Sea History 012 - Autumn 1978

Page 31

1944 light cruiser USS Little Rock. 610 ft., built by Cramp Shipbuilding, Philadelphia. Unit of Cleveland class. Completed too late for World War II, and in layup during Korean War. Co nver ted to gu id ed mi ss le cruiser 1957-60. Armament: 6-6in. guns in two turrets, "Talas" missles. Mu seum at Buffalo, New York, United States.

1944 battleship USS Missouri. 861 ft. , built at Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York . Third ship of Iowa class. Active in western Pacific in World War II , a nd in Korean War. Scene of Japanese surrende r September 2, 1945. Main armament: 9-16in. guns in three turrets. Op-en to public at Bremerton Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States. Aircraft Carriers 1943 aircraft carrier USS Yorktown. 786 ft., built by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock, Newport News , Va. Unit of Essex class. Active in western Pacific during World War II. Armament: 12-5in. guns, 95 to 100 planes. Museum at Charleston, S.C., U.S.A. (Other surviving ships of class:) USS Intrepid (1943) proposed museum in New York City; USS Lexington (1943) proposed museum at Pensacola, Fla.)

Battleships 1912 battleship USS Texas. 573 ft., built by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co ., Newport News, Virginia. Veteran of both World Wars. Last surviv ing early type battleship. Main armament: 1O-l4in. guns in five turrets. Museum at San Jacinto, near Houston , Texas, United States. 1940 battleship USS North Carolina. 729 ft. , built by Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York . First battleship built in the United States after the Washington Disarmament Conference of 1921. Active in the western Pacific throughout World War II. Main .a rmament: 9-16in. guns in three turrets. Mu seum at Wilmington , North Carolina, United States.

vation as an exhibit is studied. 1918 submarine UC 97. 185 ft., built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg. Awarded to US after World War I. Sunk as target in Lake Michigan, in 185 ft. of water, in 1921. Salvage and use as a museu m at Chicago has been proposed. 1938 light cruiser USS St. Louis 608.5 ft., built by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Va. Veteran of Pearl Harbor attack. Armament; l 5-6in guns. Currently Brazilian Tamandare. Campaign for preservation in U.S. underway. 1942 battleship USS New Jersey 887.5 ft., built at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, PA. Veteran of World War II, Korean War, and War in Vietnam. Main armament; 9-16in. guns. Preserved as Museum at several locations in New Jersey.

Miscellaneous Vessels War II River Monitor Zheleznyakov 157 .5 ft., Armament; 2-4in, 3-45mm & 2-37mm guns. Preserved ashore in a park at Kiev, U.S.S.R.

1942 battleship USS Alabama. 679 ft. , built by Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia Fourth ship of South Dakota class. Active in North Atlantic and western Pacific during World War II. Main armament: 9-16in . guns in three turrets. Museum at Mobile, Ala. U.S.A. (Other surviving ship of same class: USS Massachusells (1942), Museum at Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

1942 aircraft carrier USS Lexington 888 ft., built by Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Mass . Proposed Museum at Pensacola, _Florida, U.S.A. 1943 aircraft carrier USS Intrepid 888 ft., built by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Va . Proposed Museum in New York Harbor, U.S.A. .t

1965 Gunboat USS Asheville 165 ft., built at Tacoma, Wash . Armament; l-3in, l-40mm, & 2-50cal. machine guns. Preserved in Naval Museum fleet at Fall River, Mass. U.S.A. Proposed Museum Ships

Mr. Brouwer hunted up old ships around the

world during his service in the merchant marine, and continues to do so as Historian of South Street Seaport Museum in New York. He is a trustee of the National Society and associate editor of SEA HISTORY.

1862 monitor USS Monitor built at Greenpoint, Brooklyn, NY 172 ft. Armament; 2-11 in . guns. Currently sunk off Coast of North Carolina. Possible salvage and preser-

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