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ISSN 0146-9312

No. 75

SEA HISTORY

SEA HISTORY is published quarterly by the National Maritime Hi storical Society, 5 John Walsh Boulevard, PO Box 68 , Peekskill NY I0566. Secood class postage paid at Peekskill NY I 0566 and additional mailing offices. COPYRIGHT © 1995 by the National Maritime Hi storica l Society. Tel : 914 737-7878 .

FEATURES 6 World War II Is Over -What Did Victor y Mean ? by Peter Stanford 8 A Captain from Cape Cod by Louis A. Norton

POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Sea History, 5 John Walsh Bou levard , PO Box 68 , Peekskill NY 10566.

12 T he Cape Horn Road, Part V: Confro nting the Wild Atlantic by Peter Stanford

MEMBERSH IP is invited. Afterguard $ I0,000; Benefactor $5,000; Plankowner $2,500; Sponsor $ 1,000; Donor $500; Patron $250; Friend $ I 00; Contributor $50; Family $40; Regular $30; Student or Retired $ 15. All members outside the USA please add$ JO fo r postage. SEA HISTORY is sent to all members. Individual copi es cost $3.75 . OFFICERS & TRUSTEES: Chairman, Alan G . Choate; Vice Chairmen , Richardo Lopes, Richard W. Scheuing, Edward G. Ze linsky; Preside111, Peter Stanford ; Vice President, Norma Stanford; Treasurer, Bradford Smith; Secretary , Donald Derr; Trustees, Wa lter R. Brown, W. Grove Conrad, Geo rge Lowe ry, Jean mari e Maher, Warren Marr, II , Brian A. McA lli ster, James J. Moore, Douglas Muster, Nancy Pouch, Craig A. C. Rey nolds, Marshall Streibert , David B. Vietor, Raymond E. Wall ace, Jean Wort ; Chairman Emeritus, Karl Kortum OVERSEERS: C ha rl es F. Ada m s, Walt e r Cronk ite, Townsend Hornor, George Lamb, John Lehman, Schu yler M. Meyer, Jr. , J . William Middendorf, II , Graham H. Phi llips, John Stobart, William G. Wintere r ADVISORS: Co-Chairmen, Frank 0 . Braynard , Melbourne Smith ; D.K. Abbass, Raymond Aker, George F. Bass, Francis E. Bowker, Oswa ld L. Brett, David Brink , orrnan J. Brouwer, William M. Doerflinger, Francis). Duffy,John S. Ewa ld, Joseph L. Fa rr, Tim oth y G. Foote , Wi ll iam Gilkerson, Thomas Gillmer, Wa lter J . Hande lman , Charles E. He rde nd orf, Steven A. Hyma n, Hajo Knuttel , Conrad Mil ster, William G. Muller, David E. Perkins, Richard Rath , Nancy Hughes Richardson, Timothy J . Run ya n, George Salley, Ralph L. Snow, John Stobart , Albert Swanson, Sha nn on J . Wa ll , Thomas We ll s AMERJCAN SHIP TRUST: International Chairman, Karl Kortum ; Chairman, Peter Stanford; Trustees, F. Briggs Dalzell, William G. Mu ller, Richard Rath , Melbourne Smith, Edward G. Zel insky SEA HISTORY STAFF: Editor, Peter Stanford; Executive Editor, Norma Stanford ; Associate Editor, Justine Ahl strom ; Contributing Editor, Kev in Haydon; Accounting, Joseph Cacciola; Membership Development, Burchenal Green; Membership Secretary, Patricia Anstett; Membership Assistant , Erika Kurtenbach ; Advertising Assistant, Carrnen McCallum; Secretary to the President, Karen Ritell

AUTUMN 1995

16 T he 1995 International Tall Ships Races by Captain Morin Scott 22 Across the Western Ocean : American Ships by Liverpool Artists by Daniel Finamore 31 T he Rediscovery of the US Brig Somers by James P. Delgado 45 Christmas at Antofagasta by Captain Fred Klebingat

DEPARTMENTS 2 4 5 19 20

Deck Log & Letters NMHS News Museum Profile Historic Ship Profile Modelma ker 's Corner

21 Marine Art News 33 Shipnotes, Seaport & M useum News 38 Reviews 48 Patrons

COVER: The packet ship Castilian makes her entrance to the great port of Liverpool, Eng land, in heavy weather, guided by a tug. This painting by Duncan McFarlane is part of the exhibit "American Ships by Liverpool Artists ," sponsored by the Peabody Essex Museum . (See story pages 22-29)

JoinUsforaV oyageintoHistory Our seafari ng heritage comes alive in the pages of Sea History, fro m the ancient mariners of Greece, and Portug uese navigators opening up the ocean world, to the heroic efforts of seamen in World War II. Each issue brings new insights and new discoveries.

If you Jove the sea and the legacy of those who sail in deep waters, if you love the rivers, lakes and bay s and the ir workaday craft, then you belong with us. Stay in touchjoin us today! Mail in the form below or phone

1-800-221-NMHS Yes, I want to join the Society and receive Sea History quarterl y. My contribution* is enclosed. (*$ 15 of each contribution is for Sea History; any amount above that is tax-deductible.) D $30 Regular Member D $40 Fami ly Member D $ JOO Friend Mr./Ms. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

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NATIONAL MARITIME HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Sea History 075 - Autumn 1995  

6 World War II Is Over-What Did Victory Mean? by Peter Stanford • 8 A Captain from Cape Cod by Louis A. Norton • 12 The Cape Horn Road, Part...

Sea History 075 - Autumn 1995  

6 World War II Is Over-What Did Victory Mean? by Peter Stanford • 8 A Captain from Cape Cod by Louis A. Norton • 12 The Cape Horn Road, Part...

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