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ISSN 0146-93 12

No. 83

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SEA HISTORY

SEA HJSTORY is publi shed quarterl y by the National Maritime Historical Society, 5John Walsh Bou levard , PO Box 68 , Peekskill NY 10566. Second class postage paid at Peekskill NY I0566 and additional mailing offices. COPYRJGHT © 1997 by the National Maritime Hi storical Society. Tel: 914 737-7878 . POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Sea History, 5 John Walsh Boulevard , PO Box 68, Peekskill NY I0566. MEMBERSHIP is invited. Afterguard $ I0,000; Benefactor $5,000; Plankowner $2,500; Sponsor $ 1,000; Donor $500; Patron $250; Friend $ I 00; Contributor $75; Fam il y $50; Regul ar $35 . All members outside the USA please add $ 10 for postage. SEA HISTORY is sent to all members. Individual copies cost $3.75. OFFICERS & TRUSTEES: Chairman, Craig A. C. Reynolds; Vice Chairmen, Richardo Lopes, Edward G. Zelinsky; President, Peter Stanford; Vice President, Norma Stanford; Treasurer, Bradford Smith; Secretary, Marshall Stre ibert; Trustees, Walter R. Brown, W. Grove Conrad, Fred C. Hawkins, Jakob Isbrandtsen, Guy E. C. Maitland , Karen E. Markoe, Warren Marr, II, Brian A. McAlli ster, James J. Moore, David A. O ' e il , RADM Thomas J. Patterson, Nancy Pouch, Ogden Reid , Charles A. Robertson , Howard Slotnick, Louis A. Trapp, Jr., David B. Vietor, Harry E. Vinall , Ill, William H. White, Jean Wort; Chairman Emeritus, Alan G. Choate FOUNDER: Karl Kortum ( 191 7- 1996) OV ERSEE RS: Chairman, Townsend Hornor; Charles F. Adams, RADM David C. Brown, Walter Cronkite, John Lehman, J. Willi am Middendorf, ll , Graham H. Phillips, John Stobart , William G . Winterer ADVISORS : Co-Chairmen, Frank 0 . Braynard , Melbourne Smith; D.K. Abbass, Raymond Ake r, George F. Bass, Fran c is E. Bow ke r, Oswa ld L. Brett , Norman J. Brou wer, RADM Joseph F. Ca llo, Willi am M . Doerflinger, Franci s J. Duffy , John Ewald , Joseph L. Farr, Tim othy G. Foote, Willi am Gilke rson, Th omas Gillme r, Wa lter J . Hande lm an , Charl es E. He rde nd orf, Steven A . Hyman, Hajo Knuttel , Gunnar Lundeberg, Conrad Mil ster, Willi am G . Muller, Dav id E. Perkins, Nancy Hughes Richardson, T im othy J. Runya n, Ra lph L. Snow, Shannon J. Wa ll , Th omas We ll s AMERICAN SHIP TRUST: Chairman, Peter Stanford; Trustees, F. Briggs Dalzell , William G. Muller, Me lbourne Smith, Edward G . Zelinsky NMHS STAFF: Editor, Peter Stanford; Executive Editor, Norma Stanford; Managing Editor, Justine Ahl strom ; Contributing Editor, Kev in Haydon ; Accounting, Joseph Cacciola; Membership Development & Public Affairs, Burchenal Green; Assistant Membership Secretary/Merchandising, Erika Kurtenbach; Membership Assistant, Irene E ise nfe ld ; Advert is ing Assistan t , Ca rm e n McCa llum; Secretary to the President, Karen Ritell ; Director of New York Operations, Will iam Becker; Education Coordinator, Dav id A llen

WINTER 1997-98

CONTENTS 2 DECK LOG & LETTERS 6 NMHS NEWS 8 THE AMERICAN FLAG AT SEA: Early Activities of the US Merchant Marine in Latin America by Roberta M . Delson , PhD 11 THE CAPE HORN R OAD, PART XIII: Captain Cook Offers the World a New Picture of Itself by Peter Stanford 19 USS Constitution: 200 Years of the Battle and the Breeze 20 USS Constitution Sails Again! 21 Forging a C rew to Sail " Old Ironsides" aboard " HMS" Bounty by Carl Herzog 25 SHIP OF THE ISSUE: The James Craig Returns to Her Element by the Staff of the Sydney Maritime Mu seum 29 NMHS/OPERATION SAIL EDUCATION PROGRAM & The Operation Sail 2000 Official Ports, Part I by Peter Stanford & Kathryn Shelton 35 MARINE ART: New York Harbor a Century Ago: Alice Austen 's Photographs by Justine Ahlstrom 40 Annals of the Pacific Steam Schooners compiled by Karl Kortum 43 MARINE ART NEWS 44 MODELMAKER'S CORNER: HMS Beagle Revisited by Karl Heinz Marquardt 48 SHIP NOTES, SEAPORT & MUSEUM NEWS: Kalmar Nyckel-American Merchant Marine Museum News-Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Races Report-World Ship Trust Roundup-The American Navy at Whitehall- Inveni Portam-Calendar 56 R EVIEWS 64 P ATRONS COVER: "Old Ironsides" reef ed down in an Atlantic gale . Painting by William G. Muller, oil on canvas,20" x 14". To inquire about the original painting, whose sale will benefit NNHS , call 914 737-7878. For the complete painting and other stories on Constitution, see pages 19-22.

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Sea History 083 - Winter 1997-1998  

8 THE AMERICAN FLAG AT SEA: Early Activities of the US Merchant Marine in Latin America by Roberta M. Delson, PhD • 11 THE CAPE HORN ROAD, P...

Sea History 083 - Winter 1997-1998  

8 THE AMERICAN FLAG AT SEA: Early Activities of the US Merchant Marine in Latin America by Roberta M. Delson, PhD • 11 THE CAPE HORN ROAD, P...

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