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Secwepemc NEWS




A monthly publication serving the people and communities of the Shuswap Nation Written by Janine Alphonse

Julia Victorine Alphonse, also known as Spic, was raised by her mother Amelia Dick (Smith) and Matthew Dick of Esket. Her first language was secwepemc spoken as her only language up until she was sent to St Joseph’s Mission Residential School, where speaking your language was not permitted. Being punished for speaking the only language she knew forced her to learn the English language in about 3 weeks time. Victorine got a call from Joan Gentles in 1989 and had asked her to teach a high school class at Ann Stevenson Secondary School. At that time School District 27 was in dire need to hire Secwepemc language teachers, and there were no Certified Language teachers they started looking for fluent secwepemc people to teach in our schools. Victorine began teaching the Secwepemc language back in 1989 to 1991 at a high school level. In 1992 she took a leave and became substituting as a Secwepemc (Shuswap) language teacher for the school district 27 teaching in many different schools. She then began taking college courses with 5 other women to become a certified teacher this program took up to 10 years to obtain as it was partial courses part time, Victorine Alphonse, Jean William, Elsie Archie, Cecelia Derose, Antionette Archie, and Bridgette Dan all finished the course and became Certified Teachers. Going to school, Developing Curriculum, and teaching all at the same time, but they all accomplished their goals of finishing the program about 15 years ago. “I love teaching the younger students, they learn the language at a faster pace, they use their teachings in the classroom around the school, and they bring it home to teach their parents the language and culture, this is what makes teaching all worth it”. say Victorine. After Crescent Heights closed its doors, Victorine went on to teach at three different schools, seven hours a day, five days a week over a period of three years. The longest term she held was one of sixteen years starting out substitute teaching, to a part time position at the Mountview Elementary School in Williams Lake BC.




vShe uses a variety of different

techniques to teach her students, games, role playing, student lead days. Victorine teaches her students the Secwepemc vocabulary by using the alphabet, numeracy, animals, colors, body parts, clothing, plants and everyday words. The Secwepemc Culture is also a huge part of her teachings such as hunting, fishing, medicines, family meaning, beading and a lot to do with cultural practices like preparing foods, pit cooking, preparing food for the winter, berry picking, how to make birch baskets to use for berry picking. She also shows them how to make fried bread. All of these teachings are brought into the class room. Every other year Victorine and her family bring the students on a field trip to her home at Sugar Cane to show them the Smoke house


where she prepares wild meat and fish for the family. Victorine and her husband Willie Sr. bring the children into the sweat lodge, teaching them where it came from, how they make it and what the sacred meaning of it is. Victorine takes her students to the Xatsull Heritage Site in Soda Creek, her students observe the old pit houses and Tee Pees. As a group they prepare food by means of pit cooking, they also prepare jams there for a feast on site. One of Victorine’s greatest accomplishments of each year is teaching the students how to drum and sing in Secwepemc. They practice all year to put on a Christmas concert singing many songs like Jingle Bells, Silent Night, when the Bear went over the mountain, come all ye faithful, for their families and the rest of the school. A student whom just recently enrolled in high school said to her “because you have taught me the language and culture in a great way, I am now at the top of my Secwempc Class here in high school”. Needless to say the children that are fortunate enough to take her class, are very blessed. They learn the Secwepemc culture continued on page 4





Secwepemc NEWS



NEWS The voice of the Shuswap Nation Circulation 4,000 Secwepemc News is published monthly

Editor Louise Alphonse

OUR MISSION is to provide a forum for members of the 17 Shuswap Bands to discuss and learn more about the issues, news and events taking place in the Shuswap Nation; to promote awareness of Secwepemc language, culture and history; to recognize the individual accomplishments of community members; and to provide a vehicle for the outside community to learn more about the history, current affairs and future goals of the Secwepemc people.

Language Page Kathy Manuel

You can reach our Editorial Office by phone: (778) 471-5789 by fax: (778) 471-5792 by e-mail: communic@secwepemc.org; or by mail: c/o Secwepemc Cultural Education Society 274A Halston Connector Road, Kamloops, BC V2H 1J9

Contributors Craig Duck Chief Dalla Powder Laura Lowly Martha Manuel Wilfred Bennett Edith Fortier Janine Alphonse Renee Spence Julianne Peters Daryl Gaze

Secwepemctsín Wel me7 yews “Preserving Our

We appreciate and rely on the Shuswap communities for their stories and activity reports. Kukwstep-kucw


Board Room/ Class Room Rental For more information Contact Esme at 1-778-471-5789

Calendar of Community EVENTS

All are welcome to list any upcoming meetings and events in this space. Please give us a call at (778) 471-5789 or fax us at (778) 471-5792 or E-mail us at communic@secwepemc.org. Deadline: Last WEDNESDAY OF EACH MONTH Restorative Justice Week is November 13th – 20th, 2011. The National Restorative Justice Symposium (N.R.J.S.) is an annual event supported by Correctional Services Canada in partnership with other federal and provincial departments and community stakeholders. This year, the Secwepemc Community Justice Program, administered by the Whispering Pines/Clinton Indian Band, is hosting the event in Kamloops, BC at the Kamloops Convention Centre from November 13th – 15th, 2011. The theme of this year’s event is “Re-visioning Justice” which calls us to envision how restorative practices could be applied and implemented within a broader social justice context. For more information about the symposium, please visit our website at www.nationalrjsymposium2011.com or contact revisionrj@gmail.com Please forward information to others that may be interested. If you have any questions, please contact either Edith Fortier at 250-571-1021 or Cpl. Jim Cooley at 250-314-1800. Nicola Valley Ball Hockey League: 4 on 4, age category: 16+, 11 players per team, $20 per player( funds go towards team t-shirts) Location: Coldwater Band School Wednesday and Friday evenings from 7 to 9pm starting Oct. 19/11 FMI: contact Morgan Christopher 250-378-7282 Since the Nitehawks retired in September, we have a new band: The Eagle Spirit Band. Contact: Les Johnson @ 250-440-5692 We can also be reached at eaglespiritband@yahoo.ca Bernie Solomon, Drummer; Tanya Hutchinson, Bass Player; Les Johnson, Vocals & guitar; Sam Boyd, Lead guitar

Looking for a Space for Your Meeting? Conference Room? In need of a Classroom? Secwepemc Cultural Education Society has a Board Room For Rent

The Community of Tsq’escen remembers our War Veterans Peter Christopher

Julian Boyce

Joseph Archie

Morris Dixon

Henry Bob

Paul Theodore

Louie Emile

Sam Archie

Simpcw Cultural Celebration & Stick Game Tournament on Novemer 18th. The Simpcw First Nation invites you to their Community Cultural Day as part of the National Addictions Awareness Week. (poster inside) for more information call (250) Charli Fortier - Simpcw First Nation 500 Dunn Lake Road, P.O. Box 220, Barriere, BC V0E 1E0, Phone 250.672.9995 Toll Free 800.678.1129, Fax 250.672.5858 http://www.simpcw.ca Transformational Relationships Weekend Workshop with Melissa Meyer in Chase, BC Dates: November 19th & 20th , 2011 Registration: 9:30 Workshop starts at 10:00 am Location: Adams Lake Recreation Centre 6349 Chief Jules Dr. Chase BC $225/person or $400/ couples (includes lunches both days) Sponsored by Kelmuc Circle of Friendship Society Make payments to: Kelmuc Circle of Friendship Society PO Box 115, Chase, BC V0E 1MO “Aboriginal Crafting Fair & Entertainment” 2nd Annual Gala Kamloops Indian Band Gymnasium December 17th, 2011 from 9am to 9 pm Come and Enjoy Yourself! Open to full General Public, Christmas Shoppers who are looking for Unique Grifting Ideas! Come face to face with the Crafter ask your questions, and to access Skilled crafting members for their own questions and answers! Aboriginal & Crafting Vendors: First come, First serve Vending fees & Rates explained on Registration form Events Coordinator Joe Thomas further Information: and Details: Tel: 250-4582226 Email : joethomas@lookieloo.net

“Where has the Secwepemc News been???” CONTEST DEADLINE IS DEC. 15TH, 2011 Send in a photo of yourself holding or reading the Secwepemc News in front of a Landmark and email or send it to us at: communic@secwepemc.org

Edward Dixon Sr.

Please contact our office at: 1-778-471-5789 or email esme@secwepemc.org

Kukstsemc - We Honour You


Secwepemc NEWS



The Secwépemc Calendar

Long ago the Secwépemc had their own calendar. An annual seasonal round, termed swucwt (“snow”) consisted of thirteen months or moons (mégcen), with the month names derived from the activity people were carrying out at that time of the year or the characteristics of the weather or nature at that time. The annual seasonal cycle started with the late fall month, Pellc7ell7úllcwten̓, the ”entering month”, when people first entered their c7ístkten̓ or winter underground home, and ended with PesllwéIsten, the fall-month, when people hunted and trapped game in the mountains. Here are the names of the thirteen lunar months in the Secwépemc Calendar.


- “entering month”

Yi7éne te mégcen m-c7ell7úllcwes re Secwépemc ne c7es7ístkten̓s. This is the month the Secwépemc entered their winter homes.

Anne Cook, Splatsín fluent speaker testing the Secwepemc content on the Nintendo DSi LX




ust nexéll


NEW Language Resources Available



tswínekem yéwem

Full color Alphabet Posters by theme... animal, bird, food, clothing & tools Parent Child Handbook & accompanying audio CD in Western, Eastern or Northern dialects Northern Phrase Book & audio CD by Bridgit Dan and Cecilia DeRose Eastern Phrase Book & audio CD by Lucy William For more information on language resources contact the SCES Language Department




or email language@secwepemc.org


Secwepemc NEWS

Tk’emlúps Sage Hills drum group top contender for big music awards

Elder Honoured continued....


Memorial Held for Ken Dennis

By Kelley O’Grady

The Sage Hills Drum Group has been named a finalist for both the Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards and the Canadian Aboriginal Music Awards for their self-titled CD released in July 2011 called “Sage Hills”, which was produced by Tk’emlúps band member Nacoma George of Crazy Cutz Records and dedicated to the late John Jules. The group has been named a top five finalist in the “Best Pow Wow CD – Traditional” category for the Aboriginal Peoples Choice Awards (APCA); the winner will be announced November 4, 2011 at the event in Winnipeg, MB. This award is very special because for the past couple of months “the people” have been voting for their favorite artists and Sage Hills has been toted a top contender. The second nomination is a top three nod in the “Best Pow Wow Album Traditional” category for the Canadian Aboriginal Music Awards (CAMA); the winner will be announced November 18, 2011 at the CAMA awards in Toronto, ONT. “Sage Hills has worked very hard to achieve this status and recognition of achievement. They make our community proud to call Tk’emlúps home, they contribute to our community with their songs and good spirits, inspiring our younger generations through their cultural knowledge, their songs and the beat of the drum straight to our hearts,” said Chief Shane Gottfriedson. Both award shows recognize the best in Aboriginal music and the Tk’emlúps Indian Band is extremely proud to have such an amazing group of musicians to represent the Secwepemc people and culture. The group, which has traveled the Pow Wow circuit all around North America has been competing for many years and has experienced success all over the country. Becoming a finalist for both Award shows means a lot to the entire community and helps to inspire everyone to work hard, follow their hearts and have pride in their culture.

Submitted by Hayley Bowe-Dennis

The Little Chiefs Primary Education Centre opened officially this morning with a ceremonial smoke cleansing, a traditional prayer and a ribbon cutting. Education Director Heather McKenzie was the moderator for the event and Little Chiefs Primary School Manager Donna McKenzie led the ribbon cutting. Victorine Alphonse performed a smoke cleansing ceremony of the new facility and Jean William said a prayer in the Secwepemc language. Heather talked about the history of the preschool and the Head Start program, stating that the opening of the new facility is a source of great excitement and pride for the Williams Lake Indian Band community.

that is dissipating in this generation. It is a true gift because our culture seems to be slipping away from us. Victorine’s reason for passing these gifts along, “the simple joy I receive day to day while teaching our young generation the ways of our ancestors, teaching, our children of our communities watching them grow and practicing our traditions. Getting to see them sing in Secwepemc brings me joy and a sense of accomplishment”. On October, 2011 the Chief Primary School has honoured and recognized Victorine and her teaching the primary students the Secwepemc language and culture for her past three years. Victorine has since stopped teaching at the Primary School full time, but has agreed to a substitute teacher. Family, friends and co-workers along with Band Council and staff, gathered to surprise her on her last day of work with a lunch and gifts from both Little Chiefs Primary Staff to fellow Secwepemc language teachers. Victorine says “I will continue to teach the Secwepemc Language for as long as my body and health will allow me to do so”. Although she has retired from Little Chiefs primary school she continues teaching at the 150 Mile Elementary School in Williams Lake, she will soon be starting to work with the afterschool and prenatal programs in our community. I would like to close this article by showing a great appreciation to my Kye7e Victorine Alphonse, as she has been thriving to bring our cultures back and her efforts are being recognized. Kucstetemc, Janine Alphonse.

During the Memorial for Ken I became so overwhelmed that I may have forgotten some people and I am afraid that they will feel that I have forgotten or never appreciated. It is not my intention to hurt anyone. When death visits your family, though you know you will see them again in the spirit world it is a traumatic time for family and community. Trauma and Crisis Support Worker Dave MacCauley says when death occurs in your family you must come together as family and community and make sense of your world. This making sense of your world comes from sharing your feelings or stories and experiences, and you do this until your world makes sense again. I didn’t do that, I isolated myself quite a bit, which is the thing not to do as it is unhealthy, there were people that reached into the darkness and showed me a healthier way. I would like to Thank the following people for their support during the darkest times, Shirley Gambler, Julie Dekelver, Tara Willard, Denise Billy. The absolute rocks of my world: Janice Dick Billy, Jennifer Dick, Judy Anderson, Bev Manuel, Jacqueline Jones, Rhonda Johnson. Fire Keepers; AJ Chouinard, Houston, Tanner Sinclair, Drayson Sauls. Berry pickers: Raeanna Sinclair, Jerilyn Johnny, Sheena Sinclair, Alex (Cwell), Gloria Skinner, Bear, Nellie Northway, Tanner Sinclair, Layla Scarff, Janice Dick Billy, John Scarff. Hunters: Francis Billy, Shawn Billy, Joe Jules. Fisherman – John Scarff (Sundog), Cory Gonzales, Emory Dick, Mike (ALFishers) Cedar Root & Birch bark Gatherers; my Son, John Scarff, Layla Scarff, Danny Foard Wood Cutters & Choppers: Butch Johnson, Teddi Dick, Lanny Billy and Tonio Day Rider and ALIB. Donations of gifts in Honor of Ken from: Teddi Dick, Pat Bruderer, Jones and Flora Ignace, Delores Purdaby. The Dishwashers at the memorial though they were my family I just want to say thank you, that was amazing and fantastic, There were dishes on-going and they worked like a well oiled machine so smooth only breaking 1 cup…and to the people that helped with my animals Thank you, from Ripper, Scrappy, Duke, Keesagoos, Tula, and Chase & Catches. The cooks I am going to say that I will honestly tell you that I think that it will fill up a lot of space in this newspaper and they might not be able to print it all and I will not be able to name everyone that baked, donated food, made those special extras to help feed my family and at the Memorial. From the time of Ken’s illness until now. It is all overwhelming and I am so thankful to all of the people. All my Relations, Hayley Bowe-Dennis and family.

Secwepemc NEWS


The REDress Project arrives in Kamloops Submitted by Laura Michel

The REDress Project by Winnipeg artist Jaime Black arrived in Kamloops Tuesday October 4th at several Kamloops locations including; Thompson Rivers University, the Interior Indian Friendship Society, the Kamloops Art Gallery and the Chief Louis Centre. The REDress Project is a visual art installation based on an aesthetic response to over 600 reported missing or murdered Aboriginal women in Canada. The project aims to gather by community donation over 600 red dresses to mark the absence of these women and to encourage community education and solidarity around this issue Jaime Black witnessed a very moving performance by over 300 women, the women performed a choreographed, costumed protest in the place de Bolivar (the city square) that lasted over five hours. These women came together in this performance because they had all experienced violence in their lives and had

lost family members to politically driven abduction or murder. The exhibition in Kamloops kicked off with a Community Dinner hosted by the T’Kemlups Indian Band at Sk’lep School Gymnasium. This event was well received with over 150 people in attendance. This was followed by a Candlelight vigil held outside Sk’lep School amongst some of the dresses that were part of the installation. Other events during the week were films screenings of “Building a Highway of Hope” with a disscussion led by film maker Jessica Yee and a film screening of “Finding Dawn” with a discussion panel of Community members. Tours of the dresses took place daily at 11am and 3pm. The REDress Project was a joint collaboration between the T’Kemlups Indian Band, TRU: Social work department and CURA, the Kamloops Sexual Assault Centre, the Interior Indian Friendship Society and the Secwepemc Cultural Education Society.

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Laura Michel of SCES was the participant in the REDress Project

Adult Education Programs Being Offered FNAUTT - First Nations Access To SAGE - Secwepemc Adult General Education University, Trades & Technology English 050 & 060 Math 040 & Algebra 050/051 Intro to Science 050 Biology 062 Social Science 060 First Nations Studies 060 First Nations Language 050/060 Career & Personal Planning

The REDress project dinner that was hosted by the T’Kemlups Indian Band at Sk’lep School photo taken from facebook page Gymnasium.


Year 1 English 11 Math 11 Socials 11 CAPPA Electives (if required) Year 2 English 12 CAPPA 3 Grade 12 Electives

All courses are accredited by TRU. Graduates will receive a Certificate/Diploma upon graduation. Transcripts will be received from TRU. Transfer agreement in place. If you would like to register: Contact Janice Michel, Program Coordinator at (250) 376-0903 or email naep@ocis.net or visit the site at: #216-750 Cottonwood Avenue, Kamloops.

Honouring our Secwepemc VeteranS we would like to pay tribute to tHoSe VeteranS tHat fougHt in tHe great warS, So tHat we may enjoy peace and freedom Felix Camille James F. Etienne Private Williams Ignace Private John Edward Jules Raymond Deneault

Albert Deneault Private Charles Sam Draney Sergeant Hubert McNab Gunner Fancis Jules Private Abel Sam Private Raymond McNab

SkeetcheStn IndIan Band


Secwepemc NEWS


Successful 3rd Annual Howling Coyote Golf Tournament Raises Funds for Scholarships Submitted by Renee Spence

The Howling Coyote Education fund is over $11,000 richer as a result of the very successful third annual Howling Coyote Golf Tournament held September 24, 2011. These additional funds will help us award one more scholarship to a Grade 12 First Nations student who is going on to a post secondary program of their choice. As we award more and more scholarships, there is the opportunity for continual development of Aboriginal capacity to assist Aboriginal people in becoming self-sufficient, vibrant and strong. Since the Fund was created just three years ago, we have been able to add one new scholarship each year, and at the June 2012 District No. 73 First Nations Graduation, we will be awarding three scholarships. This is all made possible through the generosity of our sponsors and the support of all of the golfers who come out and play in the tournament, and all of the businesses and individuals who donate prizes. The Howling Coyote Education Fund is coordinated by volunteers from School District No. 73, the First Nations Education Council, the Tk’emlups Indian Band and other dedicated community members. The money raised through the Fund is managed by the Kamloops Foundation who also play an active role in assisting with organizing the Golf Tournament. It’s a true team effort about working together to build a bright future for our Aboriginal youth and for our communities.

Chief Terry Porter with Reg and Brett Draney

Team RBC the Tournament’s Major Sponsor

Bonnie Leonard’s Team - with Elliott, Breanna and Pat

The LeBourdais Team

Neskonlith Education Center’s Annual Open House

Neskonlith Education Center’s Annual Open House, September 30, 2011 NEC Staff, Daycare and Students prepared a delicious Pancake Breakfast for the Annual Open House.


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NEC provides curriculum for grades 8 - 12 with accreditation through SCIDES program (Dogwood Diploma). The Adult Education Program is accredited through Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC (Adult Dogwood). The festivities included an early registration draw. Congratulations to Kenton Lefthand who won the Sony Tablet. Many door prizes were also drawn. Congratulations to all the winners. Kukstemc for those that attended the NEC Open House, and to those that registered early for school. To register for school, contact Dalla Powder, Jocelyn Thompsett or Tammy Thomas @ (250) 679-2963.

Secwepemc NEWS



First People Perspectives for Our Children Submitted by Julianne Peters

Times are changing, and there are more and more opportunities for our children to learn First Peoples perspectives in the classroom. Our teachers will not always be our Elders or parents, though, like it was centuries ago – we now have a larger community involved in our children’s learning. A goal for Aboriginal Peoples should be to have Aboriginal content included and celebrated the education system. Thanks to the First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC), schools can now provide new, culturally-rich courses, such as English First Peoples (EFP) and Math First Peoples (MFP). First, it must be made clear that these courses fulfill the BC graduation program requirements. This means, that if your child takes the EFP 10, 11 and/or 12 – they will have fulfilled their English 10, 11 and/or 12 requirement, just as they would have if they completed the regular English course. These courses have been developed by FNESC and the BC Ministry of Education to be more inclusive of Aboriginal students. The hope of this article is to inspire students and parents alike to take interest in these Aboriginal-content courses. Most of the schools in BC should be able to host these courses and what is now needed is for parents and communities to ask for the courses and for students to register for them. EFP 12 was introduced in 2008, then, EFP 10 & 11 was introduced, and now MFP 8 & 9 First Peoples curriculum. English First Peoples (EFP): EFP 10 & 11 are provincial courses available for students to satisfy the grade 10 & 11 English Language Arts graduation program requirements in BC. What makes these courses different from the existing English Language Arts courses (apart from the unique development process) is that they: - are based entirely on the study of “texts” representing authentic First Peoples voices (the term “texts” in all English language arts courses refers to oral, audio, visual, cinematic, and electronic media works as well as written works); - incorporate First Peoples principles of learning in the curriculum content and espouses their application in the teaching of the course (pedagogical approaches promoted include direct learning, learning outside of the classroom environment, and incorporating a recursive approach to texts); - place increased emphasis on the study and command of oral language and on First Peoples oral tradition recognizes the value of First Peoples worldview, and the importance of culture in language and communication (e.g. the participation of guest speakers from local First Nations/Métis

communities in learning is encouraged); - promote teaching the curriculum through a focus on themes, issues, and topics important to First Peoples (as identified by the Advisory Team). Math First Peoples (MFP): MFP is an initiative of FNESC to make the wisdom of Elders and educators within BC’s First Peoples communities a part of mathematics teaching and learning around the province. Supported by the BC Ministry of Education, it is based on the belief that by bringing content, perspectives, and teaching approaches associated with First Peoples into the math classroom, teachers will: - help all students better appreciate the presence and importance of mathematics and mathematical thinking within all human cultures and activities; - give all students a better sense of the significant place of First Peoples within the historical and contemporary fabric of this province; - help their Aboriginal students in particular to feel more comfortable in mathematics learning situations and more motivated to participate and focus – thus becoming able to learn more effectively, experience increased academic success, and develop numeracy concepts and skills for lifelong use.

The new English and Math courses are available to schools in your area and course resources can be found on the FNESC website at www.fnesc.ca. Other available courses that have Aboriginal content are: BC First Nations Studies (a Social Studies 11 credit), and, of course, Secwepemctsín. If you, or your child, are interested in getting any of the following courses in your school, please notify your academic counselor and/or First Nations Counselor or contact Karmen Brillon, FNESC’s Curriculum and Exam Standards Coordinator at karmenb@fnesc.ca for support. It is important to share this information with the students, communities and schools. One of the biggest misconceptions is that “these courses are only for Aboriginal students” – these courses are for all students! These courses were developed with intent for all students to learn through a different approach. As First Nations people, we should be encouraging nonnative people to learn with us – because we are not just a People in the history books, we are in the classrooms learning with everyone else. Julianne Peters works at the Secwepemc Cultural Education Society and she participated in FNESC’s three-day Summer Institute for First Peoples Curriculum, held in Kamloops in the summer of 2011.

Secwepemc Actor/Playwright Visits KamloopsTRU Submitted by Julianne Peters

Darrell Dennis is a Secwépemc Actor, Playwright, Comedian, Radio Personality, and Role Model; he attended the University of Toronto. He is an Adams Lake Indian Band member; he grew up in Vancouver as a child, and moved to Eskét in his teenage years. His latest work has been acting in Betrayal, a screenplay by Harold Pinter, which played at the Pavilion Theatre from Sept. 2nd to Oct. 8. Darrell plays “Jerry”; a man having an affair with his best friend’s wife and Betrayal is the unraveling of their history, revealing subtle hints of the unfolding love triangle. The play is very intense, but the emotion is strong and real. Darrell’s accomplishments are a compilation from writing, speaking and acting. He’s written ‘Darrell Dennis: Two plays’, which include the plays ‘The Trickster of Third Avenue East’ and ‘Tales of an Urban Indian’. Darrell produced the ‘Tales of an Urban Indian (Movie)’ in 2009. He’s appeared on two TV series, ‘The Rez’ and ‘Northwood’, and has a CBC Radio show called ‘ReVision Quest’, which airs every summer; the topic is deflating stereotypes through myth busting. He also has a blog that follows each episode. The topics in his plays and radio show did come up when he was hosted at Thompson Rivers University (TRU) at the Irving K. Barber Centre, to promote Betrayal. Darrell discussed how he took a mandatory “Culture Studies” course in High school, he thinks it is important to learn about Aboriginal people, but not just in history. In humour, he also added, “I imagined that when the teacher asked us to go to our culture studies class, that she would whisper,

‘Ok kids, this is what really happened, but don’t tell the Indian kids.’” Darrell also acknowledged the importance of education, “Stay in school” was his shout out – What an awesome role model! He said he wished that Aboriginal authors were incorporated into our high school curriculum; and funny enough, his list of favorite authors and playwrights (Tomson Highway, Sherman Alexie, Thomas King, among others) are on the English First Peoples book list. At TRU, Darrell read from his play ‘Tales of an Urban Indian’, which led to a discussion about “Two-spirited” people – there was a sense of need or want to go back to the traditional ways of thinking of our gay and lesbian community. He said he learned they are the “True Spirit” of the people, and they are strong because they do contain the spirit of a man and woman. Darrell is now living in California, doing stand-up comedy (and continuing writing, hopefully). He’s got a great sense of humour and he knows how to use it. His discussions, whether it is on CBC or at TRU, have been filled with knowledge and understanding that deserves recognition – he has a voice that people want to listen to. He so fluidly talks about Aboriginal issues, but can still make us laugh. Find Darrell Dennis on Facebook at http:// www.facebook.com/people/Darrell-Dennis. And although his CBC show ‘ReVision Quest’ is done for the season, you can listen online and read his blog at http://www.cbc. ca/revisionquest/. Darrell is a great role model for our Secwépemc Youth, and there is hope that his works, past and present, will continue to influence our lives.

Darrell Dennis is a First Nations writer from the Shuswap Nation in the interior of British Columbia. His short stories have been published in periodicals across the country. His work has also been broadcast nationally on CBC radio. Darrell is a produced playwright and an award-winning writer for television. His script “Moccasin Flats” was an official selection at the 2003 Sundance Film Festival and was later turned into a series for the Showcase Network. His one man show, Tales of an Urban Indian was nominated for two Dora Mavor Moore Awards: “Outstanding New Play” and “Outstanding Performance by a Male.” Darrell is currently working on a novel, a collection of short stories, a feature film script, and is writing for several television series. In addition, Darrell is a full time student at the University of Toronto where he received a National Scholarship and is working towards an Honours degree in English and Aboriginal Studies.


Secwepemc NEWS


“Remembering First Nations Veterans, then and now”

Tronson Family (Vernon) would like to Honor: Harry Tronson WW 1 & II Edward Tronson WW 2 E.J Tronson WW 1 Lawrence Brewer WW 2 Leonard Brewer WW 2 Charlie Brewer WW 2 Died at Sea Larue Family in Kamloops Robert Larue WW 2 Edward Bennett WW 2 Gabriel Larue Army

In Remembrance of those who gave so much, so we could have today.

RemembeRing OuR Secwepemc VeteRanS KuKwStep-Kuc

Whispering Pines/Clinton Indian Band as ent w than m e e e r mor e Ag istic r a little mmand m r o Co their rea A 3. F e Ko 27, 195 rious UN nd held es of h T “ m va da uly extre eate , the ed J n’s sign e years ced, retr he bitter e terrai e h t r n t d h a d t as ills an re dv well es a h endu Forc . They mate as f steep d i o ”. l n s c n u e o i were d an binati gro d e r a o p ves n 500 i K t e m a c e o i r th tha gc t py ny N taxin swam ow ma a. More a resul h s e r Ko es a own ot kn action in t their liv n s i It los war. d in kille nadians of the Ca

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The contributions of Aboriginal Veterans is meaningful.

We will not forget.


— Nathan Matthew, TRU, Director, Aboriginal Education


“ Dad, Daddy, Father, Grandfather, Warrior” On behalf of Frank M. Sam’s Family you have been the Best Father, Warrior and Inspiration for us to do our Best !!! Have the Best Rememberance Day From Randy Sam





130 Chilcotin Road Kamloops, BC V2H 1G2 Phone: (250) 314-6732

Secwepemc NEWS



We, your sons and daughters of today, remember you, spirits of past wars and battles. We stand for peace on this planet called Mother Earth . . . . We are armed not with the terrible weapons of technology but with the wisdom of the Elders. We have not forgotten, we will not forget. We will live for our children and the future. War should never be glorified. Yet, the sacrifices and achievements of those who participated must never be forgotten. We owe it to our Veterans to keep the memory of their service alive. To this end, members of Canada’s Native community have been forming Veterans’ organizations and recording their wartime experiences in newsletters, books and films. In the introduction to We Were There, a collection of warrelated memories produced by the Saskatchewan Indian Veterans Association, the editor explains: I wanted to publish . . . to let Indian children know that their fathers and grandfathers fought for the freedom we now cherish. Many of the Indian Veterans who fought for this freedom did not come back. This book is meant to honour those who can still tell their stories, and those who were left behind. Canadian Native Veterans are proud of their wartime contributions. Some have made commemorative pilgrimages back to the battlefields in which they fought decades before. Cairns and memorials have been erected in prominent locations on several reserves. Residents gather around them each November 11 for Remembrance Day ceremonies. Native Veterans have reason to be proud. More than 7,000 Indians served in the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War, and an unknown number of Inuit, Métis and other Natives also participated. One Native Veterans group estimates that 12,000 Natives served in the three wars. On each occasion, Canada’s Native soldiers overcame cultural challenges and made impressive sacrifices and contributions to help the nation in its efforts to restore world peace. It was an incredible response consistent with a remarkable tradition.

Artist Profile: Darrell Gaze, Adams Lake Band Hello, my name is Darrell Gaze I am 31 years of age, a proud father of one named Ryder Gaze. I come from Adams Lake Indian band, my mother is Joanne Gaze who also comes from Adams Lake Band, and my grandfather Andrew Gaze and grandmother Roseanne Gaze come from the same band which is located in Chase, British Columbia which is situated in South Shuswap territory in the interior. I am of Secwepmec origin, and proud. When I was in kindergarten I drew a very large eagle, and what I remember is having all the class surrounding me watching me draw this eagle I felt very good to be able to have this attention at a very young age. I also am a poet and have a passion for putting things in different perspectives for people. What inspired me to keep up my art work, was the very many people who helped me, but my biggest influence was my foster mother Joan Wright, from Pritchard, British Columbia. Joan took me in at a young age and loved me like any other mother, she took very good care of me, and well, wasn’t till later I found out that she was an artist herself. I was very excited to gain knowledge on what Joan was about and became very surprised, I learned to love her more as I got to know her more, I was a very timid person when I first met Joan. I began to learn more and more about Joan and she continued to inspire me and motivate me in developing my confidence

as an artist. Before I met Joan, I was moved around in foster care a lot, so it was hard to find out where I belonged and was very confused. Being that young and not knowing (Who? What? Where? Why?) was very tough on my childhood. My art teacher in high school Grace was another great person in my life; she was a close neighbor of myself and Joan so it was easy access for more wisdom and knowledge about my developing talent. I got my other influences from watching the 2010 Winter Olympics, listening to all the stories of how the athletes got to where they are today, they inspired me so much. I saw so much power in these people amongst so many others who were important to me along my journey; it was these people that supported me through the many struggles to find out who I was as a First Nation. I currently hold one award from my new business (BC Hydro Entrepreneurial Award) presented by Walk Tall CSTC Aboriginal Youth Achievement Awards in Prince George, BC, 2010. I also won an art contest at a youth conference in Prince George where I won $500, this youth conference was the biggest influence in jump starting my artwork and business. My business, Gaze Effect, consists of my artwork and merchandise which I sell online. I am now continuing to look for more opportunities to expand my knowledge about different mediums. I plan to

accomplish my opportunities by going to the Vancouver Art Institute of BC. What lies behind my art work is a long line of meaning, every drawing I present comes from my emotions how I feel, how

I see things. I stand proudly behind my company belief that will empower the First Nations people to continue to be strong and powerful. I am honoured to have had the opportunity to introduce myself and look forward to meeting you on my journey. If you wish to contact Darrell to purchase or see his art work, call (250) 8990612 or email: gazeeffect99@live.com or check him out on facebook.


Secwepemc NEWS


Lhoosk’uz (Kluskus) Dene Nation - Visit to New Afton - Building Relationships

Submitted by Martha Manuel

On Monday, Oct. 24, 2011, the Skeetchestn, Tk’emlups Indian Bands, along with New Gold welcomed the Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation (Kluskus). Chief Liliane Squinas, accompanied by her Councillors, youth and administration team, were invited on a tour of New Afton and were given an opportunity to gain valuable information about the Participation Agreement between the Stk’emlupsemc (Kamloops Division) and New Gold. New Gold is currently engaging in communications with the Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation, in relation to the Blackwater project. Robert Gallagher, President of New Gold, Chief Shane Gottfriedson, Tk’emlups and Chief Rick Deneault, Skeetchestn, accompanied by their respective Council members and Stk’emlupsemc administration, participated in the day’s events in welcoming the Lhoosk’uzt’en. The day’s events included an opening prayer by Skeetchestn Councillor Darrell Draney, followed by the Welcome song from Stk’emlupsemc Joint Councils. Presentations included an overview of the Participation Agreement, update of New Afton operations in relation to surface, underground and human resources recruitment. The Blackwater Project Team were also available to share current exploration progress as well as the communications which have been initiated thus far with the Lhoosk’uzt’en. BC Aboriginal Mine Training Association were also available to share their success thus far, in their processes in relation to Aboriginal recruitment, job applications and education/ training. Blackwater is one of New Gold’s future growth projects and is located approximately 160 kilometres southwest of Prince George in Central British Columbia. The project was acquired by New Gold in June of 2011 through New Gold’s acquisition of Richfield Ventures Corp.

The Lhoosk’uzt’en are one of the First Nations, with potential interests in the Blackwater Gold Mine Project located at Mt. Davidson, 16 km north of the West Road (Blackwater) River in west central British Columbia. Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation (Lhoosk’uzt’en) The Lhoosk’uzt’en, ‘people of Kluskus,’ are associated with a large region centered around the three Kluskus Lakes and Kluskus Creek, a tributary of the West Road River. Historically, the Lhoosk’uzt’en became the Kluskus Indian Band, and today they call themselves the Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation. Their homeland is the Kluskus Lakes area, where most of their 17 Indian Reserves are located. The main community is on Kluskus Indian Reserve No. 1, at the head of the second Kluskus Lake. As of March, 2011, The Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation has 204 registered members, of which 33 people live on one of the First Nation’s reserves. The most populated Lhoosk’uz Indian Reserve is Kluskus No. 1. Beginning in the 1950s there was an exodus from Kluskus village on Kluskus No. 1, and eventually the village was deserted for a number of years (Sikora 1990, 1994; Blacklaws 1980). In the 1980’s, the Department of Indian Affairs promoted the village as the main Kluskus settlement and a number of families returned. The Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation band office is in Quesnel, where a number of band members also live. Kluskus village on Kluskus Indian Reserve No. 1 is the nearest First Nation settlement to the Blackwater Gold Project. Mt. Davidson, the site of the ore body, is located about 30 km northwest of Kluskus Village. Mt. Davidson is also 17 km directly north from Tsacha Lake Indian Reserve No. 8 of the Lhoosk’uz Dene Nation.

Lhoosk’uz Councillors: Agnes Chantyman and Ella Stillas, New Afton Tour

New Gold Employee Profiles

Jacob Gage, Skeetchestn Indian Band. Temporary Mechanical Labourer. What steps did you take in order to gain employment with New Gold, Inc? I consulted with BCAMTA, reported back to them regularly, and kept good faith in the hopes that I would be hired. What you have learned while working for New Gold, Inc.? Working around so many different trades is honestly tough not to learn something new every day. Everything from bleeding a Toyota brake line, to heating and annealing process you take while welding a piece of equipment. It makes for an interesting and exciting day. What are your duties at New Gold, Inc? My duties range from keeping the shops clean, to assisting them whenever possible. I look forward to every day, knowing that it will be diverse and interesting, which will keep any trades man coming back for more. What you most enjoy about working with New Gold, Inc? I enjoy working with good people and having a job that has the diversity that our New Afton mine has. New Gold is a top notch company to work for. Word of advice or words of inspiration to other Kamloops Division Members: Shoot for the stars.”

Korah DeWalt is from Tk’emlups Indian Band. Her position at New Gold Inc. is Human Resources Assistant During University, I received a bursary from the New Gold Inc. – New Afton Mine to assist with the rising costs of transportation, living expenses, and tuition. After receiving the bursary, New Afton hired me for a Human Resources Co-op position. Shortly after, I enrolled to be a BCAMTA candidate where the Program Coaches aided and supported my career goals. During my 4 month term, I had the opportunity to experience the working environment of the Human Resources department and the dayto-day operations of the mine. I immediately discovered my passion, Human Resources. After completing my Bachelor of Business, focusing in Human Resources at Thompson Rivers University, New Gold Inc. – New Afton hired me for an additional 4 month working term. During that same summer, New Gold offered me full time employment where I happily accepted the role of Human Resources Assistant. Currently my role includes advertising, recruitment, employee development, employee orientation, and administrative duties. continued >>>>>>

Secwepemc NEWS


Lehal Champion Teams - Jules Memorial

Skeetchestn Team

Above: Canim Lake Team Below: ??

New Gold Profile continued.......

I work directly with the First Nations Coordinator, Martha Manuel, in order to help other aboriginal candidates gain employment with New Gold Inc. In addition, Martha and I are currently working and meeting with Blackwater area band representatives in order to develop long last relationships for the future. I have had the opportunity to travel to the Kluskus village and attend a career fair in the Williams lake area in order to promote New Gold, Inc. – Blackwater Project. Martha has been a very valuable role model and I would like to thank Martha for all her hard work and guidance over the past 2 years. During my time at New Gold, I have learned the importance of team support. I credit many successes to the fact that New Gold believes that we all have an important role. Working together, we can all help to make New Afton a successful


Local Author Gets Into the Cowboy Hall Of Fame Local Author gets his books into the “Rodeo Hall of Fame” in Ponoka, Alta. Wilfred Louis Bennett is from the Neskonlith Indian Band. His parents are Arlene Etienne (Bonaparte) and Adam Bennett (Kamloops). He grew up around rodeo, following the circuits, living on ranches, working with horses. Wilfred wrote his first book in 1995, after being sober for a year. Wilf is now on his 7th book, his books entails rodeo pictures, rodeo stories, travelling to and coming from rodeos, visiting with friends, growing up with his step sisters, watching rodeos, watching the wreck, the points racked up. Experiencing bull riding himself, he has a good story to share. The books have photos that were gathered by Wilf through visits, friends sharing, and sometimes just some good ol’ visits with old friends. Wilf will be 60 soon and the stories, photos in his books go back over his past lifetime in the rodeo lifestyle. Including his first bullride at Nick Kylicks first highschool rodeo in 1970 to his last rodeo. There is a lot of actions shots of cowboys riding broncs, and bulls. Wilf was surprised when he sent a friend a copy of his book and it was put in the Rodeo Hall of Fame library in Panoka, Alberta. That was one fulfilling day for Wilf Bennett. Wilf is the process of completing his 7th book called “ One Dog, a few Bears and Why me”, it’s a book with humor about growing up with his step sisters and travelling to watch rodeo’s with a few crazy cowboys and the funny events that happened on their journeys.

project. The human resources team at New Afton works both on the New Afton project and the exploration project, Blackwater. Each team member has skills that complement the rest of the team creating a very positive and productive team force. My advice to other aboriginal applicants: First, register with the British Columbia Aboriginal Mine Training Program. BCAMTA will assist in developing a career path detailed to your experience and interests. I believe it is the best avenue for success, as I have seen firsthand, with my personal experience and being involved in the hiring process at New Gold that Aboriginal applicants benefit from the services that BCAMTA provides. My advice is to: “Find your passion and pursue it with hard work and determination!”

Wilf with the letter he received from the Cowboy Hall of Fame in Panoka Alberta, stating his book is in their library.

“ I would like to thank Pee Wee Gottfriedson for helping me that day on my first bull ride, and Ken Manual for helping me when I got on my first bareback 41 years ago”. W. Bennett

Congratulations to New Gold’s 2011 FN Scholarship Recipient Jacob Deneault, Skeetchestn Band Member Bachelor of Arts, English Major

L to R: Deb Biddiscombe (SIB JIC Representative), Jacob Deneault (SIB), and Martha Manuel (FN Coordinator)


Secwepemc NEWS


Shocking Conditions In Native Schools Says Scott Haldane, Chairman Of First Nations Education Panel WILLIAMS LAKE, B.C. An entire class that failed Grade 9 math had four different teachers come and go from the classroom. Rundown schools in dire need of repair. Schools that receive about half of the perstudent funding of public schools because they’re on First Nations reserves. These are the stories that have stuck with Scott Haldane, the chairman of the National Panel on First Nations Elementary and Secondary Education, as the federally appointed panel tours the country for the latest in a long list of reports and studies to examine the abysmal rates of high school graduation and post-secondary achievement for Canada’s aboriginal peoples. “I think most Canadians have no idea...,” Haldane said, after the panel wrapped up meetings with students, teachers, parents and aboriginal officials in British Columbia. The panel will be in Manitoba and Alberta later this month, before stops in Saskatchewan and Quebec next month. They have already held meetings in Ontario, B.C. and the Atlantic provinces. Haldane admits he’s found some of the conditions shocking as he’s explored on-reserve education across the country. Top of Form Bottom of Form “We have one educational system run by provinces and then we have a non-system, with some exceptions. You couldn’t really call this a system,” said Haldane, the CEO of YMCA Canada who was appointed this summer to head up the national panel - a joint initiative of the federal government and the Assembly of First Nations. “It’s piecemeal, it’s leaving schools to fend for themselves and it’s under-funded.” Those words give Deborah Jeffrey hope. “We’re always hopeful,” said Jeffrey.

The head of B.C.’s First Nations Education Steering Committee is all too aware that many reports have come before and little has changed for students at any of the 520 schools operated by bands on First Nations reservations across Canada. There are also seven federal schools still operating on Canadian reserves - six in Ontario and one in Alberta. The first band-run school in B.C. was opened in 1973 by parents from the Mount Currie Indian Band. Today, there are about 130 such schools in the province serving about 5,000 students. Report after report, the recommendations have been consistent, Jeffrey said: schools serving aboriginal students on reserves need equal funding to public schools and funding stability. In B.C., where First Nations have supplemental agreements for education funds, the per-student funding is about 20 per cent less than those students would receive in provincial public schools. Outside B.C., where those supplemental agreements are not in place, funding is about 37 per cent less, Jeffrey said. That is an improvement - a study six years ago found the funding was about half. The chronic under-funding means these on-reserve schools struggle to retain quality teachers, they lack infrastructure and they can’t offer as many educational programs as their public school Counterparts, Jeffrey said. There are approximately 118,000 First Nations students living on reserves in Canada whose education is funded by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. About 60 per cent of them attend the band-operated or federal schools on reserve, while about 40 per cent go to provincial schools or private schools off reserve, according to the national panel. More than half of First Nations peoples are under age 25 and 350,000 are under 14 but just half of First Nations youth graduate


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from high school, compared to more than 80 per cent of other Canadian children. Only eight per cent have a university degree. Jehan Casey, spokeswoman for Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development in Canada, said the panel is one of several initiatives aimed at improving life for Canada’s aboriginal population. Ottawa spends $1.4 billion a year on First Nations elementary and post-secondary education, and last year announced $30 million over two years to support a tripartite K-12 education agreement. The first such agreement is being rolled out in British Columbia, to improve parity between programs, services and standards on-reserve and the provincial education system. “There’s a consensus nationally that it’s time to take immediate action to improve educational outcomes for First Nations students,” Casey said. But the issue isn’t as simple as just spending more, she said. “Simply increasing the funding for First Nations education wouldn’t necessarily achieve greater comparability between the band-operated system and the provincial system, increased funding is not necessarily going to lead to comparable outcomes without other initiatives,” Casey said. “It’s about comparable services, programs, education - the whole package, not just increased funding, and that’s a large project that is under way.” An agreement signed in 2006 gives First Nations the right to jurisdiction over education, but to date none in B.C. have because they have not reached financial agreements with the federal government. Sixty-eight B.C. bands have formally indicated interest in educational jurisdiction and 14 are pursuing formal negotiations. The issue must be dealt with, said Jeffrey, who said the notorious history of First Nations education in Canada lingers. “Certainly the agenda of aggressive assimilation through the residential schools has left a large, dark legacy and certainly we, as First Nations people, are trying to move forward from that.” She believes band-run schools are key to revitalizing aboriginal language and culture, and with them aboriginal aspirations. The national panel will deliver its report to the Federal Minister and the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations by the end of the year.

In Loving Memory

Wayne Lowly May 20, 1060 - Oct 16, 2011 We are sorry, hurt, and sad to announce the loss of our brother, father, grandfather, son, cousin and friend. Wayne Richard Lowley, youngest son of eleven children to Charlie and Mary Lowley from Topley, BC passed away peacefully at the age of 51 on October 16, 2011. He was born on May 20, 1960 in Burns Lake, BC. Wayne enjoyed the outdoors, hunting, fishing and 4x4ing, and even went for a round of golf. Wayne battled left handed and he used that grip to play golf right handed. Wayne’s life long love was being an entertainer, playing guitar and singing, he eventual got on the drums and did it every chance he got. Wayne’s parents deceased and his younger Sister Cindy, and oldest Brother Paul. Survived by only Son Wayne Justin, and his fiancé Jolene. His grandchildren, Dinee, Kiyha, Jax Brothers; Williams, Wilfred, Andy, Herrt, Sisters; Clara, Matilda, Margaret, Norma and Laura. I would like to thank Emergency Response, Lake Babine and Adams Lake Band for their financial contribution that helped out Leonard and his wife with travel expenses. Special thanks to the Mattie family, Ivan and Lila Truran who came and prayed and smudged the place. Cousin Victor and Martina Williams for her prayers. Pearl and Eddy West who came from Revelstoke and anyone else who we maybe have forgotten to mention. Services to celebrate Wayne’s life was held at 1448 Knox United Church in Prince George on October 20th. Funeral Services held in Burns Lake on October 22nd. There will be a service at the Salvation Army in Kamloops on November 4th, 2011.

Secwepemc NEWS


Making Healthy Food Choices When Eating Out This is the twenty seventh article in a series of articles discussing diabetes. With the incidence of diabetes being on the rise in our population, at Manshadi Pharmacy we have taken a great interest in diabetes care and would be happy to answer any questions that you may have regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the disease and its related complications. Reality is that with our busy lifestyles, we all are faced with situations when grabbing fast food is our only mealtime option. As most fast food is full of refined carbohydrates, unhealthy fats, and salt, it can be difficult to find items which won’t contribute to uncontrolled blood sugar levels or to high cholesterol or blood pressure. In this article, I would like to review some simple tips for making healthier food choices when eating out in order to help you keep your diet inline as part of your diabetes lifestyle management or prevention. Thankfully many fast food places are becoming more health conscious and are providing menu options that are lower calorie, portion controlled, or allow you to substitute a healthier item. When ordering from a fast food restaurant, remembering the

basics to healthy eating will help you make better choices. For example, try to stay away from refined foods by choosing brown bread instead of white. Most places now give you the option of a side salad instead of french fries, which not only prevents an unhealthy rise in your blood sugar, but also avoids bad cholesterol and large amounts of sodium. For drink choices, try to avoid regular pop or other sugary choices, and stick to water or milk instead. Never “upsize” your meal, as often the regular sized meal is already a larger portion size than necessary. Don’t forget an easy way to measure portions when on the go is a portion of carbohydrate is approximately equivalent to the size of a small fist, a portion of meat or alternative protein is the size of your palm and thickness of your pinky finger, a portion of fat is the size of the tip of your thumb, and a portion of vegetables is the amount you can fit into both hands. As carbohydrates are the main contributor to rises in blood sugar, try to limit the number of portions of carbohydrates per meal to no more than 3. Don’t forget to eat a balanced meal which includes lean protein, lots of vegetables, and a small amount of healthy fats, in

Three Secwepemc communities participate in National Aboriginal Addictions Awareness Week (NAAAW) Submitted by Craig Duck Chief

The event will include events in Chase, Adams Lake, Little Shuswap & Neskonlith. (Chase/Salmon Arm). Some activities will include a Low2no Electronic Day scheduled for November 16th, with the purpose in advocating turning off the electronics and participating in family activities. The Adams Lake Band would like to challenge the other Secwepemc communities to the Low2no Electronic Day. We would like to hear about what your plans or activities would be, local participants will be entered into a family prize package. As many of you are aware addictions take many forms in our present world, and NAAAW provides the opportunity to bring awareness of types of addictions of our people, families and communities encounter. Specifically, youth can be susceptible to many addictions. Our NAAAW team is seeking to engage

youth within these communities to offer support and knowledge in addictions. In making this year’s event “cool” youth will participate in a video production, awesome incentive prizes will be given out, art contest (sponsored by Neskonlith Education Centre), a health fair and a DJ Dance are some events taking place. The events hope to draw a wide range of ages and participation. This four community collaborative initiative is unique in the participation and support from local organizing groups. Members of the Health, Social, RCMP and School(s) have participated. Other scheduled events will be creating your own smudge box, community parade, pancake breakfast, wiener roast, coffee house/entertainment, sweat(s), AA roundup/meetings and other events. Please feel free to come out and engage the awareness week for the 2011 NAAAW.

Happy National Aboriginal Addictions Awareness Week

order to level out blood sugars. Watch out for items that may appear healthy but are full of hidden fat, sodium, and carbohydrates. For example, a raisin bran muffin at Tim Horton’s has 10 grams of fat, 780mg of sodium, and is 4 portions of carbohydrates. Also, remember that certain items are meant to be a treat, meaning you “treat” yourself to them rarely and should indulge in a smaller size. For example, a large blizzard at Dairy Queen is 980 calories, 44 grams of fat, 6 portions of carbohydrates. By substituting it with a small you save 300 calories, 16 grams of fat, and 3 portions of carbohydrates. I hope that this article has shown you that even when eating on the go, you can still have a lot of control in your diabetes management by making choices that support a healthy lifestyle. Remember, as there is no “diabetic diet”, these tips apply to the general population as well. In my next article, I will be discussing diabetes management while travelling. Sincerely, Laura Burgess, B.Sc. Pharm., Certified Diabetes Educator Pharmacist, Manshadi Pharmacy


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Kia7as and Kana7as (Grandmothers) of the Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn recently completed a mile stone project

The Kia7as and Kana7as (Grandmothers) of the Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn recently completed a mile stone project by successfully documenting some 3,360 Words and Phrases of the eastern dialect of the Secwepemc language. These words and phrases will be uploaded to computer and be available online to those wishing to learn the accurate pronounciation of the Secwepemc word/ phrase from any online location anywhere in the world! Each word/phrase has been collaborated upon and approved for accuracy and then recorded by individuals from this group of Secwepemc ladies. This group includes some of the last remaining fluent speakers within the Splatsin tribe and they range in age from 71 to 89 and all with age related health issues. This dedicated grandmother’s group has been working on this project under the auspices of the Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn (Teaching Center) Society for the past year and is comprised of 8 fluent speakers, an audio/visual technical team and a Coordinator (Rosalind Williams) that oversees the project. The Splatsin are comprised of 800 members. We have 15 fluent speakers

left. There are 10 fluent speakers of the Secwepemc language who reside in our community aged 65 to 93. Our dialect is Secwepemctsin and is listed as an Endangered Language and predicted to become a dead language within the next decade. The Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn hopes to continue every effort to save the language from becoming extinct and this project is a major resource to help keep it alive. We are very proud that we have accomplished the major task of recording our language dicationary and common phrases so it will be preserved for future generations to use with computors, ipads, iphones, schools, homes, etc. If you would like to see our online language dicationary please go to: http:// www.firstvoices.com/ and go to “Choose a Language” and click on the Secwepemctsin – Splatsin (Eastern Dialect) tab. It will show our online word archive. The Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn has been supported in this project by the First Peoples Cultural Foundation, and the Splatsin Chief and Council. For further information contact: Deanna Leon, Executive Director Splatsin Tsm7aksaltn, 250 838-6404 ext 1


Secwepemc NEWS


As a Research Assistant this summer at SCES I assisted in numerous assignments. Working primarily with the Proposal Writer, Krista Gallant, I gained experience in budgets, proposal writing and research. My first task was to research reports and references that supported specific proposal topics and themes. I compiled a binder of quotations pulled from government and relevant organizations’ reports and suggestions. The binder contains all encompassing subjects such as language revitalization, employment, arts, adult education, adult literacy, Elder/youth relations, and trades (transportation, mining, construction), and is meant to provide easy access to research and quotes for future proposals. For each subject, evidence and data was needed to show that Aboriginal communities needed and wanted changes and developments made to social programs such as improved quality of life, cultural retention, and language revitalization. Support for these issues included sources such as statistics, graphs, and reports. During proposal work, select quotations and information acquired through this research were integrated into proposal topics. I also had the opportunity to work on and complete an entire proposal for the Canada Council for the Arts. I worked with Krista on budget basics, cover letters, letters of support, board motions as well as writing the main portion of the proposal. Writing an entire proposal was a daunting task, but with the help, guidance, and reassurance of Krista I was able to finish and gain valuable insight and experience into proposal writing. Throughout the summer I continued to help on parts of proposals, editing written segments and developing ideas for future proposal initiatives and projects. During my time at SCES, I worked on proposals for Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, First Peoples’ Heritage Language & Culture Council, Canadian Council for the Arts (2), Ministry of Advanced Education, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, First Nations and Urban Aboriginal Early Childhood Development and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. As well as proposal writing, I also worked on other tasks in the office such as creating spreadsheets, basic budgets using Excel, scanning, faxing, photocopying documents, and created a company pamphlet using Publisher. I also gained experience working in an office environment. Spending the summer writing, supporting, and researching documents has provided me with skills transferable to university, creating self confidence and awareness in writing and other school projects. Kateri is employed part-time with the LRP Program out of SCES.


Aboriginal Youth Workshop

Submitted by Julianne Peters

November 2nd, 2011, Tina Matthew, from the Aboriginal Skills Employment & Training Services (ASETS) and Shuswap Nation Tribal Council (SNTC), hosted an Aboriginal youth workshop at Thompson Rivers University (TRU) on Aboriginal RCMP and Criminal Justice. Constable Darwin Robbins (of Eskét) and Constable Irv David were present to talk about the Aboriginal RCMP, while Edith Fortier (of Tk’emlúps) presented information on Restorative Justice (RJ). Edith Fortier, the Aboriginal Justice Coordinator of the Secwépemc Community Justice Program (SCJP), presented information regarding the National Restorative Justice Symposium (NRJS). The major topic of discussion was RJ and its purpose. RJ seeks to repair the harm caused by crime and violence by addressing victims’ needs, holding offenders accountable for their actions, and engaging the community in the justice process. To achieve this, offenders must first accept responsibility for their role in an offence and harm they have caused. Victims must also voluntarily choose to participate. Communities are given an opportunity to provide support, offer their input and assist in helping the offender to return to living in the community. In this approach, crime is understood not only as breaking the law, but as a violation of people and relationships and a disruption of peace in the community. The example used was, 3 youth skipped school and vandalized an elderly woman’s backyard; the parents, school faculty, victim, and offenders discuss how it negatively impacted them and how to resolve the issue. Edith discussed how the forums/circles work, and why they have been successful: “It allows the person to face their victims”. Edith has been involved in Community Justice forums for several years. The SCJP has been running since April 2000, and they have been dealing with about 45 cases a year with a 95% success rate, and only 5% who re-offend. RJ programs may be used at various points in the criminal justice process. Some common RJ processes include: face-to-face dialogue between the victim and offender in appropriate cases, large group conferencing with the victim, offender, family and supporters; sentencing or healing circles, often used within the Aboriginal community. Victims, offenders and those making referrals (police officers, schools, self, community, etc.) are able to start the process by asking if RJ would be desirable in their case. If a person successfully completes the agreement they will not have a record. Each requires special training.

The RCMP offer a 3-day community justice forum facilitator training while the Province offers a one day training for alternative measures/extrajudicial sanctions. At the NRJS they will be revisioning the future of RJ. Edith believes the circles are so successful because they create strong sense of community and community support. This also lends an ear to situations that are complicated, for example, an offender with FASD (or other learning disabilities) can learn why their actions were wrong, and allows that person to receive help through community programs. This workshop was very informational for the youth that were present. The SCJP are willing to facilitate the Communtiy forums. The NRJS will be held at the Kamloops Convention Centre from November 13-15. For more information, you can contact Edith Fortier at the Secwépemc Community Justice Program at (250) 571-1021, or e-mail edith@live.ca, or you can drop by their office at 395 Yellowhead Hwy, Kamloops, BC. Cst. David and Cst. Robbins discussed the opportunities in working as RCMP and First Nations Police (FNP). They informed the youth of two programs available to join – the RCMP Training Academy and the Aboriginal Pre-Cadet Training Academy. To join the RCMP Training Academy, a person must: be a Canadian citizen, have a good character, be proficient in English or French, have their Class 5 license, be at least 19 years of age and have some life experience, be medically fit and be willing to relocate. The Aboriginal Pre-Cadet Training Program is an opportunity for Aboriginal people to join the RCMP, which have the same requirements, with the exception of the age group targeted is 19-29. After Academy Training is successfully completed, the RCMP Trainee will be required to complete 6 months on duty with a field coach at the first posting; 14 weeks for Aboriginal Trainees. Trainees will be expected to work in ‘General Duty’, which is patrolling and responding to calls, which can include things such as responding to alarms, domestic violence, impaired driving, bar fights, etc. The opportunities the youth were informed of were: major crime investigations, forensics, emergency response team (they joked, “this is like the Canadian version of SWAT”), police dog trainer, international peacekeeping, marine patrol, traffic service/ highway patrol, and drug squad. As a federal service, an RCMP officer can work anywhere in Canada. When asked if having a driving/criminal record would affect the acceptance of an application, the youth were informed that it depends on type and severity of the record. RCMP will look at the last 5 years when doing a criminal record check; denied applications will be deferred for 3 years and require another background check. One of the most important questions asked by a youth present, was “How do you maintain your Aboriginal Identity in a workforce that is dominantly White?” Cst. Robbins responded, “I go home and visit my family and friends. I was raised by my kyé7e, so [to me] it’s important to maintain friendships and know the language.” The closing message from Cst. David and Cst. Robbins was, “If you’re interested, you should apply. It’s a three year process, so you can continue on in your trades or university training, and keep your RCMP application on the side.” If you are interested in applying, please contact Corporal Dee Stewart, for Aboriginal Recruiting, at 604-264-2712. You can find more information at http:// www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/index-eng.htm. The Aboriginal Youth Workshops are the first Wednesday of every month.

Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7ELL7ÉLLCWTEN 2011 BIRTHDAY WISHES...... November birthdays 12th Lucy Martin 14th Johnson Kenoras Dunstan 15th Saige Letendre 18th Martha Letendre 19th Ron Powder 26th DancingEagle Whistle Letendre 29th Joaqin Kenoras, Jonnine Kenoras & Toni Letendre From all of us, Della & (Ron), Jason, Jeanne, Janna & Joaqin A special happy Birthday to our son, Joaqin Kenoras on your 7th birthday. Your still number one and still our baby.......Love mom & dad I would like to send out a “Congratulations” to my Niece Vanessa Jules (T’kemlups) & Daryle Bolten (Terrace) on the Birth of their Son “Seidon Jules-Bolten” Born: October 1st 2011 Weight 9 lbs (I’m soo glad it’s not too late:) & again Kuk’stem Auntie Jackie Jules & Family Happy Birthday to Jacob Roper Sr. for November 13th, 2011 from Bevy and the girls... or as you would always say the Lee’s and the one Nee! We miss you so very much but we still celebrate you on that day...Also Happy Birthday wishes for Dianne DUCKIE Crosina for November 12th... Love from Bevy & the girls...xoxo... Happy 4th Birthday to my niece Sisena Rose on November 2 Love Auntie Jocelyn, mom and dad, and all your family Happy Birthday to my husband Ron Powder. Lucille Martin, Joaqin Kenoras, and November birthdays and Anniversaries. From Dalla Powder (Deneault) and all your family & friends. Like to wish my Grandson Isiah Narcisse Happy Birthday for Nov 30/11 Love Grandma Jennifer Camille Wishing two very sweet Grand children a very Happy Birthday for Nov. 17th Ladin and 20th Winter Love you forever Gramma Barb Mahpiya Peters... Happy 7th birthday! May the Creator Bless you with more many more years to come... love mom Sienna Lemont Takaya and Val....

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In Loving Memory


SECWEPEMC BUSINESS DIRECTORY This listing is FREE to all Secwepemc.

James Edgar Wenlock (Jimbo) December 27, 1963 – October 8, 2011 Jimbo passed away peacefully at Royal Inland Hospital at the age of 47 years. He is survived by his loving father John E Wenlock (Helen), brothers John Greg Wenlock (Lynda), Jerry Wenlock and sister Susanne Wenlock and great aunt and uncles: Clarence & Caroline Fortier and Allen Williams; aunts Martha Matthew, Geri Matthew, and uncles Willie Matthew, Keith Matthew, nieces & nephews – Amanda, Richard, Johanna, John, Jayne and numerous other relatives. Jimbo was predeceased by his mother Bertha Matthew, grandparents Jack & Josephine (Fortier) Wenlock, Wilfred & Delores Matthew, aunts Norma & Eleanor, Judy (Wenlock) Malachowski and uncles Kenneth (aka Sam) & Ron.The Wake was on Friday, October 14, 2011 followed by the Services on Saturday, October 15, 2011 at 10:00 am at the Chu Chua Spiritual Centre Cremation to follow – internment at a later date. Special thank you to Royal Inland Hospital staff, Barriere Diagnostic & Treatment Centre staff, Simpcw First Nation, family and community members for the excellent care of Jimbo. Jimbo attended the Overlander School in Kamloops. He lived in Louis Creek, Barriere and Chu Chua. Was raised by his Uncle Harold and Grandmother Josephine (Nanna) and was very helpful to all community members. He loved any genre of music, rockin’ in the air band, watching sports such as wrestling, baseball and hockey and the rodeo & chuckwagon races at the North Thompson Fall Fair. Enjoyed luncheons, shopping and field trips with the Simpcw Elders, often making them laugh. Jimbo loved to attend concerts such as George Thorogood, Streetheart, Blue Rodeo and George Jones. His favourite food was a hamburger with no onions and fries. He was a perfectionist when he mastered his teachings and knew exactly where things were supposed to be. He was a walking book of knowledge – knew the statistics on music and sports. In his early years Jim travelled to the States and Winnipeg - he faced many surgeries & operations so as he could walk – was in a wheelchair. Appreciated any gifts he was given. He remembered birthdays and Christmas and the generosity of everyone. Tough thing that Jimbo wouldn’t complain and he was always asking are you okay and what can I do for you even when he was not feeling well. During the 2003 wildfires Jimbo spent a couple of weeks at Canim Lake residing with Fred & Maryanne Christopher. Jimbo always said “I’ve been everywhere”. The family wishes to thank those who offered their prayers, songs, generosity and support. Your thoughts are appreciated and will always be remembered.

All R Creations Hand Carved Jewellery Roxane McCallum (604)826-0095 Salmon Arm Baskets - Birch Bark Delores Purdaby (250) 832-6538 Birch Baskets Harold Thomas (250) 833-4016 Big Sky Station Store & Gas Savona Joan McTaggart (250) 373-0043 Black Bear Developments Kamloops Rick & Sunny LeBourdais (250) 579-5720 Bow & Arrow Golf Enterprises (250) 318-0742 Frank Antoine frankant27@hotmail.com Resource Planner & Owner Orbis Ent Ltd. Fax:(250) 305-2445 Ph:(250) 305-7415 E: Wenona@orbis-consulting.ca http://www.orbis-consulting.ca Casper Creations Kamloops Dora Casper (250) 376-1736 Chief Technologies Chase Craig Duck Chief (250) 320-5219 www.chiefcultraltech.com Don Cook Contracting Excavating & Fencing (250) 838-6299 / 503-8006 (c) Deana’s Dream Cree-ations Kamloops Deana Nicholson, Consultant (250) 377-1087 deanasdream@gmail.com Falling & Contracting Canim Lake Gregg Archie (250) 397-4137 Farrier Services Williams Lake Tom Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Full Circle Designs Kamloops Travis Marr (250) 828-0770 Hall/Conference Centre 4 Rent Chase Adams Lake Rec. Centre (250) 679-3515 Herbalife Distributor Kamloops Vanessa Holte (250) 574-6975 Indigenous Eco-cultural Education & Consulting Services Chase Dawn Morrison (250) 679-1116 Inspirational Catering, Aboriginal & Canadian Cuisine - Lonny Paul (250) 267-3314 reebs@live.ca (250) 375-2092 Language (Secwepemc) Consultant Mona Jules (250) 672-5293 (250) 320-0379 Lawyer Kamloops Linda D. Thomas Law Corp. (250) 319-8045 Little Bear Gift Shop & Gallery Chase Margaret Anderson (250) 572-4939 magand65@hotmail.com Margaret’s Cleaning Service Margaret Billy (250) 682-3517 Mary Kay Independent Sales Deborah Hall (250) 938-2124 Nature’s Best Buffalo meat/products Williams Lake Tom & Karen Alphonse (250) 296-0013

Neskonlith Advisory Services Chase Neskonlith Indian Band (250) 679-3295 Pathways Designs in Landscaping Linda Stump (250) 819-4969 Personalized Stained Glass Chase Doreen Kenoras (250) 679-3783 Pet Transport Kamloops Edwin Marten (250) 319-5097 Photography/Videography Kamloops Michelle Jones (250) 434-9703 Pine Needle Baskets Chase Agnes John( 250) 679-2741 Puss N’ Boots Daycare Kamloops Lucy Jules (250) 828-9429 Randy Sam Art Studio Chase Goldsmith - Randy Sam (250) 819-8953 Red Willow Designs Chase/Vancouver Tanya Willard (250) 299-5835 www.redwillowdesigns.ca Regal Representative Kamloops, BC Sabrina Thomas (250) 852-2878 Regalia & First Nation Crafts Kamloops Doris Bamford (250) 314-9820 Ribbon Shirts & Regalia Kamloops Trish Terry (250) 376-9001 Rock’s in the Wind Creations Chase Rock & Dianne Denault @ www.rockinwind.net Running Wolf Video Productions BC Doreen Manuel (604) 837-3663 www.runningwolf.ca Rustic Wear Kamloops Cody Stewart (250) 377-5237 Shiny Nicol Cleaning Services Chase Doreen Nicol (250)577-3532 / (778) 220-4967(c) Skwlax Gas & Convenience Chase John Anderson (250) 679-7623 Spectrum Computer Services Chase Raymond Anthony (250) 682-3517 Star Blankets Chase Sharon Sellars (250) 679-8812 / 682-2261(c) Talking Rock Resort & Quaaout Conf. Centre Stephan Wittmer, GM 1(800) 663-4303 Testop Publishing Chase Tess Tomma (250) 835-8446 Tribal (band) Shuswap Peter August (250) 679-8597 Tupperware Consultant Merritt Deanne Eustache (250) 378-1808 Xatsull Heritage (250) 297-6502 xatsullheritagevillage.com Xwéxwne Creations - Weddings & Events Beadwork & Regalia’s Louise Alphonse (250) 574-8002 Avon Representative Waterfall, Farrah farrah_820@hotmail.com (250) 320-8438 Eagle Spirit Band (250) 440-5692 Les Johnson

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Secwepemc NEWS


We Honor Our War Veterans “Then and Now”

We Honour Corporal Trevor Robbins, he is from Alkali Lake. He is BC2 PPCLI, and based in Shilo Manitoba. Trevor is continuing his training in the Infantry field and has done task work in Wainwright, Alberta. Trevor will be home for Christmas for three weeks.

Garry Retasket, son of Norman and Catherine Retasket of the Bonaparte Indian Band. In 2012, it will have been 20 years since Garry’s passing. He iwas a combat veteran in the Republic of Vietnam in 1968 and 69. During his tour, he also entered Cambodia and Laos. In 68/69, the war had escalated to the point of where there were over one thousand casualties for several months. Garry was diagnosed with Agent Orange Cancer in October 1990 and fought a Courageous battle until his passing in 1992. Garry left behind four beautiful children; he is survived by six brothers and four sister. We honor his name and miss him dearly. We Honour Ethel Weins of Neskonlith Indian Band WWII

We Honour Clarence Joseph Fortier was born in Chu Chua, BC, in 1917. Clarence served with the Army in WWII as a Gunner with the 9th Toronto Battery. Royal Canadian Artillery 11th Field Regiment in England, Sicily, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany. He was awarded the 1939-1945 Star, the Italy Star, the France and Germany Star, the Defence Medal, the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal, and the 1939-45 War Medal.

We Honour Private Mark Thoms of Salmon Arm, BC

We Honour Edward Alexis Fortier from Chu Chua, BC. He served in the Army in WWII and Korea He was a member of Legion Branch 242 in Barriere. Edward passed away in 2007. His nickname was Soldier Boy, after serving in WWII he also served in the Korean War and Egypt.

We Honour Frank Sam WWII is from the Shuswap Band.

to our secwepemc war veterans On behalf of the Tk’emlups Indian Band we would like to recognize our Veterans and the Veterans of this Country.

Allan Manuel WWII War Veteran

Clarence Fortier Martin Baptiste Peter Joseph Louis Celesta

Lloyd Celester Edward Fortier Sam Joseph Archie Pete

Louis Matthew Wilf Matthew Ernest Celesta Alfred Saul

Kukstsemc From Chief and Council & Community of Simpcw

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