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SHIP NOTES, SEAPORT & MUSEUM NEWS renowned for her WWII service as USS Zuni and her participation in rescues during 199 1 's "perfect storm. " Maritime Iowa on her way to Suisun Bay in California (Kevin Denton) Equipment & Sales has want to es tablish her on th e Sa n Francisco had the Tamaroa rowed to a Baltimore yard waterfront with shoreside exhibits and tours and intends ro refurbish the historic vessel of the weather deck. (HSMPS, PO Box and sell her as a rug or research or salvage 191242, San Francisco CA 94 110- 1242; vessel. (Serge Obolensky, 816 Golden Ar4 15 905-5700; e-mail: info@ battleshipiowa row Street, Grear Falls VA22066; web sire: .org; web site: www.battleshipiowa.org) ... www.ram aroa.o rg) ... W ith Korean and The California Coastal Commission ap- Japanese sail training associati ons, the proved a plan to berth the aircraft carrier American Sail Training Association has USS Midway (CV-41) along San Diego's announced the longest tall ship race ever North Embarcadero. The planners still held in the Pacific, ro rake place in 2002 . need ro satisfy the US Navy that the mu- The races will begin in Oki nawa, Japan, in seum would be fin ancially viable and the May, stop in Inchon, Korea, and then ship appropriately displayed in San Diego. continue ro Yokohama, where the 4,200(San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum, 1355 mile rransPacific race ro Puget So und will N. Harbor Drive, San Diego CA 92101; begin. In Seattle, race participants will join 619 702-7700; e-mai l: sdacm@aol.com; web other ships for Tall Ships C hallenge 2002, site: www.midway.org) ... D espite the ef- from early August to mid-September, which forts of a non-profit group ro purchase the will include races ro Sa n Francisco and Los US Coast Guard Cutter Tamaroa , the Angel es and a cruise-in-company to San vessel was so ld ro Maritime Equipment & Diego. (Steve Baker, Race Coo rdinator, Sales, Inc. ofAdger, Alabam a. The vessel is ASTA, PO Box 1459, 559 T hames Street,

INVENI PORTAM Andrew E. Gibson, US maritime administrator under President Nixon, died on 8 July at the age of79. A graduate of the Massachusetts Mari time Academy, in his wideranging maritime career he served as a deck officer and ship's master in WWII, vice pres ident of Grace Lines, president of Maher Terminals, president of Delta Line, and chairman of American Auromar Inc. He also earn ed a PhD and taught at the Naval W ar Co ll ege. His PhD thesis became The Abandoned Ocean-A History of US M aritime Policy (South Carolina Press, 1999) , a study of what went wrong with US m erchant shipping. Malcom McLean (191 4-2001) , who invented containerization, changed the face of ocean rransporrarion, making it cost effective and efficient and laying the foundation for a seamless system ofintermodalism using ships, trucks and rails. In the co urse of his career he founded Sea Land Service, purchased U nited States line and founded Trailer Bridge. NMHS trustee and former maritime administrator Warren Leback writes rhar Malcom was a "gentle, kind, personable man who conti nued until his death to provide ideas, visions and ways ro improve our world. He will be missed." Joe Gribbins, director of publicatio ns at Mystic Seaport, Inc., passed away this spring. His work with publisher Donald McGraw,] r. , art director B. Marrin Pedersen and m anaging editor Michael Levitt to develop the unique Nautical Quarterly in the 1970s and '80s resulted in 50 stellar volumes that featured spectacu lar photographs and engaging articles on yachts, yachtsmen and yachting history. As director of publications at Mystic for the past nine years, Gri bbins shepherded 22 books through th e editorial process and wrote three of his own on historic boats. Captain Ottmar H. Friz, who learned his trade on ships that rounded Cape Horn under sail, d ied on 23 April at the age of 105. He lefr school in Germany in 1911 ro sail before the mast in a German sailing ship and sailed on three other large commercial sailing vessels. In all , he served o n 34 deep-sea ships and served in the US maritime service in three wars.

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Newport RI 02840; 40 1 846- 1775; e-mail: raccord@sailtraining.org; website: www .sail training.org) ... "New Trade Winds," a collaboration among the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem , Massachusetts, th e Alaska Native Heritage Center in Anchorage, Alas ka, and the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii , explores co nnections between New England seafarers and Pacific culcures and the impact of the exchange of goods and ideas o n the disparate cultures through culcural exchanges, exhibits and publicatio ns. (ANHS, 8800 Heritage Cen ter Drive, Anchorage AK 995 06; 907 33 0-8 000 ; web sire: www.alaska narive.net; PEM, One East India Square, Salem MA 01970; 800 7454054; web sire: www.pem.org; BPBM, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu HI 968172704; 808 847-35 11 ; web sire: www.bis hop museum.org) ... Last year retired shipbuilder Jam es Manzolillo starred the Houston Maritime Museum with his own collection of maritim e artifacts, including model ships, h istorical artifacts, maps and prints, and a model ship studio. (HMM, 2204 Dorringron Street, Housron TX 77037; 7 13 666- 19 10) ... T he Cold War Museum, fo unded in 1996, has been invi ted ro become an affiliate museum of the Sm ithsoni an Institution, which will allow the museum to exhibit artifac ts from the Smithsonian's collection. (CWM, PO Box 178, Fairfax VA 22030; 703 273-2381; web sire: www.coldwar.org) ... To increase its coverage of World War II in the Pacific, the National D-Day Museum in New Orleans, Louisiana, will open a new exh ibit, "The D-Day Invasions in the Pacific." (NDDM, 945 Magazine Street, New Orleans LA 70 130; 504 527-601 2; web site: www.ddaymuseum.org) ... American Rivers h as launched the traveling exhibit "D iscoveri ng the Rivers of Lewis and C lark, " which rakes visitors along the Lewis and Clark Trail from St. Louis ro the Pacific Ocean, in traducing the natural history of the inland wate1ways, developments that changed the riverine environment, and th e efforts of communities to rebuild their riverfronrs. (AR, 1025 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 720, Washington DC 20005; 202 347-7550; web site: www .americanrivers.org) ... T he Maritime Committee of rhe Maryland Historical Society announ ces the establishment of an (Continued on page 41)

SEA HISTORY 98, AUTUMN 2001

Sea History 098 - Autumn 2001  

7 DEFENDING THE HUDSON RIVER, 1776-77: Defending the Lower Hudson in 1776, by William P. Deary, PhD • 11 DEFENDING THE HUDSON RIVER, 1776-7...

Sea History 098 - Autumn 2001  

7 DEFENDING THE HUDSON RIVER, 1776-77: Defending the Lower Hudson in 1776, by William P. Deary, PhD • 11 DEFENDING THE HUDSON RIVER, 1776-7...