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Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction

#19

LIVE ON THE INTERNET

Wednesday, May 18, 2016 Session I: 1 pm edt Session II: 5 pm edt

Thursday, May 19, 2016 Session III: 9 am edt Session IV: 4 pm edt

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327 www.SedwickCoins.com

Bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com Auction and catalog production by Daniel Sedwick, Augi García-Barneche, Cori Sedwick Downing and Michelle B. Heidt Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592 © All images and text are copyright of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2016. All rights reserved.

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS By participating in this auction, you (hereafter referred to as the “Bidder”) are entering into a binding contract with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC (“Auctioneer”) and agree to the following Terms and Conditions: 1)

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Each lot will be sold to the highest Bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, telephone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. All non-live bids must be received before the auction session begins. The Auctioneer or any of its employees individually cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time, or for any technical glitches that prevent internet bids from being executed. All bidders must be registered before their bids will be entered. All bids are in U.S. dollars. Winning bids will be reduced automatically by the iCollector platform to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie. A winning bid is contract between the winning Bidder (hereafter referred to as the “Buyer”) and the Consignor. The Buyer, even if acting as an agent for someone else, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he has won and to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping costs, sales tax, bank-wire fees, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the Buyer. Certain lots (particularly artifacts) may require special packaging and handling, for which a surcharge will be levied (also note shipping calculations will delay invoicing). In some special cases delivery may be arranged directly between the Consignor and the Buyer, at the buyer’s cost. At no time shall the Buyer have any legal recourse against the Consignor for any reason. Buyers will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification or within one month of the date of the first session of the auction, whichever is sooner. Buyers who do not receive notification for whatever reason are NOT released from their obligation to pay on time. If payment has not been received within these terms, the Auctioneer reserves the right to sell the lot(s) to any under-bidders for their lower bid amounts. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 2% per month. Lot pickup will be available after the auction (not during). Any lots not picked up in person (unless other arrangements are made) will be sent to Buyers via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the Buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases). Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is responsible for loss or damage to lots only up until they are received at the address to which they are sent; any transshipment from there is the buyer’s responsibility alone. Any special instructions for shipping, delivery or payment must be in writing (letter, fax, email or text) and will be effective only upon confirmation by us (verbal requests may not be honored). Generally, lots will be shipped in the order in which they are paid. A Buyer’s Premium of 19.5% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Buyers who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 2% (net 17.5%). Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by PayPal (to auction@sedwickcoins.com) are limited to $2,500 per auction per buyer. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank. Please contact us for instructions for wire-transfer payments, for which bank charges may be necessarily added to the amount to be paid, generally depending on the country from which the wire originates. New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply commercial references in the numismatic field and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidders with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of their previous balance before their bids will be accepted. You may opt for “either/or” and/or “total budget” bids on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. “Total budget” bids are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend

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more than a specified amount. Both options are subject to a minimum of $5,000 total in bids and “either/or” bids are additionally subject to a minimum of $100 per lot (below that, bidders should bid live on the Internet instead). These options are not available for bids submitted via iCollector (either live or by proxy). Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will generally be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars. As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level (generally at least 70% of low estimate). Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith. Starting bids are provided on iCollector when the auction is published, and bids below those starting bids cannot be entered. Prices realized do not necessarily reflect accurate market values so much as what the high bidder is willing to pay based on his own needs. All items are guaranteed genuine and as described. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC does NOT guarantee that any lots can be successfully encapsulated. Auctions are NOT approval sales, and therefore returns will NOT be accepted UNLESS there was an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion cannot be considered errors. Lots encapsulated by PCGS, NGC or any other third-party company may not be returned for any reason. Disputes as to authenticity shall be resolved by submission to PCGS or NGC, and if their determination is inconclusive, then the opinion of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC shall stand. Any disputes, including proposed returns, must be brought to our attention no later than 2 days after receipt of the lot(s) by the Buyer and BEFORE return shipment to us, with any applicable refunds to be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s) by us. All returns must be received by us in unaltered condition and in their original, unopened, sealed flips no later than one month after the date of the first auction session (note that late remittance, therefore, can negate return privileges). Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee. In the event of loss or damage, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC’s liability shall be limited to the hammer price plus buyer’s fee only. NGC or PCGS census data (“finest known,” etc.) are given based on the date of cataloging and are not presumed to be accurate forever. Note that any group-lots returned due to error in listing must be returned in entirety. In case of loss or theft the guaranty is limited to either the reserve price (if unsold) or the hammer price plus buyer’s fee (if sold). Any extra expenses incurred by the winning bidder or consignor in order to bid, inspect, consign or pick up the lots are not covered and are the sole responsibility of the winning bidder/consignor. Any potential or speculative value is not guaranteed. Lots may be inspected before the auction at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website and on iCollector 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. All photographs in the catalog and online are of the actual lots being sold but may not be actual size or to scale. Color and brightness of online photos may vary according to your monitor and video-card specifications. If buyer does not supply a Florida resale certificate, then Florida sales tax will apply as follows: If picked up in person, 6.5% will be added to the total (hammer plus buyer’s fee) for all items that are NOT coins or bullion, and to all nonU.S. coins whose total is less than $500. Same applies to lots shipped to Florida addresses, but the rate (6% to 7.5%) will be according to county of delivery. There is no Florida sales tax on U.S coins or on any lots shipped out of state. All bidders and consignors acknowledge and agree that the Auctioneer (Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC) does NOT guarantee that auctions will be unimpaired, uninterrupted or error-free and accordingly shall not be liable for such eventualities. Any errors in the printed catalog will be rectified on the website and iCollector as they come to our attention, and those corrected listings shall be deemed the binding descriptions at the time of the auction. The Auctioneer in its sole and absolute discretion may accept or decline any bid, remove bids and reopen bidding, withdraw lots, or change lot sequence or bidding increments at any time, even after the winning bid and winning bidder have been announced. Any bidding disputes shall be adjudicated by the Auctioneer, whose decision shall be deemed binding and final. This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592. The Auctioneer and Bidder agree that the venue for all claims and disputes shall be the applicable court having jurisdiction in Orange County in the State of Florida, and that the prevailing party shall be entitled to all attorneys’ fees and costs. THE BIDDER AGREES TO WAIVE THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL.

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Table of Contents SECTION LOTS PAGES Shipwreck Histories .......................................................................................................... 8-17 SESSION I: Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 1 PM EDT Gold Cobs (by mint) ..................................................................................1-100.............. 19-45 ARTICLE: The Santa Fe de Bogotá Cob 2 Escudos of 1627-32, by Herman Blanton.................. 27-33 World Gold Coins (by country) .................................................................101-237.......... 46-61 U.S. Coins ..................................................................................................238-285.......... 62-69 SESSION II: Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 5 PM EDT Shipwreck Ingots .......................................................................................286-305.......... 71-80 Shipwreck Silver Coins (chronologically by wreck) ...................................306-602.......... 81-128 ARTICLE: The 1618 Wreck of the San Martín, Almiranta de Honduras, by Dave Horner.......... 84-87 SESSION III: Thursday, May 19, 2016, 9 AM EDT Silver cobs of Mexico City, Mexico .............................................................603-691.......... 129-141 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ............................................................................692-766.......... 141-150 Silver cobs of Potosí, Bolivia.......................................................................767-1089........ 152-196 Other Silver Cobs (by country) ..................................................................1090-1142...... 196-202 SESSION IV: Thursday, May 19, 2016, 4 PM EDT Ancient Coins.............................................................................................1143-1178...... 203-209 ARTICLE: Coinage from the Province of La Rioja, 1824-29, by Mariano Cohen...................... 210-215 World Silver Coins (by country).................................................................1179-1622...... 216-284 Medals and Tokens......................................................................................1623-1671...... 284-295 Shipwreck Artifacts.....................................................................................1672-1695...... 297-306 Non-Wreck Artifacts...................................................................................1696-1731...... 306-317 Documents.................................................................................................1732-1748...... 318-323

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A NOTE ABOUT THE ORDER As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (nine previous editions). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. Restrepo = Restrepo’s Monedas de Colombia, 1619-2006, second edition (2006). S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, fourth edition (2007). Spink = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, forty-first edition (2006). A list of other, more specialized references used in our catalogs is provided upon request.

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that. (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade.  Mint State refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts, documents, artwork and media. Photos of coins in the most recent NGC capsules have four white intrusions into the rims of the coins due to a special design meant to enable viewing of the edges of those coins.

We encourage bidders to examine lots in person, either at the coin shows we attend or at our premises in Winter Park, Florida (by appointment only).

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Watch and bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 6


Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #19

Live on the Internet, Wednesday-Thursday, May 18-19, 2016 With more lots than in any of our past five auctions, this sale promises to be a big one, appealing to collectors and dealers alike. All of our usual specialties (shipwreck ingots and coins and cobs) are well represented, but this time we also have significant selections of U.S. coins and general world coins, particularly Latin American. The Gold Cobs and Shipwreck Silver Coins sections are where we feature the collections of two of our longtime friends and clients: Dave Horner and Tom Gray. You will find biographies of each in the shipwrecks section. The selections from these collectors include some choice and interesting pieces, some from rather difficult wrecks to find! Dave’s many years of involvement in the salvage trade has brought him choice pieces from the 1715 Fleet, Capitana (1654), Maravillas (1656), and “Jupiter wreck” (1659), as well as the hard-to-find first wreck of Florida, the San Martín (1618), all of which you will find here. Tom Gray’s collection, which also includes several Shipwreck Ingots and U.S. Coins from shipwrecks, was recently featured at the Edward C. Rochette Money Museum at the American Numismatic Association in Colorado Springs (see Tom’s biography), so we are quite honored to present these museum-worthy pieces to you now. Both shipwreck and not, the Gold Cobs section is also loaded with Colombian and Spanish 2 escudos (doubloons), more than we’ve had in any other sale in recent years. Experts will want to be sure to read the article from Herman Blanton about Bogotá’s earliest 2 escudos. The Shipwreck Ingots section this time has some very interesting ingots and cuts in all three metals (gold, silver and copper)—lots of odd wrecks and rare markings! We remain the only auction house with regular offerings of ingots like these. Why? Because they are rare and arcane, and it takes more than “just” a numismatist or salvager to know these things. The silver cobs sections (Mexico Silver Cobs, Lima Silver Cobs, Potosi Silver Cobs, and Other Silver Cobs) are chock-full of large lots for dealers. In Mexico Silver Cobs you will find a large selection of Charles-Joanna coinage, and in Potosi Silver Cobs we are featuring the 8R collection of the late Marco Gardini, plus many small Royals and dated shield-types. With unparalleled knowledge and experience in the field, we continue to offer more Potosí cobs than any other company. (Be sure to inquire about the First International Convention of Historians and Numismatists in Potosí this October!) But our biggest section by far this time is World Silver Coins, augmented and enhanced by several large and important consignments, particularly some choice Latin American minors from an anonymous but very discerning collector. You will see unheard-of quality here, particularly in Argentina and Colombia, and we are featuring an article by Mariano Cohen about La Rioja coins—read it and learn! The Ancient Coins and Medals and Tokens sections are beefed up this time as well. Finally—another one of our exclusive specialties—the Shipwreck Artifacts section features several important pieces of gold jewelry, including a fabulous coral-encrusted “wedding” chain from the Atocha (1622) and a red-coral rosary from the 1715 Fleet. Our Non-Wreck Artifacts are loaded with flintlocks this time, plus many other neat items from a continuing consignment from a major antiques specialist. Don’t miss some great maps and engravings in the Documents section at the end, and of course we expect great interest in the pirate painting Payday by Liliya Skubish (last lot of the sale), which we are featuring on the cover and in our advertising for this auction. As always, above all we encourage everyone to enjoy the sale and feel the thrill of hunting down your next treasure. Good luck to all! The Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC production team:

Daniel Sedwick

Agustín (Augi) García-Barneche

Cori Sedwick Downing

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Michelle B. Heidt


SHIPWRECK (AND HOARD) HISTORIES Throughout this catalog we offer coins, ingots and artifacts from many dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—”treasure” in the truest sense. So as not to break up the flow of the catalog in the listings, we offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories here either because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general. Also be sure to check out our Virtual Shipwreck and Hoard Map on the web at www.sedwickcoins.com/map/map.html.

show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

“Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

Before there were coins and Spanish Treasure Fleets, Hernán Cortés and his men acquired treasure in the form of NativeAmerican gold and silver artifacts that were melted down in Mexico for easier transportation. The variable-fineness ingots thus created were known to archeologists but were not thought to exist until the discovery of a wreck full of them off Grand Bahama Island in 1992. After the salvage of what ultimately was determined to be a ca.-1528 wreck, the ingots came to be known as “tumbaga” bars and were subsequently distributed to the collecting community by Frank and Daniel Sedwick. Like most official Spanish colonial bullion, each bar was marked with the fineness (the gold in parts per 24, the silver in parts per 2400) and assayer, and especially with tax stamps to show that the king got his cut. On these particular bars the tax stamps show a legend that reads CAROLVS QVINTVS IMPERATOR for Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (who was also Charles I of Spain, son of Queen Joanna). The “Tumbaga” Saga: Treasure of the Conquistadors, by Agustín García-Barneche (2010), gives the story behind these bars, particularly their history and manufacture, with complete data and analysis and photos of many of the ingots. Each bar is also described in detail in Tumbaga Silver for Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, by Douglas Armstrong (1993), a professional conservator hired by the salvage company to clean and preserve all the silver “tumbaga” bars.

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas

The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Esteban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wreck-site was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Charles-Joanna (up to and including assayer S), some of which still washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

Santiago, sunk in 1585 on the Bassas da India atoll between Mozambique and Madagascar

This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican CharlesJoanna silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World. To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican Carlos-Juana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars (see above), although the later gold ingots were cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we use today. The gold ingots also

This relatively obscure wreck sank on a reef at night due to pilot error, following which the captain and crew absconded with the one useable lifeboat, leaving some 400 or more passengers to perish on the wreck. The Santiago was found again and salvaged in the late 1970s by Ernest Erich Klaar and eventually yielded thousands of silver cobs (marketed in the 1980s) of both Spain and Spanish America (particularly the mints of Seville and Mexico). This shipwreck is also numismatically notable as one of only two wrecks (along with the Atocha of 1622) to have produced the extremely rare cobs of the Panama mint.

Unidentified (presumably Spanish) wreck sunk ca. 1590 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico

Salvaged surreptitiously by Florida divers, this wreck yielded Philip II cobs of Mexico, Lima and Potosí, some in remarkably good condition. Many of this wreck’s coins are recognizable by their jagged, truncated edges (from corrosion) with pristine interior details. Without consideration of that characteristic pattern of corrosion, the coins from this wreck can pass for Atocha (1622) coins, which is how many of them were successfully sold with fraudulent Atocha certificates in the 1990s.

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a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to noncollectors than to serious numismatists.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

The name and nationality of the ship are unknown and even the date of sinking is not certain. All we know is that records of its local salvage began in 1618. After rediscovery of the wreck by Ken Simpson and Mike Hall in 1975, eventually some 3,000 coins were recovered and sold, all silver cobs, mostly Mexican, but also from Potosí and Spain. Most of the coins are thin from corrosion but with dark toning on fields to enhance details. Because it is rather early, this wreck has yielded several important rarities like the F-oD dual-assayer issue from Mexico.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins. In 2008 divers with the subcontractor company Blue Water Recovery found more gold on the Santa Margarita and also a lead box stuffed full of pearls.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida

Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1- and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico, Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times—than their non-salvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique

The São José was the almiranta of a fleet carrying Francisco da Gama (grandson of the famous Vasco da Gama) from Lisbon, Portugal, to his new post as Viceroy in Goa, India, when the ships were attacked at night on July 22 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet off Mozambique. Suffering from disease, the captain and crew of the São José at first tried to ground her but ended up sinking in deeper water, taking many chests of Spanish silver with her. The English and Dutch made off with some of the cargo and 100 prisoners from the São José, with hundreds more people and the bulk of the treasure lost to the sea. In 2003 the salvage company Arqueonautas located the wreck and eventually recovered just over 20,000 silver cobs (all 8 and 4 reales) from Spain, Mexico, and South America.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to

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Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador

This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola

The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

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As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company, Seafinders, in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in 1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí


coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company, Marex, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida

As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck. Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain

The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiber-optic cable across the river. It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

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1681 Fleet (“Portobelo wreck”), sunk in 1681 off Portobelo, Panama

The 1681 “Tierra Firme” Fleet, commanded by Juan Antonio Vicentelo de Leca y Herrara, better known as the Marqués de Brenes, left Cádiz, Spain, on January 28, 1681, and reached Cartagena, Colombia, on April 2. From there a small armada of 12 ships was sent out to assess the danger of pirates in the area, as this was the age of Henry Morgan and other privateers on the Spanish Main. Bad weather also intervened, and it was not till November that the 1681 Fleet finally left Cartagena bound for Portobelo, Panama.  As the Fleet approached Portobelo, strong winds and hard rain prevented the pilots from recognizing the land until nighttime, by which time they had passed their destination and found themselves near dangerous reefs off the Islas Naranjos.  The Capitana (lead vessel), Santo Cristo de San Agustín y Nuestra Señora del Rosario, immediately anchored and signaled the rest of the fleet to anchor as well. It was too late for the merchant nao Boticaria, which struck a reef there at midnight on November 29, but gently enough that almost everyone on board was saved.  Rescue boats soon arrived. As the Boticaria stayed on the reef for three days before sinking, salvagers were able save almost everything. Meanwhile, news came in that another ship in the fleet, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, had wrecked on another reef near even farther along, off a point near a western entrance to the Chagres River known as Punta de Brujas (not to be confused with Brujas on the Pacific coast). Unlike the Boticaria, however, the 22-gun Soledad hit the reef with such force that 50 people died, including its owner, Captain Antonio de Lima. The rest of the 1681 Fleet finally reached Portobelo on December 3, still under adverse weather conditions. More casualties arose when the ship Chaperón found herself stranded at the mouth of the Chagres River and in danger of sinking due to lack of anchoring equipment and personnel. In the process of delivering assistance, a small ship known as a tartana was lost, and by the time the other rescue ships made it to the Chaperón they found that its crew had all escaped and only three boatloads of goods could be saved before the ship sank. After taking care of business in Portobelo, the ill-fated fleet returned to Cartagena on March 27, 1682, and on May 8 set sail for Havana, Cuba. That night yet another merchant ship, the Santa Teresa, captained by Don Manuel de Galarza, was lost, and several other vessels had to return to Cartagena. Then, while en route to Havana, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y San Ignacio de Loyola hit a reef just past Cape San Antonio, Cuba, and was set afire after its cargo was salvaged. Reaching Havana on June 1, the ragtag 1681 Fleet finally made it back to Spain on September 2. The various lost ships of the 1681 Fleet have been salvaged off and on in modern times. While it would seem that the location of each wreck would indicate its identity, the fact is that most sources have not been well documented, and the wrecks of pirate ships with loot from the same fleet are possible as well.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having

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recovered only about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

“Taj Mahal treasure,” sunk ca. 1702 off Sri Lanka

The story of the so-called “Taj Mahal treasure” is more about modern romance than historical events, for it was famously salvaged by the author Arthur C. Clarke in 1961-3, while he was living in Sri Lanka and scouting for film sites. Childhood polio had left Clarke wheelchair-bound, but he could dive, and that is just what he did when some boys told him and his associate Mike Wilson about the find on the Great Basses Reef. The adventure that ensued is well documented in Clarke’s 1964-5 books The Treasure of the Great Reef and Indian Ocean Treasure. Ten coin-clumps were recovered from this unidentified wreck, each coin a silver rupee dated AH1113 (1702 AD) from the time of Shah Aurangzeb Alamgir, the sixth and last great mogul emperor of India, and the son of Shah Jahan, who had built the Taj Mahal in mid-1600s. Two of the coin-clumps are permanently ensconced in museums—one in the Smithsonian and one in the Arthur C. Clarke archives (“Clarkives”) in Taunton, England. A third clump was recently featured on the TV show Pawn Stars. All the rest of the clumps were broken up and the coins have been marketed since 1992, when they were acquired by famous treasure hunter Carl Fismer, who then teamed up with video producer Robert Lewis Knecht to travel to Sri Lanka and record the story again from Clarke himself. Arthur C. Clarke died in 2008, but not before diving one more time with Fismer and Knecht.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa

This Dutch East Indiaman was outbound when she tried to put into Saldanha Bay to alleviate rampant scurvy on board the ship. On April 3, 1702, she hit reefs on the southwest point of Jutten Island and within hours was smashed to pieces. Only 99 of the 200 people aboard the Merestein survived. On board the Merestein were several chests of silver coins for trade in the East Indies and for which immediate salvage plans were undertaken. But Jutten Island is no easy dive, and all attempts were abandoned until modern times. The wreck was rediscovered and salvaged in the early 1970s, yielding almost exclusively Dutch silver ducatoons from the 1600s. The number of coins found in the 1970s was around 15,000 and is believed to be nowhere near all of the treasure that was lost. Thousands more coins and artifacts were recovered by the salvage company Sealit in the 1990s.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as


many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time. Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still sub-leases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003). Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada

The Feversham was on its way north with three other ships from New York to Quebec with provisions and cash to assist a British campaign against the French when all four ships sank on and around Scatarie Island off Cape Breton in a storm on October 7, 1711. About 100 people died in the disaster, while the remaining 49 survivors were able to bribe a passing French fisherman to take them to New York for 200 pounds. Apparently no one—British or French—was able to salvage anything from the wreck in its time. In 1968 the wrecksite of the Feversham was rediscovered by a group of divers led by famous Canadian salvager, Alex Storm, whose recoveries were sold privately to a “highly-reputable Canadian institution” in 1972. In the mid-1980s the Feversham was salvaged again by a new group of divers. The Feversham’s numismatic yield was small in comparison with Spanish galleon treasures, but quite important as a cross-section of coinage in circulation in New York at the time. Mostly it was Spanish American silver cobs and Massachusetts Bay Colony shillings, many of the former with rare, weightadjustment plugs to bring them up to standard. A small group of gold cobs—almost entirely Bogotá 2 escudos, virtually identical to those from the Spanish 1715 Fleet—was found in later salvage efforts. An abundance of auctions offered these coins from 1989 through 1999.

1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715 Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent.

Whydah, sunk in 1717 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts

Flagship of the notorious pirate Sam Bellamy, the Whydah sank in a storm on April 26 with the loss of all hands (including Bellamy himself) except for two. Found in 1984 and subsequently salvaged by Barry Clifford, the Whydah is widely recognized as the first identifiable pirate ship ever to be salvaged. There is now a museum dedicated to the ship on Cape Cod that houses all the salvaged finds from the Whydah, but before that opened, various cobs (silver and gold) and other coins from the Whydah would enter the market via local dealers, who presumably got them from lucky beachcombers and from the families of people who obtained the coins long ago. Today it is nearly impossible to acquire a coin from the Whydah.

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The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual free-forall, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”-type coins of 1733.

“Ca Mau wreck,” sunk ca. 1723-35 off Ca Mau Island, Vietnam

This unidentified Chinese wreck in the South China Sea yielded thousands of Ch’ing Dynasty export porcelain manufactured under the Emperor K’ang Hsi. The finds were first offered at auction by Christie’s in 1998, but anonymously; more recently the government of Vietnam has auctioned off a major portion of the porcelains. These porcelains are quite popular among collectors of Spanish Fleet items because they are identical to the K’ang Hsi material from the Florida wrecks of 1715 and 1733.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

This East Indiaman, whose Dutch name means “Castle of Hooge” (a place in modern-day Belgium), was outbound to Batavia (Jakarta) with a load of three tons of silver ingots (15 chests) plus four chests of silver coins, three of which contained nothing but Mexican cobs. Blown off course by a storm, the Slot ter Hooge wrecked on November 19 off Porto Santo Island in the Madeira Islands (northwest of Africa), to the demise of some 221 people on board (only 33 survived). More than half the treasure was salvaged over the next ten years by the famous English inventor John Lethbridge, but the rest was forgotten until our time. In 1974 the wreck was rediscovered by the well-known salvager Robert Sténuit, who recovered many silver ingots and coins, mostly Dutch ducatoons but also some Mexican 8-reales cobs.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands

The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada

This French man-of-war was attempting to reach Louisburg harbor with a consignment of troops and coins for the French colony when a storm sent her onto the rocks of Cape Breton instead, killing all on board. The main wrecksite was never found until 1961, when Alex Storm spotted cannons on the seabed and led a successful salvage expedition on the site in 1965, yielding many French silver ecus and gold Louis d’ors. The Chameau has been salvaged more recently as well.

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733-Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England

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Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a m o s t u nu s u a l feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739 (by the calendar in use by the British at the time), with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace.


By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but there were also a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

Actually a Portuguese vessel leased by the Spanish, the Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders (dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Laden with 20 chests (69,760 ounces) of Spanish silver, the East Indiaman Princess Louisa fell victim to surprise currents and inaccurate charts and struck a reef and sank off Isla de Maio in the early morning hours of April 18. Forty-two of the 116 people aboard floated to safety on the nearby island, but nothing on the ship could be saved. Contemporaneous salvage never came to fruition. In 1998 and 1999 the wrecksite was located and salvaged by the Arqueonautas firm, whose finds from this wreck have been largely marketed by a Houston coin and jewelry dealer ever since, although some coins were also sold at auction in 2000-2001. Most of the coins were New World silver cobs from all the mints that were operating in the early 1700s (including rare Bogotá cobs), predominantly minors (smaller than 8 reales), in average condition, with quite a few preserved in as-found multiple-coin clusters.

Geldermalsen (“Nanking Cargo”), sunk in 1752 in the South China Sea The Geldermalsen was a Dutch East India Company ship returning to Amsterdam with a cargo of over 160,000 porcelains and 145 gold ingots (in addition to tea and textiles) when she hit a reef and sank on January 3, 1752. In 1985 the wreck was found by Michael Hatcher, and the salvaged material was sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam in 1986 as the famous “Nanking Cargo.”

Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique

The Bredenhof was a Dutch East Indiaman headed to India with 14 barrels of copper “duits” (penny-like coins), 29 chests of silver bars, and one chest of gold ducats. On June 6, 1753, about 13 miles from the eastern coast of Africa and 120 miles south of the Portuguese settlement of Mozambique, the Bredenhof found herself in difficult currents and struck a reef. Amazingly, among the first items jettisoned to try to raise the ship off the reef were some of the chests of silver bars! The gold was taken by the ship’s officers, some of whom survived the trip to Mozambique, but the silver bars and copper coins were lost until modern times, despite salvage attempts in the 1750s. In 1986 divers with the salvage company Sealit found the wreck and recovered hundreds of silver ingots and hundreds of thousands of copper coins, all sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam that same year.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchorline snapped and the ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage on the wreck by the salvage company Sealit yielded thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in

Tilbury, sunk in 1757 off Nova Scotia, Canada

In an expedition against the French fortress at Louisbourg, the Tilbury was one of four ships (in a fleet of twenty) that were carrying a total of 34 chests of silver coins when the fleet encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Cape Breton. The Tilbury and

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one of the non-coin-bearing ships, the smaller sloop Ferret, sank in the middle of the night on September 25, 1757. Two hundred eighty of the 400 men on board the Tilbury survived to become French prisoners; the other ship and its crew were lost without a trace. Famous diver and author Alex Storm (with Adrian Richards) located the bow section of the Tilbury in 1969 on a stretch of coastline known, appropriately enough, as “Tilbury Rocks,” where until the 1980s there was even a cannon from the wreck lying on shore for all to see. In 1986 divers Pierre LeClerc and Gilles Brisebois found what is believed to be the midsection of the ship farther offshore, and these divers recovered several hundred coins, many of which were auctioned in 1989. Most of the coins were silver pillar dollars, but there were also several silver cobs and even at least one gold cob among the finds. The missing stern section of the ship, where the bulk of the treasure was stored, is still to be found.

Halsewell, sunk in 1786 off Dorset, England

A British East Indiaman outbound to India, the Halsewell hit bad weather in the English Channel and was blown onto the cliffs on the Dorset coast. She was battered to pieces as minority survivors scrambled into caves and up the cliffs. Local dive teams have salvaged coins and small artifacts from the Halsewell in recent years, but not in any significant quantities.

Hartwell, sunk in 1787 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

On her maiden voyage to China, the British East Indiaman Hartwell was heavily laden with silver when the crew mutinied. After quelling the fight, the captain headed to the Cape Verde Islands to offload the mutineers. Exhausted from the mutiny, the weary sailors ran the ship into a reef off the Island of Boavista, losing the ship entirely. Fortunately all hands were saved. Salvage by the British East India Company 1788-1791 yielded nearly half of the approximately 200,000 ounces of silver cargo on board the Hartwell. Pirates at the time recovered another 40,000 coins. The wrecksite was found again and salvaged by Afrimar in 1994-1996 and by Arqueonautas in 1996-1999, providing the market with Spanish colonial bust-type 8 reales in generally poor condition.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

After the end of the Seven Years’ War between England and France in 1759, French officers and aristocrats in Canada were sent from Quebec back to France in ships such as the Auguste. In stormy conditions and damaged by fire, the Auguste struck a sand bar on November 15 and subsequently sank in Aspy Bay off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Only seven of the 121 on board survived, and the wealth of the passengers was lost until our time. To date, well over a thousand coins of various nationalities have been found, along with many important artifacts.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England

Nicobar, sunk in 1783 off South Africa

One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone. In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

One of very few famous shipwrecks of the Danish East India Company, the Nicobar was outbound to India with a load of copper plates from Sweden that were actually a form of coins, inasmuch as each one bore a date, denomination and mintmark, along with the monogram of the king or queen. Demonetized in 1771, the copper “plate money” became more like ingots, with trade value at the current rate for pure copper. But the Nicobar never reached its destination: After stopping at False Bay to replenish supplies and offload sick crew, the ship left again on July 10, 1783, and ran aground in a storm that night. The wreck was rediscovered in 1987 by local fishermen, who salvaged some 3,000 copper plates, the bulk of which were sold by Ponterio & Associates in California.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana

The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

An outbound British East Indiaman with a cargo of general merchandise, the Lady Burgess found herself separated from her fleet and hit a reef in the Cape Verde Islands on April 20, 1806. In the ensuing chaos, 52 of the 180 people on board the ship perished. Inasmuch as she was not a treasure ship, the Lady Burgess was not salvaged in her own time and was therefore untouched when the salvage company Arqueonautas located her remains in 1999 and recovered a modicum of Spanish silver bust-type 8 reales and British gold guineas that had been among private specie on board the ship.

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S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina

HMS Athenienne, sunk in 1806 off Sicily

The British Naval ship Athenienne was traveling from Gibraltar to Malta when she suddenly struck the fabled “Esquerques” reef some 80 miles from Sicily (Italy) and sank on October 20, 1806. Over a hundred survivors made it to Sicily in longboats, but many more hundreds perished in the wreck. Modern salvage of the Athenienne in the 1970s produced about 4,000 Spanish colonial silver bust-type 8 reales (about 10 per cent of the total believed to be on board), of which only about 500 were more than just featureless slivers.

Sunk in a hurricane on September 12, 1857, the mail steamer Central America took with her more than 400 lives and over three tons of gold. The wreck lay undisturbed until 1986, when Tommy Thompson and his Columbus-America Discovery Group located the ship in 8500 feet of water. After 10 years of legal struggles, the salvagers were awarded about 92 percent of the treasure, with most of the rest going to insurance companies who had paid the claim when the ship sank. Widely touted as the greatest treasure ever found, the gold from the Central America has been very heavily promoted and cleverly marketed.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England

Along with her sister-ship Britannia, the English East Indiaman Admiral Gardner was outbound with an immense cargo (48 tons!) of copper coins for circulation in India when both ships sank in a storm on the Goodwin Sands on January 24, 1809. Ten lives were lost, as was all the cargo. The coins were recovered in modern times, literally a million of them packed in wax inside wooden barrels.

“Fort Capron treasure” (Gordy-Ashley gold), sunk in 1857 off Ft. Pierce, Florida

See article by John Kleeberg in our Auction #9.

S.S. Republic, sunk in 1865 in deep water off Savannah, Georgia Originally christened the Tennessee (which is how she was identified in our time), the sidewheel steamer Republic was carrying some $400,000 in specie from New York to New Orleans when she sank in a hurricane about 100 miles offshore on October 25, 1865. One of many deep targets located by the salvage company Odyssey, the site of the Republic was salvaged by submersible craft beginning in 2003. In addition to gold and silver coins of the Civil War-era United States, Odyssey found the ship’s bell with part of the name Tennessee, confirming the ship’s identity and launching a massive, ongoing promotional campaign for coins and artifacts from the wreck.

“1810 wreck,” sunk off Ft. Pierce, Florida

A hurricane in 1810 sank several ships along the east coast of Florida, particularly in the vicinity of Ft. Pierce. Several ship names have been proposed for the site in question here including a Roberts, not to be confused with a ship of similar name (without the s) sunk off Vero Beach 11 years later.

S.S. New York, sunk in 1846 off New Orleans

The S.S. New York was a side-wheel steamer on a weekly shuttle from Galveston, Texas, to New Orleans, Louisiana, when on September 7, 1846, she found herself in the midst of a hurricane and was unable to stay afloat and sank with 17 souls, the remaining 36 on board being rescued by the S.S. Galveston. According to reports, some $30,000-$40,000 worth of US gold and silver coins and banknotes were lost in the wreck, many of the US coins being early products of the southern branch mints of Charlotte (NC), Dahlonega (GA) and New Orleans (LA). At the time, however, reports of the war against Mexico over Texas statehood took precedence, and the wreck of the New York was all but forgotten. In the 1990s, however, an astute oil field worker was able to find the shipwreck based on fishermen’s reports of a known “snag” in a certain area of the Gulf of Mexico. In 2007 the wreck was salvaged in a full-scale operation that yielded thousands of gold and silver coins in excellent condition. Many of the finds were first offered at auction by Stack’s in 2008.

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain

The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remote-operated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.

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Gold Cobs Mexico City, Mexico

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1713J, encapsulated NGC MS 62, with WINGS gold sticker, from the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). S-M30; KM-

57.1; CT-106. 26.9 grams. Bold full date and mintmark-assayer, lustrous and crisp details but with weak areas in half of peripheries, trivial doubling. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $8,000$12,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, (1714J), “GRAT variety� dies (date on reverse), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-107.

26.88 grams. Superb full shield and crown and denomination VIII/IIIV (characteristic of variety), the cross choice and full too, peripheries flat, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Philip V, assayer R (1729-30), rare. S-M32; KM-57.2. 27.06 grams. XF with choice full cross and shield, full mintmark-denomination oMR and denomination VIII, well centered, nicely toned (dark spot on denomination). The assayer appears to be punched over an erased D. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (1)714J, encapsulated NGC MS 63, with WINGS gold sticker, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-M30; KM-55.2; CT-234. Very bold date, crisply detailed full crown and shield and cross, lustrous and devoid of wear, in fact tied for second-finest known in NGC census. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (17)15J, coral-encrusted as from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-55.2; CT-235. 13.44 grams.

Off-center obverse and weak in centers but with clear date and full crown and cross, technically UNC but impossible to grade as about 20% coated with attractive white coral. From the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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6. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, Philip V or Louis I, 8. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (1715)(J), from the assayer not visible (D), rare. 13.47 grams. Round, thick flan with

truncated peripheries but nearly full shield and crown, off-center cross with “daggers� in tressure-dimples per the type (also characteristic ornament above denomination), polished VF. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-351. 6.75 grams. Nearly full but slightly off-center crown and shield and cross, the latter with thick patch of coral in center, toned AU otherwise. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

7. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, 1714J, encapsulated 9. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, 1711J, encapsulated

NGC MS 65, from the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab).

Exceptional grade with high luster, super-crisp details and not even a hint of wear, choice full cross, full but slightly off-center shield, full oMJ, clear date. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-350. 6.7 grams.

NGC AU 50, from the 1715 Fleet (stated inside slab). S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-506. 3.3 grams. Full date and mintmark-assayer oXMJ and

shield, nearly full cross, very common type but rare with date full visible. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

10. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (171)2(J), mintmark oX(M),

from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-507. 3.42 grams. Crude but nearly full shield and cross and 2 of date, AU- with toning on fields. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #PC11-31266. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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11. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, 1714J, encapsulated NGC MS 62, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. Highly lustrous and devoid of wear (at least

MS 63 in our opinion), with bold full oMJ and shield and cross, clear date, smallish flan. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Lima, Peru

12. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1708H, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L25a; KM-38.1; CT-18. 26.90 grams. XF+ with NO doubling, nice full

cross, slightly off-center pillars side. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

13. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1710H, encapsulated NGC MS 61, from the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab), ex-Ullian. S-L25a; KM-38.2; CT21. 27.03 grams. Choice specimen with full second date in legend (“AN 710,” without the usual O after AN, a variety lacking in Tauler and presumably very rare), bold legend on cross side too (slightly off-center), Mint State with small spots of encrustation in crevices, the crown and waves especially nice, and with excellent pedigree (“recovered... off Johns Island north of Vero Beach, Florida in 1987”). From the 1715 Fleet, with 1990 photo-certificate from Real Eight member Lou Ullian (hand-signed) and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $15,000-up.

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14. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1711M, encapsulated NGC MS 61, from the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-22.

26.89 grams. Broad flan with much bold

legend (full king’s name, full REXAN without final O), nice full cross-lionscastles, bold but slightly doubled full pillars-and-waves, Mint State with very light sediment on fields. From the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

15. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1712M, encapsulated NGC AU 55, from the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. 26.96 grams.

Super-crisp and well-centered strike with no doubling, bottom half of every part of legend visible (including second date), Mint State with no flatness anywhere but slight surface graininess (no luster). From the “Corrigans” site of the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $9,000-$13,500.

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16. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. 27.00 grams. AU with pinkish toning, well-centered cross, slightly off-center pillars, much legend. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2012, and pedigreed to the Spink (London) auction of September 2012 (lot #278). Estimate: $7,500-$11,000.

17. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, rotated legend, from the 1715 Fleet, mounted in 18K gold pendant-bezel.

S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. 33.21 grams total. Bright lemon-yellow color with full pillars and cross (mounted pillars-side up but with cross side almost with left arm up), much legend (including second date), on the cross side starting at 6 o’clock, AU details. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $7,500-$11,000.

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18. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1715M, rare. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-27. 26.96 grams. Small, thick flan with bold central details but not much legend (pillars slightly off-center), XF with deep blood-red toning all over (visually very striking), possibly shipwreck but very doubtfully from the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

19. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1716M, from the Loosdrecht (1719). S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-28. 26.97 grams. Broad flan with much legend (well centered), Mint State details but with black encrustation on cross side, curious one-year type with rows of dots instead of horizontal lines, tops of pillars well detailed and the cross full and nice. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

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20. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1731/0N, rare. S-L29. 26.93 grams. Full cross and pillars, bold second date in legend with clear 1/0 (the main date very weak on the last digit), which must be rare because it is missing in Tauler, AXF with small edge-split. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

21. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1739V. S-L30; CT-56. 27.06 grams. Nice full cross, full pillars (very slightly doubled), two dates, XF. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

23. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1710H, from the 1715 Fleet,

mounted in 18K gold pendant-bezel with 35 diamonds. SL25a; KM-36; CT-304. 18.46 grams total. The coin lustrous and Mint State

but with slightly uneven strike, mounted pillars-side out in one of the most impressively diamond-encrusted bezels we have ever seen (even the bail at top has four diamonds), a flashy jewel indeed! From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $5,000-up.

22. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1705H, rare. S-L25a; KM-37; CT-

209. 13.40 grams. Well-centered AU with toning around details, choice

full pillars and cross, once in jewelry, possibly originally from the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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Cartagena, Colombia

24. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (163)2E, assayer in retrograde, rare. S-C7; KM-4.6; CT-135; Restrepo-M52.21b. 6.88 grams.

Broad flan with full C-E (retrograde) to right, full shield and nearly full cross, most of 2 of date (variety with + ornaments inside and outside of tressure around cross), yellow-gold XF with luster, some crude strike. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

The Santa Fe de Bogotá Cob 2 Escudos of 1627-32 By Herman Blanton Both Cartagena and Santa Fe (Bogotá) in what is now present-day Colombia had mints operating in the 17th century. Each mint produced both gold and silver coinage in addition to billon at Cartagena. Numismatists who collect these coins pay attention to individual assayers because the assayer’s mark plays a prominent part in a coin’s design. Last October I gave a presentation at Daniel Sedwick’s Treasure Auction event and one of the subjects concerned the rarity of gold cobs of assayer Pinto. In this article I will clarify some ambiguity concerning the gold coins produced under Santa Fe’s first assayer, Miguel Pinto Camargo. The impetus for this study is that two 1628-dated doubloons (two escudos) are known with assayer mark “A” for Alonso de Anuncibay even though he was not appointed assayer until 1632. I will show that this was not an event isolated to 1628 and how it affects the rarity of assayer-“P” gold. The discovery of the Mesuno1 treasure in 1936 brought to light hundreds of Santa Fe doubloons, all of which were from Philip IV and mostly assayer “A”. The numismatic study of Santa Fe coins took a very large step forward in 1953 with the release of Aportación a la Historia Monetaria de Santa Fe de Bogotá (Colombia) by F. Xavier Calicó. The author wrote extensively about gold coins but the earliest date he listed was 1633, which comes after the time frame of this present study. The most monumental work on the Santa Fe mint is Historia de la Casa de Moneda by Barriga Villalba in 1969. The next generation of numismatists continued the study of these coins with Joe Lasser and Jorge Emilio Restrepo co-authoring the first catalogs devoted to Colombian cobs (cobs are hand hammered coins): Macuquinas de Colombia in Spanish (1998) and The Cob Coinage of Colombia in English (2000). Joe Lasser has passed away but Jorge Restrepo is still actively engaged in Colombian numismatics, producing his periodical Notas Numismáticas several times a year, updating his catalog Coins of Colombia now in its 4th edition (2012) and collaborating with numismatists. Assayers “P” and “A” • Miguel Pinto Camargo, assayer “P”: 30-April-1627 (opening of the mint) until his death on 22-April-1632. • Alonso de Anuncibay, assayer “A”: 29-March-1632 until 1642, but according to Barriga (I: 40-41) Anuncibay was apprenticed to Pinto as early as 1627, which was the year the mint opened. The assayer dates overlap slightly but that is how Barriga has it (I: 56). 1 In 1936 some 1600 to 2000 gold doubloons were discovered at bend in the Magdalena River known as El Mesuno, near the town of Honda in Colombia.

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In Table 2 we see that more dates from 1627-32 are known for assayer “A” than for assayer “P”. This is unexpected because the coins should show the mark of the officially appointed assayer, who was Pinto. Since both assayers held office in 1632 it is logical that doubloons of each assayer exist for that year. Multiple dates prior to 1632 are known with assayer mark “A”, which means that assayer “A” was not limited to an event in the single year of 1628 but could have occurred any or every year. Therefore, we should not eliminate the possibility of both assayer “P” and “A” for all years 1627-32, except possibly 1627 since Barriga documented Pinto as the assayer for the first doubloons on 18-December-1627 and those may have been the only doubloons for that year. At the present time there are no known 1627 Santa Fe doubloons.

Production data of gold and silver coins at Santa Fe 1627-1637

Table 1 Barriga I: 62

Pinto was assayer from 1627 until 1632. On 29-March-1632 Alonso de Anuncibay officially replaced Pinto. This is about a quarter of the year so we can estimate the portion of 1632 production under Pinto at 525.67 marks. The total gold under Pinto would then be 1739.67 marks. At the specified weight of 68 escudos per mark (the mark is about 230 grams) there are 34 doubloons per mark. Some of the production under Pinto bears the mark “A” as will be shown in Table 2. 28


From Barriga (Table 1) it can be seen that from the start gold production was low and ramped up over the first five years (the Pinto years). When researching these coins, the paucity of assayer “P” gold coins becomes apparent, especially when it seems that assayer “A” is cited equally or more frequently than official assayer “P”. For collectors this means that 1627-32 production data in Table 1 should be divided between Pinto and Anuncibay, making Pinto doubloons about twice as rare as it seems the mint records show. Below is a table of data that I gathered from coin catalogs and selected auctions. It reveals nine distinct dated doubloons for 1627-32. Reference Calicó 2008 Cayón 2008 Restrepo 2012 ANE Calicó 2008 Cayón 1998 Restrepo 2012 Sedwick Tauler web Barriga Calicó 2008 Cayón 1998 Restrepo 2012 Restrepo 2012 Aureo 2009 Cayón 1998 Calicó 2008 Cayón 1998 Tauler web Calicó 2008 Cayón 1998 Cayón 2016 Calicó 2008 Cayón 1998 Tauler web Restrepo 2012 Sedwick

Ref number Philip IV no. 148 6222 M50-5 Gaceta Numismática 52 Philip IV no. 147 6220 M50-3 Auction 10 lot 20 131 Vol 1, pp. 54-56 Philip IV no. 149 6226 M50-7 M50-7 Caballero 117 8 April 2009 Caballero de las Yndias lot 117 6224 Philip IV no. 150 6230 134 Philip IV no. 151 6233 Auction 31 lot 152 Philip IV no. 152 6234 136 M50-9 TA 10 lot 21 (same M509) TA 16 lot 46 ex Caballero de Yndias 118 Table 2

Pinto 1628 NRP 1628 NRP 1628 NRP 1628 NRP

1629 RNP 1629 RNP 1629 RNP 1629 RNP (1629) RNP (1628-29) RNP

Citations used

29

Anuncibay Photo no no yes yes 1628 NRA no 1628 NRA no 1628 NRA yes 1628 NRA yes 1628 NRA yes yes no no yes yes yes 1629 NRA 1630 NRA 1630 NRA 1630 NRA 1631 NRA 1631 NRA 1631 NRA 1632 NRA 1632 NRA 1632 NRA 1632 NRA 1632 NRA

no no yes yes no no yes no no yes yes yes


Illustrated Dated Specimens Date 1627 1628 1628 1628 1628 1629 1630 1630 1631 1632

Mint Mark Assayer Mark No specimens known NR P NR P NR A NR A RN P NR A NR A NR A NR A

1628 NRP

2 Escudos 1628 NRP with value as Arabic 2 (horizontal) Gaceta Numismรกtica (Leopoldo Cancio) 52 Marzo 1979: 43

2 Escudos 1628 NRP with value as Arabic 2 (horizontal) Restrepo 2012 p. 84: M50-5

30


1628 NRA

2 Escudos 1628 NRA Restrepo M50-3

2 Escudos 1628 NRA Sedwick Treasure Auction 10 lot 20 and Auction 19 lot 25 (immediately following this article. Shows red stains which can be attributed as rust deposits from the iron box originally holding the Mesuno treasure. Ex. Hervera 23 March 2006 lot 452; Calico catalog 2008 number 147, Sedwick 4th edition 2007 p. 137.

31


1629 RNP

1. 2 Escudos 1629 RNP 2. Restrepo M50-7: edited reverse Barriga I: 56. Collection of the Banco de la República. 3. Color image on the Banco de la República website shows red stain which can be attributed as rust deposits from the iron box originally holding the El Mesuno treasure. http://www.banrepcultural.org/node/124446

1630 NRA

2 Escudos 1630 NRA (The possible date of 1636 is not eliminated) Tauler 134, ex. Baldwin’s auction 07 December 2000 Lot 24

2 Escudos 1630 NRA (The possible date of 1636 is not eliminated) Cayón 1998 number 6230

32


1632 NRA

Sedwick Treasure Auction 10 lot 21 (25 October 2011) Ex. Calico 2008 tipo 36 número 152; Aureo 8 April 2009 lot 118; Sedwick TA16 lot 46

Summary For the years 1627-32 I have located images of nine distinct coins. Three specimens are assayer “P”: 1628 (2) & 1629. For assayer “A” there are six specimens: 1628 (2), 1630 (2), 1631 & 1632. Even though this study is not exhaustive and more specimens may exist, it does show that these coins are rare, as three dates are known by single specimens only. Based on this small census assayer “P” is not registered after 1629. Assayer “A” is represented more than assayer “P” and this during the tenure of assayer “P”, a somewhat surprising and possibly significant observation.

Proposed revised assayer listing: Miguel Pinto Camargo 1627-32 Alonso de Anuncibay 1632-42; 1627-32 apprentice assayer

References Barriga Villalba, A.M. 1969. Historia de la Casa de Moneda. Bogotá: Banco de la Republica (de Colombia) 3 volumes. Calicó, F. Xavier. 1953. Aportación a la Historia Monetaria de Santa Fe de Bogotá (Colombia). Barcelona: Xavier and Ferrán Calicó. Cayón, Adolfo, Clemente Cayón and Juan Cayón. 1998. Las Monedas Españolas, Del tremis al euro, Del 411 a nuestros días. Madrid: Private printing Lasser, Joseph R. and Dr. Jorge Emilio Restrepo. 2000. The Cob Coinage of Colombia. Second edition, English language. New York: Pertinax Press. Restrepo, Jorge Emilio. 2012. Coins of Colombia (Spanish Colonial and Republican) 1619 to 2012. Fourth edition. Medellín, self-published. Sedwick, Daniel and Frank Sedwick. 2007. The Practical Book of Cobs. 20th Anniversary Edition (Fourth Edition). Winter Park, FL, self-published. Tauler Fesser, Rafael. Escudos Macuquinos Imperio Español website. http://www.onzasmacuquinas.com 33


Bogotá, Colombia

25. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)28A, very rare, from

the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), Plate Coin in The Practical Book of Cobs (4th ed.), ex-Santa Fe Collection. S-B17; KM-unl. (cf. 4.1); CT-147;

Restrepo-M50.3. 6.67 grams. Tiny cross with full tressure (off-center), outside of which is a bold full 28 of the date, good full shield with full NRA to left above king’s ordinal IIII in legend, AU-, deeply red-toned per the origin. From the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection (our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #20) and to the Thomas Gray collection, and Plate Coin in The Practical Book of Cobs, 4th edition (2007). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

26. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer A below mintmark NR to left (ca. 1635), from the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636). S-B20; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.13. 6.73 grams. AU- with full cross-and-tressure (dark encrustation in crevices) and full shield, bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend, full NRA. From the “Mesuno Hoard” (ca. 1636). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

27. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer A

below mintmark NR to left (ca. 1635), from the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636). S-B20; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.13. 6.79 grams. Nice AU with full cross and shield (the latter with flat spot at bottom), sharply cut edges. From the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636), with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2012. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

28. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible (A to left), very rare variety with dots outside arms of cross (1639 only?). S-B20; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.16. 6.77 grams. Full shield and cross despite

flat spots, distinctive variety that resembles Cartagena issues and Restrepo calls “1639?” and “one known” (but with picture of another specimen), very lightly toned AU-. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

34


29. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R below denomination II to left (1640s), ex-Lasser collection.

Broad flan with choice full shield, full cross-and-tressure with one arm weak, king’s ordinal IIII in legend and bold R’s to either side of shield, lustrous AU with toning around details. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

S-B21; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.23. 6.64 grams.

31. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 165(?)R, assayer below

denomination II to right, from the Maravillas (1656). S-B21;

KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.25. 6.76 grams. Lustrous Mint State with light red toning, full shield and cross, full denomination-assayer II-R, bottoms of 165 of date. From the Maravillas (1656). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

32. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R to left (early 1650s), from the Maravillas (1656). S-B21; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.23. 6.76 grams. Choice full cross, well-detailed but slightly

30. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not off-center full shield, king’s ordinal IIII in legend, AU with toning

visible (ca. 1650). KM-4.1. 6.73 grams. Full but crudely uneven shield and cross, odd-shaped flan, XF+ with toning in crevices. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

in crevices. From the Maravillas (1656). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

33. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R to right (early 1650s), mintmark NR to left, from the Maravillas (1656). S-B21; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.25. 6.76 grams. Very

broad flan with very choice full shield and cross, full mintmark and assayer, Mint State. From the Maravillas (1656), with Fisher photocertificate #PC5-2848. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

35


34. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible (early 1650s), mintmark NR to right, from the Maravillas (1656). KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.23. 6.73 grams. Good full

cross with one arm doubled, full shield with interesting 90-degree double-strike, AU-. From the Maravillas (1656), with original Marex certificate, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

36. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R

to right (1650s), from the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659), very rare provenance. S-B21; KM-4.1; RestrepoM50.25. 6.72 grams. Full

and well-detailed crown and shield and cross, clear II-R to right, darkly stained AU, broad and slightly odd-shaped flan. From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659), with original certificate from the salvagers signed by Eduardo Dargent-Chamot, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #33. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

35. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible (R to right, early 1650s), from the Maravillas (1656).

Bold but slightly off-center cross, nearly full shield and crown, XF with old scratches on shield. From the Maravillas (1656). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

S-B21; KM-4.1; Restrepo-M50.25. 6.72 grams.

37. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1662/1R, denomina-

tion “Z,” rare. S-B21; Restrepo-M50.25. 6.76 grams. Red-toned AU- with nice full shield and cross, bold 2 of date and denomination-assayer Z-R to right of shield (note the Santa Fe Collection specimen, lot 26 in our Auction 10, had denomination II instead). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

38. Bogotá, Colombia, cob

2 escudos, Charles II, assayer R below denomination II to right (1670s). S-B21a; KM-14.1;

Restrepo-M66.4. 6.78 grams. Good full cross, most of crown and shield (bottom flat), bold assayer, AU. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

36


41. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)720, no assayer

(Arce), rare, ex-Lasser. S-B24a; KM-17.2; CT-378. 6.76 grams. Good full shield, full cross-and-tressure with distinctive dotted circles in dimples (1715-21), clear 20 of date, light-yellow XF. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection (Ponterio auction of January 2005, lot #862). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

39. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1713, no assayer (Arce), from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-16. 6.68 grams.

Broad-flan Mint State with choice full central details, clear date. From the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

42. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer not

visible (1730s), castles and lions in proper quadrants (rare thus). KM-17.2; Restrepo-M80.12. 6.77 grams. Small, thick flan with bold full cross, oversized shield, toned XF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

40. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1719, no assayer

(Arce), rare. S-B24a; KM-17.2; CT-377. 6.74 grams. Very crude VF (much

flatness) with dark encrustation in many places, clear date, distinctive type with dotted circles in dimples of cross, (P)HIL- of king’s name bold to right and full G (of D.G.) to left. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

43. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer not visible (1730s). KM-17.2; Restrepo-M80.12. 6.69 grams. Broad flan with

bold full cross (small), nearly full shield, bold XF+ with toning in crevices. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

37


44. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1754S, mintmark FS to right. S-B27a; KM-25; CT-181; Restrepo-M94.9. 6.64 grams. Nearly round

flan with full cross-and-tressure, nearly full shield with bold FS to right and crown above, clear bottoms of digits of date, AXF with red toning on fields. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

46. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, posthumous Charles II, no assayer (Arce), from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-13; Restrepo-

Choice bold cross (full), nice but incomplete shield, Mint State with sharp edges. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

M64.16. 3.33 grams.

47. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, (1)735, assayer not visible (M), mintmark F to left. S-B26; CT-537; Restrepo-M78.12. 3.39 grams. Tiny flan with even tinier cross and very bold date (very

rare thus), off-center shield with F to left, AXF with black sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

45. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 175(?)(S), mintmark FS to right. S-B27a; KM-25; Restrepo-M94.6. 6.77 grams. Crisply detailed Mint State with full but curiously 90-degree double-struck shield and cross. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Granada, Spain 48. Granada, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip II, assayer oAo

to right, mintmark oGo to left. CT-103. 3.32 grams. Beautifully detailed AU with full shield and cross but with one large (old) scratch on each side, contrasting toning in crevices, scarce type. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

38


Segovia, Spain 49. Segovia, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer oD to right, mintmark aqueduct to left and on reverse.

CT-48. 3.25 grams. Broad, thin flan

with full and well-detailed but double-struck shield and cross, much legend, XF+, scarce type. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Seville, Spain

Charles-Joanna

54. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic

D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.24 grams. AU+ with good luster, nice full shield and cross, small chip in edge. Estimate: $500$750.

50. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.37 grams. AU- with full central details and nearly full legends. Estimate: $600-$900.

55. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.30 grams. XF+ with minor flat spots, otherwise good full shield and cross, full crown. Estimate: $500-$750.

51. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic

D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.22 grams. Good full shield and cross and nearly full legends, AU-, thin flan. Estimate: $600-$900.

56. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic

52. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic

D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.38 grams. VF with good

D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.28 grams. Lustrous AU with

full cross and shield, crude edge as formerly mounted. Estimate: $400-$600.

good full shield and cross, hairline edge-split and small void in flan, much legend and nice full crown. Estimate: $600-$900.

53. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic D to left, mintmark S to right. CT-55. 3.31 grams. XF with nice

central details, toning in crevices. Estimate: $600-$900.

39

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


57. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to

59. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to

right, mintmark S to left. CT-57. 3.41 grams. Nice full shield and

right, mintmark S to left. CT-57. 3.36 grams. Good full shield and

cross enhanced by contrasting sediment, bold mintmark, much legend, XF+. Estimate: $600-$900.

cross, nearly full crown and legends, lightly red-toned XF+. Estimate: $500-$750.

60. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer not vis-

58. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to left, mintmark S to right.

ible, mintmark S to right. 3.23 grams. AXF with truncated edges, full shield and cross, nice red toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

Bold full legends and crown, full but weaker inner details, XF with light red toning. Estimate: $500-$750. CT-58. 3.31 grams.

Philip II

61. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer B below

mintmark S and denomination oIIII to left, encapsulated PCGS XF40. Choice full shield and cross with bold S-oIIII-B

and contrasting toning, but peripheries crude (as made). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

63. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer not visible. 13.48 grams. AU- with hint of luster and toning, choice full shield, good full cross, some flatness in peripheries. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

62. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left. 13.18 grams. Choice full shield and cross

and most of crown, bold S-Gothic D and denomination oIIII, with contrasting sediment and toning, but lightly polished and trimmed around the edge, AXF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

64. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer not visible, extremely rare error with cross side struck from a 2R die (silver), with two tiny hallmarks (punches) on that side. 6.61 grams. Crude (weakly struck) but interesting coin with silver design on reverse punctuated by two small, circular marks, the obverse with nearly full but off-center and partially flat shield, AVF with very light shaving around edge too (possibly regulated for colonial use?). Estimate: $1,000-up.

40


65. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer B below

mintmark S to left. CT-63. 5.68 grams. Thin flan with light shaving around edge but decent shield and cross and some bold legend (including king’s name), bold denomination II, VF with toning around devices. Estimate: $600-$900.

69. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip II, 1590 date to right, assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left. CT-115. 3.37 grams. AU with choice full shield and clear mintmark and (vertical) date, full but slightly off-center cross. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

66. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D with open right side (scarce) below mintmark S to left. CT-unl.

6.73 grams. AXF with decent full shield and cross, bold S-Gothic D (C-shaped) and denomination II, toned fields, flat spots in peripheries. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

67. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D 70. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, 1595 date to right, assayer

below mintmark S to left. CT-Type 46. 6.76 grams. AU with choice

not visible. 2.75 grams. Nicely toned AXF with good full cross and shield, bold (vertical) date, parts of edge clipped. Estimate: $700$1,000.

full shield, full mintmark-assayer, full but weaker cross. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

71. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to right, mintmark S to right. CT-110. 3.29 grams. Broad, thin flan with full crown, full but weaker shield and cross, VF+ with light red toning, full king’s name in legend. Estimate: $500-$750.

68. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, 1589/8 date to right, assayer not visible, rare. CT-unl. 2.95 grams. Nearly full cross and crown and

shield with most of (vertical) date, VF+ with toning in crevices, lightly shaved edges. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

41

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Philip II or III

72. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos,

Philip II or III, assayer B. 11.18 grams.

Nice full cross, full and well-detailed crown, sandwashed (salvaged) XF with lightly clipped edges. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

73. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip

74. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip

enhanced by contrasting toning, bold S-B, traces of OMNIVM, XF with small edgesplit. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Full shield and cross, bold S-B, VF with toning around devices. Estimate: $500-$750.

II or III, assayer B, OMNIVM in legend. 6.73 grams. Choice full shield and cross

II or III, assayer B below mintmark S to left, (OMNIV)M in legend. 3.34 grams.

Philip III

75. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1611B.

CT-35. 6.65 grams.

Clear date above crude cross with flat spots and light scratches, bold full shield with full crown above and bold S-B to left, XF overall. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

76. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1615D. CT-39. 6.58 grams. Bold date, broad flan with bold full S-D, full but partially weak shield and crown and cross, toned XF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

77. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer B to left, unique error with letter M instead of denomination to right.

CT-unl. 6.71 grams. Very strange coin with non-peninsular shield (no Portuguese inescutcheon and lacking pomegranate in center) flanked by B to left and M to right, Seville-style cross-and-tressure (full) on reverse, crisply detailed AU-. Estimate: $750-up.

42


78. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer V. CT- 79. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer V. CT-

Type 21. 6.69 grams. Bold 161 (only) of date, nice full shield, full but weaker cross, XF with parts of edge crude (including edge-split), as made. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Good full shield and cross, XF+ with contrasting sediment around details. Estimate: $600-$900.

Type 21. 6.73 grams.

80. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible, mounted cross-side out in heavy, .925-silver men’s ring (size 11) with 14K gold emblems on sides.

25.31 grams total. Full cross and nearly full tressure with weak

spots facing out (XF), shield side completely covered inside, the mounting itself very solid and with gold emblems of crossed swords and pirate face on the sides. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

84. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.73 grams. Toned XF with full cross, nearly full shield, no peripheral details. Estimate: $500-$750.

81. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible, mounted cross-side out in 14K gold money clip. 34.27 grams. Full cross facing out (grainy XF), the clip itself with textured

front. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

widespread flatness in peripheries, AXF overall. Estimate: $500-$750.

82. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.73 grams. Good full cross and nearly full shield but peripheries flat, AXF with contrasting sediment. Estimate: $600-$900.

86. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.64 grams. Crude shape, with full shield and full but off-center cross, natural flan-crack, full 7 of date visible (hence either 1607 or 1617), XF+. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

83. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.71 grams. Nearly full cross and shield with contrasting toning, flat peripheries, VF+. Estimate: $500-$750.

85. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.73 grams. Most of shield and cross, both well centered but with

87. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.72 grams. VF with full shield and cross. Estimate: $500-$750.

43


88. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.77 grams. Good full cross, off-center shield with bold denomination II and king’s name in legend, VF+ with contrasting toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

92. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible. 3.38 grams. VF with crude but full shield and cross, clear 161 of date. Estimate: $600-$900.

89. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 6.72 grams. VF with full shield and cross, some peripheral flatness. Estimate: $500-$750.

93. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible. 3.40 grams. AU with very choice full shield and cross-and-tressure, some legend. Estimate: $600-$900.

90. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not

visible. 6.73 grams. AVF with full shield and cross, peripherally flat. Estimate: $500-$750.

94. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not vis-

ible. 3.39 grams. XF with good full cross and shield (weak on left side), clear denomination I and king’s name, toning in crevices. Estimate: $500-$750.

91. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer D below

mintmark S to left. CT-67. 3.35 grams. Bold full shield and cross, full S-D, nearly full crown, XF+. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Philip IV

95. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer D. CT-

Good full shield and cross, bold denomination II with dots above and below, most of king’s name and ordinal IIII, XF. Estimate: $500-$750.

Type 39. 6.75 grams.

44

96. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, (1)623D, rare. CT-205. 3.12 grams. Choice full shield and cross, bold S-D and date, deeply toned XF+. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.


Charles II

97. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Charles II, assayer M, mounted in fancy 18K gold pendant-bezel. CT-Type 14. 37.28

grams total. Off-center shield with bold assayer M to left, nearly full cross, typically crude and no better than XF, mounted cross-side up in a non-standard bezel with twisted wire and three eyelet-style prongs. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

98. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Charles II, assayer M to right, rare. CT-Type 57. 3.35 grams. Fascinating coin with choice full

cross, off-center abbreviated shield (just lions and castles) with bold assayer M to right inside part of king’s name in legend, bold XF+ with contrasting sediment all over. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Toledo, Spain

99. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer

M below mintmark oT to left, denomination II with dots above. CT-88. 6.69 grams. Broad, round, thin flan with

nicely detailed full shield and cross, some legend, full mintmark-assayer, lightly toned XF+. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

100. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer C be-

low mintmark oT to left. CT-Type 23. 4.70 grams. Full but slightly off-center shield and cross, lustrous XF but with edge lightly shaved all around. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325 45


World Gold Coins Albania

105. Sydney, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1876-S.

KM-7. 7.96 grams.

$300-$450.

XF-/AU- with nice luster. Estimate:

101. Albania (struck in Rome), prova 100 franga ari, Zog I, 1927-R, two stars below head. KM-Pr31. 32.24 grams. Mint State with bagmarks, muted luster. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Argentina 106. Melbourne, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1878-M. KM-7. 7.96 grams. XF/AU with bagmarks, muted luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

102. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (struck in Buenos Aires),

1 gramo, 1889, Popper, encapsulated NGC MS 64, with WINGS gold sticker. Janson-7; KM-TN5. Lustrous and very lightly toned, exceptional grade (in fact tied for second finest known in NGC census). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Australia

103. Sydney, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head),

107. Melbourne, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1880-M. KM-7. 7.91 grams. Lightly polished XF+. Estimate: $300-$450.

108. Melbourne, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (jubilee bust), 1889-M. KM-10. 8.00 grams. Lustrous and richly toned Mint State.

1863. KM-4. 7.95 grams. XF/AU with tiny marks, lustrous, better early type and date. Estimate: $500-$750.

Estimate: $300-$450.

104. Sydney, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (young head),

109. Melbourne, Australia, sovereign, Victoria (jubilee bust), 1892-M. KM-10. 8.00 grams. Lustrous and richly toned Mint State.

1866.

Heavily bagmarked XF/AU, lustrous, early type with full mint name. Estimate: $400-$600. KM-4. 8.00 grams.

Estimate: $300-$450.

46


112. Sydney, Australia, proof sovereign,

Elizabeth II, 2005, 150th Anniversary of the Sovereign, encapsulated NGC PF70 110. Melbourne, Australia, sovereign, 111. Sydney, Australia, sovereign, Ultra Cameo, one of first 100 struck George V, 1915-M. KM-29. 7.96 grams. George V, 1915-S. KM-29. 8.00 grams. Choice (stated inside the slab), with WINGS Choice Mint State (minimal marks), nicely Mint State (minimal marks), nicely toned, silver sticker. KM-868. Flawless, frosty mirror toned, muted luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

muted luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

Proof, a perfect specimen, albeit quite modern. Estimate: $400-$600.

Austria

113. Austria, 2 ducats, Josef II, 1786-A. KM-1876. 6.97 grams. UNC with luster and bands of red toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

Bolivia (colonial)

116. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1800PP, encapsulated NGC AU 55. CT-107; KM-81. Lustrous and lightly red-toned, typically weak in centers. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

114. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1780PR. 117. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806PJ, CT-146; KM-59. 26.85 grams.

timate: $1,250-$2,000.

Lightly red-toned XF+, no problems. Es-

encapsulated NGC AU 55 with WINGS silver sticker. CT-113;

KM-81. Decent

strike, muted luster. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Bolivia (Republic)

115. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790/89PR. CT-93; KM-68. 26.91

118. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 scudos, 1845R. KM-108.2. 26.96 grams.

grams. Nice XF/AU with luster and toning in legends, minor rim-flaw

Bold XF with weakness and crisscrossed adjustment marks in centers, evidence of old polishing, popular type. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

on obverse. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

47


Brazil (colonial)

119. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 scudo, 1832JL, rare as non-overdate.

KM-98. 3.29 grams. Choice bold details, AU with light surface hairlines, hints of toning, popular issue, underrated in KM as most specimens are 1832/1. Estimate: $600-$900.

122. Brazil, set of 3 gold coins of the 1749 issue struck in Lisbon for the State of Maranhão: 4000, 2000 and 1000 reis.

KM-164, 163 and 161. 14.14 grams total. All lustrous and problem-free AU,

the 1000 reis also red-toned, a nicely matched set of a one-year type and first year of a new weight standard, popular and attractive design. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

120. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 scudo, 1868FE, encapsulated NGC 123. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Maria I, 1802. KM-225.2. MS 63. KM-141. Scarce one-year type in choice quality with highly

lustrous fields, second highest grade in NGC census. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

121. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/2 scudo, 1844R.

8.10 grams. Mint State with muted luster, nice red toning. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

KM-104. 1.67 grams.

Boldly detailed XF with toning around details, holed at top. Estimate: $90-$135.

124. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, João Prince Regent, 1812.

KM-235.2. 8.03 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State, no problems, light color. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Brazil (Empire)

125. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1853, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest known

in NGC census (by two grades), with WINGS gold sticker, ex-New England Collection (stated inside slab). Russo-673; KM-468. Flashy luster and perfect strike, the best of

38 coins currently in the NGC census. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

48


126. Brazil, 10000 reis, Pedro II, 1855, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest known in NGC census (by three grades), with WINGS gold sticker, ex-New England Collection (stated inside slab). Russo-645; KM-467. Bright and flashy luster, perfect strike,

well deserving of its lofty status in the census. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

129. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, encapsulated NGC MS 61, from the Luz (1752). CT-72; KM-3. Flashy with luster but slightly weak in centers (as usual), minor marks in fields, popular Mint State shipwreck gold. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

127. Brazil, 5000 reis, Pedro II, 1856, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census, with WINGS gold sticker.

Very scarce denomination (which ran for only six years, 1854-59) and type in this condition, much scarcer than the 10000 and 20000 reis from the same series, this specimen with hints of red toning over bright original luster, minimal bagmarks. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Russo-639; KM-470.

Chile (colonial)

130. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles III (young

bust), 1769A, rare. CT-215; KM-25. 26.85 grams. Crude obverse (VF with minor laminations and scratches in field behind head) but nice reverse (bold XF+ with luster in legends, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

128. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, encrusted as from the Luz (1752). CT-72; KM-3. 27.18 grams.

Lustrous Mint State details, better struck than most but with patches of dark encrustation all over and with two small pecks in field behind the neck (filled with debris), intriguing as a rare example of encrusted shipwreck gold. From the Luz (1752), and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #103. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

131. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1796DA, encapsulated NGC AU 58. CT-155;

Choice luster and ample toning, very attractive. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

KM-54.

132. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1802JJ, encapsulated NGC AU 53 with WINGS silver sticker. CT-163; KM-27. Good luster for the grade, traces of

laminations on reverse. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

49


137. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1785JJ,

133. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1813/2FJ. CT-119; KM-78. 27.01 grams. Lustrous AU

with very faint graffiti in field in front of face. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #125. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

encapsulated NGC AU 53. Restrepo-72.30; CT-195; KM-50.1a. Highly

lustrous but rather bagmarked, nice strike. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Chile (Republic)

134. Santiago, Chile, 10 pesos, 1895.

KM-154. 3.05 grams.

Lustrous Mint State with light scratches at 9 o’clock on the reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

138. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1792JJ,

Colombia (colonial)

no dot between assayers. Restrepo-97.6a; CT-121; KM-62.1. 26.87 grams.

Bagmarked XF with luster, minor rim-bumps, even yellow color. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #137. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

135. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III (bust of Ferdinand VI), 1770J, encapsulated NGC XF 45. Restrepo-70.20;

CT-121; KM-38.2. Nice strike and much more luster than the slab grade would indicate (in fact probably AU-53 by today’s standards). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

139. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1798JJ,

contemporary counterfeit made in gilt platinum. 26.99 grams.

Bold XF with light toning, tiny voids here and there, the details clearly incorrect but very close. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

136. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1783JJ, encapsulated NGC MS 62. Restrepo-72.26; CT-192; KM-50.1. Choice strike and no wear or marks, just a little less lustrous than others at this grade (second highest on record in NGC census). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

140. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

(bust of Charles IV), 1820FM, mintmark P, • before HISP, encapsulated NGC AU 55 with WINGS silver sticker. Restrepo128.35a; CT-83; KM-66.2.

$1,250-$2,000.

50

Lots of luster and toning at rims. Estimate:


Colombia (Republic)

141. Popayán, Colombia, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1759J, mintmark P•N, encapsulated NGC XF 45. Restrepo-22.4; CT-117; KM-31.2. Muted luster due to slightly grainy surfaces but tech-

nically more like AU in our opinion, parts of reverse rim crude (as made). Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

145. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1829RS, encapsulated

NGC AU 55. Sedwick-6; Restrepo-165.17; KM-82.1. Muted luster due to matte surfaces, no problems. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #154. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

146. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1825FM.

142. Popayán, Colombia, bust 4 escudos, Charles III,

Sedwick-3; Re-

Toned XF+ with one old scratch on each side (adjustment marks?). Estimate: $300-$450. strepo-162.6; KM-81.2. 3.43 grams.

1783SF, encapsulated NGC AU 50, finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-68.16; CT-360; KM-44. Weak centers (with adjustment

marks on reverse but choice luster for slab grade, light red color. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

143. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1772JS. Restrepo-62.1; CT-502; KM-49.2. 6.76 grams. Bold and lustrous

147. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1838RU. Sedwick-19; Restrepo-212.3; KM-94.2. 27.04 grams. AU with nice toning and luster, natural

Mint State with slightly grainy surfaces (as made. Estimate: $500$750.

flaw at 9 o’clock on reverse. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #156. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Costa Rica

144. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1776SF. Restrepo-62.10; CT-506; KM-49.2. 6.15 grams. F/VF with evidence

148. Costa Rica, 1 escudo, 1851JB. KM-98. 3.13 grams. VF/XF

of mount removal at top, popular date with US collectors. Estimate: $350-$500.

with contrasting black sediment around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

Crusader States

149. Crusader States, Kingdom of Jerusalem, AV bezant (dinar), 11th-12th century

AD, Acre mint (?), imitating Ayyubid caliph al-Amir, Misr third phase, struck 11871260. Metcalfe-LE 136 variant with pellets on reverse. 3.89 grams. AU with hints of red toning. The term

“bezant” was the medieval merchant’s moniker for an Arab dinar that weighed the same as a Byzantine solidus. Estimate: $400-$600.

51


France 150. Crusader States, Tripoli, AV dinar, al-Mustansir, 1036-

1094 AD. A-720B. 3.35 grams. AXF, slightly uneven strike. Estimate:

$400-$600.

Czech Republic

156. France, ecu d’or, Charles VI, 1380-1422. Fr-291. 3.88 grams. AU with full legends, hint of luster and toning. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

151. Czechoslovakia, 1 dukat, 1924, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-8. Nice luster and color, attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

Denmark

157. France (Nantes mint), double Louis d’or, Louis XVI,

1786-T, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-592.14. Brilliant and prooflike luster (should be higher grade), minor adjustment marks. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

152. Denmark, 10 kroner, Christian IX, 1900-VBP, encap-

sulated NGC MS 65. KM-790.2. Choice strike and luster, very minor bagmarks. Estimate: $300-$450.

158. France (Paris mint), 20 francs, 1808-A, encapsulated

NGC MS 62. KM-687.1. Good luster, light yellow color, minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $600-$900.

153. Denmark, 10 kroner, Frederik VIII, 1908-VBP, encap-

sulated NGC MS 65. KM-809. Superb strike and luster, no marks at all (more like MS 66 or even 67 in our opinion). Estimate: $300-$450.

159. France (Paris mint), 20 francs, 1851-A, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-762. Choice smooth fields and lustrous, with light

red toning all over, minor bagmarks on highest points only. Estimate:

154. Denmark, 10 kroner, Frederik VIII, 1909-VBP, encap- $700-$1,000. sulated NGC MS 65 with WINGS gold sticker. KM-809. Nice red color, minimal bagmarks, good luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

German States / Prussia

Ecuador

160. Prussia (German States), 10 mark, Wilhelm, 1873-A, encapsulated NGC MS 65 with WINGS gold sticker. KM155. Quito, Ecuador, 4 escudos, 1837FP. KM-19. 13.45 grams. VF

502. Nice luster and color, traces of bagmarks on highest points only. Estimate: $300-$450.

with minor rim-bumps, good strike, popular. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

52


161. Prussia (German States), 20 mark, Wilhelm II, 1912-A, encapsulated NGC MS 63.

KM-521. Nice

color and luster, minor bagmarks. Estimate: $300-$450.

Great Britain

164. Great Britain (London, England), sovereign, Victoria 162. London, England, noble, Edward III, 4th coinage (young head), 1870, die #119, WW in relief, from the Douro (1351-77), from an unidentified early-1400s wreck off Isle of Wight, south of England. 6.21 grams. AU details (and nice color)

(1882), encapsulated PCGS AU58. Spink-3853B; KM-736.2. Good

luster, no problems but bagmarks as usual, more like Mint State to our eyes but more valued for its provenance anyway. From the Douro (1882) and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13 (lot #205), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

but grainy surfaces as from salvage, typically clipped down from 120 to 96 grains, interesting provenance. From an unidentified early-1400s wreck off Isle of Wight, south of England, with Sedwick photo-certificate, Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #200. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Greece 163. London, England, guinea, George III, 1775, from the Halsewell (1786), rare provenance. Sp-3728; KM-604. 8.27 grams.

AU- with minor graininess from salvage. From the Halsewell (1786), with original certificate from the salvager, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #149. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

165. Greece, 20 drachmai, 1884. KM-56. 6.44 grams. Matte AU,

no problems. Estimate: $300-$450.

53


Guatemala (colonial)

166. Guatemala, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1794M, rare, encapsulated NGC XF 40, with WINGS gold sticker. CT-3; KM-58. Hint of luster and toning around details, minor rim-bump on obverse. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

167. Guatemala, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1785M, rare. CT-414; 168. Guatemala, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1783P, rare.

KM-38. 6.61 grams. Decent

VF+, once mounted in jewelry but no obvious CT-587; KM-37. 3.42 grams. Matte AU, choice strike and no problems, damage except for a small pockmark at top of shield, rare two-year type. parts of rims slightly crude (as made), one of only 1406 struck for Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. this date within a rare three-year type. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

54


Hungary

173. Hungary, ducat, Ferdinand I, 1555-KB, Madonna re-

verse. Fr-28. 3.55 grams. Bold legends and central details except for one small weak spot near centers, AU-. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

169. Guatemala, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1817M, encapsulated NGC AU 58. CT-278; KM-74. Deep red toning all over,

choice strike, looks fully Mint State in our opinion, scarce one-year type. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

174. Hungary, ducat, Ferdinand V, 1841. KM-425. 3.48 grams.

Guatemala (Republic)

AU with muted luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

India

170. Guatemala, 10 pesos, 1869R, Carrera, encapsulated NGC MS 61.

KM-193. Brightly lustrous but bagmarked, one-year type. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

175. Goa, India, 12 xerafims, 1795, encapsulated NGC MS 171. Guatemala, 5 pesos, 1874P, encapsulated NGC MS 64. 62. Gomes-41.08; KM-187; Fr-1487. Lustrous but typically crude (bold), KM-198. Choice

luster and strike, in fact tied for second finest known in NGC census. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

with natural internal crack on reverse, still very choice for this type, with high catalog value ($5600 In VF in KM). Estimate: $3,000-up.

Honduras

176. Mysore, India, pagoda, Tipu Sultan

(AH 1215-1227 / 1787-1799 AD, struck 1782-99 AD), encapsulated NGC AU 55.

KM-211. Lustrous and bold, light yellow color. Estimate: $250-$375.

172. Honduras, 1 peso, 1902, encapsulated NGC UNC details / surface hairlines. KM-56. Lustrous but typically crude, the reverse much better than the obverse. Estimate: $500-$750.

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016

177. Jaipur, India, 1 mohur, year 43 (1878), encapsulated

NGC MS 61. KM-125. Bold strike, slightly off-center obverse, hint of toning around details. Estimate: $600-$900.

55


178. Karachi, India, 1/2 tola, no date (ca. 1920s), Ahmad & Company, encapsulated NGC MS 67. Fr-1613. 5.8 grams. Brightly

lustrous and choice, private issue in 0.995 gold. Estimate: $350-$500.

Italian States

183. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1818/7JJ, encapsulated NGC XF 45. CT-58; KM-161. Weak in centers as usual but with nice luster on reverse. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

179. Sardinia, Italian States, 1/2 doppia, Vittorio Amadeo

III, 1789. KM-85. 4.43 grams. AXF with light red toning, parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

184. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 escudos, Philip V, 1733F,

from the 1733 Fleet, very rare. CT-238; KM-135. 13.32 grams. Crusty

180. Venice, Italian States, zecchino, Marcantonio Giustinian

and grainy from undersea damage, also with small chip in edge, but all important details visible and very important as one of very few milled gold coins from the 1733 Fleet. From the 1733 Fleet. Estimate: $600-$900.

(1684-88), encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-385. Choice bold strike

and beautiful luster, reverse slightly off-center, tied for second-finest known in NGC census. Estimate: $500-$750.

Japan 185. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1787FM, initials facing inward.

CT-491; KM-130.2a. 6.69 grams.

Problem-free XF with toning around details. Estimate: $350-$500.

181. Japan, 10 yen, M41 (1908), encapsulated NGC MS 65.

KM-Y33. Muted luster, nice red color, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $600-$900.

Mexico (colonial)

186. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Philip V, 1732F, from the 1733 Fleet, very rare. CT-unl.; KM-113. 3.31 grams. Crusty

and grainy from undersea damage, also with small chip in edge, but all important details visible and very important as one of very few milled gold coins from the 1733 Fleet, also this date and assayer interestingly footnoted in CT as “existence in doubt.� From the 1733 Fleet. Estimate: $200-$300.

182. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Philip V, 1736MF, encapsulated NGC AU 55. CT-128; KM-148. Muted luster and minor marks only, slightly uneven fields (as made). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

187. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1755MM. CT-220; KM-115.2. 3.32 grams. XF with weak bust, light toning and hint of luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

56


188. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1775FM, initials facing inward.

CT-653; KM-118.2. 3.33 grams.

192. Mexico City, Mexico, 10 pesos, 1897M. KM-413.7. 16.90

Nicely red-toned XF, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

grams. Highly lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines, very rare grade. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Mexico (Empire of Iturbide)

Mexico (United States of Mexico)

189. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 escudos, 1823JM, Iturbide. KM312 (as 4 “scudos”). 13.48 grams. Lightly polished XF with weak center on

reverse, nice contrast in legends, lightly toned. The assayer J on this coin appears to be an I punch by mistake. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Mexico (Empire of Maximilian)

193. Mexico City, Mexico, 50 pesos, 1931, encapsulated PCGS MS65 with WINGS silver sticker. KM-481. A choice ex-

ample of this low-mintage date (lowest of the series) with nice luster and light toning all over, very scarce in such high grade. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

190. Mexico City, Mexico, 20 pesos, Maximilian, 1866, encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-389. Nice color (orange-red), hint

194. Mexico City, Mexico, 20 pesos, 1920/10, encapsulated

Mexico (Republic)

Netherlands (United)

191. Guadalajara, Mexico, 1 escudo, 1859/7JG. KM-379.2. 3.38 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned AU with crudeness around rims (as

195. Utrecht, Netherlands, ducat, 1711, from DeLiefde

PCGS MS64.

KM-478. Nice luster and orange color, turning red at N of VEINTE, choice grade for this scarce overdate. Estimate: $600-$900.

of luster on reverse, just honest (even) minor wear on high points. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

made). Estimate: $500-$750.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com

(1711). KM-7.4. 3.47 grams. Choice Mint State with lustrous fields and full knight’s head, light toning here and there. From DeLiefde (1711) and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #428 (formerly part of a set). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

57


Netherlands (Kingdom) 196. Utrecht, Netherlands, ducat, 1724, from the Akerendam (1725). KM-7.4. 3.51 grams. Bold Mint State with muted luster and tiny red spots. From the Akerendam (1725) and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

201. Netherlands (Kingdom), 10 gulden, Willem III, 1876.

KM-106. 6.72 grams. Prooflike Mint State with strong striking lines and underlying luster, probably MS 65 in our opinion. With original Oak Tree Numismatics tag (New Jersey). Estimate: $300-$450.

197. Utrecht, Netherlands, ducat, 1724, from the Akerendam

(1725). KM-7.4. 3.54 grams. Lustrous Mint State, mostly bold but weak

to left of date and on knight’s head (as usual). From the Akerendam (1725) and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $600-$900.

202. Netherlands (Kingdom), 10 gulden, Wilhelmina, 1917, encapsulated PCGS MS67 with WINGS silver sticker. KM-149. Elegantly red-toned and nearly flawless, brilliantly lustrous and choice. Estimate: $500-$750.

Peru (colonial)

198. Holland, Netherlands, ducat, 1729, encapsulated NGC MS 64, from the Vliegenthart (1735). KM-12.2. Lustrous and

with spots of red toning, choice strike as usual for this mint. From the Vliegenthart (1735). Estimate: $900-$1,350.

203. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1753J, encapsulated NGC AU 55. CT-20; KM-50. Very attractive specimen 199. Holland, Netherlands, ducat, 1732. KM-12.2. 3.36 grams.

for the grade, with lovely red toning and underlying luster in legends, full details, barely noticeable adjustment marks in hair. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

200. Netherlands (Batavian Republic), 2 ducat, 1805, encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for finest known in NGC census.

204. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1789IJ, en-

Bold XF with red toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

Highly lustrous, satiny surfaces with strong striking lines, almost prooflike, tops among only three graded at NGC. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

KM-12.2.

capsulated NGC AU 53. CT-49; KM-82.1a. Lustrous (highly so on reverse) and actually Mint State but netted lower due to minor marks in obverse fields and scratches on bust, scarcer non-transitional type for date. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

58


Peru (Republic)

211. Lima, Peru, 2 escudos, 1855MB. KM-149.2. 4.00 grams. AU-

205. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806JP. CT-27; KM-101. 26.91 grams. Lustrous

mate: $1,000-$1,500.

with luster and very light toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

Portugal

AU- with laminations on reverse. Esti-

212. Lisbon, Portugal, escudo (1600 reis), João V, 1724. KM-

219.2. 2.95 grams. AVF with areas of red toning, shaved around edge, scarce early date. Estimate: $250-$375.

213. Lisbon, Portugal, 1/2 escudo

206. Lima, Peru, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1817JP.

(800 reis), João V, 1740.

Nice XF+ with hint of toning, luster in legends, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $800-$1,200.

CT-139; KM-128. 13.38 grams.

Gomes-110.18;

VF+ with spots of red sediment around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-218.8. 1.70 grams.

214. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João V, 1734. KM-201. 1.00 grams. Bold AU with toning

around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

Russia 207. Lima, Peru, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1799IJ. CT-314;

KM-100. 6.68 grams. Lightly red-toned XF+ with scratch in front of face. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

208. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1758JM, rare. CTRed-toned XF, slightly off-center strike, attractive early type. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

209; KM-56.2. 3.31 grams.

209. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo,

Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1791IJ.

UNC details but obverse oddly pockmarked, light toning and sediment around details. Estimate: $400-$600.

CT-468; KM-88. 3.36 grams.

215. Russia, 15 roubles, Nicholas II, 1897, moneyer’s initials on edge, wide rim. KM-65.1. 12.87 grams. AU+ with muted luster. Estimate: $600-$900.

216. Russia, 5 roubles, 1904, encapsulated NGC MS 65 (old holder). KM-Y62. Nice orange color, lustrous but somewhat matte in texture. Estimate: $350-$500.

South Africa

210. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1795IJ. CT-472; KM-89.

217. South Africa, 1/2 pond,

3.39 grams. Lustrous Mint State with

1896. KM-9.2. 4.00 grams. AU-, no luster

minor laminations on bust (only). Estimate: $600-$900.

but toned around details. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Spain (Castile & León)

Ferdinand VI

222. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1755JV. CT-252; KM-378.

1.65 grams. Problem-free VF with light toning

around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

223. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1758JB.

CT-256; KM-378.

1.80 grams. Bold XF+ with hint of luster, at-

218. Spain (Kingdom of Castile), maravedí alfonsi / dobla

(morabitino), Alfonso VIII, 1158-1214, Tulaitula (Toledo) mint, dated Safar era 1232 (1194 AD). ME-1027; Fr-101; Cay-1027.

tractive and problem-free. Acquired in a Hans Schulman (New York) auction in 1958 for $6. Estimate: $125-$200.

Charles III

3.89 grams. Bold AU+ with luster and toning around details, rare grade

and type. Estimate: $2,750-$4,500.

Spain

Ferdinand-Isabel

224. Seville, Spain, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1773CF. CT-

219. Seville, Spain, double excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel,

mintmark S and three dots at bottom, Jerusalem cross at top. CT-74. 6.89 grams. XF with bold full legends, nice detail all over

enhanced by red toning, single ripple through center. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

252; KM-409.2. 26.88 grams. Nice AU with minor marks only, possibly lightly polished at one point, much less common than New World issues. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

225. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1775CF. CT-798; KM-415.2. 1.76

grams. Lustrous AU (choice grade), minor rimbruise only. Estimate: $250-$375.

226. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo,

Charles III, 1786DV. CT-778; KM-425.1. 1.71

grams. Lustrous AU (choice grade) with small marks at top of head. Estimate: $200-$300.

227. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo,

Charles III, 1786DV.

220. Seville, Spain, double excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel,

CT-778; KM-425.1.

1.69 grams. Problem-free VF with light toning

mintmark S and four dots above star at bottom.

CT-72. 6.77 grams. VF with good portraits and nearly full legends, toned in crevices,

around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

possibly lightly shaved and with hairline “A” scratched into obverse. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Charles IV

Charles I

221. Barcelona, Spain, 1 ducat, Charles I, ordinal QUINTVS, rare. CT-15. 3.32 grams. Well-detailed centers (cross fleury and

228. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV, 1795MF,

arms, the latter slightly doubled) and most of legends, lustrous AU with small edge-split. Struck at the Barcelona mint to finance the 1535 expedition to Tunis against Barbarossa. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

60

encapsulated NGC XF 45. CT-204; KM-436.1. Luster and light red toning, minor bagmarks in fields. Estimate: $700-$1,000.


Sweden

229. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1802/1FA.

Choice XF+ with luster, faint surface hairlines on obverse, the overdate probably rare as unlisted in published references. Estimate: $350-$500.

CT-unl. (cf. 344); KM-unl. (cf. 435.1). 6.70 grams.

233. Sweden, 20 kronor, 1900-EB. KM-765. 8.95 grams. Highly lustrous and fully Mint State, almost prooflike. Estimate: $400-$600.

Various Kings

Switzerland

234. Switzerland, 10 francs, 1911-B, key date.

KM-36. 3.23 grams. Mint State with muted luster and faint hint of red toning, scarce

first date of type (lowest mintage). Estimate: $300-$450.

230. Stickpin brooch made of 5 Madrid, Spain, bust gold coins: 1E 1791; 1/2E 1754 and 1786 (3). 14 grams total. All polished VF, the 1E mounted reverse-side out but the others with obverses out. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

235. Switzerland, 10 francs, 1922-B, encapsulated NGC MS

Alfonso XIII

68 with WINGS silver sticker. KM-36. Near-perfect specimen with lots of muted luster, no marks of any kind, tied (with 91 others!) for second-finest known in NGC census. Estimate: $500-$750.

231. Spain, gold restrike 20 pesetas, Alfonso XIII 1887-

Venezuela (United States of Venezuela)

PGV (19-62 inside stars), encapsulated PCGS MS66.

KM-

693.

236. Venezuela, (10 bolívares),

Spanish Colonial

muted underlying luster, practically no marks. Estimate: $200-$300.

Beautiful satin surfaces with muted luster and light pink tone. Popular “baby head”-type restrike, just 11,000 minted with this date. Estimate: $350-$500.

1930, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-Y31. Faint colorful toning with

West Indies

232. Gilt platinum contemporary counterfeit of a bust 8 escudos of Charles III, 1771, fantasy mintmark and assayer R. 26.81 grams. Incorrect but convincing details, the mintmark some-

237. West Indies “Joe” (contemporary counterfeit of a Rio,

what like the Potosí monogram, AU- (lightly circulated) with traces of platinum peeking through the slightly worn high points. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

61

Brazil, 6400 reis, José I, 1765). 13.25 grams. Nice XF with accurate details but most of edge missing (only about a quarter of it showing). Estimate: $900-$1,350.


U.S. Coins Gold

Double Eagles

241. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 Coronet Liberty, 1888,

encapsulated ICG MS62. KM-74.3. Muted luster, minor bagmarks all over. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

238. USA (San Francisco mint), $20 Coronet Liberty, 1855-

Eagles

S, encapsulated PCGS genuine, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. UNC details with splashes of toning and

typically grainy surfaces from immersion, some muted luster. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #186. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

242. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 Coronet Liberty, 1849,

from the S.S. Republic (1865), encapsulated NGC MS 61, in promotional case. KM-66.2. Brightly lustrous and delectable yel-

low color, minor bagmarks all over. From the SS Republic (1865), in promotional case with DVD. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Half Eagles 239. USA (San Francisco mint), $20 Coronet Liberty, 1857S, encapsulated PCGS MS64 / S.S. Central America / 20B Bold S, from the S.S. Central America (1857). KM-74.1. Lovely

satin surfaces with eye-catching luster, just a few minor bagmarks in obverse field and on Liberty’s cheek, otherwise every bit as nice as higher-grade specimens we have seen. From the SS Central America (1857), as stated inside the slab. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

243. USA (Charlotte mint), $5 Coronet Liberty, 1855-C,

from the S.S. Central America (1857), encapsulated PCGS AU55, in promotional “book.” KM-69. 9-3/4” x 7” x 2”. Bold strike

and choice state of preservation, with mirror luster and typically colorful toning (on reverse only), minor bagmarks. From the SS Central America (1857), as stated inside the slab, housed inside a frame in a book-like promotional display. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Quarter Eagles 240. USA (San Francisco mint), $20 Coronet Liberty, 1857S, encapsulated PCGS AU55 / S.S. Central America / 20F No Serif, Right S, from the S.S. Central America (1857). KM-74.1. Technically UNC but lightly bagmarked all over, with faint rose toning against lustrous fields. From the SS Central America (1857), as stated inside the slab, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12 (lot #288). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

244. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 Classic Liberty, 1836, from the S.S. New York (1846), encapsulated NGC MS 61.

Lustrous but slightly grainy, light yellow color. From the SS New York (1846), as stated inside the slab. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

62

KM-56.


245. USA (Dahlonega mint), $2-1/2 Coronet Liberty, 1848-D, encapsulated PCGS MS61. KM-72. Bold strike, typically toned, with underlying luster, rare grade for this popular branch mint. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

246. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 commemorative, 1926, Sesquicentennial, encapsulated ICG MS64.

KM-161.

Deep toning with muted luster, a couple tiny bagmarks only. Estimate: $500-$750.

Silver

249. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Morgan, 1879-S, en-

Dollars

capsulated PCGS MS65 with CAC sticker. KM-110. Highly lustrous with nearly flawless satin fields and NO bagmarks, just a few tiny abrasions on highest points (begs a higher grade), but most eye-catching feature is a splash of peacock toning at top of obverse. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

247. USA (Philadelphia mint), trade dollar, 1876(?), chopmarked as from circulation in the Orient. KM-108. 25.91 grams.

Fairly clear details on the host coin (VG) despite a myriad of chopmarks (mostly large but some small) and test-marks, very interesting. Estimate: $100-$150.

250. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Morgan, 1882-S, encap-

sulated PCGS MS65 with CAC sticker. KM-110. Nearly flawless satin fields with slightly muted luster and only a couple minor marks (could pass for higher grade), beautiful peacock toning on obverse only. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

248. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1878-CC. KM110. 26.78 grams. Frosty AU with lustrous fields, good contrast, minor

bagmarks only. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $100-$150.

251. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Morgan, 1882-S, encap-

sulated NGC MS 67. KM-110. Brightly lustrous with just a few tiny bagmarks, golden-toned around rims morphing to dark blue on left (both sides). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

63


252. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1882-CC. KM-110. 256. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1890-CC. KM-110. 26.24 grams. Nice Fine with good contrast from toning around details, no problems. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $70-$100.

26.52 grams. Evenly toned VF, no problems. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $70-$100.

253. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1883-CC. KM-110. 257. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1892-CC. KM-110. 25.68 grams. Toned VG with a few old marks on obverse rim. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $150-$225.

26.59 grams. AXF with good contrast, faint traces of remaining luster,

no problems. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $100-$150.

258. USA (New Orleans), $1 Morgan, 1895-O. KM-110. 26.67 grams. XF with faint toning and traces of luster, no problems. Pulled

254. USA (New Orleans mint), $1 Morgan, 1885-O, encap-

from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $500-$750.

sulated NGC MS 65* (star designation) with CAC sticker.

KM-110. Lustrous satin fields with just a few minor bagmarks (also on

cheek), with vivid rainbow toning on half of obverse and near rim on reverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

259. USA (New Orleans mint), $1 Morgan, 1896-O, encapsulated ANACS MS62, rare. KM-110. Lustrous satin fields with a few minor bagmarks, toning around rims. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

255. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Morgan, 1888-S. KM-110.

26.69 grams. XF with traces of luster, toned around details, no problems. Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $150-$225.

64


Half Dollars

260. USA (New Orleans mint), $1 Morgan, 1904-O, encap- 263. USA (New Orleans mint), half dollar Seated Liberty,

1859-O, 9 in border, from the S.S. Republic (1865), encapsulated NGC Shipwreck Effect, in promotional case. KM-A68.

sulated NGC MS 64. KM-110. Highly lustrous reverse, the obverse slightly less so but still quite attractive, minimal bagmarks, faint toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

Minimal surface corrosion and no marks, a premium coin for this provenance. From the SS Republic (1865), in promotional case with DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

261. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Peace, 1923, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-150. Muted luster and minor bagmarks, but highly

interesting with rainbow toning on all of obverse and at rim on reverse (rare on this issue). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

264. USA (New Orleans mint), half dollar Seated Liberty,

1859-O, 9 in border, from the S.S. Republic (1865), encapsulated NGC Shipwreck Effect, in promotional case. KM-A68.

Very light surface corrosion all over, plus light old scratches on obverse, traces of luster. From the SS Republic (1865), in promotional case with DVD. Estimate: $400-$600.

262. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Peace, 1927-S. KM-150. 26.78 grams. Lightly toned UNC with muted luster, no problems.

Pulled from circulation in Las Vegas ca. 1956. Estimate: $150-$225.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

265. USA (New Orleans mint), half dollar Seated Liberty, 1861-O, Louisiana issue (die W-08), from the S.S. Republic (1865), encapsulated NGC Shipwreck Effect. KM-A68. Very

light surface corrosion on about 80%, the rest lustrous. The so-called “Louisiana issue” of 1861 (detectable from minute die details) refers to coins struck in just one month (February) when the mint was under State control before operating under the Confederacy. While therefore popular, these “Louisiana issue” pieces were actually struck in greater quantities than the previous US issues and the later Confederate issues for the same date. From the SS Republic (1865), with certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $600-$900.

65


266. Set of three USA (New Orleans mint) half dollar Seated Liberty, 1861-O, from the S.S. Republic (1865), encapsulated NGC Shipwreck Effect, representing US issue (rare, W-01A), Louisiana issue (W-07) and Confederate issue (W-13), in promotional case. KM-A68. 10-3/4” x 7-1/4” x 2-1/2” (case). The US issue with light surface corrosion but the other two nearly unaffected

(those two labeled as [B] UNC), rare and valuable as a matched date-set due to the US issue (as most sets have an earlier date to represent the US issue) and fascinating as commemorating the secession of Louisiana and its admission to the Confederate States during the Civil War. From the SS Republic (1865), in promotional case with DVD. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Quarters

267. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty, 1840-O, no drapery, encapsulated NGC MS 63, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.1. Toned

satin surfaces with underlying luster, practically no marks. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

269. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty, 268. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty, 1840-O, with drapery, encapsulated NGC UNC details / 1840-O, with drapery, encapsulated NGC MS 63, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Faint ton-

ing atop muted luster all over, practically no marks. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Light pervasive toning with muted

luster underneath, no marks but very light surface granularity. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

66


270. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

274. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1840-O, with drapery, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Light toning all over, with faint luster

1841-O, encapsulated NGC MS 63, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Satin surfaces with muted

luster, golden toning, practically no marks. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

in center of obverse only, light surface granularity, no marks. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

275. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty, 271. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Lib- 1841-O, encapsulated NGC MS 63, from the New Orleans

erty, 1840-O, no drapery, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.1. Nice toning and muted luster, minor

Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lustrous and lightly toned

all over, with minor bagmarks only. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

staining, no marks. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

276. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC MS 62, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lustrous and lightly toned

272. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

all over, just a couple minor bagmarks and rub on eagle’s leg. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

1840-O, no drapery, encapsulated NGC AU details / obverse scratched, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.1. Lightly toned all over with muted underlying luster, no

marks except for a fresh scratch on Liberty’s breast, the AU designation too critical in our opinion. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

277. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lightly toned all over with muted underlying luster,

273. USA (Philadelphia mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841, encapsulated NGC MS 62, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Beautifully lustrous (especially

minor staining. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

the reverse), with incipient toning in places and just one spot of bagmarks at about 3 o’clock on the reverse. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

67

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


278. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lightly toned all over with muted underlying luster,

minor staining. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

282. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC AU details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab).

KM-64.2. Surface granularity over muted luster, toned all over. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

Smaller denominations

279. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lightly toned all over with muted underlying luster,

minor staining near rims. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

283. Lot of 4 USA (Philadelphia mint) Liberty 25C (1838 seated), 10c (1832 bust, 1838 seated) and half dime (1849 seated). 12.93 grams total. VF on average, all more or less toned, no big problems. Estimate: $125-$200.

280. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lightly toned all over with muted underlying luster,

minor staining. (Note: scratch visible in photo on reverse is IN THE SLAB, not on the coin.) From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

284. USA (New Orleans mint), dime (seated) Liberty, 1841-

O, from the S.S. New York (1846), encapsulated NGC SS New York / Shipwreck Effect. KM-63.2. Silvery from cleaning and

moderately corroded all over but with all details clear. From the SS New York (1846), Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #920 and photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

281. USA (New Orleans mint), quarter dollar seated Liberty,

1841-O, encapsulated NGC UNC details / environmental damage, from the New Orleans Bank Find (stated inside slab). KM-64.2. Lustrous under light toning, minor staining in places,

light rub on eagle’s leg. From a bank hoard found in New Orleans in 1982. Estimate: $500-$750.

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Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


Copper

285. Original Whitman album of USA (various mints) copper Lincoln cents, 1909-1940, complete except for the 1922-D no mintmark (89 coins total). This collection was assembled 1953-1958 from circulating specimens in Essex Junction, Vermont, and

Riverton, Kansas. Originally in a Wayte Raymond “National Album” and later transferred to a “newly introduced” Whitman bookshelf album sometime around 1960. Quality is slightly above par, About Fine to About XF overall but four coins higher (AU-UNC with original color and luster): 1934-D, 1939-D, 1939-S and 1940. The key 1909-S VDB is a solid AXF without any flaws, but the 1914-D is a wretched AVG with test-cut in edge. Otherwise almost all are undamaged. Final year of the album is 1940, with all three mints included, the only unfilled hole being the 1922-D no-mintmark “error.” Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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Biography: Thomas Gray Our longtime customer and friend, Thomas “Tom” Gray, is one of those guys who firmly believes in paying it forward. When he was younger, his uncle spearheaded the restoration of Old Salem in Winston-Salem, NC where Tom also renovated houses. Fast forward almost 50 years to find Tom donating the lead gift for Old Salem’s Capital Campaign in 2013. This gift has transformed the Frank L. Horton Museum into a state-of-the-art research center and library now renamed The Anne P. and Thomas A. Gray Library and MESDA (for Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts) Research Center. This center also houses his rare book and manuscript collection. Collecting is clearly in his blood. Most recently, Tom lent his shipwreck coin collection to the American Numismatic Association for their exhibit entitled “Treasures of the Deep: Galleons, Storms and Archeology,” which was housed at the Edward C. Rochette Money Museum at the ANA headquarters in Colorado Springs, Colorado, from the summer of 2014 to the summer of 2015. This collection was assembled over several years and represents most of the colonial era shipwrecks. Tom has a love of all things old, be they books or coins. Now Tom has decided to part with his coin collection, and thus you will see coins for sale in our auction that are pedigreed to this collection. We hope you will enjoy the broad range of shipwrecks represented, from the obscure to the mainstream.

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Shipwreck Ingots Gold Unidentified early 1500s wreck in the Caribbean

286. Complete “tumbaga” gold “finger” bar, 660 grams, marked with fineness XIII (13K), foundry/assayer marks backwards S and cross-topped B, and two tax stamps showing CAR with the A above the CR for Charles I of Spain (or Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire), from an unidentified early 1500s wreck in the Caribbean. 8-1/4” x 1” x 1/4”. Unusually intact bar (as

these were normally cut into pieces) that probably dates to the 1520s based on its “tumbaga” content of 35% copper and 10% silver, also with backwards-S stamp (butted up to the right side of the XIII fineness) that matches specimens from the ca.-1528 “Tumbaga” Wreck, the other stamps new to us, the circular tax stamps weak but the cluster around the fineness bold and well defined by dark encrustation, a few scratches on other side but otherwise all rather smooth and attractive, with sharply cut diagonal assayer’s bit in one corner. From an unidentified early 1500s wreck in the Caribbean. Estimate: $20,000-up.

287. Gold “oro corriente” nugget with circular tax stamp and stamp “C” for

Charles I of Spain, 21.41 grams, from an unidentified early 1500s wreck in the Caribbean. Roughly 3/4” x 3/4” x 1/4”. Very crude and irregular blob of gold yet with full

“C” stamps and border of circular tax stamp amazingly clear (enhanced with dark encrustation), tested at 22K. From an unidentified early 1500s wreck in the Caribbean. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

288. Cut piece of a gold “finger bar” ingot, 182 grams,

marked with fineness XX• (20.25K), from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 2-1/4” x 1” x 1/4”. Neat segment with both ends

sharply cut (encrustation in striations), full fineness mark in center of curved side, flat side a bit sunken-in, attractive yellow color. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

289. Gold disk with cut edge, 1438 grams, fineness XIX••• (19.75K), foundry / assayer STN / DTS (?), from the Atocha (1622), ex-Christie’s (1988). 4” in diameter and 1/2” thick. Impressive disk with lots of markings (four fineness, two foundry / assayer and

four circular tax-stamps) on flat top, tangential piece removed from edge in its time by shallow chiseling and deep breaking (with encrustation in crevices of break), much copper color on surfaces, great pedigree. From the Atocha (1622), pedigreed to the original Christie’s (New York) auction of June 1988, lot #81. Estimate: $50,000-$75,000.

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Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

290. Irregular gold “splash” ingot, 267 grams, marked with fineness XXI (21K), from the 1715 Fleet, ex-Bowers & Ruddy

(1977). Approx. 3” x 2” x 1/8”. Very attractive “puddle” of gold with exceptionally smooth top, deeply marked with fineness, and very bub-

bly bottom, in a random shape with assayer’s “bite” clipped from the end of one peninsula, valuable classic pedigree. From the 1715 Fleet, pedigreed to the Bowers & Ruddy auction of February 1977, lot #5334. Estimate: $10,000-up.

Non-wreck

291. Natural gold-in-quartz specimen, 316.7 grams, from the Sixteen-to-One Mine in Sierra County, California. Roughly 2” cube. Very rare and beautiful natural crystal matrix (the kind of thing usually crushed at the mine) with sharp, flaky gold protruding from a

cloud of opaque, white quartz, nice size and shape (fits in your hand). As explained in the accompanying letter of provenance, the gold in this specimen is “extraordinarily brilliant” due to an unusual 15% silver / 85% gold ratio. Pedigreed to the collection of William Ghidotti, formerly on display at the Wells Fargo Bank in Reno, Nevada. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

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292. Large natural gold nugget from

Alaska, 81.80 grams. Roughly 2” x 1” x

1/2”. Substantial chunk of solid gold with mostly smooth, rounded edges from rolling along riverbeds, impressive and attractive in size and shape. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

293. Gold “oro corriente” cut

piece of a small, round disk with two partial circular tax stamps for Charles I of Spain, 80.92 grams. Approx. 2-1/2” x

3/4” x 1/4”. Tangentially broken-off piece of a flat disk with smooth top and bottom, the top with two tax stamps, one of which shows a clear (C)ARO(LVS), with dark encrustation in the crevices of the broken edge, hairline crack at 90 degrees to the break, impressive size for “oro corriente” (worth exactly three 8 escudos in its time). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

294. Tiny gold “oro corriente” cut piece of a small ingot with partial tax stamp for Charles I

of Spain, 2.93 grams. About 3/8” x 1/4” x 1/8”. Very small and curious piece with four sides chiseled and cut (one side crude but the others neat), showing just a part of one circular stamp, approximately the equivalent of a 1 escudo in its time. Estimate: $400-$600.

Silver “Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

295. Small, thick, brick-like “tumbaga” silver bar #1128, 2395 grams, marked with assayer/owner B~Vo, serial RCxxx and fineness 9cccxxx (830/2400 = 34.6% fine), rare as uncleaned, from the “Tumbaga wreck” (ca. 1528). 6-3/4” x 3” x 1”.

This bar was among a handful that were sold at auction in 1993 prior to conservation, with some spots of coral encrustation on the top, the bottom more or less smooth and showing all the markings, boldly impressed but a little smoothed over, the serial number RCxxx and assayer B~Vo above the fineness 9cccxxx, which is rather low for such a visibly silver-looking bar and runs counter to the 68.7%-silver assay from A.A Gordus (deemed to be flawed as done from a surface sample before conservation). The assayer’s “bite” appears on a top corner, as is typical for this somewhat standard shape among the “tumbaga” bars. Curiously to the right of the fineness is a rubbed-out spot that appears to have been a previous fineness marking in an earlier style, indication of re-assaying that is known to have occurred on many of these bars. Excellent pedigree. From the “Tumbaga wreck” (ca. 1528), and pedigreed to the Christie’s (London) auction of April 28, 1993, with original lot-tag #272 and with original Gordus assay report from 1993 (also in the census on page 135 of Tumbaga Saga (2010), by Augi Garcia, and also pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #299. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

296. Small silver “splash” ingot, 878 grams, with circular tax stamp of Charles I, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 4-1/2” to 5” in diameter, 3/8” thick. Corroded and still partially coral-encrusted in spots, with weak but certain stamp visible on flat top

(the bottom rounded), nice size with good heft (not too thin like some). From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with Sedwick certificate from 2005, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $900-$1,350.

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Unidentified Spanish wreck sunk ca. 1554 off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

297. Cut silver “splash” ingot, 429 grams, marked with two circular tax stamps showing a man’s head between two pillars with the PLVS VLTRA motto, from an unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Roughly 5-1/4” x 3-1/4” x 1/4”. Beautifully toned lozenge-shaped ingot with one smooth edge and the other edge broken, with stress-cracks on top and corroded surface on bottom, the top with bold full tax stamp (struck over another one at very edge) matching what is pictured in the book Nautical Archeology of Padre Island (Arnold and Weddle, 1978) and therefore a key to linking this unidentified wreck to the 1554 Fleet, most of which was sunk off Padre Island, Texas, but at least one ship of which returned to Havana and continued eastward. There is also a large-C mark (for Charles I) on the bottom, in a corroded spot next to an intentionally flattened area, and this mark also matches those seen on 1554 Fleet ingots. From an unidentified Spanish wreck sunk ca. 1554 off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Estimate: $1,000-up.

“Power Plant wreck” (late 1500s) off Hutchinson Island, Florida

298. Small silver ingot, 32.16 grams, with crowned cross-lions-castles tax stamp (Mexico or Santo Domingo), very rare,

from the “Power Plant wreck” (late 1500s). Approx. 1-3/4” x 1”. As described in the book Spanish Treasure Bars, by Craig and Richards (2003), for at least 60 years beachcombers on the east coast of Florida in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant have found Mexican Philip II coins and tiny ingots of varying weights like this one, with markings of crowned cross-lions-castles with globes at the ends, a distinctly Mexican style that was mimicked on the extremely rare Santo Domingo coins of the late 1500s. Because all these mysterious ingots are small (up to 70 grams or so), we feel they must have been a form of “plata corriente” like we know of for the mid-1500s, especially with their official markings to show taxation. This specimen of average size bears a nearly full stamp on its smooth side (the other side rough and corroded), nicely toned and evidently quite rare. From the “Power Plant wreck” (late 1500s) off Hutchinson Island, Florida, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #211. Estimate: $1,500-up.

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Unidentified late-1500s site on St. Simons Island, Georgia

299. Triangular cut piece of a silver “splash” ingot, 70.2 grams, marked with a crowned Mexican-style cross inside a circular

border with lion, castle, G and shell in the quadrants, from an unidentified late-1500s site off the coast of Georgia (very rare and important provenance). Approx. 1-1/2” x 1-1/4” x 3/8”. Outer segment with two broken sides, rough bottom but smoother top

exhibiting half of a well-detailed stamping, identical to ones seen from the so-called “Power Plant wreck” off the east coast of Florida, with a crowned, fleur-tipped cross (usually indicative of Mexico but in fact also used in the second series of coinage from Santo Domingo in 1578), this example clearly showing a lion at upper right and a scallop at lower right, just as seen on the “Power Plant” pieces, on some of which you can see clearly that the scallop is punched over a castle, with a G punched over a lion in the lower-left quadrant (see Spanish Treasure Bars, by Craig and Richards [2003], page 9). It is important to note that three Spanish Franciscan mission stations were located on St. Simons island (Asao [or San Simón], Ocotonico and Santo Domingo de Talaxe), and it is likely this silver ingot-cut was related. Found on the south end of St Simons, Georgia, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #397 and photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,500-up.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

300. Large silver bar #488, 85 lb 9.76 oz troy, Class Factor 1.0, from the Atocha (1622). 14” x 5” x 3-1/2”. Choice example with all markings clear, including fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400) to left of intricate assayer-mark for Juan Sánchez Mexia, manifest number IIIUDXXX, three circular tax stamps, foundry/date Po1621, owner/shipper mark (large asterisk), silvermaster mark B next to diagonal line at corner, plus small double-scoop assayer’s “bite” in center, nearly corrosion-free and attractively toned in the details. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #S488. Estimate: $25,000-up.

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Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

301. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1957 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Zeeland chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), cast in parallel to bar width, from the Slot ter Hooge (1724). 6” x 1-1/2” x 1” Long and fairly uniform bar with pit end clipped only in one corner (the shallow pit filled with encrustation), other end and sides with long seam from casting, one of the broader sides with bold, full but compact markings. From the Slot ter Hooge (1724), with certificate #DSA10/B2 from the salvager (Sténuit), Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #254. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Non-wreck 302. Silver “plata corriente” cut piece of a small, thick

ingot with partial circular tax stamp of Charles I of Spain, 77.30 grams. Approx. 1-1/4” x 1-1/8” x 3/8”. Thick, some-

what triangular chunk, broken on all three sides and somewhat “sandwashed” from circular and burial, the top with bold partial stamp showing (CA)ROLVS enhanced by dark toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

303. Silver “plata corriente” cut piece of a small, round ingot

with partial circular tax stamp of Charles I of Spain, 20.21 grams.

Roughly 1” x 3/4” x 1/4”. Triangular edge-piece with two broken sides, the tax stamp weak with just the S visible on top, other side encrusted with tan sediment. Estimate: $200-$300.

304. Silver “plata corriente” cut piece of a small, round ingot

with partial circular tax stamp of Charles I of Spain, 10.23 grams.

Roughly 5/8” x 5/8” x 5/16”. Small, triangular edge-piece with about half of

tax stamp visible (legend DG ISP below castle), nicely toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Copper Hindostan, sunk in 1803 southeast of England

305. Copper “finger” bar, 416 grams, from the Hindostan (1803), very rare provenance. 6-1/2” x 3/8” x 7/8” A neatly cast “cigar”

of copper (classic “finger” form, with flat top and rounded bottom and sides), no markings but important as the first of its kind we have offered from this wreck, minor corrosion and patches of bright green. From the Hindostan (1803), with original certificate from the salvager, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #415. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Shipwreck Silver Coins Ancient Egyptian galley wreck ca. 88 BC off the coast of ancient Phoenicia

309. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer R to right, mintmark M to left, rare. Nesmith

306. Ancient Egypt, silver tetradrachm, Ptolemy IX, Paphos

mint, Year 2 (111/110 BC). 10.59 grams. Diademed head of Ptol-

emy IX as Zeus, facing right, with aegis at shoulder / PTOLEMAIOS BASILEUS around eagle standing left, wings open, date LE in front, mintmark PA behind. Darkly toned on obverse, somewhat polished reverse, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

70; S-M7; KM-18; CT-unlisted. 12.90 grams. Choice full AU details on both sides with no surface corrosion in evidence, very lightly toned, much rarer than the usual G and L specimens from this wreck. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Unidentified 3rd-century AD wreck in the eastern Mediterranean 310. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith 86; S-M9; 307. Lot of 2 Roman silver antoninianii, Gordian III (238-

244 AD). RSC-174b, RIC-189b (Antioch mint); and RSC-348, RIC-154. 3.86

and 3.29 grams. Both with bust of Gordian facing right inside legend on obverse, one with Pax standing inside legend PAX AVGVSTI on reverse and the other with Victory standing inside legend VICTOR AETER on reverse; bold details, very light surface corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-18; CT-84. 13.25 grams. Solid and well-struck specimen on a smallish flan, with nearly full legends and XF details, minimal surface corrosion on pillars side only, nicely toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2008. Estimate: $400-$600.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean 311. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith 45 for type; S-M5; KM-12; CT-111. 6.50 grams. Broad flan with nice full legends,

good full pillars and shield with tiny spots of “horn silver” but no outright corrosion, XF details. Estimate: $250-$375.

308. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer G at bottom between pillars. Nesmith 11 for type;

S-M2; KM-17; CT-69. 12.39 grams. Darkly toned all over, with full details

in AU grade despite very light surface granularity, well centered and devoid of doubling. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Spanish 1554 Fleet off Padre Island, Texas

315. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith 86a; 312. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early

Series,” assayer P to right, mintmark M to left (oMo-oPo).

Nesmith 25g; S-M4; KM-10; CT-123. 4.64 grams. Thin from corrosion but with bold full pillars, full shield and nearly full legends, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 12.64 grams. Solid flan with full legends and inner details but with surface corrosion and uneven toning all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

316. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith 82; S-M9;

313. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM. Nesmith-90; S-M9; KM-

18; CT-85. 6.67 grams. Thin from corrosion but with bold inner details and most of legends, contrastingly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), and pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #225 and certificate from 2004. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-18; CT-86. 13.28 grams. Bold full legends and pillars, bold full assayer, the shield full but partially weak, toning around details, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 317. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

314. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith 86a;

period). S-P10; KM-5.1. 25.40 grams. XF details with hint of luster but part of edge corroded away, spot of dark encrustation on shield. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Internet-Only Auction #1, with original lot-tag #43. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 12.82 grams. Very broad, round flan with 100% full legends, inner details also full but with light surface corrosion and uneven toning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $250-$375.

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318. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th

period). S-P12; KM-5.1. 24.60 grams. Choice full shield and cross plus full king’s name in legend despite light surface corrosion, parts of the edge corroded away, silvery from cleaning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $200-$300.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

319. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer

320. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q/C,

not visible. KM-37.2. 11.45 grams. Good full cross, full but off-center

rare variety with P•Q over P-C.

shield, light (interior) to moderate (edge) corrosion, unevenly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

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S-P16; KM-10. 24.54 grams. Very broad, oblong flan with bold full P•Q with the • inside a C, full shield and cross, solid flan despite light corrosion all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $250-$375.


The 1618 Wreck of the San Martín, Almiranta de Honduras By Dave Horner Edited by Cori Sedwick Downing

On September 12, 1618 a hurricane hit a Spanish treasure fleet in the Gulf Stream two days after it had left Havana. Many of the 31 ships in the Plata Flota were sunk in the high winds and seas, and only a few, including the Capitana, navigated by General Tomas Raspuru, succeeded in reaching Spain. One of the largest vessels in the homeward-bound convoy was the San Martín, more commonly known as the Almiranta de Honduras, as she had taken on the majority of her cargo in the Honduran port of Trujillo. She was a 300-ton Vizcayan-built ship armed in Seville and provided with a company of soldiers when chosen as the almiranta. Her cargo contained indigo, hides, cochineal (a red dye from an insect found in Mexico), gold, and silver. Fleets were regularly organized to escort such products back to Spain. The San Martín also carried a quantity of silver coins to purchase supplies for the soldiers. News of the great storm and of the disaster it wrought was sketchy and spread over many months. Four ships made it back to Spain while others limped into ports in Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo, and Cuba. A total of fifteen ships were never accounted for. Most of the ships sank either on the western reefs of the Bahamas or along the coast of Florida thanks to swirling winds that changed directions. The San Martín sank near Wabasso Beach, Florida after being spun around back into the Gulf Stream. For most of the night, the ship was pummeled by gigantic seas and those souls on board were certain they would sink in this extremely deep water; however, when dawn broke, they found themselves being swept uncontrollably through mountainous breakers pounding the Florida shoreline. The governor of Spanish Florida, Juan de Salinas, learned that a ship had wrecked halfway down the east coast, and he sent an expedition of twenty soldiers led by Captain Alonso Diaz from the capital at St. Augustine. They found 53 survivors who were naked and starving. After providing them with food and water, Captain Diaz reconnoitered the shipwreck and later wrote that the ship was found off the bar and covered with water. The hides, indigo, and cargo were spoiled from the sea. Rough water and bad weather prevented any salvage. Later, two expeditions by the Spanish salvaged one 2000-pound cannon which they brought back to St. Augustine in the hold of a ship, “after much effort.” In addition to the general cargo, the San Martín carried two large bronze cannons of 3200 pounds each and eight cast-iron guns of 2200 pounds each. The location of the remains of the San Martín was originally discovered by the Real Eight Company when they were searching for wrecks of the famed 1715 Spanish fleet in the 1960s. The site became known as the “Green Cabin” wreck because it was offshore across from a faded green beach cottage. After working the site a short time, they found a few coins, but they passed over the wreck because it was not 1715 in origin and they moved farther south along the coast where they made the first of their big treasure discoveries. Some years later Dave Horner became interested in the wreck for the very reason the Real Eight Company abandoned it: It was a century earlier and could yield historically important information (at the time, it was the earliest known shipwreck in Florida). Finding a little treasure certainly would be nice as well, Horner reasoned. After being encouraged to pursue the wreck by his friend, Lou Ullian (one of the original Real Eight members), Horner met with officials from the Florida Department of State, Division of Archives, History and Records Management, Bureau of Historic Sites and Properties. The State granted him a lease on the site in the spring of 1979. After obtaining exclusive rights, Horner agreed to a proposal from Indialantic attorney, Fred Denius, to supply the salvage boat and divers for a percentage of the deal. Work started in early May with a magnetometer survey of the area. As anomalies were recorded on the magnetometer, a colorcoded buoy would be dropped on the spot. Multiple readings proved to be five large cannons in one pile with two anchors approximately 100 feet away and considerable debris scattered in between. Now it was time for the divers to go to work! Aboard the salvage boat, an old 31-foot Chris Craft dubbed Big Time Action (BTA), was captain and chief diver John Brandon, divers Jim Solanick and Richard Turner, and recording secretary and diver Cathy Balfour. In the cannon pile, they found huge thirteen-foot guns partially camouflaged by coral and sea fans. Strewn around the bottom were assorted sizes of pale green and beige ballast rocks. Off to starboard was a very old anchor with a six-foot shank and fourfoot spread between flukes. Beyond it in deeper water they encountered another old anchor with a nine-foot shank and a six-foot spread between the flukes. This must have been dropped in a desperate effort by the ship’s crew to stop the ship from pounding into pieces on the Florida reef during its final moments.

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Most of the prime scatter area was between 200 and 300 yards off the beach. Water depths ranged from twenty to twenty-five feet. Underwater visibility on a good day might be as much as twelve feet, but more often a diver could see only a few feet, and when sea conditions were unfavorable, only a few inches. The Explorers Club in New York City awarded flag number 73 to Horner for his summer expedition in search of the treasure of the Almiranta de Honduras. On June 2, he dove with the crew after rigging the flag on the BTA’s antenna on the flying bridge. This was in keeping with the mission of the Explorers Club whereby “any member in good standing may apply for the privilege of carrying the Explorers Club flag on an expedition intended to further the cause of exploration and field science. The flag has been carried on hundreds of expeditions since 1918: to both poles, to the highest peaks of the greatest mountain ranges, to the depths of the ocean, and to outer space.” According to Dave, “we were on the bottom struggling against the current to maintain our balance. The blower was clouding visibility with all kinds of sand and coquina coral debris. Occasionally, an unidentified encrusted object would appear and we would set it aside. Suddenly, what looked like a burst of yellow went by with the current. Then, another quick stream of golden particles filtered through the already cloudy water. Could this have been some of the gold dust reputed to have been aboard? How fast it appeared and vanished! If there was more, and it was gold dust, how would we ever manage to collect it?” The logistics of this subject, with recommendations of everything from large magnets to strainer bags, dominated the crew’s conversation for the rest of the day. Once the salvage operation was in full swing, hopes ran high. Each day was a new opportunity to find treasure. The captain had instructions to stay anchored on the site as long as the weather was fair thus eliminating his wasting time by running back and forth through Sebastian Inlet. But, the crew always observed cocktail hour back on land. Things proceeded slowly and there was little to report. In the meantime, Dave Horner was busy building his Popeye’s Famous Fried Chicken franchise in Central Florida and could only occasionally dive with the crew. By mid-July, when Horner took his family north to his father’s Virginia Beach home and the divers hadn’t found anything more than the cannons and anchors, he met with Fred Denius. They agreed on a secret code should there be a big find while Horner was away. “If anything significant is discovered, call me immediately. If I’m not available, use the code name ‘Hot Dog’ and I’ll know it’s important for me to get back to you quickly,” said Horner. One night while Horner and his wife went out to dinner and his father, also named Dave, who was hard of hearing, stayed home, the telephone rang. His dad picked it up and someone on the other end asked, “Is this Dave Horner?” He replied, “Yes” (which was true). “Hot dog, Dave, hot dog!” came the response, to which the father answered, “What? What are you saying?” “Hot dog, Dave, hot dog!” “Who is this and what do you want?” the mostly-deaf father asked. “Is this or is this not Dave Horner?” the other party inquired. “Yes, this is Dave Horner,” Dave’s father again answered. “Then, damn it Dave, hot dog, hot dog, hot dog!” The father hung up the phone. When Horner returned from dinner, he asked his father whether there were any phone calls while he was away. His dad replied, “Not really. Just some nut who called me a hot dog.” It took a couple of minutes for Dave to remember just what those words meant and when he reached Fred Denius in Florida, Fred was sitting on his living room floor amidst a pile of blackened pieces of eight, now delirious with treasure fever. The BTA had anchored near a reef, but the divers hadn’t found anything. As they tried

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to shift the boat, one of the anchors became lodged. Jim Solanick went overboard to dislodge the anchor and spotted several oxidized silver coins exposed on the reef. The crew immediately positioned the boat and blower over this area, and from the hole the blower created, they found 797 silver coins. Apparently they had uncovered the remains of a chest that had settled on the reef after the big galleon had struck it and broken itself apart. They also brought up badly worn fragments of coins, some silver slag, and a gold ring with a missing stone. This discovery took place on July 18, a banner day for the team. Unfortunately, bad weather kept the BTA and its divers onshore for four days after that. When the seas finally allowed them to return to the Green Cabin site, Captain Brandon anchored about 200 feet southwest of the cannon pile. The crew dug from sun up to sun down and exhausted their compressed air. For their day’s toil, they had recovered another 506 silver coins, many fragments, bottle stoppers, several bowls, and various pottery. The boat must have been as tired as the divers because once in port, its propeller fell off. Other mechanical problems kept the salvage vessel in port for the rest of the month. August proved to be a poor month for finds and finally two tropical storms brought the season to an end. Under the State of Florida’s underwater leasehold laws, everything the crew found that season would be tagged and hauled off to Tallahassee for preservation and safekeeping. Robert Vickery, a representative from the Florida Department of State, Division of Archives, History and Records Management, Bureau of Historic Sites and Properties, and Sonny Cockrell, the state archeologist, carted off barrels full of pottery, encrusted objects, spikes, pikes, cannonballs, barshot, blue lumps of indigo, bone, lead sheathing, and of course, silver. In accordance with the salvage agreement with the State, a “division of spoils,” whereby the salvagers would receive 75% of the find, would eventually take place, but this could take years. In a bizarre twist, another admiralty matter unfolded that fall, possibly jeopardizing Horner and company’s chance at a payday. Treasure hunter Mel Fisher, upset that the State was attempting to take jurisdiction over his discovery of the galleon Nuestra Señora de Atocha some forty miles southwest of Key West, began filing admiralty claims against every known treasure site along the Florida east coast. The “Green Cabin” wreck was one of them. When Dave Horner asked the State for protection, he was told that the matter would have to be settled in court. At best this could mean years of arbitration; at worst, Fisher could force the State to release to him all of the valuables recovered from all wreck sites. Fortunately, Dave and attorney Fred Denius, among others, were able to press the State for an immediate division and final settlement. The historic distribution took place in the vault of a local bank on December 20, 1979. In all, over 3000 silver coins and numerous artifacts were recovered. The gold ring was the only item of gold found. It was probably on the finger of one of those who perished in the storm over 300 years before. All the coins were from the reign of Philip II (1556-1598) and Philip III (1598-1621). Many of the coins were heavily oxidized, pitted, or worn from the abrasive action of the sand and many years on the bottom of the sea. Other coins were easily recognizable as coins, and a surprising number of them still retained their original design. A few of the prime specimens retained their dates, partial dates, and/or mint marks. At the time of the shipwreck of the San Martín in 1618, Spain was the richest country in the world, and Spanish treasure galleons the wealthiest vessels for their size and time. While it was not a salvage operation of the size and scope of others before and after it, at that time the San Martín was the earliest documented shipwreck ever salvaged off the east coast of Florida. Other shipwrecks have yielded earlier coins from the reign of Charles I and his mother, Joanna, the parents of Philip II. Still and all, the San Martín was a happy find that didn’t make anyone rich but sure gave them some good stories to tell.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016

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About the author (mostly from his website, www.davehornerworldwide.com): Dave Horner has lived a life of adventure. From his early days in the Navy to a successful business career, he has studied subjects that interest him with a dogged determination. A graduate of the University of Virginia and Rutgers University, Dave pursued a career in banking, becoming the youngest bank president in Virginia at the age of thirty. While living in Virginia Beach, Virginia, he founded one of the first pro dive shops in the midAtlantic region and pioneered sport diving for treasure through charter trips to sunken ships. He is a member of the Explorers Club and has sailed his custom schooner to interesting islands and reefs around the world. Dave calls the East Coast home and alternates living in Vero Beach, Florida, and the Maryland Eastern Shore with his wife, Jayne. Dave is the author of several books, mostly about sunken ships, including The Treasure Galleons and Shipwreck (about the 1654 Capitana). Along the way he has put together a fine collection of shipwreck coins, selections from which are presented here in this auction.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com

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San Martín, sunk in 1618 off the east coast of Florida Mexico

321. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III,

assayer not visible but style of F-oD with denomination 8 to left, rare. S-M14 or M14a. 18.02 grams. Traces of shield and cross

despite moderate corrosion all over (some heavy pits), but also with clear denomination 8 to left. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

324. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible. KM-36. 6.96 grams. Nice full shield and cross on broad flan

despite moderate corrosion and thinning, toned on fields. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

325. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer F.

KM-32.2. 3.05 grams. Very thin from corrosion but with clear full shield and oMF and nearly full cross. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $80-$120.

322. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not

visible (F). KM-44.3. 18.71 grams. Good full shield and cross despite moderate corrosion and wear, edge-split, patchy toning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

Mexico Group Lots

326. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer F (where visible). 122.94 grams total. Mostly full shields and

crosses despite heavy corrosion and wear, some rather thin. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

327. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer F (where visible). 123.28 grams total. Mostly full shields and

crosses despite heavy corrosion and wear, some rather thin. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

328. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer F (where visible). 55.90 grams total. Mostly full shields and

crosses despite heavy corrosion and wear, some rather thin. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

323. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

F. KM-44.3. 18.91 grams. Moderately to heavily corroded but with clear

shield and cross and assayer F, part of edge thin, silvery from cleaning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

Lima 329. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 (flat top) to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-147.

19.63 grams. Clear details all over (in fact one of the best examples

from this wreck), including full shield and crown and cross, P-8 and *-oD, and most of the legends, the fields all lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #332 and with Tony Jaggers photocertificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Potosí

334. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

330. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer RL.

S-P13; KM-5.1; CT-159. 15.06 grams. Full shield and cross despite moderate corrosion and thinning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

period). S-P10; KM-4.2. 7.60 grams. Round flan with good full shield and bold P-B despite moderate corrosion and thinning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

Potosí Group Lots

335. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and

III, various assayers (where visible). 127.08 grams total. Mostly full shields and crosses despite heavy corrosion and wear, some rather thin. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

336. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III,

various assayers (where visible). 120.38 grams. Mostly full shields

and crosses despite heavy corrosion and wear, some rather thin. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

331. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th 337. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and III,

various assayers (where visible). 26.58 grams. Thin from heavy

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 14.35 grams. Bold B, good full cross and nearly full shield despite moderate corrosion and thinning, uneven toning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

corrosion but with generally clear shields and/or crosses, one with small interior hole. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

Warwick, sunk in 1619 off Bermuda

332. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 18.00 grams. Bold full cross, somewhat crude from corrosion, the reverse (only) darkly toned. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

333. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17;

338. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, ex-Mendel Peterson, very rare provenance. 17.80

grams. Barely identifiable (nearly full shield, heavily pitted cross, toned from decades in a paper envelope) but important as one of very few coins to hit the market from this wreck, made possible only by virtue of the fact that the former Smithsonian curator (now deceased) collaborated with Teddy Tucker to find and salvage this wreck in 1969, and his collection was dispersed after his death, else this coin would reside permanently in Bermuda with the rest of the finds! Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with special printed tag stating the rare shipwreck origin and pedigree to the Mendel Peterson collection, and pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #335. Estimate: $500-up.

Choice specimen for this wreck, with full and bold P-Q, full shield and cross, light to moderate corrosion. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-10; CT-124. 18.20 grams.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Mexico

341. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grade 3. 71.65 grams total. Solid specimens with good shields and crosses despite light to moderate surface corrosion (more like Grade-2 quality), typically silvery. With Fisher certificates #134928, 134949 and 134972. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

339. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1622D, Grade 1,

rare, with original tag but certificate missing. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-unl. (Type 94). 23.64 grams. Classic barrel-shaped flan with choice full

shield and cross, clear date (very desirable as the date of the wreck), bold oMD, light corrosion only and typically silvery. Pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #535, and with Fisher tag #183567. Estimate: $500-$750.

342. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III,

assayer D (where visible), Grade 3. 10.91 grams total. Recogniz-

able shields and crosses despite moderate corrosion and thinning, one of the coins actually a corroded-down 4R (denomination visible) but certificate says 2R, bold assayer D visible on the other coin. With Fisher certificates #202490 and 202530. Estimate: $400-$600.

340. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, Grade 3. 15.61 grams. Bold cross and shield despite moderate corrosion all over, typically silvery. With Fisher certificate #201916. Estimate: $200-$300.

Potosí 8R

343. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

1. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 26.24 grams. Huge flan with bold full shield and

344. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q,

cross (slightly doubled) and much legends, corrosion, toning on fields. With Fisher certificate #134350. Estimate: $500-$750.

Grade 1, with tag but certificate missing. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124.

25.01 grams. Nice full shield and cross, full assayer, nice toning, light

surface corrosion. With Fisher tag #167793. Estimate: $250-$375.

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345. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(1)7M, Grade 1. S-P19; 349. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618PAL (rare), Grade 3. S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 19.62 grams. Bold full date, weak but certain assayer, good full shield and cross despite surface corrosion all over. With Fisher certificate #215418. Estimate: $400-$600.

Very odd shape with large notch in edge (possibly natural), nice full shield and cross, full 16 and most of 7 of date, minimal corrosion. With Fisher certificate #230914. Estimate: $500-$750.

KM-10; CT-129. 25.07 grams.

350. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618(T), Grade 3. S-P21;

346. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)17M, Grade 2, with original tag but certificate missing.

KM-10. 24.05 grams. Oddly darkly toned, with clear 18 of date outside

S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 17.82

doubled cross, corroded shield, edge-split. With Fisher certificate #190435. Estimate: $250-$375.

grams. Bold full shield and P-M and 17 of date, full but corroded

cross. With Fisher tag #105272 and Historic Research and Certification replacement photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

351. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T), quadrants of 347. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M, Grade 3.

cross transposed, Grade 3, with original tag but certificate missing. S-P21; KM-10; CT-134. 21.68 grams. Perfectly full date, good full

S-P19;

KM-10; CT-129. 21.65 grams. Bold full assayer and 100% full date, full but corroded shield and cross, some edge loss, typically silvery. With Fisher certificate #215381. Estimate: $300-$450.

cross, crude shield, much corrosion around edge, squarish flan. With Fisher tag #160803 and Historic Research and Certification replacement photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

348. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617(M), date at 7 o’clock,

Grade 3.

Interesting variety with rotated legend and date as “(ANO)DI1617,” full but softly struck shield and cross, bold tressure, corroded around edge (only). With Fisher certificate #208906. Estimate: $300-$450. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 23.69 grams.

352. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)20T, Grade 1. S-P21;

KM-10; CT-137. 26.26 grams. Full 0 of date, bold full shield and cross, minimal corrosion, nicely toned. With Fisher certificate #230910. Estimate: $500-$750.

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353. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)620T, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-

Bold full 20 of date, full but slightly doubled shield and cross, full mintmark-assayer P+T, minor surface corrosion. With Fisher certificate #183066. Estimate: $400-$600.

10; CT-137. 25.17 grams.

357. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade

3, mounted in silver pendant-bezel, with tag but original certificate missing. S-P21; KM-10. 32.58 grams total. Partial date

16(??), bold assayer, full shield and full but half flat cross, corroded just around edge, mounted shield-side out but aligned with one arm of cross and with huge bail at top. With original Fisher tag #94A-6131. Estimate: $200-$300.

354. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)20T, upper half of

shield transposed, Grade 3.

S-P21; KM-10; CT-137. 17.26 grams.

Bold 0 of date, full assayer, full shield with clear error, full but weaker cross, corroded all over. With Fisher certificate #145662. Estimate: $300-$450.

358. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade-3 quality but Grade 4 on the certificate. S-P21; KM-10.

19.65 grams. Good full cross, corroded shield, nearly round flan. With Fisher certificate #137069. Estimate: $150-$225.

355. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 162(?)T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-10. 21.21 grams. Bold full shield and cross (slightly doubled), bold full 16 of date, full but doubled P-T, minimal corrosion. Note that certificate and tag call it a 2 reales in error. With Fisher certificate #185298. Estimate: $350-$500.

359. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not

visible, Grade 1, with original tag but certificate missing.

KM-10. 25.90 grams. Nice full shield and cross, no corrosion (just a few small pits), lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with Fisher tag #211491. Estimate: $300-$450.

356. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on the certificate (unofficial replacement), with original tag. S-P21; KM-10. 26.82 grams. Full weight and almost perfectly round, with

no corrosion, the full shield and cross just slightly weakly struck, full P+T. With Fisher tag #164244 and Historic Research and Certification replacement photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

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367. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grade 3. 169.39 grams total. Solid specimens with generally clear shields and crosses despite light to moderate corrosion. With Fisher certificates #134098, 134238, 134352, 134889, 141839, 141860 and 141902. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

368. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grade 3. 120.39 grams total. Generally clear crosses and 360. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not

shields despite moderate to heavy corrosion. With Fisher certificates #144679, 144700, 144721, 145355, 145380, 145461 and 145850. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

10. 27.12 grams. Bold

369. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers

visible, Grade 1, with original tag but certificate missing. KM-

full king’s ordinal III in legend, full but slightly off-center shield, full but slightly doubled cross, nice toning, no corrosion. With Fisher tag #260315 and Historic Research and Certification replacement photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

Potosí 8R Group Lots

not visible, Grade 4. 90.36 grams total. Heavily corroded (some just fragments) but with generally clear shields and crosses. With Fisher certificates #169725, 176947, 231407, 240639, 244186, 246015 and 248003 (some misattributed as 4R). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

good full crosses and shields, light to moderate corrosion only, one with quadrants of cross and upper half of shield transposed (scarce). With Fisher certificates #147271, 160205, 160435, 203361 (HRC replacement) and 208574. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Potosí 4R

361. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. 116.67 grams total. Generally

362. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. 110.05 grams total. Generally

good full crosses and shields, light to moderate corrosion only. With Fisher certificates #142263, 173698, 183038, 203389 (HRC replacement) and 208287. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

363. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. 211.23 grams

total. Generally clear crosses and shields despite moderate to heavy

corrosion, one with sharper details of early Philip II. With Fisher certificates 135319, 182214, 196223, 196292, 196310, 196331, 201777, 201816, 201919 and 209624 (HRC replacement). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

364. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. 202.11 grams total.

370. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer RL, Grade 3. S-P13; KM-4.2. 10.58 grams. Broad flan with full P-RL (scarce assayer for this denomination and provenance), nice full cross and shield, some corrosion (mostly near edge) but well detailed nonetheless. With Fisher certificate #215764. Estimate: $300-$450.

Generally clear crosses and shields despite moderate to heavy corrosion. With Fisher certificates #139135, 189086 (HRC replacement), 201922, 202042, 204685, 205606, 205622, 205624, 205628 and 205795. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

365. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. 214.19 grams

total. Generally clear crosses and shields despite moderate to heavy

corrosion. With Fisher certificates #190068 (no Grade listed), 201847, 205870, 206867, 208250, 208668, 208973, 212813, 213912, and 215681. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

366. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various

assayers (where visible), Grade 3. 138.09 grams total. Generally

371. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1619T (rare in this de-

nomination), Grade-1 quality but Grade 3 on the certificate (unofficial replacement), with original tag. S-P21; KM-9. 13.46

clear crosses and shields despite moderate to heavy corrosion, one with quadrants of cross and upper half of shield transposed (scarce). With Fisher certificates #129428 (misattributed as a 4R), 144742, 144744, 145389, 145671, 145737 and 145808. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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grams. Odd-shaped flan with bold full P+T, full date and king’s name PHYLYPVS in legend, full shield and cross despite some weak areas, no corrosion (full weight). While this date is common in 8R, it is apparently rare in 4R, as this is only the second specimen we have handled. With Fisher tag #185630 and Historic Research and Certification replacement photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.


372. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)620T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-9; CT-248. 13.23 grams. Bold

full shield and cross, bold 2 and clear 0 of date, full P+T, no corrosion, edge-split. With Fisher certificate #200387. Estimate: $500-$750.

373. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1620T, Grade 3.

KM-9; CT-248. 11.43 grams. Weak

376. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 1, with original tag but certificate missing.

KM-9. 12.85 grams. Good full cross, full but slightly off-center shield with most of crown above, minimal corrosion. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with Fisher tag #157614. Estimate: $300-$450.

S-P21;

but certain date, round flan, full but corroded shield and cross. With Fisher certificate #174209. Estimate: $250-$375.

377. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 2. KM-9. 12.30 grams. Choice full cross, full but off-

center shield, light surface corrosion and toning, edge-split. With Fisher certificate #131089. Estimate: $350-$500.

Potosí 4R Group Lots

374. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 162(?)T, quadrants of cross 378. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and

transposed, Grade 3. S-P21; KM-9. 10.83 grams. Clear 162 of date with possible 2 for last digit (which would be rare), full but doubled cross, the shield side oversized and possibly from an 8R die, corroded all over. With Fisher certificate #199396. Estimate: $200-$300.

III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. 98.35 grams total. Generally decent shields and crosses despite moderate to heavy corrosion. With Fisher certificates #172406, 182069, 182095, 182107, 199230, 199236, 199242, 199290, 199308 and 221331 (no Grade). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

379. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. 104.47 grams

total. Generally decent shields and crosses despite moderate to heavy

corrosion. With Fisher certificates #199326, 199341, 199724, 199727, 206956, 217695, 217701, 217768, 219358 and 222100 (HRC replacement). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

380. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grade 3. 41.73 grams total. Generally decent shields and

375. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade

crosses despite moderate to heavy corrosion. With Fisher certificates #134722, 134744, 202434, 203011 and 206973 (some misattributed as 2R). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1. S-P21; KM-9. 11.09 grams. Crude flan due to corrosion loss (both on edge and on surfaces), hence more like Grade-2 quality or less, full but partially weak cross and shield, toned fields. With Fisher certificate #174177. Estimate: $350-$500.

381. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grade 4. 32.35 grams total. Heavily corroded (some

just fragments) but with generally clear shields and crosses, one coin actually a 2R (hard to tell with this much corrosion). With Fisher certificates #169573, 169716, 169822, 175072, 176932 and 177337. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016

94


Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

Potosí 2R

382. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, ex-

Research Collection, Plate Coin #183. S-P17; KM-8; CT-353. 6.68 grams. Very well-preserved specimen with choice full shield and cross

(the former slightly doubled and the latter off-center), king’s name and ordinal (PH)ILIPVS III with backwards S in legend, full assayer Q that at first appears to be punched over another letter, but not over an R or a C (the only possibilities), very attractively toned. Pedigreed to the Research Collection, with special Fisher photo-certificate #85A151018, Plate Coin #183, and to our Auction #6, lot #178. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Special Certificate

385. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, Grade 4, with original tag but certificate missing.

14.10 grams. Crude shape due to corrosion and thinning, most of (bold)

cross and shield still clear, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with Fisher tag #6369 and color photocopy of original certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

383. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, Grade 4 (“2 points”), with hand-signed certificate from 1976 (Cape Coral Bank). 2.56 grams. Fragment of a

386. Lot of 2 Potosí cobs (one 8R and one 4R) of Philip

coin due to corrosion yet with most of shield and cross still visible, toned (not thoroughly cleaned), but rare and desirable as certifiably among the early finds prior to the “mother lode” discovery in 1985. With original hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #3717 from 1976 and original cardboard holder. Estimate: $200-$300.

III, assayer not visible, Grade 4. 10.36 grams total. Clear shields

and crosses despite heavy corrosion, both typically very silvery. With original Fisher tags and photo-certificates #00M-50193 and 49869. Estimate: $175-$250.

Clump

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 in the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida

384. Encrusted (uncleaned) clump of 3 cob 8 reales (prob-

ably Potosí, Bolivia, Philip III), rare. 68.57 grams. Dark and corroded coins but with clear shield on top coin, heavily coated with white coral, one of very few uncleaned Atocha clumps available. With Fisher/Sinclair certificate #CH4-00009. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

387. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1618)PAL (rare). S-P20;

KM-10; CT-130. 13.93 grams. Round and well-centered, with full shield and cross and clear PAL assayer, but typically moderately corroded all over, scarce provenance. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #280 and original Seahawk certificate #91-1A-002507.0103. Estimate: $300-$450.

95


388. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, quadrants of cross transposed. 4.83 grams. Good full cross, full but weak shield, moderately corroded but nicely round, scarce provenance. With original certificate #90-1A-628 from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, east of Africa

389. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1619/8D/F, Grade

391. Clump of 5 Spanish or Spanish colonial cob 8R and 4R.

83.96 grams. Neat stack with smallest coins on top and bottom, lined up on one side, mostly cleaned (some details visible despite corrosion) but with some dark encrustation. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

1, encapsulated NGC shipwreck effect / Sao José, rare. S-M18;

KM-unl (44.3); CT-unl. Very bold full shield and denomination 8, nearly

full cross, much legend, some flatness and corrosion, contrasting toning in crevices. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #288 and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

392. Clump of 4 Spanish or Spanish colonial cob 8R. 81.49

grams. Neat stack, the top and bottom coins quite solid and showing shields out, the middle two thinner and sandwiched with encrustation (otherwise cleaned). With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$275.

390. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer D.

S-M18; KM-44.3. 18.32 grams. Very crude due to corrosion (broad flan originally), good shield, nice toning. With original certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

393. Clump of 4 Spanish or Spanish colonial cob 8R and

4R. 56.03 grams. Neat stack with one solid 8R in middle and three 4R (or corroded 8R) on top and bottom, virtually no encrustation as heavily cleaned, most details lost to corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$275.

96


394. Clump of 4 Spanish or Spanish colonial cob 8R and

4R. 60.00 grams. An offset stack of corroded coins (very little details),

but 8R in middle fairly solid, no encrustation as heavily cleaned. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$275.

395. Clump of 3 Spanish or Spanish colonial cob 8R and 4R.

46.67 grams. Nice display with the two smaller coins tilted upright on top of encrustation, also with thick crust on bottom 8R, some details visible. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off Isle of Wight, south of England

396. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 24.52 grams. Bold full denomination 8 (actually oo verti-

399. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. 6.43

grams. Choice full cross, bold but off-center full shield, no corrosion, rare as a cob from this wreck. With certificate #CCB304 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

cally) to right of partial shield, nearly full cross, solid but worn, rare as a cob from this wreck. With certificate #CCB303 from the salvager. Estimate: $175-$250.

397. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer 400. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion� daalder, 1616. not visible. 22.94 grams. Bold shield despite heavy surface corrosion

Full and solid flan (no corrosion) with complete legends and inner details, just a few scratches and some weak strike. With certificate #CCM102 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-13. 27.45 grams.

and wear, rare as a cob from this wreck. With certificate #CCB301 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

398. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer D. 12.67

grams. Good full shield, partial cross, not much surface corrosion but part of edge crude as made, rare as a cob from this wreck. With certificate #CCB302 from the salvager. Estimate: $100-$150.

97


401. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616. KM16. 27.26 grams. Choice specimen with full details (inner and legends),

no corrosion at all (XF or better), even lustrous and with spots of toning. With certificate #CCM108 from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

402. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616. Bold full legends with contrasting toning, some wear but not much corrosion, the lion side slightly off-center. With certificate #CCJ201 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-16. 25.29 grams.

403. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617.

Broad and solid (uncorroded) flan with bold full legends, well-detailed lion, some golden toning with dark spots in crevices. With certificate #CCM106 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200. KM-13. 27.33 grams.

405. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1619.

KM-16. 26.77 grams. Bold full legends except for date (full but weak), no corrosion, somewhat lightly toned. With certificate #CCM101 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

406. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1623. KM16. 24.91 grams. Bold legends, lightly corroded all over. With certificate #CCM103 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

407. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1623.

KM-16. 27.05 grams. Choice details, very sharp but with light surface corrosion, large mark at top of knight side, brightly cleaned. With certificate #CCB306 from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

404. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617.

Choice bold date and full details (including legends), practically no corrosion but silvery from cleaning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Internet-Only Auction #1, with original lot-tag #142, with generic (photocopied) certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-16. 24.67 grams.

408. Holland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1624.

KM-17. 27.30 grams. Very choice full lion, mostly full legends, no corrosion at all, lightly golden toned. With certificate #CCM104 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

98


409. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1627. KM-16. 26.17 grams. Full details but lightly corroded all over, partially toned. With certificate

#CCM105 from the salvager. Estimate: $125-$200.

410. Clump of two Dutch “lion” daalders (one Utrecht 1616, the other completely cocooned) in a thick concretion of debris

(as found). 82.21 grams. Thick and solid concretion totally covering one coin, the other offset and about 70% exposed, with decent details on both sides (darkly toned), spot of glue at bottom to make it stand upright. With certificate #CCC4012 from the salvager. Estimate: $250-$375.

412. West Friesland, Netherlands, half “lion” daalder, 1604,

rare. KM-9. 13.04 grams. Bold full lion, some bold legends, perfectly

round and somewhat cupped, no corrosion, nicely toned all over. With certificate #CCB305 from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

411. Lot of 3 Dutch “lion” daalders: Utrecht 1616; Utrecht

1618(?); and mint and date uncertain. 58.68 grams total. Mostly

clear details despite corrosion and wear. With certificates #CCJ203, CCJ202 and CCJ 204 from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

413. Holland, United Netherlands, half “lion” daalder, 1616.

KM-16. 12.95 grams. Bold date, full lion, localized light corrosion but most surfaces still lustrous. With certificate #CCC401 from the salvager. Estimate: $150-$225.

99


414. Lot of 3 Dutch half “lion” daalders: Holland 1623(?): Utrecht 16(??): and Westfriesland 16(??). 38.87 grams total. All

nicely detailed (just the dates not 100% clear) and with only minimal surface corrosion. With certificates #CCM110, CCM109 and CCM107 from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

415. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (162)4D, in origi- 417. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer

nal Spink promotional box (including outer carton). S-M18a; D. KM-45; CT-315. 27.07 grams, the box 3-5/8” x 2-1/2” x 3/4”. Choice speci-

men with no corrosion, bold oMD and nearly full 4 of date, deeply toned, the shield mostly flat but the cross nice and nearly full, the promotional box and carton pristine and worth a premium as well. Estimate: $500-$750.

S-M18a; KM-45. 26.68 grams. Choice full shield and cross, clear oMD, darkly toned, with flat peripheries but no corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

418. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer D.

416. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D.

S-M18a; KM-45. 27.10 grams. Full oMD and denomination 8, most of shield and cross, solid and uncorroded but with patchy dark toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-M18a; KM-45. 13.65 grams. Broad flan with nice full shield and cross, bold assayer (which appears to be small D over big D) and denomination 4, minimal surface corrosion, not much contrast. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate and small (original) Spink certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

419. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-45. 12.59 grams. Very odd shape with long, folded-over tail, full shield and cross despite moderate corrosion, darkly toned. Estimate: $75-$110.

100


Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

420. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1641/40/39P. S-M19; 423. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not

KM-45; CT-337. 24.12 grams. Full date (the overdate not 100% certain) and oMP despite moderate surface corrosion, good full cross, thin barrel-shaped flan. Estimate: $200-$300.

visible (P). KM-38. 24.69 grams. Very solid (uncorroded) and broad-

flan specimen with full shield and cross, bold full denomination 8, darkly toned. With original (generic) certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified 1600s wreck (location unknown)

421. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, with canvas impression on obverse.

S-M19; KM-45. 25.10 grams.

Oblong flan, somewhat crude but with full shield and cross, bold oM, minimal corrosion, lightly toned, the curious canvas impression quite pronounced. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #330 and original insert-card from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

424. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible.

12.58 grams. Odd shape, solid and uncorroded but with large patch of dark orange encrustation on obverse, one lion and one castle on the other side nice. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #340. Estimate: $60-$90.

Lastdrager, sunk 1653 off the Shetland Isles, north of Scotland 425. Lot of 5 Emden, Germany (Holy Roman Empire), 28

stuber (2/3 thaler or 1 gulden), Matthias I and Ferdinand II and III (1612-57). KM-10.1, 10.2 and 16. 86.50 grams total. All nice examples, darkly toned (uncleaned) but with all inner details and most

422. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer of legends visible including emperors’ names and mintmark EMB.

P. S-M19; KM-38. 12.35 grams. Good full shield and cross, light surface

corrosion only, silvery from cleaning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $100-$150.

Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #347. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

101


Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador Shield-type

426. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649O), with crown-alone 429. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)650O, with crowned(rare) countermark on cross, encapsulated NGC Genuine / Capitana Shipwreck. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. Round flan with bold

full shield and denomination 8, full but partially weak cross with weak countermark, moderate surface corrosion, toned in crevices. Estimate: $250-$375.

L countermark on cross side. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 20.14 grams.

Choice full shield, bold full date and countermark on other side, nicely toned but somewhat thin from corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

430. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)0O, with crowned427. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(49)O, date at 7 o’clock,

with crowned-L countermark on cross, encapsulated NGC Genuine / Capitana Shipwreck. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. Good full

L countermark on cross, encapsulated NGC Genuine / Capitana Shipwreck. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. Solid and uncorroded

but with flat spots as made, full shield and cross, full countermark. Estimate: $250-$375.

cross with clear countermark, off-center shield with bold full P-O to left, no corrosion, toned on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

431. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)1O, with crowned-L countermark on cross, encapsulated NGC Genuine / Capitana Shipwreck. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-510. Full but partially weak shield

428. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650/49O, crowned-•F• (also slightly doubled) and cross, good full countermark, nicely toned, (4 dots) countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 26.81 grams.

some corrosive wear. Estimate: $250-$375.

Choice specimen with very full and bold date (clear overdate, which is scarce) and other parts of legend bold as well, nice full cross and shield, full P-O and 8-O, some old scratches but no corrosion and nicely toned around details. With generic certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to the original Capitana auction (Ponterio, April 1999), with original lot-tag #187. Estimate: $350-$500.

102

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432. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-

O countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b. 21.29 grams. Broad flan with

good full cross and full countermark, full but doubled shield, much legends, edge-split, thin from corrosion, toned on fields. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

433. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-

L countermark on cross, encapsulated NGC Genuine / Capitana Shipwreck. S-P35; KM-19b. Good full shield and cross on

a solid flan (no corrosion), full king’s name and clear 8-O, nearly full countermark. Estimate: $250-$375.

435. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-(?) countermark on cross.

S-P35; KM-19b. 26.54 grams.

Choice details (full shield and crown and cross), minimal corrosion, nice toning, edge-split. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

436. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E/O, with crowned-O

countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-512. 26.36 grams. Bold E/O and 100% full date, full shield and cross (the latter with countermark in very center), full crown and much legend, no corrosion, toned on fields. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

434. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(50-51)O, with crown-

alone countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b. 22.92 grams. Thin from corrosion (and with large edge-split) but with full shield and cross, 100% full countermark, nicely toned, bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend. Estimate: $200-$300.

437. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with crowned-L

countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 26.45 grams. Very broad

flan with choice full cross and crown and shield, full P-E and 8-E, 100% full date and countermark, practically no corrosion, toned on fields. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

438. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1(651-2)E, with crowned•F• (two dots) countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b. 26.18 grams.

Very bold full countermark on full but weak shield (cross is same way), full PHILIPPVS IIII in legend, minimal surface corrosion, toned on fields. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

103


1652 Transitionals 439. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E Transitional Type V/A. S-P37; KM-A20.5; CT-unl. 27.41 grams. Superb specimen, 100%

corrosion-free and nicely toned, with full and well-struck inner details (no doubling) and also full PHILIPPVS IIII in legend (shield slightly offcenter), very slightly bent. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

440. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1652E Transitional, McLean Type I,

very rare. S-P37. 12.97 grams. Broad flan, uncorroded and lightly toned, with choice full crown and shield, full but partially weak pillars-and-waves with characteristic “4 over 4” for the Type, edge-split and small part of edge bent. With generic certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to the original Capitana auction (Ponterio, April 1999), with original lot-tag #241. Estimate: $1,000-up.

Pillars-and-waves

441. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top.

S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

“Royal-like” specimen with full and even details all over (just not round), amounting to all three dates and mintmarks and assayers being visible, very slightly doubled on the pillars side and with light old scrapes on the cross, also slightly bent, but with nice, contrasting toning on fields. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

434. 26.68 grams.

442. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top.

S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

Good full cross and crown and pillars-and-waves, interestingly with the waves pointing down in center (as for Lima), very slightly doubled, lightly corroded but nicely toned. Pedigreed to the Rob McClung collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

434. 22.48 grams.

104


443. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top, in-

verted A for V in motto. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 21.62 grams. Nice full cross, bold full pillars (well centered), two dates, all three mintmarks and assayers, lightly corroded, nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

446. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P. S-M19; KM-45;

Bold oMP to left and 8 to right of full but weak shield, bottoms of digits of date, corroded cross, toned all over. With original Marex certificate #91-8R-0773 and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #381 Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-360. 24.34 grams.

444. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 18.56 grams. Thin and worn from corrosion but with two

clear dates and other good details. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island Mexico

447. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)55P, “cabo de

barra” flan (rare). S-M19; KM-45; CT-362. 26.85 grams. Full final digit 5 of date and bold full oMP, full but partially weak shield and cross, no corrosion, toned in crevices, but perhaps most interesting feature is the fact that only one side is cut, the rest being the rounded end of the raw “strap” of silver used to make this and other planchets. With Marex tag #91-8R-2071. Estimate: $300-$450.

445. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P. S-M19; KM-45;

Bold full date and denomination, full oMP, full shield and cross, light surface corrosion only, toned in crevices. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-360. 24.43 grams.

448. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 165(?)P. S-M19; KM-45.

26.74 grams. Full 165 of date and oMP, full shield and cross, minimal

corrosion but much flatness, patchy toning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Potosí Shield-Type

449. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crown-alone countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 27.01 grams. Nice

round flan with bold full countermark on full and well-detailed but doubled shield, full P-O and 8-O, full cross, no corrosion but some weak spots and toning. With Marex tag #91-8R-0216 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

105


450. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-L

countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 22.01 grams. Choice

full shield and cross and distinctive crown, 100% full countermark, light corrosion near edge only, toned in crevices. With Marex tag #91-8R-1544 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

453. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1(65)1E, with crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 26.35 grams. Broad flan

with full but slightly doubled shield and cross, full countermark, full 1’s of date, nicely toned and corrosion-free, with hairline edge-split. With Marex tag #91-8R-0168 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

451. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(50)O, date with dots

between digits, with crown-alone (common) countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 25.70 grams. Solid and essentially

uncorroded (also broad flan) but with some weak areas, full cross and shield, bold ornament before date and dot after first 1, low contrast. With Marex tag #91-8R-0550. Estimate: $200-$300.

454. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1651-2)E, with crowned•F• countermark (four dots) on shield. S-P36; KM-19b. 25.38 grams.

Good full countermark on full shield with bold P-E to left, full but corroded cross, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $200-$300.

452. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651O, with crowned-•F•

countermark on shield.

S-P35; KM-19b; CT-510. 24.82 grams. Bold countermark, full but doubled shield, full but partially corroded cross, but best feature is the very bold full date. With Marex tag #91-8R-1275 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

455. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1651-2)E, with crowned-

•F• countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b. 26.83 grams. Broad flan with bold countermark on full shield, full but mostly weak cross, corrosion near edge, mostly nicely toned but some dark spots, small edge-split. With Marex tag #91-8R-1561. Estimate: $200-$300.

Potosí 1652 Transitional

456. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1652E Transitional,

McLean Type I or II, rare. S-P37. 8.90 grams. Full pillars with bold

“4 over 4” but cross side totally corroded away, patchy toning here and there. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia

Potosí Pillars-and-Waves

457. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434.

22.94 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross (all well centered), two dates, three mintmarks, some legend but corroded around edges, with light toning here and there. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

460. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-38. 12.83 grams. Bold full shield and cross but no

peripheral details, corrosion-free and nicely brown-toned in crevices, as is typical for this wreck, accompanied by all the official paperwork that is required to resell coins from this wreck. With original Western Australian Museum certificate #3783 and Status International auction lot-card #5515 from 2005, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #374. Estimate: $350-$500.

“Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel), sunk in 1659 off the east coast of Florida 458. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

Mexico

(Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434.

25.13 grams. Broad flan with several edge-splits, full but doubled pillars

with bold waves, full but partially weak cross, three dates, toned in crevices, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

459. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1653E, PH at top. S-P37a; KM18; CT-740. 11.95 grams. One very bold, full (and fat) pillar (off-center)

with clear date, doubled and corroded cross, patchy toning. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

461. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1657P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-365. 25.71 grams. Interestingly shaped flan with clear date, full oMP,

full shield and cross but with much peripheral flatness, minimal surface corrosion. With State of Florida yellow tag #20,264 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

462. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer D or P. 12.85 grams. Nice specimen with good full shield and cross, full oM, attractively toned, minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

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463. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 5.67 grams. Choice partial cross and shield despite corrosion and flatness. With State of Florida yellow tag #18,933 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

464. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 6.03 grams. Very odd shape, either as made or from pre-sinking

cut, with nice full cross and well-detailed full shield, no corrosion. With State of Florida yellow tag #20,234 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

Lima

465. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales presentation strike, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), very rare. S-L5;

KM-18.1. 27.00 grams. From a handful of choice specimens recovered from this wreck (several of which have gone through our auctions for five figures each), both well preserved and well struck as probably some sort of presentation sample being sent to the king to try to achieve legitimacy for this unauthorized issue, this particular specimen shows the boldest crown-pillars-waves imaginable, with full star-LIMA-1659 in center, •V• to left and (bold) •8• to right, the cross-lions-castles just as choice, both sides slightly off-center with some good legend, unbelievably uncorroded and beautifully toned all over. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

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Potosí

466. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (possibly T/V). 5.17 grams. Full shield and cross (the latter slightly offcenter), clear P-V with possible over-assayer, no corrosion but some spots of dark “horn silver.” With State of Florida yellow tag #21,581 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

470. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a;

Choice full cross, bold PH and one full pillar, two dates, three mintmarks and assayers, very light surface corrosion only, toned in crevices. Recovered by the salvage vessel RV Explorer in 1997, with State of Florida yellow tag #00,048 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-21; CT-438. 25.45 grams.

467. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer not visible,

rare denomination from this wreck. 3.00 grams. Nice full cross, full but corroded shield, darkly toned except for patch on shield. With State of Florida yellow tag #21,493 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

471. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E, PH at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-439. 26.75 grams. Full

pillars-and-waves with very bold PH, nice full cross, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, very light surface corrosion only, toned in crevices. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

468. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434.

25.26 grams. Full cross with clear date, bold 1-PH-6 and second date,

full POTOSÍ in legend due to poor centering, no toning, no corrosion. It is interesting to note that there are several over-punchings in the pillars-side die for this coin, including smaller letters in POTOSÍ and what appears to be a Spanish-style 5 in the date. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

472. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1656E, • at top. S-P37a; KM-21;

CT-441, 444. 24.04 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves (slightly doubled),

good full cross despite surface corrosion, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, tiny edge-splits. With State of Florida yellow tag #19,462 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

469. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, PH at top. S-P37a; 473. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, PH at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-437. 26.08 grams. Non-toned and corrosion-free, with bold full pillars and cross, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers. With State of Florida yellow tag #21,407 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

Solid and uncorroded but with flat spots from crude strike (also some doubling), tiny PH, two clear dates and assayers. With State of Florida yellow tag #22,143 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-21; CT-unl. 26.27 grams.

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474. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-21. 24.27 grams. Decent full pillars-and-waves and most of cross despite moderate

corrosion, light toning in crevices. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of August 1992, with original lot-tag #455. Estimate: $125-$200.

475. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E, PH at top. S-P37a;

Two clear dates, three mintmarks and assayers, full pillars and cross (the latter slightly off-center), no corrosion but some flat spots, toned in crevices. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-18; CT-742. 13.11 grams.

477. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1657E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT749. 13.69 grams. Nice full cross-lions-castles, full but off-center pillars and crown, no contrast but no corrosion. With State of Florida yellow tag #20,109 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

478. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT750. 13.49 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross, two dates and

mintmarks and assayers, no corrosion but low contrast. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

476. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1656E, PH at top. S-P37a; 479. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1655E, PH at top. S-P37a; Choice bold pillars, good full cross, low contrast but no corrosion, two dates, two bold assayers and one bold mintmark, small edge-split. Pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-18; CT-744. 12.80 grams.

Full third date in legend (rare thus) with clear dates inside bold full pillars and below nice full cross, no corrosion (originally struck underweight), with dark encrustation on fields, small edge-split. With State of Florida yellow tag #20,088 and pedigreed to the David Horner collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-16; CT-901. 4.40 grams.

Unidentified ca.-1667 wreck off Sicily, Italy 480. Tassarollo, Italian States, luigino, 1666-A. KM-52.1. 2.08 grams. Choice

full detail on both sides, which consists of a portrait of the ruler’s wife on obverse and three fleurs-de-lis in a crowned shield on the reverse (modeled after a popular French coin of the time), attractively rainbow-toned and corrosion-free. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #617 and certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville Harbor

481. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-343. 24.97 grams.

Very odd-shaped flan with good full waves and full POTOSÍ in legend, good full cross, no corrosion at all, lightly toned fields, small edge-split. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #395. Estimate: $250-$375.

110


482. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-343.

25.52 grams. Full but off-center pillars with 1-1/2 dates on that side,

third date below nice full cross with contrasting toning, minimal corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

483. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669E. 344. 25.72 grams. Broad

S-P37b; KM-26; CT-

flan with good full pillars-and-waves, full but slightly crude cross, light surface corrosion, toned around details. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

486. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345. 24.79 grams. Full four-digit date in legend (rare thus), bold full pillars-

and-waves, weak and lightly corroded cross, darkly toned around details. Pedigreed to our Auction #12 (lot #629). Estimate: $200-$300.

487. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346.

25.60 grams. Nice crown above full pillars-and-waves, off-center and partially flat cross (also slightly doubled), toned all over and practically uncorroded, two dates and two bold mintmarks. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

484. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345. 488. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346. 26.06 grams. Bold date below nearly full cross, clear second date inside

slightly off-center pillars, toned all over, minimal corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

26.11 grams. Full but doubled pillars, two dates and two bold mint-

marks, nearly full crown, minimal surface corrosion, lightly toned. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

485. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345. 489. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346. 27.00 grams. Two bold dates, good cross, full POTO(SI) in legend, no

corrosion but some flatness and minor doubling. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

25.64 grams. Bold full pillars, good full cross, two dates and assayers, toned as usual, light surface corrosion on cross side only. With photocertificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

490. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346. 26.08 grams. Choice full pillars with bold date and mintmark and assayer

(enhanced by black toning in crevices), weak cross but no corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

493. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 167(?)E. S-P37b; KM-26. 19.75

grams. Decent full cross with good castles but heavily corroded all over, with patchy dark toning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

491. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346.

25.81 grams. Bold but doubled full pillars-and-waves, full but peripher-

ally weak cross, edge-splits, darkly toned around details. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #629. Estimate: $200-$300.

494. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1673E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-709. 2.08 grams. Full date in legend due to poor centering, most of cross

nice, two bold mintmarks, no corrosion but several big flat spots, nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

495. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-713.

2.08 grams. Attractive teardrop shape, with two bold dates and nice full cross but light corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #641. Estimate: $150-$225.

492. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-25; CT-494.

12.76 grams. Peripherally flat but with well-centered pillars-and-waves, most of cross, toned but surface-corroded, edge-split. Estimate: $150-$225.

496. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-714.

3.18 grams. Good full cross and pillars, two dates, three assayers, well

centered and uncorroded, also nicely toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #642. Estimate: $150-$225.

Spanish 1681 Fleet off Panama

497. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C, ex-Meylach collec-

tion. S-P38; KM-26; CT-357. 26.74 grams. Solid and virtually corrosion-free but peripherally flat, with bold centers, edge-split, rare provenance. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection (our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #414) and the Thomas Gray collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

112


Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

498. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Charles II, obverse

struck with 8R die (rare). 8.47 grams. Nice full cross and shield, the latter with bold denomination 8 to right, somewhat worn (as usual) but not overly corroded. Estimate: $175-$250.

Aguila Volante, sunk in 1701 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador

501. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1639. KM-72.1. 31.31 grams. Full details on

both sides, no corrosion (VF), lightly toned, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

499. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1692VR, extremely rare

provenance. S-P40; KM-24; CT-623. 5.73 grams. Choice full pillars with complete interior details, nearly full but somewhat crude cross, attractive shape and beautifully toned (minimal surface corrosion), but best aspect is its certified provenance, which is probably the same ca.-1700 wreck off Mar Bravo beach (Punta Santa Elena) that has produced Lima 8R and even Cuzco 2E cobs. With photo-certificate from the conservator (Joel Ruth), and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #651. Estimate: $500-up.

502. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1651. KM-72.1. 30.97 grams. Broad flan with

light surface corrosion but somewhat weak strike and small edge-crack, all details (including legends) still visible. Estimate: $125-$200.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa

503. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1663. KM-72.1. 30.70 grams. Choice specimen on a very broad flan with full details despite minor flatness, no corrosion but some dark areas here and there. Estimate: $175-$250.

500. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1638. KM-72.1. 29.71 grams. Bold full obverse details, the reverse clear but lightly corroded, lightly toned fields with some dark patches here and there. Estimate: $125-$200.

113

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504. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait half ducatoon, Philip IV (young bust), 1636. KM-72.1. 13.30

grams. Nice portrait and some good legend on obverse, the reverse somewhat corroded, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

508. Lot of 2 United Netherlands “rider” ducatoons dated 505. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Brussels mint), portrait

half ducatoon, Philip IV, 1656. KM-72.2. 15.34 grams. Broad flan with full details all over and good toning, minimal surface corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200.

506. Lot of 3 Brabant, Spanish Netherlands, portrait coins: ducatoon, Philip IV, Antwerp mint, 1654; ducatoon, Charles II, date and mint not visible; and half ducatoon, Philip IV, date and mint not visible. 60.68 grams total. All corroded but with

1679, one Westfriesland mint and the other mint not visible.

53.70 grams total. One coin solid (minimal corrosion) with bold full

legends, the other worn and corroded but with some clear details, both lightly toned, the better one with dark streaks. Estimate: $150-$225.

Unidentified ca.-1705 wreck off the northern coast of South America

fairly clear details enhanced by contrasting toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

509. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1696VR.

S-P40; KM-26;

507. Campen, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1679.

Choice full pillars and crown with bold date in legend, decent full cross with date below and bold assayer to right, light surface corrosion (solid flan), toned around details. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #681 and our photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

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CT-382. 25.77 grams.

KM-61.2. 30.95 grams. Full details and only minimally corroded but with distracting dark streaks here and there over light toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

513. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711.

510. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1688VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-373. 20.96 grams. Good full pillars with bold date and assayer, most of cross

visible despite moderate to heavy corrosion, small edge-split. With original certificate from the salvagers and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Internet-Only Auction #1, with original lot-tag #167, also with tag hand-written by Frank Sedwick. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-83.1. 31.67 grams. Choice specimen with only a hint of corrosion, full and bold details, deeply toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $150-$225.

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland 514. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 170(?)H. 11.53 grams. Good full pillars with two bold assayers, bold but off-center and slightly corroded cross, dark all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

511. Flanders, Spanish Netherlands, portrait ducatoon,

Philip IV, 1662.

Solid and uncorroded, with full legends and inner details, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-50. 30.62 grams.

515. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1686R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-673. 1.46

grams. Bold pillars and date, most of cross, thin but not overly corroded, low contrast, tiny edge-split. Estimate: $125-$200.

516. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1688R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-675. 2.15

grams. Two dates, nice cross and pillars, no visible corrosion but low contrast. Estimate: $125-$200.

517. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1706R.

512. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711.

KM-83.1. 31.95 grams. Solid coin with surface corrosion only, full details, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

S-L16; KM-31; CT-1480. 1.60 grams. Good full pillars and cross (the latter off-center) on a smallish (possibly clipped) flan with light corrosion all over, contrastingly toned, three assayers. Pedigreed to the Coin Galleries auction of July, 1994, with lot-tag #2995, and with prior lot tag from England (Dolphin), and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #668. Estimate: $150-$225.

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518. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1665E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-913. 4.11 grams. Thin

and broad (no visible corrosion) with full but interestingly doubled pillars, nearly full cross, some darkness around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

519. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales,

1690VR.

S-P40; KM-24; CT-621. 4.04 grams.

Full pillars-and-waves, full but corroded cross, interesting all-over double-strike, three dates. Estimate: $200-$300.

520. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1327. 5.99 grams.

Bold full pillars and cross with two bold dates, no corrosion but very crude edge (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida Mexico

521. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1713J. S-M22; KM-47;

CT-742. 25.79 grams. Curious shape, solid flan with incomplete but nicely detailed shield, full oM and most of date, nearly full cross, toning here and there. Pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #694. Estimate: $250-$375.

523. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(J). S-M22; KM-

522. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)13(J).

524. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714(J). S-M22; KM-

S-M22; KM-47; CT-742. 22.06 grams. Interesting “long curved” shape, with good

Nice full cross, upper half of shield and most of crown, clear date despite localized corrosion, peripheral flatness, good toning. Pedigreed to our Auction #16, with original lot-tag #364. Estimate: $350-$500.

47; CT-743. 25.67 grams.

shield and clear date but lightly to moderately corroded all over, lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

47; CT-743. 25.36 grams. Bold full 714 of date, part of shield and cross but all the rest (about 75% of the coin) flat as made, with very light surface corrosion and nice toning. Pedigreed to our Auction #16, with original lot-tag #363. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016 116


525. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714J. S-M22; KM-47;

CT-743. 26.04 grams. Well-detailed shield and cross but both off-center with extensive peripheral flatness, clear date, old scratches but minimal surface corrosion, lightly toned. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

526. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714J, ex-Rupe Gates. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 21.55 grams. Good cross, clear date and

oMJ despite light to moderate surface corrosion, some toning. Pedigreed to the collection of Fisher associate Rupe Gates, with original hand-signed Fisher certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

528. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

Elongated shape with bold oMJ, most of shield and cross, minimal corrosion, darkly toned. Estimate: $150$225.

S-M22; KM-47. 26.12 grams.

529. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

S-M22; KM-47. 26.88 grams. Full oM, weak shield and cross due to weak strike but no corrosion to speak of, all lightly toned, interesting shape with one prominent point. Estimate: $125-$200.

527. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715(J), ex-Real

Eight. S-M22; KM-47; CT-744. 24.51 grams. Good cross, weak but certain date, most of coin flat and with some surface corrosion, patchy toning. Pedigreed to our Auction #17, with original lot-tag #505, and with original Real Eight Co. certificate from 1972 and stock certificate for one share. Estimate: $600-$900.

530. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, ex-Rupe Gates. KM-47. 24.99 grams. Oddly oval flan with

round edge and large area of hammering, nearly full shield and cross, very light surface corrosion (actually very solid). Pedigreed to the collection of Fisher associate Rupe Gates, with original hand-signed Fisher certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

531. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 23.93 grams. Nice shield and most of cross, very light surface corrosion only, some dark spots. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) tag #NC84-403. Estimate: $200-$300.

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536. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)713J. S-M22; KM-40; 532. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible.

Very solid and uncorroded, with good centers but peripheries totally flat, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-47. 26.97 grams.

CT-1018. 13.11 grams. Bold mintmark and bottom half of date, most of

cross and shield, no corrosion, toned and with dark orange sediment in crevices. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March 1992, with original lot-tag #1525. Estimate: $200-$300.

537. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)714(J). S-M22; KM40; CT-1019. 13.07 grams. Very bold date, nicely toned, no corrosion but

533. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. KM-47. 26.69 grams. Odd shape (like a fat rabbit in profile),

much flatness, odd-shaped flan with crude edge (as made). With generic Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

very solid and uncorroded but much flatness, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

538. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1714(J). S-M22; KM40; CT-1019. 13.66 grams. Solid flan (no corrosion) with full date due to

off-center strike (the 4 possibly punched over a 3), good cross, nicely toned. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

534. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible.

Odd shape (indescribable), with nearly full crown, most of shield and cross, no corrosion at all, deeply toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-47. 26.53 grams.

539. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV through Philip V, various assayers (where visible). 106.96 grams

total. Mostly solid but some corroded, all with at least partially visible shields and crosses, some with mintmark and/or assayer visible too, one with bent point. With generic certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

540. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer J (visible on all). 110.64 grams total. Mostly solid but

some corroded, all with at least partially visible shields and crosses. With generic certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

541. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V,

assayer J (where visible), uncleaned as found. 130.41 grams total.

535. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

not visible. KM-47. 25.40 grams. Nearly full shield and most of cross clear despite the fact that the coin is uncleaned and encrusted, looks very solid and uncorroded. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $125-$200.

All but three dark, a couple with encrustation, but all solid and with mostly clear shields and crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

542. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V,

assayer J (where visible), uncleaned as found. 129.78 grams total.

All but one dark, a couple with encrustation, all solid with mostly clear shields and crosses, some interesting shapes. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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543. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V,

assayers not visible. 110.79 grams total. All cleaned (some silvery)

Potosí

and most worn from corrosion but all with at least partial shields and crosses. With generic certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

544. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V,

assayers not visible. 109.50 grams total. Mostly solid but a few corroded, one dark, all with at least partial shields and crosses. With generic certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

545. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V,

assayers not visible. 110.59 grams total. Some interesting shapes, most at least somewhat corroded but with crosses and shields in evidence. With generic certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

546. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1709Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-31;

CT-869. 25.32 grams. Full but weak pillars and cross, three bold assayers, light surface corrosion only with minor dark patches. Estimate: $200-$300.

547. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1689/8VR, unique overdate. Nearly full pillars-and-waves with clear date and fairly certain overdate (first we have seen or heard of ), off-center cross, somewhat worn but essentially no corrosion, low contrast. Estimate: $175-$250.

S-P40; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 2.99 grams.

Whydah, sunk in 1717 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts 548. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales,

Philip V, assayer not visible, extremely rare provenance, with original Tyvek museum tag and Barry Clifford certificate. KM-47. 22.74

grams. Good full cross and crown, with light surface corrosion but much flatness (as made), the real attraction being the provenance, with barcoded tag for proof that the coin was officially recovered from the world’s only documented pirate ship to yield quantities of treasure, virtually all of which is still owned by Clifford’s museum, which travels the country and generates millions of dollars in ticket sales. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #706 and original Tyvek museum tag and Barry Clifford certificate #23870. Estimate: $5,000-up.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

549. Lot of 3 Zeeland, United Netherlands, 2 stuivers, 1724, important as

the key to identifying the wreck. KM-59. 3.54 grams total. Toned, lightly corroded but well-detailed small coins (thin) that were the first items recovered from the wreck with the 1724 date and Zeeland mark, thereby identifying the ship as having come from that province in that year (and by extension the name of the wreck). Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #453 and photo-certificates from the salvager (Robert Sténuit). Estimate: $250-$375.

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Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off Runde Island, Norway

550. Promotional set of 12 coins, as follows: 1 Dutch gold ducat (Utrecht mint, 1724), 2 Dutch silver “rider” ducatoons,

3 Mexican cob 8 reales, and 6 Dutch silver 2 stuivers (Holland mint, 1724). 12” x 8-1/2” x 1”. Typical Norwegian promotional set with Mint State ducat and corroded and/or encrusted silver coins, each in its own square depression in the plush green velvet, the case itself clean and unabused. With custom leather case imprinted with EN DEL AV SKATTEN FRA “AKERENDAM” / A PART OF THE “AKERENDAM” TREASURE on top and with color certificate #102. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

551. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. 22.99 grams. Solid, squarish flan with weak details (clear de-

nomination and king’s name) due to strike and light surface corrosion, fully toned (low contrast). Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $125-$200.

552. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

not visible, encrusted (as found). 25.00 grams. Dark brown all over, with patches of white and green adhering to what appear to be only lightly corroded surfaces, very little detail visible. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $125-$200.

553. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)19(J), rare. S-M22; KM-47; CT-747. 12.24 grams. Interesting “bishop’s hat” shape, with most of shield and cross despite light surface corrosion, weak but certain 9 of date. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $150-$225.

120


554. Lot of 2 Spanish Netherlands portrait ducatoons, one Antwerp, Brabant, Philip IV, 1664, the other uncleaned. 53.93 grams total.

The cleaned coin is a broad flan with nearly full details despite moderate surface corrosion (small edge-split) but the uncleaned coin is heavily corroded and somewhat bereft of visible details. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $150-$225.

555. Lot of 6 Holland, Netherlands, 2 stuivers, 1724 (one broken in

two). KM-48. 7.38 grams total. All with clear details and minimal corrosion, one

uncleaned (orange) and one broken, usually found in promotional sets (which is where this lot originally came from). Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #499 and certificate and promotional booklet (formerly part of a set). Estimate: $300-$450.

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada

556. France (mint uncertain), ecu, Louis XV, date not visible. 18.45 grams. Thin and worn from corrosion as usual but with

all details clear except the date, patchy dark toning here and there. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

Sea Horse, sunk in 1728 in the River Plate off Uruguay 557. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare issue

and very rare provenance. S-P43b; KM-35; CT-26. 26.10 grams. Darkly toned but solid and corrosion-free, with bold central details, three dates, very small parts of king’s name and ordinal in legend, very rare wreck that typically yielded small artifacts and not coins. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #454. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

558. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F. S-M27; KM-

Typically well-detailed full shield and cross (the latter highlighted by contrasting toning), but moderately surfacecorroded all over. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #458. Estimate: $400-$600.

48; CT-767. 22.92 grams.

121


Unidentified 1700s wreck in the Wendela, sunk in 1737 off the ShetFlorida Keys land Islands, north of Scotland 559. Lot of 3 cob 8R “biscuits” (totally cocooned in encrusta-

tion). 67.79 grams total. Three gray “biscuits” of thick gray and white encrusted coins, no details visible but at least one of them solid. With certificates #9689-91 from the salvager, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #460. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, Netherlands

562. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, (1)733MF, very rare provenance. S-M28; KM-48; CT-768. 15.18 grams. Well struck

560. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)729R. S-M24; KM-

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England

as usual, with bold date, full crown and shield and cross, oM and 8 and king’s name, but with light surface corrosion all over, but most valuable for its provenance, a very rare wreck that yielded a variety (but not a quantity) of world coins. Pedigreed to the original Sotheby’s auction of November 8, 1973, lot #99, with photocopy of related pages from catalog, and to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #958, and to the Thomas Gray collection and our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #515. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

47a; CT-754. 26.64 grams. Solid

flan with worn but not overly corroded surfaces, nearly full shield and cross, weak but clear date and oMR, some dark toning. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

563. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 172(6-8)D. S-M23a; KM-47. 24.72 grams. Cool rectangular shape with very bold oMD, good

shield and cross, partial date, nice toning, corrosion-free except for small areas of pitting. Estimate: $200-$300.

561. Clump of two Dutch ducatoon “biscuits” (completely cocooned in encrustation). 77.70 grams. The coins about 1/3 offset

relative to each other, both coins thick with crust but possibly solid inside, neat display. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

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564. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

KM-103; CT-778. 25.42 grams. XF details with very light surface corrosion, faint toning around details. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $250-$375.

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Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

565. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-103; CT-787. 25.86 grams. Choice specimen with AU details and even

some luster underneath dark toning, localized areas of light surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $300-$450.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

568. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1721M.

S-L20; KM-34; CT-643.

23.22 grams. Decent centers with clear date and assayer but otherwise

very crude, due to both strike and corroded surfaces. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $200-$300.

569. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1722M, rare. S-L20; KM-33; CT-unl.

10.81 grams. Full pillars and cross, clear date, but all surfaces moderately

566. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-103; CT-790. 24.69 grams. Moderate

surface corrosion and distractingly patchy toning but still sharp details (XF). With tag from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

corroded. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $175-$250.

570. Lot of 3 silver-cob minors of Philip V with partial dates only (1730s): 2R Lima, 1R Lima, and 1/2R Potosí. 8.06 grams total. The 2R is moderately corroded but the 1R and 1/2R are better,

567. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait with decent details overall, just the dates a bit unclear. Pedigreed to the

ducatoon, Philip IV, 1652. KM-72.1. 32.26 grams. Very broad flan with no corrosion but some wear (VF overall), nicely toned all over. Estimate: $175-$250.

Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15). Estimate: $125-$200.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa 571. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1738/7J. KM-5. 13.28 grams. Bold

S-G1; CT-unl. (cf. 957);

date with clear overdate (very scarce), decent globes and shield, minimal corrosion but much weak strike, toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Tilbury, sunk in 1757 off Nova Scotia, Canada Unidentified late-1700s wreck

575. Zeeland, Netherlands, 6 stuivers, 1765. KM-90.2. 3.47 grams. Popular type-coin with ship on one side, darkly toned but only 572. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1749MF, scarce provenance. KM-104.1; CT-324. 23.40 grams. Bold

XF details with hint of luster despite light surface corrosion all over, very faintly toned but with some dark spots, rare and desirable oversized certificate. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #821 and original certificate #48 from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

light surface corrosion, XF details, the unspecified source probably something in the Far East. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lottag #507. Estimate: $60-$90.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Sco- New Orleans tia, Canada

573. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1748MM. KM-104.1; CT-323. 26.62 grams. Choice specimen with no

corrosion, VF+ details, mostly toned (some colors) except for about 2/3 of the shield side. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

576. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

1769MF. KM-105; CT-909. 24.84 grams. XF details with luster (bright from cleaning), light surface corrosion. With hand-signed tag from the salvager. Estimate: $250-$375.

577. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF.

574. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756JM. CT-

315; KM-55.1. 23.83 grams. Bold XF details but lightly corroded, patchy gray and black toning. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lottag #506. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-106.2; CT-933. 24.86 grams. Choice and lustrous, with UNC details, brightly cleaned but starting to tone, appears to be corrosion-free (despite the low weight). With hand-signed tag from the salvager. Estimate: $250-$375.

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578. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. 581. Clump of 5 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Charles

Choice specimen with UNC details, some luster and colorful toning, very light surface corrosion (just in places). With hand-signed tag from the salvager. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-106.2; CT-933. 25.38 grams.

579. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF.

KM-106.2; CT-933. 24.50 grams. Bold XF details, very lightly worn from corrosion and cleaning, part of obverse rim crude. Estimate: $125$200.

III. 112 grams total. A fallen stack of moderately worn and corroded coins, with reverse visible on top and bottom coins, lots of brown toning and green encrustation as uncleaned. Estimate: $300-$450.

582. Clump of 4 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Charles III. 97.69 grams total. Fairly neat stack of moderately worn and cor-

roded coins, with obverse out on top coin and reverse on bottom, lots of brown toning and white/green encrustation (especially on sides) as uncleaned. Estimate: $250-$375.

580. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. Moderately to heavily corroded (top rims worn away) but with clear details, very lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

KM-106.2; CT-933. 21.05 grams.

583. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Charles

III. 69.60 grams total. Stack with top (best) coin offset and showing a well-detailed reverse, the bottom coin same way but corroded and worn, the whole piece cleaned on just one side (the underside brown with green encrustation). Estimate: $200-$300.

584. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Charles III. 67.50 grams total. Irregular stack of what appear to be moderately

corroded coins but nearly all details are obscured by orange and green encrustation, as it is completely uncleaned (as found). Estimate: $200-$300.

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HMS Colossus, sunk in 1798 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

585. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Charles III. 70.14 grams total. Leaning stack of worn and corroded coins but with attractive green and white encrustation as uncleaned (as found). Estimate: $200-$300.

Piedmont, sunk in 1795 off Cornwall, England

588. London, England, copper farthing, George III, 1773,

very rare provenance. Sp-3775; KM-602. 4.27 grams. Rather worn from surface corrosion but with clear details, dark copper color, important as the first (and only) coin we can recall seeing from this wreck, which was famous for carrying the “Hamilton collection” of Etruscan (Greek) vases. With original certificate from the salvager, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #873. Estimate: $150-$225.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Ecuador

586. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-361. 24.59 grams. Full cross and one full pillar (bold waves), parts of king’s

name in legend bold, somewhat weakly struck but not much corrosion, hairline edge-split. Estimate: $200-$300.

Unidentified ca.-1795 wreck off the northern coast of South America

589. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1796IJ.

KM-97;

Bold VF details despite light surface corrosion, attractively toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #4, with lot-tag #586, and to the Thomas Gray collection and our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #588. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-651. 22.38 grams.

Athenienne, sunk in 1806 off Sicily in the Mediterranean 587. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1719M, rare. S-L20; KM-31; CT-unl. 3.24 grams. Off-center pillars with clear date, full but off-center cross,

darkly toned but minimal corrosion, part of a small find that was never fully identified. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #13, with original lot-tag #892 and photo-certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

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590. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III,

1786FM. KM-106.2; CT-939. 24.61 grams. Nicely toned, XF details with very light surface corrosion only, the rims particularly bold. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #591 and certificate from the salvager (Robert Sténuit). Estimate: $250-$375.

126


Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the “1810 wreck,” sunk in 1810 off Ft. Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa Pierce, Florida

591. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1788C. CT-764; 594. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804TH.

KM-432.2. 26.94 grams. AU details with much luster despite localized surface corrosion and dark spots (near rims), choice for this wreck. Estimate: $200-$300.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 southeast of England

KM-109; CT-701. 23.00 grams. Typical moderate surface corrosion but fairly clear details, very lightly toned (some crusty spots), low contrast. With Fisher photo-certificate #22144, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #880. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified early 1800s wreck off Cádiz, Spain

592. Clump of 9 British East India Co. copper X cash,

1808. KM-319. 44.74 grams. Very tight, neat stack of choice coins, the top coin with luster and original color (date side of coin), about half the exterior coated with tan encrustation. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

595. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818JP. CT-486;

Deeply gray-toned all over, clear details (Fine) despite light corrosion, still rather solid. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #528. Estimate: $60-$90.

KM-117.1. 21.63 grams.

593. Lot of 4 British East India Co. copper coins of 1808:

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one XX cash and three X cash. KM-321 and 319. 23.21 grams total.

Choice UNC specimens with no corrosion, the XX cash dark but the X cash with original color and luster, all very common but these with nice pedigree. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), with three promotional certificates. Estimate: $60-$90.

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Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


Unidentified mid-1800s wreck in the S.S. Crescent City, sunk in 1871 off English Channel Cork, Ireland

596. Great Britain (London, England), crown, George IV,

1821, SECUNDO on edge. Sp-3805; KM-680.1. 27.76 grams. Totally

uncorroded but clearly circulated (AVF), attractively toned, largest coin found so far on this unidentified wreck (still being worked). Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #619. Estimate: $150-$225.

599. San Luis Potosí, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales, 1868PS,

rare provenance. KM-377.12. 26.94 grams. Lustrous (polished) AXF with no corrosion at all, a few small cuts and nicks on or near rims, very nice for shipwreck salvage and one of very few coins available from this wreck. Pedigreed to our Auction #6, with lot-tag #676, and with photo-certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #625. Estimate: $175-$250.

Miscellaneous Wrecks

597. Great Britain (London, England), shilling, George III, 1816. Sp-3790; KM-666. 4.84 grams. Heavily worn (Good/Poor) and

scratched, but fully attributable and nicely toned, also no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #529. Estimate: $60-$90.

Luitenant Admiraal Stellingwerf, sunk in 1857 off Singapore / Indonesia

600. Lot of 6 coins from well-known wrecks, as follows: Potosí cob 8R Santa Margarita (1622); Mexico cob 4R “Lucayan Beach wreck” (ca. 1628); Mexico cob 8R Maravillas (1656); Potosí cob 8R Consolación (1681); Mexico cob 8R Vliegenthart (1735); and British East India Co. copper X cash Admiral Gardner (1809). The capsule 5-1/4” x 3-1/4”. All but the Admiral Gardner (which is Mint State) corroded but with enough readable details to attribute the mint, each one typical for its provenance. Each coin with certificate (the Santa Margarita and Maravillas originals from the salvagers), the Admiral Gardner housed in promotional plastic capsule. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

601. Lot of 7 Mexico and Potosí cob 8R (2) and 4R (5) from various wrecks, probably including: “Golden Fleece” (ca. 1550); “Rill Cove” (ca. 1618); Atocha and Santa Margarita (1622); and 1715 Fleet. 64.63 grams total. All unattributed as to

provenance but somewhat recognizable and with clear details, all shieldtype and cleaned except for one dark and uncleaned Charles-Joanna “Late Series.” SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

602. Lot of 5 coins from popular shipwrecks: Mexico cob 8R

from the Concepción (1641); Potosí cob 8R 1678 from the Consolación (1681); Mexico cob 8R from the Joanna (1682); and English East India Co. copper X and XX cash 1808 from the Admiral Gardner (1809). 72.03 grams total. The Concepción coin

598. Guanajuato, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales, 1851PF, is solid and uncorroded (a bit worn and toned), and the two Admiral

very rare provenance. KM-377.8. 25.86 grams. Solid coin (surface corrosion only) with full (VF) details, toned with some big dark patches, common coin but very rare for its very obscure origin, presumably the ship that gave its name to the reef where it sank (the same reef that claimed the famous Geldermalsen of 1752). The ship’s namesake was a Dutch hero in the Anglo-Dutch wars of the mid-1600s. With World Treasure Books certificate. Estimate: $100-up.

Gardner coins are choice and lustrous (original color), but the other two coins are corroded, still with clear details. With certificates, the one from the Consolación hand-signed by Bob “Frogfoot” Weller, who called the wreck “El Salvadore y San José.” SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

128


Mexico Silver Cobs Charles-Joanna, “Early Series”

606. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer G at bottom between pillars. Nesmith 10c; S-M2;

603. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer R at bottom between pillars, motto PLVS in rhomboid panel, encapsulated NGC VF 35. Nesmith-unlisted;

KM-11; CT-106. 6.68 grams. Choice AU specimen with luster (no toning), full details (just a little off-center), the crown above the shield particularly well detailed, no corrosion at all. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Full flan that even shows the borders of dots OUTSIDE the legends, nicely toned, minimal doubling, high points weak but otherwise choice, curious backwards N in legend. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

S-M4; KM-16; CT-72.

607. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Early 604. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer P to right, mintmark M to left (oMo-oPo),

Series,” assayer G at bottom between pillars, ex-Besalú collection. Nesmith 11/11 type; S-M2; KM-17; CT-69. 13.49 grams. Choice AU

with lovely inner details, nearly full legends, hint of luster on fields, attractively toned all over. Pedigreed to the Besalú collection (Heritage auction of May 2008), lot #52199. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

605. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer P to right, mintmark M to left (oMo-oPo).

Nesmith 25a type; S-M4; KM-10; CT-123. 6.48 grams. Choice inner details and

much legend on both sides, AXF with good toning (dark in places). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

motto PLS in rhomboid panel, very rare. Nesmith 23b; S-M4; KMFine with light old scratches, toned all over but particularly on fields, all important details clear, one of very few Early Series 1/2R we have offered. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

6; CT-187. 1.34 grams.

Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

608. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left, king’s name as CHAROLVS. Nesmith 50b; S-M5; KM-18; CT-81. 12.63 grams. Very broad

flan with full details (100% legends), darkly toned XF+, no corrosion. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). Estimate: $350-$500.

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609. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” M to left, A to right, encapsulated NGC AU 55 (rare grade). Nesmith 58 type; S-M6; KM-18; CT-79. Superb full details, well centered and devoid of any doubling, the legends 100%, all lightly toned. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

610. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” A to left, M to right, encapsulated NGC AU 53 (rare grade). Nesmith-62a; S-M6; KM-18; CT-78. Broad flan with choice full de-

613. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 110b

type; S-M10; KM-18; CT-88. 13.00 grams. Broad flan with much legend, nice full inner details, low-contrast XF with minor stains and faint surface granularity. Estimate: $200-$300.

614. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 110b;

S-M10; KM-18; CT-88. 13.21 grams. Much bold legend despite typically uneven peripheries, nice full inner details, VF with staining and darkorange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

tails (100% legends), all darkly toned, well centered and no doubling. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

615. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 110b 611. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left, ex-Pullin.

Nesmith 86a type; S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 13.48 grams. Lustrous AU with rich toning all over, choice full inner details and nearly full legends. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #711. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

type; S-M10; KM-18; CT-88. 13.24 grams. Choice full legends and inner details but with light to moderate surface corrosion, toned fields, VF overall. Estimate: $175-$250.

616. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer R to left, mintmark M to right, rare. Nesmith XF details with light surface corrosion, nice full inner details and most of legends, low contrast. Estimate: $350-$500.

73 type; S-M7; KM-12; CT-124. 6.09 grams.

612. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM to left.

Nesmith 90 typeS-M9a; KM-18; CT-146. 13.29 grams. Broad flan and well struck for the

period (late L), with full inner details and much legend, nicely toned AXF, just parts of the edge a bit crude (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

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617. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left.

Nesmith 85b;

Bold full AXF details (the legends about 75%), minimal surface corrosion, dark encrustation around details (good contrast). Estimate: $175-$250.

S-M9; KM-12; CT-116. 5.97 grams.

621. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer A to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith 56; S-M6; KM-6.5; CT-136. 3.28 grams. Broad, thin flan with superb full details, the

pillars side off-center, richly toned AXF, with possible over-assayer A/G (very rare if so). Estimate: $350-$500.

622. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

618. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith 81 for

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 88a; SM9a; KM-9; CT-146. 3.30 grams. Much bold legend and full inner details, nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $100-$150.

type; S-M9; KM-12; CT-114. 6.85 grams. Broad-flan

AXF with much bold legend and full inner details (just a few weak spots), attractively toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

623. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left.

Nesmith 84b;

Bold inner details and much legend despite diminutive flan, AXF with patchy toning, small edge-split. Estimate: $100-$150. S-M9; KM-9; CT-145. 3.24 grams.

619. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 110;

S-M10; KM-12; CT-121. 6.13 grams. Very

bold full pillars and shield (the latter off-center), much bold legend (especially the CAROLVS), XF with very light surface corrosion, patchy toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

624. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer O to left, mintmark oM to right. Nesmith-104e

type; S-M10; KM-9; CT-148. 3.46 grams. Choice

bold details all over with lovely toning, curious die-crack on obverse, XF+, scarcer variety with O-oM. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #937. Estimate: $175-$250.

620. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left, ex-Mark Bir. Nesmith 48k type; S-M5; KM-9; CT-140. 3.23 grams. Very broad, thin

flan with choice details in VF+ grade, lovely rainbow toning all over. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #729. Estimate: $200-$300.

625. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-108

Broad flan with nearly full legends, the shield side slightly off-center, beautifully rainbow-toned AU-. Estimate: $125-$200. for type; S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.41 grams.

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626. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith 108;

S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.45 grams. High grade (lustrous AU, non-toned)

but crude strike, with some high points weak and legend only on pillars side. Estimate: $100-$150.

630. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left (M-G), motto P-LV-S, king’s name as CHAROLVS. Nesmith-47a; S-M5; KM-6.5;

CT-175. 1.52 grams. Very broad flan but uneven strike, the inner details

full but parts of legends flat, Fine+ with toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

631. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to left, o to right, mintmark M in middle (L-M-o), motto P-LV-S, rare variety. Nesmith-91c type; S-M9a; KM-

6.5; CT-181. 1.51 grams. Bold VF with dark toning for good contrast, full

inner details and most of legends. Estimate: $350-$500.

627. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, 1R, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayers G and O. S-M5, M10; KM-9. 10.10 grams

total. Tone VF-XF with no problems, decent strikes, the G coin with king’s name as CHAROLVS. Estimate: $250-$375.

632. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, o in middle, mintmark M to left (M-o-L), ex-Pullin. Nesmith 83; S-M9; KM-6.5; CT-180 (variant). 1.59

grams. Very broad and thin (and slightly wavy) flan, most details bold,

darkly toned AVF. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #751. Estimate: $250-$375.

628. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, 1R, Charles-Joanna,

633. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

total. One (L to right) rather nice, AVF with doubling and edge-split; one (L to left) crude About Fine with marks and scrapes; and the last one (O/L to left) attractively toned AXF with “horn silver” on pillars side and edge shaved. Estimate: $175-$250.

grams. Nice full details (legends about 90%) with attractively contrasting toning, VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

“Late Series,” assayers L and O/L. S-M9a and M10; KM-9. 8.95 grams

629. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left (M-G), motto PL-V-So, king’s name as CHAROLVS. Nesmith-47; S-M5; KM-6.5; CT-175. 1.48 grams. Broad-flan

Fine with nearly full legends, full inner details, light toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

Series,” assayer L to right, o to left, mintmark oMo in middle (o-oMo-L), motto P-LV-S. Nesmith-87; S-M9a; KM-6.5; CT-179. 1.45

634. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, o to left, mintmark oMo in middle (o-oMo-L), motto P-LV-S. Nesmith-87b; S-M9a; KM-6.5; CT-179. 1.56

grams. AVF with nearly full details but pillars side doubled, toned in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

132


635. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late 640. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM below monogram.

Nesmith 87b; S-M9a; KM-6.5; CT-unlisted. 1.46 grams. Crude VG

toning but much flatness and wear. Estimate: $70-$100.

with deep

Series,” assayer o to left, o in middle, no mintmark (o-o), motto •P-•L-•S. Nesmith-107m; S-M10; KM-6.5; CT-unlisted. 1.53 grams.

Broad-flan AXF with small piece of edge missing, the inner details still quite nice and with much bold legend, attractively toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

636. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer o in middle, mintmark oM to left (oM-o), motto •P-•L-•S, rare variety. Nesmith-107i; S-M10; KM-6.5; CT-186.

1.59 grams. Bold AU- with luster and nearly full details (pillars side

slightly off-center), starting to tone in crevices. Estimate: $500-$750.

641. Mexico City, Mexico, copper 4 maravedís, CharlesJoanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, o to right below K, oMo below I. Nesmith 5a; CT-201. 5.79 grams. Nicely toned VF on a full flan

with a minimum of the usual surface corrosion, a few minor weak spots, above average for the scarce type. Estimate: $300-$450.

637. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Shield-type

Series,” assayer o to right, o in middle, mintmark oM to left (oM-o-o), motto P-LV-S. Nesmith-107 type; S-M10; KM-6.5; CT-185.

1.60 grams. Broad flan with choice full details enhanced by contrasting toning, VF+. Estimate: $400-$600.

638. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late 642. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer F. Series,” assayer o to left, o in middle, no mintmark (o-o), motto •P-•L-•S. Nesmith-107m type; S-M10; KM-6.5; CT-unlisted. 1.69

grams. AXF with luster and patchy dark toning, bold details but edge a bit crude and irregular (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

S-M12; KM-43; CT-154. 27.23 grams. Good full cross and shield, bold full oMF, lightly toned VF+ with peripheral flatness, part of edge crude (as made), small lacuna on reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

639. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer o to left, o in middle, no mintmark (o-o), motto •P-•L-•A. Nesmith-107l; S-M10; KM-6.5; CT-unlisted. 1.47 grams.

Richly toned Fine with full inner details and some legend, slightly off-center pillars side. Estimate: $200-$300.

643. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer F. S-M12; KM-43; CT-154. 27.55 grams. Choice

XF with light rainbow toning all over, superb full shield and cross (with lions indicative of the very end of Philip II), bold oMF, not much legend, hairline edge-split. Estimate: $200-$300.

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644. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer F. S-M12; KM-43;

Choice full inner details and much legend, also nicely toned, but with edge lightly shaved, bold VF overall. Estimate: $125-$200. CT-154. 24.62 grams.

645. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales Royal, Philip III, assayer F, unique (unlisted) variety with GRA-x-TIA in legend. S-M12; KM-unl. (cf. R44.1); CT-unl. (cf. 84). 26.30 grams. Like all Mexican Royals, this coin is imposingly broad and round and even in thickness, an

unmistakable departure from the regular issues, and as a pre-dated Philip III this specimen is among the first Royals made. All the details are full and clear in a solid VF grade with lovely old toning all over that is darker on the fields for good contrast (with possible traces of gildingremoval here and there), typically holed (at bottom, with an attempted hole above it), with unusually aligned axes. A quick glance at Lรกzaro will show that this type (numbers 31-33) is worth $35,000-$50,000; as an unlisted variety, with one of the legend-ornaments (basically a boxy x) splitting the first and second halves of the word GRATIA, this piece should be even more important to the specialist. Estimate: $10,000-up.

134


646. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1611/11F (unique). S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-103. 27.49 grams. Good full shield and cross with very bold full oMF, also with clear date that shows a unique re-positioning of the 11 (decidedly not 1/0, which is known), also full crown but otherwise not much visible in the peripheries, VF with light toning on fields. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

647. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer F. 648. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer KM-44.3. 27.30 grams. Bold

and well-detailed full shield and cross, full oMF, the peripheries totally flat (except for spot of horn silver above the oMF, decidedly NOT a plugged hole despite the fact that it corresponds to the bottom of the cross on the other side), otherwise VF with good contrast. Estimate: $175-$250.

F. KM-44.3. 27.21 grams. Full cross and shield and oMF but peripheries flat, non-toned AVF. Estimate: $175-$250.

649. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)630/29D, rare

(unlisted). S-M18a; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 26.89 grams. Interesting coin with more legend than usual for this crude period, including the bottoms of the digits of the date (first of this overdate we have handled and only the second we have seen), the oMD and 8 and cross and shield all full and well detailed for the grade (AVF), lightly toned with dark patch at bottom of shield. Estimate: $300-$450.

135


650. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D (1630s). S-M18a; KM-45. 27.59 grams. Very bold full shield and oMD,

nearly full cross with distinctive ends, somewhat cupped as usual and flat in peripheries, AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

654. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1662P, rare. S-M19;

KM-45; CT-372. 24.90 grams. Curious rectangular shape, with bold full oMP and clear date, full shield and nearly full cross, uneven rainbow toning, surface corrosion on reverse (probably from a Dutch wreck off Tuban, Indonesia). Estimate: $400-$600.

651. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D.

S-M18a; KM-45. 27.42 grams. Bold full oMD, nearly full shield and cross

with dark, contrasting toning in crevices, round-flan AVF. Estimate: $175-$250.

655. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P.

S-M19; KM-45. 23.83 grams. Crude planchet with uneven thickness and

small piece of edge missing, good full cross and shield and oMP, AVF with light sediment on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

652. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-356. 25.96 grams. Salvaged VF with minimal surface corrosion, nice

toning, bold full date and oMP, clear denomination 8, nearly full shield and most of cross. Estimate: $300-$450.

656. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 27.25 grams. Bold

assayer P, nearly full shield and cross, AVF with peripheral flatness, toning and sediment on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

653. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653(P). S-M19; KM45; CT-358. 26.90 grams. Bold

full date (the peripheries flat otherwise), most of cross and shield, AVF with dark patches (possible salvaged). Estimate: $250-$375.

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Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


661. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)73(G), very

657. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P,

with tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19;

KM-45. 27.50 grams. Typically barrel-shaped flan with good full cross and shield, richly toned Fine+, the chopmarks (about seven) clear and interesting. Estimate: $125-$200.

rare. S-M20; KM-46; CT-273. 26.59 grams. Missing in Calbetó but with appearances in Ponterio and Aureo auctions, this very rare date is fairly clear on this specimen, with most of the 73 in evidence, most of shield and cross and crown clear despite typical weak strike, Fine overall. Estimate: $150-$225.

658. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III

and IV, assayers F and not visible. 76.16 grams total. Good full shields and crosses but peripheries mostly flat, each toned in its own way, two with encrustation, F on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

659. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV,

assayer P (where visible), all with tiny chops and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. 109.90 grams total. All darkly

toned and with clear shields and crosses despite flatness and crude flans, AVF on average for actual wear. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

662. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, with Indonesian countermark on cross side. 27.00 grams. Full shield and cross, Fine with deep, rich toning, countermark with four small v’s in cruciform on reverse that we have seen before but without full attribution. Estimate: $150-$225.

660. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1669G, very rare.

S-M20; KM-46; CT-270. 27.59 grams. We can trace only two reports of this very rare date, one without photo in Calbetó (via Pradeau) and one with questionable date in a 1982 Christensen auction. The 166 on this specimen is clear (bottom two-thirds of each digit visible) but the final 9 is crude and not 100% certain. The assayer G is clear, however (which is very scarce anyway), and the shield and cross are all in evidence (albeit typically weak). Fine overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

663. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1720J, rare, with natural bubble-hole in center. S-M22; KM-47; CT-748. 27.08 grams.

Full and bold date and oMJ, nice cross and part of shield but the rest flat, AVF for wear, but perhaps most interesting feature is a natural bubble-hole in the center. Estimate: $250-$375.

664. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V or Louis I,

assayer D. 26.77 grams. Worn and crude (About Fine) but with clear shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), richly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

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665. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729(R), with large,

natural bubble-hole in center. S-M24; KM-47a; CT-754. 24.91 grams.

Full and bold date, clear denomination and some shield and cross visible despite very weak strike and heavy wear (Good), lightly toned, with fairly substantial bubble-hole in center that is natural but could account for the low weight. Estimate: $150-$225.

666. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer

O below denomination oIIII to right, mintmark oM to left.

Well-detailed XF with lots of bold legend (curiously showing several re-punched letters) and choice full inner details, pockmarks on lower lion and faint surface porosity, light patchy toning. Estimate: $200-$300. S-M11; KM-36; CT-336. 13.12 grams.

667. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer O below denomination oIIII to right, mintmark oM to left.

Broad flan with choice full shield and crown and cross (very well detailed), much legend, AU details but with light surface porosity. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-M11; KM-36; CT-336. 13.06 grams.

669. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-36; CT-335. 12.36 grams.

Lightly rainbow-toned VF with full inner details and much bold legend, including backwards S’s and king’s ordinal II, possibly lightly shaved to account for low weight, Estimate: $200-$300.

670. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-36; CT-335. 6.71 grams. Good

full shield and cross, AXF with peripheral flatness, small edge-split, lightly toned but low contrast. Estimate: $100-$150.

671. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer F below oM mintmark to left, denomination 4 to right. S-M12;

KM-36; CT-329. 13.45 grams. Superb full shield and cross (very well centered and crisply detailed), AU details but with parts of periphery flat and with very light surface corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

672. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1609A, rare. S-M16;

668. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer

O below denomination oIIII to right, mintmark oM to left.

S-M11; KM-36; CT-336. 12.55 grams. Broad but not-quite-round flan with bold legends punctuated with weak spots, choice inner details (very sharp shield and cross), AU with contrasting toning, very light surface porosity. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-37.2; CT-228. 13.44 grams. Clear bottoms of 609 of date, bold denomination 4, full shield and cross, VF but mostly weakly struck. Estimate: $175-$250.

138


673. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III,

assayer A. S-M16; KM-37.2. 13.41 grams. Nearly full shield and cross, clear oMA, toned VF+ with flat peripheries. Estimate: $150-$225.

674. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer F. KM-37.2. 13.78 grams. Broad-flan AU with flat

peripheries but choice full shield and oMF, about half the cross (double-struck), some luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

675. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III and IV,

assayers F, D and not visible. 39.31 grams total. VF on average with generally nice crosses and shields, all well toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

678. Lot of 15 Mexican cob minors (one 4R, two 2R and twelve 1/2R), Philip IV through Philip V. 42.39 grams. VG on average, mostly well worn or just rather weakly struck to begin with, yet all with identifiable details and toned, only one or two with corrosion. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

676. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV,

assayers not visible. 26.24 grams total. Both crudely struck and darkly

toned, no better than VG, one with chopmarks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient (also with green encrustation). Estimate: $125-$200.

677. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer J,

denomination “8�, rare. 13.18 grams. Worn (VG) but with clear

shield and cross and oMJ and (most notably) denomination 8, lightly toned on fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

679. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to right. S-M11; KM-31; CT-503. 5.97 grams. Full shield and cross but much cruder than usual for this era (flat peripheries too), VF+ with darkly toned fields, light surface corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200.

680. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer F. KM-32.2. 6.55 grams. Richly

toned XF with good full shield and cross, deep rainbow toning, small edge-split. Estimate: $100-$150.

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681. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IIIV, assayers F and not visible, including one contemporary counterfeit (rare). 39.59 grams total. Generally good shields and

crosses, F-VF on average, mostly toned, one with chip in edge (possibly as made), the counterfeit with close-but-not-quite details. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

686. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1R: Philip II, assayers

O (2) and F; Philip V, assayer not visible. 10.48 grams total. A

682. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer O variety from two different periods, Fine+ on average but two salvaged

to right. S-M11; KM-26; CT-643. 3.32 grams. Richly old-toned VF+ with

nice full shield and cross, nearly full crown, bold oM to left and O to right, much legend (including king’s ordinal II). Pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #662. Estimate: $100-$150.

683. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer F below mintmark 8-M (instead of oM) to left, quadrants of cross transposed, rare. S-M12; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 3.42 grams. Choice full shield and cross with lions and castles transposed, clear mintmarkassayer with 8 for o, first example we have seen with these two errors, AU-, starting to tone. Estimate: $100-$150.

(the Philip V piece probably 1715 Fleet). Estimate: $200-$300.

687. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1716J. S-M22;

KM-unl; CT-unl. 1.72 grams. Deeply toned AVF with typically full and bold details but last digit of date slightly weak (possibly 7/6 or some other overdate), holed twice (top and bottom). Estimate: $400-$600.

684. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1R, Philip II, assayer O to left, mintmark oM to right. S-M11; KM-26; CT-644. 6.38 grams total. Decent VF, one more toned than the other, both with full shields

and crosses. Estimate: $125-$200.

688. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1722J. S-M22;

685. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer P.

KM-28. 3.24 grams. Bold oMP, nice full cross and nearly full shield, deeply old-toned AVF. Estimate: $60-$90.

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016

KM-unl; CT-1810. 1.48 grams. Richly toned VF with hole to right of cross, light old scratches above denomination. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, lot #626. Estimate: $500-$750.

689. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real,

1731/0(F), rare. S-M26; KM-unl.; CT-1845. 1.69 grams. Very bold full date (and clear overdate)

due to poor centering, most of cross, nicely toned VF+ with small dark patch below crown. Estimate: $90-$135.

140


690. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, 1732(F). S-M26; KM-24a. 1.60 grams. Full 17 and 2 of date, plus full

crown and oM, full but weaker cross, XF with light toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

Klippes

691. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 4 reales, 1733MF. S-M28; KM-41; CT-1036. 12.95 grams. Typically choice full shield and crown and cross but also bold full date and MF, at-

tractively toned VF with typical hole (yet in an odd place, bottom left of shield / bottom right of cross), much scarcer than its 8R counterpart (and made in just these two denominations). Estimate: $600-$900.

Lima Silver Cobs Early Pillars Type

692. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, motto PL-VSVL-TR, legends HISPA / NIARVM, Sellschopp

and Grunthal-Sellschopp Plate Coin. S-L1; KM-unl. 6.51 grams. Very choice specimen with bold full XF details and lovely old toning, tiny bit of doubling in shield but otherwise as nice as they come, with a superb pedigree to boot! Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection (Swiss Bank Corp. auction of September 1988, lot #6) and Plate Coin #5 in Sellschopp’s Las acuñaciones de las cecas de Lima, La Plata y Potosí (1971) and Plate Coin #4 Grunthal-Sellschopp’s Coinage of Peru (1978). Estimate: $800-$1,200.

693. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, motto PL-VSV-TR, legends HISPAN / NIARVM with upside-down A in INDIARVM. S-L1; KM-8; CT-479. 5.45 grams.

Bold full legends and choice inner details, nice toning all over, effectively AU but with light surface corrosion, unique error in legend. Estimate: $600-$900.

694. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, motto PL-VSV-LT, legends HISPA / NIARVM. S-L1; KM-

8; CT-481. 6.00 grams. Super-broad flan with 100% full legends and excellent inner details, nicely toned XF, very light surface porosity. Estimate: $600-$900.

695. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to right, motto PL-VSV-TR, legends HISPA / NIARVM. S-L1;

KM-8; CT-484. 6.26 grams. Somewhat crude for the issue but with all inner

details and most of legends bold, very scarce issue with assayer-mark to right, toned Fine+. Estimate: $500-$750.

141


696. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, motto P-LVS-V, legends HISPA / NIARVM.

S-L1; KM-6;

701. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, 1/2R, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left. S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 2.13 grams total. Both thin from corrosion but with clear details, VG overall, one toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

Choice full shield with bold assayer-mark R, full but doubled pillars, some legend, XF with dark toning around details, expertly plugged hole at top right of shield / top left of pillars (aligned axes). Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-630. 3.17 grams.

702. Quarter cut of a Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left. S-L1. 0.54 gram. Fascinating piece (first example 697. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, motto P-LVS-V, legends HISPA / NIARVM. S-L1; KM-6; CT-630.

2.86 grams. Nice full inner details and legends, attractively toned XF,

we have seen) that was effectively a “1/8 real” in its time (albeit a little heavier than an exact quarter cut should be, i.e., 0.43 gram or thereabouts), with most details clear in the space allotted, toned AVF overall. Estimate: $100-$150.

the pillars side slightly off-center and with very light surface porosity all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

698. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to

left, legends HISP / IARVM. S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.27 grams. Good full details (including legends) on both sides, nicely toned VF+, minor surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

703. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, rare. S-L1; KM-1; CT-761. 0.77 gram. Choice, bold, 100% full

legends (rare thus, as most are clipped or broken or corroded down), also with both crowns but the centers a bit weak (as made), toned VF overall. Pedigreed to our Auction #7, lot #921. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

699. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, legends HISPAN / IARVM.

S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.63 grams.

High grade (lustrous AU-) but with weak strike in centers and light surface corrosion, nearly full legends, starting to tone. Estimate: $100-$150.

Shield-type

700. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left, legends HISPAN / IARVM.

S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.49 grams.

Fine with full interior data and some legend, toned around details, two small holes. Estimate: $100-$150.

704. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 (flat top) to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-147.

27.32 grams. Big flan with nice full shield and cross (both well detailed),

nearly full legends, lightly toned XF with minor doubling. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

142


705. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 709. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-4 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-318. 13.23 grams.

Very broad flan (perfectly round) with full legends and nice inner details, VF with green spots and light surface porosity. Estimate: $300-$450.

Torre, P-ii to left, *-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-489. 6.69 grams.

Broad flan with good full cross and shield despite surface corrosion and spots of dark toning and light encrustation, VF overall. Estimate: $125-$200.

710. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 706. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P•D to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.38 grams. Bold Torre, P-4 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-318. 13.52 grams.

Broad, round flan with full legends and inner details, AXF with dark patch in center of reverse, minor doubling. Estimate: $250-$375.

full legends, full but weaker inner details, richly toned AXF, very light surface porosity. Estimate: $200-$300.

711. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 707. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-4 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-318. 12.43 grams.

Lightly corroded AXF with brown toning all over, good full shield and cross and most of legends. Estimate: $150-$225.

Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.85 grams.

Very broad flan with some bold legend, full inner details (the P-oD particularly prominent), AXF with very light surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

712. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 708. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de

la Torre, P-ii to left, oD-* to right, encapsulated NGC XF 45. S-L4; KM-9; CT-490. 6.82 grams. Full inner details and much legend,

Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.59 grams.

Good full cross and shield despite light surface porosity, some bold legend, dark toning around details. Estimate: $125-$200.

lightly toned all over, the features somewhat weak due to strike and light surface corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

143


713. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer

Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 16.20 grams total. All with light surface corrosion but nicely detailed

as usual, VF-XF, one with attractively contrasting toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

714. Lot of 6 Lima, Peru, cob minors (two 2R, three 1R and

one 1/4R) of Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre. S-L4. 19.39

718. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P to left, •D to right, */x below monogram (very rare). S-L4. 1.38 grams. Full monogram with very bold P to left and

*/x below (logically the first issue after assayer X), also crown above, the cross full too but with weak spot, toned VF with surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

grams total. One 2R is holed and the other is corroded; the three 1R are nice, with good shields and crosses; and the 1/2R shows a good castle and lion but is slightly bent; overall VF or so. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

719. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de

la Torre, •D to left, * to right of monogram.

S-L4; KM-5. 1.60 grams. Superb full cross, the monogram full and well detailed too but

somewhat doubled, good full crown and much legend, toned AU-. Estimate: $150-$225.

715. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, (*-I) to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.27 grams. XF with full shield and cross, nice full crown, low contrast and with traces of porosity and “horn silver.” Estimate: $100-$150.

720. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD to left, * to right of monogram. S-L4; KM-5. 1.75 grams. Full inner details and much legend but all a bit double-struck, lightly toned XF. Estimate: $75-$110.

716. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, *-I to left, P-(oD) to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.23 grams.

AU details but with weak area on both sides and light surface porosity, some bold legend. Estimate: $90-$135.

717. Lot of 10 Lima, Peru, cob 1R, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, various varieties. S-L4. 28.11 grams total. Some salvaged

(thin), one holed, F-VF details on average, a few toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

721. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, Philip II, assayer Diego

Watch and bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

de la Torre, various varieties. S-L4; KM-5. 5.56 grams total. VF-XF, all but one on very broad flans, nearly full details, some salvaged. Estimate: $250-$375.

144


722. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD to left, * to right. S-L4; KM-5. 3.19 grams. Both broad-flan VF with bold details but holed near edge, also nicely toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

726. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-P flanking castle, * to right of lion. S-L4; KM-2. 0.70

gram. Unevenly struck AU with tops of castle and lion bold (the latter slightly doubled), nicely toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #4, lot #670. Estimate: $200-$300.

723. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, *-P flanking castle, * to right of lion. S-L4; KM-2. 0.77 gram.

Choice XF with full inner details and even some legend, attractively toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

727. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, oD-* flanking castle, ex-Mark Bir. S-L4; KM-2. 0.55 gram.

VF with full inner details and much legend, nice toning. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and our Auction #7, lot #952. Estimate: $200-$300.

724. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de

la Torre, oD-P flanking castle, * to right of lion.

S-L4; KM-2.

0.46 gram. Bold full castle and lion, tiny bits of legend, nicely toned

VF with traces of porosity. Pedigreed to our Auction #13, lot #1082. Estimate: $200-$300.

728. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-* flanking castle, ex-Mark Bir. S-L4; KM-2. 0.72 gram.

Choice bold lion but castle weak, some bold legend, mostly toned, VF. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and our Auction #7, lot #953. Estimate: $200-$300.

725. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, I-* flanking castle, oD-* flanking lion, rare. S-L4; KM-2.

0.71 gram. Broad flan with much bold legend, full castle and lion (the

latter slightly off-center), clearly the rare variety with I to left of castle but previously mis-described as P-*, darkly toned AXF with minor surface porosity. Pedigreed to our Auction #11, lot #694. Estimate: $200-$300.

729. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, * to right of castle. S-L4; KM-2. 0.61 gram. Choice full lion and castle and some bold legend, nicely toned XF. Estimate: $150-$225.

730. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, cob 1/4R, Philip II, assayer Diego

de la Torre, various varieties. S-L4; KM-2. 2.20 grams total. All salvaged but decent, one with particularly bold details set off with dark toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

145


“Star of Lima” type

731. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, “Star of Lima” type, 1660V (Series III), encapsulated NGC VF 25, very rare.

S-L5; KM-18.2; CT-266. 27.2 grams. Full but typically double-struck inner details (pillars with PLVS / • star

• / VLTRA above date inside, denomination-assayer 8-V to either side) but no legends visible, nicely toned all over, minor edge-split, far rarer than the 1659 in this brief and famously unauthorized mintage. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

732. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1659V, star above LIMA (Series IA), rare.

Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross but both slightly off-center and surrounded by flatness, nicely toned VF overall. Estimate: $500-$750.

S-L5; KM-15; CT-989. 3.58 grams.

Pillars-and-waves

733. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-23; CT-446. 12.96 grams. Full but doubled cross, nearly full but off-center pillars, two

bold assayers, two dates and mintmarks, AXF with light toning around details. Estimate: $350-$500.

734. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1718M.

S-L20; KM-33; CT-unl.

13.53 grams. Fine with weak areas, nearly full pillars-and-waves and

cross, toned fields, two dates and mintmarks. Estimate: $300-$450.

146


735. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1739V. S-L22; KM-33A; CT-unl. 12.17 grams. Good full cross, well-centered pillars with bold denomination,

assayer and date, VF with light toning and minimal corrosion as probably from the Princess Louisa (1743). Estimate: $300-$450.

736. Lot of 7 Lima, Peru, cob minors (two 2R and five 1/2R), Philip IV through Philip V, various dates. 17.86 grams total.

Some worn and some corroded (one 1/2R holed), Fine on average overall, most at least lightly toned, one of the 2R showing clear date 1728 and some of the 1/2R dated too (full 726 on one), also one of the 1/2R of the “Star of Lima” type of 1659 (rare). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

740. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1718M, rare. S-L20; KMR32; CT-1183. 5.92 grams. Choice full cross and full pillars-and-waves, a

737. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1684V, encapsulated NGC XF

bit worn (Fine+) but evenly struck as expected for a Royal, perfectly round but slightly underweight (possibly shaved), with plugged hole below cross, two dates and assayers, three mintmarks, nicely toned. Also noteworthy is a very clear backwards N in the legend. Pedigreed to the Heritage auction of January 2004 (lot #13587). Estimate: $900-$1,350.

45. S-L6; KM-21; CT-558. 7.90 grams. Full pillars but crudely doubled cross, lustrous and technically AU but net-graded for areas of flat strike, two dates and mintmarks and assayers, desirable first date of issue. Estimate: $300-$450.

738. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1688R. S-L7; KM-21; CT-561a. 6.95

grams. Full pillars and choice full waves, good full cross, two bold dates, three assayers, lightly toned AXF with large dark patch outside cross. Estimate: $250-$375.

741. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1720M, rare, ex-

739. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1691(R).

S-L9; KM-21; CT-564.

6.11 grams. Choice full crown above full pillars, nearly full cross, two

bold dates, AXF with peripheral flatness, somewhat interesting shape. Estimate: $150-$225.

Christensen. S-L20; KM-unl; CT-unl. 6.53 grams. Very broad flan with 100% full inner details (evenly struck) and much legend (including king’s name, due to off-center cross), two dates (both with some repunching that Christensen erroneously called “20/19”), two assayers, three mintmarks, richly old-toned AXF with small hole to right of cross. Pedigreed to the Christensen auction of January 1974, with original lot-tag #1238, and to the SpinkAmerica auction of December 1995, lot #2302. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

147


745. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales: 1686R, 1723M and

1728N. 19.15 grams. Typical specimens with clear dates and assayers but somewhat crude strike, mostly toned, AVF on average. Estimate: $350-$500.

742. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1723M, rare. S-L20; KM-unl;

CT-unl. 5.91 grams. Deeply

toned Fine with some weak areas but even in thickness and almost perfectly round, the cross slightly off-center, with some light scratches near edge that are probably hiding a plugged hole below the cross. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

746. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales: 1739V, 1742V, 743. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1731N. S-L21; KM-32a; CT-1220.

1748(V) and date not visible. 24.48 grams total. All worn (F on average) but with generally clear crosses and pillars, all lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

6.36 grams. Bold full cross and pillars but both slightly off-center and with flat peripheries, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

747. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1684V.

S-L6; KM-20; CT-671. 2.88 grams. Nice full cross and pillars, toned VF with two dates, edge-split,

desirable first date of issue. Estimate: $70-$100.

744. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1732N, very rare. S-L21;

Choice full inner details, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, bold VF+ with contrasting toning over lightly gilt fields, holed to left of cross. Pedigreed to the Santa Rosa de Lima collection (our Auction #18, lot #580). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

KM-unl. (cf. R32); CT-unl. 6.55 grams.

748. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1684+85V, unique. S-L6. 2.16 grams.

Broad, thin flan with good full cross and pillars, two mintmarks and assayers and dates, unique as showing (16)84 on the cross side and (16)85 on the pillars side (first we have seen or heard of ), AXF with traces of luster and dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $100-up.

148


749. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1686R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-673. 2.68 grams. Choice full cross, full but off-center pillars with bold date, AVF

with deeply toned fields. Estimate: $60-$90.

754. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1707H. S-L17; KM-31; CT-1482. 2.55

grams. Broad flan with three bold dates (rare thus), full pillars-and-

waves and off-center cross, richly old-toned XF. Estimate: $100-$150.

750. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1687R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-674. 2.73

grams. Good full pillars and nearly full cross, two bold dates and mintmarks, VF with lovely toning all over. Estimate: $75-$110.

755. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1751/0R, struck from 2R dies 751. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1696H. S-L13; KM-20; CT-687. 2.46 (unique error). S-L23; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 2.58 grams. Bold strike in high

grams. Full pillars and full but off-center cross, two full dates, toned VF with long dark patch near edge on cross side, odd shape. Estimate: $70-$100.

grade (lightly toned AU-) with clearly oversized details for the flan (which is decidedly not just “cut down” because the thickness is for a 1R too) and an obvious denomination “2,” the overdate also quite clear, a fascinating coin from a period in which all kinds of mistakes were occurring at this mint. Estimate: $100-up.

756. Lot of 12 Lima, Peru, cob 1R: 1688R, 1698H, 1699R, 1705H (2), 1707H, 1712M, 1718M, 1725M, 1728(N), 1731N and date not visible. 33.57 grams total. Fine on average, 752. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1698H. S-L13; KM-20; CT-689. 3.23

mostly nicely toned and with decent crosses and pillars, most with clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, toned AXF with patches

of green encrustation. Estimate: $70-$100.

757. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, small silver cobs: 1R 1709/8M (rare) and 1/2R 1708. 4.60 grams total. Both VF, the 1R with nice full cross and pillars but holed near edge, and the 1/2R with full monogram and date and cross, both lightly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

758. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1684. S-L6; KM-22; CT-785. 1.34 753. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real Royal, 1706R, rare. S-L16; KM-unl.;

CT-unl. 1.78 grams. Full inner details (the peripheries shaved off) and evenly struck as expected for a Royal, with two bold dates, the one on the pillars side clearly showing 6/6 with the original 6 curiously over-punched by the pillar, toned AXF with hole at left end of cross. Estimate: $500-$750.

grams. Bold monogram and date (desirable first year) struck off-center enough to show full LIMA in legend, the full cross slightly off-center too, low-contrast XF. Estimate: $75-$110.

149


759. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, 1685. S-L7; KM-22; CT-786.

2.95 grams total. One high grade (AU) and broad flan, with full monogram and cross, the other AVF with two monogram-side dates (scarce thus) and toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

763. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R of Philip V: 1717, 1726, 1732 and 1744. 6.49 grams total. Toned VF-XF with generally bold details, clear dates. Estimate: $250-$375.

760. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, 1725, Louis I, rare. SL20a; KM-A39; CT-52. 5.21 grams total. F-VF, mostly nicely toned, all with

clear monograms and dates and decent crosses, each a worthwhile coin on its own, very rare to see four of them at the same time. Estimate: $350-$500.

761. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, Charles II (date not visible) and 1737. 2.74 grams total. The 1737 is the better coin, with full

monogram and two bold dates, VF+ and nicely toned, the earlier coin also toned but only Fine and with off-center strike. Estimate: $60-$90.

764. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R of Ferdinand VI: 1747 and 1749. 3.40 grams total. Bold dates (rare in this period), the 1747

with clear assayer V to right of cross, VF, lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

765. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R of Ferdinand VI: 1750R

and 1751R. 3.62 grams total. Bold full monograms and clear dates (rare), lightly toned XF. Estimate: $150-$225.

762. Lot of 15 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R of Philip V: 170(?), 766. Large lot of 43 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, various kings 1705, 1711, 1713, 1714/3 (2), 1724, 173(?), 1740, 1742V (2), 1744V (3) and 1746. 21.78 grams total. F-VF on average, all with

dates and monograms and crosses visible (some bold), mostly toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

and dates (where visible). 52.68 grams total. Some salvaged and/ or encrusted (but no holes), all with at least partial monograms and crosses and many with clear dates (also some Louis I), Fine on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

150


151


Potosí Silver Cobs Shield-type

767. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd

period). “Great Module.” S-P6; KM-5.1. 27.41 grams. Typically huge flan showing the borders BEYOND the legends and crown, choice full inner details, toned XF with hole at top (axes aligned). From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $350-$500.

768. Potosí, Bolivia, cob

8 reales, Philip II, assayer C under erasure, very rare.

S-P5; KM-5.1. 27.35 grams. Perfectly round flan with choice full shield, full crown and cross, much bold legend, also full denomination o-VIII, but rarity and value come from the clear P-erasure-C that seems to be slightly different on each coin and therefore worthy of study by the experts to see just what was erased (probably B/L), an issue that was attributed to La Plata until new research in 1988. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

769. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (early

3rd period). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 26.86 grams. Broad-flan AVF with

much legend and full but partially weak interiors, low contrast, with fresh scratches near edge on reverse. Estimate: $300-$450.

770. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

period). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 26.79 grams. Well-struck XF with beautiful rich toning all over, the shield and cross (slightly doubled at bottom) particularly choice, with small hole near top of cross. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

152


771. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer A, denomination as “o-VIIII”. S-P11; KM-5.1; CT-157. 27.41 grams. Very

choice specimen of an interesting and well-studied error showing four I’s in the denomination, with full inner details (the cross slightly doubled) and nearly full legends, lightly toned XF+ with traces of luster. Pedigreed to the Schulman auction of February 1972, lot #276. Estimate: $300-$450.

774. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer RL,

ex-Americas collection.

S-P13; KM-5.1; CT-159. 27.00 grams. Richly old-toned XF with choice full shield and cross, bold P-RL and much legend, tiny edge-split. Pedigreed to the Americas collection (Kagin’s, August 1983), lot #1108. Estimate: $250-$375.

775. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period). S-P14. 26.61 grams. Crude flan with thick edge, full but par-

772. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11; tially weak shield and cross, bold P-B, the obverse border composed KM-5.1; CT-157. 27.23 grams. Bold assayer, nice full shield and cross (the

latter slightly doubled), richly toned AXF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

of pearl-like dots, AVF with toning in places. Estimate: $125-$200.

776. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th 773. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer not vis- period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 26.62 grams. Choice full crown ible (possibly A or A/B). KM-5.1. 27.84 grams. Good full shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), XF with light toning in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225.

and shield (doubled) and cross, XF+ with hint of luster and toning, bold assayer and denomination. Estimate: $250-$375.

777. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 27.31 grams. Richly old-toned AXF with choice full shield and cross, bold P-B and denomination, full king’s name and lack of ordinal (very close in time and style to the Philip III issue). Estimate: $200-$300.

153


782. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R 778. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th (curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 24.99 grams. Choice full shield

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 26.73 grams. Strangely flat flan with weak centers but bold legends and crown, deeply toned VF, the borders of x’s particularly prominent. Estimate: $200-$300.

and cross on a slightly crude flan (as made), XF+ with toning, hint of surface porosity. Estimate: $200-$300.

779. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th 783. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-5.5. 25.23 grams. Choice full crown and shield and cross on an uneven flan, AVF with toned fields, lightly shaved around edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

780. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.79 grams. Choice grade (lustrous AU) but crudely double-struck, the shield and cross still full and the assayer bold, starting to tone. Estimate: $200-$300.

B (various periods). 156.00 grams total. Some salvaged with light

surface corrosion and silvery color from cleaning but all with nearly full shields and crosses, VF on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

784. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

781. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer B, rare

(curved leg), ex-Karon. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 27.23 grams. Relatively small, thick flan with choice full shield and bold P-R, full cross-andtressure, beautifully toned XF. Pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio auction of March 1990), lot #29. Estimate: $200-$300.

with king’s ordinal visible. S-P14a; KM-10; CT-121. 20.76 grams. De-

spite the moderate to heavy surface corrosion (as probably from the Atocha or Santa Margarita of 1622), this coin is attractive and quite important, as it shows full inner details (cross-and-tressure, shield and P-B) and a very clear king’s ordinal III, also nicely toned (XF details). Estimate: $175-$250.

154

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788. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17;

785. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 27.12 grams. Broad flan with crude

KM-10; CT-124. 26.59 grams. Small, thick flan with nice full shield and cross, full assayer, richly toned VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

edge (as made), bold P-R, good full shield and cross, clear king’s ordinal III, richly old-toned VF+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

789. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 reales, Philip III assayer Q, with

“1619” date tooled into legend on reverse. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124.

26.71 grams. Choice full shield with bold denomination and P-Q, the

786. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 26.76 grams. Very broad flan with 100% full PHILIPVS

cross also full and choice but double-struck, VF with rich toning all over, the fantasy date engraved into reverse legend long ago (assayer Q operated 1613-1616). Estimate: $100-$150.

III, full but partially weak shield and cross, toned VF+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

790. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M. S-P18; KM-10; CT-123. 27.07 grams. Bold P•M, full but doubled shield and cross,

787. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17;

KM-10; CT-124. 25.77 grams. Smallish, odd-shaped flan (possibly lightly

clipped in one place), with choice full cross and shield and crown, full P-Q, richly toned VF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

toned VF, with enough legend to tell it was made before the date was incorporated into the design in 1617. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

791. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M. S-P18;

KM-10; CT-123. 27.08 grams. Bold P•M, choice full crown and shield and cross-and-tressure, richly toned VF, clear REX in legend to show it was made before the date was incorporated into the design in 1617. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

155


792. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)17M. S-P19; KM-10; CT-

Full but crudely doubled shield (with dark patch at top left), full crown above, the cross rather nice and full with bold 7 of date at top (also nicely toned on that side), VF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300. 129. 27.27 grams.

795. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(1)9T, quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21; KM-10; CT-134. 26.97 grams. Good full shield, nearly full cross, some weak spots due to uneven flan, clear P+T, toned AVF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

793. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617(M). S-P19; KM-10; CT-129.

27.00 grams. Despite minor doubling, both the shield and cross-andtressure and impressively bold and full, with contrasting toning, XF. Estimate: $200-$300.

796. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T). S-P21; KM-10; CT-133.

27.27 grams. Oddly oblong flan with good full shield and cross, bold crown, very clear date, AXF with spots of dark “horn silver” near edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

794. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618T. S-P21; KM-10. 27.12

grams. Full cross-and-tressure with nearly full date, full but doubled shield with natural lacuna, clear PxT and denomination 8, full king’s name as PHYLPVS III in legend, non-toned XF. Estimate: $200-$300.

797. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619T. S-P21; KM-10; CT-133.

27.14 grams. Very bold date outside full but partially weak cross, full

shield and nearly full crown, clear P+T and denomination o-VIII, low-contrast AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

798. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619T. S-P21; KM-10; CT-133. 27.19 grams. Full cross and shield and nearly full crown, clear bottom

half of date, some weak spots but AVF overall, toned on fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

156


799. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T). S-P21; KM-10; CT-

Very clear full date, full but somewhat weak shield and cross, non-toned AVF with minor surface corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

133. 26.62 grams.

800. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T (ca.

1620). S-P21; KM-10. 27.27 grams. Very odd shape (indescribable), with

full shield and cross, most of crown, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

801. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621T, date as “I6ZZI”, quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21; KM-10. 27.07 grams. Choice full shield and (slightly off-center) cross, bold date (the “22” from double-striking), deeply toned XF with a few dark spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

802. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assay-

ers Q, M and T (where visible). KM-10. 270.05 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, mostly toned (one partially encrusted), about half with clear assayers, some interesting shapes, AVF on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

803. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)622, assayer not visible

(T or P), lions and castles transposed in both shield and cross, rare. KM-19. 27.17 grams. Very bold date (quite rare thus), full but

somewhat crude shield and cross (with “flat” lions, per Paoletti-164) due to doubling, most of crown, VF with toning in crevices only. Estimate: $500-$750.

804. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)22T, lions and castles

transposed in both shield and cross, rare. S-P21a; KM-19; CT-456.

27.01 grams. Clear 22 of date (rare thus), choice full shield and cross (the

latter with “standing” lions as opposed to the “flat” lions in the previous lot), full P+T, VF+ with light toning on fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

805. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)ZIII (1623), assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, very rare. S-P22a; KM-19; CT-459.

26.93 grams. Very bold full ZIII of date, full but partially weak cross

(with “flat” lions), nice full shield, bold assayer and king’s ordinal III, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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157


806. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer •P (early 809. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629T, fine-dot borders, Broad flan with good full shield, bold P•P and denomination o-VIII, the cross also full but much weaker and less toned, AVF overall. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

1620s), quadrants of cross transposed. S-P23; KM-19. 26.67 grams.

denomination 8. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 26.60 grams. Choice full shield and cross-and-tressure with COMPLETE borders on both sides, clear date and assayer, XF with toning in crevices only. Estimate: $250-$375.

807. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, assayer P (early 1620s),

810. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (ca.

quadrants of cross transposed.

Good crown, full but partially flat and slightly doubled shield and cross, clear P-P, seems high grade (with hints of luster) but net is no better than XF. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March 1996, with original lot-tag #1125. Estimate: $150-$225. S-P23; KM-19. 27.20 grams.

1629), fine-dot borders. S-P26; KM-19a. 26.14 grams. Broad flan with

full but slightly doubled shield and cross, somewhat crude XF with green and black patches near edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

811. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (ca. 808. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1628T, from the ca.-1629

“Panama hoard.” S-P24; KM-19a; CT-468. 24.33 grams. Squarish flan

with somewhat jagged edges (as made, the low weight therefore inexplicable), good full shield and cross, bottom half of date, only AVF but loaded with contrasting orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

1629), fine-dot borders, denomination 8. S-P26; KM-19a. 27.09

grams. Smallish flan with nice full shield and cross, full •P•T•, VF with parts of edge slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $150-$225.

812. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1630T, •P-T• to left, x-8-x

to right. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-472. 26.82 grams. Choice specimen with full date outside of full but off-center cross, choice full (and well-centered) shield with mintmark-assayer and denomination all clear and bold, darkly toned XF+. Estimate: $300-$450.

158


813. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1630(T). S-P26; KM-19a; CT-472.

817. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 163(?)TR.

also doubled shield, crude peripheries (uneven flan), hairline interior flan-crack, toned VF with a few dark spots. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

doubled) and cross (slightly off-center), bold 63 of date, Fine with dark spots. Based on the assayer (which is clear), the date must be 1636-9. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1996, with original lot-tag #568. Estimate: $200-$300.

26.76 grams. Full date outside blatantly double-struck cross, decent but

814. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)630T, •P-T• to left, •8• to right. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-472. 27.00 grams. Bold date, full and well-

detailed but double-struck shield and cross, good crown, high grade (AU), with light toning in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-P27; KM-19a.

25.68 grams. Typically small, thick flan, with good full shield (slightly

818. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.00 grams. Bold full P•TR•, nearly full shield

and cross, thick and uneven flan, toned Fine+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

819. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR

815. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T, x-Px-T-x to left, x-8-x to right (ca. 1630). S-P26, KM-19a. 25.48 grams.

Superb full shield and good full cross, bold full mintmark-assayer and denomination with unique ornaments, attractively toned XF+ with hint of surface corrosion (salvaged) and a trifle doubled. Estimate: $200-$300.

(1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 26.89 grams. Very bold full •P•TR•, nice full crown above messily doubled shield, the cross also full but doubled, lightly toned VF with flat areas. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

820. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 25.15 grams. Full P•TR and denomination 816. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(3)3(T).

S-P26; KM-19a;

CT-475. 26.76 grams. Good full cross and shield, bold final 3 of date (much rarer than the earlier dates), VF+ with minor flat spots. Estimate: $250-$375.

8 (actually “oo” vertically), crude full shield and cross, Fine with flat spots and patchy toning. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

159


821. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.45 grams. Very thick flan (small) with full

•P•TR and denomination •8• (regular punch with flat top and topleft corner open), good full cross and shield for the era, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

822. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR

824. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1640, assayer not visible,

rare.

KM-19a. 26.88 grams. Bold full 40 of date outside crude cross, nearly full but off-center shield with nearly full king’s name in legend bold, parts of edge very crude, About Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

(1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.53 grams. Interesting coin in debased silver

825. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (ca.

with lots of copper showing on the off-center shield side, which also shows a full assayer and nearly full shield, full but slightly doubled cross, Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

1640). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.26 grams. Good full shield, double-struck mintmark-assayer and cross, crude AVF with dark patches. Estimate: $150-$225.

823. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR

826. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer FR (early 1640s), rare. S-P28; KM-19a. 25.50 grams. Very bold full assayer and

(1630s).

Good full shield with bold mintmark P, full cross with gritty black and green encrustation, Fine overall. From a “Tunis hoard,” with photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #724. Estimate: $125-$200. S-P27; KM-19a. 26.62 grams.

mintmark, most of shield and cross with flatness on one side of each, typically crude and uneven flan but no worse than Fine for actual wear. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

827. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayers T and TR (early 1640s). KM-19a. 27.30 and 27.38 grams. Choice specimens with full shields and crosses, clear mintmark-assayers and denominations, nicely toned AVF, both with partial dates. Estimate: $350-$500. 160


828. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)64(?)T.

S-P30; KM-19a.

27.46 grams. Somewhat oval flan with clear 64 of date, full mintmark-

assayer and denomination, good full shield and full but partially flat cross-and-tressure, toned AVF with minor edge-split and hole at top of cross. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$225.

829. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)643, assayer not visible, rare. KM-19a. 27.19 grams. Full 43 of date (the 3 somewhat oddly shaped), full shield and cross despite flat areas, small edge-split, lowcontrast XF with traces of original luster. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1994, with original lot-tag #875. Estimate: $300-$450.

830. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1645TR. S-P29; KM-19a; CT-493.

27.21 grams. Choice specimen with full date outside full but off-center cross, good full shield and crown, full denomination and mintmark and most of assayer, richly old-toned AVF. Pedigreed to the Heritage auction of January 2007, with original lot-tag #50514. Estimate: $400-$600.

831. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1647P, extremely rare. S-P33; KM-19a; CT-unl. 28.72 grams.

With clear tops of the 647 of the date and full and clear •P assayer, this coin is only the second example we have seen or heard of, its extreme rarity no doubt due to the recall and melting of 164952 (although it is interesting to note that this example is quite a bit OVERweight), with nice full shield and cross but the peripheries (except the date, by sheer chance) somewhat crude and flat and split, lightly toned all over, Fine+. Pedigreed to the Cayón auction of February 2012 (lot #324, misdescribed as 1621-31). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

161


832. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1647Z/?, rare. S-P34;

KM-19a; CT-498. 27.86 grams. Choice full cross and shield, the latter with most of crown above and bold denomination 8 (“oo” vertically) to right, the Z assayer to left weak but certain (possibly punched over an earlier assayer), but best feature is the bold full 47 of the date in small digits, nicely toned VF with typical edge-splits. Ironically overweight. Estimate: $1,000-up.

833. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8

reales, 1648R, extremely rare.

S-P31; KM-19a; CT-unl. 27.99 grams.

Only the second example we have seen, the first one sold in our Auction #15 for over $9,500(!), this one with clear assayer and date despite typically crude strike that renders the shield and crown half flat, the cross better (full) but with distracting dark patches (possibly due to debasement), hairline edgesplit, Fine overall. Like the last two lots, all of which should have been melted down in 1649-52, this coin is strangely overweight. It is also worth mentioning that this assayer R, Felipe Ramírez de Arellano, was summarily executed for his role in the debasement scandal at the Potosí mint. Estimate: $1,000-up.

162


834. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)649Z, with crowned-L countermark on cross, rare. S-P34; KM-19a; CT-508. 28.65 grams. With

836. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, no counter-

a broad, round flan and very high weight (like the last several lots), this non-salvage stands above the well-known shipwreck examples, this coin also with full countermark in center, bold cross and date and assayer, most of shield despite flat area, nicely toned AVF with typical edge-crack. Estimate: $350-$500.

mark (rare). S-P35; KM-19b. 26.94 grams. Broad flan with full and bold •P•O• to left, nice but doubled full shield and cross, the peripheries mostly flat but with most of 5 of date showing, crude edge (as made), richly toned VF, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.

835. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1647-9)Z, no countermark (rare). S-P34; KM-19a. 25.50 grams. Round flan with typical edge-crack,

837. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(51-2)E, with

bold full P-Z, nearly full but double-struck shield and cross, extensive peripheral flatness, a low-weight coin that certainly should have been melted in 1649-52. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

crowned-(?) countermark on cross side, encapsulated NGC F 15. S-P36; KM-19b. 26.6 grams. Nice full crown, full but slightly doubled shield, good full cross with deeply impressed partial countermark, lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

838. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (where visible). 108.87 grams total. Good full crosses and shields, mostly toned, Fine+ on average, one with quadrants of cross transposed. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

839. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III and IV, assayers R (curved-leg), P/T and not visible. 80.64 grams total. Fine+ on average, mostly toned, one with green encrustation and one with partial date 163(?). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600. 840. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III and IV, assayers Q, T and TR. 79.40 grams total. Fine+ on average but all with some sort of damage (two with corrosion and one with solder-mark in center), nicely toned, full (or nearly so) shields and crosses, one with quadrants of cross transposed. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

841. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R and 4R (one each), Philip IV, assayers not visible. 40.48 grams total. Both with good full shields, the 4R with better cross (dark patch on the 8R) but the pair a match in time period (ca. 1640), AVF. Estimate: $175-$250. 163


846. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R 842. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1st

period). 13.30 grams. Very broad flan with choice full shield (intricately detailed), P-B (doubled) to left and denomination o-iiii to right, most of crown above, the cross also full but slightly doubled, XF+ with dark toning around edge only, scarce earliest issue of assayer B. Estimate: $200-$300.

(curved leg).

S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 14.03 grams. Bold full assayer to left of choice full shield, full but cruder cross with spot of dark “horn silver” at upper right, VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

847. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1618T/PAL, extremely rare. S-P21; KM-9. 13.61 grams. Very full and clear T/PAL (first speci843. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1st period), no H in HISPANIARVM. S-P4; KM-4.2. 13.53 grams. Good

men we have seen in this denomination), the date also full and bold, but the rest of the coin rather crude and partially flat, albeit no worse than VF for wear. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

full shield but that side slightly off-center, enabling a bold legend to be visible and showing the missing H (a characteristic of this scarce earliest period only), good full cross too, low-contrast VF+. Estimate: $200-$300.

848. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1618T, rare.

S-P21; KM-9;

Bold full P•T to left of nice full shield, the cross also good but slightly doubled and partially flat, clear bottoms of 618 of date, toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-247. 13.58 grams.

844. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period). S-P6; KM-4.2. 13.54 grams. Very choice full shield and cross, with full P-B and denomination and much legend, richly toned AXF, but with crude hole at top of shield. Estimate: $150-$225.

849. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (161)8T, rare. S-P21; KM-9;

Bold full shield and cross, but flat peripheries except for 8 of date, About Fine with some dark toning on fields. Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-247. 12.71 grams.

845. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd

period). S-P6; KM-4.2. 13.05 grams. Choice full shield and crown, the

cross also full but lightly surface-corroded, uneven brownish toning overall, VF or better for wear. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


850. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1622T, lions and castles

transposed in shield and cross, extremely rare. S-P21a; KM-17.

13.19 grams. Bold full date and assayer (first specimen we have seen), full

but crude cross and shield, Fine. Note: The date shows some doubling, but the ornament after the final 2 is clear, and the PxT arrangement confirms it is no later than 1622. Estimate: $350-$500.

856. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob minors (one 4R and three 2R) of Philip III and IV, assayers not visible. 31.10 grams total.

A motley group in a wide range of sizes despite the fact that all but one are 2R, some crude and others with nice crosses and/or shields, Fine+ on average. Estimate: $350-$500.

851. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not vis-

ible. KM-17. 13.63 grams. Full but doubled cross and shield, VF with even toning all over. Estimate: $70-$100.

857. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer L (1st

period). S-P3; KM-3.2; CT-491 (under Lima). 6.40 grams. Scarce early issue with bold P-L, nice full shield and cross, nearly full crown, darkly toned AVF with minor surface corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

852. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-

L countermark on cross, rare. S-P35; KM-17b. 13.24 grams. Choice full shield, good full cross with nearly full countermark, clear P-O and 4-O, XF with dark areas and typical edge-split, especially rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.

853. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and III,

858. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (early 3rd period). S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.77 grams. Bold P-B and king’s

name, good full shield and cross, VF with toning in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

assayers B, Q and T (where visible). 79.56 grams total. F-VF with generally full shields and crosses, mostly toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

854. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II-IV, assayers B, Q and not visible. 54.41 grams total. Fine+ on average, all lightly toned, generally full shields and crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

859. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd 855. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III and IV, period). S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.58 grams. Nice but slightly doubled

various assayers (where visible). 73.66 grams total. Interesting lot with a range of weights and sizes, one (from the 1640s) darkly debased and weighing only 7.34 grams(!), one with edge-split, one polished and one with a hole, Fine on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

full shield and cross and crown, bold P-B and denomination, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

165


860. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd 865. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer period). S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 5.86 grams. Technically high grade (XF+) but with somewhat weak strike and low contrast, also some surface porosity, but part of cross-lions-castles actually still lustrous. Estimate: $90-$135.

C (rare).

S-P16; KM-8. 10.88 grams total. Both lightly corroded from salvage but with clear assayers, decent crosses and shields, Fine overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

861. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

period). S-P10; KM-3.2; CT-509. 6.73 grams. Broad flan with finely detailed full shield and cross-and-tressure, clear P-B and king’s name in legend, richly toned VF+ with crude hole at bottom of cross. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #745. Estimate: $90-$135.

866. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1620T, very rare, Sellschopp Plate Coin. S-P21; KM-8. 6.62 grams. Bold full P-T and 862. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer A/B.

S-P11; KM-3.2. 6.39 grams. Choice full shield and cross, most of crown, weak but certain A/B, VF+ with very light toning and traces of surface porosity. Estimate: $125-$200.

choice full shield and cross, with clear 620 of date (note that Sellschopp called “1620 or 1626” but the 1626 in this auction is clearly different), Fine+ with toned fields, desirable pedigree. Plate Coin #416 in Sellschopp’s Las Acuñaciones de las cecas de Lima, La Plata y Potosí (1971). Estimate: $500-$750.

863. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer A/B. S-P11;

Full P-A/B, full but slightly doubled and rather weak shield and cross, Fine. Estimate: $100-$150. KM-3.2. 6.11 grams.

864. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (where visible). KM-3.2. 44.67 grams total. Some choice full crosses

and/or shields, a few salvaged but most toned, one slightly bent, Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

867. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1620T, very rare. S-P21; KM-

8. 6.58 grams. Very

bold full date (in fact better than previous lot) but assayer weak, the cross and shield full but slightly off-center, non-toned Fine+ with hairline edge-crack. Estimate: $350-$500.

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868. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1622T, quadrants of cross transposed, extremely rare.

S-P21a; KM-unl.; CT-876a. 6.68 grams.

Full date and assayer (first specimen we have seen) and denomination Z, full shield and crown and cross, Fine with small spots of toning. Estimate: $300-up.

869. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (162)3T with date as “ZIII,” quadrants of cross transposed, extremely rare. S-P22a; KM-14a. 6.89 grams. Very bold full III of date (first specimen we have seen) outside of good full cross, the assayer to left of shield a bit harder to discern, mostly due to dark encrustation, probably AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

870. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1626T, denomination Z, very rare. S-P24; KM-14a; CT-877. 6.52 grams. Superb full shield with full

P-T to left, weak denomination to right, bold but off-center cross with bold and full but doubled date, nicely toned XF+. Note: The 1626 2R (assayers T and P) was virtually unknown until a hoard that surfaced a few years ago, probably the source for this lot. Estimate: $250-$375.

871. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1626P, denomination Z/o-ii, very rare. S-P23; KM-14a. 7.34 grams. Very choice full shield

and cross, clear P-P (possibly T/P) and very clear denomination, also bold 26 of date, toned XF, probably from the hoard that brought a few (still rare) 1626 2R to market a few years ago (see previous lot), oddly overweight. Estimate: $250-$375.

872. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (1620s), quadrants of cross transposed. S-P23; KM-14a. 6.83 grams.

Broad flan with full P•P, full shield and cross, toned AVF with part of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $80-$120.

167


873. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer T (1620s). KM-14a. 6.77 grams. Superb full cross and shield but both somewhat off-center, bold assayer T punched over what looks like an o (should be P?), elegantly toned AXF with tangential dark patch. Estimate: $100-$150.

876. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1644TR, very rare, ex-

Karon. S-P29; KM-14a; CT-886. 9.94 grams. Bold date in crude periphery outside nearly full cross, decent full shield, low-contrast Fine with light toning, small hole to left of shield, inexplicably vastly overweight, only the second or third specimen we’ve seen. Pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio auction of March 1990), lot #524. Estimate: $350-$500.

874. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1629T, heavy-dot borders,

denomination “Z”, rare. S-P26; KM-14a; CT-880. 6.39 grams. Broadflan, non-toned XF with choice full shield and cross, large 9 in clear date. Estimate: $250-$375.

877. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1650O, very rare.

S-P35;

Bold full date outside of good full cross, full assayer to left of full but off-center shield, AVF with toned fields, inexplicably overweight, only the third or fourth specimen we’ve seen. Estimate: $500-$750.

KM-14b; CT-889. 7.83 grams.

875. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1637, assayer not visible,

very rare. KM-14a. 8.10 grams. Bold full date outside of good full cross,

good but incomplete shield, nicely toned Fine+ with small hole to left of cross, only the third example we’ve seen (none with visible assayer), oddly overweight. Estimate: $350-$500.

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883. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer B/L (1st

period). S-P4; KM-2.2. 3.19 grams. Good full shield and cross and most of crown, weak but certain B/L (very scarce early issue) and bold denomination I, toned VF. Estimate: $90-$135.

878. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayers

T and P (where visible). KM-14b. 20.09 grams total. Two with partial dates, all with quadrants of cross transposed, generally nice shields and crosses, toned VF on average. Estimate: $175-$250.

879. Large lot of 28 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III

and IV, assayers R (curved leg), Q, M and T (where visible).

183.61 grams total. Great lot for jewelers, with generally full crosses and

shields, some toned but none darkly, F-VF on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

884. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer B (3rd period). S-P10; KM-2.2; CT-649. 3.22 grams. Bold full cross and well-detailed full shield, clear P-B and bold denomination I, AXF with minor surface porosity and small piece of edge missing. Estimate: $60-$90.

885. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, Philip II, assayer 880. Large lot of 26 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II B (where visible). KM-2.2. 28.72 grams total. Several salvaged, three

through IV, various assayers (where visible). 158.05 grams total.

Fine on average, many lightly corroded (unspecified salvage) and five holed, most toned, many with full or nearly full shields and crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

holed, mostly toned, all with full (or nearly full) shields and crosses, Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350$500.

881. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob minors of Philip II assayer

B: 2 reales (5th period) and 1/2 real (2nd period). 8.24 grams total. The 2R is crudely doubled and the 1/2R is holed, but both show some bold details and nice toning, F-VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

886. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, Philip II, assayer B.

KM-2.2. 9.38 grams total. Generally nice full shields and crosses with attractive toning, also clear assayers, AVF overall. Estimate: $125-$200.

882. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer L (1st pe-

riod). S-P3; KM-2.2; CT-635. 3.37 grams. Nice full shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), bold mintmark and clear assayer (scarce early issue), VF with dark toning on fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

887. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1620(T), rare. S-P21; KM-7. 3.47 grams. Full four-digit date visible outside nice full cross, clear mintmark to left of nice full shield, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

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891. Large lot of 32 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, Philip III and IV, assayers R, T, O and Z (where visible). 91.25 grams total. Some salvaged, two holed, one clipped, mostly toned, Fine on average, many with good full shields and/or crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

892. Large lot of 26 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, Philip II through IV, various assayers (where visible). 80.31 grams total. About half

with holes and a few salvaged but most with full shields and/or crosses, mostly toned, Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

888. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1620(T), rare. S-P21; KM-7. 3.70 grams. Bold date, good full cross and shield, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

893. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, small silver cobs: 1R Philip IV

assayer TR (1630s); 1/2R Philip II assayer Ramos (with R appearing upside-down to left of monogram due to doublestrike) and Philip IV assayer T; and 1/4R Philip II assayer Rincón (R to right). 7.54 grams total. Clear assayers on all, the 1R

AVF with nice full shield and cross (quadrants transposed) but the smaller coins worn (Fine or worse), all holed except the 1/2R assayer T, the 1/4R somewhat scarce and desirable. Estimate: $200-$300.

889. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1620T, quadrants of cross transposed, rare. S-P21; KM-7. 3.43 grams. Bottoms of digits of date, full P-T, decent full cross and shield, Fine with toned fields and some orange sediment. Estimate: $175-$250.

894. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip II, assayer R

(Rincón) to left. S-P1; KM-2.2; CT-729. 3.11 grams total. AVF overall, one a broader flan with nice toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

890. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1650O, rare. S-P35; KM-12b; 895. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R (RaCT-1046. 2.36 grams. Full four-digit date visible, the assayer possibly over

another letter, full but off-center shield and cross, Fine+ with toned fields, flat spots. Estimate: $250-$375.

mos), tiny R to left, mintmark P to right. S-P1; KM-2.2; CT-729.

1.49 grams. Scarce issue (often mistaken for earlier assayer Rincón but actually a good bit less common), with possible P/R to right (which would be unique), full monogram and cross, Fine+ with some light toning and very slightly bent. Estimate: $70-$100.

170


896. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip II and III, assayers R (Rincón), B (several periods), R (Ramos) and Q. 10.15 grams total. Generally nice specimens, VF on average, mostly toned, with full monograms and crosses and clear assayers, a great group for study or starting a collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

897. Lot of 17 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip III and IV, assayers B and T (where visible). 21.36 grams total. Most salvaged but nearly all with full crosses and/or monograms, mostly toned, all somewhat scarce. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500. 898. Lot of 14 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R of Philip III and IV, assayers T or not visible. 19.86 grams total. An advanced study collection (all but two in original envelopes with handwritten attributions, no duplicates), some holed, one a contemporary counterfeit, AVF on average, ALL nicely toned and with full (or nearly so) monograms and/or crosses. One pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio, March 1990, lot #1051). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

899. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip II through Philip IV, various assayers (where visible). 9.86 grams total. F-VF, two holed, most toned, generally decent crosses and monograms. Estimate: $70-$100.

901. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer R

900. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip IV, no as- (Rincón) to right, mintmark P to left, rare. S-P1; KM-A0001; CT-

sayer. 7.74 grams total. Nice little study group from this ill-defined

period, some with PLVS VLTRA in legends, mostly toned, AVF on average, generally good crosses and monograms, one with tiny hole. Estimate: $250-$375.

764 (under Lima). 0.81 gram. Choice specimen on a huge flan with FULL

legends and crowns (very rare thus), nice full castle and cross and clear P-R, choice AXF, one of the best available for this smallest coin of the first assayer. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

171


902. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer L to right, mintmark P to left, rare. S-P3. 0.76 gram. Very broad flan with nearly

full legends (interesting N instead of M at end of INDIARVN), full lion and castle and crowns, clear P-L, rarer than Rincón and this one a premium example, AVF with some toning on fields. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1652 Transitionals

903. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transi-

tional, McLean Type VI. S-P37. 3.00 grams. Nice full pillars with full motto and E-I-E above waves, date in legend, off-center cross with second date below, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

Pillars-and-waves

904. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, •PH• at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-437. 26.39 grams. Richly toned Fine with full but weak cross

and pillars, bold full waves, two dates and mintmarks and assayers. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

906. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1656E, PH at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-440. 27.00 grams. Somewhat Royal-like specimen with much

legend including full four-digit date and king’s name, full but partially flat pillars-and-waves and cross, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

905. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E, PH at top. S-P37a;

Nearly full pillars-and-waves and cross (the latter off-center), three dates, two assayers and mintmarks, king’s ordinal IIII, slightly concave Fine with light toning and faint surface corrosion. Pedigreed to our Auction #14, with original lot-tag #676. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-21; CT-439. 24.55 grams.

907. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, pomegranate at

top on pillars side. S-P37a; KM-21. 27.60 grams. Nice full pillars-and-

waves and cross, well centered, with full POTOSÍ and king’s ordinal IIII in legend, two dates, three assayers and mintmarks, richly toned VF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

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908. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, PH at top on pillars side, pomegranate above cross. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-unl. 26.27 grams. Good full cross, full but doubled pillars side, three dates and

mintmarks, Fine+ with contrasting toning. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #1065. Estimate: $250-$375.

909. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, 6/5 and 5/7 on cross side. S-P37a. 27.76 grams. Broad flan with several flat spots, one

full pillar, double-struck cross, two dates (the 657 below cross with clear 6/5 on left and probable 6/7 in middle), three assayers, Fine with darkly toned fields, parts of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

911. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1661E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-450.

27.76 grams. Crude flan (as made) with bold and full but off-center pillars. Full but partially flat cross, three dates, two mintmarks, Fine+ with mostly deep toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

912. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1662E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-451.

26.99 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, the cross off-center and with

a series of old scratches, three dates, three bold assayers, full king’s ordinal IIII, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

913. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1662E. 910. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1659E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-447. 23.86 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves (slightly off-center) with

S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

Full but doubled cross and pillars, bold full waves, three dates and assayers, two mintmarks, low-contrast AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

451. 28.12 grams.

two dates on that side and full PERV in legend, full but weaker and also off-center cross with full crown above, AVF with nice toning, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $250-$375.

914. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1663E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-452. 27.75 grams. Good full cross, bold and full but off-center pillars-and-

waves with clear 1663 date in legend (the other two dates visible too), two mintmarks and assayers, Fine with flat spots, toned around details. Estimate: $250-$375.

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915. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1666E, date as “66” be- 919. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345.

tween pillars. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-455. 27.50 grams. Good full cross and pillars-and-waves (both well centered), two dates and assayers, richly toned VF with minor flat areas. Estimate: $250-$375.

27.00 grams. Good full cross and doubled pillars-and-waves, two full

crowns, two bold mintmarks and assayers, nicely toned AVF with edge-split and crudely plugged hole at bottom of cross. Estimate: $150-$225.

916. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-343.

27.47 grams. Full and well-detailed but double-struck pillars and cross, two dates (the one below the cross seemingly “63” due to doubling), three bold mintmarks, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

917. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669E.

920. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346.

25.06 grams. Full but off-center waves with remarkably full four-digit date in legend, full but weaker cross, two mintmarks, uneven dark toning, AVF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-P37b; KM-26; CT-

Full but doubled cross and pillars, two dates and mintmarks and assayers, non-toned AVF with flat areas, edge-split. Estimate: $200-$300. 344. 27.23 grams.

921. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1673E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-348. 25.56 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves with bold date and part of

another in the legend, full but slightly doubled cross, well centered, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

918. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345.

26.86 grams. Good cross, very bold mintmark and date above full waves, toned AVF with flat areas in crude peripheries (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

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922. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350. 925. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-354.

27.32 grams. Bold date above full waves on a double-struck pillars side,

off-center cross with most of CAROLVS visible, AVF with flat areas and edge-splits, toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

923. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1676E, Calbetó Plate Coin.

Very crude coin with low contrast due to dark toning, but with two dates and mintmarks, three assayers, one nice crown, Fine with surface roughness (as made?), but most desirable for its pedigree (this date considered rather scarce in Calbetó’s time but now more common due to the Consolación wreck of 1681). Plate Coin #1081 in Calbetó’s Compendium VIII Reales (1970). Estimate: $200-$300. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-351. 25.84 grams.

924. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-352.

25.67 grams. Full and well-centered pillars-and-waves, full but partially

flat cross, three dates and assayers and mintmarks, VF with edge-split and mostly richly toned. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

926. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679/8C/E, very rare.

S-P38; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 25.45 grams. Doubled and off-center pillars side with one full pillar atop bold waves with two clear assayers (clean C), POTOSÍ in legend, the cross full but also off-center with clear C/E to right and date with 9 punched over an erased 8 below (1679E does not exist, assayer E having died in November of 1678), lightly toned VF with small edge-split. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $300-$450.

927. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C/E, very rare. S-P38;

despite flat areas, technically no worse than VF+, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-unl.; CT-unl. 26.65 grams. In contrast to the previous lot, this coin shows C/E on just the pillars side (lower left) with two other clean C’s also visible as well as two dates, off-center cross with part of king’s name clear, Fine+ with much flatness, toned around details, edge-crack. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

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28.34 grams. Full but double-struck pillars-and-waves, decent cross

175


928. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1682V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-364. 26.86 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with bold (PO)TOSI in leg-

end, slightly off-center full cross with nice crown and clear CARO(LVS) in legend, richly toned AVF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $300-$450.

929. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-365.

24.66 grams. Broad flan with full cross, full but doubled pillars-and-

932. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1685VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-368.

25.11 grams. Lustrous but lightly corroded and somewhat weakly struck XF with spots of brown encrustation, full pillars and cross, two dates and mintmarks and assayers. Estimate: $200-$300.

933. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-369.

waves, Fine with flat spots but good contrast with dark toning on fields, two dates, three bold assayers and mintmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

27.47 grams. Huge flan with particularly bold full waves, full pillars and

930. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-366.

934. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-372.

26.39 grams. Richly old-toned VF with choice full pillars and cross,

three bold mintmarks, two dates and assayers, minor edge-splits. Estimate: $300-$450.

931. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1685VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-368. 26.92 grams. Full but very crude pillars and cross (the latter doubled),

nice crown at top, two dates, AVF with flat spots and old scratches, partially toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

cross too but lots of flatness in periphery, still with three dates, two mintmarks and assayers, lightly toned AXF. Estimate: $300-$450.

27.06 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, full but doubled cross, two dates and mintmarks and assayers, some bold legend, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

935. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

372. 27.39 grams. Unusually

flat strike on a broad flan, still with most of pillars and cross and two dates and three assayers, AVF for actual wear, lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

176


936. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-374.

25.26 grams. Very darkly toned VF with full pillars-and-waves, off-center

cross, much legend, two dates and mintmarks, very unusual shape (round with small tail). Pedigreed to the Cayón auction of November 2014, with original lot-tag #191. Estimate: $275-$400.

940. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1695VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-381.

27.04 grams. Full but off-center pillars, doubled cross, all somewhat crude and with much flatness, but with two bold dates and contrasting sediment on fields, Fine+ with small edge-split. Pedigreed to the Cayón auction of November 2014, with original lot-tag #202. Estimate: $250-$375.

937. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-377. 941. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1696VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-382. 26.68 grams. Full but doubled pillars and cross, two dates and assayers,

uneven flan and toning (somewhat crude), still no worse than VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

938. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1692VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-378. 27.55 grams. Nearly full but somewhat flat pillars and cross, still with

two dates (bold below cross) and assayers, three mintmarks, king’s ordinal II, richly old-toned Fine+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

939. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

High grade (XF) but with much flatness, full but slightly doubled pillars, two dates, three mintmarks, some dark spots. Estimate: $250-$375. 380. 26.83 grams.

23.88 grams. Nice full pillars and cross, both well centered but very

slightly doubled, with three bold assayers and two bold dates, AVF with dark, contrasting toning, edge-split, very light surface corrosion (probably salvaged, possibly 1715 Fleet). Estimate: $200-$300.

942. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-383.

26.00 grams. Bold full pillars and cross but both somewhat doubled, bold second date in legend, three mintmarks, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

943. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1698F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-387.

26.00 grams. Full pillars and cross, three dates and assayers (rare thus), VF with some weak spots and very light surface corrosion (probably salvaged, possibly 1715 Fleet), spots of toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

177


944. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1699F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-388. 948. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-862. 27.03 grams. Richly toned AVF with nice full pillars-and-waves (well

centered), doubled cross (off-center), three dates and assayers. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

945. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1701F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-391. 25.17 grams. Crudely doubled strike with flat peripheries but most of

pillars-and-waves and some of the cross bold, also bold date and assayer, Fine with dark, contrasting toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

25.93 grams. Nice full pillars and cross (the latter slightly doubled), two dates and assayers and mintmarks, VF+. Estimate: $250-$375.

949. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-862.

25.88 grams. Off-center pillars with bold date, full but weaker cross,

two full assayers, Fine+ with edge-crack and light surface porosity. Estimate: $175-$250.

950. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1703Y.

S-P43a; KM-31; CT-

Small, fat flan with good full pillars (well centered), crudely doubled cross, three mintmarks and assayers, richly old-toned Fine+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

863. 27.00 grams.

946. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1701Y, Charles II. S-P43;

KM-26; CT-392. 26.16 grams. Crude flan and dark toning, also a bit off-center, but with two clear dates and assayers and king’s ordinal II (scarce final issue under this king), technically no worse than AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

951. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-864. 25.51 grams. Very crude strike but at least well centered, with clear date,

947. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-862.

two assayers, technically AVF, with edge-splits and patches of black and green encrustation. Estimate: $125-$200.

27.27 grams. Bold date and two assayers on well-centered pillars side (the middle date showing a probable 2/1 overdate), off-center cross with second date below, toned Fine with hairline edge-crack. Estimate: $250-$375.

178


952. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1710Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-870.

26.06 grams. Very crude (mostly flat) but with two dates and parts of

pillars and cross bold and enhanced by toning in crevices, crude hole at edge (not in line with any axis). Estimate: $125-$200.

955. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1712Y. S-P43a; KM-

31; CT-872. 23.78 grams. and 26.76 grams. Both chunky and crude per the era but with fairly clear assayers and dates (scarce), lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $300-$450.

953. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1712Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-872. 26.34 grams. Good full cross, messy pillars on crude (chunky) flan, two

dates (very scarce thus), VF for the era (sharp edges) with light toning all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

956. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1718Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-878.

26.73 grams. Good full cross but very crude pillars side, toned Fine

with flat peripheries. Estimate: $175-$250.

954. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1712Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-872. 25.59 grams. Crude strike on chunky flan with much flatness but full

assayer and fairly clear date (scarce), richly toned AVF for the era. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

957. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-879.

24.40 grams. Very crude flan with large edge-crack but good full pillars with bold date (scarce), full but weaker cross, low-contrast Fine+. Estimate: $200-$300.

958. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1721Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-881. 26.12 grams. Choice for era, with nice full pillars, full but doubled cross,

two dates (scarce), non-toned VF+. Estimate: $400-$600.

179


959. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1723Y, rare, serrated edge. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-824. 26.31 grams. This fascinating coin is unique among its type for the edge imparted in its time (reminiscent of the “denarius serratus” of Roman times), executed either to add attraction or to show it is solid silver (or both); but also it is unique as a Royal in that its cross side is an unknown die (the pillars side matches Lázaro #273), and it’s a rare date to begin with, also quite a nice strike (much better than Lázaro’s example) with full and bold details all over enhanced by toning on fields, XF overall, with inevitable hole at top of pillars / left of cross (axes aligned by 90 degrees). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

960. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-883. 25.07 grams. Two full dates (very scarce, missing in Karon), nearly full

cross and pillars, full POTOSÍ, AVF with dark toning on pillars side only, part of edge crude (as made). Pedigreed to our Auction #16, with original lot-tag #629. Estimate: $250-$375.

961. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-883.

26.16 grams. Nice cross and pillars-and-waves with dark toning around details for contrast, two dates (very scarce, missing in Karon), Fine+. Estimate: $200-$300.

962. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1725Y (Louis I).

S-P43b; KM-35; CT-24. 27.67 grams. Very crude strike with totally flat peripheries

and chunky flan, still with full pillars and cross, Fine with dark toning in crevices of cross only. Estimate: $200-$300.

180


963. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1725Y, (Louis I). S-P43b; KM-35; CT-24.

25.90 grams. Good pillars and cross despite usual flatness, contrasting toning,

Fine or better. Pedigreed to our Auction #17, with original lot-tag #935. Estimate: $200-$300.

964. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare.

S-P43b; KM-35;

Exceptional specimen with very bold full legends, including four-digit date (the other two dates full as well) and COMPLETE king’s name LVIS (extremely rare thus), full pillars and cross too, AVF with patchy toning, close to Royal-like strike but on a typically chunky (and decidedly non-Royal) flan. Estimate: $750-$1,100. CT-26. 26.22 grams.

965. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1728M, ex-Trastámara. 966. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1728M.

Bold full pillars and cross (the latter slightly doubled), three dates, very darkly toned XF with hint of surface porosity (salvaged). Pedigreed to the Isabel de Trastámara collection (Aureo & Calicó auction of May 2014, with original lot-tag #593). Estimate: $250-$375. S-P44; KM-31; CT-885. 25.21 grams.

S-P44; KM-31; CT-

Full but doubled pillars and cross with two dates, multiple small edge-splits, very darkly toned XF (salvaged). Estimate: $175-$250.

885. 26.86 grams.

181


967. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1729M. S-P44; KM-31a; CT-886. 27.30 grams.

Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross with two very bold dates, flat peripheries, richly old-toned VF, plugged hole near edge (not aligned with any axes). From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

968. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1733YA, rare. S-P45; KM-31a; CT-891. 27.68 grams. Richly toned XF with choice but offcenter pillars with clear date and assayer and bold POTOSÍ in legend, also nice full cross with very full date and assayer, struck on a typically chunky flan with crude edge (as made), a choice example of a traditional rarity. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

969. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1737E. S-P46; KM-31a; CT-897.

27.00 grams. Good full pillars, full but doubled cross, two dates and

assayers, attractive toned VF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

970. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-31a; CT-899.

26.43 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves, full but cruder cross, two bold dates and mintmarks, deeply toned VF on a typically chunky flan. Estimate: $250-$375.

971. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1739M. S-P47; KM-31a; CT-900.

27.29 grams. Chunky flan as usual but unusually high grade (XF with hint of luster), with full pillars and cross, two dates and mintmarks and assayers, spotty toning. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

182


972. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1741P. S-P48; KM-31a; CT-903.

27.16 grams. Choice full pillars, good full cross, two clear dates, three

mintmarks and assayers (P-P-P-P), chunky flan, lightly toned VF+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

973. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1743C, ex-Trastámara.

Very chunky flan with crude edge (as made), good pillars and cross with two bold dates, high grade (XF), darkly toned. Pedigreed to the Isabel de Trastámara collection (Aureo & Calicó auction of May 2014, with original lot-tag #620). Estimate: $250-$375.

S-P49; KM-31a; CT-906. 26.99 grams.

974. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1743C. S-P49; KM-31a; CT-906.

26.69 grams. Good full pillars and cross, two dates, three assayers and mintmarks, lightly toned VF+. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

975. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1744q, ex-Trastámara. S-P50; KM-31a; CT-908. 26.85 grams. Choice full pillars and cross with two dates and mintmarks and assayers, darkly toned AXF on a typically chunky flan. Pedigreed to the Isabel de Trastámara collection (Aureo & Calicó auction of May 2014, with original lot-tag #624). Estimate: $250-$375.

976. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1745q, rare. S-P50; KM-R31a; CT-846. 26.65 grams. Typically very thick and round, without visible legends, the pillars and cross details full and well centered, VF with nice toning, expertly repaired at top of cross and pillars (axes almost aligned), curiously not a match with either of Lázaro’s examples. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

977. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1745q. S-P50; KM-31a; CT-909.

26.83 grams. Nice full pillars and cross (both well centered), crude

chunky flan as usual, AXF with light toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

183


978. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750q. S-P50a; KM-40; CT-360.

25.82 grams. Choice strike with full pillars and the cross off-center

enough to allow the full king’s name to be visible in the legend, three dates and assayers, nicely toned VF with edge-splits, holed to right of cross. Estimate: $150-$225.

982. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1754C+q. S-P53; KM-40; CT-

371. 27.07 grams. Very crude and chunky flan with several points and edge-split, good full pillars and cross, two bold dates, three mintmarks, bold assayer, VF+ with dark spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

979. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E/q, rare. S-P51; KM-40; 983. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1754C. S-P53; KM-40; CT-370.

CT-unl. 26.83 grams. Nice bold cross and pillars with two clear mintmarks and assayers (both with E/q, only the second or third specimen we have seen), attractively toned AXF with large hole at bottom of pillars. Estimate: $150-$225.

26.96 grams. Chunky and odd-shaped flan with most of cross and one

full pillar, clear date and two assayers, darkly toned VF with large (drilled) hole to left of cross. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $150-$225.

980. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E. S-P51; KM-40; CT-361. 984. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1758q. S-P54; KM-40; CT-375.

26.38 grams. Curiously pillow-shaped flan (varying thickness) with full pillars, full but crude cross, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers in evidence (rare thus), darkly toned VF. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $250-$375.

26.79 grams. Very chunky and crude, with bold cross and one full

pillar, bold mintmark and assayer and 1-1/2 dates, toned VF with sediment on fields. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300.

981. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1751E. S-P51; KM-40; CT-362. 985. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1760Y-V-Y, rare. 27.91 grams. Very chunky flan with one sharp point, nice full pillars

and good full cross, two bold dates and three assayers, darkly toned VF+. Estimate: $250-$375.

S-P56a;

Second of four assayer combinations for this transitional year (Ferdinand VI to Charles III, both of which are known with this assayer combination), small chunky flan with nearly full pillars (Y at top right and V at bottom left) and cross (Y at right), two dates, non-toned Fine+. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-45; CT-unl. 26.26 grams.

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986. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1761V-Y-V.

S-P57; KM-45; CT-948. 27.09 grams. Remarkable specimen with three bold dates (very

rare this late), good full pillars and cross, most of king’s name, chunky as usual, toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

987. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1761V-Y-V.

S-P57; KM-45;

Chunky but round, with somewhat flat strike for the era yet with two clear dates and two bold assayers, AVF with patchy toning. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-948. 26.97 grams.

988. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1762V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-

Crudely uneven flan with good detail anyway, with two pillars-side dates (rare thus), all three assayers, nicely toned VF+. Pedigreed to our Auction #15 (lot #995). Estimate: $250-$375. 949. 27.01 grams.

990. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y-V. S-P57; KM-45; CT-

951. 27.09 grams. Nice full pillars and cross despite the usual chunkiness, with two dates and mintmarks and assayers and denominations (rare to see the 8 above the cross, VF+. Estimate: $175-$250.

991. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y, cut down to

possible North African (Barbary) standard. S-P57; KM-45; CT-951.

16.06 grams. Somewhat pentagonal due to precise clipping to reduce the piece to about 16 grams (like many we have seen), with cross and pillars bold and full, nicely toned Fine+. In circulation along the Barbary coast of North Africa there was a 15- to 16-gram silver coin known as a “30 para,” minted in Tripoli in 1773, that could have been linked to these cut-down cobs. Bust 8R cut down to this weight are also known. Estimate: $125-$200.

992. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E and 1764(V-Y), both cut down to possible North African (Barbary) standard. 31.66 grams total. Precisely clipped coins (like the

previous lot), these with slightly more worn details (Fine or so) but still with clear dates. As stated in the previous lot, these scarce pieces may have been cut down to the 15- to 16-gram weight of the Tripoli (Barbary coast) 30 para of 1773. Estimate: $200-$300.

989. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1763V-Y-V.

S-P57; KM-45;

Full pillars and bold cross with three dates (rare thus), AVF with nice contrast, rough surfaces on opposing sides (as made). Estimate: $175-$250. CT-950. 26.86 grams.

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016

993. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1766V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-953. 26.71 grams. Very crude and chunky yet with two clear dates, most of

cross and pillars, king’s ordinal (T)ERT(IVS), non-toned VF for era. Estimate: $150-$225.

185


994. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1767V-(Y).

995. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1768V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-

S-P57; KM-45;

Very chunky flan with nearly full but off-center pillars, incomplete cross, two clear dates, lightly toned VF with surface roughness (as made) on opposing sides. Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-954. 26.37 grams.

955. 26.88 grams. Two

bold dates and assayers, full waves and one full pillar, most of cross, all enhanced by dark toning around details but typical crude and chunky, Fine+ with surface roughness (as made) on opposing sides. Estimate: $200-$300.

996. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1769V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-957. 26.81 grams. Choice full cross and pillars, both bold and well centered,

on a typically chunky flan, with nice toning all over, VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

997. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1770V-J, very rare.

S-P58; KM-45;

Thick and chunky flan, as usual (but inexplicably low in weight), with bold cross and pillars, clear date and full assayer V at top right, the assayer at bottom right decidedly not Y and therefore assumed to be J, AVF for era with toning and verdigris around details. Estimate: $500-$750.

CT-960. 22.96 grams.

998. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1771/0(V-Y). S-P59; KM-45; 999. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1771(V-Y).

Very bold date with obvious 1/0 between full pillars, nearly full cross with second date below (clean 1), AVF with toned fields, characteristic surface roughness on opposing sides of the coin. Estimate: $150-$225. CT-961. 26.97 grams.

S-P59; KM-45;

Full centers but doubled on the pillars side, two dates, crude flan with edge-cracks but no worse than AVF for the era. Pedigreed to our Auction #15 (lot #1001). Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-962. 27.07 grams.

186


1000. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772(V-Y) S-P59; KM-45; CT-963. 26.84 grams. Bold full cross, most of pillars with bold denomina-

tion and date on that side, deeply toned Fine+ with surface roughness on pillars side only. From the Marco Gardini collection of Potosí cob 8 reales. Estimate: $175-$250.

1004. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-

1104. 11.60 grams Worn (VG) and crude but with full pillars and nearly full cross, clear date (scarce) and assayer, toning in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225.

1005. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1730M. S-P44; KM-30a; CT1001. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772(V-Y). S-P59; KM-45;

Very chunky and crude flan (uneven thickness) with most of pillars and cross, clear date and mintmark, long edge-split, Fine+ with black patches. Estimate: $150-$225. CT-963. 26.93 grams.

1110. 12.88 grams. Choice full cross and nice full pillars, two bold dates

and assayers and mintmarks, VF with toned fields, scarce date that was missing in Sellschopp but has appeared in three of our auctions now. Estimate: $300-$450.

1006. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1737M/E, extremely rare, ex-Trastámara.

1002. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1773(V-Y), rare. S-P59; KM-

45; CT-964. 26.19 grams. One of the best specimens we have seen of this popular final year of cobs, with complete date above full waves, most of cross on other side, well centered on a typically chunky flan, Fine+ with contrastingly dark toning around details. Estimate: $250-$375.

S-P46; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 13.07 grams. Nice full pillars with very bold full date, off-center cross with second date below, three assayers but just the one to right of cross with M/E (first we have seen), toned AVF. Pedigreed to the Isabel de Trastámara collection (Aureo & Calicó auction of May 2014, with original lot-tag #480). Estimate: $350-$500.

1007. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1742C/P, extremely rare. S-P49; KM-30a; CT-unl. 13.56 grams.

Bold full pillars and cross, with

1003. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT- clear date, two partial assayers on pillars side, each of which shows

750. 13.56 grams. Full but weak cross with bold mintmark and assayer,

crudely doubled pillars, Fine+ with some toning around details. Estimate: $175-$250.

parts of C/P (just the second specimen we have seen, the other being Sellschopp’s), AXF (note the sharp edges) with toned fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

187


1008. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1745(q). CT-1131. 13.69 grams. Interestingly

S-P50; KM-30a;

diamond-shaped flan (still chunky as usual), good full pillars and cross, two dates, VF+. Estimate: $300$450.

1009. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1746q. S-P50; KM-30a; CT-

1132. 13.26 grams. Choice full pillars with very bold date, the cross also

full and choice with weaker full date below, very high grade for this period (XF+), very lightly toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

1010. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1747q. S-P50; KM-30a. 13.66

grams. Bold full cross and pillars, both with bold dates and mintmarks

and assayers, choice AXF. Estimate: $350-$500.

1013. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1752q. S-P52; KM-39; CT-440. 13.51 grams. Full pillars and cross, two bold dates, AVF with toned

fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1014. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1753q. S-P52; KM-39; CTFull date over bold full waves (very scarce, missing in Sellschopp), very bold full cross, crude flan as usual but atypically high grade (XF), lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

441. 13.67 grams.

1015. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1755q. S-P54; KM-39; CT-446.

13.32 grams. Two bold dates, very chunky flan with exceptionally crude

edge with lots of sharp cuts and pieces sticking out (hence clearly high grade, XF), bold assayer, off-center cross, darkly toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

1011. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1748q. S-P50a; KM-39; CT-435. 1016. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1765(V-Y). S-P57; KM-44; 13.32 grams. Compact flan with well-centered full pillars and cross (the

latter very bold), two dates, XF with lightly toned fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

CT-1158. 13.06 grams. Crude and chunky, with good pillars but cross off-center, two partial dates, richly toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

1017. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1766V-(Y).

1012. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1749q. S-P50a; KM-39; CT-436.

13.30 grams. Full cross with very bold date, full pillars with second date,

three assayers, crude edge (as made) but attractive, AXF with toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

S-P57; KM-

Bold date and most of another, good full pillars-and-waves and nearly full cross (off-center), lightly toned VF+. Estimate: $200-$300. 44; CT-1159. 13.29 grams.

188


1018. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1767V-(Y). S-P57; KM-44; CT-1160. 13.53 grams. Two bold dates, full pillars, off-center cross, high grade (XF), toned on cross-side fields only. Estimate: $350-$500.

1023. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1667E. S-P37a; KM-16. 7.63

grams. Great full pillars-and-waves and cross, with parts of three dates, three assayers and two mintmarks, tiny bit of Charles II name in legend (Philip IV for this date is only known in 8R and is very rare), AVF with contrasting toning on fields, overweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

1024. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-

Three dates, including full four-digit date in legend, full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles but with some flat spots, otherwise AXF, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $175-$250. 597. 4.92 grams.

1019. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales (1771) and 2 reales (1762) of assayers V-Y. S-P57. 13.61 and 6.37 grams. Decent pillars and crosses, bold dates, toned F-VF. Estimate: $225-$350.

1020. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1655E, HP monogram

at top (unique). S-P37a. 6.29 grams. Full waves and one full pillar, off-center cross, with clear date and fairly clear HP at top (first we have seen of this variety, decidedly not the same as Janson 25.3.1 with just H at top), Fine+ with darkly toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

1021. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1660E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT- 1025. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1672/1E, very rare. S-P37b;

908. 6.92 grams. Nice

full pillars-and-waves, full but slightly off-center cross, parts of all three dates, two assayers and three mintmarks, VF with toning around details only. Estimate: $150-$225.

1022. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1666E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-

914. 7.55 grams. Choice

full pillars and cross on a broad flan with flatness in peripheries, two dates on pillars side, nicely toned AXF, oddly overweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-unl.; CT-unl. 5.84 grams. Two dates, with overdate showing below cross only (first we have seen in this denomination), bold full pillarsand-waves and most of cross (both slightly off-center), toned VF+ with flat peripheries, a bit underweight (as made). Estimate: $200-up.

1026. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-609.

7.63 grams. Very neat urn shape aligned with the choice full pillarsand-waves (with some old scratches to left), off-center cross with much of king’s name and ordinal visible as a result, VF with toned fields, overweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

189


1027. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT1031. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-24; CTChoice, richly toned AXF with good but off-center

609. 6.64 grams.

full cross, full but doubled pillars-and-waves (two dates on that side). Pedigreed to the Jess Peters auction of March 1969 (lot #919) and to our Auction #14 (lot #1451). Estimate: $125-$200.

622. 6.28 grams. Good

full pillars-and-waves and cross, with two bold dates and contrasting toning, but only Fine+ from wear. Estimate: $125-$200.

Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1692VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT1028. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1684V. S-P39; KM-24; CT- 1032. 623. 6.59 grams. Full and bold but doubled and off-center pillars, the

Broad flan with excellent full pillars-and-waves and cross, just a bit worn (Fine+) with hole at top of pillars / bottom of cross (aligned axes), bold date and parts of two others, three assayers and mintmarks, good contrast from dark toning on fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

613. 6.92 grams.

cross a bit weaker but better centered, both with clear dates, AVF with hole near edge (not aligned with either axis). Estimate: $125-$200.

1033. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1693VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-

1029. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1686VR.

S-P40; KM-24;

Broad flan with good full pillars and cross, two full dates, three mintmarks and assayers, VF with edge-split, oddly overweight. Estimate: $250-$375.

CT-617. 7.64 grams.

624. 6.32 grams. Choice strike on a broad flan, with full four-digit date outside a complete pillars-and-waves, the cross-lions-castles also complete, with all three dates and mintmarks and assayers visible, choice VF+ with elegant reddish toning on fields. Estimate: $275-$400.

1034. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1697VR.

S-P40; KM-24;

Full pillars and nearly full cross, two dates, bold assayer and mintmark, somewhat thin and also tangentially clipped, Fine+ with flat areas but contrasting toning. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #1130. Estimate: $100-$150.

CT-628. 5.07 grams.

1030. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-

617. 6.17 grams. One pillar full and choice, off-center cross, two bold dates, king’s ordinal II, AXF with spotty toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1035. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1726Y, (Louis I). S-P43b; KM-34; CT-39. 6.30 grams. Nearly full pillars and cross with toned fields

but flat peripheries, Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

190


1041. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1744q. S-P50; KM-29a; CT-

1373. 6.62 grams. Bold full cross, nearly full pillars, two full assayers and

1036. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare. S- clear date, toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200. P43b; KM-34; CT-40. 6.47 grams. Three dates, including full four digits in 1042. Large lot of 22 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales: 1655E (2), legend, plus king’s ordinal PR (for Primero) in legend on other side, full pillars and cross, two bold assayers and two mintmarks, VF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1669E, 1695VR, 1698(F), 1702Y, 1717Y, 1723Y (3), 1731M, 1744C, 1752q, 1755q, 1756q, 1757q, 1758q, 1759q, 1764V(Y), 1766V-(Y) (2) and 1771V-Y. 136.86 grams total. Fine+ on average, nearly all with at least some toning, no holes but a few with light corrosion, all with clear dates and generally good crosses and pillars. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1043. Large lot of 20 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales: 1664E, 1037. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1732YA, rare. S-P45; KM-29a;

CT-1354. 6.69 grams. Good full cross, full pillars with nice full crown, two dates and three mintmarks, VF with lightly toned fields, edge-split. Estimate: $125-$200.

1708Y, 1727Y, 1728M, 1737E, 1741P, 1745q, 1748q, 1749q, 1756q, 1759q, 1762V-Y (2), 1763V-Y (2), 1764V-Y and date not visible (4). 121.73 grams total. Fine on average, one holed, one

salvaged, most with clear dates and all with at least partial crosses and pillars, nearly all with toned fields. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1044. Large lot of 18 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales: 1669E, 1678E, 1684V, 1694VR, 1695VR, 1707Y, 1720Y, 1728M, 1732M, 1739M, 1748q, 1753q, 1754q, 1758q, 1759q, 1761(V-Y), 1764(V-Y) and 1769(V-Y). 107.23 grams total. Fine

1038. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-29a; CT-

on average, eight with holes, most with toning, some with nice full crosses and/or pillars, generally clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

1363. 6.73 grams. Choice full cross, full but slightly off-center pillars, two dates and mintmarks, VF+ with greenish sediment on fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

1039. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1743C. S-P49; KM-29a; CT-

Choice bold cross and one pillar (both slightly offcenter) with dark toning on fields for great contrast, two clear assayers, XF. Estimate: $125-$200.

1371. 6.93 grams.

1045. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R (2, one of them

shield-type and the other 1743C) and 1R (1, 1712Y). 15.83 grams total. AVF with nice toning and good crosses, the 1R with small hole. Estimate: $200-$300.

1040. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1744C.

S-P49; KM-29a;

CT-1372. 6.57 grams. Good full cross and pillars (the latter slightly offcenter), Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1051. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1058.

2.76 grams. Three dates, including four-digit date in legend, on a thin

flan with full pillars-and-waves and most of cross, full king’s ordinal IIII, low-contrast AVF. Estimate: $80-$120.

1046. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob minors: 2R 1722Y and 1R 1685VR. 9.98 grams total. Both holed Fine but with nice toning and clear details. Estimate: $70-$100.

1052. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1659E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1059.

3.46 grams. Superb full inner details on both sides, with two dates and

all three mintmarks and assayers, beautifully toned AXF, simply lovely. Estimate: $100-$150.

1047. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1654E, •PH• at top. 2.68

grams. Choice full pillars, off-center cross, two dates, three assayers and mintmarks, full king’s ordinal IIII, VF+ with toned fields, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $80-$120.

1053. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1660E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1060.

3.38 grams. Broad flan with flat peripheries, full waves and one full pillar, two bold dates, VF with toning around details only. Estimate: $60-$90.

1048. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1654E, PH at top. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1054. 3.60 grams. Full

pillars and cross with two bold dates, three mintmarks, toned VF with very light surface corrosion (probably salvaged). Estimate: $60-$90.

1054. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1663E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1063. 3.99 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves, full cross, both with bold dates,

1049. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1655E, H at top. S-P37a; KM-

VF with dark staining near edge and some orange spots. Estimate: $60-$90.

13; CT-1055. 3.81 grams. Full

but off-center pillars and cross, two dates and mintmarks and assayers, curious variety, toned AVF. Estimate: $70-$100.

1055. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1669E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-705. 2.72 grams. Very odd shape, with one full pillar and full waves, off-

center cross, two dates and three assayers, king’s ordinal II, AVF with

1050. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1656E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1056. parts of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $60-$90.

2.92 grams. Choice full cross, off-center pillars with bold full waves, two full dates and mintmarks, VF with darkly toned fields (good contrast). Estimate: $70-$100.

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1056. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1673E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-709.

3.00 grams. Bold date above waves, most of cross, deeply toned AVF

with much peripheral flatness. Estimate: $60-$90.

1061. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684V. S-P39; KM-23; CT-722.

4.28 grams. Big, crude, odd-shaped flan (overweight, and with small piece folded over before striking) with good full cross, full but offcenter pillars, two dates, three assayers and mintmarks, toned VF. Estimate: $70-$100.

1057. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-711. 3.01 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross, two dates (includ-

ing four-digit date in legend) and assayers, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $70-$100.

1062. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-725.

2.47 grams. Sharp full pillars and cross, two dates and mintmarks, nice

XF. Estimate: $60-$90.

1058. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1679C. S-P38; KM-23; CT-716.

4.00 grams. Choice specimen with two bold dates, bold full pillars and cross (the latter slightly off-center), three assayers, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $80-$120.

1063. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-726.

2.74 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves with bold date, good full cross, VF with some peripheral flatness. Estimate: $60-$90.

1064. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-726. 2.88 grams. Good full cross and pillars-and-waves, two dates, three as-

sayers, Fine with toned fields for contrast. Estimate: $60-$90.

1059. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1682+81V, unique. S-P39;

KM-unl.; CT-unl. 3.93 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and nearly full

cross, two mintmarks and assayers and dates, the 82 below the cross weak but certain (first example we have seen). Estimate: $80-$120.

1065. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-

728. 2.49 grams. Choice

Estimate: $60-$90.

1060. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684V. S-P39; KM-23; CT-722. 2.81 grams. Full pillars-and-waves and cross, two dates, king’s ordinal

II, lightly toned VF+ with parts of edge crude. Estimate: $70-$100.

193

full pillars, good full cross, high grade (XF+).

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1066. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1697CH, rare. 1067. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, S-P41; KM-23; CT-736. 2.65 grams. Crude shape with sev-

eral points, full pillars and bold but incomplete cross, two full assayers, clear date with the 7 punched over something but decidedly not a 6, AVF with contrasting sediment on fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

1697CH, rare.

1068. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1697CH, rare.

S-P41; KM-23; CT-736.

2.43 grams. Small but cute flan (round

S-P41; KM-23; CT-736.

2.78 grams. Full cross with clear date and

with two points), full pillars and cross, two dates, three assayers, toned VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

assayer, full but partially flat pillars with clear second date (looks like 7/6), Fine with green spots. Estimate: $75-$110.

1070. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal,

1747q, rare, ex-Karon. S-P50a; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 2.93 grams. Good full cross, full but off-

center pillars-and-waves, evenly struck on an even flan (unlike the regular issues) and with aligned axes, two bold dates, toned VF with hole at bottom. Pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio auction of March 1990, lot #919). Estimate: $500-$750.

1069. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1727Y, (Louis I).

S-P43b;

Deeply toned VF with good full cross, offcenter pillars, bold date. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-33; CT-51. 3.70 grams.

1071. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal, 1754q, very rare,

ex-Karon. S-P54; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 1.94 grams. Super bold strike with full

pillars and cross, possibly cut down (underweight) but decidedly better struck than the regular issues, deeply toned AXF, holed at bottom of pillars side. Pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio auction of March 1990, lot #937). Estimate: $400-$600.

1072. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal, 1759q, very rare.

S-P54; KM-37; CT-605. 2.84 grams. Very bold full cross and pillars (much better strike than on regular issues and on an even flan), two dates and assayers, toned AXF with plugged hole at top (somewhat crude overall). Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1991 (lot #252). Estimate: $600-$900.

1073. Large lot of 33 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1652E, 1653E, 1656E, 1660E, 1664E, 1665E, 1673E, 1677E, 1679V,

1684VR, 1689VR (2), 1693VR, 1696VR, 1706Y, 1710Y, 1723Y, 1726Y, 1737E, 1756q, 1759q, 1760(V-Y) (2), 1765(V-Y) (2), 1768(V-Y), 1770(V-Y), 1771(V-Y) and date not visible (5). 95.59 grams total. Fine on average, most with clear dates and most with toning, only two holed, all with at least partial cross and pillars. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1074. Large lot of 33 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1655E, 1656E, 1662E, 1665E, 1666E, 1667E, 1689VR, 1698F (2), 1700F,

1701F, 1709Y (2), 1710Y, 1713Y, 1714Y (3), 1716Y, 1719Y, 1722Y, 1723Y, 1740M, 1742P, 1754C, 1755q, 1758q, 1759q, 1760(V-Y), 1763(V-Y), 1765(V-Y) (2), and 1766(V-Y). 102.58 grams total. Fine on average, most with clear dates and most with toning,

only one holed, a few salvaged, all with at least partial cross and pillars. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

194


1075. Large lot of 33 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1653E, 1658E (2), 1666E, 1669E, 1683V, 1686VR, 1723Y, 1745q, 1755q (2), 1756q, 1757q (2), 1760(V-Y) (2), 1762(V-Y), 1766(V-Y), 1767(V-Y), 1770(V-Y), 1772(V-Y) and date not visible (12).

95.42 grams total. Fine on average, most with clear dates and most with toning, only one holed, a few salvaged, all with at least partial crosses and pillars. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1076. Large lot of 32 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1652E (2), 1653E (2), 1655E, 1656E, 1660E (2), 1665E, 1666E, 1680V, 1683V, 1689VR (2), 1693VR, 1695VR, 1698F, 1705Y (2), 1714Y, 1726Y, 1732YA, 1739M, 1741P, 1745q, 1747q, 1750E, 1757q, 1762(V-Y), 1767(V-Y) and date not visible (2). 96.45 grams total. About half with holes but most with bold details (many with clear dates), generally full pillars and/or crosses, mostly toned, one with orange encrustation, Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1077. Large lot of 26 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1652E, 1653E, 1654E (2), 1655E, 1656E (2), 1657E, 1662E, 1663E, 1668E, 1674E, 1684V, 1685VR, 1686VR, 1686VR, 1697VR, 1698F, 1699F (2), 1715Y, 1718Y, 1741P, 1758q, 1761V-(Y) and 1768(V-Y). 79.35 grams total. Better-quality specimens with clear dates, mostly good crosses and/or pillars, most toned, only one with hole, Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

1078. Large lot of 20 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, various dates: 1657E, 1666E, 1688VR, 1689VR, 1705Y, 1718Y, 1719Y, 1724Y, 1727Y, 1740P, 1748q (2), 1751q, 1753E (2), 1755q, 1759q, 1761V-Y and date not visible (2). 52.01 grams total. VG-F

on average, two holed, one encrusted, most with clear dates and most of cross and/or pillars, toned fields. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

1079. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob minors: 1R 1715Y; 1/2R 1081. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R: 1654E, 1657E and 1700; and 1/2R Ferdinand VI (date not visible). 6.46 grams total.

Toned Fine or better with mostly clear details, the 1/2R 1700 with choice full cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

1662E. 5.04 grams total. All choice specimens with good monograms and crosses, also richly toned, better than Fine, the 1654 and 1657 dates particularly bold. Estimate: $200-$300.

1080. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, transitional-style monograms of 1652 and 1656 (rare). 2.47 grams total. Very in-

teresting lot for comparing the differences between the two types (the new Mastalir book on transitional minors a must for following along), one with monogram superimposed over a second cross and the other with small monogram unique to the period (that one holed), both lightly toned, F-VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

1082. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R: 1688 (2), 1698

and 1700. 6.33 grams total. Bold dates on all (one of the 1688s with two dates), also decent crosses and monograms, the 1700 holed, toned AVF overall. Estimate: $150-$225.

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195


1083. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, various dates: 1663,

1680, 1682, 1727 and date not visible. 6.93 grams total. Some

salvaged, variety of toning colors, some good details, Fine on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $75-$110.

1087. Huge lot of 100 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, dates not visible. 147.67 grams total. Mostly later-period specimens (Philip V

through Charles III) on small, chunky flans with dates not (or partially) visible but with good monograms and crosses, mostly toned, no holes but a few salvaged. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1088. Huge lot of 100 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, dates not visible. 145.86 grams total. Mostly later-period specimens (Philip V

through Charles III) on small, chunky flans with dates not (or partially) visible but with good monograms and crosses, mostly toned, no holes but a few salvaged. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1089. Huge lot of 100 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, dates not

1084. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R: 1700, 1715, 1744

and 1757. 5.44 grams. Bold dates and other good details, uneven toning, Fine on average, the 1700 holed. Estimate: $125-$200.

1085. Lot of 12 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Charles II through Charles III, most with dates visible. 17.19 grams total. Decent coins from a wide range of periods, some with bold details but holed (5) and some just worn or corroded, mostly toned, Fine on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

visible. 148.87 grams total. Mostly later-period specimens (Philip V through Charles III) on small, chunky flans with dates not (or partially) visible but with good monograms and crosses, mostly toned, one holed, a few salvaged. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1086. Large lot of 50 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R: 1663, 1670, 1688, 1690, 1691, 1701, 1707, 1712, 1714, 1722, 1725 (2), 1729, 1730 (2), 1732, 1734, 1737, 1739, 1740 (5), 1742, 1744 (3), 1745, 1746, 1750 (4), 1756 (4), 1757 (3), 1759 (3), 1765 (2), 1766, 1767, 1770 and 1771. 73.91 grams total.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Most with clear dates (some rare), a few salvaged but only one holed, mostly toned, all with at least partial monograms and/or crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Other Silver Cobs Dominican Republic

1091. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4

1090. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4

maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F, with key countermark indicating revaluation to 2 maravedís in 1577. S-SD1; CT-Type 134. 1.96 grams. Thin

and corroded host coin (About Fine at best) but with full and bold countermark, which is scarce, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #1180. Estimate: $60-$90.

maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer oF, with “S” countermark indicating importation to Jamaica (Santiago, 1581-2), very rare. S-SD1; CT-Type 134. 2.80 grams. Darkly toned Fine with clear pillars

and crowned Y, the latter with full oF to left and full S countermark of the long, thin variety, which links to a scheme whereby the governor imported coins from Santo Domingo and made a huge profit in the exchange rate from his cost of 1/25 real to a circulating value of 1/11 real per coin! With small “First Coins of the Caribbean” certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #873. Estimate: $100-$150.

196


Panama

Colombia

1094. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer E, NRE to left (1626-29), rare. S-C3; KM-2.4; Restrepo-M45.10. 27.26

grams. Nearly perfectly round flan with full shield and nearly full cross but crudely flat peripheries, clear mintmark-assayer NRE, lightly toned VF with light scratches, lions and castles transposed in shield but in proper quadrants in cross. Estimate: $600-$900.

1092. Panama(?), P countermark on a Seville, Spain, 1 real,

Ferdinand-Isabel, rare. 3.29 grams. Bold full countermark (deeply impressed) in the middle of the reverse of a lightly toned XF host with full details on both sides (even legends and crown) with tiny edge-split. Estimate: $600-$900.

1095. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer R below denomination IIII to left, castles and lions in proper quadrants, encapsulated NGC XF 40, rare. S-B6; KM-2.2; Restrepounl. (M35 for type). Choice full shield and cross with attractive toning all

over but slightly off-center strike, with bold denomination and assayer

1093. Panama(?), P countermark on a Spain (mint uncer- above king’s ordinal IIII, possible penultimate digit of date 4 (1640s), tain) 1/2 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, rare. 1.36 grams. Very bold full

lions and castles in proper quadrants in both shield and cross, which is unlisted in Restrepo. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

1096. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, posthumous Charles II (assayer Arce, 1703), rare. S-B11; KM-unl.; Restrepo-M53.2. 0.30

countermark near edge on arrows side of AVF host on broad flan with nearly full legends (Gothic lettering), off-center strike, some dark toning around details, hairline edge-split. Estimate: $600-$900.

gram. Crude (salvaged) Fine with castle and lion incomplete but clear enough to confirm the issue, which matches the castle and lion of the 8R of 1703. Estimate: $250-$375.

197


Guatemala

1097. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, (173)4 or (174)4J. S-G1. 26.77 grams. Off-center strike with bold assayer to left of nearly full shield, bold 4 of date (very rare if 1744) and full mintmark G below one full pillar, high grade for the issue (AXF). Estimate: $300-$450.

1101. Lot of 6 Guatemala cob minors: one 4R with sun1098. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1752J.

S-G1a; KM-12; CT-284.

26.83 grams. Nice full pillars and waves and crowned globes, good but

off-center crowned shield, full assayer and mintmark and most of date, lightly toned VF for type, with small hole in point near edge. Pedigreed to our Auction #16, with original lot-tag #688. Estimate: $200-$300.

over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839), date not visible; two 2R, 1738 and 1750; and three 1R, 1737, 1748 and 1752. 34.91 grams total. Nice little “starter collection” of Guatemala

cobs, all nicely toned, VG-F on average, all but the 1R 1748 holed. Estimate: $400-$600.

1102. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1737(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1169. 6.09 grams. Full date and pillars-and-globes

despite poor centers, full (well-centered) shield, VG with toned fields, hole at edge. Estimate: $90-$135.

1103. Guatemala, cob 2 re-

ales, 1738(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-

Bold full date and mintmark, most of shield but otherwise flat (as made), net VG, toned on fields, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100-$150.

1170. 5.60 grams.

1099. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1753(J). S-G1a; KM-12; CT-285.

26.77 grams. Full date below nice full crowned globes and waves, weaker full shield, typically holed in edge-point, richly toned AVF for type. Estimate: $250-$375.

1104. Guatemala, cob 2

reales, 1739(J).

S-G1; KM-4;

Off-center VG+ with full date and mintmark, full crown, toned fields, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100-$150. CT-1171. 5.32 grams.

1105. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1739(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1171. 5.46 1100. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1752J.

S-G1a; KM-11; CT-393.

12.91 grams. Very bold full date, full assayer and king’s ordinal VI on

a toned VG with old hole, test-scratch and natural lacuna near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

grams. Bold full date and assayer with good contrast on off-center pillars side, the shield side completely flat but with some odd “horn silver” on surface, Good-Fair, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100-$150.

198


1106. Guatemala, cob 2 re-

Spain

ales, 1745(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1177.

5.80 grams. Good full date but rest

Ferdinand-Isabel

of coin flat, Good with patchy toning, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100-$150.

1107. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, (1)750J. S-G1a; KM-10; CT-455. 5.71 grams. Full

crowned globes, bold assayer to left of full crown, AVG with light toning, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $90-$135.

1112. Burgos, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, pot and cross at end of reverse legend. CT-290. 3.00 grams. Full inner details and nearly full legends (Gothic lettering), AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $70-$100.

1108. Guatemala, cob 2 re-

ales, 1751J. S-G1a; KM-10; CT-456.

5.45 grams. Bold date and mintmark

and assayer, nearly full shield and pillars-and-globes, About Fine, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100$150.

1113. Seville, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, circlets flank-

ing shield, backwards-S mintmark to left of yoke-and-arrows (no star). CT-unl. 3.25 grams. Good full crown and shield, slightly crude

reverse with much legend (Latin) on both sides, VF/XF with patchy 1109. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1752(?)J, with heart-shaped toning and hint of corrosion, slightly wavy flan. Pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #893. Estimate: $60-$90. natural bubble-hole in center. S-G1a; KM-10; CT-457. 6.45 grams. Very bold 17 of date and mintmark G, full assayer •J• and denomination •2•, one full pillar and full shield, nicely toned Fine, attractive natural hole in center with lacunae to edge. Estimate: $100-up.

1110. Guatemala, cob 2 reales,

1752(J). S-G1a; KM-10; CT-457. 5.58 grams. Bold full date with contrast-

ing toning, Good overall, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $100-$150.

1111. Lot of 10 Guatemala cob 1R (all assayer J): 1738, 1739, 1741 (2), 1743 (3), 1750, 1752 (2). 27.71 grams total. Typical G-VG specimens but atypical in that only one has a hole, generally toned fields, clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1114. Lot of 2 Spain (mints of Granada and Seville) 1R,

Ferdinand-Isabel. 6.06 grams. Full inner details and nearly full legends (the Granada rounder and with Gothic lettering as opposed to Latin on the Seville), both VF but the Granada lightly corroded. Estimate: $125-$200.

1115. Lot of 3 Spain (various mints) 1R (2) and 1/2R (1) of Ferdinand-Isabel. 6.92 grams total. All slightly damaged (chip in

edge, surface corrosion, light wrinkling) but well detailed, all Gothic legends, nicely toned, F-VF overall. Estimate: $70-$100.

199


1116. Seville, Spain, 1/2 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * to left of mintmark S inside yoke. CT-Type 244. 1.62 grams. Very bold full yoke and arrows, much legend but with some flatness and tiny chips in edge, toned XF otherwise. Estimate: $60-$90.

1120. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer M-incircle below mintmark oT to left. CT-414. 13.54 grams. Bold full

mintmark-assayer and denomination flanking full and mostly bold but partially flat shield, good full cross, VF with toning around details, hairline edge-splits. Estimate: $200-$300.

1121. Seville, Spain, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Gothic 1117. Lot of 2 Spain (mints of Granada and Seville) 1/2R, D below mintmark S to left and twice outside tressure on

Ferdinand-Isabel. 2.58 grams total. Lightly corroded Fine (both) with clear yokes and arrows. Estimate: $100-$150.

Ferdinand-Isabel and Charles I

reverse (at 4 o’clock and 8 o’clock). CT-664. 3.23 grams. Choice full shield and cross with bold mintmark-assayer and denomination, king’s ordinal •II• full in legend, XF with traces of surface porosity. Estimate: $80-$120.

Philip II or III

1122. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 4 reales, Philip II or III,

1118. Lot of 2 early Spanish minors: 1R, Toledo, Ferdinand-

Isabel; and copper cornado, Pamplona, Charles I. 7.01 grams total. Both AVF, the 1R with full inner details and choice bold legends (Gothic), the cornado with bold pillars and N enhanced by light sediment on dark fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

assayer not visible. 13.74 grams. Richly old-toned VF+ with nice full shield and cross, bold denomination, minor edge-splits. Estimate: $90-$135.

Philip III

Philip II

1123. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer B. CTChoice specimen with full and bold shield and cross and crown, mintmark-assayer S-B and denomination IIII, VF+ with nice toning, very light surface porosity. Estimate: $100-$150.

Type 90. 12.85 grams.

1119. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Gothic

D at 4 o’clock outside tressure on reverse. CT-390. 13.63 grams.

Nice full shield and cross, bold mintmark and denomination, some legend, richly toned AVF with small edge-crack. Estimate: $150-$225.

200


Philip IV

1124. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, (16)17V. CT-301. 13.36 grams.

Nicely toned VF with good full cross and shield and crown (all slightly off-center), full oT-V and •1•7 of date. Estimate: $150-$225.

1130. Segovia, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. CT-Type 127. 26.66 grams. Bold full cross and crown, full but doubled shield, clear mintmark, thick and somewhat chunky flan, nicely toned AXF. Estimate: $200-$300.

1125. Lot of 2 Spain (mints uncertain) cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible. 27.00 grams total. Good full crosses and

shields, one with dark toning (but cross slightly doubled), VF or better, no peripheral detail. Estimate: $125-$200.

Philip III and IV

1126. Lot of 5 Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip III and 1131. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer R. CT-Type IV, assayers D, G and not visible. 135.92 grams total. Fine on

average, lightly toned, one with black spots and another with orange encrustation, generally crude flans with decent crosses and shields. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

1127. Lot of 2 Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III or IV,

one dated (1)621, assayers not visible. 27.43 grams total. Lightly

toned but somewhat crude Fine (both), one with 16 of date and the other with 621 visible. Estimate: $125-$200.

127. 27.41 grams. Superb full shield and cross, bold full •S-R•, non-toned

XF, very thick flan with sharply cut edge. Estimate: $175-$250.

1132. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer R. CT-Type

127. 27.51 grams. Nearly full shield and cross, full •S-R•, toned Fine with

edge-crack and crude peripheries. Estimate: $75-$110.

1128. Large lot of 37 Spanish cob 4 reales, Philip III and IV, various mints and assayers (where visible). 492.87 grams total.

F-VF on average, all toned (mostly light, a few dark), several encrusted, generally full shields and crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1129. Large lot of 29 Spanish cob 2 reales, Philip III and IV, various mints and assayers (where visible). 194.77 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, lightly toned F-VF on average,

great lot for jewelry. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1133. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. CT-Type 127. 26.48 grams. Good full cross and shield (off-center

and very slightly doubled) and denomination but peripheries flat, AXF. Estimate: $150-$225.

201


1134. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not vis-

ible. CT-Type 127. 27.13 grams. Nearly full shield and cross on a broad

flan with clear denomination but peripheries otherwise flat, AVF with patchy toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

1135. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not

visible. CT-Type 127. 26.29 grams. Exceptionally full and well-detailed crown, nearly full shield and cross but unevenly struck (uneven flan), non-toned Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

1136. Lot of 2 Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer R. CT-Type 127. 54.49 grams total. Interesting comparison in that one coin is well struck on a broad flan and the other is weakly struck on a small flan, the nicer one slightly doubled and with peripheries mostly flat except a curiously tiny king’s ordinal IIII, both toned, F-AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

Charles II

1137. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, (16)30, assayer not visible. CT-unl. (Type

163). 13.81 grams. Nice full cross, off-center shield with full king’s name and denomination •IIII•, clear 30 of date, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

1138. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer R. CT-Type 163. 13.28

grams. Good full cross, full shield with clear denomination and assayer, AVF. Estimate: $90-$135.

1139. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Charles II, assayer M below mintmark S to left, rare. CT-unl. 13.62 grams. Rare issue (unlisted in CT) with unusually well-detailed full shield and cross, full assayer, XF+ with colorful toning in crevices. Estimate: $125-$200.

Various Kings

1140. Lot of 10 Spanish copper cobs and medieval billon coins, including one Santo Domingo 4 maravedís of Charles-

Joanna. 36.58 grams total. Fine on average with generally good details but four brightly cleaned and polished, the others more or less encrusted, the Santo Domingo coin with large edge-crack. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $70-$100.

Miscellaneous

1141. Mixed lot of 14 cob 1R (13) and 1/2R (1), mints of Mexico, Lima, Potosí and Spain, 1500s to 1700s. 36.31 grams total. A sundry group of types and periods (from Ferdinand-Isabel to Philip V), a few salvaged but no holes, all toned, all with decent details (a few dated), Fine+ on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

1142. Mixed lot of 10 Spanish colonial cob 1/2R, mints of Mexico, Lima and Potosí, various periods (1600s-1700s). 11.65 grams. Mostly decent crosses and monograms (a few full), a couple with dates, toned Fine on average. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO.

Estimate: $100-$150.

202


Ancient Coins Ancient Greek Aeolis

1143. Aeolis, Cyme, AR tetradrachm, mid-2nd century BC, encapsulated NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 3/5. Oakley, ANSMN-27; SNG Copenhagen-103. 16.33 grams.

Diademed head of the Amazon Cyme right / Horse standing right, left foreleg raised, one-handled skyphos (cup) below, lettering to right, lettering in exergue; all within laurel-wreath. Lustrous and superbly well-detailed all over. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Attica

1144. Attica, Athens, AR tetradrachm, ca. 440-404 BC, encapsulated NGC AU, strike

5/5, surface 4/5. SNG-Copenhagen 39. 17.21 grams. Helmeted head of Athena right, in crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind. Small, fat flan (extra thick holder) with choice details and luster, very slightly off-center owl. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

203


Ionia

Boeotia

1145. Boeotia, Thebes, AR stater, ca. 395-338 BC, encap-

sulated NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 4/5. Hepworth-50; BCD

Boeotia-488; BMC-148. 12.04 grams. Boeotian

shield / HI-KE to left and right of kantharos; wreath above. Bold strike (extra thick holder) with light wear on high points, very slightly off-center reverse. Estimate: $500-$750.

Corinthia 1148. Ionia, Ephesus, AR tetradrachm, ca. 4th century BC, encapsulated NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. Waddington-1540 corr.; Traite-1883.100 corr.; Hecatomnus-15-18; Paris-408; Vienna-31.095.

15.22 grams. Bee with straight wings / Forepart of stag recumbent right,

head left, palm tree to left. Nicely detailed for the grade, the bee side slightly off center, with hint of red toning. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1146. Corinthia, Corinth, AR drachm, ca. 350-280 BC, encapsulated NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. SNG Copenhagen-118. 2.68 grams. Pegasos flying right / Head of the Nymph Peirene.

Slightly off-center strike with full details nonetheless, light wear on high points. Estimate: $400-$600.

1149. Ionia, Ephesus, AR cistophorus, after ca. 133 BC, encapsulated NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5. 12.68 grams.

Cista mystica containing serpent, all within ivy wreath / Bow in case between two coiled serpents. Lustrous and fully detailed (yet still circulated), the cista mystica side slightly off-center. Estimate: $150-$225.

Eastern Celtic Imitations

Islands off Attica

1147. Eastern Celtic imitation of an ancient Greek AR

tetradrachm, Kings of Macedon, Philip II, 2nd century BC.

6.45 grams. Celticized laureate head of Zeus right / Celticized horse

prancing left. Fanciful renderings on both sides, toned Fine, somewhat cupped. Estimate: $100-$150.

1150. Aegina, Islands off Attica, AR stater, ca. 525-480 BC. 12.11 grams. Smooth-shelled sea turtle / Quadripartite incuse square.

The turtle complete, Fine+ with toning, slightly porous surfaces. Estimate: $150-$225.

204


Islands off Thrace

1151. Thasos, Islands off Thrace, AR stater, 500-480 BC. SNG Copenhagen-1010-1012; Kraay, ACGC-520. 8.10 grams. Satyr carrying off

protesting nymph / Quadripartite incuse square. Full details in Fine grade with light toning. Estimate: $150-$250.

Kings of Macedon

1155. Kings of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Alexander III

(“the Great”), 336-323 BC, lifetime issue, encapsulated NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 3/5. Price-3426. 17.25 grams. Head of

Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram in left field. Lustrous, with choice full details, well-centered, with small lamination on ear (extra thick holder). Estimate: $600-$900.

1152. Kings of Macedon, AR tetraobol, Perdicas II, 454413 BC. 1.89 grams. Horse walking right / Helmet in linear incuse square. Nearly full details (well centered), lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

1156. Kings of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Alexander III

(“the Great”), 336-323 BC, early posthumous issue, encapsulated NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. Price-111. 17.24 grams.

Head of Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; antler in left field. Lustrous, fully detailed and well centered (extra thick holder). Estimate: $600-$900.

1153. Kings of Macedon, AR drachm, Philip II, 359-336

BC. 2.52 grams. Head of Apollo right bound in tainia / Naked youth on horseback prancing right, letters below. Choice VF details on both sides, hint of luster. Estimate: $100-$150.

1157. Kings of Macedon, AR drachm, Alexander III (“the Great”), 336-323 BC, early posthumous issue, encapsulated NGC Ch AU*, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. 4.12 grams. Head of

Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; encircled N in left field, crescent below throne. Choice luster, full details. Estimate: $250-$375.

1158. Kings of Macedon, AR drachm, Philip III, 323-317 1154. Kings of Macedon, AV stater, Alexander III (“the

Great”), 336-323 BC, early posthumous issue, encapsulated NGC Ch AU, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. 8.57 grams. Helmeted head

of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis, M in wreath left and griffin head below. Lustrous, fully detailed and well centered, just a tiny bit of flattening on highest points. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

BC, encapsulated NGC Ch AU, strike 5/5, surface 5/5. Price-

Head of Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram in left field. Full details, hint of toning and luster. Estimate: $250-$375. P46. 4.31 grams.

205


Kings of Thrace

Sikyonia

1159. Kingdom of Thrace, AR drachm, Lysimachus, 305-

281 BC, Kolophon mint, encapsulated NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 5/5. Mueller-20; Price-L28; Thompson-127; SNG Copenhagen-1079. 4.41

grams. Head of Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated

left, holding eagle and scepter, forepart of lion above crescent in left field, pentagram beneath throne. Choice bold details with radial striking lines on obverse, lustrous and well centered. Estimate: $250-$375.

Macedon under Rome

1162. Sikyonia, Sikyon, AR stater, ca. 400-323 BC, encapsulated NGC Ch AU, strike 5/5, surface 4/5, fine style. BMC-10.40, Chimaera facing left, fore-paw raised, wreath above / Dove flying left, “N� before, all within wreath. A beautiful example, featuring a sharp strike with fine style dies on a planchet of high quality. Choice full details, the dove side lustrous and fully Mint State, Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

57; BCD Peloponnesos-218. 12.26 grams.

1160. Macedon under Rome, AR tetradrachm, First Meris,

ca. 167-148 BC, encapsulated NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 4/5. SNG Copenhagen-1310. 16.85 grams. Draped bust of Artemis right,

wearing stephane, bow and quiver over far shoulder, in tondo of Macedonian shield / Horizontal club, all within oak wreath with ties to left, vertical thunderbolt to left of ties, AP monogram above. Bold full details, well centered and with traces of incipient toning (extra thick holder). Estimate: $350-$500.

Thracian Islands

Moesia

1163. Thrace, Island of Thasos, AR tetradrachm, 2nd-1st

centuries BC, imitative series (?), encapsulated NGC AU, strike 4/5, surface 4/5. Dewing-1344, BMC-74, SNG Oxford-3693; SNG

Head of Dionysos right wreathed with ivy leaves / Nude Herakles standing left, holding club and lion skin, MH monogram to left. Full and intricate details with light toning and underlying luster, very slightly off-center. Estimate: $250-$375.

Copenhagen-1040. 16.90 grams.

1161. Moesia, Istrus, AR drachm, 4th century BC, encapsulated NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 5/5. AMNG-416; BMC-2. 5.96

grams. Two male heads facing, the left inverted / Lettering above sea eagle left on dolphin, letter A beneath dolphin. Lustrous and bold, the full details slightly off-center. Estimate: $250-$375.

206

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


Ancient Roman Roman Republic

1168. Roman Republic, AR denarius serratus, L. Memmius 1164. Roman Republic, AR denarius, ca. 207 BC. Cr. Craw-

ford-57/2; Sydenham-265. 4.36 grams. Helmeted head of Roma with winged

helmet right, behind, mark of value X / Dioscuri galloping right, star above each rider’s head, crescent above, ROMA in exergue. Rainbowtoned XF with parts of edge crude, full and well-centered details. Estimate: $100-$150.

1165. Roman Republic, AR denarius, L. Antestius Gragu-

lus, 136 BC. Crawford-238/1; Sydenham-451. 3.85 grams. Helmeted head of Roma with winged helmet right, GRAG behind / Jupiter in fast quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter; L•ANTES below horses, ROMA in exergue. Toned AVF, full details, well centered. Estimate: $100-$150.

Galeria, ca. 106 BC, encapsulated NGC MS, strike 4/5, surface 5/5. Crawford-313/1b; Sydenham-574. 4.03 grams. Laureate head of

Saturn left; •S before, ROMA and harpa behind / Venus in biga right, Cupid flying above with laurel wreath, L MEMMI GAL in two lines in exergue. Choice details with luster on fields, light rainbow toning on obverse only, slightly off-center reverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

1169. Roman Republic (Iberian Peninsula), AR denarius, ca. 100-70 BC, Belikio. 3.67 grams. Bust facing right with two

letters behind / Horseman with lance with lettering below (imitative issue). Bold VF with blue toning on obverse, hint of luster on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

Roman Imperatorial

1166. Roman Republic, AR denarius, P. Maenius M. f. Antias or Antiaticus, 132 BC. Crawford-249/1; Sydenham-492. 3.80 grams. Helmeted head of Roma with winged helmet right / Victory in prancing quadriga right, P•MAE ANT below, ROMA in exergue. Toned AVF, full details, well centered. Estimate: $100-$150.

1170. Roman Imperatorial, AR legionary denarius, Marc Antony, 32-31 BC, encapsulated NGC Ch AU, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, graffito. Crawford-544/15; Sydenham-1217; RSC-28. 3.92

grams. Galley to right / LEG III, aquila and two legionary standards. Lightly toned with underlying luster, nice details but off-center obverse with scratched-in letters in top field. Estimate: $600-$900.

1167. Roman Republic, AR denarius, C. Fonteius, 114113 BC, Janus and galley. Crawford-290/1; Sydenham-555; Fonteia-1.

3.89 grams. Janiform head of the Dioscuri, control letter left, * right

/ C FONT, galley with pilot and three oarsman, ROMA in exergue. Lightly toned XF, nice details, obverse slightly off-center. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


Roman Empire

1174. Roman Empire, AR denarius, Antoninus Pius, 138-

161 AD, encapsulated NGC Ch XF. RIC-203; RSC-196. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XV, laureate head right / COS IIII, Vesta standing left, holding simpulum and palladium. Bold details, somewhat lustrous. Estimate: $90-$135.

1171. Roman Empire, AR denarius, Augustus, 27 BC-14

AD, Lugdunum mint, encapsulated NGC Ch AU, strike 4/5, surface 5/5. RIC I-207; Lyon-82; RSC-43. 3.86 grams. Laureate head right

/ Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, two shields and two spears between them; above, on left, simpulum right, and on right, lituus left. Red-orange toning around bold details, lustrous fields, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $600-$900.

1175. Roman Empire, AR argenteus, Diocletian, 284-305 AD, encapsulated NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 5/5. RIC-27a.

DIOCLETI — ANVS AVG Laureate head right / VIRTVS — MILITVM, the four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before six-turreted camp gate. Brilliant with luster and perfectly struck, with prominent radial stress lines. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1172. Roman Empire, AR denarius, Tiberius, 14-37 AD, “tribute penny,” Lugdunum mint. BMC-48; RIC-30; CBN-33. 3.85

grams. TI CAESAR DIVI — AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, draped female figure (Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with ornamented legs, holding long scepter and branch. Bold VF+ details with deep toning all over, nice strike. Estimate: $200-$300.

1176. Roman Empire, AR argenteus, Constantius I, 305-306

AD, encapsulated NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 5/5. RIC VI29a; RSC-314a. CONSTAN-TIVS CAES, laureate head right / VIRTVS

1173. Roman Empire, AR denarius, Faustina Sr., posthu-

mous issue, 138-140/1 AD, encapsulated NGC Ch XF. RIC-362; RSC-104; BMC-421. DIVA FAV-STINA, draped bust right / AVG-VSTA,

MILITVM, four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. Brilliant with luster and perfectly struck, with prominent radial stress lines. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Ceres, veiled, standing left, holding torch and raising robe. Choice details for the stated grade, with hints of luster. Estimate: $90-$135.

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1177. Large lot of 42 ancient bronze coins, the majority (40) from the Roman Empire (3rd-4th century AD) but one each Ancient Greek (Athens, Attica, 4th-3rd century BC) and Byzantine Empire (3rd-4th century AD). 10” x 11-1/2” x 1” binder. This is a collection, each coin neatly tagged (with rubbing and attribution) and stored in plastic pages for display, all with original patina and grading from Good to VF, with list of attributions and some original receipts in back. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

Byzantine Empire 1178. Byzantine Empire, AV solidus, Tiberius III, 698-705 AD, encapsulated NGC MS, strike 4/5, surface 4/5. DOC-1a;

MIB-1; SB-1360. 4.40 grams. Crowned and cuirassed bust of Tiberius III facing, holding spear in his right hand and with shield over his left shoulder / Cross potent on base and three steps. Highly lustrous, with choice full inner details, slightly crude around the edge (as made), the reverse very slightly off-center. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Coinage from the Province of La Rioja, 1824-29 By Mariano Cohen (translated by Fátima Madonna, edited in English by Daniel Sedwick, the original Spanish edition first published in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in the Aportes de Numismática e Historia (Vol. II, 2015) of the Instituto Bonaerense de Numismática y Antigüedades, compiled by Arnaldo J. Cunietti-Ferrando [Buenos Aires, Argentina])

Province of La Rioja, Argentina

Facundo Quiroga

This article could be titled “La Rioja coins during the rise of Facundo Quiroga.”1 We start in 1823, which began with Quiroga in a struggle against the governor, Nicolas Dávila, who had set up government in Chilecito for the purposes of minting new coins and, in doing so, needed to get rid of the influence from “El Tigre de los Llanos” (Facundo Quiroga). After long months of comings and goings and attempts at negotiation, the dispute was resolved (in Quiroga’s favor) by the battle of “El Puesto” in March of 1823. It was a minor event in that there were only five casualties, all on the part of the governor, but including one of his brothers. Dávila’s great-grandson, the distinguished Joaquin V. González, in his famous book Mis montañas (My Mountains), dedicated a chapter to him titled “El coronel Don Nicolas Dávila” (“The Colonel Mr. Nicolas Dávila”). After El Puesto, Quiroga took over the government for just three months and handed over power to Don Baltazar Agüero in July; this next governor was a key figure in the first official coinage made in La Rioja.

1 Real 1824 On March 26, 1824, the provincial Board of Representatives announced to the five provincial departments the upcoming issue of monedas de cordoncillo (milled-edge coins), and on March 31 two dozen samples were sent to each department. We assume that 1. In the early years of Independence, federalist caudillo Juan Facundo Quiroga entered the provincial army and quickly rose to command. In 1821 a division

led by Francisco Solano del Corro, a rebel from the Ejércíto de los Andes, tried to pass through La Rioja and was stopped by its governor, Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo, but eventually took over. Del Corro’s second-in-command, Francisco Aldao, rose up against del Corro and soon after that Quiroga and his troops from neighboring San Juan saved the day by defeating Aldao, his first victory and the beginning of his influence there. Quiroga installed Nicolas Dávila as the new governor, but in time Dávila came into conflict with the legislature and with Quiroga himself.

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the coins sent were of the 1-real denomination, since the author Jorge Ferrari mentions he owns a letter from that date on which a wax seal of the design of the 1-real coin can be seen. From this early date, Quiroga is a key figure, for many documents in his archives account for his almost daily contact with the governor and the mayor of the capital city, asking for help, money, and copper, and mentioning the most meticulous details on the progress of the minting work. On April 2 a dozen coins were sent to Córdoba, and the same amount to Buenos Aires, requesting that they be accepted for circulation in those provinces, and expressing thanks for the supplied help, especially for copper and tools. Without a doubt the coins’ acceptance was key, and for that reason the coins bore the national arms and legends similar to the monedas patrias (made in Potosí) made in 1813 and 1815. On May 6 the governor told Quiroga that they had not minted gold yet because the interested parties (capitalists) had not decided to do so and were waiting for the response from Buenos Aires and Córdoba about circulation of the silver coins. However, on May 24, two gold pieces of 2 escudos were sent to both provinces; the early documents only mention delivering coins and metals without many details. These documents can be found in the National Archives (Archivo General de la Nación).

2 Escudos 1824 On July 9 new pieces were sent; we can only suppose they were 2 soles, which hadn’t been sent before, because we know there were three deliveries before September 2 whose denominations were expressly mentioned in detail as 1 real, 2 soles and 2 escudos.

2 Soles 1824 The government of Buenos Aires requested details on the minting, to which La Rioja answered that for gold in fineness of 22 karat they made 68 escudos per marco and for silver in fineness of 11 dineros they made 68 reales per marco, superior to the Potosí coins, at least at the time. We have analyzed the 1 real at the National Institute of Technology and Industry (INTI) and the result was 94% silver and 6% copper. We suppose that La Rioja was very careful with the coins sent to other provinces, although of course this could not be verified for all the coins. These pieces show the letters DS, which despite wide debates have not been deciphered to date. The only theory that comes to mind is “Sociedad de Directores” (Directors’ Society), since the investment behind the striking was made by private capitalists, or some other department or district name in La Rioja with the initial S that is unknown to us. On August 14 Agüero sent a public announcement inviting all the neighbors from La Rioja to form a commercial association to run the mint because the state did not have enough funds to make it work. As he did not succeed, on October 23 he decided to extend the benefits, and on November 16 he called a meeting for the shareholders. They must have decided to go ahead with the investment, for the next day another public announcement invited whoever has colonial silver bullion piñas2 and scrap to sell them to the city treasury at a beneficial price. They also decided to close the subscription—each of them had put 1000 pesos into it— and to invite all the departments in the province to join in, explaining that there would be a new meeting on February 15, 1825, and that they agreed to begin, with a quarter of the shares at that moment, the “Sociedad de Buenos Aires para trabajar el Mineral 2. A form of silver bullion that occurred after purification by heating in a bell-shaped mold with central post, after which the outer surface was cut into octagonal cross-section, producing a pineapple-shaped cylinder with granular sides.

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de Famatina” (Buenos Aires society for working the minerals of Famatina). This very important event will be referred to later. In January 1825, Augusto Faucon (or Fauçon) arrived at La Rioja with a letter of recommendation from Braulio Costa contracting him to build machinery for the new mint. On February 3 Agüero writes to Quiroga asking him to join in as shareholder because it is very important that he is seen to be a part of it, and Quiroga immediately sends the corresponding 1000 pesos. In the above-mentioned meeting in February, it was said that seven thousand pesos were collected, one thousand per shareholder, and that Sociedad de Buenos Aires should put in 1000 pesos more to complete the quarter part of the company. That last share would be in materials, officially beginning their operation. It was also declared that profits would be shared as two tenths for the state, two tenths for the Sociedad de Buenos Aires, and one tenth for each of the six remaining shareholders, being of equal percentage in their investment. In contrast to another reference work, we believe that 1 real and 2 soles pieces with the lettering RA CA were issued from this time; the 1 real being very rare (less than 5 pieces known) and the 2 soles very scarce, even though 4 varieties of obverse and 3 varieties of reverse and their various combinations are known at present, thanks to superb die-study by Carlos Janson. Mitchell maintained in his great work that these coins were only minted between July and August, but he did not know the varieties we are lucky enough to be able to analyze today.

1 Real RA CA and 2 Soles RA CA On July 28 the shareholders of the mint gathered and balanced accounts in order to pay back to each one of them the initial share of capital on August 29. The parties agreed to close the company because of their interest in a new bailout bank, whose full status we know thanks to Carlos Segreti. It was approved by the government in September. It is worth mentioning that many of the shareholders were political authorities or relatives. The exact name was “Banco de Rescates y Casa de Moneda” (bailout bank and mint), established in La Rioja. We must remember that the former company had an available capital of 8000 pesos. The new company would issue shares of 500,000 pesos, being 2500 shares of 200 pesos to be sold in the London stock market, taking into account that collecting half that amount of capital would begin the work in the mint. The 2 soles with lettering “CaDeBas” would come from this period, being much more abundant than the previous issue, but with a similar amount of dies: 5 obverses and 4 reverses. There was also a scarce 2 escudos with the same lettering.

2 Soles and 2 Escudos CaDeBas At least 400 of the shares were in the hands of Quiroga, which gives an idea of how involved he was in the affair. It has always been taken as a matter of fact, at least from Ferrari’s 1962 book, that the lettering on these coins stood for Compañía de Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Company). This seems debatable to me, since although coins were meant to be of national circulation, the image of Buenos Aires was

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not in high regard in the interior. Note the name of the company was Banco de Rescates y Casa de Moneda and not Compañía de Buenos Aires. More logically “Bas” could stand for “Banco de Rescates,” hypothetically making the acronym CaDeBas stand for Compañía de Banco de Rescates. Other possible interpretations are “Compañía Accionistas” (shareholders’ company) or “Casa de Amonedación” (house of coining, i.e., mint), but there is no reliable documentation. In any case I feel sure the lettering does NOT refer to Buenos Aires. On November 15 Juan Fernandez Molina started as the accountant and continued up to August 1826. In January of that year appears the clerk Mariano Alvarez, who had worked in Potosí and Córdoba and appeared in many documents such as in the recognition of the counterfeit coins from Salta and in the report for the establishment of the never-accomplished second mint in Córdoba in 1818, together with Don Jose Arroyo (the director of the Mendoza mint). Regarding the assayer, thanks to Cunietti we know that he was Don Manuel Piñeyro y Pardo, who started his career in Potosí in 1810, after which he went to La Rioja and founded the local smeltery. In 1815 he was moved to Córdoba, as requested by governor Diaz, to install the first mint. After its closure, he was the only employee who kept his salary as guardian of the tools, which are believed to have been moved to La Rioja during Dávila’s government, thanks to efforts made by Castro Barros. It is very probable that Don Manuel was in La Rioja for some time before, but there is no evidence except for a request asking for his transfer from Córdoba in 1822. The president of the administrative board, Jose Benito Villafañe, was the former governor and mayor of the capital city, and a very close friend of Facundo Quiroga. On April 18 there is record of the first arrival of amalgam to begin the coinage, which the clerk recorded as 3720 pieces of 2 soles. It is believed that from this date the pieces bore the letter P for the assayer, and before that they were minted without assayer-mark; although this sounds reasonable, it is not a matter of record.

2 Soles 1826 without P and 2 Soles 1826 with P On May 2 the first 318 pieces of 2 escudos were issued; being the first ones, they were probably the variety without P. In June, the 8 reales and first onzas (8 escudos) from La Rioja appeared. Some time ago in an old collection an unknown variety of 8 reales appeared. In the monumental “Quiroga Archive” digitized by the Ravignani Institute we find that, on June 15, Villafañe sent two pieces of 8 reales, saying that six have been minted as proofs and the next would come out better. Note in the photo we can see the lack of points in the borders, clearly relating to 1813 and 1815 pieces if we take into account that the main workers here had worked in Potosí. We undoubtedly believe this photo is one of those rare samples:

Ensayo

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In January 1826 in Buenos Aires the Congress tried to create a National Bank exclusively entitled to mint coins in all the territories of the country. After a long discussion, a new bank was authorized to make an operation with La Rioja to nationalize the mint. It should be considered that many authorities in the new bank were shareholders in the company entitled to mint in La Rioja, and were part of an economic group led by Braulio Costa. On July 12 the members of the shareholder company signed an agreement with the National President Bernardino Rivadavia passing the establishment of the bank for the sum of 250 thousand pesos in current currency to be paid in 2-1/2 years with an annual interest rate of 6%. This was the fiduciary money issued by the Bank of Buenos Aires, bank notes that had diminished credit and only circulated for a short time in some provinces, not including La Rioja and a few in the north. This situation meant an insurmountable obstacle for business, leading to the almost immediate rejection. On September 18 La Rioja’s legislature passed a law in which the Republic’s president was not recognized, repealing the law that created the National Bank in the territory, and on January 15 the congressmen left parliament. In June, Rivadavia quit, Vicente Lopez y Planes became the temporary president, and Buenos Aires was given back its autonomy, fostering civil war and provincial autonomies. On August 12 Manuel Dorrego was elected Governor and, four days later, Lopez y Planes quit. How did this quarrel start? On November 24, 1823, a decree by the governor of Buenos Aires, Martin Rodriguez, authorized the Minister of International Relations and Government, Bernardino Rivadavia, to encourage the formation of a society in England to exploit the gold and silver mines in Provincias Unidas. The same day, Rivadavia wrote to Hullett Hnos., the company that had issued decimos (copper coins) for Buenos Aires, to form the society.

Decimo Buenos Aires. 1822-1823 On December 11 the treaty for the “Sociedad de Minas del Río de La Plata” (Society of Mines of the River Plate) was signed, and on April 6 John Hullett was appointed Consul General for the United Kingdom. Meanwhile the Famatina Mining Company was headed by Braulio Costa of Costa Holdings, a shareholder in the Banco de Descuentos (discount bank), Banco Nacional (national bank), all of whom were partners in securing The Baring Loan, registered shareholders of public credit (Don Braulio was the first president), and involved in all kinds of profitable activities of the time. The group included such names as Marcelino Carranza, Carlos del Signo, Ruperto Albarellos, and many more. On October 13, 1824, Costa’s company got a contract with the government of La Rioja and was exclusively entitled to exploit the minerals of the province for 25 years. It was explained that all the amalgams must be coined in the provincial mint except for the ones that could not be collected there. On November 18, Ventura Vazquez, an active negotiator for the group, was appointed as deputy representing La Rioja in National Congress. Congressional sessions began January 23, 1825, so it is clear how relevant the mint was for La Rioja. From February, controversies between both companies, through Rivadavia and Costa, began in the London stock market and in Argentina. Both offered shares and criticized each other, a topic that could be extended in a separate article. In May, Costa and Vazquez travelled to La Rioja to talk to Quiroga to interest him in the future company and Ramoncito, Quiroga’s son, moved to the capital and was hosted by Costa in his house, and event that reveals the close relationship between them (note the statute of the Banco de Rescates y Casa de Moneda is dated July 30). A document dated September 10, 1825, shows that La Rioja rejected a solicitation by the government of Buenos Aires for the exploitation of some mines in the province by the company “Rio de La Plata”, alleging they had already signed a contract with the company “Famatina.” For the date 1827 we know of only 8 reales, with the same varieties as the ones from 1826; however, the abundance of pieces of 2 soles of 1826 make us suppose that they continued being minted after that date. The Gaceta Mercantil in December of 1828 reported the operation of a new screw press that started its activity with the striking of 330 ounces on November 10, probably the scarce coins showing 1828 over 6. We should remember that in this year Dorrego, who had a great relationship with the province, came to power.

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For the date 1828 we find 8 escudos and 8 reales, both more abundant, and for the first time, 4 soles. Note the difference in denomination from the 2 and 4 reales (soles versus reales). While we have no explanation for it, it is clear by their general condition that both values circulated profusely, in contrast to the 8 reales that were used only for big transactions or holdings. On December 1 Dorrego was overthrown by Juan Lavalle and executed with no previous judgment on December 13, leading to great shock in all the interior of the country and giving rise to a civil war.

4 Soles 1828 In 1829, General Jose Maria Paz overthrew Bustos in Córdoba. Quiroga, after being defeated in “La Tablada” in June, ordered an exodus of all the inhabitants of the capital city together with cattle and food supplies, which was carried out on July 22. Under the circumstances, all the elements of the mint were buried and hidden, and would not be discovered by the unitario governor Lamadrid until August 1830, but that is another story.

8 Escudos 1829 On December 11, 1829, the population went back to the city. In this year only the rare 8 escudos were minted, of which less than five are known. On September 20 the Sociedad del Banco de Rescates y Casa de Moneda of La Rioja officially came to an end.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Ferrari, Jorge N. Amonedación de La Rioja. Buenos Aires, 1962. Mitchell, O. Amonedación de la provincia de La Rioja. Buenos Aires, 1974. Janson, Hector Carlos. La moneda circulante en el territorio argentino 1574-2015. Buenos Aires, 2016. Segreti, Carlos. Moneda y política en la primera mitad del siglo XIX. Buenos Aires, 1975. Cunietti-Ferrando, A. J. “El ensayador Don Manuel Piñeyro y Pardo” in Revista A.N.A. issue 46/47. Buenos Aires, 1965. Galmarini, Hugo Raul. “Braulio Costa y sus negocios” in Revista Todo es Historia issue 78. Buenos Aires, 1973. Furlong, Guillermo. Castro Barros su actuación. Buenos Aires, 1961.

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World Silver Coins

Argentina (River Plate Provinces)

1179. Argentina (River Plate Provinces), Potosí mint, 1 real, 1815F, large sunface, encapsulated NGC MS 61, ex-Tarapaca / Derman. Janson-14; KM-2. Extremely choice (deeply struck) sunface design, just a few hairlines keeping it from MS 62 or higher, a two-year issue and the perfect mate to the stellar 1 sol in the next lot (with which it spent years together till now), and note that this 1 real was the only denomination not in the Argentine collection we presented in our Auction #17. Pedigreed to the Tarapaca Collection, acquired from Alberto “Coco” Derman in 1978. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1180. Argentina (River Plate Provinces), Potosí mint, 1 sol, 1815FL, encapsulated NGC MS 66, with WINGS gold sticker,

rare, finest known in NGC census by three grades, ex-Derman (stated inside slab). Janson-15; KM-11. A perfect coin for the rare type (note the lack of photo in KM), with choice centering, full and deep luster, and light reddish toning highlighting the sunface detail, more deeply and evenly struck than any other specimen of this type we have ever seen. Particularly noteworthy is the full thumb on the clasped hands holding the Liberty Cap, an aspect that is seen on only a few of the crown-sized 8 soles. Nothing remotely similar to this kind of detail can be found on any other minors of this series. For comparison we could find records of only two sales of this issue: A worn and holed specimen in the Dana Roberts collection, and a VF-XF we sold in Auction #17 that was pedigreed to three famous collections. In fact, prior to 1978 when the current coin was obtained out of Buenos Aires, the local scholars of the time (including both Dermans and Dr. Jorge Ferrari) studied it very carefully and determined that the extra clarity of strike on this specimen made it a probable “first strike” or presentation piece of some sort (only one die is known for both obverse and reverse). This theory has not been further explored till now due to the fact that this coin has been off the market and residing in North America since 1978. A true numismatic gem deserving of placement in a top Argentine or Potosí-mint collection. Acquired from Alberto “Coco” Derman in 1978. Estimate: $3,500-up.

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1181. Argentina (River Plate Prov-

inces), La Rioja mint, 2 soles, 1825, with “CaDeBas”. Janson-43.2; KM-18. 6.59

grams. XF with deep, rich toning, small void

in edge (as made), still nice for this issue (note that even Janson’s Plate Coin is inferior in quality). Estimate: $100-$150.

1182. Argentina (River Plate Provinces), La Rioja mint, 8 reales, 1834P, encapsulated NGC AU 55, finest known in NGC census. Janson-35; KM-20. Lustrous and attractively toned, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Argentina (La Rioja)

1183. La Rioja, Argentina, 8 reales, 1838, coin axis, encapsulated PCGS AU55. Janson-55.2; KM-8. Lustrous and practically devoid of wear, very attractive. Mis-attributed to Córdoba inside slab. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1184. La Rioja, Argentina, 2 reales, 1843B, ex-Derman. Jan-

son-65; KM-15. 6.74 grams. Choice AU+ with deep full strike and light rainbow toning, one-year type, decidedly better specimen than the toned XF+ in our Auction #17 (lot 1132) that sold for $370. Pedigreed to the Alberto Derman collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

Argentina (Buenos Aires)

1185. Buenos Aires, Argentina, copper 1 real, 1840, en- 1186. Buenos Aires, Argentina, copper 2 reales, 1844,

capsulated NGC AU 50 BN. Janson-16.1; KM-7. Nice, even color and strike, devoid of marks but also not bold. Estimate: $350-$500.

encapsulated NGC XF 40 BN. Janson-15.2.2; KM-8. Hints of color

and luster, no clear marks or overt wear (hence more like AU in our opinion), less-than-bold strike as usual, only specimen (hence finest) in NGC census. Estimate: $150-$225.

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1187. Buenos Aires, Argentina, copper 2 reales, 1860, en-

capsulated NGC AU 58 BN, finest known in NGC census.

Janson-23.3; KM-11. Nice

color with hints of color and luster, the strike mostly bold but with some weak spots, still exceptional for the issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

1188. Buenos Aires, Argentina, copper 1 décimo, 1823,

encapsulated NGC MS 63 RB. Janson-2.1; KM-1. Beautiful original color and luster and lacking in wear (second finest known in NGC census). Estimate: $200-$300.

Argentina (Confederation)

1189. Argentine Confederation (struck in Birmingham, England), copper 4 centavos, 1854, ex-Derman. Janson-1.1.3; KM-25. 20.07 grams.

Bold XF+ with minimal wear, one-year type with popular radiant sunface, a large copper issue that normally has damaged fields and rims, but not in this case. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Argentina (Córdoba)

1192. Córdoba, Argentina, 1/4 real, 1839PP, encapsulated

NGC VF 30. Janson-6.2; KM-2.2. Lustrous and bold, the high points weak as opposed to worn (more like XF+ to our eyes), somewhat crude in style. Estimate: $125-$200.

1190. Córdoba, Argentina, 8 reales, 1852, encapsulated

NGC 62. Janson-63.1; KM-32. Lustrous and devoid of marks but with weakly struck centers as usual. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1193. Córdoba, Argentina, 1/4 real, no date (1853-4), anepigraphic issue, 8-pointed sunface, encapsulated NGC MS 62. Janson-68.1.1; KM-33.1. Choice bold strike with excellent rims, light

(albeit uneven) toning with muted luster, very scarce in this grade. Estimate: $250-$375.

NOTE: !/4 Reales Images X 2

1191. Córdoba, Argentina, 1/4 real, 1839PP, encapsulated ANACS EF 40. Janson-7.1; KM-2.2. Bold and well-detailed strike with nice light toning, rims crude (as made). Estimate: $150-$225.

1194. Córdoba, Argentina, 1/4 real, no date (1853-4), anepigraphic issue, 8-pointed sunface, encapsulated ANACS EF 45, ex-Dana Roberts. Janson-68.1.1; KM-33.1. Bold strike with nice toning, the sunface side slightly off-center. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Argentina (Republic)

1195. Argentina, 50 centavos, 1882, 2 in normal position.

Janson-16.1; KM-28. 12.50 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks on high points only. Estimate: $100-$150.

1196. Argentina, 20 centavos, 1882, 2 in normal position, encapsulated NGC AU 58. Janson-19.1; KM-27. Lustrous and lightly toned, with minor marks on Liberty-side field only. Estimate: $100$150.

1200. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1885, encapsulated

NGC MS 63 RB. Janson-27; KM-33. Beautiful rosy color all over with original luster, second finest known in NGC census, 5 in date slightly different from the dies in Janson. Estimate: $125-$200.

1201. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1888, high final 8,

encapsulated NGC MS 62 RB. Janson-29; KM-33. Nearly prooflike with luster on fields and darker, satiny details, scarce date, second highest grade in NGC census (below just two at MS 64). Estimate: $350-$500.

1197. Argentina, 10 centavos, 1882, high 2, encapsulated NGC MS 61.

Janson-22.6; KM-26. Colorful toning with underlying luster, no marks or wear but minor die-cracks here and there. Estimate: $100-$150.

1202. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1890, low 9, encapsu-

lated NGC MS 63 RB, tied for finest known in NGC census.

Beautifully rainbow toned with underlying luster. Estimate: $125-$200. Janson-31.9; KM-33.

1198. Argentina, 10 centavos, 1883, encapsulated NGC MS

61. Janson-23.2; KM-26. Superior luster, with bagmarks on Liberty side only. Estimate: $100-$150.

1203. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1891 low 9 / regular

1199. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1884, 4 tilted left, en-

9, encapsulated NGC MS 62 RB. Janson-32; 33. Deeply rainbow toned with underlying luster (almost prooflike), minor die-cracks, the 9 of the date re-punched and re-positioned (missing in Janson). Estimate: $100-$150.

capsulated NGC MS 64 RB, finest known in NGC census.

Superior original color and luster, tiny dark spots on arms side only. Estimate: $100-$150. Janson-26.2; KM-33.

219


1204. Argentina, copper 2 centavos, 1892, encapsulated NGC MS 63 RB. Janson-33.1; KM-33. Pale color but nice satin tex-

ture, very minor marks to keep it from a higher MS grade. Estimate: $100-$150.

1205. Argentina, copper 1 centavo, 1885, encapsulated NGC

MS 64 RB, tied for finest known in NGC census. Janson-41.1;

KM-32. Deeply rainbow toned with lovely luster, one of three at this grade in NGC census. Estimate: $200-$300.

1206. Argentina, copper 1 centavo, 1890, encapsulated NGC MS 63 BN, tied for finest known in NGC census. Janson-45.1; KM-32. Darkly

rainbow toned with underlying luster, one of three at this grade in NGC census. Estimate: $100-$150.

1207. Argentina, copper 1 centavo, 1894, low 9 and far

4, encapsulated NGC MS 63 RB, tied for finest known in NGC census. Janson-49; KM-32. Bright luster and faint rainbow toning,

long die-crack at date, with 9 lower than normal (different from the dies in Janson), one of two at this grade in NGC census. Estimate: $200-$300.

1208. Argentina, copper 1 centavo, 1895, high 5, encapsulated NGC

MS 63 RB, finest known in NGC census. Janson-50.2; KM-32. Nice luster, almost prooflike on arms side, only specimen graded by NGC so far. Estimate: $200-$300.

Azores

1209. Azores, 1200 reis, crowned-GP countermark (1887) on a Bahia, Brazil (Empire), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1825-B, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII (unique combination). Gomes-unl.; KM-unl. 26.60 grams. Host lightly toned XF+, countermark lustrous AU+, much undercoin detail, interesting instance of three separate nationalities on one coin, this particular combination possibly unique as unlisted in all references we know of. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

220


Bolivia (colonial) Pillars

1210. NO LOT.

Busts

1211. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770JR, • after king’s name, encapsulated NGC XF 45. Attractively

1215. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1776JR. KM-

toned with underlying luster, wear on high points only. Estimate: $300-$450.

1212. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770JR, • after king’s name. KM-50; CT-972. 27.06 grams. XF with some blue-green toning around details, very slightly off-center pillars side. Pedigreed to our Auction #15 (lot #1179). Estimate: $250-$375.

1213. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

1769JR (round 9 over fancy 9) and 1770JR. KM-50. 52.87 grams

total. F-VF, both with repaired holes and lightly tooled. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

55. 26.60 grams. VF with dark toning around details, scratches at top disguising a likely plugged hole, popular date with clearly re-punched 6. Estimate: $125-$200.

1216. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1789PR.

KM-55. 26.83 grams. AVF with minor marks, most of rims crude (as made), scarce as non-transitional. Estimate: $200-$300.

1217. Lot of 13 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, dates as follows: 1774JR, 1777PR, 1778PR, 1779PR, 1780PR, 1781PR, 1782/1PR, 1783PR, 1784PR, 1785PR, 1786PR, 1787PR and 1788PR. KM-55. 348.50 grams total. VF-XF

on average, some with toning, all details clear, the 1782 with plugged hole at top and the 1788 polished. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1218. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV): 1789PR and 1790PR. KM-64. 53.33 grams total. The 1789 is VF+ with traces of luster; the 1790 is AVF; no big problems on either coin. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

1214. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 2 reales, Charles III, 1768JR.

Attractively toned AXF, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-48. 6.63 grams.

221

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


1219. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793PR, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census. Highly lustrous and devoid of wear or marks, with several die-cracks and other evidence of die deterioration, still exceptional in grade, in fact the finest in NGC census by several grades and in fact the only specimen above AU. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1220. Lot of 18 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, dates as follows: 1791PR, 1792PR, 1793PR, 1794PR, 1795PP,

1796PP, 1797PP, 1798PP, 1799PP, 1800PP, 1801PP, 1802PP, 1803PJ, 1804PJ, 1805PJ, 1806PJ, 1807PJ and 1808PJ. KM-73.

483.22 grams total. VF-XF on average, a few toned but most cleaned and some with scratches or other minor damage, the 1793 with plugged

hole at top. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

1221. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ.

Lustrous but lightly cleaned AU with incipient toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-84. 26.90 grams.

1222. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824PJ.

KM-84; CT-614. 27.00 grams. VF with weak bust, nicely toned, plugged hole at top. Estimate: $100-$150.

222


1223. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824J,

rare. KM-84. 26.60 grams. AVF with crude edge (as made) and plugged hole at top, darkly toned fields on reverse, rare assayer for the date with high catalog value. Estimate: $200-$300.

1224. Lot of 15 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1808PJ, 1809PJ, 1813PJ, 1814PJ, 1815PJ, 1816PJ, 1817PJ, 1818PJ, 1819PJ, 1820PJ, 1821PJ, 1822PJ, 1823PJ, 1824PJ and 1825JL. KM-84. 403.39 grams total. AVF on

average (some as high as AU), mostly cleaned but a couple toned, the 1821 with plugged hole at top. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

1225. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, dates as follows: 1773JR, 1774JR, 1775JR, 1776JR, 1778PR,

1780PR and 1788PR. KM-54. 91.54 grams total. Fine on average, some toned, a few with spots of corrosion and one with verdigris but no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1226. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV transitional 1230. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1825JL. (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790PR. KM-63. 13.39 grams.

Bold VF with polished surfaces, toning around details, slightly offcenter strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

1227. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, dates

Bold VF with nice toning, final date of colonial issues. With National Numismatic Certification tag VF-35. Estimate: $75-$110.

KM-88. 13.43 grams.

as follows: 1798PP, 1804PJ, 1805PJ and 1808PJ. KM-72. 53.39 grams total. F-VF, two nicely toned, no big problems. SEE INTERNET

1231. Lot of 19 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV and

1228. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales of Charles III

247.92 grams total. VG-F on average, some repaired (plugged holes,

FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1791PR, 1797PP, 1800PP, 1802PJ, 1804PJ, 1806PJ (2), 1807PJ, 1808PJ (4), 1817PJ, 1818PJ, 1820PJ, 1821PJ (2), 1823PJ and date not visible.

and IV: 1773JR and 1808PJ. 26.50 grams total. Decent F+ and

tooling), most deeply toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

1229. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1825PJ,

1232. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1777PR.

VF, both with slightly irregular rims (as made), no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

rare.

Fine+ with patchy dark toning, no big problems, rarest assayer of the final date of colonial issues. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-88. 13.33 grams.

6.63 grams. Highly lustrous AU with surface hairlines, very frosty and

attractive. Estimate: $100-$150.

223


1233. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1801PP, unique error or trial strike. 6.49 grams. Very interesting piece with reverse design incuse yet NOT mirror-imaged as a brockage would be, well circulated in any case (also with surface corrosion), and with small x scratched into bust (perhaps to mark it as a discarded trial?). Estimate: $125-up.

1234. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1807PJ. 6.69 grams. Lightly

cleaned AU- with high points somewhat weak, some original luster. Estimate: $100$150.

1235. Large lot of 51 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 328.80 grams total. VG-F on average, a few holed and/or damaged but all with clear dates, several toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

1236. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ, encapsulated NGC AU 55, finest known in NGC census. Nice

1238. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ.

luster, mostly bold strike (ribbon on left pillar weak), looks like Mint State but still finest known. Estimate: $200-$300.

hairlines, very flashy. Estimate: $125-$200.

1237. Large lot of 39 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1 reales, Charles

1239. Large lot of 41 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1/2 reales, Charles

VG-F on average (one XF), two polished, all with clear dates, mostly lightly toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200$300.

G-VG on average, three holed, a few polished, mostly lightly toned, the majority with clear dates (but not all). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

1.64 grams. Bold and highly lustrous Mint State with faint surface

III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 63.52 grams total.

III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 125.47 grams total.

1240. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/4 real, 1802. 0.79 gram. Bold XF+ with slightly crude rims (as made), two small black spots on reverse and traces of lacquer on obverse. Estimate: $90-$135.

224


Bolivia (Republic)

1241. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1837LM.

KM-97. 27.14 grams.

Lustrous AU with light surface hairlines, incipient toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1245. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1861FJ. KM-138.6. 19.97 grams. AU with luster and faint toning, slightly off-center strike, tiny dig in field below V of BOLIVIANA. Estimate: $100-$150.

1242. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1838LM. KM-97. 26.97 grams. XF+ 1246. Potosí, Bolivia, 4 soles, 1858FJ, encapsulated NGC with hint of luster and toning, strange old marks on face. Estimate: $125-$200.

AU 58. KM-123.2. Bold strike except for weak center of tree, the Bolívar side off-center, nice luster. Estimate: $150-$225.

1243. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1841LR, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-103. Luster and light toning near rims, light bagmarks in fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

1247. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/2 sol, 1862FP, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-133.2. Choice Mint State (no wear or marks) with dark rainbow toning and brilliant underlying luster, nice strike (but Bolívar side slightly off-center), conservatively graded in our opinion. Estimate: $125-$200.

1244. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1845R. KM-103. 26.79 grams. Toned and lustrous AU, very nice. Estimate: $100-$150.

225


Bolivia (War of the Pacific)

1248. Bolivia, 1-dinero “splinter” triangular center-cut of a 20 centavos (1886). KM-159.2 (host). 1.58 grams. Interesting center-cut

piece of a Bolivian 20 centavos (KM-159.2, 1884-1886), executed thus to alleviate currency crisis during the War of the Pacific, in which Peru and Bolivia fought unsuccessfully against Chile for coastal land, effectively leaving Bolivia landlocked. Lightly toned XF+ with sharp points. Estimate: $80-$120.

Brazil (colonial) Afonso VI

1249. Brazil, 600 reis, Afonso VI, crowned-600 countermark (1663) on a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E. R-P012; KM-19.2.

26.03 grams. Full and bold countermark (toned AU) on a worn host

(VG) with parts of three dates despite much flatness, some doubling. Estimate: $600-$900.

Pedro II 1250. Brazil, 250 reis, Pedro II, crowned-”2SO” countermark (1688) on a Lisbon, Portugal, 1/2 cruzado of João IV dated 1644, with new edge. R-P024; KM-33.2. 11.31 grams. Full but

slightly doubled countermark (VF), richly toned host (Fine) with bold new rims and edge, clear date in the quadrants of the cross. Estimate: $350-$500.

João Prince Regent

1251. Brazil (Minas Gerais), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1252. Brazil (Minas Gerais), 960 reis, João Prince Regent,

crowned-arms counterstamp (1808-10) on a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1794PR. R-P450; KM-242. 26.89 grams. XF counterstamp on Fine host, nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

crowned-arms counterstamp (1808-10) on a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800PP. R-P450; KM-242. 26.75 grams. XF counterstamp on Fine host, nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

226


1253. Brazil (Minas Gerais), 960-reis, João Prince Regent, 1255. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, crowned-arms counterstamp (1808-10) on a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, assayer PJ (date not visible). R-P450;

1810-B, encapsulated NGC AU 58. R-P395; KM-307.1. Beautiful

KM-242. 26.78 grams.

coin with hint of toning and luster, mostly bold but a couple slightly weak spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

1254. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent,

1256. Brazil (mint uncertain), 960 reis, João Prince Regent,

Attractively rainbow toned in legends, hint of luster, faint traces of undercoin details. Estimate: $350-$500.

Lustrous AU with very light toning, weak center of obverse, undercoin details in center of reverse dominating (new mintmark therefore not visible). Estimate: $80-$120.

XF/AU counterstamp on VF host, attractively toned, no big problems, but with counterstamp obscuring the host date (just 180 visible). Estimate: $200-$300.

1810-B, “REGENES” variety, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales, encapsulated NGC AU 55. R-P395b; KM-307.1.

1816, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales. 26.87 grams.

João VI

1257. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1818-R, triplebranch wreath, encapsulated NGC AU 58. R-476c; KM-326.1. Attractive toning and faint luster in legends, minor die-cracks on reverse, rare variety of the first date of type. Estimate: $350-$500.

1258. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck over a Madrid, Spain, bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII, assayer GJ (1814-18). R-P462; KM-326.2. 26.75 grams. Lustrous AU- with lots

of undercoin details on reverse only, slightly off-center strike, faint toning near rims. Estimate: $100-$150.

227


1259. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1821-B, struck over a Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, encapsulated NGC AU 55. R-P463; KM-326.2. Crude legends due to undercoin details, mintmark S visible near center of reverse, nice luster. Estimate: $150-$225.

Brazil (Empire) Pedro I

1260. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck 1261. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-B,

over a Santiago, Chile, “volcano” peso (rare host).

R-P505;

Much undercoin detail in legends (also toned there), off-center strike, AU- with muted luster, minor surface graininess. Estimate: $400-$600. KM-368.1. 26.32 grams.

struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII (1820s). R-P509; KM-368.2. 27.05 grams. Lustrous XF+ with lots of

marks in fields (some modern), areas of crude or weak strike, mostly due to undercoin details (182 of date visible), no toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1262. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1826-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales dated 1816.

R-P507; KM-368.1.

25.83 grams. Lustrous and lightly rainbow-toned AU+ with faint surface

hairlines, off-center strike with undercoin date outside the rim as a result. Estimate: $125-$200.

Pedro II

1263. Brazil, 2000 reis, Pedro II, 1855. R-P617; KM-466. 25.48 grams. Mint State with minor bagmarks only, luster under light rainbow

toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1264. Brazil, 1200 reis, Pedro II, 1840/39, rare. R-P556; KM-454.

25.71 grams. Non-toned XF+, no problems, the overdate faintly evident (Russo calls it 1840/39 but KM says 1840/37). Estimate: $500-$750.

228


1265. Brazil, 1200 reis, Pedro II, 1847, second-style wreath.

R-unl. (cf. P560); KM-unl. (cf. 454). 26.80 grams. Interesting last-date-of-type variety with obverse wreath used on 2000 reis of the 1850s, bold and lustrous XF+ (lightly steel-gray toned) with typical adjustment marks all over. Estimate: $350-$500.

Brazil (War of the Triple Alliance) 1266. Brazil, 1/4-cut “balastraca” (1864-70) cut from a Ma-

drid, Spain, bust 2 reales, with countermark “100” (100 reis) on obverse, rare. R-unl. (cf. P665); KM-B471. 1.26 grams. Bold and deep

countermark and sharply serrated edge (11 teeth), the host coin a bit worn (Fine) but with clear mintmark and nicely toned, an emergency coinage created during Brazil’s war with Argentina and Uruguay (the “Triple Alliance”) against Paraguay. Estimate: $500-$750.

Brazil (United Stated of Brazil)

1267. Brazil, complete set of 4 silver coins (4000, 2000, 1000 and 400 reis), 1900, 400th Anniversary of the Discovery of

Brazil, in original case (rare thus). KM-502.1, 501, 500 and 499. 7-1/2” x 3” x 1”. A beautifully matched set in its original custom case (green leatherette), all four coins attractively toned and lustrous, all Mint State or very close to it. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

229


British North Borneo

1268. British North Borneo, copper 1 cent, 1891-H, encapsulated NGC MS 66 BN, tied for second finest known in NGC

census. KM-2. Attractively rainbow toned with muted but almost prooflike luster, a choice specimen that is bettered by a single MS 67 in the NGC census. Estimate: $200-$300.

Cambodia 1269. Cambodia, 1 tical, Ang Dong, CS1208 (1847), thin flan.

KM-37. 14.45 grams. Bold XF with frosty white fields, crude rims (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

Canada

1270. British Columbia, Canada, specimen 1 dollar, 1971, encapsulated PCGS SP67 with WINGS gold sticker, extraordinary peacock toning. KM-80. Not a rare coin but unique with such incredibly colorful toning, the obverse showing a deep violet center morphing evenly from blue at legends and golden orange to rims, the reverse with just light blue centrally and gold at rims, truly the most strikingly colored coin we have ever offered. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

230


Chile (colonial) Busts

1271. NO LOT.

1272. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1794DA.

KM-51. 26.66 grams. AXF with scratches and light (patchy) toning, much

underlying luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

1273. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800AJ.

Deeply toned XF with traces of luster, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-51. 26.69 grams.

1274. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805FJ. KM-51. 26.34 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned XF with minor marks, weak strike

at top of shield, parts of rims crude (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

1275. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815FJ, encapsulated NGC MS 64, second finest known in NGC

census. KM-80. Lustrous and choice, with no wear at all but a stray mark or two in fields, light incipient toning, bettered by only a single MS 65 in the NGC census, an absolute gem for the serious Chile collector. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

231


1279. Lot of 17 Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Charles III

through Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1786DA, 1788DA (2), 1789DA, 1793DA, 1797DA, 1798/7DA, 1799DA (2), 1803FJ, 1804FJ, 1806/5FJ, 1809FJ, 1810FJ, 1811FJ, 1813FJ and 1817FJ. 106.43 grams total. VG-F on average, mostly nicely toned, one of the 1788’s holed, all with clear dates (the overdates scarce). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

1280. Large lot of 30 Santiago, Chile, bust 1 reales (19) and

1276. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1808FJ. KM-60. 13.11 grams Bold Fine+ with darkly toned fields, slightly grainy

bust (as made). Estimate: $70-$100.

1277. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812FJ. KM-67. 13.32 grams. XF with slightly weak centers and high points, attractively toned, prominent rims. Estimate: $350-$500.

1/2 reales (11), Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 77.35 grams total. Good to Fine on average, mostly nicely toned,

no holes or big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

1281. Santiago, Chile, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1813FJ.

Mint State with muted luster and attractive light toning, off-center strike but surely among the finest known. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-64. 1.61 grams.

1282. Santiago, Chile, 1/4 real, 1792, Charles IV, no assayer or mintmark, encapsulated NGC AU 50, finest known in NGC census. KM-unl. Scarce issue with date below castle, lion on

1278. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1788DA, flipover double-strike (unique error). KM-30. 4.54 grams. Crudely

reverse, but nothing else (previously mistakenly attributed to La Rioja, Argentina, but now properly attributed to Chile due to the fact that the castle and lion match with punches used on Santiago 4R), beautifully toned and with prominent rims (the obverse slightly off-center), very rare grade for this fascinating type. Estimate: $300-$450.

scratched VG with dark encrustation, but unique with elements of obverse and reverse on both sides (king’s name twice, for example). Estimate: $100-up.

232

Consign to our live floor Auction #20 November 2016


Chile (Republic)

1283. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1855. KM-129. 24.99 grams. Toned AU- with light hairlines, scarce grade for this popular type designed by American engraver John Sheriff. Estimate: $250-$375.

1287. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1886. KM-142.1. 24.89 grams. Frosty

BU with just a few bagmarks only. Estimate: $90-$135.

1284. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1879. KM-142.1. 25.00 grams. Frosty

BU with just a few bagmarks only. Estimate: $90-$135.

1288. Chile, pattern 2 centavos, 1890, struck over a silver

1285. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1881.

KM-142.1. 24.95 grams.

Frosty BU with slightly grainy surfaces (as made). Estimate: $90-$135.

20 centavos of 1881, unique. KM-147a over 138.2. 4.97 grams. Fas-

cinating piece with copper-coin design struck over a silver coin from nine years prior (reason unknown) in nicely toned XF grade (hence probably circulated as a 20c despite the prominent “dos centavos� denomination), with much of the undercoin visible all over (particularly the date). Estimate: $500-up.

1286. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1882. KM-142.1. 24.97 grams. Frosty BU with minor bagmarks, a few surface hairlines. Estimate: $90-$135.

233

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


Colombia (colonial) Pillars

1289. Bogotá, Colombia, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1760JV, very rare, ex-Emilio Ortiz, ex-Jorge Ortiz Murias, Restrepo

plate coin, encapsulated NGC VF Details / Graffiti. KM-34; Restrepo-36.1; CT-1623. 3.4 grams One of only six different Colombian pillar issues confirmed to exist (8R 1759, 1760/59, 1762 and 1770; 1R and 1/2R 1760), and one of only about fifteen known of this denomination, almost all holed and/or plugged (which is certainly less desirable than graffiti), the present specimen a solid XF, very lightly toned and well struck, whose only flaw is a pair of letters, P and H, either punched or engraved into the fields to the sides of the crown above the shield (the letters notably matching the typography of various engraved-coin tokens we have seen from the 1700s), wistfully described in the auction catalog for the Emilio Ortiz collection as “incused letters ‘PH’ neatly placed beside the crown much like King Philip V might have preferred when he first authorized the pillar series in 1729.” For current price reference we note that a VF35 (PCGS) recently sold for $16,450 (including buyer’s fee) in Heritage. Pedigreed to the Emilio Ortiz collection (Swiss Bank Corp., January 1991, lot 252), and Plate Coin in Restrepo’s Monedas Coloniales Circulares (1999), and pedigreed to the Jorge Ortiz Murias collection of Colombian colonial minors (our Auction #11, lot #982). Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

Busts 1290. Lot of 2 Colombian bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV): Popayán, 1813JF, and Bogotá, 1819FJ. Restrepo-114.5 and 113.9; KM-70.2 and 70.1. 12.81 grams total. Typically

worn (Fine or so) but with clear details and nice toning, the 1813 somewhat scarce and the 1819 with lacuna below date (as made). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

1291. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1772V•J, encapsulated NGC VG 10, rare. Restrepo-38.1; KM-46.1. Attractive toned and problem-free Fine (NGC typically undergrades these by at least one grade), desirable first year of issue. Estimate: $400-$600.

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1295. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII (Charles

IV), 1817FJ. Restrepo-111.11; KM-68.1; CT-1212. 3.30 grams. VF+ with

weak centers, light scratches, hint of luster and toning in reverse legend. Pedigreed to our Auction #17, with original lot-tag #1219. Estimate: $60-$90.

1292. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1794/3JJ,

very rare.

Restrepo-78.9; KM-58. 3.00 grams. Toned and problem-free About Fine with very weak centers (the reverse mostly flat), the overdate clear and so rare that Restrepo calls it “one known” while KM lists as RARE without values, missing in the Ortiz Murias collection, this specimen decidedly superior to the example in our Auction #17, which hammered for $445 (plus buyer’s fee). Estimate: $500-$750.

1296. Lot of 2 Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4R, Ferdinand VI and/

or Charles III, anepigraphic issues, one pillar-style and the other bust-style castles and lions. Restrepo-2.1 and 2.2; KM-A30;

CT-1477 (under La Rioja, Argentina). 1.69 grams total. XF and AU, both beautifully toned, the earlier piece with slightly irregular surface on castle side (as made), a very nice pair overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

1297. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1803. Restrepo-75.17; KM-63;

1293. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1802JJ.

Lightly toned VF+, no problems, quite nice for the type. Estimate: $350-$500. Restrepo-38; KM-58. 2.93 grams.

CT-1439. 0.71 gram. Bold but slightly crude AVF. Pedigreed to our Auction #17, with original lot-tag #1231. Estimate: $125-$200.

1294. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII (bust 1298. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1808. Restrepo-75.27; KM-63; of Charles IV), 1810JF. Restrepo-112.1; KM-68.2; CT-1190. 3.36 grams.

Very broad flan with prominent rims and bold strike, toned around details, choice XF+, flat area on edge as made (since edge design is intact). Pedigreed to our Auction #17, with original lot-tag #1215. Estimate: $90-$135.

CT-1444. 0.84 gram. AXF with rim lamination and minor marks all over. Estimate: $60-$90.

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Colombia (United Provinces of New Granada)

1299. Colombia, 2 reales “chipi-chipi,” 1819JF, struck over a Venezuelan imitation-cob 2 reales dated “471,” very rare, encapsulated NGC F 15, with WINGS gold sticker, ex-Leo Mooy. Restrepo-139.1; KM-unl. (host is KM-76). An exciting Revolutionary

War type issued under the direct authority of Simón Bolívar, apparently not listed by KM, and the first example of this type we have handled. The original flan was very carefully clipped down from 6 to about 4 grams to provide additional silver for striking much-needed provisional coinage, and the clipping on this specimen was very well executed in that enough room was left to show the new coin’s all-important legends and date, with full LIBERTAD AMERICANA 1819 is visible and the entire NUEVA GRANADA . 2R. J. F. (In contrast, an example sold at auction in September 2011 for $8,625 lacked so much of the legends that the only words visible were AMERICANA 1819 and NADA [pun intended?] 2R J.) The central area of the host is quite clear: Visible alongside the Indian bust of the overstrike is the host’s denomination 2, with V-SVL of the motto and left pillar also in evidence as well as the date “471,” with the reverse showing the host’s cross and one lion around the pomegranate overstrike. While this piece clearly circulated (although perhaps not as much as the slab grade would indicate), it is totally unmarked and unflawed, and its toning is natural, light and attractive. The pedigree is not certain but appears to be linked to the Pena collection from the late 19th century. Acquired from Leo Mooy of Caracas. Estimate: $7,000-up.

Colombia (Republic / Cundinamarca)

1300. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1821JF, mintmark BA without • below A, encapsulated NGC AU 55. Restrepo-155.6a;

KM-C5. Lustrous and mostly colorfully toned, with full central details

on both sides (very rare thus). Acquired from Lia Meissner. Estimate: $600-$900.

1301. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 real, 1821JF, mintmark BA with •

below A. Restrepo-152.1; KM-B9. 2.35 grams. Attractively toned and welldetailed VF+ with small void in edge (as made), popular one-year type. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $100-$150.

Colombia (Republic of New Granada) 1302. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1854. Restrepo-186.3; KM-115. 2.55 grams. Bold XF+ with very light toning, rare quality for this date. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1303. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 décimo, 1857, encapsulated NGC MS 62. Restrepo-181.10; KM-114. Full deep strike and attractive toning, surely among the finest known. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $300-$450.

Colombia (United States of Colombia) 1304. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1863, encapsulated NGC AU 58, finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-315.2; KM-139.1. Lustrous and

only lightly bagmarked, with incipient rosy toning, four grades higher than the second-finest in the NGC census. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1305. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1870, encapsulated NGC MS 61, second finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-293.3; KM-153.1. Attractively

toned with underlying luster and faint surface hairlines on obverse only, very well struck for the type. Acquired from Davis Burnett. Estimate: $300-$450.

1306. Popayán, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1873, fineness 0.835/900, very rare, encapsulated NGC XF 40, finest known in

NGC census, ex-Whittier. Restrepo-295.5; KM-153.6. Popayán issues of this type are very elusive, particularly in grades above Fine, this one crudely struck as usual (especially the centers) but with some luster (the only specimen graded by NGC so far). This piece was obtained by Oen Nelson (Whittier collection) from Mo Geiger around 1983 for $1250, a princely sum for the time. Oen and Mo both considered it a true treasure. This is only its second appearance on the market in the past 33 years, and no equal examples of other dates of Popayán 5 décimos have appeared during that time period. Also note that Lissner did not have any specimens of any date, likely due to his demand for exalted quality, something impossible with this denomination of this mint. According to Oen Nelson, Davis Burnett and the late Mo Geiger, this piece may be the least circulated example of a Popayán 5 décimos known in the USA. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1307. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1873.

Restrepo-306.2; KM-172.1.

12.25 grams. Boldly detailed XF with light toning that picks up colors at the

right angles, minor marks, two-year type with denomination as “50 centavos.” Estimate: $70-$100.

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1308. Popayán, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1880, very rare, encapsulated NGC MS 63, with WINGS gold sticker (no data in NGC census but certainly finest known), ex-Whittier (stated inside slab). Restrepo-310.1; KMPedigreed to the Whittier collection. Estimate: $5,000-up.

177.2.

The remote Popayán mint struck coins primarily in the most commonly available metal of the region, gold, likely producing only a few thousand large silver coins during its entire history, beginning in 1758. Sporadic silver crown-size emissions (possibly including a single pillar dollar in 1769, then with 8 reales showing the bust of Charles IV but legend of Ferdinand VII issued in minute quantities during the revolutionary war period of 1810-20, and finally ending with an ephemeral production of silver pesos in 1863) were not accompanied by any half dollar (four reales) coinage whatsoever. Suddenly, coinciding with the massive national production of popular silver half pesos (cinco décimos or 50 centavos), which began in 1868 in the primary Bogotá facility, the Popayán mint issued a handful of similar specie over the course of a dozen years, 1869-1880. No date in the series is even close to being common, but the coins obviously circulated widely, for two of them with different dates are known with Costa Rican revalidation countermarks of 1889. Further evidence is found in an exchange rate posted in New York late in that century with a tad lower rate for Popayán silver halves compared to Bogotá and Medellín. More important to the modern numismatist, no nicely struck examples of any year are known. The same poor striking phenomenon is also typical for the smaller silver issues of that era from the mint (except to some lesser extent on the enigmatic 2 reales dated 1880). For evidence, within this auction’s presentation of superior Popayán silver pieces, we point to the weak details on the nearly Mint State medio décimo of 1875 (lot #1329). The quality of the two 1-décimo pieces in this current group (lots #1320 and #1321) are likely near “condition census” for each subtype. Jorge Restrepo’s treatise on all the national coinage mostly lacks photos of well-made pieces of any Popayán silver types from any era. Lissner did not have even one nice representative, nor did Dana Roberts. Whittier had two pieces that may be “best of breed,” both now again available after ten years off the market since that landmark sale. The fact that the surfaces of the Popayán 5 décimos dated 1873 show natural luster and very little circulation on a 31mm planchet with very obvious poor striking (lot #1306) is educational. This all leads us to the current lot, by far the finest cincuenta centavos of Popayán dated 1880. Restrepo’s listing under type 310 is uncharacteristically brief, mainly citing just technical data and illustrated with a nice XF example. That plate coin is better than any Popayán 5 décimos of any date ever offered or illustrated, to the best of our research. It is nicer than the five or six pieces of cincuenta centavos ever seen in the USA, including in the classic collections of Dana Roberts, Davis Burnett, Howard Herz, Richard Stuart and Pat Johnson. Yet, by comparison, that coin is MANY grades lower than the currently offered piece! It is no overstatement that the coin on offer here holds an important place in Colombian numismatic history.

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The pedigree of this coin is certain back to June 1973, which has been nicely summed up for us here by someone who was there: At that time, at the Los Angeles Convention of International Numismatics, then the premier annual “foreign coin show” in the USA, this piece created a stir among Latin American collectors, many of whom were in attendance. Michael O’Connor of New Jersey proudly displayed the coin in his showcase and indicated its price was $4000. Alvaro Gonzalez, a Colombian coin dealer, and the late great collector Lia Meissner negotiated for the coin for a couple of days. Dick Lissner and Richard Stuart, as well as Oen Nelson, studied it and considered its possible purchase. They all felt the price was exorbitant, but all wanted the coin. On the Saturday of the show (at almost the exact hour that the Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes and the Triple Crown in record times), a deal was quietly struck which netted the coin into the specialized collection of Oen Nelson. In Oen’s opinion, stated by him in 2005 when his collection was prepared for sale, the addition of this coin cemented him into pursuit of better and more significant coins of Latin America, something he continued to do for three more decades. Such is the power of possessing such a special jewel! It is not known where the coin resided prior to 1973 but Michael O’Connor indicated that it was quietly obtained from a source in East Germany, a fact that Bill Christensen seemed to confirm as he was pursuing material from that great collection at that time, as was Fred Werner. Students of the period tied the wonderful material, covering all the Latin American countries, to a triad of famous auctions in Europe prior to World War One. As for the pedigree since the coin was offered in the June 2006 Whittier auction, alone on page 70 of that classic single-collection catalog by Heritage, it is very simple: The current consignor obtained it ten years ago and has held it ever since. Thus this coin has had just two owners in the past 43 years, with a third to be added to the pedigree list at this moment. As for our assessment of the coin itself, we would say the slab grade is quite accurate, as there are no marks or wear at all, with nice (but not blazing) luster and only the barest trace of toning, the struck details all sharp and clean, just the rims slightly crude (as made), really almost impossibly choice compared to the whole corpus of Colombian half dollars.

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1309. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1880. Restrepo-308.8; KM

Lustrous AU with uneven but colorful toning, an ideal comparison for the special Popayán version in the previous lot. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $70-$100. 177.1. 11.91 grams.

1310. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1885, fineness 0.500. XF with muted luster, toning at rims, very slight surface graininess (as made). Estimate: $70-$100.

Restrepo-311.1; KM-177a.1. 12.64 grams.

1311. Medellín, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1886, fineness 0.500/835, no accent-mark, rare, encapsulated NGC MS 61, finest

known in NGC census by several grades, ex-Whittier. Restrepo-301.3; KM-161.2b. With an astonishing number of different varieties featuring diverse legends, punches, edges and finenesses, this single year of this single mint was the subject of a lengthy Numismatist article by Oen Nelson (Whittier collection) that was recently redone by Antonio Pedraza. With muted satin luster and no toning, this may be the highest-grade example studied from any of the varieties; Lissner did not have any. Extremely rare quality and a most desirable example. Per the type and date (not 1886/4), this coin shows the large bust and no stars on reverse, also edge lettering DIOS PATRIA LIBERTAD. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1312. Medellín, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1886, fineness 0.500, “long Liberty head” type with five-point stars, two dots on reverse, very rare, encapsulated NGC AU details / excessive surface hairlines, ex-Whittier (stated inside slab). Restrepo-303.1; KM-164.1. This

one-year subtype is quite different in many ways from the standard issue for this date: The Liberty bust is clearly albeit subtly different, with noticeable large hair curl below S in UNIDOS; the fineness is LEV instead of the usual LEI; the stars below the date are fivepointed instead of the usual seven points (the very rare Restrepo-304 also has five-point stars); and MEDELLIN is flanked by two five-point stars (like Restrepo-302 and 305) but with dots flanking CINCO DECIMOS (unlike Restrepo-302 and 305). This Whittier specimen is the only example of this very rare subtype we were able to verify having been on the market. Note the original Whittier description (Heritage): “AU, virtually no circulation wear evident, lightly cleaned but with unusually bold details.” Hairline scratches below the letters of ESTADOS and on the back of the head are noted for the sake of completeness. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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1313. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 décimos, 1867, five-point stars,

encapsulated NGC MS 62, with WINGS gold sticker. Restre-

po-279.2; KM-149a.1. With luster in its legends, this well-struck piece is exceptional for the two-year type. Lissner did not have one and Dana Roberts’ was inferior. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $150-$225.

1314. Lot of 4 Colombian 2 décimos, various mints and

dates: Popayán 1867 (fineness 0.835); Medellín 1870, 1871 and 1874. KM-149a.2, 155.2. 19.71 grams total. F-VF on average, mostly

nicely toned, the 1867 (one-year type) with a few stray scratches, all but the 1874 scarce. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

1319. Medellín, Colombia, 20 centavos, 1886, fineness 0.500, large space between 5 and 500, encapsulated NGC AU 58, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census, ex-Alvaro González (stated inside slab). Restrepo-291.1a;

1315. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 centavos, 1874, “GRAM. 5” variety, encapsulated NGC AU 58, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-286.1; KM-176.1. Well struck with lovely old rainbow toning, faint old hairlines to keep it from MS grade. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $250-$375.

1316. Lot of 4 Medellín, Colombia, 20 centavos, various

dates: 1876 (two varieties), 1877 and 1882. KM-178.1 and 178.3. 19.42 grams total. F-VF on average, all but one of the 1876’s deeply

toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

1317. Lot of 2 Colombian 20 centavos, 1884, mints of Bogotá and Medellín. KM-176.3 and 178.3. 9.73 grams total. Both VF, the one-year-type Bogotá smaller in diameter and toned, GRAMOS 5 and 0.835 fineness on both. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-178.3a. Struck during the reorientation period when the silver coinage was being debased from 83.5% fineness to a lowly 50%, this interesting transitional type was produced in very tiny quantities. Like the 10 centavos of the same mint and date in this auction (lot #1326), it is often decades between appearances within the USA and European markets. And of the few pieces that have appeared, we could trace none superior to the 20c-10c duet in this auction. Ironically the only other nice example to appear in the past quarter century, graded XF, was resold in Europe in 2014 for about $3800. The fact that that result is less than Restrepo’s estimate of $5000 for an XF is likely because many or most collectors did not know of that sale while it was active. There was no example in Whittier nor Lissner, and the Dana Roberts piece was very inferior. Knowledgeable Bogotá dealer Antonio Pedraza once famously held up the five fingers of his hand when a collector enquired of him how many of the type were known. In any case this is a special opportunity to obtain what may be the second scarcest silver type-coin of Colombia’s coinages of 1863-1956 and potentially the finest one extant (this being the only one graded by NGC so far). Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

1320. Popayán, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1864, encapsulated

NGC AU 55, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-267.1; KM-145.2. Beautifully rainbow toned and

1318. Medellín, Colombia, 20 centavos, 1885, fineness lustrous, well detailed (albeit slightly crude as usual), seldom the case 0.835/500.

Restrepo-289.5; KM-178.3. 5.09 grams.

tractive for the grade. Estimate: $70-$100.

Well-toned VF, at-

for Popayán minors, which are downright rare in high grade like this. Likely the nicest we have traced of this two-year type in high fineness (0.900), the only specimen graded by NGC so far. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $300-$450.

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1321. Popayán, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1866, fineness

0.835/900, very rare, encapsulated ANACS EF 40, ex-Dana Roberts. Restrepo-269.1; KM-145.2a. Lustrous with very light rainbow

toning. Popayán issues of this type are very elusive, particularly in grades above VF. Rare this nice, among the finest extant of this one-year subtype with lowered fineness. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1322. Lot of 3 Colombian 1 décimos, various mints and

dates: Popayán 1863; Bogotá 1866 (fineness 0.900) and 1872 (0.835). KM-145.2, 145.1 and 151.1. 7.01 grams total. F-VF on average,

1326. Medellín, Colombia, 10 centavos, 1886, fineness

0.500, “GRA” and three stars on reverse, very rare, encapsulated NGC AU 55, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census, ex-Alvaro González (stated inside slab).

Restrepo-276.4; KM-175.2a. Lustrous and boldly struck, choice grade (the only specimen graded by NGC so far), a one-year variant with unit of weight (grams) abbreviated as GRA, in fact so rare that no US sales could be traced by us (Dana Roberts had one with the more standard GRAM spelling in similar quality). Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

all richly toned and problem-free. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $70-$100.

1323. Medellín, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1874/3M, encapsu-

lated ANACS VF 20. Restrepo-271.1; KM-151.2. Attractively toned and very pleasing for the grade. Estimate: $100-$150.

1327. Medellín, Colombia, 1/2 décimo, 1868, encapsulated NGC MS 61, ex-Dana Roberts. Restrepo-257.1; KM-150.2. Quite a

1324. Medellín, Colombia, 10 centavos, 1885, fineness 0.835, encapsulated ANACS AU 50, ex-Dana Roberts.

strepo-275.1; KM-175.2. Rare

Re-

grade for this elusive one-year type-coin of Medellín, with light golden toning and muted luster. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

1325. Lot of 2 Medellín, Colombia, 10 centavos, 1885,

finenesses 0.835 and 0.500.

KM-175.2 and 175.2a. 4.83 grams total.

Interesting pair showing the change to a lower fineness within the same design, both lightly toned and around Fine in grade. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

remarkable coin in that it is both in original Mint State (among the finest known, with a full luster that is atypical for the issue) and yet unevenly struck, with weakness on rims and some interior areas on both sides. Elusive three-year Medellín type with small mintage of 88,000. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

1328. Lot of 6 Colombian 1/2 décimos, various dates and mints: Bogotá 1863, 1867; Popayán 1870; and Medellín 1872 (three different varieties). KM-144, 144A, 150.3 and 150.2a.

6.58 grams total. The 1870 is AVG but the rest are AVF on average, all nicely toned, no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1329. Popayán, Colombia, 1/2 décimo, 1875, fineness 0.666, 1332. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo 1866, blunt stars. encapsulated NGC AU 58. Restrepo-258.9; KM-150.3. Nearly full luster and surprisingly well struck for this mint and type (still somewhat crude as from reworked Bogotá dies with designer’s initials AB removed), almost never seen in this quality. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $300-$450.

Restrepo-248.7; KM-143.2. 0.74 gram. Off-center VF with crude rims (as made) but naturally toned surfaces and bold details. The Whittier specimen, similar to the present example, sold for $1,035. Estimate: $500-$750.

1330. Medellín, Colombia, 5 centavos, 1874, fineness 0.835. Restrepo-264.1; KM-174. 1.27 grams. Lightly toned AVF, a one-year type at

this fineness from this mint. Estimate: $70-$100.

1333. Colombia (struck in Bir-

1331. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 centavos, 1880,

mingham, England), copper-nickel 1-1/4 centavos, 1874. Restrepo-245.1;

encapsulated NGC MS 66, tied for finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-263.7; KM-174a.1.

KM-173. 1.45 grams. Gem-quality specimen from the Heaton Mint archives, with deep strike and choice luster. Estimate: $70-$100.

Choice strike and luster, with granularity on rims but otherwise perfect, a tie in all respects with Lissner’s specimen (also MS 66). Acquired from Davis Burnett. Estimate: $70-$100.

Colombia (modern Republic) 1334. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1898, closed 8 for last digit of

date, large 8 in fineness. Restrepo-407.3; KM-186.1a. 12.46 grams. Well-struck AU

with light toning and nice luster. Acquired from Alvaro González, ca. 1973-1975. Estimate: $150-$225.

1335. Colombia (struck in Philadelphia), 50 centavos, 1902. Restrepo-411.1; KM-192. 12.52 grams. This remarkable coin shows a dramatically vivid toning, with deep scarlet transitioning radially to royal blue on obverse and gold to orange on reverse, fully Mint State and lustrous under the colors. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1336. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1907, large dot on bow. Restrepo-413.3a; KM-186.2. 12.43 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State,

the surfaces much less crude than usual (still slightly soft). Estimate: $125-$200.

1338. Colombia, copper-nickel 5 pesos p/m, 1909-A.M. Restrepo-366.2; KM-279. 3.93 grams.

luster. Estimate: $70-$100.

Mint State with nice toning over

1337. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1908, reverse struck 1339. Colombia, copper-nickel 2 pesos p/m, 1910. from re-tooled die.

Nicely toned AU with slightly crude rims (as made), typical soft strike here and there. Estimate: $70-$100. Restrepo-413.5a; KM-186.2. 12.52 grams.

Restre-

Mint State with luster under very light toning, a few spots of soft strike. Estimate: $70-$100.

po-353.2; KM-B279. 2.95 grams.

Costa Rica (Central American Republic)

1340. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 2 reales, 1846JB counterstamp (Type V) on a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1759(q). KM-54 for type. 6.29 grams. Full AVF countermark on

About Fine host with undercoin date boldly visible, attractively toned (KM lists host as Philip V but this host is Ferdinand VI). Estimate: $150-$225.

1341. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 2 reales, 1846JB counterstamp (Type V) on a Guatemala cob 2 reales.

KM-unl. 5.79 grams. Perfectly full and deep counterstamp on both sides

(AXF) but Guatemalan-cob host (unlisted in KM) nearly devoid of detail, nearly hexagonal flan. Estimate: $300-$450.

Costa Rica (countermarked)

1342. Costa Rica, 2 reales, “lion” countermark (Type VI,

1849-57) on a Great Britain shilling of George IV dated 1825. Atypical host (VG+), full and deep countermark (AXF), richly toned all over. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-95. 5.39 grams.

1343. Costa Rica, 2 reales, “lion” countermark (Type VI,

1849-57) on a Costa Rica (Central American Republic) 2 reales 1849JB. KM-77. 5.81 grams. Clearly far superior to KM Plate

Coin for this one-year variety with tiny countermark, the host AVF (with slightly crude rims, as made), but the countermark AXF and very deep. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1344. Costa Rica, 1/2 real, “lion” countermark (Type VI,

1345. Costa Rica, 1/2 real “lion” countermark (Type VI,

full details, lightly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

grams. XF host (unlisted as CREZCA variety with countermark), AU countermark that is so deeply impressed that the coin is quite cupped, attractively toned, scarce quality for date. Estimate: $150-$225.

1849-57) on a Costa Rica (Central American Republic) 1/2 real 1843M. KM-67. 1.31 grams. AVF host and AXF countermark with

1849-57) on a Costa Rica (Central American Republic) 1/2 real 1847JB with CREZCA in legend. KM-unl. (cf. 68). 1.45

Costa Rica (Republic)

1346. Costa Rica, 50 centavos, 1865GW. KM-112. 12.57 grams. 1347. Costa Rica, 50 centavos, 1880GW. KM-124. 12.65 grams. XF+ with spot of black toning to right of tree. Estimate: $150-$225.

Lustrous AU with weak centers, light surface hairlines. Estimate: $100-$150.

1348. Costa Rica (struck in England), 10 centavos, 1890-HEATON-BIRMM, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-129. Choice and lustrous, practically no bagmarks. Estimate: $70-$100.

Cuba

1349. Cuba, 1 peso, 1915, high-relief star. KM-15.1. 26.75 grams. Lustrous UNC with minor bagmarks, light surface hairlines in some fields, starting to tone. Estimate: $200-$300.

1350. Cuba, 1 peso (“star” peso), 1934, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-15.2. Minor bagmarks and good luster. Estimate: $100$150.

1351. Cuba, 1 peso, 1953, Martí centennial, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-129. Excellent luster, minor bagmarks here and there. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Danish West Indies 1352. Danish West Indies, bronze 1 cent, 1868, encapsulated ANACS MS 63,

ex-Dana Roberts. KM-68. Nearly full original luster and golden color, no wear or marks at all. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

Dominican Republic

1353. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 1/4 1354. Contemporary counterfeit of a Santo Domingo, Doreal (cuarto), Ferdinand VII, struck ca. 1810-20.

KM-2. 3.04 grams. Bold VF with dark red and black encrustation on fields, slightly

off-center strike but full design nonetheless. Estimate: $80-$120.

minican Republic, copper 1/4 real (cuarto), Ferdinand VII, struck ca. 1810-20. KM-2 for genuine. 2.72 grams. Crudely cast VG

with full SD side but F7 side very weak, interesting as clearly circulated but not officially struck. Estimate: $80-$120.

1355. Dominican Republic, obverse die for 100 gold pesos pattern 1980 (X-canceled), rare. 638 grams. Bold incuse details in retrograde with na-

tive bust inside legend ENRIQUILLO * 100 PESOS ORO * 1890 * all cancelled with slashed-in X, the field lustrous but the details and exterior lightly rusty. Estimate: $500-$750.

Ecuador

1356. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1845MV-A, rare one-year type. KM-29. 11.57 grams. Fine with weak bust, crude edge with hole at top of reverse, minor flan-flaw near bottom of arms, still a competent specimen of a type that is rare in any grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

246


1357. Quito, Ecuador, 2 reales, 1847GJ, rare, encapsulated NGC MS 64, with WINGS gold sticker, finest known in NGC census. KM 207. A spectacular and stunning example with deep and well-detailed strike all over in almost prooflike condition with very light (colorful) toning and gorgeous luster, possibly the finest known of the type, a popular design that is often compared to the attractive USA Liberty quarter dollars of 1831-1838. Pedigreed to a European estate. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1358. Quito, Ecuador, 1 real, 1837FP, transposed legends, 1359. Quito, Ecuador, 1 real, 1840MV, rare, encapsulated

rare, encapsulated NGC AU 58, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census, ex-Alfredo Karger (stated inside slab). KM-20. Lightly toned and boldly struck, with traces of muted luster under a modicum of tiny marks, rare condition for this rare subtype with the legends transposed relative to the denomination and date, clearly less worn and better detailed than others offered in the last decade. Pedigreed to the Alfredo Karger collection (Almanzar, ca. 1966). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

NGC AU 58, with WINGS silver sticker, finest known in NGC census, ex-Alfredo Karger (stated inside slab). KM-17.

Nice luster and light toning, bold strike with crudely re-punched legends (standard subtype, therefore an excellent companion piece to the previous transposed-legends lot, especially as matching in superior quality). Pedigreed to the Alfredo Karger collection (Almanzar, ca. 1966). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1360. Quito, Ecuador, 1/2 real, 1838ST, ex-Glenn Gilman. KM-22. 1.67 grams. Deeply struck and beautifully toned Mint State with minor rim damage below date, otherwise a worthy comparison with Dana Roberts’ lovely MS63 that hammered at $2800. Two-year type. Pedigreed to the Glenn Gilman collection. Estimate: $600-$900. 247


1361. Ecuador (struck in England), 1 sucre, 1884-HEATON / BIRMINGHAM, encapsulated PCGS MS62. KM-53.1. Lus-

trous and devoid of wear but typically bagmarked, with eye-catching rainbow toning ranging from royal blue at rims to golden scarlet in closer to centers. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1362. Ecuador (struck in England), 1 décimo, 1890-HEATON / BIRMINGHAM, encapsulated ANACS MS 63. KM-

50.1. Choice strike and preservation, in fact equal to the finest we have

seen for this very scarce date, with streaks of dark rainbow toning on both sides. Pedigreed to the Glenn Gilman collection. Estimate: $300$450.

1363. Ecuador (struck in Philadelphia), copper-nickel 10 centavos, 1918, encapsulated NGC MS 65, ex-Gilman. KM-

62. Nice luster and light golden toning, finest we have seen of this elusive one-year type but with two finer in NGC census. Pedigreed to the Glenn Gilman collection and to the Heritage auction of April 2012. Estimate: $300-$450.

1364. Ecuador (struck in Philadelphia), copper-nickel 5 centavos, 1917, encapsulated PCGS MS65, ex-Gilman. KM-

60.2. Finest specimen known to us of this scarce post-WWI issue, with

choice strike and very light rainbow toning, no wear at all, very rare in anything close to this quality (especially this first date) as usually affected by humidity in Ecuador. Pedigreed to the Glenn Gilman collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

1365. Ecuador (struck in Philadelphia), copper-nickel

2-1/2 centavos, 1917, encapsulated NGC MS 64, tied for finest known in NGC census, ex-Gilman. KM-61. Finest speci-

men known to us (tied with two others at top grade in NGC census) of this scarce post-WWI issue (one-year type), with choice strike and very light rainbow toning, no wear at all, very rare in anything close to this quality as usually affected by humidity in Ecuador. Pedigreed to the Glenn Gilman collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

El Salvador

1367. San Salvador, El Salvador, 2 reales, 1832, no assayer, 1366. San Salvador, El Salvador, 2 reales, date and assayer

not visible (1828F or FP). KM-5.1. 6.21 grams. Worn but popular

provisional state issue within the Central American Republic, the pillar and denomination bold Fine but the volcano weaker AVG, also off-center strike but nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

retrograde S’s for mintmark, error “LIVERTAD” in legend, very rare. KM-unl. (11 for type). 5.03 grams. XF with weak centers (most of

the legends bold), off-center volcano side, unlisted variety with obverse legend POR LA LIVERTAD DEL SALV, and a choice specimen of this crude but popular provisional issue under the Central American Republic Estimate: $700-$1,000.

248


1368. Lot of 3 El Salvador Columbus silver coins: two 1 peso 1894CAM and 1911CAM, and one 50 centavos 1892CAM.

62.13 grams total. The pesos AXF (the 1894 toned) but the 50c AVF (also toned), no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate:

$100-$150.

1369. El Salvador (struck in Philadelphia), 25 centavos, 1914, 15 DE SEPT DE 1821 inside triangle. KM-126. 6.18 grams.

Attractively toned Mint State, no marks or wear, with muted luster. Estimate: $70-$100.

1370. El Salvador, 10 centavos, 1892-CAM, ANACS AU

58.

KM-110. Seldom offered one-year type, this specimen with nice luster, splashes of light toning over a few fine marks but no visible wear. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Fiji 1371. Fiji (British administration), copper-nickel 1/2 penny, 1941, encapsulated NGC 67, tied for finest known in NGC census.

KM-14. Lustrous and lightly golden-toned, totally devoid of wear and marks, a tie with just one other specimen for top honors at NGC. Estimate: $150-$225.

France

1372. France (Carolingians), denier, Charles the Bald (840875), Le Mans mint, encapsulated NGC MS 61. Roberts-1414. Brightly lustrous, with all details clear and bold. Estimate: $150-$225.

1374. France (Paris mint), ecu, Louis XIV, 1711-A, encapsulated NGC AU 58, tied for finest known in NGC census.

KM-386.1; Dav-1324. Lightly toned with much underlying luster, practi-

cally no wear or marks. Estimate: $500-$750.

1373. France (Nantes mint), 1/8 ecu, Louis XIII, 1603-T, encapsulated NGC MS 62, probably finest known in NGC census. KM-22.3. Lustrous and choice, with just a few marks but no wear, exceptional grade for the period (only one at this grade with NGC), slightly off-center strike. (Note KM value for XF is $350, with no values given above that grade.) Estimate: $200-$300.

1375. France, siege of Aire sur la Lys, uniface 50 sols, Louis

XIV, 1710, rare. Maillet-I,5; Dusy-XIX,2. 14.95 grams. Deeply toned XF,

boldly struck (slightly off-center) diagonally on a square flan, rather nice for this siege issue during the War of Spanish Succession, this particular area frequently fought over by the Burgundians, French and Spanish. Pedigreed to the Teitgen (France) auction of October 2015, with original lot-tag #616. Estimate: $500-$750.

249


1376. France (Nantes mint), 1/4 ecu, Louis XIV, 1707T,

encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-376.8. Attractively toned, with traces of underlying luster, minimal wear (more like AU to our eyes) but with adjustment marks on both sides, scarce type. Estimate: $125-$200.

1380. Antwerp under France (Napoleonic siege coinage),

copper 5 centimes, 1814, wide LL, JLGN on ribbon, encapsulated NGC AU 58 BN, second finest known in NGC census.

KM-4.1. No wear but rims a bit crude (as made), the obverse slightly off-center, with just a couple fresh marks on both sides, some original luster, bettered by a single MS 63 at NGC. Estimate: $150-$225.

1377. France (Paris mint), 1/2 ecu, Louis XVI, 1790-A,

encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-562.1. Exceptional strike and preservation, with deep toning all over punctuated by spots of bright luster near rims, no wear or marks at all, tied with one other at this (presumably) top grade at NGC. Estimate: $400-$600.

1381. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, 1849-A, “Ceres” type,

encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-761.1. Nice luster, just a few too many bagmarks to make Mint State in the opinion of NGC (looks like full Mint State to us). Estimate: $350-$500.

1378. France (Orleans mint), 24 sols, Louis XVI, 1786-R,

encapsulated NGC MS 62, second finest known in NGC census. KM-569.12. Beautifully toned with dark contrast around de-

tails, slight wear on highest points of bust and with weak strike and adjustment marks at top of shield, bettered by just one MS 63 in the NGC census. Estimate: $200-$300.

1379. France (Paris mint), 12 sols, Louis XI, 1789/6-A, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for finest known in NGC census, unlisted overdate. KM-unl. (cf. 568.1). Bold strike with

nice toning and luster around details (tied with one other MS 62 at NGC), light adjustment marks on both sides, clear overdate that is not mentioned inside the slab but is very interesting and important because 1787 and 1788 are “reported, not confirmed” (according to KM) and 1789/6 would seem to condemn the existence of the dates in between. Estimate: $150-$225.

1382. France (Paris mint), 1 franc, 1888-A, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-822.1. Brightly lustrous, with minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

250


French West Indies 1383. French West Indies (?), fleur-de-lis countermark on a Paris, France, copper 5 centimes, L’an 8/5 (1799-1800), mintmark A/H, probably rare. KM-640.1 (host). 10.08 grams. Dark but evenly toned AXF host with AU

countermark (probably rare but currently unattributed), with clear 8/5 overdate and A/H over-mintmark as apparently struck from a re-worked La Rochelle-mint die. Estimate: $100-up.

German States Anhalt-Dessau 1384. Anhalt-Dessau, German States, 5 mark, Friedrich II, 1914A, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-31. Lightly toned (the reverse with light rainbow colors) with original luster around details, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

Hamburg 1385. Hamburg, German States, 3 mark, 1909-J, encapsulated PCGS

MS66+. KM-620. Choice luster and totally lacking marks or wear, with die-cracks on reverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

Saxe-Altenburg 1386. Saxe-Altenburg, German States, thaler, Johann Philipp I, Friedrich VIII, Johann Wilhelm IV and Friedrich Wilhelm II, 1623-WA, Saalfield mint. KM-302; Dav-7371. 28.66 grams. Attractively toned AXF, no problems. Estimate: $300-$450.

Germany 1387. Germany (Weimar Re-

public), 5 reichsmark, 1927-A, Oak Tree, encapsulated NGC 1388. Germany (Empire), 1 mark, 1914MS 64. KM-56. Choice luster and JJ, encapsulated PCGS MS67 (old green incipient toning, minimal bagmarks. tag). KM-14. Beautifully rainbow toned and utEstimate: $350-$500.

251

terly perfect in every way, totally devoid of any wear or marks or flaws. Estimate: $75-$110.


Great Britain

1389. England, penny, Aethelred II, 978-1016 AD, encap-

sulated NGC MS 61, second finest known in NGC census. Brightly lustrous and clearly never circulated, just a few minor marks but no wear at all, bettered only by a single MS 63 at NGC. Estimate: $400-$600.

Spink-1151.

1393. Great Britain (London, England), crown, George II,

1746, with LIMA below the bust, encapsulated PCGS VF35.

Beautiful deep toning all over (great contrast), closer to AXF in our opinion. Estimate: $600-$900. Spink-3689; KM-585.3.

1390. England, shilling, Philip and Mary (1554-58), no

date, no denomination. Spink-2499. 6.72 grams. VF details but with surface corrosion and “horn silver” all over, still with most of legends and busts and shield in evidence. Estimate: $100-$150.

1394. Great Britain, one dollar, oval George III countermark (1797-99) on a Mexican bust 8R 1792FM. Spink-3765A; KM-634.

26.59 grams. Host AVF, with nicely toned fields (slightly off-center

strike), countermark XF+, popular issue with the contemporary nickname “head of a fool on the neck of an ass.” Estimate: $350-$500.

1391. Great Britain, crown, Charles II, 1662. Spink-3350; KM-

417. 29.70 grams. Bold VF with nice toning, no problems except for re-tooled V in king’s name (no apparent reason). Estimate: $600-$900.

1395. Great Britain, copper halfpenny, George III, 1799, five incuse gunports on ship on reverse. Spink-3778; KM-647. 12.77

grams. Deeply toned AU with minor spotting, traces of original color

and luster around some details. Estimate: $125-$200.

1392. Great Britain (London, England), sixpence, William

III, 1697, third bust, large crowns, encapsulated NGC MS 63. Spink-3538; ESC-1566; KM-496.1. Light rosy toning with underlying

luster, slightly grainy surface on obverse but no wear or marks. Estimate: $250-$375.

1396. Great Britain, crown, George IV, 1821, edge SECUNDO, rotated axes. Spink-3805; KM-680.1. 27.47 grams. Lightly toned AVF with minor rim-bruises on reverse, nice contrast, unique die-axis error. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1397. Great Britain (London, England), florin (1/10 pound),

Victoria (young bust), 1852, encapsulated PCGS MS64.

Spink-3891; KM-746.1. Very sharp strike with original luster and beautiful

rainbow toning, no wear or marks at all, Gothic lettering. Estimate: $600-$900.

1398. Great Britain, trade dollar (Britannia issue), 1901-B, with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient.

KM-T5.

26.90 grams. Lightly toned AU, with two chops on obverse and three

on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

1399. Great Britain, trade dollar (Britannia issue), 1902B, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-T5. Brightly lustrous, minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $200-$300.

1400. Great Britain, trade dollar (Britannia issue), 1930,

no mintmark. KM-T5. 26.97 grams. UNC- with very light toning and muted luster, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $150-$225.

Guatemala (colonial) Pillars

1401. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755J. KM- 1402. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759P. KM18. 26.92 grams. XF+ with scratches above crown, once lightly cleaned

and now starting to tone at rims, rather nice overall for Guatemala. Estimate: $500-$750.

18. 26.81 grams. Deeply toned VF+, bold strike, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $500-$750.

1403. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1762P. KM-27.1. 25.62 grams. About Fine with crude rims (as made), very light incipient toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

253


1404. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1768P. KM-27.1. 25.45 grams. Very richly toned About Fine with weak centers, old graffiti

“X/� below QUE. Estimate: $300-$450.

1406. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1766P. KM-26. 12.81 grams. Fine+ / AVF with nice toning, crude hole to right of crown,

off-center reverse. Estimate: $125-$200.

1407. Lot of 2 Guatemala pillar minors (2R and 1/2R) of 1759P (Ferdinand VI). 8.17 grams total. Both AVF with hole at top, 1405. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1761P. KM-26.

the 2R with toning only near part of rim but the 1/2R toned all over (and with adjustment marks on pillars side). SEE INTERNET FOP PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

12.51 grams. Non-toned VG+ with several weak spots, plugged hole at

top. Estimate: $125-$200.

Busts

1408. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1772P, encapsulated NGC VF 30. KM-36.1. Lightly toned with hints of underlying luster, desirable type (two-year issue). Estimate: $500-$750.

1410. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1791M. KM-53.

26.53 grams. Lightly cleaned VF with minor marks, slightly off-center

strike, scarce second date of type. Estimate: $300-$450.

1409. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1776P, rare,

1411. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1792M. KM-53.

with surface marks and crude hole at top but overall quite acceptable for this key first date of type (very popular). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

$150-$225.

encapsulated NGC VF details / holed. KM-36.2. Deeply toned,

26.76 grams. Richly toned VF, very attractive for the grade. Estimate:

254


1412. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800M, encapsulated NGC MS 61, finest known in NGC census. KM-53.

Richly rainbow toned with muted luster, no marks or wear. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1416. Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815/4M,

encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines. KM-68. Bold XF+ with the usual amount of surface marks for the grade in our opinion, with clear (scarce) overdate not noted in slab (clean date not listed in KM). Estimate: $200-$300.

1417. Lot of 9 Guatemala bust 4 reales, Charles III through Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1772P, 1780P, 1793M, 1797M, 1799M, 1804M, 1806/5M, 1810M and 1819M. 118.63 grams total. AVF on average, all holed and cleaned except for

one (which is deeply toned). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

1413. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806/5M, encapsulated NGC AU 58, finest known in NGC census. KM-53.

Brightly lustrous and begging for a higher grade, still tops in NGC for the date and the only specimen graded with the scarce overdate. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1418. Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1800M, encap-

sulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. Choice strike and mirror-like luster, bettered by a single MS 64 at NGC. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-51.

1414. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821M. KM-

69. 26.93 grams. Brightly lustrous AU- with natural flaw in field behind head, once lightly cleaned but starting to re-tone at rims. Estimate: $125-$200.

1415. Lot of 11 Guatemala bust-type silver coins: 8R 1821M; 2R 1772P and 1789M (transitional IV/III); 1R 1791M; 1/2R 1783P, 1787M, 1796M, 1820M, 1821M, 1824M; and 1/4R 1801. 52.43 grams total. A small but interesting collection in a wide range of denominations and grades from Good (2R) to XF+ (1/4R), all more or less toned and relatively undamaged except for the 1/2R 1821, which is cut into a Heart shape in its time, and the 1/2R 1783, which is heavily scratched. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

1419. Guatemala, 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821M, encapsulated NGC MS 63, second finest in NGC census.

KM-67.

Beautiful luster under light toning, odd flan flaws below bust and on 8 of date, bettered only by a lone MS 65 at NGC. Estimate: $250-$375.

1420. Lot of 13 Guatemala bust 2 reales, Charles IV through

Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1790M, 1791M, 1792M, 1793M, 1794M, 1795M, 1796M, 1798M, 1799M, 1800M, 1804M, 1810M and 1820M. 83.48 grams total. VG-F on average,

mostly lightly toned, a few with minor damage but none holed. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

255


1421. Guatemala, 1 real proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Medina-297; Herrera-16. 3.47 grams. Attractive AXF (or even full XF) with light rainbow toning. Acquired from Roberto Ulloa of El Salvador.

Estimate: $200-$300.

1422. Large lot of 29 Guatemala bust 1 reales (17) and 1/2 reales (12), Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 74.35 grams total. VG-F on average, some lightly toned, a few with very

minor damage but none holed, all with clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

Guatemala (Central American Republic)

1423. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1426. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1826/5M.

KM-4. 26.89 grams. Lustrous AU- with lovely toning in legends, faint adjustment marks, very scarce overdate. Estimate: $500-$750.

1829M. KM-4. 26.84 grams. Nicely toned AXF with parts of rims weak

1424. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales, 1826M. KM-4. 26.89 grams. XF+ with patchy deep toning, nice luster,

1427. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales, 1836M. KM-4. 26.87 grams. XF+ with muted luster, a few light marks

due to centering. Estimate: $200-$300.

hairlines on tree side. Estimate: $300-$450.

and minor rim-flaw (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

1425. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales, 1827M. KM-4. 26.81 grams. Highly lustrous AU with nice toning at

1428. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales, 1836BA. KM-4. 26.83 grams. Lustrous XF+, scarce date. Estimate:

rims, slightly weak centers, small modern test-cut in rim. Estimate: $300-$450.

$400-$600.

256


Guatemala (countermarked)

1429. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1846/2AE/MA, CREZCA/CRESCA.

XF+ with weak spots but bold legends, very lightly toned over muted luster. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-4. 26.95 grams.

1430. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1847/6A. KM-4. 26.82 grams. Beautifully toned AU with underlying luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

1433. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark

(Type II, 1839) on a Mexico klippe 8R 1733MF. KM-107. 27.30 grams. Bold XF host with light gilding and crude hole that goes through

part of the countermark too (at edge). Estimate: $600-$900.

1434. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark

(Type II, 1839) on a Mexico klippe 8R 1733MF. KM-107. 26.51 grams. Attractively toned AVF host with weak date, two holes (one in

point and one at end of cross). Estimate: $400-$600.

1431. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1847/6A. KM-4. 26.81 grams. XF+ with luster, rim-bump. Estimate: $200-$300.

1435. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839), on a Mexico klippe 8R 1734/3MF, very rare.

Host Fine+ but with all important details full (weak but certain overdate), choice countermark (AXF) in very center of reverse, holed at point in edge. Estimate: $700-$1,000. KM-107. 26.42 grams.

1432. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 1/4 real,

1826, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-1. Deeply toned jewel with underlying luster, choice strike, rare quality for this date as there were very few examples in the famous Antigua hoard. Pedigreed to the Tarapaca collection and the Howard Herz collection, also to our Auction #9 (lot #1617). Estimate: $200-$300.

1436. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark

(Type II, 1839) on a PotosĂ­ cob 8 reales, 1709/8Y (rare).

Crude host (VG) with much flatness but bold overdate, double-struck cross with choice (toned AXF) countermark in one quadrant. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-97.1. 26.10 grams.

257


1437. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839) on a PotosĂ­ cob 8R 1767V-Y. KM-100. 26.54 grams. Thick and chunky host with full pillars and cross, two

dates, Fine with toning and encrustation, countermark in one quadrant of cross. Estimate: $350-$500.

1438. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark

(Type II, 1839) on a Guatemala cob 8R 1739J. KM-101. 26.53 grams. Nicely toned About Fine host with edge-split, off-center strike

but with all important data full (date, mintmark and assayer), choice VF countermark. Estimate: $250-$375.

1439. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark

(Type II, 1839) on a Guatemala cob 8R 1741J. KM-101. 26.43 grams. Toned Fine host with full date and mintmark (off-center),

slightly doubled shield side with nice VF countermark. Estimate: $500-$750.

1440. Guatemala, 8 reales, Type III double countermark (1840) on a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1839MB, also marked with an El Salvador Type II (1834+) zig-zag test mark. KM-120.3 for Guatemala, KM-unl. (105 for type) for El Salvador, and KM-142.3 for Peru. 27.51

grams. Fascinating coin with three countermarks, the zig-zag test mark of El Salvador probably applied first (per a decree of 1834 but used for years after that) followed by a double countermark (as opposed to a counterstamp, in which two marks are applied in the same place on opposite sides of the coin) from Guatemala with sun-over-mountains on one side and sunface star on the other side, the host AVF with very light golden toning but the countermarks more like XF (the zig-zag very clear and sharp), an interesting manifestation of the turbulence and political uncertainty upon the failure of the Central American Republic. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

258


1441. Guatemala, 8 reales, Type IV counterstamp (1841) on a

Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1840LR with 0 over sideways 0 (unlisted variety). KM-114. 26.92 grams. Using the same marks as Type III, the Type

IV counterstamp was applied in the same place on each side of the coin, this example being rather well detailed on a lustrous XF with gorgeous rainbow toning, the re-punched date clear but apparently unreported till now (the even stranger 1840 with 4 over inverted 4, on the other hand, is known). Estimate: $300-$400.

Guatemala (Republic) 1442. Lot of 3 Guatemala 1R under Carrera: 1859/95R (rare), 1859 no R (scarce), and 1862R with “R” in beaded-circle

countermark (Type IV) of El Salvador. 8.84 grams total. F-VF on average, the no-R 1859 with old scratches on head, an interesting trio.

SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

1443. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1888, encapsulated NGC MS 62 with WINGS gold sticker, tied for finest known in NGC census.

KM-207.

Attractively lightly toned with underlying luster and nice strike, very similar to the Lissner example, which sold for $3,932. Very few full-size crowns were struck locally due to the economic situation of the 1880s, and in fact only a few thousand pieces were made of all the types in 1888-1893. The known chain of ownership of this specimen starts with the 1973 Jess Peters sale and goes through a couple influential collectors (Alex Safie and Roberto Ulloa) prior to acquisition by our consignor. Pedigreed to the Jess Peters 1973 Higgins auction. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1444. Guatemala, 8 reales, 1/2-real counterstamp of 1894 on a Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1884. KM-216. 24.74 grams. AU with

luster and incipient toning around details. Estimate: $125-$200.

1445. Lot of 5 Guatemala 1-peso coins: 1864R (Carrera),

1872, 1894, 1896 and 1/2R counterstamp 1894 on a Peru sol of 1865. 124.41 grams total. VF on average, a few nicks but nothing

major, the counterstamped piece with black patches. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

259


1446. Lot of 3 miscellaneous Guatemala coins: 1/2R counterstamp (1894) on a Lima, Peru, 1 sol of 1890TF; 1/4R 1889; and bronze 1 centavo 1871. 30.55 grams total. Generally XF, no problems, diverse trio from around the same time period. SEE INTERNET

FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $60-$90.

Honduras (patterns) 1447. Honduras, pattern aluminum 1/4 real, 1872. KM-E1. 1.03 grams. Lustrous and almost prooflike Mint State with minor marks,

small spot of corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

Honduras (Central American Republic)

1448. Tegucigalpa, Honduras (Central American Repub-

lic), 1 real, 1830F, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census. KM-19.2. Lovely toning and luster, very choice for this type despite the inevitable edge-flaw at 9 o’clock, highest among some 20 coins currently graded by NGC. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Honduras (provisional)

1449. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, low-silver 4 reales (provisional), 1851G. KM-20a. 7.90 grams. Toned AU with muted luster, obvious silvering with lovely soft appearance, exceptional for this type. Acquired from Holland Wallace in 1979. Estimate: $300-$450.

1451. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, low-silver 2 reales (provisional), 1853G, ex-Dana Roberts. KM-19e. 3.97 grams. Dark Fine+

with crude rims due to centering, full details but obviously much lower in silver than previous type. Somewhat uncommon but by no means rare. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

1452. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, low-silver 1 real (provisional), 1450. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, low-silver 4 reales (provision- 1844G, CREZCA, rare. KM-18a. 4.01 grams. Dark VF with hairline

al), 1852G. KM-20b. 8.57 grams. Choice, toned XF, a nice comparison with the previous lot as clearly mixed with less silver, bold details but somewhat crude rims as struck a bit off-center. Acquired from Holland Wallace in 1979. Estimate: $250-$375.

edge-crack, obviously low silver content per the provisional issue (yet high in weight), nice appearance overall (close to finest known), less than a dozen examples known (almost all corroded). Acquired from Tom Ryon in 1976. Estimate: $400-$600.

260


Honduras (Republic) 1453. Honduras, 10 centavos, 1871. KM-35. 2.24 grams. XF with very weakly struck legend below tree, one-year type struck in 0.835 fine silver (despite the 0.900 stated in the legend). Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1454. Honduras, copper 1 centavo, 1908, small-pyramid type struck from 10-centavos dies with REPLBLICA error and denomination UN punched over 10, rotated axis, encapsulated NGC MS 62 BN, with WINGS silver sticker. KM-61

Odd and interesting product of the sloppy Tegucigalpa mint, using 10-centavos dies from 1884-1900 with modified date and denomination, the UN / 10 overpunch quite bold, in fact the whole coin unusually deeply struck with full details, traces of original color and luster, rare this nice (and uncorroded). It also shows unaligned axes, the reverse rotated about 240 degrees relative to the obverse. This specimen is the only one graded by NGC so far and is therefore the finest in their census. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

(KM-49 die).

Hungary

1455. Honduras, copper 1 centavo, 1910, 5c obverse die and 1/2c reverse die, encapsulated NGC MS 64 BN, ex-Dana Roberts. KM-66 (KM-48 obverse, KM-45 reverse). Like the previous lot, this

coin attests to the troubles at the Tegucigalpa mint, which created this coin from dies meant for two other, different denominations (5c obverse, 1/2c reverse), the modification to denomination and date on reverse quite obvious here, this specimen rather choice in strike (despite a rim-cud on reverse and corresponding weakness on other side) and preservation, with much original color and luster and no wear or marks at all, far better than just UNC (which KM values at $500) and presumably much better than Lissner’s example (which was originally offered by Louis Hudson as graded XF). This specimen is also the only one graded by NGC so far and is therefore the finest in their census. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1456. Hungary (Hapsburg), thaler, Ferdinand III, 1656KB, Kremnitz mint. KM-107; Dav-3198. 28.70 grams. Attractive and well-detailed XF with toning around details. Estimate: $400-$600.

India 1457. Goa, India (Portuguese), 1 rupia, Pedro V, 1857, encapsulated NGC AU 55, second finest known in NGC census. KM-279. Lustrous but typically a bit crude in strike, no problems, bet-

tered only by a single MS 61 at NGC, no values given in KM above VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

261


1458. India (British), 1 rupee, George VI, 1938, dot mintmark at bottom on reverse, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-555. Very lightly toned over muted luster, very minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $200-$300.

Italian States Genoa

1459. Genoa, Italian States, scudo, 1649BN. KM-79. 38.00 grams.

Choice AXF with elegant toning, parts of rims crude (as made). Estimate: $400-$600.

Milan 1460. Milan, Italian States, ducatone, Philip IV, 1622, encap-

sulated NGC AU 50, finest known in NGC census. KM-43; Dav-

4001. Richly

toned and very well preserved but with typical natural flaws (cracks) and slightly off-center reverse. Estimate: $500-$750.

Naples 1461. Naples, Italian States, 120 grana (piastra), Ferdinand

IV, 1791P-AP-M, zodiac reverse. KM-213. 27.13 grams. VF with light

toning around details, light scratch near center of reverse. Estimate: $150-$225.

Piedmont (Sub-Alpine Republic) 1462. Piedmont, Italy (Sub-Alpine Republic), 5 francs, l’an

10 (1801), encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-C4. Exceptional grade (bettered only by two MS 66’s at NGC), with mirrorlike luster and incipient toning, minor bagmarks only, two-year Napoleonic issue. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

262


Jamaica

1463. Jamaica (British administration), 10 pence, “GR” double

countermark on a Lima, Peru, pillar 1 real, Ferdinand VI, 1757JM. KM-3. 3.00 grams. Host coin VG with weak spots but bold date,

the countermarks Fine or better, with punchmark in center on pillars side, darkly toned all over, popular issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

1464. Jamaica (British administration), 5 pence, “GR” double countermark on a Lima, Peru, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1758JM. KM1.3. 1.55 grams. Fine+

Japan

host with nice toning, the countermarks somewhat crude, popular issue. Estimate: $175-$250.

1465. Lot of 3 Japanese 1 yen, ca. 1897, with “gin” countermark to left of center on each. KM-Y28a.2. 80.47 grams total. UNC details but lightly cleaned (all). Acquired by the consignor during the US occupation of Japan, ca. 1947. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

1466. Japan, 20 sen, 1887 (M20), encapsulated PCGS MS66 1467. Japan, 20 sen, 1887 (M20), encapsulated PCGS MS66 (old green tag). KM-Y24. Brightly lustrous and frosty all over, just a few small bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

(old green tag). KM-Y24. Frosty with luster, incipient toning on obverse, no marks or wear. Estimate: $200-$300.

1468. Japan, 10 sen, 1916 (T5), encapsulated PCGS MS66 (old green tag).

KM-Y36.2. Highly lustrous and almost devoid of any contact marks, nearly perfect. Estimate:

$75-$110.

Martinique 1469. Martinique (British administration), 3 escalins, 1/4 cut segment (1798) of a Mexico bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III), 1790(FM). KM-26.

7.94 grams. Nicely toned VF, cut so that the mintmark and date show, plus enough of the king’s bust to identify the type (scarce combination). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

263


Mexico (colonial) Pillars

1470. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, mintmark M.X, encapsulated NGC AU details / saltwater damage, very rare. 25.76 grams. Boldly struck and very well-preserved specimen considering its source, with light toning over just-barely

corroded surfaces, one of the nicest shipwreck examples we’ve seen. The 1733 with mintmark M.X is a close second in rarity and popularity to the first-date 1732, and is remarkable as the only time in its history that the Mexico City mint used anything but oM or just M for the mintmark on silver coins. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

1471. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, 1472. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF,

encapsulated ANACS EF 40 details / corroded. Very light surface corrosion on both sides (especially at rims), contrasting sediment around details, bold strike overall, scarce second date of issue. (Note: Slight blurriness in center of obverse is from wear on slab, not part of the coin.) From an unspecified shipwreck (probably Rooswijk [1739] or 1733 Fleet). Estimate: $900-$1,350.

chopmarked as from circulation in the Orient. 26.75 grams.

Lustrous AU+ with bold, deep chops on both sides, remarkably high quality overall. Estimate: $300-$450.

264


1473. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF and 1746MF, both with chopmarks as circulated in the Orient. 53.91 grams total. AU and XF with mostly small chops, very nice grade for chopmarked pieces. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO.

Estimate: $400-$600.

1479. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1769MF, encapsulated NGC VF 30, ex-Rudman. Somewhat

1474. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, light strike with a few stray marks but nice overall, with rainbow

1761MM. 26.97 grams. Lustrous AU (rare grade) with very light toning, minor rim-nicks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1475. NO LOT.

toning at rim on shield side. Pedigreed to the Isaac Rudman collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

1480. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Charles III,

1768/7MF, encapsulated NGC VF details / surface hairlines, ex-Rudman. Light strike with colorful (but uneven) toning and small

1476. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1762MM. 26.85 grams. Richly rainbow-toned XF, very attractive. Estimate: $200-$300.

marks all over. Pedigreed to the Isaac Rudman collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1481. Large lot of 23 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales,

Philip V through Charles III, dates as follows: 1738/7MF, 1739MF, 1743M, 1746M, 1747M, 1748M, 1750M (4), 1751M (2), 1753M (2), 1754M (2), 1755M (2), 1756M (3), 1762M and 1771F. 144.74 grams total. Fine on average, several damaged (holed or plugged, scratched or soldered) but all with clear dates and most nicely toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1477. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1768/7MF, rare overdate. 26.47 grams. Fine with crude old hole at top and some edge-smoothing but desirable for the weak but certain overdate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1482. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1767M, encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines, ex-Rudman.

Lightly rainbow toned and attractive, really no evidence of hairlines that we can tell. Pedigreed to the Isaac Rudman collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1483. Large lot of 33 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 reales, Philip V through Charles III, various dates. 102.21 grams total.

F-VF on average, a few holed or plugged but overall pretty decent and with clear dates, most nicely toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

1484. Large lot of 57 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 reales, Philip V through Charles III, various dates. 86.45 grams total.

1478. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1746MF. VG-VF overall, about a third holed or damaged in some way but 13.52 grams. Bold XF with light scratches above crown, faint tan ton-

ing. Estimate: $350-$500.

all with clear dates and most nicely toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

265


Busts

1485. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1772FM, initials facing rim. 26.97 grams. Bold VF with dark toning around details, good rims. Estimate: $150-$225.

1486. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1774FM. 26.52 grams. AXF with rich rainbow toning, minor surface porosity in places. Estimate: $150-$225.

1487. Contemporary counterfeit of a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1781FF. 23.48 grams. Incorrect weight and fanciful face on the bust, from a well-known hoard of genuine 8R found in Haiti a few years ago, in lustrous Mint State grade with tiny bagmarks but no wear. According to specialist Bob Gurney, this counterfeit is known from at least a half dozen examples, including some with the Bank of England oval countermark of 1797-99, and is recognizable by the dot above and to the right of the final 1 in the date, an issue Gurney attributes to Birmingham, England (listed as 1781-O: B / R: Mo FF-002 in his book Counterfeit Portrait Eight-Reales [2014]), because all examples are struck in thin Sheffield plate, hot rolled. This is apparently the only Mint State example known. Estimate: $500-up.

1488. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1788FM.

26.93 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor marks in fields, faint partial toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

266


1489. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transi-

tional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789FM. 26.89 grams.

Lustrous AU+ with faint marks on obverse only. Estimate: $150-$225.

1490. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles

IV, 1798FM and 1799FM. 53.63 grams total. AVF on average, some nice toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

1494. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1789/8FM, unlisted overdate. CT-unl. (cf. 1152); KM-unl. (cf. 97.2a).

13.34 grams. Scarcer non-transitional (and posthumous) issue for this date, AVF with weak centers, toned around details, the overdate rather clear and probably rare as unlisted in KM or CT. Estimate: $150-$225.

1495. Large lot of 50 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 322.43 grams total. VG-F on average, ten holed but most pretty decent, with

clear dates and good toning (a few cleaned). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

1496. Large lot of 62 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 reales,

Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 203.67 grams total. VG to XF (Fine on average), none holed, only a few with ton-

ing, all with clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

1491. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV,

1800FM. 26.82 grams. Non-toned AXF with traces of original luster in legends. Estimate: $90-$135.

1497. Huge lot of 195 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 reales,

Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 310.09 grams total. VG to AVF (About Fine on average), several with holes or other

damage, toning on a minority, desirable quantity for a promotion. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $600-$900.

1492. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805TH. 26.95 grams. Cleaned AU-, no toning, parts of rims crude. Estimate: $100-$150.

1498. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/4 real, 1796. 0.84 gram. AU+ with

a few old marks, lustrous fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1493. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV,

1808TH. 26.93 grams. Richly toned XF+, very attractive and problemfree. Estimate: $125-$200.

267

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


Mexico (War of Independence) Durango

Sombrerete de Vargas

1499. Durango, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1813RM. KM-111.2. 25.22 grams. Fine for type, very crudely struck as usual, with deep, rich toning all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

1503. Sombrerete de Vargas, Mexico, 8 reales, 1811, struck issue, encapsulated NGC AU 50, second finest known in NGC census, rare. KM-177. Very crude strike as usual but with full

shield with well-detailed full crown above, lightly toned with traces of luster, adjustment marks, bettered only by a single AU 55 at NGC. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1500. Durango, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1822CG. KM-111.2. 26.43 grams. Near AU for type but with typically crude centers and rims, richly rainbow toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

Guadalajara 1504. Sombrerete de Vargas, Mexico, 8 reales, 1812, rare.

KM-177. 26.60 grams. AVF with much bold detail but some flat spots too, lightly toned, a few natural flaws. Estimate: $500-$750.

Zacatecas 1501. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1814MR. KM-102.4. 12.96 grams. Fine with typically weak centers but bold legends, crude rims as usual, deeply toned all over. Estimate: $125-$200.

Oaxaca/SUD/Tierra Caliente (Morelos)

1505. Zacatecas, Mexico, 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811-L.V.O., Royal arms on obverse, rare. KM-190. 27.30 grams. Choice grade for issue, with semi-lustrous AU+ obverse but somewhat porous reverse, crude rims as usual. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

1502. Oaxaca/SUD/Tierra Caliente (Morelos), Mexico, copper 8 reales, 1813. KM-248. 19.71 grams. AXF with very crude

rims (as made), small natural flaw on C, dark brown color all over. Estimate: $80-$120.

268


1506. Zacatecas, Mexico, 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811-L.V.O., Royal arms on obverse, encapsulated NGC AU 50, rare. KM-190. Choice strike for issue, with full details on both sides (albeit off-center), attractively toned. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

1507. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1820AG, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-111.5. Golden toning all over with much underlying luster, weak centers as usual. Estimate: $350-$500.

1508. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815AG. KM-92.1. 5.64 grams. Crude strike as usual but with bold date and king’s name and ordinal, About Fine for the type, lightly toned, scarce. Estimate: $100-$150.

1509. Lot of 8 Zacatecas, Mexico, bust minors (three 2R, three 1R and two 1/2R) of Ferdinand VII, various dates (1819-21). 33.24 grams total. VG-F on aver-

age, some with toning, no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

Mexico (Empire of Iturbide)

1510. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales, 1823JM, Iturbide. KM-

AXF with traces of luster and toning, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $400-$600. 310. 27.03 grams.

1512. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, 1822JM, Iturbide, with old NGC MS 64 tag. KM-301. 1.65 grams. Brightly lustrous and devoid of any wear or marks, also well struck, non-toned gem. Estimate: $600-$900.

1511. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, 1823JM, Iturbide, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-303. Choice grade with lovely rainbow toning (deep blue centers radiating to golden pink at rims), minor edge-flaw and a few light marks on high points. Estimate: $500-$750.

1513. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, 1823JM, Iturbide,

encapsulated NGC MS 62.

KM-301. Beautiful rainbow toning (very deep and dark), excellent strike and virtually no wear or marks. Estimate: $600-$900.

269


Mexico (Empire of Maximilian) 1514. Mexico City, Mexico, 50 centavos, 1866, Maximilian, encap-

sulated PCGS MS62. KM-387. Rare grade, highly lustrous, with small patch of toning at top only. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Mexico (Republic) Cap-and Rays

1515. Mexico City, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales, 1828/7JM.

Nice XF with muted luster, toned at rims, weak centers, the overdate unlisted in KM but mentioned in Resplandores (Dunigan / Parker) under #Mo07. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-unl. (cf. 377.10). 26.88 grams.

1516. Alamos, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales, 1893ML,

encapsulated NGC MS 65.

Beautifully rainbow toned, with splashes of blue at rims, original luster, minimal bagmarks, tied (with seven others!) for second finest known in NGC census, behind a single MS 66. Estimate: $600-$900. KM-377.

1518. Zacatecas, Mexico, cap-and-rays 4 reales, 1860/59MO.

KM-375.9. 13.42 grams. Lightly struck AXF, the fields somewhat lustrous and unmarked but the high points flat, very lightly rainbow toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1519. San Luis PotosĂ­, Mexico, cap-and-rays 4 reales,

1863RO. KM-375.8. 13.40 grams. Darkly toned VF with some weak strike and parts of rims crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

1517. Lot of 4 Mexican cap-and-rays 8 reales, various

mints and dates: 1834ZsOM, 1838ZsOM, 1841CaRG and 1842ZsoM. 107.80 grams total. Generally AVF with no major damage,

the 1834 deeply toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

1520. Mexico City, Mexico, cap-and-rays 1 real, 1832JM.

KM-372.8. 3.36 grams. High Mint State (rare grade) with highly lustrous fields and no wear or marks at all, lightly toned, great candidate for certified encapsulation. Estimate: $100-$150.

270


Decimal

1524. Zacatecas, Mexico, 50 centavos, 1877S. KM-407.8. 13.49 1521. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 peso, 1870C.

KM-408.5. 27.04 grams. Mint State with minor marks in fields on balance-scale side

only, incipient toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

grams. Lustrous XF with slightly weak centers, very light toning, slight surface porosity (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico (United States of Mexico)

1522. Guanajuato, Mexico, 50 centavos, 1870S, encapsu-

lated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census.

KM-407.4. Beautiful rainbow toning with full underlying luster, devoid of wear and with minimal marks, quite pretty and among just three at this top grade at NGC. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1525. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 peso “caballito,� 1910. KM-453.

27.08 grams. Mint State with muted luster, very minor bagmarks only.

Estimate: $125-$200.

1523. Hermosillo, Mexico, 50 centavos, 1876F. KM-407.5. 13.54 grams. Richly toned AXF with hint of luster, no problems. Estimate: $150-$225.

1526. Mexico City, Mexico, copper 2 centavos, 1920, encap-

sulated NGC MS 62 RB. KM-419. Nice original color and luster around details, no wear or marks at all. Estimate: $100-$150.

271


Mozambique

1527. Mozambique (under Portugal), 8 reales, monogrammed-MR countermark (1767) on a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales of Charles III assayer V-(Y) (date not visible), rare.

KM-27.1 (but later host). 26.03 grams. Worn and chunky host (About Fine with small edge-splits) and crude but full countermark effacing the host date (but assayer V at top right visible, hence 1760-1773), nicely toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

1528. Mozambique (under Portugal), onça (“canelo”), date

not visible (1843), rare. KM-26.1. 26.64 grams. Near-slick surfaces (Fair, with just the mintmark M and denomination [ON]CA visible) but with bold and well-toned countermarks (VF). Estimate: $300$450.

Netherlands (United)

1529. Campen, Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1647, encap- 1531. West Friesland, Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1676,

sulated NGC MS 61, tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-42, Dav-4879. Impressively

prooflike with luster, with no wear but some high points weak, the lion side slightly off-center. Estimate: $250-$375.

encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census. KM-

68; Dav-4940. Lustrous

and devoid of wear but with some weak strike on high points and spots of surface roughness (as made), still the best (and only) specimen at NGC, with light incipient toning. Interestingly, the date appears to be 1676/6761, initially engraved backwards! Estimate: $600-$900.

Netherlands (Kingdom)

1530. Gelderland, Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1647, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-15.3; Dav-4849. Highly lustrous but with some weak strike, tied with one other for second finest known in NGC census (bettered by a single MS 63). Estimate: $250-$375.

1532. Netherlands (Kingdom), 2-1/2 gulden, Willem III, 1858, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census. KM-82. Lustrous and well detailed, with only a couple minor

bagmarks, incipient toning at rims. Estimate: $600-$900.

272


Paraguay 1533. Paraguay, 1 peso, 1889.

KM-5. 24.97 grams. Rainbow-toned UNC with underlying luster, edge-nick below PESO, popular one-year type. Estimate: $300-$450.

Busts

Peru (colonial) Pillars

1534. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1766JM, dot over left mintmark only. 26.59 grams. Attractively toned XF with

+-shaped cluster of star-like punches in field above crown (purpose unknown). Estimate: $350-$500.

1535. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1771JM, both salvaged. 48.60 grams total. XF details despite light

surface corrosion and dark toning as from unspecified salvage, one partially cleaned but the other all dark. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1536. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI (1757JM and 1760JM) and Charles III (1760JM). 19.34 grams.

F-VF on average, all holed (one plugged), some light toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

1537. Lima, Peru, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1756JM.

1.67 grams. Toned AU with muted luster, very slightly grainy surfaces (as made) but boldly struck. Estimate: $125-$200.

1538. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1772JM, encapsulated NGC MS 62, finest known in NGC census, ex-Millennia (stated inside slab). KM-78. Very bold strike and

devoid of wear but with faint surface hairlines, significant as the finest known of the very first date of bust crowns from the only mint in all of South America to mint bust crowns in that pivotal first year, with a famous pedigree to boot. Pedigreed to the Millennia collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

273


1539. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1773JM, encapsulated NGC AU 53. KM-78. Nice luster and colorful toning in,

also choice strike except for weak spot at rim below date. Estimate: $400-$600.

1540. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806JP. 27.69 grams. AU with luster (especially near rims), high points slightly weak.

Estimate: $150-$225.

1543. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808JP. 27.28

grams. Beautifully rainbow-toned XF with luster at rims, reverse slightly off-center. Estimate: $100-$150.

1544. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional

(“imaginary bust”), 1810JP. 26.00 grams. AU with weak centers, luster at rims, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $175-$250.

1541. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1807JP. 26.89 1545. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional

grams. Lustrous AU/UNC with light surface hairlines on obverse only, parts of obverse rims crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

(“imaginary bust”), 1811JP, encapsulated NGC AU 55.

1542. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808JP. 26.04

1546. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“imaginary bust”), 1811JP. 26.90 grams. Bold XF with muted

grams. Highly lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines on obverse

only, parts of rims crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

Lightly toned, with much underlying luster. Estimate: $250-$375.

luster, toning around details, minor field-marks and rim-bump. Estimate: $150-$225.

274


1547. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812JP. 26.66 1551. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824G.

grams. UNC with much luster but marks in obverse fields, nice details, off-center strike. Estimate: $175-$250.

1548. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815JP, unique error with partial second strike. 26.72 grams. XF+ with

patchy red toning, lamination at rim, but most important feature is the striking error, which imparted a second strike with about 10% of the die showing at the edge. Estimate: $500-up.

26.90 grams. XF with weak centers, light surface hairlines on obverse,

very lightly toned, incomplete rims due to centering, scarce one-year issue. Estimate: $250-$375.

1552. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824T.

26.69 grams. Off-center VF with crude rims, weak spots on bust and crown, slightly scarcer than assayer G for this one-year issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

1549. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819JP. 27.03 1553. Lima, Peru, bust 4 reales Ferdinand VII, 1820JP. 13.25 grams. Choice UNC with superb luster but light surface hairlines on

obverse only. Estimate: $200-$300.

grams. Lightly toned AU with luster, light surface hairlines on obverse, tiny rim-nick. Estimate: $200-$300.

1554. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII:

1813JP and 1819JP (2). 38.89 grams total. Fine or better, the 1813 with porosity but the 1819’s nicely toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

1555. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII:

1812JP and 1819JP. 26.45 grams total. F-VF with some nice ton-

1550. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821JP. 26.79 ing, no big problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: grams. AU+ with muted luster under splashes of golden toning, nice

$100-$150.

strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

275


1562. Large lot of 51 Lima, Peru, bust 1 reales (32) and 1/2 reales (19), Charles III through Ferdinand VII, various dates.

132.40 grams total. VG-F on average, mostly lightly toned, three of the

1/2R holed but otherwise no major damage. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

1556. Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790IJ, “R2� error. 6.69 grams. Fine

with toning around details, scuff-marks on bust, common two-year error. Estimate: $70-$100.

1563. Lima, Peru, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1776MJ. 1.72 grams. Bold XF+, popular date. Estimate: $100-$150.

1557. Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1795IJ. 6.63 grams.

Boldly well-struck AU+ with matte surfaces (no luster), old scratch below crown. Estimate: $80-$120.

1558. Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1799IJ. 6.66 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines on obverse only, incomplete rims. Estimate: $80-$120.

1564. Lima, Peru, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1802IJ.

1.65 grams. Bold Mint State with muted luster, crude rims (as made), incipi-

ent toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1565. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1821. 0.79 gram. AXF with dark toning, slight surface porosity, good rims. Estimate: $70-$100.

Peru (provisional)

1566. Large lot of 19 Lima, Peru, provisional copper 1/4 1559. Large lot of 45 Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles pesos 1823 (8), 1/8 pesos 1823 (6) and 1/4R 1822 (5). 91.10

III through Ferdinand VII, various dates. 283.11 grams total.

VG to VF (About Fine on average), a few damaged (holed and/or clipped, plus one with serrated edge), mostly toned but some silvery from cleaning, all with clear dates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $450-$675.

1560. Large lot of 24 Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles III

through Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1774MJ, 1777MJ, 1780MI (2), 1786MI, 1789IJ, 1790IJ, 1791IJ, 1793IJ (2), 1794IJ (3), 1795IJ, 1796IJ, 1797IJ, 1798IJ, 1802IJ (3), 1803IJ, 1805JP, 1819JP and 1821JP. 156.08 grams total. About

grams total. Generally F-VF but a couple are AU with original color

and luster, one of the 1/4p is 1823V (scarce), minor corrosion and rim-nicks here and there but no major damage. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

Peru (Republic)

Fine to VF+, mostly toned but some cleaned, no major damage, a few with clashed dies. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1561. Large lot of 14 Lima, Peru, bust 1R, Charles III

through Ferdinand VII, dates as follows: 1773JM, 1775MJ, 1777MJ, 1778MJ, 1779MJ, 1781MI, 1785MI, 1798IJ, 1802IJ, 1806JP, 1808JP, 1812JP, 1813JP and 1821JP. 44.18

grams total. About Fine to AXF, no holes or major damage, only a few with toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

1567. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1826JM.

KM-142.1. 27.69 grams.

Highly lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines, weak centers as usual. Estimate: $125-$200.

276


1568. Cuzco, Peru, 8 reales, 1828G.

KM-142.2. 26.40 grams.

1572. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1833MM.

KM-142.3. 27.00 grams.

with traces of luster, bold strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

1573. Cuzco, Peru, 8 reales, 1839MS.

KM-170.4. 26.39 grams.

1570. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1832MM, encapsulated NGC

1574. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1843MB. KM-142.10. 26.50 grams.

Lustrous Mint State, lightly toned, with fine scratches below FELIZ, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

1569. Cuzco, Peru, 8 reales, 1828G. KM-142.2. 26.88 grams. XF+

Toned AXF with part of edge crude (as made), popular and highly artistic design, key final date of type. Estimate: $350-$500.

MS 61. KM-142.3. Lustrous but with Liberty typically crude and weak.

Estimate: $200-$300.

1571. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1832MM.

Lustrous but lightly cleaned UNC, center of shield slightly weak as usual. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-142.3. 27.70 grams.

Lustrous and lightly toned AU+ with typically weak Liberty and center of shield. Estimate: $100-$150.

Lightly toned AVF with very weak centers (tiny marks in flat areas). Estimate: $100-$150.

1575. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1844MB. KM-142.10. 25.30 grams. AVF with very weak centers, lightly toned, parts of rims crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

277


1576. Pasco, Peru, 4 reales, 1844M. KM-151.5. 13.94 grams. Nice VF+ with toning around details. Estimate: $100-$150.

1582. Lima, Peru, 1 sol, 1864YB, Arabic date (no overdate), D in dentils, rare.

KM-196.2. 24.93 grams.

around details. Estimate: $350-up.

1577. Lima, Peru, 4 reales, 1855MB.

Nice VF+ with toning

KM-151.3. 11.88 grams.

Choice strike, lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines on obverse only. Estimate: $150-$225.

1583. Lima, Peru, 1 sol, 1869YB, Arabic 1 in date. KM-196.3.

24.95 grams. Highly lustrous UNC with surface hairlines on Liberty side, minor rim-flaw on other side. Estimate: $90-$135.

1578. Lima, Peru, 1 real, 1850MB, normal PERUANA. KM-

unl. (cf. 145.4). 3.25 grams. UNC with muted luster, somewhat crude leg-

ends but not the PBRUANA error listed in KM. Estimate: $100-$150.

1584. Lima, Peru, 1 sol, 1880YJ, no letters on ribbon, three berries. KM-196.29. 25.03 grams. Lustrous UNC with minor bagmarks and light surface hairlines. Estimate: $100-$150.

1579. Arequipa, Peru, 1/4 real, 1839, encapsulated NGC MS

62, rare. KM-143.2. Exceptional grade (one of only five coins at MS in NGC census), with muted luster and faint rainbow toning, parts of rims crude (as made), one-year type with value of $8000 for UNC in KM. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1580. Large lot of 17 Lima, Peru, 1/4R, various dates: 1828, 1830, 1831, 1833, 1836, 1837, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1845 (2), 1847, 1850 (2), 1855 and 1856. 13.06 grams total. VF-XF on average, some toned, no problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

1581. Lot of 16 Lima, Peru, 1/4R, various dates: 1826, 1828, 1830/28, 1833, 1835, 1845 (2), 1850, 1855 (5, including one contemporary counterfeit), 1856/45 (2) and 1856 (contemporary counterfeit). KM-143.1. 10.94 grams total. A small but intact

collection with handwritten attributions on accompanying tags, Fine to XF, some corroded but none holed, most toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

1585. Ayacucho, Peru, 1/2 real, 1882LM, rare one-year is-

sue. KM-202. 1.24 grams. Mint State with no wear or marks but also no luster. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

278


Philippines (under Spain) 1586. Philippines (under Spain), 8 reales, Isabel II, crowned

“Y.II.” countermark (1834-37) on a Santiago, Chile, “volcano” peso, 1834IJ. KM-108. 24.26 grams. Partially weak countermark (the Y.II

bold), the host XF with light toning and traces of luster, some weak strike in legends, scarce combination. Estimate: $400-$600.

Portugal

1587. Lisbon, Portugal, vintem, João V, undated (173447), encapsulated NGC VF 35. Gomes-39.02; KM-235. Beautifully toned and boldly struck, with mostly very prominent rims. Estimate: $100-$150.

1588. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, Maria II, 1844, encapsu-

lated NGC AU 58. KM-472; Dav-265. Attractively toned, the obverse

with lots of pink and blue color, much underlying luster, no wear but some marks on bust and with too many light hairlines to make MS, still notably the same grade as Lissner’s specimen yet much prettier for its toning. Scarce low-mintage issue. Estimate: $400-$600.

1589. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, Emanuel II, 1910, Peninsular War Centennial, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-558. Bold strike with very light toning over strong luster, bagmarks on both sides. Estimate: $200-$300.

1590. Portugal, copper-nickel 1 escudo, 1928, encapsulated

NGC MS 64. KM-578. Choice specimen with no obvious wear or bagmarks, muted luster, second highest grade in NGC census. Estimate: $125-$200.

Puerto Rico (under Spain) 1591. Puerto Rico (under Spain), 1 peso, Alfonso XIII,

1895PG-V. KM-24. 25.19 grams. AU- with luster around details, old scratches on bust, no toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

279


Russia (USSR) 1592. Russia (USSR), 1 rouble, 1924. KM-90.1. 19.95 grams. Lustrous

Mint State with minor bagmarks. Estimate: $150-$225.

Spain

1593. Burgos, Spain (Kingdom of Castile), real de 3 maravedís, Henry II (1369-1379), three flowers and B in tressuredimples. Cay-1306. 3.29 grams. Richly toned VF with full details. Estimate: $125-$200.

1596. Segovia, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip IV, 1630P. CT-

563; KM-76. 27.90 grams. Bold AU with muted luster, no toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1597. Lot of 7 Spanish milled “pistareen” minors of Philip

V and Ferdinand VI: six 2R and one 1R (various mints and dates, 1718 to 1757). 31.34 grams total. VG to VF (AVF on average),

1594. Pamplona, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand II (King of Na-

varre, 1512-1516), crowns in upper-left and lower-right quadrants and upright F’s in other quadrants. CT-112; Cay-2303

some uneven wear but no major damage, generally nicely toned, popular issues with colonial collectors. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

(under Navarra). 2.87 grams. XF or so, with full legends and inner details,

very light surface porosity, high catalog value for this variety in CT but lower in Cayón (which lists this under Ferdinand V of Spain, even though he reverted to Ferdinand II of Aragon upon Isabel’s death in 1504). Estimate: $80-$120.

1595. Lot of 2 Spain (mints of Cuenca and Segovia) copper

2 cuartos, Philip II. 5.96 grams total. Crusty Fine at best, just enough details to determine the mints and period. Estimate: $50-$75.

1598. Barcelona, Spain, José Napoleon, 5 pesetas, 1809, encapsulated NGC AU 53. CT-14; KM-69. Vivid rainbow toning on

obverse only (pinkish red in center radiating through deep green-blue, finishing with gold at rims), very light wear on high points. Estimate: $600-$900.

280


1599. Madrid, Spain, 100 pesetas, Franco, 1966, “19-69” in stars (straight 9), encapsulated NGC MS 65, second finest known in NGC census, rare. CT-15; KM-797. Brilliant with luster and totally devoid of wear

or marks save for very light bagmarks on bust, bettered by a single MS 66 at NGC, key variety (straight 9) with high values in KM ($600 in BU) and CT (500 Euros in XF). Estimate: $350-$500.

Spanish Colonial 1600. Lot of 3 Spanish colonial milled 8 reales (pillar and busts): Mexico, Ferdinand VI, 1751MF; Mexico, Charles IV,

1798FM; and Potosí, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. 80.00 grams total. The 1751 is bent (VF), the 1798 is worn and chopmarked (VG), and the 1817 is plugged and repaired at top (VF), but all are richly toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $175-$250.

1601. Large lot of 18 mixed Spanish colonial minors (pillars and busts), as follows: Pillars: 2R Potosí 1768JR; 1R Potosí

1770JR; and 1/2R Lima 1761JM; Busts: 4R Lima 1813JP; 2R Lima 1818JP; 2R Potosí 1773JR, 1774JR, 1791PR, 1795PP, 1816PJ, 1819PJ, 1820PJ, 1821PJ, 1825J and 1825JL; 1R Potosí 1776PR, 1781PR, and 1808PJ. 107.22 grams total. F-VF on average, some scratched or holed but overall a decent group, mostly toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

1602. Mixed lot of 4 Spanish and Spanish colonial minors (pillars and busts): 4R Madrid 1792MF; 2R Potosí 1770JR;

2R Cuzco 1824T; and 1/2R Potosí 1769JR. 27.46 grams. Fine on average, all but the 4R holed, the Cuzco with light surface porosity, minimal toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

1603. Lot of 9 Spanish colonial bust 2R (Potosí 1793) and 1R (Mexico 1781 and 1787 [2], Potosí 1783, 1785, 1788,

1807 and 1816). 31.91 grams total. VG-F on average, no holes, the 1785 toned and encrusted. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate:

$90-$135.

Sweden

1604. Sweden, 1 ore, 1722GZ, Fredrik I, encapsulated NGC MS 67,

finest known in NGC census (for date and type). KM-382. Bold strike, highly lustrous and devoid of wear or marks, totally superb for the type, for which this is the single highest-graded specimen at NGC (and the only one for this date). Estimate: $250-$375.

Swiss Cantons

1605. Bern, Switzerland, 5 batzen, 1810, encapsulated PCGS 1606. Bern, Switzerland, 5 batzen, 1818, encapsulated PCGS

MS64 (old green tag). KM-170. Almost prooflike with luster, very light incipient toning (rainbow colors), minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

MS66 (old green tag). KM-170. Almost prooflike with luster, very light incipient toning (rainbow colors), minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

1607. Bern, Switzerland, 2-1/2 batzen, 1826, encapsulated

PCGS MS65 (old green tag). KM-195.1. Almost prooflike with luster, very light incipient toning (rainbow colors), minimal bagmarks, minor die-flaws and adjustment marks. Estimate: $125-$200.

281


Switzerland

Tobago

1608. Switzerland, 5 francs, 1923B, encapsulated NGC MS

1613. Tobago (British administration) 1-1/2 pence (“black dogg”), TB/o countermark (1798) on a French Guiana billon 2 sous (1780-90). KM-6. 1.36 grams. Host VG at best, with gray-

62. Dav-393; KM-37. Lightly golden toned with muted luster, light strike, minor bagmarks on both sides. Estimate: $125-$200.

green crust on most of it, the countermark deep and bold. Estimate: $60-$90.

Turkey

1609. Switzerland, 5 francs, 1925-B, encapsulated PCGS

MS65 (old green tag). KM-38. Brightly lustrous and devoid of wear, minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $400-$600.

1614. Turkey, billon 1 piastre, AH1187 / year 1 (1774), Abdul Hamid I, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census. KM-396. Bold strike with nice luster, minor bagmarks

on obverse only. Estimate: $250-$375.

1610. Switzerland, 5 francs, 1934-B, Shooting Festival commemorative (Fribourg), encapsulated PCGS MS66 (old green tag). KM-XS18. Prooflike with luster, no wear or marks, very

Uruguay

light golden toning on obverse only. Estimate: $250-$375.

1611. Lot of 4 Switzerland minors in old holders: 2 francs, 1944-B, NGC MS 66; 1 franc, 1947-B, NGC MS 67; 1/2 franc, 1934-B, NGC MS 67; and 1/2 franc, 1953-B, PCGS MS 68. Exceptionally choice and lustrous specimens (albeit common), the 1944 tied with nine others for finest known at NGC, the 1953 also possibly finest known.SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1615. Uruguay, 20 centésimos, 1877-A, encapsulated NGC

MS 66, tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-15. Choice strike with excellent toning and very light toning, no wear or marks at all, tied with two others for top honors at NGC. Estimate: $200-$300.

1612. Switzerland, copper-

nickel 10 rappen, 1922-B, encapsulated PCGS MS68 (old green tag). KM-27. No wear or

1616. Uruguay, 10 centésimos, 1877-A, anchor pointing left, encapsulated NGC MS 65. KM-14.

marks at all, possibly finest known. Estimate: $100-$150.

Somewhat frosty with light toning on reverse only, no wear or marks. Estimate: $100-$150.

282


Venezuela (Caracas Royalist)

1617. Caracas, Venezuela, “imitation cob” 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, “184” date (ca. 1814), lions at top left and bottom

right, encapsulated NGC MS 63, with WINGS gold sticker, ex-Leo Mooy. KM-C13.1. Beautifully rainbow toned with underlying luster, this specimen is on par with another MS 63 that realized $8,050 in January 2012, the present specimen with clearer M-2-L at top, also with particularly sharp PLV-SVL-TR above L-184-M, full cross-side details as well, even with some quatrefoils in the seldom-seen periphery. Overall an outstanding example and among the choicest specimens of the type, tied for second finest and bettered only by a single MS 64 at NGC. Prior to Mooy the pedigree is not certain but may be linked to the Pena collection from the late 19th century. Acquired from Leo Mooy of Caracas. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

1618. Caracas, Venezuela, 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819BS, lions at top left and bottom right, F-7 flanking cross. KM-C6.1. 4.75 grams. Fine with darkly contrasting toning, old scratches on cross side and plugged hole at top, scarce and popular “Morilleros” issue. Estimate: $100-$150.

1619. Caracas, Venezuela, 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, “1818” date (struck in 1830, the date rendered with 1R-sized digits),

two rosettes instead of F-7, lions at top left and bottom right, struck over a Madrid, Spain, “de vellon” 4 reales, 1823SR, very rare, encapsulated NGC MS 61, ex-Leo Mooy. KM-C36; KM-562.2 (host). 5.42 grams Attractively toned and clearly devoid of wear,

also with lots of the host coin showing, including GRACIA DE DIOS Y LA CONST plus the faint 1823 date in addition to almost the whole crown and Madrid mintmark and assayer letters, an interesting combination in that the “de vellon” 4R host was below the prescribed colonial 2R weight standard of 6.8 grams. The Venezuela re-issue of 1830, identified by quatrefoils instead of F-7 flanking the cross, was not dated as such but instead allowed the date of 1818 flanked by B and S to remain prominent with CARACAS below. This choice piece, likely emanating from the same famed Pena collection as the Colombia 1819 revolutionary piece in this auction (lot #1299), is clearly among the finest known, far superior to pieces offered in the last two or three years. Acquired from Leo Mooy of Caracas. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

283


1620. Caracas, Venezuela, copper 1/4 real, Ferdinand VII,

1816. KM-C2. 3.56 grams. Nice color and surfaces, VF or better, a few weak areas near rims. Acquired from Leo Mooy of Caracas. Estimate: $400-$600.

Venezuela (Guayana)

1621. Guayana, Venezuela, copper 1/2 real, 1814. KM-C41.2. 2.59 grams. Large-flan XF, naturally toned and unmarked, similar to

the Dana Roberts example in having a full legend PROVINCIA DE GVAIANA and denomination 1/2 to left of castle, but better in that the long-tail lion side (off-center) shows a clear F VII plus full date (whereas the date on the Roberts’ piece was half missing). Acquired from Leo Mooy of Caracas. Estimate: $400-$600.

Venezuela (Republic)

1622. Lot of 2 Venezuelan copper 1 centavos, 1852 and 1862. 18.36 grams total. Both XF, the earlier coin double in size due to coinage reform, that

one also with some original color and luster around details on reverse (but also with a spot of verdigris) Estimate: $300-$450.

Medals and Tokens Medals

Argentina

1623. Buenos Aires, Argentina, silver proclamation medal,

Ferdinand VII, 1808.

Fonrobert-10062; Medina-281. 34.78 grams, 43.5mm. Obverse with bust of king (reminiscent of Chile’s “imaginary

bust” but facing left); reverse with warrior kneeling by personified city sitting on lion. Fine+ with slightly crude rims (as made), uneven toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

284


Bolivia (colonial)

1624. Lot of 2 Bolivian 8R-sized proclamation medals: Chuquisaca (La Plata), 1789, Charles IV; and Potosí, 1808, Fer-

dinand VII. Medina-179 and 346. 23.81 and 26.65 grams, 40mm each. Both damaged Fine with plugged holes but with contrasting toning around

details. Estimate: $100-$150.

1625. Potosí, Bolivia, large bronze medal, Ferdinand VII, 1811, Goyeneche, encapsulated NGC AU 58 BN. Fonrobert-9395. 42mm. Obverse with bust of Ferdinand VII inside legend D. D. JOSE-

PHUS EMANUEL A GOYENECHE AREQUIPENSIS ORIGINE; reverse with long inscription inside legend MUNICIPIUM POTOSÍ IN GRATULATIONEM ASSERTORIS LIBERTATIS PATRIAE A 1811. Darkly toned and almost devoid of wear, just a few minor marks in the ample open fields on obverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

Bolivia (Republic) 1626. Potosí, Bolivia, oval silver medal, post-1825, Constitution, rare, ex-

Derman collection. Fonrobert-unl. (cf. 9453). 18.94 grams, 36x29mm. Obverse with open book below VELAR POR LA and CONSTITUCION BOLIVIANA on pages above laurel wreath; reverse with collage of national symbols and legend DIOS PROTEJE LA CAUSA D[E] LOS PUEBLOS and stars; lustrous and attractive AU with incomplete rims (as made). Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

1627. Potosí, Bolivia, large copper medal, 1825, Bolívar, rare metal for issue. Fonrobert-9466 (unl. in copper). 29.53 grams; 42.5mm. Obverse with bust of Bolívar inside legend SIMON BOLÍVAR LIBERTADOR DE COLOMBIA Y DEL PERU; reverse with suntopped mountain of Potosí inside legend POTOSÍ MANIFESTA SU GRATITUD AL GENIO DE LA LIBERTAD with date 1825 at bottom. Light brown AU- with muted luster, toning around details, flan-crack to bottom-left of bust. Estimate: $500-$750.

1628. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, proclamation medals of 1825: Bolívar (large, copper) and Llama (small, silver). Fonrobert-9465

(but in copper) and 9467. 26.31 grams and 42mm; 6.64 grams and 26mm. Two very different medals with similar legends and purpose (showing gratitude toward Bolívar and the liberation of Colombia and Peru), both with Potosí mountain on one side, one with bust of Bolívar on the other side and the other piece with llama on that side. The larger piece is listed in Fonrobert as silver, but this example is copper. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

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1629. Potosí, Bolivia, silver 2R-sized proclamation medal, 1825, liberation of Colombia and Peru, encapsulated NGC MS 61. Fonrobert-9468. 27mm. Obverse with Potosí

mountain and legend GRATITUD DE LOS EMPLEADOS DE POTOSÍ and date at bottom; reverse with llama inside wreath and legend ALOS LIBERTADORES DE COLOMBIA Y PERU. Choice specimen with lovely toning and underlying luster, traces of minute wear on high points. Estimate: $500-$750.

1630. Potosí, Bolivia, oval silver medal, no date (ca. 1848-1855), Constitution. 26.64 grams, 42x35mm. Obverse with open book in wreath with legend

LIBRE POR LA CONSTITUCION, CONSTITUCION BOLIVIANA on book; reverse with Hercules with club inside legend EN PREMIO DE SUS SERVICIOS AL PRESIDENTE CONSTITUCIONAL DE BOLIVIA. Lustrous AU- with toning around details. Estimate: $300-$450.

1631. Potosí, Bolivia, 2 soles-sized silver medal issued for the 1855 Congress / resignation of Belzu, ex-Derman. Fonrobert-9604. 6.94 grams, 25mm. Obverse

with President Belzu being presented a medal before an audience inside legend EL CONGRESO ESTRAORDINARIO NO ADMITE; reverse with hovering angel sprinkling flowers onto a crowd of people inside legend LA RENUNCIA DEL PRESIDENTE DE LA REPUBLICA 1855. Mint State with light rainbow toning and underlying luster. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Chile

1632. Potosí, Bolivia, uniface trial silver medal, 1863, President de Acha. 3.49 grams,

25mm. Bust of de Acha facing left inside legend

AL PRESIDENTE GL. DE LA REPUBLICA 1863. XF with only the barest traces of luster. Note the regular, two-sided issue is 5 grams. Estimate: $200-$300.

Cuba

1633. Santiago, Chile, 8R-sized silver proclamation medal,

Charles IV, 1789. Fonrobert-9805. 26.51 grams. 43mm. Obverse with bust of king inside legend CAROLUS IV. HISPANIARUM. ET. IND. IMPERAT. AUGUST, with NAZAUAL F. in truncation of bust and date 1789 in exergue; reverse with natives in field inside legend HIGINIUS PREAFECT. CHIL. PROCLAMIVIT IMPERIUM. ET OBTULIT HOMAG. POPUL. AUST., with OMNIBUS CLEMENS / NAZAUAL INCIDIT in exergue. Attractively toned VF+. Estimate: $200-$300.

1634. Havana, Cuba, gold-washed silver medalet, 1879,

Circle of Lawyers in Havana, rare, ex-Roehrs. 26.29 grams, 55x42mm. Thick, hollow piece with law book and balance scale on one side, the other with CIRCULO DE ABOGADOS above DE LA / HABANA / FUNDADO / EN / 1879. XF or better, with most of the gold wash intact, with tiny loop at top incorporated into design. Pedigreed to the Edward Roehrs collection, purchased from Isaac Rudman, March 2002 (with tag). Estimate: $300-$450.

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1635. Cuba, gilt brass medal, 1887, Puerto Principe Exposition, ex-Roehrs. 23.88mm, 46mm. Obverse with crowned arms of city

inside legend EXPOSICION DE PUERTO PRINCIPE, reverse with cluster of tools inside legend LA COMISION GESTORA / CASINO CAMPESTRE. Bold strike, lustrous AU with most of gilding intact, tiny loop at top. Pedigreed to the Edward Roehrs collection, purchased from Isaac Rudman, March 2002 (with tag). Estimate: $250-$375.

Ecuador

German States

1636. Guayaquil, Ecuador, large gilt-silver uniface religious

1638. Kleve (Cleves), Germany, silver shooting medal with gold accent, 1875, rare. 27.30 grams, 46mm. Hollow piece with

medallion, Seminario de Guayaquil (Jesuit seminary), late 1800s. 20.38 grams, 55x45mm. JHS below cross patonce inside legend

SEMINARIO DE GUAYAQUIL, toned AXF with a few minor dents, possibly rare. Estimate: $250-$375.

applied elements in gold accent showing arms topped with crown and goose on one side and wreath on other side, with “Dem / Schützen / Könige / zu Cleve / 1875 engraved inside wreath, nicely toned silver, with tiny loop and jump-ring at top. Estimate: $400-$600.

El Salvador

Great Britain

1637. El Salvador, silver 1R-sized proclamation medal,

Ferdinand VII, 1808, encapsulated ANACS AU 50. Medina-378;

Herrera-76; Prober-180. 21mm. Attractively lightly toned with underlying

luster, a very elusive and popular circulating proclamation medal struck in San Salvador when it was part of Guatemala, seldom seen in this high quality. Pedigreed to the Dana Roberts collection via Roberto Ulloa of El Salvador. Estimate: $400-$600.

1639. Great Britain, silver medal, William and Mary, 1689,

coronation. MI-(i)633/26. 9.11 grams, 37mm. Bold and attractively toned XF with hint of luster, old scratches, neat design (by Bower) with Perseus saving Andromeda from the sea-monster on reverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

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1640. Great Britain, silver medal, George I, 1714, coro-

nation. MI-(ii)424/9. 15.72 grams, 34mm. Choice AU with attractive rainbow toning and brilliant underlying luster, minor hairlines and marks, elegant design by Croker showing Britannia crowning the king on reverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

Guatemala

1641. Guatemala (under Mexico), 1R-sized silver proclama-

tion medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808, rare variety without GUAT in legend. Grove-F59; Herrera-15. 3.26 grams, 19mm. Obverse with bust

of king above date between stars inside legend FERNANDO • VII • REY • DE • ESP • E • IN •; reverse with crowned local arms (knight on horse above three mountains inside border with scallop shells) between •1 and R• (1 real) inside legend * INTER * SUSPIRIA * FIDES *. XF with attractive toning and traces of luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

1642. Guatemala (under Mexico), 1R-sized silver proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808, with GUAT in legend. Grove-F60; Herrera-16. 3.24 grams, 20mm. Obverse with bust of king above

date between dots inside legend • FERDIN • HISP • GUAT • II • IN •; reverse with crowned local arms (knight on horse above three mountains inside border with scallop shells) between •1 and R• (1 real) inside legend * INTER * SUSPIRIA * FIDES *. Non-toned VF, a few minor marks only. Estimate: $125-$200.

1643. Guatemala, silver 2R-sized medal, 1812, Spanish Constitution, encapsulated NGC VF 30. Fonrobert-7195; Prober-210. 6.95 grams, 26mm. Obverse showing the Constitution

(book) inside legend * POR LA CONSTITUCION POLITICA DE LAS ESPANAS •; reverse with city arms inside legend * LA CIUD • DE GUATEM • 24 • DE SEPT • DE 1812 •. Issued to celebrate the political constitution of Spain, published in Cádiz in 1812, with choice toning and more like VF 35 or even XF 40 to our eyes, minor natural flaw to right of book. Estimate: $125-$200.

Mexico

1644. Mexico City, Mexico, large bronze medal, Charles IV, 1790, Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa, University of Mexico City. Grove-C36c. 50.96 grams, 50mm. Obverse with busts of king and queen above G*A*GIL* inside legend * REGI * MAX * CAROLO * IIII * OPT * QUE * REGINAE * ALOISIAE *; reverse with seated Minerva holding lance and shield inside legend IN * SOLEM * INAUG * MEX * ACAD * EXC * CUR * AN • 1790 •, with GIL in exergue. An academic award in nice condition, with AU details, light marks in obverse fields, spots of original luster and red color. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1645. Mexico City, Mexico, large silver medal, 1793, Queen Maria Luisa / Royal Order of Noble Ladies. Grove-C265. 81.65 grams, 57mm. Obverse with bust of queen above * G * A * GIL * A * 1793 inside legend (with fleur-de-lis separators) MARIA LUISA REINA

AUGUSTA; reverse with scene of noble ladies doting on the queen inside legend DISTINGUE * PREMIA * LA * VIRTUD * Y * NOBLEZA * DE * SU * SEXO, with exergue RL * ORDEN * ESPAÑOLA * DE * DAMAS * NOBLES * DE * LA / REINA * MARIA * LUISA * FUNDADA * PR * S * M * A / CONSEQUENCIA * DE * RL* DECRETO * DE / * 21 * DE * ABRIL * DE * 1792 *; raised edge lettering DONA GUADALUPE + DE + MONCADA. Y + BERRIO + LA + HIZO + ACUNAR + EN + MEXICO + ANO 1793. AU details with large scratch in front of face, lustrous and starting to tone nicely. Estimate: $350-$500.

Peru (colonial) 1646. Lima, Peru, silver proclamation medal, Charles III, 1760.

Fonrobert-8920; Medina-79. 16.56 grams, 37mm. Obverse with bust of king inside legend (with flower-like separators) CAROLUS III HISPAN ET IND REX LM 1760; reverse with crowned two-headed eagle between pillarsand-waves inside legend (same separators) OPTIMO PRINC PUBL FIDELIT JURAM. Gilt Fine with hole at top. Estimate: $100-$150.

1647. Puno, Peru, 8R-sized silver proclamation medal, Ferdi- 1648. Puno, Peru, 1R-sized silver proclamation medal, Fernand VII, 1808, rare. Fonrobert-unl. (cf. 9251 but 2R size and different edge).

dinand VII, 1808, rare. Fonrobert-unl. (cf. 9251 but 1R size). 6.61 grams,

legend FERDINANDO • VII • D • G OPTATO • PRINC • JURAT •, with flower at top and bottom; reverse with PUNO / HISPANIARVM / REGI / SEMPER FIDELIS / 1808 • inside wreath; laurel edge with words POTOSÍ and MONCAYO (engraver). AU- with beautiful toning around details, minor rim-nick at top. Estimate: $500-$750.

DINANDO • VII • D • G OPTATO • PRINC • JURAT •, with flower at top and bottom; reverse with PUNO / HISPANIARVM / REGI / SEMPER FIDELIS / 1808 inside wreath; normal edge (rectangles and circles). XF with crudely plugged hole at top. Estimate: $100-$150.

27.07 grams, 40mm. Obverse with crowned-arms-flags-cannons inside

26mm. Obverse with crowned-arms-flags-cannons inside legend FER-

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Peru (Republic)

1649. Lima, Peru, gold 8E-sized proclamation medal, 1834, Constitution, very rare. Ex-Eliasberg. Fonrobert-9044 (but in gold). 24.95 grams, 35mm. Obverse with Constitution (book) on rays inside legend * REFORMADA POR LA CONVENCION NACIONAL DEL

PERU; reverse with national arms inside legend JURADA SOLEMNEMENTE EN LIMA EL 19 • DE JUNIO with date • 1834 • at bottom. Lightly polished XF, excellent pedigree, only specimen we could find record of in this metal. Pedigreed to the Eliasberg collection (ANR auction of April 2005, lot #3546). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

1650. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, silver Constitution proclamation medals, 1826-1834. Fonrobert-9018, 9027, 9044 and 9220. 56.10 grams total. Three medium-sized medals (34-36mm each) and one small (27mm), all with open-book Constitution on obverse and arms or inscription

on reverse, #9018 lightly gilt VF with dig below arms, #9044 XF and the other two AU with nice toning. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

1651. Callao, Peru, copper medal, 1834, General and President Orbegoso. Fonrobert-9191 (but in copper). 18.15 grams, 34 mm. Obverse with flag-topped

fortress under legend EL PERU A ORBEGOSO; reverse with POR EL 3 / DE ENERO / DE 1834 inside wreath. VF with dark toning, much cruder than the normal silver issue. Estimate: $70-$100.

1652. Cuzco, Peru, 8 pesos-sized gold medal, 1839, victory by General and President Agustín Gamarra over the Peru-Bolivian Confederation at the battle of Yungay in Ancach province, extremely rare metal. Fonrobert-9168. 14.89 grams,

32mm. Obverse with trumpeting cherub on hill above battle scene inside legend LA LEY RESTAURADA POR EL VALOR DEL EJERCITO UNIDO EN ANCACH; reverse with LOS / EMPLEADOS / DE LA MONEDA / AL RESTAURADOR / DE SU PATRIA / GRAN MARISCAL / GAMARRA / CUZCO 1839 / * within chain and wreath. XF with slightly weak centers, tiny hole at top, one of only four specimens known in gold. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

290


1653. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, large Constitution proclamation medals, 1839, one in silver and one in copper. Fonrobert-9062 (silver

only). 82.96 grams total, both 45mm. The silver one is XF with toning around details; the copper one is VF with various minor nicks and dings. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1654. Peru, silver medal, 1840, National Pavilion.

Fonrobert-9065. 10.65 grams, 28mm. Obverse: National Pavilion (arms); reverse:

LA / MONEDA / EN HONOR / AL PABELLON / NACL. AGO. 27. / DE 1840. above flower. Lustrous AU+ with some toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1657. Lima, Peru, 4 soles-sized silver proclamation medal,

1856, Constitution / National Convention, ex-Derman. Fonrobert-9111. 14.25 grams, 33mm. Obverse with open-book Constitution

inside wreath and legend SANCIONADA POR LA CONVENCION NACIONAL DEL PERU; reverse with arms inside legend PROMULGADA SOLEMNEMTE EN 19 DE OCTUBRE DE 1856. Lustrous UNC with very light rainbow toning. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1658. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, silver proclamation medals, Independence / San Martín, dated 1821, 1863 and 1864/3.

Fonrobert-8998 and 9135 (for type). 23.10 grams total. The larger piece (29mm)

from 1821 is AU with luster; the two smaller pieces are encrusted VF and lustrous XF+ (note Fonrobert lists only the clean-date 1864 for this type). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

1655. Callao, Peru, uniface silver medal in the form of a 12-point star with loop at top, 1849, Masonic. 25.20 grams, 41mm. Sunface in center surrounded by rays and legend on intersecting triangles (whose points alternate with more rays in points) reading CONCORDIA / FUNDADA / UNIVERSAL / EN 20 DE SETBRE / DE 1849. / CALLAO No 2. Attractively toned AU-. Estimate: $60-$90.

1659. Lima, Peru, large silver medal, 1870, Transandine

Railroad (Arequipa to Puno). 72.15 grams, 51mm. Obverse shows

1656. Lima, Peru, gold 4E-sized proclamation medal, 1856, Constitution / National Convention, very rare. Fonrobert-9110 (but smaller). 14.43 grams, 28mm. Obverse with open-book Constitution inside wreath and legend SANCIONADA POR LA CONVENCION NACIONAL DEL PERU; reverse with arms inside legend PROMULGADA SOLEMNEMENTE EN 19 DE OCTUBRE DE 1856. Choice XF+ with nice luster, small scrape to left of date. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

a steam locomotive proceeding through the mountains and reverse shows a long inscription (listing the chief engineer, plus President Balta and various government ministers), commemorating the opening of the Transandine Railroad on January 29, 1870. XF+ with luster, no toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325


1660. Callao, Peru, large silver medal, 1870, Callao harbor dam. 70.89 grams, 51mm. Obverse shows a birds’-

eye view of the Callao harbor dam and reverse shows a long inscription (listing the chief engineer and President Balta), commemorating the inauguration of the dam on June 6, 1870. AU with light hairlines, attractive rainbow toning at rims. Estimate: $150-$225.

1661. Peru, large bronze medal, 1870, Central Transandine Railroad (Callao to Oroya). 67.58 grams, 51mm. Obverse shows a steam locomotive proceed-

ing through a town with mountains in background and reverse shows a long inscription (listing the chief engineer, plus President Balta and various government ministers), commemorating the opening of the Central Transandine Railroad on January 10, 1870. AU, light-even brown in color. Estimate: $150-$225.

1662. Peru, uniface silver medal (trial strike), ca. 1880,

ironclad Huascar (War of the Pacific). 27.35 grams, 40mm. Side

view of the ship with HUASCAR in plaque below, attractive UNC with luster, light toning at rim. Estimate: $60-$90.

1663. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, large medals, 1890, San Martín, one in gilt silver, one in silver and one in copper. 48.14, 40.67

and 40.72 grams, each 45mm. Generally XF-AU with no damage, just a few black streaks on the silver one, a nicely matched set with bust of San Martín on obverse and long inscription on reverse. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $300-$450.

1664. Peru, gold medal, 1925, Tacna-Arica dispute, plain edge, encapsulated NGC Almost Uncirculated (old holder), ex-Eliasberg (stated inside slab). 4.03 grams, 18mm. Obverse with

Morro of Arica below RECUPERAD EL MORRO, A. B. LEGUIA [engraver], with 20 JULIO 1925 at bottom; reverse with JUNTA PATRIOTICA NACIONAL. Lustrous orange gold with minor marks but practically no wear. Issued by the National League of Patriots in the hope of a more favorable settlement of the Arica border dispute with Chile, a dispute that was settled in 1929. Desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Eliasberg Collection (ANR, April 2005, lot 3598) and the Col. James W. Flanagan Collection (Stack’s, March 1944, lot 583). Estimate: $750-$1,100.

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Puerto Rico (under Spain) 1665. Puerto Rico (under Spain), copper military medal, Isabel II (1833-68), reeded edge, possibly a trial piece with no hole in center, rare, ex-Roehrs. 14.72 grams, 35mm. Obverse

with RL. SERVICIO DE PLAZA • and crown around central ring, all inside a laurel rim; reverse with * 1R CUARTO DE 2 A 4 YZQUIERDA, also around a central ring and inside a laurel rim. The central ring was where a large hole should have been punched out. Nice XF, darkly toned all over. Pedigreed to the Edward Roehrs collection, with his tag and photo negatives. Estimate: $500-$750.

Russia 1666. Russia, oval bronze late-1700s novodel medal, Peter I (“the Great”), 1711, Prut campaign, encapsulated PCGS SP63. 41x36mm. Bust on obverse, arms on reverse, designed by T.

Ivanov and issued for the Montenegrins, who fought for the Russians against the Turks in Moldova (Prut Campaign), nice luster and even color. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Vatican (Italian States)

1667. Set of 13 bronze medals for Pope Pius IX, dated 1847-1864, in original case. 10-1/4” x 8” x 3/4”.Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

This is a collection of 12 bronze annual medals of 1847 to 1864 surrounding a large bronze medal of 1854 issued for the reconstruction of St. Paul’s-Outside-the-Walls, all housed in a contemporary 19th-century case. All the annual medals, measuring 44mm each, bear the portrait of Pius IX on the obverse and were intended to be officially distributed on the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul (June 29). All the medals are in pristine Mint State condition, all brown but the large central medal with traces of original red color and luster. Individual descriptions of each medal are as follows: 1854, 82mm. Maz-731, Bart-6. By Nicola Cerbara (obverse) and Giuseppe Bianchi (reverse). Reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Paul’s-Outside-the-Walls, Rome. Reverse: Interior view of the Basilica. This is a truly exceptional example of the triumph of the engravers’ art. The interior of this cavernous building is depicted in such a realistic manner that the viewer feels as though he could step into it personally, or reach into its depths to touch the ornate canopy over the altar in the distance. One of the most sought after modern Papal medals.

294


Year II, 1847. Maz-669, Linc-2251, Bart-847. By Giuseppe Girometti. Relocation of the statues of Saints Peter and Paul. Reverse: Statues of Peter & Paul. Year V, 1850. Maz-681, Linc-2266, Bart-850. By Giuseppe Girometti. Overthrow of Roman Republic. Reverse: Daniel standing over dragon. Year VIII, 1853. Maz-697, Bart-853. By Giuseppe Cerbara. Arrangement of the Lateran Museum. Reverse: Interior scene of Museo Profano area of the Lateran Museum. Year IX, 1854. Maz-698, Bart-854. By Pietro Girometti. Institution of kindergartens in Rome. Reverse: Jesus seated surrounded by three children. Year X, 1855. Maz-703, Bart-855. By Pietro Girometti. Pope’s visit to cholera victims at the Hospital of the Holy Spirit the previous year. Reverse: Pope with other clerics visiting patient in his sickbed. Year XI, 1856. Maz-704, Linc-2280, Bart-856. By Ignazio Bianchi. Proclamation in 1854 of Dogma of the Immaculate Conception. Reverse: Pope enthroned in St. Peter’s Basilica, proclaiming the dogma, Mary in vision above. Year XII, 1857. Maz-713, Bart-857. By Pietro Girometti. Inauguration of the first Papal Railroad. Reverse: Locomotive upon which sits an angel holding a caduceus. Year XIV, 1859. Maz-722, Linc-2286, Bart-859. By Pietro Girometti. Construction of the Porta di St. Pancrazio, to replace a gate destroyed by the war against the Roman Republic in 1849. Reverse: View of the Gate. Year XVI, 1861. Maz-729, Bart-861. By Carl Voigt. Struggle against the enemies of the Papal State. Reverse: Daniel between two lions. Year XVII, 1862. Maz-733, Linc-2292, Bart-862. By Carl Voigt. Contributions to the Papacy. Reverse: St. Peter receiving offerings. Year XVIII, 1863. Maz-737, Bart-863. By Ignazio Bianchi. Construction of a new tobacco product factory. Reverse: View of the new building. Year XIX, 1864. Maz-738, Bart-864. By Ignazio Bianchi. Improvements to the Porta Pia, originally by Michelangelo. Reverse: View of the exterior side of the Porta Pia. (Thanks to papal numismatic scholar Allen Berman for cataloging assistance on this lot.)

Tokens

Dominican Republic

1668. Set of 3 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, base-metal token 1, 2 and 5 cents, “CMM” (Carlos Manuel Mejia, Ceron Café‚ Maduro, Monteada de Xavier, Bani), rare, ex-Roehrs collection. Graduated sizes but each with simple stamps for

CMM and denomination, the metal somewhat oxidized and lightly encrusted. Pedigreed to the Ed Roehrs collection and left in his original cardboard holders with handwritten attributions. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

Peru (Chinese colony)

1669. Lot of 6 brass gambling tokens, ca. 1860, from a “China Town” area of Lima, Peru. 61.04 grams total. Generally simple in design, most with denomination on one side and Chinese characters on the other, all well used (F-VF?), one holed. Chinese immigration to Peru started in 1849, and by 1857 more than 100,000 Chinese workers resided in Peru, mostly employed in sugar refineries and the guano industry. The Central Market neighborhood of La Concepción in Lima grew on commercial ties with California and Hong Kong. Gambling was commonplace and yet heavily sanctioned by the conservative authorities, just as it had been during colonial times. A recent author on criminality in Peru during those times (Whipple, 2009) notes that “regarding the gambling, the ‘decent’ people of Lima would find in the growing population of Chinese immigrants during the 2nd half of the 19th century another group to blame for these vices.” A rare and interesting set, obtained from a major Peruvian collection mostly formed in the early part of the 20th century. (Historical background supplied by Carlos Jara.) SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

Peru (Republic)

1670. Large lot of 25 Peruvian tokens in various materials (mostly copper/brass but some aluminum and one plastic),

1800s-1900s. 148.98 grams. A diverse lot, mostly round but two square and one octagonal, all readable but well used (some with minor damage, including one holed), F-VF on average. Includes a big brass button made to look like a Lima bust 8R of 1805 (made in Europe ca. 1840), plus several rare tokens for the famous Hacienda Cayalti, a very rare Isla Chincha token and a very rare nitrate token from Oficina Esperanza (now in Chile) that is in much demand. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

Puerto Rico

1671. Lot of 20 Puerto Rico hacienda tokens in various metals (1900s). 108.96 grams total. Generally nice pieces (several AU with luster, most VF-XF), in various shapes and sizes and colors (one aluminum piece is red), all with clear details enabling an exact attribution by Fumero catalog number, summarized on an accompanying handwritten sheet, highly collectible and in demand. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600. 295


296


Shipwreck Artifacts Mary Rose, sunk in 1543 off Portsmouth, England

1672. Small section of wooden timber inside an acrylic cube signed by archeologist Margaret Rule, very rare provenance. 144

grams, 2” x 2” x 2”. Henry VIII’s flagship Mary Rose, sunk in the Solent north of Isle of Wight, remains one of the most important monuments of nautical archeology, from its discovery in 1971 to its salvage in 1982, its hull and artifacts still on display locally and still being researched and conserved. Until this little promotional piece came to us (a small cube of black wood with certification printed on the surrounding acrylic), we were unaware that any pieces of the ship were sold this way, and we are unable to locate another example for price comparison. Estimate: $100-up.

297


Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

298


1673. Complete gold “wedding” chain, uncleaned with shells attached, 74 links, 291.13 grams total, housed in presentation case, with original 1976 certificate hand-signed by Mel Fisher (and others). The perfect combination of man’s handiwork

combined with the art of the sea, this impressively ornate and heavy chain was wisely left as found, for one link is completely embedded into the encrusted exterior of a clam shell and another link clings to the side of different kind of shell, offering a unique display that only a shipwreck artifact can provide. As for the chain itself, the links and size are identical to lot 174 of the original Christie’s (New York) auction of June 1988, described as A MAGNIFICENT AND HIGHLY IMPORTANT RENAISSANCE GOLD CHAIN (interestingly from the Santa Margarita instead of the Atocha) and pictured next to a 1641 portrait of a noblewoman wearing the same type of chain over her wedding gown, hence the style has become known in our time as the “wedding” chain. The Christie’s example (136 links, so almost twice the length of ours) sold for a whopping $319,000 (in 1988 dollars, remember). Adding to the oceanic allure of our piece (and lacking in the Christie’s specimen, which was thoroughly cleaned) is the fact that the ornate links (alternating between spiral twists and four-bladed flats with serrated edges) harbor light encrustation throughout, dulling the luster of the gold somewhat but creating a unique and irreplaceable reminder of what this piece has been through since 1622. Lastly, the wooden presentation box (which actually shows some age too, as made in the 1980s) provides the perfect finishing touch, with red cloth interior backed by padding that has two depressions for the shells to rest in, hinged in the back and with latch in front, with brass plaque engraved with Nuestra Señora de Atocha on top and felt on bottom. Truly this is one of the most impressive shipwreck artifacts we have ever offered. With original, hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #986 (6000 points) from 1976 (Cape Coral Bank) and Sinclair appraisal from 2004 ($200,000). Estimate: $100,000-up.

299


1674. Silver plate with owner’s mark B and weak tax stamp. 358 grams, 9-1/4” in diameter. Solid and heavy but with small pinholes

and edge loss on rim, the center bright and shiny, with bold B in outside of bowl and the weak tax stamp on the lightly corroded underside of the rim. With original Fisher photo-certificate #85A-A479. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1675. Small, natural emerald, 2.49 carats. Almost 1/2”. Pale and opaque, with some white and black color in addition to the green, also rather nugget-like, but a nice size (not just a fragile chip). With Fisher tag and certificate #1720. Estimate: $300-$450.

1677. Lot of 2 small, natural emeralds, 1.57 and 1.16 carats, both with original plastic tags but only one with original certificate. About 1/2” and 1/4”. Both opaque and light in color (the

larger one lighter), albeit desirable in size and shape (not just fragile chips). With original Fisher tags #2522 (and certificate) and 3604, both also pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1991, with original lottags #598 and 599. Estimate: $400-$600.

1676. Small, natural emerald, 1.14 carats. About 1/4”. Attractive 1678. Pair of small, natural emeralds, 1.43 carats total. About light-green color, quite opaque but a nice size and shape (not just a fragile chip). With Fisher tag and certificate #3903. Estimate: $250-$375.

1/4” each. Both opaque but one much darker than the other, a nice

pair in terms of size and shape (not just fragile chips). With Fisher tag and certificate #3994. Estimate: $200-$300.

300


Unidentified Spanish colonial wreck, 1600s-1700s

1679. Spanish earthenware “olive jar,” 1600-1700s, encrusted

as found. 2114 grams, 10” tall, 7” diameter. Intact except for chips in rim and pointed base, an unusually narrow shape, very light encrustation all over, found by a diver in the 1970s. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

Henrietta Marie, sunk in 1700 off Marquesas Key, southwest of Key West, Florida

1680. Ornate “Royal Portrait” pewter spoon, British, William III, rare and important slave-ship provenance. 42.26 grams, 7” long. A very elegant spoon (pied-de-biche type, trifid handle), with crowned head of William III (oddly doubled) flanked by W-R at end, circular

maker’s mark with S-B and asterisk for Stephen Bridges of London on backside near bowl, the underside of which is ornately designed, even gray color with a few dark spots, perfectly intact. While some 131 spoons were recovered from this wreck, only 72 were of this Royal Portrait design. The Henrietta Marie was heavily touted by the Fisher organization as the first and only slave ship found and salvaged and therefore of utmost archeological importance. With Treasure Salvors certificate #HMS48-31 from 1987, and pedigreed to the Thomas Gray collection and formerly displayed at the ANA Money Museum’s “Treasures of the Deep” exhibit (2014-15), also pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #1796 and our photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

301


Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

1681. Gold and red-coral rosary, complete and intact. 60.09 grams total, 19-1/2” long. A most impressive religious jewel in an excellent

state of preservation, with all the coral and gold beads intact, very similar to the other specimens we have sold (same beach find). The 53 oval, red-coral beads represent five “decades” around the neck and three beads down to the cross, separated by 5 gold beads (known as “paternosters”), the crucifix at bottom measuring 2” and consisting of a flat cross surmounted with separately cast Jesus figure and INRI on plaque at top (lacking the skull and crossbones of Golgotha at bottom, as made), its backside plain, with integrated loop and jump-ring at top. Generally very rare and expensive today, red coral was a popular constituent of rosaries as it was believed to protect against magic spells, going back to Greek mythology that gave red coral’s origin as “the spurts of blood that gushed forth when Medusa’s head was cut off by Perseus.” With Sinclair photo-certificate. Estimate: $15,000-up.

302


1682. Gold brooch in the form of a butterfly with 12 emeralds (light green beryls). 8.23 grams, 2” x 1”. Comprised of thin

ribbons of high-karat (22K?) gold punctuated with light-green stones of varying sizes but all translucent (yet mounted in such a way that their color does not project), this small but impressive jewel at first appears to be an obvious butterfly, but a little medallion at “top” shows the letters NC right-side up if you turn the “butterfly” the other way, making the whole piece look more like a dangling bow, with a loop at top that probably connected it to something even more impressive above it, the backside with two rectangular loops for holding a ribbon, all very ornate and pretty. Found on the beach at the Corrigans site. Estimate: $5,000-up.

1683. Gold ring with bluish quartz stone (hexagonal cut).

8.67 grams, size 7. Very thick and translucent stone (lacking brilliance due to the way it is mounted) with six flat gold sides simply pushed up against the stone and soldered to a simple, thick-wire ring, rather large for Spanish colonial-era fingers so probably meant to be worn over a glove. The stone itself is clear but appears slightly blue due to oxidation of copper impurities in the gold. Found on the beach at the Corrigans site. Estimate: $1,500-up.

1684. Gold ring with quartz stone (hexagonal cut).

5.85 grams, size 4-1/2. Flat, yellowish stone with good translucence but

lacking brilliance due to its mounting in a closed, flat table of gold, smoothed around the six sides of the stone and joined to a simple gold-wire ring of typical size. Found on the beach at the Corrigans site. Estimate: $1,500-up.

1685. Natural Colombian

emerald, 9.03 carats. Approx.

3/8”. A neat hexagonal crystal of

impressive size, quite translucent and green throughout, perhaps not gem quality but still among the nicest natural emeralds we have seen from any shipwreck. From the Urca de Lima site of the 1715 Fleet, in custom case. Estimate: $600-$900.

303

1686. Small bronze reli-

gious medallion. 3.68 grams,

20x18mm. Dark, corroded and encrusted with small bits of shells, yet with fairly bold portraits of saints on both sides, loop at top broken off before salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.


Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

1687. Lot of 2 small iron cannonballs (one broken off a barshot), encrusted with coral. 2703 grams, 3-1/4” in diameter;

1166 grams, 2-3/4” in diameter. Stable and solid but only partially con-

served, the smaller one with light, flaky exterior and the larger one (rusty in color) with round pit in side where bar used to be. Estimate: $150-$225.

1688. Pair of bookends made from coral-encrusted ballast

stones. 1688 grams and 1790 grams, 5-1/2” wide x 6” tall. Found in the early 1900s before Tres Puentes became a protected site, the stones left uncleaned but mounted onto simple redwood L’s with brass plaques that say ANTIQUITY / SPANISH TREASURE GALLEON / “TRES PUENTES” / LOST JULY 15, 1733. From the Tres Puentes site, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1689. Lot of 5 small, cone-shaped “tonalaware” objects, 1690. Lot of porcelain and pottery shards, plus a tiny lead

rare. 124 grams total, each about 1” in diameter. Smooth clay objects that look sort of like Hershey’s “kisses,” a departure from the usual animal shapes found in this material but interesting nonetheless, a few with spots of red encrustation. Estimate: $100-$150.

musketball. 293 grams total, up to 4” long. Interesting lot with 4 pieces

of Chinese blue-on-white porcelain (probably Kangxi), plus pieces of European porcelainware (dish rims and handle) and something that appears to be clay with wormy coral on it, most with lots of design intact, nothing overly valuable but representing probably hours of diving time on the wrecks. Estimate: $80-$120.

San Gerónimo, sunk in 1751 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico 1691. Lot of 2 small, natural emeralds, 2.6 and 1.1 carats, with original Sedwick certificates. About

5/8” and 1/4”. Both somewhat translucent but the bigger one much brighter in color, albeit odd in shape, the smaller one with traces of encrustation. With Daniel and Frank Sedwick certificates from 1995. Estimate: $150-$225.

304


Unidentified 1700s wreck in the York River, Virginia

1692. Colonial or Revolutionary War-period wooden deadeye, en-

crusted as found. 1443 grams, 7” diameter, 3-1/2” thick. Overall good condition but with some surface loss and wormholes, the “eyes” with encrustation and one with a shell covering it, found in the early 1900s by a Virginia waterman while harvesting shellfish. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Unidentified 1700s wreck off the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico

1693. Bronze blunderbuss-style swivel cannon, 1700s. Approx. 75 lb, 41” long, 3-1/4” bore at muzzle. From a Spanish colonial foundry and found off the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the early 1900s as from an unidentified Spanish wreck site, used as a rail guns on a galleon or smaller craft, its design based on early Portuguese guns of the 1600s and manufactured until the 1900s, a noticeable feature being the hollow-socket cascabel for holding a wooden aiming tiller, also with ring-turned barrel decorations, simple decoration at breech area, trunnions to mount on swivel mount or deck carriage, the metal overall in good condition but with heavily patinated surface, only partially cleaned with considerable concretion remaining, small losses to cascabel area (partially eroded away). With photo-certificate. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000. 305


Spanish “Manilla Galleon” wreck sunk in the 1700s off Nauru in the Pacific Ocean

1694. Lot of 4 bronze door ornaments. 1038 grams total, 2-1/2”

to 3” in diameter. Two different designs (one with swirled pattern and nipple, the others just ribbed), all solid and intact, some encrusted, used to cover nails and rivets in heavy oak doors. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified mid-1800s wreck off Vero Beach, Florida 1695. Large lot of bronze spikes (8) and sheathing nails (140), plus broken pieces. About 770 grams total, up to

4” long. This lot represents the total finds by one diligent beach-

comber, who never fully identified his wreck, each piece nicely patinated as uncleaned (some of the spikes brassy in color), all set aside for a promotion in the 1990s that was never done. With Sedwick certificates (small) and original invoice to promoter from February 1999. Estimate: $100-$150.

Non-Wreck Artifacts Natural History

1696. Lot of 3 palm-sized sea urchin fossils, approx. 20-30

million years old. 365 grams total, up to 3” each. With the appearance of white biscuits with star-shapes on top, all intact but one with hairline crack (repaired), somewhat similar to modern urchins but dense like rocks. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, lot #1882. Estimate: $100-$150.

Pre-Columbian

1697. Woolly mammoth tooth from the North Sea (approx.

10,000 to 100,000 years old). 2613 grams, 7” x 6” x 3-1/2”. Mas-

sive molar with about 11 ridges interspersed with brownish strata, bits of encrustation, lightly conserved by the North Sea commercial fisherman who found it in 1984, with his tag recording the find still affixed. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1698. Lot of 2 pre-Columbian gold earrings in the form of a snake chasing its tail, from

Central or South America. 1.39 grams total, each about 1/2” in diameter. Conjecturally linked to the Quetzalcoatl (“feathered serpent”) of Mesoamerican culture, the snake-chasing-tail image is commonly seen in native earrings like these, this pair being somewhat dainty but perfectly intact, in presumably high-karat gold (22K?), the “head” of the snake more stylistic than artistic. Estimate: $200-$300.

306


Arms / Armor / Militaria Cannonballs

1699. Colonial or Revolutionary War

iron grenade, 1700s. 2178 grams, 3-1/2” diameter. Rare six-pounder size found in the area of Hudson (NY) in the early 1900s, hollow (no powder remaining!) with hole for wooden fuse plug, very nice clean condition with stable iron and good patina. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

1700. Stone cannonball from the Spanish Armada (1588). 7640 grams, 7” diameter

Found by commercial fishermen in the mid-1900s off Nieuwpoort, Belgium, in an area of heavy action between the Spanish and English fleets in 1588, somewhat larger in size than the usual as from a siege cannon “bombard,” very good condition with light surface concretions and pitting from long immersion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

Firearms

1701. European flintlock pistol signed by owner or maker “E. Covna,” 1700s. 1123 grams, 20” long. Engraved decorations, deep touch marks, walnut stock with ornate brass mounts, original ramrod with screw tip, and engraved lock signed “E. Covna.” Very good original condition with functioning lock. Small chip or loss to stock nose. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 307


1702. European flintlock officer’s pistol, 1700s. 1185 grams, 19-1/2” long. Octagonal 12-1/2” barrel, engraved lock with gilt inlays, wal-

nut stock, silver butt cap with coral-colored gemstone in center, floral overlays overall, pierced barrel band, original metal tipped ramrod. Very good condition with functioning lock that needs adjustment. An impressively decorated gun. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1703. European flintlock officer’s pistol, 1700s. 1016 grams, 18-1/2” long. Engraved lock and barrel with faint maker’s marks and touch marks, walnut stock with heavy ornate silver mounts and inlays, engraved and pierced decorations. Very good original condition with small old repair to stock and functioning lock that needs adjustment. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

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308


1704. Brass musket or blunderbuss buttplate engraved “Capt Mansvelt,” 1700s. 180 grams, 5” to 6” to a side. The well-preserved buttplate of what must have been an immense rifle, the wood and iron long gone leaving parts like this one, found by a family of North Sea commercial fisherman, the main attraction being a neatly engraved CAPT MANSVELT on one side, presumably referring to Edward Mansvelt (various spellings), who was one of the informal early leaders of the “brethren of the coast” in Tortuga and Jamaica in the mid-1600s, in fact the immediate predecessor to Captain Henry Morgan himself. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

1705. Northern European flintlock blunderbuss pistol, 1700s-1800s. 740 grams, 15” long. Small (only 15’’ inches) hand pistol with slightly flared 7-1/4” barrel showing cannon-style turnings at muzzle, Liège proof mark, engraved functional lock with maker’s signature, ornate relief-carved walnut stock with checkered wrist, ornate brass mounts. Very good original condition with slight age split at the end of the stock, clean iron, light toning. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

309


1706. Eastern European flintlock trade pistol, 1700s-1800s. 980 grams, 18” long. Typical pistol that was traded in the Mediterranean

and carried overseas to colonial ports by corsairs and pirates, with 11” decorated barrel, complete lock, ornate walnut stock with relief-carved decorations, ornate cast brass mounts, very good original condition and iron with age-toned patina, tight lock that needs adjustment, wooden ramrod tightly in place, barrel secured by wire wrap decoration at fore end. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-$700.

1707. Northern European naval flintlock “sea service” pistol, 1800s. 1214 grams, 15-1/2” long. Typical naval boarding pistol, made in Liège and used by many countries and commercial merchant ships, with 9” barrel bearing a touch mark and stamped BELGIUM, the walnut stock with simple brass butt cap and lanyard ring. Overall very good condition, dark with age-toned patina, functional lock. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

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1708. Eastern European “rat-tail” miquelet pistol, early 1800s. 875 grams, 20” long. Distinctive and beautifully decorated pistol of Albanian origin from the Ottoman Empire period and used around the Mediterranean by corsairs and pirates, complete with engraved lock with touch mark, all-brass stock with elaborate decorations and silver decorative mounts, steel ramrod tightly in place, all in very good cleaned condition with lock in need of adjustment. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

1709. Spanish colonial Caribbean miquelet pistol, early 1800s. 774 grams, 13” long. Locally made colonial piece utilizing a captured English officer’s brass pistol barrel fitted with a Spanish miquelet lock and walnut stock with blacksmith-made iron mounts, the brass barrel with touch marks and stamped “London,” the lock working and all in very good original condition. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Edged Weapons

1710. Early Spanish colonial dagger with scabbard, 1700s. 327 grams, 16” long. Very sharp dagger with double-edge pointed blade, decorated brass pommel and cross guard, with original leather scabbard fine-tooled with decoration (minor losses to stitching and end tip), the blade slightly age-toned and the black horn grip with small age split. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1711. British naval cutlass, early 1800s. 963 grams, 31” overall. Brass hand guard with cast iron ribbed grip, the clean blade stamped with the “broad arrow” ordnance mark, a type of sword issued to naval officers and revenue service sailors and used during the Napoleonic Wars. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1712. Spanish colonial dirk, early 1800s. 205 grams, 13” long. Carved horn handle with silver insets, brass hand guard with decorations, Bowie-style (sharp) blade, overall very good condition. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1713. US artillery sword, 1833 model, dated 1839. 1123 grams, 25” long. Ancient Roman-style sword with double-edge blade, solid

and heavy brass handle with scale-design grip and federal eagle on pommel, imitative of French Napoleonic issues and commonly used by US forces in the Mexican-American War and later in the US Civil War, signed NP Ames, Springfield, MA, nice condition with very minor age pitting on blade. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

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Armor

1714. German cuirassiers iron breastplate, 1700s-1800s.

2789 grams, 15” tall, 15” across. Sturdy and heavy (somewhat larger than earlier Spanish pieces we have handled), with bright brass rivets (two missing on bottom lip and two missing from side), stamped with maker’s mark WOHLERS on left shoulder, chain added at top for display as from an English country estate in County Kent, England. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Jewelry / Religious

1715. Small, high-karat (22K?) gold bead (Spanish colonial, 1500s-1700s) with loop at top.

1.41 grams, 1/4” in diameter. Solid sphere,

simple and unadorned except for a thick loop at top for applying it to a larger piece. Estimate: $125-$200.

1716. Gold filigree pendant (22K?) featuring a young Peter the Great of Russia in

watercolor on vellum laid on gessoed card, ca. 1680-1710. 10.85 grams, 1-1/2” x 1”. A

thick cagework of gold with miniature portrait and blue cloth (reminiscent of a reliquary) in center sandwiched between original crystals, the filigree work extremely intricate, with ornate loop at top, minor damage at bottom, likely very rare and important to Russian collectors. Estimate: $1,000-up.

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1717. Silver filigree Jesuit medallion engraved with Christogram I-H-S on one side and date 1790 and initials I-A-E on the other. 5.22 grams, 1-3/8” in diameter. Elegant little piece, worn and toned but intact except

for whatever hung from the loop at bottom, the center possibly originally a coin that was smoothed and engraved. Found in England. Estimate: $70-$100.

Miscellaneous

1718. Lot of 2.65 carats of small, natural emeralds in an 1719. Spanish colonial bronze mortar and pestle, ca. 1600s.

encrusted cluster and loose, from a Spanish colonial site in the southern Caribbean (1500s-1600s). 3/8” (cluster). At least

seven small, natural emeralds, many of them encrusted together (either naturally or as part of a small colonial cache), all rather clear and bright-green in color, generally much better than what we see from shipwrecks. Pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #1508. Estimate: $150-$225.

3307 grams total, 9” long pestle, 5-3/4” x 3-1/2” tall mortar. Large, heavy mortar used by a chemist to produce medicines, with relief-cast cherubs on exterior, the pestle with ring-turned decorations, all brassy in color but with wear from age use, the worn-thin bottom with copper patch (probably an old period repair). With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1720. Spanish colonial iron-bound wooden canteen, 1600s-

1700s. 931 grams, 8” long, 4-3/4” wide, 7” tall. With the appearance of a rustic lunchbox, this wooden piece with iron straps at ends was made from a hollowed-out tree and decorated with cruciform design on one side and a cardinal-like seahorse on the other, with tiny hole at top for inserting liquid (now blocked, but something rattling inside) flanked by tiny finger-holes in the handle, the whole piece in stable and complete condition with minor losses and signs of ancient woodbore. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

314


1721. Spanish colonial leather-

covered wooden money box, 1600s1700s. 3415 grams, 19-1/2” long, 8-1/4”

deep, 6-3/4” tall. Significant as the type of

box used to carry cobs on board ships, the wood crude but with leather covering all over and with ornate pierced and engraved blacksmith-made iron mounts and lock hasp, in original condition as found, with much of the original leather intact and with original hinges and handles, some minor losses including a missing back right corner plate. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1722. French bronze ship’s watch bell, 1700s, with

original wood/iron yoke and hardware. 9640 grams, roughly 14” x 11” x 9”. Wonderfully intact bell (lovely patina that

is light on the outside but heavy on the bottom) with original brass clapper inside (nice ring), the yoke at top rusted but also intact and joined to a burned-out piece of wooden timber. Made for the French Navy at the Rochefort foundry, bells such as these were struck by the quartermaster on every half hour, increasing the rings each time, ending with 8 rings for the end of a 4-hour watch. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

315


1723. Spanish colonial silver bowl, 1700s, with script-MF monogram on bottom of rim. 330 grams, 8” in diameter. Elegant bowl in solid, bright, shiny silver, small rim with slightly scalloped edge, the monogram mark on underside very clear. Estimate: $400-$600.

1724. Pair of Spanish colonial inlaid silver spurs (espuelas), 1700s-1800s. 476 grams, 6-1/2” long, 3-1/2” wide. Fine pair of early

iron spurs with intricate silver inlays, original old leather straps with buckle intact on one, good original condition except that each spur has several points missing from rowel due to use. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

1725. Pair of Spanish colonial brass stirrups (estribos),

1700s-1800s. 2010 grams, each 10-1/2” long. Heavy matched pair of stirrups used by Spanish military and civilian riders, nice brass color with some surface wear from long service, found in Colombia. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1726. Lot of 3 iron padlocks (1 large, 1 medium and 1 small), all with keys, Spanish colonial, 1700s-1800s. 810 grams, 3 -1/2” x 6”; 603 grams, 5” x 6-1/2”; and 384 grams, 3” x 6-3/4”. Early household

locks for doors and chests, handmade and of different styles, original asfound condition, all recovered from an estate house in South America. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

316


1727. Iron slave shackles, 1700s-1800s. 1127 grams, 25” long.

Two cuffs with oval loops, six-link chain in between with two rings in center, all hand-forged by a blacksmith and used to transport slaves or prisoners, found on a plantation in Westmoreland, Virginia, lightly patinated all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1730. Dutch brass tobacco-box with hand-engraved lid,

1728. Lot of 3 (1 large, 2 small) African slave trade copper

1700s. 176 grams, 6-1/4” long x 1-1/2” high x 1-7/8” wide. Beautifully hand engraved with animals and biblical verses in Dutch, the hinged lid working perfectly and with only minor wear overall. With photocertificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

“manillas,” 1700s-1800s. 1408 grams total, 9” wide, 2-1/2” wide, and 2-1/2” wide. Three heavily patinated examples, one a rare, large “queen”

manilla with light engraving and the others small and plain (one with unusually large ends), typically used as currency in the slave trade (as outlined in an accompanying article), these specimens excavated in modern times in Nigeria, West Africa. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1731. Dutch colonial period “case

1729. British mili-

gin” bottle, ca. 1800. 526 grams, 9-1/2” tall, 3-1/2” square sides. A river find in ex-

tary or naval officer’s drawing / navigational set, 1700s-1800s.

cellent condition, with applied top, polished pontil base, translucent olive-green hand-blown glass with tiny bubbles. These bottles were made square to fit in crates on ships. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

291 grams, 7” long. Fine quality wooden case with shagreen covering and hinged top containing dividers, compass, bi-fold rulers and other drafting tools, used by officers to work on charts and engineering plans. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

317


Documents Maps 1732. Italian map of Spain and Portugal,

ca. 1550 (possibly by Giacomo Gastaldi, based on earlier map by Sebastien Munster?), matted and framed. 16” x 13-1/2” total

(image size 10” x 7”). Characteristic “trapezoidal” style of the period showing scale in margins, labelled cities, rivers, mountains and islands, with original fold in center and minor ink-flaw at upper right but otherwise in great condition (not colored), also with photocopy of back of document (table of distances in Latin) pasted to back of frame, a sturdy and attractive piece for hanging. Estimate: $500-$750.

1733. Dutch copperplate-engraved map of the Caribbean and surrounding land entitled “Insvlae Americanae in Oceano Septentrionale, cum Terris adiacentibus,” by Valk and Schenk (Amsterdam, 1694), after a map by Jan Jansson (15881664), hand-colored. 25” x 17” (image size 20” x 14-1/2”). With Cuba in center and the surrounding areas including all the way up to the

Chesapeake and south to Colombia, this highly detailed map shows rivers and coastal locations as well as names of countries, islands and seas, with cartouche at top right flanked by cherubs and with turtle hanging from middle, lightly colored in pink and brown and yellow, excellent condition with no tears and just the original central fold and holes at very right and left sides of margins where this piece was stitched into its original atlas, minor foxing only. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

318


1734. German edition (1719) of a French map of Cuba and

Jamaica entitled “Die Inseln Cuba und Iamaica,” by A.M. Mallet (1630-1706), hand-colored. 8” x 6-1/2” (image size 6” x 4”).

Presented as a horizon view, with Florida appearing as a mountain in the distance and parts of Panama and Colombia in the foreground (also Mexico on the left side), with names of islands only, the empty parts of the sea graced with images of galleons under sail and at battle, title in banner at top, very fine condition with minor foxing, no folds. With certificate of authenticity. Estimate: $300-$450.

1735. French map of the Caribbean and surrounding areas entitled “Guayane, Terre Firme, Isles Antilles, et Nlle. Espagne,” 1766, by Louis Brion de la Tour (1743-1803), lightly hand colored. 19” x 15” (image size 15” x 13”). Detailed map

of the region bounded by Louisiana in the north and the Amazon in the south, with towns, islands, rivers and other features neatly labelled, also curiously including archbishoprics and bishoprics (per legend at bottom right), squarish cartouche at top right, the coastal coloration barely noticeable, excellent condition with original central crease and minor bend at bottom middle, no cuts or stains. Estimate: $300-$450.

1736. French copperplate-engraved map of the Caribbean entitled “Carte du Gophe du Mexique et des Isles de l’Amerique,” by Bellin, published in Dutch as “Kaart van de Golf van Mexico, en van de Amerikaanse Eilanden” by J.V. Schley in 1773, hand colored.

15” x 12”. Highly detailed, on thick, watermarked

parchment paper, with regions, rivers, towns and islands all well labelled, also routes of Spanish explorers, just the outlines neatly colored, with title inside oval cartouche at top right, scale in margins, fine condition with several prominent folds but not stains or foxing. Estimate: $250-$375.

319


Engravings

1739. British copperplate engraving (ca. 1768) entitled “A View of Truxillo a City belonging to the Spaniards in the Bay of Honduras,” from a series with “Engraved for Drakes Voyages” at top. 13-1/2” x 9” (image size 9-1/4” x 6-1/2”). A fairly serene

harbor scene, highly detailed, with ships unloading onto a palmy beach in the foreground, city and mountains in background, the intensity of the ink decreasing with distance for a 3D feel, nice condition except for foxing and minor chips and bending in edges. Estimate: $60-$90.

1737. German woodcut engraving of Manilla galleons entitled “Schlacht fur Manille” (early 1600s), copied from Theodor de Bry (1528-1598). 13” x 7” (image size 7-1/4” x 5-1/2”).

A highly detailed scene of two galleons at battle with other ships (and even a Chinese junk) in the background, also curiously with a giant squid at bottom left, the rest of the document (including the back) with Old German printed text, the paper rather light and lightly foxed but without folds or tears. Estimate: $60-$90.

1738. French (Paris) woodcut engraving from 1701 showing the lineage of Philip I of Austria to Philip V of Spain and Charles, Archduke of Austria, by Nicholas de Fer (16461720), hand colored. 15” x 10” (image size 13-1/2” x 9”). Fascinating

document with the names and titles of Habsburg line on the branches of a descending vine with the Spanish branch on the left and the Austrian branch on the right, surrounded by a meandering scene of soldiers culminating in a goddess at top, all at top left within descriptive text, in nice condition but with prominent (reinforced) central fold, bent corners, but no staining or tears. With certificate of authenticity. Estimate: $200-$300.

1740. Scottish copperplate engraving by W.H. Lizars entitled “STEAM NAVIGATION” (Plate CXVI), printed in Edinburgh by A. Constable & Co. in 1824, showing side views of steam-driven wooden sailing vessels, including the City of Glasgow, matted for framing (blue). 13-1/2” x 11-1/4” (image

size 9-1/2” x 9”). Highly detailed images of two ships, the one on top being towed by a steam-driven paddle-boat (“J. Hulls’ steam boat”), in excellent undamaged condition. Estimate: $70-$100.

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Manuscripts

1741. Lot of 2 British copperplate engravings entitled “A

Machine to Prevent a Ship’s driving on a Lee-Shore in a Storm” by Mr. Willm Boorn of Portsmouth (ca. 1810) and “DIVING BELLS” by J. Shury (publ. by Thomas Tegg, London, 1827), both matted for framing (blue). 12-1/2” x 9-1/2”

(image size 8-1/2” x 5-1/2”) and 10-3/4” x 8-1/4” (image size 7” x 4-3/4”).

The former is a detailed scene of a ship in distress using an anchor-like contraption to avoid wrecking, while the latter is a series of figures illuminating the functions of various diving bells, both in excellent undamaged condition. Estimate: $70-$100.

1742. British copperplate engraving by I(saac) Taylor entitled “SHIP / A First Rate Ship of War with Rigging etc. at Anchor” (printed in London ca. 1830s) showing a side view above a cutaway, with parts numbered per an attached legend (separate sheet), matted for framing (blue). 18-1/2” x 14” (image size 14-1/2” x 9-3/4”). Two views of a sailing ship, the top one with all the various riggings numbered (the key on another page, attached but placed in back), and the bottom one a side-view cutaway with the wooden sections similarly numbered (key on same page as other), all in fine condition with only faint traces of foxing and wear but the edges a bit frayed (covered by matting). Estimate: $70-$100.

1743. English letter and cipher-code statement by supposed pirate Eli Fleete dated December 14, 1553 detailing where his treasure is buried (probably a 17th-century fraud), the cipher mounted on red-brown blotter matt. 9” x 6” each sheet. Two small, handwritten documents, probably purposefully aged with smears and rips and fading, one in flowing script and the other just numbers and dots and vertical lines (cipher), accompanied by a summary letter by an expert exposing the probably fraud, still very intriguing as an old “pirate treasure map”. Estimate: $100-up.

321


1744. British Universal Magazine article from the October

1762 issue entitled “An Account of the Surrender of the Havannah [Cuba] by Capitulation” with engraving of Admiral George Pocock. 10” x 8” (image size 6-1/4” x 3-5/8”). Fourteen-page

article with engraved plate of Pocock in front, excellent condition (minor foxing only). The battle described within was a 6-month engagement during the Seven Years’ War in which the British besieged and captured the city of Havana (returned to the Spanish in the 1763 Treaty of Paris), which dealt a serious blow to the Spanish at the time. Estimate: $60-$90.

1746. British Mechanics’ Magazine article from the May

28, 1825, issue entitled “Plan for the Preservation of Shipwrecked Seamen,” by Captain G.W. Manby, including several small engravings throughout. 8-1/2” x 5”. Sixteen-page article

with various methods and tools for saving people at sea, in very nice condition with only minor foxing. Estimate: $60-$90.

Book

1745. British Vice Admiralty Court of Gibraltar document

dated June 1808 regarding the capture of the Virgen del Rosario y San Antonio by Admiral Cochrane, asking the court to judge it a lawful prize. 13” x 8-1/4”. One large sheet of paper

printed on two sides of one half plus the outside quarter panel of the other half (originally folded into quarters), the printed sections interspersed with light handwriting, accompanied by a typed summary and background, the document in excellent condition albeit with all the original folds. Admiral Cochrane was one of England’s greatest sailors but often found himself in disagreement with the Navy. Eventually he became Commander in Chief of the navies of Chile and Brazil and was an important figure in those countries’ bids for independence (as well as Peru). Estimate: $60-$90.

1747. Pieces of Eight, by Kip Wagner, 1st edition (1966), signed by all 10 Real Eight Company members and associates.

9-1/2” x 6-1/4”, 221 pp (hardbound). Ten signatures on a 1st edition is

the benchmark for this famous book about the Real Eight Co. and the finding of the 1715 Fleet, the ten signers pictured on the back of the dust jacket (fully intact). Very Fine condition, no problems except for minor wear on dust jacket and library number in white (also on jacket). Estimate: $350-$500.

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Painting

1748. Original watercolor painting entitled Payday, by New York artist Liliya Skubish (2016), matted for framing. Image size 19-1/2� x 13-1/2�. A rowdy scene of pirates drinking and reveling over their spoils, which are being carefully doled out by a female pirate with

dagger under the chin of a colleague who is presumably in disagreement about his share, all in vivid colors and with excellent representations of bodies and faces and emotions. About the artist: Liliya Skubish was born in Kishinev, Moldova, and her family moved back to Russia when she was two years old. She grew up in a small village surrounded by nature. As a child, she loved biology, where she learned about insects, animals and plants and drew them with great detail in her notebook. After finishing art school in her hometown of Mendeleevsk, she entered the Teacher Training Institute in Naberezhnie Chelny where she studied an academic approach to art. One year before graduating, Liliya moved to Brooklyn, NY where she went to The New York City College of Technology, CUNY studying Graphic Design and later, animation. She turned to illustration after being influenced by her teacher and thesis curator Anthony Accardo, a successful artist-illustrator. She completely surrendered to the study of illustration when she discovered The Golden Age of Illustration around the turn of the 20th century, and it evidently affected her artistic style. After graduation Liliya has worked on commissions for fairy tale themed paintings as well as keeping up with her own projects. Liliya considers herself self-taught: Where she stands now is the product of her regular visits to life drawing studio (Spring Studio in Soho, New York) and looking at art from early Renaissance to present. Estimate: $1,000-up.

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Sedwick Treasure Auction #19  

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