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of the Duyjken, the first Europea n ship know n to have reached Australi a, was launch ed in Freman tle, Australia, in January 1999 . In 1606 the o riginal Duyjken charred 300krn of the Australian coast. (Duyfken 1606 Repl ica Foundation, 47 C liff Street, Frernan tle, Weste rn Australia 6 160,Australia; 61(8)93361606; fax: 61 (8) 9336 4688; e-mail: duyfken@vainet.net.au; web site: www.duyfken.o rg.a u) ... J acques Cousteau 's Calypso has arri ved in La Rochell e, France, whe re it will be the ce nterpiece of a new orga ni za tio n to be formed by the U ni vers ity of La Rochelle, the National Center fo r M arine M ammal Research , the Aquarium and the Maritim e Muse um. (Co usteau Society, 870 G reenbrier C ircle, Ste. 402, C hesapeake VA 23320; 800 44 14395; e- mail: co usteau@infi .net; www .cousreau.org) . .. Altho ugh funding shortfa lls forced the State of C alifornia to cancel the Go ld Rush Race reported in Sea History 88, the people and the ships are working together to go forward with ship visitations in San Francisco, Long Beach and Los Angeles . (Nautical Heritage Society, 1064 Call e Negocio Unit B, San C lem ente C A 92673; 949 369-6773; fax: 949 3696892; web site: www.californi an .org) ... USS Missouri re-entered public life in H o nolulu on 29 January as the n ewest member of Battleship Row, where it was dedi ca ted as a memorial to the end of WWII. (USS Mi sso uri M emorial Associati o n, Inc., PO Box 6339, Honolu lu HI 968 18; 808 423-2263; fax: 808 423-0700; emai l: bb630l @msn.com; web site: www .ussm issouri .co m) .. . The New York State D epartm e nt of Parks and Recrea tion awa rded USS Slater (DE-766), currently docked in Albany NY, a $9 0,000 grant to paint the ship 's hull above the wa te rline. (USS Slater D E-766 Destroyer Escort Histo rical Foundation, 3 City Square-11 Pruyn St., Albany NY 12207; 5 18 43 1-1943) ... T he resto red WWII submarine USS Pampanito reopened at San Francisco's Pi er 45 o n 1 February after extensive drydock work at Alameda's Bay Ship & Yacht Co., where the sub's underwater hu ll was inspected, cleaned and painted and all 38 zin cs ("sacrificial" nodes to protect aga inst electrolysis) were replaced. At a cos t of $25 0,000, this drydockingis the sub 's most extensive overall refurbishment sin ce its original restoration. (NMMA, PO Box 4703 10, Sa n Francisco CA 94 147-03 10; SEA HISTORY 89, SUMMER 1999

4 15 561-NMMA (6662); e-mail: sfnmma @aol.com) ... The 55-year-old wooden tug Cap tain Conner has bee n purchased by the Portland, Oregon- based no n-profit Headwaters to Ocean (H 20). T he organization has leased the 65-foot boat for rwo years raking schoolchildren and ad ults on river-conservation-awa reness excursions. (H 20, PO Box 745, Portland OR 97207; 503 228-9600; e- mail : h2ocean@teleport .com) ... T he San Diego Maritime Museum received $25 0,000 from the Cal ifornia Arts Council with the passage of the 1999 Cali fornia State budget-the largest single grant in the museum 's 50-year history and one of the largest museum grants statewide. (SDMM, 1306 N. H arbor Drive, San Diego CA 92 101 ; 6 19 234-9 15 3; fax: 619 234-8345; www.sdm aritime.com) ... D enied once, supporters of th e campaign to des ignate the Land Tortoise in Lake George NY a National Historic Landmark launched a seco nd, successful attempt to h ave the flat-botto med gunboat listed. As the o nl y in tact example of a French and Indi an War-era gunboat, Land Tortoise is now one of o nly six shi pwrecks in the country th at are National Historic Landmarks. (BBI , PO Box 2 143, W ilton NY 12831; 518 587-7638) . . . Marine archaeologist and N MHS advisor Dr. Kathy Abbass has uncovered clues that suggest a wreck at the bottom ofN ewport Harbor, Rhode Island, is that of Capt. Jam es Cook's HMS Endeavour. According to Australian resea rchers, after returning to England in 177 1, Endeavou r was sold in 177 5 and renamed Lord Sandwich. Ab bass knew that a mi li tary transport named Lord Sandwich was in Newport during the American Revo luti on and co uld have been one of several transports scurried to block the F rench fleet in 1778 . She also discovered that Endeavour and Lord Sandwich we re both three-masted barks with the same carrying capacity and heights between decks. An archaeological expedition this summer will help determine if the wreck is indeed Cook's Endeavour. (RIMAP, PO Box 1492, Newport RI 02840) ... T he 1999 National Lighthouse Conference wi ll take place in Key W est, Florida, hosted by the Key West Art & Historical Society, 12- 15 October. 0oe Pais, Key West Ligh thouse, 938 W hitehead at T ruman, Key West FL 33040; 305 296-39 13; e-mail: Maine l 898@aol. co m) ,!,

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4l

Sea History 089 - Summer 1999  

8 THE CAPE HORN ROAD, XIX. Steamships Take Over the North Atlantic, Driving the Sailing Ship into Increasingly Remote Trades, by Peter Stanf...

Sea History 089 - Summer 1999  

8 THE CAPE HORN ROAD, XIX. Steamships Take Over the North Atlantic, Driving the Sailing Ship into Increasingly Remote Trades, by Peter Stanf...

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