No . 36
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE WORLD SHIP TRUST
SEA HISTORY is the journal of the National Maritime Historical Society , an educational , tax-exempt membership organization devoted to furthering the understanding of our maritime heritage. Copyright © 1985 by the National Maritime Historical Society . OFFICE: 132 Maple St. , Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520. Telephone: 914 271-2177 . MEMBERSHIP is invited : Sponsor $1 ,000; Donor $500; Patron $100; Family $30; Regular $20; Student or Retired $10 . ALL FOREIGN MEMBERS , including Canada and Mexico, please add $5 for postage. CONTRIBUTIONS may be made for any recognized project. Make out checks' ' NMHSShip Trust,'' indicating on the check the project to which you wish support to be directed . OFFICERS & TRUSTEES are Vice Chairman: Barbara Johnson; President: Peter Stanford ; Vice President: Norma Stanford, Secretary: Alan G. Choate; Treasurer: A.T. Pouch, Jr. ; Trustees: Alan G. Choate, James P. Farley, Ellen Fletcher, Thomas Hale, Barbara Johnson, James F. Kirk , Karl Kortum , J. Kevin Lally, Harold R. Logan, Richardo Lopes, Robert J. Lowen, James P. McAllister, II, Conrad P. Nilsen, A. T. Pouch, Jr., John H. Reilly, Jr., Spencer Smith , Wolf Spille, Peter Stanford. Chairman Emeritus: Karl Kortum . President Emeritus: Alan D. Hutchinson .. ADVISORS : Chairman: Frank 0 . Braynard ; Raymond Aker, Francis E. Bowker, Oswald L. Brett, David Brink, George Campbell , Robert Carl , Frank G. G. Carr, William Main Doerflinger, Harry Dring, James Ean , John Ewald, Joseph L. Farr, Timothy G. Foote, Richard Goold-Adams, Robert G. Herbert, R. C. Jefferson, Irving M. Johnson, John Kemble, Conrad Milster, William G. Muller, Capt. David E. Perkins, USCG (ret. ), Nancy Richardson, George Salley, Melbourne Smith , Ralph L. Snow, John Stobart, Albert Swanson, Shannon Wall , Robert A. Weinstein , Thomas Wells, AJCH , Charles Wittholz. WORLD SHIP TRUST: Chairman: Frank G. G. Carr; Vice Presidents: Rt. Hon . Lord Lewin , Sir Peter Scott, Rt. Hon . Lord Shackleton ; Hon. Secretary: J. A. Forsythe; Hon. Treasurer: Richard Lee; Erik C. Abranson, Dr. Neil Cossons, Maldwin Drummond , Peter Stanford . Membership : £10 payable WST, c/o Hon. Sec. , 129a North Street , Burwell , Cambs. CB5 OBB, England . Reg. Charity No. 277751. AMERICAN SHIP TRUST: International Chairman: Frank Carr; Chairman: Peter Stanford ; Hon . Secretary: Eric J. Berryman ; George Bass, Karl Kortum , Charles Lundgren , George Nichols, Richard Rath ; Senior Advisor: Irving M . Johnson; Curator, NY Harbor: Mel Hardin . SEA HIS1DRY STAFF: &J.itor: Peter Stanford; Managing &J.itor: Norma Stanford; Accounting: Maureen Conti ; Advertising: Margaret Settepani ; Membership: Heidi Quas; Corresponding Secretary: Marie Lore.
CONTENTS 3 EDITOR ' S LOG LETTERS 7 GUEST EDITORIAL: THE SHIP COMES FIRST , Douglas A . Johnston 8 A SANDBAGGER FOR ALL SEASONS , Philip Thorneycroft Teuscher 10 THE CONNECTICUT RIVER: THE RIVER TOWNS , Peter Stanford THREE CENTURIES OF CONNECTICUT RIVER SHIPPING , 12 Brenda Milkofsky THE RIVER MUSEUM 19 22 SAIL TRAINING : THE DANMARK, Jean Schertler 23 DA Y ' S RUN, Report of the American Sail Training Association 24 THE LAST SAILORS , PART II , Neil Hollander 28 MARINE ART: FRED FREEMAN, Peter Stanford 32 SHIP NOTES , SEAPORT & MUSEUM NEWS 38 THE FLORENCE GRISWOLD MUSEUM AT OLD LYME 39 BOOKS: THE BOOK LOCKER 45 THE FRIENDLY CONNECTICUT, Raymond E. Baldwin
COVER: This detail from John Stobart's "Hartford : The Connecticut River Waterfront" shows the famous river town a little over 100 years ago, with the thriving life of the waterfront vividly and memorably depicted by the artist who has, in our time, made himself the master of our historic waterfronts. (See pages 10-11 .)
The National Maritime Historical Society is saving America's seafaring heritage. Join us. We bring lO life America ·s seafa ring past th rough resea rch. arc haeo logical expeditions and ship prese rvation effo rts. We wo rk wi th museurns, hi swria ns and sail training Ii groups and report on these acti vi ti es in our quarterl y journal Sea His1ory. We are also th e American arm of the Worl d Ship Trust, an intern ati onal grou p working wo rld wide 10 help save ships of hi stori c importance.
Wo n "t you join us to keep ali ve our nati on ·s seafari ng legacy? Membership in the Society costs onl y $20 a yea r. You ·11 receive Sea History, a fascin ating magazine fi lled with articles of seafaring and hi stori ca l lore. You ' ll also be eli gible for disco unts on books . prints and oth er items. Help save ou r seafa ring heritage. Join th e ationa l Maritime Histo ri ca l Society today'
TO: National Maritime Historical Society, 132 Maple St. , Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520
I wa nt to he lp. I understand that my contr ibut ion goes 10 forwa rd the work o f the Society ' and 1ha1 !"II be kepi in formed by receiving SEA HI STORY quarterly. Enc losed is: O Sl.000 Spon;or C $500 Donor C SIOO Pa1ron ':C S30 Famil) _ $20 Regul ar Member $ 10 Studem/ Re1 ired
ADDRESS _ _ --------------------~ ZIP _ _ _ _ _ __ _ Conrribulions 10 NMH S arr lu: deduc1ible. 36
NATIONAL MARITIME HISTORICAL SOCIETY