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a nd wife were intercha n geable wh en it came to operati ng and m aintaining their boat. That Irving and Exy Johnson had more old-fashioned roles should not detract fro m Exy's extraordinary place in the history of cruising a nd sa il tra ining. This was a woma n who was no t to be left behind tending home and hearth once they h ad children . Of course, she was no t the fi rs t to do this, as there are lots of examples of sea cap tains bringing th eir fam ilies on board their sh ips for deep-sea voyages, but Exy's role as a ship's m anager of sorts extended well beyo nd most seago ing w ives' experience. Next time yo u see a tall ship come into port, check out the crew and you will probably find that the ratio of men to wo m en on board is ro ugh ly equal. Exy Johnson had somethi ng to do with that. Li nda Watts Newbury, Massachusetts

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From the Editor: Ms. Watts is indeed correct when she says that wives and children were not unheard of aboard ship in the Age of Sail. W hile husba nds and wives attempted to maintain traditional roles aboard their seagoing homes, there are several stories of wives, often more educated than most of the crew, becoming skillful navigators and shiphandlers. No story is m ore dramatic than that of Mary Ann Patten, who fi rst went to sea in 1854 at the age of eighteen with her husband, Joshu a Patten, captain of the clipper ship Neptune's Car o ut of Bosron. During the long passages at sea (the Pattens took the ship from Boston to

Mary Ann Patten in 1857 San Francisco via Cape Horn, to Calcutta, London, and back to New York), Captain Patten taught his bride navigation, m eteorology, and other aspects of runnin g a ship. It was a good thing, too, because on the Pattens' second voyage to San Francisco in 1856, Joshua Patten becam e incapaci tated fro m illness before the ship reached Cape H orn . The fi rst mate was in irons, having been accused earl ier in the voyage of sabotaging the ship's chance at a quick passage. W ith the cap tain delirious from fever, the fi rst m ate unfit to take command, and a second m ate who apparently did not kn ow how to n avigate, a pregna nt Mary A nn stepped up and brought the ship safely in to San Francisco, making the passage in 136 days. Along the way, she nursed her husband in his sickbed and quashed a muti ny attempt by the fi rst m ate.

Correction: In the last iss ue (Sea H istory 152, page 5), we printed a let ter by Dr. Harold D. Langley with a n incorrect city and state. D r. Langley has not moved- he res ides in A rlin gton , Virg inia. Be sure to read Dr. Langley's article in this issue on pages 24-31. OWNER'S STATEMENT: State ment fil ed 9/24/15 required by che Ace of Aug. 12, 1970, Sec. 3685, Tide 39, US Code: Sea Hi sto ry is publ ished quarterly at 5 John Wal sh Bl vd. , Peekskill N Y 10566; min imum subscription price is $ 17.5 0. Publisher and editor- in-ch ief: None; Editor is Deirdre E. O ' Regan ; owner is National Maritime Hi stor ica l Society, a non -profit co rporation ; all are located at 5 Joh n Wa lsh Blvd. , Peekskill NY 10566. D uring the 12 months precedi ng O ctober 2015 rhe average nu mber of (A) co pies printed each issue was 25,006; (B) paid and/or requ es ted circulation was: (1) o utside cou nty ma il subscription s 6,940; (2) in-co unty subscription s O; (3) sa les through dealers, ca rr iers , co unter sa les, ocher non-US PS paid distribut ion 3,569; (4) ocher cl asses mailed through USPS 512; (C) coca ! paid and /o r reques ted circul ation was 11,021 ; (D) free distribution by mail, sa mples, complimenta ry and ocher 11,827; (E) free distribution outside che ma ils 681 ; (F) coca! free distributio n was 12 ,5 08 ; (G) total discribucion 23,504; (H ) copies not distributed 1,5 02; (!) cora l [of 15G and HJ 25,006 ; (]) Perce ntage paid and /o r requ ested circulatio n 46 .8% . The actua l numbers for the sin gle issue preced ing O ctober 2015 are: (A) coca! number pr inted 25,3 0 1; (B) paid and/or req uested circu lat ion was: (I ) outside-co unty mail subscription s 6,8 10; (2) in-county subscript ions O; (3) sa les th rough dea lers, ca rriers, coun ter sa les, ocher non-USPS paid discribucion 6,170; (4) ocher classes mailed th rough US PS 468; (C) coca! paid and /or requested circu lation was 13,448; (D) free di stribution by mai l, sa mp les, compl imentary and ocher 10,154; (E) free distribution outside the mails 25 0; (F) coca! free distributio n was 10,404; (G) cora l distribut ion 23,852; (H ) copi es not d istributed 1,449; (!)co ca! [of J5G and H J 25,30 1; (J) Percentage paid and/or requested circul atio n 56.3% . I certify chat the above statements are co rrect and co mplete. (s igned) Burchenal G reen, Executive D irecco r, Nationa l Mar itime H isto ri ca l Society.

SEA HISTORY 153, WINTER 201 5- 16

Sea History 153 - Winter 2015-2016  

10 National History Day-Prizes in Maritime History • 12 A New Look at the "Longitude Problem," by Daniel McFadden • 16 Maritime Archaeolog...

Sea History 153 - Winter 2015-2016  

10 National History Day-Prizes in Maritime History • 12 A New Look at the "Longitude Problem," by Daniel McFadden • 16 Maritime Archaeolog...

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