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DANIEL FRANK SEDWICK, LLC presents

TREASURE AUCTION #5 LIVE on the Internet Thursday, April 9, 2008, noon EDT

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327

www.SedwickCoins.com Auction and catalog production by Dan Sedwick, Augi García, and Cori Sedwick Downing With special thanks to Alan Workman for his assistance

Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592 © Copyright Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2009. All rights reserved.

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1)

Each lot will be sold to the highest bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, phone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. We cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time. All bids are in U.S. dollars.

2)

Winning bids will be reduced automatically to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie.

3)

A winning bid is considered a formal contract between the buyer and the consignor. The winning bidder, by submitting his bid, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he/she has won and further agrees to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping, sales tax, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the buyer. Winning bidders will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification. If payment has not been received after two weeks, we reserve the right to re-open the lot(s) to second- and third- (etc.) highest bidders. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid for in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 1½% per month.

4)

Unless other arrangements are made, all lots will be sent to winning bidders via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases).

5)

A Buyer’s Premium of 19% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Winning bidders who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 4% (net 15%). Winning bidders who pay by credit card (not through PayPal) are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 1% (net 18%). Lots won via live Internet bidding are not eligible for these reductions.

6)

Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by direct deposit or wire transfer should be made to the Daniel Frank Sedwick LLC Operating Account, Bank of America account #898013725092, ABA #026009593, SWIFT code BOFAUS3N. Payments by PayPal should be made to auction@sedwickcoins.com. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank.

7)

New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply references and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidders with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick or Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of their previous balance before their bids will be accepted.

8)

You may opt for “either/or” bids and/or total budgets on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. Total budgets are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend more than a specified amount. These options are not available for live Internet bidders.

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9)

Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars.

10)

As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level. Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith.

11)

All items are guaranteed genuine and as described. Returns will NOT be accepted UNLESS there was an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion thereof cannot be considered errors. Any returns must be agreed upon BEFORE return shipment to us, and any applicable refunds will be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s). All returns must be submitted to us in unaltered condition no later than one month after the sale. Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee.

12)

Lots may be inspected at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

13)

For any lots sent to a Florida address, Florida sales tax (6% to 7.5%, depending on your county) will be added to all purchases of items that are NOT coins or bullion. Coins and bullion are also taxed if the total coin and/or bullion purchase is less than $500.

14)

The winning bidder pays for all costs of shipping or delivery of his/her lots. In some cases special delivery must be arranged between the consignor and the winning bidder. There are no surcharges for packing or handling in this sale.

15)

This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592.

Bidding increment table:

From $0 $50 $100 $200 $300 $500 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $5,000 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000

To $50 $100 $200 $300 $500 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $5,000 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 + 3

Increment $2 $5 $10 $20 $25 $50 $100 $200 $250 $500 $1,000 $2,000 $2,500


ORDER OF SALE Thursday, April 9, 200, noon EDT Section Lots Pages Shipwreck histories............................................................................................................. 8-18 Arqueonautas ...................................................................................................................... 19-28 Gold cobs by mint ....................................................................................... 1-30 ............... 29-32 World gold coins by country ...................................................................... 31-84 ............. 32-39 Shipwreck ingots and other bullion .......................................................... 85-145 ........... 39-48 Shipwreck silver coins (chronologically by wreck) .................................. 146-609 ......... 49-114 Silver cobs of Mexico .................................................................................. 610-645 ......... 115-119 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ........................................................................... 646-683 ......... 120-124 Silver cobs of Potosí, Bolivia ...................................................................... 684-850 ......... 125-142 Silver (and copper) cobs from other mints ............................................... 851-874 ......... 143-145 World silver (and copper) coins by country ............................................. 875-1291 ....... 146-195 Medals and decorations by country .......................................................... 1292-1300 ..... 196-198 Paper money by country ............................................................................ 1301-1307 ..... 199-200 Artifacts from shipwrecks (featuring the Art McKee Collection) .......... 1308-1505 ..... 201-233 Non-shipwreck artifacts: Pre-Columbian ............................................................................................ 1506 .............. 233 Circa-1590 Spanish Colonial site in the southern Caribbean................. 1507-1585 ..... 234-246 Religious/jewelry/precious metals ............................................................. 1586-1590 ..... 246-247 Weapons....................................................................................................... 1591-1608 ..... 247-252 Maritime ...................................................................................................... 1609-1616 ..... 252-254 Miscellaneous .............................................................................................. 1617-1621 ..... 255 Media: Old Spanish colonial documents ............................................................... 1622-1625 ..... 256 Engravings................................................................................................... 1626-1637 ..... 257-259 Maps ............................................................................................................. 1638-1643 ..... 260-261 Paintings ...................................................................................................... 1644 .............. 261 Shipwreck narrative pamphlets ................................................................ 1645-1652 ..... 262-263 Miscellaneous documents ........................................................................... 1653-1664 ..... 263-265 Books (featuring the Tom Sebring Treasure Library) ............................ 1665-1771 ..... 266-272 Article reprints ............................................................................................ 1772-1773 ..... 273 Auction catalogs .......................................................................................... 1774-1783 ..... 273-274 Coin cases .................................................................................................... 1784-1786 ..... 274 A note about the order: As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

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REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (9 previous editions). FR = Friedberg’s Gold Coins of the World, 7th edition (2003). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, 4th edition (2007). Sp = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, 41st edition (2006).

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that. (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade. “Mint State” refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

BOOK GRADING and TERMS We use several standard terms in our book descriptions, as follows: HB = Hardbound SC = Soft cover DJ = Dust jacket ed = Edition pp = Pages ex-lib = Ex-library (with stampings and/or card-holders pasted in) Our book grading is very similar to the coin grades above, with top condition indicated as “mint” or “new,” then “Very Fine” (VF) for not new but unread (or very slightly read) condition, then “Fine” (F) for slightly used, “Very Good” (VG) for moderately used, and “Good” (G) for well-used condition. Any significant damage is separately noted, as opposed to including it in the grade.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts and media. 5


DANIEL FRANK SEDWICK, LLC presents

TREASURE AUCTION #5 Thursday, April 9, 2009, noon EDT When we began our Treasure Auctions two years ago, we had no idea how quickly the concept would grow. Just compare our first sale of around 400 lots to almost 1800 lots now, a fourfold increase! But it is not just the number and quality of the consignments that have grown: With each new auction we have offered technical advances over the last, and our latest addition is live Internet bidding via iCollector.com. While we hope to offer fully live auctions in person some day, we feel we offer the next best thing with live bidding on the Internet combined with full descriptions and photos, both in this catalog and on our website, and our long-standing reputation for accuracy and fairness. As you peruse the lots, you will notice that this auction is about extreme coins, from immense Swedish copper “plate money” from the Schimmelmann wreck of 1780 to tiny silver cuartillos (¼ reales) from Spanish colonial mints, literally hundreds of which appear in this sale from a collection of “mini-coins” assembled over the course of 40 years. Also we feature what we believe to be the largest Potosí cob 8 reales (“Great Module”) ever made. Even our shipwreck bullion section offers the extremes of huge silver and copper ingots and tiny flakes of gold dust and nuggets. As always, we present many significant shipwreck coins, our exclusive specialty. Perhaps the most important and visually appealing lot is a unique presentation-strike 8 reales from the unauthorized “Star of Lima” series of 1659 recovered from the “Jupiter wreck” off Florida, along with a 2R, 1R and ½R from the same series and source. The 8R and 2R are the finest known, and in fact they are of such exemplary quality that we believe they are evidence of samples being sent to the king of Spain to show the new coinage, which continued to be struck without authorization in 1660 because of the loss of these samples. Without shipwreck salvage, we would never be able to study such important rarities that were otherwise lost forever. Perhaps surprisingly, to own and invest in these items does not take millions or even hundreds of thousands of dollars. Our other major niche, shipwreck and treasure-related artifacts, is augmented this time with two important collections: The Art McKee Collection of 1733-Fleet (and other) artifacts from his Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key, Florida; and finds from a Spanish Colonial site of ca. 1590 in the southern Caribbean. From thimbles and pins to grand gold jewelry, there is something here for every budget. Our offerings are not limited to shipwrecks and treasure, however. As a growing auction house, we have listened to what bidders want and have responded by gathering consignments from around the world in a variety of areas of interest. In particular we have expanded our world coins sections into Latin American areas, with significant collections in Guatemala, Mexican War for Independence, Nicaragua/Honduras provisional issues and more. The colonial sections of Bolivia and Peru contain numerous bust 8 reales from fresh hoards found in Peru. We are also 6


venturing into medals and decorations, paper money and even maps. In addition we present our usual sections of cobs from the Spanish colonial mints in the Americas, which are well represented this time by a collection of mostly 8 reales. In this sale we also continue to present the Tom Sebring Treasure Library, an ongoing project that we expect to complete in the fall with Tom’s collection of important treasure auction catalogs. While book offerings are not a lucrative area for an auction house—and most coin-auction houses do not offer them for that reason—we feel that reference materials are one of the most important aspects of collecting and are well worth presenting for everyone to obtain for their own personal libraries. It is all part of our general philosophy of making practical treasures available to everyone in the world in the easiest, most comfortable venue possible. As you sit back and study each lot, be sure to appreciate what our growing contingent of consignors already knows: We take the time and resources to research and maximize the exposure of each and every item, from tiny cuartillos to large maps, and we are always willing to answer questions and assist bidders. Find YOUR treasures HERE!

Come to our seminar! This summer we will be teaching a course entitled “Cobs and Other Shipwreck Treasure Coins” at the American Numismatic Association’s Summer Seminar Session I (June 27-July 3) in Colorado Springs, CO. For many, Summer Seminar is a life-changing event. It has catapulted the careers of many of the nation’s most successful numismatic collectors, authors and dealers, and guided young numismatists to become hobby leaders. Now celebrating its 41st year, Summer Seminar, as always, will feature a lineup of classes to suit virtually every collector’s hobby needs. Instructors: Daniel Frank Sedwick, professional numismatist and co-author of The Practical Book of Cobs; Agustín García-Barneche, author of The Macuquina Code; and AlanWorkman, a specialist in treasure-related literature. Please contact the ANA now to reserve your spot in the class: (719) 482-9850 or via web at www.money.org.

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SHIPWRECK (AND HOARD) HISTORIES Throughout this catalog we offer coins and artifacts from several dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—“treasure” in the truest sense. So as not to break up the flow of the catalog in the listings, we offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories here either because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general.

“Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island

use today. The gold ingots also show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

Before there were coins and Spanish Treasure Fleets, Hernán Cortés and his men acquired treasure in the form of NativeAmerican gold and silver artifacts that were melted down in Mexico for easier transportation. The variable-fineness ingots thus created were known to archeologists but were not thought to exist until the discovery of a wreck full of them off Grand Bahama Island in 1992. After the salvage of what ultimately was determined to be a ca.1528 wreck, the ingots came to be known as “tumbaga” bars and were subsequently distributed to the collecting community by Frank and Daniel Sedwick. Like most official Spanish colonial bullion, each bar was marked with the fineness (the gold in parts per 24, the silver in parts per 2400) and assayer, and especially with tax stamps to show that the king got his cut. On these particular bars the tax stamps show a legend that reads CAROLVS QVINTVS IMPERATOR for Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (who was also Charles I of Spain, son of Queen Joanna). Each bar is described in detail in the 1993 book Tumbaga Silver for Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, by Douglas Armstrong, a professional conservator hired by the salvage company to clean and preserve all the silver “tumbaga” bars. A new publication in the works by Agustín García-Barneche should soon shed more light on the history and manufacture of these ingots.

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wreck-site was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Carlos-Juana (up to and including assayer S), some of which still washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican Carlos-Juana silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World (the best of which achieved a record in 2006 for the highest amount ever paid at auction for a Spanish colonial coin: $373,750!). To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican Carlos-Juana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars (see above), although the later gold ingots were been cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck in the northern Caribbean As mentioned above, one ship escaped the 1554-Fleet disaster, the San Andrés, but it was damaged and only barely made it into Havana harbor. Its treasure was safely offloaded onto other vessels for the journey through the Bahama Channel and up the Straits of Florida and back to Spain, but archival records in Spain indicate that not all of the treasure from the San Andrés made it there. In addition to a documented loss off Portugal, there is some evidence that these ships were hit by another storm and lost somewhere in the northern Caribbean, at least one of them hitting the east coast of Florida and being salvaged by the Ais Indians. A few coins found on the east coast of Florida in recent decades, particularly in the vicinity of Cape Canaveral, seem to confirm this. Archival records also indicate that some of the treasure from the San Andrés was brought to and left at Puerto Rico to be retrieved later in the 1550s. The material we are seeing on the market today (coins, ingots and some artifacts like plates with markings) is identical to what was found off Texas, so it MUST have come from the same 1554 shipment originally, and is therefore most likely the part that was offloaded from the San Andrés in Havana. Because the salvagers say the source is somewhere off the Dominican Republic, it may have more to do with the part that was left in Puerto Rico than with the losses in the Bahama Channel.

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Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico, Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times—than their non-salvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to noncollectors than to serious numismatists.

Espadarte, sunk in 1558 off the Island of Mozambique, east of Africa See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for information about this wreck.

“Cidade Velha shipwrecks,” sunk in the late 1500s off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for information about this wreck.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England The name and nationality of the ship are unknown and even the date of sinking is not certain. All we know is that records of its local salvage began in 1618. After rediscovery of the wreck by Ken Simpson and Mike Hall in 1975, eventually some 3,000 coins were recovered and sold, all silver cobs, mostly Mexican, but also from Potosí and Spain. Most of the coins are thin from corrosion but with dark toning on fields to enhance details. Because it is rather early, this wreck has yielded several important rarities like the F-oD dual-assayer issue from Mexico.

San Martin, sunk in 1618 off the east coast of Florida Known locally as the “Green Cabin wreck,” the San Martín, sunk in a storm on its way to Spain from Havana, was the almiranta (the Admiral’s ship, effectively the rear guard of any Spanish convoy) of the Honduran Fleet of 1618. As that Fleet was nowhere near the size of the fleets from Mexico and South America, the San Martín was not carrying a large amount of coins or other treasure, most of which was salvaged by the Spanish after the sinking anyway. Modern salvage efforts on the site since the 1960s, as well as finds on the beach opposite the wreck, have yielded a few Mexican and Potosi cobs in generally poor condition.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel

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Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, England The East Indiaman Campen was part of a seven-ship fleet that encountered a heavy storm off the Isle of Wight in October of 1627. Seeking safety in the Solent north of the island, four of the ships attempted to navigate through the Needles rocks at the island’s westernmost tip and two of them—the Campen and the Vliegende Draecke (“Flying Dragon”)—sank nearby. Soon after, all of the latter ship’s cargo was saved, but only a couple thousand silver coins were recovered from the Campen, leaving about 8,000 coins to be found in our time. Most of these silver coins, recovered by divers beginning in June of 1979, were Dutch “lion” daalders, but they also included a few cobs, which are very rarely seen on the market today.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

San José, sunk in 1631 off Panama City, Panama The almiranta of the South Seas Fleet, the San José sank on a reef in June of 1631, and soon afterward Spanish salvagers recovered about half the treasure, leaving some 200 chests of silver to be found in our time. Local divers have worked the site and recovered several hundred Potosí silver cobs (8 and 4 reales) of the period in mostly nice condition (several of which were mistakenly released prematurely onto the market), but full-scale salvage on this wreck has not yet begun.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal

known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

“San Francisco wreck,” sunk ca. 1649 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa The identity of this wreck is unknown, its nickname simply corresponding to the nearest land-area to the wreck (São Francisco) on the island of Santiago. The salvage firm Arqueonautas worked the wrecksite in 1999-2000, and though unable to identify the vessel, they theorized it was a “Spanish ship with a Portuguese Captain with money to buy slaves.” The first finds from the “San Francisco wreck,” including an extremely rare silver-plated astrolabe dated 1645, were sold by Sotheby’s (London) in December, 2000, buried in a clocks and watches auction that got little publicity in the shipwreck-collecting field. The relatively few coins from this wreck, all silver cobs from Mexico and Potosí in the mid- to late 1640s, are generally rare and appear to date just before the massive recall and melting in 1649 at Potosí that so significantly altered worldwide usage of Spanish colonial cobs. See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for more information about this wreck.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead

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vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company Seafinders in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in 1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second

big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company Marex in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia Much has been written about the loss and salvage of this Dutch East India Company trading vessel (known as an East Indiaman), which some consider to be Australia’s counterpart to Florida’s 1715 Fleet in terms of availability of reasonably priced cobs for collectors. In contrast to the Spanish treasure wrecks, the Vergulde Draeck carried only a modest amount of just silver cobs (eight chests totaling 45,950 coins), mostly Mexican but also some cobs from Potosí and Spain as well as some Colombian rarities. The ship was on its way from the Netherlands to Batavia (modernday Jakarta, Indonesia) when suddenly it found itself wrecked on a reef some three miles from land in the early morning hours of April 28, 1656. Only 75 of the 193 people on board were able to reach the shore, and seven of them soon left in the ship’s pinnace to seek help in Batavia. When authorities there learned of the wreck, several attempts were made to rescue the other survivors and, more important, the eight chests of treasure, but no sign of the wreck or survivors was ever found. The wreck remained undiscovered until 1963 when spear-fishermen stumbled upon it and began to recover coins and artifacts. Subsequent salvage efforts, primarily under the supervision of the Western Australian Museum, whose certificates often accompany the coins and carry a small premium, have yielded only about half of the total coins officially recorded to be on board this ship.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck.

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Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

Sacramento, sunk in 1668 off Bay of All Saints, Bahia, Brazil The lead vessel of a 50-ship annual convoy between Lisbon, Portugal, and Bahia, Brazil, the Sacramento hit a sandbar at night and sank in a squall on May 5, 1668, sending some 400 people to their grave. Official Brazilian government salvage on the wreck took place beginning in 1976, at some point involving the famed salvager Robert Marx. Because it was chiefly a military vessel sailing from Portugal to Brazil, the Sacramento was carrying just a few consumer goods (like textiles) and not any significant amount of coins. Nevertheless, what little from the salvaging of this ship has reached collectors has been almost exclusively Portuguese silver coins with Brazilian countermarks from 1663, although a few Spanish colonial cobs (also countermarked) and a few artifacts have surfaced too.

Unidentified wreck of ca. 1671 sunk in Seville Harbor, Spain The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiberoptic cable across the river. It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who

forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having recovered only about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

Sunken city of Port Royal, Jamaica (submerged by earthquake in 1694) As a notorious pirate hangout in the 17th century, Port Royal’s famous bars and brothels became repositories for much of the looted treasure of the Caribbean. In 1692 an earthquake sent most of the city plunging into the sea, and it never fully recovered. What was left of Port Royal became a British Naval station for years afterward and it was continually racked by hurricanes (in 1721, 1726, 1744, and 1951), fires (in 1703 and 1815), and even another earthquake (in 1907). In the period of 1965 to 1968, the famous salvager Robert Marx dove the sunken city and recovered

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more than two million small artifacts (many lost AFTER 1692), some of which have appeared in the treasure market from time to time.

HMS Winchester, sunk in 1695 in the Florida Keys Beset with scurvy, the crew of the HMS Winchester (a fourth-rate ship of 60 cannons) was left with only eight able hands to man the ship when she hit a reef off the Florida Keys (about 25 miles south of present-day Miami) in September of 1695 on her way home from Port Royal, Jamaica, accompanied by sister-ship HMS Dunkirk and a French prize. The wreck was salvaged in our time starting in 1938, when salvager Charlie Brookfield brought up cannons and identified the ship. In later years the wrecksite was worked by Art McKee and Bobby Klein. Today the Winchester site lies within John Pennekamp Park and is protected from further salvage.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa This Dutch East Indiaman was outbound when she tried to put into Saldanha Bay to alleviate rampant scurvy on board the ship. On April 3, 1702, she hit reefs on the southwest point of Jutten Island and within hours was smashed to pieces. Only 99 of the 200 people aboard the Merestein survived. On board the Merestein were several chests of silver coins for trade in the East Indies and for which immediate salvage plans were undertaken. But Jutten Island is no easy dive, and all attempts were abandoned until modern times. The wreck was rediscovered and salvaged in the early 1970s, yielding almost exclusively Dutch silver ducatoons from the 1600s. The number of coins found in the 1970s was around 15,000 and is believed to be nowhere near all of the treasure that was lost.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland During the War of Spanish Succession it was deemed safer to take the northern route around Scotland than to skirt French coasts in the English Channel, but in so doing the Dutch East Indiaman DeLiefde wrecked on a reef in the Out Skerries due to faulty navigation under overcast skies, leaving only one survivor to tell the tale. Prompt salvage attempts by the VOC to recover the cargo of silver and gold coins turned up nothing—looting by locals was greatly suspected. Modern expeditions in the 1960s, however, located the ship and yielded upwards of 4000 coins (mostly silver “rider” ducatoons and gold ducats) in 1966-1968, many of which were sold at auction by Glendining (London) in 1969.

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada The Feversham was on its way north with three other ships from New York to Quebec with provisions and cash to assist a British campaign against the French when all four ships sank on and around Scatarie Island off Cape Breton in a storm on October 7, 1711. About 100 people died in the disaster, while the remaining 49 survivors were able to bribe a passing French fisherman to take them to New York for 200 pounds. Apparently no one—British or French—was able to salvage anything from the wreck in its time. In 1968 the wrecksite of the Feversham was rediscovered by a group of divers led by famous Canadian salvager, Alex Storm, whose recoveries were sold privately to a “highly-reputable Canadian institution” in 1972. In the mid-1980s the Feversham was salvaged again by a new group of divers. The Feversham’s numismatic yield was small in comparison with Spanish galleon treasures, but quite important as a cross-section of coinage in circulation in New York at the time. Mostly it was Spanish American silver cobs and Massachusetts Bay Colony shillings, many of the former with rare, weight-adjustment plugs to bring them up to standard. A small group of gold cobs—almost entirely Bogotá 2 escudos, virtually identical to those from the Spanish 1715 Fleet— was found in later salvage efforts. An abundance of auctions offered these coins from 1989 through 1999.

1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715

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Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent. Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time.

the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off the coast of Norway Separated from her two companion vessels in a heavy storm, the East Indiaman Akerendam foundered off the northern point of Runde Island off the west coast of Norway on March 8, with no survivors among the 200 people on board. Throughout the next several months, five of the 19 chests of coins aboard the Akerendam were recovered, and one of those five had opened up, scattering coins over the wrecksite. No more was found, and the site was forgotten until Norwegian amateur divers rediscovered it in 1972 and brought up almost 40,000 gold and silver coins, with another 16,000 or so found the next year. Ultimately the coins were split between the divers and the Norwegian and Dutch governments, and the divers’ portion was offered as a whole at auction in 1978, following which the coins were largely assembled into leather-bound promotional sets (each consisting of up to 23 silver coins and one gold coin). In total, over 10,000 New World silver cobs were found (no gold), nearly all Mexican, in average condition (but typically crude strikes).

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still subleases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003). Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of

Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733-Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper. The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key

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housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual freefor-all, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”type coins of 1733.

the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739, with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace. By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.

Nuestra Señora de los Milagros, sunk in 1741 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico This merchant nao, whose nickname was El Matancero (because she was built at Matanzas, Cuba), hit rocks and was smashed to pieces in minutes on February 22, 1741, near Acumal, Quintana Roo. The Milagros was not a treasure wreck but did yield some 200,000 small artifacts to divers with CEDAM (Mexican Underwater Exploration Society) and Robert Marx in the late 1950s.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders (dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a most unusual feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with

Laden with 20 chests (69,760 ounces) of Spanish silver, the East Indiaman Princess Louisa fell victim to surprise currents and inaccurate charts and struck a reef and sank off Isla de Maio in the early morning hours of April 18. Forty-two of the 116 people aboard floated to safety on the nearby island, but nothing on the ship could be saved. Contemporaneous salvage never came to fruition. In 1998 and 1999 the wrecksite was located and salvaged by the Arqueonautas firm, whose finds from this wreck have been largely marketed by a Houston coin and jewelry dealer ever since, although some coins were also sold at auction in 2000-2001. Most of the coins were New World silver cobs from all the mints that were operating in the early 1700s (including rare Bogotá cobs), predominantly minors (smaller than 8 reales), in average condition, with quite a few preserved in as-found multiple-coin clusters. See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for more information about this wreck.

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Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique

More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchor-line snapped and the ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage divers on the wrecksite recovered thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but it also yielded a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

The Bredenhof was a Dutch East Indiaman headed to India with 14 barrels of copper “duits” (penny-like coins), 29 chests of silver bars, and one chest of gold ducats. On June 6, 1753, about 13 miles from the eastern coast of Africa and 120 miles south of the Portuguese settlement of Mozambique, the Bredenhof found herself in difficult currents and struck a reef. Amazingly, among the first items jettisoned to try to raise the ship off the reef were some of the chests of silver bars! The gold was taken by the ship’s officers, some of whom survived the trip to Mozambique, but the silver bars and copper coins were lost until modern times, despite salvage attempts in the 1750s. In 1986 divers found the wreck, which yielded hundreds of silver ingots and thousands of copper coins, all sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam that same year.

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay Like the Capitana (1654) and 1733 Fleet, this wreck is a case for modern salvage of Spanish wrecks where all or most of the registered cargo was found in its own time, because contraband was always a factor and was generally abandoned if the ship did not make its destination. The Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Geldermalsen (“Nanking Cargo”), sunk in 1752 in the South China Sea The Geldermalsen was a Dutch East India Company ship returning to Amsterdam with a cargo of over 160,000 porcelains and 145 gold ingots (in addition to tea and textiles) when she hit a reef and sank on January 3, 1752. In 1985 the wreck was found by Michael Hatcher, and the salvaged material was sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam in 1986 as the famous “Nanking Cargo.”

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, sunk in 1753 off Montevideo, Uruguay The Rosario was reportedly carrying over 800,000 pesos of treasure on her way to Buenos Aires when she sank close to shore at the mouth of the Río de la Plata on June 30, 1753. All hands were saved, but the fate of the valuable cargo is unknown. Recent finds of utilitarian items like spoons and buckles have trickled onto the market, but no high-value treasure so far.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada After the end of the Seven Years’ War between England and France in 1759, French officers and aristocrats in Canada were sent from Quebec back to France in ships such as the Auguste. In stormy conditions and damaged by fire, the Auguste struck a sand bar on November 15 and subsequently sank in Aspy Bay off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Only seven of the 121 on board survived, and the wealth of the passengers was lost until our time. To date, well over a thousand coins of various nationalities have been found, along with many important artifacts.

La Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for information about this wreck.

Evstafii, sunk in 1780 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland The Evstafii was an Imperial Russian Navy pink (variety of frigate) sunk off Whalsay in the Shetland Islands during an easterly gale. Unsubstantiated rumors at the time stated that a British warship had fired upon the Russian ship and lodged a cannonball between the rudder and sternpost, thereby preventing the Russian ship from steering. The Evstafii was not a treasure ship, and in fact was carrying naval stores, including 400 barrels of pitch. Found by accident and subsequently salvaged by Robert Sténuit in 1971-2, the Evstafii yielded only a few Russian and Dutch coins and artifacts, which were all originally sold at auction by Sotheby’s (London) in 1973.

Count Ernst Schimmelmann, sunk in 1781 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for information about this wreck.

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Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador

The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

This wreck, salvaged periodically in the late twentieth century, typically yielded portrait (bust) 8 reales from Lima, Peru, but more recent work in 2001 brought up a handful of small silver cobs of the mid- to late 1700s mostly from the Potosí mint. These were probably from a small, private purse and not part of the more than 2 million pesos of registered silver and gold cargo aboard the Leocadia when she departed Paita, Peru, bound for Panama in a convoy of merchant vessels. On November 16, 1800, the Leocadia struck a shoal and broke apart 100 yards from the beach at Punta Santa Elena, with a loss of over 140 lives in the disaster. Within the next year the Spanish salvaged about 90 percent of the registered treasure, leaving more than 200,000 pesos (not to mention the expected contraband) behind to tempt divers in our time. Judging from the paucity of coins from this ship on the open market, we may assume that many more are still to be found.

Hartwell, sunk in 1787 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

An outbound British East Indiaman with a cargo of general merchandise, the Lady Burgess found herself separated from her fleet and hit a reef in the Cape Verde Islands on April 20, 1806. In the ensuing chaos, 52 of the 180 people on board the ship perished. Inasmuch as she was not a treasure ship, the Lady Burgess was not salvaged in her own time and was therefore untouched when the salvage company Arqueonautas located her remains in 1999 and recovered a modicum of Spanish silver bust-type 8 reales and British gold guineas that had been among private specie on board the ship. See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for more information about this wreck.

On her maiden voyage to China, the British East Indiaman Hartwell was heavily laden with silver when the crew mutineed. After quelling the fight, the captain headed to the Cape Verde Islands to offload the mutineers. Exhausted from the mutiny, the weary sailors ran the ship into a reef off the Island of Boavista, losing the ship entirely. Fortunately all hands were saved. Salvage by the British East India Company 1788-1791 yielded nearly half of the approximately 200,000 ounces of silver cargo on board the Hartwell. Pirates at the time recovered another 40,000 coins. The wrecksite was found again and salvaged by Afrimar in 1994-1996 and by Arqueonautas in 1996-1999, providing the market with Spanish colonial bust-type 8 reales in generally poor condition. See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for more information about this wreck.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone. In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru In 2007 a metals refiner in Lima was presented with a nice surprise: One of his usual scrap-metal suppliers had secured a trunk full of silver coins, mostly 8 reales, all minted in Potosí and bearing the portrait of either Charles III or Charles IV of Spain, acquired from a lucky Cuzqueño who found the stash buried in the ground. Nearly all the coins were dirty and necessarily conserved, which revealed bright, high-grade luster on many of the coins.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England Along with her sister-ship Britannia, the English East Indiaman Admiral Gardner was outbound with an immense cargo (48 tons!) of copper coins for circulation in India when both ships sank in a storm on the Goodwin Sands on January 24, 1809. Ten lives were lost, as was all the cargo. The coins were recovered in modern times, literally a million of them packed in wax inside wooden barrels.

“1810 wreck,” sunk off Ft. Pierce, Florida A hurricane in 1810 sank several ships along the east coast of Florida, particularly in the vicinity of Ft. Pierce. Several ship names have been proposed for the site in question here including a Roberts, not to be confused with a ship of similar name (without the s) sunk off Vero Beach 11 years later.

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“Rombos wreck,” sunk in the early 1800s off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for information about this wreck.

1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru In 2007 a metals refiner in Lima was presented with a nice surprise: One of his usual scrap-metal suppliers had secured a trunk full of silver coins, mostly Potosí 8 reales from the very end of Spanish colonial rule in 1825 but a few also from the early Peruvian Republic. The colonial pieces bear the portrait of Ferdinand VII of Spain. The coins were acquired from a lucky Arequipeño who found the stash buried in the ground. Nearly all the coins were dirty and necessarily conserved, which revealed bright, high-grade luster on many of the coins. Nobody knows why the hoard was deposited there, but perhaps it has to do with the fact that Arequipa was a bastion of nationalism during Peru’s struggle for independence from Spain.

Santo Andre, sunk in 1856 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa The Santo Andre was a Spanish galera that sank on July 25, 1856, on Rifona Reef off Boavista Island in the Cape Verde Islands. The wrecksite was salvaged in our time by different companies beginning in 1993 and ending in 1996, yielding many Spanish and French silver coins and small artifacts. See the Arqueonautas section at the end of these histories for more information about this wreck.

General Abbatucci, sunk in 1869 off Corsica Traveling from Marseilles, France, to Civitavecchia, Italy, with high dignitaries and papal guards, the General Abbatucci was laden with specie and lavish birthday gifts for Pope Pius IX when she collided with the Norwegian barquentine Edward Hwidt and sank within two hours off the island of Corsica, southeast of France. There were only 54 survivors. In 1996 the wrecksite was located and worked remotely by Blue Water Recoveries at a depth of about 8,000 feet. Even though the main cargo of the ship was not found, the salvage did yield jewelry and coins in addition to some small artifacts, all sold at auction by Christie’s (London) in 1997.

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remote-operated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.

S.S. Florizel, sunk in 1918 off Newfoundland, Canada Caught in a snowstorm, the luxury liner Florizel ran aground off Horn’s Head and sank on February 27, 1918. Over the course of three days, 93 people died as rescue attempts failed. In 1973 salvager Marcel Robillard located the wrecksite and brought up several artifacts and many silver and copper coins.

S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina Sunk in a hurricane on September 12, 1857, the mail steamer Central America took with her more than 400 lives and over three tons of gold. The wreck lay undisturbed until 1986, when Tommy Thompson and his Columbus-America Discovery Group located the ship in 8500 feet of water. After 10 years of legal struggles, the salvagers were awarded about 92 percent of the treasure, with most of the rest going to insurance companies who had paid the claim when the ship sank. Widely touted as the greatest treasure ever found, the gold from the Central America has been very heavily promoted and cleverly marketed.

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THE HISTORY OF ARQUEONAUTAS Arqueonautas was founded on May 19, 1994. Its primary mission is to protect world maritime heritage, which it pursues through partnership agreements with governments of different countries. In August of 1995 an exclusive concession contract was concluded with the government of Cape Verde covering the whole of the archipelago’s territorial waters. During the seven years in which Arqueonautas pursued its activities around these Atlantic islands, over 100 shipwrecks were located and documented, resulting in 12 recovery operations. In the course of this project more than 10,000 artifacts of significant cultural and historical value and 65,000 coins were recovered, scientifically documented and preserved. From these finds, about 70% of the artifacts and 40% of the coins remained in Cape Verde for public display at the National Maritime Museum in Cidade da Praia, Santiago. In the year 2000 work was initiated in Mozambique. Since the commencement of non-intrusive survey and reconnaissance operations, 32 shipwrecks were discovered, of which three sites so far have been excavated and scientifically documented. The first excavation led to the recovery of an important cargo of Chinese Ming Dynasty porcelain from the middle of the 16th Century as well as 12 kilograms of gold nuggets and gold disks that had been smuggled amongst the ship’s ballast. The most significant part of the porcelain is now being catalogued at the National Maritime Museum on the Island of Mozambique for later exhibition. It should be emphasized that this is the most important collection of Ming porcelain existing on the African Continent. Two Maritime Conservation centers have been established. The first in Cidade de Praia / Cape Verde with the cooperation of the government of the Republic of Cape Verde, and the second on the Island of Mozambique established under contract between the government of Mozambique, Arqueonautas and Património Internacional. Both these centers promote the cultural importance of the collections and offer training in maritime archaeology and conservation. The transfer of knowledge to professionals of the countries where we are active is an important goal of ours and is characteristic of our way of operating, along with investment in structures that enable the ongoing implementation of such knowledge, even after Arqueonautas is no longer present in these territories. The scientific papers resulting from the work carried out in Cape Verde and Mozambique are now being concluded. Scientific publications take a long time due to the complexity and large volume of information gathered. Their publication in the scientific community will contribute to enhance the knowledge of maritime history between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries.

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MOZAMBIQUE (EAST OF AFRICA) Espadarte (1558), code name IDM-002 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

May/June 1558 (estimated) Island of Mozambique Unknown

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

Portuguese Nau India to Portugal Unknown

Historical Information The code name given to our wreck was IDM-002 (which stands for the second wreck site found at Ilha de Moçambique or Island of Mozambique) and was soon known within the team as the “Fort San Sebastian wreck,” but we were not able to identify the name or year. By the study of the hull remains and the Ming porcelain found, we knew it was something from the second half of the 16th Century, but the reports in our possession from the archives of Portuguese ships lost in that area and period did not seem to match with our wreck. A study of the porcelain showed that some were inscribed with reign marks, for instance ming jiajing nian zao, “made in the Jiajing period of the great Ming dynasty.” The Jiajing period lasted from 1522 to 1566, but this did not help us narrow our chronological parameters. The piece that helped us more was a beautifully painted dish with a white hare in the center and, on the exterior, a bird perched on the branch of a fruiting peach tree. Its rare cyclical date mark on the underside read gui chou nia zao, or “made in the gui chou year.” The Chinese system of dating was based on cycles of sixty years. The cyclical calendar is believed to have started in 2637 BC, but the Ming era that interested us, that is to say the period of the Portuguese empire, began its cycles in 1444, 1504 and 1564. Each year within the cycle has its own name, and in our case it was gui chou. Gui, the first ideogram in the inscription, reading in the Chinese manner from top to bottom and left to right, is one of the so-called ten stems; it combines with chou, the second ideogram of our inscription, which is one of the six possible ‘branch’ characters that can go with gui. The combination of the two tells us that it is the 50th year of the cycle. The question was, which cycle? Based on the historical artistic evidence (shape, style of painting, subject matter, motifs and subsidiary ornamentation), it could not have been from the cycle beginning in 1564, as its 50th year would give us 1613 and put us in the late Wanli period, by which time the artistry was entirely different. Also the cycle beginning 1444 was too early. The only cycle that fit the artistry was the cycle beginning in 1504, which gives us the year 1553, putting us in the third quarter of the sixteenth century—exactly where we thought we should be, based on historical artistic judgments. But this does not mean that our wreck sank in 1553. It would have taken time for the cargo to reach the market, and thence to Africa. At the time, Chinese porcelain was a very sought-after commodity for European merchants. With all of this in mind, the most likely date for the Fort San Sebastian wreck was the five-year period between 1554 and 1558. It could not have been earlier because the dated dish gave us a theoretical earliest date; it could, however, be later, but not by much. Almost seven years after the discovery of the wreck, the uninterrupted archival research carried out by Arqueonautas and its team of specialists finally succeeded. In March 2007 two documents landed on the conference table of the office of Arqueonautas in Estoril, Portugal. One document reads as follows: The ‘Nau’ Espadarte, which went to India in 1554, while on return to Portugal, broke the mast in the Cape [of Good Hope], being forced to go back to Mozambique, where it stranded in the point of Nossa Senhora do Baluarte on a depth of 5 fathoms (9m).

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Original text in Portuguese: Espadarte ser perdido em Moçambique vindo por capitão dele D. Álvaro da Silveira e o piloto Diogo Afonso se perdeu na Ponta de Nossa Senhora do Baluarte (...) entramos entre as 10 e as 11 horas dentro do canal e o menos fundo que nele se achou foram 5 braças e achamos o Espadarte como acima digo alagado com o mastro quebrado o qual quebraram com tormenta que trazia vindo do Cabo para Moçambique [vinha da Índia para onde tinha ido em 1554].

Recovery Report The site was found during a systematic survey around Ilha de Moçambique on the 30th of May 2001, and the only visible remains were a huge stone ballast pile at 9 m of depth falling abruptly into the channel until 32.5 m depth, where four intact Martaban jars were found. In two sondages in different parts of the stone ballast pile, wood timbers were observed, plus lead sheathing, fragments of coarse ceramics, two old anchors and blue and white Chinese porcelain objects, most of them intact and in very good condition. A complete survey of the wreck was done, every possible measurement was taken and a sketch to scale of the site was produced, including the depth isoclines. In order to evaluate the site, two test sondages were done, one of 6m2 (3mx2m) and the other of 1m2 (1mx1m), both plotted in the site sketch. Gold artifacts were found in the surrounding area of the ballast pile, all buried inside cylindrical chimneys known as “blow holes,” which are nothing more than vents from where gases escaped the magma in previous eras. The first two artifacts were a small hemispherical bowl and a bun-ingot. While the first, possibly a salt container, had been cast, hammered and filed into an object of exquisite beauty, the second was a solid, amorphous lump, the result of the gold having been smelted in a crucible and then poured into a simple, crudely formed receptacle that gave the ingot its irregular shape. Most of the gold from this site was like this, totally unmarked, no signs of fineness or ownership, possibly indicating that they were being smuggled to Europe without the Crown’s tax. A total of 12.4 Kg of small ingots and fragments were recovered.

CAPE VERDE ISLANDS (WEST OF AFRICA) “Cidade Velha” shipwrecks (late 1500s), code name AGO-050 and 051 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

16th Century Cidade Velha Harbor, Cape Verde Unknown

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

Unknown Unknown Unknown

Historical Information Cidade Velha, or Ribeira Grande as it was known, is where the history of Cape Verde began. In 1572, seventy years after its settlement, it was granted ‘Cidade’ or ‘city’ status. By that time it had a population of 1500, many of which were slaves working in the plantations of the valley. In July 1497 Cidade Velha was visited by Vasco da Gama. A less welcome visitor was Francis Drake. In November 1585 he attacked the city by land with a force of 1000 men, but the inhabitants, warned of his approach, fled to the hills, and Drake found the city deserted. Drake returned in 1586 and in a naval battle sank six or seven ships. In the 17th century Cidade Velha grew and prospered. Located at the crossroads of the Atlantic, it became an important stop for ships in need of water, fresh food and repair. In addition it became a large slaving center where slaves were trans-shipped to destinations in the New World. Recovery Report As with any popular anchorage the seabed around Cidade Velha is rich in material that was lost or discarded by visiting ships. The Arqueonautas team have recovered a series of artifacts from the “Cidade Velha” shipwrecks that include manilas, crucifixes, a range of pottery and a superb bronze canon, most of them from Portuguese shipwrecks which were sunk at anchor in the harbor of Cidade Velha by Francis Drake on his second attack of this town in 1586.

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“San Francisco wreck” (ca. 1649), code name AGO-063 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

Circa 1649 Santiago Island, Cape Verde Unknown

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

17th Century Trader West Coast of Africa Unknown

Historical Information While researching historical information on this shipwreck, one document from the AHU (Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino or Overseas Historical Archives) caught our attention, particularly because of the Pasa-Pao location it refers to: In November 1649 a ship from Seville, laden with gold, silver, coral, cutlery and some clothing, tried to reach the town of Ribeira Grande with the intention of buying slaves. Entry having been denied, it sailed along the coast of the island of S. Tiago when night had already fallen. Because of this and the fact that the pilot was unfamiliar with the coastline, the ship ran aground at the place called Pasa-Pao. On board was a Portuguese merchant, a Jew by the name of Adão Dias Solis, who together with some officials tried to get more Spanish ships to come and buy slaves, a purpose achieved a few years later. Booty of various sorts appears to have been looted or improperly withheld by the royal officials, leading to the official inquiry by the governor, Pedro Semedo Cardoso.

We were able to identify the shipwrecked vessel from the location: Pasa-Pao. Chronological aspects and data on the cargo helped to confirm this identification, but it was mainly done through the location, owing to the specificity of the name. Another reference appeared in a document from the AHU that was an official inquiry sent to Lisbon by the Governor, Jorge Mesquita de Castelo Branco, but made under his predecessor, Pedro Semedo Cardoso and dated 26 June 1652. The inquiry mentioned problems between the said governor and certain royal officials as to whether or not they were authorized to trade with and provide support for two Spanish ships which had come to buy slaves. Halfway through the document it said that the disputes between the two parties (governor and officials) were old ones and could be seen in another official inquiry which the governor had set up when another ship had been shipwrecked at a place called Pasa-Pao. That previous official inquiry is precisely the one we had found before. This priceless document sought to ascertain who was responsible for taking away some of the cargo that had been recovered and/or removed from the shipwreck, rather than to find the causes of the shipwreck itself. The date of the wreck is clearly indicated, November 1649, although the actual day is not mentioned. Equally clear are the location of the shipwreck and the port of origin of the ship: it came from Seville and wished to buy slaves to take to the “Indias de Castela.” The shipwreck happened at night when the ship was sailing along the coast and ran aground at Pasa-Pao, from where most of the people on board and the cargo were taken ashore. No other detail of the ship or its surroundings, nor the size, exact destination, even the name of the captain, pilot or any other officer, were given. There is a brief reference to some “Castilians” who appear to have been taken prisoner. The most significant individual reference is made to a Portuguese, a merchant called Adão Dias Solis (a name with obvious Jewish connections, probably linked to the Solis family of converted Jews) who may have served as the intermediary between the interests of the Spanish (or possibly only his own) and the royal officials. Charges ranged from removal of the cargo to connivance with said merchant to allow more Spanish ships to come to the island, although the two countries were at war. This view may have even led the said Adão Dias to return in 1650-51 with two more ships and may have given rise to the official inquiry mentioned above. The main cargo of the ship was gold, silver and most probably coral. Other products were mentioned and certain coins (such as patacas) were identified. The products mentioned were silver spoons and plates, pottery, pewter ware, olive oil jars and fabrics from Rouen, Brittany and Holland. The clothing included shirts, socks, dresses and clothing in general, as well as cloths and a blanket. Some of the products were not identified, among which was a silver “tabaladeira” (?), and several times reference was made to something along the lines of silk “colebas” (?). The most common goods were the unknown silk “colebas”, the coral, the silver ware and the patacas. The effects of this shipwreck were felt for many years. In a report dated 1662 on the problems of Treasury administration, this case was mentioned as having happened approximately eight years previously, caused by the pilot’s unfamiliarity with the coast, so that the ship ran aground. It also says that since the event nothing was decreed concerning the thefts carried out by the royal officials. Recovery Report Little is known about this wreck except what may be deduced from the artifacts recovered from the site by Arqueonautas in 1999-2000. Among the cannons found was one of unusual construction being made up of layers of copper, iron bands and lead sheeting or washers. A beautiful silver-plated Portuguese astrolabe recovered from the wreck is engraved with the name NICHOLA(O?) RUFFO and the date 1645, which gives a clue as to the date and provenance of the ship, which also carried a range of Iberian pottery in addition to silver coins that date up to about 1647. Further research is being conducted to try to identify this intriguing ship.

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Princess Louisa (1743), code name MAI-006 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

April 18, 1743 Maio Island, Cape Verde 498 Tons

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

English East Indiaman London to Bombay 74

Historical Information The Princess Louisa was built in 1733 at Deptford in southeast London by Bronsdon and Wells, a famous firm of shipbuilders who built ships for the Royal Navy as well as very fine merchantmen; she was designed for the service of the East India Company. She mounted 30 guns and was rated at 498 tons like all East Indiamen of this period, though this tonnage was an administrative fiction and the Princess Louisa would have been rather bigger, about 550 tons. Many of the ships built for the East India Company were named for royalty and the Princess Louisa was named in honor of the youngest daughter of King George II, an eight-year-old girl who was to become the Queen of Denmark in the same year that the ship met its tragic fate. The Princess Louisa set sail from Portsmouth on her last voyage on March 20, 1743, in company with another East Indiaman— the Winchester, commanded by Captain Gabriel Steward—26 smaller merchantmen, and, since this was a time when England was at war with Spain, a naval escort in the form of the 70-gun two-decker warship, H.M.S. Sterling Castle. She was chartered to sail to Bombay and Persia. The crew consisted of six mates, purser, surgeon, boatswain and 91 other officers and seamen, and she also carried 14 soldiers for the service of the Company in India, a total of 115 men. The Princess Louisa’s cargo is listed in the Commerce Journal of the East India Company and it was a typical cargo: woollen textiles for the Persian market and a mixed cargo for Bombay consisting of gunpowder, iron guns, sailcloth, cordage, iron, lead, and (rather unusually) ivory or “elephants’ teeth,” 822 tusks in all. However, the Company could never find sufficient goods with a market in Asia to pay for what they wanted to bring home, and so the most valuable part of the cargo was money, 20 chests of Spanish and Spanish American pieces of eight, a total of 69,760 ounces of silver. If this fourth voyage had been successfully completed, the return cargo would have been silk and cotton textiles, indigo, pepper and spices, salt-peter for gunpowder manufacture, and a host of other things. Four weeks out of Portsmouth, on April 17, Boa Vista in the Cape Verde Islands was sighted, and the two ships set a course to pass through the islands. As night fell on the following day, both ships shortened sail as they entered dangerous waters, the Princess Louisa’s lights clearly visible about a mile ahead of the Winchester. By midnight, the island of Maio could just be seen to the southwest, and about an hour later the Princess Louisa fired her guns as a signal of danger. Shortly afterwards, the Winchester saw her sister ship “in or very near the breakers” on a reef, just in time to tack and save herself from sharing the same fate. At daybreak, the stricken ship could be seen “among the rocks without ever a mast standing and the sea making a free passage over her.” The Winchester launched two boats to try and save the men from the Princess Louisa, but the sea was too high to get close and they had to pull away from the reef, while the men on the wreck despairingly “waved their hats and called to us, but we could not distinguish what they said.” A second attempt was equally unsuccessful and, by now, the upper works of the Princess Louisa had all been washed away and there was not a man to be seen. Reluctantly, the Winchester hoisted in her boats and set sail again, “there being no possibility of saving anything.” Reports on the condition and location of the wreck convinced the East India Company that salvage was unlikely to be successful, though they were prepared to sign a contract on terms very favorable to the salvors with a private syndicate headed by the ship’s own husband, Thomas Hall. The syndicate fitted out a galley and a sloop, both well armed, in an expedition designed to combine privateering with the salvage of the Princess Louisa. However, they were unsuccessful in both ventures, and one of their vessels was captured by the French on the way home and taken into Bayonne, thus leaving the treasure of the Princess Louisa to be discovered by Arqueonautas two and a half centuries later. Recovery Report The Princess Louisa wreck is located at the northeast end of the Baixo de Galeao on the north coast of Maio Island, Cape Verde, two and a half miles from the coast. The normal conditions of the sea in this area are exceptionally rough. Big waves come from the north and northeast and break with all their strength on the reef. Also strong tidal currents are present running to the NE or SW. The access to the site is rather dangerous and can be done only in small boats, taking a great deal of precaution with waves that rise suddenly and can capsize the boats. The seabed in that place is made of volcanic rocks and is mostly flat, almost all the way up to the reef. The nucleus of the wreck is a pile of iron and lead bars surrounded by cannons and small guns and is the northern point of reference, with the exception of an anchor that is 005º and 177m away. In total there are 20 big iron cannons (six of them mixed with the iron and lead bars), 19 small cannon (approximately) and two anchors. A few meters to the south (8m) of this pile is a gully that ends in a small wall running almost east-west. In this gully were found the majority of the silver-coin clumps and lead shot. This “wall” made a very effective mechanical barrier that stopped most of the heavy objects and concentrated them inside the gully. Continuing to the south and over the “wall” is a shallow flat bottom that falls gently until 6m depth and continues like that for the next 100m. The elephant tusks area is 337m at 201º from the iron pick pile, but in between these two sites we found the debris of a modern steel wreck. As the Princess Louisa site is under very adverse meteorological conditions most of the time, with waves of 3-4m and very strong tide currents during summer and winter, we could confirm that most of the light objects of this wreck were washed away and destroyed during the last 200 years.

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The first excavation on this wreck was done in 1998, when the majority of the coin clumps and the few visible artifacts were recovered. In the season of 1999 a grid system was set in order to excavate as carefully as possible and avoid missing small artifacts or little areas. Each grid was 25m2 area (5m x 5m) and oriented according to the geographical coordinates. Two grids were set simultaneously and moved only when the whole area inside the grid was already searched and excavated; the next placement was just besides the previous grid. The entire area of the wreck was covered with this system, and special interest was taken in the south of the gully, where most of the objects were found in 1998. Many single coins and lead shot were found under the rocks as well as fragments of glass and some glazed pottery. The excavation was done from the main iron pile to the south and going SE and SW (downwind) until the occurrence of artifacts was null even deep in the sediment. A systematic metal detection was performed in the main area of finds and in the edges of the scattering area without interesting readings. A wide survey was done to the northeast and southwest and no new evidence of the wreck was found. Apart from the silver coins, not many artifacts were found from this wreck. The main area of coin clumps and lead shot was the gully in the south of the iron pile. In this gully the seabed was literally covered with coin clumps and lead shot (bird shot mainly) and in the west end of this place were found most of the bottles and fragments of glass of the wreck. The birdshot were scattered from the iron pile (and surrounding it) until the “wall” in the south, and very few were found over the “plateau” after the wall. In the area of the anchor, where the sediment is deeper, were found the personal belongings (knife handles and pieces of jewelry) and the Seville coins (round milled dollars, very different from the cobs in the rest of the area). It is interesting to note that the Sevillian coins were not mixed with the cobs and this suggests they were stored in a different place on the ship or at least in different boxes. The elephant tusks were quite well concentrated in the area to the SW and very few were found in the cannons area. A wide scattering of elephant tusks was present going downwind (SW) and some tusks were found even on the coast (2.4 miles away), according to information from local fishermen. A total of approximately 45,000 silver coins and 181 elephant tusks were recovered from the Princess Louisa wreck site.

Le Dromadaire (1762), code name VIC-004 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

February 19, 1762 São Vicente Island, Cape Verde 520 Tons

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

French East Indiaman France to India 77

Historical Information Le Dromadaire belonged to the French East India Company and was built in Nantes in 1758. Under the command of Captain Joseph Le Houx, she departed from the Port of Lorient in the company of Le Berryer and Le Massiac on February 6, 1762, with a total of 154 people on board. She was a ship of 520 tons, carrying 20 guns, 1000 cannon balls and a chest of silver. Le Gentil wrote in his diary Voyages (II, 697): The Dromadaire French East Indiaman of 520 tons monted of 20 canons sailed from Lorient at the end of 1761 under captain Joseph le Hou, with the Massiac captain de Vinselou. The ships sailed between the Cap Verde Islands. M. Vinselou made signel to the Dromadaire before night came asking him to change his tract. The weather was strong and foggy. The Dromadaire did not see the signal and thought to be much off the coast of St. Vicent on which she was lost. Only 77 persons were saved. The crew was salvaged by a Dutch ship that sailed to Cap of Good Hope.

Indeed, due to a political rupture between Spain and Britain, Le Dromadaire was asked to take a different course from the norm in order to avoid possible interceptions. After passing the Tropic of Cancer, captain Le Houx changed Le Dromadaire’s course to pass to the west of the Cape Verde Islands, separating from Le Massiac, which stayed on her original course. Due to bad weather conditions the two ships soon lost sight of each other. As the weather worsened, navigational instruments were of no use and the ship’s position was based on estimates. Even though night watches and lookout duties were intensified, by the morning of February 19 Le Dromadaire was so close to land that the breakers could be heard. As panic spread among the crew, orders were not followed and maneuvers to save Le Dromadaire could not be executed. Within seven minutes she was carried against the dangerous reef of the Island of São Vicente by the violent currents and broke in two. A Dutch ship was able to save 77 people. A letter of the Governor of Cape Verde dated February 19 found in the archives (AHU Cabo-Verde, Caixa 28, dossier 27, dated March 20, 1764) describes the following: I was charged to give assistance to the crew of the French ship lost on the coast of São Vicente about 60 leagues from here, and to try to recover the cargo. I was only informed that the crew was salvaged with boats, which arrived at São Vicente and São Antão ... The wood salvaged from the wreck has been bought by the bishop and people say that the chest in which the silver was loaded was lost on the seabed. The French told me that they tried several times to salvage the chest but without success because it was too deep…

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Original text in Portuguese: Mmo Emxmo Snrº Francisco (xxx) e Mendonça Furtado ... No mais diligencias de que fui encarregado como são o de dar providencia á gente e carga do Navio Francez que deu á costa na ilha se S.Vicente por ser distante secenta léguas desta ilha só pude alcançar que a gente toda se tem retirado nalgumas enbarcações que tem aportado naquelas ilhas de S. Vicente, e Santo Antão vizinha da dita, e a sua carga veio e um Navio Francez a conduzir parte della e vender as madeiras do dito Navio, e parte dellas comprou o Bispo destas ilhas, e se diz que o Cofre em que vinha algum dinheiro está no fundo. Os Francezes me dizem tem vindo fazer varias diligencias pello tirarem e o não tem conseguido porquanto é muito fundo.... (Xxxx) de Sousa e Brito Figueiredo

Recovery Report The Dromadaire wreck site was found on the 22nd of January of 1996 during a survey of San Vicente Island. The ship had smashed against the coast and so the parallel scattering field is 68 meters long from G19 (northern end) to G27 (southern end). Going to the east, the wreck’s debris starts at a depth of 2m, just under the shore, and finishes 55 meters away, at a depth of 17.5m at the eastern end of a deep gully. The team counted 19 cannons and “recovered a semi precious stone that has clearly been cut from a ring, copper sheathing and a gold coin dated 1760.”

Count Ernst Schimmelmann (1781), code name MAI-010 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

April 24, 1781 Maio Island, Cape Verde 1400 Tons

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

Danish East Indiaman Denmark to China None

Historical Information Carl Schimmelmann came from Germany to Denmark in 1761 to help the government with economic policy and soon bought estates in Denmark at Abrensburg and Wandsbek in Holstein and at Lindenburg and Gudumholm, as well as the Berckentin Palace in Broadstreet in the capital. He also purchased estates in St. Croix and the largest sugar refinery in Copenhagen. He completed his business empire by establishing a munitions factory in North Zealand and acquired a monopoly to supply weapons to Danish overseas possessions. The Schimmelmann family thus became one of the richest in Denmark. Carl’s son Ernst took over the whole business in 1782 and at one time owned 1000 slaves in the West Indies. He was heavily involved in the prohibited Gold Coast slave trade. The unnamed Danish East Indiaman of 1400 tons was under the command of Count Ernst Schimmelmann, whose name was therefore given to the ship as reported in Lloyd’s List. She is referred to as an outward-bound vessel and was said to have been lost in April of 1781 on the Isle of Maio. The crew was saved before the ship sank. The Schimmelmann was one of the largest ships afloat, but research on Danish naval construction is still scarce. None of the ship’s wooden structure survived, and as no bronze fastenings were found, it is supposed that the ship was constructed with iron bolts. It was hoped that the dense pile of iron guns and iron bars might have limited micro-biological decay of the underlying wood and preserved the keelson or keel, but limited penetration below the iron cargo was unrewarding. Therefore, Arqueonautas was able to discover only limited information about the ship-building techniques behind this Danish East Indiaman. The Danish East Indiaman commanded by Ernst Schimmelmann was believed to be outward bound from Denmark to China. Also referred to as “Grev Ernst Schimmelmann,” the ship was 1400 tons and carrying a cargo of 114 iron guns. On board the Danish ship was an important cargo of rare Swedish copper plate money. In 1644, due to the shortage of silver but an abundance of copper, the Swedish government decided to issue large copper coins minted as plates, based on silver denominations, with enough copper that their bullion value would reflect their circulating value. Each plaque bears a stamp in the middle indicating the denomination, plus four more stamps (one in each corner) with the dates along with the ruler’s monogram. Some earlier examples also have secondary countermarks applied in the early 18th century. From 1644 until 1759 these plate coins were issued in denominations of ½, 1, 2 and 4 Dalers, and in the first few years there were 8-Daler examples that can be very large and must have been very difficult to use. In fact, the longest coin produced with Swedish copper plates measured 1 foot by 2 feet (30 cm by 60 cm), and weighed about 20 pounds (9 Kg). In 1777 the Swedish copper plate money was demonetized and the Swedish government gathered them up and sold them as scrap metal. Many were sent to the Orient, where there was a good market for the copper, being carried as ballast in the ships. This maybe explains why the plate money on board the Schimmelmann was mixed with the ballast iron bars and why she was bound for China. Previously the only known recovered wreck to have carried these unique Swedish coins of the 18th Century was the Nicobar, a Danish East Indiaman that wrecked on her outbound voyage in 1783 with eight tons of copper plates as cargo and ballast, intended for the eastern trade. This first find of a cargo of over 5,000 pieces of rare plate money took place off the coast of South Africa. All of the plates recovered from the Schimmelmann wreck were marked with the Avesta mintmarks and the dates range from 1710-1754. The face value varied and included ½ Daler, 1 Daler, 2 Daler and 4 Daler coins. Coins of this type were cancelled as legal

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currency in 1777, so the shipment on board the Schimmelmann must represent cargo being exported to East India for its value as metal only. The Danish East Indiaman commanded by Count Schimmelmann was reported lost on April 24, 1781, off the Isle of Maio, Cape Verde. The wreck is located inside the Baía de Galeão on the north coast of Maio, approximately 800 meters from the coast and on a flat rocky bottom. Most wrecks in Cape Verde were scattered and destroyed, and the Arqueonautas diving team were thus left with the task of recording a debris field of cultural material surviving in gullies and rock crevices. The wreck of the Schimmelmann was completely different. Driven ashore in a shallow bay in April 1781, the crew were rescued without loss of life and the timbers from the ship were recovered. Archived documents states “most of the goods were salvaged (silver and personal belongings), then inventoried and later auctioned.” The bishop Fr. Francisco Bispo of Cape Verde bought the wood (timbers) of the ship to build a new church in Ilha de Maio. When the Schimmelmann wrecked, most of the super-structure would have been above sea level and the recovery of silver and personal items from the cabins and the upper deck would have been easy. The heavy cargo of cast iron guns, small bronze signal guns, round and flat bars of iron and cases of Swedish copper plate money, however, remained in the hold. This cargo survived, largely in situ, until the Arqueonautas team discovered the site in 1999. Recovery Report Arqueonautas found the Schimmelmann wreck on August 12, 1999 during a systematic visual survey off the North coast of Maio. The wreck lies above the seabed in 6 m of water on a flat sandy bottom and, unlike most inshore sites in Cape Verde, the sea there is relatively calm. Although no wood survived, the distribution of objects within the hold provided clear evidence of the careful and methodological stacking of the heavy items. First the team measured the cargo of iron cannons. There were five rows of approximately 20 cannons per row. Each cannon measured between 1.5 meters and 3 meters in length, the smallest ones in the stern section. Under the iron bars of the stern section, the team made a very interesting find. A cargo of copper plaques were mixed with cannon balls and the iron bars. After recovering the first small group of plaques for identification purposes, the team realized that they were Swedish copper plate money, very rare artifacts. There were 538 registered finds of single copper plates or groups of plates, and a total of 846 copper plates were recovered in scattered groups or as single isolated plates. All of the finds were photographed immediately after recovery, but marine encrustation made most of these photographs useless for identification. However, it did illustrate that many plates were fastened together in stacks or piles, with what was at first assumed to be a copper/iron corrosion product. Close examination in the laboratory revealed intentional layers of dried grass or hay compressed between many of the individual plates. Although cell degradation made it impossible to identify the exact species, it was clearly a grass and not a marine contaminant. No evidence of the container survived, although one wooden box containing plate money packed in straw was recovered from the wreck of the Nicobar. It is probable that the crates used on the Schimmelmann were of similar size. Many of the plates were recovered in groups or as collapsed stacks. The dates ranged widely within each group, and the stacks contained plates of different sizes and values. It was clear that all of the plates had been stored, probably in wooden crates, beneath the piles of iron bars. The excavation of this wrecksite took around two months, and the majority of the plate money was found on the east side of the wreck, almost reaching the stern section and mostly under the iron bars. The only actual stack of plaques was recovered beside gun G16, the rest scattered under the iron bars and mixed with cannon balls; some were also in the stern section and under the gudgeoning. In total the team recovered 807 pieces of plate money, approximately 85% of them in excellent condition. The main cargo of 114 cast iron guns and iron bars was left undisturbed in situ together with the ship’s cannons and the anchors in the hope that the wreck may, one day, become an underwater heritage trail. The pile of iron bars and cannons in the hold is still arranged much as it was loaded in 1781. A representative collection of the plate money and a selection of the bronze signal guns was left in the Cape Verde Islands, where it contributed to create a “Museum of the Sea” using a carefully selected collection of finds recovered by Arqueonautas. More detailed information on the archaeological operations on the Schimmelmann can be found in the dive logs, the archaeological diary, the surveyor’s book and the site plan, available at Arqueonautas Worldwide (www.arq.de, www.arqpublications.com).

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Hartwell (1787), code name BOA-007 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

May 24, 1787 Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde 938 tons

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

English East Indiaman UK to China None

Historical Information Launched amid much celebration, the Hartwell began its maiden voyage to China in February of 1787. It set out with an immensely rich cargo, which included 209,280 oz of fine silver. According to its owner, John Fiott, the Hartwell was the biggest ship of its kind in the service of the British East India Company. John Fiott’s brother was the captain and other family members were shareholders. The Hartwell soon ran into trouble. Gales put the ship behind schedule, and on May 20 a mutiny broke out. The cause of the rebellion was a refusal to extinguish lights. A survivor later reported that “knives were drawn, abusive language used and, after a struggle, three men were secured and clapped in irons.” Disorders continued to spread and before long 50 crewmembers were defying all orders from the officers. After three days the mutiny collapsed and the captain changed course for the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa, his intention being to hand over the mutineers to the governor there. After three sleepless nights because of disturbances, the ship’s officers accidentally ran the ship onto a reef northeast of the island of Boa Vista (or Boavista), in the Cape Verde Islands. It broke up quickly, and although all the crew was saved, the entire cargo was lost. Recovery Report The site of the Hartwell wreck off Boavista Island was made known to Arqueonautas by the Capeverdian government in 1996 and subsequently surveyed as well as partly excavated during the following operational seasons. Earlier salvage attempts by the English East India Company, who employed the Braithwaite brothers, took place between 1788 and 1791, and 97,650 silver dollars were reportedly recovered. Furthermore, over 40,000 coins were salvaged by pirate divers during Braithwaite’s periodic absence from the site. Despite this early salvage success a large quantity of dollars remained near the wreck, and from 1994 to 1996 the South African company Afrimar recovered further coins and artifacts before Arqueonautas was asked to survey the site. The large debris field left behind by Afrimar was first analyzed by Arqueonautas in 1997 with the help of a magnetometer survey, to allow for a structured documentation and recovery of the remaining artifacts during the 1998 and 1999 seasons. It was clear that there was no defined debris field that could be related to the deposition of the wreck and its breakup in the 18th century. However, during the following two seasons the location and context of all finds were recorded. It seems clear that before the 20th century intrusions, clusters of concretion might have yielded evidence of cargo-stowage and domestic and personal equipment used on board.

Lady Burgess (1806), code name VAL-002 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

April 19, 1806 João Valente Reef, Cape Verde 820 Tons

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

English East Indiaman UK to India 34 to 66

Historical Information The Lady Burgess belonged to the English East India Company and set sail for India at the beginning of April, 1806. She weighed 820 tons, carried 30 guns and a crew of 100 men. An account of her loss can be read in Captain Swinton’s logbook of the Lord Melville, a ship from the same fleet. In the early hours of April 20, 1806, both ships found themselves separated from their fleet and in great peril. Captain Swinton was able to turn his ship into deep waters; Lady Burgess, however, could not escape the breakers. Lord Melville’s logbook describes it thus: [By] daylight [they] saw a ship on the reef with his masts gone and sea breaking over her. […] at 10 a.m. [she] was in the middle of the breakers, at 11 the wreck disappeared.

During the three hours of hardship, longboats were sent out and a large part of the crew could be saved. There is no indication in the Commerce Journal of the East India Company that the Lady Burgess was carrying bullion. Her cargo consisted of iron, lead and general merchandise. So far there is also no knowledge of any earlier salvage attempts for the Lady Burgess.

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Recovery Report João Valente reef is almost halfway between the islands of Maio and Boa Vista in the Cape Verde Islands. The wreck is located at the southeast end of this reef (15 48 16.1 N, 23 08 47.0 W). A pile of lead bars and several rudder pintles and gudgeons surrounding it were the first objects spotted that clearly defined the site as a shipwreck. A more careful inspection guided our team to four concreted areas of iron bars and scattered iron blocks. With further survey of the area, our team located another section of the wreck consisting of several cannons and anchors trapped inside deep craters, at 150 meters to the west of the lead pile. The debris field of this ship is scattered in a wide area of 200m from the pintle P3 (the easternmost point) to the iron hook (the westernmost point) and runs almost east-west. There are only a few spots slightly away from the main scattering course. The debris to the north and the south is very small (70m in the wider area) compared to the main displacement’s vector of heavy objects. Due to the very wide scattering of the evidence, the wreck was divided in two main areas: · Area #1: stern section, pintles, gudgeons, lead and iron bars · Area #2: bow section, cannons, anchors, cannon balls, concretions

Santo Andre (1856), code name BOA-006 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

July 15, 1856 Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Unknown

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

Spanish “Galera” Unknown None

Historical Information The Santo Andre was a Spanish galera with a cargo of bottles and coins. It sank on July 25, 1856, off the Island of Boavista. There is a report on the wreckage in a work published in 1909 on the shipwrecks in Cape Verde from 1842 to 1908 by Sevéro António Fortes in Liga Naval Portuguesa, Boletim Maritimo publicado pelo Conselho Geral, Série VIII, nº 3. So far Arqueonautas has been unable to discover any further history of this ship. Arqueonautas does not have a concrete historical report on the wreckage conditions. Recovery Report The Santo Andre site was located by Arqueonautas on July 21, 1996. A detailed survey was performed, but with only limited area excavation.

“Rombos Wreck” (early 1800s), code name BRV-006 Wreck Data Date: Location: Weight:

19th Century Brava Island, Cape Verde Unknown

Ship type: Route: Casualties:

19th Century English Trader Unknown Unknown

Historical Information Arqueonautas was unable to discover the identity and history of this ship. As the “Rombos Wreck” is an unidentified shipwreck, Arqueonautas does not have a concrete historical report on the wreckage conditions. Recovery Report The Arqueonautas team found the wrecksite BRV-006 in February 2001 at 350 degrees to the NW (317 degrees) of BRV-007 and named the site “Rombos Wreck” after the series of rocky islets known as the Rombos Islands north and northeast of Brava. In September of the same year a survey was performed on BRV-006 locating a cargo of tin ingots, cutlery, and wine bottles, as well as two cannons, two anchors and a pile of ballast iron bars.

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GOLD COBS Mexico City, Mexico

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1711, oXMJ, “1712 style” cross. S-M30. 26.6 grams. Very crude planchet lamination on obverse (as made), doubled cross, clear details, XF+ with coral in crevices. From the 1715 Fleet, with Cobb Coin Co. (Mel Fisher) photocertificate #200292. Estimate: $3,500-$4,750.

5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (1714), oMJ, Mint State. S-M30. 13.5 grams. Lustrous Mint State (probably MS-64 or better), full cross and shield (the latter slightly doubled), choice full crown, bold denomination. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

6. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, 17(14)J, encapsulated NGC MS-66. S-M30. Choice Mint State (per slab grade), with nice full cross, nearly full shield, full oMJ, partial date, very crisp and lustrous surfaces. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714, oMJ. S-M30. 26.9 grams. Full bold cross and shield, nice details, AU with spots of rich red toning and bits of coral in crevices. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000. 7. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (1714)J, encapsulated NGC MS-64. S-M30. Nice Mint State, with choice full shield and cross, full oMJ, all well-centered and crisply detailed as usual. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,750-$3,750.

3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, (17)15, oM(J). S-M30. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU+ with nice full cross, full but slightly doubled shield, most of crown, clear date. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000.

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Philip V or Louis I, oMD (1724-28), very rare. 26.9 grams. Small, thick flan with nearly full shield, full cross with ornaments in dimples of tressure, lightly polished VF. Estimate: $3,500-$4,750.

8. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714), (oMJ). S-M30. 3.4 grams. Full cross and shield, bold denomination •I•, lustrous and choice UNC with spots of red toning. From the 1715 Fleet, with original hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate #M1EXX103 from 1966 and recent Taffi Fisher-Abt photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,750$2,500.

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Cuzco, Peru

9. Cuzco, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1698M. S-CZ1. 6.7 grams. Small, thick flan with nice cross (partially flat), off-center pillars, AU with some sediment. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Lima, Peru

10. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, mounted in 18K yellowgold pendant. S-L28. 43.0 grams. Nice full cross, full but doubled pillars, XF+, in big custom mounting. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #1715-272. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000.

11. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M. S-L28. 27.0 grams. Oblong planchet with nice full pillars-and-waves, full but off-center cross, some bold legend, XF+ with sediment on fields. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$8,000.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

12. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1716M, first year of dots for lines. S-L28. 26.9 grams. Good full cross, most of king’s name in legend, bold pillars and (especially) waves, lustrous and high grade (AU). Possibly from the Loosdrecht, sunk in 1719 off the south of England, pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #1 (lot #15). Estimate: $5,000-$7,000.

13. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1727M. S-L28b. 26.8 grams. Very bold full cross (with crossbars on sides oddly misaligned), full pillars with nice tops, doubled near the bottom, bold king’s ordinal V in legend, lightly toned XF. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

14. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1750R, encapsulated NGC XF40. S-L31. Bold mintmark and denomination on otherwise doubled pillars side, full but off-center cross with second date below (unique to this issue), full king’s ordinal VI in legend, small and thick flan, AXF, desirable shipwreck provenance. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $6,250-$7,250.

15. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1711M, choice grade. S-L28. 6.7 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves, full cross, some bold legend, near Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000. 16. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1727M, very rare. S-L28b. 6.1 grams. Full cross, full but off-center pillars, date in legend as “ANO 27,” polished Fine with edge rounded from jewelry. Estimate: $2,500-$3,000.

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Bogotá, Colombia

17. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1635 (bold date), N•R•A• to left. S-B20. 6.8 grams. Choice bold date, full shield and cross (the latter off-center), lightly polished XF (formerly mounted) with natural notch in edge. From the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636), with Meyer & Co. certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 18. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)636, N•R•A• to left. SB20. 6.7 grams. Oddly rectangular planchet, choice full shield, full cross with especially bold and complete tressure, clear 36 of date. From the “Mesuno hoard” (ca. 1636). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

19. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II, 166?R. S-B21a. 6.8 grams. Clear 16 of date followed by what looks like the bottom of a 5, but obverse legend begins with a clear C for CAROLVS, making it post-1665, a scarce period that does not have any known gold-cob wrecks associated with it. Full and choice cross with lots of contrasting encrustation in the crevices (AU grade), the shield also nearly full and well-detailed, with most of crown and peripheral detail. From an unidentified wreck or hoard. Estimate: $1,650$1,950. 20. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1699. S-B24. 6.7 grams. Choice full cross and shield with dark sediment in crevices, clear date (bottom half of 169 and tail of final 9), scarce, AU. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$2,500.

21. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1705. S-B24. 6.7 grams. Choice full date (rare thus), big flan with much variation in thickness (resulting in flat spots), full shield, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) photo-certificate #NCB3379MO. Estimate: $2,500-$3,250. 22. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, choice Mint State. S-B24. 6.7 grams. Lustrous Mint State with choice full cross and nearly full shield (slightly doubled), both very welldefined and lustrous, somewhat oddly shaped flan with sharp edges. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$2,500.

23. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, rare error struck from 1E dies. S-B24. 6.7 grams. Very thick flan with tiny cross (full but off-center) that is the right size for a 1 escudo but with the “scissors-type” ornaments that are more typical for the 2E (most 1E have simple x’s), but the nearly full shield is also smaller than normal for a 2E, and the overall diameter of the coin is too small as well (but correct weight), lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with Cobb Coin Co. photo-certificate and tag #3294. Estimate: $2,000-$2,500. 24. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II. S-B24. 6.7 grams. Broad, round planchet with full cross and shield, lustrous and high grade (AU+) with very sharp edges, a little concave as made. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,750-$2,250.

25. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1734, mintmark F to left, assayer M to right. S-B26. 6.7 grams. Bold 173 and certain 4 of date, nice full shield, full and typically tiny cross, XF with lots of sediment on fields. Estimate: $1,200-$1,500.

Seville, Spain

26. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic P to left. CT-11. 13.4 grams. Choice high grade (lustrous AU) on big flan with full shield and cross, some bold legend. Estimate: $2,500$3,250.

27. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, 1597/6B. CT-unlisted (cf 17). 13.4 grams. Big planchet with nice full shield, full cross and bold tressure, bold S-oIIII-B to left and date to right, nicely toned XF+ with small edge-split, rare (unlisted) overdate. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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28. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic P to left. CT-51. 6.7 grams. Perfectly round and high grade (lustrous UNC), nice full cross and shield, very well detailed. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000. 29. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (16)11, assayer not visible. 6.7 grams. Bold full shield and cross but otherwise flat and apparently struck from rusty dies, still high grade (lustrous UNC) and with clear 11 of date in legend. Estimate: $1,250-$1,750. 30. Seville, Spain cob 2 escudos, (1)619(G). CT-33. 6.6 grams. Bold bottom half of 619 of date, bold mintmark S, full cross, most of shield, smallish planchet, VF+ with flat spots (a bit crude), identical to Atocha specimens that sell in five figures. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

WORLD GOLD COINS Bolivia (Republic)

Chile (colonial)

31. Potosí, Bolivia, ½ escudo, 1841LR. KM-104. 1.7 grams. Lustrous UNC with a few flan flaws as made. Estimate: $200-$300. 33. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, 1750J. KM-3. 27.0 grams. Typical wreck specimen with sediment in crevices, lustrous AU with lightly buffed fields, better bust than most but with usual weakness in shield. The sediment on this coin is dark, in fact black in places, which could be evidence to support the theory that these coins were being smuggled in the powder magazine of the ship. From the Luz (1752), with original auction lot-tag (Sotheby’s, 1993, lot #676). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 32. Potosí, Bolivia, ½ escudo proclamation medal, 1854. 1.7 grams. BU, no problems, listed in Fonrobert reference as #9591. Estimate: $100-$200.

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34. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1792DA. KM54. 26.9 grams. Obverse AXF (weak bust), reverse AU-, lustrous, nice for issue. Estimate: $1,200-$1,500.

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Chile (Republic)

35. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1796DA. KM-54. 26.9 grams. VF+ with reddish toning, weak centers, some old marks and rim weak in places. Estimate: $1,100$1,650.

36. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812FJ, lustrous XF with scratches. KM-78. 26.7 grams. Highly lustrous AU+ with hairline scratches, off-center strike. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

37. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1816FJ. KM-78. 26.8 grams. Nice VF+ with hairline flan crack, part of shield weak, toned around details, off-center obverse. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

38. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1817FJ. KM-78. 27.0 grams. Nice AXF with old hairline scratch on bust, part of shield weak, light toning. Estimate: $1,100$1,650.

39. Santiago, Chile, 8 escudos, 1834IJ. KM-84. 26.9 grams. VF with a few trivial rim-bruises and lamination, toned around details. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

40. Santiago, Chile, un peso, 1860. problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-133. 1.5 grams.

BU, no

41. Santiago, Chile, un peso, 1860. KM-133. 1.6 grams. BU, spots of red toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

Colombia (colonial)

42. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1773VJ. KM50.1. 26.8 grams. Well-struck VF with trivial marks, light rosy toning, part of rim weak. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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43. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1795JJ. KM62.1. 26.8 grams. Highly lustrous XF+, no problems. Estimate: $1,200-$1,600.

47. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1786SF, encapsulated NGC AU-50. KM-49.2a. Very lustrous but with some wear in centers (AU-), no problems. Estimate: $500-$750.

Colombia (United States)

44. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1803JF, lustrous XF with weak centers. KM-62.2. 26.9 grams. Orange-toned XF with weak shield, highly lustrous near rim, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

48. Medellín, Colombia, un peso, 1863. KM-146.1. 1.6 grams. Nice XF, no problems. Estimate: $500-$750.

49. Medellín, Colombia, un peso, 1872/1. KM-156. 1.6 grams. Lightly red-toned XF+, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300. 45. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812JF. KM-66.2. 26.9 grams. AXF with weakness and adjustment marks at bottom of shield, nice rims (reverse slightly off-center), contrasting toning. Estimate: $1,100-$1,650.

46. Popayán, Colombia, bust 4 escudos, Charles III, 1779SF. KM-44. 13.4 grams. Obverse AVF, reverse XF, nice flan, light red toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

Costa Rica (Central American Republic)

50. Costa Rica, Central American Republic, ½ escudo, 1846JB. Lustrous XF+, no problems. Estimate: $275$350. KM-13.1. 1.6 grams.

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51. Costa Rica, lion counterstamp (Type VI, 1849-1857) on Central American Republic ½ escudo, 1848JB. KM-80. 1.5 grams. Counterstamp AU on date side, VF on other (concave), host AXF, lustrous and lightly toned, popular issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

55. Costa Rica, 2 colones, 1900. KM-139. 1.6 grams. BU with much luster, light toning. Estimate: $90-$135.

Costa Rica (Republic)

56. Costa Rica, 2 colones, 1915. KM-139. 1.5 grams. Lustrous XF+ with marks on rim. Estimate: $75-$110.

52. Costa Rica, ½ escudo, 1851JB. KM-97. 1.5 grams. Lightly toned VF+, trivial rim-bumps. Estimate: $80-$120.

53. Costa Rica, ½ escudo, 1864JB. KM-97. 1.6 grams. Nice XF, no problems. Estimate: $125-$200.

Great Britain

57. London, England, noble, Henry V (1413-1422). Fr-109. 5.9 grams. Lustrous AU-, very lightly clipped (91 grains), typically well detailed (no doubling), most of legend readable. From an early1400s wreck off the south of England, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

54. Costa Rica, un peso, 1866. KM-107.1. 1.4 grams. Lustrous, toned, VF+. Estimate: $80-$120.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

58. London, England, 5 guineas, William and Mary, 1692, QVINTO on edge. Sp-3422. 41.5 grams. Problem-free AXF with very high catalog value (£7500 in VF, per Spink) for the QVINTO regnal year. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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59. London, England, guinea, William and Mary, 1694. Sp-3426. 8.3 grams. Beautifully red-toned VF, no problems. Estimate: $600$900.

60. London, England, sovereign, Victoria, 1848. Sp-3852C. 7.9 grams. Typical lustrous AU with desirable wreck provenance. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $350-$500.

63. London, England, sovereign, Victoria, 1898. Sp-3874. 7.9 grams. VF+ with a few edge-nicks, scarce early specimen from a very desirable shipwreck provenance with very old promotional packaging. From the Egypt (1922), with Lloyd’s leather box and small certificate signed by the Chairman of Lloyd’s and dated 1932. Estimate: $700-$900.

61. London, England, sovereign, Victoria, 1849. Sp-3852C. 8.0 grams. Typical lustrous AU with desirable wreck provenance. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $350-$500.

62. London, England, sovereign, Victoria, 1856. Sp-3852D. 8.0 grams. Highly lustrous AU+, desirable wreck provenance. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $350-$500.

64. London, England, sovereign, George V, 1911. Sp-3996. 8.0 Lustrous Mint State, very desirable shipwreck provenance with very old promotional packaging. From the Egypt (1922), with Lloyd’s leather box and hand-signed certificate from 1932. Estimate: $750-$1,000. grams.

Guatemala 65. Guatemala, un peso, 1859R, Rafael Carrera. KM-179. 1.6 grams. Lustrous AU-, no problems, yellow color. Estimate: $150-$225.

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70. English East India Co., ½ mohur (1819). KM-568. 3.9 grams. Lustrous Mint State with trivial marks, desirable shipwreck provenance. From the Fame (sunk in 1822 off South Africa), with hand-signed tag from the Past President of the S(outh) A(frican) Numismatic Soc(iety). Estimate: $250-$375. 66. Guatemala, un peso, 1859R, Rafael Carrera. KM-179. 1.7 grams. Choice XF+, red-toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

Mexico (colonial)

67. Guatemala, 4 reales, 1860R, Rafael Carrera. KM-136. 0.8 gram. Very tiny coin, nice XF, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

Honduras

68. Honduras, copper pattern for gold 5 pesos, 1908/888. KMunlisted. 4.2 grams. Rare, AVF, medium brown color, an apparently unlisted pattern in copper for KM-53. Estimate: $500-$750.

India (Madras Presidency)

71. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1787FM. KM-156.2a. 27.0 grams. Attractive strike despite typical weakness in centers, lustrous (lightly polished) XF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

72. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 escudos, Philip V, 1738MF, plugged, VF. KM-135. 13.4 grams. Very attractive XF that was regrettably holed for jewelry (at 7 of date) and later plugged, else it would be a $4,000 coin. Pedigreed to the Eliasberg collection, with NCS photo-certificate stating “VF details, plugged, improperly cleaned.” Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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69. English East India Co., mohur (1819). Fr-567. 11.6 grams. Lustrous AU- with trivial marks, desirable shipwreck provenance. From the Fame (sunk in 1822 off South Africa), with hand-signed tag from the Past President of the S(outh) A(frican) Numismatic Soc(iety). Estimate: $350-$500.

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Mexico (colonial/Republic)

76. Mexico City, Mexico, 50 pesos, 1947 miniature reproduction in 8K gold. 0.4 gram. BU, marked COPY as not an official issue. Estimate: $25-$40.

73. Presentation set of “EARLY MEXICAN GOLD DOLLAR SIZE TYPES” in hard-plastic case: ½ escudo 1816JJ (“BUST”), ½ escudo 1854GC (“LAW”) and 1 peso 1882M (“PESO”). 3" x 3". The 1816 is About Fine, the 1854 is VF+, and the 1882 is Mint State, a cute little set that shows how the designs of the Mexican coins evolved throughout the 1800s while still retaining the same size and weight. Estimate: $400-$600.

77. Mexico City, Mexico, ½ onza, 1994. KM-589. 1.6 grams. Choice BU, really a bullion issue but in keeping with the “small coin” theme of this auction. Estimate: $50-$75.

Netherlands (Habsburg) Mexico (Republic)

78. Zwolle, Netherlands, ducat, Albert and Isabel (1590-1597). Fr-210. 3.4 grams. Made in imitation of the popular Spanish excelente

74. Culiacan, Mexico, ½ escudo, 1863CE. KM-378. Lustrous UNC, no problems. Estimate: $300-$450.

1.7 grams.

of Ferdinand and Isabel of a century earlier, big flan with lots of legend, bold S between portraits, attractive red toning on the shield side, AXF. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

Mexico (United States)

Netherlands (United)

75. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 pesos, 1945. minor spots at rim. Estimate: $60-$90.

79. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1718. KM-7. 3.4 grams. Lustrous AU with slight bend in planchet, very clearly salvaged but not linked with any known wreck. From an unspecified shipwreck salvage. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-461. 1.7 grams.

BU,

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Peru (Republic)

80. Cuzco, Peru, ½ escudo, 1826GM. KM-146.2. 1.7 grams. Nice XF+ with sediment in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300.

83. Seville, Spain, bust ½ escudo, Philip V, 1743PJ. KM-361.2 1.7 grams. Lustrous XF+, no problems. Estimate: $175-$250.

Spain

81. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Philip V, 1737JF. KM-342. 3.3 grams. Broad-flan VF+ with dark toning around details, brassy color, no problems, scarce early issue. Estimate: $600-$900. 82. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1793MF. KM-434. 3.3 grams. Nice VF+ with rich red toning all over, quite pretty. Estimate: $225-$275.

84. Madrid, Spain, bust ½ escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1817GJ. KM492. 1.7 grams. Lustrous, red-toned XF, no problems. Estimate: $125$200.

SHIPWRECK INGOTS AND OTHER BULLION Gold

86. Natural gold nugget from the Arab/Indian trade (ca. 1200 AD). 7.3 grams, roughly ¾” x ½” x ¼”. Typically irregular nugget, very solid and high-grade, with lots of reddish clay in crevices. From an unidentified 12th/13th-century Arab/Moorish dhow sunk in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $400-$600. 87. Natural gold nugget shaped like the Zimbabwean bird, from the Arab/Indian trade (ca. 1200 AD). 5.7 grams, roughly ¾” x 7/16" x ¼”. Typically irregular nugget, very solid and high-grade, with lots of reddish clay in crevices, stated by the consignor to be very reminiscent in shape to the emblematic bird of Zimbabwe, whose origins date to the same time period when this nugget was being traded. From an unidentified 12th/13th-century Arab/Moorish dhow sunk in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $325-$475.

85. Cut end of an Anglo-Saxon gold ingot (ca. 800 AD). 18.63 grams, 1” long. We have had small silver ingots from the Viking area and time period, but this is the first gold piece we have ever seen, obviously cut from a similar bar of unknown length but about 3/8" wide and ¼” tall, of high grade and very smooth and rounded (not crude). It was found in England, traced to the Anglo-Saxons, and is undoubtedly quite rare and worth many times its melt value. With letter of provenance from the British Museum. Estimate: $1,200-$1,500.

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88. Natural gold nugget from the Arab/Indian trade (ca. 1200 AD). 4.9 grams, roughly ½” x ½” x ¼”. Typically irregular nugget, very solid and high-grade, with red and black sediment in crevices. From an unidentified 12th/13th-century Arab/Moorish dhow sunk in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $300-$450.

89. Natural gold nugget from the Arab/Indian trade (ca. 1200 AD). 4.1 grams, roughly 7/16" x 7/16" x 1/8". Typically irregular nugget, very solid and high-grade, with lots of red and tan sediment in crevices. From an unidentified 12th/13th-century Arab/Moorish dhow sunk in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $250-$375. 90. Natural gold nugget from the Arab/Indian trade (ca. 1200 AD). 3.9 grams, roughly ½” x 5/16" x ¼” Typically irregular nugget, very solid and high-grade, with lots of reddish clay in crevices. From an unidentified 12th/13th-century Arab/Moorish dhow sunk in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa, with certificate from the diver. Estimate: $225-$350.

91. Long, coral-encrusted gold bar #43, 17¼K, one end cut, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 1050 grams, about 8½” x ½” x 11/16". A straight, near-complete bar (just a small piece of one end cut in its time, the other end rounded) with white coral covering on about 40% of the surface (something you never see from other wrecks), the three fineness markings (each with XVII in one box and dot in another) all visible but two mostly covered with the coral, spots of red toning here and there. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $40,000-$50,000.

92. Long gold bar #33, 20K, one end cut, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 853 grams, 8" x 1" x ½”. A very straight, neat bar, complete except for a neat (sharp) cut at one end, bits of coral only in pits, fineness marked as XX in one box appearing four times, one of the markings stamped over a bubble hole in which a small gold flake protrudes in partially melted form. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $37,500-$47,500.

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93. Gold bar piece #I, 20K, cut at both ends, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 228 grams, about 4¼” x 13/16" x 5/16" Thinner, flatter ingot with crude cuts at both ends, two fineness markings with XX in single box, several hairline stress-cracks from the cutting process, a little yellower and shinier than most, desirable as one of the few smaller (hence more affordable) ingots from this wreck. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $13,000-$17,000.

94. Cut gold bar endpiece #VII, 19¼K, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 129 grams, 2" x 7/8" x 7/16". A neatly-cut “thumb” of gold (one end rounded) with clear fineness as XIX in one box and dot in another at the very tip, cleaned and devoid of encrustation, yellower and shinier than most, highly desirable as a small enough piece to have been used as a coin in its time, traditionally worth many times its melt value. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $7,500-$10,000.

95. Lot of many natural gold nuggets and a few small cut pieces, from the Espadarte (1558). 53.8 grams. A large lot (about 44 pieces, as large as ¾” and 6 grams each) of mostly natural, crystalline nuggets but also some obviously cut pieces of refined ingots, some with staining and coral from immersion, a fascinating assortment that can easily be split into smaller groups for resale or kept intact for an attractive display. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1105. Estimate: $2,250$3,250. 96. Lot of many natural gold nuggets and a few small cut pieces and beads, from the Espadarte (1558). 47 grams. Large lot of natural nuggets and a few cut pieces of refined ingots, even two tiny beads, all high grade and lightly encrusted with ocean sediment, none bigger than about 1 gram, over 100 pieces in all. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1274. Estimate: $1,750-$2,750. 97. Lot of gold dust and flakes and balls, from the Espadarte (1558). 30.8 grams. A large “pinch” of dust and natural flakes, plus a few tiny balls of refined gold, some with sediment, thousands of pieces in all. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1114. Estimate: $1,100-$1,600. 98. Large gold nugget with encrustation, from the Espadarte (1558). 26.9 grams, roughly 12/15" x 5/8" x 7/16". A single, large, somewhat round nugget or refined ingot with dark gray and white encrustation over most of the surface, probably traded as an erstwhile coin and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/ 02/1129. Estimate: $1,100-$1,600.

99. Small lot of natural gold nuggets and flakes, from the Espadarte (1558). 22.1 grams. Lot of 11 small pieces (none larger than 6.4 grams and about ½”) that appear to be mostly natural nuggets with a few cuttings or drippings from refining work, some with sediment, great lot for subdividing and promotion. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 1115. Estimate: $900-$1,300.

100. Pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 21.6 grams, roughly 1" wide and ¼” thick. Triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1034. Estimate: $850$1,250.

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101. Lot of gold dust and flakes and balls, from the Espadarte (1558). 19.0 grams. A goodly “pinch” of dust and natural flakes, plus a few tiny balls of refined gold, some with sediment, hundreds of pieces in all. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0893. Estimate: $800-$1,200. 102. Small lot of natural gold nuggets and flakes, from the Espadarte (1558). 17.3 grams. Lot of over 36 small pieces (none larger than 1.3 grams and about ½”) that appear to be mostly natural nuggets with a few cuttings or drippings from refining work, some with sediment, great lot for subdividing and promotion. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 1011. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

103. Rectangular corner-cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 13.8 grams, about 11/16" x 9/16" x ¼”. Rectangular corner-cut of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0952. Estimate: $550-$800. 104. Side-cut piece of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 8.2 grams. Squarish side-cut piece of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1271. Estimate: $350-$500. 105. Odd-shaped corner cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 7.9 grams, about 5/8" x ½” x 1/8". Irregularly-shaped cut of a pointed edge of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 1038. Estimate: $325-$475. 106. Pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 7.8 grams, about ½” wide and ¼” thick. Triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0953. Estimate: $300$450.

107. Irregular-shaped edge-cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 7.3 grams, roughly 7/8" x 7/16" x 1/8". Somewhat triangular with rounded edge, cut from a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM006/02/0934. Estimate: $285-$425. 108. Noodle-shaped cut gold ingot, from the Espadarte (1558). 7.1 grams, about 13/16" long and ¼” in diameter. Strangely noodle-shaped piece of refined and poured gold, undoubtedly intended as a coinlike unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 0894. Estimate: $275-$400. 109. Odd-shaped gold nugget, from the Espadarte (1558). 6.3 grams, roughly ½” x ½” x ¼”. Very irregular glob of gold, either a natural nugget or piece of refined and dripped gold, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM006/02/1109. Estimate: $250-$375. 110. Pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 4.9 grams, about ½” wide and ¼” thick. Triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0964. Estimate: $200$300.

111. Small lot of natural gold nuggets and flakes, from the Espadarte (1558). 4.8 grams. Lot of 9 small pieces (ranging from 0.2 to 1.0 grams each) that appear to be mostly natural nuggets with a few cuttings or drippings from refining work, some with sediment, great lot for subdividing and promotion. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 1045, 1244, 1111, 0905, 1175, 1128 and 1221. Estimate: $200$300. 112. Smooth gold “drop” ingot, from the Espadarte (1558). 4.7 grams, roughly 11/16" x ½” x 1/8". A mostly smooth, complete nugget of refined gold (“drop”), undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0930. Estimate: $175-$275. 113. Pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 4.3 grams, about ½” wide and ¼” thick. Irregular triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0933. Estimate: $165-$250.

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114. Small lot of natural gold nuggets and flakes, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.9 grams. Lot of 5 small pieces (ranging from 0.2 to 1.3 grams each) that appear to be mostly natural nuggets with a few cuttings or drippings from refining work, some with sediment, great lot for subdividing and promotion. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 0874. Estimate: $150-$225. 115. Rectangular interior cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.8 grams, roughly ½” x ¼” x 1/8". Rectangular cut from the interior of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 1272. Estimate: $150-$225. 116. Pie-shaped interior cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.8 grams, roughly 7/16" wide and 3/16" thick. Triangular cut from the interior of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 0883. Estimate: $150-$225. 117. Irregular edge-cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.7 grams, roughly ¾” x 3/8" x 1/8". Crude cut of the rounded edge of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0939. Estimate: $150-$225.

118. Irregular “blob” gold nugget, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.7 grams, roughly ½” x ½” x 1/8". Irregularly shaped mound of gold that is either a natural nugget or a drip of refined gold, loaded with reddish sediment and coral, undoubtedly used as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1275. Estimate: $150-$225. 119. Irregular “blob” gold nugget, from the Espadarte (1558). 3.2 grams, about 3/8" in diameter and 3/16" thick. Somewhat roundish mound of gold that is either a natural nugget or a drip of refined gold, loaded with gray sediment and coral, undoubtedly used as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/ 02/0913. Estimate: $125-$200. 120. Irregular pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 2.8 grams, about 3/8" wide and 1/8" thick. Irregular triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/ 0929. Estimate: $110-$175. 121. Irregular edge-cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 2.7 grams. Crude cut of the rounded edge of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/0941. Estimate: $110-$175.

122. Flat, irregular gold nugget “blob,” from the Espadarte (1558). 2.4 grams, about ½” in diameter and 1/16" thick. Flat, somewhat roundish mound of gold that is either a natural nugget or a drip of refined gold, with traces of sediment on surfaces, undoubtedly used as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM006/02/1123. Estimate: $100-$150. 123. Flaky gold nugget, from the Espadarte (1558). 2.1 grams, roughly 9/16" x 3/8" x 3/16". Flaky, crystalline piece of gold that is either a natural nugget or spray refined gold, loaded with white coral in its many crevices, undoubtedly used as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1112. Estimate: $90-$135.

124. Pie-shaped cut of a small gold disk, from the Espadarte (1558). 1.8 grams. Triangular “pie cut” of a small, thin, disk of refined gold, traces of sediment and coral on surface, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM006/02/1122. Estimate: $75-$110. 125. Noodle-shaped “drip” gold ingot, from the Espadarte (1558). 1.8 grams. Strangely noodle-shaped piece of refined and poured gold, undoubtedly intended as a coin-like unit and therefore of significant numismatic value. From the Espadarte (1558), with Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-006/02/1121. Estimate: $75-$110.

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126. Lot of over a dozen small, natural gold flakes and nuggets from the Santa Margarita (1622). 3.3 grams, the case 3¼” square. Mostly smooth and rounded but flat, these tiny, high-purity gold pieces were probably used as currency in the absence of small gold coins in any usable quantity, and as genuine, certified artifacts from a Fisher find they should command a good premium over their intrinsic value. From the Santa Margarita (1622), with Fisher tag and photo-certificate #00M-57341 and housed in a special plastic clamshell box. Estimate: $350-$500.

127. Lot of natural gold flakes and dust from the SS Central America (1857) in original Sotheby’s packaging. 31.1 grams. A large “pinch” of gold dust and flakes (some as long as ¼” but most no more than the size of a grain of sand), straight from the California Gold Rush, one of the few lots from the Sotheby’s auction that did not go to promoters who encapsulated them in 1.5-gram increments. From the SS Central America (1857), housed in original Sotheby’s 2" x 2" plastic box with auction-lot sticker #593 and blue-cloth Sotheby’s pouch. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Silver

128. Silver “tumbaga” bar #M-113, fineness 1400/2400 (58.3% pure), marked with four tax stamps (ca. 1528). 6.62 lb av, 10" x 3" x bar with four clear, partial tax stamps (circular) on the striated top of the bar (lots of flow lines, plus at least one deep crevice, usual “assayer’s bite” (commission) cut from one corner, the fineness marked on the bottom (slightly corroded surface) as IV in one box next to IIII in another box and either s’s or x’s in small boxes above and below, a very evenly molded bar that is actually a moldmate to four other bars that were found, including one that hammered for $6000 in our Treasure Auction #3 (bar #M-114, lot #88). From the “tumbaga” wreck, sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Island. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000. ¾”. A fascinating

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129. Lot of small cut pieces of silver ingots (“plata corriente”) from the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). 23.9 grams. Six small pieces ranging in size from 2.0 grams to 5.8 grams each. These small cut pieces of dark, mixed-purity silver (now more or less coralencrusted) are the first of these items we have ever seen from this popular wreck, and in fact they are unexpected since the “tumbaga” bars were mostly well-formed ingots and not the thin “splashes” from which these cut pieces must have originated. Small pieces such as these are known to have circulated in the colonial areas as erstwhile coins, and in fact there is much documentation about the illegality of these unmarked, untaxed “coins” and their subsequent acceptance and eventual replacement and eradication. They are very rare items today. From the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $200-$300.

130. Lot of small cut pieces of silver ingots (“plata corriente”) from the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). 23.4 grams. Five small pieces ranging in size from 1.9 grams to 9.7 grams each. These small cut pieces of dark, mixed-purity silver (now more or less coralencrusted) are the first of these items we have ever seen from this popular wreck, and in fact they are unexpected since the “tumbaga” bars were mostly well-formed ingots and not the thin “splashes” from which these cut pieces must have originated. Small pieces such as these are known to have circulated in the colonial areas as erstwhile coins, and in fact there is much documentation about the illegality of these unmarked, untaxed “coins” and their subsequent acceptance and eventual replacement and eradication. They are very rare items today. From the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $200-$300.

131. Lot of small cut pieces of silver ingots (“plata corriente”) from the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). 23.8 grams. Four small pieces ranging in size from 0.8 gram to 10.3 grams each. These small cut pieces of dark, mixed-purity silver (now more or less coral-encrusted) are the first of these items we have ever seen from this popular wreck, and in fact they are unexpected since the “tumbaga” bars were mostly well-formed ingots and not the thin “splashes” from which these cut pieces must have originated. Small pieces such as these are known to have circulated in the colonial areas as erstwhile coins, and in fact there is much documentation about the illegality of these unmarked, untaxed “coins” and their subsequent acceptance and eventual replacement and eradication. They are very rare items today. From the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $200-$300. 132. Lot of small cut pieces of silver ingots (“plata corriente”) from the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). 22.9 grams. Six small pieces ranging in size from 0.8 gram to 6.6 grams each. These small cut pieces of dark, mixed-purity silver (now more or less coral-encrusted) are the first of these items we have ever seen from this popular wreck, and in fact they are unexpected since the “tumbaga” bars were mostly well-formed ingots and not the thin “splashes” from which these cut pieces must have originated. Small pieces such as these are known to have circulated in the colonial areas as erstwhile coins, and in fact there is much documentation about the illegality of these unmarked, untaxed “coins” and their subsequent acceptance and eventual replacement and eradication. They are very rare items today. From the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $200-$300. 133. Single cut piece of a silver ingot (“plata corriente”) from the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). 12.4 grams, roughly 1½” x 7/8" x ¼”. A single, triangular cut silver piece of dark, mixed-purity silver (a bit worn and corroded), among the first of these items we have ever seen from this popular wreck, and in fact they are unexpected since the “tumbaga” bars were mostly well-formed ingots and not the thin “splashes” from which these cut pieces must have originated. Small pieces such as these are known to have circulated in the colonial areas as erstwhile coins, and in fact there is much documentation about the illegality of these unmarked, untaxed “coins” and their subsequent acceptance and eventual replacement and eradication. They are very rare items today. From the “tumbaga” wreck (ca. 1528). Estimate: $200-$300.

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134. Round silver “splash” ingot #19 from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 840 grams, about 5" in diameter and ½” thick. A typically corroded ingot of unknown (high) fineness, with obvious tax stamp (circular) near edge (the crowned C inside worn away), some dark encrustation, nicely round but with sharp edges. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

135. Oval silver “splash” ingot #18 from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). 395 grams, about 4½” to 6" in diameter, 1/8" thick. A very thin but even ingot, more or less oval with parts of edge irregular, faint tax stamp (circular) and fineness markings (in boxes), neither completely readable (fineness therefore unknown but presumably high). From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with certificate. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

136. Large silver bar #580 from the Atocha (1622). 83 lb 1.76 oz troy, over 15" long, 5" wide and over 3" tall. A very nicely marked bar for its grade (Class Factor 0.8), with manifest #IUVIII (1008), fineness 2380 (99.17% pure), V and diamond-topped H (owners/shippers?), tax stamps, even a part of the mint/date in cartouche (which should have ORUR above O1621), also special as originating from Oruro as opposed to Potosí (with characteristic assayer’s “bite” at end instead of on top, seen on only about 20% of the bars from the Atocha), minor corrosion only, typically shaped like a long loaf of bread, a premium ingot with all original certification. From the Atocha (1622), with original certificate #580 and plastic division tag. Estimate: $15,000-$20,000.

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137. Thick silver contraband disk, 96.25% fineness (estimated), from the 1733 Fleet. 1037 grams, 4" in diameter and ¾” thick. An evenlyformed dome of silver with significant bubble-holes on the bottom, completely unmarked (hence contraband), its fineness estimated from an assay done on another ingot found at the same time in the same place, nice dark silver color with some minor scuffing on the flat side exposing bright silver under the surface. From the Capitana El Rubí of the 1733 Fleet, pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #1 (lot #53). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

138. Contraband silver “wedge” ingot from the 1733 Fleet. 760 grams, about 4" radius, 2" tall. A nearly fully encrusted wedge of silver (fineness unknown), the usual form for contraband (as a whole “pie” of wedges fit neatly in the bottom of a barrel), the encrustation as much as 3/8" thick in places and showing small pieces of wood and iron in addition to shell bits, all dark in color, a great display. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

139. Neatly formed silver bar, marked with A (Amsterdam) and VOC (Dutch East India Co.) and billy goat (assayer/foundry mark), from the Rooswijk (1739). 1967 grams (63.25 troy oz), 6" x 1-5/ 8" x 1¼”. A typically well-made ingot, perfectly rectangular for a tight fit in the shipping chest (which is why they are so well preserved), also well marked with very deep and bold markings, also one end with typical depression and sliced down to the appropriate weight, some toning but virtually no corrosion. From the Rooswijk (1739), with original archeologists’ tag #RK04A0375. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

140. Neatly formed silver bar, marked with A (Amsterdam) and VOC (Dutch East India Co.) and billy goat (assayer/foundry mark), from the Rooswijk (1739). 1969 grams (63.31 troy oz), 6" x 1-5/ 8" x 1¼”. A typically well-made ingot, perfectly rectangular for a tight fit in the shipping chest (which is why they are so well preserved), also well marked with very deep and bold markings, also one end with typical depression and sliced down to the appropriate weight, some toning but virtually no corrosion. From the Rooswijk (1739), with original archeologists’ tag #RK04A0490. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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Copper 141. Rectangular copper bar for making Chinese bronze “cash” coins, from an unidentified Chinese wreck of the 1500s. 2378 grams (76.46 troy oz), 7" x 2¾” x 1". A molded bar with rounded edges, irregular surfaces (some deep pits), no markings, presumably made for the minting of “cash” coins, beautifully coated with green and white encrustation From an unidentified 1500s wreck in the South China Sea. Estimate: $400-$600.

142. Large, flat, oval copper ingot from the Atocha (1622). 40 lb av, 14½” x 9½” x 2". One of many huge “pigs” of copper found on the Atocha, this piece shows lovely encrustation on its irregular surfaces and comes with all the original Fisher paraphernalia that is typically lost when these ingots are used as doorstops in Key West. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #C085 and original plastic tag. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 143. Large, mounded copper ingot from the Atocha (1622). 32 A very dense, thick “pig” of copper, with curiously ear-shaped blob on top (partially unmelted artifact?), one of many found on the Atocha and distributed to investors far and wide who tend to use them as doorstops and subsequently lose the all-important Fisher certificate (present with this example). From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate #85A-131-1. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. lb av, roughly 11" x 9" x 4".

144. Well-molded copper ingot from the Benamain (1890). 16 lb av, 11½” x 2¾” x 2½”. Purposely-formed ingot with pointed-rectangular top and cylindrical cross-holes in the bottom, marked on the bottom with incuse “V&S” (Vivian and Son) above “A” (unknown), bright copper color all over with spots of green and white encrustation, similar to one in our Treasure Auction #4 that sold for $632.50. From the Benamain (1890), with certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450. 145. Well-molded copper ingot from the Benamain (1890). 14.5 lb av, 11½” x 2¾” x 2½”. Purposely-formed ingot with pointedrectangular top and cylindrical cross-holes in the bottom, marked on the bottom with incuse “V&S” (Vivian and Son) above “A” (unknown), bright copper color all over with spots of green and white encrustation, similar to one in our Treasure Auction #4 that sold for $632.50. From the Benamain (1890), with certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

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SHIPWRECK COINS (all silver except where noted) Unidentified Tang Dynasty wreck sunk ca. 221 BC “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean off China

149. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” G to left, M to right. S-M5a. 5.6 grams. Broad flan with much bold legend, choice full shield (slightly doubled), full but lightly corroded pillars, part of edge corroded as well. With certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

Spanish 1554 Fleet, sunk off Padre Island, Texas

146. Chinese bronze “knife” coin, Warring States period (475221 BC). 35 grams, 5-3/8" x ¾”. Rare type with 6 Chinese characters on one side (most have only 3-5), clear details behind lovely patina, similar to lot #173 in our Treasure Auction #4, which sold for $253. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. 147. Chinese bronze “spade” coin, Warring States period (475221 BC). 22 grams, 3¼” x 1¼”. Very curious shape, with Chinese characters on both sides (2 per side) peeking through lots of green patina and encrustation. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

150. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, M to right. S-M9. 11.3 grams. Bold details all over (much legend) on a big flan, lightly brown-toned, a bit worn but minimal corrosion. Estimate: $350-$500.

Unidentified Chinese wreck sunk ca. 1000 AD off Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1554 off Santo Domingo, China Dominican Republic

148. Lot of 2 Chinese bronze “cash” coins (small), Northern Zhou (ca. 580) and Northern Song (ca. 1000). 6.6 and 5.9 grams, each 1" in diameter. Two typical Chinese bronze coins with square hole in center, Chinese characters surrounding in cross pattern, well patinated and encrusted, a mix of time periods that is typical for older Chinese wrecks. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $40$60.

151. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” oMo to left, oPo to right. S-M4. 11.3 grams. Bold legends (variety unlisted in Nesmith), nice shield with bold mintmark and assayer, pillars side moderately corroded (rhomboid panel leaning left but illegible motto), nicely toned. Estimate: $325-$475.

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152. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” R to left, M to right, scarce assayer. S-M7. 12.3 grams. Choice full shield and crown and R-M, good but lightly corroded pillars, nearly full legends, nicely toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

153. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, R to right, an arrangement that Nesmith called “unknown” (so must be rare). S-M7. 8.1 grams. Thin from heavy corrosion, still with nice shield, bold M-R, full CAROLVS in legend, full pillars and motto, darkly toned all over. Estimate: $175-$275.

155. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, (8)-F to left, oM-oD to right, rare dual assayer. S-M14 or 14a. 19.2 grams. One of very few cobs with two assayers on the same coin, this one with mintmark to right above the all-important oD assayer (only faintly visible), full shield and cross, moderate corrosion, three small edge-splits. Estimate: $150-$225.

156. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, oMF, rare error with quadrants of cross transposed. S-M12 or 12a. 20.4 grams. Choice full cross with quadrants transposed (rare for this mint), also choice full shield, lightly corroded all over but nicely toned. Estimate: $600-$900.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England

157. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, oMF. S-M12a. Remarkably full crown above full shield, clear oMF, choice full cross, much bold legend, lightly corroded on obverse only. With generic certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

23.5 grams.

154. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, oM(F) to left, 8-oD, rare dual assayer. S-M14 or 14a. 25.2 grams. This rare issue has the distinction of being one of very few cobs with two assayer marks on the same coin, their names and exact dates of tenure still unknown at this point but known to bridge the transition from Philip II (who died in 1598) and Philip III. This specimen, with bold shield and cross, shows a very clear and bold oD and is nicely toned, just a bit of corrosion near the edge, variety with mintmark to the left. Estimate: $600-$900.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

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158. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. 23.5 grams. Solid planchet with some heavy corrosion, nice full denomination 8, full cross and shield. Estimate: $125-$200.

162. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II or III, assayer not visible. 8.8 grams. Bold full cross and shield, full denomination 4 but other side of shield flat, some corrosion (mostly on reverse), attractive toning. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

159. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. 19.4 grams. Round coin with full cross and shield but moderately corroded all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

163. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-RL. S-P13. 21.4 grams. Big, round flan with choice full cross and shield and crown, very clear P-RL and denomination o-VIII, nicely toned but lightly corroded all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

160. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, oMA, scarce. S-M16. 12.1 grams. Bold full king’s ordinal III in legend, clear oMA (scarce assayer), full cross and shield, darkly toned, light corrosion only. With generic certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

164. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-RL. S-P13. 25.1 grams. Choice, uncorroded obverse with full shield and bold P-RL, full but corroded cross, lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

161. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II or III, oMF. SM12 or 12a. 11.6 grams. Nice full shield and cross, certain oMF and denomination 4, lightly corroded. With generic certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

165. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, 1590/89, assayer Gothic P to left, rare. 22.8 grams. Very well detailed, with full cross, full shield with S-oVIII-P to left and 1590/89 date to right (the overdate quite rare as unlisted in CT), somewhat uneven flan, nicely toned and with minimal corrosion. Estimate: $500-$750.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

166. Valladolid, Spain, 4 reales, 1600, assayer oD, choice full date. CT-225. 10.0 grams. Round coin with extremely bold 1600 date (rare thus) above full cross, bold oD and mintmark to left of full shield below nearly full crown, minimal corrosion, contrasting toning. With generic certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

169. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, oMD, Grade 2 (estimated). S-M18. 22.8 grams. Nice full shield, partial date, clear oMD, full but corroded cross, original certificate and flip-card missing. Estimate: $100-$150.

San Martín, sunk in 1618 off the east coast of Florida

167. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)09, oMA, rare. Sfrom corrosion (typical for this scarce wreck) but with bold date and oMA and also full shield and cross. With 2003 Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

170. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right, Grade 3. S-L4. 4.4 grams. Great full cross, full but doubled shield, no internal corrosion but pieces of edge missing. With Fisher certificate #85A-231652 (erroneously attributed as a 4 reales of Philip III). Estimate: $500-$750.

M16. 15.7 grams. Thin

168. Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip III, oMF, choice. S-M12a. 2.8 grams. Very bold full shield with bold oMF to left, also full cross, light corrosion only, nicely toned. With Treasure Salvors’ tag #23169 (“Green Cabin”). Estimate: $100-$150.

171. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-R (curved leg), Grade 2. S-P15. 25.5 grams. Better than most Grade 2’s, with minimal corrosion (only at edge), full shield and cross, clear mintmarkassayer, very solid. With Fisher certificate #85A-196823. Estimate: $250-$375.

172. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-•/C-Q (unique), Grade 2. S-P16. 24.7 grams. Fascinating coin with the ornamental dot between the mintmark and assayer clearly punched over previous assayer C, the P•Q itself very clear, choice bold shield, full but offcenter cross, nearly full crown, also REEX for REX in reverse legend, light corrosion only, small edge-split, better than most Grade 2’s. With Fisher holo-certificate #85A-184014. Estimate: $600$900.

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173. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-C (rare), Grade 1 (Grade-2 quality). S-P16. 21.2 grams. Broad flan with full cross and shield, clear P-C, king’s ordinal II(I) in legend, peripheral corrosion and flatness and large void in edge that makes the coin somewhat heart-shaped. With Fisher certificate #85A-192849. Estimate: $500-$750.

174. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (161)8, assayer not visible, Grade 2. KM-10. 23.8 grams. Bold bottom half of 8 of date, full cross, full but off-center shield with clear denomination o-VIII, light corrosion only. With Fisher certificate #75A-SR3001. Estimate: $200-$300.

175. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T), Grade 3. S-P21. 23.5 grams. Full and clear 1619 date, the cross and shield also full but almost completely flat, some corrosion, uneven flan. With Fisher certificate #157866. Estimate: $250-$375.

176. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1620T, mintmark q/P, date at 5 o’clock, Grade 1. S-P21. 26.1 grams. Choice full shield with clear “reversed” mintmark and assayer, also inexplicable R/AR to left of crown, but best of all is the very bold date below the full cross, nicely toned, minimal corrosion. With Fisher certificate #201533. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

177. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621(T), Grade 2. S-P21. 22.3 grams. Bold 62 of date, good full shield, full but weak cross, light corrosion. With Fisher certificate #192563. Estimate: $500-$750.

178. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer not visible, Grade 3 (Grade-2 quality). 26.1 grams. Thick, round, solid coin with nearly full but off-center cross and shield, part of king’s name and ordinal in legend, minimal corrosion, easily Grade 2 or even Grade 1 but certificate says 3. With Fisher certificate #85A184102. Estimate: $150-$225.

179. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, P-Q, quadrants of cross transposed (rare for this assayer), Grade 1. S-P17. 13.1 grams. Nice bold cross and shield (both full), full P-Q, no corrosion, nicely toned, the transposed lions and castles common to 1618-1627 but rare this early. With Fisher certificate #85A-185693. Estimate: $700-$900.

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180. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)6(1)8PAL, rare assayer, Grade 1. S-P20. 13.5 grams. Rare with full and clear PAL monogram to left of full shield, choice bold cross with “EYND” in legend (missing the T), no corrosion, crude edge, nicely toned. With Fisher certificate #85A-267202. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

181. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III or IV, P-T, Grade 2 (estimated). 12.9 grams. Good full cross and shield, clear assayer T, light surface corrosion on obverse only. With insert-card #174367, the original Fisher certificate missing but replaceable. Estimate: $250-$375.

184. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, assayer PAL to left, T punched over denomination oZ to right, very rare, choice Grade 1. SP20. 6.6 grams. A true “wonder coin” with clear PAL assayer and bold T/oZ, full king’s ordinal III in legend, and the most beautiful shield and cross-lions-castles possible for this issue, very solid and thick flan, 100% corrosion-free, attractively toned, appealing even to the die-hard non-salvage collector. With Fisher certificate #94A10-021. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

185. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, P-T, bottom part of shield transposed, Grade 1. S-P21. 6.3 grams. Solid coin with full cross and shield, the latter with Brabant and Old Burgundy transposed (first time we have seen that), also bold upside-down G in legend, minimal corrosion, nice toning. With Fisher certificate #85A-221832. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

182. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer not visible, Grade 4. 6.2 grams. Full shield and cross despite heavy corrosion and thinning. With Fisher certificate #133815-1. Estimate: $60-$90.

183. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (1st period, “Lima” style), Grade 2. S-P4. 6.4 grams. Very broad, round, thin planchet, 100% corrosion-free but some flatness, much legend (commas between words), nice full cross and shield, most of crown, good toning. With Fisher certificate #85A-236439. Estimate: $750$1,000.

186. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 1622A, very rare, choice Grade 1, Plate Coin in the Atocha Research Collection and The Practical Book of Cobs. S-C2. 25.4 grams. With rich, satin toning all over, 100% full and corrosion-free shield and cross (very well detailed), bold RN mintmark to left and •A• assayer to right, clear 62 of date, big flan with no corrosion, this highly pedigreed coin is appealing to the most discerning of collectors and researchers, also recognized as a very rare and early important issue of the fledgling Cartagena mint. With Fisher photo-certificate #236050, Plate Coin #233 in the Atocha Research Collection catalog, also the Plate Coin on page 124 of the 4th edition (2007) of The Practical Book of Cobs. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

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187. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III, S•G, Grade 2. CTType 71. 11.0 grams. Very thick, crude planchet (looks like a cut-down 8R), with clear S•G, full shield, messy cross, light corrosion only, a strange coin that obviously stumped the Fisher certification people. With Fisher certificate #231217 that erroneously attributes this coin as a 2 reales of Potosí, Bolivia. Estimate: $175-$275.

190. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer not visible, Grade 4. 11.0 grams. Heavily corroded and thin but with full shield and cross faintly discernible. With Fisher certificate #10443. Estimate: $60-$90.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, “Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 in the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida Florida

188. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1622/0/19, oMD, full and bold date with clear overdate (with matching tag number), Grade 1. S-M18a. 11.5 grams. The perfect coin for anyone obsessed with the 1622 Fleet, as the 1622 date is 100% full and bold (with curious multi-year overdate) and the assigned number on the tag and certificate is 1622 as well (by chance or intentional?), also full cross and nearly full shield, clear oMD, corroded only near part of the edge, good toning. With Fisher certificate #1622. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

189. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-Q, Grade 2 (estimated). S-P17. 21.8 grams. Broad flan with nice full shield, full king’s name and ordinal PHILIPVS III, but heavy corrosion on cross. With Sedwick certificate (original certificate and tag missing). Estimate: $60-$90.

191. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, RN to left, A to right (1622), very rare. S-C2. 12.4 grams. An “affordable” example of an important rarity, this coin is thin from corrosion but shows very clearly the mintmark RN to left and assayer A to right of a fully detailed shield, the cross not so full and a little doubled and more corroded, some legend, broad planchet, nicely toned. With Seahawk certificate #91-1A-1898.0010. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, England

192. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616. KM-13. 26.9 grams. Fully intact flan with all parts of legend clear (bold date), also nicely detailed full lion, virtually no corrosion but with about a dozen strange pockmarks on reverse (apparently intentional, perhaps to test the metal). With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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193. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1616. KM-16. 26.9 grams. Choice full date (oddly at 9 o’clock relative to the lion), much bold legend, nice full lion, practically no corrosion but a couple flat spots. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

194. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617. KM12. 22.0 grams. Full lion, bold legends (including full date), one edgesplit, light corrosion only. With certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

195. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1617. KM-16. 18.0 grams. Nice detail all over (including date and lion and legends) but thin from corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

196. Friesland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1626. KM23.1. 18.6 grams. Full and bold lion with clear date above, much legend, nicely toned, but almost half the reverse corroded, a little more worn than most. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) photocertificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

197. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, ½ “lion” daalder, 1617, rare denomination. KM-22.1. 13.1 grams. Lustrous and uncorroded but with typical planchet cracks, nice full lion and bold date, full legends. With certificate. Estimate: $225-$350. 198. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ½ “lion” daalder, 1618, rare denomination. KM-12. 13.3 grams. Big, sold flan (somewhat uneven) with full lion, bold legends and date, nicely toned. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 199. United Netherlands (mint not visible), ½ “lion” daalder, 1618, rare denomination. 9.0 grams. Full and bold date and lion but otherwise very worn and corroded, good toning. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200. 200. Overijssel, United Netherlands, ½ “lion” daalder, 1623, rare denomination, unlisted date. KM-unlisted. 7.0 grams. Bold date, nice lion, good detail despite thinning from corrosion, apparently a very rare date as unlisted in KM, Delmonte, etc. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

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“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand San José, sunk in 1631 off Panama Bahama Island

201. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)24(D). S-M18a. 26.7 grams. Very thick and solid flan, with bottom half of 24 of date (rare), most of cross and shield and crown, no corrosion but typically crude planchet (very uneven thickness and peripheral flatness), lightly toned. Estimate: $175-$275.

204. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1630T, choice. S-P26. 25.9 grams. Full date outside a full but off-center cross, good full shield with full •P•T• to left, darkly toned and corrosion-free but clearly salvaged. Estimate: $350-$500.

205. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (16)30T. S-P26. 13.1 grams. Bottom half of 30 of date, full cross, full but off-center shield with full denomination o-iiii to right, toned and corrosion-free but with deep hairline edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375. 202. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer D. S-M18 or 18a. 27.0 grams. Bold full cross and shield, particularly bold denomination 8, very weak but certain oMD, big thick flan with no corrosion, good toning. With Sedwick certificate (2008). Estimate: $150-$225.

203. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (162)4(D). S-M18a. 12.8 Clear 4 of date (rare), bold denomination 4 to right of full shield, nearly full but weak cross, light corrosion only, toned, with minor edge-split. Estimate: $100-$150. grams.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

206. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, oMF, corroded. S-M12a. 19.7 grams. Oddly oblong flan with full oMF, full but pitted shield and cross. With large wallet-type certificate #2703. Estimate: $100-$150.

207. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, oMP, choice. S-M19. 26.1 grams. Typical barrel-shaped planchet with very bold oMP, most of cross and shield, no corrosion but much peripheral flatness, attractively toned, premium certification. With 1981 Seaquest certificate hand-signed by Burt Webber, Duke Long and Henry M. Taylor, III, plus usual wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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208. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, oM(P). SM19. 22.5 grams. Interesting shape (mostly broad and round but with flat top and large lip at bottom), full shield and cross, very bold denomination 8, lightly corroded on obverse only. With wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

211. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, (o)MP. S-M19. 12.7 grams. Odd shape, bold assayer, 16 of date visible, nearly full shield and cross, no corrosion but much flatness, deeply toned. With wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

212. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, (oMP). SM19. 6.2 grams. Very oddly-shaped flan (crude edge) with entire periphery flat but centers nice (full shield, very bold cross), somewhat silvery but no corrosion at all. With wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 209. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, (oMP), traces of canvas imprint on shield. S-M19. 25.1 grams. Somewhat barrelshaped flan, with full cross and shield, nicely toned, light corrosion, with faint canvas marks at bottom right on obverse. With wallettype certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

213. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, NR-E to left (late 1620s), rare. S-C3. 22.3 grams. Full shield, full but doubled and corroded cross, clear N of mintmark but weak R and E, thick and solid flan, rare issue. With generic tag and certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

210. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, (oMP). SM19. 24.7 grams. Full cross and shield, moderate corrosion. With wallet-type certificate #87053. Estimate: $70-$100.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com

214. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, C-E to right (early 1630s), rare. S-C3. 23.1 grams. Thick and solid flan with full shield and cross, clear C-E despite moderate corrosion, good toning, rare issue. With large wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

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215. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, C-E to right (early 1630s), rare. S-C3. 11.1 grams. Oddly rectangular flan with nice full shield, corroded cross, weak but certain C-E, rare issue. With generic tag and certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

“San Francisco wreck,” sunk ca. 1649 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

216. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-45. 26.8 grams. Barrel-shaped planchet with full cross and shield, nice toning, no corrosion, a very solid coin from a rare wreck. With Sedwick certificate (2001). Estimate: $80-$120.

218. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1649O, with pentagonal crowned-1652 countermark (rare) on cross. S-P35. 26.4 grams. Solid coin with full date, nearly full countermark, full •P•O• and denomination •8• flanking full shield below most of crown, full but partially weak cross, one edge-split, no corrosion but some flat spots, rare countermark. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Shield type

219. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649?)O, with shield countermark (scarce) and rare crown-alone countermark, both on cross side, rare with two countermarks. S-P35. 24.1 grams. Perfectly uncorroded surfaces, with full crown and shield and cross, the countermarks right on top of each other and near the edge (hence the crown-alone mark not fully attributable but clearly not the common one with border of dots), a few old marks but nicely toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

217. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)649Z, no countermark (rare). S-P34. 26.6 grams. Choice full shield and cross, nicely toned and minimally corroded, with bold date, weak assayer, bold denomination 8. With SubAmerica (Moro) photo-certificate #1536C1103 Estimate: $350-$500.

220. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35. 17.8 grams. Thin from corrosion but with nice details (full shield and cross, mintmark-assayer, date and countermark), lightly toned all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador

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221. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(1)O, with crowned-O countermark (scarce) on cross. S-P35. 27.0 grams. Very choice, uncorroded details all over (looks like a presentation piece of some sort) enhanced by beautiful brown toning, the countermark not bold but all there, also the tops of the digits of the date off the edge, overall one of the most beautiful specimens we have ever seen. Estimate: $600-$900.

222. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E/O, with crowned-•PH• countermark (scarce) on cross. S-P36. 25.5 grams. Nice full shield with full •P•E/O• to left and •8•E/O• to right, full cross with bold top part of countermark (just the crown, no part of the •PH• visible), clear date, nicely toned, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $400-$600.

223. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with crowned-•F• countermark (4-dot variety) on shield. S-P36. 23.2 grams. Full shield with full countermark showing the 2 dots above the crown as well (scarce thus), full but off-center cross, bold 16 but weak 51 of date, lightly corroded. With SubAmerica (Moro) photo-certificate #AB46. Estimate: $200-$300.

224. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E, with crowned-•F• countermark on cross, very rare shield-type 1652. S-P36. 27.1 grams. Choice, uncorroded specimen with beautiful toning, full crown and shield with •P•E• to left and •8•E• to right, also choice full cross with bold 16 of date in legend but the countermark unfortunately struck right over the 52 (still definitive), but also note this is not the usual side for this countermark (very rare thus). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

225. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1651-2)E, with 2 crowned-T countermarks (rare) and one crowned-L countermark, all on the cross side, extremely rare with 3 countermarks. S-P36. 26.5 grams. Specimens with 2 countermarks are rare enough; those with 3 countermarks are almost never seen, this one with 2 assayers, bold king’s ordinal IIII, and all 3 countermarks clear, some flat spots but minimal corrosion, lacking only the date to give it an exceptional premium. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

226. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1651-2)E, with crowned-•F• (2 dots) and crown-alone countermarks on shield, rare with two countermarks. S-P36. 26.9 grams. Big flan with full shield and cross (peripheries a bit flat, hence the lack of a visible date), the 2 bold countermarks right on top of each other (also with brockage of countermark on other side), no corrosion, small edge-split. Estimate: $400-$600.

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227. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, (P)•TR (ca. 1640). S-P27 or 29. 4.6 grams. Full and bold assayer but only partial shield and cross (off-center and with much flatness), minimal corrosion, no toning. Estimate: $50-$75. 228. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (ca. 1640). KM-14a. 2.9 grams. Broad, round planchet with full shield and cross, with some corrosion, minor edge damage that resembles a stripped hole. Estimate: $50-$75.

231. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type III/ A, rare. S-P37. 19.4 grams. Choice, Royal-like flan and strike (full inner details and much legend, including full 1652 date in legend), also nicely toned, but with light to moderate corrosion all over. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

229. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, P-Z (1647-9), scarce. S-P34. 5.1 grams. Full P-Z (small z, possibly punched over something

else), good full cross, most of shield, broad planchet, some corrosion. Estimate: $60-$90.

1652 transitionals

232. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type IV/ A, encapsulated ANACS EF-45. S-P37. Very bold and well-defined details all over, slightly doubled but all quite clear (the doubling causing a comical “•PE•POT” to appear at top), much legend, corroded only on part of edge, beautifully toned, also a scarce example of a brief promotion coordinated with ANACS, who placed the name of the wreck inside the slab. With special clamshell display-box. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

230. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type I/A, rare. S-P37. 12.5 grams. Big flan originally but with nearly half of it corroded away, still with details quite clear (52 date, king’s ordinal IIII, denomination 8, one good pillar and castle), probably a chance to get an acknowledged rarity for a very low price. Estimate: $175$275. 233. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type IV/ A. S-P37. 27.4 grams. Huge flan with full inner details, the peripheries mostly flat and crude (a few bends and scrapes), rare to see such clear, undoubled detail in the centers, corrosion-free and nicely toned. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 234. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type IV/ A. S-P37. 17.8 grams. Corroded all over and with small piece of edge missing but with clear details (full shield with O-E-52 to right and pillars with F-[8]-IIII and E-8-E), some legend (king’s ordinal IIII), lightly toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Pillars-and-waves

235. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type V/A. S-P37. 15.7 grams. Clear inner details despite moderate to heavy corrosion, also decent toning. With certificate. Estimate: $300$450.

238. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E (post-transitional). SVery large flan with full inner details and most of legends (full king’s name and ordinal and EL PERV), 3 dates and mintmarks, 2 assayers, full crown with most of 1•PH•6, minimal corrosion and nicely toned. Estimate: $700-$1,000. P37a. 25.8 grams.

236. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type VII/ A. S-P37. 26.4 grams. Very choice, Royal-like, uncorroded and with full details (except for parts of legend), nicely toned, just a bit doubled (curiously making the central date 52 appear twice), the crowns and shield especially appealing. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750. 239. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E (post-transitional). SP37a. 23.9 grams. Big flan with nearly full legends and full inner details, 3 dates and mintmarks and assayers, full 1•PH•6, lightly corroded all over but much better strike than usual. With original tag signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $500-$750.

237. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type VII/ A. S-P37. 23.7 grams. Nice pillars and shield despite corrosion and slight doubling, also nicely toned. With SubAmerica (Moro) photocertificate #ABF43. Estimate: $500-$750. 240. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E (post-transitional). SSolid coin with practically no corrosion, full but slightly doubled cross, one full pillar, 2 partial dates (bold 2 in legend), 3 assayers, 2 mintmarks, nicely toned. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. P37a. 27.0 grams.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

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241. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1653E. S-P37a. 23.8 grams. Typically full and evenly struck details (no doubling) on a planchet of even thickness (albeit not perfectly round like most), attractively toned and with just a touch of corrosion in the center of the pillars side, particularly nice cross-lions-castles, a premium presentation specimen comparable to the only other one from this wreck ever sold at auction (for $6,600 in 1999). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

242. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, choice. S-P37a. 26.4 grams. Nice and bold full cross and pillars-and-waves, both well detailed but slightly doubled, good toning, minimal corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $225-$350.

243. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E. S-P37a. 25.3 grams. Thick and solid planchet with full but doubled cross, bold main date 53 and 65 of date in legend, nicely toned, minimal corrosion but some flat spots. Estimate: $150-$225.

244. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E. S-P37a. 21.0 grams. Distinctively wide pillars (very bold), full but slightly off-center cross, 3 mintmarks and assayers and parts of 3 dates, moderately corroded all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

245. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1652-4)E, still enclosed in broken-open “biscuit” of oxidation. S-P37a. 54.8 grams. Certain silver coins from wrecks separate from their chests and slowly accrete tiny shells and other bits into their dark, puffy cocoon of surrounding oxidation, a phenomenon we call a “biscuit.” This biscuit was carefully cracked open to expose the nuclear coin, which (slightly cleaned) clearly shows a post-transitional cross but little else. Estimate: $100-$150.

246. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a. 20.1 grams. Nicely uncorroded cross with bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend, full but lightly corroded pillars and waves with 1654 in legend, overall 3 dates and 2 mintmarks and assayers, good toning, one edge-split. Estimate: $175-$275.

247. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a. 20.2 grams. Nicely centered details without any doubling, but the cross and other parts weak due to corrosion, 2 bold mintmarks, 2 dates and 3 assayers, bold •PH• at top. With generic certificate Estimate: $175-$250.

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248. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E. S-P37a. 7.7 grams. Good full cross with clear date below, corroded pillars side, attractively toned. Estimate: $90-$135.

249. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1653E. S-P37a. 2.7 grams. Choice full pillars side with bold •PH•, P-I-E, PLV-SVL-TRA and E-53-P, full but slightly off-center cross enabling a full PHILIPPVS in the legend, nicely toned, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $70-$100.

252. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with crowned-O countermark (scarce) on cross, rare full brockage error. S-P36. 23.1 grams. Choice full cross and shield, full date, 2 assayers, but neatest feature is the full countermark with its full reverse impression on the front (known as a brockage, when the mark is struck without the coin present, leaving a reverse impression of the mark to appear on the next coin to hit the anvil), nice toning, light corrosion only. With Marex certificate #0445. Estimate: $600-$900.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

250. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, date and assayer not visible (probably 1649O), with crowned-•F• countermark on shield. S-P35. 26.5 grams. Very bold countermark on full shield, full but partially flat cross on other side, crudely uneven flan with edge-crack, minimal corrosion. With Marex certificate #0442. Estimate: $150-$225.

251. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, with crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35. 20.1 grams. Sharp details all over (bold date, full shield with 8•O• to right, full cross with full countermark), much legend, nicely toned, yet with significant edge-crack and moderately corroded. With Marex certificate #0875. Estimate: $150-$250.

253. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(1)E, with rare crownalone countermark on cross. S-P36. 27.4 grams. Big flan with choice full countermark, full shield and crown, full king’s name in legend, date doubled so that final digit is missing, nicely toned and nearly corrosion-free but with large edge-crack. With Marex certificate #1521. Estimate: $600-$800.

254. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with crowned-•F• (4dot variety) countermark on shield. S-P36. 23.6 grams. Choice broad flan with all edges intact (except for small patch of corrosion), nearly full countermark (rare with the 2 dots above the crown visible), nice full shield and cross, bold 165 of date, much legend, nicely toned. With Marex certificate #0045. Estimate: $400-$600.

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255. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with common crownalone countermark on shield. S-P36. 26.1 grams. Thick and uncorroded flan with much weak strike all over, a little bent, but with very bold and complete countermark, full king’s name in legend, and 100% full date. Estimate: $125-$200.

256. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E transitional Type V/A, extremely rare variant with motto as PLVS-VL-TRA. S-P37. 18.8 grams. A corroded coin, to be sure, yet with clear pillars side that shows the unusually-split motto, the only other known specimens of which are Lázaro #127 and the cover coin of the 1995 Menzel booklet The Potosí Mint Scandal and Great Transition of 1652, both of which are considered Royals, which this present coin might be too, just with too much corrosion to know for sure. Also note the 2 bold dates and full shield, some good toning. With Marex certificate #0018. Estimate: $600-$800.

258. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E. S-P37a. 24.6 grams. Very choice full inner details (cross and pillars), with 2 bold dates and parts of a third, 3 bold mintmarks, full •PH•, good toning, no corrosion except for just around the edge, very Royal-like in quality of strike. With Marex certificate #0401. Estimate: $350-$500.

Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia

259. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652, oMP. S-M19. 24.2 specimen with full date and oMP, good full cross, but the flan itself crudely bent (also lacuna in shield), light corrosion only, darkly toned. Estimate: $250-$375. grams. Solid

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257. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E (post-transitional). SP37a. 21.0 grams. Good full pillars with clear 1•PH•6 at top, wellcentered cross, but heavily corroded all over and darkly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

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San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off the east coast of Florida

260. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales presentation strike, 1659V, “Star of Lima,” rare, finest known. S-L5. 26.9 grams. By all accounts this is the finest known specimen of this rare, unauthorized issue, in fact believed to be THE coin that was intended for presentation to the king to show off the new minting and ask for approval (which never came). The immense crown above the pillars is beautifully detailed, and the •V•, *-LIMA-1659, •8• are equally impressively well struck above the 100% full waves, with most of the king’s name PHILIPPVS visible in the legend, also with perfect lions and castles inside the cross on other side, whose bold legend shows reversed N’s. Save for a touch of corrosion, this coin is undeniably Mint State, beautifully toned and worthy of the best collections. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

261. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima,” very rare, possibly finest known. S-L5. 6.5 grams. For whatever reason, this normally common denomination is actually quite rare in the “Star of Lima” series, and this specimen is possibly the finest known, fully Mint State, with choice full pillars and waves (slightly off-center), with full •V•, *-LIMA-1659, •2• (note the star is actually 5-pointed, as opposed to the usual 6 points), incredibly well-detailed cross-lions-castles, all beautifully toned and corrosion-free. Estimate: $3,500$5,000.

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262. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1659V, “Star of Lima,” choice. S-L5. 3.1 grams. Very big flan (much closer to round than usual), with full but slightly off-center pillars-and-waves, assayer to left, denomination to right and *-LIMA-1659 in center (scarcer 5-pointed star), most of king’s name in legend, very choice full cross-lions-castles and tressure, nicely toned and high grade with only minute traces of corrosion. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 263. Lima, Peru, cob ½ real, (1659), “Star of Lima,” very rare. S-L5. 1.2 grams. The distinctive monogram and crown of this very rare issue was only recently attributed, as the date in the periphery is rarely seen, this specimen being quite educational in that the crown and monogram are full, as is also the cross (perfectly centered), just a little corrosion all over. Estimate: $500-$750.

264. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E (post-transitional). SP37a. 21.9 grams. Broad flan with choice full pillars-and-waves, full but corroded cross, 2 dates and 3 assayers, POTOSI in legend, curious purple toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

266. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1658E. S-P37a. 9.3 grams. Bold mintmark and assayer and clear date and cross despite moderate to heavy corrosion all over. With Jupiter Wreck, Inc. photo-certificate from 2003. Estimate: $100-$150.

Sacramento, sunk in 1668 off the Bay of All Saints, Bahia, Brazil

265. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales presentation strike, 1658E. SP37a. 26.4 grams. While not perfectly round nor a match with any known “Royals,” this coin exhibits unusual evenness of strike and flan for its period, with nearly full legends surrounding full and well-detailed inner data, very slightly doubled, 3 dates, no corrosion but a couple small flat spots, nicely toned on fields. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

267. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer E (16521667), with Brazilian 600-reis countermark (1663). 19.6 grams. Bold full countermark that warped the flan, much corrosion and flatness but two clear mintmarks, rare issue. Estimate: $150-$225.

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268. Evora, Portugal, 400 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 500reis countermark (1663), rare. 15.0 grams. Large Portuguese “crown” with full shield and cross, full king’s name and ordinal in legend, full but weak countermark, a bit thin and corroded but with clear details, rare mint and scarcer version of countermark (with 5 instead of S). Estimate: $150-$225.

269. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 500reis (“S00”) countermark (1663). 15.7 grams. Round and well detailed despite corrosion, the countermark quite full and bold, nice full crowned shield and cross. Estimate: $200-$300.

270. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 500reis (“S00”) countermark (1663). 14.7 grams. Bold cross and countermark despite porosity from heavy corrosion. Estimate: $75$110.

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271. Porto, Portugal, 400 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 500-reis (“S00”) countermark (1663), rare. 12.9 grams. Very bold details on both sides, particularly the shield and cross and mintmarks but also the full countermark, all nicely toned, thin from corrosion, scarce mint. With Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

272. Porto, Portugal, 400 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 500-reis (“S00”) countermark (1663). 7.6 grams. Choice full shield and cross, also king’s ordinal IIII and countermark, despite thinning from corrosion, nice toning, scarce mint. Estimate: $100-$150.

273. Evora, Portugal, 200 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 250reis (“2S0”) countermark (1663), rare. 4.0 grams. Bold cross, nice full crown, full countermark, thin from corrosion but nicely toned, rare mint. Estimate: $125-$200.

274. Lisbon, Portugal, 200 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 250reis countermark (1663). 5.6 grams. Broad, thin flan with full shield and cross, bold denomination and king’s name, full countermark (scarce with 5 instead of S), richly toned, split in edge but not much corrosion. Estimate: $80-$120.

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Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain

275. Lisbon, Portugal, 200 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 250reis (“2S0”) countermark (1663). 5.5 grams. Very bold, full and deep countermark that caused a void near the edge, also good shield despite some corrosion, bold legends with king’s ordinal IIII, nicely toned. Estimate: $80-$120.

278. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1666E. S-P37a. 23.1 grams. Very crude, squarish planchet, off-center pillars with clear date, full Potosí, full but weak cross, some corrosion, toned, scarce date. Estimate: $150-$225.

276. Lisbon, Portugal, 200 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 250reis (“2S0”) countermark (1663). 7.9 grams. Full cross with full countermark, nice shield side with lots of bold legend, toned and lightly corroded only here and there. Estimate: $80-$120. 279. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b. 20.5 grams. Wellcentered strike, full cross and pillars-and-waves, with clear date, but quite corroded, somewhat toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

277. Porto, Portugal, 200 reis, John IV, with Brazilian 250-reis (“2S0”) countermark (1663). 6.5 grams. Very broad flan with edgesplit, bold full denomination and most of legend, full and welldetailed crown and shield, full cross and countermark, richly toned, minimal corrosion, scarce mint. Estimate: $100-$150.

280. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669E. S-P37b. 25.7 grams. King’s name in legend, well-centered strike without corrosion but much flatness, 2 dates on pillars side, uneven toning. Estimate: $125$200.

281. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 26.2 grams. Two bold dates, nice detail despite flat spots, minimal corrosion, lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

282. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 24.8 grams. Full cross below crown, 2 dates (70 in legend), one pillar nice, toned and partially flat but minimal corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200. 286. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E. S-P37a. 19.0 grams. Full cross, full crown above bold pillars with bold date, PH at top, part of king’s name in legend, light corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

283. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 14.0 grams. Solid, uncorroded flan but with large edge-split, one full crown, 2 bold assayers, parts of king’s name, good full pillars with clear date, darkly toned. Estimate: $125-$200. 287. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1663E. S-P37a. 17.8 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with clear date, corroded cross, scarce. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

284. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1663E. S-P37a. 12.5 grams. Full date in legend (rare thus), nicely toned and no corrosion but much flatness and some “horn silver” on surfaces, off-center strike on a big flan. Estimate: $100-$150.

288. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1665E. S-P37a. 18.0 grams. Big flan with full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates, moderately corroded. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $110-$165.

285. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1659E. S-P37a. 6.7 grams. Big flan with full crown, about half of cross and pillars (the rest flat), toned, minimal corrosion, minor edge-split. Estimate: $60-$90. 289. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1668E. S-P37b. 15.4 grams. Squarish flan, nice full pillars with clear date, off-center cross, thin from wear and corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

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290. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1672E. S-P37b. 20.2 grams. Full cross, bold date, 2 assayers despite moderate corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7121. Estimate: $100-$150.

291. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1673E. S-P37b. 18.9 grams. Bold date and denomination, 2 assayers, nice pillars, off-center cross, thin and corroded. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $80$120.

292. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1673E. S-P37b. 15.4 grams. Two bold mintmarks, parts of 3 dates, decent cross despite corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

293. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675(E). S-P37b. 19.6 grams. Nice full cross, one good pillar above full waves, bold denomination, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

294. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1676E. S-P37b. 16.7 grams. Full and bold but off-center cross, full but slightly doubled pillars-andwaves, bold denomination and clear date, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

295. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b. 17.5 grams. Oblong planchet with nice full pillars-and-waves, full but weak cross with clear date below, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

296. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 20.8 grams. Bold full cross and pillars-and-waves, bold P-8-E, 1½ dates, not so corroded as most but with split in edge. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

297. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 17.7 grams. Welldetailed crown above nearly full cross, good pillars, bold denomination and PLV-SVL-TRA, lightly to moderately corroded all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

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298. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 21.5 grams. Bold waves and pillars, with 2 dates on that side, full but corroded cross, odd-shaped flan. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

302. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 19.3 grams. Bold waves and one full pillar, 3 dates despite flatness and corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

299. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 13.0 grams. Bold pillars-and-waves, most of cross despite corrosion. With photocertificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

303. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678(E). S-P37b. 13.9 grams. Nice pillars despite heavy wear and corrosion. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

300. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 19.8 grams. Full pillars, good cross (nearly full), oblong planchet with some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7128. Estimate: $100$150.

304. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV or Charles II, assayer E (1652-1678). S-P37a or 37b. 18.2 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, good but off-center cross, really a decent coin just without the date visible (due to corrosion). With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7049. Estimate: $100-$150.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31 301. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 19.5 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, good but doubled cross, moderate corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7129 Estimate: $100-$150.

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305. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 18.1 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 3 dates and assayers and mintmarks, a little thin from corrosion and with 2 edge-splits but otherwise rather nice for this wreck. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

309. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 14.2 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with 79 date twice due to doubling, plus 67 of date in legend and 79 date below doubled cross, one bold C and parts of two others, typically corroded. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

306. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 21.0 grams. Bold but doubled pillars-and-waves with 2 clear C’s, full but slightly off-center cross, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

310. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 14.9 grams. Nearly full cross and pillars, 2 dates, weak but certain assayer, heavily worn and thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7137. Estimate: $100-$150.

307. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 14.1 grams. Good full pillars and nearly full cross despite wear and corrosion (thin), 2 dates. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

311. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 20.2 grams. Full waves and one full pillar, very off-center cross, much flatness. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com 308. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 12.9 grams. Three bold C’s, 2 dates, full pillars-and-waves, weak cross, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

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312. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 21.3 grams. Bold but slightly off-center cross with full date and V/C, full but doubled pillars-and-waves with two clear V’s (not V/C), not as corroded as most but with edge-split. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

313. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 15.7 full pillars with 2 bold V/C’s, full but off-center cross with clear date, some flatness and corrosion. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

grams. Nice

314. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 17.6 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, full but corroded cross, 2 dates and assayers (both with V/C), darkly toned. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

315. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 16.7 grams. Full but off-center cross, full pillars with bold date and V/C, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $125$200.

316. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 20.4 grams. One full pillar (doubled) with clear V/C and date (also 16 in legend), full but off-center cross with second date below, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

317. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C, scarce. S-P39. 18.7 grams. Three dates, 2 bold V/C’s, full cross despite moderate corrosion all over. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

318. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 21.6 grams. Full cross with bold date and assayer, full but doubled pillars and waves with bold assayer, a little more solid than most. With photocertificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

319. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 17.5 grams. Full pillars, full but worn cross, 3 dates, 2 small edge-splits, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

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320. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 19.9 grams. Nice full pillars-and-waves, full but off-center cross, edge-split and some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

321. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 14.6 grams. Good pillars with 2 bold V’s and bold date, off-center cross, worn from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

322. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 15.4 grams. Bold full pillars with bold date and assayer, full cross, heavy corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

323. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 17.7 grams. Oblong flan with good but off-center cross, bold waves with clear date, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $110$165.

324. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 10.8 grams. Broad but thin (corroded) planchet with good full cross and pillars-andwaves, bold date and 2 assayers. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $110-$165.

325. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 14.9 grams. Full cross, bold pillars, but peripheries flat, somewhat solid but still corroded. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

326. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 12.5 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves with clear date, weak cross, very thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

327. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 14.4 grams. Full pillars with clear date, off-center cross, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $110-$165.

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328. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 18.7 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, corroded cross, crude edge. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

331. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 21.5 grams. Full cross, full pillars-and-waves below well-detailed crown, a bit worn, scarce final year for this wreck. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

329. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 22.5 grams. Big flan with full cross, full but doubled pillars with full crown at top, some corrosion, 2 dates and mintmarks, scarce final year for this wreck. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

332. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 16.5 grams. Clear date, full cross despite heavy corrosion, scarce final year for this wreck. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

330. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 20.8 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, full cross with full CAROLVS in legend, 2 dates and mintmarks, some corrosion, unusually large edge-split, scarce final year for this wreck. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225. 333. Lot of 8 worn Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Charles II, various dates and assayers. 8.1 to 21.0 grams each. A mixed lot of coins, mostly without visible dates but at least one 1679C, bestweight coin is 1679V, nearly all heavily worn and corroded thin (“Gilettes”), all cleaned except for one, which is dark with orange spots. Each coin with photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225. 334. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1674E. S-P37b. 8.0 grams. Full but off-center pillars, nearly full cross, 2 dates, some corrosion, large edge-split. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

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335. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 11.7 grams. Rather large flan with full cross and clear date, CA- of king’s name, full but corroded pillars. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

339. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 10.2 grams. Good cross, 2 mintmarks, solid but corroded all over. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7072. Estimate: $80-$120.

336. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 8.2 grams. Broad planchet with nearly full cross, bold waves, clear assayer, 2 dates and mintmarks, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

340. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 10.0 grams. Decent cross, corroded pillars with bold denomination, weak but certain date and assayer. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #7070. Estimate: $75-$110.

337. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 9.6 grams. Full cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers on an odd-shaped planchet, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

341. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 7.0 grams. Nice full cross, full pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and denominations, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

338. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 9.3 grams. Full cross and pillars, bold mintmark, 2 assayers, some corrosion, small edge-split. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

342. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39. 9.9 grams. Very large edge-split, most of CAROLVS, nearly full pillars, 2 assayers, some corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $75$110.

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343. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 8.4 grams. Full cross and pillars, very well-detailed crown, broad flan, thin from corrosion, scarce final year from this wreck. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

344. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 8.7 grams. Corroded but with full pillars with crisp full waves, 3 mintmarks, nearly full cross with bold (H)ISANIARV(M) in legend (lacking the P), a unique error, scarce final year from this wreck. With photocertificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

345. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1658E. S-P37a. 5.1 grams. Full cross and pillars and crown, all well centered, light corrosion only. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $70-$100. 346. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1662E. S-P37a. 3.7 grams. Very crude planchet yet with nice full cross, full pillars and crown, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 347. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1663E. S-P37a. 4.0 grams. Big flan with full but partially flat pillars and cross, 3 assayers, light corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

348. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1664E. S-P37a. 2.2 grams. Choice full pillars and cross, 2 dates, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $80-$120. 349. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1665E. S-P37a. 2.9 grams. Full cross and waves, 3 dates (rare thus), 2 bold mintmarks, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 350. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1665E. S-P37a. 4.1 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves but cross corroded. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

351. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1665E. S-P37a. 5.3 grams. Big flan with nearly full cross (partially flat), one bold pillar (off-center), corroded as usual. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 352. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1667E. S-P37b. 2.5 grams. Bold full pillars, good but off-center cross, 2 dates, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 353. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1668E. S-P37b. 4.5 grams. Full but weak pillars-and-waves, off-center cross with part of king’s name and ordinal in legend, worn from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

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354. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 4.2 grams. Large, triangular flan with full 1670 date in legend below full but off-center waves, nearly full cross, oddly accompanied with 1715-Fleet tags that do not match. Estimate: $80-$120. 355. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 3.7 grams. Bold date above full waves, full but corroded cross, oblong planchet. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. 356. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1674E. S-P37b. 4.1 grams. Interesting shape, clear date below cross, full but slightly off-center pillarsand-waves, a bit worn. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

357. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1674E. S-P37b. 3.1 grams. Particularly bold pillars, decent cross despite usual wear and a large edgesplit. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 358. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1676E. S-P37b. 5.0 grams. Rather large flan with patches of moderate corrosion, one full pillar, 2 dates, particularly bold denomination and mintmark. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 359. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1676E. S-P37b. 3.8 grams. Good cross and waves, one full pillar, thin as usual and with large edge-split. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

360. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1676+77E, rare error with date as “776” below cross. S-P37b. 3.2 grams. With clear “776” below cross and “77” between pillars, an error we have seen only a few times before, also with bold waves and one bold pillar, king’s ordinal II in legend, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $90-$135. 361. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 5.4 grams. Well-centered pillars and bold waves with clear date above, slightly offcenter cross, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 362. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 3.8 grams. Roundish flan with 2 dates, full pillars-and-waves, corroded cross. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

363. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 1.9 grams. Two dates, full cross and pillars despite much thinning from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 364. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1679C. S-P38. 3.3 grams. Nice full date and mintmark above full but off-center waves, cross side messy from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 365. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1655E. S-P37a. 1.7 grams. Good cross and pillars, clear date, some corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

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366. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1656E. S-P37a. 1.2 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves, good cross, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 367. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1658E, oversized planchet. SP37a. 4.1 grams. Large, oval-shaped coin with no corrosion at all, hence originally minted as an “in betweener,” with choice full pillars-and-waves, good full cross and crown, clear denomination I (in two places), early motto as PL-SV-VL. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

368. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1658E. S-P37a. 1.7 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 369. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1659E. S-P37a. 1.4 grams. Full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 clear dates, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

370. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1662E. S-P37a. 2.4 grams. Choice full cross, good but off-center pillars, 2 dates, no corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. 371. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1662E. S-P37a. 1.3 grams. Good pillars-and-waves, corroded cross, 2 clear dates. With photocertificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

372. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1664E. S-P37a. 1.4 grams. Good but off-center full cross, full and well-centered pillars-and-waves with full crown above, 2 dates, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 373. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1666E. S-P37a. 3.1 grams. Nice cross, good detail, 100% corrosion-free but some flatness as struck. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

374. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1667E. S-P37b. 1.8 grams. Good full pillars with bold date, decent cross, thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 375. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1668E. S-P37b. 2.3 grams. Most of cross, good full pillars, peripheral flatness, light corrosion only. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

376. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1668E. S-P37b. 1.8 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with two dates on that side, cross corroded, thin. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 377. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1668E. S-P37b. 2.2 grams. Full pillars with bold date and assayer, cross weak from corrosion and wear. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $40-$60.

378. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1669E. S-P37b. 1.5 grams. Bold date between full pillars, good but off-center cross, very thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 379. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1669E. S-P37b. 1.2 grams. Good full pillars and cross but very thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $40-$60.

380. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1670E. S-P37b. 3.1 grams. No corrosion, good full cross and pillars, bold (CAR)OLVS and (1)670 date in legend plus parts of 2 other dates, some flat areas. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. 381. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1670E. S-P37b. 1.2 grams. Nice waves with bold date above, good but incomplete cross, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

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382. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1670E. S-P37b. 2.2 grams. Good pillars with bold 70 between and 16 in legend, off-center cross, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 383. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1670E. S-P37b. 2.1 grams. Bold 70 between good pillars, cross very weak, broad flan but thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

384. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1670E. S-P37b. 1.2 grams. Full pillars, good but incomplete cross, very thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 385. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1671E. S-P37b. 2.7 grams. Choice full pillars and cross (the latter off-center), no corrosion but some flatness and old scratches, 3 mintmarks. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

386. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1671E. S-P37b. 0.9 gram. Full waves and one full pillar, good but off-center cross, very thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 387. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1673E. S-P37b. 2.4 grams. Bold date between full pillars, second date and king’s ordinal II below good cross, some flatness but no corrosion. With ROBCAR photocertificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

388. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1675E. S-P37b. 2.2 grams. Bold date, full waves, most of cross, crude from corrosion. With photocertificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 389. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1676E. S-P37b. 3.9 grams. Big flan with full cross, bold POTO(SI), 2 assayers, weak date, light corrosion only. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $55$85.

390. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1676E. S-P37b. 0.8 gram. Full pillars and cross, good detail but very worn and corroded. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 391. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677E. S-P37b. 2.3 grams. Cross and pillars-and-waves both full, 2 dates, bold mintmark, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $45-$65.

392. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1678E. S-P37b. 1.8 grams. Nice shape, one bold pillar, full cross, bold date, some corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 393. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1679C. S-P38. 2.6 grams. Choice cross, no corrosion, bold tops of pillars (off-center) with clear assayer C. With ROBCAR photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

394. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1679V. S-P39. 1.7 grams. Two clear dates, full cross and pillars-and-waves, thin from corrosion. With baseball card-type ROBCAR certificate. Estimate: $45-$65.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

395. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, oMP (mid-1600s). SM19. 20.2 grams. Full cross and shield, nice crown, moderate corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

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396. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)80, oM(L). S-M21. 25.7 grams. Interesting shape, clear date, part of king’s name, full but weak cross and shield, minimal corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

399. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1681, oML. S-M21. 18.2 Very elongated shape with full date (rare) and oML, good cross and shield, but heavily pitted all over, made better by contrasting toning. Estimate: $125-$200. grams.

397. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680, oML. S-M21. 16.9 grams. Bold oML and 680 of date, full shield and cross, mostly weak and thin from corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $150$225.

398. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680, oML. S-M21. 22.2 grams. Bold 680 of date, nearly full cross, rest of coin weak from strike and corrosion, rectangular flan, good toning. Estimate: $125$200.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

400. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. 21.7 and 19.7 grams. Each with most of cross and shield visible despite crude strike and some corrosion, one with parts of king’s name visible. Estimate: $80-$120.

401. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV or Charles II, (o)MG, rare. S-M19a. 7.5 grams. Thin coin due to corrosion and wear but with full and bold G assayer, which is rare for this denomination. With generic certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

402. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Charles II, (o)ML. SM21. 12.0 grams. Good shield with bold assayer L, most of cross, not so corroded as most from this wreck. With generic certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

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403. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1665E, rare type for this wreck. Good full cross and pillars, 2 dates, a little worn and corroded, one of very few non-Mexican cobs from this wreck. With generic certificate. Estimate: $60-$90. S-P37a. 2.2 grams.

404. Madrid, Spain, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible, rare type for this wreck. 7.1 grams. Choice specimen with full cross and shield, broad and somewhat oval planchet, great details with pretty toning, light corrosion only. Estimate: $110-$175.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa

405. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands, portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1665. KM-72.1. 26.7 grams. Very broad flan with full legends, good inner details (bust and arms), just a little thin from corrosion and with some pitting, good toning. With certificate. Estimate: $75$110.

406. Dutch ducatoon “biscuit” in heavy conglomeration. 101 grams. Very impressive “sea rock” containing one large silver-coin “biscuit” (what we call it when the oxidizing coin accretes a thick coating of dark sediment and debris) and several substantial pebbles and seashells, mostly dark but the shells tan in color, a great display. Estimate: $125-$200.

407. Dutch ducatoon “biscuit” with large pebble. 50 grams. When single silver coins separate from their chests and accrete a thick shell of oxidation like this one did, we call it a “biscuit,” and this specimen also carries a large pebble on one side (nice display), all dark in color. Estimate: $100-$150.

408. Clump of 4 Dutch arendschellings (Holy Roman Empire). 48 grams. A pretty little “fallen stack” of thin coins, one mostly exposed but too worn to discern much, all the coins dark but the appended encrustation nicely white and orange, sits well upright. Estimate: $200-$300.

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409. Mixed lot of 4 Dutch coins: Portrait ducatoon of Charles II, 2 “rider” ducatoons and a Zwolle arendschelling of Matthias I (1612-19, Holy Roman Empire). 3.3 to 23.4 grams each. All the coins a bit crude and worn but somewhat attributable, the portrait ducatoon bent, the schelling and one rider with orange sediment, mostly nicely toned, good lot for resale. Estimate: $150-$225.

410. Lot of 2 Zwolle arendschellings of the Holy Roman Empire (Rudolf II, 1576-1612, and Matthias I, 1612-1619). 3.8 and 2.8 grams. Both coins typically thin but well detailed, each with full shield and crown and two-headed eagle, nicely toned, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $50-$75.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England 411. Big clump of 1 cob 8 reales, 3 British coins and a musketball. 210 grams. Large “sea rock” with two thin coins (British sixpence and shilling?) sticking out the top right next to an exposed lead musketball, with a large cob 8R and several more British coins on the bottom, lots of orange crud and small pebbles amongst the coins, the perfect size for an executive paperweight! Interesting note: The divers tell me that the wreck was literally flattened into the sea-bed by huge boulders that roll around the site, and to get the goodies they had to dynamite the sea-bed, which generally fractured into clumps such as this one. With certificate #11091 from salvager Terry Hiron. Estimate: $225-$350.

412. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible, 4R-sized cross. 13.9 grams. At first glance this coin appears to be the size of a 4 reales, with weight to match, but the shield is too big and the planchet is too thick, hence it is a corroded-down 8R with 4R cross die (stranger things have happened)! Nice detail on one castle, good toning. With 2 certificates from salvagers Hiron & Heslin. Estimate: $60-$90. 413. London, England, sixpence, William III, 1700. Sp-3538. 3.0 grams. Full details on both sides (bust of king and cruciform arms), lustrous and high grade (cleaned) but with a touch of corrosion near the edge. With certificate from salvagers Hiron & Heslin. Estimate: $60-$90.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Isles, north of Scotland 414. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1668. KM-46. 28.0 grams. Very broad flan with bold legends, full inner details, nicely toned, light corrosion all over. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

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Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada

415. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, “Star of Lima,” 165(9)V, very rare. S-L5. 6.4 grams. A surprisingly rare denomination for this series, this 2R is quite a nice example from a shipwreck, with no corrosion, full cross, full but off-center pillars-and-waves with denomination •2• to right, *-LM-165 (the star large and with 6 points and the date missing the final digit) in middle, assayer V to left, part of king’s name in legend, a little worn but nicely toned, probably the only specimen ever recovered from this scarce and important wreck. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

416. Massachusetts Bay Colony, oak tree shilling, 1652. KM-10. 3.1 grams. Bold full 1652 date and XII denomination, much legend, weak and off-center tree, minimal corrosion and nicely toned, popular type from a scarce and important wreck. Estimate: $1,250$1,750.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

417. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 165(?), oMP. S-M19. 17.6 grams. Rectangular flan with full cross, nearly full shield, moderately corroded, probably from the Maravillas (1656) but mistakenly mixed in with Fleet material in the 1970s. With Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Bob Johnson. Estimate: $125-$200.

418. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. KM-46. 26.7 grams. Small, thick planchet with no corrosion but much flatness, good crown and one full castle, brown toning. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

419. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, 170(4?)L, scarce. S-M21a. 25.6 grams. Full shield with clear (but doubled) oML and 170 of date, which appears at first to have no space for the final digit but the final digit is probably shifted upward and into the crown, good full cross, a little worn but no corrosion. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #138 (March 31-April 1, 2006), with lot-tag. Estimate: $100-$150.

420. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1714, oMJ. S-M22. 23.6 Nearly round flan with bold date and oMJ, full cross and shield (both slightly doubled), a little bit of pitting but nicely toned and solid. With Fisher certificate #NC84-295. Estimate: $250$375. grams.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

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421. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714, oM(J). S-M22. 27.1 grams. Perfectly corrosion-free, with bold oM, choice full cross, full shield, weak but certain date, toned on fields. With generic certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

422. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1714, oMJ. S-M22. 20.9 grams. Bold date and oMJ but all a bit “washed out” from corrosion, also much peripheral flatness, the cross side very darkly toned. With certificate that gives the date as “1715.” Estimate: $200$300.

424. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714, oM(J). S-M22. 14.0 grams. Weak but certain date and oM, the rest of the coin quite corroded. From the Regla site. Estimate: $70-$100.

425. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715, oM(J). S-M22. 26.4 grams. Very solid, uncorroded coin with bottom half of all 4 digits of date, full cross, nice shield, the usual flatness but attractively toned. A similar coin sold for well over $5,000 in our last auction! With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $700-$1000.

426. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 171(?), oMJ. S-M22. 26.7 grams. Bold oM and 17 of date, nice details on shield and cross (half of each visible), some dark encrustation at edge but no corrosion (very solid). With Real Eight Co. photo-certificate signed by Robert F. Marx. Estimate: $150-$225. 423. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (171)4, o(MJ). S-M22. 21.5 grams. Elongated planchet with full cross and shield, weak date, moderately corroded all over. With Fisher certificate #NC84-009. Estimate: $125-$200.

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427. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 171(?), oMJ. S-M22. 20.7 grams. Elongated planchet with corrosion around the edge, very bold full oMJ, good cross, some toning. Estimate: $90-$135.

428. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oM(J). S-M22. 24.9 grams. Nearly full and well-detailed shield, weak cross due to flat strike, as there is not much corrosion. With rare (earliest known) Real Eight Co. certificate from before museum in Cape Canaveral was opened. Estimate: $200-$300.

429. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ. S-M22. 26.7 grams. Choice specimen, totally uncorroded, with full and bold

430. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ. S-M22. 25.0 grams. Good full shield and oMJ, incomplete cross, solid and nicely toned specimen with just a touch of surface corrosion. With Fisher certificate #NC84-315. Estimate: $100-$150.

431. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ. S-M22. 24.7 grams. Well-detailed shield, most of cross, light corrosion, attractive toning. With Real Eight Co. certificate (unknown signature). Estimate: $100-$150.

432. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, (o)MJ. S-M22. 23.8 grams. Thick and solid flan with most of shield, somewhat weak cross, bold PHI- of king’s name, light corrosion only. Estimate: $100-$150.

cross and oMJ, partial date, some flatness but nicely toned. From a 40-lb clump of coins (an entire mint bag) recovered by Real Eight Co. in the 1960s and kept intact until recently, with Real Eight certificate #F-0100, enlarged color photo and letter of provenance signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $150-$225.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325. 87


433. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ. S-M22. Good cross, weak shield and oMJ, pleasing shape, moderate surface corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150. 23.3 grams.

434. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 25.4 grams. Interesting shape (state of Ohio?), with bold full denomination 8 to right of good shield, most of cross, part of edge crude (as made), nice toning, no corrosion. From a 40-lb clump of coins (an entire mint bag) recovered by Real Eight Co. in the 1960s and kept intact until recently, with Real Eight certificate #F-0101, enlarged color photo and letter of provenance signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $150-$225.

435. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 26.5 grams. Nice full shield and cross, no corrosion, lovely toning. From a 40-lb clump of coins (an entire mint bag) recovered by Real Eight Co. in the 1960s and kept intact until recently, with Real Eight certificate #F-0105, enlarged color photo and letter of provenance signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $135$210.

436. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 25.4 grams. Beautifully uncorroded and solid, with well-detailed shield, full denomination 8, most of cross (good lion and castle), attractively toned. With New World Treasures certificate. Estimate: $135-$210.

437. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 25.8 grams. Good cross, most of shield, no corrosion, low contrast. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

438. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 24.9 grams. Interesting shape (sort of like the state of Florida but without the panhandle), most of cross, some shield, lightly corroded. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate and inserttags #138567. Estimate: $125-$200.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com 88


439. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 24.3 grams. Curiously urn-shaped planchet, a bit corroded but with shield and cross discernible. Estimate: $125$200.

440. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 23.4 grams. Good full shield and cross but moderately corroded all over. Estimate: $80-$120.

441. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 24.4 grams. Broad, solid flan with much flatness, some surface corrosion, recognizable shield and cross. Estimate: $80$120.

442. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 21.9 grams. Bold cross, some shield, solid but with some surface corrosion, nicely toned. With Salvors Inc. tag #28450 and generic certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

443. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 26.8 grams. Attractively uncleaned, with green, white and gray bits encrusted onto much of the surface (notably over where a date might appear), which is dark and low in contrast (full cross), solid and uncorroded. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

444. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-47. 17.6 to 22.2 grams each. Five moderately corroded coins with recognizable shields and crosses, cleaned and without toning, great lot for resale. With 5 certificates signed by Robert Marx, also stickers that say Sunken Treasure Museum. Estimate: $300-$450.

445. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-47. 11.3 to 20.3 grams each. Six moderately to heavily corroded coins, most with recognizable shields and crosses, some interesting shapes, great lot for resale. With 5 certificates signed by Robert Marx, also stickers that say Sunken Treasure Museum. Estimate: $350-$500.

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446. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1713, o(MJ). S-M22. 9.5 grams. Full 171 of date, nearly full cross, good toning but moderately corroded all over. With Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Lou Ullian. Estimate: $125-$200.

447. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, oM(J). S-M22. 13.3 grams. Nice full shield, most of cross, partial date, no corrosion but some dark encrustation. With hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1967. Estimate: $150-$225.

450. Mexico City, Mexico, encrusted cob 4 reales “greenie,” Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-40. 13.5 grams. Squarish coin thickly encrusted with green and white bits and shells, just the center of the shield exposed. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate #16599. Estimate: $70-$100.

451. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-40. 10.9 and 9.3 grams. Both moderately corroded but with recognizable shields and crosses, great lot for resale. With certificates signed by Robert Marx, also stickers that say Sunken Treasure Museum. Estimate: $125-$200.

448. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, oM(J), scarce error with denomination as “8”. S-M22. 12.5 grams. Interesting shape, clear denomination, corroded cross, dark-orange encrustation. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 452. Lot of 2 uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-40. 12.0 and 10.9 grams. Both coins a bit corroded but still encrusted as uncleaned, one coin very orange and the other nearly black. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

449. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-40. 12.8 grams. Curious urn shape, no corrosion but much flatness, bold full denomination 4, richly toned. Estimate: $100$150.

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453. Lot of 2 partially cleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-40. 12.1 and 11.4 grams. One squarish and with nearly full shield and cross, the other with full cross and weak shield, both with traces of orange encrustation remaining, light corrosion only. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

457. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-30. 2.7 and 2.6 grams. Two fairly solid specimens with most of shield and cross, good for jewelry. Estimate: $50-$75.

458. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. KM-30. 2.3 to 3.0 grams each. One with good shield and cross but lightly corroded, the other two mostly flat but solid, good for jewelry or resale. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $75-$110. 454. Mixed lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cobs: 4 reales, Philip V, and 1 real, Charles II, assayers not visible. 7.8 and 0.6 grams. The 4R worn and corroded but with good cross, the 1R very thin and corroded but with enough shield to identify the early type. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificates #14336 and 235992. Estimate: $50-$75.

455. Mixed lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cobs of Philip V, assayers not visible: one 2R and four 1R. 1.1 to 3.9 grams each. All 5 coins thin and shiny from corrosion and cleaning but with recognizable crosses, good for resale. With 4 certificates signed by Robert Marx that state the denominations as 2R, 1R and two ½R. Estimate: $80-$120. 456. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, (17)12, oMJ, rare. S-M22. 2.9 grams. Uncleaned and somewhat encrusted coin with full 12 of date, most of shield, probably not too badly corroded but hard to tell without cleaning. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

459. Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ real, Philip V, assayer not visible, possible contemporary counterfeit. 0.8 gram. Full monogram and cross with slightly incorrect details (note the dots border and tressure, also the style of the monogram and cat-like lions), but had to have been made around the time of genuine examples to have come from the Fleet, no corrosion, nicely toned, fascinating specimen. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) tag #BRAN86CAB-004 and generic certificate. Estimate: $40-$60. 460. Small clump of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. KM-23. 3.3 grams. Two small coins encrusted together as found, one coin with clear Charles II monogram facing out, probably not too corroded but hard to tell without cleaning. Estimate: $60-$90.

461. Small clump of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ reales or fragments of larger coins. 2.7 grams. Attractive little piece with lots of green and whitish encrustation coating three small coins whose only visible feature is a full cross on the end coin. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

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462. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ reales of Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 0.8 to 1.6 grams each. Mostly dark and uncleaned, all but one with recognizable monogram, some thin from corrosion but others solid, one with attractive green encrustation. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

463. Lot of 3 thickly encrusted small silver-cob “biscuits.” 1.2 to 3.3 grams each. All three coins in this lot are nothing more than puffy shells of oxidation (virtually no remains of the coins inside), but in true fashion they each have a Cobb Coin Co. number and card, and two of them have big shells stuck to one side. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) insert-cards #13266, 13338 and 13469. Estimate: $60$90. 464. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1691R. S-L9. 2.3 grams. Nice round flan with full and well-centered cross and pillars, 2 mintmarks, 3 assayers, nicely toned but corroded all over. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate #16766. Estimate: $60-$90.

465. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697VR. S-P40. 25.5 grams. Thick and solid (uncorroded) planchet with choice full pillars-and-waves, nearly full cross, 3 mintmarks, nice toning, two edge-splits. With Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Bob Johnson. Estimate: $250$375.

466. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697F/CH, very rare. S-P42. 26.6 grams. Broad flan with full cross and waves, one full pillar (offcenter), 3 assayers (one with clear F/CH), lightly corroded with spots of toning. With Sedwick certificate from 2007. Estimate: $400-$600.

467. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1708Y. S-P43a. 13.1 grams. Choice full cross, bold date and denomination, solid and uncorroded, with large patch of brownish encrustation on part of edge, which also has a split. With Real Eight Co. certificate signed by Bob Johnson. Estimate: $200-$300.

468. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1706Y. S-P43a. 2.6 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with bold Y and date curiously rendered as “06,” full cross, dark and thin from corrosion. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate #19071. Estimate: $75-$110. 469. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1691VR. S-P40. 2.3 grams. Full pillars-and-waves with clear date and assayer, very weak cross, corroded all over. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $50$75. 470. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1694VR. S-P40. 2.1 grams. One full pillar, clear date and assayer, full cross, very thin from corrosion. Estimate: $50-$75.

471. Islamic(?) copper coin. 3.8 grams. Very worn copper coin (no corrosion) with just enough detail to tell that it is not Spanish and instead is probably from the Middle or Far East, your guess as to why it was on the Fleet. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $25-$40.

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Akerendam, sunk in 1725 off Runde Island, Norway

474. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1732, oM(F). S-M26. 12.0 grams. Oddly squarish flan with 100% full and bold date and mintmark, some cross and shield, very thick and solid but with surface corrosion, highly collectible certificate. From the Capitana El Rubí, with original Art McKee color certificate counter-signed by his wife. Estimate: $200-$300.

475. Mexico, cob ½ real, 1732, oM(F). S-M26. 1.3 grams. Bold 173 of date, full oM, nearly full crown and monogram and cross, dark and thin from corrosion. Estimate: $50-$75.

472. Promotional set containing 1 Dutch (Utrecht) gold ducat, 2 Dutch silver “rider” ducatoons, 2 Mexican cob 8 reales, 1 Mexican cob 4 reales, and 6 Dutch silver 2 stuivers dated 1724. From a popular 1970s promotion, sets like these feature a sampling of the different types of coins from this wreck. The gold ducat in this set is particularly nice (lustrous Mint State, slightly wavy and with knight’s head flat), and one of the silver “riders” is dated 1672. The 2 stuivers coins are also typically high grade and well detailed (except for 2 that are uncleaned), but the cobs are worn and corroded (still rather thick) and barely attributable to Philip V. With custom leather case imprinted with EN DEL AV SKATTEN FRA “AKERENDAM” / A PART OF THE “AKERENDAM” TREASURE on top and with color certificate #32. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

476. Clump of at least 3 silver-cob “biscuits” and half of an iron cannonball and other debris. 249 grams. Strange assemblage of material (as found) with a flat layer of black, puffy “biscuits” (separate coins that accreted debris while they oxidized) below about half of a small iron cannonball, with pieces of wood and other debris (possibly some charcoal) here and there, mostly brown and white in color. Estimate: $300-$500.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com

473. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1724, oM(D), very rare (Louis I). S-M23. 24.5 grams. Full but slightly doubled date (which is very rare), full oM, the rest of the coin crude and mostly flat, also mostly toned but only lightly corroded. Pedigreed to the Bruce Prior collection (Sedwick Treasure Auction #1, lot #169), with Sedwick certificate from 2002. Estimate: $500-$750.

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477. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 24.4 grams. Typical choice detail on a nicely cut planchet allowing for a full date and crown and full inner details, with light corrosion (mostly on the shield side) and some toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

478. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 18.3 Full shield and date and cross but very worn and heavily corroded, toned. With Arthur J. Smith photo-certificate #13605 and insert-card #1008. Estimate: $250-$375.

480. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, mintmark M•X, very rare. CT-103. 22.1 grams. Very rare mintmark, all details clear (AU for wear) despite light corrosion all over. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with salvager’s photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

grams.

479. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, mintmark M•X, very rare. CT-103. 25.0 grams. Choice specimen with minimal corrosion (parts of edge only), all details clear and AU for grade, subtle toning, very popular for the ephemeral M•X mintmark, being one of the very few times in its long history that the Mexican mint deviated from its traditional oM mintmark. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with salvager’s photo-certificate. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

481. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, rare. CT-103. 24.5 grams. Nice specimen of the rare second year of milled pillar dollars, full AU details with minimal corrosion (mostly near edge), lightly toned. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with salvager’s photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

482. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, rare. CT-103. 19.7 grams. Nice obverse but pillars side moderately corroded, spots of toning, rare second year of milled pillar dollars. From the “Coffins Patch” site, with salvager’s photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

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Unidentified wreck sunk in the 1700s off Sumatra, Indonesia

483. Large Chinese bronze “cash” coin, Qing Dynasty (ca. 172234). 87 grams. Like typical “cash” coins, this piece is round with a square hole in the middle surrounded by Chinese characters, but it is unusually heavy and large (2½” in diameter), with attractive green patina and tan sediment all over, no corrosion or damage. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

486. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, 1731 and 1732, oMF. S-M26. 18.4 to 20.1 grams each. A set of three different dates, all common and none of exceptional quality, but all clearly visible, the 1731 with particularly full date and oMF, all with some moderate to heavy corrosion. Two with certificates. Estimate: $150$225.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands

484. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)732, oM(F). S-M26. 27.0 grams. Thick, rectangular flan with bold full 32 of date, good but off-center cross, totally uncorroded and nicely toned. With generic certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

485. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 173(?), oMF. S-M26. 22.8 grams. Good full cross, bold oMF, doubled date, nicely toned, thick and solid, practically no corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

487. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Brussels mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1637, scarce. KM-72.1. 32.1 grams. Choice specimen with full and bold legends, full but lightly struck inner details, nice toning, no corrosion, very early date for this wreck. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) photo-certificate and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

488. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1670. KM-41. 32.3 grams. Large and uncorroded but with some weak parts, full legends, nicely toned, somewhat early for this wreck. With generic certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

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489. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734. KM-80. 30.3 grams. Typically choice details all over, just a touch of corrosion around the edge, nicely toned and lustrous. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) photo-certificate. Estimate: $175$250.

490. United Netherlands (mint uncertain), “rider” ducatoon, 1734, with reverse impression of another “rider” ducatoon on the back. KM-80. 30.9 grams. Well-detailed but worn date side with thick white encrustation on other side topped with the blackened reverse imprint of another 1734 rider, a unique and curious artifact. Estimate: $80-$120.

492. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)20(J), rare date. SM22. 26.3 grams. Clear 20 of date, nearly full cross, most of crown, worn and/or weak but no corrosion. With certificate #7286. Estimate: $250-$375.

493. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)72(?), oMJ. S-M22. 26.4 grams. Large, round flan, totally uncorroded, with nice full shield and cross, bold mintmark, some old scratches. Estimate: $125$200.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off the southeast coast of England Cobs

494. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ (170524). S-M22. 26.9 grams. Strange shape, very broad, no corrosion but much flatness, full shield and cross, clear oMJ, spots of toning. With certificate #7070. Estimate: $125-$200.

491. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)20(J), rare date. SM22. 26.3 grams. Bold full 20 of date, choice full cross, most of shield

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

and crown, nicely toned, thick and solid with a minimum of surface corrosion. With certificate #5294. Estimate: $300-$450.

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498. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729, oMR. S-M24. 26.0 full date and oMR, nearly full shield and cross, nice toning, harp-shaped flan with minor surface corrosion only. With certificate #12055. Estimate: $200-$300. grams. Choice

495. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ (170524). S-M22. 25.9 grams. Long urn shape with full oMJ, most of shield and cross, lightly toned, weak strike but nearly no corrosion. With certificate #9816. Estimate: $125-$200.

499. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729, oMR. S-M24. 26.4 solid flan with full shield and cross and oMR, weak date, all rather doubled but uncorroded. With certificate #1315. Estimate: $150-$225. grams. Thick,

496. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMJ (170524), with natural bubble-hole. S-M22. 25.5 grams. Odd shape with sizable bubble-hole (as made) near center, full oMJ, most of cross and shield, nicely toned, some corrosion. With certificate #2338. Estimate: $125-$200.

500. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 172(9), oMR. S-M24. 25.9 grams. Bold full 172 of date, full oMR, nearly full but weak shield and cross, lightly toned, no corrosion. With certificate #1287. Estimate: $150-$225. 497. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)728(D), very rare date. S-M23a. 26.1 grams. Bold 28 of date (very rare date, virtually unknown prior to this wreck), very thick and solid planchet with no corrosion but very weak strike overall, some toning. With certificate #13208. Estimate: $300-$450.

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501. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 23.3 Choice full date and oMR, most of shield, full but heavily corroded cross, still thick and solid. With certificate #12140. Estimate: $200-$300. grams.

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502. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 25.7 grams. Very bold full oMR, clear date, nice full cross, well-detailed

505. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 24.7 grams. Square “klippe-type” planchet with full date and oMR, good

shield, nicely toned with dark patch, minimal corrosion. With certificate #8956. Estimate: $200-$300.

crown and shield, good full cross, minimal corrosion. With certificate #11041. Estimate: $150-$225.

503. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 26.9 grams. Full and bold but slightly doubled date and oMR, good cross (nearly full), thick and solid flan (uncorroded), patchy toning. With certificate #11088. Estimate: $200-$300.

506. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)730, oMR. S-M24. 26.1 grams. Very thick and solid, with nice but off-center shield and crown, good full cross, minimal corrosion. With certificate #12139. Estimate: $150-$225.

504. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 26.2 grams. Full and clear date, doubled shield, good full cross, thick and solid planchet but a bit worn. With certificate #9676. Estimate: $175-$250.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

507. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, oMR (172930). S-M24. 25.9 grams. Broad planchet with most of shield, king’s ordinal V in legend, good full cross, minimal corrosion. With certificate #5319. Estimate: $125-$200.

508. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730/29, oMR, scarce overdate. S-M24. 12.5 grams. Choice specimen with 100% full and bold date (the overdate less bold but certain) and oMR, good full cross, nicely toned, practically no corrosion. With certificate #7584. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Klippes

509. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730/29, oM(R), scarce overdate. S-M24. 13.1 grams. Rectangular flan, darkly toned all over, still with clear date and overdate, good cross, no corrosion. With certificate #4633. Estimate: $125-$200.

513. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F, scarce. S-M27. 26.3 grams. Choice specimen with full and bold date, super full cross and shield, AU details, nicely toned, just a bit of light corrosion near edge, compact planchet with rounded sides (cob-type), scarce single-letter assayer. With certificate #13659. Estimate: $600-$900. 510. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730, oM(R). S-M24. 13.1 grams. Neat shape (like the profile of a table-cut diamond), good full cross, bold date, no corrosion. With certificate #7419. Estimate: $150-$225.

514. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733F, scarce. S-M27. 26.3 grams. Choice full oMF (scarce single-letter assayer), choice condition with full and beautifully detailed shield and crown, good but slightly weak cross, no corrosion, attractively toned. With certificate #10960. Estimate: $500-$750. 511. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730, oM(R). S-M24. 13.1 grams. Full date, good cross, no corrosion but some weak strike, toned. With certificate #6324. Estimate: $125-$200.

515. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 26.7 Mint State details on a very thick, solid planchet, bold 33 of date and MF assayer, richly toned all over and with just the barest hint of corrosion. With certificate #13031. Estimate: $750-$1,100. grams. Gorgeous

512. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730, oMR. S-M24. 13.0 grams. Bold shield, most of cross, clear date, no corrosion but a bit worn. With certificate #4629. Estimate: $125-$200.

516. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 25.8 grams. Choice full date and MF and shield, nearly full crown, good but off-center and lightly corroded cross, nicely toned. With certificate #10973. Estimate: $600-$900.

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517. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 25.7 grams. Traditionally broad and angular “klippe-style” flan with full inner details and much legend (including a very bold full date), particularly choice crown, lightly toned, minimal corrosion. With certificate #10975. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

518. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 26.5 grams. Very squarish planchet (traditional “klippe style”) with choice full interior details, some bold legend, nicely toned and virtually corrosion-free. With certificate #10953. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Pillars

519. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF, possible 3/2 overdate (unlisted muling), rare. KM-103. 25.3 grams. Though the little corrosion in evidence on this coin obfuscates the issue slightly, the date appears to show a 3/2 overdate, which is unlisted for this assayer and would be a totally new variety for the voracious collectors of pillar dollars, but even without the overdate it is a rather nice specimen with XF details and rich toning all over, also a scarce variety with triple mouldings atop the pillars (missing in Calbetó and Elizondo), not to mention that it is the rare second year of issue. With certificate #3144. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

520. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF, rare. KM-103. 25.9 grams. Choice AU details, nice toning, spot of corrosion on part of edge only, rare second year of issue. With certificate #10933. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

521. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733MF, rare. KM-103. 25.1 grams. Full details despite light wear and corrosion, nicely contrasting toning, scarce variety with triple moulding atop pillars (missing in Calbetó and Elizondo), rare second year of issue. With certificate #10939. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

522. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734/3MF, scarce overdate. KM-103. 25.4 grams. Nice XF details all over, light toning, minimal corrosion. With certificate #12038. Estimate: $400-$600.

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523. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734/3MF, scarce overdate. KM-103. 25.6 grams. Choice shield side, the pillars side with less contrast, slightly off-center strike, XF details with minimal corrosion. With certificate #11343. Estimate: $400-$600.

526. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF, choice. KM-103. 26.9 grams. Solid and uncorroded, with near-AU details, some spotty toning. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

524. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103. 26.6 grams. Choice XF details on both sides, virtually no corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

527. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103. 26.2 grams. Choice XF details (especially nice shield side), some light corrosion near edge. With certificate #10345. Estimate: $250-$375.

525. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103. 26.0 grams. Lustrous, rainbow-toned fields against XF details, minor corrosion near edge only. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

528. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103. 25.0 grams. Very light corrosion all over, AU details, rather nice shield side. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $225-$350.

529. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. KM-103. 26.0 grams. Very crisp XF details with light toning, very light corrosion all over. With certificate #4355. Estimate: $250-$375.

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530. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. KM-103. 26.9 grams. Bold AU details against dark fields (especially the obverse), some minor, localized corrosion. With certificate #4475. Estimate: $250-$375.

533. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-103. 25.5 grams. Nicely detailed despite light corrosion all over. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

531. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736/5MF, rare overdate. KM-103. 26.3 grams. Bold AU details with clear overdate (rare), nice toning, no corrosion, light adjustment marks on one pillar. With certificate #4960. Estimate: $400-$600.

534. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103. 26.5 grams. Lustrous Mint State on a smallish flan, 100% corrosion-free, beautifully toned. With certificate #6793. Estimate: $350-$500.

532. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-103. 26.4 grams. Rich toning, bold XF details, no corrosion. With certificate #5339. Estimate: $250-$375.

535. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103. 26.7 grams. Choice AU details against toned fields, no corrosion but spots of encrustation in crevices on obverse only. With certificate #7439. Estimate: $250-$375.

536. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF. KM-103. 25.9 grams. Nice XF details, lightly toned all over, veneer of corrosion. With certificate #5366. Estimate: $250-$375.

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537. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF. KM-103. 25.7 grams. XF details despite light corrosion all over, nicely toned. With certificate #5633. Estimate: $225-$350.

538. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1734/3MF, rare overdate. KM-94. 11.7 grams. Slightly off-center strike on large flan, fully detailed but lightly corroded. With certificate #8396. Estimate: $300-$450.

541. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-94. 13.0 grams. Bold details, nice toning, lightly corroded. With certificate #1040. Estimate: $175-$250.

542. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1737MF, choice. KM-94. 13.3 grams. Nice contrast, bold details, no corrosion. With certificate #4158. Estimate: $250-$375.

543. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-94. 12.7 grams. Broad flan with nice details, some corrosion, lightly toned. With certificate #12925. Estimate: $175-$250. 539. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1735/3MF, rare overdate. CT-896a. 13.1 grams. Excellent contrast, 100% corrosion-free, with clear overdate (rare, unlisted in KM), choice specimen. With certificate #8397. Estimate: $500-$750.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

540. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. KM-94. 13.0 grams. Full details, nice toning, minimal corrosion. With certificate #12923. Estimate: $200-$300.

544. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-94. 25.4 grams. Nice specimen with XF details, subtle toning all over, faint adjustment marks on pillars side and patch of dark corrosion on shield side. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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545. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. KM-94. 24.8 grams. Bold example with XF details all over, richly toned, some minor corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $250$375.

546. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands, portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1662. KM-72.1. 29.6 grams. Broad flan with full legends, bold date, weak portrait, light toning and corrosion. With Rex Cowan certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

547. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1731, oM(F). S-M26. 5.7 grams. Thick planchet with full date, good cross, moderate corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

548. Cluster of 5 silver cobs: two 8R (including a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1698H), two 2R and one ½R. 61.6 grams. Very compact clump, devoid of any encrustation or debris, but composed of rather solid coins with some details visible, the Lima 8R 1698H with clear date and assayer, also partial dates on the two 2R. With Sedwick certificate from 2001 and booklet about the wreck. Estimate: $250$375.

549. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1726M. S-L20b. 24.1 grams. Premium specimen with bold date and mintmark, bold waves and cross, nicely toned, minimal corrosion but the usual peripheral flatness. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

550. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1723M, scarce. S-L20. 11.3 grams. Round flan with full date, decent pillars and cross, a bit crudely struck as usual but not much corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

551. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1710Y, rare date. S-P43a. 24.2 grams. Full cross and pillars (well centered), thick and solid and uncorroded (typical flatness) except for small arc missing from the edge opposite a point at the other end, giving the piece a cool heart shape. Estimate: $200-$300.

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552. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1716Y. S-P43a. 22.7 grams. Typically crude, but with clear date between well-centered pillars, 3 assayers, lightly corroded (solid and thick) but with small parts of edge missing. Estimate: $150-$225.

553. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719(Y), rare date. S-P43a. 17.2 grams. Good full cross, doubled pillars with bold date (rare), typically very crude, not much interior corrosion but large portion of edge missing, one edge-split. Estimate: $150-$225.

556. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1735E. S-P46. 5.2 grams. Bold pillars and date, good cross despite moderate corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

557. Small, dense clump of 13 small, silver Spanish colonial cobs. 69.6 grams. This attractive display is jam-packed with cob minors, the largest of which is a 4R in the center, with a Lima 2R 1728 on the bottom and various 1R sticking out the top and side, the main stack mostly 1R and ½R, with several pebbles and shells of different colors intermixed. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

554. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1726Y (Louis I), rare. S-P43b. 24.2 grams. Big flan with full cross, bold full pillars with bold P-8-Y, 2 dates, minimal corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $500-$750. 558. Compact clump of 7 silver Spanish colonial cobs. 60.9 grams. A dense stack (or at least as close as chunky cobs can come to a stack) containing one thick 8R surrounded with smaller cobs, no details visible, with tan and white debris and gray pebbles in the crevices, a solid and attractive display. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-006/98/CC/080. Estimate: $350-$500.

555. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare. S-P43b. 25.7 grams. Full cross, bold full pillars, clear date, 3 assayers, bold full Potosí in legend, but best part is the full LVIS (king’s name) in the legend, which is quite rare to see. With certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

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Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31


Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique

559. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103. 26.6 grams. Bold XF detail all over, mostly darkly toned on fields, minimal corrosion. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

562. Clump of 5 copper Dutch East India Co. duits dated 1752. 30 grams. Very cute little clump with bold details on the coins (minimal corrosion), some bits of dark brown and green debris, the form of it like a stack of cards in mid-shuffle. Estimate: $60-$90.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1755 off Spain

563. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1751q. S-P52. 23.9 grams. A very thick and chunky coin with straight, clean, tangential clip in edge done before the wreck, 2 dates, good full cross and pillars-andwaves, no corrosion, toned and with orange sediment in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225. 560. Conglomerate of one Mexican pillar dollar 1744MF and glass and other debris. KM-103. 165 grams. One of the neatest displays we have ever seen, with a choice and fully detailed pillar dollar (scarcer date) clinging by its edge to a large hunk of “sea rock” containing at least a half a dozen pieces of broken glass of different colors (white, green and blue), a small, round, bronze object that could be a crotal bell, and the hollow remains of a long piece of iron or wood. Estimate: $250-$375.

Vlissingen, sunk in 1747 off Namibia

561. Lot of 2 Dutch East India Co. copper duits, 1746, one cleaned and one uncleaned. 2.0 and 1.9 grams. The cleaned coin shows a bold VOC monogram above clear date on obverse, bold crowned arms on reverse, the uncleaned coin just green all over, both coins thin from corrosion but very rare from this source. Estimate: $175-$250.

564. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1749q. S-P50a. 11.6 grams. Good full cross, nice full pillars and waves, typically thick and chunky, no corrosion except on piece of edge, attractively toned, the 9 of the date clearly re-punched over another 9. Estimate: $110-$175.

565. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1752q. S-P52. 13.5 grams. Bold date and denomination, nearly full cross, sharply cut edges (as made), minimal corrosion, contrasting toning. Estimate: $110$175.

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566. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1753(C or q). S-P52 or P53 10.2 pillars with bold date, good but off-center cross, very chunky, corroded around edge, darkly toned. Estimate: $100-$150. grams. Good

570. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1753MF. KM-104.1. 25.7 grams. Nice toning, bold details (AXF with weak centers), no corrosion but obviously salvaged. With official, numbered certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

567. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1754(C or q). S-P52 or P53 13.7 grams. Good cross, thick and chunky as usual, no corrosion but some flatness, subtle toning. Estimate: $110-$175.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada

571. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756MM. KM-104.1. 26.4 grams. Choice XF details, 100% corrosionfree and even a bit lustrous, richly toned all over. With official, numbered certificate. Estimate: $275-$400.

568. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1752MF. KM-104.1. 25.6 grams. Nice details all over (XF), no corrosion but still obviously salvaged, faint adjustment marks on shield side. With official, numbered certificate. Estimate: $250$375. 572. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757MM. KM-104.1. 26.0 grams. Deeply but evenly toned all over, choice XF details, no corrosion. With official, numbered certificate. Estimate: $275-$400.

569. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1753MF. KM-104.1. 25.9 grams. Beautifully contrasting toning enhancing bold details (AXF for wear), no corrosion. With official, numbered certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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573. La Rochelle, France, ecu, 1726-H. KM-486.9. 25.8 grams. Typically corroded specimen with clear details on reverse, weak bust, some dark encrustation. With certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

Evstafii, sunk in 1780 off the Shetland Isles, north of Scotland

577. Lot of two Russian 5 kopeks, mints and dates and monarchs not discernible. 42.2 and 38.8 grams. Two large, thick coins with some details visible but not enough to fully attribute, rare wreck. Estimate: $75-$110.

Count Ernst Schimmelmann, sunk in 1781 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

574. Russia (Ekaterinburg mint), copper 5 kopeks, Catherine II (the Great), 1764. KM-59.3. 46.2 grams. Big thick coin with welldetailed double-headed eagle (off-center) and monogram, date certain but weak due to moderate corrosion, rare wreck. Estimate: $100-$150.

575. Russia (mint not discernible), copper 2 kopeks, Catherine II (the Great), 1765. 18.2 grams. Beautiful full monogram side (bold date), full image of St. Michael slaying the dragon on the other side, light corrosion and wear, some original copper luster peeking through, rare wreck. Estimate: $100-$150.

578. Sweden (Avesta mint), copper “plate money� 4 dalers, Frederik I, 1723. KM-PM74. 2599 grams, about 9" square. Large, flat ingot that passed for a coin in its time, with five round stamps, one in the middle with denomination and mintmark (SILF MYNT and crossed arrows), the four in the corners (one corroded away) with crowned monogram FRS and date 1723, most details bold or at least clear, with corrosion only at edge. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20415.8. Estimate: $600-$900.

576. Russia (mint not discernible), copper denga, Elizabeth, 1748. KM-188. 6.5 grams. Bold but lightly corroded, much original copper color, rare wreck. Estimate: $75-$110.

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579. Sweden (Avesta mint), copper “plate money” 4 dalers, Adolf Frederick, 1757. KM-PM76. 2621 grams, about 10" square. Rather large and perfectly square “coin” with 5 clear stamps, the one in the middle with denomination and mintmark (SILF MYNT and crossedarrows) and the 4 in the corners with crowned monogram AFRS and 1757 date, all details clear and nearly corrosion-free. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20256. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 580. Sweden (Avesta mint), copper “plate money” 2 dalers, Karl XII, 1715. KM-PM48. 1905 grams, about 9½” x 9". Large “coin” of an earlier type with 5 stamps clear despite corrosion, the middle one with denomination and mintmark (Sölff Mynt) and the 4 in the corners with date surmounted by large crown and with CAROLVS XII in the legend, all the marks a little worn or corroded but readable, the integrity of the whole piece rather intact. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20258. Estimate: $400-$600.

581. Sweden (Avesta mint), copper “plate money” 2 dalers, Adolf Frederick, 1753. KM-PM73. 1248 grams, about 8" x 7". Large and flat “coin” with 5 clear stamps, the one in the middle with denomination and mintmark (SILF MYNT and crossed arrows) and the 4 in the corners with crowned monogram AFRS and 1753 date, some corrosion at edge but otherwise intact. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20271. Estimate: $400-$600. 582. Sweden (mint not visible), copper “plate money” 1 daler, Frederik I (1720-51), date not visible. KM-PM68. 618 grams, about 4½” square. A worn and corroded example of the Swedish “coin” of its time, with 5 stamps whose details are too faint to read, the one in the middle with denomination and mintmark and the 4 in the corners with king’s monogram (barely discernible as FRS) and date. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20734.27. Estimate: $300-$450.

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Cazador, sunk in 1784 off Louisiana

583. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757M. KM-86.1. 5.2 grams. Nice shield side, bold date on pillars side despite moderate corrosion, light toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $75-$110.

585. Clump of 6 Spanish Colonial bust 8 reales, Charles III. 141.8 grams. Broad, flat clump of 6 bust 8 reales, all worn but beautifully encrusted with green and tan colors. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $250-$375.

584. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-106.2. 22.0 grams. Full obverse details (bold date and king’s name and ordinal), but reverse worn and corroded, typically non-toned. With Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

586. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1783FF, choice Mint State. KM-78.2. 3.1 grams. Without a doubt this is the choicest specimen of any coin we have ever seen from this wreck, and the divers tell us only a few such items were found, and only in this denomination. The strike is flawless and the surfaces are unblemished except for a microscopic pitting, with lots of luster and some orange toning that makes it look like a gold coin. Very rare grade for this issue. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

Piedmont, sunk in 1795 off the south of England Zeeland, sunk in 1793 off South Africa

587. Dutch East India Co., copper duit, 1790. 3.1 grams. Full details (VOC monogram and date) beneath a veneer of green sediment (uncleaned), very rare provenance (first coin we have ever had from this wreck). Estimate: $100-$150.

588. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39. 25.7 grams. Extremely broad flan with full cross and pillars, rather bold P-V and V-P in corners and PLV-SVL-TRA motto across the middle, some peripheral flatness but not much corrosion, lightly toned. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Unidentified English or French wreck sunk in the late 1700s in the English Channel 589. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1656E. S-P37a. 6.8 grams. Broad flan with full cross and pillars, well-detailed full crown above PH, full PHILIP in legend, 2 assayers and mintmarks, no corrosion but some flatness, nicely toned. With photo-certificate #6536. Estimate: $175-$275.

590. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1659E. S-P37a. 5.9 grams. Choice full cross with bold date and assayer and crown, full but doubled pillars between well-detailed crown and full waves, 2 dates and assayers and 3 mintmarks overall, broad flan with slightly crude edge (as made), no corrosion, attractively toned. With photocertificate #6888. Estimate: $225-$350.

591. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1667E, Charles II, scarce. SP37b. 5.7 grams. Three FULL dates (rare thus, especially with the full 1667 in the legend), also scarce first issue of Charles II, whose ordinal in the legend is bold, nearly full pillars-and-waves and cross on a broad, round planchet, darkly toned, no corrosion but some flatness. With photo-certificate #7274. Estimate: $250-$375.

592. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1669E. S-P37b. 6.0 grams. Choice specimen with incredible full cross, full pillars-and-waves, 3 FULL dates (rare thus), including a bold 1669 in the legend and 669 below cross, mostly darkly toned but no corrosion, one edge-split. With photo-certificate #7110. Estimate: $250-$375.

593. Lot of 2 coins of France (Rouen mint): silver half ecu, 1730-B, and copper sol, 1791-B. 8.7 and 8.5 grams. The silver coin in this lot is worn but well detailed, with all legends (including date and mintmark) very clear; the copper coin appears to have good detail too but under encrustation (needs cleaning) and dark toning. These are the first coins we have ever had from this still-unidentified wreck, but we hope to have more. Estimate: $150-$225.

594. Lot of 2 English pennies of George III, one with 1775 date visible. 4.9 and 3.4 grams. These are worn and corroded pennies, but both still show the king’s bust and some other details, and for now at least they are rare for their mysterious provenance. Estimate: $50-$75.

595. Lot of 2 English “cartwheel” pennies of George III (1797). KM-618. 21.2 and 18.5 grams. In 1797 the London mint produced rather large copper pennies that came to be known as “cartwheels” due to the fact that they are bolstered with unusually thick rims with incuse legends. These specimens are worn and corroded, with minimal details, but are nevertheless attributable and rare for the provenance. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England

596. English East India Co. copper XX cash 1808, mounted in 14K gold necklace bezel. KM-319. 7.7 grams. Typical coin from this wreck with nice arms and date, mounted with that side out in a wide, thin bezel with small sailing ship disguising the bale at top. Estimate: $100-$150.

597. Large clump of 50+/- English East India Co. copper X cash, 1808. 387 grams. Very impressive large conglomerate of coins protruding at all angles with lovely tan and blue-green shelly encrustation throughout, most of the exposed coins well detailed and uncorroded, a premium artifact from one of the better-known wrecks. Estimate: $250-$375.

598. Clump of 14 English East India Co. copper X cash, 1808. 228 grams. Big chunk of “sea rock” with embedded coins in nice condition, mostly orange with hints of green, a very nice display. Estimate: $150-$225.

599. Clump of 17 English East India Co. copper X cash, 1808. 182 grams. A very dense “sea rock,” most of whose constituent coins are completely buried in the brown, white, orange and green encrustation, the exposed coins well detailed (one bent), would make a great paperweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

“1810 wreck,” east coast of Florida 600. Clump of 2 coins: Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1792 and Mexico City, Mexico, bust ½ real, Charles III, date not visible, assayer FF (1777-84). 21.9 grams. One of the neatest things ever recovered from this obscure wreck, this piece shows the tiny ½R stuck onto the reverse of the 8R completely face on, the whole piece left totally uncleaned and encrusted (lots of orange and brown) so as not to destroy the unique cohesion of two such different coins, both coins somewhat corroded but still readable. With Fisher photo-certificate #22546. Estimate: $90-$135.

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601. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804TH. KM-109. 23.8 grams. Good details despite typical light corrosion, silvery from cleaning, slightly bent. With Fisher photo-certificate #22137. Estimate: $70-$100.

602. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805TH. KM-109. 24.1 grams. Nice XF details, lightly corroded and cleaned, starting to tone nicely. With Fisher photo-certificate #21827. Estimate: $80-$120.

604. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII (transitional “armored bust”), 1809TH. KM-110. 21.3 grams. All data readable despite moderate corrosion, a little shiny from cleaning but also nicely toned. With Fisher photo-certificate #22084. Estimate: $70-$100.

605. Lot of 2 Spanish colonial bust 2 reales (mints and assayers not visible): Charles III, 1782, and Charles IV, 1801. 2.8 and 2.5 grams. Both coins thin from corrosion but with clear dates, busts and pillars-and-arms. With Fisher photo-certificates #22535 and #22538. Estimate: $50-$75.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1820 off the south of England

603. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805TH. KM-109. 23.1 grams. Good details (especially the reverse) despite typical light corrosion, silvery from cleaning. With Fisher photocertificate #22075. Estimate: $70-$100.

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606. Lisbon, Portugal, 400 reis, João VI (as Prince Regent), 1809. KM-331. 14.0 grams. Perfectly uncorroded VF details all over, first coin we have ever had from this obscure source. With World Treasure Books (Pritchard) certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

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Santo Andre, sunk in 1856 off the Cape Verde Islands 607. Paris, France, 5 francs, Louis Philippe I, 1833-A, anchor privy mark. KM-749.1. 22.9 grams. Solid crown-sized coin with minimal corrosion, clear details (bust of king on obverse, denomination and date inside laurel wreath on reverse), a few old marks, toned in crevices. Estimate: $50-$75.

S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina 608. Santiago, Chile (Republic), 50 centavos, 1853. KM128. Lustrous, high-grade coin (at least XF) with beautiful detail, rare and popular provenance, preserved with the coin in the form of encapsulation. Housed in a Global Certification Services, Inc. “slab” that says “Recovered Treasure From S.S. Central America.” Estimate: $250$375.

Florizel, sunk in 1918 off Newfoundland, Canada 609. Lot of 2 Victorian English copper pennies, 1860, 1863. KM749.2. 8.6 and 8.2 grams. Both coins quite worn (Fair) but uncorroded and with clear dates, vestiges of bust of Queen Victoria, scarce provenance. Estimate: $40-$60.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

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SILVER COBS OF MEXICO Charles-Joanna “Early Series” (no waves below pillars)

610. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” oPo to left, oMo to right. S-M4. 10.1 grams. Full inner details (mostly XF) and much bold legend despite heavy corrosion at part of edge, bold assayer, traditionally scarce issue. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $300-$450.

611. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer G, with large, square hole from nail in center, rare. S-M2. 13.4 grams. This would be a rather choice coin, with full legends and inner details, lustrous and at least AU for grade, with lovely toning, but the interior of the coin is marred by an unusually large and crude hole, which the consignor says was where an iron nail once held this coin to a large piece of wood, evidence of the age-old story that shipmakers nailed a coin to the bottom of the mast of each galleon. Found attached to a wooden pole (ship’s mast?) in a swampy area on the east coast of Florida. Estimate: $500-$700.

613. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” R to left, M to right, rare. S-M7. 13.4 grams. Large flan with full legends and inner details (XF) despite light corrosion all over, the all-important assayer R quite clear. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

614. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, A to right, scarce. S-M6. 12.4 grams. Perfectly round coin with bold legends and full inner details, darkly toned and uncorroded, XF grade, nice specimen. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

“Late Series” (waves below pillars)

615. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9. 13.3 grams. Choice specimen with 100% full and bold legends and inner details (at least XF+), beautiful dark toning on fields (nice contrast), surely one of the best specimens out there. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $400-$600. 612. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, G to right. S-M5a. 12.8 grams. Rather broad planchet with full legends and inner details, richly toned AXF, no corrosion. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $400-$600.

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616. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, oM to right. S-M9. 12.0 grams. Large, round coin with full details (XF) but lightly corroded all over, small edgesplit. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550. Estimate: $250-$375.

618. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10. 13.6 grams. Nice bold strike (better than most for this issue), full CAROLVS in legend, AXF. Estimate: $250-$375.

617. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10. 13.4 grams. Richly toned XF, bold details, choice strike for issue. Estimate: $250-$375.

619. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9. 6.7 grams. Choice details, richly toned VF, nice strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

620. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, O to right. S-M10. 6.6 grams. Nicely struck AXF with choice full pillars and motto, darkly toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200. 621. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, G to right. S-M5a. 3.3 grams. Broad, thin, round planchet with nice inner details (bold assayer), attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150. 622. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, oM to right. S-M9a. 3.3 grams. Big thin flan with bold legends, very darkly toned all over, XF with minor weak spots. Estimate: $75-$110.

623. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, oM to right. S-M9a. 3.3 grams. Subtly rainbow-toned Fine with much legend (bold king’s name). Estimate: $75-$110. 624. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, M to right. S-M9a. 3.2 grams. About Fine with some bold legend, sediment in crevices. Estimate: $60-$90. 625. Mexico City, Mexico, ½ real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M-o-L. S-M9a. 1.5 grams. Choice specimen with full inner details and much legend on a broad, round, thin planchet, attractively toned VF, scarce type. Estimate: $300-$450.

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626. Mixed lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, small coins: 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right; and ½ real, Philip V, assayer not visible. 3.3 and 1.3 grams. Both coins Fine, the 1R with good details but a bit silvery from cleaning, the ½R with full monogram and crown and cross and oMJ but some of it a bit flat. Estimate: $50-$75.

Shield type

629. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 16(08), oMA/F, rare. SM16. 27.4 grams. Very large planchet of typically uneven thickness with choice full shield, bold denomination 8 and A/F, full king’s name PHILLIPPVS (note 2 L’s), nice and full but doubled cross, lightly toned XF. Estimate: $400-$600.

627. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, oMO to left. S-M11. 27.3 grams. This is a choice specimen of what was once considered the first dollar-sized “crown” of Mexico and therefore of North America (that honor now given to 3 Charles-Joanna “Early Series” 8R of Rincón recovered from the “Golden Fleece wreck” of ca. 1550 with an established value of at least $300,000 each), with well-detailed full shield, full cross and crown, bold king’s ordinal II in legend, full and clear oMO, AXF with toning around devices, deep old scratch near edge. Estimate: $500-$750.

630. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (162)0D, rare. S-M18. 26.2 grams. Big, barrel-shaped flan (uneven thickness as usual) with choice full cross, full shield and nearly full crown, clear date and assayer, lightly toned VF with flat spots. Estimate: $300-$450.

628. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, oMF to left, rare error with quadrants of cross transposed. S-M12. 27.0 grams. Full shield below nearly full crown, bold denomination 8 and king’s name, full cross with rare transposition, N’s for M’s in legend, lightly toned Fine+ with flat spots. Estimate: $300-$450.

631. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, oMD (1620s), with colonial-era plug for weight standard (very rare). S-M18a. 26.0 grams. Choice full cross, weak (worn) shield, but best feature is the blatant weight-adjustment plug (a “shot” of wire in the planchet to bring it up to colonial U.S. standard), nicely toned, net grade F. Estimate: $200-$300.

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632. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652/49, oMP, with chopmarks. S-M19. 27.1 grams. Well-centered strike, the planchet more round than usual, with full shield, bold oMP and 8, clear date with obvious overdate, nice full cross with tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

633. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653, oMP, with chopmarks. S-M19. 27.2 grams. Perfectly full and bold date and oMP, full shield and cross with several tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $250-$375.

634. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1657, oMP, scarce. SM19. 27.1 grams. Big flan with bold date and mintmark, full shield and cross, the peripheries all flat, minimal corrosion, VF details. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the “Jupiter wreck” (1659). Estimate: $200-$300.

635. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1659, oM(P), rare. SM19. 26.7 grams. Very odd shape (like a bottle opener) with bold date, choice crown, nearly full cross, but the rest of the coin (including most of the shield) flat as struck, richly toned AXF otherwise. Estimate: $350-$500.

636. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1666, oMG/P, very rare. oMG with certain G/P, very weak date but enough to confirm, full shield, full but weak and off-center cross, light corrosion but still solid, Fine overall. From an unspecified shipwreck, probably the Joanna (1682). Estimate: $250-$375.

S-M19a. 26.0 grams. Bold

637. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, oMO to left. S-M11. 13.6 grams. Big, round flan as usual, with bold oMO, choice full cross, well-detailed full shield, most of crown and legend (full king’s name and ordinal) with backwards S’s, lightly toned AXF. Estimate: $250-$375.

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638. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1731/0, oMF, rare. SM26. 13.6 grams. Bold full date and oMF, good full cross, non-toned Fine, the clear overdate 3/0 apparently unlisted for this denomination and therefore rare. Estimate: $250-$375.

639. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, (o)MP. S-M19. bold cross, most of shield, nicely toned XF with a hint of corrosion, slightly crude edge (as made). Probably from the Vergulde Draeck (1656). Estimate: $100-$150. 5.8 grams. Nice

641. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1731/0, oMF, rare. S-M26. 3.4 grams. Thick, triangular flan with bold 173 of date and clear 1/0 overdate that is apparently unlisted and therefore rare, nearly full cross, bold mintmark, lightly toned VF with flat spots. Estimate: $125-$200. 642. Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ real, 1719/8, oM(J), very rare. S-M22. 1.5 grams. Off-center strike with bold date (unlisted overdate) and crown and mintmark, good cross, richly toned Fine. Estimate: $70-$100.

643. Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ real, (17)30, assayer not visible, choice grade. 1.6 grams. Square flan with 100% full crown and clear date above, choice full cross (slightly off-center), deeply toned XF+. Estimate: $60-$90. 644. Mexico City, Mexico, cob ½ real, 1730, oMF. S-M26. 1.6 grams. Full and bold oMF, nearly full monogram and crown and cross, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $50-$75.

Klippe type

640. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 reales, Philip II, oM to left, O to right. S-M11. 3.4 and 3.2 grams. Both coins typically round and thin with sharp details, lightly toned F-VF. Estimate: $125$200.

645. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF. S-M28. 26.9 grams. Oblong shape with all details well centered and fully visible, AXF with gorgeous natural toning, premium specimen of a popular type. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31 119


SILVER COBS OF LIMA, PERU Early pillars type

646. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, scarce. S-L1. 2.7 grams. Choice specimen of a desirable issue (first coinage of South America), well-centered and sharp strike on a round flan with much bold legend (full PHILIPPVS), particularly nice pillars, the shield slightly doubled but crisp, the crown full, lightly toned and XF+ for grade but with a hint of corrosion as from salvage (like most). Probably from the Rimac River in Lima, Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

647. Lima, Peru, ½ real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, scarce. S-L1. 1.1 grams. Bold RI monogram, nice full pillars with clear mintmark and assayer, much legend, a little thin from corrosion but well detailed (XF) and nicely toned. Probably from the Rimac River in Lima, Peru. Estimate: $250-$400.

648. Lima, Peru, ½ real, Philip II, assayer Rincón, scarce. S-L1. Nice full monogram and pillars with bold assayer and mintmark, most of legends flat, toned Fine, probably salvaged. Probably from the Rimac River in Lima, Peru. Estimate: $200$300. 1.6 grams.

649. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Philip II, assayer X/R, extremely rare (first specimen known). S-L2. 0.4 gram. A tiny but very rare issue made even rarer by the fact that the assayer-mark to the left of the crowned I shows over-assayer X/R, the first such specimen we have ever heard of. Like almost all specimens of this type, this coin is moderately corroded from salvage, but the central design (crowned R on one side and crowned I on the other, originally supposed to be K and I for Charles and Joanna) is all clear, and there is even some bold legend (net grade Fine). Probably from the Rimac River in Lima, Peru. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Shield type

650. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-X to right, with Guatemala crown countermark of 1663 on cross, unique combination. S-L3. 5.7 grams. Typically round and broad flan with full and well-detailed shield and much legend, the crucial P-X to right clear but doubled, very worn (Good) but with nice full countermark, holed at the very edge. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

651. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, (P)-8 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4. 26.9 grams. Perfectly round, with much legend and full shield and cross, yet all slightly doubled and lightly corroded (unknown wreck source), XF details with flat spots and some old marks. Estimate: $500-$750.

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652. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4. 26.7 grams. A bit crude for the issue, with good full shield and crown and cross but legends mostly flat and doubled, AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

656. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-I to left, P-oD to right. S-L4. 3.1 grams. Small, thin, round flan with good full shield, nearly full crown, full but doubled cross, tiny hole at very edge, toned Fine+. Estimate: $50-$75. 657. Lima, Peru, cob ½ real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD to left, * to right. S-L4. 1.6 grams. Bold full PHILIPPVS in legend, nice full monogram and cross, nearly full crown, VF with toned fields, tiny hole at very edge. Estimate: $50-$75.

“Star of Lima” type

653. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4. 27.1 grams. Much legend, full but slightly doubled crown and shield and cross, spotty toning, VF. Estimate: $350-$500.

654. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-4 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4. 13.7 grams. Choice specimen with full and sharply detailed shield and cross, full crown, some bold legend, lightly toned AU-. Estimate: $500-$750.

658. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 165(9)V, “Star of Lima” type. S-L5. 2.6 grams. Full crown and waves with one full pillar and V, L-* and date in between (the date typically missing the final digit), good full cross, nicely toned Fine with light corrosion. Probably from the Rimac River in Lima, Peru. Estimate: $300-$450.

Pillars-and-waves type

659. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1684V. S-L6. 27.7 grams. Choice, richly toned VF+ specimen with full cross and pillars, bold date and assayer and mintmark, desirable as the first year of the type. Estimate: $400-$600.

655. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-4 to left, P-dot-D to right. S-L4. 13.1 grams. Choice bold legends, full crown, full but very slightly doubled shield and cross, attractively toned AXF. Estimate: $500-$750.

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660. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7. 27.7 grams. Large flan with full cross, full but off-center pillars-and-waves, 3 dates (bold 86 in legend), 3 bold mintmarks, richly toned VF. Estimate: $350$500.

661. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1694M. S-L11. 26.1 grams. Scarce and desirable one-year assayer, full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and assayers, Fine with toning on fields, surfaces a little rough. Estimate: $250-$375.

662. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1697H. S-L13. 27.2 grams. Lustrous and high grade (XF+) with full cross and pillars, 2 dates and mintmarks and denominations, bold assayer, very slightly doubled with minor flat spots. Estimate: $400-$600.

664. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1701H, probably Charles II, Calbetó Plate Coin. S-L15. 26.4 grams. Thick, chunky flan with full cross, one choice pillar, bold denomination, clear date, no part of king’s name or ordinal visible but almost certainly Charles II despite Calbetó’s attribution to Philip V. Plate Coin #277 in Calbetó’s Compendium (1970). Estimate: $300-$450.

665. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1727M. S-L20b. 26.4 grams. Choice specimen on a rather large flan with bold full cross and pillars-andwaves, well-centered strike with flat peripheries, Fine with 2 small edge-splits, exceptional for the period. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

666. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1727M. S-L20b. 26.4 grams. Richly toned Fine with nearly full cross and pillars, well centered, crude hole near edge. Estimate: $150-$225.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com 663. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1697H. S-L13. 27.0 grams. Nice VF specimen with nice toning, good full pillars-and-waves and nearly full cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, some flatness. Estimate: $300$450.

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667. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1739, assayer not visible. S-L21 or chunky and uneven with just the centers visible, high grade for the type (XF), darkly toned from salvage. Probably from an unidentified ca.-1755 wreck off Spain. Estimate: $150-$250. L22. 26.3 grams. Typically

668. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1723M, scarce. S-L20. 13.3 grams. Roundish but typically crude, full cross and pillars, 2 assayers, Fine. Estimate: $200-$300.

669. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1700H. S-L15. 5.2 grams. Weird shape but with choice full pillars and cross, 3 mintmarks, full LIMA in legend, AXF with light corrosion as from unspecified salvage source. Estimate: $225-$325. 670. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1705H. S-L15a. 5.9 grams. Choice specimen on a roundish flan with full cross and pillars, 2 dates and assayers, 3 mintmarks, VF with light toning as from an unspecified salvage source. Estimate: $225-$325. 671. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1733N. S-L21. 6.3 grams. Roundish flan, bold partial cross, bold 2 and date between pillars (top of one pillar full), lightly toned About Fine. Estimate: $60-$90.

672. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1684?V, struck overweight and cut down. S-L6. 4.2 grams. Very odd coin that was struck on a very thick flan and then cut down (still overweight) into almost perfectly octagonal shape, the pillars and cross nice but the date too weak to be sure, AVF with peripheral flatness. Estimate: $40-$60. 673. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1686R. S-L7. 2.0 grams. Big flan with flat spots, VF details where struck up, 2 dates and mintmarks, light sediment. Estimate: $40-$60. 674. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1694M. S-L11. 3.0 grams. Full cross and pillars, sharp detail, VF with flat peripheries, 2 assayers, lightly toned. Estimate: $50-$75. 675. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1695R. S-L12. 2.4 grams. Choice full cross and pillars, king’s name (C)AROLVS, 2 dates, 3 assayers, richly toned VF. Estimate: $60-$90.

676. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1699R. S-L14. 2.5 grams. Full cross and pillars, 3 assayers, AVF with light sediment on fields. Estimate: $40-$60.

677. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 1 reales of Charles II, 1686R and 1692V. S-L7 and L10. 2.2 and 2.1 grams. The 1686 with 2 dates (full 1686 in legend), the 1692 with 2 assayers, both crude, VG-F with patchy toning. Estimate: $45-$70.

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678. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1719M. S-L20. 2.6 grams. Round flan with 2 dates on pillars side, one full pillar, nearly full cross, typically crude Fine with patchy toning. Estimate: $40-$60. 679. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1724M. S-L20. 3.6 grams. One full pillar with bold full date, nearly full cross, toned Fine. Estimate: $40$60. 680. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1728(M). S-L21. 2.9 grams. Well-centered strike with flat peripheries, bold date, nicely toned Fine. Estimate: $40-$60.

681. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob ½ reales, Charles II, 169(?), and Philip V, 1706. 1.2 and 1.0 grams. Both coins salvaged, the Charles II with full monogram and cross, the Philip V with bold monogram and date, both corroded, net Fine grade. Estimate: $40-$60. 682. Lima, Peru, cob ½ real, 1710. S-L19. 1.3 grams. Nice full monogram and cross, VF with light corrosion from salvage. Estimate: $30$45. 683. Lima, Peru, cob ½ real, 1725, Louis I, rare. S-L20a. 1.3 grams. Full and bold monogram (rare Louis I), full date and most of cross, dark and very lightly corroded from salvage, otherwise Fine. Estimate: $150-$225.

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SILVER COBS OF POTOSI, BOLIVIA Shield type

684. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (2nd period), “Great Module,” largest flan ever recorded. S-P6. 26.9 grams. The biggest 8 reales cobs ever made were the famous “Great Module” coins of 2nd-period B at Potosí, and this specimen at 44 mm has the broadest diameter we have ever seen! The metal extends well past the legends in most areas, with some of the legend nevertheless flat and doubled, choice full shield and cross and crown, doubled P-B, attractively toned XF. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

687. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (3rd period). SP10. 26.9 grams. Full cross and shield, most of crown, toned Fine+ with patches of dark encrustation. Estimate: $175-$250.

688. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-A. S-P11. 27.4 grams. Choice bold strike with full shield and crown and cross, much legend (full PHIIPPVS, apparently without the L), bold P-A, uneven thickness with depression near center, nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $300-$450. 685. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (2nd period), “Great Module.” S-P6. 25.8 grams. Broad flan per the period, with much legend and full inner details, some doubling, lightly toned Fine with crude hole near edge. Estimate: $300-$450.

689. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (4th period). Sfull shield and cross (both slightly doubled), full crown and P-B, non-toned XF. Estimate: $225-$350. P12. 26.9 grams. Sharp

686. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (3rd period). SP10. 25.6 grams. Sharply detailed VF with full cross, full but doubled shield, nearly full crown, lightly toned and with a hint of corrosion on part of edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31


690. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (4th period). SP12. 25.7 grams. Full and well-detailed cross and shield for the grade (Fine) with contrasting toning, full crown, hole at very edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

691. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-RL. S-P13. 27.6 grams. Very choice full shield and cross (both well detailed and bold) enhanced by light toning, full P-RL, XF+ grade, one of the nicest specimens we have ever seen. Estimate: $350-$500.

692. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-RL. S-P13. 27.0 grams. Bold full shield and cross, well centered on a round flan, doubled assayer, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

694. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (5th period), borders of x’s. S-P14. 27.1 grams. Choice specimen with full inner details and bold legends with clear x’s borders on both sides, nicely toned VF, one of the best examples of this issue that we have ever seen. Estimate: $300-$450.

695. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-R (curved leg). SChoice full shield and cross, bold full P-R, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $250-$375. P15. 27.0 grams.

696. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-R (curved leg). SP15. 26.9 grams. Broad flan with full cross and shield, most of crown, bold P but doubled R, AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com 693. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-RL. S-P13. 27.0 grams. Lustrous XF with full shield and cross on big, round flan, some flat spots and crude toning. Estimate: $225-$350.

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697. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-Q. S-P17. 27.1 grams. Nice full shield, good full cross (some doubling), nearly full crown, full P-Q, attractive toning, AVF. Estimate: $175-$250.

698. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-Q. S-P17. 27.4 grams. Round, thick flan with bold full cross, full shield, VF with some minute pitting, old scratches and patchy toning. Estimate: $150$225.

699. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-Q. S-P17. 22.1 grams. Nice full shield and P-Q and denomination o-VIII and bold king’s ordinal III, also nicely toned and AVF for grade on that side, but cross side heavily corroded. Probably from the Atocha (1622). Estimate: $150-$225.

701. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-M. S-P18. 27.5 grams. Very choice full shield and cross in high grade (XF) and with lovely rich toning, among the best we have ever offered. Estimate: $250$375.

702. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618T, quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21. 27.0 grams. Choice full shield and cross (very slightly doubled), bold assayer T and bottom half of all 4 digits of date, richly toned XF, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $250-$375.

703. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)621T, quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21. 26.6 grams. Choice full cross and shield, bold assayer T with + ornament above (hence pre-1623), bottom of 621 of date clear, VF with lovely toning all over. Estimate: $250-$375.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325. 700. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, P-Q. S-P17. 25.4 grams. Good full cross and bold P-Q but worn (VG) and with plugged hole at right end of cross. Estimate: $80-$120.

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704. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16Z)IIIIP (1624 date), quadrants of cross transposed, possibly unique. S-P23. 25.8 grams. Faintly visible at 11 o’clock on the cross side of this coin are 4 Roman numeral I’s, which is how the date was known to have been rendered for 1623 but was unknown till now for the date 1624, which is the year a major dam break in Potosí virtually halted production. The dates 1624-5 are in fact unknown in any publications except for a single 1624 specimen that we believed was tooled. The present specimen (lightly toned Fine) has a lot of diagnostic detail in the full shield and cross; also a full P+P, but therein lies a dilemma, for all the specimens past 1622 were thought to show P•P instead. Despite some minor flat spots, overall the strike is much better than usual for this mysterious period. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

707. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1628P, rare assayer for date. S-P25. 26.8 grams. Bold full P•P, full shield and crown, crudely doubled cross with clear 62 of date and barely discernible top part of 8 (vshaped) above a flat spot, About Fine grade, nicely toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

708. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1628T. S-P24. 27.3 grams. Lustrous Mint State obverse (full shield and crown and •P•T•), the cross weaker but still full (slightly doubled) and high grade (XF), clear bottoms of digits of date in legend, plainly linked to the markedly better production more typically associated with the following year (1629). Estimate: $275-$400.

705. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, P-T (early to mid1620s), quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21a or P22a. 27.1 grams. Unusually round and even planchet with full shield and cross, a bit lustrous and high grade (XF) but with some crude doubling. Estimate: $125-$200. 709. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1629T. S-P26. 25.2 grams. Choice full shield and cross, full but slightly doubled date, full king’s ordinal IIII, weak but certain assayer, lightly toned XF. Estimate: $250$375.

706. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (mid- to late 1620s), quadrants of cross transposed. 27.3 grams. Small, thick flan with choice full shield, full but doubled cross (one very sharp lion), bold denomination o-VIII, lightly toned AXF. Estimate: $125-$200.

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710. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)31(T), scarce. S-P26. 26.4 grams. Choice full shield but cross side corroded, still with full cross and certain bottom half of 31 of date, nicely toned, net grade Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

713. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer unclear (1640s), with possible unofficial shield countermark at edge. KM-19a. 27.4 grams. Decent shield and bold but off-center cross, nicely toned VF with edge-split, but perhaps the most interesting feature is the circular depression on the reverse at about 3 o’clock on the edge, which slightly resembles the shield revaluation countermark from 1649-52 and may have been an intentional imitation. Estimate: $300-$450.

711. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, P•TR• (large monogram, late 1630s to early 1640s), scarce. KM-19a. 24.7 grams. Crude and nearly squarish planchet with full shield and cross, bold full mintmark and assayer, toned About Fine. Estimate: $175-$250. 714. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 164(?), assayer TR?. KM-19a. 23.7 grams. Rustically attractive cob with full shield and cross (nice lions and castles), mostly toned, clear 64 of date, full mintmark but just the top of the assayer, Fine. Estimate: $150-$225.

712. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)41, assayer not visible, rare. KM-19a. 24.9 grams. Full cross with nice lions and very clear 41 date at top, shield side very crude and off-center, much variation in thickness, VG overall. Estimate: $200-$300. 715. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)46, assayer not visible, rare. KM-19a. 25.3 grams. Very bold 46 of date (rare thus), choice full cross, full but doubled shield, richly toned Fine, regrettably holed at edge. Estimate: $350-$500.

716. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1(6)49O, no countermark (rare). S-P35. 27.1 grams. Broad flan with full shield and cross, nearly full crown, full PHELIPVS in legend, clear bottoms of 49 of date, well-centered AVF with nice toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

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717. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1650O, no countermark (rare). S-P35. 27.1 grams. Very choice and beautiful specimen, one of the best we have ever seen, with full shield and bold cross, full king’s ordinal IIII, full •P-O• and •8-O•, really of the quality of a presentation strike but on a normal planchet, richly toned AXF. Estimate: $500-$750.

718. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651O, with crowned-L countermark on cross. S-P35. 25.7 grams. Full date, full countermark, bold full •P•O•, also full but partially weak crown, shield and cross, nicely toned Fine with light corrosion near edge. Probably from the Maravillas (1656). Estimate: $300-$450.

719. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, P-M to left, rare. SP2. 13.7 grams. Rare second assayer of mint, with bold P-M to left of

720. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, P-L to left (1st period), scarce. S-P3. 13.8 grams. Beautifully sharp crown above full shield, full cross, bold P-L, nice VF. Estimate: $300-$450.

721. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, P-L to left (2nd period), scarce. S-P9. 13.7 grams. Absolutely immense planchet with 100% full legends and crown and choice full inner details, richly toned VF, clearly a special effort, akin to the round “Royal” presentation pieces that started in the 1630s and almost certainly linked to the “Great Modules” of assayer B that immediately followed. Estimate: $225-$350.

722. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, P-B (5th period), borders of x’s. S-P14. 13.5 grams. Choice, high-grade full shield (XF) with bold P-B, also nice full cross, minor doubling, nice toning. From an early 1630s hoard in Peru. Estimate: $250-$375.

full shield, full and bold PHILIPPVS in legend, full cross with oversized lions and castles (8R punches), AVF with spotty toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

723. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, P-B (5th period). SCrude but technically full cross and shield, toned About Fine. Estimate: $50-$75.

P14. 13.0 grams.

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724. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, P-R (curved leg). SP15. 14.0 grams. Nice full cross and shield (sharp details), bold assayer, lightly toned XF with spot of dark encrustation, much better than usual for this assayer. Estimate: $100-$150.

728. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (16)39TR, very rare (missing in all published collections). S-P27. 12.2 grams. Full 9 of date and part of 3, bold mintmark, full shield and cross, toned Fine+. Estimate: $350-$500.

725. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, P-T (early to mid1620s). S-P21a or P22a. 13.4 grams. Bold P-T, full cross and shield, nice VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

729. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Rincón, scarce. S-P1. 5.6 grams. Typically broad, round flan with nice details and much legend, but with odd old mark on shield and plugged hole in crown, desirable as the first coinage of the mint. Estimate: $100-$150.

726. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, (16)2(?), assayer not visible, quadrants of cross transposed (mid- to late 1620s). 13.5 grams. Good full cross with clear 2 of date, nearly full shield, bold mintmark, toned Fine with hole near edge. Estimate: $50$75.

727. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (163)4T, very rare (missing in all published collections). S-P26. 13.3 grams. Full shield and cross, full but faint 4 of date (appears to be hand-engraved into the die), full •P•T•, VF with crude periphery. Estimate: $200-$300.

730. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-L/L/? (2nd period). S-P9. 6.2 grams. Full P-L with the L crudely punched over another L and something else as well, good full shield and cross, VF with some flat spots and a touch of corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200.

731. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (2nd period), “Great Module.” S-P6. 6.7 grams. While the “Great Module” concept is more often associated with the 8 reales, there are also some smaller denominations of unusually large size in this period like this coin, with full legends and inner details, especially bold and attractive cross, nicely toned XF, also with early lions more typical for assayer M. Estimate: $250-$375.

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732. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (2nd period), “Great Module.” S-P6. 6.2 grams. Wide-flan “Great Module” coin with full legends and shield and cross, nicely toned VF, but with piece of edge crudely cut away in modern times. Estimate: $40-$60. 733. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (2nd period). S-P6. 6.4 grams. Round flan with nice full cross and shield, Fine or so, with small hole near edge and possible plugged hole on the opposite side of the cross. Estimate: $60-$90. 734. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, P-RL (curved leg). S-P15. 6.6 grams. Choice full cross, full shield and P-RL (not to be confused with the smaller, straight-legged RL of Philip II), most of king’s name in legend, richly toned Fine. Estimate: $125-$200.

735. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (5th period), borders of x’s. S-P14. 5.4 grams. Nice full cross, full shield and crown, bold but doubled P-B, toned About Fine, probably shaved long ago since weight is low. Estimate: $100-$150. 736. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, P-B (5th period), borders of boxes. S-P14. 6.2 grams. Round coin with good full shield and crown and cross, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $75-$110. 737. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II or III, P-B (5th period) or R (curved leg). 6.0 grams. Full shield and cross, dark-orange sediment on fields, About Fine. Estimate: $100-$150.

738. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. 4.6 grams. Full but doubled cross, full shield (flat in center), lightly toned, worn (VG), and underweight. Estimate: $50-$75. 739. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1617M, rare. S-P19. 6.0 grams. Rare first dated issue, with clear trunk of 7, good full cross and shield (slightly doubled), nearly full crown, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $175-$250. 740. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1619T. S-P21. 6.8 grams. Choice round specimen with full shield, bold denomination Z, full P-T, full 9 of date, full cross, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225.

741. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, P-T (mid- to late 1620s). 6.7 grams. Bold P-T, full shield and cross (the latter doubled), Fine. Estimate: $80-$120. 742. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, P-T (ca. 1640). KM-14a. 4.9 grams. Bold full shield and cross (typically crude), patchy toning (probably debased silver, also note low weight), Fine+ with crude edge as made. Estimate: $60-$90. 743. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, (P)-Z (1647-49), scarce. S-P34. 5.8 grams. Choice high grade (XF), nicely detailed shield and cross, bold assayer Z, somewhat oblong flan, attractively toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

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744. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, P-B (2nd period). S-P6. 3.3 grams. Very sharply detailed XF with full shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), much legend, nice toning. Estimate: $75-$110. 745. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer not visible (style of 3rd-period B). 3.3 grams. Nicely toned full shield and crown, full but darkly oxidized cross, net grade Fine. Estimate: $35-$50. 746. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, P-C, rare. S-P16. 3.0 grams. Very clear P-C (rare assayer) to left of very well-detailed full shield, good but slightly doubled full cross, attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

747. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 reales, Philip II-IV, assayers not visible. 2.3 to 3.2 grams each. Average lot of shield-type 1R (perfect for jewelry but also good for studying the different periods), mostly salvaged and/or low grade (VG-F), some nicely toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

750. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, Philip III, P to left, R to right. S-P15. 1.3 grams. Full monogram and crown, bold P and R, full cross, About Fine with toning on fields, holed at very edge. Estimate: $60-$90. 751. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, Philip III, P to left, no assayer. 1.5 grams. Possibly rare with clear P above blank area to left (where assayer should appear), full monogram and cross, high grade (XF) but probably salvaged. Estimate: $60-$90.

748. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, Philip II, R (Rincón) to left, P to right, scarce. S-P1. 1.5 grams. Typically round and well detailed, full cross and monogram and much legend, bold assayer (desirable first issue of mint), toned AVF with two small holes at edge. Estimate: $50-$75. 749. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, Philip II, small R (Ramos) to left, P to right, scarce. S-P13. 1.3 grams. Bold full monogram and crown with tiny P to right, full cross, nicely toned but slightly oxidized (net AVF). Estimate: $60-$90.

752. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ reales of Philip III, assayer R (curved leg) and no assayer. 1.2 and 1.2 grams. Two average coins, the assayer-R piece small and salvaged, the no-assayer coin quite broad but holed, good details on each, Fine or so. Estimate: $50$75.

1652 transitionals

753. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type V/B, scarce. S-P37. 1.9 grams. Choice full cross and pillars with all diagnostic data clear, also nice full crown, VF, possibly lightly clipped long ago. Estimate: $125-$200.

754. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type V/B, scarce. S-P37. 2.9 grams. Full pillars with clear P-I-IIII and E-•-(E), full PERV in legend, full cross with 52 date below, toned Fine. Estimate: $90-$135.

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Pillars-and-waves type

755. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1660E, very rare. SP37a. 26.2 grams. Perfectly round and well centered on a broad flan, and much more evenly struck than the regular cobs, this Royal has the distinction of being one of the few issues with full 4-digit date between the pillars (Lázaro #162, “very rare…3 to 4 specimens known,” value $10,000), in this case possibly to mirror the “Star of Lima” design of the same date, all details (including legends) very clear despite a few weak areas, AVF, lightly toned on fields that show traces of old gilding, holed at top of cross side (very typical). Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

758. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II, unique error with O/L in king’s name. S-P37b. 26.9 grams. Choice coin with full cross and pillars, well-detailed full crown, much legend including a full PERV and most of the king’s name, which looks like “CARDLVS” due to the O being punched over an L, richly toned VF with 2 dates and assayers and 3 mintmarks. Estimate: $500-$750.

759. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b. 27.4 grams. Good full pillars and cross (well centered), nice crowns, 2 dates and mintmarks, non-toned AVF, first year of Charles II. Estimate: $300-$450. 756. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1664E. S-P37a. 27.5 grams. Nice specimen with bold date between full pillars, clear mintmark P and assayer E on that side too, good full cross (well centered), not much legend (mostly flat) except for PH of king’s name, richly toned VF+ with hint of double-strike that was completely covered over by bold main strike. Estimate: $350-$500.

760. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b. 26.5 grams. Big and barrel-shaped Fine with flat centers, interesting full 4-digit date in legend that appears twice due to doubling, bold king’s ordinal II (first date of Charles II), VF+ where it is not flat. Estimate: $150-$225. 757. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1665E, extremely rare. S-P37a. 24.6 grams. Well centered on a broad, round flan of even thickness (as usual), with full details nicely accentuated by toning on fields, yet worn (Fine) and underweight (probably lightly shaved), with tiny hole at edge, still rather rare (Lázaro #172, “extremely rare...[no] more than 3 specimens known,” value $20,000). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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761. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b. 27.3 grams. Bold full waves and one full pillar, full but somewhat flat and off-center cross, 2 bold dates and 3 assayers, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

764. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 26.8 grams. Choice full cross with full crown and bold date, full but slightly doubled pillars and crown, all on a broad flan, XF with flat spots. Estimate: $200-$300.

762. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1670E. S-P37b. 27.5 grams. Choice strike (well detailed), with full cross and pillars-and-waves, 3 full dates and mintmarks, 2 assayers, full king’s name in legend, XF with just a hint of doubling. Estimate: $250-$375.

765. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b. 27.2 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross (very well detailed) with 3 bold mintmarks, 2 dates and assayers, XF. Estimate: $200-$300.

763. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b. 26.8 grams. Good full cross (off-center), one full pillar with big POT(OSI) close to center due to doubling, lightly toned VF with edge-crack. Estimate: $175-$250.

766. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1682V. S-P39. 26.8 grams. Nice full cross and pillars-and-waves and crown, 2 bold dates and 3 bold assayers, broad-flan VF with minor edge-split, a peak year in terms of quality of strike. Estimate: $400-$600.

767. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1693VR. S-P40. 27.0 grams. Somewhat chunky flan with full pillars and (especially) waves, full 1693 date in legend and bold 93 in center, nearly full but slightly crude cross, toned VF with flat spots. Estimate: $225-$350.

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768. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1695VR. S-P40. 27.2 grams. Choice bold pillars-and-waves but weak in center, nearly full cross with perfect crown above, 3 assayers and mintmarks, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $175-$250.

769. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697VR, possible 7/6 overdate (unique). S-P40. 26.7 grams. Bold full pillars, full but off-center cross, 2 dates, the one below the cross with the 7 punched over something else, lightly toned AVF with minor edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

770. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1699F. S-P42. 26.4 grams. Full but off-center cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 mintmarks, lightly toned Fine, nice for issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

771. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1703Y. S-P43a. 26.4 grams. One pillar very bold and full with bold date above full waves, cross incomplete but with one nice lion and castle and bold assayer, typically chunky, VF+ for issue. Estimate: $200-$300.

772. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1743C. S-P49. 27.0 grams. Typically small, thick planchet with full pillars, full but doubled cross, 2 dates and assayers and mintmarks, toned Fine. Estimate: $150-$225.

773. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1754C+q, rare. S-P54. 26.8 grams. Bold full pillars with bold date, full assayer C at upper right and clear trunk of q at lower left, off-center cross with bold -DVS of king’s name in legend, toned Fine with minor corrosion. Estimate: $300-$450.

774. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y. S-P57. 27.0 grams. Choice specimen with 2 full and bold dates, 2 mintmarks, full assayer V, typically chunky with crude edge, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

775. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1768(V-Y). S-P57. 26.7 grams. Very chunky flan with full pillars, off-center cross, high grade for issue (AXF), crack in edge. From a 1770s hoard found in Puno, Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

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776. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1771V-(Y). S-P59. 26.9 grams. Typically crude and chunky but beautifully toned and high grade for the era (AXF), 2 dates, bold denomination. Estimate: $100$150.

778. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1657E. S-P37a. 12.4 grams. Choice specimen on a broad planchet with bold date below well-detailed full cross, also full pillars with 2 assayers, bold P and date, nicely toned VF+. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #136 (11/1/05), lot #1309, with lot-tag. Estimate: $250-$375.

777. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772(V)-Y. S-P59. 26.9 grams. Good full cross, bold denomination, 2 dates on pillars side (rare to see that), richly toned VF for period (typically chunky). Estimate: $90-$135.

779. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1685VR. S-P40. 12.5 grams. Most of cross and pillars, bold (CAR)OLV(S), 2 mintmarks and assayer, but a bit worn (Fine with flat spots) and with a small hole at the top of the cross. Estimate: $75-$110.

780. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1763V-(Y). S-P57. 13.5 grams. Nice full cross and full pillars, bold date and 2 assayers, attractively toned Fine with old partial hole (not all the way through) at top of cross. Estimate: $75-$110. 781. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1771V-(Y). S-P59. 13.3 grams. Very chunky and crude in shape and thickness but with clear date and assayer and denomination and decent (oversized) cross, toned VF for period. Estimate: $100-$150. 782. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1772V-(Y). S-P59. 13.3 grams. Bold 4-SVL-772 over waves, most of (oversized) cross, typically very chunky but with nice contrast and sharp edges, AVF for era. Estimate: $150-$225.

783. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1653E. S-P37a. 5.6 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with bold date and mintmark and PH at top, good but off-center cross with second date and mintmark and king’s ordinal IIII, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $175-$275. 784. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1660E. S-P37a. 5.7 grams. Big round flan with nice full (and well-centered) cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, would be XF but lightly corroded from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $100-$150. 785. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1677E. S-P37b. 5.5 grams. Bold full pillars and assayer, full cross, 2 dates, toned VF+ with minimal corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $80-$120.

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786. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1697VR. S-P40. 7.7 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves on a large flan, 3 assayers, 2 dates (bold 69 in legend), VF with great contrast, possible plugged hole at bottom of cross (which might explain the unusually high weight). Estimate: $125-$200. 787. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1700F. S-P42. 6.7 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves, full cross, 2 dates and assayers and mintmarks, nicely toned AVF, the 700 date curiously but typically comprised of a 7 punch followed by a sideways 8. Estimate: $125-$200. 788. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1707Y. S-P43a. 4.9 grams. Full pillars with bold denomination, crude and off-center cross with bold assayer, net Fine with some dark sediment. Estimate: $70-$100.

789. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1717Y. S-P43a. 5.9 grams. Good full cross, nearly full pillars, 2 dates, Fine+ with some rich toning. Estimate: $80-$120. 790. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1727Y, Louis I, rare with LVIS in legend. S-P43b. 5.8 grams. Squarish flan with full cross off-center enough to show king’s name in legend, good full pillars-and-waves, 2 dates, 3 assayers, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300. 791. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1737/6E, scarce overdate. S-P46. 5.9 grams. Choice full cross, full and bold but doubled pillars-andwaves, all 3 mintmarks and assayers, 2 dates, the one below the cross bold and with clear 7/6 overdate, XF+ with toning on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

792. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1742P. S-P48. 6.1 grams. Good full cross, 2 dates (one full and bold), attractively toned VG+ with flat spots. Estimate: $80-$120. 793. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1764V-Y. S-P57. 6.6 grams. Interesting mitten shape (the “thumb” due to edge-split), choice strike for era with full pillars and cross, bold mintmark and assayer and date, nicely toned AXF. Estimate: $150-$225. 794. Mixed lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2, 1 and ½ reales: 2R, 1766V-(Y); 1R, Ferdinand VI, date and assayer not visible; ½R (2), Charles II and Philip V. 1.2 to 5.6 grams each. Wholesale lot, the 2 larger coins worn and damaged but the ½ reales actually pretty decent (just undated) with crosses full or nearly so (one holed), Good to Fine for grade, mostly toned. Estimate: $60-$90.

795. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E (post-transitional). Sdetailed Fine with full cross and pillars (the latter doubled), full 1-PH-6, 2 dates, Fine. Estimate: $125-$200. P37a. 2.3 grams. Nicely

796. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1653E. S-P37a. 3.9 grams. Odd shape with one thick point, good full pillars, full but crude cross, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $40$60.

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797. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1656E. S-P37a. 3.0 grams. Very choice strike with full inner details on both sides (possibly a presentation strike of some sort), lovely contrast, but only Fine and with hole at edge. Estimate: $50-$75. 798. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1657E. S-P37a. 3.4 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, full cross, 3 dates, 2 mintmarks and assayers, richly toned Fine. Estimate: $70-$100.

799. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 reales of Philip IV: 1655E (2), 1657E, and date not visible. KM-13. 1.4 to 3.5 grams each. All salvaged and/or holed and/or low grade, but with decent detail and good for jewelry, generally Fine. Estimate: $80-$120.

800. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1658E. S-P37a. 3.8 grams. Choice pillars side with full inner details and also bold 8 of date in legend, good but very off-center cross with full third date, much legend, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $135-$200. 801. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1664E. S-P37a. 3.5 grams. Good full cross, one full pillar, clear date and mintmark and assayer, Fine with peripheral flatness. Estimate: $40-$60.

802. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b. 3.8 grams. Full but off-center cross, clear date, most of pillars, VG+ with peripheral flatness, first year of type. Estimate: $35-$50. 803. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1668E. S-P37b. 2.8 grams. Good full cross, one full pillar, bold date, toned AVF. Estimate: $40$60.

804. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 reales of Charles II: 1671E and 1673E. S-P37b. 3.7 and 2.7 grams. Both coins with flat cross sides but good pillars side, the 1671 salvaged and the 1673 with curiously full crown and richly toned, VG overall. Estimate: $50-$75.

805. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1675E. S-P37b. 1.9 grams. Good full cross, good but off-center pillars, toning on fields, VF details but lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $50$75. 806. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677E. S-P37b. 3.1 grams. Richly toned AVF with good full pillars, nearly full cross, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers. Estimate: $40-$60.

807. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1678E. S-P37b. 2.8 grams. Choice pillars side with particularly full waves, 2 dates, the cross side offcenter but with bold mintmark, holed AVF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $40-$60. 808. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1680V, mintmark and assayer transposed on pillars side, rare. S-P39. 3.4 grams. Good pillars with bold mintmark P at upper right, full cross, decent grade (VF) but somewhat distracting toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

809. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1680V, mintmark and assayer transposed on pillars side, rare. S-P39. 3.1 grams. Full PLV-SVLTRA, certain P at upper right and V at lower right, good but offcenter cross, lightly toned. Estimate: $90-$135. 810. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1681V. S-P39. 2.7 grams. Large flan with full pillars and cross (one lion choice), VF+ with green spots. Estimate: $40-$60.

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811. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1681V. S-P39. 2.8 grams. Most of cross and pillars, good waves with bold date above, lightly corroded AVF. Estimate: $40-$60. 812. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1683V. S-P39. 3.7 grams. Full cross and one full pillar, 2 dates, full assayer and mintmark, AVF but a little crude. Estimate: $40-$60.

813. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1683V. S-P39. 2.9 grams. Large and somewhat octagonal flan with good centers (flat peripheries), bold date, 2 assayers, XF for actual wear. Estimate: $50-$75. 814. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684V. S-P39. 3.1 grams. Choice full cross and pillars but somewhat worn (About Fine), good contrast. Estimate: $50-$75.

819. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1688VR. S-P40. 1.7 grams. Good full cross and pillars with bold date and 2 assayers despite old shaving all around the edge, toned AVF. Estimate: $35-$50. 820. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1689VR. S-P40. 4.1 grams. Large, overweight flan with full cross and pillars, VF with sediment on fields. Estimate: $40-$60.

821. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1689VR. S-P40. 2.3 grams. Nice detail (full cross, bold date, 2 assayers) but lightly shaved, toned Fine. Estimate: $35-$50. 822. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1690VR. S-P40. 3.0 grams. Exceptionally choice full cross, nearly full pillars, 2 bold dates, 2 assayers, nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $90-$135.

815. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684VR. S-P40. 2.4 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves, full but partially weak cross, 2 dates and assayers, part of king’s name and ordinal in legend, richly toned Fine. Estimate: $40-$60. 816. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684VR. S-P40. 1.9 grams. Small flan due to shaving, still well detailed, Fine+. Estimate: $30-$45.

823. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1690VR. S-P40. 3.1 grams. Broad, thin flan with good cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and assayers, Fine with good contrast. Estimate: $40-$60. 824. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1692VR. S-P40. 2.5 grams. Richly toned VF+ with particularly well-detailed cross. Estimate: $40$60.

817. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1687VR. S-P40. 3.2 grams. Nice full cross and pillars on a broad flan, 3 assayers, nicely toned Fine+ but with hole at edge. Estimate: $40-$60. 818. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1687VR. S-P40. 3.2 grams. Full but off-center pillars, doubled cross, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $35$50.

825. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1693VR. S-P40. 3.3 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, VF with nice contrast. Estimate: $50-$75. 826. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1695VR. S-P40. 2.1 grams. Crude planchet with full pillars and decent cross despite flatness, AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $40-$60.

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827. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1697VR. S-P40. 3.4 grams. Big flan with full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and mintmarks, toned AVF. Estimate: $60-$90. 828. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1699F. S-P42. 2.8 grams. Oddly oblong planchet with full pillars, nearly full cross, nicely toned Fine+. Estimate: $40-$60.

833. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1747q. S-P50 or P50a. 3.1 grams. Compact flan with full pillars, good but off-center cross, bold AVF. Estimate: $35-$50. 834. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1748q. S-P50a. 2.7 grams. Two bold dates, full pillars, off-center cross, bold king’s ordinal VI, About Fine with good contrast. Estimate: $35-$50.

835. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1748q. S-P50a. 2.2 grams. Round flan with full cross and pillars, bold date, slightly oxidized Fine with good contrast. Estimate: $35-$50. 836. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1748q. S-P50a. 3.0 grams. Bold full pillars, very off-center cross, VF for era. Estimate: $35-$50. 829. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 reales of Charles II: 1671E, 1682V, 168(?)VR, 16(?)6VR, 1689VR and 1695VR. KM-23. 2.0 to 3.0 grams each. Good wholesale lot with decent detail on each coin despite wear, spotty toning and holes in a couple of the coins. Estimate: $125-$200. 837. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1750E. S-P51. 3.5 grams. Odd shape, bold date, good cross, slightly oxidized Fine. Estimate: $35-$50. 838. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1750E. S-P51. 3.7 grams. Choice full pillars with bold date, off-center cross with second date below, Fine+ with nice contrast. Estimate: $40-$60.

830. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1704Y. S-P43a. 3.4 grams. Odd shape with long, sharp point, crude strike (much flatness) but with 2 dates and mintmarks and clear assayer, Fine for actual wear. Estimate: $40-$60. 831. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1715Y. S-P43a. 3.0 grams. Curious turban shape with sharp points, full cross and pillars, about Fine. Estimate: $35-$50.

832. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1727Y, (Louis I), scarce. S-P43b. 3.2 grams. Full cross and pillars-and-waves, crude edge (as made), clear date and assayer. Estimate: $70-$100.

839. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1761(V-Y). S-P57. 3.2 grams. Two bold dates, good but off-center cross, nicely toned About Fine. Estimate: $35-$50. 840. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1767/7V-(Y). S-P57. 3.2 grams. Choice specimen for the era with bold and well-centered strike on round flan (almost like a Royal), bold date with the 7 obviously punched over another 7, attractively toned VF+. Estimate: $60$90. 841. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1769(V-Y). S-P57. 3.3 grams. Bold date against fields of blue-green (verdigris), off-center cross with bold mintmark, typically crude, Fine. Estimate: $35-$50.

141


842. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1685. S-P40. 1.8 grams. Broad-flan AVF with full cross and monogram. Estimate: $40-$60. 843. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1689. S-P40. 1.7 grams. Choice full cross, bold date below off-center monogram, AXF with dark, contrasting sediment (probably salvaged). Estimate: $40-$60. 844. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1697. KM-22. 1.5 grams. Odd shape, full monogram and date, Fine with light corrosion from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $35-$50. 845. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1725, Louis I, scarce. S-P43b. 1.2 grams. Typically crude but with most of date and monogram and cross, Fine with flatness. Estimate: $50-$75.

846. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1730. S-P44. 1.3 grams. Very interesting coin with jagged edge as made, bold full monogram and date and cross (off-center), richly toned XF. Estimate: $40-$60. 847. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1736. S-P46. 1.6 grams. Oblong flan with nearly full cross and monogram and date, AVF with some orange encrustation. Estimate: $35-$50. 848. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1747/7, Ferdinand VI. S-P50a. 1.6 grams. Great full monogram (first date for this king), clear date with re-punched 7, good but off-center cross, Fine with a touch of corrosion. Estimate: $40-$60. 849. Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ real, 1768, rare. S-P57. 1.7 grams. Bold date (rare thus) despite typically crude planchet, most of monogram and cross, Fine+. Estimate: $50-$75.

850. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, cob ½ reales, Charles II through Charles III, dates not visible. 1.3 to 1.8 grams each. Great lot for jewelry, as each coin has a good cross and/or monogram, generally Fine and undamaged (no holes or corrosion). Estimate: $250-$375.

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142


SILVER (and copper) COBS FROM OTHER MINTS Colombia

851. Cartagena?, Colombia, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer not visible (attribution tentative). 2.1 grams. At first this appears to be a normal Spain cob, but certain aspects (lack of borders, possible letters above and below denomination I to right of shield, etc.) point to the possibility that it was made in Cartagena, its low grade (VG) and distracting toning (not to mention the off-center shield) making it nevertheless affordable to study. Estimate: $50-$100.

852. Bogotá, Colombia, cob ½ real, Philip IV, Plate Coin in The Practical Book of Cobs. KM-8. 1.8 grams. Choice full monogram and cross (which is why it was selected for the ½R study in our book) with bits of legend despite its thick, compact size (very typical for this mint), richly toned VF. Plate Coin on page 44 of The Practical Book of Cobs, 4th edition (2007). Estimate: $150-$250.

Dominican Republic

853. Lot of 3 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, including one made in Spain under Ferdinand-Isabel for use in Santo Domingo. 2.7 to 3.2 grams each. These coins need professional cleaning (crusty green and corroded), but even as they are you can see critical details (the Spanish-mint piece being somewhat rare), good lot for study. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60$90.

854. Lot of 4 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F or oF. S-SD1. 3.0 to 4.0 grams each. None better than Fine, and some in need of professional conservation, but all with enough readable details to tell there are 3 different varieties here. Estimate: $40-$60.

855. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F to left, denomination 4 to right, with full anchor countermark (1/7 real, Jamaica, 1611-16). S-SD1. 2.9 grams. Choice specimen with full central detail and much legend, full countermark on reverse, dark-brown VF for issue. Estimate: $60-$90.

856. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer oF to left, with key countermark (2 maravedís, 1577) on reverse and anchor countermark (1/7 real, Jamaica, 1611-16) on obverse, rare. S-SD1. 3.3 grams. The host coin a bit weak (some good legend) but both countermarks full, the planchet a bit warped from the application of the anchor countermark, Fine overall. From a hoard found in Jamaica in 1973, with small certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

143


Guatemala

857. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1751J, with sunover-mountains countermark (Guatemala, Type II, 1839) on globes. S-G1a. 26.1 grams. Typically holed About Fine with bold 175 of date, full assayer, most of central design, the countermark punched twice, deeply toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

858. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 4 reales, Philip V or Ferdinand VI, assayer not visible (J). 12.9 grams. Good detail (full crown and globes, bold denomination 4) but no part of date visible, typically holed but not too badly worn (Fine for type) and nicely toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

859. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1747J. S-G1a. 12.9 grams. Bold full date, nice full crown, full globes and waves, Fine with rainbow toning on fields, holed at edge. Estimate: $150$225.

862. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1748J. S-G1a. 3.0 grams. Nice full shield, good but off-center pillars and globes, bold date, full assayer, nicely toned VG+ with hole at very edge. Estimate: $50-$75. 863. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 1 reales: 1736J and date not visible. 3.2 grams each. The undated coin in this lot is fully XF, an incredible grade for this issue, with rich toning and attractive strike, the other coin also above average with full crown and nice central detail, Fine with good contrast, both coins unholed (which is scarce). Estimate: $60-$90. 864. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1753(J). S-G1a. 2.2 grams. Choice full date, decent pillars and globes but the rest of the coin weak and worn (Good), no hole. Estimate: $50-$75.

Spain

865. Madrid, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer backwards B (1642), rare, Plate Coin in Calic贸-Trigo. CT-247. 27.1 grams. A very impressive piece, with choice full cross and shield on a very thick planchet, the all-important assayer below vertical mintmark MD to left very clear, AXF with attractive subtle toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of 7/29/99, lot #869, with lot-tag, and also Plate Coin #247 in Numism谩tica espa帽ola, 9th edition (Calic贸Trigo, 1998). Estimate: $300-$450.

860. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1737J. S-G1. 6.4 grams. Full central designs (unusual to see that) and date, toned Fine with typical hole (filled with tan sediment). Estimate: $80-$120. 861. Guatemala City, Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1735/4(J), rare overdate. S-G1. 2.8 grams. Elongated shape, full date with clear 5/4 (unlisted in KM), some bold legend due to poor centering, only Good for wear and with plugged hole. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31


866. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer Gothic P in middle of reverse. CT-179. 13.8 grams. Impressively large flan with choice full inner details and most of legends, lustrous and high grade (XF), very light golden toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

867. Granada, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer F. CT-273. full shield and cross, with mintmark oG(o) to left and assayer-denomination oFoIIII to right (early, undated type), much legend, with distinctive tressure around cross (pointed braces at ends of cross), richly toned VF. Estimate: $100-$150. 13.5 grams. Nice

870. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer P. 13.7 shield and cross, bold mintmark oT to left above weak but certain assayer P, toned VF with green spots. Estimate: $50$75. grams. Full

871. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1622P, scarce. CT-606. 13.3 grams. Full and well-detailed but double-struck shield and cross, full date, oT-P to left, much of king’s name in legend, lustrous XF. Estimate: $125-$200.

872. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1624P, scarce. CT-608. 13.0 grams. Bold full date, choice full shield with weak oT-P to left, good but off-center cross, VF with crude edge, somewhat grainy fields (as made, probably from rusty dies). Estimate: $175-$250. 868. Granada, Spain, cob 4 reales, (159)5F. CT-277. 13.5 grams. Choice full shield and cross, also nice crown, bold 5 of vertical date to left, oF-IIII-G to right, XF with subtle toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of 7/29/99, lot #866, with lot-tag. Estimate: $175-$250.

869. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 4 reales, Philip III or IV, assayer not visible. 13.6 grams. Crude strike (much flatness) on thick but even flan, patchy toning. Estimate: $40-$60.

873. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 4 reales, 1633, assayer not visible, rare. 13.8 grams. Exceptionally bold, full date, with nice full cross and small shield (also full crown and most of king’s name), the obverse a bit doubled, Fine for wear, square flan of uneven thickness. Estimate: $150-$225. 874. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 3.3 grams. Full shield and cross, much legend (king’s name and ordinal), lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $30$45.

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WORLD SILVER (and copper) COINS Argentina (Republic)

875. Argentina (Potosí), 4 reales, 1813J. KM-4. 13.2 grams. Scarce and desirable first date of issue, also interesting as struck at Potosí, which was not in Argentina but was the closest operational mint, attractively toned AXF. Estimate: $500-$750. 876. Argentina (La Rioja), 1 real, 1824-DS, rare. KM-17. 3.0 grams. Richly toned VF with center of reverse weak. Estimate: $600-$900.

877. Argentina (Cordoba), ¼ real, 1838. KM-1.1 0.8 gram. Nicely toned VG with partial weak strike, some old scratches. Estimate: $25$40. 878. Argentina (Cordoba), ¼ real, 1839PP. KM-2.2 0.8 gram. Toned Fine, mostly bold. Estimate: $25-$40. 879. Argentina (Cordoba), ¼ real, no date (1853-54). KM-33.1 0.7 grams. Nice AXF with light rosy toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

Bolivia (colonial) Pillars

880. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1769JR, round 9 over fancy 9. KM-50. 26.7 grams. Lustrous XF with old abrasion in field above crowned globes. Estimate: $200-$300.

881. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1769JR, round 9. KM-50. 26.8 grams. Mostly toned VF with at least one tiny chopmark on field as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Busts

882. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789PR. KM-64. 27.0 grams. Broadflan AU, off-center strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

883. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789PR. KM-64. 27.0 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved), weak strike near top. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

885. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1792PR. KM-73. 26.8 grams. Lustrous AU (conserved) with spots of yellow. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

886. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793PR. KM-73. 26.8 grams. Full rims, lustrous XF (conserved). From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

887. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1794PR. KM-73. 26.7 grams. Lustrous AU (conserved), off-center reverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350. 884. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1791PR. KM-73. 26.9 grams. Highly lustrous AU (conserved), slightly off-center strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

888. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1797PP. KM-73. (conserved), slightly crude edge as made. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350. 27.0 grams. Lustrous AU

147


889. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1797PP. KM-73. 26.7 grams. Off-center AVF with parts of edge crude (as made), spots of toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

893. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1799PP. KM-73. 26.4 grams. Beautifully struck and lustrous UNC (conserved), slightly off-center and weak below crown. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

890. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798PP. KM-73. (conserved), full rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

894. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800PP. KM-73. 27.1 grams. BU with blazing luster (conserved). From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

891. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798PP. KM-73. strike, lustrous AU (conserved), full rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

895. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1802PP. KM-73. 26.7 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved), off-center reverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

892. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798PP. KM-73. 26.9 grams. VF+ with spots of toning (conserved), weak spot below crown. Estimate: $60-$90.

26.8 grams.

27.0 grams. Lustrous AU

27.0 grams. Choice

896. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804PJ. KM-73. BU with blazing luster (conserved), a few old marks, nice strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

148


897. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804PJ. KM-73. Very lustrous UNC (conserved), nice strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

27.0 grams.

898. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Choice UNC with lots of luster (conserved), slightly offcenter strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

899. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Lustrous UNC (conserved), or close to it, parts of rims weak. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350$500.

900. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1807PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Reflective surfaces (conserved), UNC, slightly weak rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

901. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Mirror BU (conserved), bold strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

902. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Off-center UNC with weak centers and spots of toning, highly lustrous (conserved). From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

903. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-73. 27.0 grams. Highly lustrous AU (conserved) with parts of rims weak from poor centering. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

904. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816PJ. KM84. 26.6 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved) with centers and parts of rim weak. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

149


905. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816PJ. KM84. 26.4 grams. Lightly polished VF, good strike. Estimate: $50-$75.

906. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. KM84. 27.2 grams. Well-struck and lustrous AU. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

907. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. XF with beautiful rainbow toning. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

908. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved), parts of rim weak. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $125-$200.

909. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818PJ. KM84. 27.0 grams. Choice UNC with mirror fields (conserved). From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

910. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Lustrous UNC with the beginnings of auburn toning, quite lovely. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $400-$600.

911. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ. KM84. 27.2 grams. Mirror UNC (conserved), off-center strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

912. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ. KM84. 26.7 grams. Lustrous AU (conserved), nice strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

150


913. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Highly lustrous BU (conserved), choice strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

914. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820PJ. KM84. 27.1 grams. Choice UNC with natural flaws near rim and on cheek, faint auburn toning. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $450-$650.

915. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820PJ. KM84. 26.8 grams. Lustrous UNC or thereabouts (conserved) with incipient yellow toning. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

916. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Very lustrous UNC (conserved) with carbon spot in center of reverse. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

917. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ. KM84. 27.0 grams. BU (conserved), perfect strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

918. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ. KM84. 27.0 grams. Lustrous AU with patchy toning. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $275-$425.

919. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821PJ. KM84. 27.0 grams. Mirror AU (conserved). From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

920. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Mirror BU (conserved), bold strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

151


921. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Highly reflective BU (conserved), starting to tone, parts of edge crude (as made). From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $500-$700.

925. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1773JR. KM-54. 13.4 grams. Broad-flan VF, lightly cleaned. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

922. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ. KM84. 26.9 grams. Very lustrous UNC (conserved) with carbon spots, slightly off-center strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

923. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822PJ. KM84. 27.0 grams. Flashy UNC (conserved), nice strike. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

924. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1825JL. KMLustrous AU (conserved) with slightly weak bust, desirable final year of colonial issues. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350. 84. 26.9 grams.

926. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1776PR. KM-54. 13.5 grams. Lightly cleaned XF+ on a broad flan, very desirable date. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $400-$600.

927. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1776PR. KM-54. Very desirable date but worn (Good) and with curious “+” on bust (looks more like a flan defect than a mark). Estimate: $70-$100. 12.3 grams.

928. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1777PR KM-54. Broad-flan VF+ (conserved), off-center reverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225. 13.2 grams.

152


13.2 grams.

929. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1777PR KM-54. Lightly cleaned Fine+, good strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

933. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1779PR. KM-54. 13.2 grams. Lightly cleaned Fine+, nice rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

930. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1778PR. KM-54. 13.3 grams. Lustrous XF+ (conserved), off-center strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

934. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1780PR. KM-54. 13.3 grams. Lustrous VF+ (conserved), good rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

931. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1778PR. KM-54. 13.4 grams. Nice Fine with toning around details. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

932. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1779PR. KM-54. 13.4 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved), off-center reverse with purple spot near edge. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

935. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1786PR. KM-54. 13.3 grams. Off-center Fine, lightly cleaned. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

936. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1789PR. KM-54. 13.5 grams. Lustrous Fine+ (conserved) with crude rims (as made). From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

153


937. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1795PR. KM-72. 13.5 grams. Off-center Fine, a bit lustrous (conserved) but starting to tone. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100$150.

941. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1798PP. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Lightly cleaned VF with spots of rainbow toning, offcenter strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

938. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1796PP. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Lustrous VF+ (conserved) with weak centers, large patches of dark iridescent toning on reverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

942. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1800PP. KM-72. 13.3 grams. Highly lustrous XF (conserved) with full rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

939. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1797PP. KM-72. 13.3 grams. Nice VF, lightly cleaned, with a natural flaws on reverse, slightly off-center obverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

940. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1797PP. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Lustrous Fine (conserved) with incipient rainbow toning

943. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1800PP. KM-72. 13.3 grams. Lightly cleaned Fine+, full rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

944. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1805PJ. KM-72. 13.3 grams. Off-center VF, very lustrous (conserved), off-center strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225.

on reverse. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $100-$150.

154


945. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1806PJ. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Lustrous XF (conserved), spots of toning. From the ca.1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

946. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1807PJ. KM-72. 13.5 grams. XF with lustrous fields, spots of toning, off-center strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

947. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Very lustrous XF (conserved), incomplete rims. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

948. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-72. 13.3 grams. Faintly yellow-toned XF, good strike. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

949. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. KM-72. 13.4 grams. Bold VF, hint of luster. From the ca.-1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $150-$225. 950. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1788PR. KM-53. 6.6 grams. Choice AVF, nicely toned around details, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $70-$100. 951. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1825JL. KM-83. 6.7 grams. Nice AXF, typically crude around edge but attractively toned, desirable final year of colonial issues. Estimate: $75-$110.

952. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1797. KM-82. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU with some light rainbow toning. Estimate: $90-$135. 953. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1800. KM-82. 0.8 gram. Richly toned AXF, part of rim crude (as made). Estimate: $100$150. 954. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1806, encapsulated ICG EF-45. KM-82. Lustrous AU-. Estimate: $100-$150. 955. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1808. KM-82. 0.7 gram. Holed AXF with nice toning. Estimate: $40-$60.

155


Bolivia (Republic)

956. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ sol, 1852, encapsulated ICG AU-58. KM-111. Choice AU+. Estimate: $100-$150. 957. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ sol, 1852. KM-111. 0.7 gram. AU with spotty rainbow toning. Estimate: $100-$150. 958. Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ sol, 1852. KM-111. 0.8 gram. AU with patches of dark toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

959. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, ¼ soles, 1852. KM111. 0.8 to 0.9 gram each. All holed VF with nice details, some toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

Brazil

British Virgin Islands

960. Bahia, Brazil, 960 reis, 1815, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales. KM-307.1. 26.6 grams. Choice AXF with gorgeous natural toning all over, traces of under-coin peeking through bold details. Estimate: $100-$150.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com

961. British Virgin Islands, proof set of 25 $20 “treasure coins” in 0.925 silver in special presentation case. KM-48 to 72. 19.0 to 19.6 grams per coin. The reverse of each crown-sized coin in this lovely set shows a different “treasure” item, from cob coins to nautical instruments to shipwreck artifacts and jewelry, all in perfect proof condition, catalog value of $26 per coin ($650 total) as of 2008. Housed in a custom hinged box printed with “THE TREASURE COINS OF THE CARIBBEAN” on the outside and the same inside with “The British Virgin Islands.” Estimate: $200-$300.

156


Chile (colonial)

962. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1786DA. KM-30. 6.9 grams. Highly lustrous XF (conserved), nice rims. From the ca.-

966. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1797. KM-63. 0.8 gram. XF with lovely rainbow toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1808 “Cuzco hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $300-$450.

963. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1790, encapsulated ICG AU-58. KM-43. Lustrous AU with faint gunmetal toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

964. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1790. VG with some toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

967. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1813. KM-73. gram. Bold VF with hint of toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

0.7

968. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1814. KM-73. gram. Choice XF+, darkly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

0.9

KM-43. 0.7 gram.

969. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1817. KM-73. 0.9 gram. Choice BU, very lustrous and attractively toned. Estimate: $400-$600. 965. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1793, no mintmark (very rare). KM-56. 0.7 gram. Tiny castle and lion as usual, very rare type, XF with light corrosion as from unidentified salvage. Estimate: $150-$225.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

970. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1817. KM-73. gram. BU, subtle toning, uneven flan. Estimate: $300-$450.

157

0.8


Chile (Republic)

971. Santiago, Chile, peso, 1818FD. KM-82.2. 26.9 grams. Beautifully toned XF with a few old marks, slightly off-center obverse, popular type. Estimate: $500-$750.

976. Santiago, Chile, 5 centavos, 1919. KM-155.2a. 1.0 gram. UNC with subtle golden toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

Colombia (colonial)

972. Santiago, Chile, 1 real, 1834IJ. KM-91. 3.3 grams. Slightly lustrous XF, no toning, full rims, one-year type. Estimate: $100$150. 977. Colombia, ¼ real, Charles IV, no date or mintmark or assayer (1790-95), encapsulated ICG AU-50 (misattributed to La Rioja, Argentina). Very lustrous AU+, choice specimen of a popular issue (without any definitive marks) that has been variously attributed to Argentina and Guatemala despite best evidence for Colombia. Estimate: $75-$110. 973. Santiago, Chile, ¼ real, 1832/1. KM-89. attractively toned XF. Estimate: $125-$200.

0.8 gram.

Very

974. Santiago, Chile, 5 centavos, 1901/1801. KM-155.2. 1.0 gram. Choice BU, very bright (white) and lustrous. Estimate: $50-$75.

978. Colombia, ¼ real, Charles IV, no date or mintmark or assayer (1790-95). 0.7 gram. Off-center AXF, popular issue (without any definitive marks) that has been variously attributed to Argentina and Guatemala despite best evidence for Colombia. Estimate: $60$90.

979. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1799/8. KM-63. 0.6 gram. Gorgeous UNC with iridescent rainbow toning all over, part of rim missing (as made). Estimate: $200-$300. 975. Santiago, Chile, 5 centavos, 1919/1. KM-155.3. 1.0 gram. Choice BU with some rainbow toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

158


980. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1799/8. KM-63. 0.7 gram. Lustrous AU+, part of rim missing (as made). Estimate: $150$225.

981. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1800. KM-63. 0.7 gram. Deeply and attractively toned Fine+. Estimate: $40-$60.

984. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, 1840. KM-90.1. 0.7 gram. Rainbowtoned AU, quite pretty. Estimate: $35-$50.

985. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, 1845, with “C” and L” countermarks (rare). KM-90.1. 0.4 gram. Lightly toned Fine with reverse nearly flat due to the 2 unattributed countermarks on the other side. Estimate: $50-$75.

986. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, 1847 (small date), with “L” countermark (rare) KM-90.1. 0.7 gram. AVF with bold countermark on obverse that makes the other side mostly flat. Estimate: $40$60. 982. Lot of 2 Colombian ¼ reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816, Popayán and Bogotá. 0.8 gram each. One a bold Fine with clear mintmark PN and some old scratches, the other VG with hole right where mintmark should be (probably NR). Estimate: $40-$60.

Colombia (Republic)

987. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ real, 1847 (small date). KM-90.1. 0.6 gram. Lightly toned VF with edge a bit crude from off-center strike. Estimate: $40-$60.

983. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1835/4RS. KM-89. 26.8 grams. Nice strike, lightly polished VF, popular type-coin. Estimate: $200-$300.

159

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988. Lot of 2 Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ reales, 1847 (large date). KM-90.1. 0.5 gram each. Both nice Fine, no problems. Estimate: $50$75.

989. Popayán, Colombia, ¼ real, 1850. KM-108.2. 0.5 gram. AVF with subtle toning, weak rims. Estimate: $25-$40.

990. Lot of 2 Popayán, Colombia, ¼ reales, 1855. KM-108.2. 0.8 and 0.6 gram. Decent F-VF, one with touch of corrosion and the other with edge-flaw. Estimate: $35-$50.

Colombia (United States)

991. Bogotá, Colombia, ½ décimo, 1868. KM-150.1. 1.2 grams. Choice XF with subtle rainbow toning, quite attractive for the grade. Estimate: $25-$40.

992. Bogotá, Colombia, ½ décimo, 1870. KM-150.1. 1.2 grams. Lustrous, rainbow-toned XF+, part of reverse rim weak. Estimate: $30-$45.

993. Bogotá, Colombia, ½ décimo, 1871. KM-150.1. 0.9 gram. VF with contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $25-$40.

994. Lot of two ½ décimos, Popayán 1870 and Bogotá 1871. KM-150.3 and 150.1. 1.2 and 1.0 grams. Both Fine, the Popayán specimen with bronze toning all over. Estimate: $35-$50.

995. Bogotá, Colombia, ¼ décimo, 1869. KM-143.1a. 0.7 gram. XF with hint of golden toning. Estimate: $30-$45.

160


Colombia (United States)

996. Popayán, Colombia, ¼ décimo, 1881. VF, no problems. Estimate: $25-$40.

KM-143.2a. 0.5 gram.

999. Bogotá, Colombia, 2½ centavos, 1874. KM-169. 0.6 Rainbow-toned XF+ with weak rims. Estimate: $25-$40.

gram.

1000. Bogotá, Colombia, 2½ centavos, 1879. KM-169. 0.6 gram. Nice XF+, mostly white but with some colorful toning in center of reverse, parts of rim weak. Estimate: $25-$40.

997. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, 5 centavos, 1872, 1873 and 1878, fineness as “666”. KM-170 and 174a.1. 1.1 to 1.3 grams each. FVF with various degrees of toning, popular for their “666” fineness marking in the legend. Estimate: $25-$40.

Colombia (Second Republic)

1001. Bogotá, Colombia, 2½ centavos, 1880. KM-169. 0.7 gram. Lustrous AU+ with deceptively weak obverse. Estimate: $70-$100.

998. Lot of 2 Popayán, Colombia, 5 centavos, 1902. KM-191. 1.3 and 1.2 grams. Both XF+, one with light bronze toning all over. Estimate: $25-$40.

1002. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, 2½ centavos, 1873 and 1879 (2). KM-169. 0.5 to 0.7 gram each. One of the 1879’s is non-toned AXF, the other two coins Fine. Estimate: $25-$40.

161


Curaçao

1006. Curaçao, 1 stuiver, 1822. KM-24. 0.6 gram. Typically weakly struck Fine or better with old toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

Danish West Indies

1003. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, copper-nickel 1¼ centavos, 1874. KM-173. 1.4 to 1.6 grams each. Lustrous AU (1 coin) and BU (2 coins), subtle toning on each. Estimate: $50-$75.

Costa Rica (Republic)

1007. Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands), 2 skilling, 1816. KM13. 1.1 grams. Deeply old-toned AVF. Estimate: $50-$75.

1004. Costa Rica, copper-nickel ¼ centavo, no date (1865), encapsulated ICG EF-40. KM-108. Beautifully toned AU despite slab grade. Estimate: $250-$375.

1008. Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands), 2 skilling, 1837. KM13. 1.1 grams. Bold AVF with nice old toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1005. Costa Rica, 5 centavos, 1869. KM-110. 1.2 grams. Lustrous and beautiful BU with light toning on reverse, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $150-$275.

1009. Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands), 3 cents, 1859. KM-64. 1.0 gram. VF+, deeply old-toned. Estimate: $30-$45.

162


Ecuador

El Salvador

1010. Quito, Ecuador, ¼ real, 1849-GJ. KM-36. 0.8 gram. Fine with nice old toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

1015. El Salvador, 5 centavos, 1892 C.A.M. KM-109. 1.2 Lustrous and attractively toned BU. Estimate: $100-$150.

grams.

1011. Quito, Ecuador, ¼ real, 1852-GJ, encapsulated ICG MS64, rare grade. KM-36. Choice BU, very lustrous and with pretty rainbow toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

1016. Lot of 2 El Salvador 5 centavos, 1893 C.A.M. and 1911. KM-109 and KM-121. 1.2 grams each. One VF, the other XF, both lightly toned. Estimate: $35-$50.

1012. Quito, Ecuador, ¼ real, 1852-GJ. KM-36. 0.6 gram. Nice VF+ with subtle toning, crude edge as made. Estimate: $45-$70.

1013. Quito, Ecuador, ¼ real, 1851-GJ. KM-36. 0.8 gram. Lustrous, non-toned XF with crude edge as made. Estimate: $60-$90.

1014. Lot of 2 Ecuador ½ centavos, 1884. KM-47. 2.0 and 1.9 grams. One AU, the other Fine, both lightly toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

Great Britain

1017. London, England, crown, William III, 1695, OCTAVO on edge. Sp-3470. 29.6 grams. Attractively toned AVF with a few old marks. Estimate: $250-$375.

1018. Edinburgh, Scotland, crown, Anne, 1707. Sp-3600. 29.6 grams. Nicely toned VF with none of the usual problems. Estimate: $300$450.

163


1019. London, England, sixpence, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3710A. 3.0 grams. Choice, lustrous AU- with hint of toning, no problems, popular as made from silver captured from the Spanish by Commodore Anson off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $100-$150. 1020. London, England, sixpence, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3710A. 3.0 grams. XF with subtle golden toning all over, popular as made from silver captured from the Spanish by Commodore Anson off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $90-$135.

Guatemala (colonial)

1024. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1758J. KM-20. 6.5 grams. Bold AVF for type with nicely contrasting toning on fields, expertly plugged at top. Estimate: $100-$150.

1025. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 2 reales, Charles III, 1765P, very rare. KM-25. 6.1 grams. Attractively toned Fine with weak but certain date that is very rare. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pillars

1021. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770P. KM-27.2. 27.1 grams. Very attractive VF, bold strike, nicely toned, much better than usual for this mint. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1022. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1754J (Spanish 5). KM-17.1. 13.4 grams. Lightly toned VF with slight porosity, scarce type. Estimate: $350-$500.

1023. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1760P, rare. KM-26. 13.4 grams. Rare first date of type, attractive VF with weak centers, subtle toning, expertly plugged at top. Estimate: $350-$500.

1026. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Ferdinand VI, 1760P. KM-16. 3.1 grams. Bold Fine, richly old-toned, weakly struck at top. Estimate: $100-$150. 1027. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1762P. KM-24. 2.9 grams. Nicely old-toned VG+ with punchmark above globes, some weak strike near rim. Estimate: $70-$100.

1028. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1763P. KM-24. 3.3 grams. Very bold Fine+ with beautiful rich old toning, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150. 1029. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1765P. KM-24. 3.0 grams. Bold VG, a bit crude, tooled at top to render the word QUE as “QUA�. Estimate: $40-$60.

1030. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1768P. KM-24. 3.1 grams. Decent Fine with good contrast. Estimate: $80-$120. 1031. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1769P. KM-24. 3.1 grams. Old-toned Fine with nice pillars side, weak obverse. Estimate: $80-$120.

164


1032. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar ½ reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759P. KM-15. 1.5 grams each. Both nicely toned, one Fine with old scratch on shield, the other VG, neither one any worse than average. Estimate: $60-$90.

1033. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar ½ real, Charles III, 1761 (no assayer). KM-23. 1.6 grams. Oblong flan, AVF for type with rich old toning all over. Estimate: $50-$75. 1034. Guatemala City, Guatemala, pillar ½ real, Charles III, 1768 (no assayer). KM-23. 1.7 grams. Big flan with subtle toning, VF for type. Estimate: $100-$150.

Busts

1035. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1781P, rare. KM-36.2. 26.5 grams. Fine with no toning (lightly cleaned) and usual marks for grade, rare type. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1036. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789M, rare. KM45. 24.5 grams. Bold XF details despite light corrosion from unspecified salvage, mostly darkly toned, rare type. Estimate: $500$750.

1037. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790M, rare. KM45. 26.9 grams. Very bold XF, once cleaned but now nicely toned, with old mark below ear, possible old repair at top, rare type. Estimate: $500-$750.

1038. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806/5M. KM-53. 27.0 grams. Choice AU with lovely dark toning all over, better date for type. Estimate: $500-$750.

1039. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811M, scarce. KM-69. 26.8 grams. Scarce first date of type, nice AXF, edge slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

1040. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819M. KM-69. 26.8 grams. Lustrous XF, once lightly cleaned but now with incipient rosy toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

165


1041. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1772P, scarce. KM-35.1. 12.9 grams. Lustrous Fine with faint rainbow toning, scarce type. Estimate: $250-$375.

1045. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1794M. KM-52. 13.0 grams. Fine+ with nice old toning all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

1042. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1778P. KM-35.2. 12.8 grams. Slightly weak Fine with nice old toning all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

1046. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1795M. KM-52. 13.1 grams. AVF with attractively contrasting toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1043. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1783P, very rare. KM-35.2. 12.9 grams. Very rare date (fewer than 5 specimens known), richly old-toned About Fine. Estimate: $350$500.

1047. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1800M. KM-52. 13.2 grams. Lustrous, rainbow-toned VF, rather attractive for grade. Estimate: $250-$375.

1044. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1792M. KM-52. 13.0 grams. Non-toned Fine with some luster, carbon spot on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

1048. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1801M. KM-52. 13.3 grams. Non-toned VF, somewhat lustrous and silvery. Estimate: $200-$300.

166


1049. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811M. KM-68. 13.2 grams. Fine with no toning, silvery and lustrous. Estimate: $100-$150.

1050. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1791M. KM-51. 6.5 grams. Choice Fine+ with weak centers and gorgeous, rich, old toning all over. Estimate: $40-$60.

1051. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1792M. KM-51. 6.8 grams. VF with beautiful rich toning all over. Estimate: $60-$90. 1052. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1796M. KM-51. 6.7 grams. Non-toned Fine. Estimate: $30-$45. 1053. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1799M. KM-51. 6.7 grams. Lustrous XF+ (conserved), attractive strike. Estimate: $60-$90.

1054. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1805M. KM-51. 6.7 grams. Prooflike AU with incipient rainbow toning. Estimate: $70-$100. 1055. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1805M. KM-51. 6.5 grams. Decent AVF, no problems. Estimate: $30-$45. 1056. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1808M, scarce. KM-62. 6.6 grams. Bold AXF with lovely rainbow toning all over, scarce date. Estimate: $125-$200.

1057. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1814M, scarce. KM-67. 6.8 grams. Lustrous XF with weak centers, no toning, scarce date. Estimate: $150-$225. 1058. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817M. KM-67. 6.7 grams. Non-toned, lustrous XF with full rims, very nice. Estimate: $100-$150. 1059. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1772P. KM-33.1. 3.3 grams. Broad VF with subtle toning, full rims, punchmark above IND. Estimate: $125-$200.

167


1060. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1780P. KM-33.2. 3.2 grams. Lightly toned Fine with part of rim crude (as made), slightly porous surfaces. Estimate: $35-$50. 1061. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1783P. KM-33.2. 3.2 grams. Lustrous VF, no toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $70-$100.

1062. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1801M. KM-54. 3.4 grams. Non-toned AVF, somewhat lustrous, offcenter strike. Estimate: $50-$75. 1063. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1804M. KM-54 3.4 grams. Choice, lustrous XF+ with hint of toning, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

1064. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1808M. KM-61. 3.2 grams. Beautifully toned Fine+, no problems, choice coin for the grade. Estimate: $50-$75. 1065. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821M. 3.3 grams. Gorgeous AU with luster peeking through rich old toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

1066. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Charles III, 1772P. KM-32.1. 1.6 grams. Broad-flan AVF with subtle rainbow toning. Estimate: $60-$90. 1067. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Charles III, 1773P. KM-32.1. 1.8 grams. Fine with nice old toning, slightly offcenter strike. Estimate: $30-$45. 1068. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Charles III, 1787M. KM-32.2a. 1.7 grams. Highly lustrous (conserved) VF struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $60$90.

1069. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789M. KM-41. 1.5 grams. Non-toned and lustrous, with XF details despite very light corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $70-$100. 1070. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ reales, Charles III and Charles IV transitional, 1783P and 1789M. KM32.2, 41. 1.6 and 1.5 grams. Both nicely toned About Fine, the 1783 with minor pockmarks. Estimate: $50-$75.

1071. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Charles IV, 1807M. KM-50. 1.6 grams. Lustrous, non-toned AVF. Estimate: $50$75. 1072. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Ferdinand VII, 1812M, scarce. KM-65. 1.5 grams. Lightly toned Fine with weak bust, slightly crude rim (as made), scarce date. Estimate: $35-$50.

1073. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Ferdinand VII, 1813M, scarce. KM-65. 1.7 grams. Deeply old-toned Fine, no problems, scarce date. Estimate: $60-$90. 1074. Guatemala City, Guatemala, bust ½ real, Ferdinand VII, 1817M, lustrous AU with adjustment marks. KM-65. 1.8 grams. Highly lustrous AU with slightly weak centers, off-center strike, and adjustment marks on bust, still quite dazzling due to its grade. Estimate: $100-$150.

1075. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1796. KM-59 0.8 gram. Nice XF, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

168


1076. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1796. KM-59 0.8 gram. Bold and attractive XF with light toning. Estimate: $70$100. 1077. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1800. KM-59. 0.8 gram. Non-toned AXF. Estimate: $60-$90. 1078. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1801. KM-59. 0.9 gram. Very bold XF with great contrasting toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

1079. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1802. KM-59. 0.8 gram. XF with rich and colorful old toning, trivial marks. Estimate: $75-$110. 1080. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1803. KM-59 0.8 gram. Partially toned VF with weak rims. Estimate: $60-$90. 1081. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1803. KM-59. 0.8 gram. Non-toned VF, off-center reverse. Estimate: $50-$75.

1082. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1807. KM-59. 0.8 gram. AXF with very dark toning on fields (great contrast). Estimate: $60-$90. 1083. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1809. KM-72. 0.8 gram. VF+ with subtle toning, partially weak rims. Estimate: $60-$90. 1084. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1810. KM-72. 1.0 gram. Broad-flan XF, very pleasing. Estimate: $70-$100.

1085. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ reales, Ferdinand VII, 1808 and 1811/09. KM-72. 0.9 and 0.6 gram. The 1808 is a nicely toned but holed VF; the 1811/09 is Fine+ without toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

1086. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1813. KM-72. 0.7 gram. Bold VF with nice, even toning. Estimate: $50$75. 1087. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1819. KM-72 0.9 gram. Rosy-toned XF+, choice strike. Estimate: $75-$110.

169


1088. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1820. KM-72. 0.9 gram. Attractively toned XF. Estimate: $75-$110. 1089. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1821, encapsulated ICG MS-64. KM-72. Choice, prooflike BU with gorgeous russet toning. Estimate: $350-$500. 1090. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1821, encapsulated ICG MS-63. KM-72. Highly lustrous mirror BU with subtle toning, absolutely stunning. Estimate: $350-$500.

Guatemala (Central American Republic)

1091. Guatemala City, Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1847A. KM-4. 26.8 grams. Lustrous XF with a hint of toning, a few trivial old marks. Estimate: $200-$300.

1092. Guatemala City, Guatemala, Central American Republic, ¼ real, 1840/30G, encapsulated ICG MS-65. KM-1. Choice, prooflike BU, highly lustrous, perfect in every way. Estimate: $200$300.

1093. Guatemala City, Guatemala, Central American Republic, ¼ real, 1840/30G. KM-1. 0.8 gram. VF+ with hint of toning, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $25-$40.

1094. Guatemala City, Guatemala, Central American Republic, ¼ real, 1843G. KM-1. 0.8 gram. Bold AXF, nicely toned, rims a little crude (as made). Estimate: $30-$45. 1095. Lot of 7 Guatemala City, Guatemala, Central American Republic, ¼ reales, 1826, 1831 (2), 1837, 1840/30, 1842/29 and 1844. KM-1. 0.7 to 0.8 gram each. Very competent lot of average-grade coins (Fine to VF), a few with minor flaws, mostly nicely toned. Estimate: $50-$75.

170


Guatemala (Republic/Carrera)

1096. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1864R, with unidentified crowned-bull(?) countermark on neck. KM-182. 24.4 grams. Nice VF with subtle toning, the full countermark quite welldetailed and full but currently unidentified and believed to be rare. Estimate: $150-$500.

1099. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1894 counterstamp on Santiago, Chile, peso of 1872. KM-216. 24.7 grams. Coin VF, counterstamp XF, toning only above eagle’s head. Estimate: $60$90.

1100. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1894 counterstamp on Lima, Peru, sol of 1888TF. KM-224. 24.8 grams. Coin XF, counterstamp AU, much luster, starting to tone. Estimate: $50$75. 1097. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1864R. KM-182. 24.4 grams. Lustrous XF with incipient rainbow toning. Estimate: $100$150.

Guatemala (Republic)

1101. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1894 counterstamp on El Salvador peso of 1892, rare. KM-227. 25.0 grams. Rare combination of coin and counterstamp (catalog value of $2000 in KM), XF with subtle gunmetal toning. Estimate: $750-$1,500. 1098. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1889MG, scarce. KM208. 24.9 grams. Lustrous XF+ with pretty golden toning around rims. Estimate: $500-$750.

1102. Guatemala City, Guatemala, peso, 1897. KM-210. 24.9 grams. Lustrous AU, no toning. Estimate: $75-$110. 1103. Guatemala City, Guatemala, Âź real, 1874P. KM-146. 0.8 gram. UNC, nicely toned. Estimate: $40-$60.

171


1104. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1875/3P. KM-146. 0.6 gram. Lustrous UNC with beautiful rainbow toning. Estimate: $70$100.

1105. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1875/3P. KM-146. 0.7 gram. Very lustrous UNC, no toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

1109. Lot of 4 Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1873/2P (2), 1875/3P, and 1876P. KM-146. 0.6 to 0.8 gram each. All XF, 2 of them beginning to tone. Estimate: $60-$90. 1106. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1875/3P. KM-146. 0.7 gram. Lustrous UNC with incipient toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

1107. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1875/3P. KM-146. 0.7 gram. UNC with golden russet toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

1110. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1878/1864 mule, encapsulated ICG AU-50, very rare. KM-146/130 mule. Lustrous, toned AU, a very rare mule that is unlisted in all references and may be unique. Estimate: $100-$200.

1108. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1876P, encapsulated ICG MS-65. KM-146. Gem BU, very lustrous, with pretty bluish toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

1111. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1878 small G and 1878 large G. KM-146a.3. 0.8 gram each. Richly rainbow-toned AU and UNC. Estimate: $40-$60.

172


1112. Lot of 2 Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1878 no G and 1878 large G. KM-146a.1 and 146a.3. 0.8 gram each. Both XF with subtle toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

1113. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1883, rare. KM-151. 0.7 gram. Prooflike AU with spots of toning, key date. Estimate: $80-$120. 1114. Lot of 6 Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1879 doubled date, 1879 normal date, 1880, 1884 (2) and 1886/5. KM-151. 0.7 to 0.8 gram each. Mixed grades (VF to UNC), all rather nice, some lustrous, some toned. Estimate: $35-$50.

1115. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1893/2, “lion type”. KM-159. 0.8 gram. Highly lustrous BU, very eye-catching. Estimate: $30-$45. 1116. Lot of 4 “lion type” Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1888 and 1893/2 (3). KM-156 and 159. 0.7 to 0.8 gram each. XF-AU, mostly lightly toned, very popular type for jewelry. Estimate: $80$120.

1117. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1889G. gram. AU+, nicely toned. Estimate: $20-$30.

KM-157. 0.7

173


1118. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1889, encapsulated ICG MS-64. KM-158. Lustrous BU with bluish toning, re-punched date. Estimate: $35-$50. 1119. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1890. KM-158. 0.7 gram. Mirror BU. Estimate: $25-$40. 1120. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1893/2. KM-161. 0.8 gram. Highly lustrous BU, very flashy. Estimate: $25-$40.

1121. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1893/2. KM-161. 0.8 gram. Lustrous BU with subtle toning. Estimate: $25-$40. 1122. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1894H. KM-162. 0.8 gram. UNC with spotty toning. Estimate: $20-$30. 1123. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1895. KM-162. 0.8 gram. Very lustrous BU with incipient violet toning on obverse. Estimate: $25-$40.

1124. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1896. KM-162. 0.8 gram. Highly lustrous BU, very bright. Estimate: $25-$40. 1125. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1896. KM-162. 0.8 gram. Lustrous BU with lovely iridescent toning. Estimate: $25-$40. 1126. Guatemala City, Guatemala, ¼ real, 1898, encapsulated ICG MS-64. KM-162. Choice BU, highly lustrous, no toning. Estimate: $35-$50. 1127. Ten-coin mini-collection of UNC Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, all different (1889 normal and doubled date, 1890, 1891, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897 and 1898). KM-158 and 162. 0.6 to 0.8 gram each. All UNC, some with toning, most with luster, a great little high-grade “starter” collection. Estimate: $100-$150.

174


1128. Eight-coin mini-collection of UNC Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1889 (6), 1890 and 1891. KM-158. 0.6 to 0.8 gram each. All UNC, some with toning, most with luster, a great little high-grade “starter” collection. Estimate: $80-$120.

1129. Ten-coin mini-collection of UNC Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1895 (2), 1896 (4), 1897 and 1898 (3). KM-162. 0.8 gram each. All UNC, some with toning, most with luster, a great little high-grade “starter” collection. Estimate: $50-$75.

1130. Fifteen-piece lot of Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1889 (6), 1890 (4), 1893 (2), 1894, 1895 and 1899. KM-158, 159 and 162. 0.6 to 0.8 gram each. Mixed grades of VF to AU, some toned, some lustrous, a great little “starter” collection. Estimate: $50-$75.

175


1131. Lot of 100 “lion”-type Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1861-1893. KM-130 through 159. Mixed grades of VF to AU, all with the popular lion design on one side that jewelers love for rings and earrings but also necessary for date collectors. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1132. Large lot of 240 Guatemala City, Guatemala, “sun-overvolcanoes”-type ¼ reales, 1872-93. KM-146 through 161. Nearly all high grade (XF to UNC), some lustrous, some toned, but all with attractive designs that lend themselves well to jewelry (perfect for rings and earrings) but also a very satisfying and inexpensive series to collect (instant date collection!). Estimate: $600-$900.

1133. Seven-coin mini-collection of copper-nickel Guatemala City, Guatemala ¼ reales, 1900H (3) and 1901H (4). grades of XF to UNC, all nice specimens with various degrees of toning. Estimate: $35-$50.

KM-175. 1.1

grams each. Mixed

Guyana

Honduras

1134. British Guyana, 1/8 guilder, 1836. KM-22. 0.9 gram. Nicely toned AVF, cute little coin. Estimate: $25-$40.

1135. Comayagua, Honduras, “imitation” cob ½ real, 1823, extremely rare. KM-unlisted. 1.3 gram. Extremely rare first coinage of Honduras with stylized monogram and cross in imitation of the Potosí ½ real of Philip V, variety unlisted in KM and only recently attributed by experts, nicely toned VF with predictable hole. Estimate: $1,000-$2,000.

176


1136. Honduras, 5 centavos, 1886, broken die. KM-54. 1.2 grams. Lustrous BU with extra metal on part of rim due to broken die, incipient toning. Estimate: $200-$300. 1137. Honduras, peso, 1894/2 (open 4). KM-62. 25.1 grams. Nicely toned VF+, no problems. Estimate: $75-$110.

Mexico (colonial) Pillars

1138. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F, very rare. KM-103. 21.6 grams. Very rare first date of issue, typically salvaged (unspecified source) but with all details clear (VF or so) despite moderate corrosion, a couple spots of encrustation, nicely toned. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1139. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-103. 26.5 grams. Salvaged XF (minimal corrosion), unspecified source, some rainbow toning, rather pretty. Estimate: $250-$375.

1140. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740/30MF, with chopmarks. KM-103. 26.7 grams. Lightly toned XF with several small chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient, natural bulge in planchet to left of leftmost pillar. Estimate: $250-$375.

1141. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-103. 26.5 grams. XF with beautifully contrasting toning, some surface pitting. Estimate: $200-$300.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com 1142. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1743MF. KM-103. 26.8 grams. Choice XF with very rich old toning, simply lovely. Estimate: $300-$450.

177


1143. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF. KM-103. 26.9 grams. Lightly toned XF, very nice and natural. Estimate: $300-$450.

1147. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1769MF. KM-105. 26.7 grams. Decent AVF, no toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1144. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1749MF. KM-104.1. 26.7 grams. Attractive VF+ with unidentified 4petal-flower mark above crown, light adjustment marks on shield, subtle toning, very nice for the grade. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-105. 26.7 grams.

1145. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1752MF. KM-104.1. 26.7 grams. VF with scratches, negligible toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-105. 26.6 grams. Well-toned

1146. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755MM. KM-104.2. 26.8 grams. Very choice AXF, elegantly toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

1148. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770MF. Nice VF with attractive light toning all over, faint evidence of mounting on obverse (two small circles of brighter silver on fields). Estimate: $200-$300.

1149. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770FM. VF (slightly weakly struck and offcenter reverse) with several tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $175-$250.

1150. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770FM. Lightly polished Fine, partially weakly struck. Estimate: $100-$150. KM-105. 25.5 grams.

178


1151. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1733MF, very rare. KM-94. 12.9 grams. Attractively toned VF with attempted hole and old jewelry damage, still a competent specimen of a traditionally very rare second-date issue. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1155. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1788FM, encapsulated ICG-AU55. KM-106.2a. Prooflike UNC (despite the slab grade) with much luster and light toning, slightly weak in center on reverse, a very lovely specimen. Estimate: $350-$500.

1152. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1735MF, rare. KM-94. 12.7 grams. Fine with dark contrasting toning, plugged at top, rare early date. Estimate: $200-$300.

Busts

1156. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1788FM, encapsulated ICG-AU53. KM-106.2a. Subtly toned AU with muted luster. Estimate: $175-$275.

1153. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1781FF, encapsulated ICG-AU50. KM-106.2. Nice XF+, lightly brown-toned here and there, no problems. Estimate: $150-$225.

1157. Mexico City, Mexico, bust ½ real, Charles IV, 1808/18TH, unique error. 1.6 grams. Completely unlisted error (clear 0/1), nicely toned XF, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

1158. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, Âź reales, Charles IV, 1797 and 1800. KM-62. 0.8 gram each. Crude Fine and holed VF, the latter nicely toned. Estimate: $60-$90. 1154. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1784FM, encapsulated ICG-AU50. KM-106.2. Light toning all over, slightly off-center strike, XF. Estimate: $150-$225.

179


1159. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1803. KM-62. 0.8 gram. Choice AU with gorgeous toning in many colors. Estimate: $70$100. 1160. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1816. KM-62. 0.8 gram. Very lustrous AU with mostly dark toning, quite nice. Estimate: $70-$100. 1161. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ reales, Ferdinand VII, 1813 and 1816. KM-62. 0.8 and 0.7 gram. The 1813 is VG and damaged from former mounting, and the 1816 is an attractive VF with hole. Estimate: $50-$75.

Mexico (War for Independence) Chihuahua

Durango

1162. Chihuahua, Mexico (War for Independence), cast bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812RP, with countermarks T and pillars/pomegranate on obverse. KM-123. 25.5 grams. Bold but typically very crude strike, Fine for issue, nicely toned all over. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #106, lot #2182. Estimate: $80$120.

1164. Durango, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816MZ. KM-111.2. 26.7 grams. Weakly struck VF (typically crude, especially the edge), the important details still clear, no toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

1163. Chihuahua, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818RP, with countermarks T and pillars/ pomegranate on obverse. KM-111.1. 25.6 grams. Typically crude strike, Fine for issue, attractive toning. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #76, lot #1026. Estimate: $150-$225.

1165. Durango, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817MZ. KM-111.2. 25.6 grams. Fine for issue, typically very crude and weakly struck, but with bold reverse legends, no toning. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #101, lot #1451. Estimate: $50-$75.

180


Guadalajara

1166. Durango, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, date not visible, assayer MZ (1812-18). KM-111.2. 27.2 grams. Lustrous AVF with mostly weak and crude strike (as usual), lightly toned all over. Estimate: $35-$50.

1167. Durango, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819(CG). KM-111.2. 26.5 grams. Typically weakly struck and crude, also worn (VG), some dark toning around devices. Pedigreed to the Cay贸n auction of 13/XII/2001, lot #1376. Estimate: $35-$50.

1168. Durango, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821CG. KM-111.2. 26.8 grams. Nice VF with weak bust, holed in top of head, starting to tone around details, much better strike than usual. Estimate: $40-$60.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

1169. Guadalajara, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1813/2MR. KM-111.3. 25.6 grams. Attractively toned Fine+ for issue, typically crudely struck (especially the edge). Estimate: $90-$135.

1170. Guadalajara, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818FS, contemporary counterfeit in silver-plated copper. KM-111.3. 25.9 grams. Curious example of a circulating counterfeit from the same time as the genuine coins, AVF for type with large, crude hole at top. Estimate: $25-$40.

1171. Guadalajara, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821FS. KM-111.3. 26.9 grams. Choice XF, a bit lustrous and lightly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1172. Guadalajara, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1814MR, large bust. KM-102.3. 13.1 grams. Nicely toned AVF with weak centers, curious early bust. Estimate: $150-$225.

181


Monclova

1173. Guadalajara, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1814MR, small bust. KM-102.2. 13.3 grams. Attractively toned Fine+ with expertly plugged holes at top and bottom. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #590. Estimate: $50-$75.

Guanajuato

1176. Monclova, Mexico (War for Independence), MVA/1811 countermark on Chihuahua bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816RP, itself struck over a Mexico City bust 8 reales of 1810 (large bust), extremely rare. KM-201. 25.3 grams. Extremely rare combination of overstrike and countermark, Fine or better for issue, some luster, minimal toning. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Oaxaca

1174. Guanajuato, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822JM. KM-111.4. 26.8 grams. Nice VF for issue, subtly toned. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #597. Estimate: $75-$110.

1175. Guanajuato, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822J/JM, scarce. KM-93.3. 6.4 grams. Darkly toned About Fine for issue, typically crude and with lots of old marks, scarce with assayer J re-punched. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of March, 2000, lot #506. Estimate: $50$75.

1177. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 8 reales, 1812, with Morelos countermark. KM-265.4. 21.6 grams. Very crude strike, About Fine for issue, countermark VF, mostly darkly toned and weak details. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/ Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #3308. Estimate: $40-$60.

1178. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 8 reales, 1813. KM-234. 26.2 grams. Crude Fine with major adjustment marks and large pits (as made). Estimate: $25-$40.

1179. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 8 reales, 1813. KM-234. 15.0 grams. Small-flan variety with decent details for the issue, AVF with some weak spots, mostly darkly toned with subtle verdigris. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/ Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #3302. Estimate: $25-$40.

182


1180. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 8 reales, 1814. KM-234. 24.5 grams. Choice VF+ for the issue, darkly toned, dies unlisted in Guttag. Estimate: $40-$60.

1181. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 2 reales, 1811, scarce. KM-226.1. 4.8 grams. Large-flan Fine with flat spots as usual, spots of green, scarce first year of issue. Estimate: $40-$60.

1183. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 2 reales, 1813. KM-226.1. 6.0 grams. Crude Fine for issue with lots of tan and green sediment. Estimate: $25-$40.

1184. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 1 real, 1812. KM-222. 1.6 grams. Bold VF for issue, darkly toned on SUD side. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of March, 2000, lot #1167. Estimate: $30-$45.

1182. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper 2 reales, 1812. KM-226.1. 7.0 grams. Choice XF+, beautiful strike for issue, very minor edge-split and slightly rough surface on SUD side. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #108, lot #672. Estimate: $40-$60.

1185. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico (War for Independence), copper ½ real, 1812. KM-219. 0.7 gram. Darkly toned AVF for issue, good strike. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of March, 2000, lot #1177. Estimate: $30-$45.

Sombrerete de Vargas

Zacatecas

1187. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, 1186. Sombrerete de Vargas, Mexico (War for Independence), Ferdinand VII, 1811, scarce. KM-191. 26.0 grams. Typically crude 8 reales, 1812, scarce. KM-177. 26.8 grams. Scarce mint, VF for issue, (and scarce) provisional coinage, Fine for issue with many areas typically crude, with lots of toning. Estimate: $400-$600. weak, spots of toning. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #96, lot #420. Estimate: $80-$120.

183


1188. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812, scarce. KM-191. 25.9 grams. Very weakly struck VG, as is typical for this scarce provisional coinage, not much toning. Estimate: $40-$60.

1192. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817AG. KM-111.5. 25.0 grams. Attractive VF for issue (typically crude), toned around details. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #757. Estimate: $70$100.

1189. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815AG. KM-111.5. 25.4 grams. About Fine for issue with many weak areas, spots of toning, crude as usual. Pedigreed to Ponterio auction #101, lot #1451. Estimate: $70-$100.

1193. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818AG. KM-111.5. 26.1 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned VF for issue (typically crude). Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/ Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #762. Estimate: $70-$100.

1190. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816AG. KM-111.5. 25.7 grams. Lustrous but typically weakly struck VF for issue, richly toned (dark in places). Estimate: $70-$100.

1194. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819AG. KM-111.5. 26.0 grams. VF for issue (crude, but not so bad as most), struck slightly off-center on an oversized flan, subtle toning. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #768. Estimate: $70-$100.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com 1191. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816AG. KM-111.5. 24.8 grams. Typically crudely (weakly) struck AVG, mostly toned. Estimate: $40-$60.

184


1195. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820AG. KM-111.5. 26.5 grams. AXF for issue with weak centers, solder spots on reverse, good rims, no toning. Pedigreed to the Cercle (ANE/Barcelona) auction of June, 2001, lot #2740. Estimate: $60-$90.

1199. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822RG. KM-111.5. 26.6 grams. AVF with weak bust, nicely toned fields, very minor edge-split. Estimate: $80-$120.

1200. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811, LVO provisional coinage. KM-186. 6.8 grams. Bold and elegantly toned Fine+, typically slightly crude. Estimate: $60-$90. 1196. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820RG. KM-111.5. 26.9 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned XF with crudely plugged hole at top. Estimate: $50-$75.

1201. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (early armored bust), 1816AG. KM-92.1. 5.5 grams. Typically crude AVG with very weak centers (as made), lightly toned. Estimate: $25-$40.

1197. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821AZ, scarce. KM-111.5. 26.3 grams. Nicely toned VF with edge-bump, scarcer assayer for the date. Pedigreed to the Cay贸n auction of 13/XII/2001, lot #1637. Estimate: $100-$150. 1202. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1818AG. KM-93.4. 5.9 grams. Fine for issue with very nice toning on fields, typically slightly crude. Estimate: $25$40.

1198. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821RG. KM-111.5. 27.0 grams. Lustrous XF+ with mostly spotty toning, nice grade. Estimate: $70-$100.

185

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1203. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1820AG. KM-93.4. 5.9 grams. Broad-flan AVF for issue, subtle toning, nice aspect. Estimate: $35-$50.

1204. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821AZ. KM-93.4. 3.2 grams. About Fine for issue with uneven obverse strike, much bold legend enhanced by toning. Estimate: $25-$40. 1205. Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust ½ real, Ferdinand VII, 1818AG. KM-73.1. 1.3 grams. Attractively toned VF for issue, off-center obverse. Estimate: $35-$50.

1206. Mixed lot of 7 Zacatecas, Mexico (War for Independence), bust 2, 1 and ½ reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819-1821, assayers AG, AZ and RG. KM-93.4, 83.3 and 74.3. 1.2 to 6.6 grams each. Nice mix of average-grade minors, generally G-VG, some holed or otherwise damaged, but no throwaways. Estimate: $70-$100.

Mexico (Republic)

1207. Durango, Mexico, ¼ real, 1842LR. KM-368.2. 0.8 gram. Toned Fine, slightly crude planchet. Estimate: $25-$40.

1210. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1842LR. KM-368.6. 0.9 gram. Rainbow-toned AU, nice strike. Estimate: $60-$90.

1208. Zacatecas, Mexico, ¼ real, 1842/1LR. KM-368.8. 0.9 gram. XF with lovely golden toning over muted luster. Estimate: $40$60.

1211. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1843LR. KM-368.6. 0.9 gram. Lustrous UNC, beautifully rainbow toned, with natural flaw above head. Estimate: $70-$100.

1209. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1842LR. KM-368.6. 0.8 gram. AU with beautiful iridescent toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

1212. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1843LR. KM-368.6. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU with colorful toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1213. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1843LR. KM-368.6. 0.8 gram. Darkly toned AU, nice strike. Estimate: $50-$75.

1216. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1859LR, encapsulated ICG MS-64. KM-368.6. Mirror BU, very choice, perfect in every way. Estimate: $125-$200.

1214. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1843LR. KM-368.6. 0.9 gram. AU with dark toning all over. Estimate: $50-$75.

1217. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1861LR. KM-368.6. 0.8 gram. Lustrous UNC with spotty toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1215. San Luis Potosí, Mexico, ¼ real, 1844. KM-368.7. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU with a modicum of toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1218. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1863/53LR. KM-368.6. 0.8 gram. Gem BU, lustrous and lightly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1219. Mexico City, Mexico, ¼ real, 1863/53LR. KM-368.6. 0.9 gram. BU with intense rainbow colors, very eye-catching. Estimate: $100-$150. 1220. Lot of 5 Mexican ¼ reales (various mints): 1842ZsLR (2), 1843/2SLPi, 1843/2GoLR and 1849GoLR. KM-368. 0.8 gram each. Median-grade lot (AVF to AXF) but no problems, nice cross-section of mints and dates, some nicely toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

Mexico (Empire of Maximilian) 1221. Mexico City, Mexico, 5 centavos, 1864M. KM-385.1. 1.3 Lustrous BU with subtle toning, choice detail on eagle. Estimate: $350-$500. grams.

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Mexico (Second Republic)

Nicaragua

1222. Mexico City, Mexico, 5 centavos, 1903. KM-400.2. 1.3 grams. Lightly toned XF+. Estimate: $20-$30.

Netherlands (Spanish)

1223. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands, patagon, 1622. KM-53.3. 28.2 grams. Large coin with generally strong details (some weak spots), bold PHIL IIII and 16 of date, nice crown and shield, VF with light toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

1226. Nicaragua, “imitation” cob 1 real, 1824, with El Salvador(?) countermark on cross, extremely rare. KM-6. 2.7 grams. A very rare and exciting coin that represents the first coinage of Nicaragua, its rarity significantly augmented (2 known) by a controversial countermark that is believed to show the Liberty cap for El Salvador (with whom Nicaragua exchanged coins in the days of the Central American Republic, of which neither country was a part), although other major researchers contend the countermark was applied in Leon to differentiate the coins from contemporary fakes. The host-coin’s strike is rather bold, with clearly re-punched 4 in date at the bottom of full pillars, clear J-G (for Junta de Granada, the political entity behind the striking) flanking the cross, nicely toned VF with the expected hole at top. Interestingly, the consignor states that this coin was acquired by a major European dealer in the 1800s and hoarded in a vault from at least the 1880s until now. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Panama (Republic)

1224. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Brussels mint), copper jeton, Philip IV, 1663. 6.0 grams. Sharply detailed XF with doublestruck reverse, nice portrait, chocolate brown color and toning. Estimate: $30-$45.

Netherlands (United) 1227. Lot of 3 Panama 2½ centésimos, 1904 (2) and 1976FM (copper-nickel), known as “Panama pills”. KM-1 and 34.1. 1.2 grams each. Small but thick, “puck”-like coins nicknamed “Panama pills,” the 2 earlier specimens in silver being toned AU and the modern coin Proof. Estimate: $50-$75.

1225. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1637. KM16. 27.0 grams. Deeply toned VF with bold full legends, full lion and knight, a few old marks as usual. Estimate: $125-$200.

188

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Busts

Peru (colonial) Pillars

1232. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1779MJ. KM-78. 26.6 grams. AXF with buffed surfaces, hairline scratches and graffiti, not so bad as it sounds. Estimate: $80-$120. 1228. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1754JD. KM55.1. 26.8 grams. Choice XF with subtle rainbow toning, slight bulge in planchet (as made) in field above crown. Estimate: $250-$375.

1229. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1758JM. KM55.1. 26.8 grams. Sharp XF with patchy toning, slightly oxidized surfaces. Estimate: $200-$300.

1230. Lima, Peru, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1760JM. KM55.1. 26.8 grams. VF with nice, even toning, no problems. Estimate:

1233. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“imaginary bust”), 1810JP. KM-106.2 27.0 grams. Highly lustrous AU (conserved), part of rim weak, desirable type. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $225-$350.

1234. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“imaginary bust”), 1811JP. KM-106.2 26.5 grams. Off-center UNC with much luster (conserved), desirable type. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $350-$500.

$150-$225.

1231. Lima, Peru, pillar 1 real, Ferdinand VI, 1758JM. KM-52. 3.3 grams. Lightly toned VF+, slightly bent. Estimate: $50-$75.

1235. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1794IJ. KM-102.1. 0.8 gram. Well-detailed Fine+ with dark, contrasting toning on fields, first date of type with high catalog value. Estimate: $125-$200.

189


1236. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1796. KM-102.2. 0.6 gram. Sharp details, technically UNC but net XF due to light corrosion (unspecified salvage). Estimate: $60-$90. 1241. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, ¼ reales, Charles IV, 1801 and 1808. KM-102.2. 0.8 gram each. The 1801 with dark contrast but scuffed VG, the 1808 Fine but holed. Estimate: $40-$60.

1237. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1798. KM-102.2. 0.8 gram. Very lightly corroded XF from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $80$120. 1242. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1810, dots flanking date. KM-108. 0.8 gram. Nice Fine with subtle golden toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1238. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1800. KM-102.2. 0.8 gram. XF with subtle toning, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $80-$120. 1243. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1816. KM-108. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU, choice strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

1239. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1808. KM-102.2. 0.8 gram. Lustrous UNC with attractive gunmetal toning, slightly off-center obverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

1240. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Charles IV, 1808. KM-102.2. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU, nicely toned, the reverse slightly off-center. Estimate: $125-$200.

1244. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1820. KM-108. 0.9 gram. Broad-flan AXF, no problems. Estimate: $80-$120.

1245. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1820. KM-108. 0.8 gram. Holed VF with some luster, subtle golden toning. Estimate: $50$75.

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1246. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, Ferdinand VII, 1823. KM-108. 0.9 gram. Broad-flan VF (part of edge crude), toned all over. Estimate: $70$100.

1250. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1834/3. KM-143.1. 0.9 gram. Lustrous AU, oddly oblong flan with matching rim faults (as made), subtly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

Peru (Republic)

1251. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1849/38. KM-143.1. 0.7 gram. XF, lustrous and starting to tone, with weak rims from poor centering. Estimate: $35-$50.

1247. Cuzco, Peru, 8 reales, 1830G. KM-142.4. 26.8 grams. Very lustrous and almost prooflike UNC, quite attractive. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $275-$475. 1252. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1853/31. KM-143.1. 0.8 gram. Lustrous AU, sharply struck but parts of rim missing (as made). Estimate: $100-$150.

1248. Cuzco, Peru, 8 reales, 1831G. KM-142.4. 27.5 grams. Choice AU+, highly lustrous and flashy. From the 1830s “Arequipa hoard” in Peru. Estimate: $275-$475.

1253. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1855/35. KM-143.1. 0.7 gram. BU, very lustrous and choice, parts of rim incomplete (as made). Estimate: $150-$225.

1249. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1828. KM-143.1. 0.7 gram. Nice AXF with light toning. Estimate: $25-$40.

1254. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1855/35. KM-143.1. 0.7 gram. UNC, lustrous and flashy, weak rim on reverse only. Estimate: $125$200.

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Philippines

1255. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1855, encapsulated ICG MS-62. KMand lustrous BU, no toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

143.1. Flashy

1256. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1856/36. KM-143.1. 0.8 gram. Beautifully toned UNC with only muted luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

1257. Lima, Peru, ¼ real, 1856/36. KM-143.1. 0.8 gram. Nicely toned AU, good strike except for parts of rim. Estimate: $100-$150.

1258. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, ¼ reales, 1855 and 1856/45. KM143.1. 0.8 and 0.7 gram. Both coins XF with very subtle toning and luster. Estimate: $60-$90.

1259. Philippines, 8 reales, “F 7” countermark on Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1825JM, rare. KM-82. 26.6 grams. Rare combination of host and countermark, the former AVF and the latter XF but unevenly punched. Estimate: $500-$700.

1260. Philippines, peso, Y•II• countermark on Santiago, Chile, peso, 1834IJ. KM-108. 26.9 grams. Nicely toned VF with a few old marks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,250.

1261. Philippines, peso, 1897-SGV. KM-154. 25.1 toned XF+ with muted luster. Estimate: $80-$120.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

grams.

Deeply

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Portugal

1262. Porto, Portugal, 20 reis, Pedro II, no date (1688). KM-133. 0.8 gram. Beautifully toned and lustrous XF+, nice strike, the Portuguese counterpart to the Spanish ¼ real. Estimate: $50-$75.

1263. Porto, Portugal, 20 reis, Jose I, no date (1706-77). KM235. 0.7 gram. Lustrous AU, very nice strike, the Portuguese counterpart to the Spanish ¼ real. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spain

1264. Segovia, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip III, 1613AR. CT-74. 26.1 grams. Fine with lightly toned and slightly grainy fields (as made), impressive and popular design. Estimate: $350-$500.

1265. Segovia, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip IV, 1630P. CT-277. 26.9 grams. Lustrous XF with beautiful golden toning (especially on the reverse), natural flaw in shield. Estimate: $500-$750.

1266. Madrid, Spain, copper 2 maravedís, Philip IV, 1663Y. CT-1208. 0.5 gram. Tiny copper coin with nice details (bust and lion in crowned shield, bold full legends), off-center strike, dark brown color. Estimate: $35-$50. 1267. Segovia, Spain, monogram-type milled 2 reales, Philip V, 1708Y, aligned axes. CT-995. 5.8 grams. Impressively large flan with beautiful details, AXF with attractive toning all over. Estimate: $75-$110. 1268. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales, Charles III Pretender, 1708. CT-21. 4.7 grams. Nicely toned Fine, off-center strike, popular type reportedly struck under the supervision of Sir Isaac Newton. Estimate: $40-$60.

1269. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales, Charles III Pretender, 1711. CT-21. 4.9 grams. Rainbow-toned AXF, slightly crude strike for issue, popular type reportedly struck under the supervision of Sir Isaac Newton. Estimate: $125-$175. 1270. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales, Charles III Pretender, 1712. CT-21. 4.5 grams. Nicely toned Fine, somewhat off-center as usual, popular type reportedly struck under the supervision of Sir Isaac Newton. Estimate: $40-$60. 1271. Segovia, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1723F. CT-1013. 5.7 grams. Broad-flan AVF with much toning (especially on the edge). Estimate: $35-$50.

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1272. Lot of 3 Spanish milled 2 reales “pistareens” of Philip V: Madrid, 1717J; Seville, 1721J and 1723J. 4.7 to 5.3 grams each. Mixed grades (Good to Fine), all three damaged or defectively struck but with generally clear details and popular as widely used in the colonies, where they were known as “pistareens.” Estimate: $50-$75.

1273. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1724J. CT-1029. 5.5 grams. Bold AXF with subtle toning, nice details. Estimate: $60-$90.

1277. Madrid, Spain, milled 1 real “pistareen,” Philip V, 1726/ 1A, unique overdate. 2.8 grams. Very bold overdate (unlisted), nice XF with partially crude rim on off-center reverse. Estimate: $70$100. 1278. Seville, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1737P. CT-1267. 2.7 grams. Nicely toned Fine, no problems. Estimate: $25-$40.

1279. Seville, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1738PJ. CT-1268. 2.6 grams. Bold VF with attractive toning all over. Estimate: $35-$50. 1280. Madrid, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1740JF. CT-1233. 2.8 grams. Off-center Fine, nicely toned. Estimate: $25-$40. 1281. Lot of 2 Spanish milled ½ real “quarter pistareens” of Philip V: Madrid, 1738PJ; Seville, 1738JF. 1.2 and 0.8 gram. The Madrid piece dark and lightly corroded from unspecified salvage (VF details), the Seville piece holed VG, but both with clear details and fully collectible. Estimate: $30-$45.

1274. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1725J. CT-1030. 4.0 grams. Bold Fine with nicely contrasting toning on fields, part of rim weak (possibly shaved). Estimate: $30-$45.

1275. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1737PJ. CT-1043. 5.5 grams. Nice Fine with subtle toning. Estimate: $30-$45.

1282. Mixed lot of one bust 4 reales of Madrid, Spain, Charles IV, 1792MF, and one bust 2 reales of Seville, Spain, Charles III, 1788C. 12.6 and 5.4 grams. Two well-used coins (VG or so) with no more than typical marks and bruises from circulation, spots of toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1276. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Ferdinand VI, 1758JV. CT-398. 5.2 grams. Attractive About Fine with contrasting toning on fields, weak in center of cross. Estimate: $25-$40.

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1283. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1796MF. CT716. 13.3 grams. AVF with satin-smooth fields, elegantly toned. Estimate: $50-$75.

1287. Lot of 3 Spanish miniature replicas: 1850 Isabel II 20 reales in brass, 1930 Alfonso XIII fantasy in gold, and 1966 100 pesetas Franco in copper. 0.3 to 0.6 grams each. Fantasy lot of miniaturized coins, all UNC, a nice mix of colors. Estimate: $25$40.

1284. Seville, Spain, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1774CF. CT-1140. 5.7 grams. Bold VF+ with great toning, nice strike. Estimate: $50$75.

1285. Seville, Spain, 1 real, Isabel II, 1851RD. KM-518.4. 1.2 grams. Lustrous AU+ with beautiful rainbow toning. Estimate: $150-$225. 1286. Madrid, Spain, 1 real, Isabel II, 1852. KM-598.2. 1.3 grams. Subtly toned AU with luster. Estimate: $90-$135.

1288. Lot of 19 Spain aluminum pesetas, 1989-1997. KM-832. 0.6 gram each. High-grade date-run of modern coins, all AU-UNC. Estimate: $25-$40.

Sweden 1289. Sweden (Emergency issue), 1 daler, 1715. KM-352 3.5 grams. Interesting emergency coinage with bold details, nice strike for issue, fully VF. Estimate: $40-$60.

Venezuela?

West Indies?

1290. Barinas, Venezuela?, imitation cob 2 reales, (1)782? 1.8 grams. Mysterious coin whose cut and theme are accurate for the Barinas 1R issues of 1817 (with dates as “781”), but the date on this coin appears to be (1)782 or (1)787, and the denomination is quite clearly “2”. Whatever it is, it has been circulated (Fine) and is nicely toned. Could be a sleeper. Estimate: $100-$1,000.

1291. Contemporary 1/6 cut of a Potosí, Bolivia (Republic) 4 soles, 1800s. 2.2 grams. Original coin Fine, with nice toning, the cuts obviously sharp and old but not attributable to any specific area. Estimate: $250-$500.

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MEDALS AND DECORATIONS Colombia

1292. Bogot谩, Colombia, silver 8 reales medal struck in 1938 for the 400th anniversary of the city from dies made from Ferdinand VII punches. 22.4 grams. Fascinating piece struck in 1938 with dies made from official Ferdinand VII punches that were never used originally at the mint, thus creating the only Colombian 8 reales ever to have the proper portrait, probably used as a coin anyway because it shows circulation wear (Fine), nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

Cuba 1293. Cuba, decoration for the Order of the Honor and Merit of Cuba, 1909. 17.3 grams. Beautiful cross-shaped enameled pendant and red-and-white ribbon, with ORDEN DE HONOR Y MERITO printed in the white enamel around light blue center that bears the 1909 date, INTER INIMICOS CHARITAS printed in the white enamel around a multi-color seal on the reverse, the cross background all red with green wreath above, choice condition. Estimate: $300-$450.

Great Britain 1294. Great Britain, James II, silver medal commemorating the salvage of the Concepci贸n by William Phips in 1687. 63.8 grams. A rare and highly sought original medal struck from silver recovered in 1687 by New Englander Phips, who was knighted for his deed, with portraits of James II and Mary on the obverse and a salvage scene on the reverse, a bit worn (AVF) and with old loop attached to top. Estimate: $500-$750.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

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1295. Great Britain, brass “Admiral Vernon” medal, 1739, Porto Bello (Panama). 16.7 grams. From a highly popular series of medals commemorating victories against the Spanish in the Caribbean, this with waist-up portrait of Vernon with ADMIRAL VERNON TOOK PORTO BELLO in legend on obverse, six ships entering Porto Bello harbor and WITH SIX SHIPS ONLY in legend and NOV 22 1739 in exergue on reverse, nice VF with pronounced rims. Estimate: $100-$150. 1297. Great Britain, steel restrike of a German propaganda medal commemorating the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915. 76 grams. We have had a number of these in our auctions, but each one has gotten more money than the last, so they must be popular. The original medals, depicting on the obverse a skeletal Cunard agent selling tickets and the sinking of the ship on the reverse, were unabashed propaganda by the Germans (who torpedoed and sank the Lusitania) to show the folly of sending hapless passengers to their death in dangerous waters during wartime; but soon afterward the British realized they could portray the Germans as heartless barbarians by striking medals with the very same design! This specimen is in perfect condition save for some small spots of rust. Estimate: $150-$225.

1296. Great Britain, bronze “Admiral Vernon” medal, 1739, Porto Bello (Panama). 17.1 grams. From a highly popular series of medals commemorating victories against the Spanish in the Caribbean, this with standing Vernon and cannon and ship on obverse with THE BRITISH GLORY REVIV’D BY ADMIRAL VERNON in the legend, reverse with six ships entering Porto Bello harbor with legend HE TOOK PORTO BELLO WITH SIX SHIPS ONLY and NOV 22 1739 in exergue, exceptional grade of XF, very nicely detailed. Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico 1298. Mexico City, Mexico, 12-oz proof “pillar dollar” medal in .999 silver, 1988. 373 grams (12 oz troy). A 12-oz slug of pure silver with oversized 1732 pillar dollar design in flawless proof condition, stamped 12 ONZAS 1988 and PLATA .999 PROOF in fields, really just a bullion item but of particular interest to treasure collectors. Estimate: $250-$275.

197


1299. Mexico City, Mexico, 12-oz proof “pillar dollar� medal in .999 silver, 1988. 373 grams (12 oz troy). A 12-oz slug of pure silver with oversized 1732 pillar dollar design in flawless proof condition, stamped 12 ONZAS 1988 and PLATA .999 PROOF in fields, really just a bullion item but of particular interest to treasure collectors. Estimate: $250-$275.

Netherlands

1300. Netherlands (Dutch East India Co.), brass shipboard firefighting medallion, 1700s, rare. 31.8 grams. Rare brass medal with VOC monogram on front and firefighting equipment on back (UNC), given to firefighters on board VOC ships in the 18th century, a rare item with significance for VOC collectors around the world. (Note: A similar medallion was recovered from the Hollandia of 1743 and is ensconced in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.) Estimate: $100-$150.

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PAPER MONEY Argentina

Cuba

1301. Argentina, ½ real, 1869. 4" x 1-7/8". Plain, uniface note with black printing on white paper with EL BANCO ARGENTINO at top, UN MEDIO REAL in middle, and “Pagará a la vista UN PESO plata boliviana al portador de Diez y seis de estos billetes por el banco” (roughly “the bank will pay 1 Bolivian silver peso to the bearer of 16 of these bills upon presentation”), with space for serial number but no number printed, dated at Rosario “1o Julio de 1869” (July 1, 1869), UNC. Estimate: $50-$75.

1303. Cuba, uncut set of 3 banknotes of 50 centavos each, 1869. 4" x 6". Partial sheet of 3 uncut notes of 50 centavos each printed in black with red seals and serial numbers (1048 on all three, but the 3 bills differentiated by letters A, E and I), with Cuban flag design, VF with discoloration in one corner and wrinkling in another, rare as unissued. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

1302. Salta, Argentina, 2 pesos, 1928. About 5½” x 2¾”. Printed in salmon and black, a provincial note with serial number 091483 and stamped with a seal that gives the issue date of March 5, 1928, featuring a portrait of General Güemes on the front and a vignette of the railway to Chile, Fine (rare grade, scarcer than indicated in Pick). Estimate: $60-$90.

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1304. Cuba, set of banknotes in denominations of 50, 20, 10 and 5 pesos, 1960, with “Che” signature. From 5-5/8" x 2½” to 6-1/ 8" x 2-5/8" each. Set of 4 different denominations, each with different design and portrait and color, all UNC, each one notable as bearing a simple signature of “Che” from the new President of the Bank, the famous socialist revolutionary and Castro lieutenant Ernesto “Che” Guevara. The nickname “Che” is roughly translated as “hey, you!” Estimate: $100-$150.

Puerto Rico 1305. Puerto Rico (National Treasury), 25 pesos (promissory note), 1813. About 8¼” x 12¾”. A large, uniface document printed in black with black-ink stamps and signatures, numbered 132 at top, declaring the promise to pay “Don Francisco Puig y Gibert” 25 pesos in provisional money 4 months from the date of May 4, 1813, with interest at an annual rate of 6% (basically a 19th-century promissory note or certificate of deposit), signed by Treasurer Juan Patiño and Accountant José Bacener and “OK’d” (V.o B.o) by [Alejandro] Ramírez. Rare and important as effectively the first currency of Puerto Rico (issued while Ferdinand VII was still king of Spain). Graded and encapsulated by PMG as “About Uncirculated 50” but appears to be higher grade (UNC). Estimate: $500-$750. 1306. Puerto Rico (Spanish Department of Overseas Affairs), 1 peso compulsory “coin exchange” note, 1895. Pick-7c. About 5" x 2-5/8". Printed in Madrid with a portrait of an unidentified bearded man in black with yellow background and red serial number (4546681) on front, the back showing the Spanish coat of arms in green, dated August 17, 1895, the left edge straight-cut (where the receipt-like counterfoil was partially removed) but the right edge wavy-cut, choice AU+, encapsulated by PMG as “Choice About Uncirculated 58” and pedigreed as “Ex: Schulman.” Notes such as these were issued by the Spanish government in exchange for Mexican pesos, which were being imported to the island at a higher value than their face value in Mexico. Estimate: $400-$500. 1307. Puerto Rico (Spanish Department of Overseas Affairs), 1 peso compulsory “coin exchange” note, 1895. Pick-7c. About 5" x 2-5/8". Printed in Madrid with a portrait of an unidentified bearded man in black with yellow background and red serial number (0992802) on front, the back showing the Spanish coat of arms in green, dated August 17, 1895, both edges wavy-cut (where the receipt-like counterfoil was partially removed and the next bill to right was cut away), XF, encapsulated by PMG as “Extremely Fine 40”. Notes such as these were issued by the Spanish government in exchange for Mexican pesos, which were being imported to the island at a higher value than their face value in Mexico. Estimate: $300-$450.

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ARTIFACTS FROM SHIPWRECKS Unidentified wreck sunk ca.1000 off China

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1450 off Indonesia

1308. Large jade fish. 2724 grams, about 10" x 5" x 3". A large, whalelike fish with upturned tail and bulging eyes in dark green jade with spots of tan encrustation all over, very impressive and probably rare. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $800-$1,000.

1310. Earthenware mercury vessel, European. 876 grams, 7½” tall and 5" in diameter. A cone-shaped vessel with flat base and small hole in top (as made), used for storing mercury, this example fully intact and beautifully coated with oysters and other encrustation, also with debris rattling around inside, rare. Estimate: $300-$450.

Unidentified wreck sunk in the late 1400s/early 1500s in the South China Sea

1309. Large jade fish. 1815 grams, about 10" x 4¾” x 2½”. A large, whale-like fish with upturned tail and bulging eyes in medium green jade with spots of light tan encrustation all over, very impressive and probably rare. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $800$1,000.

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

1311. Thai Sawankhalok celadon jarlet with Hatcher pedigree. A small, bulbous, 2-handled jar with flat base, dark-gray glaze, uniquely encrusted with large oystershells on top, fully intact and a great display. Pedigreed to the Mike Hatcher collection sold at auction by Christie’s (London) on December 11, 1989 (the catalog itself for sale in our auction as lot #1781). Estimate: $150-$225. 178.7 grams, 3" tall and 4" in diameter.

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“Tumbaga wreck,” sunk ca. 1528 off Grand Bahama Espadarte, sunk in 1558 off Mozambique Island

1312. Oval-shaped lead ingot. About 9 lb, 4" x 5½” x 2½”. A bunshaped ingot of pure lead with marine encrustation on flat side, rare as an artifact from this wreck (first we have seen). Estimate: $100-$150.

1314. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain teacup, trees/birds design. 36 grams, 1½” tall and 2½” in diameter. Nearly intact (one large chip in rim), with beautiful design on exterior that shows 2 bifurcated trees with lots of leaves and 4 birds (one in flight and the other 3 roosting in the trees), flower in center (interior), Chinese character on bottom of base. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/01/ 0348. Estimate: $100-$150.

1315. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain teacup, trees/birds design. 32 grams, 1½” tall and 2½” in diameter. Nearly intact (small chips in rim and base), with exterior design showing 2 bifurcated and denuded trees with 3 roosting birds, flower in center (interior), Chinese character on bottom of base. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/01/0377. Estimate: $100-$150.

1313. Cylindrical lead ingot. Over 7 lb, 3" tall and 3" in diameter. A solid cylinder of pure lead with white and orange encrustation on surfaces, rare as an artifact from this wreck (first we have seen). Estimate: $100-$150.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com

1316. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain teacup, trees/birds design. 33 grams, 1½” tall and 2½” in diameter. Nearly intact (small chips in rim), with exterior design showing 2 bifurcated and leafy trees with 3 roosting birds, flower in center (interior), Chinese character on bottom of base. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/02/ 0783. Estimate: $100-$150.

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“Cidade Velha wrecks,” sunk in the late 1500s off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

1317. Chinese white porcelain teacup. 58 grams, 2" tall and 3" in diameter. Large cup with no design (plain white all over) except for Chinese character in blue on bottom of base, intact except for minor chips in rim. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/01/0054. Estimate: $100-$150.

1320. Bronze crucifix. 5.2 grams, 2" x 1½”. Cast in two pieces, with Christ figure affixed to cross topped with INRI in rectangular box, a bit worn and corroded but fundamentally intact (just a small piece below the feet missing). With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-150/ 98/938.01. Estimate: $100-$150. 1321. Bronze crucifix. 6.0 grams, 2" x 1-3/8". Christ figure and cross all in one piece, with INRI in box at top, complete but a bit worn and corroded, very recognizable and popular. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-050/98/944.01. Estimate: $100-$150.

1318. Chinese white porcelain teacup. 63 grams, 2" tall and 3" in diameter. Large cup with no design (plain white all over) except for Chinese character in blue on bottom of base, intact except for one tiny chip in rim, light encrustation. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/01/0272. Estimate: $100-$150. 1322. Lot of 7 bronze rings. 6.6 grams, each about ¾” in diameter. Seven thin and fairly plain (modest design only) rings of fairly large diameter that are fragile but probably still wearable as intact, just a bit worn, somewhat brassy in color. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-050/98/956.01, 876.01, 922.03. Estimate: $70-$100.

1319. Chinese white porcelain teacup. 66 grams, 2" tall and 3" in diameter. Large cup with no design (plain white all over) except for Chinese character in blue on bottom of base, intact except for small but wide chip in rim. With Arqueonautas certificate #IDM-002/01/ 0496. Estimate: $100-$150.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

1323. Lot of 3 bronze buckles. 5.7 grams total, each about 1" x ½”. Small, more or less rectangular buckles with central bar, intact except for some wear and corrosion, minimal design. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-050/98/938.03, 931.04, 922.04. Estimate: $60-$90. 1324. Lot of 3 bronze buckles. 5.3 grams total, each about 1" x ½”. Small, more or less rectangular buckles with central bar, intact except for some wear and corrosion, one slightly ornate but otherwise simple in design. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO050/98/929, 944.03, 890.05. Estimate: $60-$90.

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Witte Leeuw (White Lion), sunk in 1613 off St. Helena Island, west of Africa 1325. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain bowl (repaired), Ming Dynasty, very rare provenance. 175 grams, 2" tall and 5¾” in diameter. With indescribable design in very deep and vivid blue under glaze, the gently undulating rim nearly intact save for the loss of a small triangular piece and the restoration of a larger section glued back into place, this impressively beautiful bowl is one of few pieces recovered from this obscure wreck of a homebound Dutch East Indiaman by Robert Sténuit and team in 1976. Pedigreed to the Sotheby-Parke-Bernet (London) auction of March 15, 1977, with sticker that says “Recovered from the wreck of the Dutch EastIndiaman, sunk off the Island of St. Helena in 1613” (oddly omitting the ship’s name). Estimate: $200-$300.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 1326. Natural emerald (1.02 carats). 1.02 ct. A small, very light green crystal, very washed out but desirable for its provenance and original certification. With Fisher certificate #63406. Estimate: $150-$225.

1329. Iron spike with encrustation at top. 195 grams, 11½” long. Long, iron, square-shanked spike with cracked knob of encrusted oxidation on the head, sharp point at other end, dark rusty color as unconserved, but seems to be solid and stable. With (non-Fisher) certificate. Estimate: $25-$40.

1327. Iron “gunner’s dice,” professionally conserved. 475 grams, roughly 1" to 1½” each. According to the accompanying tag, “Gunner’s Dice were made from wrought iron bar stock and cut into cubes to be used as scatter shot,” and that seems as good an explanation as any for these solid chunks of iron (6 in all) of irregular shapes and sizes. With Fisher photo-certificate #03A-52384 and original yellow plastic tag. Estimate: $150-$225.

1328. Iron spike, professionally conserved. 60 grams, 5½” long. Small, sharp spike with full head and square shank, grainy from corrosion but thoroughly stabilized (black). With Fisher photocertificate #90A-LT066-239. Estimate: $75-$110.

1330. Lot of 2 ballast stone pieces. About 24 oz. Total, 3½” to 4" each. Two small, gray, irregular rocks used for ballast in the ship, each one lightly encrusted, found by the consignor but not officially certified. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

1331. Large natural pearl. 0.64 carat, 5 mm. Somewhat flat but with nice color and lustrous nacre. With Fisher photo-certificate #2795. Estimate: $250-$375.

1332. Medium natural pearl. 0.32 carat, 3.5 mm. Bright white and nearly spherical, excellent for jewelry. With Fisher photo-certificate #2681. Estimate: $225-$350.

1333. Small natural pearl. 0.16 carat, 3 mm. Good color and nacre, slightly egg-shaped. With Fisher photo-certificate #2075. Estimate: $200-$300.

1334. Very small natural pearl. 0.11 carat, 2.5 mm. White and spherical but with a small protrusion that is slightly darker. With Fisher photo-certificate #5492. Estimate: $175-$275.

1335. Iron spike, professionally conserved. 148 grams, 10" long. A long, square-shanked spike with distinct head and sharp point, corroded (showing the grainy metal flow) but thoroughly stabilized (black). With Fisher photo-certificate #52904. Estimate: $75-$110.

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“San Francisco wreck,� sunk ca. 1649 off the Cape Verde Islands

1336. Lot of 3 earthenware olive jar necks. Each about 9 oz and 4" in diameter. Three complete necks, very useful for displays and far less common than the lateral shards, various hues of orange and brown. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-063/99/15608. Estimate: $75-$110.

1337. Lot of 3 earthenware olive jar necks. Each about 9 oz and 4" in diameter. Three complete necks, very useful for displays and far less common than the lateral shards, various hues of orange and brown. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-063/99/15608. Estimate: $75-$110.

1338. Lot of 3 earthenware olive jar necks. Each about 9 oz and 4" in diameter. Three complete necks, very useful for displays and far less common than the lateral shards, various hues of orange and brown. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-063/99/15608. Estimate: $75-$110.

1339. Lot of 3 earthenware olive jar necks. Each about 9 oz and 4" in diameter. Three complete necks, very useful for displays and far less common than the lateral shards, various hues of orange and brown. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-063/99/15608. Estimate: $75-$110.

1340. Lot of 3 earthenware olive jar necks. Each about 9 oz and 4" in diameter. Three complete necks, very useful for displays and far less common than the lateral shards, various hues of orange and brown. With Arqueonautas certificate #AGO-063/99/15608. Estimate: $75-$110.

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Unidentified Dutch wreck sunk in 1657 off Grand Bahama Island

1341. Iron grappling hook, professionally conserved. 3 lb, 18" intact 4-pronged grappling hook, 3 of the points still sharp but the fourth one mostly missing, full ring at top and even a smaller ring at bottom, all a dull steel gray, its layer of rust professionally removed to expose grainy metal with joints where the prongs meet the shaft, believed to have been lost during a search for a Spanish Fleet sunk in the same area in 1605. Estimate: $500$750. long. Nearly

Sacramento, sunk in 1668 off the Bay of All Saints, Bahia, Brazil

1342. Stoneware “Bellarmine” jug. 1102 grams, 9" tall and 6" in diameter. At first glance this appears to be an intact jar, but of you look closely you can see that it must have broken at the time of sinking but stayed together in its proper shape and then encrusted over the breaks, making for a fascinating artifact which is otherwise intact (just a few chips missing from the break), typically brown in color with bearded face on the neck opposite the handle and ornamental seal on the bulbous body, flat base, the white and pink encrustation quite attractive. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

1343. Bulbous earthenware decanter. 538 grams, 7" tall and 4½” in diameter. Fully intact but heavily encrusted small pitcher with pinched lip, flat base, grayish surfaces where not encrusted with whitish, wormy coral, a very attractive artifact. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1344. Small stoneware cylinder bottle. 309 grams, 5½” tall, 2¼” in diameter. A fully intact bottle with flat base and vertical sides that is almost completely encrusted with beautiful white, orange and even pink coral, very pretty. Estimate: $200-$300. 1345. Porcelain soapdish(?) with squatting figure. 108 grams, about 4" x 2½” x 2". A shallow, oval dish with one squatting figurine with Asian or Native American features and a lacuna where another one probably sat near the sloping side, its exact purpose unknown but logical as a soapdish, the white porcelain lightly encrusted here and there. Estimate: $200-$300.

1347. Lot of 4 small brass knobs. 387 grams total, each about 3¼” long. Each of these heavy knobs consists of a ball, square plate and pointed shank, one a bit more ornate than the others, 2 with heavy encrustation, lots of orange and white and green color. Estimate: $80-$120.

1346. Copper mold(?), fruit(?) design. 131 grams, 4" x 6¾” x 1¼”. Heavily encrusted item that appears to be intact but is hard to identify thoroughly, with deeply embossed fruit(?) pattern in rectangle, some copper color peeking through the green and whitish crust. Estimate: $50-$75.

1348. Lot of 6 large, lead bottle-caps. 1 lb 11 oz total, each about 2" in diameter and 1" tall. Much like their smaller counterparts in our time, each of these items was screwed onto the top of a glass bottle (some with the broken glass still inside the rim), only back then the bottles and caps were much bigger! Each cap is thickly encrusted (mostly white) and heavy. Estimate: $60-$90.

1349. Lot of 6 brass sailmakers’ thimbles and clump of several more. 39 grams total, about ¾” to 1" each. Several intact, 2 bent, 3 encrusted together, but all more or less intact and easily recognizable, with lovely patina and orange sediment. Estimate: $50-$75.

1350. Lot 12 small, brass, cap-like ornaments. 82 grams total, up to 1-3/8" in diameter. Five shell-shaped items (4 large, one small) and 7 hemispheres, usage unknown, all more or less encrusted and/or patinated. Estimate: $35-$50.

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Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

1351. Bronze religious medallion, rare. 2.0 grams, approx. 1" x ¾”. A small, oval medallion, corroded and worn but with vestiges of the original design visible, which showed the immaculate conception on the front and the holy sacrament above ROMA on the back (see page 129 of Seliger’s book about this wreck), one of only about 12 medallions found. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #B0012. Estimate: $200-$300. 1352. Conserved iron mule shoe and nails mounted on wooden display plaque. 659 grams, 11¾” x 8¾” x 1". A well-preserved (coated black) mule shoe with two corroded nails mounted with a small certificate and an in-situ photo of the chest that yielded the shoes onto a rectangular plaque with beveled edges and rounded corners, an attractive display guaranteed to bring good luck. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #I00035. Estimate: $75-$125.

1353. Bronze hull-pin inside large piece of wood. 4 lb, 14½” x 9" x 3". A significant section of the ship’s hull, the worm-eaten wood clinging to a round bronze rod, with lots of barnacles and loose sediment, just as it was found. With certificate. Estimate: $50$75. 1354. Lot of 4 pieces of bronze hull pins. 232 to 667 grams and about 6½” to 8¼” long and ¾” to 7/8" in diameter each. Four short sections of straight bronze pins (used to hold the ship together) in various diameters and with varying degrees of encrustation, a nice display from a popular shipwreck. With certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

Sunken City of Port Royal, Jamaica, submerged by earthquake in 1694

1355. Clay pipe with long stem, 1650-1680. 29 grams, 8" long. A nearly complete pipe, missing just the very tip of the stem, which was traditionally broken off after each use, the bowl very dark from charring but the exterior and whole length of the stem a glossy white, marked with W on the base, a beautiful and very wellpreserved relic from a popular salvage. With original Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1356. Lot of musketballs, buckles, nails and button, various periods. 250 grams total. A sampling of 24 common items from Port Royal consisting of 6 lead musketballs, 8 bronze buckles (various designs), 1 bronze button with anchor design, and 9 bronze nails with lovely encrustation and patina. With copies of Robert Marx certificates. Estimate: $75-$110.

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HMS Winchester, sunk in 1695 off the Florida Keys

1357. Wooden lime juicer found by Art McKee and pictured in the National Geographic. 92.6 grams, 5½” long. This incredibly intact item was pictured on page 762 of the December, 1977, issue of National Geographic magazine with a picture of Art McKee. Wooden items like this usually did not survive the sea, but on this piece the wood is very solid and dark and even lustrous, consisting of a sturdy handle attached to a 6-bladed paddle for squeezing limes (which was ironic because the crew of this ship died of scurvy), with tiny bits of sediment in crevices, a piece that was on display in Art’s museum on Plantation Key for many years but was never for sale. Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate and copy of the December, 1977, National Geographic magazine. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1358. Ivory lice comb found by Art McKee. 11.1 grams, 4" x 2-1/8". A thin, two-sided comb with very fine teeth (all broken off) for combing out lice, an artifact we have seen from several wrecks but not from this rare provenance, also with important McKee pedigree. Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England 1359. English brass gambling counter of Charles II. 1.4 grams, 7/8" in diameter. With portrait of Charles II on front and cruciform arms on back, legend of Charles II on both sides, this thin but perfectly intact token is very high grade (lustrous AU) and well detailed, just a few black spots against the brass color, used in the 1600s as a substitute for coins (since gambling for money was frowned upon) in gambling parlors, very rare if not unique as from a shipwreck. Pedigreed to the Lane auction of November 30, 1979, lot #99, with original certificate. Estimate: $50-$100.

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Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

1360. Long gold necklace of over 600 links. 35.5 grams, 29" long. One of the highlights of this sale, a perfectly intact and beautiful gold chain of tiny, round, hand-crafted links (one of which still shows some movement-restricting encrustation) with figure-8 clasp adorned by “olive blossom” floret, the gold very bright and obviously high grade, a significant “beach find” made by original Real Eight member Lou Ullian. Found on the beach at “Cabin wreck” by Lou Ullian after a storm on Thanksgiving, 1984, with special letter of provenance. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000. 1361. Cabochon-cut emerald, 3.15 carats, rare. 3.15 ct. A large emerald cut into cabochon shape (rounded oval), either prepared for jewelry or fallen out of jewelry, with lots of nice, darkgreen color and whitish encrustation, rare as a cut gemstone from a wreck. From the area of an original Spanish salvage camp, with Pearson photo-certificate #1715-0311. Estimate: $300-$450.

1365. Crude natural emerald (large, 34 carats). 34 ct. Big, rectangular rock with whitish green color peeking out of tan and even silver matrix, some encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $300$450.

1362. Domed octagonal-cut emerald, 2.15 carats, rare. 2.15 ct. Attractive cut gemstone (either prepared for jewelry or fallen out of jewelry) with octagonal cross-section and domed shape, nice green color with fairly good clarity, some tan encrustation, rare as a cut gemstone from a wreck. From the area of an original Spanish salvage camp, with Pearson photo-certificate #1715-0312. Estimate: $300-$450.

1366. Crude natural emerald (medium, 18.8 carats). 18.8 ct. Oddly shaped natural rock with lots of milky green color all over, fine encrustation all over. With small certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1363. High-quality natural emerald crystal, 1.7 carats. 1.7 ct. Classic crystal-shaped emerald, good green color and fairly good clarity. From the area of an original Spanish salvage camp, with Pearson photo-certificate #1715-0314. Estimate: $250-$375. 1364. High-quality natural emerald crystal (octagonal), 1.25 carats. 1.25 ct. Octagonal shape, possibly cut or maybe just the natural crystal shape, somewhat thin but good green color offset by whitish encrustation. From the area of an original Spanish salvage camp, with Pearson photo-certificate #17150316. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1367. Crude natural emerald (medium, 13.8 carats). 13.8 ct. Oddly shaped natural rock with lots of milky green color all over, fine encrustation all over. With small certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1368. Crude natural emerald (medium, 12.2 carats). 12.2 ct. Somewhat crystal-shaped rock of dark and light green color with tan sediment and encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.


1369. Crude natural emerald (small, 6.6 carats). 6.6 ct. Somewhat crystal-shaped rock of mostly white with tinge of green color, tan and white encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1370. Crude natural emerald (small, 4.6 carats). 4.6 ct. Flat, somewhat octagonal crystal with medium green next to white color, no encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1371. Crude natural emerald (small, 3.4 carats). 3.4 ct. Light green crystal with whitish encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1374. Large Chinese Kangxi blue-on-white porcelain plate shard. 135 grams, 5" x 3" x ¾”. A thick and heavy portion of the base of a massive plate, with lots of dark blue detail, some marine growth on edges, one of the more significant Kangxi shards we have seen from the Fleet. Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

1372. Crude natural emerald (small, 2.7 carats). 2.7 ct. Dark green nugget next to clear crystal with some black areas, no encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1373. Crude natural emerald (small, 2.2 carats). 2.2 ct. Flat, oblong crystal with lots of green color, no encrustation. With small certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1375. Lot of 3 Chinese Kangxi blue-on-white porcelain shards with edges gilded after salvage. 86.4 grams, up to 2¾”. Three relatively substantial shards of cups and/or bowls and/or plates with lots of blue detail, the exposed white edges attractively gilded keep them from chipping and to accentuate their beauty. Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1376. Lot of 12 pieces of a gold-plated pewter(?) box. 199 grams, ¾” to 3" each. Twelve worn fragments of various shapes and sizes with green and white encrustation on top of bright-gold gilding, two of the pieces obviously finials of some sort but the rest probably lateral or corner pieces. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1377. Large pewter buckle. 30.5 grams, 2½” x 2". A large, intact, rectangular buckle, very solid and heavy but plain, with a modicum of encrustation against gray surfaces. Estimate: $30-$50.

1378. Lot of 5 iron cannonballs of various sizes, professionally conserved. 7 lb total, from 1½” to 3" in diameter. This lot shows the wide range of sizes and caliber of cannonballs in use at the time, each one fully stabilized and black in color, with minor pitting on the surface from oxidation, the largest one quite glossy and heavy. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1379. Iron anchor chain snubber and pin. 15 lb, 40" long and 8" of the more impressive iron artifacts we have had from the Fleet, being 3 big links and one big spike used to secure the anchor chain to the ship, very solid and heavy, even if a bit rusty. Estimate: $200-$300. wide. One

1383. Lead split-shot (musketball). 53 grams, 7/8" diameter. In order to hit a bigger target, musketballs were sometimes molded in two halves with a wire between them, to the length of which the projectile expanded when fired, and this lot is a scarce instance of both halves encrusted together (the wire typically missing) with lots of brown and white color. Estimate: $50-$75. 1384. Lot of 3 lead musketballs and half of a split-shot. 69 grams total, each about 3/8" to ¾” in diameter. Three small, plain musketballs (the usual fare) with hemispherical half of a split-shot, which was a musketball that was molded with wire between the two halves so that the ball would split in two in midflight and expand to the length of the wire to hit a bigger target. With certificate. Estimate: $25$40.

1380. Iron belaying pin, professionally conserved. Over 4 lb, 14½” long and up to 2" in diameter. Shaped like a billy club (or a dagger with rod instead of blade), this well-preserved object was used to fasten ropes temporarily on board ships, its surfaces striated from oxidation (which tends to expose the original metal flow), glossy dark brown in color. Estimate: $150-$225.

1385. Bronze spike in wood section. 180 grams, 5½” x 4½” x 2". A complete bronze spike (square) driven into a thick piece of ship’s hull with whitish encrustation on one side, preserved and lacquered to prevent decay. From the Corrigans wreck site. Estimate: $150$225.

1381. Large lead sounding weight. 9 lb, 10" tall and 7" max diameter. Used to check depth, this tall lead weight is of typical shape, with hole at top and depression in bottom for wax (in order to check sand composition at the same time), loaded with white encrustation. Estimate: $100-$150. 1382. Lead sounding weight. 5 lb 4 oz, 7½” tall and 5½” max diameter. A typical, tall weight with large hole (for rope) at top and depression in bottom for wax (to check sand composition at the same time), no encrustation, nice dark lead color all over. Estimate: $60-$90.

1386. Cluster of bronze spike and nails. 150.5 grams, roughly 3½” x 1¾”. Fascinating as-found clump with one bronze spike and at least 10 small brass nails in a wonderfully encrusted conglomerate of shells and other debris, lots of orange, white, green and brown color. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1387. Lot of 17 small, bronze tacks. 16.1 grams total, each 1" long. Tiny bronze tacks, fully intact and dark in color, 17 in all. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1388. Lot of 5 curved steel needles. 3.2 to 4.1 grams and 5" each. As pictured on p. 155 of Galleon Alley by Bob “Frogfoot” Weller, these curved needles were either used for surgical purposes or for sailmaking, and as thin steel relics it is remarkable that they are so well preserved, with points still sharp. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1391. Small brass thimble piece. 2.4 grams, roughly ¾” x ½”. A typical sailmaker’s thimble with open top, a bit flattened and with tiny tears but otherwise intact and lightly encrusted with patina. Estimate: $20-$30. 1392. Lead cloth seal with Dutch lion design. 7.4 grams, approx. 1½” x 1". A small and well-detailed seal in a more or less pomegranate shape, with rampant lion holding a sword overhead and clutching arrows (the central element of the Dutch coat-of-arms), almost black in color but with nice, whitish encrustation here and there, especially on the back. Estimate: $40-$60.

Genovesa, sunk in 1731 on the Pedro Banks off Jamaica

1393. Wire shot (2 lead musketballs with spring). 50 grams, about 1½” x ¾”. In order to increase the chances of hitting a target, pairs of

1389. Lot of 4 straight steel needles. 2.6 to 3.4 grams and 4" each. Remarkably well preserved for iron, these straight needles for either surgical or sailmaking use have points that are still sharp. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $40-$60.

musketballs were often cast with a wire or spring between them so that the ammunition would rotate and expand, and this specimen is one of the most complete we have ever seen, also with a very rare provenance, a Spanish galleon sunk on her way from Cartagena to Havana laden with treasure but stripped by the English soon after the sinking. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

1390. Single “lance”-type steel needle. 8.7 grams, 6¼” long. This long and remarkably intact needle with sharp points at both ends has a thick, square “waist” near the middle, giving it the appearance of a jouster’s lance, its actual use probably having to do with surgery or sailmaking. With Real Eight Co. certificate. Estimate: $30-$50.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet, sunk in the Florida Keys

The Art McKee Collection of 1733-Fleet Artifacts The following items were found by the late Art McKee (to many the “grandfather” of treasure salvage), and placed on display in his famous Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key, for several decades a “must see” tourist spot in the Florida Keys.

1394. Gold eagle figurine, pre-Columbian design (Central American). 5.0 grams, about 1¼” x 1". Avian figurines like this one were first named águilas (eagles) by Christopher Columbus, who observed local natives wearing them as pendants when he sailed along the Caribbean coast of Central America in the early 1500s. Apart from the detailed eagle-like face and long, curved beak, however, this piece is hardly bird-like, as it bears prominent, curved “ears” at top; flat, wide-shouldered “arms” with clear “hands” and “fingers” to the sides; and a triangular torso with flat “legs” at the bottom (what Panamanians call “telephone bell pendants”). The back of it bears a loop for wear. The whole piece is obviously highgrade gold, and actually finely crafted for what it is. Its wreck provenance makes it very rare, but we understand that avian pendants like this are not unique in the realm of pre-Columbian gold. From the Capitana El Rubí and the estate of Art McKee, with 1996 photo-certificate from Art’s daughter Karen and $8,000 appraisal certificate from archeologist James Sinclair. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500. 1395. Natural emerald matrix. 69.9 grams, roughly 1½” x 2" x 1". This natural chunk of calcite rock contains two long crystals of emeralds that have to be among the highest-grade natural crystals ever found on a shipwreck, our theory being that the miners in Muzo (Colombia) decided the whole piece had to be shipped to Spain intact to receive the best care possible in removing the crystals from the surrounding matrix, which, incidentally, includes many little bits of sparkly pyrite (“fool’s gold”) in addition to dark-orange ferrous material in the gray matrix that also shows a bit of encrustation. The better of the two emerald crystals is at least ½” long and is dark green and somewhat translucent. Our guess is that the total emerald weight exceeds 50 carats. A fabulous natural artifact that undoubtedly had great value in the 1700s as well. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

1396. Wooden cocoa frother. 75.5 grams, 7" tall and 2-1/8" in diameter. This remarkably intact wooden object was used in the 1700s to stir chocolate and consists of a long, ornate handle that is removable from a heavy, round, knobby, mallet-like agitator, its old wood surfaces dark and lustrous, with tiny wormholes and chips here and there but fundamentally whole, a great display item that sat on display in Art’s Museum for many years but was never for sale. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

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1400. Small stoneware inkwell. 89.2 grams, about 2" tall and 1¾” in diameter. Perfectly cylindrical with

1397. Heart-shaped pewter locket/ reliquary. 21.8 grams, about 1¾” x 1". A very thick and solid pendant, now sealed shut but once used as a locket to contain something important, the remains of which you can still hear moving inside if you shake it. The shape is a classic heart, with a tall, holed stem, the surfaces dark gray and glossy but featureless. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $250$375.

flat bottom and narrow lip at top, which made for a sturdy, stable design for holding ink on board the ship, the shoulders dark but otherwise tan in color with bits of whitish encrustation, perfectly intact. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1401. Brass oval box for sealing wax (three parts). 49 grams, about lot consists of three separate parts, being one thin, ½” tall side and 2 flat, oval lids, presumably once held together with iron parts that rusted away, with nice brass color but no markings anywhere, some minor corrosion and bits of encrustation. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $300-$450. 3¼” x 2½”. This

1398. Six-sided Chinese cylindrical die (bone), rare. 25.6 grams, 1¾” tall and 7/8" in diameter. A very curious and rare object (only one known from a shipwreck) that was like a regular die (plural: dice) in that each of the 6 sides shows a number of pips from 1 to 6 (three times on each side), except that instead of being a cube, it is in the form of a cylinder, whose rolling movement was limited to one direction. Also rare as complete and intact except for its having been broken in two and glued back together. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

1402. Ivory lice comb (intact). 14.2 grams, 3-5/8" x 2". A flat, twosided comb with fine teeth on both sides (incredibly complete, which is rare), yellowish in color, with fine white grit (not lice) stuck between the teeth, best specimen we have ever seen. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $400-$600. 1403. Small cigar scissors. 17.9 grams, roughly 3¼” x 1-5/8".

1399. Base of a Chinese Kangxi blue-on-white porcelain cup with Chinese characters. 14.0 grams, roughly 1½” in diameter. While only the round base of a broken teacup, this piece is important in that it bears 6 Chinese characters, which typically tell when and where the porcelain was manufactured (but we cannot translate), apparently two pieces that were once separate but glued back together. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Like a modern pair of scissors but much smaller and without the usual blades but instead with hole next to one handle and crude, sharp rock next to the other that sliced off the tips of cigars inserted into the hole, made of an unidentified “white” base metal that was nicely polished but with bits of white and reddish sediment and encrustation that demonstrate its provenance, undoubtedly rare (first we have ever seen) and in remarkable condition. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

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1404. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay vase. 7.8 grams, 1½” x ¾”. A small vase with 4 rounded sides and bottom (looks like a dreidel!), short narrow neck with tiny hole in side, perfectly intact, light tan-gray color, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 1469). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1405. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay figurine (rabbit). 6.6 grams, 1½” x 1¼”. Crude rabbit shape with short, stubby legs and long ears (one broken off and glued back on), dark orange color with bits of encrustation, intact except for repair, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

1407. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay bowl. 23.3 grams, 2½” in A wide, shallow bowl with short, flared base, brown and gray color with dark brown painted design inside, fully intact, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. diameter and ¾” tall.

1408. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay urn. 9.8 grams, 2" tall and 1-3/8" wide. With two curved handles connecting from the top of the wide body to the long, narrow neck with wide rim at top, flared base at bottom, mostly dark brown against gray, intact but crude, a rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1406. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay figurine (bird). 3.5 Recognizable as the shape of a water bird with long and streamlined tail and neck and beak, legs broken off (otherwise intact), dark orange color, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $300$450. grams, 1½” x 1-1/8".

1409. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay pitcher. 8.6 grams, 1-3/8" tall and ¾” in diameter. With wide, flared top and base and fat body, remnants of a handle near top, this piece was unfortunately smashed and reassembled (only small pieces missing), brown with bits of white encrustation, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1410. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay cup. 4.5 grams, ¾” tall and 1" in diameter. Cute little teacup with small handle, dark orange in color with sandy encrustation in center, fully intact, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1411. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay pot. 8.4 grams, 1¼” in diameter and ¾” tall. A mini-cauldron without handle or base, sloped sides and wide top, full intact and dark brown on gray in color with bits of encrustation, small hole in side as made, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $125-$200. 1412. Pre-Columbian “Tonalaware” clay handled basket. 2.6 grams, 1" tall and ¾” in diameter. Basically a bowl with overarching handle that was broken off and glued back on, also with triangular piece of side missing but with nice bits of encrustation, dark gray color, rare and desirable artifact that was probably intended as a child’s toy and made in the village of Tonala near Guadalajara, Mexico (see Galleon Alley by Weller, pp. 118 and 146-9). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1413. Pre-Columbian (Mayan?) clay whistle. 16.5 grams, roughly 2" x 1" x ¾”. Crude, somewhat

triangular object with narrow slit in one point and hole near another point that somehow works as a whistle, the surfaces mostly dark red-brown with spots of lightercolored encrustation, probably a rare item but especially so as from a shipwreck. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 1414. Pre-Columbian clay llama figurine. 27.0 grams, roughly 2" x 2" x ¾”. A full llama at rest with legs folded, its head upright and with fully detailed face, a few small pieces broken off here and there but otherwise intact, tan in color with gray interior exposed where broken, rare as from a shipwreck. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1415. Pre-Columbian clay head, perfectly intact. 25.7 grams, roughly 1-7/8" x 1¼” x 1". A complete (albeit small) native head, with the ears and hair and eyes/nose/mouth all fully detailed and artfully done, mostly tan in color with minute encrustation in crevices, rare as from a shipwreck. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1416. Chinese brown soapstone figurine of a human and a frog, rare. 24.8 grams, roughly 2" x 1" x ½”. A perfectly intact and beautifully detailed little figurine in glossy stone that depicts a human on its stomach, supported by elbows, holding in his/her hands a dragonlike frog, very curious and very well executed. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $300-$450. 1417. Small, white, Chinese porcelain doglike figurine, probably rare. 15.1 grams, roughly 1½” x 1¼” x ¾”. Glossy white porcelain figurine that shows what appears to be a sitting dog with his front paws raised up to his face (in prayer?) next to a broken-off pole, with concave base, very unusual and mysterious. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 1418. Small, Chinese, brown soapstone buddha figure, probably rare. 13.5 grams, roughly 1¼” x 1" x ¾”. Small figuring of a buddha lying on his side, resting on one elbow, with flat base, some features on robe and hands and face peeking out from under whitish encrustation. Curiously, in his “accession records” (see lot #1654) Art does mention some “buddhas” that probably refer to this exact item and others. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1419. Small, Chinese, black soapstone buddha, probably rare. 6.7 grams, roughly 1¼” x ¾” x ½”. Small figurine of a buddha lying on his side, resting on one elbow, with flat base, a bit worn and hard to distinguish minute features, but apparently intact and encrusted with small bits of encrustation here and there. Curiously, in his “accession records” (see lot #1654) Art does mention some “buddhas” that probably refer to this exact item and others. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 1420. Large jade bead, rare. A large ball of beautiful green jade with hole in center for use as a bead, most of the surface polished to a luster but with lots of small fissures and gray areas that add to the overall attractiveness. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $150$225.

1422. Intact silver fork with important hallmarks on handle. 53 grams, 7¼” long. A very solid and perfectly intact fork with 4 sharp tines and scallop-tipped handle on which are several hallmarks, the boldest of which shows a clear M below head and crown between two pillars (a Mexican mark dating back to the 1500s), the others (less clear) being an eagle (tax stamp) and GõSA/LEZ, corresponding to silversmith Diego Gonzalez de la Cueva, all on mostly silvery surfaces with only light pitting from corrosion. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

30.8 grams, 1" in diameter.

1421. Green-glass “tear jar,” rare. 20.3 grams, 4" tall. With very tall, narrow neck with handle on side and wide, flat base, this oddlooking vase-like container in light-green glass had an equally odd purpose: Hired mourners would carry it to funerals and shed tears into it to give to the bereaved as a sort of memorial. Unfortunately the fragile neck is broken off right where it meets the base, but otherwise it is intact and beautifully encrusted with bits of coral. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

1423. Small, silver-plated spoon. 14.0 grams, 5½” long. A nice little teaspoon that is fundamentally intact except for a cut and bend in part of the handle, the surfaces bright silver in color against a gray (pewter?) background with spots of encrustation, no visible markings. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

1424. Alabaster spoon fragment. 25.2 grams, about 3¼” x 1-5/8". Made from an opaque white stone known as alabaster (first we have seen from a wreck), this spoon bowl and section of handle shows light encrustation throughout, with natural fissure in the material that does not appear to affect the integrity, which is intact except for the rest of the handle. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1425. Brass spoon fragment. 18.4 grams, about 3" x 2". The broad, round, shallow bowl and piece of the handle of a large spoon, with gray and green and white coral encrustation on dull brassy surfaces. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.


1426. Brown clay pipe bowl and stem (2 pieces). 17.5 grams total, up to 3" long. Most of the historic clay pipes you see are a chalky white, but this one is a dark gray-brown, with the bowl and about 1½” of the attached stem fully intact and lightly encrusted with coral on the base and inside, accompanied by a separate 2-5/8" length of the other end of the pipe stem with rolled lip and black where it entered the smoker’s mouth, otherwise same color and condition as the bowl. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 1427. Base-metal cufflink with blue-glass stones. 1.6 grams, 3/8" diameter each. A cute little cufflink made of black (encrusted) metal (possibly pewter) with bright blue (glass) stones in round sockets, bits of shell on back next to intact loops with connector. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1428. Small pewter buckle with encrustation. 3.5 grams, 7/8" x ¾”. As buckles go, this one is very small and unadorned (rounded rectangular), but the beauty of it is that it is fully intact with middle point on separate loop and is attractively encrusted with white coral (otherwise black in color). From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1429. Large brass sailmaker’s thimble in choice condition. 4.1 grams, 1" tall and ¾” in diameter. The brassy exterior of this large and fully intact thimble looks almost new (no dents or splits) but the interior is lightly stained with orange and green, probably the nicest shipwreck thimble we have ever handled. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1430. Medium brass sailmaker’s thimble, uncleaned. 2.8 grams, ¾” tall and ¾” in diameter. An average-sized thimble in perfectly intact condition but uncleaned so as to show staining and minor encrustation as found, a common item with an important provenance. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $75$110. 1431. Lot of 2 small brass sailmaker’s thimbles. 3.8 grams total, each ¾” tall and 5/8" in diameter. Two cute little thimbles, both perfectly intact, with light encrustation inside, common items with an important provenance. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1432. Clump of pins. 38.2 grams, roughly 2½” x 2" x ½”. A section of several layers of pins laid in groups at right angles, all oxidized together but many of the pins still intact (plus 2 loose ones), the entire object coated with heavy (clear) epoxy to prevent disintegration, all dark brown color. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1433. Half of a bronze crotal bell in encrustation. 24.3 grams, approx. 2" x 1¼” x 1". Bottom half (slit part) of a spherical bell embedded in a “sea rock” of debris that includes pieces of wood and clay, mostly orange but also some gray color. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1434. Conserved section of heavy, tarred rope. 282 grams, 6" long and 2½” in diameter. A very thick and solid chunk of tarred rope, dark and glossy from conservation, very rare to have survived, as most rope rots away. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

1438. Gun flint. 11.5 grams, 1½” x 1". A typical prism-cut stone for using in flintlock firearms, the exterior white but with a chip or two exposing a black interior, a common item with a significant provenance. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $25-$40.

Other 1733 Fleet Artifacts

1435. Lot of 2 bronze musketballs, rare. 63.8 grams total, each ¾” in diameter. In all our years of dealing in treasure artifacts we have never seen musketballs made of bronze, but since they made cannonballs out of bronze on occasion, then the same material for these smaller balls must not be unique and probably served as “high end” ammunition for wealthy pistol-owners. One is cleaned and evenly brown in color, the other patinated as found, both perfectly intact. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1436. Clump of lead musketballs and birdshot in encrustation. 84.0 grams, roughly 2" x 1¼” x 1". A thick orange “sea rock” of impacted mud with 3 musketballs and countless tiny birdshot embedded in it (also one birdshot loose), a fascinating display. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1437. Lot of 5 lead musketballs. 150.3 grams total, ½” to ¾” each. Typical musketballs with varying degrees of fine encrustation. From the Capitana El Rubí and pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

1439. Large iron barshot, professionally conserved. 14 lb, 13" long and 4" max diameter. With both ends flat and the middle bar hexagonal in cross-section, this is one of several types of barshot known from wrecks of this period, an effective type of ammunition designed to whirl around and foul rigging (not to mention striking a larger target), this example fairly well intact and heavy, corroded from oxidation but stable and flat black in color from conservation. From the Chaves site, with Somewhere in Time (Dick Holt) certificate (2001). Estimate: $500-$750.

1440. Bronze navigational dividers. 82 grams, 4" long. Very solid and intact except for the iron pin that holds the two interlocking arms together, nice brass color with some wear and corrosion, very recognizable nautical instrument from a well-known wreck. Estimate: $300-$500.

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1445. Small brass spike. 19.6 grams, 2¼” long. A short, straight spike with distinct flat head and point at other end, very bright brass color although for some reason the finder thought it was silver (perhaps due to the metaldetector reading). Estimate: $20-$30.

Nuestra Señora de los Milagros, sunk in 1741 off the 1441. Brass candlestick holder. 556 grams, 4-7/8" in diameter. Cup- Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico

shaped base and 3" vertical section of a candlestick holder in very solid (well-preserved) brass, lightly encrusted. Estimate: $250$375.

1442. Framed set of artifacts (buckle, shoe sole and buttons). 940 grams, 20" x 8" x 1". A rectangular “shadow-box” frame with glass, the artifacts fastened to red felt behind white mats with paper labels that identify the items and give the name of the ship. From the San Pedro site. Estimate: $125-$200.

1443. Encrusted scissors, broken and reglued. 142 grams, 4½” x 2¾”. A wonderful artifact that is basically a white-coral cocoon of a small pair of iron scissors, the coral following the contour of the piece exactly (both handles discernible, one broken off and crudely glued back on), totally stable and solid. Estimate: $50-$100. 1444. Bronze spout (from a shot bag or lamp?). 103 grams, about 3" x 3". This was consigned to us as being the top of an oil lamp, but more likely it is the spout from a shot bag, with bulbous nozzle attached to round flange inside which is a flow-control lever, the metal all dark but in perfect shape, with white encrustation inside the nozzle. Estimate: $50-$100.

1446. Large lead cloth seal with Tudor rose and British arms designs. 43 grams, 1-7/8" in diameter. This is one of the most detailed seals we have ever seen, with a big, crowned Tudor rose on one side and a full British coat-of-arms on the other side, the seal itself complete but slightly wrinkled and lightly dusted with encrustation. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

1447. Lot of 8 glass beads, drops and stones. 9.6 grams, up to 1½” long. This lot contains two beads, one small and clear and spherical bead and the other long and black and faceted; 2 long, black “drops” (one with bright white coral encrustation) plus a clear pink “drop”; and 4 small, faceted pieces for mounting, one square and blue, two rectangular (green and red), and one black and round and domed. All are a bit worn but intact, which is rare for shipwreck glass. Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

1448. Lot of 3 small, brass buckles. 26 grams total, each 1½” x 1¼”. Three very crusty, small, rectangular buckles with some engraved and molded design (each one different), common artifacts but neat to see with the original encrustation, which is mostly whitish against a gray background. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $75$110.

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1449. Lot of 2 large, ornate pewter buckles. 34 grams total, each 23/8" x 1-7/8". Both of these large, cleaned buckles are in perfect condition (shiny pewter color) with elegant detail all over, approximately rectangular in shape but curvy, quite attractive. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1450. Lot of small glass/copper jewelry items. 3.8 grams total, about 1½” x 1" overall. The main part of this lot is a cruciform pendant (with freemoving bottom part) that holds two dark green-glass crystals and sockets for 3 more, plus 2 loose buttons/ cufflink (matching design) with one dark green-glass crystal in each, some encrustation on the coppery surfaces. With Robert Marx certificate. Estimate: $40-$60.

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1750 off Montevideo, Uruguay

1451. Pair of gold filigree/emerald earrings. 11.5 grams total, each 2" x 1¼”. One of the highlights of this sale, a pair of gold filigree earrings in perfectly wearable condition (unlike most original Spanish shipwreck artifacts), highly ornate and high-grade gold with typically crude and pale emeralds (36 on each), each earring consisting of 3 moving parts plus wire loop at top, very impressive and clearly very valuable even in its own time. Found long ago in the Rio de la Plata area (hence believed to be from the Luz wreck but not 100% certain), with light calcifications in crevices. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000.

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Geldermalsen (“Nanking Cargo”), sunk in 1752 in the HMS Invincible, sunk in 1758 off the south of England South China Sea

1452. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain bowl, “scholar on bridge” pattern, in choice condition. 280 grams, about 2½” tall and 5¾” in diameter. Perfectly intact (no chips or cracks or wear), with lustrous glaze, the exterior depicting a man with downcast face, deep in thought, crossing a bridge between 2 rocky shores, among the best-preserved shipwreck specimens we have ever offered. With original Christie’s (Amsterdam) auction-lot sticker #3122, booklet and certificate, also pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #2 (lot #461), where it sold for $1,437.50. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1455. Half-foot section of rope in perfect condition. 81.5 grams, 6" long and 1" in diameter. A thick, straight piece of rope, totally intact and heavy, remarkably well preserved for having been under the sea for over 300 years, the consignor’s theory being that large coils of rope fell off the side of the ship as it sank, burying them deep in the mud of the Solent (the shipping lane that separates the Isle of Wight from the mainland) under the ship, which sank on a sandbank in February of 1758. Estimate: $35-$50.

La Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, sunk in 1753 off Montevideo, Uruguay

1456. Brass navigational dividers. 27 grams, 3" long. Fully intact but a little worn, consisting of two interlocking arms hinged at top, a recognizable nautical instrument that always makes a great display. With Arqueonautas certificate #16704. Estimate: $300-$450.

1453. Lot of 5 pewter spoons. 142 grams total, each 7" long. Five uncleaned spoons, perfectly intact but coated with encrustation, should clean up nicely. Estimate: $125-$200.

1454. Lot of 10 bronze buckles. 76 grams total, each about 1½” wide. Ten more or less rectangular buckles with some engraved design, uncleaned and mostly lightly encrusted with brown and whitish sediment. Estimate: $100-$150.

Unidentified Revolutionary War-era wreck sunk ca. 1780 off Maine

1457. Lot of brass navigational dividers and Paul Revere nail. 53 grams total, 2-5/8" to 3-5/8" each. While the dividers are traditionally the more significant item (the usual design with interlocking arms hinged at top, these frozen together with encrustation), in this case it is the nail that is important, as it shows a clear U.S. stamp on the head that is supposedly linked to the foundry of the famous Boston patriot Paul Revere. Estimate: $100-$200.

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Unidentified French wreck sunk ca. 1780 off Hispaniola

1458. Dutch flintlock pistol, professionally conserved and restored. 2 lb 2 oz, 15" long. Sometime in the 1990s a shipment of Dutch flintlock pistols was found on a French ship off Hispaniola, and these pistols were found to be ornate and intact, but with all the wood and iron destroyed by worms and oxidation. The pistols were then taken to Doug Armstrong, who is famous for his conservation work on shipwreck artifacts, and he preserved the ornate brass parts (doghead buttcap, ornately engraved trigger-guard, ornate sideplate and ramrod pipe), which were unaffected, and married them back to facsimile wooden stocks and iron barrels and locks that were molded from originals and then re-coated with shelly bits of the original encrustation that had been removed. The result: Unique, eye-catching pistols that look just like what you would expect for shipwreck salvage but without the continuing decay (most flintlocks found on wrecks are either kept “wet” in tanks or are sealed with an unnatural glossy coating that eventually bursts). The specimen we had in our Treasure Auction #3 was a major highlight and sold for over $4,000. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Unidentified wreck sunk in the 1780s off Busuanga Island, Philippines

1459. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain “kendi” (pitcher). 544 Very ornate and beautiful porcelain pitcher with bulbous spout (tiny pour-hole), wide-rimmed top and flat base, floral design with 2 lions, fully intact except for tiny chips in rim and spout, with a few barnacles and encrustation, quite lovely, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. With Philippines National Museum sticker #0096541 on base. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

grams, about 5½” tall and 5½” in diameter.

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1460. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, grapevine design. 118 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain, almost green-gray interior but exterior with grapevine motif, somewhat crude but fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

1463. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, striped design. 129 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain grayish-white interior but with faint pattern of vertical stripes on the outside, fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

1461. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, grapevine design. 127 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain white interior but vibrant grapevine motif on outside, fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

1464. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, striped design. 127 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain white interior but pattern of vertical stripes on exterior, all very glossy, fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

1462. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, swirled design. white interior but exterior shows a pattern of swirled shapes, fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

1465. Chinese blue-on-white porcelain rice bowl, crackledcircles design. 113 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain white interior with specks of gray, the outside of it with 4 bold circles with crackled, swirled designs and cross-shaped ornaments in between, fully intact and usable, from the same wreck that yielded the big bronze bell in our Treasure Auction #4. Estimate: $150-$225.

120 grams, 1¾” tall and 4¼” in diameter. Plain

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Hartwell, sunk in 1787 off the Cape Verde Islands, Constellation, built in 1797 west of Africa

1466. Lot of 6 cuprous watch keys and fobs. 12.0 grams total, each about 1". Mostly oval (one round and one cross-shaped), most with cylindrical protrusions for winding pocket-watches, the designs somewhat ornate and still very clear despite centuries under the sea (in fact intact, and nicely brassy in color), therefore somewhat rare even if small and of minimal intrinsic value. Estimate: $50$75.

1467. Lot of 6 cuprous watch keys and fobs. 15.9 grams total, each about 1". Mostly oval (one round and one club-shaped), most with cylindrical protrusions for winding pocket-watches, the designs somewhat ornate and still very clear despite centuries under the sea (in fact intact, and nicely brassy in color), therefore somewhat rare even if small and of minimal intrinsic value. Estimate: $50$75.

1469. Section of wood timber with plaque. 48 lb, 9" x 9" x 24". Visitors to Baltimore’s Inner Harbor tourist area are familiar with the frigate Constellation, the U.S. Navy’s first ship put to sea and the first to defeat an opponent, now a popular tourist attraction. The ship was de-commissioned and scrapped in 1853, when a “new” Constellation was built from its remains, parts of which were later used to make souvenirs like this one to help fund renovations (probably in 1955, when she was de-commissioned again and placed in the Baltimore harbor as a museum ship). The brass plaque on top of this piece (perpendicular to the length of the beam), with large hole in center to contain a large ashtray, is engraved with ORIGINAL TIMBER / 1797 / U.S. FRIGATE CONSTELLATION, also with copper cap on bottom and 1½” x 4¼” rectangular hole through the middle for a crossbeam. Estimate: $500-$750.

Colossus, sunk in 1798 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

1468. Lot of 6 cuprous watch keys and fobs. 12.0 grams total, each about 1". Mostly oval (one club-shaped and one cross-shaped), most with cylindrical protrusions for winding pocket-watches, the designs somewhat ornate and still very clear despite centuries under the sea (in fact intact, and nicely brassy in color), therefore somewhat rare even if small and of minimal intrinsic value. Estimate: $50$75.

1470. Large brass buckle. 34.8 grams, 2-3/8" x 1-7/8". A large and very hefty but unadorned rectangular buckle, its bright brass color pitted here and there but otherwise intact and impressive. With certificate from salvager Terry Hiron. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Unidentified English or French wreck sunk in the late 1700s in the English Channel

1471. Brass officer’s buckle, Sshape, swan motif. 6.3 grams, 1½”. Bright-brass S-buckle with heads of swans at each end, lightly encrusted in crevices, intact and interesting. Estimate: $60-$90. 1475. Lot of 30 lead musketballs. 703 grams total, about ½” in diameter each. Typical balls in various sizes, identical to those from colonial 1472. Engraved silver cufflink, octagonal shape. 4.5 grams, 1". A pair of small, flat buttons with floral engraving connected by oval loop, one of the buttons intact but the other with piece of edge missing, the silver nicely toned and uncorroded. Estimate: $50$75.

wrecks around the world and very useful for retailers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1476. Lot of 2 small, brass nested-weight cups. 29.2 grams, about 1". The smaller one is solid and well encrusted, the larger one with open bottom and several holes near top and bent but also with some green encrustation inside. Estimate: $25-$40.

1473. Pewter personal seal with yellow-glass insert. 2.3 grams, ½”. A small, oval button with design in yellow glass for pressing into wax, intact and lightly encrusted. Estimate: $25-$40.

1477. Clay pipe bowl. 12.4 grams, 1¾”. Intact bowl and short part of stem, all white and clean, a very recognizable colonial-era artifact. Estimate: $25-$40.

1474. Lot of 3 large lead cannonballs(?). 539 grams total, 7/8" to 1-13/8" in diameter. These are odd items (2 small and one large), for they

1478. Lot of 3 bronze/pewter buckles. 34.7 grams total, about 1" to 2". Three different buckles for various purposes, all more or less intact. Estimate: $25-$40.

seem to be too big for muskets but too soft for cannons, probably scarce, as we have not seen this type heretofore. Estimate: $75$110.

1479. Lot of 10 small bronze/pewter buttons. 38.6 grams, about ½” to 1" each. Mostly ornate in design, some with lettering, colors ranging from bright copper to black, light encrustation in crevices, about half with intact loops on back. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1480. Lot of 3 bronze/pewter spigots. 234 grams, up to 2". All 3 intact and recognizable, probably all used to tap into barrels, nicely patinated. Estimate: $35-$50.

1483. Large lot of copper and lead patches and scrap, spoon handle, spoon bowl, pull-ring, etc. 823 grams total. Sundry items, mostly lead sheathing and patches for stopping leaks but several other items (some identifiable, some not), nothing of great value but very curious and a good display all together. Estimate: $50$75.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador

1481. Lot of 8 bronze/pewter/lead seals and appliqués. 152.8 grams, up to 1½”. Rather interesting lot featuring striking designs, including a “Poseidon” face, a coat-of-arms, a standing horse, a Tudor rose, and even one with a clear name CORNELIS WEYERBROK (among other designs), mostly cloth seals but some appliqués from boxes and the like. Estimate: $50-$75.

1484. Brass rapier handle. 172 grams, 5" long and 1" in diameter. Very brassy in color, with white and green encrustation, this object was the grip of a Spanish rapier, with iron pommel at one end, the inside of it caked with encrustation around loose wooden shims, the gripdesign very flat and simple and not wire-wrapped like most. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1485. Lot of 6 small bronze nails. 35.5 grams total, each about 1" to 2" long. Nice lot of short nails with flat, round heads and square shanks, some patinated or lightly encrusted, otherwise brownish in color and intact. With certificate. Estimate: $25-$40. 1482. Lot of 13 brass/pewter furniture decorations and finials and other items. 224 grams total. A diverse lot of small items including a keyhole parts, finials, handles, knobs (one with white porcelain cover) and knob-plates (one with rare mercurial gilding), plus some other things, mostly patinated but undamaged. Estimate: $30-$45.

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Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31


Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1800 off Boavista Island, Unidentified wreck sunk in the early 1800s in the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa Florida Keys

1486. Ornate brass trigger guard. 42 grams, about 6½” x 1½” x ¾”. One of the largest and most ornate trigger-guards we have seen, with scrollwork engraving all over and nice brass color, undoubtedly from a high-end flintlock pistol of the period. With Arqueonautas certificate #BOA-013/99/41347. Estimate: $50-$75.

Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

1487. Lot of 4 glass apothecary’s pestles. 192 grams total, each about Four small, thick, clear-glass stirrers that apothecaries used to crush and mix medicines, these all remarkably intact and easily recognizable. With Arqueonautas certificate #VAL002/00/16149, /99/20888, /00/16221. Estimate: $150-$225. 2-3/8" to 4½” long.

1488. Ornate rose-gold (14K) medallion of the Virgen de la Guadalupe, dated 1805. 5.5 grams, approx. 1¼” 7/8". A perfectly preserved and important gold medallion with the image of the Virgen de la Guadalupe (Mexico’s highly revered 16th-century version of the Virgin Mary) on the front with N.S.D GUADALUPE DE MEXICO.A.1805 in the legend, the back smooth and flat and more coppery in color, the loop at top intact, with high relief but slightly worn, the date probably not when the medallion was made but referring to the date when the official Mass for Guadalupe was sanctioned by the Catholic church. Also noteworthy is the fact that the military Order of S.M. de Guadalupe was instituted by Mexican Emperor Iturbide in 1821, just prior to when this medallion was supposedly lost. The accompanying letter from a 96-year-old Miami woman states that she received the medallion from her father, whose own father salvaged it from a wreck in the Keys that he called “possibly Alligator” (in reference to the Alligator wreck of 1822). With 2008 letter in Spanish from an elderly lady whose grandfather found the piece presumably in mid- to late 1800s. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

Unidentified whaler wreck sunk in the early 1800s off Nantucket, Massachusetts 1489. Steel navigational dividers, professionally conserved. 39 earlier bronze versions, which generally had replaceable iron points in the arms, this later model (made of socalled “blister” steel for the presence of minute air pockets in the metal) had integrated points, still sharp on this example, which is a dark brown in color and is fully functional (no corrosion or rust, presumably due to being “buried deeply”). With explanatory letter from previous offering. Estimate: $150-$225. grams, 4" long. Unlike

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“Rombos wreck,” sunk in the early 1800s off the Cape Unidentified wreck sunk in the 1800s Verde Islands, west of Africa

1490. Lot of 8 small pewter spoons. 159 grams total, each 5½” long. A matched set of 8 small but complete teaspoons, a couple just a little bent or with damage to bowls, bright pewter color, each with hallmarks on handle that show a crown above WR and the word “Patent” in three boxes. With Arqueonautas certificate #BRV-006/ 01/16731.08. Estimate: $200-$300.

1493. Very long section of a large, bronze rudder-pin, coralencrusted and bent into an oval shape. 22 lb, 5' 1" long, 1¼” in crosssection. This is by far the largest ship’s fastener we have ever offered, clearly once part of a huge ship, presumably straight when installed but now bent into a more or less oval shape, with lovely brightwhite coral encrustation over at least ¾ of its surface, the exposed end flat and flared for receiving hammer blows to pin the rudder to the ship. Estimate: $350-$500.

General Abbatucci, sunk in 1869 off Corsica

1491. Lot of 6 large pewter spoons. 394 grams total, each 8½” long. A matching set of 6 large and complete spoons (the bowls just a little bent), bright pewter color, each with large hallmark in handle that shows a crown between W and R below which is ASHBERRY METAL on 3 of them and PATENT on the other 3. With Arqueonautas certificate #BRV-006/01/16731.26. Estimate: $150$225.

1492. Lot of 6 very small pewter spoons. 68 grams total, each 3-7/8" long. A matched set of 6 small sugar spoons, very simple in design with deep, round bowls, perfectly intact and bright pewter color, each with 4 small hallmarks in handles that read “P A & S.” With Arqueonautas certificate #BRV-006/01/16731.05. Estimate: $125$200.

1494. Gold oval locket. 9.8 grams, about 1½” x 1". Plain gold locket (fineness unknown) with thin glass panels (but nothing else) inside, no engravings or markings, with bale at top for wearing on a pendant, nice condition and usable. With original Christie’s (London) lotcertificate #100 from 1997. Estimate: $150-$225. 1495. Pair of large, low-grade gold earrings. 10.8 grams total, each about 2" x 1-1/8". As 19th-century “costume jewelry” these earrings were made of low-grade gold in fairly simple design, with raised oval panel inside crescent shape, spot of red enamel near bottom of oval, with small, round, separate panel at top attached to shepherd’s crook (for pierced ears), all intact but obviously salvaged. With original Christie’s (London) lotcertificate #77 from 1997. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1496. Low-grade gold ring with green stone. 2.4 grams, about ¾” in but intact ring with nice, dark-green glass stone in top, faint encrustation here and there, a wearable piece of shipwreck treasure. With original Christie’s (London) lot-certificate #77 from 1997. Estimate: $100-$150. 1497. Low-grade gold ring with red enamel. 5.2 grams, about ¾” in diameter. A wide, heavy band with three round panels at top, each containing two red-enamel spots flanking tubular protuberances, fully intact and wearable. With original Christie’s (London) lotcertificate #77 from 1997. Estimate: $100-$150. diameter. A simple

1501. Silver pocket watch with glass face. 57.0 grams, 1¾” in diameter. Solid and thick, with white/tan glass front and dark-silver back with geometric pattern, lightly corroded and encrusted all over, far from functional but interesting as a shipwreck artifact. With original Christie’s (London) lot-certificate #140 from 1997. Estimate: $75$110.

Unidentified wreck sunk in the 1800s in the English Channel

1498. Low-grade gold ring with red stone and enamel. 1.7 grams, about ¾” in diameter. Thin, narrow band with lozenge-shaped top that is covered with dark red and blue enamel in an x-shaped pattern around a central red stone (probably a garnet), fully intact and wearable. With original Christie’s (London) lot-certificate #77 from 1997. Estimate: $100-$150. 1499. Gold ring with socket for gemstone. 2.2 grams, ¾” to 7/8" in diameter. Small ladies’ gold ring (fineness unknown) with ornate detail at top around a large socket where a gemstone can be placed to make for a wearable piece with romantic shipwreck allure. With original Christie’s (London) lot-certificate #251 from 1997. Estimate: $100-$150.

1502. Lot of miscellaneous copper/brass items. 222 grams total. This lot contains 4 encrusted pewter spoon parts, one with clear Birmingham hallmark, and 5 copper items (partially encrusted perforated top of a shaker, porcelain-topped knob, 2 nails and part of a handle), nothing rare or valuable but all kind of interesting with evidence of immersion. Estimate: $70-$100.

1500. Silver pocket watch with gold-plated trim. 49.8 grams, 1¾” in diameter. A thick, round watch that was oxidized and encrusted shut, the fob at top just a lump of dark sea rock, part of the flat silver face polished to show a little detail, the bezel a faint gold color, interesting artifact. With original Christie’s (London) lotcertificate #140 from 1997. Estimate: $75-$110.

1503. Shallow copper bowl/spoonrest made of copper from the ship. 25.2 grams, roughly 4" in diameter. An ornate piece of hammeredthin copper in the form of a horseshoe showing a vignette of the ship and the words THIS ARTICLE IS WARRANTED TO BE MADE OF COPPER FROM THE SHIP “FOUDROYANT,” which was Lord Nelson’s flagship that survived almost 100 years before wrecking in a gale in 1897. Estimate: $50-$100.

Foudroyant, sunk in 1897 off Blackpool, England

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Unidentified wreck sunk in the 1800s or 1900s in Tampa Bay, Florida

1504. Iron padlock with skull-and-crossbones design, probably modern and fanciful but clearly corroded from immersion. 148 grams, 2½” x 3¼”. This once-functional iron padlock has the look of a Hollywood movie prop, as it looks almost intentionally crude and rustic and bears a clear skull-and-crossbones design on the front, yet it does look old, so… could it be a genuine shipwreck pirate item? We’ll let the bidders decide. Estimate: $50-$200.

S.S. Medina, sunk in 1917 off Devon, England

1505. Large, ornate silver picture frame. 410 grams, 10" x 12". A generous gift presented (according to the inscription on the backplate) to “Mrs. MACKICHAN FROM WOMEN STUDENTS 1917 WILSON COLLEGE,” probably once containing a photo of the students but now just the scrollwork frame and backplate (crafted into the design of a vine-like tree studded with birds and flowers), fully intact (just a little bent) and wonderfully pedigreed, rare as an artifact from a World War I ocean-liner sunk on her way back from Bombay, India, by a German U-Boat on April 28, 1917. Pedigreed to the Sotheby’s (Billingshurst) auction of May 26, 1988, with lot tag #142, certificate #275, and antique postcard showing the ship. Estimate: $100-$150.

NON-SHIPWRECK ARTIFACTS

Pre-Columbian

1506. Lot of 4 pre-Columbian copper-arsenic “axe-money” pieces (tajaderas). 78 grams total, from 2" to 8" long each. This small grouping of native-American trade currency made in Mexico from about 1300 AD onward consists of 3 different types: A long, thin, wavy tajadera of the Guerrero-Michoacan (Tarascan) culture in Western Mexico, uncommon in this size; a wide mushroom-shaped tajadera of the Xaaga (Oaxaca) culture of southern Mexico, scarce; and 2 very small tajaderas of the Mixtec (Oaxaca) culture of southern Mexico, very rare. All 4 are in nice, undamaged condition with a dusting of tan sediment and patina (especially on the Xaaga piece, which also shows an antique dealer’s price in modern gold ink). Estimate: $175-$275.

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Found at a Spanish Colonial site in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590 1507. Gold/pearl/emerald eagle pendant, rare. 4.3 grams, 1¼” x ½”. This small but gorgeous jewel features an eagle with outspread wings and free-moving tail, studded with natural pearls and an emerald, in superb condition and still wearable, the gold bright and high grade, the pearls (one large and acting as the eagle’s torso and the other two smaller and dangling from the tips of the wings) crudely shaped but very lustrous (good nacre), and the emeralds no more than brilliant-green chips on the eagle’s perch. Though few pieces like this survive today, period paintings of wealthy Spaniards show avian pendants like this one (also a parrot with closed wings), which were popular gifts from the New World for royalty and nobility to wear (a similar eagle piece was found on the Atocha shipwreck of 1622). The designs of these elegant bird jewels was a challenge for goldsmiths, as most included moving parts and different materials like gemstones and pearls, as the intact piece on offer here demonstrates so well. Among the most significant Spanish colonial artifacts we have ever handled. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $2,500$3,750. 1508. Emerald cluster and loose stones. About 0.5 grams total. A small, natural emerald-studded rock with three loose emeralds, all rather clear and bright green, generally much better than what you see from shipwrecks. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $70-$100.

1509. Lot of 16 small gold beads strung together on a wire. 3.1 grams total. Each bead in this lot is different, ranging from simple spheres to a filigree cage to a tiny tube, all high-grade gold and still quite usable for jewelry. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $400-$600.

1510. Lot of 13 small gold beads and one gold pendant strung together on a wire. 2.2 grams total. Each bead in this lot is different, mostly spheres and tubes but also one small pendant, all high-grade gold and still quite usable for jewelry. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $350-$500. 1511. Lot of 2 small gold items: serpent’s head ear- or nosering and fishhook(?). 2.3 grams total. The serpent ring is a preColumbian design that we have seen before, possibly Mayan or Incan, with ornate serpent’s head at one end and sharp point at other; the other item looks for all the world like a fishhook but must have been a jewelry piece, with loop at one end and sharp point at the other. Both are high-grade gold and should be considered somewhat rare. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $600-$900.

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1512. Lot of 7 small gold jewelry pieces. 1.6 grams total. A hodgepodge of small and mostly intricate pieces in high-grade gold, ranging from a thin twisted-wire ring to an embossed medallion. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $90-$135.

1515. Glass-bead necklace with a variety of beads. 38 grams total and about 24½� long. A variety of small glass beads, ranging from multicolor spheres in a zigzag pattern to simple blue tubes, also some orange and pink and green, an excellent sampling of different types strung together on a wire so they can be worn today. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200-$300.

1513. Small silver parts of a flagellation wheel (flail). 1.9 grams. Four small, thin silver parts found together that once comprised a flagellation device, with sharp-pointed wheel and disks embossed with classical busts, a fascinating lot with likely religious significance. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1516. Glass-bead necklace, some beads clear (scarce). 23 grams total and about 18" long. Mostly thin, blue, tubular beads but also some 1514. Ornate silver ornament. 22.2 grams, about 2-3/8" x 1-5/8". This unidentified object shows a bearded face in the center, with narrow branches above, probably the bottom part of something much bigger. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

small spheres and odd shapes in white and orange and green, and significantly two of clear glass, which is scarcely seen, all strung together on a wire to make a wearable necklace. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200$300.

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1519. Small glass-bead necklace, mostly cylindrical blue beads. 21 grams total, about 16" long. A choker-length necklace (strung on a wire) of nearly all cylindrical pale-blue beads plus 4 smaller beads of different types. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $125-$200. 1517. Small glass-bead necklace with a variety of beads. 20 grams total and about 12½” long. A choker-length necklace (strung on a wire) of mostly ornate, blue-and-red spherical beads in zigzag patterns but also some plain black ones and others in white and red and pink, wonderful variety. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200-$300.

1520. Bracelet of cylindrical blue-glass beads. 16 grams total and of 7 straight-cylindrical beads, 6 of them dark blue and the last one whitish, some with jagged ends but all usable, here strung on a wire for a large bracelet. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $100$150. about 9½” long. A lot

1518. Small glass-bead necklace with a variety of beads. 11 grams total and about 14½” long. A choker-length necklace (strung on a wire) of mostly cylindrical whitish-blue beads but also some dark-orange toroids and smaller beads in various designs. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $150$225.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com

1521. Lot of one large glass bead and parts of 2 others. 68 grams total, the complete bead 1½” in diameter. Large glass beads such as this one are quite rare, this one with all the colors of the rainbow in what appears to be the well-known Italian “millefiori” design, the center hole rather large and a little chipped, the other two pieces of the same design but incomplete. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1522. Lot of 3 tubular glass beads and one glass/clay bead. 37.7 A mixed lot of beads, the spherical one made of dark orange clay and embedded with blue glass (missing a small part), the cylindrical beads all blue (varying shades) and mostly twisted, all still usable for necklaces. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $70$100. 1523. Thick glass ring, rare. 1.2 grams, ¾” in diameter. A rare, thick, black-glass finger-ring with Maltese cross embossed in the top, still wearable (ladies size), perfectly intact. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200$300. grams total, roughly 7/8"-1¾” each.

1524. Lot of 2 small glass rings. 0.5 gram total, ½” and ¾” in diameter. Two tiny rings in black glass, very thin and delicate (rare to be intact), with small oval panels at top, the smaller one plain but the larger one with swirled pattern that is reminiscent of the famous “sun-over-mountains” design on Guatemalan coins of 3 centuries later! Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $100-$150.

1525. Lot of glass ring and bracelet pieces. 11.6 grams total, 3/8" to 6" each. Eight pieces of black- or blue-glass rings and bracelets (the way they are usually found), with some design on the ring pieces (one with initials) and the largest bracelet piece in an ornate twisted pattern. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1526. Lot of 3 ceramic/glass pieces. 48 grams total, about 1" to 3" each. A fascinating lot of three shards, one pointed piece in blue glass with shell-like pieces of white and red inside, one flat in clay with swirled brown/white glazed exteriors, and the best one a majolica(?) handle with almost Egyptian face in blue and yellow against a cracked white background. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1527. Lot of 7 small ebony pieces. About 0.2 to 3.0 grams and 3/8" to ¾” each. Seven small, ornamental pieces of carved ebony (a darkblack wood), various designs, a few ornate and one with lettering. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110.

1528. Tiny bone or ivory gaming die. 0.3 gram, ¼” cube. Just like a modern die (one of a pair of dice), with incuse pips on each side (numbered 1 to 6, mostly filled with sediment), but very small, a bit sunken on each side (as made), quite cute and recognizable. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60. 1529. Lot of 3 brass coin weights, 2 with seals on top. 12.9, 8.5 and 4.4 grams, ½” to 7/8" in diameter each. Three small disks of brass in more or less incremental weights, the two larger ones with stamped seals on top, the middle one corroded but the largest with clear •castle• above the letter C (probably rare and significant). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110.

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1530. Set of 8 brass nesting cup weights. 219.2 grams, 1" tall and 1¾” Individual cup-weights are actually a fairly common find in colonial areas, but putting together a set that fits together so well as this one does is a real challenge! Most sets were mixed and matched in their own day (as cups were lost and replaced over time), the important thing being standardized weights for each size. The cups in this lot show minor encrustation over surfaces of varying colors of brass or bronze, all solid and undamaged otherwise. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $80-$120. in diameter (nested).

1531. Lot of 2 brass nesting cup-weight lids and pan for scaleweight. 379 grams total, about 3" in diameter. The two lids are heavy and thick with latching mechanisms on top, the shallow pan thin and light with 3 holes at very edge for suspension (plus another hole that is probably damage), all nicely patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75$110. 1532. Bronze candlestick holder and parts of 2 others. 508 grams

1533. Earthenware bowl (repaired). 218 grams, 5" in diameter and 2½” tall. A plain, yellowish bowl with small, flared base, once broken into 5 pieces but glued back together, some light mauve glaze remaining. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1534. Lot of 3 earthenware olive-jar necks. 680 grams total. Two large (4", tan) and one smaller (3", whitish) intact necks, great for displays, much less common than the lateral shards. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30.

total, main piece 5¾” tall and 4" in diameter. A

crude 2-part candlestick holder with round base and cylindrical stem bolted together, plus the stem of another, similar one and a stand-alone simple circular holder in lighter metal, all somewhat patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110.

1535. Lot of 3 earthenware olive-jar necks. 756 grams total. Two large (4") and one smaller (3") intact necks, 2 with part of shoulder attached, all whitish, one with X mark on lip, great for displays, much less common than the lateral shards. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20$30.

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1536. Earthenware ring. 150 grams, 4" in diameter. This weird object looks like a bit like an olive-jar neck but is a separate piece, not broken off anything, tan in color and intact, whatever it is. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30.

1537. Bronze enema-pump nozzle and tips. 166 grams total, main piece 5" tall and 2½” in diameter. We have seen these items before from shipwrecks, always with long, narrow spout flaring to a wide base for attaching to a sort of syringe, the large piece complete but broken and glued together at the start of the flare, the other 2 pieces just the long tips, all with small holes near end, nicely patinated, rare and perhaps surprisingly popular artifacts. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $200$300.

1538. Bronze leather-working tool. 41 grams, 5½” long. This strange, spur-like item consists of a corrugated wheel at the end of an ornate shaft (intact but with the iron pin holding the wheel rusted away and replaced with something modern, the surfaces of the bronze nicely patinated), its use a bit mysterious but probably related to the marking or tempering of raw leather. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $100$150.

1539. Iron breech block for large cannon. 11 lb 3 oz, 8½” tall and 3" in diameter. Heavy, mug-like object that was packed with powder and shot and placed into the breech of a cannon for firing, this example rusted and corroded but fundamentally intact. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $150-$225.

1540. Large iron cannonball. 4 lb 12 oz, 3" in diameter. A typical cannonball, big and heavy, rusty but stabilized and solid, just like the ones you see from shipwrecks. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110. 1541. Medium iron cannonball. 2 lb 7 oz, 2½” in diameter. A typical

cannonball, big and heavy, rusty but stabilized and solid, just like the ones you see from shipwrecks. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the s o u t h e r n Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1542. Lot of 5 small iron cannonballs. Over 2 lb total, 1" to 1¾” in diameter. Five rusty but stabilized balls of varying sizes, just like the ones you see from shipwrecks. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

1543. Large lead cannonball(?), probably rare. 273 grams, 1½” in diameter. Too large to be a musketball but probably too soft to be a cannonball, but unquestionably ammunition of some sort, this strange piece is among the first we have seen, very well formed and with brown and white patina. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45.

1544. Lot of 3 lead splitshot/ springshot musketballs. 93 grams total. Three lead musketballs with protrusion where wire was inserted during molding to make into connected pairs for increased damage potential when fired. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110.

1545. Lot of 5 rolled-lead “homemade” musketballs. 55 grams total. Musketball molds and pliers were scarce at times, and colonists then had to resort to making crude shot out of flat pieces of lead rolled into balls. This lot contains one unrolled piece and 4 rolled balls. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1546. Lot of lead birdshot with 3 mold sections. 49 grams total. Unlike larger balls, which were typically made with pliers, small birdshot was usually cast in strip-molds and broken off the strips like candy dots. This lot shows both the finished product (8 individual balls) and 3 strips with the balls still attached (2 with 4 balls each and one with just one ball still attached). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $75-$110.

1547. Lot of 25 lead musketballs. 483 grams total. The standard colonial fare for firing from flintlock muskets, each with dusty encrustation and sediment, identical to what you see from shipwrecks. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1548. Small lead sounding-weight. 212 grams, 2¼” tall. A typically tall, somewhat pyramidal weight with hole at top, tan encrustation all over, used for sounding depths in rivers and other waterways. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45. 1549. Lot of 2 lead cups. 314 grams total, 2½” in diameter, 1" and 2½” tall. Two flat-bottomed cups, one very short and one tall, made of soft lead (now light brown in color) with little pieces missing here and there, purpose unknown (hopefully not for drinking!). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1550. Lot of broken glass items (mostly drinking goblets). 138 grams total, up to 3" each. Two round bases and 4 smaller pieces, some with white striping, once part of ornate tableware in clear or light green glass, lightly encrusted. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1551. Lot of broken glass items (mostly drinking goblets). 95 grams total, up to 3" each. Two round bases and 3 smaller pieces, some with white striping, once part of ornate tableware in clear or light blue glass, lightly encrusted. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1553. Lot of 2 pewter religious items. 14.1 and 8.0 grams. Probably parts of a medallion and a crucifix, one with Madonna and child design and the other a crooked cross. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45. 1554. Lot of many copper needles, pins, tacks and shoe-string tips known as aglets. 28.7 grams total. Mostly flat-head tacks and sphere-head pins, but also some tubular aglets, which colonists fastened to the ends of their shoe-strings to facilitate threading and keep from fraying, mostly intact but patinated and some coated with wax. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $25-$40. 1555. Lot of small brass/bronze buttons and lead button-backs. 90 grams total. The 17 small, spherical buttons in this lot are largely intact (some coated with wax), many with loops on back, and are accompanied by 8 flat disks of lead that kept the buttons from pulling through the cloth. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1552. Lot of 6 lead seals and other small lead pieces. 100 grams total, about ½” to 2" each. Mostly these are round seals from bolts of cloth, one clearly dated 1593, but the largest item may be a lid of some sort with protrusion in middle, all lightly encrusted. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1556. Lot of silvered mirror pieces. 98 grams total, about 1" to 3" each. To make mirrors in colonial days, sheets of copper were coated with a thin silver veneer that was polished to a shine, as these small shards of varying thicknesses demonstrate (the 7 years’ bad luck long since passed). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1557. Lot of 2 bronze pestle pieces. 650 grams total, up to 5½”. Most of a heavy bronze pestle (for crushing and mixing food and medicine) plus the tip of another, both nicely patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1560. Lot of 7 brass thimbles. 23 grams total, ½” to ¾” long. Seven intact thimbles, dark-brown copper in color, one patinated, all but one of a closed design and the seventh with open top. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90. 1561. Lot of 4 small bells. 58 grams total, ¾” to 1¾” each. Three crotal bells (spherical with slit in bottom) of various size plus one flared clapper-type bell, all but the smallest crotal bell (which is brightly patinated) a nice, dark bronze color. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1558. Lot of 6 large, ornamental nails. 69 grams total, each about 1½” tall and 1" in diameter.

Probably studs on chests or other wooden furniture, each of these short nails has a large, round cap, some plain but others with flowery design, the shanks mostly bent and the surfaces corroded but intact. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45.

1559. Lot of 4 brass scabbard tips. 64 grams total, 1¼” to 2¼” each. Each of these items is flat and rounded at one end, with narrow space for blade tip, all once attached to the end of sword scabbards made of leather steel or other perishable material, one of the tips of ornate and open design but the other 3 plain. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1562. Lot of 11 bronze buckles. 78 grams total. Many different sizes and designs, all more or less intact and patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50$75.

1563. Lot of 12 small gilded-bronze items. 112 grams total. Mostly rectangular slides, plus one ornate scabbard tip and other items, almost all with at least traces of bright gilding. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50$75.

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1564. Bronze scoop. 72 grams, 6¾” x 2-3/8". This looks just like a modern shoe-horn but was probably some kind of long scoop with rolled end for attaching to a wooden handle. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20$30.

1567. Lot of 10 miscellaneous bronze items, including a spur and a hinged latch. 102 grams total, up to 3". A hodge-podge of items, some identifiable, some not, but all at least somewhat patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30. 1568. Lot of 2 small bronze pendants. coppery fobs with loops at top and slits in bottom, exact purpose unknown, nicely patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45. 20 grams total, each about 1¾”. Two

1565. Lot of 2 unidentified bronze tools (drill bit and nail remover?). 58 grams total, each about 3" long. One of the items in this lot appears to be a drill bit, with tapered shank that shows marks from clamping and spiral drill at other end; the other item consists of a straight round shank connected to a flat piece that looks like birds’ wings (probably used for prying out nails). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45.

1569. Lot of 7 bronze equestrian bridle rings. 221 grams total, diameters of 1¾” to 2-1/8" each. Plain, perfectly round rings, all nicely patinated, used for horse tackle. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $35-$50.

1566. Lot of 8 miscellaneous bronze items, including a key and large latch. 158 grams total, up to 5". A hodge-podge of items, some identifiable, some not, but all at least somewhat patinated. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30.

1570. Lot of 3 iron muleshoes and many nails. 676 grams total, the shoes up to 5". Three wide, flat muleshoes and 28 large nails, all rusty but stable. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1571. Iron dagger blade. 144 grams, 13" long and ¾” wide. Rusty but solid, a double-sided blade and rectangular tang of classic design with prominent blood-groove, no discernible markings. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

1572. Iron dagger blade. 202 grams, 12" long. Doubled-sided blade with ridge in center, round tang, rusty all over but stable, no discernible markings. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

1573. Lot of 2 iron dagger pommels. 509 grams total, each about 2½” long and 1¼” in diameter. Two heavy pommels of different designs (one cylindrical and the other top-shaped), both rusted but black from conservation. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45.

1576. Iron axe-head. 646 grams, 5½” x 3-5/8". Heavy axe-head, a bit corroded but stabilized, curiously crafted in one piece with a tapered end wrapped around to make the hole for a wooden handle. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $50-$75.

1577. Lot of 2 iron chisels. 578 grams total, each about 7" long. Two large chisels with one end flat and the other (round) end blunt, both rusty but stable and heavy. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1574. Lot of 2 iron dagger pommels. 612 grams total, each about 2½” long and 1¼” in diameter. Two heavy pommels of different designs (one cylindrical and the other top-shaped), both rusted but black from conservation. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $30-$45.

1578. Lot of 2 iron tools (hammer and pick). 558 grams, 4½” and 7" long. Two complete tools, one a short-handled hammer with nailpuller opposite the hammer end (like a modern hammer), the other a crude pick with long, triangular part inserted into handle, both rusted but fully stabilized and solid. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

1575. Large iron shears. 361 grams total, 10½” long. An absolutely huge pair of scissors, rusted shut but all there and fully stabilized (black), quite a nice display. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1579. Lot of 2 iron tools (hammerhead and screwdriver?). 228 Two miscellaneous iron tools, rusty but solid, the smaller one the head of a hammer of some sort and the bigger one like a big, two-handed screwdriver with loop at top for wooden crossbar. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30.

grams total, about 4" and 7" long.

1582. Iron lock and key. 152 grams total, about 2½” each. Rectangular padlock with non-matching key, both rusted but stable (conserved) and heavy. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $25-$40.

1580. Lot of 12 iron spikes. 810 grams total, up to 9" long. Twelve nails of various sizes, all but the largest one square-shanked, all corroded but stable (black from conservation). Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $25$40.

1583. Iron lock and key. 154 grams total, about 2". Spherical padlock with non-matching key, both rusted but stable (conserved) and heavy. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $25-$40.

1581. Iron lock and key. 224 grams total, about 2½” each. Rectangular padlock with non-matching key, both rusted but stable (conserved) and heavy. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $25-$40. 1584. Lot of 6 iron keys. 219 grams total, 3" to 3½” each. Six rusty but completely intact and conserved small keys of classic design, each one a little bit different. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $40-$60.

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1585. Lot of 6 miscellaneous iron pieces. 372 grams total, up to 5½” long. Six unidentified items, all rusty but conserved, various shapes and sizes. Found in a Spanish colonial area in the southern Caribbean, ca. 1590. Estimate: $20-$30.

Religious/jewelry/precious metals

1587. Silver cross, Spanish colonial, probably late 1700s. 26.4 grams, 3" x 1¾”. Two-piece crucifix (Christ figure and flat cross) with minimal engraving, dark and dusty in color, significant artifact from an area of Spanish encampment. Found in the Ocilla River in northwest Florida. Estimate: $350-$500.

1586. Silver and chonta-wood cross, Spanish Colonial, 1750, very rare. 47.5 grams, 6" x 3¼”. A large wooden cross with small silver Christ figure and several silver bands, also with skull and crossbones below Jesus’ feet in reference to Golgotha, the hill where Christ was crucified and buried, but also symbolic of victory over death (yet of course better known today as the symbol favored by pirates), the chonta-wood composition believed to protect against evil (according to Inca tradition), the whole artifact in perfectly preserved condition, very dark, with loop at top for wearing. Found in Peru. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

1588. Candle holder (Mexican? 1800s?) made from 33 small silver cobs. 169.6 grams, 4" tall and 1½” in diameter. This crazy item consists of 33 genuine silver cobs (mostly Philip V Potosí 2R, but some 1R and other mints [Mexico, Lima and Guatemala] and periods) soldered together cross-side out and end-to-end vertically to form a cylindrical cup for housing a candle, with 3 cobs at the bottom bent to make feet and 2 on the side planed smooth and engraved with the names “Fedor” and “Lise” (a wedding gift, perhaps?), the base no more than a web of strings, with 3 silverwire horizontal supports. Several of the cobs show dates and assayers, and one even has a full Central American Republic counterstamp of 1846 (Costa Rica), all the silver darkly toned, a bit gaudy overall but very appealing to collectors of cobs and antiques alike. Estimate: $600-$900.

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Weapons

1591. Large bronze signal cannon, Spanish colonial, 1600s. 6½ lb, 4" tall, 3½” in diameter. Short, crude, flat-bottomed cannons like this one were apparently in widespread use throughout the colonies but particularly in Peru, where they were fired either to send up signals or to test powder, the metal surface on this one smooth and dark with bright blue patina around touch-hole near bottom and inside the 1½” bore, scarce as larger than most. Estimate: $600$900.

1589. Large gold crucifix, 1800s, Brazilian/Portuguese. 52.6 grams, 5" x 2". A large and very ornate pendant depicting Christ on a cross with sunburst background, INRI on banner at top below a small loop and jump-ring for wear, all assembled from several pieces of varying colors of high-grade gold pinned together, quite impressive and significant as probably once the property of an important church dignitary. Estimate: $7,000-$9,000.

1590. Pair of gold/gemstone earrings, ca. 1880, Portuguese. 7.0 grams total, each 1½” x ½”. Ornate pair of earrings, each with tiny red garnets in the pattern of a cross on three free-moving strips of gold below lyre-shaped ornament with 8 tiny turquoises as a base and flower at top with another tiny turquoise in the raised center, post in back, very elegant and wearable. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

1592. Small bronze signal cannon, Spanish colonial, 1600s. 3 lb, 3" tall, 2½” in diameter. Short, crude, flat-bottomed cannons like this one were apparently in widespread use throughout the colonies but particularly in Peru, where they were fired either to send up signals or to test powder, the bore on this one about 1¼” and with distinct touch-hole near bottom, lightly patinated throughout and with white encrustation inside. Found in a colonial area of Peru. Estimate: $150-$250. 1593. Very small bronze signal cannon cast with nail, Spanish colonial, 1600s. 1 lb 6 oz, 2¾” tall and 2" in diameter. Short, crude, flatbottomed cannons like this one were apparently in widespread use throughout the colonies but particularly in Peru, where they were fired either to send up signals or to test powder, the bore on this one about 1" and with very crude touch-hole near bottom, just below an iron nail of mysterious purpose that was cast crosswise into the cannon (its rusted ends protruding from the sides), lightly encrusted with tan sediment. Found in a colonial area of Peru. Estimate: $150-$250.

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1594. Shell-guard cutlass, German, ca. 1680, rare. Nearly 3 lb, 30" long. This is the exact type of sword most favored by pirates, with wide, curved blade, scallop-shell hand-guard, S-shaped crossbar with thumb-ring, wire-wrapped grip, and heavy spherical pommel. For its age, this piece is in remarkable condition, all original except for a typical re-wrapping of the grip in the 1900s, a touch of rust here and there but mostly polished steel color and with sharp blade that screams out “arrr, run ya through!” Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

1595. Iron musketball pliers (mold), probably British, ca. 1680. 71 grams, 4" long. The ubiquitous lead musketball was usually molded by a device such as this one, basically a set of pliers with spherical cup with hole for pouring in the lead, this example perfectly intact save for some rust and corrosion on the arms only. Estimate: $150$225.

1596. Iron pistol-ball pliers (smaller and rarer than musketball pliers), probably British, ca. 1680. 52.8 grams, 4¾” long. A pair of pliers for molding small lead pistol balls, with straight arms attached to a simple, spherical cup with hole for pouring in the lead, intact except for the tip of one arm, possible maker’s mark on the inside of the other arm, no corrosion or rust worth mentioning. Estimate: $150-$225.

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Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31 248


1597. Bronze swivel cannon, Dutch, ca. 1750, with Amsterdam mark, mounted on custom wooden stand made from 18thcentury hand-carved mahogany. 158 lb, 32" long, 6" in diameter and 21" tall (in stand), 1¾” bore. Known as a Dutch “¾ pounder,” this relatively maneuverable cannon makes an excellent display in its modified stand, the bronze well patinated and with several markings, one of which (a lighthouse-like picture near the touch-hole) is original and stands for the city of Amsterdam, where the cannon was made, and the others (“16” near muzzle and triangle-shaped graffito between second and third reinforce) probably more modern. Small cannons such as this one were typically mounted by yoke to the rail of the ship (hence sometimes called “deck guns”) and aimed with tillers during close combat or for signaling purposes. With color brochure about swivel cannons from the consignor. Estimate: $5,000-$7,000. 1598. Spanish iron/wood cannon-jack, dated(?) 1787. 20 lb, 21½” x 6½”. An impressive mechanical item, very heavy, with handleoperated lifting system inside a thick plank of wood (currently held together with modern rope), the lift part topped with a swiveling bar with upturned points, and with a catch and latch near the handle to prevent it from ratcheting down unexpectedly, the best part being a clearly engraved “$787” on the lift, which the consignor believes is the date 1787 but we think might be a reference to maximum weight in pesos. Estimate: $500-$750.

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1599. French flintlock “traveler’s pistol” (pistolet de voyage), mid- to late 1700s. 1 lb, 8.4 oz, 12" long. A small and very wellpreserved pistol, with steel barrel and flintlock mechanism, brass trigger-guard and buttplate, even the wooden ramrod all original and intact, the side of the lock engraved with a name that appears to be “Delahay” above what could be a date or place of manufacture, the brass parts somewhat ornate and event the wood carved in elegant fashion. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1600. Flintlock pistol, probably Greek, 1790s-early 1800s. 1 lb 8.6 oz, 16" long. A fully functional pistol with steel barrel and flintlock, brass trigger-guard and buttplate, not terribly ornate but the wooden stock nicely carved, the barrel engraved on top with what appears to be Cyrillic lettering. Estimate: $300-$500.

1601. British East India Co. (VOC) flintlock pistol dated 1797, with copper coins of the period. 2 lb 8 oz, 15" long. While not ornate, this pistol nevertheless shows a very important heart-shaped engraving on the side of the lock that corresponds to the British East India Co. topped by the clear date 1797, also with maker’s mark MANN on the top of the barrel, the steel flintlock and barrel, brass trigger-guard and buttplate, even the wooden ramrod all complete and intact. To illustrate the coins of the time when this gun was used, the consignor has included with this lot two copper coins dated 1794, one “ten cash” of the British East India Co. (showing the heart symbol) and one “duit” of the Dutch East India Co. Estimate: $1,500-$2,500.

1603. Ornately engraved jadeite cannon, southeast Asian, 18501870. 503 grams, 7½” long. Highly ornamental but fully functional, this small cannon shows floral engraving on top against dark brown surfaces, near-perfect condition (just a few chips in the cascabel) and undoubtedly rare. Estimate: $500-$750.

1604. Miniature bronze cannon, very rare screw-in “T-bar” breech, ca. 1780. 60.1 grams, 3½” long. A tiny but functional cannon, its exact purpose unknown, the breech end with a unique T-shaped piece screwed in, all very dark in color. Estimate: $75-$125.

1605. Pair of brass miniature cannons, ca. 1790-1820. 196.0 and 192.6 grams, each 5" long. Two ornamental cannons in bright brass, not functional (no touchholes) but very similar to those used in a strange solar alarm clock, the sun’s rays hitting the touchhole of the loaded cannon via a lens at the appropriate time and thereby setting off a charge. These cannons are not pristine (a few nicks and dents) but fully intact and heavy. Estimate: $300-$450.

1602. Iron Chinese pole-cannon, 1700s. 3 lb 6 oz, 8½” tall and 3" in diameter. A very strange weapon (first we have seen) with three holes in one end (with 6 lateral reinforcements) in which shot and powder were loaded, the other end a cylindrical receptacle for a wooden pole, very heavy and solid, lightly encrusted. Can you imagine the recoil? Estimate: $250-$375.

1606. Single brass miniature cannon, ca. 1790-1820. 206.1 grams, ornamental cannon, similar to ones used in a sort of solar alarm clock in which the sun’s rays trained on a lens touched off a charge and fired the cannon, this one non-functional (no touchhole) but fully intact and great for display. Estimate: $150$225. 5" long. Bright-brass

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1607. Small, solid-brass miniature cannon and carriage, 1800s. 11 lb 8 oz, 15" x 6" x 7". A very attractive miniaturized (to scale) cannon in solid brass (just a few spots of green) in a wheeled wooden carriage, very narrow bore (½”) but presumably functional, makes a great display. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 1608. Small, hand-made oakwood cannon tamper/cleaner for miniature cannon, 1800s. 85 grams, 36" long. A miniaturized version of the long poles used by cannoneers to clean out bores and tamp in wads, with an iron corkscrew on one end and a flat iron cap at the other end, the iron a little rusty but the wood beautifully patinated. Estimate: $75-$110.

Maritime

1609. Wooden fid from Continental Navy ship (Revolutionary War). 189.8 grams, 13" long, 1¾” in diameter. A long, wooden wedge of cylindrical cross-section with sharp point, used for unwinding strands of rope on board ships, this example with an important provenance, the wood pristine and solid. With old sticker that states: “Fid said to have been used in the Continental Navy in the Revolution—from the effects of grandfather Commodore Jacobus Wynkoop of Ulster County, N.Y.” Estimate: $250-$375.

1610. Iron grappling hook from Continental Navy ship (Revolutionary War). 267 grams, 5½”. A small hook of typical design with 4 curved points attached to a shank with loop and ring at top, very solid and uncorroded (slight rust color), important provenance. With letter that states its origin as either a frigate named either Montgomery or Congress, “built at Poughkeepsie & later used as a row galley.” Estimate: $250-$375.

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1611. Dutch East India Company ebony octant in painted wooden case with arms of Baron Clinton, ca. 1790. 1 lb 6 oz, 11¾” x 9½”. This elegant device was the forerunner to the modern sextant and was preceded by the quadrant and, before that, the astrolabe, all of which were used for measuring latitude from astronomical angles while on board a ship. We have offered octants in our previous two auctions (one of which sold for $4600), yet this specimen is superior to either of those by virtue of the fact that it is still housed in its original wooden case with the owner’s crest painted in gold and red and green on the bottom. The octant itself is complete except for the sight and color shades. The ivory inlays (particularly the degree-board) are in perfect condition, and there is also an ivory peg in the middle that supposedly enclosed a marking pencil in the frame (the peg now frozen in place). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1612. English naval candle-lantern, rolled iron and glass, ca. 1820. 1 lb 6 oz, 12" tall, 4" to a side. A square-shaped lantern with stay in center for a candle, each side with clear glass (one pane cracked) inside wire cage, one of the sides hinged, as is also the cathedral top (marked with anchors), surmounted by hanger pieces, one of which shows some lettering (appears to be BREVETE SGDG then another letter, an anchor, and an M), the metal thin but sturdy, with just a tiny bit of rust or oxidation here and there. Estimate: $750$1,100.

1613. Collection of 8 pewter mess bowls from several different British Royal Navy ships of 1777-1820. 5 lb total, each about 2½” tall and 5" in diameter. This collection represents several decades’ worth of ships in the Royal Navy, each one’s name engraved on the side of the bowl (one on the bottom), usually along with an arrow mark, one also with “No. 2 Mess,” but all of the same basic design with small, flared base and no other design, all in used but fundamentally undamaged condition. The ships represented here include: Ajax, Ariadne, Eden, Hero, Lion and Rodney. For clarity we should note that these are NOT later commemoratives and were actually used on each of the ships in question. With set of five typed cards giving the entire history of the HMS Lion (1777), the earliest of the ships whose bowls are included in this lot. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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1614. Civil War-era brass mariner’s telescope (1860s). 1338 grams, 10½” long and 2-3/8" in diameter. An original brass telescope used on board a Civil War-era ship, with the main body wrapped in tarred cloth (a little frayed) and the brass tubing extendable to about 3 feet, the eyepiece separate (probably a connector tube missing) and the tubing cracked around primary lens but with lovely light patina throughout, obviously well used in its time. Estimate: $250$375. 1615. Civil War-era scrimshaw commemorating the U.S.S. Kearsarge (1860s-1880s). 506 grams, 7". A beautiful old carving on sperm whale tooth (antique yellow in color, with a couple natural splits) that says LIBERTY at top and U.S.S. Kearsarge on the bottom, with full side-view of the ship in between, every single rope and mast accurately depicted, the back of it engraved with the U.S. eagle at top and Lady Liberty with the U.S. flag below the eagle, a very rare and patriotic artifact commemorating a ship that was famous for having defeated the C.S.S. Alabama in the Civil War. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

1616. Modern scrimshaw by artist Salman Rashidi (1990s) depicting the whaling bark Navarch (1892-7). 550 grams, 7". Highly detailed lengthwise engraving on walrus tusk depicting the wooden steamship Navarch locked in sea-ice, with men, dog and seals in the foreground, signed by the artist at bottom left, the other side of the tusk left in a natural state (not smooth), the ship in question famous for having been abandoned in the ice in 1897 near Point Barrow, Alaska, to the demise of 16 of her crew on the trek back to land (another 16 survived), considered one of Alaska’s worst shipping losses of all time. With wooden stand. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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Miscellaneous

1617. Lot of 7 small lead cloth seals. 39.8 grams. A variety of small seals, mostly round but one triangular, several with designs visible (lion and castle, fleurs-de-lis, etc.) that can be traced to various European textile centers of the 16th and 17th centuries, colors ranging from light gray to tan, somewhat encrusted, probably from several different shipwrecks (note McKee provenance). Pedigreed to Art McKee’s Sunken Treasure Museum, with certificate. Estimate: $75-$110.

1618. Lot of small copper items, including buttons, buckles and even coins. 21 grams total. This lot of 12 cuprous items is a small cross-section of Spanish colonial campsite detritus and includes 6 buttons (all round and flat with various designs and loops on back, mostly lightly dusted with encrustation), 4 buckle pieces (various) and, best of all, two Spanish copper coins, one countermarked 4 maravedís from the mid-1600s and the other smaller (2M?) and probably earlier with castle design clear. From a 1600s Spanish campsite in the Florida panhandle. Estimate: $40-$60.

1619. English pewter spoon, 1620s-1640s. 76 grams, about 7" x 2½”. Dark-gray metal, fully intact, typical design with wide, round bowl and straight handle of somewhat oval cross-section, with full Tudor rose hallmark in bowl near handle. Estimate: $75-$110.

1620. Lot of small Civil War relics in Riker display box. 281 grams and 4" x 5" (with case). A nice little sampling of Civil War relics, including one round lead musketball, 4 lead “minnie” balls (bulletshaped), one plain bronze button, parts of an iron jackknife, a bowshaped gilt-bronze ornament (possibly more modern) and a small iron key. Estimate: $50-$75.

1621. Parker 75 fountain pen made in 1965 from 1715-Fleet silver, in a presentation box. 229 grams and 6½” x 3¾” x 1½” (entire set). As mentioned in his book Pieces of Eight, Kip Wagner’s Real Eight Co. was badly in need of money when investor Ken Parker came forward with the idea to melt down 4,000 oz. of silver cobs from the 1715 Fleet and turn them into popular fountain pens (limited to 4,821 units) to sell at $75 each (triple the normal retail price for their pens), a small fortune in 1965 for anyone but wealthy executives. But it is not just the pen that makes these collectibles valuable: You have to have the whole package, with the box and certificates and booklets, and this offering has it all, including the green-felt pouch that is often missing. The pen itself shows the normal Parker 75 crosshatch pattern on the outside but with the allimportant “SPANISH TREASURE FLEET - 1715” embossed on it and also with the oM mintmark for Mexico and the Mexican eagle in the gold accents at either end. Also included: a set of 5 replacement ink cartridges, just in case you care to actually make use of the pen! (For more information, go to the website http:// www.parker75.com.) With hinged box, 6-5/8" x 3¾” x 1-3/8", that shows a map on top, a diagram of a galleon inside, inspection certificate/guarantee #77813, small booklet, and a notarized certificate signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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MEDIA Old Spanish colonial documents

1622. Old Spanish colonial document from Bolivia dated 1589. 8½” x 12½”. A 4-page (2 sheets) legal document in flowing script detailing some kind of compensation with the date January 11, 1589 at top (“11 de enero 89”) and several ostentatious signatures at the end, great condition, typically unbound from official records books (a bit of the original string remaining). Estimate: $100-$150.

1623. Old Spanish colonial document from Bolivia dated 1609 with references to silver bars. 8¼” x 12". A 2-page (1 sheet) legal document in flowing script regarding a money loan, with details on 7 silver bars (finenesses and weights and values) near the beginning, date near end, good condition, certainly one of the more interesting documents we have seen. Estimate: $100-$150.

1624. Old Spanish colonial document from Bolivia dated 1619. A lengthy (57 pages on 29 sheets) legal document in flowing script detailing an important government appointment, with the name “Don Francisco” in large writing at top and date on addendum sheet at end after signatures, great condition, typically unbound from official records books with lots of original string remaining. Estimate: $250-$375. 8¾” x 12½”.

1625. Old Spanish colonial document from Bolivia dated 1776, with seals. 8¼” x 12¼”. A 4-page (2 sheets) legal document in flowing script (power of attorney) with a series of dated seals at top and on the last page ranging from 1743 (Philip V) to 1762 (Charles III) and ending with 1776, typically unbound from official records books (a bit of the original string remaining), good condition but with some water stains. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Engravings

1627. Ca.-1655 German wood-cut engraving showing an island off Panama. 7¾” x 6¼”. Fine engraving showing natives overlooking a harbor containing 6 galleons and a host of smaller boats with the caption at top “I. Ladrones” (“Thieves’ Island”), an island off Panama, with Old German type on back, printed by J. Gottfreidt of Frankfurt, Germany, in the 1600s, excellent condition, rare. Estimate: $125-$200.

1626. Hand-colored engraving by Theodor DeBry, 1592, depicting conflict with natives in Brazil. 10-3/8" x 8¾”. This is a page from a 1592 book in Latin that features a lovely hand-colored engraving by DeBry depicting a fierce battle (ca. 1548) between the competing native tribes of the Tupi-Nambá (who were known cannibals) and the Tupi-Nikin, the latter with Portuguese settlers on their side, on the island of Santo Amaro near São Paolo, Brazil, here captioned as “S Maro”. In the background is Fort Brikioka (Bertioga) on the mainland. The natives are armed with bows and arrows and the Europeans with rifles. In excellent condition and quite rare. Estimate: $350-$500.

1628. Ca.-1655 German wood-cut engraving showing Cape Horn (southern tip of South America). 8½” x 6". Fine engraving showing a galleon in the mouth of a river whose banks are lined with natives being slaughtered by rifle-toting Spaniards in landing craft, with “Insula Horn” written at top in reference to Cape Horn (Tierra del Fuego), the southernmost tip of South America, with Old German type on back, printed by J. Gottfreidt of Frankfurt, Germany, in the 1600s, excellent condition, rare. Estimate: $125$200. 1629. Ca.-1655 German wood-cut engraving showing Cocos Island off Costa Rica. 8½” x 6¼”. Fine engraving showing a galleon and attendant boats off the shore of a mountainous island with “Cocos Insula” written at top in reference to an island of that name off Costa Rica, the boats swarming with natives trading with the Europeans, with Old German type on back, printed by J. Gottfreidt of Frankfurt, Germany, in the 1600s, excellent condition, rare. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1630. Ca.-1655 German wood-cut engraving showing a battle with natives in the Straits of Magellan. 7½” x 5½”. Fine engraving showing a battle between European soldiers and natives (the former with guns and pikes, the latter with bows and arrows) on a rocky shore in the Straits of Magellan with a galleon in the background, the natives’ wives and children holed up in a rocky cave, with “Schlacht mit den wilden in der Strassen Magallani” written at top, Old German type on back, printed by J. Gottfreidt of Frankfurt, Germany, in the 1600s, good condition, rare. Estimate: $125-$200.

1632. Large, ca.-1720 engraving of Commodore Wager’s campaign against the Spanish in the West Indies in 1708. 19" x 13½”. Large engraving that depicts a fierce sea battle, with caption at bottom reading: “The Spanish Galleons taken and destroy’d in the West Indies by Commodore Wager. May 28. 1708.” Excellent condition, a few creases as originally folded inside a book. Rare. Estimate: $200-$300.

1631. Ca.-1655 German wood-cut engraving showing East India Co. settlements in Indonesia. 8" x 6¼”. Fine engraving showing two scenes: one with 2 Europeans in the foreground of a coastal settlement with 2 galleons in harbor and legend “Amboyna” at top in reference to Amboyna, Maluku Islands, Indonesia, where competing Dutch and British East India Cos. famously came to loggerheads; the other showing an erupting volcano on one of 2 islands, the other with a fort titled “Nassau Belgica” and with “I. Nera” at top and “M. Ganapus” to the left of the volcano, a reference to Mount Ganapus and Nera Island, Banda Islands, Indonesia. With Old German type on back, printed by J. Gottfreidt of Frankfurt, Germany, in the 1600s, excellent condition, rare. Estimate: $125$200.

1633. Early 18th-century Dutch engraving of the mountain of Potosí. 18½” x 16½”. This is an oft-repeated and somewhat fanciful scene of the silver mountain of Potosí with palm tree and large windmill in the foreground and others in the distance (neither of which had anything to do with Potosí), with fortress at the top of the mountain, POTOSI printed at bottom, the scene copied from a popular ca.-1680 engraving. Excellent condition. Estimate: $150$225.

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1634. Large, late 18th/ early 19thcentury engraving of ships in battle. 18½” x 10½”. A beautiful engraving depicting an intense battle between galleons and other ships, nice condition save for small missing piece at bottom left and a crease as originally folded inside a book. Estimate: $150-$225. 1635. Ca.-1782 London engraving of ships’ architecture. 16" x 10". Large print depicting several types of wooden sailing ships (ketch, snow, bilander, brig, galliot, schooner, xebec, sloop, galleys and dogger) with cutaway views of general architecture and sails, very informative for the researcher, entitled “System of NAVAL ARCHITECTURE” at top, printed by Alexander Hogg, nice condition save for pieces on edge where removed from sewn binding. Estimate: $100-$150.

1636. 1796 London engraving of the designs of two 17th-century ships. 8½” x 11½”. This tidy print shows 2 ships, “A SPANISH SHIP of WAR, Carrying 50 GUNS, built about the middle of the Seventeenth Century” at top and “The SPEAKER an ENGLISH Second Rate of 54 Guns, built about the Year 1640” with special note that “This was the Flag Ship of the Vice Admiral Penn, in the engagement with the Dutch Fleet, Feb’y the 18, 19 and 20, 1652" on the bottom, engraved by C. Tompkins and printed by R. Faulder, nice condition. Estimate: $75-$110. 1637. 1800 London engraving of the stern view of a British Naval vessel. 9" x 11½”. A detailed, closeup view of the back of a British ship of unspecified vintage, drawn by Vandevelde, engraved by Charles Tomkins and printed by G.J. and G Robinson, good condition. Estimate: $100-$150.

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Maps

1640. Large, ca.-1779 British map (Blair) of the West Indies in 4 colors. 24" x 18¾”. Highly detailed map of the Caribbean and Central America by cartographer John Blair printed in London by Thomas Kitchin, probably in 1779, entitled “A Map of the West Indies and Middle Continent of America,” scarce and interesting in that Texas is shown as “New Kingdom of Leon,” excellent condition save for crease in center as originally folded in an atlas. Estimate: $550-$800.

1638. Ca.-1770 French map (Bonne) of Louisiana and Florida in 3 colors. 10" x 15¼”. Highly detailed copper-engraved map by French cartographer Rigobert Bonne entitled “Carte de la Louisiane, et de la Floride” with scale, boundaries, mountains and rivers highlighted with color, excellent condition save for crease in center as originally folded in a book. Estimate: $350-$500.

1639. 1756 Dutch map (d’Anville) of Panama and parts of Venezuela and Colombia in 3 colors printed in 1771. 16" x 10¼”. Gorgeous colored map drawn by Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville in 1756 and printed by A.V. Krevelt (Amsterdam) in 1771 entitled “Carte des Provinces de Tierra Firme, Darien, Cartagene et Nouvelle Grenade,” excellent condition save for mountmarks in corners on back and 3 creases in center as originally folded in a book. Estimate: $300-$450.

1641. Ca.-1788 French map (Bonne) of the regions surrounding the Gulf of Mexico and western Caribbean in 4 colors. 11" x 15½”. Nicely colored map of the Gulf of Mexico and western Caribbean (including Cuba, Florida, Honduras, etc.) by French cartographer Rigobert Bonne, probably printed in Paris ca. 1788, entitled “L’Ancien et le Nouveau Mexique, avec la Floride et la basse Louisiane,” excellent condition save for crease in center as originally folded in a book. Estimate: $350-$500.

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1642. 1842 British map (S.D.U.K.) of Texas, California and northern Mexico with hand-colored borders. 15½” x 13". A welldetailed and hand-colored, steel-engraved map of what is now the western U.S. but at the time was just Texas (a separate Republic), California (under Mexican administration) and northern Mexico, entitled “Central America including Texas, California and the northern states of Mexico,” printed in London for the Atlas of Atlases by the Society for Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (in operation from 1826 to 1846 “to provide improving information at affordable prices for people who would otherwise have been deprived of education”), excellent condition. Estimate: $200-$300. 1643. 1843 British map (S.D.U.K.) of North and Central America with hand-colored borders. 13¼” x 16". A highly detailed map of the entire North American continent and Central America entitled simply “North America,” printed in London for the Atlas of Atlases by the Society for Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (in operation from 1826 to 1846 “to provide improving information at affordable prices for people who would otherwise have been deprived of education”), excellent condition, curious in that Alaska is captioned as “Russian America,” Canada is captioned as “British America,” and Texas is delineated as a separate Republic. Estimate: $175-$250.

Paintings 1644. Original oil-on-canvas painting of the Dutch East Indiaman Rooswijk (sunk in 1739 off southeast England) by Curnow. 30" x 23¾”. Beautifully executed by Penzance, Cornwall, artist Ralph Curnow (brother of one of the salvagers of the Rooswijk), this oil painting shows the Rooswijk at harbor before her final voyage, with two Dutch men and the stern of a beached ship in the foreground, buildings and other ships in the background, tender boat with red sails carrying cargo to the Rooswijk in the water, a very accurate rendering with particularly true waves and sea (traditionally very difficult to paint but the specialty of this artist, who emphasizes lighting and shadows), signed at bottom right. (Note: One of this artist’s latest projects was commissioned through us for a private collector depicting the “day after” the 1715 Fleet disaster.) Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

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Shipwreck narrative pamphlets

1645. Narrative of the Loss of the General Barker (London, 1781). 24 pp, 4-1/8" x 7". A small, coverless pamphlet detailing the wreck of the British East Indiaman General Barker off Scheveling, Holland, on February 17, 1781, as told by one of the survivors, printed by John Fairburn, nice condition save for the cover and frontispiece. Estimate: $100-$150.

1648. Loss of His Majesty’s Ship Centaur…Also, the Explosion of…the Prince (London, 1809). 28 pp, 4¼” x 7". A small, coverless pamphlet with foldout frontispiece showing the sinking of the ship behind the survivors in a pinnace, the story of the sinking of the HMS Centaur in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean on September 23, 1782, we well as the explosion and sinking of the French East Indiaman Prince on July 25, 1752, printed by Thomas Tegg, III, in excellent condition (just missing the cover). Estimate: $100-$150.

1646. Narrative of the Loss of the Lady Hobart (London, 1803). 28 pp, 4¼” x 7". A small, coverless pamphlet with beautifully handcolored foldout frontispiece showing the crew of the ship rowing away while the ship founders next to a whale, the story of the sinking of the packet-ship Lady Hobart, which struck “an island of ice” and sank in the northern Atlantic on June 23, 1803, as written by the ship’s commander, William Dorset Fellows, printed by John Fairburn, nice condition except for lack of cover. Estimate: $125$200.

1649. Authentic Account of the Recent Loss of the Travers…Also, the Shipwreck of The Sparrow-Hawk (London, 1809). 28 pp, 4¼” x 7". A small, coverless pamphlet with beautifully hand-colored foldout frontispiece showing several lifeboats and crew around the sinking ship, the (very brief) story of the sinking of the British East Indiaman Travers on November 7, 1809, as well as the wrecking of the Dutch East Indiaman Sparrow Hawk off China on August 1, 1653, printed by Thomas Tegg, III, in excellent condition (just missing the cover). Estimate: $100-$150. 1647. Shipwreck and Death of Lord Royston…in the Agatha…also the Loss of the Portuguese Ship Bowaniong (London, 1808). 28 pp, 4-1/8" x 7". A small, coverless pamphlet with foldout frontispiece depicting the sinking of the ship, this being the story of the Agatha, commanded by Captain Koop, stranded and sunk near Memel in the Baltic Sea on April 7, 1808, as well as the story of the sinking of the Portuguese ship Bowaniong, sunk en route from Calcutta (India) to China, on June 17, 1807, printed by Thomas Tegg, III, good condition except missing the cover and the frontispiece and blank end page separate. Estimate: $80-$120.

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1650. Narrative of the Total Loss of the Rothesay Castle (London, 1831, 2nd edition). 23 pp, 4¼” x 7½”. Small, softcover pamphlet with beautifully hand-colored foldout frontispiece showing the wrecking of the steamship Rothesay Castle on “The Dutchman’s Bank” off England on August 17, 1831, printed by J. Fairburn, in nice condition (the cover a little tattered). Estimate: $75-$110. 1651. The Loss of the Steamship Forfarshire (London, 1838). 24 pp, 4" x 6¾”. Small, coverless pamphlet concerning the sinking of the steamship Forfarshire in the Fern Islands off England on September 7, 1838, particularly the heroic action of Grace Darling, who rescued survivors (a famous story in England), good condition (just missing the cover). Estimate: $80-$120. 1652. Narrative of the Wreck of the Steamer Killarney (Cork, Ireland, 1838). 70 pp, 5½” x 8". Softcover booklet by Baron Spolasco, M.D. about the sinking of the steamship Killarney in Renny Bay, Ireland, in 1838, with vignette portrait of the author on frontispiece and his signature in red ink on the dedication page, printed by F. Jackson, also signed on the title page by “Thomas Bottom Justice, July 9/38,” with newspaper announcement of another wreck off Ireland (the City of New York in 1864) pasted onto the last (blank) page, nice condition for its age. Estimate: $90-$135.

Miscellaneous documents 1653. Lot of memorabilia pertaining to the Lusitania sinking (torpedoed by the Germans in 1915). This lot contains 3 postcards (one in color), a memorial notice (card), a printed poem by E.H. Smith on cardstock, and a 4-page illustrated article “How I Found the Lusitania” by Captain Henry Russell from the November 16, 1935, edition of the Glasgow Evening News, all in excellent condition, some of the items (like the memorial notice) quite scarce and important. Estimate: $75-$110. 1654. Art McKee accession records, water damaged but legible. 8½” x 11". A large sheaf of papers that diving legend Art McKee used to record in detail (half page each) his finds and purchases that went into his museum in the 1950s onward (some recognizable among the lots for sale in this auction), each with a small photo of the item, all the photos regrettably ruined by Hurricane Fay in 2008, still with most of the writing clear, just a bit moldy, a unique piece of McKee history. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1655. Lot of 3 black-and-white photos of Art McKee. Up to 8" x 11½” each. Three new prints of classic portraits featuring Art McKee and his hardhat diving operations in the 1950s. Estimate: $50$75.

1656. Lot 4 different brochures about Art McKee’s Museum of Sunken Treasure. Each about 4" x 9". Like all tourist attractions, Art McKee’s treasure museum (variously referred to here as “McKee’s Sunken Treasure Fortress” and “Museum of Sunken Treasure”) advertised by means of flashy brochures like these, placed in hotels and bus stations, each one here in mint condition. Estimate: $60$90.

1657. Lot of 1 brochure, 1 postcard and 1 luggage sticker pertaining to Art McKee’s Museum of Sunken Treasure. A small lot of early McKee memorabilia, being a postcard portrait of McKee, a hotel brochure, and a souvenir sticker for putting on your suitcase to show all the places you visited. Estimate: $50-$75.

1658. Lot of 13 different postcards pertaining to Art McKee’s Museum of Sunken Treasure. Each about 5½” x 3½”. Thirteen different postcards showing McKee and his museum, also cannons and diving in general, most in color, all in mint condition. Estimate: $100-$150.

1659. Lot of 7 different postcards pertaining to McKee’s Museum of Sunken Treasure. Each about 5½” x 3½”. Seven different postcards showing McKee and his museum, all in mint condition. Estimate: $60-$90.

1660. Lot of 3 color photos of Kip Wagner, Mel Fisher, the Real Eight Co. and their museum in Cape Canaveral. Each 10" x 8". Two new prints of classic color photos of Kip Wagner, Mel Fisher and the Real Eight Co. (including a different angle of the famous “group shot” on the back of the dust jacket for the Pieces of Eight book), plus an old, original, black-and-white publicity photo from the Florida Development Commission of a diorama in the Real Eight museum in Cape Canaveral. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1661. Lot of 5 brochures and 1 postcard pertaining to the Real Eight museum in Cape Canaveral, plus a memorial flyer for Dan Thompson and a Duke Long publicity card. Various modern memorabilia related to the Real Eight Co. and two of its members (Dan Thompson and Duke Long), mostly tourist brochures. Estimate: $60-$90.

1662. Contracts, financial statements and correspondence concerning Doubloon Salvage and the Real Eight Co. from 1973. For the extreme Real Eight buff, this packet represents all the official papers of Doubloon Salvage, Inc., one of Real Eight’s many subcontractors in the 1970s. Interestingly, this lot includes photos of an important gold medallion that was awarded to Doubloon Salvage as well as correspondence with the Vatican, to whom the piece was offered for sale (and this same medallion was pictured on the cover of the Sotheby Parke Bernet auction of June 17, 1973, a copy of which is lot #1777 in our current sale). Estimate: $50$75.

1663. Lot of 4 Real Eight Co. stock certificates (one of each color). Each 8¼” x 12". Printed by the Columbian Banknote Company with backgrounds in four different colors (red, green, blue and purple), these certificates were for various amounts (from 10 to 1000, in this case) of shares of stock in the Real Eight Company (famous for its salvage of the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida), each one dated from 1974-1979 and famously featuring an actual full-date 1715 Mexican 8 reales at the top. Excellent condition. Estimate: $150-$225.

1664. HRDNews periodical, Vol. 4, #3, with article about gold finds from 1993. 10 pp, 8½” x 11". One of the last major series of finds on the 1715 Fleet was in 1993, when Mo Molinar and the Virgalona hit a pocket of gold jewelry (including a rosary) on the Regla site, which is well documented in this small periodical, with plenty of photos in black and white, including one of Mo and Bob Marx on the cover, once folded but otherwise excellent condition. Estimate: $25-$40.

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Books 1665. Jara, Carlos. Central American Provisional and Provincial Mints (2007, SC, mint). A recent and very scholarly work on the “imitation cob” coins of the early Central American nations of Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica as well as the coins of the early Central American Republic, some of it controversial but all backed by archival research whose exact texts are reproduced throughout. Estimate: $80-$120. 1666. Baldwin, Hanson. Sea Fights and Shipwrecks (1955, HB, F). A collection of true stories about shipwrecks and nautical disasters like the Central America (1857), Titanic (1912) and Lusitania (1915). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1667. Ballard, Robert. Explorations (1995, HB/DJ, VF). This well-illustrated book chronicles the author’s expeditions to deepwater wrecks such as Cold War-era nuclear submarines, the sunken Nazi warship Bismarck and the Titanic. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1668. Bascom, Willard. Deep Water, Ancient Ships (1976, HB/ DJ, VF). As the title says, this is an early overview of the search for ancient treasure wrecks in deep water, with some black-andwhite photos. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1669. Blair, Clay, Jr. Diving for Pleasure and Treasure (1960, HB/DJ, VG). The classic story of Robert Marx’s search for and salvage of a Spanish merchant ship that wrecked on Matanceros Reef off the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, with plenty of blackand-white photos throughout. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1670. Borrell, Pedro. The Quicksilver Galleons (undated, SC, VG), inscribed by Tracy Bowden. A rare book about the salvage of 2 outbound ships from Spain (Guadalupe and Tolosa) that sank in 1724 off the coast of the Dominican Republic, named the “quicksilver galleons” for their cargoes of mercury, well illustrated. Inscribed by salvager Tracy Bowden over his prologue: “To Mike, I enjoyed working with you” (dated March 1990). Estimate: $100$125. 1671. Burgess, Robert F. Sunken Treasure: Six Who Found Fortunes (1988, HB/DJ, F), inscribed by Mel Fisher. A collection of biographies about Art McKee, Kip Wagner, Robert Marx, Burt Webber, Barry Clifford and Mel Fisher and their successful sunken treasure hunts, amply illustrated. Inscribed by Mel Fisher: “Hang in there, Mark!” Estimate: $50-$75. 1672. Byron, Kenneth. Lost Treasures in Australia and New Zealand (1964, HB/DJ, VG, previous owner’s handwriting inside cover). A classic book about treasure ships lost in Australia and New Zealand, including the Batavia, Gilt Dragon, Zuytdorp, General Grant, Elingamite, and Niagara, with many more lesserknown wrecks as well. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $35-$50. 1673. Calicó-Calicó-Trigo. Monedas españolas desde Juana y Carlos a Isabel II 1504-1868 (1985 6th edition, HB, VG). The standard work for all coins of Spain and Spanish America from 1504 to 1868, with each date listed by mint and type and reign, with photos of each type, this edition long out of date but still useful as a photo-reference and general information. Estimate: $30-$45.

1674. Clarke, Arthur and Mike Wilson. Indian Ocean Treasure (1964, HB/DJ, VG, ex-lib). A condensed version of The Treasure of the Great Reef, which tells the story of Clarke’s accidental finding of an early 18th-century wreck off the coast of Sri Lanka and its subsequent salvage, many black-and-white photos throughout. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25$35. 1675. Cousteau, Jacques-Yves. Diving for Sunken Treasure (1971, HB/DJ, VF). This well-known and heavily illustrated text relates the author’s unsuccessful hunt for the sunken Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, and references William Phips’ prior salvage efforts on that wreck. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1676. Craig, Alan. Spanish Colonial Gold Coins in the Florida Collection (2000, HB/DJ, mint), autographed. A very wellillustrated numismatic study of the gold cobs found on the 1715 Spanish Plate Fleet and placed in the museum of the State of Florida. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library, with author’s inscription: “For Tom Sebring in recognition of his many contributions to the numismatics of shipwrecks, with cordial best wishes from the author.” Estimate: $40-$60. 1677. Craig, Alan. Spanish Colonial Silver Coins in the Florida Collection (2000, HB/DJ, mint), autographed. A very wellillustrated numismatic study of the silver cobs found on the 1715 Spanish Plate Fleet and placed in the museum of the State of Florida. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library, with author’s inscription: “For Thomas H. Sebring in recognition of his long standing interest in the fascination of shipwrecks and treasure coins.” Estimate: $40-$60. 1678. Cramer, Max. Treasures, Tragedies and Triumphs of the Batavia Coast (1999, SC, VF), autographed by the author. This book is an autobiography of the author’s adventures in salvaging four Western Australia shipwrecks: the Batavia, the Gilt Dragon, the Zeewijk and the Zuytdorp. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$40. 1679. Daley, Robert. Treasure (1977, HB/DJ, F), inscribed by Mel Fisher. The story of Mel Fisher’s successful search for the sunken Spanish galleon Atocha, with details of some of the early salvage efforts. Inscribed by Mel Fisher: “thanks for your help, Mark!” Estimate: $50-$75. 1680. Dumas, Frédéric. 30 Centuries Under the Sea (1976, HB/ DJ, VF). This book details the discovery and exploration of mostly ancient Roman wrecks off the shores of the Mediterranean and in the Red Sea, with black-and-white illustrations, written by an associate of Jacques Cousteau. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1681. Edwards, Bernard. The Grey Widow-Maker (1990, HB/ DJ, VF). An overview of 24 different shipwrecks of many different time periods (1700s to 1900s) around the world, with illustrations in black and white. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30.

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1682. Edwards, Hugh. Treasures of the Deep: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Captain Mike Hatcher (2000, SC, F), signed by Capt. Mike Hatcher. A biography of the famous treasure salvager Michael Hatcher, whose discovery and salvage of the Geldermalsen (Nanking Cargo) and Tek Sing and other wrecks in the South China Sea have brought many important cargoes of Chinese porcelains to market. Signed “Capt. M. Hatcher”. Estimate: $35-$50. 1683. Flanagan, Lawrence. Ireland’s Armada Legacy (1988, SC, mint). A catalog of artifacts recovered from the wrecks of 2 Spanish Armada ships sunk off the Irish coast in 1588, the Girona and La Trinidad Valencera. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1684. Franszen, Greta. The Great Ship Vasa (1971, HB/DJ, VF). This book tells the story of the excavation and preservation of the Swedish warship Vasa that sank in Stockholm harbor in 1628. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20$30. 1685. Frost, Honor. Under the Mediterranean (1963, HB, F, exlib). An overview of underwater archaeology performed on ancient Roman wrecks in the Mediterranean Sea (printed in London). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library, the ex-lib being only 2 ink-stamps that say “Library of Congress duplicate” and “Smithsonian Library.” Estimate: $10-$20.

1686. Gawronski, Jerzy. Hollandia Compendium (1982, HB, F). This massive book is a comprehensive and scholarly catalog of all the artifacts recovered from the Dutch East Indiaman Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Islands, England. Numbered copy #01174. Estimate: $75-$100.

1688. Gore, Tommy (as told to T.L. Armstrong). The Rainbow Chasers (2006, SC, mint), autographed. A collection of stories covering the author’s 30-year career as a Marine Field Agent for the State of Florida overseeing many treasure salvage operations during the “glory days” of the 1960s and 70s. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library, with autographs by Tommy Gore and Terry Armstrong. Estimate: $20-$30. 1689. Gould, Richard A. (ed). Shipwreck Anthropology (1983, HB/DJ, VF). A collection of scholarly essays on shipwreck archeology around the world, with emphasis on the human element. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20$35. 1690. Helm, Thomas. Treasure Hunting Around the World (1960 2nd ed, HB/DJ, VG). An early guide to treasure searches on land and sea, with sections on the shipwrecks Hussar, Laurentic, and Concepción, some illustrations in black and white. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1691. Henderson, James. Phantoms of the Tryall (1993, SC, VF with former owner’s signature inside cover). All about Australia’s earliest known shipwreck, an English ship sunk in 1622 off Western Australia, including court battles in the 1960s and 70s between treasure hunters and archaeologists to salvage the wreck. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1692. Holzworth, Shirley Jean. One Day of Hunting Treasure (undated [1965], SC, F). A small but very scarce pamphlet that describes Walt and Shirley Holzworth’s very successful single day (ironically with no mention at all of what date that was) diving with Mel Fisher, Rupert Gates, Dick Williams, Fay Feild (misspelled as “Fields”), Frank Allen and Mo Molinar on the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida. Estimate: $50-$75. 1693. Hudson, Kenneth and Ann Nicholls. Tragedy on the High Seas: A History of Shipwrecks (1979, HB/DJ, VF). A listing (with maps) of hundreds of shipwrecks (with dates and places) all around the world from ancient times to 20th century, with ample blackand-white illustrations. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1694. Hume, Ivor Noel. Shipwreck! History from the Bermuda Reefs (1995, SC, VF), autographed by Teddy Tucker. This small but well-illustrated book is about shipwreck salvage operations off Bermuda by Teddy Tucker. Autographed by Teddy Tucker. Estimate: $40-$60.

1687. Gifford, C.H. History of the Wars Occasioned by the French Revolution, from the Commencement of Hostilities in 1792, to the End of the Year 1816…History of the Wars in Spain and Portugal…The American War…Battle of Waterloo (1817, HB, VG). A massive 2-volume set of books about the Napoleonic Wars, with dozens of valuable engravings like maps, portraits and scenic prints (each of which could sell for good prices on their own), and detailing scores of shipwrecks related to the fighting, a significant antique. Estimate: $150-$225.

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1695. Jefferis, Roger and Kendall McDonald. The Wreck Hunters (1966, HB/DJ, VG). A book about amateur divers’ search for sunken wrecks along the English coast, including the Mary Rose, the Spanish Armada shipwrecks, the Association and many others. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25$35. 1696. Jessop, Keith and Neil Hanson. Gold Finder (1998, HB/ DJ, VF). This book tells the story of Keith Jessop’s exploits as a treasure salvor, including the successful recovery of $100 million in treasure from the HMS Edinburgh, sunk in Arctic waters during WWII. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1697. Jörg, Christiaan J.A. and Michael Flecker. Porcelain from the Vung Tau Wreck: The Hallstrom Excavation (2001, HB/DJ, mint). This book discusses Sverker Hallstrom’s excavation of the Vung Tau wreck, lost off the coast of Vietnam during the late 17th century, with many full-color illustrations of the Chinese porcelains that were found. Estimate: $30-$45. 1698. Krotee, Walter and Richard. Shipwrecks of the New Jersey Coast (1966, HB/DJ, VG). A chartbased listing (with coordinates) of hundreds of known wrecks off the coast of New Jersey, with a few illustrations and 4 foldout charts at end. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1699. Lampton, Christopher. Undersea Archaeology (1988, HB, VF). An overview of the methods and technology of underwater archaeology as illustrated through the discovery and raising of the ships Vasa and Mary Rose. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1700. Latil, Pierre de and Jean Rivoire. Sunken Treasure (1962 English translation, HB/DJ, VG). This French classic (translated into English) tells the story of 11 treasure ship recoveries, including: Nuestra Señora de la Concepción; Grosvenor; Lutine; Egypt; Vigo Bay galleons; Laurentic; Elisabethville; Niagara; Spanish Armada ship Florencia; and Telemaque. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1701. Link, Marion. Sea Diver (1961 2nd printing, HB/DJ, F). This book tells the story of the author’s quest for sunken treasure and the historical search for Columbus’ flagship Santa Maria and his original route through the Caribbean. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$40. 1702. Lyon, Eugene. The Search for the Atocha (1974, HB/DJ), inscribed by Mel Fisher. The story of how archival research helped Mel Fisher locate and identify the sunken Spanish galleon Atocha, by the researcher who found the critical documents in Spain, after Mel had spent 10 years searching the entire length of the Florida Keys without success. Inscribed by Mel Fisher: “Welcome aboard, Norma!” Estimate: $50-$75. 1703. Mace, Mac. H.M.S. Association, Sank 1707: A Diver’s Report (undated [1970s], SC, F). A brief overview of the excavation of the HMS Association, sunk off the Isles of Scilly, England, in 1707. Estimate: $25-$40.

1704. Mahan, William. Padre Island: Treasure Kingdom of the World (1967, HB, VG, ex-lib). This book discusses the 1554 Spanish Treasure Fleet and the efforts to salvage its sunken treasures off the shores of Padre Island, Texas. Estimate: $30-$45. 1705. Marsden, Peter. The Wreck of the Amsterdam (1974, HB/ DJ, VG). This is the story of the salvage of the silver-laden Dutch East Indiaman Amsterdam, beached near Hastings, England, in 1749. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1706. Martin, Colin. Full Fathom Five: Wrecks of the Spanish Armada (1975, HB/DJ, mint). An account of the author’s search for and excavation of 3 Spanish Armada shipwrecks off Ireland: the Santa María de la Rosa, El Gran Grifón, and La Trinidad Valencera. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1707. Marx, Robert F. Shipwrecks in Florida Waters (1969, SC, F). A history of the Spanish treasure fleets, with some background on other nations’ activity in the New World, an overview of the early salvagers, and a descriptive listing of 350+ shipwrecks in Florida waters. Estimate: $25-$40. 1708. Marx, Robert. Sea Fever (1972, HB/DJ, F, ex-lib). The story of 16 famous underwater archaeologists, scientists and treasure hunters, including: Peter Throckmorton, George Bass, Pablo Bush Romero, Art McKee, Tom Gurr, Kip Wagner, Mel Fisher, Teddy Tucker and Edwin Link. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1709. Marx, Robert. The Capture of the Treasure Fleet (1973, HB/DJ, VF), inscribed by author. The story of the how the Dutch privateer Piet Heyn seized the Spanish treasure fleet of 1628 off Cuba and made off with $150 million of booty (in modern value). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $25-$40. 1710. Marx, Robert. Shipwrecks of the Western Hemisphere (1975, HB/DJ, F), inscribed by author. Primarily a comprehensive listing of significant Western Hemisphere shipwrecks from 14921825, organized geographically. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $40-$65. 1711. Marx, Robert. The Underwater Dig (1975, HB/DJ, VF), inscribed by author. This book is about the disciplines that comprise the science of underwater archaeology: research, search, excavation, dating and identification, preservation and publication. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $20-$35. 1712. Marx, Robert. Still More Adventures (1976, HB/DJ, VF). Basically a sequel to Marx’s book Always Another Adventure, with details about his salvage and archeological work in Port Royal, Jamaica, and on both the Serranilla and Serrana Banks. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1713. Marx, Robert. Into the Deep (1978, HB/DJ, VF), inscribed by author. This book tells the history of diving and submersibles with an overview of underwater archaeology and the search for sunken treasure. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $25-$35.

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1714. Marx, Robert. Quest for Treasure (1982, SC, F), inscribed by author. The story of the author’s search for and successful salvage of the Maravillas in the Bahamas. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $20-$35. 1715. Marx, Robert. Shipwrecks in the Americas (1983, HB/ DJ, VF), inscribed by author. An updated edition of Shipwrecks of the Western Hemisphere (and in fact the most popular edition), with shipwrecks from 1492-1825 organized geographically from Canada to South America, also with short overviews about locating shipwrecks, salvage, dating and preserving artifacts, and archaeological techniques. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $20-$35. 1716. Marx, Robert. Shipwrecks in Florida Waters: A Billion Dollar Graveyard (1985, SC, VF), inscribed by author. A reprint of the 1969 book of the same title presenting a history of the Spanish treasure fleets, with some background on other nations’ activity in the New World, an overview of the early salvagers, and a descriptive listing of 350+ shipwrecks in Florida waters. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $20-$30. 1717. Marx, Robert. Sunken Treasure: How to Find It (1990, SC, VG), inscribed by author. An overview of underwater archaeology and treasure hunting (research, location, salvage and identification of shipwrecks), including a history of the Spanish galleons. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and inscribed by Bob Marx: “Treasure & Pleasure.” Estimate: $15$25. 1718. Marx, Robert. Treasure Lost at Sea (2003, SC, VF). An overview of virtually all of the great treasure wrecks, from Spanish galleons to Dutch East Indiamen to deep-water wrecks, also Port Royal, Jamaica, beautifully illustrated throughout. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1719. Mixed lot of 4 books by Robert Marx. Four of Marx’s better illustrated overview books (some co-authored with his wife, Jennifer), including The Lure of Sunken Treasure (1973. HB/DJ, F), The Search for Sunken Treasure (1993, HB/DJ, mint), New World Shipwrecks 1492-1825 (1994, SC, F) and Treasure Lost at Sea (2003, SC, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $70-$100. 1720. Mathers, William. Treasure of the Concepción (1993, HB/ DJ, mint). The finding and salvage of the Manila galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, sunk in 1638 off the coast of Saipan in the Mariana Islands, profusely illustrated (“coffee table”-type book). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20$35. 1721. Mathewson, R. Duncan, III. Treasure of the Atocha (1987 2nd printing, HB/DJ, F), inscribed by Mel Fisher. An overview of the archaeological problems and techniques used in excavating the Atocha shipwreck, probably the best known of the many books about this wreck, with plenty of illustrations. Inscribed by Mel Fisher: “Today’s the day, Mark!” Estimate: $50-$75.

1722. Mathewson, R. Duncan, III. Treasure of the Atocha (1987 2nd printing, HB/DJ, VF). An overview of the archaeological problems and techniques used in excavating the Atocha shipwreck, probably the best known of the many books about this wreck, with plenty of illustrations. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1723. McBride, Peter and Richard Larn. Admiral Shovell’s Treasure and Shipwreck in the Isles of Scilly (1999, SC, VF). This well-illustrated book tells the story of the sinking of Admiral Shovell’s flagship HMS Association and three other ships off the Isles of Scilly (England) in 1707, and the modern salvages by Roland Morris and (later) Terry Hiron and Jim Heslin, with a (rather interesting) list in the appendix of all the people lost in the disaster as well as their insurance beneficiaries. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1724. McCarthy, Kevin. Thirty Florida Shipwrecks (1992, SC, VF). Thirty of the most interesting stories of Florida shipwrecks, with a map pinpointing each wreck’s location and illustrated with full-color paintings by renowned artist William L. Trotter. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1725. McDonald, Kendall. Treasure Beneath the Sea (1974, HB/ DJ, VF). An overview of underwater archaeological projects off the coasts of England in which the author was an active participant, including DeLiefde, Association, Amsterdam, Earl of Abergavenny, HMS Assurance and two Spanish Armada wrecks (Girona and La Trinidad Valencera). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1726. McLeay, Alison. The Tobermory Treasure (1986, HB/DJ, VF). This book tells the story of the author’s search for and partial salvage of the Florencia, a Spanish Armada ship sunk in 1588 in Tobermory Bay, near the Isle of Mull, Scotland, with a rumored cargo of over 30 million pounds in gold. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1727. McNickle, Andrew J.S. The Lost Treasure of King Philip IV (undated [1952], SC, F). A small pamphlet about the salvaging of a silver bar and some Spanish cobs from a wreck near Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1950 by Howard Lightbourn and Roscoe Thompson. Estimate: $50-$75. 1728. Meylach, Martin. Diving to a Flash of Gold (1986 reprint, SC, VF). This book tells of the author’s discovery and salvage of several 1733 Fleet Spanish galleon wrecks in the upper Keys of Florida, with a comprehensive guide and map to all the known wrecksites. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30.

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1729. Millás, José Carlos. Hurricanes of the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, 1492-1800 (1968, HB, VF). A compilation of archival documents detailing the known Caribbean hurricanes of the 15th through 19th centuries and the many shipwrecks that resulted from these storms. Estimate: $135-$200. 1730. Moore, Robin and Howard Jennings. The Treasure Hunter (1974, HB/DJ, VF). A compendium of land and sea treasure-hunting lore, outlining several successful finds and the locations of several still-undiscovered hoards. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1731. Morris, Roland. Island Treasure (1969, HB/DJ), inscribed by the author. The story of the author’s search for and recovery of Sir Cloudesley Shovell’s flagship HMS Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England, amply illustrated. Inscribed by the author: “To Antony / best wishes.” Estimate: $25-$40. 1732. National Geographic Society. Undersea Treasures (1974, HB/DJ, VG). With some 175 excellent photographs, this book gives the reader a close-up of the divers’ world: their methods, their rewards, and their frustrations. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1733. Oudemans, Dr. A.C. The Loch Ness Monster (1934, SC, F, uncut pages). A 14-page pamphlet detailing “scientific” evidence at the time (1934) for a “great sea serpent” in Loch Ness, written by an esteemed Dutch biologist. Estimate: $40-$60. 1734. Playford, Philip. Carpet of Silver: The Wreck of the Zuytdorp (1998, HB/DJ, mint). The story of a Dutch ship that sank off Western Australia in 1712 en route from Holland to Jakarta with 250,000 guilders of treasure. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$30. 1735. Potter, John. The Treasure Divers Guide (1972 revised ed, HB/DJ, VF). Revised edition of the first comprehensive listing of treasure wrecks ever written (although some of its data has been shown to be erroneous), this book discusses the Spanish galleons carrying gold and silver from the New World to Spain, the stories of wrecks already salvaged (as of 1972), wreck identification, and underwater archaeology as it was at that time. The revised edition was particularly necessary to include the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $35-$50. 1736. Quinn, William. Shipwrecks around Maine (1983, HB/ DJ, F). Large and profusely illustrated (black-and-white) “coffee table”-type book about marine disasters of the 1880s through 1980s off the coasts of Maine and New Hampshire Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35.

1737. Randle, Kevin. Lost Gold and Buried Treasure (1995, HB/ DJ, mint). This book details 100 American land hoards and lost treasures still waiting to be found, including the Lost Dutchman mine (Arizona) and Oak Island (Nova Scotia). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1738. Roden, Hans. Treasure Seekers (1966 translation from German, HB/DJ, F). This book tells the stories of several wellknown sunken treasure ships including Lutine, Oceana, HMS Hampshire, Vigo Bay galleons, Florencia, Grosvenor, Telemaque and Rommel’s World War II treasure lost off the coast of Corsica. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30$40. 1739. Rønning, Bjørn. Akerendam (1979, HB/DJ, VF). A detailed and well-illustrated account of the sinking of the Dutch East Indiaman Akerendam off Runde Island, Norway, in 1725 and its subsequent salvage of gold and silver coins in 1972-1979. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $40-$65. 1740. Russell, W. Clark. The Wreck of the Grosvenor (undated, HB, VG). Undated edition of an 1875 classic detailing the mutiny aboard and subsequent sinking of the British merchantman Grosvenor in the Atlantic Ocean, in particular the acts of heroism by the second mate. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30-$45. 1741. Seibold, David and Charles Adams. Shipwrecks, Sea Stories and Legends of the Delaware Coast (1989, SC, mint). This book offers sea lore from the Delaware Coast, including stories about the sunken treasure ships Juno, Faithful Steward and HMS De Braak. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1742. Sellschopp, E.A. Las acuñaciones de las cecas de Lima, La Plata y Potosí (1971), hardbound together with the Ponterio auction catalog of the Paul Karon collection (1990). Beautifully bound in tan snakeskin embossed with gold lettering, this volume contains the entire Ponterio catalog of the Paul Karon collection of Potosi cobs (March 17, 1990) plus the famous Sellschopp book on Peruvian cobs through 1652 in mint condition. From the personal library of Paul Karon, who commissioned the special binding. Estimate: $150-$225.

1743. Shepard, Birse. Lore of the Wreckers (1961, HB, F). This book relates the true saga of rough and gallant men who braved the lashing seas from Newfoundland to Key West to save ships, cargoes and human lives. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1744. Slack, Jack. Finders Losers (1967, HB/DJ, VG). The true story of the author’s finding and salvage of a 1620s Spanish treasure wreck off Lucayan Beach (Bahamas) in 1964 and subsequent loss of the treasure through bad business deals and court decisions. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30$40.

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1745. Sténuit. Treasures of the Armada (1974, SC, VG). This book explores the history of the 1588 Spanish Armada, including the author’s research, discovery, and excavation of the Spanish galleass Girona off the coast of Ireland, with illustrations. Estimate: $15-$25. 1746. Stirling, N.B. Treasure Under the Sea (1957, HB, F with loose pages, ex-lib). A collection of famous sunken treasure tales including Sir Francis Drake’s dumping of 45 tons of silver into the ocean, William Phips’ salvage of the Concepción, the salvage of gold bars from the liner Egypt, and the dumping of the Philippine treasury in Manila Bay during WW II. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30-$40. 1747. Storm, Alex. Canada’s Treasure Hunt (1967, SC, VF), inscribed by the author. This book relates how a fortune in gold and silver coins, lost in the wreck of the Chameau off the coast of Nova Scotia in 1725, was hunted and found by three young Canadians in 1965. Inscribed by the author: “March 2nd, 1968, To Bernard, from the ‘Golden Shell’ hunter.” Estimate: $40-$60. 1748. Storm, Alex. Canada’s Treasure Hunt (1967, SC, VF). This book relates how a fortune in gold and silver coins, lost in the wreck of the Chameau off the coast of Nova Scotia in 1725, was hunted and found by three young Canadians in 1965. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1749. Tippin, G. Lee and Herbert Humphreys, Jr. In Search of the Golden Madonna (1989, SC, mint). The story of Herbert “Herbo” Humphreys and his treasure-salvage work on the Maravillas, sunk in 1656 on Little Bahama Bank. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20-$35. 1750. Trupp, Philip. Tracking Treasure (1986, SC, VF). The story of the treasure hunting exploits of Mel Fisher, Kip Wagner and Arthur C. Clarke, and how to get involved in a treasure hunting venture, also with details on many sunken treasures still waiting to be salvaged. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25. 1751. Verrill, A. Hyatt. They Found Gold!! (1989 reprint, SC, mint). This book provides the serious researcher with many clues to hidden treasures in the Western Hemisphere. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $10-$20. 1752. Volker, Roy and Dick Richmond. In the Wake of the Golden Galleons (1966, SC, VG). The story of Roy Volker’s quest for the Maravillas treasure in the 1960s as well as stories of salvaging treasure with Mel Fisher, Art Hartman and Bob Marx. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $15-$25.

1753. Wagner, Kip. Pieces of Eight (1966, HB/DJ, VF), with 8 signatures. The original classic story about Kip Wagner and the Real Eight Co. and their salvage of the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida. Copies with all (or nearly all in this case, missing only Harry Cannon) of the Real Eight Co. like this one are rare and highly sought. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library and autographed by Real Eight members and associates Kip Wagner, John P. Jones, Louis Ullian, Del Long, Dan F. Thompson, Kip G. Kelso, MD, Bob Johnson and Rex Stocker. Estimate: $250-$400.

1754. Wagner, Kip. Pieces of Eight (1967 2nd printing, HB/ DJ, VF), with 7 signatures. The original classic story about Kip Wagner and the Real Eight Co. and their salvage of the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida. Copies with all (or nearly all in this case, missing only Harry Cannon and Louis Ullian) of the Real Eight Co. like this one are rare and highly sought. Autographed by Real Eight members and associates Kip Wagner, John P. Jones, Rex Stocker, Del Long, L.B. Taylor, Jr., Kip G. Kelso, MD, and Bob Johnson. Estimate: $225$375. 1755. Walton, Timothy. The Spanish Treasure Fleets (1994, HB/ DJ, mint). An important overview of the Spanish Treasure Fleet system and the economics of colonial history, particularly the developments in Spain after the expeditions of the Spanish explorers and their quests for gold and silver. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$40.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com

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1756. Weber, Wilbert. Een Gezonken V.O.C. Schip ‘t Vliegent Hart (1987, SC, VF), rare. A rare, small but well-illustrated pamphlet in Dutch detailing the sinking and salvage of the Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands. Estimate: $75-$110.


1757. Weller, Bob “Frogfoot”. The Dreamweaver (1996, SC), inscribed by Mel Fisher. The official biography of Mel Fisher, written by another popular and successful salvager who recently passed away. Inscribed by Mel Fisher: “Today’s the day, Howard!” Estimate: $35-$50. 1758. Wignall, Sydney. In Search of Spanish Treasure (1982, HB/DJ, VF). An account of the author’s underwater archaeological excavations including: an ancient Roman shipwreck, several Spanish Armada wrecks, the Royal Yacht Mary, the Revenge, and the search for Sir Francis Drake’s coffin. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$35. 1759. Woods, Dee. Blaze of Gold (1972, HB/DJ, mint). This book is a collection of tales about searching for hidden treasures on the Gulf Coast of Texas. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$40. 1760. Wooldridge, Emily. The Wreck of The Maid of Athens (1953, HB/DJ, VF). A fascinating account by the captain’s wife of the shipwreck in 1870 and ultimate escape to the Falkland Islands. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30$50. 1761. Wright, John. Encyclopedia of Sunken Treasure (1995, HB/DJ, VF). A brief overview of 54 significant sunken treasure ships around the world, organized geographically by continent, with 2 to 4 pages devoted to each wreck. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $25-$40. 1762. Mixed lot of 5 hardcover books about the Atocha and Mel Fisher. Instant Atocha library, with 3 of the standards and 2 newcomers, all with dust jackets intact: Treasure, by Robert Daley (1977, VF); Treasure of the Atocha, by R. Duncan Mathewson, III (1987 2nd printing, VF); Treasure Hunt, by George Sullivan (1987, HB/DJ, VF); Fatal Treasure, by Jedwin Smith (2003, VF); and Diving into Glory, by Carol Shaughnessy (2004, F). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $80-$120. 1763. Mixed lot of 2 books about “wracking” (shipwreck salvage) in the south of England. Stories of salvaging (and sometimes even causing) shipwrecks are the stuff of legend in the south of England, and these are perhaps the best two books to read about it: Back of the Wight, by Fred Mew (1990 12th impression, SC, VF), and The Wreckers, by Bella Bathurst (2005, HB/DJ, mint). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $20$30. 1764. Mixed lot of 2 hardcover books about the wreck and salvage of the Concepción (1641) by Peter Earle. These 2 books are a sort of “before and after,” as they are identical except that the later one includes a chapter on the modern-day finding of the ship by Burt Webber (both with intact dust jackets): The Wreck of the Almiranta (1979, VF), and The Treasure of the Concepción (1980, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30-$45. 1765. Mixed lot of 2 books about the wreck and salvage of the pirate ship Whydah (1717). These 2 popular but early books (prior to the narratives by salvager Barry Clifford) about the Whydah are entitled Whidah: Cape Cod’s Mystery Ship, by Edwin Dethlefsen (1984, SC, F), and Treasure Wreck: The Fortunes and Fate of the Pirate Ship Whydah, by Arthur T. Vanderbilt II (1986, HB/DJ, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $30$45.

1766. Mixed lot of 3 recent books about shipwrecks off Australia. Three fairly recent books covering all the important wrecks off Australia’s shores: Murder, Mayhem Fire & Storm: Australian Shipwrecks, by Max Jeffreys (1999, SC, F); Voyage to Disaster, by Henrietta Drake-Brockman (2000 reprint, SC, VF); and Batavia’s Graveyard, by Mike Dash (2002, HB/DJ, mint). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $40$60. 1767. Mixed lot of 4 books (all soft cover) on Caribbean treasure and salvage. A hodge-podge lot of softcover books, all dealing with shipwrecks and treasures in the Caribbean: Shipwrecks: Diving the Graveyard of the Atlantic, by Roderick M. Farb (1985, VF); Southern Treasures, by Nina and William Anderson (1987, mint); They Found Gold!! The Story of Successful Treasure Hunts, by A. Hyatt Verrill (1989 reprint, VF); and Bermuda Shipwrecks, by Daniel & Denise Berg (2006, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $40-$60. 1768. Mixed lot of 4 hardcover books about the Mary Rose shipwreck (1545). Instant library on Henry VIII’s flagship, the last 2 books here part of a multi-volume set produced by the Mary Rose Trust: The Story of the Mary Rose, by Ernle Bradford (1982, DJ, VF); Letters from the Mary Rose, by C.S. Knighton & David Loades (2002, DJ, mint); Sealed by Time: The Loss and Recovery of the Mary Rose, by Peter Marsden (2003, VF); and Before the Mast: Life and Death aboard the Mary Rose, ed. by Julie Gardiner (2005, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $70-$100. 1769. Mixed lot of 4 recent books about deep-water shipwrecks and salvage. When you hear of deep-water wrecks these days, mostly it is about the Central America (1857), the Republic (1865), and the Titanic (1912), which are all represented here along with a book on WWII wrecks (all 4 books like new): Ship of Gold in the Deep Blue Sea, by Gary Kinder (1998, HB/DJ); Three Miles Down, by James Hamilton-Paterson (1999, SC); Ghosts of the Abyss, by Don Lynch and Ken Marschall (2003, HB/DJ); and Lost Gold of the Republic, by Priit J. Vesilind (2005, HB/DJ). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $50-$75. 1770. Mixed lot of 6 1980s “coffee table” style books about treasure, wrecks and salvage. “Coffee table”-style overview books such as these can be tremendously informative while also very inviting to look at, as they generally contain many excellent photos, this lot consisting of all titles from the 1980s (all HB/DJ), as follows: Archeology under Water, ed. by Keith Muckelroy (1980, F); Mysteries of the Deep, ed. by Joseph J. Thorndike, Jr. (1980, VG); The World Atlas of Treasure, by Derek Wilson (1981, F); Treasure Trove, by Tim Haydock (1986, VF); Sunken Ships & Treasure (1986, F); and Exploring Shipwrecks, by Keith Morris and Peter Rowlands (1988, mint). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $100-$150. 1771. Mixed lot of 4 1990s “coffee table” style books about treasure, wrecks and salvage. “Coffee table”-style overview books such as these can be tremendously informative while also very inviting to look at, as they generally contain many excellent photos, this lot consisting of all titles from the 1990s (all HB/DJ), as follows: Lost at Sea: Great Shipwrecks of History, by Ronald Pearsall (1996, VF); Shipwrecks, by Cathie Cush (1997, VF); Lost Ships, by Mensun Bound (1998, mint); and The History of Shipwrecks, by Angus Konstam (1999, VF). Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring Treasure Library. Estimate: $70-$100.

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Article reprints 1772. “Previously Unknown Spanish Gold Coins,” Frank Allen, The Numismatist, February, 1967. An excellent numismatic report of new dates (at the time) in gold cobs found by divers in the 1960s from the 1715 Fleet off the east coast of Florida (mint condition). Estimate: $20-$30. 1773. “Coins of the Nuestra Senora de Atocha,” Neil Harris, The Numismatist, October 1986. A numismatic analysis of the various types of coins found on the Atocha by Mel Fisher in 1985, with paragraphs about research, excavation, and salvage of the treasure (VF condition). Estimate: $20-$30.

Auction catalogs 1774. Parke-Bernet Galleries (New York), Treasure of the Spanish Main, February 4, 1967, rare and in demand. One of the earliest and most important sales of Spanish colonial gold and silver cobs, gold jewelry, porcelains, ammunition, and silver bars and clumps recovered from the 1715 Fleet wrecks by the Real Eight Co., with many photos (Fine condition). Estimate: $100-$200.

1778. W.H. Lane & Son (Penzance). The Hollandia Treasure, September 21, 1973. In addition to offering 794 lots of coins and artifacts, this catalog includes important commentary on the history and recovery of the treasure from the wreck of the Dutch East Indiaman Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England, with plenty of photos (near mint condition). Estimate: $40-$60. 1779. W.H. Lane & Son (Plymouth), Gold & Silver Treasure, November 30, 1979. A scarce and important classic shipwreck catalog featuring 539 lots of coins and artifacts from over a half dozen wrecks, including Association (1707), DeLiefde (1711), Athenienne (1806) and Hollandia (1743), with brief histories on each wreck (near mint condition). Estimate: $40-$60. 1780. Swiss Bank Corporation, Coins of Peru (auction #20, the Sellschopp collection), September 14-15, 1988. This is the sale of the Sellschopp collection of Peruvian coins, the most important Lima and Potosí cob collection ever amassed (plus many gold cobs of Lima and Cuzco), 1356 lots in all (HB, VF, with prices realized). Estimate: $100-$150.

1775. Sotheby & Co. (London), Catalogue of Ancient, English, Scottish and Foreign Coins in Gold, Silver and Bronze, July 22, 1970. An offering of 572 lots of world coins (mostly English) and books, including a 1733MF Mexican pillar dollar before that date was rendered less rare by shipwrecks, with photo plates (VF condition). Estimate: $25-$40.

1781. Christie’s (London), The Ceramic Cargo of a Medieval South Asian Trading Vessel, December 11, 1989, autographed by Michael Hatcher. This thin but profusely illustrated and very rare auction catalog contains 51 lots of (mostly) Thai-area stoneware from a medieval South Asian trading vessel sunk between the 13th and 15th centuries (VF condition). Autographed by Capt. M. Hatcher. Estimate: $75-$110.

1776. Sotheby & Co. (London), Catalogue of Coins and Other Artifacts Recovered from the Wreck of the Dutch East Indiaman “Hollandia” (Sunk 1743), April 18, 1972. A valuable classic, with listings and photos (some in color) of 503 lots of coins and artifacts from the Hollandia, sunk off the Scilly Isles, England, in 1743 (mint condition). Estimate: $40-$60. 1777. Sotheby Parke Bernet (New York), Treasure of the Spanish Main, June 17-19, 1973. A very rare and highly sought catalog with 609 lots of gold and silver cobs, 1 cannon and 57 lots of ingots, jewelry, and artifacts from the 1715 Fleet wrecks, about half of the lots featured on black and white photo plates, with a summary of the wrecks, a map, and a numismatic discussion of the coins (VF condition but pages typically loose). Estimate: $100-$200.

1782. Superior Galleries, Paul Karon Collection of 8 Escudos and Other Classic Latin American Coinage, December 11, 1992, custom hardbound in leather. One of the most important sales in Spanish American coins, this sale offered 200 lots of mostly 8 escudos (by type) presented with loads of historical and pedigree information on each lot (a whole page per lot in most cases), cataloged by Freeman Craig (mint condition). From the personal library of Paul Karon, who commissioned the special binding. Estimate: $90-$135.

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1783. Spink (London), The Clive of India Treasure, September 28, 2000. This catalog presents in 385 lots what is believed to be the gold treasure of Lord Robert Clive, British military hero in India, who had consigned his wealth to the English East India Company ship Dodington, sunk in 1755 off the coast of South Africa, all the coins Brazilian and Portuguese gold (mint condition). Estimate: $30-$45.

END OF SALE

Coin storage cases

Consign now to our Treasure Auction #6 (October, 2009), deadline July 31

1784. Lot of 3 Abafil “mini-diplomat 1” coin cases, each with 20 spaces measuring 1½” x 1-3/8". Each 9½” x 7" x 1". These hinged, latched, leather cases with velvet interiors are what we recommend for long-term coin storage, as they allow you to keep your coins tagged and organized without the use of any plastics or envelopes, but since new cases are expensive, this is a good opportunity to pick them up more reasonably (nearly new). Estimate: $150-$300. 1785. Lot of 3 Abafil “mini-diplomat 1” coin cases, each with 20 spaces measuring 1½” x 1-3/8". Each 9½” x 7" x 1". These hinged, latched, leather cases with velvet interiors are what we recommend for long-term coin storage, as they allow you to keep your coins tagged and organized without the use of any plastics or envelopes, but since new cases are expensive, this is a good opportunity to pick them up more reasonably (nearly new). Estimate: $100-$150.

Please send your bids to our special email bidding address: auction@sedwickcoins.com

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION IN OUR TREASURE AUCTION #5

1786. Lot of 2 Abafil “mini-diplomat 1” coin cases, 12 spaces measuring 2" x 2". Each 9½” x 7" x 1". These hinged, latched, leather cases with velvet interiors are what we recommend for long-term coin storage, as they allow you to keep your coins tagged and organized without the use of any plastics or envelopes, but since new cases are expensive, this is a good opportunity to pick them up more reasonably (nearly new), these 2 with slightly larger spaces. Estimate: $100-$150.

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OUR TREASURE AUCTION #6 WILL TAKE PLACE IN OCTOBER, 2009 (CONSIGNMENT DEADLINE: JULY 31, 2009)


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Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC Treasure Auction #5 (April 9, 2009)

BID SHEET

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Treasure and World Coin Auction #5  

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC - Treasure and World Coin Auction #5 April 2009

Treasure and World Coin Auction #5  

Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC - Treasure and World Coin Auction #5 April 2009