Ecuador, 1 real, 1833GJ. KM-13. 3.2 grams. Decent BIRMINGHAM, encapsulated NGC AU details / surface VF with contrasting toning around details, desirable first year of national coinage (“El Ecuador en Colombia�). Estimate: $125-$200. 1114. Quito, Ecuador, 1/2 real, 1838ST. KM-22. 1.8 grams. AVF with deep toning on fields, slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $60-$90.

hairlines. KM-47. Lustrous and golden-toned. Estimate: $80-$120. 1120. Ecuador, copper-nickel 1/2 centavo, 1909-H (Heaton), encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines. KM-57. Subtle rainbow toning, no luster. Estimate: $50-

$75.

226


1121. Lot of 4 Ecuador 10 sucres, 1991, “coins for the blind,” two with die errors. KM-92.2. 24.9 grams total. All lustrous Mint State, two of them with blatant die errors on both sides, including doubling and metal runoff (especially at the dates). Estimate: $60-$90.

El Salvador 1122. El Salvador, 2 reales, 1832-SS, provisional type. KM11.2. 4.7 grams. Lustrous VF with very weak centers and slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $275-$400.

1123. El Salvador, 8 reales, zigzag test mark (1834-5) and Guatemala sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839) on a Lima, Peru, 8 reales of 1839MB, plate coin in de Mey, very rare. KM-unl. 27.7 grams. Lightly toned AVF host with small edge-flaw, bold countermarks in fields flanking Liberty, the zigzag mark particularly rare. For comparison, a similar countermark combination on a 2R sold for $2090 this year (Heritage CICF, lot 25864), but the 8R is definitely much rarer. Plate coin #1088 in J.R. de Mey’s Les contremarques sur les monnaies (1982), and pedigreed to UBS sale #45 (1998), lot #3167. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

227


1124. El Salvador, 2 reales, arms countermark (Type V, 1868) on a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales of Charles III, 1773FM, initials facing rim (rare, unlisted host). KM-unl. 6.3 grams. Full countermark (AVF) on a worn (VG) but richly old-toned host coin, all important details clear. Estimate: $200-$300.

1125. El Salvador, 10 centavos, 1892-CAM. KM-110. 2.5 grams. Lustrous and beautifully rainbow-toned Mint State.

Estimate: $250-$375.

Essequibo & Demerary 1126. Essequibo & Demerary, 3 guilder, George III, 1809. KM-8. 23.1 grams. Toned VF+, the reverse strike much bolder than

the obverse, small flaw in rim. Estimate: $250-$375.

France

1129. France (Paris mint), 1/4 franc, Napoleon, 1806-A. KM-670.1. 1.3 grams. Beautifully rainbow-toned Mint State with original

1127. France (mint uncertain), ecu, Louis XIV, 1701, struck

luster, an extremely rare grade for this issue. Estimate: $600-$900.

over an earlier ecu. 27.1 grams. Attractively toned AXF with details from the undercoin peeking through. Estimate: $600-$900.

1128. France (mint uncertain), 1/2 ecu, Louis XIV, 1704, struck over a 1/2 ecu of 1701. 13.6 grams. Lustrous XF with colorful toning, much of the undercoin showing, particularly the date. Estimate: $400-$600.

1130. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, Louis XVIII, 1823-A. KM-711.1. 25.1 grams. Lustrous and attractively toned UNC with tiny marks on cheek and very minor rim-flaw. Estimate: $350-$500.

228


1131. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, Louis XVIII, 1824-A.

1133. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, Charles X, 1828-A. KM728.1. 25.1 grams. Prooflike BU with minor rim bruise. Estimate: $600-

KM-711.1. 25.1 grams. Lustrous UNC with minor surface hairlines in

$900.

fields, some toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

1132. France (Bayonne mint), 5 francs, Charles X, 1826-L. KM-720.8. 24.9 grams. AU, lustrous and lightly toned, with surface

hairlines in fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

1134. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, Louis Philippe (without ordinal), 1830-A, raised lettering on edge, rare. Gadoury-675a; KM-738. 25.0 grams. AU-UNC with light toning and

subtle luster, desirable transitional issue. Estimate: $600-$900.

1135. France (Paris mint), 1 franc, Charles X, 1830-A, incuse-lettered edge. KM-724.1. 5.0 grams. Choice AU, lightly toned and lustrous. Estimate: $150-$225.

1136. France (Paris mint), 1 franc, Louis Philippe I 1847-A. KM-748.1. 5.0 grams. Mint State with faint surface hairlines, lustrous and attractively toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

229


1137. France (Paris mint), 1/2 franc, Charles X, 1828-A. KM-723.1. 2.5 grams. Choice Mint State with attractive toning and subtle

luster. Estimate: $150-$225.

1138. France (Rouen mint), 1/2 franc, Charles X, 1829-B. KM-723.2. 2.4 grams. Choice Mint State with attractive toning and subtle

luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

1139. France (Paris mint), 50 centimes, Louis Philippe I, 1848-A. KM-768.1. 2.5 grams. Lustrous Mint State with spotty toning and verdigris. Estimate: $150-$225.

1140. France (Rouen mint), 1/4 franc, Louis Philippe I, 184/30-A, extremely rare. KM-740.2. 1.3 grams. AU with subdued luster and toning, the overdate listed in KM as “1 known� (in VF grade, so clearly not the present specimen). Estimate: $500-$750.

1141. France (Bordeaux mint), 2 francs, 1870-K. KM-816.2. 9.9 grams. Choice XF+ with light toning, subtle luster and very minor rim-flaws (as made). Estimate: $300-$450.

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230


French colonies

1142. Lot of 2: One French colonial billon stampee (crowned-C) on blank planchet (1779), plus a French billon 2 sols of 1757-A. 4.3 grams total. Popular as used in the colonial US,

1143. French colonies, bronze 5 centimes, 1828-A. KM-10.1.

thin copper coins, the 1757 with details nicely contrasted against silvery fields and the stampee typically plain but bold, F-VF overall. Estimate: $35-$50.

Estimate: $50-$75.

10.6 grams. Choice XF+ with traces of original color and luster.

French Guiana 1144. French Guiana, copper-nickel 20 centimes pattern (essai), 1887, rare. KM-E2. 5.0 grams. Olive-toned VF with contrasting sediment around details, popular as struck by the French for the disputed Republic of Independent Guyana, better known by its capital Counani (Cunani), now part of Brazil. Estimate: $200$300.

German States 1145. Württemberg, German States, proof 3 mark, Wilhelm II, 1911-F, wedding anniversary, variety with highbar H in CHARLOTTE (possibly a pattern), rare. KM-637. 17.0 grams. Ultra-lustrous Proof with minor surface hairlines. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Great Britain 1146. London, England, copper “cartwheel” twopence, George III, 1797. Sp-3776; KM-619. 56.9 grams. AVF with a few edge-knocks as usual, dark chocolate brown color, popular issue now but considered unwieldy in its time. Estimate: $100-$150.

231


1149. London, England, 2 pence, Victoria, 1838, with diagnostic die-crack for exported issue (Jamaica), encapsulated ICG MS62. Sp-3914E; KM-729. A choice, lustrous

1147. Great Britain (Bank of England), 1 dollar, octagonal George III countermark (1804) on a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790FM. Sp-3766; KM-unl. 26.3 grams. Countermark

but necessarily tiny coin with die-crack from top of left-hand bough to rim, identifying it as among a shipment sent to the West Indies, specifically for use in Jamaica. Estimate: $50-$75.

1150. London, England, copper 1/4 farthing, Victoria, 1839. Sp-3953; KM-737. 1.1 grams. Bold UNC with luster, red-brown

and host both Fine, lightly toned, with lots of old marks, but much scarcer than the common oval countermark of a few years earlier. Estimate: $250-$375.

color all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

1148. London, England, half crown, George III (“bull-

1151. London, England, double florin, Victoria, 1889,

head” type), 1817, with countermarks A.H.R on chest and ROBERTSON across neck. Sp-3788; KM-667. 13.1 grams. VG

inverted 1 for second I in queen’s name. Sp-3923; KM-763.

with decent details due to contrasting toning, clear countermarks whose exact origin is unknown. Estimate: $60-$90.

face, no problems. Estimate: $50-$75.

22.1 grams. Well-detailed Fine with spot of dark toning in front of

Guatemala (colonial) Pillars

1152. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759J. CT- 1153. Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Ferdinand VI, 1759J. CT-538; 403; KM-17.1. 13.1 grams. AVF with very light toning, old hole at top, slightly off-center shield side. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-16. 3.0 grams. Typically crude Fine with uneven toning, not much contrast. Estimate: $100-$150.

232


Busts 1154. Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789M, with small chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. CT-911; KM43. 6.4 grams. Richly old-toned Fine with three identical chops on

bust, somewhat rare on smaller denominations. Estimate: $50-$75.

1155. Guatemala, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821M. CT1294; KM-65. 1.7 grams. Choice, lustrous Mint State, the obverse struck

slightly off-center. Estimate: $150-$225.

Guatemala (Central American Republic)

1156. Guatemala, Central America Republic, 1/4 real, 1831G. KM-1. 0.8 gram. BU with slightly crude rims (as made), very flashy. Estimate: $70-$100.

1157. Guatemala, Central America Republic, 1/4 real, 1837G. KM-1. 0.7 gram. BU, very lustrous and starting to tone. Estimate: $70-$100.

Guatemala (countermarked)

1158. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839) on a PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772(V-Y). KM-100. 26.5 grams. Fine host with bold date and denomination between pillars, full countermark (VF) on full cross above partial second date, toned fields, crudely holed. Estimate: $125$200.

1159. Guatemala, 4 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839) on a Mexican cob 4R of Philip V (assayer not visible), unlisted host. KM-unl. 12.9 grams. Curious shape, with very deep (AVF) countermark on non-

toned Fine host with good full shield, holed near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Guatemala (Republic)

1160. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1882-A.E. KM-208. 24.9 grams. Very lightly toned VF with old, circular scratches on cheek. Estimate: $50-$75.

1162. Lot of 79 Guatemala copper-nickel 1/4 reales, 19001161. Guatemala, 50 centavos, 1870-R. KM-195. 12.4 grams. Lustrous XF+ with faint rainbow toning, no

1901-H. KM-175. 85.4 grams total. Undamaged VF-XF, mostly toned, little coins that are useful for jewelry. Estimate: $200-$300.

problems except for a minor rim-ding. Estimate: $40-$60.

Haiti 1163. Lot of 2 Haitian minors: 12 centimes, AN 14 (1817), Petion; 6 centimes, AN 15 (1818), Boyer. KM-14 and 17. 1.8 grams total. Toned F-AVF with slightly crude edges (as made). Estimate: $60-$90.

Honduras

1165. Honduras, 25 centavos, 1902/1, F in

1164. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, “imitation cob� 2 reales, 1823P-

wreath above fineness, debased type. KM-

Y. KM-15.1. 6.7 grams. Choice full pillars and cross with all inner details (well

50a. 6.3 grams. Lustrous AU for this somewhat

centered), Bold VF with old gouge at edge to left of pillars, contrastingly toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

crude issue (rare grade), clear overdate. Estimate: $225-$350.

234


Ireland 1166. Ireland, brass “gunmoney” half crown, James II, 1690 (July). KM-101. 8.3 grams. Choice XF with weak centers, very brassy color (as opposed to the usual dark bronze) with contrasting toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $100-$150.

Italy

1167. Italy (Kingdom), 5 lire, Umberto I, 1879-R.

24.9 grams. Toned AXF with minor tape residue on both sides, no big

1168. Italy (Kingdom), 20 lire, Vittorio Emmanuel III, 1928-R (AN VI), WWI commemorative. KM-70. 19.9 grams.

problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

XF with light patchy toning, no problems, Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-20.

Laos

1169. Laos (Kingdom of Luang Prabang), 1-1/2 tamlung Lat Money (“tiger tongue” ingot), 1700s-early 1800s.

96.0

grams, 4-1/2" long. A long-oval ingot with characteristic pattern on top containing 3 incuse stamps, a type of currency adopted from Lan Xang, a large kingdom in what is now Laos and eastern Thailand, this specimen AVF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

Malta 1170. Malta (Order, knights of St. John), scudo, Emmanuel de Rohan, 1796. KM-342. 24.0 grams. Attractively toned XF with hint of luster, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

235


Mexico (colonial) Pillars

1171. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF.

1174. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

KM-103; CT-783. 26.7 grams. Lightly olive-toned AU-, no problems,

1743MF. KM-103; CT-795. 26.8 grams. Toned XF with strange old edge-gouge at bottom. Estimate: $300-$450.

scarce grade for non-salvage. Estimate: $600-$900.

1172. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-103; CT-787. 27.0 grams. Choice XF with attractive toning, slightly off-center pillars side. Estimate: $400-$600.

1175. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1745MF, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-103; CT-798. Bold and subtly lustrous, rare grade. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1173. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

1176. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

1743MF, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-103; CT-795. Incredibly lustrous and frosty, the shield side more like a ca.-1900 US Morgan dollar in appearance, top grade in NGC census (tied with two others), by far the choicest pillar dollar we have ever handled or seen. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

1746MF. KM-103; CT-800. 27.0 grams. Deeply toned AU-, no problems, quite attractive. Estimate: $600-$900.

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1180. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1177. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

1767MF. KM-105; CT-906. 26.8 grams. Nice XF, deeply toned around

1746MF, encapsulated ANACS EF 40. KM-103; CT-800.

rims, pillars side struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $250-$375.

Attractively rainbow-toned, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

1178. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1181. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1760MM, with tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. KM-103; CT-800. 27.1 grams. Lightly cleaned AU with deep toning around rims, 2 tiny chops on shield side only. Estimate: $300$450.

1769MF. KM-105; CT-909. 26.9 grams. AXF with golden toning around details, nice strike, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

1182. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-84; CT1287. 6.6 grams. AVF with dark toning (good contrast), mostly on reverse, no problems. Estimate: $125-$200.

1183. Mexico City, 1179. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1761MM, cross between H and I, encapsulated PCGS AU55. KM-105; CT-888. Highly lustrous and starting to tone nicely, the date unusually with large space between 17 and 61. Estimate: $400-$600.

Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-84; CT1290. 6.6 grams. Toned VF

with hint of luster, no problems. Estimate: $125-$200.

1184. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Philip V, 1744M. KM-

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75.2; CT-1606. 3.3 grams.

Bold VF with spotty dark toning on fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

237


Busts

1185. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1188. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1779FF. KM-106.2; CT-929. 27.0 grams. XF/AU with lustrous fields,

1792FM. KM-106.2; CT-939. 26.9 grams. Attractively toned XF with

spot of dark toning on part of edge. Estimate: $150-$225.

strange (old) marks on HISP, the rims there missing but evidently made that way. Estimate: $125-$200.

1186. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1780FF. KM-106.2; CT-930. 26.8 grams. Lightly cleaned XF with lustrous fields, nice strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

1189. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1795FM. KM-109; CT-689. 26.7 grams. VF with contrasting rainbow toning, a few marks, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $75$110.

1187. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1786FM. KM-106.2; CT-939. 27.0 grams. Lustrous XF, lightly cleaned but starting to tone, parts of edge slightly crude. Estimate: $150$225.

1190. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1795FM. KM-109; CT-689. 26.6 grams. Deeply old-toned AVF with tiny crescent-shaped punch (possibly a chopmark) on left pillar. Estimate: $70-$100.

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1191. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805TH. KM-109; CT-703. 27.0 grams. Nicely toned AXF with odd extra metal (as made) and streak of green below crown. Estimate: $75-$110.

1193. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1772FM, initials facing rim. KM-97.1; CT-1133. 13.4 grams. Cleaned VF+ with small parts of rims crude (as made) and weak spot at date. Estimate: $100-$150.

1194. Mexico City, Mexico, “2 reales” proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808, gilt. Medina-319. 6.6 grams. Lustrous XF, no

1192. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806TH. KM-109; CT-705. 26.8 grams. Lustrous, silvery XF with crude

problems, with faint reddish-yellow color all over from gilding. Estimate: $125-$200.

rims (as made). Estimate: $80-$120.

Mexico (War of Independence) Guadalajara

Oaxaca (Morelos/SUD)

1196. Oaxaca (Morelos/SUD), Mexico, copper 2 reales, 1195. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812, unlisted design. cf KM-226.1; CT-unl. 8.5 grams. XF for type,

1814MR. KM-111.3; CT-438. 25.4 grams. Typically somewhat crude but no worse than VF for the type, weak center on reverse, slightly out of round, nicely contrasting toning around details, old graffiti in front of bust (“C-10”). Estimate: $100-$150.

with some dark toning against a deep chocolate brown, mostly bold but some weak spots, 2 small divots (punchmarks?). Estimate: $50$75.

239


Zacatecas

1197. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817AG. KM-111.5; CT-688. 26.0 grams. VF for type with weak centers and spotty (mostly dark) toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1198. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821RG, rare variety with large space between Z and s. KM-111.5; CT-697. 27.2 grams. Lustrous UNC with typically weak center

on reverse, the obverse struck slightly off-center, hint of toning, choice grade for this type and a very unusual variety for the specialist. Estimate: $400-$600.

1199. Zacatecas, Mexico, 2 reales, 1811-LVO, flowers and castles in shield.

KM-186; CT-1062. 5.5 grams. AVF for type with

typically flat centers, rich old toning, slightly wavy flan. Estimate: $150-$225.

Mexico (Empire)

1200. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales, 1822JM, Iturbide. KM304. 27.1 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned VF+, no problems, popular short series. Estimate: $300-$450.

1201. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales, 1823JM, Iturbide. KM310. 26.8 grams. AXF with hint of luster and toning, slightly crude

rims (as made), popular short series. Estimate: $300-$450.

1202. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, 1822JM, Iturbide, with unidentified countermark. KM-301. 1.6 grams. F+ with very light toning, deep circular punch on eagle’s wing that may have design inside, curious variety with mintmark showing as O/0 above the M. Estimate: $35-$50.

240


Mexico (Republic)

1203. Guadalajara, Mexico, 1/2 real, 1850/49JG. KM-370.5. 1.7 grams. Fine+ with clear overdate (unpriced in KM, so probably rare), decent toning, crude rims (as made). Estimate: $40-$60.

1204. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, 1/4R: 1861LR and 1862LR. KM-368.6. 1.5 grams total. Both UNC and lustrous, with hint of toning, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico (Revolutionary) 1205. Durango (Cuencamé), Mexico, 1 peso, “Muera Huerta,” 1914, dot-and-dash border. KM-622. 21.0 grams. Attractively toned AXF with evidence of die-clashing, parts of rim crude (as made), popular revolutionary issue. Estimate: $300-$450.

Netherlands (United)

1206. Holland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1589, encapsulated NGC F 15. KM-11. Nicely rainbow-toned all over, nice even strike, more like VF-20 in our opinion. Estimate: $125$200.

1207. Holland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1591, encapsulated NGC VF 30 (mistakenly attributed to Friesland in slab). KM-11. Rainbow-toned all over (not much contrast), some original luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

1208. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616, encapsulated NGC F 15. KM-16. Richly toned, off-center lion side resulting in bold date, unusual coin alignment (most appear to be medallic). Estimate: $125-$200.

241


1209. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder,

1210. Friesland, United Netherlands, 1/2 “lion” daalder,

164(?). KM-14.2. 27.3 grams. Lustrous VF with scratches in fields,

no date (1619), encapsulated NGC VF 30. Lightly rainbow-

small natural void on last digit of date, traces of rainbow toning at rims. Estimate: $100-$150.

toned all over, unaligned axes. Estimate: $125-$200.

Netherlands (Kingdom) 1211. Netherlands (Kingdom), copper 1 cent, William I, 1821-B, very rare key date (lowest mintage). KM-47. 3.4 grams. Weak but discernible AVG with dents on shield, light brown color all over. Estimate: $90-$135.

Palestine 1212. Palestine, 50 mils, 1933, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-6. Bright and lustrous, just too many bagmarks in fields to make Mint State. Estimate: $100-$150.

Panama

1213. Panama, piedfort die-trial 5 centésimos, 1982, struck on oversized gold planchet, very rare.

KM-TS3. 13.2 grams.

Lustrous UNC with two large edge-cracks, a strange piece made from original dies on a thick flan made of gold of unknown fineness (not coin standard). KM says only about 15 were made. Estimate: $800-$1,000.

242


Paraguay

1215. Paraguay, pattern 50 centavos (unfinished date), struck over Argentina 50 centavos 1883, encapsulated ANACS MS 64, rare (unlisted). KM-unl (but PnD37 in gold).

1214. Paraguay (Asunci贸n), copper 4 cent茅simos, 1870. KM-4.3. 24.0 grams. Scarce, crude type struck in Asunci贸n, XF+ for

Choice and lustrous, starting to tone all over, with faint details from undercoin in and near the rims. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

the type, with crude rims (as made). Estimate: $400-$600.

Peru (colonial) Pillars

1216. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, 1764JM. KM-A64.1; CT-840. 26.7 grams. Choice, lustrous XF+ with nice subtle toning, light

1217. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1769JM,

corrosion at rims, old scratch above denomination. Estimate: $350$500.

845. 26.9 grams. Richly old-toned VF+ with evidence of clashed dies

crowns alike, dot above left mintmark only. KM-A64.2; CTin legends, no problems. Estimate: $350-$500.

Busts 1218. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1776MJ. KM78; CT-857. 26.7 grams. Bold AXF, no toning, popular date among US collectors. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1222. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1796IJ, “R8” 1219. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1777MJ. KM- error (rare). 78; CT-858. 26.9 grams. Silvery (lightly cleaned) XF with old scratches

below shield. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-97; CT-unl. 24.3 grams. Corroded from salvage (Leocadia, 1800) but with all details clear, including the erroneous denomination, a well-known and popular rarity, with decent toning all over. From the Leocadia (1800). Estimate: $300-$450.

1220. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1788IJ. KM- 1223. Lima, Per u, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII 78a; CT-873. 27.1 grams. Lustrous, slightly off-center XF+ with clear

(“imaginary” bust), 1811JP. KM-106.2; CT-476. 26.2 grams.

die-doubling on obverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

Lustrous AU- with weak high points as usual, slightly off-center strike, starting to tone. Estimate: $350-$500.

1221. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793IJ, encapsulated PCGS VF35. KM-97; CT-647. Lightly toned all over, with hint of luster, more like AVF to our eyes. Estimate: $70-$100.

1224. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812JP. KM-117.1; CT-478. 26.7 grams. Lustrous (cleaned) AU with slightly crude

rims (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

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1225. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1813JP.

1226. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819JP.

KM-117.1; CT-480. 26.9 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU with slightly

KM-117.1; CT-487. 27.3 grams. Off-center AU with original luster (lightly

crude rims (as made). Estimate: $125-$200.

cleaned), incipient golden toning on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

1227. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1798. KM-102.2; CT-1382. 0.8 gram. Toned VF+ with bold details, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $100-$150.

1228. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1800. KM-102.2; CT-1384. 0.9 gram. Toned VF+ with bold details, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $100-$150.

1229. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1801. KM-102.2; CT-1385. 0.8 gram. Lightly toned AVF with crude rims (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

1230. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1808. KM-102.2; CT-1392. 0.9 gram. Bold VF with nicely contrasting toning, well struck. Estimate: $100$150.

Peru (Republic)

1231. Lima, (North) Peru, 1 real, 1838MB, very rare. KM158. 3.0 grams. Fine with contrasting toning, evidence of die-clashing

in legends, 1-year type with high catalog value. Estimate: $600-$900.

1232. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1855. KM-143.1. 0.8 gram. Lustrous Mint State with hint of toning, trace of corrosion near rim at date. Estimate: $100-$150.

245


Philippines (under Spain) 1233. Philippines, 8 reales, Isabel II, “Y•II” countermark (Type VI, 1834-37) on Santiago, Chile, “volcano” peso, 1834IJ. KM-108; CT-451. 27.0 grams. Better assayer for the date, host and countermark VF with muted luster and toning, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

Poland 1234. Danzig (Poland), 1 gulden, 1923.

KM-145. 5.0 grams.

Lustrous and lightly toned UNC, popular issue from a German-Polish pawn between the two World Wars. Estimate: $250-$375.

Portugal

1235. Portugal, prooflike set of 1000-500-200 reis (3 coins), 1236. Portugal, 1000 reis, 1899, prooflike. KM-540. 25.0 grams. 1898, 400th anniversary of the discovery of the Indies. KM-

537-9. 42.6 grams total. All lustrous, prooflike UNC, the largest

somewhat bagmarked, the smaller coins starting to tone. Estimate: $400-$600.

Highly lustrous and prooflike UNC with minor bagmarks, faint toning on rims only. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Puerto Rico (under Spain)

1239. Puerto Rico, 20 centavos, 1895-PGV, encapsulated ICG AU55 details / cleaned. KM-22. Low contrast but all details clear, popular issue. Estimate: $250-$375.

1237. Puerto Rico, 1 peso (5 pesetas), 1895-PGV. KM-24. 24.8 grams. XF/AU, once cleaned but now darkly toned to disguise minor marks. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

1240. Puerto Rico, 10 centavos, 1896-PGV, encapsulated ICG AU53. KM-21. Lustrous and lightly toned. Estimate: $200$300.

1241. Puerto Rico, 5 centavos, 1896-PGV, encapsulated 1238. Puerto Rico, 1 peso (5 pesetas), 1895-PGV, cut

ICG VF30. KM-20. Bold details, lightly toned all over, Estimate:

around reverse details and converted to a belt buckle. KM-

$50-$75.

24. 32.5 grams total. Curious numismatic mutilation with just the details

of the reverse of the coin showing, encased in a half-shell with redand-yellow (for Spain) cloth background behind the coin, rope border and thin-wire loops on either side. Estimate: $250-$375.

Romania 1242. Romania (Wallachia), silver ducat, Mircea the Elder (1386-1418) (Dracula’s grandfather). 0.5 gram. Small, thin coin with standing king with lance on obverse, eagle/helmet/tilted shield on reverse, XF grade but choice strike, very popular issue as circulated in the place and time of Vlad III Dracula, AKA “Vlad the Impaler.” Estimate: $250-$375.

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Russia

1243. Russia, 1 rouble, Anna, 1738 (no mintmark). KM-198. 25.4 grams. Nice VF with traces of luster, light toning all over, slightly off-center strike, minor die-cracks on reverse. Estimate: $600-$900.

1244. Russia (Moscow), 1 rouble, Elizabeth I, 1745-MMD. KM-C19.1. 25.7 grams. Richly old-toned AXF with soft centers, no

problems. Estimate: $600-$900.

1245. Russia, copper 2 kopeks, Catherine II, 1763 (no mintmark), struck over an earlier 4 kopeks. KM-C58.1. 19.0 grams. Slightly crude Fine+ with some details of undercoin still visible, reddish-brown color with spots of toning and verdigris. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spain 1246. Madrid, Spain, 4 reales, Joseph Napoleon, 1812AI, with unidentified “heart(?)� countermarks on obverse. KM540.1; CT-57. 5.6 grams. Well-worn About Fine with contrasting toning

around details, curious incuse countermarks in fields, devalued issue (size of a former 2 reales). Estimate: $300-$450.

Sweden 1247. Sweden, 1 riksdaler, Carl XIV Johan, 1838-AG. KM632. 33.7 grams. Decent AXF/VF with muted luster and toning.

Estimate: $250-$375.

Switzerland 1248. Bern, Switzerland, 40 batzen, arms / 40 BZ counterstamp (1816) on a French ecu of Louis XVI, Paris mint, 1775. KM-181.1. 29.2 grams. Toned VF host, rare variety with legend as ET NAV.REX, lustrous at rims, stress fractures in flan, bold XF counterstamp. Estimate: $500-$750.

248


United States of America

1249. USA (Philadelphia mint), 50 cents (capped bust), 1830, enameled reverse. KM-37. 12.4 grams. Nicely toned AXF obverse with cursive “Baul”(?) scratched in front of neck, reverse fields painted blue with white in stripes of shield, curious and attractive. Estimate: $80-$120.

1250. USA (Philadelphia mint), copper-nickel “V” nickel, 1886, key date. KM-112. 5.0 grams. Nice Fine+, lightly toned, no problems. Estimate: $350-$500.

Uruguay

1251. Uruguay, 1 peso, 1844, rare error with void in edge. KM-5. 26.4 grams. Nice XF+ with weak spots near rims, the edgeerror at 9 o’clock quite prominent, subtle toning and luster. Estimate: $600-$900.

1253. Uruguay, copper 20 centésimos, 1855, encapsulated NGC AU 50 BN. KM-7. Dark and typically crude surfaces but technically without wear. Estimate: $250-$375.

1254. Uruguay, copper 5 centésimos, 1854/00, encapsulated NGC AU 55 BN. KM-1. Nice specimen with faint luster and original color, the overdate quite clearly 54/00 and not 54/40 as the slab and catalogs state. Estimate: $150-$225.

1252. Uruguay, copper 40 centésimos, 1844, encapsulated

1255. Uruguay (struck in

NGC XF details / clipped planchet (rare error). KM-3 or 4.

Paris), aluminum-bronze 10 centésimos, 1936-A, encapsulated PCGS MS65. KM-28. Lustrous and

Traces of original color and luster, problem-free but made with round void in edge at top (clearly an error and not just “clipped”). Estimate: $400-$600.

choice, with ver y minor bagmarks on obverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

249


Venezuela (Royalist)

1256. Maracaibo, Venezuela, copper 1/4 real, (1813). KM1. 0.6 gram. Spartan design, typically thin and crude but this specimen

1257. Caracas, Venezuela, 2 reales, 1820, castle at upper-

no worse than VF (with touch of corrosion), possibly mis-attributed in KM, but clearly underpriced there in any case, as the past 3 specimens on the market have sold for $550-$1400 each. Estimate: $500-$750.

C6.2). 5.3 grams. VF with darkly toned fields, slightly off-center strike with rims to match, problem-free and a very clear example for the rare variety. Estimate: $400-$600.

left, “B.-.S” (rare variety, unlisted in KM). KM-unlisted (cf.

Venezuela (Caracas “imitation cobs”)

1258. Caracas, Venezuela, “imitation cob” 2 reales, “781” 1259. Caracas, Venezuela, “imitation cob” 2 reales, “142”

date (early 1800s). KM-13.1. 4.7 grams. Deeply toned AVF, no problems, popular issue. Estimate: $300-$450.

date (early 1800s). KM-13.1. 4.2 grams. Crude Fine with dark toning, weak strike and small pieces of edge missing (possibly salvaged), still with all important details visible. Estimate: $200-$300.

Venezuela (under Gran Colombia) 1260. Caracas, Venezuela, 2 reales, “1818” date (struck in 1830, the date rendered with 1R-sized digits), rosettes instead of F-7 flanking cross, medal axis, struck over a Madrid, Spain, 4 reales of Joseph Napoleon (vellon) with “REX M AI” partly visible on cross side at 6 to 9 o`clock, very rare. KM-C36. 4.4 grams. Fascinating issue reminiscent of the 1820 pieces but struck under Gran Colombia and backdated to 1818, a choice VF example of which sold in our Treasure Auction #7 for $850, this one AVF with hole at top but nicely (contrastingly) toned. Estimate: $275-$400.

250


Venezuela (United States of Venezuela) 1261. Venezuela, 1/4 bolívar, 1921. KM-Y20. 1.3 grams. Cleaned AU-, starting to re-tone. Estimate: $50-$75.

1262. Venezuela, copper-nickel 5 céntimos, 1927. KM-Y27. 2.5 grams. Lustrous UNC with no wear at all. Estimate: $90-$135.

Vietnam 1263. Vietnam, Minh Mang 10-lang sycee silver bar, mid1800s. 375.0 grams, 4-1/4" long. Sometimes called “nén bac,” stackable trough-shaped ingots like these are a distinctly Vietnamese type of semi-official sycee cast mainly from Spanish American 8 reales, Indian rupees, and French Indochina piastres by bankers (silver merchants) who presented them to government officials for testing, whereupon a fee was paid and the denomination thap (10) lang and three other “verification stamps” were stamped onto the sides of the ingot. This specimen appears to be no worse than AVF, with clear test-marks on bottom. Estimate: $400-$600.

251


Medals & Tokens Cuba

1264. Cuba (Havana), silver proclamation medal, Isabel II, 1834. Medina-415. 10.4 grams. Brightly lustrous (cleaned) UNC, very flashy. Estimate: $250-$375.

1265. Santiago, Cuba, brass 1 centavo meal token for COCINA ECONOMICA DE SANTIAGO DE CUBA, 1897. 4.1 grams. AU with lustrous and original-color date side, the denomination side darkly toned and maybe half a grade lower. Estimate: $35-$50.

Ecuador

1266. Ecuador (struck in PotosĂ­, Bolivia), oval silver medal commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822, rare. Fonrobert-8332. 15.1 grams. Lustrous and attractively toned AU, a rare grade for this interesting and important item commemorating the Battle

of Pichincha, which took place on May 24, 1822, on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano next to the city of Quito. In this famous conflict, General Antonio JosĂŠ de Sucre and his army defeated Spanish Royalist forces to liberate Quito and what would eventually become the Republic of Ecuador. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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Great Britain

1267. Great Britain, silver medal, 1727, coronation of George II, by John Croker. MI-479/4. 17.8 grams. Choice XF with lightly rubbed fields, scarce as struck in silver. Estimate: $400-$600.

1268. Great Britain, brass “Admiral Vernon” medal, Porto Bello, 1739, Vernon and Brown. Adams PBvb-12-T. 12.8 grams. Choice XF+ specimen with original, lustrous brass color all over, hint of rainbow-toning, no flaws. Estimate: $125-$200.

1269. Great Britain, copper “Admiral Vernon” medal, Porto Bello, 1739, Vernon and Brown. Adams PBvb-7-L. 14.0 grams. Darkly toned but problem-free Fine+, a typical grade for this popular and widely circulated issue. Estimate: $90-$135.

1270. Great Britain, copper “Admiral Vernon” medal, Porto Bello, 1739, with Betts book.

Adams PBv-26-V. 14.5 grams.

Typical Fine with dark fields, no problems, accompanied by one of the classic reference books that lists the many varieties of this popular and widely circulated issue. With 1964 reprint of American Colonial History Illustrated by Contemporary Medals, by C. Wyllys Betts. Estimate: $90$135.

1271. Great Britain, brass “Admiral Vernon” medal, Cartagena, 1741, Vernon and Blas. Adams CAv1-2-E. 14.1 grams. Choice AXF with original brassy color peeking out of old toning, extra metal behind head of Blas, minor rim-bruise at top. Estimate: $125-$200.

1272. Great Britain, copper medal made from copper salvaged from the Foudroyant (1897), flagship of Lord Nelson. 28.8 grams. XF+ with traces of original luster and color, a few minor marks plus an attempted hole at top, interesting nautical commemorative.

Estimate: $50-$75.

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1273. Great Britain, silver Hollandia medallion (ca. 1987), made from silver from the ship.

30.1 grams. From a design

engraved by Ron Dutton and marketed by Simmons Gallery, struck in a pillar dollar design with the legend HOLLANDIA FOUNDERED ISLES OF SCILLY 1743 on the obverse and a picture of the ship with the VOC (Dutch East India Co.) monogram on the reverse, with official hallmarks on edge, toned Mint State. With blue clamshell presentation case, booklet and certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. 1274. Great Britain, silver Hollandia medallion (ca. 1987), made from silver from the ship. 30.2 grams. From a design engraved by Ron Dutton and marketed by Simmons Gallery, struck in a pillar dollar design with the legend HOLLANDIA FOUNDERED ISLES OF SCILLY 1743 on the obverse and a picture of the ship with the VOC (Dutch East India Co.) monogram on the reverse, with official hallmarks on edge, toned Mint State. With blue clamshell presentation case, booklet and certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

Madeira Islands 1275. Madeira Islands, copper 50 reis token, 1802, I.W. Phelps & Co., with incuse “F.I.� countermark (Fernay and Irmaos, 1884). Brunk-51535. 7.2 grams. Nice VF with even red-brown color, bold countermark below date. Estimate: $80-$120.

Mexico

1276. Mexico, silver proclamation medal, Iturbide, 1822.

Fonrobert-6539. 16.8 grams. Attractively toned AXF with weakness in

center of eagle. Estimate: $350-$500.

1277. Mexico, brass mint-trial token for Turkish 100 kurus (ca. 1980) struck at the Mexico City mint. 6.2 grams. Lustrous Mint State, with reeded edge and simple wording inside indicating that this was struck by the Mexican mint for the Turkish State mint on a sample flan in brass but designed for bullion gold coins. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1278. Mexico, white-metal (pewter?) medal of the Mayan calendar with Spanish/English interpretation sheet. 93.9 grams, 2-3/4" in diameter. An antique souvenir (shows some age, but date of manufacture unknown) with Mayan calendar on one side and CALENDARIO AZTECA Y PIEDRA DEL SOL / MEXICO on the other around decorative design, somewhat dark and lightly oxidized but no worse than VF for wear, currently popular for what some believe is the calendar’s dire prediction of the end of the world on December 21, 2012 (we shall see...). Estimate: $35-$50.

Puerto Rico (under Spain)

1279. Puerto Rico (under Spain), oval silver-plated brass military medal (with ribbon-pin), Alfonso XII, Voluntarios de Puerto-Rico (1880), small-lamb variety. 19.1 grams. Patriotic medal showing king’s portrait on obverse with legend INTEGRIDAD DE LA PATRIA at top and CONSTANCIA at bottom, the reverse with flag-bearing lamb on rock below F I with VOLUNTARIOS DE PUERTO-RICO below in legend, nicely toned XF with minor edgebumps and with original red-and-yellow cloth ribbon attached to top, rare. Estimate: $600-$900.

1280. Puerto Rico (Vieques), trial restrike of a 5 centavos token for RODRIGUEZ (1800s) on a Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales of 1776MJ. cf. Archilla-764a. 26.7 grams. Host coin is a desirable AVF with bold date (popular with US collectors) and contrasting toning, the countermark on the obverse (UNC) commissioned by noted collector Archilla-Diez in 1984 using an original die for a very rare Puerto Rico token. Estimate: $175-$250.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

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Puerto Rico (modern)

1281. Matte silver-plated bronze medal made by artist Lorenzo Homar (1913-2004) in 1993 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the discovery of Puerto Rico, one of only 100 made, commissioned by noted collector Efraín Archilla-Diez. 311.7 grams. Modern, artistic medal in pristine condition, with lion motif in high relief on front (signed by the artist at bottom), flat reverse with incuse wording “5to. Centenario del Descubrimiento de Puerto Rico 1493-1993”. Lorenzo Homar (1913-2004) is considered by many to be Puerto Rico’s greatest graphic artist. Estimate: $100-$150.

1282. Puerto Rico, brass with antique silver finish “1899 peso/60 cents” Columbus commemorative, struck in 2009, limited edition #65/100. 45.0 grams. Modern medal made privately in Puerto Rico in a very limited quantity using a design created by the famous Philadelphia engraver and mint director Charles Barber in 1899 (but never minted), with bust of Columbus above date and UNITED STATES OF AMERICA on obverse and ISLA DE PUERTO RICO above and I PESO = 60 CENTS below montage of George Washington and Federal shield and eagle on reverse, Uncirculated. Estimate: $35-$50.

Spain

(reduced)

1283. Spain, silver medal (1980s?) of a Segovia 50 reales (cincuentín) 1609C made from art school dies from Seville, engraved MEDALLA OM-UO 48/ 100 on the edge. 187.5 grams. A faithful replication of one of the famously immense (and valuable) silver coins of 50 reales struck in the early 1600s, this specimen in lovely Mint State and starting to tone nicely. Estimate: $300-$450.

Virgin Islands 1284. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, copper-nickel or brass 5c Mexic token, A. Burnet (1887). 1.6 grams. XF with light brass color peeking through (but Lyall example says copper-nickel), issued by a prominent innkeeper on the island. Estimate: $75-$110.

256


1285. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, octagonal copper token for 2 lb of ice, Raven & Co. (ca. 1890), rare. 9.8 grams. Nice XF with some original red color but also light patina in the incuse design, with blank reverse and hole at edge (as made). Estimate: $300-$450. 1286. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, copper token for 1 lb of ice, Raven & Co. (ca. 1890), rare. 9.7 grams. Much original color, nice XF, holed at edge (as made). Estimate: $300-$450.

Documents Banknotes/Bonds

(photos reduced)

1287. Puerto Rico (National Treasury), 25 pesos bond, 1813.

8-1/4" x 12". A large, uniface

document printed in black with black-ink stamps and signatures, numbered 21 at top, declaring the promise to pay “Don Francisco Puig y Gibert” 25 pesos in provisional money 4 months from the date of May 4, 1813, with interest at an annual rate of 6%, signed by Treasurer Juan Patiño and Accountant José Bacener and “OK’d” (V.o B.o) by [Alejandro] Ramírez. This document was endorsable and negotiable, like a banknote, and in fact is comparable in printing type to the banknotes printed in Puerto Rico at the same time. Rare (unknown until 15 years ago) and historically important as effectively the first currency of Puerto Rico, issued while Ferdinand VII was still king of Spain. Crisp UNC except for 4 small holes in left margin from its original record book. Estimate: $400-$600.

1288. American Bank Note Company for El Banco Central del Ecuador, 5 sucres banknote, 1947, series FH, low serial number. 2-3/4" x 6". Crisp UNC with vivid colors, serial number 0003915, with ink-stamped signatures and date. Estimate: $80-$120.

1289. Thomas de la Rue Company (London) for El Banco Central del Ecuador, uniface front trial for 5 sucres banknote, 19??. 2-3/4" x 6-1/2". VF with slight wrinkling toward one end but fully intact and colorful. Estimate: $80-$120. 1290. Thomas de la Rue Company (London) for El Banco Central del Ecuador, specimen (red) 5 sucres banknote, 195?, series HA. 2-1/2" x 6". Crisp UNC, the colors bright and vivid, serial number 4500026 but no signatures or date, with SPECIMEN overprinted in hollow-letter red on obverse only. Estimate: $80-$120.

1291. Thomas de la Rue Company (London) for El Banco Central del Ecuador, specimen (black) 5 sucres banknote, 195?, series HA. 2-1/2" x 6". Crisp UNC but with handwritten number in red (graffiti) at bottom, vivid colors, no signatures or date, with SPECIMEN overprinted in black on both sides. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Engravings

1292. Early 18th-century German copper-plate engraving of Cartagena, Colombia, by Martin Engelbrecht (16841756), hand colored. 17-1/2" x 12-3/4". Fine engraving showing the city with small fortress and chained harbor with small boats in foreground, La Popa hill in the background, colored in blue-green and red (with some of the blue bled into the top margin), nice condition with old repair at top. Estimate: $200-$300.

1293. Mid-18th-century French copper-plate engraving of Santander, Spain, by Jacques Gabriel Huquier (17251805), hand colored. 18" x 13". A bird’s-eye view of the town’s buildings and harbor, with several ships and low mountains surrounding, the coloring in blue, green, yellow and red somewhat sparse and sloppy, overall in excellent condition with a little smudging in the margins. Estimate: $150-$225.

1294. Late 18th-century French copper-plate engraving of the entrance to the port of Dunkirk, France, in 1776 by le Gouaz (after a painting by Ozanne). 16-1/2" x 11-1/2". Highly detailed but somewhat small engraving showing ships in the foreground and the port in the distance, nice condition except for small tears on bottom edge (two of them repaired). Estimate: $60-$90.

1295. Late 18th-century French copper-plate engraving of King Louis XVI (1754-93) in his regalia, after a painting by Callet. 13-1/2" x 10-1/2". Detailed and lifelike portrait of one of the most famous monarchs of all time, the only French king to have been executed, husband of Marie Antoinette and supporter of the Americans in the Revolutionary War. Good condition with very faint foxing and slight raggedness on edges. Estimate: $60-$90.

258


Maps 1296. 1762 Dutch copper-plate engraving of a French map of the Caribbean by Jacques Nicolas Bellin, entitled “Carte du Golphe du Mexique et des Isles de l’Amerique,” from La Harpe’s Abrege de l’Histoire Generale des Voyages, showing the routes of the Spanish explorers. 16" x 15-1/4". Thematically important map, an earlier version of which (that was hand-colored, which this one is not) sold in our last auction for $1150 (+ buyer’s fee), showing the Caribbean Sea and surrounding regions, with place names and routes of Cortés, de León, et al., ornate cartouche at top-right, intact but with several folds, stains and repairs. Estimate: $200-$300.

Miscellaneous

1297. Reprint of a very large chart of mid-1800s Pigot & Co. “Universal Money Table and Commercial Exchange Standard,” showing various countries’ current coins and their reciprocal exchange values. 38" x 25". Fascinating glimpse into numismatic history, with drawings of hundreds of coins and a table showing the conversions between 36 “Countries and Commercial Places,” printed in several colors on light gray parchment, a great conversation piece for hanging on an office wall, perfectly intact except for tiny tears in top and bottom edge. Estimate: $35-$50.

259


Shipwreck Artifacts “Hoi An hoard,” sunk in the late 1400s off Vietnam 1298. Lot of 3 Chinese stoneware powder-boxes (round, lidded). 281 grams total, each about 2-1/2" in diameter and up to 2" tall. Faded floral designs on typically mismatched pieces, a few chips and lightly worn and encrusted but otherwise intact, with barcodes and lot stickers (SAGA. HOI AN HOARD. VISAL) on bottom as from original Butterfield’s auction of 2000. Estimate: $100-$150.

Unidentified 1500s wreck in the South China Sea 1299. Small lead ingot. 48.8 grams. This small, somewhat cone-shaped lump was trade cargo, one of thousands of base-metal ingots being shipped for manufacturing use, this specimen with attractive white encrustation. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $40-$60.

Unidentified 1600s wreck in the English Channel

1300. Lot of 29 lead musketballs. 810 grams total, each about 5/8" in diameter. Common, simple balls with lightly dusty surfaces, useful for resale or display. Estimate: $50-$75.

1301. Lot of 5 small, cuprous artifacts, including 3 buckles, 1 thimble and 1 S-shaped link. 33.5 grams total, up to 1-1/2" long. Solid items, small but functional and recognizable, darkly patinated. Estimate: $35-$50.

Unidentified 1600s wreck 1302. English pewter soup spoon, mid-1600s. 74.7 grams, 7" long and 2-1/4" in diameter. Typical “rat-tail” spoon with round bowl, pitted and encrusted surfaces, no visible marks. Estimate: $50-$75.

260


Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

1303. Large, intact metate and mano (grinding stone and grinder), very rare. About 50 lb, roughly 22" x 14" x 5" (metate) and 18" x 2" (mano). This a Mesoamerican mortar, used for grinding grains (particularly maize), basically a flat slab of stone with three short legs (the metate) and a rolling-pin-like pestle (mano), the metate very heavy and loaded with whitish wormy coral but the mano surprisingly light (possibly pumice stone) and only lightly encrusted, fully intact, the first of its kind that we have seen from any shipwreck. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1304. Top (lip and shoulders) of an immense earthenware urn, with markings. 48 lb, 26" in diameter and 11" tall. This has to be the biggest “olive jar” we have ever seen, with an opening at top large enough (11" diameter) to receive practically anything that needed storing on board the ship, everything below the shoulder of the jar typically missing (probably broken into thousands of pieces) but what is there shows curious markings (one X and two arrow-like emblems) that referred to merchants and/or owners, some hairline fractures but apparently stable and (if nothing else) held together by a thick coating of greenish gray coral encrustation inside, a very impressive display indeed. (Fragile—pickup only.) Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida 1305. Gold cross studded with 6 high-grade emeralds, intricately engraved on back. 5.2 grams, roughly 1-1/4" x 1". A small but impressive jewel with 6 high-grade, table-cut, square-shaped, Colombian (Muzo) emeralds, estimated at .5 to 1 carats each (total 3.5 carats), of deep, dark color, close-set in high-purity gold (at least 22K) in a simple and understated design with the center emerald positioned at a 45-degree angle to the others, the back of the piece beautifully and very finely engraved with floral design (two different flowers in center and at bottom), perfectly preserved except for a slight twisting and opening of the loop at top where it was wrenched from its original gold chain (presumably something equally grand, possibly a rosary), intentionally left the way it was found but easily reparable for wearing again. This piece has been featured in many publications in the 27 years since it was found, and after we sold it originally in 2009 it was appraised by Emeralds International, LLC in Key West for $1,250,000! Found on the beach in the same area as the famous “dragon whistle” between Sebastian and Wabasso in 1984 after the Thanksgiving Day storm, and featured in several publications, including PLVS VLTRA newsletter (4th quarter, 1986), Florida Sportsman magazine (“Finders Keepers,” by Bob Burgess, October, 1986), the Garrett Searcher newsletter (issue #15, May, 1989) and the 1988 short film “What Dreams are Made of: Treasure of the 1715 Fleet” by Dan Wagner, which was reproduced under the new title “The Queen’s Jewels and the 1715 Fleet” and aired on the History Channel in 1998. Accompanied by a photo-certificate signed by the finder as well as a 2010 appraisal for $1,250,000. Estimate: $20,000-up.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys Capitana

1309. Iron flintlock mechanism, intact.

315 grams, 7-3/4" x

3-1/2" x 1-1/4". A complete iron flintlock with all parts visible but

clearly not functional, fully stabilized since its recovery in the mid1970s. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1306. Bronze breech block marked “III”. 29 lb, 8-1/2" x 5". With handle in side and semicircular protrusion in bottom, this was basically a “rapid fire cartridge” that could be packed ahead of time and simply set into a breech-block cannon and fired, with small touchhole below numeral III in side, coppery-bronze with a sea foam green highlights. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, with copy of a letter from Mendel Peterson of the Smithsonian Institution describing the piece and its purpose. Estimate: $375-$525.

1310. Complete iron bayonet.

220 grams; 18" long, 1" widest diameter. A typical socket bayonet with blade of triangular cross-section,

rusty and missing some small pieces (especially the socket) but fully stabilized since its recovery in 1968. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1307. Iron arquebus barrel, intact. 4 lb, 43-1/2" long and approx. 1" in diameter. A long, straight hollow tube with L-shaped fastener at

stock end and small sight near the other end, which has been plugged for stability, the whole length rusty and corroded and with a few holes here and there, some flakiness inside but fully stabilized (as it has been since its recovery in the mid-1970s). Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

1311. Glass “onion” bottle with beautifully marbled 1308. Flintlock pistol, with wood and furniture intact but missing the actual lock. 555 grams, 16" long. Amazingly, the entire wooden stock of this typical pistol escaped the usual rot and wormdamage that obliterates wood, but the iron parts are all rusted away, leaving voids in the wood, onto which the brass parts (trigger guard, buttplate, sideplate and ramrod holder) were left attached or were reattached with encrustation. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

exterior (intact except for small pit). 614 grams, 7" tall and 53/4" in diameter. There are two schools of thought as to why these are

called “onion” bottles, both on display here: They are bulbous in shape, like an onion; and their exteriors flake off like the outer layers of an onion when filled with too-acidic wine that leaches through the glass. This specimen shows contrastingly tan patches all over where it is flaking, attractively pearlized elsewhere, its slightly repaired rim with encrustation inside, wide and smooth pontil on bottom. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

262


1312. Small pewter plate with raised rim. 310 grams, 9-1/4" in 1315. Polished-hardwood pedestal-type bowl, nearly diameter, 1-1/8" rim. Intact except for a few small holes and wrinkles,

spots of white encrustation against an even gray background, two faint hallmarks on bottom (Tudor rose and bird inside legend). Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

intact. 1252 grams, 6" in diameter and 5" tall. Strange piece with large old cracks in the wood now filled with encrustation, very dark and heavy and somewhat glossy in appearance. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1316. Complete pewter inkwell. 332 grams, 2-1/2" x 2-1/ 2" x 2". A typical cube of hollow

metal, its topside with holes in corners for nibs and removable well in center for the ink, all gray in color and wonderfully intact. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1313. Complete clay bowl with swirl pattern, pictured in Flash of Gold. 817 grams, 7" in diameter and 4-1/2" tall. Incredibly intact (missing only pieces of its small base), with lovely original redbrown color and pattern inside, two small handles and grayish color on outside Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, and pictured on page 230 in his book. Estimate: $350-$500.

1317. Brass candle snuffer, missing one handle. 63 grams, 7" long. Basically a pair of scissors with flat pan to one side for catching the trimmed wick, this piece would be completely intact were it not for the absence of the lower arm, still neat for display. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1314. Clay bowl with design in center, complete but slightly repaired. 323 grams, 6-1/2" in diameter and 3-1/4" tall. Grayish-brown color all over with painted design in darker brown inside, small bits of wormy coral, two tiny handles and short base, two chips in lip with repaired crack in between, small bits of white wormy coral here and there. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1318. Brass candle-holder, intact but flattened. 286 grams, 7-1/4" diameter with 5" handle. Flat, pan-like object with sloping rim,

hole in center where there was an upright socket for a candle, also holed in end of handle next to two 6-pointed star stamps, encrusted in several places with large patches of whitish encrustation. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $75-$110.

263


1319. Lot of leather boot heels and soles (with small wooden nails), pictured in Flash of Gold. 2 to 22 grams each, 2-1/4" to 6" each. Several leather pieces, most of them still discernible as soles and heels, some with their original tacks still present, remarkable to have

survived. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, and pictured in his book (facing page 137). Estimate: $75-$110.

1320. Large lead sounding weight marked XVI (16 lb), hexagonal cross-section. 16 lb, 17" long and 2-1/8" in diameter at its widest. An unusually long and hefty weight, used to find depth, with mostly tan encrustation, large eye at top, V-shaped indentation in bottom,

and XVI weight stamped into side. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

1321. Large hardwood fid, intact.

173 grams, 7-3/4" long and 1-1/4" widest

diameter. This long, cigar-shaped piece of wood with pointed ends was used to

separate knots in ropes, and they are rarely found intact from wrecks, as wood does not usually survive rot and worms. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1322. Dive belt made from lead sheathing from the ship, as pictured in Flash of Gold. 18 lb, 35" long, each weight 3-1/3" wide. In a stroke of 20th-century ingenuity, Marty melted down pieces of the ship’s lead sheathing and molded it into three form-fitting weights, which he attached with brass rivets to a canvas belt with plastic fastener, now a vintage relic with added significance. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, and pictured in his book. Estimate: $250-$375.

Infante

1323. Ornate gold ring embedded in large clump of rock, as found by Marty and featured on the cover of Flash of Gold. 271 grams, roughly 5" x 2-3/4" x 2". It is hard to imagine a more iconic treasure item than this piece: an ornate gold ring solidly embedded in its natural concretion, enlarged and spread across the front cover and spine of the dust jacket of Marty’s 1971 book. Naturally this book is one of Dave Crooks’ famous “Top 75” (see sunkentreasurebooks.com), and Marty says it has the dubious distinction of being one of the most-often stolen books from libraries around the country! The artifact itself is a museum piece, very solid and formed in such a way that when you rest it flat the ring protrudes brightly from the top, its intricate floral-oval panel design quite prominent (smooth inside), with small bits of glass and china embedded in the clump, along with square “tunnels” where iron spikes used to be but rusted away, a lovely mix of orange, brown, yellow and white, contrasting beautifully with the reddish gold of the ring on top. It is easy to see why Marty chose this gem for the cover of his book; and as hard as it is for him to part with it now, the new owner will surely appreciate it for all of its history, from the 1730s to the 1970s. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, and featured on the cover of his book, an original hardcover 1st edition of which is included, personally inscribed to the winning bidder by Marty. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

264


265


Populo

1324. Lot of 8 lead musketballs, some with encrustation. Each approx. 24 grams and 3/ 4" in diameter. Simple spheres of lead, the bullets of their time, several with a white coral crust.

Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $35-$50.

Unspecified sites

1325. Complete iron barshot with cylindrical ends. 7430 grams, 14" long, with each end about 4" in diameter and 2-1/4" thick. Very solid and intact except for surface loss, glossy black all over from conservation, highly desirable and impressive as a whirling projectile designed to cause maximum damage. With certificate #9699 from the salvager. Estimate: $400-$600.

1326. Intact “12-pound” iron cannonball. 2500 grams, about 3-1/2" in diameter. Coated glossy black and mostly complete (some surface loss), popular item. With certificate #9700 from the salvager. Estimate: $100-$150.

1327. Encrusted “8-pound” cannonball. 1860 grams, 4-1/2" in diameter. Thickly encrusted ball (in fact, only a small part is exposed), black inside and orangish-white outside with pieces of shells and other objects embedded. With certificate #9701 from the salvager. Estimate: $100-$150.

266


Unidentified 1700s wreck in the Florida Keys 1328. Two pairs of wire shot (lead musketballs joined by twisted wire). 97 grams total, each ball about 1/2", up to 6.5" long (fully extended). Simple, whitish balls with long, twisted wire looped

one inside another to make a whirling, whipping projectile. With certificates #9687-8 from the salvager. Estimate: $80-$120.

Unidentified 1700s Spanish wreck in the Atlantic Ocean 1329. Natural Colombian emeralds with pyrite in calcite matrix, pedigreed to the DiscoverSea Shipwreck Museum in Delaware. 301 grams, 3-1/4" x 2-1/4" x 2". Impressive chunk of natural rock (gray and white) with small crystals of green emeralds and gold pyrite prominently exposed, supposedly from a shipwreck carrying the find back to Europe but valuable as a mineral specimen anyway. Estimate: $500-$1,000.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands 1330. Intact clay pipe with maker’s mark. 5.1 grams, 6-1/4" long. Complete pipe with long stem, bright white as never used, crowned-WS monogram on base for maker Arent Willemsz Bremmert (1709-1768) of Gouda, astounding to have survived so well. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

Rosario, sunk in 1753 off Montevideo, Uruguay 1331. Brass spoon, intact but encrusted. 34.3 grams, 7" long with 2-1/2" x 1-1/2" bowl. A complete but plain, thin-metal spoon

with lots of dark orange encrustation and part of another handle on top, possibly marked (need to clean it to find out!). With Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $35-$50.

HMS Invincible, sunk in 1758 in the East Solent, south of England 1332. Charred cross-section of wood from the ship. 292 grams, 3" x 8". A New York strip-shaped hunk of solid, dark (burned) wood with three rubber feet on bottom and brass plaque on top, a nice conversation piece. Estimate: $40-$60.

267


Unidentified French wreck sunk in the American Revolutionary War period in the French West Indies

1333. Large bronze ship’s bell, dated 1776, with wood and remnants of iron encrusted on the top. Approx. 60 lb, 15" tall and 11" in diameter at bottom. Although the ship is unknown, the origin must be French, as this bell shows 3 fleurs-de-lis on one side underneath the French word “L’an” (“year”) before the 1776 date and after a pointing hand between upper bands, with lovely white encrustation on the opposite side and throughout the inside, the original iron hanger and wood at top encased in encrustation and the original iron clapper inside fused in place, exceptional condition overall, from an old collection in the French West Indies where it was found. As a significant artifact, dated 1776, that probably came from a Revolutionary War shipwreck, this piece has almost inestimable value to US collectors. Estimate: $7,000$10,000.

268


HMS Royal George, sunk in 1782 off Spithead, England

1334. Tiny book made from wood from the ship published in 1841 (first edition, 120 pp). 39 grams, 3-1/2" x 2" x 1/2". Multi-level antique as printed in 1841 (with several small engravings of the ship and salvage efforts) but with covers made from wood recovered from the ship in 1840, cloth spine with RELIC OF THE ROYAL GEORGE in gold, probably much rarer than later editions, all sold as souvenirs to finance the salvage operation. Estimate: $350-$500.

HMS Colossus, sunk in 1798 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England 1335. Iron grapeshot (small cannonball) on custom stand.

352 grams total, 1-3/8" diameter (ball) and 5" x 3-1/2" x 1/2". A typical and plain but well-preserved ball resting on a red

felt-covered wooden platform with plaque in front that says HMS COLOSSUS 1798 (designed by collector Tony Jaggers). With Sedwick certificate from 1999. Estimate: $40-$60.

Unidentified 1700s or early 1800s wreck in a river on the east coast of the US 1336. French clay pipe with skull motif, marked “Crème GRAMBIER,” intact. 24 grams, roughly 2" x 1-1/2" x 1". Like lot #1972 in our 9th auction (which fetched over $900), this ornate and gruesome pipe is in the form of a complete skull, with tiny brass ring (corroded and patinated) to connect it to the (missing) stem, intact and especially desirable as showing the maker’s name in beaded rectangle in the back, with hairline crack only, black inside so evidently used. With printed description tag from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$500.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador 1337. Two large links (connected) of the ship’s bronze anchor chain. 2158 grams, 14" long and 3-1/2" wide. Roundedrectangular links of circular cross-section, beautifully patinated and lightly encrusted, evidently forged together without breaks in the metal. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Unidentified ca.-1800 wreck off South America 1338. Gold filigree devotional scapular with chains.

17.1 grams total, each panel 1-3/4" x 1-3/8", the chains 8" long. This religious item was worn around the neck

to show the wearer’s pledge to a confraternity, saint, or way of life, as well as reminding the wearer of that promise, this specimen in high-grade gold, obviously made for someone important, and consisting of two squarish panels connected by two short, fine chains, the one-sided panels thin, filigree frames depicting raised designs of the Virgin and Child on one and crowned arms representing the Holy Trinity on the other, with white encrustation in crevices. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Unidentified ca.-1820 British wreck off Grand Bahama Island

1339. Large copper hull-pin. 8 lb, 29-1/2" long and about 1-1/4" in diameter. Long, straight rod of circular cross-section with cut-flat end and

crudely blunted top to which is adhering chunks of white encrustation, the metal a patinated bronze color but scraped at bottom to expose the original bright copper. Estimate: $70-$100.

Unidentified mid-1800s wreck in the English Channel 1340. Lot of 6 cuprous watch keys. 14.2 grams total, up to 1-3/8" each. Five rings and one flat oval but all with protrusions at either end for winding pocket-watches, mostly dark and patinated. Estimate: $25-$40.

General Abbatucci, sunk in 1869 off Corsica

1341. Scottish blue-and-white porcelain chamber pot, intact. 1435 grams, 5-1/2" tall and 8-1/2" in diameter. Beautifully intact and with vibrant blue floral pattern under shiny, slightly crazed glaze, anchor and F.V. & F. in wreath on rim, small simple handle on side, pockmarked here and there where barnacles were removed but otherwise choice and impressive for a wreck item, made by J. & M.P. Bell & Co. in Glasgow, Scotland (ca. 1842-1928), but unmarked. With original Christie’s South Kensington certificate (lot #266) from 1997. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1342. Scottish blue-and-white porcelain chamber pot, intact, “CONVOLVULUS / J&MPB&Co.” logo on bottom. 1541 grams, 5-3/4" tall and 8-1/2" in diameter. Vibrant blue floral pattern under attractively crazed glaze, with anchor and F.V. & F. in wreath on rim, small simple handle on side, pockmarked here and there where barnacles were removed but otherwise choice and impressive for a wreck item, its marking on bottom referring to the pattern and maker J. & M.P. Bell & Co. in Glasgow, Scotland (ca. 1842-1928). Estimate: $150-$225.

1343. Set of one silver pocket-watch and one brass thimble with certificate inside Riker box. 163 grams total, 4" x 5" case. Heavily corroded and encrusted watch with silver faces, small but intact thimble, fairly common objects but desirable as shipwreck salvage. With official Christie’s certificate #140. Estimate: $40-$60. 1344. Pair of brass thimbles (intact). 5.7 grams total, up to 7/8" x 1/2" each. Different sizes but similar (typical) designs, the larger one a little bent, common but recognizable artifacts that are desirable as from a known wreck. Estimate: $40-$60.

Lugana, sunk in the late 1800s in the Florida Keys

1345. English ironstone plate, Gotscher & Co.

485 grams, 8" in diameter and 1" tall. A plain-white glazed dish marked on the

bottom with ROYAL IRONSTONE CHINA above and GOTSCHER & Co. / BIRMINGHAM below double-lion arms, perfectly intact with minor crazing inside the glaze, the maker better known for silver than china. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Non-Wreck Artifacts Arms/armor/militaria Cannons

1346. Large Dutch bronze cannon dated 1642, maker Assuerus Koster, Amsterdam, probably made in the 1800s or 1900s. 5’1/2" long, weight unknown (very heavy). An impressively ornate cannon with bold ornamentation and lettering, including the portrait of a sailing ship and the words ASSVERVS KOSTER ME FECIT AMSTELREDAM ANNO 1642 (“Assuerus [or Xerxes] Koster made me [in] Amsterdam [in the year] 1642”) around the base ring dividing the breech from the cascabel, plus some other numbers there, in front of the touch-hole and near the muzzle. The measurements of this cannon are as follows: 6" muzzle with 5-1/2" bore, 4" x 4-1/2" cascabel, 3" x 2-5/ 8" trunnions, 5" dolphins (lifting handles). Generally old Dutch bronze cannons were cast with the inside mold (creating the inner tube) connected to the outer mold by small iron core-pins at the bore, and when the inner mold was removed, the iron pins remained inside the bronze. Therefore you can usually check bronze cannons for authenticity by running a magnet around the bore to find the pins. This cannon fails that test; but at the same time, we do not know of any other examples of this piece, nor do we have any historical model for it to have been copied from. It is just a beautiful piece, with lovely patina, but collectible only (not fireable), still worth thousands of dollars for its copper content alone. Its current location is in Indiana, from where the winning bidder will need to take delivery. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

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1347. Small bronze signal cannon, Spanish colonial, 1600s. 1336 grams, 3-1/4" tall and 2-1/2" in diameter. Typically thick “mug” with banded sides showing two seams, crudely oval touch-hole near the

flat bottom, generally used to send up flares or to test powder. Found in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

1348. Large iron cannon from the Populo of the Spanish 1733 Fleet (Florida Keys). 7’2" long, weight unknown (very heavy). While bronze cannons are more popular and far more expensive, shipwreck iron cannons are in fact far more challenging to obtain, as they are heavier and almost always rusty and unstable, not to mention that many of them are never removed from the seabed to begin with! This one, however, is intact, solid and guaranteed (by Marty, pictured here) to be stable, as it has been since it was recovered decades ago. It is comparable in all respects to its “brother” from the same wreck shown in photos opposite page 63 in Flash of Gold. Its diameter ranges from 8" at the muzzle to 11-3/4" at the breech, with 4" bore and 5" cascabel. Its current location is Miami, Florida, from where the winning bidder will need to take delivery. From the Populo (1733 Fleet, Florida Keys), and pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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1349. Ornate Spanish bronze cannon with crest of Charles IV and dated 1791. 122 lb, 31" long, up to 6" in diameter, 3" bore, 2" trunnions and 2" cascabel. A choice cannon with crowned monogram of the king between trunnions and breech, illegible number and

BARCELONA 5 DE FEBRERO DE 1791 engraved on the ring between cascabel and breech, and COBRE DE AMERICA engraved at the flat end of one trunnion, also with the cannon’s “name” NIVEROLA (“snowy bullfinch”) in ribbon between trunnions and muzzle, coated all over with thick white encrustation interspersed with colorful patina, hence uncleaned but in excellent condition, a premium piece in its time and of significant appeal to collectors now. From an unspecified Charles IV-era (1790-1808) Spanish wreck in the Western Hemisphere. Estimate: $10,000$15,000.

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1350. Large bronze cannon, officially replicated in 2010 from the French cannon “La Populaire” of 1756. Approx. 700 lb, 5’6" long. The original cannon from which this replica was cast is

a famous gun made in Strasbourg for the French King Louis XIV in 1756 and presented by George Washington to the Chatham Artillery in 1791 as a reminder of America’s struggle for independence. It is decorated with the French royal coat-of-arms, an ornate sun (the king’s personal emblem), and ribbons with Latin inscription that means “Last Argument of Kings.” The dolphin-shaped lifting handles above the trunnions may refer to the Dauphin of France as well. A beautifully patinated and thoroughly faithful reproduction, professionally crafted, and in fact the only example that can be sold, as it was the personal property of the gun-founder who made only two others under commission for display at the Frazier History Museum (owned by the Royal Armouries Museum in the UK) in Louisville, Kentucky. Estimate: $7,500-$10,000.

1351. Bronze swivel-cannon, 18th century, with mahogany stand. 67 lb, 29" long, up to 6" in diameter. A plain cannon of classic design in a very useful (compact) size, with 1-1/2" bore, 1-1/4" trunnions and 2" cascabel, prominent touch-hole, dark bronze color with lovely patina, the yoke and ornate stand (approx. 12" x 12" x 8") from a later period but great for display. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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1352. Dutch/Indonesian bronze lantaka (cannon) with original yoke (1800s). 68 lb, 48" long, 4" at its widest. Somewhat ornate design, with 1-1/4" bore inside 4" flared muzzle with sight, 10" yoke, no lifting handles, with short, hollow cascabel (4" long and 2" in diameter) that has a crude hole in the side, nice dark bronze color all over. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1353. Dutch/Indonesian bronze lantaka (cannon) with original yoke (1800s). 72 lb, 45-1/2" long, 5" at its widest. Somewhat crude and well used (dark bronze color all over), with 1-1/2" bore inside 5" flare with sight, 9" yoke, leaf-shaped sight in lieu of lifting handles at breech in front of touch-hole, 6"-long hollow cascabel (for tiller handle) of 2" diameter, manageable size and weight for display (but not for firing). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Projectiles

1354. Lot of 12 lead-covered iron grapeshot, Spanish colonial (1500s). 3265 grams total, each about 1-1/2" in diameter. So you have a bunch of iron balls to shoot, but they rust and fall apart before you see any action—what do you do? Cover them in lead! At least that was the strategy in (mostly Pacific coast) Spanish America, whence these examples come, some of them with splits but most of them intact, with distinct seams from casting, dusty gray in color. With wooden triangle for display. Estimate: $100-$150. 1355. Lot of 3 iron cannonballs of various sizes. 2803 grams total, diameters of 3", 2" and 1-1/2". The smallest one technically a grapeshot (for a blunderbuss) but the others actual cannon shot, all lightly corroded/encrusted but sold and intact. Estimate: $75-$110.

1356. Lot of 3 bronze or brass grapeshot (small cannonballs) from 1800s battles in/around Texas and Mexico. 200 grams total, 1" to 1-1/4" in diameter each. Plain balls but each with a tag stating exactly where it was found and to which battle it must have

pertained (Palo Alto, San Jacinto, etc.). Estimate: $75-$110.

1357. Huge iron cannonball-grenade from Fort Pickens in Pensacola (early to mid-1800s). Over 100 lb, 10" in diameter. A plain sphere of iron with 1" ringed hole for inserting gunpowder flanked by two deep notches, rusty but solid. This massive ball was a projectile for the world’s largest coastal defense mortar of its time. (Pickup or shipping by special arrangement only, no overseas shipping.) Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Firearms

1358. Mediterranean flintlock pistol, 1700s, with contemporaneous repairs. 940 grams, 16-1/2" long. Round barrel, steel lock with brass ornamentation and copper pan (very unusual), pewter(?) sideplate, brass trigger-guard and buttplate, decent wood stock but cracked under barrel, missing ramrod and holder and with metal patch (repair) in front of lock but sturdy and operational. Estimate: $500-$750. 1359. European flintlock pistol, 1700s, illegible touchmarks on barrel. 1043 grams, 20" long. Octagonal-to-round barrel with worn touchmarks, intricately engraved lock, ornate sideplate, plain trigger-guard and buttplate and ramrod-holder (all in steel) but ramrod missing, attractively glossy wood. Estimate: $500-$750.

1360. European flintlock pistol, 1700s, ornately carved stock. 946 grams, 21" long. Ornate round barrel with silver strap at bore, lightly engraved lock, somewhat ornate trigger-guard, sideplate and buttplate, false ramrod, dark wood with light carving, the steel parts with rusty spots. Estimate: $500-$750. 1361. Mediterranean flintlock pistol, 1700s, with contemporaneous repairs. 1060 grams, 21" long. Long, octagonal barrel with small loop for strap near bore, engraved lock, simple trigger-guard and buttplate and ramrod-holder (ramrod missing), the handle crudely broken but repaired (with brass and copper nails and fittings) in its own time. Estimate: $400-$600.

1362. Small, European flintlock pistol, early 1800s(?), with touchmarks on barrel.

604 grams, 10-1/2" long. Fat and stubby pistol with short, round barrel marked with two stamps that show a crown above two crossed keys, plain steel lock, brass trigger-guard (no sideplate or buttplate), ramrod missing. Estimate: $400-$600. 1363. Small, European boxlock pistol, late 1700s. 440 grams, 8" long. Octagonal brass barrel encasing the steel lock with steel triggerguard below (the brass in nice condition, the steel lightly corroded), engraved wooden handle. Estimate: $400-$600.

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1364. U.S. Model 1836 single-shot percussion pistol marked A. WATERS / MILBURY, MS. / 1838. 1052 grams, 14-1/4" long. With the appearance of a flintlock but more modern in functionality (small nipple instead of flashpan and flint, possibly converted) and with maker stamped on side, round barrel with sight at bore, gear-like ramrod holder with metal ramrod, sideplate terminating in barrel-strap, plain trigger-guard and buttplate. Estimate: $400-$600.

Swords

1365. German cuphilt rapier, early 1600s, marked on blade HEINRICH BRABENDER ME FECIT / SOLINGEN. 750 grams, 44" long. Choice, narrow blade with clear engraving, large plain cup and simple crossbar and guard and pommel, wooden grip with loose, twisted-wire wrapping, traces (only) of expected surface rust. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1366. Spanish cuphilt rapier (long), with Habsburg arms on cup, 1600s. 1040 grams, 49-1/2" long. The wide blade on this piece is plain but intact, as are the crossbar, guard, pommel and wire-wrapped grip, but the guard is elegantly embossed with various coats-of-arms including the double-headed eagle/shield of Castile and Le贸n of Habsburg fame, with a thin veneer of rust but fully intact. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

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1367. Spanish cuphilt rapier, marked (TOMAS?) inside blood-groove, 1600s. 880 grams, 42" long. Aged blade with faint letters punched into groove on both sides, plain cup and simple crossbar, guard and pommel, with new-looking ribbed wooden grip, intact but well used. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1368. Spanish “espada ancha” cuphilt sword, marked on blade (illegible), 1700s. 890 grams, 39-1/2" long. Typically wide blade with double-line block lettering on groove, very plain cup and crossbar/guard and pommel, light wood grip, fully intact but with surface rust on blade. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1369. Spanish “espada ancha” cuphilt sword, marked on blade CLOSOS for maker Magi Closas, mid- to late 1700s. 1190 grams, 41-1/2" long. Wide, flat blade with incuse maker’s mark and arrow before the cup, which is quite plain, as are the crossbar/guard and

pommel, the horn handle cracked from use but intact overall and lacking any significant rust. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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Natural history 1370. Entire dinosaur fossil in matrix, 125 to 150 million years old (early Cretaceous period). 3160 grams, 20" x 12" x 1/ 2". Of the species Sinohydrosaurus Lingyuanensis (also known as

Hyphalosaurus), which means Chinese water lizard, this complete fossil was found in the Jixian formation in Lingyuan, Liaoning Province, China, in the late 1990s along with others, preserved in a matrix of volcanic ash that precipitated into its deep-water lake environment. This specimen was an adult, with small head and long, flexible neck, short limbs, and extremely long, articulated tail, rather like the larger and much more common Keichosaurus. While the matrix appears to have several repaired cracks and a rectangular area near the head where it seems a small display plaque was removed, the fossil skeleton itself is undamaged and complete. China has discontinued the export of these fossils, so they are now somewhat difficult to obtain. (Note this item is very fragile and is available for pickup only.) Estimate: $600-$900.

1371. Dinosaur egg, 100 million years old (Cretaceous period). 2930 grams, 4-1/2" to 6" in diameter. A nearly complete egg believed to be of the species Hadrosaur (a duck-billed herbivore) found in the Kaoguo formation, Xixia, Henan Province, China, in the 1980s or 1990s, with nice round shape, tan in color, much of the shell intact. China does not allow the exportation of these fossils anymore, so they have become somewhat rare on the market. Estimate: $350-$500. 1372. Dinosaur egg, 100 million years old (Cretaceous period). 3850 grams, 5-1/2" to 7" in diameter. A nearly complete egg believed to be of the species Hadrosaur (a duck-billed herbivore) found in the Kaoguo formation, Xixia, Henan Province, China, in the 1980s or 1990s, with much original matrix at bottom, many small pieces of the actual shell discernible, even tan color all over. China does not allow the exportation of these fossils anymore, so they have become somewhat rare on the market. Estimate: $350-$500.

1373. Large megalodon tooth (black), 25 million years old, found off South Carolina. 214 grams, approx. 4-1/2" x 3-3/4" x 1". Uncommonly intact, with just a little wear around the

edges and with void in the dark root, but impressive in size, especially when you consider what a whole mouth full of them must have looked like! Estimate: $100-$150.

1374. Large megalodon tooth (black), 25 million years old, found off South Carolina. 294 grams, approx. 5" x 4" x 1-1/2". Rare as fully intact, even the finely serrated edges, also

impressively big, typically dark, best and final specimen from a small collection we have been handling. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1375. Mackerel shark tooth in concretion, 25 million years old, found off South Carolina. 246 grams, roughly 3-1/2" x 3" x 2". Perfectly intact specimen with tan enamel and white root, dangling from the edge of a white rock of hard sediment, smaller species than the megalodon but still impressively large. Estimate: $50-$75.

1376. Mackerel shark tooth in concretion, 25 million years old, found off South Carolina. 131.8 grams, roughly 4" x 2" x 1". Choice specimen with glossy enamel, sharp points, elegant tan and lightbrown color, smaller species than the megalodon but still impressively large, this specimen hanging off the side of a chunk of solidified sediment. Estimate: $50-$75.

1377. Complete bull shark jaw with several rows of teeth from the waters off Salinas, Ecuador. 760 grams, 18" x 14" x 3". A complete set of jaws with 250-300 white

teeth in as much as 6 rows, morbidly attractive, great for hanging on a wall. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

1378. Lot of 16 natural emeralds from Colombia. 7.1 grams total, the largest 15 carats. Nice stones, most of them a deep, dark green and fairly translucent, all small except for one big, impressive crystal, basically the same kind of emeralds as found on Spanish ships but without the encrustation. Estimate: $100-$200.

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Miscellaneous

1379. Mayan gold nose ring with flat-disk ends. 13.7 grams. A U-shaped wire with flat “nail head” ends that appear to have been crafted from thin sheets wrapped around blunt ends of the wire, in bright, high-karat gold that shows some age and small nicks and dents, similar to a specimen found on the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $600-$900. 1380. Mayan gold nose ring (coiled). 5.1 grams. A complete loop of thin gold wire with blunted ends (wearable as a finger ring today), crafted in bright, high-karat gold, similar to a specimen found on the “Tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $250-$375.

1384. String of glass beads, Spanish colonial (1500s).

33

grams total, approx. 23" long. A wide array of different types, from

faceted clear crystals to long blue tubes to tiny multi-colored spheres, some probably rare, worth a closer look. Estimate: $200-$300.

1381. Lot of 6 brass/bronze coin weights, Spanish colonial (1500s). 149 grams total, 0.5" to 1" each in diameter. Mostly

round but one octagonal, all with official stamps, a couple with punchmarks, all lightly corroded and/or encrusted, a nice mix of sizes. Estimate: $70-$100.

1385. String of glass beads, Spanish colonial (1500s).

1382. Lot of 5 small silver

29

grams total, approx. 24" long. Long blue tubes with a few small spheres in a wearable length but probably of more appear to collectors. Estimate: $200-$300.

buttons, Spanish colonial (1500s). 6.0 grams total, each up to 0.5" in diameter. Four hemispherical

buttons and one (slightly larger) spherical, with tiny loops on back, perfectly intact and well preserved for their age, much better than what is found on wrecks. Estimate: $50$75.

1386. String of glass beads, Spanish colonial (1500s). 1383. Brass syringe, Spanish colonial (1500s). 55 grams, 4-1/ 2" long and about 5/8" in diameter. A small tube with small-holed caps

at both ends, thin plunger with round-disk end outside and clothwrapped cylinder inside, fully intact (missing only the needle) but heavily patinated. Estimate: $50-$75.

40

grams, approx. 22" long. Mostly blue tubes but also several spheres and other shapes in various sizes, worth a careful look by serious collectors. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1387. Brass ring sundial, mid-1550s to mid-1700s, rare. 5.8 grams, 1-1/4" in diameter with 1-1/2" length of links. Before the watch was invented, people estimated time with “pocket

sundials” like this one, which operated by means of a narrow slit and shadows cast on numbers for the hours stamped inside the ring, with letters for each month stamped on the outside, uncommonly intact (including links of chain at top) and well preserved. Estimate: $200-$300.

1388. Small “Nuremburg” chest, early 1600s(?), with original key. 13" x 10" x 8-1/2". Classic design with 2-bolt locking mechanism behind ornate plate under lid, keyhole in top, false lock in front, ornately strapped exterior with two padlock straps in front, plain interior with no inner box, unusually small (consignor calls it a “queen’s chest”), with small handle at top, nice operational condition. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

1389. Intact French clay pipe, 1680-90, with rooster emblem on spur and design on stem, found at the site of a tavern on Long Island, NY. 24.6 grams, 8" long. Complete piece with long stem and full “peanut” bowl (just a tiny old chip in rim), the stem with beaded-pattern rings and the spur with stamped rooster, believed to be from French-Indian trade in the area in which it was found. Estimate: $100-$150.

1390. Set of 11 carved-bone letter tiles used to teach children, ca. 1800, in Riker case. 84 grams total (with 4-1/4" x 3-1/4" case), each tile about 11/16" x 1/2". Rectangular tiles in excellent condition, the letters in black ink very clear, neat historical collectible for Scrabble

lovers! Estimate: $35-$50.

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1391. Large crucifix consisting of a wooden cross with metal Christ figure above skulland-crossbones, found in Ecuador, mid-1800s. 300 grams, 14-1/2" x 6-1/2" x 1-1/2". Simple wooden

cross with traces of black paint and with brass Jesus figure (one wrist repaired, missing nail in foot) applied to front with INRI and skull-and-crossbones (representing Golgotha) in separate brass pieces above and below, brass hanger at top, well used but postcolonial in design. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1392. Pewter clyster-pump with wooden handle, late 1800s. 410 grams, 13" long and 1-3/4" in diameter. Like a big syringe, this wide, sturdy tube with wooden plunger-handle and long, thin nozzle was generally used to give enemas, and as such is fairly often found in the remains of shipwrecks, compared to which this non-wreck specimen is in a much better state of preservation, with all parts intact and functional, just a bit encrusted and aged. Estimate: $150-$225.

1393. Brass bosun’s whistle, Asian, dragon motif, late 1800s/early 1900s(?).

35.5 grams, 5-3/4" long. Old, thin brass with

dragon on top of narrow pipe with flat handle terminating in a hollow spherical cavity, a device used by the ship’s bosun for shipboard commands and alerts. Estimate: $40-$60.

1394. Dutch “onion” bottle, ca. 1740s. 629 grams, 7" tall and 5-1/4" at its widest. Small but intact bottle in light, translucent green, crudely made but complete lip, medium pontil with some sharp edges inside, no chips or cracks but some bubbles in the glass, including a big one near the bottom. Estimate: $60-$90. 1395. Lot of 3 colonial-era bottles (intact, 2 with original corks) from the Suriname River (1700s-1800s). 517 to 803 grams each, 7-3/4" to 10" tall, 2-1/2" to 5-3/4" in diameter. A representative set of dark glass bottles, probably all English, including an “onion” wine bottle (early 1700s), a fat ale bottle (late 1700s) and two-part beer bottle (early 1800s), all but the last opaque from water-wear, medium pontils, the onion with bubbles inside the glass and crackling in the pontil. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1396. US “Saratoga style” mineral water bottle embossed with CLARKE & WHITE / NEW YORK, ca. 1860s. 756 grams, 9-1/2" tall and 3-1/2" in diameter. Cylindrical bottle in dark green glass with “crown” lip at top, X inside shallow pontil on bottom, fully intact, no chips or cracks but with lots of tiny bubbles inside the glass. Estimate: $35-$50.

1397. Earthenware mortar with green glaze, Spanish colonial (1500s). 1423 grams, 7" in diameter and 4-1/2" tall. Very rustic but intact (hairline crack only), with patches of original darkgreen glaze around the top lip and inside. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1398. Brass mortar-and-pestle set with wings (rare), ca. 1620s-1630s. 5490 grams, 4-3/4" tall and 7" in diameter (mortar), 9-1/4" long (pestle). Curious

design with 6 protrusions (“wings”) on sides, one holed, otherwise plain but well preserved, the pestle with lots of dents and marks from many years of use. Estimate: $250-$375.

1399. Brass mortar-and-pestle set, ca. 1820s. 1490 grams, 3-1/4" tall and 4-3/4" in diameter (mortar), 7-1/4" long (pestle). Small, plain antique with light

sediment in crevices, old marks from use and corrosion on handle of pestle, good for display. Estimate: $125$200.

1400. Brass nested cup-weight set with case, probably 1600s-1700s, from Ecuador. 450 grams, 2-3/4" in diameter and 1-3/4" tall. A clean and functional set with intact latching case, missing only the smallest plug-weight, stamped with S 16 on lid, 8 on the inside bottom,

some green encrustation. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $50-$75.

1401. Intact French redware bowl, colonial period (mid-1700s), found in New England. 351 grams, 7" in diameter and 2-3/ 4" tall. A beautifully vivid and complete piece with green (leaves?), reddish (branches?) and white (background) colors inside over red clay, no

chips, cracks or other damage. Estimate: $100-$150.

1402. Large iron tankard, mid-1700s, found on the site of a tavern built in 1750 in the Hudson River Valley, NY. 641 grams, 8" tall and 4" in diameter. Rather tall, with two seams on sides and simple handle (with small hole at top) in between, solid and intact except for pinholes in the bottom. Estimate: $150-$225.

1403. German(?) pewter plate with markings for ELIAS / BEYERBAC(H), early 1800s. 417 grams, 9" in diameter, with 11/4" raised rim. Intact and still-shiny plate with light bruise in rim, marked three times on bottom with partial maker’s marks (untraced) with

lettering above angel holding sword and scales. Estimate: $40-$60.

1404. German(?) pewter bowl with markings of ZINNFEIN / CDG, probably early 1800s. 319 grams, 8" in diameter and 1" deep. Plain bowl in shiny pewter with three bold stamps on bottom showing an angel holding sword and scales inside lettering (probably a quality mark and not the maker), also engraved with double-line block letters “N I” (probably the owner). Estimate: $40-$60.

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1405. US colonial-era copper pot with stitched bottom, late 1700s. 801 grams, about 5" tall and 8" in diameter. Well used and obviously aged but fully intact and functional, with engraved handle attached to simple loops below rim, with two side seams and seam at bottom displaying a characteristic “stitching,” bright copper exterior and dull tin interior. Estimate: $100-$150.

1406. Lot of 6 ceramic tiles from Spain, showing PLVS VLTRA, lions (2), castles (2) and REY (time period unknown). 2300 grams total, 3/4" thick, 10" x 3-3/4", 5-1/2" square and 2-1/2" square (x4). An attractively rustic set of tiles removed from a torn-down building (the REY tile showing mortar on back), with small chips in edge but designs intact and colored in brown, green, blue and black, begging to be set into the fireplace hearth in a treasure-collector’s den! Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1407. Marty Meylach’s personal dive mask, in original box, with prescription lenses, pictured in Flash of Gold. 261 grams (in box), roughly 7" x 5" x 3". Vintage Italian rubber-and-glass mask made by Cressi-sub (the world’s oldest underwater diving supply company), model Pinocchio, its glass custom-made to Marty’s eyesight-correcting prescription, lacking the strap but not for wearing so much as having a unique connection to the famous diver and author. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, and pictured in several places in his book. Estimate: $50-$75.

1408. Marty Meylach’s personal sextant, in original wooden case, Japanese model MAC-4L (1971), complete and in top working order. 3239 grams, 12" x 111/4" x 6.5" total. This is the instrument Marty used to take bearings

during his many salvage adventures, and like everything else, he kept it in excellent condition, in its original case, with all pieces (separate scope, small tools, etc.) intact and safely stored, with specs in English and Japanese on card inside the top, leather handle on side. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection. Estimate: $350$500.

1409. Small ivory sperm-whale scrimshaw of a sailing ship by Duke Long (1982) mounted in 14K gold mermaid pendant. 25.0 grams, 2-1/2" x 1-1/4" x 1/4". Collectors of recoveries from the Concepción (1641) are familiar with the work of artist Duke Long, whose ink and scrimshaw engravings of ships and scenes are beautifully detailed and accurate, such as the galleon on this small piece, a cross-section cut of a whale tooth, with tasteful gold mermaid mounting at top for attaching to a necklace (two small loops). Estimate: $500-$750.

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Treasure & World Coin Auction #10  

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Treasure & World Coin Auction #10 October 25-26, 2011

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