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Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #14 Wednesday, October 30, 2013

LIVE FLOOR AND INTERNET AUCTION DoubleTree Hotel Lake Buena Vista (Orlando, FL) Session I: 10:00 am EDT Session II: 1:45 pm EDT Session III: 7:00 pm EDT

Friday, November 1, 2013 INTERNET ONLY (LIVE) Session IV: 10:00 Am EDT Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327 www.SedwickCoins.com

Bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com Auction and catalog production by

Daniel Sedwick, Augi García-Barneche, and Cori Sedwick Downing Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592

© All images and text are copyright of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2013. All rights reserved.

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS By participating in this auction, you (hereafter referred to as the “Bidder”) are entering into a binding contract with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC (“Auctioneer”) and agree to the following Terms and Conditions: 1)

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Each lot will be sold to the highest Bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, telephone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. All nonlive bids must be received before the auction session begins. The Auctioneer or any of its employees individually cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time, or for any technical glitches that prevent internet bids from being executed. All bidders must be registered before their bids will be entered. All bids are in U.S. dollars. Winning bids will be reduced automatically by the iCollector platform to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie. A winning bid is contract between the winning Bidder (hereafter referred to as the “Buyer”) and the Consignor. The Buyer, even if acting as an agent for someone else, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he has won and to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping costs, sales tax, bank-wire fees, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the Buyer. Certain lots (particularly artifacts) may require special packaging and handling, for which a surcharge will be levied (also note shipping calculations will delay invoicing). In some special cases delivery may be arranged directly between the Consignor and the Buyer, at the buyer’s cost. At no time shall the Buyer have any legal recourse against the Consignor for any reason. Buyers will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification or within one month of the date of the first session of the auction, whichever is sooner. Buyers who do not receive notification for whatever reason are NOT released from their obligation to pay on time. If payment has not been received within these terms, the Auctioneer reserves the right to sell the lot(s) to any under-bidders for their lower bid amounts. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 2% per month. Lot pickup will be available after the auction (not during). Any lots not picked up in person (unless other arrangements are made) will be sent to Buyers via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the Buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases). Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is responsible for loss or damage to lots only up until they are received at the address to which they are sent; any transshipment from there is the buyer’s responsibility alone. Generally, lots will be shipped in the order in which they are paid. A Buyer’s Premium of 19.5% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Buyers who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 2% (net 17.5%). Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by PayPal (to auction@sedwickcoins.com) are limited to $2,500 per auction per buyer. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank. Please contact us for instructions for wire-transfer payments, for which bank charges may be necessarily added to the amount to be paid, generally depending on the country from which the wire originates. New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply commercial references in the numismatic field and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidders with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of their previous balance before their bids will be accepted.

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You may opt for “either/or” and/or “total budget” bids on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. “Total budget” bids are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend more than a specified amount. Both options are subject to a minimum of $5,000 total in bids and “either/or” bids are additionally subject to a minimum of $100 per lot (below that, bidders should bid live on the Internet instead). These options are not available for bids submitted via iCollector (either live or by proxy). Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will generally be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars. As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level (generally at least 70% of low estimate). Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith. Starting bids are provided on iCollector when the auction is published, and bids below those starting bids cannot be entered. Prices realized do not necessarily reflect accurate market values so much as what the high bidder is willing to pay based on his own needs. All items are guaranteed genuine and as described. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC does NOT guarantee that any lots can be successfully encapsulated. Auctions are NOT approval sales, and therefore returns will NOT be accepted UNLESS there was an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion cannot be considered errors. Lots encapsulated by PCGS, NGC or any other third-party company may not be returned for any reason. Disputes as to authenticity shall be resolved by submission to PCGS or NGC, and if their determination is inconclusive, then the opinion of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC shall stand. Any disputes, including proposed returns, must be brought to our attention no later than 2 days after receipt of the lot(s) by the Buyer and BEFORE return shipment to us, with any applicable refunds to be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s) by us. All returns must be received by us in unaltered condition and in their original, unopened, sealed flips no later than one month after the date of the first auction session (note that late remittance, therefore, can negate return privileges). Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee. In the event of loss or damage, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC’s liability shall be limited to the hammer price plus buyer’s fee only. NGC or PCGS census data (“finest known,” etc.) are given based on the date of cataloging and are not presumed to be accurate forever. Lots may be inspected at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website and on iCollector 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. All photographs in the catalog and online are of the actual lots being sold but may not be actual size or to scale. Color and brightness of online photos may vary according to your monitor and video-card specifications. If buyer does not supply a Florida resale certificate, then Florida sales tax will apply as follows: If picked up in person, 6.5% will be added to the total (hammer plus buyer’s fee) for all items that are NOT coins or bullion, and to all non-U.S. coins whose total is less than $500. Same applies to lots shipped to Florida addresses, but the rate (6% to 7.5%) will be according to county of delivery. There is no Florida sales tax on U.S coins or on any lots shipped out of state. All bidders and consignors acknowledge and agree that the Auctioneer (Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC) does NOT guarantee that auctions will be unimpaired, uninterrupted or error-free and accordingly shall not be liable for such eventualities. Any errors in the printed catalog will be rectified on the website and iCollector as they come to our attention, and those corrected listings shall be deemed the binding descriptions at the time of the auction. The Auctioneer in its sole and absolute discretion may accept or decline any bid, remove bids and reopen bidding, withdraw lots, or change lot sequence or bidding increments at any time, even after the winning bid and winning bidder have been announced. Any bidding disputes shall be adjudicated by the Auctioneer, whose decision shall be deemed binding and final. This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592. The Auctioneer and Bidder agree that the venue for all claims and disputes shall be the applicable court having jurisdiction in Orange County in the State of Florida, and that the prevailing party shall be entitled to all attorneys’ fees and costs. THE BIDDER AGREES TO WAIVE THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL.

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ORDER OF SALE

SECTION LOTS PAGES Shipwreck histories ........................................................................................................... 9-19 SESSION I: Wednesday, October 30, 2013, 10:00 am EDT LIVE FLOOR AND INTERNET AUCTION DoubleTree Hotel Lake Buena Vista (Orlando, Florida) Gold cobs by mint .....................................................................................1-76................ 21-37 World gold coins by country ...................................................................... 77-247............ 38-77 U.S. coins ................................................................................................... 248-294.......... 78-87 SESSION II: Wednesday, October 30, 2013, 1:45 pm EDT LIVE FLOOR AND INTERNET AUCTION DoubleTree Hotel Lake Buena Vista (Orlando, Florida) Shipwreck ingots and bullion .................................................................... 295-312.......... 89-96 Shipwreck silver coins (chronologically by wreck) ..................................... 313-614.......... 97-163 Silver cobs of Mexico City, Mexico ............................................................. 615-632.......... 169-172 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ............................................................................ 633-652.......... 172-178 Silver cobs of PotosĂ­, Bolivia....................................................................... 653-747.......... 178-197 Other silver cobs by country ...................................................................... 748-759.......... 198-207 SESSION III: Wednesday, October 30, 2013, 7:00 pm EDT LIVE FLOOR AND INTERNET AUCTION DoubleTree Hotel Lake Buena Vista (Orlando, Florida) Ancient coins ............................................................................................. 760-786.......... 108-213 World silver coins by country..................................................................... 787-1015........ 214-260 Medals & tokens ........................................................................................ 1016-1034...... 261-265 Documents................................................................................................. 1035-1037...... 265-266 Shipwreck artifacts...................................................................................... 1038-1077...... 267-280 Non-wreck artifacts..................................................................................... 1078-1100...... 281-288 SESSION IV: Friday, November 1, 2013, 10:00 am EDT LIVE INTERNET-ONLY AUCTION All sections.................................................................................................. 1101-1700...... 289-329

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A NOTE ABOUT THE ORDER As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (nine previous editions). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. Restrepo = Restrepo’s Monedas de Colombia, 1619-2006, second edition (2006). S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, fourth edition (2007). Spink = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, forty-first edition (2006). A list of other, more specialized references used in our catalogs is provided upon request.

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that.  (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade.  Mint State refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts, documents, artwork and media. Photos of coins in the most recent NGC capsules have four white intrusions into the rims of the coins due to a special design meant to enable viewing of the edges of those coins.

We encourage bidders who are not attending the floor auction in to examine lots in person at our premises in Winter Park, Florida (by appointment only).

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 6


Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #14 Live Floor and Internet Auction, Wednesday, October 30, 2013 Internet-Only Auction, Friday, November 1, 2013

Our first LIVE FLOOR auction kicks off with 1100 lots of choice material in all areas of world coins and shipwreck treasures totaling well over $1.5 million in pre-auction low estimates. Among the nearly 300 gold coins (including scores of gold cobs) you will find Part II of the New England Collection of Brazilian gold coins, featuring many finest-known type-coins in some of the most difficult areas of Brazilian gold. Part I of this landmark collection set several records in our Auction #13, so we expect the same this time. Following U.S. coins are the usual sections of shipwreck coins and ingots, this time representing over 80 different wrecks worldwide. Several of these wrecks are highlighted by “Research Collections” in this sale (truly the best coins from each wreck), namely São José (1622), DeLiefde (1711), Reijgersdaal (1747) and Auguste (1761), the last three from the holdings of the original U.S. importer in the 1970s. Within the shipwrecks section is also a major milestone in auction history, as the coins from the so-called “Pewter Wreck” of the mid-1500s off Santo Domingo represent the largest-ever single offering of Santo Domingo colonial silver coins (any one of which would be a highlight on its own in another auction), preceded by a research article by Cori Downing that catalogs all of the designs on the fewer than 100 known examples. The silver-cob sections in this auction stand out as presenting 15 Royals from the mints of Mexico, Lima and Potosí (one of the largest-ever offerings of silver Royals), with a special introductory article by Daniel Sedwick that lists all the known Royals in every denomination. Most prominent among these Royals is a unique Lima 8 reales 1725M Louis I (lot 649). We also feature our first 8-reales Heart (1704Y) in the Potosí section (lot 706). Last but not least, among the Colombian cobs is a unique ¼ real of posthumous Charles II / early Philip V (lot 754), preceded by a brief treatise by Herman Blanton, as well as a choice Bogotá 8 reales of 1668 (lot 751). The Brazilian highlights continue in our section of non-cob silver coins from around the world, in addition to other “finest knowns” and unique (or nearly so) items from the Spanish colonies and early Latin America, like a Santiago (Chile) 8 reales of 1773 (lot 881), a Bogotá (Colombia) ¼ real of 1815 (lot 896), and a Pasco (Peru) 8 reales of 1857 (lot 1000). Next you will find many choice medals, most from the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Last up is our exclusive selection of shipwreck artifacts, this time featuring a bronze cannon with matching breech block from a wreck off Santo Domingo (lot 1046); a gold rosary from the 1715 Fleet (lot 1058); a gold “dragon whistle” (captain’s badge of office) from the 1733 Fleet (lot 1064); and a gold reliquary from a mid-1700s wreck (lot 1068). The non-wreck artifacts include many great weapons and other neat things. Two days after the Live Floor auction will be our Live Internet-only auction (600 lots), with a cross-section of all of the above but generally more affordable items. Please give this section a careful look, as there are many “sleepers”! We hereby invite everyone to attend our auction in person and participate in our inaugural event at the DoubleTree hotel at the Walt Disney World resort. Even if you can’t attend, you can still bid “live” in real time via the Internet. Good luck, everyone!

Daniel Sedwick

The Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC production team: Agustín (Augi) García-Barneche Cori Sedwick Downing

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Event Schedule

Tuesday October 29

Lot viewing at DoubleTree Lake Buena Vista Hotel 10:00 AM - 6:30 PM EDT Evergreen Room

8:00 AM - 9:00 AM EDT Bidder Support Live Floor and Internet Auction Session I: Gold Cobs, World Gold Coins & U.S. Coins (Lots 1-294) Starting at 10:00 AM EDT DoubleTree Lake Buena Vista Hotel: Buena Vista Ballroom Lunch Break

Wednesday October 30

Live Floor and Internet Auction Session II: Shipwreck Ingots & Coins through Silver Cobs (Lots 295-759) Starting at 1:45 PM EDT DoubleTree Lake Buena Vista Hotel: Buena Vista Ballroom Dinner Break Live Floor and Internet Auction Session III: Ancients, World Silver Coins, Documents & Artifacts (Lots 760-1100) Starting at 7:00 PM EDT DoubleTree Lake Buena Vista Hotel: Buena Vista Ballroom

Lot Pickup

Thursday October 31

Starting at 10:00 AM EDT

Friday November 1

Live InternetOnly Auction Session IV: World Gold & Silver Coins, Shipwreck Coins & Artifacts Starting at 10:00 AM EDT (Lots 11011700)

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SHIPWRECK (AND HOARD) HISTORIES Throughout this catalog we offer coins, ingots and artifacts from many dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—”treasure” in the truest sense. So as not to break up the flow of the catalog in the listings, we offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories here either because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general. Also be sure to check out our new Virtual Shipwreck and Hoard Map on the web at http://sedwickcoins.com/map/map.html.

“Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

Before there were coins and Spanish Treasure Fleets, Hernán Cortés and his men acquired treasure in the form of Native-American gold and silver artifacts that were melted down in Mexico for easier transportation. The variable-fineness ingots thus created were known to archeologists but were not thought to exist until the discovery of a wreck full of them off Grand Bahama Island in 1992. After the salvage of what ultimately was determined to be a ca.-1528 wreck, the ingots came to be known as “tumbaga” bars and were subsequently distributed to the collecting community by Frank and Daniel Sedwick. Like most official Spanish colonial bullion, each bar was marked with the fineness (the gold in parts per 24, the silver in parts per 2400) and assayer, and especially with tax stamps to show that the king got his cut. On these particular bars the tax stamps show a legend that reads CAROLVS QVINTVS IMPERATOR for Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (who was also Charles I of Spain, son of Queen Joanna). The “Tumbaga” Saga: Treasure of the Conquistadors, by Agustín García-Barneche (2010), gives the story behind these bars, particularly their history and manufacture, with complete data and analysis and photos of many of the ingots. Each bar is also described in detail in Tumbaga Silver for Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, by Douglas Armstrong (1993), a professional conservator hired by the salvage company to clean and preserve all the silver “tumbaga” bars.

This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican Carlos-Juana silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World (the best of which achieved a record in 2006 for the highest amount ever paid at auction for a Spanish colonial coin: $373,750!). To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican Carlos-Juana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars (see above), although the later gold ingots were been cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/ or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we use today. The gold ingots also show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas

The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wreck-site was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Carlos-Juana (up to and including assayer S), some of which still

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washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

Unidentified (presumably Spanish) wreck sunk ca. 1590 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico Salvaged surreptitiously by Florida divers, this wreck yielded Philip II cobs of Mexico, Lima and Potosí, some in remarkably good condition. Many of this wreck’s coins are recognizable by their jagged, truncated edges (from corrosion) with pristine interior details. Without consideration of that characteristic pattern of corrosion, the coins from this wreck can pass for Atocha (1622) coins, which is how many of them were successfully sold with fraudulent Atocha certificates in the 1990s.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic In 1554 the Spanish fleet coming from Mexico, consisting of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, hit a violent storm and foundered off of what is now Padre Island, Texas, where it is known that all but the first mentioned sank. The one ship that escaped, the San Andrés, did make it to Havana, but just barely, and its treasure had to be offloaded onto other vessels for the journey through the Bahama Channel and up the Straits of Florida and back to Spain. Archival records in Spain indicate that not all of the treasure from the San Andrés made it there, however. In addition to a documented loss off Portugal, there is some evidence that these ships were hit by another storm and lost somewhere in the northern Caribbean, at least one of them hitting the east coast of Florida and being salvaged by the Ais Indians. A few coins found on the east coast of Florida in recent decades, particularly in the vicinity of Cape Canaveral, seem to confirm this. Archival records also indicate that some of the treasure from the San Andrés was brought to and left at Puerto Rico to be retrieved later in the 1550s. The material we are seeing on the market today (coins, ingots and some artifacts like plates with markings) is identical to what was found off Texas, so it MUST have come from the same 1554 shipment originally, and is therefore most likely the part that was offloaded from the San Andrés in Havana. Because the salvagers say the source is somewhere off the Dominican Republic, it may have more to do with the part that was left in Puerto Rico than with the losses in the Bahama Channel.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

The name and nationality of the ship are unknown and even the date of sinking is not certain. All we know is that records of its local salvage began in 1618. After rediscovery of the wreck by Ken Simpson and Mike Hall in 1975, eventually some 3,000 coins were recovered and sold, all silver cobs, mostly Mexican, but also from Potosí and Spain. Most of the coins are thin from corrosion but with dark toning on fields to enhance details. Because it is rather early, this wreck has yielded several important rarities like the F-oD dual-assayer issue from Mexico.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

Espadarte, sunk in 1558 off the Island of Mozambique, east of Africa

Discovered in 2001 by Arqueonautas and code-named IDM002, the Espadarte was a Portuguese nau that sank in May or June of 1558 after breaking her mast and being stranded in about 9 meters of water off Mozambique Island. She was on a return trip to Portugal from India and was carrying gold and porcelains, most of which was salvaged soon after sinking but at least some of which remained on the sea-bed until our time.

Santiago, sunk in 1585 on the Bassas da India atoll between Mozambique and Madagascar

This relatively obscure wreck sank on a reef at night due to pilot error, following which the captain and crew absconded with the one useable lifeboat, leaving some 400 or more passengers to perish on the wreck. The Santiago was found again and salvaged in the late 1970s by Ernest Erich Klaar and eventually yielded thousands of silver cobs (marketed in the 1980s) of both Spain and Spanish America (particularly the mints of Seville and Mexico). This shipwreck is also numismatically notable as one of only two wrecks (along with the Atocha of 1622) to have produced the extremely rare cobs of the Panama mint.

Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1- and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico,

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Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times—than their nonsalvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to non-collectors than to serious numismatists.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, England

The East Indiaman Campen was part of a seven-ship fleet that encountered a heavy storm off the Isle of Wight in October of 1627. Seeking safety in the Solent north of the island, four of the ships attempted to navigate through the Needles rocks at the island’s westernmost tip and two of them—the Campen and the Vliegende Draecke (“Flying Dragon”)—sank nearby. Soon after, all of the latter ship’s cargo was saved, but only a couple thousand silver coins were recovered from the Campen, leaving about 8,000 coins to be found in our time. Most of these silver coins, recovered by divers beginning in June of 1979, were Dutch “lion” daalders, but they also included a few cobs, which are very rarely seen on the market today.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins. In 2008 divers with the subcontractor company Blue Water Recovery found more gold on the Santa Margarita and also a lead box stuffed full of pearls.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida

Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

“Mesuno hoard,” lost ca. 1636 in the Magdalena River near Bartolomeo de Honda, Colombia

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique

The name of this hoard comes from “El Mesuno,” the local name for a bend in the river where, in 1935, many hundreds of Bogotá cob 2 escudos were found in the riverbank. The latest of the coins, most of which did not show their peripheral dates, was 1636. No one knows how or why the hoard was lost; but it is known that Honda was where freshly struck coins from the Bogotá mint were offloaded from mules and put aboard riverboats to take the coins to Cartagena, on the Caribbean coast, where the coins were loaded onto galleons ultimately headed for Spain. Whether due to the sinking of a vessel or not, the “Mesuno Hoard” has been one of the world’s most important sources of gold cobs—basically the only source for Bogotá gold cobs of the early 1630s.

The São José was the almiranta of a fleet carrying Francisco da Gama (grandson of the famous Vasco da Gama) from Lisbon, Portugal, to his new post as Viceroy in Goa, India, when the ships were attacked at night on July 22 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet off Mozambique. Suffering from disease, the captain and crew of the São José at first tried to ground her but ended up sinking in deeper water, taking many chests of Spanish silver with her. The English and Dutch made off with some of the cargo and 100 prisoners from the São José, with hundreds more people and the bulk of the treasure lost to the sea. In 2003 the salvage company Arqueonautas located the wreck and eventually recovered just over 20,000 silver cobs (all 8 and 4 reales) from Spain, Mexico, and South America.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola

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The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered


a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

Lastdrager, sunk in 1653 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland

The Dutch East India Co. flute Lastdrager set sail for Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia) in February of 1653, during the first Anglo-Dutch war, which made passage through the English Channel unsafe. The alternate route north around the Shetland Islands proved to be equally dangerous in stormy conditions, which ultimately led to her demise. Only 26 people survived and only two chests of treasure were saved, amounting to a small portion of the total of 37,500 guilders she was carrying. Modern salvage efforts in the early 1970s yielded over 500 coins and some artifacts. The bulk of the treasure is believed to be in the still-missing stern section.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador

This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the

record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company, Seafinders, in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in 1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company, Marex, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

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Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia

Much has been written about the loss and salvage of this Dutch East India Company trading vessel (known as an East Indiaman), which some consider to be Australia’s counterpart to Florida’s 1715 Fleet in terms of availability of reasonably priced cobs for collectors. In contrast to the Spanish treasure wrecks, the Vergulde Draeck carried only a modest amount of just silver cobs (eight chests totaling 45,950 coins), mostly Mexican but also some cobs from Potosí and Spain as well as some Colombian rarities. The ship was on its way from the Netherlands to Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia) when suddenly it found itself wrecked on a reef some three miles from land in the early morning hours of April 28, 1656. Only 75 of the 193 people on board were able to reach the shore, and seven of them soon left in the ship’s pinnace to seek help in Batavia. When authorities there learned of the wreck, several attempts were made to rescue the other survivors and, more important, the eight chests of treasure, but no sign of the wreck or survivors was ever found. The wreck remained undiscovered until 1963 when spear-fishermen stumbled upon it and began to recover coins and artifacts. Subsequent salvage efforts, primarily under the supervision of the Western Australian Museum, whose certificates often accompany the coins and carry a small premium, have yielded only about half of the total coins officially recorded to be on board this ship.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida

As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck. Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain

The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one

of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiber-optic cable across the river. It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

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about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

1681 Fleet (“Portobelo wreck”), sunk in 1681 off Portobelo, Panama

The 1681 “Tierra Firme” Fleet, commanded by Juan Antonio Vicentelo de Leca y Herrara, better known as the Marqués de Brenes, left Cádiz, Spain, on January 28, 1681, and reached Cartagena, Colombia, on April 2. From there a small armada of 12 ships was sent out to assess the danger of pirates in the area, as this was the age of Henry Morgan and other privateers on the Spanish Main. Bad weather also intervened, and it was not till November that the 1681 Fleet finally left Cartagena bound for Portobelo, Panama.  As the Fleet approached Portobelo, strong winds and hard rain prevented the pilots from recognizing the land until nighttime, by which time they had passed their destination and found themselves near dangerous reefs off the Islas Naranjos. The Capitana (lead vessel), Santo Cristo de San Agustín y Nuestra Señora del Rosario, immediately anchored and signaled the rest of the fleet to anchor as well. It was too late for the merchant nao Boticaria, which struck a reef there at midnight on November 29, but gently enough that almost everyone on board was saved.  Rescue boats soon arrived. As the Boticaria stayed on the reef for three days before sinking, salvagers were able save almost everything. Meanwhile, news came in that another ship in the fleet, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, had wrecked on another reef near even farther along, off a point near a western entrance to the Chagres River known as Punta de Brujas (not to be confused with Brujas on the Pacific coast). Unlike the Boticaria, however, the 22-gun Soledad hit the reef with such force that 50 people died, including its owner, Captain Antonio de Lima. The rest of the 1681 Fleet finally reached Portobelo on December 3, still under adverse weather conditions. More casualties arose when the ship Chaperón found herself stranded at the mouth of the Chagres River and in danger of sinking due to lack of anchoring equipment and personnel. In the process of delivering assistance, a small ship known as a tartana was lost, and by the time the other rescue ships made it to the Chaperón they found that its crew had all escaped and only three boatloads of goods could be saved before the ship sank. After taking care of business in Portobelo, the ill-fated fleet returned to Cartagena on March 27, 1682, and on May 8 set sail for Havana, Cuba. That night yet another merchant ship, the Santa Teresa, captained by Don Manuel de Galarza, was lost, and several other vessels had to return to Cartagena. Then, while en route to Havana, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y San Ignacio de Loyola hit a reef just past Cape San Antonio, Cuba, and was set afire after its cargo was salvaged. Reaching Havana on June 1, the ragtag 1681 Fleet finally made it back to Spain on September 2. The various lost ships of the 1681 Fleet have been salvaged off and on in modern times. While it would seem that the location of each wreck would indicate its identity, the fact is that most sources have not been well documented, and the wrecks of pirate ships with loot from the same fleet are possible as well.

“Taj Mahal treasure,” sunk ca. 1702 off Sri Lanka

The story of the so-called “Taj Mahal treasure” is more about modern romance than historical events, for it was famously salvaged by the author Arthur C. Clarke in 1961-3, while he was living in Sri Lanka and scouting for film sites. Childhood polio had left Clarke wheelchair-bound, but he could dive, and that is just what he did when some boys told him and his associate Mike Wilson about the find on the Great Basses Reef. The adventure that ensued is well documented in Clarke’s 1964-5 books The Treasure of the Great Reef and Indian Ocean Treasure. Ten coin-clumps were recovered from this unidentified wreck, each coin a silver rupee dated AH1113 (1702 AD) from the time of Shah Aurangzeb Alamgir, the sixth and last great mogul emperor of India, and the son of Shah Jahan, who had built the Taj Mahal in mid-1600s. Two of the coin-clumps are permanently ensconced in museums—one in the Smithsonian and one in the Arthur C. Clarke archives (“Clarkives”) in Taunton, England. A third clump was recently featured on the TV show Pawn Stars. All the rest of the clumps were broken up and the coins have been marketed since 1992, when they were acquired by famous treasure hunter Carl Fismer, who then teamed up with video producer Robert Lewis Knecht to travel to Sri Lanka and record the story again from Clarke himself. Arthur C. Clarke died in 2008, but not before diving one more time with Fismer and Knecht.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa

This Dutch East Indiaman was outbound when she tried to put into Saldanha Bay to alleviate rampant scurvy on board the ship. On April 3, 1702, she hit reefs on the southwest point of Jutten Island and within hours was smashed to pieces. Only 99 of the 200 people aboard the Merestein survived. On board the Merestein were several chests of silver coins for trade in the East Indies and for which immediate salvage plans were undertaken. But Jutten Island is no easy dive, and all attempts were abandoned until modern times. The wreck was rediscovered and salvaged in the early 1970s, yielding almost exclusively Dutch silver ducatoons from the 1600s. The number of coins found in the 1970s was around 15,000 and is believed to be nowhere near all of the treasure that was lost. Thousands more coins and artifacts were recovered by the salvage company Sealit in the 1990s.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having recovered only

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

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The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as


many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland

During the War of Spanish Succession it was deemed safer to take the northern route around Scotland than to skirt French coasts in the English Channel, but in so doing the Dutch East Indiaman DeLiefde wrecked on a reef in the Out Skerries due to faulty navigation under overcast skies, leaving only one survivor to tell the tale. Prompt salvage attempts by the VOC to recover the cargo of silver and gold coins turned up nothing—looting by locals was greatly suspected. Other attempts at salvage in the 1720s and 1730s may have had some success. In 1964 DeLiefde was rediscovered and became distinguished as the first VOC wreck to be found off the British Isles in modern times, yielding upwards of 4000 coins (mostly silver “rider” ducatoons and gold ducats) in 1966-1968, many of which were sold at auction by Glendining (London) in 1969.

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada

The Feversham was on its way north with three other ships from New York to Quebec with provisions and cash to assist a British campaign against the French when all four ships sank on and around Scatarie Island off Cape Breton in a storm on October 7, 1711. About 100 people died in the disaster, while the remaining 49 survivors were able to bribe a passing French fisherman to take them to New York for 200 pounds. Apparently no one—British or French—was able to salvage anything from the wreck in its time. In 1968 the wrecksite of the Feversham was rediscovered by a group of divers led by famous Canadian salvager, Alex Storm, whose recoveries were sold privately to a “highly-reputable Canadian institution” in 1972. In the mid-1980s the Feversham was salvaged again by a new group of divers. The Feversham’s numismatic yield was small in comparison with Spanish galleon treasures, but quite important as a cross-section of coinage in circulation in New York at the time. Mostly it was Spanish American silver cobs and Massachusetts Bay Colony shillings, many of the former with rare, weight-adjustment plugs to bring them up to standard. A small group of gold cobs— almost entirely Bogotá 2 escudos, virtually identical to those from the Spanish 1715 Fleet—was found in later salvage efforts. An abundance of auctions offered these coins from 1989 through 1999.

1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715 Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent. Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time. Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still sub-leases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003). Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

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July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733-Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper. The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual free-for-all, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”-type coins of 1733.

Whydah, sunk in 1717 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts

Flagship of the notorious pirate Sam Bellamy, the Whydah sank in a storm on April 26 with the loss of all hands (including Bellamy himself ) except for two. Found in 1984 and subsequently salvaged by Barry Clifford, the Whydah is widely recognized as the first identifiable pirate ship ever to be salvaged. There is now a museum dedicated to the ship on Cape Cod that houses all the salvaged finds from the Whydah, but before that opened, various cobs (silver and gold) and other coins from the Whydah would enter the market via local dealers, who presumably got them from lucky beachcombers and from the families of people who obtained the coins long ago. Today it is nearly impossible to acquire a coin from the Whydah.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

This East Indiaman, whose Dutch name means “Castle of Hooge” (a place in modern-day Belgium), was outbound to Batavia (Jakarta) with a load of three tons of silver ingots (15 chests) plus four chests of silver coins, three of which contained nothing but Mexican cobs. Blown off course by a storm, the Slot ter Hooge wrecked on November 19 off Porto Santo Island in the Madeira Islands (northwest of Africa), to the demise of some 221 people on board (only 33 survived). More than half the treasure was salvaged over the next ten years by the famous English inventor John Lethbridge, but the rest was forgotten until our time. In 1974 the wreck was rediscovered by the well-known salvager Robert Sténuit, who recovered many silver ingots and coins, mostly Dutch ducatoons but also some Mexican 8-reales cobs.

Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off the coast of Norway

Separated from her two companion vessels in a heavy storm, the East Indiaman Akerendam foundered off the northern point of Runde Island off the west coast of Norway on March 8, with no survivors among the 200 people on board. Throughout the next several months, five of the 19 chests of coins aboard the Akerendam were recovered, and one of those five had opened up, scattering coins over the wrecksite. No more was found, and the site was forgotten until Norwegian amateur divers rediscovered it in 1972 and brought up almost 40,000 gold and silver coins, with another 16,000 or so found the next year. Ultimately the coins were split between the divers and the Norwegian and Dutch governments, and the divers’ portion was offered as a whole at auction in 1978, following which the coins were largely assembled into leather-bound promotional sets (each consisting of one Dutch gold ducat and up to 23 silver coins, generally Mexican cobs and Dutch ducatoons and minors).

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada

This French man-of-war was attempting to reach Louisburg harbor with a consignment of troops and coins for the French colony when a storm sent her onto the rocks of Cape Breton instead, killing all on board. The main wrecksite was never found until 1961, when Alex Storm spotted cannons on the seabed and led a successful salvage expedition on the site in 1965, yielding many French silver ecus and gold Louis d’ors. The Chameau has been salvaged more recently as well.

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on

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Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands

The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.


ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage on the wreck by the salvage company Sealit yielded thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but there were also a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England

Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a most unusual feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739 (by the calendar in use by the British at the time), with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace. By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

Actually a Portuguese vessel leased by the Spanish, the Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders (dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Geldermalsen (“Nanking Cargo”), sunk in 1752 in the South China Sea

Laden with 20 chests (69,760 ounces) of Spanish silver, the East Indiaman Princess Louisa fell victim to surprise currents and inaccurate charts and struck a reef and sank off Isla de Maio in the early morning hours of April 18. Forty-two of the 116 people aboard floated to safety on the nearby island, but nothing on the ship could be saved. Contemporaneous salvage never came to fruition. In 1998 and 1999 the wrecksite was located and salvaged by the Arqueonautas firm, whose finds from this wreck have been largely marketed by a Houston coin and jewelry dealer ever since, although some coins were also sold at auction in 2000-2001. Most of the coins were New World silver cobs from all the mints that were operating in the early 1700s (including rare Bogotá cobs), predominantly minors (smaller than 8 reales), in average condition, with quite a few preserved in as-found multiple-coin clusters.

The Geldermalsen was a Dutch East India Company ship returning to Amsterdam with a cargo of over 160,000 porcelains and 145 gold ingots (in addition to tea and textiles) when she hit a reef and sank on January 3, 1752. In 1985 the wreck was found by Michael Hatcher, and the salvaged material was sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam in 1986 as the famous “Nanking Cargo.”

Dodington, sunk in 1755 off Port Elizabeth, South Africa (also “Clive of India treasure”)

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

This shipwreck presents an amazing tale of survival and buried treasure, with a modern twist. Following the customary East India route, the Dodington outpaced her consorts and therefore was alone when her pilot followed an erroneous chart too closely and in the middle of the night she suddenly struck rocks and sank off present-day Bird Island off the east coast of South Africa. Of 270 people on board, 23 made it to the island, where they subsisted mostly on seagull eggs for over seven months while the ship’s carpenter crafted a rescue vessel. Meanwhile, at least a couple of the 10 chests of silver coins and the one chest of wrought silver on board the ship were recovered and buried, and the fate of each of those chests is not thoroughly known. There was also a chest of gold coins on behalf of the English military hero Lord Clive—more about that later. The survivors set off for Delagoa

More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchor-line snapped and the

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(Mozambique) and left behind an island that later became known for treasure-hunters and ghost stories. In the summer of 1977 the wreck of the Dodington was discovered by South African divers, who proceeded to bring up cannon and coins but no gold. In the early to mid-1990s the wreck was revisited by another set of divers and yielded more silver coins and a smattering of gold, but nowhere near the 653+ ounces recorded to be in the chest when it was loaded onto the Dodington in 1755. What is believed to be the actual Clive’s gold (by composition and total weight) was supposedly recovered a few years later in a different area entirely, reportedly in the wreckage of a pirate ship somewhat further along the East India route. Nobody knows why Clive’s chest of gold was not on the Dodington site. Either it was found by the survivors and buried on Bird Island to be picked up or absconded with later, or it was salvaged and taken away later in the eighteenth century. Because the link could not be proven entirely, and due to a protracted legal battle with the government of South Africa, this last group of gold coins was sold at auction in 2000 as simply the “Clive of India Treasure.” The composition of the silver-coin finds from the Dodington was mostly Mexican “pillar dollars” but with a good amount of Potosí and Lima cobs (predominantly smaller denominations) as well, mostly sea-worn and at least moderately corroded, sold through dealers and smaller auctions in the U.S. and Australia. The gold was all Portuguese/ Brazilian.

Tilbury, sunk in 1757 off Nova Scotia, Canada

In an expedition against the French fortress at Louisbourg, the Tilbury was one of four ships (in a fleet of twenty) that were carrying a total of 34 chests of silver coins when the fleet encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Cape Breton. The Tilbury and one of the non-coin-bearing ships, the smaller sloop Ferret, sank in the middle of the night on September 25, 1757. Two hundred eighty of the 400 men on board the Tilbury survived to become French prisoners; the other ship and its crew were lost without a trace. Famous diver and author Alex Storm (with Adrian Richards) located the bow section of the Tilbury in 1969 on a stretch of coastline known, appropriately enough, as “Tilbury Rocks,” where until the 1980s there was even a cannon from the wreck lying on shore for all to see. In 1986 divers Pierre LeClerc and Gilles Brisebois found what is believed to be the midsection of the ship farther offshore, and these divers recovered several hundred coins, many of which were auctioned in 1989. Most of the coins were silver pillar dollars, but there were also several silver cobs and even at least one gold cob among the finds. The missing stern section of the ship, where the bulk of the treasure was stored, is still to be found.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

After the end of the Seven Years’ War between England and France in 1759, French officers and aristocrats in Canada were sent from Quebec back to France in ships such as the Auguste. In stormy conditions and damaged by fire, the Auguste struck a sand bar on November 15 and subsequently sank in Aspy Bay off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Only seven of the 121 on board survived, and the wealth of the passengers was lost until our time. To date, well over a thousand coins of various nationalities have been found, along with many important artifacts.

La Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

An outbound French East India vessel, the Dromadaire was

carrying 154 people and a chest of silver when she went down in bad weather off San Vicente Island. Only 77 people were saved and the chest was lost until salvage by Arqueonautas in 1996, which brought a quantity of French ecus to the collector market.

Nicobar, sunk in 1783 off South Africa

One of very few famous shipwrecks of the Danish East India Company, the Nicobar was outbound to India with a load of copper plates from Sweden that were actually a form of coins, inasmuch as each one bore a date, denomination and mintmark, along with the monogram of the king or queen. Demonetized in 1771, the copper “plate money” became more like ingots, with trade value at the current rate for pure copper. But the Nicobar never reached its destination: After stopping at False Bay to replenish supplies and offload sick crew, the ship left again on July 10, 1783, and ran aground in a storm that night. The wreck was rediscovered in 1987 by local fishermen, who salvaged some 3,000 copper plates, the bulk of which were sold by Ponterio & Associates in California.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana

The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England

One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone. In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

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was soon recovered, along with a small, ornate gold box containing 13 gold coins wrapped in a newspaper dated August 6, 1809. These gold coins were sold at auction in 2008 by Stack’s in New York, who dubbed this the “Coconut wreck,” despite its earlier names (given by divers and promoters) of “Piña Colada wreck” and “Atlantic Target Expedition wreck”. The silver coins were first offered at auction by us in 2008 and 2009.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador

This wreck was discovered and salvaged by Marty Meylach in the 1970s, paving the way for future work with the government of Ecuador up until recent times. The typical yield from this wreck has been portrait (bust) 8 reales from Lima, Peru, part of the more than 2 million pesos of registered silver and gold cargo aboard the Leocadia when she departed Paita, Peru, bound for Panama in a convoy of merchant vessels. On November 16, 1800, the Leocadia struck a shoal and broke apart 100 yards from the beach at Punta Santa Elena, with a loss of over 140 lives in the disaster. Within the next year the Spanish salvaged about 90 percent of the registered treasure, leaving more than 200,000 pesos (not to mention the expected contraband) behind to tempt divers in our time. Judging from the paucity of coins from this ship on the open market, we may assume that many more are still to be found.

Tek Sing, sunk in 1822 in the South China Sea

Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

The huge Chinese junk Tek Sing (“true star”), laden with porcelain, was on her way to Java when she hit a reef and sank, to the demise of all but 198 of the approximately 1800 souls on board. In 1999 the famous salvager Michael Hatcher and his team found the Tek Sing and recovered more than 350,000 pieces of porcelain from the site. The majority of these pieces were sold in a massive auction by Nagel (Germany) on November 17-25, 2000.

Sabina, sunk in 1842 off South Africa

A Spanish vessel returning to Spain from Manila with the retired governor and his wealth, the Sabina wrecked off Cape Recife on August 8, 1842. She was located in our time by the salvage company Sealit, who recovered thousands of coins and donated them to the Port Elizabeth museum in South Africa.

An outbound British East Indiaman with a cargo of general merchandise, the Lady Burgess found herself separated from her fleet and hit a reef in the Cape Verde Islands on April 20, 1806. In the ensuing chaos, 52 of the 180 people on board the ship perished. Inasmuch as she was not a treasure ship, the Lady Burgess was not salvaged in her own time and was therefore untouched when the salvage company Arqueonautas located her remains in 1999 and recovered a modicum of Spanish silver bust-type 8 reales and British gold guineas that had been among private specie on board the ship.

Santo Andre, sunk in 1856 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

HMS Athenienne, sunk in 1806 off Sicily

The Santo Andre was a Spanish galera that sank on July 25, 1856, on Rifona Reef off Boavista Island in the Cape Verde Islands. The wrecksite was salvaged in our time by different companies beginning in 1993 and ending in 1996, yielding thousands of Spanish and French silver coins and small artifacts.

The British Naval ship Athenienne was traveling from Gibraltar to Malta when she suddenly struck the fabled “Esquerques” reef some 80 miles from Sicily (Italy) and sank on October 20, 1806. Over a hundred survivors made it to Sicily in longboats, but many more hundreds perished in the wreck. Modern salvage of the Athenienne in the 1970s produced about 4,000 Spanish colonial silver bust-type 8 reales (about 10 per cent of the total believed to be on board), of which only about 500 were more than just featureless slivers.

S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England

Sunk in a hurricane on September 12, 1857, the mail steamer Central America took with her more than 400 lives and over three tons of gold. The wreck lay undisturbed until 1986, when Tommy Thompson and his Columbus-America Discovery Group located the ship in 8500 feet of water. After 10 years of legal struggles, the salvagers were awarded about 92 percent of the treasure, with most of the rest going to insurance companies who had paid the claim when the ship sank. Widely touted as the greatest treasure ever found, the gold from the Central America has been very heavily promoted and cleverly marketed.

Along with her sister-ship Britannia, the English East Indiaman Admiral Gardner was outbound with an immense cargo (48 tons!) of copper coins for circulation in India when both ships sank in a storm on the Goodwin Sands on January 24, 1809. Ten lives were lost, as was all the cargo. The coins were recovered in modern times, literally a million of them packed in wax inside wooden barrels.

“Coconut wreck,” sunk ca. 1810 in deep water off Bermuda

“Fort Capron treasure” (Gordy-Ashley gold), sunk in 1857 off Ft. Pierce, Florida See article by John Kleeberg in our Auction #9.

This fascinating find has been touted as the deepest treasure wreck ever found, and it should hold that title for a long time! While searching in 1999 for Gus Grissom’s space capsule Liberty Bell 7 (lost in a test at sea, in which Grissom nearly died) from the Mercury program of 1961, underwater explorer Curt Newport (supported by the Discovery Channel) noticed an unidentified anomaly at a depth of 16,300 feet— not the space capsule (which was eventually found and recovered), but something interesting to be investigated later. That day came in 2001 when Michael McDowell used a pair of Russian submarines to view the wreck, whereupon they discovered the remains of a wooden trading vessel loaded with coconuts! A chest full of over 1300 silver coins

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain

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The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remote-operated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.


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Gold Cobs Mexico City, Mexico

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Philip V, assayer J (style of 1711-13), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.1. 26.94 grams.

Attractively oval flan with bold interiors (particularly the full oXMJ) but flat and sloping peripheries, clear 17 of date, minor edge-nicks, butter-yellow AU. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, Royal dies (extremely rare), from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS63.

S-M30; KM-57.2 (for type); CT-unlisted. 26.9 grams. Sharp strike with superb full shield and cross, crown, oMJ and VIII, the date and some other legend mostly visible (king’s ordinal), some edge deeply sloping (as made), also lustrous, quite a gem and an important variety as struck from Royal dies, the last specimen of which to hit the market sold in our Auction #11 for $48,875. From the 1715 Fleet (stated in the slab). Estimate: $15,000-up.

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3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, Royal-die obverse only (extremely rare), from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 61. S-M30; KM-57.2 (for type); CT-unlisted. 26.9 grams. Bright butter-yellow color, choice full shield and cross, the former very crisply

detailed and with small ornamental florets in the spaces as struck from a Royal die (Tauler #395a), flat and sloping peripheries as usual but quite rare and with bold date to boot. From the 1715 Fleet (stated in the slab), with certificates, and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 2000, with original lot-tag #800. Estimate: $10,000-up.

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, date on reverse, GRAT on obverse (rare), from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated

NGC MS 61. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-107. 27.1 grams. Choice specimen with very sharp details all over (especially the shield and cross, the former slightly doubled), full GRAT and nearly full date above the cross, well centered and with much legend rusty orange color all over. From the 1715 Fleet (stated in the slab). Estimate: $15,000-up.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

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5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, (1714)J, “GRAT� variety, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-107. 26.92 grams. Choice

full shield with telltale errors (fleurs of Burgundy underneath the fesse of Austria on the left inside the shield, denomination VIII over IIIV), full but slightly off-center cross, no peripheries (which would show GRAT where the date normally is and the date above the cross instead) but what is visible is Mint State with faint sediment. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

6. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, date/GRAT on obverse (very rare), from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for finest known in NGC census. S-M30; KM-57.2. 26.9 grams. Bold full cross, sharp and nearly full shield and crown, very clear 1714/GRAT, some peripheral flatness and sloping. From the 1715 Fleet (stated in slab), with certificate. Estimate: $10,000-up.

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7. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 62. S-M30; KM-57.2. 26.9 grams. Well

centered on a broad flan, with choice full inner details (shield and cross, oMJ and VIII), but also full crown and very bold full date, flatness and sloping just at very edge, nice orange color. From the 1715 Fleet (stated in slab). Estimate: $10,000-up.

8. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, (1714)J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2. 26.56 grams. Choice full shield with bold full oMJ and VIII, most of king’s name in legend, excellent full cross (also bold), but slightly misshapen edge as from jewelry, the details AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher plastic tag and insert-card number 1226. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

9. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos,

(1711-13)J, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census. S-M30; KM-53.1. 6.7 grams. While the 1714

specimens typically come nice and do reach as high as MS 66, the earlier designs almost never get above MS 62, so it is easy to see why this specimen is the finest known, with incredible luster and sharpness, also well centered and with full shield and cross (the former slightly doubled) and bold assayer J, and more round than most but regrettably with the entire date off the planchet. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher tag #30278. Estimate: $2,500-up.

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10. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (1714)J, from

the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 64. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-350. Almost perfectly round flan with crisply detailed full shield

and cross and oMJ, well centered, just no legend (and therefore no date) visible. From the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

11. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, 171(4)J, from the 1715 Fleet, ex-Blauvelt (Real Eight Co.) S-M30; KM-53.2;

Choice full shield and cross (typically sharply detailed), with clear 171 of date and full oMJ, the peripheries mostly flat and sloping, important pedigree to a 1977 auction of Real Eight Co. finds, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, pedigreed to the Bowers and Ruddy auction of February 1977 (Blauvelt), with original lot-tag #5180. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

CT-350. 6.78 grams.

12. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, 1707(J), from the 1715 Fleet, very rare (missing in State of Florida collection). S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-502. 3.43 grams. Very bold and 100% full date, which is unusual for any date but this one is so rare that it is missing in ANY denomination for Mexico in the State of Florida collection, the rest of the coin just typical, with partial shield and cross and crown, broad thin flan with much peripheral flatness, strange but natural rimming all around (except for a small edgesplit), AU with a hint of luster. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher tag #45042. Estimate: $3,500-up.

13. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, 17(14)J, encapsulated NGC MS 64, from the 1715 Fleet, ex-Blauvelt (Real Eight Co.). S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.3 grams. Choice but off-center full shield and cross, bold (o)MJ, lustrous and sharp, important pedigree to a 1977 auction of Real Eight finds. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Bowers and Ruddy auction of February 1977 (Blauvelt, as stated inside the slab), with original lot-tag #5233. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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Lima, Peru

14. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1703/2H, from the 1715 Fleet, very rare (unique overdate), encapsulated NGC MS 62. S-

L25a; KM-38.1; CT-13. 26.9 grams. This is an exciting coin: For starters it is lustrous Mint State and well struck, well centered (also aligned axes) and with virtually full legends, which enables the advanced researcher to study the dies carefully. The cross side is an exact match with Tauler #219, but the pillars-side die is previously unknown, either for 1702 or 1703 (of which only 2-3 of each are known, none in the State of Florida collection), with a straight-bottom crown that ended in 1703. The overdate is hard to see (NGC missed it, after all), due to minor doubling (localized to that spot only), but an overlay comparison with the “2� on the 1702 in our Auction #6 (lot 21) proves it. A unique coin like this has unlimited potential, but for comparison we would like to point out that the only other 1703 we have sold (Auction #3 lot 8, which was the highlight of the 2003 Tampa sale, where it sold for $13,250) realized $17,250 in 2008. Also note the previously cited 1702 sold for $25,300 in 2009! From the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $15,000-up.

15. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1708H, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L25a; KM-38.1; CT-18. 26.93 grams. Choice, well-centered strike with almost 100% full legends, superb eye appeal, minimal doubling, minute traces of former mounting around edge only, AU with light sediment on fields. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

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16. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1710H, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 62. S-L25a; KM-38.2; CT-21. Bold and wellcentered strike with choice full crown and pillars and cross, attractive color and faint luster, 0 of second date in legend (first year that is possible). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $15,000-up.

17. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1713/2M, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC XF 45. S-L28; CT-24. Perfectly round flan with bold full pillars-and-waves and cross, much legend despite moderate size, 71 of second date (the last digit not even part of the die) in legend, reddish sediment on fields. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

18. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1715M, very rare. S-L28; KM-38.2;

Even though the 1715 date is unknown from the 1715 Fleet, it is still a very popular date among Fleet collectors, who are hard-pressed to find available examples, this one clearly damaged from jewelry but with good full pillars-and-waves, two dates, nice full cross-lions-castles, red toning on fields. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

CT-27. 26.43 grams.

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19. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1716M, rows of dots, from the Loosdrecht (1719), encapsulated NGC sea salvaged. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-28. 26.8 grams. In

one year only—and no one knows why—the Lima mint used rows of dots instead of lines on the pillars side of its gold cobs, and additional dots and teardrops were added in other spaces around the cross, this specimen (Tauler #251) being one of the best examples we have seen, with a rare shipwreck provenance as a bonus, well centered with full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, partial second date, dark red staining on cross side, XF overall. From the Loosdrecht (1719). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

20. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1718M. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-30.

27.00 grams. Bold and well-centered pillars and cross, perfectly round but the edge damaged from mounting, VF with red-toned fields. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

21. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1733N, possibly from the 1733 Fleet (rare provenance), Tauler Plate Coin #300. S-L29; KM-38.2;

CT-48. 26.99 grams. Small,

thick and round flan with full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, 2 dates (the 733 in the legend impressively full), bright lemon-yellow color, XF or so for wear. Plate Coin in Tauler, and pedigreed to the Numismatica Ars Classica auction of November, 2000, lot #2019, and to our Auction #12 (with original lot-tag #40), with Sedwick certificate from 2001 that says “This coin has the appearance of a sea-salvage specimen, and though I cannot confirm its origin, the 1733 fleet in the Florida Keys is a logical possibility as a source.” Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

22. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1735N. S-L29; KM-38.2; CT-51.

26.33 grams. Bold full date in legend, nice full tops of pillars but cut off and doubled at the bottom, bold full cross with abrasion on high points and also around edge as formerly mounted, otherwise XF, with darkly red-toned fields. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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23. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1700H, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L25; KM-25; CT-95. 13.44 grams. Choice full shield and crown, full but

slightly doubled cross-lions-castles, high grade (AU) but with light marks on rims from mounting, still a rather example of a rare type (Charles II). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

24. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1750R, from the Luz (1752), encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census.

Lustrous and totally lacking in wear (hence the lofty grade), also with choice and well-centered pillars, the cross-lions-castles also complete but very slightly off-center and with a hint of doubling, clear assayer to right. From the Luz (1752), stated in slab. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000. S-L31; KM-A47; CT-91. 13.5 grams.

25. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1701H, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet, very rare, ex-Ullian. S-L25, KM-29, CT-129. 6.70 grams. Choice pillars-side details with bold date

(far superior to the State of Florida collection specimen, which may be the only other one known), full but off-center cross with king’s ordinal II in legend, lustrous Mint State with dark orange sediment in crevices, desirable certificate. From the Corrigans site of the 1715 Fleet, with Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Lou Ullian, and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #35. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

26. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1709M, from the 1715

Fleet, ex-”Tampa sale.” S-L28; KM-36; CT-303. 6.74 grams. Mint State with several patches of whitish coral, choice crisp details (pillars-and-waves, crown and cross-lions-castles), much full legend, not perfectly round or centered but quite nice overall, desirable pedigree. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the 2003 “Tampa sale,” with original lot-tag #219. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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27. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1716M, rows of dots, rare variety with silver-cob design on pillars side. S-L28;

KM-36; CT-310. 6.70 grams. Something must have happened at the mint in 1716, because in addition to the substitution of dots for the horizontal lines on the pillars side and the sprinkling of extra dots in the fields (see lot 19 above), somehow on the 2E only the pillars-side design was temporarily changed to the arrangement seen on silver cobs, with the date in three digits crammed in the bottom-center, flanked by assayer and mintmark (Tauler #253a), which was also tried briefly in 1710 (again on the 2E only). One of approximately three known specimens, this one shows nice full pillars-and-waves, full but off-center cross with most of king’s name and ordinal in the legend, XF with hole at top of pillars. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

28. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1717M, from the Loosdrecht (1719), encapsulated NGC AU 58, rare, Tauler Plate Coin. S-L28. Choice bold pillars, superb full cross-lions-

castles, both well centered, second date 17 in legend, traces of red toning, really a choice example all around, with a scarce provenance and nice pedigree as well. From the Loosdrecht (1719), Plate Coin #254a in the Tauler reference. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

29. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1718M, encapsulated NGC XF 45, Tauler Plate Coin.

30. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1740/39V, encapsulated NGC

AU 53, rare, Tauler Plate Coin. S-L30. Choice bold castle, mintmark, assayer and date, the last of which clearly shows an overdate (not mentioned in Tauler), weak area at top, superb full cross side, light color and lustrous all over. Plate Coin #152 in the Tauler reference. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Continuing the introduction of dots and other ornaments in 1716, this coin shows teardrops flanking the cross above the castle (four on each side), an arrangement that lasted into the 1720s. The castle, mintmark, assayer and date (doubled) are all full, just slightly off-center, while the cross on the other side is well-centered and full, with toning in crevices. Plate Coin #133 in the Tauler reference. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000. S-L28; KM-35; CT-452.

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Cartagena, Colombia 31. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1628E, mintmark RN above assayer E to right, rare. S-C7; KM-4.5; CT-

Full and typically well-detailed shield with bold denomination and RNE, nice full cross with +’s inside and dots outside the tressure (style of 1629) but clear bottom of 8 of date (the other digits as well), a few minor marks but otherwise AU, with light sediment on fields as from unidentified shipwreck salvage. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

130. 6.55 grams.

32. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1(6)32E, mintmark C above assayer E to right, rare. S-C7; KM-4.6; CT-132.

7.01 grams. Digit 6 in date is missing (reads as “132”), but clearly

the style is of 1632, with + ornaments inside and outside the tressure around the cross, which is full and choice, as is also the shield and most of the crown, bold +C-E+ to right, lustrous and high grade (Mint State), probably from a shipwreck, inexplicably overweight. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

33. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)633E, mintmark C above assayer E to right, rare. S-C7; KM-4.6; CT-136.

6.78 grams. Bold bottom half of 33 of date and bold +C+E+, good

full shield and cross, the latter with +’s inside and outside the tressure, lustrous XF. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March 1996, with original lot-tag #516. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Bogotá, Colombia

34. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer P below mintmark NR to left (1629). S-B19; KM-4.1; CT-149. 6.58 grams. Choice full shield and cross, the latter slightly off-center and of a thin early style (scarce), bold NRP to left and denomination •2• horizontally to right (Tauler #133), XF with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

35. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1635A, assayer A to left below (NR) mintmark, from the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” S-B20; KM-4.1; CT-157. 6.83 grams. Odd-shaped

flan (broad) with 100% full (but slightly doubled) shield and cross-and-tressure, bold denomination and full king’s ordinal IIII, half of 3 and tail of 5 of date visible, AU with hint of luster. From the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

36. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible (style of assayer A to left, ca. 1635), mintmark N(R) to left, from the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” S-B20; KM-4.1; CT-157. 6.77 grams. Crudely uneven flan but with nearly full cross and crown, technically AU or better. From the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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37. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)54R, assayer R to right, mintmark NR to left, from the Maravillas (1656). S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-176. 6.72 grams. Very choice full shield and cross (well centered), bold mintmark and bottom half of 4 of date, somewhat lustrous and fully wear-free Mint State. From the Maravillas (1656), with NGC tag that states the provenance and gives a grade of MS 61. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

38. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, assayer R to right, mintmark NR to left (1650s), from

the Maravillas (1656). S-B21; KM-4.1. 6.73 grams. Small, thick flan with choice and nearly full shield and cross, but little or no peripheral detail (also flat part near edge), UNC with hint of gray toning. From the Maravillas (1656), with Fisher photo-certificate #PC5-2905. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

39. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R to right, mintmark N( R) to left,

from the Maravillas (1656). S-B21; KM-4.1. 6.67 grams. Very choice full shield and cross that are both somewhat encrusted (attractive contrast), full denomination and most of crown as well, UNC with light scrape on cross. From the Maravillas (1656). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

40. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)687,

assayer sM to right, mintmark N( R) to left, very rare, ex-Lasser, Tauler Plate Coin. S-B22b; KM-14.1; CT-

Broad flan with good full shield and cross but parts of the edge crude, full crown, clear sM assayer and 687 of date, one of only three known. (Note: This was previously a discovery coin, as it rewrote the references about assayer sM, which had been attributed to José Silvestre de Soto Maldonado of 1677 only but is now known to be José Marti(nes) of 1687 only.) Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection (our Auction #1, lot 4) and Plate Coin #207 in the Tauler reference. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

150. 6.66 grams.

41. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 escudos, 1692, assayer

not visible (A to right), mintmark (NR) to left, from the Feversham (1711), encapsulated NCS genuine (with name of wreck inside slab), rare. S-B24; KM-14.1; CT-154. Choice full date, which is quite rare

to see in this period, and a rare and important provenance (touted as a cross-section of New York commerce in the early 1700s), the cross and shield full but very crudely made, with some luster. From the Feversham (1711). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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42. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)04/3, from the 1715 Fleet, rare. S-B24. 6.68 grams. Small, thick flan with choice Mint State details (nearly full shield and cross), clear date and overdate, bold A (to right of shield) that is not the assayer but part of the king’s name (Charles II posthumous). From the “North Colored Beach” site of the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #3178MO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

43. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 escudos, 1709, balls at ends of

cross, from the Feversham (1711), encapsulated NGC XF 45 (with name of wreck inside slab), rare. S-B24; KM-14.2;

CT-12. Bold 709 of date and distinctive cross (nearly full), nice full

shield, slightly doubled overall, with spots of encrustation and lots of red and black staining per its rare provenance (touted as a cross-section of New York commerce in the early 1700s). From the Feversham (1711). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

44. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)710/09, rare, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24. 6.72 grams. Bottom tips

of 71 and most of 0 of date visible (the overdate less distinct), most of cross and shield despite flat areas, full king’s ordinal II in legend, lustrous Mint State as usual. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

45. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1713, with 3 punched over “backwards” 3 (unique), from the 1715 Fleet, ex-Ullian. S-B24, KM-14.2, CT-16. 6.75 grams. Interesting and unique issue with the 3 punched over a previous 3 that was rotated 180 degrees, which makes it look backwards, in a 100% full and bold date, also lustrous Mint State, big flan with nearly full cross and shield, desirable certificate. From the Rio Mar site (Echevez’ Capitana) of the 1715 Fleet, with Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Lou Ullian, and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #51. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

46. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 escudos, Charles II posthumous, from the Feversham (1711), encapsulated NGC VF 35 (with name of wreck inside slab). S-B24; KM-14.2. Small, thick flan with bold CA- of king’s name to right of full shield, full but partially flat cross, rare provenance (touted as a cross-section of New York commerce in the early 1700s). From the Feversham (1711). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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49. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2

47. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II posthumous, from the 1715 Fleet.

Nicely octagonal flan with full shield and cross, CA- of king’s name, sharply cut edges, orangish sediment on fields, some luster (UNC). From the “Rio Mar” site of the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #39230. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.76 grams.

48. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II posthumous, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.77 grams. Lustrous Mint State with patches of gray coral but crudely doubled on both sides, out-of-round shape. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

escudos, Philip V, assayer not visible (ca. 1720), with mercury on surfaces as from the Guadalupe-Tolosa (1724). S-B24a;

KM-17.2. 6.67 grams. Fascinating coin that at first looks polished from jewelry or perhaps even gold-plated silver, but closer scrutiny reveals that the surfaces are impregnated with mercury (which dissolves gold), for which the source wrecks were known, the coin itself otherwise fairly normal, with full shield and full but doubled cross, AXF for actual wear, pedigreed to the original Goldberg auction in which the only known coins from these wrecks were sold (and at the time they were encapsulated by NGC). From the Guadalupe-Tolosa (1724), with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

50. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, no assayer (Arce, 1716-1717), rare as from the 1733 Fleet.

17.1. 6.77 grams. Good

S-B24a; KM-

full shield and cross (both slightly weak), with full king’s ordinal V in legend, patches of purplish coral encrustation on both sides, XF overall but valuable for its certified provenance. From the 1733 Fleet, with notarized transfer certificate, Marine Tech and Undersea Mining division and court documents proving this coin’s provenance. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

51. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)730S, date in

three digits, rare as from the 1733 Fleet. S-B25b; KM-17.2; CT-385. 6.74 grams. Bold full (R)EX.730. without first digit 1, full

but partially flat cross and shield, XF, somewhat crude in shape, rare provenance. From the 1733 Fleet, formerly with Artifacts Ltd. (Cayman) certificate from 1986, and pedigreed to the Santa Fe Collection (our Auction #10). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

52. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)731S, date in three digits, possibly from the 1733 Fleet. S-B25b; KM-17.2;

Roundish flan with good full shield, full but off-center cross, bold assayer S and 73 of date, XF+ with sediment in crevices. With Philip Flemming photo-certificate that says “Almost certainly a 1733 Fleet coin.” Estimate: $1,750-$2,500. CT-386. 6.74 grams.

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53. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer M to right (1732-44). S-B26; KM-17.2. 6.74 grams. Bold full cross (slightly crude), choice full shield (slightly off-center) with clear M and king’s name PHILIPVS to right, round flan, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 54. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1748S. S-B27a; KM-25; CT-174. 6.69 grams. Broad, round, Royal-like flan with crisply detailed full shield and cross-and-tressure, S to left and FS to right, bottom half of every character in the legend visible on the cross side (well centered), UNC grade but with marks around edge from mounting. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 55. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Charles II posthumous, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24. 3.36 grams. Broad flan with nice full cross and nearly full shield despite peripheral flatness, UNC with sharp edges. From the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 56. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer S, no date in design. S-B25. 3.32 grams. Interesting coin that very clearly shows reverse legend REX.HISP, with no date at all, the cross-and-tressure tiny but full and bold, also full but off-center shield with clear F mintmark to left, AXF overall. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Seville, Spain

Charles-Joanna 57. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to left, mintmark S to right. CT-58. 3.37 grams. Broad flan with full legends, full shield and cross (the latter somewhat weak), lustrous AU-.

Estimate: $800-$1,200.

58. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to right, mintmark S to left. CT-57.

3.30 grams. Choice full shield, good full crown and cross, most of legends, attractively red-toned XF+.

Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Philip II

59. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-11. 13.45 grams. AU with well-detailed full shield and cross, bold S-D, but much peripheral flatness. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

60. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-11. 13.33 grams. Nice full shield and cross with contrasting dark sediment in crevices, bold denomination, XF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

61. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-11. 13.23 grams. Very bold full shield with

much bold legend on that side (also full S-D and denomination) with contrasting toning, full cross-and-tressure, XF+. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

62. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic

D to left, both above and below mintmark. CT-62. 6.58 grams.

Broad flan with choice (well-detailed) full shield and cross-and-tressure, some legend, most of crown, AU-, interesting arrangement with two assayer-marks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

35


63. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left, no king’s ordinal in legend. CT-59. 6.66 grams. Choice full details all over (shield, cross, crown, legends), including a bold king’s name, S-D and denomination, all on a broad

flan, AU-, slightly better variety with no ordinal after the king’s name. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

64. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left. CT-60. 6.75 grams. Round, thin flan with choice full shield and cross, bold mintmark and denomination, red-toned AU. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

65. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-60. 6.76 grams. Bold S-D and denomination II flanking choice full shield, full cross-and-tressure (minor weak spots), some legend, nice round flan, AU-. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

66. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-60. 6.71 grams. Broad flan with choice full shield and cross-and-tressure (great detail), bold S-D and denomination, AU with hint of reddish toning. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 67. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-60. 6.76 grams. Bold full shield and crown and cross-and-tressure, full king’s name and clear ordinal II in the ample legend, XF+ with contrasting sediment, hairline edge-split. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 68. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-60. 6.70 grams. Mint State with perfect full shield and crown and cross, weak assayer, 100% round. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

69. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos,

Philip II, assayer Gothic D to left below mintmark. CT-60. 6.75 grams.

UNC specimen with superb full shield and cross, hint of luster, bold PHILIPPVS and S-D and denomination, contrasting encrustation in crevices. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

70. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, 1590, date to right, assayer not visible, rare. 3.13 grams. Nearly full shield and cross, the former just enough off-center to make the seldom-seen date visible (at the sacrifice of the mintmark and assayer to the left), tiny dent at edge, possibly lightly shaved. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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Philip III

71. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip III, assayer B to left below mintmark, OMNIVM in legend. CT-12. 13.34 grams. Nice full shield and cross, bold mintmark-assayer and vertical denomination IIII, AXF with contrasting red toning. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 72. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (16)18, assayer not visible (probably G). KM-48.3; CT-47. 6.67 grams. Curiously squarish flan with incomplete shield and cross due to flatness, but the crown is nice and 18 of the date is bold, grainy XF overall. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

73. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1619, assayer not visible (probably G). KM-48.3; CT-48. 6.72 grams. Full shield and cross but with very grainy texture all over (a flaw from minting), clear bottom half of date, red-toned AXF. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

74. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer G (circa 1619). KM-48.3; CT-Type 22. 6.70 grams. Bold full shield and cross, most of king’s name in legend, red-toned XF, slightly grainy, small edge-split. Estimate: $600-$900.

Philip IV

Charles II

75. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Philip IV, assayer R. KM-59.2.

76. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Charles II, assayer not vis-

27.07 grams. Impressively bold full cross with contrasting toning, full

shield and crown with bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend, clear S-R to left, solid XF with two edge-splits. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

ible. KM-61.2; CT-Type 14. 26.92 grams. Roundish flan, very crudely struck as usual for the type (much flatness and stress-cracks) but with most of shield and cross still in evidence, VF overall. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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World Gold Coins Argentina (River Plate Provinces)

77. Argentina (La Rioja), 8 escudos, 1833P, encapsulated NGC AU 53. Janson-18; KM-21. Faint red toning and underlying luster, light

mark below cannons, nice strike for this rare and popular “sunface� type, which seldom comes problem-free. Pedigreed to the UBS auction of September 2005 (lot #4385). Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

Argentina (Republic)

78. Argentina, 1 diaguita (400 pesos convertible), 1991, 400th anniversary of the founding of La Rioja. KM-Tn2; Janson-3.2 (p.

498). 24.93 grams. One-year

commemorative struck only in low-grade Proof in limited quantities (1000 pieces), fineness 0.750, this specimen with lustrous and problem-free. Estimate: $1,000-up. 79. Argentina, 5 pesos / 1 argentino, 1888, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-31; Janson-8.1. Deep orange-gold color, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $400-$600.

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38


Austria

80. Lot of 2 Austrian 100 euros, 2004, Vienna Philharmonic (each 1 oz .9999 gold). KM-3095. 62.23 grams total. Matte Mint State

(as made), no problems. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

81. Lot of 2 Austrian 100 euros, 2004, Vienna Philharmonic (each 1 oz .9999 gold). KM-3095. 62.24 grams total. Matte Mint State

(as made), no problems. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

82. Lot of 2 Austrian 100 euros, 2004, Vienna Philharmonic (each 1 oz .9999 gold). KM-3095. 62.21 grams total. Matte Mint State

(as made), no problems. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Bolivia (colonial) Busts

83. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1778PR, encapsulated NGC AU 53, extremely rare first date of series, only

known specimen graded by NGC (therefore finest). KM-59: Janson-68.1.; CT-144. A very highly sought “first date” as not only the first 8 escudos but also the first gold coin ever struck at the Potosí mint (only 1030 pieces made), by our records this example being the first to hit the market in many years. With only very few minor problems (laminations on reverse, slight weakness on bust and bagmarks in fields), this specimen is also a rather competent example for any date, with much luster to boot. If you are a serious collector of Spanish colonial coins, just ask yourself: When will you ever see a better one? Estimate: $10,000-up.

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39


84. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1779PR, rare. KM-59: Janson-68.2.; CT-145. 26.80 grams. Second-rarest (and secondissued) date in series, curiously with bust slightly (but noticeably) offset to the left, problem-free XF with red-toned legends and lamination on reverse. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

85. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1802PP. KM-81; CT-109. 26.94 grams. Lustrous Mint State, with light old scratch across

bust but no other problems, very flashy and desirable. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

86. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1807PJ. KM-81; CT-114. 26.95 grams. AU

with weak bust, minor bagmarks and rim-nicks, much luster all over. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

87. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV (non-laureate bust, large local portrait), 1791PR, encapsulated NGC VF 30, very rare. Janson-73.3.2; KM-80; CT-242. Only 170 4 escudos were made in this

year, including the even-rarer laureate bust, which is larger (but note this non-laureate bust is still larger than the standard Charles IV portrait), so it is small wonder we were unable to trace another example in any recent sales archives. We feel the NGC grade on this coin is low, as this coin compares favorably with XF’s of other types, especially since it shows full details and nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

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88. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ, rare, ex-H.S.A. (Huntington). CT-321; KM-92. 3.40 grams. Bold,

well-struck XF with toning and sediment around details, no problems, first year of a rare 3-year type, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Archer M. Huntington collection, with original tag #25688. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Bolivia (Republic)

89. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 scudo, 1855LM/J, encapsulated NGC AU details / mount removed. KM-114. Faint hairlines from cleaning, with slight bulge in top rims but certainly not “obviously” removed from a mount, centers weakly struck. Estimate: $275-$400.

90. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 scudo, 1856FJ, encapsulated NGC AU details / obv scratched. KM-114. Choice strike with full details, much

luster, fully Mint State but with scratch at top on obverse. Estimate: $275-$400.

91. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/2 scudo, 1845R, encapsulated NGC UNC details / whizzed. KM-104. Bold strike, lustrous, with bulge at top from possible mount-removal, the surfaces polished but hardly what one would usually consider “whizzed.” Estimate: $300-$450.

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Brazil (colonial) Pedro II

92. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Pedro II, 1697, encapsulated NGC MS 61, finest known in NGC census by THREE grades.

Russo-25; KM-89. Choice coin and extremely rare in this grade, lustrous and problem-free, by far the finest specimen on record, key date. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

93. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Pedro II, 1698/7, encapsulated NGC MS 61, finest known in NGC census by EIGHT grades. Russo-unl. (cf. 26); KM-

unl. (cf. 89). Extremely rare grade for this very early type, way above the next-best specimen on record, truly a superb example with full glowing mint brilliance and exceptionally sharp details (in fact worthy of an even higher number, in our opinion). The 8/7 overdate, which is not listed in Russo, is very clear but not mentioned inside the slab. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Jo達o V

94. Brazil (Minas mint), 6400 reis, Jo達o V, 1733-M, extremely rare, clipped and edge re-applied for circulation in the West

Indies. Russo-281; Gomes-132.05; KM-135. 13.23 grams. While technically a multi-year type (1727-34), really only the 1733 and 1734 exist, the

other dates being unique or unknown, with less than ten specimens known across all the dates and the whole type missing in many iconic old Brazilian collections. Specimens of either date, of which the 1733 is arguably rarer, typically sell for tens of thousands of dollars in any grade. This specimen bears the distinction of being the first known example to have had its edge trimmed down and re-done to circulate in the West Indies, barely noticeable without careful weighing; but clearly the circulation was minimal, as we would grade this coin XF/AU with traces of original luster in legends (great eye-appeal). Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $20,000-up.

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95. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Jo達o V, 1745-R, encapsulated NGC AU 55. Russo-220; KM-149. Choice specimen with beautiful luster (reminiscent of a higher grade) but slight wear on bust or possibly just light strike. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

96. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o V, 1717-RRRR, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. Russo-169; KM-102. Superb

full mint luster and no wear at all but with high points slightly flat (weak strike), faint scratch inside crown, a very flashy and attractive coin overall. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

97. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o V, 1721-BBBB, inverted reverse (rare), encapsulated NGC MS 62, finest known

in NGC census by THREE grades. Russo-67a; KM-106. Astonishing quality and eye-appeal, with prooflike, mirror surfaces and a total lack

of flaws and wear, clearly higher grade but probably conservatively assessed by NGC due to a total lack of comparable specimens, truly the most beautiful specimen of this denomination we have ever seen, and a rare variety on top of that. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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98. Brazil (Minas mint), 4000 reis, João V, 1725-MMMM, encapsulated NGC AU 55, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-241; KM-115. Extremely

rare type from the dobrão series of the Minas Gerais mint, within which only a few of this date are known. This top specimen exhibits beautiful natural “cabinet” toning, darkening toward the rims over original luster, in our opinion at least a grade higher than stated. As usual, it seems a lack of comparable specimens has sparked conservativeness, as this is one of only two listed in the current NGC census of gradable specimens, both AU 55 and our coin visibly superior. Mintage of this denomination was suspended in 1727; when it resumed in 1749 it was at a lower weight of 8.07 grams. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $15,000-up.

99. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 4000 reis, João V, 1749, encapsulated NGC AU 55. Russo-292; KM-164. One-year type struck at Lisbon for the State of Maranhao. First year of new standard, as earlier 4000 reis weighed 10.75 grams. Much luster but some minor wear or weak strike on highest points. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

100. Brazil (Bahia mint), 3200 reis, João V, 1750-B, encapsulated NGC AU 50, finest and only known specimen in NGC

census. Russo-132; KM-133. Extremely rare Bahia type, a classic rarity in the Brazilian series, virtually impossible to acquire in any condition, with probably only thee specimens known across all the potential dates (1727-1750), despite what Russo shows. In fact this type is totally absent in all important collections on record, and the present coin is the only one known to be graded (and therefore problem-free), with lovely old toning, its red hue gracing the outline of all the devices, all details sharp but with a minimum of wear, worthy for display in a museum. It should be noted also that this specific date is potentially the rarest by virtue of the fact that João V died in Lisbon on July 31, 1750, and new coins under his successor José I started the same year. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $35,000-up.

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101. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 2000 reis, João V, 1749, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-291; KM-163. One-year type struck at Lisbon for

the State of Maranhao. First year of new standard, as earlier 2000 reis weighed 5.37 grams. Choice specimen with nice luster, attractive strike, faint ripple in flan. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

102. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), João V, 1000 reis, 1749, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. Russo-290; KM-161.

One-year type struck at Lisbon for the State of Maranhao. First year of new standard, as earlier 1000 reis weighed 2.68 grams. Muted luster all over, with spots of reddish purple toning. The only higher-grade specimen is the Eliasberg coin, at MS 63, which shows a similar grade in appearance but with obvious adjustment marks and lacking the attractive red toning our coin has. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

103. Brazil (Minas mint), 400 reis, João V, 1734-M, encapsulated NGC

VF 35. Russo-255; KM-145. Also known as the quartinho, this is the smallest gold issue

of João V, a tough coin to find in undamaged condition, the present coin quite competent with only good, honest wear and no problems. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

104. Brazil (Rio mint), 400 reis, João V, 1734-R, encapsulated NGC MS 62,

finest known in NGC census, ex-Norweb. Russo-198; KM-152. Despite its diminutive

size, this one-year Rio type is an iconic piece under João V in gold. With beautiful, bright luster all around, this coin exhibits choice inner details and nice rims for about 80% of its circumference, the remaining 20% plagued with a strange mint-flaw (lacuna) that is decidedly natural and not damage. Desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the New England Collection and to the Norweb Collection (Christie’s, March 1997, lot #686), stated in the slab. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

José I 105. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, José I, 1751-R, from the “Clive of India treasure” (ca. 1755), mounted in 18K gold pendant-bezel. Russo-419; KM-172.2. 19.49 grams total. Bold AU details

but polished, with spot of red toning on reverse, plain bezel. From the “Clive of India Treasure” (ca. 1755), with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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106. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, José I, 1756-B, encapsulated NGC AU 58. Russo-386; KM-172.1. Nice strike and luster, with a

modicum of bagmarks. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

107. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, José I, 1776-B, encapsulated NGC AU 55, tied for second finest known in NGC census.

Russo-406; KM-172.1. Lustrous and attractive, especially for a Bahia mint issue, with minor bagmarks keeping it from a higher grade, desirable date for US collectors. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

108. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 4000 reis, José I, 1753, variety with IOSEPHUS and DOMINVS, encapsulated NGC AU 58. Russo-295; KM-171.1. Choice strike, beautiful luster and toning, easily Mint State to our eyes. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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109. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 4000 reis, José I, 1777, inverted reverse, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-337; KM-171.4. Last date for José I, therefore a desirable year and very difficult to find in this high-quality condition, with choice luster and red toning all over. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

110. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 2000 reis, José

I, 1752, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. Russo-302; KM-182.1.

Original mint luster and spots of toning, more like Mint State but with tops of details not fully struckthrough. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

111. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 1000 reis, José I, 1752, inverted reverse, encapsulated NGC MS 61. Russo-300a; KM-162.1.

Nice strike, muted luster but clearly no wear. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

112. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 1000 reis, José I, 1752,

normal reverse (medal alignment), encapsulated NGC AU 62. Russo-300; KM-162.1. Nice strike, muted luster but clearly no wear.

Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Maria I and Pedro III

113. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, Maria I and Pedro III, 1778-B, PORT.ALG. variety, encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines. Russo-483a; KM-199.1. Variety lacking “ET” in legend and with mintmark notoriously re-engraved from R to B, the Bahia

issues much rarer than Rio, very lustrous and wear-free, with light scratch on queen’s neck. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

114. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Maria I and Pedro III, 1778-R, encapsulated NGC AU details / surface hairlines. Russo-460; KM-199.2. Nice

strike with lustrous fields, old scratches on queen’s neck. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

115. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 4000 reis, Maria I and Pedro III, 1779, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-455; KM-210. Excellent strike and lovely luster, and somewhat rare as one of only two coins listed in the current NGC census of gradable specimens. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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Maria I

116. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Maria I (widow bust), 1788/7-R, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in

NGC census. Russo-unl. (cf. 525); KM-218.1. Choice strike except for part of rims, with eye-catching luster but too many lines in fields to make NGC Mint State, still notable as one of only two listed in the current NGC census of gradable specimens. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

117. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, Maria I (widow bust), 1789-B, modified Rio dies. Russo-506; KM-218.2. 14.10 grams. Highly lustrous and well-struck, with mintmark re-engraved from R to B and with Rio-style bust. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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118. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Maria I, 1791-R, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-529; KM-226.1. Nice

luster and strike, faint hint of toning all over. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

119. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, Maria I, 1797-B, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census by FOUR

grades. Russo-515; KM-226.2. Flawless specimen with full mint brilliance, clearly the best on record by a long shot, just a few minor bagmarks here and there. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

120. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Maria I, 1800-R, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-538; KM-226.1. A flashy, prooflike gem, dripping with luster and flawless in strike and preservation, more like MS 64 in our opinion. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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121. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 4000 reis, Maria I, 1787, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-496; KM-225.1. Unlisted variety with A of DOMINA struck slightly offset and over another letter, choice coin with deep old toning and underlying luster all over. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

João Prince Regent

122. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, João Prince Regent, 1808/7-R, encapsulated NGC UNC details / surface hairlines. Russounl. (cf. 558); KM-236.1. Unusually

fine details and mirrorlike fields (prooflike) but with a few faint hairlines (not from cleaning), so probably some sort of special issue, very flashy and attractive in any case. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

123. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, João Prince Regent, 1810-R, encapsulated NGC MS 64, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-560; KM-236.1. Nice strike and lustrous all over, with faint streak of toning, virtually perfect except for adjustment marks near reverse rim at 9 o’clock, still none finer. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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124. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1806, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-545; KM-235.1.

Choice strike and full mint luster as apparently struck from fresh dies, just parts of the rims slightly crude, better mint and date. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

125. Brazil (Bahia mint),

4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1808/6, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-

unl. (cf. 547); KM-unl. (cf. 235.1). Bright yellow color, with nice luster and sharp details (excellent eye appeal), very clear overdate that is unlisted in references and not mentioned inside the slab. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

126. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1809/8, encapsulated NGC MS 61, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-unl. (cf. 548);

Beautiful luster and no wear at all, just some weak strike to right of center (left of center on reverse), bold overdate. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

KM-235.1.

127. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1810, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for second finest known in NGC census. Russo-570; KM-

235.2. Lightly toned, highly lustrous

and perfect except for rim at top of reverse, great eye-appeal. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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128. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, João Prince Regent, 1811, dots flanking date, encapsulated NGC MS 62, second fin-

est known in NGC census. Russo-550; KM-235.1. Spectacular natural smoky toning with uniquely iridescent orange patina, one of the most beautiful 4000 reis of this period and certainly a standout in this collection. It should also be noted that this coin is one of only two listed in the current NGC census of gradable (and of course genuine) specimens. This coin must be viewed in person, as even the best digital images can’t do this amazing piece justice. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

129. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, João Prince Regent, 1811, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC

census. Russo-571; KM-235.2. Blazingly lustrous and sharply struck, the depth of strike most apparent at about 1-2 o’clock on the obverse where the planchet is slightly concave, a lovely gem all around. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

130. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, João Prince Regent, 1814, encapsulated NGC MS 62, finest and only known specimen

in NGC census. Russo-552; KM-235.1. Beautiful luster and strike, totally problem-free, conservatively graded in the absence of any comparable examples. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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131. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1815/4, encapsulated NGC MS 63, second finest known in NGC census. Russo-575a; KM-235.2. Rare overdate, nice luster and strike, just one grade away from finest at MS 64. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

132. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1816, REGENS on reverse, encapsulated NGC MS 62, finest and only known specimen in NGC census. Russo-578; KM-312. Rare and highly sought one-year type with different legends ending with PORT.

BRAS.ET.ALG on obverse and starting with PRINCEPS.REGENS on reverse, extremely rare in this grade, with superb strike and luster, light yellow color. It should be noted that, while this coin is the only one listed in the NGC census for this rare type, the Eliasberg specimen at MS 65 appears in the census as mis-attributed to the common type (REGENS on obverse). Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $5,000-up.

133. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1817, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census by

two grades. Russo-577; KM-235.2. Flawless strike and luster all over, as close to perfect as possible, popular as the last year of Brazilian colonial coinage. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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João VI

134. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, João Prince Regent, 1819, date between 6-petal flowers, encapsulated NGC UNC details / surface hairlines. Russo-583; KM-327.1. Perfect strike and highly lustrous, really no traces of hairlines visible and in our opinion strongly eligible for MS 62 or better. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

135. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, João VI, 1820, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-584; KM-327.1. Deep

yellow color and intense original luster, perfect strike. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

136. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, João VI, 1820, encapsulated NGC MS 62. Russo-584; KM-327.1. Impressive natural patina over “black gold” color type, nice luster and strike (very slightly off-center). Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

55


Brazil (Empire) Pedro I

137. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Pedro I, 1828-R, extremely rare, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. Russo-602; KM-370.1. A classic rarity of Brazilian numismatics, the Pedro I 6400 reis is an extremely rare issue, of which only

a few hundred specimens were struck in any given year from 1823 to 1828. This year (1828) was in fact among the lowest mintage of the series (650 struck) and probably the second rarest date, in any case rarer by far than the lower-mintage 1827 (637 struck), according to Russo. Today only about five genuine specimens of the 1828 are known, and it bears the distinction of being the last date issued before Pedro left for Portugal in 1831 to put his daughter Maria II onto the throne during the civil war against his brother Miguel. As this 1823-1828 issue immediately followed the famous “coronation� 6400 reis of 1822, and was struck only in very small numbers with specially polished dies to create a prooflike image, it is conceivable that all the 6400 reis of Pedro I were intended as presentation pieces and not for general circulation. It should be noted that the present coin is one of only two listed in the current NGC census of gradable (and therefore genuine) specimens. With choice bold details and flashy mint luster that are usually only found on prooflike coins, the present specimen seems undergraded to us, and we believe the AU designation is due to misinterpretation of a slight flatness of strike on the high points on the obverse, as this coin clearly shows no wear. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $20,000-up.

138. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census. Russo-594; KM-369.1. Highly lustrous, with nearly flawlessly detailed bust (just a little weakness on the reverse), a superb example of this scarce issue under the newly created Brazilian empire. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

56


Pedro II

139. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1851, large bust (“Papo de Tucano�) encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census. Russo-634.; KM-461. Superb strike with choice details everywhere, muted luster with hint of toning, only visible flaw being two tiny

marks in the hair, still the best of its kind, and there are many (currently 43 coins in the NGC census). Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

140. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1851, small bust, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census by two grades. Russo-635; KM-463. Lustrous

and well struck, just a little bagmarked, still quite exemplary as the best of 92 coins currently in the NGC census. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

57


141. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1853, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest known in NGC census by two grades. Russo-673; KM468. Flashy

luster and perfect strike, the best of 38 coins currently in the NGC census, just a few tiny bagmarks. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

142. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1853, loose beard, encapsulated NGC MS 63. Russo-673a; KM-unl. (cf. 468). Scarcer “Barba Solta” (loose beard) variety, albeit not noted inside the slab or in the census, but clearly a choice specimen, with original, orange-red, iridescent toning, perfect strike and ample luster, very minor bagmarks. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

143. Brazil, 10000 reis, Pedro II, 1851, large bust (“Papo de Tucano”), encapsulated NGC AU 58. Russo-631; KM-460. Very scarce denomination and type, rarely seen in this condition, with muted luster and minor bagmarks only. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

58


144. Brazil, 10000 reis, Pedro II, 1855, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest known in NGC census by three grades. Russo-645; KM-467. Bright and

flashy luster, perfect strike, just a few tiny bagmarks, well deserving of its lofty status in the census. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

145. Brazil, 5000 reis, Pedro II, 1856, encapsulated NGC

MS 64, finest known in NGC census. Russo-639; KM-470. Very scarce denomination and type to find in this condition, much scarcer than the 10000 and 20000 reis from the same series, which for this denomination ran for only six years (1854-59), this specimen with hints of red toning over bright original luster, minimal bagmarks. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil) 146. Brazil, 20000 reis, 1900, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census. Russo-720; KM497. Lustrous and lightly

toned, with minor bagmarks all over, from a series that began in 1889 in celebration of the four-hundredth anniversary of the discovery of Brazil. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

147. Brazil, 10000 reis, 1916, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest known in NGC census. Russo-707; KM-496. Prooflike specimen

with frosty details and mirrorlike luster on both sides, best specimen on record of a fairly low-mintage issue, of which many were melted. Pedigreed to the New England Collection. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

59


Chile (colonial) Busts

148. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1750J, from the Luz (1752). KM-3; CT-70. 27.03 grams. Typical wreck specimen with sediment

in crevices, lustrous AU with lightly buffed fields, better bust than most but with usual weakness in shield. The sediment on this coin is dark, in fact black in places, which could be evidence to support the theory that these coins were being smuggled in the powder magazine of the ship. From the Luz (1752), pedigreed to the Sotheby’s auction of March 1993, with original lot-tag #676, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #33. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

149. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, very rare variety lacking rosettes on reverse, from the Luz (1752), encapsulated NGC MS 62.

KM-unl. (cf. 3); CT-unl. (cf. 72). Somehow this eye-catching variety has escaped notice by the general reference books, but of course it does appear in Carlos Jara’s specialized catalog (p. 344), and several examples appear in the Sotheby’s auction of March 1993, with only about 10-12 known overall. This specimen is somewhat typical in showing bright luster but central areas of weak strike, with slight flan-bulge and die-crack in upper half of obverse, still probably among the best examples known of this rarity. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $5,000-up.

150. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, from the Luz (1752). KM-3; CT-72. 26.95 grams. AU with muted luster,

hint of polishing, nicer than average strike with weakness only on top of shoulder and corresponding spot in the shield on reverse. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

151. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1791DA. KM-54; CT-150. 27.01 grams. Lustrous AU with slightly weak bust, minor marks, slightly crude obverse rim (as made). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

152. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1795DA.

KM-54; CT-154. 27.00 grams. Nice red toning with underlying luster, old (minor) damage on upper part of shield, part of reverse edge crude, XF overall. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

60


153. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of

Charles III), 1798DA, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-54; CT157. Nice luster and decent strike, just a few minor (natural) laminations

on reverse. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

154. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of

Charles III), 1805FJ.

KM-54; CT-167. 26.99 grams. Bold XF with central weakness, red toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

155. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (“admiral� bust), 1811FJ, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-72; CT-116.

Exquisite luster on reverse, the obverse less lustrous but still choice, with typical minor flan-bulges flanking the bust. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

156. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1817/8FJ, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-78; CT-136

(as 7/6). Choice luster and faint toning, very bold bust with adjustment marks on head, weakly struck crown on reverse. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

61


157. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 escudos, Charles

IV (bust of Charles III), 1791DA. KM-53.; CT-428.

6.74 grams. XF with hairline flan-crack behind head, rim-nick at bottom of reverse, scarce type. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

158. Santiago, Chile, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust

of Charles IV), 1811FJ (re-punched F). KM-76.; CT-342. 3.21 grams. Bold XF with slightly crude rims (as made), light scratch behind head, scarce type. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Colombia (colonial) Busts

159. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III,

1774JS, from an unidentified shipwreck, ex-Bir. KM-50.2, CT-

AU or even UNC details but with matte fields and sediment and a few minor pecks that prove its salvage origin, which was probably either McKee’s mysterious “Pitch Barrel wreck” or the 1815 San Pedro de Alcántara off Venezuela, or possibly some other wreck off Colombia. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection and to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #82, accompanied by a Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

125. 27.01 grams.

160. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

1791SF. KM-62.2; CT-69; Restrepo-98.2. 27.03 grams. Mint State with tiny spots of red toning and underlying luster, nice strike and attractive butter-yellow gold. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

161. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1792JF.

Restrepo-98.4; KM-62.2; CT-70. 27.00 grams. Bold UNC details but cleaned

and lightly polished, nice strike, just a few minor marks. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

162. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1803JF,

encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-62.2; CT-82; Restrepo-98.26. Totally under-graded coin, as it is fully Mint State with flashy luster on both sides, nicely struck too, just a little weak on the high points, clearly mistaken for wear. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

62


163. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1819JF, no โ€ข between IN and UTROQ. Restrepo-127.32a; KM-66.1; CT-110. 27.03 grams. Broad-flan AXF with deep red toning all over, typically weak centers, no problems. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

164. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1781JJ, encapsulated NGC MS 61, finest and only known specimen in NGC census. KM-49.1; CT-559; Restrepo-61.21. Choice strike, nice luster, no problems, clearly the best example on record. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

165. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 2 escudos,

Charles III, 1788SF. KM-49.2a; CT-518; Restrepo-62.34.

6.73 grams. Mint State with flashy luster all over (at

least MS 62), the bust not as bold as it could be but with full details, minor flaw in reverse rim. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

166. Contemporary counterfeit struck in ungilded platinum of a Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1805SF, rare. Restrepo-90.23.

6.78 grams. Three known, according to Restrepo, so obviously quite rare and somewhat accepted by Colombian collectors as having numismatic value (although the date/ assayer/mint combination is unknown in genuine issues), this example with weak center on reverse but otherwise well struck and toned around details, XF overall. Estimate: $400-$600.

167. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1772JS, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-48.2; CT-671; Restre-

po-54.2. Choice strike and beautiful luster, really a perfect coin that deserves at least MS 62. Estimate: $600-$900.

63


168. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1780SF.

KM-48.2; CT-679; Restrepo-54.18. 3.36 grams. Flashy UNC with prominent

rims (broad flan), no problems, just a little weak on the bust. Estimate: $500-$750.

169. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust

of Charles IV), 1813JF. KM-64.2; CT-311; Restrepo-123.10. 3.40 grams.

Choice AU with hint of golden toning, slight flan-bulge on reverse, no problems. Estimate: $400-$600.

170. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1814JF. KM-64.2; CT-312; Restrepo-123.13. 3.33

grams. Choice XF+ with toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $400-$600.

Colombia (Republic) 171. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1823FM, encapsulated

NGC AU 55. KM-82.2; Restrepo-166.3. Lustrous but somewhat weakly struck. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Costa Rica (Central American Republic) 172. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 2

escudos, 1850JB. KM-15. 6.25 grams. Lustrous AU with parts of rim slightly crude (as made), very lightly cleaned. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

173. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 1

escudo, 1846JB, encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-14. Good strike, really more like AU 53 by today’s standards, rare type without counterstamp. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

174. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 1

escudo, 1847JB.

KM-14. 3.06 grams. XF+ with minor scratches, rare without counterstamp, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

64


Costa Rica (Republic) 175. Costa Rica, 2 escudos, 1850JB, encapsulated NGC AU 50. KM-99. First date of series, technically high grade but with typically weak strike in centers, hint of luster all over, the last digit of the date with vertical bar superimposed (looks like 1/0). Estimate: $600-$900.

176. Costa Rica, 2 escudos, 1854JB. KM-99. 6.24 grams. Lustrous AU- with typically weak centers, light scratch on shield. Estimate: $600-$900.

177. Costa Rica, 2 escudos, 1855GW. KM-99. 6.26 grams. XF with better arms than usual (the standing

woman still very weak), lightly polished but starting to re-tone. Estimate: $500-$750.

178. Costa Rica, 1/2 escudo, 1851JB, encapsulated NGC AU 53. KM-

97. Attractively red-toned, with underlying luster, much better strike than usual. Estimate: $350-$500. 179. Costa Rica, 10 pesos, 1870GW. KM-115. 14.76 grams. Lustrous AU with typically weak centers, no problems. Estimate: $750-$1,100. 180. Costa Rica, 2 pesos, 1876GW, rare. KM-122. 2.89 grams. XF details but with rough, grainy surfaces all over as from a mount, one-year issue of low mintage. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

181. Costa Rica, 20 colones, 1897, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-141. Lustrous and fully Mint State in our opinion, just a few bagmarks but not enough to prevent MS 60 at least. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

65


182. Costa Rica, 20 colones, 1899. KM-141. 15.4 grams. Bagmarked UNC (net AU), no big problems. Estimate: $600-$900. 183. Costa Rica, 10 colones, 1900, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-140. Problem-free and devoid of bagmarks, but slightly worn on

very highest points. Estimate: $350-$500.

184. Costa Rica, 2 colones, 1900, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-139. No bagmarks but also fairly lusterless, faintly red-toned.

Estimate: $250-$375.

185. Costa Rica, 2 colones, 1915, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-139. Good luster, slightly weak centers, light scratch in middle of

reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

Ecuador 186. Quito, Ecuador, 1 escudo, 1833GJ.

KM-15. 3.25 grams.

AVF with toning around legends, competent coin with honest wear. Estimate: $600-$900.

France 187. France, ecu d’or au soleil, Louis XII (1498-1515). Ciani-900; Fr-323. 3.30 grams. Butter-yellow XF+ with a few minor

spots of unevenness, typically broad flan with full details. Estimate: $500-$750.

188. France (Paris mint), double louis d’ or, Louis XVI, 1786-A. KM-592.1. 15.25 grams. Lustrous UNC with faint hairlines, tiny (old) clip in edge. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Great Britain 189. London, England, noble, Henry V (1413-1422), from an early-1400s wreck off Isle of Wight, England, mounted in 18K gold pendant-bezel. Fr-109. 16.87 grams total. Well-struck XF with full inner details, most of legends either

lost to clipping or covered by the bezel, interesting as from the sea. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

66


190. Great Britain (London), sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1862, from the Douro (1882). Sp-3852D; KM-736.1. 7.96 grams.

Typical AU-, with minor rim-flaw at bottom of reverse. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $400-$600.

191. Great Britain (London), sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1872, second reverse, from the Douro (1882). KM-752. 8.00 grams. Typical

Sp-3856A;

AU- with bagmarks and luster, no problems. From the Douro (1882), with lot-card and flyer from Spink auction of November 1996. Estimate: $400-$600.

Greece 192. Greece (struck in Paris), 20 drachmai, George I, 1884-A. KM-56. 6.44 grams. Choice

Estimate: $400-$600.

AU with muted luster, minimal bagmarks.

Guatemala (Republic / Carrera) 193. Guatemala, 16 pesos, 1869R, Carrera, encapsulated

NGC AU 58. KM-188. Lustrous fields, minor bagmarks, popular two-year type. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Iran 194. Iran, 1/2 pahlavi, SH1329 (1950), Muhammad Reza Pahlavi Shah, encapsulated NGC MS 64, very rare (key date). KM-1149. Very low mintage of only 75 coins, this one quite

choice, with brilliant luster and high relief, strong stress lines all over. Estimate: $500-$750.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (spring, 2014).

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 67


Italian States Sardinia

195. Torino, Sardinia (Italian States), 1 doppia, Vittorio

Amedeo III, 1789. KM-86. 4.43 grams. Nice AXF with hint of luster, die-crack at bottom of reverse. Estimate: $600-$900.

Vatican City

196. Vatican City (Italian States), 100 lire, Pius XI, 1929. KM-9. 8.80 grams. Lustrous Mint State with a few tiny marks. Estimate:

$400-$600.

197. Vatican City (Italian States), 100 lire, Pius XII, 1950. KM-48. 5.20 grams. Choice Mint State with matte fields, highly sought

1-year type (holy year) with KM value of $3000 in UNC. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Mexico (colonial) Busts

198. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1756MM, encapsulated NGC AU 50. KM-151; CT-44. Attractively toned with underlying luster, minor bagmarks but no worse than AU-58 by today’s standards (old holder). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

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199. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI (new bust), 1757MM. KM-152; CT-45. 27.00 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks, very choice and flashy. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

200. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III,

1784/3FM (letters facing inward). KM-unl. (cf. 156.2); CT-106. 27.00 grams. Lustrous AU with slightly weak centers, light surface hairlines in fields, scarce overdate. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

201. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1787FM (letters facing inward). KM-156.2a; CT-111. 26.88 grams.

Lightly cleaned XF with slightly weak bust, parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

202. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IIII), 1790FM. KM-

158; CT-38. 26.97 grams. Scarce one-year type, lustrous AU with very slightly weak centers, minor surface marks, no big problems. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

203. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1797FM. KM-159; CT-47. 27.04 grams. Nice AU with much luster,

minor surface hairlines, centers very slightly weak. Estimate: $1,750$2,500.

204. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1801/0FT. KM-159; CT-54. 27.08 grams. Lustrous AU- with surface

hairlines, old scratch across face, contrasting sediment around details, much luster, bold overdate. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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205. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1802FT. KM-159; CT-56. 27.03 grams. AU- with faint luster, toning around details, weak centers as usual. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

206. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1805TH. KM-159; CT-60. 26.98 grams. Lustrous Mint State with

bagmarks, center of obverse slightly weak as usual. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

207. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1807TH. KM-159; CT-63. 27.00 grams. Lightly cleaned UNC with much

luster, faint scuff in field, minor rim-bump. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

208. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (transitional “armored” bust), 1808TH.

KM-160; CT-43. 26.97 grams. XF+/AU with luster toward rims, no problems. Estimate:

$1,750-$2,500.

209. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1816JJ. KM-161; CT-56. 27.00 grams. Net AU (XF obverse with hairlines, Mint State reverse with luster), no problems. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

210. Contemporary counterfeit (made to look like a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII but with bust of Charles IV, 1819JJ) struck over a Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1849RS. 26.39 grams. Fascinating coin struck from what at

first appear to be official dies but the details don’t match (wrong bust for the date and mint), and closer inspection reveals elements of the later under-coin, particularly on the edge (reeded) and reverse, where the under-coin’s 1849 date is visible at the bottom. Almost certainly this coin was related to debasement problems at the early Republican mints of Colombia and Ecuador, inasmuch as the locals gave preference to the higher-fineness colonial gold coins, this specimen clearly circulated nevertheless (XF with weak bust). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

70


211. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 es-

cudos, Philip V (first bust), 1739MF, ex-Eliasberg, rare. KM-135; CT-245. 13.47

grams. Attractively toned XF+, nice strike, no problems. Pedigreed to the Eliasberg collection. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

212. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV, 1795FM.

KM-144; CT-215. 13.43 grams. Rose-toned XF with weak centers, old scratch in front of face. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

213. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VII (transitional “armored� bust), 1812HJ. KM-145.; CT-156. 13.53 grams. Lustrous

AU with minor surface hairlines, bold bust, weak date and crown, very scarce type. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

214. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 escudos,

Philip V (first bust), 1735MF, rare. KM-124;

XF+/AU with very lustrous fields, weak bust. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. CT-359. 6.68 grams.

215. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Philip V (first bust),

1745MF. KM-113; CT-530. 3.36 grams. Bold and well-struck XF with toning around details, no problems, scarce type. Estimate: $600-$900.

71


Mexico (Republic)

216. Durango, Mexico, 8 escudos, 1836RM. KM-383.3. 26.81

grams. Lustrous but lightly cleaned AU with traces of original luster, minor rim-nick, die-crack near rim. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

217. Guanajuato, Mexico, 8 escudos 1862YE. KM-383.7. 27.08

grams. Highly lustrous AU with faint surface hairlines. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

218. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 escudos, 1863TH. KM-383.9. 27.04

grams. Lightly polished UNC, very lustrous and well struck. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

219. Guanajuato, Mexico, 8 escudos, 1870FR. KM-383.7. 27.00

grams. XF+ with original luster, minor (natural) flaw in cap, faint rose toning. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Monaco 220. Monaco (struck in Paris), 20 francs, Charles III,

1878-A. KM-98. 6.43 grams. Lustrous AU- with bagmarks. Estimate: $400-$600.

Netherlands (United)

221. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1711, from DeLiefde (1711). KM-7.4. 3.46 grams. AU with typically rough surfaces but

traces of luster, full knight’s head. From DeLiefde (1711). Estimate: $500-$750.

222. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1725, from the Akerendam (1725). KM-7.4. 3.43 grams. Smooth fields with traces of lus-

ter, weak knight’s head and crude edge as usual, AU. From the Akerendam (1725), with Sedwick certificate from 2006. Estimate: $500-$750. 223. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1729, from the Vliegenthart (1735). KM-7.4. 3.50 grams. Fully Mint State with choice bold strike (full knight’s-head detail) and luster, slightly crude edge as usual. From the Vliegenthart (1735), with small promotional box and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $500-$750.

224. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, ducat, 1729, from the Vliegenthart (1735), in promotional holder. KM-93.2. 7” x 4” x 1-1/2” (box). Mint State with choice details and lustrous fields, typical promotional display. From the Vliegenthart (1735), housed in plastic display-holder inside box, both printed with ship name and information. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

72


Peru (colonial) Busts 225. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles III (young, “rat nose� bust), 1767JM, rare. KM-70; CT-15.

27.04 grams. Choice AU with full details, bagmarks, toning and luster in legends, obverse struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

226. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1799IJ, mount- 227. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1818JP. ed in 18K white-gold pendant-bezel. KM-101; CT-17. 33.04 grams

total. AU details but with grainy surfaces, faint adjustment marks on

KM-129.1; CT-24. 26.90 grams. XF with weak centers, nice red toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

bust and old scrape on shield, the bezel covering the rims all around. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

228. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1824G, rare one-year issue. KM-129.2; CT-4. 26.98 grams. Broad-flan XF+/AU with minor lamination flaws, slightly crude obverse rim (the reverse also off-center), lustrous fields, very nice specimen of a highly sought type. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

73


229. Lima, Peru, bust 4 escudos, Ferdi-

nand VII (small draped bust), 1813JP, encapsulated NGC AU 55, rare. KM-122;

CT-135. High luster on reverse and in obverse legend, minor natural flaw behind the bust, which is small per the two-year type (supposedly a 2R punch). Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

230. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, encapsulated NGC VF 35, very rare. KM-56.1; CT-202. Traces of luster, old holder (more like XF+ by today’s standards). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

231. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1778MJ. KM-79;

CT-607. 3.31 grams. XF with slightly weak bust, nicely red-toned fields, off-center obverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

232. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1793IJ, large local portrait. KM-89; CT-470. 3.30 grams. Scarce two-year type, the distinctive bust very well detailed, AU- with lustrous fields, edge damage at top. Estimate: $600-$900.

233. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (small draped bust), 1812JP, encapsulated NGC AU 55, rare.

KM-119; CT-282. Bold strike, light red toning all over with underlying luster, old holder (AU-58 by today’s standards), the small bust supposedly from a 1/2R punch. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

234. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (small

draped bust), 1813JP, rare. KM-119; CT-283. 3.25 grams. AUwith nice red toning and traces of luster, minor lamination flaws and dig below denomination, scarce two-year type, the small bust supposedly from a 1/2R punch. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

74


Portugal 235. Lisbon, Portugal, 6400 reis (peça), José I, 1754, from the “Clive of India Treasure” (ca. 1755). KM-240. 14.33 grams.

Typically matte AU/UNC with small part of edge bent, nicely detailed and frosty in texture. From the “Clive of India Treasure” (ca. 1755), with original Spink/Sedwick certificate #402, and pedigreed to our Summer Auction #1, with original lot-tag #31. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Spain (Castile and León) 236. Seville, Spain (Castile and León), enrique (dobla), Henry IV (1454-1474), S below cross, encapsulated NGC AU 50, rare. Cayón-1538; Fr-116. Full and bold details all over, exceptional grade for the type, beautiful specimen of the last gold coins struck in Castile and León before unification with Aragon (Ferdinand-Isabel) and the comparatively more plentiful double excelentes. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

Spain Philip V

237. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Philip V, 1733JF, rare. KM-352; CT-335. 6.73 grams. Choice XF+ with hint of luster, no problems. Estimate: $700$1,000.

Charles III

238. Seville, Spain, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1787CM. KM-409.2a; Bold AU with cloverlike banker’s mark behind shoulder, lustrous fields, bright yellow color. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

CT-262. 27.03 grams.

75


Charles IV

239. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1806FA. KM-435.1; CT-349. 6.78 grams. Highly lustrous

Mint State with very faint hairlines on obverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

Napoleonic 240. Barcelona, Spain, 20 pesetas, 1813.

KM-76;

Choice XF with minor marks, faint golden toning all over, popular short-lived type. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

CT-5. 6.73 grams.

Ferdinand VII

241. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Fer-

dinand VII, 1820GJ, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-484; CT-150. More like MS-62+ with

blazing luster all over, netted to AU-58 by NGC because of faint hairlines, really an eye-catching gem. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Ferdinand VII (de vell贸n series)

242. Madrid, Spain, bust 160 reales de vell贸n,

Ferdinand VII, 1822SR, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-565; CT-153. Brilliant luster all over, with faint

surface hairlines, wear in hair, scarce one-year type. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Isabel II

243. Madrid, Spain, 10 escudos struck in platinum, Isabel

II, 1868, with 18-68 in 6-point stars, rare. KM-636.1 (for genuine issue); CT-47. 8.34 grams. Lightly polished UNC, bright and impressive. Estimate: $500-$750.

76


Alfonso XII 244. Madrid, Spain, 25 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1882MSM, with 18-82 in 6-point stars, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-687; CT-16. Lustrous and perfectly struck, with strong

stress lines, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Sweden 245. Sweden, 20 kronor, Oscar II, 1900-EB. KM-765. 8.96 grams. Prooflike Mint State with mirror fields and frosty matte

details, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $500-$750.

Venezuela 246. Venezuela (struck in Paris), (5 venezolanos), 1875-A, one-year type. KM-Y17. 8.05 grams. Bagmarked AU with light red

toning and underlying luster. With small certificate from promoter. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

247. Venezuela, 100 bolĂ­vares, 1886, 8 and 6 apart, encapsulated NGC MS 61, tied for second finest known in NGC census. KM-Y34. Nice strike, a few bagmarks but nice golden toning all over. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

77


U.S. Coins Gold Double Eagles 248. USA (New Orleans mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1850O. KM-74.1. 33.27 grams. Bagmarked XF+ with hint of luster, no big problems, popular branch-mint issue. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

249. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1850.

KM-74.1. 33.33 grams. Lustrous AU with many bagmarks, no big prob-

lems. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

250. USA (New Orleans

mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1853-O, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1.

33.40 grams. UNC details, saltwater surfaces, nice gleaming color, underlying luster, very minor marks, popular branch-mint issue. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

251. USA (San Francisco mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1856-S, from the S.S. Central America (1857), encapsulated PCGS Certified. KM-74.1. Nice

luster, bagmarks as usual but not too much “shipwreck effect” (UNC details), hints of toning, popular provenance. From the S.S. Central America (1857). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

78


252. USA (San Francisco

mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC UNC details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. More

lustrous than most salvaged specimens (grainy surfaces), with minor blemish on cheek. From the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

253. USA (San Francisco

mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC AU details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Clearly UNC

details to our eyes, the surfaces maybe slightly more grainy and with irregular rim on reverse, hint of luster and toning. From the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

254. USA (San Francisco mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1864S. KM-A74.1. 33.39 grams. AU details, lightly polished, minimal marks. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

255. USA (Carson City mint), $20 coronet Liberty, 1875-

CC. KM-74.2. 33.42 grams. Bagmarked UNC, nice luster, popular low-mintage issue. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

79


256. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 St. Gaudens, 1907, high relief, wire rim. KM-126. 33.38 grams. Lustrous, problem-free UNC, popular experimental issue that is rare and popular but generally found in high grade. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

257. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 St. Gaudens, 1907, high relief, wire rim. KM-126. 33.39 grams. Lustrous, problem-free UNC, popular experimental issue that is rare and popular but generally found in high grade, light red toning. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

258. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 St. Gaudens, 1907, high relief, wire rim. KM-126. 33.40 grams. Lustrous, problem-free UNC, popular experimental issue that is rare and popular but generally found in high grade, butter-yellow color. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000. 80


Eagles

259. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 capped-bust Liberty, 1799, large-stars obverse. KM-30. 17.45 grams.

Lustrous AU with slightly grainy obverse and faint hairlines on reverse, also minor rim-bumps, rare and highly sought early type, especially popular as a 1700s issue. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

260. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 capped-bust Liberty, 1801. KM-30.

17.48 grams. Attractive AU with luster,

faint hairlines, bagmarks, and minor rimnicks, rare and highly sought early type. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

261. USA (Denver mint), $10 Indian,

1908-D, no motto. KM-125. 16.70 grams. Mint

State with muted luster and faint toning, old nick on neck. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

262. USA (Philadelphia mint), $10 Indian, 1910. KM-130. 16.72 grams. Lustrous Mint State, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Half Eagles 263. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 capped-bust Lib-

erty 1802/1. KM-28. 8.73 grams. AU with original, lustrous surfaces (just a few hairlines on obverse only) but old scratch on face, attractive and popular. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

81


264. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 capped-bust Liberty, 1802/1. KM-28. 8.71 grams. AU details, lightly cleaned, no big problems. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

265. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 capped-bust Lib-

erty, 1806, round 6, 7+6 stars. KM-28. 8.74 grams. AU with minor old marks, grainy surfaces. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

266. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 capped-bust Lib-

erty, 1807, bust right. KM-28. 8.71 grams. Bagmarked XF+ with luster from light cleaning. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

267. USA (Philadelphia mint), $5 capped-bust

Liberty, 1811, small 5. KM-38. 8.66 grams. Nice XF, well detailed and not overly marked. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

268. USA (Dahlonega mint), $5 coronet Liberty, 1842-D small date, encapsulated PCGS VF35 (old green label). KM-69.

Lustrous and lightly toned, and clearly high grade, with no evidence of cleaning or anything else that would prompt a “net grade� from PCGS, who evidently just had higher standards when this coin was slabbed in the late 1990s, popular southern branch mint issue. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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269. USA (Charlotte mint), $5 coronet Liberty, 1849-C. KMAU details, lightly polished, popular southern branch mint issue. Estimate: $1,500-$2,500.

69. 8.36 grams.

270. USA (California), Moffat $5 coronet Liberty, 1850. K-7a.

8.32 grams. Bold AU- with light marks, hint of luster, popular issue

from the California gold rush. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

271. USA (Charlotte mint), $5 coronet Liberty, 1850-C. KM-

UNC details, highly lustrous from cleaning, popular southern branch mint issue. Estimate: $1,500-$2,500. 69. 8.36 grams.

Three Dollars 272. USA (Philadelphia mint), $3 Indian princess, 1878.

Choice, lustrous Mint State, almost no bagmarks, faint rose color all over, popular “odd” denomination. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

KM-84. 5.03 grams.

Quarter Eagles

273. USA (Charlotte mint), $2.50 coronet Liberty, 1847-C.

Lustrous AU with faint surface hairlines, popular southern branch mint issue. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

KM-72. 4.13 grams.

274. USA (Dahlonega mint), $2.50 coronet Liberty, 1847-D, encapsulated NGC AU 53, with brockage error. KM-72. Bold strike, deeply toned around details, very nice for the grade. Curiously, on the reverse rim at about 8 o’clock there is a reverse impression of one of the obverse stars from a brockage strike (missed by NGC). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

275. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2.50 sesquicentennial, 1926.

KM-161. 4.18 grams. Mint State with light toning and luster, couple minor marks only. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Gold Dollars

276. USA (Dahlonega mint), $1 Indian princess, 1859-

277. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Louisiana Purchase /

D. KM-86. 1.66 grams. Crudely struck AU- with much luster due to cleaning, very weak edge, obverse lettering doubled. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

McKinley, 1903. KM-120. 1.68 grams. Lustrous Mint State with light toning all over, very faint traces of hairlines on part of obverse only. Estimate: $400-$600.

Silver Dollars

278. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Liberty, 1798, large eagle, pointed 9, 4 berries, encapsulated NGC VF 20. KM-32. Deeply rainbow-toned all over (lots of blue color), no big problems, just some weak strike here and there, popular early silver dollar. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

84


279. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Liberty, 1799, perfect date, small berries. KM-32. 26.70 grams. XF with gorgeous rainbow toning all over (lots of different colors), one minor rim-nick but otherwise problem-free, popular early silver dollar. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

280. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1889-CC, rare.

Key, low-mintage rarity in nice XF grade, with light rainbow toning all over (lots of blue color), catalog value of about $3000. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

KM-110. 26.52 grams.

281. USA (Carson City mint), $1 Morgan, 1893-CC, rare. KM-110. 26.65 grams. Lustrous,

lightly cleaned XF+ with minor marks (die-chatter on face), popular CC issue. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

282. USA (San Francisco mint), $1 Morgan, 1893-S, rare.

KM-110. 26.44 grams. Very low-mintage rarity in decent VF grade with light toning all over, minor marks only, catalog value of about $5000. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

283. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Morgan, 1894, rare. KM-

110. 26.66 grams. Another key-date Morgan dollar, this one in AU- with minor bagmarks and lustrous fields from light cleaning. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

85


284. USA (New Orleans mint), $1 Morgan, 1896-O. KM-110.

26.76 grams. Choice AU (NOT cleaned) with minor bagmarks only, original mint luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

285. Lot of 140 USA (West Point mint), $1 Liberty (American Eagle 1-oz bullion), 2007. KM-273. Choice BU coins, straight

from the mint, in 7 original mint rolls of 20 coins each. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Half Dollars 286. USA (Philadelphia mint),

50 cents bust half, 1817.

KM-37.

13.48 grams. Lustrous AU with hint

of toning, near-full brockage strike on both sides, faint surface hairlines. Estimate: $300-$450.

287. Lot of 3 USA seated Liberty

50c coins in conglomeration (one separated), as found, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857).

27.11 grams total. Clumps of silver coins

are typical for shipwreck finds, but this provenance is anything but typical, as it was simply a payroll lost in the surf when Major Dashiell’s launch boat from the ship William and Mary. In fact these are the first silver coins we have ever offered from this find, and as uncleaned coins in natural conglomeration they have to be considered very rare from this source. Both parts (the separate coin and the two-coin sandwich) are black and loaded with coral and oxidation, lots of white and green color, with minimal coin detail still visible. From the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). Estimate: $200-$300.

Quarter Dollars

288. USA, quarter dollar commemorative, Queen Isabella / Columbian Exposition, 1893. KM-115. 6.25

grams. Matte UNC with hairlined surfaces from cleaning, starting to re-tone, rare and popular low-mintage issue. Estimate: $400-$600.

289. USA (Philadelphia mint), quarter dollar stand-

ing Liberty, 1921, rare KM-145. 6.03 grams. Bold XF details despite grainy surfaces (salvaged?), nice toning, key date with high catalog value. Estimate: $300-$450.

86


Twenty Cents 290. USA (Carson City mint), 20 cents, 1875-CC. KM-109.

4.88 grams. Deeply toned VG, no problems, popular CC issue with high catalog value, short-lived series. Estimate: $250-$375.

291. USA (San Francisco mint), 20 cents, 1875-S, mintmark

as $. KM-109. 5.00 grams. XF+ with light toning, faint surface hairlines, popular as the only S issue within this short-lived type. Estimate: $250-$375.

Ten Cents 292. USA (Philadelphia mint), Mercury dime, 1942/1, rare overdate, encapsulated NGC

VF30. KM-140. One of half a dozen “keys” for this 30-year series, a nice “natural” example with good toning and honest wear, the overdate quite bold and obvious. Estimate: $400-$600.

Five Cents

293. USA (Philadelphia mint), copper-nickel “shield”

5 cents, 1883. KM-97. 5.00 grams. Choice Mint State with light

toning and underlying luster, dark spot to right of denomination, final date of type. Estimate: $125-$200.

294. USA (Philadelphia mint), copper-nickel “V” nickel, 1883, without “CENTS.” KM-111. 4.97 grams. Popular one-year

type in choice, problem-free Mint State, lightly toned over underlying luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

87


88


Shipwreck Ingots Gold Espadarte, sunk in 1558 off Mozambique 295. Small gold disk from the Espadarte (1558), 42.47 grams. 1” in diameter and 1/4” thick. Round, flat disk of what appears to be high-grade gold, mostly smooth but encrusted with white and purplish coral and oxidation, very coin-like and hefty. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/002/853, and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #1619. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

296. Small, cut gold piece from the Espadarte (1558), 13.74 grams. About 11/16” x 9/16” x 1/4”. Rectangular corner-cut of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit (4 escudos) and therefore of significant potential numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/002/952. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Unidentified ca.-1570 wreck off the northern coast of South America 297. Small, coin-like cut gold piece (“oro corriente”) of a Colombian “finger” bar marked with Charles I tax stamp, 42.08 grams, from an unidentified ca.-1570 wreck off the northern coast of South America. About 1” x 5/8” x 11/32”. Rectan-

gular cross-section cut of a flat “finger” bar, very important for showing the entire tax stamp, whose design of a crowned CA above a two-branch pomegranate had not been seen prior to two other specimens in our previous auction and almost certainly refers to manufacture in Colombia (Nuevo Reino de Granada), the two perpendicular cuts very neat (not broken), with much smaller cut in one corner as well, probably to regulate the piece down to about 1-1/2 escudos. Estimate: $5,000-up.

89


Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

298. Colombian cut gold “finger” bar from the Atocha (1622), 331.3 grams, 21-1/2K, marked with owner/foundry “EN

RADA” (Peña-Randa), plated in Treasure of the Atocha. 6-1/4” long, about 1” wide and 1/4” thick. Typically flat bar with five partial tax stamps (circular sections with • borders), three fineness markings (each XXI with two dots below), and one full owner/foundry mark, all nicely contrasting with toning in crevices and some black encrustation, the cut end very neatly sliced with no other clips, an impressively marked example with a very manageable amount of intrinsic value, also desirable as pedigreed to the main book about the Atocha by Duncan Mathewson. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #551 (pre-1980), and featured (before cleaning, encrusted with chain and another bar) on page C-7 of Mathewson’s book Treasure of the Atocha (1986). Estimate: $20,000-$30,000.

299. Small, cut gold “finger” ingot from the Atocha

(1622), 128.7 grams. 3” long, about 27/32” wide and 1/4” thick. Flat “thumb” of a typical “finger” bar, with three

partial tax stamps (circular sections with ��� borders) but no markings for fineness or owner/foundry, stamped “86 3” on bottom by salvagers, no encrustation but nicely toned all over. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher certificate #86A-0707-2. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

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S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina 300. Lot of gold dust in 6 separate PCGS capsules with

total weights of 1.5 grams each, from the S.S. Central America (1857). Six “pinches” of natural gold dust in official

capsules, popular promotional items but also an economical way to own gold from this important provenance without spending thousands on a twenty-dollar gold piece! From the S.S. Central America (1857) Estimate: $900-$1,350.

301. Lot of gold dust in 5 separate PCGS capsules with total weights of 1.5 grams each, from the S.S. Central America (1857). Five “pinches” of natural gold dust in official

capsules, popular promotional items but also an economical way to own gold from this important provenance without spending thousands on a twenty-dollar gold piece! From the S.S. Central America (1857) Estimate: $750-$1,100.

302. Lot of gold nuggets in 3 separate PCGS capsules with total weights of 0.6, 0.6 and 0.5 gram each, from the S.S. Central America (1857). Three sizable nuggets

(natural and irregular), each in its own promotional capsule, which offer a way to own gold from this important provenance without spending thousands on a twenty-dollar gold piece! From the S.S. Central America (1857) Estimate: $600-$900.

91


Silver “Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

303. Silver “tumbaga” bar #M-115, 7.08 lb av, from the “Tumbaga wreck” (ca. 1528). About 10” x 3-1/2” x 3/4”. A thick, rectan-

gular ingot with “sunburst” texture on top around two bold fineness markings, IV IIII with small s’s above and below for 1400 (58.3% pure) and YB13 next to S and iUB for 1500 (62.5% pure), also bold partial tax stamp, the other side of the bar very granulated and bumpy, with very neatly sliced diagonal assayer’s “bite” in corner, even silver color with some toning. From the “Tumbaga wreck” (ca. 1528), and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #1632. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 304. Large silver bar from the Atocha (1622), 79 lb 10.08 oz troy, fineness 2380/2400, Class Factor 0.8, dated 1622, Potosí

foundry. 14” x 4-1/2” x 3-1/2”. Typical large “loaf ” of silver with mostly deeply impressed markings on top, including fineness IIUCCCLXXX, manifest number DCXCIIII [sic], foundry/date Po1622, owners/shippers large T and diamond-topped AR monogram (L. de Arriola), silvermaster V (de Vreder), and two clear tax stamps (circular shield with king’s name and ordinal), also with clear double-scoop assayer’s “bite” in center, just a little corroded in places but with markings clearly worthy of Class Factor 1.0, despite what the certificate says. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #85A-S109. Estimate: $25,000-$35,000.

305. Medium silver bar from the Atocha (1622), 35 lb 4 oz troy, fineness 2340/2400, Class Factor unknown, Potosí foundry. 3-1/2” x 4-1/2” x 2”. With top dimensions about the same as the big “loaf ” bars but about half the height, this ingot is much more affordable

and manageable, still with clear markings of fineness IIUCCCXL, manifest IIIUCLXXXIIII, owners/shippers E+, R and MA monogram (a combination that somehow represents L. de Castro to F. de la Zerda), silvermaster V (de Vreder), and several tax stamps, also with small double-scoop assayer’s “bite” in center, but lacking the mark for foundry/date (hence no better than Class Factor 0.9) and lightly corroded all over. There is also a trace of a B stamp in the middle, which was singled out in Spanish Treasure Bars (Craig and Richards, 2003) as something special (but unknown), and to the right of the fineness is a clear MEX for the MEXIA assayer-mark. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #87A-1118. Estimate: $15,000-up.

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93


Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

306. Huge clump of 20+ small silver contraband “splash” ingots and one Mexican cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, 84 lb 4 oz troy, from the Concepción (1641), ex-Tiffany’s (1981). Roughly 6” x 4” x 3”. Like all Spanish galleons, the Concepción was

carrying contraband in the form of small, unmarked silver ingots, and this unique clump shows maybe a couple dozen of them, neatly piled like pancakes and frozen together by coral and encrustation, the top few lightly polished for promotional display soon after recovery in 1978, the display made even more impressive by the appearance of a single coin of the kind found by the thousands on this wreck, a nice one with full oMP and denomination. Since the modern finds from this wreck lacked any gold or artifacts to speak of, this clump is probably the most valuable item possible to own from the Concepción. From the Concepción (1641). Estimate: $10,000-up.

307. Small silver contraband “splash” ingot from the Concep-

ción (1641), 108 grams. Roughly 3” in diameter. Thin, odd-shaped puddle of silver (simply “splashed” onto the ground), with prominent flow lines on top and air-bubble pits on bottom but no markings and no appreciable corrosion, nicely toned. From the Concepción (1641). Estimate: $400-$600.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida 308. Small silver contraband “wedge” ingot from the 1715

Fleet, 324.5 grams. Roughly 2” x 1-1/2” x 1-1/2”. While the silver contraband on 1600s Spanish ships was mostly “splash”-type disks, the 1700s ships generally carried more sophisticated contraband in the form of wedges (also spikes and nails and other crafty shapes) which could fit neatly like little pie pieces in the bottom of a barrel or other cylindrical container. The present example is just about the smallest one we’ve seen, but is typical in being well molded but completely devoid of any markings, also darkly toned, very cute. From the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

94


Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off the Madeira Islands

309. Neatly formed silver ingot from the Slot ter Hooge

310. Neatly formed silver ingot from the Slot ter Hooge

cast bar with clear but tiny little markings on narrow side, one end with deep pit plugged with encrustation and diagonally sliced to adjust the weight, minimal corrosion. From the Slot ter Hooge (1724), with certificate from the salvager (Sténuit). Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

cast bar with clear but tiny little markings on broad side, one end with deep and heavily encrusted pit and very small diagonal slice to adjust the weight, minimal corrosion but some dark encrustation on side with markings. From the Slot ter Hooge (1724), with certificate from the salvager (Sténuit). Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

(1724), 1945 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Zeeland chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), cast in diagonal to bar width. 5-1/8” x 1-1/2” x 1-5/8”. Typically neatly

(1724), 1922 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Zeeland chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), cast in parallel to bar width. 5-1/2” x 1-1/2” x 1-1/8”. Typically neatly

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (spring, 2014).

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

95


Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England

311. Neatly formed silver ingot from the Rooswijk (1739), 1967 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Amsterdam chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.) and “jumping goat” assayer-mark of Otto and/or Wouter Buck. 6” x 1-1/2” x 1-1/4”. Uncorroded and very neatly cast as usual, with corners of pit end cut multiple times, the wide and deep pit containing brownish encrustation, markings on one of the broader sides very full and bold, the “jumping goat” stamp recently attributed to a known assayer by Arent Pol of the Geldmuseum in Utrecht. From the Rooswijk (1739), with salvager’s tag #RK04A0427 and certificate. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Copper Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 312. Large copper ingot from the Atocha (1622), 42 lb av. About 17” x 8” x 2”. Somewhat rectangular but typically

crude mound of pure copper (probably mined and cast in Cuba) with an attractive crust of green-white encrustation on both sides, heavy and impressive. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #86A-C095. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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Shipwreck Silver Coins “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean 313. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer P to right, mintmark M to left (oMo-oPo). Nesmith-26b type;

Dark but corrosion-free all over, with choice full inner details (AU) and nearly full legends, well centered on a round flan. With Sedwick certificate from 2007, and pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #22. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

S-M4; KM-17; CT-74. 13.52 grams.

314. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-

Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer P to left, mintmark M to right (oPo-oMo), rare. Nesmith-20 type;

S-M4; KM-11; CT-122. 6.60 grams. Nice

XF details on a round flan with nearly full legends (well centered), no corrosion, nicely toned, rare with P to left and as a smaller denomination. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

315. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left, king’s name as CHAROLVS, mounted in 14K gold pendant-bezel. Nesmith50f type; S-M5; KM-18; CT-81. 12.52 grams total. Choice

coin (AU details) with 100% full legends and inner details (also well struck), nicely toned and practically corrosion-free, mounted pillars-side out. With Sedwick certificate from 2007. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

316. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-50e;

S-M5; KM-18; CT-81. 13.68 grams. Nearly full legends and inner details despite areas of flatness (no corrosion, VF details), dark as uncleaned, very minor doubling on shield side. With Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Spanish 1554 Fleet off Padre Island, Texas 317. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna,

“Early Series,” assayer P (not visible) to right, rare. Nesmith-25 for type; A-M4; KM-11; CT-123. 2.68 grams. Bold full crowned pillars and shield, some peripheral detail despite heavy corrosion and thinning, nicely toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 318. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer R (Latin) at bottom between pillars, PLVS in rounded panel. Nesmith-6 for type; S-M1; KM-16. 11.62 grams.

Broad, round flan with full but lightly corroded details (VF overall), excellent contrast from toning, very minor doubling. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

319. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer A to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-58 type; S-M6; KM-18; CT-79. 12.90 grams. Nice full

inner details (AU), most of legends, light corrosion only, with three small edge-splits, faint toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of September 2007, with original lot-tag #1094. Estimate: $350-$500.

320. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer A to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-58; S-M6; KM-18; CT-79. 12.06 grams. Broad,

round flan with full details but lightly corroded (XF overall), well-centered strike with full legends, spotty toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

321. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-82a type; S-M9; KM-18; CT-86. 13.23 grams. Choice full pillars side (full legends), slightly off-center and darkly oxidized shield side, very light corrosion only, with contrasting toning, XF details. Estimate: $200-$300.

322. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right.

Nesmith-82; S-M9; KM-18; CT-86. 13.34 grams.

Full pillars and shield (VF details), full crown and most of legends, minimal corrosion, with contrasting toning and patch of encrustation at bottom of shield. Estimate: $200-$300.

98


M

M

99


M

M M M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

MM

M

100


M

M, MM

F

 MM

MM

M F

101

Q

MM


M 

102

Q


103


“Pewter Wreck,” sunk in the mid-1500s off Santo Domingo

323. Santo Domingo, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to left, mintmark backwards-S to left and P to right, very rare.

S-SD1; KM-29; CT-Type 72. 12.74 grams. Huge, round flan with full details (including legends), with cloverlike ornaments, motto as LV only (lacking the P and S) inside banner, all Latin lettering with backwards S’s, the legend on that side showing two iterations of IS (one from [REG] IS and the other from [H]ISPANIA), light surface corrosion but nicely toned, clearly the most solid and attractive of the 4R from this find. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254B. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

324. Santo Domingo, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to right, mintmark P to left and backwards-S to right, very rare,

Plus Vltra cover coin. S-SD1; KM-32; CT-Type 72. 12.32 grams. Broad flan with full but somewhat crude details (the legends especially bold and clear), including lions and castles transposed, cloverlike ornaments, Latin lettering, motto as P-LV-S (in addition to mintmark), king and queen’s names on both sides, nicely toned and well detailed despite light surface corrosion (especially on pillars side), small edge-split. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254A, also the cover coin on the 1st quarter 2013 issue of Plus Vltra newsletter. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

104


325. Santo Domingo, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to left, mintmark P to left and S to right, very rare. S-SD1; KM-32;

CT-Type 72. 10.17 grams. Broad,

round flan with nearly full legends and inner details despite moderate corrosion (also part of edge broken and repaired), motto as P-LVS-V, cloverlike ornaments, Latin lettering, king and queen’s names on both sides, nicely toned. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254F. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

326. Santo Domingo, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to left, mintmark S to left and P to right, very rare. S-SD1; KM-27; CT-129. 5.91

grams. Very broad, thin flan with bold full legends and crown, clear inner details, minimal corrosion but some weak spots, variety with double-clover ornaments on shield side (all Latin lettering) and triangle ornaments on pillars side (mix of Latin and Gothic lettering), motto as P-LV-S, lions and castles transposed. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254C. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

327. Santo Domingo, 2 reales,

Charles-Joanna, assayer F to right, mintmark backwards-S to left (no P), very rare. S-SD1; KM-28; CT-132. 5.16 grams.

Bold full pillars side, full but lightly corroded shield side, variety with mix of Gothic and Latin lettering, cloverlike ornaments, motto as PLV, important as lacking the P of the mintmark, nicely toned all over. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC02265. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

105


328. Santo Domingo, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to left, mintmark backwards-S to left and P to right, very rare. S-SD1; KM-28; CT-

130. 5.89 grams. Very broad flan with 100% full legends on both sides, also full crown and inner details, minimal corrosion, good toning, variety with mix of Gothic and Latin lettering, cloverlike ornaments, motto as PLV, the shield side a unique die, by our records. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254D. Estimate: $2,750-$4,000.

329. Santo Domingo, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to right, mintmark S to left and P to right, very rare. S-SD1; KM-28; CT-131. 5.17

grams. Broad flan with full but corroded

details, the pillars side doubled but attributable, with cloverlike ornaments, mix of Gothic and Latin lettering, motto as PLV, toned all over. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

330. Santo Domingo, 2 reales,

Charles-Joanna, assayer F to right, mintmark S to left and P to right, very rare. S-SD1; KM-27; CT-131. 6.00 grams.

Solid coin but with surface corrosion and flat spots, still with clear details (and unique dies, by our records) that include cloverlike ornaments, Gothic and Latin lettering, motto as P-L-V-S with the P and S outside and the L inside the pillars and the V superimposed on the right-hand pillar, king and queen’s names on both sides, good toning. With Global Marine Exploration photocertificate and media packet #PC01254E. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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331. Santo Domingo, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, no assayer (F), mintmark P to upper-left and S to upper right, extremely rare. S-SD1; KM-26; CT-unl. 2.88 grams. While

the 1/2R is considered rarer, this is actually the first 1R we have handled, and it is a very illustrative example despite the surface corrosion, for the pillars side is full and choice, with a mix of Gothic and Latin lettering, double-ringlet ornaments, motto as PL (only) with mintmark letters higher up, king and queen’s names on both sides, attractively toned all over. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254K. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

332. Santo Domingo, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, no assayer (F), mintmark P to left and S to right, extremely rare. S-SD1;

Lightly corroded all over but still with mostly readable details, showing Latin lettering, ringlet ornaments, king and queen’s name on both sides, contrasting toning. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254S. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500. KM-24; CT-189. 1.07 grams.

333. Lot of 11 Spain 1R of Ferdinand-Isabel, various mints and assayers. 2.52 to 3.09 grams each. Generally clear details (shield and yoke-and-arrows) and decent legends despite light corrosion and thinning, all nicely toned and well struck per the type, nothing rare but an interesting assortment of different mints and varieties. With Global Marine Exploration photo-certificates and media packets #PC01254G-J and L-R. Estimate: $600-$900. 107


Santiago, sunk in 1585 between Mozambique and Madagascar 334. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. S-M9; KM-18; CT-84.

12.89 grams. Superb specimen with bold AU details, nearly full legends, well struck and beautifully toned, minimal corrosion (at edge only). Estimate: $500-$750.

Unidentified ca.-1590 wreck off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico 335. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period). S-P6; KM-5.1. 23.51 grams. Typical specimen from this wreck

with good interior details but edges “nibbled” by corrosion, also somewhat silvery and with raised patch of coral near center of reverse. Estimate: $150-$225.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

336. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III,

337. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

denomination 8, moderate surface corrosion and edge-splits, deeply toned all over. With photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #96. Estimate: $150-$225.

oMF, king’s ordinal III and full GRATIA in legend, nice full shield and decent full cross, some moderate corrosion but contrasting toning. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

assayer F. 19.80 grams. Good full shield and cross, clear oMF and

F. S-M12a; KM-44.1; CT-97. 18.63 grams. Choice specimen with bold full

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“Wild Horse River Wreck,” sunk ca. 1620 in the Rio de la Plata off Uruguay 338. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved-leg), rare provenance. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.61 grams.

Very choice specimen with no corrosion at all (AXF), perfect full shield and cross, good toning, and desirable as one of very few coins found on this wreck. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #231. Estimate: $250-up.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 in the Dry Tortugas off Florida 339. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer

D. S-M18; KM-37.2. 10.83 grams. Much flatness and part of edge worn away from corrosion but still one of the better coins from this relatively small find, with clear oMD and most of shield and cross. With Seahawk certificate #91-1A-2507.0063. Estimate: $150-$225.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Mexico

340. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)20D, Grade 2. S-M18; KM-44.3; CT-117. 24.13 grams. Clear

20 of date (rare thus), good full cross and nearly full shield, fat barrel shape, moderate surface corrosion all over. With original Fisher certificate without photo and Grade, and with Fisher/Sinclair photo-certificate #181431. Estimate: $500-$750.

341. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)21D, Grade

2.

S-M18; KM-44.3; CT-120. 21.90 grams. Clear 21 of date (rare thus) and oMD, most of cross and shield, moderate corrosion and flatness (broad flan), more toned than most. With Fisher certificate #208183. Estimate: $400-$600.

342. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, Grade 1. 26.74 grams. Unusually round and solid flan (minimal corrosion, on part of edge only), with good but incomplete shield and cross due to peripheral flatness, nicely toned. With Fisher/ Sinclair certificate #105773. Estimate: $500-$750.

109


343. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)21D, Grade 1.

S-M18. 12.58 grams. Bold oMD and clear 21 of date (rare thus), most of

shield and cross despite flatness, very light corrosion only, good toning. With Fisher certificate #105081. Estimate: $600-$900.

Lima 344. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 (round top) to left, P-oD to right, Grade 3. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 19.69 grams. Good full cross, full but weaker shield, bold

*-8 to left, moderate surface corrosion all over, brownish toning. With Fisher certificate #237110. Estimate: $350-$500.

Potosí 8R

345. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer B (5th 346. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R period), rare with king’s ordinal visible, Grade 1. S-P14. 26.65 grams. Choice, corrosion-free specimen with full shield and cross,

bold assayer and denomination, contrastingly toned fields, same style as most 5th-period B’s but with ordinal III (weakly) visible in legend, which most specimens lack and therefore are considered Philip II. With Fisher certificate #262999. Estimate: $600-$900.

(curved leg), Grade 1, with original tag but certificate missing. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 25.92 grams. Bold denomination and king’s ordinal III in legend, full but crude shield and cross, minimal corrosion (very solid). With Fisher tag #104510. Estimate: $300-$450.

347. Promotional 375th anniversary

presentation set consisting of one Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade 1, plus a 2-oz gold-plated silver plaque (rectangular) and 8-oz silver (proof ) medal, all housed in a large, black leatherette case (limited edition #331 of 375 made). S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 23.87 grams,

the set 11-1/2” x 9-1/2” x 2-1/2”. Rare as a complete set, the medal and plaque made from genuine Atocha silver, and the coin fairly decent with nice full shield and cross, bold assayer, corroded only on parts of edge. With brochures and Fisher photocertificate #85A-TM519, the plaque engraved with 331/375 and the medal with 331 stamped on edge. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

110


348. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M, castles rotated 90

degrees clockwise, choice Grade 1, ex-Bir. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129.

26.51 grams. Superb full inner details (shield and cross) AND bold

assayer and date (full ANO 1617), also king’s ordinal III in legend, striking castles error, excellent toning around details, truly one of the best specimens we have ever seen from this popular wreck. With Fisher certificate #262284 and pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection and our Auction 7, with original lot-tag #189 and Mark Bir tag with sticker price of “$2,000.00 NET.” Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

351. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(17)M, Grade 1. S-P19;

KM-10; CT-129. 26.40 grams. Broad, corrosion-free flan with full but partially weak cross and shield and crown, bold (A)NO.1(617), light orange toning on fields. With Fisher/Sinclair certificate #209256. Estimate: $500-$750.

352. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(17)M, Grade 2, with original tag but certificate missing.

S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 21.34 grams. Bold full ANODE16 in legend, bold full shield, full cross, light

349. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M, denomination as

to moderate corrosion, with small part of edge lost. With Fisher tag #145952. Estimate: $300-$450.

O-III-V (rare), Grade 1. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 24.66 grams. Broad,

round flan with full shield and cross, bold 17 of date, clear P-M (small), tan-toned and mostly corrosion-free but some flat spots. With Fisher certificate #186689. Estimate: $600-$900.

353. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618PAL, Grade 1, rare.

350. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)617M (date at 8

o’clock), denomination as O-V-III (rare), Grade 1. S-P19; KM-

S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 26.39 grams. Thick, round flan with choice full shield and cross, clear date, nice toning, light surface corrosion. With Fisher/Sinclair photo-certificate #CH4-23-40196 (water-damaged in hurricane but intact). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Good full shield and cross (slightly doubled), the former with clear P-M to left and error denomination to right, lightly tan-toned, no corrosion. With Fisher certificate #158699, housed in brown folio with 2012 appraisal letter. Estimate: $500-$750.

10; CT-129. 26.09 grams.

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Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


354. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, (1)61(8)T/PAL, rare, Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. S-P21; KM-10; CT-131. 23.15 grams. Oddly squarish flan due to corrosion loss on edge,

with bold full T/PAL and shield and cross, lightly toned. With Fisher certificate #237536. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

355. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618T, upper half of shield transposed (rare), Grade 2. S-P21; KM-10. 25.89 grams. Full 4-digit

date, choice full shield and cross, nearly full crown, full denomination, nicely toned, light surface corrosion on obverse only, desirable certificate. With Fisher certificate #171985 hand-inscribed by Mel Fisher: “Today’s the Day!” Estimate: $500-$750.

357. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, (16)19(T), Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10; CT-133. 26.71 grams. Clear date, full but crudely

struck shield and cross, thick and solid flan (no corrosion), nicely toned. With Fisher certificate #263834. Estimate: $500-$750.

358. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, “16221” date (1621), as-

sayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10.

22.59 grams. Bold date with clear extra 2 (double-struck), most of cross, nice full shield with clear P+T, corrosion near edge only, toned all over. With Fisher certificate #118019. Estimate: $600-$900.

359. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621T, quadrants of cross 356. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618T, upper half of shield transposed, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-10. 23.48 grams. Bold 162 and certain

transposed, Grade-2 quality but no Grade on certificate. S-P21;

KM-10. 22.38 grams. Full 4-digit date, bold full P+T, full shield and cross

but the latter truncated somewhat by moderate corrosion on edge, lightly toned. With Fisher certificate #104127. Estimate: $500-$750.

final 1 of date, bold denomination, good full shield, nearly full cross, light toning, moderate corrosion at edge only. With Fisher certificate #267056. Estimate: $400-$600.

360. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)621(T), quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 3. S-P21; KM-10. 21.77 grams. Clear date and

upper-left quadrant of cross (lion) but rest of coin heavily corroded (still solid). With Fisher photo-certificate #116689. Estimate: $300-$450.

112


361. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, 364. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not

backwards mintmark, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. 26.41 grams. Choice

specimen with great full cross-lions-castles, full and smaller than normal shield with bold denomination to right and “q+T” to left, minimal surface corrosion. With Fisher photo-certificate #267618. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

visible, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. KM-10. 26.63

grams. Nice full shield and cross (both slightly doubled), full denomination, typically silvery and lightly corroded all over. With Fisher photocertificate #153981. Estimate: $400-$600.

362. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, castles 365. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visrotated 90 degrees counterclockwise (rare), Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. S-P21; KM-10. 24.04 grams. Tiny mintmark

(probably a 2R punch), choice full shield and cross, the latter with striking error (could be quadrants transposed with lions rotated 90 degrees clockwise, but no way to know without any legend visible), solid and lightly toned, corrosion on part of edge only. With Fisher certificate #145871. Estimate: $600-$900.

ible, Grade-1 quality, with original tag but certificate missing.

KM-10. 26.72 grams. Nice full cross, full shield and crown with very light

surface corrosion, bold denomination, very solid coin. With Fisher tag #210765. Estimate: $300-$450.

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

363. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not vis-

ible, upper half of shield and quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. KM-10. 26.39 grams. Superb full shield and cross-lions-castles,

bold denomination, nice toning, practically corrosion-free. With Fisher photo-certificate #231158. Estimate: $400-$600.

113

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325


Potosí 8R group-lots

366. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers Q, T or not visible, some with partial dates, all Grade 1. KM-

10. 129.64 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses, some toned, all but one with assayers visible, light corrosion only. With Fisher certificates #161664, 187305, 205313, 262582 and 263073. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

367. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers R (curved leg), M, T or not visible, some with partial dates, all Grade 1 except for one Grade 2. KM-10. 130.18 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses, some toned, all but one with assayers visible, light corrosion only. With Fisher or Fisher/Sinclair certificates #121028, 196827, 215979, 219677 and 261348. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

114


368. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers Q, M, T or not visible, most Grade-1 quality but all Grade

2 on certificates. KM-10. 125.59 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses, some toned, all but one with assayers visible, light corrosion only except for one coin whose edge is worn away. With Fisher certificates #107054, 155076, 156320, 180879 and 203837. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Potosí 4R

369. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer A/A/B 370. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer A, Grade (rare), Grade 1, Research Collection Plate Coin #116. S-P11;

KM-4.2; CT-345. 13.41 grams. Superb

and intricately detailed full shield and cross-lions-castles, full P-A with clear over-assayer A/A/B (not noted in the Research Collection description), minimal corrosion, attractively toned around details. Pedigreed to the Atocha Research Collection, with copy of McKinney/Christie’s catalog and Fisher photocertificate #237396, also with Duncan Mathewson appraisal that gives the Grade. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (spring, 2014).

1. S-P11; KM-4.2; CT-346. 12.69 grams. Round flan with bold P-A, full and well-detailed shield and cross despite weak spots, much legend, minimal corrosion, scarce and desirable early issue. With Fisher certificate #TM1372. Estimate: $500-$750.

371. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q,

quadrants of cross transposed (rare for this assayer), Grade 1. S-P17; KM-9; CT-243. 13.14 grams. Bold full cross and shield, full P-Q,

minimal surface corrosion, elegant toning all over. With Fisher/Sinclair certificate #185693. Estimate: $600-$900.

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372. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1617M, Grade 1. S-P19; KM-9; CT-245. 11.63 grams. Bold full 16 and 7 of date, full P•M, good full shield and cross (the former slightly doubled and the latter lightly corroded, as is part of the edge). With Fisher/Miguel photo-certificate #H1961. Estimate: $600-$900. 373. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)618PAL, Grade 1, rare. S-P20; KM-9. 13.21 grams. Bold P-PAL next to full shield under full

crown, full but weaker cross with clear 18 of date, very little corrosion but weak in centers. With Fisher/Sinclair certificate #237150. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

374. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade-1 quality, with original tag but certificate missing. S-P21; KM-9. 13.41 grams. Good full cross, full but off-center shield, light surface corrosion only. With Fisher tag #160625. Estimate: $350-$500.

375. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 3. KM-9. 9.54 grams. Full shield, full but off-center cross, both well detailed despite moderate surface corrosion,

bold ANODI in legend. With Fisher certificate #133579, and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1994, with original lot-tag #1395. Estimate: $200-$300.

Potosí 2R

376. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period), borders of x’s, Grade 1. S-P14. 6.85 grams. Choice, full and well-

centered cross, full but off-center shield and crown, minimal corrosion, toned on fields. With Fisher certificate #128085. Estimate: $600-$900.

377. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade-1 quality, with original tag but certificate missing. S-P17; KM-8; CT-353. 6.15 grams. Full

cross and shield, the latter lightly corroded, clear P-Q. With Fisher tag #151457. Estimate: $400-$600.

378. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1617M/C (unique over-assayer), Grade 1. S-P19. 6.48 grams. Good full shield with bold P-M, the M/C somewhat unusual but clear nonetheless, slightly off-center full cross with clear ANO 161 in legend, very light surface corrosion only. With Fisher certificate #131773. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

379. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1617M, choice Grade 1, original tag and certificate missing. S-P19;

KM-8; CT-356. 6.51 grams. Very big flan of interesting shape, with very bold full date, nice full shield and nearly full cross (both slightly off-center), minimal corrosion, contrastingly toned fields. Estimate: $500-$750.

380. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1618PAL, Grade 1, rare. S-P20; KM-8. 6.66 grams. Bold full date,

clear P-RL (small), denomination O-ii, nice full shield and cross-lions-castles, no corrosion at all. With Fisher/Sinclair photo-certificate #CH4-21-41216. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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381. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 16(18)T/PL, denomination o-\\, Grade 2, very rare. S-P21; KM-8. 5.90 grams. Very bold

and clear P-T/RL (small), also bold shield, denomination O-ii and legend (AN)O D 16(18) despite moderate surface corrosion, the cross full as well but with some flat areas. With Fisher certificate #191268. Estimate: $600-$900.

382. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer T, backwards G in legend, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-8. 6.32 grams. Very choice full

shield and denomination Z and mintmark-assayer P-T, full but lightly corroded cross, nice toning. With original Fisher certificate #221832. Estimate: $400-$600.

Cartagena

383. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, (162)2A, assayer A to right, mintmark RN to left, pomegranate in shield, Grade

1, very rare. Restrepo-M42.1; S-C2; KM-3.2. 25.83 grams. Superb full crown and shield (flat at bottom), 100% full and well-detailed (but doublestruck) cross-and-tressure, bold mintmark RN and most of king’s ordinal IIII, clear bottom of last digit of date, wonderfully toned and AU grade, amazingly uncorroded, with just a few minor edge-flaws (as made). With Fisher certificate #109159, and pedigreed to our Auction 12, with original lot-tag #1184. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

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Bogotá

384. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 4 reales, (1622A), mintmark S to left, Grade-1 quality but no Grade on certificate, extremely rare, Plate Coin in The Practical Book of Cobs. S-B1; KM-2.1; CT-759; Restrepo-M33.1. 13.42 grams. This is the highly sought and seldom

seen first issue of Colombia, with bold mintmark S and king’s ordinal IIII to left of well-detailed shield (about 75% visible) below choice full crown, the other side of the shield where the assayer would appear (and the corresponding area on the cross side) unfortunately flat, the cross almost full and very well detailed, practically corrosion-free and with light rainbow toning, even with some original luster in the fields. With Fisher certificate #236040, plated on page 130 of the 4th edition of The Practical Book of Cobs (2007). Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

385. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer D, Grade-1 quality but Grade 4 on certificate. S-M18. 25.67 grams.

Very solid flan with light surface corrosion only, bold full shield and cross, clear oMD and denomination 8, darkly contrasting toning on fields. With Fisher certificate #137628. Estimate: $350-$500.

387. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

1. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 25.52 grams. Choice full shield and cross, solid flan with practically no corrosion except at edge, small edge-splits, nice toning. With Fisher photo-certificate #M82-11332 (replacement copy). Estimate: $400-$600.

388. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not 386. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)61(7)M, Grade 1. S-P19; visible, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 2. KM-10. 20.32 KM-10; CT-129. 26.32 grams. Solid and uncorroded but somewhat worn,

with full but partially flat shield and cross, streaks of golden toning. With Fisher photo-certificate #7340. Estimate: $500-$750.

grams. Good cross and shield despite heavy edge corrosion, the “leading edges” of which are darkly toned. With Fisher photo-certificate #8207 (replacement copy). Estimate: $300-$450.

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389. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), Grade 1. S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 8.94 grams. Good full shield and cross enhanced by contrasting toning, clear assayer, light corrosion around edge and on cross. With Fisher certificate #158699. Estimate: $350-$500. 390. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-9. 12.88 grams. Full but lightly corroded shield and cross, the former with dark patch of toning, bold assayer to left. With Fisher photo-certificate #8856 (replacement copy). Estimate: $350-$500. 391. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-9. 11.86 grams. Good full shield and cross, the former with light to moderate surface corrosion, nice toning all over. With Fisher photo-certificate #2274. Estimate: $300-$450.

392. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not vis- 393. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

ible, Grade 2. KM-9. 11.16 grams. Roundish flan with nearly full shield and cross (the latter off-center), light to moderate surface corrosion, nice toning all over. With Fisher photo-certificate #3670 (replacement copy). Estimate: $300-$450.

2. S-P17; KM-8; CT-353. 5.93 grams. Round flan with full but very weakly struck shield and cross, full denomination ii and most of king’s name, corroded only on edge, patchy toning. With Fisher photo-certificate #4993. Estimate: $300-$450.

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São José History In March 1622, a fleet of ships including the São José hastily departed Lisbon with an urgent mission. Bound for Goa, the capital of Portugal’s enormous overseas empire, the fleet carried Francisco da Gama, whose great grandfather, the legendary Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, was the first European to set foot in India via sea route. When the elder da Gama discovered Goa in 1498 it was the largest trading center on India’s western coast and would become Portugal's most important possession in its quest to control the spice trade. Now over a century later, da Gama’s great grandson was returning to Goa to reign as the Viceroy of India under the unified Spanish and Portuguese crown. Representation of a 17th century carrack

The small Portuguese fleet, including its Almiranta, the São José, left the country in a hurry following reports that the British planned to take Hormuz, a Portuguese-occupied island ideally situated in the narrow strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. This strategic waterway served as the gateway of the spice trade to Arabia and the Levant and was the only sea route through the Persian Gulf to India. En route to Goa, the Portuguese fleet had plans to block the British aggression and deter the loss of this critical outpost. The São José was a “carrack,” an immense sailing vessel distinguished by her huge stern castle towering high above the sea. Armed with brass cannon, she was typical of Portuguese ships sailing to the Far East, transporting ballast, passengers and the annual consignment of money to support trade with the East and Portuguese outposts along the trade routes. The São José was indeed carrying an impressive cargo, the legendary silver treasure of Philip III, King of Portugal, handed over to Francisco da Gama on his way to India. The shipment included nine chests filled with thousands of silver reales coins produced in both the Old and New World mints. The passengers aboard the São José ranged from nobility to “orphans of the king.” The large vessel demanded a big crew which was comprised mostly of ex-convicts and the “low class.” In need of ablebodied man, Portugal was scraping the bottom of the human barrel to operate its many ships and offices of the empire. After the São José and her fleet rounded the Cape of Good Hope, she proceeded up the well-traveled route along the East African coast into the Strait of Madagascar. The evening of 22 July, 1622, as the vessel sailed up the Mozambique Channel, a combined fleet of Dutch and British ships of the East India Company attacked the Portuguese flotilla. Trailing behind the others, the São José was cut off from the rest of the fleet and surrounded by the enemy which allegedly fired more shots into the embattled vessel than ever before recorded in a single-ship attack in the Indian Ocean. As fighting took place, the ship’s captain, senior officers and others had fallen ill and the commanding officer and pilot were killed.

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Despite damage to her sails and spars, the São José remained afloat and navigable by late 23 July. The carrack attempted to escape the opposing fleet by sailing away from battle—a rare act in Portuguese naval warfare at the time. Fleeing toward the African coast, the great ship ran into a shoal that tore off her rudder. Now drifting at the mercy of wind and wave, failed attempts were made to control the enormous vessel. Anchors were dropped in vain and cannon thrown overboard to lighten the ship. Despite these heroic efforts, the São José met her demise grounded on a reef off the Mozambique coast, victim to final assault by the Anglo-Dutch fleet. A reported 66,000 Spanish reales were salvaged by the enemy, a small share of the total treasure aboard the ship, lost with some 300-400 passengers and crew as the vessel broke up and sank to the bottom of the Mozambique Channel. For nearly 400 years, the wreck of the São José remained hidden off the isolated coast of East Africa until her discovery in May 2005 by Portuguese marine archaeology company Arqueonautas. The most extraordinary find are the over 24,000 silver reales coins recovered so far, representing a rare collection of Old and New World mints with a wide variety of dates and denominations—the stunning remains of King Philip III’s royal treasure once bound for India when Spain and Portugal together claimed a vast overseas empire.

info@aww.pt www.aww.pt Phone: +351 214 663 040 Fax: +351 214 662 769

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São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, east of Africa São José research collection

394. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1608A, rare. S-M16;

KM-44.3; CT-88. 23.74 grams. Well-centered strike with bold oMA and clear date (looks like 1609 from afar), well-detailed full shield and cross despite moderate surface corrosion, some flatness, not much contrast. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067007. Estimate: $350-$500.

396. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1611D/F, very rare (anachronistic assayer). 25.06 grams. Choice specimen, very solid

and broad, with bold full D/F, clear and 100% certain date 1611 (very much out of sequence, as D did not take office till 1618), superb full shield and cross, nice toning, minimal surface corrosion, truly among the very best coins from this wreck, and significant as proving for sure that assayer D occurred with dates before 1618, although it is unclear whether this was due to some kind of lieutenancy under F or was simply careless re-use of older dies. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067010. Estimate: $600-$900.

395. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1609A, rare. S-M16;

KM-44.3; CT-90. 24.97 grams. Very bold date, nice full shield and cross, much legend including king’s name and ordinal, minimal corrosion but some flatness, contrastingly toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067006. Estimate: $350-$500.

397. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1618/7D/F, rare.

S-M18; KM-unl. 26.07 grams. Full 1618/7 date and oM and denomination, the D/F assayer a bit weaker but certain, solid flan with virtually no corrosion but much weak strike, the shield and cross otherwise full, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067017. Estimate: $400-$600.

398. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1618/7D, rare. S-M18; KM-unl. 24.30 grams. Very bold full date with very clear overdate, full but

lightly corroded shield and cross, the flan broad and solid but trending toward the usual barrel-shape that ensued from this period forward, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067016. Estimate: $400-$600.

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399. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1620/19(D), rare.

S-M18; KM-unl. 12.48 grams. Very bold 20 of date with clear 9 under the 0, good cross and upper half of shield but otherwise flat (as struck), no corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974063048. Estimate: $350-$500.

402. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 24.32 grams. Very broad, round flan with full inner details, bold 617

of date, light surface corrosion on reverse only and a few flat spots but nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067020. Estimate: $350-$500.

400. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1620(D), rare. S-M18;

KM-37.2; CT-237. 10.62 grams. Bold date and oM, most of shield, nearly full cross, light surface corrosion and part of edge crude but all nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974063045. Estimate: $300-$450.

403. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617(M). S-P19; KM-10; CT-129.

22.14 grams. Full (ANO)D1617 in legend, decent full shield and cross

(both slightly off-center) despite light to moderate corrosion (one big pit edge on reverse), toned all over. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067021. Estimate: $300-$450.

401. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de

la Torre, *-8 (round top) to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 15.66 grams. Rare as from this wreck, with typically fine details

but all a bit washed out from moderate to heavy corrosion, the shield and P-oD nevertheless clear, nicely toned all over. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1975907001. Estimate: $300-$450.

404. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1618)PAL, rare.

KM-10; CT-130. 24.82 grams. Good

S-P20;

full shield with bold denomination o-VIII to right and full but weaker P-PAL to left, full but slightly doubled cross, light corrosion only, good toning. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1973361013. Estimate: $350-$500.

405. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1618)PAL, rare. S-P20; KM-9. 12.56 grams. Full PAL, shield and cross, full denomination o-iiii,

large edge-crack but no corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1975907039. Estimate: $300-$450.

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406. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 8 reales, 1620/19 (rare), as- 409. Granada, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1612M. sayer not visible. 24.71 grams. Superb full date with blatant overdate

above choice full cross-lions-castles, nearly full and well-detailed shield despite corrosion on left side, attractively toned all over. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974065017. Estimate: $300-$450.

407. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 8 reales, 1621, assayer not

visible. 25.25 grams. Full date above bold cross, nearly full crown and

shield with clear denomination VIII (vertically) to right, minimal surface corrosion but somewhat crudely struck, contrastingly toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974065021. Estimate: $275-$400.

408. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1590/89 date to right of

shield, assayer Gothic D at 4 o’clock outside tressure on reverse, unique (unlisted in CT). CT-unl. (Type 268). 13.05 grams. Full

date and king’s name in legend, good full shield and cross, no corrosion but some flat spots, hairline edge-split, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #19780713028. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-33.1; CT-209.

12.57 grams. Terrifically choice details all over, including full shield,

crown and cross-lions-castles, full mintmark-assayer G-M, denomination IIII (vertically), PHIL- of king’s name and 161 of date (last digit full but much weaker), no corrosion, nice toning, certainly among the very top specimens from this wreck. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1976420010. Estimate: $300-$450.

410. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1612/1V. KM-unl. (cf. 33.4); CT-

unl. (Type 92). 11.80 grams. Super full details on both sides, the shield and crown especially nice but the cross-lions-castles somewhat doubled and very lightly corroded, full date with clear overdate, mintmark-assayer S-V and denomination IIII (vertically), attractively toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1976479029. Estimate: $250-$375.

411. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 4 reales, 1616, assayer not visible. 10.77 grams. Very choice and bold full cross and shield (the latter slightly doubled), clear bottom half of digits of date, most of king’s name in legend, no corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1974067040. Estimate: $250-$375.

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412. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1620P. KM-33.5; CT-306. 12.39 grams. Choice full shield with bold mintmark-assayer oT-P to left above

king’s ordinal III, clear date above full cross (very lightly corroded), attractively toned all over. Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1976436028. Estimate: $250-$375.

413. Valladolid, Spain, cob 4 reales, (1)611(H), rare. KM-33.6;

Choice full shield with bold denomination IIII (vertically) to right and mintmark (four horizontal waves) at upper-left, clear 611 of date above nearly full but lightly corroded cross, nicely contrasting toning all over. (Note: CT gives this rare issue a value of 1,000 Euros!) Pedigreed to the São José research collection, with certificate, booklet, DVD and NGC tag #1976479025. Estimate: $300-$450. CT-311. 12.60 grams.

Clumps 414. Encrusted clump of 6 cobs (one 8R and five 4R). 79.15 grams total. Attractive pile of cobs, the top one with shield visible and the bottom one coated with orangish encrustation, the ones in the middle more or less corroded. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $350-$500.

415. Clean clump of 5 cobs (8R and 4R). 74.59

grams total. Neat “staircase” of cobs, all corroded and worn except for the bottom one, which shows full crosslions-castles and some toning (the rest silvery), with encrustation only between coins. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $300-$450.

416. Encrusted clump of 4 cobs (one 8R and

three 4R). 72.28 grams total. Very attractively encrusted

(tan and green) and spread out, all the coins fairly solid, top one with shield visible, the bottom completely covered. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $300-$450.

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417. Neatly stacked clump of 4 cobs (three 8R and one 4R). 73.88 grams total. A tight stack with fairly solid coins despite corrosion,

the top one (PotosĂ­) with clear shield and assayer R (curved leg). With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $300-$450.

418. Mostly encrusted clump of 4 cobs (probably all 4R).

48.30 grams total. Meandering display of cobs, all solid, the top two with shields visible, with grayish coat of encrustation all along the bottom an between coins. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $275-$400.

419. Neatly stacked clump of 4 cobs (one 8R and

three 4R). 46.86 grams total. A tight stack but with the 8R in the middle, all rather worn but with clear (o)MD on the 8R, minimal green encrustation between coins only. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $275-$400.

420. Partially encrusted clump of 3 cobs (two 8R and one 4R) plus a pebble. 63.00 grams total.

Two very solid 8R (shields visible, one PotosĂ­ and one Spain) with the 4R hanging off to one side, held in place by tan-gray encrustation that also holds a large pebble. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $300-$450.

421. Partially encrusted clump of 3 cobs (one 8R and

two 4R). 43.39 grams total. Leaning stack with much corrosion

on all the coins but multi-colored encrustation (green, brown, black, gray and white), reverse impression of another coin on one side. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $250-$375.

422. Partially encrusted clump of 3 cobs (one 8R and

two 4R). 50.87 grams total. Solid 8R with shield visible, one 4R pasted to its bottom with whitish encrustation, the other jutting out from the top and showing a cross. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $250-$375.

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423. Partially encrusted clump of 3 cobs (one 8R and two 4R). 42.94

grams total. All the coins somewhat worn and corroded (also silvery) but with shield visible on topmost 4R, the other 4R in the middle jutting out a bit, with dark patch of encrustation. With certificate, booklet and DVD. Estimate: $250-$375.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, south of England 424. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616.

KM-12. 19.24 grams. Bold date, full lion, light surface corrosion and not

much contrast as usual. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

425. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D, 426. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. in original Spink box. S-M18a; KM-45. 21.95 grams. Choice specimen with bold full oMD, good full shield and cross, broad barrel-shape with part of edge lost to corrosion but surfaces nice, deeply (and attractively) toned all over. Housed in its original box (white clamshell, with LUCAYAN BEACH PIRATE TREASURE 1628 on top) from 1960s Spink promotion. Estimate: $175-$250.

S-M18a; KM-45. 26.44 grams. Round, concave flan with bold OM, nearly full and well-centered shield and cross, peripherally flat but virtually no corrosion. With Sedwick certificate from 2008. Estimate: $150-$225.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola 427. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1638P, rare. S-M19;

Full date and oMP, also full shield and cross, broad flan with crude edge (as made), lightly toned, light surface corrosion only. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-45; CT-333. 25.32 grams.

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428. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1639P, rare. S-M19;

KM-45; CT-334. 24.32 grams. Bold date and oMP, full cross and most of shield despite much flatness, minimal corrosion, nice toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

429. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (1627-32), with NR-P to left, rare. S-B4; KM-3.3; CT-Type 114; Restrepo-

M44. 26.09 grams. Bold NR mintmark to upper-left of well-detailed and nearly full shield, nearly full cross-lions-castles, practically no corrosion but with much peripheral flatness, nicely toned. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

“San Francisco wreck,” sunk ca. 1647 off the Cape Verde Islands 430. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P,

rare provenance. S-M19; KM-45. 26.78 grams. Barrel-shaped planchet with full cross and shield, nice toning, no corrosion, a very solid coin from a rare wreck. With Sedwick certificate from 2001, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #216. Estimate: $150-$225.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador Mexico

431. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)43(?)(P), rare

from this wreck, ex-Prior. S-M19; KM-45; CT-340. 21.72 grams. Typically barrel-shaped flan with full but corroded shield and cross, most of date (might be 42), toned on fields. Pedigreed to the Bruce Prior collection, with Maritime / West Bay Trading certificate signed by Joel Ruth and Steve Hodges, and pedigreed to our Auction #1, with original lot-tag #129. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Lima 432. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, oD-* to right, rare as from this wreck.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-490. 4.60 grams.

Typically round and well detailed, with full inner details and much legend, all slightly doubled but with nice contrast from toning on fields, light corrosion only. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

Potosí shield-type

433. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1649Z, with crowned-L countermark on cross, rare, ex-Ponterio. S-P34; KM-19a; CT-508. 26.59

grams. Perfectly round and 100% corrosion-free flan with choice full date, full countermark, full cross-lions-castles and shield and crown, clear

P-Z, nicely toned, really everything you could want in a cob of this period without getting into the expense of a Royal. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #102. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

434. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1649O, with crowned-L 435. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-•F• countermark on cross, ex-Ponterio. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-506. 26.40 grams. Incredibly choice full date set off with colorful rainbow toning,

also full countermark, full cross-lions-castles and shield, full P-O to left and 8 to right, very minor surface corrosion only. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #110. Estimate: $600-$900.

countermark on shield, ex-Ponterio. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 24.46

grams. Huge flan with practically everything visible, including date as 165050 due to doubling, choice full shield and countermark, P-O to left and 8-O to right, light surface corrosion on cross side only, lovely toning. Pedigreed to the Capitana auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #183. Estimate: $500-$750.

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436. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650)O, with crown alone

countermark (very rare) on cross side, ex-Hudson. S-P35; KM-

19b; CT-509. 27.14 grams. Very

darkly toned, with full shield and cross, no corrosion but one edge-split, the countermark in center with distinctive border of tiny dots (the crown not really visible). Pedigreed to the Louis Hudson collection and to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #309. Estimate: $200-$300.

437. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, no countermark, rare. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 26.59 grams. Choice full inner details (shield

and cross, P-E and 8-E) with nicely contrasting toning, bold king’s ordinal and part of name in legend, well centered and corrosion-free, with dent at top of cross that may have been mistaken in its time for a legitimizing countermark. Estimate: $350-$500.

438. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with common crown-alone countermark on shield, ex-Ponterio. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-

Superb full details (both inner details and legends) despite moderate corrosion all over (note the low weight), the date and countermark especially bold, with light toning in crevices, tiny edge-split. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #92. Estimate: $350-$500.

511. 19.39 grams.

439. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1651O, with rare crown-alone countermark on cross, ex-Ponterio. S-P35; KM-17b. 9.47 grams.

Very full and bold date and half of countermark on uncorroded cross side, the shield full too and with bold P-O to left but with moderate surface corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #37. Estimate: $400-$600.

440. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (165)1E, crown-alone countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-17b. 10.60 grams. Boldest countermark imaginable, the rest

of the coin (nearly round) all fairly weak and somewhat corroded, nicely toned at least, with edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

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441. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 165(1-2)E, with crown-

alone countermark on shield, ex-Ponterio. S-P36; KM-17b. 7.75 grams. Very thin from corrosion but broad and well detailed, with nice

full shield and cross, full countermark and P-E and 4-E, much legend (including date), contrastingly toned. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #22. Estimate: $600-$900.

Potosí pillars-and-waves

442. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, PH at top. S-P37a;

Choice specimen, well centered on a roundish flan, with three bold dates, three mintmarks, bold full pillarsand-waves and cross-and-tressure, light surface corrosion only, toned around details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-21; CT-437. 25.39 grams.

443. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-438. 24.91 grams. Choice, broad-flan specimen with three full dates (rare thus), bold PH, one nice pillar and full waves (off-center), good full cross-lions-castles, light surface corrosion, nicely toned. With certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 1999, with original lot-tag #420. Estimate: $400-$600.

444. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 22.75 grams. Bold full pillars with bold date and PH, choice full cross-lions-castles (well detailed), lightly toned all over, moderate surface and edge corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

445. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1653E, PH at top, rotated-4 denomination. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-741. 10.04 grams. One full

pillar with bold PH, clear denomination, full waves, full cross with second date and assayer and mintmark, moderate surface corrosion, toned around details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

446. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top, ex-

Ponterio. S-P37a; KM-18. 13.37 grams. Choice, solid specimen with full 4-digit date in legend (the other two dates clear as well) due to poor centering, two mintmarks and assayers, bold waves and king’s ordinal IIII, minimal corrosion, nice toning. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #308. Estimate: $500-$750.

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447. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top, ex- 448. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a; Ponterio.

Full and well-centered pillars and cross, bold PH, two dates, three mintmarks and assayers, nicely toned, minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the “La Capitana” auction (Ponterio April 1999), with original lot-tag #301. Estimate: $250-$375. S-P37a; KM-18. 13.39 grams.

KM-18. 10.48 grams. Thin

from corrosion but with bold and well-centered strike (full cross and pillars), three dates and mintmarks, bold PH, good toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

449. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-358. 26.52 grams. Fat barrel-shape with round sides and straight top and bottom, bold denomination 8, deeply toned, minimal corrosion but much flatness all over. Estimate: $175-$250. 450. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)50O, crowned-•F• countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 17.82 grams. Clear date,

full countermark, good shield and cross, clear P-O and 8-O, good toning, but moderately to heavily corroded all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

451. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (165)1O, with crowned•F• countermark on shield.

S-P35; KM-19b; CT-510. 23.91 grams.

Good detail despite weak strike and corroded edge, full shield and cross, full 1 of date, full king’s name and ordinal, lightly toned. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

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452. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E Transitional Type IV/A. S-P37; KM-A20.4; CT-432. 21.68 grams. Bold full pillars with clear F-8-IIII across top and E-8-E across bottom, nice full crown and shield with clear A-P-8 to left and (O)-E-52 to right, second date in legend, corroded only on parts of edge, contrastingly toned. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

453. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E Transitional Type V(?). S-P37; KM-A20.5; CT-unl. 17.49 grams. Heavily corroded but with good full shield with clear A-(P)-8 to left and O-E-52 to right, bold pillars with faintly visible F-8-IIII across top, the bottom part uncertain, toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

454. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, •PH• at top.

S-

Bold but doubled full waves with two clear dates, full crown and cross with third date (in four digits) below, edge-split and corrosion on part of edge only, nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300. P37a; KM-21; CT-437. 25.08 grams.

455. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, •PH• at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-437. 25.17 grams. Full crown and pillars with bold date and POTOS(I), choice full cross-lions-castles with second date below, nicely toned, very light surface corrosion only. Estimate: $200-$300.

456. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654/3E/P, •PH• at top,

very rare, ex-Ullian. S-P37a. 26.80 grams. Superb full inner details on both sides, with bold PH, two dates, three mintmarks and assayers, the assayer to the right of the cross clearly punched over an erroneous P and the date below with clear 4/3, the cross-lions-castles quite beautiful and well detailed, minimal surface corrosion and contrasting toning. With Humphreys certificate #91-8R-5061. Estimate: $600-$900.

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457. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, •PH• at top. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-438. 22.69 grams. Bold PH and date, technically full but weak cross (doubled) and pillars, moderate surface corrosion, mostly toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

458. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, (1655)(S), extremely rare, ex-Ullian. S-C4; KM-7.2; CT-258. 27.30 grams. Very choice, 100%

corrosion-free specimen (AU details) that should qualify as finest known (as practically all known specimens are corroded) except that the strike is weak in about half the peripheries, so the date and assayer are not visible (the mintmark barely so), yet the denomination VIII (vertically) to left and P-LV-(S) / VL-TR-A on the pillars side are very bold, all nicely toned to boot. With Marex certificate and letter signed by Lou Ullian, also pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #86. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

459. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, mintmark-assayer •N•R•P to left, very rare, ex-Ullian. S-B4. 26.08 grams. Excellent, corrosion-free specimen with full and crisp inner details on both sides (the shield slightly doubled), including bold NRP and

VIIII (with extra I due to doubling), king’s ordinal IIII in legend, beautifully toned, curiously football-shaped flan. With Marex certificate and letter signed by Lou Ullian, also pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #84. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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“Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel), sunk in 1659 off the east coast of Florida

460. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-360. 26.20 grams. Long flan with full shield and oMP, good full cross,

solid and uncorroded, no toning but some copper stains on reverse, much better than most from this wreck. With JWI plastic tag #95 from 1987 and original photo-certificate from the salvagers, also pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #300. Estimate: $250-$375.

461. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-439.

23.19 gams. Well-centered full pillars with two bold mintmarks, full but off-center cross with third mintmark, full date and king’s ordinal, toned and solid but with light surface corrosion all over. With Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

Unidentified late-1660s Dutch wreck off Tuban, Indonesia 462. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, with countermark and punchmarks as from circulation in Indonesia. S-M19; KM-45. 26.16 grams. Solid and uncorroded but worn and weak, off-center shield with full oMP and 16 of date, gray color all over (no contrast). With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville harbor 463. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-342.

26.52 grams. Typically brown-toned and corrosion-free but with much flatness, full but doubled pillars and cross, full CAROLV(S), two dates and assayers. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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464. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346.

25.94 grams. Nice full pillars (well centered) with bold date and two

bold assayers, full but doubled cross with third assayer and second date, also three mintmarks overall, lightly toned, no corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

465. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1669E. 494. 12.81 grams. Technically

S-P37b; KM-25; CT-

full but mostly flat pillars and cross, two dates, steel-gray toning, light surface corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

466. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E.

467. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT-357.

three mintmarks, two dates, interesting shape, light toning, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

corrosion (thin), three dates, deeply toned. With photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #307. Estimate: $125-$200.

S-P37b; KM-26; CT352. 24.75 grams. Choice specimen with full and bold pillars and cross,

14.16 grams. Good full pillars and nearly full cross despite wear and

468. Clump of 2 cobs (one 8R and one 2R), encrusted as found. 27.59 grams total. Interesting piece with the small coin jutting to one side next to a large pebble, the 8R with full pillars and clear date (16)70 visible, gray toned all over. With photo-certificate #CP30101 from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

Spanish 1681 Fleet off Porto Bello, Panama 469. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV or Charles II, assayer G. 24.45 grams. Thick and solid, with bold cross and oMG, most of shield, but with lots of flatness and a touch of corrosion, small spot of encrustation on edge, no toning. With Sedwick photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #323. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

470. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)680(L). S-M21; KM46; CT-280. 26.33 grams. Solid and uncorroded specimen with clear date,

full oM, top of shield and all of cross visible despite extensive peripheral flatness, lightly toned. With generic certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

471. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM-46; CT-280. 22.83 grams. Rare

with full date and oML, most of shield and nearly full cross, elongated shape, light surface corrosion, toned all over. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

472. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM-46; CT-280.

16.90 grams. Bold oML and 680 of date, full shield and cross, but mostly weak and thin from corrosion. With generic certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #397. Estimate: $125-$200.

“Standing Cannon wreck,” sunk ca. 1690 off Bay of All Saints, Brazil

473. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top, ex-Christie’s. S-P37a;

KM-21; CT-434. Superb full pillars side with almost Royal-like details, the cross side full too but doubled and lightly corroded, all slightly offcenter but nicely toned, three dates, full EL PERV and king’s ordinal IIII, desirable original pedigree and unusual provenance that is famous for its circumstances of sinking being collision with a whale (whose bones were found under the keel). Pedigreed to the Christie’s (Amsterdam) auction of March 1983, with original lot-tag #506. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Aguila Volante, sunk in 1701 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador 474. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1694M, ex-Mastalir. S-L11; KM-24; CT-238. 21.06 grams. Full but doubled pillars with bold date “994,” bold second date below

most of cross, thin from corrosion and silvery. This obscure wreck off Mar Bravo beach was kept secret by locals, who avoided confiscation by melting the silver coins into spoons and the gold coins into teeth. Pedigreed to the Roberto Mastalir collection, and to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #796, and with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

“Taj Mahal treasure,” sunk ca. 1702 off Sri Lanka 475. Surat, India (Mughal Empire), 1 rupee, Aurangzeb (1658-1707), AH1113 (1702), housed in promotional box with the coin encased in a 24K gold-plated silver medal (12 oz.) showing the Taj Mahal, which also appears in a colorphoto porcelain tile on the top of the box. 11.11 grams (coin only), the set 8-1/2” x 7” x 2-3/4”. Beautiful

“jewelry box” display whose least impressive element is the coin itself, even though it is not a bad specimen, with full details and minimal corrosion, nicely toned, the medal stamped “070” on the edge as from a limited edition of 350 sets. Estimate: $500-$750.

Unidentified ca.-1705 wreck off the northern coast of South America

476. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1702H.

S-L15a; KM-34; CT-624.

20.91 grams. Bold full pillars and cross (both well centered) with clear

assayer and two dates, but moderately to heavily corroded all over, toned on fields, rare provenance (limited salvage, not ongoing). Estimate: $150-$225.

477. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-372.

19.74 grams. Broad flan with full pillars and cross, mostly clear details despite heavy corrosion all over, rare provenance (limited salvage, not ongoing). Estimate: $150-$225.

478. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1701Y. S-P43; KM-26; CT-392. 20.00 grams. Bold date and assayer but rather crude and with signifi-

cant portion of edge lost to corrosion, patchy toning, rare provenance (limited salvage, not ongoing). Estimate: $125-$200.

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Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England 479. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1693V.

S-L10; KM-24; CT-236.

21.31 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves and cross, bold assayer and

mintmark, two dates, light corrosion, deeply toned. With certificate #15663 from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland Gold-coin clump 480. Natural conglomeration containing one Dutch gold ducat (Utrecht, 1711) and four silver ducatoons (one Antwerp mint, dated 1648), very rare as a goldcoin clump. 215 grams total. Clumps are

always impressive and rare, none more so than the few that contain gold coins, as the temptation to remove the gold coin(s) for quick cash is just too great for salvagers to resist; but in this case the gold coin (with full obverse exposed) is bent and better off gracing the top of this clump, whose embedded silver coins all appear to be very well preserved and well detailed, the cruddy matrix very solid and stable, making this piece not just rare but a great display as well. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $1,500-up.

Spanish Netherlands

481. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait 482. Flanders, Spanish Netherlands (Bruges mint), portrait

ducatoon, Philip IV, 1633, rare. Delm-274; Dav-4444; KM-56.1. 32.15 grams. Choice full (VF) details on both sides, minimal corrosion, lightly

toned, rare type with young portrait. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

ducatoon, Philip IV, 1662. Delm-286; Dav-4457; KM-50. 32.08 grams.

Full details on both sides, minimal corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

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483. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), por- 484. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Brussels mint), portrait trait ducatoon, Charles II, 1668.

Delm-325; Dav-4475; KM-79.1.

31.31 grams. Solid, broad-flan specimen with full details, bold legends,

toned, minimal corrosion. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

ducatoon, Charles II (youthful bust), 1684, rare two-year type. Delm-335; Dav-4484; KM-103.2. 32.07 grams. Broad flan with full

details, somewhat crude as usual for this rare type, nice toning, minimal corrosion. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

United Netherlands

485. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1659,

487. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711.

first year of type. Delm-1029; Dav-4937; KM-46.1. 30.91 grams. Choice

Delm-1031; Dav-1832; KM-83.1. 32.08 grams. Choice specimen with full details, deep toning, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $175-$250.

486. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1659.

488. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711.

full details (especially the bold date at top), nicely toned, minimal corrosion. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Delm-1024; Dav-4942; KM-41.1. 32.13 grams. Perfectly

round flan (almost looks machined) with bold full details set off by contrasting toning. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

Delm-1031; Dav-1832; KM-83.1. 31.28 grams. Broad flan with choice full details all over, minimal corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida Mexico

489. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1711(?)J. S-M22; KM-

Solid coin with surface corrosion only, weak but certain date, good full cross, patchy dark toning. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

47; CT-739. 24.82 grams.

490. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)712(J).

47; CT-741. 26.06 grams. Corrosion-free rhomboid flan with bold date, good cross, most of shield despite extensive flatness, lightly toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

S-M22;

Bold date next to full crown, most of cross, no corrosion but much flatness, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $350-$500. KM-47; CT-741. 25.87 grams.

491. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)12J. S-M22; KM-

492. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(?)J.

S-M22;

Attractive oval shape with great full cross and crown, nearly full shield, weak date, lightly toned, minimal surface corrosion. With Sedwick photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #460. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-47; CT-743. 24.52 grams.

493. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1714(J). S-M22; KM-

47; CT-743. 12.98 grams. Bold

date and oM (neater second style), great full cross, minimal corrosion, dark patches. Estimate: $300-$450.

494. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1715(J). S-M22; KM-47; CT-744. 11.94 grams. Clear date (rare), somewhat odd-shaped flan with light surface corrosion and toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Lima

495. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1697H.

S-L13; KM-24; CT-241.

24.69 grams. Good full cross with full assayer, off-center pillars with

second assayer, moderate corrosion, patchy tan toning. With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2005. Estimate: $150-$225.

496. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1698H.

S-L13; KM-24; CT-243.

21.86 grams. Smallish flan with well-centered pillars, nearly full cross,

somewhat weak and corroded. With Sedwick certificate from 2008. Estimate: $175-$250.

Potosí

497. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697CH, very rare, ex- 498. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1698F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-387. Ullian. S-P41; KM-26; CT-384. 26.20 grams. Solid flan (virtually corrosion- 25.37 grams. Solid and practically uncorroded but with much flatness, free) with two bold dates, clear assayer, full pillars and cross, nicely toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate and small tag signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $600-$900.

nice tops of pillars and upper-right lion in cross, bold (CA)ROLV(S), lightly toned. With Sedwick certificate from 2008. Estimate: $250$375.

499. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1708Y, ex-Ullian. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1089. 13.12 grams. Choice full cross, bold date and denomination, solid and uncorroded, with large patch of brownish encrustation on part of edge, which also has a split. From the “Cabin Wreck” site, with Real Eight certificate signed by Lou Ullian, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #467. Estimate: $175-$250.

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Whydah, sunk in 1717 off Cape Cod, Massachusetts

500. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1707Y, housed in elegant frame with original Barry Clifford certificate and diagram of

the ship, also accompanied by a color copy of the original artifact photo-card #29447 with inscription and signature from the late Ken Kinkor (Director of Project Research), very rare and desirable provenance. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-867. 21-1/2” x 13-1/2”. An

impressive display, better-than-average coin and utmost desirability for provenance, as everyone would love to have a genuine, fully certified cob from the only pirate treasure ship ever salvaged! The coin is pasted on a mat, so we cannot see the other side, but the pillars side shows a bold date and assayer and a patch of encrustation, with enough of the sides visible to tell it is a solid coin with minimal corrosion. Most important is the accompanying paperwork, which proves this coin was not among a handful that were stolen from the lab and instead is one of several given as personal gifts from Barry Clifford to various supporters, as otherwise Barry would be the first to tell you these things are NOT FOR SALE! This is the third Whydah specimen we have offered, the first two fetching $8,050 and $11,741 respectively. Estimate: $5,000-up.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off the Madeira Islands

501. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1634. KM-56.2. 29.80 grams. Choice specimen

502. Flanders (Bruges mint), Spanish Netherlands, portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1635, rare. KM-35. 30.68 grams. Excellent

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (spring, 2014).

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with fully detailed portrait and full legends (bold date and mintmark too), black encrustation on reverse but no corrosion, nicely toned. With original photo-certificate from the salvager (Sténuit), and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #567. Estimate: $200-$300.

143

reverse, decent well-detailed portrait despite light corrosion all over, deeply toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate and original certificate from the salvager (Robert Sténuit), and pedigreed to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #901. Estimate: $200-$300.


Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off Norway 503. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)722(J), rare, exFrank Sedwick. S-M22; KM-47. 23.97 grams. Choice bold date on a huge but mostly flat flan (light surface corrosion), toned on obverse and near edge on reverse only. With Frank and Daniel Sedwick photocertificate from 1994. Estimate: $350-$500.

504. Original promotional set in leather case consisting of one Dutch (Utrecht) gold ducat 1724, three Mexican cobs (two 8R and one 4R), two Dutch ducatoons (one portrait and one “rider”) and six Dutch 2 stuivers (Holland) 1724, with original (1979) book by Björn Rønning. 12” x 8-1/2” x 1”. Typical ducat (Mint State but with weak

knight’s head) and generally corroded cobs and ducatoons, the 2 stuivers better (one partially encrusted) but less significant, desirable as a complete set with book, all in like-new condition (and in original shipping container). In original promotional case from the 1970s, with certificate and Rønning book. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada

505. France (La Rochelle mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1725-H. KM472.9. 22.37 grams. Choice specimen with bold details and uncorroded,

even lustrous surfaces, faint toning, probably the best specimen from this wreck we have ever handled. Estimate: $250-$375.

506. France (Poitiers mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1725-G, ex-Frank Sedwick. KM-472.8. 20.74 grams. Bold full details despite corrosion around obverse rim, nice toning (good contrast). With Frank and Daniel Sedwick photo-certificate #404 from 1993, and pedigreed to the Stack’s auction of January 1999, with original lot-tag #1220. Estimate: $175-$250.

144


Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

507. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 25.39 grams. Full and bold date and oMF, full cross, nearly full shield, nicely toned, with only light corrosion. With generic certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #859. Estimate: $250-$375.

508. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 26.82 grams. Rectangular flan, nearly corrosion-free, good full cross, bold oMF, toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #238. Estimate: $200-$300. 509. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 25.00 grams. Small, thick flan with bold date and oMF, light surface corrosion, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

510. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 26.30 grams.

Deeply toned and corrosion-free, full and bold date (slightly doubled), good full cross. Estimate: $200-$300.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands Cobs

511. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; 512. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1733/2F, rare. S-M26;

CT-764. 25.88 grams. Super full date and oMF, most of cross, interesting shape, nearly corrosion-free, patchy toning, possible 2/1 overdate. With small promotional box and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-40a; CT-1032. 13.19 grams. Small, thick, solid flan with 100% full and

bold date and oMF, no corrosion to speak of but some weak strike, nice rainbow toning all over. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1994, lot #1257. Estimate: $200-$300.

145


Spanish Netherlands

513. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Charles II, 1679. KM-79.2. 32.51 grams. Wonderfully

broad flan with full legends and inner details, the portrait especially nice, no corrosion, lightly toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

United Netherlands

514. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1669. KM-46.1. 31.87 grams. Superb specimen with full and bold details

516. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1733.

515. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon,

517. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon,

all over, no corrosion at all, hint of toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1733. KM-80. 32.22 grams. Mint State details and no corrosion but with weak strike in centers, richly toned all over, somewhat lustrous. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-80. 32.09 grams. Lustrous Mint State with black staining, no corro-

sion, perfect details. Estimate: $200-$300.

1734. KM-80. 32.61 grams. Lustrous Mint State, with perfect details, richly toned all over, 100% corrosion-free and well struck. Estimate: $250-$375.

146


518. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734.

KM-80. 32.44 grams. Bold and well-detailed knight-on-horse (“rider”), lustrous under deep toning, UNC details, no corrosion. With small, generic certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #514. Estimate: $200-$300.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England Cobs

519. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)726(D), rare. 520. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1727D, very rare.

S-M23a; KM-47. 26.47 grams. Odd shape (wavy rectangle), solid and uncorroded but with extensive flatness, the date and mintmark clear nonetheless, lightly toned. Estimate: $350-$500.

S-M23a; KM-47; CT-753. 26.48 grams. Thick and solid flan (no corrosion) and neat shape, with full and clear date and oM (the latter doubled), most of shield and cross, some toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

521. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)728(D), very rare. S-M23a; KM-47. 26.50 grams. Bold date and oM, most of cross, some crown, no corrosion but much flatness, spotty toning, possible 8/7 overdate. Estimate: $400-$600.

Klippes 522. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F, rare single-letter assayer. S-M27; KM-48; CT-767. 25.48 grams. Choice details on both sides, just a bit truncated due

to cob-style planchet, the all-important date and oMF 100% full and clear, minimal surface corrosion, toned on fields for good contrast. With generic certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #547. Estimate: $600-$900.

147


523. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF, cob-style 525. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28; planchet. S-M28; KM-48; CT-768. 26.10 grams. Typical cob planchet with straight sides and rounded top and bottom but clearly struck with sharply detailed klippe dies, with the date, MF, oM-8, shield and cross all full (AU details), no corrosion, some toning and dark sediment. Estimate: $600-$900.

KM-48; CT-768. 25.90 grams. Gorgeous, fully detailed and well-centered

strike with lovely contrasting toning, faint hint of corrosion at very edge, appealingly octagonal shape. With generic certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #519. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

524. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF, ex-Pon- 526. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28;

terio. S-M28; KM-48; CT-768. 26.35 grams. A practically perfect example, with all details 100% full (even the legends) on a broad, square flan, corrosion-free and deeply toned, a very impressive shipwreck coin, very hard to top. From the original Rooswijk auction by Ponterio in March-April 2006, lot #119, with generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

KM-48; CT-768. 26.60 grams. Sharp full inner details and most of legends,

including full date, attractively toned and corrosion-free, just a couple minor flat spots. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

527. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. 528. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF.

KM-103; CT-780. 26.27 grams. AU details, lightly toned all over, with hint of surface corrosion but all details still bold. With Sedwick photocertificate and pedigreed to our Auction #1, with original lot-tag #185, and to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #1003. Estimate: $250-$375.

Nice XF details, no corrosion, mostly toned, patch of encrustation between tops of pillars. With generic certificate, and pedigeed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #750. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-790. 26.45 grams.

148


529. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Albert and Isabel, 1618. KM-49.1. 28.95 grams. Bold leg-

ends, weaker but clearly detailed interiors, minimal corrosion, purplish toning all over, slightly concave (as made). With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

530. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider� ducatoon, 1742. KM-80. 32.24 grams. Choice

full details all over (UNC), no corrosion, small spots of toning, edge-ding. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 2009, with original lot-tag #3281. Estimate: $250-$375.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 531. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1726M, rare. S-L20b.; KM-unl. (39 under Louis I); CT-unl. (14 under Louis I). 24.15 grams. Solid specimen with bold date and mintmark, bold waves and cross, darkly toned, light surface corrosion, much peripheral flatness. With photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #549. Estimate: $200-$300.

St. Geran, sunk in 1744 off Mauritius, east of Africa 532. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF,

ex-Sebring. KM-103; CT-790. 25.53 grams. Bold XF details with patches of light toning, light but localized surface corrosion, scarce provenance and desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring collection (American Numismatic Rarities auction of January 2004, with original lot-tag #1658). Estimate: $250-$375.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa 533. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1735J, canvas impression on date side,

rare. S-G1; KM-6; CT-593. 26.57 grams. Listed as normal in KM but this date rarely seen from this wreck, typically rectangular flan with weak strike but practically no corrosion, uneven toning, crosshatch pattern on entire date side from the original canvas bag that contained the coins on the ship. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

149


535. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, (174)1(J), rare. S-G1; KM-5; CT-

534. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1742J. S-G1; KM-6; CT-601. 26.59 grams. Full date and assayer, excellent globes and waves, lightly corrod-

960. 13.33 grams. Full 1 of date (listed as normal in KM but this date rarely seen from this wreck, and with higher value in CT), nice full globes and crown, full crown and shield on other side, small, squarish flan with minimal corrosion (hint of luster even). Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

ed shield, solid flan, toned, interesting shape. Estimate: $250-$375.

536. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF. KM-103; CT-776. 25.94 grams. Scarce second date of series, curious “snake swallows tail� denomination 8 and recut assayer F and 1 of date, AU details against deeply toned fields, light surface corrosion only to right of pillars. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

537. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF. KM-103;

Scarce second date of series, solid coin with XF details and rich toning all over, but also with light to moderate surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

CT-776. 24.90 grams.

150


538. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 541. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. 1734/3MF. KM-103; CT-777. 26.60 grams. Bold UNC details with KM-103; CT-780. 26.78 grams. Choice AU, deeply toned, no corrosion.

some original luster, deep toning, hint of corrosion only in a few Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450. spots, slightly off-center strike. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

539. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

542. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

KM-103; CT-778. 26.93 grams. Superb AU with no corrosion at all, beauti-

Very deeply toned, no corrosion, AU details, small flan. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

540. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

543. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738/6MF, very rare. KM-103; CT-unl. 26.86 grams. Choice, very clear overdate that

ful deep toning all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.49 grams. Bold AU details against deeply toned fields,

unusually prominent rims, faint hint of surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.80 grams.

is so rare that Gilboy cataloged its existence as “doubtful� (M-8-10b), but there is no doubt here, the whole coin rather choice also with no corrosion, AU details, deeply toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $600-$900.

151


544. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738/7MF.

Scarce overdate (Gilboy M-8-10a, rarity R2), choice specimen with AU details, deep toning, no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-103; CT-782. 26.89 grams.

547. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

1739/8MF, rare.

KM-unl.; CT-786. 26.30 grams. Clear overdate that is rated at R3 in Gilboy (M-8-11a), AU details, lustrous and deeply toned, minimal surface corrosion, slightly wavy flan. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

545. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF, 548. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF.

UNC details, beautifully toned, 100% corrosion-free, odd flan-bulge below VTRA. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

very wide date.

KM-103; CT-783. 26.83 grams. Sharp AU details, no corrosion, deep toning, slightly off-center strike with rims more prominent than usual. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-103; CT-787. 26.89 grams.

546. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739/6MF, very rare. KM-103; CT-784. 26.63 grams. Clear overdate that is rated at

549. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF with 4/3. KM-103; CT-788. 26.77 grams. Scarce overdate (Gilboy M-

R4 in Gilboy (M-8-11b), bold AU details, deeply toned, no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

8-12b), UNC details, deeply toned, 100% corrosion-free. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

152


550. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF.

553. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742/1MF.

KM-103; CT-790. 26.93 grams. UNC details, deeply toned, 100% corro-

sion-free. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-103; CT-792. 26.83 grams. Scarce overdate (Gilboy M-8-14a), bold UNC details, deeply toned, no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

551. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF

554. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742/2MF,

with 4/3, rare.

KM-103; CT-unl. 26.38 grams. Overdate rated R3 in Gilboy (M-8-13a), bold AU details, deeply toned, faint hint of surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

very wide date. KM-103; CT-793. 26.86 grams. Choice AU, deeply toned and 100% corrosion-free, with fully recut 2 in date. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

552. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. 555. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742/2MF. Very bold and attractive strike and preservation, with deep toning, AU details, no corrosion except for a tiny bit in VTRAQUE. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-103; CT-791. 26.90 grams.

KM-103; CT-793. 26.65 grams. Sharp AU details, no corrosion but much lighter toning than usual, rim-bruise at top of shield side, with fully recut 2 and filled 4 in date (normal width). Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

153


556. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF.

UNC details with beautiful deep-blue toning, no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450. KM-103; CT-793. 26.72 grams.

557. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1743/2MF. KM-103; CT-794. 26.91 grams. Scarce overdate (Gilboy M-

559. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF with the first 4/3, very rare. KM-103; CT-unl. 24.99 grams. Bold over-

date that is rated R4 in Gilboy (M-8-16b), UNC details on pillars side, the shield side lightly corroded all over, deeply toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

560. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF,

8-15a), totally uncorroded AU with deep toning, curious die-crack through upper lion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

narrow date. KM-103; CT-797. 26.61 grams. Bold UNC details, deeply toned, with tiny, localized spots of corrosion only, very strange-looking date with 4’s close together. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

558. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1743MF.

561. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF,

KM-103; CT-795. 27.00 grams. UNC

details, no corrosion, deep toning, flan-bulge below QUE. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

wide date. KM-103; CT-797. 26.53 grams. UNC details but with light surface corrosion near top, deeply toned, the 4’s in the date quite far apart. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

154


562. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF,

normal date. KM-103; CT-797. 26.76 grams. Sharp UNC with no corro-

sion, uneven toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

563. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1734MF, 3/3 in date, rare. KM-94; CT-1047. 13.04 grams. AU details but marred by spots of heavy corrosion, the date (with recut 3) very clear, weak centers, deeply toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250. 564. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-94; CT-1047. 12.58 grams. VF details with light surface corrosion all over, spotty toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

565. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1736MF, narrow date. KM-94; CT-1050. 11.53 grams. Lightly corroded all over

(VF details), spotty rainbow toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

566. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1736MF, wide date. KM-94; CT-1050. 12.80 grams. Long-crosslet 4 for denomination, bold XF details, deep toning, areas of corrosion on pillars-side rim and bottom half of shield side. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300. 567. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1736MF, normal date. KM-94; CT-1050. 9.24 grams. Sharp AU details on pillars side, the shield side heavily corroded, nicely toned all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

568. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1738/7MF, rare. KM-94; CT-1053. 11.94 grams. Clear overdate (Gilboy M-4-10a), VF details all over due to light corrosion, brownish toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

155


569. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-94; CT-1055. 11.95 grams. VF/XF with light to moderate corrosion,

nicely toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

570. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1740MF

with 4/3, rare. KM-94; CT-1056. 13.34 grams. Gilboy M-4-12a, bold

AU details with lustrous fields, deeply toned shield side, practically no corrosion. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

571. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1740MF,

wide date, no moulding on tops of pillars. KM-94; CT-1057. 13.09 grams. Strange pillars (Gilboy M-4-12c), bold XF details with spotty

toning, no corrosion but some encrustation. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

572. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1741MF.

KM-94; CT-1058. 12.60 grams. VF details, very deeply toned and lightly corroded all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

573. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1742MF with 4/3, very rare. KM-94; CT-unl. 12.67 grams. Weak but certain

overdate that is rated R4 in Gilboy (M-4-14a), XF details with deep toning and light surface corrosion all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

574. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1742MF,

narrow date. KM-94; CT-1059. 12.36 grams. XF details despite moderate corrosion, deeply toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

575. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1742MF,

wide date. KM-94; CT-1059. 10.86 grams. Moderate corrosion but nice XF details nonetheless, colorful toning all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

576. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1743MF.

KM-94; CT-1061. 12.70 grams. UNC details with lustrous fields but piece

of edge lost to corrosion, no toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

156


577. Seville, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip V, 1732PA. CT-944; 578. Seville, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip V, 1733PA. CT-945;

KM-358. 24.04 grams. Scarce type for this wreck, with XF details but about 1/3 of each side moderately corroded, spotty toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-358. 25.88 grams. Choice AU with minimal surface corrosion, deep

toning all over, scarce type for this wreck. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay 579. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E. S-P51; KM-40; CT-361. 25.88 grams. Choice

full cross with date below, full but off-center pillars with second date, bold assayer and mintmark, (P)OTOSI in legend, nicely toned, no corrosion. With 1999 photo-certificate #310-P from the salvager (Collado), and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #572. Estimate: $350-$500.

580. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1736E.

S-P46;

Two bold dates, one full pillar, nearly full cross, darkly toned, light corrosion, edgesplit. With Sedwick certificate from 2004, and pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #966. Estimate: $175-$250. KM-30a; CT-1118. 12.51 grams.

581. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1745q.

S-P50;

Odd-shaped flan with full but doubled cross, bold denomination between pillars, parts of two dates, no toning, corroded around edge. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-30a; CT-1131. 12.11 grams.

Dodington, sunk in 1755 off South Africa

582. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1752q. S-P52; KM-40; CT-364. 24.44 grams. Full pillars with bold date, nearly full cross with partial

second date below, light corrosion on surfaces and around edge, scarce provenance. With 1996 photo-certificate #DOD108 from the salvager, and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #577. Estimate: $200-$300.

583. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF,

ex-Holmes. KM-103; CT-797. 23.25 grams. Bold XF details all over, with

minimal surface corrosion but “chewed” rims, lightly toned, scarce provenance. Pedigreed to the Dan Holmes collection (Goldberg auction lot #5215, with original lot-tag), and with certificate #GACDDD00257 from the salvager. Estimate: $175-$250.

157


Unidentified ca.-1755 wreck off Spain 584. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1749q. S-P50a; KM-39; CT-436. 11.61 grams. Good full cross, nice full pillars and waves, typically thick and chunky, no corrosion except on piece of edge, attractively toned, the 9 of the date clearly re-punched over another 9. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #564. Estimate: $150-$225.

Tilbury, sunk in 1757 off Nova Scotia, Canada

585. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1753MF. KM-104.1; CT-331. 23.31 grams. XF details with light surface

corrosion all over, faint toning, strange interior stress-cracks, scarce provenance. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

586. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1754MM, unalike crowns. KM-104.2; CT-337. 24.61 grams. Solid

coin but with moderate surface corrosion on pillars side (XF details), low contrast with spots of black, scarce provenance and desirable certificate. With original certificate #326 from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #268. Estimate: $200-$300.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

587. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1746MF.

KM-103; CT-800. 25.04 grams. XF details with nice contrast due to darkly

toned fields, light surface corrosion, 7/7 in date. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

588. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1748MF. KM-104.1; CT-323. 26.26 grams. Bold XF details, toned, minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

158


589. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1749MF, normal date. KM-104.1; CT-324. 26.01 grams. Choice XF

592. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1751MF. KM-104.1; CT-327. 23.99 grams. XF details with light surface

590. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

593. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1752MF. KM-104.1; CT-329. 25.09 grams. XF details, nice toning,

details with light toning, no corrosion, adjustment marks at top. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

1749MF, wide date. KM-104.1; CT-324. 23.89 grams. VF details with

contrasting toning, light to moderate surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

591. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1750MF. KM-104.1; CT-325. 25.46 grams. Bold VF details with contrasting toning, minimal surface corrosion, 7/7 in date. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

corrosion, good toning, re-punched 7 in date. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

594. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1753/2MF.

KM-104.1; CT-330. 24.80 grams. Scarce overdate (Gilboy M-8-26a), XF details with contrasting toning, light surface corrosion all over. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $275-$400.

159


595. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1754MF, both royal crowns, rare. KM-104.1; CT-333. 24.63 grams.

598. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1758MM. KM-104.2; CT-343. 26.17 grams. Sharp AU details, minimal

Rare final year of type with royal crowns atop both pillars (Gilboy M-8-28, rated at R3), XF details with contrasting toning, light surface corrosion all over. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

corrosion, nicely toned shield side but spots of black on pillars side. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

596. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755MM. KM-104.2; CT-338. 25.56 grams. Rainbow-toned VF with

599. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755JD.

597. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756MM. KM-104.2; CT-340. 25.64 grams. Choice XF+ details with light

600. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755JD. KM-

adjustment marks on globes, very light surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

toning, minimal corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

XF details with nice toning, very light surface corrosion, last digit of date possibly 5/3 (or just re-punched 5). Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-55.1; CT-312. 25.04 grams.

AU- details, good toning, minimal surface corrosion, re-punched 7 in date. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

55.1; CT-312. 25.14 grams.

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601. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756JM, dots over both mintmarks.

KM-55.1; CT-unl. 24.55 grams. AU- details with decent toning, areas of surface corrosion, re-punched 7 in date. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

Unidentified Revolutionary War-era (ca. 1781) wreck in the Chesapeake 602. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1779FF.

KM-106.2; CT-929. 26.20 grams. Bold AU details, no corrosion at all but some minor staining and lightly toned all over, interesting provenance that was popular when the coins hit the market ca. 2000 but practically unknown on the market today. With Sedwick certificate from 2000. Estimate: $175-$250.

Nicobar, sunk in 1783 off South Africa

603. Swedish copper “plate money� 1/2 daler, Fredrik I, 1727.

KM-PM65. 365 grams. Very choice specimen with no corrosion at all, bold and complete stamps showing king’s monogram and date (in corners) and denomination and mint (center), attractive copper color with rainbow hints, nice shape too (perfect square with clipped corners), certainly among the best specimens (albeit small) from this wreck. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Piedmont, sunk in 1795 off Lyme Bay, England

604. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1673E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-348.

606. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-361.

and-waves and cross due to peripheral flatness, not corrosion, deep but spotty toning. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #584. Estimate: $250-$375.

sion but much weak strike, darkly toned, two edge-splits. With original (hand-signed) certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

24.78 grams. Three bold dates (rare thus), bold but incomplete pillars-

24.75 grams. Bold date below full cross, bold full pillars, minimal corro-

605. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350. 607. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1677+76E, rare. S-P37b. 8.06 23.89 grams. Full but slightly doubled pillars and cross with two clear

dates, minimal corrosion but much peripheral flatness, hairline edgesplit. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1994, with original lot-tag #1417. Estimate: $175-$250.

grams. Much flatness but with clear (16)77 in legend on pillars side,

(6)76 below cross, lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador

608. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800IJ.

KM-97;

AU details with attractive light toning all over, minimal surface corrosion, weak rims. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #288. Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-655. 26.08 grams.

609. Clump of 5 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima, Peru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found. 137 grams total. Tight, leaning stack of solid coins with lots of green and white sandy encrustation, nice display. Estimate: $500-$750.

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610. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima, Peru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found except for one exposed reverse. 82.89 grams total. Tight, leaning stack of mostly solid coins, especially the bottom one, which shows the full reverse in AU detail, lots of brown and white and green sandy encrustation. Estimate: $300-$450.

611. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima, Peru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found. 88.03 grams total. Totally cocooned in white and green sandy encrustation with bits of shells, the coins in a tight but leaning stack. Estimate: $300-$450.

612. Clump of 2 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima,

Peru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found. 56.37 grams total. Cocoon of

white and green shelly encrustation, the coins only slightly offset to one another. Estimate: $200-$300.

613. Clump of 2 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima, Peru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found. 47.24 grams total. Two sea-

worn coins with lots of brown and green and white encrustation all over, slightly offset to one another. Estimate: $200-$300.

“Coconut wreck,� sunk ca. 1810 in deep water off Bermuda 614. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III,

1807TH. KM-109; CT-707. 25.45 grams. Choice AU specimen with no corrosion at all, slightly silvery but otherwise passable as non-salvage, the provenance rare and important as the deepest treasure ever salvaged. With photo-certificate #186 (Grade 1), and pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #321. Estimate: $250-$375.

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“Royals”: a Cob by Any Other Name… By Daniel Frank Sedwick Just about any coin series has a line of select, specially prepared pieces. In this auction alone (Treasure, U.S. & World Coin Auction #14) we see special products like piedforts (double- or triple-thick flans), proofs (polished dies), and high reliefs (deeply sculpted dies). Indeed the primary Spanish colonial mints had their own special products during the cob period of 1573-1773: The round presentation coins best known as “Royals.” 1 This name is often criticized, for it appears to have been conjured up in the 1960s-1970s as a sales tool, when Hans Schulman decreed one such coin as being “a coin not struck for the public, but for the king only”! 2 Some researchers believe the proper term for these coins is “galanos” (gallants), a term that appears in mint records from the early 1700s, 3 but these records do not make it clear what the “galano” coins are. Earlier U.S. numismatists used to call these coins simply “circulars,” 4 “rounds,” or “presentations.” 5 In Spain, commercial companies refer to these coins as “Tipo Real” (Royal type), while researchers tend to call them “redondos” (rounds), although at least one important early reference 6 goes to the other extreme and treats these coins as the norm while calling the regular cobs “recortadas” (“cuts,” not to be confused with the 1733-4 klippes that are properly called “recortadas”). But whether or not you believe these special round coins had some regal purpose, the fact is that “Royal” is the term that most properly relays the quality and importance of these pieces, so it has stuck. So why were they made? The connection to royalty can be dispelled by the fact that so many are known, not to mention that most never left the Western Hemisphere; but perhaps there is still some merit to the idea of Royals being some sort of presentation proofs7 or maybe just teaching tools for master minters to show perfect examples to apprentices. Also it is curious to note that the great majority of silver Royals are found holed for wearing as pendants, and quite a few of them also come with gilded surfaces, which Lazaro believes might have been done at the mints themselves. 8 Because there is such a strong connection to the church with the other special issues known as “Hearts,” it may be that Royals had some church function. One final theory is that Royals were commissioned by wealthy individuals who were required to turn their silver ingots into coins but wanted something better than just a bag of crude cobs in return (similar to the practice of striking huge “cincuentín” coins [50 reales] in Segovia, Spain). Silver Royals come in every denomination for their periods, which means everything but the ¼ real,9 and they were struck at the mints of Mexico City, Mexico; Lima, Peru; and Potosí, Bolivia. 10 There are also gold Royals, The Potosí mint alone made other, much rarer special issues as well, particularly the “Hearts” (see http://www.sedwickcoins.com/articles/hearts.htm) but also some zoomorphic shapes, none of which have any mention in mint documents. 2 Spanish Galleon Treasure, Schulman Coin & Mint, Inc. (New York) auction catalog of November 27-29, 1972, p. 27. Note he offers a second example in the next lot as “King Philip V’s second 1702 ‘Royal’,” as if it were the king’s personal property. 3 Lazo García, Carlos. Economía Colonial y Regimen Monetario, Peru: Siglos XVI-XIX (1992). 4 Particularly Pradeau in his Numismatic History of Mexico from the Pre-Columbian Epoch to 1823 (1938). 5 Ponterio catalogs to this day still call them “round Royal presentation strikes,” covering all bases. 6 Vidal Quadras y Ramón, Manuel. Catálogo de la colección de monedas y medallas de Manuel Vidal Quadras y Ramón de Barcelona (1892). 7 Poor grammar aside, perhaps Henry Christensen summed it up best: “The few perfectly round pieces with all details must have been 1

specimens struck to prove that they were able to produce them” (The Ubilla-Echevez Collection, Henry Christensen [New Jersey] auction catalog of October 8, 1964. 8 Lazaro, José Luis. Los redondos de Lima, Méjico y Potosí y otras acuñaciones especiales (1996), p. 11. 9 The ¼ real cobs of Lima and Potosí were discontinued by the early 1600s.

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but only from the Mexican mint. 11 Over the years we have seen the growth of the sub-terms “pseudo-Royals” and “quasi-Royals” in reference to the many coins (particularly from Potosí during and after the Great Transition in 1652) that are round or nearly so and impressively struck but clearly incomparable to the true Royals (generally on broader flans) for any given year and denomination. In addition, every now and then we run across regular cobs that were struck from distinctive Royal dies, as true Royals are not just round but are struck from specially prepared dies that sometimes have special ornamentation. At the very least a true Royal should be evenly struck on a round, flat flan. While not a universal rule, many Royals also demonstrate aligned axes, meaning the obverse and reverse line up to make the coin “reversible” when worn as a pendant. As expected, most Royals also have a hole near the edge for wearing. Royals were not made in every year, nor in every denomination within a given year. In fact the years of Royal strikings seem random, with some years totally absent and others with multiple sets of dies known. To date there has only been one publication—Lazaro—that is specifically dedicated to listing the known dates, but even that book only covers 8 reales. The smaller denominations are in fact much scarcer overall, with previously unknown dates entering the market nearly every year. Even after several decades of research, I am not confident of the completeness of my own listing of known Royals at the end of this article. What is not revealed by my list is rarity, for some dates are represented by multiple specimens with several different sets of dies while others are unique. In general the earlier the date or type, the rarer it is, as Philip II through IV are all rare from any of the mints, and any Mexican Royals from the 1600s are far rarer than 1700s examples. The very latest Royals under Charles III from Potosí are also extremely rare, as are the Louis I Royals of any of the mints. What my list does show is that there are far more Royals from Potosí than from Mexico or Lima, with the exception of 1/2R, which were made in some quantity under Philip V at Mexico. Probably the rarest and most important coin in this listing is the Lima 8R 1725M of Louis I, which is making its first appearance on the market with our Auction #14. Another important factor not revealed in my listing is value for each date and denomination and mint, which fluctuates greatly depending on population (rarity). Here, however, is a general range for each denomination and mint: Mexico 8E: $200,000-$350,000 Mexico 4R: $10,000-$50,000 Mexico 1R: $2,000-$6,000 Mexico 4E: $100,000-$200,000 Lima 4R: $7,500-$25,000 Lima 1R: $1,750-$5,000 Mexico 2E: $50,000-$100,000 Potosí 4R: $5,000-$15,000 Potosí 1R: $1000-$2,500 Mexico 1E: $25,000-$75,000 Mexico 2R: $5000-$15,000 Mexico 1/2R: $750-$1,650 Mexico 8R: $25,000-$100,000 Lima 2R: $3,500-$10,000 Lima 1/2R: $1,000-$2,500 Lima 8R: $15,000-$50,000 Potosí 2R: $2,500-$7,500 Potosí 1/2R: $1,000-$2,500 Potosí 8R: $5,000-$25,000 It should be clear from the above that Royals in general are underpriced, at least in silver. Overall the silver Royals compare very favorably with the top silver coins in other fields of numismatics. For example, a U.S. dollar of 1795 (the earliest available, still more than a century newer than the Spanish colonial coins) in VF-XF is worth around $20,000-$30,000, compared to a Potosí 8R Royal in the same grade for as little at $5,000. The smaller denominations are an even bigger bargain, especially considering how rare they are in general. A word of caution, Some believe there is a single 8 reales Royal from the mint of Bogotá, Colombia, but I believe that coin was simply unusually round and choice and not a special issue, especially since it did not bear any more of the legends than other Bogotá cobs of its period. 11 A few particularly round and well-struck examples of early Lima (Charles II) and late Bogotá (Ferdinand VI) are often considered Royals as well, but I do not consider them to be any more than particularly choice cobs. 10

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however: If you plan to collect Royals, budget for the middle of my ranges; like with so many other coins, the “cheap” coins in below-average quality are in fact harder to find than the best coins! If you budget well, you will acquire several specimens per year, but if you plan to pay too little you will never get enough coins to enjoy the project. Here follows my list of all known dates by denomination and mint. My hope is that this tabulation will at least be a start for someone to publish a more advanced work and will inspire collectors to not only use this list for their own collections but also to update the community at large when new dates appear.

List of Known Royals by Denomination and Mint GOLD 8 ESCUDOS (all Mexico) 1695L, 1698L, 1702L, 1711J, 1712J, 1713J, 1714J, 1715J, 1717J, 1718J, 1723J, 1728D, 1729R 12

4 ESCUDOS (all Mexico) 1711J, 1714J 2 ESCUDOS (all Mexico) 1711J, 1712/1J, 1722J 1 ESCUDO (all Mexico) 1714J, 1715J SILVER 8 REALES Mexico: Philip II assayer F 13, Philip III assayer F, Philip III assayer F-oD, 1607F, 1609A, 1610F, 1613F, 1614F, 1615F, 1617F, 1618D/F, 1621D, 1629D, 1632D, 1636P, 1639P, 1642P, 1646P, 1650P, 1674G, 167_G, 14 1678L, 1681/0L, 1682L, 1685L, 1686L, 1689/8L, 1690L, 1691/0L, 1691L, 1698L, 1699L, 1700L, 1702L, 1703L, 1704L, 1705J, 1706J, 1709J, 1711J, 1714/3/2J, 1714J, 1715J, 1716J, 1717J, 1719J, 1721J, 1722J, 1723J, 1724D (Philip V), 1724D (Louis I), 1725D (Louis I), 1725D (Philip V), 1726/5D, 1726D, 1727/5D, 1727D, 1729R, 1730G, 1730R/D, 1730R, 1733MF (klippe) 15 Lima: 1659V (“Star of Lima” type), 1684V, 1685R, 1686R, 1687R, 1688R, 1689V, 1691R, 1692V, 1693V, 1694M, 1695R, 1697H, 1700H, 1701H, 1704H, 1709M, 1714M, 1716M, 1719M, 1722M, 1723M, 1725M, 1726M, 1728N, 1729N, 1730N, 1735N, 1736N, 1738N, 1739V, 1746V, 1748V, 1752R

See note above regarding early Lima and late Bogota cobs that I believe are mistaken for Royals. The existence of Philip II Mexican Royals has not been 100% proven in my mind, for the “known” examples all show details more commensurate with Philip III and either unclear or possibly altered legends. 14 Last digit of date is just an ornament (Gerber collection, SpinkAmerica New York, December 1995). 15 This unique klippe Royal has a tulip edge like on the “pillar dollars” that began around the same time. 12 13

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Potosí: 1630T, 1631T, 1636T, 1637TR, 1638TR, 1639T, 1639TR, 1640TR, 1641TR, 1642TR, 1643TR, 1644TR 16, 1646T, 1647T, 1648T, 1649Z, 1649O, 1650O, 1651O, 1651E, 1652E (transitionals, several types), 1652E (post-transitional), 1653E, 1654E, 1655E, 1656E, 1657E, 1658E, 1658E/P, 1659E, 1660E, 1661E, 1662/1E, 1662E, 1663E, 1664E, 1665E, 1666E, 1667E, 1668E, 1669/8E, 1669E, 1670E, 1671E, 1672E, 1673E, 1674E, 1675E, 1676E, 1677E, 1678E, 1679C, 1680V, 1681V, 1682V, 1683V, 1684V, 1684VR, 1685VR, 1686VR, 1687VR, 1688VR, 1689VR, 1690VR, 1691VR, 1692VR, 1693VR, 1694VR, 1695VR, 1696VR, 1697VR, 1698F, 1699F, 1700F, 1701F, 1702Y, 1703Y, 1704/3Y, 1704Y, 1705Y, 1706Y, 1707Y, 1708Y, 1709Y, 1710Y, 1711Y, 1712Y, 1713Y, 1714Y, 1715Y, 1716Y, 1717Y, 1718Y, 1719Y, 1720Y, 1721Y, 1722Y, 1723Y, 1724Y, 1725Y (Louis I), 1726+25Y (Louis I), 1726Y (Louis I), 1727Y (Louis I), 1728M, 1729M, 1730M, 1731M, 1733YA, 1734E, 1735E, 1736E, 1737E, 1737M/E, 1737M, 1738M, 1739M, 1740M, 1740P/M, 1741P, 1742P, 1742C, 1743C, 1744C, 1744q, 1745q, 1746q, 1747q, 1748q, 1749q, 1750E, 1751E, 1751q, 1752q, 1753C, 1755q 17, 1756q, 1757q, 1759q, 1761V-Y, 1773V-Y 18 4 REALES Mexico: Philip III assayer F, 1631P, 1632P, 1639P, 1643P, 1647/6P, 1654P, 1658P, 1676L, 1678L, 1682L, 1689L, 1691/0L, 1695L, 1716J, 1719J, 1720J, 1721J, 1722J, 1723J, 1724D, 1725D, 1726D, 1730R Lima: 1714/3M, 1714M, 1718M, 1729N, 1730N, 1731N, 1736N, 1739V, 1746V Potosí: 1652E (post-transitional), 1653E, 1656E, 1659E, 1675E, 1677E, 1678E, 1679C, 1683V, 1697VR, 1697CH, 1703Y, 1709Y, 1714Y, 1717Y, 1720Y, 1727/6Y (Louis I), 1727Y (Louis I), 1731M, 1735E, 1738M, 1745q, 1749q 2 REALES Mexico: 1611/0F, 1668G, 1715J, 1730R Lima: 1685R, 1692V, 1698H, 1709/8M, 1709M, 1711M, 1712M, 1714M, 1716M, 1717M, 1718M, 1720M, 1722M, 1724M, 1727M, 1728N, 1729N, 1730N, 1732N, 1734N, 1736N, 1739N, 1741V, 1748V Potosí: 1652E (transitional), 1652E (post-transitional), 1654E, 1656E, 1659E, 1660E, 1661E, 1671E, 1683V, 1684V, 1685VR, 1686VR, 1687VR, 1690VR, 1691VR, 1692VR, 1696VR, 1697VR, 1702Y, 1704Y, 1709Y, 1715Y, 1716Y, 1720Y, 1721Y, 1722Y, 1725Y (Louis I), 1726Y (Louis I), 1727Y (Louis I), 1729M, 1741/0P, 1741P, 1742P, 1742C, 1743C, 1746q, 1747q, 1748q, 1749q, 1754q, 1756q, 1757q, 1759q 1 REAL Mexico: 1609A, 1643P, 1699L, 1715J, 1716J, 1718J, 1730R Lima: 1698H, 1706R, 1716M, 1730N, 1731N, 1736N, 1738N, 1746V, 1748V, 1749R

The date 1644 can be found with both normal assayer TR and something that looks more like FR, which is what the assayer looks like for 1640-43 as well. 17 Special shape, round but with a stem. 18 The 1773 is controversial, as it is not on a significantly wider flan than normal issues; it could just be a very well-struck non-Royal. 16

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Potosí: 1653E, 1654E, 1677E, 1679C, 1697F, 1702Y, 1708Y, 1710Y, 1715Y, 1721Y, 1722Y, 1723Y, 1724Y, 1726Y (Louis I), 1728M, 1733YA, 1733E, 1735E, 1739M, 1741P, 1745q, 1746q, 1747q, 1751q, 1754q, 1759q, 1760V-Y ½ REAL Mexico: 1705J, 1711J, 1713J, 1715J, 1716J, 1717J, 1718J, 1719J, 1720J, 1721J, 1722/0J, 1722J, 1723J, Philip V assayer J no date, 19 1724D (Philip V), 1724D (Louis I), 1725D (Philip V), 1725D (Louis I), 1726D (Philip V), 1726D (Louis I), 1727D, 1728D, 1730F, 1731F/D 20 Lima: 1704, 1742V, 1749R Potosí: 1655E, 1662E, 1683, 1713, 1719, 1736, 1748, 1753, 1759

APPENDIX Royals in this auction: 628. Mexico, 1 real, 1715J 629. Mexico, ½ real, 1717J 649. Lima, 8 reales, 1725M, Louis I (unique) 650. Lima, 8 reales, 1729N 673. Potosí, 8 reales, 1653E 675. Potosí, 8 reales, 1653E 699. Potosí, 8 reales, 1691VR 707. Potosí, 8 reales, 1704Y 712. Potosí, 8 reales, 1709Y 719. Potosí, 8 reales, 1717Y 721. Potosí, 8 reales, 1718Y 730. Potosí, 8 reales, 1734E 731. Potosí, 8 reales, 1735E

19 20

Internet only: 1437. Potosí, 8 reales, 1709Y 1464. Potosí, 1 real, 1654E Also one Heart: 706. Potosí, 8 reales, 1704Y

This coin has full legends but no date incorporated anywhere, clearly Philip V by monogram and assayer J. The only known specimen is cut into Heart shape.

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Mexico Silver Cobs Charles-Joanna, “Early Series”

615. Mexico City, Mexico, 3 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer Gothic R between bottoms of pillars, denomination as three bars, very rare. Nesmith-5d type; S-M1. 9.26 grams. Unique shield-side die, characterized by dots in the crown and legend ending in

IhOANA, the pillars side not a unique die but more important for showing the bold denomination III, assayer Gothic R and motto PLVSVL in an oval banner, the legends on both sides a mix of Gothic and Latin lettering, solid coin with minimal surface corrosion (XF details), nice light toning, well centered on a roundish flan. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

616. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-110b;

617. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

S-M10. 13.43 grams.

Nesmith-83; S-M9. 1.52 grams.

Round flan with mostly bold legends and inner details, lightly toned XF with hint of luster (some flat spots due to unevenness), die-crack at bottom-right of shield. Estimate: $200-$300.

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left, o in middle.

Broad flan with nearly full legends and good inner details, toned VF+ with faint trace of surface oxidation. Estimate: $350-$500.

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618. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,� assayer L to right, o to left, mintmark M in middle.

Broad flan with choice full legends, nice inner details, toned and problem-free VF. Estimate: $350-$500.

Nesmith-87 type; S-M9. 1.59 grams.

Shield-type

619. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)07F, rare first 621. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1731F. S-M26; KM-47a; dated issue. S-M15; KM-44.3; CT-91. 27.16 grams. Bold date and oMF, choice full shield and cross, nearly full crown but most of periphery flat, non-toned XF. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

CT-762. 26.90 grams. Choice full date and oMF, nearly full shield and cross (some flatness), scarce as non-salvage AVF, interesting shape (three points). Estimate: $300-$450.

620. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)22(J), rare, with 622. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer

5-petal flower countermark (1 real batu, 1814) for Madura Island (Sumenep), Indonesia, and chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient S-M22; KM-47 (host). 26.39 grams. Interesting

O below oM mintmark to left. S-M11; KM-36; CT-335. 13.65 grams.

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shape, with good full cross and shield, clear oM and date, toned AVF, the countermark at the top of the cross very clear, great example of a cob that traveled all the way around the globe! Estimate: $350-$500.

Broad flan with choice bold details, nearly full crown and legends in addition to the shield and cross-lions-castles, beautifully toned VF+. Estimate: $250-$375.

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623. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer

624. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1656P. S-M19; KM-38;

Bold oMP and 165 of date, good full cross and nearly full shield (both slightly off-center), toned Fine+ with minor edge-splits, traces of surface corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

O to left below mintmark oM. S-M11; KM-36; CT-335. 13.75 grams.

CT-712. 12.60 grams.

Broad flan with most of legends sharp, most of crown, nice full shield and good full cross (the quadrants flat), attractively rainbow-toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

625. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1658P. S-M19; KM-38; CT-714. 13.73 grams. Darkly toned and oxidized as probably from a burial or wreck, with bold oMP, bottom part of date, decent full cross, off-center shield, Fine overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

626. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1721J, rare. S-M22; KM-40; CT-1022. 12.53 grams. Harp-shaped flan with very bold and full date and oM, most of cross, Fine with flatness, toning and light surface corrosion as from an unspecified wreck (probably Rooswijk of 1739). Estimate: $300-$450.

627. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer O to right below denomination, mintmark oM to left (rare

variety). S-M11; KM-31; CT-502. 6.70 grams. Super-broad flan with full legends and crown, crisp interiors, AU with hint of luster and spots of

toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

628. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real Royal, 1715J, very rare. Far rarer than the 1/2R Royals of this period and in fact the first Mexican 1R Royal with have offered, with typically full details, AVF with toned fields, aligned axes, holed at bottom with tiny stripped hole outside that, also sure to be a popular date even though it has no physical connection to the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

S-M22; KM-R30; CT-1556. 2.95 grams.

629. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1717J. S-M22;

KM-R24; CT-1807. 1.63 grams. Perfect details as expected, VF with nice toning, aligned axes, with peripheral holes at top and to right of cross. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Klippes

630. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F, rare singleletter assayer. S-M27; KM-48; CT-767. 26.28 grams. Cob-style flan with

klippe design, clear oMF and denomination 8, bottom half of date, good full shield and cross, AVF with peripheral hole near top of cross. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1997, with original lot-tag #450. Estimate: $500-$750.

631. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28;

KM-48; CT-768. 26.75 grams. Choice AXF with full interior details and much legend, including crown and bold full date, nice toning, holed at top of cross (with perfectly aligned axes). Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of June 1995, with original lot-tag #313. Estimate: $600-$900.

632. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1734MF. S-M28; KM48; CT-770. 26.57 grams. Curiously nearly round as opposed to the typical

square-shape, with full legends and inner details, aligned axes, toned AXF with peripheral hole at bottom. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1995, with original lot-tag #529. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Lima Silver Cobs Early pillars type

633. Lima, Peru, 4 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rinc贸n) to left, legends HISP / NIARVM, motto as PL-VSVL-TR, rare. S-L1; KM-10.1; CT-unl. 12.50 grams. Choice XF specimen on a round flan with full legends and bold full inner details, the shield slightly doubled at the bottom only), nice toning and hint of luster, hairline edge-splits, hint of surface corrosion. Estimate: $3,000-up.

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Shield-type

634. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD-o8 (flat top) to right, *-P to left, very rare. S-L4; KM-unl; CT-unl. 27.14 grams. Choice

XF with light toning and great details (just a bit weak to the left of the shield), the crown especially nice and full, but the most important aspect is the bold oD-o8 to the right of the shield, the 8 of a very strange shape with flat top and open upper-right, which appears to be punched over something else (possibly an old denomination VIII, which would also explain the o above), a die-match with Sellschopp #95 (but different reverse), typically round and even slightly lustrous. Pedigreed to the Cay贸n auction of December 2008, with original lot-tag #1195. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

635. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 (round top) to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-146.

27.20 grams. Broad, round flan with full legends and crown, full inner details, nice VF with light brown toning and hint of luster. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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636. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 637. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 (round top) to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-

Crudely double-struck but with much bold detail (full crown and P-oD), nicely toned, AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $600-$900.

148. 27.17 grams.

Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD/X to right, very rare. S-L4; KM-9; CT-unl.

6.68 grams. Deeply toned AXF with choice inner details and much

legend, the all-important P-oD/X slightly doubled but clear, useful for die-linkage to the previous assayer-X issues. Estimate: $400-$600.

“Star of Lima” type

638. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, rare, Calicó Plate Coin. S-L5; KM-18.1; CT-264. 27.15 grams. Choice VF specimen (particularly rare as non-salvage) with nice full cross, full waves, bold L-*-M above 1659 date in middle, 8•V to left and right (rarer than the variety with V to left and 8 to right that is typical from the “Jupiter wreck” of 1659, hence the present coin is probably from a later striking), king’s ordinal IIII in legend, attractively old-toned, just a little double-struck. Plate Coin #264 in Calicó’s Numismática española, and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of January 2004, lot #1992. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

639. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type.

S-L5; KM-15; CT-989. 2.80 grams. Full and well-centered cross-and-

tressure, good but off-center pillars with full date in three digits (the 9 not even part of the die), mintmark L-*-M, assayer V to left and denomination I to right, VF with light surface corrosion all over (probably from the “Jupiter wreck” of 1659). Estimate: $350-$500.

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Pillars-and-waves

640. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-L6; KM-24; CT-227. 27.00 grams. Superb XF specimen with choice full inner details and much legend, including a third date (very rare thus), lovely toning, two small edge-splits, really a lovely cob and perfect for the “first-date” collector, as this is the year the Lima mint re-opened after the unauthorized “Star of Lima” series of 1659-1660. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

641. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1685R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-228. 26.79

grams. Nearly full pillars-and-waves and cross despite flat areas, bold

assayer and two mintmarks, four-digit date in legend, toned AVF. Estimate: $200-$300.

643. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1692V. S-L10; KM-24; CT-235. 27.09 grams. Small flan with very well-centered strike, choice full cross, full

pillars-and-waves, two dates and assayers, three mintmarks, attractively toned VF+. Estimate: $400-$600.

642. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-229. 26.59

644. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1692V. S-L10; KM-24; CT-235. 27.57

denominations, some flatness but otherwise AVF with toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

two mintmarks, VF with toning that is nice on the pillars side but spotty on the cross side. Estimate: $350-$500.

grams. Bold full cross, full pillars and bold full waves, two dates and

grams. Nice full pillars-and-waves, good full cross, three bold assayers,

175


645. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1698H. S-L13; KM-24; CT-243. 27.33

grams. Oval flan with slightly crude edge (as made), bold date and as-

sayer and mintmark on (off-center) pillars side, nearly full cross, VF for wear but mostly flat, lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

647. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1722M.

S-L20; KM-34; CT-644.

26.80 grams. Bold centers (cross and pillars, the latter with clear date)

but with extensive peripheral flatness, nicely toned VF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

646. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1714/3M. S-L20; KM-34; CT-636. 648. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1723M, rare. S-L20; KM-34; CT-

26.49 grams. Round flan with good full cross and pillars-and-waves (slightly off-center) despite flat strike here and there (the top of one pillar choice), two full dates, Fine with toning around details, light old marks. Estimate: $400-$600.

645. 26.17 grams. Very broad flan but with decent cross but off-center pillars side, two bold assayers, Fine with flat areas and toned fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

176


649. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales Royal, 1725M, Louis I, unique and highly important, Practical Book of Cobs Plate Coin.

S-L20a; KM-R39; CT-unl. 26.61 grams. Before this coin came to light about 10 years ago, the existence of Louis I Lima 8 reales of 1725 was some-

what conjectural (in contrast to the 1725 8 escudos, which are relatively common), as the very few non-Royal specimens appearing in major references were rather unclear, and no Royal examples were cited, even in Lázaro (1996). At the time the best we could do with this discovery coin was to snag a picture of it for the 4th edition of our Practical Book of Cobs; but now for the first time we have the coin for sale, and it will be exciting to see what it can do as a unique type-coin that also happens to be very boldly struck and choice, on a very broad flan with three bold dates, king’s name LVDOVICVS rather clear, and all the other choice details associated with Royals, albeit with the usual drawbacks too, like four plugged holes near the edge and light traces of gilding, still no worse than VF overall. Plate Coin on page 80 of the 4th edition (2007) of The Practical Book of Cobs, with Sedwick photo-letter from 2003. Estimate: $25,000-up.

650. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales Royal, 1729N, very rare, ex-Boyd. S-L21; KM-R34a; CT-616. 26.56 grams. A lovely coin, richly old-toned XF with NO HOLE (very rare thus), just some light old tooling in waves, minor doubling at top of cross, still very attractive and the kind of coin that gets passed down for generations from one important collector to another, this specific example purchased by the current consignor from a 1975 auction that anonymously featured choice cobs from the collection of F.C.C. Boyd, a huge collector in the first half of the 20th century. Similar to, but not a die-match with, Lázaro #23, rated at “RX” (no more than 3 specimens known), and comparable to a specimen that sold for $19,550 in the New York Sale (Baldwin / M & M) of December 2000 (lot #52). Pedigreed to the Superior auction of August 1975 (F.C.C. Boyd collection), with original lot-tag #2026, plated in the catalog. Estimate: $10,000-up. 177


651. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1737N.

S-L21; KM-34a; CT-658.

27.34 grams. Crude as usual for this period, still with decent centers

(full date) but the peripheries quite flat, no worse than Fine overall, nicely toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

652. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1740(N or V).

KM-34a. 27.01 grams. Crude, small, thick flan with bold date but not much else due

to extensive peripheral flatness, Fine for actual wear, with black toning in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

Potosí Silver Cobs Shield-type

653. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-erasure-C, very rare. S-P5; KM-5.1; CT-160. 26.78 grams. Choice full shield with bold

P and clear C under erasure to left (the erasure probably B/L with the B cobbled together from S- and X-punches), denomination o-VIII to right, full but slightly doubled cross, some legend but with oxidation in places, AXF overall with light toning. Important issue that was once believed to be La Plata (thanks to Sellschopp’s “guess” in 1971, proven wrong by Cunietti in 1988), just the third specimen we have offered at auction. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).

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654. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period), “Great Module.” S-P6; KM-5.1; CT-139 (under Lima). 27.32 grams.

Typically broad flan with much legend in addition to choice inner details (nice full crown too), this specimen not perfectly round like most but high grade (lustrous XF+, very lightly toned) and visually quite pleasing. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

655. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period), “Great Module.” S-P6; KM-5.1; CT-139 (under Lima). 26.60

grams. Very broad flan per the type, with full (P)HILIPPVS in legend,

decent shield and cross but somewhat weakly struck (in fact totally flat in one place near the edge), VF with toned fields, hint of luster. Estimate: $600-$900.

656. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer A, rare

error-variety with denomination as “VIIII”. S-P11; KM-5.1; CT-

Very nice specimen with full shield and crown and (slightly doubled) cross, bold assayer A and denomination with extra I (a famous die-error, not just double-struck), VF with toning around details. Estimate: $400-$600.

157. 27.19 grams.

657. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer RL. S-P13;

KM-5.1; CT-159. 27.17 grams. Lustrous

XF+ with full but doubled cross and shield, full P-RL and denomination o-VIII. Estimate: $300-$450.

658. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 27.17 grams. Big flan with bold king’s ordinal III, full P-R and shield and cross, but all somewhat doubled and crude, AVF overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

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659. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17; 662. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1645T. S-P30; KM-19a; CT-492.

KM-10; CT-124. 26.78 grams. Broad flan with good crown, bold P-Q, full shield and cross, Fine+ with patchy brown toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

25.82 grams. Oval flan with thick edge (in contrast to salvaged coins that are typically thin), good full shield and cross, bold date except for last digit, VF with toning on fields, hairline edge-split. While still rare as a dated cob of the 1640s, this date comes around more often than any other from 1640 to 1648. It’s slightly lower weight (uncorroded) hints at the raging scandal at the time. Estimate: $400-$600.

660. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17;

KM-10; CT-124. 26.46 grams. Richly old-toned VF+ with bold P-Q, nice full shield and (doubled cross). Pedigreed to the Jess Peters auction of June 1970, lot #1141. Estimate: $200-$300.

663. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer Z, no countermark, rare. S-P34; KM-19a. 25.49 grams. Broad flan with choice

full cross-lions-castles and shield, bold P-Z, flat peripheries, toned AXF, a coin with moderate rarity on three levels: for the assayer, for its lack of a countermark and for being non-salvage (also note the low weight, indicative of the scandal that broke just after this coin was issued). Estimate: $500-$750.

661. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)630(T).

S-P26; KM-19a;

Clear date, full shield and cross, darkly toned, with VF+ details despite light surface corrosion as from a shipwreck. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-472. 25.15 grams.

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664. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)50O, variety with dots between digits of date, with arms countermark on reverse.

S-P35; KM-unl; CT-unl. 28.05 grams. Fine+ with toned fields but much flatness, rare as non-salvage (also note the high weight), the P-O and 8-O clear, as is also the countermark and •0• of the date, an interesting one-year subtype that was not really noticed until Ponterio’s Capitana (1654) auction of 1999. Estimate: $250-$375.

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665. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, crowned-•F• coun- 666. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer E (1521-

termark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 20.94 grams. Bold date and countermark, also clear assayer to left, but most of coin flat and worn from corrosion as from the Capitana (1654), with typical split in edge, lightly toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

2), crowned-•F• countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b. 18.86 grams. Good full shield with bold countermark and clear P-E and 8-E, also much legend, but the cross side very worn and corroded, one edge-crack, lightly toned, typical specimen from the Capitana (1654). Estimate: $200-$300.

667. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left. S-P1; KM-3.2. 6.82 grams.

Richly toned XF+ with luster on fields, choice full shield and crown and cross-lions-castles, clear P-R, rare first coinage of Potosí. Estimate: $400-$600.

668. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)634(T), very rare, Plate Coin in Sellschopp.

Very clear date, nearly full shield and cross, toned Fine with flat spots and holed at edge, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection, Plate Coin #487. Estimate: $350-$500. S-P26; KM-14a. 6.24 grams.

669. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer L to left,

Plate Coin in Sellschopp (under Lima). S-P3; KM-2.2; CT-635. 3.35 grams. Round, thin flan with choice full shield and cross, bold assayer

and denomination, richly toned AXF with hole in crown / bottom of cross (aligned axes) and slight bend as a result, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection, Plate Coin #60. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1652 Transitionals 670. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type IV/A. S-P37; KM-A20.4; CT-432. 25.86 grams. Bold full crown and pillars

with (F)-8-IIII across top and ( E)-8-E across bottom, bold but offcenter shield with bold O-E-52 to right, Fine details with dark toning on fields, somewhat worn from corrosion as from the Capitana (1654). Estimate: $400-$600.

671. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1652E transitional, McLean

Type III, rare.

S-P37; KM-15.3; CT-unl. 7.05 grams. Richly old-toned Fine with full pillars showing P-H-E across top and E-2-P across bottom, bold date in legend, full but off-center shield with A-P-5 to left and O-E-2 to right. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pillars-and-waves

672. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional, McLean Type V, ex-Sellschopp. S-P37; KM-unl; CT-unl. 3.75

grams. Small flan with choice strike, the pillars side perfectly detailed with P-I-IIII across top and E•E across bottom, full but slightly off-center cross, nice XF with attractive toning, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection (SBC September, 1988), with original lot-tag #725, and pedigreed to our Auction #3 (lot 570). Estimate: $250-$375.

673. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1652E post-transitional (Transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top, with sun-over-

mountains countermark (Guatemala, Type II, 1839) on cross, rare, ex-Boyd, Plate Coin in Dasí. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 26.21 grams. Old-toned VF with impressive pedigree, full and well-centered inner details, the legends somewhat doubled but with clear third date,

small natural lacuna at bottom of cross, tiny hole at edge at top of cross, full but crude (F) countermark, perfectly round and a clear example of how special coins go from one major collection to another over the generations. Similar to Lázaro #133 but different dies. Pedigreed to the Superior auction of August 1975 (F.C.C. Boyd collection, lot #1753) and to the Galerie des Monnaies auction of February 1982 (lot #86) and Plate Coin on page 177 of Tomas Dasí’s Estudio de los Reales de a Ocho (1950). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

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674. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(transitional Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434.

27.18 grams. Full but partially flat pillars-and-waves and cross (the lat-

ter with old scratches across middle), full and bold crown (doubled) and 1-PH-6, three mintmarks, two assayers and dates, AVF with flat spots. Estimate: $250-$375.

675. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1653E, •PH• at top. S-P37a; KM-R21; CT-410. 27.41 grams. Choice strike with all details full, including legends, with practically no doubling or weak spots, VF for wear, with the usual hole near edge (at top of pillars side), traces of gilding in fields. Similar (but not identical) to Lázaro #135 and #137. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

676. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E, PH at top. S-P37a; 677. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1656E, PH at top. S-P37a; Nearly full pillars-and-waves and cross (the latter off-center), three dates, two assayers and mintmarks, king’s ordinal IIII, slightly concave Fine with light toning and faint surface corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-21; CT-439. 24.53 grams.

Full but off-center pillars and cross, with bold PH, two dates, three assayers and mintmarks, Fine+ with spotty toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-21; CT-440. 26.86 grams.

183


678. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, pomegranate at top on both sides. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-445. 27.73 grams. Nice full cross, full but slightly doubled pillars, two dates, three mintmarks and assayers, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

679. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1658E. S-P37a; KM-21. 27.88

681. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1663E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-452. 27.72 grams. Good full cross, bold and full but off-center pillars-and-

waves with clear 1663 date in legend (the other two dates visible too), two mintmarks and assayers, Fine with flat spots, toned around details. Estimate: $300-$450.

682. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1664E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-453.

grams. Broad and slightly barrel-shaped flan (more like a Mexican cob),

26.00 grams. Very bold full 1664 date in legend due to poor centering, the waves and cross still full and bold (choice full crown), three dates overall, and two mintmarks and assayers, richly toned VF+ with flat spots. Estimate: $350-$500.

680. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1662E.

683. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1665E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-454.

with full four-digit date in legend (the other two visible as well), full but somewhat flat pillars-and-waves and cross, bold king’s ordinal IIII, holed at edge near top of cross, Fine+ with light toning all over. Estimate: $250-$375.

451. 26.55 grams. Roundish

S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

flan with full and well-centered cross, one full pillar and very prominent full waves, parts of all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, full king’s name and ordinal, Fine+ with brown-toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

27.73 grams. Broad flan with much legend, full but partially flat pillars-

and-waves and cross, three bold mintmarks, parts of all three dates, richly old-toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

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684. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b; 687. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1674E.

Two clear dates (667 below cross) despite much flatness and wear (Fine), the pillars off-center but with nice full crown, three mintmarks, richly old-toned, with hairline edge-split, part of king’s name in legend. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-26; CT-342. 26.65 grams.

349. 27.30 grams. Full

S-P37b; KM-26; CT-

and well-centered pillars, nearly full cross, bold mintmark and king’s name, Fine+ with lots of flat areas, lightly toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

685. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-345. 688. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350. 25.92 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross with three bold dates,

two mintmarks and assayers, king’s name and ordinal (CAR)OLVS II, Fine+ with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

26.51 grams. Good full cross with choice crown above, one full pillar

with bold date and denomination, full (P)OTOSI, three assayers and mintmarks, lightly toned Fine+ with flat spots. Estimate: $300-$450.

686. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346. 689. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1676E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-351. 27.87 grams. Full pillars, nearly full cross, two bold dates and assay-

ers, slightly doubled Fine+ with flat spots, lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

27.61 grams. Full pillars with bold date and mintmark and assayer, full but off-center cross, king’s ordinal II, Fine+ with flat areas, lightly toned all over. Estimate: $300-$450.

185


690. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1681V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-363. 27.40 grams. Technically full pillars and cross but somewhat crude

and weakly struck for the period, still with three mintmarks and two assayers, CARO- of king’s name, Fine with toned fields, edge-split. Estimate: $300-$450.

693. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-366. 26.62 grams. Bold full pillars and cross (both well centered), with three

clear assayers, two dates, two edge-splits, Fine+ with toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

691. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1682V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-364. 694. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1685VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-368.

27.09 grams. Fine with much flatness and low contrast, still with full waves and two clear mintmarks and assayers, jagged edge (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

692. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-365. 27.16 grams. Full pillars and bold waves, full but doubled cross, two

dates and assayers, three mintmarks, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

26.94 grams. Relatively high grade (VF+) but crudely doubled, with full (P)OTOS(I) and (CA)ROLVS II, three dates, two assayers, light toning on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

695. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

Full crown and pillars and cross but all more or less doubled, parts of two dates and three assayers, bold (C )AROL(VS), Fine with much flatness and partially crude edge (as made), hairline scratches, toned around details. Estimate: $200-$300. 369. 27.74 grams.

186


696. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-372. 697. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1688VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-373.

28.15 grams. Crude strike (doubling and flatness) but with two dates,

three mintmarks, CAROLVS II, Fine+ with flat spots. Pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #362. Estimate: $200-$300.

26.59 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, nice crown with CA(ROLVS)

to right, all three dates visible (hence a curious instance of “eight 8’s” if you include the two denominations), lightly toned VF. With Historic Real Treasures photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

698. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

374. 26.91 grams. Choice

full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, well centered, with all three dates and mintmarks and assayers visible, nicely toned VF with edge-crack. Estimate: $350-$500.

699. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-R26; CT-329. 26.23 grams. Exact die-match with Lázaro #229 (rarity R3), with full and well-centered details (hint of doubling), toned fields, holed at edge to right of cross (through the O in CAROLVS), nice VF with evidence of tooling to remove gilding all over. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

187


700. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

703. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1701(F or Y). KM-26. 24.72

380. 26.81 grams.

Full but slightly doubled pillars, nearly full cross, all slightly off-center and with some weak strike but technically no worse than VF, two dates, three mintmarks, spots of dark oxidation. Estimate: $200-$300.

grams. Crude strike but with clear date and three mintmarks, doubled pillars, much flatness, crude edge, Fine with toning here and there, underweight as made, somewhat scarce. Estimate: $300-$450.

701. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

704. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-862.

Small, thick flan with choice full cross and pillars, two full crowns, three assayers, large edge-split, nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $300-$450.

383. 27.40 grams.

27.47 grams. Small, thick flan with well-centered strike, good full cross, clear date, somewhat crude as usual (peripheral flatness and jagged edge), Fine with toning in crevices. Estimate: $300-$450.

702. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1699F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-388. 705. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1703Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-863.

25.76 grams. Full pillars, nearly full cross, two bold dates and assayers, Fine+ with good toning, crudely jagged edge (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

27.05 grams. Good full pillars and cross, bold date and three assayers,

Fine with good toning, hint of surface oxidation. Estimate: $300$450.

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706. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Heart, 1704Y, rare, cover coin on dust jacket of Calicó. S-P43a; CT-848. 27.11 grams. While this

auction will go down in history for containing fourteen Royals, this Heart is much rarer and important, as it represents the ultimate in cob beauty, with the axes of the elegant pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles design perfectly aligned with the top stem and bottom point of the “heart” shape, which is an ancient Catholic symbol and therefore probably means Hearts like these were made specially for the Church (see http://www.sedwickcoins.com/articles/hearts.htm). The grandeur of such a shape in an 8-reales size is something to behold, far more impressive than the smaller denominations, which are many times more common (in fact, this the first 8R example we have offered at auction). This specimen grades at AXF, with nice old toning and no tooling or gilding, typically holed in the top of the stem; but the main attraction is the strike, which, while slightly doubled in places, was executed in such a way that the third date and the king’s ordinal show clearly in the tail at the bottom while both crowns occupy the top stem, earning this lovely coin a place on the dust jacket of the current Numismática española reference (Calicó). Lázaro #320, but not a die-match, also significant as the first known date of 8R Hearts. Plated in color on the dust jacket of Calicó’s Numismática española (2008). Estimate: $25,000-up.

189


707. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-805. 26.45 grams. As Royals go, the biggest factor for determining price is whether or not they were holed, for un-holed examples like this one are quite rare. This one is also impressively broad and well struck, with all details full and bold, also attractively toned, XF for grade, axes aligned (coin alignment), one of the best-quality Royals we have offered, far superior to Lázaro’s example (#243, rated at R3), which is different dies anyway. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of January 2001, with original lot-tag #1426. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

708. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-864.

25.85 grams. Completing our 1704 “set” is this regular-issue example,

a nice but typical specimen with bold date, two assayers, nearly full and well-centered pillars and cross on a typically fat, chunky flan, Fine+ with contrasting toning. The values of these three 1704 8R—all three among the best of their types, in fact—spans three orders of magnitude, but then so does their difference in beauty. How fun it would be for the same collector to win all three coins and keep them together as an example of what the mint could do but generally did not. Estimate: $350-$500.

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709. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-865. 26.94 grams. Very chunky and crude as usual but with full pillars and

cross, two dates and assayers, Fine+ with toning in crevices. Estimate: $300-$450.

710. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1707Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-867.

27.16 grams. Dramatically crude and chunky but with bold date, two

assayers and mintmarks, the pillars side aligned with a “tail” on the edge (like a Heart), Fine+ with toning in crevices, very scarce date. Estimate: $400-$600.

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711. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1708Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-868.

27.32 grams. Thick and chunky “pillow”-shaped flan with full cross and

nearly full pillars (the latter doubled in the center), lightly toned VF for type. Estimate: $300-$450.

712. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1709Y. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-810. 26.91 grams. Exact die-match with Lázaro #250, and in fact a superior example, with much legend visible (including full third date), nice toning and no worse than AVF for wear, but with some doubling at the top of the cross and the axes unaligned, holed at the top of the pillars. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

713. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1709Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-869. 26.74 grams. Bold and nearly full pillars and cross, three dates visible

(very rare for this period), also two assayers, typically crude with much flatness but well centered and nicely toned, Fine+ with edge-split, scarce date. Estimate: $300-$450.

714. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1710Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-870.

26.56 grams. Bold full pillars with clear date and assayer (very scarce), off-center cross, typically crude but no worse than Fine, with light toning, edge-split. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014). 191


715. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1712Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-872. 26.76 grams. Bold third date in legend (very rare thus, this date very

scarce anyway), with full and well-centered pillars-and-waves and cross, Fine with toned fields, edge-crack. Estimate: $300-$450.

717. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1715Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-875.

26.57 grams. Full pillars with bold date and assayer and mintmark, full cross too, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $500-$750.

716. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1714Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-874. 718. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1716Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-876. 26.56 grams. Very crude, chunky and uneven flan but with parts of all dates, but peripheries flat, VF for actual wear, nicely toned, scarce date. three dates and mintmarks and assayers (rare thus), technically full pillars and cross, Fine+ with edge-split. Estimate: $300-$450. Estimate: $300-$450.

26.66 grams. Choice centers (doubled on pillars side) with two bold

719. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1717Y, rare, Lázaro Plate Coin. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-818. 27.09 grams. Doubling and surface roughness aside, this is an exemplary coin, with NO HOLE, bold details, nice toning, and an excellent pedigree, AVF for wear, also interesting in displaying sideways-pomegranateshaped stops in the legends. Plate Coin #262 in Lázaro. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

720. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1717Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-877. 26.56 grams.

Nearly full pillars and cross with bold date but extensive peripheral flatness on a typically crude and chunky flan, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

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721. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1718Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-819. 26.91 grams. This Royal is an excellent example of the transition from the very broad and thin flans of the mid- to late 1600s to the small and thick flans of the mid-1700s, which typically show no legends, this specimen instead showing a clear third date and king’s ordinal, the date between the pillars with re-punched 8, lightly toned Fine with minimal doubling, also especially rare without a hole, and lacking in Lázaro since his #263 (which he rates at R4) shows pomegranate stops as opposed to the dots on this coin. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

722. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1718Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-878. 724. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1720Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-880. 27.06 grams. Broader flan than usual but still very chunky and uneven,

with good centers, full date and assayer, lightly toned AVF with surface granularity (as made) on the pillars side. Estimate: $300-$450.

26.85 grams. Broad but very crude flan with much unevenness and wonderfully jagged edge all around (almost as if the hammering blow nearly shattered it), still with full pillars and cross (the latter slightly doubled and both a bit weak), three assayers, Fine with toning in crevices, scarce date. Estimate: $300-$450.

723. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-879. 725. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1721Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-881. 26.33 grams. Bold full pillars with clear date and denomination, nearly

full cross, broad flan with peripheral flatness but less crude than usual, toned AVF with edge-splits, scarce date. Estimate: $350-$500.

26.50 grams. Full but off-center pillars with bold date and assayer, nearly full cross, typically crude with flatness in one place on both sides, AVF with light toning, edge-split, scarce date. Estimate: $300-$450.

193


726. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1722Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-882. 27.03 grams. Bold full pillars with two clear dates (rare thus), also choice

full cross-lions-castles, much better than usual for this period, toned VF with parts of edge jagged (as made), scarce. Estimate: $300-$450.

727. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-883. 26.25 grams. Very scarce date (clear), better than VF and fairly well

struck but with the most jagged edge (as made) imaginable, lightly toned in crevices. Estimate: $300-$450.

728. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1725Y, (Louis I), rare. S-P43b;

Well-centered strike but crude and chunky as usual, with full cross and pillars, Fine+ with toned fields, no part of king’s name visible but attributed to Louis I by default. Estimate: $400-$600.

KM-35; CT-24. 25.89 grams.

729. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1733YA, rare. S-P45; KM-31a; CT-891. 25.95 grams. Well-centered specimen with full inner details, bold assayer and parts of the other two, both dates and all three mintmarks clear, VF with toning, really one of the best specimens of this rare and desirable short-lived assayer, of whose work this date is arguably the rarer (not to mention that the 1732 is plagued by convincing fakes). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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730. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1734E, encapsulated NGC AU 58, very rare. S-P46; KM-R31a; CT-831. 26.8 grams. A perfect

example of the small, thick and perfectly round Royals from this period, this one very well preserved (note the NGC grade) and well struck, with all interior details full and bold (no legends, as expected), also beautifully toned, unholed, and with axes aligned by 90 degrees—like we said, a perfect example! Lázaro #281 for the date but not a die-match. Also note that this exemplary piece spawned some well-known fakes— shame on its previous owner (not the current consignor)! Estimate: $10,000-up.

731. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1735E. S-P46; KM-R31a; CT-832. 26.75 grams. This date appears to be less rare than other Royals of

this period, as Lázaro shows three different ones, and this coin is a die-match only with the pillars side of #283; but it is a nice one, with bold details all over set off by deeply toned fields, doubled only at the bottom of the cross, parts of legends on both sides (rare this late), typically holed at one end of the cross despite the fact that the axes are aligned, also nice grade at AXF. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

732. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1737E. S-P46; KM-31a; CT-897. 26.78 grams. Nice full pillars with bold details (albeit slightly doubled), about half of cross (also doubled), VF with good toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

195


733. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1742P. S-P48; KM-31a; CT-904.

26.18 grams. Small, thick flan with good detail, clear date, four P’s (two mintmarks and two assayers), toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

734. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1752q. S-P52; KM-40; CT-364.

27.00 grams. Unusually broad flan with much bold legend, both dates

and all three mintmarks and assayers visible, full pillars and cross, AVF with deeply toned fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

737. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1763V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-950. 27.10 grams. Very uneven and barrel-shaped flan with crude strike as a

result, still with nearly full pillars and cross, three full assayers, toned Fine+. Estimate: $250-$375.

738. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1766V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-953.

27.09 grams. Roundish flan with heart-like point, three full assayers, two dates, VF with nice old toning and characteristic rough areas on opposite sides of each side of the coin (as made). Accompanied by an original Almanzar’s tag (ca. 1980). Estimate: $300-$450.

735. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1757q. S-P54; KM-40; CT-374. 739. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1767V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-954. 26.77 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, two bold dates, nicely toned VF

with two mysterious but characteristic rough areas on opposite sides of each side of the coin (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

736. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1762V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-

949. 26.93 grams. Unusually round and well struck for the period, with

three dates (very rare thus), full pillars and cross-lions-castles, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

27.07 grams. Choice specimen, still chunky per the type but with full and bold and well-centered pillars and cross, two dates, three assayers, VF with contrasting toning, small edge-split. Estimate: $400-$600.

740. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772V-(Y). S-P57; KM-45; CT-

963. 27.07 grams. Very unusual shape with deep slit in edge, choice full cross, doubled pillars, nicely toned VF, aligned axes (coin alignment). Estimate: $250-$375.

196


741. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1657E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-749. 13.76 grams. Roundish flan with full pillars-and-waves and cross-lionscastles, much legend and full crown, three dates, AVF with patchy toning, minor weak spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

742. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT-517. 12.91 grams. High grade and well detailed but badly doubled all over, two dates, three assayers, (CA)ROLVS, toned VF with peripheral flatness. Estimate: $250-$375.

743. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1701Y. S-P43; KM-25. 13.50 grams. Crude and doubled but with clear date and assayer, Fine+ with good

toning, scarce. Estimate: $250-$375.

744. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1722Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1103. 12.22 grams. Full pillars with bold date and two assayers, good full cross with partial second date, richly toned Fine+, very scarce date. Estimate: $250-$375.

745. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1748q, ex-Huntington. S-P50a; KM-39; CT-435. 13.26 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross-

lions-castles, two bold dates and all three mintmarks and assayers, VF with nicely toned fields, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Archer M. Huntington collection (H.S.A.), with original tag #9588. Estimate: $350-$500.

746. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1682V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-611. 7.07 grams. Very broad flan (overweight, in fact) with nice XF details despite doubling and flatness, including three clear dates and mintmarks, two assayers, some toning and luster, the edge partially jagged (as made). Estimate: $200-$300. 747. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1748q. S-P50a; KM-38; CT-505. 6.52 grams. Choice full cross-lions-

castles, nice but off-center full pillars-and-waves with bold date, two mintmarks and assayers, richly old-toned VF, excellent specimen for the period. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Other Silver Cobs Panama

748. Burgos, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, with P countermark (for Panama[?]), rare. CT-Type 208 (host). 2.88 grams. Very deep countermark that protrudes from the other side of the coin, the host a decent VF with much Gothic legend and bold B mintmark on reverse, tiny hole near edge, lightly toned. Estimate: $600-$900.

749. Panama, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer oX to right, mintmark AP to left, quadrants of cross transposed, extremely

rare. S-AP1; KM-1; CT-721. 1.62 grams. This coin is a marriage of the monogram-side die of Proctor HR.1X and the cross-side die of Proctor HR.2X, and as such is unique and just the fourth known specimen for this assayer and denomination, and it is a nice one, with full and bold AP mintmark and king’s monogram (the oX to right a bit weak), full cross-lions-castles with transposition error, much legend, VF+ with orangish sediment on fields. Estimate: $3,500-up.

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198


An Important Santa Fe Cuartillo from an Old Collection By Herman Blanton

Copyright 2013 Herman Blanton

(Enlarged, originally 0.87 g, 5×7 mm)

From a late 19th century Spanish collection comes this distinctive cuartillo (1/4 real) featuring a corded periphery with lion rampant right. The lion punch is a major heraldic blunder, as by convention animals are supposed to face heraldic right, which means that to the viewer the lion should be facing left. Santa Fe frequently transposed (swapped positions of) the castles and lions on the shield, which aids the numismatist in attributing its cobs. There are also other heraldic errors which will be mentioned below, but this lion-facing-right error is egregious considering that, except for the periphery, the lion is the single element in the reverse die. This coin is likely an early version of the “corded style” coins which have thus far been only lightly addressed in Colombian numismatics. A discussion, therefore, is in order.

Corded Periphery Design The earliest mention of the corded periphery that I’ve found is Pradeau (37 and plate 1 no. 9), where he described and illustrated a cuartillo in the ANS collection:1 To the author’s knowledge only one specimen of what may be the [Mexico] 1552 silver cuartillas is known to exist. It is found in the cabinets of the American Numismatic Society of New York City. It shows a lion on one side and a castle on the other, both designs within a corded circle. The specimen seems to be crudely cut, Pl. 1, 9. Today we attribute this type of cuartillo to Santa Fe. By comparing the picture in Pradeau with the Huntington Collection of coins de-accessioned from the ANA and sold by Morton & Eden on March 6, 2013 (lot 224), we can say that these two cuartillos are not the same specimen. Barriga noticed that the design changed for silver coins after 1700 and mentioned the corded periphery on an illustrated 1721-dated four reales: “un cordon torcido circular ... dos columnas con base y capiteles coronados torneados [a cord twisted round ... two crowned turned columns with base and capitals].” I have written about the appearance of this design on a one real dated 1721 (Heritage #143, lot 23631) and in a review of the Huntington / Morton & Eden sale for the 50th anniversaty Boletín 94 magazine published in Bogotá by NumisCol this year.

1

Pradeau p. 147. Errata p.37—1st par.: the silver fourth of a real referred to and illustrated on Pl. I, No. 9 is not the right specimen. For the proper reproduction of one such piece consult Wayte Raymond’s THE COLLECTOR SERIES, No. 2, entitled: “The Coins of Mexico. Silver and Copper.” New York, 1940, plate on page 6, No. 1. Three varieties are known. This correction does not alter the fact that the coin illustrated is a corded cuartillo, which today is attributed to Santa Fe; the correction in the errata table means it is not Mexico.

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4 Reales 1721: 13.305 g, 23 mm Collection of the Banco de la RepĂşblica in BogotĂĄ, Colombia Cited in Barriga (I: 117)

Dating the Sedwick auction corded cuartillo

Obv:

Obv.

Rev: Sedwick cuartillo

Rev: Morton & Eden cuartillo lot 224 Courtesy Morton & Eden

With the current state of knowledge it is not possible to date this specimen to a specific year; however, through some analysis we can estimate a date range. It must be realized that this analysis is not proven and does not suggest the corded ring entirely displaced the solid ring design which had been in use since the mint opened; the solid ring design is found on other cuartillos that I attribute to Philip V, cf. Restrepo M14-2 and Sedwick auction #12, lot 1195.

200


We have four useful factors to consider. Three of these are the design style of castle, lion and peripheral cord. Before looking at these three we should consider the conspicuous heraldic error that the lion is facing the wrong direction; it should be facing left. If asked whether such an error is consistent with Santa Fe minting errors, we must answer yes, albeit this is an extreme error, so extreme that it helps us to date the coin.2 From my studies it is clear that punches and dies from the initial opening of the mint in 1627 were used for many years; in fact I’ve seen a 1694 two reales made with the lion punch that dates even further back, to the 1622 two reales of Cartagena! [Blanton: unpublished monograph]. By the early 1690s these punches, dies and presumably some of the other tools in the mint workshop must have been worn out. After Buenaventura de Arce was approved assayer in 1691 the low quality of the coins continued for some years but eventually improved to the point where, in 1721, the year Arce left office, the silver coins are much improved and are in fact quite beautiful. We can’t necessarily credit Arce for the improvement, but his initials are on the coins. The following are a few examples of errors produced in the first decade of Arce’s tenure.

4 reales, 1693, assayer VA (not visible), 24 mm [Morton & Eden lot 223] Two errors: (1) the numeral 6 of the date 1693 is backwards and upside down, and (2) the bottom-right castle on the obverse is upside-down (not recognizable due to Guatemala countermark of 1839, cf. Restrepo M60-16).

2

Interestingly, royal authorities in Madrid would create another heraldic error in connection with Secret Royal Ordinances of March 18, 1771 (which reduced the purity) and the public Proclamation of May 29, 1772 (announcing design changes to gold and silver coins). Along with the public proclamation the authorities of the Madrid mint supplied the colonial mints with sample uniface pattern pieces that showed the Golden Fleece suspended in the wrong direction on the reverse of the gold coins. The colonial mints followed the patterns and issued gold coins with this error. Authorities in Spain sent instructions to rectify this. During the years 1772-74 the colonial mints issued coins with this heraldic error, so accordingly these milled gold coins can be dated to the time frame 1772-74 by virtue of this heraldic error alone. See Carlos Jara’s “Orientation of the Golden Fleece on Spanish Colonial Eight Escudos” in Numismatics International Bulletin Vol. 47, Nos. 3 / 4 (March / April 2012) pp. 53-60. Also see Restrepo, p. 114.

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2 escudos 1694/3, 21 mm [Sedwick auction #10, lot 43] Multiple errors: (1) lions and castles (obverse) are swapped (a frequent error with Santa Fe) but in this case they are also upside-down; (2) the Portugal shield on the obverse is also upside-down; and (3) the lily flowers on the reverse located between the cross-arms of the cross are backwards in that the “scissors blades” point outward instead of inward.

2 escudos 1702, 19 mm [Sedwick auction #10, lot 47] Two significant errors: (1) the date 1702 located on the reverse at 10 o’clock reads outward and is reversed so the date appears as “2071”; and (2) the names of two kings are on the coin: Obverse shows CARO(LVS II) and reverse shows PHILIPVS (V).

Design elements of the corded cuartillo The castle has three towers, of which the outside two lean outwards; the right tower is especially prominent. The castle door is towards the right, which is opposite of the castle seen on earlier examples. The lion is a distinct design and should be facing left but instead faces right. This is the first instance of this error seen on a coin of Santa Fe. The peripheral cord design is crude, especially when compared to the Morton & Eden cuartillo. The distinct castle and lion designs suggest that the punches for these were made after the original punches had been worn out and retired around the mid-1690s. Because the lion facing right is such a significant heraldic error, it seems most likely that the lion punch was made during the height of mistakes in the first decade or so (16911702) of assayer Buenaventura de Arce. Considering all four factors—castle punch design, lion punch design, lion punch error and the corded periphery—leads me to date the coin in the range of 1704-1720. Since by 1721 the corded design is well executed, this cuartillo with its crude periphery is more likely from the early part of that range.

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Production figures from Barriga: Mint records 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709-1715 1716 1717-1721 1722

Marks of silver (Barriga I:122) 1332 1711 554 1013 none 517 211 none 137 none 786

Denominations (Barriga III: 536) 8 reales 8 reales 1/4 real 1/4 real 1/4 real 1/4 real 1/4 real 1, 4 & 8 reales

These data from Barriga must be considered carefully. By matching known dated coins against Barriga’s data it is clear that the mint records are dated for the report, not for the date applied on the coins. Furthermore we don’t know if reports were prepared annually or not. Because we know of 1721-dated specimens, the record in Barriga of “no hubo acuñacion” for 1721 probably means that the coins dated 1721 are recorded in the 1722 report. Therefore since the data for 1704 may be for coins dated 1703, and the known 1703 eight reales does not have a corded design, we can assume that the corded design cuartillo is not 1703 either. This is reinforced by the attribution of a solid-ring cuartillo in Restrepo to the date 1703 based on matching punches to the eight reales. [Restrepo M53-2] If my hypothesis is correct that the lion punch was made in 1691-1702, then cuartillos with this punch could have been made in that period but without the corded design; in other words this error lion punch could also have been used with a solid peripheral ring design cuartillo. The Sedwick specimen with both the heraldic error and the crude corded periphery was probably struck after 1703 but before 1721, so the mint record years for production are 1704, 1705, 1707, 1708 and 1716. Since it is possible these years include prior-year production, then the date range for the heraldic error cuartillo is 1704-16 (after ruling out 1703) and more likely earlier than later, so that the narrowest date range we want to estimate for the striking is 1704-1708. Since these years were during the War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714), the coin can be considered Charles II posthumous (following Restrepo) or Charles III of Austria (following the Spanish references by Calicó and Cayón).3

References Barriga Villalba, A.M. 1969. Historia de la Casa de Moneda. Bogotá. Banco de la Republica (de Colombia) 3 volumes. Morton & Eden, in Association with Sotheby’s. 2013. The Huntington Collection of Spanish Colonial Coins (London, Wednesday 6, March 2013). London, England. Pradeau, Alberto F. 1978. Numismatic History of Mexico. Reprint of 1938 first edition with annotations and revisions by Clyde Hubbard. New York: Sanford J. Durst. Restrepo, Jorge Emilio. 2012. Coins of Colombia (Spanish Colonial and Republican) 1619 to 2012. Fourth edition. First English edition. Medellin, Colombia. Sedwick, Daniel Frank. 2011. Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October 25-26, 2011). Winter Park, FL. Sedwick, Daniel Frank. 2012. Treasure and World Coin Auction #12 (October 25-26, 2012). Winter Park, FL.

3

Santa Fe cobs struck from 1700-14 for the most part are in the name of Charles with ordinal II. For example see Sedwick auction #10, lot 52, for a 2 escudo 1709 with clear ordinal II (decidedly not III). There are some in the name of Philip V, like the 2 escudos 1702 shown above. Some Spanish numismatists attribute the 1700-14 timeframe to Charles III of Austria, who was pretender to the throne of Spain after the death of Charles II in 1700.

203


Colombia 750. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not

visible (style of assayer R, 1642-51), mintmark (N)•R to right, denomination VIII to left, with Brazilian 480-reis countermark of 1643 (likely applied in modern times) on shield, rare.

S-B6; KM-unl; Restrepo-M44. 27.38 grams. Nice full shield and cross, some flatness but no worse than AVF for wear and beautifully old-toned, potentially the best feature being the very bold countermark except for our belief that it is a modern fabrication, the host coin still rare and desirable in any case, and a great example of how the authenticity of a countermark (or lack thereof ) does not necessarily apply to its host. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

751. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 1668, assayer Po.RS., very rare. S-B7a; Restrepo-M62.5; KM-12. 27.14 grams. Among the rarest coins to collect are Colombian silver cobs, for silver there was merely a by-product of the region’s massive gold production. Within the series, one of the tougher types to get is the Charles II 8 reales, for they do not come from any known hoards or shipwrecks except for a small run from the Piedmont wreck (1795) that has been off the market almost since it was found. And while these Charles II coins tend to be fairly well struck on broad flans, the fact is that relatively few come with full dates and assayers. This coin is the exception, for it shows not only a full 1668 to left and Po.RS. to left, but also full PLVS / VL / TRA, full NoR mintmark, full denomination VIII to right and even the full +-shaped ornament of dots to the left of the shield, in addition to the bottom half of all of the king’s name and ordinal CAROLVS II. For wear it is no worse than VF, with nice light toning all over (note its old pedigree). All in all we deem this coin superior to the three other publicly known specimens, only one of which (with shaved edge) is the same variety with denomination to right. Pedigreed to a late-19th or early-20th century collection passed on to the collector’s grandson in the 1940s. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

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204


752. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, Philip IV, style of

assayer Ramos (1650s), rare. S-B7; Restrepo-M14.1. 0.72 gram. Tiny

and unassuming, and only About Fine for wear (and off-center strike), but with enough of the distinctive castle and lion to match up with the 8R of the years 1651-1654 (note the castle entrance leaning to the left and the lion’s tail curving to the right), with possible flan clip to account for the slightly low weight. Pedigreed to our Auction #1 (lot #345). Estimate: $500-$750.

753. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, Philip IV, style of as-

sayer Ramos (1650s), rare. S-B7; Restrepo-M14.1. 0.85 gram. Full-size flan but with only about half the lion and half the castle visible due to uneven strike (a nice complement to the previous lot for showing different parts of the same punches), About Fine with lightly toned fields. (Note: the Restrepo reference lists this as 1651, but clearly the 8R of the years 1652-1654 show the same punches, so the date cannot be defined.) Pedigreed to a late-19th or early-20th century collection passed on to the collector’s grandson in the 1940s. Estimate: $500-$750.

754. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, posthumous Charles II or Philip V, style of assayer Arce (1704-1720), backwards lion and corded borders, unique. S-B11; Restrepo-unl. 0.87 gram. Colombian cob 1/4R are all rare, but after a few relatively prolific issues

under Philip IV, the denomination almost completely disappears, with only a handful of 1700s specimens in existence. Normally the way to attribute a Colombian 1/4R by date is to compare its castle and lion with the punches on 8R, for in effect the same 8R punches were used on the 1/4R in any given year. But in 1704-1720, according to mintage data in Barriga-Villalba, NO 8 REALES WERE STRUCK, which is corroborated by the lack of extant examples of those dates. The same mintage records, however, do show that 1/4R were struck in that period, and we believe there are now two known examples: the present coin and a similar corded-border piece (with different castle and lion) in the Archer M. Huntington collection (Morton & Eden, November 2012) that sold for 11,000 British pounds. (See the Blanton article above for further proof and narrower possible date-range.) Without a doubt this is a major discovery piece for Colombian numismatists and cuartillo scholars everywhere. About Fine with some weak strike, nicely toned in accordance with its old pedigree. Pedigreed to a late-19th or early-20th century collection passed on to the collector’s grandson in the 1940s. Estimate: $2,500-up.

205


Guatemala

755. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1747J. S-G1a; KM-11; CT-388. 13.04

grams. Full four-digit date (rare thus), decent detail for the type but

typically worn (Fine) and with several small lacunae, lightly toned, also rare as unholed. Estimate: $300-$450.

756. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1749J. S-G1a; KM-11; CT-390. 12.89

grams. Full crown and globes above nearly full date (very scarce), bold

HISPA above full crown on other side, unevenly struck Fine with light toning and hole at edge in middle of date. Estimate: $300-$450.

Spain (special issue for use in the New World) Ferdinand-Isabel

757. Seville, Spain (special issue for use in the New World), 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark S below crowned F on reverse, rare. CT-389. 3.19 grams. Bold full legends (all Latin lettering), full but partially weakly struck interiors, with clear mintmark at bottom of reverse and ‌ ornaments (vertically) flanking the shield, lightly toned AVF with slight surface oxidation and holed near edge, rare and popular as a special design struck only for use in the New World. Estimate: $400-$600.

758. Seville, Spain (special issue for use in the

New World), 1/2 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark S flanking crowned F on reverse, rare. CT-484. 1.20

grams. Bold full legends (Gothic lettering, with queen’s name as HELISABET) and full inner details, nicely toned VF with lightly oxidized surfaces, tiny hole near edge, rare and popular as a special design struck only for use in the New World. Estimate: $400-$600.

206


Spain Ferdinand-Isabel

759. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * to right of arrows, mintmark S to left of shield, rare variety with GRAN (Granada) in legend, Pellicer i Bru Plate Coin. CT-unl (Type 188). 13.23 grams. Choice, broad-flan specimen with all legends and

inner details full and well struck, XF+ with lovely old toning all over, important pedigree. Note: The planchet for this is not broad simply by caprice or whim; rather it is intentionally broad, for the engraver at the time stuffed the die with more legend lettering than on any other, in any denomination. The difference is the listing of the regions encompassed by the king and queen’s joint rule, which in full would read CASTEL (Castile) LEGIONIS (León) ARAGON GRANADA. Even the largest 8R do not show all of these names and typically stop before Aragon, with significant abbreviations along the way. Plate Coin #26 in Pellicer i Bru’s El Medio Duro (1971). Estimate: $1,500-up.

207


Ancient Coins Ancient Greece Aeolis 760. Aeolis, Myrina, AR tetradrachm, ca. 155-145 BC, Stephanophoric type.

Sacks Issue 29, obv. die 33; SNG von Aulock 1665; SNG Copenhagen 222. 16.40 grams. Laureate head

of Apollo right / Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch and phiale; monogram to left, omphalos and amphora at feet; all within laurel wreath. Choice, lustrous AU+. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Calabria

761. Calabria, Tarentum, AR nomos, 333-330 BC, “boy

on dolphin.” Vlasto 673; HN Italy 960. 7.82 grams. Youth on horseback

right, crowning horse with wreath / Phalanthos, holding grape bunch, astride dolphin left. Bold, well-centered XF with lustrous surfaces. Estimate: $400-$600.

762. Calabria, Tarentum, AR nomos, circa 280 BC, “boy on dolphin.” Vlasto 695; HN Italy 967. 7.80 grams. Warrior, preparing to cast spear, holding two others and shield, on horse rearing right / Phalanthos, holding dolphin, astride dolphin left. Bold, well-centered XF with lustrous surfaces. Estimate: $400-$600.

Kings of Macedon 763. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Philip II, 359-336 BC, lifetime issue, struck ca. 342-328 BC. Cf. Le Rider 476-94; SNG ANS 560-5. VF. 14.48 grams. Laure-

ate head of Zeus right / Youth on horseback right, holding palm; bee below horse’s belly, stern below horse’s foreleg. Choice AU with high relief and much luster. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

208


764. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), struck under Antipater, circa 332-326 BC, Amphipolis mint. Price 4. 17.17 grams.

Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; prow in left field. Lustrous AU-, struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $400-$600.

765. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), struck under Antipater, circa 332-326 BC, Amphipolis mint. Price 5. 17.16 grams.

Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; stern in the left field. Well-centered AU- with original luster. Estimate: $400-$600.

766. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 328-320 BC, Arados mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; AP monogram below throne. Lustrous AU-, well struck. Estimate: $400-$600.

Price 3309. 17.16 grams.

767. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great) lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), struck under Balakros, ca. 327-323 BC, mint of Tarsos, Cilicia. Price 3019.

16.38 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin

headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; plow in left field. Lustrous XF+, the portrait side slightly off-center. Estimate: $400-$600.

209


768. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 325-323 BC, Amphipolis mint. Price 93; Troxell E8. 17.22 grams. Head of Heracles

right wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; bucranium in left field. Well-centered and lustrous AU. Estimate: $400-$600.

769. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 325-323 BC, Amphipolis mint. 17.11 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing

lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; Lustrous AU-, struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $400-$600.

770. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Al-

exander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 325-323 BC, Amphipolis mint.

Price 1947. 16.93 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; uncertain emblem in the left field. AU with choice portrait, slightly jagged edge (as made), very light surface porosity. Estimate: $400-$600.

771. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm, Alexander III (the Great), possible lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC, Amphipolis mint. Price 78.

16.93 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; herm in the left field. Bold, well-centered UNC with lustrous fields, hairline flan-flaw on reverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

210


772. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 325-323 BC, mint of Tarsos, Cicilia. Price 3012. 17.09 grams. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; plow in left field. Bold, broad-flan AU with much luster, off-center strike. Estimate: $400-$600.

773. Kingdom of Macedon, AR tetradrachm,

Alexander III (the Great), lifetime issue (legs of Zeus not crossed), ca. 325-323 BC, mint of Tarsos, Cicilia. Price 2646. 17.06 grams. Head of Herak-

les right, wearing lion-skin headdress / Zeus seated on backless throne left, holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; letter in the left field and A below the throne. Bold obverse, AU- with lustrous fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

774. Kingdom of Macedon, AR drachm, Alexander III (the

Great), 336-323 BC, Abydos mint, struck 328-323 BC. Price

1501; ADM II, Series I, 14a (same rev. die). 4.25 grams. Nice XF+ with light toning and underlying luster, well centered and bold. Estimate: $250-$375.

775. Kingdom of Macedon, AR drachm, Alexander III (the Great), 336-323 BC, Miletos mint, struck 325-323 BC. Price

2090; M端ller 763. 4.29 grams. Bold XF+, well struck, with hint of toning.

Estimate: $250-$375.

Kings of Thrace 776. Kings of Thrace, Lysimachus, AR tetradrachm, Lamp-

sakos, 297-281 BC, encapsulated NGC Ch VF Strike 5/5 Surface 3/5. Thompson, Lysimachus, 50; M端ller, Lysimacus, 91. Deified head

of Alexander the Great right, rev., Athena seated left; torch in left field, crescent below. Estimate: $500-$750.

211


Mysia

Thessaly

777. Mysia, Parion, AR hemidrachm, ca. 400-300 BC. SNG France 1367-72. 2.39 grams. Gorgoneion / Cow standing left, head right;

PI and star below. VF+, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

780. Thessaly, Larissa, AR drachm, 350-325 BC. SNG Cop. 121.

6.00 grams. Head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair in ampyx

/ Horse standing right, preparing to lie down. Bold VF, well struck, with attractive old toning all over. Pedigreed to the Kuenker auction of October 2002, with original lot-tag #107. Estimate: $400-$600.

Phoenicia

Thrace

778. Phoenicia, Arados, AR drachm, circa 172/1-111/0 BC.

Duyrat 2657-60 var.; Rouvier 211; HGC 10, 63; DCA 774. 3.83 grams. Bee; koppa (date) to left, RE to right / Stag standing right; palm tree in background. VF, fairly well centered, all details bold. Estimate: $350-$500.

781. Thrace, Cherronesos, AR hemidrachm, ca. 400-350

BC. Sear 1606 cf. 2.31 grams. Forepart of lion right, looking back, paws

Pontos

raised / Quadripartite include square, the alternate depressions deeper and one square containing an X and a pellet. VF+ with light toning, good strike. Estimate: $200-$300.

779. Pontos, Amisos, AR half siglos-hemidrachm, 4th century BC. 4.11 grams. Head of Hera right, wearing turreted crown /

782. Thrace, Cherronesos, AR hemidrachm, ca. 400-350 BC.

Owl standing facing, wings spread, on shield. Bold VF+ with slightly granular surfaces. Estimate: $250-$375.

Sear 1602; McClean 4056. 2.47 grams. Forepart of lion right, looking back, paws raised / Quadripartite include square, the alternate depressions deeper and two containing a pellet. Bold strike, AXF, hint of toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

212


Ancient India 783. Kusana Empire, AV dinar, Vasudeva II and successors (ca. 295-385 BCE). Gobl 577; Donum Burns 726; Mitchiner, ACW 3549. 7.87 grams. King standing left, wearing conical crown with nimbus,

holding trident and sacrificing at altar; trident standard behind, symbols in fields / Ardokhsho seated facing, holding cornucopiae; tamgha to left. Choice XF with hint of red toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

Byzantine Empire

784. Byzantine Empire, AV scyphate histame-

non nomisma, Michael VIII (1071-1078 AD). Sear 1868. 4.28 grams. nimbate bust of Christ holding gospels / bust of emperor holding labarum and globus cruciger. Choice XF+ with luster, extensive copper crust around edge on both sides. Estimate: $300-$450.

785. Byzantine Empire, AV solidus, Constant II with Constan-

tine IV, 641-668 BCE. Sear 964. 4.44 grams. Facing busts of Constans, with long beard, on left, wearing plumed helmet with cross on circlet and chlamys, and Constantine IV, on right, wearing crown with cross on circlet and chlamys; in field above, between them, cross / / Cross potent on four steps between Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing; in exergue, CONOB. Mint State, lustrous and well struck (the reverse very slightly off-center). Estimate: $600-$900.

Sasanian Dynasty 786. Sasanian Dynasty, AR drachm, Ardashir I

(223/4-240 BCE). Paruck 42. 4.22 grams. Bust right, wearing diadem and close-fitting headdress with korymbos and no earflaps / Fire altar with diadems; no attendants. Deeply toned VF, nice details. Estimate: $300-$450.

213


World Silver Coins Argentina (River Plate Provinces) 787. Argentina (La Rioja), 8 reales, 1836P. KM-20. 26.87 grams.

Problem-free XF+ with well-struck details, parts of rims weak due to centering issues, hint of toning and luster. Estimate: $600-$900.

Argentina (La Rioja)

788. La Rioja, Argentina, 8 reales, 1838R. KM-8. 27.27 grams. Nicely toned AU with hint of luster, no problems. Estimate: $800-$1,000.

Argentina (Republic)

789. Argentina, 1 peso, 1883, encapsulated NGC AU 58 (tied for finest known in NGC census). KM-29. Lustrous and almost devoid of bagmarks, but with slightly weak strike in highest points of hair that is generally mistaken for wear, so we feel it is actually Mint State and therefore should be considered finest known. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 214


790. Argentina, copper-nickel 20 centavos, 1899, encapsulated NGC MS 64, only known specimen graded by NGC (therefore finest). KM-36. Lustrous and lightly toned, no wear or

bagmarks at all. Estimate: $400-$600.

Austrian States Holy Roman Empire

791. Austria (Holy Roman Empire), thaler, Archduke Leo- 792. Austria (Holy Roman Empire), 6 kreuzer, Joseph I, pold, 1621, Ensisheim mint. Dav-3346. 28.15 grams. Lustrous AU with very slight granularity from rusty dies, the broad flan extending beyond the rims. Estimate: $400-$600.

1707. KM-1491. 2.45 grams. Nice XF with deep rainbow toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $200-$300.

Salzburg 793. Salzburg, Austria, thaler, archbishop Paris Graf von Lodron, 1639/3, unlisted overdate.

KM-87 (unl overdate). 28.58 grams. AXF with attractive old toning in legends, stress-cracks in flan

and typical slight bend as struck from roller dies. Estimate: $300-$450.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).

215


Tyrol

794. Tyrol, Austria, thaler, Archduke Sigismund Guldiner, 1486, rare first date of thalers. Dav-8087. 30.57 grams. Bold VF with

deep rainbow toning all over, full details and no damage (unlike most known specimens), very popular and highly sought issue that is often seen in the form of a 20th-century restrike at a fraction of the value of this original. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 1994, with original lot-tag #840. Estimate: $3,500-up.

Bolivia (colonial) Pillars

795. Potos铆, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1767JR, 4-petal rosette below shield, rare first date of issue. KM-50; CT-966. 26.82 grams. Bold VF+ with light rainbow toning, well struck and attractive despite minute surface pitting, very important and highly sought

first-date specimen from this mint (struck when cobs were still being made). Accompanied by a photo-certificate and metallurgical analysis by Aureo & Calic贸 (Barcelona, Spain). Estimate: $1,500-up.

216


796. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770JR. KM-50; CT-972. 26.95 grams. Bold and highly lustrous AU, very lightly cleaned, minor marks only. Estimate: $600-$900.

797. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1769JR,

fancy 9, round-top 6 over straight 6 in date (very rare). KM-unl

(49 for type); CT-1170. 13.38 grams. XF with muted luster, toned around details, well struck with very clear rectification of the 6 in the date with a new punch. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

Busts

798. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ,

encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-84; CT-606. Lustrous and very lightly toned, areas of slightly weak strike as usual. Estimate: $200-$300.

799. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ,

encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-84; CT-610. Well-struck bust but central-vertical streak of slightly weak strike on reverse as usual, nice luster and only the faintest of marks. Estimate: $200-$300.

217


800. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1800PP. KM-72;

CT-877. 13.31 grams. Weakly

struck but with too much luster and lack of marks to be any lower than XF grade, very lightly toned, broad flan with prominent rims, scarce type. Estimate: $200-$300.

Bolivia (Republic)

801. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1827JM. KM-97. 27.00 grams. Nicely

toned AU- with underlying luster, rim-bruise at 7 o’clock and faint rubs after LA in legend and in front of Bolívar’s eyes. Estimate: $250-$375.

804. Bolivia, steel hub for 10 centavos 1872-1883, rare.

KM-158.1 or 158.2. 355 grams. Unlike with hand-struck issues, modern coin-making does not consist of punching elements directly into a die but instead involves transferring a plaster sculpture to what is known as a hub, like we see here, which looks just like a coin stuck to a die. The hub is then struck onto an actual die that is used to strike the coins. The present piece was a hub for the whole series and therefore does not contain the assayers’ letters, which were added later to the master die. Most hubs and dies are destroyed after they are no longer used, so this piece is rare by definition. All details are strong and even, with traces of rust on the fields, as expected. Estimate: $350-$500.

802. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1840LR, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-97. Good toning and underlying luster, minor marks only. Estimate: $250-$375.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

803. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1841LR, encapsulated NGC AU

55. KM-103. Lightly toned with much luster (especially in legends), weak tree and head as usual. Estimate: $250-$375.

218


Brazil (colonial) Alfonso VI 805. Brazil, 600 reis, crowned-”600” countermark (1663) on cross side of a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1664, rare.

Russo-12; KM-19.2. 21.03 grams. Full and bold but doubled countermark,

the host coin rather nice with full pillars-and-waves and cross-lionscastles, king’s ordinal IIII and two dates, nicely toned but moderately corroded all over. Pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #333. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pedro II

806. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, Pedro II, 1695, large

crown.

Weakly struck but with too much luster and lack of marks to be any lower than XF grade, slightly crude rims (as made), scarce. Estimate: $400-$600. Russo-112; KM-83.1. 18.85 grams.

808. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, Pedro II, 1698. Russo-128;

KM-84. 18.96 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned AU with high points slightly weak, also very weak strike near rim at 3 o’clock on obverse, interesting 4 in denomination with extended right side and prominent serif. Estimate: $200-$300.

807. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, Pedro II, 1696. Russo-126; 809. Brazil (Rio mint), 640 reis, Pedro II 1699/8, unlisted

KM-84. 18.80 grams. Lustrous AU with high points slightly weak, crudely struck rims. Estimate: $200-$300.

overdate. Russo-unl. (cf. 136); KM-unl (90.1 for type). 18.97 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AU with slightly crude strike and rims, underlying luster, bold overdate, interesting 4 in denomination with extended right side and prominent serif. Estimate: $200-$300.

219


810. Brazil (Bahia mint), 320 reis, Pedro II, 1695. Russo-111;

XF with nice old toning, large-crown variety. Estimate: $350-$500. KM-81.2. 9.21 grams.

811. Brazil (Bahia mint), 320 reis, Pedro II, 1696, narrow

crown. Russo-122; KM-82. 9.49 grams. Lightly toned with much underlying luster, AU with high points slightly weak. Estimate: $350-$500.

José I

812. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, José I, 1757-B. Russo-189;

815. Brazil (Bahia mint), 600 reis, José I, 1756-B. Russo-225;

KM-170.3. 18.81 grams. Lustrous

XF with high points weak, old scrape in center of reverse, scarce two-year type. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-179. 17.54 grams. XF with luster, starting to tone, slightly weak centers, scarcer mint for issue. Estimate: $250-$375.

813. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 640 reis, José I, 1768. Russo-173;

816. Brazil (Rio mint), 600 reis, José I, 1774-R. Russo-295; KM-

KM-193.2. 17.56 grams. Deeply

toned AU with underlying luster, high points slightly weak. Estimate: $200-$300.

814. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 640 reis, José I, 1771. Russo-174; KM-193.2. 18.02 grams. Lightly toned AU with strong underlying luster,

some dark sediment. Estimate: $200-$300.

194. 17.71 grams. Bold AU details but lightly cleaned, part of reverse rim crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

817. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 320 reis, José I, 1768. Russo-182;

Deeply toned AU with underlying luster, high points slightly weak, also weak strike near obverse rim at 9 o’clock. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-192.1. 8.28 grams.

220


818. Brazil (Rio mint), 300 reis, José I, 1754-R. Russo-261; KM-186. 8.40 grams. Lightly toned XF with hint of luster, slightly weak center

on reverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

819. Brazil (Rio mint), 300 reis, José I, 1757-R. Russo-264; KM-186. 8.71 grams. AU details, lightly toned with underlying luster but also light old scratches all over. Estimate: $400-$600.

820. Brazil (Rio mint), 300 reis, José I, 1771-R. Russo-291; KM-196. 8.57 grams. Nicely toned XF with underlying luster, old scratches,

variety with lines on globe straight instead of curved. Estimate: $400-$600.

821. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 160 reis, José I, 1768. Russo-171; KM-191.1. 4.04 grams. Richly old-toned XF

with minor damage (probably solder removed) near top of reverse rim. Estimate: $200-$300.

822. Brazil (Rio mint), 150 reis, José I, 1754-R.

Bold AXF with light toning and underlying luster, old scratches, much scarcer issue than catalogs indicate. Estimate: $500-$750.

Russo-253; KM-185. 4.31 grams.

Maria I

823. Brazil (Rio mint), 640 reis, Maria I, 1794-R. Russo-381; KM-222.2. 17.58 grams. Beautifully rainbow-toned AU- with underlying

luster, nice rims, scarce. Estimate: $250-$375.

825. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 320 reis, Maria I and Pedro

III, 1779. Russo-315; KM-206. 8.82 grams. Lightly toned AU with much underlying luster, faint adjustment marks in centers, very attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

824. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, Maria I, 1799-B. Russo-369; 826. Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 320 reis, Maria I, 1793, high

KM-231.2. 18.48 grams. AU- with surface granularity on obverse, light toning and underlying luster, scarce issue and unusually overweight. Estimate: $250-$375.

crown. Russo-364; KM-221.1. 8.53 grams. Deeply old-toned XF with faint surface granularity, slightly crude rims. Estimate: $200-$300.

221


João Prince Regent

827. Brazil (Minas Gerais), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 830. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1812crowned-arms counterstamp (1808) on a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1797PP. Russo-450; KM-242. 26.44 grams.

Counterstamp XF, host VF+ with light toning all over and faint underlying luster, broad flan, crude rim with rim-bump at top. Estimate: $400-$600.

B, struck over a Valencia, Spain, 8 reales, 1811GS. Russo-397;

Bold and lustrous AU+ (no toning) with only traces of the undercoin visible but enough to attribute (unusual host). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $300-$450. KM-307.1. 26.69 grams.

828. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 831. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1811-B, struck over a Spanish or Spanish colonial bust 8 reales dated 1806. Russo-396; KM-307.1. 26.83 grams. Lustrous AU+

with much of the undercoin visible (just not the mint or assayer, but the date rather clear), toning around details. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

829. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1812B, struck over a Seville, Spain, 8 reales, 1809CN.

Russo-397;

KM-307.1. 26.71 grams. Lustrous AU+ with nice toning, much undercoin data visible, particularly the date. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $300-$450.

1813-B, struck over a Cádiz, Spain, 8 reales, 1813CJ. Russo-398;

Toned AU with underlying luster with much undercoin data visible, particularly the king’s ordinal VII. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-307.1. 26.83 grams.

832. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1815R, struck over a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, assayer PJ.

Russo-425; KM-307.3. 26.74 grams. Choice, lustrous Mint State with nice

light toning, some undercoin details visible but not the date. Estimate: $250-$375.

222


833. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816- 836. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, struck over a Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales, 1800FM.

AU with lovely rainbow toning and underlying luster, much undercoin details visible. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $350-$500.

Russo-401a; KM-307.1. 26.60 grams.

B, struck over a Madrid, Spain, 20 reales, José Napoleon, 1809AI. Russo-401a; KM-307.1. 26.72 grams. Lustrous UNC with light

toning, parts of (scarce) undercoin details boldly visible, faint scratches at 18 of date that appear to have been on the undercoin before the overstrike. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $350-$500.

834. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816- 837. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, struck over a Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, 1802JP. Russo-401a;

Highly lustrous Mint State with weak centers, traces of undercoin visible. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900. KM-307.1. 26.78 grams.

B, struck over a Seville, Spain, 8 reales, 1809CN. Russo-401a;

Very lustrous AU+ with weak centers, some undercoin details. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-307.1. 27.08 grams.

835. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816- 838. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, B, struck over a Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, 1803FJ (rare undercoin). Russo-401a; KM-307.1. 26.42 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned

AU- with faint underlying luster, weak centers, bold undercoin detail, scarce large flan. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

1816-B, struck over a Cádiz, Spain, 8 reales, 1813CJ. Russo-

Lustrous AU with high points slightly weak, lightly toned, parts of undercoin visible. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $300-$450. 401a; KM-307.1. 27.00 grams.

223


839. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of 1813 (date visible), with new edge from 1816. Russo-401a; KM-307.1. 26.43

grams. Choice AU with beautifully deep rainbow toning all over (lots of green and pink color), very bold undercoin date and other details, broad flan with re-applied rims. Estimate: $250-$375.

840. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, struck over a Madrid, Spain, 8 reales, 1815GI. Russo-401a;

KM-307.1. 26.65 grams. Richly old-toned AU with bold undercoin date (scarce) and other details. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $350-$500.

841. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, struck over a Seville, Spain 8 reales, 1815CJ. Russo-401a; KM-

307.1. 26.80 grams. Richly old-toned XF+ with strong undercoin details

like assayer CJ and king’s ordinal VII, doubled mintmark B/B, hint of luster. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $300-$450.

842. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816B, encapsulated NGC MS 63. Russo-401a; KM-307.1. Attractive toned,

with underlying luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

843. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1816-R, struck over a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, 1772FM. AU- with beautiful light rainbow toning all over, high points slightly weak, traces of undercoin visible. Estimate: $350-$500.

Russo-426; KM-307.3. 26.68 grams.

844. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1818-R, struck over a Spanish or Spanish colonial bust 8 reales dated 1808. Russo-428; KM-307.3. 26.83 grams. Lustrous Mint State, starting

to tone, with some undercoin details showing. Estimate: $250-$375.

224


845. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1818-R, struck over an Argentina (River Plate Provinces) 8 reales or 8 soles (1813 or 1815). Russo-428; KM-307.3. 26.59 grams. Choice AU+ with much luster, rainbow toning at rims, traces of “sunface” design visible (rare undercoin). Estimate: $250-$375.

846. Brazil (Bahia mint), 640 reis, João Prince Regent, 1809B. Russo-392; KM-256.1. 18.42 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) XF, nice

details. Estimate: $200-$300.

847. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, João Prince Regent, 1813-R, struck over a “J”-

type 300 reis, medal alignment. Russo-410; KM-255.4. 8.77 grams. Lustrous AU with tiny brown spots of toning, with traces of undercoin visible. Estimate: $200-$300.

João VI

848. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck over a Seville, Spain 8 reales, 1808CN. Russo-462; KM-326.2. 26.81

grams. Attractively toned Mint State with slightly weak centers, much underlying luster, traces of undercoin only. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $200-$300.

850. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck over a Spanish or Spanish colonial bust 8 reales dated 1816. Beautifully rainbow-toned AU with lustrous fields, bold details, much undercoin visible (especially the 1816 date). Estimate: $275-$400.

Russo-462; KM-326.2. 26.97 grams.

849. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck 851. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck

over a Madrid, Spain, 8 reales, 1813GJ. Russo-462; KM-326.2. 26.97

grams. Brightly lustrous UNC, boldly struck but somewhat crude, with much “interference” from undercoin detail and light scratches here and there. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

over a Guadalajara, Mexico, 8 reales, 1818FS.

Russo-462;

Lustrous XF with much “interference” from undercoin details, some of which are quite clear, slightly off-center strike, lightly toned. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900. KM-326.2. 26.03 grams.

225


852. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820, Rio-style

reverse. Russo-462c; KM-326.2. 26.76 grams. Bold and richly old-toned XF, the scarce reverse variety with diagonal lines at bottom of globe meeting at bottom instead of higher up. Estimate: $275-$400.

855. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1821-R, struck

over a Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, 1814JP, encapsulated NGC MS 64. Russo-479; KM-326.1. Choice specimen with light rainbow

toning over ample luster, nice details and some clear undercoin data, particularly the date. Estimate: $400-$600.

853. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-R. Russo-478;

KM-326.1. 26.91 grams. Huge-flan Mint State with much luster under and around spots of gorgeous rainbow toning (lots of purple and red color). Estimate: $275-$400.

856. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, João VI, 1818-R, no ornaments flanking date. Russo-unl. (cf. 468); KM-324.2. 8.88 grams. Lustrous

(lightly cleaned) AU, parts of rim weak due to improper centering, possibly rare variety with neither dots nor crosses flanking the date. Estimate: $250-$375.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids) 854. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1821-B, struck

over a Madrid, Spain, 8 reales, 1815GJ. Russo-463; KM-326.2. 27.04

grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AU with underlying luster, reverse struck off-center, with traces of undercoin peeking out. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

226

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325


Brazil (Empire) Pedro I

857. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1823-R, struck over a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1811JP (“imaginary bust”). Russo-504; KM-368.1. 26.56 grams. Lustrous AU with faint surface hairlines, much undercoin data visible, including date, king’s ordinal VII and almost the entire silhouette of the “imaginary” bust (rare undercoin). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

858. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1823-R, struck over a Lima, Peru, “Peru Libre” 8 reales of 1822-23JP. Russo-504; Lightly rainbow-toned XF with hint of luster, significant traces of undercoin design (very rare undercoin). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

KM-368.1. 26.72 grams.

859. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1823-R, struck over a Santiago, Chile, “volcano” peso, 1823FJ. Russo-504; KM-368.1. 26.34 grams. Very rare host, with date and assayer and other undercoin

design very clear, toned XF. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

860. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1823-R, struck over a Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII, assayer FJ. Russo-504; KM-368.1. 26.73 grams. Deeply toned AU with faint underlying

luster, traces of (rare) undercoin peeking through. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

861. Brazil Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over a Potosí, Bolivia, 8 reales, 1813PJ. Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.94

grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AU with underlying luster, undercoin

details visible here and there. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

862. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over an Argentina (River Plate Provinces) 8 reales or 8 soles (1813 or 1815). Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.79 grams. Lightly rainbowtoned AU with underlying luster, clear “sunface” and other undercoin details visible (rare undercoin). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $400-$600.

227


863. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over an Argentina (River Plate Provinces) 8 reales or 8 soles (1813 or 1815). Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.32 grams. Toned XF with traces of underlying luster, clear undercoin details (arms within wreath), rare undercoin. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

866. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over a Zacatecas, Mexico, 8 reales, 1821RG. Russo-505; KM-368.1.

27.12 grams. XF+ with light toning and underlying luster, somewhat crude from undercoin “interference,” the details of which are clear (confirming the very rare host coin). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

864. Brazil Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R struck over 867. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over a Guatemala 8 reales, 1816M. Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.71 grams. XF with toning all over, much undercoin detail visible (rare undercoin), date side struck off-center. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $350-$500.

a Lima, Peru, “Peru Libre” 8 reales, 1822JP. Russo-505; KM-368.1.

865. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over a Guadalajara, Mexico, 8 reales, 1821JM. Russo-505; KM-368.1.

868. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck over a Mexico City, Mexico (Empire), 8 reales, 1822JM, Iturbide.

27.04 grams. Mint State with incredibly iridescent rainbow toning all over, underlying luster, with enough undercoin detail to recognize the rare host, arms side struck off-center. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $500-$750.

26.65 grams. Lightly toned XF+ with underlying luster, much “interfer-

ence” from undercoin details (very rare host). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $500-$750.

Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.54 grams. AXF with light old marks, luster from light cleaning, slightly off-center strike, but enough undercoin details to confirm the rare host. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $400-$600.

228


869. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck

over a Mexico City, Mexico (Empire), 8 reales, 1822-3JM, Iturbide. Russo-505; KM-368.1. 26.84 grams. Lustrous AU, slightly off-

center strike, faint toning, only slight traces of the rare undercoin visible, hairline “X� in field to right of crown. Estimate: $300-$450.

870. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, struck

over earlier issue, rare, encapsulated NGC MS 62. Russo-505;

KM-368.1. Beautiful strike and light rainbow toning, lustrous in legends, traces of undercoin visible. Estimate: $350-$500.

871. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis (large digits, rare), Pedro I, 1825-R, struck over a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1812JP. Russo-506; KM368.1. 26.61 grams. Incredible rainbow toning, very iridescent and with dramatic changes from blue to red all over the coin, AU with underlying luster, bold undercoin details, a very eye-catching and remarkable specimen. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

872. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis (large digits, rare), Pedro I, 1825-R, struck over a Spanish or Spanish colonial bust 8 reales dated 1816. Russo-506; KM-368.1. 26.91 grams. Lightly toned AU+ with luster around details, traces of undercoin data, slightly crude rims from improper centering. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

229


873. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1826-R, struck over a Guatemala 8 reales 1809M. Russo-507; KM-368.1. 26.42 grams.

876. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1826-R, struck over a Lima, Peru (Republic), 8 reales, 1825JM. Russo-507; KM-

874. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I 1826-R, struck over a Zacatecas, Mexico, 8 reales, 1821RG. Russo-507; KM-368.1. 26.96

877. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1826-R, struck over a Mexican Republic cap-and-rays 8 reales. Russo-507; KM-368.1.

undercoin details (particularly the bust and the pillars), rare host. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $600-$900.

ing, much undercoin detail. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $400-$600.

Lightly toned AXF with hint of original luster, bold 9 of undercoin date and faint but certain mintmark (rare). With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $250-$375.

grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU- with light rainbow toning, bold

875. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1826-R, struck over a Spanish or Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII. Deeply toned AU- with underlying luster, faint undercoin details. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $300-$450.

Russo-507; KM-368.1. 26.69 grams.

368.1. 26.87 grams. Choice, lustrous AU+ with attractive light toning, off-center strike, traces of undercoin. With old envelope from previous collector. Estimate: $500-$750.

26.82 grams. Lustrous AU with light toning, scratches from old clean-

878. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, Pedro I, 1825-R. Russo-496;

KM-374. 8.88 grams. Choice AU, attractively toned with much underlying luster, off-center date side. Estimate: $500-$700.

230


Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil) 879. Brazil, 500 reis, 1913-A, encapsulated NGC MS 67

(tied for finest known in NGC census). Russo-706; KM-512. Frosty and prooflike, the fields highly reflective and totally unblemished. Estimate: $200-$300.

Central American Union 880. Lot of 2 Central American Union bronze essais (2c and 1c) of 1889. KM-XE22 and XE21. 15.00 grams total. Both Mint State,

the 2c with lots of blue toning and the 1c with original red color. Estimate: $400-$600.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).

231


Chile (colonial) Busts

881. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1773DA, extremely rare first year of issue, encapsulated PCGS VF30. KM31; CT-1010. Mintage

of the new bust-type coins under the royal decree of 1772 got off to a slow start in silver at the Santiago mint, as it did not start until 1773 and was done in only limited quantities for the first several years. For the 8R in particular there was probably extensive melting as well, for the 1774 is not known to exist, and of the 1775 there is only one known. For 1773, ours is one of only two known to exist, and the only one in gradable condition, for the only other specimen (Pridmore collection) is holed and countermarked. Accurately graded by PCGS, the present coin shows only honest wear and good strike, plus a lovely old toning throughout, yet another important “first date� item in this auction. Estimate: $15,000-up.

882. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1796DA. 883. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806FJ, with KM-51; CT-743. 26.97 grams. Attractively toned XF, well struck but with

very thin rims (small flan). Estimate: $500-$750.

chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient.

KM-51; CT-761.

26.64 grams. Bold, lightly cleaned XF with lots of medium-sized chops,

off-center strike. Estimate: $500-$750.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 232


884. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812FJ.

KM-80; CT-628. 26.78 grams. Deeply

toned VF, slightly off-center strike but problem-free. Estimate: $300-$450.

888. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1804FJ. KM60; CT-903. 13.29 grams.

Estimate: $350-$500.

AVF, nicely toned, minor rim-bump at top.

889. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1808FJ, en-

885. Santiago, Chile, copper obverse uniface trial strike of an 8 reales of Ferdinand VII, 1813. 7.57 grams. Mint State, brown

capsulated NGC XF 45. KM-59; CT-1055. Highly lustrous and free of wear but with high points weakly struck, so more like AU or better in our opinion, no toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

in color but with slight traces of original red color here and there, the backside rusty and rough. Estimate: $300-$450.

890. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1809FJ, encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-66; CT-1015. Lustrous and high grade but with very light 886. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815FJ.

surface hairlines (probably net-graded), starting to tone. Estimate: $250-$375.

Problem-free VF with toning all over, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-80; CT-631. 26.74 grams.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).

887. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816FJ. F/VF with colorful toning, traces of light cleaning long ago. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-80; CT-632. 26.53 grams.

233


Chile (Republic) 891. Santiago, Chile, 1/2 real, 1842IJ, encapsulated PCGS

MS65 (old green tag). KM-98.3. Superb specimen, prooflike, with mirrored fields and frosty details, a candidate for an even higher grade nowadays (at least a tie with the census-topping MS 66 at NGC). Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (colonial) Busts 892. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles III or IV, anepigraphic type with bust-type castle and lion. Restrepo-2.2. 0.84

gram. Mint State with choice rainbow toning, slightly irregular rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

893. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles IV, 1802, ex-Ortiz Murias. KM-63; Restrepo-75.15; CT-1437. 0.61 gram. Toned VF with crude

rims (as made), no problems, nice contrast, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Jorge Ortiz Murias collection (our Auction #11, lot 1053, with original lot-tag). Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (United Provinces of New Granada / Cundinamarca)

894. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1819JF, “LIBERTAD AMERICANA.” Restrepo-142.1; KM-78. 24.12 grams. Exceptional strike for issue with the whole design uncharacteristically clear, XF with faint hairlines on high points, attractively toned around details. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

234


895. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1819JF, “LIBERTAD AMERICANA.” Restrepo-138.1;

KM-76. 5.89 grams. VF with typically flat interior design, crude rims (as made), hint of luster, old scratch at top-right of pomegranate. Estimate: $250-$375.

896. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1815, very rare. Restrepo-130.3; KM-F2. 0.51 gram. Nicely toned VF with nearly full details, irregular rims as usual, visibly superior to the Whittier specimen, which was the last one publicly offered (2006). Pedigreed to a late-19th or early-20th century collection passed on to the collector’s grandson in the 1940s. Estimate: $7,000-up.

Colombia (Republic / Cundinamarca) 897. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1821JF, encapsulated NGC

VF 30. Restrepo-149.1; KM-F8. Nicely toned, with hint of underlying luster, typically weak head, slightly irregular rims. Estimate: $250-$375.

Colombia (Republic) 898. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1828RS. Restrepo-146.2; KM-85.2.

0.66 grams. Choice bold strike, rare high grade (XF), crude rims (as made).

Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (Republic of New Granada) 899. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1844RS. Restrepo-177.11; KM-96.1. 1.37 grams. Bold and lustrous AU (rare grade), nice strike except near re-

verse rim at 1-2 o’clock, incipient toning near rims. Estimate: $200-$300.

235


Colombia (United States of Colombia) 900. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1866. Restrepo-315.5; KM-139.1. 24.96 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State with surface hairlines from light cleaning, rare grade. Estimate: $300-$450.

Costa Rica (Republic)

901. Costa Rica, 5 centavos, 1871GW, encapsulated NGC 902. Lot of 2 Costa Rica copper-nickel minor patterns (10

AU 55. KM-110. Lustrous and with traces of rainbow toning, better date in series. Estimate: $250-$375.

and 5 centimos) with date as 19__. KM-Pn13 & 15. 2.99 grams total. Both Mint State with lustrous fields, popular issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

Cuba 903. Cuba, “souvenir” peso, 1897, wide date, PAT. 97 on

truncation, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-M1. Attractive rainbow toning all over with underlying luster, popular issue, rare variety (not noted inside slab). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Dominican Republic 904. Dominican Republic, 1 peso, 1897. KM-16. 24.89 grams. Matte AXF with faint toning on reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

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236


Ecuador 905. Quito, Ecuador, 1 real, 1838ST.

KM-22. 1.49 grams. Lustrous XF with light surface hairlines, irregular rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

El Salvador 906. El Salvador, 2 reales, arms countermark (1868) on a Guanajuato,

Mexico (War of Independence), bust 2 reales of Ferdinand VII, 1822JM, rare combination. KM-unl. 6.18 grams. Countermark VG, host Good, with all

legends clear but centers heavily worn, otherwise damage-free and interesting as this host is not among those listed in KM for this otherwise common countermark. Estimate: $200-$300.

Essequibo & Demerary (Guyana) 907. Essequibo & Demerary, copper 1 stiver, 1813, encapsulated

NGC MS 65 BN, tied for finest known in NGC census, ex-Roehrs.

KM-10. Almost prooflike with luster, very reflective for a copper coin, to-notch

specimen with a desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Ed Roehrs collection (stated inside the slab), with his original tag. Estimate: $600-$900.

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France

908. France (Pau mint), ecu, Louis XIV, 1652, mintmark F and 4 stars. C-1861; G-204; SCF-26A (15 ex.); Sobin 1258; Dr-276. 26.73 grams. Problem-free VF, very colorfully rainbow toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

912. France (mint uncertain), 1/2 ecu, Louis XIV, 1704, struck over a 1/2 ecu of 1701. 13.49 grams. Broad-flan XF with traces of luster and light toning (strong blue color on reverse), interestingly re-struck with switched obverse and reverse, so that the 1701 date appears on the new obverse and the 1704 date, but with both mintmarks lost to the “interference.” Estimate: $250-$375.

909. France (Angers mint), ecu, Louis XIV, 1653-F. KM-155.5.

27.78 grams. Toned VF, parts of rims crude (as made), scarce. Estimate:

$200-$300.

913. France (Strasbourg mint), 33 sols, Louis XIV, 1706-BB.

KM-371. 9.09 grams. Choice XF+ with original mint luster and very light toning, minor stress cracks in center of obverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

910. France (Pau mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1730-cow. KM-487.

28.88 grams. VF with lovely deep toning, no problems, rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

914. France (Rouen mint), 1/2 ecu, Louis XV, 1730-B. KM-

484.3. 14.57 grams. XF with attractive rainbow toning all over, underlying luster, stress cracks behind head and weakness in crown, also parts of rims crude, but all natural (no damage). Estimate: $200-$300.

911. France (Paris mint), 1/2 ecu, Louis XIV, 1645-A. KM-

163.1. 13.67 grams. Deeply toned XF+ with underlying luster, old scratch across king’s temple. Estimate: $200-$300.

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915. France (Paris), 5 francs, Louis XVIII, 1823-A. KM-711.1. 25.00 grams. Attractively toned Mint State with much underlying luster, minor nicks

on bust and chatter-mark on neck, the very edges of the rims slightly crude. Estimate: $350-$500.

916. France, double piedfort (triple thickness) 1 franc, Henry

V Pretender, 1832. KM-X28.1a. 26.70 grams AU/UNC with nice toning, slightly granular obverse surface (rusty die), minor rim-bruise, interesting special issue. Estimate: $400-$600.

917. France (Paris mint), 5 francs, 1873-A, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-820.1. Very lustrous, with light rainbow toning, minor rim-flaw at 3 o’clock on obverse. Estimate: $300-$450.

German States Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 918. Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, German States, seventh-bell thaler, Augustus, 1643. Dav-6375; KM-429. 28.74 grams. Broad-flan XF+ with luster in legends, nice toning all over, the flan extending slightly past the rims in places. Estimate: $600-$900.

Hamburg 919. Hamburg, German States, 5 mark, 1898-J, encapsulated PCGS MS63. Jaeger-65. Brightly lustrous, sharp details, no toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

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Prussia 920. Prussia (German States), 2 mark, Frederick I, 1888-A.

KM-510. 11.10 grams. Low-grade Proof (mirror fields but details not frosty), with deep rainbow toning all over (mostly bluish), Mint State and attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

Saxony 921. Saxony (German States), Annaberg mint, 1 thaler

(klappmützentaler), Friedrich III (the Wise) with Johann and Georg (1483-1525), struck 1507-1525 (time and place of Martín Luther). Dav-9709. 28.91 grams. Attractively toned VF+ with

bold full details, including bust of Friedrich III on obverse, who was famous for having Martín Luther brought to his castle for protection in 1521 when Luther was banned by the Holy Roman Empire by the Diet of Worms. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of September 2002, with original lot-tag #971. Estimate: $500-$750.

922. Saxony (German States), klippe thaler, Johann George II, 1678. KM-562; Dav-7636. 21.39 grams. Lightly toned AVF, no problems, struck to commemorate a shooting match at Dresden. Estimate: $600-$800.

Great Britain

923. London, England, shilling, Elizabeth I, fifth issue,

mintmark tun (1591-5), mounted in 14K gold pendantbezel. Sp-2577. 17.15 grams total. Attractively rainbow-toned VF with

a few old marks, good details. Estimate: $200-$300.

924. Great Britain (Bank of England), 5-shilling / 1-dollar bank token, George III, 1804, encapsulated NGC AU 58.

Sp-3768; KM-Tn1. Lightly

toned with underlying luster all over, minor flan-flaws only. Estimate: $600-$900.

240


925. Great Britain, crown, George V, 1935, Jubilee issue, raised edge-lettering. Sp-4050; KM-842a. 28.25 grams. Mint State with very light toning and underlying luster, couple tiny marks in hair only, low mintage (2500 pieces), only a few of which have survived in such high grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

Guatemala (colonial) Pillars 926. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755J, large J.

KM-186; CT-289. 26.78 grams. Richly toned VF, well struck, no problems, scarce. Estimate: $600-$900.

927. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1765P, new-style 5, very rare. KM-27.1; CT-814. 26.72 grams. Bold and attractive VF with toning around details (and old scratches) on pillars side, lightly toned fields on shield side, overall a rather nice specimen of this seldom-seen key date. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

928. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770P. KM-27.2; CT819. 26.49 grams. Small-flan VF with nice light toning, parts of rims crude due to size and centering. Estimate: $300-$450.

241


929. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1761P. KM-26;

CT-1044. 13.36 grams. Deeply

rainbow-toned XF for the type, parts of rims crude due to size and centering, expertly repaired at top. Estimate: $200-$300.

Busts

930. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793M. KM-53; CT-

Attractively toned XF with small old mark on bust. Estimate: $300-$450.

622. 26.80 grams.

932. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1802M. KM-53; CT633. 26.74 grams. Attractively toned XF with old marks on bust and to right of crown, scratches in field in front of face. Estimate: $250-$375.

931. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1794M. KM-53; CT- 933. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821M. KM-69; 623. 26.92 grams. Very lightly toned XF with minor marks, original lus-

ter, oval-ish flan with irregular rims (as made). Estimate: $400-$600.

CT-470. 26.84 grams. Deeply toned Mint State with prooflike luster, faint surface hairlines on obverse only. Estimate: $350-$500.

934. Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1805M.

KM-52; CT-796. 13.45 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned VF, faint hairlines on bust

from old cleaning. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Guatemala (Central American Republic)

935. Guatemala, 8 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark 936. Guatemala, 8 reales, 1847A, encapsulated NGC AU (Type II, 1839) on a Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1699R. KM-110.1.

26.77 grams. Choice countermark (XF+) on VF host with cross-lions-

details / surface hairlines. KM-4. Lustrous and very lightly toned,

castles and pillars-and-waves, three mintmarks and assayers, attractively toned all over. Estimate: $400-$600.

most of tree slightly weak as usual and with hairlines in fields, still a competent specimen of a popular type. Estimate: $250-$375.

Guatemala (Republic) 937. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1882A.E.

KM-208. 24.87 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned XF+ with minor marks only, underlying luster. Estimate: $250-$375.

Haiti 938. Haiti (Empire), silver pattern 1 gourde, 1853, rare.

KM-Pn53. 5.43 grams. Mint State with nice luster, die-crack in palm

fronds. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Honduras (Central American Republic) 939. Honduras (Central America Republic), 2 reales, 1831TF. KM-9.3. 6.16 grams. Nicely toned XF+ with parts of tree and

denomination weak as usual, irregular rims from poor centering, small void in part of edge (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

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Honduras (Republic)

940. Honduras, copper-nickel pattern 1 real, 1870, Medina. KM-PN10. 11.86 grams. Mint State with light golden toning all over, no

problems. Estimate: $300-$450.

941. Honduras, 5 centavos, 1886, large pyramid, encapsulated NGC MS 64 (tied for finest known in NGC census).

KM-54. Prooflike luster, bold details but rims very crude (as made), very

rare grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

942. Honduras, 5 centavos, 1896/86, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-54. Prooflike and well struck for the issue, lightly toned, rare grade, the overdate very messy and obvious. Estimate: $200-$300.

Italian States Milan 943. Milan, Italy (under Spain), 1 filippo, Charles II, 1676. KM-92. 27.84 grams. XF+, well struck and lustrous but with small peck-

marks behind head, also slightly crude around the edge as usual due to uneven flan. Estimate: $400-$600.

Sardinia 944. Sardinia, Italian States, 5 lire, 1819. KM-113. 24.91 grams.

VF with good old toning, minor nicks on bust but nothing serious. Estimate: $300-$450.

Italy 945. Italy, 20 lire, 1928-R, year VI, war anniversary, encap-

sulated NGC AU 58. KM-70. Lustrous and practically wear-free, no

toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Mexico (colonial) Pillars

946. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, mintmark M.X, very rare, from the 1733 Fleet. KM-103; CT-773. 25.79 grams. Broad flan, UNC details and lovely toning, choice shield side with no corrosion, the pillars side moderately corroded on about a third

of the surface but the rest quite nice and the all-important M.X mintmark and date very clear, off-center strike. The 1733 with mintmark M.X is a close second in rarity and popularity to the first-date 1732, and is remarkable as the only time in its history since Charles-Joanna that the Mexico City mint used anything but oM for the mintmark on silver coins. From the “Coffins Patch� site of the 1733 Fleet, with photo-certificate from the salvager and Carl Clegg certificate of authenticity. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

947. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, 948. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. rare single-letter assayer, encapsulated NGC XF details / envir. damage, cleaned. KM-103; CT-775. Bold, broad-flan beauty

with no corrosion but spots of black encrustation, curious flan-bulge at E of QUE, a choice shipwreck specimen that just missed ranking among the rarer non-salvage pieces. Probably from the Rooswijk (1739). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

KM-103; CT-791. 26.84 grams. Beautifully rainbow-toned UNC with odd flan-bulge above crowned globes and die-crack at V of VTRA, slightly off-center pillars side, overall quite a lovely non-salvage specimen. Estimate: $275-$400.

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949. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1748MF, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-104.1; CT-323. Frosty and wear-

free, no toning, somewhat matte (muted luster), faint adjustment marks in center of shield. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

950. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1751MF, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-104.1; CT-327. Frosty and wear-

free, no toning, somewhat matte (muted luster), faint adjustment marks in center of shield. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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1758MM.

954. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1761MM, tip of cross between H and I. KM-105; CT-888. 27.07

952. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

955. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

951. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

KM-104.2; CT-343. 26.81 grams. Lustrous Mint State with deeply red-toned pillars side, spots of encrustation on shield side, very flashy and colorful. Estimate: $500-$750.

grams. Lustrous AU with light surface hairlines, incipient toning, very flashy. Estimate: $500-$750.

1760MM, with CAROLVS struck over FERDND (rare variety). KM-105; CT-unl. 26.91 grams. Deeply rainbow-toned XF+ (lots of

1761MM, tip of cross under I (rare variety), with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. KM-105; CT-unl. 26.85 grams. At-

green color), parts of rims crude due to size and centering. Estimate: $400-$600.

tractively lightly toned XF+, nicely struck, with just three tiny chops on pillars side only. Estimate: $400-$600.

953. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1761/51MM, tip of cross between H and I (rare), encapsulated NGC XF 40. KM-unl.; CT-886. Attractively toned and problem-

956. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1763MF, encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-105; CT-unl. Deeply

free. Estimate: $400-$600.

rainbow toned, with just a few minor marks on pillars side only, rather attractive for the grade. Estimate: $300-$450.

247


957. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1765MF. KM-105; CT-901. 27.06 grams. AU- with choice rainbow toning and underlying luster, very attractive, the pillars-side rim slightly irregular (as made). Estimate: $300-$450.

958. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755MM. KM-95; CT-427. 13.30 grams. Non-toned AVF, no big problems, decent type-coin. Estimate: $200-$300.

959. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, 1732F, very rare first year of issue. KM-84; CT-1274. 6.07 grams. Fine with crude hole near edge at top, irregular rims (as made), but nicely toned, overall a decent specimen of a very hard-to-get first date. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of August 1996, with original lot-tag #996, and accompanied by letter and handwritten old collector’s tag. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

960. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, 1732, no assayer or denomination, very rare first year. KM-75.1; CT-1592. 3.05 grams. About

Fine with weak centers, dark encrustation around details (nice contrast), overall a decent specimen of a very hard-to-get first date. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of August 1996, with original lot-tag #994. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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Busts

961. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII

(“armored bust�), 1809TH. KM-110; CT-539. 27.00 grams. Lustrous

AU, starting to tone, parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

962. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1782FF. Prooflike Mint State with mirror fields but faintly hairlined from cleaning, incipient toning. Estimate: $300$450.

KM-97.2; CT-1144. 13.50 grams.

Mexico (War of Independence) Chihuahua

963. Chihuahua, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 964. Chihuahua, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1812RP. KM-123; CT-390. 25.71 grams. Typically crudely cast but nicely toned and all marks old and small, Fine overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

1817RP, with LCM countermark on bust for La Comandancia Militar. KM-194.2.; CT-395. 24.26 grams. Broad flan but lightweight,

uneven strike with crude rims and other details, non-toned Fine with VF countermark, scarce. Estimate: $600-$900.

Durango 965. Durango, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (armored bust), 1812RM, rare type. KM-92.3; CT-406. 8.17 grams. Very crude, as usual, with most details flat but the

bust clear enough, off-center reverse, flat rims, VG with toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Guadalajara

966. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 969. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818FS.

grams. Choice, lustrous AU (rare grade) with hairlines in fields, nice

details for the type, incipient toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

KM-111.3; CT-440. 26.66 grams. Deeply rainbow-toned XF with crude rims (as made), broad flan, impressively bold overall. Estimate: $350-$500.

967. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

970. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1814MR (1815-type “smirking” bust). KM-111.3; CT-438. 27.33

1814MR, unique one-year bust.

KM-111.3; CT-436. 26.82 grams.

Nicely toned VF with some weak spots as usual, uniquely long, pointed bust, irregular rims (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

1821/2FS.

KM-111.3; CT-443. 26.93 grams. Mint State with muted luster (very choice grade), slightly crude rims as usual, incipient toning (a few minor black spots), an exceptional example overall. Estimate: $600-$900.

968. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1814MR (1815-type “smirking” bust). KM-111.3; CT-438. 27.07

grams. Lustrous and very lightly toned XF+ (choice grade) with very nice details for the type, crude rims as expected. Estimate: $400-$600.

971. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1821FS, inverted fleurs-de-lis in shield.

KM-unl. (cf. 111.3); CT448. 26.85 grams. VF+ with hint of luster, spotty toning, typically crude

rims, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

972. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822FS. KM-111.3; CT-447. 26.92 grams. AU- with nice toning and underlying luster all over, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

250


Guanajuato 973. Guanajuato, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1822JM. KM-111.4; CT-454. 26.75 grams. Rainbow-toned XF+, unusually well struck for the issue, parts of rims slightly crude, hint of underlying luster. Estimate: $250-$375.

Sombrerete de Vargas 974. Sombrerete de Vargas, Mexico, 8 reales, 1812, rare. KM-

177; CT-651. 26.77 grams. Attractively toned AVF with bold details for the type, crude rims as usual, with old scratches on shield-side rims, colonial edge. Estimate: $600-$900.

Zacatecas

975. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

977. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

crude rims and details as usual, overall rather nice for the issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

with underlying luster, nice rims for the type. Estimate: $500-$750.

976. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

978. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

and sharp strike for the issue, no toning, off-center with irregular rims. Estimate: $200-$300.

surface hairlines from cleaning (starting to retone), very bold strike, irregular rims due to centering issues, overall an exceptional example for the strike and lack of wear. Estimate: $600-$900.

1816AG. KM-111.5; CT-687. 26.09 grams. AXF with bold but slightly

1819AG. KM-111.5; CT-690. 26.87 grams. XF+ with exceptionally bold

1821RG, rare variety with superscript s after denomination 8 (instead of mintmark). KM-unl.; CT-698. 26.94 grams. Nicely toned XF

1821RG. KM-111.5; CT-697. 27.12 grams. Lustrous Mint State with faint

251


Mexico (Republic)

979. Oaxaca, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales, 1861FR, mintmark O with A in center, encapsulated NGC AU 55, rare. KM-unl. (cf. 377.11). Crude fields and centers per the type, light adjustment marks on cap, lustrous and with toning near rims only. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

980. Mexico City, Mexico, 25 centavos, 1878/1, encapsulated NGC MS 64, finest (and only) known in NGC census. KMLustrous and very lightly rainbow toned, a perfect example in every way, top-of-the-line specimen. Estimate: $250-$375.

406.7.

Netherlands (United)

981. Holland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1589. Dav8838; Delm-831. 27.11 grams. Lightly toned XF with choice full details all

983. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617.

982. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1609. KM13. 27.10 grams. Typical VF with weak strike here and there but date and

984. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1641.

over, even a hint of luster in spots. Estimate: $300-$450.

other details bold, hint of luster and toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-12. 26.94 grams. AVF with darkly contrasting toning in places, bold

date and legends. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-15.2. 26.17 grams. Boldly detailed VF+, lightly toned, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

252


985. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1646.

KM-15.2. 27.06 grams. Bold VF+ with high points slightly weak, lustrous

fields, incipient toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

986. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1652.

KM-15.3. 26.48 grams. Rainbow-toned XF, hint of luster, nice strike on a broad flan (full legends). Estimate: $275-$400.

987. Holland, United Netherlands, 1/2 “lion” daalder, 1577. Delm-870. 13.36 grams. Broad round flan with nice full lion, full but partially weak legends, spot of corrosion on knight’s face, nice VF with uneven toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

Netherlands West Indies 988. Netherlands West Indies, 1/4 gulden, 1794. KM-2. 2.58

grams. Lustrous AU with minor surface hairlines, flashy and attractive. Estimate: $300-$450.

Nicaragua/Honduras imitation cobs

989. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, “imitation cob” 2 reales, 1823-

PMPY. KM-15.1. 5.80 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, VF+ with lightly toned fields, two dates, typically holed at top. Estimate: $250-$375.

253


Paraguay 990. Paraguay, brass proof pattern 2 centimos, 1868, encapsulated NGC PF 64. KM-Pn21. Reflectively lustrous and with

original red color, faint hairlines and minor flan-cracks on obverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

Peru (colonial) Pillars

991. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1753J, encapsulated NGC MS 61, tied for second-finest known in NGC census. KM-55.1; CT-307. Non-toned and somewhat matte but with visible luster, slightly irregular rims due to centering issues, exceptional quality. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

992. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1754JD, encapsulated NGC MS 60. KM-55.1; CT-310. Lustrous and devoid of wear

or toning, centers slightly weak, partially matte surfaces. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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993. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755JD, encapsulated NGC MS 60. KM-55.1; CT-312. Choice strike and luster, matte streaks near rims but otherwise flashy and impressive. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

994. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757/6JM, 996. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1771JM, • over

very rare overdate. KM-55.1; CT-unl. 26.83 grams. Decent XF with hint of toning, no problems, very bold overdate. Estimate: $500-$750.

left mintmark only.

KM-64.2; CT-848. 26.37 grams. Bold VF with old scratches on pillars side, hint of toning around details. Estimate: $275-$400.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

995. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759JM, •

over left mintmark only. KM-55.2; CT-319. 26.80 grams. AU with traces of luster all over, odd X-shape of toning on pillars side, choice overall. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).


Busts 997. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824JM,

unique bust (one-year type), rare. KM-117.1; CT-491. 26.92 grams.

Very sharply struck AU- with faint surface hairlines, deep toning (especially around details), prominent rims, very eye-catching and impressive. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Peru (Republic of South Peru)

998. Cuzco, South Peru, 8 reales, 1838MS, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-170.4. Subtle toning and luster but choice details as

usual, popular and attractive type in close to top grade. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Peru (Republic) 999. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1826JM, encapsulated ANACS AU 55. KM-142.1. Very lustrous and free of wear but too many bagmarks

and hairlines to make MS, toned at rims only, centrally weak as usual. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1000. Pasco, Peru, 8 reales, 1857, Z inside O, encapsulated NGC Fine details / mount removed, repaired, extremely rare,

ex-Sellschopp. KM-142.13. Well toned (especially dark around letters of legend) but weak and worn in centers and with lots of tiny marks, also with tooling at top from mount-repair, but overall quite competent for a one-year type that is missing in most Peruvian collections and catalogs for $25,000 in XF grade. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

1001. Lima, Peru, 50 centimos, 1858, encapsulated ANACS

MS 62.

KM-178. Muted luster and incipient toning, no wear, fairly nice strike, rare grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

Peru (Republic / peseta series)

1002. Lima, Peru, 5 pesetas, 1880BF, B with • below wreath, encapsulated PCGS MS62 Secure Shield. KM-201.1. Lightly rainbow toned with muted luster, slightly weak strike on highest points but still exceptional quality for this popular one-year type. Estimate: $200-$300.

1003. Ayacucho, Peru, 5 pesetas, 1882LM, M below wreath.

Eliz-237; KM-201.3. 24.89 grams. Popular two-year issue, lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU with centers slightly weak, no toning. Estimate: $200$300.

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Portugal

1004. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, Pedro II, 1689. KM-154.2.

17.41 grams. Attractively rainbow-toned Mint State with underlying luster, irregular rims (off-center strike), exceptional grade and a scarce type. Estimate: $1,000-up.

1005. Portugal, bronze 40 reis, João VI, 1824, encapsulated NGC AU 55 BN, finest known in NGC census. KM-370. Excellent detail, darkly toned with underlying luster, typically slightly grainy surfaces (rusty dies), choice grade. Estimate: $250-$375.

1006. Portugal, 400 reis, Maria II, 1835. KM-403.2. 14.35 grams. Mint State with luster around details, faint toning, nice strike except for highest points, very light surface hairlines on reverse, choice grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

Puerto Rico 1007. Puerto Rico, 1/4 dollar, lis countermark (1884) on USA (Carson City mint) seated Liberty 1/4 dollar 1876-CC, rare. KM-6. 6.00 grams. Full but crude countermark

(VF) on worn (VG), scratched and holed host, rare combination and popular first issue of Puerto Rico. Estimate: $250-$375.

1008. Puerto Rico, copper 10 centimos pattern, 1890, encapsulated NGC PF 62 BN, rare. KM-PN1. Very lustrous and lightly

rainbow toned, with faint surface hairlines, popular as the only “in between” issue after the lis countermark and before the 1895-6 Alfonso XIII peso series. Estimate: $3,500-up.

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Spain

1009. Cádiz, Spain, steel die for bust of Ferdinand VII for 4 escudos, dated 1810, by die-sinker F. Sagau F, rare. 1255 grams.

Broad, heavy, octagonal die with round top into which was punched a small bust in reverse in center, mintmark crowned-C and date 1810 inside incuse at top, die-sinker’s name inside incuse at bottom, with die-sinker’s mark Z cut into side near bottom, the top part polished smooth but the rest of it typically slightly rusty and grooved from use. Pedigreed to the Cayón auction of December 2005. Estimate: $2,500-up.

1010. Tarragona, Spain, 5 pesetas, Ferdinand VII, 1809, 1011. Majorca (Balearic Islands), Spain, 5 pesetas, Ferdinand encapsulated NGC AU 58, finest known in NGC census.

KM-6. Choice specimen with lovely toning and underlying luster, sharp

details, the date cartouche re-struck with the previous 9 far to the right. Estimate: $500-$750.

VII, 1823, encapsulated NGC AU 53, second-finest known in NGC census. KM-L9.1. Attractively toned with underlying luster,

typically crude near rims and slightly weak in centers but exceptional grade. Estimate: $600-$900.

Switzerland 1012. Switzerland, 40 batzen, 1847, Glarus “shooting taler,”

rare. Dav-373; KM-20. 29.24 grams. Nice AXF with wildly iridescent toning ranging from bright green to bright pink, problem-free, only 3200 minted. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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Venezuela

1013. Venezuela (struck in Paris), (5 Bolívares), 1911, wide date, encapsulated NGC AU 58, finest and only known specimen in NGC census. KM-Y24.2. Lustrous, lightly toned and

wear-free, just a few bagmarks away from true MS, top-notch specimen, much scarcer and more valuable than KM indicates. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1014. Venezuela (struck in Philadelphia), (5 Bolívares),

1926, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-Y24.2. No toning but lus-

trous, with a few minor marks but very little wear, much scarcer than indicated in KM. Estimate: $500-$750.

1015. Venezuela (struck in Philadelphia), (5 Bolívares), 1936, high 3. KM-Y24.2. 24.99 grams. Mint State with just a few minor bagmarks, muted luster and problem-free. Estimate: $200-$350.

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Medals & Tokens Argentina (Republic)

1016. Buenos Aires, Argentina, uniface oval silver medal

with hanger (military award), Rio Colorado campaign under Rosas against the Araucanian natives (1833, struck 1834).

14.13 grams total. Legend reads LA PROV.A DE BUEN.S AY.S AL PATRIOTISMO Y AL VALOR around wreathed arms, nicely toned AXF with a few minor marks, holed at top (the hanger added later), an important and valuable issue featured in Cunietti’s Historia de las Medallas Argentinas 1747-1880. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1017. Buenos Aires, Argentina, oval silver medal with loop (military award), Battle of Arroyo Cayasta under Rosas (1840). 16.00 grams total. Legends read MUERAN LOS UNITARIOS!

LA PROVINCIA DE B.S AY.S AL PATRIOTISMO. Y AL VALOR on obverse and VIVA LA FEDERACION! EL GOBIERNO DE B.S AY.S RECONOCIDO A LA / VIRTUD MARCIAL on reverse, both sides showing arms and cannons in centers, toned VF with weak centers, important and valuable issue featured in Cunietti’s Historia de las Medallas Argentinas 1747-1880. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Bolivia (Republic) 1018. Potosí, Bolivia, large and heavy silver medal, 1865, General Melgarejo, ex-Derman. Fonr-9671. 74.74

grams. Choice XF+ with luster and light rainbow toning,

minor marks but overall quite nice, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection Estimate: $500-$750.

1019. Potosí, Bolivia, large and heavy silver medal,

1865, Mariano Donato Munoz, ex-Derman. Fonr9698 (var). 117 grams. Oversized medal (same design as Fon-

robert 9698 but over twice as heavy and 54 mm instead of 50) in high relief, XF, lightly toned and lustrous, impressive and probably rare. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection Estimate: $600-$900.

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Brazil (Empire) 1020. Brazil, large and heavy silver medal, 1838, Pedro II, Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute (IHGB). 112 grams. Very thick piece with raised rims, attrac-

tively rainbow toned obverse, which features an angel in high relief and legend AUSPICE PETRO SECUNDO, the reverse with INSTITUTUM HISTORICO GEOGRAPHICUM IN URBE FLUMINENSE CONDITUM DIE XXI OCTOBRIS A.D. MDCCCXXXVIII, XF with a few stray marks and rimbumps, impressive size. Estimate: $400-$500.

Colombia (Republic) 1021. Colombia (struck in Paris), silver medal, adoption of the official

coat-of-arms (shown on the obverse) of the Republic of New Granada in 1834 (struck ca. 1836-7). 33.57 grams. Important and valuable piece, believed to

have been struck for presentation to the designers of the coats of arms of Colombia (which have not changed significantly since the time of this medal), showing the arms with REPUBLICA DE LA NUEVA GRANADA on the obverse and AL CONGRESO DE 1834 QUE DECRETO LAS ARMAS DE LA REPUBLICA on the reverse above the designer’s signature P. CUERVO. Choice XF with beautiful old toning all over. According to the accompanying articles by Herman Blanton, this piece is missing in the collection of the Banco de la República. Accompanied by the 2008 publications Boletin Numismatico (Fundación Numismáticos Colombianos) issues #84 and #85 and NI Bulletin (Numismatcs International) Volume 43 Nos. 11/12, all of which bear the same article by Herman Blanton about this piece, which is plated in the articles. Estimate: $500-up.

German States 1022. Germany/Bohemia, silver medal, Adam and Eve next

to tree of knowledge / crucifixion scene, copied after Hans Reinhart (1536). 24.99 grams. Very busy but artistic design with

double-row legends, VF with gorgeous old rainbow toning, minor rim-bruises, similar but not identical to Habich-1968. Estimate: $500-$750.

Great Britain 1023. Great Britain, silver medal, Charles II, 1670, British colonization. Betts-44; Eimer-245. 33.28 grams. High relief obverse

showing the king and queen, with globe-map in lower relief on reverse, designed by Roettier to announce Britain’s reach around the world, problem-free VF with lustrous fields and very light toning, a perennial favorite at auctions with plenty of four-figure sales figures. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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1024. Great Britain, large silver medal, James II, salvage of the Concepci贸n by William Phips in 1687. Eimer-285; MI-619/33. 65.64 grams. Designed

by Bower and struck from silver recovered in 1687 by New Englander Phips, who was knighted for his deed, with portraits of James II and Mary on the obverse and a salvage scene on the reverse, nice XF, attractively toned and problem-free, desirable example of a highly sought issue. Accompanied by reference materials. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

1025. Great Britain, silver medal, William III and Mary I, 1026. Great Britain, silver medal, George I, 1714, corona1689, coronation. MI-663/26. 9.12 grams. Attractively toned XF with hint of luster, old scratches, neat design (by Bower) with Perseus saving Andromeda from the sea-monster on reverse. Estimate: $600-$900.

tion.

MI-(ii)424/9. 15.72 grams. Choice AU with attractive rainbow toning and brilliant underlying luster, minor hairlines and marks, elegant design by Croker showing Britannia crowning the king on reverse. Estimate: $600-$900.

1027. Great Britain, silver medal, George II, 1727, coronation. Ei-

mer-510; MI-479; Wollaston-12. 19.38 grams. Choice AU with attractive rainbow toning and brilliant underlying luster, minor hairlines and marks, elegant design by Croker showing Britannia crowning the king on reverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

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Mexico (colonial)

1028. Mexico City, Mexico, 8R-sized proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII,

1808. Grove-F13. 26.69 grams. Very lightly toned and lustrous AU- with natural stresscracks in center of obverse, faint surface hairlines and “6478� in India ink at bottom of reverse. Estimate: $400-$600.

1029. Zamora, Mexico, 4R-sized proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808,

Morales / Navarro. Grove-F203. 13.38 grams. Mint State, lightly toned and lustrous.

Estimate: $600-$800.

1030. Mexico City, Mexico, 2R-sized proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Grove-F15. 6.61 grams. Choice AU+ with nice

toning all over, faint surface hairlines as usual. Estimate: $300-$450.

Puerto Rico 1031. Puerto Rico, copper military control entry token, Ferdinand

VII (early 1800s), rare, ex-Roehrs with original envelope. Eklund-2507. 18.06 grams. A 35mm token with 15mm hole in center, FERNANDO 7o on

obverse and 12 A 2 YZQUIERDA on reverse, bold XF, dark chocolate color, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Ed Roehrs collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

1032. San Juan, Puerto Rico, bronze medal with red-andblue ribbon, 1898, U.S. Naval Campaign in the West Indies (Spanish American War), Commander in Chief Sampson, with U.S.S. AMPHITRITE on bronze bar above the ribbon, in original presentation box, rare. 39mm, 33.38 grams. Phase II Sampson medal (bust of Rear Admiral William E. Sampson on obverse, naval soldiers on reverse, SAN JUAN, P.R. / MAY 12 in exergue), the edge engraved with JAMES LOGAN, F.1C (the seaman to whom this medal was originally presented), bold AU with original color, the ribbon in tatters and the box well worn, but all intact. The U.S.S. Amphitrite was among several ships that bombarded San Juan three times on May 12, 1898. Rare Spanish American War medals like this one are highly regarded; see our Auction #12 for a similar one sold for $1,534. Accompanied by research papers on the ship and its crew. Estimate: $1,000-up.

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1033. Arecibo, Puerto Rico, copper-nickel merchant token (Carmelo Cruz Maldonado) struck over a Brazil 200 reis 1901, unique, ex-Roehrs with original envelope. 7.76 grams. Worn VG host with obverse stamping

CARMELO CRUZ MALDONADO around * JOYERO ARECIBO P. * R. 1943, with dark toning inside the letters, remnants of mount on edge, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Ed Roehrs collection. Estimate: $500-up.

1034. Lot of 15 miscellaneous Puerto Rican

commercial and hacienda tokens from various places within the island, including Vieques, Santurce, Hatillo and others, all ex-Roehrs and catalogued in Fumero. 84.48 grams total. An

interesting group, worthy of close inspection, that contains some important pieces, two with original Roehrs envelopes, one plastic and the others in various metals (brass, copper, copper-nickel and aluminum), mostly nice grade. Pedigreed to the Ed Roehrs collection. Estimate: $600-$900.

Documents Maps

1035. Large, Dutch map of Peru en-

titled “PERV,” ca. 1635, by Willem Blaeu (Amsterdam), hand-colored, rare. 19” x 22-1/4”. Superb condition, with

vivid original color in cartouche and only one fold in center as made (no stains or tears), the map engraved in the style of Mercator, with north to left, convoy of Dutch ships off coast, sea monsters, compass rose, and hundreds of towns and areas tagged among the many mountains and rivers, the other side showing printed Latin text. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1036. Large, Dutch map of South

America entitled “AMERICAE PARS MERIDIONALIS,” ca. 1640, by Jan Jansson (Amsterdam), hand-colored.

20-1/2” x 23”. Excellent condition with vivid

colors, particularly in the cartouche that features natives around a panoply of indigenous flora and fauna, other humans and animals and farm buildings in the areas of Brazil and Argentina, ships and sea monsters in the oceans, hundreds of place names and geographic features (mountains and rivers), single fold down center (as made), with minute tears here and there around the edge (not affecting the map itself ). Estimate: $750-$1,100.

1037. Very rare and important early engraving/map of Mexico entitled “DESCRIPTION, SITUATION & VUE DE LA VILLE DE MEXIQUE, DES DEUX LACS SUR LESQUELS ELLE EST BATIE, DU GRAND TEMPLE DE CETTE VILLE, DES SACRIFICES D’HOMMES QU’ON Y FAISOIT, DE L’IDOLE DES MEXICAINS, DE LEURS JEUX, DIVERTISSEMENS, COUTUMES, SUPERSTITIONS & AUTRES USAGES PRATIQUEZ PARMI EUX,” by Henri Abraham Chatelain (French/Dutch), ca. 1719, handcolored. 17-1/2” x 22”. Superb condition,

no tears or stains or folds except for the original fold down center, mostly French text (italic) but with two inset maps showing Mexico, one with all the connected islands of Tenochtitlan, plus four other illustrations showing the city and its temple where a human sacrifice was taking place, also Europeans being boiled alive by natives while galleons wait in the harbor, all in vivid color, popular and well-known maker. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Shipwreck Artifacts “Pewter Wreck,” sunk in the mid-1500s off Santo Domingo

1038. Bronze mortar and pestle set, faces and fins design. 1039. Gold-plated iron stirrup, Arabian design. 4.3 kg total, the mortar 6” in diameter and 4-1/4” tall, the pestle 10-1/4” long and about 1-5/6” in diameter. Heavy and intact, the mortar lighter

in color and decorated on the outside with four panels containing one face each, separated by fin-like protrusions, the pestle more typical with tiny knob at end and raised ring in center, also with surface corrosion on the pestle only, the mortar with small bits of white encrustation. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificates #PC01965 and 2215. Estimate: $1,000-up.

451 grams, about 5” x 4” x 5”. A simple stirrup with two open ends but with

curving Arabic design all over the surfaces, most of which have some gold leaf adhering to the otherwise rusty remains, intact except for a portion of the base, undoubtedly the property of a wealthy horseman on board the ship. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC02153. Estimate: $1,000-up.

1040. Encrusted stone grinding wheel. 5.29 kg, about 9” in diameter and 3” thick. A neatly shaped disk (probably used for sharpening blades) with entire surface covered in pebbly orange encrustation, a heavy and attractive conversation piece. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC02526. Estimate: $500-up.

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1041. Lot of two pewter-on-lead inkwells.

1.2 kg total, each about 2” tall and 2-1/4” in diameter. Matching set, both heavy and hex-

agonal in shape with six exterior panels showing heads of a man and a woman, with little holes around top for nibs, one with lid crushed and fused into the cup, the other one with bits of copper on surface, both with whitish encrustation in crevices, nice for display. From the mid1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC0499. Estimate: $500-$750.

1043. Lot of 2 lead sound-

ing weights (different designs). About 3.7 kg and 0.5

kg, the larger one 7” tall and 3” in diameter and the smaller one 3” tall and 1-1/2” in diameter.

1042. Encrusted clump of two intact brass crotal bells. 381

grams, roughly 4” x 3-1/2” x 2”. A pair of round “jingle-type” bells that appear to be intact but are completely “frozen” and embedded into the side of a large mass of white encrustation whose raison d’etre is almost certainly related to an iron object, small rusty pieces of which are exposed and visible on the bottom, a very attractive and interesting display overall. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC01563 (unsigned). Estimate: $350-$500.

The larger of this pair is a flatbottomed cone but the smaller one is more like a plum-bob with pointed bottom, both with hole at top and both used for determining depth at sea. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC01306 and 2303. Estimate: $350-$500.

1044. Set of six bronze coin weights (disks). 95.88 grams total, diameters of about 1/2” to 1” each. Nicely matched set of small, disk-

type weights, all but one with stamp in center showing a castle above a Gothic C (for Castile or Charles I?), and X, V or dots to indicate the weight, the odd-marked one with three-section stamp showing a head, a castle and a letter T (Toledo?), all matte brass in color, with mostly light surface pitting only. From the mid-1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #TPA10024. Estimate: $250-$375.

1045. Small bronze handbell. 214 grams, about 4-1/2” tall and 3”

in diameter. Cute item, just like a ship’s bell but in miniature, unfortunately corroded but with traces of design on exterior that shows birds with outstretched wings, hole at top for hanging, brassy color peeking through dark bronze, lightly encrusted inside. From the mid1500s “Pewter Wreck,” with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #PC02231. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Unidentified 1500s-1600s wrecks off Santo Domingo

1046. Dutch bronze breech-loading swivel cannon and matching breech-block, both marked NB (very rare as a matching

pair). Cannon: 185 lb av, 45” long and diameter up to 7”; breech-block: 34-1/2 lb av, 8-1/2” long and diameter up to 4”. Shipwreck bronze cannons are rather scarce overall, and small ones like this that are a manageable size and weight are in high demand. What you never see is a matching set of cannon and breech-block like we have here (the block actually found inside the cannon on site), proven by the fit and the markings, which consist of the letters N and B (possibly for Nederlandse Brons = Netherlands Bronze) separated by an odd-shaped ornament, the marking on the cannon also below a cross of Jerusalem and on a raised shield-shaped crest. The breech-block also has a star-shaped mark on the touch-hole, as if to point out where it is to the gunner, and is slightly lighter (brassier) in color than the cannon itself, which measures 6-1/2” across the muzzle, 3” bore and 9” trunnion to trunnion, also with slots behind the breech to hold the block in place and with hole at cascabel end for receiving a tiller handle. Both pieces are completely conserved on the exterior but bear coral encrustation on the inside. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificates #SW00340 and 534. Estimate: $15,000-up.

1047. Large, intact earthenware “olive” jar. 11.27 kg, 21” tall and 12” in diameter. Some of the more impressive shipwreck artifacts,

while technically common but rarely found intact, are earthenware vessels like this one, basically tall, handleless jugs with round bottoms and rolled lips, used for all kinds of liquid and dry goods (like olives, which they sort of resemble in shape). This one is particularly impressive, not just for its intactness but also for its lovely thick coating of encrustation inside and out, even covering a chipped part of the lip to indicate that that damage happened during or before the sinking. (Pickup recommended, otherwise special shipping and handling fees will apply, at buyer’s risk, and no international shipping available.) From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #BP0025. Estimate: $1,500-up.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014). 269


1048. Lot of four small, stone cannonballs. 1.69 kg total, each 2”-3” in diameter. Before the advent of iron and bronze cannonballs,

the material of choice was stone, despite the fact that stone balls were much lighter and tended to blow apart ineffectually when fired. For that reason, stone cannonballs today are somewhat rare, especially small ones like these, which are fully intact and whitish to light gray in color. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificates #SW00434, 563 and 776 and TPA10030. Estimate: $1,000-up.

1050. Lot of four small to medium-sized iron cannonballs.

3.92 kg total, diameters of 2” to 3-1/4” each. All typically black except for one that is chocolate brown in color, the largest ball with cracks from expansion and possibly unstable without further conservation, otherwise all intact and not overly corroded. From an unidentified 1500s1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photocertificates #BP0041, 43, 49 and TPA0031. Estimate: $600-$900.

1051. Lot of two small, lead-sheathed iron cannonballs. 1.35 kg total, diameters of 1-1/2” and 2-1/2”. Before and instead of

bronze, the use of iron cannonballs at sea generally meant that some rusted away before use, and this lot demonstrates an interesting way to circumvent that (and increase the weight and impact as well) by pressing thick sheets of lead onto the balls, one of them here with the rusty iron peeking from a crack but both intact and only very lightly encrusted in places. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #SW00446. Estimate: $500-$750.

1052. Encrusted clump of 50(+/-) lead musketballs. 940 grams, roughly 3-1/2” x 3-1/2” x 2”.

1049. Lot of four lead sounding weights (different designs). Weights of 1.46, 3.69, 6.21 and 7.44 kg each, sizes from 5” to 16” long and 1-1/2” to 2-1/4” in diameter. The smallest of these weights has a flat

bottom and square cross-section but all the larger ones have a pit in the bottom for holding wax for testing the sand, two of them with typically octagonal cross-section but one circular, all with holes at top and well preserved with tiny bits of encrustation here and there. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificates #SW00495, 609, 724 and 821. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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Musketballs are common, no denying, but rarely are they found in a solid clump with encrustation as we see here, making for an attractive and interesting display, mostly whitish-gray in color but with one rusty spot on bottom. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #SW0419. Estimate: $350-$500.


1053. Small bronze cannonball. 2.76 kg, 4” in diameter. Corroded surfaces but stable (fully conserved) and with nice copper color all over, two tiny holes as made, somewhat rare. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photocertificate #TPA10026. Estimate: $350-$500.

1054. Long, bent but intact bronze hull-spike. 2.17 kg, 21” long and 1-1/2” max diameter. A complete spike, very long (for holding the hull of the ship together) but with right-angle bend about halfway down, lightly patinated but fully intact, the point end still sharp. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #TPA10023. Estimate: $300-$450. 1055. Men’s gold-plated bronze ring engraved with “Die For Love” inside. 3.0 grams, 3/4” in diameter (men’s size 6). A plain ring with low-grade gold color (the interior bronze showing through in places) but fascinating for its interior inscription in italic script, significant for showing that its source wreck was probably English. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate #SW0666. Estimate: $250-$375.

1056. Large lot of Venetian glass trade beads, multiple colors and designs. 245 grams total, each about 1/2” to 1” long. The inbound early wrecks in the Caribbean (as well as some land sites) tend to be littered with these beads, which were generally traded to the natives and therefore were a sort of money, this batch consisting of cylinders of blue, green and red, some striped like candy, whose method of manufacture is (and was) similar. From an unidentified 1500s-1600s wreck off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

1057. Silver plate with “1605” silversmith mark and display case. 320 grams, 9-1/2” in diameter and 1” tall, the display 14” x 12” x 6”.

A small but impressive plate, fully intact except for small holes in the raised, 1-1/2”-wide, rolled rim, dull-silver color with two pentagonal markings on underside of rim (toned for contrast) that show the date 1605 below a crown inside a bead border, same as seen on some rare coins from the Capitana (1654), with attractive display with red-velvet pad and plaque in front that says THE ATOCHA 1622. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #85A-A560 and wood-and-plexiglas display case. Estimate: $3,500-up.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida 1058. Complete gold rosary consisting of chain, crucifix and three medallions. 64.20 grams, the necklace 30” long with 4-1/2” pendant. It is hard to fathom a more impressive piece from the 1715 Fleet, as this rosary is 100% intact and beautiful, all in high-karat gold, with

the chain consisting of wire hooks, diamond-shaped mesh and small cages, connected to an ornate triangular link from which hangs one oval medallion and a cross-shaped chain of cage-links with octagonal medallions hanging off the sides and small but ornate crucifix suspended at the bottom, one of a several significant gold jewels found on the “Cabin wreck” site by the crew of the Virgalona in the summer of 1993 (with more found on the same site a year later) and featured in articles thereafter. The medallions—each one and each side different—show various saints, some with the Christ child, while the cross itself has ornate engraving on the reverse (see photo for detail). While the asymmetrically single medallion above the central triangle would seem to indicate a missing partner, it should be noted that all the intact rosaries from this two-year find have the same arrangement. From the 1715 Fleet, featured in the 1994 issue of Silver & Gold magazine (by Western & Eastern Treasures), with Fisher photo-certificate #23286X. Estimate: $25,000-up.

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1061. Gold wedding ring engraved with birds and flowers.

1059. Ornate gold buckle with encrustation. 21.43 grams, about 1-3/4” x 1-1/4”. A beautifully ornate buckle with center hasp intact (as all solid high-karat gold, no iron parts), with floral design on exterior that shows purplish encrustation in crevices, one of several found on the “Cabin wreck” site by the crew of the Virgalona in the summers of 1993-1994 and featured in various articles. From the 1715 Fleet, featured in the 1994 issue of Silver & Gold magazine (by Western & Eastern Treasures), with Fisher photo-certificate #23286M. Estimate: $5,000-up.

3.97 grams, 3/4” in diameter (size 4-1/2). A small, plain band of high-grade gold with intricate engraving on exterior showing alternating birds and flowers, one of several fine rings found on the “Cabin wreck” site by the crew of the Virgalona in the summers of 1993-1994 and featured in various articles. From the 1715 Fleet, featured in the 1994 issue of Silver & Gold magazine (by Western & Eastern Treasures), with Fisher photo-certificates #23286V. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1062. Gold wedding ring (nine-sided). 2.44 grams, 3/4” in di-

ameter (size 5-3/4). Lacking any engraving but strangely faceted into nine sides (as opposed to the usual eight), medium fineness (lower than 22K). From the “North Colored Beach” site of the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #8328. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

1060. Pair of gold cagework cufflinks. 11.58 grams total, each cufflink about 1-1/4” long. Intricate little spheres of high-karat filigree gold

connected by figure-eight loops, two of several found on the “Cabin wreck” site by the crew of the Virgalona in the summers of 1993-1994 and featured in various articles, offered here as a lot of two so the new owner can use them as cufflinks again, both pieces completely intact except for a tiny ball missing on one. From the 1715 Fleet, featured in the 1994 issue of Silver & Gold magazine (by Western & Eastern Treasures), with Fisher photo-certificates #23286F and I. Estimate: $5,000-up.

1063. Gold wedding ring (plain but thick). 4.91 grams, 3/4” in diameter (size 5+). One of the thickest rings we’ve seen, still for a small

finger (as the Spaniards’ were back then) but very solid and heavy, no engraving or design, medium fineness (lower than 22K). From the “North Colored Beach” site of the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #8325. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

1064. Gold “dragon whistle” (captain-general’s badge of office), extremely rare and important. 64.15 grams, about 2-7/8” long.

The Spanish Fleets of 1715 and 1733 were major disasters primarily because they were full, combined fleets, commanded by Spain’s top naval admirals (aboard the Almirantas) and captains-general (aboard the Capitanas), presumably all of whom were issued special whistles like this one, each crafted by Chinese artisans to look like a dragon with a long, slightly curved body with pointy tail terminating in a tiny scoop (for cleaning ears) and with long, scalloped fin at top hiding a pointed blade (for picking teeth) that has shifted slightly to cover the hole for hanging, the mouth and chin of the dragon open for use as a whistle to call hands on deck (we surmise). We know of two that were found on the 1715 Fleet: one with complete chain that was found in 1962 on the beach opposite the “Cabin wreck” site (believed to be the Capitana) and sold by Parke-Bernet Galleries (New York) in 1967 for $50,000 (plus fees) and later offered by Sotheby’s (New York) in 1993 for $75,000$100,000 (unsold then but ultimately selling privately in six figures); and a second one whose recovery and ownership are mysterious but that was on display in a museum in the Keys as late as the 1990s. From the 1733 Fleet, however, we know of only this one example, now making its first appearance on the open market, that is reportedly also a beach find, from 1986, in the vicinity of Plantation Key, documented in the Plus Ultra newsletter as being from El Infante but in our opinion more likely from the Capitana El Rubí and lost on the beach after the disaster in either case. This piece appears to be fully intact, although the toothpick fin is frozen in place and encrustation inside makes it impossible to whistle, still very intriguing in appearance and important as one of only three documented specimens (with rumors of a couple more), straight off the necks of the captains of the most famous Spanish fleets of all time. From the 1733 Fleet, featured (with photo) in Vol. 13 No. 3 (3rd quarter 1995) of Plus Ultra Newsletter. Estimate: $25,000-up.

1065. Gold reliquary ring with tulip-flower design. 4.23 grams, 7/8” in diameter (size 6). This ring consists of a tiny, square box on top with

open (encrusted) back that once held a relic and engraved on top with a four-petal flower, flanked on either side by tulip-shaped supports, the rest of the ring plain but with sharp and well preserved, all very high-grade gold and with small bits of white in the crevices. A 1986 beach find from the 1733 Fleet off Plantation Key. Estimate: $1,500-up.

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Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

1066. Clump containing one Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF, encrusted together (as found) with

glass shards and an intact silver fork with initials “J B” engraved under the handle, presumably belonging to the captain of the Reijgersdaal, Jan Brandt. 295 grams total, roughly 7-1/2” x 2-1/4” x 1-5/8”. This is probably the most interesting and attractive shipwreck

clump we have ever seen, as it combines valuable silver items of two very different fields of collecting—a coin and a fork—both choice and intact specimens, the coin with full date 1742 and the spoon with script initials J B (which happen to match the captain’s), with a thick chunk of orange “crud” in between that contains glass shards (no doubt from “onion” bottles), a bit of clay pipe stem and a square hole where an iron spike once lay. The spike, in fact, is the reason for this agglomeration, for its sloughing oxidation not only made it all stick together but also diverted the chemical reaction from the silver. However it came about, this piece is surely one of the neatest items to come from this wreck, which yielded almost exclusively coins, or from any wreck. From the Reijgersdaal (1747). Estimate: $2,000-up.

1067. Dutch glass “onion” bottle, intact, rare as from this

wreck. 673 grams, 7” tall and 5-1/2” in diameter. This complete and

totally undamaged bottle is in perfect condition, better than most non-salvage examples in fact, probably due to its contents having leaked out in the ocean, for others we have seen with corks and wine intact displayed significant flaking and discoloration from the acid in the wine. This piece, in contrast, has only minute traces of “pearling” and no chips or stars in the light olive-green glass, just some stains inside where some residue remained as well as very fine encrustation inside minute etching on the exterior. From the Reijgersdaal (1747). Estimate: $400-$600.

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Unidentified mid-1700s wreck off South America 1068. Large gold reliquary pendant with ornate border and hanger. 28.17 grams, about 3-1/2” x 2” x 3/4” overall. This

fabulous locket must have once contained a very significant relic, as the inside chamber measures about 1-1/4” x 1-3/8” x 3/4” in four lobes, although now it is empty save for a light veneer of attractive white encrustation, its two halves kept together by a screw-in fob at bottom, the exterior showing Mary and the Christ child on one side and Joseph with the Christ child on the other, the sides surrounded by scrollwork and plumes, with a matching hanger at top connected by loops, all in high-grade gold and in excellent condition. The design and character of this piece mirrors what has been seen from the Spanish 1715 and 1733 Fleets. From an unidentified mid-1700s wreck off South America. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

Geldermalsen (“Nanking Cargo”), sunk in 1752 in the South China Sea 1069. Lot of 2 Chinese blue-on-white porcelain lotus-

flower cups with rising stamens in centers painted as tiny men, rare and unusual, intact, ex-Hatcher. 419 grams total,

each about 2-1/2” tall and 4-1/4” in diameter. These are by far the most unusual porcelains we have seen, and we fail to understand their purpose, but their modus operandi appears to be that when each six-petalled cup is filled with liquid, a small piece inside a central dome rises with eight upright sticks through holes in the dome, showing painted faces and other features on each stick. The inside of each cup is painted a vivid blue, and the outside shows Chinese text (large on one, tiny on the other) in several columns, with three tiny feet on the base of each. Both cups are almost completely intact, just the central dome of one with chipped-off piece floating freely inside. From the Geldermalsen (1752) and pedigreed to the Hatcher Collection, with original Christie’s (Amsterdam) lot-stickers (June1984). Estimate: $600-$900.

1070. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain dish with dragon motif, intact. 310 grams, 7-1/2” in diameter and 1-1/2” tall. A fairly

small, shallow bowl with ring-like base, plain on the exterior but with crude dragon design in center surrounded by small ornaments inside a crenelated border, outside of which are four more ornaments, the glaze a bit worn but lacking any chips or frits or cracks. From the Geldermalsen (1752), with original Christie’s lot-sticker #3237. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1071. Small Chinese blue-on-white porcelain cup on pedestal, rare design, ex-Hatcher. 81 grams, 2-3/4” tall and 2-1/2” across the top. This is just like the normal teacups you see from the wrecks

of this period except with a 1”-tall pedestal for its base, first of its kind we have handled, with design on exterior only consisting of several trees (pine, bamboo and eucalyptus), the glaze somewhat matte and with very minor frits on rim but otherwise completely intact. From the Geldermalsen (1752) and pedigreed to the Hatcher Collection, with original Christie’s (Amsterdam) lot-stickers (June1984). Estimate: $200-$300.

Unidentified ca.-1780 wreck off Hispaniola

1072. Professionally restored Dutch flintlock pistol with polished pewter eagle buttplate. 787 grams, 13-3/4” long. Sometime

in the 1990s a shipment of Dutch flintlock pistols was found on a French ship off Hispaniola, and these pistols were found to be ornate and intact, but with all the wood and iron destroyed by worms and oxidation. The pistols were then taken to Doug Armstrong, who is famous for his conservation work on shipwreck artifacts, and he preserved the surviving metal parts (pewter in this case, consisting of an eagle-head buttcap, ornately engraved trigger-guard and sideplate and simple ramrod pipe), and married them back to facsimile wooden stocks and iron barrels and locks that were molded from originals and then re-coated with shelly bits of the original encrustation that had been removed. The result: Unique, eye-catching pistols that look just like what you would expect for shipwreck salvage but without the continuing decay (most flintlocks found on wrecks are either kept “wet” in tanks or are sealed with an unnatural glossy coating that eventually bursts). We have sold two of these pistols in previous auctions (one for over $4000), but this is the first we have seen with pewter fittings and an eagle-head butt instead of the usual dog-head. From an unidentified ca.-1780 wreck off Hispaniola, with photo-certificate from the conservator who restored it (D.R. Armstrong). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans

1073. Side of wooden chest with 23+ coins encrusted on it (as found). 10 lb, approx. 25” x 9” x 3”. This large and fragile display is basically a thick, wooden plank, worm-eaten at one end, with heavy encrustation holding white shell bits and eight clumps of coins onto one side and probably containing pieces of iron, as it is dark orange and cracking due to expansion, with a thin layer of lacquer on the surface for stability, among the most impressive artifacts from this highly promoted wreck, very eye-catching and substantial. From the Cazador (1784). (Pickup recommended, otherwise special shipping and handling fees will apply, at buyer’s risk, and no international shipping available.) Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

Diana, sunk in 1817 off Malaysia

1074. Intact porcelain plate with British East India Co. arms in gold. 639 grams, about 11-3/4” x 9-1/4”. This piece is rare enough as a complete, undamaged porcelain plate from a shipwreck, but what makes it really important and desirable is the completely intact company coat-of-arms in the center in gleaming gold leaf and traces of red and blue paint under the glaze, the gold paint around the rim faded and worn in comparison. From the Diana (1817), with original Christie’s (March 1993) lot-sticker #456/2. Estimate: $400-$600. 1075. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain bowl, tree and plants

motif, intact. 704 grams, 10-13/16” in diameter and 2-1/4” tall. The best aspect of this completely intact piece is its dark, vivid blue color, the design some sort of a swamp scene with one clear palm tree and what might be a large bird with five feathers and another figure with limbs next to the tree that could be a frog or human, with no chips or frits and only a couple hairline cracks near the rim that appear to be under the still-glossy glaze. From the Diana (1817), with original Christie’s (March 1993) lot-sticker #877/10. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Felix, sunk in 1821 off Santo Domingo 1076. Encrusted clump of dozens of copper-alloy

spoons. 867 grams total, roughly 8-1/2” x 2-1/2” x 2-1/2”. Very im-

pressive stack with white and orange encrustation on about half the surfaces, the exposed metal all bluish green with underlying dark-bronze color, each spoon fairly large (probably for soup). From the Felix (1821), with Global Marine Exploration photocertificate #TPA10027. Estimate: $350-$500.

Tek Sing, sunk in 1822 in the South China Sea

1077. Lot of 12 Chinese porcelain spoons in a wooden dis-

play rack. 1.54 kg total, about 10-1/2” x 6” x 10”, each spoon around 4” long. These are plain, unadorned spoons with gray-olive-brown color under glaze, but each one is intact and perfectly suited for its hole in the dark-brown wooden rack, which appears to be an antique as well. From the Tek Sing (1822), with original Nagel (Germany) auction stickers. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Arms / armor / militaria

Non-wreck Artifacts

1078. Spanish colonial

bronze mortar, 1700s. 4

kg, 5-1/4” tall and 3-3/4” in diameter (base), 1-5/8” bore.

Sometimes called a “thundermug,” small flat-based cannons like this were used as powder-testers and signaling guns, this one probably made in Mexico City (where it was found), with reinforced band decorations (the lower one containing the touch-hole), small handle, nice dark patina with minor pits and dents and nicks from heavy use. Estimate: $300-$450.

1079. Naval chain shot, 12 pounder, early 1800s, rare 11.44

kg, 28” long, each ball about 4” in diameter. Two big balls with cast-in loops connected by eight hand-forged chain links, typically used at close quarters to shred sails, rigging and enemy personnel. Excellent condition, all solid and heavy, just some rusty patina here and there (not corroded and cracking like shipwreck or even land-find specimens), lightly cleaned and preserved. From a New York collection. Estimate: $400-$600.

1080. Naval “stand of grapeshot,” 12 pounder, early 1800s, rare. 6 kg, 6” tall and 4-1/2” in

diameter. This type of projectile is seldom found intact, as when fired (mainly as anti-personnel) the components scattered. It consists of nine small balls held in place by two plates connected by a central bolt. By the time of the Civil War, this type of weapon had become obsolete and replaced by canister-shot. Excavated condition (land site, not salt water), with pitted surfaces judiciously cleaned and preserved, the iron stable and solid. Found in New York State. Estimate: $400-$600.

1081. Spanish military-style crossbow, colonial era (1500s-1700s), with original winding lever. 1.15 kg, 41” long and 29”

at its widest. Crossbows like this were used by Spanish military and colonial settlers for hundreds of years, this one with straight wooden stock (nicely carved) connected to a fixed iron lath (bow), iron stirrup in front and long lever trigger in center, forged mounts, double fiber sling (original) with ivory separators still with strong tension when cocked (fully functional) with its original iron winder (separate), all nicely dark with antique patina, just minor pitting on the iron. Found in Spain 25 years ago. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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1082. Flintlock blunderbuss pistol, mid- to late 1700s, German, marked HALBERD / BAVARIA. 1295 grams, 19” long. While

the rifle-like stock and flared barrel (1-3/8” at its widest, a scarce design) and buttplate are simple and unengraved, the sideplate around the lock shows a horse and the words HALBERD over BAVARIA, which we cannot trace but point to a German origin, all the parts functional but some of the screws raised and possibly old replacements, the wooden stock free of cracks or other damage and nicely reddish in color. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

1083. German gentleman’s flintlock-to-percussion pistol, ca.1760-1780. 626 grams, 13-1/4” long. A high-quality gun that must have

belonged to an officer or a wealthy civilian, originally a flintlock but converted to percussion, with maker’s mark “alen a. dietz” signed on the lockplate, turned and fluted barrel (brownish in color, 7” long), walnut stock with carved decorations and ornate brass mounts (trigger-guard, buttplate, sideplate and ramrod holder, the ramrod typically missing) and ivory fore-end tip. The lock appears to be complete but loose (needs adjustment to be fully functional), operational trigger. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1084. Spanish military flintlock pistol, ca. 1770-1800. 768 grams, 14” long. A simple gun with no markings but well preserved, with brass pan and reinforced hammer, walnut stock with plain brass mounts of a style carried by Spanish officers in the colonies, nicely brownpatinated surfaces with very light pitting on the lock (complete) and barrel (7-1/2” long), replacement ramrod with brass tip of correct type. Estimate: $600-$900.

1085. British “sea service” flintlock pistol, early 1800s. 1475 grams, 19-1/2” long. The classic sidearm of the Royal Navy, with markings on lockplate consisting of a crowned GR for King George III, crowned arrow and TOWER for the Tower of London armories, the lock completely functional and the 12’-long iron barrel still clean and bright, simple brass mounts, replacement ramrod. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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1086. Eastern European horseman’s flintlock blunderbuss pistol, ca. 1800-30. 1557 grams, 20” long. Attractive piece with traces of gold inlay on the worn barrel (flaring to 1-1/2”), the lockplate engraved with crescent moons, stars and possible makers’ marks, decoratively carved stock, brass mounts with iron saddle-ring on sideplate, ramrod missing. The lock appears to be complete and should be functional with minor adjustment. Estimate: $600-$900.

1087. European (Spanish or French) military hanger sword, 1600s. 660 grams, 32-1/2” long. Straight double-edge blade with blood grooves, fleur-de-lis-with-cross armorer’s mark, figure-eight iron hilt with thumb guard and S-shaped quillon, plain walnut handle, spiraldecorated pommel, the 27” blade bright with darker toned patches, small nicks and cracks from light use in its time. Estimate: $600-$900.

1088. European swept-hilt rapier, German or Italian, ca. 1680-1700. 870 grams, 42” long. Elaborate cage-hilt with grip wrapped with spiral-twisted wire, long and narrow tapered blade, double-edged, bright with some dark toning, one joint on guard slightly separated but otherwise in nice and uncleaned condition overall. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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1089. European (French?) iron-hilted hanger-cutlass, ca. 1700-1730. 438 grams, 21” long. Curved single-edge blade struck with armorer’s mark, iron D-form hilt with decorations, stag-horn handle, nice overall but once cleaned, light age-pitting on blade, dark toning and edge nicks from use. Estimate: $300-$450.

1090. Brass-hilt cutlass hanger marked H & R Boker (Herman and Robert Boeker, Remscheid, Solingen, Germany), ca. 1830. 1.27 kg, 30” long. Napoleonic pattern, adopted by French military in 1808 but very popular and used by many nations for the next 80 years as a short saber, both in the infantry and among artillery and marine troops, some in fact imported by the Confederacy during the Civil War, this specimen with brass-tipped leather scabbard (the leather still pliable but with faint age cracking, wear and minor hole on edge), solid brass “D” guard, overall nice condition, with bright blade (some age toning), clear makers’ mark, some inspector stamps on hilt. Estimate: $300-$450.

1091. French naval boarding axe, 1800s. 1015 grams, 22” long, the blade 9-1/2” x 6-1/4”. The axe

head on this item has a curved blade on one side and a spike on the other, used both as a weapon and as a tool to clear battle damage, with anchor marks on both the blade and the haft, nice brown patina all over, minor pitting, nicks and dents from normal use. Estimate: $400-$600.

1092. Bowie knife and original scabbard, antler grip, late 1800s(?). 441 grams, 15-1/2” long.

One can just imagine an Old West pioneer or hunter using this piece as a weapon or tool, its lightly engraved blade still clean and sharp but its brass quillon and brown grip showing some age, the tiny finial and washer at end a bit more modern in appearance, although we confess we do not know the age of any part of this attractive piece, although its fringed-leather scabbard looks aged as well, but intact. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1093. European armor breastplate, 1600s. 3.05 kg, about 13” x

15-1/2”. Heavy hand-forged construction with folded-over edge-rim,

armorer’s mark “L” below neck and (curiously) one dent from a musketball impact, probably imparted during battle, plus four small holes near the arms for attaching to other armor parts. The front has been cleaned and polished for display, with heavy old patination on back (as found). Found in an English country house. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1094. Spanish military cabasset helmet, 1600s. 1.26 kg, about

10-1/2” x 9” x 7”. Hand-hammered construction with “pear stalk” peak, folded-edge rim, the steel retaining-rivets intact and with ornate brass rosettes, a few remaining fragments of the leather interior band, nicely aged surface toning on exterior and rusty spots inside, uncleaned and untouched for years. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Equestrian

1095. Lot of 2 Spanish colonial brass stirrups (estribos), ca. 1700. 2.26 kg, each about 11” x 4” x 5”. With the appearance of

brass shoes with upturned toes and open backs, an old design that was imported from Europe while some were made locally, the upper bars decorated in the likeness of a pre-Columbian chief with headdress, two triangular vent-holes in the bottom of each shoe, these stirrups are in nice original condition with honest wear and only minor scratches and nicks from use, aged toning. Found in Colombia. Estimate: $300-$450.

1096. Lot of 2 Spanish colonial steel spurs (espuelas), ca. 1700. 1.18 kg, each 9” long and 5” in diameter. These massive spurs of cut steel are inlaid with silver (the designs similar but not identical), with 4-3/4”-diameter rowels, original condition, some dark toning and minor rust, cleaned but not buffed. Found in South America. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Jewelry / religious 1097. Spanish or French wooden cross with carved-bone

Christ figure, ca. 1800. 68 grams, 13-1/2” x 5”. Beautifully rustic, hand-made, European country religious art in original condition, as found, not cleaned, with the Christ figure curiously with his impossibly short arms up over his head as opposed to out to the side, the crossbones part of Golgotha at bottom missing but the skull intact as well as a ribbon with IN RI (upside-down) at top, both in bone as well. Estimate: $300-$450.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Miscellaneous 1098. Bone sundial, Spanish colonial (1500s-1600s), rare. 15.18 grams, 2-1/8” in diameter and 1/4” thick. Before there were clocks and wristwatches, the only

way to keep track of time of day was the sun, so small and portable sundials like this one were all the rage with important people. Surviving specimens are nevertheless rare, and generally come from shipwrecks of the period, but this one was found on land, unfortunately still with pieces lost to the elements (also some cracks) but most of it still intact with clear markings etched into the off-white bone surface. Found at a Spanish colonial settlement in the southern Caribbean. Estimate: $500-up.

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1099. Dutch green-glass “onion” bottle, ca. 1730-1760. 569

grams, 7” tall and 5-1/2” in diameter. Typical but popular piece, fully

intact with no chips or cracks or stars, still perfectly green in color, with just a few bubbles in the glass (one big), traces of residue inside, the exterior mostly glossy, very well preserved. Estimate: $200-$300.

1100. Spanish colonial earthenware “olive jar,” 1700s. 3.02

kg, 12” tall and 8” in diameter at its widest. The common container of its time, made in the shape of an olive (which is what many of them held) for carrying liquids and dry goods, the narrow top rim with rolled lip, circumferential manufacturing lines around the outside but no markings, fully intact but with light coating of dirt, depression in side (as made) that actually allows it to be displayed without a stand. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Internet Only (Live) Gold Cobs Bogotá, Colombia

Seville, Spain Charles-Joanna 1106. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to right, mintmark S to left. CT-57. 3.32 grams. Broad-flan AXF with light red toning, full legends. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1107. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to right, mintmark S to left. CT-57. 3.30 grams. Small-flan AXF

1101. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer

not visible (style of assayer A to right, ca. 1635), mintmark NR to left, from the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” S-B20; KM-4.1.

6.55 grams. Broad, crudely uneven flan with full shield and crown

and cross (some flat spots), particularly bold tressure, light sediment, AU for actual wear. From the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1102. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II, assayer P to right (1670s-80s). S-B22a or B23; KM-14.1. 6.79 grams. Small, thick flan with good full shield, incomplete cross, XF with edge-split. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

with toning in crevices, good details. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1108. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer

Gothic D to right, mintmark S to left. CT-56. 3.33 grams. Lustrous AU with typical fine details all over but with minor flat areas and slightly doubled cross, bold mintmark and much legend. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Philip II 1109. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D with open right side below mintmark S to left. CT-56

Sharp AU with choice full shield and cross, lustrous, edge-crack. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

(var). 6.72 grams.

Philip III 1103. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II (pre1700), from the 1715 Fleet. KM-14.1. 6.76 grams. AU with nice shield, off-center and doubled cross, luster but minor marks. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1110. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1619(G). KM-48.3; CT-48.

6.65 grams. Full 19 of date, XF+ with hint of toning and luster but

very crude surfaces as struck with rusty dies, minor edge damage. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1111. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III (?), assayer 1104. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer not visible. 5.86 grams. Good full cross and shield with encrusta-

M to right (1732-44). S-B26; KM-17.2. 6.70 grams. Small, thick flan with full and bold cross and shield and assayer M, XF+ with faint red toning on fields. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

tion in crevices, old scratches, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $600-$900.

Philip IV or Charles II

1105. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Charles II post- 1112. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV or Charles humous (1700-1715). S-B24. 3.31 grams. VF with nice red toning on fields (good contrast), nice full cross. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

II, assayer not visible. 6.69 grams. Full but slightly crude cross and shield, VF with sediment in crevices. Estimate: $600-$900.

289


World Gold Coins Brazil (colonial)

1121. Costa Rica, 1 peso, 1866GW, fineness omitted. KM-

José I

$250-$375.

107.3. 1.41 grams.

XF with hint of luster, somewhat crude. Estimate:

1113. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, José I, 1770-R, encapsu- 1122. Costa Rica, 1 peso, 1872GW. KM-116. 1.44 grams. XF with lated NGC AU 58. KM-172.2. Highly lustrous but with light wear or

weakness on highest points, minor flan-flaw on upper lip. Estimate: $600-$900.

hint of luster, traces of die-clashing on reverse. Estimate: $250-$375.

1123. Costa Rica, 5 colones, 1900. KM-142. 3.98 grams. AU details,

lightly polished (lustrous), old mark on cheek. Estimate: $150-$225.

Brazil (Empire) Pedro II 1114. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1851, small bust, encap-

sulated NGC MS 61. KM-463. Bagmarks and hairlines in fields but no wear to speak of, lustrous. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Canada 1115. Newfoundland, Canada, 2 dollars, 1882-H. KM-5. 3.32

grams. XF with light red toning and traces of luster in legends, no

problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

weak at highest point in hair. Estimate: $200-$300.

1125. Costa Rica (struck in Philadelphia), 2 colones, 1922.

1116. Canada, 5 dollars, George V, 1912. KM-26. 8.37 grams.

Lustrous and lightly red-toned Mint State with minor bagmarks. Estimate: $400-$600.

Colombia (Republic) 1117. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1823JF.

1124. Costa Rica (struck in Philadelphia), 2 colones, 1900, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-139. Lightly toned, no wear but

KM-139. 1.56 grams. MS with muted luster, no problems, slightly weak

strike at highest point in hair. Estimate: $175-$250.

Japan

Restrepo-161.1;

Bold VF with hint of toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-81.1. 3.34 grams.

1118. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1825JF. Restrepo-161.5; KM-

AXF with red toning all over, old mark on date and newer one next to the A of BOGOTÁ. Estimate: $350-$500.

81.1. 3.39 grams.

1126. Lot of 20 Japanese 2 shu (ni-shu gins, “samurai coins”)

Costa Rica (Republic) 1119. Costa Rica, 1/2 escudo, 1855GW, encapsulated NGC XF 40. KM-97. Slightly crudely struck as usual, good luster for the grade. Estimate: $250-$375.

of the mid-1800s. 32.78 grams total. Typically quality (problem-free XF-AU), popular for jewelry and souvenirs, struck in low-grade gold but decent in color. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1127. Lot of 20 Japanese 2 shu (ni-shu gins, “samurai coins”) of the mid-1800s. 32.70 grams total. Typically quality (problem-free

1120. Costa Rica, 2 pesos, 1866GW, rare, ex-Caballero de XF-AU), popular for jewelry and souvenirs, struck in low-grade gold las Yndias. KM-113. 2.91 grams. Lustrous XF with hairlines on reverse. Pedigreed to the Caballero de las Yndias collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

but decent in color. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

290


Mexico (colonial)

1135. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João V, 1723. KM-201. 1.03

grams. AU with fine encrustation and toning (salvaged?), popular for jewelry. Estimate: $200-$300.

Busts 1128. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

1797FM. KM-159; CT-47. 26.99 grams. Lightly hairlined AU with much luster, nice strike. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

1129. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1805TH.

AXF with weak centers, nice red toning in legends, lustrous as probably lightly polished in its past. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500. KM-159; CT-60. 26.89 grams.

1136. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João V, 1726. KM-201. 1.08

grams. Lustrous AU but with plugged hole at top and minor rimdamage, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $200-$300.

1137. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João V, 1729. KM-201. 1.12 grams. Bold XF+, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $200-$300.

1138. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João V, 1730. KM-201. 0.99 gram. Slightly low-relief XF, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $200-$300.

Netherlands (United)

Spain Ferdinand-Isabel 1139. Seville, Spain, double excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel, 8-point star and 4 dots at top, mintmark S and 2 dots at bottom between busts. CT-69. 7.08 grams. Bold AU or so, with full

1130. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1711, from De- inner details and much legend but clearly with tangential piece broken Liefde (1711).

Mint State with traces of luster (otherwise matte), fully detailed knight’s head. From DeLiefde (1711), with certificates and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of January 2009, with original lot-tag #936. Estimate: $500-$750. KM-7.4. 3.48 grams.

Portugal

off and soldered back on. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

Philip V 1140. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V (new bust), 1744PJ. KM-361.2; CT-587. 1.75 grams. Nice AXF with hint of luster,

no problems. Estimate: $175-$250.

1131. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, João V, 1714. KM-182. 2.58

grams. XF with slight rim-bend above crown, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $350-$500.

1132. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, João V, 1720. KM-182. 2.58

grams. XF+ with dark sediment around details (salvaged?), particularly

nice rims, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $350-$500.

Charles III 1141. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788C,

encapsulated NGC VF 20. KM-425.2; CT-808. Bold strike, much contrast from dark sediment around details. Estimate: $175-$250.

1133. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, João V, 1721. KM-182. 2.36

Ferdinand VII

1134. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, João V, 1741. KM-182. 2.26

1142. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1817GJ. CT-360; KM-492. 1.70 grams. Problem-free XF with light ton-

grams. VF/XF, popular for jewelry. Estimate: $350-$500.

grams. Bold XF, thinner than usual, popular for jewelry. Estimate:

ing and underlying luster, desirable one-year type (the only mainland 1/2E issue under this king). Estimate: $200-$300.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure, World & U.S. Coin Auction #15 (Spring, 2014).

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

$350-$500.

291


Shipwreck Silver Coins “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean 1143. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer not visible (P to right, mintmark M to left: oMo-oPo). Nesmith-26 for type; S-M4. 10.38 grams. Full pillars and shield

with lustrous AU details but with staining and light to moderate corrosion (part of edge missing). Estimate: $200-$300.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 1144. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayers G and L. Nesmith-46, 82, 86; S-M5 and M9. 50.47 grams total. Good details despite light to moderate corrosion,

three with significant areas of encrustation. Estimate: $600-$900.

1149. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 4, with original, hand-signed photo-certificate from 1976 (rare). KM-10. 6.14 grams. Dark, thin sliver of a coin

(heavily corroded), but with valuable original certificate. With handsigned Fisher photo-certificate #3238 and original coin-holder. Estimate: $150-$225.

Potosí mixed denominations 1150. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, silver cobs from the Atocha (1622), all Grade 4. 33.64 grams total. A mix of 8R, 4R and 2R (each one somewhat indeterminate due to heavy corrosion), also at least one probably Mexico and not Potosí, but all with original tags and certificates and therefore quite marketable. With Fisher certificates #169530, 169796, 169814, 172250, 215546 and 222607. Estimate: $600-$900.

1145. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, 1151. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cobs (one 8R, one 4R and

“Late Series,” all assayer L.

Nesmith-82; S-M9. 51.51 grams total.

Light to moderate corrosion, good details, small spots of encrustation. Estimate: $600-$900.

1146. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna,

“Late Series,” assayer G (where visible). Nesmith-49; S-M5. 12.42 grams total. Light to moderate corrosion, nice details, small spots of encrustation. Estimate: $200-$300.

two 2R), Philip III, assayer T or not visible, all Grade 4, with original tags but certificates missing. 37.25 grams total. The 4R is heavily corroded but the 8R is rather solid (and with upper half of shield transposed) and both 2R have nice crosses. With Fisher tags #133871, 154322, 166364 and 220817. Estimate: $250-$375.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, east of Africa Group lots 1152. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II

1147. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-81; S-M9. 6.56 grams. Nice XF details (no corrosion), full interiors and much bold

legend, hairline edge-split, attractively toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Potosí 8R 1148. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, upper half of shield and quadrants of cross transposed, Grade-2 quality but certificate and tag missing. S-P21; KM-10. 19.88 grams. Bold T, good full cross with nice toning, full but corroded shield. Estimate: $150-$225.

and III, assayers F or D where visible, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

1153. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II

and III, assayers F or D where visible, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

1154. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II

and III, assayers F or D where visible, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

292


1155. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II

and III, assayers F or D where visible, all Grade 2. Solid coins

with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

1156. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II

and III, assayers F or D where visible, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. Note one slab says Bolivia by mistake With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

1157. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III,

assayers B, R, Q, M and T, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island 1163. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer

not visible.

KM-38. 13.07 grams. Corrosion-free but much flatness, bold denomination 4, nicely toned. Estimate: $75-$110.

1164. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-33. 6.57 grams. Round and well-preserved (minimal corrosion, nice toning) but with much flatness, otherwise full shield and cross. Estimate: $125-$200.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola 1165. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P.

S-M19; KM-45. 24.70 grams. Good full cross and shield and oMP, lightly

corroded all over but nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1158. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, 1166. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. assayers B, R, Q, M and T, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least

decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

S-M19; KM-45. 26.65 grams. Round and nearly corrosion-free but much flatness, clear oMP, lightly toned all over (not much contrast). With ANACS photo-certificate from 1986, and pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #61. Estimate: $100-$150.

1167. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 26.47 grams. Steel-gray

toning all over (no contrast), no

1159. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, corrosion but much weak strike, good shield. With brown Blanchard

assayers B, R, Q, M and T, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

wallet-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #60. Estimate: $100-$150.

1168. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 23.49 grams. Full oMP and shield and cross, minimal

corrosion but some flatness, no toning, edge a bit crude. With photo-

1160. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II and III, certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

assayers B, R, Q, M and T, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

1161. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers R, Q and T, all Grade 2. Solid coins with at least decent shields

and/or crosses despite light to moderate corrosion and flatness. With certificates from the salvager and booklet The Numismatic Collection of the São José (1622), by Alejandro Mirabal (Arqueonautas, 2012), with accompanying DVD. Estimate: $500-$750.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, south of England 1162. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617.

1169. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-45. 25.27 grams. Corrosion-free but mostly flat, neat

barrel-shape with edge-split, full cross, part of shield bold, lightly toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #1, with original lot-tag #123. Estimate: $80-$120.

���San Francisco wreck,” sunk ca. 1647 off the Cape Verde Islands 1170. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV (1630s or 40s),

assayer not visible, rare provenance. KM-17a. 20.30 grams. Most of shield and cross despite peripheral flatness and all-over corrosion, spotty toning, one of very few coins available from this wreck. With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2010, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #273. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-13. 26.83 grams. Parts of legend bold (clear 161 but weak 7 of date),

full but slightly weak lion and knight, no corrosion but part of edge mangled, nicely toned. With salvagers’ certificate #RD19. Estimate: $100-$150.

293


Lastdrager, sunk in 1653 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland 1171. Emden, Germany (Holy Roman Empire), 28 stuber

(2/3 thaler), Ferdinand III (1637-1657).

KM-16. 16.13 grams.

Very darkly toned over light surface corrosion, all details still clear. Estimate: $100-$150.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador 1172. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1652E (post-transitional), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-16. 6.12 grams. Minimal corrosion but

much flatness, otherwise full pillars and cross (the latter off-center), 3 mintmarks. Estimate: $125-$200.

1177. Tassarollo, Italian States, luigino, 1666-T. KM-52.1. 2.16

grams. Lustrous UNC details, minimal surface corrosion in just a few spots. Estimate: $100-$150.

Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville harbor 1178. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-346.

24.27 grams. Minimal corrosion but much flatness, most of pillars-

and-waves and cross, three assayers. Pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #361. Estimate: $150-$225.

Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador 1179. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1674E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-349.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

21.46 grams. Good full cross, full but doubled pillars despite moderate to heavy corrosion all over, good toning around details. With photocertificate #M007023 from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1173. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 165(3)P. S-M19; KM-

1180. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350.

in evidence, bold mintmark and 16 of date. Estimate: $150-$225.

to heavily corroded as usual. With photo-certificate #M007032 from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

45; CT-358. 24.67 grams. Dark as uncleaned, with light surface corrosion

Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia

17.89 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, nicely toned, but moderately

1181. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V, mounted in silver

bezel with 14K prongs and fleur-de-lis bail. S-P39; KM-26; CT361. 30.67 grams. Choice full cross, full but doubled pillars-and-waves,

1174. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer

nicely toned but corroded as usual. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

ish flan, light to moderate surface corrosion, minimal toning. With certificate #2905 issued by the Western Australian Museum. Estimate: $125-$200.

1182. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1672E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT599. 3.99 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, nearly full cross, moderate

P, with W.A.M. certificate. S-M19; KM-33. 5.59 grams. Small, round-

Unidentified ca.-1667 wreck off Sicily

corrosion, nicely toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1183. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, uncleaned cob 1R (one shieldtype and two pillars-and-waves, one with date 1659 visible). 8.37 grams total. Formerly clumped together but now separate, with

areas of encrustation remaining on all three, the pillars-and-waves one with nice full cross visible. With ROBCAR certificate #M110232. Estimate: $150-$225.

1184. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1661E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1061. 1.39 grams. Thin from corrosion but with bold full pillars and 3 clear

dates, toned around details. With photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #1, with original lot-tag #152. Estimate: $75-$110.

1175. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer

P (1660s). S-M19; KM-33. 6.47 grams. Nice full cross and shield with

Spanish 1681 Fleet off Porto Bello, Panama

1176. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 26.96 grams. Very crude shape and thickness, darkly

1185. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1672E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-599.

contrasting toning, no corrosion but some flatness. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

toned, minimal corrosion. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

4.61 grams. Broad, thin flan with good full pillars-and-waves, full cross,

2 mintmarks and assayer, nice toning, light corrosion. With Sedwick photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #329. Estimate: $100-$150.

294


Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa 1186. Lot of 9 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV and Charles II, assayers not visible. 94.62 grams total. A few cor-

roded but most solid, just much flatness as is typical. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

1193. Lot of 10 Lima, Peru, and Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R and 4R (mostly fragments), various dates and assayers (where visible). 156.51 grams total. Some good detail despite heavy corrosion

and fragmentation, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $400-$600.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the “Taj Mahal treasure,” sunk ca. 1702 Scilly Isles, southwest of England off Sri Lanka 1194. Clump of two coins in matrix (as found): one English 1187. Surat, India (Mughal Empire), 1 rupee, Aurangzeb

(1658-1707), AH1113 (1702). 10.84 grams. Bold details despite light surface corrosion, nicely toned. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

shilling (probably William III, 1696-7) and one Mexican cob 8R (probably Charles II, late 1600s). 51.60 grams total. About half

of each coin exposed with dark chunk of crud holding them together, interesting as a mix of countries in one conglomerate. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the ShetAfrica land Islands, north of Scotland 1188. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), por-

trait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1648. KM-72.1. 19.21 grams. Choice full obverse details, including legends, but corroded reverse and thin overall, nicely toned. With original certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #655. Estimate: $125-$200.

Spanish Netherlands 1195. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Charles II, 1666. KM-79.1. 31.45 grams. Broad flan

with full legends and choice details, not much contrast, light surface

1189. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), por- corrosion on obverse only. Estimate: $175-$250.

trait 1/2 ducatoon, Albert and Isabel, 1619. KM-48.1. 16.60 grams. Choice specimen with light wear but virtually no corrosion, nice portraits and legends, scarce type as from a wreck. Estimate: $150-$225.

1196. Flanders, Spanish Netherlands (Bruges mint), portrait ducatoon, Charles II, 1673. KM-64. 30.89 grams. Bold portrait and legends, toned all over (not much contrast), minimal surface corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

Unidentified ca.-1705 wreck off the northern coast of South America United Netherlands 1190. Lot of 10 Lima, Peru, and Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R and

4R (mostly fragments), various dates and assayers (where visible). 123.23 grams total. Some good detail despite heavy corrosion

and fragmentation, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $400-$600.

1191. Lot of 10 Lima, Peru, and Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R and

4R (mostly fragments), various dates and assayers (where visible). 144.48 grams total. Some good detail despite heavy corrosion

and fragmentation, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $400-$600.

1192. Lot of 10 Lima, Peru, and Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R and 4R (mostly fragments), various dates and assayers (where visible). 139.21 grams total. Some good detail despite heavy corrosion

and fragmentation, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $400-$600.

1197. West Friesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1660. Delm-1019; Dav-4939. 31.25 grams. Bold legends and clear inner details despite light surface corrosion and uneven strike, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1198. Zwolle, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1664,

rare.

Delm-1042; Dav-4947. 29.65 grams. Full details despite light to moderate surface corrosion, toned all over. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1199. Deventer, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1667, rare. Delm-1038; Dav-4944. 29.18 grams. Uneven flan with light

to moderate surface corrosion but most details clear and nicely toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1200. Gelders, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1667. Bold legends and nice inner details (especially the reverse), minimal corrosion, lightly toned all over. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

Delm-1009; Dav-4923. 31.29 grams.

295


1201. Campen, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1670,

rare.

Bold legends (especially the date), full inner details despite light surface corrosion, toned all over. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225. Delm-1039; Dav-4945. 31.34 grams.

1202. Gelders, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1670.

Delm-1009; Dav-4923. 30.87 grams. Bold details (the “rider” a little weak) despite light surface corrosion, nicely toned all over. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1203. West Friesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon,

1672.

Delm-1019; Dav-4939. 31.87 grams. The “rider” and legends all bold, with minimal (and localized) surface corrosion, uneven toning. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1204. Holland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1673,

date below arms. Delm-1014; Dav-4930. 30.00 grams. Smallish flan with decent details despite moderate corrosion, mostly toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1205. West Friesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1673, date in legend at top. Delm-1019; Dav-4939. 30.95 grams. Broad

flan with nice details all over, minimal surface corrosion, all toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1206. West Friesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon,

1679, date below arms.

Solid despite moderate surface corrosion, the legends bold, mostly toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150. Delm-1020; Dav-4940. 31.30 grams.

1207. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1692,

date below arms, rare. Delm-1031; Dav-4938. 30.86 grams. Some bold

legends and clear date despite light to moderate surface corrosion, nicely toned. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida Mexico 1209. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

S-M22; KM-47. 24.31 grams. Bold oMJ, most of cross and shield despite flatness, minimal corrosion, lightly toned. With Sedwick certificate from 2008. Estimate: $125-$200.

1210. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

S-M22; KM-47. 22.62 grams. Silvery from cleaning but with well-detailed shield (late-1714 style), much flatness but minimal corrosion. With Fisher photo-certificate #KF565-04. Estimate: $125-$200.

1211. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 26.39 grams. Broad and solid flan with no corrosion

but much flatness (crude strike), most of shield and cross nevertheless, deeply toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1212. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. KM-47. 26.14 grams. Elongated shape, minimal corrosion but the details unclear as uncleaned, mostly dark. Estimate: $125-$200.

1213. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. KM-47. 24.71 grams. Very curious coin with natural bubble at edge at bottom of nearly full shield, nearly full crown, part of cross bold, light surface corrosion, nicely toned. From the Rio Mar site (beach find from 2004), with Sedwick photo-certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #519. Estimate: $125-$200.

1214. Lot of 12 Mexican silver cobs (nine 8R and three 4R), assayer J or not visible, some uncleaned. 161.43 grams total. Mod-

erate to heavy corrosion but some details clear, 4 dark as uncleaned but the rest slightly silvery. Most with Fisher tags and various certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $600-$900.

1215. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer J. S-M22; KM-40. 11.33 grams. Odd shape (as made), bold full oMJ despite

light surface corrosion, darkly toned around details. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1216. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer

J. S-M22; KM-40. 13.05 grams. Interesting rhomboid shape, totally de-

void of corrosion, with full oMJ and nice shield and cross, choice for shipwreck. Estimate: $100-$150.

1208. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711.

Delm-1031; Dav-1832. 31.75 grams. Choice AU details despite faint traces

of surface corrosion, attractively toned, parts of rims slightly crude. Pedigreed to the DeLiefde Research Collection. Estimate: $150-$225.

1217. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible (J), scarce error with denomination as “8”. S-M22; KM-40. 12.54 grams. Interesting shape, clear denomination, corroded cross, dark-orange encrustation. With Real Eight certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #448. Estimate: $100-$150.

1218. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. KM-40. 11.35 grams. Nearly square shape, solid and uncorroded but somewhat worn, dark toning in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

296


1219. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, Philip V, assayer

not visible (J), denomination as “o” (rare). S-M22; KM-24. 1.67

1227. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 20.40 grams. Full date and oMF, small thick flan and moderate

nomination “o” (no one knows why), the cross almost full, minimal corrosion, patches of dark toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

surface corrosion but nice contrast. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with certificate 124 from the salvager, and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #510. Estimate: $150-$225.

1220. Lot of 15 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1R (2) and 1/2R

1228. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F.

grams. Off-center obverse enabling a full PHILIPPVS to right of de-

(13), Charles II and Philip V. 26.53 grams total. Uncleaned and

dark but not overly corroded, one with thick orange encrustation, some with nice details. Estimate: $200-$300.

S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 44.50 grams total. Fairly clear dates and other details despite heavy surface corrosion. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with certificates #11164-5 from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

1229. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F,

Lima 1221. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1700H. S-L15; KM-21; CT-575. 4.58 grams. Nice full pillars with bold date, clear second date below cross, moderate corrosion, brown toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

rare first date of series. KM-103; CT-774. 20.12 grams. Clear date, bold pillars and shield despite heavy surface corrosion, good toning. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with certificate #11162 from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

1230. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip

Mixed mints

V, 1732F, rare first date of series. KM-103; CT-774. 40.93 grams total.

1222. Lot of two small cobs: Mexico 1/2R Philip V and

Potosí 1R 1658E. 3.72 grams total. The 1/2R is a nice teardrop shape with full cross and monogram (dark, no corrosion), and the 1R is moderately corroded but with full pillars. Both with Sedwick photocertificates and pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tags #491 and 500. Estimate: $100-$150.

Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off Norway 1223. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

not visible. KM-47. 25.65 grams. Solid flan with light surface corrosion

Some bold details despite moderate to heavy corrosion, good toning. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with certificates 11160-1 from the salvagers. Estimate: $500-$750.

Unidentified early 1700s wreck in the Bahamas 1231. Lot of 4 encrusted (uncleaned) silver cobs (8R and 4R, probably all Mexico). 43.71 grams total. Neat little artifacts, 2 solid but 2 “biscuitized” (black, puffy and lightweight), thick encrustation on all. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $90-$135.

only, much flatness, much better than most from this wreck. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off ZeeLe Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova land, the Netherlands Cobs Scotia, Canada 1224. France (mint uncertain), ecu, date not visible, en- 1232. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, Philip V, date and assayer (J)

crusted (as found) but choice. 23.74 grams. Orange-brown sheen all over with tiny shell bits, full edge in evidence to indicate lack of corrosion, should be nice if cleaned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1225. Large lot of 41 French ecus, various dates and mints

not visible, scarce provenance. 26.13 grams. Choice VF details, nicely toned, but date off flan, light surface corrosion near parts of edge only. With generic certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1233. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a;

where visible. 624 grams total. Some fairly solid but most heavily

CT-764. 26.61 grams. Very

worn and corroded, all dark as uncleaned, some with light sheen of encrustation, all very typical for this wreck. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

thick and solid coin with full date and bold full oMF, good cross, some minor surface corrosion, much flatness. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #584. Estimate: $125-$200.

Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

1234. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1733/2(F), rare.

1226. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, assayer not

visible. KM-47a. 21.92 grams. Bold date and oM, full shield and cross despite heavy surface corrosion. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with certificate #11163 from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

S-M26; KM-40a; CT-1032. 12.38 grams. Solid coin with minimal corrosion, bold date and overdate, off-center strike, nicely toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #243. Estimate: $125-$200.

297


United Netherlands

Pillars

1235. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon,

1243. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

1733. KM-80. 32.05 grams. Choice AU details with only faint traces of

surface corrosion, nice luster and light toning. With small promotional box and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

Mostly XF details with some localized corrosion and black spots. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-778. 25.22 grams.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England England 1244. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF.

Cobs

AU details, the shield side in particular choice and deeply toned, light surface corrosion all over. With tag and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-103; CT-790. 25.91 grams.

1236. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer

L, rare early issue for this wreck. S-M21; KM-46. 26.40 grams. Full

oML, solid coin with no corrosion but some wear and lots of flatness as usual. Estimate: $125-$200.

1237. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-47a. 26.50 grams. Solid and uncorroded, with

full oMR, good shield and cross but with crazy S-shaped bubble-hole in center, partially filled with encrustation. Estimate: $125-$200.

1238. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

R (1729-30). S-M24; KM-47a. 25.26 grams. Full oMR and other good details despite flatness and light (localized) surface corrosion. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

1239. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible. KM-47a. 26.35 grams. Full shield and cross but much peripheral flatness, dark staining, minimal corrosion. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1240. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47a. 26.21 grams. Roundish flan with good full shield

and cross, bold .8. denomination, lightly polished, solid but very light surface corrosion. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1245. Lot of two Mexico City, Mexico, pillar coins (8R 1739MF and 4R 1740MF with 4/3) in a custom-printed plastic holder. 8-1/4” x 5”. Nice specimens, the 8R (called “piece of eight” in holder) uncorroded XF with attractive rainbow toning, the 4R (called “four bit piece” in holder) corroded but lustrous and with clear date (the overdate very scarce), in an impressive display. In Capital Plastics holder printed with name and information of wreck, and accompanied by an original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 1246. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1697VR.

S-P40; KM-24;

Nice detail, no corrosion but peripheral flatness, 2 dates on pillars side, full cross. With generic certificate and tag. Estimate: $100-$150.

CT-628. 6.66 grams.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

1241. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

not visible.

KM-47a. 26.40 grams. Solid and uncorroded coin with full but curiously doubled shield, most of cross, toned around details, lightly polished. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

Klippes 1242. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, (1733)MF, cobstyle planchet. S-M28; KM-48; CT-768. 25.85 grams. Typically very sharp

full shield and crown and cross, bold MF, date off flan, nice toning, corrosion on parts of edge only. Estimate: $300-$450.

1247. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF.

KM-103; CT-787. 26.86 grams. Choice specimen with no corrosion, AU-

details, deep toning all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $300-$450.

298


1248. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1743MF, ex-Bir. KM-103; CT-795. 26.48 grams. No corrosion, AU- details, nice

but uneven toning. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #561 and Sedwick photocertificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1249. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1740MF

with 4/3. KM-94; CT-1056. 13.07 grams. Bold AU details with minimal

surface corrosion and deep toning all over, very scarce overdate (Gilboy M-4-12a). Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $175-$250.

1250. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1742MF,

narrow date. KM-94; CT-1059. 11.30 grams. Moderately to heavily cor-

roded and with dark patches as not thoroughly cleaned, important details still clear. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1251. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. KM-94; CT-1049. 18.46 grams total. Both moderately to heav-

1258. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1743M.

KM-85; CT-1294. 6.50 grams. AU- details despite light surface corrosion all over, uneven toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1259. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1743M.

KM-85; CT-1294. 5.86 grams. Light to moderate surface corrosion, bold XF+ details, rainbow toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1260. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1743M.

KM-85; CT-1294. 4.80 grams. Bold details but thin from moderate to heavy

corrosion, the pillars particularly nice, mostly toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $80-$120.

Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay 1261. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1750E. S-P51; KM-40; CT-

ily corroded but with clear details, good toning, the 1735 with large gouge on shield side. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

Good full pillars and cross, 2 dates and assayers, 3 mintmarks, minimal surface corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200.

1252. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip

25.54 grams. Choice full cross, full but pitted pillars, toned. With original photo-certificate from Uruguay. Estimate: $125-$200.

V, 1738MF. KM-94; CT-1054. 24.37 grams total. One is a bold XF with

minimal corrosion and nice details, the other is corroded but still fairly clear and with recut M in assayer, both toned. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

1253. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1740MF, narrow date. KM-94; CT-1057. 25.07 grams total. Solid coins with minimal corrosion, XF+ details, good toning. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

1254. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V,

361. 23.81 grams.

1262. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1751q. S-P52; KM-40; CT-363.

Unidentified ca.-1755 wreck off Spain 1263. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1741V. S-L22; KM-34a; CT-665.

26.16 grams. Good full cross, full pillars with bold date, peripheral flatness, solid coin but typically dark as not thoroughly cleaned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1738/7MF, rare. KM-84; CT-1285. 6.28 grams. Bold date with clear overdate (Gilboy M-2-10a), nice XF details, the shield side pristine but most of the pillars side corroded, toned all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

1255. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1739MF,

1264. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1751MF. KM-104.1; CT-327. 25.82 grams. Choice VF details set off by

large date. KM-84; CT-1287. 6.54 grams. Choice XF+ details, minimal surface corrosion, toned all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

1256. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1739MF, small date. KM-84; CT-1287. 5.15 grams. Thin from corrosion but with bold XF details, nicely toned, tiny piece of edge missing. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

1257. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1742M.

Choice XF+ details, minimal surface corrosion, toned all over. Pedigreed to the Reijgersdaal Research Collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-85; CT-1292. 6.29 grams.

deep, contrasting toning on fields, slightly off-center strike, minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

1265. France (Paris mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1726-A. KM-486.1.

27.89 grams. Broad and solid flan with very light surface corrosion but minimal contrast, some luster. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

1266. France (Rouen mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1726-B. KM-486.3.

27.85 grams. Choice specimen with nice toning and good contrast, bold VF details, minor marks but minimal surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

299


1267. France (La Rochelle mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1726-H.

KM-486.9. 28.26 grams. Solid and nicely toned, Fine details but minimal

corrosion (just on parts of rims). Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

1268. France (Bordeaux mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1726-K. KM-

486.11. 27.66 grams. Solid and mostly nicely toned, minimal surface corrosion at rims only, Fine details. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125$200.

1272. Lot of 5 French ecus of Louis XV, various dates and

mints (where visible). 128.13 grams total. Moderate to heavy corrosion, mostly clear details but some dates and/or mintmarks unreadable, mostly darkly toned. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

La Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

1269. France (Bordeaux mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1726-K. KM- 1273. France (Bordeaux mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1731-K. KM-

Bold AVF details with nice toning and minimal surface corrosion (just near rims). Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 486.11. 28.16 grams.

1270. Lot of 3 French ecus of Louis XV, various dates and mints (1727-B, 1727-T and 1728-C). 80.81 grams total. Above-

average specimens, solid and generally only lightly corroded, mostly toned but poor contrast overall, some scratches. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

1271. Lot of 5 French ecus of Louis XV, various dates and mints (where visible). 128.76 grams total. Moderately corroded on average but with clear details and generally good toning, some dates and/or mintmarks unreadable. Pedigreed to the Auguste Research Collection, with original certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

486.11. 27.36 grams. Bold details despite some light to moderate surface

corrosion, mostly silvery with a few dark spots. With small, generic, promotional certificate, and pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #571. Estimate: $150-$225.

1274. France (Rennes mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1733, mint-

mark 9. KM-486.26. 28.68 grams. Bold details, light surface corrosion

only, lightly toned, minor damage on small part of reverse rim. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans 1275. Clump of 2 bust 8 reales (probably Mexico, Charles

III), encrusted as found. 43.50 grams total. Worn coins (both reverse-side out) but with nice encrustation, green and white in color, the coins somewhat brown. Estimate: $100-$150.

1276. Large lot of 200 Spanish colonial milled 8 reales (probably all Mexico, Charles III, 1783FF), uncleaned as found.

Over 4.5 kg total. Perfect lot for a promoter or

retailer, or for anyone who just wants to have fun cleaning coins! Most are corroded and lightly encrusted but many appear to be solid and well detailed. Who knows? Maybe there is a rarity here‌. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

1277. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1783FF, mounted in 14K gold pendant-bezel. KM-88.2; CT-1350. 9.61

grams total. Choice specimen with VF details and only light surface corrosion (also nicely toned), simple mounting. With (generic) certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

300


Unidentified ca.-1795 wreck off the northern coast of South America 1278. Lot of 22 Potosí, Bolivia, small silver cobs (4R, 2R and

1R) of Charles II through Charles III, various dates and assayers (where visible). 49.69 grams total. Mostly clear details (crosses,

dates, etc.) despite some heavy corrosion and fragmentation (although some coins are intact), mostly toned, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $600-$900.

1279. Lot of 4 cob 1R of Lima, Peru (1724 and 1749) and

Potosí, Bolivia (1735 and 1749). 9.76 grams total. Generally clear

dates and pillars and/or crosses, mostly toned, not much corrosion, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $200-$300.

1285. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798CN. CT-774; KM-432.2. 27.08 grams. Bold

and high-grade details (near AU), with lustrous reverse fields, no corrosion but a few small nicks, nicely toned. With original certificate from the salvager (Sténuit). Estimate: $150-$225.

Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 1286. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1802CN. CT-

777; KM-432.2. 25.33 grams. Choice specimen, AU- details with slightly weak centers, light brown toning, minimal surface corrosion. With Sedwick certificate from 2009. Estimate: $150-$225.

1287. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1802CN. CT-

777; KM-432.2. 26.59 grams. Well detailed (XF, bold legends) and mostly

1280. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R of Philip V, various uncorroded but with large pit on head and minor rim damage, light

dates and assayers. 17.11 grams total. Generally clear dates and pillars

toning overall but some dark spots. With promotional certificate from Germany, and pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #297. Estimate: $125-$200.

1281. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R of Ferdinand VI and Charles III, various dates and assayers. 17.43 grams total. Gen-

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 southeast of England

and/or crosses, mostly toned, not much corrosion, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $250-$375.

erally clear dates and pillars and/or crosses, mostly toned, not much corrosion, limited provenance (one-time find, not an ongoing salvage). Estimate: $250-$375.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador 1282. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800(IJ), par-

tially uncleaned. KM-97; CT-655. 25.19 grams. Most of bust cleaned and showing XF details and good toning, the rest encrusted with lots of green and brown color, solid coin. Estimate: $100-$150.

1288. Clump of 17 encrusted British East India Co. copper 1283. Lot of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8R (probably Lima, X cash, 1808. 85 grams total, about 2” long. Very attractive tight (leanPeru, 1800IJ), uncleaned as found. 82.26 grams total. Heavily encrusted with lots of green and white, solid coins but no details visible through the crust. Estimate: $200-$300.

ing) stack of choice (uncorroded) coins, thick white encrustation on part of edge, nice copper color on the coins. Estimate: $150-$225.

HMS Athenienne, sunk in 1806 on “Coconut wreck,” sunk ca. 1810 in the Esquerques reef in the Mediter- deep water off Bermuda 1289. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1776FM, ranean desirable date. KM-78.2; CT-1558. 2.47 grams. VG details set off by 1284. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1803FT. contrasting toning, uncorroded obverse but about a third of the reverse AU details, virtually no corrosion (just a couple pits), darkly toned all over. With original certificate from the salvager. With photo-certificate from the salvager (Sténuit), and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #673. Estimate: $150-$225.

CT-699; KM-109. 26.81 grams.

heavily corroded, scarce provenance. With photo-certificate #639 (Grade Three). Estimate: $80-$120.

301


Sabina, sunk in 1842 off South Africa S.S. John Barry, sunk in 1944 off 1290. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ. Oman

CT-611; KM-84. 23.87 grams. Decent detail and contrasting toning, moderate corrosion, scarce provenance. With original certificate from the salvager, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #683. Estimate: $125-$200.

Santo Andre, sunk in 1856 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 1291. Madrid, Spain, 20 reales, Joseph Napoleon, 1810AI,

large eagle in shield. CT-25; KM-unlisted (cf. 551.2). 23.51 grams. Bold

bust, some clear details despite moderate corrosion, the date and variety at least discernible (scarce). With original certificate from the salvager, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #686. Estimate: $100-$150.

1296. Saudi Arabia, riyal, AH 1354 (1935/6), struck in 1944

at Philadelphia. KM-18. 11.59 grams. Corrosion-free and fully UNC,

with nice light toning, from a special, secret wartime cargo of 1.4 million coins on board an American Liberty ship torpedoed during WWII and salvaged using modern technology from the staggering depth of 8500 feet. With promotional certificate and catalog of the scarce Sotheby’s (Geneva) auction of November 16, 1995, in which 1.3 million of these coins were offered as a single lot! Estimate: $80-$120.

Miscellaneous wrecks 1297. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R (7) and 4R (3), Philip IV, assayers not visible, from various wrecks, including “Lucayan Beach” (1628), Concepción (1641) and Maravillas (1656). 166 grams total. Mostly solid coins but all with at least

1292. Philippines (under Spain), 8 reales, Ferdinand moderate corrosion, some silvery and some toned. Three Maravillas VII, crowned F.7.o countermark on Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1833MM. KM-83, CT-536. 24.93 grams. Rare type as from a shipwreck

coins with original tags. Estimate: $500-$750.

SMS Cormoran, sunk in 1917 off Guam

details due to very heavy corrosion and weight loss, but all certified and popular for their provenance. With Fisher certificates (all generic except the Margarita photo-certificate #9388, which was also pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1994, with original-lot tag #1433). Estimate: $200-$300.

1293. Prussia, German States, 2 mark, 1876-A, rare provenance. KM-506. 10.68 grams. AXF details, virtually no corrosion, con-

1299. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, shield-type cob 8R, Philip

(first we have seen), with bold full details, only lightly corroded, nicely toned. With original certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #670. Estimate: $100-$150.

trasting toning, unusual type of coin for shipwreck salvage. Pedigreed to our Auction #11, with original lot-tag #627. Estimate: $125-$200.

1298. Lot of 5 silver-cob fragments from Fisher wrecks: Two from the Atocha (1622), one from the Santa Margarita (1622) and two from the 1715 Fleet. 19.17 grams total. Limited

III, assayers not visible, from various wrecks, including Santa Margarita (1622). 56.38 grams total. The Santa Margarita

coin is choice, probably Grade 1, with full shield and cross and mini-

1294. Prussia, German States, 2 mark, 1899-A, rare prov- mal corrosion, but the other two are heavily corroded and dark with

enance.

KM-522. 10.89 grams. AXF details, virtually no corrosion, spots of black, unusual type of coin for shipwreck salvage. With letter of history and authenticity. Estimate: $125-$200.

Crescent City, sunk in 1871 off Ireland 1295. San Luis Potosí, Mexico, cap-and-rays 8 reales,

1833JS. KM-377.12. 26.67 grams. Choice, lustrous XF, very bold, with

completely uncorroded surfaces (just a few minor nicks), lovely toning, rare provenance, a British merchant steamship returning from New Orleans that sank in thick fog off Ireland with hundreds of thousands of Mexican silver coins, only some of which have been recovered in modern times. With photo-certificate and pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #675. Estimate: $100-$150.

indeterminate provenance. The Santa Margarita coin accompanied by original Fisher tag #82-387. Estimate: $200-$300.

1300. Lot of 2 cob 8R from well-known 1620s wrecks: “Dry Tortugas wreck” (ca. 1622) and “Lucayan Beach wreck” (ca. 1628). 32.84 grams total. Corroded coins (lightly toned) but fully certi-

fied and popular. First coin with Seahawk certificate #91-1A-00435.0044 and second coin with 2001 certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1301. Lot of 3 cob 8 reales from different wrecks: Mexico

City, Mexico, Philip IV, Concepción (1641); Lima, Peru, 1700H, Association (1707); and Lima, Peru, 1748(?)V, wreck unknown, clipped and holed. 68.20 grams total. Bold details, not

much corrosion but some wear, each coin with value on its own. Estimate: $200-$300.

302


1302. Lot of 3 crown-size coins from Dutch shipwrecks: 1305. Lot of 3 silver coins from 1900s wrecks/salvages:

1656 portrait ducatoon from the Merestein (1702); Mexican cob 8R Philip V from the Akerendam (1725); and 1663 portrait ducatoon from the Hollandia (1743). 82.35 grams total. All corroded but with clear details and light toning, well-known wrecks. With certificates, the Hollandia coin pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #636. Estimate: $200-$300.

1303. Lot of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8R of Charles III from

well-known wrecks: Cazador (1784), Hartwell (1787) and Cabalva (1818). 71.74 grams total. Solid coins with clear details,

surface corrosion only, some toning. The Cazador coin with original certificate #8514 from the salvagers and the Hartwell coin with generic certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1304. Lot of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8R from Spanish shipwrecks: 1783 Mexico from the Cazador (1784); 1797 Mexico from the “1810 wreck” (east coast of Florida); and 1807 Lima from an unidentified ca.-1811 wreck off Cádiz, Spain

70.86 grams total. Solid coins with clear details, surface corrosion only,

no toning. With certificates, the 1797 coin pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #383, and the 1807 pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #997. Estimate: $250-$275.

Elingamite (1902), “Manila Bay” (1942) and SS John Barry (1944). 44.64 grams total. All solid coins, the Elingamite piece cor-

roded but the other two pristine. The two shipwreck coins with generic certificates from the salvagers, and the Manila Bay coin pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #1008. Estimate: $125-$200.

1306. Lot of 6 (three pairs) of Dutch East India Co. cop-

per duits from three different wrecks, one common but two very rare: Bredenhof (1753), Vlissingen (1747) and Zeeland (1793). 15.29 grams total. A very interesting set of what would ap-

pear to be cheap, common coins, but the ones from a common wreck (Bredenhof) rather choice and the other 4 (corroded and/or encrusted) from wrecks that are practically unobtainable as never officially salvaged. The two Bredenhof coins with certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-up.

1307. Lot of 5 coins (4 copper and 1 silver) from various

1800s-1900s wrecks, some rare, as follows: Admiral Gardner (1809); Folcon (1851); and Florizel (1918). 32.08 grams total.

Uncorroded coins (the Florizel pieces worn), most from seldom-seen wrecks (the 1/2R from the Folcon particularly interesting) supported by original certificates. All with hand-signed certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1308. Lot of 9 miscellaneous silver coins (mostly small cobs, including one contemporary counterfeit) from various (unspecified) wrecks. 50.29 grams total. A catch-all lot for unattributed

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

pieces, but almost all of them are fairly nice, with clear details despite corrosion, a few good for jewelry, mostly silvery but the 8R deeply toned (uncleaned). Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico Silver Cobs Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

1311. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-86; S-M9.

1309. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer G to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-49e; S-M5.

6.61 grams. Bold XF details with mostly dark toning, light surface wear

from corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $125-$200.

6.57 grams. Lightly toned VF with bold legends and inner details, old gouge on shield. Estimate: $150-$225.

1312. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-85; S-M9.

6.27 grams. VF details with mostly dark toning, light surface corrosion

(unspecified salvage). Estimate: $100-$150.

1313. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-109 or

110; S-M10. 6.57 grams. Fine details (some flatness), mostly darkly toned,

light surface corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $100-$150.

1310. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-85b; S-M9. 6.74 grams. Nicely toned XF, parts of edge crude. Estimate: $175-$250.

1314. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, minors of Charles-

Joanna, “Late Series”: 2R assayer O, 1R assayer L, and 1R assayer O. Nesmith-80, 105, 108; S-M9 and M10. 13.18 grams total. F to

VF with toning in spots, minor doubling and/or flat spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

303


1315. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right.

Nesmith-80;

S-M9. 3.15 grams. Choice full XF inner details but two large edge-splits,

mostly dark toning and light surface corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $80-$120.

1316. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-80; S-M9.

3.29 grams. Nice VF with full legends and inner details, lightly toned.

Estimate: $125-$200.

1317. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM to left.

Nesmith-88;

S-M9. 3.36 grams. Small-flan VF with attractive light toning. Estimate:

$100-$150.

1318. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-108;

Attractively toned AXF with sharp but doubled interiors, flat peripheries with edge-split. Estimate: $80-$120.

S-M10. 3.23 grams.

1319. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, 1R of Charles-Joanna,

“Late Series,” assayers L (2) and O (1). Nesmith-80, 84, 96; S-M9

and M10. 9.00 grams total. Fine

on average with decent toning but all 3 holed (one also plugged). Estimate: $175-$250.

1324. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, various

periods (Philip IV through Philip V) and assayers (where visible), one dated 1731. 179.24 grams total. Solid specimens, Fine on average, mostly lightly toned. Estimate: $500-$750.

1325. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer F below oM mintmark to left. S-M12; KM-36; CT-328. 13.45 grams. Technically AVF but with extensive flat area in centers, full oMF and king’s ordinal II, old scratch on reverse. Estimate: $75-$110.

1326. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II:

assayer O to left, backwards S in legend; assayer F to left. KM36. 26.00 grams total. Nice crosses, AVF on average, the assayer-O piece

with nice old toning, interesting in that the denominations are different (IIII on the O coin and 4 on the F coin). Estimate: $175-$250.

1327. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2R, one Philip III and one Philip V, assayers not visible. 12.88 grams total. Fine+ with flat areas, decent crosses. Estimate: $75-$110.

1328. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer

O below mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-31; CT-501. 6.49 grams. Broad flan Fine with rich toning, king’s ordinal II in legend. Estimate: $100-$150.

1329. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-31; CT-501. 6.66 grams.

Shield-type 1320. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (ca. 1650). S-M19; KM-45. 25.88 grams. Crude barrel shape with full shield and cross, brown-toned AVF. Estimate: $125-$200.

1321. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P

(1650s-1660s). S-M19; KM-45. 27.15 grams. Big flan, good cross and shield, Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

VF+ details, dark toning and surface corrosion on reverse, good full shield and cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

1330. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to right. S-M11; KM-31; CT-503. 6.35 grams. XF details but light surface corrosion all over, patchy toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1331. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1730F. S-M26; KM-unl;

CT-1266. 5.75 grams. Full date and oMF (both very clear, confirming this scarce combination), good and well-centered cross, Fine with sharply cut sides. Estimate: $100-$150.

1332. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1732/1F, rare. S-M26;

Bold date and oMF, nice VF, very lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-unl; CT-unl. 6.63 grams.

1333. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-26; CT-643. 3.20 grams.

Choice cross, XF details with light surface corrosion and staining, bold king’s ordinal II, doubled shield. Estimate: $80-$120.

1322. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer

P (1650s-1660s). S-M19; KM-45. 26.73 grams. Nice barrel shape, bold

oMP, full shield and cross, richly toned Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

1323. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P

(1650s-1660s). S-M19; KM-45. 26.77 grams. Large flan with choice full

cross, bold full oMP, AVF with much flatness. Estimate: $100-$150.

1334. Mexico City, Mexico,

cob 1 real, (16)09, assayer not visible, rare. KM-27.2. 3.19 grams.

Full oM and 9 of date, sharply struck centers, flat peripheries (VF overall), deeply toned. Pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag 744. Estimate: $150-$225.

304


1335. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-20; CT-717. 1.53 grams.

Polished Fine+ with full inner details, minor marks, incipient toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

Lima Silver Cobs Early pillars type 1336. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, R to left,

motto PL-VS-VL above •, legends HISPANIA / PANIARVM.

S-L1; KM-6; CT-630. 3.17 grams. Sharp VF details, bold full legends, spots of brown toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

1342. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.88 grams.

Lustrous XF, nice details, wisps of toning at edge only. Estimate: $150-$225.

1343. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.62 grams. AVF

with flat areas, spots of encrustation, broad flan. Estimate: $100-$150.

1344. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de 1337. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, R to left, legends HISPAN / IARVM. S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.56 grams. Nicely toned VF, full legends. Estimate: $100-$150.

la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.78 grams.

Sharp XF details (choice full shield and cross and crown) but with light surface corrosion and flat peripheries, purplish toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1338. Lima, Peru, 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, R to 1345. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de

left, legends HISP / IARVM…INDIARV. S-L1; KM-3; CT-702. 1.55

la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.75 grams.

grams. Broad flan with full legends, decent VF details, toned fields, holed at edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

Nice VF with choice full shield, full but partially dark cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

Shield-type

1346. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-I to left, P•D to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.26 grams. AXF with sharp details (weak centers), traces of porosity, toned in crevices. Estimate: $100-$150.

1347. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, (*)-I to left, P•D to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 2.46 grams. Thin from corrosion but with sharp VF details, nice toning, bold legends. Estimate: $90-$135.

1348. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-I to left, P-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.33 grams.

AXF, small flan, choice full cross. Estimate: $80-$120.

1339. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 (round top) to left, *-oD to right.

CT-146. 22.18 grams. Lightly

S-L4; KM-14;

toned AVF, slightly doubled, edge shaved long ago. Estimate: $350-$375.

1349. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-I to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-unl. 3.36 grams. Sharp XF with toned fields, round and well struck. Estimate: $80-$120.

1340. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de 1350. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-4 to left, (*)-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-11; CT-318. 13.05

grams. Broad flan, VF+ details but light surface corrosion, nicely toned, double-struck. Estimate: $125-$200.

la Torre, oD to left, * to right. S-L4; KM-5; CT-705. 1.63 grams. Broad flan with nearly full legends and crown, bold full monogram and cross, nicely toned XF. Estimate: $100-$150.

1341. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de 1351. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.92 grams.

Sharp VF with full legends and inner details, nice contrast (darkly toned fields). Estimate: $150-$225.

la Torre, oD to left, * to right. S-L4; KM-5; CT-705. 1.63 grams. VF with good inner details, full king’s name in legend, toned fields, slightly porous. Estimate: $80-$120.

305


1352. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD to left, P to right, * above and below monogram.

S-L4; KM-5; CT-706. 1.68 grams. Nice

XF details but with very light surface corrosion, full king’s name, spotty toning, slightly doubled cross, interesting variety. Estimate: $80-$120.

1353. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, all different varieties. S-L4; KM-5. 6.30 grams total. AVF

on average, 3 salvaged and 1 holed, nice details as usual, good toning, varieties as follows: •D to left, P to right, * at top; oD to left, * to right; P to left, •D to right, A/V (contrived *) at bottom; P to left, •D to right, * (proper) at bottom. Estimate: $250-$375.

1359. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1692(V). S-L10; KM-21; CT-565.

6.87 grams. Fine+ with good centers but flat peripheries, 2 dates, sediment on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

1360. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1715M. S-L20; KM-31; CT-1493. 3.12 grams. Richly old-toned VF with good cross and pillars, peripheral flatness. Pedigreed to the Jess Peters auction of April 1970, lot #484. Estimate: $75-$110.

1361. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1720(M), ex-Sellschopp. S-L20;

Darkly toned Fine with clear date and mintmark, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-31; CT-1498. 3.61 grams.

1354. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, * to left of castle and * to right of lion. S-L4; KM-unl;

CT-unl. 0.76 gram. Broad-flan

Fine with flat and crude peripheries but nice centers (castle and lion), spots of toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

Pillars-and-waves

1362. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, cob 1R, various dates: 1685R,

1687R and 1693V. KM-21. 7.82 grams total. Fine with nice details,

multiple dates on each, good toning, rather nice coins overall. Estimate: $125-$200.

1363. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1719.

S-L20; KM-30; CT-1768.

1.17 grams. Choice wide flan, 2 dates, full cross and monogram, deeply

toned VF. Estimate: $75-$110.

1364. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1725, Louis I (rare). S-L20a;

KM-A39; CT-52. 0.74 gram. Small and corroded from unspecified salvage

but with full date and most of monogram, VG details. Estimate: $75-$110.

1365. Lot of 5 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 reales of Charles II and

Philip V, various dates. 7.06 grams total. Clear dates and VF details overall but all with light surface corrosion, lightly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1355. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-229. 27.32 grams. Choice full pillars and cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

1356. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1692V.

S-L10; KM-24; CT-235.

27.34 grams. AVF with flat areas, the non-flat areas nice (lions, castle,

pillar, waves), with 2 dates and good toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1357. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1698H. S-L13; KM-24; CT-243.

25.71 grams. Good full pillars and cross, well centered, toned Fine with

hole near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

1358. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1689V. S-L8; KM-21; CT-562. 5.26

grams. VF with choice full pillars and cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, toned, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $125-$200.

306

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325


Potosí Silver Cobs Shield-type 1366. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th

period). S-P12; KM-5.1. 25.00 grams. VF details, full shield and cross, bold assayer, light surface corrosion as from unidentified salvage. Estimate: $175-$250.

1377. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T

(1630s). S-P26; KM-19a. 27.14 grams. Bold assayer and parts of legend, flat interiors, Fine with good toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1367. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 27.08 grams. Broad flan with full king’s ordinal III in legend, full P-R and shield, full cross but with natural lacuna, toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

1368. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.95 grams. Good full cross and shield, toned Fine+, slightly crude strike. Estimate: $125-$200.

1369. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. KM-10. 25.97 grams. Well-detailed full shield and cross, AXF with flat peripheries, nice toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1370. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P

(1622-1623). S-P22; KM-19. 25.68 grams. Good full shield and cross but somewhat low grade (VG) and with lightly trimmed edge, contrastingly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1371. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P

1378. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR.

S-P27; KM-19a. 27.06 grams. Bold full P-TR, good full shield and cross, AVF with deeply toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

1379. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR

(1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 27.46 grams. Small, thick flan with full shield, clear P-TR, Fine with flatness and tiny green spots. Estimate: $100$150.

(1624-1626). S-P23; KM-19. 26.91 grams. Choice specimen with nice full shield, full but off-center cross, clear P•P, toned VF+ with green spot at edge. Estimate: $150-$225.

1380. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III and IV, assayers T and P (where visible). 105.17 grams total. Fine to VF+, 2

1372. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P

1381. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

(mid-1620s). S-P23; KM-19. 26.77 grams. Attractively toned AXF with

choice full shield and cross (both slightly doubled on the periphery), exceptional quality for the period. Estimate: $125-$200.

1373. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (162)7, assayer not vis-

ible, quadrants of cross transposed, rare. KM-19a. 22.64 grams.

Tail of 7 of date visible outside full but doubled cross, good full shield with clear denomination, lightly toned VF with part of edge clipped long ago. Estimate: $175-$250.

1374. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 162(8-9)T. S-P24; KM-19a.

27.18 grams. Broad flan, good full shield and cross, AXF with flat spots, some red toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1375. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)29T, denomination

o-VIII, heavy-dot borders. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 26.84 grams. Tail

of 9 of date visible outside of full cross, good full shield, lightly toned XF with spots of green. From an early-1630s hoard in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

polished, 1 salvaged and 1 with light scratches. Estimate: $300-$450.

period). S-P10; KM-4.2. 12.78 grams. AVF details but with light surface corrosion and flat spots, uneven toning. Estimate: $90-$135.

1382. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd period). S-P10; KM-3.2. 6.04 grams. Broad-flan Fine with brownish toning, good full cross, full but weaker shield, slightly doubled. Estimate: $80-$120.

1383. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-3.4. 6.80 grams. Richly toned Fine+, nice full shield and cross, bold P-B, much legend. Estimate: $125-$200.

1384. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-3.4. 6.74 grams. Lightly toned VF with some weak spots, bold P-B, full cross and shield and crown, hint of luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

1385. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

1376. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1630T. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-472. period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-3.4. 6.95 grams. Richly toned VF, 27.34 grams. Full (RE)XANO163(0) due to doubling (both sides), full

shield, VF+ with uneven toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

good full cross and shield, bold P-B, part of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

307


1386. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period). S-P14; KM-3.4. 6.68 grams. Well-toned VF with bold P-B, good

full shield and cross, backwards S in legend. Estimate: $100-$150.

1397. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Philip IV, assayers T and P where visible. 20.08 grams total. F-VF with partial dates,

1387. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Philip II and III, assayers B and RL (curved leg). 20.20 grams total. Toned F-VF,

quadrants transposed, error DINDIA(RVM) and other interesting features, no problems, wide range of toning. The P•P specimen is pedigreed to the Karon collection (Ponterio, March 1990), lot #506. Estimate: $250-$375.

1388. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer R

1398. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Philip IV, both with over-assayer T/P. KM-14a. 13.12 grams total. F-VF with old scratched,

generally good full shields and crosses. Estimate: $200-$300.

(straight leg), ex-Herz (“Americas”).

S-P15; KM-8. 6.60 grams.

Richly toned AVF with full P-R, full but slightly doubled shield and cross, tiny spots of solder on shield, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the “Americas” collection (Kagin’s, August 1983), lot #1108. Estimate: $100-$150.

1389. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer Q.

S-P17; KM-8; CT-353. 6.47 grams. Broad flan Fine with good full shield and crown and cross, much legend, including erroneous IMDIARVM. Estimate: $100-$150.

one with quadrants of cross transposed, the other holed and somewhat darkly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

1399. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R, Philip II through

Philip IV, various assayers (where visible). 36.53 grams total. Two holed, one clipped and most salvaged but all with at least something worthwhile (broad flan, good cross, bold assayer, etc.), VG-AVF, some toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

1400. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to left. S-P1; KM-2.2; CT-637. 3.35 grams. Crisply detailed full

1390. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer C/Q, shield and cross, lightly toned VF+. Estimate: $100-$150.

rare. S-P16; KM-8. 6.79 grams. Fine with good full shield and cross, bold full P-C/Q, nice toning, part of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

1401. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer B (1st

period, “Lima style”). S-P4; KM-2.2; CT-649. 3.39 grams. Broad, round

flan with much legend, full but crude shield and cross, toned Fine+

1391. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer C/Q, with light surface corrosion. Estimate: $80-$120.

rare. S-P16; KM-8. 6.27 grams. Richly old-toned Fine with good full shield and cross, bold P-C/Q. Estimate: $100-$150.

1392. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer M/Q, rare, ex-Karon. S-P18; KM-8. 6.60 grams. Bold VF+ with light toning, good full shield and cross, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Karon collection (Ponterio, March 1990), lot #499. Estimate: $150-$225.

1402. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R of Philip II, assayer B (5th period), one with borders of x’s. S-P14. 6.58 grams total. Nicely matched pair with good toning, full crosses and shields and P-B, F-VF, the x’s specimen holed near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

1403. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11; KM-2.2; CT-648. 2.93 grams.

Sharp AXF details but with flat spots and

1393. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (mid- very light surface corrosion, bold P-A and full shield, full but doubled 1620s), quadrants of cross transposed. S-P23; KM-14a. 6.67 grams.

Bold P-P, good full shield (off-center) and cross, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

1394. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (1620s), very overweight. KM-14a. 10.57 grams. Denomination

z to left of shield due to 180-degree double-strike, very thick flan with crude edge (as made), orange clay on fields, VF+, fascinating coin all around. From the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” Estimate: $100-$150.

1395. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer V (1646), rare. S-P32; KM-14a. 6.77 grams. Full P-V (possibly V/TR), good full shield and cross, Fine+ with light toning, small old hole near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

1396. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer O

(1649). S-P35; KM-14b; CT-888. 6.61 grams. Broad flan with good full

cross and shield, crude peripheries, AVF with nice contrast from toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

cross, steel-gray toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

1404. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer M. KM-7.

3.31 grams. Choice AVF specimen with rich old toning, bold full P-M and shield and crown and cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

1405. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (161)7M, date at 1-2

o’clock, rare. S-P19; KM-7; CT-465. 3.12 grams. Good full shield with clear P-M, full but slightly crude cross with bold 7 of date in rotated legend, toned Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

1406. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)44TR, very rare. S-P29a;

KM-12a. 4.09 grams. Bold 44 of date and full P-TR, full shield, full but flat cross, Fine with toned fields, crude old hole near edge, strangely overweight. Estimate: $125-$200.

1407. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer Z, rare. S-P34; KM-12a. 3.15 grams. Full assayer Z, full but off-center cross, silvery

Fine with toning in crevices. Estimate: $80-$120.

1408. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R of Philip IV, assayers T (ca. 1620) and E (1651-2). KM-12a. 6.89 grams total. Nicely

toned and well-detailed AVF (both), good full shields and crosses. Estimate: $150-$225.

308


1409. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer R

(Rincón) to left, mintmark P to right. S-P1; KM-1.1; CT-727. 1.67 grams. AVF with weak centers, bold R-P and much legend, very lightly toned. Estimate: $80-$120.

1410. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip II, assayer

R (Rincón), one with R to left and one with R to right. S-P1;

KM-1.1. 2.86 grams total. About

Fine to Fine, the better one with bold legends but tiny hole, toned around details. Estimate: $125-$200.

1416. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional, McLean

Type V. S-P37; KM-unl; CT-1050. 3.70 grams. Choice full crown above good pillars with P-I-IIII / E•E, good full cross, toned Fine+ with hole in point near edge. Estimate: $90-$135.

1417. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652E) transitional,

McLean Type IIb. S-P37; KM-A12.5; CT-unl. 0.90 gram. Bold (P)-LVSV / (L)-TR-A in off-center pillars, nearly full cross, toned VF details but lightly corroded. Pedigreed to our Auction #2, with original lot-tag #356. Estimate: $100-$150.

1411. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B (2nd 1418. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652)E transitional, period) below, mintmark P to left of monogram. S-P6; KM-unl;

full monogram and cross, XF+ with original luster, some toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

McLean Type IId. S-P37; KM-A12.3; CT-1177. 2.32 grams. Broad, overweight flan with full pillars and cross, clear (P)-LV-SV / LT-R-A, richly toned Fine+ with large old hole at edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

1412. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B (5th period) to left, mintmark P to right, borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-

Pillars-and-waves

CT-724. 1.76 grams. Bold

Bold VF details with contrasting toning but surface roughness. Estimate: $80-$120.

unl; CT-726. 1.69 grams.

1413. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Philip II through Philip V (some pillars-and-waves type), various assayers (where visible). 8.82 grams total. F-VF on average, some salvaged, some toned, most with decent details. Estimate: $150-$225.

1419. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E, PH at top. SP37a; KM-21; CT-439. 27.17 grams. Full but doubled pillars with 2 dates,

full but off-center cross, About Fine with toned fields, old scratches. Estimate: $250-$375.

1420. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, pomegranate

at top on both sides. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-445. 26.94 grams. Good full pillars and (doubled) cross, 2 dates, 3 assayers and mintmarks, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

1652 Transitionals 1414. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, 1652 transitional cob minors (two 2R and one 1R). 14.60 grams total. All decent but holed (the 1R twice), the 2R scarce, one of them actually technically post-transitional but with motto as (PLV-SV)-LTR and with 2 (not 52) in bottom-center, some good toning, F-VF overall. Estimate: $350-$500.

1421. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1661E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-450.

25.89 grams. Richly old-toned VF with full pillars-and-waves, bold date in legend, choice full cross too. Estimate: $250-$375.

1422. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1663E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-

Silvery Fine with flat spots, much legend including full EL PERV and king’s ordinal IIII, lightly toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375. 452. 26.96 grams.

1423. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1664E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-453. 26.01 grams. Choice full cross, full pillars but flat peripheries, 2 dates,

3 assayers, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1424. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales of assayer E:

1659 and 1678. S-P37a; KM-21. 53.26 grams total. The 1659 has full pillars and POTOSÍ in legend but rough cross and tiny hole at edge; the 1678 has much crudeness and weak strike but solid, uncorroded surfaces; Fine on average. Estimate: $350-$500.

1425. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-365. 1415. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (165)2E transitional,

McLean Type IV. S-P37; KM-B13.1; CT-unl. 3.10 grams. Nice full pillars

with clear (P)-I-IIII / E•E and full crown, also full shield with full crown above that, AVF with toned fields. Pedigreed to the Jess Peters auction of March 1977, with original lot-tag #641. Estimate: $125-$200.

27.44 grams. Full but partially flat pillars and cross (uneven flan), full

POTOSÍ, 3 assayers, Fine+ with partial toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

1426. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1686(VR), with tiny

chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. S-P40; KM-26; CT369. 26.55 grams. Broad-flan AVF with extensive peripheral flatness but good centers, 2 dates, lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

309


1427. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1688VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-373. 26.20 grams. Crude VG (weakly struck and with some corrosion), 2

pillars-side dates, edge-splits. Estimate: $200-$300.

1428. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-380. 27.40 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, weak peripheries, AVF with some dark spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

1429. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-383. 26.28 grams. Chunky flan but with full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2-1/2 dates, lightly toned About Fine with green spots, very scarce final year of assayer. Estimate: $300-$450.

1430. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1702Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-862. 25.95 grams. Unusually bold full pillars, full but doubled cross, 2 bold

dates, 3 assayers, AVF with toned fields, large edge-split. Estimate: $300-$450.

1431. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-864. 25.22 grams.

Bold date and 2 assayers in full pillars, full but doubled and off-center cross (full crown as a result), AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

1432. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-864. 27.33 grams. Full and well-centered pillars and cross, bold date, toned

Fine with some surfaces crude. Estimate: $200-$300.

1433. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-865. 27.28 grams. Full cross, nearly full pillars, F/VF with crude peripheries.

Estimate: $300-$450.

1434. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-865. 26.56 grams. Nearly full and well-detailed cross with bold date below, off-center pillars with second bold date and assayer Y, much flatness but otherwise Fine and toned. Estimate: $300-$450. 1435. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1707(Y). S-P43a; KM-31; CT-867. 26.58 grams. Crude, chunky, squarish flan with 4 points, flat peripheries but bold centers including date, doubled cross, AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450.

1436. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1709Y. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-810. 26.62 grams. Bold AVF with nice toning but slightly off-center and with doubled cross, still (as a Royal) far better than the regular issue, holed near edge at top of pillars / left side of cross, die-match with Lázaro #250 (rated at R3). Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

310


1437. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1717Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CTVery crude strike but with bold date and full cross, deeply toned VG with doubling and flatness. Estimate: $200-$300.

877. 27.47 grams.

1438. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-

879. 27.00 grams. Unusually broad flan with nice full cross, full pillars,

2 dates, but flat peripheries and edge-crack, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

1439. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1722Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-

882. 26.57 grams. Interestingly doubled pillars (very much offset) with 2 dates on that side, full crown above cross, Fine with flat spots, toned fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

1440. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1758q, clipped (possibly

to African standard). S-P54; KM-40; CT-375. 23.37 grams. Crude flan and strike but with bold cross and clear date, straight piece clipped off side with resultant weight in line with others we have seen from African hoards. Estimate: $100-$150.

1441. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1760V-Y.

S-P57; KM-45;

1449. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-

Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers, Fine with very light surface corrosion, inexplicably overweight. Estimate: $150-$225. 606. 8.25 grams.

1450. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-609.

6.74 grams. Very broad flan with full pillars-and-waves (2 dates on that side), good but off-center cross, AVF with some peripheral flatness and, toned fields. Estimate: $175-$250.

1451. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-609.

6.64 grams. Choice VF+ with good but off-center full cross, full but doubled pillars-and-waves (2 dates on that side), attractively toned. Pedigreed to the Jess Peters auction of March 1969, lot #919. Estimate: $150-$225.

1452. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-609. 5.52 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with 2 full dates on that side, good

full cross, Fine with edge-split, nicely toned fields, a little light but no evidence of clipping or shaving. Estimate: $150-$225.

Very crude surfaces with green spots, technically full pillars and cross and no worse than Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

1453. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-612.

1442. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1763V-(Y). S-P57; KM-45;

bold date and mintmark), full cross, richly old-toned AXF. Estimate: $175-$250.

nearly full cross, VF with lightly toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

1454. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-

CT-946. 26.96 grams.

CT-950. 27.09 grams. Nice for era, with 2 bold dates and bold assayer V,

1443. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales of the late chunky

style: 175(?)q and 1764V-(Y). 52.66 grams total. The 175(?) date is

unclear (in 2 places) and the 1764 is holed, but both have some bold details and are no worse than Fine for wear, good toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

1444. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1773V-(Y), rare final year of cobs. S-P59; KM-45; CT-964. 27.04 grams. Small, thick, chunky and crude flan but with very clear date and assayer, bold denomination and mintmark (little else), VF for actual wear, with lightly toned fields, edge-split. Estimate: $150-$225.

1445. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1731M. S-P44; KM-30a; CT-

6.89 grams. Very broad flan with choice full pillars-and-waves (very

617. 6.20 grams. Crude flan (uneven) with large edge-crack, bold date below cross, some toning and much flatness but AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $150-$225.

1455. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1693VR.

CT-624. 6.53 grams. Nice

S-P40; KM-24;

full cross, good full pillars-and-waves despite light surface corrosion, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

1456. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1713(Y).

S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1335. 7.18 grams. Bold but off-center pillars, bottom half of cross, 2

bold dates, Fine+ with some flatness. Estimate: $100-$150.

1457. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1345.

1111. 11.06 grams. Solid but crude from corrosion and strike, clear date

and assayer, toned Fine overall. Estimate: $150-$225.

5.92 grams. Two clear dates and assayers, full cross, just a bit worn (VG) but with good toning, scarce date. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 1994, with original lot-tag #859. Estimate: $80-$120.

1446. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1653E, PH at top, ex-Bir.

1458. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-29a; CT-

S-P37a; KM-16; CT-898. 7.10 grams. Bold

waves, good cross 3 dates, Fine with darkly toned fields but flat peripheries. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his original tag. Estimate: $150-$225.

1447. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1670E.

S-P37b; KM-24;

Broad flan with choice full cross-lions-castles, full but slightly doubled pillars-and-waves, 3 dates and mintmarks, VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

CT-597. 7.07 grams.

1448. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1671/0E.

S-P37b; KM-24.

6.28 grams. Full pillars with clear 71/0 date, only half of cross due to

extensive peripheral flatness, non-toned AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $100-$150.

1363. 6.39 grams. Very choice full cross, off-center pillars, 2 bold dates, AVF with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1459. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-29a; CT-

1363. 6.46 grams. Full and well-centered pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 bold dates, toned Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

1460. Lot of 8 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip V through

Charles III, various dates and assayers. 49.26 grams total. Fine on average, mostly toned (a couple salvaged), 1 with hole and 1 with lacuna, dates as follows: 1708Y, 1727Y, 1728M, 1758q (2), 1759q, 1761(V-Y) and 1763V-(Y). Estimate: $350-$500.

311


1461. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, various dates and assayers (mid-1700s). 24.76 grams total. Fine on average with generally good full crosses and nice toning, dates as follows: 1738M, 1741(P), 1750E and 1759q. Estimate: $150-$225.

1462. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, various dates and assayers (1700s). 18.59 grams total. F-VF, 2 with holes, good toning,

1 doubled, 1 flat and 1 crude, dates as follows: 1700F, 1704Y and 1760V- (Y) Estimate: $150-$225.

1463. Lot of 15 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R, various dates (where visible). 93.76 grams total. Visible dates include 1737, 1741, 1748,

1749, 1753, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764 and 1766, almost all with good crosses and/or pillars, Fine on average and decent toning, 2 holed (1 twice). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1464. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal, 1654E, •PH• at top.

S-P37a; KM-R13; CT-unl. 4.27 grams. Perfectly round (with no evidence of shaving around edge) and overweight, with 3 dates and full pillars and cross but otherwise a little sub-standard for a Royal (which tends to happen in this transitional period), AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $150-up.

1465. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, various dates: 1673E, 1683V, 1693VR and 1698(F). KM-23. 9.41 grams total. All Fine or

better, with good crosses and pillars, clear dates, mostly toned (some stained). Estimate: $150-$225.

1466. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1754C+q, rare. S-P53 and P54; KM-37; CT-unl. 3.31 grams. Small, thick flan with well-centered details, 2 dates, the assayers mostly off the flan but with clear curved left side of C and straight right side of q, VF+ for the period. Estimate: $100-$150.

1467. Lot of 11 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, various dates, Charles II through Charles III. 29.56 grams total. About Fine on average, some toned and some holed but all with clear dates, as follows: 1677E, 1686VR, 1728M, 1732M, 1736E, 1737M, 1750q, 1760V-(Y), 1764(V-Y), 1765V-Y and 1767V-(Y). Estimate: $200-$300.

Other Silver Cobs Dominican Republic 1468. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F, with 4-leaf flower countermark for Cuba(?), very rare. S-SD1. 3.22 grams. Broad-flan AVF with green crust, nearly full legends (all Gothic), S-P mintmark, F-oIIII on other side, the countermark in center unlike any we have seen before. Estimate: $100-up.

1469. Lot of 41 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F and oF, many with key (2 maravedís, 1577) and anchor (1/7 real, Jamaica, 1611-16) countermarks. S-SD1. 140 grams total. Very attractive lot with

frosty green patina on all that makes the details and some of the countermarks stand out, Fine on average for wear, a few with edge-splits, fun group for cleaning and study but also a nice display as is. Estimate: $500-$750.

Guatemala 1470. Guatemala, 2 reales, crown countermark (1663) on a Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Philip IV, assayer T. KM-B1.4. 6.24 grams. Nice host with good old toning and bold

details (cross side lightly tooled), the denomination Z especially bold, Fine with hole at edge, clear countermark on shield Estimate: $125-$200.

312


1471. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 173(?)(J).

S-G1; KM-6. 26.53 grams. Large rhomboid flan with the inevitable hole near one crude

point, no worse than Fine but with extensive peripheral flatness that affects the visibility of the date. Estimate: $125-$200.

1472. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1736(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1168.

6.32 grams. Neat long shape (somewhat triangular) with full crown and globes and bold date, nice full crown and shield on other side, About Fine with attractive old toning, no hole (scarce). Estimate: $125-$200.

1473. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, (1)747J. S-G1a; KM-10; CT-452. 6.55 grams. Roundish flan with bold date and mintmark (that side

slightly off-center), well-centered shield, lightly toned About Fine, no hole (scarce). Estimate: $100-$150.

1474. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1739J. S-G1; KM-3; CT-1461. 2.70

grams. Bold full date below well-centered pillars, full shield on other side with clear assayer, About Fine with toned fields, no hole (scarce). Estimate: $75-$110.

1475. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1739J. S-G1; KM-3; CT-1461. 2.58

1482. Segovia, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark aqueduct and circlets at bottom on reverse, assayer G and circlets to left of shield. CT-350. 3.00 grams. Full inner details and

nearly full legends (Latin) but with light surface corrosion all over, toned Fine overall. Estimate: $80-$120.

1483. Lot of 3 Seville, Spain, 1R, Ferdinand-Isabel.

9.90 grams total. Problem-free VF with good toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1484. Short “denomination” set of Spanish 8-4-2-1 reales (4

coins total), consisting of: ca.-1950s counterfeit Seville 8R; Seville 4R of assayer Gothic D; Granada 2R of assayer R; and Seville 1R no assayer mintmark on reverse. 49.88 grams total.

The 4R and 2R are nicely toned VF; the 1R is also VF but wrinkled and polished; the 8R is a controversial piece that is listed in CT as “native manufacture” and “from a shipwreck” (loosely translated) but is actually a fake made and distributed in Florida in the 1960s. The 8R with Joel Ruth photo-certificate stating its origin as “former collection of Kip Wagner” and “land find near early first colony of Navidad - Island of Hispaniola.” Estimate: $400-$600.

grams. Full date and assayer, good pillars and shield, richly toned About Fine, no hole (scarce). Estimate: $75-$110.

Philip II

1476. Lot of 7 Guatemala cob 1R, various dates (where vis-

1485. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Gothic

just 2 with holes, most with dates only partially visible or off the flan. Estimate: $250-$375.

shield but peripheries flat, nice toning, Fine+ with minor scratches. Estimate: $175-$250.

Spain

1486. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1595/?B. CT-403. 13.32 grams.

ible). 21.21 grams total. About Fine on average, generally nicely toned,

Full S-IIII-B to left and 1595 date (vertically) to right, the last digit with some kind of erasure to left, full crown and shield, choice full cross, deeply brown-toned VF. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

Ferdinand-Isabel 1477. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer Gothic D between yoke and arrows on reverse. CT-unl. 13.66 grams. Broad flan with limited legends (flat spots) but typically sharp

and full inner details, AXF with hint of luster, no toning, common assayer but unlisted for its location. Estimate: $100-$150.

1478. Lot of 3 Burgos, Spain, 1R, Ferdinand-Isabel.

D at 4 o’clock outside tressure. CT-235. 27.09 grams. Full cross and

9.74

grams total. Problem-free VF with toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

1479. Granada, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark G at bottom on reverse, circlets flanking shield. CT-316. 2.96

grams. Fine with full Gothic legends, slightly bent, scratch on reverse,

no toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

1487. Seville, Spain, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Gothic D at 4 o’clock outside tressure on reverse.

CT-535. 6.72 grams.

Good full crown and shield and cross, peripheries weak, lightly toned AXF. Estimate: $100-$150.

Philip III 1488. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 reales, 1603C, OMNIVM in

legend, rare. KM-17.7; CT-unl. (Type 128). 5.89 grams. Very crude flan but with decent bold strike, full shield and cross, bold oT and II, long stress-crack at edge, VF. Pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #688. Estimate: $100-$150.

Philip IV

1480. Pamplona, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand II (1479-1516), upright F’s on reverse. CT-115. 3.25 grams. Full FERNANDVS in

1489. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. KM-80;

1481. Segovia, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark

1490. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer R. KM-

Gothic legends, full crown and shield and cross (Pamplona designs), nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $80-$120.

aqueduct and assayer P at bottom on reverse. CT-341. 3.18 grams. Broad flan with 100% full legends (Gothic) and crown, nice inner details, slightly wrinkled AVF with toning around details. Estimate: $80-$120.

CT-Type 127. 27.19 grams. Thick flan, slightly crude as usual, with full crown and shield and cross, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

80; CT-Type 127. 27.29 grams. Choice full shield and cross (both wellcentered, much better than average for this period) with clear S-R, bold denomination VIII (vertically) and king’s ordinal IIII in legend, AVF with darkly toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

313


1491. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-80; CT-Type 127. 26.68 grams. Very crude flan but with most of

crown and shield and cross in evidence, toned Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

1492. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-132.6; CT-Type 164. 13.51 grams. Deeply old-toned VF+ with welldetailed full shield, bold denomination IIII (vertically), full but weaker cross. Estimate: $75-$110.

Various mints 1493. Lot of 3 Spanish and Spanish colonial cob 4R, Philip II to Philip IV, assayers not visible. 37.43 grams total. Fine on aver-

age with flat spots but good toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1494. Lot of 5 Spanish colonial cob 2R: Lima 1718M and 1743(?)V; Potosí 1683V, 1743C and 1767V-(Y). 29.35 grams total. About Fine on average, decent details for the grade, the 1718 nicely toned but holed. Estimate: $250-$375.

1495. Lot of 3 Spanish and Spanish colonial cob minors: Toledo 4R Philip IV assayer P; Seville 1R Philip II assayer Gothic D; and Mexico 1/2R Philip V assayer L. 18.43 grams total. AVF on average, generally good toning, 3 nice coins (the 1R particularly sharp)

that just needed to be grouped together per the consignment. Estimate: $150-$225.

1496. Lot of 5 Spanish colonial cob 1R, Philip II through Philip IV, various assayers (where visible). 15.89 grams total. Includes a Lima Philip II Diego de la Torre and a Potosí Philip II assayer A/B but all are either worn, polished, crude or holed, and one of the holed coins is also dark and corroded. Estimate: $100-$150.

Ancient Coins Ancient Greece

Kings of Macedon

Akarnania

1500. Kings of Macedon, AR drachm, Alexander III (the

1497. Akarnania, Anaktorion, AR stater, ca. 320-280 BC, “pegasus.” Pegasi 36; BCD Akarnania 1